WorldWideScience

Sample records for actors concerns territorial

  1. Restructuring and territorial governance: the contribution of actor-network theory

    Antoine, Mélanie; Dalon, Gelica

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to shed light, in an exploratory manner, on the role of the choices made in terms of governance in reorganisation projects initiated on territories affected by companies' restructuring. Actor-network theory is used to analyse the dynamics present on three territories concerned by the restructuring of a same company. It allows to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the territorial reorganisation's modes of management and to highlight their decisive influence on th...

  2. Educational policies, territories and actors strategies

    Sebastião, João; Campos, Joana; Merlini, Sara; Chambino, Mafalda

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to analyse how educational policies about school violence are reinterpreted and implemented at school level and if this process contributes to a more pluralistic and democratic school. A research carried out in 3 clusters of schools showed that the diversity of understandings and strategies to face school violence, higher within the territories than between them, was associated to the school board's agendas and the legitimacy of the different act...

  3. Concerning the notions of space and territory

    This article intends to manifest some conceptual and methodological questions around spacetime, space and territory, sustainability, social agent, territoriality. It is necessary to overcome the dichotomy space without time and time without space and to un think the world of the social, leaving out the analysis of problems that overcome the fields of the disciplines. The most appropriate approach would be to recognize the existence of a spacetime dimension, or if one wants, time space and to define the geography as a social science that considers the territory like a social construction through the spacetime

  4. Local authorities and electricity: territories, actors and issues within the local public service in France

    In France, the role of local authorities in the organization of the electricity supply system is largely unknown mainly due to the size of the state-owned utility Electricite de France (EDF). Local authorities and their groupings played a major role in the electrification of the national territory and have kept important prerogatives as conceding authorities of this service of general interest. These groupings also became the tools of the soft power of local actors. The geopolitical analysis of the relationships between local municipalities and electric power stakeholders shows the diversity of actors and opinions. Stuck between market liberalization issues and decentralization to local authorities, these groupings tend to reinforce their competencies. Furthermore, decentralization goes along with a reinforcement of the political involvement in local energy policy and with conflicts on the adequate territorial scale for theses policies. (author)

  5. Students' Inventory of Social Actors Concerned by the Controversy Surrounding Cellular Telephones: A Case Study

    Pouliot, Chantal

    2008-01-01

    The present article scrutinizes the manner with which a group of three postsecondary students (in Quebec, Canada) describe the social actors concerned by the controversy surrounding cellular telephones. The study was conducted on the basis of an ethnographic approach. Participant observation was performed by the researcher for 3 hours during each…

  6. Systems Of Actors In Territorial Marketing - An Extension Of Interorganizational Marketing Theory

    Texier, L; Valla, J

    1992-01-01

    An increasing number of cilies are involved in the implementation of marketing strategies designed to attract business locations to their territory. Because of the many specificities in this marketing field, it can be considered as a distinct domain within the general field of marketing research, designated under the term of Territorial Marketing. This paper establishes the characteristics of territorial marketing, based on the observation of real practice It attempts to elaborate on this spe...

  7. Los actores sociales y el territorio: elementos a tener en cuenta en un plan de ordenamiento territorial

    Enrique Hugo Fabregat

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es explicar como los actores sociales y la sociedadintervienen en un determinado territorio, en este caso el Valle Inferior del RíoNegro, a partir de transformar y organizar al mismo a través de cambios tanto desde lo temporal como desde lo espacial e identificar a los mismos como elementos a tener en cuenta en un proceso de ordenamiento territorial.El territorio es una construcción social, por lo tanto intervienen en él, diferentes actores que actúan en distintas escalas y hacen que el escenario adquiera mayor o menor complejidad en forma permanente, de acuerdo a las acciones que estos actores realizan.En el caso del Valle Inferior del Río Negro, estos actores sociales, vienenconstruyendo este territorio desde hace mucho tiempo. Es posible hacer unseguimiento de sus trayectorias de construcción del territorio, desde lapresencia de los pueblos originarios en la zona hasta nuestros días.Las acciones que cada uno de los grupos de actores sociales hicieron sobreeste territorio dejaron marcas, que hasta el día de hoy es posible observar,como por ejemplo los cementerios de pueblos Tehuelches, localizados en lallanura del valle del río.Hay que destacar que todos estos procesos, sirven además para poder pensar, discutir y elaborar Políticas Públicas que colaboren en un Plan deOrdenamiento Territorial para el Valle Inferior del Río Negro.En cuanto a los aspectos metodológicos, el trabajo se realizo a partir delanálisis del territorio y la identificación en el mismo de las diferentes unidadesde paisaje, las que surgen del proceso de construcción social. Para ello se tuvo en cuenta en primer lugar las características más relevantes y significativas de cada sector y, en segundo lugar se describió la parte visible del espacio que es el paisaje actual del valle.

  8. A critical look at UNEP reports concerning depleted uranium on Yugoslav territory

    Ninković Marko M.; Glišić Ružica

    2005-01-01

    A critical look at UNEP Reports concerning depleted uranium on Yugoslav territory is presented in this paper. The subjects of the analysis are summarized as remarks high-lighting the following three points: (a) those concerning the use of terms significant and insignificant doses (risks), (b) those concerning the use of 1 mSv as a border between these two risk types and (c) those concerning the composition of ex pert UNEP Teams investigating the depleted uranium issue. To start with, the assu...

  9. Actors, argumentation and agenda in the territory management of the lower basin of Luján river

    Graciela Nafría

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Actors within the soil management sub-system, their logic, interests and controversial relations in the process of urban transformation and current use pattern formation of the Luján river lower basin during the last ten years were identified within the conceptual framework of public policies. These interest groups’ discourse and arguments have an impact on agenda creation, which is understood as the process of interest aggregation reflecting both the order of priority of social problems and the government’s opinion of the situation. This paper analyzes written and oral texts and traces the various actors within this area of study as factors contributing to explain the reasons why certain topics are adopted as public problems and added to the government’s agenda

  10. A critical look at UNEP reports concerning depleted uranium on Yugoslav territory

    Ninković Marko M.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available A critical look at UNEP Reports concerning depleted uranium on Yugoslav territory is presented in this paper. The subjects of the analysis are summarized as remarks high-lighting the following three points: (a those concerning the use of terms significant and insignificant doses (risks, (b those concerning the use of 1 mSv as a border between these two risk types and (c those concerning the composition of ex pert UNEP Teams investigating the depleted uranium issue. To start with, the assumption that it should be possible to express the risks (con sequences caused by the in take of depleted uranium ( by ingestion/ inhalation and/ or external exposure to b and g rays from depleted uranium as insignificant or significant for comparison purposes is, in our view, in collision with the linear non thresh old hypothesis, still valid in the radiation protection field. Secondly, the limit of 1 mSv per year as a reference dose level between insignificant and significant risks (con sequences is not accept able in the case of military depleted uranium contamination. This is because the reference level of 1 mSv, according to the ICRP Recommendation, can be used in the optimization of radiation protection as an additional annual dose limit for members of the public solely for useful practices. Military usage of depleted uranium can not be classified as being useful for both sides - the culprit and the victim alike. Our third objection concerns the composition of ex pert UNEP teams for Kosovo (Desk Assessment Group, Scientific Reviewer Group, and UNEP Scientific Mission as not being representative enough, bearing in mind all UN member-countries. This last objection may be rather difficult to understand for any one viewing it from the perspective other than that of the victims.

  11. Proceedings (slides) of the ANCCLI-IRSN seminar: 'environment - health: what monitoring in territories by the different actors'

    Relations between the operation of nuclear facilities and the health of populations are recurrent topics. For this reason, the national association of information committees and local commissions (ANCCLI), and the radiation protection and nuclear safety institute (IRSN) have jointly organized this seminar devoted to the monitoring of environment and public health. Its aim was to share the experience of the different actors in order to help the local commissions of information (CLI) in carrying out their own actions on these topics. The first day, the Golfech, Gravelines, Cadarache and Saint-Laurent-Des-Eaux CLIs presented their local environmental monitoring actions and their impact studies for facilities effluents. IRSN presented its methodology for the elaboration of its annual radiological status of the French environment. A round table permitted the different intervening parties to exchange about their monitoring goals. The second day, the Tricastin and Gravelines CLI, as well as the health care supervision institute InVS), presented different studies and attempts of answers to the health-impact questions coming from the surrounding communities. The contributions and limitations of public health studies were discussed through a presentation of the joint ANCCLI/IRSN/InVS methodological guidebook 'public health in the vicinity of nuclear facilities: how to approach the questions asked'. This document gathers the slides of the available presentations: 1 - Environmental monitoring by the Tarn-et-Garonne departmental laboratory in partnership with the Golfech's CLI (A. Calafat); 2 - Environmental monitoring by the Tarn-et-Garonne veterinary laboratory (V. Rossetto); 3 - Independent environmental monitoring by the Tarn-et-Garonne and occasional expertises around the Gravelines site (F. Cazier); 4 - Study of the impact on Durance river of the liquid radiological effluents of CEA-Cadarache site (C. Fourcaud); 5 - Study of the impact on Loire river of the chemical

  12. A critical look at UNEP reports concerning depleted uranium at Yugoslav territory

    A critical look at UNEP Reports concerning depleted uranium at Yugoslav territory, are given in this paper. At first, introducing of the assumption that it should be possible to express the risk (consequence), caused by intake of DU by ingestion or inhalation and by external exposure to radiation from DU, as 'insignificant' or 'significant' for the comparisons purpose, is opposed to the LNT-hypothesis still valid in radiation protection field. Second, using the limit of 1 mSv per year, as a referent dose level between 'insignificant' and 'significant' risks (consequences) is not acceptable in the case of military DU contamination. This is because the reference dose of 1mSv can be used, in the optimization of radiation protection, as additional annual dose limit for member of the public, from all kinds of useful practices, solely. Military usage of DU can't be classified as useful for both opposite side - culprit and victim. The third remark is that all experts participated in UNEP teams for Kosovo (Desk Assessment Group, Scientific Reviewer Group and UNEP Scientific Mission ) are by origin from the NATO countries or NATO supporter countries. This fact is pretty difficult to understand hearing in mind that UNEP is United Nations Environment Programme (author)

  13. Database concerning environmental impacts of energy generation on the territory of the former German Democratic Republic

    The features of a database concerning environmental impacts of energy generation systems on the territory of the former German Democratic Republic are introduced in this paper. These include: databank of the power producing industry (information on power economy which comprises the entire process of primary energy generation including conversion and use and data on the brown coal mining industry such as agriculture and forestry acreage, areas for water management); data on monitoring environmental impacts such as emissions (dust, SOx, NOx, fluorine, chlorine, ammonia); emissions (concentrations of harmful substances), and waste repositories (dumping sites); data on environmental radioactivity and radiation exposure such as radioactive contamination of the environment by artificial radionuclides, radiation exposure of the population and occupational radiation exposure; data on health impacts (infant mortality, life expectancy, cancer morbidity, chronic bronchitis, respiratory diseases) and information on diseases due to chemical or physical impacts, dusts, etc.; data on different types of accidents (at work, traffic accidents, during different activities). The paper concludes by highlighting the need of developing environment/health relevant data banks based on an internationally uniform methodology. Inter-disciplinary working groups should be established to examine further the structure between energy-environment-health. (author)

  14. Local authorities and electricity: territories, actors and issues within the local public service in France; Les collectivites locales et l'electricite. Territoires, acteurs et enjeux autour du service public local de l'electricite en france

    Bouvier, G

    2005-06-15

    In France, the role of local authorities in the organization of the electricity supply system is largely unknown mainly due to the size of the state-owned utility Electricite de France (EDF). Local authorities and their groupings played a major role in the electrification of the national territory and have kept important prerogatives as conceding authorities of this service of general interest. These groupings also became the tools of the soft power of local actors. The geopolitical analysis of the relationships between local municipalities and electric power stakeholders shows the diversity of actors and opinions. Stuck between market liberalization issues and decentralization to local authorities, these groupings tend to reinforce their competencies. Furthermore, decentralization goes along with a reinforcement of the political involvement in local energy policy and with conflicts on the adequate territorial scale for theses policies. (author)

  15. Future perspectives on territorial cooperation in Europe [Electronic resource] : the EC regulation on a European grouping of territorial cooperation and the planned Council of Europe third protocol to the Madrid outline convention concerning euroregional co-operation groupings

    Engl Alice

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to describe, analyze and compare the recent legal developments regarding territorial cooperation that can be observed on the international and supranational level in Europe: the EC Regulation on a European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation adopted in 2006, on the one hand, and the planned Third Protocol to the European Outline Convention on Transfrontier Co–operation between Territorial Communities and Authorities concerning Euroregional Co–operation Groupings of th...

  16. Do Territorial Control and the Loss of Territory Determine the use of Indiscriminate Violence by Incumbent Actors? An Examination of the Syrian Civil War in Aleppo over 45 weeks.

    Evan Tyner

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available 'This study tests the ‘control-collaboration’ model detailed by Stathis Kalyvas in 'The Logic of Violence in Civil War '(2006. The control-collaboration model makes various theoretical claims on the relationship between territorial control and the use and motivations of violence (whether selective or indiscriminate. This study tests two of the key claims made in the model: 1. There is an inverse relationship between level of territorial control and the use of indiscriminate violence; and, 2. The loss off territory encourages the use of indiscriminate violence. Using data on civilian and child deaths taken from the ‘Syrian Martyr Database’, this study examines the relationship between territorial control and territorial loss, and the use of indiscriminate violence by incumbent (Syrian state forces. Examining the levels of territorial control/loss and the extent of civilian and child casualties in Aleppo, Syria, results of the study largely support the theoretical assumptions outlined by Kalyvas.'

  17. Mediating Public Concern in Biotechnology: A map of sites, actors and issues in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden

    Häyrinen-Alestalo, Marja; Kallerud, Egil

    2004-01-01

    This publication is the first report from the Nordic research project Changing Contexts for Mediating Public Concern in the Assessment of Technoscience. Public Responses to Genetic Technologies in the Nordic Countries (COMPASS). This report documents the first exploratory steps towards an articulated comparative account of approaches and experiences in the Nordic countries concerning the political, economic, social and cultural responses to global, European and Nordic efforts in the appropria...

  18. Do Territorial Control and the Loss of Territory Determine the use of Indiscriminate Violence by Incumbent Actors? An Examination of the Syrian Civil War in Aleppo over 45 weeks.

    Evan Tyner

    2016-01-01

    'This study tests the ‘control-collaboration’ model detailed by Stathis Kalyvas in 'The Logic of Violence in Civil War '(2006). The control-collaboration model makes various theoretical claims on the relationship between territorial control and the use and motivations of violence (whether selective or indiscriminate). This study tests two of the key claims made in the model: 1. There is an inverse relationship between level of territorial control and the use of indiscriminate violence; and, 2...

  19. Public concerns about and perceptions of solid waste dump sites and selection of sanitary landfill sites in the West Bank, Palestinian territory.

    Al-Khatib, Issam A; Abu Hammad, Ahmad; Sharkas, Othman A; Sato, Chikashi

    2015-04-01

    Palestinian inhabitants have disposed of their solid wastes at open dumpsites over the past 40 years without an adequate solid waste management (SWM) plans. Recently, the Palestinian Authority initiated SWM planning to establish controlled sanitary landfills, based on a participatory approach. The purpose of this study was to assess public concerns about existing solid waste dumpsites and public perceptions of sanitary landfill site selection. The study will also take into consideration the effect of diverse social, economic, and environmental related factors of the inhabitants on sitting suitable landfill sites in three Palestinian districts in the West Bank, namely, "Nablus," "Salfit," and "Ramallah and Al-Bireh." The results of this study showed that 64.9% of the sample population are aware of the problems and potential impacts associated with random dumpsites, and 41.6% think that they are suffering from the dumps. Among the environmental, socioeconomic, and political factors, the environmental factors, air pollution in particular, are thought be the most important consideration in selecting a landfill site. The "fairness in selecting a landfill site" was chosen to be one of the most important socioeconomic factors, possibly as a reaction to the Israeli occupation and subsequent land use restrictions in the West Bank, Palestinian territory. PMID:25784608

  20. Determinants of Actor Rationality

    Ellegaard, Chris

    Industrial companies must exercise influence on their suppliers (or supplier actors). Actor rationality is a central theme connected to this management task. In this article, relevant literature is studied with the purpose of shedding light on determinants of actor rationality. Two buyer......-supplier relations are investigated in a multiple case study, leading to the proposal of various additional factors that determine and shape actor rationality. Moreover a conceptual model of rationality determinants in the buyer-supplier relation is proposed, a model that may help supply managers analyse and...... understand actor rationalities. Finally managerial implications are discussed....

  1. Diplomacia pública, municipal-territorial, y la marca país : ¿Las comunidades locales y las colectividades pueden ser actores cooperativos promotores de la imagen argentina entre los pueblos del mundo?

    Macagno, Sergio Luis

    2006-01-01

    La estrategia de los países son interdependientes por la gestión del conocimiento, mediante los canales de recepción y difusión informativa. Un movimiento suave en la “net” se transmite al instante a todo el universo conectado. Click a click los países son evaluados -aceptados y rechazados fácticamente- por otros actores de la comunidad internacional. Es necesario tejer sistemas de diálogo y mediación inteligentes para interrelacionar dinámicamente oportunidades globales generadas, y así p...

  2. Territorial Cooperation With Non-Eu Regions

    Rodriguez-Cohard, Juan Carlos; Alfonso, Javier; Vázquez-Barquero, Antonio

    2012-01-01

    TERRITORIAL COOPERATION WITH NON-EU REGIONS Territorial Cooperation (TC) has been possible because there is a trajectory of many years of work invested by the local actors, participants who have become the architects of TC through the city or region involved. Transcontinental cooperation as studied by the European Union TERCO project is providing important lessons for understanding TC. The purpose of the presentation is to analyze the Andalusian-North of Morocco territorial cooperation during...

  3. International territorial cooperation and local development: the case of Canelones (Uruguay) with spanish territories

    Adrián Rodríguez Miranda

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyzes the recent cooperation of Spanish territories (mainly the Canary Islands and Deputation of Barcelona) with Canelones in Uruguay from 2005 to 2010. The study uses information from in depth interviews, a survey to key actors, as well as bibliographical sources. The aim is to contribute to understand the motivations and foundations of cooperation between these territories, in order to analyze the advantages and opportunities of territorial cooperation to support processes of ...

  4. Actor/Character Dualism

    Riis, Johannes

    2012-01-01

    Our perception of agency may be inherently fallible, and this may explain not only our general awareness of actors when engaged in fictional characters but also the specific case of paradoxical characters...

  5. APLs e Desenvolvimento Territorial: um Estudo sobre o Programa Território da Cidadania Norte do Rio de Janeiro

    Thais Soares Kronemberger

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze the implications of the Local Productive Arrangement of oil in the North Fluminense on regional governance and the process of formation of the Território da Cidadania North-RJ. It starts from the assumption that the unequal distribution of the benefits of oil production chain compromises the territorial development policy, especially concerning the delimitation of the territories, which would have consequences for the practice of social management. By taking the country as unit of management of public policies, the actions to be performed require the involvement and cooperation between different social actors through the establishment of democratic governance in building a common project for development of the territory. Added to this, the territorial delimitation process that necessarily must follow aspects of identity and social cohesion in order to promote the building of joint actions between the various actors for development. The methodological steps contemplated in this study bibliographic, documental and field. Interviews were conducted semi-structured interviews with representatives of business, civil society and government. The research results indicate that the cluster of oil contributes to segregate the municipalities in the North-RJ, which impacts the process of formation of the Programa Territórios da Cidadania in the region and could undermine the social management, due to the limited diversity of actors in decision-making and the difficulty in building consensus needed for dynamic participatory.

  6. Some Comments Concerning the Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice on the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory: The Performance of the European Union

    Perez Bernardez Pérez Bernárdez, Carmela

    2005-01-01

    On December 8th, 2003, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution to submit the question concerning the legality of Israel’s construction of a wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory to the International Court of Justice for an advisory opinion. The Court accepted, and thus entered into the Israeli-Palestinian conflict - one of the most far reaching, difficult, and delicate disputes that the international community has faced. The purpose of this paper is two-fold. First, it...

  7. Development Sociology. Actor Perspectives

    Long, N.E.

    2001-01-01

    Using case studies and empirical material from Africa and Latin America, Development Sociology focuses on the theoretical and methodological foundations of an actor-oriented and social constructionist form of analysis. This style of analysis is opposed to the traditional structuralist/institutional

  8. Contested Territories: Water Rights and the Struggles over Indigenous Livelihoods

    Boelens, R.A.; Duarte, B.; Manosalvas Nicolalde, R.; Mena Vásconez, P.A.; Roa Avendaño, T.; Vera-Delgado, J.

    2012-01-01

    This paper examines the threats to Indigenous water rights and territories in the Andean countries. It analyzes how water and water rights are embedded in Indigenous territories, and how powerful actors and intervention projects tend to undermine local societies and indigenous livelihoods by develop

  9. Flood resilience urban territories. Flood resilience urban territories.

    Beraud, Hélène; Barroca, Bruno; Hubert, Gilles

    2010-05-01

    The flood's impact during the last twenty years on French territory reveals our lack of preparation towards large-extended floods which might cause the stopping of companies' activity, services, or lead to housing unavailability during several months. New Orleans' case has to exemplify us: four years after the disaster, the city still couldn't get back its dynamism. In France, more than 300 towns are flood-exposed. While these towns are the mainspring of territory's development, it is likely that the majority of them couldn't get up quickly after a large-extended flood. Therefore, to understand and improve the urban territory's resilience facing floods is a real stake for territory's development. Urban technical networks supply, unify and irrigate all urban territories' constituents. Characterizing their flood resilience can be interesting to understand better urban resilience. In this context, waste management during and after floods is completely crucial. During a flood, the waste management network can become dysfunctional (roads cut, waste storage installations or waste treatment flooded). How can the mayor respect his obligation to guarantee salubrity and security in his city? In post flood the question is even more problematic. The waste management network presents a real stake for territory's restart. After a flood, building materials, lopped-of branches, furniture, business stocks, farm stocks, mud, rubbles, animal cadavers are wet, mixed, even polluted by hydrocarbons or toxic substances. The waste's volume can be significant. Sanitary and environmental risks can be crucial. In view of this situation, waste's management in post crisis period raises a real problem. What to make of this waste? How to collect it? Where to stock it? How to process it? Who is responsible? Answering these questions is all the more strategic since this waste is the mark of disaster. Thus, cleaning will be the first population's and local actor's reflex in order to forget the

  10. Containment and territorial transnational actors: Israel, Hezbollah and Hamas

    Aran, A.

    2012-01-01

    Containment has been salient in intellectual and policy debates for 60 years. It informed US foreign policy towards the USSR and, later, the so-called rogue states. The endurance of containment beyond the Cold War suggests that it possesses the quality of transferability: the capacity of a grand strategy from the past to transcend the circumstances that gave rise to it, to suggest what should be emulated and what avoided in future policies. Drawing on the notion of transferability and on the ...

  11. Desenvolvimento a Partir da Perspectiva Territorial

    Valdir Dallabrida Roque

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The different contemporary approaches that touches the development focus from the territorial perspective can be classified into two big surveys of the so called new regionalism: the globalist survey and the regionalist survey. Some authors have preferred to focus on the regionalist studies in an excessively optimistic way, this way deserving being critically analysed. In spite of all that, it is possible to visualize a scenery of breathing answers to the challenges of the development territorialization in a way that the different forms of social territorial organization, the territorial collective innovation and the necessary reconsideration of the State´s role deserve destak. This way, it is opened the possibility that the progressive trajectory of territorial development can be managed and administrated from the articulated action of public and private actors.

  12. Regions and the Territorial Cohesion

    Ioan Ianos

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Territorial cohesion is an important target of European Union, constantly promoted by its institutions and their representatives. In the context of the Europe 2020 strategy, one of the most important support documents, the region represents a very important issue, being considered to be the key to its successfulness. The region is seen as a support for the smart growth and all the operational policy concepts try to make use of the spatial potential, by taking better account of the territorial specificities. Two main questions play attention: the need to transform the present-day developmental regions into administrative ones is a priority? What kind of regionalization it must to be promoted? Correlating these issues with already defined territorial cohesion, the administrative region is a real tool for the future territorial development. The experience of the last 14 years asks urgently the building of a new territorial administrative reform, giving competences to regions. For instant, each development region is a construction resulted from a free association of the counties. Their role in the regional development is much reduced one, because their regional councils are not elected; decisions taken at this level are consultative for the social, economical, cultural or political actors.

  13. Fractal actors and infrastructures

    Bøge, Ask Risom

    2011-01-01

    -network-theory (ANT) into surveillance studies (Ball 2002, Adey 2004, Gad & Lauritsen 2009). In this paper, I further explore the potential of this connection by experimenting with Marilyn Strathern’s concept of the fractal (1991), which has been discussed in newer ANT literature (Law 2002; Law 2004; Jensen 2007). I...... under surveillance. Based on fieldwork conducted in 2008 and 2011 in relation to my Master’s thesis and PhD respectively, I illustrate fractal concepts by describing the acts, actors and infrastructure that make up the ‘DNA surveillance’ conducted by the Danish police....

  14. Composite Territories

    Nicholas, Paul; Tamke, Martin

    2012-01-01

    assembly of the fibre reinforced composite structure Composite Territories, in which the property of bending is activated and varied so as to match solely through material means a desired form. This case study demonstrates how one might extend the geometric model so that it is able to engage and reconcile...... varied composition of material, an extension of the digital chain that foregrounds a new need to engage materials at multiple scales within the design process. Recognising that the process of making materials affords perspectives not available with found materials, this paper reports the design and...

  15. The moral problem of worse actors

    Scott Wisor

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Individuals and institutions sometimes have morally stringent reasons to not do a given action. For example, an oil company might have morally stringent reasons to refrain from providing revenue to a genocidal regime, or an engineer might have morally stringent reasons to refrain from providing her expertise in the development of weapons of mass destruction. But in some cases, if the agent does not do the action, another actor will do it with much worse consequences. For example, the oil company might know their assets will be bought by a company with worse environmental and labor practices. Or the engineer might know her position will be filled by a more ambitious and amoral engineer. I call this the moral problem of worse actors (MPWA. MPWA gives reason, at least some of the time, to consider otherwise morally impermissible actions permissible or even obligatory. On my account, doing the action in the circumstances of MPWA remains morally objectionable even if permissible or obligatory, and this brings additional moral responsibilities and obligations to the actor. Similarly, not doing the action in the circumstances of MPWA may also bring additional (but different moral responsibilities and obligations. Acknowledging MPWA creates considerable challenges, as many bad actors may appeal to it to justify morally objectionable action. In this paper, I develop a set of strategies for individuals and institutions to handle MPWA. This includes appeals to integrity and the proper attribution of expressive responsibility, regulatory responsibility, and compensatory responsibility. I also address a set of related concerns, including worries about incentivizing would-be bad actors, concerns about epistemic uncertainty, and the problem of mala in se exceptions.

  16. INSOLVENCY OF ADMINISTRATIVE-TERRITORIAL UNITS

    Verginia VEDINAS

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to carry out an analysis of the regulation of insolvency procedures applicable to the administrative-territorial units. It addresses, in terms of content, three major issues. The first is related to the current constitutional status regarding the manner of administrative-territorial organization of Romania, and the organization and functioning of public administration in the administrative-territorial units.The second issue concerns the analysis of the legal regulations regard...

  17. INSOLVENCY OF ADMINISTRATIVE-TERRITORIAL UNITS

    Verginia VEDINAS; Daniela CIOCHINA

    2014-01-01

    This paper aims to carry out an analysis of the regulation of insolvency procedures applicable to the administrative-territorial units. It addresses, in terms of content, three major issues. The first is related to the current constitutional status regarding the manner of administrative-territorial organization of Romania, and the organization and functioning of public administration in the administrative-territorial units. The second issue concerns the analysis of the legal regulations regar...

  18. Variance Adjusted Actor Critic Algorithms

    Tamar, Aviv; Mannor, Shie

    2013-01-01

    We present an actor-critic framework for MDPs where the objective is the variance-adjusted expected return. Our critic uses linear function approximation, and we extend the concept of compatible features to the variance-adjusted setting. We present an episodic actor-critic algorithm and show that it converges almost surely to a locally optimal point of the objective function.

  19. Actors: From Audience to Provider

    Charlier, Bernadette

    2011-01-01

    This article describes and analyzes actors' experiences of distance learning systems in a wide variety of cultural and organizational contexts. In line with the project of this special series of issues, results of research, much of which is longitudinal, allow us to suggest answers to the following questions: Who are the actors of distance…

  20. National plan of quotas allocations and territories

    The european system of quotas exchange has been developed to encourage the heavy industry to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions, as the steel industry, the refining or the chemical industry. Meanwhile, the National Plan for the Quotas Allocations (PNAQ) includes also a great number of more little installations. This document aims to present the french PNAQ in the european context, and to realize a deep study in order to more detail the territorial actors. (A.L.B.)

  1. REGIONAL COMPETITIVENESS VERSUS TERRITORIAL COMPETITIVENESS: PROJECT TAONABA CASE STUDY - TOWN OF ABYMES, GUADELOUPE

    Neffati Houda

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Territorial intelligence can be defined as the ability of a territory to anticipate socio-economic changes and the resulting knowledge management as well as to generate policies, know-how and innovations that will ultimately create a polycentric area of expertise and service capabilities to enhance the competitiveness of companies located there. It is created by setting up a sustainable development process to review business competitiveness with all the inherent consequences in managing, making, planning and implementing decisions. Territorial competitiveness is an integrated and proactive approach to shaping the future of territories, regions and larger geographies – . to some degree it can also be referred to as spatial planning. It goes beyond traditional regional policy as it brings together economic, social and environment opportunities and in addition to other factors which influence where activities takes place, concerns how different places function and are connected, and what social and business conditions are available Territorial competitiveness strategies can help in exploring the potential for economic growth and job creation and at the same time support an enhanced quality of life by helping to meet the challenge of sustainable development. The article reports on an action research to support the urban community of Cap Excellence in Guadeloupe in its local sustainable development project. After summarizing the terms of the debate surrounding sustainable development and presenting the region, the research is placed back in the context of a more general approach of territorial intelligence.. The limits of developing a local Agenda 21 in the form of a "programmed action plan" give the opportunity to improve territorial intelligence with the concept of agency arising from Foucault's 'dispositif' or apparatus, Deleuze's theory of agency and the actor-network. A discussion on this ontology social will be initiated. We will give

  2. Governance approaches in European territorial cooperation programmes and the implications of macro-regional strategies.

    van der Zwet, Arno; Mcmaster, Irene; BACHTLER, John

    2012-01-01

    Historically, cooperation across borders was an area of activity dominated by central government actors. However, in the EU some of the earliest institutionalised forms of territorial cooperation are based on bottom-up initiatives involving border municipalities. Current territorial cooperation arrangements continue to be strongly based upon local and regional institutions and actors. Theoretical work on Europeanisation, multi-level governance and new regionalism highlights the increased role...

  3. Indicators of radioecological sensitivity of contaminated territories: a proactive and participatory research approach

    Financed partly by the French ministry in charge of environment, PRIME is a participative research coordinated by IRSN. The aim is to develop with stakeholders and experts a prospective method to build a multicriteria decision tool for ranking specificities of territories which identifies its vulnerability in case of nuclear accident. The method is elaborated through the participation of experts, decision-makers and local actors in order to enable the risk managers to choose the appropriate strategy in case of an accident involving radioactive substances. The method establishes the hierarchy of factors of the sensitivity of a territory to radioactive pollution. The studied zone is situated within the radius of about 50 km around three nuclear sites in the South of France. The main questions of this project are the following: Does the sensitivity of the territory of 50 km radius around a nuclear site depend only on the distance from the source or, alternatively, can it vary depending on the type and the use of the soils? Which criteria are important for the people living in the area and how are they balanced? Which of them would be particularly useful for decision-making? Can the multi criteria method be an appropriate tool to treat the data and make them visible and accessible? The characteristic of the project is to combine different opinion of the vulnerability of a territory in a participatory approach. The first step is to identify, alongside with stakeholders, the factors of the sensitivity of a territory and to establish correlation between them. The second step is to provide the managers and people who have to decide in such case with data necessary for working out the preparation and action plans for rationalizing the decision-making in the field of post-accidental management. As expected results, we hope to simplify the representation about territorial consequences of radiological contamination and to elaborate management tools common for different actors

  4. An actor manages: Actor training and managerial ideology

    Chow, BDV

    2014-01-01

    This article reads the development of psychologically based actor training against larger changes in the organisation of work in North America and Europe in the twentieth century. Konstantin Stanislavky's System and later adaptations including the American Method are wrapped into a larger ideology of individual self-management and discipline – mental, physical, and emotional – that accompanies the emergent managerial class of the post-war era. An actor is an ideal manager, and therefore prefi...

  5. Games as Actors - Interaction, Play, Design, and Actor Network Theory

    Jessen, Jari Due; Jessen, Carsten

    2014-01-01

    When interacting with computer games, users are forced to follow the rules of the game in return for the excitement, joy, fun, or other pursued experiences. In this paper, we investigate how games a chieve these experiences in the perspective of Actor Network Theory (ANT). Based on a qualitative data from a study of board games , computer games, and exergames, we conclude that games are actors that produce experiences by exercising power over the user’ s abilities, for example their cognitive...

  6. Hacia un entrenamiento del actor

    Urieta Lago, Amparo

    2010-01-01

    Esta investigación está basada en la intención de crear una guía de entrenamiento para el actor, que busca asumir un compromiso con su cuerpo, como instrumento para la creación escénica. El trabajo del actor-actriz está irremediablemente vinculado a su cuerpo, todo lo humano se enmarca en un cuerpo vivido, en el espacio y en el tiempo, no es algo neutral. Sabemos que cada actor-actriz, tiene una noción de su esquema corporal, entendiendo por esquema corporal la representación en imágenes de l...

  7. Aggregated Computational Toxicology Resource (ACTOR)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Aggregated Computational Toxicology Resource (ACTOR) is a database on environmental chemicals that is searchable by chemical name and other identifiers, and by...

  8. Innovation in the plural of the alpine cre-actors

    Andréa Finger-Stich

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The capacity to innovate for a sustainable development of alpine territories cannot depend only on economic, legal and political conditions defined by the State at national and international levels. It depends also on local conditions that situate historically and geographically the actors in a continuity of social and ecological relationships. This approach highlights the collective – thus organisational – dimensions of the innovation process, including the imagination, the development, the implementation and even the diffusion of a new practice. Our point of view is that for contributing to the sustainable development of the Alps, innovations need to change the ecological, political, social and cultural relationships engaging the actors in these territories. This change affects as much the object territory as the subject actor of the territory. This is why innovating in the Alps means also innovating the Alps and the alpine actors (Cosalp, 2008. Based on a research about local people’s participation in the management of alpine communal forests, the article shows the importance of local interactions involving actors of diverse occupation, gender, age and origins1.La capacité d’innovation pour un développement durable des territoires alpins ne peut dépendre uniquement de conditions économiques, légales et politiques définies par les Etats aux échelles nationale et internationale. Elle dépend aussi de conditions locales, qui situent historiquement et géographiquement les acteurs dans une continuité de relations sociales et écologiques. Cette perspective accentue l’importance de la dimension collective, donc organisationnelle, du processus d’innovation, allant de l’imagination, puis au développement, à la réalisation – voire la diffusion – d’une nouvelle pratique. Le point de vue de cet article est qu’une innovation, pour contribuer au développement durable des Alpes, doit changer les relations

  9. Territorial assemblages simulation for territorial intelligence

    Soulier, Eddie; Neffati, Houda; Legrand, Jacky; Rousseau, Francis; Bugeaud, Florie; Calvez, Philippe; Saurel, Pierre

    2011-01-01

    The following article is based on the theory of assemblage ontology seen as a framework to formalize new projects territories in a perspective of territorial intelligence. The area of research is PARIS-SACLAY Campus, which views the development of a world science cluster. The assemblages are simulating by means of simplicial complexes. Its objective is to offer new decision-making tools to territorial community.

  10. Governance and Territorial Development. System Actions for Local Authority

    Fundación Canadiense para las Américas, (FOCAL)

    2003-01-01

    This volume presents three papers discussing new models of governance, system abilities and learning within the Territorial Integrated Design (PTI). In particular, the papers analyze: the evolution from Territorial Pacts to Territorial Integrated Pacts; territorial governance and integrated design; and local development and governance. They emphasize those significant innovations concerning these three areas which have proved to be decisive to engender and implement local development projects...

  11. You're a What? Voice Actor

    Liming, Drew

    2009-01-01

    This article talks about voice actors and features Tony Oliver, a professional voice actor. Voice actors help to bring one's favorite cartoon and video game characters to life. They also do voice-overs for radio and television commercials and movie trailers. These actors use the sound of their voice to sell a character's emotions--or an advertised…

  12. Actors in land and building cadastre procedures

    Rakovec, Jana

    2012-01-01

    In this graduation thesis I discuss the role of actors in land and building cadastre procedures. Individual surveying services are presented, as well as the role of actors in these individual surveying services. Individual actors are described in great detail, namely with referring to rules and regulations on the basis of which the actors are entering the land and building cadastre procedures. Further on, I offer a description of various manners on how to gain information on actors and also t...

  13. The Territorial Factor

    Knippenberg, Hans; Dijkink, Gertjan

    2001-01-01

    Nowadays political territoriality is profoundly put to the test by globalization, the rise of the network-society, international migration and new types of risk that state governments find hard to control. Yet, new political configurations do not invalidate the relevance of territory and territorial

  14. The Importance of Actor Cleavages in Negotiating the European Constitutional Treaty

    Hosli, Madeleine O.; Arnold, Christine

    2007-01-01

    This paper aims to explore government preferences, cleavages, and pat-terns of coalition-formation among a variety of actors in the bargaining process on the European Constitution, across the range of twenty-five European Union (EU) member states. The study focuses on preferences concerning socio-economic policy-making and explores whether divisions can be discerned between preferences held by actors according to locations on the left-right policy scale, actors in older as compared to newer E...

  15. Islamic actors' support for democracy and European integration: A case for power-seeking?

    Elbasani, Arolda; Saatçioğlu, Beken

    2011-01-01

    This paper investigates when and how Islamic political actors support democracy, and in particular, the EU's democratic criteria subsumed under membership conditionality. The research focuses on the main Islamic organizations in two Muslim-majority, EU applicant states, Turkey and Albania. The analysis suggests that Islamic actors endorsed democratic rules based on a rationalist logic, which combines interest-driven and ideational concerns. The weak Albanian actors have shown unconditional su...

  16. NGO - PRIVATE ACTORS AT AN INTERNATIONAL LEVEL

    Marian MIHAILA

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available International law, taken by globalization, helps emerge “private actors at an international level” by generating “a removal from territories of problems and solutions”. The question of NGO accessing international jurisdictions is situated at this intersection, which is a dangerous one for jurists. The ways of national laws intersect, in fact, with those of international law. More over, private international law, more specifically, the private judicial nature of NGOs that enter into contact with public international law, an intersection that will imprint a plural-disciplinary character that marks this study. Thus, we must follow this rocky road and try a private approach of a question disputed by public law, which is also a part of international law. The risks of maladroitness are numerous, but must be assumed according to their importance and of the rarity of clarification attempts. NGOs, legal persons from private law exercising their activities in international context contain, in fact, elements of foreign origin that result in specific problems of international law. And if “international law can not be the domain of perfect solutions” it can allow however the adoption of others which, that can seem less perfect to some, will possess the aptitude of “creating the laws of a state”. Thus, only by allying public international law to private law, the question of NGOs access to international jurisdictions can receive an answer.

  17. New Actors in Health Financing: Implications for a Donor Darling

    Denis Drechsler; Felix Zimmermann

    2007-01-01

    With concern about how to finance the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) widespread, recent donor pledges to raise aid volumes are welcome. However, aid alone will not suffice – bringing in new actors and sources of development finance will be essential. In many developing countries, this is already happening, creating new opportunities and challenges for their governments and donors....

  18. Self-Recovering Sensor-Actor Networks

    Kamali, Maryam; Petre, Luigia; Sere, Kaisa; 10.4204/EPTCS.30.4

    2010-01-01

    Wireless sensor-actor networks are a recent development of wireless networks where both ordinary sensor nodes and more sophisticated and powerful nodes, called actors, are present. In this paper we formalize a recently introduced algorithm that recovers failed actor communication links via the existing sensor infrastructure. We prove via refinement that the recovery is terminating in a finite number of steps and is distributed, thus self-performed by the actors. Most importantly, we prove that the recovery can be done at different levels, via different types of links, such as direct actor links or indirect links between the actors, in the latter case reusing the wireless infrastructure of sensors. This leads to identifying coordination classes, e.g., for delegating the most security sensitive coordination to the direct actor-actor coordination links, the least real-time constrained coordination to indirect links, and the safety critical coordination to both direct actor links and indirect sensor paths between...

  19. Games as Actors - Interaction, Play, Design, and Actor Network Theory

    Jessen, Jari Due; Jessen, Carsten

    2014-01-01

    When interacting with computer games, users are forced to follow the rules of the game in return for the excitement, joy, fun, or other pursued experiences. In this paper, we investigate how games a chieve these experiences in the perspective of Actor Network Theory (ANT). Based on a qualitative...... data from a study of board games , computer games, and exergames, we conclude that games are actors that produce experiences by exercising power over the user’ s abilities, for example their cognitive functions. Games are designed to take advantage of the characteristics of the human players......, and by doing so they create in humans what in modern play theory is known as a “state of play”...

  20. Managing the Bologna Process at the European Level: Institution and Actor Dynamics

    Lazetic, Predrag

    2010-01-01

    This article analyses the work of the Bologna Follow Up Group as the main institution of the Bologna Process and the perceptions of the policy actors involved concerning the character of the process in terms of its functioning in contrast to similar multi-level multi-actor European processes, its modes of communication and consensus seeking, as…

  1. Radiological monitoring of food on the French territory

    Drink the milk of cows grazing near French nuclear power plants is it really safe in normal times? In case of a nuclear accident leading to release in the environment, what kind of foodstuff can we still eat? In his regulatory mission of environmental monitoring, the French Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN) tends to answer these questions by acquiring radioactivity data in the food chain. Food radiological monitoring program by IRSN is implemented with a three scale strategy. Locally, i.e. within the range 0 to 10 kilometers of nuclear installations, foodstuff locally produced and thus potentially exposed to radioactive sources are frequently sampled and analyzed. At the regional level, specific studies are carried out to establish an updated levels baseline of radioactivity in the environment, especially in agricultural productions characteristic of the area concerned. At the national level, monitoring food aims to map the average contamination observed all around the French territory. This work of vigilance is organized in partnerships with other French actors involved in food monitoring. In the event of a nuclear accident or small-scale incidents, it would allow having an efficient support network of samplers and measurers located on the whole French territory and quickly mobilized in short or medium terms. Since 2008, IRSN has developed a food monitoring program with the Directorate general for food (DGAL) and the Directorate general for competition policy, consumer affairs and fraud control (DGCCRF). These directions have a general mission of food safety control (animal and plant products) and animal feed-stuff, which requires the search for chemical, physical, biological and radioactive substances. Likewise, a sampling program of grain products is efficient since 1969 with the support of France Agrimer. In 2013, the food monitoring is based on multi-radionuclides analysis (cesium, iodine, tritium, alpha emitters...) in about 650

  2. Action adaptation during natural unfolding social scenes influences action recognition and inferences made about actor beliefs.

    Keefe, Bruce D; Wincenciak, Joanna; Jellema, Tjeerd; Ward, James W; Barraclough, Nick E

    2016-07-01

    When observing another individual's actions, we can both recognize their actions and infer their beliefs concerning the physical and social environment. The extent to which visual adaptation influences action recognition and conceptually later stages of processing involved in deriving the belief state of the actor remains unknown. To explore this we used virtual reality (life-size photorealistic actors presented in stereoscopic three dimensions) to see how visual adaptation influences the perception of individuals in naturally unfolding social scenes at increasingly higher levels of action understanding. We presented scenes in which one actor picked up boxes (of varying number and weight), after which a second actor picked up a single box. Adaptation to the first actor's behavior systematically changed perception of the second actor. Aftereffects increased with the duration of the first actor's behavior, declined exponentially over time, and were independent of view direction. Inferences about the second actor's expectation of box weight were also distorted by adaptation to the first actor. Distortions in action recognition and actor expectations did not, however, extend across different actions, indicating that adaptation is not acting at an action-independent abstract level but rather at an action-dependent level. We conclude that although adaptation influences more complex inferences about belief states of individuals, this is likely to be a result of adaptation at an earlier action recognition stage rather than adaptation operating at a higher, more abstract level in mentalizing or simulation systems. PMID:27472496

  3. Territoriality as Medium

    Harste, Gorm

    2010-01-01

      The present paper questions the idea of unity in a circumvented coherent territory as it has been naturalized in modern social and political theory. The paper demonstrates that there was nothing democratic in that idea and in the historical constructions of European state territories. The argum......  The present paper questions the idea of unity in a circumvented coherent territory as it has been naturalized in modern social and political theory. The paper demonstrates that there was nothing democratic in that idea and in the historical constructions of European state territories...... concrete evidences as space, land, roads and bricks. The paper discusses especially the history of French territorialisation from 1500 to 1900 as model for state-territory.The methodological devices of the paper are, first, to observe the territorial state system as an improbable system emerged through...

