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Sample records for acute chylous ascites

  1. Chylous Ascites

    Siva K Talluri

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Chylous ascites is the accumulation of milky chyle in the peritoneal cavity. Chylous ascites has been reported after surgeries like abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, radical gastrectomy, duodenectomy, nephrectomy and Wilm′s tumor resection. Our literature search did not reveal any reports of chylous ascites after a gastric ulcer resection. We report about an elderly woman with a rare complication of chylous ascites after an emergent surgery for a perforated gastric ulcer. Case Report : A 70-year-old woman developed sudden respiratory distress on 5 th post-operative day after an elective C3-C7 cervical discectomy and fusion. Her past medical history was significant for cervical spondylosis. The Computed Tomography (CT scan of the chest revealed air under the diaphragm suspicious for hollow viscus perforation. She underwent an emergent surgery for drainage of hematoma in the neck along with an emergent laparotomy to repair a large perforated gastric ulcer distal to the gastro-esophageal junction. The patient had worsening of abdominal distention on 4 th post-operative day. The CT scan of abdomen showed fluid collection in the abdomen. The abdominal drain revealed large amount of serous milky fluid at the rate of 1500 ml per day. The fluid analysis showed that the triglyceride level was 170 mg/dl and cholesterol level was 15 mg/dl. The fluid cultures did not grow any organism. She responded to treatment with octreotide and a diet of medium chain triglyceride oil. Conclusion: Any obstruction or damage to the lymphatic channels results in chylous ascites. Lymphomas, metastatic malignancies, and abdominal surgeries commonly cause chylous ascites. Ascitic fluid triglyceride level greater than 110 mg/dl is diagnostic of chylous ascites. Chylous ascites is a rare complication of a peptic ulcer resection which can be managed effectively with octreotide.

  2. Acute Appendicitis Together with Chylous Ascites: Is It a Coincidence?

    Sami Akbulut

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Acute chylous ascites is a rarely seen clinical picture, therefore, examination findings are often confused with acute appendicitis. To the best of our knowledge, there is no publication to date showing the occurrence of them together. This study presents the treatment plan for a 25-year-old male patient with both acute chylous ascites and appendicitis. Surgical findings were retrocaecal appendicitis, evident lymphangiectasia in the proximal segment of jejunum, and approximately 3 lt of chylous fluid. An appendectomy was performed and drainage was applied. Low-fat total parenteral nutrition (TPN and octreotide treatment were administered for 7 days postoperatively. We also present a general review of some studies on chylous ascites, which have been published in the English language medical literature since 1910.

  3. Congenital chylous ascites

    Romańska-Kita, Justyna; Borszewska-Kornacka, Maria Katarzyna; Dobrzańska, Anna; Rudzińska, Iwona; Czech-Kowalska, Justyna; Wawrzoniak, Tomasz

    2011-01-01

    Summary Congenital chylous ascites is a rare entity, conditioned by numerous factors and with changing dynamics of the disease. Because of the lack of therapeutic and diagnostic standards, this disease constitutes to be a medical challenge. This article presents current knowledge on pathogenesis, diagnostics and management of this disease, as well as a case of a newborn with primary congenital chylous ascites in the abdominal cavity.

  4. Chylous ascites post open cholecystectomy after severe pancreatitis.

    Cheung, Cherry X

    2012-05-01

    Chylous ascites a rare complication post cholecystectomy. There are to our knowledge only 3 reported cases in the literature. We describe a case of chylous ascites post open cholecystectomy in a patient with recent severe pancreatitis. We propose a potential relationship between acute biliary pancreatitis and the development of chylous ascites.

  5. Acute chylous peritonitis due to acute pancreatitis

    2012-01-01

    We report a case of acute chylous ascites formation presenting as peritonitis (acute chylous peritonitis) in a patient suffering from acute pancreatitis due to hypertriglyceridemia and alcohol abuse. The development of chylous ascites is usually a chronic process mostly involving malignancy, trauma or surgery, and symptoms arise as a result of progressive abdominal distention. However, when accumulation of “chyle” occurs rapidly, the patient may present with signs of peritonitis. Preoperative...

  6. Acute chylous peritonitis due to acute pancreatitis.

    Georgiou, Georgios K; Harissis, Haralampos; Mitsis, Michalis; Batsis, Haralampos; Fatouros, Michalis

    2012-04-28

    We report a case of acute chylous ascites formation presenting as peritonitis (acute chylous peritonitis) in a patient suffering from acute pancreatitis due to hypertriglyceridemia and alcohol abuse. The development of chylous ascites is usually a chronic process mostly involving malignancy, trauma or surgery, and symptoms arise as a result of progressive abdominal distention. However, when accumulation of "chyle" occurs rapidly, the patient may present with signs of peritonitis. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult since the clinical picture usually suggests hollow organ perforation, appendicitis or visceral ischemia. Less than 100 cases of acute chylous peritonitis have been reported. Pancreatitis is a rare cause of chyloperitoneum and in almost all of the cases chylous ascites is discovered some days (or even weeks) after the onset of symptoms of pancreatitis. This is the second case in the literature where the patient presented with acute chylous peritonitis due to acute pancreatitis, and the presence of chyle within the abdominal cavity was discovered simultaneously with the establishment of the diagnosis of pancreatitis. The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy for suspected perforated duodenal ulcer, since, due to hypertriglyceridemia, serum amylase values appeared within the normal range. Moreover, abdominal computed tomography imaging was not diagnostic for pancreatitis. Following abdominal lavage and drainage, the patient was successfully treated with total parenteral nutrition and octreotide. PMID:22563182

  7. Acute chylous peritonitis due to acute pancreatitis

    Georgios K Georgiou; Haralampos Harissis; Michalis Mitsis; Haralampos Batsis; Michalis Fatouros

    2012-01-01

    We report a case of acute chylous ascites formation presenting as peritonitis (acute chylous peritonitis) in a patient suffering from acute pancreatitis due to hypertriglyceridemia and alcohol abuse.The development of chylous ascites is usually a chronic process mostly involving malignancy,trauma or surgery,and symptoms arise as a result of progressive abdominal distention.However,when accumulation of "chyle" occurs rapidly,the patient may present with signs of peritonitis.Preoperative diagnosis is difficult since the clinical picture usually suggests hollow organ perforation,appendicitis or visceral ischemia.Less than 100 cases of acute chylous peritonitis have been reported.Pancreatitis is a rare cause of chyloperitoneum and in almost all of the cases chylous ascites is discovered some days (or even weeks) after the onset of symptoms of pancreatitis.This is the second case in the literature where the patient presented with acute chylous peritonitis due to acute pancreatitis,and the presence of chyle within the abdominal cavity was discovered simultaneously with the establishment of the diagnosis of pancreatitis.The patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy for suspected perforated duodenal ulcer,since,due to hypertriglyceridemia,serum amylase values appeared within the normal range.Moreover,abdominal computed tomography imaging was not diagnostic for pancreatitis.Following abdominal lavage and drainage,the patient was successfully treated with total parenteral nutrition and octreotide.

  8. Lymphomas and chylous ascites: review of the literature.

    Almakdisi, Tony; Massoud, Samuel; Makdisi, George

    2005-09-01

    Chylous ascites is a rare and challenging clinical condition that occurs as a result of disruption of the abdominal lymphatics. We include a review of the literature describing the etiology, diagnosis, and therapy of chylous ascites. PMID:16177287

  9. Four Cases of Chylous Ascites following Robotic Gynecologic Oncological Surgery

    Ahmet Göçmen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Chylous ascites is an uncommon form of ascites characterized by milky-appearing fluid caused by blocked or disrupted lymph flow through chyle-transporting vessels. The most common causes of chylous ascites are therapeutic interventions and trauma. In this report, we present four cases of chylous ascites following robot-assisted surgery for endometrial staging and the treatment strategies that we used. After retroperitoneal lymph node dissection, leaving a drain is very useful in diagnosing chylous ascites and observing its resolution; furthermore, the use of octreotide in conjunction with TPN appears to be an efficient treatment modality for chylous ascites and should be considered before any invasive intervention.

  10. Chylous ascites in a hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris).

    Roh, Yoon-Seok; Kim, Eun-Ju; Cho, Ara; Kim, Min-Su; Cho, Ho-Seong; Lim, Chae Woong; Kim, Bumseok

    2014-12-01

    An African pygmy hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) was diagnosed as chylous ascites with biliary cirrhosis. Abdomenocentesis revealed a milky fluid with a 324 mg/dl triglyceride level. On serum biochemical examination, the hedgehog had hypoalbuminemia, hypoglycemia, and high blood urea nitrogen. There was no cytologic or genomic evidence of infection, and a blood culture was negative. Histopathologic examination revealed a liver with proliferative bile ducts that were often surrounded by prominent septa of fibrous connective tissue. In the area of ductular reaction, proliferative cells positive for CD66, an embryogenic antigen of epithelial cells, were revealed. The potential association between chylous ascites and liver cirrhosis is undetermined but could be an aspect of future study. This is the first description of chylous ascites in a hedgehog. PMID:25632690

  11. Chylous ascites: diagnosis, causes and treatment.

    Laterre, P F; Dugernier, T; Reynaert, M S

    2000-01-01

    Chylous ascites is a rare form of ascites and generally associated with a poor outcome since it is often secondary to neoplasms. Its true incidence is not well established in the general medico-surgical population. Any source of lymph vessels obstruction or leakage can potentially cause chylous effusions in the peritoneal or retroperitoneal cavities. Any type of cancer and lymph node involvement may be associated with this uncommon type of ascites. Traumatic, and mainly surgical, vessels leakage is the second most common source of chylous effusions. Other even more rare underlying conditions have been described as leading to chyloperitoneum. Large fluid volume losses together with proteins, and lymphocytes can induce additional morbidity in a previously debilitated population or severely ill patients. This includes organ dysfunction related to volume and electrolytes losses, but mainly secondary infections due to impaired immunity by antibodies and lymphocytes depletion. Even if a vast majority of chylous effusions shall heal spontaneously, early and full treatment has to be initiated in order to reduce morbidity and mortality associated with this condition. Adapted oral diet is to be introduced to reduce lymph flow. Low lipid, high medium-chain triglycerides alimentation is the first measure to implement. Total parenteral nutrition is to be reserved to failures of oral diet. In addition, paracentesis is indicated to improve patient comfort, reduce intra-adbominal pressure and secondary renal dysfunction. Somatostatin analogues have been demonstrated to be effective in reducing lymphorragia and may be proposed prior to consider the surgical approach. Direct lymph vessels ligation can be indicated for large lymph vessels leakage demonstrated by radiologic techniques and when medical treatment has failed. Peritoneo-venous shunt becomes a less common technique in refractory chylous effusion because of its high morbidity. Herein, the other causes of chylous effusions

  12. Ascite quilosa traumática Traumatic chylous ascites

    João Baptista de Resende Neto

    2002-02-01

    Full Text Available Chylous ascites is a rare clinical entity. In infancy it is less commom still. The etiology of most of them is usually congenital or idiopathic; trauma is a less frequent cause. It has been implicated in about 10% of all cases 1-5. There have been less than one hundred cases published in the English literature, including 12 in children. We report a pediatric case of chylous ascites as a result of blunt abdominal trauma managed by ligation of the lymphatic leak.

  13. Surgical repair of intractable chylous ascites following laparoscopic anterior resection

    Ha, Gi Won; Lee, Min Ro

    2015-01-01

    Chylous ascites is the accumulation of a milk-like peritoneal fluid rich in triglycerides and it is an unusual complication following surgical treatment of colorectal cancer. Conservative management is usually sufficient in patients with chylous ascites after surgery. However, we describe a patient with intractable chylous ascites after laparoscopic anterior resection for sigmoid colon cancer who failed initial conservative treatment. This patient was successfully managed by surgery.

  14. Chylous Ascites after Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair.

    Ohki, Shinichi; Kurumisawa, Soki; Misawa, Yoshio

    2016-01-01

    A 73-year-old man was transferred for treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm. He had no history of abdominal surgeries. Grafting between the infra-renal abdominal aorta and the bilateral common iliac arteries was performed. Proximal and distal cross clamps were applied for grafting. He developed chylous ascites on the 5th post-operative day, 2 days after initiation of oral intake. Fortunately, he responded to treatment with total parenteral hyper-alimentation for 10 days, followed by a low-fat diet. There was no recurrence of ascites. PMID:27087873

  15. Chylous ascites following radical nephrectomy: a case report

    Shah Shahzad S

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Chylous ascites may result from diverse pathologies. Ascites results either due to blockage of the lymphatics or leak secondary to inadvertent trauma during surgery. Case presentation We report the first case of chylous ascites following radical nephrectomy for a renal cell carcinoma involving the right half of a crossed fused renal ectopia. The patient was managed conservatively. Conclusion Post-operative chylous ascites is a rare complication of retroperitoneal and mediastinal surgery. Most cases resolve with conservative treatment which aims at decreasing lymph production and optimizing nutritional requirements along with palliative measures. Refractory cases need either open or laparoscopic ligation of the leaking lymphatic channels. A review of the current literature on the management of post-operative chylous ascites is presented.

  16. Chylous ascites af ter pancreatico-duodenectomy

    Mansoor Ahmed Madanur; Narendra Battula; Muhammad Omar Azam; Nigel Heaton; Mohamed Rela

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Chylous ascites (CA) following pancreatico-duodenectomy (PD) is a rare complication secondary to disruption of the lymphatics during extended retroperitoneal lymph node dissection. The majority of cases do not develop CA, possibly due to patency of the proximal thoracic duct and good collaterals. CA may be due to a consequence of occult obstruction of the proximal thoracic duct by malignant inifltration or tumor embolus. This study was to report the incidence of CA and its outcomes of management. METHODS: A retrospective search of our liver database was performed using the key words "pancreatico-duodenectomy", "chylous ascites" from January 2000 to December 2005. The medical records of CA patients and their management and outcome were reviewed. RESULTS: In 138 patients who had undergone PD in our centre for pancreatic malignancy, 3 were identiifed with CA and managed by abdominal paracentesis. CA resolved in 2 patients with low fat medium chain triglyceride diet alone and 1 patient had total parenteral nutrition (TPN) for persistent CA. Resolution of CA occurred in these 3 patients at a median follow-up of 4 weeks (range 4-12 weeks). Histologically, resected specimen conifrmed pancreatic adenocarcinoma in all the patients. Two patients developed loco-regional recurrences at a median follow up of 8 months (range 6-10 months). And the other was currently disease free at a 10-month follow up. CONCLUSIONS: CA as an uncommon postoperative complication requires frequent paracentesis, prolonged hospital stay, and delayed adjuvant chemotherapy. CA is treated with low fat medium chain triglyceride diet or occasionally TPN is required.

  17. Successful radiation treatment of chylous ascites following pancreaticoduodenectomy

    Chylous ascites is a rare complication following pancreaticoduodenectomy. We report on a case of chylous ascites following pancreaticoduodenectomy in a 76-year-old patient diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. There are various known conservative management strategies, including dietary measures or total parenteral nutrition. Unfortunately, conservative treatment - with total parenteral nutrition and fasting over a period of 4 weeks - was not successful in the present case. The daily output volume of chylous ascites was up to 2500 ml/day. Based on clinical experiences with successfully treated lymphocutaneous fistulas, low-dose radiotherapy was initiated. External beam radiotherapy comprising a total dose of 8.0 Gy to the paraaortic lymph node region was administered in daily single fractions of 1.0 Gy (five fractions/week). Throughout the course of external beam radiotherapy, the secretion of abdominal ascites rapidly decreased, resulting in complete resolution after 2 weeks. There was no clinical evidence of chylous ascites on follow-up. As a result of this experience, we believe that external beam radiotherapy should be considered as an alternative therapy in refractory cases of chylous ascites. (orig.)

  18. Successful management of chylous ascites: A report of two cases.

    Alam, Shaan E; Kar, Sunny M; Kar, Pran M

    2016-01-01

    Chylous ascites consists of the accumulation of chyle in the peritoneal cavity. Diagnosis is established by cytochemical analysis of the fluid revealing fat globules and high triglyceride content. The majority of cases are caused by pathology that interferes with abdominal retroperitoneal lymphatic drainage. We present two cases of postoperative chylous ascites, one following a bilateral nephrectomy, the other following orthotopic heart transplantation. Treatment is typically conservative with the aim to alleviate abdominal distension and reduce the flow of lymph into the mesenteric lymph nodes. Postsurgical chylous ascites has high cure rate with conservative therapy alone. Therapeutic paracentesis, diuretics, salt restriction, a high-protein, low-fat, mediumchain triglyceride diet, and parenteral nutrition are considered in chronic cases. The effects of longterm paracentesis on patients remains to be seen. In patients requiring renal replacement therapy, removal of chyle during peritoneal dialysis is often attempted. PMID:26997396

  19. Chylous ascites: a sequel of pelvic radiation therapy

    Sipes, S.L.; Newton, M.; Lurain, J.R.

    1985-12-01

    Chylous ascites is an unusual condition with many causes. Two cases are presented in which it appeared to be related to whole pelvis irradiation in one patient for carcinoma of the vagina and in another for carcinoma of the vulva. The diagnosis is made by paracentesis and analysis of the fluid. The underlying disease usually requires identification by exploratory laparotomy. Although a malignant process is the most common cause, the only findings in the authors' cases were widespread radiation changes in the intestine. After diagnosis treatment by low-fat diet with medium-chain triglyceride supplements resulted in disappearance of chylous ascites.

  20. Chylous ascites in cirrhosis-A case report

    S Laudari; K Subedi; R Toyena; J Vamja; S Nanda Kumar; S. Subedi

    2012-01-01

    Chylous ascites is a rare presentation in cirrhotic liver disease but its incidence has increased because of aggressive cardiothoracic/abdominal surgeries and increasing survival of patients with chronic liver disease and cancer. We report here a case presenting with spontaneous chylous ascites in cirrhosis of liver. It has been associated with poor prognosis. Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal,2012,Vol-8,No-2, 42-45 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jcmsn.v8i2.6837

  1. Chylous ascites in cirrhosis-A case report

    S Laudari

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Chylous ascites is a rare presentation in cirrhotic liver disease but its incidence has increased because of aggressive cardiothoracic/abdominal surgeries and increasing survival of patients with chronic liver disease and cancer. We report here a case presenting with spontaneous chylous ascites in cirrhosis of liver. It has been associated with poor prognosis. Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal,2012,Vol-8,No-2, 42-45 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jcmsn.v8i2.6837

  2. Successful radiation treatment of chylous ascites following pancreaticoduodenectomy

    Corradini, Stefanie; Niemoeller, Olivier M. [University of Munich, Department of Radiation Oncology, Munich (Germany); Liebig, Sylke [Gemeinschaftspraxis Prof. Zwicker and Partner, Konstanz (Germany); Zwicker, Felix [Gemeinschaftspraxis Prof. Zwicker and Partner, Konstanz (Germany); German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), Clinical Cooperation Unit Molecular and Radiation Oncology, Heidelberg (Germany); Lamade, Wolfram [Helios Privatklinik, Allgemein- and Viszeralchirurgie, Ueberlingen (Germany)

    2015-05-01

    Chylous ascites is a rare complication following pancreaticoduodenectomy. We report on a case of chylous ascites following pancreaticoduodenectomy in a 76-year-old patient diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. There are various known conservative management strategies, including dietary measures or total parenteral nutrition. Unfortunately, conservative treatment - with total parenteral nutrition and fasting over a period of 4 weeks - was not successful in the present case. The daily output volume of chylous ascites was up to 2500 ml/day. Based on clinical experiences with successfully treated lymphocutaneous fistulas, low-dose radiotherapy was initiated. External beam radiotherapy comprising a total dose of 8.0 Gy to the paraaortic lymph node region was administered in daily single fractions of 1.0 Gy (five fractions/week). Throughout the course of external beam radiotherapy, the secretion of abdominal ascites rapidly decreased, resulting in complete resolution after 2 weeks. There was no clinical evidence of chylous ascites on follow-up. As a result of this experience, we believe that external beam radiotherapy should be considered as an alternative therapy in refractory cases of chylous ascites. (orig.) [German] Das Chyloperitoneum ist eine seltene Komplikation nach Pankreatikoduodenektomie. Wir berichten ueber einen 76-jaehrigen Patienten mit Chyloperitoneum nach Resektion eines Pankreaskarzinoms. Die konservativen Therapiestrategien, wie beispielsweise diaetetische Massnahmen oder totale parenterale Ernaehrung, waren im vorliegenden Fall ueber einen Zeitraum von 4 Wochen nicht erfolgreich. Es bestand eine persistierende Sekretion von Chylaszites von bis zu 2500 ml/Tag. Basierend auf den klinischen Erfahrungen bei erfolgreich behandelten lymphokutanen Fisteln, wurde eine perkutane Radiotherapie eingeleitet. Die Bestrahlung des paraaortalen Lymphabflusses ueber ventrodorsale Gegenfelder wurde bis zu einer Gesamtdosis von 8,0 Gy in 1,0 Gy Einzeldosis (5 Fraktionen

  3. Chylous ascites after radical nephrectomy and inferior vena cava thrombectomy. Successful conservative management with somatostatin analogue.

    Leibovitch, Ilan; Mor, Yoram; Golomb, Jacob; Ramon, Jacob

    2002-02-01

    Postoperative chylous ascites is a rare complication of retroperitoneal surgery. The treatment of postoperative chylous ascites is primarily conservative, consisting of repeated paraceteses, medium chain triglyceride (MCT) diet, salt restriction, diuretics and bowel rest with total parenteral nutrition. Occasionally, chylous ascites may take a protracted course which may necessitate insertion of peritoneo-venous shunts or direct surgical lymphostasis. Recently, Somatostatin was shown to be highly effective in closure of refractory lymphatic fistulas. We present a case of refractory chylous ascites following radical nephrectomy with inferior vena caval thrombectomy that failed to respond to conventional conservative measures and resolved rapidly following the administration of Somatostatin. PMID:12074412

  4. Chylous Ascites in a Patient with Inflammatory Myofibroblastic Tumor

    Sascha Dietrich

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: We present the case of a 64-year-old patient who presented to his primary care physician with fatigue, worsening shortness of breath, abdominal discomfort and a rapidly growing abdominal girth, although he had lost 5 kg of weight within 3 months. He had a history of untreated hypertension, compensated renal insufficiency and COPD. Despite weight loss and fatigue, the patient did not experience any other constitutional symptoms such as fever, night sweats or loss of appetite. Investigations: Physical examination, blood tests, CT scan of the abdomen, MRI scan of the abdomen, fine needle biopsy, excisional biopsy, Video Capsule Endoscopy, histology, PET scan. Diagnosis: Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, chylous ascites, chyloperitoneum. Management: Systemic chemotherapy, total parenteral nutrition and octreotide therapy. Conclusion: We describe the case of a patient in whom two extremely rare phenomena are present in combination: the diagnosis of an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor and chylous ascites. While the tumor could be stabilized by different regimens of chemotherapy, the chyloperitoneum was treated with parenteral nutrition and subcutaneous octreotide injections, which resulted in a significant reduction of the amount of chylous ascites drained during regular paracentesis.

  5. Chylous ascites as a complication of laparoscopic donor nephrectomy.

    Caumartin, Yves; Pouliot, Frédéric; Sabbagh, Robert; Dujardin, Thierry

    2005-12-01

    Laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy (LLDN) is a minimally invasive technique for kidney procurement and was developed with the hope of reducing the disincentives associated with live renal donation. Compared with open donor nephrectomy (ODN), this alternative has many advantages including less postoperative pain and earlier return to work. Unfortunately, these benefits are sometimes negated by postoperative complications. Among these, chylous ascites (CA) is a rare but serious problem that is usually managed conservatively. We report the case of a living donor who developed CA refractory to initial conservative management and surgical treatment. We also discuss the role of surgery in the treatment of CA following LLDN. PMID:16297058

  6. Tratamento cirúrgico da ascite quilosa Surgical treatment of chylous ascites

    Claudia Stein Gomes

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available A ascite quilosa é uma complicação rara após procedimentos cirúrgicos e trauma abdominal, apresentando elevada morbidade e difícil manejo. Nos casos refratários ao tratamento clínico habitual, o tratamento cirúrgico se impõe, apesar da baixa taxa de sucesso. Dois casos são apresentados: o primeiro paciente foi vítima de trauma abdominal contuso e o segundo foi submetido a hernioplastia hiatal a Nissen videolaparoscópica, ambos evoluindo com ascite quilosa que necessitou de tratamento cirúrgico através da ligadura do ducto torácico, junto aos pilares diafragmáticos. Os pacientes evoluíram com melhora clínica e ausência de ascite após 24 meses de seguimento.Chylous ascites is a rare complication after abdominal procedures and blunt abdominal trauma, associated with high morbidity and difficult management. When clinical treatment fails, surgical intervention is necessary, despite the limited success rate. Two cases are reported: the first patient had a blunt abdominal trauma and the second patient underwent laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication; both developed chylous ascites and required surgical treatment with suture repair of the thoracic duct, close to the diaphragm. There was clinical improvement and ascites was absent at a 24-month follow-up.

  7. Successful management of chylous ascites with total parenteral nutrition, somatostatin, and fibrin glue

    HUANG Qi; GE Bu-jun; LIU Li-ming; TU Zhi-yuan; ZHANG Guo-fen; FAN Yue-zu

    2007-01-01

    @@ Chylous ascites, an uncommon disease usually caused by obstruction or rupture of the peritoneal or retroperitoneal lymphatic glands, is defined as the accumulation of chyle in the peritoneal cavity.

  8. Successful management of chylous ascites with total parenteral nutrition and octreotide in children

    Chao Yang

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To evaluate the effects of total parenteral nutrition and octreotide on pediatric patients with chylous ascites post-operative. Methods: Four patients were diagnosed with chylous ascites from nov 2009 to nov 2012. Total parenteral nutrition and octreotide was administered to 2 patients, while the other two only received fasting and total parenteral nutrition. All patients had persistent peritoneal drainage, with the quantity and quality of drainage fluid observed daily. Results: Two patients who received somatostatin therapy completely recovered within 7d without any recurrence while on a normal diet. The other two patients who only received fasting and total parenteral nutrition was cured 24-30d after therapy. Conclusion: Total parenteral nutrition along with octreotide can relieve the symptoms and close the chyle leakage in patients with chylous ascites rapidly. It seems to be an effective therapy available for the treatment of chylous ascites.

  9. The application of nutrition support in conservative treatment of chylous ascites after abdominal surgery

    Pan, Wu; Cai, Shen-Yang; Luo, Hai-Long; Ouyang, Shu-Rui; Zhang, Wen-Duo; Wei, Zai-Rong; Wang, Da-Li

    2016-01-01

    Background Chylous ascites is the pathologic leakage of triglycerides-rich lymphatic fluid into the peritoneal cavity. Chylous ascites is a rare complication in abdominal surgery. This study aimed to find a relatively better method for nutrition support in the treatment of chylous ascites after abdominal surgery. Methods This study was a retrospective study. This study retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent abdominal surgery and developed chylous ascites, from the year 2010 to 2014, at the West China Hospital of Sichuan University and the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College. Fifty-eight patients who developed chylous ascites after abdominal surgery were included in the study. The clinical effect of somatostatin was evaluated. The differences in the curative efficacy among a daily diet, a low-fat diet supplemented with medium-chain triglyceride (MCT), and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) were also analyzed in this study. Results Complete clinical success was reached earlier in patients treated with somatostatin (P<0.001). The tube removal time, the time to resumption of an oral diet, and the length of hospital stay after chylous leakage were significantly different between patients treated with and without somatostatin. The curative efficacies of the enteral nutrition (EN) + MCT plan and the TPN plan were quite similar, with no significant difference, however, were significantly different from the MCT regime, which was the worst. However, using the EN + MCT plan was more cost-effective (P=0.038). Conclusion In treating chylous ascites, EN + MCT instead of TPN was the best nutrition support. Moreover, somatostatin or its analog octreotide should be used immediately. The treatment with somatostatin in combination with EN + MCT is recommended in the conservative treatment of postoperative chylous ascites. PMID:27143902

  10. The application of nutrition support in conservative treatment of chylous ascites after abdominal surgery

    Pan W

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Wu Pan,1 Shen-Yang Cai,2 Hai-Long Luo,2 Shu-Rui Ouyang,1 Wen-Duo Zhang,1 Zai-Rong Wei,1 Da-Li Wang1 1Department of Plastic & Vascular Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College, Zunyi, Guizhou, 2Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People’s Republic of China Background: Chylous ascites is the pathologic leakage of triglycerides-rich lymphatic fluid into the peritoneal cavity. Chylous ascites is a rare complication in abdominal surgery. This study aimed to find a relatively better method for nutrition support in the treatment of chylous ascites after abdominal surgery. Methods: This study was a retrospective study. This study retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent abdominal surgery and developed chylous ascites, from the year 2010 to 2014, at the West China Hospital of Sichuan University and the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical College. Fifty-eight patients who developed chylous ascites after abdominal surgery were included in the study. The clinical effect of somatostatin was evaluated. The differences in the curative efficacy among a daily diet, a low-fat diet supplemented with medium-chain triglyceride (MCT, and total parenteral nutrition (TPN were also analyzed in this study. Results: Complete clinical success was reached earlier in patients treated with somatostatin (P<0.001. The tube removal time, the time to resumption of an oral diet, and the length of hospital stay after chylous leakage were significantly different between patients treated with and without somatostatin. The curative efficacies of the enteral nutrition (EN + MCT plan and the TPN plan were quite similar, with no significant difference, however, were significantly different from the MCT regime, which was the worst. However, using the EN + MCT plan was more cost-effective (P=0.038. Conclusion: In treating chylous ascites, EN + MCT instead of TPN was the best nutrition support

  11. Chylous ascites and chylothorax due to constrictive pericarditis in a patient infected with HIV: a case report

    Summachiwakij Sarawut

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Chylothorax and chylous ascites are uncommon and usually associated with trauma or neoplasms. To the best of our knowledge, constrictive pericarditis leading to chylothorax and chylous ascites in a person infected with HIV has never previously been described. Case presentation A 39-year-old Thai man was referred to our institute with progressive dyspnea, edema and abdominal distension. His medical history included HIV infection and pulmonary tuberculosis that was complicated by tuberculous pericarditis and cardiac tamponade. Upon further investigation, we found constrictive pericarditis, chylothorax and chylous ascites. A pericardiectomy was performed which resulted in gradual resolution of the ascites and chylous effusion. Conclusions Although constrictive pericarditis is an exceptionally rare cause of chylothorax and chylous ascites, it should nonetheless be considered in the differential diagnosis as a potentially reversible cause.

  12. A rare case of pregnancy complicated by mesenteric mass: What does chylous ascites tell us?

    Long Sun; Hua Wu; Yan-Zhen Zhuang; Yong-Song Guan

    2007-01-01

    Mesenteric fibromatosis is a rare benign nonmetastatic neoplasm that appears as a sporadic lesion or occurs in patients with familial polyposis, while chylous ascites associated with aggressive mesenteric fibromatosis during pregnancy has never been reported thus far. Here we present the case of a 28-year old pregnant woman, in whom an aggressive mesenteric fibromatosis with chylous ascites was detected, involving the jejunum, superior mesenteric artery (SNA) and superior mesenteric vein (SMV) and pancreas. One year after a successful surgical excision, the patient had no signs of recurrence. The authors report the case for its rarity and emphasize on combining clinicopathological, radiological and immunohistochemistry analysis for management of the disease.

  13. Chylous ascites associated with chylothorax; a rare sequela of penetrating abdominal trauma: a case report

    Plummer Joseph M

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract We present the case of a patient with the rare combination of chylous ascites and chylothorax resulting from penetrating abdominal injury. This patient was successfully managed with total parenteral nutrition. This case report is used to highlight the clinical features and management options of this uncommon but challenging clinical problem.

  14. Chylous ascites secondary to hyperlipidemic pancreatitis with normal serum amylase and lipase

    Fahmi Yousef Khan; Tssa Matar

    2007-01-01

    A 54-year old man with a family history of hyperlipidemia was admitted with a 12 h history of severe generalized abdominal pain associated with nausea, vomiting and abdominal distension. Examination of the abdomen revealed tenderness in the periumblical area with shifting dullness. Serum pancreatic amylase was 29 IU/L and lipase 44 IU/L, triglyceride 36.28 mmol/L. Ultrasound showed ascites. CT of the abdomen with contrast showed inflammatory changes surrounding the pancreas consistent with acute pancreatitis. Ultrasound (US)guided abdomen paracentesis yielded a milky fluid with high triglyceride content consistent with chylous ascites.The patient was kept fasting and intravenous fluid hydration was provided. Meperidine was administered for pain relief. On the following days the patient's condition improved and he was gradually restarted on a low-fat diet, and fat lowering agent (gemfibrozil) was begun,600 mg twice a day. On d 14, abdomen US was repeated and showed fluid free peritoneal cavity. The patient was discharged after 18 d of hospitalization with 600 mg gemfibrozil twice a day. At the time of discharge, the fasting triglyceride was 4.2 mmol/L. After four weeks the patient was seen in the clinic, he was well.

  15. First case report of chylous ascites after robot-assisted donor nephrectomy.

    Janki, Shiromani; Terkivatan, Türkan; Kimenai, Hendrikus J A N; IJzermans, Jan N M; Tran, T C Khé

    2016-01-01

    We present the first case report of chylous ascites following total robot-assisted donor nephrectomy. A 39-year-old female underwent a transperitoneal left-sided total robot-assisted donor nephrectomy. The procedure was uneventful and the patient was discharged without any symptoms. At postoperative Day 29, the patient presented with abdominal pain, nausea and a distended, painful abdomen with shifting dullness. She was diagnosed with chylous ascites by ultrasonography and puncture analysis, and treated with therapeutic drainage and dietary restriction. After 4 weeks, she was free of symptoms. The occurrence of this complication is rare after donor nephrectomy. Fortunately, the complication can be successfully treated within a few weeks with minimal discomfort for the patient as demonstrated in this case. It is of utmost importance to minimize the risks and limit discomfort for live kidney donors who willingly undergo major surgery to improve the well-being of another individual. PMID:27381018

  16. Delayed-Onset Chylous Ascites After a Living-Donor Liver Transplant: First Case Successfully Treated With Conservative Treatment?

    Chen, Jian-Han; Chang, Chun-Ming; Lu, Min-Chi; Wei, Chang-Kuo; Yin, Wen-Yao

    2016-06-01

    Chylous ascites is a rare complication in liver transplant. Few cases have been reported to date. In most cases, chylous ascites is diagnosed within 1 month after surgery because of intraoperative injury of the hilar lymphatic system. Preoperative massive ascites and use of a LigaSure vessel sealing system for hilar dissection have been reported as risk factors. We report a case of chylous ascites after a living-donor liver transplant that was diagnosed after 6 months of uneventful follow-up. Sirolimus was added to cyclosporine early (2 wk after the operation) owing to poor renal function and it was found to be high (> 22 ng/mL) when the chylous ascites occurred. The patient was treated with total parenteral nutrition in combination with Sandostatin and rapid tapering of sirolimus after the failed initial conservative treatment. Residual abdominal fullness after meals and lymphedema of the legs disappeared 1 month after discontinuing sirolimus. This is the first case of delayed-onset chylous ascites after a liver transplant that was successfully treated conservatively. PMID:25365187

  17. [Lymphangiomyomatosis with chylous ascites treatment successfully by peritoneo-venous shunting].

    Kimura, M; Morikawa, T; Takeuchi, K; Furuie, H; Fukimura, M; Mikami, R; Kakuta, Y; Kawamura, S; Tashiro, Y

    1996-05-01

    A 49-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of coughing and dyspnea. A chest roentogenogram showed emphysematous changes and a diffuse reticular shadow. A high-resolution CT scan of the chest showed many small cysts throughout the lungs. Lymphangiomyomatosis was diagnosed after examination of a specimen obtained by transbronchial biopsy. Abdominal distention due to chylous ascites developed during the hospital stay despite anti-estrogen therapy. Because the ascites was resistant to conservative therapy, we decided to begin peritoneo-venous shunting with a Denver Shunt system. After the operation, the abdominal distention was controlled for 1 year and 11 months, at which time the patient died of respiratory and heart failure with pneumonia. At autopsy, the shunt was patent and functional although about 900 ml of serous ascites fluid was present. An adenocarcinoma was found in the upper lobe of the right lung, but it may not have been related to the lymphangiomyomatosis. Peritoneovenous shunting with a Denver Shunt can be used to treat chylous ascites due to lymphangiomyomatosis when conservative therapy is insufficient. PMID:8753114

  18. Late onset of chylous ascites following distal gastrectomy with D1(+ dissection for gastric cancer: A case report

    Hüseyin Çiyiltepe

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Chyloperitoneum is the accumulation of lymphatic fluid in the peritoneal cavity. Chylous ascites can occur if it is not recognized during surgery. The incidence of chylous ascites after oncological surgery was approximately 7.4% however, the incidence of lymphorrhea after radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer is so low. Extensive lymph node dissection leads to a higher incidence of lymphorrhea. There have been few cases associated with D1 dissection In most patients conservative treatment is recommended that includes paracentesis, total parenteral nutrition (TPN, a medium chain triglyceride (MCT based diet, and somatostatin. Surgery is the last choice only when conservative treatment fails. In this case we aimed to present a late onset of chylous ascites after subtotal gastrectomy and D1+ dissection that was treated with percutaneous drainage and conservative management.

  19. Congenital chylous ascites treated successfully with MCT-Based formula and octreotide

    Radheshyam Purkait

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Medium chain triglyceride (MCT-based diet, total parenteral nutrition (TPN and repeated paracentesis are considered as supportive management for congenital chylous ascites (CCA. TPN is considered where therapy with oral MCT is poorly tolerated by the patient especially young infant with unstable hemodynamic. Surgery is recommended when medical therapy fails. Herein, we report a 2΍-month-old infant with CCA, treated successfully with octreotide intravenous infusion after the initial failure to response to conventional conservative therapy with MCT-enriched formula and paracentesis.

  20. [Ascites and acute kidney injury].

    Piano, Salvatore; Tonon, Marta; Angeli, Paolo

    2016-07-01

    Ascites is the most common complication of cirrhosis. Ascites develops as a consequence of an abnormal splanchnic vasodilation with reduction of effecting circulating volume and activation of endogenous vasoconstrictors system causing salt and water retention. Patients with ascites have a high risk to develop further complications of cirrhosis such as hyponatremia, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and acute kidney injury resulting in a poor survival. In recent years, new studies helped a better understanding of the pathophysiology of ascites and acute kidney injury in cirrhosis. Furthermore, new diagnostic criteria have been proposed for acute kidney injury and hepatorenal syndrome and a new algorithm for their management has been recommended with the aim of an early diagnosis and treatment. Herein we will review the current knowledge on the pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of ascites and acute kidney injury in patients with cirrhosis and we will identify the unmet needs that should be clarified in the next years. PMID:27571467

  1. Chylous Ascites in a Patient with HIV/AIDS: A Late Complication of Mycobacterium avium Complex-Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome

    Imam H. Shaik

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Chylous ascites is very rare in HIV/AIDS and its association with Mycobacterium avium complex-immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (MAC-IRIS has been rarely reported. Here, we report a case of a young African-American male who developed chylous ascites as a late sequela to immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome while on treatment for MAC. Antiretroviral drug-naive patients who start HAART in close proximity to the diagnosis of an opportunistic infection and have a rapid decline in HIV RNA level should be monitored for development of IRIS. Although the long term prognosis is poor, early diagnosis and treatment help to improve quality of life.

  2. Chylous ascites secondary to hyperlipidemic pancreatitis with normal serum amylase and lipase

    Khan, Fahmi Yousef; Matar, Issa

    2007-01-01

    A 54-year old man with a family history of hyperlipidemia was admitted with a 12 h history of severe generalized abdominal pain associated with nausea, vomiting and abdominal distension. Examination of the abdomen revealed tenderness in the periumblical area with shifting dullness. Serum pancreatic amylase was 29 IU/L and lipase 44 IU/L, triglyceride 36.28 mmol/L. Ultrasound showed ascites. CT of the abdomen with contrast showed inflammatory changes surrounding the pancreas consistent with ac...

  3. Chylous ascytes secondary to acute pancreatitis: a case report and review of literature Ascitis quilosa secundaria a pancreatitis: caso clínico y revisión de la bibliografía

    J. M. Gómez-Martín

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Chylous ascites is an uncommon finding which is due to the presence of thoracic or intestinal lymph in the abdominal cavity. It is usually caused by a chronic disruption of the lymphatic system. The present report is one of the rare cases in the literature of chylous ascites secondary to idiopathic acute pancreatitis, which showed a complete resolution with a combination of low fat enteral nutrition with MCT and somatostatin analogs.La ascitis quilosa es un hallazgo infrecuente producido por la presencia de linfa de origen torácico o intestinal en la cavidad abdominal. Normalmente es producido por la disfunción crónica del sistema linfático. El caso que presentamos es uno de los pocos casos descritos en la literatura de ascitis quilosa secundaria a una pancreatitis aguda idiopática, que se resolvió completamente con una combinación de dieta enteral baja en grasas con triglicéridos de cadena media y análogos de somatostatina.

  4. Concomitancia de quilotórax y quiloascitis, caso clínico y revisión de la literatura: CASE REPORT AND REVIEW COMBINED OCURRENCE OF CHYLOTHORAX AND CHYLOUS ASCITES

    Mónica Zagolín B

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 69 años, etílico crónico, diabético, con antecedentes de cirrosis hepática y colecistectomía. Ingresó por cuadro de ascitis y derrame pleural izquierdo masivo asociado a insuficiencia respiratoria. El estudio de ambos fluidos fue categórico para el diagnóstico de quilotórax y quiloascitis. No había antecedentes traumáticos ni de neoplasia conocida. El estudio de imágenes fue negativo para cáncer. El paciente egresó en relativas buenas condiciones luego de terapia depletiva y evacuadora parcial de ambos derrames, con franco alivio de la disnea. Se prescribió régimen oral libre de grasas. El paciente reingresó un mes después en falla respiratoria secundaria a neumonía grave sin lograr recuperarse. El informe de la autopsia reveló una lesión del conducto torácico a nivel abdominal posiblemente relacionado a la cirugía previa. La asociación de quilotórax y quiloascitis es extraordinariamente infrecuente, generalmente asociada a traumatismos, neoplasias o complicaciones postoperatorias, aunque ocasionalmente puede deberse a cirrosis hepática, insuficiencia cardíaca y síndrome nefróticoWe report a case of a 69-year-old man with a long standing history of alcohol abuse, liver cirrhosis, diabetes mellitus and previous cholecystectomy, who was admitted with respiratory failure associated with severe ascites and left pleural effusion. Both fluids analysis were diagnostic for chylothorax and chylous ascites. There was no history of trauma or cancer. The images study did not show any tumour in the thoracic or abdominal cavity. The patient was discharged in stable conditions after being treated with depletive therapy and partial evacuation of both effusions, with a remarkable improvement in respiratory function. He was on fat free oral regimen. One month later, the patient was readmitted with severe respiratory failure due to fatal acute bilateral pneumonia. The autopsy showed damage and a

  5. Traumatic chylous knee effusion.

    Reginato, A J; Feldman, E; Rabinowitz, J L

    1985-01-01

    A 47-year-old patient presented with a chylous knee effusion and traumatic infected skin lacerations. The diagnosis of septic arthritis was considered because of purulent looking joint fluid, spuriously high synovial fluid white cell count, and signs of acute knee synovitis. Synovial fluid lipid analysis showed increased total lipids due to high concentration of neutral lipids, mainly triglycerides, and repeated knee radiographs showed a small fracture of the tibial spine. Joint trauma with s...

  6. Clinical analysis of postoperative complicated chylous ascites of cavernous transformation of portal vein in children%小儿门静脉海绵样变术后并发乳糜腹水临床分析

    高志刚; 熊启星; 钭金法; 王金湖; 黄寿奖; 钱云忠; 章希圣

    2008-01-01

    Objective To analyze the cause,prevention and therapy of postoperative complicated chylous ascites of cavernous transformation of portal vein in children.Methods Between Jan.2001 and Apr.1 2006.9 patients(male 5,female 4)who had recurrent upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage caused by cavernous degeneration of portal vein were operated and analyzed retrospectively.Their age ranged from 2yr7mon to 12yr2mon with an average of 7yr3mon.Four patients had complicated postoperative chylous ascites.Of them,2 cases were performed on splenectomy and splenorenal shunt,1 was received side-to-side mesocaval shunt and 1 had distal splenorenal shunt.Results Three of the 4 patients were cured after short-term fasting and total parental nutrition(TPN)administrated for 1-4 weeks.One case had accumulating ehylus aboUt 2000 ml daily after 4 weeks of conservative treatment,and the chylus was discharged one week after a peritoneo-saphenous shunt. An patients were followed-up from 1 year to 6 years without recurrence.Conclusions The cause of postoperative complicated chylous ascites of cavernous transformation of portal vein in children is the damaging of lymphatic vessels and the chylocyst during operation.Conservative therapy is effective,whereas an operation is chosen if necessary.%目的 本文探讨小儿门静脉海绵样变术后并发乳糜腹水的发病原因,预防措施及治疗方法.方法 回顾性分析本院5年间收治因门静脉海绵样变门脉高压而反复上消化道出血患儿9例,均行手术治疗,术后4例出现乳糜腹,其中2例发生于脾脏切除加脾肾静脉分流术后,1例发生于肠系膜上静脉下腔静脉分流术后,1例发生于Warren术后.结果 4例乳糜腹水患儿有3例经过禁食及TPN等保守治疗后在术后1~4周乳糜腹水消失,1例患儿经过4周保守治疗后每天仍有2000 ml左右的乳糜腹水,在术后4周行腹腔大隐静脉转流术,术后1周乳糜腹水消失.随访1~6年,均无复发.结论 门静脉

  7. Pulmonary Thromboembolism Complicating Acute Pancreatitis With Pancreatic Ascites: A Series of 4 cases

    Ruchir Patel

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Acute pancreatitis is an inflammatory disease often associated with local and systemic complications. Portosplenic and splanchnic vascular complications of acute pancreatitis are common, but extrasplanchnic vessel thrombosis is less commonly seen. Among them, pulmonary thromboembolism is a very rare complication to be encountered with. We report four cases of acute pulmonary thromboembolism in patients with acute pancreatitis superimposed on chronic pancreatitis. All the patients had abdominal pain on presentation and distention of abdomen during the course. Dyspnea was present in all the patients. All patients were found to have pancreatic ascites, whose association with pulmonary thromboembolism is reported only in two patients till date upto our knowledge. Two of them had deep vein thrombosis and rest two had no venous thrombosis. All of them were managed conservatively using subcutaneous heparin, intravenous fluids and analgesics. We provide the causative mechanism for occurrence of pulmonary thromboembolism in acute on chronic pancreatitis. We have also hypothesized pancreatic ascites as the possible cause for pulmonary thromboembolism and provide explanation for it. We conclude that pulmonary thromboembolism in acute pancreatitis has good prognosis if diagnosed timely. Whenever patient with pancreatic ascites presents with dyspnea, pulmonary thromboembolism must be ruled out.

  8. Acute and chronic eggshell temperature manipulations during hatching term influence hatchability, broiler performance, and ascites incidence.

    Sozcu, A; Ipek, A

    2015-02-01

    The aim of the current study was to determine how a control temperature and acute and chronic high eggshell temperatures during the last three days of incubation, can affect hatchability, chick quality, and organ development on day of hatch as well as broiler performance and ascites incidence in later life. The eggshell temperature manipulations were applied during hatching term (days 19 to 21) as follows: control EST (37.3 to 38.0°C), acute high eggshell temperature manipulations (38.4- to 39.0°C for three hours daily) and chronic high eggshell temperature manipulations (38.4 to 39.0°C). The lowest hatchability and the highest cull chick rate were in the chronic high eggshell temperature manipulations group. Lower chick quality parameters correlated with lower chick weights and heavier residual yolk sac weights that were in the chronic high eggshell temperature manipulations group depending on hatch time. The live weights on the 1(st) day of the growing period were higher in the control and acute high eggshell temperature manipulations groups than the chronic high eggshell temperature manipulations group. At 6 wk of age, live weights of broilers were the highest in the control than in the acute and chronic high eggshell temperature manipulations groups. The total mortality was 2.5, 9.2, and 13.3%, the mortality due to ascites was 2.1, 8.3, and 12.9% in the control, acute ,and chronic high eggshell temperature manipulations groups, respectively. The right ventricular/total ventricular ratios for the control, acute and chronic high eggshell temperature manipulations groups were 0.22, 0.28, and 0.30%, respectively. In conclusion, short-term and long-term higher temperatures during the hatching term affect embryo development, incubation results, broiler performance, and ascites incidence. Although the acute high eggshell temperature manipulations did not affect the chick quality parameters at hatch, it negatively affected incubation results and broiler performance

  9. Acute Abdomen Secondary to Incarcerated Umbilical Hernia after Treatment of Massive Cirrhotic Ascites

    Hiang Keat Tan; Pik Eu Chang

    2013-01-01

    Umbilical herniation is common in patients with liver cirrhosis and ascites. Rarely, they suffer from incarceration and strangulation of the umbilical hernia after treatment of ascites. We report 3 cases of umbilical hernia incarceration following removal of massive ascites with different treatment modalities. Physicians managing this group of patients should be aware of this rare and potentially fatal complication.

  10. Acute Abdomen Secondary to Incarcerated Umbilical Hernia after Treatment of Massive Cirrhotic Ascites

    Hiang Keat Tan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Umbilical herniation is common in patients with liver cirrhosis and ascites. Rarely, they suffer from incarceration and strangulation of the umbilical hernia after treatment of ascites. We report 3 cases of umbilical hernia incarceration following removal of massive ascites with different treatment modalities. Physicians managing this group of patients should be aware of this rare and potentially fatal complication.

  11. Spontaneous chylous cardiac tamponade: a case report

    Tsilikas Christodoulos

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Chylous cardiac tamponade is a rare condition with little known cause. Case presentation A case of an otherwise healthy woman who admitted with dyspnea and palpitations is presented. She had a history of a painful flexion-hyperextension of the spine. Diagnostic evaluation proved a chylous pericardial effusion with a disruption of the anterior longitudinal spinal ligament. Video-assisted thoracic surgery with mass supradiaphragmatic ligation of the thoracic duct and pericardial window formation was carried out successfully and resulted in the complete cure of the patient's condition. Conclusion Chylous pericardial effusion and subsequent tamponade is a rare entity. Endoscopic surgery is offering a safe and effective treatment.

  12. Chylous complications after abdominal aortic surgery.

    Haug, E S; Saether, O D; Odegaard, A; Johnsen, G; Myhre, H O

    1998-12-01

    Two patients developed chylous complications following abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. One patient had chylous ascitis and was successfully treated by a peritoneo-caval shunt. The other patient developed a lymph cyst, which gradually resorbed after puncture. Chylous complications following aortic surgery are rare. Patients in bad a general condition should be treated by initial paracentesis and total parenteral nutrition, supplemented by medium-chain triglyceride and low-fat diet. If no improvement is observed on this regimen, the next step should be implementation of a peritoneo-venous shunt, whereas direct ligation of the leak should be reserved for those who are not responding to this treatment. PMID:10204656

  13. Anorexia nervosa and pancreatic ascites.

    Isaacs, P.; Saunders, A J; Rosen, B. K.; Sladen, G E

    1986-01-01

    Acute alcoholic pancreatitis was undiagnosed in a patient with anorexia nervosa who subsequently developed pancreatic ascites and oedema, wrongly attributed to protein malnutrition alone. She became hyperphagic in an attempt to reverse the malnutrition and hence the abdominal swelling, indicating that the goal of attaining a thin shape was the major determinant of the eating disorder in this patient. Measurement of ascitic fluid amylase concentration should be carried out in all patients with...

  14. Isolated non-chylous pleural effusion in two neonates.

    Hwang, Ji Young; Yoo, Jeong Hyun; Suh, Jeong Soo; Rhee, Chung Sik

    2003-01-01

    Isolated pleural effusion, so called primary pleural effusion denotes a pleural effusion without documented etiology such as a cardiac, inflammatory, iatrogenic problem or fetal hydrops. Chromosomal anomaly such as Down syndrome may be associated with isolated pleural effusion. The content of the isolated pleural effusion is mostly chylous, and isolated non-chylous pleural effusion in neonate is rare. We experienced 2 cases of isolated non-chylous pleural effusion. They had neither cardiac pr...

  15. A case of chronic lymphocytic leukemia with massive ascites

    Yonal, Ipek; Nazlıgul, Esra; Tas, Gulsum; Agan, Mehmet Ramazan; Yenerel, Mustafa Nuri; Nalcaci, Meliha

    2012-01-01

    An 81-year old woman with a history of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) was admitted with night sweats and abdominal distension. A complete blood count showed hemoglobin 5 g/dL, white blood cell (WBC) count 28.5×109/L and platelets 38.4×109/L. Peripheral blood smear examination showed a large number of smudge cells and lymphocytosis composed of mature-looking lymphocytes with clumped nuclear chromatin. Computed tomography scan demonstrated enlarged cervical, axillary, paraaortic, retroperitoneal and mesenteric lymph nodes with concomitant omental thickening and ascites. Also, the liver and the spleen were enlarged in the presence of multiple ill-defined hypoechoic areas in the latter. Histopathological analysis of the cervical lymph node biopsy was consistent with CLL. Bone marrow examination showed diffuse infiltration of the marrow with small lymphocytes. Analysis of the ascitic fluid revealed an exudate with WBC 1220 cells/mL. Cytocentrifuge preparation of the ascitic fluid showed small mature lymphoid cells containing hyperchromatic nuclei with coarsely granular chromatin. On flow cytometric analysis of the ascitic fluid, expression of CD5, CD19, CD20, CD22, CD23, CD45 and HLA-DR was compatible with a diagnosis of CLL, in accordance with the results of the peripheral blood analysis. The patient was treated with chemotherapy consisting of cyclophosphamide, vincristine and prednisolone but died within one month after development of non-chylous ascites. PMID:23372915

  16. A case of chronic lymphocytic leukemia with massive ascites

    Meliha Nalcaci

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available An 81-year old woman with a history of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL was admitted with night sweats and abdominal distension. A complete blood count showed hemoglobin 5 g/dL, white blood cell (WBC count 28.5x109/L and platelets 38.4x109/L. Peripheral blood smear examination showed a large number of smudge cells and lymphocytosis composed of mature-looking lymphocytes with clumped nuclear chromatin. Computed tomography scan demonstrated enlarged cervical, axillary, paraaortic, retroperitoneal and mesenteric lymph nodes with concomitant omental thickening and ascites. Also, the liver and the spleen were enlarged in the presence of multiple ill-defined hypoechoic areas in the latter. Histopathological analysis of the cervical lymph node biopsy was consistent with CLL. Bone marrow examination showed diffuse infiltration of the marrow with small lymphocytes. Analysis of the ascitic fluid revealed an exudate with WBC 1220 cells/mL. Cytocentrifuge preparation of the ascitic fluid showed small mature lymphoid cells containing hyperchromatic nuclei with coarsely gran- ular chromatin. On flow cytometric analysis of the ascitic fluid, expression of CD5, CD19, CD20, CD22, CD23, CD45 and HLA-DR was compatible with a diagnosis of CLL, in accordance with the results of the peripheral blood analysis. The patient was treated with chemotherapy consisting of cyclophosphamide, vincristine and prednisolone but died within one month after development of non-chylous ascites.

  17. ROLE OF COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY IN EVALUATION OF ASCITES

    Ramesh

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Ascites result from variety of medical & surgical causes , and ultrasonography ( US or computed tomography ( CT of abdomen is advisable for its detection , and the different CT signs depend on amount and distribution of fluid . OBJECTIVES: To evalua te ascitic fluid collections , their etiologies in relation to CT scan findings , evaluating the role of CT scan to differentiate ascites from other space - occupying masses and to evaluate the role of CT scan in determining the etiology of ascites of unknown origin . MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hundred patients with an age range of 18 - 88 years had ascites , been referred for CT scan of abdomen as a further diagnostic step to confirm &identify the possible underlying cause of ascites . Abdominal CT scan had been done us ing 6mm slice thickness ( oral diluted gastrografin 1 . 5 - 2hrs prior to examination & two sets of CT examinations had been done with 350mg/ml IV omnipaque ( in indicated patients only or without contrast . Results : 100 patients with ascites underwent CT scan . The study showed that CT was very sensitive in detection of ascites , with sensitivity of 100% and the different signs of ascites on CT images depended on the amount of ascetic fluid producing either ( early or ( late signs . The frequency of the underlyin g causes of ascites was - 54% cases of neoplasm , 17% liver cirrhosis , 14% acute pancreatitis , 6% abdominal tuberculosis , 5% intestinal obstruction and 4 % chronic renal failure . DISCUSSION: Associated organ involvement was seen in 98 cases ( 98% . Isolated A scites was seen in 2 cases ( 2% . CONCLUSION: CT was very sensitive in detection of ascites , and most useful in identifying the underlying cause of it , but still some of the patients require further investigative steps . KEYWORDS : Ascites ; etiology ; Computed Tomography .

  18. Ergotamine-Associated Valvulopathy with Recurrent Chylous Pleural Effusion

    Bois, John P.; Ponnada, Vara Venkata; O'Cochlain, D. Fearghas; Brady, Peter A.; Edwards, William D.; Klarich, Kyle W.

    2012-01-01

    We report a rare case of ergotamine-associated mitral stenosis in a 55-year-old woman who presented with recurrent chylous pleural effusion. Echocardiographic, gross, and microscopic features of the mitral valve were consistent with chronic ergotamine-induced valvulopathy. We conclude that medication-induced valvulopathy should be included in the differential diagnosis of valvular heart disease. In addition, cardiac function should be monitored before and during long-term therapy with ergotam...

  19. Primary chylous vaginal discharge in a 9-year-old girl: CT-lymphangiogram and MR appearance

    Chylous reflux is a manifestation of primary or secondary lymphatic obstruction. Primary lymphatic obstruction is defined as lymphangiectasia and incompetency of lymphatic valves without an underlying cause. Lymphangiectasia resulting from trauma, neoplasm, irradiation, or inflammation characterizes secondary lymphatic obstruction. Leakage of chyle into the uterus, vagina, bladder, or rectum can occur with either primary or secondary lymphatic obstruction. We report a patient with chylous vaginal discharge, a rare presentation of primary chylous reflux syndrome. CT-lymphangiography and magnetic resonance imaging clearly depicted this disorder. To our knowledge, only 20 cases of chylous vaginal discharge have been reported previously; chylous vaginal drainage occurred in the absence of chylous uterine reflux in only three. Although this is a rare anomaly, chylous reflux should be considered in a child with chronic vaginal discharge and lower extremity swelling. (orig.). With 3 figs

  20. Unilateral leg edema in a cirrhotic patient with tense ascites

    Stelios F Assimakopoulos; Konstantinos C Thomopoulos; Christine Kalogeropoulou; Ioannis Maroulis; Alexandra Lekkou; Christos Papakonstantinou; Constantine E Vagianos; Charalambos Gogos

    2006-01-01

    @@ TO THE EDITOR A 61 year old man with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma developed on the background of chronic hepatitis B was admitted because of acute and gradually intensified right thigh pain and swelling, which, within a few hours, was expanded to his right foot. The patient,due to ascites refractory to diuretics, was almost weekly subjected to large volume paracentesis of ascitic fluid for the last six months; meanwhile he has developed a left inguinal, a right femoral and an umbilical hernia. It should be noted that 48 h before admission, the patient was referred to the emergency room because of dyspnoea and 5 L of ascitic fluid were removed.

  1. [Current ascites therapy].

    Ochs, A

    1997-01-21

    Ultrasonography detects ascites easily even in trace amounts. 80% of the cases are caused by hepatic disease, in the remaining 20% cancer, inflammation, pancreatic, renal, or cardiac disease can be found. The underlying disease should be investigated by few inexpensive laboratory test from serum, urine and ascites and by abdominal sonography. Hepatic ascites is caused by portal hypertension and disturbances of humoral factors. Sodium retention, peripheral, vasodilation, hyperdynamic circulation and progressive renal vasoconstriction lead to a stepwise deterioration of patients condition. Treatment with diuretics (furosemide, torsemide, or xipamide and spironolactone) and sodium-restriction (peritoneo-venous shunt is restricted to rare indications. In the future, new drugs such as antagonists of endothelins or of the antidiuretic hormone may offer new therapeutic options. PMID:9064726

  2. Recovery of chylous pulmonary congestion in tuberous sclerosis complex-associated lymphangioleiomyomatosis.

    Kinoshita, Yoshiaki; Sakamoto, Atsuhiko; Hidaka, Kouko

    2014-01-01

    Chyloptysis and chylous pulmonary congestion are extremely rare complications of lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM). We report a case of a 50-year-old woman with tuberous sclerosis complex-associated LAM, who presented with expectorating milky-white bronchial casts. She was diagnosed with chyloptysis and chylous pulmonary congestion by sputum analysis. Her symptoms and lung infiltration were improved by oral sirolimus therapy; moreover, serum Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) levels paralleled the symptoms and lung infiltration of these complications. We suggest that serum KL-6 may be a useful monitoring biomarker of chyloptysis and chylous pulmonary congestion in LAM. PMID:25326562

  3. Management of ascites in cirrhosis.

    Wong, Florence

    2012-01-01

    Ascites is a common complication of liver cirrhosis associated with a poor prognosis. The treatment of ascites requires dietary sodium restriction and the judicious use of distal and loop diuretics, sequential at an earlier stage of ascites, and a combination at a later stage of ascites. The diagnosis of refractory ascites requires the demonstration of diuretic non-responsiveness, despite dietary sodium restriction, or the presence of diuretic-related complications. Patients with refractory ascites require second-line treatments of repeat large-volume paracentesis (LVP) or the insertion of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS), and assessment for liver transplantation. Careful patient selection is paramount for TIPS to be successful as a treatment for ascites. Patients not suitable for TIPS insertion should receive LVP. The use of albumin as a volume expander is recommended for LVP of >5-6 L to prevent the development of circulatory dysfunction, although the clinical significance of post-paracentesis circulatory dysfunction is still debated. Significant mortality is still being observed in cirrhotic patients with ascites and relatively preserved liver and renal function, as indicated by a lower Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score. It is proposed that patients with lower MELD scores and ascites should receive additional points in calculating their priority for liver transplantation. Potential new treatment options for ascites include the use of various vasoconstrictors, vasopressin V(2) receptor antagonists, or the insertion of a peritoneo-vesical shunt, all of which could possibly improve the management of ascites. PMID:21916992

  4. Ascites: Pathogenesis and therapeutic principles

    Møller, Søren; Henriksen, Jens; Bendtsen, Flemming

    2009-01-01

    Ascites is a classic complication of advanced cirrhosis and it often marks the first sign of hepatic decompensation. Ascites occurs in more than 50% of patients with cirrhosis, worsens the course of the disease, and reduces survival substantially. Portal hypertension, splanchnic vasodilatation...... with large volume paracentesis followed by plasma volume expansion or transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt. Ascites complicated by spontaneous bacterial peritonitis requires adequate treatment with antibiotics. New potential treatment strategies include the use of vasopressin V(2)-receptor...

  5. A case of inflammatory ascites

    Marco Biolato

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Even ascites appears mainly as sign of portal hypertension in patiens with liver cirrhosis, in some case depends on a different lying condition such as right congestive heart failure, peritoneal carcinomatosis or tuberculosis. In these cases, paracentesis represents the key tool for diagnosis. We report a case of cardiac ascites in a 71-years-old woman who developed in four-month an abdominal distension. Preliminary exams showed exudative ascites related to portal hypertension, a pelvic mass with caseous apparence, and inflammatory status ad an elevation of CA-125. Successive evaluation exluded peritoneal carcinomatosis or tuberculosis, underlyng a tricuspidal regurgitation. The literature on ascites has also been reviewed.

  6. Volume -controlled peritoneal drainage for acute ascites resulted abdominal compartment syndrome%控制引流治疗腹腔积液继发腹腔间隙综合征

    梁玉坚; 黄慧敏; 徐玲玲; 张丽丹; 李素萍; 唐雯

    2014-01-01

    目的:观察腹腔置管持续控制引流治疗急性腹腔积液所致儿童腹腔间隙综合征( abdominal compartment syndrome , ACS)的临床疗效。方法回顾性分析2011-05~2013-05收住中山大学附属第一医院PICU的12例急性腹腔积液所致儿童ACS采用腹腔持续置管控制性引流治疗的患儿,并与8例未能接受引流的急性腹腔积液所致儿童ACS病例进行对比。结果12例急性腹腔积液继发ACS 患儿中,病因为腹腔肿瘤破裂出血7例(7/12),肝肾移植术后3例(3/12),尿瘘致尿性腹水2例(2/12)。引流组在治疗前的腹腔压力、脏器受累数量及危重病评分与未引流组比较差异无统计学意义。在ACS患儿中,呼吸道及胃肠道为受累最多的器官,腹腔压力越高,脏器损害数量及病死率越高。引流组较未引流组死亡率明显降低(引流3/12 vs未引流8/8,P<0.001)。腹腔置管引流偶有发生腹腔感染和电解质紊乱的并发症。结论腹腔置管持续控制性引流是一个微创、高效而安全的治疗急性腹腔积液继发ACS的方法,能有效降低IAP,减少脏器损害的发生,大大降低了死亡率,为原发病的救治争取更多的时间。%Objective Intra -abdominal hypertension ( IAH ) has been identified as an independent risk factor for death .The primary goal of this study was to observe the effect of continuous volume -controlled percutaneous catheter drainage ( PCD ) for acute ascites resulted abdominal compartment syndrome ( ACS) .Methods We retrospectively analyzed the treatment effect of volume -controlled PCD in 12 patients with acute ascites resulted ACS from May 2011 to May 2013 in PICU. Eight patients who were treated without PCD were compared .Results Of these 12 enrolled children , 7 cases (7/12) were abdominal tumor rupture, 3 cases (3/12) were post -operation of liver or kidney transplantation and 2 cases ( 2/12 ) were urinary fistula

  7. CYTOLOGICAL DIAGNOSIS OF GELATINOUS ASCITES

    Samith

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP is a condition characte rized by the accumulation of mucinous material in the peritoneal cavity (gela tinous ascites. Pseudomyxoma peritonei is an uncommon condition in which mucinous ascites causes progressive abdominal distension and gastrointestina l dysfunction. We present a case of 44 year old female who presented with gradually progres sive abdominal distension since 6 months. An ascitic tap was performed and the fluid wa s sent for cytological study. Cytology showed pools of acellular mucin. On laparotomy there was mucinous material in the abdomen that was evacuated. Appendix and omentum were found t o be thickened, hence appendicectomy was done and omental biopsy taken. Histopathological diagnosis of well differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma of appendix with rupture and mucinous ascitis was made.

  8. Renal cell carcinoma presenting with malignant ascites

    Jennison, Erica; Wathuge, Gayathri W; Gorard, David A

    2015-01-01

    Lesson It is rare for renal cell carcinoma to involve the peritoneum and cause malignant ascites. Furthermore, it is uncommon for malignant ascites to be a presenting feature of this cancer. An unusual case of renal cell carcinoma presenting with malignant ascites is reported, and its response to sunitinib described.

  9. Pancreatobiliary Reflux Resulting in Pancreatic Ascites and Choleperitoneum after Gallbladder Perforation

    Rachele Rapetti

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available A 65-year-old man with chronic hepatitis C and no history of alcohol abuse was admitted to our liver unit for the recent development of massive ascites and presumed hepatorenal syndrome. In the preceding two weeks, he had received medical treatment for acute pancreatitis and cholecystitis. Abdominal paracentesis demonstrated a cloudy, orange peritoneal fluid, with total protein concentration 3.6 g/dl, serum-ascites albumin gradient 1.0 g/dl, and ratios of ascites-serum bilirubin and amylase approximately 8:1. Diagnostic imaging demonstrated no pancreatic pseudocysts. Ten days later, at laparotomy, acalculous perforation of the gallbladder was identified. After cholecystectomy, amylase concentration in the ascitic fluid dropped within a few days to 40% of serum values; ascites disappeared within a few weeks. We conclude that in the presence of a perforated gallbladder, pancreatobiliary reflux was responsible for this unusual combination of choleperitoneum and pancreatic ascites, which we propose to call pancreatobiliary ascites.

  10. Mesothelial cell inclusions mimicking adenocarcinoma in cervical lymph nodes in association with chylous effusion

    Goyal Manu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Mesothelial cell inclusions in lymph nodes are of rare occurrence and can be mistaken as metastatic adenocarcinomas, mesothelioma or sinus histiocytosis. These are usually found in mediastinal and abdominal lymph nodes and are associated with effusions. We report a case of benign mesothelial cell inclusions in cervical lymph nodes, which was associated with chylous effusion, and immunohistochemistry revealed unusual weak cytoplasmic epithelial membrane antigen positivity in the cells.

  11. Isolated Fetal Ascite Associated with Cardiac Diseases

    Vehbi Doğan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Fetal ascite is defined as fluid accumulation in peritoneal cavity. It can be seen as isolated disease or an early sign of hydrops fetalis. Once fetal ascite is detected, a careful examination for hydops fetalis and possible underlying disease is necessary, since its prognosis and treatment depends mostly on the cause. Non-immunologic fetal ascite is an uncommon problem occurring for many reasons, such as urinary tract obstruction, congenital infections, genetic and metabolic diseases, gastrointestinal diseases and cardiovascular diseases. Here in this report we present two isolated fetal ascite that occurred secondary to cardiac diseases.

  12. Echocardiographic characteristics of chickens with ascites syndrome.

    Deng, G; Zhang, Y; Peng, X; Guo, D; Li, C

    2006-12-01

    1. B- and M-mode echocardiography was used to compare cardiac function in broilers with spontaneous ascites syndrome with that of normal chickens. 2. Thirty ascitic chickens and 15 normal chickens aged three, 4, 5, and 6 weeks from the same flock (180 birds in total) were examined. They were restrained gently in a natural standing position, and echocardiographs were obtained from a 7.0-MHz linear transducer placed on the left pectoral apterium. Indices of cardiac structure and functioning were calculated from the echocardiographs, and some were normalised to body weight. Heart rate was also measured. 3. All cardiac structural indices in both ascitic and normal chickens increased with age. Compared with normal chickens, right ventricular diameter at the end of systole in ascitic chickens was greater at 4, 5 and 6 weeks of age. Ventricular septal thickness at the end of both systole and diastole was greater in ascitic chickens at 5 and 6 weeks. Left ventricular free wall thickness at the end of diastole was less in ascitic chickens at 3 weeks. However, all the structural indices decreased with age after normalisation with body weight. 4. The heart rate of ascitic chickens was lower at 4, 5 and 6 weeks. Normalised left ventricular fractional shortening was lower in ascitic chickens at 4, 5 and 6 weeks, as was normalised right ventricular fractional shortening. Incrassation of the ventricular septum (Delta T), which changed little in normal chickens, was less at 4, 5 and 6 weeks in ascitic chickens. Left ventricular fractional shortening, right ventricular fractional shortening and Delta T were all negatively correlated with ascites heart index at all ages. 5. Taken together the results suggest heart failure of both ventricle, but that right ventricular dysfunction is more extensive than left ventricular dysfunction. We suggest that secondary pulmonary hypertension would result in these ascitic chickens due to volume overload. PMID:17190684

  13. Umbilical hernia rupture with evisceration of omentum from massive ascites: a case report.

    Good, Daniel W

    2011-01-01

    The incidence of hernias is increased in patients with alcoholic liver disease with ascites. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of an acute rise in intra-abdominal pressure from straining for stool as the cause of a ruptured umbilical hernia.

