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Sample records for actinium 206

  1. Extraction of actinium with di-(2-ethylhexyl)phosphoric acid from hydrochloric and nitric acid solutions

    The extraction of actinium with HDEHP from Cl- and NO3- systems has been investigated. It was found that extraction of actinium from HCl solutions is much better than from HNO3 solutions. Stability constants of actinium complexes Ac(X-)+2 with Cl- and NO3- ligands were determined. Our results show that the actinium formed less stable complexes with Cl- than with NO3- ligands. 5 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab. (author)

  2. IT 206 Uop Material - it206dotcom

    honey

    2015-01-01

    IT 206 Entire Course For more course tutorials visit www.uopit206.com   IT 206 Week 1 CheckPoint Formatting Issues IT 206 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2 IT 206 Week 2 CheckPoint Knowing Where You Placed Your Document IT 206 week 2 Assignment Microsoft Word Exercise IT 206 Week 3 CheckPoint Simplifying Your Excel Usage IT 206 week 3 DQ 1 and DQ 2 IT 206 Week 4 CheckPoint The Risk of Macros IT 206 Week 4 Assignment Microsoft Excel Exercise IT 206 Week ...

  3. The sorption of polonium, actinium and protactinium onto geological materials

    This paper describes a combined experimental and modeling program of generic sorption studies to increase confidence in the performance assessment for a potential high-level radioactive waste repository in Japan. The sorption of polonium, actinium and protactinium onto geological materials has been investigated. Sorption of these radioelements onto bentonite, tuff and granodiorite from equilibrated de-ionized water was studied under reducing conditions at room temperature. In addition, the sorption of actinium and protactinium was investigated at 60 C. Thermodynamic chemical modeling was carried out to aid interpretation of the results

  4. Separation of Actinium 227 from the uranium minerals

    The purpose of this work was to separate Actinium 227, whose content is 18%, from the mineral carnotite found in Gomez Chihuahua mountain range in Mexico. The mineral before processing is is pre-concentrated and passed, first through anionic exchange resins, later the eluate obtained is passed through cationic resins. The resins were 20-50 MESH QOWEX and 100-200 MESH 50 X 8-20 in some cased 200-400 MESH AG 50W-X8, 1X8 in other cases. The eluates from the ionic exchange were electrodeposited on stainless steel polished disc cathode and platinum electrode as anode; under a current ODF 10mA for 2.5 to 5 hours and of 100mA for .5 of an hour. it was possible to identify the Actinium 227 by means of its descendents, TH-227 and RA-223, through alpha spectroscopy. Due to the radiochemical purity which the electro deposits were obtained the Actinium 227 was low and was not quantitatively determined. A large majority of the members of the natural radioactive series 3 were identified and even alpha energies reported in the literature with very low percentages of non-identified emissions were observed. We conclude that a more precise study is needed concerning ionic exchange and electrodeposit to obtain an Actinium 227 of radiochemical purity. (Author)

  5. Spectroscopic and computational investigation of actinium coordination chemistry.

    Ferrier, Maryline G; Batista, Enrique R; Berg, John M; Birnbaum, Eva R; Cross, Justin N; Engle, Jonathan W; La Pierre, Henry S; Kozimor, Stosh A; Lezama Pacheco, Juan S; Stein, Benjamin W; Stieber, S Chantal E; Wilson, Justin J

    2016-01-01

    Actinium-225 is a promising isotope for targeted-α therapy. Unfortunately, progress in developing chelators for medicinal applications has been hindered by a limited understanding of actinium chemistry. This knowledge gap is primarily associated with handling actinium, as it is highly radioactive and in short supply. Hence, Ac(III) reactivity is often inferred from the lanthanides and minor actinides (that is, Am, Cm), with limited success. Here we overcome these challenges and characterize actinium in HCl solutions using X-ray absorption spectroscopy and molecular dynamics density functional theory. The Ac-Cl and Ac-OH2O distances are measured to be 2.95(3) and 2.59(3) Å, respectively. The X-ray absorption spectroscopy comparisons between Ac(III) and Am(III) in HCl solutions indicate Ac(III) coordinates more inner-sphere Cl(1-) ligands (3.2±1.1) than Am(III) (0.8±0.3). These results imply diverse reactivity for the +3 actinides and highlight the unexpected and unique Ac(III) chemical behaviour. PMID:27531582

  6. Discovery of the actinium, thorium, protactinium, and uranium isotopes

    Fry, C; Thoennessen, M

    2012-01-01

    Currently, 31 actinium, 31 thorium, 28 protactinium, and 23 uranium isotopes have so far been observed; the discovery of these isotopes is discussed. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  7. Production of high-purity radium-223 from legacy actinium-beryllium neutron sources.

    Soderquist, Chuck Z; McNamara, Bruce K; Fisher, Darrell R

    2012-07-01

    Radium-223 is a short-lived alpha-particle-emitting radionuclide with potential applications in cancer treatment. Research to develop new radiopharmaceuticals employing (223)Ra has been hindered by poor availability due to the small quantities of parent actinium-227 available world-wide. The purpose of this study was to develop innovative and cost-effective methods to obtain high-purity (223)Ra from (227)Ac. We obtained (227)Ac from two surplus actinium-beryllium neutron generators. We retrieved the actinium/beryllium buttons from the sources and dissolved them in a sulfuric-nitric acid solution. A crude actinium solid was recovered from the solution by coprecipitation with thorium fluoride, leaving beryllium in solution. The crude actinium was purified to provide about 40 milligrams of actinium nitrate using anion exchange in methanol-water-nitric acid solution. The purified actinium was then used to generate high-purity (223)Ra. We extracted (223)Ra using anion exchange in a methanol-water-nitric acid solution. After the radium was separated, actinium and thorium were then eluted from the column and dried for interim storage. This single-pass separation produces high purity, carrier-free (223)Ra product, and does not disturb the (227)Ac/(227)Th equilibrium. A high purity, carrier-free (227)Th was also obtained from the actinium using a similar anion exchange in nitric acid. These methods enable efficient production of (223)Ra for research and new alpha-emitter radiopharmaceutical development. PMID:22697483

  8. IT 206 courses / snaptutorial

    IT 210 snaptutorial

    2015-01-01

    For more classes visit www.snaptutorial.com   IT 206 Week 1 CheckPoint Formatting Issues IT 206 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2 IT 206 Week 2 CheckPoint Knowing Where You Placed Your Document IT 206 Week 2 Assignment Microsoft Word Exercise IT 206 Week 3 CheckPoint Simplifying Your Excel Usage IT 206 Week 3 DQ 1 and DQ 2 IT 206 Week 4 CheckPoint The Risk of Macros IT 206 Week 4 Assignment Microsoft Excel Exercise IT 206 Week 5 CheckPoint Mail Merging ...

  9. Radium, thorium, and actinium extraction from seawater using an improved manganese-oxide-coated fiber

    Laboratory experiments were conducted to determine the efficiency with which improved manganese-oxide-coated acrylic fibers extract radium, thorium, and actinium from seawater. Tests were made using surface seawater spiked with 227Ac, 227Th and 223Ra. For sample volumes of approximately 30 liters and flow rates up to 0.5 liters per minute, radium and actinium are removed quantitatively. Approximately 80-95% of the thorium is removed under these same conditions. (Auth.)

  10. ACC 206 NEW TUTORIAL / Uoptutorial

    Honey Singh

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.uoptutorial.com   ACC 206 Week 1 Assignment Chapter One Problems   ACC 206 Week 1 DQ1 Cash Flows Information   ACC 206 Week 1 DQ2 Apple's Cash Flow   ACC 206 Week 2 Assignment Chapter Two and Three Problems   ACC 206 Week 2 DQ1 Stock Features   ACC 206 Week 2 DQ2 Role of Management Accounting   ACC 206 Week 2 Journal Institute of Management Accounting &nb...

  11. Production of Actinium-225 via High Energy Proton Induced Spallation of Thorium-232

    The science of cancer research is currently expanding its use of alpha particle emitting radioisotopes. Coupled with the discovery and proliferation of molecular species that seek out and attach to tumors, new therapy and diagnostics are being developed to enhance the treatment of cancer and other diseases. This latest technology is commonly referred to as Alpha Immunotherapy (AIT). Actinium-225/Bismuth-213 is a parent/daughter alpha-emitting radioisotope pair that is highly sought after because of the potential for treating numerous diseases and its ability to be chemically compatible with many known and widely used carrier molecules (such as monoclonal antibodies and proteins/peptides). Unfortunately, the worldwide supply of actinium-225 is limited to about 1,000mCi annually and most of that is currently spoken for, thus limiting the ability of this radioisotope pair to enter into research and subsequently clinical trials. The route proposed herein utilizes high energy protons to produce actinium-225 via spallation of a thorium-232 target. As part of previous R and D efforts carried out at Argonne National Laboratory recently in support of the proposed US FRIB facility, it was shown that a very effective production mechanism for actinium-225 is spallation of thorium-232 by high energy proton beams. The base-line simulation for the production rate of actinium-225 by this reaction mechanism is 8E12 atoms per second at 200 MeV proton beam energy with 50 g/cm2 thorium target and 100 kW beam power. An irradiation of one actinium-225 half-life (10 days) produces ∼100 Ci of actinium-225. For a given beam current the reaction cross section increases slightly with energy to about 400 MeV and then decreases slightly for beam energies in the several GeV regime. The object of this effort is to refine the simulations at proton beam energies of 400 MeV and above up to about 8 GeV. Once completed, the simulations will be experimentally verified using 400 MeV and 8 GeV protons

  12. Production of Actinium-225 via High Energy Proton Induced Spallation of Thorium-232

    Harvey, James T.; Nolen, Jerry; Vandergrift, George; Gomes, Itacil; Kroc, Tom; Horwitz, Phil; McAlister, Dan; Bowers, Del; Sullivan, Vivian; Greene, John

    2011-12-30

    The science of cancer research is currently expanding its use of alpha particle emitting radioisotopes. Coupled with the discovery and proliferation of molecular species that seek out and attach to tumors, new therapy and diagnostics are being developed to enhance the treatment of cancer and other diseases. This latest technology is commonly referred to as Alpha Immunotherapy (AIT). Actinium-225/Bismuth-213 is a parent/daughter alpha-emitting radioisotope pair that is highly sought after because of the potential for treating numerous diseases and its ability to be chemically compatible with many known and widely used carrier molecules (such as monoclonal antibodies and proteins/peptides). Unfortunately, the worldwide supply of actinium-225 is limited to about 1,000mCi annually and most of that is currently spoken for, thus limiting the ability of this radioisotope pair to enter into research and subsequently clinical trials. The route proposed herein utilizes high energy protons to produce actinium-225 via spallation of a thorium-232 target. As part of previous R and D efforts carried out at Argonne National Laboratory recently in support of the proposed US FRIB facility, it was shown that a very effective production mechanism for actinium-225 is spallation of thorium-232 by high energy proton beams. The base-line simulation for the production rate of actinium-225 by this reaction mechanism is 8E12 atoms per second at 200 MeV proton beam energy with 50 g/cm2 thorium target and 100 kW beam power. An irradiation of one actinium-225 half-life (10 days) produces {approx}100 Ci of actinium-225. For a given beam current the reaction cross section increases slightly with energy to about 400 MeV and then decreases slightly for beam energies in the several GeV regime. The object of this effort is to refine the simulations at proton beam energies of 400 MeV and above up to about 8 GeV. Once completed, the simulations will be experimentally verified using 400 MeV and 8 Ge

  13. Neutron-Induced Fission of Actinium-227, Protactinium-231 and Neptunium-237: Mass Distribution

    Results of radiochemical studies on the mass distribution in the neutron-induced fission of actinium-227, protactinium-231 and neptunium-237 have been presented. This work has been carried out as part of a programme to determine the mass distribution in the fission of heavy elements as a function of Z and A. All irradiations have been carried out in the core of the swimming-pool type reactor APSARA with cadmium shielding wherever necessary. Relative yields of several fission product nuclides have been obtained by a method involving a comparison of the fission product activities from the respective targets with those formed from uranium-235 simultaneously irradiated. Thermal-neutron fission yields of uranium-235 have been assumed. These results indicate a predominantly asymmetric mass distribution in all the three cases, and also a distinct though small symmetric peak in the case of actinium-227. (author)

  14. A new method for the determination of low-level actinium-227 in geological samples

    We developed a new method for the determination of 227Ac in geological samples. The method uses extraction chromatographic techniques and alpha-spectrometry and is applicable for a range of natural matrices. Here we report on the procedure and results of the analysis of water (fresh and seawater) and rock samples. Water samples were acidified and rock samples underwent total dissolution via acid leaching. A DGA (N,N,N',N'-tetra-n-octyldiglycolamide) extraction chromatographic column was used for the separation of actinium. The actinium fraction was prepared for alpha spectrometric measurement via cerium fluoride micro-precipitation. Recoveries of actinium in water samples were 80 ± 8 % (number of analyses n = 14) and in rock samples 70 ± 12 % (n = 30). The minimum detectable activities (MDA) were 0.017-0.5 Bq kg-1 for both matrices. Rock sample 227Ac activities ranged from 0.17 to 8.3 Bq kg-1 and water sample activities ranged from below MDA values to 14 Bq kg-1of 227Ac. From the analysis of several standard rock and water samples with the method we found very good agreement between our results and certified values. (author)

  15. IT 206 UOP COURSE TUTORIAL/UOPHELP

    mumki

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com IT 206 Week 1 CheckPoint Formatting Issues IT 206 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2 IT 206 Week 2 CheckPoint Knowing Where You Placed Your Document IT 206 Week 2 Assignment Microsoft Word Exercise IT 206 Week 3 CheckPoint Simplifying Your Excel Usage IT 206 Week 3 DQ 1 and DQ 2 IT 206 Week 4 CheckPoint The Risk of Macros IT 206 Week 4 Assignment Microsoft Excel Exercise IT 206 Week 5 CheckPoint Mail Merging IT 206 ...

  16. IT 206 UOP COURSE TUTORIAL/ UOPHELP

    BHARGAVI

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.uophelp.com IT 206 Week 1 CheckPoint Formatting Issues IT 206 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2 IT 206 Week 2 CheckPoint Knowing Where You Placed Your Document IT 206 Week 2 Assignment Microsoft Word Exercise IT 206 Week 3 CheckPoint Simplifying Your Excel Usage IT 206 Week 3 DQ 1 and DQ 2 IT 206 Week 4 CheckPoint The Risk of Macros IT 206 Week 4 Assignment Microsoft Excel Exercise IT 206 Week 5 CheckPoint Mail Merging IT 206 ...

  17. Analysis of the gamma spectra of the uranium, actinium, and thorium decay series

    Momeni, M.H.

    1981-09-01

    This report describes the identification of radionuclides in the uranium, actinium, and thorium series by analysis of gamma spectra in the energy range of 40 to 1400 keV. Energies and absolute efficiencies for each gamma line were measured by means of a high-resolution germanium detector and compared with those in the literature. A gamma spectroscopy method, which utilizes an on-line computer for deconvolution of spectra, search and identification of each line, and estimation of activity for each radionuclide, was used to analyze soil and uranium tailings, and ore.

  18. Analysis of the gamma spectra of the uranium, actinium, and thorium decay series

    This report describes the identification of radionuclides in the uranium, actinium, and thorium series by analysis of gamma spectra in the energy range of 40 to 1400 keV. Energies and absolute efficiencies for each gamma line were measured by means of a high-resolution germanium detector and compared with those in the literature. A gamma spectroscopy method, which utilizes an on-line computer for deconvolution of spectra, search and identification of each line, and estimation of activity for each radionuclide, was used to analyze soil and uranium tailings, and ore

  19. IT 206 UOP Course Tutorial / Tutorialoutlet

    dawan

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.tutorialoutlet.com   IT 206 Week 1 CheckPoint Formatting Issues IT 206 Week 1 DQ 1 and DQ 2 IT 206 Week 2 CheckPoint Knowing Where You Placed Your Document IT 206 Week 2 Assignment Microsoft Word Exercise IT 206 Week 3 CheckPoint Simplifying Your Excel Usage IT 206 Week 3 DQ 1 and DQ 2 IT 206 Week 4 CheckPoint The Risk of Macros IT 206 Week 4 Assignment Microsoft Excel Exercise IT 206 Week 5 CheckPoint Mail M...

  20. In-source laser spectroscopy developments at TRILIS—towards spectroscopy on actinium and scandium

    Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Sources (RILIS) have become a versatile tool for production and study of exotic nuclides at Isotope Separator On-Line (ISOL) facilities such as ISAC at TRIUMF. The recent development and addition of a grating tuned spectroscopy laser to the TRIUMF RILIS solid state laser system allows for wide range spectral scans to investigate atomic structures on short lived isotopes, e.g., those from the element actinium, produced in uranium targets at ISAC. In addition, development of new and improved laser ionization schemes for rare isotope production at ISAC is ongoing. Here spectroscopic studies on bound states, Rydberg states and autoionizing (AI) resonances on scandium using the existing off-line capabilities are reported. These results allowed to identify a suitable ionization scheme for scandium via excitation into an autoionizing state at 58,104 cm − 1 which has subsequently been used for ionization of on-line produced exotic scandium isotopes.

  1. 48 CFR 1417.206 - Evaluation.

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Evaluation. 1417.206 Section 1417.206 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 1417.206 Evaluation. The determination in FAR...

  2. 44 CFR 206.3 - Policy.

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Policy. 206.3 Section 206.3 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE General § 206.3 Policy. It is the policy of FEMA to...

  3. 44 CFR 206.341 - Policy.

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Policy. 206.341 Section 206... SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE Coastal Barrier Resources Act § 206.341 Policy. It shall be the policy of FEMA to achieve the goals of CBRA in carrying out disaster relief on units of...

  4. 40 CFR 91.206 - Trading.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Trading. 91.206 Section 91.206... EMISSIONS FROM MARINE SPARK-IGNITION ENGINES Averaging, Banking, and Trading Provisions § 91.206 Trading. (a... manufacturers in trading. These credits must be used in the same averaging set as generated. (b) Credits...

  5. 40 CFR 89.206 - Trading.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Trading. 89.206 Section 89.206... EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE NONROAD COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES Averaging, Banking, and Trading Provisions § 89.206 Trading. (a) Requirements for Tier 1 engines rated at or above 37 kW. (1) A...

  6. 40 CFR 90.206 - Trading.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 20 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Trading. 90.206 Section 90.206... Trading Provisions § 90.206 Trading. (a) An engine manufacturer may exchange emission credits with other engine manufacturers in trading, subject to the trading restriction specified in § 90.207(c)(2)....

  7. 14 CFR 206.1 - Emergency transportation.

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Emergency transportation. 206.1 Section 206.1 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS... EXEMPTIONS § 206.1 Emergency transportation. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 41101 of the...

  8. 40 CFR 240.206-1 - Requirement.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Requirement. 240.206-1 Section 240.206-1 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR THE THERMAL PROCESSING OF SOLID WASTES Requirements and Recommended Procedures § 240.206-1...

  9. 40 CFR 240.206 - Vectors.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Vectors. 240.206 Section 240.206 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES GUIDELINES FOR THE THERMAL PROCESSING OF SOLID WASTES Requirements and Recommended Procedures § 240.206 Vectors....

  10. 40 CFR 59.206 - Variances.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Variances. 59.206 Section 59.206... Compound Emission Standards for Consumer Products § 59.206 Variances. (a) Any regulated entity who cannot... control may apply in writing to the Administrator for a variance. The variance application shall...

  11. 24 CFR 206.37 - Credit standing.

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Credit standing. 206.37 Section 206... CONVERSION MORTGAGE INSURANCE Eligibility; Endorsement Eligible Mortgagors § 206.37 Credit standing. Each mortgagor must have a general credit standing satisfactory to the Secretary....

  12. 24 CFR 206.15 - Insurance.

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Insurance. 206.15 Section 206.15... MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOME EQUITY CONVERSION MORTGAGE INSURANCE Eligibility; Endorsement § 206.15 Insurance. Mortgages originated under...

  13. 24 CFR 206.41 - Counseling.

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Counseling. 206.41 Section 206.41... CONVERSION MORTGAGE INSURANCE Eligibility; Endorsement Eligible Mortgagors § 206.41 Counseling. (a) List... receive counseling. (b) Information to be provided. A counselor must discuss with the mortgagor: (1)...

  14. Developments towards in-gas-jet laser spectroscopy studies of actinium isotopes at LISOL

    Raeder, S.; Bastin, B.; Block, M.; Creemers, P.; Delahaye, P.; Ferrer, R.; Fléchard, X.; Franchoo, S.; Ghys, L.; Gaffney, L. P.; Granados, C.; Heinke, R.; Hijazi, L.; Huyse, M.; Kron, T.; Kudryavtsev, Yu.; Laatiaoui, M.; Lecesne, N.; Luton, F.; Moore, I. D.; Martinez, Y.; Mogilevskiy, E.; Naubereit, P.; Piot, J.; Rothe, S.; Savajols, H.; Sels, S.; Sonnenschein, V.; Traykov, E.; Van Beveren, C.; Van den Bergh, P.; Van Duppen, P.; Wendt, K.; Zadvornaya, A.

    2016-06-01

    To study exotic nuclides at the borders of stability with laser ionization and spectroscopy techniques, highest efficiencies in combination with a high spectral resolution are required. These usually opposing requirements are reconciled by applying the in-gas-laser ionization and spectroscopy (IGLIS) technique in the supersonic gas jet produced by a de Laval nozzle installed at the exit of the stopping gas cell. Carrying out laser ionization in the low-temperature and low density supersonic gas jet eliminates pressure broadening, which will significantly improve the spectral resolution. This article presents the required modifications at the Leuven Isotope Separator On-Line (LISOL) facility that are needed for the first on-line studies of in-gas-jet laser spectroscopy. Different geometries for the gas outlet and extraction ion guides have been tested for their performance regarding the acceptance of laser ionized species as well as for their differential pumping capacities. The specifications and performance of the temporarily installed high repetition rate laser system, including a narrow bandwidth injection-locked Ti:sapphire laser, are discussed and first preliminary results on neutron-deficient actinium isotopes are presented indicating the high capability of this novel technique.

  15. 48 CFR 17.206 - Evaluation.

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Evaluation. 17.206 Section... CONTRACT TYPES SPECIAL CONTRACTING METHODS Options 17.206 Evaluation. (a) In awarding the basic contract... officer need not evaluate offers for any option quantities when it is determined that evaluation would...

  16. 24 CFR 206.23 - Shared appreciation.

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Shared appreciation. 206.23 Section 206.23 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued... DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOME...

  17. 5 CFR 330.206 - Job consideration.

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Job consideration. 330.206 Section 330..., SELECTION, AND PLACEMENT (GENERAL) Reemployment Priority List (RPL) § 330.206 Job consideration. (a)(1) An... of an overseas duty tour in the agency rotation program. In this case, the employee may apply for...

  18. 31 CFR 206.9 - Charges.

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Charges. 206.9 Section 206.9 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE MANAGEMENT OF FEDERAL AGENCY RECEIPTS,...

  19. 31 CFR 206.7 - Compliance.

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Compliance. 206.7 Section 206.7 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE MANAGEMENT OF FEDERAL AGENCY RECEIPTS,...

  20. 31 CFR 206.8 - Appeals.

    2010-07-01

    ... Treasury, the Assistant Commissioner, Federal Finance, and the designated agency cash management official... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Appeals. 206.8 Section 206.8 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE,...

  1. 31 CFR 206.2 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Definitions. 206.2 Section 206.2 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE MANAGEMENT OF FEDERAL AGENCY RECEIPTS,...

  2. 9 CFR 205.206 - Farm products.

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Farm products. 205.206 Section 205.206 Animals and Animal Products GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION (PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS PROGRAMS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CLEAR TITLE-PROTECTION FOR PURCHASERS OF FARM...

  3. 44 CFR 206.362 - Responsibilities.

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Responsibilities. 206.362 Section 206.362 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF... Responsibilities. (a) The local government shall submit the financial information required by FEMA in...

  4. 44 CFR 206.372 - Responsibilities.

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Responsibilities. 206.372 Section 206.372 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF... Responsibilities. (a) The local government shall submit the financial information required by FEMA in...

  5. 5 CFR 842.206 - Involuntary retirement.

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Involuntary retirement. 842.206 Section... (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT SYSTEM-BASIC ANNUITY Eligibility § 842.206 Involuntary retirement... separates from the service involuntarily after completing 25 years of service, or after becoming age 50...

  6. 24 CFR 235.206 - Substitute mortgagors.

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Substitute mortgagors. 235.206... MORTGAGE INSURANCE AND ASSISTANCE PAYMENTS FOR HOME OWNERSHIP AND PROJECT REHABILITATION Contract Rights and Obligations-Homes for Lower Income Families § 235.206 Substitute mortgagors. (a) Selling...

  7. 5 CFR 2606.206 - Fees.

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 2606.206 Section 2606.206 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF GOVERNMENT ETHICS ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES PRIVACY ACT RULES Access to... estimated fee before the Office begins to process a new request. (iii) Interest charges. Interest charges...