  4. Interpreting Territory and Power

    Bevir, Mark

    2010-01-01

    This paper offers an interpretive alternative to the idea of the state as sovereign over a territory and possessing a monopoly of power. It interprets both Territory and Power (the book by Bulpitt) and territory and power (the objects studied in that book). Bulpitt’s ideas were part of a broader movement to rethink the state to (i) accommodate new behavioral topics, and (ii) to defend modernist empiricism and institutionalism from the positivism and general theories of behavioralism. Now w...

  5. Privileged Emotion Managers: The Case of Actors

    Orzechowicz, David

    2008-01-01

    Theatre provides a unique set of conditions for the management of emotions. Drawing on participant observation from one repertory theater, three university productions, and interviews with stage actors, directors, and acting instructors, I conceptualize actors as privileged emotion managers. Actors access structural resources that enable their…

  6. Territory, Rights and Mobility

    Zhang, Chenchen

    2014-01-01

    looks at two different notions of territory – a statist one and a networked one – that are visible in the official discourses, yet it highlights the fact that the technologies that are supposed to produce each type of territoriality often converge. Thus I read the politics of Eurostar and the Channel...

  7. Actor bonds after relationship dissolution

    Skaates, Maria Anne

    2000-01-01

    Most of the presented papers at the 1st NoRD Workshop can be classified as belonging to the business marketing approach to relationship dissolution. Two papers were conceptual, and the remaining six were empirical studies. The first conceptual study by Skaates (2000) focuses on the nature of the ...... actor bonds that remain after a business relationship has ended. The study suggests that an interdisciplinary approach would provide a richer understanding of the phenomenon; this could be achieved by using e.g. Bourdieu's sociological concepts in dissolution research....

  8. tradicional: Conflictos y actores laborales

    Héctor Lucena

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo forma parte de una línea de investigación más general que se ocupa de analizar las transformaciones en las Relaciones de Trabajo. El presente documento centra su atención en los cambios que experimenta la Organización del Trabajo y como ellos repercuten en la conflictividad laboral. Se parte de reconocer que la relación capital-trabajo es de naturaleza conflictiva, pero que los mecanismos de convivencia entre las partes y todo el marco regulatorio, permiten y facilitan el desenvolvimiento y la convivencia productiva. Sin embargo, los cambios en la Organización del Trabajo que reducen la fuerza de trabajo y lesionan conquistas históricas de los trabajadores, estimulan el desarrollo de conflictos colectivos, los que materializan en tanto existan constituidos los actores laborales. En el proceso de investigación seguido en esta línea, se revisa la literatura pertinente, se analizan casos de la realidad laboral venezolana reciente vía hemeroteca y entrevistas, privilegiándose la huelga de Sidor en el 2004. Se concluye, destacando que los cambios que paulatinamente se emprenden desde la empresa para modificar la Organización del Trabajo, erosionan la capacidad de respuesta de los actores laborales representativos de los trabajadores.

  9. Territory and development: Conceptual basis for local governance

    Luis Nelson Beltrán Mora; Juan Pablo Bohórquez Montoya; Luis Ernesto Pardo Rodríguez; Luis Fernando Ramírez Hernández; Jaime Alberto Rendón Acevedo; Nestor Juan Sanabria Landazábal

    2011-01-01

    Territories are a human construction, which appears as people inhabit them. In other words, they are generated by the existence of societies, when they transform geographies into their own habitats. Thus, both public and private actors have a chance to organize their communications, interactions and conflicts with the purpose of fulfilling their own needs and desires. As such, they concur with general concepts of social science and governance as a scenario for making public decisions, as well...

  10. [The leprosy "drama": Governador Valadares, public health policies, and their territorial implications in the 1980s].

    Genovez, Patrícia Falco; Pereira, Flávia Rodrigues

    2016-01-01

    The incidence of leprosy in Governador Valadares, Brazil, in the 1980s spurred this town to pioneer the introduction of polychemotherapy. The aim of this research was to understand how the different actors involved in this context interacted, especially the employees and patients at the Special Public Health Service. To identify the territories that these interactions inevitably constituted, a variety of theoretical instruments were used, including dramatism (Burke) and performance (Turner). By taking a theatrical metaphor, we sought to find out the dynamics by which the different actors took the stage and established their most significant relationships in a dynamic process of constituted and reconstituted territories. PMID:27276042

  11. Fully Abstract Game Semantics for Actors

    Wang, Yong

    2014-01-01

    Along the way paved by the recent concurrent game semantics for process algebra CCS and $\\pi$-calculus, based on the basic characteristics of the actor computational model and the very reductive semantics for actors, we establish a fully abstract concurrent game semantics for actors by borrowing the algebraic structure from CCS. This semantics can both be seen as an innocent presheaf semantics, and a concurrent game semantics.

  12. Gaming and Territorial Negotiations in Family Life

    Aarsand, Pal Andre; Aronsson, Karin

    2009-01-01

    This article examines territorial negotiations concerning gaming, drawing on video recordings of gaming practices in middle-class families. It explores how private vs public gaming space was co-construed by children and parents in front of the screen as well as through conversations about games. Game equipment was generally located in public…

  13. Indicators of territorial competitiveness

    Filo, Csilla

    2008-01-01

    International audience The 21st century sees changes in modern society, social structure, territorial policy, public administration and other fields, generated by the European Union, which have a significant impact on the functioning and efficiency of society. For real competences to find their appropriate places and levels, a mature society are required as well as the investigation and improvement of the maturity of territorial levels prior to implementing any measures. To be able to indu...

  14. Territorial justice and Thatcherism

    G A Boyne; Powell, M

    1993-01-01

    Changes in the level of territorial justice in the construction of new dwellings during the 1980s are examined. It has been widely argued that spatial equity has declined since the 1970s, particularly in the context of the 'north - south divide'. Thus, it may be expected that territorial justice -- spatial equity at the local authority level -- also declined during the Thatcher years. The general arguments and evidence on spatial equity are critically reviewed, and then the relationship betwe...

  15. El panorama territorial colombiano

    Paula Robledo Silva

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available i. Antecedentes constitucionales. ii. Bases constitucionales del ordenamiento territorial colombiano a partir de 1991. La convivencia de dos principios. A. Principio unitario. B. Principio de autonomía de los entes territoriales. iii. Las piezas del “rompecabezas territorial”. A. Las entidades territoriales de rango constitucional. B. Las entidades territoriales de rango legal. C. Otras formas de organización territorial. iv. Balance y perspectivas

  16. PERCEPÇÕES DOS ATORES SOCIAIS SOBRE O ATENDIMENTO PRESTADO PELO LABORATÓRIO ÓPTICO DO PROGRAMA DE ASSISTÊNCIA PRIMÁRIA DE SAÚDE ESCOLAR (PROASE NO MUNICÍPIO DE RIBEIRÃO PRETO PERCEPCIONES DE LOS ACTORES SOCIALES SOBRE LA ATENCIÓN DADA POR EL LABORATORIO ÓPTICO DEL PROGRAMA DE ATENCIÓN PRIMARIA DE SALUD ESCOLAR (PROASE EN EL MUNICIPIO DE RIBEIRÃO PRETO PERCEPTIONS OF SOCIAL ACTORS CONCERNING THE CARE DELIVERED BY THE OPTICAL LABORATORY IN THE PROGRAM OF PRIMARY CARE TO SCHOOLCHILDREN (PROASE IN THE CITY OF RIBEIRÃO PRETO

    Maria das Graças Carvalho Ferriani

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo objetivou avaliar o atendimento prestado pelo Laboratório Óptico do PROASE, segundo a percepção dos familiares e professores dos escolares que adquiriram óculos no período de 1991 a 1995, no município de Ribeirão Preto. Utilizamos para a análise dos dados a proposta indicada para análise de conteúdo e para atingirmos os significados manifestos no material qualitativo, utilizamos a técnica de análise temática. Concluímos que os atores sociais manifestam de forma positiva a importância do programa e deixam evidente que o PROASE não só na área de oftalmologia vem trazendo contribuições relevantes para saúde das crianças em idade escolar.El presente estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la atención prestada por el Laboratorio Óptico del PROASE, según la percepción de los familiares y profesores de los escolares que adquirieron gafas, en el período de 1991 a 1995, en el municipio de Ribeirão Preto. Utilizamos para el análisis de los datos la propuesta indicada para el análisis de contenido y para alcanzar los significados dados en el material cualitativo, utilizamos la técnica de análisis temático. Concluimos que los actores sociales manifiestan de forma positiva la importancia del programa y hacen evidente que el PROASE ha traído contribuciones relevantes para la salud de los niños en edad escolar y no solo en el área de oftalmologíaThis study aimed at evaluating the care delivered by the Optical Laboratory of the Program of Primary Care to Schoolchildren (PROASE according to the perceptions of relatives and teachers of children who had acquired glasses from 1991 to 1995 in the municipality of Ribeirão Preto. The content analysis technique was used for data analysis and, in order to observe the meanings shown in the qualitative material, the thematic analysis technique was utilized. It was concluded that that the social actors showed a positive attitude concerning the importance of the program

  17. Territorial Cooperation and socio-economic development in the Old EU , New EU and Non EU

    Topaloglou, Lefteris; Cupcea, Victor; Dimitris KALLIORAS; Pantazis, Panagiotis

    2012-01-01

    Territorial cooperation, taken as collaboration “beyond national boundaries†, among administrative bodies and/or political actors, generally offers the ground for functional cooperation towards problem-solving and challenge-tackling, along with the exploitation of the local and regional potentials. In the EU, given the high-level of political integration amongst the Member States, numerous rules and structures have been created to support territorial cooperation. In this context, the terr...

  18. Population and territory as elements of political power in international relations

    Isaković Zlatko

    2006-01-01

    This paper deals with population and territory as elements of political power of international relations actors. The first part is devoted to the population, i.e. its quantitative (number of people) and qualitative characteristics, i.e. structure, etc. The second part of the paper deals with basic characteristic of the territory (its size, quality, and geographical position). The quality is determined primarily according to economic values of the area. Geographic position depends of neighbors...

  19. Lumi Vlore project (Valona, Albania): a territorial partnership "in progress", a community workshop

    Del Bufalo, Maurizio

    2009-01-01

    The establishment of Territorial Partnerships as a method of international cooperation is an emergent phenomenon of the last decade. This process has been facilitated by the creation of forms of territorial governance that include all the local actors, in part due to the action of EU community programmes as well as to the spreading of a local development culture. Human Development Programmes implemented by UN ART Initiative have shown a great capacity in galvanizing these experiences in the A...

  20. Actors of the hydrogen sector in France

    This document proposes brief presentations (web site address, activities) of actors operating in the hydrogen sector in France. These actors are public actors who can be incentive or financing actors (ADEME, ANR) or research institutions (CNRS, CEA, university and engineering schools, IFP, INERIS, INRETS), private actors like industrial groups (Air Liquide, AREVA, GDF Suez, Total, PSA Peugeot Citroen, Renault, Saint-Gobain, SNECMA, ST Microelectronics, 3M, Veolia Environnement) or small companies (Alca Torda Applications, Axane, CETH2, Helion, MaHytec, N-GHY, PaxiTech, Sertronic, ULLIT). It also presents the HyPAC platform created by the AFH2 and ADEME), the AFH2 (the French Association for Hydrogen), and regional initiatives

  1. Figuring out Actors in Text Streams: Using Collocations to establish Incremental Mind-maps

    Rothenberger, T.; Oez, S.; Tahirovic, E.; Schommer, C.

    2008-01-01

    The recognition, involvement, and description of main actors influences the story line of the whole text. This is of higher importance as the text per se represents a flow of words and expressions that once it is read it is lost. In this respect, the understanding of a text and moreover on how the actor exactly behaves is not only a major concern: as human beings try to store a given input on short-term memory while associating diverse aspects and actors with incidents, the following approach...

  2. Memorias, subjetividades y actores sociales

    Olga Marlene Sánchez Moncada

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta una síntesis temática a modo de balance sobre la producción desarrollada en cinco años de la Maestría en Estudios Sociales de la Universidad Pedagógica Nacional. De hecho, los estudiantes de la línea ''Memoria, identidades y actores sociales'' han adelantado sus respectivas investigaciones en torno a estas temáticas con sus correspondientes especificidades. En cuanto a las memorias, han trabajado indagaciones sobre ciencias sociales escolares y la configuración de memoria nacional, en las cuales se han acompañado procesos de construcción de memoria con organizaciones sociales, además de analizar procesos de construcción de memorias sobre el conflicto armado colombiano. Asimismo, se ha abordado una variedad de temas en el enfoque dado a los individuos con potencial de cambio y transformación social. Finalmente, en relación con las subjetividades se han explorado temas como: performatividad, identidades atribuidas, identidades autoatribuidas y la constitución de sujeto.

  3. Special COP 21 - Stakes and actors

    A first set of article comments and discusses the various stakes and challenges of the 21. Conference of Parties (COP 21): the negotiation process which resulted in a synthesis which is to be signed by 95 States in Paris, the elaboration of an Agenda of solutions with the commitment of enterprises and local authorities, the issue of international financing as some promises remained not kept for the support to adaptation of developing countries. A second set of articles addresses the involved actors and their technological or economic challenges: the needed evolution of energy (electricity, heat, gas, fuel) producers away from fossil energies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, the strategy of the French company Engie in the field of photovoltaic, wind and more generally renewable energies, innovating trends of decentralisation of energy production (offshore wind energy, hydrogen, plasma torch, flexible photovoltaic arrays, the wind tree, the floating wind turbine, new technologies for solar arrays), the perspectives for industrial sectors concerned by energy transition (with the example of Schneider Electric), emerging technologies (oil lamp, new boilers, desalination equipment, storage of wind energy, co-generation), developments and perspectives in the transport sector (example of Renault, new technologies for hybrid propulsion, bio-refineries, reduction of fuel consumption, hybrid aircraft, and heat management in railways) and in the building sector (new standards and applications, new building materials). A last article outlines the threat that climate can be for profitability and the taking of the carbon risk into account by the insurance and financial sectors

  4. The European Union as a Security Actor: Moving Beyond the Second Pillar

    Kamil Zwolski

    2009-01-01

    It is suggested in this article that there is a discrepancy between, on the one hand, literature that focuses on the European Union (EU) as a security actor and, on the other, contemporary security studies literature. This difference concerns the fact that the literature on the EU as a security actor treats security in a narrower sense than how it is approached in the literature on security studies. Over the past few decades, security studies literature has begun to fully acknowledge that the...

  5. Assembling Sustainable Territories

    Vandergeest, Peter; Ponte, Stefano; Bush, Simon

    2015-01-01

    The authors show how certification assembles ‘sustainable’ territories through a complex layering of regulatory authority in which both government and nongovernment entities claim rule-making authority, sometimes working together, sometimes in parallel, sometimes competitively. It is argued that...... dynamic in assembling sustainable territories, and that certification always involves state agencies in determining how the key elements that comprise it are defined. Whereas some state agencies have been suspicious of sustainability certification, others have embraced it or even used it to extend their...

  6. Dissemination of Word of Mouth Based on SNA Centrality Modeling and Power of Actors - An Empirical Analysis of Internet Word of Mouth

    2014-01-01

    Combined with social network analysis (SNA), the actors¡¯ dissemination net of word of mouth is analyzed, and the network of "concern" and "being concerned" is described. With index of centrality measure, three aspects of the actors in the word-of-mouth network are discussed in terms of the degree centrality, betweenness centrality, closeness centrality. The dimensions of the power of actors are divided, and the sample data of word-of-mouth spreading is analyzed with hierarchical clustering. ...

  7. The East China Sea maritime and territorial dispute: a stand-off that suits everybody?

    O'Shea, Paul

    2016-01-01

    Over the past 20 years the East China Sea territorial and maritime dispute has become a key flashpoint in East Asia. Although the dispute has caused diplomatic and economic damage, its existence suits the key actors involved, thus reducing the incentive for resolution. The dispute undergirds the...

  8. TERRITORIAL AND NON-TERRITORIAL AUTONOMY: “ROMANIAN PARADOX”

    CRISTIAN JURA

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Whereas in Romania there are 19 national minorities officially acknowledged by Romanian state, up to present, one did not manage to adopt a special law of national minorities. We identify special disposals related to national minorities in Romanian Constitution, in the law of local public administration, the law of education, the law concerning the election of the Chamber of Deputies and Senate, the law related to political parties, the law for the election of the authorities of local public administration, the law concerning the combating of all forms of discrimination. In the last project of the Law concerning the statute of national minorities in Romania, a new concept is introduced: cultural autonomy of minorities. The cultural autonomy is a form of non-territorial autonomy. Nevertheless, Romania is criticised by some international organisations for the fact that the organisations of national minorities represented in the Parliament of Romania have instituted a monopole, therefore no other organisation of any minority is allowed to participate to the elections.

  9. Territory: An Unknown Quantity in Debates on Territorial Cohesion

    Andreas Faludi

    2013-01-01

    There are complaints about territorial cohesion being a vague concept, but in relevant debates territory, too, figures as an unknown quantity. Thus, is it the fixed property of any state, region or local administrative unit, or is it a malleable social construct; rather than being filled with bounded territories, does space overall contain a dynamic network with fuzzy internal, as well as external boundaries, with implications for territorial cohesion? After all, if the former were to be true...

  10. Territorial intelligence and the three components of territorial governance.

    Miedes Ugarte, Blanca

    2008-01-01

    International audience Globalization processes, on the one hand, and political decentralization, on the other, have increased the complexity of decision making processes on a territory, and have demanded updating the three basic components of territorial governance: cognitive, i.e., the way of thinking and understanding the territory and, as a result, territorial development; socio-political, i.e. the way in which abilities, responsibilities and resources are negotiated in the new decentra...

  11. Patagonia: nature and territories

    Alejandro Fabián Schweitzer

    2014-12-01

    This paper analyzes the place occupied by Patagonia in today’s fin de siècle scenario of commodities, hegemony crisis and multi-polar world emergence concurring with the convergence of consumerist guidelines, all of which would apparently lead to an in-depth socio-ecological crisis as well as to an accelerated dispute over nature and territory sense.

  12. Global corporative territories

    María Laura Silveira

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Each historial period can be seen as a socio-spatial order, a moment in the socio-spatial formation which requires an analysis (more and more complex every day of two important dimensions. First of all, we can analyze what is there, the existence of the territory used, the territory as it is used today from an articulation of the key variables of the time; that is to say, the so-called techno-science complex, with the information and financial contents as well. These variables reveal the hegemonic spatial facade, and their analysis shows how territory works. Secondly, we should pay attention to movement; that is, how the territory is being used and how it could be used. In other words, we should take a look at the possibilities offered by the historical context we are immersed in, which may or may not come true. The scientifically and technically named present state, whose dynamics answers to the totalitarianism of information and finance, can also be the result of other possibilities and combinations which start to come up timidly as ways of life and work.

  13. Burglars: Territory and Strategy

    Polišenská, Veronika

    Kraków: Wydawnictwo Instytutu Ekspertyz Sadowych, 2004, 66-74. ISBN 83-87425-17-8. [14th European Conference on Psychology and Law. Krakow (PL), 07.07.2004-10.07.2004] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7025918 Keywords : Burglars * Spatial behaviour * Territory Subject RIV: AN - Psychology

  14. Governança Territorial um primeiro passo na construção de uma proposta teórico-metodológica

    Valdir Dallabrida Roque; Dinizar Becker Ferminiano

    2003-01-01

    Governance can be understood as the use of power and authority to conduct a country or a region, realizing themechanism, actions and institutions in wich citizens and groups articulate their interests since minimal consensus.Territorial governance happens through the action of different actors/agents in the institutions and organizationsof civil society in social and territorial nets. The definition of new ways for the territorial or regional developmentdepends on the constitution and emergen...

  15. Journalism : new media, new actors - new ethics?

    Fidalgo, Joaquim

    2009-01-01

    The traditional field of journalism has been facing major challenges in recent years, either because new actors have entered that field (professional journalists actually lost the monopoly of searching, gathering, editing and diffusing news in the public sphere), or because the old actors are increasingly asked to play new roles. The social demand for more public participation in the process of handling news and information, added to the fabulous possibilities of communication brought by the ...

  16. Institutional Capacity for Territorial Cohesion

    Van Well, Lisa

    2011-01-01

    Territorial cohesion has its legal basis in the Treaty of Lisbon and is one of the overarching goals in the 2007-2013 Cohesion Policy instruments. Still the definition of territorial cohesion can be characterized as a ‘moving target’ - each EU Member State and region conceptualizes the policy goal in as befits the specific regional challenges and opportunities of the territory. The thesis examines the concept of territorial cohesion as a normative goal that is intended to be implemented at va...

  17. Keys for rural territorial development

    Juan Patricio Molina

    2010-01-01

    This article presents the introductory discourse of the Symposium on Rural Development with Territorial Approach organized by the Research Group on Rural Management and Development at Universidad Nacional de Colombia, held in Bogotá on march 4 and 5 2010. As the framework of the sixty papers presented at the symposium, the concepts of territory and rural development with territorial approach are introduced. Five key elements of rural territorial development are examined.

  18. Radiological monitoring of food on the French territory

    Boissieux, T.; Leprieur, F.; Pierrard, O. [Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety (France)

    2014-07-01

    Drink the milk of cows grazing near French nuclear power plants is it really safe in normal times? In case of a nuclear accident leading to release in the environment, what kind of foodstuff can we still eat? In his regulatory mission of environmental monitoring, the French Institute for Radiological Protection and Nuclear Safety (IRSN) tends to answer these questions by acquiring radioactivity data in the food chain. Food radiological monitoring program by IRSN is implemented with a three scale strategy. Locally, i.e. within the range 0 to 10 kilometers of nuclear installations, foodstuff locally produced and thus potentially exposed to radioactive sources are frequently sampled and analyzed. At the regional level, specific studies are carried out to establish an updated levels baseline of radioactivity in the environment, especially in agricultural productions characteristic of the area concerned. At the national level, monitoring food aims to map the average contamination observed all around the French territory. This work of vigilance is organized in partnerships with other French actors involved in food monitoring. In the event of a nuclear accident or small-scale incidents, it would allow having an efficient support network of samplers and measurers located on the whole French territory and quickly mobilized in short or medium terms. Since 2008, IRSN has developed a food monitoring program with the Directorate general for food (DGAL) and the Directorate general for competition policy, consumer affairs and fraud control (DGCCRF). These directions have a general mission of food safety control (animal and plant products) and animal feed-stuff, which requires the search for chemical, physical, biological and radioactive substances. Likewise, a sampling program of grain products is efficient since 1969 with the support of France Agrimer. In 2013, the food monitoring is based on multi-radionuclides analysis (cesium, iodine, tritium, alpha emitters...) in about 650

  19. Hydroelectricity and territories

    On our river territories, the development of renewable energy and the restoration of the quality of the aquatic ecosystems both illustrate the need to reconcile the different usages of water resources while still guaranteeing proper functioning of the ecosystems. Hydroelectricity is the crux of the problem. Because of its mountainous hydrographic network and its favourable hydrology, the Adour-Garonne basin witnessed large-scale development of its hydroelectric potential throughout the 20. century. Approaching the question of hydroelectricity from the point of view of the river territories puts all the challenges facing them into their true perspective. Two distinct examples in the Adour-Garonne basin illustrate the partnership between the Water Agency and the local authorities in the Garonne and Dordogne basins: on the Garonne River, reconciling water usages with the maintenance of adequate water levels at times of drought; on the Dordogne River, reducing the impact of the hydro-peaking. (authors)

  20. Modern territorial statehood

    Hansen, Nicholas Gerald

    2008-01-01

    This theoretical study considers the interplay between the rights and responsibilities of (postcolonial) states in forming the underpinnings of public international law. It considers the ways states administer their territory, in some cases after having inherited colonially defined boundaries. It then contrasts this with the general sense in international law that basic human rights standards, including the concept of ‘self-determination’, are to be upheld by states themselves. The thesis obs...

  1. Territorial stigmatization in action

    Loïc Wacquant; Tom Slater; Virgílio Borges Pereira

    2014-01-01

    This theme issue of Environment and Planning A builds on the analytic framework elaborated by Wacquant in Urban Outcasts (Polity Press, 2008) and on the activities of the Leverhulme Network on Advanced Urban Marginality to synthesize and stimulate inquiries into the triadic nexus of symbolic space, social space, and physical space at the lower end of the urban spectrum. The concept of territorial stigmatization weds with Bourdieu’s theory of ‘symbolic power’ Goffman’s model of the management ...

  2. Territorial'no-politicheskie i regional'nye geopoliticheskie sistemy: sootnoshenie ponjatij [Territorial-political and regional geopolitical systems: correlation of concepts

    Yelatskov Alexey

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the notions of ‘territorial political system’ and ‘regional geopolitical system' as well as a correlation between them from the viewpoint of the socalled activity-based geospatial approach. A regional geopolitical system includes geopolitical relations between the states within the region and those with powerful external actors. A geopolitical region itself can be characterized by integration, autonomization or a permanent geopolitical conflict. A territorial political system is studied in a broad sense (all political phenomena of a certain territory and in a narrow context (geopolitical relations of a certain territory. The latter is considered to be a subsystem of regional geopolitical system. The research results can be applied in the study of geopolitical regions and geopolitical systems. The article develops a methodology for regional geopolitical and political geographical studies. The author wishes to thank his colleagues from Saint Petersburg State University for their comments on earlier versions.

  3. Rhetoric, Aboriginal Australians and the Northern Territory Intervention: A Socio-legal Investigation into Pre-legislative Argumentation

    James A Roffee

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Presented within this article is a systematic discourse analysis of the arguments used by the then Australian Prime Minister and also the Minister for Indigenous Affairs in explaining and justifying the extensive and contentious intervention by the federal government into remote Northern Territory Aboriginal communities. The methods used within this article extend the socio-legal toolbox, providing a contextually appropriate, interdisciplinary methodology that analyses the speech act’s rhetorical properties. Although many academics use sound-bites of pre-legislative speech in order to support their claims, this analysis is concerned with investigating the contents of the speech acts in order to understand how the Prime Minister’s and Minister for Indigenous Affairs’ argumentations sought to achieve consensus to facilitate the enactment of legislation. Those seeking to understand legislative endeavours, policy makers and speech actors will find that paying structured attention to the rhetorical properties of speech acts yields opportunities to strengthen their insight. The analysis here indicates three features in the argumentation: the duality in the Prime Minister’s and Minister’s use of the Northern Territory Government’s Little Children are Sacred report; the failure to sufficiently detail the linkages between the Intervention and the measures combatting child sexual abuse; and the omission of recognition of Aboriginal agency and consultation.

  4. Bad Actors Criticality Assessment for Pipeline system

    Nasir, Meseret; Chong, Kit wee; Osman, Sabtuni; Siaw Khur, Wee

    2015-04-01

    Failure of a pipeline system could bring huge economic loss. In order to mitigate such catastrophic loss, it is required to evaluate and rank the impact of each bad actor of the pipeline system. In this study, bad actors are known as the root causes or any potential factor leading to the system downtime. Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) is used to analyze the probability of occurrence for each bad actor. Bimbaum's Importance and criticality measure (BICM) is also employed to rank the impact of each bad actor on the pipeline system failure. The results demonstrate that internal corrosion; external corrosion and construction damage are critical and highly contribute to the pipeline system failure with 48.0%, 12.4% and 6.0% respectively. Thus, a minor improvement in internal corrosion; external corrosion and construction damage would bring significant changes in the pipeline system performance and reliability. These results could also be useful to develop efficient maintenance strategy by identifying the critical bad actors.

  5. Local security policies and the protection of territory: an analysis of the Italian experience: 2007-2009

    Calaresu, Marco; Tebaldi, Mauro

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores the territorial dimension of local security policies, with reference to the “Security Pacts” signed in Italy between 2007 and 2009. These Security Pacts are an innovative instrument introduced by the central government, aimed at changing the model of security governance at the local level. After describing how Security Pacts have spread, and which institutional actors have participated in them, this study aims at deepening the analysis of their territorial dimension. More ...

  6. Effective Location Management of Mobile Actors in Wireless Sensor and Actor Networks

    Nauman Aslam

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Recent years have witnessed an increasing availability of heterogeneous sensor networks that consist of a large number of resource constrained nodes (sensors and a small number of powerful resource rich nodes (actors. Such heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Actor Network (WSANs offer improvement of sensor networks' capacity/coverage, energy conservation and network lifetime. This paper investigates the case where sensors are organized into clusters and mobile actors are used for maintaining an energy efficient topology by periodically manipulating their geographical position. We present an elegant technique that allows actor nodes to find an optimal geographical location with respect to their associated cluster heads such that the overall energy consumed is minimized. The proposed technique includes a weighted cost function based on the residual energy levels of cluster heads that allows the mobile actor to optimally fine-tune its geographical location. We present simulation results that demonstrate a significant increase of network lifetime over the traditional cluster based WSN deployments.

  7. New Actors and Alliances in Development

    Richey, Lisa Ann; Ponte, Stefano

    2014-01-01

    ‘New actors and alliances in development’ brings together an interdisciplinary group of scholars exploring how development financing and interventions are being shaped by a wider and more complex platform of actors than usually considered in the existing literature. The contributors also trace...... governments. Despite the diversity of these actors and alliances, several commonalities arise: they are often based on hybrid transnationalism and diffuse notions of development responsibility; rather than being new per se, they are newly being studied as practices that are now coming to be understood...... as ‘development’; and they are limited in their ability to act as agents of development by their lack of accountability or pro-poor commitment. The articles in this collection point to images and representations as increasingly important in development ‘branding’ and suggest fruitful new ground for critical...

  8. Territory and territorial behavior of migrating Common Coot (Fulica atra)

    ZHANG Wei-wei; LIU Wei; MA Jian-zhang

    2011-01-01

    Territory and territorial behavior of the Common Coot (Fulica atra) were studied in two breeding sites, Anbanghe Nature Reserve and Daqing Longfeng wetland, in Heilongjiang Province, China from April to October in 2008 and 2009.In the breeding season, the breeding pairs occupied an area and protected it throughout the reproduction, and both interspecific and intraspecific conflicts were observed.Territory activities became severe since early May, the peak of territory behaviors appeared at late May, and then declined gradually.The territorial activities level was higher than that in the nest building period than in the laying and incubation periods.The most adopted behavioral model was expelling,which was the least energy cost.The degree of territorial behavior tended to be descended since the development of breeding phase.The territory size differed from 1 333 m2 to above 5 000 m2.Wintering population was observed in Poyang Lake of Jiangxi Province.The coots gathered in the open water; however, there was no territory behavior both in the interspecies and intraspecies in wintering sites.The hypotheses why there was territory behaviors for coots both in the interspecies and intraspecies were also discussed.

  9. Territory: An Unknown Quantity in Debates on Territorial Cohesion

    Andreas Faludi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available There are complaints about territorial cohesion being a vague concept, but in relevant debates territory, too, figures as an unknown quantity. Thus, is it the fixed property of any state, region or local administrative unit, or is it a malleable social construct; rather than being filled with bounded territories, does space overall contain a dynamic network with fuzzy internal, as well as external boundaries, with implications for territorial cohesion? After all, if the former were to be true, territorial cohesion would refer to qualities of what is inside bounded territories. If it were to be the latter, then the meaning of territorial cohesion would include qualities of the relations within a complex network of socially constructed, sometimes ephemeral constructs. There are implications for the ways subsidiarity and multi-level governance are invoked in EU discourse where there is a similar failure to question the underlying notion of territory. What is relevant here is the distinction between a ‘territorial’ and ‘relational’ geography. Considered opinion suggests that these alternatives can and, in view of the persistence of the principle of territorial representation, must be reconciled. However, though firmly entrenched, some constitutional theorists question the very principle. The debate is far from conclusive but at least it shows that discussion, even of this apparently fundamental principle is possible.

  10. Characteristics of pornography film actors: self-report versus perceptions of college students.

    Griffith, James D; Hayworth, Michelle; Adams, Lea T; Mitchell, Sharon; Hart, Christian

    2013-05-01

    The assumed characteristics of individuals in the adult entertainment industry have been used to advocate positions for and against pornography. Although prior studies have investigated perceptions of porn actors, no data on the actual characteristics of this group exist. The present study compared the self-reports of 105 male and 177 female porn actors to the perceptions of 399 college students on childhood sexual abuse (CSA), self-esteem, work and non-work sexual behaviors, and safe sex issues. College students were asked to identify the characteristics associated with either a male or female porn star. College students provided underestimates for both female and male porn actors on self-esteem, age of first intercourse, lifetime number of partners outside of work, ideal experience in a romantic partner, concerns regarding sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), enjoyment of sex, and condom use during a first time sexual encounter, but overestimated earnings. Additional differences among male porn stars included an underestimate of the number of partners at work. For female porn stars, college students underestimated their enjoyment of work, the probability of catching an STD, and having unprotected sex. Although there were no significant differences on perceived rates of childhood abuse of porn actors, the incidence of CSA among the porn actor participants were within the ranges of the general population. The majority of college student stereotypes were not supported regarding the perceptions of porn actors. These findings were discussed within the context of attributing unfounded characteristics of individuals to an entire industry. PMID:23179237

  11. TERRITORIAL DIMENSION OF INTEGRATED INVESTMENTS

    Florin Marian BUHOCIU

    2014-01-01

    The paper presents new developments in territorial development plan starting from the need to accelerate them in a European context (EC,2013). It introduced the concept of Integrated Territorial Investments (ITI) as the main vector for the implementation of territorial development at the sub-regional, regional, national or trans-boundary level. It shows the features of this concept (advantages, disadvantages) and makes a brief presentation of the possibilities of implementation in Romania, Tu...

  12. Globalization, Territory and Local Development.

    Julia Gabriela Eraña-López; María Isabel Graciela Vélez-Dávila; Pedro Manuel Rodríguez-Suarez

    2011-01-01

    This article describes some concepts that address the study of the problems in local areas, which are influenced by globalization, where the territory is the starting point for the construction of local public policies. First of all, this article analyze the relationship between development and territory in order to establish the importance of that dimension. Second, it evaluates the need to link the territories in order to increase their level of development, and thirdly, this article highli...

  13. Off-Policy Actor-Critic

    Degris, Thomas; Sutton, Richard S

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents the first actor-critic algorithm for off-policy reinforcement learning. Our algorithm is online and incremental, and its per-time-step complexity scales linearly with the number of learned weights. Previous work on actor-critic algorithms is limited to the on-policy setting and does not take advantage of the recent advances in off-policy gradient temporal-difference learning. Off-policy techniques, such as Greedy-GQ, enable a target policy to be learned while following and obtaining data from another (behavior) policy. For many problems, however, actor-critic methods are more practical than action value methods (like Greedy-GQ) because they explicitly represent the policy; consequently, the policy can be stochastic and utilize a large action space. In this paper, we illustrate how to practically combine the generality and learning potential of off-policy learning with the flexibility in action selection given by actor-critic methods. We derive an incremental, linear time and space complexi...

  14. The rising influence of urban actors

    Nijman, J.E.

    2009-01-01

    It is time to recognize cities as global actors. City networks are reaching across the globe and local city governments are collaborating on crucial environmental issues. Coordinating policy at a local level, they are increasingly taking the lead in tackling global problems such as climate change.

  15. The Corporation as a Political Actor

    Rasche, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    . On the other hand, European scholars have recently promoted an understanding of corporate social responsibility (CSR) emphasizing that firms often assume a political role because they increasingly provide public goods and become involved in multi-actor governance processes. This article contrasts...... perspectives share a number of commonalities and complement each other....

  16. Sobre o natural e o actor

    Tavares, Margarida

    2010-01-01

    Neste artigo, procura-se reflectir sobre o conceito de natural quando aplicado ao trabalho do actor. Parte-se de quatro relevantes textos da dramaturgia ocidental, a saber: Hamlet, de Shakespeare; Crítica da ‘Escola das mulheres’ e O improviso de Versalhes, de Molière; e O teatro cómico, de Goldoni.

  17. Territory: An Unknown Quantity in Debates on Territorial Cohesion

    Faludi, A.K.F.

    2013-01-01

    There are complaints about territorial cohesion being a vague concept, but in relevant debates territory, too, figures as an unknown quantity. Thus, is it the fixed property of any state, region or local administrative unit, or is it a malleable social construct; rather than being filled with bounde

  18. Territorial Privacy in Smart Environments

    Könings, Bastian; Schaub, Florian; Weber, Michael; Kargl, Frank

    2010-01-01

    Territorial privacy is an old concept for privacy of the personal space dating back to the 19th century. Despite its former relevance, territorial privacy has been neglected in recent years, while privacy research and legislation mainly focused on the issue of information privacy. However, with the

  19. Developing Indicators of Territorial Cohesion

    Gallina, Andrea; Farrugia, Nadia

    (EU). The objective of territorial cohesion, which builds on the European Spatial Development Perspective (ESDP), is to help achieve a more balanced development by reducing existing disparities, avoiding territorial imbalances and by making sectoral policies, which have a spatial impact and regional...

  20. Les enjeux de la professionnalisation des agents de développement. L'ingénierie territoriale prise en étau entre les conceptions organique et mécaniste du développement territorial

    Dany Lapostolle

    2011-01-01

    This article connects the regulation mechanisms of territorial public action, to issues related to the professionalization of development agents, who are pivotal actors of territorial engineering. By entering into epistemic communities, they pave the way for a pragmatic regulation of public action. However, the competitive register of territorial excellence, coupled with new forms of bureaucratic controls, transform the “project territories” into segments of policies implementation set by com...

  1. TERRITORIAL ETHNICITY: STATE TERRITORY, ETHNIC CLANS AND CONFLICTS IN KENYA

    MEDARD, Claire

    1999-01-01

    The focus of this work and the use of new sources provide us with a renewed understanding of the ethnic clashes that have torn Kenya apart during the 1990s. The theoretical framework of this research is based on the notion of State territory and control. Ethnic clashes, the creation of new ethnic districts and the enclosure of natural areas all of them refer back to the territorial organisation of administration. In Kenya, land, territory and ethnicity seem utterly mingled in spite of the int...

  2. The moral problem of worse actors

    Wisor, Scott

    2014-01-01

    Individuals and institutions sometimes have morally stringent reasons to not do a given action. For example, an oil company might have morally stringent reasons to refrain from providing revenue to a genocidal regime, or an engineer might have morally stringent reasons to refrain from providing her expertise in the development of weapons of mass destruction. But in some cases, if the agent does not do the action, another actor will do it with much worse consequences. For example, the oil comp...

  3. Test Case Generation of Actor Systems

    Albert Albiol, Elvira; Arenas Sánchez, Purificación; Gómez Zamalloa, Miguel

    2015-01-01

    Testing is a vital part of the software development process. It is even more so in the context of concurrent languages, since due to undesired task interleavings and to unexpected behaviours of the underlying task scheduler, errors can go easily undetected. Test case generation (TCG) is the process of automatically generating test inputs for interesting coverage criteria, which are then applied to the system under test. This paper presents a TCG framework for actor systems, which consists of...

  4. Ethnic identity, territory and sustainable development

    This article explores, within the relationship between territory and society, the various points concerning cultural, social and ethnic identity through which the social contract on sustainable development must confront its greatest contradictions. The political position taken as regards sustainable development seeks cultural unity as a necessary condition for establishing modern forms of behavior to deal with styles of development and the management of the environment, for which to reconcile cultural diversity and the permanent social interaction between different ethnic groups, which is both imperative and of the utmost urgency

  5. Towards feature selection in actor-critic algorithms

    Rohanimanesh, Khashayar; Roy, Nicholas; Tedrake, Russell Louis

    2009-01-01

    Choosing features for the critic in actor-critic algorithms with function approximation is known to be a challenge. Too few critic features can lead to degeneracy of the actor gradient, and too many features may lead to slower convergence of the learner. In this paper, we show that a wellstudied class of actor policies satisfy the known requirements for convergence when the actor features are selected carefully. We demonstrate that two popular representations for va...

  6. ORDENAMENTO TERRITORIAL DO ALTO ACRE

    Siviero, Amauri; Bayma, Marcio Muniz Albano; Medeiros, Magaly F.S.T.

    2008-01-01

    A implantação do ordenamento territorial do Alto Acre é etapa fundamental para o planejamento da ocupação dos espaços e direcionamento de atividades em busca do desenvolvimento regional. Este trabalho teve como objetivo criar um referencial teórico para a implantação do ordenamento territorial da região do Alto Acre. A organização deste trabalho foi dividida em duas partes: a primeira tratou da contextualização jurídico-institucional do ordenamento territorial da Amazônia, sua interface com z...

  7. THE UNEMPLOYED TERRITORIAL PROFESSIONAL REORIENTATION

    Consuela NECŞULESCU

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This article begins with the assessment regarding the relation between partial occupancy, education and the unemployed reorientation. The main section of the article analyzes from a statistical point of view the unemployed territorial reorientation concentrationing upon a county area according to data provided by AJOFM Argeş. There are emphasized here not only tendencies, structural dynamics but also processes of concentration and diversification upon age groups. A few final remarks are closing in an optimistic manner the analysis of the unemployed territorial reorientation in the specified territory.

  8. From Regionalisation to Territorial Management: the role of the "Regional" Development Agencies in Turkey

    Montabone, Benoît

    2010-01-01

    International audience The creation of Regional Development Agencies at the regional scale in Turkey introduces new actors within the centralised development process of the country. These RDAs lie at the core of the creation of regional growth coalitions through supporting regional business communities. More than being a regionalisation process under the EU pressure, they appear as new instruments enhancing endogenous capital and promoting regional capacities through new territorial manage...

  9. Territorial clusters of economic cooperation : citizens' and institutional processes for social innovation

    Myriam Matray; Jacques Poisat

    2014-01-01

    Coming from civil society and entrepreneurial processes in a bottom-up strategy, territorial clusters of economic cooperation (inspired by french economic clusters) could hardly emerge and develop separately from public institutions. The approach by local collective strategies shows indeed that citizens’ and institutional processes combine to create groups of social actors. But such governance is not obvious, needs to be organized, taking into account the purposes, constraints, means of each ...

  10. VIOLENCIA Y RECONFIGURACIÓN TERRITORIAL EN EL ÁREA METROPOLITANA DE BUENOS AIRES

    Marcelo Barrera; Leandro Gielis; Fernando Stratta

    2010-01-01

    This work aims at analyzing the territorial reconfiguration processes that were deployed from the structural changes begin to be imposed for three decades in our continent. It should be noted that primary and secondary sources used. Thus, the statistics illustrate the macro process, while allowing interviews to collect the voice of the actors on that process. The conclusions highlight of our work argue that the urban area has become a progressive peripheral centrality as a new social space of...

  11. Redes Chaco: comunicación para la sustentabilidad territorial

    Emiliano Venier

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available [es] El presente trabajo propone un acercamiento a un conjunto de prácticas y nociones que intervienen en la configuración comunicacional dinamizada por un conjunto de actores sociales que se vinculan en una organización denominada Redes Chaco, cuyo funcionamiento responde al modelo de red. Este colectivo se constituye como un espacio relacional que promueve la articulación entre organizaciones que trabajan en torno al interés por crear condiciones para la sustentabilidad territorial de una amplia región reconocida como Gran Chaco Americano (GCHA que abarca territorios del centro y norte de Argentina, y sur de Bolivia y Paraguay. El trabajo, en su interés por reconocer las prácticas comunicacionales, pone en discusión un conjunto de nociones y categorías como las de territorio, sustentabilidad, red y comunicación que aparecen como articuladoras en la organización. [en] This paper proposes an approach to a set of practices and notions that shape the communicative model of a set of social actors who are linked to an organization called Redes Chaco whose operation responds to the network model. This group was established as a relational space that promotes the articulation between organizations working around the interest in creating conditions for territorial sustainability of a large region known as Gran Chaco Americano (GCHA which covered parts of central and northern Argentina, and southern Bolivia and Paraguay. With interest to identify the communication practices, this study raises discuss a set of notions and categories such as territory, sustainability, networking and communication that appear as links in the organization.

  12. 75 FR 1559 - Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials; Notice of Receipt of...

    2010-01-12

    ... COMMISSION 10 CFR Part 32 Association of State and Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials; Notice of... Territorial Solid Waste Management Officials (ASTSWMO) (petitioner). The petition was docketed by the NRC and... petitioner states it is tasked with identifying national level radiation issues of concern and...

  13. Methodological Approaches concerning Steady Socio-Economic Development of City

    A. Berezhna; Yu. Popova

    2010-01-01

    The urgent for today problem of socio-economic development of cities of Ukraine is explored there. Modeling is the methodological basis of research.On the basis of the detailed analysis of works of domestic and foreign scientists in the field of socio-economic development there has been defined basic types of models (linear, partial improvement, multiple-line, actor, structural), generalized the developments in relation to territorial development, to which in particular belong: analysis of fu...

