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Sample records for actinium k

  1. Production of Actinium-225 via High Energy Proton Induced Spallation of Thorium-232

    The science of cancer research is currently expanding its use of alpha particle emitting radioisotopes. Coupled with the discovery and proliferation of molecular species that seek out and attach to tumors, new therapy and diagnostics are being developed to enhance the treatment of cancer and other diseases. This latest technology is commonly referred to as Alpha Immunotherapy (AIT). Actinium-225/Bismuth-213 is a parent/daughter alpha-emitting radioisotope pair that is highly sought after because of the potential for treating numerous diseases and its ability to be chemically compatible with many known and widely used carrier molecules (such as monoclonal antibodies and proteins/peptides). Unfortunately, the worldwide supply of actinium-225 is limited to about 1,000mCi annually and most of that is currently spoken for, thus limiting the ability of this radioisotope pair to enter into research and subsequently clinical trials. The route proposed herein utilizes high energy protons to produce actinium-225 via spallation of a thorium-232 target. As part of previous R and D efforts carried out at Argonne National Laboratory recently in support of the proposed US FRIB facility, it was shown that a very effective production mechanism for actinium-225 is spallation of thorium-232 by high energy proton beams. The base-line simulation for the production rate of actinium-225 by this reaction mechanism is 8E12 atoms per second at 200 MeV proton beam energy with 50 g/cm2 thorium target and 100 kW beam power. An irradiation of one actinium-225 half-life (10 days) produces ∼100 Ci of actinium-225. For a given beam current the reaction cross section increases slightly with energy to about 400 MeV and then decreases slightly for beam energies in the several GeV regime. The object of this effort is to refine the simulations at proton beam energies of 400 MeV and above up to about 8 GeV. Once completed, the simulations will be experimentally verified using 400 MeV and 8 GeV protons

  2. Production of Actinium-225 via High Energy Proton Induced Spallation of Thorium-232

    Harvey, James T.; Nolen, Jerry; Vandergrift, George; Gomes, Itacil; Kroc, Tom; Horwitz, Phil; McAlister, Dan; Bowers, Del; Sullivan, Vivian; Greene, John

    2011-12-30

    The science of cancer research is currently expanding its use of alpha particle emitting radioisotopes. Coupled with the discovery and proliferation of molecular species that seek out and attach to tumors, new therapy and diagnostics are being developed to enhance the treatment of cancer and other diseases. This latest technology is commonly referred to as Alpha Immunotherapy (AIT). Actinium-225/Bismuth-213 is a parent/daughter alpha-emitting radioisotope pair that is highly sought after because of the potential for treating numerous diseases and its ability to be chemically compatible with many known and widely used carrier molecules (such as monoclonal antibodies and proteins/peptides). Unfortunately, the worldwide supply of actinium-225 is limited to about 1,000mCi annually and most of that is currently spoken for, thus limiting the ability of this radioisotope pair to enter into research and subsequently clinical trials. The route proposed herein utilizes high energy protons to produce actinium-225 via spallation of a thorium-232 target. As part of previous R and D efforts carried out at Argonne National Laboratory recently in support of the proposed US FRIB facility, it was shown that a very effective production mechanism for actinium-225 is spallation of thorium-232 by high energy proton beams. The base-line simulation for the production rate of actinium-225 by this reaction mechanism is 8E12 atoms per second at 200 MeV proton beam energy with 50 g/cm2 thorium target and 100 kW beam power. An irradiation of one actinium-225 half-life (10 days) produces {approx}100 Ci of actinium-225. For a given beam current the reaction cross section increases slightly with energy to about 400 MeV and then decreases slightly for beam energies in the several GeV regime. The object of this effort is to refine the simulations at proton beam energies of 400 MeV and above up to about 8 GeV. Once completed, the simulations will be experimentally verified using 400 MeV and 8 Ge

  3. Extraction of actinium with di-(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid from hydrochloric and nitric acid solutions

    The extraction of actinium with HDEHP from Cl- and NO3- systems has been investigated. It was found that extraction of actinium from HCl solutions is much better than from HNO3 solutions. Stability constants of actinium complexes Ac(X-)+2 with Cl- and NO3- ligands were determined. Our results show that the actinium formed less stable complexes with Cl- than with NO3- ligands. 5 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab. (author)

  4. The sorption of polonium, actinium and protactinium onto geological materials

    This paper describes a combined experimental and modeling program of generic sorption studies to increase confidence in the performance assessment for a potential high-level radioactive waste repository in Japan. The sorption of polonium, actinium and protactinium onto geological materials has been investigated. Sorption of these radioelements onto bentonite, tuff and granodiorite from equilibrated de-ionized water was studied under reducing conditions at room temperature. In addition, the sorption of actinium and protactinium was investigated at 60 C. Thermodynamic chemical modeling was carried out to aid interpretation of the results

  5. Separation of Actinium 227 from the uranium minerals

    The purpose of this work was to separate Actinium 227, whose content is 18%, from the mineral carnotite found in Gomez Chihuahua mountain range in Mexico. The mineral before processing is is pre-concentrated and passed, first through anionic exchange resins, later the eluate obtained is passed through cationic resins. The resins were 20-50 MESH QOWEX and 100-200 MESH 50 X 8-20 in some cased 200-400 MESH AG 50W-X8, 1X8 in other cases. The eluates from the ionic exchange were electrodeposited on stainless steel polished disc cathode and platinum electrode as anode; under a current ODF 10mA for 2.5 to 5 hours and of 100mA for .5 of an hour. it was possible to identify the Actinium 227 by means of its descendents, TH-227 and RA-223, through alpha spectroscopy. Due to the radiochemical purity which the electro deposits were obtained the Actinium 227 was low and was not quantitatively determined. A large majority of the members of the natural radioactive series 3 were identified and even alpha energies reported in the literature with very low percentages of non-identified emissions were observed. We conclude that a more precise study is needed concerning ionic exchange and electrodeposit to obtain an Actinium 227 of radiochemical purity. (Author)

  6. Spectroscopic and computational investigation of actinium coordination chemistry.

    Ferrier, Maryline G; Batista, Enrique R; Berg, John M; Birnbaum, Eva R; Cross, Justin N; Engle, Jonathan W; La Pierre, Henry S; Kozimor, Stosh A; Lezama Pacheco, Juan S; Stein, Benjamin W; Stieber, S Chantal E; Wilson, Justin J

    2016-01-01

    Actinium-225 is a promising isotope for targeted-α therapy. Unfortunately, progress in developing chelators for medicinal applications has been hindered by a limited understanding of actinium chemistry. This knowledge gap is primarily associated with handling actinium, as it is highly radioactive and in short supply. Hence, Ac(III) reactivity is often inferred from the lanthanides and minor actinides (that is, Am, Cm), with limited success. Here we overcome these challenges and characterize actinium in HCl solutions using X-ray absorption spectroscopy and molecular dynamics density functional theory. The Ac-Cl and Ac-OH2O distances are measured to be 2.95(3) and 2.59(3) Å, respectively. The X-ray absorption spectroscopy comparisons between Ac(III) and Am(III) in HCl solutions indicate Ac(III) coordinates more inner-sphere Cl(1-) ligands (3.2±1.1) than Am(III) (0.8±0.3). These results imply diverse reactivity for the +3 actinides and highlight the unexpected and unique Ac(III) chemical behaviour. PMID:27531582

  7. Discovery of the actinium, thorium, protactinium, and uranium isotopes

    Fry, C; Thoennessen, M

    2012-01-01

    Currently, 31 actinium, 31 thorium, 28 protactinium, and 23 uranium isotopes have so far been observed; the discovery of these isotopes is discussed. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  8. Production of high-purity radium-223 from legacy actinium-beryllium neutron sources.

    Soderquist, Chuck Z; McNamara, Bruce K; Fisher, Darrell R

    2012-07-01

    Radium-223 is a short-lived alpha-particle-emitting radionuclide with potential applications in cancer treatment. Research to develop new radiopharmaceuticals employing (223)Ra has been hindered by poor availability due to the small quantities of parent actinium-227 available world-wide. The purpose of this study was to develop innovative and cost-effective methods to obtain high-purity (223)Ra from (227)Ac. We obtained (227)Ac from two surplus actinium-beryllium neutron generators. We retrieved the actinium/beryllium buttons from the sources and dissolved them in a sulfuric-nitric acid solution. A crude actinium solid was recovered from the solution by coprecipitation with thorium fluoride, leaving beryllium in solution. The crude actinium was purified to provide about 40 milligrams of actinium nitrate using anion exchange in methanol-water-nitric acid solution. The purified actinium was then used to generate high-purity (223)Ra. We extracted (223)Ra using anion exchange in a methanol-water-nitric acid solution. After the radium was separated, actinium and thorium were then eluted from the column and dried for interim storage. This single-pass separation produces high purity, carrier-free (223)Ra product, and does not disturb the (227)Ac/(227)Th equilibrium. A high purity, carrier-free (227)Th was also obtained from the actinium using a similar anion exchange in nitric acid. These methods enable efficient production of (223)Ra for research and new alpha-emitter radiopharmaceutical development. PMID:22697483

  9. Radium, thorium, and actinium extraction from seawater using an improved manganese-oxide-coated fiber

    Laboratory experiments were conducted to determine the efficiency with which improved manganese-oxide-coated acrylic fibers extract radium, thorium, and actinium from seawater. Tests were made using surface seawater spiked with 227Ac, 227Th and 223Ra. For sample volumes of approximately 30 liters and flow rates up to 0.5 liters per minute, radium and actinium are removed quantitatively. Approximately 80-95% of the thorium is removed under these same conditions. (Auth.)

  10. Neutron-Induced Fission of Actinium-227, Protactinium-231 and Neptunium-237: Mass Distribution

    Results of radiochemical studies on the mass distribution in the neutron-induced fission of actinium-227, protactinium-231 and neptunium-237 have been presented. This work has been carried out as part of a programme to determine the mass distribution in the fission of heavy elements as a function of Z and A. All irradiations have been carried out in the core of the swimming-pool type reactor APSARA with cadmium shielding wherever necessary. Relative yields of several fission product nuclides have been obtained by a method involving a comparison of the fission product activities from the respective targets with those formed from uranium-235 simultaneously irradiated. Thermal-neutron fission yields of uranium-235 have been assumed. These results indicate a predominantly asymmetric mass distribution in all the three cases, and also a distinct though small symmetric peak in the case of actinium-227. (author)

  11. A new method for the determination of low-level actinium-227 in geological samples

    We developed a new method for the determination of 227Ac in geological samples. The method uses extraction chromatographic techniques and alpha-spectrometry and is applicable for a range of natural matrices. Here we report on the procedure and results of the analysis of water (fresh and seawater) and rock samples. Water samples were acidified and rock samples underwent total dissolution via acid leaching. A DGA (N,N,N',N'-tetra-n-octyldiglycolamide) extraction chromatographic column was used for the separation of actinium. The actinium fraction was prepared for alpha spectrometric measurement via cerium fluoride micro-precipitation. Recoveries of actinium in water samples were 80 ± 8 % (number of analyses n = 14) and in rock samples 70 ± 12 % (n = 30). The minimum detectable activities (MDA) were 0.017-0.5 Bq kg-1 for both matrices. Rock sample 227Ac activities ranged from 0.17 to 8.3 Bq kg-1 and water sample activities ranged from below MDA values to 14 Bq kg-1of 227Ac. From the analysis of several standard rock and water samples with the method we found very good agreement between our results and certified values. (author)

  12. Analysis of the gamma spectra of the uranium, actinium, and thorium decay series

    Momeni, M.H.

    1981-09-01

    This report describes the identification of radionuclides in the uranium, actinium, and thorium series by analysis of gamma spectra in the energy range of 40 to 1400 keV. Energies and absolute efficiencies for each gamma line were measured by means of a high-resolution germanium detector and compared with those in the literature. A gamma spectroscopy method, which utilizes an on-line computer for deconvolution of spectra, search and identification of each line, and estimation of activity for each radionuclide, was used to analyze soil and uranium tailings, and ore.

  13. Analysis of the gamma spectra of the uranium, actinium, and thorium decay series

    This report describes the identification of radionuclides in the uranium, actinium, and thorium series by analysis of gamma spectra in the energy range of 40 to 1400 keV. Energies and absolute efficiencies for each gamma line were measured by means of a high-resolution germanium detector and compared with those in the literature. A gamma spectroscopy method, which utilizes an on-line computer for deconvolution of spectra, search and identification of each line, and estimation of activity for each radionuclide, was used to analyze soil and uranium tailings, and ore

  14. In-source laser spectroscopy developments at TRILIS—towards spectroscopy on actinium and scandium

    Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Sources (RILIS) have become a versatile tool for production and study of exotic nuclides at Isotope Separator On-Line (ISOL) facilities such as ISAC at TRIUMF. The recent development and addition of a grating tuned spectroscopy laser to the TRIUMF RILIS solid state laser system allows for wide range spectral scans to investigate atomic structures on short lived isotopes, e.g., those from the element actinium, produced in uranium targets at ISAC. In addition, development of new and improved laser ionization schemes for rare isotope production at ISAC is ongoing. Here spectroscopic studies on bound states, Rydberg states and autoionizing (AI) resonances on scandium using the existing off-line capabilities are reported. These results allowed to identify a suitable ionization scheme for scandium via excitation into an autoionizing state at 58,104 cm − 1 which has subsequently been used for ionization of on-line produced exotic scandium isotopes.

  15. Developments towards in-gas-jet laser spectroscopy studies of actinium isotopes at LISOL

    Raeder, S.; Bastin, B.; Block, M.; Creemers, P.; Delahaye, P.; Ferrer, R.; Fléchard, X.; Franchoo, S.; Ghys, L.; Gaffney, L. P.; Granados, C.; Heinke, R.; Hijazi, L.; Huyse, M.; Kron, T.; Kudryavtsev, Yu.; Laatiaoui, M.; Lecesne, N.; Luton, F.; Moore, I. D.; Martinez, Y.; Mogilevskiy, E.; Naubereit, P.; Piot, J.; Rothe, S.; Savajols, H.; Sels, S.; Sonnenschein, V.; Traykov, E.; Van Beveren, C.; Van den Bergh, P.; Van Duppen, P.; Wendt, K.; Zadvornaya, A.

    2016-06-01

    To study exotic nuclides at the borders of stability with laser ionization and spectroscopy techniques, highest efficiencies in combination with a high spectral resolution are required. These usually opposing requirements are reconciled by applying the in-gas-laser ionization and spectroscopy (IGLIS) technique in the supersonic gas jet produced by a de Laval nozzle installed at the exit of the stopping gas cell. Carrying out laser ionization in the low-temperature and low density supersonic gas jet eliminates pressure broadening, which will significantly improve the spectral resolution. This article presents the required modifications at the Leuven Isotope Separator On-Line (LISOL) facility that are needed for the first on-line studies of in-gas-jet laser spectroscopy. Different geometries for the gas outlet and extraction ion guides have been tested for their performance regarding the acceptance of laser ionized species as well as for their differential pumping capacities. The specifications and performance of the temporarily installed high repetition rate laser system, including a narrow bandwidth injection-locked Ti:sapphire laser, are discussed and first preliminary results on neutron-deficient actinium isotopes are presented indicating the high capability of this novel technique.

  16. Groundwater seepage from the Ranger uranium mine tailings dam: radioisotopes of radium, thorium and actinium. Supervising Scientist report 106

    Monitoring of bores near the Ranger uranium mine tailings dam has revealed deterioration in water quality in several bores since 1983. In a group of bores to the north of the dam, increases have been observed of up to 500 times for sulphate concentrations and of up to 5 times for 226Ra concentrations. Results are presented here of measurements of members of the uranium, thorium and actinium decay series in borewater samples collected between 1985 and 1993. In particular, measurements of all four naturally-occurring radium isotopes have been used in an investigation of the mechanism of radium concentration changes. For the most seepage-affected bores the major findings of the study include: 228Ra/226Ra 223Ra /226Ra and 224Ra/228Ra ratios all increased over the course of the study; barium concentrations show high seasonal variability, being lower in November than May, but strontium concentrations show a steady increase with time. Calculations show that the groundwater is probably saturated with respect to barite but not with respect to celestite or anglesite; sulphide concentrations are low in comparison with sulphate, and are higher in November than in May; and 227Ac concentrations have increased with time, but do not account for the high 223Ra/226Ra ratios. It is concluded on the basis of these observations that increases in Ra isotope concentrations observed in a number of seepage-affected bores arise from increases in salinity leading to desorption of radium from adsorption sites in the vicinity of the bore rather by direct transport of radium from the tailings. Increased salinity is also causing the observed increases in 227Ac and strontium concentrations, while formation of a barite solid phase in the groundwater is causing the removal of some radium from solution. This is the cause of the increasing radium isotope ratios noted above

  17. Linear free energy relationship applied to trivalent cations with lanthanum and actinium oxide and hydroxide structure

    Linear free energy relationships for trivalent cations with crystalline M2O3 and, M(OH)3 phases of lanthanides and actinides were developed from known thermodynamic properties of the aqueous trivalent cations, modifying the Sverjensky and Molling equation. The linear free energy relationship for trivalent cations is as ΔGf,MvX0=aMvXΔGn,M3+0+bMvX+βMvXrM3+, where the coefficients aMvX, bMvX, and βMvX characterize a particular structural family of MvX, rM3+ is the ionic radius of M3+ cation, ΔGf,MvX0 is the standard Gibbs free energy of formation of MvX and ΔGn,M3+0 is the standard non-solvation free energy of the cation. The coefficients for the oxide family are: aMvX=0.2705, bMvX=-1984.75 (kJ/mol), and βMvX=197.24 (kJ/molnm). The coefficients for the hydroxide family are: aMvX=0.1587, bMvX=-1474.09 (kJ/mol), and βMvX=791.70 (kJ/molnm).

  18. Purification of selenium from thorium, uranium, radium, actinium and potassium impurities for low background measurements

    A technique of selenium purification from 232Th, 238U, 226,228Ra, 227Ac and 40K was developed. This technique is simple to perform and employs a minimum number of highly pure reagents (bidistilled water, nitric acid). Operations carried out during purification (elution, evaporation) practically exclude losses of the target product (chemical yields of Se > 99%). A test purification of 100 g of selenium was carried out using this technique. The efficiency of this technique was confirmed by low background gamma spectrometry of the purified selenium sample. Distribution coefficients of Th, U, Ra and Ac on DOWEX 50W- x 8 cation-exchange resin at different concentrations of selenium and nitric acid were experimentally determinated. Instrumental neutron activation analysis of bidistilled water, deionized water and nitric acid was performed. (orig.)

  19. Purification of selenium from thorium, uranium, radium, actinium and potassium impurities for low background measurements

    Rakhimov, A.V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna (Russian Federation); Uzbek Academy of Sciences, Tashkent (Uzbekistan). Inst. of Nuclear Physics (INP AS RUz); Warot, G. [CEA-CNRS, Modane (France). Laboratoire Souterrain de Modane (LSM); Karaivanov, D.V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna (Russian Federation); Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy (INRNE), Sofia (Bulgaria); Kochetov, O.I.; Lebedev, N.A.; Filosofov, D.V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna (Russian Federation); Mukhamedshina, N.M.; Sadikov, I.I. [Uzbek Academy of Sciences, Tashkent (Uzbekistan). Inst. of Nuclear Physics (INP AS RUz)

    2013-07-01

    A technique of selenium purification from {sup 232}Th, {sup 238}U, {sup 226,228}Ra, {sup 227}Ac and {sup 40}K was developed. This technique is simple to perform and employs a minimum number of highly pure reagents (bidistilled water, nitric acid). Operations carried out during purification (elution, evaporation) practically exclude losses of the target product (chemical yields of Se > 99%). A test purification of 100 g of selenium was carried out using this technique. The efficiency of this technique was confirmed by low background gamma spectrometry of the purified selenium sample. Distribution coefficients of Th, U, Ra and Ac on DOWEX 50W- x 8 cation-exchange resin at different concentrations of selenium and nitric acid were experimentally determinated. Instrumental neutron activation analysis of bidistilled water, deionized water and nitric acid was performed. (orig.)

  20. Renal uptake of bismuth-213 and its contribution to kidney radiation dose following administration of actinium-225-labeled antibody

    Schwartz, J; O' Donoghue, J A; Humm, J L [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Jaggi, J S [Bristol-Myers Squibb, Plainsboro, NJ (United States); Ruan, S; Larson, S M [Nuclear Medicine Service Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065 (United States); McDevitt, M; Scheinberg, D A, E-mail: schwarj1@mskcc.org [Molecular Pharmacology and Chemistry, Sloan-Kettering Institute, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065 (United States)

    2011-02-07

    Clinical therapeutic studies using {sup 225}Ac-labeled antibodies have begun. Of major concern is renal toxicity that may result from the three alpha-emitting progeny generated following the decay of {sup 225}Ac. The purpose of this study was to determine the amount of {sup 225}Ac and non-equilibrium progeny in the mouse kidney after the injection of {sup 225}Ac-huM195 antibody and examine the dosimetric consequences. Groups of mice were sacrificed at 24, 96 and 144 h after injection with {sup 225}Ac-huM195 antibody and kidneys excised. One kidney was used for gamma ray spectroscopic measurements by a high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector. The second kidney was used to generate frozen tissue sections which were examined by digital autoradiography (DAR). Two measurements were performed on each kidney specimen: (1) immediately post-resection and (2) after sufficient time for any non-equilibrium excess {sup 213}Bi to decay completely. Comparison of these measurements enabled estimation of the amount of excess {sup 213}Bi reaching the kidney ({gamma}-ray spectroscopy) and its sub-regional distribution (DAR). The average absorbed dose to whole kidney, determined by spectroscopy, was 0.77 (SD 0.21) Gy kBq{sup -1}, of which 0.46 (SD 0.16) Gy kBq{sup -1} (i.e. 60%) was due to non-equilibrium excess {sup 213}Bi. The relative contributions to renal cortex and medulla were determined by DAR. The estimated dose to the cortex from non-equilibrium excess {sup 213}Bi (0.31 (SD 0.11) Gy kBq{sup -1}) represented {approx}46% of the total. For the medulla the dose contribution from excess {sup 213}Bi (0.81 (SD 0.28) Gy kBq{sup -1}) was {approx}80% of the total. Based on these estimates, for human patients we project a kidney-absorbed dose of 0.28 Gy MBq{sup -1} following administration of {sup 225}Ac-huM195 with non-equilibrium excess {sup 213}Bi responsible for approximately 60% of the total. Methods to reduce renal accumulation of radioactive progeny appear to be necessary for the

  1. Vitamin K

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  4. Congruences involving $\\binom{4k}{2k}$ and $\\binom{3k}k$

    Sun, Zhi-Hong

    2011-01-01

    Let $p$ be a prime greater than 3. In the paper we mainly determine $\\sum_{k=0}^{[p/4]}\\binom{4k}{2k}(-1)^k$, $\\sum_{k=0}^{[p/3]}\\binom{3k}k, \\sum_{k=0}^{[p/3]}\\binom{3k}k(-1)^k$ and $\\sum_{k=0}^{[p/3]}\\binom{3k}k(-3)^k$ modulo $p$, where $[x]$ is the greatest integer not exceeding $x$.

  5. Unsatisfiable (k,(4*2^k/k))-CNF formulas

    Gebauer, Heidi

    2008-01-01

    A boolean formula in a conjuctive normal form is called a (k,s)-formula if every clause contains exactly k variables and every variable occurs in at most s clauses. We prove the existence of a (k, 4 * (2^k/k))-CNF formula which is unsatisfiable.

  6. Experimental study of psi ' decays to K+K- pi(0) and K+K-eta

    Ablikim, M.; Achasov, M. N.; Albayrak, O.; Ambrose, D. J.; An, F. F.; An, Q.; Bai, J. Z.; Ban, Y.; Becker, J.; Bennett, J. V.; Bertani, M.; Bian, J. M.; Boger, E.; Bondarenko, O.; Boyko, I.; Briere, R. A.; Bytev, V.; Cai, X.; Cakir, O.; Calcaterra, A.; Cao, G. F.; Cetin, S. A.; Chang, J. F.; Chelkov, G.; Chen, G.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, M. L.; Chen, S. J.; Chen, Y. B.; Cheng, H. P.; Chu, Y. P.; Cronin-Hennessy, D.; Dai, H. L.; Dai, J. P.; Dedovich, D.; Deng, Z. Y.; Denig, A.; Denysenko, I.; Destefanis, M.; Ding, W. M.; Ding, Y.; Dong, L. Y.; Dong, M. Y.; Du, S. X.; Fang, J.; Fang, S. S.; Fava, L.; Feldbauer, F.; Feng, C. Q.; Ferroli, R. B.; Fu, C. D.; Fu, J. L.; Gao, Y.; Geng, C.; Goetzen, K.; Gong, W. X.; Gradl, W.; Greco, M.; Gu, M. H.; Gu, Y. T.; Guan, Y. H.; Guo, A. Q.; Guo, L. B.; Guo, Y. P.; Han, Y. L.; Harris, F. A.; He, K. L.; He, M.; He, Z. Y.; Held, T.; Heng, Y. K.; Hou, Z. L.; Hu, H. M.; Hu, T.; Huang, G. M.; Huang, G. S.; Huang, J. S.; Huang, X. T.; Huang, Y. P.; Hussain, T.; Ji, C. S.; Ji, Q.; Ji, Q. P.; Ji, X. B.; Ji, X. L.; Jiang, L. L.; Jiang, X. S.; Jiao, J. B.; Jiao, Z.; Jin, D. P.; Jin, S.; Jing, F. F.; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.; Kavatsyuk, M.; Kuehn, W.; Lai, W.; Lange, J. S.; Li, C. H.; Li, Cheng; Li, Cui; Li, D. M.; Li, F.; Li, G.; Li, H. B.; Li, J. C.; Li, K.; Li, Lei; Li, Q. J.; Li, S. L.; Li, W. D.; Li, W. G.; Li, X. L.; Li, X. N.; Li, X. Q.; Li, X. R.; Li, Z. B.; Liang, H.; Liang, Y. F.; Liang, Y. T.; Liao, G. R.; Liao, X. T.; Liu, B. J.; Liu, C. L.; Liu, C. X.; Liu, C. Y.; Liu, F. H.; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H.; Liu, H. H.; Liu, H. M.; Liu, H. W.; Liu, J. P.; Liu, K. Y.; Liu, Kai; Liu, P. L.; Liu, Q.; Liu, S. B.; Liu, X.; Liu, Y. B.; Liu, Z. A.; Liu, Zhiqiang; Liu, Zhiqing; Loehner, H.; Lu, G. R.; Lu, H. J.; Lu, J. G.; Lu, Q. W.; Lu, X. R.; Lu, Y. P.; Luo, C. L.; Luo, M. X.; Luo, T.; Luo, X. L.; Lv, M.; Ma, C. L.; Ma, F. C.; Ma, H. L.; Ma, Q. M.; Ma, S.; Ma, T.; Ma, X. Y.; Ma, Y.; Maas, F. E.; Maggiora, M.; Malik, Q. A.; Mao, Y. J.; Mao, Z. P.; Messchendorp, J. G.; Min, J.; Min, T. J.; Mitchell, R. E.; Mo, X. H.; Morales, C. Morales; Motzko, C.; Muchnoi, N. Yu.; Muramatsu, H.; Nefedov, Y.; Nicholson, C.; Nikolaev, I. B.; Ning, Z.; Olsen, S. L.; Ouyang, Q.; Pacetti, S.; Park, J. W.; Pelizaeus, M.; Peng, H. P.; Peters, K.; Ping, J. L.; Ping, R. G.; Poling, R.; Prencipe, E.; Qi, M.; Qian, S.; Qiao, C. F.; Qin, X. S.; Qin, Y.; Qin, Z. H.; Qiu, J. F.; Rashid, K. H.; Rong, G.; Ruan, X. D.; Sarantsev, A.; Schaefer, B. D.; Schulze, J.; Shao, M.; Shen, C. P.; Shen, X. Y.; Sheng, H. Y.; Shepherd, M. R.; Song, X. Y.; Spataro, S.; Spruck, B.; Sun, D. H.; Sun, G. X.; Sun, J. F.; Sun, S. S.; Sun, Y. J.; Sun, Y. Z.; Sun, Z. J.; Sun, Z. T.; Tang, C. J.; Tang, X.; Tapan, I.; Thorndike, E. H.; Toth, D.; Ullrich, M.; Varner, G. S.; Wang, B.; Wang, B. Q.; Wang, K.; Wang, L. L.; Wang, L. S.; Wang, M.; Wang, P.; Wang, P. L.; Wang, Q.; Wang, Q. J.; Wang, S. G.; Wang, X. L.; Wang, Y. D.; Wang, Y. F.; Wang, Y. Q.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z. G.; Wang, Z. Y.; Wei, D. H.; Weidenkaff, P.; Wen, Q. G.; Wen, S. P.; Wiedner, U.; Wu, L. H.; Wu, N.; Wu, S. X.; Wu, W.; Wu, Z.; Xia, L. G.; Xiao, Z. J.; Xie, Y. G.; Xiu, Q. L.; Xu, G. F.; Xu, G. M.; Xu, H.; Xu, Q. J.; Xu, X. P.; Xu, Z. R.; Xue, F.; Xue, Z.; Yan, L.; Yan, W. B.; Yan, Y. H.; Yang, H. X.; Yang, Y.; Yang, Y. X.; Ye, H.; Ye, M.; Ye, M. H.; Yu, B. X.; Yu, C. X.; Yu, J. S.; Yu, S. P.; Yuan, C. Z.; Yuan, Y.; Zafar, A. A.; Zallo, A.; Zeng, Y.; Zhang, B. X.; Zhang, B. Y.; Zhang, C.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, D. H.; Zhang, H. H.; Zhang, H. Y.; Zhang, J. Q.; Zhang, J. W.; Zhang, J. Y.; Zhang, J. Z.; Zhang, S. H.; Zhang, X. J.; Zhang, X. Y.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhang, Y. S.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhang, Z. Y.; Zhao, G.; Zhao, H. S.; Zhao, J. W.; Zhao, K. X.; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M. G.; Zhao, Q.; Zhao, Q. Z.; Zhao, S. J.; Zhao, T. C.; Zhao, X. H.; Zhao, Y. B.; Zhao, Z. G.; Zhemchugov, A.; Zheng, B.; Zheng, Y. H.; Zhong, B.; Zhong, J.; Zhong, Z.; Zhou, L.; Zhou, X. K.; Zhou, X. R.; Zhu, C.; Zhu, K.; Zhu, K. J.; Zhu, S. H.; Zhu, X. L.; Zhu, Y. C.; Zhu, Y. M.; Zhu, Y. S.; Zhu, Z. A.; Zhuang, J.; Zou, B. S.; Zou, J. H.; Werner, M.J.; Zheng, J.P.

    2012-01-01

    Using (106 +/- 4) x 10(6) psi ' events accumulated with the BESIII detector at the BEPCII e(+)e(-) collider, we present measurements of the branching fractions for psi' decays to K+K- pi(0) and K+K- eta. In these final states, the decay psi' -> K-2(*) (1430)(+) K- + 10(-5), is observed for the first

  7. k -Bitonic sort

    高庆狮; 胡玥; 刘志勇

    1999-01-01

    A k-bitonic sort which generalizes the bitonic sort is proposed. The theorem of the bitonic sort, which merges two monotonic sequences into one order sequence, is extended into the theorem of k-bitonic sort. The k-bitonic sort merges K (=2k or 2k-1) monotonic sequences into one order sequence in steps, where k=[K/2] is an integer and k≥1. The k-bitonic sort is the Batcher’s bitonic sort when k=1.

  8. New Results from Super-K and K2K

    Wilkes, R J

    2002-01-01

    This paper summarizes recent (as of SSI-02, in some cases updated in November, 2002) results from the Super-Kamiokande and K2K experiments. The interpretation of Super-Kamiokande results on atmospheric and solar neutrinos provides strong evidence for neutrino oscillations, hence non-zero neutrino mass. While statistics are still limited, K2K data are consistent with Super-Kamiokande results on neutrino oscillations. The effort to reconstruct Super-Kamiokande following a cascade of phototube implosions in November, 2001 is described. Plans for the future are also discussed.

  9. Dalitz Analysis of Ds -> K K- pi-

    del Amo Sanchez, P.; Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; Milanes, D.A.; Palano, A.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Bari /Bari U.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /INFN, Ferrara /Frascati /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /INFN, Genoa /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Harvey Mudd Coll. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /INFN, Milan /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /INFN, Padua /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Pisa, Scuola Normale Superiore /INFN, Pisa /Pisa U. /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas Nuclear Corp., Austin /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U. /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

    2011-07-06

    We perform a Dalitz plot analysis of about 100,000 D{sub s}{sup +} decays to K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +} and measure the complex amplitudes of the intermediate resonances which contribute to this decay mode. We also measure the relative branching fractions of D{sub s}{sup +} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup +}{pi}{sup -} and D{sub s}{sup +} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup +}K{sup -}. For this analysis we use a 384 fb{sup -1} data sample, recorded by the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e{sup +}e{sup -} collider running at center-of-mass energies near 10.58 GeV.

  10. Measurement of Interfering K^*+K^- and K^*-K^+ Amplitudes in the Decay D^0 --> K^+K^-pi^0

    Cawlfield, C.; Collaboration, CLEO

    2006-01-01

    We have studied the Cabibbo-suppressed decay mode D^0 into K^+ K^- pi^0 using a Dalitz plot technique and find the strong phase difference delta_D [defined as delta_(K*^- K^+) - delta_(K*^+ K^-)] = 332 degrees +- 8 degrees +- 11 degrees and relative amplitude r_D [defined as a_(K*^- K^+) / a_(K*^+ K^-)] = 0.52 +- 0.05 +- 0.04. This measurement indicates significant destructive interference between D^0 into K^+ (K^- pi^0)_K*^- and D^0 into K^- (K^+ pi^0)_K*^+ in the Dalitz plot region where th...

  11. Graph factors modulo k

    Thomassen, Carsten

    2014-01-01

    We prove a general result on graph factors modulo k . A special case says that, for each natural number k , every (12k−7)-edge-connected graph with an even number of vertices contains a spanning subgraph in which each vertex has degree congruent to k modulo 2k.......We prove a general result on graph factors modulo k . A special case says that, for each natural number k , every (12k−7)-edge-connected graph with an even number of vertices contains a spanning subgraph in which each vertex has degree congruent to k modulo 2k....

  12. K2SC: K2 Systematics Correction

    Aigrain, Suzanne; Parviainen, Hannu; Pope, Benjamin

    2016-05-01

    K2SC (K2 Systematics Correction) models instrumental systematics and astrophysical variability in light curves from the K2 mission. It enables the user to remove both position-dependent systematics and time-dependent variability (e.g., for transit searches) or to remove systematics while preserving variability (for variability studies). K2SC automatically computes estimates of the period, amplitude and evolution timescale of the variability for periodic variables and can be run on ASCII and FITS light curve files. Written in Python, this pipeline requires NumPy, SciPy, MPI4Py, Astropy (ascl:1304.002), and George (ascl:1511.015).

  13. Decay of 48K, 49K and 50K

    The 48K, 49K and 50K nuclides have been produced in high energy fragmentation and analyzed by mass spectroscopy techniques. Their half lives have been measured as 6+-1s, 1.1+-0.3s and 0.7+-0.3s, respectively. The γ-rays from their radioactive decay have been observed and the corresponding γ intensities measured. 50K is shown to be a delayed neutron emitter. The antianalog states in the daughter Ca nuclei with a (1d3/2)-1 neutron configuration, preferentially populated in the β decay, have been located. The corresponding 1d3/2 neutron single particle energy is found to remain approximately constant for these neutron rich Ca isotopes

  14. The triangulated category of K-motives DK_(k)

    Garkusha, Grigory; Panin, Ivan

    2013-01-01

    For any perfect field k a triangulated category of K-motives DK_(k) is constructed in the style of Voevodsky's construction of the category DM_(k). To each smooth k-variety X the K-motive is associated in the category DK_(k). Also, it is shown that K_n(X)=DK_(k)(M_K(X)[n],M_K(pt)), where K(X) is Quillen's K-theory of X.

  15. Hamiltonian[k,k+1]-因子%Hamiltonian [k, k + 1]-Factor

    蔡茂诚; 方奇志; 李延军

    2003-01-01

    A Hamiltonian [k, k + 1]-factor is a [k, k + 1]-factor containing a Hamiltonian cycle. A simple graph G of order n is n/2-critical if δ(G) ≥ n/2 but δ(G - e) < n/2 for any edge e ∈ E(G). Let k ≥ 2 be an integer and G be an n/2-critical graph with n ≥ 4k - 6 and n ≥ 7. In this paper it is proved that for any given Hamiltonian cycle C of G, G has a [k, k + 1]-factor containing C. This result is an improvement on some recent results about the existence of Hamiltonian [k, k + 1]-factor.%本文考虑n/2-临界图中Hamiltonian[k,k+1]-因子的存在性.Hamiltonian[k,k+1]-因子是指包含Hamiltonian圈的[k,k+1]-因子;给定阶数为n的简单图G,若δ(G)≥n/2而δ(G\\e)<n/2(对任意的e∈E(G)),则称G为n/2-临界图.设k为大于等于2的整数,G为n/2-临界图(其中n≥4k-6且n≥7),我们证明了对于G的任何Hamiltonian圈C,G中必存在包含C的[k,k+1]-因子.该结果改进了现有的一些有关Hamiltonian[k,k+1]-因子存在性的结果.

  16. Facts about Vitamin K

    Facts about Vitamin K 1 R. Elaine Turner and Wendy J. Dahl 2 FCS8666 Why do we need vitamin K? Vitamin K is one of the fat-soluble vitamins. It ... that are needed for normal blood clotting. Vitamin K is also needed for making important bone proteins. ...

  17. Recent Results from K2K Experiment

    C. MarianiINFN Rome and University of Rome La Sapienza; for K2K Collaboration

    2005-01-01

    The latest results from K2K experiment are reported, with focus on muon neutrino oscillation. The results are based on data taken from June 1999 to February 2004, corresponding to 8.9 x 10^19 protons on target.

  18. Observation of B+ --> K0bar K+ and B0 --> K0 K0bar

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Graugès-Pous, E; Palano, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Gill, M S; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; Del, P; Amo Sanchez; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Cottingham, W N; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Saleem, M; Sherwood, D J; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Zhang, L; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dvoretskii, A; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo, M; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Oyanguren, A; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, K A; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Yi, J I; Chen, C; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Lae, C K; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Jackson, P D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del, L; Buono; La Vaissière, C de; Hamon, O; Hartfiel, B L; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Roos, L; Therin, G; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Wagoner, D E; Biesiada, J; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Aleksan, R; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Legendre, M; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Berger, N; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Van Bakel, N; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martínez-Vidal, F; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R V; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Pappagallo, M; Band, H R; Chen, X; Cheng, B; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Mellado, B; Mihályi, A; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Neal, H

    2006-01-01

    We report observations of the b --> d penguin-dominated decays B+ --> K0bar K+ and B0 --> K0 K0bar in approximately 350 million Upsilon(4S) --> BBbar decays collected with the BaBar detector. We measure the branching fractions B(B+ --> K0bar K+) = (1.61 +/- 0.44 +/- 0.09) * 10^-6 and B(B0 --> K0 K0bar) = (1.08 +/- 0.28 +/- 0.11) * 10^-6, and the CP-violating charge asymmetry A_{CP}(K0bar K+) = 0.10 +/- 0.26 +/- 0.03. Using a vertexing technique previously employed in several analyses of all-neutral final states containing kaons, we report the first measurement of time-dependent CP-violating asymmetries in B0 --> K0 K0bar, obtaining S = -1.28 +0.80/-0.73 +0.11/-0.16 and C = -0.40 +/- 0.41 +/- 0.06. We also report improved measurements of the branching fraction B(B0 --> K0 pi+) = (23.9 +/- 1.1 +/- 1.0) * 10^-6 and CP-violating charge asymmetry A_{CP}(K0 pi+) = -0.029 +/- 0.039 +/- 0.010.

  19. On k-critical 2k-connected graphs

    苏健基; 袁旭东; 赵巧凤

    2003-01-01

    A graph G is called an (n,k)-graph if k(G- S) = n - |S| for any S C V(G) with |S| ≤ k,where k(G) denotes the connectivity of G. Mader conjectured that for k ≥ 3 the graph K2k+2-(1-factor) isthe unique (2k, k)-graph. Kriesell has settled two special cases for k = 3, 4. We prove the conjecture for thegeneral case k ≥ 5.

  20. The ratio Φ→K+K-/K0 anti K0

    The ratio Φ→K+K-/K0K0 is discussed and its present experimental value is compared with theoretical expectations. A difference larger than two standard deviations is observed. It is critically examined a number of mechanisms that could account for this discrepancy, which remains unexplained. Measurements at DAΦNE at the level of the per mille accuracy can clarify whether there exist any anomaly

  1. K-K-K-Kuninga kõne / Peter Conradi ; tõlkinud Kadri Karro

    Conradi, Peter

    2011-01-01

    The Sunday Timesi ajakirjanik valgustab filmi "Kuninga kõne" (režissöör Tom Hooper, Inglise-Austraalia-USA, 2010) tagamaid. Film räägib kuningas George VI elust ja tema kõnedefektist, kogelemisest. Kuningat aitas Austraalia päritolu kõneterapeut Lionel Logue. Filmi stsenaariumi kirjutas David Seidler

  2. I^K-convergence

    Mačaj, Martin; Sleziak, Martin

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we introduce I^K-convergence which is a common generalization of the I^K-convergence of sequences, double sequences and nets. We show that many results that were shown before for these special cases are true for the I^K-convergence, too

  3. On $k$-stellated and $k$-stacked spheres

    Bagchi, Bhaskar; Datta, Basudeb

    2012-01-01

    We introduce the class $\\Sigma_k(d)$ of $k$-stellated (combinatorial) spheres of dimension $d$ ($0 \\leq k \\leq d + 1$) and compare and contrast it with the class ${\\cal S}_k(d)$ ($0 \\leq k \\leq d$) of $k$-stacked homology $d$-spheres. We have $\\Sigma_1(d) = {\\cal S}_1(d)$, and $\\Sigma_k(d) \\subseteq {\\cal S}_k(d)$ for $d \\geq 2k - 1$. However, for each $k \\geq 2$ there are $k$-stacked spheres which are not $k$-stellated. The existence of $k$-stellated spheres which are not $k$-stacked remains...

  4. 373 K Superconductors

    Kostadinov, Ivan Zahariev

    2016-01-01

    Experimental evidence of superconductors with critical temperatures above $373\\:K$ is presented. In a family of different compounds we demonstrate the superconductor state, the transition to normal state above $387\\:K$, an intermediate $242\\:K$ superconductor, susceptibility up to $350\\:K$, $I-V$ curves at $4.2\\:K$ in magnetic field of $12\\:T$ and current up to $60\\:A$, $300\\:K$ Josephson Junctions and Shapiro steps with radiation of $5\\:GHz$ to $21\\:THz$, $300\\:K$ tapes tests with high currents up to $3000\\:A$ and many $THz$ images of coins and washers. Due to a pending patent, the exact chemical characterization and technological processes for these materials are temporarily withheld and will be presented elsewhere.

  5. Vitamine K

    Bal dit Sollier Claire

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Subclasses of vitamin K, their origins, their differential characteristics of absorption and metabolism, their relative effects on gammacarboxylation of various proteins implicated in hemostasis andcoagulation, in bone calcification are not well known even by experts in these fields. These misunderstandings explain errors in recommendations for public and for patients. This review will not expose again the fundamentals on vitamins K as presented in the paper by Marc Guillaumont published in 2000 in this same journal. This 2011 review will try to update our actual knowledge and most of all will insist on their practical implications especially on the management of oral anticoagulant treatments since until recently vitamin K antagonist was the only available type of such a treatment. Several examples illustrate the need for a better understanding of this subject. The fear that diet vitamin K could deregulate the equilibrium of oral vitamin K antagonist treatment leads to recommend a quite total suppression of vitamin K containing components in the diet of anticoagulated patients. This leads to an opposite effect: a high sensitivity to vitamin K and to disequilibrium of the anticoagulant treatment while a comprehensivemoderate and regular diet intake of vitamin K first facilitates the food choice of the patients but also helps to stabilise the treatment of chronically anticoagulated patients. Vitamin K plays a role in bone calcification and in osteoporosis prevention. Until recently the food supplementation with vitamin K in view of preventing osteoporosis in general population was strongly limited due to fear to affect the treatment equilibrium in anticoagulated patients. While an understanding that the effects of moderate supplementation in vitamin K has no or limited effect on anticoagulation and on the long run could at the opposite help to stabilize the daily level of anticoagulation in patients chronically treated with vitamin K.

  6. Quantum K-systems

    We generalize the classical notion of a K-system to a non-commutative dynamical system by requiring that an invariantly defined memory loss be 100%. We give some examples of quantum K-systems and show that they cannot contain any quasi-periodic subsystem. 13 refs. (Author)

  7. K Basin safety analysis

    The purpose of this accident safety analysis is to document in detail, analyses whose results were reported in summary form in the K Basins Safety Analysis Report WHC-SD-SNF-SAR-001. The safety analysis addressed the potential for release of radioactive and non-radioactive hazardous material located in the K Basins and their supporting facilities. The safety analysis covers the hazards associated with normal K Basin fuel storage and handling operations, fuel encapsulation, sludge encapsulation, and canister clean-up and disposal. After a review of the Criticality Safety Evaluation of the K Basin activities, the following postulated events were evaluated: Crane failure and casks dropped into loadout pit; Design basis earthquake; Hypothetical loss of basin water accident analysis; Combustion of uranium fuel following dryout; Crane failure and cask dropped onto floor of transfer area; Spent ion exchange shipment for burial; Hydrogen deflagration in ion exchange modules and filters; Release of Chlorine; Power availability and reliability; and Ashfall

  8. K Basin safety analysis

    Porten, D.R.; Crowe, R.D.

    1994-12-16

    The purpose of this accident safety analysis is to document in detail, analyses whose results were reported in summary form in the K Basins Safety Analysis Report WHC-SD-SNF-SAR-001. The safety analysis addressed the potential for release of radioactive and non-radioactive hazardous material located in the K Basins and their supporting facilities. The safety analysis covers the hazards associated with normal K Basin fuel storage and handling operations, fuel encapsulation, sludge encapsulation, and canister clean-up and disposal. After a review of the Criticality Safety Evaluation of the K Basin activities, the following postulated events were evaluated: Crane failure and casks dropped into loadout pit; Design basis earthquake; Hypothetical loss of basin water accident analysis; Combustion of uranium fuel following dryout; Crane failure and cask dropped onto floor of transfer area; Spent ion exchange shipment for burial; Hydrogen deflagration in ion exchange modules and filters; Release of Chlorine; Power availability and reliability; and Ashfall.

  9. DNR 100K Hydrography

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — Polygons representing hydrographic features originating from the USGS 1:100,000 (100K)DLG (Digital Line Graph) dataset. The data have been converted into ArcView...

  10. Laev pooleks / K. Heinmaa

    Heinmaa, K.

    1982-01-01

    Melassi vedanud tanker murdus tormis pooleks, nende omavaheline kaugus oli lõpuks u 100 miili. Hukkus üks inimene, laeva pooled pukseeriti sadamasse kuid otsustati maha kanda, kätte saadi osa melassist

  11. Vizit gotovnosti k sotrudnitshestvu

    2008-01-01

    Eestis viibis ametlikul külaskäigul Afganistani kaitseminister Abdul Rahim Wardak, kes kohtus president Toomas Hendrik Ilvesega ja kaitseminister Jaak Aaviksooga ning välisminister Urmas Paetiga. Vt. samas: Abdul Rakim Wardak

  12. DNR 24K Lakes

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — Medium scale lake polygons derived from the National Wetlands Inventory (NWI) polygons and MnDOT Basemap lake delineations. Integrated with the DNR 24K Streams...

  13. K-core inflation

    Wolman, Alexander L.

    2011-01-01

    K-core inflation is a new class of underlying inflation measures. The two most popular measures of underlying inflation are core inflation and trimmed mean inflation. The former removes fixed categories of goods and services (food and energy) from the inflation calculation, and the latter removes fixed percentiles of the weighted distribution of price changes. In contrast, k-core inflation specifies a size of relative price change to be removed from the inflation calculation. Thus, the catego...

  14. K Basin Hazard Analysis

    This report describes the methodology used in conducting the K Basins Hazard Analysis, which provides the foundation for the K Basins Final Safety Analysis Report. This hazard analysis was performed in accordance with guidance provided by DOE-STD-3009-94, Preparation Guide for U. S. Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports and implements the requirements of DOE Order 5480.23, Nuclear Safety Analysis Report

  15. K Basins Hazard Analysis

    This report describes the methodology used in conducting the K Basins Hazard Analysis, which provides the foundation for the K Basins Safety Analysis Report (HNF-SD-WM-SAR-062/Rev.4). This hazard analysis was performed in accordance with guidance provided by DOE-STD-3009-94, Preparation Guide for U. S. Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Safety Analysis Reports and implements the requirements of DOE Order 5480.23, Nuclear Safety Analysis Report

  16. Eske K. Mathiesen

    Skiveren, Tobias; Gregersen, Martin

    I monografien tegner Martin Gregersen og Tobias Skiveren et portræt af Eske K. Mathiesens særegne forfattervirke gennem en tæt sammenvævning af humorfilosofi, økokritiske perspektiver og kritisk teori.......I monografien tegner Martin Gregersen og Tobias Skiveren et portræt af Eske K. Mathiesens særegne forfattervirke gennem en tæt sammenvævning af humorfilosofi, økokritiske perspektiver og kritisk teori....

  17. k-Sparse Autoencoders

    Makhzani, Alireza; Frey, Brendan

    2013-01-01

    Recently, it has been observed that when representations are learnt in a way that encourages sparsity, improved performance is obtained on classification tasks. These methods involve combinations of activation functions, sampling steps and different kinds of penalties. To investigate the effectiveness of sparsity by itself, we propose the k-sparse autoencoder, which is an autoencoder with linear activation function, where in hidden layers only the k highest activities are kept. When applied t...

  18. Measurement of the D+ and Ds+ decays into K+K-K+

    Link, J M; Yager, P M; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Magnin, J; Massafferri, A; De Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; Dos Reis, A C; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Cuautle, E; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vázquez, F; Agostino, L; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; O'Reilly, B; Ramírez, J E; Segoni, I; Butler, J N; Cheung, H W K; Chiodini, G; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Benussi, L; Bianco, S; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Zallo, A; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Park, K S; Rahimi, A; Wiss, J; Gardner, R; Kryemadhi, A; Chang, K H; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Cho, K; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Barberis, S; Cerutti, A; Boschini, M; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Edera, L; Erba, S; Giammarchi, M; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Pontoglio, C; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, S; Davenport, T F; Arena, V; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Merlo, M M; Pantea, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Vitulo, P; Hernández, H; López, A M; Méndez, H; Paris, A; Quinones, J; Xiong, W; Zhang, Y; Wilson, J R; Handler, T; Mitchell, R; Engh, D; Hosack, M; Johns, W E; Nehring, M; Sheldon, P D; Stenson, K; Vaandering, E W; Webster, M; Sheaff, M

    2002-01-01

    We present the first clear observation of the doubly Cabibbo suppressed decay D+ --> K-K+K+ and the first observation of the singly Cabibbo suppressed decay Ds+ --> K-K+K+. These signals have been obtained by analyzing the high statistics sample of photoproduced charm particles of the FOCUS(E831) experiment at Fermilab. We measure the following relative branching ratios: Gamma(D+ --> K-K+K+)/Gamma(D+ --> K-pi+pi+) = (9.49 +/- 2.17(statistical) +/- 0.22(systematic))x10^-4 and Gamma(Ds+ --> K-K+K+)/Gamma(Ds+ --> K-K+pi+) = (8.95 +/- 2.12(statistical) +2.24(syst.) -2.31(syst.))x10^-3.

  19. K Water Plant improvements

    Trumble, R.E.; Heacock, H.W.; Reinig, L.P.; Jones, S.S.; Mollerus, F.J.

    1959-03-19

    A Task Force was established in the Irradiation Processing Department to examine the K-Reactor Water Plant to (1) review the operating and maintenance experience with the water plant as improved since startup, (2) identify major plant additions which could further improve reliability, and (3) estimate the costs of any such additions. The K-Water Plant basically consists of the electrically driven primary cooling system with power supplied by the BPA system, electrically driven secondary or backup cooling system powered by a steam driven emergency generator pair, and a ``last ditch`` system consisting of hydraulic cross-ties between the two K-Water Plants. This report summarizes information developed in the course of the Task Force deliberations.

  20. OD KONTRADIKTORNOSTI K KONSENZUALNOSTI

    Grumić, Zora

    2011-01-01

    Preobremenjenost sodišč in dolgotrajnost postopkov botrujejo spremembam slovenskega kazenskega postopka od kontradiktornega k konsenzualnemu modelu, zgledujoč se po angloameriških in modernih evropskih kontinentalnih modelih kazenskega postopka. V ospredju je učinkovitost kazenskopravnega sodstva in ekonomičnost postopka, ki pripelje k hitrejši in cenovno ugodnejši sprejeti sodni odločitvi. Konsenzualne oblike kazenskega postopka imajo za cilj rešitev spornih zadev v obliki sporazumnega skraj...

  1. CP-violating asymmetry in $B^- \\to \\pi^+ \\pi^- K^-$ and $B^- \\rarr K^+ K^- K^-$ decays

    Pham, T. N.

    2003-01-01

    The recent Belle and Babar measurements of the branching ratios $B^- \\to \\pi^+ \\pi^- K^-$ and $B^- \\to K^+ K^- K^-$ and $B^\\pm \\to \\chi_{c0} K^\\pm$ have renewed interests in these decays as another mean to look for direct CP violation in B decays. In this talk, I would like to discuss a recent analysis of the CP violating asymmetry in the partial widths for the decays $B^- \\to \\pi^+ \\pi^- K^-$ and $B^- \\to K^+ K^- K^-$, which results from the interference of the non resonant amplitude with th...

  2. k-visit Attribute Grammars

    Nielson, Hanne Riis; Skyum, S.

    1981-01-01

    It is shown that any well-defined attribute grammar is k-visit for some k. Furthermore, it is shown that given a well-defined grammar G and an integer k, it is decidable whether G is k-visit. Finally it is shown that the k-visit grammars specify a proper hierarchy with respect to translations...

  3. Hypermodal Logics K[TnK]and K[TKn]%超模态逻辑K[TnK]和K[TKn

    许春梅

    2012-01-01

    The work of this paper is based on one paper of D. M. Gabbay, which is 'A theory of hypermodal logics: Mode shifting in modal logic'. Specially, based on his two satisfaction relations, I define n + 1 satisfaction relations, and then gain two kinds of more general logics K[TnK]and K[TKn], whereas n 〉 1. There we will get more general results: (1) For any n ≥ 1,口j+(n+l)kp→ 口i+(n+l)kp are theorems of K[TnK], whereas 0 ≤i 〈 j ≤ n. (2) For any n ≥1, every logic of IC[TKn] has theorems 口j+(n+l)kp→ 口i+(n+l)kp, whereas n 〉 1. However, 口j+(n+l)kp→ 口i+(n+l)kp are not theorems of IC[TK@ whereas 0 ≤i 〈 j ≤ n., and j ≠ 1, or i ≠0. So, (3) every logic of 1C[TnK] is a proper extension of logic K[TnK], for each n 〉 1. (4) The rule of Necessitation is not available to logics of IC[TnK] and K.[TKn], well, for any n ≥1, Yqn+lA is a theorem of K[TnK]and K[TKn], whereas A is a theorem of ICK[TnK]and K[TKn], respectively. (5) Logics of K[TnK]and K[TKn] are not closed under substitution of provably equivalent formulas. Besides, based on his two translations T0, T1 from hypermodal logic K[TK] to standard K, we define n + 1 translations TO, T1.....Tn from hypermodal logics K[TnK] and K[TKn] to standard K, respectively. Then we get a correspondence of pointed model satisfaction with logics IC[TnK], 1C[TKn] and standard K, respectively, i.e. a hypermodal formula is true in a world by some satisfaction relation iff the corresponding translation of the hypermodal formula is true in that world by the standard K satisfaction relation.%本文的工作是在D.M.Gabbay的一篇论文《超模态逻辑理论:在模态逻辑中的模转换》基础上所做的,主要是将他的两类满足关系扩充到n+1种满足关系,然后在此基础上得到两类一般性的逻辑类K[TnK]和K[TKn],其中n≥1。我们得到了一些更为一般性的结论:(1)逻辑类K[TnK]的定理模式是:对任意n≥1,口j+(n+1

  4. (π+, K+) experimental difficulties

    The problems associated with the running of the BNL (π+,K+) experiment, E798, are discussed. Several difficulties had to be overcome in order for the experiment to succeed in the study of lambda single particle states in heavy nuclei. These difficulties will be discussed, as well as the outlook for the future. 3 refs., 4 figs

  5. Statskonsulent K. Hansen

    Kristensen, Birgit Juul

    2011-01-01

    Beskrivelse af gammel bogsamling fra Ladelund Landbrugsskole (nu Syddansk Universitetsbibliotek i Esbjerg), samlet af Statskonsulent K. Hansen (1858-1941). Derudover en fremstilling af hans liv og virke som statskonsulent i planteavl for Øerne, leder af Dansk Landbrugsmuseum, forfatter af...

  6. Seinad kõnelevad

    2008-01-01

    Scandinavia tapeedisalongist (Pärnu mnt. 66, Tallinn), kus pakutakse põhiliselt pabertapeete ja naturaalseid seinakatteid. Tapeedivalik hõlmab eri stiile läbi mitme sajandi, ajaloolistest uute trendide ja disaintapeetideni. Itaalia käsitöötapeetidest. Vt. ka lk. 17 "Ajaloolised tapeedid"

  7. Equivariant K3 Invariants

    Cheng, Miranda C N; Harrison, Sarah M; Kachru, Shamit

    2015-01-01

    In this note, we describe a connection between the enumerative geometry of curves in K3 surfaces and the chiral ring of an auxiliary superconformal field theory. We consider the invariants calculated by Yau--Zaslow (capturing the Euler characters of the moduli spaces of D2-branes on curves of given genus), together with their refinements to carry additional quantum numbers by Katz--Klemm--Vafa (KKV), and Katz--Klemm--Pandharipande (KKP). We show that these invariants can be reproduced by studying the Ramond ground states of an auxiliary chiral superconformal field theory which has recently been observed to give rise to mock modular moonshine for a variety of sporadic simple groups that are subgroups of Conway's group. We also study equivariant versions of these invariants. A K3 sigma model is specified by a choice of 4-plane in the K3 D-brane charge lattice. Symmetries of K3 sigma models are naturally identified with 4-plane preserving subgroups of the Conway group, according to the work of Gaberdiel--Hoheneg...

  8. Measurements of CP-Violating Asymmetries in the Decay B0-->K+K-K0

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Graugès-Pous, E; López, L; Palano, A; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Bequilleux, J; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F R; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Zheng, Y; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; De La Vaissière, C; Hamon, O; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pérez, A; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Haire, M; Biesiada, J; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Baracchini, E; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Castelli, G; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Ricciardi, S; Röthel, W; Wilson, F F; Aleksan, R; Emery, S; Escalier, M; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Berger, N; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ofte, I; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Van Bakel, N; Wagner, A P; Weaver, M; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Pelliccioni, M; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martínez-Vidal, F; Milanes, D A; Oyanguren, A; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Ilic, J; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Pappagallo, M; Band, H R; Chen, X; Dasu, S; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Neal, H

    2007-01-01

    We analyze the decay B0 --> K+ K- K0 using 383 million B-Bbar events collected by the BaBar detector at SLAC to extract CP violation parameter values over the Dalitz plot. Combining all K+ K- K0 events, we find A_CP = -0.015 +/- 0.077 +/- 0.053 and beta_eff = 0.352 +/- 0.076 +/- 0.026 rad, corresponding to a CP violation significance of 4.8 sigma. A second solution near pi/2 - beta_eff is disfavored with a significance of 4.5 sigma. We also report A_CP and beta_eff separately for decays to phi(1020) K0, f0(980) K0, and K+ K- K0 with m_{K+ K-} > 1.1 GeV/c^2.

  9. Observation of F decays into anti K * K

    Using the ARGUS detector at DORIS II, the decay of F+→anti K*0K+, and the ratio BR(F+→anti K*0K+)/BR(F+→Φπ+) is found to be 1.44±0.37. This is a substantial rate for a decay channel which cannot proceed via a colour-favoured diagram. (orig.)

  10. Phenomenology of the $ppK^+K^-$ system near threshold

    Silarski, M

    2014-01-01

    In this article studies of the near threshold $pp\\to ppK^+K^-$ reaction conducted with the COSY-11 and the ANKE detectors are reviewed. In particular recent investigations on the $K^+K^-$ final state interaction are revisited taking into account updated cross sections of the COSY-11 experiment. These studies resulted in the new value of $K^+K^-$ effective range amounting to: $\\mathrm{Re}(b_{K^{+}K^{-}}) = -0.2^{+0.8_{stat}~+0.4_{sys}}_{-0.6_{stat}~-0.4_{sys}}~\\mathrm{fm}$ and $\\mathrm{Im}(b_{K^{+}K^{-}}) = 1.2^{~+0.5_{stat}~+0.3_{sys}}_{~-0.3_{stat}~-0.3_{sys}}~\\mathrm{fm}$. The determined real and imaginary parts of the $K^+K^-$ scattering length were estimated to be: $\\left|\\mathrm{Re}(a_{K^{+}K^{-}})\\right| = 10^{~+17_{stat}}_{~-10_{stat}}~\\mathrm{fm}$ and $\\mathrm{Im}(a_{K^{+}K^{-}}) = 0^{~+37_{stat}}_{~-10_{stat}}~\\mathrm{fm}$.