  14. Relation between Ascites Syndrome Incidence and Infectious Bronchitis in Broiler Chickens by ELISA Method

    Adel Feizi

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Infectious bronchitis is an acute viral disease with high contagious and mortality among chicks. The aim of this study was to survey of relation between ascites syndrome incidence and infectious bronchitis in broiler chickens by ELISA method in Iran. Eight Ross strain broiler farm affected by infectious bronchitis were selected in this study. Blood samples were gathered early stages of disease and blood sampling was repeated two times with seven days interval. ELISA serologic test was used for approving the determination of infectious bronchitis. In addition, in order to differential diagnosis of Newcastle and influenza (H9N2 some relevant experiments were conducted. The rate of mortality in any farm during rearing, autopsy and the cause of mortality were recorded. Ascites cases were calculated in terms of prevalence. The growth parameters, FCR, final weight, total consumption of grain at each farm were calculated and mentioned. Based on obtained results in this study, the mean rate of mortality caused by ascites syndrome has been increased meaningfully in herds affected by infectious bronchitis compared with control group. In eight understudied farms affected by infectious bronchitis, the mean rate of Ascites mortality was 3% such that the mean rate of Ascites mortality was 0.5% at previous periods. Based on relevant results also final weight mean in affected herds with infectious bronchitis was lower compared with previous periods. Meanwhile, FCR in affected herds with infectious bronchitis was high compared with healthy herds. In this research demonstrated that there is positive correlation between infectious bronchitis and Ascites syndrome and the correlation is significant (p<0.05.

  15. Pseudomembranous colitis: an unusual cause of neutrocytic ascites.

    Spahr, L; de Saussure, P; Felley, C; Pugin, J; Hadengue, A

    1999-07-01

    Severe cases of pseudomembranous colitis (PMC) may be associated with intraperitoneal fluid accumulation. However, the characteristics of the liquid are seldom described. Specifically, neutrocytic ascites has only been reported once. We report a case of a severe PMC complicated by a highly neutrocytic ascites which remained culture-negative. We discuss the possible mechanisms leading to ascites formation in this condition and review ascitic fluid characteristics in patients with PMC. PMID:10445802

  16. Relation between Ascites Syndrome Incidence and Infectious Bronchitis in Broiler Chickens by ELISA Method

    Adel Feizi; Mehrdad Nazeri

    2011-01-01

    Infectious bronchitis is an acute viral disease with high contagious and mortality among chicks. The aim of this study was to survey of relation between ascites syndrome incidence and infectious bronchitis in broiler chickens by ELISA method in Iran. Eight Ross strain broiler farm affected by infectious bronchitis were selected in this study. Blood samples were gathered early stages of disease and blood sampling was repeated two times with seven days interval. ELISA serologic test was used fo...

  17. Quantitative modeling of the physiology of ascites in portal hypertension

    Levitt David G

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Although the factors involved in cirrhotic ascites have been studied for a century, a number of observations are not understood, including the action of diuretics in the treatment of ascites and the ability of the plasma-ascitic albumin gradient to diagnose portal hypertension. This communication presents an explanation of ascites based solely on pathophysiological alterations within the peritoneal cavity. A quantitative model is described based on experimental vascular and intraperitoneal pressures, lymph flow, and peritoneal space compliance. The model's predictions accurately mimic clinical observations in ascites, including the magnitude and time course of changes observed following paracentesis or diuretic therapy.

  18. An Extremely Uncommon Case of Parasitic Infection Presenting as Eosinophilic Ascites in a Young Patient

    Kemal Oncu

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available We report the case of a 24-year-old male patient admitted for recent ascites and splenomegaly of unknown origin. The patient was referred to our institution with complaints of diarrhea, epigastric pain, abdominal cramping and weight loss over the past three weeks. The acute onset presented with colicky abdominal pain and peritoneal effusion. History revealed reduced appetite and weight gain of 7 kg over the last one month. His past medical history and family history was negative. He had no history of alcohol abuse or viral hepatitis infection. Laboratory data revealed normal transaminases and bilirubin levels, and alkaline phosphatase and gammaglutamyltransferase were within normal range. A diagnostic laparoscopy was performed which showed free peritoneal fluid and normal abdominal viscera. Upper gastrointestinal system endoscopy performed a few days later revealed diffuse severe erythematous pangastritis and gastroduodenal gastric reflux. Duodenal biopsies showed chronic nonspecific duodenitis. Antrum and corpus biopsies showed chronic gastritis. The ascitic fluid was straw-colored and sterile with 80% eosinophils. Stool exam was negative for parasitic infection. Treatment with albendazole 400 mg twice daily for 5 days led to the disappearance of ascites and other signs and symptoms. Three months after albendazole treatment the eosinophilic cell count was normal. The final diagnosis was consistent with parasitic infection while the clinical, sonographic and histological findings suggested an eosinophilic ascites. We emphasize the importance of excluding parasitic infection in all patients with eosinophilic ascites. We chose an alternative way (albendazole treatment to resolve this clinical picture. With our alternative way for excluding this parasitic infection, we treated the patient and then found the cause.

  19. Clinical studies of hepatocellular carcinoma with liver cirrhosis and ascites.

    Yuasa,Shiro

    1984-06-01

    Full Text Available A comparison was made of the clinical findings of 59 patients with liver cirrhosis (LC accompanied with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC (of which 35 had ascites and 24 did not at the time of admission and 164 patients with LC, but without HCC (of which 39 had ascites and 125 did not. HCC patients were older and more often had hepatomegaly, vascular spider and pleural effusion than LC patients. Ascites was more frequently observed in HCC than in LC patients when the serum albumin level and the indocyanine green disappearance rate were relatively well maintained and when peripheral edema was absent. There was no difference in the ascitic protein concentration between LC and HCC patients. Malignant cells were detected in ascites only in 14% of the HCC patients. These facts indicate the presence of ascites-inducing factors in HCC patients which have no direct relation to serum colloid osmotic pressure and effective hepatic blood flow. Almost all of the HCC patients with ascites (96% died with ascites, whereas 54% of the LC patients with ascites recovered from the ascitic condition.

  20. [Treatment of ascites in cirrhotic patients].

    Elizalde, I; Zozaya, J M

    2001-09-01

    Ascites is the most frequent complication of hepatic cirrhosis and its appearance brings a reduction of survival. The treatment aims to mobilise the intraperitoneal liquid and to prevent its reaccumulation. The first step of treatment includes rest in bed, a hyposodic and spironolactone diet, alone or in combination with furosemide or torasemide. However, 10-20% of patients do not respond to treatment or develop adverse effects that limit its use, which is termed refractory ascites. These patients must be considered as possible candidates for a liver transplant and, when this is not possible, the chosen treatment is total paracentesis with an intravenous infusion of albumin. In patients who do not tolerate paracentesis, or who require its realisation with great frequency, other therapeutic options can be evaluated, such as surgical anastomoses, intrahepatic portosystemic percutaneous derivation and, in the final instance, peritoneo-venous shunt. PMID:12876580

  1. [Favourable course of persisting malignant ascites].

    Stange, Rainer; Jänsch, Annette; Schrag, Sabine; Pflugbeil, Christine; Schlodder, Dietrich; Pandey-Hoffmann, Ursula; Uehleke, Bernhard

    2009-02-01

    Malignant ascites is a frequent complication in oncological diseases. There are no standard therapies for any primary tumour. We report the case of a woman, aged 49 years at the time of primary diagnosis, who suffered from recurrent ascites resulting from liver metastasis of breast cancer. Based on the literature and former experience of our department, mistletoe extract was repeatedly applied intraperitoneally at the occasion of decompressive punctures. The further course of the disease suggests a significant role of mistletoe in achieved symptom control, which also resulted in a considerable improvement in quality of life. The mistletoe solution was well tolerated. Relevant mechanisms of action in addition to the well-known immunomodulating properties of mistletoe could be direct cytotoxic and adjuvant effects to the concomitantly administered chemotherapy of carboplatin/paclitaxel. PMID:19295230

  2. Eosinophilic gastroenteritis with ascites and hepatic dysfunction

    Hai-Bo Zhou; Jin-Ming Chen; Qin Du

    2007-01-01

    Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is a rare gastrointestinal disorder with eosinophilic infiltration of the gastrointestinal wall and various gastrointestinal dysfunctions. Diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion and exclusion of various disorders that are associated with peripheral eosinophilia.We report a case of eosinophilic gastroenteritis, which had features of the predominant subserosal type presenting with ascites and hepatic dysfunction, and which responded to a course of low-dose steroid.

  3. Ascites syndrome in broilers: physiological and nutritional perspectives.

    Baghbanzadeh, A; Decuypere, E

    2008-04-01

    Broiler chickens are intensively selected for productive traits. The management of these highly productive animals must be optimal to allow their full genetic potential to be expressed. If this is not done, inefficient production and several metabolic diseases such as ascites become apparent. The causes of the ascites are multifactorial but diet and, particularly, interactions between diet, other environmental and genetic factors play an important role. The relatively high heritability estimates for ascites-related traits and the significance of maternal genetic effects for most of the traits indicate that direct and maternal genetic effects play an important role in development of the ascites syndrome. An imbalance between oxygen supply and the oxygen required to sustain rapid growth rates and high food efficiencies causes ascites in broiler chickens. Because of the relationship to oxygen demand, ascites is affected and/or precipitated by factors such as growth rate, altitude (hypoxia) and environmental temperature. As the high metabolic rate (fast growth) is a major factor contributing to the susceptibility of broilers to ascites, early-age feed or nutrient restriction (qualitative or quantitative) or light restriction in order to slow down the growth rate seem practically viable methods, since final body weight is not compromised. Manipulation of the diet composition and/or feed allocation system can have a major effect on the incidence of ascites. Optimization of the house temperature and ventilation in cold weather seem helpful practices to decrease ascites incidence. PMID:18393088

  4. Umbilical hernia rupture with evisceration of omentum from massive ascites: a case report

    Good, Daniel W

    2011-05-03

    Abstract Introduction The incidence of hernias is increased in patients with alcoholic liver disease with ascites. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of an acute rise in intra-abdominal pressure from straining for stool as the cause of a ruptured umbilical hernia. Case presentation An 81-year-old Caucasian man with a history of alcoholic liver disease presented to our emergency department with an erythematous umbilical hernia and clear, yellow discharge from the umbilicus. On straining for stool, after initial clinical assessment, our patient noted a gush of fluid and evisceration of omentum from the umbilical hernia. An urgent laparotomy was performed with excision of the umbilicus and devitalized omentum. Conclusion We report the case of a patient with a history of alcoholic liver disease with ascites. Ascites causes a chronic increase in intra-abdominal pressure. A sudden increase in intra-abdominal pressure, such as coughing, vomiting, gastroscopy or, as in this case, straining for stool can cause rupture of an umbilical hernia. The presence of discoloration, ulceration or a rapid increase in size of the umbilical hernia signals impending rupture and should prompt the physician to reduce the intra-abdominal pressure.

  5. Evaluation and treatment of malignant ascites secondary to gastric cancer.

    Maeda, Hiromichi; Kobayashi, Michiya; Sakamoto, Junichi

    2015-10-21

    Malignant ascites affects approximately 10% of patients with gastric cancer (GC), and poses significant difficulties for both patients and clinicians. In addition to the dismal general condition of affected patients and the diversity of associated complications such as jaundice and ileus, problems in assessing scattered tumors have hampered the expansion of clinical trials for this condition. However, the accumulation of reported studies is starting to indicate that the weak response to treatment in GC patients with malignant ascites is more relevant to their poor prognosis rather than to the ascites volume at diagnosis. Therefore, precise assessment of initial state of ascites, repetitive evaluation of treatment efficacy, selection of suitable treatment, and swift transition to other treatment options as needed are paramount to maximizing patient benefit. Accurately determining ascites volume is the crucial first step in clinically treating a patient with malignant ascites. Ultrasonography is commonly used to identify the existence of ascites, and several methods have been proposed to estimate ascites volume. Reportedly, the sum of the depth of ascites at five points (named "five-point method") on three panels of computed tomography images is well correlated to the actual ascites volume and/or abdominal girth. This method is already suited to repetitive assessment due to its convenience compared to the conventional volume rendering method. Meanwhile, a new concept, "Clinical Benefit Response in GC (CBR-GC)", was recently introduced to measure the efficacy of chemotherapy for malignant ascites of GC. CBR-GC is a simple and reliable patient-oriented evaluation system based on changes in performance status and ascites, and is expected to become an important clinical endpoint in future clinical trials. The principal of treatment for GC patients with ascites is palliation and prevention of ascites-related symptoms. The treatment options are various, including a

  6. Study on Mechanism of Ascites Syndrome of Broilers

    J. L. Guo

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Two hundred and forty male Cobb broilers were used to study the reasons of causing ascites. The results showed that cold ambient temperature could induce ascites (33.89% vs. 2.50% and significantly increase triiodothyronine (T3, but reduce thyroxine (T4 concentrations in plasma (p+, but low concentrations of T3 and T4 in the plasma (p<0.05. The lower body weight and higher relative heart, lung and liver weight of the ascitic broilers demonstrated the metabolic disarrangement. When ascites occurred, hematocrit in blood increased significantly (p<0.05. The mash feed could reduce body weight and the onset of ascites, compared with the pellet feed.

  7. A Rare Case of Ascites due to Peritoneal Amyloidosis.

    Stofer, Fernanda; Barretto, Maria Fernanda; Gouvea, Ana Luisa; Ribeiro, Mario; Neves, Marcio; Gismondi, Ronaldo Altenburg; Mocarzel, Luís Otavio

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND The clinical manifestations of amyloidosis depend on the type of insoluble protein as well as the location of amyloid deposits in tissues or organs. In the gastrointestinal tract, the small intestine is the most common site of amyloid deposits, whereas peritoneal involvement and ascites are rare. CASE REPORT We report on a case of ascites due to peritoneal amyloidosis. A 65-year-old patient was admitted to our institution due to anasarca and pulmonary congestion, mimicking heart failure. We started the patient on diuretics and vasodilators. Despite improvement in pulmonary congestion and peripheral edema, his ascites was not reduced. Echocardiogram revealed restrictive cardiomyopathy and a speckle-tracking pattern suggestive of cardiac amyloidosis. Subcutaneous and peritoneal biopsies revealed amyloidosis. CONCLUSIONS Amyloidosis is rare in the peritoneum and is usually asymptomatic. Ascites occurs in only 20% of patients with peritoneal amyloidosis. We searched PubMed using "ascites" and "amyloidosis" and identified only eight case reports of amyloidosis with ascites. Physicians should be particularly careful in heart failure and anasarca cases when ascites is disproportional or not responsive to diuretic treatment. To date, there is no specific treatment for peritoneal amyloidosis. PMID:27353538

  8. Clinical significance of computed tomography on management for severe acute pancreatitis

    We studied whether CT findings would be useful for the judgement of severity and treatment of acute pancreatitis in eight patients who had been diagnosed as having acute severe pancreatitis CT findings objectively revealed where and to what extent such inflammatory reactions of acute pancreatitis as massive retroperitoneal fluid collection and ascites appeared. Those results agreed to abdominal physical findings including Blumberg's sign, muscular defense, paralytic ileus and ascites. When pancreatic fluid collection is prominent, early surgical therapy was effective. (author)

  9. Intraperitoneal pressure: ascitic fluid and splanchnic vascular pressures, and their role in prevention and formation of ascites

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl; Stage, J G; Schlichting, P; Winkler, K

    1980-01-01

    Seventeen patients with ascites due to cirrhosis underwent hepatic venous catheterization and pressure measurement in the ascitic fluid. Intraperitoneal fluid hydrostatic pressure (IFP) ranged 3.5-22, mean 11.2 mm Hg, and correlated closely to the pressure in the inferior vena cava (r = 0.97, P <...... fluid pressure, (b) decreased interstitial fluid colloid osmotic pressure, (c) increased lymph flow, and it is concluded that the peritoneal space can be considered as a special part of the interstitium in which IFP is considered to play an important role in regulation of ascitic fluid....

  10. [A simple peritoneovenous shunt in the treatment of chronic ascites].

    Pafko, P; Hladík, P

    2001-02-01

    The authors describe their own initial experience with a peritoneo-venous shunt in otherwise incurable ascites. It is a simple procedure which is more satisfactory than the formerly used technique of implantation of Le Veen's system. PMID:12881921

  11. [Sapheno-peritoneal shunt for the treatment of ascites].

    Nagy, Z; Gyurkovics, E; Kaliszky, P; Kupcsulik, P

    2001-08-01

    For the surgical treatment of drug resistant ascites caused by hepatic cirrhosis usually different types of valvular plastic tubes are used, implanted as peritoneo-venous shunts. These shunts drain the ascites into the jugular vein. In the 1st Surgical Department of the Semmelweis University Budapest we have performed 267 peritoneo-venous shunt operations. We introduced a new method using an autolog venous graft with a peritoneo-venous anastomosis, that drains the ascites into the saphenous, then femoral vein. So far we performed 5 such interventions. The early results suggest that sapheno-peritoneal shunt can be successfully used for treatment of ascites. With this operation complications of plastic grafts are avoidable. PMID:11550492

  12. An Ovarian Steroid Cell Tumor Causing Virilization and Massive Ascites

    Kim, Young Tae; Kim, Sang Wun; Yoon, Bo Sung; Kim, Sung Hoon; Kim, Jae Hoon; Kim, Jae Wook; Cho, Nam Hoon

    2007-01-01

    Steroid cell tumors, not otherwise specified (NOS), are rare ovarian sex cord-stromal tumors with malignant potential. The majority of these tumors produce several steroids, particularly testosterone. Various virilizing symptoms such as hirsutism, temporal balding, and amenorrhea are common in these patients; however massive ascites is an infrequent symptom. A 52-year-old woman with the sudden onset of virilization and massive ascites presented for treatment at Severance Hospital. After clini...

  13. Ascitic starch phagocytosis in experimental guinea-pig peritonitis.

    Grant, J. B.; Davies, J. D.

    1981-01-01

    Phagocytosis of starch granules in ascitic fluid was sought in guinea-pigs 1 to 10 days after i.p. injection of a suspension of starch powder. Starch phagocytosis occurred in 75.9% of control animals with free peritoneal fluid. It probably represents a nonspecific reaction to the particulate nature of starch granules. Guinea-pigs sensitized to starch by nuchal inoculation of an emulsion of Freund's adjuvant and starch showed no increase in frequency or intensity of ascitic starch phagocytosis...

  14. Clinical Meaning of Ascites in Patients with Endomyocardial Fibrosis

    Barretto Antonio Carlos Pereira

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical meaning of ascites and the main features of patients with ascites and endomyocardial fibrosis. METHODS: We studied 166 patients with endomyocardial fibrosis (mean age 37 years, 114 women treated over the last 20 years. Ventriculography findings, surgery or necropsy confirmed the diagnosis in all patients. Most patients belonged to New York Heart Association Functional Class III/IV (134, 83.7%. Eighty-one (50.6% had biventricular, 28 (17.5% had right ventricular, and 51 (31.8% had left ventricular involvement. During follow-up, 56 patients died. RESULTS: Ascites was present in 67 (41.8% patients, and right ventricular involvement was present in 59 (88%. In the comparison between patients with or without ascites, those with ascites had higher mortality (49.2% and 24.7%, respectively. Patients with ascites had a higher incidence of edema (95% vs. 43%, hepatomegaly (5.8cm vs. 4.1cm, mean right atrium pressure (19.3 vs. 12mmHg, and final right ventricle diastolic pressure (18.7 vs. 12.9mmHg. Also, patients with ascites had a longer history of illness (5.1 and 3.9 years, respectively and had atrial fibrillation more frequently (44.7% vs. 30.1%. CONCLUSION: Ascites was observed in less than 50% of cases of endomyocardial fibrosis and was associated with greater involvement of the right ventricle and with a longer duration of the disease, thus being a characteristic of a worse prognosis.

  15. Radionuclide Peritoneal Scintigraphy in Patients with Ascites and Pleural Effusion

    Simultaneous presence of ascites and pleural effusion has been documented in patients with cirrhosis of the liver, renal disease, Meigs' syndrome and in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis. Mechanisms proposed in the formation of pleural effusion in most of the above diseases are lymphatic drainage and diaphragmatic defect. But sometimes, hepatic hydrothoraxes in the absence of clinical ascites and pleural effusion secondary to pulmonary or cardiac disease are noted. It is not always possible to differentiate between pleural effusion caused by transdiaphragmatic migration of ascites and by other causes based solely on biochemical analysis. Authors performed radionuclide scintigraphy after intraperitoneal administration of 99mTc-labeled colloid in 23 patients with both ascites and pleural effusion in order to discriminate causative mechanisms responsible for pleural effusion. Scintigraphy demonstrated the transdiaphtagmatic flow of fluid from the peritoneum to pleural cavities in 13 patients correctly. In contrast, in 5 patients with pleural effusion secondary to pulmonary, pleural and cardiac diseases, radiotracers fail to traverse the diaphragm and localize in the pleural space. Ascites draining to mediastinal lymph nodes and blocked passage of lymphatic drainage were also clarified, additionally. Conclusively, radionuclide peritoneal scintigraphy is an accurate, rapid and easy diagnostic tool in patients with both ascites and pleural effusion. It enables the causes of pleural effusion to be elucidated, as well as providing valuable information required when determining the appropriate therapy.

  16. Caffeine causes pulmonary hypertension syndrome (ascites) in broilers.

    Kamely, M; Torshizi, M A Karimi; Rahimi, S; Wideman, R F

    2016-04-01

    Pulmonary hypertension syndrome (PHS), or ascites, is characterized by elevated pulmonary arterial pressure and pulmonary vascular resistance accompanied by right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) and fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity. Experimental models are required for triggering PHS to study the pathogenesis of this syndrome and to select resistant genetic lines. Caffeine increases vascular resistance and promotes systemic hypertension in mammals, but a similar effect of caffeine on the pulmonary circulation had not previously been demonstrated. Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the impact of caffeine alone (Exp. 1) or in combination with cold temperature (Exp. 2) on parameters associated with PHS in young broiler chicks. In Exp. 1, 288 chicks were distributed among 24 pens and brooded at standard environmental temperatures, and on d 3 through 42 caffeine was added to the water at doses of 0 (control), 6.25, 12.5, 25, 50, and 100 mg/(kg BW·d). In Exp. 2, 192 chicks were distributed among 16 pens and brooded at cool environmental temperatures, and on d 3 through 42 caffeine was added to the water at doses of 0 (control), 15, 30, and 45 mg/(kg BW·d). In Exp. 1 caffeine administered at or above 12.5 mg/(kg BW·d) induced severe PHS and resulted in acute mortality and RVH ( broilers exposed to cold temperatures remarkably exhibited PHS incidences and developed RVH with right ventricular to total ventricular weight ratios of 30% or greater. Moreover, hematocrit significantly increased because of caffeine supplementation in cool ambient temperature ( = 0.002). Our data demonstrate that caffeine induces high incidences of PHS in broilers, which is exacerbated by exposure to low temperatures. PMID:27136008

  17. Incidence of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in patients with ascites. Diagnostic value of white blood cell count and pH measurement in ascitic fluid

    Storgaard, J S; Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup; Hegnhøj, J;

    1991-01-01

    During a 21-month period, 65 consecutive patients admitted with ascites were included in a prospective study of the incidence of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, and paracentesis was performed on admission. The ascitic fluid was cultured, ascitic leucocytes were counted and pH was measured...... patients with SBP. In contrast to several previous studies, neither ascites pH nor ascites leucocyte counts were any help in obtaining a rapid diagnosis. Survival time of patients with SBP was significantly shorter than of patients without SBP....

  18. Generation of hydroxyl radicals during ascites experimentally induced in broilers.

    Arab, H A; Jamshidi, R; Rassouli, A; Shams, G; Hassanzadeh, M H

    2006-04-01

    Increased metabolic rates, pulmonary hypertension and cardiac dysfunction are the most important features of the ascites syndrome in broiler chickens. However, the mechanism of cell injury causing the pathogenesis of the syndrome is not clearly understood. Our study aimed to examine the generation of hydroxyl radicals (OH*) in broiler chickens experiencing ascites. The hundred and fifty 1-d-old chickens were purchased from a local hatchery and reared in an open poultry house for 46 d. They were divided at random into three groups and ascites was induced in two groups by exposing them to low temperature or administration of triiodothyronine (T(3)). The third group served as control and was reared normally. Haematological, biochemical and pathological tests were used to determine the incidence of ascites: including total red blood cell (RBC), packed cell volume (PCV), release of alanine transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) and ratio of right ventricular weight to total ventricular weight (RV/TV). A salicylate hydroxylation method was used to examine the generation of hydroxyl radicals (OH*) in treated groups. TWo hydroxylated salicylic acid metabolites, 2,3- and 2,5-dihydroxy benzoic acid (2,3- and 2,5-DHBA), were measured by HPLC to detect the generation of OH*. An ascites syndrome was observed in T(3) and low-temperature treated groups, as shown by necropsy changes and increases in f RBC, PCV, ALT, AST and the ratio of RV/TV. Concentrations of 2,3- and 2,5-DHBA were increased in groups experiencing ascites compared to control group. It is suggested that reactive oxygen species that is OH* ions, may be involved in the pathogenesis of the ascites syndrome in broiler chickens. PMID:16641033

  19. Optic chiasm glioma, electrolyte abnormalities, nonobstructive hydrocephalus and ascites.

    Shuper, A; Horev, G; Michovitz, S; Korenreich, L; Zaizov, R; Cohen, I J

    1997-07-01

    A 4-year-old girl with optic chiasm glioma (OCG), nonobstructive hydrocephalus and ventriculoperitoneal shunt is described, in whom marked ascites developed. The ascitic fluid was protein-rich and its amount correlated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) protein. The CSF protein level and the amount of ascitic fluid were influenced by chemotherapy. Very unusual hypernatremia, up to 190 mEq/l with no associated alteration in mental status, was also found. It is suggested that altered absorption ability owing to the high protein content was the cause of both the nonobstructive hydrocephalus and the ascites. The unusual well being with very high sodium concentrations may have resulted from osmoreceptor dysfunction, presumably caused by hypothalamic involvement as well as by the high CSF protein. This combination of findings may point toward specific characteristics of OCG. In an effort to reduce the amount of the ascitic fluid, a further chemotherapeutic trial may be done, before converting the shunt to the vetriculoatrial system. PMID:9142203

  20. ROS Induce Cardiomyocyte Apoptosis in Ascitic Broiler Chickens

    Zhaofang Xi§, Shijin Yang§, Dongyang Liu, Liming Wu, Xiaodong Liu, Jing Zhao and Dingzong Guo*

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available It is believed that ascitic broilers die of right heart failure caused by pulmonary hypertension, but the underlying mechanisms of right heart failure are unknown. However, recent studies have shown that reactive oxygen species have the ability to damage heart cells. This study aimed to determine the changes of reactive oxygen species in serum and plasma, and the effect of this variation on myocardial cells during broiler ascites. We used hypoxia and a low-temperature method to induce broiler ascites in the fast-growing group. For controls, we treated a slow-growing group of broilers with 70% restricted feeding under the same circumstances as the fast-growing group. The results showed that hypoxia is a more effective and better way to induce broiler ascites than a low-temperature environment and high growth rate. In addition, reactive oxygen species levels were significantly increased in the fast-growing group compared with those in the slow-growing group. This significant increase in reactive oxygen species resulted in myocardial cell apoptosis in the fast-growing group. Our results suggest that cardiomyocyte apoptosis caused by increased reactive oxygen species levels of ascitic broilers is one of the most important reasons for causing heart failure.

  1. Reduction of ascites mortality in broilers by coenzyme Q10.

    Geng, A L; Guo, Y M; Yang, Y

    2004-09-01

    Effects of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplementation on growth performance and ascites were studied in broilers. One hundred eighty 1-d-old Arbor Acre male broiler chicks were randomly allocated into 3 groups with 6 replicates each. From d 8, the diets were supplemented with CoQ10 at levels of 0, 20, and 40 mg/kg, respectively. From d 15 to 21, all the chicks were exposed to low ambient temperature (15 to 18 degrees C) to induce ascites. Average feed intake, BW gain, and feed conversion ratio of the broilers during 0 to 3 wk, 3 to 6 wk, and 0 to 6 wk were measured. The results showed that there were no influences observed on broilers' growth performance, but the mortality due to ascites was reduced by CoQ10 supplementation (P Ascites heart index (AHI) was significantly decreased by 40 mg/kg CoQ10 supplementation (P ascites mortality in broilers, and 40 mg/kg CoQ10 seems to be more effective than 20 mg/ kg CoQ10. PMID:15384911

  2. Beta-blockers in cirrhosis and refractory ascites

    Kimer, Nina; Feineis, Martin; Møller, Søren;

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: It is currently discussed if beta-blockers exert harmful effects and increase mortality in patients with cirrhosis and refractory ascites. In this study, we provide an overview of the available literature in this field in combination with a retrospective analysis of 61 patients with...... trials (9 trials on propranolol, 1 case-control study and 4 retrospective analyses) were identified. One trial suggested an increased mortality in patients treated with beta-blockers and refractory ascites. The results of the remaining trials were inconclusive. No increase in mortality among beta-blocker......-treated patients was found in the present retrospective analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with beta-blockers may increase mortality in patients with cirrhosis and refractory ascites. However, the current evidence is sparse and high-quality studies are warranted to clarify the matter....

  3. Radiologically placed tunneled peritoneal catheter in palliation of malignant ascites

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the safety and effectiveness of radiologically placed tunneled peritoneal catheter in palliation of malignant ascites. Between July 2005 and June 2009, 41 tunneled peritoneal catheters were placed under ultrasonographic and fluoroscopic guidance in 40 patients (mean age, 55 years; 22 women) who had symptomatic malignant ascites. No procedure related mortality was observed. Major complication occurred in one patient (2.5%) in the form of serious bacterial peritonitis that necessitated catheter removal. Minor complications such as minor bacterial peritonitis, catheter dislodgement, tunnel infection, and catheter blockage occurred in 11 patients (27.5%). The mean duration of survival after catheter placement was 11.8 weeks. All patients expired of their primary malignancies in the follow-up. Radiologically placed tunneled peritoneal catheter is safe and effective in palliation of symptomatic malignant ascites.

  4. Progress in treatment of massive ascites and hepatorenal syndrome

    Alexander L Gerbes; Veit Gulberg

    2006-01-01

    Massive ascites and hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) are frequent complications of liver cirrhosis. Thus, effective therapy is of great clinical importance. This concise review provides an update of recent advances and new developments. Therapeutic paracentesis can be safely performed even in patients with severe coagulopathy.Selected patients with a refractory or recurrent ascites are good candidates for non-surgical portosystemic shunts (TIPS) and may have a survival benefit and improvement of quality of life. Novel pharmaceutical agents mobilizing free water (aquaretics) are currently under test for the therapeutic potential in patients with ascites.Prophylaxis of hepatorenal syndrome in patients with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is recommended and should be considered in patients with alcoholic hepatitis. Liver transplantation is the best therapeutic option with long-term survival benefit for patients with HRS. To bridge the time until transplantation, TIPS or Terlipressin and albumin are good options. Albumin dialysis can not be recommended outside prospective trials.

  5. [Massive endocardial thrombosis in a patient with a peritoneo-jugular shunt for refractory ascites: the therapeutic success of tissue plasminogen activator and defibrotide].

    Sacchetti, C; Pederzoli, S; Tamborrino, E; Grandi, M

    1994-01-01

    The authors report a case of a patient with a refractory ascites due to extrahepatic portal thrombosis in course of idiopathic thrombocythemia. A peritoneovenous shunt was applied and as a late complication a massive thrombosis of the intracardiac portion of the duct developed. Thrombolysis was obtained with tissue plasminogen activator at doses usually administered for acute myocardial infarction. Prophylaxis of recurrence was pursued with pictomide and defibrotide. PMID:8079040

  6. Ascites alone as the presentation of Congenital Tuberculosis

    S Purkait

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Congenital tuberculosis is a rare disease. It usually presents with respiratory distress, fever and organomegaly. We report a case of congenital tuberculosis presenting with ascites only.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/jcmsn.v10i1.12766 Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal, 2014, Vol.10(1; 37-40

  7. Increased calcium deposits and decreased Ca2+ -ATPase in erythrocytes of ascitic broiler chickens.

    Li, Kai; Zhao, Lihong; Geng, Guangrui; Ma, Liqin; Dong, Shishan; Xu, Tong; Wang, Jianlin; Wang, Huiyu; Tian, Yong; Qiao, Jian

    2011-06-01

    The decrease of erythrocyte deformability may be one of the predisposing factors for pulmonary hypertension and ascites in broiler chickens. In mammals, the cytoplasmic calcium is a major regulator of erythrocyte deformability. In this study, the erythrocyte deformability was measured, and the precise locations of Ca2+ and Ca2+ -ATPase in the erythrocytes were investigated in chickens with ascites syndrome induced by low ambient temperature. The results showed that ascitic broilers had higher filtration index of erythrocyte compared with control groups, indicating a decrease in erythrocyte deformability in ascitic broilers. The more calcium deposits were observed in the erythrocytes of ascitic broilers compared with those of the age-matched control birds. The Ca2+ -ATPase reactive grains were significantly decreased on the erythrocyte membranes of ascitic broilers. Our data suggest that accumulation of intracellular calcium and inhibition of Ca2+ -ATPase might be important factors for the reduced deformability of the erythrocytes of ascitic broilers. PMID:20728193

  8. Cancer Antigen-125 as a Marker of Ascites in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis

    Objective: To evaluate the correlation between Cancer Antigen-25 (CA-125) levels with the amount of ascites in patients with liver cirrhosis. Study Design: Observational, analytical study. Place and Duration of Study: Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad, from March 2012 to February 2013. Methodology: A total of 130 patients with liver cirrhosis (with and without ascites) had serum CA-125 levels measured. The amount of ascites was classified according to physical examination and ultrasound (USG) findings. CA-125 levels were compared and correlated with amount of ascites. Results: Majority of patients (57%) had hepatitis C virus and 60% were in class Child Pugh C. There was moderate correlation between amount of ascites and CA-125 levels (r = 0.642, p < 0.001) with significant raised levels of CA-125 in patients with ascites (p < 0.001). Conclusion: There was a moderate correlation between CA-125 levels and presence and amount of ascites. (author)

  9. [Role of surgical therapy in the treatment of refractory ascites].

    Pisani Ceretti, A; Intra, M; Borzio, M; Santambrogio, R; Opocher, E; Ballarini, C; Cordovana, A; Motta, R; Spina, G P

    1997-11-01

    In 5-10% of cases ascites is not controlled by medical therapy and is defined refractory. These patients may be submitted to one of the four following surgical options: portal-systemic shunt, peritoneo-venous shunt, transjugular intrahepatic portal-systemic shunt, orthotopic liver transplantation. Although the portal-systemic shunt is efficient in clearing ascites, it does not improve the survival, which depends on liver function, and it is complicated by an important incidence of encephalopathy. Since the patients with refractory ascites and good hepatic risk are not usually many, it is possible to understand why derivative surgery has been disappointing with this indication. Although the peritoneo-venous shunt is associated with a significant rate of valve obstruction, it is an easy, effective and not expensive treatment. So, till now, it has been considered the first choice procedure of refractory ascites, if any situations, determinating the onset of postoperative complications, are not present. Recently a new method has been introduced in the therapy of portal hypertension, the transjugular intrahepatic portal-systemic shunt. This is a bloodless portal-systemic derivation and so it has caused great enthusiasm even if the available data are insufficient to give a definitive opinion on its role in management of ascites. Certainly the liver transplantation, which presents the great advantage to treat both the cirrhosis and its complications, seems to be the most rational therapy for these patients. However, at least for this moment, the well-known absence of organ donors makes still actual the palliative surgical measures. PMID:9489332

  10. Growth rate of ascites-resistant versus ascites-susceptible broilers in commercial and experimental lines.

    Druyan, S; Hadad, Y; Cahaner, A

    2008-05-01

    The high growth rate (GR) of contemporary broilers is driven by high rate of feed intake and metabolism. Because of the consequent high oxygen demand, especially when coupled with exposure to high altitude or low temperatures, some broilers fail to regulate oxygen supply and develop the ascites syndrome (AS), which leads to mortality and economic losses. Because of the association between high GR, oxygen demand, and AS, it has been suggested that AS is induced by high GR. If true, further GR enhancement should be avoided because it will increase the proportion of AS-susceptible individuals in contemporary stocks. An alternative hypothesis claims that AS is associated with high actual GR only because the latter increases oxygen demand and that there are genetically AS-resistant broilers that do not develop AS, even when exhibiting high GR. These hypotheses were tested in trials in the years 2002 and 2006, with broilers differing in potential GR: contemporary fast-growing commercial lines and an experimental line derived from commercial broilers in 1986, and (in 2002 only) divergently selected AS-susceptible and AS-resistant lines. A protocol of high-challenge ascites-inducing conditions (AIC) from d 19 was used to distinguish between AS-susceptible and AS-resistant individuals and to determine their GR up to this age. The difference in AS incidence between the divergent lines (93.9 vs. 9.5%) was not explained by the 5% difference in their GR, thus indicating a lack of genetic correlation. In the broiler lines, AS incidence was 31 and 47% in 2002 and 2006, respectively, and 32% in the 1986 slow-growing line. Most broilers that remained healthy under the high-challenge AIC exhibited the same early GR and BW as those that later developed AS. These results, and the relatively high incidence of AS in the slow-growing line, indicate that there is very little, if any, direct genetic association between AS and genetic differences in potential GR, and suggest that AS

  11. Development of ascites-resistant and ascites-susceptible broiler lines.

    Druyan, S; Ben-David, A; Cahaner, A

    2007-05-01

    The rapid growth of modern broilers is associated with enhanced appetite and high metabolic rate and, consequently, high O(2) demand. Ascites syndrome (AS) develops in individuals that fail to fully supply the increasing demand for O(2) in their bodies under ascites-inducing conditions (AIC) such as high altitude or low temperatures. The tendency of broilers to develop AS is heritable, but efficacious selection against AS susceptibility (without affecting the normal expression of other important traits) requires identification of indirect selection criteria. In the present study, divergent AS-susceptible (AS-S) and AS-resistant (AS-R) lines were developed to confirm the heritability of AS and to facilitate future detection of criteria for indirect selection against AS susceptibility. The base population consisted of 85 sire families with a mean of 73 progeny per sire, reared in a commercial broiler house under low-challenge AIC (cold environment and pelleted feed). Chicks dying with AS manifestations were designated AS-susceptible, whereas the surviving birds were designated AS-resistant. By the end of the trial (d 48), AS mortality had accumulated to 17.2%, but AS incidence per family (%ASF) ranged from 0 to 49%, with a high heritability (0.57). Parents of 7 families with very high %ASF produced the first generation (S(1)) of the AS-S line, and parents of 7 families with very low %ASF produced the S(1) of the AS-R line. The S(1) males and females reproduced generation S(2) of the selected lines, whereas additional S(1) males were tested under high-challenge AIC (individual cages, cool wind, and pelleted feed). Progeny testing under this high-challenge AIC, followed by sib selection, was repeated in generations S(2) and S(3), resulting in a divergence of 86.6% in the incidence of AS between the AS-S (91.3%) and AS-R (4.7%) lines. The rapid genetic divergence, and family analysis of %ASF suggested that a single or few major genes are responsible for the difference

  12. Intervention for pleural effusions and ascites following liver transplantation

    Background. Small volumes of fluid in the pleural and peritoneal cavities are common after paediatric liver transplantation. Occasionally, larger fluid collections develop and need intervention by aspiration or insertion of a drain. Objective. To assess the incidence of moderate and large pleural and peritoneal fluid collections following paediatric liver transplantation, the need for intervention and the outcome following radiological and non-radiological treatment, with the ultimate objective of recommending a treatment protocol for such post-operative fluid collections. Materials and methods. A total of 184 consecutive liver grafts in 164 children were reviewed. Results. Of 184 grafts, 31 (16.8 %) developed excessive fluid collections requiring intervention (19 pleural effusions, 8 ascites and 4 effusions and ascites). The effusions were first diagnosed between days 1 and 44 after transplant and the ascites between days 1 and 14. The initial diagnosis was made radiologically in 21 (91 %) of 23 pleural effusions and in 10 (83 %) of 12 ascites. No identifiable cause or association was seen in 18 (58 %) of 31 cases. The mean duration of the pleural effusions and ascites, from onset of treatment to resolution, ranged from 33 ± 42 days (SD) to 35 ± 48 days and from 36 ± 47 days to 39 ± 46 days respectively. Comparison of the modes of interventional treatment (i. e. unguided, radiological and surgical) showed no statistically significant difference in the outcome of the management. Conclusions. Post-transplantation pleural effusions and ascites requiring intervention are often without definite cause. They are more common with reduced grafts, but this cannot completely explain the occurrence or the protracted duration of accumulation in spite of combined interventional management. The outcome of treatment is not significantly influenced by the mode of intervention except in cases where surgical intervention is indicated. Patients could be managed effectively

  13. Leptin levels in the differential diagnosis between benign and malignant ascites

    Mehmet Buyukberber; Mehmet Koruk; M Cemil Savas; Murat T Gulsen; Yavuz Pehlivan; Rukiye Deveci; Alper Sevinc; Serdar Gergerlioglu

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the role of leptin levels in the differential diagnosis of ascites.METHODS: Ascitic leptin, TNFα and serum leptin levels were measured in 77 patients with ascites (35 with malignancies, 30 cirrhosis and 12 tuberculosis). Control serum samples were obtained from 20 healthy subjects.Leptin and TNFα levels were measured by ELISA. Body mass index (BMI) and percentage of body fat (BFM) by skin fold measurement were calculated for all patients and control groups. Peritoneal biopsy, ascites cytology and cultures or biochemical values were used for the diagnosis of patients.RESULTS: In patients with malignancies, the mean serum and ascites leptin levels and their ratios were significantly decreased compared to the other patient groups and controls. In tuberculosis peritonitis, ascitic fluid TNFα levels were significantly higher than malignant ascites and cirrhotic sterile ascites. BMI and BFM values did not distinguish between patients and controls.CONCLUSION: In patients with malignant ascites,levels of leptin and TNFα were significantly lower than in patients with tuberculous ascites.

  14. Selection strategies for body weight and reduced ascites susceptibility in broilers.

    Pakdel, A; Bijma, P; Ducro, B J; Bovenhuis, H

    2005-04-01

    Ascites syndrome is a metabolic disorder in broilers. Mortality due to ascites results in significant economic losses and has a negative impact on animal welfare. It has been shown that genetic factors play a considerable role in susceptibility of birds to ascites, which offers perspectives for selection against this syndrome. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the consequences of alternative selection strategies for BW and resistance to ascites syndrome using deterministic simulation. In addition to the consequences of current selection (i.e., selection for increased BW only) alternative selection strategies including information on different ascites-related traits measured under normal or cold conditions and the consequences of having information on the underlying genes (i.e., MAS) were quantified. Five different breeding schemes were compared based on the selection response for BW, ascites susceptibility, and the rate of inbreeding. Traits investigated in the index as indicators for ascites were hematocrit value (HCT) and ratio of right ventricle to the total ventricular weight of the heart (RV:TV). The results indicated that by ignoring ascites susceptibility in the breeding goal, the gain for BW is 130 g and the birds will become more susceptible to ascites. Testing 50% of the birds under cold temperature conditions and including information of ascites related traits (HCT and RV:TV) measured under normal and cold conditions makes it possible to achieve a relatively high gain for BW (111.4 g) while controlling the genetic level for ascites susceptibility (selection response was 0). The results of scenarios including QTL information of ascites susceptibility showed that QTL information could be used very effectively in controlling ascites susceptibility. PMID:15844807

  15. Variability of hydrostatic hepatic vein and ascitic fluid pressure, and of plasma and ascitic fluid colloid osmotic pressure in patients with liver cirrhosis

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl

    1980-01-01

    plasma and ascitic fluid oncotic pressure, when measured on samples obtained on different days, was 2.0 and 0.6 mmHg, respectively. The error of oncotic pressure calculated from protein determinations was 2.9 and 1.3 mmHg (SD) for plasma and ascitic fluid, respectively. It is concluded that measurements...

  16. Eosinophilic Enteritis with Ascites in a Patient with Overlap Syndrome

    Spyros Aslanidis

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Gastrointestinal involvement is frequent in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE. Eosinophilic gastroenteritis, however, has only rarely been described in rheumatological conditions, despite its reported connection to autoimmune diseases, such as hypereosinophilic syndrome, vasculitides, and systemic mastoidosis. It presents typically with abdominal pain and diarrhea and is only exceptionally associated with ascites. Diagnosis can be problematic, as several other clinical conditions (malignancies, infection/tuberculosis, and inflammatory bowel diseases have to be ruled out. It is basically a nonsurgical disease, with excellent recovery on conservative treatment. We report the rare case of a young woman with overlap syndrome who presented with abdominal pain and ascites. The diagnosis of eosinophilic enteritis was made based on clinical, radiological, and laboratory criteria. The patient was treated with corticosteroids with excellent response.

  17. Transient elastography with the XL probe rapidly identifies patients with nonhepatic ascites

    Mueller S

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Anna Kohlhaas1, Esteban Durango1, Gunda Millonig1, Cecile Bastard2, Laurent Sandrin2, Mohammad Golriz3, Arianeb Mehrabi3, Markus W Büchler3, Helmut Karl Seitz1, Sebastian Mueller11Department of Medicine and Center for Alcohol Research, Liver Disease and Nutrition, Salem Medical Center, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany; 2Department of Research and Development, Echosens, Paris, France; 3Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, GermanyBackground: In contrast with other elastographic techniques, ascites is considered an exclusion criterion for assessment of fibrosis stage by transient elastography. However, a normal liver stiffness could rule out hepatic causes of ascites at an early stage. The aim of the present study was to determine whether liver stiffness can be generally determined by transient elastography through an ascites layer, to determine whether the ascites-mediated increase in intra-abdominal pressure affects liver stiffness, and to provide initial data from a pilot cohort of patients with various causes of ascites.Methods and results: Using the XL probe in an artificial ascites model, we demonstrated (copolymer phantoms surrounded by water that a transient elastography-generated shear wave allows accurate determination of phantom stiffness up to a water lamella of 20 mm. We next showed in an animal ascites model that increased intra-abdominal pressure does not affect liver stiffness. Liver stiffness was then determined in 24 consecutive patients with ascites due to hepatic (n = 18 or nonhepatic (n = 6 causes. The cause of ascites was eventually clarified using routine clinical, imaging, laboratory, and other tools. Valid (75% or acceptable (25% liver stiffness data could be obtained in 23 patients (95.8% with ascites up to an ascites lamella of 39 mm. The six patients (25% with nonhepatic causes of ascites (eg, pancreatitis, peritoneal carcinomatosis had a

  18. [Concentration and reinfusion of ascitic fluid in liver cirrhosis].

    Mian, G; Triolo, L; Magris, D; de Savorgnani, M N; G'Agnolo, B

    1979-09-29

    46 concentration-reinfusion treatments were performed on 36 patients, suffering from refractory ascites for liver cirrhosis. The procedure was well tolerated, improved the status of the patients and enabled diuretic to be effective again, in some cases for as long as two years. The usefulness of infusing autologous, non-denatured proteins in high dosage is stressed. The Authors belive that hepatorenal syndrome, severe hypokaliemia or hyposodemia and encephalopathy are the elective indications for the treatment. PMID:492554

  19. Eosinophilic ascites: A case report and literature review

    Raed M Alsulaiman

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is a rare gastrointestinal (GI disorder characterized by nonspecific GI symptoms, peripheral eosinophilia, and eosinophilic infiltration of the intestinal wall. The disorder is classified into mucosal, muscular, and sub-serosal types, depending on the clinical picture and the depth of eosinophilic infiltration within the GI wall. Sub-serosal disease, which is complicated by ascites, usually results in the most severe clinical form of eosinophilic gastroenteritis and requires early corticosteroid therapy. In such cases, a favorable outcome can be achieved after a short course of corticosteroids. We present the case of a 28-year-old female with diffuse abdominal pain and distention for 2 weeks. Her physical examination was significant for moderate ascites. Initial work-up demonstrated severe peripheral blood eosinophilia, normal liver function tests, and elevated serum immunoglobulin E (IgE. Upper endoscopy, colonoscopy showed a thickening of the stomach and colon, and biopsies showed marked eosinophilic infiltration of the mucosa. Ascitic fluid analysis showed significant eosinophilia. Subsequent treatment with oral prednisone resulted in the normalization of laboratory and radiologic abnormalities 45 days after the start of the treatment. Despite its rarity, eosinophilic gastroenteritis needs to be recognized by the clinician because the disease is treatable, and timely diagnosis and initiation of treatment could be of major importance.

  20. Alteration of the serum microbiome composition in cirrhotic patients with ascites

    Alba Santiago; Marta Pozuelo; Maria Poca; Cristina Gely; Juan Camilo Nieto; Xavier Torras; Eva Román; David Campos; Guillaume Sarrabayrouse; Silvia Vidal; Edilmar Alvarado-Tapias; Francisco Guarner; German Soriano; Chaysavanh Manichanh; Carlos Guarner

    2016-01-01

    The progression of cirrhosis is associated with alterations in the composition of the gut microbiome. To assess microbial translocation, we compared the serum microbial composition of patients with and without ascites and characterized the ascitic fluid microbiome using 16S rDNA high-throughput sequencing data. A complex and specific microbial community was detected in the serum and ascitic fluid of patients with cirrhosis but barely detectable in the serum of healthy controls. The serum micr...

  1. Role of malignant ascites on human mesothelial cells and their gene expression profiles

    Malignant ascites is often present at diagnostic in women with advanced ovarian cancer (OC) and its presence is associated with a worse outcome. Human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) are key components of malignant ascites. Although the interplay between HPMCs and OC cells is believed to be critical for tumor progression, it has not been well characterized. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of ascites on HPMCs and clarify the role of HPMCs in OC progression. Human OC ascites and benign peritoneal fluids were assessed for their ability to stimulate HPMC proliferation. Conditioned medium from ascites- and benign fluid-stimulated HPMCs were compared for their ability to attenuate apoptosis induced by TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). We conducted a comparative analysis of global expression changes in ascites-stimulated HPMCs using Agilent oligonucleotide microarrays. As compared to benign peritoneal fluids, malignant ascites stimulated the proliferation of HPMCs. TRAIL-induced apoptosis was attenuated in OC cells exposed to conditioned medium from ascites-stimulated HPMCs as compared to OC cells exposed to conditioned medium from benign fluid-stimulated HPMCs. A total of 649 genes were differentially expressed in ascites-stimulated HPMCs. Based on a ratio of more than 1.5-fold and a P < 0.05, 484 genes were up-regulated and 165 genes were down-regulated in ascites-exposed HPMCs. Stimulation of HPMCs with OC ascites resulted in differential expression of genes mainly associated with the regulation of cell growth and proliferation, cell death, cell cycle and cell assembly and organization, compared to benign peritoneal fluids. Top networks up-regulated by OC ascites included Akt and NF-κB survival pathways whereas vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) pathway was down-regulated. The results of this study not only provide evidence supporting the importance of the interplay between cancer cells and HPMCs but also define the role

  2. Ascites in chickens. Oxygen consumption and requirement related to its occurrence.

    Scheele, C.W.

    1996-01-01

    The present thesis describes the etiology of heart failure syndrome (HFS) and ascites in broiler chickens.In The Netherlands, ascites, as a cause of mortality in broiler chickens, is increasing steadily. Rates of mortality in broiler flocks in practice, related to HFS and ascites, during a growth period of approximately six weeks, nowadays vary between 2 and 10 percent. This depends on a genetically predisposition of the flock and on effects of environmental factors which can differ between d...

  3. Scintigraphic diagnosis of peritoneo-pleural communication in the absence of ascites.

    Daly, J J; Potts, J M; Gordon, L; Buse, M G

    1994-10-01

    Pleural effusion in the presence of cirrhosis and ascites is well recognized. Peritoneal fluid is thought to enter the pleural cavity either because of overloaded lymphatics or a structural defect between the peritoneal and chest cavities. Pleural effusion rarely occurs in the absence of demonstrable ascites. This report describes the scintigraphic diagnosis of peritoneo-pleural communication in a patient with cryptogenic cirrhosis and pleural effusion without ascites. PMID:7805325

  4. Ascitic microbiota composition is correlated with clinical severity in cirrhosis with portal hypertension

    Rogers, Geraint B.; van der Gast, Christopher J.; Bruce, Kenneth D.; Peter Marsh; Collins, Jane E.; Julian Sutton; Mark Wright

    2013-01-01

    Identification of pathogenic bacteria in ascites correlates with poor clinical outcomes. Ascites samples are commonly reported culture-negative, even where frank infection is indicated. Culture-independent methods have previously reported bacterial DNA in ascites, however, whether this represents viable bacterial populations has not been determined. We report the first application of 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing and quantitative PCR in conjunction with propidium monoazide sample treatment to ...

  5. The use of blood gas parameters to predict ascites susceptibility in juvenile broilers.

    van As, P; Elferink, M G; Closter, A M; Vereijken, A; Bovenhuis, H; Crooijmans, R P M A; Decuypere, E; Groenen, M A M

    2010-08-01

    Ascites syndrome is a metabolic disorder found in modern broilers that have insufficient pulmonary vascular capacity. Commercial breeding programs have heavily focused on high growth rate, which led to fast-growing chickens, but as a negative consequence, the incidence of ascites syndrome increased. However, not all birds with a high growth rate will suffer from ascites syndrome, which might indicate a genetic susceptibility to ascites. Information on blood gas parameters measured early in life and their relation to ascites susceptibility is expected to contribute to identification on the cause of ascites syndrome. In this study, several physiological parameters, such as blood gas parameters [pH, partial pressure of CO(2) in venous blood (pvCO(2)), and partial pressure of O(2) in venous blood], hematocrit, electrolytes (Na(+), Ca(2+), and K(+)), metabolites (lactate and glucose), were measured at d 11 to 12 of age from 100 female and 100 male broilers. From d 14 onward, the birds were challenged to provoke the development of ascites syndrome. Our results showed that high pvCO(2) values together with low pH values (males) or high pH values (females) in the venous blood of juvenile broilers coincided with ascites. Therefore, blood pvCO(2) and pH in both juvenile male and female broilers seem to be critical factors in ascites pathophysiology and can be used as phenotypic traits to predict ascites susceptibility in juvenile broilers at d 11 to 12. A prediction model was built on a subpopulation of the broilers without any loss in sensitivity (0.52) and specificity (0.78) when applied to the validation population. The parameter sex was included in the prediction model because levels of pvCO(2) and pH that associated with ascites susceptibility are different between males and females. Commercial breeders can include these phenotypic traits in their genetic selection programs to reduce the incidence of ascites syndrome. PMID:20634524

  6. Pathogenesis of ascites in broilers raised at low altitude: aetiological considerations based on echocardiographic findings.

    Olkowski, A A; Abbott, J A; Classen, H L

    2005-05-01

    This study reports novel insight into the aetiology of pulmonary hypertension and ascites in broiler chickens. The scope of measurements was focused on anatomical and functional parameters, and blood flow patterns in leghorns (resistant to ascites), fast-growing broilers (susceptible to ascites), broilers developing ascites, and ascitic broilers evaluated in vivo using echocardiography, and further examined in the context of postmortem findings. Both, in vivo observed features and postmortem findings, showed clear differences between broilers and leghorns, and between normal and ascitic broilers. Abnormalities in the heart chamber geometry and blood flow patterns were detected upon echocardiographic examination in all ascitic broilers. Right and left atrio-ventricular (AV) valve regurgitation were common findings in ascitic broilers and some apparently normal broilers, with left AV valve insufficiency being a predominant feature with respect to degree and frequency of occurrence. Blood flow disturbances were not detected in leghorns. Left ventricular fractional shortening (functional parameter) was considerably reduced (P ascitic birds (mean: 21.7 +/- 2.0 SE) in comparison with normal broilers (mean: 39.1 +/- 3.6 SE), or leghorns (mean: 43.3 +/- 2.4 SE). The presented findings indicate that pathological and functional changes in the left ventricle and atrium play a significant role in the pathogenesis of ascites in broilers. Severe dilation of the left atrium and pulmonary veins seen on postmortem examination, as well as regurgitant blood flow in the left atrium, demonstrated by Doppler study in ascitic birds, provide evidence that chronically elevated pressure in the left atrium is involved in the aetiology of pulmonary hypertension and ascites in fast-growing broilers. PMID:15882400

  7. Changes of hepatic biochemical parameters and proteomics in broilers with cold-induced ascites.

    Wang, Yongwei; Guo, Yuming; Ning, Dong; Peng, Yunzhi; Cai, Hong; Tan, Jianzhuang; Yang, Ying; Liu, Dan

    2012-01-01

    Ascites syndrome is still a problem for chicken industry in various parts of the world. Despite the intensive investigations of this syndrome for many years, its pathogenesis remains unclear. The objective of this study was to analyze the difference in hepatic proteomics between ascites and healthy broilers by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). Changes of biochemical parameters of liver and blood were also determined. The results indicated that red blood cell counts (RBC), hematocrit (HCT) and haemoglobin (HGB) of ascites broilers were significantly greater than healthy broilers. Hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) level of ascites broilers was significantly increased, and the activity of total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) was significantly decreased. Hepatic lactic acid (LD) level of ascitic broilers were significantly lower than healthy ones. Serum glucose and cholesterol level of ascites broilers were significantly increased, and serum globulin level was significantly decreased in ascites broilers. There was no significant difference in triglyceride (TG) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) level. The activity of liver hexokinase (HK) and succinodehydrogenase (SDH) in ascites broilers was significantly decreased, and there was no significant difference in the activity of liver pyruvate kinase (PK) and Na+-K+-ATPase. The hepatic proteomics analysis showed that 18 proteins expression difference were identified between ascites and healthy broilers. These proteins were mainly involved in: 1) cytoskeleton; 2) glucose, lipids and amino acid metabolism; 3) cell secretion; 4) cell apoptosis; 5) signal transduction; 6) immune and inflammatory response; and 7) cellular redox homeostasis. Mitochondrial isoform phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (M-PEPCK) mainly participates in gluconeogenesis of chicken liver. In conclusion, liver oxidative damage was significantly aggravated, but

  8. Concomitancia de quilotórax y quiloascitis, caso clínico y revisión de la literatura: CASE REPORT AND REVIEW COMBINED OCURRENCE OF CHYLOTHORAX AND CHYLOUS ASCITES

    Mónica Zagolín B; Anabella Aguilera S; Mladen Vojkovic L

    2004-01-01

    Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 69 años, etílico crónico, diabético, con antecedentes de cirrosis hepática y colecistectomía. Ingresó por cuadro de ascitis y derrame pleural izquierdo masivo asociado a insuficiencia respiratoria. El estudio de ambos fluidos fue categórico para el diagnóstico de quilotórax y quiloascitis. No había antecedentes traumáticos ni de neoplasia conocida. El estudio de imágenes fue negativo para cáncer. El paciente egresó en relativas buenas condiciones luego de t...

  9. Predictive value of FibroScan on liver ascites cause by cirrhosis

    Han, Ping; Ji, Dong; Zhang, Jian; Li, Fan; Li, Bing; SHAO, QING; Chen, Guo-Feng

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the predictive value of FibroScan for liver ascites caused by cirrhosis.Methods A total of 651 patients with liver cirrhosis were subjected to FibroScan examination in People’s Liberation Army 302 Hospital from December 2009 to June 2010 and were enrolled in the present study.Among the patients,185 suffered from liver cirrhosis with ascites(all patients initially had ascites) and 466 did not suffer from ascites.After obtaining the FibroScan value,the difference in liv...

  10. Graded atmospheric oxygen level effects on performance and ascites incidence in broilers.

    Beker, A; Vanhooser, S L; Swartzlander, J H; Teeter, R G

    2003-10-01

    The effects of graded atmospheric O2 concentration (12, 14, 16, 18, and 20.6%) on chick performance and propensity to develop ascites were investigated using commercial male broilers. Chicks were housed in calorimetry chambers for 2 wk with incoming air diluted with N to provide the desired O2 concentration at thermoneutral (TN) ambient temperature. Day 14 body weight, weight gain, feed consumption, and gain-to-feed ratio increased (P Ascites heart ratio (AHR), ascites score (AS), right ventricular mass (RVM), and hematocrit (HCT) all increased (P ascites. PMID:14601731

  11. Hypobaric hypoxia in ascites resistant and susceptible broiler genetic lines influences gut morphology.

    de los, Santos F Solis; Tellez, G; Farnell, M B; Balog, J M; Anthony, N B; Pavlidis, H O; Donoghue, A M

    2005-09-01

    Genetic selection based on rapid growth rates, improved feed conversion, and increased body weights has led to a predisposition to ascites in broiler populations. Sire-family selection was applied to a commercial elite line to produce divergent lines of ascites-resistant (RES) and ascites-susceptible (SUS) broilers by the 8th generation. One objective of this research was to determine the effects of hypobaric hypoxia on gut morphology in these genetic lines. In two separate trials, pedigree broiler chickens were randomly assigned to cages in a hypobaric chamber (simulated 2,900 m above sea level) or a matching local altitude chamber (390 m above sea level). Ascites incidence was characterized by heart enlargement and fluid accumulation in the abdominal cavity. At the end of the study on d 42, all surviving birds were killed and evaluated for the presence of ascites and 2-cm sections from the duodenum and lower ileum were collected from 5 chickens per line, per altitude for each trial for morphometric analysis. At a high altitude, ascites incidence was lower in the RES line (20.9 and 3.7%) than in the SUS line (86.4 and 66.9%, Trials 1 and 2, respectively). No ascites was observed at a local altitude. Under hypoxic conditions, duodenum villus surface area was higher (P ascites susceptibility suggests reduced enteric function and may provide clues as to why these birds have increased incidence of ascites. PMID:16206574

  12. Genetic parameters of ascites-related traits in broilers: correlations with feed efficiency and carcase traits.

    Pakdel, A; van Arendonk, J A M; Vereijken, A L J; Bovenhuis, H

    2005-02-01

    (1) Pulmonary hypertension syndrome followed by ascites is a metabolic disorder in broilers that occurs more often in fast-growing birds and at cool temperatures. (2) Knowledge of the genetic relationships among ascites-related traits and performance traits like carcase traits or feed efficiency traits is required to design breeding programmes that aim to improve the degree of resistance to ascites syndrome as well as production traits. The objective of this study was to estimate these genetic correlations. (3) Three different experiments were set up to measure ascites-related traits (4202 birds), feed efficiency traits (2166 birds) and carcase traits (2036 birds). The birds in different experiments originated from the same group of parents, which enabled the estimation of genetic correlations among different traits. (4) The genetic correlation of body weight (BW) measured under normal conditions and in the carcase experiment with the ascites indicator trait of right ventricle to total ventricle ratio (RV:TV) measured under cold conditions was 0.30. The estimated genetic correlation indicated that single-trait selecting for BW leads to an increase in occurrence of the ascites syndrome but that there are realistic opportunities of multi-trait selection of birds for improved BW and resistance to ascites. (5) Weak but positive genetic relationships were found between feed efficiency and ascites-related traits suggesting that more efficient birds tend to be slightly more susceptible to ascites. (6) The relatively low genetic correlation between BW measured in the carcase or in the feed efficiency experiments and BW measured in the ascites experiment (0.49) showed considerable genotype by environment interaction. (7) These results indicate that birds with high genetic potential for growth rate under normal temperature conditions have lower growth rate under cold-stress conditions due to ascites. PMID:15835251

  13. Pulmonary hypertension triggered by lipopolysaccharide in ascites-susceptible and -resistant broilers is not amplified by aminoguanidine, a specific inhibitor of inducible nitric oxide synthase.

    Bowen, O T; Erf, G F; Anthony, N B; Wideman, R F

    2006-03-01

    Nitric oxide (NO) is a potent pulmonary vasodilator that modulates the pulmonary vasoconstriction and pulmonary hypertension (PH) triggered by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in broilers. The amplitude and duration of the LPS-induced PH are markedly enhanced following pretreatment with N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), which inhibits NO synthesis by both the constitutive (endothelial) and inducible (inflammatory) forms of nitric oxide synthase (eNOS and iNOS, respectively). In the present study L-NAME and the selective iNOS inhibitor aminoguanidine (AG) were administered to differentiate between iNOS and eNOS as the primary source of NO that attenuates the pulmonary vascular response to LPS. Clinically healthy male progeny from ascites-susceptible and ascites-resistant lines were anesthetized, and their pulmonary artery was cannulated. The initial pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) was recorded, then the broilers either remained untreated (control group) or were injected i.v. with AG. Ten minutes later all birds received an i.v. injection of LPS, followed 40 min later by an i.v. injection of L-NAME. When compared with untreated controls, AG neither increased the baseline PAP nor did it increase or prolong the PH response to LPS. The ascites-susceptible broilers maintained a higher PAP than the ascites-resistant broilers throughout the experiment, and the ascites-resistant broilers exhibited greater relative increases in PAP in response to LPS than did the ascites-susceptible broilers. Within 40 min after the LPS injection, PAP subsided to a level that did not differ from the respective preinjection value for each line. Injecting L-NAME reversed the decline in PAP, and within 5 min PAP returned to hypertensive levels approaching the maximum peak PH response to LPS. The absence of any impact of AG coupled with the profound response to L-NAME indicates that NO synthesized by eNOS rather than iNOS likely modulated the acute (within 1 h) PH elicited by

  14. Should colloid boluses be prioritized over crystalloid boluses for the management of dengue shock syndrome in the presence of ascites and pleural effusions?

    Weerasinghe Mindu

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although the WHO guideline for the management of dengue fever considers the presence of ascites or pleural effusions in the diagnosis of DSS, it does not emphasize the importance of their presence when selecting fluids for resuscitation. Case presentation We highlight three patients with DSS who received boluses of crystalloids on priority basis as recommended by WHO guidelines during resuscitation. All three patients had varying degrees of third space fluid loss (ascites and pleural effusions at the time of development of DSS. Ascites and pleural effusions were detected in all 3 patients at the time of shock irrespective of whether iv fluids were given or not. All three patients had documented liver involvement at the time of shock evidenced by elevation of AST (4800 iu/L, 5000 iu/L and 1960 iu/L. One patient who had profound shock died 6 hours after admission with evidence of acute pulmonary oedema in the convalescence phase. All of them needed CPAP ventilator support and potent diuretics. Conclusions We therefore feel that resuscitation of patients with DSS who already have third space fluid accumulation with crystalloid boluses on priority basis may contribute to recovery phase pulmonary oedema.

  15. PROTEN TYROSINE PHOSPHATASE ACTIVITY IN RAT ASCITES HEPATOMA CELLS

    M.Saadat

    1998-10-01

    Full Text Available Protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases regulate tyrosine phosphorylation of target proteins involved in several aspects of cellular functions. Enzyme activities of the PTPases in cytosolic and particulate fractions of rat ascites hepatoma cell lines were determined and compared with those of normal rat liver. Our present data revealed that although there was no neoplatic-specific alteration of the PTPase activity in examined hepatomas, the activity in particulate fractions of island type of hepatomas was remarkably decreased compared with either rat liver or free type hepatomas.

  16. Photodynamic therapy of ascites tumours within the peritoneal cavity.

    Tochner, Z.; Mitchell, J B; SMITH, P.; Harrington, F.; Glatstein, E.; Russo, D; Russo, A.

    1986-01-01

    A murine ascites tumour was treated with intraperitoneal haematoporphyrin derivative (HPD) and laser light (10mW, 514nm, Argon laser). HPD was given intraperitoneally 2 hours before 16 minute laser treatment. Uptake studies 2 hours after HPD injection showed 5-12 fold greater concentration of HPD in tumour cells than in 4 different normal tissues. A total of four HPD/laser treatments, given at 2 day intervals, resulted in 100% complete response; the cure rate was 85%. This study illustrates t...

  17. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (ascites syndrome) in broilers: a review.

    Wideman, R F; Rhoads, D D; Erf, G F; Anthony, N B

    2013-01-01

    Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) syndrome in broilers (also known as ascites syndrome and pulmonary hypertension syndrome) can be attributed to imbalances between cardiac output and the anatomical capacity of the pulmonary vasculature to accommodate ever-increasing rates of blood flow, as well as to an inappropriately elevated tone (degree of constriction) maintained by the pulmonary arterioles. Comparisons of PAH-susceptible and PAH-resistant broilers do not consistently reveal differences in cardiac output, but PAH-susceptible broilers consistently have higher pulmonary arterial pressures and pulmonary vascular resistances compared with PAH-resistant broilers. Efforts clarify the causes of excessive pulmonary vascular resistance have focused on evaluating the roles of chemical mediators of vasoconstriction and vasodilation, as well as on pathological (structural) changes occurring within the pulmonary arterioles (e.g., vascular remodeling and pathology) during the pathogenesis of PAH. The objectives of this review are to (1) summarize the pathophysiological progression initiated by the onset of pulmonary hypertension and culminating in terminal ascites; (2) review recent information regarding the factors contributing to excessively elevated resistance to blood flow through the lungs; (3) assess the role of the immune system during the pathogenesis of PAH; and (4) present new insights into the genetic basis of PAH. The cumulative evidence attributes the elevated pulmonary vascular resistance in PAH-susceptible broilers to an anatomically inadequate pulmonary vascular capacity, to excessive vascular tone reflecting the dominance of pulmonary vasoconstrictors over vasodilators, and to vascular pathology elicited by excessive hemodynamic stress. Emerging evidence also demonstrates that the pathogenesis of PAH includes characteristics of an inflammatory/autoimmune disease involving multifactorial genetic, environmental, and immune system components. Pulmonary

  18. Ascites and venous carbon dioxide tensions in juvenile chickens of highly selected genotypes and native strains

    Scheele, C.W.; Klis, van der J.D.; Kwakernaak, C.; Dekker, R.A.; Middelkoop, van J.H.; Buyse, J.; Decuypere, E.