  8. 44 CFR 206.345 - Exceptions.

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Exceptions. 206.345 Section 206.345 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF..., and of the access thereto; (4) Repair of facilities for scientific research, including but not...

  9. 44 CFR 206.343 - Scope.

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Scope. 206.343 Section 206.343 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND... orientation which is unrelated to development is not subject to the requirements of these regulations....

  10. 44 CFR 206.204 - Project performance.

    2010-10-01

    ... accordance with 44 CFR 13.21, Payment. (c) Time limitations for completion of work—(1) Deadlines. The project... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Project performance. 206.204... § 206.204 Project performance. (a) General. This section describes the policies and...

  11. 5 CFR 430.206 - Planning performance.

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Planning performance. 430.206 Section 430.206 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT Performance Appraisal for General Schedule, Prevailing Rate, and Certain Other Employees §...

  12. z206sc_video_observations

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents video observations from cruise Z206SC for the Santa Barbara Channel region and beyond in southern California. The vector data file is...

  13. 9 CFR 206.3 - Monthly report.

    2010-01-01

    ... STOCKYARDS PROGRAMS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE CONTRACT LIBRARY § 206.3 Monthly report. (a) Do I need... accordance with section 251 of the Agricultural Marketing Act (7 U.S.C. 1636) and may be modified from...

  14. 9 CFR 206.1 - Definitions.

    2010-01-01

    ... STOCKYARDS PROGRAMS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE CONTRACT LIBRARY § 206.1 Definitions. The definitions... marketing meats or meat food products from swine in an unmanufactured form acting as a wholesale...

  15. Star Formation in Henize 206

    2004-01-01

    [figure removed for brevity, see original site] IRA-MIPS Composite [figure removed for brevity, see original site] Visible [figure removed for brevity, see original site] IRAC [figure removed for brevity, see original site] MIPS The LMC is a small satellite galaxy gravitationally bound to our own Milky Way. Yet the gravitational effects are tearing the companion to shreds in a long-playing drama of 'intergalactic cannibalism.' These disruptions lead to a recurring cycle of star birth and star death. Astronomers are particularly interested in the LMC because its fractional content of heavy metals is two to five times lower than is seen in our solar neighborhood. [In this context, 'heavy elements' refer to those elements not present in the primordial universe. Such elements as carbon, oxygen and others are produced by nucleosynthesis and are ejected into the interstellar medium via mass loss by stars, including supernova explosions.] As such, the LMC provides a nearby cosmic laboratory that may resemble the distant universe in its chemical composition. The primary Spitzer image, showing the wispy filamentary structure of Henize 206, is a four-color composite mosaic created by combining data from an infrared array camera (IRAC) at near-infrared wavelengths and the mid-infrared data from a multiband imaging photometer (MIPS). Blue represents invisible infrared light at wavelengths of 3.6 and 4.5 microns. Note that most of the stars in the field of view radiate primarily at these short infrared wavelengths. Cyan denotes emission at 5.8 microns, green depicts the 8.0 micron light, and red is used to trace the thermal emission from dust at 24 microns. The separate instrument images are included as insets to the main composite. An inclined ring of emission dominates the central and upper regions of the image. This delineates a bubble of hot, x-ray emitting gas that was blown into space when a massive star died in a supernova explosion millions of years ago. The shock waves

  16. 44 CFR 206.365 - Loan administration.

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Loan administration. 206.365... administration. (a) Funding. (1) FEMA will disburse funds to the local government when requested, generally in... government shall submit a copy of its most recent financial report (if not submitted previously)...

  17. 44 CFR 206.375 - Loan administration.

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Loan administration. 206.375... administration. (a) Funding. (1) FEMA will disburse funds to the local government when requested, generally in... government shall submit a copy of its most recent financial report (if not submitted previously)...

  18. 44 CFR 206.151 - Food commodities.

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Food commodities. 206.151... Food commodities. (a) The Administrator will assure that adequate stocks of food will be ready and... section, the Administrator may direct the Secretary of Agriculture to purchase food commodities...

  19. 44 CFR 206.2 - Definitions.

    2010-10-01

    ... major disaster. (22) State: Any State of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the... SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE General § 206.2 Definitions. (a) General. The.... Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, Public Law 93-288, as amended. (2)...

  20. 24 CFR 206.45 - Eligible properties.

    2010-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOME EQUITY CONVERSION MORTGAGE INSURANCE Eligibility; Endorsement Eligible Properties § 206.45 Eligible properties. (a... insurance for reverse mortgages is not available for reasonable rates in a State, then the Secretary...

  1. 44 CFR 206.225 - Emergency work.

    2010-10-01

    ... HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE Public Assistance Eligibility § 206.225... economically eliminates the need for temporary housing. The work will be limited to that necessary for the... communications. Emergency communications necessary for the purpose of carrying out disaster relief functions...

  2. 44 CFR 206.366 - Loan cancellation.

    2010-10-01

    ... utilities for mobile homes used to meet disaster temporary housing requirements. (iii) Unreimbursed costs... HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE Community Disaster Loans § 206.366 Loan cancellation. (a) Policies. (1) FEMA shall cancel repayment of all or part of a Community Disaster Loan to...

  3. 44 CFR 206.376 - Loan cancellation.

    2010-10-01

    ... homes used to meet disaster temporary housing requirements. (iii) Unreimbursed costs required for police... HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE Community Disaster Loans § 206.376 Loan cancellation. (a) FEMA shall cancel repayment of all or part of a Special Community Disaster Loan to the...

  4. 32 CFR 206.2 - Eligibility.

    2010-07-01

    ... NATIONAL SECURITY EDUCATION PROGRAM (NSEP) GRANTS TO INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION § 206.2 Eligibility. Any accredited U.S. institution of higher education, as defined by section 1201(a) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1141(a)), may apply for and receive a grant. This includes 2- and...

  5. 44 CFR 206.141 - Disaster unemployment assistance.

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disaster unemployment assistance. 206.141 Section 206.141 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY... § 206.141 Disaster unemployment assistance. The authority to implement the disaster...

  6. 30 CFR 206.150 - Purpose and scope.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purpose and scope. 206.150 Section 206.150 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT PRODUCT VALUATION Federal Gas § 206.150 Purpose and scope. (a) This subpart is applicable to all...

  7. 5 CFR 880.206 - Date of death.

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Date of death. 880.206 Section 880.206...) RETIREMENT AND INSURANCE BENEFITS DURING PERIODS OF UNEXPLAINED ABSENCE Procedures § 880.206 Date of death... OPM, the date of death of a missing annuitant who has been determined to be dead by an...

  8. 30 CFR 206.260 - Allocation of washed coal.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Allocation of washed coal. 206.260 Section 206... MANAGEMENT PRODUCT VALUATION Federal Coal § 206.260 Allocation of washed coal. (a) When coal is subjected to washing, the washed coal must be allocated to the leases from which it was extracted. (b) When the...

  9. 30 CFR 206.459 - Allocation of washed coal.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Allocation of washed coal. 206.459 Section 206... MANAGEMENT PRODUCT VALUATION Indian Coal § 206.459 Allocation of washed coal. (a) When coal is subjected to washing, the washed coal must be allocated to the leases from which it was extracted. (b) When the...

  10. 19 CFR 206.15 - Institution of investigation.

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Institution of investigation. 206.15 Section 206.15 Customs Duties UNITED STATES INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION NONADJUDICATIVE INVESTIGATIONS... OF RELIEF ACTIONS Investigations Relating to Global Safeguard Actions § 206.15 Institution...

  11. 27 CFR 26.206 - Marking packages and cases.

    2010-04-01

    .... 26.206 Section 26.206 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU... Coming Into the United States From the Virgin Islands § 26.206 Marking packages and cases. The distiller... distiller, rectifier, or bottler shall plainly print, stamp, or stencil with durable coloring material,...

  12. 42 CFR 438.206 - Availability of services.

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Availability of services. 438.206 Section 438.206... Standards § 438.206 Availability of services. (a) Basic rule. Each State must ensure that all services... whether the location provides physical access for Medicaid enrollees with disabilities. (2)...

  13. 48 CFR 206.304 - Approval of the justification.

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Approval of the justification. 206.304 Section 206.304 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION REGULATIONS... Competition 206.304 Approval of the justification. (a)(4) The Under Secretary of Defense...

  14. 30 CFR 206.155 - Accounting for comparison.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Accounting for comparison. 206.155 Section 206... MANAGEMENT PRODUCT VALUATION Federal Gas § 206.155 Accounting for comparison. (a) Except as provided in... subpart. (b) The requirement for accounting for comparison contained in the terms of leases will govern...

  15. 19 CFR 206.6 - Report to the President.

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Report to the President. 206.6 Section 206.6... RELIEF ACTIONS General § 206.6 Report to the President. (a) In general. The Commission will include in its report to the President the following: (1) The determination made and an explanation of the...

  16. 5 CFR 352.206 - Expiration of reemployment rights.

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Expiration of reemployment rights. 352.206 Section 352.206 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS....206 Expiration of reemployment rights. Reemployment rights granted under a Letter of Authority...

  17. 41 CFR 101-27.206-3 - Packaging.

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Packaging. 101-27.206-3 Section 101-27.206-3 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations...-Management of Shelf-Life Materials § 101-27.206-3 Packaging. To the extent feasible and economical,...

  18. 24 CFR 115.206 - Performance assessments; Performance standards.

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Performance assessments; Performance standards. 115.206 Section 115.206 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing... AGENCIES Certification of Substantially Equivalent Agencies § 115.206 Performance assessments;...

  19. Groundwater seepage from the Ranger uranium mine tailings dam: radioisotopes of radium, thorium and actinium. Supervising Scientist report 106

    Monitoring of bores near the Ranger uranium mine tailings dam has revealed deterioration in water quality in several bores since 1983. In a group of bores to the north of the dam, increases have been observed of up to 500 times for sulphate concentrations and of up to 5 times for 226Ra concentrations. Results are presented here of measurements of members of the uranium, thorium and actinium decay series in borewater samples collected between 1985 and 1993. In particular, measurements of all four naturally-occurring radium isotopes have been used in an investigation of the mechanism of radium concentration changes. For the most seepage-affected bores the major findings of the study include: 228Ra/226Ra 223Ra /226Ra and 224Ra/228Ra ratios all increased over the course of the study; barium concentrations show high seasonal variability, being lower in November than May, but strontium concentrations show a steady increase with time. Calculations show that the groundwater is probably saturated with respect to barite but not with respect to celestite or anglesite; sulphide concentrations are low in comparison with sulphate, and are higher in November than in May; and 227Ac concentrations have increased with time, but do not account for the high 223Ra/226Ra ratios. It is concluded on the basis of these observations that increases in Ra isotope concentrations observed in a number of seepage-affected bores arise from increases in salinity leading to desorption of radium from adsorption sites in the vicinity of the bore rather by direct transport of radium from the tailings. Increased salinity is also causing the observed increases in 227Ac and strontium concentrations, while formation of a barite solid phase in the groundwater is causing the removal of some radium from solution. This is the cause of the increasing radium isotope ratios noted above

  20. 47 CFR 20.6 - CMRS spectrum aggregation limit.

    2010-10-01

    ...) regulated as CMRS (see 47 CFR 20.9) shall have an attributable interest in a total of more than 55 MHz of... 47 Telecommunication 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false CMRS spectrum aggregation limit. 20.6 Section... COMMERCIAL MOBILE RADIO SERVICES § 20.6 CMRS spectrum aggregation limit. (a) Spectrum limitation. No...

  1. 12 CFR 206.5 - Capital levels of correspondents.

    2010-01-01

    ... standards. See, e.g. 12 CFR part 208, subpart D. (1) A total risk-based capital ratio, as defined in... 12 Banks and Banking 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Capital levels of correspondents. 206.5 Section... LIMITATIONS ON INTERBANK LIABILITIES (REGULATION F) § 206.5 Capital levels of correspondents. (a)...

  2. 19 CFR 206.16 - Industry adjustment plan and commitments.

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Industry adjustment plan and commitments. 206.16... OF RELIEF ACTIONS Investigations Relating to Global Safeguard Actions § 206.16 Industry adjustment... determination, any firm in the domestic industry, certified or recognized union or group of workers in...

  3. 48 CFR 1809.206-70 - Small businesses.

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Small businesses. 1809.206-70 Section 1809.206-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE... status on a Qualified Products List (Mil-Bul-103) or the Qualified Manufacturers List...

  4. 31 CFR 206.4 - Collection and payment mechanisms.

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Collection and payment mechanisms. 206.4 Section 206.4 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE MANAGEMENT OF FEDERAL...

  5. 31 CFR 206.1 - Scope and application.

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Scope and application. 206.1 Section 206.1 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE MANAGEMENT OF FEDERAL AGENCY RECEIPTS,...

  6. 31 CFR 206.5 - Collection and deposit procedure exceptions.

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Collection and deposit procedure exceptions. 206.5 Section 206.5 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE MANAGEMENT OF...

  7. 31 CFR 206.6 - Cash management planning and review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Cash management planning and review. 206.6 Section 206.6 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE MANAGEMENT OF FEDERAL...

  8. 31 CFR 206.3 - Billing policy and procedures.

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Billing policy and procedures. 206.3 Section 206.3 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SERVICE MANAGEMENT OF FEDERAL AGENCY...

  9. 24 CFR 206.25 - Calculation of payments.

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Calculation of payments. 206.25 Section 206.25 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development... Calculation of payments. (a) Initial payment. At closing an initial payment shall be made by the mortgagee...

  10. Dicty_cDB: CFJ206 [Dicty_cDB

    Full Text Available CF (Link to library) CFJ206 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U15397-1 CFJ206E (Link to Original ... the protein, antisense polynucleotide thereof and antibody ... recognizing the protein. 74 4e-30 5 E24613 |E24613 ... the protein, antisense polynucleotide thereof and antibody ... recognizing the protein. 74 3e-29 5 AR310712 |AR31 ...

  11. 49 CFR 24.206 - Eviction for cause.

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Eviction for cause. 24.206 Section 24.206 Transportation Office of the Secretary of Transportation UNIFORM RELOCATION ASSISTANCE AND REAL PROPERTY... cause. (a) Eviction for cause must conform to applicable State and local law. Any person who...

  12. 30 CFR 206.265 - Value enhancement of marketable coal.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Value enhancement of marketable coal. 206.265... MANAGEMENT PRODUCT VALUATION Federal Coal § 206.265 Value enhancement of marketable coal. If, prior to use, sale, or other disposition, the lessee enhances the value of coal after the coal has been placed...

  13. 30 CFR 206.464 - Value enhancement of marketable coal.

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Value enhancement of marketable coal. 206.464... MANAGEMENT PRODUCT VALUATION Indian Coal § 206.464 Value enhancement of marketable coal. If, prior to use, sale, or other disposition, the lessee enhances the value of coal after the coal has been placed...

  14. 9 CFR 113.206 - Wart Vaccine, Killed Virus.

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Wart Vaccine, Killed Virus. 113.206... AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS STANDARD REQUIREMENTS Killed Virus Vaccines § 113.206 Wart Vaccine, Killed Virus. Wart Vaccine, Killed Virus, shall be...

  15. 48 CFR 32.206 - Solicitation provisions and contract clauses.

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Solicitation provisions and contract clauses. 32.206 Section 32.206 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION...) of this section); (iii) Liquidation of those financing payments by delivery payments (see...

  16. 9 CFR 206.2 - Swine contract library.

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Swine contract library. 206.2 Section... STOCKYARDS PROGRAMS), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SWINE CONTRACT LIBRARY § 206.2 Swine contract library. (a) Do... swine contract library will be made available to the public? GIPSA will summarize the information it...

  17. Dicty_cDB: CHQ206 [Dicty_cDB

    Full Text Available CH (Link to library) CHQ206 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U16298-1 | Contig-U16523-1 CHQ206P ... 2.10.25 Translated Amino Acid sequence qykffkylfif*tnt *yfh*lif*YFQIKMIPKKQKGFNGEPKSHQEIDRSQSPLKQRTN NNNYQ ... vfqqlvnlhtkwhf*lveqfsl mlrlny Frame C: qykffkylfif*tnt *yfh*lif*YFQIKMIPKKQKGFNGEPKSHQEIDRSQSPLKQRTN NNNYQ ...

  18. 27 CFR 25.206 - Removal of beer.

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Removal of beer. 25.206... OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS BEER Removals Without Payment of Tax Beer for Personal Or Family Use § 25.206 Removal of beer. Beer made under § 25.205 may be removed from the premises where made for personal...

  19. 32 CFR 48.206 - Information regarding elections.

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Information regarding elections. 48.206 Section... AND CIVILIAN RETIRED SERVICEMAN'S FAMILY PROTECTION PLAN Election of Options § 48.206 Information regarding elections. (a) All members of the Reserve component who will have accumulated sufficient...

  20. 49 CFR 173.206 - Packaging requirements for chlorosilanes.

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Packaging requirements for chlorosilanes. 173.206...-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR SHIPMENTS AND PACKAGINGS Non-bulk Packaging for Hazardous Materials Other Than Class 1 and Class 7 § 173.206 Packaging requirements for chlorosilanes. (a) When § 172.101 of...

  1. 30 CFR 206.301 - Value basis for royalty computation.

    2010-07-01

    ... MANAGEMENT PRODUCT VALUATION Other Solid Minerals § 206.301 Value basis for royalty computation. (a) The... business arrangement between the lessee and a purchaser of some or all of the commodities produced from...

  2. 31 CFR 800.206 - Convertible voting instrument.

    2010-07-01

    ..., AND TAKEOVERS BY FOREIGN PERSONS Definitions § 800.206 Convertible voting instrument. The term convertible voting instrument means a financial instrument that currently does not entitle its owner or holder... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Convertible voting instrument....

  3. 18 CFR 706.206 - Support of Council programs.

    2010-04-01

    ... EMPLOYEE RESPONSIBILITIES AND CONDUCT Conduct and Responsibilities of Employees § 706.206 Support of Council programs. (a) When a Council program is based on law or Executive order, every employee has a positive obligation to make it function as efficiently and economically as possible and to support it...

  4. 33 CFR 160.206 - Information required in an NOA.

    2010-07-01

    ... Form 1302) as described in 19 CFR 4.7 X X X (9) International Ship and Port Facility Code (ISPS) Notice... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Information required in an NOA... Conditions, and Certain Dangerous Cargos § 160.206 Information required in an NOA. (a) Each NOA must...

  5. 44 CFR 206.43 - Emergency support teams.

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Emergency support teams. 206... Emergency support teams. The Federal Coordinating Officer may activate emergency support teams, composed of... emergency. These emergency support teams assist the FCO in carrying out his/her responsibilities under...

  6. 44 CFR 206.16 - Audit and investigations.

    2010-10-01

    ... OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE General § 206.16 Audit and investigations. (a) Subject to the provisions of chapter 75 of title 31, United States Code, and 44 CFR part 13... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Audit and investigations....

  7. 5 CFR 551.206 - Administrative exemption criteria.

    2010-01-01

    ... PAY ADMINISTRATION UNDER THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT Exemptions and Exclusions § 551.206... performance of office or non-manual work directly related to the management or general business operations, as... employees on the team. An example is a lead auditor who oversees an audit team in an auditing agency and...

  8. 42 CFR 59.206 - Evaluation and grant award.

    2010-10-01

    ... PLANNING SERVICES Grants for Family Planning Service Training § 59.206 Evaluation and grant award. (a... family planning services; (2) The extent to which the training program promises to fulfill the family...) Development of a capability within family planning service projects to provide pre- and in-service training...

  9. 32 CFR 206.4 - Proposal development and review.

    2010-07-01

    ...) MISCELLANEOUS NATIONAL SECURITY EDUCATION PROGRAM (NSEP) GRANTS TO INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION § 206.4... administration in higher education but might also include representatives from the research, business, and... criteria developed in consultation with representatives from higher education, and provided to the...

  10. 44 CFR 206.207 - Administrative and audit requirements.

    2010-10-01

    ... administrative requirements of 44 CFR parts 13 and 206; (H) Compliance with the audit requirements of 44 CFR part... in FEMA regulations at 44 CFR part 13 or OMB Circular A-110 as appropriate. (2) Federal audit. In accordance with 44 CFR part 13, FEMA may elect to conduct a Federal audit of the disaster assistance grant...

  11. 5 CFR 734.206 - Participation in elections.

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Participation in elections. 734.206... in elections. An employee may: (a) Register and vote in any election; (b) Act as recorder, watcher, challenger, or similar officer at polling places; (c) Serve as an election judge or clerk, or in a...

  12. 48 CFR 50.206 - Solicitation provisions and contract clause.

    2010-10-01

    ... REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT EXTRAORDINARY CONTRACTUAL ACTIONS AND THE SAFETY ACT Support Anti-terrorism by Fostering Effective Technologies Act of 2002 50.206 Solicitation provisions and contract clause. (a) Insert the provision at 52.250-2, SAFETY Act Coverage Not Applicable, in solicitations if— (1) The...

  13. 40 CFR 180.206 - Phorate; tolerances for residues.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Phorate; tolerances for residues. 180... PROGRAMS TOLERANCES AND EXEMPTIONS FOR PESTICIDE CHEMICAL RESIDUES IN FOOD Specific Tolerances § 180.206 Phorate; tolerances for residues. (a) General. Tolerances are established for the combined residues of...

  14. 30 CFR 206.62 - Does MMS protect information I provide?

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 206.62 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT PRODUCT VALUATION Indian Oil § 206.62 Does MMS protect information I provide? The MMS will keep... Interior, 43 CFR part 2....

  15. 30 CFR 206.108 - Does MMS protect information I provide?

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 206.108 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT PRODUCT VALUATION Federal Oil § 206.108 Does MMS protect information I provide? Certain... Interior at 43 CFR part 2....

  16. 76 FR 12274 - Special Conditions: Bell Helicopter Textron Canada Limited Model 206B and 206L Series Helicopters...

    2011-03-07

    ... 206L series helicopters with the noise certification requirements of 14 CFR part 36. The FAA issues... would include, for example, a slight reduction in safety margins or functional capabilities, a slight..., a significant reduction in safety margins or functional capabilities, a significant increase in...

  17. 30 CFR 206.176 - How do I perform accounting for comparison?

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How do I perform accounting for comparison? 206.176 Section 206.176 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT PRODUCT VALUATION Indian Gas § 206.176 How do I perform accounting for comparison?...

  18. 30 CFR 206.173 - How do I calculate the alternative methodology for dual accounting?

    2010-07-01

    ... for dual accounting? 206.173 Section 206.173 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT PRODUCT VALUATION Indian Gas § 206.173 How do I calculate the alternative methodology for dual accounting? (a) Electing a dual accounting method. (1) If you...

  19. 48 CFR 206.302-3 - Industrial mobilization; or engineering, development, or research capability.

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Industrial mobilization; or engineering, development, or research capability. 206.302-3 Section 206.302-3 Federal Acquisition... COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS Other Than Full and Open Competition 206.302-3 Industrial mobilization;...

  20. 42 CFR 137.206 - Why does the IHS need this information?

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Why does the IHS need this information? 137.206 Section 137.206 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH... Status Reports § 137.206 Why does the IHS need this information? This information will be used to...

  1. 19 CFR 206.47 - Limited disclosure of certain confidential business information under administrative protective...

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Limited disclosure of certain confidential business information under administrative protective order. 206.47 Section 206.47 Customs Duties UNITED... Investigations for Relief From Market Disruption § 206.47 Limited disclosure of certain confidential...

  2. 19 CFR 206.66 - Limited disclosure of certain confidential business information under administrative protective...

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Limited disclosure of certain confidential business information under administrative protective order. 206.66 Section 206.66 Customs Duties UNITED... Investigations For Action in Response to Trade Diversion; Reviews of Action Taken § 206.66 Limited disclosure...

  3. 19 CFR 206.17 - Limited disclosure of certain confidential business information under administrative protective...

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Limited disclosure of certain confidential business information under administrative protective order. 206.17 Section 206.17 Customs Duties UNITED... Investigations Relating to Global Safeguard Actions § 206.17 Limited disclosure of certain confidential...

  4. 50 CFR 226.206 - Critical habitat for the Southern Resident killer whale (Orcinus orca).

    2010-10-01

    ... killer whale (Orcinus orca). 226.206 Section 226.206 Wildlife and Fisheries NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES... CRITICAL HABITAT § 226.206 Critical habitat for the Southern Resident killer whale (Orcinus orca). Critical habitat is designated for the Southern Resident killer whale as described in this section. The...

  5. 28 CFR 2.206 - Travel approval and transfers of supervision.

    2010-07-01

    ... supervision. 2.206 Section 2.206 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PAROLE, RELEASE, SUPERVISION... Supervised Releasees § 2.206 Travel approval and transfers of supervision. (a) A releasee's supervision officer may approve travel outside the district of supervision without approval of the Commission in...

  6. 30 CFR 206.59 - May I ask MMS for valuation guidance?

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false May I ask MMS for valuation guidance? 206.59 Section 206.59 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT PRODUCT VALUATION Indian Oil § 206.59 May I ask MMS for valuation guidance? You may ask MMS...