  11. K (-) and eta nuclei

    Mareš, Jiří; Cieplý, Aleš; Friedman, E.; Gal, A.; Gazda, D.

    Vol. 234. Dordrecht: Springer, 2015, s. 49-56. ISSN 0304-3843. [5th International Conference on Exotic Atoms and Related Topics (EXA). Vienna (AT), 15.09.2014-19.09.2014] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP203/12/2126 Institutional support: RVO:61389005 Keywords : K- nuclear states * eta nuclear states * Meson-baryon interactions Subject RIV: BE - Theoretical Physics

  12. T2K & beyond

    Catanesi, M G

    2016-01-01

    This article presents the status of the art of the T2K experiment and the measurements prospects for the incoming years. After a brief description of the experiment, the most recent results will be illustrated. The observation of the electron neutrino appearance in a muon neutrino beam and the new high-precision measurements of the mixing angle theta13 by the reactor experiments have led to a re-evaluation of the expected sensitivity to the oscillation parameters, relative to what was given in the original T2K proposal. For this reason the new physics potential of T2K for 7.8 x 10**21 p.o.t. and for a data exposure 3 times larger than it's expected to be reachable with accelerator and beam line upgrades in 2026 before the start of operation of the next generation of long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiments will also be described in the text. In particular the last challenging scenario opens the door to the possibility to obtain, under some conditions, a 3 sigma measurement excluding sin(deltaCP= 0.

  13. Penguin amplitudes in B^+ to pi^+ K^*0, K^+ \\bar{K}^*0 decays

    Zenczykowski, Piotr

    2010-01-01

    The question of the relative size of two independent penguin amplitudes is studied using the data on the B^+ to pi^+ K^*0, and B^+ to K^+ \\bar{K}^*0 decays. Our discussion involves a Regge-phenomenology-based estimate of SU(3) breaking in the final quark-pair-creating hadronization process. The results are in agreement with earlier estimates of the relative size of the two penguins obtained from B^+ to pi^+ K^0, K^+ \\bar{K}^0.

  14. Cross Sections for the Reactions e+e to K+ K- pi+pi-, K+ K- pi0pi0, and K+ K- K+ K- Measured Using Initial-State Radiation

    Lees, J.P.; Poireau, V.; Prencipe, E.; Tisserand, V.; /Annecy, LAPP; Garra Tico, J.; Grauges, E.; /Barcelona U., ECM; Martinelli, M.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Milanes, D.A.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Palano, A.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U.; Pappagallo, M.; /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Bari /Bari U. /Bari U. /INFN, Bari; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Sun, L.; /Bergen U.; Brown, D.N.; Kerth, L.T.; Kolomensky, Yu.G.; Lynch, G.; Osipenkov, I.L.; /LBL, Berkeley /UC, Berkeley; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; /Ruhr U., Bochum; Asgeirsson, D.J.; /British Columbia U. /Brunel U. /Novosibirsk, IYF /UC, Irvine /UC, Riverside /UC, Santa Barbara /UC, Santa Cruz /Caltech /Cincinnati U. /Colorado U. /Colorado State U. /Dortmund U. /Dresden, Tech. U. /Ecole Polytechnique /Edinburgh U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Ferrara /Ferrara U. /Frascati /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Genoa /Genoa U. /Indian Inst. Tech., Guwahati /Harvard U. /Harvey Mudd Coll. /Heidelberg U. /Humboldt U., Berlin /Imperial Coll., London /Iowa State U. /Iowa State U. /Johns Hopkins U. /Orsay, LAL /LLNL, Livermore /Liverpool U. /Queen Mary, U. of London /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Louisville U. /Mainz U., Inst. Kernphys. /Manchester U., Comp. Sci. Dept. /Maryland U. /Massachusetts U., Amherst /MIT /McGill U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Milan /Milan U. /Mississippi U. /Montreal U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Naples /Naples U. /NIKHEF, Amsterdam /Notre Dame U. /Ohio State U. /Oregon U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Padua /Padua U. /Paris U., VI-VII /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Perugia /Perugia U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Pisa /Princeton U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Trieste /INFN, Rome /Rome U. /Rostock U. /Rutherford /DAPNIA, Saclay /SLAC /South Carolina U. /Southern Methodist U. /Stanford U., Phys. Dept. /SUNY, Albany /Tel Aviv U. /Tennessee U. /Texas U. /Texas U., Dallas /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Turin /Turin U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /INFN, Trieste /Trieste U. /Valencia U., IFIC /Victoria U. /Warwick U. /Wisconsin U., Madison

    2011-08-19

    We study the processes e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}-{gamma}, K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}{gamma}, and K{sup +}K{sup -}K{sup +}K{sup -}{gamma}, where the photon is radiated from the initial state. About 84000, 8000, and 4200 fully reconstructed events, respectively, are selected from 454 fb{sup -1} of BABAR data. The invariant mass of the hadronic final state defines the e{sup +}e{sup -} center-of-mass energy, so that the K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}{gamma} data can be compared with direct measurements of the e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} reaction. No direct measurements exist for the e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}{pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0} or e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}K{sup +}K{sup -} reactions, and we present an update of our previous result with doubled statistics. Studying the structure of these events, we find contributions from a number of intermediate states, and extract their cross sections. In particular, we perform a more detailed study of the e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} {phi}(1020){pi}{pi}{gamma} reaction, and confirm the presence of the Y (2175) resonance in the {phi}(1020)f{sub 0}(980) and K{sup +}K{sup -} f{sub 0}(980) modes. In the charmonium region, we observe the J/{psi} in all three final states and in several intermediate states, as well as the {phi}(2S) in some modes, and measure the corresponding branching fractions.

  15. Dose due to 40K

    The dose due to 40K has been estimated. Potassium is one of the most abundant elements in nature, being approximately 2% of the Earth's crust. Potassium has three isotopes 39K, 40K and 41K, two are stable while 40K is radioactive with a half life of 1.2x109 years; there is 0.0117% 40K-to-K ratio. Potassium plays an important role in plants, animals and humans growth and reproduction. Due to the fact that K is an essential element for humans, 40K is the most abundant radioisotope in human body. In order to keep good health conditions K must be intake at daily basis trough food and beverages, however when K in ingested above the requirements produce adverse health effects in persons with renal, cardiac and hypertension problems or suffering diabetes. In 89.3% 40K decays to 40C through β-decay, in 10.3% decays through electronic capture and emitting 1.46 MeV γ-ray. K is abundant in soil, construction materials, sand thus γ-rays produced during 40K decay contribute to external dose. For K in the body practically all 40K decaying energy is absorbed by the body; thus 40K contributes to total dose in humans and it is important to evaluate its contribution. In this work a set of 40K sources were prepared using different amounts of KCl salt, a γ-ray spectrometer with a NaI(Tl) was characterized to standardized the sources in order to evaluate the dose due to 40K. Using thermoluminescent dosemeters the dose due to 40K was measured and related to the amount of 40K γ-ray activity. (Author)

  16. Lectures on K-theory

    This opening contribution consists of a comprehensive survey of developments in K-theory in the last forty-five years, and covers a very broad spectrum of the subject, including Topological K-theory, Atiyah-Singer index theorem, K-theory of Banach algebras, Higher Algebraic K-theory and Cyclic Homology

  17. Study of the decay mode D^0 -> K-K-K+pi+

    Link, J; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Magnin, J; Massafferri, A; De Miranda, J M; Machado, A A; Pepe, I M; Polycarpo, E; Dos Reis, A C; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Cuautle, E; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vázquez, F; Agostino, L; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; O'Reilly, B; Segoni, I; Wahl, M; Butler, J N; Cheung, H W K; Chiodini, G; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E E; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Wang, M; Benussi, L; Bertani, M; Bianco, S; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Zallo, A; Reyes, M; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Rahimi, A; Wiss, J; Gardner, R; Kryemadhi, A; Chang, C H; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Cho, K; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Barberis, S; Boschini, M; Cerutti, A; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Edera, L; Erba, S; Giammarchi, M; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Pontoglio, C; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, S; Davenport, T F; Arena, V; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Merlo, M M; Pantea, D; Lopes-Pegna, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Vitulo, P; Hernández, H; López, A M; Luiggi, E; Méndez, H; Paris, A; Quinones, J; Ramírez, J E; Zhang, Y; Wilson, J R; Handler, T; Mitchell, R; Engh, D; Hosack, M; Johns, W E; Nehring, M S; Sheldon, P D; Stenson, K; Vaandering, E W; Webster, M; Sheaff, M

    2003-01-01

    Using data from the FOCUS (E831) experiment at Fermilab, we present a new measurement of the branching ratio for the Cabibbo-favored decay mode $D^0 \\to K^-K^-K^+\\pi^+$. From a sample of $143 \\pm 19$ fully reconstructed $D^0 \\to K^-K^-K^+\\pi^+$ events, we measure $\\Gamma(D^0 \\to K^-K^-K^+\\pi^+)/\\Gamma(D^0 \\to K^-\\pi^-\\pi^+\\pi^+) = 0.00257 \\pm 0.00034(stat.) \\pm 0.00024(syst.)$. A coherent amplitude analysis has been performed to determine the resonant substructure of this decay mode. This analysis reveals a dominant contribution from $\\phi$ and $\\bar K^{*0}(890)$ states.

  18. Vitamin K and Hemostasis - Review

    Fatih Demirtaş; Melike Sezgin Evim; Birol Baytan; Adalet Meral Güneş

    2010-01-01

    Vitamin K is necessary for the synthesis of the proteins that help control bleeding (clotting factors) and thus for the normal clotting of blood. Newborns are prone to vitamin K deficiency because only small amounts of vitamin K cross the placenta and because, during the first few days after birth, their intestine does not contain bacteria to produce vitamin K. The deficiency can cause hemorrhagic disease of the newborn, characterized by a tendency to bleed. A vitamin K injection in the muscl...

  19. k-Inflation

    Armendariz-Picon, C; Mukhanov, V

    1999-01-01

    It is shown that a large class of higher-order (i.e. non-quadratic) scalar kinetic terms can, without the help of potential terms, drive an inflationary evolution starting from rather generic initial conditions. In many models, this kinetically driven inflation (or "k-inflation" for short) rolls slowly from a high-curvature initial phase, down to a low-curvature phase and can exit inflation to end up being radiation-dominated, in a naturally graceful manner. We hope that this novel inflation mechanism might be useful in suggesting new ways of reconciling the string dilaton with inflation.

  20. Observation of $\\pi^- K^+$ and $\\pi^+ K^-$ atoms

    Adeva, B; The PS212 collaboration; Allkofer, Y.; Amsler, C.; Anania, A.; Aogaki, S.; Benelli, A.; Brekhovskikh, V.; Cechak, T.; Chiba, M.; Chliapnikov, P.; Doskarova, P.; Drijard, D.; Dudarev, A.; Dumitriu, D.; Fluerasu, D.; Gorin, A.; Gorchakov, O.; Gritsay, K.; Guaraldo, C.; Gugiu, M.; Hansroul, M.; Hons, Z.; Horikawa, S.; Iwashita, Y.; Karpukhin, V.; Kluson, J.; Kobayashi, M.; Kruglov, V.; Kruglova, L.; Kulikov, A.; Kulish, E.; Kuptsov, A.; Lamberto, A.; Lanaro, A.; Lednicky, R.; Marinas, C.; Martincik, J.; Nikitin, M.; Okada, K.; Olchevskii, V.; Pentia, M.; Penzo, A.; Plo, M.; Prusa, P.; Rappazzo, G.; Vidal, A.Romero; Ryazantsev, A.; Rykalin, V.; Saborido, J.; Sidorov, A.; Smolik, J.; Takeutchi, F.; Tauscher, L.; Trojek, T.; Trusov, S.; Urban, T.; Vrba, T.; Yazkov, V.; Yoshimura, Y.; Zhabitsky, M.; Zrelov, P.

    2016-01-01

    The observation of hydrogen-like $\\pi K$ atoms, consisting of $\\pi^- K^+$ or $\\pi^+ K^-$ mesons, is presented. The atoms have been produced by 24 GeV/$c$ protons from the CERN PS accelerator, interacting with platinum or nickel foil targets. The breakup (ionisation) of $\\pi K$ atoms in the same targets yields characteristic $\\pi K$ pairs, called ``atomic pairs'', with small relative momenta in the pair centre-of-mass system. The upgraded DIRAC experiment has observed $349\\pm62$ such atomic $\\pi K$ pairs, corresponding to a signal of 5.6 standard deviations.

  1. K0/K+ ratio in relativistic heavy-ion collisions

    It is shown that ratio of production yields of K0 and K+ mesons in collisions of isotopically asymmetric nuclei at incident energies ∼ 1 GeV/nucleon is related directly enough to temperature of nuclear matter at the initial stage of the collision. Sensitivity of the K0/K+ ratio to the temperature variation is analyzed. Ambiguities, associated with interpretation of this quantity as a probe of nuclear temperature, are discussed. It is argued that the K0/K+ ratio is a fairly model-independent quantity, provided channels with Δ isobars dominate the kaon production. (orig.)

  2. Litteratursøk

    Ingvild Kirkehei

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available I denne artikkelen beskriver vi prinsipper for å utføre systematiske søk etter forskningslitteratur. I et godt søk bør det tas utgangspunkt i et klart formulert spørsmål som uttrykker hva slags forskning en ønsker å finne. For effektspørsmål kan dette formuleres ved hjelp av et PICO-skjema hvor det konkretiseres hvilke pasienter, tiltak og utfallsmål en er interessert i. I litteratursøket er det vanlig å bruke engelske søkeord som beskriver disse PICO-kategoriene. For å finne så mye relevant forskning som mulig, er det viktig å søke på alle relevante synonymer og staveformer. En kan også søke på standardiserte emneord som beskriver innholdet i publikasjonene. De boolske operatorene AND og OR brukes for å kombinere søkeordene i en samlet søkestrategi. For å få et håndterlig antall søketreff, kan søket avgrenses til publikasjonsår, spesielle aldersgrupper eller relevant studiedesign. Det kan være nyttig å dokumentere hvilke kilder og søkeord som er brukt. I de fleste kilder kan søket lagres og hentes frem senere og søkeresultatene kan eksporteres til referansehåndteringsprogrammer som Reference Manager eller EndNote. I noen tilfeller kan det være nyttig å supplere det systematiske søket med andre gjenfinningsmetoder som søk i studieregistre, gjennomgang av referanselister i relevante publikasjoner, siteringssøk og tips fra fageksperter. Litteratursøk er en ferdighet som læres ved praktisk øvelse og vi anbefaler alle å ta kontakt med en bibliotekar for å lære mer om dette.Kirkehei I, Ormstad SS. Searching for literature. Nor J Epidemiol 2013; 23 (2: 141-145.ENGLISH SUMMARY In this article we describe the basic principles on how to perform systematic searches for research literature. A well-conducted literature search is based on a clearly formulated question, expressing what one is looking for. Questions regarding effects of interventions can be structured with the aid of PICO, stating the population

  3. In-Medium K+ and K- Production and K- Condensation in Supernova Matter

    GUO Hua; ZHOU Ran; LIU Yu-Xin; LIU Bo; LI Xi-Guo

    2004-01-01

    @@ In-medium effects and neutrino trapping on K+ and K- production and K- condensation in supernova matter are investigated in a chiral hadronic model. Our results show that neutrino trapping shifts the critical density for K- condensation to higher density, the Q values for K+ and K- production are not sensitive to neutrino trapping, in-medium effects decrease the Q values for NN → NNK+ K- and ∧N → NNK- and increase those for NN → N∧K+, K-p →∧π0 and K-n →∧π- as the density of supernova matter increases. Moreover,it is shown that neutrino trapping decreases the maximum masses of protoneutron stars compared with the neutrino-free case.

  4. On the series $\\pmb{\\sum_{k = 1}^\\infty \\binom{3k}{k}^{-1}k^{-n} x^k}$

    Batir, Necdet

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the series $\\sum_{k = 1}^\\infty \\binom{3k}{k}^{-1}k^{-n}x^k$. Obtaining some integral representations of them, we evaluated the sum of them explicitly for $n = 0, 1, 2$.

  5. k-控制阵%k-dominating Fuzzy Matrices

    孙华春

    2006-01-01

    The definition of k-dominating fuzzy matrices has been introduced. The relation between k-dominating fuzzy matrices and circularly k-dominating fuzzy matrices is discussed. We point out that the convergence or oscillating index of the power sequence of an n × n k-dominating matrix is bounded by (n-1)k+m from above; and if it is oscillating, then the period index is a factor of k.%给出k-控制阵的定义,讨论k-控制阵与k-圈控制阵的关系,指出k-控制阵的周期是k的一个因子,指数不大于(n-1)k+m.

  6. k-Jordan可乘映射%k-Jordan multiplicative maps

    张芳娟

    2013-01-01

    Using some methods of operator theory,the triple k-Jordan map on self-adjoint operator algebras and the k-Jordan map on nest algebra are studied.It is shown that a triple k-Jordan bijective map on self -adjoint operator algebras is a unitary isomorphism.A k-Jordan bijective map on nest algebra is a linear isomorphism,or a linear anti-isomorphism.%运用算子论的方法研究了自伴算子代数上的3重k-Jordan映射和套代数上k-Jordan映射.得到了自伴算子代数上的3重k-Jordan双射为酉同构;套代数上k-Jordan双射为线性同构,或线性反同构.

  7. Baking stability of acesulfame K.

    Klug, C; von Rymon Lipinski, G W; Böttger, D

    1992-05-01

    The stability of acesulfame K during baking was investigated at different baking temperatures and baking times. The contents of acesulfame K in baked and unbaked doughs were determined by HPLC. The recovery rate of acesulfame K was independent of the baking conditions chosen and correlated with the recovery rate of acesulfame K in the unbaked doughs. As the stability of acesulfame K cannot only be affected by baking temperature and baking time but also by pH value and moisture content of the baked goods, additional stability investigations were performed with acidic fillings and apple pie. Even under these extreme baking conditions no decomposition of acesulfame K could be detected. PMID:1621451

  8. Total domination in K 5- and K 6-covered graphs

    Odile Favaron

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A graph G is K r-covered if each vertex of G is contained in a K r-clique. Let γ t (G denote the total domination number of G. It has been conjectured that every K r-covered graph of order n with no K r-component satisfies γ t (G ≤ 2n/(r+1. We prove that this conjecture is true for r=5 and 6.

  9. φK+K- production in electron-positron annihilation

    In this work we study the e+e-→φK+K- reaction. The leading order electromagnetic contributions to this process involve the γ*φK+K- vertex function with a highly virtual photon. We calculate this function at low energies using RχPT supplemented with the anomalous term for the VV'P interactions. Tree-level contributions involve the kaon form factors and the K*K transition form factors. We improve this result, valid for low photon virtualities, replacing the lowest order terms in the kaon form factors and K*K transition form factors by the form factors as obtained in UχPT in the former case and the ones extracted from recent data on e+e-→KK* in the latter case. We calculate rescattering effects which involve meson-meson amplitudes. The corresponding result is improved using the unitarized meson-meson amplitudes containing the scalar poles instead of the lowest order terms. Using the BABAR value for BR(X→φf0)Γ(X→e+e-), we calculate the contribution from intermediate X(2175). A good description of data is obtained in the case of destructive interference between this contribution and the previous ones, but more accurate data on the isovector K*K transition form factor is required in order to exclude contributions from an intermediate isovector resonance to e+e-→φK+K- around 2.2 GeV.

  10. The $K \\bar K \\pi$ decay of the $f_1(1285)$ and its nature as a $K^* \\bar K -cc$ molecule

    Aceti, F.; Xie, Ju-Jun; Oset, E

    2015-01-01

    We investigate the decay of $f_1(1285) \\to \\pi K \\bar K$ with the assumption that the $f_1(1285)$ is dynamically generated from the $K^* \\bar{K} - cc$ interaction. In addition to the tree level diagrams that proceed via $f_1(1285) \\to K^* \\bar{K} - cc \\to \\pi K \\bar K$, we take into account also the final state interactions of $K \\bar K \\to K \\bar K$ and $\\pi K \\to \\pi K$. The partial decay width and mass distributions of $f_1(1285) \\to \\pi K \\bar K$ are evaluated. We get a value for the part...

  11. Search for B+/- --> [K-/+ pi+/-]_D K+/- and upper limit on the b --> u amplitude in B+/- --> D K+/-

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Gaillard, J M; Hicheur, A; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Palano, A; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Le Clerc, C; Lynch, G; Merchant, A M; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, Michael T; Shelkov, V G; Telnov, A V; Wenzel, W A; Ford, K; Harrison, T J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Fritsch, M; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; Kelly, M P; Latham, T E; Wilson, F F; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Kyberd, P; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Hartfiel, B L; Gary, J W; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; MacFarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Dahmes, B; Levy, S L; Long, O; Lu, A; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schmitz, R E; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Yang, S; Jayatilleke, S M; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Abe, T; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Chen, S; Clark, P J; Ford, W T; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Rankin, P; Smith, J G; Zhang, L; Chen, A; Harton, J L; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zeng, Q L; Altenburg, D; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Colberg, T; Dickopp, M; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Lacker, H M; Maly, E; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Petzold, A; Schubert, J; Schubert, Klaus R; Schwierz, R; Spaan, B; Sundermann, J E; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Brochard, F; Grenier, P; Schrenk, S; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Khan, A; Lavin, D; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Andreotti, M; Azzolini, V; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Sarti, A; Treadwell, E; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Bailey, S; Brandenburg, G; Morii, M; Won, E; Dubitzky, R S; Langenegger, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Gaillard, J R; Morton, G W; Nash, J A; Taylor, G P; Grenier, G J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Lamsa, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Yi, J; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Laplace, S; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Petersen, T C; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Tantot, L; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Simani, M C; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Coleman, J P; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gamet, R; Parry, R J; Payne, D J; Sloane, R J; Touramanis, C; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Mohanty, G B; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; Green, M G; Marker, C E; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Vaitsas, G; Winter, M A; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Hart, P A; Hodgkinson, M C; Lafferty, G D; Lyon, A J; Williams, J C; Farbin, A; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Lillard, V; Roberts, D A; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Flood, K T; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Koptchev, V B; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Willocq, S; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Mangeol, D J J; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L M; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Wilden, L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Gabriel, T A; Allmendinger, T; Brau, B; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Potter, C T; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Colecchia, F; Dorigo, A; Galeazzi, F; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Tiozzo, G; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; La Vaissière, C de; Del Buono, L; Hamon, O; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Ocariz, J; Pivk, M; Roos, L; T'Jampens, S; Therin, G; Manfredi, P F; Re, V; Behera, P K; Gladney, L; Guo, Q H; Panetta, J; Anulli, F; Biasini, M; Peruzzi, I M; Pioppi, M; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bondioli, M; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Del Gamba, V; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Martínez-Vidal, F; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rama, M; Rizzo, G; Sandrelli, F; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Paick, K; Wagoner, D E; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lü, C; Miftakov, V; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Pierini, M; Piredda, G; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Christ, S; Wagner, G; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B J; Geddes, N I; Gopal, G P; Olaiya, E O; Aleksan, Roy; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Giraud, P F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Langer, M; Legendre, M; London, G W; Mayer, B; Schott, G; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Purohit, M V; Weidemann, A W; Yumiceva, F X; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Berger, N; Boyarski, A M; Buchmüller, O L; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; De Nardo, Gallieno; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Elsen, E E; Fan, S; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Hadig, T; Halyo, V; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Libby, J; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Petrak, S; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Simi, G; Snyder, A; Soha, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Vavra, J; Wagner, S R; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Young, C C; Burchat, Patricia R; Edwards, A J; Meyer, T I; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Saeed, M A; Saleem, M; Wappler, F R; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Kim, H; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Bóna, M; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Borean, C; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Grancagnolo, S; Lanceri, L; Poropat, P; Vitale, L; Vuagnin, G; Panvini, R S; Banerjee, Sw; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Jackson, P D; Kowalewski, R V; Roney, J M; Band, H R; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Eichenbaum, A M; Hollar, J J; Johnson, J R; Kutter, P E; Li, H; Liu, R; Di Lodovico, F; Mihályi, A; Mohapatra, A K; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Sekula, S J; Tan, P; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Wu, J; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Neal, H

    2004-01-01

    We search for B+/- --> [K^-/+ pi+/-]_D K+/- decays, where [K-/+ pi+/-]_D indicates that the K-/+ pi+/- pair originates from the decay of a D0 or D0bar. Results are based on 120 million Upsilon(4S) --> B Bbar decays collected with the BaBar detector at SLAC. We set an upper limit on the ratio R_Kpi = {Gamma(B+ --> [K- pi+]_D K+) + Gamma(B- --> [K+ pi-]_D K-)}/ {Gamma(B+ --> [K+ pi-]_D K+) + Gamma(B- --> [K- pi+]_D K-)} D0bar K-)/A(B- --> D0 K-)| D K will be difficult.

  12. Observation of B0 -> K*0 K*0bar and search for B0 -> K*0 K*0

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Graugès-Pous, E; López, L; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Osipenkov, I L; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Tanabé, T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schröder, T; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Vitug, G M; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Watson, J E; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Bequilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Bailey, D; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Zheng, Y; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; De La Vaissière, C; Hamon, O; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pérez, A; Prendki, J; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Biesiada, J; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Baracchini, E; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Castelli, G; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Röthel, W; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Escalier, M; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; White, R M; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ofte, I; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Wagner, A P; Weaver, M; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Ziegler, V; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Miyashita, T S; Petersen, B A; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Pelliccioni, M; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martínez-Vidal, F; Milanes, D A; Oyanguren, A; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Harrison, P F; Ilic, J; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Band, H R; Chen, X; Dasu, S; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Neal, H

    2007-01-01

    We report the observation of the b -> d penguin-dominated decay B0 -> K*0 K*0bar with a sample of 383.2 +/- 4.2 million BBbar pairs collected with the BaBar detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e^+e^- collider at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. The measured branching fraction is Br(B0 -> K*0 K*0bar) = [0.49^{+0.16}_{-0.13} +/- 0.05] x 10^{-6} and the fraction of longitudinal polarization f_L (B0 -> K*0 K*0bar) = 0.81^{+0.10}_{-0.12} +/- 0.06. The first error quoted is statistical and the second systematic. We also obtain an upper limit at the 90% confidence level on the branching fraction for Br(B0 ->K*0 K*0) < 0.18 x 10^{-6}.

  13. First observation of γγ → K*+K*-

    The final states KS0KS0π+π- and KS0K-+π0π±, produced in two-photon reactions, have been studied using the ARGUS detector at the e+e- storage ring DORIS II at DESY. The reaction γγ → K*+K*- has been observed for the first time. Its cross section is about eight times larger than that for γγ → K*0anti K*0, but it has a similar Wγγ dependence. (orig.)

  14. Observation of $\\pi^- K^+$ and $\\pi^+ K^-$ atoms

    DIRAC Collaboration

    2016-01-01

    The observation of hydrogen-like $\\pi K$ atoms, consisting of $\\pi^- K^+$ or $\\pi^+ K^-$ mesons, is presented. The atoms have been produced by 24 GeV/$c$ protons from the CERN PS accelerator, interacting with platinum or nickel foil targets. The breakup (ionisation) of $\\pi K$ atoms in the same targets yields characteristic $\\pi K$ pairs, called "atomic pairs", with small relative momenta in the pair centre-of-mass system. The upgraded DIRAC experiment has observed $349\\pm62$ such atomic $\\pi...

  15. B -> rho K and B -> pi K^* decays in SCET

    Faisel, Gaber

    2011-01-01

    Exploring hints of New Physics in the decay modes B -> pi K^* and B -> rho K can shed light on the B -> K pi puzzle. In this talk we discuss supersymmetric contributions to the direct CP asymmetries of the decays B -> pi K^* and B -> rho K within Soft Collinear Effective Theory. We consider non-minimal flavor SUSY contributions mediated by gluino exchange and apply the Mass Insertion Approximation in the analysis. We show that gluino contributions can enhance the CP asymmetries and accommodat...

  16. B -> \\rho K and B -> \\pi K^* decays in SCET

    Faisel, Gaber

    2011-01-01

    Exploring hints of New Physics in the decay modes $B -> \\pi K^*$ and $B -> \\rho K$ can shed light on the $B -> K \\pi$ puzzle. In this talk we discuss supersymmetric contributions to the direct CP asymmetries of the decays $B -> \\pi K^*$ and $B -> \\rho K$ within Soft Collinear Effective Theory. We consider non-minimal flavor SUSY contributions mediated by gluino exchange and apply the Mass Insertion Approximation (MIA) in the analysis. We show that gluino contributions can enhance the CP asymmetries and accommodate the experimental results.

  17. Generalised morphisms of k-graphs: k-morphs

    Kumjian, Alex; Pask, David; Sims, Aidan

    2007-01-01

    In a number of recent papers, (k+l)-graphs have been constructed from k-graphs by inserting new edges in the last l dimensions. These constructions have been motivated by C*-algebraic considerations, so they have not been treated systematically at the level of higher-rank graphs themselves. Here we introduce k-morphs, which provide a systematic unifying framework for these various constructions. We think of k-morphs as the analogue, at the level of k-graphs, of C*-correspondences between C*-a...

  18. On perfect k-matchings

    Lu, Hongliang

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we generalize the notions of perfect matchings, perfect 2-matchings to perfect k-matchings and give a necessary and sufficient condition for existence of perfect k-matchings. For bipartite graphs, we show that this k-matching problem is equivalent to that matching question. Moreover, for regular graphs, we provide a sufficient condition of perfect k-matching in terms of edge connectivity.

  19. Theoretical review of K physics

    Buras, Andrzej J.

    1996-01-01

    We review several aspects of K-Physics: i) Main targets of the field, ii) The theoretical framework for K-decays, iii) Standard analysis of the unitarity triangle, iv) epsilon'/epsilon, v) Rare and CP violating K-decays, vi) Comparision of the potentials of K --> pi nu nu-bar and CP-B asymmetries. vii) Some aspects of the physics beyond the Standard Model.

  20. Quantum k-Poincare 1994

    After a description of three distinguished bases proposed for k-Poincare algebra, the representations of the k-deformed Poincare algebra as differential operators acting on the functions of commuting moments are considered. Further, the duality between the k-Poincare algebra Un(P4) and the quantum Poincare group Pk is discussed. The recent developments of the k-deformed formalism are presented in conclusion. 51 refs

  1. Vitamin K Intake and Atherosclerosis

    It has been hypothesized that insufficient intake of vitamin K may increase soft tissue calcification due to impaired gamma-carboxylation of the vitamin K-dependent protein, matrix gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (MGP). The evidence to support this putative role of vitamin K intake in atherosclerosis is ...

  2. K-Kolmogorov homology groups

    In the present work we use the idea of the K-groups to define the K-Kolmogorov homology groups, and their induced homomorphisms and boundary operators for the case of a pair of discrete coefficient groups, where K denotes a locally-finite simplicial complex. Moreover, we prove that our homology construction is exact. (author)

  3. K^* Mesons and Nucleon Strangeness

    Barz, L. L.; Forkel, H.; Hammer, H. -W.; Navarra, F. S.; Nielsen, M; Ramsey-Musolf, M. J.

    1998-01-01

    We study contributions to the nucleon strange quark vector current form factors from intermediate states containing K^* mesons. We show how these contributions may be comparable in magnitude to those made by K mesons, using methods complementary to those employed in quark model studies. We also analyze the degree of theoretical uncertainty associated with K^* contributions.

  4. Nazaj k uporu!

    Simona Zavratnik

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Članek prinaša premisleke o vstajniških praksah, o »kulturi upora«, ki je konec leta 2012 zajela slovenski prostor. Poudarjena sta dva sklopa: vpetost lokalnih manifestacij vstajništva v globalne matrice uporov, kar je tematizirano skozi akcije solidarnosti in mreženja s turškimi aktivisti, večinoma študentov v Ljubljani (primer aktivacije s pomočjo skupnosti »Occupy Gezi – Ljubljana«, in vsebinski poudarki in izostanki, to so centralizirane osrednje vsebine vstaj in obrobnejši upori, kakršna sta bila »Protest iz obupa« in solidariziranje z mariborskimi livarji. Nove kristalizacijske točke uporov se bodo verjetno odvijale na področju socialnih in delavskih pravic, ki so osrednje »novo« bojišče družbenih neenakosti, revščine in preživetja. »Nazaj k uporu!« kliče novodobni prekerni delavec, ki lahko kadarkoli izgubi službo, stanovanje, socialno zavarovanje.

  5. CP violating phase $\\gamma$ and the partial widths asymmetry in $B^- \\to \\pi^+ \\pi^- K^-$ and $B^- \\to K^+ K^- K^-$ decays

    Fajfer, S.; Oakes, R. J.; Pham, T. N.

    2002-01-01

    Motivated by recent Belle measurement of the branching ratios $B^- \\to \\pi^+ \\pi^- K^-$ and $B^- \\to K^+ K^- K^-$ and $B^\\pm \\to \\chi_{c0} K^\\pm$, we investigate the CP violating asymmetry in the partial widths for the decays $B^- \\to \\pi^+ \\pi^- K^-$ and $B^- \\to K^+ K^- K^-$, which results from the interference of the nonresonant decay amplitude with the resonant amplitude $B^\\pm \\to \\chi_{c0} K^\\pm $ $ \\to\\pi^+ \\pi^- K^\\pm $ and $B^\\pm \\to \\chi_{c0} K^\\pm$ $ \\to K^+ K^- K^-$. By taking $\\g...

  6. Vitamin K and Hemostasis - Review

    Fatih Demirtaş

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Vitamin K is necessary for the synthesis of the proteins that help control bleeding (clotting factors and thus for the normal clotting of blood. Newborns are prone to vitamin K deficiency because only small amounts of vitamin K cross the placenta and because, during the first few days after birth, their intestine does not contain bacteria to produce vitamin K. The deficiency can cause hemorrhagic disease of the newborn, characterized by a tendency to bleed. A vitamin K injection in the muscle is recommended for all newborns to reduce the risk of bleeding within the brain after delivery. (Journal of Current Pediatrics 2010; 8: 113-8

  7. K1K8: an Hp1404-derived antibacterial peptide.

    Li, Zhongjie; Liu, Gaomin; Meng, Lanxia; Yu, Weiwei; Xu, Xiaobo; Li, Wenxin; Wu, Yingliang; Cao, Zhijian

    2016-06-01

    As an alternative class of antimicrobial agents used to overcome drug-resistant infections, antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have recently gained significant attention. In this study, we designed an improved antimicrobial peptide, K1K8, based on the molecular template of Hp1404. Compared to the wild-type Hp1404, K1K8 showed an improved antibacterial spectrum in vitro, a lower hemolytic activity, and an enhanced serum stability. Importantly, K1K8 also decreased methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacterial counts in the wounded region in a mouse skin infection model. Interestingly, K1K8 did not induce bacterial resistance or non-specific immune response reactions. Moreover, the peptide killed bacterial cells mainly by disrupting the bacterial membrane. In summary, K1K8 has the potential to be used as an improved anti-infection agent for topical use, which opens an avenue that potential anti-infection drugs may be designed and developed from the molecular templates of AMPs. PMID:26952110

  8. Measurements of the Branching Fractions of B0 --> K^*0K+K-, B0 --> K^*0pi+K-, B0 --> K*0K+pi-, and B0 --> K*0pi+pi-

    Aubert, B; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Graugès-Pous, E; López, L; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Osipenkov, I L; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Tanabé, T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Koch, H; Schröder, T; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Vitug, G M; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Watson, J E; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Bequilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Bailey, D; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Zheng, Y; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Sekula, S J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; De La Vaissière, C; Hamon, O; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pérez, A; Prendki, J; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Biesiada, J; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Baracchini, E; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Castelli, G; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Röthel, W; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Escalier, M; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; White, R M; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ofte, I; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Wagner, A P; Weaver, M; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Ziegler, V; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Miyashita, T S; Petersen, B A; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Pelliccioni, M; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martínez-Vidal, F; Milanes, D A; Oyanguren, A; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Harrison, P F; Ilic, J; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Band, H R; Chen, X; Dasu, S; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Neal, H

    2007-01-01

    Branching fraction and asymmetry measurements of charmless $B^0\\to K^{*0}h^+_1h^-_2$ ($h_{1,2}$ = $K$, $\\pi$) decays are presented, using a data sample of 383 million $\\Upsilon(4S) \\to$ $B\\bar{B$} decays collected with the BaBar detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy $B$-meson factory at SLAC. The results are: ${\\cal B}$($B^0 \\to K^{*0}K^+ K^-)$ = (27.5 $\\pm$ 1.3 $\\pm$ 2.2) $\\times$ 10$^{-6}$, ${\\cal B}$($B^0$ $\\to$ $K^{*0}\\pi^+ K^-$) = (4.6 $\\pm$ 1.1 $\\pm$ 0.8) $\\times$ 10$^{-6}$ and ${\\cal B}$($B^0$ $\\to$ $K^{*0}\\pi^+\\pi^-$) = (54.5 $\\pm$ 2.9 $\\pm$ 4.3) $\\times$ 10$^{-6}$. The first errors quoted are statistical and the second are systematic. An upper limit is set for ${\\cal B}$($B^0$ $\\to$ $K^{*0}K^+ \\pi^-$) $<$ 2.2 $\\times$ 10$^{-6}$ at 90% confidence level.

  9. Charmless B→Khη(') decays with Kh=K, K*, K0*(1430), K2*(1430)

    We study the charmless decays B→Khη and B→Khη' within the framework of QCD factorization (QCDF) for Kh=K, K*, K0*(1430) and naive factorization for Kh=K2*(1430). There are three distinct types of penguin contributions: (i) b→sqq→sηq, (ii) b→sss→sηs, and (iii) b→sqq→qKh, where ηq=(uu+dd)/√(2) and ηs=ss. B→K(*)η(') decays are dominated by type-II and type-III penguin contributions. The interference, constructive for Kη' and K*η and destructive for Kη and K*η', between type-II and type-III diagrams explains the pattern of Γ(B→Kη')>>Γ(B→Kη) and Γ(B→K*η')*η). Within QCDF, the observed large rate of the Kη' mode can be naturally explained without invoking flavor-singlet contributions or something exotic. The decay pattern for B→K0*(1430)η(') decays depends on whether the scalar meson K0*(1430) is an excited state of κ or a lowest-lying P-wave qq state. Hence, the experimental measurements of B→K0*(1430)η(') can be used to explore the quark structure of K0*(1430). If K0*(1430) is a low-lying qq bound state, we find that K0*η has a rate slightly larger than K0*η' owing to the fact that the η-η' mixing angle in the ηq, ηs flavor basis is less than 45 degree sign , in agreement with experiment. The type-III penguin diagram does not contribute to B→K2*η(') under the factorization hypothesis and the type-II diagram dominates. The ratio Γ(B→K2*η')/Γ(B→K2*η) is expected to be of order 2.5 as a consequence of (i) |fη's|>|fηs| and (ii) a destructive (constructive) interference between type-I and type-II penguin diagrams for K2*η (K2*η'). However, the predicted rates of B→K2*η(') in naive factorization are too small by 1 order of magnitude and this issue remains to be resolved. There are two K(*)η(') modes in which direct CP asymmetries have been measured with significance around 4σ: ACP(K-η)=-0.37±0.09 and ACP(K*0η)=0.19±0.05. In QCDF, power corrections from penguin annihilation which are needed to

  10. Search for the decay B^0 --> K^0_S K^0_S K^0_L

    Aubert, B.

    2006-06-27

    The authors present the first search for the decay B{sup 0} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0} K{sub S}{sup 0} K{sub L}{sup 0} using a data sample of 232 million B{bar B} pairs. They find no statistically significant evidence for the non-resonant component of this decay. Our central value for the branching fraction, assuming the tru Dalitz distribution is uniform and excluding the {phi} resonance, is {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0} K{sub S}{sup 0} K{sub L}{sup 0}) = (2.4{sub -2.5}{sup +2.7} {+-} 0.6) x 10{sup -6} where the errors are statistical and systematic, respectively. They set a single-side Bayesian upper limit of {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0} K{sub S}{sup 0} K{sub L}{sup 0}) < 6.4 x 10{sup -6} at 90% confidence level using a uniform prior probability for physical values. Assuming the worst-case true Dalitz distribution, where the signal is entirely in the region of lowest efficiency, the 90% confidence level upper limit is {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0} K{sub S}{sup 0} K{sub L}{sup 0}) < 14 x 10{sup -6}.

  11. Charmless B→Khη(') decays with Kh=K, K*, K0*(1430), K2*(1430)

    Cheng, Hai-Yang; Chua, Chun-Khiang

    2010-08-01

    We study the charmless decays B→Khη and B→Khη' within the framework of QCD factorization (QCDF) for Kh=K, K*, K0*(1430) and naive factorization for Kh=K2*(1430). There are three distinct types of penguin contributions: (i) b→sqq¯→sηq, (ii) b→sss¯→sηs, and (iii) b→sqq¯→qK¯h, where ηq=(uu¯+dd¯)/2 and ηs=ss¯. B→K(*)η(') decays are dominated by type-II and type-III penguin contributions. The interference, constructive for Kη' and K*η and destructive for Kη and K*η', between type-II and type-III diagrams explains the pattern of Γ(B→Kη')≫Γ(B→Kη) and Γ(B→K*η')≪Γ(B→K*η). Within QCDF, the observed large rate of the Kη' mode can be naturally explained without invoking flavor-singlet contributions or something exotic. The decay pattern for B→K0*(1430)η(') decays depends on whether the scalar meson K0*(1430) is an excited state of κ or a lowest-lying P-wave qq¯ state. Hence, the experimental measurements of B→K0*(1430)η(') can be used to explore the quark structure of K0*(1430). If K0*(1430) is a low-lying qq¯ bound state, we find that K0*η has a rate slightly larger than K0*η' owing to the fact that the η-η' mixing angle in the ηq, ηs flavor basis is less than 45°, in agreement with experiment. The type-III penguin diagram does not contribute to B→K2*η(') under the factorization hypothesis and the type-II diagram dominates. The ratio Γ(B→K2*η')/Γ(B→K2*η) is expected to be of order 2.5 as a consequence of (i) |fη's|>|fηs| and (ii) a destructive (constructive) interference between type-I and type-II penguin diagrams for K2*η (K2*η'). However, the predicted rates of B→K2*η(') in naive factorization are too small by 1 order of magnitude and this issue remains to be resolved. There are two K(*)η(') modes in which direct CP asymmetries have been measured with significance around 4σ: ACP(K-η)=-0.37±0.09 and ACP(K¯*0η)=0.19±0.05. In QCDF, power corrections from penguin annihilation which

  12. Observation of the Decay B+ --> K+K-pi+

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Graugès-Pous, E; López, L; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Osipenkov, I L; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Tanabé, T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Pelizaeus, M; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Watson, J E; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Bequilleux, J; D'Orazio, A; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Burke, J P; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Zheng, Y; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; Knoepfel, K J; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; De La Vaissière, C; Hamon, O; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pérez, A; Prendki, J; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Haire, M; Biesiada, J; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Baracchini, E; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; Del Re, D; Di, E; Marco; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Castelli, G; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Ricciardi, S; Röthel, W; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Escalier, M; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Berger, N; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ofte, I; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Van Bakel, N; Wagner, A P; Weaver, M; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Pelliccioni, M; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martínez-Vidal, F; Milanes, D A; Oyanguren, A; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Gershon, T J; Harrison, P F; Ilic, J; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Band, H R; Chen, X; Dasu, S; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Neal, H

    2007-01-01

    We report the observation of charmless hadronic decays of charged B mesons to the final state K+K-pi+. Using a data sample of 347.5 fb^-1 collected at the Y(4S) resonance with the BABAR detector, we observe 429+/-43 signal events with a significance of 9.6 sigma. We measure the inclusive branching fraction BF(B+ --> K+K-pi+) = [5.0+/-0.5(stat.)+/-0.5(syst.)]x10^-6. Inspection of the Dalitz plot of signal candidates shows a broad structure peaking near 1.5 GeV/c^2 in the K+K- invariant mass distribution. We find the direct CP asymmetry to be consistent with zero.

  13. Photoproduction of the K+ K0-(1750)

    Mitchell, Ryan Edward

    2003-01-01

    While photoproduction has often been advertised as an important environment in which to study light meson spectroscopy, solid experimental results are sparse. In fact, beyond the relatively straightforward photoproduction of the {rho}, {omega}, and {phi} mesons, the few results of exclusive photoproduction that do exist are poorly understood, and several, perhaps, have even been misinterpreted. After extensively reviewing the sometimes tenuous history of the exclusive photoproduction of the ''{rho}{sup 1}(1600)'', the ''{omega}{pi}{sup 0}(1250)'', the ''{omega}(1650)'', and the ''K{sup +}K{sup -}(1750)'', new results from the E831/FOCUS photoproduction experiment at Fermilab are presented which address the interpretation of the K{sup +}K{sup -}(1750). This enhancement in low-p{sub T} K{sup +}K{sup -} pairs at a mass near 1750 MeV/c{sup 2} has been observed by several previous photoproduction experiments, but, despite several apparent inconsistencies, it has always been interpreted as the J{sup PC} = 1{sup --} {phi}(1680) meson. With nearly two orders of magnitude more events than any previous observation of the K{sup +}K{sup -}(1750), and based on precise measurements of its mass and width, and its absence from the K*K final state, the FOCUS data can finally render this interpretation implausible. In addition, several steps have been taken towards establishing a new interpretation. Based on limited angular analyses of its decay and the beam energy dependence of its production, they argue that, in the absence of any wild interference scenarios, the K{sup +}K{sup -}(1750) has J{sup PC} {ne} 1{sup --}, and, in fact, the most likely assignment appears to be 2{sup ++}. It is hoped that this work can help set the stage for future reevaluations and new insights in photoproduction.

  14. Amplitude analysis of D0->K+K-pi+pi-

    Artuso, M; Mountain, R; Skwarnicki, T; Stone, S; Zhang, L M; Gershon, T; Bonvicini, G; Cinabro, D; Lincoln, A; Smith, M J; Zhou, P; Zhu, J; Naik, P; Rademacker, J; Asner, D M; Edwards, K W; Randrianarivony, K; Tatishvili, G; Briere, R A; Vogel, H; Onyisi, P U E; Rosner, J L; Alexander, J P; Cassel, D G; Das, S; Ehrlich, R; Gibbons, L; Gray, S W; Hartill, D L; Heltsley, B K; Kreinick, D L; Kuznetsov, V E; Patterson, J R; Peterson, D; Riley, D; Ryd, A; Sadoff, A J; Shi, X; Sun, W M; Yelton, J; Rubin, P; Lowrey, N; Mehrabyan, S; Selen, M; Wiss, J; Libby, J; Kornicer, M; Mitchell, R E; Besson, D; Pedlar, T K; Cronin-Hennessy, D; Hietala, J; Dobbs, S; Metreveli, Z; Seth, K K; Tomaradze, A; Xiao, T; Martin, L; Powell, A; Spradlin, P; Wilkinson, G; Ge, J Y; Miller, D H; Shipsey, I P J; Xin, B; Adams, G S; Napolitano, J; Ecklund, K M; Insler, J; Muramatsu, H; Park, C S; Pearson, L J; Thorndike, E H; Ricciardi, S; Thomas, C

    2012-01-01

    The first flavor-tagged amplitude analysis of the decay D0 to the self-conjugate final state K+K-pi+pi- is presented. Data from the CLEO II.V, CLEO III, and CLEO-c detectors are used, from which around 3000 signal decays are selected. The three most significant amplitudes, which contribute to the model that best fits the data, are phirho0, K1(1270)+-K-+, and non-resonant K+K-pi+pi-. Separate amplitude analyses of D0 and D0-bar candidates indicate no CP violation among the amplitudes at the level of 5% to 30% depending on the mode. In addition, the sensitivity to the CP-violating parameter gamma/phi3 of a sample of 2000 B+ -> D0-tilde(K+K-pi+pi-)K+ decays, where D0-tilde is a D0 or D0-bar, collected at LHCb or a future flavor facility, is estimated to be (11.3 +/- 0.3) degrees using the favored model.

  15. Neighborhood Union and Connected [k, k + 1]-Factors in Graphs%图的邻域并和连通的[k,k+1]-因子

    刘红霞; 乔贵平

    2013-01-01

    Let G be a graph of order n. A spanning subgraph F of G is called a[ k, k + 1 ] -factor if k≤dF(x) ≤ k + 1 holds for each x∈V(G). A [k, k + 1]-factor is called a connected [k, k + 1 ] -factor if it is connected. A [k, k + 1 ]-factor F is called a Hamilton [k, k + 1 ] -factor if F contains a Hamilton cycle. In this paper, sev-eralsufficient conditions related to neighborhood union for graphs to have connected [ k, k + 1 ] -factors or Hamilton [k, k + 1]-factors are given.%设G是阶为n的图.F是G的支撑子图且对所有的x∈ V(G)都有k≤dF(x)≤k+1,则称F为G的[k,k+1]-因子.一个[k,k+1]-因子如果连通,则称为连通的[k,k+1]-因子.一个[k,k+1]-因子若包含一个哈密顿圈,则称为哈密顿[k,k+1]-因子.给出了图有哈密顿[k,k+1]-因子或连通的[k,k+1]-因子关于邻域并的若干新的充分条件.

  16. High Precision 40K/39K Ratio Determination

    Naumenko, M. O.; Mezger, K.; Nagler, T. F.; Villa, I. M.

    2012-12-01

    Potassium is one of the eight most abundant chemical elements in the Earth's crust and a major element in many rock-forming minerals. The isotope 40K is radioactive and undergoes β- decay to 40Ca (ca. 89.3%) and electron capture to 40Ar (ca. 10.7%). Both decays can potentially be used as dating systems. The most commonly used branch is the decay of 40K to 40Ar because it can yield highly precise ages. Both decay schemes rely on the knowledge of the 40K branching ratio and the natural 40K abundance. A 40K abundance of 0.011672±41 % was measured on terrestrial material [1]. The relative uncertainty of 0.35 % has not been improved since. Recent improvements in the precision of mass spectrometric measurements have led to the situation that the uncertainties on the K decay constant and the abundance of 40K are a major source of uncertainty on the measured ages. A more precise definition of the 40K decay constant was attempted by different research groups within the last decade [2-9] but the goal of obtaining 0.1 % relative uncertainty on K-Ar ages for geological materials, as requested by the EARTHtime initiative, has not been achieved yet. In order to improve on this situation we studied the abundances of the K isotopes in terrestrial standards. A ThermoFischer Triton+ thermal ionisation mass spectrometer was used for K isotope ratio measurements of the NIST SRM 918b K standard loaded on Ta filaments with 0.1M phosphoric acid. Three techniques were applied: (A) dynamic measurement with in-run normalisation to the IUPAC value 41K/39K=0.072168; (B) a simple total evaporation procedure; (C) the "NBL-modified" total evaporation [10]. The 40K ion beam was measured in a Faraday cup with a 1E12 Ω resistor; 39K and 41K were collected in Faraday cups with 1E11 Ω resistors. Amplifier gains were intercalibrated by supplying fixed voltages off-line. Different measurement techniques were combined with different loading procedures. We also tested ionisation yields for the

  17. OBLIKOVANJE K STRANKAM USMERJENEGA PODJETJA

    Jerič, Anja

    2011-01-01

    V diplomskem delu smo obravnavali strategijo usmerjenosti podjetja k stranki, pri kateri igrajo glavno vlogo stranka, njene želje in potrebe ter zadovoljitev le-teh. Glavni cilj strategije je bil predvsem oblikovanje podjetja tako, da bo usmerjeno k stranki, podprli pa smo ga s celovitim upravljanjem odnosov s strankami. Za Terme Snovik smo pripravili predlog strategije usmerjenosti k stranki ter predlog postavitve ogrodja upravljanja odnosov s strankami. Popisali smo tudi glavne procese, ki ...

  18. Distance k-Sectors Exist

    Imai, Keiko; Matoušek, Jiří; Reem, Daniel; Tokuyama, Takeshi

    2009-01-01

    The bisector of two nonempty sets P and Q in a metric space is the set of all points with equal distance to P and to Q. A distance k-sector of P and Q, where k is an integer, is a (k-1)-tuple (C_1, C_2, ..., C_{k-1}) such that C_i is the bisector of C_{i-1} and C_{i+1} for every i = 1, 2, ..., k-1, where C_0 = P and C_k = Q. This notion, for the case where P and Q are points in Euclidean plane, was introduced by Asano, Matousek, and Tokuyama, motivated by a question of Murata in VLSI design. They established the existence and uniqueness of the distance trisector in this special case. We prove the existence of a distance k-sector for all k and for every two disjoint, nonempty, closed sets P and Q in Euclidean spaces of any (finite) dimension, or more generally, in proper geodesic spaces (uniqueness remains open). The core of the proof is a new notion of k-gradation for P and Q, whose existence (even in an arbitrary metric space) is proved using the Knaster-Tarski fixed point theorem, by a method introduced by ...

  19. Transition probabilities between levels of K and K+

    In this work transition probabilities between Ievels of n < 11 for K and for the known of K+ are calculated. Two computer programs based on the Coulomb approximation and the most suitable coupling schemes has been used. Lifetimes of all these levels are also calculated. (Author)

  20. k2photometry: Read, reduce and detrend K2 photometry

    Van Eylen, Vincent; Nowak, Grzegorz; Albrecht, Simon;

    2016-01-01

    k2photometry reads, reduces and detrends K2 photometry and searches for transiting planets. MAST database pixel files are used as input; the output includes raw lightcurves, detrended lightcurves and a transit search can be performed as well. Stellar variability is not typically well-preserved but...

  1. $K^+$-nucleus potentials from $K^+$-nucleon amplitudes

    Friedman, E

    2016-01-01

    Optical potentials for $K^+$-nucleus interactions are constructed from $K^+$-nucleon amplitudes using recently developed algorithm based on $K^+$-N kinematics in the nuclear medium. With the deep penetration of $K^+$ mesons into the nucleus at momenta below 800~MeV/c it is possible to test this approach with greater sensitivity than hitherto done with $K^-$ and pions. The energy-dependence of experimental reaction and total cross sections on nuclei is better reproduced with this approach compared to fixed-energy amplitudes. The inclusion of Pauli correlations in the medium also improves the agreement between calculation and experiment. The absolute scale of the cross sections is reproduced very well for $^6$Li but for C, Si and Ca calculated cross sections are (23$\\pm4$)\\% smaller than experiment, in agreement with earlier analyses. Two phenomenological models that produce such missing strength suggest that the imaginary part of the potential needs about 40\\% enhancement.

  2. Study of CP violation in Dalitz-plot analyses of B0 to K K-KS, B to K K-K , and B to KSKSK

    Lees, J.P.

    2012-03-20

    We perform amplitude analyses of the decays B{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}K{sub s}{sup 0}, B{sup +} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}K{sup +}, and B{sup +} {yields}, and measure CP-violating parameters and partial branching fractions. The results are based on a data sample of approximately 470 x 10{sup 6} B{bar B} decays, collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy B factory at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. For B{sup +} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}K{sup +}, we find a direct CP asymmetry in B{sup +} {yields} {phi}(1020)K{sup +} of A{sub CP} = (12.8 {+-} 4.4 {+-} 1.3)%, which differs from zero by 2.8{sigma}. For B{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}K{sub s}{sup 0}, we measure the CP-violating phase {beta}{sub eff} ({phi}(1020)K{sub s}{sup 0}) = (21 {+-} 6 {+-} 2){sup o}. For B{sup +} {yields} K{sub s}{sup 0}K{sub s}{sup 0}K{sup +}, we measure an overall direct CP asymmetry of A{sub CP} = (4{sub -5}{sup +4} {+-} 2)%. We also perform an angular-moment analysis of the three channels, and determine that the f{sub X}(1500) state can be described well by the sum of the resonances f{sub 0}(1500), f{prime}{sub 2}(1525), and f{sub 0}(1710).

  3. Search for $B^0 \\to K^{*0} \\overline{K}{}^{*0}$, $B^0 \\to K^{*0} K^{*0}$ and $B^0 \\to K^+\\pi^- K^{\\mp}\\pi^{\\pm}$ Decays

    Chiang, C.-C.

    2010-01-01

    We report a search for the decays $B^0\\to K^{*0} \\overline{K}{}^{*0}$ and $B^0\\to K^{*0} K^{*0}$. We also measure other charmless decay modes with $K^+\\pi^-K^-\\pi^+$ and $K^{+}\\pi^{-}K^{+}\\pi^{-}$ final states. The results are obtained from a data sample containing $657 \\times 10^6$ $B \\overline B$ pairs collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy $e^+e^-$ collider. We set upper limits on the branching fractions for $B^0\\to K^{*0} \\kstarbar$ and $B^0\\to K^{*0} K^{*0}$ of $...

  4. Results from solar, atmospheric and K2K experiments and future possibilities with T2K

    Takaaki Kajita

    2006-10-01

    Recent results from solar, reactor, atmospheric and long baseline (K2K) experiments are discussed. With the improved data statistics and analyses, our knowledge on the neutrino masses and mixing angles are steadily improving. T2K is the next generation neutrino oscillation experiment between J-PARC in Tokai and Super-Kamiokande. This experiment will start in 2009. This experiment is expected to improve the current knowledge on the neutrino masses and mixings substantially.

  5. "Ird, K." sai Riias preemia

    2011-01-01

    7. Balti teatrifestivalil Riias sai Tartu Uue Teatri juht Ivar Põllu auhinna lavastuse "Ird, K." kontseptsiooni ja helikujunduse eest ning näitleja Nero Urke Kaarel Irdi rolli eest. Von Krahli Teatri truppi hinnati aja ja ruumi loova käsitluse eest lavastuses "The End"

  6. The "special K" in kaizen.

    McAtee, L F

    1999-05-01

    Do you want a strategy that guarantees the success of kaizen in your organization? This article will provide insights as to why one organization may succeed and another fails. Learn why the "Special K" is the difference. Idea will be presented on how to develop the "Special K" in others and ourselves. You will be challenged to become a "kaizener". PMID:10387784

  7. Resonances in coupled ?K, ?K scattering from lattice QCD

    Wilson, David J.; Dudek, Jozef J.; Edwards, Robert G.; Thomas, Christopher E.

    2015-01-01

    Coupled-channel $\\pi K$ and $\\eta K$ scattering amplitudes are determined by studying the finite-volume energy spectra obtained from dynamical lattice QCD calculations. Using a large basis of interpolating operators, including both those resembling a $q\\bar{q}$ construction and those resembling a pair of mesons with relative momentum, a reliable excited-state spectrum can be obtained. Working at ${m_\\pi=391\\,\\mathrm{MeV}}$, we find a gradual increase in the $J^P=0^+$ $\\pi K$ phase-shift which...

  8. Results from Super-Kamiokande and K2K

    M R Vagins

    2003-02-01

    Results from Super-Kamiokande-I’s entire 1496 live days of solar neutrino data are presented, including the absolute flux, energy spectrum, zenith angle (day/night) and seasonal variation. The possibility of MSW and vacuum oscillations is discussed in light of these results. Results from the first 1289 days of Super-K-I’s atmospheric neutrino analysis are also presented, including the evidence for → oscillations, against → sterile oscillations, and the current limits on proton decay. Finally, results based on 5.6 × 1019 protons on target are given for the K2K long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment.

  9. On Ramsey (3K2, K3) - minimal graphs

    Wijaya, Kristiana; Baskoro, Edy Tri; Assiyatun, Hilda; Suprijanto, Djoko

    2016-02-01

    The Ramsey graph theory has many interesting applications, such as in the fields of communications, information retrieval, and decision making. One of growing topics in Ramsey theory is Ramsey minimal graph. For any given graphs G and H, find graphs F such that any red-blue coloring of all edges of F contains either a red copy of G or a blue copy of H. If this condition is not satisfied by the graph F - e, then we call the graph F as a Ramsey (G, H) - minimal. In this paper, we derive the properties of (3K2, K3) - minimal graphs. We, then, characterize all Ramsey (3K2, K3) - minimal graphs.