    2005-01-01

    A previous study by this group demonstrated that a high carbon dioxide tension in venous blood (pvCO2) of juvenile broiler chickens is a reliable predictor for ascites susceptibility. In a new experiment with five highly selected genetic stocks and two ascites resistant old breeds we studied levels

  19. Stability of artemisinin in aqueous environments : Impact on its cytotoxic action to Ehrlich ascites tumour cells

    Beekman, AC; Woerdenbag, HJ; Van Uden, W; Pras, N; Konings, AWT; Wikstrom, HV

    1997-01-01

    We have recently shown artemisinin to be cytotoxic against Ehrlich ascites tumour cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the stability of this compound in the aqueous environment of the in-vitro Ehrlich ascites tumour cell system (RPMI 1640 cell culture medium supplemented with 10% foetal b

  20. Pharmacokinetic study of paclitaxel in malignant ascites from advanced gastric cancer patients

    Michiya Kobayashi; Junichi Sakamoto; Tsutomu Namikawa; Ken Okamoto; Takehiro Okabayashi; Kengo Ichikawa; Keijiro Araki

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To examine the paclitaxel concentrations in plasma and ascites after its intravenous administration in patients with ascites due to peritonitis carcinomatosa resulting from advanced gastric cancer.METHODS: Two patients with ascites due to peritonitis carcinomatosa resulting from gastric cancer were included in this study. The paclitaxel concentrations in plasma and ascites were investigated for 72 h in case 1 and 168 h in case 2 after intravenous administration.RESULTS: The paclitaxel concentration in plasma peaked immediately after administration, followed by rapid decrease below the threshold value of 0.1 μmol (85 ng/mL) within 24 h. In contrast, the paclitaxel concentration in ascites increased gradually for 24 h after administration to a level consistent with the level found in plasma. After 24 h the level of paclitaxel in ascites and plasma became similar, with the optimal level being maintained up to 72 h following administration.CONCLUSION: The concentration of paclitaxel in ascites is maintained within the optimal level for the treatment of cancer cells for up to 72 h after intravenous administration. Paclitaxel is a promising drug for the treatment of malignant ascites of gastric cancer.

  1. Outcome of pancreatic ascites in patients with tropical calcific pancreatitis managed using a uniform treatment protocol.

    Kurumboor, Prakash; Varma, Deepak; Rajan, Mahendra; Kamlesh, Naduthottam Palanisami; Paulose, Roshin; Narayanan, Ramesh Ganesh; Philip, Mathew

    2009-01-01

    Pancreatic ascites or internal pancreatic fistula is a known complication of chronic pancreatitis. This condition is associated with considerable morbidity and mortality. The management approach of pancreatic ascites in tropical calcific pancreatitis is infrequently reported owing to the low incidence of this condition. Between December 2005 and June 2007, 11 patients with pancreatic ascites with tropical calcific pancreatitis (male:female 7:4, mean age 29.5 [14.2] years) were treated. A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent endotherapy and surgery for this condition based on an institutional protocol was performed. The end point was resolution of pancreatic ascites and relief of symptoms. All patients had pancreatic ascites, and one patient also had pancreatic pleural effusion. Endoscopic transpapillary stenting was possible in nine patients (81%). Identification of site of leak and placement of an endoscopic stent across the PD disruption was possible in five (45%) patients. All these patients had relief of ascites. Mean number of endotherapy sessions required before control of ascites was 1.8. Among the remaining four (36.6%) patients who had ERCP, placement of stent across the leak was unsuccessful; however stenting helped stabilize the general condition and nutritional status. These four patients and two patients who failed ERP underwent lateral pancreatojejunostomy surgery. Morbidity was observed in three patients who underwent surgery and one patient died due to sepsis and hemorrhage. All patients who had surgical drainage had complete relief of ascites and symptoms. In patients with pancreatic ascites in tropical calcific pancreatitis endotherapy and transpapillary stenting helps in resolution of ascites in nearly half of the patients. In the remaining patients preliminary conservative management followed by surgical pancreatic ductal drainage provides good relief of symptoms. PMID:19907961

  2. A rare case of vitamin B12 deficiency with ascites.

    Rajsekhar, Putta; Reddy, Mugannagari Maheshwar; Vaddera, Sameeraja; Rajini, G; Tikeli, Vinil

    2014-07-01

    Vitamin B12 deficiency is widespread than assumed in population. At risk are older people, pregnant women, vegans, patients with renal and intestinal diseases. Vitamin B12 deficiency can present with various hematological, gastrointestinal and neurological manifestations. In the population, the prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency in younger people is 5% to 7% which is less compared to elderly people. In developing countries, deficiency is much more common, starting in early life and persisting across the life span. Here, we present a 16-year-old female patient presenting with ascites since 2 months who was subsequently investigated and diagnosed to have nutritional megaloblastic anaemia secondary to vitamin B12 deficiency after exclusion of other infective, neoplastic, autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Inspite, patient was treated with antitubercular drugs but she did not respond. After supplementation of Vitamin B12, ascites responded well. Inadequate intake due to low consumption of animal source foods is the main cause of low serum vitamin B12 in younger adults and likely the main cause in poor population worldwide. PMID:25177593

  3. Prognostic significance of new onset ascites in patients with pancreatic cancer

    Luzardo German

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to determine risk factors for development of malignant ascites and its prognostic significance in patients with pancreatic cancer. Methods A prospective database was queried to identify patients with pancreatic cancer who develop ascites. Stage at presentation, size, and location of primary tumor, treatment received and length of survival after onset of ascites were determined. Results A total of 15 patients were identified. Of which 4 patients (1 stage II, 3 stage III underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy and manifested with ascites 2, 3, 24 and 47 months after surgery (tumor size 2.9 ± 1.32 cm. All but one of the remaining 11 patients (tumor size 4.4 ± 3.38 cm presented with metastatic disease, and all developed malignant ascites 9 months after diagnosis, dying 2 months later. Resected patients lived longer before the onset of ascites, but not after. Conclusion Once diagnosed, ascites in pancreatic cancer patients heralds imminent death. Limited survival should be considered when determining the aggressiveness of further intervention.

  4. Effect of prebiotic on gut development and ascites incidence of broilers reared in a hypoxic environment.

    Solis de los Santos, F; Farnell, M B; Téllez, G; Balog, J M; Anthony, N B; Torres-Rodriguez, A; Higgins, S; Hargis, B M; Donoghue, A M

    2005-07-01

    Modern broilers have been genetically selected for an increased growth rate and improved feed conversion, but they are also more susceptible to ascites. Ascites occurs when there is an imbalance between available oxygen and the oxygen demand of the broiler. We hypothesized that promoting neonatal gut development with a prebiotic, such as Aspergillus meal (Prebiotic-AM), would enhance gut efficiency, decrease the oxygen demand of the gut, and reduce ascites incidence. In this study, we compared the effect of Prebiotic-AM on ascites incidence and gut development in commercial broilers reared at a local altitude (390 m above sea level) and a simulated high altitude (2,900 m above sea level). Half of the birds received a National Research Council recommended corn-soybean ration, and the other half received the same ration supplemented with 0.2% Prebiotic-AM. These 2 groups were further divided into a local altitude group and a simulated high altitude group for a total of 4 treatment combinations. Tissues were collected on d 1, 3, 7, 14, and 21 from the duodenum and lower ileum and placed in 10% buffered formalin for morphometric analysis. At a simulated high altitude, ascites incidence was 68% for birds fed the Prebiotic-AM supplement compared with 92% ascites incidence in birds given the control feed. The simulated high altitude decreased (P broiler gut development and ascites incidence. PMID:16050126

  5. Vascular remodeling and its role in the pathogenesis of ascites in fast growing commercial broilers.

    Nain, S; Wojnarowicz, C; Laarveld, B; Olkowski, A A

    2009-06-01

    This study examined the putative role of blood vessel pathology in the development of ascites in broilers. Major blood vessels (aorta, brachiocephalic arteries, pulmonary arteries, and vena cava) from normal commercial male broiler chickens, and broilers that developed congestive heart failure (CHF) with or without ascites were subjected to gross and microscopic examination. On cross-section, grossly, the arteries from normal broilers and those showing dilated cardiomyopathy without ascites appeared circular, with firm wall tone characteristic of the normal artery. In contrast, the arteries from ascitic broilers appeared flaccid and lacked elasticity, which was evidenced by collapsing, ellipsoid cross-sectional arterial lumen owing to the structural weakness of the arterial walls. Microscopically, ascitic broilers showed thinning or occasionally total loss of elastic elements in the arterial wall, and reduced network density of the structural matrix of the vascular wall, as well as increased thickness of fibers in vena cava. The structural changes seen in the major arteries from ascitic broilers are maladaptive, and as such would definitively impose an increased hemodynamic burden on the already failing heart pump. The changes in veins are indicative of pathological remodeling conducive to increased permeability of the vascular wall, particularly in the situation when a poorly distensible structure is further subjected to wall stress associated with increased pressure and volume overload. Taken together, increased hemodynamic burden and reduced structural density of the venous wall constitute conditions conducive for seepage and accumulation of ascitic fluid. PMID:18947843

  6. Clinical significance of CT-defined minimal ascites in patients with gastric cancer

    Dong Kyung Chang; Ji Won Kim; Byung Kwan Kim; Kook Lae Lee; Chi Sung Song; Joon Koo Han; In Sung Song

    2005-01-01

    AIM: To study the clinical significance of minimal ascites,which was only defined by the CT and whose nature was not determined preoperatively, in the relationship with the peritoneal carcinomatosis.METHODS: The medical records and the dynamic CT films of 118 patients with gastric cancer were reviewed.Factors associated with peritoneal carcinomatosis were analyzed in 40 patients who had CT-defined ascites of which the nature was surgically confirmed.RESULTS: Only 12.5-25% of the CT-defined minimal ascites, whose volume was estimated to be less than 50 mL, were associated with peritoneal carcinomatosis.When the estimated CT-defined ascitic volume was 50 mL or more, peritoneal carcinomatosis was identified in 75-100%. When CT-defined lymph node enlargements were not found beyond the regional gastric area,perigastricinvasions were not suspected, and the size of tumor was less than 3 cm, peritoneal carcinomatosis seemed significantly less accompanied at the univariate analysis. However, except for the minimal volume of CTdefined ascites in comparison with the mild or more,other factors were not confirmed multivariately.CONCLUSION: In the patients with gastric cancer, CTdefined minimal ascites alone is rarely associated with peritoneal carcinomatosis, if it does not accompany other signs suggestive of malignant seeding. Therefore,consideration of active curative resection should not be hesitated, if CT-defined minimal ascites is the only delusive sign.

  7. High circulating D-dimers are associated with ascites and hepatocellular carcinoma in liver cirrhosis

    Aldo Spadaro; Antonino Ajello; Oscar Ferraù; Maria Antonietta Freni; Vincenza Tortorella; Carmela Morce; Agostino Fortiguerra; Paola Composto; Caterina Bonfiglio; Angela Alibrandi; Carmelo Luigiano; Giuseppe De Caro

    2008-01-01

    AIM:To measure plasma D-dimer levels in cirrhotic patients with and without ascites,assessing the effect of ascites resolution in D-dimer concentration.METHODS:Seventy consecutive cirrhotic patients(M=44,F=26,mean age 65 years,SD±13),observed from OdDber 2005 to March 2006 were enrolled.Circulating D-dimer Ievels were measured using a latex-enhanced,immunoturbidimetric test.In patients with ascites(,7=42)the test was repeated after ascites resolution.RESULTS:Ascites was present in 42 patients(group A)and absent in 28(group B).Group A patients had more advanced Iiver disease.Hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC)was diagnosed in 14 patients and was more frequent in group B.Above normaI range D-dimers were found in 45/70 patients.High D-dimers were more frequent in group A than in group B(P=0.001).High D-dimers were associated with presence of HCC(P=0.048)only in group B.Afber ascites resolution,obtained in all patienIs,mean D-dimer values decreased in those 34 patients with high basal levels(P=0.007),returning to normal in 17.CONCLUSION:In patients with Iiver cirrhosis,ascites and HCC are the main factors associated with increased fibrinolytic activiby.

  8. Recurring Acute Abdomen, Ovarian Cyst and Hypothyroidism

    T Rohatgi, N Rohatgi and K Buckshee

    2007-01-01

    Spontaneous ovarian hyperstimulation, large ovarian cyst and multicystic ovaries associated with primaryhypothyroidism is infrequently reported and not widely recognized in gynaecologic literature. We reporta case of a 15 year old girl who had an acute abdomen and emergency laparotomy revealed bilaterallyenlarged ovaries, a large ovarian cyst with torsion in the right ovary and ascites. Thus right adnexa wasremoved. At that time thyroid dysfunction was neither suspected nor investigated. Five...

  9. UK survey of broiler ascites and sudden death syndromes in 1993.

    Maxwell, M H; Robertson, G W

    1998-05-01

    1. The mean incidence of deaths from ascites in the UK in 1993 was 1.4% (0.7% in 1991 and 0.9% in 1992) and 0.8% from sudden death syndrome (SDS). In total, the economic loss to the UK Broiler Industry in 1993 as a result of these 2 conditions was 24 Pounds M. 2. Clear geographical differences emerged in the occurrence of ascites, with, not only the lowest incidences being observed in Northern Ireland, but also the peak of the mortality from ascites occurring much later in the rearing cycle than in other regions on the mainland. 3. In all regions the incidence of SDS was lower than that of ascites but the reason for this disparity remains to be established. 4. Some of the variables associated with the road transportation of day-old chicks from the hatchery to the farm appeared to influence the incidence of ascites. These included distance or time travelled, stocking density, internal lorry temperature and the length of time the lorry was heated before transport as well as the time the shed was heated before chick arrival. Temperature was also an important factor during growth (brooding and finishing). 5. Negative pressure-powered ventilation was preferred in most organisations but more ascites was seen with positive pressure ventilation. However, the lowest incidence of ascites occurred with natural ventilation. There was more ascites relative to shed orientation when the wind direction was from the west compared to the east. 6. This survey identifies the extent of the problem of broiler ascites in the UK and also highlights the importance of good management control of day-old chicks, not only following placement, but even before their arrival on the farm. PMID:9649872

  10. Prognostic significance of IL-6 and IL-8 ascites levels in ovarian cancer patients

    Piché Alain

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The acellular fraction of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC ascites promotes de novo resistance of tumor cells and thus supports the idea that tumor cells may survive in the surrounding protective microenvironment contributing to disease recurrence. Levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and IL-8 are elevated in EOC ascites suggesting that they could play a role in tumor progression. Methods We measured IL-6 and IL-8 levels in the ascites of 39 patients with newly diagnosed EOC. Commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA was used to determine IL-6 and IL-8 ascites levels. Ascites cytokine levels were correlated with clinicopathological parameters and progression-free survival. Results Mean ascites levels for IL-6 and IL-8 were 6419 pg/ml (SEM: 1409 pg/ml and 1408 pg/ml (SEM: 437 pg/ml respectively. The levels of IL-6 and IL-8 in ascites were significantly lower in patients that have received prior chemotherapy before the surgery (Mann-Whitney U test, P = 0.037 for IL-6 and P = 0.008 for IL-8. Univariate analysis revealed that high IL-6 ascites levels (P = 0.021, serum CA125 levels (P = 0.04 and stage IV (P = 0.009 were significantly correlated with shorter progression-free survival. Including these variables in a multivariate analysis revealed that elevated IL-6 levels (P = 0.033 was an independent predictor of shorter progression-free survival. Conclusion Elevated IL-6, but not IL-8, ascites level is an independent predictor of shorter progression-free survival.

  11. Effect of administration of some antitumor extracts on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma-bearing mice

    Cancer is considered one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Many researches have been studied on the discovery of natural and synthetic compounds that can be used in the prevention and/or treatment of cancer. Many chemo preventive agents have been associated with antiproliferative and apoptotic effects on cancer cells because of their high antioxidant activity. The present study was undertaken to investigate the antioxidant and antitumor effects of three natural extracts including (propolis, green tea and Chlorella vulgaris) without or with radiation exposure in Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) - bearing female albino mice. The animals were randomly distributed into three major groups as follows:- Group A (control group).This group consists of 10 mice kept on normal standard rodent diet without any treatment and housed in two cages: mice of the first cage served as control for non tumor-bearing group and the second cage served as control for tumor-bearing group. Group B (Non tumor - bearing group).This group consists of 30 mice and used to study the effect of the vehicle solutions (gum acacia, DMSO), propolis, green tea, Chlorella vulgaris and gamma irradiation on normal mice. Mice of this group were equally distributed into six subgroups receiving gum acacia, DMSO, propolis, green tea and Chlorella vulgaris for two weeks and whole body gamma irradiated. Group C (Tumor- bearing group): This group consists of 160 mice randomly and equally distributed into 8 subgroups: Ehrlich ascites carcinoma(mice were inoculated with 2.5 x 106 intra-peretoneally(i.p), Ehrlich ascites carcinoma and 2 Gy irradiated, Ehrlich ascites carcinoma and propolis treated (150 mg/kg b.w), Ehrlich ascites carcinoma, propolis treated and irradiated, Ehrlich ascites carcinoma and green tea treated (150 mg/kg b.w), Ehrlich ascites carcinoma, green tea treated and irradiated, Ehrlich ascites carcinoma and Chlorella vulgaris treated (150 mg/kg b.w) and Ehrlich ascites

  12. Ascitic microbiota composition is correlated with clinical severity in cirrhosis with portal hypertension.

    Geraint B Rogers

    Full Text Available Identification of pathogenic bacteria in ascites correlates with poor clinical outcomes. Ascites samples are commonly reported culture-negative, even where frank infection is indicated. Culture-independent methods have previously reported bacterial DNA in ascites, however, whether this represents viable bacterial populations has not been determined. We report the first application of 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing and quantitative PCR in conjunction with propidium monoazide sample treatment to characterise the viable bacterial composition of ascites. Twenty five cirrhotic patients undergoing paracentesis provided ascites. Samples were treated with propidium monoazide to exclude non-viable bacterial DNA. Total bacterial load was quantified by 16S rRNA Q-PCR with species identity and relative abundance determined by 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing. Correlation of molecular microbiology data with clinical measures and diagnostic microbiology was performed. Viable bacterial signal was obtained in 84% of ascites samples, both by Q-PCR and pyrosequencing. Approximately 190,000 ribosomal pyrosequences were obtained, representing 236 species, including both gut and non gut-associated species. Substantial variation in the species detected was observed between patients. Statistically significant relationships were identified between the bacterial community similarity and clinical measures, including ascitic polymorphonuclear leukocyte count and Child-Pugh class. Viable bacteria are present in the ascites of a majority of patients with cirrhosis including those with no clinical signs of infection. Microbiota composition significantly correlates with clinical measures. Entry of bacteria into ascites is unlikely to be limited to translocation from the gut, raising fundamental questions about the processes that underlie the development of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.

  13. Effect of cold stress on broilers selected for resistance or susceptibility to ascites syndrome.

    Balog, J M; Kidd, B D; Huff, W E; Huff, G R; Rath, N C; Anthony, N B

    2003-09-01

    Genetic selection for an ascites-resistant line of broilers is seen as a permanent solution to the ascites problem. Ascites-resistant and ascites-susceptible lines have been developed using sire family selection based on mortality data taken from siblings reared in a hypobaric chamber (simulated 2,900 m above sea level). The relaxed line is representative of the original commercial pureline stock randomly mated with no artificial selection pressure. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the differences between the lines when reared in floor pens and subjected to an ascites-inducing cold stress. Seven hundred eighty three straight run broilers were reared in floor pens at local elevation (390 m above sea level). Feed and water were available ad libitum. Birds were brooded at 32 C during the first week. The second week birds were maintained at 30 degrees C. Cold stress was applied for the remaining 4 wk at 14 degrees C. Mortalities were necropsied daily to determine cause of death. Birds and feed were weighed weekly. At 6 wk, five birds per pen were bled, and half the survivors in each pen (8 to 15 birds) were killed, necropsied, and scored for ascites. Blood gases, clinical chemistries, and blood cell counts were taken. Liver, spleen, split heart, and lung weights were recorded. Body weights were not different among the resistant, susceptible, and relaxed lines (P Ascites incidence, as measured by mortality and lesion score at necropsy, was higher in the susceptible and relaxed lines when compared to the resistant line; 18.8, 12.7, and 1.6% respectively (P ascites-resistant line was growing as rapidly as the other lines and was as resistant to ascites as it had been under hypobaric conditions. PMID:12967249

  14. Advantages of assaying telomerase activity in ascites for diagnosis of digestive tract malignancies

    Chung-Pin Li; Tze-Sing Huang; Yee Chao; Full-Young Chang; Jacquline Whang-Peng; Shou-Dong Lee

    2004-01-01

    AIM: To evaluate the diagnostic value of assaying telomerase activity in ascites cells for the differential diagnosis of malignant and non-malignant ascites.METHODS: Ascites from 40 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), 31 with non-HCC gastrointestinal carcinoma (CA), and 24 with liver cirrhosis (LC) were analyzed for telomerase activity. The telomerase activities in cell pellets from ascites were measured according to the Telomeric Repeat Amplification Protocol (TRAP) and quantified with a densitometer.RESULTS: Positive telomerase activity was detected in 16 of 31 (52%) CA patients, 10 of 40 (25%) HCC patients, and 1 of 24 (4%) LC patients (P<0.001). The telomerase activity was higher in the ascites of CA patients than in the ascites of HCC or LC patients (CA: 22.9±5.8, HCC: 6.7±2.5, LC:1.3±1.3, P= 0.001). Cytology was positive in 18 CA patients (58%) and 1 HCC patient (2.5%), respectively. The positive telomerase activity was not related to patients' age, gender,and ascitic protein concentration, but to white blood count (r= 0.31, P= 0.002), neutrophil count (r= 0.29, P= 0.005),and the C-reactive protein level (r= 0.29, P= 0.018). When the results of both cytological examination and telomerase assay were considered together, the sensitivity increased to 77% for CA patients, 25% for HCC patients, and 48% for all 71 gastrointestinal cancer patients.CONCLUSION: Combining cytological examination of ascites with telomerase activity assay significantly improves the differential diagnosis between malignant and non-malignant ascites.

  15. Peritoneal benign cystic mesothelioma in a patient with presentation of ascites, a case report

    S. Peyvandi

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Cystic mesotheloma is an uncommon lesion of the peritoneum occurring predominantly in women of reproductive age. The case was a 21 years girl presented with 4 years history of mild abdominal distension and periodic pain. The results of the clinical examinations were normal. Sonography and CT scan confirmed gross ascites. The results of paraclinical tests were normal without any positive findings for etiology of ascites. During laparoscopy multiple transparent cysts were found in pelvic and culdesac. All cysts were removed by laparoscopy. Histology confirmed benign cystic mesotheloma. Reviewing the records revealved that this case is the second case of mesothelial cysts that presented with ascites.

  16. PAPP-A proteolytic activity enhances IGF bioactivity in ascites from women with ovarian carcinoma

    Thomsen, Jacob; Hjortebjerg, Rikke; Espelund, Ulrick;

    2015-01-01

    serum and ascites from 22 women with ovarian carcinoma. We found that ascites contained 46-fold higher PAPP-A levels as compared to serum (P < 0.001). The majority (80%) of PAPP-A was enzymatically active. This is supported by the finding that ascites contained more cleaved than intact IGFBP-4 (P < 0......Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) stimulates insulin-like growth factor (IGF) action through proteolysis of IGF-binding protein (IGFBP)-4. In experimental animals, PAPP-A accelerates ovarian tumor growth by this mechanism. To investigate the effect of PAPP-A in humans, we compared...

  17. Persistent cloaca presenting with persistent massive fetal ascites resulting from severely compromised urinary function.

    Motoi, Mukai; Satoshi, Ibara; Takatsugu, Maeda; Masato, Kamitomo; Yuko, Maruyama; Takuya, Tokuhisa; Yuka, Fujie; Yusuke, Nakazawa; Takeshi, Utsunomiya; Kenji, Sumi; Tatsuo, Ohshiro; Tetsuo, Ono; Hiroyuki, Noguchi; Seiro, Machigashira

    2009-01-01

    Persistent cloaca (PC) is a rare abnormality characterized by a direct communication between the gastrointestinal, urinary and genital structures. We report a case of PC presenting with persistent massive fetal ascites. Postpartum examination demonstrated a long and narrow common channel of PC. Fetal ascites is caused by urinary drainage through the fallopian tubes into the abdominal cavity. Usually it occurs temporarily and disappears with the subsequent development of intrapelvic cysts. A long and narrow common channel of PC has been found to contribute to the persistent ascites. PMID:19325242

  18. Changes of hepatic biochemical parameters and proteomics in broilers with cold-induced ascites

    Wang Yongwei

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Ascites syndrome is still a problem for chicken industry in various parts of the world. Despite the intensive investigations of this syndrome for many years, its pathogenesis remains unclear. The objective of this study was to analyze the difference in hepatic proteomics between ascites and healthy broilers by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS. Changes of biochemical parameters of liver and blood were also determined. The results indicated that red blood cell counts (RBC, hematocrit (HCT and haemoglobin (HGB of ascites broilers were significantly greater than healthy broilers. Hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA level of ascites broilers was significantly increased, and the activity of total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD was significantly decreased. Hepatic lactic acid (LD level of ascitic broilers were significantly lower than healthy ones. Serum glucose and cholesterol level of ascites broilers were significantly increased, and serum globulin level was significantly decreased in ascites broilers. There was no significant difference in triglyceride (TG and blood urea nitrogen (BUN level. The activity of liver hexokinase (HK and succinodehydrogenase (SDH in ascites broilers was significantly decreased, and there was no significant difference in the activity of liver pyruvate kinase (PK and Na+-K+-ATPase. The hepatic proteomics analysis showed that 18 proteins expression difference were identified between ascites and healthy broilers. These proteins were mainly involved in: 1 cytoskeleton; 2 glucose, lipids and amino acid metabolism; 3 cell secretion; 4 cell apoptosis; 5 signal transduction; 6 immune and inflammatory response; and 7 cellular redox homeostasis. Mitochondrial isoform phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (M-PEPCK mainly participates in gluconeogenesis of chicken liver. In conclusion, liver oxidative damage was significantly aggravated

  19. [Surgical treatment of refractory ascites with peritoneovenous shunt].

    Massari, R; Fulgente, R; Marinelli, S; Romessis, M

    1995-01-01

    Leveen and associates described a peritoneo-venous shunt which proved to be useful in patients with intractable ascites. Medical therapy, paracentesis and peritoneovenous shunt have been compared, but there is uncertainty about their relative merits. Therefore, the leveen device has be placed in last years in an increasing number of patients: it has not been shown by prospective trials to prolong survival significantly, although it may shorten hospitalization and improve the quality of life. A number of early and late complications were described but they do not influence the general results: origin and features of such complications are discussed as well as their prevention and treatment and personal cases are presented. Selection of patients and careful surgical procedure seems to be mandatory for better results. PMID:8706187

  20. Monovalent ions control proliferation of Ehrlich Lettre ascites cells

    Klausen, Thomas Kjaer; Preisler, Sarah; Pedersen, Stine Helene Falsig;

    2010-01-01

    little effect. Western blots showed reduced chloride intracellular channel CLIC1 and chloride channel ClC-2 expression in the plasma membrane in S compared with G(1). Our results suggest that Na+ regulates ELA cell proliferation by regulating intracellular pH while Cl(-) may regulate proliferation by......Channels and transporters of monovalent ions are increasingly suggested as putative anticarcinogenic targets. However, the mechanisms involved in modulation of proliferation by monovalent ions are poorly understood. Here, we investigated the role of K+, Na+, and Cl(-) ions for the proliferation of...... Ehrlich Lettre ascites (ELA) cells. We measured the intracellular concentration of each ion in G(0), G(1), and S phases of the cell cycle following synchronization by serum starvation and release. We show that intracellular concentrations and content of Na+ and Cl(-) were reduced in the G(0)-G(1) phase...

  1. L-lactate transport in Ehrlich ascites-tumour cells.

    Spencer, T L; Lehninger, A L

    1976-02-15

    Ehrlich ascites-tumour cells were investigated with regard to their stability to transport L-lactate by measuring either the distribution of [14C]lactate or concomitant H+ ion movements. The movement of lactate was dependent on the pH difference across the cell membrane and was electroneutral, as evidenced by an observed 1:1 antiport for OH- ions or 1:1 symport with H+ ions. 2. Kinetic experiments showed that lactate transport was saturable, with an apparent Km of approx. 4.68 mM and a Vmax. as high as 680 nmol/min per mg of protein at pH 6.2 and 37 degrees C. 3. Lactate transport exhibited a high temperature dependence (activation energy = 139 kJ/mol). 4. Lactate transport was inhibited competitively by (a) a variety of other substituted monocarboxylic acids (e.g. pyruvate, Ki = 6.3 mM), which were themselves transported, (b) the non-transportable analogues alpha-cyano-4-hydroxycinnamate (Ki = 0.5 mM), alpha-cyano-3-hydroxycinnamate (Ki = 2mM) and DL-p-hydroxyphenyl-lactate (Ki = 3.6 mM) and (c) the thiol-group reagent mersalyl (Ki = 125 muM). 5. Transport of simple monocarboxylic acids, including acetate and propionate, was insensitive to these inhibitors; they presumably cross the membrane by means of a different mechanism. 6. Experiments using saturating amounts of mersalyl as an "inhibitor stop" allowed measurements of the initial rates of net influx and of net efflux of [14C]lactate. Influx and efflux of lactate were judged to be symmetrical reactions in that they exhibited similar concentration dependence. 7. It is concluded that lactate transport in Ehrlich ascites-tumour cells is mediated by a carrier capable of transporting a number of other substituted monocarboxylic acids, but not unsubstituted short-chain aliphatic acids. PMID:7237

  2. Pregnancy complicated by haemorrhagic ascites in a woman with newly diagnosed HIV.

    Morgan, Catrin; Nicholls, Kate; Gangat, Nusraat; Sansome, Stafford

    2016-01-01

    A young pregnant Zambian woman was referred from a district hospital in South Zambia to the university teaching hospital, Lusaka with severe anaemia and ascites. The ascites had developed over a month and the woman was currently 15 weeks pregnant. Further workup revealed that the patient was HIV-positive and the ascitic tap showed haemorrhagic fluid. After being reviewed by multiple doctors, the cause of the haemorrhagic ascites remained unclear; therefore, the decision was made to do a laparotomy. The laparotomy revealed haemoperitoneum and a large cyst attached to the liver containing 5 L of bloodstained fluid. The histopathology report revealed features consistent with a giant haemangioma. There were many barriers to accessing optimum healthcare in this case. These included limited access to blood, poor communication resulting in the patient being unaware of her HIV status and lack of patient education about HIV. PMID:27473033

  3. Percutaneous Placement of Peritoneal Port-Catheter in Patients with Malignant Ascites

    We report our experience with a radiologically placed peritoneal port-catheter in palliation of malignant ascites. Port-catheters were successfully placed under ultrasonographic and fluoroscopic guidance in seven patients (five women, two men) who had symptomatic malignant ascites. The long-term primary patency rate was 100%. The mean duration of catheter function was 148 days. Seven patients had a total of 1040 port-days. Two patients received intraperitoneal chemotherapy via the port-catheter. There were no procedure-related mortality and major complications. Minor complications such as ascitic fluid leakage from the peritoneal entry site, migration of the catheter tip to the right upper quadrant, and reversal of the port reservoir occurred in four patients. None of these complications affected the drainage and required port explantation. In patients with symptomatic malignant ascites, a peritoneal port-catheter can provide palliation and eliminate multiple hospital visits for repeated paracentesis with high patency and low complication rates

  4. Association Between Proton Pump Inhibitor Use and Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis in Cirrhotic Patients with Ascites

    Mélissa Ratelle

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: There are data suggesting a link between proton pump inhibitor (PPI use and the development of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP in cirrhotic patients with ascites; however, these data are controversial.

  5. Differential expression of cardiac muscle mitochondrial matrix proteins in broilers from ascites-resistant and susceptible lines.

    Cisar, C R; Balog, J M; Anthony, N B; Donoghue, A M

    2005-05-01

    Ascites is a metabolic disorder of modern broilers that is distinguished by cardiopulmonary insufficiency in the face of intense oxygen demands of rapidly growing tissues. Broilers with ascites exhibit sustained elevation of pulmonary arterial pressure and right ventricular hypertrophy, the end result of which is heart failure. It has been shown that mitochondrial function is impaired in broilers with ascites. In the current study, mitochondrial matrix protein levels were compared between ascites-resistant line broilers and ascites-susceptible line broilers with and without ascites using two-dimensional (2-D) gel electrophoresis. One hundred seventy-two protein spots were detected on the gels, and 9 of the spots were present at different levels in the 4 groups of broilers. These 9 protein spots were selected for identification by mass spectrometry. Two of the spots were found to contain single mitochondrial matrix proteins. Both mitochondrial matrix proteins, the dihydrolipoamide succinyltransferase component of the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex and the alpha-subunit of mitochondrial trifunctional enzyme, were present at higher levels in ascites-resistant line broilers with ascites in the present study. The elevated levels of 2 key proteins in aerobic metabolism in ascites-resistant line broilers with ascites observed in the present study suggests that the mitochondria of broilers with this disease may respond inappropriately to hypoxia. PMID:15913181

  6. Evolution of sarcoma 180 (ascitic tumor) in mice infected with Schistosoma mansoni

    Fausto Edmundo Lima Pereira; Pedro Raso; Paulo Marcos Zech Coelho

    1986-01-01

    Mice infected with 60 cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni were more resistant to the sarcoma 180 ascites tumor. Tumor inoculation was performed 50 days after schistosoma infection and the animals were observed and weighed at 48 hours intervals for development and progression of malignancy. In infected mice the weight gain (ascites formation) started later and was shorter than in uninfected Controls. Also, the number of tumor cells into the peritoneal cavity 72h after tumor implantation was short...

  7. Effect of Honey and Eugenol on Ehrlich Ascites and Solid Carcinoma

    Saravana Kumar Jaganathan; Dilip Mondhe; Wani, Z. A.; Pal, Harish C.; Mahitosh Mandal

    2010-01-01

    Ehrlich ascites carcinoma is a spontaneous murine mammary adenocarcinoma adapted to ascites form and carried in outbred mice by serial intraperitoneal (i/p) passages. The previous work from our laboratory showed that honey having higher phenolic content was potent in inhibiting colon cancer cell proliferation. In this work, we extended our research to screen the antitumor activity of two selected honey samples and eugenol (one of the phenolic constituents of honey) against murine Ehrlich asci...

  8. The impact of inflammatory cells in malignant ascites on small intestinal ICCs’ morphology and function

    Li, Jing; Kong, Dan; He, Yan; Wang, Xiuli; Gao, Lei; Li, Jiade; Yan, Meisi; Liu, Duanyang; Wang, Yufu; Zhang, Lei; Jin, Xiaoming

    2015-01-01

    Malignant ascites is one of the common complication at the late stage of abdominal cancers, which may deteriorate the environment of abdominal cavity and lead to potential damage of functional cells. Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) are mesoderm-derived mesenchymal cells that function normal gastrointestinal motility. The pathological changes of ICCs or the reduced number may lead to the motility disorders of gastrointestinal tract. In this study, through analysis of malignant ascites which...

  9. A rare case of normotensive HELLP syndrome complicated with massive ascites: Spontaneous resolution

    Ahmed Samy El-Agwany

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available HELLP develops in approximately 0.1–0.8% of pregnancies overall and as many as 15–20% of patients with HELLP syndrome do not have antecedent hypertension or proteinuria. The risk factor for development of ascites is extensive structural damage of the microvasculature in patients complicated by HELLP. The aim of this study is to report a case with HELLP syndrome complicated with massive ascites after vaginal delivery that eventually resolved spontaneously.

  10. Radiosensitivity of Ehrlich ascites tumor clonogenic cells forming colonies in agar cultures in diffuse chambers

    A study was made of the dependence of survival of Ehrlich ascites tumor clonogenic cells on the 3d and 7th days following inoculation upon radiation dose (60Co-γ-rays) delivered under well oxygenated in vitro conditions. No differences were detected in radiosensitivity of 3- and 7-day Ehrlich ascites tumor cells: in both cases, the ''dose - effect'' curves were S-shaped with a small shoulder and close D0 values

  11. Successful treatment of massive ascites due to lupus peritonitis with hydroxychloroquine in old- onset lupus erythematosus

    Hammami, Sonia; Bdioui, Fethia; Ouaz, Afef; Loghmari, Hichem; Mahjoub, Sylvia; Saffar, Hamouda

    2014-01-01

    Systemic lupus erythematous (SLE) is an auto-immune disease with multiple organ involvements that occurs mainly in young women. Literature data suggest that serositis is more frequent in late-onset SLE. However, peritoneal serositis with massive ascites is an extremely rare manifestation. We report a case of old-onset lupus peritonitis treated successfully by Hydroxychloroquine. A 77-year-old Tunisian woman was hospitalized because of massive painful ascites. Her family history did not includ...

  12. A bivariate mixture model analysis of body weight and ascites traits in broilers.

    Zerehdaran, S; van Grevehof, E M; van der Waaij, E H; Bovenhuis, H

    2006-01-01

    The objective of the present study was to use bivariate mixture models to study the relationships between body weight (BW) and ascites indicator traits. Existing data were used from an experiment in which birds were housed in 2 groups under different climate conditions. In the first group, BW, the ratio of right ventricular weight to total ventricular weight (RV:TV), and hematocrit value (HCT) were measured in 4,202 broilers under cold conditions; in the second group, the same traits were measured in 795 birds under normal temperature conditions. Cold-stress conditions were applied to identify individuals that were susceptible to ascites. The RV:TV and HCT were approximately normally distributed under normal temperature conditions, whereas the distributions of these traits were skewed under cold temperature conditions, suggesting different underlying distributions. Fitting a bivariate mixture model to the observations showed that there was only one homogeneous population for ascites traits under normal temperature conditions, whereas there was a mixture of (2) distributions under cold conditions. One distribution contained nonascitic birds and the other distribution contained ascitic birds. In the distribution of nonascitic birds, the inferred phenotypic correlations (phenotypic correlations with 2 distinguishing underlying distributions) of BW with RV:TV and HCT were close to zero (0.10 and -0.07, respectively), whereas in the distribution of ascitic birds, the inferred phenotypic correlations of BW with RV:TV and HCT were negative (-0.39 and -0.4, respectively). The negative inferred correlations of BW with RV:TV and HCT in the distribution of ascitic birds resulted in negative overall correlations (correlations without 2 distinguishing distributions) of BW with RV:TV (-0.30) and HCT (-0.37) under cold conditions. The present results indicate that the overall correlations between BW and ascites traits are dependent on the relative frequency of ascitic and

  13. Cancer-derived VEGF plays no role in malignant ascites formation in the mouse

    Bayasi Guleng; Tsuneo Ikenoue; Yasushi Fukushima; Keita Morikane; Makoto Miyagishi; Kazunari Taira; Takao Kawabe; Masao Omata; Keisuke Tateishi; Fumihiko Kanai; Amarsanaa Jazag; Miki Ohta; Yoshinari Asaoka; Hideaki Ijichi; Yasuo Tanaka; Jun Imamura

    2005-01-01

    AIM: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a potent mediator of peritoneal fluid accumulation following tumor progression. This study investigated the role of VEGF secreted by cancerous cells in the formation of malignant ascites.METHODS: VEGF expression was eliminated byknockdown in the pancreas cancer cell-line PancO2 using vector-based short-hairpin type RNA interference (RNAi).Malignant ascites formation in the mouse was analyzed by intraperitoneal injection of PancO2 cells expressing VEGF or with expression knockdown.RESULTS: The VEGF knockdown PancO2 cell was successfully established. Knockdown of VEGF did not affect cancer cell proliferation in vitro or in vivo. The volume of ascites following peritoneal expansion of the tumor in VEGF knockdown cells and control cells did not differ statistically in this in vivo study. Moreover, the VEGF concentration in the ascites did not differ statistically.CONCLUSION: Malignant ascites formation might be mediated by VEGF production in noncancerous tissues,such as stromal compartments. An anti-VEGF strategy against malignant ascites could be applied to various tumors regardless of whether they secrete VEGF.

  14. Effect of Glycyrrhiza on the Diuretic Function of Euphorbia kansui: An Ascites Mouse Model

    Lin, Ya; Zhang, Yanqiong; Shang, Erxin; Lai, Wenfang; Zhu, Hongwei; Fang, Yuhua; Qin, Qingxia; Zhao, Haiyu; Lin, Na

    2016-01-01

    We investigated the therapeutic role of the herbal combination Euphorbia kansui (GS) and Glycyrrhiza (GC) in ascites during hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The AVPR2 and AQP2 expression in kidney tissues of ascites mice in different groups was determined by immunohistochemistry, Western blot, and real-time PCR analyses. When the dose of GS was less than 0.70 g/kg at a ratio of GC : GS not exceeding 0.4 : 1, the combination of GS and GC exhibited synergistic effects on HCC ascites and significantly elevated the expression levels of AVPR2 and AQP2 (all P < 0.05). On the contrary, when GS ≥ 0.93 g/kg and GC ≥ 1.03 g/kg with the GC-to-GS ratio exceeding 1.11 : 1, the combination of GS and GC displayed antagonistic effects on HCC ascites and dramatically reduced the expression levels of AVPR2 and AQP2 (all P < 0.05). Furthermore, the administration of herbal pair GS and GC at different ratios did not exacerbate the pathological changes in liver and kidney tissues of HCC ascites mice. The different combinations of GS and GC exerted synergistic or antagonistic effects on HCC ascites, partially by regulating the expression of AVPR2 and AQP2. PMID:27247609

  15. Increased calcium deposits and decreased Ca2+-ATPase in right ventricular myocardium of ascitic broiler chickens.

    Li, K; Qiao, J; Zhao, L; Dong, S; Ou, D; Wang, J; Wang, H; Xu, T

    2006-11-01

    Right ventricular hypertrophy and failure is an important step in the development of ascites syndrome (AS) in broiler chickens. Cytoplasmic calcium concentration is a major regulator of cardiac contractile function and various physiological processes in cardiac muscle cells. The purpose of this study was to measure the right ventricular pressure and investigate the precise ultrastructural location of Ca(2+) and Ca(2+)-ATPase in the right ventricular myocardium of chickens with AS induced by low ambient temperature. The results showed that the right ventricular diastolic pressure of ascitic broilers was significantly higher than that of control broilers (P ascitic broilers was significantly lower than that of the controls (P ascitic broilers, whereas in the age-matched control broilers, calcium deposits were much less. The Ca(2+)-ATPase reactive products were obviously found on the sarcoplasmic reticulum and mitochondrial membrane of the control right ventricular myocardium, but rarely observed in the ascitic broilers. The data suggest that in ascitic broilers there is the right ventricular diastolic dysfunction, in which the overload of intracellular calcium and the decreased Ca(2+)-ATPase activity might be the important factors. PMID:17054481

  16. Long-term albumin infusion improves survival in patients with cirrhosis and ascites: An unblinded randomized trial

    Roberto Giulio Romanelli; Paolo Gentilini; Giacomo Laffi; Giorgio La Villa; Giuseppe Barletta; Francesco Vizzutti; Fabio Lanini; Umberto Arena; Vieri Boddi; Roberto Tarquini; Pietro Pantaleo

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the effects of long-term albumin administration on survival, recurrence of ascites and onset of other complications.METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients admitted for first-onset ascites were randomized to receive diuretics plus human albumin 25 g/wk in the first year and 25g every two wk thereafter (group 1) or diuretics alone (group 2). The primary endpoint was survival without liver transplantation. Secondary endpoints were recurrence of ascites and occurrence of other complications.RESULTS: Median follow-up was 84 (2-120) mo. Albumin-treated patients had significantly greater cumulative survival rate (Breslow test= 7.05, P= 0.0078) and lower probability of ascites recurrence (51% versus 94%,P<0.0001). Chronic albumin infusion resulted in a mean increase in survival of 16 mo.CONCLUSION: Long-term albumin administration after first-onset ascites significantly improves patients' survival and decreases the risk of ascites recurrence.

  17. Methomyl-Induced Severe Acute Pancreatitis: Possible Etiological Association

    Ioannides M

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: N-methyl carbamate insecticides are widely used in homes, gardens and agriculture. They share the capacity to inhibit cholinesterase enzymes with organophosphates and therefore share similar symptomatology during acute and chronic exposures. One of the serious effects of organophosphate and carbamate intoxication is the development of acute pancreatitis and subsequent intrapancreatic fluid formation. CASE REPORT: An 18-year old Caucasian man was admitted to our Intensive Care Unit with cholinergic crisis symptomatology, after the ingestion of an unknown amount of a carbamate insecticide (methomyl. Pseudocholinesterase levels were 2 kU/L on the day of admission (reference range: 5.4-13.2 kU/L. Two days after admission, an abdominal CT scan revealed blurring of the peripancreatic fat planes, inflammation and swelling of the pancreas, and a substantial amount of ascitic fluid in the left anterior pararenal space and pelvis. Paracentesis and analysis of the ascitic fluid demonstrated findings diagnostic of pancreatic ascites. There had been no other evident predisposing factors for acute pancreatitis, other than methomyl intoxication. Eleven days after admission, pseudocholinesterase levels returned to normal, while a new abdominal CT scan revealed the formation of intrapancreatic fluid collection. The patient was discharged in good physical condition two weeks after admission. A follow up abdominal CT scan performed one month later showed a significant reduction in the size of the intrapancreatic fluid. DISCUSSION: Acute pancreatitis is not uncommon after organophosphate intoxication and carbamates share the same risk as organophosphorus pesticides. The development of acute pancreatitis and subsequent intrapancreatic fluid collection after methomyl intoxication has not previously been reported. This is the first case reported of acute pancreatitis and pancreatic ascite formation after anticholinesterase insecticide ingestion.

  18. Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of hepatic tumours: Factors affecting technical failure of artificial ascites formation using an angiosheath

    Aim: To evaluate the technical feasibility of artificial ascites formation using an angiosheath before percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for hepatic tumours and to determine predictive factors affecting the technical failure of artificial ascites formation. Materials and methods: This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board. One hundred and thirteen patients underwent percutaneous RFA of hepatic tumours after trying to make artificial ascites using an angiosheath to avoid collateral thermal damage. The technical success rate of making artificial ascites using an angiosheath and conversion rate to other techniques after initial failure of making artificial ascites were evaluated. The technical success rate for RFA was assessed. In addition, potential factors associated with technical failure including previous history of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) or RFA, type of abdominal surgery, and adjacent perihepatic structures were reviewed. Predictive factors for the technical failure of artificial ascites formation were analysed using multivariate analysis. Results: The technical success rates of artificial ascites formation by angiosheath and that of RFA were 84.1% (95/113) and 97.3% (110/113), respectively. The conversion rate to other techniques after the failure of artificial ascites formation using an angiosheath was 15.9% (18/113). Previous hepatic resection was the sole independent predictive factor affecting the technical failure of artificial ascites formation (p<0.001, odds ratio = 29.03, 95% confidence interval: 4.56–184.69). Conclusion: Making artificial ascites for RFA of hepatic tumours using an angiosheath was technically feasible in most cases. However, history of hepatic resection was a significant predictive factor affecting the technical failure of artificial ascites formation. - Highlights: • Making artificial ascites (AA) using an angiosheath is feasible (84.1%, 95/113). • However

  19. Treatment with interventional peritoneovenous shunts for intractable ascites

    Objective: To evaluate the value of the interventional peritoneovenous shunts (IPVS)for intractable ascites (IA). Methods: The passageway was built between abdominal cavity and superior vena cava(SVC)in 45 patients with IA. The pressure of abdominal cavity and SVC were measured during operation, the abdominal girth and the amount of urine were recorded after the operation. Results: The successful rate of operation was 100% with operation time of 20-40 min. The average difference of pressure between abdominal cavity and SVC was 129.3 cm H2O. The abdominal girth began to reduce 2 days later, and reduced obviously since then with an average of 7.8 cm. Simultaneously, the amount of urine obviously increased after operation with an average of 770 ml/d. The total effective rate reached 77.8% with no serious complications. Conclusion: IPVS has advantages of simple operation, minimal trauma and convenient for patients with IA nursing themselves etc. and thus improve the living quality of patients exactly. (authors)

  20. Immune mechanisms in Ehrlich ascites tumor growth in mice

    Normal mice immunised with irradiated Ehrlich ascites tumor (EAT) cells rejected EAT challenge given 2 weeks later but T-cell-deficient thymectomised lethally irradiated, and bone-marrow-reconstituted (TIR) mice succumbed. However, when TIR mice were injected i.v. with thymus, lymph node, or spleen cells from normalsyngetic donors immediately following i.p. injection of irradiated EAT cells, they rejected the subsequent tumor challenge. This induction of immunity in TIR mice was shown to be T-cell dependent. Spleen cells from EAT- bearing mice given immediately after irradiated tumor cells were also able to promote rejection of EAT challenge in TIR mice. Spleen cells from EAT-immune mice inhibited EAT growth when admixed with tumor cells prior to i.p. injection into normal recipients, but had no effect on progressive tumor growth when given i.v. immediately after i.p. tumor injection. Immune serum inhibited i.p. EAT growth when given either i.p. or i.v. Whereas inhibition of EAT growth by admixed spleen cells was shown to be T-cell independent. The data indicate that T lymphocytes are required only in the induction phase of the immune reponse of mice against EAT, while the efferent phase of the response is accomplished by serum antibodies, perhaps through an interaction with host macrophages. (author)

  1. Transport of calcium ions by Ehrlich ascites-tumour cells.

    Landry, Y; Lehninger, A L

    1976-08-15

    Ehrlich ascites-tumour cells accumulate Ca2+ when incubated aerobically with succinate, phosphate and rotenone, as revealed by isotopic and atomic-absorption measurements. Ca2+ does not stimulate oxygen consumption by carefully prepared Ehrlich cells, but des so when the cells are placed in a hypo-osmotic medium. Neither glutamate nor malate support Ca2+ uptake in 'intact' Ehrlich cells, nor does the endogenous NAD-linked respiration. Ca2+ uptake is completely dependent on mitochondrial energy-coupling mechansims. It was an unexpected finding that maximal Ca2+ uptake supported by succinate requires rotenone, which blocks oxidation of enogenous NAD-linked substrates. Phosphate functions as co-anion for entry of Ca2+. Ca2+ uptake is also supported by extra-cellular ATP; no other nucleoside 5'-di- or tri-phosphate was active. The accumulation of Ca2+ apparently takes place in the mitochondria, since oligomycin and atractyloside inhibit ATP-supported Ca2+ uptake. Glycolysis does not support Ca2+ uptake. Neither free mitochondria released from disrupted cells nor permeability-damaged cells capable of absorbing Trypan Blue were responsible for any large fraction of the total observed energy-coupled Ca2+ uptake. The observations reported also indicate that electron flow through energy-conserving site 1 promotes Ca2+ release from Ehrlich cells and that extra-cellular ATP increase permeability of the cell membrane, allowing both ATP and Ca2+ to enter the cells more readily. PMID:988829

  2. Sialomucin and lytic susceptibility of rat mammary tumor ascites cells.

    Moriarty, J; Skelly, C M; Bharathan, S; Moody, C E; Sherblom, A P

    1990-11-01

    The potential role of cell surface sialomucin in preventing natural killer (NK)-mediated lysis of tumor cell targets has been addressed by comparing the properties of 2 NK-resistant [ascites (ASC) and short-term cultured (STC)] and 2 NK-susceptible [tunicamycin-treated (TUN) and long-term cultured (LTC)] preparations of 13762 MAT-B1 rat mammary tumor cells. Both the ASC and STC cell preparations contain elevated levels of the sialomucin ASGP-1 relative to TUN and LTC preparations as determined by [3H]glucosamine labeling and by binding of peanut agglutinin. The major difference in the susceptibility to NK-mediated lysis appeared to be due to the differences in the susceptibility to lysis by lytic granules, rather than to differences in the ability to bind or trigger effector cells, since TUN and LTC cells were approximately 10-fold more sensitive to lysis by lytic granules than were ASC and STC cells. All preparations inhibited the lysis of the susceptible target YAC-1 by normal rat splenocytes, indicating an ability to bind these effector cells. Triggering of effectors, as monitored either by incorporation of 32P into phosphatidylinositol or by transmethylation of phosphatidylcholine, was similar for the positive control YAC-1, STC, TUN, and LTC, whereas ASC appeared to be defective in triggering effectors. These results suggest that tumor sialomucin blocks the final phase of lysis, but not the initial recognition of tumor cells by NK effectors. PMID:2208144

  3. Genetic parameters of ascites-related traits in broilers: effect of cold and normal temperature conditions.

    Pakdel, A; van Arendonk, J A M; Vereijken, A L J; Bovenhuis, H

    2005-02-01

    (1) Ascites syndrome is a growth-related disorder of broilers that occurs more often in fast-growing birds and at low temperatures. The objective of this study was to estimate genetic and phenotypic correlations among ascites-related traits measured either under cold or under normal temperature conditions, and to estimate genetic correlations between ascites-related traits measured under cold and normal conditions. (2) Several traits related to ascites were measured on more than 4000 chickens under cold conditions and on more than 700 chickens under normal conditions. (3) The heritability estimates for body weight (BW) measured under cold and normal conditions were 0.42 and 0.50, respectively, for haematocrit value 0.46 and 0.17, respectively, and for ratio of right to total ventricular weight 0.45 and 0.12, respectively. (4) The genetic correlation between BW and haematocrit value under cold conditions was -0.23 and between BW and ratio of right to total ventricular weight -0.27. Under normal conditions, however, these genetic correlations were 0.55 and 0.50, respectively. (5) These results demonstrate that the heritability estimates of ascites-related traits as well as genetic correlations between ascites-related traits and BW depend on the temperature conditions under which animals are kept. (6) Strong positive genetic correlations (around 0.8) were observed between total mortality, fluid in the abdomen and ratio of right to total ventricular weight under cold conditions. The genetic correlation between ratio of right to total ventricular weight under cold and normal conditions was 0.91. (7) These results suggest that the ratio of right to total ventricular weight measured under normal temperature conditions might serve as a good indicator trait for ascites. PMID:15835250

  4. Assessment of intestinal permeability and absorption in cirrhotic patients with ascites using combined sugar probes.

    Zuckerman, Marc J; Menzies, Ian S; Ho, Hoi; Gregory, Gavin G; Casner, Nancy A; Crane, Roger S; Hernandez, Jesus A

    2004-04-01

    Gastrointestinal dysfunction in patients with cirrhosis may contribute to complications such as malnutrition and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. To determine whether cirrhotic patients with ascites have altered intestinal function, we compared intestinal permeability and absorption in patients with liver disease and normal subjects. Intestinal permeability and absorption were investigated in 66 cirrhotic patients (48 with ascites, 18 without ascites) and 74 healthy control subjects. Timed recovery of 3-O-methyl-D-glucose, D-xylose, L-rhamnose, and lactulose in urine following oral administration was measured in order to assess active and passive carrier-mediated, and nonmediated, absorptive capacity, as well as intestinal large-pore/small-pore (lactulose/rhamnose) permeability. Test sugars were measured by quantitative thin-layer chromatography and results are expressed as a percentage of test dose recovered in a 5-h urine collection. Sugar excretion ratios relating to small intestinal permeability (lactulose/rhamnose) and absorption (rhamnose/3-O-methyl-D-glucose) were calculated to avoid the effects of nonmucosal factors such as renal clearance, portal hypertension, and ascites on the recovery of sugar probes in urine. Compared with normal subjects, the mean lactulose/rhamnose permeability ratio in cirrhotic patients with ascites was significantly higher (0.058 vs. 0.037, P < 0.001) but not in cirrhotic patients without ascites (0.041 vs. 0.037). Cirrhotic patients with ascites had significantly lower mean recoveries of 3-O-methyl-D-glucose (23.0 vs. 49.1%; P < 0.001), D-xylose (18.8 vs. 34.5%; P < 0.001), L-rhamnose (4.0 vs. 9.1%; P < 0.001), and lactulose (0.202 vs. 0.337%; P < 0.001) than normal subjects. However, the mean rhamnose/3-O-methyl-D-glucose ratio was the same in cirrhotic patients with ascites as normal subjects (0.189 vs. 0.189), indicating that the reduction in probe recovery was due to nonmucosal factors. Compared with normal subjects

  5. Predictive value of FibroScan on liver ascites cause by cirrhosis

    Ping HAN

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Objective To investigate the predictive value of FibroScan for liver ascites caused by cirrhosis.Methods A total of 651 patients with liver cirrhosis were subjected to FibroScan examination in People’s Liberation Army 302 Hospital from December 2009 to June 2010 and were enrolled in the present study.Among the patients,185 suffered from liver cirrhosis with ascites(all patients initially had ascites and 466 did not suffer from ascites.After obtaining the FibroScan value,the difference in liver cirrhosis caused by chronic hepatitis B and liver cirrhosis caused by chronic hepatitis C and other liver cirrhosis were analyzed.A Receive Operating Characteristic(ROC curve was drawn and the area under the curve(AUROC was analyzed to determine the cutoff value,sensitivity,specificity,positive predictive value,and negative predictive value of the FibroScan for predicting ascites.Results The FibroScan value of patients with liver cirrhosis caused by chronic hepatitis C [27.0(20.6-44.3kPa] was obviously higher than that of patients with liver cirrhosis caused by chronic hepatitis B [23.6(13.7-37.7kPa,P < 0.01].Moreover,the average FibroScan value of the other liver cirrhosis patients was 23.8(13.7-50.1kPa,which isn′t different from the FibroScan value of liver cirrhosis patients with chronic hepatitis C or B.The FibroScan median of the liver cirrhosis patients with ascites [45.0(33.1-69.1 kPa] was significantly higher than that of the liver cirrhosis patients without ascites [19.1(12.1-26.3 kPa,P < 0.01].The AUROC value of the FibroScan for predicting ascites was 0.895(95% CI: 0.869-0.918,the cutoff value of the diagnosis was 27.7 kPa,sensitivity was 88.2%,specificity was 81.5%,the positive predictive rate was 66.5%,and the negative predictive rate was 94.3%.Conclusion FibroScan can effectively predict the likelihood of ascites formation in patients with cirrhosis and has value for clinical application.

  6. Increased activity of group II phospholipase A2 in plasma in rat sodium deoxycholate induced acute pancreatitis

    Furue, S.; Hori, Y.(University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan); KUWABARA, K.; IKEUCHI, J; ONOYAMA, H; Yamamoto, M.; Tanaka, K.

    1997-01-01

    Background—Two different types of secretory phospholipase A2 (PLA2), pancreatic group I (PLA2-I) and non-pancreatic group II (PLA2-II), have been identified and postulated to be associated with the pathogenesis of various diseases, such as acute pancreatitis, septic shock, and multiple organ failure. 
Aims—To investigate the type of secretory PLA2 responsible for its catalytic activity found in plasma and ascites of experimental acute pancreatitis. 
Methods—Acute pancreat...

  7. Haptoglobin and CCR2 receptor expression in ovarian cancer cells that were exposed to ascitic fluid: exploring a new role of haptoglobin in the tumoral microenvironment.

    Garibay-Cerdenares, O L; Hernández-Ramírez, V I; Osorio-Trujillo, J C; Gallardo-Rincón, D; Talamás-Rohana, P

    2015-01-01

    Haptoglobin (Hp) is an acute-phase protein that is produced by the liver to capture the iron that is present in the blood circulation, thus avoiding its accumulation in the blood. Moreover, Hp has been detected in a wide variety of tissues, in which it performs various functions. In addition, this protein is considered a potential biomarker in many diseases, such as cancer, including ovarian carcinoma; however, its participation in the cancerous processes has not yet been determined. The objective of this work was to demonstrate the expression of Hp and its receptor CCR2 in the ovarian cancer cells and its possible involvement in the process of cell migration through changes in the rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton using western blot and wound-healing assays and confirming by confocal microscopy. Ovarian cancer cells express both Hp and its receptor CCR2 but only after exposure to ascitic fluid, inducing moderated cell migration. However, when the cells are exposed to exogenous Hp, the expression of CCR2 is induced together with drastic changes in the actin cytoskeleton rearrangement. At the same time, Hp induced cell migration in a much more efficient manner than did ascitic fluid. These effects were blocked when the CCR2 synthetic antagonist RS102895 was used to pretreat the cells. These results suggest that Hp-induced changes in the cell morphology, actin cytoskeleton structure, and migration ability of tumor cells, is possibly "preparing" these cells for the potential induction of the metastatic phenotype. PMID:26211665

  8. Acute peritonitis as the first presentation of valvular cardiomyopathy.

    Higgins, Nikki

    2012-02-01

    Valvular cardiomyopathy can present a diagnostic challenge in the absence of overt cardiac symptoms. This report describes the case of a 46-year-old woman who presented with acute peritonitis associated with vomiting and abdominal distension. Subsequent abdominal computed tomography and ultrasound revealed bibasal pleural effusions, ascites, and normal ovaries. An echocardiogram revealed that all cardiac chambers were dilated with a global decrease in contractility and severe mitral, tricuspid, and aortic regurgitation. A diagnosis of cardiomyopathy with acute heart failure, secondary to valvular heart disease, was secured. Acute peritonitis as the presenting feature of valvular cardiomyopathy is a rare clinical entity.

  9. Cytokinetic Control Mechanisms in Ehrlich Ascites Tumour Growth

    Ehrlich ascites tumour in mice was studied as a model system to elucidate the cytokinetic mechanisms controlling growth of cell populations. The basis for a retardation in growth rate during tumour development was determined with the aid of 3H-thymidine labelling and autoradiography. Three possible cytokinetic variables in growth regulation, namely, duration of the mitotic cell cycle, fraction of the cycling cells in the population (growth fraction) and rate of cell loss, were measured at different stages of growth. It was concluded that a deceleration in growth was a result of (1) a gradual prolongation of the cell cycle and its components and (2) a progressive decline in the growth fraction. Rate of cell loss did not appreciably change during most of the growth. It was also found that the total cell mass rather than the tumour age dictated the growth rate at any instant over a considerable range of growth. Non-cycling cells were found to resume cycle when a fraction of an old tumour was transplanted in new hosts, 3H-thymidine labelling combined with microspectrophotometric estimates of cellular DNA was utilized to locate the stages at which a cell cycle could be suspended or resumed. It was found that decycling or recycling could occur only after mitosis and before DNA synthesis; non-cycling (G0) state resembled G1, which was absent in the proliferating tumour cells. These findings are relevant to a further understanding of the molecular events leading to the initiation or suspension of a cell cycle. They are also pertinent to formulating a rationale for tumour therapy — for example with radiation — when coupled with the existing knowledge of the relative sensitivity of cells at different stages of cycle. (author)

  10. Symptomatic treatment of ascites with a peritoneo-vesical automated fluid shunt system in a dog.

    Venzin, C; Kook, P; Jenni, S; Wilhelm, S; Degen, T; Braun, A; Rütten, M; Glaus, T M

    2012-02-01

    A six-year-old Rottweiler with chronic ascites and moderate panhypoproteinaemia that had been treated with large volume paracentesis over several months duration was diagnosed with a large bi-atrial mass and hepatic fibrosis. For palliative treatment, a peritoneo-vesical automated fluid shunt system with an integrated chargeable battery and an integrated computer to control pump function and to transmit data transcutaneously was implanted by coeliotomy. The pump was left in place for 10 weeks, eliminating the need for further paracentesis during this time. At the end of this period, no ascites was discernible and serum protein concentrations had returned to their respective reference intervals. As a complication, decubitus with skin perforation had developed above the pump. Besides palliative treatment of chronic refractory ascites, this pump may have application in other conditions characterised by chronic cavity effusion or in peritoneal dialysis. PMID:22106956

  11. Peritoneal implants without ascites. Preoperative CT diagnosis in colon carcinoma patients

    We evaluated the preoperative CT findings in 10 patients with colon carcinoma in whom peritoneal metastases had been surgically confirmed. Seven patients lacked ascites. No CT findings suggestive of peritoneal metastasis were observed in two patients without ascites even by retrospective evaluation. A large mass was observed in the cul-de-sac in another. In the remaining four patients, small peritoneal metastases ranging from 8 to 11 mm in diameter were observed at the omentum in two, along the falciform ligament in one, and at both the omentum and the iliac fossa in one; three of these patients had received no prospective diagnosis of peritoneal metastasis prior to the surgery. In patients with advanced colon carcinoma with suspected serosal invasion, the entire peritoneal cavity should be carefully examined and interpreted using CT in order to detect small peritoneal implants even when ascites is absent. (author)

  12. Ovarian hemangioma with elevated CA125 and ascites mimicking ovarian cancer.

    Erdemoglu, E; Kamaci, M; Ozen, S; Sahin, H G; Kolusari, A

    2006-01-01

    We report a case of a very rare tumor of the ovary with an unusual presentation; an ovarian hemangioma with massive ascites and elevated CA125. A 57-year-old woman presenting with elevated CA125, massive ascites and a left solid adnexal mass of 60 x 47 mm, with calcification and increased blood flow at Doppler examination, was submitted to laparotomy. Frozen section was inconclusive and a staging procedure which complicated the patient was performed. Pathologic examination revealed cavernous hemangioma which is an extremely rare tumor of the ovary. Although it is very unusual, an ovarian hemangioma may present with ascites and elevated CA125 and the differential diagnosis from ovarian cancer should be considered. PMID:16620071

  13. 43. Inhibition effect of Solanum nigrum. L juice on S180 ascites cancer cells

    2001-01-01

    To study the action and application of Solanum nigrum.L Juice (abbreviate: S.J) on inhibiting tumors of S180 ascites cancer. Methods: Build mice tumor model through injecting S180 ascites cancer into mice's right armbet .48 male mice from KunMing of four to six weeks were randomly divided into 4 groups: Solanum Nigrum L Juice—high dosage (3mg/ml), middle dosage (1.5mg/ml), low dosage (0.75mg/ml); control group. After taking medicine for 15 days, kill the mice and measure the weight of tumor、spleen and thymus. Result: ①Tumor weights in middle and high dosage group are lighter than control group(P<0.05). ②Spleen index of test groups are different from control group(P<0.05). Conclusion: Solanum. nigrum.L Juice has inhibitory roles to S180 ascites cells.

  14. ASCITES SYNDROME (PULMONARY HYPERTENSION SYNDROME) IN BROILER CHICKENS: ARE WE SEEING THE LIGHT AT THE END OF THE TUNNEL?

    Ascites syndrome in broilers is a cascade of events that result in cardiac anomalies including an enlarged, flaccid heart, and right ventricular hypertrophy, as well as an accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity. Ascites was first noticed as a problem for commercial poultry producers, at farm...

  15. Ascitic and solid Ehrlich tumor inhibition by Chenopodium ambrosioides L. treatment.

    Nascimento, Flávia R F; Cruz, Gustavo V B; Pereira, Paulo Vitor S; Maciel, Márcia C G; Silva, Lucilene A; Azevedo, Ana Paula S; Barroqueiro, Elizabeth S B; Guerra, Rosane N M

    2006-04-25

    The leaves of Chenopodium ambrosioides L. [Chenopodiaceae] ('mastruz') have been indicated for the treatment of several diseases, among which the cancer. There are no results focusing the effect of C. ambrosioides treatment on tumor development in vivo. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of treatment with C. ambrosioides on Ehrlich tumor development. Swiss mice were treated by intraperitoneal route (i.p.) with hydroalcoholic extract from leaves of C. ambrosioides (5 mg/kg) or with PBS (control group) 48 h before or 48 h later the Ehrlich tumor implantation. The tumor cells were implanted on the left footpad (solid tumor) or in the peritoneal cavity (ascitic tumor). To determine the solid tumor growth, footpad was measured each 2 days until the fourteenth day, when the feet were weighed. Ascitic tumor development was evaluated after 8 days of tumor implantation by quantification of the ascitic fluid volume and tumor cell number. The i.p. administration of C. ambrosioides extract before or after the tumor implantation significantly inhibited the solid and ascitic Ehrlich tumor forms. This inhibition was observed in ascitic tumor cell number, in the ascitic volume, in the tumor-bearing foot size and foot weight when compared to control mice. The treatments also increased the survival of tumor-bearing mice. In conclusion, C. ambrosioides has a potent anti-tumoral effect which was evident with a small dose and even when the treatment was given two days after the tumor implantation. This effect is probably related with anti-oxidant properties of C. ambrosioides. PMID:16307762

  16. Strategies to alleviate the incidence of ascites in broilers: a review

    U Aftab

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Ascites is a complex problem caused by many interacting factors such as genetics, environment and management. Many nutritional, medicinal and management strategies have been proposed to alleviate the problem. Higher levels of dietary vitamin C and E along with selenium yeast might be beneficial, presumably because of their role in improving cellular integrity. Oils rich in n-3 fatty acids have been shown to reduce pulmonary hypertension and, consequently, ascites incidence. The potential use of flax oil has already been demonstrated, whereas the effects of other oils rich in n-3 fatty acids (fish, linseed and canola oils remain to be investigated. The assessment of the effects of dietary electrolyte balance on ascites incidence seems to be a promising field of research in broiler nutrition. In general, reducing the dietary level of salt (NaCl and adding bicarbonates to the diet and drinking water have been proposed as potential "cost-effective" methods to reduce ascites incidence. The use of nutrients/drug agents that increase the vascular capacity of the lungs or decrease the pulmonary vascular resistance may help to alleviate the problem, but economic and local feed regulations might restrict such use. Diuretics have also shown positive effects, presumably because there is a reduction of sodium and fluid retention in the body; litter humidity however must be closely monitored if diuretics are continuously administered. As the high metabolic rate (fast growth is a major factor contributing to the susceptibility of broilers to ascites, early-age feed or nutrient restriction (qualitative or quantitative or light restriction in order to slow down the growth rate seem practically viable methods, since final body weight is not compromised. Optimization of the house temperature and ventilation in cold weather seem helpful practices to decrease ascites incidence. Under practical conditions, it might be interesting to test the additive effects of

  17. Antineoplasic effect of aqueous extract of plectranthus amboinicus in ehrlich ascites carcinoma.

    Brandao, Eduardo M; Brandão, Paulo H D M; Souza, Ivone A; Paiva, Gerson S; de C Carvalho, Marcos; Lacerda, Claudio M

    2013-01-01

    There are 46,000 new cases of peritoneal carcinomatosis per year in the USA and 17,700 in Brazil. New media, including plant derivatives, are being tested in its treatment. Plectranthus amboinicus is a medicinal plant widely used in Brazil, especially in the northeast region, for the treatment of various diseases, including cancer. This present study evaluates the intraperitoneal use of aqueous extracts of Plectranthus amboinicus (AEPa) at a dose of 200 mg / kg for the treatment of the ascitic form of Ehrlich carcinoma. It is concluded also the AEPa produced antineoplastic effect in ascitic form of Ehrlich carcinoma. PMID:23983822

  18. Diagnosis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis: Role of tween 80 and triton X in ascitic fluid cultures

    Iyer R

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A patient with alcoholic cirrhosis of the liver, portal hypertension with hepatic encephalopathy and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP was admitted in an obtunded condition. Attempts at delineating the aetiology of the SBP using conventional cultures as well as automated systems were not successful. The use of non-anionic surfactant agents such as Tween 80-incorporated blood agar and Triton X treatment of the specimens facilitated the growth of Klebsiella pneumoniae from the ascitic fluid, which otherwise would have been concluded to represent culture-negative neutrocytic ascites. Thus, the use of the aforementioned agents could be explored in elucidating the aetiology of body cavity infections when conventional methods fail.