  7. 41 CFR 101-27.206-2 - Identification and shipping requirements.

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Identification and shipping requirements. 101-27.206-2 Section 101-27.206-2 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal...-INVENTORY MANAGEMENT 27.2-Management of Shelf-Life Materials § 101-27.206-2 Identification and...

  8. 7 CFR 3560.206 - Conversion to Plan II (Interest Credit).

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Conversion to Plan II (Interest Credit). 3560.206 Section 3560.206 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Rents § 3560.206 Conversion to Plan II (Interest Credit). The...

  9. MicroRNA-1/206 Targets c-Met and Inhibits Rhabdomyosarcoma Development*

    Yan, Dongsheng; Dong, Xiang Da (Eric); Chen, Xiaoyan; Wang, Lihua; Lu, Chunjing; Wang, Jiao; Qu, Jia; Tu, Lili

    2009-01-01

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous short (∼22) nucleotide RNAs that regulate gene function by modification of target mRNAs. miRNA-1 (miR-1) and miRNA-206 (miR-206) are highly expressed in skeletal muscle. Due to the tissue-specific nature of miR-1/206 for skeletal muscles, we investigated the role of miR-1/206 in the development of rhabdomyosarcoma. Initially, we demonstrated that miR-1/206 expression was suppressed in rhabdomyosarcomas and found at very low levels in a rhabdomyosarcoma RD cel...

  10. The Clinical analyse of 206 patients of cerebral infarction (Abstract)

    Mai Mai; Ti Yi Ming; Ghen Bo

    2000-01-01

    This thesis make a summary and analyse to 206 patients of cerebral infarction. The morbidity of the age from 51 to 70 is thehighist in 206 patients. It is 75.3 % a mong the patient that hypertension is original. The frequently-occurring cerebral in farction patient are 36.8 % and it is the highist. Because our hospital have purchased CT machinery, we can early diagnose cerebral infarction and do dissolving thrombus in early time, controlling blood pressure, clearing away free radical, dehydrating, di lating cerebral blood vessel, recovering treat early and so on. It reduced the appear ing of conplication and the death rate and viability by oneselfare improved obvious lv.

  11. Completion report for Well Cluster ER-20-6

    The Well Cluster ER-20-6 drilling and completion project was conducted during February, March, and April of 1996 in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada Test Site (NTS), Nye County, Nevada. This project is part of the DOE's Underground Test Area (UGTA) subproject at the NTS. The primary UGTA tasks include collecting geological, geophysical, and hydrological data from new and existing wells to define groundwater quality as well as pathways and rates of groundwater migration at the NTS. A program of drilling wells near the sites of selected underground nuclear tests (near-field drilling) was implemented as part of the UGTA subproject to obtain site-specific data on the nature and extent of migration of radionuclides produced by an underground nuclear explosion. The ER-20-6 near-field drilling project was originally planned to be very similar to that recently conducted at Well Cluster ER-20-5, which was designed to obtain data on the existing hydrologic regime near the site of an underground nuclear explosion (IT, 1995; IT, 1996a). However, after further consideration of the goals of the near-field drilling program and the characteristics of the BULLION site, the TWG recommended that the ER-20-6 project be redesigned to accommodate a forced-gradient experiment. This proposed experiment is expected to yield more realistic estimates of transport parameters than can be deduced from sampling and testing natural groundwater flow systems

  12. Completion report for Well Cluster ER-20-6

    NONE

    1998-02-01

    The Well Cluster ER-20-6 drilling and completion project was conducted during February, March, and April of 1996 in support of the Nevada Environmental Restoration Project at the Nevada Test Site (NTS), Nye County, Nevada. This project is part of the DOE`s Underground Test Area (UGTA) subproject at the NTS. The primary UGTA tasks include collecting geological, geophysical, and hydrological data from new and existing wells to define groundwater quality as well as pathways and rates of groundwater migration at the NTS. A program of drilling wells near the sites of selected underground nuclear tests (near-field drilling) was implemented as part of the UGTA subproject to obtain site-specific data on the nature and extent of migration of radionuclides produced by an underground nuclear explosion. The ER-20-6 near-field drilling project was originally planned to be very similar to that recently conducted at Well Cluster ER-20-5, which was designed to obtain data on the existing hydrologic regime near the site of an underground nuclear explosion (IT, 1995; IT, 1996a). However, after further consideration of the goals of the near-field drilling program and the characteristics of the BULLION site, the TWG recommended that the ER-20-6 project be redesigned to accommodate a forced-gradient experiment. This proposed experiment is expected to yield more realistic estimates of transport parameters than can be deduced from sampling and testing natural groundwater flow systems.

  13. Measurement of internal pairs from {sup 206}Pb

    Ahmad, I.; Back, B.B.; Betts, R.R. [and others

    1995-08-01

    The failure to observe sharp sum-energy lines in measurements of {sup 238}U + {sup 181}Ta and {sup 238}U + {sup 232}Th raises the issue of the correct functioning of APEX under in-beam conditions. Extensive measurements with electron and pair emitting sources were used to demonstrate the resolution and acceptance of APEX, but the possibility remains that some unforeseen background or other effects might compromise the ability to see peaks in-beam. In order to test the functioning of APEX under the most stringent conditions, we also performed a measurement of internal pairs produced in the decay of the 2.648-MeV 3{sup -} state in {sup 206}Pb to the 2{sup +} state at 0.803 MeV. The 3{sup -} state was excited in the {sup 206}Pb + {sup 206}Pb reaction at 5.9 MeV/u with a cross section of roughly 40 mb, resulting in an expected pair cross section of approximately 16 {mu}b. It should be emphasized that this measurement represents a much stricter test of the functioning of the apparatus than the observation of sum-energy lines would represent, as the internal pair measurement requires a Doppler shift correction before the transition can be seen. These data were analyzed and clearly show the expected peak. A Doppler-corrected sum-energy spectrum showing the expected IPC line at 823 keV. At present we are evaluating the acceptance of APEX for events of this type but it is clear that the observed yield is close to expectations.

  14. High enriched lead-206 for small nuclear power plants

    In modern projects of perspective NPP the preference is returned to fast reactors (FR) with heavy liquid metal coolants. Internal self-hardening, absence of poisoning effects, compensation of uranium fuel burn-out by produced plutonium fuel and other positive features of FR will allow in the long term to lengthen operating campaign of the reactor till 10-12 of years, and service life of FR - till 30-60 of years. As is known, the coolant, circulating through the core of FR, is activated and accumulates long-lived radionuclides. Taking in account the masses of coolant materials in considered FR (20-200 tons) and the scales of an introduction of small NPP in the future, it can be problems with handling a completed coolant after FR removal from exploitation and at realization of repair and emergency activities. There, it is desirable to have a low-activation coolant with low contents of long-lived radionuclides - products of nuclear reactions. In paper, presented at the ICONE-8 conference, it is offered to use lead enriched with isotope Pb-206 as a low-activation coolant for FR. Its contents in a natural mix of lead isotopes make 24 %, and the demanded enrichment of isotope does not exceed 95-98 %. However, usage of a coolant from enriched lead can result in advancing the price of power, owing to what NPP can become noncompetitive in relation to other power sources. The purpose of the present paper - to point that interval of the prices of the product lead-206, at which one it can be demanded for nuclear engineering in large quantities. In the paper possible ways to ease the costs of obtaining the product lead-206 for the need of small nuclear engineering are also considered. (author)

  15. La eximente de miedo insuperable (art. 20.6 CP)

    Varona Gómez, Daniel

    1999-01-01

    La te si doctoral tracte d' una causa d' exempció de la responsabilitat penal reconeguda a l'article 20.6 del vigent codi penal: la por insuperable. L' objectiu principal de la tesi és donar un contingut a aquesta eximent per tal de que trobi l'adient reconeixement als tribunals, que tradicionalment han ignorat aquesta eximent. El primer capítol de la tesi tracta del seu fonament, és a dir, de la raó o raons que han portat al legislador a reconèixer la por insuperable com a una causa de exemp...

  16. Experiments of analog states on Lead 206 and 207

    This research thesis aims at verifying hypotheses according to which the spread of analog states decreases as much as nuclei are far from a double magic nucleus, under some conditions. Therefore, analog states of lead 207 and 208 have been studied by proton scattering on targets in lead 206 and 207. Some theoretical aspects of analog states of isobaric spin are presented. An experimental method of determination of excitation functions is described. Results obtained for analog states in bismuth 207-208 are discussed. Results obtained on four steady lead isotopes in different laboratories are compared

  17. Nanoparticle-Induced Superior Hot Tearing Resistance of A206 Alloy

    Choi, Hongseok; Cho, Woo-hyun; Konishi, Hiromi; Kou, Sindo; Li, Xiaochun

    2013-04-01

    Al- Cu alloys (such as A206) offer high strength and high fracture toughness at both room and elevated temperatures. However, their widespread applications are limited because of their high susceptibility to hot tearing. This article presents a nanotechnology approach to enhance hot-tearing resistance for A206. Specifically, γ-Al2O3 nanoparticles were used, and their effects on the hot-tearing resistance of the as-cast Al-4.5Cu alloy (A206) were investigated. While it is well known that grain refinement can improve the hot-tearing resistance of cast Al alloys, the current study demonstrated that nanoparticles can be much more effective in the case of A206. The hot-tearing susceptibilities (HTSs) of A206 alloy and its Al2O3 nanocomposite were evaluated by constrained rod casting (CRC) with a steel mold. Monolithic A206 and M206 (the Ti-free version of A206) alloys with the B contents of 20, 40, and 300 ppm from an Al-5Ti-1B master alloy addition were also cast under the same conditions for comparison. The results showed that with an addition of 1 wt pct γ-Al2O3 nanoparticles, the extent of hot tearing in A206 alloys was markedly reduced to nearly that of A356, an Al-Si alloy highly resistant to hot tearing. As compared with grain-refined A206 or M206, the hot-tearing resistance of the nanocomposites was significantly better, even though the grain size was not reduced as much. Microstructural analysis suggested that γ-Al2O3 nanoparticles modified the solidification microstructure of the eutectic of θ-Al2Cu and α-Al, as well as refined primary grains, resulting in the enhancement of the hot-tearing resistance of A206 to a level similar to that of A356 alloy.

  18. Electron capture and positron decay of 206Fr and 208Fr and the energy levels of 206Rn and 208Rn

    The isotopes 206Fr and 208Fr were produced by the reactions Ir(20Ne,xn)/sup 206,208/Fr and mass separated on-line. The electron-capture and positron decays to 206Rn and 208Rn were studied by collecting γ ray and internal conversion electron singles spectra as a function of decay time as well as γ-γ, γ-e-, and γ-x ray coincidence spectra. The energies and many of the spins were determined for 18 excited, even parity states in 208Rn and for 10 excited, even parity states in 206Rn. These nuclei appear to be excellent candidates for interpretation in terms of a weak coupling shell model. The energy levels were also compared to the predictions of the interacting boson approximation model

  19. 15 CFR 2011.206 - Suspension or revocation of individual certificates.

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Suspension or revocation of individual certificates. 2011.206 Section 2011.206 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Foreign Trade Agreements OFFICE OF THE UNITED STATES TRADE REPRESENTATIVE ALLOCATION OF TARIFF-RATE QUOTA ON...

  20. 24 CFR 206.107 - Mortgagee election of assignment or shared premium option.

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Mortgagee election of assignment or shared premium option. 206.107 Section 206.107 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL...

  1. Downregulation of microRNA-206 promotes invasion and angiogenesis of triple negative breast cancer.

    Liang, Zhongxing; Bian, Xuehai; Shim, Hyunsuk

    2016-08-26

    Triple negative breast tumors don't respond to Tamoxifen and Herceptin, two of the most effective medications for treating breast cancer. Additionally, triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) intrinsically resists or will eventually acquire resistance to chemotherapy. The purpose of this study is to understand better the molecular basis of TNBC as well as develop new therapeutic strategies against it. Here, we analyzed miRNA-206 expression levels in breast cancer cell lines and tissues. In addition, we investigated whether miR-206 mimics inhibited TNBC tumor invasion and angiogenesis. The results showed that miR-206 was downregulated in TNBC compared to non-TNBC cell lines and tissues. Additionally, the decreased levels of miR-206 were inversely consistent with expression levels of VEGF. Furthermore, the forced expression of miR-206 in the mimic-transfected TNBC cells downregulated VEGF, MAPK3, and SOX9 expression levels. The miR-206 mimics inhibited TNBC breast cell invasion and angiogenesis. These findings demonstrate for the first time the involvement of miRNA-206 in TNBC invasion and angiogenesis and suggest that miR-206 may be an efficient agent for therapy of TNBC. PMID:27318091

  2. 10 CFR 431.206 - Energy conservation standards and their effective dates.

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Energy conservation standards and their effective dates. 431.206 Section 431.206 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENERGY CONSERVATION ENERGY EFFICIENCY PROGRAM FOR CERTAIN COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL EQUIPMENT Illuminated Exit Signs Energy Conservation Standards §...

  3. 44 CFR 206.253 - Insurance requirements for facilities damaged by disasters other than flood.

    2010-10-01

    ... facilities damaged by disasters other than flood. 206.253 Section 206.253 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER... by disasters other than flood. (a) Prior to approval of a Federal grant for the restoration of...

  4. Structural analysis and dimerization profile of the SCAN domain of the pluripotency factor Zfp206

    Liang, Yu

    2012-06-26

    Zfp206 (also named as Zscan10) belongs to the subfamily of C2H2 zinc finger transcription factors, which is characterized by the N-terminal SCAN domain. The SCAN domain mediates self-association and association between the members of SCAN family transcription factors, but the structural basis and selectivity determinants for complex formation is unknown. Zfp206 is important for maintaining the pluripotency of embryonic stem cells presumably by combinatorial assembly of itself or other SCAN family members on enhancer regions. To gain insights into the folding topology and selectivity determinants for SCAN dimerization, we solved the 1.85 crystal structure of the SCAN domain of Zfp206. In vitro binding studies using a panel of 20 SCAN proteins indicate that the SCAN domain Zfp206 can selectively associate with other members of SCAN family transcription factors. Deletion mutations showed that the N-terminal helix 1 is critical for heterodimerization. Double mutations and multiple mutations based on the Zfp206SCAN-Zfp110SCAN model suggested that domain swapped topology is a possible preference for Zfp206SCAN-Zfp110SCAN heterodimer. Together, we demonstrate that the Zfp206SCAN constitutes a protein module that enables C2H2 transcription factor dimerization in a highly selective manner using a domain-swapped interface architecture and identify novel partners for Zfp206 during embryonal development. 2012 The Author(s).

  5. 31 CFR 598.206 - Holding of funds in interest-bearing accounts; investment and reinvestment.

    2010-07-01

    ... a money market fund or in U.S. Treasury bills. (2) For purposes of this section, a rate is... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Holding of funds in interest-bearing accounts; investment and reinvestment. 598.206 Section 598.206 Money and Finance: Treasury...

  6. 44 CFR 206.181 - Use of gifts and bequests for disaster assistance purposes.

    2010-10-01

    ...) Disaster-related home repair and rebuilding assistance to families for permanent housing purposes... disaster assistance purposes. 206.181 Section 206.181 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE...

  7. 41 CFR 101-27.206 - Procurement of shelf-life materials.

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Procurement of shelf-life materials. 101-27.206 Section 101-27.206 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System FEDERAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS SUPPLY AND PROCUREMENT...

  8. 30 CFR 206.180 - How do I determine an actual processing allowance?

    2010-07-01

    ... under 30 CFR 218.54 from the first day of the first month you deducted a processing allowance until the... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How do I determine an actual processing allowance? 206.180 Section 206.180 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE...

  9. 9 CFR 93.206 - Declaration and other documents for poultry.

    2010-01-01

    ..., the name and address of the broker, the origin of the poultry, the number, breed, species, and purpose... poultry. 93.206 Section 93.206 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE EXPORTATION AND IMPORTATION OF ANIMALS (INCLUDING POULTRY) AND ANIMAL...

  10. Evaluation of complete neutron nuclear data for 206Pb

    The following neutron data are given for 206Pb in the energy range from 10-5 eV to 20.0 MeV. The evaluated neutron nuclear data included total, elastic , inelastic, total inelastic, inelastic cross sections to 15 discrete levels, inelastic continuum, (n,2n), (n,3n), (n,n'p), (n,p), (n,t), (n,α) and capture cross sections. The angular distributions of elastic and discrete in elastic scattering neutron, the double differential cross sections (DDCS) of secondary neutron, the gamma-ray production data and the resonance parameters are also included. The evaluated data will be adopted into CENDL-3 in ENDF/B-6 format

  11. 30 CFR 206.112 - What adjustments and transportation allowances apply when I value oil production from my lease...

    2010-07-01

    ... 206.112 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT PRODUCT VALUATION Federal Oil § 206.112 What adjustments and transportation allowances apply...

  12. 30 CFR 206.110 - How do I determine a transportation allowance under an arm's-length transportation contract?

    2010-07-01

    ... under an arm's-length transportation contract? 206.110 Section 206.110 Mineral Resources MINERALS... § 206.110 How do I determine a transportation allowance under an arm's-length transportation contract? (a) If you or your affiliate incur transportation costs under an arm's-length transportation...

  13. 5 CFR 831.206 - Continuation of coverage for former Federal employees of the Civilian Marksmanship Program.

    2010-01-01

    ... Federal employees of the Civilian Marksmanship Program. 831.206 Section 831.206 Administrative Personnel... § 831.206 Continuation of coverage for former Federal employees of the Civilian Marksmanship Program. (a... support the Civilian Marksmanship Program as of the day before the date of the transfer of the Program...

  14. 17 CFR 275.206(4)-4 - Financial and disciplinary information that investment advisers must disclose to clients.

    2010-04-01

    ... written disclosure statement to clients under Rule 204-3 (17 CFR 275.204-3); Provided, That the delivery... ADVISERS ACT OF 1940 § 275.206(4)-4 Financial and disciplinary information that investment advisers must... information that investment advisers must disclose to clients. 275.206(4)-4 Section 275.206(4)-4 Commodity...

  15. MiR-206在骨骼肌发育中的功能%Roles of miR-206 in skeletal muscle development

    马国达; 罗小暖; 韩冰; 李庆章

    2012-01-01

    MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of highly conserved small non-coding RNAs of ~22-nucleotides involved in post-transcriptional gene silencing. The emerging field of miRNA biology has unraveled roles for these regulatory molecules in a range of biological functions, including cell proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. Interestingly, many miRNAs are specifically expressed in muscles. In this review, we focus on miR-206 which is unique in that it is only expressed in skeletal muscle and has been shown to play an important role in myogenesis. Importantly, dysregulation of miR-206 has been linked to muscle-related diseases, such as Duchenne muscular dystrophy and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. In addition, a mutation in the 3'-UTR of the myostatin gene in the Texel sheep creating target sites for the microRNAs miR-206 and miR-1 leads to down regulation of myostatin expression, which is likely to cause the muscular phenotype of this breed of sheep. Therefore, miR-206 may become a novel target in optimization of muscle quantity of domestic animals and therapy of muscle-related diseases.%微RNA (microRNA,miRNA)是一类在分子进化中十分保守的非编码RNA,长度约22个核苷酸,一般情况下它在转录后水平抑制基因表达.miRNA在细胞增殖、分化、凋亡等诸多生理过程中发挥着重要作用.有些miRNA具有组织特异性表达,其中miR-206是目前发现的唯一在骨骼肌中特异表达的miRNA,它在凋节骨骼肌发生过程中扮演重要角色.miR-206表达异常与一些肌肉相关疾病如肌肉营养不良、肌萎缩性侧索硬化症等有关.此外,在Texel羊中,myostatin基因的一个点突变就产生了一个miR-206和miR-1的靶点,抑制了myostain基因的表达,从而产生了双肌表型.因此,miR-206有可能成为治疗肌肉相关疾病和畜禽改良育种的重要候选分子.

  16. Fusion of 8He with 206Pb around Coulomb barrier energies

    Raabe R.

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The experimental study of the fusion of light neutron-rich nucleus 8He with 206Pb is reported in this work. A fusion stack of 206Pb targets has been used for this study. The most prominent evaporation residue (210Po, which has half-life of 138 days and decays by alpha emission, is populated in the reaction. Radiochemical analysis technique is used to extract the yield of this evaporation residue.

  17. 30 CFR 206.355 - How do I calculate royalty due on geothermal resources I sell at arm's length to a purchaser for...

    2010-07-01

    ... multiplied by the royalty rate in your lease or that BLM prescribes under 43 CFR 3211.18. See § 206.361 for... resources I sell at arm's length to a purchaser for direct use? 206.355 Section 206.355 Mineral Resources... Geothermal Resources § 206.355 How do I calculate royalty due on geothermal resources I sell at arm's...

  18. Neutron capture studies of 206Pb at a cold neutron beam

    Schillebeeckx, P.; Belgya, T.; Borella, A.; Kopecky, S.; Mengoni, A.; Quétel, C. R.; Szentmiklósi, L.; Trešl, I.; Wynants, R.

    2013-11-01

    Gamma-ray transitions following neutron capture in 206Pb have been studied at the cold neutron beam facility of the Budapest Neutron Centre using a metallic sample enriched in 206Pb and a natural lead nitrate powder pellet. The measurements were performed using a coaxial HPGe detector with Compton suppression. The observed -rays have been incorporated into a decay scheme for neutron capture in 206Pb . Partial capture cross sections for 206Pb(n,) at thermal energy have been derived relative to the cross section for the 1884keV transition after neutron capture in 14N . From the average crossing sum a total thermal neutron capture cross section of mb was derived for the 206Pb(n,) reaction. The thermal neutron capture cross section for 206Pb has been compared with contributions due to both direct capture and distant unbound s-wave resonances. From the same measurements a thermal neutron-induced capture cross section of mb was determined for the 207Pb(n,) reaction.

  19. Overexpression of miR-206 suppresses glycolysis, proliferation and migration in breast cancer cells via PFKFB3 targeting

    miRNAs, sorting as non-coding RNAs, are differentially expressed in breast tumor and act as tumor promoters or suppressors. miR-206 could suppress the progression of breast cancer, the mechanism of which remains unclear. The study here was aimed to investigate the effect of miR-206 on human breast cancers. We found that miR-206 was down-regulated while one of its predicted targets, 6-Phosphofructo-2-kinase (PFKFB3) was up-regulated in human breast carcinomas. 17β-estradiol dose-dependently decreased miR-206 expression as well as enhanced PFKFB3 mRNA and protein expression in estrogen receptor α (ERα) positive breast cancer cells. Furthermore, we identified that miR-206 directly interacted with 3′-untranslated region (UTR) of PFKFB3 mRNA. miR-206 modulated PFKFB3 expression in MCF-7, T47D and SUM159 cells, which was influenced by 17β-estradiol depending on ERα expression. In addition, miR-206 overexpression impeded fructose-2,6-bisphosphate (F2,6BP) production, diminished lactate generation and reduced cell proliferation and migration in breast cancer cells. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that miR-206 regulated PFKFB3 expression in breast cancer cells, thereby stunting glycolysis, cell proliferation and migration. - Highlights: • miR-206 was down-regulated and PFKFB3 was up-regulated in human breast carcinomas. • 17β-estradiol regulated miR-206 and PFKFB3 expression in ERα+ cancer cells. • miR-206directly interacted with 3′-UTR of PFKFB3 mRNA. • miR-206 fructose-2,6-bisphosphate (F2,6BP) impeded production and lactate generation. • miR-206 reduced cell proliferation and migration in breast cancer cells

  20. Overexpression of miR-206 suppresses glycolysis, proliferation and migration in breast cancer cells via PFKFB3 targeting

    Ge, Xin; Lyu, Pengwei; Cao, Zhang; Li, Jingruo; Guo, Guangcheng; Xia, Wanjun; Gu, Yuanting, E-mail: zzyuantinggu@126.com

    2015-08-07

    miRNAs, sorting as non-coding RNAs, are differentially expressed in breast tumor and act as tumor promoters or suppressors. miR-206 could suppress the progression of breast cancer, the mechanism of which remains unclear. The study here was aimed to investigate the effect of miR-206 on human breast cancers. We found that miR-206 was down-regulated while one of its predicted targets, 6-Phosphofructo-2-kinase (PFKFB3) was up-regulated in human breast carcinomas. 17β-estradiol dose-dependently decreased miR-206 expression as well as enhanced PFKFB3 mRNA and protein expression in estrogen receptor α (ERα) positive breast cancer cells. Furthermore, we identified that miR-206 directly interacted with 3′-untranslated region (UTR) of PFKFB3 mRNA. miR-206 modulated PFKFB3 expression in MCF-7, T47D and SUM159 cells, which was influenced by 17β-estradiol depending on ERα expression. In addition, miR-206 overexpression impeded fructose-2,6-bisphosphate (F2,6BP) production, diminished lactate generation and reduced cell proliferation and migration in breast cancer cells. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that miR-206 regulated PFKFB3 expression in breast cancer cells, thereby stunting glycolysis, cell proliferation and migration. - Highlights: • miR-206 was down-regulated and PFKFB3 was up-regulated in human breast carcinomas. • 17β-estradiol regulated miR-206 and PFKFB3 expression in ERα+ cancer cells. • miR-206directly interacted with 3′-UTR of PFKFB3 mRNA. • miR-206 fructose-2,6-bisphosphate (F2,6BP) impeded production and lactate generation. • miR-206 reduced cell proliferation and migration in breast cancer cells.