  10. Dalitz Plot Analysis of D0-->K0bar K+ K-

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Graugès-Pous, E; Palano, A; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, Michael T; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Fritsch, M; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; Kelly, M P; Latham, T E; Wilson, F F; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Hartfiel, B L; Weinstein, A J R; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; MacFarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Lu, A; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Yang, S; Jayatilleke, S M; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Rankin, P; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Harton, J L; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zeng, Q; Spaan, B; Altenburg, D; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Dickopp, M; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Lacker, H M; Maly, E; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Petzold, A; Schott, G; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Grenier, P; Schrenk, S; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Azzolini, V; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Piemontese, L; Sarti, A; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De, R; Sangro; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Bailey, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Won, E; Dubitzky, R S; Langenegger, U; Marks, J; Uwer, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Gaillard, J R; Morton, G W; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Taylor, G P; Charles, M J; Grenier, G J; Mallik, U; Mohapatra, A K; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Lamsa, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Yi, J; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Giroux, X; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Petersen, T C; Pierini, M; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Simani, M C; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Chavez, C A; Coleman, J P; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Parry, R J; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Cormack, C M; Di Lodovico, F; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; Green, M G; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Winter, M A; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Hodgkinson, M C; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Chen, C; Farbin, A; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Lillard, V; Roberts, D A; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Koptchev, V B; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Willocq, S; Cowan, R; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L M; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Wilden, L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Benelli, G; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Lu, M; Potter, C T; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Colecchia, F; Dorigo, A; Galeazzi, F; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; La Vaissière, C de; Hamon, O; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Roos, L; Therin, G; Behera, P K; Gladney, L; Guo, Q H; Panetta, J; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Pioppi, M; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bondioli, M; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rama, M; Rizzo, G; Simi, G; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Paick, K; Wagoner, D E; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Miftakov, V; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Safai, F; Tehrani; Voena, C; Christ, S; Schröder, H; Wagner, G; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B J; Gopal, G P; Olaiya, E O; Aleksan, Roy; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Giraud, P F; Graziani, G; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Legendre, M; London, G W; Mayer, B; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Purohit, M V; Weidemann, A W; Wilson, J R; Yumiceva, F X; Abe, T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Berger, N; Boyarski, A M; Buchmüller, O L; Claus, R; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; De Nardo, Gallieno; Dingfelder, J C; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Fan, S; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Hadig, T; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Libby, J; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Soha, A; Stelzer, J; Strube, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Vavra, J; Wagner, S R; Weaver, M; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Ahmed, M; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Saeed, M A; Saleem, M; Wappler, F R; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Kim, H; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Bóna, M; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Grancagnolo, S; Lanceri, L; Poropat, P; Vitale, L; Vuagnin, G; Martínez-Vidal, F; Panvini, R S; Banerjee, S W; Bhuyan, B; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Hamano, K; Jackson, P D; Kowalewski, R V; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Mohanty, G B; Band, H R; Chen, X; Cheng, B; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Eichenbaum, A M; Flood, K T; Graham, M; Hollar, J J; Johnson, J R; Kutter, P E; Li, H; Liu, R; Mihályi, A; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Tan, P; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Wu, J; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Greene, M G; Neal, H

    2005-01-01

    A Dalitz plot analysis of approximately 12500 D0 events reconstructed in the hadronic decay D0-->K0bar K+ K- is presented. This analysis is based on a data sample of 91.5 fb-1 collected with the BaBar detector at the PEP-II asymmetric-energy e+ e- storage rings at SLAC running at center-of-mass energies on and 40 MeV below the Y4S resonance. The events are selected from e+ e- --> c cbar annihilations using the decay D*+ --> D0 pi+. The following ratio of branching fractions has been obtained: BR = Gamma(D0-->K0bar K+ K-)/Gamma(D0-->K0bar pi+ pi-) = (15.8+/-0.1(stat.)+/-0.5(syst.)x 10-2 Estimates of fractions and phases for resonant and non-resonant contributions to the Dalitz plot are also presented. The a0(980)-->K Kbar projection has been extracted with little background. A search for CP asymmetries on the Dalitz plot has been performed.

  11. k2photometry: Read, reduce and detrend K2 photometry

    Van Eylen, Vincent; Nowak, Grzegorz; Albrecht, Simon; Palle, Enric; Ribas, Ignasi; Bruntt, Hans; Perger, Manuel; Gandolfi, Davide; Hirano, Teriyuki; Sanchis-Ojeda, Roberto; Kiilerich, Amanda; Arranz, Jorge P.; Badenas, Mariona; Dai, Fei; Deeg, Hans J.; Guenther, Eike W.; Montanes-Rodriguez, Pilar; Narita, Norio; Rogers, Leslie A.; Bejar, Victor J. S.; Shrotriya, Tushar S.; Winn, Joshua N.; Sebastian, Daniel

    2016-02-01

    k2photometry reads, reduces and detrends K2 photometry and searches for transiting planets. MAST database pixel files are used as input; the output includes raw lightcurves, detrended lightcurves and a transit search can be performed as well. Stellar variability is not typically well-preserved but parameters can be tweaked to change that. The BLS algorithm used to detect periodic events is a Python implementation by Ruth Angus and Dan Foreman-Mackey (https://github.com/dfm/python-bls).

  12. K\\bar{K}-Continuum and Isoscalar Nucleon Form Factors

    Hammer, H. -W.; Ramsey-Musolf, M. J.

    1999-01-01

    We analyse the isoscalar vector current form factors of the nucleon using dispersion relations. In addition to the usual vector meson poles, we account for the K\\bar{K}-continuum contribution by drawing upon a recent analytic continuation of KN scattering amplitudes. For the Pauli form factor all strength in the \\phi region is already given by the continuum contribution, whereas for the Dirac form factor additional strength in the \\phi region is required. The pertinent implications for the le...

  13. POSITIVE SOLUTIONS TO(k,n-k) NONHOMOGENEOUS BOUNDARYVALUE PROBLEM

    2012-01-01

    By the Schauder fixed point theory,this paper establishes the existence of positive solutions to a(k,n k) m-point boundary value problem.We show that there exists a positive constant b such that the problem has at least one positive solution when the homogeneous boundary parameter is smaller than b,and no positive solution when this parameter is greater than b.

  14. Search for 2K(2\

    Gavriljuk, Ju M; Kazalov, V V; Kuzminov, V V; Panasenko, S I; Ratkevich, S S; Zhantudueva, D A; Yakimenko, S P

    2011-01-01

    Results of a search for Kr-78 double K-capture at the second stage of the experiment with high-pressure copper proportional counters are presented. The method is based on comparison of spectra measured with natural and enriched krypton. The total exposure of the low background measurements is for Kr-78 152 g*yr and for Kr-nat 106 g*yr. An excess of events was observed in the analysis of Kr-78 selected data collected during 2008-2010 years. This excess could correspond to a double K-capture of Kr-78 with the half-life of T_{1/2}(2K,2\

  15. Discriminative k-means clustering

    Arandjelovic, Ognjen

    2013-01-01

    The k-means algorithm is a partitional clustering method. Over 60 years old, it has been successfully used for a variety of problems. The popularity of k-means is in large part a consequence of its simplicity and efficiency. In this paper we are inspired by these appealing properties of k-means in the development of a clustering algorithm which accepts the notion of "positively" and "negatively" labelled data. The goal is to discover the cluster structure of both positive and negative data in...

  16. Sarjakuvaromaanin käsikirjoittaminen

    Ollikainen, Jari

    2012-01-01

    Tavoitteeni on tehdä käsikirjoituspohja sarjakuvalle, oppia hyvät ja huonot puolet sarjakuvan suunnittelemisessa ja kuinka sarjakuva lopulta tehdään. Suunnitelmat koostuvat ideasta, synopsiksesta, käsikirjoituksesta, luonnoksista ja sivuluonnoksista. Suunnitelmani ovat toinen osa kolmiosaisesta sarjakuvaromaanistani Unaware ja muodostavat opinnäytetyöni teososan. Tarkastelen käsikirjoituksen vaikutusta sarjakuvan tekemiseen: millainen työväline se on. On hyvä tietää aikooko tehdä stripin,...

  17. k-Parabolic Subspace Arrangements

    Severs, Christopher; White, Jacob

    2009-01-01

    Nous généralisons les arrangements k-égaux à tous les groupes de réflexions finis réels. Les arrangements ainsi obtenus sont dits k-paraboliques. Dans le cas où k = 2 nous retrouvons les arrangements de Coxeter qui sont bien connus. En 1971, Brieskorn démontra que le groupe fondamental associé au complément (complexe) de l'arrangement de Coxeter de type W est en fait isomorphe au groupe pure d'Artin de type W . En 1996, Khovanov donne une description algébrique du groupe fondamental du complé...

  18. Remark On K-Weak Convexity and K-Smoothness%关于"K-弱凸性与K-弱光滑性"一文的注记

    张子厚; 肖翔

    2005-01-01

    证明了K-弱凸性与K-弱光滑性分别等价于K-很凸性与K 很光滑性,从而统一了文献[1~2]的一些结果,并说明了把K-弱凸和K 弱光滑分别称为K-很凸和K-很光滑更确切.

  19. CP violation in K decays

    Recent theoretical and experimental progress on the manifestation of CP violation in K decays, and toward understanding whether CP violation originates in a phase, or phases, in the weak mixing matrix of quarks is reviewed. 23 refs., 10 figs

  20. k-Gap Interval Graphs

    Fomin, Fedor V; Golovach, Petr; Suchan, Karol; Szeider, Stefan; van Leeuwen, Erik Jan; Vatshelle, Martin; Villanger, Yngve

    2011-01-01

    We initiate the study of a new parameterization of graph problems. In a multiple interval representation of a graph, each vertex is associated to at least one interval of the real line, with an edge between two vertices if and only if an interval associated to one vertex has a nonempty intersection with an interval associated to the other vertex. A graph on n vertices is a k-gap interval graph if it has a multiple interval representation with at most n+k intervals in total. In order to scale up the nice algorithmic properties of interval graphs (where k=0), we parameterize graph problems by k, and find FPT algorithms for several problems, including Feedback Vertex Set, Dominating Set, Independent Set, Clique, Clique Cover, and Multiple Interval Transversal. The Coloring problem turns out to be W[1]-hard and we design an XP algorithm for the recognition problem.

  1. K nam prijezzhajet "Tramvai "Zhelanije""...

    2006-01-01

    5.-7. juulini toimuvad Estonia teatris Moskva Mossoveti-nim. Teatri külalisetendused. Juri Jerjomini lavastus Tennessee Williamsi järgi "Tramm nimega Iha" : Blanche - Jevgenija Krjukova ja Stella - Jekaterina Gusseva,

  2. Muusika Sinu kõhule

    2013-01-01

    BBQ Catering OÜst, mis pakub toitlustusteenust Narva Kolledži kohvikus Muna, Jõhvi Kontserdimaja kohvikus Mozart, Kiviõli Seiklusturismikeskuse kohvikus Hill Cafe ning suurüritustel ainulaadses haagis-köögis valmivate toitudega

  3. K You 48-2

    1994-01-01

    K You 48-2 is a new combination of early hybrid rice with good grain quality and high yield, developed by combining male sterile line K-Qing A having japonica cytoplasm and indica genome aodrestorer line Ce 48-2. In the regional trial of Hubei Province in 1991, its yield was 4.4% higher than that of the CK Weiyou 48-2,

  4. Spherical k-Means Clustering

    Kurt Hornik; Ingo Feinerer; Martin Kober; Christian Buchta

    2012-01-01

    Clustering text documents is a fundamental task in modern data analysis, requiring approaches which perform well both in terms of solution quality and computational efficiency. Spherical k-means clustering is one approach to address both issues, employing cosine dissimilarities to perform prototype-based partitioning of term weight representations of the documents. This paper presents the theory underlying the standard spherical k-means problem and suitable extensions, and intr...

  5. Yrast decays in 43K

    High-spin states in 43K were studied using the 9Be(36S,pnγ)43K reaction. Threefold (pγ1γ2) coincidence data and γ-ray intensity ratios were used to establish a decay scheme and identify negative- and positive-parity yrast decay chains. The 15/2- yrast state is relatively poorly aligned prior to decay. Energies of positive-parity levels predicted by Johnstone are in good agreement with experiment

  6. Dalitz Plot Analysis of the Decay B+ -> K+K+K-

    Dvoretskii, Alexei; /SLAC /Caltech

    2006-05-05

    The authors perform an analysis of the three-body charmless decay B{sup {+-}} {yields} K{sup {+-}}K{sup {+-}}K{sup {-+}} using a sample of 226.0 {+-} 2.5 million B{bar B} pairs collected by the BABAR detector and measure the total branching fraction and Cp asymmetry to be {beta} = (35.2 {+-} 0.9 {+-} 1.6) x 10{sup -6} and A{sub CP} = (-1.7 {+-} 2.6 {+-} 1.5)%. They fit the Dalitz plot distribution using an isobar model and report the measured values of magnitudes and phases of the production coefficients. The decay dynamics is dominated by the K{sup +}K{sup -} S-wave, for which we perform a partial-wave analysis in the region m(K{sup +}K{sup -}) < 2 GeV/c{sup 2}. They find no evidence of CP violation for individual components of the isobar model.

  7. Dalitz plot analysis of the decay B+- -> K+-K+-K-+

    Aubert, B; Bóna, M; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Graugès-Pous, E; Palano, A; Pappagallo, M; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Cottingham, W N; Walker, D; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, Yu K; Best, D S; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Zhang, L; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Spaan, B; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Petzold, A; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Grenier, P; Latour, E; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Flack, R L; Gaillard, J R; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Oyanguren, A; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, K A; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Kelly, M P; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Yi, J I; Chen, C; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Lae, C K; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Willocq, S Y; Cowan, R; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; Patel, P M; Potter, C T; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côte, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Del Re, D; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Benelli, G; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Jackson, P D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Galeazzi, F; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; La Vaissière, C de; Hamon, O; Hartfiel, B L; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Roos, L; Therin, G; Behera, P K; Gladney, L; Panetta, J; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Pioppi, M; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Wagoner, D E; Biesiada, J; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Wilson, F F; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Legendre, M; Mayer, B; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Weidemann, A W; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Berger, N; Boyarski, A M; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; Dingfelder, J C; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Libby, J; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Van Bakel, N; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Grancagnolo, S; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Martínez-Vidal, F; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R V; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Band, H R; Chen, X; Cheng, B; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Eichenbaum, A M; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Johnson, J R; Kutter, P E; Li, H; Liu, R; Mellado, B; Mihályi, A; Mohapatra, A K; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Tan, P; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Neal, H

    2006-01-01

    We analyze the three-body charmless decay B+- -> K+-K+-K-+ using a sample of 226.0 +- 2.5 million BBbar pairs collected by the BABAR detector. We measure the total branching fraction and CP asymmetry to be B = (35.2 +- 0.9 +-1.6) x 10^{-6} and A_CP = (-1.7 +- 2.6 +- 1.5)%. We fit the Dalitz plot distribution using an isobar model and measure the magnitudes and phases of the decay coefficients. We find no evidence of CP violation for the individual components of the isobar model. The decay dynamics is dominated by the K+K- S-wave, for which we perform a partial-wave analysis in the region m(K+K-) < 2 GeV/c^2. Significant production of the f0(980) resonance, and of a spin zero state near 1.55 GeV/c^2 are required in the isobar model description of the data. The partial-wave analysis supports this observation.

  8. Acetylcholinesterase Reactivators (HI-6, Obidoxime, Trimedoxime, K027, K075, K127, K203, K282: Structural Evaluation of Human Serum Albumin Binding and Absorption Kinetics

    Filip Zemek

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Acetylcholinesterase (AChE reactivators (oximes are compounds predominantly targeting the active site of the enzyme. Toxic effects of organophosphates nerve agents (OPNAs are primarily related to their covalent binding to AChE and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE, critical detoxification enzymes in the blood and in the central nervous system (CNS. After exposure to OPNAs, accumulation of acetylcholine (ACh overstimulates receptors and blocks neuromuscular junction transmission resulting in CNS toxicity. Current efforts at treatments for OPNA exposure are focused on non-quaternary reactivators, monoisonitrosoacetone oximes (MINA, and diacylmonoxime reactivators (DAM. However, so far only quaternary oximes have been approved for use in cases of OPNA intoxication. Five acetylcholinesterase reactivator candidates (K027, K075, K127, K203, K282 are presented here, together with pharmacokinetic data (plasma concentration, human serum albumin binding potency. Pharmacokinetic curves based on intramuscular application of the tested compounds are given, with binding information and an evaluation of structural relationships. Human Serum Albumin (HSA binding studies have not yet been performed on any acetylcholinesterase reactivators, and correlations between structure, concentration curves and binding are vital for further development. HSA bindings of the tested compounds were 1% (HI-6, 7% (obidoxime, 6% (trimedoxime, and 5%, 10%, 4%, 15%, and 12% for K027, K075, K127, K203, and K282, respectively.

  9. Tree and penguin amplitudes from B to pi pi, K pi, K bar{K}

    Zenczykowski, Piotr

    2009-01-01

    The question of the relative size of tree and penguin amplitudes is analyzed using the data on B to pi pi, B^+ to pi^+ K^0, and B^+ to K^+ \\bar{K}^0 decays. Our discussion involves an estimate of SU(3) breaking in the final quark-pair-creating hadronization process. The estimate is based on Regge phenomenology, which many years ago proved very successful in the description of soft hadronic physics. Accepting the Regge prediction as solid, it is then shown that the relative size and phase of t...

  10. Dalitz plot analysis of the decay B+- -> K+-K+-K-+

    The BABAR Collaboration; Aubert, B.

    2006-01-01

    We analyze the three-body charmless decay B+- -> K+-K+-K-+ using a sample of 226.0 +- 2.5 million BBbar pairs collected by the BABAR detector. We measure the total branching fraction and CP asymmetry to be B = (35.2 +- 0.9 +-1.6) x 10^{-6} and A_CP = (-1.7 +- 2.6 +- 1.5)%. We fit the Dalitz plot distribution using an isobar model and measure the magnitudes and phases of the decay coefficients. We find no evidence of CP violation for the individual components of the isobar model. The decay dyn...

  11. K

    Wild, Nicole

    2014-01-01

    LA KORRIGANE Ballet fantastique en deux actes et trois tableaux de François Coppée et Louis Mérante. Musique de Charles-Marie Widor. Création au Théâtre de l’Opéra (salle Garnier) le 1er décembre 1880 Décors de Jean-Baptiste Lavastre (A. I), Auguste Rubé et Philippe Chaperon (A. II). Costumes d’Eugène Lacoste. A. I : Place de l’église. A. II : La lande. 1. Esquisse de décor de l’acte I, par Philippe Chaperon Plume, aquarelle et gouache. Signée en bas à g. : Ph. Chaperon, s. d. H. 345 x L. 420...

  12. Study of eta K(K)over-bar and eta ' K(K)over-bar with the fixed center approximation to Faddeev equations

    Liang, W.H.; Xiao, Chu Wen; Oset Báguena, Eulogio

    2013-01-01

    In the present work we investigate the three-body systems of eta K (K) over bar and eta'K (K) over bar, by taking the fixed center approximation to Faddeev equations. We find a clear and stable resonance structure around 1490 MeV in the squared eta K (K) over bar scattering amplitude, which is not sensitive to the renormalization parameters. Conversely, we get only an enhancement effect of the threshold in the eta'K (K) over bar amplitude that indicates the difficulty to bind the eta'K (K) ov...

  13. Test of the $h_1(1830)$ made of $K^{*}\\bar{K}^*$ with the $\\eta_c\\rightarrow \\phi K^{*}\\bar{K}^{*}$ decay

    Ren, Xiu-Lei; Geng, Li-Sheng; Oset, Eulogio; Meng, Jie

    2014-01-01

    We present a new reaction, complementary to the $J/\\psi\\rightarrow \\eta K^{*0}\\bar{K}^{*0}$ from which an $h_1$ resonance with mass around $1830$ MeV was reported from a BESIII experiment. The new reaction is $\\eta_c\\rightarrow \\phi K^*\\bar{K}^*$, or $\\eta_c(2S)\\rightarrow \\phi K^*\\bar{K}^*$. Using the information from the analysis of $J/\\psi\\rightarrow \\eta K^{*0}\\bar{K}^{*0}$, we find that the $K^*\\bar{K}^*$ invariant mass distribution for those two $\\eta_c$ decays exhibits a clear peak aro...

  14. Delegeerimisvaegus ja kõva käe poliitika / Vello Rääk

    Rääk, Vello

    2005-01-01

    Kenneth H. Blanchardi juhtimistiilide testist, mille abil saab määratleda, millist eestvedamisstiili inimesed ühes või teises situatsioonis kasutavad. Tabel: Eestvedamise stiilid rahvuste kaupa. Vt. samas: Mõtlemise koht; Suure ringi küsimus

  15. $K^{+}$ momentum spectrum from $(K^{-},K^{+})$ reactions in intranuclear cascade model

    Nara, Y; Harada, T; Engel, A

    1996-01-01

    In a framework of intranuclear cascade (INC) type calculation, we study a momentum spectrum in reactions \\KK at a beam momentum of 1.65 GeV/c. INC model calculations are compared with the relativistic impulse approximation (RIA) calculations to perform the detailed study of the reaction mechanism. We find that the INC model can reproduce the experimental data on various targets. Especially, in the low-momentum region, the forward-angle cross sections of the $(K^-,K^+)$ reaction on from light to heavy targets are consistently explained with the two-step strangeness exchange and production processes with various intermediate mesons, and $\\phi$, $a_0$ and $f_0$ productions and their decay into $K^+K^-$. In the two-step processes, inclusion of meson and hyperon resonances is found to be essential.

  16. Knæk kønnets koder

    Rennison, Betina Wolfgang

    2012-01-01

    Hvorfor er der så få kvinder i toppen af dansk erhvervsliv? Forklaringerne er utallige, og debattens mange stemmer præget af vidt forskellige grundsynspunkter. Betina Rennison fra CBS har nærstuderet de senere års ligestillingsdebat og giver et veldokumenteret overblik over debattens stridende ko...... koder og deres syn på køn og ledelse.Få hendes bud på, hvad der skal til for at knække kønnets koder og orientere dig i en debat, hvor det ellers kan være svært at hitte rede i alle argumenterne....

  17. Glial K(+) Clearance and Cell Swelling

    Macaulay, Nanna; Zeuthen, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    space into the glial cell are debated. Although spatial buffer currents may occur, their quantitative contribution to K(+) clearance is uncertain. The concept of spatial buffering of K(+) precludes intracellular K(+) accumulation and is therefore (i) difficult to reconcile with the K(+) accumulation...... repeatedly observed in glial cells during K(+) clearance and (ii) incompatible with K(+)-dependent glial cell swelling. K(+) uptake into non-voltage clamped cultured glial cells is carried out by the Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase and the Na(+)/K(+)/Cl(-) cotransporter in combination. In brain slices and intact optic...... nerve, however, only the Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase has been demonstrated to be involved in stimulus-evoked K(+) clearance. The glial cell swelling associated with K(+) clearance is prevented under conditions that block the activity of the Na(+)/K(+)/Cl(-) cotransporter. The Na(+)/K(+)/Cl(-) cotransporter is...

  18. k-fold coloring of planar graphs

    2010-01-01

    A k-fold n-coloring of G is a mapping φ: V (G) → Zk(n) where Zk(n) is the collection of all ksubsets of {1,2,...,n} such that φ(u) ∩φ(v) = φ if uv ∈ E(G).If G has a k-fold n-coloring,i.e.,G is k-fold n-colorable.Let the smallest integer n such that G is k-fold n-colorable be the k-th chromatic number,denoted by χk(G).In this paper,we show that any outerplanar graph is k-fold 2k-colorable or k-fold χk(C*)-colorable,where C* is a shortest odd cycle of G.Moreover,we investigate that every planar graph with odd girth at least 10k-9(k 3) can be k-fold (2k + 1)-colorable.

  19. K-Basins design guidelines

    Roe, N.R.; Mills, W.C.

    1995-06-01

    The purpose of the design guidelines is to enable SNF and K Basin personnel to complete fuel and sludge removal, and basin water mitigation by providing engineering guidance for equipment design for the fuel basin, facility modifications (upgrades), remote tools, and new processes. It is not intended to be a purchase order reference for vendors. The document identifies materials, methods, and components that work at K Basins; it also Provides design input and a technical review process to facilitate project interfaces with operations in K Basins. This document is intended to compliment other engineering documentation used at K Basins and throughout the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project. Significant provisions, which are incorporated, include portions of the following: General Design Criteria (DOE 1989), Standard Engineering Practices (WHC-CM-6-1), Engineering Practices Guidelines (WHC 1994b), Hanford Plant Standards (DOE-RL 1989), Safety Analysis Manual (WHC-CM-4-46), and Radiological Design Guide (WHC 1994f). Documents (requirements) essential to the engineering design projects at K Basins are referenced in the guidelines.

  20. K-Basins design guidelines

    The purpose of the design guidelines is to enable SNF and K Basin personnel to complete fuel and sludge removal, and basin water mitigation by providing engineering guidance for equipment design for the fuel basin, facility modifications (upgrades), remote tools, and new processes. It is not intended to be a purchase order reference for vendors. The document identifies materials, methods, and components that work at K Basins; it also Provides design input and a technical review process to facilitate project interfaces with operations in K Basins. This document is intended to compliment other engineering documentation used at K Basins and throughout the Spent Nuclear Fuel Project. Significant provisions, which are incorporated, include portions of the following: General Design Criteria (DOE 1989), Standard Engineering Practices (WHC-CM-6-1), Engineering Practices Guidelines (WHC 1994b), Hanford Plant Standards (DOE-RL 1989), Safety Analysis Manual (WHC-CM-4-46), and Radiological Design Guide (WHC 1994f). Documents (requirements) essential to the engineering design projects at K Basins are referenced in the guidelines

  1. K-theory and arithmetic

    The main focus in these notes is on the relation between special values of zeta-functions of global fields and orders of cohomology groups and algebraic K-theory groups attached to rings of integers, a relation extending Dirichlet's analytic class number formula. The function field case serves as a motivation for the study of etale cohomology and its relation to Iwasawa theory. We describe the basic properties of etale cohomology groups, and study in particular Galois descent and co-descent for Galois extensions, the modifications - positive etale cohomology - needed to treat the case of the prime 2, and suitable 'globalizations'. We provide a brief introduction to Iwasawa theory, concentrating on the relation between the Main Conjecture and the orders of certain etale cohomology groups. The connection to algebraic K-groups is obtained via etale Chern characters, and we discuss the recent progress on the Quillen-Lichtenbaum Conjecture, which is implied by a conjecture of Bloch-Kato on the Galois symbols in Milnor K-theory. This also leads to a reformulation of the Lichtenbaum Conjectures in terms of motivic cohomology rather than K-theory. Finally, we describe the impact of these results on the study of the K-groups of Z and their relation to Vandiver's Conjecture. (author)

  2. NASCAP-2K: An Overview

    Mandell, M. J.; Davis, V. A.; Gardner, B. M.; Mikellides, I. G.; Cooke, D. L.; Minor, J.

    2004-01-01

    Nascap-2k is the modern replacement for the older 3-D charging codes NASCAP/GEO, NASCAP/LEO, POLAR, and DynaPAC. Built on the DynaPAC kernel and incorporating surface charging, environment and space potential models from the older codes, Nascap-2k performs charging calculations for a wide variety of space environments under control of a unified graphical interface. In this paper we illustrate the use of Nascap-2k for spacecraft charging calculations. We touch on some of the unique physical and mathematical models on which the code is based. Examples/demos include the use of Object Toolkit, charging calculations in geosynchronous substorm, solar wind, low earth orbit, and auroral environments, and display and analysis of surface potentials, space potentials and particle trajectories.

  3. Highlights from T2K

    Hadley David

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available T2K is a long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. A high intensity proton beam at J-PARC produces a narrow-band muon-neutrino beam with a peak energy of 0.6 GeV at the far detector, Super-Kamiokande, 295km from the production point. The T2K experiment has observed electron neutrino appearance in a muon neutrino beam and measured sin22θ13 = 0.140−0.032+0.038 (0.170−0.037+0.045 assuming the normal (inverted hierarchy. In addition the latest measurements of θ23 and ∆m322 are reported, along with the latest T2K neutrino interaction cross section measurements of the inclusive CC, CCQE and NCE channels.

  4. Spherical k-Means Clustering

    Kurt Hornik

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Clustering text documents is a fundamental task in modern data analysis, requiring approaches which perform well both in terms of solution quality and computational efficiency. Spherical k-means clustering is one approach to address both issues, employing cosine dissimilarities to perform prototype-based partitioning of term weight representations of the documents.This paper presents the theory underlying the standard spherical k-means problem and suitable extensions, and introduces the R extension package skmeans which provides a computational environment for spherical k-means clustering featuring several solvers: a fixed-point and genetic algorithm, and interfaces to two external solvers (CLUTO and Gmeans. Performance of these solvers is investigated by means of a large scale benchmark experiment.

  5. Japanske kædereaktioner

    Pedersen, Jens Olaf Pepke

    Atomskræk. Den mest ødelæggende konsekvens af Fukushima 1 ser ud til at blive den stemning af frygt, som lynhurtigt breder sig. De konkrete skader er minimale i forhold til de lidelser, jordskælvet ellers har udsat japanerne for.......Atomskræk. Den mest ødelæggende konsekvens af Fukushima 1 ser ud til at blive den stemning af frygt, som lynhurtigt breder sig. De konkrete skader er minimale i forhold til de lidelser, jordskælvet ellers har udsat japanerne for....

  6. Köök kui arhitektuurne vorm

    2005-01-01

    Sisearhitekt Aet Piel annab nõu, mida pidada silmas trendika köögi kujundamisel. Vaatluse all: isikupära, värvid, valgustus, avatud ja suletud köök, viimistlusmaterjalid, riiulid, sahtlid, käepidemed, tööpind, lett, lükanduksed, külmik, pliit ja valamu, segisti, õhupuhasti

  7. Classifying K-12 Blended Learning

    Staker, Heather; Horn, Michael B.

    2012-01-01

    The growth of online learning in the K-12 sector is occurring both remotely through virtual schools and on campuses through blended learning. In emerging fields, definitions are important because they create a shared language that enables people to talk about the new phenomena. The blended-learning taxonomy and definitions presented in this paper…

  8. Multi-Meson Model applied to $D^+ \\to K^+ K^- K^+$

    Aoude, R T; Reis, A C dos; Robilotta, M R

    2016-01-01

    Matrix elements of weak currents involving light multi-meson states are important in many hadronic decays of both heavy leptons and heavy mesons. In this paper we focus on the latter case where the current size of the data set demands better models. The specific case of three-kaon weak matrix elements is considered and expressed as a relatively simple structure, which generalizes naturally the concept of form factor. We propose a model for the decay $D^+ \\to K^+ K^- K^+$ as an alternative to isobar model, with free parameter predicted by the theory to be fine-tuned by a fit to data. An important qualitative outcome is that we encompass naturally all final states topologies, which involve necessarily proper multi-particle structures and cannot be decomposed into simpler two-body processes. This aspect represents a significant improvement when compared to isobar model, often employed in analyses of heavy-meson decay data.

  9. Search for CP violation in the decays D+--> K(S)pi+ and D+-->K(S)K+.

    Link, J M; Reyes, M; Yager, P M; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Magnin, J; Massafferri, A; de Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; dos Reis, A C; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vázquez, F; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; O'Reilly, B; Ramirez, J E; Vaandering, E W; Butler, J N; Cheung, H W K; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Bianco, S; Fabbri, F L; Zallo, A; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Rahimi, A; Wiss, J; Gardner, R; Kryemadhi, A; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Boschini, M; D'Angelo, P; DiCorato, M; Dini, P; Giammarchi, M; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Milazzo, L; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Pontoglio, C; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, S; Davenport, T F; Agostino, L; Arena, V; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Merlo, M M; Pantea, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Segoni, I; Vitulo, P; Hernandez, H; Lopez, A M; Mendez, H; Mendez, L; Mirles, A; Montiel, E; Olaya, D; Paris, A; Quinones, J; Rivera, C; Xiong, W; Zhang, Y; Wilson, J R; Cho, K; Handler, T; Mitchell, R; Engh, D; Hosack, M; Johns, W E; Nehring, M; Sheldon, P D; Stenson, K; Webster, M; Sheaff, M

    2002-01-28

    A high-statistics sample of photoproduced charm from the FOCUS experiment has been used to search for direct CP violation in the decay rates for D+-->K(S)pi+ and D+-->K(S)K+. We have measured the following asymmetry parameters relative to D+-->K-pi+pi+: A(CP)(K(S)pi+) = (-1.6+/-1.5+/-0.9)%, A(CP)(K(S)K+) = (+6.9+/-6.0+/-1.5)%, and A(CP)(K(S)K+) = (+7.1+/-6.1+/-1.2)% relative to D+-->K(S)pi+. We have also measured the relative branching ratios and found Gamma(D+-->K(0)pi+)/Gamma(D+-->K-pi+pi+) = (30.60+/-0.46+/-0.32)%, Gamma(D+-->K(0)K+)/Gamma(D+-->K-pi+pi+) = (6.04+/-0.35+/-0.30)%, and Gamma(D+-->K(0)K+)/Gamma(D+-->K(0)pi+) = (19.96+/-1.19+/-0.96)%. PMID:11801103

  10. 关于(k,n-k)共轭边值问题的Green函数%Green's Function of (k,n-k) Conjugate Boundary Value Problems

    胡卫敏; 谷丽

    2006-01-01

    主要给出了(k,n-k)共轭边值问题{(-1)(n-k)y(n-k)=ξ(t),0<t<1 y(i)(0)=0,0≤i≤k-1 y(j)(0)=0,0≤j≤n-k-1 ξ(t)∈C[0,1]且在(0,1)上ξ(t)>0的唯一正解y(t)=∫10G(t,s)ξ(s)ds(0≤t≤1)中Green函数G(t,s)的构造式为G(t,s)={tk(1-s)k/(k-1)!(n-k-1)!n-k-1∑j=0 Cjn-k-1[t(1-s)]j/(k+j)(s-t)n-k-1-j,0≤t≤s≤1(2)(1-t)n-kSn-k/(k-1)!(n-k-1)!k-1∑j=0 Cjk-1[S(1-t)]j/n-k+j(t-s)-1-j,0≤s≤s≤1

  11. Recent Results from the K2K - Neutrino Oscillation Experiment

    Hill, James E.

    2002-12-01

    The K2K Long-Baseline neutrino oscillation experiment has been aquiring data since mid-1999 and has analysed those up to July of 2001. Fifty-six fully contained events are observed in the fiducial volume of the far detector where 80.6-8.0+7.3 are expected based partly on measurements near the beam production point. There is virtually no background for the contained event search. The methods established in this experiment are crucial for operation of future similar experiments to probe the nature of mixing in the neutral lepton sector, a necessary step in understanding the nature of family structure and of mass itself. A brief history and a few notes about the future and direction of the field precede the description of the experiment and its results.

  12. k-trees, k-ctrees and Line Splitting Graphs

    Veena Mathad; B. Basavanagoud

    2012-01-01

    Let G = (V,E) be a graph. For each edge ei of G, a new vertexe′i is taken and the resulting set of vertices is denoted by E1(G). Theline splitting graph Ls(G) of a graph G is defined as the graph havingvertex set E(G)SE1(G) with two vertices adjacent if they correspondto adjacent edges of G or one corresponds to an element e′i of E1(G)and the other to an element ej of E(G) where ej is in N(ei). In thispaper we characterize graphs whose line splitting graphs are k − treesand k − ctrees.

  13. Hadronization in tau -> K K pi nu_tau decays

    Roig, Pablo

    2008-01-01

    Hadronization in tau -> K K pi nu_tau decays is driven by both vector and axial-vector currents that we study, guided by the following principles: The 1/N_C expansion -worked out at leading order, considering only the contribution of the lightest spin one resonances-, approximate chiral symmetry at low energies and the appropriate asymptotic behaviour we demand to the associated form factors. All these features are implemented in the resonance theory. Most of its couplings are determined by imposing the short-distance requirements of vector and axial-vector spectral functions within QCD. We plan to improve our prediction of the hadronic spectra using recently available experimental data.

  14. Strong binding and shrinkage of single and double kbar~nuclear systems (K^-pp, K^-ppn, K^-K^-p and K^-K^-pp) predicted by Faddeev-Yakubovsky calculations

    Maeda, Shuji; Yamazaki, Toshimitsu

    2013-01-01

    Non-relativistic Faddeev and Faddeev-Yakubovsky calculations were made for K^-pp, K^-ppn, K^-K^-p and K^-K^-pp kaonic nuclear clusters, where the quasi bound states were treated as bound states by employing real separable potential models for the K^-K^- and the K^-nucleon interactions as well as for the nucleon-nucleon interaction. The binding energies and spatial shrinkages of these states, obtained for various values of the KbarN interaction, were found to increase rapidly with the KbarN interaction strength. Their behaviors are shown in a reference diagram to overview possible changes by varying the KbarN interaction in the dense nuclear medium. Using the Lambda(1405) ansatz with a PDG mass of 1405 MeV/c^2 for K^-p, the following ground-state binding energies together with the wavefunctions were obtained: 51.5 MeV (K^-pp), 69 MeV (K^-ppn), 30.4 MeV (K^-K^-p) and 93 MeV (K^-K^-pp), which are in good agreement with previous results of variational calculation based on the Akaishi-Yamazaki coupled-channel pote...

  15. Generalized Dalitz Plot analysis of the near threshold pp-->ppK+K- reaction in view of the K+K- final state interaction

    Silarski, M; Czerwinski, E; Czyzykiewicz, R; Gil, D; Grzonka, D; Jarczyk, L; Kamys, B; Khoukaz, A; Klaja, J; Klaja, P; Krzemien, W; Oelert, W; Ritman, J; Sefzick, T; Siemaszko, M; Smyrski, J; Täschner, A; Winter, P; Wolke, M; Wüstner, P; Zielinski, M; Zipper, W; Zdebik, J

    2009-01-01

    The excitation function for the $pp\\to ppK^+K^-$ reaction revealed a significant enhancement close to threshold which may plausibly be assigned to the influence of the $pK^-$ and $K^+K^-$ final state interactions. In an improved reanalysis of COSY-11 data for the $pp\\to ppK^+K^-$ reaction at excess energies of Q = 10 MeV and 28 MeV including the proton-K- interaction the enhancement is confirmed. Invariant mass distributions for the two- and three-particle subsystems allow to test at low excess energies the ansatz and parameters for the description of the interaction in the ppK+K- system as derived from the COSY-ANKE data. Finally, based for the first time on the low energy K+K- invariant mass distributions and the generalized Dalitz plot analysis, we estimate the scattering length for the K+K- interaction to be |Re(a_K^+K^-)| = 0.5 + 4.0 -0.5 fm and Im(a_K^+K^-) = 3.0 +- 3.0 fm.

  16. The T2K experiment

    Abe, K.; Abgrall, N.; Aihara, H.; Ajima, Y.; Albert, J. B.; Allan, D.; Amaudruz, P.-A.; Andreopoulos, C.; Andrieu, B.; Anerella, M. D.; Angelsen, C.; Aoki, S.; Araoka, O.; Argyriades, J.; Ariga, A.; Ariga, T.; Assylbekov, S.; de André, J. P. A. M.; Autiero, D.; Badertscher, A.; Ballester, O.; Barbi, M.; Barker, G. J.; Baron, P.; Barr, G.; Bartoszek, L.; Batkiewicz, M.; Bay, F.; Bentham, S.; Berardi, V.; Berger, B. E.; Berns, H.; Bertram, I.; Besnier, M.; Beucher, J.; Beznosko, D.; Bhadra, S.; Birney, P.; Bishop, D.; Blackmore, E.; Blaszczyk, F. d. M.; Blocki, J.; Blondel, A.; Bodek, A.; Bojechko, C.; Bouchez, J.; Boussuge, T.; Boyd, S. B.; Boyer, M.; Braam, N.; Bradford, R.; Bravar, A.; Briggs, K.; Brinson, J. D.; Bronner, C.; Brook-Roberge, D. G.; Bryant, M.; Buchanan, N.; Budd, H.; Cadabeschi, M.; Calland, R. G.; Calvet, D.; Caravaca Rodríguez, J.; Carroll, J.; Cartwright, S. L.; Carver, A.; Castillo, R.; Catanesi, M. G.; Cavata, C.; Cazes, A.; Cervera, A.; Charrier, J. P.; Chavez, C.; Choi, S.; Chollet, S.; Christodoulou, G.; Colas, P.; Coleman, J.; Coleman, W.; Collazuol, G.; Connolly, K.; Cooke, P.; Curioni, A.; Dabrowska, A.; Danko, I.; Das, R.; Davies, G. S.; Davis, S.; Day, M.; De La Broise, X.; de Perio, P.; De Rosa, G.; Dealtry, T.; Debraine, A.; Delagnes, E.; Delbart, A.; Densham, C.; Di Lodovico, F.; Di Luise, S.; Dinh Tran, P.; Dobson, J.; Doornbos, J.; Dore, U.; Drapier, O.; Druillole, F.; Dufour, F.; Dumarchez, J.; Durkin, T.; Dytman, S.; Dziewiecki, M.; Dziomba, M.; Ellison, B.; Emery, S.; Ereditato, A.; Escallier, J. E.; Escudero, L.; Esposito, L. S.; Faszer, W.; Fechner, M.; Ferrero, A.; Finch, A.; Fisher, C.; Fitton, M.; Flight, R.; Forbush, D.; Frank, E.; Fransham, K.; Fujii, Y.; Fukuda, Y.; Gallop, M.; Galymov, V.; Ganetis, G. L.; Gannaway, F. C.; Gaudin, A.; Gaweda, J.; Gendotti, A.; George, M.; Giffin, S.; Giganti, C.; Gilje, K.; Giomataris, I.; Giraud, J.; Ghosh, A. K.; Golan, T.; Goldhaber, M.; Gomez-Cadenas, J. J.; Gomi, S.; Gonin, M.; Goyette, M.; Grant, A.; Grant, N.; Grañena, F.; Greenwood, S.; Gumplinger, P.; Guzowski, P.; Haigh, M. D.; Hamano, K.; Hansen, C.; Hara, T.; Harrison, P. F.; Hartfiel, B.; Hartz, M.; Haruyama, T.; Hasanen, R.; Hasegawa, T.; Hastings, N. C.; Hastings, S.; Hatzikoutelis, A.; Hayashi, K.; Hayato, Y.; Haycock, T. D. J.; Hearty, C.; Helmer, R. L.; Henderson, R.; Herlant, S.; Higashi, N.; Hignight, J.; Hiraide, K.; Hirose, E.; Holeczek, J.; Honkanen, N.; Horikawa, S.; Hyndman, A.; Ichikawa, A. K.; Ieki, K.; Ieva, M.; Iida, M.; Ikeda, M.; Ilic, J.; Imber, J.; Ishida, T.; Ishihara, C.; Ishii, T.; Ives, S. J.; Iwasaki, M.; Iyogi, K.; Izmaylov, A.; Jamieson, B.; Johnson, R. A.; Joo, K. K.; Jover-Manas, G.; Jung, C. K.; Kaji, H.; Kajita, T.; Kakuno, H.; Kameda, J.; Kaneyuki, K.; Karlen, D.; Kasami, K.; Kasey, V.; Kato, I.; Kawamuko, H.; Kearns, E.; Kellet, L.; Khabibullin, M.; Khaleeq, M.; Khan, N.; Khotjantsev, A.; Kielczewska, D.; Kikawa, T.; Kim, J. Y.; Kim, S.-B.; Kimura, N.; Kirby, B.; Kisiel, J.; Kitching, P.; Kobayashi, T.; Kogan, G.; Koike, S.; Komorowski, T.; Konaka, A.; Kormos, L. L.; Korzenev, A.; Koseki, K.; Koshio, Y.; Kouzuma, Y.; Kowalik, K.; Kravtsov, V.; Kreslo, I.; Kropp, W.; Kubo, H.; Kubota, J.; Kudenko, Y.; Kulkarni, N.; Kurchaninov, L.; Kurimoto, Y.; Kurjata, R.; Kurosawa, Y.; Kutter, T.; Lagoda, J.; Laihem, K.; Langstaff, R.; Laveder, M.; Lawson, T. B.; Le, P. T.; Le Coguie, A.; Le Ross, M.; Lee, K. P.; Lenckowski, M.; Licciardi, C.; Lim, I. T.; Lindner, T.; Litchfield, R. P.; Longhin, A.; Lopez, G. D.; Lu, P.; Ludovici, L.; Lux, T.; Macaire, M.; Magaletti, L.; Mahn, K.; Makida, Y.; Malafis, C. J.; Malek, M.; Manly, S.; Marchionni, A.; Mark, C.; Marino, A. D.; Marone, A. J.; Marteau, J.; Martin, J. F.; Maruyama, T.; Maryon, T.; Marzec, J.; Masliah, P.; Mathie, E. L.; Matsumura, C.; Matsuoka, K.; Matveev, V.; Mavrokoridis, K.; Mazzucato, E.; McCauley, N.; McFarland, K. S.; McGrew, C.; McLachlan, T.; Mercer, I.; Messina, M.; Metcalf, W.; Metelko, C.; Mezzetto, M.; Mijakowski, P.; Miller, C. A.; Minamino, A.; Mineev, O.; Mine, S.; Minvielle, R. E.; Mituka, G.; Miura, M.; Mizouchi, K.; Mols, J.-P.; Monfregola, L.; Monmarthe, E.; Moreau, F.; Morgan, B.; Moriyama, S.; Morris, D.; Muir, A.; Murakami, A.; Muratore, J. F.; Murdoch, M.; Murphy, S.; Myslik, J.; Nagashima, G.; Nakadaira, T.; Nakahata, M.; Nakamoto, T.; Nakamura, K.; Nakayama, S.; Nakaya, T.; Naples, D.; Nelson, B.; Nicholls, T. C.; Nishikawa, K.; Nishino, H.; Nitta, K.; Nizery, F.; Nowak, J. A.; Noy, M.; Obayashi, Y.; Ogitsu, T.; Ohhata, H.; Okamura, T.; Okumura, K.; Okusawa, T.; Ohlmann, C.; Olchanski, K.; Openshaw, R.; Oser, S. M.; Otani, M.; Owen, R. A.; Oyama, Y.; Ozaki, T.; Pac, M. Y.; Palladino, V.; Paolone, V.; Paul, P.; Payne, D.; Pearce, G. F.; Pearson, C.; Perkin, J. D.; Pfleger, M.

    2011-12-01

    The T2K experiment is a long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. Its main goal is to measure the last unknown lepton sector mixing angle θ13 by observing νe appearance in a νμ beam. It also aims to make a precision measurement of the known oscillation parameters, Δm232 and sin22θ23, via νμ disappearance studies. Other goals of the experiment include various neutrino cross-section measurements and sterile neutrino searches. The experiment uses an intense proton beam generated by the J-PARC accelerator in Tokai, Japan, and is composed of a neutrino beamline, a near detector complex (ND280), and a far detector (Super-Kamiokande) located 295 km away from J-PARC. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the instrumentation aspect of the T2K experiment and a summary of the vital information for each subsystem.

  17. Mylėk save

    Keraitė, Nora

    2010-01-01

    Šiuolaikiniame ir vis labiau skubančiame pasaulyje naujovės bei išradimai uţvaldo vis didesnę rinkos dalį. Mokslininkai, dizaineriai ir kitų specialybių ţmonės stengiasi kaip išmanydami palengvinti vartotojų ir tiekėjų rinką. Tik ar viskas, ką jie siūlo rinkai, yra sveika mūsų organizmui?Ar maistas, gėrimai, kosmetika, technologinės naujovės, vis labiau tobulėjanti farmacija ir kita, ką mes su mielu noru priimame, nėra mums nuodinga? Reikia atkreipti didesnį dėmesį į patį ţmogų....

  18. Summary of ISNP2K

    H Ejiri

    2001-08-01

    This is a brief summary of the ISNP2K (International Symposium on Nuclear Physics, 2000). Many interesting works were presented on new developments and perspectives of nuclear physics in the plenary and poster sessions. Subjects discussed are 1) high temperature and high density nuclei, new QGP phases and relativistic HI collisions, 2) new degrees of freedoms studied by medium energy reactions, 3) exotic nuclei with large isospin, large , high and high , 4) new dynamical properties of many body nucleon systems, 5) neutrino nuclear physics and neutrons for astroparticle physics, and 6) new accelerators and new applications. ISNP2K with extensive discussions on nuclear physics frontiers at the turning point from 2000 to 2001 provides a good bridge to the new century.

  19. Lidar study of K layer

    Jiao, Jing

    2016-07-01

    A double-laser-beam lidar was successfully developed in 2010 to measure the K layer over Yanqing County, Beijing (40.5°N, 116.2°E). Comprehensive statistical analyses of sporadic K (Ks) layer parameters were conducted using two years of lidar data, and the parameters of the Ks layers and their distribution obtained by the analyses are described. The seasonal distribution of Ks occurrence was obtained, with two maxima observed in January and July, respectively. The seasonal distributions of sporadic E (Es) occurrence over Beijing differ from those of Ks occurrence. However, good correlations between Es and Ks in case by case study were found. We also found that four Ks events with peak altitudes lower than 90 km were associated with large and sharp temperature increases in five comparative examples.

  20. The T2K experiment

    The T2K experiment is a long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment. Its main goal is to measure the last unknown lepton sector mixing angle θ13 by observing νe appearance in a νμ beam. It also aims to make a precision measurement of the known oscillation parameters, Δm232 and sin22θ23, via νμ disappearance studies. Other goals of the experiment include various neutrino cross-section measurements and sterile neutrino searches. The experiment uses an intense proton beam generated by the J-PARC accelerator in Tokai, Japan, and is composed of a neutrino beamline, a near detector complex (ND280), and a far detector (Super-Kamiokande) located 295 km away from J-PARC. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the instrumentation aspect of the T2K experiment and a summary of the vital information for each subsystem.

  1. Dr. Carson K. Eoyang, Biography

    Eoyang, Carson K.

    2013-01-01

    Dr. Carson K. Eoyang Emeritas Professor Naval Postgraduate School Dr. Eoyang retired as the Chancellor of National Intelligence University and was a former Associate Provost at the Naval Postgraduate School. He has served in the Office of Science and Technology Policy in the White House, the Chief Training Officer for the FAA, and the Director of Training forNASA. He was awarded the Presidential Rank of Meritorious Executive in 1993 after serving on the Vice President Gore's National...

  2. Das k-Box-Produkt

    Elser, Stefan

    2011-01-01

    Ziel dieser Doktorarbeit ist es, bekannte und oft verwendete Eigenschaften des Tychonow-Produkts in analoger Form für das k-Box-Produkt zu beweisen, was bisher noch nicht geschehen ist, und die Verbindung zwischen der Infinitären Kombinatorik und der Topologie zu vertiefen. In der Infinitären Kombinatorik, ein Zweig der modernen Mengenlehre, bedient man sich gerne topologischer Begriffe, um einerseits Ergebnisse zu verdeutlichen und um andererseits den sehr abstrakten kombinatorischen Be...

  3. Rakovník Region

    Šída, P.; Nývltová Fišáková, Miriam; Verpoorte, A.

    Brno: Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Institute of Archaeology at Brno, 2009 - ( Šída , P.), s. 140-219. (Dolnověstonické studie. 17). ISBN 978-80-86023-86-1 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KJB800010701 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80010507 Keywords : Mammals * Pleistocene * Prey * Gravettien * Rakovník Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  4. Crystal Structure of Chabazite K

    The crystal structure of the chabazite K with the formula (K1.33Na1.02Ca0.84)[Al4Si8O24] · 12.17H2O from late hydrothermalites in the Khibiny alkaline massif (Kola Peninsula) is established by X-ray diffraction analysis (CAD4 four-circle diffractometer, λMoKα radiation, graphite monochromator, T = 193 K, 2θmax = 70 deg., R1 = 0.047 for 4745 reflections) on the basis of experimental data (6265 reflections) obtained from a twin (twinning parameter 0.535(1)): a = 13.831(3) A, c = 15.023(5) A, sp. gr. R3-barm, Z = 3, ρcalcd = 2.016 g/cm3 . It is shown that cations occupy five independent positions in large cavities of the tetrahedral Al,Si,O anionic framework in potassium-rich chabazite. A comparative crystallochemical analysis of chabazites of different composition and origin is performed

  5. The first k-regular subgraph is large

    Gao, Pu

    2013-01-01

    We prove that for sufficiently large k, there exist $0\\le\\sigma_k\\le\\eps_k\\to 0$ as $k\\to\\infty$, such that asymptotically almost surely the first k-regular subgraph appeared in the random graph process where one edge is added at a time has size between $(1-\\eps_k)|\\K_k|$ and $(1-\\sigma_k)|\\K_k|$, where $\\K_k$ denotes the $k$-core of the graph.

  6. Studies of the decays D^0 \\rightarrow K_S^0K^-\\pi^+ and D^0 \\rightarrow K_S^0K^+\\pi^-

    Insler, J; Park, C S; Pearson, L J; Thorndike, E H; Ricciardi, S; Thomas, C; Artuso, M; Blusk, S; Mountain, R; Skwarnicki, T; Stone, S; Wang, J C; Zhang, L M; Bonvicini, G; Cinabro, D; Smith, M J; Zhou, P; Gershon, T; Naik, P; Rademacker, J; Edwards, K W; Randrianarivony, K; Briere, R A; Vogel, H; Onyisi, P U E; Rosner, J L; Alexander, J P; Cassel, D G; Das, S; Ehrlich, R; Gibbons, L; Gray, S W; Hartill, D L; Kreinick, D L; Kuznetsov, V E; Patterson, J R; Peterson, D; Riley, D; Ryd, A; Sadoff, A J; Shi, X; Sun, W M; Yelton, J; Rubin, P; Lowrey, N; Mehrabyan, S; Selen, M; Wiss, J; Libby, J; Kornicer, M; Mitchell, R E; Besson, D; Pedlar, T K; Cronin-Hennessy, D; Hietala, J; Dobbs, S; Metreveli, Z; Seth, K K; Tomaradze, A; Xiao, T; Johnson, D; Malde, S; Martin, L; Powell, A; Wilkinson, G; Asner, D M; Tatishvili, G; Ge, J Y; Miller, D H; Shipsey, I P J; Xin, B; Adams, G S; Napolitano, J; Ecklund, K M

    2012-01-01

    The first measurements of the coherence factor R_{K_S^0K\\pi} and the average strong--phase difference \\delta^{K_S^0K\\pi} in D^0 \\to K_S^0 K^\\mp\\pi^\\pm decays are reported. These parameters can be used to improve the determination of the unitary triangle angle \\gamma in B^- \\rightarrow \\widetilde{D}K^-$ decays, where $\\widetilde{D}$ is either a D^0 or a D^0-bar meson decaying to the same final state, and also in studies of charm mixing. The measurements of the coherence factor and strong-phase difference are made using quantum-correlated, fully-reconstructed D^0D^0-bar pairs produced in e^+e^- collisions at the \\psi(3770) resonance. The measured values are R_{K_S^0K\\pi} = 0.73 \\pm 0.08 and \\delta^{K_S^0K\\pi} = (8.3 \\pm 15.2)$^\\circ$ for an unrestricted kinematic region and R_{K*K} = 1.00 \\pm 0.16 and \\delta^{K*K} = (26.5 \\pm 15.8)$^\\circ$ for a region where the combined K_S^0 \\pi^\\pm invariant mass is within 100 MeV/c^2 of the K^{*}(892)^\\pm mass. These results indicate a significant level of coherence in the ...

  7. Dose due to {sup 40}K

    Escareno J, E.; Vega C, H. R., E-mail: edmundoej@hotmail.com [Universidad Autonoma de Zacatecas, Unidad Academica de Estudios Nucleares, Calle Cipres No. 10, Fracc. La Penuela, 98068 Zacatecas (Mexico)

    2011-10-15

    The dose due to {sup 40}K has been estimated. Potassium is one of the most abundant elements in nature, being approximately 2% of the Earth's crust. Potassium has three isotopes {sup 39}K, {sup 40}K and {sup 41}K, two are stable while {sup 40}K is radioactive with a half life of 1.2x10{sup 9} years; there is 0.0117% {sup 40}K-to-K ratio. Potassium plays an important role in plants, animals and humans growth and reproduction. Due to the fact that K is an essential element for humans, {sup 40}K is the most abundant radioisotope in human body. In order to keep good health conditions K must be intake at daily basis trough food and beverages, however when K in ingested above the requirements produce adverse health effects in persons with renal, cardiac and hypertension problems or suffering diabetes. In 89.3% {sup 40}K decays to {sup 40}C through {beta}-decay, in 10.3% decays through electronic capture and emitting 1.46 MeV {gamma}-ray. K is abundant in soil, construction materials, sand thus {gamma}-rays produced during {sup 40}K decay contribute to external dose. For K in the body practically all {sup 40}K decaying energy is absorbed by the body; thus {sup 40}K contributes to total dose in humans and it is important to evaluate its contribution. In this work a set of {sup 40}K sources were prepared using different amounts of KCl salt, a {gamma}-ray spectrometer with a NaI(Tl) was characterized to standardized the sources in order to evaluate the dose due to {sup 40}K. Using thermoluminescent dosemeters the dose due to {sup 40}K was measured and related to the amount of {sup 40}K {gamma}-ray activity. (Author)

  8. On generalized k-syzygy modules

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we first introduce the notion of generalized k-syzygy modules, and then give an equivalent characterization that the class of generalized k-syzygy modules coincides with that ofω-k-torsionfree modules. We further study the extension closure of the category consisting of generalized k-syzygy modules. Some known results are obtained as corollaries.

  9. Banach空间范数的 k-点态粗性和 k-粗性%k- pointwise roughness and k- roughness on Banach spaces

    义德日胡; 苏雅拉图

    2012-01-01

      对 Banach 空间范数引入了 k-点态粗和 k-粗的概念,利用 Banach 空间理论的方法,给出了 x ∈ S(X)为范数的 k-粗糙点和 X 的范数是 k-粗的一些充分必要条件,证明了(k +1)-粗糙点是 k-粗糙点以及 k-粗糙点与 Fr´echet 可微性的一些结果。特别地,在 k =1的情形下蕴含了关于范数的粗糙点、点态粗范数和粗范数的相应结果%  In this paper, the k- pointwise rough and k- rough norm on Banach space are introduced. By the method of Banach space theory, the some necessary and sufficient conditions of k- rough point of norm and k-rough norm of X are given respectively. We proved that (k + 1)- rough point is k- rough point and obtained some results related with k- rough point and Fr´echet differentiability. In particular, when k = 1 our results contains the results of about rough point of norm, pointwise rough norm and rough norm.

  10. The K-modes algorithm for clustering

    Carreira-Perpiñán, Miguel Á.; Wang, Weiran

    2013-01-01

    Many clustering algorithms exist that estimate a cluster centroid, such as K-means, K-medoids or mean-shift, but no algorithm seems to exist that clusters data by returning exactly K meaningful modes. We propose a natural definition of a K-modes objective function by combining the notions of density and cluster assignment. The algorithm becomes K-means and K-medoids in the limit of very large and very small scales. Computationally, it is slightly slower than K-means but much faster than mean-...

  11. Chirally motivated K{sup -} nuclear potentials

    Cieply, A. [Nuclear Physics Institute, 25068 Rez (Czech Republic); Friedman, E. [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, 91904 Jerusalem (Israel); Gal, A., E-mail: avragal@vms.huji.ac.il [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, 91904 Jerusalem (Israel); Gazda, D.; Mares, J. [Nuclear Physics Institute, 25068 Rez (Czech Republic)

    2011-08-26

    In-medium subthreshold K-bar N scattering amplitudes calculated within a chirally motivated meson-baryon coupled-channel model are used self consistently to confront K{sup -} atom data across the periodic table. Substantially deeper K{sup -} nuclear potentials are obtained compared to the shallow potentials derived in some approaches from threshold K-bar N amplitudes, with ReV{sub K}{sup chiral}=-(85{+-}5) MeV at nuclear matter density. When K-bar NN contributions are incorporated phenomenologically, a very deep K{sup -} nuclear potential results, ReV{sub K}{sup chiral+phen.}=-(180{+-}5) MeV, in agreement with density dependent potentials obtained in purely phenomenological fits to the data. Self consistent dynamical calculations of K{sup -}-nuclear quasibound states generated by V{sub K}{sup chiral} are reported and discussed.

  12. Peidetud köögid / Ketlin Priilinn

    Priilinn, Ketlin, 1982-

    2006-01-01

    Kabinetti suletud köök Tivali (Dante Bonuccelli), köök K11 (Norbert Wangen), köögimööbel Modus (Paola Nava, Fabio Casiraghi), köök Pantos Chef (Antonia Astor), köök Single (AlbertoColonello)

  13. Resonances in pi-K scattering

    Wilson, David J. [Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA

    2014-06-23

    We have obtained clear signals of resonances in coupled-channel pi K - eta K scattering. Using distillation and a large basis of operators we are able to extract a precise spectrum of energy levels using the variational method. These energies are analysed using inelastic extensions of the Luescher method to obtain scattering amplitudes that clearly describe S, P and D wave resonances, corresponding to the physical K_0^*(1430), the K^*(892) and the K_2^*(1430).

  14. Normalization based K means Clustering Algorithm

    Virmani, Deepali; Taneja, Shweta; Malhotra, Geetika

    2015-01-01

    K-means is an effective clustering technique used to separate similar data into groups based on initial centroids of clusters. In this paper, Normalization based K-means clustering algorithm(N-K means) is proposed. Proposed N-K means clustering algorithm applies normalization prior to clustering on the available data as well as the proposed approach calculates initial centroids based on weights. Experimental results prove the betterment of proposed N-K means clustering algorithm over existing...

  15. Minimum K_2,3-saturated Graphs

    Chen, Ya-Chen

    2010-01-01

    A graph is K_{2,3}-saturated if it has no subgraph isomorphic to K_{2,3}, but does contain a K_{2,3} after the addition of any new edge. We prove that the minimum number of edges in a K_{2,3}-saturated graph on n >= 5 vertices is sat(n, K_{2,3}) = 2n - 3.

  16. Prospects for $K^+ \\to \\pi^+ \

    Palladino, Vito

    2015-01-01

    The rare decays K+ -> p + n -n are excellent processes to make tests of new physics at the highest scale complementary to LHC thanks to their theoretically cleaness. The NA62 experiment at CERN SPS aims to collect of the order of 100 events in two years of data taking, keeping the background at the level of 10%. Part of the experimental apparatus has been commissioned during a technical run in 2012. The physics prospects and the status of the experiment will be reviewed after the commissioning run of 2014 and the data taking in 2015.