  14. Environment Protection (Northern Territory Supreme Court) Act 1978, No.30

    This Act relates to the enforcement by the Supreme Court of the Northern Territory of certain provisions for protecting the environment in the Alligator Rivers Region; it provides that the Supreme Court has jurisdiction to make orders concerning enforcement of provisions relating to the environmental effects in the Region of uranium mining operations. (NEA)

  15. Cohesion Policy Contributing to Territorial Cohesion: Future Scenarios

    Faludi, A.; Peyrony, J.

    2011-01-01

    The Barca Report advocates for developmental policies to be ‘place-based’: integrated as far as they affect ‘places’. The debate on territorial cohesion is equally concerned with integrating relevant policies and actions. This requires well-established democratic institutions and adequate responses

  16. Globalization, Territory and Local Development.

    Julia Gabriela Eraña-López

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This article describes some concepts that address the study of the problems in local areas, which are influenced by globalization, where the territory is the starting point for the construction of local public policies. First of all, this article analyze the relationship between development and territory in order to establish the importance of that dimension. Second, it evaluates the need to link the territories in order to increase their level of development, and thirdly, this article highlights the importance of local development that seeks to influence the set of problems arising in each territory. Finally, it underlines the fact that local development provide a sine qua non elements that improves the standard of leaving of millions of people, particularly in emerging countries such as Mexico.

  17. Regions and the Territorial Cohesion

    Ioan Ianos; Irina Saghin; Gabriel Pascariu

    2013-01-01

    Territorial cohesion is an important target of European Union, constantly promoted by its institutions and their representatives. In the context of the Europe 2020 strategy, one of the most important support documents, the region represents a very important issue, being considered to be the key to its successfulness. The region is seen as a support for the smart growth and all the operational policy concepts try to make use of the spatial potential, by taking better account of the territorial...

  18. Roundtable on territorial economic development

    Boisier, S.; Vázquez Barquero, A.; Arocena, J.; Cotorruelo Menta, R.; Canzanelli, G.

    2009-01-01

    In this virtual roundtable, five experts – academics and development practitioners – discuss the importance of territorial economic development in times of globalization and financial crisis. The “local factor” can be considered a crucial differentiating element, that favours the emergence of alternative development strategies, and one of the most convincing approaches to addressing the current crisis. The five experts share their ideas on the role of territorial economic development in addre...

  19. Scaling in territorial ecological networks

    Mander, Ü.; Külvik, M.; Jongman, R.H.G.

    2003-01-01

    Territorial ecological networks are coherent assemblages of areas representing natural and semi-natural landscape elements that need to be conserved, managed or, where appropriate, enriched or restored in order to ensure the favourable conservation status of ecosystems, habitats, species and landscapes of regional importance across their traditional range (Bennett, 1998). In this study we demonstrate the hierarchical character of territorial ecological networks, recognize common elements and ...

  20. Land use transformations, territory naturalness and ecological planning

    Maria Speranza

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available An analysis is made of the land use transformations over the last sixty years, as well as the consequences of these transformations on the naturalness of the territories of three municipalities of the “Nuovo Circondario Imolese” (Bologna, Italy. The selected municipalities are: Medicina, Borgo Tossignano and Castel del Rio, which represent the main territorial aspects of the “Nuovo Circondario Imolese”.The land use transformations are quantified through the GIS comparison of the land use maps of the years 1995, 1976, 1994 and 2003. The corresponding legends are transformed into the five categories of the first level CORINE Land Cover classes. The naturalness increases in the three territories throughout the period 1955-2003, but with different quantitative importance: limited for the territory of Medicina and progressively increasing from Borgo Tossignano to Castel del Rio. Urban areas increase too, but following a gradient opposite to the one concerning naturalness. The land use transformations in the “Nuovo circondario imolese” are similar to the trends reported for the same period in Italy as a whole and in many other European countries. Concerning the effects of land use transformations on the territory naturalness and biodiversity, our results highlight the critical state of the intensively used areas and the marginal areas. Some lines of action for a correct ecological planning of these different situations are suggested.

  1. Policy analysis of multi-actor systems

    Enserink, Bert; Kwakkel, Jan; Thissen, Wil; Koppenjan, Joop; Bots, Pieter

    2010-01-01

    Policy analysts love solving complex problems. Their favorite problems are not just technically complex but also characterized by the presence of many different social actors that hold conflicting interests, objectives, and perceptions and act strategically to get the best out of a problem situation. This book offers guidance for policy analysts who want to assess if and how their analysis could be of help, based on the premise that problem formulation is the cornerstone in addressing complex problems. This book positions policy analysis within the theories on processes of policy making, and f

  2. Going Concern eller Concerned Going

    Haraszuk, Anni; Hartmann, Stig

    2012-01-01

    Højsæsonen for revision af årsrapporter 2011 er på trapperne; men hvordan håndterer revisorer egentlig going concern i praksis - i en tid præget af stejle op- og nedture?......Højsæsonen for revision af årsrapporter 2011 er på trapperne; men hvordan håndterer revisorer egentlig going concern i praksis - i en tid præget af stejle op- og nedture?...

  3. Actores sociales y ambitos de construccion de politicas ambientales Social actors and scenarios in the generation of environmental politics

    Eduardo Gudynas

    2001-01-01

    Se analiza el concepto de "actores claves" en la generación de políticas ambientales. Independientemente de la definición de actor social que se maneje, el asumir la existencia de actores claves ofrece limitaciones conceptuales y prácticas, ya que éstos son coyunturales a cada situación específica. Todos pueden ser actores claves en generar políticas ambientales cumpliendo papeles diferenciales. Como alternativa se utiliza el término de "actores destacados" y se revisan aspectos sobresaliente...

  4. Diásporas y transiciones en la Teoría del Actor-Red Diasporas and transitions in Actor-Network Theory

    Blanca Callén

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Este texto es una presentación del monográfico Diásporas y transiciones en la teoría del actor-red. Sus páginas presentan las principales características de esta teoría, una manera de entender sus orígenes y una descripción de su presente estableciendo un paralelismo con la etnometodología. El texto finaliza con una valoración del estado de la teoría del actor-red en España y un comentario sobre un congreso que llevó el título de Presente y futuro de la teoría del actor-red y que constituye el embrión del presente monográfico. En el texto se defiende una tesis muy simple: la teoría del actor-red nace con cierta relevancia para el pensamiento social en el momento en que se difracta en una miríada de usos y aplicaciones diferentes. El principal corolario de este hecho también es muy sencillo: la gran diferencia entre la teoría del actor-red y otras propuestas del pensamiento social es su permanente estado de diáspora y transición.
    This paper is an introduction to the monograph titled Diasporas and Transitions in the Actor-Network Theory. Drawing a parallel with ethnomethodology, its pages present the main features of this theory, a way to figure out its origins and a description of its present. The text ends with a brief look at the state of art of actor-network theory in Spain and an appraisal of a meeting titled Present and Future of Actor-Network Theory, which is the origin of our monograph. In this paper we put forward a very simple idea: Actor-Network Theory was born with certain relevance in Social Sciences when it diffracted in a myriad of different uses and applications. The main corollary of such an idea is also straightforward: the very difference between Actor-Network Theory and other perspectives in Social Sciences resides in the permanent diaspora and transition of the former.

  5. Ecologically important territories; 1 : 1 000 000

    Ecological importance of territory is assessed from the point of view of protected territories and elements of the territorial system of ecological stability (TSES) it contains, and other eco-stabilising landscape elements. Eco-stabilising elements are forests, shrubbery, heterogeneous agricultural areas and different types of grasslands, which are not included either in protected territories or the TSES elements. According to heir combinations, the territory of Slovakia can be characterised in 9 categories: starting by ecologically very important territories and ending by ecologically little important territories. (author)

  6. Territorializing policies or generating territorial polices, practical reflexions

    Enrique Gallicchio

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The working hypotheses are three: Local development is a political strategy of change. We are not speaking of a new paradigm, methodology, or a new scholarly theoretical framework, but by contrast, a political change strategy. In this sense we are in front of an instrument that is more ¨social political¨ than ¨technical¨, strictlyspeaking.Given what has already been stated, and the experience of Latin America it is necessary to debate around territorializing policies vs. policies that are territorialized. Two main issues arise, on the one hand, the influence of territory throughout the entire process of local policy making (agenda setting, formulation, implementation,monitoring and evaluation, and what it means to defend ¨territorial sovereignty¨ in articulating strategies.Finally, that the space to go in depth in terms of generation of territorial policies (the raison d etre of a political strategy demands action in multilevel governance (local, regional, national, local economic development and social capital.

  7. Territorial development. A new approach to development processes for the economies of the developing countries

    Bernard Pecqueur

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to show how the elements of a (flexible and adaptable model of territorial development, whose roots are anchored in the analysis of coordination among pre-capitalist actors, can take on a more concrete form in developing economies. Our hypothesis is that the application of this model functions as a resurgence of pre-capitalist production relations, revalidated by local practices and renewed by territorial dynamics. Is such a return to pre-capitalist ways possible and realistic despite the obstacles and, if so, under what conditions? These are the questions this paper seeks to address, by the way of a specifically economic analysis focused on the dynamics of productive systems. On the first part, we review the fundamental principles of a model of territorial development based on a local system of actors, which assumes that the territory is “constructed” and is founded, according to our approach, on the principle of specification. On the second part, we assess the feasibility of this model in developing economies, remembering that we are starting from practices that are already old; practices involving risks and that assume certain conditions of implementation.

  8. Changes in retail food and drink distribution in Argentina 2001-2003: Towards new territory horizontalities

    Josefina Di Nucci

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper introduces the main changes in the distribution of food and drinks in Argentina, which began with the economic, political and social crisis in 2001. The territory used by some of the social actors involved, such as businesses of different sizes (supermarkets and neighborhood stores and people (consumers, will no longer respond exclusively to a global order or to territorial verticalities. Many of these new tendencies will be led by local norms connected with territorial horizontalities. The most important of these changes is the fact that consumption has become oriented towards: sales, smaller packaging, second and third brands, supermarkets' own brands, new shopping frequencies, a combination of several distribution channels with the so-called "back-to-the-neighborhood" phenomenon, and single-item shopping.

  9. Food, place, territorialization. From territory appreciation to successful businesses

    Dessì, Silvia

    2014-01-01

    During the last decades, the awareness of the bond between food and its territory of origin has grown, and food perceived to be local and traditional increased in its attractiveness. Aware of this scenario, the purpose of this dissertation is to explore in depth the phenomenon of place-based food: firstly, it aims for a better understanding of the concept of place-based food; secondly, the purpose is to study the territorial orientation of food companies, trying to understand how local and gl...

  10. Bridgman's concern

    In 1956 P.W. Bridgman published a letter to the editor in the Journal of Applied Physics reporting results of electrical resistance measurements on iron under static high pressure. The work was undertaken to verify the existence of a polymorphic phase transition at 130 kbar (13 GPa) reported in the same journal and year by the Los Alamos authors, Bancroft, Peterson and Minshall for high pressure, shock-compression loading. In his letter, Bridgman reported that he failed to find any evidence for the transition. Further, he raised some fundamental concerns as to the state of knowledge of shock-compression processes in solids. Later it was determined that Bridgman's static pressure scale was in error, and the shock observations became the basis for calibration of pressure values in static high pressure apparatuses. In spite of the error in pressure scales, Bridgman's concerns on descriptions of shock-compression processes were perceptive and have provided the basis for subsequent fundamental studies of shock-compressed solids. The present paper, written in response to receipt of the 1993 American Physical Society Shock-Compression Science Award, provides a brief contemporary assessment of those shock-compression issues which were the basis of Bridgman's 1956 concerns

  11. Redefining territorial scales and the strategic role of spatial planning

    Galland, Daniel; Elinbaum, Pablo

    2015-01-01

    This paper argues that spatial planning systems tend to redefine and reinterpret conventional territorial scales through the dual adoption and articulation of legal instruments and spatial strategies at different levels of planning administration. In depicting such redefinition, this paper delves...... into the cases of Denmark and Catalonia through an analysis concerned with: i) the strategic spatial role attributed to each level of planning; and ii) the redefinition of territorial scales as a result of changing political objectives and spatial relationships occurring between planning levels. The...... assessment pertaining to the strategic roles of spatial planning instruments as well as the evolving redefinition of territorial scales in both Denmark and Catalonia suggests that the conventional, hierarchical ‘cascade-shaped’ ideal of policy implementation is superseded. While both cases tend to converge...

  12. Sustainability and strategies for ‘rebuilding’ abandoned territories

    Maria Cristina Forlani

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The study concerns the L’Aquila territory, at a particular point in time (post earthquake, when past and present vulnerabilities call for structural interventions that will ensure powerful and lasting recovery. This article focuses on one particular aspect of the overall work we are carrying out: the identification of appropriate sustainable development materials and technologies for testing in situ. Briefly, and for contextual purposes, we set out the cultural and scientific reference points (familiarity with territorial sustainability levels for appropriate and informed choices that underpin the research statement; we outline the parallel survey topics that complete the strategic territorial development framework, for a better understanding of the subject. In particular, we refer to actions for promoting a different sort of residentiality underpinned by sustainable mobility, and access to services, new job opportunities in eco-industrial clusters for sustainable building and further opportunities stemming from the integration of the agricultural, energy and tourist sectors.

  13. Territorial sovereignty and trafficking in the Indonesia-Malaysia borderlands

    Eilenberg, Michael

    2012-01-01

    This chapter aims to explore the role that anti-trafficking initiatives have played in attempts by the Indonesian state to reclaim authority along its territorial borders. Drawing on data collected between 2002-2007 through personal interviews, government reports and newspaper clippings, it docum...... negative consequences along a border where the mundane practices of undocumented labour migration are often not distinguished from the more exploitative practices of human trafficking.......This chapter aims to explore the role that anti-trafficking initiatives have played in attempts by the Indonesian state to reclaim authority along its territorial borders. Drawing on data collected between 2002-2007 through personal interviews, government reports and newspaper clippings, it...... documents how increased criminalization and the prevention of unauthorized flows of cross-border labour migrants have come to the foreground of national rhetoric concerning border development, territorial sovereignty and security. The chapter argues that the anti-trafficking discourse has had unintended...

  14. Territorial system of stress factors; 1 : 500 000

    On this map the Territorial system of stress factors on the territory of the Slovak Republic is shown. Territorial system of stress factors (TSSF) is created by the synthesis of natural and anthropogenic factors. The natural stress factors are the results of evolution processes, while the anthropogenic stress factors represent the consequences of socio-economic development. They are the accompanying phenomena of human activities in landscape. From the spatial and physiognomic aspects, cores, lines, and areas can be defined in the framework of TSSF. The individual elements of TSSF were assessed according to extent, frequency of occurrence, and intensity of effects of the individual stress factors. As far as genesis is concerned, the line and areal elements were classified according to semi-natural, anthropogenic, and combined (semi-natural-anthropogenic). (author)

  15. Symmetrical twins: On the relationship between Actor-Network theory and the sociology of critical capacities

    Guggenheim, Michael; Pottast, Joerg

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the elective affinities between Actor-Network Theory (ANT) and the sociology of critical capacities. It argues that these two research programmes can be understood as symmetrical twins. We show the extent to which the exchange between Bruno Latour and Luc Boltanski has influenced their respective theoretical developments. Three strong encounters between the twin research programmes may be distinguished. The first encounter concerns explanations for social change. The sec...

  16. Territorial stigmatization and local belonging

    Jensen, Sune Qvotrup; Christensen, Ann-Dorte

    2012-01-01

    Loïc Wacquant has made a widely read and debated contribution to critical research on contemporary urban marginality. A central part of the theoretical framework is that residents of deprived areas internalize territorial stigmatization, which then has a range of negative effects. Based on empiri......Loïc Wacquant has made a widely read and debated contribution to critical research on contemporary urban marginality. A central part of the theoretical framework is that residents of deprived areas internalize territorial stigmatization, which then has a range of negative effects. Based...... on empirical research this paper assesses Wacquant's conception of territorial stigmatization and suggests some points where urban sociology might go beyond or adjust Wacquant. The empirical research focuses on Aalborg East, a deprived area in the northern part of Denmark. Through media analysis...

  17. Innovation in Multi-Actor Partnerships

    Christensen, David

    2014-01-01

    innovative sustainable technological solutions and business models through partnerships. In this paper, an action research study is presented involving the early stage development of a commercial venture addressing waste problems in Vietnam involving CARE International and Danish companies in the waste......Access2innovation is an initiative based in Denmark that develops and tests innovative new ways to build and implement strategic partnerships between civil society, business and academia. The objective is to meet perceived market opportunities and challenges in developing countries by developing...... to success lie in providing actors with a sound base for decision-making as well as active bi- and multilateral negotiations. As a novel experiment, the study shows that access2innovation can provide a platform conducive for partnership-based innovation for development....

  18. Technology strategy as macro-actor

    Tryggestad, Kjell

    2003-01-01

    third case account for how the strategic technology and the strategic collective emerge and co-produce each other as a macro-actor, only to become transformed in unexpected ways - as common technology and reflective human subjects.In the concluding section, it is argued that the humanity of the......-human entities to the explanatory repertoire of strategy research, another line of inquiry is pursued. The performative perspective thus proposed, is inspired by the classical work of Von Clausewitz and the recent anthropology of science, technology and organizational identities. In the proposed perspective, the...... outcomes.Three cases are presented, each of them with a particular bearing on how materials participate in the making of emerging strategic identities and outcomes:The first case account for strategies transforming plans into anti-plans. This is a case of how a strategic plan is betrayed (or rejected) by...

  19. Games Real Actors Could Play: The Problem of Connectedness

    Scharpf, Fritz W.

    1990-01-01

    This paper continues the examination, begun in MPIFG Discussion Paper 89/9, of the validity of game-theoretic explanations in empirical social science research. Assuming that real actors with bounded rationality would be unable to cope with the explosive complexity of n-person games, discussion focuses first on the conditions under which corporate actors and coalitions, as well as collective and even aggregate actors can be legitimately treated as unitary players. In addition, the importance ...

  20. Games Real Actors Could Play: The Challenge of Complexity

    Scharpf, F.

    1991-01-01

    This paper continues the examination of the validity of game-theoretic explanations in empirical social science and policy research. Assuming that real actors with bounded rationality would be unable to cope with the explosive complexity of n-person games, discussion focuses on the conditions under which corporate actors and coalitions, as well as collective and even aggregate actors, may be legitimately treated as unitary players. In addition, the importance of functional differentiation and...

  1. Developing virtual actors inspired by real actors’ practice

    Silva, Rogério E. da; Santos, Manuel Filipe; Iurgel, Ido

    2011-01-01

    Autonomous Digital Actors represent the next step in animating 3D characters. How to create such virtual actors remains an open question. This work presents and discusses an agent architecture derived from how real actors learn their art from acting schools. The knowledge base relies on a rule-based system where each rule encodes explicit knowledge into a classification vector which allows agents to suggest performances even for unforeseen situations, and to adjust their ...

  2. The Territorial Dimensions of Education

    Moore, Niamh; Ancien, Delphine

    2013-01-01

    The ‘Europe 2020 Strategy’ was issued in 2010 by the European Commission. This document constitutes a growth scheme for the decade 2010-2020 that aims to help the European Union to emerge from the current crisis through the so-called smart, sustainable and inclusive dimensions of growth. In this context, the basic aim of the SIESTA (“Spatial Indicators for a ‘Europe 2020 Strategy’ Territorial Analysis”) Project has been to illustrate the territorial dimension of the ‘Europe 2020 Strategy’. In...

  3. Tools for territorial sustainability policies

    Industrial ecology and sustainable development share the concept of territory. Two models of territorial development are proposed: Eco industrial Parks and Italian Districts. Both models use industrial-ecology concepts and strategies, but both are still far from incorporating sustainability. This ideal could be pursed by more and better networking, in the first case to strengthen links with the local community, and in the second to increase financial resources. The Masurin project, co-funded by the EU, provides a response to this lack. This article describes Batter (one of the Masurin tolls) and its application to the city of Venice)

  4. Claves del desarrollo territorial rural

    Molina Ochoa, Juan Patricio

    2012-01-01

    Este artículo recoge las palabras introductorias al Coloquio Internacional sobre Desarrollo Rural con Enfoque Territorial organizado por el Grupo de Investigación en Gestión y Desarrollo Rural de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, celebrado en Bogotá el 4 y 5 de marzo de 2010. Como marco de las sesenta ponencias expuestas durante el evento, se introducen los conceptos de territorio y de desarrollo rural con enfoque territorial y se examinan cinco elementos claves para abordar esta temática....

  5. Actores sociales y ambitos de construccion de politicas ambientales Social actors and scenarios in the generation of environmental politics

    Eduardo Gudynas

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available Se analiza el concepto de "actores claves" en la generación de políticas ambientales. Independientemente de la definición de actor social que se maneje, el asumir la existencia de actores claves ofrece limitaciones conceptuales y prácticas, ya que éstos son coyunturales a cada situación específica. Todos pueden ser actores claves en generar políticas ambientales cumpliendo papeles diferenciales. Como alternativa se utiliza el término de "actores destacados" y se revisan aspectos sobresalientes de varios de ellos en América Latina. Seguidamente se postula que el análisis se debe centrar en los escenarios sociales donde esos actores se pueden manifestar. Se ofrece una distinción preliminar de escenarios que permite integrar a nuevos y viejos movimientos sociales y establecer relaciones de articulación y equivalencia.The concept of "key actors" in the field of environmental politics is analyzed. Beyond the definition of social actor, the assumption of the existence of key actors implies conceptual and practical limitations, as it depends of each specific situation. Everyone could be a key actor under differential roles in the generation of environmental politics. As an alternative, the term "noteworthy actors" is used and a brief review of them in Latin America is presented. The relevant question should address the social scenarios from where these actors can express themselves. A preliminary distinction of scenarios is presented, in which old and new social movements could be integrated and relationships of articulation and equivalence could be established.

  6. Private Actors on the Rise? The Role of Non-State Actors in Compliance with International Institutions

    Börzel, Tanja

    2000-01-01

    (Transnational) private actors have a significant role in ‘global governance’. But their influence varies significantly, both across time and issues. The major challenge for theorizing about non-state actors in world politics is not only to demonstrate that they matter but explain where, when, and how they matter. This paper takes issue with these challenges by looking at the role of private actors in compliance with international institutions. The first part of the paper clarifies the concep...

  7. Perception of the situation in the Arctic by key actors and the possibility of conflict escalation

    Filip Chrášťanský

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the perception of the situation in the Arctic by key actors. The authors reach the conclusion that the situation in the Arctic is characterized by deepening cooperation. Peaceful development is furthermore supported by a complex network of institutionalized relations and the fact that all territorial disputes so far have been resolved peacefully. The most important question about the near future will thus rest in the distribution of competences between the involved institutions and states. This will eventually lead to the convergence of the interests of the Arctic five who wish to maintain their dominant position in the region. If conflicts escalate, they would most likely only result in limited confrontations and not in a grave crisis, much less war.

  8. Between authority and media actor. The municipality as a news actor on the Internet

    Signe Bock Segaard

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    The article illuminates how local authorities as news actors fill their websites with content. This is done through a study of how active the local authorities are as news actors on the Internet, what kinds of electronic news dissemination they do in practice, and to what degree they experience dilemmas in electronic news dissemination. The analytic point of departure is the tension between a journalistic ideal of news mediation relates to democratic values and a strategic ideal of communication related to branding. Empirically the analysis is based on data from several Danish and Norwegian municipalities which are considered as particularly active on the Internet. Finally the article discusses municipal news mediation on the Internet in the light of the municipality as a public authority as well as a market actor, a service provider, and as a democratic actor. The question is in what way municipal news dissemination on the Internet is a democratic gain. The article shows that the work with news dissemination on the Internet to some degree is characterized by professionalization, centralization, and bureaucratization. The democratic gain of municipal news dissemination is an empirical question and related to the criteria of news selection (in practice. Furthermore the article shows that some municipalities have a more strategic focus while others have a more journalistic focus but one focus does not rule out the other.

  9. One Territory,Two Administrations

    2007-01-01

    The conflicts between Fatah and Hamas have split the Palestinian territory.Now the future of peaceful negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian is dim The violent conflicts between Palestine’s two main mili-tary parties, the Palestine National Liberation Movement (Fatah) and the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas), have quickly expandedsince June.

  10. Integrated territorial management and governance

    Galland, Daniel

    This was the last in a series of three postgraduate workshops undertaken by the ENECON project during the period 2012-2014. A total of 28 master’s students, postgraduate students and lecturers from the Nordic-Baltic region gathered at the Utzon Centre in Aalborg to discuss territorial governance...

  11. International Political Actorness of the European Union: Evaluation Criteria

    GNATYUK N.N.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The European Union is a completely new international entity which is hard to evaluate using traditional criteria of political actorness. Its active international presence stimulates the modeling of international actor features beyond the scope of “state-international organization” scheme. The concept of international actorness serves as a starting point for the development of appropriate analytical model. Unlike the traditional state-centered approaches which define an international actor through its affiliation witch the international system, this concept operates at the internal level of international entity and at the international structure level. Furthermore, both of these levels are treated as ontologically neutral and mutually constitutive. This basic theoretical scheme is used for elaboration of evaluation criteria of political actorness. The proposed system of criteria is based on drawing, synthesizing and developing the main writings on “new international actors” since the times of classic work by Carol A. Cosgrove and Kenneth J. Twitchett. The key elements of actorness assessed in this article include defining of capacity to act on the global scene as well as the acceptance by other actors and by international system as a whole. At the internal level, the EU’s actor capacity is measured by assessing its core elements ranging from core aspects, such as autonomy, authority, actor capability, coherence and cohesion to identity aspects. On the external level, the decisive criteria are recognition and acceptance by others which reflect expectations and perceptions of the EU. The proposed approach of evaluating the international actorness enables us to consider the political activity of the EU on the basis of coordinated system of interaction between the variables of international and domestic levels of the analysis. Furthermore, this contributes to the development of cumulative, coherent, and comprehensive theory of international

  12. Comment évaluer la contribution d'une formation au développement territorial ? Réflexion à partir de l'expérience d'une université paysanne dans le Nordeste du Brésil

    Coudel, E.; Tonneau, J.P.

    2007-01-01

    As the Brazilian government incentives participation in political decisions and decentralization, in particular by the implementation of territorial policies, the need to capacitate the actors becomes more visible. In the Northeast of Brazil, a Peasant University was thus created in 2003, to train 35 peasant leaders within the Cariri territory. Before disseminating this first experiment, an evaluation of the contributions of this training on the development of the territory is being led. Thro...

  13. Teaching, Learning, and Leading: Preparing Teachers as Educational Policy Actors

    Heineke, Amy J.; Ryan, Ann Marie; Tocci, Charles

    2015-01-01

    Within the current federal, state, and local contexts of educational reform, teachers must be recognized as central actors in policy work, but rarely do we explicitly consider preparing teachers to become policy actors. Understanding these implications for teacher education, we investigate teacher candidates' learning of the complexity and…

  14. INTERCO - Indicators of territorial cohesion. Final Report

    Dao, Quoc-Hy; Plagnat Cantoreggi, Pauline; Rousseaux, Vanessa; Angelidis, Minas; Batzikou, Spyridoula; Bazoula, Vivian; Tsigkas, Epameinontas; van Well, Lisa; Sterling, José; Schürmann, Carsten; Böhme, Kai; Gloersen, Erik; Brockett, Susan

    2012-01-01

    32 Top Indicators for 6 Territorial Cohesion Priorities. INTERCO- Indicators of Territorial Cohesion- delivers valuable input for policy makers and scientist interested in indicators for territorial cohesion. The analytical framework developed by the research team proved to be applicable and successful in revealing the existing spatial disparities and territorial cohesion trends in Europe and can be used by policy makers at different levels. According to the Final Report, the main results sho...

  15. Urban Territorial Commmunities and their Influence Forming Urban Recreational Territories

    Inga Urbonaitė

    2011-01-01

    Town green areas are very important elements of urban structure, it is used for leisure, recreation, buidling social relations. Their importance is measured not only from ecological point of view, but also from estetical and economical.It is important to understand, not only how recreation system influeces the surrounding environment, but also what should it be to meet urban territorial communities needs.Article in Lithuanian

  16. 33 CFR 2.22 - Territorial sea.

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Territorial sea. 2.22 Section 2... Jurisdictional Terms § 2.22 Territorial sea. (a) With respect to the United States, the following apply— (1) Territorial sea means the waters, 12 nautical miles wide, adjacent to the coast of the United States...

  17. Importancia de los territorios rurales en el proceso de reestructuración territorial: el caso de la región metropolitana de la ciudad de Puebla

    Héctor Bernal-Mendoza

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se exponen las principales contradicciones entre el proceso de ordenamiento territorial y el concepto de desarrollo para la región metropolitana de la ciudad de Puebla. Asimismo se enfatiza la importancia de los territorios rurales, sus actores y su cultura en este proceso. En este marco, y con base en el enfoque territorial del desarrollo, en el carácter multifuncional de la tierra y el agua y la teoría del capital social, se evidencia la importancia de la reorganización y caracterización del espacio y sus actores para un modelo más sustentable de planeación y desarrollo con enfoque territorial.

  18. Collaborative environmental assessment in the Northwest Territories, Canada

    Recent trends in environmental assessment theory and practice indicate a growing concern with collaboration and learning. Although there are few examples of the institutional, organizational, and socio-political forms and processes required to foster this collaboration and learning, the establishment of an environmental planning, management, and assessment regime in Canada's Northwest Territories offers useful insights. Consequently, this paper identifies and examines the institutional, organizational, and socio-political conditions that have encouraged more collaborative forms of environmental assessment practice in the Northwest Territories. Key issues highlighted include: (1) the development of decentralized regulatory organizations more responsive to changing circumstances; (2) strategies for more effective communication and participation of community interests; (3) efforts to build a collaborative vision of economic and social development through region-specific land use plans; (4) the integration of knowledge frameworks; and (5) a concern with the capacity required to encourage effective intervention in the assessment process

  19. The European Union as a Security Actor: Moving Beyond the Second Pillar

    Kamil Zwolski

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available It is suggested in this article that there is a discrepancy between, on the one hand, literature that focuses on the European Union (EU as a security actor and, on the other, contemporary security studies literature. This difference concerns the fact that the literature on the EU as a security actor treats security in a narrower sense than how it is approached in the literature on security studies. Over the past few decades, security studies literature has begun to fully acknowledge that the concept of security has broadened beyond traditional ‘hard’ security concerns and can encompass many different issues, for example the security implications of climate change. However, the literature on the EU as a security actor very often associates security only with the second pillar of the EU’s organisational structure; in particular the intergovernmental cooperation embodied by the Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP and the European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP. The main purpose of this article is to utilise the broader security studies approach to security as a means to expand the understanding of security in the context of the EU’s performance on the international stage. This is important because it allows the Union’s �����actorness’ in the field of security to be examined in a more holistic manner.

  20. Territory management an appropriate approach for taking into account dynamic risks

    Fernandez, M.; Ruegg, J.

    2012-04-01

    The territorial approach in risk analysis is well established in scientific communications in recent years, especially in the francophone literature. It is an especially appropriate approach for exploring a large number of criteria and factors influencing, on the territory, the composition of the vulnerabilities and risks. In these sense, this approach is appropriate to identify not only risks due to natural hazards but also social and environmental risks. Our case study explores the catastrophic landslide, a collapse of 6 millions cubic meters of rock in Los Chorros, in the municipality of San Cristobal Verapaz-Guatemala, in January 2009. We demonstrate that the same natural hazard has different consequences within this territory and may also increase or even create new vulnerabilities and risks for the population. The analysis shows that the same event can endanger various aspects of the territory: resources, functions (agriculture, or houses uses for example) and allocations and highlights the different types of vulnerabilities that land users (i.e., farmers, merchants transport drivers) face. To resolve a post-disaster situation, the actors choose one vulnerability among a set of vulnerabilities (in a multi-vulnerability context) and with this choice they define their own acceptable risk limits. To give an example, the transport driver choose to reduce the economic vulnerability when going to the local market and crossing the landslide (physical vulnerability). In the context of a developing country with weak development and limited resources, land users that become the Risk managers after the disaster are compelled to prioritize between different actions for reducing risks This study provides a novel approach to risk management by adding a political science and geography dimension through the territory approach for improving our understanding of multi-hazard and multi-risk management. Based on findings from this case study, this work asserts that risk is not

  1. Innovación y desarrollo territorial: algunos debates teóricos recientes

    Ricardo Méndez

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available La innovación se ha convertido, durante la última década, en un concepto de uso cada vez más frecuente en todo tipo de ámbitos, consolidándose la idea de que un esfuerzo de innovación sostenido resulta hoy un factor clave para mejorar la competitividad de las empresas y favorecer un desarrollo en los territorios. Este artículo recoge las principales aportaciones pluridisciplinarias a la geografía de la empresa, presentando luego algunos estudios de caso en orden a caracterizar los territorios innovadores, así como los factores que contribuyen a su impulso. Finalmente, se examina la relación entre los territorios, los actores locales y las empresasInnovation has became, during the last decade, in a widely used concept in all kind of disciplines, consolidating the idea that a sustained innovation effort is a main factor in order to improve the competitiveness of the firms and territorial development. This paper presents the main multi-disciplinary contributions to the firm geography, exhibing next some case studies in order to characterize innovating territories, as well as the factors wich contribute to their improvement. Finally, the relation between territories, local actors and firms is examined

  2. From one marsh to another, changing swamps - Exercise of reflexivity within the water and territories system: wetland renaturation / restoration

    Sandoz, Alain; Chauvelon, Philippe; Boutron, Olivier

    2013-04-01

    agriculture in this valley and a challenge for this activity (cereals, beef, fodder production, olive ...) against the maintenance of the drainage system (pump stations, dykes etc..). The relict marsh is privately owned, quite unaccessible and often unknown by the public and the fifty years of agricultural conversion into polders have partially helped oversight the original nature of the ancient "marais des Baux". The purpose of this work will be, through an interdisciplinary approach to propose evolution scenarios but also, and especially in the concern of governance that will protect Wetlands without forgetting the human and economic issues. These scenarios will have to be done in a sake of sustainable development in which both, actors and nature, will win. This project aims to bring new knowledge for better governance of territories and water-related uses with a view to preserve wetlands. The construction of prospective models will take into account the assumptions of future scenarios for social water resource demand. The response of ecosystems and territories with this request will determine its relevance in this environmentally acceptable approach for the maintenance, improvement or renaturation of "natural environments" and especially wetlands. This project is financed by French Environment Ministry program "Eaux et Territoires" .

  3. Local mobilisation against windfarm developments in Spanish rural areas: New actors in the regulation arena

    The region of Valencia has a marked territorial duality: an urbanised, populated and high-income coastal line, and mountain and depressed inland rural areas. This territorial duality also derives in a functional duality, so that market and regulation drivers seem to assign rural areas specific roles for the provision of raw materials, energy, water, and the like. One of the clearest examples can be found in the design and development of the Wing Energy Plan passed by the Regional Government in 2001, which designated areas for the installation of windmills. However, this regulation has resulted in an outstanding emergence of associations that have organised at several levels (from the local to the national) as a strong opposition movement to the local developments of the Plan. With this background, the objective of this paper is to analyze, from a set of case studies, the processes of emergence and the evolution of collective actors (associations) which have been arising in many rural areas as a response to the local applications of the Wind Energy Plan. Attention will be paid to understand the tactics used, the process of adaptation to the participation mechanisms, and the role played by local and non-local networks.

  4. Local mobilisation against windfarm developments in Spanish rural areas. New actors in the regulation arena

    The region of Valencia has a marked territorial duality: an urbanised, populated and high-income coastal line, and mountain and depressed inland rural areas. This territorial duality also derives in a functional duality, so that market and regulation drivers seem to assign rural areas specific roles for the provision of raw materials, energy, water, and the like. One of the clearest examples can be found in the design and development of the Wing Energy Plan passed by the Regional Government in 2001, which designated areas for the installation of windmills. However, this regulation has resulted in an outstanding emergence of associations that have organised at several levels (from the local to the national) as a strong opposition movement to the local developments of the Plan. With this background, the objective of this paper is to analyze, from a set of case studies, the processes of emergence and the evolution of collective actors (associations) which have been arising in many rural areas as a response to the local applications of the Wind Energy Plan. Attention will be paid to understand the tactics used, the process of adaptation to the participation mechanisms, and the role played by local and non-local networks. (author)

  5. National plan of quotas allocations and territories; Plan national d'allocation des quotas et territoires

    Arnaud, E

    2002-03-15

    The european system of quotas exchange has been developed to encourage the heavy industry to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions, as the steel industry, the refining or the chemical industry. Meanwhile, the National Plan for the Quotas Allocations (PNAQ) includes also a great number of more little installations. This document aims to present the french PNAQ in the european context, and to realize a deep study in order to more detail the territorial actors. (A.L.B.)

  6. Is carbon lock-in blocking investments in the hydrogen economy? A survey of actors' strategies

    The difficulty of introducing hydrogen and fuel cells in the market stems from the fact that they are not an evolutionary innovation such as biofuels or hybrid cars. Instead they create a disruption in technological utilization. The domination of oil technologies sets a socio-economical context favoring actors involved in the current paradigm, and gives less opportunity to alternative fuels to develop and challenge the status quo. If this hypothesis is correct, then companies interested in the hydrogen economy would not become active because of an unstable context or contradictory interests concerning the replacement of the present system. A review of actions and announcements of main actors shows that technology readiness and the absence of infrastructure are the major justifications to delay investments. Some measures are discussed, which could be deployed in order to reduce uncertainties, such as regulation of carbon emissions from cars, technological subvention, and partnerships for infrastructure implementation.

  7. Is carbon lock-in blocking investments in the hydrogen economy? A survey of actors' strategies

    The difficulty of introducing hydrogen and fuel cells in the market stems from the fact that they are not an evolutionary innovation such as biofuels or hybrid cars. Instead they create a disruption in technological utilization. The domination of oil technologies sets a socio-economical context favoring actors involved in the current paradigm, and gives less opportunity to alternative fuels to develop and challenge the status quo. If this hypothesis is correct, then companies interested in the hydrogen economy would not become active because of an unstable context or contradictory interests concerning the replacement of the present system. A review of actions and announcements of main actors shows that technology readiness and the absence of infrastructure are the major justifications to delay investments. Some measures are discussed, which could be deployed in order to reduce uncertainties, such as regulation of carbon emissions from cars, technological subvention, and partnerships for infrastructure implementation. (author)

  8. TRANSNATIONAL MOBILITY IN A BORDER TERRITORY: ASIAN COMMUNITIES IN SPAIN

    Joaquín Beltrán Antolín

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Spain, an European Union country, has become a new location for Asian transnationalism, a new territory to explore, an horizon to discover, a border to cross over. The Spanish economy is an attractive sector for Asian investment and business initiatives, that receives projects and initiatives already tested in other places, or new ones, particularly adapted to the local factors. The diasporas that have taken place, can be categorised, in general terms, into three typologies: the commercial diaspora, the elite and “bottom-up transnationalism”; three models of transnationalism which –in Spain– have demonstrated great adaptability and a high level of integration into the social and economic life of the welcoming country. However, at the same time, inevitable processes of economic competition have been unleashed and have sometimes given rise to violent outbreaks of racism and xenophobia. The Asian disembarkation of its diasporas in a boundary territory of Europe such as Spain, together with the accompanying economic and entrepreneurial dynamism, foster both the increase of wealth and the internationalisation of the national economy. Asian transnationalism –in the context of Spain– should be considered as multinodal and not exclusively binational (origin and destination, as the links actively maintained by the actors-agents of transnationalism include different Asian immigrant communities scattered throughout the world, as well as the countrie of origin. Spain is just another location, one step more in the cross-over that Asian transnationalism involves; in short, a boundary territory that is still filled with opportunities to explore.

  9. Mondialization: The negation of territory

    Đorđević Dejan

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this paper is to present some weaknesses and inconsistence of the mondialization/globalization concept, especially regarding obvious negation of territoriality as a principle and a crude reality of uneven spatial distribution of resources, wealth and population on global scale. The domination of the globalism and neo-liberalism in the spheres of economy, society, culture and even language leads toward greater differences, in such intensity that some authors describe it as a "clash of civilizations". Loosing territoriality means loosing "raison d’etre" of spatial planning. Some efforts to introduce participation as a planning solution for the beginning of the new century is actually a Trojan horse and a step in the wrong direction.

  10. Confidence, Actors' Beliefs and Transparency: the Case of ANDRA

    Considering the predominant position of nuclear power in France, one could think that nuclear in France has always benefited from a high consensus within the French opinion. The emerging of nuclear and its development through years in France, might seem to have taken place in a rather singular climate of good social acceptability, if compared with other countries. Yet, now that the question has to be raised concerning the management of long-life radioactive waste, things are complicated. A strong contest accompanies each choice of a site that could be dedicated to stocking those very sensitive wastes. Actually, only one site has been found and accepted by local political authorities. A laboratory has been created by ANDRA, with the scope to study the opportunity to stock long-life radioactive waste. The decision should take place in 2006 and, since many years, is at the origin of a strong controversy between actors in favour or against the project. How to explain that? Why in a country where everything has been done for the nuclear development, is it so difficult to find a place to manage the residues of such an activity? It is even amazing to see that, on this specific topic, controversy is even stronger in France than in Sweden, although the Swedish opinion is by far less nuclear-friendly than the French one. The present paper focuses on one aspect of the strategy followed by ANDRA in order to achieve its mission: the essential aspect of the social acceptability of its activities. The comprehension of the difficulties met by ANDRA is not possible without taking into account the history of French nuclear and the catastrophic lack of democracy that characterised it. Among the results from an inquiry done by CREIDD for ANDRA in 2002, it indeed emerged that ANDRA was most of all perceived as an entity belonging to a global 'nuclear sphere'. Although rather young, ANDRA therefore has to carry with it the 'weigh of history' of the whole 'sphere', and its social

  11. Territorial Defense, Education, and Interculturalism

    Claudia Patricia Sierra Pardo

    2011-01-01

    The article carries out a series of reflections regarding the social and economic conditions in which the cultivation of oil palm affected the Bajo Atrato region of the Department of Chocó at the end of the nineteen nineties. It also discusses the actions carried out by communities, companies, and organizations in solidarity with the region’s cause, since these expressions make it possible to understand the role of organization and education in territorial defense processes. Finally, the arti...

  12. TERRITORIAL INTELLIGENCE AMONG BUCHAREST REGION

    Ioan RADU; BRÂNZAŞ Beniamin Viorel; MATEI Ramona Mihaela

    2013-01-01

    TThis paper proposes a relatively new concept for Romania, but commonly used in developed countries such as Germany, France, Holland and Italy. Debate on the scope of economic and territorial intelligence in Romania derived from a series of government measures and projects which foster the integration of urban and rural settlements in their own organizational entities, even autonomous. According to the literature and to developed cities, there might be patterned some specific features that ar...

  13. Corporate governance : A territorial approach

    CREVOISIER, Olivier; Corpataux, José

    2010-01-01

    Until the 1980s, the finance industry was geographically and institutionally contained. The financial economy was relatively stable, and moreover, dependent upon the real economy. Now however, the increasing power of the financial markets is institutionalising the emergence of shareholders whose focus is increasingly narrowly upon the sole aim of financial return and who have less and less involvement in the social and territorial aspects of corporate activity. In short, the finance industry ...