  1. Determination of the neutron resonance parameters for 206Pb and of the thermal neutron capture cross section for 206Pb and 209Bi

    Chapter 1 describes the motivation of the measurements (accelerator driven systems, stellar nucleosynthesis, neutron induced reactions on 206Pb), the present status of the neutron capture data for 206Pb and 209Bi and the structure of this work. In Chapter 2 the basic reaction theory underlying this work is described. The neutron induced reaction mechanism and formalism are explained. The parameterisation of the cross section in terms of R-matrix theory is discussed and we put particular emphasis on the statistical behaviour of the resonance parameters and the impact of the angular distribution of gamma rays following neutron capture. The relation between experimental observables and the resonance parameters is discussed together with general comments related to resonance shape analysis. Chapter 3 is focused on the determination of resonance parameters for 206Pb. We performed high-resolution transmission and capture measurements at the Time-Of-Flight (TOF) facility GELINA of the IRMM at Geel (B) and determined the resonance parameters. For nuclei like 206Pb, where the total width is dominated by Γn, the capture area allows to determine G. Transmission measurements were carried out to determine Γn, and the statistical factor g of resonances. Before performing a Resonance Shape Analysis (RSA) on the transmission and capture data, we verified the neutron flux and resolution at GELINA. We also compared the characteristics of GELINA with those of the n-TOF facility at CERN. A special emphasis is placed on the total energy detection technique using C6D6 detectors. This technique was applied for the determination of the capture cross section. To reduce systematic bias effects on the capture cross section, the response of the detectors was determined by Monte Carlo simulations, which has been validated by experiments. Using these response functions the partial capture cross sections for individual resonances of 206Pb have been deduced, by unfolding the response of the C6D

  2. Interplay among solidification, microstructure, residual strain and hot tearing in B206 aluminum alloy

    Hot tearing is a complex phenomenon attributed to alloy solidification, microstructure and stress/strain development within a casting. In this research, the conditions associated with the formation of hot tears in B206 aluminum alloy were investigated. Neutron diffraction strain mapping was carried out on three B206 castings with varying levels of titanium (i.e. unrefined, 0.02 and 0.05 wt%). Titanium additions effectively reduced grain size and transformed grain morphology from coarse dendrites to fine globular grains. Further, thermal analysis suggested that grain refinement delayed the onset of dendrite coherency in B206 and therefore enhanced the duration of bulk liquid metal feeding for the refined casting conditions. As a result, the interactive effects of such factors resulted in a more uniform distribution of strain, and subsequent higher resistance to hot tearing for the grain refined castings

  3. Crystal optimization and preliminary diffraction data analysis of the SCAN domain of Zfp206

    Crystals of the SCAN domain of Zfp206 are tetragonal, belonging to space group I422 with unit-cell parameters a = 67.57, c = 87.54 Å and one molecule in the asymmetric unit, and diffract to 1.85 Å resolution. Zfp206 (also named Zscan10) is a transcription factor that plays an important role in maintaining the pluripotent state of embryonic stem cells. Zfp206 is a member of the SCAN-domain family of C2H2 zinc-finger transcription factors. The SCAN domain is a highly conserved motif of 84 residues which mediates the self-association of and heterodimerization between SCAN-domain family transcription factors. The SCAN domain may therefore be the key to the selective oligomerization of and may combinatorially enhance the regulatory versatility of C2H2 zinc fingers. This paper describes crystallization attempts with the SCAN domain of Zfp206 (Zfp206SCAN) and optimization strategies to obtain diffraction-quality crystals. The best diffracting crystal was grown in a solution consisting of 0.3 M ammonium sulfate, 0.1 M Tris–HCl pH 8.6, 25% PEG 3350, 0.1 M ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid disodium salt dehydrate (EDTA) using the hanging-drop vapour-diffusion technique. Optimized crystals diffracted to 1.85 Å resolution and belonged to space group I422, with unit-cell parameters a = 67.57, c = 87.54 Å. A Matthews analysis indicated the presence of one Zfp206SCAN molecule per asymmetric unit

  4. Source identification of Pb in aerosols at Jeju-do, Korea by using 207Pb/206Pb and 208Pb/206Pb

    Aerosols and source related materials (fly ash from refuse incinerators, vehicle exhaust and soil) were collected in April, 2002 in the northern areas of Jeju-do, Korea, and the Pb isotopic ratios (207Pb/206Pb and 208Pb/206Pb) of the samples were measured in order to estimate the Pb sources of the aerosols. The Pb isotopic ratios of the aerosols were classified into two groups, depending on the sampling date. One group showed similar Pb isotopic ratios with those of the source related materials, suggesting that the contribution of the regional sources to the aerosols was very large. The other showed different Pb isotopic ratios from those of the regional sources and relatively high Pb isotopic ratios compared to the ratios of the first group. The results suggest that in the continental Asia there seems to be a long range transport of Pb with high ratios in desert sands, which are carried by northwest seasonal winds.(author)

  5. 25 CFR 161.206 - What must a permittee do to protect livestock from exposure to disease?

    2010-04-01

    ... exposure to disease? 161.206 Section 161.206 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR... permittee do to protect livestock from exposure to disease? In accordance with applicable law, permittees... infectious diseases; and (c) Restrict the movement of exposed or infected livestock....

  6. 34 CFR 206.1 - What are the special educational programs for students whose families are engaged in migrant and...

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are the special educational programs for students whose families are engaged in migrant and other seasonal farmwork? 206.1 Section 206.1 Education..., DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION SPECIAL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS FOR STUDENTS WHOSE FAMILIES ARE ENGAGED IN MIGRANT...

  7. 26 CFR 601.206 - Certification required to obtain reduced foreign tax rates under income tax treaties.

    2010-04-01

    ... under income tax treaties. (a) Basis of certification. Most of the income tax treaties between the United States and foreign countries provide for either a reduction in the statutory rate of tax or an... foreign tax rates under income tax treaties. 601.206 Section 601.206 Internal Revenue INTERNAL...

  8. 30 CFR 206.103 - How do I value oil that is not sold under an arm's-length contract?

    2010-07-01

    ... arm's-length contract? 206.103 Section 206.103 Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE... oil that is not sold under an arm's-length contract? This section explains how to value oil that you... average of the gross proceeds accruing to the seller under your or your affiliates' arm's-length...

  9. 75 FR 69861 - Airworthiness Directives; Cessna Aircraft Company (Cessna) 172, 175, 177, 180, 182, 185, 206, 207...

    2010-11-16

    ....johnson@faa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Airworthiness Directive 2008-26-10, Amendment 39-15776 (73 FR... Company (Cessna) 172, 175, 177, 180, 182, 185, 206, 207, 208, 210, 303, 336, and 337 Series Airplanes... obstruction is found for certain Cessna 172, 175, 177, 180, 182, 185, 206, 207, 208, 210, 303, 336, and...

  10. 41 CFR 101-42.206 - Special requirements for utilization of hazardous materials and certain categories of property.

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Special requirements for utilization of hazardous materials and certain categories of property. 101-42.206 Section 101-42.206 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System FEDERAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS UTILIZATION...

  11. 15 CFR 270.206 - Public briefings and requests for information.

    2010-01-01

    ... Trade NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION SAFETY TEAMS NATIONAL CONSTRUCTION SAFETY TEAMS Investigations § 270.206 Public briefings and requests... progress of an investigation. Methods may include: (1) A public Web site; (2) Mailing lists, to include...

  12. 24 CFR 206.308 - Continuing education requirements of counselors listed on the HECM Counselor Roster.

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Continuing education requirements... LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOME EQUITY CONVERSION MORTGAGE INSURANCE HECM Counselor Roster § 206.308 Continuing education requirements of counselors...

  13. 44 CFR 206.34 - Request for utilization of Department of Defense (DOD) resources.

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Request for utilization of... The Declaration Process § 206.34 Request for utilization of Department of Defense (DOD) resources. (a... Assistance Directorate may direct DOD to utilize DOD personnel and equipment for removal of debris...

  14. 31 CFR 206.10 - Operation of and payments from the Cash Management Improvements Fund.

    2010-07-01

    ... SERVICE MANAGEMENT OF FEDERAL AGENCY RECEIPTS, DISBURSEMENTS, AND OPERATION OF THE CASH MANAGEMENT IMPROVEMENTS FUND § 206.10 Operation of and payments from the Cash Management Improvements Fund. (a) The Cash... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Operation of and payments from...

  15. 49 CFR 236.206 - Battery or power supply with respect to relay; location.

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Battery or power supply with respect to relay..., AND APPLIANCES Automatic Block Signal Systems Standards § 236.206 Battery or power supply with respect to relay; location. The battery or power supply for each signal control relay circuit, where an...

  16. 9 CFR 381.206 - Labeling of shipping containers of poultry products offered for entry.

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Labeling of shipping containers of... Imported Poultry Products § 381.206 Labeling of shipping containers of poultry products offered for entry. Shipping containers of imported poultry products are required to bear in a prominent and legible manner...

  17. 30 CFR 206.350 - What is the purpose of this subpart?

    2010-07-01

    ... MANAGEMENT PRODUCT VALUATION Geothermal Resources § 206.350 What is the purpose of this subpart? (a) This subpart applies to all geothermal resources produced from Federal geothermal leases issued pursuant to the Geothermal Steam Act of 1970 (GSA), as amended by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct) (30 U.S.C. 1001...

  18. 30 CFR 206.365 - Does MMS protect information I provide?

    2010-07-01

    ... Act regulations of the Department of the Interior at 43 CFR part 2. ... MANAGEMENT PRODUCT VALUATION Geothermal Resources § 206.365 Does MMS protect information I provide? Certain information you submit to MMS regarding royalties or fees on geothermal resources or byproducts,...

  19. 42 CFR 50.206 - Sterilization of a mentally incompetent individual or of an institutionalized individual.

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Sterilization of a mentally incompetent individual..., DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GRANTS POLICIES OF GENERAL APPLICABILITY Sterilization of Persons in Federally Assisted Family Planning Projects § 50.206 Sterilization of a mentally incompetent individual...

  20. 40 CFR 266.206 - Standards applicable to the treatment and disposal of waste military munitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... HAZARDOUS WASTES AND SPECIFIC TYPES OF HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT FACILITIES Military Munitions § 266.206 Standards applicable to the treatment and disposal of waste military munitions. The treatment and disposal of hazardous waste military munitions are subject to the applicable permitting, procedural,...

  1. 19 CFR 206.54 - Investigations with respect to extension of action.

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Investigations with respect to extension of action..., Modification, or Termination of Relief Action § 206.54 Investigations with respect to extension of action. (a... at any time during an investigation under this section with respect to an article that was...

  2. 17 CFR 275.206(4)-1 - Advertisements by investment advisers.

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Advertisements by investment... COMMISSION (CONTINUED) RULES AND REGULATIONS, INVESTMENT ADVISERS ACT OF 1940 § 275.206(4)-1 Advertisements.... 80b-3), directly or indirectly, to publish, circulate, or distribute any advertisement: (1)...

  3. 28 CFR 5.206 - Language and wording of registration statement.

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Language and wording of registration... OF FOREIGN AGENTS REGISTRATION ACT OF 1938, AS AMENDED § 5.206 Language and wording of registration... required to be filed under the Act shall be submitted in the English language. An exhibit may be filed...

  4. 34 CFR 403.206 - What are the State's responsibilities regarding a State occupational information coordinating...

    2010-07-01

    ... EDUCATION STATE VOCATIONAL AND APPLIED TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION PROGRAM What Are the Administrative Responsibilities of a State Under the State Vocational and Applied Technology Education Program? § 403.206 What are... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are the State's responsibilities regarding a...

  5. 40 CFR 141.206 - Notice to new billing units or new customers.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 22 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Notice to new billing units or new... Water Violations § 141.206 Notice to new billing units or new customers. (a) What is the requirement for... public notice to all new billing units or new customers prior to or at the time service begins. (b)...

  6. 42 CFR 456.206 - Organization and composition of UR committee; disqualification from UR committee membership.

    2010-10-01

    ... UTILIZATION CONTROL Utilization Control: Mental Hospitals Ur Plan: Administrative Requirements § 456.206... the diagnosis and treatment of mental diseases, and assisted by other professional personnel. (c) The UR committee must be constituted as— (1) A committee of the mental hospital staff; (2) A...

  7. 42 CFR 420.206 - Disclosure of persons having ownership, financial, or control interest.

    2010-10-01

    ... of Ownership and Control Information § 420.206 Disclosure of persons having ownership, financial, or... provide that information. (b) Time and manner of disclosure. (1) Any disclosing entity that is subject to... this section. (d) Public disclosure. Information furnished to the Secretary under the provisions...

  8. 30 CFR 206.102 - How do I calculate royalty value for oil that I or my affiliate sell(s) under an arm's-length...

    2010-07-01

    ... or my affiliate sell(s) under an arm's-length contract? 206.102 Section 206.102 Mineral Resources... Federal Oil § 206.102 How do I calculate royalty value for oil that I or my affiliate sell(s) under an arm... seller under the arm's-length contract, less applicable allowances determined under §§ 206.110 or...

  9. microRNA-206对人横纹肌肉瘤细胞增殖的影响%Effect of microRNA-206 on proliferation of human rhabdomyosarcoma cells

    陈晓燕; 王教; 王瓯晨

    2009-01-01

    目的 研究microRNA-206在人横纹肌肉瘤细胞A673和A204中的表达以及对细胞增殖的影响.方法 Northern blotting检测正常肌肉组织与人横纹肌肉瘤细胞中microRNA-206表达水平的差异,MTS法检测转染microRNA-206后对细胞增殖的影响.Western blotting检测microRNA-206后对细胞中蛋白水平的影响.结果 Northern blotting结果显示,microRNA-206在正常肌肉组织中高表达,在横纹肌肉瘤细胞A673和A204中不表达;MTS结果表明转染microRNA-206后,横纹肌肉瘤细胞的数目明显减少,microRNA能够明显下调人横纹肌肉瘤细胞中p-ERK的表达.结论 microRNA-206通过ERK信号传导通路抑制横纹肌肉瘤细胞的增殖.

  10. MicroRNA-206 induces G1 arrest in melanoma by inhibition of CDK4 and Cyclin D.

    Georgantas, Robert W; Streicher, Katie; Luo, Xiaobing; Greenlees, Lydia; Zhu, Wei; Liu, Zheng; Brohawn, Philip; Morehouse, Christopher; Higgs, Brandon W; Richman, Laura; Jallal, Bahija; Yao, Yihong; Ranade, Koustubh

    2014-03-01

    Expression profiling of microRNAs in melanoma lesional skin biopsies compared with normal donor skin biopsies, as well as melanoma cell lines compared with normal melanocytes, revealed that hsa-miR-206 was down-regulated in melanoma (-75.4-fold, P = 1.7 × 10(-4)). MiR-206 has been implicated in a large number of cancers, including breast, lung, colorectal, ovarian, and prostate cancers; however, its role in tumor development remains largely unknown, its biologic function is poorly characterized, and its targets affecting cancer cells are largely unknown. MiR-206 reduced growth and migration/invasion of multiple melanoma cell lines. Bioinformatics identified cell cycle genes CDK2, CDK4, Cyclin C, and Cyclin D1 as strong candidate targets. Western blots and 3'UTR reporter gene assays revealed that miR-206 inhibited translation of CDK4, Cyclin D1, and Cyclin C. Additionally, hsa-miR-206 transfection induced G1 arrest in multiple melanoma cell lines. These observations support hsa-miR-206 as a tumor suppressor in melanoma and identify Cyclin C, Cyclin D1, and CDK4 as miR-206 targets. PMID:24289491

  11. NanoSIMS 207Pb-206Pb dating of monazite, xenotime and baddeleyite

    Verdel, C.; Mahan, K.; Guan, Y.; Eiler, J.; Wernicke, B.

    2007-12-01

    A variety of geochronological problems call for in-situ dating with high spatial resolution (i.e., scales of tens of microns or less). Such techniques are particularly important for studies that focus on the relationships between intracrystalline age variations and petrologic or diagenetic processes. Precise, in-situ geochronology of particularly small grains or domains (ca. 1-5 microns) may be feasible with the Cameca NanoSIMS ion microprobe, which has a spatial resolution as good as tens of nanometers and sufficient mass resolution at high transmission to be useful for geochronologic systems involving isotopes of trace elements. We have used the Cameca NanoSIMS 50L housed in the Caltech Microanalysis Center to determine 207Pb/206Pb ages of monazite, xenotime and baddeleyite standards ranging in age from ~500 to 2000 Ma. Initial efforts focused on Pb-Pb geochronology because it is analytically straightforward: Pb is ionized almost entirely to Pb+ and instrumental mass fractionation of Pb isotopes is negligible. We compare our results to previous age determinations made on these standards using TIMS, SHRIMP and electron microprobe techniques. Our NanoSIMS 207Pb/206Pb age of 2047±35 Ma (2σ) for a baddeleyite crystal from the Phalaborwa carbonatite overlaps with the previously determined TIMS and SHRIMP dates of ca. 2060 Ma. We measured an age of 1018±20 Ma on xenotime standard x6413, slightly older than the TIMS 207Pb/206Pb date of 996.7±0.8 Ma. For the high-Th Moacyr monazite standard, variations of common-Pb corrected ages and 206Pb/204Pb ratios for 5 measurements spanning ~100 microns suggest varying amounts of interference from a mass-204 isobar (probably doubly ionized ThNdO2). The single measurement least-affected by this isobar corresponds to a common-Pb corrected 207Pb/206Pb age of 489±92 Ma, within error of the electron microprobe chemical age of ca. 505 Ma. Spatial variation of the mass-204 isobar intensity suggests that Th may be distributed

  12. 基于FSL206MR的离线式开关电源设计%Design of offline switch mode power based on FSL206MR

    汤永科; 王勇; 王小亮; 秦磊

    2014-01-01

    The paper introduces a design of offline switch mode power based on the power supply chip FSL206MR which integrates pulse width modulator(PWM)and SenseFET. It analyzes the working process and design program of the feedback circuit and buck topology in detail. The feedback network is composed of NPN transistor MMBT222A and voltage regulator diode BZX84C13. This switch mode power performs well and has many advantages, such as the simple structure, a good result of voltage stabilization and easy encapsulation, so it has the very high value in application.%介绍了一种基于集成 PWM 和 SenseFET 的开关电源芯片 FSL206MR 的离线式开关电源设计,详细分析了反馈电路和降压拓扑的工作过程及设计方案。采用 NPN 晶体三极管 MMBT2222A 和稳压管 BZX84C13组成反馈网络。该开关电源性能优良,具有结构简单、稳压效果好、易封装等优点,具有很高的生产应用价值。

  13. Photolysis of organic pollutants in wastewater with 206 nm UV irradiation

    Zhao Lian Ye; Chang Qing Cao; Jin Cong He; Ren Xi Zhang; Hui Qi Hou

    2009-01-01

    A new-type UV light source (206 nm) was explored for the degradation of organic pollutants in wastewater for the first time. The degradation performances of triphenyltin chloride (TPTC1), dimethyl phthalate (DMP), as well as rhodamine B (RhB) were investigated. The results indicated that removal efficiency of 50 mg/L RhB, 60 mg/L DMP and 120 mg/LTPTC1 can reach 88.6%,92.5% and 89.4% for 60 min, 50 min and 75 min, respectively. By comparison of removal efficiency, we found 206 nm is superior to 253.7 nm UV in wastewater treatment, implying it is an effective, promising, and worthwhile exploring technology to decompose organic pollutants in wastewater.

  14. Coulomb excitation of the two proton-hole nucleus $^{206}$Hg

    We propose to use Coulomb excitation of the single magic two-proton-hole nucleus $^{206}$Hg. In a single-step excitation both the first 2$^{+}$ and the highly collective octupole 3$^{-}$ states will be populated. Thus, information on both quadrupole and octupole collectivity will be gained in this neutron-rich nucleus. Due to the high beam intensity, we will be able to observe multi-step Coulomb excitation as well, providing further test on theoretical calculations. The results will be used to improve the predictive power of the shell model for more exotic nuclei as we move to lighter N=126 nuclei. The experiment will use the new HIE-ISOLDE facility and the MINIBALL array, and will take advantage of the recently developed $^{206}$Hg beam from the molten lead target.

  15. Radiochemical separation of carrier free 204,206Bi from α-irradiated thallium oxide target

    Carrier-free 204,206Bi produced by the α-activation of Tl2O3 target, was separated from the target matrix using two different radiochemical methods, (i) liquid-liquid extraction (LLX) with methyl isobutyl ketone (MIBK)-HCl system and (ii) solid-liquid extraction with inorganic ion exchanger, zirconium vanadate from HCl medium. The separation was found to be maximum around pH 2. (author)

  16. Distribution of charge and matter in nuclei: Charge density difference of 206Pb and 205Tl

    We contrast two calculations of the charge density difference of 206Pb and 205Tl. In the simplest model this difference in charge density is due to the occupation of an additional 3s/sub 1/2/ orbital in 206Pb. A standard mean-field calculation of the charge difference does not yield a satisfactory result. One may modify this result by assigning the 3s/sub 1/2/ orbital an occupation probability of seventy percent, with a corresponding increase to thirty percent of the occupation probability of a 2d/sub 3/2/ orbital. However, this modification of the mean-field analysis, while solving one problem, is seen to create a new problem in the fit to the data. In this work we present an alternative analysis: We maintain unit occupation probability for the 3s/sub 1/2/ orbital but use the medium-modified proton electromagnetic form factor we have calculated previously. Our model is able to give a better fit to the data without the introduction of free parameters into the analysis. Medium-modified form factors have recently been shown to be effective in explaining the charge distribution of 208Pb and their application to the interpretation of the 206Pb-205Tl charge density difference yields a result which is consistent with the experimental data and superior to that obtained in the adjusted mean-field analysis described above

  17. Frequency and Clinicopathological Characteristics of Presenilin 1 Gly206Ala Mutation in Puerto Rican Hispanics with Dementia

    Arnold, Steven E.; Vega, Irving E.; Karlawish, Jason H.; WoIk, David A.; Nunez, Jessica; Negron, Mirna; Xie, Sharon X.; Wang, Li-San; Dubroff, Jacob G.; McCarty-Wood, Elisabeth; Trojanowski, John Q.; Van Deerlin, Vivianna

    2013-01-01

    The frequency and clinical and pathological characteristics associated with the Gly206Ala presenilin 1 (PSEN1) mutation in Puerto Rican and non-Puerto Rican Hispanics were evaluated at the University of Pennsylvania’s Alzheimer’s Disease Center. DNAs from all cohort subjects were genotyped for the Gly206Ala PSEN1 mutation. Carriers and non-carriers with neurodegenerative disease dementias were compared for demographic, clinical, psychometric, and biomarker variables. Nineteen (12.6%) of 151 u...