  17. Vitamin K, osteoporose og warfarin

    2006-01-01

    The role and importance of vitamin K as a cofactor in the ã-carboxylation of coagulation-proteins factor II, VII, IX and X is well-known. But, during the last 30 years, a number of observations have indicated a role for the vitamin also in other areas, for example in bone physiology. The first clue to this connection, was the description of the Fetal Warfarin Syndrome, where children are born with nasal hypoplasia, stippled epiphyses and distal extremity hypoplasia, due to the administration ...

  18. Results from T2K

    Haigh, Martin David

    2015-01-01

    The Tokai to Kamioka (T2K) experiment uses a beam of muon neutrinos, produced at the J-PARC facility on the east coast of Japan, to study neutrino oscillations driven by the $\\Delta m_{\\textrm{atm}}^{2}$ mass splitting. A suite of near detectors located 280~m from the secondary beam source samples the unoscillated beam, and the Super-Kamiokande water Cherenkov detector samples the beam at a baseline of 295~km, and at a point $2.5^\\circ$ off the beam axis, giving a narrow-band beam centred around 600~MeV. Analyses of the oscillation channels $\

  19. K-edge densitometer (KED)

    Sprinkle, J.K.; Hansen, W.J.

    1993-02-11

    In 1979, a K-edge densitometer (KED) was installed by the Safeguards Assay group from Los Alamos National Laboratory in the PNC reprocessing plant at Tokai-mura, Japan. It uses an active nondestructive assay technique, KED, to measure the plutonium concentration of the product solution. The measurement uncertainty of an assay depends on the count time chosen, but can be 0.5% or better. The computer hardware and software were upgraded in 1992. This manual describes the operation of the instrument, with an emphasis on the user interface to the software.

  20. The Metamorphosis by K. (12)

    CERN Bulletin

    2012-01-01

    In the last issue of the Bulletin we reported on the first run of the new NA62 experiment. In this issue, we go behind the scenes to take a look at the production of the experiment's new kaon beam.   The start of the K12 beam line as seen during the installation of the shielding. 10-2, 10-3, 10-4, 10-5, 10-6 mbar… send in the protons! Since Thursday 1 November, the P42 beam line of the SPS has once again been sending protons to the beryllium target to produce the K12 kaon beam line eagerly awaited by the NA62 collaboration. This was no trivial matter! The first step was to clear the decks by dismantling the entire H10 beam line and NA60 experiment, as well as most of the NA48 experiment - representing some 1000 tonnes of equipment in total! Next came the complete renovation of the infrastructure, which dated back to 1979. The operation called on the expertise of virtually all branches of the EN and GS departments, as well as the Radiation Protection group: from ...

  1. On the structure of $End_{u_k(2)}(\\Omega_k^{\\otimes r})$

    Fu, Qiang; Yang, Qunguang

    2011-01-01

    Let $u_k(2)$ be the infinitesimal quantum $\\frak{gl}_2$ over $k$, where $k$ is a field containing an $l$th primitive root $\\epsilon$ of 1 with $l\\geq 3$ {\\it odd}. We will determine the basic algebra for ${u_k(2)}(\\Omega_k^{\\otimes r})$, where $\\Omega_k$ is the natural module for $u_k(2)$.

  2. Search for B^0 meson decays to \\pi^0 K^0_S K^0_S, \\eta K^0_S K^0_S, and \\eta^{\\prime}K^0_S K^0_S

    Aubert, B.

    2009-05-08

    We describe searches for B{sup 0} meson decays to the charmless final states {pi}{sup 0}K{sub S}{sup 0}K{sub S}{sup 0}, {eta}K{sub S}{sup 0}K{sub S}{sup 0}, and {eta}{prime}K{sub S}{sup 0}K{sub S}{sup 0}. The data sample corresponds to 467 x 10{sup 6} B{bar B} pairs produced in e{sup +}e{sup -} annihilation and collected with the BABAR detector at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory. We find no significant signals and determine the 90% confidence level upper limits on the branching fractions, in units of 10{sup -7}, {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup 0}K{sub S}{sup 0}K{sub S}{sup 0}) < 12, {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {eta}K{sub S}{sup 0}K{sub S}{sup 0}) < 10, and {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {eta}{prime}K{sub S}{sup 0}K{sub S}{sup 0}) < 20.

  3. Degree sequences of k-multi-hypertournaments

    Pirzada S

    2009-01-01

    Let n and k (n ≥ k > 1) be two non-negative integers. A k-multi-hypertournament on n vertices is a pair (V, A), where V is a set of vertices with |V|= n, and A is a set of k-tuples of vertices, called arcs, such that for any k-subset S of V, A contains at least one (at most k!) of the k! k-tuples whose entries belong to S. The necessary and sufficient conditions for a non-decreasing sequence of non-negative integers to be the out-degree sequence (in-degree sequence) of some k-multi-hypertournament are given.

  4. The aligned K-center problem

    Braß, Peter

    2011-04-01

    In this paper we study several instances of the aligned k-center problem where the goal is, given a set of points S in the plane and a parameter k ≥ 1, to find k disks with centers on a line ℓ such that their union covers S and the maximum radius of the disks is minimized. This problem is a constrained version of the well-known k-center problem in which the centers are constrained to lie in a particular region such as a segment, a line, or a polygon. We first consider the simplest version of the problem where the line ℓ is given in advance; we can solve this problem in time O(n log2 n). In the case where only the direction of ℓ is fixed, we give an O(n2 log 2 n)-time algorithm. When ℓ is an arbitrary line, we give a randomized algorithm with expected running time O(n4 log2 n). Then we present (1+ε)-approximation algorithms for these three problems. When we denote T(k, ε) = (k/ε2+(k/ε) log k) log(1/ε), these algorithms run in O(n log k + T(k, ε)) time, O(n log k + T(k, ε)/ε) time, and O(n log k + T(k, ε)/ε2) time, respectively. For k = O(n1/3/log n), we also give randomized algorithms with expected running times O(n + (k/ε2) log(1/ε)), O(n+(k/ε3) log(1/ε)), and O(n + (k/ε4) log(1/ε)), respectively. © 2011 World Scientific Publishing Company.

  5. Hopun vanhainkodin käsihygieniaopas-projekti

    Tikka, Tuukka

    2009-01-01

    Tämän projektin tarkoituksena oli tehdä Hopun vanhainkodin hoitohenkilökunnalle käsihygieniaopas. Projektin tavoitteena oli pyrkiä auttamaan käsihygienian toteutumisen kehittämisessä Hopun vanhainkodissa. Projekti käynnistyi syksyllä 2005 Hopun vanhainkodin käsihygieniavastaavan kanssa käydyn keskustelun jälkeen. Aiemmin kyseisessä vanhainkodissa ei ole vastaavanlaista projektia toteutettu. Käsihygieniaoppaan tekemisen apuna käytettiin kyselyä, jonka avulla selvitettiin hoitohenkilökunn...

  6. Compact K-edge densitometer

    Los Alamos National Laboratory has designed, built, and is currently testing a compact K-edge densitometer for use by International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) inspectors. The unit, which can easily be moved from one location to another within a facility, is positioned outside a glovebox with the body of the instrument inserted into the glove. A fixture inside the glovebox fits around the body and positions a sample holder. A hand-held high-purity germanium detector powered by a battery pack and a Davidson portable multichannel analyzer (MCA) is used to measure the transmission through plutonium nitrate solutions at E/sub Y/ = 121.1 and 122.2 keV. The Davidson MCA is programmed to lead the user through the measurement procedure and perform all the data analyses. The instrument is currently installed at the Safeguards Analytical Laboratory, where IAEA personnel are evaluating its accuracy, ease of operation, and safety. 5 references, 5 figures, 5 tables

  7. Vertices of degree k in edge-minimal, k-edge-connected graphs

    Kingsford, Carl; Marçais, Guillaume

    2009-01-01

    Halin showed that every edge minimal, k-vertex connected graph has a vertex of degree k. In this note, we prove the analogue to Halin's theorem for edge-minimal, k-edge-connected graphs. We show there are two vertices of degree k in every edge-minimal, k-edge-connected graph.

  8. Search for the decay of a B0 or B0bar meson to K*0bar K0 or K*0 K0bar

    Aubert, B.

    2006-06-27

    The authors present a search for the decay of a B{sup 0} or {bar B}{sup 0} meson to a {bar K}*{sup 0} K{sup 0} or K*{sup 0} {bar K}{sup 0} final state, using a sample of approximately 232 million B{bar B} events collected with the BABAR detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy e{sup +}e{sup -} collider at SLAC. The measured branching fraction is {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {bar K}*{sup 0} K{sup 0}) + {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} K*{sup 0} {bar K}{sup 0}) = (0.2{sub -0.8, -0.3}{sup +0.9, +0.1}) x 10{sup -6}. They obtain the following upper limit for the branching fraction at 90% confidence level: {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} {bar K}*{sup 0} K{sup 0}) + {Beta}(B{sup 0} {yields} K*{sup 0} {bar K}{sup 0}) < 1.9 x 10{sup -6}. They use our result to constrain the Standard Model prediction for the deviation of the CP asymmetry in B{sup 0} {yields} {phi}K{sup 0} from sin 2{beta}.

  9. On k-Path Pancyclic Graphs

    Bi Zhenming

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available For integers k and n with 2 ≤ k ≤ n − 1, a graph G of order n is k-path pancyclic if every path P of order k in G lies on a cycle of every length from k + 1 to n. Thus a 2-path pancyclic graph is edge-pancyclic. In this paper, we present sufficient conditions for graphs to be k-path pancyclic. For a graph G of order n ≥ 3, we establish sharp lower bounds in terms of n and k for (a the minimum degree of G, (b the minimum degree-sum of nonadjacent vertices of G and (c the size of G such that G is k-path pancyclic

  10. Innovaatilised käpikud / Hannes Astok

    Astok, Hannes, 1964-

    2005-01-01

    Eesti kaubaks on üleriigilised IT-lahendused. Edu saavutamise eelduseks ei ole mitte järjekordne tootjatoetus, vaid optimistlik meel ja kiire internet - igaühele ja kättesaadava hinnaga kõikjal Eestis

  11. K-theory and representation theory

    This contribution includes K-theory of orders, group-rings and modules over EI categories, equivariant higher algebraic K-theory for finite, profinite and compact Lie group actions together with their relative generalisations and applications

  12. Vse blizhe k Schengenu / Kristina Kareva

    Kareva, Kristina

    2007-01-01

    Siseministeeriumis kogunes Schengen Facility juhtkomitee, et teha kokkuvõte käesolevaks ajaks rakendunud projektidest ja sõlmitud lepingutest. 22. detsembri seisuga on Schengen Facility programmi vahenditest sõlmitud kõik hankelepingud

  13. Nebraska Science Standards: Grades K-12

    Nebraska Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This publication presents the Nebraska Science Standards for Grades K-12. The standards are presented according to the following grades: (1) Grades K-2; (2) Grades 3-5; (3) Grades 6-8; and (4) Grades 9-12.

  14. Inglased projekteerivad maailma kõrgeimat kuju

    2000-01-01

    Inglise insenerid konstrueerivad maailma suurimat skulptuuri - 150 m kõrgust Maitreya Buddha pronksskulptuuri. Kuju püstitatakse India põhjaosas Bodhgayas. Maailma suurimate ja kõrgeimate kujude loetelu parameetritega.

  15. [K fertility and K deficit index of aquic brown soil under different fertilization systems].

    Yu, Wan-Tai; Jiang, Zi-Shao; Shen, Shan-Min; Zhang, Lu

    2007-10-01

    A 15-year fertilization experiment was conducted on an aquic brown soil to study the variations of its K fertility and the index of K deficit under different fertilization systems. The results indicated that no K application accelerated the depletion of soil K, representing a certain decrease of soil available and slow-release K. Applying K alone could not keep soil K in balance, still having a decrease of soil available and slow-release K. The application of recycled compost combined with appropriate amount of fertilizer K could compensate soil K expenditure to a certain degree, and keep the concentrations of soil available and slow-release K somewhat constant. The statistic analysis on the past years test results showed that the critical values of soil available K in corn- and soybean fields obtained by crossing method were all 73 mg x kg(-1). PMID:18163304

  16. Ramsey Number of K2,s+1 vs. K1,n%关于K2,s+1 VS,K1,n的Ramsey数

    秦大伟; 沈大鹏

    2007-01-01

    It is shown that the Ramsey number r(K2,s+1, K1,n) ≤ n + √sn+ (s + 3)/2 + o(1) for large n, and r(K2,s+1, K1,n)∈{(q-1)2/s+1,-(q-1)2/s+2},wheren: (q-1)2/s-q+2 and q is a prime power such that s|(q - 1).

  17. Effective lifetime measurements in the B-s(0) -> K+K-, B-0 -> K+pi(-) and B-s(0) -> pi K-+(-) decays

    Aaij, R.; Adeva, B.; Adinolfi, M.; Affolder, A.; Ajaltouni, Z.; Albrecht, J.; Alessio, F.; Alexander, M.; Ali, S.; Alkhazov, G.; Cartelle, P. Alvarez; Alves, A. A.; Amato, S.; Amerio, S.; Amhis, Y.; An, L.; Anderlini, L.; Anderson, J.; Andreassen, R.; Andreotti, M.; Andrews, J. E.; Appleby, R. B.; Gutierrez, O. Aquines; Archilli, F.; Artamonov, A.; Artuso, M.; Aslanides, E.; Auriemma, G.; Baalouch, M.; Bachmann, S.; Back, J. J.; Badalov, A.; Balagura, V.; Baldini, W.; Barlow, R. J.; Barschel, C.; Barsuk, S.; Barter, W.; Batozskaya, V.; Bauer, Th.; Bay, A.; Beddow, J.; Bedeschi, F.; Bediaga, I.; Belogurov, S.; Belous, K.; Belyaev, I.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bencivenni, G.; Benson, S.; Benton, J.; Berezhnoy, A.; Bernet, R.; Bettler, M. -O.; Vanbeuzekom, M.; Bien, A.; Bifani, S.; Bird, T.; Bizzeti, A.; Bjornstad, P. M.; Blake, T.; Blanc, F.; Blouw, J.; Blusk, S.; Bocci, V.; Bondar, A.; Bondar, N.; Bonivento, W.; Borghi, S.; Borgia, A.; Borsato, M.; Bowcock, T. J. V.; Bowen, E.; Bozzi, C.; Brambach, T.; van den Brand, J.; Bressieux, J.; Brett, D.; Britsch, M.; Britton, T.; Brook, N. H.; Brown, H.; Bursche, A.; Busetto, G.; Buytaert, J.; Cadeddu, S.; Calabrese, R.; Calvi, M.; Gomez, M. Calvo; Camboni, A.; Campana, P.; Perez, D. Campora; Carbone, A.; Carboni, G.; Cardinale, R.; Cardini, A.; Carranza-Mejia, H.; Carson, L.; Akiba, K. Carvalho; Casse, G.; Cassina, L.; Garcia, L. Castillo; Cattaneo, M.; Cauet, Ch.; Cenci, R.; Charles, M.; Charpentier, Ph.; Cheung, S. -F.; Chiapolini, N.; Chrzaszcz, M.; Ciba, K.; Vidal, X. Cid; Ciezarek, G.; Clarke, P. E. L.; Clemencic, M.; Cliff, H. V.; Closier, J.; Coco, V.; Cogan, J.; Cogneras, E.; Collins, P.; Comerma-Montells, A.; Contu, A.; Cook, A.; Coombes, M.; Coquereau, S.; Corti, G.; Corvo, M.; Counts, I.; Couturier, B.; Cowan, G. A.; Craik, D. C.; Torres, M. Cruz; Cunliffe, S.; Currie, R.; D'Ambrosio, C.; Dalseno, J.; David, P.; David, P. N. Y.; Davis, A.; De Bruyn, K.; De Capua, S.; De Cian, M.; De Miranda, J. M.; De Paula, L.; De Silva, W.; De Simone, P.; Decamp, D.; Deckenhoff, M.; Del Buono, L.; Deleage, N.; Derkach, D.; Deschamps, O.; Dettori, F.; Di Canto, A.; Dijkstra, H.; Donleavy, S.; Dordei, F.; Dorigo, M.; Suarez, A. Dosil; Dossett, D.; Dovbnya, A.; Dupertuis, F.; Durante, P.; Dzhelyadin, R.; Dziurda, A.; Dzyuba, A.; Easo, S.; Egede, U.; Egorychev, V.; Eidelman, S.; Eisenhardt, S.; Eitschberger, U.; Ekelhof, R.; Eklund, L.; El Rifai, I.; Elsasser, Ch.; Esen, S.; Falabella, A.; Faerber, C.; Farinelli, C.; Farley, N.; Farry, S.; Fay, R. F.; Ferguson, D.; Albor, V. Fernandez; Rodrigues, F. Ferreira; Ferro-Luzzi, M.; Filippov, S.; Fiore, M.; Fiorini, M.; Firlej, M.; Fitzpatrick, C.; Fiutowski, T.; Fontana, M.; Fontanelli, F.; Forty, R.; Francisco, O.; Frank, M.; Frei, C.; Frosini, M.; Fu, J.; Furfaro, E.; Torreira, A. Gallas; Galli, D.; Gallorini, S.; Gambetta, S.; Gandelman, M.; Gandini, P.; Gao, Y.; Garofoli, J.; Tico, J. Garra; Garrido, L.; Gaspar, C.; Gauld, R.; Gavardi, L.; Geraci, A.; Gersabeck, E.; Gersabeck, M.; Gershon, T.; Ghez, Ph.; Gianelle, A.; Giani, S.; Gibson, V.; Giubega, L.; Gligorov, V. V.; Goebel, C.; Golubkov, D.; Golutvin, A.; Gomes, A.; Gordon, H.; Gotti, C.; Gaendara, M. Grabalosa; Diaz, R. Graciani; Cardoso, L. A. Granado; Graug, E.; Graziani, G.; Grecu, A.; Greening, E.; Gregson, S.; Griffith, P.; Grillo, L.; Gruenberg, O.; Gui, B.; Gushchin, E.; Guz, Yu.; Gys, T.; Hadjivasiliou, C.; Haefeli, G.; Haen, C.; Haines, S. C.; Hall, S.; Hamilton, B.; Hampson, T.; Han, X.; Hansmann-Menzemer, S.; Harnew, N.; Harnew, S. T.; Harrison, J.; Hartmann, T.; He, J.; Head, T.; Heijne, V.; Hennessy, K.; Henrard, P.; Henry, L.; Morata, J. A. Hernando; van Herwijnen, E.; Hess, M.; Hicheur, A.; Hill, D.; Hoballah, M.; Hombach, C.; Hulsbergen, W.; Hunt, P.; Hussain, N.; Hutchcroft, D.; Hynds, D.; Idzik, M.; Ilten, P.; Jacobsson, R.; Jaeger, A.; Jalocha, J.; Jans, E.; Jaton, P.; Jawahery, A.; Jing, F.; John, M.; Johnson, D.; Jones, C. R.; Joram, C.; Jost, B.; Jurik, N.; Kaballo, M.; Kandybei, S.; Kanso, W.; Karacson, M.; Karbach, T. M.; Kelsey, M.; Kenyon, I. R.; Ketel, T.; Khanji, B.; Khurewathanakul, C.; Klaver, S.; Kochebina, O.; Kolpin, M.; Komarov, I.; Koopman, R. F.; Koppenburg, P.; Korolev, M.; Kozlinskiy, A.; Kravchuk, L.; Kreplin, K.; Kreps, M.; Krocker, G.; Krokovny, P.; Kruse, F.; Kucharczyk, M.; Kudryavtsev, V.; Kurek, K.; Kvaratskheliya, T.; Lathi, V. N.; Lacarrere, D.; Lafferty, G.; Lai, A.; Lambert, D.; Lambert, R. W.; Lanciotti, E.; Lanfranchi, G.; Langenbruch, C.; Langhans, B.; Latham, T.; Lazzeroni, C.; Legac, R.; Vanleerdam, J.; Lees, J. -P.; Lefevre, R.; Leflat, A.; Lefranois, J.; Leo, S.; Leroy, O.; Lesiak, T.; Leverington, B.; Li, Y.; Liles, M.; Lindner, R.; Linn, C.; Lionetto, F.; Liu, B.; Liu, G.; Lohn, S.; Longstaff, I.; Lopes, J. H.; Lopez-March, N.; Lowdon, P.; Lu, H.; Lucchesi, D.; Luo, H.; Lupato, A.; Luppi, E.; Lupton, O.; Machefert, F.; Machikhiliyan, I. V.; Maciuc, F.; Maev, O.; Malde, S.; Manca, G.; Mancinelli, G.; Mapelli, A.; Maratas, J.; Marchand, J. F.; Marconi, U.; Benito, C. Marin; Marino, P.; Maerki, R.; Marks, J.; Martellotti, G.; Martens, A.; Martin Sanchez, A.; Martinelli, M.; Martinez Santos, D.; Martinez Vidal, F.; Tostes, D. Martins; Massafferri, A.; Matev, R.; Mathe, Z.; Matteuzzi, C.; Mazurov, A.; McCann, M.; McCarthy, J.; Mcnab, A.; McNulty, R.; McSkelly, B.; Meadows, B.; Meier, F.; Meissner, M.; Merk, M.; Milanes, D. A.; Minard, M. -N.; Moggi, N.; Rodriguez, J. Molina; Monteil, S.; Moran, D.; Morandin, M.; Morawski, P.; Mord, A.; Morello, M. J.; Moron, J.; Mountain, R.; Muheim, F.; Mueller, K.; Muresan, R.; Mussini, M.; Muster, B.; Naik, P.; Nakada, T.; Nandakumar, R.; Nasteva, I.; Needham, M.; Neri, N.; Neubert, S.; Neufeld, N.; Neuner, M.; Nguyen, A. D.; Nguyen, T. D.; Nguyen-Mau, C.; Nicol, M.; Niess, V.; Niet, R.; Nikitin, N.; Nikodem, T.; Novoselov, A.; Oblakowska-Mucha, A.; Obraztsov, V.; Oggero, S.; Ogilvy, S.; Okhrimenko, O.; Oldeman, R.; Onderwater, G.; Orlandea, M.; Goicochea, J. M. Otalora; Owen, P.; Oyanguren, A.; Pal, B. K.; Palano, A.; Palombo, F.; Palutan, M.; Panman, J.; Papanestis, A.; Pappagallo, M.; Parkes, C.; Parkinson, C. J.; Passaleva, G.; Patel, G. D.; Patel, M.; Patrignani, C.; Alvarez, A. Pazos; Pearce, A.; Pellegrino, A.; Altarelli, M. Pepe; Perazzini, S.; Trigo, E. Perez; Perret, P.; Perrin-Terrin, M.; Pescatore, L.; Pesen, E.; Petridis, K.; Petrolini, A.; Olloqui, E. Picatoste; Pietrzyk, B.; Pilar, T.; Pinci, D.; Pistone, A.; Playfer, S.; Casasus, M. Plo; Polci, F.; Poluektov, A.; Polycarpo, E.; Popov, A.; Popov, D.; Popovici, B.; Potterat, C.; Powell, A.; Prisciandaro, J.; Pritchard, A.; Prouve, C.; Pugatch, V.; Navarro, A. Puig; Punzi, G.; Qian, W.; Rachwal, B.; Rademacker, J. H.; Rakotomiaramanana, B.; Rama, M.; Rangel, M. S.; Raniuk, I.; Rauschmayr, N.; Raven, G.; Reichert, S.; Reid, M. M.; dos Reis, A. C.; Ricciardi, S.; Richards, A.; Rihl, M.; Rinnert, K.; Molina, V. Rives; Romero, D. A. Roa; Robbe, P.; Rodrigues, A. B.; Rodrigues, E.; Perez, P. Rodriguez; Roiser, S.; Romanovsky, V.; Vidal, A. Romero; Rotondo, M.; Rouvinet, J.; Ruf, T.; Ruffini, F.; Ruiz, H.; Valls, P. Ruiz; Sabatino, G.; Silva, J. J. Saborido; Sagidova, N.; Sail, P.; Saitta, B.; Guimaraes, V. Salustino; Mayordomo, C. Sanchez; Sedes, B. Sanmartin; Santacesaria, R.; Rios, C. Santamarina; Santovetti, E.; Sapunov, M.; Sarti, A.; Satriano, C.; Satta, A.; Savrie, M.; Savrina, D.; Schiller, M.; Schindler, H.; Schlupp, M.; Schmelling, M.; Schmidt, B.; Schneider, O.; Schopper, A.; Schune, M. -H.; Schwemmer, R.; Sciascia, B.; Sciubba, A.; Seco, M.; Semennikov, A.; Senderowska, K.; Sepp, I.; Serra, N.; Serrano, J.; Sestini, L.; Seyfert, P.; Shapkin, M.; Shapoval, I.; Shcheglov, Y.; Shears, T.; Shekhtman, L.; Shevchenko, V.; Shires, A.; Coutinho, R. Silva; Simi, G.; Sirendi, M.; Skidmore, N.; Skwarnicki, T.; Smith, N. A.; Smith, E.; Smith, E.; Smith, J.; Smith, M.; Snoek, H.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Soler, F. J. P.; Soomro, F.; Souza, D.; Souza De Paula, B.; Spaan, B.; Sparkes, A.; Spradlin, P.; Stagni, F.; Stahl, S.; Steinkamp, O.; Stenyakin, O.; Stevenson, S.; Stoica, S.; Stone, S.; Storaci, B.; Stracka, S.; Straticiuc, M.; Straumann, U.; Stroili, R.; Subbiah, V. K.; Sun, L.; Sutcliffe, W.; Swientek, K.; Swientek, S.; Syropoulos, V.; Szczekowski, M.; Szczypka, P.; Szilard, D.; Szumlak, T.; T'Jampens, S.; Teklishyn, M.; Tellarini, G.; Teubert, F.; Thomas, C.; Thomas, E.; van Tilburg, J.; Tisserand, V.; Tobin, M.; Tolk, S.; Tomassetti, L.; Tonelli, D.; Topp-Joergensen, S.; Torr, N.; Tournefier, E.; Tourneur, S.; Tran, M. T.; Tresch, M.; Tsaregorodtsev, A.; Tsopelas, P.; Tuning, N.; Garcia, M. Ubeda; Ukleja, A.; Ustyuzhanin, A.; Uwer, U.; Vagnoni, V.; Valenti, G.; Vallier, A.; Gomez, R. Vazquez; Regueiro, P. Vazquez; Sierra, C. Vyzquez; Vecchi, S.; Velthuis, J. J.; Veltri, M.; Veneziano, G.; Vesterinen, M.; Viaud, B.; Vieira, D.; Diaz, M. Vieites; Vilasis-Cardona, X.; Vollhardt, A.; Volyanskyy, D.; Voong, D.; Vorobyev, A.; Vorobyev, V.; Voss, C.; Voss, H.; de Vries, J. A.; Waldi, R.; Wallace, C.; Wallace, R.; Walsh, J.; Wandernoth, S.; Wang, J.; Ward, D. R.; Watson, N. K.; Websdale, D.; Whitehead, M.; Wicht, J.; Wiedner, D.; Wilkinson, G.; Williams, M. P.; Williams, M.; Wilson, F. F.; Wimberley, J.; Wishahi, J.; Wislicki, W.; Witek, M.; Wormser, G.; Wotton, S. A.; Wright, S.; Wu, S.; Wyllie, K.; Xie, Y.; Xing, Z.; Xu, Z.; Yang, Z.; Yuan, X.; Yushchenko, O.; Zangoli, M.; Zavertyaev, M.; Zhang, F.; Zhang, L.; Zhang, W. C.; Zhang, Y.; Zhelezov, A.; Zhokhov, A.; Zhong, L.; Zvyagin, A.

    2014-01-01

    Measurements of the effective lifetimes in the B-s(0) -> K+K-, B-0 -> K+pi(-) and B-s(0) -> pi K-+(-) decays are presented using 1.0 fb(-1)of pp collision data collected at a centre-of-mass energy of 7 TeV by the LHCb experiment. The analysis uses a data-driven approach to correct for the decay time

  18. Holographic kinetic k-essence model

    Cruz, Norman [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencia, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Casilla 307, Santiago (Chile)], E-mail: ncruz@lauca.usach.cl; Gonzalez-Diaz, Pedro F.; Rozas-Fernandez, Alberto [Colina de los Chopos, Instituto de Fisica Fundamental, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Serrano 121, 28006 Madrid (Spain)], E-mail: a.rozas@cfmac.csic.es; Sanchez, Guillermo [Departamento de Matematica y Ciencia de la Computacion, Facultad de Ciencia, Universidad de Santiago de Chile, Casilla 307, Santiago (Chile)], E-mail: gsanchez@usach.cl

    2009-08-31

    We consider a connection between the holographic dark energy density and the kinetic k-essence energy density in a flat FRW universe. With the choice c{>=}1, the holographic dark energy can be described by a kinetic k-essence scalar field in a certain way. In this Letter we show this kinetic k-essential description of the holographic dark energy with c{>=}1 and reconstruct the kinetic k-essence function F(X)

  19. Markkinointisuunnitelma : Case: K-market Ruokaruukki

    Finnilä, Jaakko

    2015-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli luoda markkinointisuunnitelma seinäjokelaiselle K-kauppiaalle alati muuttuvassa kilpailutilanteessa. Ensimmäisenä tavoitteena oli perehtyä markkinoinnin kilpailukeinoihin vähittäiskaupan näkökulmasta. Toisena tavoitteena oli perehtyä markkinointisuunnitelman laadintaprosessiin. Kolmantena tavoitteena oli laatia markkinointisuunnitelma K-market Ruokaruukille. Markkinointisuunnitelmassa perehdyttiin K-marketin nykytilan analysoinnin ja vuoden 2016 budje...

  20. Informaatiolukutaito : monifasettinen käsiteanalyysi

    Kiukaanniemi, Kyösti

    2014-01-01

    Tutkielma esittää Oulun ammattikorkeakoulun liiketalouden yksikön toimeksiantona laaditun kirjallisuuspohjaisen käsiteanalyysin informaatiolukutaidon temaattisesti moniulotteisesta sisällöstä. Analyysin tarkoituksena on kuvailla ja eritellä systemaattisesti ja kattavasti informaatiolukutaidon monitahoista käsitteellistä intensiota perustuen neljän eri teoreettisen mallin käyttämiseen käsittelyn lähdeaineistona. Tutkimuskysymykset selvittävät informaatiolukutaitoa kuvaavien erilaisten mallien ...

  1. Space Mission : Y3K

    2001-01-01

    ESA and the APME are hosting a contest for 10 - 15 year olds in nine European countries (Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom). The contest is based on an interactive CD ROM, called Space Mission: Y3K, which explores space technology and shows some concrete uses of that technology in enhancing the quality of life on Earth. The CD ROM invites kids to join animated character Space Ranger Pete on an action-packed, colourful journey through space. Space Ranger Pete begins on Earth: the user navigates around a 'locker room' to learn about synthetic materials used in rocket boosters, heat shields, space suits and helmets, and how these materials have now become indispensable to everyday life. From Earth he flies into space and the user follows him from the control room in the spacecraft to a planet, satellites and finally to the International Space Station. Along the way, the user jots down clues that he or she discovers in this exploration, designing an imaginary space community and putting together a submission for the contest. The lucky winners will spend a weekend training as "junior astronauts" at the European Space Centre in Belgium (20-22 April 2001). They will be put through their astronaut paces, learning the art of space walking, running their own space mission, piloting a space capsule and re-entering the Earth's atmosphere. The competition features in various youth media channels across Europe. In the UK, popular BBC Saturday morning TV show, Live & Kicking, will be launching the competition and will invite viewers to submit their space community designs to win a weekend at ESC. In Germany, high circulation children's magazine Geolino will feature the competition in the January issue and on their internet site. And youth magazine ZoZitDat will feature the competition in the Netherlands throughout February. Space Mission: Y3K is part of an on-going partnership between the ESA's Technology Transfer

  2. Vitamin K deficiency bleeding of the newborn

    Vitamin K deficiency bleeding of the newborn (VKDB) is a bleeding disorder in babies. It most often develops shortly ... A lack of vitamin K may cause severe bleeding in newborn babies. Vitamin K plays an important role in blood clotting. Babies often have a ...

  3. Surface current density K: an introduction

    McAllister, Iain Wilson

    1991-01-01

    The author discusses the vector surface of current density K used in electrical insulation studies. K is related to the vector tangential electric field Kt at the surface of a body by the vector equation K=ΓE t where Γ represents the surface conductivity. The author derives a surface continuity...

  4. Kuninglik käepigistus / Richard Teng

    Teng, Richard, 1906-1990

    1980-01-01

    1940. aastal rekireeris Inglise valitsus kõik nende sadamates olnud eesti laevad, mis keeldusid Murmanskisse minemast, meeskond võis jääda. 1941. aastal käis kuningas Georg VI meremeeste kätt surumas ja tänu avaldamas

  5. Detecting k -nonseparability via local uncertainty relations

    Hong, Yan; Luo, Shunlong

    2016-04-01

    We investigate k -nonseparability of n -partite quantum states which is an important kind of correlations characterizing multipartite entanglement. We derive some k -nonseparability criteria in the form of variance and quantum Fisher information, and illustrate their complementary features in the detection of k -nonseparability through several examples.

  6. The K-NET - A year after

    We started to release the K-NET strong-motion data from June 1996 and about one year passed. In this article, we report the development of K-NET and some applications using the K-NET information released on the Internet. (author)

  7. Eestit külastasid Saksa politseijuhid

    2005-01-01

    7.-14. novembrini külastasid Eestit Saksa Liitvabariigi Rheinland-Pfalzi liidumaa Trieri politseipresident Manfred Bitter ja esimene ülemkomissar Ulrich Müller. Visiidi käigus tutvusid külalised Politseiameti, Julgestuspolitsei, Keskkriminaalpolitsei ning Kohtuekspertiisi ja Kriminalistika Keskuse töökorraldusega

  8. Transcendental K\\"ahler Cohomology Classes

    Popovici, Dan

    2012-01-01

    Associated with a smooth, $d$-closed $(1, 1)$-form $\\alpha$ of possibly non-rational De Rham cohomology class on a compact complex manifold $X$ is a sequence of asymptotically holomorphic complex line bundles $L_k$ on $X$ equipped with $(0, 1)$-connections $\\bar\\partial_k$ for which $\\bar\\partial_k^2\

  9. Supplementary information on K-Basin sludges

    MAKENAS, B.J.

    1999-03-15

    Three previous documents in this series have been published covering the analysis of: K East Basin Floor and Pit Sludge, K East Basin Canister Sludge, and K West Basin Canister Sludge. Since their publication, additional data have been acquired and analyses performed. It is the purpose of this volume to summarize the additional insights gained in the interim time period.

  10. Roles for vitamin K beyond coagulation

    Recent interest in vitamin K has been motivated by evidence of physiological roles beyond that of coagulation. Vitamin K and vitamin K-dependent proteins may be involved in regulation of calcification, energy metabolism, and inflammation. However, the evidence for many of these proposed roles in the...

  11. Supplementary information on K-Basin sludges

    Three previous documents in this series have been published covering the analysis of: K East Basin Floor and Pit Sludge, K East Basin Canister Sludge, and K West Basin Canister Sludge. Since their publication, additional data have been acquired and analyses performed. It is the purpose of this volume to summarize the additional insights gained in the interim time period

  12. On k-hypertournament losing scores

    Pirzada, Shariefuddin

    2010-01-01

    We give a new and short proof of a theorem on k-hypertournament losing scores due to Zhou et al. [G. Zhou, T. Yao, K. Zhang, On score sequences of k-tournaments, European J. Comb., 21, 8 (2000) 993-1000.

  13. Coupled channel analysis of s-wave ππ and K anti-K photoproduction

    We present a coupled channel partial wave analysis of non-diffractive S-wave π+π- and K+K- photoproduction focusing on the K anti-K threshold. Final state interactions are included. We calculate total cross sections, angular and effective mass distributions in both ππ and K anti-K channels. Our results indicate that these processes are experimentally measurable and valuable information on the f0(980) resonance structure can be obtained. (author)

  14. Search for B+ -> K+ l+ l- and B0 -> K*0 l+ l-

    Kuznetsova, Natalia

    2000-01-01

    Using a sample of 3.7 x 10^6$ Upsilon(4S) -> B Bbar events collected with the BaBar detector at the PEP-II storage ring, we search for the electroweak penguin decays B+ -> K+ e+ e-, B+ -> K+ mu+ mu-, B0 -> K*0 e+ e-, and B0 -> K*0 mu+ mu-. We observe no significant signals for these modes and set preliminary 90% C.L. upper limits of Br(B+ -> K+ e+ e-) K+ mu+ mu-) K*0 e+ e-) K*0 mu+ mu-) < 24.5 x 10^(-6).

  15. Search for $B^{+} \\to K^{+}l^{+}l^{-}$ and $BO \\to K^{*}01^{+}1^{-}$

    Kuznetsova, N P

    2001-01-01

    Using a sample of 3.7 x 10^6$ Upsilon(4S) -> B Bbar events collected with the BaBar detector at the PEP-II storage ring, we search for the electroweak penguin decays B+ -> K+ e+ e-, B+ -> K+ mu+ mu-, B0 -> K*0 e+ e-, and B0 -> K*0 mu+ mu-. We observe no significant signals for these modes and set preliminary 90% C.L. upper limits of Br(B+ -> K+ e+ e-) K+ mu+ mu-) K*0 e+ e-) K*0 mu+ mu-) < 24.5 x 10^(-6).

  16. Hybrid k -Nearest Neighbor Classifier.

    Yu, Zhiwen; Chen, Hantao; Liuxs, Jiming; You, Jane; Leung, Hareton; Han, Guoqiang

    2016-06-01

    Conventional k -nearest neighbor (KNN) classification approaches have several limitations when dealing with some problems caused by the special datasets, such as the sparse problem, the imbalance problem, and the noise problem. In this paper, we first perform a brief survey on the recent progress of the KNN classification approaches. Then, the hybrid KNN (HBKNN) classification approach, which takes into account the local and global information of the query sample, is designed to address the problems raised from the special datasets. In the following, the random subspace ensemble framework based on HBKNN (RS-HBKNN) classifier is proposed to perform classification on the datasets with noisy attributes in the high-dimensional space. Finally, the nonparametric tests are proposed to be adopted to compare the proposed method with other classification approaches over multiple datasets. The experiments on the real-world datasets from the Knowledge Extraction based on Evolutionary Learning dataset repository demonstrate that RS-HBKNN works well on real datasets, and outperforms most of the state-of-the-art classification approaches. PMID:26126291

  17. K-theory an introduction

    Karoubi, Max

    1978-01-01

    AT-theory was introduced by A. Grothendieck in his formulation of the Riemann- Roch theorem (cf. Borel and Serre [2]). For each projective algebraic variety, Grothendieck constructed a group from the category of coherent algebraic sheaves, and showed that it had many nice properties. Atiyah and Hirzebruch [3] con­ sidered a topological analog defined for any compact space X, a group K{X) constructed from the category of vector bundles on X. It is this ''topological J^-theory" that this book will study. Topological ^-theory has become an important tool in topology. Using- theory, Adams and Atiyah were able to give a simple proof that the only spheres which can be provided with //-space structures are S^, S^ and S'^. Moreover, it is possible to derive a substantial part of stable homotopy theory from A^-theory (cf. J. F. Adams [2]). Further applications to analysis and algebra are found in the work of Atiyah-Singer [2], Bass [1], Quillen [1], and others. A key factor in these applications is Bott periodicity (...

  18. K West Basin canister survey

    A survey was conducted of the K West Basin to determine the distribution of canister types that contain the irradiated N Reactor fuel. An underwater camera was used to conduct the survey during June 1998, and the results were recorded on videotape. A full row-by-row survey of the entire basin was performed, with the distinction between aluminum and stainless steel Mark 1 canisters made by the presence or absence of steel rings on the canister trunions (aluminum canisters have the steel rings). The results of the survey are presented in tables and figures. Grid maps of the three bays show the canister lid ID number and the canister type in each location that contained fuel. The following abbreviations are used in the grid maps for canister type designation: IA = Mark 1 aluminum, IS = Mark 1 stainless steel, and 2 = Mark 2 stainless steel. An overall summary of the canister distribution survey is presented in Table 1. The total number of canisters found to contain fuel was 3842, with 20% being Mark 1 Al, 25% being Mark 1 SS, and 55% being Mark 2 SS. The aluminum canisters were predominantly located in the East and West bays of the basin

  19. On k-Positive Satisfiability Problem

    HUANG Xiong; LI Wei

    1999-01-01

    An algorithm for solving thesatisfiability problem is presented. It is proved that this algorithmsolves 2-SAT and Horn-SAT in linear time and k-positive SAT(in which every clause contains at most k positive literals) in time, where |F| is the length of input F,n is the number of atoms occurring in F, and ξk is thegreatest real number satisfying the equation . Compared with previous results, this nontrivialupper bound on time complexity could only be obtained for k-SAT, whichis a subproblem of k-positive SAT.

  20. Strange (K) nuclear systems (S=-1)

    LI Yi-He; WU Shi-Shu

    2009-01-01

    Λ(1405) is considered as a superposition of two resonances instead of a simple bound state of the kaon and proton. Within the framework of the Brueckner-Hartree-Fock(BHF) theory, we have investigated the K nuclear systems (S=-1), especially K- pp and K- pnn(T=1). The binding energy BK-is 23 MeV (3 MeV) and the width Γ is 62 MeV (56 MeV) for K-pp(K-pnn(T=1)).

  1. MUTASI K RAS PADA KARSINOGENESIS KANKER KOLOREKTAL

    Ni Putu Sriwidyani

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Karsinogenesis kanker kolorektal merupakan proses multi-step, melibatkan berbagai abnormalitasgenetik. Mutasi gen K RAS sering ditemukan pada tumor ini. K RAS adalah gen yang menyandi proteinK ras, suatu produk proto-onkogen yang merupakan komponen penting pada jalur pensignalan darireseptor permukaan sel untuk mengontrol proliferasi, diferensiasi, dan kematian sel. Kebanyakanmutasi terjadi pada kodon 12 dan 13 dari ekson 1. Protein K ras mutan akan menyebabkan aktivasipersisten dari banyak signal downstream dari pertumbuhan dan survival sel. Pemeriksaan adanyamutasi pada gen K RAS memegang peranan penting pada prognosis dan terapi dari kanker kolorektal.[MEDICINA 2013;44:97-100].

  2. Measurement of Time-dependent CP-Violating Asymmetries in B0 -> K+K-K0L Decays

    Aubert, B; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Graugès-Pous, E; Palano, A; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, Michael T; Wenzel, W A; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Harrison, T J; Hart, A J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Fritsch, M; Goetzen, K; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; Kelly, M P; Latham, T E; Wilson, F F; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, A E; Blinov, V E; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Hartfiel, B L; Weinstein, A J R; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Del Re, D; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; MacFarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Lu, A; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Yang, S; Jayatilleke, S M; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Rankin, P; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Harton, J L; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zeng, Q; Spaan, B; Altenburg, D; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Dickopp, M; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Lacker, H M; Maly, E; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Petzold, A; Schott, G; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Grenier, P; Schrenk, S; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Bard, D J; Clark, P J; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Azzolini, V; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Piemontese, L; Sarti, A; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De, R; Sangro; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Bailey, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Won, E; Dubitzky, R S; Langenegger, U; Marks, J; Uwer, U; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Gaillard, J R; Morton, G W; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Taylor, G P; Charles, M J; Grenier, G J; Mallik, U; Mohapatra, A K; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Lamsa, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Yi, J; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Giroux, X; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Petersen, T C; Pierini, M; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Simani, M C; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Chavez, C A; Coleman, J P; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Parry, R J; Payne, D J; Touramanis, C; Cormack, C M; Di Lodovico, F; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; Green, M G; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Winter, M A; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Hodgkinson, M C; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Chen, C; Farbin, A; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Lillard, V; Roberts, D A; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Koptchev, V B; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Willocq, S; Cowan, R; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L M; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M; Bulten, H; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Wilden, L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Benelli, G; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Pulliam, T; Rahimi, A M; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Lu, M; Potter, C T; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Colecchia, F; Dorigo, A; Galeazzi, F; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; La Vaissière, C de; Hamon, O; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Roos, L; Therin, G; Behera, P K; Gladney, L; Guo, Q H; Panetta, J; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Pioppi, M; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bondioli, M; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rama, M; Rizzo, G; Simi, G; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Paick, K; Wagoner, D E; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Miftakov, V; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Safai, F; Tehrani; Voena, C; Christ, S; Schröder, H; Wagner, G; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B J; Gopal, G P; Olaiya, E O; Aleksan, Roy; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Giraud, P F; Graziani, G; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, Witold; Legendre, M; London, G W; Mayer, B; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Purohit, M V; Weidemann, A W; Wilson, J R; Yumiceva, F X; Abe, T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Berger, N; Boyarski, A M; Buchmüller, O L; Claus, R; Convery, M R; Cristinziani, M; De Nardo, Gallieno; Dingfelder, J C; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Fan, S; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Hadig, T; Halyo, V; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Libby, J; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Soha, A; Stelzer, J; Strube, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Vavra, J; Wagner, S R; Weaver, M; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Young, C C; Burchat, Patricia R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Roat, C; Ahmed, M; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Saeed, M A; Saleem, M; Wappler, F R; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Kim, H; Ritchie, J L; Satpathy, A; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Bóna, M; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Grancagnolo, S; Lanceri, L; Poropat, P; Vitale, L; Vuagnin, G; Martínez-Vidal, F; Panvini, R S; Banerjee, S W; Bhuyan, B; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Hamano, K; Jackson, P D; Kowalewski, R V; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Mohanty, G B; Band, H R; Chen, X; Cheng, B; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Eichenbaum, A M; Flood, K T; Graham, M; Hollar, J J; Johnson, J R; Kutter, P E; Li, H; Liu, R; Mihályi, A; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Tan, P; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Wu, J; Wu, S L; Yu, Z; Greene, M G; Neal, H

    2005-01-01

    We present preliminary measurements of the CP asymmetry parameters and CP content in B0 --> K+K-K0L decays, with B0 --> phi K0L events excluded. In a sample of 227 M B bar B pairs collected by the BaBar detector at the PEP-II B Factory at SLAC, we find the CP parameters to be S = 0.07 +/- 0.28 (stat) {+0.11} {-0.12} (syst) C = 0.54 +/- 0.22 (stat) {+0.08} {-0.09} (syst) where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic. Estimating the fraction of CP-odd final states from angular moments analysis in the K+K-K0S CP-conjugate final state, f_{odd} (K+K-K0L) = 0.92 +/- 0.07 (stat) +/- 0.06 (syst) we determine sin 2beta_{eff} = 0.09 +/- 0.33, (stat) {+0.13} {-0.14} (syst) +/- 0.10 (syst CP-cont)

  3. The T2K TPCs

    The Tokai-to-Kamiokande (T2K) experiment is a second generation long baseline neutrino oscillation experiment which will start taking data at the end of 2009. A high intensity muon neutrino beam produced at the new JPARC proton accelerator complex at Tokai, Japan is aimed at the Super-Kamiokande detector which is 295 km away. The goals of the experiment include the precision measurement of the muon neutrino disappearance parameters θ23 and Delta m232 and the determination of θ13 by the measurement of the muon neutrino to electron neutrino appearance signal. A near detector complex (ND280) located 280 m from the target will be used to measure the neutrino energy spectrum, flavour content and interaction rates of the unoscillated beam. The tracking part of ND280 consists of two finely segmented scintillator modules (FGDs) and three large gaseous Time Projection Chambers (TPCs) operated within a 0.2 T magnetic field provided by the ex UA1/Nomad magnet. The TPCs are designed to measure the charge, the momentum, and the identity of charged particles through ionization loss in the gas. 72 micromegas modules, with an equivalent surface of 9 m2 will equip the three TPCs. The first TPC has already been constructed and tested with a particle beam and cosmic ray muons. The TPCs will be installed at JPARC in 2009. The design and construction aspects, the present construction status and results from a beam test operated at TRIUMF with the first fully equipped TPC will be presented. (author)

  4. Analysis of the differential cross sections for the reaction pp→ppK+K- in view of the K+K- interaction

    Measurements of the pp→ppK+K- reaction, performed with the experiment COSY-11 at the Cooler Synchrotron COSY, show a significant difference between the obtained excitation function and theoretical expectations including pp-FSI. The discrepancy may be assigned to the influence of K+K- or K-p interaction. This interaction should manifest itself in the distributions of the differential cross section. This thesis presents an analysis of event distributions as a function of the invariant masses of two particle subsystems. In particular in the analysis two generalizations of the Dalitz plot proposed by Goldhaber and Nyborg are used. The present Investigations are based on the experimental data determined by the COSY-11 collaboration from two measurements at excess energies of Q=10 MeV and 28 MeV. The experimental distributions are compared to results of Monte Carlo simulations generated with various parameters of the K+K- and K-p interaction. The values of the K+K- scattering length, extracted from two data sets for Q=10 MeV and 28 MeV amount to: aK+K-=(11±8)+i(0±6) fm for Q=10 MeV, and aK+K-=(0.2±0.2)+i(0.0±0.5) fm for Q=28 MeV. Due to the low statistics, the extracted values have large uncertainties and are consistent with very low values of the real and imaginary part of the scattering length. (orig.)

  5. Úvodník

    Jana Dlouhá

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Vážení čtenáři Envigogiky, jak máme ve zvyku, představujeme nové právě vycházející číslo (2013/VIII/3 v souvislostech širších, dosvědčujících směr našeho společného usilování. V tomto podzimním čase se dotkneme často diskutovaného problému elit a jejich postavení v současné společnosti výkonu, a pravidelně opakovaných námitek, že současná společnost elity jakoby nepotřebuje, a ani nevytváří[1]. Intelektuální elitou je vždy míněna vrstva lidí s rozhledem, sečtělých, schopných uvažovat v souvislostech; to vše jsou schopnosti vznikající ve svobodě – nejen smýšlení, tedy názoru a jeho vyjádření, ale především myšlení samého. Tato svoboda potřebuje otevření časového prostoru, kdy myšlení je samo sebou – může volně plynout, aniž by naráželo na své, či spíše vnější „produktivní“ nároky. Čas pro čtení, rozvažování či dokonce rozjímání chybí stále více, což je spojeno s nedůvěrou, že by takové počínání mohlo vůbec „k něčemu vést“. Také environmentální vzdělání vede v tomto ohledu bitvu předem ztracenou – pokouší se vyvzdorovat tento volný čas v systému požírajícímu naše děti již v útlém věku, a obhájit jej proti soustavnému nároku na vytváření nových znalostí. Jenomže co to je znalost: správně zodpovězená položka v dotazníku, výsledek testu? Souvisí v naší „znalostní společnosti“ opravdu přímo s (osobním úspěchem? Skutečné poznání je třeba nejen nabýt, ale také pro sebe strávit, vystavit zkoušce při střetu se skutečností, obhájit v diskusi… To vše postupně zdegenerovalo v pouhou schopnost použít je pro tvorbu požadovaného produktu, ať jím je publikovaný text, prezentace, nebo jen ukončená vzdělávací jednotka vykazatelná v CV. Že by se dalo poznávat „jen tak“, při četbě, procházkách krajinou a diskusích s přáteli, se zd

  6. Search for the suppressed decays $B^{+}\\rightarrow K^{+}K^{+}\\pi^{-}$ and $B^{+}\\rightarrow \\pi^{+}\\pi^{+}K^{-}$

    Aaij, Roel; Adinolfi, Marco; Ajaltouni, Ziad; Akar, Simon; Albrecht, Johannes; Alessio, Federico; Alexander, Michael; Ali, Suvayu; Alkhazov, Georgy; Alvarez Cartelle, Paula; Alves Jr, Antonio Augusto; Amato, Sandra; Amerio, Silvia; Amhis, Yasmine; An, Liupan; Anderlini, Lucio; Andreassi, Guido; Andreotti, Mirco; Andrews, Jason; Appleby, Robert; Aquines Gutierrez, Osvaldo; Archilli, Flavio; d'Argent, Philippe; Arnau Romeu, Joan; Artamonov, Alexander; Artuso, Marina; Aslanides, Elie; Auriemma, Giulio; Baalouch, Marouen; Babuschkin, Igor; Bachmann, Sebastian; Back, John; Badalov, Alexey; Baesso, Clarissa; Baldini, Wander; Barlow, Roger; Barschel, Colin; Barsuk, Sergey; Barter, William; Batozskaya, Varvara; Batsukh, Baasansuren; Battista, Vincenzo; Bay, Aurelio; Beaucourt, Leo; Beddow, John; Bedeschi, Franco; Bediaga, Ignacio; Bel, Lennaert; Bellee, Violaine; Belloli, Nicoletta; Belous, Konstantin; Belyaev, Ivan; Ben-Haim, Eli; Bencivenni, Giovanni; Benson, Sean; Benton, Jack; Berezhnoy, Alexander; Bernet, Roland; Bertolin, Alessandro; Betti, Federico; Bettler, Marc-Olivier; van Beuzekom, Martinus; Bezshyiko, Iaroslava; Bifani, Simone; Billoir, Pierre; Bird, Thomas; Birnkraut, Alex; Bitadze, Alexander; Bizzeti, Andrea; Blake, Thomas; Blanc, Frederic; Blouw, Johan; Blusk, Steven; Bocci, Valerio; Boettcher, Thomas; Bondar, Alexander; Bondar, Nikolay; Bonivento, Walter; Borgheresi, Alessio; Borghi, Silvia; Borisyak, Maxim; Borsato, Martino; Bossu, Francesco; Boubdir, Meriem; Bowcock, Themistocles; Bowen, Espen Eie; Bozzi, Concezio; Braun, Svende; Britsch, Markward; Britton, Thomas; Brodzicka, Jolanta; Buchanan, Emma; Burr, Christopher; Bursche, Albert; Buytaert, Jan; Cadeddu, Sandro; Calabrese, Roberto; Calvi, Marta; Calvo Gomez, Miriam; Camboni, Alessandro; Campana, Pierluigi; Campora Perez, Daniel; Campora Perez, Daniel Hugo; Capriotti, Lorenzo; Carbone, Angelo; Carboni, Giovanni; Cardinale, Roberta; Cardini, Alessandro; Carniti, Paolo; Carson, Laurence; Carvalho Akiba, Kazuyoshi; Casse, Gianluigi; Cassina, Lorenzo; Castillo Garcia, Lucia; Cattaneo, Marco; Cauet, Christophe; Cavallero, Giovanni; Cenci, Riccardo; Charles, Matthew; Charpentier, Philippe; Chatzikonstantinidis, Georgios; Chefdeville, Maximilien; Chen, Shanzhen; Cheung, Shu-Faye; Chobanova, Veronika; Chrzaszcz, Marcin; Cid Vidal, Xabier; Ciezarek, Gregory; Clarke, Peter; Clemencic, Marco; Cliff, Harry; Closier, Joel; Coco, Victor; Cogan, Julien; Cogneras, Eric; Cogoni, Violetta; Cojocariu, Lucian; Collazuol, Gianmaria; Collins, Paula; Comerma-Montells, Albert; Contu, Andrea; Cook, Andrew; Coquereau, Samuel; Corti, Gloria; Corvo, Marco; Costa Sobral, Cayo Mar; Couturier, Benjamin; Cowan, Greig; Craik, Daniel Charles; Crocombe, Andrew; Cruz Torres, Melissa Maria; Cunliffe, Samuel; Currie, Robert; D'Ambrosio, Carmelo; Dall'Occo, Elena; Dalseno, Jeremy; David, Pieter; Davis, Adam; De Aguiar Francisco, Oscar; De Bruyn, Kristof; De Capua, Stefano; De Cian, Michel; De Miranda, Jussara; De Paula, Leandro; De Serio, Marilisa; De Simone, Patrizia; Dean, Cameron Thomas; Decamp, Daniel; Deckenhoff, Mirko; Del Buono, Luigi; Demmer, Moritz; Derkach, Denis; Deschamps, Olivier; Dettori, Francesco; Dey, Biplab; Di Canto, Angelo; Dijkstra, Hans; Dordei, Francesca; Dorigo, Mirco; Dosil Su{á}rez, Alvaro; Dovbnya, Anatoliy; Dreimanis, Karlis; Dufour, Laurent; Dujany, Giulio; Dungs, Kevin; Durante, Paolo; Dzhelyadin, Rustem; Dziurda, Agnieszka; Dzyuba, Alexey; D{é}l{é}age, Nicolas; Easo, Sajan; Ebert, Marcus; Egede, Ulrik; Egorychev, Victor; Eidelman, Semen; Eisenhardt, Stephan; Eitschberger, Ulrich; Ekelhof, Robert; Eklund, Lars; Elsasser, Christian; Ely, Scott; Esen, Sevda; Evans, Hannah Mary; Evans, Timothy; Falabella, Antonio; Farley, Nathanael; Farry, Stephen; Fay, Robert; Fazzini, Davide; Ferguson, Dianne; Fernandez Albor, Victor; Fernandez Prieto, Antonio; Ferrari, Fabio; Ferreira Rodrigues, Fernando; Ferro-Luzzi, Massimiliano; Filippov, Sergey; Fini, Rosa Anna; Fiore, Marco; Fiorini, Massimiliano; Firlej, Miroslaw; Fitzpatrick, Conor; Fiutowski, Tomasz; Fleuret, Frederic; Fohl, Klaus; Fontana, Marianna; Fontanelli, Flavio; Forshaw, Dean Charles; Forty, Roger; Franco Lima, Vinicius; Frank, Markus; Frei, Christoph; Fu, Jinlin; Furfaro, Emiliano; F{ä}rber, Christian; Gallas Torreira, Abraham; Galli, Domenico; Gallorini, Stefano; Gambetta, Silvia; Gandelman, Miriam; Gandini, Paolo; Gao, Yuanning; Garcia Martin, Luis Miguel; Garc{í}a Pardi{ñ}as, Juli{á}n; Garra Tico, Jordi; Garrido, Lluis; Garsed, Philip John; Gascon, David; Gaspar, Clara; Gavardi, Laura

    2016-01-01

    A search is made for the highly-suppressed B meson decays $B^{+}\\rightarrow K^{+}K^{+}\\pi^{-}$ and $B^{+}\\rightarrow \\pi^{+}\\pi^{+}K^{-}$ using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.0 $fb^{-1}$ collected by the LHCb experiment in proton-proton collisions at centre-of-mass energies of 7 and 8 TeV. No evidence is found for the decays, and upper limits at 90\\% confidence level are determined to be $\\mathcal{B}(B^{+}\\rightarrow K^{+}K^{+}\\pi^{-}) < 1.1\\times 10^{-8}$ and $\\mathcal{B}(B^{+}\\rightarrow \\pi^{+}\\pi^{+}K^{-}) < 4.6\\times 10^{-8}$.