  14. Chromosome Territory Modeller and Viewer.

    Tkacz, Magdalena A; Chromiński, Kornel; Idziak-Helmcke, Dominika; Robaszkiewicz, Ewa; Hasterok, Robert

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents ChroTeMo, a tool for chromosome territory modelling, accompanied by ChroTeVi-a chromosome territory visualisation software that uses the data obtained by ChroTeMo. These tools have been developed in order to complement the molecular cytogenetic research of interphase nucleus structure in a model grass Brachypodium distachyon. Although the modelling tool has been initially created for one particular species, it has universal application. The proposed version of ChroTeMo allows for generating a model of chromosome territory distribution in any given plant or animal species after setting the initial, species-specific parameters. ChroTeMo has been developed as a fully probabilistic modeller. Due to this feature, the comparison between the experimental data on the structure of a nucleus and the results obtained from ChroTeMo can indicate whether the distribution of chromosomes inside a nucleus is also fully probabilistic or is subjected to certain non-random patterns. The presented tools have been written in Python, so they are multiplatform, portable and easy to read. Moreover, if necessary they can be further developed by users writing their portions of code. The source code, documentation, and wiki, as well as the issue tracker and the list of related articles that use ChroTeMo and ChroTeVi, are accessible in a public repository at Github under GPL 3.0 license. PMID:27505434

  15. Chromosome Territory Modeller and Viewer

    Idziak-Helmcke, Dominika; Robaszkiewicz, Ewa; Hasterok, Robert

    2016-01-01

    This paper presents ChroTeMo, a tool for chromosome territory modelling, accompanied by ChroTeVi–a chromosome territory visualisation software that uses the data obtained by ChroTeMo. These tools have been developed in order to complement the molecular cytogenetic research of interphase nucleus structure in a model grass Brachypodium distachyon. Although the modelling tool has been initially created for one particular species, it has universal application. The proposed version of ChroTeMo allows for generating a model of chromosome territory distribution in any given plant or animal species after setting the initial, species-specific parameters. ChroTeMo has been developed as a fully probabilistic modeller. Due to this feature, the comparison between the experimental data on the structure of a nucleus and the results obtained from ChroTeMo can indicate whether the distribution of chromosomes inside a nucleus is also fully probabilistic or is subjected to certain non-random patterns. The presented tools have been written in Python, so they are multiplatform, portable and easy to read. Moreover, if necessary they can be further developed by users writing their portions of code. The source code, documentation, and wiki, as well as the issue tracker and the list of related articles that use ChroTeMo and ChroTeVi, are accessible in a public repository at Github under GPL 3.0 license. PMID:27505434

  16. Plans of verification tests for the ACTOR code analyzing fission products behavior in primary heat transportation system of FBR

    The ACTOR is the code to analyze the transfer behavior of fission products (FPs) in the coolant sodium and cover gas, which are released from the fuel plenum or fuel pellets due to a cladding breach caused by temperature increase during an accident. Principal analysis models adopted in the ACTOR code; such as 'FP release model', 'Bubble transfer model in sodium', 'FP transfer model from bubble to sodium' and 'FP adsorption model', are constructed based on the experimental results relating to each phenomenon But, some of the analysis models are still desirable to be verified by experiments considering influence on the evaluation results. This study is planned to carry out the necessary verification tests for the ACTOR code concerning the following phenomena relation to the analysis models. (1) Cesium transfer behavior from inert gas bubble to sodium (2) Cover gas radiation behavior during temperature increase due to decay heat of FPs As for (1), transfer behavior of cesium to coolant in fast reactor is different from that of LWR, because cesium is alkaline metal same as sodium. So, cesium is to be an important fission product in severe accident of fast reactor plant. The analysis model of ACTOR, transfer behavior of cesium to coolant sodium is conducted based on the results of tests carried out by using iodine as fission product, so it is necessary to carry out the tests by using cesium for verification of ACTOR analysis model. As for (2), radiation heat transfer is not considered during cover gas temperature increase in the ACTOR analysis model, because argon applied as cover gas in fast reactor plant is monoatomic molecule. It is necessary to confirm the validity of this analysis model and to investigate a means to control cover gas temperature. This paper will report the test plans and test apparatus of verification tests for the ACTOR code mentioned above. The verification tests will be carried out by Hokkaido University

  17. EU-Hamas actors in a state of permanent liminality

    Pace, Michelle; Pallister-Wilkins, Polly

    2015-01-01

    This article contributes to the debate on liminality within International Relations (IR) Theory by focusing on the actorness of the European Union (EU) and Hamas. The concept of liminality as a transitional process is applied to frame the situation of both the EU and Hamas as political actors in......-between socially established categories. This article explores how the liminal identity of these two actors impacts on the one hand on their relations with each Other and equally on the other hand on their relations of Self. In exploring the procedural relations of the EU and Hamas it argues for the necessity of...

  18. Actor-Q Based Active Perception Learning System

    Shibata, Katsunari; Nishino, Tetsuo; Okabe, Yoichi

    2001-01-01

    An active perception learning system based on reinforcement learning is proposed. A novel reinforcement###architecture, called Actor-Q, is employed in which Q-###learning and Actor-Critic are combined. The system###decides its actions according to Q-values. One of the###actions is to move its sensor, and the others are to###make an answer of its recognition result, each of which###corresponds to each pattern. When the sensor motion###is selected, the sensor moves according to the actor's###ou...

  19. Concept of human population protection and economical activities at the territories exposed to radiation contamination

    Analysis of the present situation is carried out and the arguments to prove the conclusion that one could observe the stage of recovery and rehabilitation everywhere in the contaminated territories are presented. The main task is to recover full-blooded economical and social activity at all territories of Russia affected by the Chernobyl accident. Problem concerning the correspondence of the present situation to the accepted concept of safe residence and to the Law is discussed

  20. Influence of General Plans on Urbanization of Agrarian Territories on Lithuania’s Seaside

    Rimvydas Gaudėšius

    2016-01-01

    Scientists of the world are concerned about a decrease in agrarian territories because of active urbanization. Many global problems arise because of a rapid increase in population. One of these problems is an increase in the use of agricultural products. In order to get these products, agricultural land is required. Such agricultural land is a limited natural resource. In accordance with the territory planning policy implemented in the Republic of Lithuania, general plans of administrative un...

  1. Development, territory and inequality in nowadays' globalization: Current conflicts in the family farming sector in Northeast Misiones, Argentina Desarrollo, territorio y desigualdad en la globalización: Conflictos actuales en la agricultura familiar del nordeste de Misiones, Argentina

    Mabel Manzanal; Mariana Arzeno; Maria Andrea Nardi

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we call into question the relationship between development, inequality and territory in the current context of globalization and within the framework of public policies designed, supposedly, to benefit those social actors with fewer resources.In order to do this, we focus on a case study in the northeast of the province of Misiones, Argentina. Here tobacco production, forestry and alternative family farming (AF) (dedicated to food production) are in dispute over the territory, l...

  2. Beyond Territorial Innovation Models: The Pertinence of the Territorial Approach

    Olivier Crevoisier

    2014-01-01

    Au-delà des modèles territoriaux d'innovation: la pertinence de l'approche territoriale, Regional Studies. Les travaux sur les Modèles territoriaux d'innovation (territorial innovation models – TIMs) ont eu des impacts considérables sur les études sur l'innovation dans de très nombreux domaines (économie politique, géographie, sociologie, sciences politiques et administratives, etc.). Dans cet article, on suggère qu'une approche plus large – l'économie territoriale – qui s'est largement struc...

  3. Research on virtual actor action editing and movement control

    Wenhu QIN; Yuhui WU; Zhengxu ZHAO

    2008-01-01

    To directly use a virtual surface model for action editing and movement control, a general method for creating virtual actor skeleton models and controlling movement is presented. The method includes judging borderlines of the block virtual surface model, calculat-ing the joints, confirming the above block, and using the block hierarchical layout to create the skeleton model. Then, according to the virtual actor model and move-ment restriction, the study focuses on the generation of movement animation using the key frame technique and smoothing movement technique by automatically adding animation and adjusting the actor's pose by different weights on movement amplitude. Finally, movement control of the actor in the virtual environment is implemented by real-time control and path point control, which achieve a good result.

  4. Efficient model learning methods for actor-critic control.

    Grondman, Ivo; Vaandrager, Maarten; Buşoniu, Lucian; Babuska, Robert; Schuitema, Erik

    2012-06-01

    We propose two new actor-critic algorithms for reinforcement learning. Both algorithms use local linear regression (LLR) to learn approximations of the functions involved. A crucial feature of the algorithms is that they also learn a process model, and this, in combination with LLR, provides an efficient policy update for faster learning. The first algorithm uses a novel model-based update rule for the actor parameters. The second algorithm does not use an explicit actor but learns a reference model which represents a desired behavior, from which desired control actions can be calculated using the inverse of the learned process model. The two novel methods and a standard actor-critic algorithm are applied to the pendulum swing-up problem, in which the novel methods achieve faster learning than the standard algorithm. PMID:22156998

  5. Effects of Actor-Network Theory in Accounting Research

    Justesen, Lise Nederland; Mouritsen, Jan

    2011-01-01

    of a critical literature review and discussion. Findings – Since the early 1990s, actor-network theory, particularly the work of Bruno Latour, has inspired accounting researchers and led to a number of innovative studies of accounting phenomena. In particular, Latour's book, Science in Action, has been......Purpose – This paper aims to discuss how Bruno Latour's version of actor-network theory has influenced accounting research. It also seeks to show that Latour's writings contain unexplored potential that may inspire future accounting research. Design/methodology/approach – The paper takes the form...... number of accounting papers that apply actor-network theory. A different sample might have given a somewhat different picture. Furthermore, it focuses on the influence of Latour's work and refrains from discussing how the writings of Michel Callon, John Law or other thinkers within the actor...

  6. Whose Journey Is It? A Critic's Plea to Actors.

    Lasser, Michael

    1999-01-01

    Laments the narcissism that the author sees in too many contemporary approaches to acting and directing. Argues that actors must focus on the world outside themselves, where the play and the audience most need them to be. (SR)

  7. Physical Education and sports: sportive institutions and their actors

    Osvaldo Omar Ron

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available The work exposed here seeks to display, as a synthesis, the general characteristics and some conclusions of the investigation project "Physical Education and sports: sportive institutions through actors' perspective", developed between 2003 and 2005. It is through it that we sought to recognize the ideas and concepts that coexist in everyday institutional life, by recovering the voice of sport institutions' actors - parents, leaders, trainers and teachers, practising and players-, and also by analyzing speeches and practices; those institutions' distinguishing forms of organization; the ways that diverse actors relate and the social forms acting on them. We investigated sport institutions with the purpose of tracking the senses and meaning that actors grant them, their organization and dynamics, the reasons for their behaviour, the principles and logics that shape them. We also analyzed the joints that link them to external macroinstitutions, their autonomy or dependency with regard to the latter, and their incidence on sport institutions' logics

  8. Engaging armed non-state actors in mechanisms for protection

    Pauline Lacroix

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Experience of engagement with armed non-state actors on the landmine ban may point the way to innovative approaches to preventing forced displacement and other abuses of human rights....

  9. Actors with Multi-Headed Message Receive Patterns

    Sulzmann, Martin; Lam, Edmund Soon Lee; Van Weert, Peter

    The actor model provides high-level concurrency abstractions to coordinate simultaneous computations by message passing. Languages implementing the actor model such as Erlang commonly only support single-headed pattern matching over received messages. We propose and design an extension of Erlang...... style actors with receive clauses containing multi-headed message patterns. Patterns may be non-linear and constrained by guards. We provide a number of examples to show the usefulness of the extension. We also explore the design space for multi-headed message matching semantics, for example first......-match and rule priority-match semantics. The various semantics are inspired by the multi-set constraint matching semantics found in Constraint Handling Rules. This provides us with a formal model to study actors with multi-headed message receive patterns. The system can be implemented efficiently and we...

  10. ¿Quién se opone a la prevención?: Un mapa de los actores pro tabaco en España Who is against prevention?: A map of policy actors favoring smoking in Spain

    Lluís Granero

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Para poder realizar un abordaje integral de las políticas referidas al tabaquismo hay que conocer el mapa de los actores relacionados con el tabaco y sus vínculos políticos. En este trabajo se pretende presentar una primera aproximación en España. Métodos: Análisis de la prensa, publicaciones de la industria y entrevistas con personas clave. Se identifican los actores pro tabaco activos en España, que se han podido clasificar según su naturaleza, la esfera en que se mueven y su ámbito territorial preferente. Resultados: Se identifican las empresas tabaqueras, entre las que destacan Altadis y Philip Morris por su dominio del mercado, las organizaciones del comercio minorista (estanqueros, las organizaciones «pantalla» creadas por la industria (Club de Fumadores por la Tolerancia, las de cultivadores y las empresas de transformación. La distribución está dominada por Logista, filial de Altadis. Hay que tener en cuenta también las empresas de vending y de productos complementarios (mecheros, fósforos y papel. Se identifican los vínculos de estos actores con la Administración pública, donde destaca el papel que desempeña el Comisionado para el Mercado de Tabacos, así como los Ministerios de Agricultura, Hacienda y Economía. Se identifican también las relaciones con la patronal, algunos partidos políticos y sindicatos, así como con otros sectores empresariales con gran influencia social, como los medios de comunicación y la publicidad. Conclusiones: El mapa de los actores pro tabaco en España es complejo y supera los límites de la estricta industria tabaquera. La comprensión de este entramado es fundamental para poder plantear políticas integrales de prevención.Objectives: For a comprehensive approach to policies on smoking, the map of actors related to tobacco and their political ties needs to be identified. The present article constitutes the first attempt at this task in Spain. Methodology: Analysis of

  11. A Convergent Online Single Time Scale Actor Critic Algorithm

    Di Castro, D.; Meir, R.

    2009-01-01

    Actor-Critic based approaches were among the first to address reinforcement learning in a general setting. Recently, these algorithms have gained renewed interest due to their generality, good convergence properties, and possible biological relevance. In this paper, we introduce an online temporal difference based actor-critic algorithm which is proved to converge to a neighborhood of a local maximum of the average reward. Linear function approximation is used by the critic in order estimate ...

  12. Physical Education and sports: sportive institutions and their actors

    Osvaldo Omar Ron

    2006-01-01

    The work exposed here seeks to display, as a synthesis, the general characteristics and some conclusions of the investigation project "Physical Education and sports: sportive institutions through actors' perspective", developed between 2003 and 2005. It is through it that we sought to recognize the ideas and concepts that coexist in everyday institutional life, by recovering the voice of sport institutions' actors - parents, leaders, trainers and teachers, practising and players-, and also by...

  13. Using Actor Network Theory to Understand Information Security Management

    Hedström, Karin; Dhillon, Gurpreet; Karlsson, Fredrik

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents an Actor Network Theory (ANT) analysis of a computer hack at a large university. Computer hacks are usually addressed through technical means thus ensuring that perpetrators are unable to exploit system vulnerabilities. We however argue that a computer hack is a result of different events in a heterogeneous network embodying human and non-human actors. Hence a secure organizational environment is one that is characterized by 'stability' and 'social order', which is a resul...

  14. A Multi-Actor Dynamic Integrated Assessment Model (MADIAM)

    M. Weber

    2004-01-01

    The interactions between climate and the socio-economic system are investigated with a Multi-Actor Dynamic Integrated Assessment Model (MADIAM) obtained by coupling a nonlinear impulse response model of the climate sub-system (NICCS) to a multi-actor dynamic economic model (MADEM). The main goal is to initiate a model development that is able to treat the dynamics of the coupled climate socio-economic system, including endogenous technological change, in a non-equilibrium situation, thereby o...

  15. Which territorial integration of participative renewable energies? Present status and analysis of French projects. Final report

    This study aimed at qualifying actors involved in projects (stakeholders, motivations, who decides what and how), at identifying the available resources (technical and financial abilities, project management abilities), at describing the mobilisation work and territorial dialogue processes, and at exploring how benefit distribution contributes to territorial dynamics. This study first identified participative renewable energy projects in France. A survey by questionnaire was then performed among project holders. Six projects have also been more deeply studied (a mix of solar and photovoltaic and wind energy, two wind farms located in two different regions, a solar photovoltaic project, a hydroelectric project, and a project on biomass from forest). After the methodology, the report defines what a participative renewable energy project is, proposes an overview of these projects in 2015, present the case studies, and proposes an analysis on the different aspects of the project process

  16. VIOLENCIA Y RECONFIGURACIÓN TERRITORIAL EN EL ÁREA METROPOLITANA DE BUENOS AIRES

    Marcelo Barrera

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This work aims at analyzing the territorial reconfiguration processes that were deployed from the structural changes begin to be imposed for three decades in our continent. It should be noted that primary and secondary sources used. Thus, the statistics illustrate the macro process, while allowing interviews to collect the voice of the actors on that process. The conclusions highlight of our work argue that the urban area has become a progressive peripheral centrality as a new social space of the subaltern classes. There is a process of collective action from the popular sectors, seeking to solve the problem of habitat, place the territory in the center of the debate on the reorganization of these sectors.

  17. Pensamiento Superior y Desarrollo Territorial

    Víctor Manuel Racancoj Alonzo

    2015-01-01

    Esta reflexión pretende explicar el papel, fundamental, que juega el pensamiento superior, en la formulación y la práctica de modelos de desarrollo territorial local; para que contribuyan de forma sustantiva, en la transformación de las condiciones socioeconómicas adversas que hoy viven comunidades indígenas y rurales de muchos países, como Guatemala, situación que puede resumirse en altos índices de pobreza y desnutrición. Pero, el pensamiento superior, debe ser competencia de la población c...

  18. Territorial Defense, Education, and Interculturalism

    Claudia Patricia Sierra Pardo

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The article carries out a series of reflections regarding the social and economic conditions in which the cultivation of oil palm affected the Bajo Atrato region of the Department of Chocó at the end of the nineteen nineties. It also discusses the actions carried out by communities, companies, and organizations in solidarity with the region’s cause, since these expressions make it possible to understand the role of organization and education in territorial defense processes. Finally, the article examines the different tensions, struggles, challenges, and contradictions inherent to these types of processes.

  19. Globalization and Public Policies. Transnational Actors' Involvement

    Lucica MATEI

    2007-01-01

    The analysis concerning the impact of globalization on the process of formulating and implementing public policies implies several relevant aspects, out of which we emphasize the following: -economic aspects, further strengthening market integration as result of developing trade, investments and capital mobility; -political aspects, due to restructuring the relationships of power at the same time with occurrence of new supranational political centres; -cultural aspects, expressed highly in th...

  20. Breeding bird territory placement in riparian wet meadows in relation to invasive reed canary grass, Phalaris arundinacea

    Kirsch, E.M.; Gray, B.R.; Fox, T.J.; Thogmartin, W.E.

    2007-01-01

    Invasive plants are a growing concern worldwide for conservation of native habitats. In endangered wet meadow habitat in the Upper Midwestern United States, reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea) is a recognized problem and its prevalence is more widespread than the better-known invasive wetland plant purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria). Although resource managers are concerned about the effect of reed canary grass on birds, this is the first study to report how common wet meadow birds use habitat in relation to reed canary grass cover and dominance. We examined three response variables: territory placement, size of territories, and numbers of territories per plot in relation to cover of reed canary grass. Territory locations for Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis) and Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia) were positively associated with reed canary grass cover, while those for Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas) were not. Only Swamp Sparrow (M. georgiana) territory locations were negatively associated with reed canary grass cover and dominance (which indicated a tendency to place territories where there was no reed canary grass or where many plant species occurred with reed canary grass). Swamp Sparrow territories were positively associated with vegetation height density and litter depth. Common Yellowthroat territories were positively associated with vegetation height density and shrub cover. Song Sparrow territories were negatively associated with litter depth. Reed canary grass cover within territories was not associated with territory size for any of these four bird species. Territory density per plot was not associated with average reed canary grass cover of plots for all four species. Sedge Wrens and Song Sparrows may not respond negatively to reed canary grass because this grass is native to wet meadows of North America, and in the study area it merely replaces other tall lush plants. Avoidance of reed canary grass by Swamp Sparrows may be mediated

  1. Integrated management of natural resources: dealing with ambiguous issues, multiple actors and diverging frames.

    Dewulf, A; Craps, M; Bouwen, R; Taillieu, T; Pahl-Wostl, C

    2005-01-01

    Uncertainty is an increasingly important concern when trying to manage complex systems of interrelated natural resources. Scientific knowledge or necessary information may be lacking or incomplete. Additionally, the multiple and interdependent users of those resources may diverge in defining what really is at stake. When they frame issues in very different ways, ambiguity results, i.e., the existence of two or more equally plausible interpretation possibilities. Environmental management in these conditions implies a shift in attention from solving clearly delineated problems to continuous negotiating and tuning between different actors and expertise domains. This requires dealing with the frame differences in a reciprocal way by mutually acknowledging frames and connecting them. Some or all parties will have to revise, enlarge or reframe the way they relate to the issues and to each other, in order to support mutual understanding and common action. The contribution of experts does not consist then in providing total predictability nor in predefining issues and solutions, but in supporting a joint learning and negotiation process among different actors and in feeding this process with relevant information. Behavioural simulations may play an important function to stimulate multi-actor learning and negotiation processes. PMID:16304943

  2. Changing Endogenous Development: the Territorial Capital

    Balázs István Tóth

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to analyze territorial capital as a new paradigm to make best use of endogenous assets. The study is dealing with the preconditions, meaning and possible theoretical taxonomies of territorial capital. In this study I emphasize that the cumulative effects of regional potentials are more important than economies of scale and location factors. I present different approaches and interpretations of territorial capital, then make an attempt to create an own model. I try to find answers for questions, such as why territorial capital shows a new perspective of urban and regional development; how cognitive elements of territorial capital provide increasing return; how territorial capital influences competitiveness and what kind of relation it has with cohesion.

  3. La prueba PISA: una mirada alternativa desde la Teoría del Actor-Red

    Paola Paredes Suzarte

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available En el marco de la proliferación de las evaluaciones estandarizadas, inscritas en lo que ha sido conceptualizado por la literatura como políticas de accountability o de rendición de cuentas, se ofrece por medio de este artículo una línea de pensamiento y discusión alternativa sobre la prueba PISA. Utilizando como enfoque la Teoría del Actor-Red (TAR de Bruno Latour, se presentan ejercicios de traslación epistémica de la prueba PISA desde un modelo de pensamiento positivista moderno, a uno materialista pragmático en el que se privilegia una descripción constructivista y analítica de los componentes que la constituyen. En base al seguimiento y análisis de noticias sobre la prueba PISA desplegadas en diarios electrónicos en Chile y Argentina, más la revisión de fuentes secundarias, se exponen algunas de las controversias suscitadas en torno a la evaluación y se discute sobre su posible impacto en nuestras percepciones sobre educación y calidad. También se problematiza el carácter neutral y objetivo de la prueba, y se levanta la pregunta acerca de su posible agencia en la cristalización de las relaciones de centro-periferia entre países que, en el marco del enfoque de la TAR, tiene sentido explorar. 

  4. Incorporating territory compression into population models

    Ridley, J.; Komdeur, J.; Sutherland, WJ; Sutherland, William J.

    2004-01-01

    The ideal despotic distribution, whereby the lifetime reproductive success a territory's owner achieves is unaffected by population density, is a mainstay of behaviour-based population models. We show that the population dynamics of an island population of Seychelles warblers (Acrocephalus sechellensis) cannot be modelled with an ideal despotic distribution, and suggest the effects of both territory shrinkage and territorial disputes on reproductive success must be included to adequately mode...

  5. Identification and estimation of territorial competition

    Sergey Grigor'evich Vazhenin; Irina Svyatoslavovna Vazhenina

    2012-01-01

    This paper formulates basic features of competition between the territories basing on the analysis of economic reality as well as on the basis of the sociological research conducted by the authors. The following components of the horizons of territorial competition in today's economic environment are identified and justified: — Competition between territories in the global economy is progressing significantly, it is expanding and improving itself; — The problem of competitive immu...

  6. Understanding territorial governance : conceptual and practical implications

    Van Well, Lisa; Schmitt, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Much of the policy analysis of spatial planning today focuses on governance or multi-level governance in the sense of tracing vertical and horizontal linkages and integration of relevant stakeholders (particularly from the bottom-up). Thus far, little attention has been paid to the more specific territorial dimensions of governance or how knowledge of territorial specificities and the territorial impacts of various courses of action are used in policy- and decision-making. This paper presents...

  7. EU territorial governance: learning from institutional progress

    Janin Rivolin Yoccoz, Umberto

    2010-01-01

    EU territorial governance is a concept now familiar to European planners and decision makers. However, the lack of an official definition makes its relationship with planning activities and processes in the EU member countries unclear. Looking back at the recent history of various attempts to factor territory into the EU policy agenda, this article proposes a systematic review of institutional documents regarding, in a direct or indirect manner, EU territorial governance. The aim of the artic...

  8. TERRITORIAL MARKETING BASED ON CULTURAL HERITAGE

    Alexandra Zbuchea

    2014-01-01

    Territorial marketing could be an effective strategy leading to economic development. Considering the developments in contemporary society and economy, it has become a necessity. Successful territorial marketing could lead to place branding, with many long-term benefits for a region, its constituents and stakeholders. The process of developing and implementing a territorial marketing is multifaceted. The present paper makes a brief investigation on the conceptual background to better understa...

  9. Analysis of territorial and industrial development

    Zhul'kova Yuliya Nikolaevna

    2014-01-01

    At present a territory is considered as the basis for effective socio-economical development of the region. However, special attention should be paid to the presence of available resources on the territory under consideration, as well as the conditions of their future development. The availability and/or the possibility of creating/upgrading the existing resources encourage today the accumulated potential of the territory. Potential of the area is a set of capabilities and different levels of...

  10. Can exclusive territories limit strategic location downstream?

    Fjell, Kenneth; John S. Heywood

    2001-01-01

    Research on spatial price discrimination demonstrates that strategic (off center) location choices by downstream firms can increase downstream profit and reduce both the profit of an upstream monopoly and social welfare. This paper examines exclusive territories as a vertical control mechanism and shows that such territories can force downstream firms to return to the center of the market. Yet, exclusive territories cannot completely eliminate the influence of strategic downstream location - ...

  11. Sovereignties, territories and conflicts on the Colombian Coast during the First Republic. 1808 - 1815.

    Catalina Reyes Cárdenas

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The new order that tries to emerge from 1810 in el Virreinato de la Nueva Granada, carries confrontations, even armed confrontations, and cashes between provinces, cities, towns, villages, and localities. Most of these made part of the antagonims that were inherited from the ancient colonial regime and which reflect the different economical, territorial and political interests of the elites that were expressed in the "cabildos ". These rivalrys show up a lack of political communities that could go beyond the territory, and the fragmentation of some elites which could not achieve a political hegemony able to surpass the borders of their city or village. Moreover, the interests of the different social actors are shown in these oppositions which make more noticeable their ethnical, cultural, politic al and economical contradictions. The way how the events are developed in Cartagena and Santa Marta provinces, will help us to understand how complex and difficult is to built national unity in territories that although they made up an administrative colonial unit, El Virreinato, their market, territorial, political, ethnical, and cultural relationships were fragile and even nonexistent.

  12. Redefining territorial scales and the strategic role of spatial planning

    Galland, Daniel; Elinbaum, Pablo

    2015-01-01

    into the cases of Denmark and Catalonia through an analysis concerned with: i) the strategic spatial role attributed to each level of planning; and ii) the redefinition of territorial scales as a result of changing political objectives and spatial relationships occurring between planning levels. The...... assessment pertaining to the strategic roles of spatial planning instruments as well as the evolving redefinition of territorial scales in both Denmark and Catalonia suggests that the conventional, hierarchical ‘cascade-shaped’ ideal of policy implementation is superseded. While both cases tend to converge...... in their alignment with strategic spatial planning, the implications stemming from rescaling processes radically diverge as illustrated by the opposing fates of the regional scale and the distinctive means to reassure a ‘vertical spatial anchor’ for the stability and permanence of power structures....

  13. Design Mechanism as Territorial Strategic Capability

    Gianita BLEOJU

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The current exigencies that a territory must faced in order to its’ optimalpositioning in future regional competition requires the ability to design theappropriate mechanism which better valorize the territory capability. Such aconstruct is vital for territorial sustainable development and supposes thecreation of a specific body of knowledge from distinctive local resourceexploitation and unique value creation and allocation. Territorial mechanismdesign is a typical management decision about identification, ownership andcontrol of specific strategic capabilities and their combination in a distinctiveterritorial portfolio. The most difficult responsibility is to allocate the territorialvalue added which is a source of conflict among territorial components. Ourcurrent paper research covers the basics of two complementary territorialpillars-rural and tourism potential and proves the lack of specific designmechanisms which explain the current diminishing value of Galati Brailaregion. The proposed management system, relying upon territorial controlmechanism, will ensure knowledge sharing process via collaborative learning,with the final role of appropriate territorial attractivity signals, reinforcingidentity as key factor of territorial attractability. Our paper is fully documentedon there years of data analyzing from territorial area of interest. This offers usthe necessary empiric contrasting for our proposed solution.

  14. Practical improvement of the radiological quality of milk produced by peasant farmers in the territories of Belarus contaminated by the Chernobyl accident The ETHOS project

    The Chernobyl post-accident situation has highlighted how the sudden emergence of persistent radioactive contamination in the environment is severely affecting the quality of life of the inhabitants in the concerned territories. The management of this situation is complex, mainly conditioned by the ability of the inhabitants themselves to be directly involved in the process of improving their living conditions. In this process, quality of life cannot be restricted solely to the dimension of radiological risk, but needs to encompass the diverse aspects of daily living, including the social, psychological, economic, political and ethical aspects. This paper presents the experience of the involvement of a group of peasant farmers from a village in the Republic of Belarus, in the process of improving the radiological quality of privately produced milk. This experience took place in the context of the ETHOS project, funded by the radiation protection research programme of the European Commission. The principal objective was to implement a complementary approach to the rehabilitation strategies adopted so far in the contaminated territories of the Republic of Belarus. This paper retraces the process of involvement of the inhabitants in a working group. It describes the characterisation of the situation by local actors, the opening of new possible actions to improve the radiological quality of milk at the individual level and the positive consequences at the scale of the village. The ETHOS project also illustrates how the scientific knowledge accumulated over many years since the Chernobyl accident in the field of radiation protection and radioecology can enter into local practices in the form of practical tools, which can be used by the population to produce significant improvements in the radiological situation

  15. The actors of French nuclear at International

    This conference is separated in three parts: the first one treats the question of Eastern Europe and European cooperation in matter of nuclear safety. Major projects to train nuclear operators and engineers in modern techniques are in place in Eastern Europe. There are fourteen on site assistance projects (7 in Russia, 4 in Ukraine, 1 in Armenia, 1 in Kazakhstan and 1 in Bulgaria) up and running. Experience shows that the most effective way of bringing about lasting improvements in the safety management of NPPs is through on-site experts providing practical, hands-on advice tailor-made to the situation facing the staff of a particular plant. These projects are designed to promote plant safety through training, day-to-day advice on operations and through specific, urgently needed safety improvements using western methodology and practice.The experiences of different French firms are related. The second part concerns cooperation between the France and the China towards a nuclear park of electric supply, the experience of Daya bay is detailed. The third part concerns more specially the transfer of knowledge and know-how in China in nuclear engineering. (N.C.)

  16. Territory and solidarity: the European Union territorial cohesion policy and the role of local institutions

    Ferreiro, F.; Lagoa, S.; Pina, L.

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyses the evolution of the notion of territorial cohesion in the European Union, with an emphasis on the importance given to the processes of participation and to the specificities of local realities. Despite space and territory has always received attention from the economic theories of development, only recently the territorial dimension was considered fundamental by the European Union. Even though the European Rural Development Policy has always had a greater territorial focu...

  17. Offshore wind energy development in France and Germany: what role for territories? Final dissertation

    'Pays du Bessin au Virois' is a French association of cities. The association is concerned by projects of offshore wind farms. It wants to think about the consequences of the offshore wind farms on the territory, and the integration in the local activities. For that reason the association wanted to learn from the German experience of offshore development. To compare the French and the German situation, this report raises the question of the relationship between an offshore wind farm and a territory. Thanks to the characteristics of an offshore wind farm and of a territory, I built a method to analyze the relationship between a park and a territory. I studied two cases: the French territory Pays du Bessin au Virois related to the three projects of offshore wind parks in the Baie de Seine, and the German territory Ostfriesland, close to the first offshore wind park in Germany, Alpha Ventus. The two cases showed that important topics could be studied for every territory. There are differences between French and German situation. However the comparison sets on interesting actions for the Pays du Bessin au Virois. Another comparison can be realized with Denmark or United Kingdom, which offshore strategy is closer to the French situation. (author)

  18. 31 CFR 515.322 - Authorized trade territory; member of the authorized trade territory.

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Authorized trade territory; member of the authorized trade territory. 515.322 Section 515.322 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations... CUBAN ASSETS CONTROL REGULATIONS General Definitions § 515.322 Authorized trade territory; member of...

  19. [The prevention of voice disorders in the actor: protocol and follow-up nine months of professional theater].

    Ormezzano, Y; Delale, A; Lamy-Simonian, A

    2011-01-01

    In July 2009, at the beginning of this work, 26 theses addressing professional principles of voice were listed in the database of SUDOC (Système Universitaire de Documentation): 9 related to voices of teachers (about 900,000* professionals in France), 14 theses relating to singers (7500** professionals), and only 3 about the voice of actors (20 000*** professional actors in France in 2006). The latter pertaining to concerning rookie actors (sensibilisation vocale auprès du comédien débutant Bichet, Linda, Bordeaux II, 2006), the mechanical larynx (étude des mécanismes laryngés dans la voix projetée: cas particulier des comédiennes Guerin, Mélanie, Paris VI, 2009), vocal fatigue (Fatigue vocale après une tâche d'utilisation prolongée de la voix chez le comédien Canaan Baggioni, Brigitte, Aix-Marseille II, 2009). Professional actors are plentiful; their training in vocal technique is very heterogeneous, or non-existent: it is not a prerequisite to have a degree to work as an actor! This lack of vocal technique is associated with risk factors specific to the acting profession: numerous travels in air-conditioned vehicles, unsuitable workplaces; dusty or poorly heated, irregular working patterns, excessive demands from directors... All this makes the actors highly susceptible to voice disorders. The protocol for the prevention of voice disorders presented here is holistic and ecological. This work also examines the effectiveness of such a preventive protocol aimed at theatre comedians. PMID:21977701

  20. Sustainable development indicators for territories

    For different themes (Sustainable consumption and production, Knowledge and social and economic development society, governance, climate change and energy management, sustainable transport and modality, conservation and sustainable management of biodiversity and natural resources, public health, risk prevention and management, social and territorial cohesion), this study proposes a set of axis, and several indicators for each axis. Indicators correspond to different geographical scale and are determined from different sources. These indicators are for example: production of aggregates, proportion of organic agriculture in usable agricultural area, evolution in quantity of household waste collected per inhabitant, employment rate, research spending in relation to GDP, coverage of population by local Agenda 21, and so on. Thus, each indicator is discussed, commented and analysed

  1. Effects of previous intrusion pressure on territorial responses in nightingales

    Sprau, P.; Roth, T.; Amrhein, V.; Naguib, M.

    2014-01-01

    In territorial animals, establishing and defending a territory against rivals is commonly a prerequisite for successful reproduction. Yet, often, non-territorial males that are seeking to establish their own territory may intrude into occupied territories and persistently challenge residents in orde

  2. A Convergent Online Single Time Scale Actor Critic Algorithm

    Di Castro, D

    2009-01-01

    Actor-Critic based approaches were among the first to address reinforcement learning in a general setting. Recently, these algorithms have gained renewed interest due to their generality, good convergence properties, and possible biological relevance. In this paper, we introduce an online temporal difference based actor-critic algorithm which is proved to converge to a neighborhood of a local maximum of the average reward. Linear function approximation is used by the critic in order estimate the value function, and the temporal difference signal, which is passed from the critic to the actor. The main distinguishing feature of the present convergence proof is that both the actor and the critic operate on a similar time scale, while in most current convergence proofs they are required to have very different time scales in order to converge. Moreover, the same temporal difference signal is used to update the parameters of both the actor and the critic. A limitation of the proposed approach, compared to results a...

  3. 27 CFR 4.2 - Territorial extent.

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Territorial extent. 4.2 Section 4.2 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF WINE Scope § 4.2 Territorial extent. This...

  4. EU Territorial Impact Assessment: Under What Conditions?

    Zonneveld, W.; Waterhout, B.

    2009-01-01

    Since the start of the making of the ESDP, back in 1989, there has been interest in a ‘Territorial impact assessment’. This interest has been revamped now that the Territorial Cohesion green paper is out. Yet, at the EU level there is still little guidance on how a TIA might be done and on what it a

  5. A territorial classification for the ecological strategy

    The author proposes a territorial classification including at the sun, the water, the atmosphere, the vegetable earth and the vegetation of green leaf, describes each one of the elements, he refers to the micro-climates and he gives a territorial organization for the ecological emergency

  6. Territory and management of social policies

    Aldaíza Sposati

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article developed in three movements. The territory building is historical construction and distinguishes this reading of which treat the territory as a place, a coverage area under a given geographic boundary. Assigns key character that distinction for the examination of the relationship territory and social policy. Shows that she is not limited to location of social equipment, and distinguishes it from the social policies operation format without territory, whose management logic is standardized, have homogeneous character of procedures, with similarity to financial agencies operation. In the second movement puts in scene the relationship between institutional agents of social services and the citizens who use them for lives being him. Finally highlights the constituent elements of that relationship as: the recognition of heterogeneity as an expression of singular identities; and the territory trajectory constitution that focuses of living on it, and these influenced by these trajectories.

  7. “Designing Danger”: Complex Engineering by Violent Non-State Actors: Introduction to the Special Issue

    Gary Ackerman

    2016-01-01

    This Special Issue of the Journal of Strategic Security (JSS) presents the results of a series of case studies of prior efforts by VNSAs to engage in complex engineering tasks, in the hope of informing strategic assessments of the threat of VNSA exploitation of emerging technologies. One particular concern in international security lies at the nexus of violent non-state actors (VNSAs) and sophisticated technologies. When it comes to the assessment of such threats, much of the analysis hing...

  8. Domestic violence law in Ghana: analysis of the actors and strategies involved in setting the public policy agenda

    Quarm, Evelyn Mamle

    2009-01-01

    Domestic Violence was seen as a private issue in the past in Ghana until the law on Domestic Violence was passed in 2007. However, a research by the Gender Studies and Human Right Documentation Centre in Accra in 1999 showed that Domestic Violence in all its forms is present in Ghana. This thesis attempted to investigate and analyse the various actors and their strategies involved in ensuring the passage of the Domestic Violence Law. In a nutshell, it was concerned with inve...

  9. Importancia de los territorios rurales en el proceso de reestructuración territorial: el caso de la región metropolitana de la ciudad de Puebla

    Héctor Bernal-Mendoza; Javier Ramírez-Juárez; Néstor Estrella-Chulím; Ricardo Pérez-Avilés; Jorge Luis Morett-Sánchez

    2010-01-01

    Se exponen las principales contradicciones entre el proceso de ordenamiento territorial y el concepto de desarrollo para la región metropolitana de la ciudad de Puebla. Asimismo se enfatiza la importancia de los territorios rurales, sus actores y su cultura en este proceso. En este marco, y con base en el enfoque territorial del desarrollo, en el carácter multifuncional de la tierra y el agua y la teoría del capital social, se evidencia la importancia de la reorganización y caracterización de...

  10. Transnational corporations as 'keystone actors' in marine ecosystems.

    Henrik Österblom

    Full Text Available Keystone species have a disproportionate influence on the structure and function of ecosystems. Here we analyze whether a keystone-like pattern can be observed in the relationship between transnational corporations and marine ecosystems globally. We show how thirteen corporations control 11-16% of the global marine catch (9-13 million tons and 19-40% of the largest and most valuable stocks, including species that play important roles in their respective ecosystem. They dominate all segments of seafood production, operate through an extensive global network of subsidiaries and are profoundly involved in fisheries and aquaculture decision-making. Based on our findings, we define these companies as keystone actors of the Anthropocene. The phenomenon of keystone actors represents an increasingly important feature of the human-dominated world. Sustainable leadership by keystone actors could result in cascading effects throughout the entire seafood industry and enable a critical transition towards improved management of marine living resources and ecosystems.

  11. Engaging Actors in Co-Designing Heterogeneous Innovations

    Jørgensen, Ulrik; Lindegaard, Hanne; Rosenqvist, Tanja Schultz

    In this paper we share and analyze our experiences staging a co-design process in which we through different interventions engage important actors in designing. Our experiences are taking from an innovation and research project about user-involvement in textile design processes. As the project...... related to translating and transporting the results of these different events due to the institutional and professional framing of projects and design processes. We are analyzing these through an actor network approach and use the translation term to describe how the participants slowly became engaged in...... our project’s agenda by going through the different stages of translation. The paper is finalized with reflections on the difficulties in engaging actors in a co-design process and transporting results into the existing framed context of design and architectural work....

  12. Two-actor conflict with time delay: A dynamical model

    Qubbaj, Murad R.; Muneepeerakul, Rachata

    2012-11-01

    Recent mathematical dynamical models of the conflict between two different actors, be they nations, groups, or individuals, have been developed that are capable of predicting various outcomes depending on the chosen feedback strategies, initial conditions, and the previous states of the actors. In addition to these factors, this paper examines the effect of time delayed feedback on the conflict dynamics. Our analysis shows that under certain initial and feedback conditions, a stable neutral equilibrium of conflict may destabilize for some critical values of time delay, and the two actors may evolve to new emotional states. We investigate the results by constructing critical delay surfaces for different sets of parameters and analyzing results from numerical simulations. These results provide new insights regarding conflict and conflict resolution and may help planners in adjusting and assessing their strategic decisions.

  13. Territorial organization in Spain and in Colombia: “Report on Spain. Rethinking the State or destroying it”. Santiago Muñoz Machado

    Catalina Ana Larach Del Castillo

    2013-01-01

    Two recently published books, one from Spain (Muñoz Machado, 2012) and the other from Colombia (Mendoza Martelo, 2013), evince concerns with respect to the territorial organization in both countries. What is the appeal of the territorial model? With common constitutional errors occurring in the territorial area, and a crisis in both function and coordination in various levels of the Government –as well as in the different regions and autonomous communities–, is legal reform preferable to cons...

  14. Alcohol-Related Violence among the Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders of the Northern Territory: Prioritizing an Agenda for Prevention-Narrative Review Article.

    Ramya Ramamoorthi; Rama Jayaraj; Leonard Notaras; Mahiban Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Alcohol - related violence among Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders (also called as “Indigenous”) is a major public health concern in Northern Territory of Australia. There is dearth of epidemiological data that link three contributing epidemics: alcohol misuse, violence, and trauma in the Northern Territory. In this review, we aimed to concentrate on how these epidemics intersect among the Indigenous people in the Northern Territory. In our descriptive review, we have...

  15. Social movements and the construction of crisis actors

    Bourne, Angela; Chatzopoulou, Sevasti

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the Europeanization of social movements following the European sovereign debt crisis. It develops a theoretical framework to measure degrees of social movement Europeanization, incorporating targets, participants, and issue frame dimensions of mobilization. Europeanization of...... social movements occurs when they collaborate with similar movements in other countries, claim a European identity, invoke Europe-wide solidarity, contest authorities beyond the state and ascribe responsibility for solving the crisis to European Union (EU). By targeting EU authorities, social movements...... may contribute to the construction of the EU as a crisis actor and through deliberative processes define the roles and identities of such actors....

  16. Essays on actor models in exchange networks and social dilemmas

    Assen, Marcus Adrianus Leonardus Maria van

    2001-01-01

    A central problem in economics and sociology is that of explaining or predicting phenomena at the macro-level. One possible mode of explanation or prediction of macro-level phenomena entails examining processes internal to the system that involve actors at the micro-level. In this dissertation complexities were added to the model of the actor on the micro-level in order to better predict and understand two macro-level phenomena that receive a lot of attention in social science research in gen...

  17. La red del Comercio Justo y sus principales actores

    Brisa Ceccon Rocha

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo trata de una descripción concisa del fenómeno del comercio justo y su participación en el comercio mundial. Al mismo tiempo, examina el papel de los diferentes actores que participan en la red del comercio justo, desde los productores hasta los consumidores. Finalmente, evalúa las relaciones entre estos actores y los retos que enfrentan para perfeccionar el sistema y mejorar las condiciones de participación de los productores, elementos fundamentales de esta red.

  18. Survey on eInclusion actors in EU27

    RISSOLA Gabriel; Garrido, María

    2013-01-01

    This report present the results of an online survey that collect relevant data from almost 3,000 organisations working on eInclusion in 27 European countries, which is the first attempt in Europe to collect primary data from those actors. This research constitutes a building block of a larger project ‘Measuring the Impact of eInclusion Actors on Digital Literacy, Skills and Inclusion goals of the Digital Agenda for Europe’ (MIREIA) , a policy-oriented research project which aims to better und...

  19. Population and territory as elements of political power in international relations

    Isaković Zlatko

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with population and territory as elements of political power of international relations actors. The first part is devoted to the population, i.e. its quantitative (number of people and qualitative characteristics, i.e. structure, etc. The second part of the paper deals with basic characteristic of the territory (its size, quality, and geographical position. The quality is determined primarily according to economic values of the area. Geographic position depends of neighbors and borders. In the concluding part of the paper it is stressed that mutual comparison between area and number of population is relatively easy, while comparison becomes much harder when one takes into account the qualitative characteristics of the both elements of political power. The relation between population and territory is in the fact that people need room, i.e. space for their living. People are those who in wars and negotiations and other peaceful ways determine quantities and qualities of territories of their states. There is the open question of a price (human lives, health, living standards, etc. worth to be paid for a territory if it is perceived by political decision makers as the national or similar interest. People are those who by their ideas, work and behavior in general directly influence number of population members and utilize and perceive space in certain ways. People are subjective factors of political power in general. First action of the modern specialized and global information-telecommunication technology is in the changed comprehending of categories of space and time. Communications are one of important preconditions and conditions of social integration and capability for survival in general of people on certain territory. The Earth became much smaller, linked and perceived by majority of its population as the universal, whole and only domicile and shelter. During the 20th century communication deterritorialization appeared and one

  20. Remediation strategies for contaminated territories resulting from the Chernobyl accident

    The Directorate General for Environment of the European Commission has supported two projects on the issue of remediation strategies for contaminated territories resulting from the Chernobyl accident. The first one aimed at identifying and costing a set of additional countermeasures that would enable the reduction of the annual exposure of the inhabitants down to 1 mSv. The second one (still running) is developing a new rehabilitation approach based on the involvement of the local population in the decision taking process concerning the type of countermeasures to be applied (the ETHOS approach). (author)

  1. Clusters - Territorial Networks. Where to?

    Luiza Nicoleta Radu

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Globalization has led to an increased international trade relations between organizations spatially separated. This determined a greater spatial differentiation influenced by local and regional competition production systems. Territoriality has been considered as the main cause for the development of active areas, explaining also the success of certain local systems of production that became competitive on a global scale. The new school of regional competitiveness promoted by Porter (2003 identifies the cluster industry as a source of competitive advantages, supporting the identification and cluster setting – up as an objective of the public policy. In the last few years, clusters became an important basis for the new policies promoted at the level of the European Union. The challenges established through the Lisbon Strategy, respectively “to make the Europe the most competitive and dynamic based knowledge economy”, determinate a new approach of the economic policy in order to increase competitiveness. For the regional economy, the cluster has the aim to develop new strategies focused on the economic sectors of the regional development, by taking into account sectoral advantages. However, in terms of economic activities promoted at regional level, the spatial development is an essential component for increasing EU competitiveness in terms of economic globalization trends, regional networks being considered the most advanced form of cluster in the economic sector.