  19. Haematological characteristics predicting susceptibility for ascites. 2. High haematocrit values in juvenile chickens.

    Scheele, C W; van Der Klis, J D; Kwakernaak, C; Buys, N; Decuypere, E

    2003-07-01

    1. Male broilers of two different genetic stocks, a pure broiler sire line (A) and commercially available Ross broilers (B), were used to study the effect of differences in haematocrit values in 12-d-old chickens on the development of ascitic symptoms. Body weight gain (BWG), feed intake (FI) and feed conversion ratio (FRC) were measured from 2 to 5 weeks of age. Mortality was recorded from 2 to 6 weeks. The birds were kept at a low ambient temperature to stimulate the incidence of ascites. 2. From each stock 32 birds with the highest (High Ht) and 32 birds with the lowest (Low Ht) haematocrit values in venous blood were selected at 12 d of age for an examination on susceptibility for the ascites syndrome at 5 weeks. 3. At 2 weeks 448 birds per stock (including High Ht and Low Ht birds) were allotted to 32 floor pens (1 High Ht and 1 Low Ht in each pen). Venous blood samples were taken weekly in High Ht and Low Ht birds for haematocrit measurements and at week 5 also thyroid hormone (T3, T4) concentrations in plasma were measured. At 5 weeks all High Ht and Low Ht birds were examined post-mortem and arterial pressure index, heart weight, lung weight and liver weight (all relative to body weight) were recorded. High values for arterial pressure index, relative heart and liver weights and low values for relative lung weights and plasma thyroid hormone were considered to be indicators for ascites susceptibility. 4. Stock A, with the highest ascites mortality, had lower values for BWG and FCR than stock B. Throughout, a clear difference in Ht values between High Ht and Low Ht birds was maintained. No significant effects of 12-d haematocrit values were found on the incidence of ascitic symptoms until week 5. High Ht values tended to correlate with low relative lung weights and low plasma T3 concentrations in High Ht birds. 5. Within the groups of selected birds, there was an effect of stock on ascitic symptoms (arterial pressure index, relative heart weight and T3

  20. The Biochemical Effects of the Promising Hypoxic Cell radiosensitizers KIN-804, KIN-844, KIN-806 d TX-1877 in Mice Bearing Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma

    The existence of hypoxic cells in solid tumors is one of the important limiting factors in the local control of malignant tumors by radiation therapy. A series of new analogues of 2-nitroimidazole has been synthesized. Among these 2-nitroimidazoles, the derivatives KIN-804, KIN-806 and their analogs KIN-844, TX-1877 were selected, evaluated and compared biochemically with these of misonidazole (MISO). The radiosensitizing activity and acute toxicity of those new hypoxic cell radiosensitizer were previously established both in vitro and in vivo . The present study was design to evaluate the effect of those compounds at dose level 0.4g/kg body weight, injected alone or in combination with g-irradiation on the liver reduced glutathione content, (GSH); glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PDH); superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase and brain acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in Swiss albino mice bearing solid Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC, 2.5 x 10 cells)

  1. Antitumor Properties of Modified Detonation Nanodiamonds and Sorbed Doxorubicin on the Model of Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma.

    Medvedeva, N N; Zhukov, E L; Inzhevatkin, E V; Bezzabotnov, V E

    2016-01-01

    We studied antitumor properties of modified detonation nanodiamonds loaded with doxorubicin on in vivo model of Ehrlich ascites carcinoma. The type of tumor development and morphological characteristics of the liver, kidneys, and spleen were evaluated in experimental animals. Modified nanodiamonds injected intraperitoneally produced no antitumor effect on Ehrlich carcinoma. However, doxorubicin did not lose antitumor activity after sorption on modified nanodiamonds. PMID:26742746

  2. Ascitic fluid analysis for diagnosis and monitoring of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis

    Oliviero Riggio; Stefania Angeloni

    2009-01-01

    Polymorphonuclear (PMN) cell count in the ascitic fluid is essential for the diagnosis and management of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). To date, PMN cell count is routinely performed by traditional manual counting. However, this method is time-consuming, costly, and not always timely available. Therefore, considerable efforts have been made in recent years to develop an alternative test for a more rapid diagnosis and monitoring of SBP. The use of urinary reagent strips was proposed to achieve an "instant" bedside diagnosis of SBP. A series of reports evaluated the urine strip test for SBP diagnosis and reported promising results. However, a recent large multicenter study revealed a surprising lack of diagnostic efficacy of the urine screening test for SBP diagnosis. Another method, more recently proposed as an alternative to the manual PMN count, is the measurement of lactoferrin in ascitic fluid, but the data available on the diagnostic value of this test are limited to a single study. However,both urinary reagent strips and ascitic lactoferrin tests are qualitative methods and need, therefore, to be further confirmed by standard cytology of the ascitic fluid.To date, the only quantitative method proposed as a valid alternative to manual PMN counting is automated blood cell counters, commonly used in all laboratories for blood cell counting. Data available in the literature on the diagnostic performance of this method are limited but very promising, and this tool seems to have the potential to replace the manual counting method.

  3. New-onset ascites as a manifestation of virologic relapse in patients with hepatitis C cirrhosis

    Chua DL

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Deborah Lim Chua, Thomas Hahambis, Samuel H SigalDivision of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USABackground: Chronic hepatitis C is the most common cause of cirrhosis in industrialized countries. Successful treatment of chronic hepatitis C in patients with advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis has significant benefits, including improvements in inflammation, fibrosis, and portal hypertension, with prevention of esophageal varices and clinical decompensation.Case: In this report, we present two patients with well-compensated hepatitis C cirrhosis who achieved an end-of-treatment response on a direct-acting antiviral therapy-based triple regimen for hepatitis C virus, but subsequently presented with new-onset ascites associated with virologic relapse.Conclusion: We propose that the development of ascites in this setting is due to the adverse impact of inflammation of the virologic relapse on portal hypertension. Our observation that ascites formation can be a manifestation of virologic relapse has potentially important clinical implications, as it highlights not only the importance of close monitoring of cirrhotic patients after achieving end-of-treatment response but also the impact of active inflammation on the severity of portal hypertension.Keywords: chronic hepatitis C, cirrhosis, virologic relapse, portal hypertension, ascites

  4. pH regulation in sensitive and multidrug resistant Ehrlich ascites tumor cells

    Litman, Thomas; Pedersen, S F; Kramhøft, B;

    1998-01-01

    Maintenance and regulation of intracellular pH (pHi) was studied in wild-type Ehrlich ascites tumor cells (EHR2) and five progressively daunorubicin-resistant, P-glycoprotein (P-gp)-expressing strains, the maximally resistant of which is EHR2/1.3. Steady-state pHi was similar in cells expressing ...

  5. Characterisation of bacteria in ascites--reporting the potential of culture-independent, molecular analysis.

    Rogers, G B; Russell, L E; Preston, P G; Marsh, P; Collins, J E; Saunders, J; Sutton, J; Fine, D; Bruce, K D; Wright, M

    2010-05-01

    Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a severe complication of liver disease. A significant proportion of patients have culture-negative ascites, despite having similar signs, symptoms and mortality to those with SBP. Therefore, empirical antibiotic treatment for infection is often started without knowledge of the causative organisms. Here, we investigated the potential of molecular techniques to provide rapid and accurate characterisation of the bacteria present in ascitic fluid. Ascites samples were obtained from 29 cirrhotic patients undergoing clinically indicated therapeutic paracentesis. Bacterial content was determined by terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP) analysis, quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and 16S ribosomal clone sequence analysis. Bacterial signal was detected in all samples, compared to three out of ten using standard methods. Bacterial loads ranged from 5.5 x 10(2) to 5.4 x 10(7) cfu/ml, with a mean value of 1.9 x 10(6) cfu/ml (standard deviation +/- 9.6 x 10(6) cfu/ml). In all but one instance, bacterial species identified by culture were also confirmed by molecular analyses. Preliminary data presented here suggests that culture-independent, molecular analyses could provide rapid characterisation of the bacterial content of ascites fluid, providing a basis for the investigation of SBP development and allowing early and targeted antibiotic intervention. PMID:20238135

  6. [Refractory ascites: a fifteen-year experience with the peritoneovenous shunt].

    Cattaneo, U; Enrico, S; Serra, G C; Bergoglio, D; Corno, F; Fronda, G R

    1993-09-01

    The authors consider the various causes of ascites and they also develop the concept of refractory ascites. They consider the various possibilities of medical and dietary therapy whose failure constitutes the basis for a surgical approach. In the latter case it is being considered the Peritoneo Venous Shunt (PVS) that employs different types of valves. In the light of their personal experience, matured over a period of 15 years, in which 75 valves were positioned in 64 patients and precisely: 55 valves of Le Veen, 15 Hakim and 5 Denver, it is emphasized that the best results, as for as mortality and morbidity goes, were obtained through careful attention in the preoperative stage and during surgery itself with the privileged use of a Le Veen's valve. For such motives, since in a high percentage of these patients there persists a poor prognosis a year away from the onset of refractory ascites, a PVS seems proposable anyway and even though this will not alter the pathological outcome, there's a clear improvement in the quality of life without precluding any other surgical approach. Finally, the authors outline the possibilities offered by the Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS), as a new original approach for the resolution of refractory ascites. PMID:8286483

  7. [Peritoneojugular shunt in the treatment of idiopathic ascites in the hemodialyzed patient: a clinical case].

    Massari, R; Marinelli, S; Fulgente, R; Summa, R

    1995-01-01

    The case of an uremic patient receiving dialytic treatment, who also had an hydiopatic ascites, probably due to peritoneal hyper-waterproofing, is described. Peritoneo-venous shunt was positioned with good result. Generally, similar clinical situations such a therapy is as valid as other commonly used methods. PMID:8706186

  8. Haematological characteristics predicting susceptibility for ascites. 1. High carbon dioxide tensions in juvenile chickens.

    Scheele, C.W.; Klis, van der J.D.; Kwakernaak, C.; Buys, N.; Decuypere, E.

    2003-01-01

    1. Male broilers of two different genetic stocks, a pure broiler sire line (A) and commercially available Ross broilers (B), were used to study the effect of haematological characteristics in juvenile chickens on the development of clinical ascitic signs. Production performance (body weight gain (BW

  9. Fetal ascites: an unusual presentation of Niemann-Pick disease type C.

    Maconochie, I K; Chong, S; Mieli-Vergani, G; Lake, B D; Mowat, A P

    1989-01-01

    Two infants were seen with severe ascites detected before birth, a previously unreported presentation of Niemann-Pick disease type C. In the second infant no diagnostic storage cells were present in bone marrow. Confirmatory investigations were prompted by experience of the first case.

  10. Changes of biochemical parameters and enzyme activities in broiler chickens with cold-induced ascites.

    Daneshyar, M; Kermanshahi, H; Golian, A

    2009-01-01

    An experiment with 250 one-day-old male broilers (Ross 308) was conducted to investigate the differences of some blood parameters of cold-induced ascitic and healthy broiler chicks in a 6-wk period. The chickens were divided into 2 groups of 5 replicates each. One group of these chickens was raised in normal temperature (NT) treatment and the other in cold temperature (CT) treatment to induce ascites. Mortality was necropsied daily to determine cause of death. At the end of the experiment (wk 6), 5 chickens from each replicate were randomly selected and slaughtered. The heart was removed; the right ventricle was dissected away from the left ventricle and septum. Weights of right and left ventricles were determined separately. Average BW gain and average feed intake were measured weekly, and weekly average feed conversion ratio was calculated. Serum glucose, total protein, cholesterol, triglyceride, activity of lactate dehydrogenase, as-partate aminotransferase, and alanine aminotransferase were determined. Throughout the study, the right ventricle-to-total ventricle ratio and total mortality percentage due to ascites of CT-treated birds at the end of experiment was greater (P ascites could affect serum protein and fasting blood sugar of broiler chickens. PMID:19096064

  11. Optimization of monoclonal antibody production in mouse ascites by single whole-body irradiation

    Hybridoma cells injected intraperitoneally into mice induce formation of ascites tumors producing ascites fluid with high levels of monoclonal antibodies. Several parameters affect the growth of the immunoglobulin-producing tumors in vivo. In 10 different hybridomas the average ascites tumor formation rate could be increased from 32% (n = 338 mice) to 77% (n = 112 mice) by only one whole-body irradiation of paraffin-pretreated Balb/c mice. Production of monoclonal antibodies was better in males because of the significantly (p < 0.01) increased volume of ascites fluid. From the increased tumor formation rate in irradiated mice it is suggested that in non-irradiated recipients the tumor growth rate was lowered by immunological reactions against hybridoma cells provoked by cell surface neoantigens revealed by cell fusion and/or tumor-associated antigens of the myeloma parent cells as well as by altered antigen pattern caused by possible mutations in the myeloma cell line and/or Balb/c/K strain. (author)

  12. Haematological characteristics predicting susceptibility for ascites. 1. High carbon dioxide tensions in juvenile chickens.

    Scheele, C W; van Der Klis, J D; Kwakernaak, C; Buys, N; Decuypere, E

    2003-07-01

    1. Male broilers of two different genetic stocks, a pure broiler sire line (A) and commercially available Ross broilers (B), were used to study the effect of haematological characteristics in juvenile chickens on the development of clinical ascitic signs. Production performance (body weight gain (BWG), feed intake (FI), feed conversion ratio (FCR)) from 448 birds per stock was measured from 2 to 5 weeks of age. Mortality was recorded from 2 to 6 weeks of age. The birds were housed at a low ambient temperature to stimulate the incidence of ascites. 2. From each stock, 32 birds with the highest (high risk: HRc) and 32 birds with the lowest (low risk: LRc) carbon dioxide tensions (pCO2) in venous blood were selected at 11 d of age. These birds were marked for future blood sampling to determine changes in pCO2 with age to relate these values to ascites susceptibility. 3. At 2 weeks of age all birds (including HRc and LRc birds) were allotted to 32 floor pens (one HRc and one LRc in each pen) per stock. Venous blood samples were collected weekly from HRc and LRc birds for blood gas analysis and haematocrit, and at week 5 also for thyroid hormone (T3, T4) concentrations in plasma. At 5 weeks of age all HRc and LRc birds were examined post-mortem, relative heart, lung, and liver weights and arterial pressure index (API) values were recorded. 4. Birds from stock A showed a lower BWG and FCR and notably higher ascites mortality compared with stock B. An effect of pCO2 tensions at d 11 was found on the incidence of ascitic signs in selected birds of both stocks up to week 5. From the HRc groups 30% of the birds showed ascitic signs, whereas this was only 8% in the LRc group. LRc birds of stock B in particular showed constant low API values (20 +/- 3%) and none of these birds showed signs of ascites. 5. Our results suggest that the ascites problem in Ross birds can be eliminated by selection for low pCO2 tensions in venous blood. Stock effects on API, liver weight, lung

  13. The effect of ascitic fluid hydrostatic pressure on albumin extravasation rate in patients with cirrhosis of the liver

    Henriksen, J H; Parving, H H; Christiansen, Lasse;

    1981-01-01

    and pigs with posthepatic portal hypertension and intraperitoneally instilled fluid were studied before and after abdominal paracentesis in order to evaluate the effect of ascitic fluid hydrostatic pressure on the transvascular escape rate of albumin. TERalb of the ascitic patients (n = 6) were on......, TERalb rose significantly to an average of 24.3% IVMalb.h-1. The increased albumin extravasation rate after removal of ascites is best explained by an increased sinusoidal-tissue pressure difference caused by a decreased hydrostatic fluid pressure in the liver interstitium (portal and subcapsular spaces...

  14. Influência da ascite na avaliação da função pulmonar em portadores de hipertensão portal Influence of ascites in the pulmonary function of patients with portal hypertension

    Angela Maria Stiefano Nitrini; Roberto Stirbulov; Ernani Geraldo Rolim

    2004-01-01

    INTRODUÇÃO: A oxigenação inadequada nos pacientes com hipertensão portal pode ser secundária a alterações na mecânica respiratória, determinadas pela presença da ascite. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a função pulmonar de doentes com hipertensão portal antes e após redução do volumeda ascite. Método: Quinze doentes com hipertensão portal e ascite foram submetidos a provas de função pulmonar, constituindo-se de espirometria e gasometria arterial, antes e após redução do volume da ascite. Os parâmetros anal...

  15. Associação entre gradiente de pressão portal e ascite em pacientes com cirrose Relationship between portal pressure gradient and ascites in cirrhotic patients

    Sirlei Dittrich; Angelo Alves de Mattos; Ângelo Zambam de Mattos; Alexandro Vaesken Alves; Fernanda Branco de Araújo

    2010-01-01

    CONTEXTO: A hipertensão portal exerce papel importante na patogênese da ascite. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o gradiente de pressão venosa hepática e a presença de ascite em pacientes com cirrose. MÉTODOS: Foram estudados 83 pacientes com cirrose. Todos os doentes realizaram estudo ecográfico para a identificação de ascite e foram submetidos a estudo hemodinâmico hepático para determinação do gradiente de pressão venosa hepática. RESULTADOS: Na população avaliada, observou-se ascite em 70 doentes (84,3%...

  16. The prosurvival activity of ascites against TRAIL is associated with a shorter disease-free interval in patients with ovarian cancer

    Lane Denis

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The production of ascites is a common complication of ovarian cancer. Ascites constitute a unique tumor microenvironment that may affect disease progression. In this context, we recently showed that ovarian cancer ascites may protect tumor cells from TRAIL-induced apoptosis. In this study, we sought to determine whether the prosurvival effect of ascites affects disease-free intervals. Methods Peritoneal fluids were obtained from 54 women undergoing intra-abdominal surgery for suspected ovarian cancer (44 cancers and 10 benign diseases. The ability of peritoneal fluids to protect from TRAIL was assessed in the ovarian cancer cell line CaOV3, and IC50 were determined. The anti-apoptotic activity of 6 ascites against cisplatin, paclitaxel, doxorubicin, etoposide and vinorelbine was also assessed in CaOV3 cells, and the prosurvival activity of two ascites was assessed in 9 primary ovarian cancer cultures. Results Among the 54 peritoneal fluids tested, inhibition of TRAIL cytotoxicity was variable. Fluids originating from ovarian cancer were generally more protective than fluids from non-malignant diseases. Most of the 44 ovarian cancer ascites increased TRAIL IC50 and this inhibitory effect did not correlate strongly with the protein concentration in these ascites or the levels of serum CA125, a tumor antigen which is used in the clinic as a marker of tumor burden. The effect of ascites on cisplatin- and paclitaxel-induced cell death was assessed with 4 ascites having inhibitory effect on TRAIL-induced cell death and 2 that do not. The four ascites with prosurvival activity against TRAIL had some inhibitory on cisplatin and/or paclitaxel. Two ovarian cancer ascites, OVC346 and OVC509, also inhibited TRAIL cytotoxicity in 9 primary cultures of ovarian tumor and induced Akt activation in three of these primary cultures. Among a cohort of 35 patients with ascites, a threshold of TRAIL IC50 with ascites/IC50 without ascites > 2 was

  17. Effects of Enalapril on growth Performance, Ascites Mortality, Antioxidant Status and Blood Parameters in Broiler Chickens under Cold-Induced Ascites

    Fathi M

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Six hundred 1-d-old male broilers (Ross 308 were assigned to four experimental groups; each was composed of 5 floor pen replications of 30 birds including control (no enalapril, 15, 30 and 60 ppm enalapril in the drinking water. From d 21 to 49, all the chicks were exposed to low ambient temperature to induce ascites. Mortalities were inspected to determine the cause of death and diagnose of ascites. At the end of the experiment (wk 7, 2 chickens from each replicate were randomly selected and slaughtered. Body weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion ratio were calculated. Plasma protein, glucose, red blood cell, white blood cell, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein, malondialdehyde, the activity of alkaline phosphatase, aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, creatine kinase, total antioxidant capacity, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione peroxidase were also determined. Results showed that enalapril for 30 and 60 ppm, significantly improved feed conversion ratio and enhanced body weight gain when measured at day 49. These levels of enalapril compared to the other groups, significantly reduced malondialdehyde level and glutathione peroxidase activity, but increased total antioxidant capacity and superoxide dismutase activity in plasma. Moreover, enalapril at levels of 30 and 60 ppm, significantly reduced aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and creatine kinase activities in plasma. Mortality due to ascites and right to total ventricular weight ratio were significantly low in groups received enalapril at greater levels (≥30 ppm. Compared to the control, enalapril increased high-density lipoprotein. In conclusion, enalapril could improve growth performance and reduced mortality in broilers.

  18. Protective Effect of Propolis (Bee Glue) in Mice Bearing Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma

    Cancer is considered one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Many studies were carried out to investigate the discovery of natural and synthetic compounds that can be used in the prevention and/or treatment of cancer. Natural products of either plant or animal origin that exhibit antitumour activity have been discovered. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the protective effect of ethanolic extract of propolis without or with radiation exposure in Ehrlich ascites carcinoma- bearing female albino mice. The animals were randomly distributed into three major groups as follows: group A (control group): consists of 10 mice kept on normal standard rodent diet without any treatment and housed in two cages: mice of the first cage served as control for non tumour-bearing group and the second cage served as control for tumour-bearing group. Group B (non tumour-bearing group): consists of 15 mice and used to study the effect of the vehicle solution (gum acacia), propolis and gamma irradiation on normal mice. Mice of this group were equally distributed into three subgroups receiving gum acacia, propolis for two weeks and gamma irradiated. Group C (tumour bearing group): consists of 20 mice randomly and equally distributed into 4 subgroups: Ehrlich ascites carcinoma, Ehrlich ascites carcinoma and 2 Gy irradiated, Ehrlich ascites carcinoma and propolis treated, and Ehrlich ascites carcinoma and propolis irradiated. Plasma and hepatic lipid peroxidation index (TBARS), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH) were assessed in RBC and liver together with hepatic aspartate amino transferase (AST) and alanine amino transferase (ALT) and histopathological examination of liver sections. There was decrease in the levels of SOD and GSH as well as an increase in TBARS in mice bearing EAC in addition to increase in hepatic levels of AST and ALT. The microscopical examination of liver sections of mice bearing EAC showed various histopathological

  19. Genetic and phenotypic relationships between blood gas parameters and ascites-related traits in broilers.

    Closter, A M; van As, P; Groenen, M A M; Vereijken, A L J; van Arendonk, J A M; Bovenhuis, H

    2009-03-01

    Ascites, also called pulmonary hypertension syndrome, is a metabolic disorder in chickens that have an insufficient pulmonary vascular capacity. The tendency of broilers to develop ascites is heritable, and successful selection against this susceptibility would benefit from good and easy-to-measure indicator traits. Blood gas parameters have been suggested as indicator traits for ascites susceptibility. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to estimate the heritability of blood gas parameters and the genetic and phenotypic correlations between blood gas parameters, heart ratio (postmortem indicator for ascites), and BW at 2 different ages. For this purpose, blood gas parameters, including the partial pressure of carbon dioxide in venous blood (pvCO(2)), the partial pressure of oxygen in venous blood (pvO(2)), and blood oxygen saturation, were measured at an average age of 22 d in nearly 3,000 broilers. To challenge the resistance of the birds to ascites, they were kept under cold conditions. Heritability for heart ratio was 0.43, and the heritability estimates were low: 0.02 for pvCO(2), 0.03 for pvO(2), and 0.07 for blood oxygen saturation. The estimated heritability for pH was 0.15, for bicarbonate was 0.19, and for total carbon dioxide content was 0.19. The genetic correlations between heart ratio and total carbon dioxide content (0.31 +/- 0.15) and between heart ratio and bicarbonate (0.31 +/- 0.15) were moderate and positive. For pvO(2), the genetic correlation with heart ratio was stronger and negative (-0.62 +/- 0.21); however, this correlation could not be estimated accurately because of the low heritability of pvO(2). For pvCO(2), the genetic correlation with the heart ratio was close to zero (-0.04 +/- 0.45). Phenotypic correlations between traits were, in general, similar to the genetic correlations. Heritabilities for blood gas parameters and the genetic correlations between blood gas parameters and the heart ratio estimated in the present study

  20. Microheterogeneity of transthyretin in serum and ascitic fluid of ovarian cancer patients

    Transthyretin (TTR), a traditional biomarker for nutritional and inflammatory status exists in different molecular variants of yet unknown importance. A truncated form of TTR has recently been described to be part of a set of biomarkers for the diagnosis of ovarian cancer. The main aim of the study was therefore to characterize differences in microheterogeneity between ascitic fluid and plasma of women affected with ovarian cancer and to evaluate the tumor site as the possible source of TTR. Subjects were 48 women with primary invasive epithelial ovarian cancer or recurrent ovarian carcinoma. The control group consisted of 20 postmenopausal women. TTR and retinol-binding protein (RBP) levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels by a high-sensitivity latex particle turbidimetric assay. The molecular heterogeneity of TTR was analysed using immunoprecipitation and matrix-associated laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). Presence of TTR in tumor tissue was determined with indirect peroxidase immunostaining. TTR and RBP (μg/ml) levels in serum were 148.5 ± 96.7 and 22.5 ± 14.8 in affected women compared to 363.3 ± 105.5 and 55.8 ± 9.3 in healthy postmenopausal women (p < 0.01). In ascitic fluid, levels were 1.02 ± 0.24 and 4.63 ± 1.57 μg/ml, respectively. The mean levels of TTR and RBP in serum showed a tendency to decrease with the severity of the disease and were lower in affected women whose CRP levels were > 40 mg/ml (p = 0.08 for TTR; p < 0.05 for RBP). No differences in TTR microheterogeneity were observed between TTR isolated from serum of affected and healthy women or from ascitic fluid. TTR occurred rather consistently in four variants. Mass signals were at 13758 ± 7, 13876 ± 13 (greatest intensity), 13924 ± 21 and 14062 ± 24 Da, representing native, S-cysteinylated, S-cysteinglycinylated and glutathionylated TTR, respectively. Serum of healthy and affected women

  1. Isolation and characterization of tumor cells from the ascites of ovarian cancer patients: molecular phenotype of chemoresistant ovarian tumors.

    Ardian Latifi

    Full Text Available Tumor cells in ascites are a major source of disease recurrence in ovarian cancer patients. In an attempt to identify and profile the population of ascites cells obtained from ovarian cancer patients, a novel method was developed to separate adherent (AD and non-adherent (NAD cells in culture. Twenty-five patients were recruited to this study; 11 chemonaive (CN and 14 chemoresistant (CR. AD cells from both CN and CR patients exhibited mesenchymal morphology with an antigen profile of mesenchymal stem cells and fibroblasts. Conversely, NAD cells had an epithelial morphology with enhanced expression of cancer antigen 125 (CA125, epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM and cytokeratin 7. NAD cells developed infiltrating tumors and ascites within 12-14 weeks after intraperitoneal (i.p. injections into nude mice, whereas AD cells remained non-tumorigenic for up to 20 weeks. Subsequent comparison of selective epithelial, mesenchymal and cancer stem cell (CSC markers between AD and NAD populations of CN and CR patients demonstrated an enhanced trend in mRNA expression of E-cadherin, EpCAM, STAT3 and Oct4 in the NAD population of CR patients. A similar trend of enhanced mRNA expression of CD44, MMP9 and Oct4 was observed in the AD population of CR patients. Hence, using a novel purification method we demonstrate for the first time a distinct separation of ascites cells into epithelial tumorigenic and mesenchymal non-tumorigenic populations. We also demonstrate that cells from the ascites of CR patients are predominantly epithelial and show a trend towards increased mRNA expression of genes associated with CSCs, compared to cells isolated from the ascites of CN patients. As the tumor cells in the ascites of ovarian cancer patients play a dominant role in disease recurrence, a thorough understanding of the biology of the ascites microenvironment from CR and CN patients is essential for effective therapeutic interventions.

  2. Malignant biliary obstruction complicated by ascites: Closure of the transhepatic tract with cyanoacrylate glue after placement of an endoprosthesis

    A new technique using cyanoacrylate glue is suggested for closing the transparenchymal tract following metallic endoprosthesis placement in a patient with malignant biliary obstruction complicated by ascites. With this technique, complications related to bile reflux through the transparenchymal tract would be avoided after transhepatic endoprosthesis placement in patients who have ascites. This technique would also be useful for avoiding bleeding following transhepatic portal venous puncture

  3. The clinical management of abdominal ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and hepatorenal syndrome: a review of current guidelines and recommendations.

    Pericleous, Marinos; Sarnowski, Alexander; Moore, Alice; Fijten, Rik; Zaman, Murtaza

    2016-03-01

    Several pathogenic processes have been implicated in the development of abdominal ascites. Portal hypertension, most usually in the context of liver cirrhosis, can explain about 75% of the cases, whereas infective, inflammatory and infiltrative aetiologies can account for the rest. In this article, we discuss the consensus best practice as published by three professional bodies for the management of ascites, spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) and hepatorenal syndrome (HRS). The aim of this study was to compare available clinical guidelines and identify areas of agreement and conflict. We carried out a review of the guidance documentation published by three expert bodies including the British Society of Gastroenterology, the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) and the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD), as well as a wider literature search for ascites, SBP and HRS. Abdominal ultrasonography, diagnostic paracentesis and ascitic fluid cultures are recommended by all three guidelines, especially when there is strong clinical suspicion for infection. EASL and AASLD advocate the use of ascitic amylase and mycobacterial cultures/PCR when there is strong suspicion for tuberculosis and pancreatitis, respectively. Ascitic cytology can be useful when cancer is suspected and has a good diagnostic yield if performed correctly. EASL supports the use of urinary electrolytes for all patients; however, the British Society of Gastroenterology and AASLD only recommend their use for therapy monitoring. All three societies recommend cefotaxime as the antibiotic of choice for SBP and large-volume paracentesis for the management of ascites greater than 5 l in volume. For HRS, cautious diuresis, volume expansion with albumin and the use of vasoactive drugs are recommended. There appears to be good concordance between recommendations by the European, American and British guidelines for the management of ascites and the possible

  4. Bacterial DNA activates cell mediated immune response and nitric oxide overproduction in peritoneal macrophages from patients with cirrhosis and ascites

    Francés, R; Muñoz, C.; Zapater, P; Uceda, F; Gascón, I; Pascual, S.; Pérez-Mateo, M; J. Such

    2004-01-01

    Background and aims: Translocation of intestinal bacteria to ascitic fluid is probably the first step in the development of episodes of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in patients with cirrhosis. We have recently reported the detection of bacterial DNA in blood and ascitic fluid from patients with advanced cirrhosis, what we consider as molecular evidence of bacterial translocation. Several studies have shown the immunogenic role of bacterial DNA in vitro, and we hypothesised that the prese...

  5. A Case of Congenital Malignant Spinal Cord Glioma as a Cause of Congenital Ascites in a Neonate.

    Karber, Bianca; Omesi, Lenore; Chang, Sunny; Handel, Andrew; Hegedus, Monica; Maduekwe, Echezona

    2016-01-01

    Congenital ascites is rare, but when it occurs, urinary ascites secondary to posterior urethral valve obstruction is the most common, and tumors are the least. Among the tumors in the pediatric population, the central nervous system tumors are common, but spinal cord tumors are rare. We describe a very rare case of congenital malignant spinal cord glioma presenting as isolated congenital ascites secondary to neurogenic bladder. A female infant was diagnosed sonographically with isolated congenital ascites at 40 weeks' gestational age, with uneventful development prior to 40 weeks' gestational age. Magnetic resonance imaging of the spine done within the first week of life identified a lobulated spinal mass with heterogeneous enhancement within the conus medullaris. Spinal fluid analysis showed evidence of small round blue cells and the pathology from the excision biopsy of the mass confirmed a WHO grade III or IV malignant glioma. The postoperative course was uneventful with resolution of the ascites and spontaneous micturition. The patient was discharged home without an indwelling urinary catheter. We report the first documented case of a newborn infant with isolated congenital ascites from neurogenic bladder secondary to a spinal cord glioma. PMID:27597917

  6. Evolution of sarcoma 180 (ascitic tumor in mice infected with Schistosoma mansoni

    Fausto Edmundo Lima Pereira

    1986-03-01

    Full Text Available Mice infected with 60 cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni were more resistant to the sarcoma 180 ascites tumor. Tumor inoculation was performed 50 days after schistosoma infection and the animals were observed and weighed at 48 hours intervals for development and progression of malignancy. In infected mice the weight gain (ascites formation started later and was shorter than in uninfected Controls. Also, the number of tumor cells into the peritoneal cavity 72h after tumor implantation was shorter in infected group than incontrols. This in creased resistance against a transplantable tumor probably is related to the effect of endotoxin on tumoricidal activity of macrophages activated by the infection. The immunodepression induced by Schistosoma mansoni infection enhances the proliferation of endogenous bacteria increasing the amount of endotoxin absorbed from the gut.

  7. Two Unusual but Treatable Causes of Refractory Ascites After Liver Transplantation.

    Novelli, P M; Shields, J; Krishnamurthy, V; Cho, K

    2015-12-01

    Refractory ascites (RA) is thought to complicate the postoperative course of 5-7% (Nishida et al. in Am J Transplant. 6: 140-149, 2006; Gotthardt et al. in Ann Transplant. 18: 378-383, 2013) of liver transplant recipients. RA after liver transplantation is often a frustrating diagnostic dilemma with few good management options unless an obvious mechanical factor is identified. Supportive therapies often fail until a treatable precipitating cause is identified and removed. We describe two patients who developed RA following liver transplantation for primary sclerosing cholangitis, and hepatitis C and alcoholic liver disease, respectively. The cause for RA was hyperkinetic portal hypertension secondary to splenomegaly in the first case and a pancreatic AVM in the 2nd case. After failure of other interventions, surgical splenectomy resulted in immediate and durable resolution of the previously intractable ascites. PMID:26017456

  8. Detection of SMARCB1 loss in ascites cells in the diagnosis of an abdominal rhabdoid tumor.

    Kerl, Kornelius; Oyen, Florian; Leuschner, Ivo; Schneppenheim, Reinhard; Nagel, Inga; Siebert, Reiner; Groll, Andreas H; Hartmann, Wolfgang; Barth, Peter Josef; Bartelheim, Kerstin; Seringer, Angela; Wardelmann, Eva; Frühwald, Michael C

    2015-05-01

    We report on how MLPA and Sequencing of SMARCB1/INI1/SNF5 might be applied for initial diagnosis of rhabdoid tumor patients. These techniques were successfully used to detect loss of SMARCB1 in tumor cells of the ascites in a 3-month-old patient in which tumor biopsy could not initially be made due to life threatening intraabdominal bleedings. PMID:25663425

  9. ANTIGENIC RELATEDNESS OF SELECTED FLAVIVIRUSES: STUDY WITH HOMOLOGOUS AND HETEROLOGOUS IMMUNE MOUSE ASCITIC FLUIDS

    S.S. Baba; Fagbami, A. H.; O. D. OLALEYE

    1998-01-01

    The antigenic relationship of 9 flaviviruses, Yellow fever (YF) , Wesselsbron (WSL) , Uganda S (UGS) , Potiskum (POT), West Nile (WN) , Banzi (BAN) , Zika (ZK) , Dengue type 1 (DEN-1) and Dengue type 2 (DEN-2), was assessed by cross-haemagglutination-inhibition (Cross-HI) and cross-complement fixation (Cross-CF) reactions between each of the viruses and their homologous immune mouse ascitic fluids. Titre ratios were calculated using the heterologous and homologous titres. Cross-CF reactions r...

  10. Malignant Ascites after Subduroperitoneal Shunt in a Patient with Leptomeningeal Metastasis

    Lee, Min Ho; Lee, Jung-Il

    2011-01-01

    Leptomeningeal metastasis is a devastating complication of advanced stage cancer. It is frequently accompanied by hydrocephalus and intracranial hypertension that must be treated by ventriculoperitoneal shunts. However, there are actual risks of peritoneal seeding or accumulation of malignant ascites after the cerebrospinal fluid diversion procedure, though it has not been reported. Here, we present the case of a patient with non-small cell lung cancer with leptomeningeal metastasis in whom m...

  11. Peritoneal Malignant Mesothelioma with Epithelioid Type, Demonstrating High Serum and Ascitic KL-6 Levels: Immunohistochemical Analyses

    Saifun Nahar; Manabu Nakamoto; Akira Hokama; Chiharu Kobashigawa; Masatoshi Kaida; Tetsu Kinjo; Tetsuo Hirata; Nagisa Kinjo; Masanao Saio; Naoki Yoshimi; Yuji Ohtsuki; Jiro Fujita

    2015-01-01

    We report a case of KL-6 producing peritoneal malignant mesothelioma. A 56-year-old woman was referred to our hospital on November 2005 with severe abdominal distention. Peritoneal malignant mesothelioma with epithelioid type was diagnosed by clinical symptoms, laboratory investigations, imaging studies, and immunohistochemical examination of known tumor markers. In addition, high serum and ascitic KL-6 levels were observed and the immunostaining of the tumor for KL-6 was evident. We thus con...

  12. Preperitoneal Collection After Endoscopic Extraperitoneal Inguinal Hernioplasty in a Patient With Malignant Ascites

    Hung, Lau

    2003-01-01

    Painful preperitoneal collection is a rare complication following endoscopic totally extraperitoneal inguinal hernioplasty. Here we present the case of a woman who underwent endoscopic extraperitoneal inguinal hernioplasty for a left inguinal hernia. Her past health was good. During the dissection of the extraperitoneal space, clear ascitic fluid was noted upon breaching the peritoneum near the round ligament. Endoscopic stapling was used to close the peritoneal tear, and the procedure was co...

  13. The value of sonographic gallbladder wall patterns in differentiating malignant from benign ascites

    Lee, Young Rae; Park, Hae Won; Lee, Young Uk; Oh, Won Ja [Koryo General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1991-09-15

    This investigation evaluates whether the appearance and thickness of the gallbladder (GB) wall can be clinically useful to determine the etiology of ascites by ultrasonography. Another purpose of this study is to verify the existence of statistically significant relationship between GB wall patterns and serum albumin level. Findings on ultrasonogram were reviewed retrospectively in 90 patients with ascites. The statistical analysis of the results reveals no correlation between hypoalbuminemia and GB wall patterns (P>0.05). There was a significant difference in GB wall patterns between benign (group 1 and 2) and malignant (group 3 and 4) conditions (P>0.05). The carcinoma, with the exception of hepatocellular the gallbladder wall was significantly thicker in the cirrhosis brougs than in the malignant group. Twenty-seven patients (87%) in group 1 had thickened GB walls, whereas 16 patients (76%) in group 3 showed normal single layered GB walls. This difference was statistically significant (P>0.05). However no statistically significant difference was found between liver cirrhosis (group 1) and liver cirrhosis associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (group 4) (P>0.05). Also, with the except of hepatocellular carcinoma (group 3) there also was no significant difference found between benign noncirrhotic pathology (group 2) and malignancy. These results suggests that there is a distant sonographic appearance of the GB wall according to different ascitis etiologies. This can pathology be seen when comparing patients with liver carrhosis and malignancy other than hepatocellular carcinoma. However sonographic findings of the GB wall patterns in ascites lacks diagnostic value in differentiating benign from malignant disease causing ascites.

  14. The value of sonographic gallbladder wall patterns in differentiating malignant from benign ascites

    This investigation evaluates whether the appearance and thickness of the gallbladder (GB) wall can be clinically useful to determine the etiology of ascites by ultrasonography. Another purpose of this study is to verify the existence of statistically significant relationship between GB wall patterns and serum albumin level. Findings on ultrasonogram were reviewed retrospectively in 90 patients with ascites. The statistical analysis of the results reveals no correlation between hypoalbuminemia and GB wall patterns (P>0.05). There was a significant difference in GB wall patterns between benign (group 1 and 2) and malignant (group 3 and 4) conditions (P>0.05). The carcinoma, with the exception of hepatocellular the gallbladder wall was significantly thicker in the cirrhosis brougs than in the malignant group. Twenty-seven patients (87%) in group 1 had thickened GB walls, whereas 16 patients (76%) in group 3 showed normal single layered GB walls. This difference was statistically significant (P>0.05). However no statistically significant difference was found between liver cirrhosis (group 1) and liver cirrhosis associated with hepatocellular carcinoma (group 4) (P>0.05). Also, with the except of hepatocellular carcinoma (group 3) there also was no significant difference found between benign noncirrhotic pathology (group 2) and malignancy. These results suggests that there is a distant sonographic appearance of the GB wall according to different ascitis etiologies. This can pathology be seen when comparing patients with liver carrhosis and malignancy other than hepatocellular carcinoma. However sonographic findings of the GB wall patterns in ascites lacks diagnostic value in differentiating benign from malignant disease causing ascites

  15. Inhibition of cysteine peptidase activity in ascitic fluid in pancreatic cancer patients.

    Adam Skalski

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The work's objective is to answer the question whether there is any possibility of activity inhibition of cysteine peptidases inhibitors playing an important role in key processes accompanying cancer formation, including pancreas. There is a justified speculation that specific inhibitors of these enzymes may inhibit development of cancer processes by inhibiting their activity. In vitro studies confirmed that these enzymes in ascitic fluid were inhibited with egg whites inhibitors even to 90% of their original activity.

  16. The lymphatic vascular system in liver diseases: its role in ascites formation

    Chung, Chuhan; Iwakiri, Yasuko

    2013-01-01

    The lymphatic system is part of the circulatory system and plays a key role in normal vascular function. Its failure plays a crucial role in the development and maintenance of various diseases including liver diseases. Lymphangiogenesis (the growth of lymphatic vessels) and changes in the properties of lymphatic vessels are associated with pathogenesis of tumor metastases, ascites formation, liver fibrosis/cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Despite its significant role in liver diseases and i...

  17. Peritonite meconial como diagnóstico diferencial de ascite fetal: relato de caso Meconium peritonitis in the differential diagnosis of fetal ascites: a case report

    Melania Maria Ramos de Amorim

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: a peritonite meconial, como resultado da perfuração intestinal fetal, apresenta baixa incidência (1:30.000 nascimentos e elevada mortalidade (em torno de 50%. Os achados ecográficos pré-natais incluem ascite e calcificações intra-abdominais. Há evidências de que o diagnóstico pré-natal possa melhorar o prognóstico pós-natal. Relato do Caso: R.C.M.S., 22 anos, II gesta O para, realizou ultra-sonografia em 02/12/98 com diagnóstico de ascite fetal. Fez investigação para hidropisia fetal, afastando-se causas imunes e não-imunes. Foram realizados ecografias seriadas em que se manteve a imagem de ascite fetal acentuada, sem calcificações. Parto normal em 02/01/99, com 36 semanas, observando-se volumoso poliidrâmnio. Recém-nascido do sexo feminino pesando 2.670 gramas, com sinais de desconforto respiratório, abdome distendido e com petéquias. Apresentou aumento progressivo da distensão abdominal, palpação de massa pétrea no hipocôndrio direito e eliminação de muco branco ao toque retal. Raios-x em 04/01/99 com imagem de extensas calcificações abdominais, distensão de alças intestinais e ausência de gás na ampola retal. Hipótese diagnóstica de peritonite meconial. Indicada laparotomia exploradora em 04/01/99, encontrando-se volumoso cisto meconial e atresia ileal, realizando-se lise de aderências e ileostomia em dupla boca. Evolução satisfatória nos primeiros dias de pós-operatório, complicada posteriormente por quadro séptico, verificando-se o óbito neonatal em 09/01/99. Conclusão: a peritonite meconial deve ser lembrada no diagnóstico diferencial das causas de ascite fetal. O diagnóstico pré-natal no presente caso poderia ter antecipado a indicação cirúrgica, com possível melhora da evolução neonatal.Introduction: meconium peritonitis as result of fetal intestinal perforation has a low incidence (1:30,000 deliveries and high mortality (50% or more. Prenatal ultrasound findings

  18. Pantothenic acid and its derivatives protect Ehrlich ascites tumor cells against lipid peroxidation.

    Slyshenkov, V S; Rakowska, M; Moiseenok, A G; Wojtczak, L

    1995-12-01

    Preincubation of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells at 22 or 32 degrees C, but not at 0 degree C, with pantothenic acid, 4'-phosphopantothenic acid, pantothenol, or pantethine reduced lipid peroxidation (measured by production of thiobarbituric acid-reactive compounds) induced by the Fenton reaction (Fe2+ + H2O2) and partly protected the plasma membrane against the leakiness to cytoplasmic proteins produced by the same reagent. Pantothenic acid and its derivatives did not inhibit (Fe2+ + H2O2)-induced peroxidation of phospholipid multilamellar vesicles, thus indicating that their effect on the cells was not due to the scavenging mechanism. Homopantothenic acid and its 4'-phosphate ester (which are not precursors of CoA) neither protected Ehrlich ascites tumor cells against lipid peroxidation nor prevented plasma membrane leakiness under the same conditions. Incubation of the cells with pantothenic acid, 4'-phosphopantothenic acid, pantothenol, or pantethine significantly increased the amount of cellular CoA and potentiated incorporation of added palmitate into phospholipids and cholesterol esters. It is concluded that pantothenic acid and its related compounds protect the plasma membrane of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells against the damage by oxygen free radicals due to increasing cellular level of CoA. The latter compound may act by diminishing propagation of lipid peroxidation and promoting repair mechanisms, mainly the synthesis of phospholipids. PMID:8582649

  19. [Anesthetic Management of Peritonectomy and Extended Operation for Peritoneal Pseudomyxoma Combined with Massive Ascites].

    Yamasaki, Tomoki; Komasawa, Nobuyasu; Matsunami, Sayuri; Kido, Haruki; Minami, Toshiaki

    2016-06-01

    We report successful anesthetic management of extended operation for peritoneal pseudomyxoma combined with massive ascites (16.5 l). A 66-year-old man (weight 76 kg) who could not keep a supine position due to massive ascites associated with peritoneal pseudomyxoma was scheduled for elective peritonectomy and extended surgery. With the patient in the semisitting position, we administered 3% sevoflurane to induce loss of consciousness while preserving spontaneous ventilation. We then performed crush induction with propofol and rocuronium after topical anesthesia to the tongue base. Tracheal intubation with the Macintosh laryngoscope was successful. During the operation, we aspirated about 16.5 l of ascites over 20 l normal saline irrigation. To maintain the body temperature, we performed both active and passive extracorporeal warming. The operation included not only total peritonectomy but also distal gastrectomy, right colon resection, splenectomy, and cholecystectomy. To perform effective postoperative analgesia, we placed two epidural catheters from the upper and lower thoracic epidural spaces. The patient was extubated 3 days after operation, and discharged uneventfully on the 18th postoperative day. PMID:27483656

  20. Influência da ascite na avaliação da função pulmonar em portadores de hipertensão portal Influence of ascites in the pulmonary function of patients with portal hypertension

    Angela Maria Stiefano Nitrini

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: A oxigenação inadequada nos pacientes com hipertensão portal pode ser secundária a alterações na mecânica respiratória, determinadas pela presença da ascite. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a função pulmonar de doentes com hipertensão portal antes e após redução do volumeda ascite. Método: Quinze doentes com hipertensão portal e ascite foram submetidos a provas de função pulmonar, constituindo-se de espirometria e gasometria arterial, antes e após redução do volume da ascite. Os parâmetros analisados foram: capacidade vital forçada (CVF; volume expiratório no primeiro segundo (VEF1; fluxo expiratório entre 25 e 75% da CVF (FEF 25-75% ; volume de reserva expiratória (VRE; relação VEF1 / CVF; pressão arterial de oxigênio (PaO2, pressão arterial de dióxido de carbono (PaCO2 e saturação arterial de oxigênio (SaO2. RESULTADOS: Houve melhora significativa dos volumes pulmonares analisados após a diminuição da ascite com o tratamento diurético associado ou não à paracentese. CONCLUSÃO: Concluímos que nos doentes com hipertensão portal e ascite, há diminuição dos volumes pulmonares emrelação aos valores preditos, com melhora significativa após diminuição da ascite. Do mesmo modo, observamos aumento na PaO2 e na SaO2.BACKGROUND: Oxygen deficiency in patients with portal hypertension may be secondary to changes in respiratory mechanics due to ascites. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate pulmonary function in patients with portal hypertension before and after reduction of the ascites. METHOD: Fifteen patients with portal hypertension and ascites were submitted to pulmonary function tests, comprising spirometry and arterial blood gas determination, before and after reduction of ascites. The analysed parameters were: forced vital capacity (FVC; forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1; forced expiratory flow between 25-75% of the forced vital capacity (FEF 25-75%; expiratory reserve volume (ERV; FEV1/CVF; arterial

  1. Treatment with non-selective beta-blockers is associated with reduced severity of systemic inflammation and improved survival of patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure

    Mookerjee, Rajeshwar P; Pavesi, Marco; Thomsen, Karen Louise;

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Non-selective beta-blockers (NSBBs) have been shown to have deleterious outcomes in patients with refractory ascites, alcoholic hepatitis and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis leading many physicians to stop the drug in these cases. Acute on chronic liver failure (ACLF) is...

  2. Ultrasound-guided biopsy of greater omentum: An effective method to trace the origin of unclear ascites

    Que Yanhong [Department of Ultrasound, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110001 (China)], E-mail: quebaobao@yahoo.com.cn; Wang Xuemei [Department of Ultrasound, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110001 (China)], E-mail: wxmlmt@yahoo.com.cn; Liu Yanjun [Department of Ultrasound, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110001 (China)], E-mail: lyj7512@sina.com; Li Ping [Department of Ultrasound, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110001 (China)], E-mail: liping7213@sina.com; Ou Guocheng [Department of Ultrasound, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110001 (China)], E-mail: yang9951@126.com; Zhao Wenjing [Department of Ultrasound, First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning 110001 (China)], E-mail: awk999@163.com

    2009-05-15

    Objectives: Thickened greater omentum is encountered with high frequency in patients with ascites. The purpose of our study was to assess the utility of greater omentum biopsy under the guidance of ultrasound (US) in tracing the origin of unclear ascites and differentiating benign and malignant ascites. Materials and methods: We retrospectively reviewed our institutional database for all records of greater omentum biopsy cases. One hundred and ninety-four patients with unclear ascites and thickened greater omentum were included in the study. The sonograms of greater omentum were evaluated before undergoing the ultrasound-guided biopsy and a biopsy was considered successful if a specific benign or malignant diagnosis was rendered by the pathologist. Results: Successful biopsy was rendered for 182 biopsy procedures (93.8%, 182/194) including tuberculosis (n = 114), chronic inflammation (n = 3), metastases (n = 58), malignant mesothelioma (n = 6) and pseudomyxoma peritonei (n = 1). Twelve biopsies were non-diagnostic. According to the results of biopsy and follow-up, the sensitivity and specificity of biopsy in distinguishing malignant ascites from benign ascities were respectively 95.6% (65/68) and 92.9% (117/126). The greater omentum of 84 cases of tuberculous peritonitis showed 'cerebral fissure' sign and was well seen as an omental cake infiltrated with irregular nodules when involved by carcinomatosis. No 'cerebral fissure' sign was observed in peritoneal carcinomatosis. The sensitivity and specificity of this sign in indicating the existence of tuberculous peritonitis were 73.5% (89/121) and 100% (73/73). Moreover, if the specific 'cerebral fissure' sign was combined with the biopsy results, the specificity of biopsy in distinguishing malignant ascites from benign ascits increased to 96.8% (122/126). Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided biopsy of greater omentum is an important and effective method to diagnose the unclear ascites for

  3. Presence of both Mesenchymal and Carcinomatous Features in an In-vitro Model of Ovarian Carcinosarcoma Derived from Patients' Ascitic Fluid

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT We have refined the technique for isolating and propagating cultures of primary ovarian carcinosarcoma cells (OSCs) derived from ascites, which allowed the cells to obtain the biphasic features of carcinosarcoma in cell culture conditions (presence of both carcinoma and mesenchymal morphologic types). This protocol involves a simple yet rapid method for the growth and propagation of ascites OSC in a basal culture medium. Autologous ascitic fluid was used as source of growth factors, ...

  4. Does Artificial Ascites Induce the Heat-Sink Phenomenon during Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation of the Hepatic Subcapsular Area?: an in vivo Experimental Study Using a Rabbit Model

    Kim, Young-sun; Rhim, Hyunchul; Choi, Dongil; Lim, Hyo K.

    2009-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effect of the heat-sink phenomenon induced by artificial ascites on the size of the ablation zone during percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation of the hepatic subcapsular area in an in vivo rabbit model. Materials and Methods A total of 21 percutaneous rabbit liver RF ablations were performed with and without artificial ascites (5% dextrose aqueous solution). The rabbits were divided into three groups: a) control group (C, n = 7); b) room temperature ascites group...

  5. THE CHANGES OF RENAL HEMODYNAMICS IN THE FORMATION OF ASCITES INDUCED BY PORTAL HYPERTENSION

    詹锋; 黄烈城

    2002-01-01

    Objective The renal hemodynamic alteration was sequentially studied in dogs with ascites due to portal hypertension.Methods The model of portal hypertension was established by the constriction of hepatic vein. Effective renal plasma flow (ERPF), systemic blood pressure, urinary excretion of sodium were measured. Eighteen dogs were studied until the ascites occurred.Results The ascites was generally detected between the sixth day and the eighth day after the portal hypertension occurred, the average being the seventh day. Mean artery pressure (MAP) and renal vascular resistance (RVR) were firstly changed after the portal vein pressure increased. MAP fell 17% (130.37mmHg±16.2 mmHg before the portal hypertension, 108.32 mmHg±10.47 mmHg after the portal hypertension on the 1st day, p<0.001) and RVR increased by 31% (0.38 mmHg. ml-1. min-1±0.09 mmHg. ml-1. min-1 before the portal hypertension, 0.5 mmHg. ml-1. min-1±0.15mmHg. ml-1. min-1 after the portal hypertension, P<0.05) after the portal hypertension occurred on the 2nd day, thereafter, MAP decreased and RVR increased continually. ERPF also fell in the forepart, but there was only significant difference in the appearance of ascites (P<0.05). Urinary excretion of sodium gradually fell after portal hypertension and reached the lowest value on the 7th day, and there was statistical significance from the 2nd day (59.86 mmol/min±25.96 mmol/min before portal hypertension, 31.95 mmol/min±18.79mmol/min after the portal hypertension on the 2nd day, p<0.05).Conclusion Our research indicates that the hemodynamics has been changed before the ascites occurred. The earliest change occurs in MAP and RVR, but no marked change is found in ERPF.

  6. Comparison of three lines of broilers differing in ascites susceptibility or growth rate. 2. Egg weight loss, gas pressures, embryonic heat production, and physiological hormone levels.

    De Smit, L; Tona, K; Bruggeman, V; Onagbesan, O; Hassanzadeh, M; Arckens, L; Decuypere, E

    2005-09-01

    Ascites is a metabolic disorder that accounts for over 25% of overall mortality in the broiler industry. This disorder is manifested between wk 5 and 6 posthatch, but there are previous indications that predisposition may be identified during embryonic development. In this current study, we determined embryonic physiological and metabolic parameters that may be associated with ascites predisposition. For this purpose, we used broiler eggs from 3 lines that differed in ascites sensitivity. These included an ascites-sensitive dam line (DAS), an ascites-resistant dam line (DAR), and an ascites-sensitive sire line (SASL). Eggs were incubated for 21 d under standard conditions. The following parameters were measured during incubation: egg weights at setting, egg weight losses at 18 d, embryo body weights and embryo heart weights throughout development, air cell partial gas pressures (pCO2 and pO2) levels at d 18 and at internal pipping (IP); plasma triiodothyronine, thyroxine, and corticosterone levels at d 18, IP, and hatch; heat production from d 17 until hatch, hematocrit values at hatch, and posthatch growth rate to 7 d along with hematocrit values. The data obtained revealed that selection for ascites sensitivity or rapid growth rate had no consistent influence on some of these parameters such that they could be wholly associated with ascites sensitivity for predictive purposes. Whereas differences in embryonic developmental patterns were apparent throughout embryonic development, these differences in physiological and metabolic parameters may be due partly to genetic differences unrelated to ascites sensitivity. PMID:16206567

  7. The findings and usefulness of CT for the diagnosis of acute appendicitis

    CT findings were inspected retrospectively in 48 patients (age: 16-82, 25 males, 23 females) with acute appendicitis before surgery. A slice thickness was 10 mm or 5 mm and a slice distance was 10 mm. Scan was started following the rapid intravenous injection of 100 ml of non-ionic iodine contrast medium. Abnormality of appendix was confirmed in 40 cases (83%), and appendicolithiasis in 13 cases (27%). High density of fatty tissue by periappendicular inflammation or edema was recognized in 46 cases (96%). Periappendicular abscess or ascites was in 23 cases (48%). Phlegmonous or gangrenous appendicitis should be considered when appendix of 10 mm or more, abscess, ascites or appendicolithiasis was recognized. Diagnosis ability of CT in appendicitis was 96%. CT is useful for diagnosis of acute appendicitis and estimation of severity. (K.H.)

  8. Ganoderma lucidum total triterpenes attenuate DLA induced ascites and EAC induced solid tumours in Swiss albino mice.

    Smina, T P; Mathew, J; Janardhanan, K K

    2016-01-01

    G. lucidum total triterpenes were assessed for its apoptosis-inducing and anti-tumour activities. The ability of the total triterpenes to induce apoptosis was evaluated in Dalton's lymphoma ascites (DLA) and Ehrlich's ascites carcinoma (EAC) cell lines. Total triterpenes were found to be highly cytotoxic to DLA and EAC cell lines with IC50 values 5 ± 0.32 and 7.9 ± 0.2 µg/ml respectively. Total triterpenes induced apoptosis in both cell lines which is evident from the DNA fragmentation assay. Anti-tumour activity was accessed using DLA induced solid and EAC induced ascites tumour models in Swiss albino mice. Administration of 10, 50 and 100 mg/kg b. wt. total triterpenes showed 11.86, 27.27 and 40.57% increase in life span of animals in ascites tumour model. Treatment with 10, 50 and 100 mg/kg b. wt. total triterpenes exhibited 76.86, 85.01 and 91.03% inhibition in tumour volume and 67.96, 72.38 and 77.90% inhibition in tumour weight respectively in the solid tumour model. The study reveals the significant dose-dependent anti-tumour activity of total triterpenes in both models. Total triterpenes were more active against the solid tumour than the ascites tumour. The anti-oxidant potential and ability to induce cell-specific apoptosis could be contributing to its anti-tumour activities. PMID:27188870

  9. Co-Encapsulation of Doxorubicin With Galactoxyloglucan Nanoparticles for Intracellular Tumor-Targeted Delivery in Murine Ascites and Solid Tumors

    Manu M. Joseph

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Doxorubicin (Dox treatment is limited by severe toxicity and frequent episodes of treatment failure. To minimize adverse events and improve drug delivery efficiently and specifically in cancer cells, encapsulation of Dox with naturally obtained galactoxyloglucan polysaccharide (PST001, isolated from Tamarindus indica was attempted. Thus formed PST-Dox nanoparticles induced apoptosis and exhibited significant cytotoxicity in murine ascites cell lines, Dalton’s lymphoma ascites and Ehrlich’s ascites carcinoma. The mechanism contributing to the augmented cytotoxicity of nanoconjugates at lower doses was validated by measuring the Dox intracellular uptake in human colon, leukemic and breast cancer cell lines. PST-Dox nanoparticles showed rapid internalization of Dox into cancer cells within a short period of incubation. Further, in vivo efficacy was tested in comparison to the parent counterparts - PST001 and Dox, in ascites and solid tumor syngraft mice models. Treatment of ascites tumors with PST-Dox nanoparticles significantly reduced the tumor volume, viable tumor cell count, and increased survival and percentage life span in the early, established and prophylactic phases of the disease. Administration of nanoparticles through intratumoral route delivered more robust antitumor response than the intraperitoneal route in solid malignancies. Thus, the results indicate that PST-Dox nanoparticles have greater potential compared to the Dox as targeted drug delivery nanocarriers for loco regional cancer chemotherapy applications.

  10. Acute Bronchitis

    ... of bronchitis: acute and chronic. Most cases of acute bronchitis get better within several days. But your cough ... that cause colds and the flu often cause acute bronchitis. These viruses spread through the air when people ...

  11. Effect of tunicamycin on sialomucin and natural killer susceptibility of rat mammary tumor ascites cells.

    Bharathan, S; Moriarty, J; Moody, C E; Sherblom, A P

    1990-09-01

    The MAT-B1 and MAT-C1 ascites sublines of the 13762 rat mammary adenocarcinoma contain a dominant cell surface "complex" consisting of two glycoproteins: ascites sialoglycoprotein (ASGP)-1, a Mr 600,000-700,000 peanut agglutinin-binding sialomucin, and ASGP-2, a Mr 120,000 concancavalin A-binding glycoprotein (Sherblom et al., J. Biol. Chem., 255: 783-790, 1980; Sherblom and Carraway, J. Biol. Chem., 255: 12051-12059, 1980). Although both cell lines are resistant to lysis by natural killer cells, treatments which result in loss of cell surface ASGP-1 render the cells susceptible to natural killer cell lysis (Sherblom and Moody, Cancer Res., 46:4543-4546, 1986). Treatment of the ascites cells with 5 micrograms/ml tunicamycin for 24 h effectively inhibits glycosylation of ASGP-2 without affecting cell viability or total protein synthesis. Under these conditions, expression of ASGP-1 is depressed by at least 50% in both cell lines, as monitored by [3H]glucosamine incorporation and by binding of peanut agglutinin to intact cells. The size distribution of O-linked oligosaccharides in ASGP-1 from tunicamycin-treated versus control MAT-B1 cells is indistinguishable, as determined by Bio-Gel P-4 chromatography following alkaline-borohydride treatment. Complex isolated from either treated or control cells bands at the same density in a CsCl gradient containing Triton X-100 and contains a diffuse band corresponding to ASGP-2 by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Tunicamycin-treated cells, consistent with the reduced expression of ASGP-1, are significantly more susceptible to natural killer cell-mediated lysis, when compared to untreated controls. The results suggest that N-linked glycosylation is a prerequisite for sialomucin synthesis and/or complex formation. PMID:2386935

  12. The evaluation of in vitro effect of daunorubicin and tamoxifen in ehrlich ascites tumour (EAT) cells

    In the most countries, breast cancer is still the most important cancer among women. It is known that Ehrlich Ascites Tumour is experimental breast cancer model in animal. The cells used in the study are hyper diploid line of Ehrlich Ascites Tumour (EAT) cells, initially provided to us from Institute of Pathology, Koln University. In the present study, an hyper diploid line which is estrogen receptor positive was used. An anthracycline-derived antibiotic, Daunorubicin (DNR, Cerubidine) is one of the clinically used anticancer drugs. DNR has been used alone or in combination with other cytotoxic agents against a variety of animal and human tumours. In vitro cell culture studies show that DNR enters the cell nuclei, inhibits nucleic acid synthesis, and arrest cell division. Tamoxifen (TAM, Nolvadex) is a semi-synthetical estrogen antagonist, used in the management of pre and post menopausal breast cancer. This drug bind to intracellular estrogen receptors, and prevents endogenous estrogens from binding to their own receptors. It is known that Ehrlich Ascites Tumour is experimental breast cancer model in animal. The cells used in the study are hyper diploid line of EAT cells initially provided to us from Institute of Pathology, Koln University. In the present study, an hyper diploid line which is Estrogen Receptor (+) was used. Estrogen Receptor levels were studied by the methods of Lippman and Huff and Raynaud et al. with minor modifications. Estrogen Receptor activity as demonstrated by dextran-coated charcoal technique is closely correlated with the clinical ability of Tamoxifen to inhibit tumour growth

  13. Diagnosis on multi-slice spiral CT in acute pancreatitis and complications

    Objective: To analyze multi-slice CT features and to assess the diagnostic value of CT in acute pancreatitis. Methods: CT was performed on 21 patients with acute pancreatitis in the unenhanced, arterial (28 seconds after intravenous contrast injection), venous (60 seconds) phases. The morphology and contrast enhancement enhancement patterns were analyzed. Results: Of 21 patients, pancreatic necrosis was found in 9 and acute edematous pancreatitis in 12. Associated findings included bile duct stones or cholecystitis (13), liver abscess (1), systemic lupus erythematosis (1), abdominal trauma (2), and pancreatic divisum (1). Complications included pseudoaneurysm (1), venous thrombosis (1), ascites (7), pleural effusion (4) and right lower lobe lung atelectasis (1). Conclusion: Tri-phasic multi-slice spiral CT can accurately distinguish acute edematous pancreatitis from acute hemorrhagic necrotic pancreatitis. CT allows comprehensive evaluation of the cause and complication of acute pancreatitis. (authors)

  14. DNA double strand breaks in Ehrlich ascites tumour cells at low doses of X-rays

    DNA double strand breaks (dsb) were determined in Ehrlich ascites tumour cells at doses down to 5 Gy. Sedimentation profiles were analysed using a computer program and the number of dsb was determined by simulation of random breaks in the mass distribution of the control sample and by comparison of this simulated profile with that of the irradiated one. The number of dsb formed was proportional to X-ray dose in the range of 5 to 2000 Gy. The induction per dose was found to be nmsub(r)-1 D-1=(11.7+-2) x 10-12 Gy-1. (author)

  15. Peritoneal Malignant Mesothelioma with Epithelioid Type, Demonstrating High Serum and Ascitic KL-6 Levels: Immunohistochemical Analyses.

    Nahar, Saifun; Nakamoto, Manabu; Hokama, Akira; Kobashigawa, Chiharu; Kaida, Masatoshi; Kinjo, Tetsu; Hirata, Tetsuo; Kinjo, Nagisa; Saio, Masanao; Yoshimi, Naoki; Ohtsuki, Yuji; Fujita, Jiro

    2015-09-01

    We report a case of KL-6 producing peritoneal malignant mesothelioma. A 56-year-old woman was referred to our hospital on November 2005 with severe abdominal distention. Peritoneal malignant mesothelioma with epithelioid type was diagnosed by clinical symptoms, laboratory investigations, imaging studies, and immunohistochemical examination of known tumor markers. In addition, high serum and ascitic KL-6 levels were observed and the immunostaining of the tumor for KL-6 was evident. We thus consider KL-6 to be a potential novel marker for peritoneal malignant mesothelioma with epithelioid type. PMID:26500734

  16. Peritoneal malignant mesothelioma with epithelioid type, demonstrating high serum and ascitic KL-6 levels: immunohistochemical analyses

    Saifun Nahar

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of KL-6 producing peritoneal malignant mesothelioma. A 56-year-old woman was referred to our hospital on November 2005 with severe abdominal distention. Peritoneal malignant mesothelioma with epithelioid type was diagnosed by clinical symptoms, laboratory investigations, imaging studies, and immunohistochemical examination of known tumor markers. In addition, high serum and ascitic KL-6 levels were observed and the immunostaining of the tumor for KL-6 was evident. We thus consider KL-6 to be a potential novel marker for peritoneal malignant mesothelioma with epithelioid type.

  17. Effect of cytochalasins on F-actin and morphology of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells

    Mills, J W; Falsig Pedersen, S; Walmod, P S;

    2000-01-01

    that, in intact cells, different cytochalasins can have varying effects on cell morphology and F-actin content and organization. To examine this problem in more detail, we analyzed the effects of cytochalasins on the cell morphology of and F-actin content and organization in Ehrlich ascites tumor (EAT...... appearance of numerous blebs. At 10 microM, blebbing was present in all conditions and the organization of cortical F-actin was disrupted. F-actin content, however, was not further reduced by this higher concentration and in CD it was identical to control levels. Exposure of EAT cells to similar...

  18. In vivo Anticancer Activities of Benzophenone Semicarbazone against Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma Cells in Swiss Albino Mice

    Benzophenone semicarbazone (BSC) was synthesized and characterized to identify compounds with anticancer activities. Anticancer activities were studied against Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma (EAC) cells in Swiss albino mice by monitoring parameters such as tumor weight measurement, survival time of tumor bearing mice, tumor cell growth inhibition, and so on. Some hematological parameters, such as red blood cells, white blood cells, and hemoglobin content, were also measured. The results showed that BSC has a positive effect against EAC cells. An assessment was conducted by comparing these results with those obtained using the standard drug bleomycin. The BSC compound can be considered as a potent anticancer agent

  19. Non-selective β-blockers do not affect mortality in cirrhosis patients with ascites

    Bossen, Lars; Krag, Aleksander; Vilstrup, Hendrik; Watson, Hugh; Jepsen, Peter

    2015-01-01

    ascites followed for 1 year. We used Cox regression to compare all-cause mortality and cirrhosis-related mortality between patients who did or did not use NSBBs at randomisation, controlling for age, gender, MELD score, Child-Pugh score, serum sodium, previous variceal bleeding, cirrhosis aetiology, and.......74-1.40) or in any other subgroup. Similarly, NSBBs did not increase cirrhosis-related mortality (adjusted HR=1.00, 95% CI 0.76-1.31). During follow-up, 29% of initial NSBB users stopped taking NSBBs, and the decision to stop NSBB treatment marked a sharp rise in mortality and coincided with hospitalisation...

  20. Maternal hyperthyroidism is associated with a decreased incidence of cold-induced ascites in broiler chickens.

    Akhlaghi, A; Zamiri, M J; Zare Shahneh, A; Jafari Ahangari, Y; Nejati Javaremi, A; Rahimi Mianji, G; Mollasalehi, M R; Shojaie, H; Akhlaghi, A A; Deldar, H; Atashi, H; Ansari Pirsaraei, Z; Zhandi, M

    2012-05-01

    A hypothesis was tested that providing the breeder hens with exogenous thyroxine (T(4)) would help their offspring to better survive the ascites-inducing condition during the growing period. In total, 132 broiler breeder hens were randomly assigned to one of 3 treatments: control (CON), hypothyroid [HYPO; 6-N-propyl-2-thiouracil (PTU)-treated], and hyperthyroid (HYPER; T(4)-treated). The hens were artificially inseminated, and the hatching eggs (n = 1,320) were incubated. No eggs in the HYPO group hatched. The 1-d-old male chicks (n = 288) from other groups were reared for 42 d under standard or low ambient temperature to induce ascites. Blood samples were drawn from the hens, embryos, and broilers for determination of T(4) and triiodothyronine (T(3)). The hematocrit was also determined in broilers. The PTU-treated hens had an increased BW along with lower plasma T(3) and T(4) concentrations. Plasma T(4) was higher in the HYPER hens compared with CON hens, but T(3) concentration was not different between these groups. The fertility rate was not affected by either hypo- or hyperthyroidism. The embryos in the HYPO group had lower plasma T(3) and T(4) concentrations at d 18 of embryonic development and internal pipping. Higher plasma T(4) was recorded in the HYPER birds at internal pipping, although plasma T(3) concentration was not affected at this stage. Maternal hyperthyroidism decreased the overall incidence of ascites in the cold-exposed chickens (10.0 vs. 33.4% for HYPER and CON groups, respectively). Although the effect of maternal PTU or T(4) treatment on plasma thyroid hormones and on the right ventricle-to-total ventricular weight ratio in the broilers was not significant, the cold-exposed healthy CON chicks showed higher hematocrit values, compared with the HYPER birds. It was concluded that maternal hyperthyroidism could decrease the incidence of cold-induced ascites in broiler chickens; however, probable causal mechanisms remain to be elucidated. PMID

  1. URETER INJURY PRESENTIN G AS ASCITES AFTER HYSTERECTOMY: A CASE REPORT

    Venugopalan

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Urinary bladder injury or injury to ureter is a recognized complication of lower abdominal surgery and it is the most common organ injured during gynecological procedures. We report here, history of a 48 year old female developing ascites and respiratory distress on 3 rd postoperative day of abdominal hysterectomy for fibroid ut e rus. Ultrasound guided abdominal tap showed urine. Computed tomography of abdomen revealed double ureter and injury to one of the left ureters. It was re implanted and bladder site repaired throug h emergency lap a rotomy. The key to the diagnosis of ureter injury is awareness of this clinical entity.