  7. Collins asymmetries in inclusive charged K K and K π pairs produced in e+e- annihilation

    Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Grauges, E.; Palano, A.; Eigen, G.; Stugu, B.; Brown, D. N.; Kerth, L. T.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Lee, M. J.; Lynch, G.; Koch, H.; Schroeder, T.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T. S.; McKenna, J. A.; So, R. Y.; Khan, A.; Blinov, V. E.; Buzykaev, A. R.; Druzhinin, V. P.; Golubev, V. B.; Kravchenko, E. A.; Onuchin, A. P.; Serednyakov, S. I.; Skovpen, Yu. I.; Solodov, E. P.; Todyshev, K. Yu.; Lankford, A. J.; Dey, B.; Gary, J. W.; Long, O.; Franco Sevilla, M.; Hong, T. M.; Kovalskyi, D.; Richman, J. D.; West, C. A.; Eisner, A. M.; Lockman, W. S.; Panduro Vazquez, W.; Schumm, B. A.; Seiden, A.; Chao, D. S.; Cheng, C. H.; Echenard, B.; Flood, K. T.; Hitlin, D. G.; Miyashita, T. S.; Ongmongkolkul, P.; Porter, F. C.; Röhrken, M.; Andreassen, R.; Huard, Z.; Meadows, B. T.; Pushpawela, B. G.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Sun, L.; Bloom, P. C.; Ford, W. T.; Gaz, A.; Smith, J. G.; Wagner, S. R.; Ayad, R.; Toki, W. H.; Spaan, B.; Bernard, D.; Verderi, M.; Playfer, S.; Bettoni, D.; Bozzi, C.; Calabrese, R.; Cibinetto, G.; Fioravanti, E.; Garzia, I.; Luppi, E.; Piemontese, L.; Santoro, V.; Calcaterra, A.; de Sangro, R.; Finocchiaro, G.; Martellotti, S.; Patteri, P.; Peruzzi, I. M.; Piccolo, M.; Zallo, A.; Contri, R.; Monge, M. R.; Passaggio, S.; Patrignani, C.; Bhuyan, B.; Prasad, V.; Adametz, A.; Uwer, U.; Lacker, H. M.; Mallik, U.; Chen, C.; Cochran, J.; Prell, S.; Ahmed, H.; Gritsan, A. V.; Arnaud, N.; Davier, M.; Derkach, D.; Grosdidier, G.; Le Diberder, F.; Lutz, A. M.; Malaescu, B.; Roudeau, P.; Stocchi, A.; Wormser, G.; Lange, D. J.; Wright, D. M.; Coleman, J. P.; Fry, J. R.; Gabathuler, E.; Hutchcroft, D. E.; Payne, D. J.; Touramanis, C.; Bevan, A. J.; Di Lodovico, F.; Sacco, R.; Cowan, G.; Brown, D. N.; Davis, C. L.; Denig, A. G.; Fritsch, M.; Gradl, W.; Griessinger, K.; Hafner, A.; Schubert, K. R.; Barlow, R. J.; Lafferty, G. D.; Cenci, R.; Hamilton, B.; Jawahery, A.; Roberts, D. A.; Cowan, R.; Cheaib, R.; Patel, P. M.; Robertson, S. H.; Neri, N.; Palombo, F.; Cremaldi, L.; Godang, R.; Summers, D. J.; Simard, M.; Taras, P.; De Nardo, G.; Onorato, G.; Sciacca, C.; Raven, G.; Jessop, C. P.; LoSecco, J. M.; Honscheid, K.; Kass, R.; Margoni, M.; Morandin, M.; Posocco, M.; Rotondo, M.; Simi, G.; Simonetto, F.; Stroili, R.; Akar, S.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bomben, M.; Bonneaud, G. R.; Briand, H.; Calderini, G.; Chauveau, J.; Leruste, Ph.; Marchiori, G.; Ocariz, J.; Biasini, M.; Manoni, E.; Rossi, A.; Angelini, C.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Carpinelli, M.; Casarosa, G.; Chrzaszcz, M.; Forti, F.; Giorgi, M. A.; Lusiani, A.; Oberhof, B.; Paoloni, E.; Rama, M.; Rizzo, G.; Walsh, J. J.; Lopes Pegna, D.; Olsen, J.; Smith, A. J. S.; Anulli, F.; Faccini, R.; Ferrarotto, F.; Ferroni, F.; Gaspero, M.; Pilloni, A.; Piredda, G.; Bünger, C.; Dittrich, S.; Grünberg, O.; Hess, M.; Leddig, T.; Voß, C.; Waldi, R.; Adye, T.; Olaiya, E. O.; Wilson, F. F.; Emery, S.; Vasseur, G.; Aston, D.; Bard, D. J.; Cartaro, C.; Convery, M. R.; Dorfan, J.; Dubois-Felsmann, G. P.; Dunwoodie, W.; Ebert, M.; Field, R. C.; Fulsom, B. G.; Graham, M. T.; Hast, C.; Innes, W. R.; Kim, P.; Leith, D. W. G. S.; Luitz, S.; Luth, V.; MacFarlane, D. B.; Muller, D. R.; Neal, H.; Pulliam, T.; Ratcliff, B. N.; Roodman, A.; Schindler, R. H.; Snyder, A.; Su, D.; Sullivan, M. K.; Va'vra, J.; Wisniewski, W. J.; Wulsin, H. W.; Purohit, M. V.; Wilson, J. R.; Randle-Conde, A.; Sekula, S. J.; Bellis, M.; Burchat, P. R.; Puccio, E. M. T.; Alam, M. S.; Ernst, J. A.; Gorodeisky, R.; Guttman, N.; Peimer, D. R.; Soffer, A.; Spanier, S. M.; Ritchie, J. L.; Schwitters, R. F.; Izen, J. M.; Lou, X. C.; Bianchi, F.; De Mori, F.; Filippi, A.; Gamba, D.; Lanceri, L.; Vitale, L.; Martinez-Vidal, F.; Oyanguren, A.; Albert, J.; Banerjee, Sw.; Beaulieu, A.; Bernlochner, F. U.; Choi, H. H. F.; King, G. J.; Kowalewski, R.; Lewczuk, M. J.; Lueck, T.; Nugent, I. M.; Roney, J. M.; Sobie, R. J.; Tasneem, N.; Gershon, T. J.; Harrison, P. F.; Latham, T. E.; Band, H. R.; Dasu, S.; Pan, Y.; Prepost, R.; Wu, S. L.; BaBar Collaboration

    2015-12-01

    We present measurements of Collins asymmetries in the inclusive process e+e- →h1h2X , h1h2=K K , K π , π π , at the center-of-mass energy of 10.6 GeV, using a data sample of 468 fb-1 collected by the BABAR experiment at the PEP-II B factory at SLAC National Accelerator Center. Considering hadrons in opposite thrust hemispheres of hadronic events, we observe clear azimuthal asymmetries in the ratio of unlike sign to like sign, and unlike sign to all charged h1h2 pairs, which increase with hadron energies. The K π asymmetries are similar to those measured for the π π pairs, whereas those measured for high-energy K K pairs are, in general, larger.

  8. 26 CFR 1.401(k)-4 - SIMPLE 401(k) plan requirements.

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false SIMPLE 401(k) plan requirements. 1.401(k)-4 Section 1.401(k)-4 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Pension, Profit-Sharing, Stock Bonus Plans, Etc. § 1.401(k)-4...

  9. Polarization, CP asymmetry, and branching ratios in B→K*K* with the perturbative QCD approach

    We study the charmless rare decays B→K*K* within the perturbative QCD picture. We calculate not only factorizable and nonfactorizable diagrams, but also annihilation ones. Our predictions are the following: The longitudinal polarization fraction vary from 75% to 99% depending on channels, the branching ratios are of order 10-7 for B0(B0)→K*0K*0 and B±→K*±K*0(K*0), much bigger than that for B0(B0)→K*+K*-(10-8). The direct CP asymmetry in B±→K*±K*0(K*0) and B0(B0)→K*+K*- is about -15% and -65% if we choose α(φ2) as 95 deg.. The direct CP violation in B0(B0)→K*0K*0 decays is negligible if there is not strong final state interactions. Our predictions will be tested in the future B experiments

  10. k-t PCA: temporally constrained k-t BLAST reconstruction using principal component analysis

    Pedersen, Henrik; Kozerke, Sebastian; Ringgaard, Steffen;

    2009-01-01

    The k-t broad-use linear acquisition speed-up technique (BLAST) has become widespread for reducing image acquisition time in dynamic MRI. In its basic form k-t BLAST speeds up the data acquisition by undersampling k-space over time (referred to as k-t space). The resulting aliasing is resolved in...

  11. Test of CP symmetry based on K0antiK0 interferometry

    After the recent precise measurement of ε'/ε using KS and KL beams, the motivations for the study of the CP violation parameters of the K0-anti K0 system using tagged K0S (and antiK0S) at LEAR are presented

  12. Dial a Ride from k-forest

    Gupta, Anupam; Nagarajan, Viswanath; Ravi, R

    2007-01-01

    The k-forest problem is a common generalization of both the k-MST and the dense-$k$-subgraph problems. Formally, given a metric space on $n$ vertices $V$, with $m$ demand pairs $\\subseteq V \\times V$ and a ``target'' $k\\le m$, the goal is to find a minimum cost subgraph that connects at least $k$ demand pairs. In this paper, we give an $O(\\min\\{\\sqrt{n},\\sqrt{k}\\})$-approximation algorithm for $k$-forest, improving on the previous best ratio of $O(n^{2/3}\\log n)$ by Segev & Segev. We then apply our algorithm for k-forest to obtain approximation algorithms for several Dial-a-Ride problems. The basic Dial-a-Ride problem is the following: given an $n$ point metric space with $m$ objects each with its own source and destination, and a vehicle capable of carrying at most $k$ objects at any time, find the minimum length tour that uses this vehicle to move each object from its source to destination. We prove that an $\\alpha$-approximation algorithm for the $k$-forest problem implies an $O(\\alpha\\cdot\\log^2n)$-ap...

  13. B, D and K decays

    Buchalla, G.; Komatsubara, T. K.; Muheim, F.; Silvestrini, L.; Artuso, M.; Asner, D. M.; Ball, P.; Baracchini, E.; Bell, G.; Beneke, M.; Berryhill, J.; Bevan, A.; Bigi, I. I.; Blanke, M.; Bobeth, Ch.; Bona, M.; Borzumati, F.; Browder, T.; Buanes, T.; Buchmüller, O.; Buras, A. J.; Burdin, S.; Cassel, D. G.; Cavanaugh, R.; Ciuchini, M.; Colangelo, P.; Crosetti, G.; Dedes, A.; de Fazio, F.; Descotes-Genon, S.; Dickens, J.; Doležal, Z.; Dürr, S.; Egede, U.; Eggel, C.; Eigen, G.; Fajfer, S.; Feldmann, Th.; Ferrandes, R.; Gambino, P.; Gershon, T.; Gibson, V.; Giorgi, M.; Gligorov, V. V.; Golob, B.; Golutvin, A.; Grossman, Y.; Guadagnoli, D.; Haisch, U.; Hazumi, M.; Heinemeyer, S.; Hiller, G.; Hitlin, D.; Huber, T.; Hurth, T.; Iijima, T.; Ishikawa, A.; Isidori, G.; Jäger, S.; Khodjamirian, A.; Koppenburg, P.; Lagouri, T.; Langenegger, U.; Lazzeroni, C.; Lenz, A.; Lubicz, V.; Lucha, W.; Mahlke, H.; Melikhov, D.; Mescia, F.; Misiak, M.; Nakao, M.; Napolitano, J.; Nikitin, N.; Nierste, U.; Oide, K.; Okada, Y.; Paradisi, P.; Parodi, F.; Patel, M.; Petrov, A. A.; Pham, T. N.; Pierini, M.; Playfer, S.; Polesello, G.; Policicchio, A.; Poschenrieder, A.; Raimondi, P.; Recksiegel, S.; Řezníček, P.; Robert, A.; Rosner, J. L.; Ruggiero, G.; Sarti, A.; Schneider, O.; Schwab, F.; Simula, S.; Sivoklokov, S.; Slavich, P.; Smith, C.; Smizanska, M.; Soni, A.; Speer, T.; Spradlin, P.; Spranger, M.; Starodumov, A.; Stech, B.; Stocchi, A.; Stone, S.; Tarantino, C.; Teubert, F.; T'jampens, S.; Toms, K.; Trabelsi, K.; Trine, S.; Uhlig, S.; Vagnoni, V.; van Hunen, J. J.; Weiglein, G.; Weiler, A.; Wilkinson, G.; Xie, Y.; Yamauchi, M.; Zhu, G.; Zupan, J.; Zwicky, R.

    2008-09-01

    The present report documents the results of Working Group 2: B, D and K decays, of the workshop on Flavor in the Era of the LHC, held at CERN from November 2005 through March 2007. With the advent of the LHC, we will be able to probe New Physics (NP) up to energy scales almost one order of magnitude larger than it has been possible with present accelerator facilities. While direct detection of new particles will be the main avenue to establish the presence of NP at the LHC, indirect searches will provide precious complementary information, since most probably it will not be possible to measure the full spectrum of new particles and their couplings through direct production. In particular, precision measurements and computations in the realm of flavor physics are expected to play a key role in constraining the unknown parameters of the Lagrangian of any NP model emerging from direct searches at the LHC. The aim of Working Group 2 was twofold: on the one hand, to provide a coherent up-to-date picture of the status of flavor physics before the start of the LHC; on the other hand, to initiate activities on the path towards integrating information on NP from high- p T and flavor data. This report is organized as follows: in Sect. 1, we give an overview of NP models, focusing on a few examples that have been discussed in some detail during the workshop, with a short description of the available computational tools for flavor observables in NP models. Section 2 contains a concise discussion of the main theoretical problem in flavor physics: the evaluation of the relevant hadronic matrix elements for weak decays. Section 3 contains a detailed discussion of NP effects in a set of flavor observables that we identified as “benchmark channels” for NP searches. The experimental prospects for flavor physics at future facilities are discussed in Sect. 4. Finally, Sect. 5 contains some assessments on the work done at the workshop and the prospects for future developments.

  14. B, D and K Decays

    Artuso, M.; Asner, D.M.; Ball, P.; Baracchini, E.; Bell, G.; Beneke, M.; Berryhill, J.; Bevan, A.; Bigi, I.I.; Blanke, M.; Bobeth, Ch.; Bona, M.; Borzumati, F.; Browder, T.; Buanes, T.; Buchalla, G.; Buchmuller, O.; Buras, A.J.; Burdin, S.; Cassel, D.G.; Cavanaugh, R.; /Syracuse U. /Carleton U. /Durham U., IPPP /Rome U. /INFN, Rome /Karlsruhe U. /RWTH Aachen U. /Fermilab /Queen Mary, U. of London /Notre Dame U. /Munich, Tech. U. /Munich, Max Planck Inst. /Dortmund U. /Annecy, LAPP /ICTP, Trieste /Taiwan, Natl. Central U. /Hawaii U. /Bergen U. /Munich U. /CERN /Liverpool U.

    2008-03-07

    The present report documents the results of Working Group 2: B, D and K decays, of the workshop on Flavor in the Era of the LHC, held at CERN from November 2005 through March 2007. With the advent of the LHC, we will be able to probe New Physics (NP) up to energy scales almost one order of magnitude larger than it has been possible with present accelerator facilities. While direct detection of new particles will be the main avenue to establish the presence of NP at the LHC, indirect searches will provide precious complementary information, since most probably it will not be possible to measure the full spectrum of new particles and their couplings through direct production. In particular, precision measurements and computations in the realm of flavor physics are expected to play a key role in constraining the unknown parameters of the Lagrangian of any NP model emerging from direct searches at the LHC. The aim of Working Group 2 was twofold: on one hand, to provide a coherent, up-to-date picture of the status of flavor physics before the start of the LHC; on the other hand, to initiate activities on the path towards integrating information on NP from high-p{sub T} and flavor data. This report is organized as follows. In Sec. 1, we give an overview of NP models, focusing on a few examples that have been discussed in some detail during the workshop, with a short description of the available computational tools for flavor observables in NP models. Sec. 2 contains a concise discussion of the main theoretical problem in flavor physics: the evaluation of the relevant hadronic matrix elements for weak decays. Sec. 3 contains a detailed discussion of NP effects in a set of flavor observables that we identified as 'benchmark channels' for NP searches. The experimental prospects for flavor physics at future facilities are discussed in Sec. 4. Finally, Sec. 5 contains some assessments on the work done at the workshop and the prospects for future developments.

  15. Inelastic Rescattering in B Decays to $\\pi \\pi$, $\\pi K$, and $K\\bar{K}$, and Extraction of $\\gamma $

    Zenczykowski, P.

    2001-01-01

    We discuss all contributions from inelastic SU(3)-symmetric rescattering in B decays into a final pair of pseudoscalar mesons $PP = \\pi \\pi$, $K\\bar{K}$, $\\pi K$. FSI-induced modifications of amplitudes obtained from the quark-line approach are described in terms of a few parameters which take care of all possible SU(3)-symmetric forms relevant for final-state interactions. Although in general it appears impossible to uniquely determine FSI effects from the combined set of all $\\pi \\pi$, $K \\...

  16. Calculating the $K_L-K_S$ mass difference and $\\epsilon_K$ to sub-percent accuracy

    Christ, Norman; Sachrajda, Christopher T; Soni, Amarjit; Yu, Jianglei

    2014-01-01

    The real and imaginary parts of the $K_L-K_S$ mixing matrix receive contributions from all three charge-2/3 quarks: up, charm and top. These give both short- and long-distance contributions which are accessible through a combination of perturbative and lattice methods. We will discuss a strategy to compute both the mass difference, $\\Delta M_K$ and $\\epsilon_K$ to sub-percent accuracy, looking in detail at the contributions from each of the three CKM matrix element products $V_{id}^*V_{is}$ for $i=u, c$ and $t$ as described in Ref. [1

  17. Measurement of CP-Violating Asymmetries in the B0 to K+K-K0 Dalitz Plot

    Dujmic, D.

    2006-09-26

    The authors present a preliminary measurement of CP-violation parameters in the decay B{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}K{sup 0}, using approximately 347 million B{bar B} events collected by the BABAR detector at SLAC. Reconstructing the neutral kaon as K{sub S}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, K{sub S}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup 0}{pi}{sup 0}, or K{sub L}{sup 0}, they analyze the Dalitz plot distribution and measure fractions to intermediate states. They extract CP parameters from the asymmetries in amplitudes and phases between B{sup 0} and {bar B}{sup 0} decays across the Dalitz plot. For decays to {phi}K{sup 0}, they find {beta}{sub eff} = 0.06 {+-} 0.16 {+-} 0.05, A{sub CP} = -0.18 {+-} 0.20 {+-} 0.10, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second one is systematic. For decays to f{sub 0}K{sup 0}, they find {beta}{sub eff} = 0.18 {+-} 0.19 {+-} 0.04, A{sub CP} = 0.45 {+-} 0.28 {+-} 0.10. Combining all K{sup +}K{sup -}K{sup 0} events and taking account of the different CP eigenvalues of the individual Dalitz plot components, they find {beta}{sub eff} = 0.361 {+-} 0.079 {+-} 0.037, A{sub CP} = -0.034 {+-} 0.079 {+-} 0.025. The trigonometric reflection at {pi}/2 - {beta}{sub eff} is disfavored at 4.6{sigma}. They also study angular distributions in B{sup 0} {yields} K{sup +}K{sup -}K{sub S}{sup 0} and B{sup +} {yields} {phi}K{sup +} decays and measure the direct CP asymmetry in B{sup +} {yields} {phi}K{sup +} decays, A{sub CP} = 0.046 {+-} 0.046 {+-} 0.017.

  18. Measurement of the pn -> dK^+K^- total cross section close to threshold

    Maeda, Y; Keshelashvili, I; Barsov, S; Büscher, M; Dzyuba, A; Dymov, S; Hejny, V; Kacharava, A; Kleber, V; Koptev, V; Kulessa, P; Mersmann, T; Mikirtytchiants, S; Mussgiller, A; Nekipelov, M; Ohm, H; Pysz, K; Stein, H J; Ströher, H; Valdau, Yu; Wilkin, C; Wüstner, P

    2008-01-01

    Measurements of the pn -> p_spec dK^+K^- reaction, where p_spec is a spectator proton, have been undertaken at the Cooler Synchrotron COSY-Juelich by detecting a fast deuteron in coincidence with a K^+K^- pair in the ANKE facility. Although the proton beam energy was fixed, the moving target neutron allowed values of the non-resonant quasi-free pn -> dK^+K^- total cross section to be deduced up to an excess energy epsilon ~ 100 MeV. Evidence is found for the effects of K^-d and KKbar final state interactions. The comparison of these data with those of pp -> ppK^+K^- and pp -> dK^+Kbar shows that all the total cross sections are very similar in magnitude.

  19. Scalar-isovector K K-bar production close to threshold

    Dzyuba, A; Büscher, M; Chernyshev, V P; Dymov, S; Fedorets, P; Grishina, V; Hanhart, C; Hartmann, M; Hejny, V; Kondratyuk, L; Koptev, V; Kulessa, P; Maeda, Y; Mersmann, T; Mikirtychyants, S; Nekipelov, M; Prasuhn, D; Schleichert, R; Sibirtsev, A A; Stein, H J; Ströher, H; Zychor, I

    2006-01-01

    The reaction pp -> d K^+ K^0-bar has been investigated at excess energies Q = 47.4 and 104.7 MeV above the K^+ K^0-bar threshold at COSY-Juelich. Coincident dK^+ pairs were detected with the ANKE spectrometer, and events with a missing K^0-bar invariant-mass subsequently identified. The joint analysis of invariant-mass and angular distributions reveals s-wave dominance between the two kaons, in conjunction with a p-wave between the deuteron and the kaon pair, i.e. K K-bar production via the a_0^+(980) channel. Integration of the differential distributions yields total cross sections of sigma(pp -> d K^+ K^0-bar) = (38 +/- 2(stat) +/- 14(syst)) nb and 190 +/- 4(stat) +/- 39(syst)) nb for the low and high Q values, respectively.

  20. K-本原环的结构%Structure of K-primitive Rings

    张志旭; 汪宏远; 赵鹏起; 刘大波; 刘赞勤; 陈琳珏

    2011-01-01

    This note is devoted to the study of K-primitive rings. It is proved that a prime ring R is K-primitive if and only if its a nonzero ideal is K-primitive, if and only if eRe is K-primitive for some nonzero idempotent e to R. It is also shown that GPI prime rings are K-primitive. Related results in the literatures are generalized.%研究K-本原环.证明了素环R是K-本原环当且仅当R含有一个非零理想I是K-本原环,当且仅当eRe是K-本原环,其中e是R的非零幂等元.并证明了GPI素环是K-本原环.推广了文献中的相应结果.

  1. Search for the Theta+ pentaquark in the reactions gammap-->[overline K]0K+n and gammap-->[overline K]0K0p

    Raffaella De Vita; Marco Battaglieri; V. Kubarovsky; Nathan Baltzell; Matthew Bellis; John Goett; Lei Guo; Gordon Mutchler; Paul Stoler; Maurizio Ungaro; Dennis Weygand; Moscov Amaryan; Pawel Ambrozewicz; Marco Anghinolfi; Gegham Asryan; Harutyun AVAKIAN; Harutyun Avakian; Hovhannes Baghdasaryan; Nathan Baillie; Jacques Ball; Vitaly Baturin; Ivan Bedlinski; Ivan Bedlinskiy; Nawal Benmouna; Barry Berman; Angela Biselli; Sergey Boyarinov; Sylvain Bouchigny; Robert Bradford; Derek Branford; William Briscoe; William Brooks; Stephen Bueltmann; Volker Burkert; Cornel Butuceanu; John Calarco; Sharon Careccia; Daniel Carman; Shifeng Chen; Eric Clinton; Philip Cole; Patrick Collins; Philip Coltharp; Donald Crabb; Hall Crannell; Volker Crede; John Cummings; D. Dale; Raffaella De Vita; Enzo De Sanctis; Pavel Degtiarenko; Alexandre Deur; Kahanawita Dharmawardane; Chaden Djalali; Gail Dodge; Joseph Donnelly; David Doughty; Michael Dugger; Oleksandr Dzyubak; Hovanes Egiyan; Kim Egiyan; Lamiaa Elfassi; Latifa Elouadrhiri; Paul Eugenio; Gleb Fedotov; Herbert Funsten; Marianna Gabrielyan; Liping Gan; Michel Garcon; Ashot Gasparian; Gagik Gavalian; Gerard Gilfoyle; Kevin Giovanetti; Francois-Xavier Girod; Oleksandr Glamazdin; John Goetz; Evgueni Golovatch; Atilla Gonenc; Christopher Gordon; Ralf Gothe; Keith Griffioen; Michel Guidal; Nevzat Guler; Harutyun Gyurjyan; Cynthia Hadjidakis; Kawtar Hafidi; Hayk Hakobyan; Rafael Hakobyan; John Hardie; F. Hersman; Kenneth Hicks; Ishaq Hleiqawi; Maurik Holtrop; Charles Hyde-Wright; Yordanka Ilieva; David Ireland; Boris Ishkhanov; Eugeny Isupov; Mark Ito; D. Jenkins; Hyon-Suk Jo; Kyungseon Joo; Henry Juengst; James Kellie; Mahbubul Khandaker; Wooyoung Kim; Andreas Klein; Franz Klein; Alexei Klimenko; Mikhail Kossov; Laird Kramer; Joachim Kuhn; Sebastian Kuhn; Sergey Kuleshov; Jeff Lachniet; Jean Laget; Jorn Langheinrich; Dave Lawrence; Tsung-shung Lee; Ji Li; K. Livingston; Haiyun Lu; Marion MacCormick; Nikolai Markov; Bryan McKinnon; Bernhard Mecking; Joseph Melone; Mac Mestayer; Curtis Meyer; Tsutomu Mibe; Konstantin Mikhaylov; Ralph Minehart; Marco Mirazita; R. Miskimen; Vasiliy Mochalov; Viktor Mokeev; Ludyvine Morand; Steven Morrow; Maryam Moteabbed; Pawel Nadel-Turonski; Itaru Nakagawa; Rakhsha Nasseripour; Silvia Niccolai; Gabriel Niculescu; Maria-Ioana Niculescu; Bogdan Niczyporuk; Megh Niroula; Rustam Niyazov; Mina Nozar; Mikhail Osipenko; Alexander Ostrovidov; Kijun Park; Evgueni Pasyuk; Craig Paterson; Joshua Pierce; Nikolay Pivnyuk; Dinko Pocanic; Oleg Pogorelko; Sergey Pozdnyakov; John Price; Yelena Prok; Dan Protopopescu; Brian Raue; Gregory Riccardi; Giovanni Ricco; Marco Ripani; Barry Ritchie; Federico Ronchetti; Guenther Rosner; Patrizia Rossi; Franck Sabatie; Carlos Salgado; Joseph Santoro; Vladimir Sapunenko; Reinhard Schumacher; Vladimir Serov; Youri Sharabian; Nikolay Shvedunov; Elton Smith; Lee Smith; Daniel Sober; Aleksey Stavinskiy; Samuel Stepanyan; Stepan Stepanyan; Burnham Stokes; Igor Strakovski; Steffen Strauch; Mauro Taiuti; David Tedeschi; Aram Teymurazyan; Ulrike Thoma; Avtandil Tkabladze; Svyatoslav Tkachenko; Luminita Todor; Clarisse Tur; Michael Vineyard; Alexander Vlassov; Daniel Watts; Lawrence Weinstein; M. Williams; Elliott Wolin; Michael Wood; Amrit Yegneswaran; Lorenzo Zana; Jixie Zhang; Bo Zhao; Zhiwen Zhao

    2006-11-16

    The exclusive reactions {gamma}p {yields} {bar K}{sup 0} K{sup +} n and {gamma}p {yields} {bar K}{sup 0} K{sup 0} p have been studied in the photon energy range 1.6--3.8 GeV, searching for evidence of the exotic baryon {Theta}{sup +}(1540) in the decays {Theta}{sup +} {yields} nK{sup +} and {Theta}{sup +} {yields} pK{sup 0}. Data were collected with the CLAS detector at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. The integrated luminosity was about 70 pb{sup -1}. The reactions have been isolated by detecting the K{sup +} and proton directly, the neutral kaon via its decay to K{sub S} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -} and the neutron or neutral kaon via the missing mass technique. The mass and width of known hyperons such as {Sigma}{sup +}, {Sigma}{sup -} and {Lambda}(1116) were used as a check of the mass determination accuracy and experimental resolution. Approximately 100,000 {Lambda}*(1520)'s and 150,000 {phi}'s were observed in the {bar K}{sup 0} K{sup +} n and {bar K}{sup 0} K{sup 0} p final state respectively. No evidence for the {Theta}{sup +} pentaquark was found in the nK{sup +} or pK{sub S} invariant mass spectra. Upper limits were set on the production cross section of the reaction {gamma}p {yields} {Theta}{sup +} {bar K}{sup 0} as functions of center-of-mass angle, nK{sup +} and pK{sub S} masses. Combining the results of the two reactions, the 95% C.L. upper limit on the total cross section for a resonance peaked at 1540 MeV was found to be 0.7 nb. Within most of the available theoretical models, this corresponds to an upper limit on the {Theta}{sup +} width, {Gamma}{sub {Theta}{sup +}}, ranging between 0.01 and 7 MeV.

  2. Contemporary developments in algebraic K-theory

    The School and Conference on Algebraic K-theory which took place at ICTP July 8-26, 2002 was a follow-up to the earlier one in 1997, and like its predecessor, the 2002 meeting endeavoured to emphasise the multidisciplinary aspects of the subject. However, one special feature of the 2002 School and Conference is that the whole activity was dedicated to H. Bass, one of the founders of Algebraic K-theory, on the occasion of his seventieth birthday. The School during the first two weeks, July 8 to 19 was devoted to expository lectures meant to explore and highlight connections between K-theory and several other areas of mathematics - Algebraic Topology, Number theory, Algebraic Geometry, Representation theory, and Non-commutative Geometry. This volume, constituting the Proceedings of the School, is dedicated to H. Bass. The Proceedings of the Conference during the last week July 22 - 26, which will appear in Special issues of K-theory, is also dedicated to H. Bass. The opening contribution by M. Karoubi to this volume consists of a comprehensive survey of developments in K-theory in the last forty-five years, and covers a very broad spectrum of the subject, including Topological K-theory, Atiyah-Singer index theorem, K-theory of Banach algebras, Higher Algebraic K-theory, Cyclic Homology etc. J. Berrick's contribution on 'Algebraic K-theory and Algebraic Topology' treats the various topological constructions of Algebraic K-theory together with the underlying homotopy theory. Topics covered include the plus construction together with its various ramifications and applications, Topological Hochschild and Cyclic Homology as well as K-theory of the ring of integers. The contributions by M. Kolster titled 'K-theory and Arithmetics' includes such topics as values of zeta functions and relations to K-theory, K-theory of integers in number fields and associated conjectures, Etale cohomology, Iwasawa theory etc. A.O. Kuku's contributions on 'K-theory and Representation theory

  3. The Yoneda algebra of a K2 algebra need not be another K2 algebra

    Cassidy, T.; Phan, C.; Shelton, B.

    2010-01-01

    The Yoneda algebra of a Koszul algebra or a D-Koszul algebra is Koszul. K2 algebras are a natural generalization of Koszul algebras, and one would hope that the Yoneda algebra of a K2 algebra would be another K2 algebra. We show that this is not necessarily the case by constructing a monomial K2 algebra for which the corresponding Yoneda algebra is not K2.

  4. RECUBRIMIENTOS K-ARCO TRANSITIVOS DE DIGRAFOS

    Pérez Mansilla, Sonia

    2001-01-01

    Un digrafo o grafo dirigido se dice que es k-arco transitivo si tiene grupo de automorfismos que actúa transitivamente en el conjunto de k-arcos. Para un entero positivo k, un k-arco de un digrafo es una secuencia (x0,x1,.,xk) de k+1 vértices del digrafo tal que para cada i=0,.,k, (xi,xi+1) es un arco del digrafo. Los digrafos de esta clase tienen una alta simetría y por lo tanto pueden ser útiles como modelos de transmisión y de difusión de la información. Uno de los problemas de que nos ...

  5. Taajuusmuuttajan käyttökohteet

    Saari, Juha

    2008-01-01

    Tässä insinöörityössä käsiteltiin teollisuuden sähkökäyttöjen taajuusmuuttajasovelluksia. Työssä selvitettiin, minkälaisissa eri teollisuuden kohteissa taajuusmuuttajia käytetään. Lisäksi esiteltiin, minkälaiset taajuusmuuttajat soveltuvat parhaiten työssä käsiteltyihin kohteisiin. Lisäksi työssä esiteltiin taajuusmuuttajien erilaisia ohjaus- ja säätötapoja, sekä mitä säätötapoja käytetään työssä käsitellyissä kohteissa. Työssä tutkittiin, millaisia etuja taajuusmuuttajilla saavutetaan. T...

  6. The K2-TESS Stellar Properties Catalog

    Stassun, Keivan G; Paegert, Martin; De Lee, Nathan; Sanchis-Ojeda, Roberto

    2014-01-01

    We introduce a catalog of stellar properties for stars observed by the Kepler follow-on mission, K2. We base the catalog on a cross-match between the K2 Campaign target lists and the current working version of the NASA TESS target catalog. The resulting K2-TESS Stellar Properties Catalog includes value-added information from the TESS Target Catalog, including stellar colors, proper motions, and an estimated luminosity class (dwarf/subgiant versus giant) for each star based on a reduced-proper-motion criterion. Also included is the Guest Observer program identification number(s) associated with each K2 target. The K2-TESS Stellar Properties Catalog is available to the community as a freely accessible data portal on the Filtergraph system at: http://filtergraph.vanderbilt.edu/tess_k2campaigns .

  7. A Study of D0 --> K0(S) K0(S) X Decay Channels

    Link, J M; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Machado, A A; Magnin, J; Massafferri, A; De Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; Polycarpo, E; Dos Reis, A C; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Cuautle, E; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vázquez, F; Agostino, L; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; O'Reilly, B; Segoni, I; Stenson, K; Butler, J N; Cheung, H W K; Chiodini, G; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Wang, M; Benussi, L; Bertani, M; Bianco, S; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Zallo, A; Reyes, M; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Rahimi, A; Wiss, J; Gardner, R; Kryemadhi, A; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Cho, K; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Barberis, S; Boschini, M; Cerutti, A; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Edera, L; Erba, S; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Pontoglio, C; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, S; Davenport, T F; Arena, V; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Merlo, M M; Pantea, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Vitulo, P; Hernández, H; López, A M; Méndez, H; Paris, A; Quinones, J; Ramírez, J E; Zhang, Y; Wilson, J R; Handler, T; Mitchell, R; Engh, D; Hosack, M; Johns, W E; Luiggi, E; Moore, J E; Nehring, M; Sheldon, P D; Vaandering, E W; Webster, M; Sheaff, M

    2004-01-01

    Using data from the FOCUS experiment (FNAL-E831), we report on the decay of $D^0$ mesons into final states containing more than one $K^0_S$. We present evidence for two Cabibbo favored decay modes, $D^0\\to K^0_SK^0_S K^- \\pi^+$ and $D^0\\to K^0_SK^0_S K^+ \\pi^-$, and measure their combined branching fraction relative to $D^0\\to \\bar{K} ^0\\pi^+\\pi^-$ to be $\\frac{\\Gamma(D^0\\to K^0_SK^0_SK^{\\pm}\\pi^{\\mp})}{\\Gamma(D^0\\to \\bar{K} ^0\\pi^+\\pi^-)}$ = 0.0106 $\\pm$ 0.0019 $\\pm$ 0.0010. Further, we report new measurements of $\\frac{\\Gamma(D^0\\to K^0_SK^0_SK^0_S)}{\\Gamma(D^0\\to \\bar{K} ^0\\pi^+\\pi^-)}$ = 0.0179 $\\pm$ 0.0027 $\\pm$ 0.0026, $\\frac{\\Gamma(D^0\\to K^0\\bar{K} ^0)}{\\Gamma(D^0\\to \\bar{K} ^0\\pi^+\\pi^-)}$ = 0.0144 $\\pm$ 0.0032 $\\pm$ 0.0016, and $\\frac{\\Gamma(D^0\\to K^0_SK^0_S\\pi^+\\pi^-)}{\\Gamma(D^0\\to \\bar{K} ^0\\pi^+\\pi^-)}$ = 0.0208 $\\pm$ 0.0035 $\\pm$ 0.0021 where the first error is statistical and the second is systematic.

  8. Impaired vitamin K recycling in uremia is rescued by vitamin K supplementation.

    Kaesler, Nadine; Magdeleyns, Elke; Herfs, Marjolein; Schettgen, Thomas; Brandenburg, Vincent; Fliser, Danilo; Vermeer, Cees; Floege, Jürgen; Schlieper, Georg; Krüger, Thilo

    2014-08-01

    In chronic kidney disease, vitamin K-dependent proteins, including the calcification inhibitor matrix Gla protein, are largely uncarboxylated indicating that functional vitamin K deficiency may contribute to uremic vascular calcification. Since the effects of uremia on the vitamin K cycle are unknown, we investigated the influence of uremia and vitamin K supplementation on the activity of the vitamin K cycle and extraosseous calcification. Uremia was induced in rats by an adenine-supplemented diet and vitamin K1 or K2 was administered over 4 and 7 weeks. After 4 weeks of adenine diet, the activity of the vitamin K cycle enzyme γ-carboxylase but not the activities of DT-diaphorase or vitamin K epoxide reductase were reduced. Serum levels of undercarboxylated matrix Gla protein increased, indicating functional vitamin K deficiency. There was no light microscopy-detectable calcification at this stage but chemically determined aortic and renal calcium content was increased. Vitamin K treatment reduced aortic and renal calcium content after 4 weeks. Seven weeks of uremia induced overt calcification in the aorta, heart, and kidneys; however, addition of vitamin K restored intrarenal γ-carboxylase activity and overstimulated it in the liver along with reducing heart and kidney calcification. Thus, uremic vitamin K deficiency may partially result from a reduction of the γ-carboxylase activity which possibly contributes to calcification. Pharmacological vitamin K supplementation restored the vitamin K cycle and slowed development of soft tissue calcification in experimental uremia. PMID:24429407

  9. Search for b--> u transitions in B- -> [K+pi-pi0]_D K-

    Bóna, M; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Prudent, X; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Garra Tico, J; Graugès-Pous, E; López, L; Palano, A; Eigen, G; Stugu, B; Sun, L; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Ronan, M T; Tackmann, K; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Hawkes, C M; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Saleem, M; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev, K Yu; Bondioli, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M; Martin, E C; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Liu, F; Long, O; Shen, B C; Zhang, L; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Wilson, M G; Winstrom, L O; Chen, E; Cheng, C H; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Andreassen, R; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Gabareen, A M; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Wacker, K; Klose, V; Kobel, M J; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Lombardo, V; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cecchi, A; Cibinetto, G; Franchini, P; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Santoro, V; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Dauncey, P D; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Tibbetts, M; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gao, Y Y; Gritsan, A V; Guo, Z J; Lae, C K; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Bequilleux, J; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Lepeltier, V; Le Diberder, F; Lutz, A M; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Serrano, J; Sordini, V; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bingham, I; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; George, K A; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Paramesvaran, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Brown, D N; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; West, T J; Yi, J I; Anderson, J; Chen, C; Jawahery, A; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Tuggle, J M; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Salvati, E; Saremi, S; Cowan, R; Dujmic, D; Fisher, P H; Koeneke, K; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Zhao, M; Zheng, Y; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Honscheid, K; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Morris, J P; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gagliardi, N; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Voci, C; Ben-Haim, E; Briand, H; Calderini, G; Chauveau, J; David, P; Del Buono, L; De La Vaissière, C; Hamon, O; Leruste, P; Malcles, J; Ocariz, J; Pérez, A; Gladney, L; Biasini, M; Covarelli, R; Manoni, E; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Carpinelli, M; Cenci, R; Cervelli, A; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Mazur, M A; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rizzo, G; Walsh, J J; Haire, M; Biesiada, J; Elmer, P; Lau, Y P; Lü, C; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Telnov, A V; Baracchini, E; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; D'Orazio, A; Del Re, D; Di Marco, E; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Jackson, P D; Li Gioi, L; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Piredda, G; Polci, F; Renga, F; Voena, C; Ebert, M; Hartmann, T; Schröder, H; Waldi, R; Adye, T; Castelli, G; Franek, B; Olaiya, E O; Ricciardi, S; Röthel, W; Wilson, F F; Aleksan, R; Emery, S; Escalier, M; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Kozanecki, W; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Chen, X R; Liu, H; Park, W; Purohit, M V; Wilson, J R; Allen, M T; Aston, D; Bartoldus, R; Bechtle, P; Berger, N; Claus, R; Coleman, J P; Convery, M R; Dingfelder, J C; Dorfan, J; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dunwoodie, W; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graham, M T; Grenier, P; Hast, C; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Kaminski, J; Kelsey, M H; Kim, H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Leith, D W G S; Li, S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; MacFarlane, D B; Marsiske, H; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ofte, I; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Pulliam, T; Ratcliff, B N; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Snyder, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Suzuki, K; Swain, S K; Thompson, J M; Vavra, J; Van Bakel, N; Wagner, A P; Weaver, M; Wisniewski, W J; Wittgen, M; Wright, D H; Yarritu, A K; Yi, K; Young, C C; Burchat, P R; Edwards, A J; Majewski, S A; Petersen, B A; Wilden, L; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Bula, R; Ernst, J A; Jain, V; Pan, B; Saeed, M A; Wappler, F R; Zain, S B; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Ritchie, J L; Ruland, A M; Schilling, C J; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Pelliccioni, M; Bomben, M; Bosisio, L; Cartaro, C; Cossutti, F; Della Ricca, G; Lanceri, L; Vitale, L; Azzolini, V; Lopez-March, N; Martínez-Vidal, F; Milanes, D A; Oyanguren, A; Albert, J; Banerjee, Sw; Bhuyan, B; Hamano, K; Kowalewski, R; Nugent, I M; Roney, J M; Sobie, R J; Harrison, P F; Ilic, J; Latham, T E; Mohanty, G B; Pappagallo, M; Band, H R; Chen, X; Dasu, S; Flood, K T; Hollar, J J; Kutter, P E; Pan, Y; Pierini, M; Prepost, R; Wu, S L; Neal, H

    2007-01-01

    We search for decays of a B meson into a neutral D meson and a kaon, with the D meson decaying into K+pi-pi0. This final state can be reached through the b --> c transition B- -> D0K- followed by the doubly Cabibbo-suppressed D0 --> K+pi-pi0, or the b --> u transition B- --> D0bar K- followed by the Cabibbo-favored D0bar --> K+ pi-pi 0. The interference of these two amplitudes is sensitive to the angle gamma of the unitarity triangle. We present preliminary results based on 226 10^{6} e+e- --> Y(4s) --> BBbar events collected with the BABAR detector at SLAC. We find no significant evidence for these decays and we set a limit R_ADS =(BR(B- -->[K+pi-pi0]_D K-)+ BR(B+ --> [K-pi+pi0]_D K+))/(BR(B- -->[K-p i+pi0]_D K-)+ BR(B+ --> [K+pi-pi0]_D K+)) D0bar K-)|/|A(B- --> D0bar K-)| < 0.185 at 95% confidence level.

  10. Mozart k.545 mimics mozart k.448 in reducing epileptiform discharges in epileptic children.

    Lin, Lung-Chang; Lee, Mei-Wen; Wei, Ruey-Chang; Mok, Hin-Kiu; Wu, Hui-Chuan; Tsai, Chin-Lin; Yang, Rei-Cheng

    2012-01-01

    Mozart K.448 has been shown to improve cognitive function, leading to what is known as the Mozart Effect. Our previous work reveals positive effects of Mozart K.448 in reducing epileptiform discharges in epileptic children. In this study, we evaluated the effect of Mozart K.545 and compared the effects with those of Mozart K.448 on epileptiform discharges in children with epilepsy. Thirty-nine epileptic children with epileptiform discharges were included in the study. They received electroencephalogram examinations before, during, and after listening to Mozart K.448 and K.545, one week apart, respectively. The frequencies of epileptiform discharges were compared. There was a significant decrease in the frequency of epileptiform discharges during and right after listening to Mozart K.448 and K.545 (reduced by 35.7 ± 32.7% during Mozart K.448 and 30.3 ± 44.4% after Mozart K.448; and 34.0 ± 39.5% during Mozart K.545 and 31.8 ± 39.2% after Mozart K.545). Spectrogrammatic analysis of the two pieces of music demonstrated that both share similar spectrogrammatic characteristics. Listening to Mozart K.448 and K.545 decreased the epileptiform discharges in epileptic children. This suggests that Mozart K.448 is not the only piece of music to have beneficial effects on children with epilepsy. Other music with lower harmonics may also decrease epileptiform discharges in epileptic children. PMID:23304207

  11. Mozart K.545 Mimics Mozart K.448 in Reducing Epileptiform Discharges in Epileptic Children

    Lung-Chang Lin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Mozart K.448 has been shown to improve cognitive function, leading to what is known as the Mozart Effect. Our previous work reveals positive effects of Mozart K.448 in reducing epileptiform discharges in epileptic children. In this study, we evaluated the effect of Mozart K.545 and compared the effects with those of Mozart K.448 on epileptiform discharges in children with epilepsy. Thirty-nine epileptic children with epileptiform discharges were included in the study. They received electroencephalogram examinations before, during, and after listening to Mozart K.448 and K.545, one week apart, respectively. The frequencies of epileptiform discharges were compared. There was a significant decrease in the frequency of epileptiform discharges during and right after listening to Mozart K.448 and K.545 (reduced by 35.7±32.7% during Mozart K.448 and 30.3±44.4% after Mozart K.448; and 34.0±39.5% during Mozart K.545 and 31.8±39.2% after Mozart K.545. Spectrogrammatic analysis of the two pieces of music demonstrated that both share similar spectrogrammatic characteristics. Listening to Mozart K.448 and K.545 decreased the epileptiform discharges in epileptic children. This suggests that Mozart K.448 is not the only piece of music to have beneficial effects on children with epilepsy. Other music with lower harmonics may also decrease epileptiform discharges in epileptic children.

  12. Radiative widths of K and rho mesons

    The dissociation of K and π mesons in the nuclear Coulomb field has been studied. Results are: GAMMA(rho→πγ) = 67 +- 7 KeV., GAMMA(K*(890)→Kπ) = 60 +- 15 KeV; and the observation of Coulomb excitation of the following states: K*(1420,1700),A2,A1,B. The measured widths are in rough agreement with a simple quark model

  13. Mutations in the K+ channel signature sequence.

    Heginbotham, L; Lu, Z; Abramson, T; MacKinnon, R

    1994-01-01

    Potassium channels share a highly conserved stretch of eight amino acids, a K+ channel signature sequence. The conserved sequence falls within the previously defined P-region of voltage-activated K+ channels. In this study we investigate the effect of mutations in the signature sequence of the Shaker channel on K+ selectivity determined under bi-ionic conditions. Nonconservative substitutions of two threonine residues and the tyrosine residue leave selectivity intact. In contrast, mutations a...

  14. Integrable (2k)-Dimensional Hitchin Equations

    Ward, R S

    2016-01-01

    This letter describes a completely-integrable system of Yang-Mills-Higgs equations which generalizes the Hitchin equations on a Riemann surface to arbitrary k-dimensional complex manifolds. The system arises as a dimensional reduction of a set of integrable Yang-Mills equations in 4k real dimensions. Our integrable system implies other generalizations such as the Simpson equations and the non-abelian Seiberg-Witten equations. Some simple solutions in the k=2 case are described.

  15. A_k singularities of wave fronts

    Saji, Kentaro; UMEHARA, Masaaki; Yamada, Kotaro

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we discuss the recognition problem for A_k-type singularities on wave fronts. We give computable and simple criteria of these singularities, which will play a fundamental role in generalizing the authors' previous work "the geometry of fronts" for surfaces. The crucial point to prove our criteria for A_k-singularities is to introduce a suitable parametrization of the singularities called the "k-th KRSUY-coordinates". Using them, we can directly construct a versal unfolding for ...

  16. An Improved K-means Clustering Algorithm

    Xiuchang Huang; Wei Su

    2014-01-01

    An improved k-means clustering algorithm based on K-MEANS algorithm is proposed. This paper gives an improved traditional algorithm by analyzing the statistical data. After a comparison between the actual data and the simulation data, this paper safely shows that the improved algorithm significantly reduce classification error on the simulation data set and the quality of the improved algorithm is much better than K-MEANS algorithm. Such comparative results confirm that the improved algorithm...

  17. K3-surfaces with special symmetry

    Frantzen, Kristina

    2009-01-01

    In this dissertation classification problems for K3-surfaces with finite group actions are considered. Special emphasis is put on K3-surfaces with antisymplectic involutions and compatible actions of symplectic transformations. Given a finite group $G$ it is investigated if it can act in a compatible fashion on a K3-surfaces $X$ with antisymplectic involution and to what extend the action of $G$ determines the geometry of $X$. If $G$ has large order or rich structure a precise description of ...

  18. Generic strange duality for $K3$ surfaces

    Marian, Alina; Oprea, Dragos

    2013-01-01

    Strange duality is shown to hold over generic $K3$ surfaces in a large number of cases. The isomorphism for elliptic $K3$ surfaces is established first via Fourier–Mukai techniques. Applications to Brill–Noether theory for sheaves on $K3$ surfaces are also obtained. The appendix, written by Kota Yoshioka, discusses the behavior of the moduli spaces under change of polarization, as needed in the argument.

  19. CP - CPT - Violation in K0 - decays

    Recent Measurements of the parameter ε'/ε in experiments at CERN and FNAL are reviewed. The measurement of the phases of η+- and η00 in these experiments give new upper limits on CPT - violation in the K → 2π decay amplitudes and in the mass difference between K0 and K-bar0. First data from CP - LEAR are presented with a short outline of the experiment. Prospects for the future of CP - violation experiments in K - decay are discussed. (author)

  20. K3 projective models in scrolls

    Johnsen, Trygve

    2004-01-01

    The exposition studies projective models of K3 surfaces whose hyperplane sections are non-Clifford general curves. These models are contained in rational normal scrolls. The exposition supplements standard descriptions of models of general K3 surfaces in projective spaces of low dimension, and leads to a classification of K3 surfaces in projective spaces of dimension at most 10. The authors bring further the ideas in Saint-Donat's classical article from 1974, lifting results from canonical curves to K3 surfaces and incorporating much of the Brill-Noether theory of curves and theory of syzygies developed in the mean time.

  1. Holographic kinetic k-essence model

    Cruz, N.; González Díaz, Pedro F.; Rozas Fernández, Alberto; Sánchez, G.

    2008-01-01

    We consider a connection between the holographic dark energy density and the kinetic k-essence energy density in a flat FRW universe. With the choice c ≥ 1, the holographic dark energy can be described by a kinetic k-essence scalar field in a certain way. In this Letter we show this kinetic k-essential description of the holographic dark energy with c ≥ 1 and reconstruct the kinetic k-essence function F (X). © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Projective Dimension in Filtrated K-Theory

    Bentmann, Rasmus Moritz

    2013-01-01

    Under mild assumptions, we characterise modules with projective resolutions of length n∈N in the target category of filtrated K-theory over a finite topological space in terms of two conditions involving certain Tor -groups. We show that the filtrated K-theory of any separable C∗dash-algebra over......-point space, the filtrated K-theory of which has projective dimension 3. Finally, as an application of our investigations, we exhibit Cuntz-Krieger algebras which have projective dimension 2 in filtrated K-theory over their respective primitive spectrum....

  3. PI3K pathway in NSCLC

    EnriquetaFelip

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks are members of a family of intracellular lipid kinases that phosphorylate the 3’-hydroxyl group of phosphatidylinositol and phosphoinositides. PI3K regulate signaling pathways for neoplasia, including cell proliferation, adhesion, survival and motility. Different classes of PI3K have distinct roles in cellular signal transduction. PI3K pathway is activated by several different mechanisms in cancers, including, somatic mutation and gene amplification. In this review, we examine the literature addressing PI3K mutation status and gene amplification, with an emphasis on non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC.

  4. Vitamin K Status in Chronic Kidney Disease

    Rachel M. Holden

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this review is to summarize the research to date on vitamin K status in chronic kidney disease (CKD. This review includes a summary of the data available on vitamin K status in patients across the spectrum of CKD as well as the link between vitamin K deficiency in CKD and bone dynamics, including mineralization and demineralization, as well as ectopic mineralization. It also describes two current clinical trials that are underway evaluating vitamin K treatment in CKD patients. These data may inform future clinical practice in this population.

  5. Sukututkimusohjelmien käytettävyys

    Myllylä, Satu

    2015-01-01

    Sukututkimusohjelmia on markkinoilla paljon ja ne kehittyvät koko ajan, mutta niitä on tutkittu melko vähän. Sukututkimusohjelmat helpottavat tiedon varastointia ja käsittelyä, joten sukututkijan kannattaa ottaa käyttöön jokin sukututkimusohjelma jo sukututkimusta aloittaessaan. Sukututkimusohjelman hyvä käytettävyys on tärkeää, jotta sukututkijalta ei menisi turhaa aikaa vaikeaselkoisen ohjelman käytön oppimiseen tai perustietojen päivitykseen ohjelmalla. Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli...

  6. Hurdles in low k1 mass production

    Yim, Donggyu; Yang, Hyunjo; Park, Chanha; Hong, Jongkyun; Choi, Jaeseung

    2005-05-01

    As the optical lithography pushes toward its theoretical resolution limit 0.25k1, the application of aggressive Resolution Enhancement Techniques (RETs) are required in order to ensure necessary resolution, sufficient process window, and reasonable MEEF in critical layers. When chip makers are adopting RETs in low k1 device, there are a lot of crucial factors to take into account in the development and mass production. Those hurdles are not only difficult to overcome but also highly risky to the company, which adopts low k1 mass production strategy. But, low k1 production strategy is very attractive to all chip makers, owing to improving production capacity and cost of ownership. So, low k1 technology has been investigated by many lithography engineers. Lots of materials have been introduced. Most of them are just in RnD level. In this study, low k1 mass production issues shall be introduced, mainly. The definition of low k1 in mass production shall be suggested. And, a lot of low_k1 issues shall be introduced, also. Most of them were investigated/experienced in RnD development stage and final mass production line. Low k1 mass production, is some what different from only RnD development.

  7. Semi-supervised K-means++

    Yoder, Jordan; Carey E. Priebe

    2016-01-01

    Traditionally, practitioners initialize the {\\tt k-means} algorithm with centers chosen uniformly at random. Randomized initialization with uneven weights ({\\tt k-means++}) has recently been used to improve the performance over this strategy in cost and run-time. We consider the k-means problem with semi-supervised information, where some of the data are pre-labeled, and we seek to label the rest according to the minimum cost solution. By extending the {\\tt k-means++} algorithm and analysis t...

  8. köesteinen oppimistilassa

    Hietaniemi, Sirkka-Liisa

    2015-01-01

    Tiivistelmä Opinnäytetyön aiheena on näköesteinen oppimistilassa. Tavoitteena oli löytää toimiva ja toiminnallinen tilasuunnitelma Onerva Mäen erityiskoulun näköesteisten luokkatilaan. Alkuun tutkitaan aihetta erilaisten aineistojen, kirjallisuuden ja haastattelujen pohjalta. Taustatutkimuksen kautta perehdytään aiheeseen ja näköesteisyyteen. Seuraavaksi etsitään tietoa näkövammaisuudesta, aisteista, oppijan roolista ja oppimisympäristöistä. Teoreettisena viitekehyksenä kulkee ambient de...

  9. NaK handling and removal

    Sodium-potassium alloy is used in specific application in French Fast Breeder Reactors as: cold traps, NaK bubbler for argon purification, valves and also in experimental irradiation devices. lt has been preferred to sodium because it is liquid from + 7 deg. C for the most common peritectic alloy. After its use, NaK is considered as a hazardous waste (nuclear or not) due to its high reactivity with air and water. The most important risk remains in handling NaK systems which have not been operated for some time. The NaK will be covered with a crust of the superoxide K02 which is a strong oxidising agent. Thermodynamically, K02 will react with most organic material or metallic dust or swarfs and can also react with additional NaK to give sufficient heat to boil part of the NaK, resulting in a sudden increase in pressure and small explosions. We describe the formation given to experimenters in our Sodium School and the CEA's experience in treating specific devices for transportation, decanting of tanks, tank opening and NaK removal. (author)

  10. Equivalences of twisted K3 surfaces

    Huybrechts, Daniel; Stellari, Paolo

    2004-01-01

    We prove that two derived equivalent twisted K3 surfaces have isomorphic periods. The converse is shown for K3 surfaces with large Picard number. It is also shown that all possible twisted derived equivalences between arbitrary twisted K3 surfaces form a subgroup of the group of all orthogonal transformations of the cohomology of a K3 surface. The passage from twisted derived equivalences to an action on the cohomology is made possible by twisted Chern characters that will be introduced for a...

  11. Binding numbers of fractional k-deleted graphs

    KOTANI, Keiko

    2010-01-01

    Let k be an integer with $k \\ge 2$. We show that if G be a graph such that $|G| > 4k+1 -4\\sqrt {k-1}$ and $bind(G)> {(2k-1)(n-1) \\over k(n-2)},$ then G is a fractional k-deleted graph. We also show that in the case where k is even, if G be a graph such that $|G| > 4k+1 -4\\sqrt {k}$ and $bind(G)> {(2k-1)(n-1) \\over k(n-2)+1},$ then G is a fractional k-deleted graph.

  12. On Potentially K_5-E_3-graphic Sequences

    Hu, Lili; Lai, Chunhui

    2007-01-01

    Let $K_m-H$ be the graph obtained from $K_m$ by removing the edges set $E(H)$ of $H$ where $H$ is a subgraph of $K_m$. In this paper, we characterize the potentially $K_5-P_3$, $K_5-A_3$, $K_5-K_3$ and $K_5-K_{1,3}$-graphic sequences where $A_3$ is $P_2\\cup K_2$. Moreover, we also characterize the potentially $K_5-2K_2$-graphic sequences where $pK_2$ is the matching consisted of $p$ edges.

  13. Reflection asymmetry in odd-A and odd-odd actinium nuclei

    Theoretical calculations and measurements indicate that octupole correlations are at a maximum in the ground states of the odd-proton nuclei Ac and Pa. It has been expected that odd-odd nuclei should have even larger amount of octupole-octupole correlations. We have recently made measurements on the structure of 224Ac. Although spin and parity assignments could not be made, two bands starting at 354.1 and 360.0 keV have properties characteristic of reflection asymmetric shape. These two bands have very similar rotational constants and also similar alpha decay rates, which suggest similarity between the wavefunctions of these bands. These signatures provide evidence for octupole correlations in these nuclides

  14. Bestimmung der Ionisationsenergie von Actinium und Ultraspurenanalyse von Plutonium mit resonanter Ionisationsmassenspektrometrie (RIMS)

    Waldek, Achim Marcus

    2001-01-01

    ZusammenfassungDie Resonanzionisationsmassenspektrometrie (RIMS) verbindet hohe Elementselektivität mit guter Nachweiseffizienz. Aufgrund dieser Eigenschaften ist die Methode für Ultraspurenanalyse und Untersuchungen an seltenen oder schwer handhabbaren Elementen gut geeignet. Für RIMS werden neutrale Atome mit monochromatischem Laserlicht ein- oder mehrfach resonant auf energetisch hoch liegende Niveaus angeregt und anschließend durch einen weiteren Laserstrahl oder durch ein elektrisches Fe...

  15. Radium-228 analysis of natural waters by Cherenkov counting of Actinium-228

    The activities of 228Ra in natural waters were determined by the Cherenkov counting of the daughter nuclide 228Ac. The radium was pre-concentrated on MnO2 and the radium purified via ion exchange and, after a 2-day period of incubation to allow for secular equilibrium between the parent-daughter 228Ra(228Ac), the daughter nuclide 228Ac was isolated by ion exchange according to the method of Nour et al. [2004. Radium-228 determination of natural waters via concentration on manganese dioxide and separation using Diphonix ion exchange resin. Appl. Radiat. Isot. 61, 1173-1178]. The Cherenkov photons produced by 228Ac were counted directly without the addition of any scintillation reagents. The optimum Cherenkov counting window, sample volume, and vial type were determined experimentally to achieve optimum Cherenkov photon detection efficiency and lowest background count rates. An optimum detection efficiency of 10.9±0.1% was measured for 228Ac by Cherenkov counting with a very low Cherenkov photon background of 0.317±0.013 cpm. The addition of sodium salicylate into the sample counting vial at a concentration of 0.1 g/mL yielded a more than 3-fold increase in the Cherenkov detection efficiency of 228Ac to 38%. Tests of the Cherenkov counting technique were conducted with several water standards of known activity and the results obtained compared closely with a conventional liquid scintillation counting technique. The advantages and disadvantages of Cherenkov counting compared to liquid scintillation counting methods are discussed. Advantages include much lower Cherenkov background count rates and consequently lower minimal detectable activities for 228Ra and no need for expensive environmentally unfriendly liquid scintillation cocktails. The disadvantages of the Cherenkov counting method include the need to measure 228Ac Cherenkov photon detection efficiency and optimum Cherenkov counting volume, which are not at all required when liquid scintillation analysis is used

  16. Actinium: A RESTful Runtime Container for Scriptable Internet of Things Applications

    Kovatsch, Matthias; Lanter, Martin; Duquennoy, Simon

    2012-01-01

    Programming Internet of Things (IoT) applications is challenging because developers have to be knowledgeable in various technical domains, from low-power networking, over embedded operating systems, to distributed algorithms. Hence, it will be challenging to find enough experts to provide software for the vast number of expected devices, which must also be scalable and particularly safe due to the connection to the physical world. To remedy this situation, we propose an architecture that pr...