  2. Radioactive wastes on Kazakhstan territory

    Common amount of radioactive wastes in Kazakhstan makes up 235 million tons. In Semipalatinsk test site in the result of surface and underground explosions low-radioactive wastes have accumulated in the form of soils contaminated with radionuclides and these wastes could be buried during re-cultivation works. In the same time there are places contaminated with plutonium. These soils should be buried in special points. Volume of these wastes is estimated in 5,000 m3. In Kazakhstan there are one power nuclear reactor in Aktau, 3 research reactors on Semipalatinsk site territory and 1 in Almaty city. During operation of BN-350 power reactor in Aktau city till present day 10,000 m3 of different wastes have been accumulated. Great amount of wastes will appear in 2005 during the reactor decommissioning, common volume of processed and packaged wastes after BN-350 reactor out of operation will be estimated in 623,000 m3. In Kazakhstan system of gathering, processing, and transporting of radioactive wastes is not taken into operation yet. According of conception on radioactive wastes burial and IAEA recommendation part of wastes with volume 67,450 m3 (intermediate- and high-level radioactive wastes) are subjected to burial in points in geological formations

  3. Rehabilitation of territories contaminated by radioactive wastes

    Stages of development and rehabilitation of contaminated territories at the uranium-mining enterprises are considered. Results of investigating the quality of rehabilitation works accomplished in the sixtieth at the tails storage of the former 'Western combine' (Maily-Saj) and industrial association Vostokredmet' are described. Efficiency of application of rehabilitated territories at the uranium-mining enterprises is analyzed. Basic trends in land reclamation of contaminated territories at the enterprises, related to radioactive ores mining, are formulated. The fundamentals of engineering radioecology and basic problems facing it are presented

  4. Informe del Taller Fortalezas, Debilidades, Oportunidades y Amenazas; en el marco de la transferencia de competencias en Ordenamiento Territorial. Región Metropolitana de Santiago

    UBILLA-BRAVO, Gerardo

    2008-01-01

    Informe técnico realizado por el Gerardo Ubilla para el Gobierno Regional Metropolitano de Santiago (GORE RMS). El informe se realiza en el marco de las pre-transferencias de Ordenamiento Territorial (OT) para los Gobiernos Regionales en Chile. Este trata particularmente sobre un taller de trabajo con actores políticos y técnicos del GORE RMS, quienes identifican las fortalezas, oportunidades, debilidades y amenazas del proceso de las transferencias en materia de OT.

  5. Turismo e sustentabilidade na Amazônia: um novo conteúdo territorial e a experiência no Município de Silves, Amazonas

    Gruber, Davis

    2003-01-01

    This study tries to evidence the role of tourism as a content that reveals the new forms of organization and appropriation of the amazon territory. The different forms of nature appraisement are determining an articulation of interests among social actors that represent powers of diverse space scales, such as local populations, municipal councils and international cooperation. The tourism has been a media that represents those values on the nature. Conservation value, value of survival, reser...

  6. A ação externa dos governos subnacionais no Brasil: os casos do Rio Grande do Sul e de Porto Alegre. Um estudo comparativo de dois tipos de atores mistos The foreign actions of Brazilian governments: the cases of Rio Grande do Sul and Porto Alegre. A comparative study of two kinds of mixed actors

    Mónica Salomón

    2007-06-01

    to a more specific conceptualization of local and regional governments as international actors. Both can be considered as mixed actors, in part bound to the sovereignty they share with other levels of government over the territory they govern, in part freer than central governments as concerns their foreign policy options, sometimes acting in similar ways to non-state actors. Our initial questions refer to how these two actors conjugate characteristics of sovereignty-bound and sovereignty-free actors and whether there are relevant differences between the external activities they carry out.

  7. Demystifying Facilitation of Multi-Actor Learning Processes

    Groot, A.E.

    2002-01-01

     This thesis aims to demystify the facilitation of participatory processes in order to improve the performance of the facilitation professional. As our society is increasingly recognised as pluralistic, characterised by multiple actors with different interests, values and perception

  8. Actor-Network Theory and Tourism : Ordering, materiality and multiplicity

    Duim, van der V.R.; Ren, C.; Jóhannesson, G.T.

    2012-01-01

    The recent surfacing of actor-network theory (ANT) in tourism studies correlates to a rising interest in understanding tourism as emergent thorough relational practice connecting cultures, natures and technologies in multifarious ways. Despite the widespread application of ANT across the social scie

  9. Researching the Habitus of Global Policy Actors in Education

    Lingard, Bob; Sellar, Sam; Baroutsis, Aspa

    2015-01-01

    This paper reprises the argument for the emergence of a global education policy field and then focuses on the shared habitus of global and national policy actors and technicians. It is argued that this shared habitus is constituted as a reflection of and a contribution to the creation of the global education policy field. Bourdieu's approach…

  10. Consumer culture theory (re)visits actor-network theory

    Bajde, Domen

    2013-01-01

    The vocabulary and tactics developed by actor-network theory (ANT) can shed light on several ontological and epistemological challenges faced by consumer culture theory. Rather than providing ready-made theories or methods, our translation of ANT puts forward a series of questions and propositions...

  11. Exploring Agreements of Convenience Made among Violent Non-State Actors

    Annette Idler

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to enhance our understanding of how different groups of violent non-state actors (VNSAs interact. It narrows the conceptual gap that has existed in the literature on VNSAs and the complex and multiple types of relationships that exist among them in order to better comprehend their decision-making and the ramifications that emerge from these decisions and interactions. Drawing on recent field research in Colombia´s border regions, the study develops a typology of VNSA interactions, conceptualised as a two-dimensional “clustery continuum” of VNSA arrangements. These borderlands lend themselves to such an undertaking because different types of VNSAs are present there and they unite an internal armed conflict context with a non-conflict, yet violent context by comprising both the Colombian and the neighbouring countries’ border zones. Taking a holistic and nuanced approach, this article first links the silos of civil war, mafia and organised crime literature by exploring situations in which these different dynamics coalesce. Second, it assumes a transnational perspective rather than a purely national view by considering borderlands that include territory of various states. Third, it unpacks the different types of VNSA interactions by describing them as based largely on economically motivated “arrangements of convenience”, rather than drawing on a dichotomy of conflict and cooperation. This case study yields insights on how to develop a more sophisticated understanding of VNSA interactions in other contexts as well. 

  12. VR/IS Lab Virtual Actor research overview

    Shawver, D.M.; Stansfield, S.

    1995-06-22

    This overview presents current research at Sandia National Laboratories in the Virtual Reality and Intelligent Simulation Lab. Into an existing distributed VR environment which we have been developing, and which provides shared immersion for multiple users, we are adding virtual actor support. The virtual actor support we are adding to this environment is intended to provide semi-autonomous actors, with oversight and high-level guiding control by a director/user, and to allow the overall action to be driven by a scenario. We present an overview of the environment into which our virtual actors will be added in Section 3, and discuss the direction of the Virtual Actor research itself in Section 4. We will briefly review related work in Section 2. First however we need to place the research in the context of what motivates it. The motivation for our construction of this environment, and the line of research associated with it, is based on a long-term program of providing support, through simulation, for situational training, by which we mean a type of training in which students learn to handle multiple situations or scenarios. In these situations, the student may encounter events ranging from the routine occurance to the rare emergency. Indeed, the appeal of such training systems is that they could allow the student to experience and develop effective responses for situations they would otherwise have no opportunity to practice, until they happened to encounter an actual occurance. Examples of the type of students for this kind of training would be security forces or emergency response forces. An example of the type of training scenario we would like to support is given in Section 4.2.

  13. Radioactivity in man and environment on the territory of the Russian Federation

    A survey is presented of the situation concerning radioactivity on the territory of the Russian Federation, based on the author's earlier publications, new reports from the scientific literature, and Internet reports. The case of the 'closed' cities is analysed in particular. (orig.)

  14. Youth Environmental Science Outreach in the Mushkegowuk Territory of Subarctic Ontario, Canada

    Karagatzides, Jim D.; Kozlovic, Daniel R.; De Iuliis, Gerry; Liberda, Eric N.; General, Zachariah; Liedtke, Jeff; McCarthy, Daniel D.; Gomez, Natalya; Metatawabin, Daniel; Tsuji, Leonard J. S.

    2011-01-01

    We connected youth of the Mushkegowuk Territory (specifically Fort Albany First Nation) with environmental science and technology mentors in an outreach program contextualized to subarctic Ontario that addressed some of the environmental concerns identified by members of Fort Albany First Nation. Most activities were community-based centering on…

  15. Responsibilities and Limits of Local Government Actions against Users of Public Services of Planning and Sustainable Territorial Development in Romania

    Bogdan Suditu

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In the context of the changes that have occurred in the Romanian society, the public authorities are required to play a coordinating role in providing the framework for a sustainable and balanced development of the national territory, and to ensure the quality of life of the citizens. In order to achieve these goals of social responsibility, the public administration authorities must build and adapt the tools of public territorial action based on their specificity and within the existing legal framework and resources,. Thus, the study shows the national and European context that frames the actions of public administration for what concerns the sustainable territorial development. It analyzes the characteristics of administrative-territorial structures of Romania, highlighting their socio-demographic diversity and the territorial forms of institutional cooperation. The approach of these issues is based in the first instance on an analysis of the European strategic documents in the field, as well as on the national regulations concerning the organization and functioning of public administration and territorial planning. The implementation of decentralization and local public autonomy has led to the capitalization of the local potential of some administrative divisions and caused a competition and a difficult cooperation between them. By analogy with the provisions of the quality standards regarding the responsibilities of the organizations towards customers, the study illustrates and analyzes the responsibilities and limits of public administration authorities in promoting sustainable development, territorial equity and the quality of life for the users of public services, i.e. the community members.

  16. The Autonomy of Indigenous Territorial Entities

    Samuel Baena

    2015-01-01

    The dynamics that emerge between western civilization and indigenous groups are not exempt from historical and cultural imbalances that deserve different legal treatment. The starting point to achieve some level of equality is, in general terms, territorial law, and in specific terms, the principle of autonomy supported and lead by indigenous territorial entities. However, theoretical constructs of anthropology and systemic hermeneutics of the 1991 Constitution, allow for the existence of an ...

  17. PECULIARITIES OF INTERRELATION OF TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS

    Lonska, Jeļena

    2012-01-01

    A variety of measurement tools is used to evaluate the territorial development in the world, for instance, indicators, indices, etc. These measurement tools are applied to measure certain regions of a country and to assess the development of a country as well as to compare countries with each other or in relation to the previous years. In Latvia, certain methodology for calculating the level of territorial development has been in place for about 15 years. Parallel to the official methodology,...

  18. The polymorphic, multilayered and networked urbanised territory

    Nielsen, Tom

    2015-01-01

    The discussion of the network city has in recent years been supplemented by an increasing interest in reconsidering the notion of territory. Looking into both geographical and urban design theories, we find examples of a focus on how the networks of the city not only connect them irreversibly wit...... theory. The concept of The Polymorphic, Multilayered and Networked Urbanised Territory is introduced to grasp the reality experienced in European regions outside the largest and most potent versions of contemporary cities....

  19. Mapping in the Oiapoque Indigenous Territories

    Mazurek, Rosélis Remor de Souza

    2016-01-01

    Participatory mapping for land use planning in the Indigenous Territories (Terras Indígenas) of Oiapoque, in northeastern Amazonia has been carried out by governmental and non-governmental organizations in partnership with indigenous institutions. The first mapping exercise was carried out through regional workshops with a selected group of indigenous (Indigenous Environmental Agents) using a georeferenced Landsat satellite image and drawing physical and cultural aspects of the territory over...

  20. Interesting Basis of Vertebrobasilar Arterial Territory

    Kavian Ghandehari; Kosar Ghandehari

    2012-01-01

    Background: Vertebrobasilar arterial territory nourishes one-quarter of human brain. It constitutes some vital and strategic parts of the central nervous system.Methods: A number of keywords (vertebral, basilar, artery, and territory) were searched in MEDLINE (Ovid and PubMed) as well as Google, ProQuest, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and Science Direct online electronic search engines. Only articles containing all keywords were included. The final search was performed on October, 1, 2012. We als...

  1. Governance of territorial and urban policies

    Ache, Peter; Hill, Alexandra; Höweler, Michael; Peters, Stefan

    2006-01-01

    ESPON project 2.3.2Governance of Territorial and Urban Policies from EU to Local Level holds an important position in the definition and elaboration of a common ground for investigating the institutional, instrumental ans procedural aspects of territorial and urban policies in Europe. The project focuses on the question how effective different systems are, e.g. considering a policy mix of spatial planning (in different forms implemented by Member States), local government powers and taxation ...

  2. La región de la triple frontera: territorios de integración y desintegración The triple frontier region: territories of integration and disintegration

    Ramón Fogel

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available En el articulo se analiza la triple frontera (Foz de Iguazú, Puerto Iguazu e Ciudad del Elste como territorio construido, apropriado y controlado por actores, algunos extra regionales. Estos actores mantienen vínculos entre si que implican relaciones de poder, y están involucrados en actividades y procesos con incidencia en la integración regional.This article analyses the triple frontier (Foz do Iguaçú, Puerto Iguazu and Ciudad del Este as a constructed territory, owned and controlled by actors, some of them extra-regional. These actors maintain between themselves ties that imply relations of power, and they are involved in activities and processes that have an effect on regional integration.

  3. The territorial logic in brazilian health policy

    Eliane Cristina Lopes Brevilheri

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to reflect on the territorial dimension has been addressed in the current Brazilian health policy. Provides an initial approximation of the theoretical discussion about the category territory and its implications for social policy. Then we analyze how this category was included in the principles and guidelines of the National Health System, deployed in key programs and normative instruments of health policy from 1990. It is concluded that: the territorial dimension was present from conception through SUS guideline regionalization of activities and services. In the main programs implemented in the 1990s, the territorial dimension had a character cutouts geographical and normative instruments gave centrality to the process of decentralization. However, from the 2000s, the regionalization strategy, pointing to the territorial perspective, gains greater significance. However, we still need to overcome the logic purely political-administrative and act so as to identify the real needs of the people, their potential, diversity and particularities, towards "used territory" referred to Milton Santos.

  4. L'influence du lien personnel entre l'entrepreneur et le territoire sur l'ancrage territorial des PME

    Bousquet, François

    2014-01-01

    Territorial anchoring is an interdisciplinary subject. It contributes to the endogenous development of the territory and raises strong political and economic issues. For the company, it involves a collective construction of resources that are specific and localized. As such, it is also a managerial challenge.The literature has shown the influence of the personal preferences of the SME's manager on some business choices, particularly those concerning the location of the company. In line with t...

  5. Agricultural population of Belgrade city territory: Basic tendencies in the demographic development, problems and possibilities of its revitalization

    Jovanović Jasmina

    2006-01-01

    The territory of Belgrade city after the Second World War, has been characterized by the intensive processes of qualitative transformation concerning settling and arrangement of population, territorial organization of production and other activities. The facts that mostly influenced these processes are migrations, caused by economic movements and development. There has been a sudden transfer of agricultural population into non-agricultural activities. Participation of agricultural population ...

  6. The current issues in a contaminated territory of Belarus

    As a result of the accident in the Chernobyl nuclear Power Station 27 456 hectares of farming land and 42 243 hectares of forest are concerned with radioactive contamination. Almost all farming lands concerned with radioactive contamination, apart from 189 hectares, are still used for agricultural production. All farming enterprises own a part of radioactive land. Territories where the average annual contamination dose for the population is likely to exceed 1 mSv are referred either to the zone of compulsory evacuation or to the zone of optional evacuation according to the density of contamination in the soil. Funds for radiological protection are taken from the national budget. The Stolyn district program of protection actions was awarded nearly 10,000 million roubles in 1997. In the district various actions are set up to decrease the contamination of produces and to specify new specialization trends for production. (R.P.)

  7. Devolution, state personnel, and the production of new territories of governance in the United Kingdom

    Rhys Jones; Mark Goodwin; Martin Jones; Glenn Simpson

    2004-01-01

    As a result of the creation of a Scottish Parliament, Welsh and Northern Irish Assemblies, and the devolution of power to various regional bodies in England, there has been a substantial territorial refocusing of governance within the United Kingdom. Much has been written in the social and political sciences concerning this change, especially with regard to the formation of new institutions of governance. Less is known concerning the connections between state personnel and this institutional ...

  8. The legislative actor in the Nobel era: Quo Vadis EU?

    Ana Isabel Xavier

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The idea of a political union, as well as an economic union of Europe, beyond free circulation of persons, goods and services, has always been included in the ideals of the building of Europe. However, its de jure formalization only occurs on November 1, 1993, when the Treaty of Maastricht is in force and a new political and strategic actor is in place: the European Union (EU. Since then, literature has "defined" the European Union in order to clearly establish what this UPO - Unidentified Political Object (an expression by Jacques Delors in the 1990s - is or what it can be. One of the ideas which has been a focus of discussion is that of "legislative actor" (Manners, 2001; 2002, which claims that the European Union has progressed towards normativity, both internally as well as externally, to its close neighbors and its relations with the rest of the world. This paper aims to contribute to the discussion on Europe's quality or condition to impose rules. We will begin by systematizing a series of achievements which, according to Manners, lead to the triangle democracy, Human Rights and good governance in the signing of the Treaty of Lisbon on December 13, 2007 and its entering in full force on December 1, 2009. However, this paper does not disregard the fact that the concept "legislative actor" has been (reworked and perfected by its author and other scholars due to criticism and empirical studies and has thus been altered, enhanced and argued against. Therefore, some concepts will be studied whose arguments will allow us to question the internal and external dimension of the actor European Union. We will also explore the symbolic power of the Union in the development of tools and capacity to be acknowledged as an actor able to face current threats and challenges but whose profile may not be different from other actors in international relations. Finally, we will discuss the impact of the EU having been awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2012 on

  9. Balancing influence between actors in healthcare decision making

    Babad Yair M

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Healthcare costs in most developed countries are not clearly linked to better patient and public health outcomes, but are rather associated with service delivery orientation. In the U.S. this has resulted in large variation in healthcare availability and use, increased cost, reduced employer participation in health insurance programs, and reduced overall population health outcomes. Recent U.S. healthcare reform legislation addresses only some of these issues. Other countries face similar healthcare issues. Discussion A major goal of healthcare is to enhance patient health outcomes. This objective is not realized in many countries because incentives and structures are currently not aligned for maximizing population health. The misalignment occurs because of the competing interests between "actors" in healthcare. In a simplified model these are individuals motivated to enhance their own health; enterprises (including a mix of nonprofit, for profit and government providers, payers, and suppliers, etc. motivated by profit, political, organizational and other forces; and government which often acts in the conflicting roles of a healthcare payer and provider in addition to its role as the representative and protector of the people. An imbalance exists between the actors, due to the resources and information control of the enterprise and government actors relative to the individual and the public. Failure to use effective preventive interventions is perhaps the best example of the misalignment of incentives. We consider the current Pareto efficient balance between the actors in relation to the Pareto frontier, and show that a significant change in the healthcare market requires major changes in the utilities of the enterprise and government actors. Summary A variety of actions are necessary for maximizing population health within the constraints of available resources and the current balance between the actors. These actions include

  10. El reclamo territorial Ayoreo Totobiegosode

    Gladys Margarita Casaccia

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available El proceso jurídico-administrativo abierto en 1993 ante los poderes del Estado Paraguayo para la reivindicación de una parte del territorio de los Totobiegosode, grupo local del pueblo Ayoreo, es experiencia singular en el país. En el proceso, los instrumentos jurídicos que garantizan derechos de los pueblos indígenas están sometidos a prueba no sólo en lo relativo a la coherencia de sus postulados, disposiciones y procedimientos, sino también en función a las constricciones del contexto socio-político. El trabajo expone el abordaje interdisciplinario de la gestión conjunta entre los Ayoreo Totobiegosode y profesionales no indígenas, como las distintas dimensiones administradas en la reivindicación territorial: étnica, ambiental, patrimonial cultural y de derechos humanos. La existencia de sub-grupos Totobiegosode sin contacto con la sociedad envolvente, y la transformación acelerada de la región del Chaco Paraguayo, son condiciones particulares de los trámites aún en curso.The legal-administrative process started in 1993 before the Paraguayan governmental powers to claim part of the land of the Totobiegosode, an indigenous local group of the Ayoreo people, is a unique experience in the country. In the process, the legal instruments that guarantee the rights of the indigenous people are not only tested with regards to the coherence of its principles, regulations and procedures, but also with regards to the constraints of the socio-political context. This paper explains the interdisciplinary approach of joint management between the Ayoreo Totobiegosode and non-indigenous team of professionals, such as the different aspects managed during the land claims: ethnic, environmental, cultural heritage and human rights. The existence of sub-groups of Totobiegosode without contact with the surrounding society, currently called "in isolation", and the accelerated transformation of the Paraguayan Chaco region, are particular conditions of

  11. Inteligencia territorial para la lucha contra la pobreza : aprendizajes de 20 años sobre el terreno

    Miedes Ugarte, Blanca; Fernández Borrero, Manuela Ángela

    2010-01-01

    Coincidiendo con el Año Europeo de Lucha contra la Pobreza y la Exclusión Social las autoras describen los orígenes de la inteligencia territorial como un campo de investigación-acción multidisciplinar que nació en los años ochenta desarrollando métodos y herramientas para que los actores sociales trabajasen de manera participativa y multidimensional precisamente en ese terreno. Se exponen las circunstancias que propiciaron estos desarrollos. Se describen experiencias concre...

  12. Widening the scope? How intermediary actors can shape energy consumption

    Maneschi, Davide

    2013-01-01

    , socio-technical systems, governance in the water sector and, although limitedly, in the explanation of aspects related to consumption and energy use. Building on the framework given by the review, the paper presents a case study to provide a real-life example of how intermediaries can favor the more......This paper deals with energy consumption in the residential sector and with the implementation of measures to reduce it. While most research dealing with energy consumption has targeted factors and drivers at the individual user level, more recent works have highlighted collective aspects of...... (energy) consumption, both to explain the resilience of consumption patterns and to identify leverage points for the reduction of energy use. One understudied aspect of this discussion is the way “intermediary” actors – those actors who are neither policy makers, nor users, nor energy providers...

  13. Semantics for Communicating Actors with Interdependent Real-Time Deadlines

    Knoll, Istvan; Ravn, Anders Peter; Skou, Arne

    2009-01-01

    Models of embedded systems with communicating actors and deadlines offer abstraction and encapsulation of related functionality, but their behavior is complex. Verification is therefore difficult and requires a combination of simulation, model checking and testing tools. In order to rely on the...... results, these tools must use consistent semantics for the model. Yet, a monolithic semantic model is just as complex as the entity it describes. In order to circumvent this issue, we define a three level semantics giving independent definitions of the functionality of actors, the temporal properties of...... independent specialized verification tools. The verification task for timed, hybrid systems can thus be divided into the continuous, discrete, and timing domains with automated translation to specialized tools, and this promises better scalability than simulation or model checking of one complex model....

  14. Engaging Actors in Co-Designing Heterogeneous Innovations

    Jørgensen, Ulrik; Lindegaard, Hanne; Rosenqvist, Tanja Schultz

    In this paper we share and analyze our experiences staging a co-design process in which we through different interventions engage important actors in designing. Our experiences are taking from an innovation and research project about user-involvement in textile design processes. As the project...... focused on textiles role in healing hospital environments, the co-design process analyzed is a process of designing textile products for these environments. During the co-design process we engaged architects, engineers and textile designers. The focus in this paper is specifically on the challenges...... related to translating and transporting the results of these different events due to the institutional and professional framing of projects and design processes. We are analyzing these through an actor network approach and use the translation term to describe how the participants slowly became engaged in...

  15. Chinas carbon-intensity target: climate actors and policy developments

    Stensdal, Iselin

    2012-11-01

    China has become the largest GHG emitting country, and announced in 2009 its first policy objective measured in carbon emissions. The carbon-intensity target is to reduce the carbon intensity by 40-45 % by 2020 compared to 200 levels. Since then there has been further policy developments in order to attain the reduction carbon intensity and steer China towards a low-carbon development. The 12th 5-year plan (2011-2015) is strong on incentives for reducing China's carbon intensity such as energy conservation measures and the establishment of new market-based mechanisms. While the central government forms the policies, the implementation is dependent on a range of actors. In addition to the climate change bureaucracy, the positive forces and actors on GHG mitigation is presented. All in all, there are promising developments in China for the years to come.(auth)

  16. Importance of Actors and Agency in Sustainability Transitions: A Systematic Exploration of the Literature

    Lisa-Britt Fischer

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the role of actors and agency in the literature on sustainability transitions. We reviewed 386 journal articles on transition management and sustainability transitions listed in Scopus from 1995 to 2014. We investigate the thesis that actors have been neglected in this literature in favor of more abstract system concepts. Results show that this thesis cannot be confirmed on a general level. Rather, we find a variety of different approaches, depending on the systemic level, for clustering actors and agency as niche, regime, and landscape actors; the societal realm; different levels of governance; and intermediaries. We also differentiate between supporting and opposing actors. We find that actor roles in transitions are erratic, since their roles can change over the course of time, and that actors can belong to different categories. We conclude by providing recommendations for a comprehensive typology of actors in sustainability transitions.

  17. The role of HR actors in knowledge networks

    Nada Zupan; Robert Kaše

    2007-01-01

    Purpose – The paper aims to examine structural positions of individuals, especially HR actors (line managers and HR specialists) within relational networks for creating and sharing knowledge and to explore implications for designing and implementing HR practices in knowledge-intensive firms (KIF). Design/methodology/approach – This article used exploratory research design conducting a single case study of a KIF. Social network analysis (SNA) – network centrality measures and visualization too...

  18. The Grenelle de l'Environnement - actors, discourses, effects

    This document proposes an abstract of a collective publication which aimed at assessing the effects of the French environmental policy 'Grenelle de l'Environnement', its methodological originality and its consequences in terms of environmental public policies. The authors propose a sociological analysis of the about thousand five hundred involved actors, a thorough analysis of discourses, and an inventory of effects in three specific fields

  19. Demystifying Facilitation of Multi-Actor Learning Processes

    Groot, A.E.

    2002-01-01

     This thesis aims to demystify the facilitation of participatory processes in order to improve the performance of the facilitation professional. As our society is increasingly recognised as pluralistic, characterised by multiple actors with different interests, values and perceptions, participation has become a popular means of bringing about social and technical change. Across the globe, whether in agricultural development, poverty alleviation, natural resource management, health promotion o...

  20. Actor Bonds in Situations of Discontinuous Business Activities

    Skaates, Maria Anne

    2000-01-01

    Demand in many industrial buying situations, e.g. project purchases or procurement related to virtual organizations, is discontinuous. In situations of discontinuity, networks are often more of an ad hos informational and social nature, as strong activity and resource links are not present...... the institutional concept of the "field". Finally this paper introduces the concept of "social capital" (Bourdieu, 1983) and discusses whether it can be used to conceptualize the dynamic features of actor bonds in situations of discontinuity....

  1. An Actor-Critic Algorithm for Sequence Prediction

    Bahdanau, Dzmitry; Brakel, Philemon; Xu, Kelvin; Goyal, Anirudh; Lowe, Ryan; Pineau, Joelle; Courville, Aaron; Bengio, Yoshua

    2016-01-01

    We present an approach to training neural networks to generate sequences using actor-critic methods from reinforcement learning (RL). Current log-likelihood training methods are limited by the discrepancy between their training and testing modes, as models must generate tokens conditioned on their previous guesses rather than the ground-truth tokens. We address this problem by introducing a \\textit{critic} network that is trained to predict the value of an output token, given the policy of an...

  2. Territorial Cohesion Indicators for Sustainability and Economic Breakthrough

    Agita Livina; Visvaldis Valtenbergs

    2013-01-01

    The analysis of large internal disparities between metropolitan regions and rural regions of European Union NUTS III level shows relevance of territorial cohesion Territorial cohesion requires integrated approach in regional planning and regional development. Therefore assessing progress towards territorial cohesion is a demanding task. In this report we are examining indicators of territorial cohesion using four themes that are usually associated with territorial cohesion - environmental res...

  3. Territorial intrusion risk and antipredator behaviour: a mathematical model.

    Díaz-Uriarte, R.

    2001-01-01

    In territorial animals that hide to avoid predators, a predatory attack creates a conflict because a hiding animal cannot defend its territory from conspecific intruders. When intruders are persistent, a past conspecific intrusion informs a territorial resident that future intrusions by the same animal are likely. Using a mathematical model, I examine the effects that past territorial intrusions can have on antipredator behaviour. Past territorial intrusions rarely affect a resident animal's ...

  4. Biomass markets. Growth strategy and challenges for French actors

    This study comprises three reports. The first one is an executive summary which focuses on the main aspects of the evolution of the activity in the biomass sector, and highlights factors of change and their strategic consequences. The second one proposes an overview of the situation of biomass French markets, analyses growth strategies adopted by actors of the biomass sector (development of new production capacities, international growth, development of strategies based on several energies, diversification of prospects, innovation and improvement of installation efficiency), and discusses the main strategic challenges on the medium term. The third report proposes a presentation of the context of French biomass markets (political, regulatory and energetic framework, energetic assessment and assessment of the waste-based sector, economic context, housing stock, and other contextual factors), a presentation of the biomass French market (data for 2005-2013, dynamics of three specific segments: solid biomass, renewable urban wastes, and biogas), and a description of the competitive landscape (economic structure, actors) and of the 15 main actors

  5. The European Union as a Comprehensive Police Actor

    Stephen Anthony Rozée

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The European Union (EU has responded to changing security threats by seeking to increase cooperation between the law enforcement agencies of the Member States, granting further powers to Europol and other intelligence-sharing institutions, and by undertaking police missions beyond EU borders. The literature relating to EU policing is generally focused on the ‘internal’ and ‘external’ dimensions, or on specific aspects of police activity. This tendency to concentrate on narrow or isolated areas of policing has led to a significant gap regarding the broader analysis of the EU as a comprehensive police actor. Important questions about the nature of EU policing as a whole, as well as the contribution of policing activities to the EU’s security agenda, remain unexplored in the literature. This article aims to define what is meant by ‘comprehensive policing’ and to indentify criteria by which the comprehensiveness of EU-level policing may be measured. In addition to this, an integrated actorness/police comprehensiveness framework will be presented as a tool for assessing the EU as a comprehensive police actor.

  6. Territorial projection of the ecologically important territories and selected natural resources; 1 : 750 000

    Slovakia boasts extremely varied natural conditions and consequently, irregular distribution of natural resources and ecologically important territories. Ecologically important territories are classified into 9 categories and the selected important natural resources are classified into 15 categories. Certain rate of generalisation was necessary for processing of this map. The real picture of their spatial distribution is processed in detail in framework of 60 categories. (author)

  7. 31 CFR 500.322 - Authorized trade territory; member of the authorized trade territory.

    2010-07-01

    ...); E.O. 9193, 3 CFR 1943 Cum. Supp.; Treas. Dept. Order No. 128, 32 FR 3472) ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Authorized trade territory; member of the authorized trade territory. 500.322 Section 500.322 Money and Finance: Treasury...

  8. Multidimensionality of Actors in Business Networks: The Influence of Social Action in Pharmacy Networks in Finland

    Steinby, Camilla

    2009-01-01

    In the markets-as-networks approach business networks are conceived as dynamic actor structures, giving focus to exchange relationships and actors’ capabilities to control and co-ordinate activities and resources. Researchers have shared an understanding that actors’ actions are crucial for the development of business networks and for network dynamics. However, researchers have mainly studied firms as business actors and excluded individuals, although both firms and individuals can be see...

  9. Trust in social actors and attitudes towards genetically modified organisms in Slovenia:

    Erjavec, Karmen; Hafner-Fink, Mitja; Uhan, Samo; Zajc, Jožica

    2013-01-01

    This article tries to fulfil the research gap left by the fact that no study to date has examined how trust in social actors affects attitudes towards genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Therefore, two key hypotheses were posited: a) trust in social actors is a more important factor of attitudes towards GMOs than knowledge about GMOs; and b) trust in certain social actors is a more important factor than trust in other social actors. Telephone survey data of adult Slovenians were used. The ...

  10. Trust in social actors and attitudes towards genetically modified organisms in Slovenia

    Karmen Erjavec; Jožica Zajc; Mitja Hafner Fink; Samo Uhan

    2013-01-01

    This article tries to fulfil the research gap left by the fact that no study to date has examined how trust in social actors affects attitudes towards genetically modified organisms (GMOs). Therefore, two key hypotheses were posited: a) trust in social actors is a more important factor of attitudes towards GMOs than knowledge about GMOs; and b) trust in certain social actors is a more important factor than trust in other social actors. Telephone survey data of adult Slovenians were used. The ...

  11. A Low-cost System for Generating Near-realistic Virtual Actors

    Afifi, Mahmoud; Hussain, Khaled F.; Ibrahim, Hosny M.; Omar, Nagwa M.

    2015-06-01

    Generating virtual actors is one of the most challenging fields in computer graphics. The reconstruction of a realistic virtual actor has been paid attention by the academic research and the film industry to generate human-like virtual actors. Many movies were acted by human-like virtual actors, where the audience cannot distinguish between real and virtual actors. The synthesis of realistic virtual actors is considered a complex process. Many techniques are used to generate a realistic virtual actor; however they usually require expensive hardware equipment. In this paper, a low-cost system that generates near-realistic virtual actors is presented. The facial features of the real actor are blended with a virtual head that is attached to the actor's body. Comparing with other techniques that generate virtual actors, the proposed system is considered a low-cost system that requires only one camera that records the scene without using any expensive hardware equipment. The results of our system show that the system generates good near-realistic virtual actors that can be used on many applications.

  12. Cognitively Central Actors and Their Personal Networks in an Energy Efficiency Training Program

    Hytönen, Kaisa; Palonen, Tuire; Hakkarainen, Kai

    2014-01-01

    This article aims to examine cognitively central actors and their personal networks in the emerging field of energy efficiency. Cognitively central actors are frequently sought for professional advice by other actors and, therefore, they are positioned in the middle of a social network. They often are important knowledge resources, especially in…

  13. Who Needs What? Some Thoughts on the Possibility of Using Psychology in Actor Training.

    Vulova, Marina

    2001-01-01

    Contends that the aim of professional actor training is to reveal and develop an actor's individuality. Proposes that the responsibility of drama teachers is to lead training in such away that students feel accepted, understood, and respected. Proposes that psychodrama is the most appropriate method for student and professional actors' personal…

  14. The perception of nuclear risks on French sites: social actors and rumors

    This study summarizes the main French researchs on people living close to nuclear plants and their perception of nuclear risks. The ethnological approach was utilized, consisting in an observer living long periods of time on the site. It shows the existence of a ''psychogeographical'' zone in which people fell concerned by the building of the plant. This event reinforce the existing tensions between the social actors in the field of the site. The plant is seen as a ''big work'' ''eating'' land from agriculture and recreation, mixed with a nuclear thing mysterious and dangerous. Perceptions and rumors are greatly varying depending time and space. These results may be applied to a better siting of the plants

  15. Towards a new perspective of managing ideas in front-end innovation as actor networks

    Vagn, Anna Rose; Clausen, Christian; Gish, Liv

    2013-01-01

    been identified as front-end innovation processes. The front-end innovation is distinguished from linear product development and characterised as more informal, unstructured, and unpredictable. This paper presents the preliminary results of a PhD project concerning idea management in front......For decades the innovation process in R&D organisations has been discussed. Product development processes is well-established in R&D organisations and improvements has been implemented through theories as Lean product development and agile methods. In recent decades, more diffuse processes have......-end innovation of R&D organisations. Through theoretical and empirical investigations of managing activities of idea processes an indicative analysis in the perspective of actor network theory is performed. The analysis show how managers and employees navigate in a complex environment of organisational...

  16. A Kind of Adaptive Fuzzy Actor-Critic Learning%一种自适应模糊Actor-Critic学习

    王雪松; 程玉虎; 易建强

    2006-01-01

    提出一种基于模糊RBF网络的自适应模糊Actor-Critic学习.采用一个模糊RBF神经网络同时逼近Actor的动作函数和Critic的值函数,解决状态空间泛化中易出现的"维数灾"问题.模糊RBF网络能够根据环境状态和被控对象特性的变化进行网络结构和参数的自适应学习,使得网络结构更加紧凑,整个模糊Actor-Critic学习具有泛化性能好、控制结构简单和学习效率高的特点.Mountain Car的仿真结果验证了所提方法的有效性.

  17. The Six concerns for Separation of Concerns

    Aksit, Mehmet; Tekinerdogan, Bedir; Bergmans, Lodewijk

    2001-01-01

    Despite a common agreement on the necessity of the application of the separation of concerns (SOC) principle, there is not yet a consensus for its key issues. The separation of the concerns is usually based on the adopted programming paradigm, the applied method or even the programming language. This paper presents the so-called six ‘C’ properties that can be applied as a guideline for defining and evaluating the approaches that adopt the SOC principle.

  18. Pensando el “Plan Ceibal” desde la perspectiva de la Acción Pública y la Teoría del Actor-Red

    Silva Ramos, Mónica Elena Da; López Gallego, Laura

    2014-01-01

    En este artículo, pretendemos analizar y discutir el Plan Ceibal, desde la perspectiva de la Acción Pública y la Teoría del Actor-Red. Consideramos que el Plan Ceibal, implementado en el Uruguay a partir del 2007, ilustra el concepto de acción pública, ya que en él participan una multiplicidad de actores gubernamentales y no gubernamentales, a la vez que componentes humanos y no humanos. En este sentido, la Teoría del Actor- Red (TAR) aporta elementos para reflexionar en torno a la apropiació...

  19. Rural territorial dynamics in Latin America

    Manuel Chiriboga

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This article draws from the preliminary findings of an ongoing appliedresearch program on rural territorial dynamics carried out by the Latin American Center for Rural Development (RIMISP. The article provides some initial findings on 4 territories, of the 11 territories that are part of the overall study. The case studies include the island of Chiloé in southern Chile, the province of Tungurahua in Ecuador, a dairy farm region of Santo Tomás Nicaragua and Cuatro Lagunas near Cuzco Perú. Rural areas in Latin America are characterized by their dual nature with agro-exporting enclaves linked to global value chains alongside impoverished peasant economies, leading to differentiated policy recommendations. The research attempts to find relationships between reduced poverty and inequality in winning regions, measured by three variables, with issues of access to resources, human capital, political empowerment, markets and institutions, with particular attention to innovative social coalitions.

  20. Territorial Rights, Political Association, and Immigration

    Lægaard, Sune

    2013-01-01

    Liberals conceive of territorial rights as dependent on the legitimacy of the state, which is in turn understood in terms of the state’s protection of individual rights and freedoms. Such justifications of territorial rights have difficulties in addressing the right to control immigration, which is...... therefore in need of additional justification. The paper considers Christopher Heath Wellman’s liberal proposal for justifying the right to control immigration, which understands the right as derivative of a general right to freedom of association held collectively by the people of the state. The paper...... argues that state legitimacy and freedom of political association fail to connect in the way required to justify a right to control immigration. Wellman’s argument conflates the state as an institution and the people as a political collective and elides the difference between territorial jurisdiction and...

  1. Campania: Territory and City in front of the Challenge of Logistics

    Giuseppe Mazzeo

    2011-10-01

    analyses the relationships between territory and logistics and identifies either themain elements of interconnection or crisis in the use of physical space, due to the diverging objectivesbetween territorial government and economic actors.The second part considers the condition of good’s movement in relation to the Mediterranean port facilities,to the state of the regional logistics system, and to the economic and territorial Campanian situation.To this purpose, the paper also explores the evolution of territorial planning in Campania, highlighting howa series of choices, including those related to the location of logistics facilities, have been made outside ofexisting planning tools.

  2. TIPNIS ¿Environmental or territorial conflict?

    Verónica Barroso Mendizábal

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The 8th Indigenous People March in Bolivia started in August 2011 to the defense and recognition of the rights of indigenous peoples and their territories, also as a response to government plans to build a transoceanic highway through the Isiboro Secure Indigenous Territory and National Park (known by its Spanish acronym TIPNIS. Despite it has been more than two decades since these nations have been claiming and demanding that laws are enforced, the fight over the land is still the main issue. This paper proposes to think the conflict around TIPNIS mainly on the basis of a land problem and secondary as an environmental conflict.

  3. EU Territorial Impact Assessment: Under What Conditions?

    Zonneveld, W.; Waterhout, B.

    2009-01-01

    Since the start of the making of the ESDP, back in 1989, there has been interest in a ‘Territorial impact assessment’. This interest has been revamped now that the Territorial Cohesion green paper is out. Yet, at the EU level there is still little guidance on how a TIA might be done and on what it actually is or could be. This paper aims to ask and answer a set of fundamental questions that need to be addressed before engaging into developing an EU TIA instrument. Taking a multi-level governa...

  4. The territoriality paradigm in cultural tourism

    Jansen-Verbeke, Myriam

    2009-01-01

    A typical geographers' approach to tourism is to emphasise the analysis of spatial flows and space uses and the synthesis of territorial coherence between people, place and product. The renewed interest in the territorial aspects of tourism can be seen as a response to globalisation on the one hand and the search for unique, authentic and grass-rooted experience on the other. In recent tourism studies the focus and methods shift from a description of patterns to the analysis of processes of c...

  5. La región de la triple frontera: territorios de integración y desintegración The triple frontier region: territories of integration and disintegration

    Ramón Fogel

    2008-01-01

    En el articulo se analiza la triple frontera (Foz de Iguazú, Puerto Iguazu e Ciudad del Elste) como territorio construido, apropriado y controlado por actores, algunos extra regionales. Estos actores mantienen vínculos entre si que implican relaciones de poder, y están involucrados en actividades y procesos con incidencia en la integración regional.This article analyses the triple frontier (Foz do Iguaçú, Puerto Iguazu and Ciudad del Este) as a constructed territory, owned and controlled by a...

  6. Sharing, caring, and surveilling: an actor-partner interdependence model examination of Facebook relational maintenance strategies.

    McEwan, Bree

    2013-12-01

    Abstract Relational maintenance is connected to high quality friendships. Friendship maintenance behaviors may occur online via social networking sites. This study utilized an Actor-Partner Interdependence Model to examine how Facebook maintenance and surveillance affect friendship quality. Bryant and Marmo's (2012) Facebook maintenance scale was evaluated, revealing two factors: sharing and caring. Facebook surveillance was also measured. For friendship satisfaction and liking, significant positive actor and partner effects emerged for caring; significant negative actor, partner, and interaction effects emerged for sharing; and significant positive actor effects emerged for surveillance. For friendship closeness, significant positive actor effects emerged for caring and surveillance. PMID:23962125

  7. Mitigating greenhouse gas emissions of the agriculture sector in France. Collection of territorial experiences

    After having briefly indicated the different origins of direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions by the agriculture sector, presented the technical and political context, and outlined the need for new practices to struggle against climate change and to adapt to changes to come, this publication reports some experiments undertaken in different French regions: a farm network as an animation tool to support farmers, a local partnership to conciliate town and agriculture, the development of actions on energy and greenhouse gases in agriculture, the implementation of climate and agriculture plan, a network of agricultural actors for a sustainable support of change, an agriculture with and for its territory and inhabitants, a debate on agriculture and climate

  8. EVALUACIÓN AMBIENTAL ESTRATÉGICA: INSTRUMENTO PARA LA PLANIFICACIÓN TERRITORIAL URBANA

    Mabel Ximena Molina Urra

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio tiene por finalidad relevar la Evaluación Ambiental Estratégica (EAE como una herramienta útil para la generación de los Instrumentos de Planificación Territorial en la Región de La Araucanía. Se identificaron y caracterizaron los distintos niveles de planificación urbana,según lo establecido por la Ley General de Urbanismo y Construcciones; contrastando el ingreso de estos al Sistema de Evaluación de Impacto Ambiental (SEIA definido en la Ley 19.300 de Bases del Medio Ambiente y su posterior modificación a través de la Ley 20.417. Para contrastar ambos procedimientos se desarrolló un proceso exploratorio descriptivo, utilizando tanto fuentes primarias, a través de la aplicación de entrevistas a actores claves como secundarios.