  18. miR-206-3p在小鼠皮肤中的表达及其作用%Expression and distribution of miR-206-3p in mouse skin and its potential roles

    穆原; 周红; 李文艳; 李耀武

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the expression and distribution of miR-206-3p and its target gene Bdnf (brain-derived neurotrophic factor) in mouse skin and the potential roles during the development of skin.Methods The full-thickness back skins of BALB/c mice on the 13.5 dpc (day post coition),15.5 dpc,17.5 dpc,1 dpp (day post partum),4 dpp and 16 weeks were collected respectively.The expression levels of miR-206-3p and BdnfmRNA were measured by real time RT-PCR,and BDNF protein was detected by western blot.The distributions of miR-206-3p and BDNF in tissue were profiled by in situ hybridization (ISH) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) respectively.Results The expression level of miR-206-3p increased gradually until 17.5 dpc and subsequently receded to the similar level of the 13.5 dpc during adult stage.The expression of BDNF protein exhibited in the opposite manner of miR-206-3p but BdnfmRNA remained stable from the 17.5 dpc until adult stage.ISH results showed that the distribution of miR-206-3p was gradually regionalized during the development of skin in the postnatal days and mainly located in the suprabasal layer and periphery of hair follicles,which was adjacent to the regions of BDNF expression at the same stage in a nonoverlapping manner.Conclusion The miR-206-3p may be involved in neurodevelopment of mouse skin through the post-transcriptional regulation of Bdnf.%目的 对小鼠皮肤中miR-206-3p及其靶基因脑源性神经营养因子(Bdnf)进行表达与定位检测,以探讨其在皮肤发育过程中的可能作用.方法 手术剪取13.5 dpc(交配后天数)、15.5 dpc、17.5 dpc胎鼠,1 dpp(出生后天数)、4 dpp乳鼠及16周龄雄鼠的背部全层皮肤,用实时荧光定量RT-PCR检测miR-206-3p与Bdnf mRNA的表达水平,western blot检测BDNF蛋白质表达水平,原位杂交与免疫组化分别检测miR-206-3p与BDNF的组织定位.结果 皮肤中miR-206-3p在胚胎期持续升高,到17.5 dpc后逐渐降低,于成年鼠时回复至13.5 dpc时

  19. A multi-frequency study of the peculiar interacting system Arp 206

    Arp 206 is a nearby, relatively large, and bright interacting system comprising unequal members: NGC 3432 and UGC 5983. A third anonymous galaxy, Arp 206c, is visible in the field. The CCD images show a well-developed bridge between NGC 3432 and UGC 5983. On the other hand, the complex H I tails are not visible in the optical. In the total H I map, the bridge is lost in a general envelope encompassing both galaxies. The bridge also appears to have some radio emission. On the Total H I map the system is rather edge-on, far more than it would appear in optical wavelengths. UGC 5983 falls exactly in line with NGC 3432. The velocity of the centers of mass of NGC 3432 and UGC 5983 are 530 km s(exp -1) and 630 km s(exp -1), respectively. In view of the considerable damage sustained by NGC 3432 and the apparent low mass of UGC 5983, it appears that the passage must have been at near parabolic speed, with a small pericentric distance and a very low inclination with rspect to the disk of NGC 3432. The apparent distribution of H I along the z axis of the galaxy could be accounted for by projection effects. The tidal appendage found at higher velocities, which rises at a P.A. approx. equal to 25 degrees west of the main body of the galaxy is probably the tail, the part of the tidal damage away from the perturbing companion. The bridge may be rising north-east from the galaxy and then continue under to the south of the galaxy. The relative sizes of the appendages would indicate that the pericenter was crossed recently. Any further inferences about the collision parameters will need to await the results of detailed computational modelling of the interaction. The authors also summarize the observational characteristics of NGC 3432, UGC 5983, and Arp 206c

  20. Coulomb excitation of re-accelerated 208Rn and 206Po beams

    In the present study, B(E2; 2+ → 0+) values have been measured in the 208Rn and 206Po nuclei through Coulomb excitation of re-accelerated radioactive beams in inverse kinematics at CERN-ISOLDE. The resulting B(E2; 2+ → 0+) in 208Rn is ∼ 0.08 e2b2. These nuclei lie in, or at the boundary of the region where seniority scheme should persist. However, contributions from collective excitations may be present when moving away from the N = 126 shell closure. To date, surprisingly little is known of the transition probabilities between the low-spin states in this region. (authors)

  1. Higgs Candidates in $e^+ e^-$ Interactions at $\\sqrt{s}$= 206.6 GeV

    Acciarri, M; Adriani, O; Aguilar-Benítez, M; Alcaraz, J; Alemanni, G; Allaby, James V; Aloisio, A; Alviggi, M G; Ambrosi, G; Anderhub, H; Andreev, V P; Angelescu, T; Anselmo, F; Arefev, A; Azemoon, T; Aziz, T; Bagnaia, P; Bajo, A; Baksay, L; Balandras, A; Baldew, S V; Todorova-Nová, S; Banerjee, Sw; Barczyk, A; Barillère, R; Bartalini, P; Basile, M; Batalova, N; Battiston, R; Bay, A; Becattini, F; Becker, U; Behner, F; Bellucci, L; Berbeco, R; Berdugo, J; Berges, P; Bertucci, B; Betev, B L; Bhattacharya, S; Biasini, M; Biland, A; Blaising, J J; Blyth, S C; Bobbink, Gerjan J; Böhm, A; Boldizsar, L; Borgia, B; Bourilkov, D; Bourquin, Maurice; Braccini, S; Branson, J G; Brochu, F; Buffini, A; Buijs, A; Burger, J D; Burger, W J; Cai, X D; Capell, M; Cara Romeo, G; Carlino, G; Cartacci, A M; Casaus, J; Castellini, G; Cavallari, F; Cavallo, N; Cecchi, C; Cerrada-Canales, M; Cesaroni, F; Chamizo-Llatas, M; Chang, Y H; Chaturvedi, U K; Chemarin, M; Chen, A; Chen, G; Chen, G M; Chen, H F; Chen, H S; Chiefari, G; Cifarelli, Luisa; Cindolo, F; Civinini, C; Clare, I; Clare, R; Coignet, G; Colino, N; Costantini, S; Cotorobai, F; de la Cruz, B; Csilling, Akos; Cucciarelli, S; Dai, T S; van Dalen, J A; D'Alessandro, R; De Asmundis, R; Déglon, P L; Degré, A; Deiters, K; Della Volpe, D; Delmeire, E; Denes, P; De Notaristefani, F; De Salvo, A; Diemoz, M; Dierckxsens, M; Van Dierendonck, D N; Dionisi, C; Dittmar, Michael; Dominguez, A; Doria, A; Dova, M T; Duchesneau, D; Dufournaud, D; Duinker, P; Durán, I; El-Mamouni, H; Engler, A; Eppling, F J; Erné, F C; Ewers, A; Extermann, Pierre; Fabre, M; Falagán, M A; Falciano, S; Favara, A; Fay, J; Fedin, O; Felcini, Marta; Ferguson, T; Fesefeldt, H S; Fiandrini, E; Field, J H; Filthaut, Frank; Fisher, P H; Fisk, I; Forconi, G; Freudenreich, Klaus; Furetta, C; Galaktionov, Yu; Ganguli, S N; García-Abia, P; Gataullin, M; Gau, S S; Gentile, S; Gheordanescu, N; Giagu, S; Gong, Z F; Grenier, G; Grimm, O; Grünewald, M W; Guida, M; van Gulik, R; Gupta, V K; Gurtu, A; Gutay, L J; Haas, D; Hasan, A; Hatzifotiadou, D; Hebbeker, T; Hervé, A; Hidas, P; Hirschfelder, J; Hofer, H; Holzner, G; Hoorani, H; Hou, S R; Hu, Y; Iashvili, I; Jin, B N; Jones, L W; de Jong, P; Josa-Mutuberria, I; Khan, R A; Käfer, D; Kaur, M; Kienzle-Focacci, M N; Kim, D; Kim, J K; Kirkby, Jasper; Kiss, D; Kittel, E W; Klimentov, A; König, A C; Kopal, M; Kopp, A; Koutsenko, V F; Kräber, M H; Krämer, R W; Krenz, W; Krüger, A; Kunin, A; Ladrón de Guevara, P; Laktineh, I; Landi, G; Lebeau, M; Lebedev, A; Lebrun, P; Lecomte, P; Lecoq, P; Le Coultre, P; Lee, H J; Le Goff, J M; Leiste, R; Levchenko, P M; Li Chuan; Likhoded, S A; Lin, C H; Lin, W T; Linde, Frank L; Lista, L; Liu, Z A; Lohmann, W; Longo, E; Lü, Y S; Lübelsmeyer, K; Luci, C; Luckey, D; Lugnier, L; Luminari, L; Lustermann, W; Ma Wen Gan; Maity, M; Malgeri, L; Malinin, A; Maña, C; Mangeol, D J J; Mans, J; Marian, G; Martin, J P; Marzano, F; Mazumdar, K; McNeil, R R; Mele, S; Merola, L; Meschini, M; Metzger, W J; Von der Mey, M; Mihul, A; Milcent, H; Mirabelli, G; Mnich, J; Mohanty, G B; Moulik, T; Muanza, G S; Muijs, A J M; Musicar, B; Musy, M; Napolitano, M; Nessi-Tedaldi, F; Newman, H; Niessen, T; Nisati, A; Nowak, H; Ofierzynski, R A; Organtini, G; Oulianov, A; Palomares, C; Pandoulas, D; Paoletti, S; Paolucci, P; Paramatti, R; Park, H K; Park, I H; Passaleva, G; Patricelli, S; Paul, T; Pauluzzi, M; Paus, C; Pauss, Felicitas; Pedace, M; Pensotti, S; Perret-Gallix, D; Petersen, B; Piccolo, D; Pierella, F; Pieri, M; Piroué, P A; Pistolesi, E; Plyaskin, V; Pohl, M; Pozhidaev, V; Postema, H; Pothier, J; Prokofiev, D O; Prokofev, D; Quartieri, J; Rahal-Callot, G; Rahaman, M A; Raics, P; Raja, N; Ramelli, R; Rancoita, P G; Ranieri, R; Raspereza, A V; Raven, G; Razis, P A; Ren, D; Rescigno, M; Reucroft, S; Riemann, S; Riles, K; Rodin, J; Roe, B P; Romero, L; Rosca, A; Rosier-Lees, S; Roth, S; Rosenbleck, C; Rubio, Juan Antonio; Ruggiero, G; Rykaczewski, H; Saremi, S; Sarkar, S; Salicio, J; Sánchez, E; Sanders, M P; Schäfer, C; Shchegelskii, V; Schmidt-Kärst, S; Schmitz, D; Schopper, Herwig Franz; Schotanus, D J; Schwering, G; Sciacca, C; Seganti, A; Servoli, L; Shevchenko, S; Shivarov, N; Shoutko, V; Shumilov, E; Shvorob, A V; Siedenburg, T; Son, D; Smith, B; Spillantini, P; Steuer, M; Stickland, D P; Stone, A; Stoyanov, B; Strässner, A; Sudhakar, K; Sultanov, G G; Sun, L Z; Sushkov, S V; Suter, H; Swain, J D; Szillási, Z; Sztaricskai, T; Tang, X W; Tauscher, Ludwig; Taylor, L; Tellili, B; Timmermans, C; Ting, Samuel C C; Ting, S M; Tonwar, S C; Tóth, J; Tully, C; Tung, K L; Uchida, Y; Ulbricht, J; Valente, E; Vesztergombi, G; Vetlitskii, I; Vicinanza, D; Viertel, Gert M; Villa, S; Vivargent, M; Vlachos, S; Vodopyanov, I; Vogel, H; Vogt, H; Vorobev, I; Vorobyov, A A; Vorvolakos, A; Wadhwa, M; Wallraff, W; Wang, M; Wang, X L; Wang, Z M; Weber, A; Weber, M; Wienemann, P; Wilkens, H; Wu, S X; Wynhoff, S; Xia, L; Xu, Z Z; Yamamoto, J; Yang, B Z; Yang, C G; Yang, H J; Yang, M; Ye, J B; Yeh, S C; Zalite, A; Zalite, Yu; Zhang, Z P; Zhu, G Y; Zhu, R Y; Zichichi, A; Zilizi, G; Zimmermann, B; Zöller, M

    2000-01-01

    In a search for the Standard Model Higgs boson, carried out on 212.5~$\\mathrm{pb^{-1}}$ of data collected by the L3 detector at the highest LEP centre-of-mass energies, including 116.5~$\\mathrm{pb^{-1}}$ above $\\sqrt{s} = 206$~GeV, an excess of candidates for the process $e^+ e^- \\rightarrow Z^{*}\\rightarrow HZ$ is found for Higgs masses near 114.5~GeV. We present an analysis of our data and the characteristics of our strongest candidates.

  2. Mechanism of Regulatory Effect of MicroRNA-206 on Connexin 43 in Distant Metastasis of Breast Cancer

    Zi-Jing Lin; Jia Ming; Lu Yang; Jun-Ze Du; Ning Wang; Hao-Jun Luo

    2016-01-01

    Background: MicroRNA-206 (miR-206) and connexin 43 (Cx43) are related with the distant metastasis of breast cancer.It remains unclear whether the regulatory effect of miR-206 on Cx43 is involved in metastasis of breast cancer.Methods: Using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot, the expressions of miR-206 and Cx43 were determined in breast cancer tissues, hepatic and pulmonary metastasis (PM), and cell lines (MCF-10A, MCF-7, and MDA-MB-231).MCF-7/MDA-M-231 cells were transfected with lentivirus-shRNA vectors to enhance/inhibit miR-206, and then Cx43 expression was observed.Cell counting kit-8 assay and Transwell method were used to detect their changes in proliferation, migration, and invasion activity.The mutant plasmids of Cx43-3' untranslated region (3'UTR) at position 478-484 and position 1609-1615 were constructed.Luciferase reporter assay was performed to observe the effects of miR-206 on luciferase expression of different mutant plasmids and to confirm the potential binding sites of Cx43.Results: Cx43 protein expression in hepatic and PM was significantly higher than that in the primary tumor, while no significant difference was showed in messenger RNA (mRNA) expression.MiR-206 mRNA expression in hepatic and PM was significantly lower than that in the primary tumor.Cx43 mRNA and protein levels, as well as cell proliferation, migration, and invasion capabilities, were all significantly improved in MDA-MB-231 cells after reducing miR-206 expression but decreased in MCF-7 cells after elevating miR-206 expression, which demonstrated a significantly negative correlation between miR-206 and Cx43 expression (P =0.03).MiR-206 can drastically decrease Cx43 expression of MCF-7 cells but exerts no effects on Cx43 expression in 293 cells transfected with the Cx43 coding region but the lack of Cx43-3'UTR, suggesting that Cx43-3'UTR may be the key in Cx43 regulated by miR-206.Luciferase expression showed that the inhibition efficiency was

  3. Processing and geologic analysis of conventional cores from well ER-20-6 No. 1, Nevada Test Site

    In 1996, Well Cluster ER-20-6 was drilled on Pahute Mesa in Area 20, in the northwestern corner of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The three wells of the cluster are located from 166 to 296 meters (m) (544 to 971 feet [ft]) southwest of the site of the underground nuclear test code-named BULLION, conducted in 1990 in Emplacement Hole U-20bd. The well cluster was planned to be the site of a forced-gradient experiment designed to investigate radionuclide transport in groundwater. To obtain additional information on the occurrence of radionuclides, nature of fractures, and lithology, a portion of Well ER-20-6 No. 1, the hole closest to the explosion cavity, was cored for later analysis. Bechtel Nevada (BN) geologists originally prepared the geologic interpretation of the Well Cluster ER-20-6 site and documented the geology of each well in the cluster. However, the cores from Well ER-20-6 No. 1 were not accessible at the time of that work. As the forced-gradient experiment and other radio nuclide migration studies associated with the well cluster progressed, it was deemed appropriate to open the cores, describe the geology, and re-package the core for long-term air-tight storage. This report documents and describes the processing, geologic analysis, and preservation of the conventional cores from Well ER20-6 No. 1

  4. Processing and geologic analysis of conventional cores from well ER-20-6 No. 1, Nevada Test Site

    Prothro, L.B., Townsend, M.J.; Drellack, S.L. Jr. [and others

    1997-09-01

    In 1996, Well Cluster ER-20-6 was drilled on Pahute Mesa in Area 20, in the northwestern corner of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The three wells of the cluster are located from 166 to 296 meters (m) (544 to 971 feet [ft]) southwest of the site of the underground nuclear test code-named BULLION, conducted in 1990 in Emplacement Hole U-20bd. The well cluster was planned to be the site of a forced-gradient experiment designed to investigate radionuclide transport in groundwater. To obtain additional information on the occurrence of radionuclides, nature of fractures, and lithology, a portion of Well ER-20-6 No. 1, the hole closest to the explosion cavity, was cored for later analysis. Bechtel Nevada (BN) geologists originally prepared the geologic interpretation of the Well Cluster ER-20-6 site and documented the geology of each well in the cluster. However, the cores from Well ER-20-6 No. 1 were not accessible at the time of that work. As the forced-gradient experiment and other radio nuclide migration studies associated with the well cluster progressed, it was deemed appropriate to open the cores, describe the geology, and re-package the core for long-term air-tight storage. This report documents and describes the processing, geologic analysis, and preservation of the conventional cores from Well ER20-6 No. 1.

  5. Fatores que influenciaram a evolução de 206 pacientes com traumatismo craniencefálico grave Relevant factors in 206 patients with severe head injury

    Venâncio Pereira Dantas Filho

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available A busca de fatores prognósticos para o traumatismo craniencefálico (TCE tem sido alvo de muitos estudos nas últimas décadas. A identificação de indicadores consistentes da evolução destes pacientes tem representado um grande desafio e sua utilidade considerada evidente tanto para orientar o tratamento, quanto para a estimativa do resultado final. Baseados numa casuística de 206 pacientes com TCE grave (8 pontos ou menos pela Escala de Coma de Glasgow - ECG, estudamos a influência de vários fatores sobre a evolução dos pacientes. A gravidade inicial medida pela ECG, a presença de hipertensão intracraniana (níveis acima de 20 mmHg, o tipo de lesão intracraniana e a presença de hipoxia, hipotensão arterial e a associação de hipóxia e hipotensão arterial tiveram influência significativa sobre a evolução dos pacientes. A presença de politraumatismo (pelo menos dois sítios de lesão além do TCE e a idade (acima e abaixo de 40 anos não influenciaram significativamente a evolução dos pacientes desta casuística.The search for head injury prognostic factors has been intense in the last decades. The importance of identification of these factors has been also recognised to treatment orientation and results estimatives. Based on 206 severe head injuried patients series, we analized the influence of factors over the outcome. The initial severity by Glasgow coma scale, the presence of intracranial hypertension (over 20 mmHg, the type of intracranial lesion and the presence of hypoxia, systemic hypotension or both, significantly influenced the results. The presence of multiple traumas (at least two sites of lesion over head injury, as age, did not influence the final results in this series.

  6. Measurement of the radiative neutron capture cross section of 206Pb and its astrophysical implications

    Domingo-Pardo, C; Aerts, G; Alvarez, H; Alvarez-Velarde, F; Andriamonje, Samuel A; Andrzejewski, J; Assimakopoulos, Panayiotis; Audouin, L; Badurek, G; Baumann, P; Becvar, F; Berthoumieux, E; Bisterzo, S; Calviño, F; Calviani, M; Cano-Ott, D; Capote, R; Carrapico, C; Cennini, P; Chepel, V; Chiaveri, Enrico; Colonna, N; Cortés, G; Couture, A; Cox, J; Dahlfors, M; David, S; Dillman, I; Dolfini, R; Dridi, W; Durán, I; Eleftheriadis, C; Embid-Segura, M; Ferrant, L; Ferrari, A; Ferreira-Marques, R; Fitzpatrick, L; Frais-Kölbl, H; Fujii, K; Furman, W; Gallino, R; Gonçalves, I; Gonzalez-Romero, E; Goverdovski, A; Gramegna, F; Griesmayer, E; Guerrero, C; Gunsing, F; Haas, B; Haight, R; Heil, M; Herrera-Martínez, A; Igashira, M; Isaev, M; Jericha, E; Kappeler, F; Kadi, Y; Karadimos, D; Karamanis, D; Kerveno, M; Ketlerov, V; Köhler, P; Konovalov, V; Kossionides, E; Krticka, M; Lamboudis, C; Leeb, H; Lindote, A; Lopes, I; Lozano, M; Lukic, S; Marganiec, J; Marrone, S; Massimi, C; Mastinu, P; Mengoni, A; Milazzo, P M; Moreau, C; Mosconi, M; Neves, F; Oberhummer, Heinz; Oshima, M; O'Brien, S; Pancin, J; Papachristodoulou, C; Papadopoulos, C; Paradela, C; Patronis, N; Pavlik, A; Pavlopoulos, P; Perrot, L; Plag, R; Plompen, A; Plukis, A; Poch, A; Pretel, C; Quesada, J; Rauscher, T; Reifarth, R; Rosetti, M; Rubbia, Carlo; Rudolf, G; Rullhusen, P; Salgado, J; Sarchiapone, L; Savvidis, I; Stéphan, C; Tagliente, G; Taín, J L; Tassan-Got, L; Tavora, L; Terlizzi, R; Vannini, G; Vaz, P; Ventura, A; Villamarín, D; Vincente, M C; Vlachoudis, V; Vlastou, R; Voss, F; Walter, S; Wendler, H; Wiescher, M; Wisshak, K

    2007-01-01

    The (n, gamma) cross section of 206Pb has been measured at the CERN n_TOF facility with high resolution in the energy range from 1 eV to 600 keV by using two optimized C6D6 detectors. In the investigated energy interval about 130 resonances could be observed, from which 61 had enough statistics to be reliably analyzed via the R-matrix analysis code SAMMY. Experimental uncertainties were minimized, in particular with respect to (i) angular distribution effects of the prompt capture gamma-rays, and to (ii) the TOF-dependent background due to sample-scattered neutrons. Other background components were addressed by background measurements with an enriched 208Pb sample. The effect of the lower energy cutoff in the pulse height spectra of the C6D6 detectors was carefully corrected via Monte Carlo simulations. Compared to previous 206Pb values, the Maxwellian averaged capture cross sections derived from these data are about 20% and 9% lower at thermal energies of 5 keV and 30 keV, respectively. These new results hav...

  7. COL Application Content Guide for HTGRs: Revision to RG 1.206, Part 1 - Status Report

    Wayne Moe

    2012-08-01

    A combined license (COL) application is required by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) for all proposed nuclear plants. The information requirements for a COL application are set forth in 10 CFR 52.79, “Contents of Applications; Technical Information in Final Safety Analysis Report.” An applicant for a modular high temperature gas-cooled reactor (HTGR) must develop and submit for NRC review and approval a COL application which conforms to these requirements. The technical information necessary to allow NRC staff to evaluate a COL application and resolve all safety issues related to a proposed nuclear plant is detailed and comprehensive. To this, Regulatory Guide (RG) 1.206, “Combined License Applications for Nuclear Power Plants” (LWR Edition), was developed to assist light water reactor (LWR) applicants in incorporating and effectively formatting required information for COL application review (Ref. 1). However, the guidance prescribed in RG 1.206 presumes a LWR design proposal consistent with the systems and functions associated with large LWR power plants currently operating under NRC license.

  8. $^{206}$ Po sources for production and release studies relevant for high power spallation targets

    The knowledge of the evaporation behaviour of Po is of essential importance for several scientific and technological applications, like accelerator driven systems (ADS) or the LIEBE project at CERN-ISOLDE. Fundamental investigations on the experimental conditions for the formation of volatile Po species as well as on the chemical composition of the volatile compounds are necessary for a safe operation of such facilities. $^{206}$Po, a mainly $\\gamma$- ray-emitting Po isotope with a half-life of 8.8 d, is best suited for model studies, due to the lower radiation hazard compared to the longer-lived $\\alpha$-emitting isotopes $^{208-210}$Po as well as the easy-tomeasure $\\gamma$-ray emission. We propose the production of $^{206}$Po samples in several matrices via the implantation of its precursor $^{210}$Fr into selected metal foils at CERN-ISOLDE. Using these samples, experiments will be carried out at PSI studying the volatilization of Po from different matrices under varying chemical conditions.

  9. Ocular Effects Of Laser Radiation From 1.06 to 2.06μ

    Stuck, Bruce E.; Lund, David J.; Beatrice, Edwin S.

    1980-10-01

    Ocular dose-response relationships were experimentally determined by ophthalmoscopy and biomicroscopy for selected exposure conditions at the following laser wavelengths: 1.064 μ (neodymium), 1.318 μ and 1.338 μ (neodymium), 1.54 μ (erbium), and 2.06 μ (holmium). The ocular responses were observed in Rhesus monkey eyes. Corneal effects were produced at 1.3 μ, 1.54 μ, and 2.06 μ, and no retinal or lenticular effects were observed for the conditions tested. Both the dose required to produce a minimal corneal lesion and the depth of the response exhibit a wavelength dependence. The corneal damage thresholds were indicative of the relative absorption properties of the cornea. These results suggest that current permissible exposure limits for wavelengths in this region should be elevated to reflect the relative absorption properties of the ocular media. The 1.3 μ neodymium laser appears to offer an advantage in ocular safety, an important consideration in system applications.

  10. YOUNG STELLAR OBJECTS IN THE LARGE MAGELLANIC CLOUD STAR-FORMING REGION N206

    We present analysis of the energetic star-forming region Henize 206 (N206) located near the southern edge of the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) based on photometric data from the Spitzer Surveying the Agents of Galaxy Evolution (SAGE-LMC; IRAC 3.6, 4.5, 5.8, 8.0 μm and MIPS 24 μm), Infrared Survey Facility near-infrared survey (J, H, Ks ), and the Magellanic Clouds Photometric Survey (MCPS UBVI) covering a wavelength range of 0.36-24 μm. Young stellar object (YSO) candidates are identified based upon their location in infrared color-magnitude space and classified by the shapes of their spectral energy distributions in comparison with a pre-computed grid of YSO models. We identify 116 YSO candidates: 102 are well characterized by the YSO models, predominately Stage I, and 14 may be multiple sources or young sources with transition disks. Careful examination of the individual sources and their surrounding environment allows us to identify a factor of ∼14.5 more YSO candidates than have already been identified. The total mass of these well-fit YSO candidates is ∼520 Msun. We calculate a current star formation rate of 0.27 x 10-1 Msun yr-1 kpc-2. The distribution of YSO candidates appears to follow shells of neutral material in the interstellar medium.