  2. Plasma-to-ascitic fluid transport rate of albumin in patients with decompensated cirrhosis. Relation to intraperitoneal albumin

    Henriksen, J H; Ring-Larsen, Helmer; Lassen, N A; Parving, H H; Winkler, K

    1983-01-01

    Albumin-kinetics and haemodynamic studies were performed in 20 patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis in order to improve the knowledge on genesis and perpetuation of hepatic ascites, especially with respect to determinants of intraperitoneal protein. A positive relationship was found betwee...... the 'lymph-imbalance' theory of ascites formation, whereas a 'fluid equilibrium' theory seems to be too simple, especially with respect to explain protein sequestration in the peritoneal cavity....... the plasma-to-peritoneal transport rate of albumin (index of 'lymph-imbalance') and the mass of intraperitoneal albumin (rlog = 0.82, P less than 0.001), indicating a significant role of 'lymph-imbalance' to sequestration of protein in the peritoneal cavity. Ascitic fluid albumin concentration was on...

  3. EXPERIENCE WITH INTRAPERITONEAL CHEMOTHERAPY USING ASCITIC FLUID AS A SOLVENT OF CHEMICALS IN THE TREATMENT OF OVARIAN CANCER

    Yu. S. Sidorenko

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Thirty two with the ascitic form of Stages IIIC—IV ovarian cancer underwent 1 to 3 courses of intraperitoneal multidrug therapy using a protein ascitic fluid concentrate (PAFC as a solvent of drugs (cisplatin, cyclophosphan, doxorubicin according to the CAP regimen. The induction chemotherapy allowed remission to be achieved in 78.1% of cases (against 40% with standard intraperitoneal therapy, the stan- dard volume of surgical treatment was performed in 28 (87.5% patients (21 (70% receiving the control regime; with the use of PAFC, the size of minimum residual tumour (less than 1 cm was achieved in 81.3% versus 63.3% with standard intraperitoneal chemotherapy. This treatment enables the use large-dose chemotherapy regimens that cause no severe systemic toxic reactions. The method is highly-effective, low-toxic and may be recommended for the treatment of patients with the ascitic form of Stages III—IV ovarian cancer.

  4. TIPSS Procedure in the Treatment of a Single Patient After Recent Heart Transplantation Because of Refractory Ascites Due to Cardiac Cirrhosis

    We present the case of a female patient with arrhythmogenic dysplasia of the right ventricle who evolved to refractory heart failure, ascites, and peripheral edema. As a result, heart transplantation was performed. Subsequently, refractory ascites impaired the patient's respiratory function, resulting in prolonged mechanical ventilation. She was successfully treated with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPSS) placement, which allowed satisfactory weaning of ventilatory support.

  5. Comparison of three lines of broiler breeders differing in ascites susceptibility or growth rate. 1. Relationship between acoustic resonance data and embryonic or hatching parameters.

    Tona, K; Kemps, B; Bruggeman, V; Bamelis, F; De Smit, L; Onagbesan, O; De Baerdemaeker, J; Decuypere, E

    2005-09-01

    Ascites is a prevalent cardiovascular disease among modern broilers with negative impacts on production and animal welfare. The peak of mortality due to ascites occurs at the end of the growing period, but the etiology of this problem may start during embryonic development. A few recent reports have demonstrated that the signs of ascites susceptibility are manifested during the late stages of incubation. In the current study, we used a nondestructive method based on egg acoustic resonance parameters [resonant frequency (RF) and damping] to establish a relationship between embryo physiological events during early development in broiler eggs and susceptibility to ascites. The hatching eggs of 3 broiler lines differing in ascites susceptibility were used for this study: ascites-resistant dam line (DAR), ascites-sensitive dam line (DAS), and ascites-sensitive sire line (SASL). These lines were selected on the basis of fast growth, high breast meat yield, and ascites induction at low temperatures such that the order of ascites susceptibility in terms of mortality was SASL > DAS > DAR. Eggs were incubated under standard conditions in forced-draft incubators. We measured egg weights at setting, albumen pH, Haugh units (HU) at setting, and embryo weights at d 11 and 18, at internal pipping (IP), and at hatch. The durations of IP, external pipping (EP), and hatching were also determined. At 2 hourly periods during incubation, egg RF and damping were also measured. There were differences in egg weights between DAR and SASL vs. DAS, but albumen HU, albumen pH, and the ratio of yolk weight to egg weight were similar. There were differences in RF, damping, embryonic growth rates, and hatching events. Changes in resonant frequency and damping, which certainly suggest eggshell differences among lines, were not totally related to variations in physiological events during early and late embryonic development. A comparison between DAR and DAS, between DAS and SASL, or DAR and SASL

  6. Long Term Results (>5 Years) in Patients With Peritoneovenous Shunting for Intractable Ascites: Liver Function and Cancer Mortality

    Franco, Dominique; Meakins, Jonathan L.; Wu, Andrew; Smadja, Claude; Bonnet, Patrick; Gouffier, Etienne; Campillo, Bernard

    1989-01-01

    This report is based on twenty-eight (26%) of 107 patients included in a protocol for prospective evaluation of elective peritoneo-venous shunting for intractable ascites in cirrhosis. These patients had no other procedures and survived more than 5 years after the operation. All patients were free of ascites except one in whom it was mild. One patient refused follow-up. Shunt patency was assessed in 23 patients. In 14 patients (60.9%), the shunt was obstructed and the superior vena cava was o...

  7. Peritoneovenous shunt in treatment of ascites in patients with cirrhosis. A preliminary report with special reference to pathophysiology

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl; Malchow-Møller, A; Ring-Larsen, H;

    1983-01-01

    severely impaired liver and kidney function. In two of the four surviving patients (observation time, 5-24 months) the shunt was patent during the observation time, and ascites disappeared. In the other two the shunt closed, in one patient repeatedly following several re-implantations. Enhanced urinary...... sodium excretion was observed in patients with patent shunts. After disappearance of ascites, the splanchnic venous pressures became less deranged. Long-term change in plasma volume or circulating albumin mass could not be detected. A patent shunt increases the drainage from the peritoneal cavity, but...

  8. Plasma-to-ascitic fluid transport rate of albumin in patients with decompensated cirrhosis. Relation to intraperitoneal albumin

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl; Ring-Larsen, H; Lassen, N A;

    1983-01-01

    Albumin-kinetics and haemodynamic studies were performed in 20 patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis in order to improve the knowledge on genesis and perpetuation of hepatic ascites, especially with respect to determinants of intraperitoneal protein. A positive relationship was found between...... the plasma-to-peritoneal transport rate of albumin (index of 'lymph-imbalance') and the mass of intraperitoneal albumin (rlog = 0.82, P less than 0.001), indicating a significant role of 'lymph-imbalance' to sequestration of protein in the peritoneal cavity. Ascitic fluid albumin concentration was on...

  9. Prognostic value of computed tomography in acute pancreatis

    Grabbe, E.; Dammann, H.G.; Heller, M.

    1982-05-01

    A prospective study was performed in 59 patients with acute pancreatitis to find out the value of computed tomography for an early prognosis. CT findings (retroperitoneal fluid collections with enlargement of the retroperitoneal space, intraperitoneal air-fluid levels and ascites), clinical (age, ileus) and laboratory tests (LDH, blood glucose, urea, creatinine and calcium) were taken into consideration. These data were collected during the first two days after hospitalisation and turned out to be of considerable prognostic value: about 70% of the patients died when 5 or more of these pathological findings exist. More than 90% of all patients who died belonged to this group.

  10. Preparation of human ovarian cancer ascites-derived exosomes for a clinical trial.

    Navabi, H; Croston, D; Hobot, J; Clayton, A; Zitvogel, L; Jasani, B; Bailey-Wood, R; Wilson, K; Tabi, Z; Mason, M D; Adams, M

    2005-01-01

    Despite initial response to chemotherapy, at least 50% of ovarian cancer patients will relapse within 18 months. Progression-free survival is related to tumour infiltration with cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). We recently demonstrated that CD8+ T cell responses to recall antigens improve following tumour response to chemotherapy. Vaccination designed to expand CTL, specific for tumour-associated antigens, may be a means of improving outcome. We are planning a clinical trial in advanced ovarian cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy using a combination of a Toll-like receptor 3 (TLR3) agonist and tumour-associated ascites-derived exosomes. Tumour-derived exosomes are a potential source of tumour antigens able to induce CD8+ T cell responses when loaded on mature dendritic cells (DC). DC maturation can be achieved with Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists, such as the GMP-grade synthetic double stranded RNA, poly[I]:poly[C12U] (Ampligen) which is a TLR-3 agonist. Here, we describe the development of a method suitable for the preparation of GMP-grade exosomes from the ascites fluid of ovarian cancer patients, and the methods used for the molecular and immunological characterisation of these exosomes preceding their use in a clinical trial. PMID:16061407

  11. Role of Th9 cells and Th17 cells in the pathogenesis of malignant ascites

    Xian-Wen Yang; Hai-Xing Jiang; Xiao-Li Huang; Shi-Jia Ma; Shan-Yu Qin

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To assess the role of Th9 and Th17 cells in malignant ascites (MA). Methods: MA from 30 hepatic carcinoma patients and benign ascites from 30 cirrhotic patients were collected. Corresponding peripheral blood samples from these hepatic carcinoma and cirrhotic patients as well as 30 healthy subjects were collected. The frequency of Th9 and Th17 cells was tested by flow cytometry. Serum levels of interleukin (IL)-9 and IL-17 were examined byELISA. Results: The observed frequency of Th9 and Th17 cells, and the IL-9 and IL-17 serum levels were significantly higher in MA patients than those in cirrhotic patients and healthy control samples (P Conclusions:The increased frequency of Th9 and Th17 cells in MA patients suggests that these two T cell subsets play a synergistic role in MA pathogenesis. This study also demonstrated that Th9 and Th17 cells may perform their biological functions in conjunction with IL-9 production.

  12. Inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation in ascites tumor mitochondria and cells by intramitochondrial Ca2+.

    Villalobo, A; Lehninger, A L

    1980-03-25

    Accumulation of Ca2+ (+ phosphate) by respiring mitochondria from Ehrlich ascites or AS30-D hepatoma tumor cells inhibits subsequent phosphorylating respiration in response to ADP. The respiratory chain is still functional since a proton-conducting uncoupler produces a normal stimulation of electron transport. The inhibition of phosphorylating respiration is caused by intramitochondrial Ca2+ (+ phosphate). ATP + Mg2+ together, but not singly, prevents the inhibitory action of Ca2+. Neither AMP, GTP, GDP, nor any other nucleoside 5'-triphosphate or 5'-diphosphate could replace ATP in this effect. Phosphorylating respiration on NAD(NADP)-linked substrates was much more susceptible to the inhibitory effect of intramitochondrial Ca2+ than succinate-linked respiration. Significant inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation is given by the endogenous Ca2+ present in freshly isolated tumor mitochondria. The phosphorylating respiration of permeabilized Ehrlich ascites tumor cells is also inhibited by Ca2+ accumulated by the mitochondria in situ. Possible causes of the Ca2+-induced inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation are considered. PMID:6766937

  13. The proton stoichiometry of electron transport in Ehrlich ascites tumor mitochondria.

    Villalobo, A; Lehninger, A L

    1979-06-10

    Initial rate measurements of the stoichiometric relationships between H+ ejection, K+ and Ca2+ uptake, and electron transport were carried out on mitochondria from Ehrlich ascites tumor cells grown in mice. With succinate as substrate and N-ethylmaleimide to prevent interfering H+ reuptake via the phosphate carrier, close to 8 H+ were ejected per oxygen atom reduced (H+/O ejection ratio = 8.0); with the NAD-linked substrates pyruvate or pyruvate + malate, the H+/O ejection ratio was close to 12. The average H+/site ratio (H+ ejected/2e-/energy-conserving site) was thus close to 4. The simultaneous uptake of charge-compensating cations, either K+ (in the presence of valinomycin) or Ca2+, was also measured, yielding average K+/site uptake ratios of very close to 4 and Ca2+/site ratios close to 2. It was also demonstrated that each calcium ion enters the respiring tumor mitochondria carrying two positive electric charges. These stoichiometric data observed in mitochondria from Ehrlich ascites tumor cells thus are in complete agreement with similar data on normal rat liver and rat heart mitochondria and suggest that the H+/site ratio of mitochondrial electron transport may be 4 generally. It was also observed that the rate of deltaH+ back-decay in anaerobic tumor mitochondria following oxygen pulses is some 6- to 8-fold greater than in rat liver mitochondria tested at equal amounts of mitochondrial protein. PMID:35536

  14. Humanized mouse model of ovarian cancer recapitulates patient solid tumor progression, ascites formation, and metastasis.

    Richard B Bankert

    Full Text Available Ovarian cancer is the most common cause of death from gynecological cancer. Understanding the biology of this disease, particularly how tumor-associated lymphocytes and fibroblasts contribute to the progression and metastasis of the tumor, has been impeded by the lack of a suitable tumor xenograft model. We report a simple and reproducible system in which the tumor and tumor stroma are successfully engrafted into NOD-scid IL2Rγ(null (NSG mice. This is achieved by injecting tumor cell aggregates derived from fresh ovarian tumor biopsy tissues (including tumor cells, and tumor-associated lymphocytes and fibroblasts i.p. into NSG mice. Tumor progression in these mice closely parallels many of the events that are observed in ovarian cancer patients. Tumors establish in the omentum, ovaries, liver, spleen, uterus, and pancreas. Tumor growth is initially very slow and progressive within the peritoneal cavity with an ultimate development of tumor ascites, spontaneous metastasis to the lung, increasing serum and ascites levels of CA125, and the retention of tumor-associated human fibroblasts and lymphocytes that remain functional and responsive to cytokines for prolonged periods. With this model one will be able to determine how fibroblasts and lymphocytes within the tumor microenvironment may contribute to tumor growth and metastasis, and will make it possible to evaluate the efficacy of therapies that are designed to target these cells in the tumor stroma.

  15. Enhanced photodynamic efficacy of PLGA-encapsulated 5-ALA nanoparticles in mice bearing Ehrlich ascites carcinoma

    Shaker, Maryam N.; Ramadan, Heba S.; Mohamed, Moustafa M.; El khatib, Ahmed M.; Roston, Gamal D.

    2014-10-01

    Nanoparticles (NPs) fabricated from the biodegradable copolymer poly(lactic- co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) were investigated as a drug delivery system to enhance the photodynamic efficacy of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) in mice bearing Ehrlich ascites carcinoma. The PLGA-encapsulated 5-ALA NPs were prepared using binary organic solvent diffusion method and characterized in terms of shape and particle size. The in vivo photodynamic efficiency in Ehrlich ascites-bearing mice was studied. The obtained particles were uniform in size with spherical shape of mean size of 249.5 nm as obtained by particle size analyzer and the in vitro release studies demonstrated a controlled release profile of 5-ALA. Tumor-bearing mice injected with PLGA-encapsulated 5-ALA NPs exhibited significantly smaller mean tumor volume, increased tumor growth delay compared with the control group and the group injected with free 5-ALA during the time course of the experiment. Histopathological examination of tumor from mice treated with PLGA-encapsulated 5-ALA NPs showed regression of tumor cells, in contrast to those obtained from mice treated with free 5-ALA. The results indicate that PLGA-encapsulated 5-ALA NPs are a successful delivery system for improving photodynamic activity in the target tissue.

  16. Calcium antagonist verapamil prevented pulmonary arterial hypertension in broilers with ascites by arresting pulmonary vascular remodeling.

    Yang, Ying; Qiao, Jian; Wang, Huiyu; Gao, Mingyu; Ou, Deyuan; Zhang, Jianjun; Sun, Maohong; Yang, Xin; Zhang, Xiaobo; Guo, Yuming

    2007-04-30

    Calcium signaling has been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension. Verapamil, one of the calcium antagonists, is used to characterize the role of calcium signaling in the development of pulmonary arterial hypertension syndrome in broilers. The suppression effect of verapamil on pulmonary arterial hypertension and pulmonary vascular remodeling was examined in broilers, from the age of 16 days to 43 days. Our results showed that oral administration of lower dose of verapamil (5 mg/kg body weight every 12 h) prevented the mean pulmonary arterial pressure, the ascites heart index and the erythrocyte packed cell volume of birds at low temperature from increasing, the heart rate from decreasing, and pulmonary arteriole median from thickening, and no pulmonary arteriole remodeling in broilers treated with the two doses of verapamil at low temperature was observed. Our results indicated that calcium signaling was involved in the development of broilers' pulmonary arterial hypertension, which leads to the development of ascites, and we suggest that verapamil may be used as a preventive agent to reduce the occurrence and development of pulmonary arterial hypertension in broilers. PMID:17320074

  17. Efficacy of tolvaptan in patients with refractory ascites in aclinical setting

    2015-01-01

    AIM To elucidate the efficacies of tolvaptan (TLV)as a treatment for refractory ascites compared withconventional treatment.METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 120 refractoryascites patients between January 1, 2009 and September31, 2014. Sixty patients were treated with oral TLVat a starting dose of 3.75 mg/d in addition to sodiumrestriction (〉 7 g/d), albumin infusion (10-20 g/wk), andstandard diuretic therapy (20-60 mg/d furosemide and25-50 mg/d spironolactone) and 60 patients with largevolume paracentesis in addition to sodium restriction(less than 7 g/d), albumin infusion (10-20 g/wk), andstandard diuretic therapy (20-120 mg/d furosemide and25-150 mg/d spironolactone). Patient demographicsand laboratory data, including liver function, werenot matched due to the small number of patients.Continuous variables were analyzed by unpaired t -testor paired t -test. Fisher's exact test was applied in casescomparing two nominal variables. We analyzed factorsaffecting clinical outcomes using receiver operatingcharacteristic curves and multivariate regressionanalysis. We also used multivariate Cox's proportionalhazard regression analysis to elucidate the risk factorsthat contributed to the increased incidence of ascites.RESULTS: TLV was effective in 38 (63.3%) patients.The best cut-off values for urine output and reducedurine osmolality as measures of refractory ascitesimprovement were 〉 1800 mL within the first 24 h and〉 30%, respectively. Multivariate regression analysisindicated that 〉 25% reduced urine osmolality [oddsratio (OR) = 20.7; P 〈 0.01] and positive hepatitis Cviral antibodies (OR = 5.93; P = 0.05) were positivelycorrelated with an improvement of refractory ascites,while the total bilirubin level per 1.0 mg/dL (OR = 0.57;P = 0.02) was negatively correlated with improvement.In comparing the TLV group and controls, only theserum sodium level was significantly lower in the TLVgroup (133 mEq/L vs

  18. 乳糜性腹水的临床分析%Clinical analysis of lacteal ascites

    李再波

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical character and remedial method of lacteal ascites Methods To analyze correlative domestic reference resources within more than 20 years, and analyz the pathogeny, clinical representation and remedial method of lacteal ascites. Results Within the 25! Cases of lacteal ascites in domestic reports, 165 sufferers are male,and 93 sufferers female,whose ag range from 32 days to 92 years old;The main pathogeneses are malignancy (23.40 percent) ,tubercula sis (12. 99 percent), hepatocirrhosis (14. 29 percent). The clinical representation is the primary ai fection symptoms as well as abdominal distention, diarrhea, physically thin, malnutrition, ascites, hy poproteinemia,low fever and bellyache,with some cases (35. 06 percent) having lacteal hydrothorax Conclusions The cases of lacteal ascites are not common. Radioactive nuclides lymphatic raster dis play,X - ray lymphatic visualization,take 13c long chain fatty acid (13c - LCD). Orientation check -up is helpful to the diagnosis of pathogeny. The first concern of remedy is to cure the primary affectio: symptoms, with the assistance of dietetic adjustment celiac centesis and the application of Chinese tradi tional medicine and operation. The result of the operation mainly lies on character of the primary affec tion symptoms, with a considerably high death rate.%目的 探讨乳糜腹水的临床特点和治疗方法.方法 分析国内20余年有关文献复习,分析乳糜腹水的病因、临床表现、诊断和治疗方法.结果 国内报道乳糜腹水258例,其中男165例,女93例,年龄32d~92岁;病因以恶性肿瘤(23.40%)、结核(12.99%)、肝硬化(14.29%)为主;临床表现在原发病的症状基础上,患者均有腹胀、腹泻、消瘦、营养不良、腹水、低蛋白血症及低热、腹痛,合并有乳糜胸水的占35.06%.结论 乳糜性腹水临床少见.放射性核素淋巴显像、X线淋巴管造影、口服13C长链脂肪酸(13C-LCT)定位检查有助于病

  19. Inhibition of lactate transport in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells and human erythrocytes by a synthetic anhydride of lactic acid.

    Johnson, J H; Belt, J A; Dubinsky, W P; Zimniak, A; Racker, E

    1980-08-01

    The synthesis and some of the physical and biological characteristics of a new inhibitor of lactate transport are described. The inhibitor is isobutylcarbonyl lactayl anhydride (iBCLA). It is formed by the condensation of lactic acid and isobutylchloroformate. It inhibits lactate transport 50% at 0.5 microgram/mg of protein in both Ehrlich ascites tumor cells and human erythrocytes. In contrast, 15 microgram of iBCLA/mg of protein is required for 50% inhibition of phosphate transport in erythrocytes, and phosphate transport in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells is unaffected at levels as high as 50 microgram of iBCLA/mg of protein. A time-dependent and concentration-dependent reversal of lactate transport inhibition took place on exposure of iBCLA-treated Ehrlich ascites cells to hydroxylamine or dithiothreitol. These data, along with the observed sensitivity of the lactate transporter to sulfhydryl reagents [Spencer, T. L., & Lehninger, A. L. (1976) Biochem. J. 154, 405-414], suggest that iBCLA acylates an essential sulfhydryl group on the transporter. When glycolyzing Ehrlich ascites tumor cells were treated with concentrations of iBCLA sufficient for complete inhibition of lactate transport, intracellular lactate levels increased, intracellular pH and extra-cellular lactate levels decreased, and overall lactate production was inhibited. PMID:7407072

  20. Anatomical parameters of cardiopulmonary system in three different lines of chickens: further evidence for involvement in ascites syndrome.

    Hassanzadeh, Mohammad; Gilanpour, Hassan; Charkhkar, Saied; Buyse, Johan; Decuypere, Eddy

    2005-06-01

    The present study was designed to compare the anatomical parameters of the cardiopulmonary system in three different lines of chickens with different susceptibility to ascites syndrome. Eggs from three different genetic lines-commercial broiler and layer lines and one native to Iran--were incubated and hatched, and 1-day-old chicks used. The relative heart and lung weights, the volumes of the heart, lung and thorax cavity, the incidence of ascites, and the related physiological parameters in these chickens were followed. Lung weight as a percentage of body weight, the relative lung and heart volume, and the volumes of the thorax cavity, before and after removing heart and lung tissues, were lower in fast-growing broiler chickens compared with the layer and native chickens. Additionally, most of these parameters (e.g. relative lung weight, lung volume and thorax cavity) were significantly decreased with age in broiler chickens but were increased in layer and native chickens, which was concomitant with the incidence of ascites in broiler chickens. Our data indicate that all cardiopulmonary parameters investigated are extremely unfavourable to broiler chickens and suggest a reduction in gas exchange area in broilers, and therefore higher susceptibility to pulmonary hypertension and ascites. PMID:16191701

  1. Cytotoxic and antiproliferative activity of Securidaca longepedunculata aqueous extract on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells in Swiss albino mice.

    R A Lawal

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Summary: Securidaca longepedunculata is a savannah shrub found growing in tropical Africa. It is reputed to have more than a hundred medicinal uses and is a major component of anticancer decoctions in Nigeria. An attempt was made in this study to determine the in vitro and in vivo cytotoxic activity and possible pro-apoptotic effect of Securidaca longepedunculata aqueous root bark extract on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells. In vitro cytotoxic activity was determined using the Trypan blue assay by incubating Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells with various concentrations of Securidaca longepedunculata aqueous extract. In vivo study was carried out by intraperitoneal administration of varied doses of Securidaca longepedunculata to tumour-bearing mice. Isolated DNA from Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells in treated and untreated animals was used for DNA fragmentation assay on agarose gel. Securidaca longepedunculata Aqueous extract, Securidaca longepedunculata was cytotoxic to Ehrlich ascites both in vivo and in vitro. The IC50 of Securidaca longepedunculata was 67 µg/ml. Securidaca longepedunculata caused a decrease in angiogenesis as observed in the reduction in weight of treated animals and a reduction in volume of ascitic fluid in treated mice.  DNA fragmentation assay of Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells from treated animals depicted a possible pro-apoptotic effect of the Securidaca longepedunculata extract due to the ladder forming pattern which was comparable to that of the standard drug (fluorouracil. Securidaca longepedunculata aqueous extract had a cytotoxic and pro-apoptotic effect on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells. Industrial relevance: The use of Securidaca longepedunculata in traditional medicine in the treatment and management of cancer has been brought to the fore. Development of herbal drugs from the crude extracts could be achieved due to findings suggesting the plant could increase life span in patients with advanced stages of cancer

  2. Acute Pancreatitis and Pregnancy

    ... Acute Pancreatitis > Acute Pancreatitis and Pregnancy test Acute Pancreatitis and Pregnancy Timothy Gardner, MD Acute pancreatitis is ... of acute pancreatitis in pregnancy. Reasons for Acute Pancreatitis and Pregnancy While acute pancreatitis is responsible for ...

  3. Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma abutting the diaphragm and gastrointestinal tracts with the use of artificial ascites: safety and technical efficacy in 143 patients

    The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility, safety and efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with the use of artificial ascites for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) adjacent to the diaphragm and gastrointestinal tract. One hundred forty-three patients with 181 HCCs who underwent US-guided percutaneous RFA with the use of artificial ascites were retrospectively reviewed. Among the 181 HCCs, 148 HCCs were defined as problematic nodules for two major reasons: poor sonic window or possible thermal injury. We artificially induced ascites before performing RFA by dripping 5% dextrose in a water solution. We assessed the technical success of introducing artificial ascites, technical feasibility of the use of artificial ascites and complications. The technical success rate, as well as the primary and secondary technique success rate, was assessed by regular follow-up CT examinations. RFA with artificial ascites was successfully achieved in 130 of 143 patients. The primary technique effectiveness was 85.3%. During follow-up (mean, 20.4 months), remote intrahepatic recurrence occurred in 49 patients and local tumor progression occurred in 15 patients. Three (2.1%) of the 143 patients experienced major complications (hemoperitoneum, lobar infarction and biloma) related to the RFA procedure. The use of artificial ascites is a simple and useful technique to minimize collateral thermal injury and to improve the sonic window. (orig.)

  4. Ovarian small cell carcinoma of pulmonary type appearing in ante-mortem ascites: An autopsy case and review of the literature

    Hirotsugu Hashimoto, MD

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Ovarian small cell carcinoma of pulmonary type (OSCCPT is an extremely rare and aggressive disease. The diagnostic significance of cytology of ascites for OSCCPT, however, has not been shown so far. Here, we report the diagnosis of this carcinoma in an autopsy case with ante-mortem cytology of ascites. A 75 year-old woman was detected with bilateral ovarian cancer by radiological imaging. Although operation was planned, massive ascites was discovered a few weeks later. Ascites was removed with abdominocentesis, which cytologically diagnosed presence of carcinoma, suspicious of adenocarcinoma. A few days later, she died. From autopsy samples, we diagnosed this case as bilateral OSCCPT, showing neuroendocrine differentiation by immunohistochemistry. We reviewed ante-mortem cytology of ascites and found scattered small atypical cells. Immunocytochemical study of the cell block of the ascites showed neuroendocrine differentiation of the atypical cells in an identical manner as the autopsy specimens. Since small atypical cells of OSCCPT often exist with other histological tumor components, careful screening of all cells on the preparation is advisable to accurately diagnose OSCCPT by cytology of ascites.

  5. Percutaneous radiofrequency ablation of hepatocellular carcinoma abutting the diaphragm and gastrointestinal tracts with the use of artificial ascites: safety and technical efficacy in 143 patients

    Song, Inyoung; Rhim, Hyunchul; Lim, Hyo K.; Kim, Young-sun; Choi, Dongil [Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea)

    2009-11-15

    The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility, safety and efficacy of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) with the use of artificial ascites for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) adjacent to the diaphragm and gastrointestinal tract. One hundred forty-three patients with 181 HCCs who underwent US-guided percutaneous RFA with the use of artificial ascites were retrospectively reviewed. Among the 181 HCCs, 148 HCCs were defined as problematic nodules for two major reasons: poor sonic window or possible thermal injury. We artificially induced ascites before performing RFA by dripping 5% dextrose in a water solution. We assessed the technical success of introducing artificial ascites, technical feasibility of the use of artificial ascites and complications. The technical success rate, as well as the primary and secondary technique success rate, was assessed by regular follow-up CT examinations. RFA with artificial ascites was successfully achieved in 130 of 143 patients. The primary technique effectiveness was 85.3%. During follow-up (mean, 20.4 months), remote intrahepatic recurrence occurred in 49 patients and local tumor progression occurred in 15 patients. Three (2.1%) of the 143 patients experienced major complications (hemoperitoneum, lobar infarction and biloma) related to the RFA procedure. The use of artificial ascites is a simple and useful technique to minimize collateral thermal injury and to improve the sonic window. (orig.)

  6. Severe Hypertriglyceridemia Induced Pancreatitis in Pregnancy

    Natasha Gupta

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Acute pancreatitis caused by severe gestational hypertriglyceridemia is a rare complication of pregnancy. Acute pancreatitis has been well associated with gallstone disease, alcoholism, or drug abuse but rarely seen in association with severe hypertriglyceridemia. Hypertriglyceridemia may occur in pregnancy due to normal physiological changes leading to abnormalities in lipid metabolism. We report a case of severe gestational hypertriglyceridemia that caused acute pancreatitis at full term and was successfully treated with postpartum therapeutic plasma exchange. Patient also developed several other complications related to her substantial hypertriglyceridemia including preeclampsia, chylous ascites, retinal detachment, pleural effusion, and chronic pericarditis. This patient had no previous family or personal history of lipid abnormality and had four successful prior pregnancies without developing gestational hypertriglyceridemia. Such a severe hypertriglyceridemia is usually seen in patients with familial chylomicronemia syndromes where hypertriglyceridemia is exacerbated by the pregnancy, leading to fatal complications such as acute pancreatitis.

  7. Evolution of sarcoma 180 (ascitic tumor in mice infected with Schistosoma mansoni

    Fausto Edmundo Lima Pereira

    1986-03-01

    Full Text Available Mice infected with 60 cercariae of Schistosoma mansoni were more resistant to the sarcoma 180 ascites tumor. Tumor inoculation was performed 50 days after schistosoma infection and the animals were observed and weighed at 48 hours intervals for development and progression of malignancy. In infected mice the weight gain (ascites formation started later and was shorter than in uninfected Controls. Also, the number of tumor cells into the peritoneal cavity 72h after tumor implantation was shorter in infected group than incontrols. This in creased resistance against a transplantable tumor probably is related to the effect of endotoxin on tumoricidal activity of macrophages activated by the infection. The immunodepression induced by Schistosoma mansoni infection enhances the proliferation of endogenous bacteria increasing the amount of endotoxin absorbed from the gut.Camundongos infectados com 60 cercárias de Schistosoma mansoni tomaram-se mais resistentes ao sarcoma 180 na forma de tumor ascítico. A inoculação das células tumorais foi feita no 50º dia de infecção e a evolução do tumor foi acompanhada através dapesagem dos animais com intervalos de 48 horas. Nos camundongos infectados o ganho de peso (formação da ascite começou mais tarde e foi menor do que nos controles não infectados. Também o número de células tumorais na cavidade peritoneal 72 horas após a implantação do tumor foi menor no grupo infectado. Este aumento de resistência a um tumor transplantávelpossivelmente está relacionado ao efeito de endotoxinas sobre a atividade tumoricida dos macrofagos ativados pela infecção. A imunossupressão induzida pela infecção favorece a proliferação de bactérias da flora endógena aumentando a quantidade de endotoxinas absorvidas pelo intestino.

  8. Effects of dietary L-carnitine and coenzyme Q10 supplementation on performance and ascites mortality of broilers.

    Geng, Ailian; Guo, Yuming; Yuan, Jianmin

    2004-12-01

    The study was conducted to determine the effects of dietary L-carnitine and coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplementation on growth performance and ascites mortality of broilers. A 3 x 3 factorial arrangement was employed with three levels (0, 75 and 150 mg/kg) of L-carnitine and three levels of CoQ10 (0, 20 and 40 mg/kg) supplementation during the experiment. Five hundred and forty one-day-old Arbor Acre male broiler chicks were randomly allocated into nine groups with six replicates each. All birds were fed with the basal diets from day 1 to 7 and changed to the experimental diets from day 8. During day 15 to 21 all the birds were exposed to low ambient temperature (15-18 degrees C) to induce ascites. The results showed that under this condition, growth performance of broilers were not significantly affected by CoQ10 or L-carnitine + CoQ10 supplementation during week 0-3 and 0-6, but body weight gain (BWG) of broilers was significantly reduced by 150 mg/ kg L-carnitine during week 0-6. Packed cell volume (PCV) of broilers was significantly decreased by L-carnitine and L-carnitine + CoQ10 supplementation (P ascites heart index (AHI) and ascites mortality of broilers were significantly decreased by L-carnitine, CoQ10 and L-carnitine + CoQ10 supplementation. Though no significant changes were observed in total antioxidative capability (T-AOC), total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) was increased by L-carnitine, CoQ10 and L-carnitine + CoQ10 supplementation (P ascites mortality of broilers; the reason may be partially associated with their antioxidative effects. PMID:15732580

  9. Clinical value of detection of malignant ascites and thoracic exudate by means of six tumor-markers

    Objective: To study the clinical value of six potential tumor markers including serums CA125, CYFRA21-1, CA-50, CA15-3, HCG, β-HCG. These were determined in effusions of malignant ascites and hydrothorax of 170 patients, with cellular examination as control. Methods: Using IRMA. Results: The data of our experiments revealed that of all six tumor-markers, CA125 was the highest in positive rate as well as concordance rate with cytology examination. In or- der CA125, CA-50, CA15-3, CYFRA21-1, β-HCG. It was valuable to point out that the specificity of HCG and β-HCG was very strong and there was no false positivity had yet been found with them. Though their positivity was not so high as that of CA125. Have to higher specificity of detection of malignant ascites by CYFRA21-1. Conclusions: It suggested that + CYFRA21-1 should be the preferred choice in diagnosing malignant hydrothorax next + CA-50,CYFRA21-1 +CA-50; for malignant ascites as well, CA125 + β-HCG determination is just as good, next CA125 + CYFRA21-1. We believe that when a clear diagnosis of a primary focus of cancer is made clinically, or a malignant ascites or thoracic exudate come highly under suspicion, the diagnosis of malignancy of the ascites or thoracic exudate can be established even though the exfoliative cells, provided the detection by tumor-markers, it has got one of the following results: the roles of tumor-markers determination in malignant serous effusions, two of CA125, CYFRA21-1. CA15-3 and CA-50 markers are positive; anyone of the above markers plus HCG or β-HCG positivity; both HCG and β-HCG or CA15-3 are positive. (author)

  10. Bronchitis - acute

    ... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Acute bronchitis is swelling and inflammation in the main passages ... present only for a short time. Causes When acute bronchitis occurs, it almost always comes after having a ...

  11. Bronchitis - acute

    Acute bronchitis is swelling and inflammation in the main passages that carry air to the lungs. The swelling narrows ... makes it harder to breathe. Another symptom of bronchitis is a cough. Acute means the symptoms have ...

  12. Acute Bronchitis

    Bronchitis is an inflammation of the bronchial tubes, the airways that carry air to your lungs. It ... chest tightness. There are two main types of bronchitis: acute and chronic. Most cases of acute bronchitis ...

  13. [Early complications and long-term results of the LeVeen peritoneo-venous shunt in the treatment of refractory ascites].

    Arciero, G; Di Blasio, V; Botta, V; Rossi, M; Pigna, F; Di Tora, A

    1996-11-01

    Results concerning 14 cirrhotic patients who underwent LeVeen peritoneo-venous shunt for refractory or complicated ascites are discussed. The most relevant early complications regard coagulation disorders (35.7%) with a 14.3% postoperative mortality. The functional result appears largely satisfactory, also in terms of long-term efficiency. Utility of a wide evacuation of ascitic fluid during the operation is underlined. Ascites drainage at operation doesn't compromise shunt function or renal resumption, furthermore it may prevent some life-threatening complications like DIC, esophageal varices rupture and congestive heart failure. PMID:9072716

  14. Acute pancreatitis

    Bo-Guang Fan; Åke Andrén-Sandberg

    2010-01-01

    Background : Acute pancreatitis continues to be a serious illness, and the patients with acute pancreatitis are at risk to develop different complications from ongoing pancreatic inflammation. Aims : The present review is to highlight the classification, treatment and prognosis of acute pancreatitis. Material & Methods : We reviewed the English-language literature (Medline) addressing pancreatitis. Results : Acute pancreatitis is frequently caused by gallstone disease or excess alcohol ingest...

  15. Acute pancreatitis

    Bo-Guang Fan; Åke Andrén-Sandberg

    2010-01-01

    Background: Acute pancreatitis continues to be a serious illness, and the patients with acute pancreatitis are at risk to develop different complications from ongoing pancreatic inflammation. Aims: The present review is to highlight the classification, treatment and prognosis of acute pancreatitis. Material & Methods: We reviewed the English-language literature (Medline) addressing pancreatitis. Results: Acute pancreatitis is frequently caused by gallstone disease or excess alcohol ingestion....

  16. MicroRNA Expression Profiles Associated with Development of Drug Resistance in Ehrlich Ascites Tumor Cells

    Husted, Susanne; Søkilde, Rolf; Rask, Lene;

    2011-01-01

    in miRNA expression in a sensitive and five increasingly drug-resistant Ehrlich ascites tumor (EAT) cell lines, representing different steps in the development of resistance. We used an LNA-enhanced microarray platform to study the global miRNA expression profiles in the six murine EAT cell lines...... clusters miR-30d∼miR-30b and miR-23b∼miR-27b∼miR-24-1 were downregulated in most of the resistant EAT cells. Several of the target genes for these miRNAs-including Zeb1/Zeb2 and members of the Fox gene family-could contribute to the drug-resistant phenotype, although we did not find that the degree of...

  17. Regulation of Caspase-3 and Bcl-2 Expression in Dalton's Lymphoma Ascites Cells by Abrin

    V. Ramnath

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The role of abrin, a toxic lectin isolated from seeds of Abrus precatorius Linn in inducing apoptosis in murine Dalton's Lymphoma Ascites (DLA cells was evaluated. Abrin when incubated at the concentration of 10 ng per million DLA cells could bring about cell death as typical morphological changes with apoptosis. However, necrotic cell death dominated when a higher dose of abrin was used. DNA samples, isolated from DLA cells treated with abrin showed fragmentation. Abrin brought about induction of apoptosis by stimulating the expression of pro-apoptotic Caspase-3, at the same time blocking the expression of Bcl-2, which is an anti apoptotic gene. However, the expression of tumor suppressor gene p53 has not been observed in control and abrin-treated DLA cells. Results suggested that abrin effectively induced apoptotic changes in the tumor cells that led to cellular death.

  18. Shrinkage insensitivity of NKCC1 in myosin II-depleted cytoplasts from Ehrlich ascites tumor cells

    Hoffmann, Else K; Pedersen, Stine F

    2007-01-01

    Protein phosphorylation/dephosphorylation and cytoskeletal reorganization regulate the Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransporter (NKCC1) during osmotic shrinkage; however, the mechanisms involved are unclear. We show that in cytoplasts, plasma membrane vesicles detached from Ehrlich ascites tumor cells (EATC......) by cytochalasin treatment, NKCC1 activity evaluated as bumetanide-sensitive (86)Rb influx was increased compared with the basal level in intact cells yet could not be further increased by osmotic shrinkage. Accordingly, cytoplasts exhibited no regulatory volume increase after shrinkage. In cytoplasts......, cortical F-actin organization was disrupted, and myosin II, which in shrunken EATC translocates to the cortical region, was absent. Moreover, NKCC1 activity was essentially insensitive to the myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) inhibitor ML-7, a potent blocker of shrinkage-induced NKCC1 activity in intact...

  19. Indigenous cost-effective peritoneo-venous shunt for refractory ascites.

    Marimuthu, K; Kumar, A Suresh; Sabanathan, S; Gowrishankar, A; Kumar, P Sasi; Rajkumar, J S

    2004-01-01

    About 5% of patients with chronic liver disease develop massive refractory ascites. These patients cease to respond to diuretic therapy and may develop prerenal azotemia. There is a small but definite role for the peritoneo-venous shunt in these patients. In our study of 36 patients, managed with locally made, single-valved peritoneo-venous shunts (GSAIMS shunts), shunt failure and complication rates were assessed postoperatively. There is a definite improvement in quality of life with this cost-effective locally made shunt if patients are selected carefully. Long-term follow-up of these patients is not possible because most of these patients succumb to advanced liver disease. PMID:15285240

  20. Surface markers of small lymphocytes appearing in the mouse Ehrlich ascites tumour, host spleen and blood

    Small lymphocytes sampled from intraperitoneally growing Ehrlich ascites tumour in CBA/H-T6 mice as well as host spleen and blood at different days of tumour development were characterized radioautographically on the basis of two surface markers, IgM for B cells and theta antigen for T cells. A direct binding of 125I-labelled anti-IgM detected natural surface IgM, while an indirect binding following a prior exposure to anti-theta antibody detected theta antigen. Cells remaining unlabelled with the latter procedure were considered to lack both markers (double negative). Changes in the proportions and absolute numbers of the different cells were related to tumour growth and development. (author)

  1. Anticancer activity of Jasminum angustifolium Linn against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells bearing mice

    Pradeep Rajkumar

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Present investigations were carried out for evaluation of antitumor and in vitro antioxidant activity of ethanol and aqueous extracts of Jasminum angustifolium Linn. Methods: For its antitumor activity, Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC induced swiss albino mice were used and were divided into five group with 6 animal each.The antitumor effect was assessed using viable tumour cell count, packed cell volume, body weight, mean survival time and percentage increase in life span. Apart from that, hematological and liver enzyme studies were noticed upon the ethanol and aqueous extracts of Jasminum angustifolium Linn administered at 500 mg/kg per day for 14 days, after 24 hours of tumor inoculation. Results: Treatment with extracts significantly restored the altered parameters to normal when compared to cancer control group. Conclusion: The results suggest that ethanol extract of Jasminum angustifolium Linn possess significant antitumor effects in EAC tumour bearing mice. [J Exp Integr Med 2012; 2(3.000: 271-275

  2. Unique proteome signature of post-chemotherapy ovarian cancer ascites-derived tumor cells.

    Ahmed, Nuzhat; Greening, David; Samardzija, Chantel; Escalona, Ruth M; Chen, Maoshan; Findlay, Jock K; Kannourakis, George

    2016-01-01

    Eighty % of ovarian cancer patients diagnosed at an advanced-stage have complete remission after initial surgery and chemotherapy. However, most patients die within identification of 353 proteins. There were significant differences in proteins encoding for immune surveillance, DNA repair mechanisms, cytoskeleton rearrangement, cell-cell adhesion, cell cycle pathways, cellular transport, and proteins involved with glycine/proline/arginine synthesis in tumor cells isolated from CR relative to CN patients. Pathway analyses revealed enrichment of metabolic pathways, DNA repair mechanisms and energy metabolism pathways in CR tumor cells. In conclusion, this is the first proteomics study to comprehensively analyze ascites-derived tumor cells from CN and CR ovarian cancer patients. PMID:27470985

  3. Cell swelling activates separate taurine and chloride channels in Ehrlich mouse ascites tumor cells

    Lambert, Ian Henry; Hoffmann, Else Kay

    1994-01-01

    The taurine efflux from Ehrlich ascites tumor cells is stimulated by hypotonic cell swelling. The swelling-activated taurine efflux is unaffected by substitution of gluconate for extracellular Cl– but inhibited by addition of MK196 (anion channel blocker) and 4,4 -diisothiocyanostilbene-2......,2 -disulfonic acid (DIDS; anion channel and anion exchange blocker) and by depolarization of the cell membrane. This is taken to indicate that taurine does not leave the osmotically swollen Ehrlich cells in exchange for extracellular Cl–, i.e., via the anion exchanger but via a MK196- and DIDS-sensitive channel...... that is potential dependent. An additional stimulation of the swelling-activated taurine efflux is seen after addition of arachidonic acid and oleic acid. Cell swelling also activates a Mini Cl– channel. The Cl– efflux via this Cl– channel, in contrast to the swelling-activated taurine efflux, is...

  4. Antitumour and antioxidant activity of some Red Sea seaweeds in Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in vivo.

    Ahmed, Hanaa H; Hegazi, Muhammad M; Abd-Alla, Howaida I; Eskander, Emad F; Ellithey, Mona S

    2011-01-01

    The antitumour activities of extracts from the Red Sea seaweeds Jania rubens, Sargassum subrepandum, and Ulva lactuca were investigated in an in vivo mice model based on intramuscular injection of Ehrlich ascites tumour cells. In parallel, antioxidant activities were measured. Tumour marker levels, liver biochemical parameters, and hepatic oxidant/antioxidant status were measured to prove the anticancer and antioxidant nature of the algal extracts. Significant decreases in carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and a-fetoprotein (AFP) levels, activities of liver enzymes, levels of nitric oxide (NO) and malondialdehyde (MDA), and an increase in total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were recorded in groups treated with the algal extracts. Jania rubens was selected for phytochemical screening of its phytoconstituents. In addition, carotenoids, halides, minerals, lipoidal matters, proteins, and carbohydrates were studied. Furthermore, 7-oxo-cholest-5(6)-en-3-ol (1) and cholesterol (2) were isolated from the dichloromethane fraction. PMID:21950161

  5. Hepatic hydrothorax without ascites as the first sign of liver cirrhosis.

    Kim, Jung Soo; Kim, Cheol-Woo; Nam, Hae-Seong; Cho, Jae Hwa; Ryu, Jeong-Seon; Lee, Hong Lyeol

    2016-03-01

    A 60-year-old woman without a history of liver diseases, but with a history of regular alcohol consumption, presented with a right-sided transudative pleural effusion. Neither parenchymal lung lesion nor pleural thickening was seen on a chest computed tomography. On abdominal ultrasonography, the liver size and contour were normal, and ascites was not noted. Despite performing imaging and laboratory studies, we could not find a cause of the pleural effusion. Thus, due to her history of regular alcohol consumption, we decided to measure liver stiffness using a transient elastography (Fibroscan(®), Echosens(TM), Paris, France), which showed a value of 35.3 kPa suggestive of liver cirrhosis. An intraperitoneal injection of a radioisotope demonstrated the transdiaphragmatic flow of fluid from peritoneal cavity to pleural cavity. The diagnosis was confirmed as hepatic hydrothorax. Management consisting of restricted salt and water intake with diuretics resulted in resolution of the hepatic hydrothorax. PMID:26839695

  6. Cell Swelling Activates Phospholipase A2 in Ehrlich Ascites Tumor Cells

    Thoroed, S.M.; Lauritzen, L.; Lambert, I.H.;

    1997-01-01

    Ehrlich ascites tumor cells! loaded with H-labeled arachidonic acid and C-labeled stearic acid for two hours, were washed and transferred to either isotonic or hypotonic media containing BSA to scavenge the labeled fatty acids released from the cells. During the first two minutes of hypo......-osmotic exposure the rate of H-labeled arachidonic acid release is 3.3 times higher than that observed at normal osmolality. Cell swelling also causes an increase in the production of C-stearic acid-labeled lysophosphatidylcholine. This indicates that a phospholipase A is activated by cell swelling in the Ehrlich...... cells. Within the same time frame there is no swelling-induced increase in C-labeled stearic acid release nor in the synthesis of phosphatidyl C-butanol in the presence of C-butanol. Furthermore, U7312, an inhibitor of phospholipase C, does not affect the swelling induced release of C...

  7. Continuous cell lines and immune ascitic fluid pools in arbovirus detection

    Digoutte, J. P.; Calvo-Wilson, M.A.; Mondo, M.; Traore-Lamizana, Moumouni; Adam, François

    1992-01-01

    Pour la recherche et l'isolement des arbovirus, des expérimentations successives nous ont amenés à utiliser, parmi les lignées de cellules en culture continue dont l'utilisation est préconisée par l'OMS, les deux systèmes cellulaires MOS61 (cellules de #Aedes pseudoscutellaris$) et Vero. La détection des virus dans les sytèmes cellulaires est réalisée à l'aide de 7 pools de 10 ascites hyperimmunes polyvalentes. Cette technique permet la mise en évidence de 70 sur 80 arbovirus transmis par le...

  8. Effects of intratumoral injection of I-125 iododeoxyuridine on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma

    Intratumoral injection of I-125 iododeoxyuridine (IUdR), saline solution, and oil suspension was investigated using Ehrlich ascites tumors in the thighs of mice. The oil suspension was more effective in tumor growth delay than was the saline solution. Single injection of the oil suspension at the dose of 12.5 microCi resulted in 21.5 days growth delay, whereas 50 microCi of the saline solution resulted in 11.5 days growth delay relative to control growth delay. At 40 days after treatment, higher radioactivities were observed in the tumor and the skin of the mice treated with the oil suspension, which represented the prolongation of I-125 IUdR oil suspension within the tumor. No normal tissue toxicities were observed

  9. Segregation analysis of blood oxygen saturation in broilers suggests a major gene influence on ascites.

    Navarro, P; Visscher, P M; Chatziplis, D; Koerhuis, A N M; Haley, C S

    2006-12-01

    1. Blood oxygen saturation (SaO) is a potential indicator trait for resistance to ascites in chickens. 2. The objective of the study was to investigate the genetic architecture of SaO in a meat-type chicken line reared in commercial conditions. 3. Data were collected over 15 generations of selection and were divided into two data sets on the basis of a change in recording age from 6 to 5 weeks of age, approximately halfway through the period. The resulting pedigrees comprised in excess of 90,000 birds each and, on average, 12% of these birds had SaO records. 4. Segregation analyses of SaO were carried out assuming a mixed inheritance model that included a major locus segregating in a polygenic background. 5. The analyses suggest that a major gene is involved in the genetic control of SaO in this line. The putative gene acts in a dominant fashion and has an additive effect of around 0.90 sigma(p), equivalent to a predicted difference in SaO between the two homozygous classes of more than 10%. The frequency of the allele that increases SaO changed from 0.53 to 0.65 from the first to the second set of data, consistent with selection on SaO scores. 6. Using estimated genotype probabilities at the putative major locus, we inferred that it acts in an overdominant fashion on body weight and fleshing score. If the low SaO allele leads to susceptibility to ascites, its combined effects are consistent with it being maintained in the population by a balance of natural selection on fitness nad artificial selection on growth and carcase traits. 7. Even with selection on both SaO and growth traits, the combined genotypic effects would make it difficult to remove the unfavourable low-SaO allele by means of traditional selection without the use of genetic markers. PMID:17190674

  10. Acute pancreatitis

    Bo-Guang Fan

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Acute pancreatitis continues to be a serious illness, and the patients with acute pancreatitis are at risk to develop different complications from ongoing pancreatic inflammation. Aims: The present review is to highlight the classification, treatment and prognosis of acute pancreatitis. Material & Methods: We reviewed the English-language literature (Medline addressing pancreatitis. Results: Acute pancreatitis is frequently caused by gallstone disease or excess alcohol ingestion. There are a number of important issues regarding clinical highlights in the classification, treatment and prognosis of acute pancreatitis, and treatment options for complications of acute pancreatitis including pancreatic pseudocysts. Conclusions: Multidisciplinary approach should be used for the management of the patient with acute pancreatitis.

  11. Acute pancreatitis

    Bo-Guang Fan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Acute pancreatitis continues to be a serious illness, and the patients with acute pancreatitis are at risk to develop different complications from ongoing pancreatic inflammation. Aims : The present review is to highlight the classification, treatment and prognosis of acute pancreatitis. Material & Methods : We reviewed the English-language literature (Medline addressing pancreatitis. Results : Acute pancreatitis is frequently caused by gallstone disease or excess alcohol ingestion. There are a number of important issues regarding clinical highlights in the classification, treatment and prognosis of acute pancreatitis, and treatment options for complications of acute pancreatitis including pancreatic pseudocysts. Conclusions : Multidisciplinary approach should be used for the management of the patient with acute pancreatitis.

  12. Effect of the selective vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists in hepatic cirrhosis patients with ascites: a meta-analysis

    Shao-hui TANG

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of selective vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists in the treatment of hepatic cirrhosis patients with ascites. Methods PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Database for Chinese Technical Periodical (VIP, Chinese Journal Full-Text Database (CNKI, and Wan Fang Digital Journal Full-text Database were retrieved to collect clinical randomized controlled trials of hepatic cirrhosis with ascites treated by selective vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists. Meta analysis was performed by using Review Manager 5.0. Results Nine randomized controlled trials including 1884 patients met the inclusion criteria. Meta-analysis showed that: 1 The selective vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists were associated with a significant reduction in body weight compared with placebo (WMD=–1.98kg, 95%CI:–3.24-–0.72kg, P=0.002. Treatment with selective vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists was associated with an improvement of low serum sodium concentration compared to placebo (WMD=3.74mmol/L, 95%CI: 0.91-6.58mmol/L, P=0.01. The percentage of patients with worsening ascites was higher in the group of patients treated with placebo (RR=0.51, 95%CI: 0.34-0.77, P=0.001. 2 The amplitude of increased urine volume was obviously higher in selective vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists group than in placebo group (WMD=1437.65ml, 95%CI: 649.01-2226.30ml, P=0.0004. The difference of serum creatinine in the selective vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists group was not statistically significant compared with the control group (WMD=–3.49μmol/L, 95%CI: –12.54¬5.56μmol/L, P=0.45. 3 There was no statistical significance between the two groups in the heart rate, systolic pressure, diastolic pressure and mortality (P>0.05. The rate of other adverse reactions was higher in the selective vasopressin V2 receptor antagonists group compared with that of placebo group (P=0.003. Conclusion

  13. Hemodynamic Consequences of Malignant Ascites in Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Surgery*: A Prospective Substudy of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Hunsicker, Oliver; Fotopoulou, Christina; Pietzner, Klaus; Koch, Mandy; Krannich, Alexander; Sehouli, Jalid; Spies, Claudia; Feldheiser, Aarne

    2015-12-01

    Malignant ascites (MA) is most commonly observed in patients scheduled for epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) surgery and is supposed as a major risk factor promoting perioperative hemodynamic deterioration. We aimed to assess the hemodynamic consequences of MA on systemic circulation in patients undergoing cytoreductive EOC surgery.This study is a predefined post-hoc analysis of a randomized controlled pilot trial comparing intravenous solutions within a goal-directed algorithm to optimize hemodynamic therapy in patients undergoing cytoreductive EOC surgery. Ascites was used to stratify the EOC patients prior to randomization in the main study. We analyzed 2 groups according to the amount of ascites (NLAS: none or low ascites [500 mL]). Differences in hemodynamic variables with respect to time were analyzed using nonparametric analysis for longitudinal data and multivariate generalized estimating equation adjusting the analysis for the randomized study groups of the main study.A total of 31 patients in the NLAS and 16 patients in the HAS group were analyzed. Although cardiac output was not different between groups suggesting a similar circulatory blood flow, the HAS group revealed higher heart rates and lower stroke volumes during surgery. There were no differences in pressure-based hemodynamic variables. In the HAS group, fluid demands, reflected by the time to reindication of a fluid challenge after preload optimization, increased steadily, whereas stroke volume could not be maintained at baseline resulting in hemodynamic instability after 1.5 h of surgery. In contrast, in the NLAS group fluid demands were stable and stroke volume could be maintained during surgery. Clinically relevant associations of the type of fluid replacement with hemodynamic consequences were particularly observed in the HAS group, in which transfusion of fresh frozen plasma (FFP) was associated to an improved circulatory flow and reduced vasopressor and fluid demands, whereas the

  14. The effects of feed restriction and ambient temperature on growth and ascites mortality of broilers reared at high altitude.

    Ozkan, S; Takma, C; Yahav, S; Sögüt, B; Türkmut, L; Erturun, H; Cahaner, A

    2010-05-01

    The development of ascites was investigated in broilers at low versus high altitudes, cold versus normal ambient temperatures (AT), and 3 feeding regimens. One-day-old chicks obtained at sea level were reared at high altitude (highA; 1,720 m; n = 576) with 2 AT treatments, low AT from 3 wk onward at highA (highA/cold) and normal AT from 3 wk onward at highA (highA/norm), or at sea level (normal AT from 3 wk onward at low altitude, lowA/norm; n = 540). Under highA/cold, AT ranged between 16 to 17 degrees C in the fourth week, 17 to 19 degrees C in the fifth week, and 19 to 21 degrees C thereafter. Under highA/norm and lowA/norm, AT was 24 degrees C in the fourth week and ranged between 22 to 24 degrees C thereafter. Broilers in each condition were divided into 3 groups: feed restriction (FR) from 7 to 14 d, FR from 7 to 21 d, and ad libitum (AL). Ascites mortality and related parameters were recorded. Low mortality (0.4%) occurred under lowA/norm conditions. Under highA/norm, mortality was lower in females (8.6%) than in males (13.8%) and was not affected by the feeding regimen. The highA/cold treatment resulted in higher mortality but only in males; it was 44.2% among highA/cold AL-fed males and only about 26% under the FR regimens, suggesting that FR helped some males to better acclimatize to the highA/cold environment and avoid ascites. However, mortality was only 13.3% in AL-fed males at highA/norm and FR did not further reduce the incidence of ascites under these conditions. Thus, avoiding low AT in the poultry house by slight heating was more effective than FR in reducing ascites mortality at highA. Compared with FR from 7 to 14 d, FR from 7 to 21 d did not further reduce mortality and reduced growth. At 47 d, the majority of surviving broilers at highA had high levels of hematocrit and right ventricle:total ventricle weight ratio (>0.29), but they were healthy and reached approximately the same BW as their counterparts at low altitude. This finding may

  15. Anti-Tumor Activity of Four Ayurvedic Herbs in Dalton Lymphoma Ascites Bearing Mice and Their Short-Term In Vitro Cytotoxicity on DLA-Cell-Line

    Adhvaryu, Meghna R; Reddy, Narshimha; Parabia, Minoo H

    2008-01-01

    The anti-tumor activity and chemopreventive potential of four Ayurvedic herbs viz. Curcuma longa L., Ocimum sanctum L., Tinospora cordifolia (Wild) Miers ex Hook.f & Thomas and Zizyphus mauritiana Lam. were evaluated using Dalton Lymphoma ascites (DLA) tumor model in Swiss Albino mice. The outcome was assessed using survival time, peritoneal ascitic fluid (Tumor volume) and hematological indices as parameters. Animals were divided into five groups (n = 6) viz. one DLA control and four Herb + ...

  16. Pharmacokinetics, micro-SPECT/CT imaging and therapeutic efficacy of 188Re-DXR-liposome in C26 colon carcinoma ascites mice model

    The pharmacokinetics and internal radionuclide therapy of intraperitoneally administrated 188Re-N,N-bis(2-mercaptoethyl)-N',N'-diethylethylenediamine (BMEDA)-labeled pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (188Re-DXR-liposome) were investigated in the C26 murine colon carcinoma ascites mouse model. After intraperitoneal administration of the nanotargeted bimodality 188Re-DXR-liposome, the ascites and tumor accumulation of the radioactivity were observed, the levels of radioactivity within the ascites were maintained at relatively higher levels before 48 h and the levels of radioactivity in the tumor were maintained at steady levels after 4 h. The AUC(o→∞) of 188Re-DXR-liposome in blood, ascites and tumor was 9.3-, 4.2- and 4.7-fold larger than that of 188Re-BMEDA, respectively. The maximum tolerated dose of intraperitoneally administrated 188Re-DXR-liposome was determined in normal BALB/c mice. The survival, tumor and ascites inhibition of mice after 188Re-DXR-liposome (22.2 MBq of 188Re, 5 mg/kg of DXR) treatment were evaluated. Consequently, radiochemotherapeutics of 188Re-DXR-liposome attained better survival time, tumor and ascites inhibition (decreased by 49% and 91% at 4 days after treatment; P188Re-liposome or chemotherapeutics of Lipo-Dox did. Therefore, intraperitoneal administration of novel 188Re-DXR-liposome could provide a benefit and promising strategy for delivery of passive nanotargeted bimodality radiochemotherapeutics in oncology applications

  17. Pharmacokinetics, micro-SPECT/CT imaging and therapeutic efficacy of (188)Re-DXR-liposome in C26 colon carcinoma ascites mice model.

    Chen, Liang-Cheng; Chang, Chih-Hsien; Yu, Chia-Yu; Chang, Ya-Jen; Wu, Yu-Hsien; Lee, Wan-Chi; Yeh, Chung-Hsin; Lee, Te-Wei; Ting, Gann

    2008-11-01

    The pharmacokinetics and internal radionuclide therapy of intraperitoneally administrated (188)Re-N,N-bis(2-mercaptoethyl)-N',N'-diethylethylenediamine (BMEDA)-labeled pegylated liposomal doxorubicin ((188)Re-DXR-liposome) were investigated in the C26 murine colon carcinoma ascites mouse model. After intraperitoneal administration of the nanotargeted bimodality (188)Re-DXR-liposome, the ascites and tumor accumulation of the radioactivity were observed, the levels of radioactivity within the ascites were maintained at relatively higher levels before 48 h and the levels of radioactivity in the tumor were maintained at steady levels after 4 h. The AUC((o-->infinity)) of (188)Re-DXR-liposome in blood, ascites and tumor was 9.3-, 4.2- and 4.7-fold larger than that of (188)Re-BMEDA, respectively. The maximum tolerated dose of intraperitoneally administrated (188)Re-DXR-liposome was determined in normal BALB/c mice. The survival, tumor and ascites inhibition of mice after (188)Re-DXR-liposome (22.2 MBq of (188)Re, 5 mg/kg of DXR) treatment were evaluated. Consequently, radiochemotherapeutics of (188)Re-DXR-liposome attained better survival time, tumor and ascites inhibition (decreased by 49% and 91% at 4 days after treatment; Ppassive nanotargeted bimodality radiochemotherapeutics in oncology applications. PMID:19026950

  18. Ascites in the Puerperium in the Context of a Woman with Turner Syndrome Who Conceived through Assisted Reproductive Technology

    Nikolaos Tsagkas

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The case is about a young female who delivered twins by caesarean section (CS. On the 4th postoperative day, she presented with ascites which was resistant to empirical antibiotic and diuretic treatment. The woman was affected by Turner syndrome (TS; she had a medical background of chronic use of hormonal medication since puberty and conceived through ART- (assisted reproduction techniques- IVF-oocyte donation. It is important to exhibit high suspicion for clot formation in the hepatic vasculature during the puerperium, especially in the case of history of chronic hormone treatment. Ascites albumin gradient and Doppler values lead to the diagnosis of thrombosis and the administration of high doses of anticoagulants is considered to be fundamental.

  19. A case of successful management with splenectomy of intractable ascites due to congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type Ⅱ-induced cirrhosis

    Themistoklis Vassiliadis; Ioannis Tsitouridis; Antonios Antoniadis; Panagiotis Semertzidis; Anna Kioumi; Evangelos Premetis; Nikolaos Eugenidis; Vassilia Garipidou; Vassilios Perifanis; Konstantinos Tziomalos; Olga Giouleme; Kalliopi Patsiaoura; Michalis Avramidis; Nikolaos Nikolaidis; Sofia Vakalopoulou

    2006-01-01

    The congenital dyserythropoietic anemias comprise a group of rare hereditary disorders of erythropoiesis,characterized by ineffective erythropoiesis as the predominant mechanism of anemia and by characteristic morphological aberrations of the majority of erythroblasts in the bone marrow. Congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type Ⅱ is the most frequent type. All types of congenital dyserythropoietic anemias distinctly share a high incidence of iron loading. Iron accumulation occurs even in untransfused patients and can result in heart failure and liver cirrhosis. We have reported about a patient who presented with liver cirrhosis and intractable ascites caused by congenital dyserythropoietic anemia type Ⅱ. Her clinical course was further complicated by the development of autoimmune hemolytic anemia. Splenectomy was eventually performed which achieved complete resolution of ascites, increase of hemoglobin concentration and abrogation of transfusion requirements.

  20. Ascites in the Puerperium in the Context of a Woman with Turner Syndrome Who Conceived through Assisted Reproductive Technology.

    Tsagkas, Nikolaos; Valasoulis, George; Zikopoulos, Konstantinos; Zerzi, Calliope; Mitselos, Ioannis; Koutoulakis, Ioannis; Tzampouras, Nikolaos; Stefos, Theodor

    2015-01-01

    The case is about a young female who delivered twins by caesarean section (CS). On the 4th postoperative day, she presented with ascites which was resistant to empirical antibiotic and diuretic treatment. The woman was affected by Turner syndrome (TS); she had a medical background of chronic use of hormonal medication since puberty and conceived through ART- (assisted reproduction techniques-) IVF-oocyte donation. It is important to exhibit high suspicion for clot formation in the hepatic vasculature during the puerperium, especially in the case of history of chronic hormone treatment. Ascites albumin gradient and Doppler values lead to the diagnosis of thrombosis and the administration of high doses of anticoagulants is considered to be fundamental. PMID:26579320

  1. Tumor inhibitory activity of methanolic and ethyl acetate soluble extracts of Thuja occidentalis L. on mice bearing Ehrlich ascites carcinoma.

    Archana M Navale

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Thuja occidentalis (Cupressaceae is an ornamental plant of European origin. It has been used in folk medicine for the treatment of cancer. Mice bearing Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma (EAC mice were treated with methanolic extract (165 mg/kg, ethyl acetate soluble fraction (30 mg/kg and combination of both extracts of TO. Inhibition of tumor growth, increase in survival time of animal with treatment, and hematological parameters were determined. Both methanolic and ethyl acetate soluble fractions of TO exerted tumor growth inhibitory activity in mice bearing EAC. Combination treatment of two extracts showed more pronounced effect. In conclusion, Methanolic and ethyl acetate soluble extracts of TO exhibit anticancer activity against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in mice. Thus, it has anticancer potential and should be further evaluated in higher models.

  2. Ascites in the Puerperium in the Context of a Woman with Turner Syndrome Who Conceived through Assisted Reproductive Technology

    Tsagkas, Nikolaos; Valasoulis, George; Zikopoulos, Konstantinos; Zerzi, Calliope; Mitselos, Ioannis; Koutoulakis, Ioannis; Tzampouras, Nikolaos; Stefos, Theodor

    2015-01-01

    The case is about a young female who delivered twins by caesarean section (CS). On the 4th postoperative day, she presented with ascites which was resistant to empirical antibiotic and diuretic treatment. The woman was affected by Turner syndrome (TS); she had a medical background of chronic use of hormonal medication since puberty and conceived through ART- (assisted reproduction techniques-) IVF-oocyte donation. It is important to exhibit high suspicion for clot formation in the hepatic vasculature during the puerperium, especially in the case of history of chronic hormone treatment. Ascites albumin gradient and Doppler values lead to the diagnosis of thrombosis and the administration of high doses of anticoagulants is considered to be fundamental. PMID:26579320

  3. Immunomodulatory and anti-tumor effects of Nigella glandulifera freyn and sint seeds on ehrlich ascites carcinoma in mouse model

    Ainiwaer Aikemu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim : This study investigated the immunomodulatory and anti-tumor effects of Nigella glandulifera Freyn and Sint seeds (NGS on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in a mouse model. Materials and Methods : Kunming mice with transplanted Ehrlich ascites tumor cells (EAC were treated with NGS by oral administration. On the 11 th day after the EAC implant, mouse thymus, liver, spleen and kidney tumors were removed for histopathological analysis. Blood samples were taken for hematological and biochemical analyses. Results : The results indicate that NGS treatment leads to an increase in TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-2 blood serum levels. Absence of viable EAC and presence of necrotic cells were observed in the tumor tissue of the NGS-treated animals. Conclusions : The study results indicated that a water extract of NGS had the highest anti-tumor effect. Moreover, NGS treatment also showed an increase in the immune system activity.

  4. Evaluation of antitumour activity and antioxidant status in Dioscorea hispida, Dennst. leaves on Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma in Swiss Albino Mice

    Punith kumar. T. G; Panduranga Murthy. G; Suresh. A, Suresh. V; Senthil kumar N; Raviashankar. H. G

    2011-01-01

    Cancer’ is a malignant disease that is characterized by rapid and uncontrolled formation of abnormal cells which may mass together to form a growth or tumour, or proliferate throughout the body. Next to heart disease, cancer is a killer of mankind. The present study aims at a preliminary phytochemical analysis and anticancer evaluation of Dioscorea hispida, Dennst. against Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma in animal model. The results indicate that ethanolic extract of Dioscorea hispida leaves (DhLE)...

  5. Anticancer activity of Drosera indica L., on DaltonAND#8217;s Lymphoma Ascites (DLA) bearing mice

    Raju Asirvatham; Arockiasamy Josphin Maria Christina

    2013-01-01

    Aim: Drosera species are used as vital components in an Ayurvedic preparation called and #8216;Swarnabhasma and #8217; (Golden ash) are used for the treatment of different diseases like bronchial asthma, rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes mellitus, nervous disorders In the present study was carried out to evaluate the antitumor potentials against Dalton and #8217;s lymphoma ascites (DLA)-induced tumor. Material and Method: The ethanol and aqueous extract of Drosera indica L., was given oral...