  9. The Power of the Capability Constraint: On Russia’s Strength in the Arctic Territorial Dispute

    Valko Irina

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Based on a geographical-administrative definition of the region, the theoretical assumptions of contemporary French structuralist geopolitics, cross-sectional data for 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010 from the Updated Arctic Regional Attributes Dataset, and the technical capabilities of MS Office Excel 2010, this research (a reveals and contrasts the Arctic states’ capability constraints deriving from their longitudinal material and virtual power potential (physical potential, socio-economic potential, military potential, and symbolic potential; and (b analyses the role of this constraint in the process of preference formation in case of one specific Arctic actor, Russia, in the Arctic territorial dispute. This study confirms that Russia’s capability constraint is the lowest in the region and that the latter does not form a stable trend throughout the period studied. It also suggests the preference formation framework for Russia in the Arctic dispute based on the evolution of its polar capability constraint.

  10. South China Sea Territorial Disputes and Sino-Philippine Trade

    FANG; WANG

    2015-01-01

    As political factors affect trade activities greatly, this paper considers whether a series of political events have had a negative impact on Sino-Philippine trade relations. Of particular concern is the influence on bilateral relations and the Philippines’ domestic economy from political and diplomatic tensions between China and the Philippines caused by territorial disputes in the South China Sea. Political events are divided into two levels, general conflicts and serious conflicts, which are analyzed from the perspectives of both overall level and product level to present their final impact on trade. This research finds that territorial disputes between the two countries deteriorated trade, as the volume of trade usually decreased distinctly after conflicts. The negative impact on trade generated by serious conflicts usually occurred more rapidly and on a larger scale. The effect of trade deterioration caused by political events weakened over time. Furthermore, after serious conflicts, although the volume of trade of certain products decreased temporarily, it rebounded quickly or even increased soon. However, industrial equipment or industrial raw materials trade activities between the two countries were basically independent of the conflicts’ impact.

  11. CREMA-D: Crowd-sourced Emotional Multimodal Actors Dataset

    Cao, Houwei; Cooper, David G.; Keutmann, Michael K; Gur, Ruben C.; Nenkova, Ani; Verma, Ragini

    2014-01-01

    People convey their emotional state in their face and voice. We present an audio-visual data set uniquely suited for the study of multi-modal emotion expression and perception. The data set consists of facial and vocal emotional expressions in sentences spoken in a range of basic emotional states (happy, sad, anger, fear, disgust, and neutral). 7,442 clips of 91 actors with diverse ethnic backgrounds were rated by multiple raters in three modalities: audio, visual, and audio-visual. Categoric...

  12. Summary on main policies, funding mechanisms, actors and trends

    Kressler, Florian; Weiss, Lucas; Åkerman, Jonas;

    This document summarizes the output of WP 3 on policies, funding mechanisms, actors and trends relating the four thematic groups. Each thematic group examines one goal of the White Paper on Transport, published by the European Commission in 2011. The purpose of this document is to provide input f...... further work carried out in the project, especially the road-mapping exercises and the strategic outlook carried out in WP 6. The inputs for this document include information from a literature review and direct consultation with stakeholders....

  13. Actor-Network Theory: sensitive terms and enduring tensions

    Mol, A.

    2010-01-01

    ANT is not a "theory", or, if it is, then a "theory" does not necessarily offer a coherent framework, but may as well be an adaptable, open repository. A list of terms. A set of sensitivities. If ANT is a theory, then a theory helps to tell cases, draw contrasts, articulate silent layers, turn questions upside down, focus on the unexpected, add to one’s sensitivities, propose new terms, and shift stories from one context to another. In this presentation of "Actor Network Theory" the terms "ac...

  14. Perspectives of a concerned developing country

    We convene today against a backdrop of disturbing developments that have taken place in the field of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation over the past 15 years. Every nation on Earth holds high stakes in the promotion of these twin goals; however, whichever way we choose to set our sights, we find today that confidence is eroding in the process agreed upon and generally entrusted with fostering those objectives for four decades. The views I would like to convey to you are therefore not exclusively those of a developing country. For all our countries are at various stages in the development process of peaceful nuclear applications, especially as concerns the production of energy for a post-Kyoto world. On the issue relating to nuclear material reaching unauthorized actors, we should do our utmost in order to prevent theft or the unaccountability of radioactive material. Having said that, I am not convinced that non-State actors can on their own develop nuclear weapons or any other explosive nuclear device without the help of a State. The question therefore is one of ensuring that security measures are effective and implementable. I leave it to others more knowledgeable than myself to dwell on this issue during the forthcoming days of this conference

  15. Actor coalitions and implementation in strategic delta planning: Opening the Haringvliet sluices in the Netherlands

    Vermoolen, Myrthe; Hermans, Leon

    2016-04-01

    The sustained development of urbanizing deltas is influenced by natural and societal processes. These processes are characterized by their long time span, in which conflicting interests of different stakeholders have to be reconciled. Reaching consent between actors is a challenge itself, but maintaining this consent throughout different stages of strategic planning - from advocacy and agenda setting to implementation - over these long periods of time is even more difficult. The implementation stage still includes many different actors involved, some of which are different than the ones who agreed before, due to both the long run of the strategic delta planning, and to a shift of tasks and responsibilities. Thus, implementation of strategic plans often features delays, deviations of agreed plans and unintended outcomes. A key question therefore is how coalition dynamics in (pre-)planning stages influence and are influenced by the coalition dynamics during implementation. The different stages in strategic planning are often studied from either a plan formulation or an implementation perspective, but the connection between the two proves an important bottleneck for strategic planning in deltas. For instance, many building with nature solutions are still in their pilot-phase, and their upscaling can profit from lessons concerning past implementation efforts. The proposed contribution will use the case of the management of the Dutch Haringvliet sluices and the decision ('Kierbesluit') in 2000 to put these sluices ajar, to study the link between the different strategic delta planning stages and the role of the formation and change of actor coalitions herein. With the completion of the Haringvliet dam with outlet sluices in 1970, the Haringvliet estuary of the rivers Rhine and Meuse was closed off from the sea, creating a fresh water lake. This was done to make the Dutch Southwest delta safe from flooding, and had positive effects for agricultural water supply and

  16. Construal level and free will beliefs shape perceptions of actors' proximal and distal intent.

    Plaks, Jason E; Robinson, Jeffrey S

    2015-01-01

    Two components of lay observers' calculus of moral judgment are proximal intent (the actor's mind is focused on performing the action) and distal intent (the actor's mind is focused on the broader goal). What causes observers to prioritize one form of intent over the other? The authors observed whether construal level (Studies 1-2) and beliefs about free will (Studies 3-4) would influence participants' sensitivity to the actor's proximal vs. distal intent. In four studies, participants read scenarios in which the actor's proximal and distal intent were independently manipulated. In Study 1, when only distal intent was present in the actor's mind, participants rated the psychologically distant actor more responsible than the psychologically near actor. In Study 2, when only distal intent was in the actor's mind, participants with a chronic high level of action identification rated the actor more responsible than did those with a low level of action identification. In both studies, when only proximal intent was in the actor's mind, construal level did not predict judgments of responsibility. In Study 3, when only proximal intent was present in the actor's mind, the more participants believed in free will, the more they rated the actor responsible. When only distal intent was in the actor's mind, free will belief did not influence ratings of responsibility. In Study 4, the same pattern emerged when free will/determinism beliefs were manipulated and the actor performed a positive (life-saving) act. The authors discuss how these results shed new light on the literatures on moral reasoning and psycho-legal theory. PMID:26106352

  17. Las unidades de planificación y gestión territorial como directriz para la zonificación urbana (planning units and land management as guidelines for urban zoning

    Ernesto Villegas Rodríguez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El presente artículo, derivado de investigación, presenta el marco conceptual y metodológico resultados del estudio de las Unidades de Planificación Territorial y de Gestión como Instrumento Operativo para la toma de Decisiones Urbano Rural, los POTs y PDM, instrumentos de planteamiento en el corto, mediano y largo plazo, en este orden la zonificación del territorio se convierte en la alternativa para plantear y fortalecer las Unidades de Gestión y Planificación Territorial donde se debe fortalecer la institucionalidad a partir de la incorporación de los actores y sectores público, privado y sociedad civil. ABSTRACT: This current article, derived from a piece of research, introduces in the theoretical and methodological frameworks, the results of a study of the Land Planning Units and of Management as an Operational Instrument for the Rural-Urban decisionmaking, the Territorial Ordering Plan –TOP– and Municipal Development Plan – MDP–, instruments of approach in the short, medium and long terms; in this order, the zoning of the territory becomes an alternative to raise and to strengthen the Management Units and the Territorial Planning, where the institutional framework must be consolidated from the incorporation of public, private actors and sectors, and the civil society.

  18. The nuclear accident risk: a territorial approach

    How many people live in the vicinity of French nuclear power stations? Recent events - notably in Japan, but also in France - highlight the urgent need to be able to predict the possible effects of a nuclear accident on surrounding territories. Here, Ambroise Pascal identifies two key criteria for such an estimation: residential density and land use. (author)

  19. Mining and energy in the Northern Territory

    Included in this book is a section on each of the major minerals of present or future importance to the Northern Territory. Brief details of the uranium mining projects at Nabarlek, Ranger, Koongarra and Jabiluka in the Alligator Rivers regions are given. Subjects such as environmental protection, Aboriginal land rights and the geology of the area are also considered

  20. About research problems of historic territories

    Drdácký, Miloš

    Istanbul: UTEA, 2005, s. 51-54 ISBN 975-395-866-8. [ICOMOS/CIVVIH Istanbul 2005. Istanbul (TR), 21.05.2005-24.05.2005] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20710524 Keywords : European construction technology platform * research on historic cities and territories * 7th Framework Programme EC Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  1. Child Homicide on the Territory of Belgrade

    Baralic, Ivanka; Savic, Slobodan; Alempijevic, Djordje M.; Jecmenica, Dragan S.; Sbutega-Milosevic, Gorica; Obradovic, Miroljub

    2010-01-01

    Objective: This study examines the incidence and other epidemiological and medico-legal characteristics of child homicide in the territory of Belgrade, Republic of Serbia. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of all autopsies carried out at the Institute of Forensic Medicine in Belgrade during a 15 year period between 1991 and 2005,…

  2. The Formulation of Extra-Territorial Recognition

    Hrubec, Marek

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 1, č. 1 (2010), s. 65-72. ISSN 1674-1277 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LC06013 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : global justice * extra-territorial recognition Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  3. Actors of Columbian drug trade : development and transformation

    Soňa Smolíková

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to portray the main shifts which have been taking place in Colombian drug scene since the 70’s up to the present especially in relation to actors of this business and form of their activity. At first the development of Colombian drug trade till the 80’s when two big cartels centered in Medellín and Cali arose will be briefly outlined. These cartels were able to control a great part of domestic drug trade and due to their enormous power represented serious threat to Colombian state. Thus the cartels declared open warfare with the state in the 80’s. After the cartels’ elimination in the middle of 90’s new actors represented by small drug organizations arose in Colombian drug scene. These small groups were dependent upon cooperation with foreign partners, especially with Mexican cartels. Ever more important role in drug business is played by Colombian left-wing guerilla groups which will be described in the next part of the article. The problem of right-wing paramilitary groups and their participation in Colombian drug trade will be mentioned as well.

  4. Chile. Actores Populares en la Protesta Nacional, 1983-1984

    Marisa REVILLA BLANCO

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Los acontecimientos y los actores implicados en las movilizaciones producidas en Santiago de Chile en 1983-84, son el objeto de andlisis de este artículo. Tras una breve exposición del contexto económico y político, se describen los rasgos fundamentales y la evolución de las protestas. Del análisis de los hechos se deducen tres objetivos implícitos en las movilizaciones: recuperación de la identidad política y social, integración polltica de los excluidos y democracia. Los resultados son dispares; mientras en el plano político se produce una derrota, en lo referente a la expresividad de las acciones y al problema de la integración, las movilizaciones fueron exitosas.ABSTRACT: ThLs article focuses on the events and actors involved in the mobilizations tha took place in Santiago de Chile between 1983-1984. After a short exposition of the political and economic context, it describes the main characteristics and the protest's evolution. Three implicit objetives can be identified from the demostrations: the recovering of social and political identity, the political integration of the excluded people and democracy. The results are inequal; while on the political level a defeat ocurs, with regard to the expressiveness of the actions and the integration's problem, the mobilizations were successful.

  5. What about the "actor's formant" in actresses' voices?

    Master, Suely; De Biase, Noemi Grigolleto; Madureira, Sandra

    2012-05-01

    Spectrographic analysis of male actors' voices showed a cluster, the "actor's formant" (AF), which is related to the perception of good and projected voice quality. To date, similar phenomena have not been described in the voices of actresses. Therefore, the objective of the current investigation was to compare actresses' and nonactresses' voices through acoustic analysis to verify the existence of the "AF" cluster or the strategies used to produce the performing voice. Thirty actresses and 30 nonactresses volunteered as subjects in the present study. All subjects read a 40-second text at both habitual and loud levels. Praat (v.5.1) was then used to analyze equivalent sound pressure level (Leq), speaking fundamental frequency (SFF), and in the long-term average spectrum window, the difference between the amplitude level of the fundamental frequency and first formant (L1-L0), the spectral tilt (alpha ratio), and the amplitude and frequency of the "AF" region. Significant differences between the groups, in both levels, were observed for SFF and L1-L0, with actresses presenting lower values. There were no significant differences between groups for Leq or alpha ratio at either level. There was no evidence of an "AF" cluster in the actresses' voices. Voice projection for this group of actresses seemed to be mainly a result of a laryngeal setting instead of vocal tract resonances. PMID:21376530

  6. Identidad, escritura, performance: Marco Paolini, actor y autor

    Simone Soriani

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Marco Paolini es uno de los más representativos actores y autores del llamado "teatro di narrazione". El presente artículo pretende acercarse a algunos aspectos centrales de su poética en tanto actor y escritor, tales como los complejos y articulados procesos a través de los cuales llega a un (más o menos definitivo texto escrito; la fuerte relación que establece entre él y su público, a quien Paolini siempre se dirige consciente y explícitamente con gags y "bromas" en ocasiones tomados de la tradición del teatro popular italiano; o el "lenguaje del cuerpo" que Paolini pone en práctica en el escenario y en las páginas de sus libros publicados, en el que (de un modo personal mezcla el italiano, dialectos venecianos y ecos de poetas y escritores de la tradición literaria italiana.

  7. Song Perception by Professional Singers and Actors: An MEG Study.

    Rosslau, Ken; Herholz, Sibylle C; Knief, Arne; Ortmann, Magdalene; Deuster, Dirk; Schmidt, Claus-Michael; Zehnhoff-Dinnesen, Antoinetteam; Pantev, Christo; Dobel, Christian

    2016-01-01

    The cortical correlates of speech and music perception are essentially overlapping, and the specific effects of different types of training on these networks remain unknown. We compared two groups of vocally trained professionals for music and speech, singers and actors, using recited and sung rhyme sequences from German art songs with semantic and/ or prosodic/melodic violations (i.e. violations of pitch) of the last word, in order to measure the evoked activation in a magnetoencephalographic (MEG) experiment. MEG data confirmed the existence of intertwined networks for the sung and spoken modality in an early time window after word violation. In essence for this early response, higher activity was measured after melodic/prosodic than semantic violations in predominantly right temporal areas. For singers as well as for actors, modality-specific effects were evident in predominantly left-temporal lateralized activity after semantic expectancy violations in the spoken modality, and right-dominant temporal activity in response to melodic violations in the sung modality. As an indication of a special group-dependent audiation process, higher neuronal activity for singers appeared in a late time window in right temporal and left parietal areas, both after the recited and the sung sequences. PMID:26863437

  8. Understanding Health Information Seeking from an Actor-Centric Perspective.

    Batchelor, Simon; Waldman, Linda; Bloom, Gerry; Rasheed, Sabrina; Scott, Nigel; Ahmed, Tanvir; Khan, Nazib Uz Zaman; Sharmin, Tamanna

    2015-07-01

    This paper presents a conceptual approach for discussing health information seeking among poor households in Africa and Asia. This approach is part of a larger research endeavor aimed at understanding how health systems are adapting; with possibilities and constraints emerging. These health systems can be found in a context of the changing relationships between states, markets and civil society in low and middle income countries. The paper starts from an understanding of the health sector as a "health knowledge economy", organized to provide people with access to knowledge and advice. The use of the term "health knowledge economy" draws attention to the ways the health sector is part of a broader knowledge economy changing the way individuals and households obtain and use specialist information. The paper integrates an actor centric approach with the theory of planned behavior. It seeks to identify the actors engaged in the health knowledge economy as a precursor to longer term studies on the uptake of innovations integrating health services with mobile phones, commonly designated as mHealth, contributing to an understanding of the potential vulnerabilities of poor people, and highlighting possible dangers if providers of health information and advice are strongly influenced by interest groups. PMID:26184275

  9. Spain and Mediterranean Security Governance: Neighbours, Spaces and Actors

    Sarah Wolff

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The 1999 Tampere Summit marked the start of the development of the external dimension of the European Union’s policy of Justice and Home Affairs (JHA. This external dimension has been reflected in the inclusion of JHA in agreements with third countries, and particularly with Mediterranean countries. Furthermore, the European NeighbourhoodPolicy (ENP, in addition to bilateral and multilateral programmes, confirmed the transformation of the JHA policy into one of the EU’s foreign policy objectives. In the light of this evolution, this article examines Spain’s role in the development of the Mediterraneandimension of the JHA policy: firstly, it covers the stance of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero’s government toward the JHA policy and its external dimension; secondly, it explores the new parameters of governance in the area of security and the Spanish case through three main factors: the neighbours, spaces and actors that define this governance. Lastly, and within a context of a multiplicity of governance actors on security, it focuses on the Canary Islands,which have acquired a central importance with respect to the management of borders and the policy of development for Africa. The analysis of this period helps to explain the new security perceptions that define Spain’s policy in the Mediterranean.

  10. The ecological and evolutionary stability of interspecific territoriality.

    Losin, Neil; Drury, Jonathan P; Peiman, Kathryn S; Storch, Chaya; Grether, Gregory F

    2016-03-01

    Interspecific territoriality may play an important role in structuring ecological communities, but the causes of this widespread form of interference competition remain poorly understood. Here, we investigate the phenotypic, ecological and phylogenetic correlates of interspecific territoriality in wood warblers (Parulidae). Interspecifically territorial species have more recent common ancestors and are more similar phenotypically, and are more likely to hybridise, than sympatric, non-interspecifically territorial species. After phylogenetic corrections, however, similarity in plumage and territorial song are the only significant predictors of interspecific territoriality besides syntopy (fine-scale geographic overlap). Our results do not support the long-standing hypothesis that interspecific territoriality occurs only under circumstances in which niche divergence is restricted, which combined with the high incidence of interspecific territoriality in wood warblers (39% of species), suggests that this interspecific interaction is more stable, ecologically and evolutionarily, than commonly assumed. PMID:26757047

  11. Territorial Marketing: An Approach To The Location Offer

    Texier, L

    1997-01-01

    A territorial marketing offer involves a number of different factors beyond that of the simple offer of a location that a firm requires to establish itself. The marketing analysis of this offer leads to a consideration of its two aspects : the territorial package and the location product. In this paper the author describes two distinct viewpoints corresponding to very different situations in territorial marketing : the market for location sites and the market for territories. The distinction ...

  12. A conceptual device for spreading (good) territorial governance in Europe

    Cotella, Giancarlo; Janin Rivolin Yoccoz, Umberto

    2014-01-01

    Is it possible to spread good territorial governance in Europe and, if so, in which ways can such aim be achieved? This paper presents a conceptual device, developed within the ESPON project TANGO (Territorial Approaches for New Governance), usable to manage the spread of examples or "features" of good territorial governance in Europe. It is worth clarifying that this paper does not face the issues of defining what is "good" in territorial governance, nor of what can or should be transferred ...

  13. Heritage mediation, a component of territories sustainable development

    Lacour, Sophie

    2009-01-01

    International audience We hope this publication will highlight the contribution of heritage mediation in a policy of territories sustainable development, becoming at once an element of identity, social cohesion, attractiveness, influence, territorial communication and economic development. This thinking is part of a territorial intelligence approach that seeks, as advocated by JJ Girardot, "to improve understanding of the structure and dynamics of territories". (Girardot, 2002) To support ...

  14. Unequal Development and Territorial Competitiveness of Network Economy

    郭健全; 汤兵勇

    2004-01-01

    The territorial consideration is enclosed in the development of network economy and e-Business, and there is no departure of the cultivation of e-Business from the establishment of territorial competitiveness. The traditional theory of the territorial competitiveness has come across a serious impact from the Internet. So the development of Internet infrastructures and institutional environment would be something new to the theory of territorial competitiveness in the Internet era.

  15. The Elderly: A New Social Actor ahead of the finitude/death

    Rita de Cássia da Silva Oliveira

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Longevity is one of humanity’s greatest conquests, however the aging process and old age itself are still filed with stereotypes and negative stigmas. Despite all of the prejudice suffered by the elderly in the Brazilian culture, this age group has been gaining more visibility as far as public policies are concerned, and have also been understood in a distinctive manner by the research field. In spite of the demographic growth and aging, Brazil did not satisfactorily equate the issues regarding the demands of this age segment.  Today, the elderly Brazilian population represents 22 million people, or 12% of the total population. According to projections of the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística, in 2025 Brazil will have an elderly population of 34 million: how will these elderlies? The goal of the article is after to identify the stereotypes that impregnated the old aged, reflect about the elderly in your new paper as a social actor while identifying the social movements focused for this segment. A bibliography research was performed. The conclusion was because of a hostile scenario imposed by a contemporary society to the elderly, the need for public policies recognize and guaranteeing basic rights for them is imperative. Despite the prejudices, the elderly mobilizations enable them to overcome situations of vulnerability, which they are exposed especially when in the proximity of your finitude. To the consolidation of a social actor, we need educational actions directed to that segment, bringing knowledge and information for all elderly. Education throughout life has a relevant role, in order to equip and empower the elderly. Hence, it will be possible to think, in actuality, of an elderly that is more active, participative and integrated to society, it is positioned to searching for their rights and engaging in social movements, ultimately escaping the stereotype still widespread in society that nothing else in life would

  16. 12 CFR 616.6200 - Out-of-territory leasing.

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Out-of-territory leasing. 616.6200 Section 616.6200 Banks and Banking FARM CREDIT ADMINISTRATION FARM CREDIT SYSTEM LEASING § 616.6200 Out-of-territory leasing. A System institution may make leases outside its chartered territory....

  17. Feasibility study for the creation of a methanation unit in the Bretagne Romantique territory

    The community of communes Bretagne Romantique has decided to hire a reflection for the creation of a methanization unit on its territory by valuing the surplus of biomass and thus contributing to the overall project of reducing the fossil: energy consumption. A field study was conducted by contacting, either directly or using a questionnaire, the leading actors of biomass production, such as farmers and municipalities of the territory but also neighboring towns. In order to upgrade the products derived from methanization (heat biogas, digestate), a study was conducted in parallel with industries and several municipalities. The results of the study supported the idea that a project of scale was feasible on the sector, as the increase of obligation of purchase in May 2011 and the Energy Performance Plan allow us to consider either the development of a project involving around ten houses in these Structural Surplus Zones, or the implantation of a higher-power digester. Location is still to be defined depending on the area of input production and heat recovery. (author)

  18. Internacionalización, desarrollo y gestión pública territorial. Experiencias en Colombia

    William Guillermo Jiménez

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Las dinámicas actuales generadas por la globalización insertan cada vez más nuevos actores en el concierto internacional, en especial a los gobiernos subnacionales o territoriales. Tal fenómeno ofrece nuevos desafíos, amenazas y oportunidades para que dichos gobiernos incorporen modalidades de internacionalización tales como la participación en redes, la cooperación descentralizada y el marketing territorial, entre otras. El objetivo del artículo es caracterizar los procesos de internacionalización que están desarrollando algunos gobiernos territoriales, con el ánimo de obtener conocimiento potencialmente aplicable a otros contextos. Se utiliza un enfoque metodológico predominantemente cualitativo para analizar tres experiencias de internacionalización territorial, recurriendo a fuentes de información tanto primarias como secundarias; se usan las técnicas de la entrevista, la observación directa y la revisión documental. De este modo, se concluye que a la internacionalización territorial es un proceso reciente, en el que sigue jugado un papel importante el nivel nacional; b dichos procesos han sido acogidos con mayor facilidad en ciudades capitales o en departamentos con mayor capacidad institucional, pero en general se constata un incipiente desarrollo en el conjunto del país; c la modalidad más desarrollada es la cooperación internacional, seguida del marketing territorial, y la menos usada es la inserción en redes; d algunas modalidades requieren mayores niveles de complejidad y desarrollo territorial que otras, y e existen algunos obstáculos, así como ciertas enseñanzas que se podrían tener en cuenta para la gestión pública de futuros procesos de internacionalización.

  19. Lógicas territoriales y relaciones de poder en el espacio de los actores armados: un aporte desde la geografía política al estudio de la violencia y el conflicto armado en Colombia, 1990-2012

    Luis Gabriel Salas Salazar

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the territorial logics and power relations of the actors of the Colombian armed conflict between 1990 and 2012, from the perspective of political geography. These factors are made evident in armed, military actions, coercion and violence against civilians, and efforts to seize control of local power. On the basis of the analysis of the spatial densities of the events of the armed conflict, the study shows that the differential spatial impact of the armed conflict and the violence registered in Colombia can be explained by the geostrategic importance of the territories for the actors involved: presence of illicit crops, natural resources, and illegal economies, or their location in areas that facilitate communication both within the country and abroad.

  20. Opening up the solar box: Cultural resource management and actor network theory in solar energy projects in the Mojave Desert

    Gorrie, Bryan F.

    This project considers the ways that Actor-Network Theory (ANT) can be brought to bear upon Cultural Resource Management (CRM) practices on renewable energy projects. ANT is a way of making inquiry into scientific knowledge practices and as CRM is intended to preserve environmental, historic, and prehistoric resources, it necessarily involves certain kinds of knowledge generation about regions in which projects are being developed. Because the practice of CRM is complex, involving a range of actors from developers to biologists, native peoples to academics, private landholders to environmental and cultural activists, it is imperative to account for the interests of all stakeholders and to resist devolving into the polemical relations of winners and losers, good and bad participants, or simple situations of right and wrong. This project intends to account for the "matters of concern" of various actors, both primary and secondary, by examining the case study of a single solar installation project in the Mojave Desert. A theoretical description of ANT is provided at the beginning and the concerns of this theory are brought to bear upon the case study project through describing the project, discussing the laws governing CRM on federal lands and in the state of California, and providing the points of view of various interviewees who worked directly or indirectly on various aspects of CRM for the solar project. The creators of ANT claim that it is not a methodology but it does speak to ethnomethodologies in that it insists that there is always something more to learn from inquiring into and describing any given situation. These descriptions avoid generalizations, providing instead various points of entry, from diverse perspectives to the project. There is an invitation to avoid assuming that one knows all there is to know about a given situation and to choose instead to continue investigating and thus give voice to the more obscure, often marginalized, voices in the

  1. Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla Territory Placement Near Seismic Lines is Influenced by Forest Regeneration and Conspecific Density

    Hedwig E. Lankau

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The boreal forest of western Canada is being dissected by seismic lines used for oil and gas exploration. The vast amount of edge being created is leading to concerns that core habitat will be reduced for forest interior species for extended periods of time. The Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla is a boreal songbird known to be sensitive to newly created seismic lines because it does not include newly cut lines within its territory. We examined multiple hypotheses to explain potential mechanisms causing this behavior by mapping Ovenbird territories near lines with varying states of vegetation regeneration. The best model to explain line exclusion behavior included the number of neighboring conspecifics, the amount of bare ground, leaf-litter depth, and canopy closure. Ovenbirds exclude recently cut seismic lines from their territories because of lack of protective cover (lower tree and shrub cover and because of reduced food resources due to large areas of bare ground. Food reduction and perceived predation risk effects seem to be mitigated once leaf litter (depth and extent of cover and woody vegetation cover are restored to forest interior levels. However, as conspecific density increases, lines are more likely to be used as landmarks to demarcate territorial boundaries, even when woody vegetation cover and leaf litter are restored. This behavior can reduce territory density near seismic lines by changing the spatial distribution of territories. Landmark effects are longer lasting than the effects from reduced food or perceived predation risk because canopy height and tree density take >40 years to recover to forest interior levels. Mitigation of seismic line impacts on Ovenbirds should focus on restoring forest cover as quickly as possible after line cutting.

  2. Considerations on geomorphological maps for territorial planning in the Modena Apennines (Northern Italy)

    D. Castaldini; A. Ghinoi; Maccaferri, A.

    2012-01-01

    This contribution shows, through some examples, that the current instability processes sometimes do not completely correspond (concerning presence, location, state of activity and/or extent) with those mapped by PTCP Hydrogeological Hazard Maps, which is the document used by the Province Administration for its territorial planning.

    The differences highlighted are due to different causes. One of them is the fact that the PTCP Hydrogeological Hazard Maps are practically der...

  3. The Potential of Concentrated Solar Power for Remote Mine Sites in the Northern Territory, Australia

    Baig, M. H.; Surovtseva, D.; Halawa, E.

    2015-01-01

    The Northern Territory (NT) is among the regions in Australia and the world with the highest solar radiation intensities. The NT has many mine sites which consume significant amount of fossil fuel with consequent greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The environmental concern related to the fossil fuel consumption and availability of immense solar energy resource in the NT open the possibilities for considering the provision of power to the mining sites using proven solar technologies. Concentratin...

  4. Settlement, territory and notarial formulas: a verification (Verona, IX-XII century)

    Andrea Brugnoli

    2011-01-01

    The organization of rural areas in early Middle Ages and its observability through techniques of location taken by notaries is a classic italian subject in the historiography in the second half of the 20th century. The documentation produced in Verona lend to a verify of the ipothesis and to the formulation of guidelines for the interpretation of this formulas as concerning settlement and village territory. The number of documents produced and preserved in Verona between 9th and 12th century,...

  5. The Study of Perception and Project of the Territory Using Brain Storming

    Scarlatti, Francesco; Rabino, Giovanni

    2003-01-01

    Brainstorming (based on conceptual mapping tools) is a method for identifying ideas, oriented to workgroups. In brief, it is the conceptual analysis of the discussion inside the group. In this way it is possible to enhance creative energies and develop new ideas. We propose two applications in the field of urban planning. The first is the development of a conceptual model of a given territory. By analysing the discussion among people involved in the elaboration of a report concerning social, ...

  6. Theoretical Problems of Rural Territories Exploration as an Integral Socio-ecological-economic Systems

    Mariya Ilyina

    2014-01-01

    Long-term existence of a number of social, economic, and environmental problems of rural territories in Ukraine stipulates the necessity of researches on features of their functioning and development as well as on searching of innovative businesses patterns in rural areas, on enhancement of social capital and improvement of the environment. Researches on how certain economic industries work in rural sites are of high importance, and first of all those concerning tourism and recreation being g...

  7. Falcon Nest Occupancy and Hatch Success Near Two Diamond Mines in the Southern Arctic, Northwest Territories

    Daniel W. Coulton; John A. Virgl; Colleen English

    2013-01-01

    Sensitivity to anthropogenic disturbance in conjunction with slow population recovery has raised conservation concerns over impacts to raptor species from industrial development in pristine areas of their North American breeding range. We evaluated whether the presence of two diamond mines resulted in negative effects to nest use and hatch success of breeding falcons in the southern Arctic barren-grounds of the Northwest Territories. A total of 20 nest sites of Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregr...

  8. Danube region strategy: Arguments for a territorial capital based multilevel approach

    Giffinger Rudolf; Suitner Johannes

    2010-01-01

    During the last months the discussion on a strategy for the Danube Region as a new approach for a European macro-region has been intensified, predominantly within the area of Central and South-Eastern Europe. Evidently the territory of the Danube Region is characterized by a divergent group of countries concerning the process of integration and the preconditions in geographic, economic, cultural and socio-demographic terms. Besides, the region’s spatial development shows divergent trend...

  9. Diagnóstico Territorial Integral del municipio de Ciudad Darío

    Laurent Dietsch

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available EN ESTE ARTÍCULO SE PRESENTA EL “DIAGNÓSTICO TERRITORIAL INTEGRAL de Ciudad Darío” realizado como trabajo de fin de curso de la Maestría en Desarrollo Rural de la Universidad Centroamericana. Este estudio ha buscado contribuir a la formulación de propuestas de intervención de los actores sociales del municipio de Ciudad Darío sobre los procesos estratégicos de desarrollo del territorio. Se realizó unazonificación integral del municipio, identificándose cuatro zonas: una zona alta, campesina de agricultura de subsistencia; una zona de laderas secas; una planicie seca de latifundio ganadero; y finalmente, una zona de llanos y vegas fértiles de riego semi-intensivo. Posteriormente, se identificaron y clasificaron por capital (ambiental, económico, social-humano y político-institucional y nivel territorial, los principales procesos de cambio que afectan o podrían afectar al municipio. Su análisis permitió caracterizar las principales oportunidades y amenazas para el desarrollo del territorio y, al relacionarlo con las fortalezas y debilidades identificadas en la zonificación, evidenciar los principales factores que podrían incidir en el municipio y sus principales retos. Para enfrentar estos retos, se identificaron tres ejes estratégicos: la reducción de los niveles de inseguridad alimentaria y vulnerabilidad ambiental del municipio; el fomento integral de las cadenas de producción de hortalizas; y la prevención de riesgos sociales. Para cada uno de estos ejes se ha definido un conjunto de acciones ordenadas por capital y nivel territorial, orientadas a incidir sobre los principales procesos de cambio identificados. Finalmente, se definieron ejes estratégicos transversales enfocados al desarrollo de capacidades de incidir sobre los procesos claves de desarrollo del municipio.

  10. Real estate space-territorial development

    Sarchenko Vladimir Ivanovich

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Urbanization is one of the main sustainable tendencies of modern development. The contemporary state of real estate structure is characterized by high level of heterogeneity. In general, the consolidated design document of Moscow urban development, reconstruction and other forms of developing city territories doesn’t take into account the main tendencies of social and economic development, change of scales and structure of city production capacities, priorities of national economy development, or demand particularities, traditional and perspective preferences of citizens of different categories. The article focuses on systematization of basics of real estate space-territorial development strategic analysis. The author analyses the essence of analytical methods, their purpose, levels and analysis projections. The article emphasizes the estimation of economic effectiveness and revelation of urban environment development reserves.

  11. Scenarios for active learning in smart territories

    Fabrizia Moggio

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This work is intended to foster a “quantum leap” in the reflection on learning in smart cities/territories. We try to move from a vision according to which education is identified with “infrastructures and services” needed to sustain the smart city “organism” (due also to the social capital that it may produce toward a “new” vision that recovers the founding role of the educative processes, through which the relationships between persons and inhabited territories are continuously reshaped. According to that we present: a a strategic and methodological approach focused on museal field and narrative as key elements of future "learning from smart cities"; b a model of an advanced integrated technological environment (mobile, web, internet of things designed to support such an approach. The need for a different approach to the monitoring of complex learning experiences is also underlined.

  12. Morphological patterns of urban sprawl territories

    Angelica I. Stan

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In the context of global criticism on urban sprawl, the questions which arises are: what can we do with the expansion forms already occurred in most part of our cities; can they be fully or partially integrated into the city? But first, which exactly are the common morphological features of urban expansion areas in large European cities, and (by comparison in Romania? The urban form correlated to these „sparwl patterns” and „sprawl mechanisms” shows more then the lack of planning, but a social input in occuping the territory, related with a specific meaning of the landscape. The paper explores the relationship between the five distinct morphological patterns ways of forming in relation to spatial and landscape shapes which they generate, in the territories of sprawl, all illustrated through case studies of Bucharest.

  13. Food Concerns. Research Notes.

    Jordan, Debra J.

    1998-01-01

    Adolescent vegetarianism is most frequent among females, and involves meat avoidance, concern for the environment and animal welfare, gender equality, weight loss behaviors, and a concern with body appearance. It can be a precursor to eating disorders. Training and ongoing follow-up are necessary to instill proper food handling procedures in…

  14. Ecomuseum: telling Earth Sciences through the territory

    La Longa, Federica; Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione AC, Roma, Italia; Lanza, Tiziana; Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione AC, Roma, Italia; Crescimbene, Massimo; Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione AC, Roma, Italia

    2013-01-01

    The ecomuseum is a revolutionary concept compared to traditional museum because it adds to the traditional museum the social dimension. The environment is described through history, culture, landscapes, activities, society putting in relation to aspects of life, material and spiritual, and tying them to the places, territories and the culture that created them. The experience described refers to the realization of the pilot project "Towards an Eco Museum of the Castelli Romani". The projec...

  15. The territorial economic impact of entrepreneurial youthfulness

    Lafuente González, Esteban Miguel; Gómez Araujo, Eduardo

    2016-01-01

    Entrepreneurship and youth population interact to enhance economic performance, and actions oriented to bring down social barriers linked to the fear to entrepreneurial failure are as important as policies focused on access to finance or human capital formation. Entrepreneurship generates opportunities for professional development, social and economic integration, the maintenance of the rural population and the attraction of new residents to these territories. Young entrepreneurs face more th...

  16. Analysis of territorial and industrial development

    Zhul'kova Yuliya Nikolaevna

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available At present a territory is considered as the basis for effective socio-economical development of the region. However, special attention should be paid to the presence of available resources on the territory under consideration, as well as the conditions of their future development. The availability and/or the possibility of creating/upgrading the existing resources encourage today the accumulated potential of the territory. Potential of the area is a set of capabilities and different levels of impact on the total potential of the area and includes such resources as natural, human, investment, innovation, employment, scientific and technological, demographic, urban development, tourism, tax, financial, recreational, marketing, cluster and infrastructure, as well as other kinds of potentials. The prospects for the development of enterprises or their complexes determine the capacities of the territory, the basis of their operation being the location. In this connection it is necessary to consider the basic types of potential undertakings, which the article refer to: marketing, investment, innovation, employment, tax, industrial, economic, resources. For more exact information and accurate prediction each primary resource must include a group of elements. The number of analyzed resources, as well as their elements, is not limited. However an obligatory demand for including the resources or their elements in the list is their exceptional importance for the development of the subject. For efficient operation of enterprises or their complexes in a certain area it is necessary to identify the sources of coordinated development of land and property of the complex, the purpose of which is to obtain maximum benefit from the combination of "territory↔enterprise (s". For this aim we suggest assessing the possibility of long-term development according to the following scenario: establishment of a list of core resources, having impact on businesses

  17. Space partitioning without territoriality in gannets

    Wakefield, Ewan D.; Bodey, Thomas W.; Bearhop, Stuart; Blackburn, Jez; Colhoun, Kendrew; Davies, Rachel; Dwyer, Ross G.; Green, Jonathan A; Gremillet, David; Jackson, Andrew L.; Jessopp, Mark J; Kane, Adam; Langston, Rowena H.W.; Lescroel, Amélie; Murray, Stuart

    2013-01-01

    Colonial breeding is widespread among animals. Some, such as eusocial insects, may use agonistic behavior to partition available foraging habitat into mutually exclusive territories; others, such as breeding seabirds, do not. We found that northern gannets, satellite-tracked from twelve neighboring colonies, nonetheless forage in largely mutually exclusive areas and that these colony-specific home ranges are determined by density-dependent competition. This segregation may be enhanced by indi...

  18. Organizational and territorial cultures in Chilean journalism

    Claudia Mellado; Claudia Lagos

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of survey responses of 570 journalists from 114 newspapers, radio, newswires, television, and internet news organizations, this paper describes the role conceptions, epistemological underpinning, and ethical values of the Chilean news media workers, comparing the differences that exist among media types and between the capital and the rest of the country. The findings show territorial cultures of journalism, with differences between the capital and provincial regions, mostly clas...

  19. Sporotrichosis from the Northern Territory of Australia

    Subedi, Shradha; Kidd, Sarah E.; Baird, Robert W.; Coatsworth, Nicholas; Ralph, Anna P

    2014-01-01

    We report three cases of lymphocutaneous infection caused by the thermally dimorphic fungus, Sporothrix schenckii from Australia's tropical Northern Territory. Two cases were acquired locally, making them the first to be reported from this region. All three cases presented with ulceration in the limb; however, the classical sporotrichoid spread was present only in the first two cases. Their occurrence within several weeks of each other was suggestive of a common source of environmental contam...

  20. Territorial Pact in context of Europe 2020

    Antonescu, Daniela

    2014-01-01

    According to general acceptation, territorial pact is a contract between a different country's level of government (local, regional, national), a formalized local partnership on different market. This contract represents the relationship between governance and widespread participation of different social group, for different objectives (economic, social, and cultural). In the context of an enlarged European Union and Strategy 2020, cultural/natural heritage plays an important and clear rol...

  1. Territorial Development and Governance: Third Sector Organizations.

    Mangone, Emiliana

    2007-01-01

    International audience The object of this paper is to go deeper into some aspects related to the relationships between the Third Sector and the Public sector, to underline the open problems related to the implementation of the Governance process and the effective participation of Third Sector organizations in this process, in planning and implementing actions for a territorial sustainable development. The problem about the Third Sector's development as a form of social capital of a specifi...

  2. Territorial approaches for new governance - ESPON TANGO

    Janin Rivolin Yoccoz, Umberto; Caruso, Nadia; Cotella, Giancarlo

    2014-01-01

    Il progetto di ricerca ESPON TANGO (Territorial Approaches for New Governance) è stato bandito nel dicembre 2010 e sviluppato da un consorzio internazionale guidato da Nordregio (Stoccolma) da giugno 2011 a maggio 2014, e il Politecnico di Torino ha partecipato a tale progetto. Il progetto TANGO parte dal presupposto che la governance territoriale sia un aspetto decisivo per il conseguimento della coesione territoriale e rispetto agli obiettivi della strategia ‘Europa 2020'. Le principali fin...

  3. From Territorial Defence to Expeditionary Forces

    Nyemann, Dorthe; Staun, Jørgen Meedom

    2016-01-01

    After the Cold War the Danish Armed Forces moved away from its traditional role of territorial defense of Danish soil and towards a role as a globally deployable expeditionary force, imbedded with UK and/or US forces. This shift in national strategy amplified the requirements of the young officers......’ ability to think and act strategically in international missions. This article discusses to what extent this has been reflected in the education of the young officers....

  4. Territorial Transformation in El Pangui, Ecuador

    Warnaars, Ximena

    2013-01-01

    This research is about territory, mining conflicts and social movements in South East Ecuador. The Andean country with no large scale mining history is experiencing a recent expansion of large scale mining with growing levels of social conflict. Social movements have been questioning and contesting the forms being taken by the extractive economy as well as proposing an alternative pathway to development through the indigenous concept of sumak kawsay. The Socialist Government is pushing the na...

  5. Sustainability of Territorial Projects. A Proposal.

    Minguez Moreno, Olga; Asensio Coto, María José

    2008-01-01

    This paper review efforts devoted to sustainability over the last years from different points of view. First of all, a conceptualisation and modelling of the concept is presented from a "macro" perspective. Next, some ideas of how sustainability could be implemented in a territory are given. This could be considered the "meso" vision. Finally, the "micro" perspective from the project level is tackled. In this sense, we propose a check list to select projects contributing to sustainability. Th...

  6. Ship Finds and Their Management as Actor Network

    Tuddenham, David Berg

    2012-12-01

    Ship finds in Norwegian waters that are more than 100 years old came under the jurisdiction of the Cultural Heritage Management (CHM) in 1963, when section 12a of the Norwegian Cultural Heritage Act was implemented. As a consequence, a functional division between land and sea was created where management objects receive different values depending on whether or not they belong to a ship. The objective of this paper is to review Norwegian CHM underwater policy, and discuss the creation of a new management object and its borders with the introduction of a section on ship finds specifically focusing on Actor Network Theory. It is argued that the understanding of the ship find and its belongings can not be understood as something based on inherent qualities to the management object. Instead this paper proposes to comprehend the ship find as a phenomenon held together within a heterogeneous network.

  7. Temporal Logic Motion Control using Actor-Critic Methods

    Ding, Xu Chu; Lahijanian, Morteza; Paschalidis, Ioannis Ch; Belta, Calin A

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, we consider the problem of deploying a robot from a specification given as a temporal logic statement about some properties satisfied by the regions of a large, partitioned environment. We assume that the robot has noisy sensors and actuators and model its motion through the regions of the environment as a Markov Decision Process (MDP). The robot control problem becomes finding the control policy maximizing the probability of satisfying the temporal logic task on the MDP. For a large environment, obtaining transition probabilities for each state-action pair, as well as solving the necessary optimization problem for the optimal policy are usually not computationally feasible. To address these issues, we propose an approximate dynamic programming framework based on a least-square temporal difference learning method of the actor-critic type. This framework operates on sample paths of the robot and optimizes a randomized control policy with respect to a small set of parameters. The transition proba...