  11. A novel missense (M206K STAT3 mutation in diffuse large B cell lymphoma deregulates STAT3 signaling.

    Guangzhen Hu

    Full Text Available Persistent STAT3 activation has been found in activated B-cell like diffuse large B cell tumors (DLBCL. To investigate whether genetic mutations play a role in aberrant STAT3 signaling in DLBCL, we bi-directionally sequenced all 24 exons of the STAT3 gene in DLBCL tumors (n = 40. We identified 2 novel point mutations in 2 separate (2/40; 5% patients at exon 7 and 24. Point mutation 2552G>A was a silent mutation in the stop codon. Another heterozygous mutation 857T>A encoded a methionine substitution by lysine at codon 206 (M206K in the coiled-coil domain of STAT3. We performed site directed mutagenesis to mutate wild type (WT STAT3α and STAT3β at codon 206 and constructed stable cell lines by lentiviral transfection of STAT3α(WT, STAT3α(M206K, STAT3β(WT and STAT3β(M206K plasmids. The mutation was found to increase STAT3 phosphorylation in STAT3α mutant cell lines with no effect on the STAT3β mutant cell line. Transcriptional activation was also increased in the STAT3α mutant cells compared with STAT3α WT cells as detected by a luciferase reporter assay. Moreover, STAT3α(M206K mutant cells were resistant to JAK2 pathway inhibition compared to STAT3α WT cells. These results indicate that missense mutations in STAT3 increase signaling through the JAK/STAT pathway. JAK2 inhibitors may be useful in the patient with this STAT3 mutation as well as those with pathway activation by other mechanisms.

  12. miR-206 Represses Hypertrophy of Myogenic Cells but Not Muscle Fibers via Inhibition of HDAC4

    Winbanks, Catherine E.; Beyer, Claudia; Hagg, Adam; Qian, Hongwei; Sepulveda, Patricio V.; Gregorevic, Paul

    2013-01-01

    microRNAs regulate the development of myogenic progenitors, and the formation of skeletal muscle fibers. However, the role miRNAs play in controlling the growth and adaptation of post-mitotic musculature is less clear. Here, we show that inhibition of the established pro-myogenic regulator miR-206 can promote hypertrophy and increased protein synthesis in post-mitotic cells of the myogenic lineage. We have previously demonstrated that histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) is a target of miR-206 in th...

  13. Overexpression of microRNA-206 in the skeletal muscle from myotonic dystrophy type 1 patients

    Angelini Corrado

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background MicroRNAs are highly conserved, noncoding RNAs involved in post-transcriptional gene silencing. They have been shown to participate in a wide range of biological processes, including myogenesis and muscle regeneration. The goal of this study is to test the hypothesis that myo-miRs (myo = muscle + miR = miRNA expression is altered in muscle from patients affected by myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1, the most frequently inherited neuromuscular disease in adults. In order to gain better insights about the role of miRNAs in the DM1 pathogenesis, we have also analyzed the muscular expression of miR-103 and miR-107, which have been identified in silico as attractive candidates for binding to the DMPK mRNA. Methods To this aim, we have profiled the expression of miR-133 (miR-133a, miR-133b, miR-1, miR-181 (miR-181a, miR-181b, miR-181c and miR-206, that are specifically induced during myogenesis in cardiac and skeletal muscle tissues. miR-103 and miR-107, highly expressed in brain, heart and muscle have also been included in this study. QRT-PCR experiments have been performed on RNA from vastus lateralis biopsies of DM1 patients (n = 7 and control subjects (n = 4. Results of miRNAs expression have been confirmed by Northern blot, whereas in situ hybridization technique have been performed to localize misexpressed miRNAs on muscle sections from DM1 and control individuals. Results Only miR-206 showed an over-expression in 5 of 7 DM1 patients (threshold = 2, fold change between 1.20 and 13.22, average = 5.37 compared to the control group. This result has been further confirmed by Northern blot analysis (3.37-fold overexpression, R2 = 0.89. In situ hybridization localized miR-206 to nuclear site both in normal and DM1 tissues. Cellular distribution in DM1 tissues includes also the nuclear regions of centralized nuclei, with a strong signal corresponding to nuclear clumps. Conclusions This work provides, for the first time, evidences about

  14. 30 CFR 206.111 - How do I determine a transportation allowance if I do not have an arm's-length transportation...

    2010-07-01

    ... if I do not have an arm's-length transportation contract or arm's-length tariff? 206.111 Section 206... have an arm's-length transportation contract or arm's-length tariff? (a) This section applies if you or your affiliate do not have an arm's-length transportation contract, including situations where you...

  15. 30 CFR 206.53 - How do I determine value for oil that I or my affiliate do(es) not sell under an arm's-length...

    2010-07-01

    ... affiliate do(es) not sell under an arm's-length contract? 206.53 Section 206.53 Mineral Resources MINERALS....53 How do I determine value for oil that I or my affiliate do(es) not sell under an arm's-length contract? (a) The unit value of your oil not sold under an arm's-length contract is the...

  16. 18 CFR Appendix I to Subpart F of... - Procedures for Compliance With the Endangered Species Act of 1973 Under § 157.206(b)(3)(i)

    2010-04-01

    ... CFR 402.02. The certificate holder shall be deemed in compliance with § 157.206(b)(2)(vi) of the... appropriate) as determined pursuant to 50 CFR 402.01 for the purpose of initiating informal consultations. 2... Compliance With the Endangered Species Act of 1973 Under § 157.206(b)(3)(i) I Appendix I to Subpart F...

  17. 30 CFR 206.181 - How do I establish processing costs for dual accounting purposes when I do not process the gas?

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false How do I establish processing costs for dual accounting purposes when I do not process the gas? 206.181 Section 206.181 Mineral Resources MINERALS... be deemed to be denied and subject to appeal to the MMS Director under 30 CFR part 290....

  18. 40 CFR 600.206-08 - Calculation and use of FTP-based and HFET-based fuel economy values for vehicle configurations.

    2010-07-01

    ... HFET-based fuel economy values for vehicle configurations. 600.206-08 Section 600.206-08 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year...

  19. 40 CFR 600.206-12 - Calculation and use of FTP-based and HFET-based fuel economy and carbon-related exhaust emission...

    2010-07-01

    ... HFET-based fuel economy and carbon-related exhaust emission values for vehicle configurations. 600.206-12 Section 600.206-12 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations...

  20. miR-206 is down-regulated in breast cancer and inhibits cell proliferation through the up-regulation of cyclinD2

    Zhou, Jing, E-mail: zhougjing9888@163.com [Department of Oncology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu (China); Tian, Ye, E-mail: tianye2010077@163.com [Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Affiliated Yijishan Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, Anhui (China); Li, Juan, E-mail: 402310848@163.com [Department of Oncology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu (China); Lu, Binbin, E-mail: lubin1976@163.com [Department of Oncology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu (China); Sun, Ming, E-mail: 422825636@qq.com [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu (China); Zou, Yanfen, E-mail: 569111165@qq.com [Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Jiangsu Province Hospital, Nanjing, Jiangsu (China); Kong, Rong, E-mail: 31815857@qq.com [Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu (China); Luo, Yanhong, E-mail: 252376737@qq.com [School of Pharmacy, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu (China); Shi, Yongguo, E-mail: 12071018@qq.com [Department of Oncology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu (China); Wang, Keming, E-mail: Tianyr1@163.com [Department of Oncology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu (China); Ji, Guozhong, E-mail: 252376737@qq.com [Department of Oncology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, Jiangsu (China)

    2013-04-05

    Highlights: ► miR-206 was downexpressed in tumor samples compared with matched normal samples. ► Enhanced expression of miR-206 could inhibit breast cancer growth in vitro. ► Luciferase confirmed miR-206 functions as an anti-oncogene by targeting cyclinD2. ► A reverse correlation between miR-206 and cyclinD2 in breast cancer was found. -- Abstract: MicroRNAs act as important gene regulators in human genomes, and their aberrant expression is linked to many malignancies. Aberrant expression of miR-206 has been frequently reported in cancer studies; however, the role and mechanism of its function in breast cancer remains unclear. Quantitative real-time PCR was performed to detect the relative expression levels of miR-206 in breast cancer and normal breast tissues. Lower expression of miR-206 in breast cancer tissues was associated with larger tumour size and a more advanced clinical stage. Further in vitro observations showed that the enforced expression of miR-206 in MCF-7 breast cancer cells inhibited cell growth by blocking the G1/S transition and suppressed cell proliferation and colony formation, implying that miR-206 functions as a tumour suppressor in the progression of breast cancer. Interestingly, Luciferase assays first revealed that miR-206 inhibited cyclinD2 expression by targeting two binding sites in the 3′-untranslated region of cyclinD2 mRNA. qRT-PCR and Western blot assays verified that miR-206 reduced cyclinD2 expression at both the mRNA and protein levels. A reverse correlation between miR-206 and cyclinD2 expression was noted in breast cancer tissues. Altogether, our results identify a crucial tumour suppressive role of miR-206 in the progression of breast cancer, at least partly via up-regulation of the expression of cyclinD2, and suggest that miR-206 might be a candidate prognostic predictor or an anticancer therapeutic target for breast cancer patients.

  1. SHELS: A complete galaxy redshift survey with R ≤ 20.6

    Geller, Margaret J.; Hwang, Ho Seong; Fabricant, Daniel G.; Kurtz, Michael J. [Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Dell' Antonio, Ian P. [Department of Physics, Brown University, Box 1843, Providence, RI 02912 (United States); Zahid, Harus Jabran, E-mail: mgeller@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: hhwang@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: dfabricant@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: mkurtz@cfa.harvard.edu, E-mail: ian@het.brown.edu, E-mail: jabran@ifa.hawaii.edu [Institute for Astronomy, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States)

    2014-08-01

    The SHELS (Smithsonian Hectospec Lensing Survey) is a complete redshift survey covering two well-separated fields (F1 and F2) of the Deep Lens Survey to a limiting R = 20.6. Here we describe the redshift survey of the F2 field (R.A.{sub 2000} = 09{sup h}19{sup m}32.4 and decl.{sub 2000} = +30°00'00''). The survey includes 16,294 new redshifts measured with the Hectospec on the MMT. The resulting survey of the 4 deg{sup 2} F2 field is 95% complete to R = 20.6, currently the densest survey to this magnitude limit. The median survey redshift is z = 0.3; the survey provides a view of structure in the range 0.1 ≲ z ≲ 0.6. An animation displays the large-scale structure in the survey region. We provide a redshift, spectral index D {sub n}4000, and stellar mass for each galaxy in the survey. We also provide a metallicity for each galaxy in the range 0.2

  2. 45 CFR 46.206 - Research involving, after delivery, the placenta, the dead fetus or fetal material.

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION PROTECTION OF HUMAN SUBJECTS Additional Protections for Pregnant Women, Human Fetuses and Neonates Involved in Research § 46.206 Research involving, after delivery, the... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Research involving, after delivery, the...

  3. 48 CFR 206.302-1 - Only one responsible source and no other supplies or services will satisfy agency requirements.

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Only one responsible... ACQUISITION PLANNING COMPETITION REQUIREMENTS Other Than Full and Open Competition 206.302-1 Only one... office, determines that— (i) Following thorough technical evaluation, only one source is fully...

  4. Structure of a fluorescent protein from Aequorea victoria bearing the obligate-monomer mutation A206K

    The first structure of a fluorescent protein derived from A. victoria green fluorescent protein bearing the obligate-monomer mutation A206K is presented and shows no significant structural change in the vicinity of the fluorescent chromophore. The green fluorescent protein (GFP) from the jellyfish Aequoria victoria has been shown to dimerize at high concentrations, which could lead to artefacts in imaging experiments. To ensure a truly monomeric state, an A206K mutation has been introduced into most of its widely used variants, with minimal effect on the spectroscopic properties. Here, the first structure of one of these variants, the cyan fluorescent protein mTurquoise, is presented and compared with that of its dimeric version mTurquoise-K206A. No significant structural change is detected in the chromophore cavity, reinforcing the notion that this mutation is spectroscopically silent and validating that the structural analysis performed on dimeric mutants also applies to monomeric versions. Finally, it is explained why cyan versions of GFP containing the Y66W and N146I mutations do not require the A206K mutation to prevent dimerization at high concentrations

  5. 24 CFR 206.131 - Contract rights and obligations for mortgages on individual dwelling units in a condominium.

    2010-04-01

    ... FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND... MORTGAGE INSURANCE Contract Rights and Obligations Condominiums § 206.131 Contract rights and obligations... facilities as may be designated. (c) Assignment of the mortgage. If the mortgagee assigns the mortgage on...

  6. 17 CFR 275.206(4)-2 - Custody of funds or securities of clients by investment advisers.

    2010-04-01

    ... certificate on Form ADV-E (17 CFR 279.8) with the Commission within 120 days of the time chosen by the... Regulation S-X (17 CFR 210.1-02(d))): (i) At least annually and distributes its audited financial statements... companies. You are not required to comply with this section (17 CFR 275.206(4)-2) with respect to...

  7. [Genetic analysis and SSR mapping on an new stem stripe rust resistance gene YrY206 in Aegilops tauschii].

    Zhang, Haiquan; Lang, Jie; Ma, Shuqin; Zhang, Baoshi

    2008-08-01

    A wheat stripe rust resistance gene was screened out from Aegilops tauschii which is relative genera of wheat species, broadening the genetic basis of the anti-disease character of wheat species. By hybridizing diversed Ae. Tauschii species, which is either resistant or susceptible to wheat stripe rust, a dominant wheat stripe rust resistance gene was detected from Ae. Tauschii (Coss.) Schmal Y206. The novel gene was temporarily designated as YrY206. By bulk segregation analysis, four microsatellite markers Wmc11a, Xgwm71c, Xgwm161 and Xgwm183 were found to be linked to YrY206 with genetic distances of 4.0, 3.3, 1.5 and 9.3 cM, respectively. According to the locations of the linked markers, the resistance gene was located on chromosome 3DS. Based on the chromosomal location and the resistance pattern of the gene, YrY206 should be a novel stripe rust resistance gene. PMID:18998554

  8. Regulation of nucleolin expression by miR-194, miR-206, and HuR.

    Bose, Sudeep; Tholanikunnel, Tracy E; Reuben, Adrian; Tholanikunnel, Baby G; Spicer, Eleanor K

    2016-06-01

    Nucleolin is a proliferation-associated protein that is overexpressed in multiple types of cancer. The mechanisms leading to overexpression of nucleolin in specific cancers are not fully understood. This study found that nucleolin is notably elevated in breast cancer cell lines MCF-7 and MDA-231 compared to nonmalignant breast epithelial MCF-10A cells. In silico analyses revealed the presence of putative binding sites for microRNAs miR-194 and miR-206 in the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of Ncl mRNA. Transfection of the three cell lines with pre-miR-194 or pre-miR-206 specifically decreased the Ncl mRNA and protein expression. Treatments of the cells with antagomiR-194 or antagomiR-206 upregulated nucleolin expression ~2- to 3-fold. Co-transfection of cells with a reporter vector containing the Ncl 3'-UTR downstream from the Renilla luciferase gene and pre-miR-194 or pre-miR-206 led to a ~3-fold decrease in Renilla/firefly luciferase activity. Cytoplasmic levels of the RNA-binding protein HuR were higher in MCF-7 and MDA-231 cells than those in MCF-10A cells. RNA immunoprecipitation assays demonstrated that HuR binds to Ncl mRNA in all the three cell types. ShRNA-mediated knock-down of HuR induced a decrease in nucleolin expression, while exogenous expression of HuR led to upregulation of nucleolin expression. Analysis of the polysome-monosome distribution of Ncl mRNA in HuR knock-down cells demonstrated that HuR enhances the translation efficiency of Ncl mRNA. These findings demonstrate that nucleolin expression is down-regulated by miR-194 and miR-206 and upregulated by HuR. PMID:27221739

  9. 微小RNA-206对apoE-/-动脉粥样硬化小鼠肝脏X受体α表达的影响%Effect of miRNA-206 on expression of liver X receptor αin apoE-/-mice with atherosclerosis

    刘倩; 梁斌; 边云飞; 王家璞; 肖传实

    2015-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effect of miR-206 on the expression of liver X receptor α (LXRα) in apoE-/-mice with atherosclerosis. Methods Thirty apoE-/-mice aged 4 weeks old were included in the study, and fed with Western diet. All mice were randomly divided into the control group, miR-206 mimic group and miR-206 in-hibitor group after 14 weeks (n=10 each). Blood samples at caudal veins were collected to measure the levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). The severity of aortic atherosclerosis was determined by red oil O staining. Levels of LXRαmRNA and pro-tein were determined by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. Results The HDL-C level increased in miR-206 mimic group compared with that in control group. Compared with the control group and miR-206 mimic group, signifi-cantly increased TC and LDL-C levels and decreased HDL-C level were found in miR-206 inhibitor group. There was no significant difference in TG among different groups. Red O staining showed mild aortic atherosclerosis in control group, most severe disease in the miR-206 inhibitor group, and very modest lesion of aortic atherosclerosis in the miR-206 mimic group, respectively. The LXRαexpression increased in miR-206 mimic group and decreased in miR-206 inhibitor group. Conclusion miR-206 may interact with LXRα in forming a feedback loop to regulate the reverse cholesterol transport.%目的:探讨微小RNA(miR)-206对apoE-/-动脉粥样硬化小鼠肝脏X受体α(LXRα)表达的影响。方法取4周龄apoE-/-小鼠30只,喂以高脂饮食,14周后随机分成对照组、miR-206 mimic组、miR-206 in-hibitor组,每组10只。尾静脉采血检测总胆固醇(TC)、甘油三酯(TG)、高密度脂蛋白胆固醇(HDL-C)、低密度脂蛋白胆固醇(LDL-C),油红O染色观察主动脉粥样硬化程度,荧光定量聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR)测

  10. Impact assessment of 206 000 t bulk carrier based on harmonised common structural rules%协调版共同结构规范对20.6万吨散货船的影响评估

    陈倩; 邱吉廷; 吴嘉蒙; 张帆

    2015-01-01

    20.6万吨散货船为例,通过描述性规定与直接强度计算,对比分析协调版共同规范与油船共同规范的差异,评估新规范对目前散货船结构可能带来的影响。%The differences between common structural rules for bulk carriers (CSR-BC) and harmonised common structural rules (CSR-H) are analyzed according to the prescriptive regulation and direct strength calculation of a 206 000 t bulk carrier. The possible impact of the new rules on the structural design of bulk carriers is then assessed.

  11. The Hardware Design of Power Quality Analysis Board Based on TMS320F206%基于TMS320F206的电网数据处理板设计

    王金亮; 程丽萍

    2004-01-01

    介绍了基于DSP芯片TMS320F206的电网采样处理板的软、硬件设计方法,对硬件各模块电路的工作原理作了重点的讨论,同时给出了该电网数据处理板的主程序和中断处理程序流程图.

  12. Proteome Analysis of Disease Resistance against Ralstonia solanacearum in Potato Cultivar CT206-10

    Sangryeol Park

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Potato is one of the most important crops worldwide. Its commercial cultivars are highly susceptible to many fungal and bacterial diseases. Among these, bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum causes significant yield loss. In the present study, integrated proteomics and genomics approaches were used in order to identify bacterial wilt resistant genes from Rs resistance potato cultivar CT-206-10. 2-DE and MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS analysis identified eight differentially abundant proteins including glycine-rich RNA binding protein (GRP, tomato stress induced-1 (TSI-1 protein, pathogenesis-related (STH-2 protein and pentatricopeptide repeat containing (PPR protein in response to Rs infection. Further, semi-quantitative RT-PCR identified up-regulation in transcript levels of all these genes upon Rs infection. Taken together, our results showed the involvement of the identified proteins in the Rs stress tolerance in potato. In the future, it would be interesting to raise the transgenic plants to further validate their involvement in resistance against Rs in potato.

  13. Proteome Analysis of Disease Resistance against Ralstonia solanacearum in Potato Cultivar CT206-10.

    Park, Sangryeol; Gupta, Ravi; Krishna, R; Kim, Sun Tae; Lee, Dong Yeol; Hwang, Duk-Ju; Bae, Shin-Chul; Ahn, Il-Pyung

    2016-02-01

    Potato is one of the most important crops worldwide. Its commercial cultivars are highly susceptible to many fungal and bacterial diseases. Among these, bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum causes significant yield loss. In the present study, integrated proteomics and genomics approaches were used in order to identify bacterial wilt resistant genes from Rs resistance potato cultivar CT-206-10. 2-DE and MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS analysis identified eight differentially abundant proteins including glycine-rich RNA binding protein (GRP), tomato stress induced-1 (TSI-1) protein, pathogenesis-related (STH-2) protein and pentatricopeptide repeat containing (PPR) protein in response to Rs infection. Further, semi-quantitative RT-PCR identified up-regulation in transcript levels of all these genes upon Rs infection. Taken together, our results showed the involvement of the identified proteins in the Rs stress tolerance in potato. In the future, it would be interesting to raise the transgenic plants to further validate their involvement in resistance against Rs in potato. PMID:26889112

  14. Effect of 222Rn emanation from crystals on their 206Pb/238U age dating

    The escape of radon from certain minerals with high uranium is of particular interest to those concerned with the determination of ages of rocks, minerals and tectonic events. To the extent that radon escapes, these minerals are not closed systems from the thermodynamic point of view and, more particularly, from the geochronological point of view. This investigation aimed to determine the radon escape from zircon crystals and how this fit into the severe isotopic constraints of the concordia dating model. To evaluate the consequences of radon loss on 238U/ 206Pb age dating methods, 20 zircon concentrates were analyzed. The observed range of relative percentage of radon loss was of 0.2-12 % and correlations with weathering of the crystals with natural alpha dose and with U-Pb age discordances were found. These correlations indicate relationships between the amount of lattice damage by radiation, the radon leakage out of the crystal and Pb mobility. Some of the stochastic complexities in specific age determinations are also discussed. (author)

  15. Neutron total cross sections of 204Pb, 206Pb, 207Pb and 208Pb and the neutron electric polarizability

    The neutron total cross sections have been measured for lead isotopes 208Pb, 206Pb and 207Pb in the range from 1 eV to 20 keV and for 204Pb in the range from 1 eV to 100 eV using the time-of-flight facility GNEIS in Gatchina. An accuracy of the measured neutron total cross section (Δσ/σ) is about 10-3 for 208Pb, 10-2 for 206Pb and 207Pb, 5·10-2 for 204Pb. An estimated value of the neutron electric polarizability from analysis of total cross section of 208Pb is αn=(2.4 ± 1.1)·10-3fm3. (author)

  16. Elastic and inelastic scattering of polarized protons from lead-206 and lead-208 near isobaric analog resonances

    Excitation functions have been measured for elastic scattering of polarized protons from 206Pb and 208Pb, and for inelastic scattering to collective states in 206Pb (2+, 0.8033 MeV; 3-, 2.647 MeV) and 208Pb (3-, 2.6145 MeV). Both differential cross sections and analyzing powers were measured at theta/sub lab/ = 1200, 1350, 1500, and 1650, for E/sub p/ = 14.25 to 18 MeV. Fits to the excitation-function data were obtained using scattering amplitudes consisting of sums of resonant and non-resonant parts. The resonances are the isobaric analogs (IARs) of 7 low-lying states in 209Pb and 35 in 207Pb. The fits to the elastic-scattering data are excellent; for the inelastic scattering the fit is very good for the 2+ state but only fair for the 3- states. For each IAR, the energy, the total width, and the partial width and mixing phase in each channel were obtained. Also, new spin assignments were made for a number of parent states in 207Pb. The theory of Bund and Blair was used to find the spectroscopic amplitudes, which provide information on the wave functions for the parent states in 207Pb and 209Pb and for the 3- states in 206Pb and 208Pb. These spectroscopic amplitudes were then checked for internal consistency and compared with the results of other experiments and with theoretical predictions

  17. Serum Levels of MicroRNA-206 and Novel Mini-STR Assays for Carrier Detection in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy.

    Anaya-Segura, Mónica Alejandra; Rangel-Villalobos, Héctor; Martínez-Cortés, Gabriela; Gómez-Díaz, Benjamín; Coral-Vázquez, Ramón Mauricio; Zamora-González, Edgar Oswaldo; García, Silvia; López-Hernández, Luz Berenice

    2016-01-01

    Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) is an X-linked neuromuscular disorder in which the detection of female carriers is of the utmost importance for genetic counseling. Haplotyping with polymorphic markers and quantitation of creatine kinase levels (CK) allow tracking of the at-risk haplotype and evidence muscle damage, respectively. Such approaches are useful for carrier detection in cases of unknown mutations. The lack of informative markers and the inaccuracy of CK affect carrier detection. Therefore, herein we designed novel mini-STR (Short Tandem Repeats) assays to amplify 10 loci within the DMD gene and estimated allele frequencies and the polymorphism information content among other parameters in 337 unrelated individuals from three Mexican populations. In addition, we tested the utility of the assays for carrier detection in three families. Moreover, given that serum levels of miR-206 discern between DMD patients and controls with a high area under the curve (AUC), the potential applicability for carrier detection was assessed. The serum levels of miR-206 of non-carriers (n = 24) and carriers (n = 23) were compared by relative quantitation using real-time PCR (p < 0.05), which resulted in an AUC = 0.80 in the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve analysis. In conclusion, miR-206 has potential as a "liquid biopsy" for carrier detection and genetic counseling in DMD. PMID:27529242

  18. MicroRNA-206 regulates the secretion of inflammatory cytokines and MMP9 expression by targeting TIMP3 in Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected THP-1 human macrophages.