  17. New method for large scale production of medically applicable Actinium-225 and Radium-223

    Alpha-emitters (211At, 212Bi, 213Bi, 223Ra, 225Ac) are promising for targeted radiotherapy of cancer. Only two alpha decays near a cell membrane result in 50% death of cancer cell and only a single decay inside the cell is required for this. 225Ac may be used either directly or as a mother radionuclide in 213Bi isotope generator. Production of 225Ac is provided by three main suppliers - Institute for Transuranium Elements in Germany, Oak Ridge National Laboratory in USA and Institute of Physics and Power Engineering in Obninsk, Russia. The current worldwide production of 225Ac is approximately 1.7 Ci per year that corresponds to only 100-200 patients that could be treated annually. The common approach for 225Ac production is separation from mother 229Th or irradiation of 226Ra with protons in a cyclotron. Both the methods have some practical limitations to be applied routinely. 225Ac can be also produced by irradiation of natural thorium with medium energy protons . Cumulative cross sections of 225Ac, 227Ac, 227Th, 228Th formations have been obtained recently. Thorium targets (1-9 g) were irradiated by 114-91 MeV proton beam (1-50 μA) at INR linear accelerator. After dissolution in 8 M HNO3 + 0.004 M HF thorium was removed by double LLX by HDEHP in toluene (1:1). Ac and REE were pre-concentrated and separated from Ra and most fission products by DGA-Resin (Triskem). After washing out by 0.01 M HNO3 Ac was separated from REE by TRU Resin (Triskem) in 3 M HNO3 media. About 6 mCi 225Ac were separated in hot cell with chemical yield 85%. The method may be upscaled for production of Ci amounts of the radionuclide. The main impurity is 227Ac (0.1% at the EOB) but it does not hinder 225Ac from being used for medical 225Ac/213Bi generators. (author)

  18. Synthesis of chelating agents for actinium 225 complexation and its application in radioimmunotherapy

    Immunotherapy with radiolabeled antibodies should allow fairly specific targeting of certain cancers. However, iodine 131 may not be the best isotope for tumor therapy because of its limited specific activity, low beta-energy, relatively long half life and strong gamma emission. Another approach to improve therapeutic efficacy is the use of replacement isotopes with better physical properties. Chelator that can hold radio-metals with high stability under physiological conditions are essential to avoid excessive damage to non-target cells; Moreover, the development of new bifunctional chelating agents is essential for this purpose. Accordingly, our efforts have been directed, for several years, to the synthesis of original chelating agents likely to form stable complexes in vivo with the numerous potential candidates for such applications. Therefore, we have developed a new simple and efficient synthesis pathway of 2-(4-iso-thio-cyanate-benzyl)-1,4,7,10,13,16- hexa-aza-cyclo-hexadecane- 1,4,7,10,13,16-hexa-acetic acid, though functionalized on the cycle by a termination allowed coupling to an antibody or any other biological substance such as a hapten. (author)

  19. Study of the decay mode D^0 -> K-K+pi-pi+

    Link, J; Anjos, J C; Bediaga, I; Göbel, C; Machado, A A; Magnin, J; Massafferri, A; De Miranda, J M; Pepe, I M; Polycarpo, E; Dos Reis, A C; Carrillo, S; Casimiro, E; Cuautle, E; Sánchez-Hernández, A; Uribe, C; Vázquez, F; Agostino, L; Cinquini, L; Cumalat, J P; O'Reilly, B; Segoni, I; Stenson, K; Butler, J N; Cheung, H W K; Chiodini, G; Gaines, I; Garbincius, P H; Garren, L A; Gottschalk, E; Kasper, P H; Kreymer, A E; Kutschke, R; Wang, M; Benussi, L; Bertani, M; Bianco, S; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Zallo, A; Reyes, M; Cawlfield, C; Kim, D Y; Rahimi, A; Wiss, J; Gardner, R; Kryemadhi, A; Chung, Y S; Kang, J S; Ko, B R; Kwak, J W; Lee, K B; Cho, K; Park, H; Alimonti, G; Barberis, S; Boschini, M; Cerutti, A; D'Angelo, P; Di Corato, M; Dini, P; Edera, L; Erba, S; Inzani, P; Leveraro, F; Malvezzi, S; Menasce, D; Mezzadri, M; Moroni, L; Pedrini, D; Pontoglio, C; Prelz, F; Rovere, M; Sala, S; Davenport, T F; Arena, V; Boca, G; Bonomi, G; Gianini, G; Liguori, G; Lopes-Pegna, D; Merlo, M M; Pantea, D; Ratti, S P; Riccardi, C; Vitulo, P; Hernández, H; López, A M; Méndez, H; Paris, A; Quinones, J; Ramírez, J E; Zhang, Y; Wilson, J R; Handler, T; Mitchell, R; Engh, D; Hosack, M; Johns, W E; Luiggi, E; Moore, J E; Nehring, M; Sheldon, P D; Vaandering, E W; Webster, M; Sheaff, M

    2004-01-01

    Using data from the FOCUS (E831) experiment at Fermilab, we present a new measurement of the branching ratio for the Cabibbo-favored decay mode $D^0 \\to K^-K^+\\pi^-\\pi^+$. From a sample of $2669 \\pm 101$ fully reconstructed $D^0 \\to K^-K^+\\pi^-\\pi^+$ events, we measure $\\Gamma(D^0 \\to K^-K^+\\pi^-\\pi^+)/\\Gamma(D^0 \\to K^-\\pi^-\\pi^+\\pi^+) = 0.0295 \\pm 0.0011(stat.) \\pm 0.0008(syst.)$. A coherent amplitude analysis has been performed to determine the resonant substructure of this decay mode. This analysis reveals a dominant contribution from $D^0 \\to K_1^+ K-$ modes.

  20. Vitamin K status in healthy volunteers.

    Theuwissen, E; Magdeleyns, E J; Braam, L A J L M; Teunissen, K J; Knapen, M H; Binnekamp, I A G; van Summeren, M J H; Vermeer, C

    2014-02-01

    Vitamin K's recommended dietary allowance (RDA) is based on the hepatic requirement for clotting factor synthesis, but substantial concentrations of undercarboxylated extra-hepatic Gla-proteins are found in the circulation of non-supplemented individuals. This suggests that vitamin K intake above the RDA is required for an optimal extra-hepatic vitamin K status. Circulating uncarboxylated osteocalcin (ucOC) and desphospho-uncarboxylated matrix Gla-protein (dp-ucMGP) are considered markers of the vitamin K status in bone and the vasculature, respectively. We measured these markers in 896 samples of healthy volunteers and defined target groups for vitamin K supplementation based on increased levels indicative of tissue-specific vitamin K deficiency. We studied the response to vitamin K supplements at different states of vitamin K deficiency by measuring the circulating dp-ucMGP level in samples from two short-term trials on menaquinone-7 (MK-7, vitamin K2) supplementation in 42 children and 68 adults. Children had high ucOC levels (3.4-96.9 ng ml(-1)); other age groups had values in the range of 1.5-5.0 ng ml(-1). From the age of 40 years, dp-ucMGP levels gradually increased. Children and adults with more pronounced vitamin K deficiency gave the highest responses to MK-7 supplementation. Children and adults above 40 years showed the largest tissue-specific vitamin deficiency and accordingly may benefit from MK-7 supplementation to improve their extra-hepatic vitamin K status. PMID:24296867

  1. PERIODIC-ORBITS IN K-SYMMETRICAL DYNAMICAL-SYSTEMS

    BRANDS, H; LAMB, JSW; HOVEIJN, [No Value

    1995-01-01

    A map L is called k-symmetric if its kth iterate L(k) possesses more symmetry than L, for some value of k. In k-symmetric systems, there exists a notion of k-symmetric orbits. This paper deals with k-symmetric periodic orbits. We derive a relation between orbits that are k-symmetric with respect to

  2. Ionic interactions of Ba2+ blockades in the MthK K+ channel

    GUO Rui; Zeng, Weizhong; Cui, Hengjun; Chen, Liping; Ye, Sheng

    2014-01-01

    The movement and interaction of multiple ions passing through in single file underlie various fundamental K+ channel properties, from the effective conduction of K+ ions to channel blockade by Ba2+ ions. In this study, we used single-channel electrophysiology and x-ray crystallography to probe the interactions of Ba2+ with permeant ions within the ion conduction pathway of the MthK K+ channel. We found that, as typical of K+ channels, the MthK channel was blocked by Ba2+ at the internal side,...

  3. Depth profiles of potassium and its isotope ratio (40K/K) in several forest soils

    Depth profiles potassium and its isotope ratio (40K/K)were investigated in several forest soils from different geological and climatic backgrounds. The ratio was found not to be constant (0.0117%) but varied appreciably from 0.0085% to 0.0167% among different soils. Possible factors affecting variability of 40K/K values were considered by a multivariate factor analysis which suggested that aqueous parameters like humidity and pH might be a controlling factor in the surface soils. The amount (and probably chemical forms) of iron oxide may be another one influencing 40K/K values in mineral components at deeper portions. (author)

  4. Constraints of unparticle physics parameters from K0-K-bar0 mixing

    The neutral kaon meson mixing plays an important role in the test of the Standard Model (SM) and new physics beyond it. Scale invariant unparticle physics induces a flavor changing neutral current (FCNC) transition of K0-K-bar0 oscillation at the tree level. In this study, we investigate the scale invariant unparticle physics effects on the K0-K-bar0 mixing. Based on the current experimental data, we give constraints of K0-K-bar0 mixing on the unparticle parameters. (authors)

  5. Quaternionic K\\"ahler metrics associated with special K\\"ahler manifolds

    Alekseevsky, Dmitri V; Dyckmanns, Malte; Mohaupt, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    We give an explicit formula for the quaternionic K\\"ahler metrics obtained by the HK/QK correspondence. As an application, we give a new proof of the fact that the Ferrara-Sabharwal metric as well as its one-loop deformation is quaternionic K\\"ahler. A similar explicit formula is given for the analogous (K/K) correspondence between K\\"ahler manifolds endowed with a Hamiltonian Killing vector field. As an example, we apply this formula in the case of an arbitrary conical K\\"ahler manifold.

  6. Fast K System Generators of Pseudorandom Numbers

    Akopov, N Z; Nersessian, A B; Savvidy, G K; Greiner, W

    1993-01-01

    We suggest fast algorithm for the matrix generator of pseudorandom numbers based on Kolmogorov-Anosov K systems which has been earliar proposed in \\cite{savvidy1,akopov1}. This algorithm reduces $N^{2}$ operation of the matrix generator to $NlnN$ and essentially reduces the generation time. It also clarifies the algebraic structure of this type of K system generators.

  7. Rare and medium rare K decays

    The filed of rare K decays is reviewed, with emphasis on the contribution of the currently ending round of K+ and KL0 experiments. The review begins and ends with some reflections, of uncertain value, about the nature of the field. (author)

  8. Vitamin K and Health in the Aged

    Poor vitamin K nutrition has been linked to several chronic diseases associated with abnormal calcification, which affect many elderly. On the whole, elderly persons consume more vitamin K than young adults, although there are subgroups of the elderly population who do not meet the current recommend...

  9. Actualité sur la vitamine K

    Guillaumont Marc

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available The difficulty of quantifying vitamin K levels and determining the number of active molecules long impeded in investigations into the metabolism and physiological function of vitamin K. In the last ten years, since gamma carboxylation was first demonstrated, studies have essentially focused on: – vitamin K sources and requirements: the composition of foods and requirements with respect to molecules with vitamin K activity are beginning to be known; – vitamin K and bone: the role of osteocalcin in bone mineralization and its association with vitamin K have been studied, particularly in elderly subjects; – hemorrhagic disease of the newborn: after a number of controversies, it is now generally accepted that prophylactic treatment of all newborns should be systematic, and repeated for breast-fed infants. Vitamin K should be administerted orally except in cases of malabsorption. However, a number of essential questions remain unanswered, such as the precise role played by certain carboxyproteins (bone carboxyprotein or Gas6 and, in particular, the choice of markers for the accurate evaluation of vitamin K status in humans.

  10. 7 CFR 29.1079 - Variegated (K).

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Variegated (K). 29.1079 Section 29.1079 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Type 92) § 29.1079 Variegated (K). Any tobacco that does not blend with the normal colors of the...

  11. 7 CFR 29.3076 - Variegated (K).

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Variegated (K). 29.3076 Section 29.3076 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Variegated (K). Any leaf of which 20 percent or more of its surface is yellow, grayish, mottled, or...

  12. Eesti köitekunst Oxfordis

    2009-01-01

    Köitekunstinäitus "Bound for Success" Oxfordi ülikooli Bodleiani raamatukogus 12. juunist 1. augustini. Näituse korraldas koostöös raamatukoguga köitekunstnike ühendus Designer Bookbinders. Näitusele valitud 117 tööst kümme (autorid loetletud) on Eestist

  13. Planteudtræk virksomt mod skurv

    Nielsen, Bea; Hockenhull, John Rodney; Bengtsson, Marianne Vibeke

    2006-01-01

    En lovende kombination af planteudtræk virker bedre mod svampesygdommen æbleskurv end sprøjtesvovl Udgivelsesdato: 25. august......En lovende kombination af planteudtræk virker bedre mod svampesygdommen æbleskurv end sprøjtesvovl Udgivelsesdato: 25. august...

  14. Festol külas / Taivo Paju

    Paju, Taivo, 1968-

    2007-01-01

    Stuttgardis peetakse Euroopa suurim kooste- ja tootekäsitsemise mess MOTEK. Sel puhul kutsus maailma üks suurimaid pneumaatikaseadmete tootjaid Festo külla ajakirjanikud kogu maailmast. Sel aastal käis Festo uusi tooteid vaatamas ka ajakiri Inseneeria

  15. B_K from improved staggered quarks

    Gamiz, E.; Collins, S.; Davies, C. T. H.; Shigemitsu, J.; Wingate, M

    2004-01-01

    We compare calculations of B_K with improved staggered quarks (HYP, Asqtad) and demonstrate the improved scaling behaviour that this gives rise to over previous calculations with unimproved staggered quarks. This enables us to perform the calculation of B_K on the MILC dynamical configurations (n_f=2+1), for which we give preliminary results.

  16. Study of B-> phi phi K Decays

    Shen, Y T; Chang, P; Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Arinstein, K; Aushev, T; Bakich, A M; Balagura, V; Belous, K S; Bitenc, U; Bondar, A; Bozek, A; Brako, M; Browder, T E; Chao, cY; Chen, A; Chen, W T; Cheon, B G; Chistov, R; Choi, Y; Dalseno, J; Dash, M; Drutskoy, A; Eidelman, S; Gabyshev, N; Golob, B; Hayasaka, K; Hazumi, M; Heffernan, D; Hoshi, Y; Hou, W S; Hyun, H J; Iijima, T; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Ishino, H; Iwasaki, M; Iwasaki, Y; Kang, J H; Katayama, N; Kawai, H; Kim, H J; Kim, S K; Kim, Y J; Krian, P; Krokovny, zP; Kumar, R; Kuo, C C; Kwon, Y J; Lee, J; Lee, S E; Lesiak, T; Lin, S W; Liu, Y; Liventsev, D; Mandl, F; McOnie, S; Medvedeva, T; Mitaroff, W A; Miyabayashi, K; Miyake, H; Miyata, H; Moloney, G R; Nakao, M; Natkaniec, Z; Nishida, S; Nitoh, O; Ohshima, T; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Ostrowicz, W; Ozaki, H; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Park, H; Park, K S; Pestotnik, R; Piilonen, L E; Sasao, N; Schneider, O; Senyo, K; Sevior, M E; Shapkin, M; Shibuya, H; Shiu, J G; Somov, A; Stani, S; Stari, M; Sumisawa, K; Sumiyoshi, T; Takasaki, F; Tamai, ccK; Tamura, N; Tanaka, M; Teramoto, Y; Tsuboyama, T; Uehara, S; Uglov, T; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Urquijo, P; Varner, G; Varvell, K E; Vervink, K; Villa, S; Wang, C C; Wang, C H; Wang, M Z; Wang, P; Watanabe, M; Watanabe, Y; Wicht, J; Won, E; Yamashita, Y; Yamauchi, M; Yuan, C Z; Yusa, Y; Zhang, C C; Zhang, Z P; Zhilich, V; Zupanc, A

    2008-01-01

    We report an observation of the decay B^\\pm -> \\phi \\phi K^\\pm and evidence for B^0 -> \\phi \\phi K^0. These results are based on a 414 fb^{-1} data sample collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy e^+e^- collider operating at the \\Upsilon(4S) resonance. The branching fractions for these decay modes are measured to be Br(B^{\\pm} -> \\phi \\phi K^\\pm) = (3.2^{+0.6}_{-0.5} +- 0.3) * 10^{-6} and Br(B^{0} \\to \\phi \\phi K^{0}) = (2.3^{+1.0}_{-0.7} +- 0.2) * 10^{-6} for \\phi \\phi invariant mass below 2.85 GeV/c^2. The corresponding partial rate asymmetry for the charged B mode is measured to be A_{CP}(B^\\pm -> \\phi \\phi K^\\pm) = 0.01^{+0.19}_{-0.16} +- 0.02. We also study the decays B^\\pm -> J/\\psi K^\\pm and B^\\pm -> \\eta_c K^\\pm, where the J/\\psi and \\eta_c decay to final states with four charged kaons. We find A_{CP}(B^\\pm -> \\phi \\phi K^\\pm) with the \\phi\\phi candidates within the \\eta_c mass region is 0.15^{+0.16}_{-0.17} +- 0.02, consistent with no asymmetry.

  17. The K-Spectrum of Ionospheric Irregularities

    D'Angelo, N.; Pécseli, Hans; Petersen, P. I.

    1975-01-01

    Laboratory measurements in a cesium plasma device indicate that the wave number (power) spectrum of irregularities produced by the Farley instability is of the type P(K) ∝ K −β, where β ≃ 3.5-3.8....

  18. Algebraic K-theory and algebraic topology

    This contribution treats the various topological constructions of Algebraic K-theory together with the underlying homotopy theory. Topics covered include the plus construction together with its various ramifications and applications, Topological Hochschild and Cyclic Homology as well as K-theory of the ring of integers

  19. Neutron Activation Analysis with k0 Standardization

    SCK-CEN's programme on Neutron Activation Analysis with k0-standardisation aims to: (1) develop and implement k0-standardisation method for NAA; (2) to exploit the inherent qualities of NAA such as accuracy, traceability, and multi-element capability; (3) to acquire technical spin-off for nuclear measurements services. Main achievements in 1997 are reported

  20. Topological cross-sections and inclusive π-, K0/anti K0 and Λ production in K+p interactions at 70 GeV/c

    K+p interactions at 70 GeV/c were studied using the CERN BEBC Bubble chamber. The preliminary results of the K+p topological cross sections and the moments of the multiplicity distributions are reported. Total inclusive cross sections are presented for the K+p→π- + X, K+p→K0/antiK0 + X, K+p→Λ + X, K+p→antiΛ + X, K+p→K890*++X processes. Energy dependences of effective cross sections are shown. (Z.J.)

  1. OCD metrology by floating n/k

    Yu, Shinn-Sheng; Huang, Jacky; Ke, Chih-Ming; Gau, Tsai-Sheng; Lin, Burn J.; Yen, Anthony; Lane, Lawrence; Vuong, Vi; Chen, Yan

    2007-03-01

    In this paper, one of the major contributions to the OCD metrology error, resulting from within-wafer variation of the refractive index/extinction coefficient (n/k) of the substrate, is identified and quantified. To meet the required metrology accuracy for the 65-nm node and beyond, it is suggested that n/k should be floating when performing the regression for OCD modeling. A feasible way of performing such regression is proposed and verified. As shown in the presented example, the measured CDU (3σ) with n/k fixed and n/k floating is 1.94 nm and 1.42 nm, respectively. That is, the metrology error of CDU committed by assuming n/k fixed is more than 35% of the total CDU.

  2. 5-kW arcjet power electronics

    Gruber, R. P.; Gott, R. W.; Haag, T. W.

    1989-01-01

    The initial design and evaluation of a 5 kW arcjet power electronics breadboard which as been integrated with a modified 1 kW design laboratory arcjet is presented. A single stage, 5 kW full bridge, pulse width modulated (PWM), power converter was developed which was phase shift regulated. The converter used metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) power switches and incorporated current mode control and an integral arcjet pulse ignition circuit. The unoptimized power efficiency was 93.5 and 93.9 percent at 5 kW and 50A output at input voltages of 130 and 150V, respectively. Line and load current regulation at 50A output was within one percent. The converter provided up to 6.6 kW to the arcjet with simulated ammonia used as a propellant.

  3. From k-SAT to k-CSP: Two Generalized Algorithms

    Li, Liang; Liu, Tian; Xu, Ke

    2008-01-01

    Constraint satisfaction problems (CSPs) models many important intractable NP-hard problems such as propositional satisfiability problem (SAT). Algorithms with non-trivial upper bounds on running time for restricted SAT with bounded clause length k (k-SAT) can be classified into three styles: DPLL-like, PPSZ-like and Local Search, with local search algorithms having already been generalized to CSP with bounded constraint arity k (k-CSP). We generalize a DPLL-like algorithm in its simplest form and a PPSZ-like algorithm from k-SAT to k-CSP. As far as we know, this is the first attempt to use PPSZ-like strategy to solve k-CSP, and before little work has been focused on the DPLL-like or PPSZ-like strategies for k-CSP.

  4. Measurement of the branching fraction for $\\psi(3686)\\to\\omega K^+ K^-$

    Ablikim, M; Ai, X C; Albayrak, O; Albrecht, M; Ambrose, D J; An, F F; An, Q; Bai, J Z; Ferroli, R Baldini; Ban, Y; Bennett, D W; Bennett, J V; Bertani, M; Bian, J M; Boger, E; Bondarenko, O; Boyko, I; Braun, S; Briere, R A; Cai, H; Cai, X; Cakir, O; Calcaterra, A; Cao, G F; Cetin, S A; Chang, J F; Chelkov, G; Chen, G; Chen, H S; Chen, J C; Chen, M L; Chen, S J; Chen, X; Chen, X R; Chen, Y B; Cheng, H P; Chu, X K; Chu, Y P; Cronin-Hennessy, D; Dai, H L; Dai, J P; Dedovich, D; Deng, Z Y; Denig, A; Denysenko, I; Destefanis, M; Ding, W M; Ding, Y; Dong, C; Dong, J; Dong, L Y; Dong, M Y; Du, S X; Fan, J Z; Fang, J; Fang, S S; Fang, Y; Fava, L; Feng, C Q; Fu, C D; Fuks, O; Gao, Q; Gao, Y; Geng, C; Goetzen, K; Gong, W X; Gradl, W; Greco, M; Gu, M H; Gu, Y T; Guan, Y H; Guo, L B; Guo, T; Guo, Y P; Haddadi, Z; Han, S; Han, Y L; Harris, F A; He, K L; He, M; He, Z Y; Held, T; Heng, Y K; Hou, Z L; Hu, C; Hu, H M; Hu, J F; Hu, T; Huang, G M; Huang, G S; Huang, H P; Huang, J S; Huang, L; Huang, X T; Huang, Y; Hussain, T; Ji, C S; Ji, Q; Ji, Q P; Ji, X B; Ji, X L; Jiang, L L; Jiang, L W; Jiang, X S; Jiao, J B; Jiao, Z; Jin, D P; Jin, S; Johansson, T; Julin, A; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N; Kang, X L; Kang, X S; Kavatsyuk, M; Kloss, B; Kopf, B; Kornicer, M; Kuehn, W; Kupsc, A; Lai, W; Lange, J S; Lara, M; Larin, P; Leyhe, M; Li, C H; Li, Cheng; Li, Cui; Li, D; Li, D M; Li, F; Li, G; Li, H B; Li, J C; Li, Jin; Li, K; Li, P R; Li, Q J; Li, T; Li, W D; Li, W G; Li, X L; Li, X N; Li, X Q; Li, Z B; Liang, H; Liang, Y F; Liang, Y T; Lin, D X; Liu, B J; Liu, C L; Liu, C X; Liu, F H; Liu, Fang; Liu, Feng; Liu, H B; Liu, H H; Liu, H M; Liu, J; Liu, J P; Liu, K; Liu, K Y; Liu, P L; Liu, Q; Liu, S B; Liu, X; Liu, Y B; Liu, Z A; Liu, Zhiqiang; Liu, Zhiqing; Loehner, H; Lou, X C; Lu, G R; Lu, H J; Lu, H L; Lu, J G; Lu, Y; Lu, Y P; Luo, C L; Luo, M X; Luo, T; Luo, X L; Lv, M; Lyu, X R; Ma, F C; Ma, H L; Ma, Q M; Ma, S; Ma, T; Ma, X Y; Maas, F E; Maggiora, M; Malik, Q A; Mao, Y J; Mao, Z P; Messchendorp, J G; Min, J; Min, T J; Mitchell, R E; Mo, X H; Mo, Y J; Moeini, H; Morales, C Morales; Moriya, K; Muchnoi, N Yu; Muramatsu, H; Nefedov, Y; Nerling, F; Nikolaev, I B; Ning, Z; Nisar, S; Niu, X Y; Olsen, S L; Ouyang, Q; Pacetti, S; Pelizaeus, M; Peng, H P; Peters, K; Ping, J L; Ping, R G; Poling, R; Qi, M; Qian, S; Qiao, C F; Qin, L Q; Qin, N; Qin, X S; Qin, Y; Qin, Z H; Qiu, J F; Rashid, K H; Redmer, C F; Ripka, M; Rong, G; Ruan, X D; Sarantsev, A; Schoenning, K; Schumann, S; Shan, W; Shao, M; Shen, C P; Shen, X Y; Sheng, H Y; Shepherd, M R; Song, W M; Song, X Y; Spataro, S; Spruck, B; Sun, G X; Sun, J F; Sun, S S; Sun, Y J; Sun, Y Z; Sun, Z J; Sun, Z T; Tang, C J; Tang, X; Tapan, I; Thorndike, E H; Tiemens, M; Toth, D; Ullrich, M; Uman, I; Varner, G S; Wang, B; Wang, D; Wang, D Y; Wang, K; Wang, L L; Wang, L S; Wang, M; Wang, P; Wang, P L; Wang, Q J; Wang, S G; Wang, W; Wang, X F; Wang, Y D; Wang, Y F; Wang, Y Q; Wang, Z; Wang, Z G; Wang, Z H; Wang, Z Y; Wei, D H; Wei, J B; Weidenkaff, P; Wen, S P; Werner, M; Wiedner, U; Wolke, M; Wu, L H; Wu, N; Wu, Z; Xia, L G; Xia, Y; Xiao, D; Xiao, Z J; Xie, Y G; Xiu, Q L; Xu, G F; Xu, L; Xu, Q J; Xu, Q N; Xu, X P; Xue, Z; Yan, L; Yan, W B; Yan, W C; Yan, Y H; Yang, H X; Yang, L; Yang, Y; Yang, Y X; Ye, H; Ye, M; Ye, M H; Yu, B X; Yu, C X; Yu, H W; Yu, J S; Yu, S P; Yuan, C Z; Yuan, W L; Yuan, Y; Yuncu, A; Zafar, A A; Zallo, A; Zang, S L; Zeng, Y; Zhang, B X; Zhang, B Y; Zhang, C; Zhang, C B; Zhang, C C; Zhang, D H; Zhang, H H; Zhang, H Y; Zhang, J J; Zhang, J Q; Zhang, J W; Zhang, J Y; Zhang, J Z; Zhang, S H; Zhang, X J; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Y H; Zhang, Z H; Zhang, Z P; Zhang, Z Y; Zhao, G; Zhao, J W; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M G; Zhao, Q; Zhao, Q W; Zhao, S J; Zhao, T C; Zhao, X H; Zhao, Y B; Zhao, Z G; Zhemchugov, A; Zheng, B; Zheng, J P; Zheng, Y H; Zhong, B; Zhou, L; Zhou, Li; Zhou, X; Zhou, X K; Zhou, X R; Zhou, X Y; Zhu, K; Zhu, K J; Zhu, X L; Zhu, Y C; Zhu, Y S; Zhu, Z A; Zhuang, J; Zou, B S; Zou, J H

    2014-01-01

    With $1.06\\times 10^8$ $\\psi(3686)$ events collected with the BESIII detector, the branching fraction of $\\psi(3686) \\to \\omega K^+ K^-$ is measured to be $(1.54 \\pm 0.04 \\pm 0.11) \\times 10^{-4}$. This is the most precise result to date, due to the largest $\\psi(3686)$ sample, improved signal reconstruction efficiency, good simulation of the detector performance, and a more accurate knowledge of the continuum contribution. Using the branching fraction of $J/\\psi \\to \\omega K^+ K^-$, the ratio $\\mathcal{B}(\\psi(3868) \\to K^+K^-) / \\mathcal{B}(J/\\psi \\to K^+K^-)$ is determined to be $(18.4 \\pm 3.7)\\,\\%$. This constitutes a significantly improved test of the $12\\,\\%$ rule, with the uncertainty now dominated by the $J/\\psi$ branching fraction.

  5. Study of the decays D0→K bar K, π bar π

    Using the CLEO detector we have observed the Cabibbo-suppressed decays D0→K0 bar K0, K+K-, and π+π-. We determine B(D0→K0 bar K0)= (0.13+0.07-0.05+0.02-0.02)%. Our measurement B(D0→K+K-)/B(D0→π+π-)=2.35±0.37±0.28 represents asubstantial improvement over previous results. We find no evidence for the decay D0→π0π0, and place a 90%-confidence-level upper limit of B(D0→π0π0)<0.46%

  6. K Basins isolation barriers summary report

    Strickland, G.C., Westinghouse Hanford

    1996-07-31

    The 105-K East and 105-K West fuel storage basins (105-K Basins) were designed and constructed in the early 1950`s for interim storage of irradiated fuel following its discharge from the reactors. The 105-K- East and 105-K West reactor buildings were constructed first, and the associated storage basins were added about a year later. The construction joint between each reactor building structure and the basin structure included a flexible membrane waterstop to prevent leakage. Water in the storage basins provided both radiation shielding and cooling to remove decay heat from stored fuel until its transfer to the Plutonium Uranium Extraction (PUREX) Facility for chemical processing. The 105-K West Reactor was permanently shut down in February 1970; the 105-K East Reactor was permanently shut down in February 1971. Except for a few loose pieces, fuel stored in the basins at that time was shipped to the PUREX Facility for processing. The basins were then left idle but were kept filled with water. The PUREX Facility was shut down and placed on wet standby in 1972 while N Reactor continued to operate. When the N Reactor fuel storage basin began to approach storage capacity, the decision was made to modify the fuel storage basins at 105-K East and 105-K West to provide additional storage capacity. Both basins were subsequently modified (105-K East in 1975 and 105-K West in 1981) to provide for the interim handling and storage of irradiated N Reactor fuel. The PUREX Facility was restarted in November 1983 to provide 1698 additional weapons-grade plutonium for the United States defense mission. The facility was shut down and deactivated in December 1992 when the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) determined that the plant was no longer needed to support weapons-grade plutonium production. When the PUREX Facility was shut down, approximately 2.1 x 1 06 kg (2,100 metric tons) of irradiated fuel aged 7 to 23 years was left in storage in the 105-K Basins pending a decision on

  7. Structures of the f0(980), a0(980) mesons and the strong coupling constants gf0K+K-, ga0K+K- with light-cone QCD sum rules

    Making the assumption of explicit isospin violation arising from f0(980)-a0(980) mixing, we take the point of view that the scalar mesons f0(980) and a0(980) have both strange and non-strange quark-antiquark components and evaluate the strong coupling constants gf0K+K- and ga0K+K- within the framework of the light-cone QCD sum rules approach. The large strong scalar-KK couplings through both the n anti n and s anti s components g antinnf0K+K-, g antissf0K+K-, g antinna0K+K- and g antissa0K+K- will support the hadronic dressing mechanism; furthermore, in spite of the constituent structure differences between the f0(980) and a0(980) mesons, the strange components have larger strong coupling constants with the K+K- state than the corresponding non-strange ones, gf0K+K-antiss∼√(2)gf0K+K-antinn and ga0K+K-antiss∼√(2)ga0K+K-antinn. From the existing controversial values, we cannot reach a general consensus on the strong coupling constants gf0K+K-, ga0K+K- and the mixing angles. (orig.)

  8. Weak Ore Extension and Structure of Weak Hopf Algebras of Quntum Groups Uq(f( K, (K) ) )%量子群Uq(f(K,(K)))的弱Ore扩张及其弱Hopf代数结构

    孙秋媚; 李蒙; 高改良

    2012-01-01

    An algebra U,(/(K ,K)) is constructed.it is an associative algebra generated by quadruple E, F,K,K satisfying some relations.By discussing the basic properties it is proved that Uq{f(K,-K)) is weak Ore extension of Noetherian ring k[K,K],so [Uq(f(K, -K)) is a Noetherian ring. Furthermore the necessary and sucient conditions of Uq(f(K,-K)) which have a structure of weak Hopf algebra under the denotation of weak Hopf algebra is given.%构造了一个新代数结构Uq(f(K,(K))),由满足一定关系的元E,F,K,(K)生成的结合代数,通过对其上的结构以及基本性质的讨论证明了Uq(f(K,(K)))是诺特环k[K,(K)]的弱Ore扩张,从而证明了Uq(f(K,(K)))是诺特环,并且进一步在弱Hopf代数意义下给出了Uq(f(K,(K)))具有弱Hopf代数结构的充要条件.

  9. Quantum Mechanics and locality in the K0 K-bar0 system experimental verification possibilities

    It is shown that elementary Quantum Mechanics, applied to the K0 K-bar0 system, predicts peculiar long range EPR correlations. Possible experimental verifications are discussed, and a concrete experiment with anti-protons annihilations at rest is proposed. A pedestrian approach to local models shows that K0 K-bar0 experimentation could provide arguments to the local realism versus quantum theory controversy. (author). 17 refs., 23 figs

  10. K2fov: Field of view software for NASA's K2 mission

    Mullally, Fergal; Barclay, Thomas; Barentsen, Geert

    2016-01-01

    K2fov allows users to transform celestial coordinates into K2's pixel coordinate system for the purpose of preparing target proposals and field of view visualizations. In particular, the package, written in Python, adds the "K2onSilicon" and "K2findCampaigns" tools to the command line, allowing the visibility of targets to be checked in a user-friendly way.

  11. Barium inhibition of the collapse of the Shaker K(+) conductance in zero K(+).

    Gómez-Lagunas, F

    1999-01-01

    In the absence of K(+) on both sides of the membrane, delivery of standard activating pulses collapses the Shaker B K(+) conductance. Prolonged depolarizations restore the ability to conduct K(+). It has been proposed that the collapse of the conductance results from the dwelling of the channels in a stable closed (noninactivated) state (, J. Physiol. (Lond.). 499:3-15). Here it is shown that 1) Ba(2+) impedes the collapse of the K(+) conductance, protecting it from both sides of the membrane...

  12. Near Muon Range Detector for the K2K Experiment -Construction and Performance-

    K2K MRD Group; Ishii, T.; Inagaki, T.; Breault, J.; Chikamatsu, T.; Choi, J. H.; Hasegawa, T.; Hayato, Y.; Ishida, T; Jang, H. I.; Jang, J. S.; Jeong, E. M.; Kato, I.; Kibayashi, A.; Kim, B. J.

    2001-01-01

    A muon range detector (MRD) has been constructed as a near detector for the KEK-to-Kamioka long-baseline neutrino experiment (K2K). It monitors the neutrino beam properties at the near site by measuring the energy, angle and production point of muons produced by charged-current neutrino interaction. The detector has been working stably since the start of the K2K experiment.

  13. Elementary deformations and the hyperK\\"ahler-quaternionic K\\"ahler correspondence

    Macia, Oscar

    2014-01-01

    The hyperK\\"ahler-quaternionic K\\"ahler correspondence constructs quaternionic K\\"ahler metrics from hyperK\\"ahler metrics with a rotating circle symmetry. We discuss how this may be interpreted as a combination of the twist construction with the concept of elementary deformation, surveying results of our forthcoming paper. We outline how this leads to a uniqueness statement for the above correspondence and indicate how basic examples of c-map constructions may be realised in this context.

  14. Completeness of projective special K\\"ahler and quaternionic K\\"ahler manifolds

    Cortés, Vicente; Suhr, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    We prove that every projective special K\\"ahler manifold with \\emph{regular boundary behaviour} is complete and defines a family of complete quaternionic K\\"ahler manifolds depending on a parameter $c\\ge 0$. We also show that, irrespective of its boundary behaviour, every complete projective special K\\"ahler manifold with \\emph{cubic prepotential} gives rise to such a family. Examples include non-trivial deformations of non-compact symmetric quaternionic K\\"ahler manifolds.

  15. Mozart K.545 Mimics Mozart K.448 in Reducing Epileptiform Discharges in Epileptic Children

    Lung-Chang Lin; Mei-Wen Lee; Ruey-Chang Wei; Hin-Kiu Mok; Hui-Chuan Wu; Chin-Lin Tsai; Rei-Cheng Yang

    2012-01-01

    Mozart K.448 has been shown to improve cognitive function, leading to what is known as the Mozart Effect. Our previous work reveals positive effects of Mozart K.448 in reducing epileptiform discharges in epileptic children. In this study, we evaluated the effect of Mozart K.545 and compared the effects with those of Mozart K.448 on epileptiform discharges in children with epilepsy. Thirty-nine epileptic children with epileptiform discharges were included in the study. They received electroenc...

  16. Spitzer v. K2: Part II

    Werner, Michael; Crossfield (Deputy PI), Ian; Akeson, Rachel; Beichman, Charles; Benneke, Bjoern; Christiansen, Jessie; Ciardi, David; Deck, Katherine; Dressing, Courtney; Howard, Andrew; Howell, Steve; Knutson, Heather; Krick, Jessica; Livingston, John; Morales, Farisa; Petigura, Erik; Schlieder, Joshua; Gorjian, Varoujan

    2016-08-01

    We propose to build on our Cycles 11-12 program of Spitzer photometry of planets from the K2 survey by enlarging our sample to interesting exoplanets from the continuing K2 mission. Our team has shown that we can carry out this program end to end, starting with finding interesting candidate stars/planets in the K2 data stream, validating them using both proven Kepler techniques and ground-based observations, selecting and executing the Spitzer observations, and analyzing the Spitzer data in conjunction with the K2 data. To date we have observed or scheduled 38 transits/eclipses of 27 exoplanets. We will observe stars in K2 fields 0 through 15 and foresee executing over 60 AOR's on over 40 exoplanets. In the end, we expect to have a greatly improved characterization of exoplanets and their orbits than would be possible from the K2 data alone. This will be vital for JWST follow-up. In addition to improvements in ephemerides, these Spitzer observations will look for transit timing variations, analyze exoplanet atmospheres, study young exoplanets, and provde early TESS follow-up. This work will add substantially to the extensive exoplanet legacy of the Spitzer mission. This is a Generic Target proposal: The fields to be studied and their visibility windows are known, but until the K2 data is analyzed and the targets vetted, we cannot specify exact AORs.

  17. Quantitation of vitamin K in human milk

    A quantitative method was developed for the assay of vitamin K in human colostrum and milk. The procedure combines preparative and analytical chromatography on silica gel in a nitrogen atmosphere followed by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Two HPLC steps were used: gradient separation with ultraviolet (UV) detection followed by isocratic separation detected electrochemically. Due to co-migrating impurities, UV detection alone is insufficient for identification of vitamin K. Exogenous vitamin K was shown to equilibrate with endogenous vitamin K in the samples. A statistical method was incorporated to control for experimental variability. Vitamin K1 was analyzed in 16 pooled milk samples from 7 donors and in individual samples from 15 donors at 1 month post-partum. Vitamin K1 was present at 2.94 +/- 1.94 and 3.15 +/- 2.87 ng/mL in pools and in individuals, respectively. Menaquinones, the bacterial form of the vitamin, were not detected. The significance of experimental variation to studies of vitamin K in individuals is discussed

  18. Interpretation of K+K0bar pair production in pp collisions

    Dzyuba, A; Hanhart, C; Kleber, V; Koptev, V; Ströher, H; Wilkin, C

    2008-01-01

    A combined analysis of the published data on the pp -> dK+K0bar reaction at excess energies of 47.4 MeV and 104.7 MeV is presented. Evidence is found for both the production of the a0+(980)scalar resonance and for a strong K0bar:d final state interaction.

  19. On k-Gamma and k-Beta Distributions and Moment Generating Functions

    Gauhar Rahman

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of the present paper is to define k-gamma and k-beta distributions and moments generating function for the said distributions in terms of a new parameter k>0. Also, the authors prove some properties of these newly defined distributions.

  20. Kalk, külm, kõrk - kaunis / Arne Merilai

    Merilai, Arne, 1961-

    2011-01-01

    Von Krahli Teatri ja Filharmoonia Kammerkoori ühisprojektist - Veljo Tormise "Eesti ballaadid", muusikajuht Tõnu Kaljuste, koreograaf Aki Suzuki, lavastaja P. Jalakas. Loo on koostanud Lea Tormis, tekstid seadnud folklorist Ülo Tedre. Esietendus Kuusalu küla Soorinna küla küünis 18. aug. 2004

  1. Tests of CP Violation with $\\bar{K^0}$ and $ K^{0} $ at LEAR

    2002-01-01

    % PS195 Tests of CP Violation with &bar.K$^0$ and K$^0$ at LEAR \\\\ \\\\The aim of the experiment is to carry out precision tests of CP, T and CPT on the neutral kaon system through $ K ^0 - $\\bar{K}^0 $ interferometry using LEAR as an intense source. A beam of $ ~10^{6}~\\bar{p}$~events/second is brought to rest in a hydrogen target producing $ K ^0 $ and $ $\\bar{K}^0 $ events through the reaction channels : \\\\ \\\\ \\begin{center} $\\bar{p}p~~~~~\\rightarrow~~~~K^0~+~(K^-\\pi^+$) \\\\ \\\\~~~~~~~~$\\rightarrow~~~~\\bar{K}^0~+~(K^+\\pi^-$) \\end{center}\\\\ \\\\The neutral strange particles and their antiparticles are tagged by detecting in the magnetic field the sign of the accompanying charged kaons identified via Cerenkovs and scintillators. The experiment has the unique feature that the decays from particles and antiparticles are recorded under the same operating conditions using tracking chambers and a gas sampling electromagnetic calorimeter. The measured time-dependent $ K ^0 $-$ $\\bar{K}^0 $ asymmetries for non-lepton...

  2. Factorization of k-quasihyponormal operators

    Thukral, J. K.; Arora, S. C.

    1991-01-01

    Let A be the class of all operators T on a Hilbert space H such that R(T*kT), the range space of T*KT, is contained in R(T*k+1), for a positive integer k. It has been shown that if T õ A, there exists a unique operator CT on H such that (i) âÂ���‰â€‰â€‰â€‰â€‰â€‰â€‰â€‰T*kT=T*k+1CT ;(ii)        ‖CT‖2=inf{μ:μ≥0  and  (T*kT)(T*kT)*≤μT*k+1T*k+1} ;(iii) âÂ...

  3. K/π fluctuations at relativistic energies

    Abelev, B. I.; Snellings, R. J M; van Leeuwen, M.(Institute for Subatomic Physics of Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands); Russcher, M. J.; Peitzmann, T.(Institute for Subatomic Physics of Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands); Mischke, A.; Benedosso, F.; Braidot, E.; Botje, M.A.J.

    2009-01-01

    We report K/π fluctuations from Au+Au collisions at √sNN=19.6, 62.4, 130, and 200 GeV using the STAR detector at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. K/π fluctuations in central collisions show little dependence on incident energy and are on the same order as those from NA49 at the Super Proton Synchrotron in central Pb+Pb collisions at √sNN=12.3 and 17.3 GeV. We report results for the collision centrality dependence of K/π fluctuations and results for charge-separated fluctuations. We observ...

  4. Pionerer bag vitamin K, dikumarol og warfarin

    Norn, Svend; Permin, Henrik; Kruse, Edith;

    2014-01-01

    The history of the discovery and development of vitamin K and its antagonists, the oral anticoagulants dicoumarol and warfarin, are fascinating, triumphant landmarks in the annals of medicine. Vitamin K was found by Carl Peter Henrik Dam and Fritz Schønheyder from the University of Copenhagen. The...... factor was determined by bioassay in different extracts of green vegetables and alfalfa by Dam and Schønheyder. Vitamin K was isolated in 1939 by Dam and Paul Karrer in Zurich and the structure was determined by Edward Adelbert Doisy. Dam and Doisy were awarded the Nobel Prize in 1943. A dramatic story...

  5. Uniquely K_r-Saturated Graphs

    Hartke, Stephen G

    2012-01-01

    A graph G is uniquely K_r-saturated if it contains no clique with r vertices and if for all edges e in the complement, G + e has a unique clique with r vertices. Previously, few examples of uniquely K_r-saturated graphs were known, and little was known about their properties. We search for these graphs by adapting orbital branching, a technique originally developed for symmetric integer linear programs. We find several new uniquely K_r-saturated graphs with 4 \\leq r \\leq 7, as well as two new infinite families based on Cayley graphs for Z_n with a small number of generators.

  6. Finding the K shortest hyperpaths using reoptimization

    Nielsen, Lars Relund; Pretolani, Daniele; Andersen, Kim Allan

    2004-01-01

    The shortest hyperpath problem is an extension of the classical shortest path problem and has applications in many different areas. Recently, algorithms for finding the K shortest hyperpaths in a directed hypergraph have been developed by Andersen, Nielsen and Pretolani. In this paper we improve...... the worst-case computational complexity of an algorithm for finding the K shortest hyperpaths in an acyclic hypergraph. This result is obtained by applying new reoptimization techniques for shortest hyperpaths. The algorithm turns out to be quite effective in practice and has already been successfully...... applied in the context of stochastic time-dependent networks, for finding the K best strategies and for solving bicriterion problems....

  7. B-> K photon photon via intermediate eta'

    Ahmady, Mohammad R.

    1999-01-01

    We examine our previous conjecture that the eta' intermediate resonance has the dominant role in the long distance contributions to B decay into two photons and a strange final state hadron. We calculate the branching ratio of the exclusive B-> K eta'-> K photon photon decay using the nonspectator mechanism for eta' production in charmless hadronic B decays. It is shown that the obtained branching ratio B^eta'(B-> K\\gamma\\gamma)~ 8.7 X 10^{-7} is more than twice as large as the eta_c contribu...

  8. K3 surfaces with Picard rank 20

    Schuett, Matthias

    2008-01-01

    We determine all complex K3 surfaces with Picard rank 20 over Q. Here the Neron-Severi group has rank 20 and is generated by divisors which are defined over Q. Our proof uses modularity, the Artin-Tate conjecture and class group theory. With different techniques, the result has been established by Elkies to show that Mordell-Weil rank 18 over Q is impossible for an elliptic K3 surface. We then apply our methods to general singular K3 surfaces, i.e. with Neron-Severi group of rank 20, but not ...

  9. K2 observations of young star clusters

    Cody, Ann Marie

    2016-01-01

    In operation since 2014, the K2 mission is now acquiring high cadence, high precision, long time baseline on thousands of stars in the ecliptic plane. Unlike its predecessor the Kepler mission, K2 is observing a number of young to intermediate age star clusters. This provides the chance to not only look for relatively young planets, but to also study starspot evolution, accretion, and inner circumstellar disk dynamics on several month timescales. I will provide an overview of our K2 cluster photometry pipeline and highlight the variable processes evident in the first few campaigns.

  10. The K2-TESS Stellar Properties Catalog

    Stassun, Keivan G.; Pepper, Joshua A.; Paegert, Martin; Lee, Nathan; Sanchis-Ojeda, Roberto

    2014-01-01

    We introduce a catalog of stellar properties for stars observed by the Kepler follow-on mission, K2. We base the catalog on a cross-match between the K2 Campaign target lists and the current working version of the NASA TESS target catalog. The resulting K2-TESS Stellar Properties Catalog includes value-added information from the TESS Target Catalog, including stellar colors, proper motions, and an estimated luminosity class (dwarf/subgiant versus giant) for each star based on a reduced-proper...

  11. [Vitamin K2 influences several diseases].

    Hey, Henrik; Brasen, Claus Lohman

    2015-08-01

    In this paper we discuss the evidence of vitamin K2 deficiency which is a factor in several chronic diseases like diabetes, osteoporosis, cancer, inflammatory and cardiovascular diseases. This deficiency is very common in the mentioned diseases although it is rarely treated by clinicians. Randomized clinical trials have shown that patients with osteoporosis, cardiovascular diseases and cancer can benefit from vitamin K2 supplement. Further studies are needed to ascertain the effect of vitamin K2 supplement in patients with diabetes and inflammatory bowel diseases. PMID:26321585

  12. Nitrosyl hemoglobins: EPR above 80 K

    The EPR spectra of nitrosyl hemoglobin and myoglobin in different conditions (native, denatured and lyophilized), as well as of hematin-NO were obtained in the temperature range of 80 K-280 K. There is a substantial and reversible.decrease of the areas of the EPR spectra of all the hemoglobin samples above 150 K. The interpretation of the results implies the existence of two conformational states in thermal equilibrium only one of which is EPR detectable. Thermodynamical parameters are determined for the hexa and penta-coordinated cases. (author). 25 refs, 3 figs

  13. The fishes of Genome 10K

    Bernardi, Giacomo

    2012-09-01

    The Genome 10K project aims to sequence the genomes of 10,000 vertebrates, representing approximately one genome for each vertebrate genus. Since fishes (cartilaginous fishes, ray-finned fishes and lobe-finned fishes) represent more than 50% of extant vertebrates, it is planned to target 4,000 fish genomes. At present, nearly 60 fish genomes are being sequenced at various public funded labs, and under a Genome 10K and BGI pilot project. An additional 100 fishes have been identified for sequencing in the next phase of Genome 10K project. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

  14. Teollisen lihan käsittelyprosessin optimointi

    Roiko, Janette

    2012-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön toimeksiantaja Pouttu Oy on keskisuuri lihanjalostusyritys. Pouttu Oy on kokenut monia rakeenteellisia muutoksia viime vuosina. Kasvava yritys kehittää koko ajan uusia korkealaatuisia tuotteita markkinoille. Pouttu pyrkii jatkuvasti parantamaan raaka-aineiden käyttöä ja käyttämään tuoreinta teknologiaa. Opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli selvittää lihanjalostusteollisuuden käyttämän natriumnitraatin vaikutusta lihanvedesidontakykyyn ja lihan erilaisten sulatustapojen vaikutust...

  15. Tilastokuvioiden käyttö informaatiografiikassa

    Malin, Ilkka

    2014-01-01

    Opinnäyteyön aiheena on tilastotiedon visuaalinen esittäminen ja informaatiografiikka. Työn tavoitteena oli tutkia informaatio- ja tilastografiikan teoreettista taustaa ja käytäntöjä sekä soveltaa saatua tietoa käytännössä. Käytännön osuus toteutettiin Metropolian Datajournalismi ja multimedian visualisointi -opintojakson puitteissa. Opinnäytetyön teoriaosuudessa tarkastellaan informaatio- ja tilastografiikkaa. Työssä kuvataan yleisimpien tilastokuvioiden ominaisuudet ja käyttökohteet kir...

  16. CP violation in rare K decays

    The investigation of rare K decays calls for a unified treatment of short- and long-distance aspects as provided by chiral perturbation theory. For the standard model with three generations, the theoretical predictions for signals of CP violation in those decays are reviewed. With direct CP violation as the main target, special emphasis is given to the charge asymmetries in charged K decays and to the especially rare decays KL → π0ll-bar. Time dependent rate asymmetries in K0 decays and the longitudinal muon polarization in KL → μ+μ- are also discussed. 50 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab. (Author)

  17. LAPUR-K BWR stability benchmark

    This paper documents the stability benchmark of the LAPUR-K code using the measurements taken at the Ringhals Unit 1 plant over four cycles of operation. This benchmark was undertaken to demonstrate the ability of LAPUR-K to calculate the decay ratios for both core-wide and regional mode oscillations. This benchmark contributes significantly to assuring that LAPUR-K can be used to define the exclusion region for the Monticello Plant in response to recent US Nuclear Regulatory Commission notices concerning oscillation observed at Boiling Water Reactor plants. Stability is part of Northern States Power Reload Safety Evaluation of the Monticello Plant

  18. LHCb: Measuring B to mu mu K

    De Cian, M

    2009-01-01

    The Flavour Changing Neutral Current decay B to mu mu K, which only occurs via loop processes in the SM, is sensitive to contributions from a variety of possible new physics sources. LHCb, the dedicated b physics experiment at the LHC, will record an unprecedented number of B to mu mu K decays, allowing precision measurements of a large number of variables, which will provide evidence or place constraints for physics beyond the SM. This poster gives a short overview of the detector, introduces some of these variables and presents a selection for B to mu mu K.

  19. Stellar Astrophysics with the K2 Mission

    Buzasi, Derek L.

    2016-06-01

    After two years of operation, NASA's K2 spacecraft has established itself as not simply a repurposed Kepler, but as a uniquely capable mission in its own right. While each field of view is observed for only ~80 days, in contrast to the 4+ years achieved by Kepler, the varied locations of the pointings along the ecliptic have made possible a wide range of new astrophysical applications. In this talk, I will discuss recent K2 results in the area of stellar astrophysics, focusing on studies of stellar activity and asteroseismology. I will also present an overview of the different data reduction pipelines available for working with K2 data.

  20. K0-Sigma+ Photoproduction with SAPHIR

    Bennhold, C.

    1997-01-01

    Preliminary results of the analysis of the reaction p(gamma,K0)Sigma+ are presented. We show the first measurement of the differential cross section and much improved data for the total cross section than previous data. The data are compared with model predictions from different isobar and quark models that give a good description of p(gamma,K+)Lambda and p(gamma,K+)Sigma0 data in the same energy range. Results of ChPT describe the data adequately at threshold while isobar models that include...

  1. Nitrosyl hemoglobins: EPR above 80 K

    Wajnberg, E.; Bemski, G.; El-Jaick, L.J.; Alves, O.C.

    1995-03-01

    The EPR spectra of nitrosyl hemoglobin and myoglobin in different conditions (native, denatured and lyophilized), as well as of hematin-NO were obtained in the temperature range of 80 K-280 K. There is a substantial and reversible.decrease of the areas of the EPR spectra of all the hemoglobin samples above 150 K. The interpretation of the results implies the existence of two conformational states in thermal equilibrium only one of which is EPR detectable. Thermodynamical parameters are determined for the hexa and penta-coordinated cases. (author). 25 refs, 3 figs.

  2. Scalable k-means statistics with Titan.

    Thompson, David C.; Bennett, Janine C.; Pebay, Philippe Pierre

    2009-11-01

    This report summarizes existing statistical engines in VTK/Titan and presents both the serial and parallel k-means statistics engines. It is a sequel to [PT08], [BPRT09], and [PT09] which studied the parallel descriptive, correlative, multi-correlative, principal component analysis, and contingency engines. The ease of use of the new parallel k-means engine is illustrated by the means of C++ code snippets and algorithm verification is provided. This report justifies the design of the statistics engines with parallel scalability in mind, and provides scalability and speed-up analysis results for the k-means engine.

  3. Yhteiskuntavastuun toteutuminen, Case: K-citymarket Imatra

    Hatinen, Jonna

    2010-01-01

    Tämän opinnäytetyön tarkoituksena oli selvittää kuinka yhteiskuntavastuun osa-alueet eli taloudellinen vastuu, sosiaalinen vastuu ja ympäristövastuu huomioidaan Kesko Oyj:n hypermarketketjuun kuuluvan K-citymarket Imatran päivittäisessä toiminnassa. Vastuullisen toiminnan periaatteiden toteutumista tarkastellaan Imatran K-citymarketin henkilöstön näkökulmasta. Tämä opinnäytetyö on tapaustutkimus, jossa kerätyn tiedon perusteella saadaan selville tutkimuksen tulokset. Opinnäytety...

  4. Na+ and K+ transport at basolateral membranes of epithelial cells. II. K+ efflux and stoichiometry of the Na,K-ATPase

    1986-01-01

    Changes of 42K efflux (J23K) caused by ouabain and/or furosemide were measured in isolated epithelia of frog skin. From the kinetics of 42K influx (J32K) studied first over 8-9 h, K+ appeared to be distributed into readily and poorly exchangeable cellular pools of K+. The readily exchangeable pool of K+ was increased by amiloride and decreased by ouabain and/or K+-free extracellular Ringer solution. 42K efflux studies were carried out with tissues shortcircuited in chambers. Ouabain caused an...

  5. Kotitalouden kädentaitojen opettaminen näkövammaisille

    Niemelä, Paula

    2007-01-01

    Kvalitatiivisen kehittämishankkeen tarkoituksena oli kartoittaa, miten näkövammaisille opetetaan kotitalouden kädentaitoja näkövammaisten erityisoppilaitoksissa ja miten näkövammaiset kokevat saamansa opetuksen. Kartoittavan tutkimuksen tavoitteena oli saada yleiskuva näkövammaisten kotitalouden opetuksesta ja selvittää mahdollinen lisätutkimustarve. Opinnäytetyön aineisto kerättiin Arlainstituutin kotitaloudenopettajalle ja hänen välittämänään viidelle hänen opiskelijalleen lähetetyllä kysel...

  6. A search for K+ → π+ν bar ν and other rare K+ decays

    Experiment 787 at Brookhaven, a collaboration of groups from Brookhaven, Los Alamos, Princeton, and TRIUMF, is designed to search for rare K+ decays, including K+ → π+ν bar ν, K+ → π+μ+μ-, and K+ → π+γγ. The experiment uses a low-energy, 775-MeV K+ beam from the Low Energy Separated Beam at the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron. The typical kaon intensity entering the detector is ∼8 x 105 kaons per 1.8-second spill. 10 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab

  7. 半群On(K)的秩%Ranks of the Semigroup On(k)

    张传军; 赵平

    2014-01-01

    设On是有限链[N]上的保序变换半群.对任意1≤k≤n-1,研究半群On(k)={α∈On:(Vx∈[N]x≤k(→)xα≤k}的秩和幂等元秩,证明了半群On(k)的秩为2n-3.进一步,得到了半群On(k)(2≤k≤n-1)的幂等元秩为n和半群On(1)的幂等元秩为n-1.

  8. Kass kukub käppadele

    1999-01-01

    11. novembril esilinastub kinos Kosmos noorte autorite filmikassett "Kass kukub käppadele" : "Tähesõit" (Jaak Kilmi), "Harjutused Florianile" (Peter Herzog), "Pauli laululaegas" (Rainer Sarnet). Kasseti operaator on Mait Mäekivi

  9. Premarket Notifications (510(k)s)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Medical device manufacturers are required to submit a premarket notification or 510(k) if they intend to introduce a device into commercial distribution for the...

  10. Tuniistehnikas kätised / Pille Hermann

    Hermann, Pille

    2009-01-01

    Eesti Käsitöö Majas 20. oktoobrist avatud Haapsalu Kutsehariduskeskuse tekstiilieriala õpilastööde näitusest "Ilu ei panda padaje", pikemalt Lõuna-Läänemaa saanitekkidest inspireeritud kätistest

  11. Biokaasun käyttö polttomoottorissa

    Hiitola, M. (Markus)

    2016-01-01

    Tässä työssä esitellään yleisimmät polttomoottorityypit ottomoottori ja dieselmoottori biokaasun käytön näkökulmasta. Lisäksi selvitetään biokaasun tuotantoa, ominaisuuksia ja puhdistamista aina biometaaniksi asti. Biokaasu on tärkeä fossiilisten polttoaineiden korvaaja. Biokaasua voidaan tuottaa mädättämällä jätteistä ja hyödyntämättömistä sivutuotteista. Ottomoottorissa biokaasua voidaan käyttää sellaisenaan. Dieselmoottorissa, jossa palamisprosessi käynnistetään puristussytytysperiaatt...

  12. DNR 100K Lakes and Rivers

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — Polygons representing hydrographic features (lakes, ponds, some rivers, and open water areas) originating from the USGS 1:100,000 (100K)DLG (Digital Line Graph)...

  13. K-Basins S/RIDS

    Watson, D.J.

    1997-08-01

    The Standards/Requirements Identification Document (S/RID) is a list of the Environmental, Safety, and Health (ES{ampersand}H) and Safeguards and Security (SAS) standards/requirements applicable to the K Basins facility.

  14. Mooste külalisstuudio uued asukad

    2003-01-01

    2003. a. esimesed külaliskunstnikud: hongkongi kontseptualist Jjoey Luk Pui Man, nomaadist ameerika video- ja helikunstnik John Grzinich, kes 17.-23. III viib läbi digitaalvideo workshopi kunstnikele ja kunstiüliõpilastele

  15. Overflow of Radioactive Water from K Basins

    This report documents the dose calculations for the postulated K Basin overflow accident using current methods to model the environmental doses for radioactive releases into the Columbia River and the air

  16. 2 küsimust / Kristin Raudsepp

    Raudsepp, Kristin

    2003-01-01

    Ravimiameti peadirektor Kristin Raudsepp vastab küsimustele, mis puudutavad erinevusi ravimite müügilelubamisel Eesti liitumisel EL-iga võrreldes praegusega ning olukorda juhul, kui me ei liitu EL-iga

  17. K-Basins S/RIDS

    Watson, D.J.

    1995-09-22

    The Standards/Requirements Identification Document(S/RID) is a list of the Environmental, Safety, and Health (ES&H) and Safeguards and Security (SAS) standards/requirements applicable to the K Basins facility

  18. CCN-supersaturation spectra slopes (k)

    Jiusto, J. E.; Lala, G. G.

    1981-11-01

    Theoretically the slope k of a CCN-supesaturation spectrum should equal two thirds of the slope of the total (soluble) aerosol size distribution. Workshop results tended to verify this relation. The k values are markedly different depending on whether one is measuring ambient CCN concentrations at supersaturations S above or below approximately 0.1-0.2%. The larger k values for S approximately 0.1% is consistent with the greater decrease in large particle concentration with increasing size. It is concluded that over the S range of 0.02% to 2%, two power fits (and k values) may sometimes suffice for a reasonable approximation of the CCN distribution. At other times, and with laboratory generated aeosols, such an approach is inadequate and requires refinement.

  19. In memory of I. K. Lopatin

    Life and works of one of the most prominent leaf beetle systematist, I. K. Lopatin, is described. Complete list of his publications is provided along with list of taxa that he described and taxa that were named after him....

  20. Serendipitous Science from the K2 Mission

    Buzasi, Derek L; Hessler, Carly; Lezcano, Andy; Preston, Heather

    2015-01-01

    The K2 mission is a repurposed use of the Kepler spacecraft to perform high-precision photometry of selected fields in the ecliptic. We have developed an aperture photometry pipeline for K2 data which performs dynamic automated aperture mask selection, background estimation and subtraction, and positional decorrelation to minimize the effects of spacecraft pointing jitter. We also identify secondary targets in the K2 "postage stamps" and produce light curves for those targets as well. Pipeline results will be made available to the community. Here we describe our pipeline and the photometric precision we are capable of achieving with K2, and illustrate its utility with asteroseismic results from the serendipitous secondary targets.

  1. Brenda K. Edwards, PhD

    Brenda K. Edwards, PhD, has been with the Surveillance Research Program (SRP) and its predecessor organizations at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) since 1989, serving as SRP’s Associate Director from 1990-2011.

  2. Results and Prospects from T2K

    Duffy, Kirsty

    2016-01-01

    As measurements of the neutrino oscillation parameters improve it is becoming more interesting to study antineutrino oscillations, to investigate CP and CPT violation in the lepton sector and nonstandard matter effects. We present the most recent T2K antineutrino oscillation results, from data collected using a muon antineutrino-enhanced neutrino beam corresponding to 4.01E20 protons on target. The first analysis of electron antineutrino appearance at T2K is presented, as well as world-leading measurements of the dominant oscillation parameters for muon antineutrino disappearance. T2K measures $\\sin^2(\\bar{\\theta}_{23}) = 0.46^{+0.14}_{-0.06}$ and $\\Delta \\bar{m}^2_{32} = 2.50^{+0.3}_{-0.2} \\times 10^{-3} \\mbox{eV}^2$, which is consistent with previous T2K measurements of the neutrino oscillation parameters and existing antineutrino measurements.