  6. Protein markers of cancer-associated fibroblasts and tumor-initiating cells reveal subpopulations in freshly isolated ovarian cancer ascites

    Wintzell My

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In ovarian cancer, massive intraperitoneal dissemination is due to exfoliated tumor cells in ascites. Tumor-initiating cells (TICs or cancer stem cells and cells showing epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT are particularly implicated. Spontaneous spherical cell aggregates are sometimes observed, but although similar to those formed by TICs in vitro, their significance is unclear. Methods Cells freshly isolated from malignant ascites were separated into sphere samples (S-type samples, n=9 and monolayer-forming single-cell suspensions (M-type, n=18. Using western blot, these were then compared for expression of protein markers of EMT, TIC, and of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs. Results S-type cells differed significantly from M-type by expressing high levels of E-cadherin and no or little vimentin, integrin-β3 or stem cell transcription factor Oct-4A. By contrast, M-type samples were enriched for CD44, Oct-4A and for CAF markers. Independently of M- and S-type, there was a strong correlation between TIC markers Nanog and EpCAM. The CAF marker α-SMA correlated with clinical stage IV. This is the first report on CAF markers in malignant ascites and on SUMOylation of Oct-4A in ovarian cancer. Conclusions In addition to demonstrating potentially high levels of TICs in ascites, the results suggest that the S-type population is the less tumorigenic one. Nanoghigh/EpCAMhigh samples represent a TIC subset which may be either M- or S-type, and which is separate from the CD44high/Oct-4Ahigh subset observed only in M-type samples. This demonstrates a heterogeneity in TIC populations in vivo which has practical implications for TIC isolation based on cell sorting. The biological heterogeneity will need to be addressed in future therapeutical strategies.

  7. Trichosanthes dioica root extract induces tumor proliferation and attenuation of antioxidant system in albino mice bearing Ehrlich ascites carcinoma

    Bhattacharya, Sanjib; Haldar, Pallab Kanti

    2011-01-01

    Trichosanthes dioica Roxb. (Cucurbitaceae), called pointed gourd in English, is a dioecious climber grown widely in the Indian subcontinent. The present study assessed the influence of treatment of hydroalcoholic extract of Trichosanthes dioica root (TDA) on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) in Swiss albino mice with effects on antioxidant systems. Twenty-four hours after intraperitoneal inoculation of tumor (EAC) cells in mice, TDA was administered at 25 and 50 mg/kg for 8 consecutive days. On...

  8. Protein markers of cancer-associated fibroblasts and tumor-initiating cells reveal subpopulations in freshly isolated ovarian cancer ascites

    In ovarian cancer, massive intraperitoneal dissemination is due to exfoliated tumor cells in ascites. Tumor-initiating cells (TICs or cancer stem cells) and cells showing epithelial-mesenchymal-transition (EMT) are particularly implicated. Spontaneous spherical cell aggregates are sometimes observed, but although similar to those formed by TICs in vitro, their significance is unclear. Cells freshly isolated from malignant ascites were separated into sphere samples (S-type samples, n=9) and monolayer-forming single-cell suspensions (M-type, n=18). Using western blot, these were then compared for expression of protein markers of EMT, TIC, and of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs). S-type cells differed significantly from M-type by expressing high levels of E-cadherin and no or little vimentin, integrin-β3 or stem cell transcription factor Oct-4A. By contrast, M-type samples were enriched for CD44, Oct-4A and for CAF markers. Independently of M- and S-type, there was a strong correlation between TIC markers Nanog and EpCAM. The CAF marker α-SMA correlated with clinical stage IV. This is the first report on CAF markers in malignant ascites and on SUMOylation of Oct-4A in ovarian cancer. In addition to demonstrating potentially high levels of TICs in ascites, the results suggest that the S-type population is the less tumorigenic one. Nanoghigh/EpCAMhigh samples represent a TIC subset which may be either M- or S-type, and which is separate from the CD44high/Oct-4Ahigh subset observed only in M-type samples. This demonstrates a heterogeneity in TIC populations in vivo which has practical implications for TIC isolation based on cell sorting. The biological heterogeneity will need to be addressed in future therapeutical strategies

  9. Effect of age of feed restriction and microelement supplementation to control ascites on production and carcass characteristics of broilers.

    Camacho, M A; Suárez, M E; Herrera, J G; Cuca, J M; García-Bojalil, C M

    2004-04-01

    Three experiments were conducted, from January until September 2001, to estimate the optimized age to apply feed restriction to control mortality from ascites, with no negative effects on production and carcass characteristics of broilers. For each experiment, 1,200 1-d-old mixed Ross x Peterson chicks were reared in floor pens (50 chicks in each) and fed commercial feed. Feed restriction was applied for 8 h/d for 14 d at 21 or 28 d of age in experiment 1, 14 or 21 d in experiment 2, and 7 or 14 d in experiment 3. In experiments 2 and 3, a microelement supplement (without or with) was tested; the control groups received feed ad libitum and no supplement. Body weight gain, feed conversion, total mortality, and mortality from ascites, leg problems, and carcass characteristics were considered at the end of each experiment. The data were analyzed as a completely randomized design, or as a 2 x 2 factorial to estimate main and interaction effects (experiments 2 and 3). Additional analyses, including the control, were done; means comparisons were by orthogonal contrasts. The production and carcass characteristics of the restricted groups were lower than the control but were not statistically different in experiments 2 and 3, although the optimized age for feed restriction was at 7 d. Total mortality and mortality from ascites decreased by restriction, but leg problems increased without supplement. The results indicated that quantitative feed restriction and microelement supplementation at 7 d of age reduced mortality from ascites and leg problems and permitted compensatory growth sufficient to equal the production characteristics of the control group at 49 d of age. However, it is necessary to determine the specific microelements to be supplemented and to estimate the effects of season and genetic line. PMID:15109050

  10. Sequence analysis of bone morphogenetic protein receptor type II mRNA from ascitic and nonascitic commercial broilers.

    Cisar, C R; Balog, J M; Anthony, N B; Donoghue, A M

    2003-10-01

    Ascites syndrome, also known as pulmonary hypertension syndrome (PHS), is a common metabolic disorder in rapidly growing meat-type chickens. Environmental factors, such as cold, altitude, and diet, play significant roles in development of the disease, but there is also an important genetic component to PHS susceptibility. The human disease familial primary pulmonary hypertension (FPPH) is similar to PHS in broilers both genetically and physiologically. Several recent studies have shown that mutations in the bone morphogenetic protein receptor type II (BMPR2) gene are a cause of FPPH in humans. To determine whether mutations in the chicken BMPR2 gene play a similar role in PHS susceptibility, BMPR-II mRNA from ascitic and nonascitic commercial broilers were sequenced and compared with the published Leghorn chicken BMPR-II mRNA sequence. Fourteen single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) were identified in the commercial broiler BMPR-II mRNA. No mutations unique to ascites-susceptible broilers were present in the coding, 5' untranslated or 3' untranslated regions of BMPR-II mRNA. The twelve SNP present within the coding region of BMPR-II mRNA were synonymous substitutions and did not alter the BMPR-II protein sequence. In addition, analysis of BMPR2 gene expression by reverse transcriptase-PCR indicated that there were no differences in BMPR-II mRNA levels in ascitic and nonascitic birds. Therefore, it appears unlikely that mutations in the BMPR2 gene were responsible for susceptibility to PHS in these commercial broilers. PMID:14601724

  11. Enzyme-controlled scavenging of ascorbyl and 2,6-dimethoxy-semiquinone free radicals in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells.

    Pethig, R; Gascoyne, P R; McLaughlin, J. A.; Szent-Györgyi, A

    1985-01-01

    The rate of scavenging by Ehrlich ascites cells of anionic ascorbyl and 2,6-dimethoxy-p-semiquinone free radicals has been investigated by electron spin resonance spectroscopy both for viable cells and for subcellular fractions obtained by differential centrifugation. The scavenging activity is concluded to be associated with an NAD(P)H enzyme containing an active sulfhydryl group. Attempts to identify the enzyme with the reported properties of either semi-dehydro-ascorbate reductase or DT-di...

  12. Ascites in the Puerperium in the Context of a Woman with Turner Syndrome Who Conceived through Assisted Reproductive Technology

    Nikolaos Tsagkas; George Valasoulis; Konstantinos Zikopoulos; Calliope Zerzi; Ioannis Mitselos; Ioannis Koutoulakis; Nikolaos Tzampouras; Theodor Stefos

    2015-01-01

    The case is about a young female who delivered twins by caesarean section (CS). On the 4th postoperative day, she presented with ascites which was resistant to empirical antibiotic and diuretic treatment. The woman was affected by Turner syndrome (TS); she had a medical background of chronic use of hormonal medication since puberty and conceived through ART- (assisted reproduction techniques-) IVF-oocyte donation. It is important to exhibit high suspicion for clot formation in the hepatic vas...

  13. Cytotoxic and antiproliferative activity of Securidaca longepedunculata aqueous extract on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells in Swiss albino mice.

    R A Lawal; M D Ozaslan; O S Odesanmi; I D Karagoz; I H Kilic; O AT Ebuehi

    2012-01-01

    Summary: Securidaca longepedunculata is a savannah shrub found growing in tropical Africa. It is reputed to have more than a hundred medicinal uses and is a major component of anticancer decoctions in Nigeria. An attempt was made in this study to determine the in vitro and in vivo cytotoxic activity and possible pro-apoptotic effect of Securidaca longepedunculata aqueous root bark extract on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells. In vitro cytotoxic activity was determined using the Trypan blue assa...

  14. Segregation among test-cross progeny suggests that two complementary dominant genes explain the difference between ascites-resistant and ascites-susceptible broiler lines.

    Druyan, S; Cahaner, A

    2007-11-01

    Ascites syndrome (AS) is a major cause of economic losses to the broiler industry. The tendency of broilers to develop AS was found to be heritable, suggesting that selective breeding could provide a solution to this problem. To further elucidate the genetic control of AS, AS-susceptible (AS-S) and AS-resistant (AS-R) lines were established by 3 cycles of divergent selection on pedigree data of AS mortality under AS-inducing conditions. The rapid divergence between the lines suggested the involvement of a major gene with dominance for AS resistance. It was hypothesized that the difference between the lines is controlled by a single dominant gene, denoted A, with AA (and some Aa) individuals in the AS-R line, and aa individuals in the AS-S line. The current study was designed to test this hypothesis by test-crossing heterozygous (Aa) sires from the AS-R line and F(1) from the AS-R x AS-S cross, with recessive homozygous (aa) dams from the AS-S line. A ratio of 1:1 was expected between progeny with AS vs. healthy progeny when reared under AS-inducing conditions. Test-cross progeny of 5 sires from the AS-R line segregated 1:1, indicating that these sires were heterozygous (Aa) in the suggested major gene and thus supporting the hypothesis of a single major gene with dominance of AS resistance. There was segregation among test-cross progeny of 8 F(1) sires, but with a 3:1 ratio of AS progeny to healthy progeny. The 3:1 ratio is expected if the F(1) sires are heterozygous (AaBb) with complementary interaction between the dominant alleles in 2 unlinked major genes. The segregation among test-cross progeny of the 9 heterozygous AS-R sires could also be explained by the same model. These results suggested that 2 major genes are responsible for the difference between the AS-R and AS-S lines. Resource populations derived from these lines will facilitate an efficient genomic search for these 2 genes. Once the alleles of these genes are identified and genotyping tests are

  15. A study of preoperative diagnosis using abdominal computed tomography in acute appendicitis

    To evaluate the usefulness of computed tomography (CT) in differential diagnosis and decisions for operative indications in patients with acute appendicitis, CT was done in 45 patients diagnosed with acute appendicitis. CT was retrospectively analyzed for the following findings: enlarged appendix, hazy periappendiceal density, increased enhancement of the appendiceal wall, deficiency of the appendiceal wall, appendiceal stones, abscess, and ascites. Surgery was conducted 28 patients, of whom 25 were pathologically diagnosed with gangrenous or phlegmonous appendicitis. Seventeen improved without surgery, i.e., 9 with acute appendicitis, 7 with diverticulitis of the colon, and 1 with pelvic peritonitis. Except for 3 with severe abscess, enlarged appendix, hazy periappendiceal density, and increased enhancement of the appendiceal wall were observed in 22 with phlegmonous or gangrenous appendicitis. In 25 with phlegmonous or gangrenous appendicitis, appendiceal stones were observed in 32% and abscess or ascites in 60%. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy in CT diagnosis images were 100%, 80%, and 96%. CT findings thus provide useful information in differential diagnosis and decisions on operative indication in patients with acute appendicitis. (author)

  16. Spleen Stiffness Correlates with the Presence of Ascites but Not Esophageal Varices in Chronic Hepatitis C Patients

    Kazuyo Mori

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Although spleen stiffness has recently been identified as potential surrogate marker for portal hypertension, the relationship between spleen stiffness and portal hypertension has not been fully elucidated. We attempted to determine the relationship between the liver or spleen stiffness and the presence of ascites or esophageal varices by acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI imaging. A total of 33 chronic hepatitis C (CHC patients (median age 68; range 51–84 were enrolled. We evaluated the relationship between the liver or spleen stiffness and indicators of portal hypertension as well as clinical and biochemical parameters. Fourteen healthy volunteers were used for validating the accuracy of AFRI imaging. The liver and spleen stiffness increased significantly with progression of liver disease. A significant positive correlation was observed between the liver and spleen stiffness. However, spleen stiffness, but not liver stiffness, was significantly associated with the presence of ascites (, while there was no significant association between the spleen stiffness and spleen index/presence of esophageal varices in CHC patients. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve based on the spleen stiffness was 0.80. In conclusion, spleen stiffness significantly correlates with the presence of ascites but not esophageal varices in CHC patients.

  17. Long Term Results (>5 Years) in Patients With Peritoneovenous Shunting for Intractable Ascites: Liver Function and Cancer Mortality

    Meakins, Jonathan L.; Wu, Andrew; Smadja, Claude; Bonnet, Patrick; Gouffier, Etienne; Campillo, Bernard

    1989-01-01

    This report is based on twenty-eight (26%) of 107 patients included in a protocol for prospective evaluation of elective peritoneo-venous shunting for intractable ascites in cirrhosis. These patients had no other procedures and survived more than 5 years after the operation. All patients were free of ascites except one in whom it was mild. One patient refused follow-up. Shunt patency was assessed in 23 patients. In 14 patients (60.9%), the shunt was obstructed and the superior vena cava was occluded in 5 of them. In 9 patients (39.1%), the shunt was still functioning. No clinical or biological parameters differentiated these two groups of patients. Of the 24 patients who were alcoholics, 2 abstained completely and 20 significantly reduced their drinking habits. In 25 patients, the Pugh's score improved and was A at the time of the study. Seven patients (25.9%) developed a malignant tumor of the oro-pharynx or digestive tract, all other patients were alive and in good health. This study suggests that patients with intractable ascites treated by a peritoneo-venous shunt may survive for a long period. In patients abstaining from heavy drinking, it may function as a therapeutic bridge permitting spontaneous improvement of liver function. The risk of supervening neoplasms suggests that a continuous follow-up of these patients is warranted. PMID:2487384

  18. Effect of chloro- and bromo-derivatives of isocrotonic acid on bioenergetic processes in Ehrlich ascites cells and isolated mitochondria

    The effect of nine chloro- and bromoderivatives of isocrotonic acid on some bioenergetic processes in both Ehrlich ascites cells and isolated rat liver mitochondria has been investigated. Substances studied in the concentration range 25 to 200 μM significantly inhibited incorporation of both 14C-adenine and 14C-valine into acid-insoluble material of Ehrlich ascites cells. The rate of 14C-precursors incorporation being directly related to the concentration of the inhibitor. γ,γ-bis-4-ethylphenyl-α,β-dichloroisocrotonic acid fully inhibits both aerobic glucose utilization and lactic acid formation at 200 μM concentration. At lower concentrations, however, glycolysis is stimulated. Maximal stimulation of rat liver mitochondrial respiration in state 4 with succinate as substrate was reached at concentrations as low as 10 μM. On the other hand, these substances were able to release the oligomycin-inhibited respiration of rat liver mitochondria. Our data suggest that cytotoxic and cancerostatic action of isocrotonic acid derivatives lies primarily in the exclusion of key processes in the energy metabolism of Ehrlich ascites cells and isolated mitochondria. (author)

  19. The Interstitial Lymphatic Peritoneal Mesothelium Axis in Portal Hypertensive Ascites: When in Danger, Go Back to the Sea

    M. A. Aller

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Portal hypertension induces a splanchnic and systemic low-grade inflammatory response that could induce the expression of three phenotypes, named ischemia-reperfusion, leukocytic, and angiogenic phenotypes.During the splanchnic expression of these phenotypes, interstitial edema, increased lymph flow, and lymphangiogenesis are produced in the gastrointestinal tract. Associated liver disease increases intestinal bacterial translocation, splanchnic lymph flow, and induces ascites and hepatorenal syndrome. Extrahepatic cholestasis in the rat allows to study the worsening of the portal hypertensive syndrome when associated with chronic liver disease. The splanchnic interstitium, the mesenteric lymphatics, and the peritoneal mesothelium seem to create an inflammatory pathway that could have a key pathophysiological relevance in the production of the portal hypertension syndrome complications. The hypothetical comparison between the ascitic and the amniotic fluids allows for translational investigation. From a phylogenetic point of view, the ancestral mechanisms for amniotic fluid production were essential for animal survival out of the aquatic environment. However, their hypothetical appearance in the cirrhotic patient is considered pathological since ultimately they lead to ascites development. But, the adult human being would take advantage of the potential beneficial effects of this “amniotic-like fluid” to manage the interstitial fluids without adverse effects when chronic liver disease aggravates.

  20. Macrophages from Patients with Cirrhotic Ascites Showed Function Alteration of Host Defense Receptor

    Ahmed, Abdel Motaal M.; Kadaru, Abdel Gadir Y.; Omer, Ibtihal; Musa, Ahmed M.; Enan, Khalid; El Khidir, Isam M.; Williams, Roger

    2014-01-01

    Background Patients with cirrhotic ascites (PCA) are susceptible to spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) which has increased morbidity and mortality. Since some host defense aspects of peritoneal macrophages (PMф) from PCA are altered this study examined factors related to receptor-mediated phagocytosis. Methods Twelve PCA were studied. PMɸ were isolated from ascitic fluid (AF) samples removed from these patients. Uptake of mannose receptor (MR)-specific ligand, fluorescein isothiocyanate-mannosylated-bovine serum albumin (FITC-man-BSA), by patients' PMɸ and controls, a human monocytic cell line, was measured pre- and post-IL-4 treatment. Phagocytosis of FITC-labeled yeast particles by patients' PMɸ was measured pre- and post-IL-4 treatment. Fluorescence values were obtained using a spectrofuorometer. MRC1 gene was analyzed in blood samples from PCA and controls, healthy donors, using standard polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique. Results Past SBP episode(s) were reported in 58.3% of patients. Mean AF volume analyzed per patient was 1.3L. PMɸ ratio in cell yield was 53.73% (SD 18.1). Mean uptake absorbance of patients' PMф was 0.0841 (SD 0.077) compared to 0.338 (SD 0.34) of controls, P = 0.023. Following IL-4 treatment absorbance increased to 0.297 (SD 0.28) in patients' PMф (P = 0.018 on paired sample t-test), and to 0.532 (SD 0.398 in controls (P = 0.053 on independent sample t-test). Mean phagocytosis absorbance of patients' PMф was 0.1250 (SD 0.032) before IL-4 treatment compared to 0.2300 (SD 0.104) after (P = 0.026). PCR analysis for MRC1 gene was negative in all PCA samples compared to positive results in all controls. Conclusion Since decreased phagocytosis and MR uptake were enhanced post-IL-4 treatment MR downregulation pre-treatment is plausible. Negative PCR results for MRC1 might suggest an anomaly, but this awaits further ellucidation. These altered host defense findings are relevant to infection pathophysiology, and their

  1. Physiological parameters in broiler lines divergently selected for the incidence of ascites.

    Druyan, S; Shinder, D; Shlosberg, A; Cahaner, A; Yahav, S

    2009-09-01

    Ascites syndrome (AS) is manifested in flocks of contemporary broilers that are allowed to fully manifest their genetic potential for rapid growth. After successful selection, a pair of divergent lines was established, AS-susceptible (AS-S) and AS-resistant (AS-R). These lines facilitate comparisons between genetically resistant and susceptible healthy young broilers when reared under standard brooding conditions (SBC). The aim of the present study was to look for predictive indicators for AS susceptibility by comparing relevant physiological parameters in the AS-S and AS-R lines under SBC and after exposure to extreme ascites-inducing conditions (AIC). In this design, a trait differing significantly between the 2 lines under SBC is expected to be a reliable indicator for selection against AS susceptibility in breeding stocks when reared under noninducing conditions. Males from the AS-S and AS-R lines were reared together under SBC to 19 d of age, then under the AIC protocol. Cumulative incidence of AS mortality was 93.2% in the AS-S line and only 9% in the AS-R line, confirming the genetic divergence between the lines. Exposure to AIC enhanced the imbalance between oxygen demands and supply in the AS-S birds and induced differences in blood parameter level between the 2 lines. The AS-S birds exhibited elevated hematocrit and red blood cell counts and a decline in oxygen saturation in the arterial blood. No difference in hemoglobin concentration was found, but calculation of hemoglobin content per 1,000 red blood cells revealed a significant reduction in hemoglobin content in the AS-S birds. Under SBC, there were no significant differences between the lines for hematocrit, red blood cell count, hemoglobin concentration, hemoglobin count per 1,000 red cells, and blood oxygen saturation. However, heart rate during the first week of life was significantly higher in the AS-S birds than in the AS-R birds on d 1 and 7, suggesting that high heart rate may potentially

  2. PLGA-encapsulated tea polyphenols enhance the chemotherapeutic efficacy of cisplatin against human cancer cells and mice bearing Ehrlich ascites carcinoma

    Singh, Madhulika; Bhatnagar, Priyanka; Mishra, Sanjay; Kumar, Pradeep; Shukla, Yogeshwer; Gupta, Kailash Chand

    2015-01-01

    The clinical success of the applicability of tea polyphenols awaits efficient systemic delivery and bioavailability. Herein, following the concept of nanochemoprevention, which uses nanotechnology for enhancing the efficacy of chemotherapeutic drugs, we employed tea polyphenols, namely theaflavin (TF) and epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) encapsulated in a biodegradable nanoparticulate formulation based on poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) with approximately 26% and 18% encapsulation efficiency, respectively. It was observed that TF/EGCG encapsulated PLGA nanoparticles (NPs) offered an up to ~7-fold dose advantage when compared with bulk TF/EGCG in terms of exerting its antiproliferative effects and also enhanced the anticancer potential of cisplatin (CDDP) in A549 (lung carcinoma), HeLa (cervical carcinoma), and THP-1 (acute monocytic leukemia) cells. Cell cycle analysis revealed that TF/EGCG-NPs were more efficient than bulk TF/EGCG in sensitizing A549 cells to CDDP-induced apoptosis, with a dose advantage of up to 20-fold. Further, TF/EGCG-NPs, alone or in combination with CDDP, were more effective in inhibiting NF-κB activation and in suppressing the expression of cyclin D1, matrix metalloproteinase-9, and vascular endothelial growth factor, involved in cell proliferation, metastasis, and angiogenesis, respectively. EGCG and TF-NPs were also found to be more effective than bulk TF/EGCG in inducing the cleavage of caspase-3 and caspase-9 and Bax/Bcl2 ratio in favor of apoptosis. Further, in vivo evaluation of these NPs in combination with CDDP showed an increase in life span (P<0.05) in mice bearing Ehrlich’s ascites carcinoma cells, with apparent regression of tumor volume in comparison with mice treated with bulk doses with CDDP. These results indicate that EGCG and TF-NPs have superior cancer chemosensitization activity when compared with bulk TF/EGCG. PMID:26586942

  3. Inhibition of glutathione synthesis eliminates the adaptive response of ascitic hepatoma 22 cells to nedaplatin that targets thioredoxin reductase

    Wang, Yijun [School of Tea and Food Science, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, Anhui (China); Lu, Hongjuan [Productivity Center of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing 210042, Jiangsu (China); Wang, Dongxu; Li, Shengrong; Sun, Kang; Wan, Xiaochun [School of Tea and Food Science, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, Anhui (China); Taylor, Ethan Will [Department of Nanoscience, Joint School of Nanoscience and Nanoengineering, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC 27402 (United States); Zhang, Jinsong, E-mail: zjs@ahau.edu.cn [School of Tea and Food Science, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, Anhui (China)

    2012-12-15

    Thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) is a target for cancer therapy and the anticancer mechanism of cisplatin involves TrxR inhibition. We hypothesize that the anticancer drug nedaplatin (NDP), an analogue of cisplatin and a second-generation platinum complex, also targets TrxR. Furthermore, we investigate whether the therapeutic efficacy of NDP can be enhanced by simultaneous modulation of 1) TrxR, via NDP, and 2) glutathione (GSH), via the GSH synthesis inhibitor buthionine sulfoximine (BSO). Mice bearing ascitic hepatoma 22 (H22) cells were treated with NDP alone or NDP plus BSO. TrxR activity of H22 cells was inhibited by NDP in a dose-dependent manner. A high correlation between the inhibition of TrxR activity at 6 h and the inhibition of ascitic fluid volume at 72 h was established (r = 0.978, p < 0.01). As an adaptive response, the viable ascitic cancer cells after NDP treatment displayed an enlarged cell phenotype, assembled with several-fold more antioxidant enzymes and GSH-predominant non-protein free thiols. This adaptive response was largely eliminated when BSO was co-administered with NDP, leading to the decimation of the H22 cell population without enhancing renal toxicity, since at this dose, NDP did not inhibit renal TrxR activity. In conclusion, the pharmacological effect of NDP involves TrxR inhibition, and the adaptive response of NDP-treated ascitic H22 cells can be efficiently counteracted by BSO. Simultaneous modulation of TrxR and GSH on ascitic H22 cells using NDP plus BSO greatly enhances therapeutic efficacy as compared with the single modulation of TrxR using NDP alone. -- Highlights: ► Nedaplatin at a pharmacological dose inhibits TrxR in cancer cells but not in kidney. ► The nedaplatin-treated cancer cells exhibit adaptive response. ► Buthionine sulfoximine inhibits glutathione in both cancer cells and kidney. ► Buthionine sulfoximine counteracts the adaptive response to the nedaplatin treatment. ► Buthionine sulfoximine does not

  4. Validation of Tikhonov adaptively regularized gamma variate fitting with 24-h plasma clearance in cirrhotic patients with ascites

    Wesolowski, Carl Adam [Memorial University of Newfoundland, Radiology, St. John' s, NL (Canada); General Hospital, Nuclear Medicine, St. John' s, Newfoundland (Canada); Ling, Lin [Memorial University of Newfoundland, Radiology, St. John' s, NL (Canada); Xirouchakis, Elias; Giamalis, Ioannis G.; Burroughs, Andrew K. [Royal Free Hospital, The Royal Free Sheila Sherlock Liver Centre, London (United Kingdom); Burniston, Maria T. [Royal Free Hampstead NHS Trust, Department of Medical Physics, London (United Kingdom); Puetter, Richard C. [University of California, San Diego, Center for Astrophysics and Space Sciences, La Jolla, CA (United States); Babyn, Paul S. [University of Saskatchewan, Radiology, Saskatoon, SK (Canada)

    2011-12-15

    The aim was to compare late-time extrapolation of plasma clearance (CL) from Tikhonov adaptively regularized gamma variate fitting (Tk-GV) and from mono-exponential (E1) fitting. Ten {sup 51}Cr-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid bolus IV studies in adults - 8 with ascites - assessed for liver transplantation, with 12-16 plasma samples drawn from 5-min to 24-h, were fit with Tk-GV and E1 models and CL results were compared using Passing-Bablok fitting. The 24-h CL(Tk-GV) values ranged from 11.4 to 79.7 ml/min. Linear regression of 4- versus 24-h CL(Tk-GV) yielded no significant departure from a slope of 1, whereas the 4- versus 24-h CL(E1) slope, 1.56, was significantly increased. For CL(Tk-GV-24-h) versus CL(E1-24-h), there was a biased slope and intercept (0.85, 5.97 ml/min). Moreover, the quality of fitting of 24-h data was significantly better for Tk-GV than for E1, as follows. For 10 logarithm of concentration curves, higher r values were obtained for each Tk-GV fit (median 0.998) than for its corresponding E1 fit (median 0.965), with p < 0.0001 (paired t-test of z-statistics from Fisher r-z transformations). The E1 fit quality degraded with increasing V/W [volume of distribution (l) per kg body weight, p=0.003]. However, Tk-GV fit quality versus V/W was uncorrelated (p=0.8). CL(E1) values were dependent on sample time and the quality of fit was poor and degraded with increasing ascites, consistent with current opinion that CL(E1) is contraindicated in ascitic patients. CL(Tk-GV) was relatively more accurate and the good quality of fit was unaffected by ascites. CL(Tk-GV) was the preferred method for the accurate calculation of CL and was useful despite liver failure and ascites. (orig.)

  5. Magnetic resonance elastography in the detection of hepatorenal syndrome in patients with cirrhosis and ascites

    Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is the most lethal cause of renal impairment in cirrhosis. Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) is a diagnostic test that characterises tissues based on their biomechanical properties. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of MRE for detecting HRS in cirrhotic patients. A prospective diagnostic investigation was performed. Renal MRE was performed on 21 hospitalised patients with cirrhosis and ascites. Six patients had HRS, one patient had non-HRS renal impairment, and 14 patients had normal renal function. The MRE-measured renal stiffness was compared against the clinical diagnosis as determined by clinical review alongside laboratory and radiologic results. The MRE-measured renal stiffness was significantly lower in patients with HRS (median stiffness of 3.30 kPa at 90 Hz and 2.62 kPa at 60 Hz) compared with patients with normal renal function (median stiffness of 5.08 kPa at 90 Hz and 3.41 kPa at 60 Hz) (P ≤ 0.014). For the detection of HRS, MRE had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.94 at 90 Hz and 0.89 at 60 Hz. MRE had excellent inter-rater agreement, as assessed by Bland-Altman and intraclass correlation coefficient (> 0.9). MRE shows potential in the detection of HRS. (orig.)

  6. Antitumorigenic Potential of Diallyl Sulfide in Ehrlich Ascites Tumor Bearing Mice

    2002-01-01

    To study the effects of diallyl sulfide (DAS), an organosulfur compound present in garlic (Allium sativum),on the life span ofehrlich ascites (EA) tumor bearing Swiss albino mice, cytotoxicity and angiogenesis. Methods EA tumor cells were maintained by serial transplantation in peritoneal cavity of male Swiss albino mice. EA tumor cells were inoculated at concentrations of 1 × 106EA cells, 2.5 × l06EAcells and 5 × 106 EA cells. DAS was given in 0.2 mi normal saline i. p., daily for seven days followed one hour later by inoculation with EA cells in respective groups. Results The results revealed that administration of DAS increased the life span of EA tumor bearing animals by more than 25 percent. A significant dose dependant cytotoxic response of DAS was also observed on EA tumor cells. DAS was also found to inhibit the angiogenesis in EA tumor bearing mice in a dose dependent manner. Conclusion It is suggested that DAS may exert its anticarcinogenic effects by more than one mechanism and is a useful chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic agent.

  7. Turnover of phosphocholine and phosphoethanolamine in ether-phospholipids of Krebs II ascite cells

    Krebs II ascite cells suspended in Eagle medium were incubated at 37 C for up to 6 hr in the presence of [3H] glycerol or [32P] orthophosphate. After extraction, their lipids were treated with guinea pig phospholipase A1 under conditions where all diacyl-phospholipids (diacyl-PL) became hydrolyzed with 55% recovery of lyso-PL. Using a bidimensional thin layer chromatography (TLC) involving exposure to HCl fumes between the two runs, it then became possible to determine at once the specific radioactivity of the three subclasses present in choline glycerophospholipids (CGP) and ethanolamineglycerophospholipids (EGP). Compared to diacyl-PL, a lower de novo synthesis of ether subclasses was evidenced in both CGP and EGP by [3H] glycerol incorporation. Although the same profile was obtained for CGP with [32P] orthophosphate, the three EGP subclasses displayed in this case the same specific radioactivity. These data indicate a higher turnover rate of the polar head group of ether-EGP compared to either-CGP. The simple methodology used in the present study might thus prove helpful in developing enzymatic studies dealing with the mechanism of this accelerated renewal

  8. Fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma in ascitic fluid: A case report with cytohistological correlation.

    Bernieh, Anas; Adams, Kristen; Susan Liu, Xuehui; Flowers, Rhyne; Shenoy, Veena; Baliga, Mithra; Akhtar, Israh

    2016-09-01

    The fibrolamellar variant of hepatocellular carcinoma (FL-HCC) is distinguished from other hepatocellular carcinoma's (HCC) by its unique clinical and pathological features. Cytological features of this tumor on fine needle aspiration have been described earlier. We report a rare case of a 17-year-old African American male with metastatic FL-HCC, diagnosed by body fluid cytology. The patient presented with ascites and computed tomography (CT) scan revealed multiple omental masses and liver lesions. The fluid sample was obtained along with the omental biopsy and was found positive for metastatic fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma. The fluid cytology showed atypical polygonal cells with enlarged nuclei, prominent nucleoli, and abundant granular cytoplasm. Cytomorphologic features of FL-HCC presenting in body fluids have been rarely described before. This case enriches the cytopathology literature by providing awareness of this tumor presenting as metastasis in body fluids, especially in young individuals with liver lesions. Presence of a concurrent biopsy specimen provided cytohistological correlation, as it remains the gold standard for the accuracy and reliability of cytological diagnoses. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2016;44:757-760. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:27218242

  9. Effect of paclitaxel, epirubicin and tamoxifen on labelling index in cultured ehrlich ascites tumor cells

    The effect of Paclitaxel (PAC), Epirubicin (EPR) and Tamoxifen (TAM) on ''3H-thymidine labelling index (''3H-TdR LI) of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells (EAT) was investigated in cultured. In the present study, an estrogen receptor positive ER(+) hyper diploid cell lines were studied. We used optimum doses of PAC, EPR and TAM (12 mg/ml, 12 mg/ml and 2 mg/ml, respectively). Cells were treated with these doses for 0, 4, 8, 16 and 32 hours. At the end of these periods, both control and treated cells were labelled for 5 mCi/ml 3H-thymidine for 30 minutes. The results showed that inhibition of DNA synthesis in cultured EAT cells were increased in the combined treatment of two drugs when compared to the treatment of a single drug (p<0.01). In the treatment of three drugs, however, this effect reached a maximum (p<0.001). As a result, PAC+EPR+TAM treatment's had a maximum synergistic effect at 4 hours treatment

  10. EFFECT OF Crotalus durissus terrificus (LAURENTI, 1768 VENOM ON THE EVOLUTION OF EHRLICH ASCITES TUMOR

    R. J. DA SILVA

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available The effect of Crotalus durissus terrificus (LAURENTI, 1768 venom on the evolution of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells was evaluated. Thus, 30-day-old male mice of the Swiss strain were inoculated intraperitoneally with 1x10 tumor cells. Then, 7 groups of animals were formed: 3 control groups (physiological, venom and tumor and 4 experimental groups that received different doses of venom. The experimental groups received 5 intraperitoneal venom injections on the 1 , 4 , 7 , 10 and 13 days after tumor implantation. On the 14 day, 5 animals from each one of the groups were sacrificed, and the variables such as the total and differential counts of cells in the peritoneal cavity and functional state of peritoneal macrophages by macrophage spreading were evaluated. The other 5 remaining animals were kept in the laboratory for 60 days for observation of their survival percentage. The results obtained were statistically analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis test at 5% significance level. It was observed that Crotalus durissus terrificus venom increases survival time of mice, but does not increase mortality percentage. This venom also increases the percentage of macrophage spreading. We suggest that snake venoms can cause inhibition of tumor growth by activating the inflammatory reaction, mainly the macrophages, stimulating the production of TNF- , IL-1, IL-6 and IL-8. These cytokines may act on tumor cells by different mechanisms, inducing its complete elimination.

  11. Properties of a purified nucleolar ribonuclease from Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells.

    Eichler, D C; Tatar, T F

    1980-06-24

    A nucleolar ribonuclease specific for single-stranded ribonucleic acid (RNA) has been isolated and extensively purified from Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells. The enzyme is optimally active at neutral pH and degrades RNA via a 2',3'-cyclic intermediate leaving 3'- or 2',3'-cyclic terminated oligonucleotides. The ribonuclease has an apparent molecular weight of 38 500 as judged by sedimentation equilibrium and is a basic protein having an isoelectric point greater than 9.0. The enzyme preferentially cleaves poly(C) over poly (U), poly(A), or poly(C).poly(I). Limit digestion products of poly(C) degratation are on the average tri-, tetra-, and pentanucleotides. In the partial digestion of yeast 5.8S rRNA, the nucleolar ribonuclease cleaves only CpA phosphodiester bonds. Spermidine, spermine, and histone I inhibit the activity of nucleolar ribonuclease. Antibodies directed toward pancreatic RNase do not cross-react with the Ehrlich nucleolar ribonuclease. PMID:7397114

  12. Alterations in Arterial Blood Parameters in Patients with Liver Cirrhosis and Ascites

    Konstantinos Charalabopoulos, Dimitrios Peschos, Leonidas Zoganas, George Bablekos, Christos Golias, Alexander Charalabopoulos, Dimitrios Stagikas, Angi Karakosta, Athanasios Papathanasopoulos, George Karachalios, Anna Batistatou

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In cirrhotic patients, in addition to hepatocytes and Kuppfer cells dysfunction circulatory anatomic shunt and ventilation/perfusion (VA/ Q ratio abnormalities can induce decrease in partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood (PaO2, in oxygen saturation of hemoglobin (SaO2 as well as various acid-base disturbances. We studied 49 cases of liver cirrhosis (LC with ascites compared to 50 normal controls. Causes were: posthepatic 37 (75.51%, alcoholic 7 (14.24%, cardiac 2 (4.08%, and cryptogenic 3 (6.12%. Complications were: upper gastrointestinal bleeding 24 (48.97, hepatic encephalopathy 20 (40.81%, gastritis 28 (57.14%, hepatoma 5 (10.2%, renal hepatic syndrome 2 (4.01%, HbsAg (+ 24 (48.97%, and hepatic pleural effusions 7 (14.28%. Average PaO2 and SaO2 were 75.2 mmHg and 94.5 mmHg, respectively, compared to 94.2 mmHg and 97.1 mmHg of the control group, respectively (p value in both PaO2 and SaO2 was pA/Q inequality can induce a decrease in PaO2 and SaO2 as well as various acid-base disturbances. As a result, pulmonary resistance is impaired and patients more likely succumb to infections and adult respiratory distress syndrome.

  13. Magnetic resonance elastography in the detection of hepatorenal syndrome in patients with cirrhosis and ascites

    Low, Gavin [Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust Hospital, Department of Radiology, Addenbrooke' s Hospital, England (United Kingdom); University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta (Canada); University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Department of Radiology, Cambridge (United Kingdom); Owen, Nicola E.; Alexander, Graeme J.M. [Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust Hospital, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Addenbrooke' s Hospital, England (United Kingdom); Joubert, Ilse; Patterson, Andrew J.; Graves, Martin J. [Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust Hospital, Department of Radiology, Addenbrooke' s Hospital, England (United Kingdom); Lomas, David J. [Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust Hospital, Department of Radiology, Addenbrooke' s Hospital, England (United Kingdom); University of Cambridge School of Clinical Medicine, Department of Radiology, Cambridge (United Kingdom)

    2015-10-15

    Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is the most lethal cause of renal impairment in cirrhosis. Magnetic resonance elastography (MRE) is a diagnostic test that characterises tissues based on their biomechanical properties. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of MRE for detecting HRS in cirrhotic patients. A prospective diagnostic investigation was performed. Renal MRE was performed on 21 hospitalised patients with cirrhosis and ascites. Six patients had HRS, one patient had non-HRS renal impairment, and 14 patients had normal renal function. The MRE-measured renal stiffness was compared against the clinical diagnosis as determined by clinical review alongside laboratory and radiologic results. The MRE-measured renal stiffness was significantly lower in patients with HRS (median stiffness of 3.30 kPa at 90 Hz and 2.62 kPa at 60 Hz) compared with patients with normal renal function (median stiffness of 5.08 kPa at 90 Hz and 3.41 kPa at 60 Hz) (P ≤ 0.014). For the detection of HRS, MRE had an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.94 at 90 Hz and 0.89 at 60 Hz. MRE had excellent inter-rater agreement, as assessed by Bland-Altman and intraclass correlation coefficient (> 0.9). MRE shows potential in the detection of HRS. (orig.)

  14. An investigation of the shedding of macromolecules from the Ehrlich mouse ascites tumor cell

    The spontaneous release, or shedding, of cell surface components into the extracellular medium may be important in the determination of several features of the cancer cell phenotype. The release of macromolecules from the Erhlich mouse ascites tumor cell was studied under a variety of experimental conditions to elucidate the origin and the underlying mechanisms of release. The extrinsic macromolecules are a diverse group with apparent molecular weights ranging from 13,500 to 400,000 daltons. External labeling of the cell surface with tritiated 4,4'-diisothiocyano-1,2-diphenylethane-2,2-disulfonic acid ([3H]H2DIDS) reveals a slow loss of labeled components at 4 degrees C, while at 21 degrees C and 37 degrees C an initial rapid loss is followed by a slower release. In vitro metabolic labeling with [1-14C]-D-glucosamine hydrochloride, D-[2-3H]-mannose and various [3H]-L-amino acids results in the appearance of labeled macromolecules in the medium suggesting tumor, not mouse, origin. These data suggest that the extrinsic macromolecules originate from the cell surface. Macromolecules are shed by a temperature and pH sensitive process. These results suggest that a limited proteolytic digestion, or sublethal autolysis, of the cell surface may occur in this system. The macromolecules shed by the Ehrlich cell originate from the surface and are probably released by sublethal autolysis, direct secretion and a passive process

  15. Cellular uptake of {sup 212}BiOCl by Ehrlich ascites cells: A dosimetric analysis

    Roeske, J.C.; Whitlock, J.L.; Harper, P.V.; Rotmensch, J. [Univ. of Chicago, IL (United States); Stinchcomb, T.G. [DePaul Univ., Chicago, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics; Schwartz, J.L. [Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA (United States). Dept. of Radiation Oncology; Hines, J.J. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Chemistry Div.

    1999-01-01

    Bi-212 is an alpha-emitting radionuclide being investigated as a therapeutic agent in the intraperitoneal treatment of micrometastatic ovarian carcinoma. In evaluating a new therapeutic modality, cell-survival studies are often used as a means of quantifying the biological effects of radiation. In this analysis, Ehrlich ascites cells were irradiated under conditions similar to therapy in various concentrations of Bi-212. Immediately following irradiation, a cell survival assay was performed in which cells were plated and colonies were counted after 10--14 days. Both a macrodosimetric and a microdosimetric approach were used in analyzing these data. These models used as input the fraction of activity within the cell and in solution, the distribution of cell sizes, and the variation of LET along individual alpha-particle tracks. The results indicate that the energy deposited within the nucleus varies significantly among individual cells. There is a small fraction of cell nuclei which receive no hits, while the remaining cells receive energy depositions which can differ significantly from the mean value. These dosimetric parameters are correlated with measured cell survival and will be a useful predictor of outcome for therapeutic doses.

  16. Heritability of sudden death syndrome and its associated correlations to ascites and body weight in broilers.

    Moghadam, H K; McMillan, I; Chambers, J R; Julian, R J; Tranchant, C C

    2005-02-01

    (1) Genetic parameters for the sudden death syndrome (SDS) were estimated in meat-type chickens. Data were collected over 11 generations of selection for body weight within two distinct breeds (Cornish and White Rock). (2) The animal model was used exclusively with linear methods (LM) to estimate genetic parameters. Heritability (h2) of SDS on the liability scale was 0.30 +/- 0.002 and 0.25 +/- 0.002 in the Cornish and White Rock breeds, respectively. (3) A positive genetic correlation (r(g)) with ascites (AS) was determined (approximately 0.3 +/- 0.006). However, it was not possible to estimate the rg of SDS with body weight because of the low prevalence of the defect trait studied (1.8% in the Cornish and 1-5% in the White Rock). (4) Heritability of SDS calculated using male records only was 0.45 +/- 0.009 and 0.35 +/- 0.009, and r(g) with body weight was 0.30 +/- 0.010 and 0.27 +/- 0.009, in the Cornish and White Rock breeds, respectively. (5) In conclusion, the heart defect investigated was heritable with a positive genetic correlation with AS and body weight. PMID:15835252

  17. Effect of S-1 combined with cisplatin intraperitoneal circulatory hyperthermia perfusion treatment on malignant molecule expression in gastric cancer patients with ascites as well as side effect assessment

    Shuo Jian

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To study the effect of S-1 combined with cisplatin intraperitoneal circulatory hyperthermia perfusion on malignant molecule expression in gastric cancer patients with ascites as well as the related side effect.Methods: Gastric cancer patients with ascites who were treated in our hospital from February 2012 to July 2015 were selected as research subjects and randomly divided into perfusion chemotherapy group and routine chemotherapy group, and then overall chemotherapy conditions, ascites FGF molecule content, peripheral blood immune function indexes and the degree of side effect were compared between two groups. Results:Average treatment cycles of perfusion chemotherapy group were more than those of routine chemotherapy group, and ascites drainage volume within two cycles of chemotherapy was significantly less than that of routine chemotherapy group; after two cycles of chemotherapy, bFGF, FGF-2, FGF19 and FGFR4 content in ascites of perfusion chemotherapy group were significantly lower than those of routine chemotherapy group, CD3+CD4+, CD3+CD56+ and CD3-CD56+ cell content in peripheral blood were higher than those of routine chemotherapy group, and CD3+CD8+ cell content was lower than that of routine chemotherapy group; during chemotherapy, the number of cases with decreased numeration of leukocyte, abnormal liver function, abnormal kidney function and diarrhea of perfusion chemotherapy group were significantly lower than those of routine chemotherapy group.Conclusions: S-1 combined with cisplatin intraperitoneal circulatory hyperthermia perfusion chemotherapy can more effectively improve treatment compliance, suppress ascites, kill gastric cancer cells and improve immune function. It has fewer side effect and is the ideal way to treat gastric cancer with ascites.

  18. Genetic correlation between heart ratio and body weight as a function of ascites frequency in broilers split up into sex and health status.

    Closter, A M; van As, P; Elferink, M G; Crooijmanns, R P M A; Groenen, M A M; Vereijken, A L J; Van Arendonk, J A M; Bovenhuis, H

    2012-03-01

    Ascites or pulmonary hypertension syndrome is a metabolic disorder in broilers. Male broilers have a higher BW and are therefore expected to be more prone to developing ascites than females. As genetic parameters might be affected by the ascites incidence, genetic parameters might differ between male and female broilers. The aims of this study were to estimate the heritability for the ratio of right ventricular weight to total ventricular weight (RATIO) and BW in male and female broilers, the genetic correlation between RATIO and BW separately for male and female broilers, and the genetic correlations between BW for ascitic and nonascitic broilers. Data were available from 7,856 broilers (3,819 males and 4,037 females). The broilers in the experiment were kept under a cold temperature regimen and increased CO(2) levels. In this study, we showed that the incidence of ascites is higher in male than in female broilers. Heritability estimates for BW at 7 wk of age were higher for male (0.22) than for female (0.17) broilers, and for RATIO heritability, estimates were higher for female (0.44) than for male (0.32) broilers. The genetic correlations between RATIO and BW measured at different ages changed from slightly positive at 2 wk of age to moderately negative at 7 wk. The change in genetic correlation was more extreme for male (from 0.01 to -0.62) than for female (from 0.13 to -0.24) broilers. The difference in ascites incidence between male and female broilers is the most likely reason for the difference in genetic correlations. The genetic correlation between BW traits measured in broilers with fluid in the abdomen and without fluid in the abdomen decreased from 0.91 at 2 wk to 0.69 at 7 wk. We conclude that under circumstances with ascites, data from male and female broilers should be analyzed separately. PMID:22334730

  19. Acute respiratory failure following ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome

    Antonello Nicolini

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is a serious and potentially life-threatening physiological complication that may be encountered in patients who undergo controlled ovarian hyperstimulation cycles. The syndrome is typically associated with regimes of exogenous gonadotropins, but it can be seen, albeit rarely, when clomiphene is administered during the induction phase. Although this syndrome is widely described in scientific literature and is well known by obstetricians, the knowledge of this pathological and potentially life-threatening condition is generally less than satisfactory among physicians. The dramatic increase in therapeutic strategies to treat infertility has pushed this condition into the realm of acute care therapy. The potential complications of this syndrome, including pulmonary involvement, should be considered and identified so as to allow a more appropriate diagnosis and management. We describe a case of a woman with an extremely severe (Stage 6 ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome who presented ascites, bilateral pleural effusion and severe respiratory failure treated with non-invasive ventilation. The patient was admitted to the intensive care unit because of severe respiratory failure, ascites, and bilateral pleural effusion due to ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. Treatment included non-invasive ventilation and three thoracentesis procedures, plus the administration of albumin, colloid solutions and high-dose furosemid. Severe form of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is observed in 0.5-5% of the women treated, and intensive care may be required for management of thromboembolic complications, renal failure and severe respiratory failure. Pulmonary intensive care may involve thoracentesis, oxygen supplementation and, in more severe cases, assisted ventilation. To our knowledge, there have been only two studies in English language medical literature that describe severe respiratory failure treated with non

  20. Acute pancreatitis

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000287.htm Acute pancreatitis To use the sharing features on this page, ... fatty foods after the attack has improved. Outlook (Prognosis) Most cases go away in a week. However, ...

  1. Acute Pericarditis

    ... Sugar Control Helps Fight Diabetic Eye Disease Are 'Workaholics' Prone to OCD, Anxiety? ALL NEWS > Resources First ... cancer, or heart surgery, the fluid is blood. Causes Acute pericarditis usually results from infection or other ...

  2. Acute dyspnea

    Radiodiagnosis is applied to determine the causes of acute dyspnea. Acute dyspnea is shown to aggravate the course of pulmonary diseases (bronchial asthma, obstructive bronchitis, pulmonary edema, throboembolism of pulmonary arteries etc) and cardiovascular diseases (desiseas of myocardium). The main tasks of radiodiagnosis are to determine volume and state of the lungs, localization and type of pulmonary injuries, to verify heart disease and to reveal concomitant complications

  3. Bronchitis (acute)

    Wark, Peter

    2008-01-01

    Acute bronchitis, with transient inflammation of the trachea and major bronchi, affects over 40/1000 adults a year in the UK. The causes are usually considered to be infective, but only around half of people have identifiable pathogens.The role of smoking or environmental tobacco smoke inhalation in predisposing to acute bronchitis is unclear.A third of people may have longer-term symptoms or recurrence.

  4. Action of the antitumor and antispermatogenic agent lonidamine on electron transport in Ehrlich ascites tumor mitochondria.

    Floridi, A; Lehninger, A L

    1983-10-01

    The effect of lonidamine, an antispermatogenic and antitumor drug, on the oxygen consumption, ATPase activity, and redox state of the electron carriers of Ehrlich ascites tumor mitochondria has been studied. Lonidamine inhibits ADP- and uncoupler-stimulated respiration on various NAD- and FAD-linked substrates, but does not affect state 4 respiration. Experiments to determine its site of action showed that lonidamine does not significantly inhibit electron flow through cytochrome oxidase. Electron flow through site 2, the ubiquinone-cytochrome b-cytochrome c1 complex, also was unaffected by lonidamine, which failed to inhibit the oxidation of duroquinol. Moreover, inhibition of electron flow through site 2 was also excluded because of the inability of the N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine bypass to relieve the lonidamine inhibition of the oxidation of pyruvate + malate. The F0F1ATPase activity and vectorial H+ ejection are also unaffected by lonidamine. The inhibition of succinate oxidation by lonidamine was found to take place at a point between succinate and iron-sulfur center S3. Spectroscopic experiments demonstrated that lonidamine inhibits the reduction of mitochondrial NAD+ by pyruvate + malate and other NAD-linked substrates in the transition from state 1 to state 4. However, lonidamine does not inhibit reduction of added NAD+ by submitochondrial vesicles or by soluble purified NAD-linked dehydrogenases. These observations, together with other evidence, suggest that electron transport in tumor mitochondria is inhibited by lonidamine at the dehydrogenase-coenzyme level, particularly when the electron carriers are in a relatively oxidized state and/or when the inner membrane-matrix compartment is in the condensed state. The action of lonidamine in several respects resembles the selective inhibition of electron transport in tumor cells produced by cytotoxic macrophages (D. L. Granger and A. L. Lehninger (1982) J. Cell Biol. 95, 527). PMID:6227286

  5. Binding studies of the antitumoral radiopharmaceutical 125I-Crotoxin to Ehrlich ascites tumor cells

    Silveira, Marina B.; Santos, Raquel G. dos [Centro de Desenvolvimento da Tecnologia Nuclear (CDTN/CNEN-MG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil); Dias, Consuelo L. Fortes [Fundacao Ezequiel Dias (FUNED), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil)], e-mail: consuelo@pq.cnpq.br; Cassali, Geovanni D. [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG (Brazil). Lab. de Patologia Comparada], e-mail: cassalig@icb.ufmg.br

    2009-07-01

    The development of tools for functional diagnostic imaging is mainly based on radiopharmaceuticals that specifically target membrane receptors. Crotoxin (Crtx), a polypeptide isolated from Crotalus durissus terrificus venom, has been shown to have an antitumoral activity and is a promising bioactive tracer for tumor detection. More specific radiopharmaceuticals are being studied to complement the techniques applied in the conventional medicine against breast cancer, the most frequent cause of death from malignant disease in women. Crtx's effect has been shown to be related with the overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), present in high levels in 30 to 60% of breast tumor cells. Our objective was to evaluate Crtx as a tracer for cancer diagnosis, investigating its properties as an EGFR-targeting agent. Ehrlich ascites tumor cells (EAT cells) were used due to its origin and similar characteristics to breast tumor cells, specially the presence of EGFR. Crtx was labeled with 125I and binding experiments were performed. To evaluate the specific binding in vitro of Crtx, competition binding assay was carried out in the presence of increasing concentrations of non-labelled crotoxin and epidermal growth factor (EGF). Specific binding of 125I-Crtx to EAT cells was determined and the binding was considered saturable, with approximately 70% of specificity, high affinity (Kd = 19.7 nM) and IC50 = 1.6 x 10-11 M. Our results indicate that Crtx's interaction with EAT cells is partially related with EGFR and increases the biotechnological potential of Crtx as a template for radiopharmaceutical design for cancer diagnosis. (author)

  6. Binding studies of the antitumoral radiopharmaceutical 125I-Crotoxin to Ehrlich ascites tumor cells

    The development of tools for functional diagnostic imaging is mainly based on radiopharmaceuticals that specifically target membrane receptors. Crotoxin (Crtx), a polypeptide isolated from Crotalus durissus terrificus venom, has been shown to have an antitumoral activity and is a promising bioactive tracer for tumor detection. More specific radiopharmaceuticals are being studied to complement the techniques applied in the conventional medicine against breast cancer, the most frequent cause of death from malignant disease in women. Crtx's effect has been shown to be related with the overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), present in high levels in 30 to 60% of breast tumor cells. Our objective was to evaluate Crtx as a tracer for cancer diagnosis, investigating its properties as an EGFR-targeting agent. Ehrlich ascites tumor cells (EAT cells) were used due to its origin and similar characteristics to breast tumor cells, specially the presence of EGFR. Crtx was labeled with 125I and binding experiments were performed. To evaluate the specific binding in vitro of Crtx, competition binding assay was carried out in the presence of increasing concentrations of non-labelled crotoxin and epidermal growth factor (EGF). Specific binding of 125I-Crtx to EAT cells was determined and the binding was considered saturable, with approximately 70% of specificity, high affinity (Kd = 19.7 nM) and IC50 = 1.6 x 10-11 M. Our results indicate that Crtx's interaction with EAT cells is partially related with EGFR and increases the biotechnological potential of Crtx as a template for radiopharmaceutical design for cancer diagnosis. (author)

  7. Transcriptome Analysis and Gene Identification in the Pulmonary Artery of Broilers with Ascites Syndrome

    Xiao, Qingyang; Guo, Xiaoquan; Zhuang, Yu; Zhang, Caiying; Wang, Tiancheng; Lin, Huayuan; Song, Yalu; Hu, Guoliang; Liu, Ping

    2016-01-01

    Background Pulmonary arterial hypertension, also known as Ascites syndrome (AS), remains a clinically challenging disease with a large impact on both humans and broiler chickens. Pulmonary arterial remodeling presents a key step in the development of AS. The precise molecular mechanism of pulmonary artery remodeling regulating AS progression remains unclear. Methodology/Principal Findings We obtained pulmonary arteries from two positive AS and two normal broilers for RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis and pathological observation. RNA-seq analysis revealed a total of 895 significantly differentially expressed genes (DEGs) with 437 up-regulated and 458 down-regulated genes, which were significantly enriched to 12 GO (Gene Ontology) terms and 4 KEGG (Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes) pathways (Padj<0.05) regulating pulmonary artery remodeling and consequently occurrence of AS. These GO terms and pathways include ribosome, Jak-STAT and NOD-like receptor signaling pathways which regulate pulmonary artery remodeling through vascular smooth cell proliferation, inflammation and vascular smooth cell proliferation together. Some notable DEGs within these pathways included downregulation of genes like RPL 5, 7, 8, 9, 14; upregulation of genes such as IL-6, K60, STAT3, STAT5 Pim1 and SOCS3; IKKα, IkB, P38, five cytokines IL-6, IL8, IL-1β, IL-18, and MIP-1β. Six important regulators of pulmonary artery vascular remodeling and construction like CYP1B1, ALDH7A1, MYLK, CAMK4, BMP7 and INOS were upregulated in the pulmonary artery of AS broilers. The pathology results showed that the pulmonary artery had remodeled and become thicker in the disease group. Conclusions/Significance Our present data suggested some specific components of the complex molecular circuitry regulating pulmonary arterial remodeling underlying AS progression in broilers. We revealed some valuable candidate genes and pathways that involved in pulmonary artery remodeling further contributing to the AS

  8. A clinical study of complications of acute pancreatitis and their outcome

    Sajjad Hussain

    2015-02-01

    Conclusion: Ascites was the most common local complication, whereas pleural effusion was the most common systemic complication. Shock, acute respiratory distress syndrome, acute renal failure, pancreatic abscess, infection of the pancre- atic necrosis, upper gastrointestinal bleed, hypocalcaemia, portal vein thrombosis, and hepatic encephalopathy were com- plications with the poorest prognosis. It is important to identify patients with acute pancreatitis who have an increased risk of complications and death. The MOSF scoring system is simple to use, has better clinical utility, and helps in directing pre- cious resources to patients who benefit the most from intensive therapy. Patients with severe pancreatitis require intensive monitoring and support of a failing system in intensive care unit, the lack of which resulted in higher mortality in our study. [Arch Clin Exp Surg 2015; 4(1.000: 1-13

  9. Current Management of the Complications of Cirrhosis and Portal Hypertension: Variceal Hemorrhage, Ascites, and Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis.

    Garcia-Tsao, Guadalupe

    2016-01-01

    Cirrhosis is not a single entity but represents a disease progression across different prognostic stages, with the compensated and decompensated stages being the most important. Variceal hemorrhage (VH) and ascites are complications of cirrhosis that denote the presence of a decompensated stage. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a common bacterial infection unique to patients with cirrhosis that can precipitate the development of recurrent VH and hepatorenal syndrome (HRS), complications that denote the presence of a 'further decompensated' stage of cirrhosis. Main current issues in the management of VH include identification of different prognostic stages that allow for individualized patient care. Management of VH cannot be performed in an isolated manner, and the presence of other complications of cirrhosis (ascites, encephalopathy) should be taken into account both in the management and in the design of clinical trials. Because management of ascites per se has not resulted in significant changes in mortality, main management issues consist of preventing further decompensating events by preventing factors that will lead to worsening vasodilatation and hemodynamic status (infections, vasodilators), preventing volume depletion (overdiuresis, GI hemorrhage) and preventing structural kidney injury (nephrotoxins). Prophylaxis of bacterial infections such as SBP currently consists of the administration of antibiotics. By preventing infections, there is evidence that recurrent VH and HRS can also be prevented. However, response to recommended empirical antibiotics in patients with suspected infection, such as SBP, is currently significantly lower than in the past because of an increase in infections secondary to multidrug resistant (MDR) organisms. One of the main predictors of the development of MDR organisms is antibiotic prophylaxis and unnecessary and prolonged use of antibiotics in hospital. Therefore, appropriate antibiotics should be used in patients

  10. Evaluation of hollow fiber and mini perm bioreactors as an alternative to murine ascites for small scale monoclonal antibody production

    The objective of this study was to compare monoclonal antibody production in hollow fiber, mini perm bioreactor systems and murine ascites to determine the feasibility of the bioreactor system as a potential alternative to the use of mice. One hybridoma cell line was grown in hollow fiber, mini perm bioreactor systems and in groups of 5 mice. Mice were primed with 0.5 ml pristane intraperitoneally 14 days prior to inoculation of 1x107 hybridoma cells. Each mouse was tapped a maximum of three times for collection of ascites. Bioreactors were harvested three times weekly for 30 days and were monitored by cell counts, cell viability and media consumption. Time and materials logs were maintained. The total quantity of monoclonal antibody produced in 5 mice versus the total production for the two different bioreactors (hollow fiber and mini perm) in 30 days was as follows: cell line 2AC10E6C7 produce 158 mg vs.97.5 mg, vs 21.54 mg respectively. Mean monoclonal antibody concentration ranged from 4.07 to 8.37 mg/ml in murine ascites, from 0.71 to 3.8 mg/ml in hollow fiber bioreactor system, and from 0.035 to 1.06 in mini perm. Although time and material costs were generally greater for the bioreactors, these results suggest that hollow fiber and mini perm bioreactor systems merit further investigations as potentially viable in vitro alternatives to the use of mice for small scale (<1mg) monoclonal antibody production.(Author)

  11. Evaluation of Hollow Fiber And Miniperm Bioreactors as An Alternative to Murine Ascites for Small Scale Monoclonal Antibody Production

    The objective of this study was to compare monoclonal antibody production in hollow fiber, miniPERM bioreactor systems and murine ascites to determine the feasibility of the bioreactor system as a potential alternative to the use of mice. One hybridoma cell line was grown in hollow fiber, miniPERM bioreactor systems and in groups of 5 mice. Mice were primed with 0.5 ml pristane intraperitoneally 14 days prior to inoculation of 1X107 hybridoma cells. Each mouse was tapped a maximum of three times for collection of ascites. Bioreactors were harvested three times weekly for 30 days and were monitored by cell counts, cell viability and media consumption. Time and materials logs were maintained. The total quantity of monoclonal antibody produced in 5 mice versus the total production for the two different bioreactors (hollow fiber and miniPERM) in 30 days was as follows: cell line 2AC10E6C7 produce 158 mg vs.97.5 mg; vs 21.54 mg respectively. Mean monoclonal antibody concentration ranged from 4.07 to 8.37 mg/ml in murine ascites, from 0.71 to 3.8 mg/ml in hollow fiber bioreactor system, and from 0.035 to 1.06 in miniPERM. Although time and material costs were generally greater for the bioreactors, these results suggest that hollow fiber and miniPERM bioreactor systems merit further investigations as potentially viable in vitro alternatives to the use of mice for small scale (< 1 g) monoclonal antibody production.

  12. Ultrastructure of the extended ribonucleic acid molecules from purified ribosomes of Rous sarcoma virus-induced mouse ascites sarcoma cells

    Yamamoto,Goki

    1974-04-01

    Full Text Available To clarify the ultrastructure of the extended ribosomal RNA molecules, electron microscopic observations were carried out on the RNA molecules extracted from purified ribosomes of mouse ascites sarcoma cells. By the treatment with ethylenediamine-tetraacetate agglomerated rRNA molecules were elongated to thread-like structure by partial unfolding. The lengths of thread-like molecules were measured as less than Iii. The strand of RNA molecules stained with uranyl acetate was observed approximately l5A in width.

  13. Evaluation of reagent strips for ascitic fluid leukocyte determination: is it a possible alternative for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis rapid diagnosis?

    Tarsila C.R. Ribeiro; Mario Kondo; Ana Cristina C. Amaral; Edson Roberto Parise; Maurício A. Bragagnolo Júnior; Aécio Flávio Meirelles de Souza

    2007-01-01

    In order to evaluate the accuracy of a urine reagent dipstick (Multistix 10SG®) to determine ascitic fluid leukocyte count, we prospectively studied 106 cirrhotic patients from April 2003 to December 2004, in two different centers (Federal University of São Paulo - UNIFESP-EPM and Federal University of Juiz de Fora - HU-UFJF) for the rapid bedside diagnosis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. The mean age 54 ± 12 years, there was a predominance of males (eighty-two patients, 77%), an...

  14. Increased extravasation and lymphatic return rate of albumin during diuretic treatment of ascites in patients with liver cirrhosis

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl; Schlichting, P

    1981-01-01

    During steady state the overall lymphatic return rate of albumin equals the transvascular escape rate of albumin [TERalb, i.e. the fraction of intravascular mass of albumin (IVMalb) passing to the extravascular space per unit time] provided local back-transport is negligible, as previously......), indicating a net transport of albumin from the peritoneal cavity to the plasma during diuretic treatment. The results suggest an increased lymphatic drainage of albumin during diuretic treatment, which may play a role in amelioration of cirrhotic ascites....

  15. Early infantile form of galactosialidosis in a female baby with a prenatal diagnosis of fetal ascites: First case in Brazil

    Santos Cláudia Maria Carvalho dos

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available We present the first case of an early infantile form of galactosialidosis among Brazilians. This very rare and severe lysosomal storage disease has only a dozen patients clearly diagnosed worldwide. Clinical, pathological and biochemical features were consistent with previously published findings. We detected the disorder in a 7-month-old female baby with prenatal diagnosis of ascites. Evolution of the storage disease was monitored through routine thin-layer chromatography (TLC for urinary oligosaccharides as part of a screening program for inborn errors of metabolism (IEM in high-risk children, carried out in Rio de Janeiro.

  16. Palpitation- hepatosplenomegaly- ascites: a case report and literature review%第3例:阵发性心慌-肝脾肿大-腹水

    赵建秋; 卢向东; 张志广; 江勇

    2012-01-01

    This report presented a case of 62-year-old woman who was admitted to our hospital for "cirrosis", but she had a variety of clinical manifestations,such as abdominal distension,diarrhea,ascites, hepatosplenomegaly,anemia, palpitation, flushing, low blood pressure, arrhythmia and so on. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed thicken mucosa at gastric fundus. Colonoscopy revealed nodular, pseudopolypoid. Ascitic fluid test suggested a transudate. Endoscopic abnormal mucosa biopsy showed chronic inflammation. Many mast cells were seen in bone marrow and liver biopsies,and liver tissue immunophenotype was CD117, and CD68. Thus the patient's diagnosis was systemic mastocytosis. It is rare that a patient only has the gastrointestinal tract symptoms complicated with ascites without skin lesion. The goal for treatment was to reduce hypersecretion of mast cells.

  17. Over-estimation of glomerular filtration rate by single injection [51Cr]EDTA plasma clearance determination in patients with ascites

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl; Brøchner-Mortensen, J; Malchow-Møller, A; Schlichting, P

    1980-01-01

    The total plasma (Clt) and the renal plasma (Clr) clearances of [51Cr]EDTA were determined simultaneously in nine patients with ascites due to liver cirrhosis. Clt (mean 78 ml/min, range 34-115 ml/min) was significantly higher than Clr (mean 52 ml/min, range 13-96 ml/min, P < 0.005). The ascitic...... fluid-plasma activity ratio of [51Cr]EDTA increased throughout the investigation period (5h). The results suggest that [51Cr]EDTA equilibrates slowly with the peritoneal space which indicates that Clt will over-estimate the glomerular filtration rate by approximately 20 ml/min in patients with ascites...

  18. Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) - children

    Acute myelogenous leukemia - children; AML; Acute myeloid leukemia - children; Acute granulocytic leukemia - children; Acute myeloblastic leukemia - children; Acute non-lymphocytic leukemia (ANLL) - children

  19. The values of the expression of CA125 in serum, ascites and tissue in patients with ovarian cancer%卵巢癌患者血清、腹水、组织中CA125检测意义

    刘超; 马晓艳; 李海霞; 廖琪

    2008-01-01

    Objective To find the source of CA 125 in serum and the values of the expression of CA125 in serum, ascites and tissue in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. Methods Detected the expression of CA125 in the primary lesions of epithelial ovarian cancer and the metastasis in abdominopelvic cavity (peritoneal and omental metastatic lesions) by S-P immunohistochemical methods. Compared the expression of CA 125 in tuberculose focus and acute inflammation focus in abdominopelvic cavity and detected CA125 in serum and ascites by ELISA. Results The levels of CA125 in serum of the patients with epithelial ovarian cancer [(523.66±158.02)kU/L],benign epithelial ovarian tumor [(138.11±26.52)kU/L] and tuberculosis of abdominopelvie cavity [(486.56±147.10)kU/L] were higher than that with the normal ovary [(17.48±3.37)kU/L], and there were significant differences (P<0.05).The levels of CA125 in serum of the patients with epithelial ovarian cancer and tuberculosis of abdominopelvic cavity were significantly higher than that with benign epithelial ovarian tumor, and there were significant differenees (P<0.01). The levels of CA125 in ascites of the patients with epithelial ovarian cancer [(996.85±337.87)kU/L] and tuberculosis of abdominopelvic cavity [(596.78±197.10)kU/L] were higher than that with benign epithelial ovarian tumor [(179.48±63.08)kU/L] and normal ovary [(177.70±51.72)kU/L], and there were significant differences (P<0.01).The level of CA125 in ascites of the patients with epithelial ovarian cancer was higher than that with tuberculosis of abdominopelvic cavity, and there was significant difference (P<0.01). By correlation analysis, the relationship of the level of CA 125 in serum and in ascites of the patients with epithelial ovarian cancer was positive correlation(r=0.687). Conclusion Besides the original and metastatie lesions (greater omenta and peritoneum) of epithelial ovarian cancer can express CA 125, the second Maller canal, for example the

  20. Pharmacokinetics, micro-SPECT/CT imaging and therapeutic efficacy of {sup 188}Re-DXR-liposome in C26 colon carcinoma ascites mice model

    Chen, L.-C.; Chang, C.-H.; Yu, C.-Y.; Chang, Y.-J.; Wu, Y.-H.; Lee, W.-C.; Yeh, C.-H.; Lee, T.-W. [Institute of Nuclear Energy Research, Taoyuan, Taiwan (China); Ting Gann [National Institute of Cancer Research, National Health Research Institutes, Miaoli, Taiwan (China)], E-mail: gann.ting@msa.hinet.net

    2008-11-15

    The pharmacokinetics and internal radionuclide therapy of intraperitoneally administrated {sup 188}Re-N,N-bis(2-mercaptoethyl)-N',N'-diethylethylenediamine (BMEDA)-labeled pegylated liposomal doxorubicin ({sup 188}Re-DXR-liposome) were investigated in the C26 murine colon carcinoma ascites mouse model. After intraperitoneal administration of the nanotargeted bimodality {sup 188}Re-DXR-liposome, the ascites and tumor accumulation of the radioactivity were observed, the levels of radioactivity within the ascites were maintained at relatively higher levels before 48 h and the levels of radioactivity in the tumor were maintained at steady levels after 4 h. The AUC{sub (o{yields}{infinity})} of {sup 188}Re-DXR-liposome in blood, ascites and tumor was 9.3-, 4.2- and 4.7-fold larger than that of {sup 188}Re-BMEDA, respectively. The maximum tolerated dose of intraperitoneally administrated {sup 188}Re-DXR-liposome was determined in normal BALB/c mice. The survival, tumor and ascites inhibition of mice after {sup 188}Re-DXR-liposome (22.2 MBq of {sup 188}Re, 5 mg/kg of DXR) treatment were evaluated. Consequently, radiochemotherapeutics of {sup 188}Re-DXR-liposome attained better survival time, tumor and ascites inhibition (decreased by 49% and 91% at 4 days after treatment; P<.05) in mice than radiotherapeutics of {sup 188}Re-liposome or chemotherapeutics of Lipo-Dox did. Therefore, intraperitoneal administration of novel {sup 188}Re-DXR-liposome could provide a benefit and promising strategy for delivery of passive nanotargeted bimodality radiochemotherapeutics in oncology applications.