    Fu, Xiangdong; Zeng, Lihong; Liu, Zhi; Ke, Xue; Lei, Lin; Li, Guobao

    2016-08-19

    Tuberculosis (TB) is a serious disease that is characterized by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb)-triggered immune system impairment and lung tissue damage shows limited treatment options. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are regulators of gene expression that play critical roles in many human diseases, and can be up- or downregulated by M.tb infection in macrophage. Recently, tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase (TIMP) 3 has been found to play roles in regulating macrophage inflammation. Here, we found that TIMP3 expression was regulated by miR-206 in M.tb-infected THP-1 human macrophages. In THP-1 cells infected with M.tb, the miR-206 level was significantly upregulated and the expression of TIMP3 was markedly decreased when the secretion of inflammatory cytokines was increased. Inhibition of miR-206 markedly suppressed inflammatory cytokine secretion and upregulated the expression of TIMP3. In contrast, the upregulation of miR-206 promoted the matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 9 levels and inhibited TIMP3 levels. Using a dual-luciferase reporter assay, a direct interaction between miR-206 and the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of TIMP3 was confirmed. SiTIMP3, the small interfering RNA (siRNA) specific for TIMP3, significantly attenuated the suppressive effects of miR-206-inhibitor on inflammatory cytokine secretion and MMP9 expression. Our data suggest that miR-206 may function as an inflammatory regulator and drive the expression of MMP9 in M.tb-infected THP-1 cells by targeting TIMP3, indicating that miR-206 is a potential therapeutic target for patients with TB. PMID:27291149

  19. Inelastic scattering and nucleon transfer in the system 232Th+206Pb at the Coulomb barrier

    By the experiment performed in the present thesis on the example of the system 232Th+206Pb the onset of the nuclear interaction in the region of the Coulomb barrier was studied at an incident energy of 6.3 MeV/nucleon. In the range of distances of closest approximation 15.5 fm ≤ D ≤ 38.7 fm respectively 28deg ≤ ΘCM ≤ 150deg the Coulomb excitation of the target isotope was observed. The strong absorption for 'small' distances from the reaction channel of the Coulomb excitation is confirmed by the occurrence of transfer reactions. In the studied thorium-lead system the transfer of one and two neutrons could be detected by means of the characteristic γ radiation of the isotopes 230Th and 207,208Pb with a cross section of 500 mb summed over the measurement range. The possibilities of an evaporation of neutrons from highly excited target nuclei, which could also lead to the isotope 230Th and by this influence the measurement of the 2n transfer, was also studied. The contribution of these processes to the transfer could be estimated to less than 5%. For the determination of the excitation energy, at which the transfer takes place, the transfer probabilities experimentally determined as functions of the distance of closest approximation were compared with the barrier-penetration model originally developed for sub-Coulomb transfer. Small effective neutron-binding energies of 0.6-0.8 MeV and by this high excitation energies resulted in contradiction to our model-independent measurement by means of the mean γ multiplicity and mean γ energies. (orig./HSI)

  20. The role of Ethics in the process of Technology Transfer and Development of 206 Peugeot

    Aliakbar Mazlomi

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Looking at the past history we find that the first phenomenon of technology transfer was taught by people who were traveling to another community and bring their technology, they move. After theindustrialization, transfer of knowledge from individuals to maintain their importance. However, now the situation for developing countries is controversial because it denied people with technical skills fromdeveloped countries to developing countries do not migrate, but the reverse is the professionals that are developing countries to developed countries loan go. Until developing countries can train your human resources specialist, they powerful companies overseas are the means of technology transfer, whether through direct investment, and whether through the sale of licenses and other means. (Noble, p. 105 - 106, 1367 Technology transfer is an important issue that should be given the capacity of countries to assess the possibility of application, absorption and its compatibility with local conditions to increase. Ie the transfer of technology and gain access to technology for its effective use for economic development and growth of countries relatively backward technology provides. (Archibugi, 2003 Today, the role of ethics in technology transfer and development is of great importance. The meaning of ethics and technology than are harvested, ethical values that have roles in the formation of modern technology. Another meaning of ethics and technology than is reached, that moral people who are dealing with technology, they must observe. It also includes technology to those that exist and sets it to those who apply and who are the analysis and criticism. In this article factors and ethical factors in the process of technology transfer and development for Peugeot 206 in Iran Khodro Company has been studied. For this purpose a questionnaire to determine and evaluate factors is designed and results are analyzed.

  1. 抗TY番茄新品种星宇206的选育%Breeding of Xingyu 206, a New Tomato Cultivar Highly Resistant to Tomato Yellow Leaf Curl Virus Disease

    尚春明; 张东旭; 贺荣; 王伟; 程玉琳; 姚慧静

    2015-01-01

    Xingyu 206 is a middle-maturing tomato F1 hybrid developed by crossing S5 as female parent and TS19 as male parent. It has strong growth vigor and high fruit-setting rate. Its fruit is pink, round, and tastes well, with its average single fruit weight is about 230 g. Xingyu 206 is highly resistant to tomato yellow leaf curl virus disease (TY), and it is also tolerant to fusarium wilt, leaf mold and root-knot nematode disease. Additionally, it is heat-resisting, and tolerant to fruit cracking and storage and transportation, so it can be planted in early-spring or early-autumn greenhouse in both southern and northern China.%星宇206是以S5为母本、以TS19为父本配制成的中熟番茄杂交一代品种。生长旺盛,坐果率高,丰产性好,果实粉红色、正圆形,平均单果质量230 g左右;色泽鲜艳,口味佳,抗裂果,耐储运;高抗番茄黄化曲叶病毒病(TY),兼抗烟草花叶病毒病、枯萎病、叶霉病、根结线虫病;耐热性强,适宜于南北方早秋、早春日光温室和大棚越夏栽培。

  2. Mixed Signal Generation System Based on C8051F206 and FT245R USB%基于C8051F206和FT245R USB的混合信号生成系统

    虞文胜; 温倩

    2014-01-01

    In order to generate self-check signal and speed instruction of radar antenna system test signals, design a kind of mixed signal generation system based on C8051F206 and FT245R.The system uses FT245R USB chip to realize the communication of upper machine, and rely on C8051F206 high SPC and C language to response the instructions of upper machine in a reliable way and send real-time measured parts required for the self-check instruction ,speed instruction,etc.This paper introduces the principle of hardware design and software design of mixed signal systems. Practical application shows that the system can accurately generate radar antenna system self-check signal, speed signal and real-time feedback test results.%为了产生雷达天线系统测试时所需的自检信号、速度指令等信号,设计了一种基于基于 C8051F206和FT245R的混合信号生成系统。该系统利用FT245R USB接口芯片实现与上位机通信,并依靠C8051F206高程控性和C语言的高灵活性,可靠地响应上位机指令并实时发送被测件所需的自检信号、速度指令等信号源。介绍了混合信号生成系统硬件设计和软件设计的原理。实际应用表明,该系统能准确地生成被测件雷达天线系统所需的自检信号、速度指令信号,并实时地反馈测试结果。

  3. 烧伤后期并发应激性溃疡206例临床分析%Clinical analysis of 206 late-stage burned patients complicated with stress ulcer

    李梅

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the clinical features,treatment methods and effects of late-stage burned complicated with stress ulcer.Methods The clinical data of 206 burned patients were retrospectively analyzed,and the clinical features,treatment methods and effects of burned patients complicated with stress ulcer were analyzed.Results In 206 patients,there were 42 late-stage burned patients complicated with stress ulcer(20.4%),of which 34 cases were cured(81.0%),8 cases died(19.0%) (3 cases died of stress ulcer bleeding,5 cases died of stress ulcer bleeding complications).Conclusion The probability of late-stage burned complicated with stress ulcer is high and dangerous.For the patients with late-stage burned patients complicated with stress ulcer,early enteral nutrition,gastric mucosal protection,wound sepsis to prevent wound infection,the treatment measures should be effectively put into practice,which will be good for making patients stable,and then the patients can be cured.%目的 探讨烧伤后期并发应激性溃疡临床的临床特点、治疗方法及效果.方法 回顾性分析206例烧伤患者的临床资料,分析后期并发应激性溃疡患者的临床特点、治疗方法及效果.结果 该组206例患者,后期并发应激性溃疡患者42例(20.4%),其中治愈34例(81.0%),死亡8例(19.0%)(其中3例患者死于应激性溃疡大出血,5例患者死于应激性溃疡出血后其它并发症).结论 烧伤后期并发应激性溃疡的概率较高,危险性大.对于烧伤后期并发应激性溃疡患者的治疗,通过早期肠道营养、胃黏膜保护、创面脓毒血症的防止、创面感染的处理等措施的有效实施,可较好的稳定患者度过休克期,进而得以治愈.

  4. In-beam gamma-ray studies of high-spin isomeric states in 205Tl and 206Hg

    The region of nuclei near 208Pb provide a good proving ground for the nuclear shell model. One of the most interesting features of nuclei in this and other closed shell regions is the existence of high-spin, long-lived isomeric states. Such states allow for a detailed study of the nature of the nucleons composing the nucleus and the forces which bind these nucleons together. In the present study two such nuclear isomers have been studied (one in 205Tl and one in 206Hg) using the techniques of in-beam gamma-ray spectroscopy in conjunction with the nuclear reactions 204Hg(t,2nν)205Tl and 204Hg(t,pν)206Hg. One of these nuclear isomers, a J/sup pi/ = 25/2+ state in 205Tl, had been observed in a previous study but the decay scheme was only partially correct. In the present study the decay scheme was corrected and the gyromagnetic ratio of the isomeric state was measured. From this gyromagnetic ratio measurement the gyromagnetic ratio was determined for a proton in the 1h/sub 11/2/ proton orbital and the anomalous orbital contribution deltag/sub l/. This measurement was then used with a previous measurement for the h/sub 9/2/ proton orbital to deduce the orbital gyromagnetic ratio for an h orbital. The isomer in 206Hg was observed for the first time in the present study. The decay scheme of the isomer was deduced and the isomeric state was determined to have a spin and parity of 5-. The gyromagnetic ratio was also measured for this isomeric state. With this measurement it was possible, using the results from the 205Tl study, to deduce the spin gyromagnetic ratio for a proton in the 3s proton orbital

  5. Archeological Evidences: Embroidered Textiles of the Han and Tang Dynasties (206BC-907AD Unearthed along the Silk Road

    Yanghua Kuang

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper firstly reviews embroidered textiles of the Han and Tang dynasties (206BC-907AD unearthed along the Silk Road in northwestern China. Then it makes a discussion on the motif, category and technique of embroidered textiles on the basis of archeological evidences. Finally it gives these opinions: the motif shows a comprehensive influence of Central China, local places and the West; the embroidery executed on woolen fabrics found in Xinjiang province shows a local feature; and the transaction from chain stitch to satin stitch may occur during the Northern Dynasties to the early Tang dynasty.

  6. Alpha-decay properties of /sup 205-208/Fr: Identification of 206Fr/sup m/

    Alpha-particle and γ-ray spectral measurements were made for /sup 205-208/Fr. A new a emitter (T/sub 1/2/ = 0.7 +- 0.1 sec and E/sub a/ = 6.930 +- 0.005 MeV) was observed and identified with the decay of a previously unknown isomer in 206Fr. From the a particle and g ray intensities, a decay branching ratios were deduced for /sup 205-208/Fr utilizing available information concerning the nuclides' (electron capture+positron) decay properties. Reduced widths were calculated and compared with those of neighboring nuclei

  7. A comparative study of hot and cold fusion reactions using 206Pb + 48Ca as an example

    In the present work, 206Pb + 48Ca reaction is considered where individual light particle decay channels σxn, x = 1,2,3,4 neutrons are measured in a Dubna experiment at various excitation energies E, covering hot and cold fusion reactions. A comparative study of the hot and cold fusion reactions is made, using the above said reaction as a tool and analyze it on the basis of the Dynamical Cluster-decay Model (DCM) of Gupta and collaborators, where the effects of deformations upto hexadecupole (β2-β4) and compact orientations θc are included

  8. 特比奈芬凝胶治疗206例浅部真菌病患者的疗效观察%Clinical Observation of Terbinafine Gel Treatment of 206 Cases with Superficial Mycoses

    孙成军

    2012-01-01

      Objective Hydrochloride terbinafine gel treatment of superficial mycoses. Methods 206 cases of superficial mycoses in patients with topical terbinafine gel treatment, 2 times a day, three weeks after effects were observed. Results Terbinafine tinea corporis on the body of gel in the treatment of piebald pityriasis and tinea and other superficial fungal infection of the total efficiency of 97.8%, respectively, 94%, 90.9%. Conclusion Terbinafine gel topical treatment of superficial fungal disease curative effect.%  目的 观察盐酸特比奈芬凝胶对浅部真菌病的治疗效果.方法 选择206例浅部真菌病患者,外用特比奈芬凝胶治疗,每日2次,3周后观察疗效.结果 特比奈芬凝胶治疗体股癣、花斑糠疹及手足癣等浅部真菌感染的总有效率分别为97.8%、94%、90.9%.结论 特比奈芬凝胶外用治疗浅部真菌病的疗效确切.

  9. The presenilin 1 p.Gly206Ala mutation is a frequent cause of early-onset Alzheimer’s disease in Hispanics in Florida

    Ravenscroft, Thomas A; Pottier, Cyril; Murray, Melissa E; Baker, Matt; Christopher, Elizabeth; Levitch, Denise; Brown, Patricia H; Barker, Warren; Duara, Ranjan; Greig-Custo, Maria; Betancourt, Ana; English, Mara; Sun, Xiaoyan; Ertekin-Taner, Nilüfer; Graff-Radford, Neill R; Dickson, Dennis W; Rademakers, Rosa

    2016-01-01

    Mutations in the gene encoding the presenilin-1 protein (PSEN1) were first discovered to cause Alzheimer’s disease (AD) 20 years ago. Since then more than 200 different pathogenic mutations have been reported, including a p.Gly206Ala founder mutation in the Hispanic population. Here we report mutation analysis of known AD genes in a cohort of 27 early-onset (age of onset ≤65, age of death ≤70) Hispanic patients ascertained in Florida. The PSEN1 p.Gly206Ala mutation was identified in 13 out of 27 patients (48.1%), emphasizing the importance of this specific mutation in the etiology of early-onset AD in this population. One other patient carried the known PSEN1 p.Gly378Val mutation. Genotyping of the PSEN1 p.Gly206Ala and p.Gly378Val mutations in 63 late-onset Hispanic AD patients did not identify additional mutation carriers. All p.Gly206Ala mutation carriers shared rare alleles at two microsatellite markers flanking PSEN1 supporting a common founder. This study confirms the p.Gly206Ala variant as a frequent cause of early onset AD in the Hispanic population and for the first time reports the high frequency of this mutation in Hispanics in Florida. PMID:27073747

  10. The presenilin 1 p.Gly206Ala mutation is a frequent cause of early-onset Alzheimer's disease in Hispanics in Florida.

    Ravenscroft, Thomas A; Pottier, Cyril; Murray, Melissa E; Baker, Matt; Christopher, Elizabeth; Levitch, Denise; Brown, Patricia H; Barker, Warren; Duara, Ranjan; Greig-Custo, Maria; Betancourt, Ana; English, Mara; Sun, Xiaoyan; Ertekin-Taner, Nilüfer; Graff-Radford, Neill R; Dickson, Dennis W; Rademakers, Rosa

    2016-01-01

    Mutations in the gene encoding the presenilin-1 protein (PSEN1) were first discovered to cause Alzheimer's disease (AD) 20 years ago. Since then more than 200 different pathogenic mutations have been reported, including a p.Gly206Ala founder mutation in the Hispanic population. Here we report mutation analysis of known AD genes in a cohort of 27 early-onset (age of onset ≤65, age of death ≤70) Hispanic patients ascertained in Florida. The PSEN1 p.Gly206Ala mutation was identified in 13 out of 27 patients (48.1%), emphasizing the importance of this specific mutation in the etiology of early-onset AD in this population. One other patient carried the known PSEN1 p.Gly378Val mutation. Genotyping of the PSEN1 p.Gly206Ala and p.Gly378Val mutations in 63 late-onset Hispanic AD patients did not identify additional mutation carriers. All p.Gly206Ala mutation carriers shared rare alleles at two microsatellite markers flanking PSEN1 supporting a common founder. This study confirms the p.Gly206Ala variant as a frequent cause of early onset AD in the Hispanic population and for the first time reports the high frequency of this mutation in Hispanics in Florida. PMID:27073747

  11. Insights into roles of the miR-1, -133 and -206 family in gastric cancer (Review).

    Xie, Meng; Dart, Dafydd Alwyn; Owen, Sioned; Wen, Xianzi; Ji, Jiafu; Jiang, Wenguo

    2016-09-01

    Gastric cancer (GC) remains the third most common cause of cancer deaths worldwide and carries a high rate of metastatic risk contributing to the main cause of treatment failure. An accumulation of data has resulted in a better understanding of the molecular network of GC, however, gaps still exist between the unique bio-resources and clinical application. MicroRNAs are an important part of non-coding RNAs and behave as major regulators of tumour biology, alongside their well-known roles as intrinsic factors of gene expression in cellular processes, via their post-transcriptional regulation of components of signalling pathways in a coordinated manner. Deregulation of the miR-1, -133 and -206 family plays a key role in tumorigenesis, progression, invasion and metastasis. This review aims to provide a summary of recent findings on the miR-1, -133 and -206 family in GC and how this knowledge might be exploited for the development of future miRNA-based therapies for the treatment of GC. PMID:27349337

  12. One atmosphere viscosity measurements of MORBs from ODP Leg 206, Hole 1256D

    Sato, H.; Nakamura, H.; Ishibashi, H.

    2009-12-01

    We carried out viscosity measurements of MORBs from ODP Leg 206, Hole 1256D at one atmosphere both in hyperliquidus and subliquidus conditions. Three samples examined are #1 (core 39R1), #2(core 27R19) and #3 (core 3R4). They are typical MORBs but have different Mg/(Mg+Fe) ratios of 0.60, 0.48, and 0.42. Viscosity measurements were carried out mostly after the method of Sato (2005, J. Mineral. Petrol. Sci),. The oxygen fugacity of the furnace was controlled by mixed gas of CO2:H2(400/20ml/min), at FMQ buffer conditions. Rotational viscometer was connected to a ceramic rod of 6 mm diameter, the end of which immersed in the sample crucible 30 mm inner diameter and 60 mm high. The system is calibrated with standard viscosity oils for different depths. The samples were initially melted at ca. 50 C higher temperature than liquidus, and kept for 3 days before viscometry and sampling. After the viscometry and sampling, the furnace temperature was decreased by 5 to 30 C, and kept for 1-3 days before another viscometry and sampling. These steps are repeated until the high viscosity of the melt precluded the measurements. The quenched samples were analayzed for phase chemistry and textural features. Sample #1 crystallized plagioclase and olivine at 1215 C, followed by augite at 1205 C. Total crystal content increased to 29 vol% at 1185 C. Sample #2 crystallized plagioclase and pigeonite at 1175 C, followed by olivine and augite at 1165 C. Total crystal content increased up to 25 vol% at 1152 C. Sample #3 crystallized plagioclase, pigeonite and olivine at 1155 C. Total crystal content increased up to 25 vol% at 1133 C. Bulk viscosity increased from 46 to 74 Pa s at hyperliquidus temperatures of 1240 to 1210 C, whereas it increased up to 2908 Pa s in subliquidus temperatures of 1185 C in the sample #1. In the sample #2, bulk viscosity also increased slowly from 42 Pa s at 1232 C to 79 Pa s at 1172 C, then increased much rapidly to 3422 Pa s at 1152 C. Similarly, the sample #3

  13. The determination of maximum safe bombarding energies and B(E3) values in re-orientation experiments with 204Pb, 206Pb, 208Pb

    Data are presented which display the onset of Coulomb-nuclear interference in the inelastic scattering of 4He, 12C and 16O projectiles from 204Pb and 206Pb. These results were used to determine maximum safe bombarding energies in a recent re-orientation effect determination of the quadrupole moments of the first 2+ states in these nuclei. We also present similar data for the excitation by 16O projectiles of the first 3- states in 204Pb, 206Pb and 208Pb. The results are used to determine B(E3;0+ → 3-) values for the first 3- states of 204Pb and 206Pb; these are found to be remarkably similar to each other and to the corresponding value for the first 3- state in 208Pb

  14. A role for low-abundance miRNAs in colon cancer: the miR-206/Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4 axis

    Parasramka Mansi A

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background MicroRNAs (miRNAs or miRs are short non-coding RNAs that affect the expression of genes involved in normal physiology, but that also become dysregulated in cancer development. In the latter context, studies to date have focused on high-abundance miRNAs and their targets. We hypothesized that among the pool of low-abundance miRNAs are some with the potential to impact crucial oncogenic signaling networks in colon cancer. Results Unbiased screening of over 650 miRNAs identified miR-206, a low-abundance miRNA, as the most significantly altered miRNA in carcinogen-induced rat colon tumors. Computational modeling highlighted the stem-cell marker Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4 as a potential target of miR-206. In a panel of primary human colon cancers, target validation at the mRNA and protein level confirmed a significant inverse relationship between miR-206 and KLF4, which was further supported by miR-206 knockdown and ectopic upregulation in human colon cancer cells. Forced expression of miR-206 resulted in significantly increased cell proliferation kinetics, as revealed by real-time monitoring using HCT116 cells. Conclusions Evolutionarily conserved high-abundance miRNAs are becoming established as key players in the etiology of human cancers. However, low-abundance miRNAs, such as miR-206, are often among the most significantly upregulated miRNAs relative to their expression in normal non-transformed tissues. Low-abundance miRNAs are worthy of further investigation, because their targets include KLF4 and other pluripotency and cancer stem-cell factors.

  15. miRNA 206 and miRNA 574-5p are highly expression in coronary artery disease

    Zhou, Jianqing; Shao, Guofeng; Chen, Xiaoliang; Yang, Xi; Huang, Xiaoyan; Peng, Ping; Ba, Yanna; Zhang, Lin; Jehangir, Tashina; Bu, Shizhong; Liu, Ningsheng; Lian, Jiangfang

    2015-01-01

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of human morbidity and mortality worldwide. Innovative diagnostic biomarkers are a pressing need for this disease. miRNAs profiling is an innovative method of identifying biomarkers for many diseases and could be proven as a powerful tool in the diagnosis and treatment of CAD. We performed miRNA microarray analysis from the plasma of three CAD patients and three healthy controls. Subsequently, we performed quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis of miRNA expression in plasma of another 67 CAD patients and 67 healthy controls. We identified two miRNAs (miR-206 and miR-574-5p) that were significantly up-regulated in CAD patients as compared with healthy controls (P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves indicated these two miRNAs had great potential to provide sensitive and specific diagnostic value for CAD. PMID:26685009

  16. Roles of the canonical myomiRs mi R-1,-133 and-206 in cell development and disease

    Keith; Richard; Mitchelson; Wen-Yan; Qin

    2015-01-01

    Micro RNAs are small non-coding RNAs that participate in different biological processes, providing subtle combinational regulation of cellular pathways, often by regulating components of signalling pathways. Aberrant expression of mi RNAs is an important factor in the development and progression of disease. The canonical myomi Rs(mi R-1,-133 and-206) are central to the development and health of mammalian skeletal and cardiac muscles, but new findings show they have regulatory roles in the development of other mammalian non-muscle tissues, including nerve, brain structures, adipose and some specialised immunological cells. Moreover, the deregulation of myomi R expression is associated with a variety of different cancers, where typically they have tumor suppressor functions, although examples of an oncogenic role illustrate their diverse function in different cell environments. This review examines the involvement of the related myomi Rs at the crossroads between cell development/tissue regeneration/tissue inflammation responses, and cancer development.