  3. CP Violation in Tau to K* Decays

    Hodgkinson, Mark; /Manchester U.

    2006-03-10

    A sample of {tau}{sup {+-}} {yields} K*{sup {+-}} decays with K*{sup {+-}} {yields} K{sub S}{sup 0}{pi}{sup {+-}} and K{sub S}{sup 0} {yields} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup -}, using 123.4 fb{sup -1} of data collected by the BaBar detector at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, is used to search for a direct CP violation effect in the charged Higgs sector. No evidence of CP violation is found and the imaginary part of the charged Higgs coupling, {l_brace}Im{r_brace}({Lambda}), in the Multi-Higgs-Doublet-Model is found to be at -0.284 < {l_brace}Im{r_brace}({Lambda}) < 0.200 at 90% Confidence Level. In addition the installation of the kk2f Monte Carlo generator into the BaBar software framework is described.

  4. K-theory of noncommutative Bieberbach manifolds

    Olczykowski, P.; Sitarz, A.

    2015-07-01

    We compute the K-theory of noncommutative Bieberbach manifolds, which are fixed point C* subalgebras of a three-dimensional noncommutative torus by a free action of a cyclic group ℤ N , N = 2, 3, 4, 6.

  5. Inflation from Nilpotent K\\"ahler Corrections

    McDonough, Evan

    2016-01-01

    We develop a new class of supergravity cosmological models where inflation is induced by terms in the K\\"ahler potential which mix a nilpotent superfield $S$ with a chiral sector $\\Phi$. As the new terms are non-(anti)holomorphic, and hence cannot be removed by a K\\"ahler transformation, these models are intrinsically K\\"ahler potential driven. Such terms could arise for example due to a backreaction of an anti-D3 brane on the string theory bulk geometry. We show that this mechanism is very general and allows for a unified description of inflation and dark energy, with controllable SUSY breaking at the vacuum. When the internal geometry of the bulk field is hyperbolic, we prove that small perturbative K\\"ahler corrections naturally lead to $\\alpha$-attractor behaviour, with inflationary predictions in excellent agreement with the latest Planck data

  6. [Cathepsin K antagonists: preclinical and clinical data].

    Gamsjäger, Marion; Resch, Heinrich

    2015-02-01

    Cathepsin K, a cysteine protease, is an essential enzyme in degradation of collagen type I. Since cathepsin K is relatively specific to osteoclasts, it represents a promising candidate for drug development. In the past decades, efforts have been made in developing highly potent, selective and orally applicable cathepsin K inhibitors. In contrast to balicatib and relacatib, whose drug development programmes were stopped due to cutaneous side-effects related to limited drug specificity, the more specific cathepsin K inhibitors odanacatib (ODN) and ONO-5334 have entered clinical trials. Odanacatib progressively increases bone mineral density (BMD) and decreases bone resorption markers in postmenopausal women with low BMD. Its clinical efficacy and safety was confirmed by several clinical studies but indicates that odanacatib is characterized by a resolution-of-effect with increases in bone resorption and rapid decreases in BMD following treatment discontinuation. A phase III fracture prevention study in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis is currently in the final phase. PMID:25572547

  7. K-Basins S/RIDS

    The Standards/Requirements Identification Document (S/RID) is a list of the Environmental, Safety, and Health (ES(ampersand)H) and Safeguards and Security (SAS) standards/requirements applicable to the K Basins facility

  8. 2 küsimust / Iris Pettai

    Pettai, Iris, 1947-

    2003-01-01

    Avatud Eesti Ühiskonna Fondi sotsioloog vastab küsimustele uuringu "Prostitutsioon Eestis: sotsiaalsed riskid ja majanduslik surve" kohta. Võrdlusandmetest Lääne- ja Ida-Euroopa riikidega ning prostitutsiooni keelustamisest

  9. Kljutsh k gazovoi trube / Josef Kats

    Kats, Josef, 1977-

    2008-01-01

    Europarlamendi saadik ja Euroopa Komisjoni energeetika komisjoni liige Andres Tarand esines Tallinna Europarlamendi Infobüroos teemal "Kas Euroopas on käimas energeetiline ja maailmas klimaatiline sõda"

  10. K-independent percolation on trees

    Mathieu, Pierre

    2011-01-01

    Consider the class of k-independent bond, respectively site, percolations with parameter p on an infinite tree T. We derive bounds on p in terms of k and the branching number br(T) of T for both a.s. percolation and a.s. nonpercolation. The bounds are tight for the whole class, coincide for bond and site percolation and are continuous functions of br(T). This extends previous results by Lyons for the independent (k=0) case and by Bollobas & Balister for the 1-independent bond percolation case. Central to our argumentation are moment method and capacity estimates \\`a la Lyons supplemented by explicit percolation models inspired by the work of Bollobas & Balister. An indispensable tool is the minimality and explicit construction of Shearer's measure on the k-fuzz of Z.

  11. Petr Skalník 70 let

    Uherek, Zdeněk

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 25, č. 3 (2015), s. 335-336. ISSN 0862-8351 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : anniversary * Petr Skalník * Czech Republic * sociocultural anthropology Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology , Ethnology

  12. The Hidden K-edge Signal in K-edge Imaging

    Bateman, Christopher J; de Ruiter, Niels J A; Butler, Anthony P; Butler, Philip H; Renaud, Peter F

    2015-01-01

    K-edge imaging is commonly used for viewing contrast pharmaceuticals in a variety of multi-energy x-ray imaging techniques, ranging from dual-energy and spectral computed tomography to fluoroscopy. When looking for the K-edge signal of a specific contrast, by taking measurements either side of the K-edge, it is found that the K-edge is not always observable for low concentrations. We have also observed that the ability to see the K-edge is unit dependent - a K-edge that is not observable in computed tomography (CT) reconstructed linear attenuation units can often be made visible by converting to Hounsfield units. This paper presents an investigation of this K-edge hiding phenomenon. We conclude that if a multi-energy x-ray measurement of any K-edge material contains a signal of any other material, then there will be a positive concentration of that K-edge material below which its K-edge cannot be observed without extracting the K-edge signal through means of basis decomposition. Mathematical descriptions of t...

  13. Köök / Eve Arpo, Bibi Steinberg

    Arpo, Eve

    2009-01-01

    Kaasaegsed köögid, köögitehnika. Nõuandeid köögi planeerimiseks. Peter Distoli disainitud suhkrust köök. Rahvusvahelisel disainivõistlusel Electro Design Lab 2008 eksponeeritud kodumasinad. Esikoha võitis Stefan Buchbergeri disainitud moodulitest koosnev külmik

  14. Balanced K-satisfiability and biased random K-satisfiability on trees.

    Sumedha; Krishnamurthy, Supriya; Sahoo, Sharmistha

    2013-04-01

    We study and solve some variations of the random K-satisfiability (K-SAT) problem—balanced K-SAT and biased random K-SAT—on a regular tree, using techniques we have developed earlier. In both these problems as well as variations of these that we have looked at, we find that the transition from the satisfiable to the unsatisfiable regime obtained on the Bethe lattice matches the exact threshold for the same model on a random graph for K = 2 and is very close to the numerical value obtained for K = 3. For higher K, it deviates from the numerical estimates of the solvability threshold on random graphs but is very close to the dynamical one-step-replicasymmetry-breaking threshold as obtained from the first nontrivial fixed point of the survey propagation algorithm. PMID:23826613

  15. k-接近一致光滑Bananch空间%k-Nearly Uniformly Smooth Banach Spaces

    王翠玲; 魏文展; 周玲丽

    2006-01-01

    定义k-接近一致光滑模,利用其给出k-接近一致光滑(k-NUS)空间的概念,证明k-接近一致光滑空间与k-接近一致凸空间是对偶概念,同时引入具有w*k性质的空间,给出k-接近一致光滑空间的一个特征刻画,并讨论(k+1)-接近一致光滑空间与接近一致光滑和k-一致光滑(kUS)空间的关系.

  16. Feshbach resonances in ultracold {sup 39}K

    D' Errico, Chiara [LENS and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Firenze, Via Nello Carrara 1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Italy); Zaccanti, Matteo [LENS and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Firenze, Via Nello Carrara 1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Italy); Fattori, Marco [Museo Storico della Fisica e Centro Studi e Ricerche ' Enrico Fermi' , Compendio del Viminale, 00184 Roma (Italy); Roati, Giacomo [LENS and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Firenze, Via Nello Carrara 1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Italy); Inguscio, Massimo [LENS and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Firenze, Via Nello Carrara 1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Italy); Modugno, Giovanni [LENS and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Firenze, Via Nello Carrara 1, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Italy); Simoni, Andrea [Laboratoire de Physique des Atomes, Lasers, Molecules et Surfaces, UMR 6627 du CNRS and Universite de Rennes, 35042 Rennes Cedex (France)

    2007-07-15

    We discover several magnetic Feshbach resonances in collisions of ultracold {sup 39}K atoms, by studying atom losses and molecule formation. Accurate determination of the magnetic-field resonance locations allows us to optimize a quantum collision model for potassium isotopes. We employ the model to predict the magnetic-field dependence of scattering lengths and of near-threshold molecular levels. Our findings will be useful to plan future experiments on ultracold {sup 39}K atoms and molecules.

  17. The $K$-theory of assemblers

    Zakharevich, Inna

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we introduce the notion of an assembler, which formally encodes "cutting and pasting" data. An assembler has an associated $K$-theory spectrum, in which $\\pi_0$ is the free abelian group of objects of the assembler modulo the cutting and pasting relations, and in which the higher homotopy groups encode further geometric invariants. The goal of this paper is to prove structural theorems about this $K$-theory spectrum, including analogs of Quillen's localization and d\\'evissage th...

  18. Lambda polarization in the K- fragmentation region

    Results on Λ polarization in the inclusive reaction K-p->Λ+X at 12 and 16 GeV/c for 0.60.6 is Psub(Λ)=0.35+-0.02, along the direction K- x Λ. The polarization can be expressed as P(x,psub(t))=(0.66+-0.03)psub(t) independent of x in the range covered by the experiment. (orig.)

  19. Vitamin K2 Therapy for Postmenopausal Osteoporosis

    Jun Iwamoto

    2014-01-01

    Vitamin K may play an important role in the prevention of fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Menatetrenone is the brand name of a synthetic vitamin K2 that is chemically identical to menaquinone-4. The present review study aimed to clarify the effect of menatetrenone on the skeleton in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis, by reviewing the results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the literature. RCTs that investigated the effect of menatetrenone on bone mineral de...

  20. CP Violation in B -> pi K Decays

    Imbeault, Maxime

    2004-01-01

    I briefly review CP violation in the B system, concentrating on B -> pi K decays. I discuss how to deal with electroweak-penguin contributions to these decays using flavour SU(3). With these, I show that the entire unitarity triangle can be extracted from measurements of B -> pi K decays. Finally, I examine the signals for new physics in these decays and the possibilities for measuring them.

  1. K-method of cognitive mapping analysis

    Snarskii, A. A.; Zorinets, D. I.; Lande, D. V.; Levchenko, A. V.

    2016-01-01

    Introduced a new calculation method (K-method) for cognitive maps. K - method consists of two consecutive steps. In the first stage, allocated subgraph composed of all paths from one selected node (concept) to another node (concept) from the cognitive map (directed weighted graph) . In the second stage, after the transition to an undirected graph (symmetrization adjacency matrix) the influence of one node to another calculated with Kirchhoff method. In the proposed method, there is no problem...

  2. k-Means Clustering Is Matrix Factorization

    Bauckhage, Christian

    2015-01-01

    We show that the objective function of conventional k-means clustering can be expressed as the Frobenius norm of the difference of a data matrix and a low rank approximation of that data matrix. In short, we show that k-means clustering is a matrix factorization problem. These notes are meant as a reference and intended to provide a guided tour towards a result that is often mentioned but seldom made explicit in the literature.

  3. K/pi Fluctuations at Relativistic Energies

    Abelev, B. I.; Aggarwal, M. M.; Ahammed, Z.; Anderson, B. D.; Arkhipkin, D.; Averichev, G. S.; Balewski, J.; Barannikova, O.; Barnby, L. S.; Baudot, J.; Baumgart, S.; Beavis, D.R.; Bellwied, R.; Benedosso, F.; Betancourt, M.J.; Betts, R. R.; Bhasin, A.; Bhati, A.K.; Bichsel, H.; Bielčík, Jaroslav; Bielčíková, Jana; Biritz, B.; Bland, L.C.; Bombara, M.; Bonner, B. E.; Botje, M.; Bouchet, J.; Braidot, E.; Brandin, A. V.; Bruna, E.; Bueltmann, S.; Burton, T. P.; Bysterský, Michal; Cai, X.Z.; Caines, H.; Sanchez, M.C.D.; Catu, O.; Cebra, D.; Cendejas, R.; Cervantes, M.C.; Chajecki, Z.; Chaloupka, Petr; Chattopadhyay, S.; Chen, H.F.; Chen, J.H.; Cheng, J.; Cherney, M.; Chikanian, A.; Choi, K.E.; Christie, W.; Clarke, R.F.; Codrington, M.J.M.; Corliss, R.; Cormier, T.M.; Coserea, R. M.; Cramer, J. G.; Crawford, H. J.; Das, D.; Dash, S.; Daugherity, M.; De Silva, L.C.; Dedovich, T. G.; DePhillips, M.; Derevschikov, A.A.; de Souza, R.D.; Didenko, L.; Djawotho, P.; Dunlop, J.C.; Mazumdar, M.R.D.; Edwards, W.R.; Efimov, L.G.; Elhalhuli, E.; Elnimr, M.; Emelianov, V.; Engelage, J.; Eppley, G.; Erazmus, B.; Estienne, M.; Eun, L.; Fachini, P.; Fatemi, R.; Fedorisin, J.; Feng, A.; Filip, P.; Finch, E.; Fine, V.; Fisyak, Y.; Gagliardi, C. A.; Gaillard, L.; Ganti, M. S.; Gangaharan, D.R.; Garcia-Solis, E.J.; Geromitsos, A.; Geurts, F.; Ghazikhanian, V.; Ghosh, P.; Gorbunov, Y.N.; Gordon, A.; Grebenyuk, O.; Grosnick, D.; Grube, B.; Guertin, S.M.; Guimaraes, K.S.F.F.; Gupta, A.; Gupta, N.; Guryn, W.; Haag, B.; Hallman, T.J.; Hamed, A.; Harris, J.W.; He, W.; Heinz, M.; Heppelmann, S.; Hippolyte, B.; Hirsch, A.; Hjort, E.; Hoffman, A.M.; Hoffmann, G.W.; Hofman, D.J.; Hollis, R.S.; Huang, H.Z.; Humanic, T.J.; Igo, G..; Iordanova, A.; Jacobs, P.; Jacobs, W.W.; Jakl, Pavel; Jena, C.; Jin, F.; Jones, C.L.; Jones, P.G.; Joseph, J.; Judd, E.G.; Kabana, S.; Kajimoto, K.; Kang, K.; Kapitán, Jan; Keane, D.; Kechechyan, A.; Kettler, D.; Khodyrev, V.Yu.; Kikola, D.P.; Kiryluk, J.; Kisiel, A.; Klein, S.R.; Knospe, A.G.; Kocoloski, A.; Koetke, D.D.; Kopytine, M.; Korsch, W.; Kotchenda, L.; Kushpil, Vasilij; Kravtsov, P.; Kravtsov, V.I.; Krueger, K.; Krus, M.; Kuhn, C.; Kumar, L.; Kurnadi, P.; Lamont, M.A.C.; Landgraf, J.M.; LaPointe, S.; Lauret, J.; Lebedev, A.; Lednický, Richard; Lee, Ch.; Lee, J.H.; Leight, W.; LeVine, M.J.; Li, N.; Li, C.; Li, Y.; Lin, G.; Lindenbaum, S.J.; Lisa, M.A.; Liu, F.; Liu, J.; Liu, L.; Ljubicic, T.; Llope, W.J.; Longacre, R.S.; Love, W.A.; Lu, Y.; Ludlam, T.; Ma, G.L.; Ma, Y.G.; Mahapatra, D.P.; Majka, R.; Mall, O.I.; Mangotra, L.K.; Manweiler, R.; Margetis, S.; Markert, C.; Matis, H.S.; Matulenko, Yu.A.; McShane, T.S.; Meschanin, A.; Milner, R.; Minaev, N.G.; Mioduszewski, S.; Mischke, A.; Mitchell, J.; Mohanty, B.; Morozov, D.A.; Munhoz, M. G.; Nandi, B.K.; Nattrass, C.; Nayak, T. K.; Nelson, J.M.; Netrakanti, P.K.; Ng, M.J.; Nogach, L.V.; Nurushev, S.B.; Odyniec, G.; Ogawa, A.; Okada, H.; Okorokov, V.; Olson, D.; Pachr, M.; Page, B.S.; Pal, S.K.; Pandit, Y.; Panebratsev, Y.; Panitkin, S.Y.; Pawlak, T.; Peitzmann, T.; Perevoztchikov, V.; Perkins, C.; Peryt, W.; Phatak, S.C.; Poljak, N.; Poskanzer, A.M.; Potukuchi, B.V.K.S.; Prindle, D.; Pruneau, C.; Pruthi, N.K.; Putschke, J.; Raniwala, R.; Raniwala, S.; Ray, R.L.; Redwine, R.; Reed, R.; Ridiger, A.; Ritter, H.G.; Roberts, J.B.; Rogachevskiy, O.V.; Romero, J.L.; Rose, A.; Roy, C.; Ruan, L.; Russcher, M.J.; Sahoo, R.; Sakrejda, I.; Salur, S.; Sandweiss, J.; Sarsour, M.; Schambach, J.; Scharenberg, R.P.; Schmitz, N.; Seger, J.; Selyuzhenkov, I.; Seyboth, P.; Shabetai, A.; Shahaliev, E.; Shao, M.; Sharma, M.; Shi, S.S.; Shi, X.H.; Sichtermann, E.P.; Simon, F.; Singaraju, R.N.; Skoby, M.J.; Smirnov, N.; Snellings, R.; Sorensen, P.; Sowinski, J.; Spinka, H.M.; Srivastava, B.; Stadnik, A.; Stanislaus, T.D.S.; Staszak, D.; Strikhanov, M.; Stringfellow, B.; Suaide, A.A.P.; Suarez, M.C.; Subba, N.L.; Šumbera, Michal; Sun, X.M.; Sun, Y.; Sun, Z.; Surrow, B.; Symons, T.J.M.; de Toledo, A. S.; Takahashi, J.; Tang, A.H.; Tang, Z.; Tarini, L.H.; Tarnowsky, T.; Thein, D.; Thomas, J.H.; Tian, J.; Timmins, A.R.; Timoshenko, S.; Tlustý, David; Tokarev, M. V.; Tram, V.N.; Trattner, A.L.; Trentalange, S.; Tribble, R. E.; Tsai, O.D.; Ulery, J.; Ullrich, T.; Underwood, D.G.; Van Buren, G.; van Leeuwen, M.; Molen, A.M.V.; Vanfossen, J.A.; Varma, R.; Vasconcelos, G.M.S.; Vasilevski, I.M.; Vasiliev, A.; Videbaek, F.; Vigdor, S.E.; Viyogi, Y. P.; Vokal, S.; Voloshin, S.A.; Wada, M.; Walker, M.; Wang, F.; Wang, G.; Wang, J.S.; Wang, Q.; Wang, X.; Wang, X.L.; Wang, Y.; Webb, G.; Webb, J.C.; Westfall, G.D.; Whitten, C.; Wieman, H.; Wissink, S.W.; Witt, R.; Wu, Y.; Xie, W.; Xu, N.; Xu, Q.H.; Xu, Y.; Xu, Z.; Yang, P.; Yepes, P.; Yip, K.; Yoo, I.K.; Yue, Q.; Zawisza, M.; Zbroszczyk, H.; Zhan, W.; Zhang, S.; Zhang, W.M.; Zhang, X.P.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Z.P.; Zhao, Y.; Zhong, C.; Zhou, J.; Zoulkarneev, R.; Zoulkarneeva, Y.; Zuo, J.X.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 103, č. 9 (2009), 092301/1-092301/6. ISSN 0031-9007 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA202/07/0079; GA MŠk LC07048; GA MŠk LA09013 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10480505; CEZ:AV0Z10100502 Keywords : heavy-ion collisions * strangeness * fluctuations Subject RIV: BG - Nuclear, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Colliders Impact factor: 7.328, year: 2009

  4. What Is Wrong With K-Everything?

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The flood of books, papers, conferences, and workshops about knowledge management, knowledge economy, knowledge workers, and knowledge society is incessant. Europe wants to become the best knowledge-based economy in the world. Millions of Euros are pumped every year in national and international research projects dedicated to k-something. This paper is in a certain way against the grain, aiming to demythologize some of the k-excitement.

  5. k-Odd mean labeling of prism

    B. Gayathri

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available ‎A $(p‎,‎q$ graph $G$ is said to have a $k$-odd mean‎ ‎labeling $(k ge 1$ if there exists an injection $f‎ : ‎V‎ ‎to {0‎, ‎1‎, ‎2‎, ‎ldots‎, ‎2k‎ + ‎2q‎ - ‎3}$ such that the‎ ‎induced map $f^*$ defined on $E$ by $f^*(uv =‎ ‎leftlceil frac{f(u+f(v}{2}rightrceil$ is a‎ ‎bijection from $E$ to ${2k - ‎‎‎1‎, ‎2k‎ + ‎1‎, ‎2k‎ + ‎3‎, ‎ldots‎, ‎2‎ ‎k‎ + ‎2q‎ - ‎3}$‎. ‎A graph that admits $k$-odd mean‎ ‎labeling is called $k$-odd mean graph‎. ‎In this paper‎, ‎we investigate $k$-odd mean labeling of prism $C_m times‎ ‎P_n$‎.

  6. Performance evaluation of various K- anonymity techniques

    Maheshwarkar, Nidhi; Pathak, Kshitij; Chourey, Vivekanand

    2011-12-01

    Today's advanced scenario where each information is available in one click, data security is the main aspect. Individual information which sometimes needs to be hiding is easily available using some tricks. Medical information, income details are needed to be kept away from adversaries and so, are stored in private tables. Some publicly released information contains zip code, sex, birth date. When this released information is linked with the private table, adversary can detect the whole confidential information of individuals or respondents, i.e. name, medical status. So to protect respondents identity, a new concept k-anonymity is used which means each released record has at least (k-1) other records in the release whose values are distinct over those fields that appear in the external data. K-anonymity can be achieved easily in case of single sensitive attributes i.e. name, salary, medical status, but it is quiet difficult when multiple sensitive attributes are present. Generalization and Suppression are used to achieve k-anonymity. This paper provides a formal introduction of k-anonymity and some techniques used with it l-diversity, t-closeness. This paper covers k-anonymity model and the comparative study of these concepts along with a new proposed concept for multiple sensitive attributes.

  7. CP Asymmetries in bar B -> bar K* (-> bar K pi) l+ l- and Untagged bar B_s,B_s -> phi (-> K+ K-) l+ l- Decays at NLO

    Bobeth, Christoph; Piranishvili, Giorgi

    2008-01-01

    The decay bar B -> bar K* (-> bar K pi) l+ l- offers great opportunities to explore the physics at and above the electroweak scale by means of an angular analysis. We investigate the physics potential of the seven CP asymmetries plus the asymmetry in the rate, working at low dilepton mass using QCD factorization at next-to leading order (NLO). The b ->s CP asymmetries are doubly Cabibbo-suppressed \\lesssim 1 % in the Standard Model and its extensions where the CKM matrix is the only source of CP violation. Three CP asymmetries are T-odd, and can be O(1) in the presence of non-standard CP violation. The T-even asymmetries can reach O(0.1), limited by the small strong phases in the large recoil region. We furthermore point out an easy way to measure CP phases from time-integrated, untagged bar B_d, B_d -> K* (-> K0 pi0) l+ l- and bar B_s,B_s -> phi (-> K+ K-) l+ l- decays. Analyses of these CP asymmetries can rule out, or further support the minimal description of CP violation through the CKM mechanism. Experim...

  8. K basins sludge removal sludge pretreatment system

    The Spent Nuclear Fuels Program is in the process of planning activities to remove spent nuclear fuel and other materials from the 100-K Basins as a remediation effort for clean closure. The 105 K- East and K-West Basins store spent fuel, sludge, and debris. Sludge has accumulated in the 1 00 K Basins as a result of fuel oxidation and a slight amount of general debris being deposited, by settling, in the basin water. The ultimate intent in removing the sludge and fuel is to eliminate the environmental risk posed by storing fuel at the K Basins. The task for this project is to disposition specific constituents of sludge (metallic fuel) to produce a product stream through a pretreatment process that will meet the requirements, including a final particle size acceptable to the Tank Waste Remediation System (TWRS). The purpose of this task is to develop a preconceptual design package for the K Basin sludge pretreatment system. The process equipment/system is at a preconceptual stage, as shown in sketch ES-SNF-01 , while a more refined process system and material/energy balances are ongoing (all sketches are shown in Appendix C). Thus, the overall process and 0535 associated equipment have been conservatively selected and sized, respectively, to establish the cost basis and equipment layout as shown in sketches ES- SNF-02 through 08

  9. Vitamin K status in cystic fibrosis patients

    Patrycja Krzyżanowska

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Vitamin K belongs to the family of fat-soluble vitamins and plays an important role in hemostasis, bone metabolism and may affect cerebral sphingolipid synthesis. It is a cofactor necessary for posttranslational γ-carboxylation of glutamyl residues in selected proteins such as the osteocalcin, and procoagulation factors II, VII, IX, X. Vitamin K deficient individuals appear to have more undercarboxylated proteins, which are functionally defective. The vitamin K deficiency has been frequently documented in patients with cystic fibrosis. The main possible causes of this deficiency include: fat malabsorption due to pancreatic exocrine insufficiency, cholestatic or  noncholestatic liver disease, reduced production of vitamin K by colonic flora related to chronic antibiotic treatments, bowel resections and increased mucous accumulation in the bowel. CF patients are more prone to osteopenia, caused by chronic vitamin K shortage, than to coagulopathy. Despite available evidence, which strongly suggests that all CF patients are at risk for developing vitamin K deficiency, its supplementation doses have not been established. Recent recommendations from Europe and the UK have suggested varied doses ranging from 0.3 mg/day to 10 mg/week. Further studies, both cross sectional and longitudinal interventional, are still required to determine routine and therapeutic supplementation doses.

  10. Study of $\\pi^{-}p$ Interactions at 85 GeV/c Leading to $K^{+}K^{+}K$^{-}K^{-}$ in the Final State - Search for New States

    2002-01-01

    The aim of this experiment is to study the properties of 2K|+2K|- systems and to search for new states produced centrally in the @p|-p collisions at 85 GeV/c. The experiment makes use of the high data rate capability of the upgraded @W' MWPC system and the large forward acceptance of the two hodoscoping Cerenkov counters. \\\\ \\\\ A sample of 20 M events was recorded using a selective trigger on 4 charged kaons with X~@$>$~0. Amongst the topics to be explored are : \\item a) Study of the @F@F(C=+1) and @F@F@p@+ mass spectrum including a search for the n^c; \\item b) Search for gluonium states decaying to K|+K|-, @F@F, @Ff', f'f'; \\item c) Study of @F production as a function of (X(F), p^t) and whether it prefers to be produced singly or in association with another @F; \\item d) Study of the KK@p, and KK@p@p systems including (i) a search for low-lying crypto exotic mesons (usds) predicted to decay to K|+K|-@p@+ or @F@p@+; (ii) a search for charmed-strange exotic mesons (udcs) predicted to decay into two kaons of th...

  11. Cathepsin K: a unique collagenolytic cysteine peptidase.

    Novinec, Marko; Lenarčič, Brigita

    2013-09-01

    Cathepsin K has emerged as a promising target for the treatment of osteoporosis in recent years. Initially identified as a papain-like cysteine peptidase expressed in high levels in osteoclasts, the important role of this enzyme in bone metabolism was highlighted by the finding that mutations in the CTSK gene cause the rare recessive disorder pycnodysostosis, which is characterized by severe bone anomalies. At the molecular level, the physiological role of cathepsin K is reflected by its unique cleavage pattern of type I collagen molecules, which is fundamentally different from that of other endogenous collagenases. Several cathepsin K inhibitors have been developed to reduce the excessive bone matrix degradation associated with osteoporosis, with the frontrunner odanacatib about to successfully conclude Phase 3 clinical trials. Apart from osteoclasts, cathepsin K is expressed in different cell types throughout the body and is involved in processes of adipogenesis, thyroxine liberation and peptide hormone regulation. Elevated activity of cathepsin K has been associated with arthritis, atherosclerosis, obesity, schizophrenia, and tumor metastasis. Accordingly, its activity is tightly regulated via multiple mechanisms, including competitive inhibition by endogenous macromolecular inhibitors and allosteric regulation by glycosaminoglycans. This review provides a state-of-the-art description of the activity of cathepsin K at the molecular level, its biological functions and the mechanisms involved in its regulation. PMID:23629523

  12. Statistical downscaling using K-nearest neighbors

    Gangopadhyay, Subhrendu; Clark, Martyn; Rajagopalan, Balaji

    2005-02-01

    Statistical downscaling provides a technique for deriving local-scale information of precipitation and temperature from numerical weather prediction model output. The K-nearest neighbor (K-nn) is a new analog-type approach that is used in this paper to downscale the National Centers for Environmental Prediction 1998 medium-range forecast model output. The K-nn algorithm queries days similar to a given feature vector in this archive and using empirical orthogonal function analysis identifies a subset of days (K) similar to the feature day. These K days are then weighted using a bisquare weight function and randomly sampled to generate ensembles. A set of 15 medium-range forecast runs was used, and seven ensemble members were generated from each run. The ensemble of 105 members was then used to select the local-scale precipitation and temperature values in four diverse basins across the contiguous United States. These downscaled precipitation and temperature estimates were subsequently analyzed to test the performance of this downscaling approach. The downscaled ensembles were evaluated in terms of bias, the ranked probability skill score as a measure of forecast skill, spatial covariability between stations, temporal persistence, consistency between variables, and conditional bias and to develop spread-skill relationships. Though this approach does not explicitly model the space-time variability of the weather fields at each individual station, the above statistics were extremely well captured. The K-nn method was also compared with a multiple-linear-regression-based downscaling model.

  13. Comparative proteomic analysis of differentially expressed proteins between K562 and K562/ADM cells

    SHEN Shao-hua; GU Long-jun; LIU Pei-qing; YE Xin; CHANG Wei-shan; LI Ben-shang

    2008-01-01

    Background Multidrug resistance to chemotherapeutic agents is an important clinical problem during the treatment of leukemia.The resistance process is multifactorial.To realize the totaI factors involved in multidrug resistance,we analyzed the differentially expressed proteins of K562 and K562/ADM cells and we investigated one of the up-regulated proteins(CRKL)using siRNA to determine its role in K562/ADM cells.Methods Altered protein expressions between K562/S(K562 ADM-sensitive cell line)and K562/ADM(K562 multidrug resistant cell line induced by adriamycin)were identified by 2D-DIGE coupled with mass spectrometry. Meanwhile,we confirmed the differential expression of CRKL and Stathmin in both K562 and K562/ADM cells by Western blot analysis.Furthermore,we used RNA interference to silence the CRKL gene expression.Results Among the 9 differentially expressed proteins,3 were up-regulated in K562/ADM cells,while 6 were down-regulated in the K562/ADM cells compared with its parent cell line.The expression of CRKL was up-regulated significantly in K562/ADM cells,and it can be decreased by recombinant lentivirus.Moreover,the multidrug resistance of K562/ADM cells was efficiently reversed by silence of CRKL gene expression.Conclusions The data provided the differentially expressed proteins jn K562 and jts resistant cell line and highlights the power of 2D-DIGE for the discovery of resistance markers in cancer.We found CRKL may be a new protein involved in the multidrug resistanse of leukaemia cells.

  14. K+-meson production in nuclei

    This report summarises the results of the physics programme, performed in the years 1998-2003, which became possible after taking into operation the ANKE spectrometer at an internal target position of the accelerator facility COSY-Juelich. Primary goal when building ANKE was to provide a tool which allows one to study processes leading to K+-meson production in interactions of protons with atomic nuclei, in particular at beam energies far below the free nucleon-nucleon threshold. From such data one hopes to extract information about the influence of the nuclear medium on elementary K+-production processes (i.e. in free proton-proton interactions), about the in-medium properties of this meson, and about collective effects in nuclear matter. The construction of ANKE and the K+-detection systems was started in 1989. After the integration of ANKE into the COSY accelerator ring in 1998, inclusive K+-momentum spectra were measured in a first series of experiments (p+A → K+X for different target nuclei A=C, Cu, Ag, Au). These data reveal a high degree of collectivity in the target nuclei and, for the first time, allow one to extract the nuclear potential (or ''in-medium mass'') of K+ mesons at normal nuclear density with high accuracy. The ANKE data on K+ production in proton-deuteron interactions indicate a large production cross section on neutrons, as compared to proton targets. This fact must be taken into account, e.g., for the theoretical description of heavy ion data. In the second phase of the experimental program, K+ mesons from protoncarbon interactions were measured in coincidence with protons and deuterons (p+C → K+ (p or d)X). These novel data yield information about the kaon production mechanisms and give evidence for cluster-formation processes. Corresponding coincidence data for proton-proton collisions (p+p → K+ anti K0 d) revealed that K anti K -pair production close to threshold is dominated by kaons produced in a relative S-wave. This has been

  15. Measurement of CP-Violating Asymmetries in the B0->K+K-K0 Dalitz Plot

    Aubert, B; Bóna, M; Boutigny, D; Couderc, F; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Poireau, V; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Graugès-Pous, E; Palano, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Battaglia, M; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Gill, M S; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadyk, J A; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kukartsev, G; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Ronan, M T; Wenzel, W A; Del Amo-Sánchez, P; Barrett, M; Ford, K E; Hart, A J; Harrison, T J; Hawkes, C M; Morgan, S E; Watson, A T; Held, T; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schröder, T; Steinke, M; Boyd, J T; Burke, J P; Cottingham, W N; Walker, D; Asgeirsson, D J; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Fulsom, B G; Hearty, C; Knecht, N S; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Khan, A; Kyberd, P; Saleem, M; Sherwood, D J; Teodorescu, L; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Druzhinin, V P; Golubev, V B; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Todyshev,Y K; Best, D S; Bondioli, M; Bruinsma, M; Chao, M; Curry, S; Eschrich, I; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Lund, P; Mandelkern, M A; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Abachi, S; Buchanan, C; Foulkes, S D; Gary, J W; Long, O; Shen, B C; Wang, K; Zhang, L; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Cunha, A; Dahmes, B; Hong, T M; Kovalskyi, D; Richman, J D; Beck, T W; Eisner, A M; Flacco, C J; Heusch, C A; Kroseberg, J; Lockman, W S; Nesom, G; Schalk, T; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Spradlin, P; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dvoretskii, A; Fang, F; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Piatenko, T; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Mishra, K; Sokoloff, M D; Blanc, F; Bloom, P C; Chen, S; Ford, W T; Hirschauer, J F; Kreisel, A; Nagel, M; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Ruddick, W O; Smith, J G; Ulmer, K A; Wagner, S R; Zhang, J; Chen, A; Eckhart, E A; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Winklmeier, F; Zeng, Q; Altenburg, D D; Feltresi, E; Hauke, A; Jasper, H; Merkel, J; Petzold, A; Spaan, B; Brandt, T; Klose, V; Lacker, H M; Mader, W F; Nogowski, R; Schubert, J; Schubert, K R; Schwierz, R; Sundermann, J E; Volk, A; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Latour, E; Thiebaux, C; Verderi, M; Clark, P J; Gradl, W; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Robertson, A I; Xie, Y; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Petrella, A; Piemontese, L; Prencipe, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Finocchiaro, G; Pacetti, S; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Rama, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Capra, R; Contri, R; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Brandenburg, G; Chaisanguanthum, K S; Morii, M; Wu, J; Dubitzky, R S; Marks, J; Schenk, S; Uwer, U; Bard, D J; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Flack, R L; Nash, J A; Nikolich, M B; Panduro-Vazquez, W; Behera, P K; Chai, X; Charles, M J; Mallik, U; Meyer, N T; Ziegler, V; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Dong, L; Eyges, V; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Rubin, A E; Gritsan, A V; Denig, A G; Fritsch, M; Schott, G; Arnaud, N; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Oyanguren, A; Pruvot, S; Rodier, S; Roudeau, P; Schune, M H; Stocchi, A; Wang, W F; Wormser, G; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Chavez, C A; Forster, I J; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, E; Gamet, R; George, K A; Hutchcroft, D E; Payne, D J; Schofield, K C; Touramanis, C; Bevan, A J; Di Lodovico, F; Menges, W; Sacco, R; Cowan, G; Flächer, H U; Hopkins, D A; Jackson, P S; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Wren, A C; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, N R; Barlow, R J; Chia, Y M; Edgar, C L; Lafferty, G D; Naisbit, M T; Williams, J C; Yi, J I; Chen, C; Hulsbergen, W D; Jawahery, A; Lae, C K; Roberts, D A; Simi, G; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Hertzbach, S S; Li, X; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Sekula, S J; Spitznagel, M; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Kim, H; Mclachlin, S E; Patel, P M; Robertson, S H; Lazzaro, A; Lombardo, V; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Brunet, S; Côté, D; Simard, M; Taras, P; Viaud, F B; Nicholson, H; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Monorchio, D; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; Snoek, H L; Jessop, C P; LoSecco, J M; Allmendinger, T; Benelli, G; Corwin, L A; Gan, K K; Honscheid, K; Hufnagel, D; Jackson, P D; Kagan, H; Kass, R; Rahimi, A M; Regensburger, J J; Ter-Antonian, R; Wong, Q K; Blount, N L; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Igonkina, O; Kolb, J A; Lu, M; Rahmat, R; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Strube, J; Torrence, E; Gaz, A; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Pompili, A; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F

    2006-01-01

    We present a preliminary measurement of CP-violation parameters in the decay B0 -> K+K-K0, using approximately 347 million BBbar events collected by the BABAR detector at SLAC. Reconstructing the neutral kaon as KS -> pi+pi-, KS -> pi0pi0, or KL, we analyze the Dalitz plot distribution and measure fractions to intermediate states. We extract CP parameters from the asymmetries in amplitudes and phases between B0 and B0bar decays across the Dalitz plot. For decays to phiK0, we find beta_eff=0.06 +/- 0.16 +/- 0.05, Acp=-0.18 +/- 0.20 +/- 0.10, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second one is systematic. For decays to f0K0, we find beta_eff=0.18 +/- 0.19 +/- 0.04, Acp=0.45 +/- 0.28 +/- 0.10. Combining all KKK0 events and taking account of the different CP eigenvalues of the individual Dalitz plot components, we find beta_eff = 0.361 +/- 0.079 +/- 0.037, Acp = -0.034 +/- 0.079 +/- 0.025. The trigonometric reflection at pi/2 - beta_eff is disfavored at 4.6 sigma. We also study angular distributions ...

  16. Force key comparison CCM.F-K2.a.1 (50 kN and 100 kN)

    Savarin, A.; Medina, N.; Knott, A.

    2016-01-01

    This report describes CIPM key comparison CCM.F-K2.a.1, a key comparison between force standard machines at the national measurement institutes of Argentina (INTI), Spain (CEM), and the United Kingdom (NPL), at generated forces of 50 kN and 100 kN, in the period from 2010 to 2012. Two transducers were used and the force-time profile was strictly controlled, to minimise effects of creep. The final results are linked to the KCRV determined in CIPM Key Comparison CCM.F-K2.a through the use of one common deadweight force standard machine (NPL's 120 kN machine) in the two comparison exercises. Main text To reach the main text of this paper, click on Final Report. Note that this text is that which appears in Appendix B of the BIPM key comparison database kcdb.bipm.org/. The final report has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication by the CCM, according to the provisions of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement (CIPM MRA).

  17. Observation of chi(cJ) decaying into the p(p)over-barK(+)K(-) final state

    Ablikim, M.; Achasov, M. N.; Alberto, D.; An, L.; An, Q.; An, Z. H.; Bai, J. Z.; Baldini, R.; Ban, Y.; Becker, J.; Berger, N.; Bertani, M.; Bian, J. M.; Bondarenko, O.; Boyko, I.; Briere, R. A.; Bytev, V.; Cai, X.; Cao, G. F.; Cao, X. X.; Chang, J. F.; Chelkov, G.; Chen, G.; Chen, H. S.; Chen, J. C.; Chen, M. L.; Chen, S. J.; Chen, Y.; Chen, Y. B.; Cheng, H. P.; Chu, Y. P.; Cronin-Hennessy, D.; Dai, H. L.; Dai, J. P.; Dedovich, D.; Deng, Z. Y.; Denysenko, I.; Destefanis, M.; Ding, Y.; Dong, L. Y.; Dong, M. Y.; Du, S. X.; Fan, R. R.; Fang, J.; Fang, S. S.; Feng, C. Q.; Fu, C. D.; Fu, J. L.; Gao, Y.; Geng, C.; Goetzen, K.; Gong, W. X.; Greco, M.; Grishin, S.; Gu, M. H.; Gu, Y. T.; Guan, Y. H.; Guo, A. Q.; Guo, L. B.; Guo, Y. P.; Hao, X. Q.; Harris, F. A.; He, K. L.; He, M.; He, Z. Y.; Heng, Y. K.; Hou, Z. L.; Hu, H. M.; Hu, J. F.; Hu, T.; Huang, B.; Huang, G. M.; Huang, J. S.; Huang, X. T.; Huang, Y. P.; Hussain, T.; Ji, C. S.; Ji, Q.; Ji, X. B.; Ji, X. L.; Jia, L. K.; Jiang, L. L.; Jiang, X. S.; Jiao, J. B.; Jiao, Z.; Jin, D. P.; Jin, S.; Jing, F. F.; Kalantar-Nayestanaki, N.; Kavatsyuk, M.; Komamiya, S.; Kuehn, W.; Lange, J. S.; Leung, J. K. C.; Li, Cheng; Li, Cui; Li, D. M.; Li, F.; Li, G.; Li, H. B.; Li, J. C.; Li, Lei; Li, N. B.; Li, Q. J.; Li, W. D.; Li, W. G.; Li, X. L.; Li, X. N.; Li, X. Q.; Li, X. R.; Li, Z. B.; Liang, H.; Liang, Y. F.; Liang, Y. T.; Liao, G. R.; Liao, X. T.; Liu, B. J.; Liu, B. J.; Liu, C. L.; Liu, C. X.; Liu, C. Y.; Liu, F. H.; Liu, Fang; Liu, G. C.; Liu, H.; Liu, H. B.; Liu, H. M.; Liu, H. W.; Liu, J. P.; Liu, K.; Liu, K. Y.; Liu, Q.; Liu, S. B.; Liu, X.; Liu, X. H.; Liu, Y. B.; Liu, Y. W.; Liu, Yong; Liu, Z. A.; Liu, Z. Q.; Loehner, H.; Lu, G. R.; Lu, H. J.; Lu, J. G.; Lu, Q. W.; Lu, X. R.; Lu, Y. P.; Luo, C. L.; Luo, M. X.; Luo, T.; Luo, X. L.; Ma, C. L.; Ma, F. C.; Ma, H. L.; Ma, Q. M.; Ma, T.; Ma, X.; Ma, X. Y.; Maggiora, M.; Malik, Q. A.; Mao, H.; Mao, Y. J.; Mao, Z. P.; Messchendorp, J. G.; Min, J.; Mitchell, R. E.; Mo, X. H.; Muchnoi, N. Yu.; Nefedov, Y.; Ning, Z.; Olsen, S. L.; Ouyang, Q.; Pacetti, S.; Pelizaeus, M.; Peters, K.; Ping, J. L.; Ping, R. G.; Poling, R.; Pun, C. S. J.; Qi, M.; Qian, S.; Qiao, C. F.; Qin, X. S.; Qiu, J. F.; Rashid, K. H.; Rong, G.; Ruan, X. D.; Sarantsev, A.; Schulze, J.; Shao, M.; Shen, C. P.; Shen, X. Y.; Sheng, H. Y.; Shepherd, M. R.; Song, X. Y.; Sonoda, S.; Spataro, S.; Spruck, B.; Sun, D. H.; Sun, G. X.; Sun, J. F.; Sun, S. S.; Sun, X. D.; Sun, Y. J.; Sun, Y. Z.; Sun, Z. J.; Sun, Z. T.; Tang, C. J.; Tang, X.; Tang, X. F.; Tian, H. L.; Toth, D.; Varner, G. S.; Wan, X.; Wang, B. Q.; Wang, K.; Wang, L. L.; Wang, L. S.; Wang, M.; Wang, P.; Wang, P. L.; Wang, Q.; Wang, S. G.; Wang, X. L.; Wang, Y. D.; Wang, Y. F.; Wang, Y. Q.; Wang, Z.; Wang, Z. G.; Wang, Z. Y.; Wei, D. H.; Wen, Q. G.; Wen, S. P.; Wiedner, U.; Wu, L. H.; Wu, N.; Wu, W.; Wu, Z.; Xiao, Z. J.; Xie, Y. G.; Xu, G. F.; Xu, G. M.; Xu, H.; Xu, Y.; Xu, Z. R.; Xu, Z. Z.; Xue, Z.; Yan, L.; Yan, W. B.; Yan, Y. H.; Yang, H. X.; Yang, M.; Yang, T.; Yang, Y.; Yang, Y. X.; Ye, M.; Ye, M. H.; Yu, B. X.; Yu, C. X.; Yu, L.; Yuan, C. Z.; Yuan, W. L.; Yuan, Y.; Zafar, A. A.; Zallo, A.; Zeng, Y.; Zhang, B. X.; Zhang, B. Y.; Zhang, C. C.; Zhang, D. H.; Zhang, H. H.; Zhang, H. Y.; Zhang, J.; Zhang, J. W.; Zhang, J. Y.; Zhang, J. Z.; Zhang, L.; Zhang, S. H.; Zhang, T. R.; Zhang, X. J.; Zhang, X. Y.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhang, Z. P.; Zhang, Z. Y.; Zhao, G.; Zhao, H. S.; Zhao, Jiawei; Zhao, Jingwei; Zhao, Lei; Zhao, Ling; Zhao, M. G.; Zhao, Q.; Zhao, S. J.; Zhao, T. C.; Zhao, X. H.; Zhao, Y. B.; Zhao, Z. G.; Zhao, Z. L.; Zhemchugov, A.; Zheng, B.; Zheng, J. P.; Zheng, Y. H.; Zheng, Z. P.; Zhong, B.; Zhong, J.; Zhong, L.; Zhou, L.; Zhou, X. K.; Zhou, X. R.; Zhu, C.; Zhu, K.; Zhu, K. J.; Zhu, S. H.; Zhu, X. L.; Zhu, X. W.; Zhu, Y. S.; Zhu, Z. A.; Zhuang, J.; Zou, B. S.; Zou, J. H.; Zuo, J. X.; Zweber, P.

    2011-01-01

    First measurements of the decays of the three chi(cJ) states to p (p) over barK(+)K(-) final states are presented. Intermediate phi -> K+K- and Lambda(1520) -> pK(-) resonance states are observed, and branching fractions for chi(cJ) -> (p) over barK(+) Lambda(1520), Lambda(1520)(Lambda) over bar (15

  18. The rare decays B --> K(*) anti-K(*) and R-parity violating supersymmetry

    Wang, R; Wang, E K; Yang, Y D; Wang, Rumin; Wang, En-Ke; Yang, Ya-Dong

    2006-01-01

    We study the branching ratios, the direct CP asymmetries in $B\\to K^{(*)}\\bar{K}^{(*)}$ decays and the polarization fractions of $B\\to K^{*}\\bar{K}^{*}$ decays by employing the QCD factorization in the minimal supersymmetric standard model with R-parity violation. We derive the new upper bounds on the relevant R-parity violating couplings from the latest experimental data of $B\\to K^{(*)}\\bar{K}^{(*)}$, and some of these constraints are stronger than the existing bounds. Using the constrained parameter spaces, we predict the R-parity violating effects on the other quantities in $B\\to K^{(*)}\\bar{K}^{(*)}$ decays which have not been measured yet. We find that the R-parity violating effects on the branching ratios and the direct $CP$ asymmetries could be large, nevertheless their effects on the longitudinal polarizations of $B\\to K^{*}\\bar{K}^{*}$ decays are small. Near future experiments can test these predictions and shrink the parameter spaces.

  19. Overview of Air Liquide refrigeration systems between 1.8 K and 200 K

    Cryogenic refrigeration systems are necessary for numerous applications. Gas purification and distillation require temperatures between 15 K and 200 K depending on the application, space simulation chambers down to 15 K, superconductivity between 1.8 K and up to 75 K (magnets, cavities or HTS devices like cables, FCL, SMES, etc), Cold Neutron Sources between 15 and 20 K, etc. Air Liquide Advanced Technologies is designing and manufacturing refrigerators since 60 years to satisfy those needs. The step by step developments achieved have led to machines with higher efficiency and reliability. In 1965, reciprocating compressors and Joule Thomson expansion valves were used. In 1969, centripetal expanders began to be used. In 1980, oil lubricated screw compressors took the place of reciprocating compressors and a standard range of Claude cycle refrigerators was developed: the HELIAL series. 1980 was also the time for cryogenic centrifugal compressor development. In 2011, driven by the need for lower operational cost (high efficiency and low maintenance), cycle oil free centrifugal compressors on magnetic bearings were introduced instead of screw compressors. The power extracted by centripetal expanders was recovered. Based on this technology, a range of Turbo-Brayton refrigerators has been designed for temperatures between 40 K and 150 K. On-going development will enable widening the range of Turbo-Brayton refrigerators to cryogenic temperatures down to 15 K.. Cryogenic centrifugal circulators have been developed in order to answer to an increasing demand of 4 K refrigerators able to distribute cold power

  20. Experiments on Hypothesis "Fuzzy K-Means is Better than K-Means for Clustering"

    Srinivas Sivarathri

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Clustering is one of the data mining techniques that have been around to discover business intelligence by grouping objects into clusters using a similarity measure. Clustering is an unsupervised learning process that has many utilities in real time applications in the fields of marketing, biology, libraries, insurance,city-planning, earthquake studies and document clustering. Latent trends and relationships among data objects can be unearthed using clustering algorithms. Many clustering algorithms came into existence.However, the quality of clusters has to be given paramount importance. The quality objective is to achieve highest similarity between objects of same cluster and lowest similarity between objects of different clusters. In this context, we studied two widely used clustering algorithms such as the K-Means and Fuzzy K-Means. K-Means is an exclusive clustering algorithm while the Fuzzy K-Means is an overlapping clustering algorithm. In this paper we prove the hypothesis “Fuzzy K-Means is better than K-Means for Clustering” through both literature and empirical study. We built a prototype application to demonstrate the differences between the two clustering algorithms. The experiments are made on diabetes dataset obtained from the UCI repository. The empirical results reveal that the performance of Fuzzy K-Means is better than that of K-means in terms of quality or accuracy of clusters. Thus, our empirical study proved the hypothesis “Fuzzy K-Means is better than K-Means for Clustering”

  1. Semi-inclusive B->K(K*)X decays with initial bound state effects

    The effects of the initial b quark bound state for the semi-inclusive decays B->K(K*)X are studied using light cone expansion and heavy quark effective theory methods. We find that the initial bound state effects on the branching ratios and CP asymmetries are small. In the light cone expansion approach, the CP-averaged branching ratios are increased by about 2% with respect to the free b-quark decay. For {bar B}0->K-(K*-)X, the CP-averaged branching ratios are sensitive to the phase γ and the CP asymmetry can be as large as 7% (14%), whereas for B-->{bar K}0({bar K}*0)X the CP-averaged branching ratios are not sensitive to γ and the CP asymmetries are small (-4 [(0.25 - 2.0)x10-4] for {bar B}0->K-(K*-)X and (0.77 - 0.84)x10-4 [(0.67 - 0.74)x10-4] for B-->{bar K}0({bar K}*0)X, depending on the value of the CP violating phase γ. In the heavy quark effective theory approach, we find that the branching ratios are decreased by about 10% and the CP asymmetries are not affected. These predictions can be tested in the near future

  2. Geleneksel Cumalıkızık Evlerinde Ahşap Konut Sistemi

    Z. Sevgen PERKER

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Kırsal mimarinin önemli örneklerinden olan Cumalıkızık, Osmanlı’nın Bursa’yı ele geçirmesinden sonra Kayı Boyu Türkleri’nden Kızıklar’ın kurduğu 7 köyden biridir. Cumalıkızık, geleneksel yaşam biçimi, doğal güzellikleri, tarihi anıtları, organik sokak dokusu ve özgün sivil mimari örneği olan geleneksel konutları ile ulusal ve uluslararası alanda kültürel miras olarak önem taşıyan bir yerleşimdir. Cumalıkızık’da Osmanlı dönemi kırsal mimarisinin önemli örnekleri olan geleneksel ahşap konutlar bulunmaktadır. Bu çalışmada Cumalıkızık geleneksel ahşap konut sisteminin incelenmesi amaçlanmaktadır.

  3. Overview of Air Liquide refrigeration systems between 1.8 K and 200 K

    Gondrand, C.; Durand, F.; Delcayre, F.; Crispel, S. [AL-AT, 2 rue de Clémencières, 38360 Sassenage (France); Baguer, G. M. Gistau [CRYOGUY, 44, chemin de la Buisse, 38330 Biviers (France)

    2014-01-29

    Cryogenic refrigeration systems are necessary for numerous applications. Gas purification and distillation require temperatures between 15 K and 200 K depending on the application, space simulation chambers down to 15 K, superconductivity between 1.8 K and up to 75 K (magnets, cavities or HTS devices like cables, FCL, SMES, etc), Cold Neutron Sources between 15 and 20 K, etc. Air Liquide Advanced Technologies is designing and manufacturing refrigerators since 60 years to satisfy those needs. The step by step developments achieved have led to machines with higher efficiency and reliability. In 1965, reciprocating compressors and Joule Thomson expansion valves were used. In 1969, centripetal expanders began to be used. In 1980, oil lubricated screw compressors took the place of reciprocating compressors and a standard range of Claude cycle refrigerators was developed: the HELIAL series. 1980 was also the time for cryogenic centrifugal compressor development. In 2011, driven by the need for lower operational cost (high efficiency and low maintenance), cycle oil free centrifugal compressors on magnetic bearings were introduced instead of screw compressors. The power extracted by centripetal expanders was recovered. Based on this technology, a range of Turbo-Brayton refrigerators has been designed for temperatures between 40 K and 150 K. On-going development will enable widening the range of Turbo-Brayton refrigerators to cryogenic temperatures down to 15 K.. Cryogenic centrifugal circulators have been developed in order to answer to an increasing demand of 4 K refrigerators able to distribute cold power.

  4. Overview of Air Liquide refrigeration systems between 1.8 K and 200 K

    Gondrand, C.; Durand, F.; Delcayre, F.; Crispel, S.; Baguer, G. M. Gistau

    2014-01-01

    Cryogenic refrigeration systems are necessary for numerous applications. Gas purification and distillation require temperatures between 15 K and 200 K depending on the application, space simulation chambers down to 15 K, superconductivity between 1.8 K and up to 75 K (magnets, cavities or HTS devices like cables, FCL, SMES, etc), Cold Neutron Sources between 15 and 20 K, etc. Air Liquide Advanced Technologies is designing and manufacturing refrigerators since 60 years to satisfy those needs. The step by step developments achieved have led to machines with higher efficiency and reliability. In 1965, reciprocating compressors and Joule Thomson expansion valves were used. In 1969, centripetal expanders began to be used. In 1980, oil lubricated screw compressors took the place of reciprocating compressors and a standard range of Claude cycle refrigerators was developed: the HELIAL series. 1980 was also the time for cryogenic centrifugal compressor development. In 2011, driven by the need for lower operational cost (high efficiency and low maintenance), cycle oil free centrifugal compressors on magnetic bearings were introduced instead of screw compressors. The power extracted by centripetal expanders was recovered. Based on this technology, a range of Turbo-Brayton refrigerators has been designed for temperatures between 40 K and 150 K. On-going development will enable widening the range of Turbo-Brayton refrigerators to cryogenic temperatures down to 15 K.. Cryogenic centrifugal circulators have been developed in order to answer to an increasing demand of 4 K refrigerators able to distribute cold power.

  5. Rapid internalization of the oncogenic K+ channel K(V10.1.

    Tobias Kohl

    Full Text Available K(V10.1 is a mammalian brain voltage-gated potassium channel whose ectopic expression outside of the brain has been proven relevant for tumor biology. Promotion of cancer cell proliferation by K(V10.1 depends largely on ion flow, but some oncogenic properties remain in the absence of ion permeation. Additionally, K(V10.1 surface populations are small compared to large intracellular pools. Control of protein turnover within cells is key to both cellular plasticity and homeostasis, and therefore we set out to analyze how endocytic trafficking participates in controlling K(V10.1 intracellular distribution and life cycle. To follow plasma membrane K(V10.1 selectively, we generated a modified channel of displaying an extracellular affinity tag for surface labeling by α-bungarotoxin. This modification only minimally affected K(V10.1 electrophysiological properties. Using a combination of microscopy and biochemistry techniques, we show that K(V10.1 is constitutively internalized involving at least two distinct pathways of endocytosis and mainly sorted to lysosomes. This occurs at a relatively fast rate. Simultaneously, recycling seems to contribute to maintain basal K(V10.1 surface levels. Brief K(V10.1 surface half-life and rapid lysosomal targeting is a relevant factor to be taken into account for potential drug delivery and targeting strategies directed against K(V10.1 on tumor cells.

  6. On $(\\le k)$-edges, crossings, and halving lines of geometric drawings of $K_n$

    Ábrego, Bernardo M; Fernández-Merchant, Silvia; Leaños, Jesús; Salazar, Gelasio

    2011-01-01

    Let $P$ be a set of points in general position in the plane. Join all pairs of points in $P$ with straight line segments. The number of segment-crossings in such a drawing, denoted by $\\crg(P)$, is the \\emph{rectilinear crossing number} of $P$. A \\emph{halving line} of $P$ is a line passing though two points of $P$ that divides the rest of the points of $P$ in (almost) half. The number of halving lines of $P$ is denoted by $h(P)$. Similarly, a $k$\\emph{-edge}, $0\\leq k\\leq n/2-1$, is a line passing through two points of $P$ and leaving exactly $k$ points of $P$ on one side. The number of $(\\le k)$-edges of $P$ is denoted by $E_{\\leq k}(P) $. Let $\\rcr(n)$, $h(n)$, and $E_{\\leq k}(n) $ denote the minimum of $\\crg(P)$, the maximum of $h(P)$, and the minimum of $E_{\\leq k}(P) $, respectively, over all sets $P$ of $n$ points in general position in the plane. We show that the previously best known lower bound on $E_{\\leq k}(n)$ is tight for $k<\\lceil (4n-2) /9\\rceil $ and improve it for all $k\\geq \\lceil (4n-2)...

  7. On the book thickness of $k$-trees

    Dujmović, Vida

    2009-01-01

    Every $k$-tree has book thickness at most $k+1$, and this bound is best possible for all $k\\geq3$. Vandenbussche et al. (2009) proved that every $k$-tree that has a smooth degree-3 tree decomposition with width $k$ has book thickness at most $k$. We prove this result is best possible for $k\\geq 4$, by constructing a $k$-tree with book thickness $k+1$ that has a smooth degree-4 tree decomposition with width $k$. This solves an open problem of Vandenbussche et al. (2009)

  8. Characterization of two 20kDa-cement protein (cp20k homologues in Amphibalanus amphitrite.

    Li-Sheng He

    Full Text Available The barnacle, Amphibalanus amphitrite, is a common marine fouling organism. Understanding the mechanism of barnacle adhesion will be helpful in resolving the fouling problem. Barnacle cement is thought to play a key role in barnacle attachment. Although several adult barnacle cement proteins have been identified in Megabalanus rosa, little is known about their function in barnacle settlement. In this study, two homologous 20k-cement proteins (cp20k in Amphibalanus amphitrite, named Bamcp20k-1 and Bamcp20k-2, were characterized. The two homologues share primary sequence structure with proteins from other species including Megabalanus rosa and Fistulobalanus albicostatus. The conserved structure included repeated Cys domains and abundant charged amino acids, such as histidine. In this study we demonstrated that Bamcp20k-1 localized at the α secretory cells in the cyprid cement gland, while Bamcp20k-2 localized to the β secretory cells. The differential localizations suggest differential regulation for secretion from the secretory cells. Both Bamcp20k-1 and Bamcp20k-2 from cyprids dissolved in PBS. However, adult Bamcp20k-2, which was dominant in the basal shell of adult barnacles, was largely insoluble in PBS. Solubility increased in the presence of the reducing reagent Dithiothreitol (DTT, suggesting that the formation of disulfide bonds plays a role in Bamcp20k-2 function. In comparison, Bamcp20k-1, which was enriched in soft tissue, could not be easily detected in the shell and base by Western blot and easily dissolved in PBS. These differential solubilities and localizations indicate that Bamcp20k-1 and Bamcp20k-2 have distinct functions in barnacle cementing.