  1. Application of Meal Feeding and Skip-A-Day Feeding With or Without Probiotics for Broiler Chickens Grown at High-Altitude to Prevent Ascites Mortality

    Ali Saffar

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Ascites is a common rapid-growth-related problem in broiler chickens grown at high altitude where the partial pressure of oxygen is low and is marginally adequate to support the growth performance and ascites-related variables. A mismatch between the growth of oxygen supplying organs and the oxygen demanding organs causes ascites in broiler chickens. In the present study, broilers were subjected to two types of feed restriction with or without probiotics and changes in the growth rate of body organs were attributed to the incidence of ascites. Approach: Four hundred male day-old broiler chicks were randomly assigned in a completely randomized design to five treatments: (1 a control group fed ad libitum throughout the experiment (2 a group subjected to meal feeding during 5-11 days of age with feeding times from 08-12 h and 13-17 h, (3 a group similar to treatment 2 except to received probiotics, (4 a skip-a-day feeding with 24 h fasting on days 9 and 11 and (5 a group similar to treatment 4 except to received probiotics. Probiotics was only used during the feed restriction at 1 g L-1 in the drinking water. Broilers reared on litter flooring from 1-49 days of age. Results: Both feed restriction programs used under conditions of the experiment resulted in poorer performance relative to the full-fed control but retarded growth caught up at the end of experiment. Carcass and breast yield were significantly (p‎Conclusion: Early feed restriction did not influence the proportional growth of body organs and had no significant impact on ascites incidence. Probiotics had a positive effect in prevention of ascites.

  2. Effects of dietary L-carnitine and coenzyme Q10 at different supplemental ages on growth performance and some immune response in ascites-susceptible broilers.

    Geng, Ailian; Li, Baoming; Guo, Yuming

    2007-02-01

    Effects of dietary L-carnitine and coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) at different supplemental ages on performance and some immune response were investigated in ascites-susceptible broilers. A 3 x 2 x 2 factorial design was used consisting of L-carnitine supplementation (0, 75, and 100 mg/kg), CoQ10 supplementation (0 and 40 mg/kg) and different supplemental ages (from day 1 on and from day 10 on). A total of 480 one-day-old Arbor Acre male broiler chicks were randomly allocated to 12 groups, every group had five replicates, each with eight birds. The birds were fed a corn-soybean based diet for six weeks. From day 10-21, all the birds were exposed to a low ambient temperature (12-15 degrees C) to increase the susceptibility to ascites. No significant effects were observed on growth performance by L-carnitine, CoQ10 supplementation, and different supplemental ages. Packed cell volume was significantly decreased by L-carnitine supplementation alone, and ascites heart index and ascites mortality were decreased by L-carnitine, CoQ10 supplementation alone, and L-carnitine + CoQ10 supplementation together (p broilers was significantly improved by L-carnitine, CoQ10 supplementation alone during 0-3 week. Serum IgG content was improved by L-carnitine supplementation alone (p ascites-susceptible broilers, which might benefit for the reduction of broilers' susceptibility to ascites. PMID:17361948

  3. Does Artificial Ascites Induce the Heat-Sink Phenomenon during Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation of the Hepatic Subcapsular Area?: an in vivo Experimental Study Using a Rabbit Model

    To evaluate the effect of the heat-sink phenomenon induced by artificial ascites on the size of the ablation zone during percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation of the hepatic subcapsular area in an in vivo rabbit model. A total of 21 percutaneous rabbit liver RF ablations were performed with and without artificial ascites (5% dextrose aqueous solution). The rabbits were divided into three groups: a) control group (C, n = 7); b) room temperature ascites group (R, n = 7); and c) warmed ascites group (W, n = 7). The tip of a 1 cm, internally cooled electrode was placed on the subcapsular region of the hepatic dome via ultrasound guidance, and ablation was continued for 6 min. Changes in temperature of the ascites were monitored during the ablation. The size of the ablation zones of the excised livers and immediate complications rates were compared statistically between the groups (Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, linear-by-linear association, p = 0.05). One rabbit from the 'W' group expired during the procedure. In all groups, the ascites temperatures approached their respective body temperatures as the ablations continued; however, a significant difference in ascites temperature was found between groups 'W' and 'R' throughout the procedures (39.2± 0.4 .deg. C in group W and 33.4±4.3 .deg. C in group R at 6 min, p = 0.003). No significant difference was found between the size of the ablation zones (782.4±237.3 mL in group C, 1,172.0±468.9 mL in group R, and 1,030.6±665.1 mL in group W, p = 0.170) for the excised liver specimens. Diaphragmatic injury was identified in three of seven cases (42.9%) upon visual inspection of group 'C' rabbits (p = 0.030). Artificial ascites are not likely to cause a significant heat-sink phenomenon in the percutaneous RF ablation of the hepatic subcapsular region

  4. Does Artificial Ascites Induce the Heat-Sink Phenomenon during Percutaneous Radiofrequency Ablation of the Hepatic Subcapsular Area?: an in vivo Experimental Study Using a Rabbit Model

    Kim, Young Sun; Rhim, Hyun Chul; Choi, Dong Il; Lim, Hyo K. [Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-02-15

    To evaluate the effect of the heat-sink phenomenon induced by artificial ascites on the size of the ablation zone during percutaneous radiofrequency (RF) ablation of the hepatic subcapsular area in an in vivo rabbit model. A total of 21 percutaneous rabbit liver RF ablations were performed with and without artificial ascites (5% dextrose aqueous solution). The rabbits were divided into three groups: a) control group (C, n = 7); b) room temperature ascites group (R, n = 7); and c) warmed ascites group (W, n = 7). The tip of a 1 cm, internally cooled electrode was placed on the subcapsular region of the hepatic dome via ultrasound guidance, and ablation was continued for 6 min. Changes in temperature of the ascites were monitored during the ablation. The size of the ablation zones of the excised livers and immediate complications rates were compared statistically between the groups (Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, linear-by-linear association, p = 0.05). One rabbit from the 'W' group expired during the procedure. In all groups, the ascites temperatures approached their respective body temperatures as the ablations continued; however, a significant difference in ascites temperature was found between groups 'W' and 'R' throughout the procedures (39.2+- 0.4 .deg. C in group W and 33.4+-4.3 .deg. C in group R at 6 min, p = 0.003). No significant difference was found between the size of the ablation zones (782.4+-237.3 mL in group C, 1,172.0+-468.9 mL in group R, and 1,030.6+-665.1 mL in group W, p = 0.170) for the excised liver specimens. Diaphragmatic injury was identified in three of seven cases (42.9%) upon visual inspection of group 'C' rabbits (p = 0.030). Artificial ascites are not likely to cause a significant heat-sink phenomenon in the percutaneous RF ablation of the hepatic subcapsular region

  5. [Chylothorax of cirrhotic origin: a case report].

    Vandenbos, F; Rakotoarisoa, C; Zeanandin, G; Mourani, A

    2005-12-01

    Chylothorax and chylous ascites are an accumulation of fluid containing a large proportion of triglycerides. The presence of these two effusions simultaneously is rare. A case of a patient with a known history of cirrhosis, hospitalized for an ascetic decompensation with left pleural effusion is herein presented. The woman was diagnosed as presenting both chylous ascites and chylothorax. Both fluids are transudate type fluids. After evacuation of the fluids and implementation of an adapted treatment neither effusion reappeared. The patient has been followed for the past year and has not shown any signs of relapse. Chylothorax, in cirrhotic patients is due to trans-diaphragmatic passage of fluid originating from the chylous ascites. Both extravasations have the same biological characteristics. PMID:16449926

  6. First-line radiofrequency ablation with or without artificial ascites for hepatocellular carcinomas in a subcapsular location: Local control rate and risk of peritoneal seeding at long-term follow-up

    Aim: To compare the long-term local control of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and risk of peritoneal seeding via percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) using artificial ascites with those of RFA without artificial ascites. Materials and methods: The Institutional Review Board approved this retrospective study. From April 2005 to February 2008, 160 patients (121 men, 39 women; age range 36–79 years) with a single subcapsular HCC (mean size 2.19 cm) were treated with ultrasonography-guided percutaneous RFA as a first-line therapy. Forty-four patients were treated with RFA using artificial ascites, whereas the other 116 patients were treated without artificial ascites. The cumulative local tumour progression (LTP) and peritoneal seeding were compared in both groups using follow-up computed tomography (CT). Cumulative LTP rates were analysed using the Kaplan–Meier method and the log-rank test. Risk of peritoneal seeding was investigated by means of multivariate analysis. Results: The overall median follow-up period was 52.5 months (range 13–76 months). The 1, 2, 4, and 6 year cumulative LTP rates were 17.1, 27.6, 35.2, and 35.2%, respectively, in the group with artificial ascites, and 8, 15.2, 26.6, and 34.4% in the group without artificial ascites, without significant difference (p = 0.332). The rates of peritoneal seeding were 6.8% (3/44) in the group with artificial ascites and 2.6% (3/116) in the group without artificial ascites, a non-significant difference (p = 0.347). The biopsy prior to RFA was the independent risk factor of peritoneal seeding regardless of the use of artificial ascites. Conclusion: Long-term local tumour control and risk of peritoneal seeding were comparable for RFA with or without artificial ascites when used as a first-line therapy for subcapsular HCC

  7. ANTIGENIC RELATEDNESS OF SELECTED FLAVIVIRUSES: STUDY WITH HOMOLOGOUS AND HETEROLOGOUS IMMUNE MOUSE ASCITIC FLUIDS

    S.S. BABA

    1998-11-01

    Full Text Available The antigenic relationship of 9 flaviviruses, Yellow fever (YF , Wesselsbron (WSL , Uganda S (UGS , Potiskum (POT, West Nile (WN , Banzi (BAN , Zika (ZK , Dengue type 1 (DEN-1 and Dengue type 2 (DEN-2, was assessed by cross-haemagglutination-inhibition (Cross-HI and cross-complement fixation (Cross-CF reactions between each of the viruses and their homologous immune mouse ascitic fluids. Titre ratios were calculated using the heterologous and homologous titres. Cross-CF reactions revealed wider antigenic variations among viruses than Cross-HI reactions. There was no significant antigenic variation between WSL, POT and YF viruses using either of those methods. However, definite differences in antigenicity were observed between them and UGS, BAN and ZK viruses. There were no significant differences between UGS, BAN and ZK or between DEN-1 and DEN-2. The serological relationship among flaviviruses is important in establishing diagnosis and epidemiology of these infections in Africa.A relação antigênica de 9 Flavivirus, Febre amarela (YF, Wesselsbron (WSL, Uganda S (UGS, Potiskum (POT, West Nile (WN, Banzi (BAN, Zika (ZK, Dengue tipo 1 (DEN-1 e Dengue tipo2 (DEN-2, foi avaliada por reação de inibição da hemaglutinação cruzada (cross-HI e reação de fixação do complemento cruzada (Cross-CF entre cada um dos virus e seu fluido ascítico homólogo em camundongos. Médias de títulos foram calculadas usando os títulos heterólogos e homólogos. Reações cruzadas CF revelaram maiores variações antigênicas entre virus do que reações cruzadas HI. Não houve variação antigênica significativa entre virus WSL, POT e YF usando cada um dos métodos. Todavia, diferenças definidas da antigenicidade foram observadas entre eles e os vírus UGS, BAN e ZK. Não existiram diferenças significativas entre UGS, BAN e ZK ou entre DEN-1 e DEN-2. A relação sorológica entre Flavivirus é importante para se estabelecer o diagnóstico e a

  8. Surface markers of small lymphocytes appearing in the mouse Ehrlich ascites tumour, host spleen and blood

    Garnis, Sylvia; Lala, P. K.

    1978-01-01

    Small lymphocytes sampled from intraperitoneally growing Ehrlich ascites tumour in CBA/H-T6 mice as well as host spleen and blood at different days of tumour development were characterized radioautographically on the basis of two surface markers, IgM for B cells and θ antigen for T cells. A direct binding of 125I-labelled anti-IgM detected natural surface IgM, while an indirect binding following a prior exposure to anti-θ antibody detected θ antigen. Cells remaining unlabelled with the latter procedure were considered to lack both markers (double negative). While the incidence of IgM+ve small lymphocytes within the tumour declined, their absolute numbers increased with tumour growth. Low levels of antiglobulin binding shown by these cells were considered to reflect low levels of maturation, because (1) our previous studies indicated that they were newly formed, and (2) the extent of antiglobulin binding by B lymphocytes in the marrow is known to increase with increasing post-mitotic age. The proportions and the absolute numbers of θ+ve as well as the double negative small lymphocytes increased within the growing tumours. Within the host spleen, the incidence of IgM+ve small lymphocytes remained unchanged but their absolute numbers increased because of splenomegaly. The degree of antiglobulin binding by these cells was comparable to that of the normal splenic population. The incidence of θ+ve cells dropped but their absolute numbers remained unchanged in the spleen during tumour growth. In contrast, the incidence as well as the absolute numbers of double negative cells increased markedly. This cell category increased also in the blood, possibly in transit to the tumour site and other lymphoid organs from the bone marrow, where they were most prevalent. Their bone marrow origin was further suggested by a preponderance of marrow derived small lymphocytes at the tumour site as well as in the host spleens found in our earlier studies. Double negative population in

  9. Incomplete free fatty acid oxidation by ascites tumor cells under low oxygen tension.

    Ookhtens, M; Baker, N

    1983-01-01

    We tried to understand why our earlier estimates of fatty acid (FA) oxidation rates under the nearly anaerobic state of the Ehrlich ascites tumor (EAT) in vivo were even greater than those found in vitro under aerobic conditions. Using tracers [1-14C]linoleate, [1-14C]-, and [9,10-3H]palmitate, and NaH14CO3, we estimated essential and nonessential FA oxidation rates to CO2 + H2O by EAT in living mice and in vitro under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Sequestration of intraperitoneally (ip)-injected 14C-FFA allowed a selective labeling of the tumor versus the host; thus, breath 14CO2 could be used to estimate the maximum rate of FA oxidation in vivo by the tumor. Initially, we measured breath 14CO2 following NaH14CO3 injections and developed a multicompartmental model to simulate the tumor-host HCO-3-CO2 system. This model was integrated with our earlier model for tumor FA turnover. The integrated model was fitted to breath 14CO2 data from mice injected ip with 14C-FFA to compute tumor FA oxidation rates. Both essential and nonessential FA were oxidized to CO2 at similar rates. The maximum rate of total FA oxidation to CO2 was 5-6 nmol FA X min-1 X 7-ml tumor-1, about 5-10 times lower than all previous estimates obtained in vitro and in vivo. To resolve this dilemma we used doubly labeled [1-14C; 9,10-3H]palmitate and found that under aerobic conditions, in vitro, EAT formed 3H2O and 14CO2 at nearly equal rates. These rates were suppressed markedly but unequally at low PO2. Anaerobic suppression of 14CO2 formation greatly exceeded that of 3H2O formation. As a result 3H2O/14CO2 reached a value of congruent to 10 at low PO2. Our data indicate that under the nearly anaerobic conditions of a growing EAT in vivo, the partial beta-oxidation of FA to 2C + H2O takes place at a 5 to 10 times faster rate than the complete oxidation of FA to CO2 + H2O. This finding can account for earlier apparent inconsistencies in the literature, since aerobic studies of 14C-FA oxidation

  10. Anticancer Potential of Aqueous Ethanol Seed Extract of Ziziphus mauritiana against Cancer Cell Lines and Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma

    Tulika Mishra

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Ziziphus mauritiana (Lamk. is a fruit tree that has folkloric implications against many ailments and diseases. In the present study, anticancer potential of seed extract of Ziziphus mauritiana in vitro against different cell lines (HL-60, Molt-4, HeLa, and normal cell line HGF by MTT assay as well as in vivo against Ehrich ascites carcinoma bearing Swiss albino mice was investigated. The extract was found to markedly inhibit the proliferation of HL-60 cells. Annexin and PI binding of treated HL-60 cells indicated apoptosis induction by extract in a dose-dependent manner. The cell cycle analysis revealed a prominent increase in sub Go population at concentration of 20 μg/ml and above. Agarose gel electrophoresis confirmed DNA fragmentation in HL-60 cells after 3 h incubation with extract. The extract also exhibited potent anticancer potential in vivo. Treatment of Ehrlich ascites carcinoma bearing Swiss albino mice with varied doses (100–800 mg/kg b.wt. of plant extract significantly reduced tumor volume and viable tumor cell count and improved haemoglobin content, RBC count, mean survival time, tumor inhibition, and percentage life span. The enhanced antioxidant status in extract-treated animals was evident from decline in levels of lipid peroxidation and increased levels of glutathione, catalase, and superoxide dismutase.

  11. Evaluation of reagent strips for ascitic fluid leukocyte determination: is it a possible alternative for spontaneous bacterial peritonitis rapid diagnosis?

    Tarsila C.R. Ribeiro

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available In order to evaluate the accuracy of a urine reagent dipstick (Multistix 10SG® to determine ascitic fluid leukocyte count, we prospectively studied 106 cirrhotic patients from April 2003 to December 2004, in two different centers (Federal University of São Paulo - UNIFESP-EPM and Federal University of Juiz de Fora - HU-UFJF for the rapid bedside diagnosis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. The mean age 54 ± 12 years, there was a predominance of males (eighty-two patients, 77%, and alcohol was the most frequent etiology (43%. Forty-four percent of patients were classified as Child B and fifty-one as Child C (51%. Abdominal paracentesis was performed both in outpatient and inpatient settings and the Multistix 10SG® was tested. Eleven cases of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis were identified by means of polymorphonuclear count. If we considered the positive Multistix 10SG® result of 3 or more, the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value were respectively 71%, 99%, 91% and 98%. With a positive reagent strip result taken as grade 2 (traces or more, sensitivity was 86% and specificity was 96% with positive and negative predictive values of 60% and 99%, respectively. Diagnostic accuracy was 95%. We concluded that the use of a urine reagent dipstick (Multistix 10SG® could be considered a quick, easy and cheap method for ascitic fluid cellularity determination in SBP diagnosis.

  12. Energy metabolism and ATP turnover time during the cell cycle in roentgen irradiated Ehrlich ascites tumour cells

    The cell-cycle related energy metabolism after roentgen irradiation of in vivo growing Ehrlich ascites tumour cells was investigated in cell fractions obtained by elutriator centrifuging. The oxygen consumption and the lactate and pyruvate production, measured in vitro after 4.5, 5 and 9 Gy up to 24 h, were undisturbed, while the decrease in the in vivo ATP content was dose-independent in all parts of the cell cycle. On the basis of these data the ATP turnover time was found to be decreased. The decrease in the ATP content is considered to be less likely to be due to membrane leakage or increased ATP consumption than to reduced ATP production. Since in vitro incubation normalizes the ATP content, it is suggested that environmental factors in the ascites liquid after irradiation cause a decrease in the ATP production. Low ATP contents of the cells do not appear to influence the irradiation-induced changes in the cell flow through the cell cycle. (Auth.)

  13. Proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells in the development of ascites syndrome in broilers induced by low ambient temperature.

    Wang, J; Qiao, J; Zhao, L H; Li, K; Wang, H; Xu, T; Tian, Y; Gao, M; Wang, X

    2007-12-01

    Pulmonary vascular remodelling, mainly characterized by arterial medial thickening, is an important pathological feature of broiler ascites syndrome (AS). Since vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) form the major cellular component of arterial medial layer, we speculate that VSMC proliferation is one of the causes of pulmonary arterial medial thickening in ascitic broilers. Hence, the present study was designed to investigate the role of VSMC proliferation in pulmonary vascular remodelling in development of AS induced by low ambient temperature. Broilers in control group (22 +/- 1.5 degrees C) and low temperature group (11 +/- 2 degrees C) were sampled every week at 15-50 days of age. Proliferative indexes of VSMC in pulmonary arteries were assessed with proliferating cell nuclear antigen, and the relative medial thickness (RMT) and relative wall area (RWA), as indexes of pulmonary vascular remodelling, were examined by computer-image analysing system. The results showed that the high incidence (18.75%) of AS was induced by low temperature, and a significantly increased VSMC proliferation was observed in pulmonary arteries in the low temperature group at 22-50 days of age (P < 0.05). In addition, RMT and RWA in pulmonary arteries were significantly elevated in the low temperature group from 36 days of age (P < 0.05), indicating that pulmonary vascular remodelling occurred following VSMC proliferation in AS. Our data suggest that proliferation of VSMC may facilitate pulmonary vascular remodelling and have a pivotal role in AS induced by low ambient temperature. PMID:18045340

  14. Antiproliferative and antioxidant activity of Aegle marmelos (Linn. leaves in Dalton′s Lymphoma Ascites transplanted mice

    Vijaya Chockalingam

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The present investigation was performed to evaluate the antiproliferative and antioxidant activity of Aegle marmelos leaves in Dalton′s Lymphoma Ascites (DLA-bearing mice. Materials and Methods: The DLA cells maintained in vivo in Swiss albino mice were used for developing ascitic tumor in mice by intraperitoneal transplantation. The standardized 50% ethanolic extract of A. marmelos leaves (AMEE was administered intraperitoneally in dose levels 200 and 400 mg/kg, after 24 hours of tumor inoculation in mice for two weeks. Results: The AMEE treatment significantly prevented (P<0.001 the increase in body weight due to tumor cell growth and increased the mean survival time of the tumor-bearing mice as compared to the untreated DLA control mice. The treatment of DLA-bearing mice brought down the Alanine Aminotransferase (ALAT, Aspartate Aminotransferase (ASAT, and alkaline phosphatase to normal levels. The extract decreased the levels of hepatic lipid peroxidation and increased the levels of hepatic antioxidants Glutathione, Superoxide Dismutase (SOD, and catalase. All the changes observed with AMEE treatment were dose dependent. Conclusion: The hydroalcoholic extract of A. marmelos exhibits strong antitumor and antioxidant activities in DLA-bearing mice.

  15. Effect of Echis carinatus snake venom and its purified fractions F and F on the evolution of Ehrlich ascites tumor (EAT cells

    Nabil A. Soliman

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of Echis carinatus crude venom and some of its isolated toxic fractions on Ehrlich ascites tumor (EAT cells transplanted into the peritoneal cavity of the white female mice as an experimental model of fast growing tumor. The fractionation of the crude venom by gel filtration on sephadex G- %&' , F , Fand F while, the refractionation of these fractions by ion exchange chromatography using diethylamino ethyl cellulose (DEAE-cellulose gave nine subfractions (F (, F , F (, F , F *, F ( F , F ( and F .All these separated subfractions were pure when tested by a third chromatographic step using SDS-PAGE and scanned with densitometer scan. Some in vitro biological properties of the crude venom and its isolated fractions were studied. It was found that F showed the highest value of protein content, followed by F and F (. On the other hand, it was found that no interrelationship between phospholipase enzyme activity (PLA and the protein contents of the crude venom and its isolated fractions. Toxicity studies were conducted on adult female Swiss albino mice to determine the approximate acute median lethal dose (LD% of the crude venom and its purified fractions. LD% of crude venom, F and F+,-.%% /g/g b.w. In addition, F and F were non-lethal, while after ion exchange chromatography, the only toxic fraction was F ( (LD% 0 #% /g/g b.w.. The inhibitory effect of crude venom, F and F ( on tumor growth was studied by treatment of EAT bearing mice with two intraperitoneul injections of the sublethal &1 23% of crude venom and its purified fractions F and F (. The +,123% of the crude venom, Fand F ( was confirmed by a remarkable decrease of the viable tumor cells. This was accompanied by a significant increase in the number of dead cells, and increased percentage of survivals. On the other hand, the animals inoculated by EAT cells showed a significant increase in polymorphonuclear (PMN and mononuclear (MN

  16. Effects of vitamin E and L-arginine on cardiopulmonary function and ascites parameters in broiler chickens reared under subnormal temperatures.

    Lorenzoni, A G; Ruiz-Feria, C A

    2006-12-01

    Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of arginine (Arg) and vitamin E (VE) on ascites (pulmonary hypertension syndrome) parameters, nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity, and cardiopulmonary performance after an acute challenge with epinephrine (Epi). One-day-old male broilers (n = 100) were fed a commercial corn-soybean meal-based diet meeting NRC (1994) requirements, including 1.2% Arg and 40 IU of VE/kg. In experiment 1, birds were provided tap water (control), water with 0.3% Arg (HArg), water with 400 IU of VE/L (HVE), or a combination of both compounds (Arg-VE). In experiment 2, the treatment groups were similar but the VE was incorporated in the diet (400 IU/ kg of feed). At d 18, temperature was reduced to amplify the incidence of pulmonary hypertension. Body weight and hematocrit were recorded weekly. From d 28 to 42, cardiopulmonary performance was evaluated in clinically healthy, anesthetized birds (n = 7 to 8/treatment). A pulmonary artery and a systemic artery were cannulated, the birds were allowed to stabilize for 10 min (basal), an i.v. injection of Epi was applied (1 or 0.5 mg/kg of BW, experiment 1 and 2, respectively), and a second dose was applied 20 min later. Pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and heart rate (HR) were recorded continuously and data were analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA. The NOS activity was estimated through the conversion of 14C-Arginine to 14C-citrulline in isolated pulmonary arteries. Right/total ventricular weight ratio (RV/TV) was recorded at the end of the experiment. Body weight, RV/TV, and hematocrit values were not significantly affected by the dietary treatments. The PAP increased (P < 0.01) within 30 s after Epi in all treatments, except the HArg treatment in experiment 2. Overall, the time taken for PAP to return to basal levels was longer in the Arg-VE birds and shorter in the HArg birds, particularly after the second challenge. However, although NOS activity was

  17. Effect of fast electrons and menadione on the structural and functional status of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells at early periods following irradiation

    Irradiation of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells stimulates oxygen consumption, and menadione supresses cell respiration. The combined effect of the two factors produces an additional, in comparison with the effect of menadione alone, inhibition of the rate of oxygen consumption by cells. There is an additive effect of radiation and menadione with regard to the level of cell thiols and interphase cell death

  18. Characterisation of ribosomal proteins from HeLa and Krebs II mouse ascites tumor cells by different two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis techniques

    Issinger, O G; Beier, H

    1978-01-01

    Electrophoresis of ribosomal proteins according to Kaltschmidt and Wittmann, 1970a, b (pH 8.6/pH 4.5 urea system) yielded 29 proteins for the small subunits and 35 and 37 proteins for the large subunits of Krebs II ascites and HeLa ribosomes, respectively. Analysis of the proteins according to a ...

  19. Permselectivity of the liver blood-lymph (ascitic fluid) barrier to macromolecules in decompensated cirrhosis: relation to calculated pore-size

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl

    1983-01-01

    This study was undertaken to investigate permselectivity of the liver blood-lymph (ascitic fluid) barrier to endogeneous marcomolecules in patients with decompensated cirrhosis. Albumin (mol wt 69,000), immunoglobulin-G (mol wt 160,000) and immunoglobulin-M (mol wt 900,000) were determined in...... plasma and ascitic fluid from 13 cirrhotic patients. As previously substantiated in patients with cirrhosis, the ascitic fluid/plasma concentration ratio (R) of a protein is proportional to the transport rate from blood to lymph (ascitic fluid). Mean Ralb = 0.28 and RIgG = 0.29 were identical, but...... significantly higher than, RIgM = 0.18 (P less than 0.01). Ralb was directly correlated to RIgG (r = 0.97, P less than 0.001) and to RIgM (r = 0.78, P less than 0.005). Mean RIgG/Ralb = 1.03, which expresses the relative flux rates between IgG and albumin, was significantly above the ratio between the free...

  20. Changes in energy metabolism following roentgen irradiation of in vivo growing Ehrlich ascites tumour cells studied by 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy

    The energy metabolism in Ehrlich ascites tumour cells following in vivo irradiation of a dose of 5.0 Gy was studied in vitro in their ascites fluid up to 48 hours using 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy measuring ATP, ADP and inorganic phosphate (Psub(i)). The results are also related to radiation induced changes in cell cycle composition. ATP was reduced by more than 50 per cent 20 to 24 hours after irradiation but normalized at 48 hours. ADP was reduced to about half the normal level 24 to 48 hours after irradiation. When the ATP and ADP had reduced levels, the inorganic phosphate increased correspondingly. Addition of glucose to the ascites cell suspension at the time of minimum ATP level immediately raised the ATP:Psub(i) ratio. Since the glucose concentrations in blood and in ascites fluid following irradiation were also reduced, lack of glucose for energy production might have been a major contributing factor for the reduced ATP production. (orig.)

  1. Incidence of ascites syndrome and related hematological response in short-term feed-restricted broilers raised at low ambient temperature.

    Kamely, Mohammad; Karimi Torshizi, Mohammad Amir; Rahimi, Shaban

    2015-09-01

    Ascites is a major cause of mortality and morbidity in modern broiler production. Reduction of early growth, followed by compensatory gain, seems a practical and viable method to minimize losses caused by ascites. An experiment was conducted to determine if early feed restriction can reduce the incidence of ascites in broilers exposed to cool temperatures. Ross 308 cockerels (N=180) were assigned to 5 diet treatments and 2 temperature regimes, with 3 replicate pens of 6 birds per treatment and temperature. A standard grower diet was diluted by adding rice hulls at 0, 15, 30, 45, and 60% by weight from 7 to 14 d of age. On d 21 through 42, the temperature was maintained at 20 to 25°C (thermoneutral), or at 11 to 15°C (cool). Broilers exposed to cool temperatures developed higher right ventricle (RV) to total ventricle (TV) and RV to BW ratios, increased plasma triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4) concentrations, and elevated blood values for hemoglobin concentration, mean cell volume, and hematocrit (Pascites. Diluting the feed with rice hulls from d 7 to 14 resulted in proportional reductions in BW by d 14 (P0.1). Exposure to cool temperatures increased key indices of ascites susceptibility, and these preascitic changes were partially prevented by diluting the feed to reduce growth performance. PMID:26217021

  2. A novel neutralizing antibody targeting pregnancy-associated plasma protein-a inhibits ovarian cancer growth and ascites accumulation in patient mouse tumorgrafts

    Becker, Marc A; Haluska, Paul; Bale, Laurie K;

    2015-01-01

    The majority of ovarian cancer patients acquire resistance to standard platinum chemotherapy and novel therapies to reduce tumor burden and ascites accumulation are needed. Pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) plays a key role in promoting insulin-like growth factor (IGF) pathway activity...

  3. Effects of early feed restriction and cold temperature on lipid peroxidation, pulmonary vascular remodelling and ascites morbidity in broilers under normal and cold temperature.

    Pan, J Q; Tan, X; Li, J C; Sun, W D; Wang, X L

    2005-06-01

    Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of early feed restriction on lipid peroxidation, pulmonary vascular remodelling and ascites incidence in broilers under normal and low ambient temperature. In experiment 1, the restricted birds were fed 8h per day either from 7 to 14 d or from 7 to 21 d, while the controlled birds were fed ad libitum. In experiment 2, the restricted birds were fed 80 or 60% of the previous 24-h feed consumption of full-fed controls for 7 d from 7 to 14 d. On d 14, half of the birds in each treatment both in experiment 1 and experiment 2 were exposed to low ambient temperature to induce ascites. Body weight and feed conversion ratio were measured weekly. The incidences of ascites and other disease were recorded to determine ascites morbidity and total mortality. Blood samples were taken on d 14, 21, 28, 35 and 42 to measure the plasma malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px). On d 42, samples were taken to determine the right/total ventricular weight ratio (RV/TV), vessel wall area/vessel total area ratio (WA/TA) and mean media thickness in pulmonary arterioles (mMTPA). Low-temperature treatment increased plasma MDA concentration. When broilers were exposed to a cool environment for 3 weeks, plasma SOD and GSH-Px activity were decreased compared with normal-temperature chicks. RV/TV, WA/TA and mMTPA on d 42 were increased in birds exposed to cold, consistent with the increased pulmonary hypertension and ascites morbidity. Early feed restriction markedly decreased plasma MDA concentration. The plasma SOD and GSH-Px activity of feed-restricted birds were markedly higher than those fed ad libitum on d 35 and d 42. All early feed restriction treatments reduced ascites morbidity and total mortality. On d 42, the RV/TV, WA/TA and mMTPA of feed-restricted broilers were lower than that of the ad libitum-fed broilers. The results suggested that early feed restriction alleviated the lipid

  4. Hyperlipidemia intensifies cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis associated with activation of protein kinase C in rats

    Ya-Jun Wang; Jia-Bang Sun; Fei Li; Shu-Wen Zhang

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the effects of hyperlipidemia on acute pancreatitis (AP) and the possible mechanisms.METHODS: Rat models of hyperlipidemia and AP were established by Triton WR1339 and cerulein respectively.Human albumin was used to treat AP complicated by hyperlipidemia. In each group, we compared the histological score, volume of ascites, ratio of pancreatic wet/dry weight, serum amylase (AMY) and pancreatic acinar cell apoptosis. The level of protein kinase C (PKC) membrane translocation in pancreatic tissue was detected by Western blot.RESULTS: In the hyperlipidemia model established by Triton WR1339, triglyceride (TG) increased remarkably and reached its peak 6 h after injection, and most rats developed mild acute pancreatitis. Histological score, volume of ascites, ratio of wet/dry weight and serum AMY in AP animals with hyperlipidemia were obviously higher than those in AP animals (P <0.05) and decreased after albumin therapy but not significantly (P > 0.05). Apoptotic cells detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) increased in AP animals with hyperlipidemia and did not change distinctly after albumin therapy. PKC membrane translocation level increased in AP animals with hyperlipidemia and decreased remarkably after albumin therapy (P < 0.05).CONCLUSION: Hyperlipidemia may induce AP or intensify pancreatic injury. Albumin therapy can not alleviate pancreatic lesion effectively. PKC activation may be one mechanism by which AP is intensified by hyperlipidemia.

  5. Acute pancreatitis

    Al Mofleh Ibrahim

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available The past few years have witnessed a tremendous progress in our knowledge regarding the pathogenesis, diagnosis, prognostic evaluation and classification of acute pancreatitis. The role of ischemia, lysosomal enzymes, oxygen free radicals, polymorphnuclear cells-byproducts and inflammatory mediators in the pathogenesis of pancreatic necrosis and multiple organ failure has been emphasized. Furthermore, the recent knowledge about agents infecting pancreatic necrosis, routes of infection, bacteriological examination of fine needle aspirate and appropriate antibiotics have changed the concept of acute pancreatitis. New diagnostic tests such as rapid urinary trypsinogen-2 test and inflammatory mediators including polymorphnuclear elastase, C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 contribute to early diagnosis, prognostic evaluation and initiation of an appropriate therapy.

  6. The usefulness of enhanced computed tomography imaging in the diagnosis and evaluation of the severity of acute appendicitis

    To evaluate the usefulness of computed tomography (CT) in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis and the decision for an appropriate operative approach, CT was performed in addition to the clinical and laboratory findings in 42 patients suspected of having acute appendicitis. As for CT findings, surgical intervention was considered in principle in patients with enlargement of the appendix over 10 mm, enhanced appendiceal wall, appendicolith, abscess, ascites, deficiency of appendiceal wall, or hazy periappendicular densities. The maximal diameter of resected specimen was also measured. Surgery was conducted in 23 patients, and 19 of them had phlegmonous/gangrenous appendicitis. The remaining 19 patients were treated without surgery. Enhanced appendiceal wall and hazy periappendicular densities were detected in all patients with phlegmonous/gangrenous appendicitis, and deficiency of the appendiceal wall, appendicolith, and abscess/ascites were seen in 79%, 42% and 58%, respectively. The maximal diameter of phlegmonous/gangrenous appendix was 11.8 mm, and was significantly larger than that of the appendix with normal or catarrhal appendicitis. The correlation coefficient of the maximal diameter of the appendix between resected specimen and the appendix as measured with CT was 0.65. The specificity, sensitivity, and accuracy of the preoperative diagnosis including CT were 75%, 97%, and 90%, respectively. Preoperative diagnosis including CT is useful to identify acute appendicitis, to evaluate the severity of disease, and to decide the surgical indication. (author)

  7. Full-term abdominal extrauterine pregnancy complicated by post-operative ascites with successful outcome: a case report

    Masukume Gwinyai

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Advanced abdominal (extrauterine pregnancy is a rare condition with high maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. Because the placentation in advanced abdominal pregnancy is presumed to be inadequate, advanced abdominal pregnancy can be complicated by pre-eclampsia, which is another condition with high maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Diagnosis and management of advanced abdominal pregnancy is difficult. Case presentation We present the case of a 33-year-old African woman in her first pregnancy who had a full-term advanced abdominal pregnancy and developed gross ascites post-operatively. The patient was successfully managed; both the patient and her baby are apparently doing well. Conclusion Because most diagnoses of advanced abdominal pregnancy are missed pre-operatively, even with the use of sonography, the cornerstones of successful management seem to be quick intra-operative recognition, surgical skill, ready access to blood products, meticulous post-operative care and thorough assessment of the newborn.

  8. Protective effect of pantothenic acid and related compounds against permeabilization of Ehrlich ascites tumour cells by digitonin.

    Slyshenkov, V S; Rakowska, M; Wojtczak, L

    1996-01-01

    Preincubation of Ehrlich ascites tumour cells with millimolar concentrations of pantothenic acid, pantothenol or pantethine, but not with homopantothenic acid, at 22 degrees C or 32 degrees C, but not at 0 degrees C, makes the plasma membrane more resistant to the damaging effect of submillimolar concentrations of digitonin. It is proposed that this increased resistance is due to the increased rate of cholesterol biosynthesis. In fact, incorporation of [14C]acetate into cholesterol is by 45% increased in the cells preincubated with pantothenic acid; this probably reflects elevation of the content of CoA in such cells [Slyshenkov, V.S., Rakowska, M., Moiseenok, A.G. & Wojtczak, L. (1995) Free Radical Biol. Med. 19, 767-772]. PMID:8862188

  9. Expression of P-glycoprotein and multidrug resistance associated protein in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells after fractionated irradiation

    Nielsen, D; Maare, C; Eriksen, J;

    2001-01-01

    ATPase activity was neither stimulated by vinblastine nor VER. CONCLUSION: Irradiation induced a multidrug-resistant phenotype in sensitive tumor cells. This phenotype was characterized by increased expression of Mrp1 mRNA, Mrp1, and PGP but decreased expression of mdr1a + b mRNA. The influence of......PURPOSE: To characterize irradiated murine tumor cells with respect to drug resistance, drug kinetics, and ATPase activity, and to evaluate the possible role of P-glycoprotein (PGP) and murine multidrug resistance associated protein (Mrp1) in the drug-resistant phenotype of these cells. METHODS AND...... MATERIALS: Sensitive Ehrlich ascites tumor cells (EHR2) were in vitro exposed to fractionated irradiation (60 Gy). Western blot analysis was performed for determination of PGP and Mrp1, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for determination of mdr1a + b mRNA, and semiquantitative RT...

  10. The Preparation of Mice Ascites with Anti-HBs/a Monoclonal Antibody Hybridoma Cell Separated from Mice Ascites%分离小鼠腹水中抗HBs/a单克隆抗体杂交瘤细胞制备小鼠腹水

    邹汉武; 刘琦

    2001-01-01

    探讨利用从小鼠腹水中分离获得的单克隆抗体杂交瘤细胞, 大量制备小鼠单克隆抗体腹水的方法:收集已接种单克隆抗体杂交瘤细胞的小鼠腹水,用淋巴细胞分离液离心分离腹水中的杂交瘤细胞;再将此分离出的杂交瘤细胞,注入其他小鼠腹腔又制得腹水。每只小鼠分离得到的杂交瘤细胞可供5只小鼠腹腔注射, 平均每只小鼠产腹水3.97 ml。此法可规模制备大量高效价的单克隆抗体腹水。%A large quantity of mice McAb ascites with monoclonal antibody (McAb) hybridoma cells separated from mice ascites was prepared. Ascites of mice inoculated with McAb hybridoma cells were collected, and the McAb hybridoma cells were isolated by centrifugation with lymphocyte separating fluid. McAb hybridoma cells then were injected into other mice abdominal cavity to prepare ascites again. McAb hybridoma cells separated from a mouse could be injected into the abdominal cavity of 5 mice. Each mouse could produce 3.97 ml ascites on average. This method could be used to prepare large quantity of high titer mice monoclonal anti-HBs/a ascites.

  11. Impact of rifaximin on the frequency and characteristics of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in patients with liver cirrhosis and ascites.

    Philipp Lutz

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Rifaximin is a non-absorbable antibiotic used to prevent relapses of hepatic encephalopathy which may also be a candidate for prophylaxis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP. AIM: To detect the impact of rifaximin on the occurrence and characteristics of SBP. METHODS: We prospectively studied all hospitalized patients that underwent a diagnostic paracentesis in our department from March 2012 to April 2013 for SBP and recorded all clinical data including type of SBP prophylaxis, prior use of rifaximin, concomitant complications of cirrhosis, as well as laboratory results and bacteriological findings. Patients were divided into the following three groups: no antibiotic prophylaxis, prophylaxis with rifaximin or with systemically absorbed antibiotic prophylaxis. RESULTS: Our study cohort comprised 152 patients with advanced liver cirrhosis, 32 of whom developed SBP during the study period. As expected, our study groups differed regarding a history of hepatic encephalopathy and SBP before inclusion into the study. None of the 17 patients on systemic antibiotic prophylaxis developed SBP while 8/27 patients on rifaximin and 24/108 without prophylaxis had SBP (p = 0.02 and p = 0.04 versus systemic antibiotics, respectively. In general, episodes of SBP were similar for patients treated with rifaximin and those without any prophylaxis. However, Escherichia coli and enterococci were dominant in the ascites of patients without any prophylaxis, while mostly klebsiella species were recovered from the ascites samples in the rifaximin group. CONCLUSION: Rifaximin pretreatment did not lead to a reduction of SBP occurrence in hospitalized patients with advanced liver disease. However, the bacterial species causing SBP were changed by rifaximin.

  12. Antitumor effect of vitamin D-binding protein-derived macrophage activating factor on Ehrlich ascites tumor-bearing mice.

    Koga, Y; Naraparaju, V R; Yamamoto, N

    1999-01-01

    Cancerous cells secrete alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase (NaGalase) into the blood stream, resulting in deglycosylation of serum vitamin D3-binding protein (known as Gc protein), which is a precursor for macrophage activating factor (MAF). Incubation of Gc protein with immobilized beta-galactosidase and sialidase generates the most potent macrophage activating factor (designated GcMAF). Administration of GcMAF to cancer-bearing hosts can bypass the inactivated MAF precursor and act directly on macrophages for efficient activation. Therapeutic effects of GcMAF on Ehrlich ascites tumor-bearing mice were assessed by survival time and serum NaGalase activity, because serum NaGalase activity was proportional to tumor burden. A single administration of GcMAF (100 pg/mouse) to eight mice on the same day after transplantation of the tumor (5 x 10(5) cells) showed a mean survival time of 21 +/- 3 days for seven mice, with one mouse surviving more than 60 days, whereas tumor-bearing controls had a mean survival time of 13 +/- 2 days. Six of the eight mice that received two GcMAF administrations, at Day 0 and Day 4 after transplantation, survived up to 31 +/- 4 days whereas, the remaining two mice survived for more than 60 days. Further, six of the eight mice that received three GcMAF administrations with 4-day intervals showed an extended survival of at least 60 days, and serum NaGalase levels were as low as those of control mice throughout the survival period. The cure with subthreshold GcMAF-treatments (administered once or twice) of tumor-bearing mice appeared to be a consequence of sustained macrophage activation by inflammation resulting from the macrophage-mediated tumoricidal process. Therefore, a protracted macrophage activation induced by a few administrations of minute amounts of GcMAF eradicated the murine ascites tumor. PMID:9893164

  13. Effect of poultry by-product meal on pulmonary hypertension, right ventricular failure and ascites in broiler chickens

    Julian, Richard J.; Caston, Linda J.; Mirsalimi, S. Medhi; Leeson, Steve

    1992-01-01

    We tested the hypothesis that poultry by-product meal would produce a thermogenic response (an increased requirement for oxygen) resulting in an increased incidence of pulmonary hypertension with right ventricular failure and ascites in commercial broiler chickens. Four treatment groups, each with three replicates of 40 chicks, were fed a commercial broiler starter to day 21, grower to day 35, and the following experimental diets after day 35: group 1, commercial chicken broiler finisher; group 2, commercial chicken broiler finisher with poultry by-product meal added to replace part of the soyabean meal; group 3, commercial chicken broiler finisher with poultry fat added to replace the animal-vegetable (AV) fat; group 4, commercial chicken broiler finisher with both poultry by-product meal and poultry fat added to replace soyabean meal and AV fat. On day 35, pen temperature was reduced to 15°C, and on day 42 to 12°C. Mortality from ascites between days 35 and 56 was 11(9%) in group 2, 5(4%) in group 4 and 3(2.5%) in groups 1 and 3 The incidence of pulmonary hypertension, as measured by an increased right ventricle: total ventricle (RV:TV) ratio (RV:TV > 0.249) at processing on day 57, was higher in the groups receiving poultry by-product and poultry fat: 27(22.5%) in group 2, 26(21.7%) in group 3, and 20(16.7%) in group 4 compared to that of the controls 12(10%). PMID:17424018

  14. VALIDITY OF CONTRAST ENHANCED CT IN THE ASSESSMENT OF ACUTE PANCREATITIS AND ITS RELATED COMPLICATIONS

    Mannivanan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND In the earlier days, ultrasonogram was considered as one of the most important investigation for pancreatitis, later the clinicians started using cholangiography in acute pancreatitis, but today CT is considered as a gold standard test in the diagnosis of acute pancreatitis. Though the sensitivity of CT in diagnosing acute pancreatitis was not studied much particularly in a mild case, but a good-quality contrast enhanced CT demonstrates distinct pancreatic and peri-pancreatic abnormalities. AIM To assess the importance of computed tomography in diagnosing acute pancreatitis and its related complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS A prospective study was conducted on 150 patients with clinically suspected pancreatitis. CT was performed on all the patients with Siemens Spiral CT scanner Sensation 16 slice. Oral contrast of was 1000 mL given one hour prior to the scan in the form of taking 250 mL every 15 mins. The CT severity index (CTSI and the necrosis point scoring was used to assess the severity of acute pancreatitis. All the complications related to acute pancreatitis were also assessed. RESULTS The CT analysis in the detection of acute pancreatitis showed the sensitivity of 100% and the positive predictive value of 97.3%. The severity index of acute pancreatitis based on the CT imaging had shown that majority of the patients are with moderate (60.6% level of acute pancreatitis. The necrosis point scoring showed that 54.6% of the patients had necrosis involving less than 30% of the pancreas. Among the various complications detected by CECT the commonest were pleural effusion and ascites. CONCLUSION CECT is the most important gold standard technique both for diagnosis as well as for predicting the prognosis in acute pancreatitis. The clinicians should routinely send the patient for the CT imaging whenever there is a suspicion of pancreatitis clinically.

  15. Acute abdomen

    Acute abdomen may be connected with the injury of one of the internal organs, injury of large blood vessels, with the spreading of pains from some other area. It may also be a manifestation of systemic disease or poisoning. The main purposes of radiodiagnosis are: determination of the cause of clinical syndrome; determination of the localization and spreading of pathological changes in abdominal organs; finding out the character of complications. If the data of the ordinary roentgenological investiagtion and isn't complete, the computer tomography of abdominal and pelvic cavities is needed

  16. Hepatic damage during acute pancreatitis in the rat

    A.M.M. Coelho

    1997-08-01

    Full Text Available We studied the alterations in the metabolism of liver mitochondria in rats with acute pancreatitis. Male Wistar rats were allocated to a control group (group I and to five other groups corresponding to 2, 4, 12, 24 and 48 h after the induction of acute pancreatitis by the injection of 5% sodium taurocholate into the pancreatic duct. Sham-operated animals were submitted to the same surgical steps except for the induction of acute pancreatitis. Mitochondrial oxidation and phosphorylation were measured polarographically by determining oxygen consumption without ADP (basal respiration, state 4 and in the presence of ADP (activated respiration, state 3. Serum amylase, transaminases (ALT and AST and protein were also determined. Ascitic fluid, contents of amylase, trypsin and total protein were also determined and arterial blood pressure was measured in all groups. In ascitic fluid, trypsin and amylase increased reaching a maximum at 2 and 4 h, respectively. Serum amylase increased at 2 h reaching a maximum at 4 h. Serum transaminase levels increased at 12 and 24 h. After 2 h (and also 4 h there was an increase in state 4 respiration (45.65 ± 1.79 vs 28.96 ± 1.50 and a decrease in respiration control rate (3.53 ± 0.09 vs 4.45 ± 0.08 and in the ADP/O ratio (1.77 ± 0.02 vs 1.91 ± 0.01 compared to controls (P<0.05. These results indicate a disruption of mitochondrial function, which recovered after 12 h. In the 48-h groups there was mitochondrial damage similar to that occurring in ischemic lesion. Beat-to-beat analysis (30 min showed that arterial blood pressure remained normal up to 24 h (111 ± 3 mmHg while a significant decrease occurred in the 48-h group (91 ± 4 mmHg. These data suggest biphasic damage in mitochondrial function in acute pancreatitis: an initial uncoupled phase, possibly secondary to enzyme activity, followed by a temporary recovery and then a late and final dysfunction, associated with arterial hypotension, possibly related

  17. [Acute myocarditis].

    Combes, Alain

    2013-05-01

    Myocarditis is defined as inflammation of the myocardium accompanied by myocellular necrosis. Acute myocarditis must be considered in patients who present with recent onset of cardiac failure or arrhythmia. Fulminant myocarditis is a distinct entity characterized by sudden onset of severe congestive heart failure or cardiogenic shock, usually following a flu-like illness, parvovirus B19, human herpesvirus 6, coxsackievirus and adenovirus being the most frequently viruses responsible for the disease. Treatment of myocarditis remains largely supportive, since immunosuppression has not been proven to be beneficial for acute lymphocytic myocarditis. Trials of antiviral therapies, or immunostimulants such as interferons, suggest a potential therapeutic role but require further investigation. Lastly, early recognition of patients rapidly progressing to refractory cardiac failure and their immediate transfer to a medical-surgical center experienced in mechanical circulatory support is warranted. In this setting, ECMO should be the first-line mechanical assistance. For highly unstable patients, a Mobile Cardiac Assistance Unit, that rapidly travels to primary care hospitals with a portable ECMO system and hooks it up before refractory multiorgan failure takes hold, is the preferred option. PMID:23789482

  18. The suitability of some blood gas and biochemical parameters as diagnostic tools or early indicators of ascites syndrome in broiler sire lines.

    Hasanpur, K; Nassiri, M R; Hosseini Salekdeh, G; Vaez Torshizi, R; Pakdel, A; Kermanshahi, H; Naghous, M

    2016-06-01

    In recent few years, there have been some attempts to find a reliable indicator trait as a selection criterion against susceptibility to ascites syndrome (AS). Blood parameters were of great interest as they could be measured in live animals without implementing an ascites-inducing challenge (AIC). In this work, the suitability of some blood parameters was evaluated for diagnosing AS-susceptible chicks in later steps of the disease in trial 1 as well as their early predictive ability in trial 2. In the first trial, one hundred 1-day-old chicks from two pure broiler lines namely S1 and S2 and, in the second trial, 226 1-day-old chicks from line S2 were subjected to AIC. Saline drinking water (1200 mg/l) and lower-than-standard ambient temperatures were the implemented AICs in trials 1 and 2 respectively. The blood parameters including pH, partial pressure of O2 (pO2 ), partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2 ), bicarbonate ion concentration (BIC), percentage of haematocrit (HCT) and saturated haemoglobin (SaO2 ) were measured twice per each bird at days 28 and 35 in trial 1 and once in trial 2 at day 21. The results of the first trial revealed that in line S2 some of the blood parameters differed significantly between the ascitic and non-ascitic groups following exposure to AIC. In this line, the incidence of AS was accompanied by a lower pO2 , SaO2 and BIC, while with higher pCO2 and HCT values. In the second trial, however, although almost all of the parameters showed meaningful differences between the ascitic and non-ascitic broilers, only mean difference of BIC parameter was statistically significant. The general conclusion of this study is that the blood parameters can somewhat have diagnostic ability in the condition in which the AIC is already present, whereas the results did not approve their usefulness as early predictors of AS. PMID:26608233

  19. RECURRENT SEASONAL ACUTE PSYCHOSIS

    Agarwal, Vivek

    1999-01-01

    Acute psychoses have been reported to occur more frequently in summer. This is a report of seasonal recurrence of acute psychosis in a patient. This case report emphasizes towards the biological etiology of acute psychoses.

  20. Acute cerebellar ataxia

    Cerebellar ataxia; Ataxia - acute cerebellar; Cerebellitis; Post-varicella acute cerebellar ataxia; PVACA ... Acute cerebellar ataxia in children, especially younger than age 3, may occur several weeks after an illness caused by a virus. ...

  1. Improvement of cold resistance and performance of broilers by acute cold exposure during late embryogenesis.

    Shinder, D; Ruzal, M; Giloh, M; Druyan, S; Piestun, Y; Yahav, S

    2011-03-01

    The aim of this study was to fine-tune previous acute cold exposure treatments of broiler embryos during late embryogenesis to improve lifelong cold resistance and performance. Six hundred Cobb hatching eggs were incubated under standard conditions and then exposed to 3 treatments: control; cold treatment in which embryos were exposed to 15°C for 30 min on d 18 and 19 of incubation (30 × 2); and cold treatment similar to 30 × 2 but with 60-min exposures (60 × 2). Egg shell temperature (T(egg)) and heart rate (HR) were monitored pre- and posttreatment. Upon hatching, hatchability, body weight, and body temperature were recorded. From 14 to 35 d of age, three quarters of the chickens in each treatment were raised under ascites-inducing conditions (AIC) and the remaining birds were raised under standard brooding conditions (SBC). The T(egg) and HR decreased significantly in response to increased exposure time on d 18 of incubation. On d 19 of incubation, before the second cold exposure, the 30 × 2 group showed greater T(egg) and HR than the controls, and during the second exposure they maintained these parameters better than the 60 × 2 embryos. No treatment effect on hatchability was observed. At 35 d of age ascites incidence among 30 × 2 chickens under AIC was significantly less than that among the controls (P ascites incidence and improved growth rate under either SBC or AIC. These results may be related to a prenatal epigenetic adaptation of the thermoregulatory and cardiovascular systems to low ambient temperature. PMID:21325235

  2. Effect of repetitive acute cold exposures during the last phase of broiler embryogenesis on cold resistance through the life span.

    Shinder, D; Rusal, M; Giloh, M; Yahav, S

    2009-03-01

    The time just before hatch is critical, because the embryo shifts toward internal and external pipping. This study aimed to determine the beneficial effect of repeated acute reductions of the incubation temperature during the last phase of broiler embryogenesis on posthatch cold tolerance and on the development of ascites syndrome. Fertile eggs were incubated at 37.8 degrees C and 56% RH. At 18 and 19 d of incubation, 3 treatments were conducted, comprising 2 or 3 exposures to 15 degrees C for 30 or 60 min each. During these cold exposures, egg temperature was measured by infrared thermography to determine sensible heat loss from the eggs. At hatch, BW and body temperature were measured. At 3 and 14 d of age, chicks were challenged by cold exposure to 10 degrees C for 3 h. From 14 d of age onward, three-quarters of the chicks were raised under ascites-inducing conditions (AIC) and the others were raised under regular conditions. The sensible heat loss from the eggs was 512 +/- 66 cal and 718 +/- 126 cal for 30 and 60 min of cold exposure, respectively. No effect of treatment on hatchability was observed, but body temperature and BW were greater to significantly greater in the treated chicks. Cold challenges at 3 and 14 d of age revealed a relative thermoregulatory advantage of embryos exposed to cold for 60 min. Under AIC, fewer treated chickens than controls developed ascites. At 38 d of age, BW and relative breast muscle weight were numerically to significantly greater in the treated chicks than in the control chicks when both were raised under regular conditions, whereas no differences were observed among the chicks raised under AIC. Repeated brief acute cold exposures during the last phase of embryogenesis appeared to improve the ability of growing broilers to withstand low ambient temperatures during their life span. Moreover, chickens treated during embryogenesis improved their performance under regular growth conditions. PMID:19211536

  3. Acute Myopericarditis Mimicking Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Seval İzdeş; Neriman Defne Altıntaş; Gülin Karaaslan; Recep Uygun; Abdulkadir But

    2011-01-01

    Acute coronary syndromes among young adults are relatively low when compared with older population in the intensive care unit. Electrocardiographic abnormalities mimicking acute coronary syndromes may be caused by non-coronary syndromes and the differential diagnosis requires a detailed evaluation. We are reporting a case of myopericarditis presenting with acute ST elevation and elevated cardiac enzymes simulating acute coronary syndrome. In this case report, the literature is reviewed to dis...

  4. Phyllanthus amarus inhibits cell growth and induces apoptosis in Dalton's lymphoma ascites cells through activation of caspase-3 and downregulation of Bcl-2.

    Harikumar, Kuzhuvelil B; Kuttan, Girija; Kuttan, Ramadasan

    2009-06-01

    The authors found in an earlier study that Phyllanthus amarus extract could significantly inhibit the solid and ascites tumor development in mice induced by Dalton's lymphoma ascites (DLA) cells. In the present study, the apoptotic effects of P. amarus against DLA cells in culture was evaluated. P. amarus produced significant reduction in cell viability as determined by the MTT assay. It also induces the formation of apoptotic bodies with characteristic features like plasma membrane invagination, elongation, fragmentation, and chromatin condensation. P. amarus at concentrations of 100 and 200 microg/mL is shown to induce DNA fragmentation. Gene expression analysis reveals that P. amarus induces the expression of caspase-3 and inhibits the expression of Bcl-2, which is an antiapoptotic protein. So the present study provides some insights into the possible mechanism by which P. amarus brings about apoptosis and growth inhibition in DLA cells. PMID:19223368

  5. Application of a low-angle light scattering technique to cell volume and cell signaling studies on Ehrlich ascite tumor cells

    Zinchenko, Valeriy P.; Lee, Vyacheslav V.; Berezhnov, Alexey V.; Mindukshev, Igor V.; Jenkins, Richard O; Goncharov, Nikolay V.

    2006-01-01

    A method for studying cells based on low-angle light scattering was applied to cell volume and cell signaling studies on Ehrlich ascite tumor cells (EATC). Changes in the volume of EATC were measured in hypotonic medium, as well as after activation with exogenous ATP, ionomycin and thimerosal. Increase of [Ca2+]i under ATP and ionomycin action induced reversible changes of cell volume: fast shrinking was followed by swelling. Thimerosal caused a reversible change in EATC volume with high ampl...

  6. Large Scale Generation and Characterization of Anti-Human IgA Monoclonal Antibody in Ascitic Fluid of Balb/c Mice

    Fatemeh Ezzatifar

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Monoclonal antibodies are potentially powerful tools used in biomedical research, diagnosis, and treatment of infectious diseases and cancers. The monoclonal antibody against Human IgA can be used as a diagnostic application to detect infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to improve an appropriate protocol for large-scale production of mAbs against IgA. Methods: For large-scale production of the monoclonal antibody, hybridoma cells that produce monoclonal antibodies against Human IgA were injected intraperitoneally into Balb/c mice that were previously primed with 0.5 ml Pristane. After ten days, ascitic fluid was harvested from the peritoneum of each mouse. The ELISA method was carried out for evaluation of the titration of produced mAbs. The ascitic fluid was investigated in terms of class and subclass by a mouse mAb isotyping kit. MAb was purified from the ascitic fluid by ion exchange chromatography. The purity of the monoclonal antibody was confirmed by SDS-PAGE, and the purified monoclonal antibody was conjugated with HRP. Results: Monoclonal antibodies with high specificity and sensitivity against Human IgA were prepared by hybridoma technology. The subclass of antibody was IgG1 and its light chain was the kappa type. Conclusion: This conjugated monoclonal antibody could have applications in designing ELISA kits in order to diagnose different infectious diseases such as toxoplasmosis and H. Pylori.

  7. Large Scale Generation and Characterization of Anti-Human IgA Monoclonal Antibody in Ascitic Fluid of Balb/c Mice

    Ezzatifar, Fatemeh; Majidi, Jafar; Baradaran, Behzad; Aghebati Maleki, Leili; Abdolalizadeh, Jalal; Yousefi, Mehdi

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Monoclonal antibodies are potentially powerful tools used in biomedical research, diagnosis, and treatment of infectious diseases and cancers. The monoclonal antibody against Human IgA can be used as a diagnostic application to detect infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to improve an appropriate protocol for large-scale production of mAbs against IgA. Methods: For large-scale production of the monoclonal antibody, hybridoma cells that produce monoclonal antibodies against Human IgA were injected intraperitoneally into Balb/c mice that were previously primed with 0.5 ml Pristane. After ten days, ascitic fluid was harvested from the peritoneum of each mouse. The ELISA method was carried out for evaluation of the titration of produced mAbs. The ascitic fluid was investigated in terms of class and subclass by a mouse mAb isotyping kit. MAb was purified from the ascitic fluid by ion exchange chromatography. The purity of the monoclonal antibody was confirmed by SDS-PAGE, and the purified monoclonal antibody was conjugated with HRP. Results: Monoclonal antibodies with high specificity and sensitivity against Human IgA were prepared by hybridoma technology. The subclass of antibody was IgG1 and its light chain was the kappa type. Conclusion: This conjugated monoclonal antibody could have applications in designing ELISA kits in order to diagnose different infectious diseases such as toxoplasmosis and H. Pylori. PMID:25789225

  8. Oxidative Stress and Nuclear Factor κB (NF-κB) Increase Peritoneal Filtration and Contribute to Ascites Formation in Nephrotic Syndrome.

    Udwan, Khalil; Brideau, Gaëlle; Fila, Marc; Edwards, Aurélie; Vogt, Bruno; Doucet, Alain

    2016-05-20

    Water accumulation in the interstitium (edema) and the peritoneum (ascites) of nephrotic patients is classically thought to stem from the prevailing low plasma albumin concentration and the decreased transcapillary oncotic pressure gradient. However, several clinical and experimental observations suggest that it might also stem from changes in capillary permeability. We addressed this hypothesis by studying the peritoneum permeability of rats with puromycin aminonucleoside-induced nephrotic syndrome. The peritoneum of puromycin aminonucleoside rats displayed an increase in the water filtration coefficient of paracellular and transcellular pathways, and a decrease in the reflection coefficient to proteins. It also displayed oxidative stress and subsequent activation of NF-κB. Scavenging of reactive oxygen species and inhibition of NF-κB prevented the changes in the water permeability and reflection coefficient to proteins and reduced the volume of ascites by over 50%. Changes in water permeability were associated with the overexpression of the water channel aquaporin 1, which was prevented by reactive oxygen species scavenging and inhibition of NF-κB. In conclusion, nephrotic syndrome is associated with an increased filtration coefficient of the peritoneum and a decreased reflection coefficient to proteins. These changes, which account for over half of ascite volume, are triggered by oxidative stress and subsequent activation of NF-κB. PMID:27033704

  9. Acute abdomen

    The book first presents the anatomy and physiology of the abdomen and continues with chapters discussing clinical and laboratory aspects and a suitable order of diagnostic examinations with reference to the acute processes, explaining the diagnostic tools: ultrasonography, radiography including angiography and CT, tapping techniques and endoscopy together with their basic principles, examination techniques, and diagnosis. One chapter presents a complete survey of the processes involving the entire abdomen - as e.g. peritonitis, ileus, abdominal trauma, intraperitoneal hemorrage. This chapter profoundly discusses the diagnostics and therapies including emergency measures and surgery. Problems requiring consultation among varous specialists, in internal medicine, gynecology, urology, or pediatrics, are discussed in great detail. Information for the anesthetist is given for cases of emergency. More than one third of the book is devoted to organ-specific information, dicussing the pathogenesis, diagnostics, and therapy of the oesophagus, stomach, large and small intestine, bile ducts, pankreas, liver, spleen, and the abdominal vessels and the abdominal wall. (orig.) With 153 figs., 90 tabs

  10. Acute pancreatitis

    A prospective study was performed on the relationship of CT findings to the clinical course of 148 patients with acute pancreatitis. The type of pancreatic inflammation seen on CT was classified into six categories based on an overall assessment of size, contour and density of the gland, and peripancreatic abnormalities. The majority (94%) of patients in whom CT showed mild pancreatic changes (grades A, B and C) had two or less positive clinical indicaters of severe pancreatitis (Ranson's signs). In contrast, 92% of patients in whom CT showed more severe changes of pancreatitis (grades D, E or F) had three or more positive signs. The nine patients who died with pancreatitis-related complications were in grades D, E or F. We wish to draw attention to a CT appearance which we have called 'fat islets' (low density intrapancreatic or peripancreatic areas, the contents of which approach fat in attenuation values); there was a strong correlation between this appearance and subsequent infection. (author). 24 refs.; 7 figs.; 4 tabs

  11. Acute liver failure due to natural killer-like T-cell leukemia/lymphoma: A case report and review of the Literature

    Evan S Dellon; Shannon R Morris; Wozhan Tang; Cherie H Dunphy; Mark W Russo

    2006-01-01

    Acute liver failure (ALF) is a medical emergency requiring immediate evaluation for liver transplantation. We describe an unusual case of a patient who presented with ascites, jaundice, and encephalopathy and was found to have ALF due to natural killer (NK)-like T cell leukemia/lymphoma. The key immunophenotype was CD2+, CD3+, CD7+, CD56+. This diagnosis, which was based on findings in the peripheral blood and ascitic fluid, was confirmed with liver biopsy, and was a contraindication to liver transplantation. A review of the literature shows that hematologic malignancies are an uncommon cause of fulminant hepatic failure, and that NK-like T-cell leukemia/lymphoma is a relatively recently recognized entity which is characteristically CD3+ and CD56+. This case demonstrates that liver biopsy is essential in diagnosing unusual causes of acute liver failure, and that infiltration of the liver with NK-like T-cell lymphoma/leukemia can cause acute liver failure.

  12. Effects of Dietary L-carnitine Supplementation on Growth Performance, Organ Weight, Biochemical Parameters and Ascites Susceptibility in Broilers Reared Under Low-temperature Environment.

    Wang, Y W; Ning, D; Peng, Y Z; Guo, Y M

    2013-02-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of L-carnitine on growth performance, organ weight, biochemical parameters of blood, heart and liver, and ascites susceptibility of broilers at different ages reared under a low-temperature environment. A total of 420 1-d-old male Ross 308 broilers were randomly assigned to two dietary treatments with fifteen replicates of fourteen broilers each. Treatment diets consisted of L-carnitine supplementation at levels of 0 and 100 mg/kg. At 11-d of age, low temperature stress was used to increase ascites susceptibility. Blood, heart and liver samples were collected at different ages for analysis of boichemical parameters. The results showed that, there was no significant difference in growth performance with L-carnitine supplementation, but the mortality due to ascites was significantly decreased. Dietary L-carnitine supplementation significantly reduced heart index (HI) and ascites heart index (AHI) on d 21, lung index (LUI) on d 35 and liver index (LI) on d 42. The broilers fed diets containing L-carnitine had significantly lower red blood cell counts (RBC), hemoglobin (HGB) concentration and hematocrit (HCT) on d 42. Dietary L-carnitine supplementation significantly reduced malondialdehyde (MDA) content of heart tissue on d 21 and 35, and significantly increased total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD) and Glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity of the heart on d 21 and 42. L-carnitine supplementation significantly reduced serum triglyceride (TG) content on d 28 and 35 and serum glucose (GLU) on d 35 and 42, and significantly increased serum total protein (TP) and globulin (GLO) content on d 42. L-carnitine supplementation significantly enhanced liver succinodehydrogenase (SDH), malic dehydrogenase (MDH) and Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity on d 28, and tended to reduce the lactic acid (LD) level of liver on d 35 (p = 0.06). L-carnitine supplementation significantly reduced serum uric acid (UA) content on d 28, 35 and 42

  13. Antitumor and apoptosis promoting properties of atorvastatin, an inhibitor of HMG-CoA reductase, against Dalton's Lymphoma Ascites tumor in mice.