  8. Scenarios for a urban energy transition. Actors, regulations, technologies

    Cities concentrate populations, consumptions, levers of actions, and are places of various experiments for energy transition. This book aims at giving an overview of possible scenarios of development of renewable energies in urban context. It is based on interviews of actors of the energy, building and urban planning sectors by researchers in town planning, management, technology, political and economic sciences. The authors examine what would occur if large companies would manage entire quarters, if local authorities would supervise production and supply, if the State would take control of all fields of action again, or if consumer cooperatives would exchange energy and pool productions. In its different chapters, the book presents four scenarios of energy coordination in urban context by 2040, discuss energy transition in urban spaces, discuss the perspectives of evolution towards more autonomous cities and quarters from an energetic point of view, and discuss business models and urban energetic innovations

  9. The actors of the photovoltaic sector in France

    The author reviews the 192 actors in the French photovoltaic sector, they are classified into 9 categories: 1) the solar plant owner, 2) the developer: he sets projects and his role stops when the project is ready to be sold to an investor, 3) the design office: it leads technical studies and manages the construction works), 4) the installer: he fits the solar panels, 5) the operator of the solar plant, 6) the wholesaler of equipment, 7) the manufacturer of solar panels and photovoltaic systems, 8) the provider or manufacturer of components and materials for the photovoltaic industry, and 9) the provider of specialized services such as insurance, staff training, the follow-up of legal issues... For each company, a brief historical account, the range of activities, the strength of manpower and the turnover are reported. (A.C.)

  10. MULTIMODAL REPRESENTATION OF SOCIAL ACTORS IN THE DISCOURSE OF BRANDS

    Neiva Maria Machado SOARES

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This article, contemplating a theoretical dialogue between SystemicFunctional Theory (SFL (Halliday, 1994, 2004, Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA (Fairclough, 1992, 2006, 2012 and Multimodality (Kress, van Leeuwen, 2006 van Leeuwen, 2008, Brands (Gobe, 2010, ALLEN; SIMMONS, 2005 and Sustainability (DIAS, 2009, 2011, aims to investigate the relationships established between visual and discursive event participants a hybrid text speech (advertising and information. Theories have specific and complementary methodologies adopted to delineate the pathways analysis with qualitative approach. Research shows that social actors, visually represented in the texts in advertising or informational texts, are mitigated by the power of institutions, revealing not only as artifice communicative, but also ideological to meet sustainable prerogatives.

  11. The Interactive Constitution of Actors in Industrial Networks: The Case of the Norwegian City of Alesund

    Frans Prenkert

    2013-01-01

    The actor-dimension of the Activitiy-Resource-Actor (ARA)-model has not gained the same attention among Industrial Marketing and Purchasing (IMP) scholars as the resource and activity dimensions. However, the issue of what an actor actually is, in the sense of its interactive constitution, is important from an industrial marketing and purchasing perspective that emphasizes the interactive character of the business landscape. This is adressed in this paper. As a concequence of their interactiv...

  12. Framing by Actors in the Human Rights Debate: the Kony 2012 Campaign

    Meriläinen, Niina; Vos, Marita

    2014-01-01

    Human rights actors form networks and debate in issue arenas to find solutions to violations. Framing can be used to create and increase issue salience as well as organisational importance, thus influencing power relations and the human rights debate. Not all the actors are equally powerful, meaning that the more dominant actors function as gatekeepers, controlling the debate and the subsequent decision-making process. The campaign Kony 2012 by Invisible Children (IC) is u...

  13. Partnerships as panacea for addressing global problems? On rationale, context, actors, impact and limitations

    Kolk, A.

    2014-01-01

    This chapter examines partnerships and their peculiarities, based on recent research from various disciplines, in the context of the large problems faced by (global) society. These problems are very complex, often cross national boundaries, and cannot easily be 'solved' by one single actor. Previous 'unilateral' attempts to address them have not been particularly successful, and there are limits to what a single actor can do. Cooperation also enables different actors to leverage their resourc...

  14. Suitability of territory for waste deposition; 1 : 1 000 000

    On this map the suitability of territory for waste deposition on the territory of the Slovak Republic is shown. The map is based on the maps of suitability of waste disposal at scale 1 : 50 000 compiled at the Statny geologicky ustav D. Stura (State Geological Institute of D. Stur). The map divides the territory to suitable, conditionally suitable, and unsuitable. The following factors were assessed: protected water-economic territories, sources of underground waters, protected natural territories, protected forests, mineral deposits, structural arrangement of rock environment with regard to the degree of threat to underground water, geodynamic phenomena, and hydrogeological characteristics. (authors)

  15. Hydrocarbons in Argentina: networks, territories, integration

    Argentinean hydrocarbons networks have lived a huge reorganizing the structure, after the State reform in the 90's. Activities deregulation and the privatization of YPF and Gas del Estado forced the sector re-concentration, since then dominated by foreign companies, leaded by Repsol YPF. The hydrocarbons federalization contributed to the weakening and un-capitalization loss of wealth of the State. These changes resulted in an increase of the hydrocarbons production allowing to achieve the self-supply. Nevertheless, the expansion of internal networks has not been large enough to ensure the coverage of new requirements. Besides, several infrastructures have been built up to join external markets. National networks are connected to those of near neighboring countries. This integration is an opportunity for the 'South Cone' countries to enhance their potentials. In the country, hydrocarbons territories undergo the reorganizing the structure effects (unemployment, loss of territorial identity, etc). With many difficulties and very different possibilities, those territories, like Comodoro Rivadavia, Ensenada et and Bahia Blanca, look for their re-invention. (author)

  16. Interesting Basis of Vertebrobasilar Arterial Territory

    Kavian Ghandehari

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Vertebrobasilar arterial territory nourishes one-quarter of human brain. It constitutes some vital and strategic parts of the central nervous system.Methods: A number of keywords (vertebral, basilar, artery, and territory were searched in MEDLINE (Ovid and PubMed as well as Google, ProQuest, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and Science Direct online electronic search engines. Only articles containing all keywords were included. The final search was performed on October, 1, 2012. We also reviewed archives of libraries in Mashhad University of Medical Sciences (Iran for all anatomy, embryology, neurology, and neuroscience books and journals about vertebrobasilar arterial territories.Results: The vertebrobasilar arterial (VA system has a high incidence of variations, anomalies, and persistent fetal vessels. Two important anatomic facts explain why VA origin lesions seldom cause chronic hemodynamically significant low flow to the vertebrobasilar system. First, the VAs are paired vessels that unite to form a single basilar artery. Second, the extracranial VA gives off numerous muscular and other branches as it ascends in the neck. Thus, in the VA system, there is much more potential for development of adequate collateral circulation. Even when there is bilateral occlusion of the VAs at their origins, patients do not often develop posterior circulation infarcts.Conclusion: VA origin disease is more benign than ICA origin disease from hemodynamic aspect. This important point could make influence in therapeutic interventional decisions in asymptomatic VA origin stenosis

  17. La disciplina entre las disposiciones legales y los actores escolares

    Nancy Palacios Mena

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta una descripción del funcionamiento de la disciplina escolar en una institución educativa de secundaria en Colombia. Tiene como objetivo explicar el origen del conflicto disciplinario, las situaciones que lo generan, la forma como la institución trata de lograr y mantener la disciplina, las explicaciones que cada uno de los actores da a las situaciones conflictivas y la manera como son vividas por ellos. El diseño metodológico de la investigación combinó una encuesta, entrevistas y el análisis de documentos de la institución educativa. El análisis de los datos se hace a la luz de planteamientos sociológicos que reconocen la enorme importancia que ejercen las estructuras sociales sobre la forma de pensar y actuar de los individuos, pero también resaltan la gran capacidad de los actores sociales para amoldarse a dichas estructuras y a través de sus ideas y acciones darle una dinámica propia al tipo de relaciones que establecen entre individuos en sus entornos de vida más inmediatos. Se pudo concluir que sobre la disciplina escolar no hay unidad de criterio entre los docentes, los directivos y los estudiantes, ni en su definición, ni en su importancia, ni en los medios para conseguirla; dichas diferencias producen tensiones y desacuerdos entre los miembros de la comunidad educativa.

  18. Role of Actors and Gender Factor in Disaster Management

    Gundogdu, Oguz; Isik, Ozden; Ozcep, Ferhat; Goksu, Goksel

    2014-05-01

    In Turkey, the discussions in the modern sense about disaster management begun after the 1992 Erzincan and the 1995 Dinar earthquakes, faulting in terms of features and effects. These earthquakes are "Urban Earthquakes'' with effects and faulting charectristics, and have led to radical changes in terms of disaster and disaster management. Disaster Management, to become a science in the world, but with the 1999 Izmit and Duzce earthquakes in Turkey has begun to take seriously on the agenda. Firstly, such as Civil Defense and Red Crescent organizations, by transforming its own, have entered into a new organizing effort. By these earthquakes, NGO's have contributed the search-rescue efforts in the field and to the process of normalization of life. Because "the authority and responsibilities" of NGO's could not be determined, and could not be in planning and scenario studies, we faced the problems. Thus, to the citizens of our country-specific "voluntary" has not benefited enough from the property. The most important development in disaster management in 2009, the Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency (AFAD) has been the establishment. However, in terms of coordination and accreditation to the target point has been reached yet. Another important issue in disaster management (need to be addressed along with disaster actors) is the role of women in disasters. After the Golcuk Earthquake, successful field works of women and women's victimization has attracted attention in two different directions. Gender-sensitive policies should be noted by the all disaster actors due to the importance of the mitigation, and these policies should take place in laws, regulations and planning.

  19. Operationalizing social safeguards in REDD+: actors, interests and ideas

    “REDD+” is a mechanism created under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) for Reducing {carbon} Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation and forest enhancement. In addition, REDD+ “safeguards” are intended to protect non-carbon forest values. While REDD+ countries are formally requested to provide information on safeguards, there is as yet no agreement on the relative priority of carbon versus non-carbon values, and the appropriate level of safeguard standardization. This, we argue, has allowed REDD+ to function as a “boundary object” spanning disparate priorities. Meanwhile, the contestation of these priorities has been displaced from intergovernmental processes to the various organizations involved in operationalizing REDD+ activities. This article applies a set of organizational, substantive and conceptual typologies to compare differences in the balance of actors, interests and ideas across these organizations. It finds that multi-lateral funding programs have drawn heavily on existing safeguards for international aid, while private certification schemes have specialized in different niche priorities at the project level. In regards to the substance of safeguard requirements, the involvement of donors and investors appears correlated with a stronger emphasis on carbon and risk mitigation while greater NGO involvement and the decoupling of safeguards design from REDD+ funding appear correlated with greater emphasis on social rights and benefits. These findings have several critical implications for future REDD+ activities. Firstly, the choice of organizations involved in defining, funding and verifying safeguard activities, and the balance of actors in their governing structures, are likely to influence the relative emphasis on non-carbon values. Secondly, a diversity of approaches to disbursing REDD+ incentives may be necessary to maintain widespread support for REDD+. Thirdly, it remains to be seen whether REDD

  20. Clarifying the role of actor network theory (ANT) for the accounting of information system in Iran

    DEHKORDI, Bahareh Banitalebi; ROODPOSHTI, Fraydoon Rahnamay; NIKOMARAM, Hashem; TALEBNIA, Ghodratollah

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. In this research is paid to clarify the role of actor network theory (ANT) for the accounting of information system in Iran with the aim of the determining of the human and non-human actors effective on the accounting information systems, the analysis of relationships between the human and non-human actors on the net and to determine the effective factors on the accounting information systems in terms of types of actors for the first time in Iran. In this research which is done in t...

  1. Formal Specification and Validation of a Hybrid Connectivity Restoration Algorithm for Wireless Sensor and Actor Networks

    Nazir Ahmad Zafar

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Maintaining inter-actor connectivity is extremely crucial in mission-critical applications of Wireless Sensor and Actor Networks (WSANs, as actors have to quickly plan optimal coordinated responses to detected events. Failure of a critical actor partitions the inter-actor network into disjoint segments besides leaving a coverage hole, and thus hinders the network operation. This paper presents a Partitioning detection and Connectivity Restoration (PCR algorithm to tolerate critical actor failure. As part of pre-failure planning, PCR determines critical/non-critical actors based on localized information and designates each critical node with an appropriate backup (preferably non-critical. The pre-designated backup detects the failure of its primary actor and initiates a post-failure recovery process that may involve coordinated multi-actor relocation. To prove the correctness, we construct a formal specification of PCR using Z notation. We model WSAN topology as a dynamic graph and transform PCR to corresponding formal specification using Z notation. Formal specification is analyzed and validated using the Z Eves tool. Moreover, we simulate the specification to quantitatively analyze the efficiency of PCR. Simulation results confirm the effectiveness of PCR and the results shown that it outperforms contemporary schemes found in the literature.

  2. The role of multisensor data fusion in neuromuscular control of a sagittal arm with a pair of muscles using actor-critic reinforcement learning method.

    Golkhou, V; Parnianpour, M; Lucas, C

    2004-01-01

    In this study, we consider the role of multisensor data fusion in neuromuscular control using an actor-critic reinforcement learning method. The model we use is a single link system actuated by a pair of muscles that are excited with alpha and gamma signals. Various physiological sensor information such as proprioception, spindle sensors, and Golgi tendon organs have been integrated to achieve an oscillatory movement with variable amplitude and frequency, while achieving a stable movement with minimum metabolic cost and coactivation. The system is highly nonlinear in all its physical and physiological attributes. Transmission delays are included in the afferent and efferent neural paths to account for a more accurate representation of the reflex loops. This paper proposes a reinforcement learning method with an Actor-Critic architecture instead of middle and low level of central nervous system (CNS). The Actor in this structure is a two layer feedforward neural network and the Critic is a model of the cerebellum. The Critic is trained by the State-Action-Reward-State-Action (SARSA) method. The Critic will train the Actor by supervisory learning based on previous experiences. The reinforcement signal in SARSA is evaluated based on available alternatives concerning the concept of multisensor data fusion. The effectiveness and the biological plausibility of the present model are demonstrated by several simulations. The system showed excellent tracking capability when we integrated the available sensor information. Addition of a penalty for activation of muscles resulted in much lower muscle coactivation while keeping the movement stable. PMID:15671597

  3. The functions of public spaces at territorial structure and parceling project: the method of education experienced at PUC-Campinas

    Jonathas Magalhães Pereira da Silva

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Considering the contemporary practices of teaching in Project and in Urban and Regional Planning this text aims to share the teaching experience developed between 2009 and 2012 at FAU PUC-Campinas. The article presents the procedures and attitudinal postures adopted in the classroom detailing the development stages, the arguments and results. The text search, through the teaching experience systematization, the construction of an interdisciplinary dialogue which sets out clearly the progress when the open spaces system is considered in the territorial planning process. The proposed exercise aims to question the contemporary territorial processes occupation conditioned by a logic where the individual transport is dominant and the absence of a territorial structuring. The discipline is not to be limited to exploit for professional practice, but provoke a reflective practice based on the construction of arguments that reveal themselves in drawings considering the different scales, the interests of different actors, the contradictions and the history of the discipline. The landscape design is used here as an instrument of reflection that contests the reality and creates arguments for new urban spatial configurations.

  4. Agrarian Social Movements and the Making of Agrodiesel Moral Territories in Northeast Brazil

    Manzi, Maya

    In response to widespread concerns about the socio-ecological impacts of agrofuel production and development, particularly for food security, efforts have been made internationally to implement more sustainable forms of producing agrofuels. Brazil's National Program for the Production and Use of Agrodiesel (PNPB), launched in 2004, is one such attempt. Promoted as a socially and environmentally responsible program, the PNPB was made possible through unprecedented alliances between the 'postneoliberal' Brazilian state, the agribusiness sector, and social movements such as the Rural Trade Union's Movement (MSTTR) and the Landless Rural Workers' Movement (MST). In this research, I critically analyze the unexpected engagement of social movements in the making of agrodiesel territories in semi-arid Bahia, Northeastern Brazil by examining the territorial and moral processes and practices that underlie the production of castor bean (mamona) for agrodiesel. The methodology adopted comprised participant observation, informal and semi-structured interviews (n=74) with leaders and members of the MST and the MSTTR in the territories of the Chapada Diamantina and Irece, in central Bahia. Interviews were also conducted with representatives of family farming cooperatives, government institutions, and agrodiesel companies (Petrobras) in the two study areas and in Salvador, capital of Bahia. Research methods also included the collection and critical discourse analysis of archival and other secondary data sources from public and private institutions. Drawing mainly from cultural geography and political ecology literatures, I argue that social movement leaders enable the making of agrodiesel territories mainly through their role as 'agrodiesel gatekeepers'---as legal interveners, managers, and caregivers. Family farmers tend to enable agrodiesel territorial expansion and to disrupt agrodiesel territorial management by not complying with moral prescriptions of loyalty. I see farmers

  5. Positional Concerns and Institutions

    Landes, Xavier

    2013-01-01

    their implications for economics, positional concerns imply important normative dimensions. There have been presumed to be a symptom of envy, reduce people’s happiness, and create problems of social interaction or economic inefficiencies. Individuals are, for instance, prone to pick states of the world...... than others, namely that invoking envy or subjective well-being is not fully satisfying for regulating positional concerns. More compelling reasons seem, in complement with efficiency, to be related to considerations for equality. In other words, if institutions could have strong reasons to pay...... attention to and regulate positional concerns, it would be in virtue of their impact on the social product and individuals’ conditions of living....

  6. Danube region strategy: Arguments for a territorial capital based multilevel approach

    Giffinger Rudolf

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available During the last months the discussion on a strategy for the Danube Region as a new approach for a European macro-region has been intensified, predominantly within the area of Central and South-Eastern Europe. Evidently the territory of the Danube Region is characterized by a divergent group of countries concerning the process of integration and the preconditions in geographic, economic, cultural and socio-demographic terms. Besides, the region’s spatial development shows divergent trends causing increasing regional disparities. Therefore, territorial cohesion - understood as intensified functional interrelations and strategic cooperation - is jeopardized in manifold ways. Hence, the main objective of this paper is to discuss the basic features of a strategy aiming at strengthening the polycentric development on different spatial levels. We start by assuming that the development of every city (as an element of the urban system depends on its territorial capital and relevant assets providing location based advantages regarding its competitiveness on different spatial levels. Therefore we uncover what we understand as assets driving urban development. In this context the meaning of polycentric development and the importance of polycentric structures as an asset of a city’s territorial capital is being revealed. Based on these conceptual considerations we examine some relevant features of the urban polycentric system in the Danube region and finally argue that a multilevel and evidence based approach should be evolved facing the differences in the preconditions and already existing assets of spatial development.

  7. Gobernanza ambiental, actores sociales y conflictos en las Áreas Naturales Protegidas mexicanas Environmental Governance, Social Actors and Conflicts in Mexican Natural Protected Areas

    Ludger Brenner

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza los retos que enfrenta la gobernanza ambiental de la Reserva de la Biosfera Sian Ka'an, una de las Áreas Naturales Protegidas más importantes en México. El estudio identifica los actores sociales involucrados, sus intereses, estrategias, poder relativo y acciones. La información pone en claro que el mayor problema que enfrenta la gobernanza ambiental resulta de los intereses y acciones contradictorias que llevan a cabo los diferentes actores sociales.This article analizes the challenges faced by environmental governance of the Sian Ka'an Biosphere Reserve, one of the most important protected natural areas in Mexico. The study focuses on social actors involved, their interests, strategies, relative power and actions. The information obtained shows that the main problem faced by environmental governance actions comes from the various social actors.

  8. Shifts in Privacy Concerns

    Avi Goldfarb; Catherine Tucker

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores how digitization and the associated use of customer data have affected the evolution of consumer privacy concerns. We measure privacy concerns by reluctance to disclose income in an online marketing research survey. Using over three million responses over eight years, our data show: (1) Refusals to reveal information have risen over time, (2) Older people are less likely to reveal information, and (3) The difference between older and younger people has increased over time....

  9. In search of the territorial land resource in mountain areas

    Catherine Herrera

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Land and property issues constitute a crucial element in spatial planning and management. Spatial malfunctions (homogenisation of landscapes, urban sprawl, etc. and socio-economic problems (exclusion of the most fragile elements of the population, growth of second homes, etc. have led local authorities in charge of managing land and development to re-examine their relationship with space. The rhetoric of political actors responsible for addressing this question has thus become increasingly marked by a desire to intervene more strongly in land management issues. However, they have always come up against the problem of deciding how to deal with privately owned land, which constitutes a substantial part of the area under their control. The question of management at a level above that of the commune (supra-communal is thus envisaged in order to avoid a public/private dialectic by promoting the idea of a territorial land resource. The processes involved in this step could thus be seen as a means of clarifying the methods of land management at the scale of a supra-communal territory through better knowledge and application of regulations, the basis for any measure of collective action.La question foncière apparait comme un élément crucial dans la gestion des espaces. Les dysfonctionnements spatiaux (banalisation des paysages, étalement urbain,… et socio-économiques (exclusion des populations les plus fragiles, problème des résidences secondaires,… ont conduit les collectivités locales en charge des problèmes de gestion de l’espace à réinterroger leur rapport à l’espace. Le désir d’une intervention plus forte sur la ressource foncière se fait d’une façon plus prégnante dans les discours des acteurs politiques en charge de cette question. Mais ils se heurtent toujours aux moyens d’action à utiliser face à une propriété foncière privée occupant une place prépondérante sur leurs territoires. La question de la supra

  10. Past, Status Quo and Future of China's Territorial Planning

    Liu Xinwei; Wu Chuguo; Zhang Qiuming; Zhang Lijun

    2008-01-01

    Since 1949, China has witnessed four development stages of territorial planning. (1) In the 1950s the territorial planning got its start. (2) From the 1960s to 1970s territorial planning declined. (3) From, the 1980s to 1990s the first major tide of territorial planning began. (4) From the end of the 1990s to recent times the new round of territorial planning is under deliberation. Since 1998, the Ministry of Land and Resources has carried out some related work, especially in organizing pilot projects, and early research on the new round of national territorial planning. According to the need for economic and social development and the current conditions in China, it is the appropriate for China to carry out the new round of territorial planning. However, the government should correctly consider the correlations between territorial planning and other plannings, and take appropriate development action, e.g. stressingmain points for the basis of overall planning, building a territorial planning system that coordinate with national conditions, strengthening research on various supportive measures of territorial planning, summarizing and upgrading experiences obtained in pilot projects, strengthening international exchange and training talented personnel.

  11. Reassembling the Social - An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory

    Latour, Bruno

    2005-09-01

    Reassembling the Social is a fundamental challenge from one of the world's leading social theorists to how we understand society and the 'social'. Bruno Latour's contention is that the world 'social' as used by Social Scientists has become laden with assumptions to the point where it has become misnomer. When the adjective is applied to a phenomenon, it is used to indicate a stabilized state of affairs, a bundle of ties that in due course may be used to account for another phenomenon. But Latour also finds the word used as if it described a type of material, in a comparable way to an adjective such as 'wooden' or 'steely'. Rather than simply indicating what is already assembled together, it is now used in a way that makes assumptions about the nature of what is assembled. It has become a word that designates two distinct things: a process of assembling: and a type of material, distinct from others. Latour shows why 'the social' cannot be thought of as a kind of material or domain, and disputes attempts to provide a 'social explanation' of other states of affairs. While these attempts have been productive (and probably necessary) in the past, the very success of the social sciences mean that they are largely no longer so. At the present stage it is no longer possible to inspect the precise constituents entering the social domain. Latour returns to the original meaning of 'the social' to redefine the notion and allow it to trace connections again. It will then be possible to resume the traditional goal of the social sciences, but using more refined tools. Drawing on his extensive work examining the 'assemblages' of nature, Latour finds it necessary to scrutinize thoroughly the exact content of what is assembled under the umbrella of Society. This approach, a 'sociology of associations' has become known as Actor-Network-Theory, and this book is an essential introduction both for those seeking to understand Actor-Network-Theory, or the ideas of one of its most

  12. Culture, territories, and confidence in food: an anthropological view on health in the context of environmental pollution and socio-political tension.

    Bargès, Anne

    2008-07-01

    Pollutants in the environment as well as potential risks to human health and health policies are leading to profound changes in the food chain. Whether dietary patterns and medical interventions are accepted, depends on the cultural and territorial anchorage of the populations, their socio-cultural past as well as scientific uncertainty and modalities of objectification of social actors. Controversies, debates, and the media influence governance. Local and minority experiences open up global perspectives. This paper focuses on the necessary contextualization of events at the crossroads of various social sciences. The exposure of fish-eating native people to methylmercury in Canada is used as an example. PMID:18374451

  13. Desigualdad territorial de oportunidades, cohesión comunitaria y captura del estado democracia y desarrollo a escala humana en el Perú

    Lama Bustinza, José Carlos; Miralles-Guasch, Carme,

    2015-01-01

    La presente investigación emplea el paradigma de enfoque territorial para abordar el problema de la significativa desigualdad de oportunidades de desarrollo humano en el Perú y sus efectos negativos sobre su sistema democrático y su población infantil. En particular, se identifican factores que explicarían por qué a pesar del importante crecimiento económico de las últimas décadas, y de acciones descentralizadoras por parte del Estado y de otros actores, la reducción del nivel de desigualdad ...

  14. Desigualdad territorial de oportunidades, cohesión comunitaria y captura del estado democracia y desarrollo a escala humana en el Perú

    Lama Bustinza, José Carlos

    2015-01-01

    La presente investigación emplea el paradigma de enfoque territorial para abordar el problema de la significativa desigualdad de oportunidades de desarrollo humano en el Perú y sus efectos negativos sobre su sistema democrático y su población infantil. En particular, se identifican factores que explicarían por qué a pesar del importante crecimiento económico de las últimas décadas, y de acciones descentralizadoras por parte del Estado y de otros actores, la reducción del nivel de desigualdad...

  15. Safety concerns us all

    SC/GS/S

    2004-01-01

    In spite of periodic safety inspections, risks can never be entirely excluded. The Safety Commission invites you to inform your supervisor or Territorial Safety Officer (TSO) of any hazardous situations you may be aware of. Actions to be taken following the fall of two windowpanes A few weeks ago, a windowpane fell from the third floor of an office building, causing minor damage to a car parked outside. No one was hurt in the incident. The putty holding the window in place had gradually deteriorated over time, and strong winds undoubtedly triggered the incident. A few weeks later, a sudden draft caused a window on the fifth floor of the same building to shatter and fall to the ground below. No one was hurt and there was no material damage. The incident was caused by a fan set into the opening window: as the window slammed shut, the weight of the fan caused the glass to break. What can we do to improve safety? examine the windows of our offices and workshops and report any problems or faults, such as dam...

  16. Commercial Actors and the Governing of Education: The Case of Academy School Sponsors in England

    Papanastasiou, Natalie

    2013-01-01

    This article explores the ways in which commercial actors are operating in state education by focusing on the case study of England's academies policy. First of all the discussion outlines the development of academies over time and the way in which the policy has provided opportunities for private actors to become involved in the state…

  17. Sociología del desarrollo: una perspectiva centrada en el actor

    Long, N.E.

    2007-01-01

    This is a translation of : Development sociology : actor perspectives / London [etc.] : Routledge, 2001. - 294 p. ISBN 0415235359 Using case studies and empirical material from Africa and Latin America, this book focuses on the theoretical and methodological foundations of an actor-oriented and soci

  18. West Side Silence: Producing "West Side Story" with Deaf and Hearing Actors.

    Brewer, Diane

    2002-01-01

    Details a collaborative production of "West Side Story" with hearing actors from MacMurray College and deaf actors from the Illinois School for the Deaf. Explores some of the practical dilemmas encountered as the distinctions between the Deaf and hearing communities were negotiated. Explains that the show explored the ways in which sign language…

  19. Influence of Diaspora and Civil Society Actors on the Internationalisation of MNEs in Emerging Market

    Rana, Mohammad Bakhtiar; Elo, Maria

    2015-01-01

    Multinational enterprises (MNE) are viewed as proactive global economic actors that enter new and emerging markets with an intentional strategy, building on their inherent resources and firm-specific advantages. However, there are numerous actors involved at market entry-level who may constitute...

  20. Space partitioning without territoriality in gannets.

    Wakefield, Ewan D; Bodey, Thomas W; Bearhop, Stuart; Blackburn, Jez; Colhoun, Kendrew; Davies, Rachel; Dwyer, Ross G; Green, Jonathan A; Grémillet, David; Jackson, Andrew L; Jessopp, Mark J; Kane, Adam; Langston, Rowena H W; Lescroël, Amélie; Murray, Stuart; Le Nuz, Mélanie; Patrick, Samantha C; Péron, Clara; Soanes, Louise M; Wanless, Sarah; Votier, Stephen C; Hamer, Keith C

    2013-07-01

    Colonial breeding is widespread among animals. Some, such as eusocial insects, may use agonistic behavior to partition available foraging habitat into mutually exclusive territories; others, such as breeding seabirds, do not. We found that northern gannets, satellite-tracked from 12 neighboring colonies, nonetheless forage in largely mutually exclusive areas and that these colony-specific home ranges are determined by density-dependent competition. This segregation may be enhanced by individual-level public information transfer, leading to cultural evolution and divergence among colonies. PMID:23744776

  1. Stalactites : purely crystallised precipitates from Podluzi territory

    Ďurďová, Libuše

    Bratislava : Štátny geologický ústav Dionýza Štúra, 2005 - (Ďurža, O.; Rapant, S.), s. 118-121 ISBN 8088974704. [Geochémia 2005. Bratislava (SK), 08.12.2005] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA3060102; GA AV ČR KSK3046108 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z2060917 Keywords : stalactites * Podluží territory * chemical composition Subject RIV: DA - Hydrology ; Limnology

  2. Biogas, the renewable energy of territories

    A set of articles outlines the essential role of 'green gas' in energy transition, discusses the emergence of a European bio-methane sector with a standard harmonisation, proposes an interview of the person in charge of strategy and territories for GrDF who addresses the building up of operation rules for the biogas sector, comments various aspects of biogas financing, comments the relationships between heat, electricity and fuel within a rural project in Brittany, describes a project of extraction and use of methane from waste waters, and presents a process of liquefaction developed by Cryostar as a possible valorisation of biogas

  3. Radiation situation on the Gomel' airport territory

    The results of measuring gamma radiation fields on the Gomel' airport territory made in Jule-August 1991 are discused. It is shown that radiation dose rate varies in the limits from 15 up to 320 muR/h. The given data show that the maximum dose rate (345 muR/h) is registered in places of AN-2 and MI-2 parking. The maximum dose rate near the return taxi track and passenger ramp does not exceed 300 muR/h. The data of measuring the gamma radiation dose rate near the industrial buildings are given, as well. 7 refs.; 1 tab

  4. STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT OF A TERRITORIAL DISTRIBUTED COMPLEX

    Vidovskiy L. A.

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to strategic management and implementation of the strategy. Management strategy is based on the management of strategic potential of the enterprise. The strategic potential of the company generates only those resources that can be changed because of strategic decisions. Analysis of the potential of the enterprise should cover almost all spheres of its activity: the enterprise management, production, marketing, finance, human resources. The article has designed a system of strategic management by the example of a construction company in the information management system territorially - distributed building complexes, thus improving the competitiveness of the organization, to provide timely and quality implementation of business plans

  5. Urban Decline and Failed Reconversion Process: the Role of "Path Dependence" and Governance Theories in Local Actors' Strategies. The Case of Langreo (Spain

    JOSÉ PRADA TRIGO

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available During the sixties and the seventies, most of the European cities suffered an economic crisis and an urban restructuring process, particularly the traditional industrial cities and regions. These places suffered a deep slow-down in their growth and a decline process. In Spain, Asturias is one of the most affected regions by the crisis, and the Asturian cities specialized in the mining activity and the traditional industry (Avilés, Gijón, Langreo and Mieres entered a process of decline in the sixties that in some cases continues today. In Langreo, the strong reindustrialisation policy developed by the local actors has not contributed to modify the image of “industrial city”. Today, the important presence of the industry in Langreo is paradoxical, when services are the economic driving force of the city and its principal source of employment. The lack of urban planning has given rise to a deteriorated urban landscape, where people do not wish to live today because of the proximity of industrial activities and the troubles that in some ways they cause. This paper analyses the unsuccessful process of urban and economic renovation as well as the current situation of Langreo. In order to do this, it uses a methodology that combines statistical information with interviews with local actors involved in the city’s development. The main results are: (i A critical analysis of the situation of Langreo and its future perspectives, (ii A summary of the contrast between the different models proposed by the local actors for the city and (iii Some conclusions about the importance of executing an urban organization to fit the economic and employment parameters with the physical and territorial conditions of the city. Some issues like the different intensity in the implication of local agents, or the mechanism that govern the alliances between them also stand out.

  6. AUTOMATIC RECOVERING NODE FAILURE IN WIRELESS SENSOR ACTOR NETWORKS

    C.A.Subasini

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Automatic recovering node failure in wireless sensor actor network to identify the cutvertex and to meet to the node failure. The network consists of many nodes that are constructed into a tree structure. Once the tree has been constructed the shortest path is found by the Aodv protocol.If a node failure occurs in the shortest path then the cut-vertex could be recovered and the data can be securely passed on to the destination in an alternative route obtained from the routing table. Heartbeat messages acknowledge the node failure. The feasible path is not found by the protocol, and then the network is divided into two or many parts. The MLeDir algorithm is used to identify the network failure and disjoint block of the network. The disjoint block is identified by the MLeDir algorithm and to rectify the disjoint block of failure network nodes. MLeDir algorithm is moving only the respective nodes from source to destination.

  7. La prostitución, una mirada desde sus actores

    Luisa Fernanda Montoya Restrepo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo surge de la investigación Aspectos sociales y familiares que conllevan al ejercicio de la prostitución a 14 jóvenes de la ciudad de Medellín, a partir de sus relatos de vida, que en su proceso de generación de información implementó entre otras estrategias, una serie de talleres con población –hombres y mujeres– en ejercicio de la prostitución y con el equipo profesional que les brinda atención psicosocial, como parte del desarrollo del diseño metodológico planteado para la generación de información. Con esta publicación se pretende reflexionar sobre las diferentes concepciones y significados que se le ha dado a la palabra prostitución, estigmatizada no solo desde el imaginario social, sino también desde la religión. Se retoman para ello algunas posturas disciplinares y especialmente las voces de los actores que participaron como fuentes originales en el proceso de investigación; por ende, se realizará un breve recorrido que recoja las connotaciones más comunes de las personas que ejercen cotidianamente la prostitución.

  8. Can Tics be Performed Convincingly by an Actor?

    Kirsten R. Müller-Vahl

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. In the German movie “Vincent will Meer” a healthy actor portrays a man with Tourette’s syndrome. Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the performance of tics is convincing and whether this judgment depends on whether he/she suffers from tics or not. Methods. While the movie was broadcasted in German cinemas, we put an online survey (including 28 questions on different aspects related to the observation, performance, and authenticity of tics on the web pages of the German self-help group. 276/296 surveys submitted could be used for further analyses. Results. 95.7% of all participants felt that the performance of tics was convincing. However, people with tics (n=26 were less convinced compared to those who had never met a person with tics (n=110 (P=0.020. Conclusions. Our results further support the hypothesis that tics are not “abnormal” but “physiological” movements that are only misplaced both in time and context.

  9. The institutionalisation of ecological standpoint in modern societies: Responses of collective actors to the ecological challenge in the debate on nuclear energy. Final report

    We developped a concept for the analysis of the institutionalisation of ecological standpoints in modern societies in order to apply a content analysis on the discourse on nuclear energy over the last 20 years (1973-1993). The world-views concerning the relationship between nature and society of collective actors in the Federal Republic of Germany were the focus. Starting out from the hypothesis that social movements are ''forces of definition'' in modern society, we analysed the BBU (Federal Association of Citizen Action Groups for Environmental Protection) and the Green Party. These groups have had a strong impact on established environmental organisations in Germany. There is also a clear impact of the ecology movement on parts of the Social Democrats (SPD) and trade unions. The impact on the Liberal and Conservative parties is much weaker. However, these actors as well, integrated ecological world-views into their productionist outlooks. With the help of the Greens, the ecological discourse entered into parliament where it was later supported by factions of the SPD. In the area of the productionist sector of society, trade unions challenged employer associations on the grounds of environmental issues. Yet, the German unification retarded the institutionalisation of ecological standpoints. This concerns the ecological movement as well as established actors. However, it needs to be mentioned that this decay started already in the late 1980s. (orig.)

  10. SCHOOL, CULTURE & MOVEMENT : SUBJECTS/ACTORS FACE THE TRACES OF THEIR OWN ACTIVITY WHEN CREATING ALBUMS

    Nadine Pairis

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This article concerns pupils' activity operated from the theoretical and methodological framework of data analysis of the "process of action" (Theureau, 2004 supporting on activity tracks (what emerges from the pre-reflexive consciousness and video recordings proceeded with individual interviews questioning the actors about their work : creation of albums into two classes of cycle 2 (one of them is an experimental artistic and cultural educational classroom with the help of an author/illustrator. The understanding of pupil’s activity answers the hypothesis of getting to work with creativity (Vygotski, 1930 in studying the "school well-being", the discourse analysis (case of Ramone who, in 2013, is not involved in the album creation while in 2014 he does not want to go out for a break before having finished the activity of visual art as well as the posture of their bodies at a moment of attentive listening. The results reveal that pupils need more movement than being in stand by (Jorro, 2013; Dewey 1934, in exploring their relationship to the space children become aware of the other ones (action vs passivity. The analysis of the pupils’ activity puts into perspective the impact of the artistic and cultural practices on learnings and movement (performance of their musical tale -moving in space with big-sized illustrations-, graphic movement : not only in writing but in positioning their body to accustom them to feel it before it hurts them as means of expression and cultural fact.

  11. Questionnaire: involved actors in large disused components management - Summary Of Responses To The Questionnaire

    The aim of the Questionnaire is to establish an overview of the various bodies [Actors] that have responsibilities or input to the issue of large component decommissioning. In answering the intent is to cover the overall organisation and those bits that have most relevance to large components. The answers should reflect the areas from site operations to decommissioning as well as the wider issue of disposal at another location. The Questionnaire covers the following points: 1 - What is the country (institutional) structure for decommissioning? 2 - who does what and where lie the responsibilities? 3 - Which bodies have responsibility for onsite safety regulation, discharges and disposal? 4 - Which body(s) owns the facilities? 5 - Describe the responsibilities for funding of the decommissioning plan and disposal plan. Are they one and the same body? Whilst there are differences between countries there are some common threads. Regulation is through the state though the number of regulators involved may vary. In summary, the IAEA principles concerning independence of the regulatory body are followed. Funding arrangements vary but there are plans. Similarly, ownership of facilities is a mix of state and private. Some systems require a separate decommissioning license with Spain having the clearest demarcation of responsibilities for the decommissioning phase and waste management responsibilities

  12. A relevant Spanish actor: the role views and singularity of Amac

    Ana Garcia of the Autonomous University of Barcelona described the role. goals and future plans of the Association of Spanish Nuclear Municipalities (AMAC) formed by the mayors of Spanish municipalities that host, or whose boundaries lie within a distance of ten kilometres from a nuclear facility. One of its main goals has been strengthening the safety of nuclear communities and promoting emergency planning. In addition, AMAC is endeavoring to take a voice in nuclear discourse and is willing to serve as a link between relevant agents (e.g. ministries, CSN. ENRESA, industry) and local actors. Although the initial mistrust has given way to an explicit recognition of AMAC as a unified speaker for its members, AMAC still is not fully accepted as a participant in the decision-making processes. Ms. Garcia judged that this is not only a clear manifestation of the democratic deficit in Spanish society, but also indicates a far-from-ideal situation concerning transparency and participation of groups affected by nuclear facilities. (author)

  13. Territoriality and Consumption Behaviour with Location-based Media

    Tussyadiah, Iis

    2012-01-01

    The development in location-based mobile media has led to the popularity of its use for place experiences. This study explored the concept of territoriality, which is suggested as the underlying human behaviour that influences consumers’ mobility and experience stimulated by the social gaming...... feature of location-based media. From an exploratory investigation with a series of focus group discussions with users of location-based media, this study observed the activities of territorial tagging for the purposes of territorial claim and defence to gain and maintain the perceived territorial control...... over resources and rewards attached to certain places. The ability of location-based media to make the physical territory to interact with informational devices enables territorial behaviour to manifest in the consumption of local establishments, making location-based media a powerful tool...

  14. The Structural Geographic Components of a Territorial Survey

    POMPEI COCEAN

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available When using regional geographic approaches, i.e. when applying its concepts to the problems of anthropic communities from a certain territory, is compulsory. In this study we have taken into account the complex and the etymologically adequate meaning of the notion and not the meaning most commonly used at present (i.e. the functional zoning and regionalisation of the territory. Relying on the estimations of territorial surveys, one may give the solutions for the extant malfunctions and for optimising future developments. The geographic components of this parameter (the territorial survey are: the natural support basis, the population and its settlements, the social and economic development level, the technical equipment of the territory, and the extant risks and malfunctions. Indices from 1 to 10 will be summed in order to give us the big picture, namely the present-day situation and the favourability level of that territory for various anthropic interventions.

  15. Comparative estimates of Kamchatka territory development in the context of northern territories of foreign countries

    Andrey Gennadyevich Shelomentsev

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article promotes an approach to assess the prospects of regional development on the basis of the synthesis of comparative and historical methods of research. According to the authors, the comparative analysis of the similar functioning of the socio-economic systems forms deeper understanding what part factors and methods of state regulation play in regional development, and also their place in socio-economic and geopolitical space. The object of the research is Kamchatka territory as the region playing strategically important role in socio-economic development of Russia and also northern territories of the other countries comparable with Kamchatka on the bass if environmental conditions such as Iceland, Greenland, USA (Alaska, Canada (Yukon, and Japan (Hokkaido. On the basis of allocation of the general signs of regional socio-economic systems and creation of the regional development models forming the basis for comparative estimates, the article analyses the territories, which are comparable on the base of climatic, geographic, economic, geopolitical conditions, but thus significantly different due to the level of economic familiarity. The generalization of the extensive statistical material characterizing various spheres of activity at these territories, including branch structure of the economy, its infrastructure security, demographic situation, the budgetary and financial sphere are given. It allows defining the crucial features of the regional economy development models. In the conclusion, the authors emphasize that ignoring of the essential relations among the regional system elements and internal and external factors deprives a research of historical and socio-economic basis.

  16. Legal aspects of the association of overseas countries and territories with the European Union

    Hruškovic Ivan

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article is concerned with an issue in European law that is historically derived from the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community. The aim is to illuminate the functions and objectives of the European Union that correspond to the provisions of Part Four of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union - Association of the Overseas Countries and Territories. The basic provisions are laid down in the primary law of the European Union but there are also other documents and legislative acts that lay down more detailed provisions on the given issue and reveal a more complex perspective. The article focuses on the existing legislation regulating the association of overseas countries and territories with the Union. The author first draws attention to the key provisions of the Treaty establishing the EEC that define the purpose, objectives and fundamental principles applied between the Union and the overseas countries and territories. The main purpose of the article, however, is to analyse the current legal basis of association and to highlight the need for a new legislative framework of cooperation. New legislation should take into account not only the interests of the Union, but also the desire of the overseas countries and territories for a new quality of mutual cooperation. The author argues that the best way to improve the association mechanism based on the Lisbon Treaty is to modernise the Union’s existing secondary legislation in this area. In this regard the author analyses issues related to Council decision 2001/822/EC on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Community and the proposal for a Council decision (COM/2012/362 of 16 July, 2012.

  17. Corporate entrepreneurship in a dispersed setting : actors, behaviors, and process

    Belousova, Olga; Gailly, Benoit

    2013-01-01

    Although conceptual models of the corporate entrepreneurship process are numerous, our current empirical knowledge regarding it remains fragmented, especially concerning the contributions of individual employees to corporate entrepreneurship. Thus, two important questions remain unanswered: How do e

  18. Northwest Territories Power Corporation annual report 1991/92

    The Northwest Territories Power Corporation is a crown corporation of the government of the Northwest Territories. The Corporation operates diesel and hydroelectric production facilities to provide utility services on a self-sustaining basis in the Northwest Territories. Total revenue for 1991/92 amounted to $92,872,000 with $84,954,000 coming from the sale of power. Financial statements are presented. 3 figs

  19. Northwest Territories Power Corporation annual report 1992/93

    The Northwest Territories Power Corporation is a crown corporation of the government of the Northwest Territories. The Corporation operates diesel and hydroelectric production facilities to provide utility services on a self-sustaining basis in the Northwest Territories. Total revenue for 1992/93 amounted to $98,327,000 with $90,274,000 coming from the sale of power. Financial statements are presented. 3 figs

  20. Regional competitiveness and territorial industrial development in Serbia

    Zeković Slavka

    2009-01-01

    In the paper are investigated the regional competitiveness and the territorial aspects of industry in Serbia. There are analyzed the key recent movement in industrial development of Serbia and macrolocational factors and territorial organization of industry. The research of possible structural changes of industry and identification of its key development sectors is the important component of territorial development analysis in Serbia. This paper points to the kinds and types of industri...

  1. INTEGRATED TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT IN ROMANIA. WHAT DOES INTEGRATION MEAN ?

    Ovidiu, PUIU; Cristina, SERBANICA

    2014-01-01

    Territorial development is a central topic within the European Union's Cohesion Policy and an important pillar for its agenda for employment and growth. To this end, the EU deploys important resources, be it in the form of dedicated programs (e.g. urban development), be it through introducing a territorial dimension to many other areas of intervention (e.g. transport policy, environmental policy, energy policy etc.). Given the high diversity of approaches, developing an integrated territorial...