  9. Characterization of Two 20kDa-Cement Protein (cp20k) Homologues in Amphibalanus amphitrite

    He, Li-Sheng

    2013-05-22

    The barnacle, Amphibalanus amphitrite, is a common marine fouling organism. Understanding the mechanism of barnacle adhesion will be helpful in resolving the fouling problem. Barnacle cement is thought to play a key role in barnacle attachment. Although several adult barnacle cement proteins have been identified in Megabalanus rosa, little is known about their function in barnacle settlement. In this study, two homologous 20k-cement proteins (cp20k) in Amphibalanus amphitrite, named Bamcp20k-1 and Bamcp20k-2, were characterized. The two homologues share primary sequence structure with proteins from other species including Megabalanus rosa and Fistulobalanus albicostatus. The conserved structure included repeated Cys domains and abundant charged amino acids, such as histidine. In this study we demonstrated that Bamcp20k-1 localized at the α secretory cells in the cyprid cement gland, while Bamcp20k-2 localized to the β secretory cells. The differential localizations suggest differential regulation for secretion from the secretory cells. Both Bamcp20k-1 and Bamcp20k-2 from cyprids dissolved in PBS. However, adult Bamcp20k-2, which was dominant in the basal shell of adult barnacles, was largely insoluble in PBS. Solubility increased in the presence of the reducing reagent Dithiothreitol (DTT), suggesting that the formation of disulfide bonds plays a role in Bamcp20k-2 function. In comparison, Bamcp20k-1, which was enriched in soft tissue, could not be easily detected in the shell and base by Western blot and easily dissolved in PBS. These differential solubilities and localizations indicate that Bamcp20k-1 and Bamcp20k-2 have distinct functions in barnacle cementing. © 2013 He et al.

  10. Search for nucleon decay p→nuK+, p→nuK/sup*+/ and n→nuK/sup *0/

    A search for events consistent with the nucleon decays p→nuK+, p→nuK/sup *+/ and n→nuK/sup *0/ was undertaken in a 8000 metric ton water Cherenkov detector with a 3300 metric ton fiducial volume (2.0 x 1033 nucleons). In 202 days of lifetime, 148 events originating in the fiducial volume and with relativistic ionization loss in the range 150 to 2000 MeV were found. The rate and characteristics of these events are consistent with expectations from neutrino interactions. Events consistent with the above nucleon decay modes are also consistent with the expected neutrino interactions. Without performing a background subtraction, lower limits on the partial lifetimes at the 90% confidence level are obtained

  11. On the Monotonicity of (k; g, h)-graphs

    Bao-guang Xu; Ping Wang; Jian-fang Wang

    2002-01-01

    A (k;g)-graph is a k-regular graph with girth g. A (k;g)-cage is a (k;g)-graph with the least possible number of vertices. Let f(k;g) denote the number of vertices in a (k;g)-cage. The girth pair of a graph gives the length of a shortest odd and a shortest even cycle. A k-regular graph with girth pair (g,h) is called a (k;g,h)-graph.A (k;g,h)-cage is a (k;g,h)-graph with the least possible number of vertices. Let f(k;g,h) denote the number of vertices in a (k;g,h)-cage. In this paper, we prove the following strict inequality f(k;h-1,h)<f(k,h), k≥3, h≥4.

  12. Insulation Coordination of ±1 000 kV/± 100 kV UHVDC Converter Stations

    NIE Dingzhen; MA Weimin; YU Shifeng; ZHANG Jiwei

    2012-01-01

    The study result on insulation coordination of ± 1 000 kV and higher voltage grade ultra-high voltage (UHV) DC converter stations is presented. Aiming at the ± 1 000 kV UHVDC system, influences on arrester configuration and converter transformers insulation levels of converters 'connections are discussed based on three schemes of serial converters structure: 500 kV+500 kV scheme, 667 kVq-333 kV scheme and 400 kV+400 kV+200 kV scheme. Comparing with the 500 kV+500 kV scheme, the 667 kV+333 kV scheme cannot reduce the maximum insulation level significantly and would bring problems to valve hall layout and operation controlling. The 400 kV+ 400 kV--200 kV scheme has no economic advantage as it increases land occupation and amount of equipments. According to comprehensive comparison, the 500 kV + 500 kV scheme is recommended for ±1 000 kV UHVDC projects, and it is also suitable for higher voltage grade DC systems. According to system conditions of 1 100 kV, the switching impulse withstanding level (SIWL) of 2 100 kV and the lightning impulse withstanding level (LIWL) of 2 350 kV are feasible for ± 1 100 kV UHVDC project, judging from the insulation levels. Meanwhile, arresters with higher performance are needed.

  13. LHCb: Evidence of CP violation in charmless three-body decays $B^\\pm\\rightarrow K^\\pm\\pi^+\\pi^-$, $B^\\pm\\rightarrow K^\\pm K^+K^-$, $B^\\pm\\rightarrow K^+ K^-\\pi^\\pm$ and $B^\\pm\\rightarrow \\pi^\\pm\\pi^+\\pi^-$

    Lopes, J H

    2013-01-01

    Evidence of CP violation in charmless three-body decays $B^\\pm\\rightarrow K^\\pm\\pi^+\\pi^-$, $B^\\pm\\rightarrow K^\\pm K^+K^-$, $B^\\pm\\rightarrow K^+ K^-\\pi^\\pm$ and $B^\\pm\\rightarrow \\pi^\\pm\\pi^+\\pi^-$

  14. k-Connectivity of Random Key Graphs

    Zhao, Jun; Gligor, Virgil

    2015-01-01

    Random key graphs represent topologies of secure wireless sensor networks that apply the seminal Eschenauer-Gligor random key predistribution scheme to secure communication between sensors. These graphs have received much attention and also been used in diverse application areas beyond secure sensor networks; e.g., cryptanalysis, social networks, and recommender systems. Formally, a random key graph with $n$ nodes is constructed by assigning each node $X_n$ keys selected uniformly at random from a pool of $Y_n$ keys and then putting an undirected edge between any two nodes sharing at least one key. Considerable progress has been made in the literature to analyze connectivity and $k$-connectivity of random key graphs, where $k$-connectivity of a graph ensures connectivity even after the removal of $k$ nodes or $k$ edges. Yet, it still remains an open question for $k$-connectivity in random key graphs under $X_n \\geq 2$ and $X_n = o(\\sqrt{\\ln n})$ (the case of $X_n=1$ is trivial). In this paper, we answer the a...

  15. K2 Microlensing and Campaign 9

    Penny, Matthew

    2016-06-01

    Campaign 9 of K2 will observe a contiguous 3.7 deg^2 region of the Galactic bulge in order to search for microlensing events and measure microlens parallaxes. It will also perform targeted follow-up of approximately 50 microlensing events spread throughout the Kepler focal plane. Parallax measurements are a critical ingredient for measurements of both the lens mass and distance, which contribute to our understanding of the formation of cold exoplanets, and the formation of planets as a function of Galactic environment. Additionally, as the first un-targeted, space-based microlensing survey, K2C9 offers us the first chance to measure the masses and kinematics of a large population of free-floating planet candidates, whose large abundance has been a puzzle since their discovery.I will review the scientific goals of the K2C9 survey, which will be well underway, and report on the ongoing activity of the K2 Campaign 9 Microlensing Science Team and the wider microlensing community, with a focus on the progress that has been made towards analyzing K2 data in crowded fields.

  16. K-shell fluorescence yields and their uncertainties for use in hybrid K-edge densitometry

    Hybrid K-edge densitometry (HKED) is a nondestructive analytical assay technique used to provide rapid determination of actinide concentration in tank solutions. Of special interest for HKED is the estimation, along with associated uncertainties, of the ratio of the fluorescence yields, ωK, of uranium and plutonium. Limited experimental data for ωK(Z) as a function of atomic number, Z, exist and the data are subject to experimental uncertainty. Previous studies have provided values for ωK(Z) with uncertainty estimates but have not included covariance information. We use a phenomenological model with a bootstrapping method to generate the ratio ωK(94)/ωK(92) and associated uncertainty. (author)

  17. Study of $\\psi(2S)$ decays into $\\gamma K^+K^-$ and $\\gamma \\pi^+\\pi^-$

    Ablikim, M; Bai, J Z; Ban, Y; Cai, X; Chen, H F; Chen, H S; Chen, H X; Chen, J C; Chen, Jin; Chen, Y B; Chu, Y P; Dai, Y S; Diao, L Y; Deng, Z Y; Dong, Q F; Du, S X; Fang, J; Fang, S S; Fu, C D; Gao, C S; Gao, Y N; Gu, S D; Gu, Y T; Guo, Y N; Guo, Z J; Harris, F A; LHe, K; He, M; Heng, Y K; Hou, J; Hu, H M; Hu, J H; Hu, T; Huang, X T; Ji, X B; Jiang, X S; Jiang, X Y; Jiao, J B; Jin, D P; Jin, S; Lai, Y F; Li, G; Li, H B; Li, J; Li, R Y; Li, S M; Li, W D; Li, W G; Li, X L; Li, X N; Li, X Q; Liang, Y F; Liao, H B; Liu, B J; Liu, C X; Liu, F; Liu, Fang; Liu, H H; Liu, H M; Liu, J; Liu, J B; Liu, J P; Liu, Jian; Liu, Q; Liu, R G; Liu, Z A; Lou, Y C; Lu, F; Lu, G R; Lu, J G; Lundborg, A; Luo, C L; Ma, F C; Ma, H L; Ma, L L; Ma, Q M; Mao, Z P; Mo, X H; Nie, J; Olsen, S L; Ping, R G; Qi, N D; Qin, H; Qiu, J F; Ren, Z Y; Rong, G; Ruan, X D; Shan, L Y; Shang, L; Shen, C P; Shen, D L; Shen, X Y; Sheng, H Y; Sun, H S; Sun, S S; Sun, Y Z; Sun, Z J; Tang, X; Tong, G L; Varner, G S; Wang, D Y; Wang, L; Wang, L L; Wang, L S; Wang, M; Wang, P; Wang, P L; Wang, Y F; Wang, Z; Wang, Z Y; Wang, Zheng; Wei, C L; Wei, D H; Weng, Y; Wiedner, U; Wu, N; Xia, X M; Xie, X X; Xu, G F; Xu, X P; Xu, Y; Yan, M L; Yang, H X; Yang, Y X; Ye, M H; Ye, Y X; Yu, G W; Yuan, C Z; Yuan, Y; Zhang, S L; Zeng, Y; Zhang, B X; Zhang, B Y; Zhang, C C; Zhang, D H; Zhang, H Q; Zhang, H Y; Zhang, J W; Zhang, J Y; Zhang, S H; Zhang, X Y; Zhang, Yiyun; Zhang, Z X; Zhang, Z P; Zhao, D X; Zhao, W J; Zhao, M G; Zhao, P P; Zhao, W R; Zhao, Z G; Zheng, H Q; Zheng, J P; Zheng, Z P; Zhou, L; Zhu, K J; Zhu, Q M; Zhu, Y C; Zhu, Y S; Zhu, Z A; Zhuang, B A; Zhuang, X A; Zou, B S

    2007-01-01

    Radiative charmonium decays from the BESII sample of 14$\\times10^{6}$ $\\psi(2S)$-events into two different final states, $\\gamma K^+K^-$ and $\\gamma\\pi^+\\pi^-$, are analyzed. Product branching fractions for $\\psi(2S)\\to\\gamma X\\to \\gamma\\pi^+\\pi^-$, $\\gamma K^+K^-$ are given, where $X=f_2(1270)$, $f_0(1500)$, and $f_0(1710)$ in $\\pi^+\\pi^-$ and $f_2(1270)$, $f_2'(1525)$, and $f_0(1700)$ in $K^+K^-$. An angular analysis gives the ratios of the helicity projections for the $f_2(1270)$ in $\\psi(2S)\\to\\gamma f_2(1270)\\to\\gamma\\pi^+\\pi^-$.

  18. Construction of a 2 kW/4 K Helium Refrigerator for HT-7U

    白红宇; 毕延芳; 王金荣; 庄明; 朱平; 张启勇; 盛林海

    2002-01-01

    Superconducting magnets of toroidal field (TF) and poloidal field (PF) of HT-7U tokamak are all made of NbTi/Cu Cable-in-Conduit Conductor (CICC), and cooled with a forced flow supercritical helium of 3.8 K. A helium refrigerator with an equivalent capacity of 2 kW/4 K will be constructed. This paper presents the design of the helium refrigerator process, the thermodynamics of the refrigeration cycle and the refrigerator equipments.

  19. Scalar Mesons in the Decay φ → K0 K-bar 0γ

    We estimate the branching ratio of the φ → K0 K-bar 0γ decay within the framework of a phenomenological approach in which the contributions of the f0(980), a0(980) scalar resonances, chiral loops and K*(892) vector meson are considered. To evaluate the contribution of the scalar resonances, we consider the kaon-loop model and the no-structure model.

  20. The exclusive B to K*(to K pi) l+ l- decay: CP conserving observables

    Egede, U.; Hurth, T.; Matias, J.; Ramon, M.; Reece, W.(CERN, European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva, Switzerland)

    2009-01-01

    We study the K* polarization states in the exclusive 4-body B meson decay B to K* (to K pi) l+ l- in the low dilepton mass region working in the framework of QCDF. We review the construction of the CP conserving transverse and transverse/longitudinal observables AT2, AT3, and AT4. We focus here, on analyzing their behaviour at large recoil energy in presence of right-handed currents.

  1. The exclusive B to K*(to K pi) l+ l- decay: CP conserving observables

    Egede, U; Matias, J; Ramon, M; Reece, W

    2010-01-01

    We study the K* polarization states in the exclusive 4-body B meson decay B to K* (to K pi) l+ l- in the low dilepton mass region working in the framework of QCDF. We review the construction of the CP conserving transverse and transverse/longitudinal observables AT2, AT3, and AT4. We focus here, on analyzing their behaviour at large recoil energy in presence of right-handed currents.

  2. Determining the Theta(+) quantum numbers through the K+ p -> pi(+)K(+)n reaction

    Hyodo, T; Hosaka, Atsushi; Oset Báguena, Eulogio

    2004-01-01

    We study the $K^+p\\to \\pi^+K^+n$ reaction with some kinematics suited to the production of the $\\Theta^+$ resonance recently observed. We show that, independently of the quantum numbers of the $\\Theta^+$, a resonance signal is always observed in the $K^+$ forward direction. In addition, we also show how a combined consideration of the strength at the peak, and the angular dependence of polarization observables can help determine the $\\Theta^+$ quantum numbers using the present reaction.

  3. First observation of $\\gamma \\gamma \\to p \\bar{p} K^+ K^-$ and search for exotic baryons in $pK$ systems

    Shen, C P; Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Asner, D M; Aulchenko, V; Aushev, T; Ayad, R; Babu, V; Badhrees, I; Bakich, A M; Barberio, E; Behera, P; Bhardwaj, V; Bhuyan, B; Biswal, J; Bobrov, A; Bonvicini, G; Bozek, A; Bračko, M; Browder, T E; Červenkov, D; Chang, P; Chekelian, V; Chen, A; Cheon, B G; Chilikin, K; Chistov, R; Cho, K; Chobanova, V; Choi, S -K; Choi, Y; Cinabro, D; Dalseno, J; Danilov, M; Dash, N; Doležal, Z; Drásal, Z; Dutta, D; Eidelman, S; Fang, W X; Fast, J E; Ferber, T; Fulsom, B G; Gaur, V; Gabyshev, N; Garmash, A; Gillard, R; Glattauer, R; Goldenzweig, P; Grzymkowska, O; Haba, J; Hayasaka, K; Hayashii, H; Hou, W -S; Iijima, T; Inami, K; Inguglia, G; Ishikawa, A; Itoh, R; Iwasaki, Y; Jaegle, I; Jeon, H B; Joo, K K; Julius, T; Kang, K H; Kato, E; Kiesling, C; Kim, D Y; Kim, J B; Kim, K T; Kim, S H; Kim, Y J; Kodyš, P; Korpar, S; Kotchetkov, D; Križan, P; Krokovny, P; Kuzmin, A; Kwon, Y -J; Lange, J S; Li, C H; Li, H; Li, L; Li, Y; Gioi, L Li; Libby, J; Liventsev, D; Lubej, M; Luo, T; Masuda, M; Matsuda, T; Matvienko, D; Miyabayashi, K; Miyata, H; Mizuk, R; Mohanty, G B; Mohanty, S; Moll, A; Moon, H K; Mussa, R; Nakano, E; Nakao, M; Nanut, T; Nath, K J; Natkaniec, Z; Nishida, S; Ogawa, S; Olsen, S L; Ostrowicz, W; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Pal, B; Park, C -S; Park, H; Pesántez, L; Pestotnik, R; Petrič, M; Piilonen, L E; Pulvermacher, C; Rauch, J; Ritter, M; Sakai, Y; Sandilya, S; Santelj, L; Sanuki, T; Savinov, V; Schlüter, T; Schneider, O; Schnell, G; Schwanda, C; Seino, Y; Semmler, D; Senyo, K; Seong, I S; Sevior, M E; Shibata, T -A; Shiu, J -G; Shwartz, B; Simon, F; Sokolov, A; Solovieva, E; Stanič, S; Starič, M; Strube, J F; Stypula, J; Sumihama, M; Sumiyoshi, T; Takizawa, M; Tamponi, U; Tanida, K; Tenchini, F; Trabelsi, K; Uchida, M; Uehara, S; Uglov, T; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Urquijo, P; Usov, Y; Van Hulse, C; Varner, G; Wang, C H; Wang, M -Z; Wang, P; Watanabe, M; Watanabe, Y; Williams, K M; Won, E; Yamaoka, J; Yelton, J; Yook, Y; Yusa, Y; Zhang, C C; Zhang, Z P; Zhilich, V; Zhukova, V; Zhulanov, V; Zupanc, A

    2016-01-01

    The process $\\gamma \\gamma \\to p \\bar{p} K^+ K^-$ and its intermediate processes are measured for the first time using a 980~fb$^{-1}$ data sample collected with the Belle detector at the KEKB asymmetric-energy $e^+e^-$ collider. The production of $p \\bar{p} K^+ K^-$ and a $\\Lambda(1520)^0~(\\bar{\\Lambda}(1520)^0)$ signal in the $pK^-$~($\\bar{p} K^+$) invariant mass spectrum are clearly observed. However, no evidence for an exotic baryon near 1540~MeV/$c^2$, denoted as $\\Theta(1540)^0$~($\\bar{\\Theta}~(1540)^0$) or $\\Theta(1540)^{++}$~($\\Theta(1540)^{--}$), is seen in the $p K^-$~($\\bar{p}K^+$) or $pK^+$~($\\bar{p} K^-$) invariant mass spectra. Cross sections for $\\gamma \\gamma \\to p \\bar{p} K^+ K^-$, $\\Lambda(1520)^0 \\bar{p} K^+ +c.c.$ and the products $\\sigma(\\gamma \\gamma \\to \\Theta(1540)^0 \\bar{p} K^+ +c.c.)\\BR(\\Theta(1540)^0 \\to p K^{-})$ and $\\sigma(\\gamma \\gamma \\to \\Theta(1540)^{++} \\bar{p} K^- +c.c.)\\BR(\\Theta(1540)^{++}\\to p K^{+})$ are measured. We also determine upper limits on the products of the $\\...

  4. S-wave K- pi+ system in D+ ---> K- pi+ pi+ decays from Fermilab E791

    Meadows, B.T.; /Cincinnati U.

    2005-06-01

    A new approach to the analysis of three body decays is presented. Model-independent results are obtained for the S-wave K{pi} amplitude as a function of K{pi} invariant mass. These are compared with results from K{sup -}{pi}{sup +} elastic scattering, and the prediction of the Watson theorem, that the phase behavior be the same below K{eta}' threshold, is tested. Contributions from I = 1/2 and I = 3/2 are not resolved in this study. If I = 1/2 dominates, however, the Watson theorem does not describe these data well.

  5. Cyclic sulfoxides-garlicnins K1, K2, and H1-extracted from Allium sativum.

    Nohara, Toshihiro; Fujiwara, Yukio; Komota, Yusuke; Kondo, Yoshihiko; Saku, Taiki; Yamaguchi, Koki; Komohara, Yoshihiro; Takeya, Motohiro

    2015-01-01

    Newly identified cyclic sulfoxides-garlicnins K1 (1), K2 (2), and H1 (3)-were isolated from the acetone extracts of the bulbs of garlic, Allium sativum. Garlicnin H1 (3) demonstrated potential to suppress tumor cell proliferation by regulating macrophage activation. The structures of garlicnins K1 and K2, 3,4-dimethyl-5-allyl-tetrahydrothiophen-2-one-S-oxides, and the structure of garlicnin H1, 3-carboxy-3-hydroxy-4-methyl-5-allylsulfoxide-tetrahydrothiophen-2-(ethane-1,2-diol)-S-oxide were characterized by spectroscopic analysis. PMID:25748782

  6. K8(K5F)U6Si8O40: An Intergrowth Uranyl Silicate.

    Morrison, Gregory; Tran, T Thao; Halasyamani, P Shiv; Zur Loye, Hans-Conrad

    2016-04-01

    Single crystals of K8(K5F)U6Si8O40 were grown from a mixed alkali halide flux. K8(K5F)U6Si8O40 is the first intergrowth uranyl silicate, being composed of alternating slabs related to two previously reported uranyl silicates: Cs2USiO6 and [Na9F2][(UO2)(UO2)2(Si2O7)2]. It exhibits intense luminescence, which is influenced by the [(UO2)2O] dimers present in the structure. PMID:26974872

  7. Body K and 40K in Chinese subjects measured with a whole-body counter

    More than 380 Chinese adults of both sexes were studied for their total body K and 40K using the National Tsing Hua University whole-body counter. The K values were found to have an average of 1.75 ± 0.4 g K kg-1 body weight for males and 1.41 ± 0.1 g K kg-1 body weight for females. The average K value for both sexes was 1.69 ± 0.4 g K kg-1 body weight. The annual absorbed dose for the average male was calculated to be 0.21 ± 0.04 mGy and for the average female was 0.17 ± 0.01 mGy. The average for both sexes was 0.20 ± 0.04 mGy. The 40K activity per unit body weight varied inversely with slenderness, and total body K varied directly with body-build index

  8. Wess-Zumino current and the structure of the decay tau- -->K- pi- K+ nu tau.

    Coan, T E; Gao, Y S; Liu, F; Stroynowski, R; Artuso, M; Boulahouache, C; Blusk, S; Butt, J; Dambasuren, E; Dorjkhaidav, O; Haynes, J; Menaa, N; Mountain, R; Muramatsu, H; Nandakumar, R; Redjimi, R; Sia, R; Skwarnicki, T; Stone, S; Wang, J C; Zhang, Kevin; Mahmood, A H; Csorna, S E; Bonvicini, G; Cinabro, D; Dubrovin, M; Bornheim, A; Lipeles, E; Pappas, S P; Shapiro, A; Weinstein, A J; Briere, R A; Chen, G P; Ferguson, T; Tatishvili, G; Vogel, H; Watkins, M E; Adam, N E; Alexander, J P; Berkelman, K; Boisvert, V; Cassel, D G; Duboscq, J E; Ecklund, K M; Ehrlich, R; Galik, R S; Gibbons, L; Gittelman, B; Gray, S W; Hartill, D L; Heltsley, B K; Hsu, L; Jones, C D; Kandaswamy, J; Kreinick, D L; Kuznetsov, V E; Magerkurth, A; Mahlke-Krüger, H; Meyer, T O; Patterson, J R; Pedlar, T K; Peterson, D; Pivarski, J; Riley, D; Sadoff, A J; Schwarthoff, H; Shepherd, M R; Sun, W M; Thayer, J G; Urner, D; Wilksen, T; Weinberger, M; Athar, S B; Avery, P; Breva-Newell, L; Potlia, V; Stoeck, H; Yelton, J; Eisenstein, B I; Gollin, G D; Karliner, I; Lowrey, N; Naik, P; Sedlack, C; Selen, M; Thaler, J J; Williams, J; Edwards, K W; Besson, D; Gao, K Y; Gong, D T; Kubota, Y; Li, S Z; Poling, R; Scott, A W; Smith, A; Stepaniak, C J; Urheim, J; Metreveli, Z; Seth, K K; Tomaradze, A; Zweber, P; Arms, K; Eckhart, E; Gan, K K; Gwon, C; Severini, H; Skubic, P; Asner, D M; Dytman, S A; Mehrabyan, S; Mueller, J A; Nam, S; Savinov, V; Huang, G S; Miller, D H; Pavlunin, V; Sanghi, B; Shibata, E I; Shipsey, I P J; Adams, G S; Chasse, M; Cummings, J P; Danko, I; Napolitano, J; Cronin-Hennessy, D; Park, C S; Park, W; Thayer, J B; Thorndike, E H

    2004-06-11

    We present the first study of the vector (Wess-Zumino) current in tau(-)-->K-pi-K+nu(tau) decay using data collected with the CLEO III detector at the Cornell Electron Storage Ring. We determine the quantitative contributions to the decay width from the vector and axial vector currents. Within the framework of a model by Kühn and Mirkes, we identify the quantitative contributions to the total decay rate from the intermediate states omegapi, rho(')pi, and K*K. PMID:15245150

  9. Development and test of a 100 kVA superconducting transformer operated at 77 K

    High-temperature superconducting (HTS) transformers are very promising candidates for application in electrical power engineering. Their main advantages are reduced size, weight, better efficiency and reduced potential fire and environmental hazards. We have designed, constructed and tested a 100 kVA HTS power transformer operated at 77 K. The nominal primary and secondary currents (voltages) are 18 A (5.6 kV) and 92 A (1.1 kV), respectively. No-load tests, short-circuit tests and load tests proved repeatedly that the transformer has the rated capacity. HTS winding losses of 20.6 W and iron losses of 403 W were measured. (author)

  10. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF K-MEANS AND K-MEANS++ CLUSTERING ALGORITHMS ON CRIME DOMAIN

    Bashar Aubaidan; Masnizah Mohd; Mohammed Albared

    2014-01-01

    This study presents the results of an experimental study of two document clustering techniques which are k-means and k-means++. In particular, we compare the two main approaches in crime document clustering. The drawback of k-means is that the user needs to define the centroid point. This becomes more critical when dealing with document clustering because each center point represented by a word and the calculation of distance between words is not a trivial task. To overcome this problem, a k-...

  11. On the algebraic K-theory of the complex K-theory spectrum

    Ausoni, Christian

    2010-03-01

    Let p>3 be a prime, let ku be the connective complex K-theory spectrum, and let K(ku) be the algebraic K-theory spectrum of ku. We study the p-primary homotopy type of the spectrum K(ku) by computing its mod (p,v_1) homotopy groups. We show that up to a finite summand, these groups form a finitely generated free module over a polynomial algebra F_p[b], where b is a class of degree 2p+2 defined as a higher Bott element.

  12. Constraints on heavy Z' couplings from \\Delta S = 2 B^- -> K^- K^- \\pi^+ decay

    Fajfer, S.; Singer, P

    2001-01-01

    The heavy Z' boson with family nonuniversal couplings can introduce flavour changing effects. Constraints on nondiagonal Z' couplings coming from the \\mu-e conversion in a muonic atom, K^0 - \\bar{K^0} and B - \\bar{B} mixing, epsilon and epsilon'/ \\epsilon CP- violating coefficients have been already established. By using the OPAL upper bound of the branching ratio for the B^- -> K^- K^- \\pi^+ decay, we indicate additional constraints on the Z' couplings. We comment also on the constraints of ...

  13. Observation of B0 to p pbar K*0 with a large K*0 polarization

    Chen, J H; Adachi, I; Aihara, H; Arinstein, K; Aulchenko, V; Aushev, T; Bakich, A M; Balagura, V; Barberio, E; Bay, A; Bedny, I; Belous, K S; Bitenc, U; Bondar, A; Bozek, A; Brako, M; Browder, T E; Chang, cM C; Chao, Y; Chen, A; Chen, K F; Chen, W T; Cheon, B G; Chistov, R; Cho, I S; Choi, S K; Choi, Y; Dalseno, J; Dash, M; Drutskoy, A; Eidelman, S; Golob, B; Ha, H; Haba, J; Hara, T; Hayasaka, K; Hayashii, H; Hazumi, M; Heffernan, D; Hoshi, Y; Hou, W S; Hsiung, Y B; Hyun, H J; Inami, K; Ishikawa, A; Ishino, H; Itoh, R; Iwasaki, M; Joshi, N J; Kah, D H; Kaji, H; Kapusta, P; Katayama, N; Kawasaki, T; Kichimi, H; Kim, H J; Kim, S K; Kim, Y J; Kinoshita, K; Krokovny, P; Kumar, R; Kuo, C C; Kwon, Y J; Lee, J S; Lee, M J; Lee, S E; Lesiak, T; Li, J; Limosani, A; Liu, C; Liventsev, D; Mandl, F; Matyja, A; McOnie, S; Medvedeva, T; Mitaroff, W A; Miyake, H; Miyata, H; Miyazaki, Y; Mizuk, R; Nakano, E; Nakao, M; Nakazawa, H; Natkaniec, Z; Nishida, S; Nitoh, O; Ogawa, S; Ohshima, T; Okuno, S; Olsen, S L; Ozaki, H; Pakhlov, P; Pakhlova, G; Palka, H; Park, C W; Park, H; Peak, L S; Pestotnik, R; Piilonen, L E; Rózanska, M; Sahoo, H; Sakai, Y; Schneider, O; Senyo, K; Sevior, M E; Shapkin, M; Shen, C P; Shibuya, H; Shiu, J G; Singh, J B; Somov, A; Stani, S; Stari, M; Sumiyoshi, T; Takasaki, F; Tanaka, M; Taylor, G N; Teramoto, Y; Tikhomirov, I; Trabelsi, K; Uehara, S; Ueno, K; Uglov, T; Unno, Y; Uno, S; Urquijo, P; Usov, Yu; Varner, G; Vervink, K; Villa, S; Vinokurova, A; Wang, C C; Wang, C H; Wang, P; Wang, X L; Watanabe, Y; Wedd, R; Won, E; Yamamoto, H; Yamashita, Y; Zhang, C C; Zhang, Z P; Zhulanov, V; Zupanc, A

    2008-01-01

    We observe the decay B0 to p pbar K*0 with a branching fraction of (1.18^{+0.29}_{-0.25} (stat.) \\pm 0.11 (syst.)) \\times 10^{-6}. The statistical significance is 7.2 sigma for the signal in the low ppbar mass region. We study the decay dynamics of p pbar K*0 and compare it with p pbar K*+. The K*0 meson is found to be almost 100% polarized (with a fraction of (101 \\pm 13 \\pm 3)% in the helicity zero state), while the K*+ meson has a (32 \\pm 17 \\pm 9)% fraction in the helicity zero state. The direct CP asymmetries for B0 to p pbar K*0 and B+ to p pbar K*+ are measured to be -0.08\\pm 0.20\\pm 0.02 and -0.01\\pm 0.19\\pm 0.02, respectively. We also study the characteristics of the low mass ppbar enhancements near threshold and the associated angular distributions. In addition, we report improved measurements of the branching fractions BF(B+ to p pbar K*+) = (3.38^{+0.73}_{-0.60} \\pm 0.39) \\times 10^{-6} and BF(B0 to p pbar K0) = (2.51^{+0.35}_{-0.29} \\pm 0.21) \\times 10^{-6}, which supersede our previous measureme...

  14. Development of a 1K x 1K GaAs QWIP Far IR Imaging Array

    Jhabvala, M.; Choi, K.; Goldberg, A.; La, A.; Gunapala, S.

    2003-01-01

    In the on-going evolution of GaAs Quantum Well Infrared Photodetectors (QWIPs) we have developed a 1,024 x 1,024 (1K x1K), 8.4-9 microns infrared focal plane array (FPA). This 1 megapixel detector array is a hybrid using the Rockwell TCM 8050 silicon readout integrated circuit (ROIC) bump bonded to a GaAs QWIP array fabricated jointly by engineers at the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) and the Army Research Laboratory (ARL). The finished hybrid is thinned at the Jet Propulsion Lab. Prior to this development the largest format array was a 512 x 640 FPA. We have integrated the 1K x 1K array into an imaging camera system and performed tests over the 40K-90K temperature range achieving BLIP performance at an operating temperature of 76K (f/2 camera system). The GaAs array is relatively easy to fabricate once the superlattice structure of the quantum wells has been defined and grown. The overall arrays costs are currently dominated by the costs associated with the silicon readout since the GaAs array fabrication is based on high yield, well-established GaAs processing capabilities. In this paper we will present the first results of our 1K x 1K QWIP array development including fabrication methodology, test data and our imaging results.

  15. Germanium thermometers in the temperature range .1000K to 4.20K

    The sensitivity characteristics of two germanium thermometers that proved to be convenient sensors in the temperature range from .1000K to 4.20K, are described. Their resistances change from about 8 x 105 ohms at .1000K to about 100 ohms at 4.20K. The calibration curves were fitted to natural spline functions of order 3 in the whole range of temperatures. These functions give less than half millidegree standard dispersion against 15 millidegree standard dispersion when usual polynomial interpolations are used. It is discussed what spline functions are, and compare the goodness of spline interpolation with polynomial methods

  16. Cyclic interconversion of vitamin K1 and vitamin K1 2,3-epoxide in man.

    Bechtold, H; Trenk, D; Meinertz, T; Rowland, M; Jähnchen, E.

    1983-01-01

    The disposition of a single intravenous bolus dose of 10 mg vitamin K1 and vitamin K1-2,3-epoxide were studied in two healthy subjects without and with 12 h pretreatment dose of phenprocoumon (0.4 mg/kg). For each compound administered alone the plasma concentration-time profile was adequately fitted by a biexponential equation, with an average terminal half-life of 2.0 and 1.15 h for the administered vitamin K and its 2,3-epoxide respectively. While vitamin K1 was measurable in plasma follow...

  17. Sopimuspohjaisten ostolaskujen käsittelyn automatisointi

    Alhomäki, Markku

    2013-01-01

    Opinnäytetyön aihe on toimeksianto Yritys X Oy:ltä. Opinnäytetyön tekijä myös työskentelee kyseisessä yrityksessä tiiviisti ostolaskujen käsittelyn automatisoinnin parissa. Aihe muodostui yhdessä kohdeyrityksen ohjaajan kanssa. Työn tavoitteena oli löytää keinot Basware Contract Matching -ohjelman käytön järkevään lisäämiseen kohdeyrityksessä. Lisäksi tarkoituksena oli luoda myös ohje sopimusten syöttöön Contract Matching -ohjelmaan. Tutkimuksen teoria osuudessa käsitellään sähköistä ostolask...

  18. Light gauge boson in rare $K$ decay

    Chen, Chuan-Hung

    2016-01-01

    The inconsistent conclusions for a light gauge boson $X$ production in the $K^- \\to \\pi^- X$ exist in the literature. It is found that the process can be generated by the tree-level $W$-boson annihilation and loop-induced $s\\to dX$. We find that it strongly depends on the $SU(3)$ limit or the unique gauge coupling to the quarks, whether the $K^-\\to \\pi^- X$ decay, which is from the $W$-boson annihilation, is suppressed by $m^2_X \\epsilon_X \\cdot p_K$; however, no such suppression is found via the loop-induced $s\\to d X$. The constraints on the relevant couplings are studied.

  19. K-Ras and mitochondria: Dangerous liaisons

    Jiri Neuzil; Jakub Rohlena; Lan-Feng Dong

    2012-01-01

    It is well documented that the KRAS oncogene efficiently transforms non-malignant cells,and there is some evidence for the role of mitochondria in this process.Now Peng Huang and colleagues show that K-Ras induction results early on in mitochondria assuming the phenotype consistent with the so-called Warburg effect,i.e.,increased glycolysis and attenuated oxidative phosphorylation.Thus the K-Ras protein capable of swift induction of phenotypic changes typical of cancer cells,yet these changes are reversible,and for cells to irreversibly reach their full malignant potential a much longer K-Ras expression is required,implicating mitochondria in the longer-term effects of the oncogene.

  20. Konsumenters etiska köpbeteende

    Hjertén, Anton; Larsson, Ingela

    2012-01-01

    Syftet med vårt arbete är att ge ett bidrag till det kunskapsgap som råder på forskningsområdet gällande konsumenters etiska köpbeteende. Detta avser vi att göra genom att ta reda på vad som driver konsumenter till köp av Fairtradevin. Vi avser även att försöka urskilja hur den typiske Fairtradevinkunden ser ut. Vi har utfört en kvantitativ enkätundersökning på medlemmar i en vinförening genom användandet av The theory of planned behaviour (TPB) som vår huvud-sakliga källa för undersökningen....

  1. K-Basins isolation barriers summary report

    The purpose of this report is to provide an information summary for the 100-K Area fuel storage basins design change. The design change was made to resolve an unreviewed safety question related to potential water leakage from the basin following a design basis earthquake. The design change consists of installing isolation barriers in the K-East and K-West Basins. The barriers are installed in each basin to isolate the fuel storage portion of the basin from the location of the potential seismic induced leak. The summary represented by this report provides information on the issue, the courses of corrective action, the technical work to support the corrective action, and the fabrication, installation, testing of the isolation barriers

  2. Factorization of k-quasihyponormal operators

    J. K. Thukral

    1991-09-01

    Full Text Available Let A be the class of all operators T on a Hilbert space H such that R(T*kT, the range space of T*KT, is contained in R(T*k+1, for a positive integer k. It has been shown that if T ϵ A, there exists a unique operator CT on H such that (i â���‰â€‰â€‰â€‰â€‰â€‰â€‰â€‰T*kT=T*k+1CT ;(ii        ‖CT‖2=inf{μ:μ≥0  and  (T*kT(T*kT*≤μT*k+1T*k+1} ;(iii       N(CT=N(T*kT and(iv       R(CT⫅R(T*k+1¯ The main objective of this paper is to characterize k-quasihyponormal; normal, and self-adjoint operators T in A in terms of CT. Throughout the paper, unless stated otherwise, H will denote a complex Hilbert space and T an operator on H, i.e., a bounded linear transformation from H into H itself. For an operator T, we write R(T and N(T to denote the range space and the null space of T.

  3. Weak decays of K and π mesons

    Through a special interplay of strong and weak interactions, small but significant pieces with a ''wrong'' flavor could be introduced into wave functions of mesons. Thus, e.g., not only a (u bar s) pair, but also a (u bar d) pair can be found with some probability within K+, etc. The possible importance of such ''anomalous'' terms in understanding of K-meson decays is discussed in a new scheme. The scheme is characterized by diagrammatic calculations of full amplitudes in the long-distance environment. Two classes of models which correctly reproduce the main K-meson branching ratios and the ΔI=1/2 rule are constructed. The predictive power of the scheme is then tested in a decay of a kaon into a pion and a light hyperphoton

  4. Vidaus audito programos kūrimas

    Liogienė, Indrė

    2007-01-01

    Magistro darbo tikslas – sudaryti vidaus audito programos kūrimo algoritmą ir įvertinti jo taikomumą. Pirmame darbo skyriuje analizuota mokslinė literatūra ir teisės aktai, kurie nagrinėja vidaus audito programos kūrimo teorinius aspektus susidarančius iš vidaus audito, vidaus auditą apsprendžiančių veiksnių analizės, vidaus audito organizavimo etapų, vidaus audito programos kūrimo problemų. Remiantis vidaus audito metodikų galimybėmis, antrame skyriuje, siūlomas teorinis problemos sprendimas...

  5. Configuration Management Plan for K Basins

    This plan describes a configuration management program for K Basins that establishes the systems, processes, and responsibilities necessary for implementation. The K Basins configuration management plan provides the methodology to establish, upgrade, reconstitute, and maintain the technical consistency among the requirements, physical configuration, and documentation. The technical consistency afforded by this plan ensures accurate technical information necessary to achieve the mission objectives that provide for the safe, economic, and environmentally sound management of K Basins and the stored material. The configuration management program architecture presented in this plan is based on the functional model established in the DOE Standard, DOE-STD-1073-93, open-quotes Guide for Operational Configuration Management Programclose quotes

  6. Thermal fatigue behavior of K465 superalloy

    YANG Jinxia; ZHENG Qi; SUN Xiaofeng; GUAN Hengrong; HU Zhuangqi

    2006-01-01

    The thermal fatigue behavior of K465 superalloy was investigated at the peak temperature of 1050℃. By scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and optical microscopy, the main crack length was observed and measured. The initiation sites of the tested alloys are different in as-cast (named as K465) and solution heat treatment (named as SK465) conditions.In K465 alloy, most thermal fatigue cracks nucleate at (Nb,W,Ti)C carbides. In SK465 alloy, thermal fatigue cracks initiate in interdendritic regions, MC-type carbides and some interfaces. Thermal fatigue cracks propagate in transdendritic mode,and M6C-type carbides could retard thermal fatigue crack growth for SK465 superalloy.

  7. Rose-K contact lens for keratoconus

    Jain Arun

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: To report clinical experience and the comparative value of axial and instantaneous topography data in fitting Rose-K design contact lenses in moderate and severe keratoconus. Materials and Methods: Thirty-eight eyes (of 23 patients with keratoconus were fitted with Rose-K design contact lenses and followed up for at least six months or more. Visual acuity with habitual vision correction available was measured. Axial and instantaneous topography maps for each eye were recorded. Contact lens wear comfort was graded on a ten point rating scale every three months. Results: Fourteen (100% moderate keratoconus eyes (average Sim K 48.61 ± 1.24D and 23 of 24 (96% of severe keratoconus eyes (average Sim K 60.88 ± 5.31D were successfully fitted with the Rose-K lenses. Final fit contact lenses in severe keratoconus had statistically significant steeper base curves compared to average axial corneal curvature than in moderate keratoconus eyes. Average simulated corneal curvature on axial maps predicted final fit contact lens base curves significantly better than on instantaneous maps. Thirty-three of the 37 eyes fitted with contact lenses maintained wear comfort over average follow up period of 13 ± 3.5 months. Conclusions: Rose-K design rigid contact lenses are successful in visually rehabilitating 100% of moderate and 96% of severe keratoconus eyes. Most patients (90% maintained contact lens wear comfort. Corneal curvature on axial maps is a better predictive of base curve of final fit contact lens.

  8. Scalability of efficient parallel K-Means

    Pettinger, David; Di Fatta, Giuseppe

    2009-01-01

    Clustering is defined as the grouping of similar items in a set, and is an important process within the field of data mining. As the amount of data for various applications continues to increase, in terms of its size and dimensionality, it is necessary to have efficient clustering methods. A popular clustering algorithm is K-Means, which adopts a greedy approach to produce a set of K-clusters with associated centres of mass, and uses a squared error distortion measure to determine convergence...

  9. Superconducting K strings in high density QCD

    Buckley, Kirk B. W.; Zhitnitsky, Ariel R.(University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver, BC V6T1Z1, Canada)

    2002-01-01

    Recently it has been argued that the ground state of high density QCD is likely be a combination of the CFL-phase along with condensation of the K^0 field. This state spontaneously breaks a global U(1)_Y symmetry, therefore one would expect the formation of U(1)_Y global strings. We discuss the core structure of these strings and demonstrate that under some conditions the global U(1)_Y symmetry may not be restored inside the string, in contrast with the standard expectations. Instead, K^+ con...

  10. A K3 sigma model with : symmetry

    Gaberdiel, Matthias R.; Taormina, Anne; Volpato, Roberto; Wendland, Katrin

    2014-02-01

    The K3 sigma model based on the -orbifold of the D 4-torus theory is studied. It is shown that it has an equivalent description in terms of twelve free Majorana fermions, or as a rational conformal field theory based on the affine algebra . By combining these different viewpoints we show that the = (4 , 4) preserving symmetries of this theory are described by the discrete symmetry group : . This model therefore accounts for one of the largest maximal symmetry groups of K3 sigma models. The symmetry group involves also generators that, from the orbifold point of view, map untwisted and twisted sector states into one another.

  11. Introduktion: K.E. Løgstrup

    Rabjerg, Bjørn

    2011-01-01

    Den danske filosof og teolog K.E. Løgstrup blev født i 1905, og hans tænkning afspejler de omvæltninger i den politiske, kunstneriske, teologiske og filosofiske historie, som udfoldede sig i det 20. århundrede......Den danske filosof og teolog K.E. Løgstrup blev født i 1905, og hans tænkning afspejler de omvæltninger i den politiske, kunstneriske, teologiske og filosofiske historie, som udfoldede sig i det 20. århundrede...

  12. Graff í Reykjavík

    Orri Freyr Finnbogason

    2007-01-01

    Lokaverkefni mitt er bók um graffiti. Um er að ræða einskonar ítarlega handbók um þessa menningu út frá íslenskum aðstæðum. Fjallað er um uppruna graffiti, sögu þess á Íslandi, verklega þætti og þá hugmyndafræði sem að baki liggur.

  13. Relative K-homology and normal operators

    Manuilov, Vladimir; Thomsen, Klaus

    2009-01-01

    -term exact sequence which generalizes the excision six-term exact sequence in the first variable of KK-theory. Subsequently we investigate the relative K-homology which arises from the group of relative extensions by specializing to abelian $C^*$-algebras. It turns out that this relative K-homology carries...... substantial information also in the operator theoretic setting from which the BDF theory was developed and we conclude the paper by extracting some of this information on approximation of normal operators....

  14. β-K(VO22(PO4

    Safa Ezzine Yahmed

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A new vanadium oxide, potassium bis(dioxovanadyl phosphate, β-K(VO22(PO4, has been synthesized by a solid-state reaction. In the title compound, the [V2PO8] framework is built up from infinite pyramidal [V2O8]∞ and [VPO7]∞ chains linked together by V—O—P bridges, leading to a three-dimensional framework which delimits two types of intersecting tunnels running along [100] and [010] in which the four unique K+ ions, showing coordination numbers of nine and ten, are located.

  15. The B -> pi K Puzzle: 2009 Update

    Baek, Seungwon; Chiang, Cheng-Wei; London, David

    2009-01-01

    The measurements of B -> pi K decays have been in disagreement with the predictions of the Standard Model (SM) for some time. In this paper, we perform an update of this puzzle using the latest (2008) data. We find that the situation has become far less clear. A fit to the B -> pi K data alone suggests the presence of new physics (NP). Indeed, if one adds a constraint on the weak phase gamma coming from independent measurements -- the SM fit -- one finds that the fit is poor. On the other han...

  16. Resolution to the B -> pi K puzzle

    Li, Hsiang-nan; Mishima, Satoshi; Sanda, A.I.

    2005-01-01

    We calculate the important next-to-leading-order contributions to the B -> pi K, pi pi decays from the vertex corrections, the quark loops, and the magnetic penguins in the perturbative QCD approach. It is found that the latter two reduce the leading-order penguin amplitudes by about 10%, and modify only the B -> pi K branching ratios. The main effect of the vertex corrections is to increase the small color-suppressed tree amplitude by a factor of 3, which then resolves the large difference b...

  17. Isospin odd pi K scattering length

    J. Schweizer

    2005-01-01

    We make use of the chiral two-loop representation of the pi K scattering amplitude [J. Bijnens, P. Dhonte and P. Talavera, JHEP 0405 (2004) 036] to investigate the isospin odd scattering length at next-to-next-to-leading order in the SU(3) expansion. This scattering length is protected against contributions of m_s in the chiral expansion, in the sense that the corrections to the current algebra result are of order M_pi^2. In view of the planned lifetime measurement on pi K atoms at CERN it is...

  18. Palvelurajapintojen käyttö mobiiliselaimesta

    Halme, Juha

    2012-01-01

    Mobiililaitteiden ja niille suunnattujen ohjelmien määrä on kasvanut viime vuosina. Markkinoilla on useita eri laitevalmistajia ja käyttöjärjestelmiä, joita palveluntarjoajien tulisi tukea kattaakseen koko asiakaskunnan. Samojen ohjelmien toteuttaminen ja ylläpito useille eri käyttöjärjestelmille on kuitenkin kallista, eikä yrityksillä välttämättä ole tarvittavaa tietotaitoa toteuttaa ohjelmia edes muutamalle suosituimmista alustoista. Selainpohjaiset sovellukset ratkaisevat suurimman osa...

  19. Puuelementtirakennuksien käyttö katastrofialueilla

    Linna, Perttu

    2014-01-01

    Tämä opinnäytetyö on tehty Puutalokymppi Oy:lle. Yrityksellä on halu kehittää pienelementtirakennuksia katastrofialueille sopiviksi väliaikaisiksi suojiksi. Opinnäytetyössä käsitellään konseptin toimivuutta, logistiikkaa, rakennuksen teknistä toteutusta, rahoitusta ja vaihtoehtoisia ratkaisuja. Maailmalla on käytössä erilaisia väliaikaisia majoitusratkaisuja, jotka sopivat erilaisiin katastrofikohteisiin. Useimmat hyviksi ja edullisiksi havaitut ratkaisut on dokumentoitu ja suunnitelmat o...

  20. The global k-means clustering algorithm

    Likas, Aristidis; Vlassis, Nikos; Verbeek, Jakob

    2003-01-01

    We present the global k-means algorithm which is an incremental approach to clustering that dynamically adds one cluster center at a time through a deterministic global search procedure consisting of N (with N being the size of the data set) executions of the k-means algorithm from suitable initial positions. We also propose modi2cations of the method to reduce the computational load without signi2cantly a3ecting solution quality. The proposed clustering methods are tested on well-known data ...

  1. Data mining K-clustering problem

    Karoussi, Elham

    2012-01-01

    In statistic and data mining, k-means clustering is well known for its efficiency in clustering large data sets. The aim is to group data points into clusters such that similar items are lumped together in the same cluster. In general, given a set of objects together with their attributes, the goal is to divide the objects into k clusters such that objects lying in one cluster should be as close as possible to each other’s (homogeneity) and objects lying in different clusters are further apar...

  2. Anturitiedon käsittelyohjelma sulautetulle Linuxille

    Hietaranta, Harri

    2011-01-01

    Työn tarkoituksena oli tehdä sovellus, joka noutaa palvelimelta Json-tiedoston ja tulkitsee tiedostosta tarvittavat tiedot ja käyttää niitä kulloinkin halutulla tavalla. Kohdealustana sovellukselle oli PC-tietokonetta huomattavasti vähemmän muistia sisältävä, ARM suoritinta käyttävä, sulautettu Linux-laite. Laitteen tehottomuudesta johtuen muistivuotojen ennaltaehkäisy oli tärkeä osa työtä. Lisäksi laite oli kirjoitussuojattu, ja kaikkien sovellusten asentaminen tapahtuu ennalta luotuun levyk...

  3. K1(1270)-K1(1400) Mixing Angle and New-Physics Effects in B to K1 l+ l- Decays

    Hatanaka, Hisaki

    2008-01-01

    We study semileptonic B meson decays B to K_1(1270) l^+ l^- and K_1(1400) l^+ l^- (l=e, mu, tau), where the strange P-wave mesons, K_1(1270) and K_1(1400), are the mixtures of the K_{1A} and K_{1B}, which are the 1^3P_1 and 1^1P_1 states, respectively. We show that the ratio R_l = Br(B to K_1(1400) l^+ l^-)/Br(B to K_1(1270) l^+ l^-), insensitive to new-physics parameters, is suitable for determining the K_1(1270)-K_1(1400) mixing angle, theta_{K_1}. The forward-backward asymmetry shows a weak theta_{K_1}-dependence for B to K_1(1270) mu^+ mu^-, but relatively strong for B to K_1(1400) mu^+ mu^-. We investigate model-independent new-physics corrections to operators relevant to the b to s l^+ l^- electroweak-penguin and weak-box diagrams. Furthermore, for the B to K_1(1270) mu^+ mu^- decay the position of the forward-backward asymmetry zero, which is almost independent of the value of theta_{K_1}, can be dramatically changed under variation of new-physics parameters.

  4. Exponential Lower Bounds for the PPSZ k-SAT Algorithm

    Chen, Shiteng; Scheder, Dominik Alban; Talebanfard, Navid;

    2013-01-01

    In 1998, Paturi, Pudl´ak, Saks, and Zane presented PPSZ, an elegant randomized algorithm for k-SAT. Fourteen years on, this algorithm is still the fastest known worst-case algorithm. They proved that its expected running time on k-CNF formulas with n variables is at most 2(1−k)n, where k 2 (1/k...

  5. Integrated Worker Radiation Dose Assessment for the K Basins

    This report documents an assessment of the radiation dose workers at the K Basins are expected to receive in the process of removing spent nuclear fuel from the storage basins. The K Basins (K East and K West) are located in the Hanford 100K Area

  6. Solving the k-cardinality assignment problem by transformation

    A. Volgenant

    2004-01-01

    The k-cardinality Linear Assignment Problem (k-LAP) with k a given integer is a generalization of the linear assignment problem: one wants to assign k rows (a free choice out of more rows) to k columns (a free choice out of more columns) minimizing the sum of the corresponding costs. For this polyno

  7. First pi K atom lifetime and pi K scattering length measurements

    Adeva, B.; Afanasyev, L.; Allkofer, Y.; Amsler, C.; Anania, A.; Aogaki, S.; Benelli, A.; Brekhovskikh, V.; Čechák, T.; Chiba, M.; Doškářová, P.; Hons, Zdeněk; Klusoň, J.; Lednický, Richard; Průša, P.; Smolík, J.; Trojek, T.; Urban, T.; Vrba, T.; Zrelov, P.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 735, JUL (2014), s. 288-294. ISSN 0370-2693 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LG13031; GA MŠk LG14004 Institutional support: RVO:68378271 ; RVO:61389005 Keywords : DIRAC * QCD Subject RIV: BG - Nuclear, Atom ic and Molecular Physics, Colliders; BE - Theoretical Physics (FZU-D) Impact factor: 6.131, year: 2014

  8. A Non-canonical Voltage-Sensing Mechanism Controls Gating in K2P K(+) Channels.

    Schewe, Marcus; Nematian-Ardestani, Ehsan; Sun, Han; Musinszki, Marianne; Cordeiro, Sönke; Bucci, Giovanna; de Groot, Bert L; Tucker, Stephen J; Rapedius, Markus; Baukrowitz, Thomas

    2016-02-25

    Two-pore domain (K2P) K(+) channels are major regulators of excitability that endow cells with an outwardly rectifying background "leak" conductance. In some K2P channels, strong voltage-dependent activation has been observed, but the mechanism remains unresolved because they lack a canonical voltage-sensing domain. Here, we show voltage-dependent gating is common to most K2P channels and that this voltage sensitivity originates from the movement of three to four ions into the high electric field of an inactive selectivity filter. Overall, this ion-flux gating mechanism generates a one-way "check valve" within the filter because outward movement of K(+) induces filter opening, whereas inward movement promotes inactivation. Furthermore, many physiological stimuli switch off this flux gating mode to convert K2P channels into a leak conductance. These findings provide insight into the functional plasticity of a K(+)-selective filter and also refine our understanding of K2P channels and the mechanisms by which ion channels can sense voltage. PMID:26919430

  9. Calibration of thermometers in the range from 4K to 40K

    Carbon and Germanium resistors have been calibrated against a standard in the temperature range from 4K to 40K. From the data, values of temperature are obtained with 0,1% error (std deviation). These calibrations have been also checked against specific heat measurements. (author)

  10. 2K nonvolatile shadow RAM and 265K EEPROM SONOS nonvolatile memory development

    Nasby, R.D.; Murray, J.R.; Habermehl, S.D.; Bennett, R.S.; Tafoya-Porras, B.C.; Mahl, P.R.; Rodriguez, J.L.; Jones, R.V.; Knoll, M.G.

    1998-07-01

    This paper describes Silicon Oxide Nitride Oxide Semiconductor (SONOS) nonvolatile memory development at Sandia National Laboratories. A 256K EEPROM nonvolatile memory and a 2K nonvolatile shadow RAM are under development using an n-channel SONOS memory technology. The technology has 1.2 {micro}m minimum features in a twin well design using shallow trench isolation.

  11. [Increased expression of proliferation keratins K 6 and K 16 in unaffected skin in exacerbated psoriasis].

    Wevers, A; Arnold, H G; Bonnekoh, B; Schulze, H J; Mahrle, G

    1990-05-01

    The in vivo expression of the proliferation keratins K 6 and K 16 is characteristic for hyperproliferative diseases and positive in psoriatic lesions. Our study was performed in order to investigate the in vitro expression of proliferation keratins and to settle the question whether they are also inducible in organ cultures of uninvolved psoriatic skin, possibly differing from normal skin. PMID:1696047

  12. Tracking performance of the scintillating fiber detector in the K2K experiment

    The K2K long-baseline neutrino oscillation experiment uses a Scintillating Fiber Detector (SciFi) to reconstruct charged particles produced in neutrino interactions in the near detector. We describe the track reconstruction algorithm and the performance of the SciFi after 3 years of operation

  13. Two-dimensional radiative transfer. II. The wings of Ca K and Mg k

    The effect of horizontal radiative transfer on the Ca K and Mg k line wing intensities in two-component models of the solar atmosphere is investigated. No significant influence on the spatially unresolved wing profiles of either line was found, even for models in which the lateral variation was extreme over distances approaching a vertical scale height. Horizonal contrast as measured by the spatially resolve Mg k profile was found to be markedly reduced by lateral transfer over scales at or below the current resolution limit. Contrast as measured in the Ca K wing was relatively unaffected and was maintained down to lateral sizes approaching a vertical scale height. The behavior of Ca K relative to Mg k is attributed to the larger amount of photon destruction by incoherent scattering in the Ca K wing, which limits the distance that photons can diffuse laterally and forces the line to be formed near LTE. We therefore conclude that the small-scale photospheric temperature structure predicted by many models can be detected in Ca K, and that efforts toward reducing seeing limitations on the resolution of solar observations should be encouraged

  14. Measurement of K Shell Photoelectric Cross Sections at a K Edge--A Laboratory Experiment

    Nayak, S. V.; Badiger, N. M.

    2007-01-01

    We describe in this paper a new method for measuring the K shell photoelectric cross sections of high-Z elemental targets at a K absorption edge. In this method the external bremsstrahlung (EB) photons produced in the Ni target foil by beta particles from a weak[superscript 90]Sr-[superscript 90]Y beta source are passed through an elemental target…

  15. Conservation Laws of K(m, n) and mK(m, n) Equations

    XIE Fu-Ding; Xiao-Shan; LIU Feng

    2004-01-01

    Based on the rank analysis method, algorithmization idea, and symbolic computation, in this paper we have presented a method to construct the conservation laws for nonlinear evolution equations. The polynomial conservation laws for K (n + 2, n) equations and mnK(m, n) equations are found by using of this approach and some new results have been obtained.

  16. Isobar Model for Photoproduction of K+Sigma0 and K0Sigma+ on the Proton

    Mart, T.

    2005-01-01

    Kaon photoproductions on the proton gamma p --> K+Sigma0 and gamma p --> K0Sigma+ have been simultaneously analyzed by using isobar models and new SAPHIR data. The result shows that isobar models such as KAON MAID require more resonances in order to explain the data.

  17. Different Contributions of the φ→K0K-bar0γ Decay

    The scalar mesons and vector mesons contribution to the radiative decay φ→K0K-bar0γ are studied within the framework of the phenomenological approach. The branching ratio of this decay is calculated to be 10-8-10-12. Furthermore, obtained values are compared with the experimental and theoretical results existing in the literature.

  18. K2P$^2$: Reduced data from campaigns 0-4 of the K2 mission

    Handberg, R

    2016-01-01

    Context: After the loss of a second reaction wheel the Kepler mission was redesigned as the K2 mission, pointing towards the ecliptic and delivering data for new fields approximately every 80 days. The steady flow of data obtained with a reduced pointing stability calls for dedicated pipelines for extracting light curves and correcting these for use in, e.g., asteroseismic analysis. Aims: We provide corrected light curves for the K2 fields observed until now (campaigns 0-4), and provide a comparison with other pipelines for K2 data extraction/correction. Methods: Raw light curves are extracted from K2 pixel data using the "K2-pixel-photometry" (K2P$^2$) pipeline, and corrected using the KASOC filter. Results: The use of K2P$^2$ allows for the extraction of the order of 90.000 targets in addition to 70.000 targets proposed by the community - for these, other pipelines provide no data. We find that K2P$^2$ in general performs as well as, or better than, other pipelines for the tested metrics of photometric qual...

  19. Waiting for the discovery of $B_{d}^{0} \\to K^{0}K^{0}$

    Fleischer, Robert

    2004-01-01

    The CP asymmetries of the decay B/sub d//sup 0/ to K/sup 0/K/sup 0/, which originates from b to dss flavor-changing neutral-current processes, and its CP-averaged branching ratio BR(B/sub d/ to K/sup 0 /K/sup 0/) offer interesting avenues to explore flavor physics. We show that we may characterize this channel, within the standard model, in a theoretically clean manner through a surface in observable space. In order to extract the relevant information from BR(B/sub d/ to K/sup 0/K/sup 0/), further information is required, which is provided by the B to pi pi system and the SU(3) flavor symmetry, where we include the leading factorizable SU(3)-breaking corrections and discuss how experimental insights into nonfactorizable effects can be obtained. We point out that the standard model implies a lower bound for BR(B/sub d/ to K/sup 0/K/sup 0/), which is very close to its current experimental upper bound, thereby suggesting that this decay should soon be observed. Moreover, we explore the implications for "color su...

  20. LHCb: Search for CP violation in $D^+ \\to K^-K^+\\pi^+$ decays at LHCb

    Gordon, Hamish

    2012-01-01

    A model-independent search for direct CP violation in the Cabibbo suppressed decay $D^+ \\to K^-K^+\\pi^+$ in a sample of approximately 370,000 decays is described. The normalized Dalitz plot distributions for $D^+$ and $D^-$ are compared using four different binning schemes that are sensitive to different manifestations of CP violation. No evidence for CP asymmetry is found.