    Ajith, Thekkoottuparambil Ananthanarayanan; Anu, Vijayan; Riji, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    Epidemiological and experimental data indicate that high body fat or high dietary fat can be ascribed to the induction of human cancers. Increased level of products of lipid peroxidation and cholesterol-enriched lipid domains in the plasma membrane can favorthe malignant transformation of cells. An effective chemopreventive agent with hypolipaedemic effect will be worthwhile to intervene early in the process of carcinogenesis to eliminate the pre-malignant cells. Apoptotic promoting and antitumor activities of a HMG-Co A reductase inhibitor, atorvatstain were investigated. The antitumor activity was evaluated using Daltons' Lymphoma Ascites (DLA) cell line transplanted ascites tumor model in mice. Proapoptotic activity was evaluated in DLA cell line induced ascites animals after the treatment of atorvastatin (4 and 16 mg/kg, i.p). Apoptosis was analyzed morphologically by staining with giemsa and biochemically by observing the laddering of DNA in agarose gel electrophoresis. In vitro short term cytotoxic activity of atorvatstain was studied by trypan blue dye exclusion method. Doxorubicin was used as the reference standard. Atorvastatin significantly (P growth at 16 mg/kg body wt (i.p). The percent increase in life span (%ILS) in the 16 mg/kg treated group was 41.1%. Single dose of atorvastatin (16 mg/kg body wt) was also effective to promote the apoptosis of DLA cells in the ascites tumor bearing mice that was evident from the multiple fragmentation of DNA in agarose gel electrophoresis. Further the morphological analysis of DLA cells aspirated from the atorvastatin treated ascites tumor bearing animals showed 36.34 +/- 6.78% apoptotic cells compared to the control animals (10.50 +/- 3.53%). Concentration of atorvastatin required for the 50% of the cytotoxicity was 30 +/- 2 microg/ml. Results of the study concluded that the antitumor activity of atorvastatin may be due to its proapoptotic and cytotoxic activities. These pleiotropic activities of the hypolipedaemic

  14. Effect of plumbagin on the radiation induced cytogenetic and cell cycle changes in mouse Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in vivo

    The effect of plumbagin, a naphthoquinone from the roots of the Indian medicinal plant Plumbago rosea, and cobalt-60 gamma radiation was studied on Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in vivo, taking cytogenetic damage and cell cycle changes as experimental endpoints. Plumbagin (5 mg/kg body wt, Pl) administered intraperitoneally produced a significant increase in the percentage of S-phase as well as G2-M cells with a corresponding decrease in the G1 phase at different post-treatment times. Radiation (7.5 Gy, RT) alone produced the classical G2 block at 1 hr, which persisted with a continuous increase throughout the post-treatment observation period. The combination treatment produced a similar effect as that of RT on G2-M cells, but its effect on the G1 phase was more pronounced than the latter. While Pl treatment produced a small increase in the percentage of labelled S-phase cells, combination treatment significantly reduced the labelled S-phase cells with a corresponding increase in the unlabelled fraction. Drug or radiation alone significantly increased micronuclei induction at various post-treatment times and the combination of the two further enhanced this effect additively. The mechanism of interaction of Pl with radiation in bringing about this effect is not clear. (author)

  15. The Development of an Angiogenic Protein "Signature" in Ovarian Cancer Ascites as a Tool for Biologic and Prognostic Profiling.

    Trachana, Sofia-Paraskevi; Pilalis, Eleftherios; Gavalas, Nikos G; Tzannis, Kimon; Papadodima, Olga; Liontos, Michalis; Rodolakis, Alexandros; Vlachos, Georgios; Thomakos, Nikolaos; Haidopoulos, Dimitrios; Lykka, Maria; Koutsoukos, Konstantinos; Kostouros, Efthimios; Terpos, Evagelos; Chatziioannou, Aristotelis; Dimopoulos, Meletios-Athanasios; Bamias, Aristotelis

    2016-01-01

    Advanced ovarian cancer (AOC) is one of the leading lethal gynecological cancers in developed countries. Based on the important role of angiogenesis in ovarian cancer oncogenesis and expansion, we hypothesized that the development of an "angiogenic signature" might be helpful in prediction of prognosis and efficacy of anti-angiogenic therapies in this disease. Sixty-nine samples of ascitic fluid- 35 from platinum sensitive and 34 from platinum resistant patients managed with cytoreductive surgery and 1st-line carboplatin-based chemotherapy- were analyzed using the Proteome ProfilerTM Human Angiogenesis Array Kit, screening for the presence of 55 soluble angiogenesis-related factors. A protein profile based on the expression of a subset of 25 factors could accurately separate resistant from sensitive patients with a success rate of approximately 90%. The protein profile corresponding to the "sensitive" subset was associated with significantly longer PFS (8 [95% Confidence Interval {CI}: 8-9] vs. 20 months [95% CI: 15-28]; Hazard ratio {HR}: 8.3, pAOC, which can be used, after appropriate validation, as a prognostic marker and a tool for selection for anti-angiogenic therapies. PMID:27258020

  16. Ultrastructural changes produced in Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells by ultraviolet-visible radiation in the presence of melanins

    Lea, P.J.; Pawlowski, A.; Persad, S.D.; Menon, I.A.; Haberman, H.F.

    1988-01-01

    Irradiation of Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) cells in the presence of pheomelanin, i.e., red hair melanin (RHM), has been reported to produce extensive cell lysis. Irradiation in the presence of eumelanin, i.e., black hair melanin (BHM), or irradiation in the absence of either type of melanin did not produce this effect. We observed that RHM particles penetrated the cell membrane without apparent structural damage to the cell or the cell membrane. Irradiation of the cells in the absence of melanin did not produce any changes in the ultrastructure of the cells. Incubation of the cells in the dark in the presence of RHM produced only minor structural, mainly cytoplasmic changes. Irradiation of the cells in the presence of RHM produced extensive ultrastructural changes prior to complete cell lysis; these changes were more severe than the effects of incubation of the cells in the dark in the presence of RHM. When the cells incubated in the dark or irradiated in the presence of latex particles or either one of the eumelanins particles, viz. BHM or synthetic dopa melanin, these particles did not penetrate into the cells or produce any ultrastructural changes. These particles were in fact not even ingested by the cells.

  17. Glucose uptake-stimulatory activity of Tinospora cordifolia stem extracts in Ehrlich ascites tumor cell model system.

    Joladarashi, Darukeshwara; Chilkunda, Nandini D; Salimath, Paramahans Veerayya

    2014-01-01

    Diabetes mellitus is a multifunctional disorder with several causes and multiple consequences. Nutraceuticals play a vital role in ameliorating diabetic condition. The stems of the plant, Tinospora cordifolia (T. cordifolia) are often used in Ayurvedic medicine for the management of diabetes. Earlier studies have shown that T. cordifolia to be a potent antidiabetic plant material by virtue of being rich in nutraceuticals. In the present study we were interested to know if, T. cordifolia stem extracts are able to promote glucose uptake through glucose transporters, 1 (GLUT1) and 3 (GLUT3), which are responsible for basal glucose uptake. Hence, Ehrlich ascites tumor (EAT) cells were chosen as a model which harbours both GLUT1 and GLUT3 and glucose uptake was measured using a fluorescent analog 2-[N-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)amino]-2-deoxy-D-glucose (2-NBDG). Serially, solvent extracted T. cordifolia stems, especially water, ethanol and methanol extracts showed glucose uptake activity. Uptake was stimulated in a dose dependent manner at dosages of 1-100 μg. Glucose-stimulating activity does not seem to be solely due to polyphenol content since methanol extract, with high amount of polyphenol content (9.5 ± 0.1 g kg(-1)), did not stimulate higher glucose uptake activity when compared to water extract. PMID:24426067

  18. Evaluation of antitumor activity and antioxidant status of Alternanthera brasiliana against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma in Swiss albino mice

    Pavan Kumar Samudrala

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective : The main objective of the present study was to explore the antitumor activity of the ethyl acetate extract of the Alternanthera brasiliana (EAAB and its antioxidant status against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC in Swiss albino mice. Materials and Methods: Based on the preliminary in vitro cytotoxicity studies, EAAB was selected for anti-tumor and antioxidant effects. Anticancer activity of EAAB was evaluated against EAC in Swiss albino mice at the doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg. EAAB was administered for 14 consecutive days after induction of cancer. After 24 h of the last dose and 18 h of fasting, half of the mice were sacrificed and rest were kept alive for assessing any increase in life span. The antitumor effect of EAAB was assessed by evaluating tumor volume, viable and nonviable tumor cell count, tumor weight, hematological and biochemical parameters of EAC bearing host. Furthermore, the antioxidant and histopathological parameters were evaluated. Results: EAAB treatment has shown significant decrease in tumor volume, viable cell count, tumor weight and elevated the life span of EAC tumor bearing mice in a dose dependent manner. In hematological profile count of RBC, hemoglobin, and WBC were found reverted to normal. EAAB also significantly decreased the levels of lipid peroxidation and significantly increased the levels of GSH, SOD and Catalase. Conclusion: From the above results it may be concluded that EAAB has potent dose dependent antitumor activity and is comparable to that of 5-flourouracil.

  19. Effects of ascites syndrome in broilers on their growth performances and the availability of energy and nutrients

    SUN Bin; ZHANG Keying; ZENG Qiufeng; WANG Cairong

    2007-01-01

    An experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of ascites syndrome (AS) on the growth performance and availability of dietary energy and nutrients in broilers.One hundred and twenty one-day-old avian broilers were randomly allotted into two groups (control group and test group)with six replications of ten birds.In the test group,the addition of 3,3,5-triiodothyronine (T3,1.5 mg/kg diet) and low ambient temperature (LAT) were used to induce AS.Results showed that T3 and LAT could successfully induce AS in broilers with an incidence rate of 66.7% and a mortality rate of 23.3%.Compared with the control,the bird growth performance of the test group was decreased (P<0.05) and heart index was increased (P<0.05).For the test group,the availability of dietary energy (P<0.01),crude fat (P<0.01),crude protein (P<0.05),and most amino acids in the second week were lower compared with the control group.Results showed that the low availability of energy and nutrients and the poor growth resulted from the high AS incidence rate.

  20. Ultrastructural changes produced in Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells by ultraviolet-visible radiation in the presence of melanins

    Irradiation of Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) cells in the presence of pheomelanin, i.e., red hair melanin (RHM), has been reported to produce extensive cell lysis. Irradiation in the presence of eumelanin, i.e., black hair melanin (BHM), or irradiation in the absence of either type of melanin did not produce this effect. We observed that RHM particles penetrated the cell membrane without apparent structural damage to the cell or the cell membrane. Irradiation of the cells in the absence of melanin did not produce any changes in the ultrastructure of the cells. Incubation of the cells in the dark in the presence of RHM produced only minor structural, mainly cytoplasmic changes. Irradiation of the cells in the presence of RHM produced extensive ultrastructural changes prior to complete cell lysis; these changes were more severe than the effects of incubation of the cells in the dark in the presence of RHM. When the cells incubated in the dark or irradiated in the presence of latex particles or either one of the eumelanins particles, viz. BHM or synthetic dopa melanin, these particles did not penetrate into the cells or produce any ultrastructural changes. These particles were in fact not even ingested by the cells

  1. Differential effects of immunosuppressants and antibiotics on human monoclonal antibody production in SCID mouse ascites by five heterohybridomas.

    Yoshinari, K; Arai, K

    1998-02-01

    SCID mice were inoculated with five human-mouse heterohybridomas derived by fusion of human lymph node lymphocytes from lung cancer patients with murine myeloma cells or human-mouse heteromyeloma cells, and the production of their human monoclonal antibodies (MAb) in the mouse ascites was investigated. In a comparison of the effects of pretreatment by i.p. (intraperitoneal) injection of pristane and anti-asialo GM1 serum on the antibody production of three of the hybridomas, pristane pretreatment resulted in substantial antibody production by all three, and pretreatment with anti-asialo GM1 serum resulted in similar or slightly lower levels of antibody production by two of the hybridomas but none by the third. In a second series of experiments using four of the hybridomas with pristane pretreatment, the co-injection of either penicillin G and streptomycin or kanamycin together with the hybridoma at the time of i.p. inoculation resulted in enhanced MAb production by the two heterohybridomas that had been propagated in medium containing hypoxanthine-aminopterin-thymidine (HAT) but not by the two that had been propagated in HAT-free medium. PMID:9523236

  2. Blood volume increase in salt-induced pulmonary hypertension, heart failure and ascites in broiler and White Leghorn chickens.

    Mirsalimi, S M; O'Brien, P J; Julian, R J

    1993-01-01

    In this study we tested the hypothesis that excess dietary salt produces an expansion of extracellular fluid volume which may be associated with pulmonary hypertension-induced right ventricular failure in chickens with rapid growth rates. One-week-old broiler and White Leghorn chickens were given 0.5% salt in their drinking water for three weeks. Saline water had a minimal effect on White Leghorns. The hypothesis appears to be correct since salt-treatment in broilers resulted in up to 30% expansion in blood volume and there was 50% mortality from pulmonary hypertension-induced right ventricular failure and ascites. There was marked (up to 88% in some broilers) right ventricular hypertrophy, an indicator of pulmonary hypertension. There was less left ventricular hypertrophy as shown by an increase in the ratio of the right to total ventricle weight. There was up to 32% decrease in growth rate. There was renal hypertrophy in the salt-treated birds as shown by a higher kidney to body weight ratio. PMID:8490804

  3. Prophylactic action of lipoic acid on oxidative stress and growth performance in broilers at risk of developing ascites syndrome.

    Díaz-Cruz, Antonio; Serret, Maurilio; Ramírez, Guadalupe; Avila, Ernesto; Guinzberg, Raquel; Piña, Enrique

    2003-12-01

    The objective of this study was to assess the effects of dietary supplementation with lipoic acid (LA) on broilers maintained at 2235 m above sea level with high risk to develop ascites syndrome (AS). A total of 2040 chicks were fed under commercial conditions with water and specific diets ad libitum during 7 weeks in two consecutive experiments. Mortality and indicators of performance and oxidative stress were compared weekly in broilers fed a basal diet plus 0, 10, 20, or 40 parts/10(6) LA. The effects of LA at 40 parts/10(6) were also studied during the initial 3 weeks or the last 4 weeks of the production cycle. Diets supplemented with 40 parts/10(6) of LA during 7 weeks significantly improved feed conversion, decreased general mortality and mortality attributable to AS, and lowered thiobarbituric acid reactive substances and hydroxyl radicals in liver, and increased total glutathione pool. Smaller doses or shorter periods of exposure to LA were partially effective. In conclusion, LA under our experimental conditions has a prophylactic action in broilers with high risk to develop AS due to oxygen availability limitation. PMID:14676017

  4. Characterization of naturally acquired multiple-drug resistance of Yoshida rat ascites hepatoma AH66 cell line.

    Miyamoto, K; Wakabayashi, D; Minamino, T; Nomura, M; Wakusawa, S; Nakamura, S

    1996-01-01

    Characteristics of multiple-drug resistance of rat ascites hepatoma AH66, a cell line induced by dimethylaminoazobenzene and established as a transplantable tumor, were compared with those of AH66F, a drug sensitive line obtained from AH66. The AH66 cell line was resistant to vinblastine, adriamycin, SN-38 an active form of camptothesine, etoposide, and clorambucil by 10-fold or more than the AH66F cell line. The resistance of AH66 cells to vinblastine, adriamycin, and SN-38 was closely related to P-glycoprotein overexpression in the plasma membrane, because the resistance was significantly inhibited by verapamil. AH66 cells contained much glutahione and had a high activity of glutathione S-transferase P-form (GST-P), compared with AH66F cells, and resistance to clorambucil was decreased by treatment with buthionine sulfoximine, an inhibitor of glutathione synthesis. AH66 cells have a similar topoisomerase I activity, but about 6 times lower topoisomerase II activity than AH66F cells. Therefore, the resistance to etoposide and a part of the resistance to adriamycin of AH66 cells seems to depend upon this low topoisomerase II activity. These results, show that the AH66 cell line has high multiple-drug resistance compared with the AH66F cell line, by several mechanisms. Consequently, the AH66 and AH66F cell lines are useful to study naturally acquired multiple-drug resistance of hepatomas. PMID:8702243

  5. 肉鸡腹水征的发病机理及其调控措施%Broiler Ascites: Pathogenesis and Regulatory Measures

    王永伟; 呙于明; 彭运智; 蔡虹

    2012-01-01

    腹水征的发生是遗传、营养、环境和饲养管理等多因素综合作用的结果.家禽育种者对肉鸡生长性状的高强度选育也给肉鸡带来解剖学和生理学的缺陷,对肉鸡的健康产生了负面影响.肉鸡快速生长时需氧量显著升高,而高的生长速度与氧气供需之间的不平衡,以及氧气供应功能的损伤刺激心血管等许多补偿机制的形成,最终引起腹水征的发生.肉鸡腹水征给肉鸡生产造成了严重的经济损失,因此,深入研究肉鸡腹水征的发病机理,进而采取有效的调控措施降低其发病率,对促进肉鸡产业的健康发展具有十分重要的意义.采用早期限饲、添加营养调控剂和加强饲养管理等措施可以有效地降低肉鸡腹水征的发生率.本文就肉鸡腹水征的影响因素、发病机理以及降低肉鸡腹水征发生的调控措施进行了综述.%Ascites is a multifactorial syndrome, which is caused by interactions among genetic, nutritional, en-vironmental and management factors. Forced selection for growth traits of chickens has resulted in some ana-tomical and physiological limitations, which have adverse effects on bird health. The fast growing broilers with a high metabolic rate need higher oxygen demand, but un-matching oxygen supply with rapid growth, and the impaired functions for oxygen supply stimulate the development of many compensatory mechanisms in cardiop-ulmonary systems, which, in turn, brings about ascites syndrome. Ascites causes important economic losses in poultry breeding industry. Therefore, further studying the pathogenesis of chicken ascites, and taking effective measures to reduce the ascites incidence are very important to the healthy development of chicken industry. Early feed restriction, supplementation of nutrition regulatory agents, and good management strategies can ef-fectively reduce the incidence of ascites. This article mainly summarized the influencing factors, pathogenesis

  6. Successful management of congenital chyloperitoneum with fibrin glue.

    Antao, Brice; Croaker, David; Squire, Roly

    2003-11-01

    Chylous ascites in children has been treated in a variety of ways, including a low-fat diet, medium chain triglycerides, diuretics, total parental nutrition, surgical exploration, and internal peritoneo-venous shunting. The authors describe a child with persistent congenital chyloperitoneum treated successfully with the application of fibrin glue and recommend this as an effective alternative to traditional approaches. PMID:14614734

  7. Síndrome ascítica em frangos de corte: uma revisão sobre a fisiologia, avaliação e perspectivas Ascitic syndrome in broiler chickens: a review about physiology, evaluation and perspectives

    Millor Fernandes do Rosário

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Os programas de melhoramento genético de frangos de corte que buscam máxima velocidade de ganho de peso, alta eficiência alimentar, alta viabilidade, maior rendimento de carcaça e menor deposição de gordura podem desencadear algumas síndromes fisiológicas, dentre as quais destacam-se o estresse calórico, a morte súbita e a ascite. A ascite se enquadra no conceito das síndromes multifatoriais, uma vez que sua manifestação ocorre quando certos fatores genéticos e ambientais atuam em conjunto determinando o processo. As limitações anatômica e fisiológica da circulação sanguínea nos pulmões provocam a síndrome de hipertensão pulmonar (PHS; esta pode provocar grande acúmulo de fluido na cavidade abdominal, quadro este denominado de ascite. Ocorre redução da eficiência da circulação sangüínea, levando as aves à morte por hipóxia, predominantemente no período entre 30 e 40 dias de idade. Uma vez desencadeado o processo ascítico, a ave dificilmente é aproveitada no abate já que a mesma restringe o consumo de alimento, ganhando menos peso. Adicionalmente, a carcaça apresenta aumento do volume da cavidade abdominal e conseqüente congestão dos órgãos internos. A descrição da fisiologia, medidas de avaliação e perspectivas são apresentadas neste trabalho.Poultry genetic breeding programs which look for maximum weight gain, improved feed conversion, high viability, high carcass yield and low fat deposition may cause some physiologic syndromes, for example caloric stress, sudden death and ascites. Ascites is framed in concept of the multifactorial syndromes, once its manifestation happens when certain genetic and environment factors act together, determining the process. Anatomical and physiological limitations in blood circulation in the lungs give rise to pulmonary hypertension syndrome (PHS, producing great fluid accumulation in abdominal cavity, which is denominated ascites. Ascites causes reduction of blood

  8. Role of Ethanol Extract of Bidens Pilosa L. Against Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma Bearing Mice Exposed to Gamma Radiation

    Bidens pilosa L. is one of the dominant families of plants contributing to medicinal species worldwide. The present study was performed to investigate the role of ethanolic extract of B. pilosa (BpE) against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC)-induced hepatic dysfunction in gamma irradiated mice. BpE was orally administered to mice for eight consecutive days at the dose of 250 mg/kg body weight (one day before and eight days after tumour inoculation). On the 3rd day of tumour inoculation, animals were exposed to whole body gamma radiation at dose of 6 Gy. The results obtained in the present study revealed that both EAC and/or gamma radiation induced liver biochemical and histopathological alterations. In vitro short term toxicity study, Bidens pilosa extract at different experimental dose levels increased the percentage of non-viable cell count. Gamma radiation and/or EAC induced oxidative stress, inflammation and biochemical alteration in liver function. The liver oxidative stress was manifested by increase in lipid peroxidation concomitant with decrease in glutathione and superoxide dismutase levels. Liver inflammation was manifested by increased levels of tumour necrosis factor-a (TNF-a), interlukin-2 (IL-2) and alteration in leukocyte count (LC). Biochemical alteration in liver function manifested by significant increase in liver transaminases (AST and ALT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH). Moreover, radiation and EAC induced liver oxidative stress and significant increase in caspase-3. In vivo studies showed that BpE restored the hepatic function profile in tumour bearing mice. Histopathological studies showed that EAC and radiation caused fatty degeneration, enlargement of liver cells nuclei and presence of necrosis. Treatment with BpE modulates most of the pathological alterations. It could be concluded that the hepato protective effect of BpE is related to its phyto chemical components, which were claimed to be the mechanism of hepatic protection.

  9. The Effects of Different Eggshell Temperatures Between Embryonic Day 10 and 18 on Broiler Performance and Susceptibility to Ascites

    A Ipek

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe aim of the current study was to determine the effects of low (33.3-36.7 ˚C, control (37.8-38.2 ˚C and high (38.9-40.0 ˚C eggshell temperatures (ESTs between days 10-18 of incubation on broiler performance and susceptibility to ascites. The effects of different ESTs on hatchling weight were significant. The highest residual yolk sac weight (7.7 g and relative yolk sac weight (18.7% were observed in high EST group, whereas the highest yolk-free body weight (36.22 g was obtained in the control group. Relative post-hatch heart weight was lower in the high EST group (0.64% compared with the control (0.84% and low (0.88% EST groups. At 6 weeks of age, body weights of broilers of the low, control, and high EST groups were 2172.6, 2543.9, 2282.6 g respectively. During the 6-week life span, the feed conversion ratio of broilers in the low (1.86 and high (1.83 EST groups was significantly worse than of those in the control EST group (1.68. Higher packed cell volume (PCV and red blood cell (RBC values were obtained in the high EST group relative to the other groups, whereas hemoglobin (Hb level was lower in the control group than in the others. The relative heart weights and right ventricular to total ventricular (RV:TV ratio for low, control, and high EST group were 0.46, 0.40, 0.37 g and 0.27, 0.28, 0.33% respectively. In conclusion, incubation length, yolk sac absorption, residual yolk sac weight, yolk-free BW, post-hatch performance, and heart, blood parameters, abdominal fluid accumulation at slaughter age are affected by changes in EST between incubation days 10 to 18.

  10. Integrative analysis of transcriptomic and metabolomic profiling of ascites syndrome in broiler chickens induced by low temperature.

    Shi, Shourong; Shen, Yiru; Zhao, Zhenhua; Hou, Zhuocheng; Yang, Ying; Zhou, Huaijun; Zou, Jianmin; Guo, Yuming

    2014-11-01

    Ascites syndrome (AS) still has an unacceptably high incidence rate in both humans and animals although there have been many studies on AS. To continue our previous pathological and biochemical investigation on the underlying mechanisms of AS incidence in broiler chickens, cutting-edge technologies including RNA-seq and metabolimics were used by directly comparing AS chickens and healthy controls. The RNA-seq analysis in the liver identified 390 differentially expressed genes (DEGs), among which 212 genes were up-regulated and 178 genes were down-regulated in the AS group compared to the control. For the down-regulated DEGs, further gene ontology (GO) analysis suggested that lipid metabolism, cell differentiation, enzyme linked receptor protein signaling pathway and steroid biosynthesis pathway were significantly enriched. For up-regulated DEGs, the cholesterol metabolic process has the lowest p value (0.000966) of fold enrichment while the cholesterol biosynthetic process has the highest fold enrichment (46.67). The metabolomic analysis of serum revealed statistically significant changes in the concentrations of LysoPC(20 : 4), LysoPC(16 : 0), LysoPC(18 : 0), LysoPC(18 : 1), LysoPC(18 : 2), PC(14 : 1/20 : 1), PC(20 : 4/18 : 0), PC(14 : 1/22 : 1), dihydroxyacetone, indoleacrylic acid, ursodeoxycholic acid, l-valine, and l-tryptophan. The integrative analysis of transcriptome and metabolome indicated that two biological pathways of tryptophan biosynthesis and metabolism, and glycerophospholipid metabolism may contribute to the induction of AS in broilers. These findings have provided novel insights into our understanding of molecular mechanisms of AS incidence in broilers. PMID:25178933

  11. Acute arterial occlusion - kidney

    ... arterial thrombosis; Renal artery embolism; Acute renal artery occlusion; Embolism - renal artery ... often result in permanent kidney failure. Acute arterial occlusion of the renal artery can occur after injury ...

  12. Acute Pancreatitis in Children

    ... a feeding tube or an IV to prevent malnutrition and improve healing. Does my child have to ... intestines. Can my child die from acute pancreatitis? Death from acute pancreatitis is quite rare in children– ...

  13. Activity of "nonspecific pancreatic carboxylesterase" in rat serum in experimentally induced acute pancreatitis (preliminary results).

    Kálmán, A; Kálmán, Z; Velösy, G; Vargha, G; Vargha, G; Papp, M

    1989-01-01

    The aim of this study was to obtain more information on the serum level of "nonspecific pancreatic carboxylesterase" (PCE) in experimentally induced acute pancreatitis in rats. The effects of caerulein stimulation, hepatic duct ligation, bile-pancreatic duct ligation or the effect of retrograde injection of saline, 5% taurocholate and sunflower oil were investigated. The activity of PCE and amylase was measured in the serum, pancreatic tissue, pancreatic juice and ascitic fluid. The changes in PCE activity were greater (both in directions to increase or decrease) than that of amylase, produced by different experimental procedures. The results confirm the thesis that the serum activity of PCE is a more sensitive diagnostic method than that of amylase to detect the inflammatory process in the pancreas or the effect of obstruction of the pancreatic duct. PMID:2480696

  14. Diagnosing and Treating Acute Bronchitis

    ... Lung Disease Lookup > Acute Bronchitis Diagnosing and Treating Acute Bronchitis It is important to get your questions about ... Symptoms that last a few weeks How Is Acute Bronchitis Diagnosed? Healthcare providers diagnose acute bronchitis by asking ...

  15. Incidência de ascite em diferentes categorias genéticas de frangos de corte alimentados com rações de alto nível energético Incidence of ascites on different genetic categories of broilers fed with high-energy diet

    Manoel Garcia Neto

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar a incidência de ascite em avós, matrizes e frangos de corte, de uma mesma linhagem comercial, alimentados com ração de alto nível energético, de um dia a 39 dias de idade. Todas as aves foram criadas como frangos de corte, recebendo ração ad libitum com 3.050 kcal/EM; foram utilizadas aves da linha fêmea e linha macho e frangos de corte. Um total de 2.700 aves foram usadas, alojadas ao acaso em um galpão experimental de 8x76 m, utilizando-se 27 boxes de 3x3,5 m, com 100 aves por divisão, sendo três repetições por tratamento, em esquema fatorial. A incidência de ascite não dependeu da categoria genética das aves.The objective of this work was to verify the incidence of ascites on grand parents, breeders and commercial broilers from the same genetic strain of birds, fed with high energy level ration, from the first day of age to 39 days old. All birds were grown as commercial broilers receiving a ration ad libitum with 3,050 kcal/ME; birds from female line, male line and commercial broilers were tested. A total of 2,700 birds were housed at random in a experimental facility of 8x76 m, with 27 compartments of 3x3.5 m each and 100 birds per division. A factorial design was used with three replications per treatment. The incidence of ascites was not dependent on genetic category.

  16. Efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided continuous hyperthermic intraperitoneal perfusion chemotherapy for the treatment of malignant ascites: a midterm study of 36 patients

    Wu YB

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Yinbing Wu,1,2 Mingxin Pan,1 Shuzhong Cui,2 Mingchen Ba,2 Zulong Chen,2 Qiang Ruan2 1Second Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, 2Treatment Center of Body Cavitary Thermo-Perfusion, Cancer Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China Background: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided continuous hyperthermic intraperitoneal perfusion chemotherapy (CHIPC for the treatment of malignant ascites (MA. Methods: Between July 2011 and June 2013, 36 MA patients were prospectively and consecutively hospitalized for three cycles of elective CHIPC under ultrasound guidance, maintained at a constant flow rate of 400–600 mL/min normal saline containing 5-fluorouracil plus mitomycin or carboplatin and at a constant temperature of 43°C±0.2°C, for 90 minutes. Main outcome measures were ascites resolution, Karnofsky performance status (KPS, and serum tumor biomarkers at 2 weeks after the last cycle of CHIPC. All the patients underwent uneventful CHIPC as scheduled, and vital signs remained stable over CHIPC. Results: At 2 weeks after the last cycle of CHIPC, MA completely and partially resolved in 26 (72.2% patients and eight (22.2% patients, respectively; mean KPS score increased from pretreatment 61±9 to posttreatment 76±9 (P<0.001, and serum carcinoembryonic antigen and carbohydrate antigens 12-5 and 19-9 significantly decreased (all P<0.01. Conclusion: The current study indicated that ultrasound-guided CHIPC is an effective and safe palliative treatment modality for MA with respect to MA resolution, patient’s general well-being, and systemic disease control. The long-term benefit of CHIPC on overall survival remains to be investigated in MA patients. Keywords: continuous hyperthermic intraperitoneal perfusion chemotherapy, malignant ascites, peritoneal carcinomatosis, ultrasound guidance, safety

  17. Suscetibilidade de linhagens de frangos de corte à síndrome ascítica Ascites syndrome effects in different commercial broilers

    Manoel Garcia Neto

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar a suscetibilidade à síndrome ascítica de machos e fêmeas em linhagens comerciais de frango de corte. Todas as aves receberam ração ad libitum com 3.050 kcal/ME. Foram comparadas as linhagens comerciais representadas pela Cobb, Hubbard e Ross, machos e fêmeas. O delineamento utilizado foi o inteiramente casualizado, em esquema fatorial. As aves foram aleatoriamente alojadas em um galpão experimental de 8x76 m, com 18 boxes de 3x3,5 m cada e 100 aves por divisão, num total de 1.800 aves. Os resultados revelaram que a incidência de ascite independe da linhagem comercial dos frangos de corte, entretanto, os machos foram mais suscetíveis.The objective of this work was to verify the incidence of ascites in males and females on commercial lines of broilers. All birds received ration ad libitum with 3,050 kcal/ME. The commercial lines Cobb, Hubbard and Ross, males and females, were compared. A factorial design was used with three replications per treatment. A total of 1,800 birds were housed at random in an experimental shed of 8x76 m, with 18 compartments of 3x3.5 m each and 100 birds per division. The results showed that the incidence of ascites was independent of the commercial broiler line, however, males were more susceptible.

  18. The effect of dietary sodium on right ventricular failure-induced ascites, gain and fat deposition in meat-type chickens.

    Julian, R J; Caston, L J; Leeson, S

    1992-01-01

    Experiments were carried out using various levels of sodium (Na+) from NaCl or NaHCO3 to determine: 1) the level of Na+ required to induce ascites alone or in combination with cold temperature and 2) the effect of Na+ on weight gain and fat deposition in broiler chickens. In experiment 1, there were no cases of ascites using levels of Na+, from NaCl at 0.14% to 0.44% in the feed from day 3 or using added Na+, from NaCl at 0.0% to 0.12% in the water from day 3 with a level of 0.14% in the feed. There was no significant difference in 21 or 42 day body weight, feed conversion, or right ventricle:total ventricle (RV:TV) ratio between treatment groups. Day 3 to 4 body weight gains were significantly increased in all treatment groups with added Na+ (p less than 0.01). In experiment 2, with levels of added Na+, from NaCl, at 0.0% to 0.12% in the water with a level of 0.20% in the feed there were two cases of ascites, one at day 7 and one at day 40 at the 0.12% level. There were no significant differences in body weight at days 21 or 42 or in the RV:TV ratios between groups. Feed conversions were improved (p less than 0.01) with the lowest and highest levels of Na+ and a significant increase in day 3 to 4 body weight gain, with increasing Na+ in all treatment groups, was observed.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:1423057

  19. The influence of X radiation on the proliferation kinetics of Ehrlich ascites tumors of different ploidy (in vivo investigations following 500 ROD)

    The proliferation kinetics following a single irradiation (500 ROD) was investigated in the following work in two Ehrlich ascites tumors of different ploidy (diploid EAT and tetraploidy ELT). The H3 thymidine availiblity time hardly changed after irradiation, it was about 40 minutes as in untreated control tumours. The H3 thymidine incorporation rate, in contrast, was in reduced both tumours by about 75% of the value for the untreated control tumour. The H3 labelling index did not greatly deviate from the control vlues. In the investigation of the cell cycle in the %-labelled mitosis test and with the double labelling method, both tumours exhibited distinctly different behaviour: Whilst the tetraploid exhibited no considerable extension of the S-phase and the generation time changed only slightly, the doploid EAT showed an ectension of S-phase and generation time of about the factor 2. In further tests, after irradiating both ascites tumours, all counting showed a clearly slower cell multiplication was found compared to the untreated control tumour. Whilst this was especially due to a strangly increasing dealth rate with ELT, it was more likely the longer generation time at merely moderate death rate which can be assumed as inhibiting the proliferation in the case of EAT sub(dipl). The mitosis index exhibited a depression of over 5 hours for EATsub(dipl) and of over 20 hours for ELT. Here too a different behaviour can be seen for both tumours after irradiation. As a whole, the results obtained for the different ploidy ascites tumours after X-radiation are to be considered as expression of the individuality of various tumour cell strains. (orig./MG)

  20. Metformin induced acute pancreatitis

    Alsubaie, Sadeem; Almalki, Mussa H.

    2013-01-01

    Acute pancreatitis frequently presents with abdomen pain but may presents with various skin manifestations as rash and rarely, pancreatic panniculitis. Metformin, one of the most effective and valuable oral hypoglycemic agents in the biguanide class was linked to acute pancreatitis in few cases. Here, we report a case of metformin induce acute pancreatitis in young healthy man with normal renal function.

  1. Acute mastoiditis in children

    Anthonsen, Kristian; Høstmark, Karianne; Hansen, Søren;

    2013-01-01

    Conservative treatment of acute otitis media may lead to more complications. This study evaluates changes in incidence, the clinical and microbiological findings, the complications and the outcome of acute mastoiditis in children in a country employing conservative guidelines in treating acute ot...

  2. Recurrent acute renal failure

    Satish, S.; Rajesh, R.; Kurian, G.; Seethalekshmi, N. V.; Unni, M.; Unni, V. N.

    2010-01-01

    While acute renal failure secondary to intravascular hemolysis is well described in hemolytic anemias, recurrent acute renal failure as the presenting manifestation of a hemolytic anemia is rare. We report a patient with recurrent acute renal failure who was found to have paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), on evaluation.

  3. Immunotherapy of BALB/c mice bearing Ehrlich ascites tumor with vitamin D-binding protein-derived macrophage activating factor.

    Yamamoto, N; Naraparaju, V R

    1997-06-01

    Vitamin D3-binding protein (DBP; human DBP is known as Gc protein) is the precursor of macrophage activating factor (MAF). Treatment of mouse DBP with immobilized beta-galactosidase or treatment of human Gc protein with immobilized beta-galactosidase and sialidase generated a remarkably potent MAF, termed DBPMAF or GcMAF, respectively. The domain of Gc protein responsible for macrophage activation was cloned and enzymatically converted to the cloned MAF, designated CdMAF. In Ehrlich ascites tumor-bearing mice, tumor-specific serum alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminidase (NaGalase) activity increased linearly with time as the transplanted tumor cells grew in the peritoneal cavity. Therapeutic effects of DBPMAF, GcMAF, and CdMAF on mice bearing Ehrlich ascites tumor were assessed by survival time, the total tumor cell count in the peritoneal cavity, and serum NaGalase activity. Mice that received a single administration of DBPMAF or GcMAF (100 pg/mouse) on the same day after transplantation of tumor (1 x 10(5) cells) showed a mean survival time of 35 +/- 4 days, whereas tumor-bearing controls had a mean survival time of 16 +/- 2 days. When mice received the second DBPMAF or GcMAF administration at day 4, they survived more than 50 days. Mice that received two DBPMAF administrations, at days 4 and 8 after transplantation of 1 x 10(5) tumor cells, survived up to 32 +/- 4 days. At day 4 posttransplantation, the total tumor cell count in the peritoneal cavity was approximately 5 x 10(5) cells. Mice that received two DBPMAF administrations, at days 0 and 4 after transplantation of 5 x 10(5) tumor cells, also survived up to 32 +/- 4 days, while control mice that received the 5 x 10(5) ascites tumor cells only survived for 14 +/- 2 days. Four DBPMAF, GcMAF, or CdMAF administrations to mice transplanted with 5 x 10(5) Ehrlich ascites tumor cells with 4-day intervals showed an extended survival of at least 90 days and an insignificantly low serum NaGalase level between days 30 and 90

  4. The influence of membrane-active agents on the radiomodifying effect of glucose in x-irradiated Ehrlich ascites tumor cells

    A study was made of the influence of membrane-active agents with different mechanisms of action (quercetine, amyloride, valinomycine, and digitonine), that modify the transmembrane transfer of inorganic ions, on a modifying effect of a glucose loading in X-irradiated Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. The combination of digitonine with glucose increased the damaging effect of radiation on tumor cells by 1.8-2.2 times as compared to glucose alone. Merely insignificant changes in the radiomodyfying effect of glucose were observed when it was combined with other membrane-active agents

  5. Drosera indica L: Potential effect on liver enzyme, lipid profile and hormone change in DaltonAND#8217;s lymphoma ascites (DLA) bearing mice

    Raju Asirvatham; Arockiasamy Josphin Maria Christina

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Aim: In this study, the ethanol and aqueous extracts of Drosera indica L were prepared and cancer induced liver enzyme, lipid profile and hormone changes were studied in mice using the Dalton and #8217;s lymphoma ascites (DLA) cells. Method: Animals were divided into seven groups as the normal control, DLA control, standard (5FU) and the ethanol and aqueous extracts (250 and 500mg/kg each) of D. indica L + DLA (four groups) were given the respective treatments 24 h after tumor...

  6. Possible interrelationship between changes in F-actin and myosin II, protein phosphorylation, and cell volume regulation in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells

    Pedersen, S F; Hoffmann, E K

    2002-01-01

    Osmotic shrinkage of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells (EATC) elicited translocation of myosin II from the cytosol to the cortical region, and swelling elicits concentration of myosin II in the Golgi region. Rho kinase and p38 both appeared to be involved in shrinkage-induced myosin II reorganization. In...... effects on F-actin. The subsequent F-actin depolymerization, however, appeared MLCK- and PKC-dependent, and the initial swelling-induced F-actin depolymerization was MLCK-dependent; both effects were apparently secondary to kinase-mediated effects on cell volume changes. NHE1 in EATC is activated both by...

  7. Influence of the products of radiolysis of uracil and thymidine on the biosynthesis of DNA of Ehrlich's ascites cells

    Polverelli, M.; Teoule, R.

    1972-09-01

    From ninth annual meeting of the European society for Radiation Biology; Rome, Italy (26 8ep 1972). The effect of gamma radiolysis products in aqueous solution of uracil and thymidine on the normal replicative biosynthesis of DNA of Ehrlich's ascites cells incubated in vitro in the presence of radioactive precursors of DNA (/sup 14/C-methyl thymidine or (/sup 14/C/sub 2/-d esoxyrytidine) was studied. The inhibiting effect of the thymidine radiolysis products, desoxy-2' - BETA -D-ribofuranosyl-1-hydroxy-5methyl-5-barbituric acid and hydroxy-6-dihydro-5, 6-thymidine, and the uracil radiolysis products, alloxanne and parabanic acid, was shown. (JSR)

  8. Phosphorylation in vivo of non-ribosomal proteins from native 40 S ribosomal particles of Krebs II mouse ascites-tumour cells

    Schuck, J; Reichert, G; Issinger, O G

    1981-01-01

    Four non-ribosomal proteins from native 40 S ribosomal subunits with mol.wts. of 110 000, 84 000, 68 000 and 26 000 were phosphorylated in vivo when ascites cells were incubated in the presence of [32P]Pi. The 110 000-, 84 000- and 26 000-dalton proteins are identical with phosphorylated products...... from native 40 S subunits after phosphorylation in vitro by a cyclic nucleotide-independent protein kinase. Phosphoserine was the major phosphorylated amino acid of the proteins phosphorylated in vivo and in vitro....

  9. On the action of radioprotective agents on the endogenous serotonin content and radiosensitivity of isolated Ehrlich ascites tumour and E. coli B. cells

    At a higher radioresistance level attained by incubation of isolated Ehrlich ascites tumour and E. coli B. cells with MEA or noradrenaline, the endogenous serotonin content of these cells was found to increase. The extent of radioresistance increase and the serotonin content of the cells were interrelated, i.e. washing the protector off cells decreased both the radioresistance and the content of endogenous serotonin. It is concluded that radioresistance of cells is connected with the content of biologically active substances (serotonin) that possess radioprotective action

  10. Interaction of the 2,6-dimethoxysemiquinone and ascorbyl free radicals with Ehrlich ascites cells: a probe of cell-surface charge.

    Pethig, R; Gascoyne, P R; McLaughlin, J. A.; Szent-Györgyi, A

    1984-01-01

    The rate of quenching by Ehrlich ascites cells of anionic 2,6-dimethoxy-p-semiquinone and ascorbyl free radicals is investigated as a function of cell concentration, the blocking of cell-surface sulfhydryl groups by N-ethylmaleimide, and the reduction of cell-surface charge by neuraminidase. The rate of quenching is found to be proportional to cell viability and to the number of free cell-surface sulfhydryl groups. The enzymatic action of neuraminidase results in an increase of the free radic...

  11. Management Of Acute Migraine

    Mehndiratta M

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Pharmacotherapy for migraine involves treatment for the acute attack as well as using long-term prophylaxis in order to reduce the frequency and severity of the attacks. Based on severity, there are a number of drugs available to treat the acute attacks. For mild to moderate attacks, analgesics, NSAIDs and Ergotamine are effective but severe attacks may need Dihydroergotamine (DHE or a triptan. Sumatriptan and the second generation triptans have revolutionized the acute treatment of migraine. Early and appropriate treatment holds the key to successful therapy of the acute attack. This article discusses the various acute treatment options available.

  12. Acute loss of consciousness.

    Tristán, Bekinschtein; Gleichgerrcht, Ezequiel; Manes, Facundo

    2015-01-01

    Acute loss of consciousness poses a fascinating scenario for theoretical and clinical research. This chapter introduces a simple yet powerful framework to investigate altered states of consciousness. We then explore the different disorders of consciousness that result from acute brain injury, and techniques used in the acute phase to predict clinical outcome in different patient populations in light of models of acute loss of consciousness. We further delve into post-traumatic amnesia as a model for predicting cognitive sequels following acute loss of consciousness. We approach the study of acute loss of consciousness from a theoretical and clinical perspective to conclude that clinicians in acute care centers must incorporate new measurements and techniques besides the classic coma scales in order to assess their patients with loss of consciousness. PMID:25702218

  13. Effect of Egyptian Propolis Extract as an Adjuvant with Irradiated Cancer Vaccine against Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma in Mice

    Propolis is a non-toxic natural substance with multiple pharmacological properties including anti-cancer and antioxidant. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of Egyptian propolis extract (Prop) as an adjuvant co-injected with irradiated tumour cell lysate vaccine (Irr-V) against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) in mice. Animals were divided into five equal groups (n=10). Control group. EAC group; injected with viable EAC (2x105/mouse) in the right thigh. EAC-Prop group; injected subcutaneously (Sc) with Prop (0.4 mg/ mouse) weekly for three times, then after 2 weeks mice were received EAC viable cells (the day of challenge). Irr-V group; vaccinated with irradiated EAC cell lysate weekly for three times at a dose of 0.2µl in the right thigh. Prop-Irr-V group; vaccinated as Irr-V group, and treated with Prop as EAC-Prop group. Two weeks post the last treatment; animals of groups 4 and 5 were challenged with normal viable EAC (2x105/mouse) in the opposite thigh. Results: The results revealed a decrease in red blood cells (RBC) count, haematocrite value (Hct) and haemoglobin content (Hb) and an increase in total leucocytes, absolute lymphocyte and neutrophil counts in EAC-bearing mice. Furthermore, oxidative stress identified by a decrease in glutathione (GSH) content and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity associated with an increase in the content of advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were recorded in the liver and blood tissues of EAC-bearing mice. Propolis, Irr-V as well as Irr-V-Prop treatment improved haematological toxicities and oxidative stress in EAC-bearing mice. However, improvement was more pronounced in Irr-V-Prop group and the cell viability assay, the tetrazolium dye;3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-iphenyltetrazolium (MTT) showed a significant decrease in viable cells compared to each treatment alone. It could be concluded that Prop extract might be used as an adjuvant for irradiated cancer

  14. Expression of P-glycoprotein and multidrug resistance associated protein in Ehrlich ascites tumor cells after fractionated irradiation

    Purpose: To characterize irradiated murine tumor cells with respect to drug resistance, drug kinetics, and ATPase activity, and to evaluate the possible role of P-glycoprotein (PGP) and murine multidrug resistance associated protein (Mrp1) in the drug-resistant phenotype of these cells. Methods and Materials: Sensitive Ehrlich ascites tumor cells (EHR2) were in vitro exposed to fractionated irradiation (60 Gy). Western blot analysis was performed for determination of PGP and Mrp1, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for determination of mdr1a + b mRNA, and semiquantitative RT-PCR for Mrp1 mRNA. The clonogenic assay was applied to investigate sensitivity, whereas the steady-state drug accumulation of daunorubicin (DNR), 3H-vincristine (VCR), and 3H-etoposide (VP16) was measured by spectrofluorometry and scintillation counting, respectively. For determining of ATPase activity, the release of inorganic phosphate from ATP was quantified using a colorimetric method. Results: Compared with EHR2, the irradiated cell line EHR2/irr showed increased expression of PGP (threefold), Mrp1 (eightfold), and Mrp1 mRNA (sixfold), and a slight reduction of mdr1b mRNA, whereas mdr1a was present in EHR2 but could not be detected in EHR2/irr. EHR2/irr developed sixfold resistance to VP16, twofold resistance to vincristine, but remained sensitive to DNR. Addition of the PGP inhibitor, verapamil (VER) or depletion of glutathione by buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) partly reversed the resistance in EHR2/irr. In EHR2/irr, the steady-state accumulation of 3H-VCR and 3H-VP16 was significantly decreased as compared with EHR2, whereas the accumulation of DNR was unchanged. The ATPase activity of plasma membrane vesicles prepared from EHR2/irr cells was similar to that of wild-type EHR2 cells. The ATPase activity was neither stimulated by vinblastine nor VER. Conclusion: Irradiation induced a multidrug-resistant phenotype in sensitive tumor cells. This phenotype was

  15. Some genetic profiles in liver of Ehrlich ascites tumor-bearing mice under the stress of irradiation

    Amal I. Hassan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Radiation therapy aims to kill cancer cells with a minimum of normal tissue exposure. In an attempt to define the molecular and biochemical changes associated with exposure to radiotherapy, the objective of the present study is to explore the effect of gamma (γ irradiation on nuclear factor, erythroid 2 (NFE2, P53, stromelysin-1 (matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP3, BCL-2 and BAX genes expression in Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC bearing mice. Various biochemical parameters such as liver function, H2O2, B% and T% lymphocytes, total antioxidants and MDA were investigated to evaluate their usefulness as possible during cancer treatment with radiotherapy. Rats were irradiated with a single whole body Cobalt 60-gamma radiation dose of 0.5 Gy. Sixty-four female mice, weighing 20–25 g were used in this study and divided into three main groups. The first group served as control group, while the second were injected intraperitoneally with EAC then was subdivided into two groups, II A and II B. The latter one (group II B, the animals were exposed to a single dose of 0.5 Gy whole body γ irradiation. The third main group, were irradiated with a single dose of 0.5 Gy whole body γ irradiation. Blood and liver tissue samples were collected at 4, 24 and 96 h post-irradiation. The gene expression levels in the livers of animals from each exposure group were compared individually with that of pooled sham-irradiated animals. MMP3 and NFE2 were overexpressed in liver samples of EAC group post 4, 24 and 96 h of γ irradiation (IIB. On the other hand, P53 and BCL-2 genes were downregulated by using RT-PCR analysis post 4, 24 and 96 h of γ irradiation (IIB. As well as, liver function and MDA were increased significantly in the γ - irradiation group (3rd group when compared to control mice (1st group. Gamma irradiation 3rd group revealed increase in the level of T% and B% lymphocytes. According to the obtained results, both γ rays and time period alter

  16. Incidência de ascite em frangos de corte alimentados com rações comerciais de alto nível energético

    Garcia Neto Manoel

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho objetivou avaliar os efeitos de diferentes rações comerciais com alto nível energético na incidência de ascite em frangos de corte. Foram utilizadas 1.200 aves de uma mesma linhagem comercial (Hubbard, distribuídas em 12 boxes, segundo um delineamento inteiramente ao acaso, com quatro tratamentos e três repetições de 100 aves cada. Os tratamentos foram constituídos por três diferentes rações comerciais trituradas (B, C e D comparadas com o controle, uma ração farelada inicial (A, do primeiro ao 39º dia de idade. Não houve diferenças entre os tratamentos quanto ao consumo, peso e ganho de peso das aves. Em relação à conversão alimentar, o tratamento C apresentou resultado significativamente melhor; entretanto, foi observada neste mesmo tratamento, a maior taxa de mortalidade. O maior motivo dos óbitos registrados foi a síndrome ascítica. Conclui-se que existe um favorecimento de surto de ascite pelas rações com melhor conversão alimentar nas aves.

  17. Comparative study of myocardial high energy phosphate substrate content in slow and fast growing chicken and in chickens with heart failure and ascites.

    Olkowski, A A; Nain, S; Wojnarowicz, C; Laarveld, B; Alcorn, J; Ling, B B

    2007-09-01

    In order to explain the biochemical mechanisms associated with deteriorating heart function in broiler chickens, this study compared myocardial high energy phosphate substrates in leghorns, feed restricted (Broilers-Res) broilers, ad libitum fed broilers (Broilers-AL), and in broilers that developed heart failure and ascites. The profile of adenine nucleotide content in the heart tissue did not differ between leghorns and Broilers-Res, but there were significant differences among Broilers-Res, Broilers-AL, and broilers with ascites. During intensive growth periods, leghorns and Broilers-Res showed increasing trends in heart ATP levels, whereas in fast growing broilers the heart ATP declined (pBroilers-Res, declined in fast growing broilers, and were the lowest in broilers that developed heart failure. The changes in heart high energy phosphate profile in broilers suggest that the energy demand of the heart during a rapid growth phase may exceed the bird's metabolic capacity to supply adequate levels of high energy phosphate substrate. The insufficiency of energy substrate likely contributes to the declining heart rate. In some individuals this may lead to impaired heart pump function, and in more severe cases may progress to heart pump failure. PMID:17524693

  18. Evaluation of the role of ascitic fluid polymerase chain reaction targeting IS6110 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the diagnosis of tuberculous intestinal obstruction

    Sanjay Kumar Yadav

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: We evaluated if ascitic fluid sample could be used for the diagnosis of tuberculosis intestinal obstruction (TBIO by a nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR assay and analyzed the clinical and laboratory findings in 33 patients with confirmed intestinal tuberculosis (TB compared to 54 patients with other pathologies of intestinal obstruction. Methods: We tested ascitic fluid sample by Ziehl-Neelson staining; Löwenstein-Jensen (L-J culture method was used for the culture and PCR was performed for targeting the IS6110 sequence. Results: We found that 87.9% (29/33 of cases with intestinal TB and 0% (0/54 with other causes who had positive results with the nested PCR assay. PCR, in principle, is a highly sensitive technique that detects DNA from a single to a few microorganisms with the overall sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value (PPV of 87.87%, 100%, and 100%, respectively. Acid-fast bacillus (AFB staining alone has positivity of only 24% and histology alone has positivity of 88%. Conclusion: PCR has a potentially important role in improving the diagnostic accuracy.

  19. Influence of neuraminidase and X-ray irradiation (2 Gy and 8 Gy) on microvilli and membrane invaginations of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells in monolayer culture

    A monolayer culture (Eagle basal medium plus 10% of fetal calf serum) of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells was exposed to X-radiation with 2 Gy and 8 Gy and treated with Vibrio cholerae neuraminidase alone or combined with sublethal X-ray irradiation (2 Gy). Pictures of the Ehrlich ascites tumor cells taken with the electron microscope were investigated in order to find out any cell surface modifications due to membrane invaginations and microvilli. The results showed that the rate of microvilli as well as that of membrane invaginations became higher with the increasing X-ray dose (2 Gy; 8 Gy). Following to neuraminidase treatment there was a considerable augmentation of membran invaginations as compared to control cells, whereas the number of microvilli was slightly reduced. As it has been already described before, the influence of neuraminidase produced an increased endocytosis activity and a strengthening of the cytoskeleton. Combined treatment with neuraminidase and sublethal X-radiation (2 Gy) caused a higher rate of membrane invaginations than each method alone; the number of microvilli was slightly increased by combined treatment. The conclusion is drawn that these structure modifications are due to reparation processes induced by radiation on the one hand and to an enzymic action of neuraminidase on the cell surface on the other hand. (orig.)

  20. In vitro effect of X radiation on respiration and glycolysis of Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells of the mouse - an experimental comparison with the mouse tumortetanus assay

    Depending on the dose of X-rays, in vitro irradiation of Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells of the mouse affected both respiration and glycolysis. 38.7 C/kg irradiation suppressed the aerobic and anaerobic energy metabolism rather strongly followed by a reduction of the 'take' and growth of the subcutaneously injected tumour cells, as opposed to the growth behavior of non-irradiated cells. In analogy, tetanus mortality rates were reduced in the mouse tumor-tetanus assay with 38.7 C/kg irradiated cells. On the other hand, irradiation with 5.16 C/kg of Ehrlich carcinoma cells resulted in unchanged rates of respiration and glycolysis, in spite of the strongly limited growth capacity of the tumor cells. The tumor-tetanus assay of the mouse showed good correlation with subcutaneous tumor growth; no such correlation was found in the tetanus assay and the manometric values of respiration and glycolysis with 5.16 C/kg irradiated tumor cells. After subcutaneous injection of mixed cell suspensions consisting of 1 x 105 viable and 1 x 106 38.7 C/kg irradiated Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells as well as of 3 x 102 tetanus spores per single dose, we observed similar rates of tumor growth and tetanus mortality, respectively, if 1 x 105 viable tumor cells alone were administered together with 3 x 102 tetanus spores, without addition of irradiated tumor cells. (author)

  1. Acute pancreatitis in acute viral hepatitis

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To elucidate the frequency and characteristics of pancreatic involvement in the course of acute (nonfulminant) viral hepatitis.METHODS: We prospectively assessed the pancreatic involvement in patients with acute viral hepatitis who presented with severe abdomimanl pain.RESULTS: We studied 124 patients with acute viral hepatitis, of whom 24 presented with severe abdominal pain. Seven patients (5.65%) were diagnosed to have acute pancreatitis. All were young males. Five patients had pancreatitis in the first week and two in the fourth week after the onset of jaundice. The pancreatitis was mild and all had uneventful recovery from both pancreatitis and hepatitis on conservative treatment.The etiology of pancreatitis was hepatitis E virus in 4,hepatitis A virus in 2, and hepatitis B virus in 1 patient.One patient had biliary sludge along with HEV infection.The abdominal pain of remaining seventeen patients was attributed to stretching of Glisson's capsule.CONCLUSION: Acute pancreatitis occurs in 5.65% of patients with acute viral hepatitis, it is mild and recovers with conservative management.

  2. Acute renal failure associated with nonfulminant acute viral hepatitis A

    Sarawgi, S.; Gupta, A. K.; Arora, D S; Jasuja, S.

    2008-01-01

    Hepatitis A runs a benign course in children, but may have atypical presentations in adults. Very rarely acute renal failure complicates nonfulminant hepatitis A. We report a patient with nonfulminant acute viral hepatitis A with multiorgan involvement. Patient had biopsy proven acute interstitial nephritis, acute pancreatitis, acute myocarditis and required hemodialysis for 6 weeks.

  3. Acanthus ilicifolius plant extract prevents DNA alterations in a transplantable Ehrlich ascites carcinoma-bearing murine model

    2007-01-01

    AIM: To investigate the chemopreventive efficacy of the Indian medicinal plant Acanthus ilicifolius L Acanthaceae in a transplantable Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC)-bearing murine model.METHODS: Male Swiss albino mice were divided into four groups: Group A was the untreated normal control; Group B was the EAC control mice group that received serial, intraperitoneal (ip) inoculations of rapidly proliferating 2 × 105 viable EAC cells in 0.2 mL of sterile phosphate buffered saline; Group C was the plant extract-treated group that received the aqueous leaf extract (ALE) of the plant at a dose of 2.5 mg/kg body weight by single ip injections, once daily for 10, 20 and 30 consecutive days following tumour inoculation (ALE control); and Group D was the EAC + ALE-treatment group. The chemopreventive potential of the ALE was evaluated in a murine model by studying various biological parameters and genotoxic markers,such as tumour cell count, mean survival of the animals,haematological indices, hepatocellular histology,immunohistochemical expression of liver metallothionein (MT) protein, sister-chromatid exchanges (SCEs), and DNA alterations.RESULTS: Treatment of the EAC-bearing mice with the ALE significantly (P < 0.001) reduced viable tumour cell count by 68.34% (228.7 × 106 ± 0.53) when compared to EAC control mice (72.4 × 106 ± 0.49), and restored body and organ weights almost to the normal values.ALE administration also increased (P < 0.001) mean survival of the hosts from 35 ± 3.46 d in EAC control mice to 83 ± 2.69 d in EAC + ALE-treated mice.Haematological indices also showed marked improvement with administration of ALE in EAC-bearing animals. There was a significant increase in RBC count (P < 0.001),hemoglobin percent (P < 0.001), and haematocrit value (P < 0.001) from 4.3 ± 0.12, 6.4 ± 0.93, and 17.63 ± 0.72 respectively in EAC control mice to 7.1 ± 0.13, 12.1 ±0.77, and 30.23 ± 0.57 respectively in EAC + ALE-treated group, along with

  4. Imaging of acute pancreatitis

    Merkle, Elmar M.; Goerich, Johannes [Department of Radiology, University Hospitals of Ulm, Steinhoevel Strasse 9, 89075 Ulm (Germany)

    2002-08-01

    Acute pancreatitis is defined as an acute inflammatory process of the pancreas with variable involvement of peripancreatic tissues or remote organ systems. This article reports the current classification, definition and terminology, epidemiology and etiology, pathogenesis and pathological findings, clinical and laboratory findings, and finally imaging findings of acute pancreatitis with emphasis on cross-sectional imaging modalities such as ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging. (orig.)

  5. Streptococcal acute pharyngitis

    2014-01-01

    Acute pharyngitis/tonsillitis, which is characterized by inflammation of the posterior pharynx and tonsils, is a common disease. Several viruses and bacteria can cause acute pharyngitis; however, Streptococcus pyogenes (also known as Lancefield group A β-hemolytic streptococci) is the only agent that requires an etiologic diagnosis and specific treatment. S. pyogenes is of major clinical importance because it can trigger post-infection systemic complications, acute rheumatic fever, and post-s...

  6. Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis

    K.S. Dhillon

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis (AGEP is a rare reaction pattern with a typical morphology and a short clinical course that in majority of cases is related to medication administration. It is an acute pustular eruption with unique clinical features, a rapid clinical course and a typical histopathology. Herein, we report the case of a patient with acute generalized exanthematous pustulosis for its classical presentation.

  7. Acute recurrent polyhydramnios

    Rode, Line; Bundgaard, Anne; Skibsted, Lillian;

    2007-01-01

    Acute recurrent polyhydramnios is a rare occurrence characterized by a poor fetal outcome. This is a case report describing a 34-year-old woman presenting with acute recurrent polyhydramnios. Treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) and therapeutic amniocenteses was initiated...... an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. As in normal pregnancies, amniotic prolactin levels decreased by 80% from highest to lowest value in this case of resolving acute recurrent polyhydramnios....

  8. Management Of Acute Migraine

    Mehndiratta M

    2002-01-01

    Pharmacotherapy for migraine involves treatment for the acute attack as well as using long-term prophylaxis in order to reduce the frequency and severity of the attacks. Based on severity, there are a number of drugs available to treat the acute attacks. For mild to moderate attacks, analgesics, NSAIDs and Ergotamine are effective but severe attacks may need Dihydroergotamine (DHE) or a triptan. Sumatriptan and the second generation triptans have revolutionized the acute treatment of migra...

  9. Atrial fibrillation (acute onset)

    Lip, Gregory Y. H.; Watson, Timothy

    2008-01-01

    Acute atrial fibrillation is rapid, irregular, and chaotic atrial activity of less than 48 hours' duration. It resolves spontaneously within 24 to 48 hours in over 50% of people. In this review we have included studies on patients with onset up to 7 days previously. Risk factors for acute atrial fibrillation include increasing age, CVD, alcohol abuse, diabetes, and lung disease.Acute atrial fibrillation increases the risk of stroke and heart failure.

  10. Mixed phenotype acute leukemia

    Ye Zixing; Wang Shujie

    2014-01-01

    Objective To highlight the current understanding of mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL).Data sources We collected the relevant articles in PubMed (from 1985 to present),using the terms "mixed phenotype acute leukemia","hybrid acute leukemia","biphenotypic acute leukemia",and "mixed lineage leukemia".We also collected the relevant studies in WanFang Data base (from 2000 to present),using the terms "mixed phenotype acute leukemia" and "hybrid acute leukemia".Study selection We included all relevant studies concerning mixed phenotype acute leukemia in English and Chinese version,with no limitation of research design.The duplicated articles are excluded.Results MPAL is a rare subgroup of acute leukemia which expresses the myeloid and lymphoid markers simultaneously.The clinical manifestations of MPAL are similar to other acute leukemias.The World Health Organization classification and the European Group for Immunological classification of Leukaemias 1998 cdteria are most widely used.MPAL does not have a standard therapy regimen.Its treatment depends mostly on the patient's unique immunophenotypic and cytogenetic features,and also the experience of individual physician.The lack of effective treatment contributes to an undesirable prognosis.Conclusion Our understanding about MPAL is still limited.The diagnostic criteria have not been unified.The treatment of MPAL remains to be investigated.The prognostic factor is largely unclear yet.A better diagnostic cdteria and targeted therapeutics will improve the therapy effect and a subsequently better prognosis.

  11. Comfort nursing in advanced liver cancer patients with large ascites%肝癌晚期大量腹水患者的舒适护理

    刘春云

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To explore the methods of comfort nursing in advanced liver cancer patients with large ascites. Methods:Comfort nursing was carried out in dietary guidance,psychological soothing,focusing on the body comfort and relieving pain appropriately of 80 advanced liver cancer patients with large ascites. Results;In this group,68 cases of patients' sleeping were improved with the efficiency of 85%. 48 cases were improved in eating with the efficiency of 60%. lower limbs' edema and exudation were relieved in 42 cases with the efficiency of 52.5%. abdominal distension was relieved in 53 cases with the efficiency of 66.3%. Conclusion;Comfortable care in advanced liver cancer patients with large ascites can improve patients' confidence in treatment and nurse,relieve the symptoms and reduce complications,improve patients' comfort and the quality of life.it was worth in clinical promotion.%目的:探讨对肝癌晚期大量腹水患者实施舒适护理的方法.方法:对80例肝癌晚期大量腹水患者给予一系列舒适护理措施.结果:本组患者睡眠情况改善68例,有效率85%;进食改善48例,有效率60%;双下肢水肿、渗液症状改善42例,有效率52.5%;腹胀缓解改善53例,有效率66.3%.结论:对肝癌晚期大量腹水患者实施舒适护理可提高患者治疗信心,促进症状缓解,减少并发症的发生,提高患者的舒适度及生存质量,值得临床推广.

  12. Enhanced multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis and its severity

    The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of enhanced multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) in diagnosing acute appendicitis and its severity. Contrast-enhanced MD-CT 3.5 mm thick images of 23 control patients (A), and 64 patients with surgically proven acute appendicitis including 8 catarrhal (B), 28 phiegmonous (C), and 28 gangrenous (D) appendicitis patients were respectively analyzed. The number of observed major computed tomography (CT) findings for each patient group were as follows: enlarged (≥6 mm in maximum diameter) appendix (A: 5, B: 8, C: 28, D: 28), enhancement of the appendiceal wall; hyper (A: 3, B: 8, C: 27, D: 20), iso (A: 15, B: 0, C: 1, D: 2), hypo (A-C: 0, D: 4), and patched (A-C: 0, D: 2) enhancement, appendicolith (A, B: 0, C: 7, D: 13), dirty fat sign (A: 3, B: 1, C: 21, D: 28), localized ascites (A: 2, B: 0, C: 2, D: 11), and abscess formation (A-C: 0, D: 5). From the combinations of these findings, we could differentiate acute appendicitis from the control normal appendix with an accuracy of 99% and could diagnose the severity of acute appendicitis with accuracies of 92% for catarrhal appendicitis, 84% for phlegmonous appendicitis, and 92% for gangrenous appendicitis. We could also visually reconstruct the entire forms and positions of the appendices from the successive CT findings because of the high-resolution thin-slice MDCT images. MDCT is highly accurate in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis and its severity. (author)

  13. Acute myopericarditis masquerading as acute myocardial infarction

    Wen Tian; Zixin Zhang; Xiaojuan Bai; Dingyin Zeng; Guoxian Qi

    2008-01-01

    Patients with abrupt onset of chest pain, ischemic ECG abnormalities and elevated levels of cardiac markers could be given a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. However, some other diseases should be taken into consideration in this clinical setting when coronary arteries are proven to be normal. Here we report a case of acute myopericarditis with clinical presentation of myocardial infarction and normal coronary anatomy. The Herpes Simplex Virus Ⅱ was considered as the organism causing myopericarditis and the patient was recovered by the treatment with valacicloavir. A precise diagnosis is a prerequisite of successful treatment and favorable prognosis.

  14. Leukocytosis in acute stroke

    Kammersgaard, L P; Jørgensen, H S; Nakayama, H;

    1999-01-01

    Leukocytosis is a common finding in the acute phase of stroke. A detrimental effect of leukocytosis on stroke outcome has been suggested, and trials aiming at reducing the leukocyte response in acute stroke are currently being conducted. However, the influence of leukocytosis on stroke outcome has...

  15. Poznan acute Astronomical Observatory

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    This Poznan acute Astronomical Observatory is a unit of the Adam Mickiewicz University, located in Poznan acute, Poland. From its foundation in 1919, it has specialized in astrometry and celestial mechanics (reference frames, dynamics of satellites and small solar system bodies). Recently, research activities have also included planetary and stellar astrophysics (asteroid photometry, catalysmic b...

  16. Acute Otitis Media

    A Joshan

    2000-07-01

    Full Text Available Acute Otitis Media is a common problem of childhood. It is characterized by otalgia, fever, irritability, anorexia and vomiting or diarrhea. Diagnosis is most often made by pneumatic otoscopy. Acute Otitis Media is mostly caused by S.pneumonia or H.influenza there are sensitive to penicillins.

  17. Acute kidney injury.

    Lang, Joanna; Zuber, Kim; Davis, Jane

    2016-04-01

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) complicates up to 20% of all hospital admissions. Responding to the increase in admissions, complications, mortality, morbidity, and cost of AKI, Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes convened an expert panel to study the issue, review the literature, and publish guidelines to evaluate and treat patients with AKI in the acute setting. This article reviews those guidelines. PMID:27023656

  18. Acute dysautonomia following mumps.

    Mathuranath P

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available Pure acute or subacute dysautonomia is a rare entity. Its etiology is as yet unknown. However, majority of these cases have a preceding viral infection such as herpes simplex, infectious mononucleosis, rubella or coxsackie B. A unique patient in whom acute dysautonomia followed mumps is reported.

  19. Acute dysautonomia following mumps.

    Mathuranath P; Duralpandian J; Kishore A

    1999-01-01

    Pure acute or subacute dysautonomia is a rare entity. Its etiology is as yet unknown. However, majority of these cases have a preceding viral infection such as herpes simplex, infectious mononucleosis, rubella or coxsackie B. A unique patient in whom acute dysautonomia followed mumps is reported.

  20. Viscosidade do Sangue como Parâmetro de Diagnóstico da Síndrome Ascítica em Linhagens de Frangos de Corte com Diferentes Suscetibilidade Blood Viscosity as Diagnostic Parameter for Ascites in Broiler Chickens Strains of Different Susceptibility

    SF Fontes

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar o desenvolvimento de ascites em duas linhagens diferentes de frangos de corte, Hubbard e Pescoço-pelado, através da variação da viscosidade do sangue. As aves foram criadas até 45 dias de idade em duas temperaturas ambiente diferentes (termoneutra e fria e com dieta de ração à base de milho e farelo de soja, peletizada e de alta energia. Aos 28 e 45 dias de idade, amostras de 8 mL de sangue foram obtidas para determinação da viscosidade aparente em um viscosímetro de cilindros concêntricos da marca Brookfield, modelo LVDII+ e para determinação do hematócrito. Aos 28 dias de idade foram verificadas algumas ocorrências de ascite nas aves da linhagem Hubbard criadas à temperatura ambiente fria, e aos 45 dias de idade, todos os frangos de corte dessa linhagem criados no ambiente frio apresentaram ascite. A linhagem Pescoço-pelado foi resistente ao desenvolvimento de ascite em todas as idades e temperaturas ambiente. A análise dos resultados da viscosidade aparente do sangue indicaram que aves com valores similares ou maiores que 4 cP (centipoise apresentaram ascite. Podemos concluir que na linhagem comercial o valor de 4 cP para a viscosidade aparente parece identificar o desenvolvimento de ascite.The objective of this work was to investigate the development of ascites in broilers from Hubbard and Naked-neck strains based on the change in blood viscosity. The broilers were reared up to 45 days of age at different environmental temperatures (thermoneutral or cold and fed pelleted diets with high energy content. At 28 and 45 days, blood samples were obtained to measure the apparent blood viscosity, using a viscosimeter of concentric cylinders, and hematocrit. The results showed that at 28 days of age, some occurrence of ascites was verified in Hubbard birds living in the cold environment, but at 45 days of age all the birds reared at cold temperature had developed ascites. The Naked