  2. Introduction of Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics in Croatia

    Rasic, Ivana

    2003-01-01

    The paper presents the process of introduction of the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) in Croatia. It will be discussed about all criteria that should be applied during that process of establishment and about constraints that disable reaching optimal solution. First constraint was the EUROSTAT's recommendation that the establishment of the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics should be based on the existing administrative division of the state territory. Acc...

  3. Towards Multi-Level Territorial Governance in Hungary

    Gyetvai, Márton

    2012-01-01

    This thesis sets out to develop credible scenarios outlining the future territorial governance system of Hungary. The overview on the challenges of the Hungarian spatial development pointed to a direction of the lacking overarching administrative background concept. The EU discourse on territorial policies, spearheaded by the Territorial Agenda 2020 has become more and more influenced by the contemporary organizational concepts of public administration. With associating two notable conception...

  4. Stakeholder Analysis in Territorial Intelligence in Digital Governance.

    Shiang, Jing

    2009-01-01

    Stakeholder Analysis in Territorial Intelligence in Digital Governance. Although the concept of sustainable development has been widely addressed in territorial development and territorial intelligence, the results of the applications and practices may not be satisfactory. Most of the existing models in development are guided by "top-down" planning approach. The biggest disadvantage of this planning approach is that the opinions of key players may not be adopted in the planning process. Fo...

  5. Architecture, territory, and society: Two projects for the Veneto

    Danziger, Elon

    2006-01-01

    An architectural territory is an area of human settlement that exhibits consistent architectural conditions or elements. In this thesis, three primary aspects of territory are considered: massing patterns, circulation networks, and typological structure. Many European architects work to extend, delimit, and join territories through their architectural interventions. In this way buildings function both as objects in themselves and as linking or delimiting parts in an urban whole. This th...

  6. Serotonin modulates vocalizations and territorial behavior in an amphibian.

    Ten Eyck, Gary R

    2008-11-01

    It is well established that the serotonergic system modulates social and aggressive behaviors. This study employed field experiments to examine the effects of serotonin on male social structure and behavior in the Puerto Rican coquí frog, Eleutherodactylus coqui. This frog displays three types of male behavioral phenotypes: territorial, satellite, and paternal males. Territorial males produce advertisement calls that delineate territories and actively defend these areas. Satellite males typically do not call or defend given areas but are commonly within given conspecific territories. Paternal males brood and defend developing embryos typically in isolation. The objective of this investigation was to focus on territorial and satellite males to determine the impact of the serotonergic system on territorial behavior, specifically with regard to advertisement calling. Serotonin receptor subtype systems 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(2A/C) were chosen due to their known function in behavioral regulation. Fifteen territorial and satellite males were injected with the 5-HT(1A) agonist 8-OH-DPAT and 15 territorial and satellite males were injected with the 5-HT(2A/C) agonist DOI. Control territorial and satellite males received saline injections. Results indicated that a significant number of territorial males injected with 8-OH-DPAT and DOI failed to emit territorial vocalizations and did not display dominant postural behaviors. It is hypothesized that 8-OH-DPAT and DOI activate 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(2A/C) receptor systems, respectively, and this activation results in the elimination of territorial behavior resulting in subordinate status. It is concluded that the serotonergic system is essential for the manifestation of male social behavior in E. coqui. PMID:18554729

  7. Territorial expansion and primary state formation.

    Spencer, Charles S

    2010-04-20

    A major research problem in anthropology is the origin of the state and its bureaucratic form of governance. Of particular importance for evaluating theories of state origins are cases of primary state formation, whereby a first-generation state evolves without contact with any preexisting states. A general model of this process, the territorial-expansion model, is presented and assessed with archaeological data from six areas where primary states emerged in antiquity: Mesoamerica, Peru, Egypt, Mesopotamia, the Indus Valley, and China. In each case, the evidence shows a close correspondence in time between the first appearance of state institutions and the earliest expansion of the state's political-economic control to regions lying more than a day's round-trip from the capital. Although additional research will add detail and clarity to the empirical record, the results to date are consistent with the territorial-expansion model, which argues that the success of such long-distance expansion not only demanded the bureaucratization of central authority but also helped provide the resources necessary to underwrite this administrative transformation. PMID:20385804

  8. Pigs leptospirosis at the territory of Belgrade

    Vojinović Dragica

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Examinations of pig blood samples have been carried out at public pig farms in three Belgrade municipalities: Palilula, Surcin and Obrenovac. The number of tested blood serums of pigs at Palilula was 18990, in Surcin 7739 and in Obrenovac it was 8200. The number of positive blood serums on leptospirosis in pigs was 760, and out of that number the most positive samples (496 were in Surcin, followed by Palilula (217, and the least were found in Obrenovac (47. In the period from 2000 to 2009, there were tested 34929 blood serums of pigs from farms located at the territory of Belgrade. For the investigations there was used the microscopic agglutination test (MAT on seven varieties of L. interrogans: L. pomona, L. icterohaemorrhagiae, L. grippotyphosa, L. sejroe, L. canicola, L. bataviae and L. australis. Seropositivity in pigs was determined in 760 blood serums, or in 2.17%. Leptospirosis prevalence was not very high, but it was constant, which indicates that leptospirosis infection maintained at the territory of Belgrade for ten years throughout our continual investigation.

  9. THE ELDERLIES AS A COLLECTIVE ACTOR OF THE SOCIAL POLICY

    Vasilieva, E.; Mosina, O.

    2014-01-01

    The active becoming of the social policy Institute, concerning to the older people, makes more active the problem of its subject revealing. The older population itself comes forward as the collective subject concerning to the older people. It is endowed the actor’s characteristics. It is capable of social sphere cor- recting and reforming. The elderlies as a social-demographic group may have in- fl uence on their own social, economic and other problems. It should be an acting collective subje...

  10. Identidad, reconocimiento y participación. Ordenamiento territorial y justicia ambiental en las zonas rurales de Medellín (Colombia

    Carlos Javier Egio Rubio

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta los resultados de una investigación donde se usan la justicia ambiental y la comunicación para el cambio social como ejes teóricos. Se desarrolla con metodologías participativas en el contexto de las zonas rurales de Medellín durante el 2013. Su objetivo es identificar y clasificar las percepciones de los actores sociales que participan en la política de ordenamiento territorial. Los resultados que se encuentran son: (i una gran diversidad de actores sociales, (ii un alto nivel de dispersión de acciones en todo el territorio rural y (iii unas identidades locales en constante cambio y reconstrucción, pero siempre asociadas a la ruralidad. El artículo finaliza subrayando algunas percepciones colectivas en respuesta a los efectos ambientales del modelo de expansión urbana y cómo los actores sociales de las cinco zonas rurales del municipio de Medellín cuentan con un legado de procesos de participación comunitaria con potencialidad para incidir con acciones locales en una justicia ambiental. This article presents the results of an investigation where environmental justice and communication for social change are used for social change as theoretical concepts. It develops with participatory methodologies in the context of rural areas of Medellin in 2013. Their goal is to identify and classify the perceptions of the social actors involved in the policies. The results found are (i a wide range of social actors, (ii a high level of dispersion of actions in all rural territories and (iii a few local identities in constant change and reconstruction, but always associated with rural life. The article concludes by highlighting some collective perceptions in response to environmental effects of the model of urban expansion and how social actors in five rural areas of the municipality of Medellín have a legacy of community participation processes with the potentiality to influence local actions in a environmental justice.

  11. Information report in application of the article 145 of the Regulation by the Commission on Foreign Affairs on the adaptation of energy law to Overseas Territories - Nr 2225

    In a first part, this report explains why overseas territories must be privileged territories of energy transition. This requirement is based on a present context of non secured energy supply and non guaranteed access to energy, of a high carbon electricity mix despite important renewable sources and dynamic local actors, and of an increasing cost of the energy system. In a second part, the authors outline that energy policy in overseas territories is a victim of unsuitable national arrangements and of decisions taken far away: local communities are left alone in front of the huge work of inland electrification in Guyana; the development of renewable energies is stopped because of the addition of several constraints; the policy of energy demand management depends on late transcriptions of national arrangements; and there is in fact no energy policy for overseas territories. Eleven propositions are made related to energy governance, to the electrification of Guyana inland communities, to the support to renewable energies, and to energy demand management

  12. Separation of Concerns

    Ernst, Erik

    2003-01-01

    Separation of concerns is a crucial concept in discussions about software engineering consequences of programming language design decisions, especially in AOSD. This paper proposes a way to formalize this concept, and argues that the given formalization is useful even if it is used primarily in an...

  13. Quebec's Toxic Pollution Concern.

    Mingie, Walter

    The best solution to the problems of increased pollution of Quebec lakes and rivers with toxic wastes and increased incidence of pollution related diseases is to educate children, to make them aware of the environment and man's interrelationship with it. Attitudes of concern, based on knowledge, must be developed so that as adults, they will take…

  14. Comment concerning Leonardo's rule

    Sotolongo-Costa, O; Oseguera-Manzanilla, T; Díaz-Guerrero, D S

    2016-01-01

    In this comment we propose a novel explanation for the Leonardo's rule concerning the tree branching. According to Leonardo's notebooks he observed that if one observes the branches of a tree, the squared radius of the principal branch is equal to the sum of the squared radius of the branch daughters.

  15. Expression of Concern

    Delvaux, Damien

    2016-08-01

    This is a note of a temporary expression of concern related to the publication titled, "Sapphirine and fluid inclusions in Tel Thanoun mantle xenoliths, Syria" by Ahmad Bilal, which appeared in Journal of African Earth Sciences, 116 (2016) 105-113.

  16. Influence of General Plans on Urbanization of Agrarian Territories on Lithuania’s Seaside

    Rimvydas Gaudėšius

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Scientists of the world are concerned about a decrease in agrarian territories because of active urbanization. Many global problems arise because of a rapid increase in population. One of these problems is an increase in the use of agricultural products. In order to get these products, agricultural land is required. Such agricultural land is a limited natural resource. In accordance with the territory planning policy implemented in the Republic of Lithuania, general plans of administrative units are the most important documents establishing priorities of land usage. In this scientific article general plans of municipalities are analysed, spatial position of agricultural land decrease is simulated and particular rates of unreasonable land usage are calculated. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5755/j01.erem.71.4.13364

  17. Golden Eagle Territories and Ecology at Site 300

    Fratanduono, M. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)

    2015-09-29

    Garcia and Associates (GANDA) was contracted by the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to collect information on golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos) use of Site 300. During 2014, we conducted surveys at Site 300 and for an area including a 10-mile radius of Site 300. Those surveys documented 42 golden eagle territories including two territories that overlapped with Site 300. These were named ‘Tesla’ and ‘Linac Road’. In 2015, we conducted surveys to refine the territory boundaries of golden eagle territories that overlapped with Site 300 and to document eagle activity at Site 300.

  18. Multidimensional and multiscalar analisis of territorial rural development in Brazil

    Sergio Schneider

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Of late, there have been several political, practical and analytical changes to our understanding of rural development. Diverse efforts have emerged in the analysis and discussion of spatial dynamics such as “rurality”, territories, in the construction of a territorial perspective of rural development. These changes in the forms of identification and measurement of rural development lead us to question the validity and effectiveness of applied methods, inviting us to establish methodologies and analytical criteria coherent with the multiple manifestations and scales of development. This article offers a multidimensional and multi-scalar analytical model for territorial rural development, using our methodology tested in four rural territories of Brazil.

  19. Adaptive Actor-Critic Design-Based Integral Sliding-Mode Control for Partially Unknown Nonlinear Systems With Input Disturbances.

    Fan, Quan-Yong; Yang, Guang-Hong

    2016-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the problem of integral sliding-mode control for a class of nonlinear systems with input disturbances and unknown nonlinear terms through the adaptive actor-critic (AC) control method. The main objective is to design a sliding-mode control methodology based on the adaptive dynamic programming (ADP) method, so that the closed-loop system with time-varying disturbances is stable and the nearly optimal performance of the sliding-mode dynamics can be guaranteed. In the first step, a neural network (NN)-based observer and a disturbance observer are designed to approximate the unknown nonlinear terms and estimate the input disturbances, respectively. Based on the NN approximations and disturbance estimations, the discontinuous part of the sliding-mode control is constructed to eliminate the effect of the disturbances and attain the expected equivalent sliding-mode dynamics. Then, the ADP method with AC structure is presented to learn the optimal control for the sliding-mode dynamics online. Reconstructed tuning laws are developed to guarantee the stability of the sliding-mode dynamics and the convergence of the weights of critic and actor NNs. Finally, the simulation results are presented to illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed method. PMID:26357411

  20. Pesticide use in banana and plantain production and risk perception among local actors in Talamanca, Costa Rica

    The Talamanca County in Costa Rica has large-scale banana and small-scale plantain production, probably causing pesticide exposure in indigenous children. We explored to what extent different community actors are aware of children's pesticide hazards and how their awareness related to socio-economical and cultural conditions. Methods comprised eight focus groups with fathers and mothers separately, 27 semi-structured interviews to key actors, and field observations. As a whole, the indigenous plantain farmers and banana plantation workers had some general knowledge of pesticides concerning crop protection, but little on acute health effects, and hardly any on exposure routes and pathways, and chronic effects. People expressed vague ideas about pesticide risks. Inter-community differences were related to pesticide technologies used in banana and plantain production, employment status on a multinational plantation versus smallholder status, and gender. Compared to formalized practices on transnational company plantations, where workers reported to feel protected, pesticide handling by plantain smallholders was not perceived as hazardous and therefore no safety precautions were applied. Large-scale monoculture was perceived as one of the most important problems leading to pesticide risks in Talamanca on banana plantations, and also on neighboring small plantain farms extending into large areas. Plantain farmers have adopted use of highly toxic pesticides following banana production, but in conditions of extreme poverty. Aerial spraying in banana plantations was considered by most social actors a major determinant of exposure for the population living nearby these plantations, including vulnerable children. We observed violations of legally established aerial spraying distances. Economic considerations were most mentioned as the underlying reason for the pesticide use: economic needs to obtain the production quantity and quality, and pressure to use pesticides by other

  1. Pesticide use in banana and plantain production and risk perception among local actors in Talamanca, Costa Rica

    Barraza, Douglas, E-mail: dbarraza@una.ac.cr [Central American Institute for Studies on Toxic Substances, Universidad Nacional, Heredia (Costa Rica); Technology and Agrarian Development Group, Wageningen University (Netherlands); Jansen, Kees [Technology and Agrarian Development Group, Wageningen University (Netherlands); Wendel de Joode, Berna van; Wesseling, Catharina [Central American Institute for Studies on Toxic Substances, Universidad Nacional, Heredia (Costa Rica)

    2011-07-15

    The Talamanca County in Costa Rica has large-scale banana and small-scale plantain production, probably causing pesticide exposure in indigenous children. We explored to what extent different community actors are aware of children's pesticide hazards and how their awareness related to socio-economical and cultural conditions. Methods comprised eight focus groups with fathers and mothers separately, 27 semi-structured interviews to key actors, and field observations. As a whole, the indigenous plantain farmers and banana plantation workers had some general knowledge of pesticides concerning crop protection, but little on acute health effects, and hardly any on exposure routes and pathways, and chronic effects. People expressed vague ideas about pesticide risks. Inter-community differences were related to pesticide technologies used in banana and plantain production, employment status on a multinational plantation versus smallholder status, and gender. Compared to formalized practices on transnational company plantations, where workers reported to feel protected, pesticide handling by plantain smallholders was not perceived as hazardous and therefore no safety precautions were applied. Large-scale monoculture was perceived as one of the most important problems leading to pesticide risks in Talamanca on banana plantations, and also on neighboring small plantain farms extending into large areas. Plantain farmers have adopted use of highly toxic pesticides following banana production, but in conditions of extreme poverty. Aerial spraying in banana plantations was considered by most social actors a major determinant of exposure for the population living nearby these plantations, including vulnerable children. We observed violations of legally established aerial spraying distances. Economic considerations were most mentioned as the underlying reason for the pesticide use: economic needs to obtain the production quantity and quality, and pressure to use pesticides by

  2. Aspectos conceptuales de la evaluación del geopotencial con fines de planificación territorial

    M. Elkin Velásquez

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Elementos conceptuales inspirados en los principios de la planificación territorial son propuestos para una mejor incorporación de las ciencias de la tierra en dicho ejercicio. Estos elementos están orientados, además de propender por una mayor componente endógena, según tres aspectos fundamentales: una mayor consideración de las potencialidades naturales locales, una mayor participación de los actores sociales en las decisiones y la incorporación adecuada de la información territorial disponible. Para los actores de las ciencias de la Tierra, el interés actual radica en el desarrollo de métodos y técnicas que permitan incorporar en esta visión de la planificación territorial, los conocimientos del medio físico. Desde la perspectiva de la interfase (o el vacío científicos-planificación y toma de decisiones, se desarrolla una metodología para la incorporación del medio físico en el ordenamiento del territorio. Este artículo se concentra en la primero de las tres grandes fases de la planificación territorial: análisis de potencialidades, prospectiva y selección de alternativas. Se reintroduce el concepto de geopotencial. El análisis del geopotencial aborda tres problemas: valoración, representación y comunicación. Desde una visión dinámica y si se quiere constructivista del medio ambiente, el problema del valor ambiental se asocia a la visión y las expectativas generales de la sociedad y sus decisores. Cuatro dimensiones de valor ambiental son propuestas: valor mínimo necesario, valor estratégico, valor patrimonial y valor de sensibilidad. Un sistema de indicadores de geopotencial permite estructurar de una mejor manera la información sobre el medio físico. A nivel del problema de representación, una serie de documentos cartográficos permiten sintetizar el geopotencial bruto o por dimensión de valor. Dicha representación facilita los procesos de comunicación y decisión. La flexibilidad de la metodolog

  3. European and Chinese territoriality and territorial identity: temporal and spatial comparision of the post-war situation in Europe

    Peetersoo, Joel

    2001-01-01

    The number of territorially based identities, that every human being has, is countless. Tied with different scales and natures of territorial units, the clearest of them appear to be political, economical and cultural identities of macro-, meso- and microscale. What are possibly the most important territorial identities of the global province known as Europe? Could these determine the developing trend for all world or are they affected by globalization themselves? And what does look like the ...

  4. Actor-Critic Algorithm Based on Tile Coding and Model Learning%基于Tile Coding编码和模型学习的Actor-Critic算法

    金玉净; 朱文文; 伏玉琛; 刘全

    2014-01-01

    Actor-Critic是一类具有较好性能及收敛保证的强化学习方法,然而,Agent在学习和改进策略的过程中并没有对环境的动态性进行学习,导致Actor-Critic方法的性能受到一定限制.此外,Actor-Critic方法中需要近似地表示策略以及值函数,其中状态和动作的编码方法以及参数对Actor-Critic方法有重要的影响.Tile Coding编码具有简单易用、计算时间复杂度较低等优点,因此,将Tile Coding编码与基于模型的Actor-Critic方法结合,并将所得算法应用于强化学习仿真实验.实验结果表明,所得算法具有较好的性能.

  5. Actors or Spectators? Vulnerability and Critical Environmental Law

    Andreas Philippopoulos‐Mihalopoulos

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The question of whether we as humans should remain spectators of the great theatre of ecological disaster or become actors is a false dichotomy. In this chapter, I argue that both are needed, since the critical distance of spectatorship does not annul the need for immersion in the ecological continuum. A tool in the realisation of this is the concept of vulnerability, which is here conceptualised as a space of ‘the middle’ (as opposed, emphatically, to ‘the centre’ and offers an opportunity to think away from the sterile debate on eco/anthropocentricity and from such limiting hierarchies as animal/human, human/environmental, natural/artificial. This new, vulnerable position of the middle allows the reconfiguration of ecological processes, and more specifically, the position of environmental law in relation to them. Environmental law now finds itself amidst a new, moving, ‘open ecology’ of social, biological and ecological processes. This is a new, radical conceptualisation of what I have called ‘critical environmental law’, based upon an epistemology of observation and an ontology of being part of this open ecology. Environmental law, in this light, is simultaneously reformulated as being an invitation to disciplinary and ontological openness and yet a call to remain immanent within existing legal structures. This finds expression in four critical environmental positions that set the stage for the further elaboration of a critical environmental law. La cuestión de si nosotros, como seres humanos, debemos seguir siendo espectadores del gran teatro de la catástrofe ecológica o convertirnos en actores es una dicotomía falsa. En este artículo se sostiene que ambos son necesarios, ya que la distancia crítica del espectador no anula la necesidad de una inmersión en el continuum ecológico. Una herramienta para la realización de esto es el concepto de vulnerabilidad, que aquí se concibe como un espacio 'intermedio' (en oposici

  6. Natural gas supply strategies for European energy market actors

    The liberalization of the European energy markets leads to the diversification of supplies. Hence, we analyse the natural gas importation problem in a power producer point of view. Upstream and downstream natural gas markets are concentrated. In this oligopoly context, our topic is to focus on strategies which modify natural gas sourcing price. This by studying the surplus sharing on the natural gas chain. A European firm can bundle gas and electricity outputs to increase its market share. Therefore, a bundling strategy of a power producer in competition with a natural gas reseller on the final European energy market increases upstream natural gas price. Bundling also acts as a raising rival cost strategy and reduces the rivals' profit. Profits opportunities incite natural gas producers to enter the final market. Vertical integration between a natural gas producer and a European gas reseller is a way, for producers, to catch end consumer surplus. Vertical integration results in the foreclosure of the power producer on the upstream natural gas market. To be active on the natural gas market, the power producer could supply bundles. But, this strategy reallocates the rent. The integrated firm on natural gas gets the rent of electricity market in expenses of the power producer. Then, a solution for the power producer is to supply gas and electricity as complements. Then, we consider a case where vertical integration is not allowed. Input price discrimination by a monopolist leads to a lower natural gas price for the actor which diversifies its supplying sources. Furthermore, a bundling strategy increases the gap between the price proposed to the firm which also diversify its output and the firm which is fully dependent from the producer to supply natural gas on final market. (author)

  7. International Political Actorness of the EU: the Dichotomy of Agent and Structure

    Gnatyuk Nikolay Nikolaevich

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Theories of international relations, regional integration and comparative politics have significant difficulties with the classification of the EU as an actor of international politics. At the same time the EU international activities challenge not only the idea of superior role of the state in international relations but also the structure of international system. The article states that conceptualization of international actors should not contrast two levels of analyses – the internal condition of actor and the structure of international system, but treat them as being neutral. Based on suggestions of pluralistic approach, the article argues that primary burden of progress in the classification of the EU as an actor of international politics is due to one way interpretation of “structure and agents problem”. In this regard the constructivist idea of treating actor and structure as mutually constructive may be a useful starting point. Unlike attempts to consider the international activities of the EU as “state like” entity, this approach allows taking into account the EU integrative nature, which is characterized by the presence of individual features of the traditional international actors. Therefore, the concept of international actorness as an alternative to state-centered approaches may offer a theoretical and methodological framework for the understanding of different elements and building-blocks of the “EU as an international actor”. Interaction of variables of internal and external levels composes a harmonized system for evaluating the EU international activity.

  8. The urgency of outer territories anthropology

    Miloš Milenković

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In the context of transforming a part of Serbian anthropology into social theoretic management of identity, I suggest both comparative historiographic and ethnographic learning from societies with similar post-colonial experience, with the aim to include the discipline into an urgent defense of Serbia and Belgrade from further ethno-profiteering interests of elites in/from outer territories, left over on the ruins of our ill judged, resource incompatible, exaggerated or immoral twentieth century adventures. Serbian anthropology, written by anthropologists to whom Serbia and Belgrade are "homeland" by origin or civilized choice, should play the key role in the defense of Serbian citizens from the interest of elites in/from the outer "homelands", particularly by revealing the processes for which it is, as a discipline, most expert at – the professionalization of ethnicity, interactive and hybrid nature of identity, instrumental nature of tradition and the identity politics in general. Having in mind the latest attempt, a particularly successful one, conducted by the end of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st century that the lives, health, well-being, dignity and future of persons born in and loyal to the interest of Serbia and Belgrade, in large scale, thoroughly and long term be sacrificed and dedicated to the interests of ethno-profiteering elites in/from outer territories, in this article I point to the possibility to, along with the comparative learning from the above mentioned post-colonial experiences, delicate experiences of urgent anthropology be applied as well as the rich tradition of collective research. This text analyzes the results of first such research, that represenst the initial, praiseworthy and a brave step in the wise striving to engage social sciences and humanities in a search of expert and not mythical/daily-political solutions of the key problem of the Serbian nation – that of how to settle the interests of the

  9. Existential Concerns About Death

    Moestrup, Lene; Hansen, Helle Ploug

    2014-01-01

    psychology or Kübler-Ross’ theory about death stages. The complex concerns might be explained using Martin Heidegger’s phenomenological thinking. We aimed to illuminate dying patients´ existential concerns about the impending death through a descriptive analysis of semi-structured interviews with 17 cancer...... patients in Danish hospices. The main findings demonstrated how the patients faced the forthcoming death without being anxious of death but sorrowful about leaving life. Furthermore, patients expressed that they avoided thinking about death. However, some had reconstructed specific and positive ideas about...... afterlife and made accurate decisions for practical aspects of their death. The patients wished to focus on positive aspects in their daily life at hospice. It hereby seems important to have ongoing reflections and to include different theoretical perspectives when providing existential support to dying...

  10. Existential Concerns About Death

    Moestrup, Lene; Hansen, Helle Ploug

    2015-01-01

    psychology or Kübler-Ross’ theory about death stages. The complex concerns might be explained using Martin Heidegger’s phenomenological thinking. We aimed to illuminate dying patients´ existential concerns about the impending death through a descriptive analysis of semi-structured interviews with 17 cancer...... patients in Danish hospices. The main findings demonstrated how the patients faced the forthcoming death without being anxious of death but sorrowful about leaving life. Furthermore, patients expressed that they avoided thinking about death. However, some had reconstructed specific and positive ideas about...... afterlife and made accurate decisions for practical aspects of their death. The patients wished to focus on positive aspects in their daily life at hospice. It hereby seems important to have ongoing reflections and to include different theoretical perspectives when providing existential support to dying...

  11. Concern for older parts

    For the last half decade, regulatory expectations of the procurement process for nuclear commercial-grade safety-related materials have increase. The changes have been driven by concern for fraudulent or misrepresented parts and the loss of original equipment manufacturers. The industry responded to these concerns by developing improved procurement programs that changed how parts were specified and received and provided for verification of attributes that were critical to the successful performance of safety functions(s). Like its counterparts, Duquesne Light Company (DLCo), Beaver Valley power station began applying these enhanced requirements to procurements initiated after January 1, 1990, in response to the Nuclear Management and Resources Council initiative on dedication. Procurements prior to this data were not subject to the new requirements

  12. Body Image Concerns

    El Ansari, Walid; Dibba, Emily; Stock, Christiane

    2014-01-01

    AIMS: This cross-sectional study aimed to determine the socio-demographic, lifestyle and well-being variables that are associated with body image concerns (BIC) and whether these associations differed between female and male students. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey; 3,706 undergraduate students......, perceived health, depressive symptoms) on the other. RESULTS: More females (35%) than males (8%) reported being moderately or markedly concerned with their body image. For both genders, BIC was associated with a higher level of depressive symptoms and to variable extents, with nutrition and year...... (2,699 females, 765 males) from seven universities in the UK completed a self-administered questionnaire that assessed socio-demographic, lifestyle, well-being and BIC based on the Body Shape Questionnaire developed by Cooper et al. Multifactorial logistic regression analysis examined the odds ratios...

  13. The Question Concerning Thinking

    Riis, Søren

    2008-01-01

    Martin Heidegger's thought-provoking essay "The Question Concerning Technology" (1977a) placed technology at the heart of philosophy. Heidegger tried to show that the essence of technology provokes humans to think about the world in a very dangerous way. Yet if we follow Heidegger's analysis of...... technology, what role does that ascribe to philosophy? To be able to understand the programmatic scope of Heidegger's question ‘concerning' technology, we need to see it as inseparable from his famous thesis about the end of philosophy (1977c) and what he considers to be the ideal kind of thinking. However......, by doing so, we will in the end realize two important things. First, that Heidegger's declaration of the end of philosophy in fact also means the end of anything we can meaningfully call thinking. Second, that Heidegger's own thinking is completely different from his own ideal of thinking. Our...

  14. IMPORTANT CONCERN INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT

    SINTEA (ANGHEL) LUCICA

    2014-01-01

    The issue of probabilities, uncertainties and risks has concerned society since ancient times. By probability we can see the possible realization of an act or event under certain conditions. Uncertainty is caused by emotional status of the decision maker due to more subjective factors or to the knowledge to achieve an objective. Risk is a combination of the two elements characterized by a possible description of probabilities under insecurity uncertainty conditions.

  15. IMPORTANT CONCERN INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT

    SINTEA (ANGHEL LUCICA

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The issue of probabilities, uncertainties and risks has concerned society since ancient times. By probability we can see the possible realization of an act or event under certain conditions. Uncertainty is caused by emotional status of the decision maker due to more subjective factors or to the knowledge to achieve an objective. Risk is a combination of the two elements characterized by a possible description of probabilities under insecurity uncertainty conditions.

  16. Altruism and Career Concerns

    Shchetinin, Oleg

    2009-01-01

    The paper studies the impact of altruism on Agent’s motivation in the career concerns model. The paper shows the new channel of interaction between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. The common point in the literature is that intrinsic motivation can be crowded out by the extrinsic incentives. My paper shows that crowding effect can go in the opposite direction: extrinsic incentives can be lessened for the intrinsically motivated agent. The analysis shows that altruism can decrease effort, t...

  17. Territories, Identities and Jurisdictions at Issue: The Regulation of Land Rights at Reservation Cañamomo-Lomaprieta

    Gloria Patricia Lopera-Mesa

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we discuss ties between territoriality, and the construction of an indigenous identity and their own land-related judicial institutions, based on the case study on the indigenous community settled on reservation Cañamomo-Lomaprieta, located in the localities of Riosucio and Supía, department of Caldas, Colombia. With that aim, first of all, we explore the impact agrarian policies applied during the 20th century in Colombia have had on reconfiguring the identities and the judicial regime of land ownership, to continue to illustrate how they have left a trail of varied titles legalizing land ownership, and give evidence of the presence of distinct social actors mobilizing indigenous and mestizo identities to contest the judicial capital monopoly in the reserve’s social space.

  18. Evaluación ambiental estratégica: Instrumento para la planificación territorial urbana

    Mabel Ximena Molina Urra

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio tiene por finalidad relevar la Evaluación Ambiental Estratégica (EAE como una herramienta útil para la generación de los Instrumentos de Planificación Territorial en la Región de La Araucanía. Se identificaron y caracterizaron los distintos niveles de planificación urbana, según lo establecido por la Ley General de Urbanismo y Construcciones; contrastando el ingreso de estos al Sistema de Evaluación de Impacto Ambiental (SEIA definido en la Ley 19.300 de Bases del Medio Ambiente y su posterior modificación a través de la Ley 20.417. Para contrastar ambos procedimientos se desarrolló un proceso exploratorio descriptivo, utilizando tanto fuentes primarias, a través de la aplicación de entrevistas a actores claves como secundarios.

  19. The Path From Passivity Toward Entrepreneurship: Public Sector Actors in Brownfield Regeneration Processes in Central Eastern Europe

    Alexandrescu, F.; Martinat, S.; Klusa ek, P.; Bartke, S.

    2014-01-01

    Europeanization research dealing with the environmental transition in Eastern Europe has focused on the roles of state actors in adopting European regulations. Less well understood are the framings and roles of public administration actors when European Union regulations do not prescribe specific institutional changes. This article offers a micro perspective on the framings and roles of such actors in several cases of brownfield regeneration. Actors can play a proactive role, thereby fosterin...

  20. Actors influencing sense-making of ICT adoption in SMEs : The case of Zenergy AB

    Onicescu, Ana-Maria

    2015-01-01

    Background Every company nowadays needs to use ICT artifacts to cope with the business development. The adoption and use of ICT involves different actors who make sense of ICT in relation to their work environment. This thesis focuses on the relationships between the actors involved in SME’s ICT adoption and their influence upon the process. Purpose          The purpose of this thesis is to explore the interactions between different actors in the SME’s network and analyze how they influence t...

  1. Performance anxiety in actors: symptoms, explanations and an Indian approach to treatment

    Meyer-Dinkgräfe, Daniel; Nair, Sreenath; Proctor, Deborah Claire

    2012-01-01

    There are numerous examples of renowned performers across the arts (actors and musicians) and in sports, which become news items in the media due to their performance anxiety (also called stage fright in English, or Lampenfieber in German). Given the number of celebrity actors suffering from stage fright, the number of those actors who do not make the news headlines in relation to their stage fright but nevertheless suffer from it must be even higher. In t his essay we provide an up to da...

  2. THE ANALYSIS OF ACTORS IN THE MAKING OF THE BUDGET REVENUE OF REGIONAL COST

    Muhammad Saad

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article is the result of research on the analysis of the policy making of the budget revenues and shopping area of Makassar city fiscal year 2009. One part of this research use approach to the actors and the relationships between actors in policy making. Within the framework of the system of policy making of Budget income and Expenditure area (Budgets Makassar city, this research is the description of the analysis of the local government and actors People’s Representative Council District Makassar city as policy makers in making Grant Makassar city

  3. Forest planning at territory level: a methodological proposal

    Agnoloni S

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes goals and methodologies of the Land Plan for Forest and Natural Environment Management Guidance (PFTI stemming from the Ri.Selv.Italia national project (within the “Forest Land Planning” 4.2 subproject. The PFTI geographic range of application is at an intermediate level between single forest-management-unit-level plan and regional forest plans, and deals with forest and pastures resources management. PFTI’s main purposes concern forest resource and forest economy analysis and assessment of the benefits that can be provided to local population through a rational forest management, taking into account also the social structure and potential local conflicts. PFTI’s final task is then to weigh up all these issues in order to give specific participated forest management guidelines at a territorial scale. Unlike the forest-management-unit-level plan, whose specific duties are predetermined and fixed, the PFTI is not necessarily a mandatory plan. On the opposite, PFTI should suggest several specific silviculture guidelines and alternative management scenarios.

  4. Cohesion Policy Contributing to Territorial Cohesion – Future Scenarios

    Andreas Faludi

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The Barca Report advocates for developmental policies to be ‘place-based’: integrated as far as they affect ‘places’. The debate on territorial cohesion is equally concerned with integrating relevant policies and actions. This requires well-established democratic institutions and adequate responses to the demands of technical systems and of markets. Following Lisbeth Hooghe and Gary Marks, the respective arrangements are described as Governance Type I and Type II. All levels of government, including that of the EU, partake in both types, but relations between them are problematic, particularly in the context of Europe 2020: Will this EU strategy be mainly a matter for Directorate-Generals and their various clients pursuing their policies (Governance Type II, or will Cohesion policy, with its more integrated and decentralised approach, involving many levels of government and stakeholders (Governance Type I form platforms for integrating them? This paper presents four scenarios; each based on a combination of strong/weak Governance Type I and Type II, which are labelled as the ‘Anglo-Saxon’, ‘Saint-Simonian’, ‘Rhineland’ and the ‘European’ Scenarios. The authors prefer the latter, but the best one can hope for in the short term is for this option not to fall by the wayside.

  5. Representación territorial y democracia

    Diego Reynoso

    2004-01-01

    son una prueba del papel de los territorios en su sistema de representación legislativa. Los sistemas bicamerales permiten hacer frente al dilema de la representación democrática cuando los territorios, además de los ciudadanos, importan. En este trabajo, se explora la tensión normativa entre el principio 'una persona, un voto' de representación y el principio de representación de igualdad territorial existente (no sólo en los sistemas federales. Además, se presenta un análisis de los sistemas de representación bicameral conforme a estos dos criterios. Salvo excepciones (por ejemplo, Kymlica, 1996, la mayoría de la literatura previa, de una forma u otra ha juzgado patológica la existencia de criterios territoriales. En este trabajo se discute esa apreciación.

  6. Frontiers, territoriality and tensions in bordering spaces

    María Eugenia Comerci

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The expansión of the agricultural frontier in the Argentine pampas implied a re-valuation of "bordering" spaces, which were considered "marginal" by capital. This paper aims at interpreting the socio-territorial impact -from both a material and a symbolic level- being caused by the expansión of the productive, business-profile [agricultural and oil] frontier in the center-west of the province of La Pampa. With the interpretative approach provided by qualitative methodologies, we intend to analyze -in a case study- how these frontier expansión processes altered and re-defined the social arena between the years 2000 and 2010, the social construction of the space and the power relations in Chos Malal

  7. Social acceptability of new territorial development projects

    This paper reviews the historical evolution of environmental awareness over the last three decades. The aspects covered include: the growing economic interdependence of nations, the development of new technologies, the internationalization of human rights and the phenomenon of organized trans-nationalism. The paper then develops a framework of territorial development assessment criteria embodying the United Nation's approach towards sustainable growth in which the rights of the human individual to a healthy life in harmony with nature are placed at the forefront of all sustainable growth decision making. Examples of decisional processes during actual hearings to decide on the go-ahead of energy development projects in Italy (a district heating system and a combined cycle gas turbine power plant) are given to evidence optimum ways to have public participation and interaction with government and expert committees take place in line with the United Nation's approach towards development. An important element dealt with is how to optimize the dissemination and use of information

  8. Jihad: Warfare and Territorial Expansion in Islam

    Etim E. Okon

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the concept of jihad in Islamic tradition and theology, the study unveils the logical and hermeneutical presuppositions of Islam in upholding the doctrine of jihad in the 21st century. As a universalistic religion with the ultimate aim of converting the entire world and eliminating other religions, Islam uses jihad as the last option either in self- defence, or territorial expansion. Jihad may mean self-purification in theory, but for political Islam, it is a strategy to defeat the enemies of Islam through full armed confrontation. While some people are defending Islam as a religion of peace, global political Islam has adopted jihad as a platform for military confrontation with the enemies of Islam. The international community is facing a tough time in combating the militant agenda of political Islam.

  9. Which territorial governance for energy transition?

    The first part of this report proposes an overview of the present situation for climate-energy policies in France. It outlines the lack of transversality of local climate-energy policies which tend to be rather sector-oriented, the lack of coherence of these policies, their lack of efficiency due to a weak power of decision of local communities and to their lack of financial means, and the fact that the territorial organisation is not well adapted to climate-energy stakes. The second part presents and comments a set of proposals: to strengthen the region and the inter-communal levels, to give to local communities political and legal means of action, to reinforce human and financial means dedicated to energy transition, and to strengthen survey, follow-up and assessment missions

  10. Sporotrichosis from the Northern Territory of Australia

    Subedi, Shradha; Kidd, Sarah E.; Baird, Robert W.; Coatsworth, Nicholas; Ralph, Anna P.

    2014-01-01

    We report three cases of lymphocutaneous infection caused by the thermally dimorphic fungus, Sporothrix schenckii from Australia's tropical Northern Territory. Two cases were acquired locally, making them the first to be reported from this region. All three cases presented with ulceration in the limb; however, the classical sporotrichoid spread was present only in the first two cases. Their occurrence within several weeks of each other was suggestive of a common source of environmental contamination such as hay used as garden mulch. Diagnoses were delayed in each case, with each patient having substantial exposure to ineffective antibiotics before the correct diagnosis was made. These cases bring the total number of reported sporotrichosis cases in Australia since 1951 to 199. Lessons from these cases are to consider the diagnosis of sporotrichosis in lesions of typical appearance, even in geographical settings from where this pathogen has not previously been reported. PMID:25200259

  11. Wave power potential in Malaysian territorial waters

    Asmida Mohd Nasir, Nor; Maulud, Khairul Nizam Abdul

    2016-06-01

    Up until today, Malaysia has used renewable energy technology such as biomass, solar and hydro energy for power generation and co-generation in palm oil industries and also for the generation of electricity, yet, we are still far behind other countries which have started to optimize waves for similar production. Wave power is a renewable energy (RE) transported by ocean waves. It is very eco-friendly and is easily reachable. This paper presents an assessment of wave power potential in Malaysian territorial waters including waters of Sabah and Sarawak. In this research, data from Malaysia Meteorology Department (MetMalaysia) is used and is supported by a satellite imaginary obtained from National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and Malaysia Remote Sensing Agency (ARSM) within the time range of the year 1992 until 2007. There were two types of analyses conducted which were mask analysis and comparative analysis. Mask analysis of a research area is the analysis conducted to filter restricted and sensitive areas. Meanwhile, comparative analysis is an analysis conducted to determine the most potential area for wave power generation. Four comparative analyses which have been carried out were wave power analysis, comparative analysis of wave energy power with the sea topography, hot-spot area analysis and comparative analysis of wave energy with the wind speed. These four analyses underwent clipping processes using Geographic Information System (GIS) to obtain the final result. At the end of this research, the most suitable area to develop a wave energy converter was found, which is in the waters of Terengganu and Sarawak. Besides that, it was concluded that the average potential energy that can be generated in Malaysian territorial waters is between 2.8kW/m to 8.6kW/m.

  12. Ordenamiento territorial : enfoques y desafíos regionales

    Duque Escobar, Gonzalo

    2011-01-01

    Con la nueva Ley, evoluciona el proceso de desarrollo territorial en Colombia al ofrecer formas de integración y posibilitar alianzas estratégicas entre los entes territoriales. Lo importante ahora cuando empieza un nuevo ciclo en materia del ordenamiento territorial, es aprovechar este instrumento para adecuarlo a las necesidades de la conurbación del Eje Cafetero.

  13. The Architecture of the Territorial Indexes through the Standardisation Method

    Gabriela OPAIT

    2013-01-01

    This research reflects the importance in statistics of the territorial indexes numbers which express the dynamic of the statistical variables in territorial profile. The purpose of this paper consists in to reflect over of the economic life, how we will can to apply some important standardization methods, such as Iughenburgh method, Kazineţ method named the standard coefficients method and Peregudov method.

  14. EU Territorial Impact Assessment: Under what Conditions?: Final report

    Zonneveld, W.; Waterhout, B.

    2009-01-01

    Report Commissioned by the Ministry of VROM. Since the start of the making of the ESDP, back in 1989, there has been interest in a ‘Territorial impact assessment’. This interest has been revamped now that the Territorial Cohesion green paper is out. Yet, at the EU level there is still little guidanc

  15. Urban-rural linkages enhancing European territorial competitiveness: background paper

    Davidson, Gill

    2008-01-01

    This background paper provides the context for the seminar on urban-rural linkages enhancing European territorial competitiveness, to be held by DG REGIO on 17th September 2008. This seminar forms part of an ongoing debate at European level on the importance of urban-rural linkages for territorial competitiveness, and on appropriate support mechanisms to assist these developments in Member States.

  16. Model of Cs-137 redistribution by Lira objects territory

    In this work the approach of Cs-137 redistribution model on the Lira objects territory is proposed.The peculiarity of this approach is testing of results by the way of comparison with measured values of Lira objects territory contamination, assessment of integral radionuclide stocks in soil, and, lastly, radionuclides migration mechanisms both by a soil surface and a soil depth ward

  17. Territorial autonomy, energy resources administration and regalia regime in Colombia

    The paper includes topics like the territorial organization in Colombia, the energy administration, the organization of the Colombian system of regalia, options of the not-renewable natural resources administration, reorganization of the Colombian system of regalia, articulation to the territorial organization of the country and an administration proposal is made

  18. 27 CFR 478.117 - Function outside a customs territory.

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Function outside a customs... Importation § 478.117 Function outside a customs territory. In the insular possessions of the United States outside customs territory, the functions performed by U.S. Customs officers under this subpart within...

  19. 19 CFR 146.61 - Constructive transfer to Customs territory.

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Constructive transfer to Customs territory. 146.61 Section 146.61 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY... Constructive transfer to Customs territory. The port director shall accept receipt of any entry in proper...

  20. Individual quality explains variation in reproductive success better than territory quality in a long-lived territorial raptor.

    Jabi Zabala

    Full Text Available Evolution by natural selection depends on the relationship between individual traits and fitness. Variation in individual fitness can result from habitat (territory quality and individual variation. Individual quality and specialization can have a deep impact on fitness, yet in most studies on territorial species the quality of territory and individuals are confused. We aimed to determine if variation in breeding success is better explained by territories, individual quality or a combination of both. We analysed the number of fledglings and the breeding quality index (the difference between the number of fledglings of an individual/breeding pair and the average number of fledglings of the monitored territories in the same year as part of a long term (16 years peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus monitoring program with identification of individuals. Using individual and territory identities as correlates of quality, we built Generalised Linear Models with Mixed effects, in which random factors depicted different hypotheses for sources of variation (territory/individual quality in the reproductive success of unique breeding pairs, males and females, and assessed their performance. Most evidence supported the hypothesis that variation in breeding success is explained by individual identity, particularly male identity, rather than territory. There is also some evidence for inter year variations in the breeding success of females and a territory effect in the case of males. We argue that, in territorial species, individual quality is a major source of variation in breeding success, often masked by territory. Future ecological and conservation studies on habitat use should consider and include the effect of individuals, in order to avoid misleading results.