  17. The importance of residues 195-206 of human blood clotting factor VII in the interaction of factor VII with tissue factor

    Previous studies indicated that human and bovine factor VII exhibit 71% amino acid sequence identity. In the present study, competition binding experiments revealed that the interaction of human factor VII with cell-surface human tissue factor was not inhibited by 100-fold molar excess of bovine factor VII. This finding indicated that bovine and human factor VII are not structurally homologous in the region(s) where human factor VII interacts with human tissue factor. On this premise, the authors synthesized three peptides corresponding to regions of human factor VII that exhibited marked structural dissimilarity to bovine factor VII; these regions of dissimilarity included residues 195-206, 263-274, and 314-326. Peptide 195-206 inhibited the interaction of factor VII with cell-surface tissue factor and the activation of factor X by a complex of factor VIIa and tissue factor half-maximally at concentrations of 1-2 mM. A structurally rearranged form of peptide 195-206 containing an aspartimide residue inhibited these reactions half-maximally at concentrations of 250-300 μM. In contrast, neither peptide 263-274 nor peptide 314-326, at 2 mM concentration, significantly affected either factor VIIa interaction with tissue factor or factor VIIa-mediated activation of factor X. The data provide presumptive evidence that residues 195-206 of human factor VII are involved in the interaction of human factor VII with the extracellular domain of human tissue factor apoprotein

  18. Arvustus : Vello Paatsi. Eesti talurahva loodusteadusliku maailmapildi kujunemine rahvakooli kaudu (1803-1918). - Tallinn : TPÜ Kirjastus, 2003. 206 lk. / Jaan-Mati Punning

    Punning, Jaan-Mati

    2003-01-01

    Rets. rmt. : Paatsi, Vello. Eesti talurahva loodusteadusliku maailmapildi kujunemine rahvakooli kaudu (1803-1918). - Tallinn : Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikooli kirjastus, 2003. - 206 lk. : ill. - (Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikool. Sotsiaalteaduste dissertatsioonid = Tallinn Pedagogical University. Dissertations on social sciences, 1406-4405 ; 5)

  19. A soluble form of the macrophage-related mannose receptor (MR/CD206) is present in human serum and elevated in critical illness

    Rødgaard-Hansen, Sidsel; Rafique, Aisha; Christensen, Peter A;

    2014-01-01

    Background: This study tests the hypothesis that the mannose receptor (MR/CD206), which is expressed primarily by macrophages and dendritic cells, can be found in a soluble form (sMR, sMR) in human serum. Furthermore, we wished to establish and validate an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA...

  20. 41 CFR 302-3.206 - If I am re-employed after a separation by reduction in force or transfer of functions, may my...

    2010-07-01

    ... after a separation by reduction in force or transfer of functions, may my agency pay me a relocation... System RELOCATION ALLOWANCES RELOCATION ALLOWANCES 3-RELOCATION ALLOWANCE BY SPECIFIC TYPE Types of Transfers Reduction in Force Relocation § 302-3.206 If I am re-employed after a separation by reduction...

  1. 12 CFR 347.206 - Domestic retail deposit activity requiring deposit insurance by U.S. branch of a foreign bank.

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Domestic retail deposit activity requiring... Banks § 347.206 Domestic retail deposit activity requiring deposit insurance by U.S. branch of a foreign bank. (a) Domestic retail deposit activity. To initiate or conduct domestic retail deposit...

  2. Suzaku View of the Swift/BAT Active Galactic Nuclei. V. Torus Structure of Two Luminous Radio-loud AGNs (3C 206 and PKS 0707-35)

    Tazaki, Fumie; Terashima, Yuichi; Mushotzky, Richard; Tombesi, Francesco

    2013-01-01

    We present the results from broad-band X-ray spectral analysis of 3C 206 and PKS 0707-35 with Suzaku and Swift/BAT, two of the most luminous unobscured and obscured radio-loud active galactic nuclei with hard X-ray luminosities of 10^{45.5} erg s^{-1} and 10^{44.9} erg s^{-1} (14--195 keV), respectively. Based on the radio core luminosity, we estimate that the X-ray spectrum of 3C 206 contains a significant (~ 60% in the 14--195 keV band) contribution from the jet, while it is negligible in PKS 0707-35. We can successfully model the spectra with the jet component (for 3C 206), the transmitted emission, and two reflection components from the torus and the accretion disk. The reflection strengths from the torus are found to be R_{torus} (= \\Omega/2\\pi) = 0.29 +- 0.18 and 0.41 +- 0.18 for 3C 206 and PKS 0707-35, respectively, which are smaller than those in typical Seyfert galaxies. Utilizing the torus model by Ikeda et al. (2009), we quantify the relation between the half opening angle of a torus (\\theta_{oa}) ...

  3. Effect of Mn, Si, and Cooling Rate on the Formation of Iron-Rich Intermetallics in 206 Al-Cu Cast Alloys

    Liu, K.; Cao, X.; Chen, X.-G.

    2012-10-01

    The solidification structures of commercial 206 Al-Cu cast alloys with 0.15 pct Fe have been studied using thermal analysis (TA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD). The EBSD results have shown that there are two iron-rich intermetallics: Chinese script α-Fe and platelet-like β-Fe. The addition of either Mn or Si has helped to promote the formation of α-Fe and hinder the precipitate of β-Fe. The combined addition of both Mn and Si is even more effective than the individual addition of either Mn or Si. The full solidification sequence of the 206 cast alloy has been established. The volume percent and formation temperature increase for α-Fe but decrease for β-Fe with increasing cooling rate. The platelet β-Fe can be effectively suppressed in 206 cast alloys by controlling the alloy chemistry and cooling rate. A casting process map is proposed to correlate the Mn and Si contents with cooling rates for the 206 cast alloys.

  4. Changes in the level of micro RNA-206 gene expression in patients with type I bipolar disorder before and after treatment and comparison with a control population%双相障碍I型患者治疗前后微小RNA206基因表达水平变化及与对照的比较

    汪作为; 李则挚; 王凌霄; 吴志国; 苑成梅; 洪武; 禹顺英; 方贻儒

    2011-01-01

    Micro RNA-206(miRNA-206) is a potential biomarker of bipolar disorder that has not yet been fully investigated.Objective:Assess the relationship between the level of miRNA-206 in peripheral blood and the clinical state of patients in the manic phase of bipolar disorder.Methods:Thirty-six newly admitted patients in the manic phase of type I bipolar disorder (diagnosed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM IV Axis I disorders) and 30 age and gender matched healthy controls were enrolled.miRNA-206 levels in peripheral blood lymphocytes were assessed at the time of enrollment in control subjects and at baseline and at the end of the second,fourth and eighth week of treatment in the patient group.The severity of manic symptoms in the patient group was evaluated at the same time as the miRNA-206 assessments using the Young Mania Rating Scale.Results:There were no statistically significant differences in baseline miRNA-206 levels between patients and controls (Z=-0.02,P =0.988) or,in the patient group,between baseline levels and those at the end of the second ( Z =-0.17,P =0.864),fourth ( Z =-0.86,P =0.392) and eighth ( Z =-1.29,P =0.197) weeks after initiating treatment.There were also no statistically significant correlations between the miRNA-206 level and the severity of manic symptoms at any of the four time points ( rs =0.13,P =0.518; rs =0.12,P =0.532; rs =-0.18,P =0.361 ;and rs =0.02,P=0.912; respectively).Conclusion:The activity of miRNA-206 in peripherally blood lymphocytes does not appear to be a biomarker of type I bipolar disorder or a biomarker for treatment efficacy during the treatment of a manic episode.But the power to detect differences between patients and controls in the study was only 22% so further research with larger samples ( possibly using different techniques to assess miRNA-206 activity) are needed to confirm these findings.%背景 微小RNA206( MicroRNA-206,miRNA-206)可能是双相障碍的生物学标志

  5. Analysis of temperament characteristics of 206 infants aged 5~ 11 months%5~11个月婴儿气质特点206例分析

    张永明

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To investigate temperament characteristics of infants and guide parents to rear the infants and develop a good emotional response. [Method] 206 infants were surveyed with Carey's Temperament Questionnaire Scale. [Results] The proportion of infants with different temperament types in this district was 36. 2% for easy type and 41. 4% intermediate low child type,8. 6% for difficult type and 6. 7% for intermediate high child type and 7. 1 % for slow-to-warm up type of temperament. There were significant the cesarean section group and the spontaneous delivery group in distribution of all temperament types(x2 = 10. 391 ,P = 0. 034). There were no significant differences in gender dimensions of infant tem-perament(all P>0. 05). There were no significant gender differences in distribution of all temperament types(x2 = 5. 002,P = 0. 287). [Conclusion] To carry out the work of early childhood development, more attention should be paied to earlychildhood temperament characteristics.%[目的]了解婴儿气质特征,指导家长科学养育,培养婴儿良好的情绪、情感反应. [方法]采用《Carey5~11月婴儿气质问卷》,对西城区社区保健科206名5~11月婴儿进行调查分析. [结果]婴儿的主要气质类型分别为:易养型(36.2%)、中间偏易养型(41.4%)、困难型(8.6%)、启动缓慢型(7.1%)、中间偏难养型(6.7%).剖宫产婴儿与自然分娩婴儿气质特点的比较,差异有统计学意义(x2=10.391,P=0.034);不同性别婴儿气质维度中,男童与女童无显著性差异(P均>0.05);不同气质类型分布之间性别比较差异无统计学意义(x2=5.002,P=0.287). [结论]开展儿童早期综合发展工作,应重视早期儿童的气质特点.

  6. Prominent Neuroleptic Sensitivity in a Case of Early-onset Alzheimer Disease due to Presenilin-1 G206A Mutation

    Cercy, Steven P.; Sadowski, Martin J.; Wisniewski, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    Objective We describe atypical motor and cognitive features in a case of familial Alzheimer disease (FAD) due to presenilin-1 (PS-1) mutation. Background Extrapyramidal signs (EPS) typically are a late-presenting feature of sporadic Alzheimer disease (AD), but relatively little data are available regarding EPS in FAD. Method A 59-year-old, right-handed man of Caribbean-Hispanic descent underwent brain imaging studies, laboratory tests for AD, and serial neurologic and neuropsychologic evaluations. Results The patient presented with recent-onset delusional ideation associated with cognitive decline. Prominent EPS developed soon after initiation of an atypical neuroleptic agent. Neuropsychologic evaluation revealed global cognitive deficits; he was found to be a carrier of a PS-1 point mutation at position G206A. EPS resolved completely after discontinuing the neuroleptic agent and coincided with improved motor speed, set initiation, and verbal fluency. Conclusions Severe neuroleptic sensitivity and associated deficits of cognitive speed occurred in response to a dopaminergic antagonist agent; both responded readily to withdrawal of the offending agent. Patients with PS-1 AD may be at substantially increased risk of neuroleptic-induced EPS. That feature underscores the heterogeneity of the FAD clinical phenotype. PMID:18797263

  7. An Activin Receptor IA/Activin-Like Kinase-2 (R206H Mutation in Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva

    Rafael Herrera-Esparza

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP is an exceptionally rare genetic disease that is characterised by congenital malformations of the great toes and progressive heterotopic ossification (HO in specific anatomical areas. This disease is caused by a mutation in activin receptor IA/activin-like kinase-2 (ACVR1/ALK2. A Mexican family with one member affected by FOP was studied. The patient is a 19-year-old female who first presented with symptoms of FOP at 8 years old; she developed spontaneous and painful swelling of the right scapular area accompanied by functional limitation of movement. Mutation analysis was performed in which genomic DNA as PCR amplified using primers flanking exons 4 and 6, and PCR products were digested with Cac8I and HphI restriction enzymes. The most informative results were obtained with the exon 4 flanking primers and the Cac8I restriction enzyme, which generated a 253 bp product that carries the ACVR1 617G>A mutation, which causes an amino acid substitution of histidine for arginine at position 206 of the glycine-serine (GS domain, and its mutation results in the dysregulation of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP signalling that causes FOP.

  8. Determination of 206/207Pb isotope ratios by ICP-MS in particulate matter from the North Sea environment

    The determination of lead isotope ratios can be used for source and pathway characterization of lead in the environment. The suitability of inductively coupled mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was evaluated for the measurement of 206/207Pb isotope ratios in several marine compartments as marine aerosols from different source regions and suspended particulate matter from the North Sea. Two different ICP-MS systems were used to carry out these investigations. First optimization studies have been performed to yield a sufficient precision (RSD<0.5%) incombination with a reasonable measuring time. This study has been carried out using the standard reference material NBS 981 with certified lead isotope ratios. Furthermore, it could be shown for marine environmental samples, that a precision of less than 0.5% RSD is attainable for counting rates of above approximately 50000 cps. As the following measurements of lead isotope ratios in marine aerosols from main source regions surrounding the North Sea demonstrated, this precision is sufficient to determine significant differences due to the origin of atmospheric lead. The analysis of aerosol samples revealed isotope ratios varying from as low as 1.10, which is close to that ratio for leaded gasoline in Europe to near background (modern lead) values of 1.20. The lead isotope ratios for the investigated suspended particulate matter ranges between 1.13 and 1.18. These values can be related to the solid discharge, the urban density and anthropogenic activity of the drainage basin. (orig.)

  9. Ion microprobe 207Pb/206Pb zircon ages for gneiss-granitoid rocks from Bundelkhand massif: evidence for Archaean components

    Radiometric 207Pb/206Pb ages of individual zircons from the Bundelkhand massif, central India, have been determined by an ion microprobe. Samples from various major litho-units, viz. the granite gneiss, hornblende-, biotite- and leuco-granitoid are included in this study. The results provide evidence for the presence of Archaean crustal components within this massif. Zircons with ages of 3.0 to 3.2 Ga occur as xenocrysts in a sample of granite gneiss from Lalitpur having a minimum formation age of 2.5 Ga. Another sample of a highly deformed gneiss from Babina has a well-defined age of 2.7 Ga. Emplacement of hornblende-granitoid and biotite-granitoid took place in quick succession at ∼ 2.5 Ga. No firm age for the youngest plutonic component, the leuco-granitoid, could be obtained due to poor recovery of zircons suitable for analysis. The geochronological data confirm the suggestion, based on geochemical studies, that the gneisses and the granitoids in this region represent Archaean and post-Archaean components respectively. (author)

  10. Expression of miR-1, miR-133a, miR-133b and miR-206 increases during development of human skeletal muscle

    Uney James B

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background MicroRNAs (miRNAs are small RNA molecules that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression and have been shown to play an important role during development. miR-1, miR-133a, miR-133b and miR-206 are expressed in muscle tissue and induced during muscle cell differentiation, a process that directs myoblasts to differentiate into mature myotubes, which are organized into myofibers. Although miR-1, miR-133a, miR-133b and miR-206 are well-studied in muscle, there is no information about their expression and function during human development. The purpose of this study was to determine the profile of these miRNAs in muscle cells isolated from different stages of human development. Results We examined the levels of miR-1, miR-133a, miR-133b and miR-206 during the development of human foetus. All four miRNA levels were found increased during late stages of human foetal muscle development. Increases in the expression levels of these miRNAs were proportional to the capacity of myoblasts to form myotubes. Changes in miRNA levels during human foetal development were accompanied by endogenous alterations in their known targets and also in their inducer, MyoD. Ectopic MyoD expression caused an induction of muscle cell differentiation in vitro, accompanied by an increase in the levels of miR-1, miR-133a, miR-133b and miR-206. Conclusions This study provides data about the profile of four miRNAs in human muscle cells isolated during different stages of foetal development. These results may shed light on the differentiation of muscle cells and regulation of muscle formation through miRNAs, during the development of human foetus.

  11. Comparative study on the immunopotentiator effect of ISA 201, ISA 61, ISA 50, ISA 206 used in trivalent foot and mouth disease vaccine

    Ibrahim, Ehab El-Sayed; Gamal, Wael Mossad; Hassan, Amr Ismail; Mahdy, Safy El-Din; Hegazy, Akram Zakria; Abdel-Atty, Magdy Mahmoud

    2015-01-01

    Aim: A comparison study was conducted to explore the best internationally available adjuvant that could be used in production of a highly potent foot and mouth disease (FMD) vaccine, that could stimulate a strong immune response and possibly give greater protection against FMD. Materials and Methods: Four experimental batches of trivalent FMD vaccine were prepared with different available oil adjuvants which included Montanide ISA 201, 206, 61 and 50. Results: The results indicated that vacci...

  12. Comparative study on the immunopotentiator effect of ISA 201, ISA 61, ISA 50, ISA 206 used in trivalent foot and mouth disease vaccine

    Ehab El-Sayed Ibrahim; Wael Mossad Gamal; Amr Ismail Hassan; Safy El-Din Mahdy; Akram Zakria Hegazy; Magdy Mahmoud Abdel-Atty

    2015-01-01

    Aim: A comparison study was conducted to explore the best internationally available adjuvant that could be used in production of a highly potent foot and mouth disease (FMD) vaccine, that could stimulate a strong immune response and possibly give greater protection against FMD. Materials and Methods: Four experimental batches of trivalent FMD vaccine were prepared with different available oil adjuvants which included Montanide ISA 201, 206, 61 and 50. Results: The results indicated that...

  13. Fabrication of Al/A206–Al2O3 nano/micro composite by combining ball milling and stir casting technology

    Highlights: ► Uniform distribution of alumina particles in molten Al alloy by using MMMC. ► Improvement in wettability of alumina particles with molten Al alloy by using MMMC. ► Porosity content in Al/A206-alumina composite decreased by using MMMC. ► Improvement in tensile strength of Al/A206-alumina composite by using MMMC. ► Decrease in interfacial reaction product by incorporating MMMC in semi-solid state. - Abstract: Al206/5vol.%Al2O3p cast composites were fabricated by the injection of reinforcing particles into molten Al alloy in two different forms, i.e. as Al2O3 particles and milled particulates of alumina with Al and Mg powders. The resultant milled powders (Master Metal Matrix Composite (MMMC)) were then added into the molten Al alloy both in semi-solid state and above liquidus temperature. Effects of powder addition technique, reinforcement particle size and casting temperature on distribution and incorporation of reinforcing particles into molten Al alloy were investigated. Morphology evolution of powders during milling, microscopic examinations of composite and matrix alloy were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis was also used to determine the possible interaction between powders after ball milling process. Results showed that injection of powders in the form of MMMC leads to considerable improvement in incorporation and distribution of Al2O3p in the Al206 matrix alloy leading to the improvement in tensile properties. Improvement in tensile properties is attributed to the better wetting of Al2O3p by melt as well as removing microchannels and roughness on alumina particles as a consequence of ball milling process

  14. Endothelial Cells Can Regulate Smooth Muscle Cells in Contractile Phenotype through the miR-206/ARF6&NCX1/Exosome Axis

    Lin, Xiao; He, Yu; Hou, Xue; Zhang, Zhenming; Wang, Rui; Wu, Qiong

    2016-01-01

    Active interactions between endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) are critical to maintaining the SMC phenotype. Exosomes play an important role in intercellular communication. However, little is known about the mechanisms that regulate endothelial cells and SMCs crosstalk. We aimed to determine the mechanisms underlying the regulation of the SMC phenotype by human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) through exosomes. We found that HUVECs overexpressing miR-206 upregulated co...

  15. MicroRNA-206 is differentially expressed in Brca1-deficient mice and regulates epithelial and stromal cell compartments of the mouse mammary gland.

    Wronski, A; Sandhu, G K; Milevskiy, M J G; Brewster, B L; Bridge, J A; Shewan, A M; Edwards, S L; French, J D; Brown, M A

    2016-01-01

    Depletion of Brca1 leads to defects in mouse mammary gland development and mammary tumors in humans and mice. To explore the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in this process, we examined the mammary glands of MMTV-Cre Brca1(Co/Co) mice for differential miRNA expression using a candidate approach. Several miRNAs were differentially expressed in mammary tissue at day 1 of lactation and in mammary epithelial cell lines in which Brca1 messenger RNA (mRNA) levels have been reduced. Functional studies revealed that several of these miRNAs regulate mammary epithelial cell function in vitro, including miR-206. Creation and analysis of MMTV-miR-206 transgenic mice showed no effect on lactational mammary development and no tumors, but indicates a role in mammary tissue remodeling in mature mice, potentially involving Igf-1 and Sfrp1. These results indicate the potential of miRNAs to mediate the consequences of Brca1 loss and suggest a novel function for miR-206. PMID:27043663

  16. CD206+ Cell Number Differentiates Influenza A (H1N1pdm09 from Seasonal Influenza A Virus in Fatal Cases

    Heidi G. Rodriguez-Ramirez

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In 2009, a new influenza A (H1N1 virus affected many persons around the world. There is an urgent need for finding biomarkers to distinguish between influenza A (H1N1pdm09 and seasonal influenza virus. We investigated these possible biomarkers in the lung of fatal cases of confirmed influenza A (H1N1pdm09. Cytokines (inflammatory and anti-inflammatory and cellular markers (macrophages and lymphocytes subpopulation markers were analyzed in lung tissue from both influenza A (H1N1pdm09 and seasonal influenza virus. High levels of IL-17, IFN-γ, and TNF-α positive cells were identical in lung tissue from the influenza A (H1N1pdm09 and seasonal cases when compared with healthy lung tissue (P<0.05. Increased IL-4+ cells, and CD4+ and CD14+ cells were also found in high levels in both influenza A (H1N1pdm09 and seasonal influenza virus (P<0.05. Low levels of CD206+ cells (marker of alternatively activated macrophages marker in lung were found in influenza A (H1N1pdm09 when compared with seasonal influenza virus (P<0.05, and the ratio of CD206/CD14+ cells was 2.5-fold higher in seasonal and noninfluenza group compared with influenza A (H1N1pdm09 (P<0.05. In conclusion, CD206+ cells differentiate between influenza A (H1N1pdm09 and seasonal influenza virus in lung tissue of fatal cases.

  17. Spectroscopic study of 206,207,208Pb isotopes by high resolution analysis of 24.5 MeV proton scattering

    206,207,208pb have been studied by 24.5 MeV proton inelastic scattering with a resolution of 20 keV. The angular distributions of the differential cross-sections corresponding to the different excited levels have been measured in a large angular region and analysed with the DWBA.This work shows that it exists between 4 and 5 MeV of excitation energy some strongly excited levels corresponding to transfer momenta l = 2, 4, 6 and 8. The single particle-hole models do not explain these states; so it will probably be necessary to introduce some several particle - hole configurations. (author)

  18. Two-step processes in the 116Sn(p,p')116Sn and 208Pb(p,t)206Pb reactions

    In this thesis the role of two-step processes is investigated in (p,p') and (p,t) reactions. An analysis is presented of inelastic proton-scattering on 116Sn. In particular the transitions to the low lying 0+, 2+ and 4+ states have been studied. Next transitions to unnatural-parity states in the 208Pb(p,t)206Pb reaction, measured at Esub(p) = 20 and 50.5 MeV, are studied. It is demonstrated that the data of these transitions, which are strongly forbidden in direct transfer, could satisfactorily be described by sequential-transfer calculations only. These calculations have been performed in a zero-range approximation for the (p,d) and (d,t) projectile formfactors. It is investigated if the finite-range effects in (p,d) (d,t) processes can be approximated by a first order correction. A method is presented to calculate this correction with the zero-range Coupled-Reaction Channel code CHUCK and it is shown that, the finite-range effects, as calculated by Charlton and Hashimoto are nearly exactly reproduced. The natural-parity transitions in the 208Pb(p,t)206Pb reaction are studied at various bombarding energies with direct-transfer calculations alone as well as with combined direct- and sequential-transfer calculations. (Auth.)

  19. Comparative study on the immunopotentiator effect of ISA 201, ISA 61, ISA 50, ISA 206 used in trivalent foot and mouth disease vaccine

    Ehab El-Sayed Ibrahim

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Aim: A comparison study was conducted to explore the best internationally available adjuvant that could be used in production of a highly potent foot and mouth disease (FMD vaccine, that could stimulate a strong immune response and possibly give greater protection against FMD. Materials and Methods: Four experimental batches of trivalent FMD vaccine were prepared with different available oil adjuvants which included Montanide ISA 201, 206, 61 and 50. Results: The results indicated that vaccines emulsified using Montanide ISA 201 and Montanide ISA 206 adjuvants elicited a protective humoral immune response from the 2nd week postvaccination (WPV as for ISA 201 with serum neutralization test (SNT and enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA antibody titers of 1.62±0.047a and 1.8±0.049a, 1.59±0.076a and 1.836±0.077a, and 1.71±0.06b and 1.96±0.074b for serotypes O, A, SAT2, respectively, and for ISA 206 at SNT and ELISA antibody titers of 1.5±0.082a and 1.84±0.084a, 1.56±0.037a and 1.818±0.052a, and 1.5±0.106a,b and 1.81±0.104a,b for FMD virus serotypes O, A and SAT2, respectively. For ISA 61 and ISA 50, the protective antibody titer appeared in the 3rd WPV. In the ISA 61 FMD vaccine, SNT and ELISA titer were 1.59±0.076a and 1.9±0.094a, 1.53±0.056a and 1.83±0.070a, and 1.5±0.082a and 1.84±0.094a for serotypes O, A and SAT2, respectively, and in the case of ISA 50 FMD vaccine, the SNT, and ELISA titer were recorded for serotypes O, A and SAT2 respectively, 1.59±0.037a and 1.8±0.030a, 1.68±0.056a,b and 1.916±0.065a,b, and 1.65±0.082a and 1.9±0.09a. On estimating the cellular immune response, the highest delta optical density levels for ISA 201 (0.395-0.460 and ISA 206 (0.375-0.428 were observed on 14 and 21 days post vaccination (DPV respectively, while the highest levels of lymphoproliferation for ISA 61 (0.375-0.455 and ISA 50 (0.411-0.430 were on 21 and 28 DPV, respectively. Conclusion: The duration of immunity from

  20. Comparative study on the immunopotentiator effect of ISA 201, ISA 61, ISA 50, ISA 206 used in trivalent foot and mouth disease vaccine

    Ibrahim, Ehab El-Sayed; Gamal, Wael Mossad; Hassan, Amr Ismail; Mahdy, Safy El-Din; Hegazy, Akram Zakria; Abdel-Atty, Magdy Mahmoud

    2015-01-01

    Aim: A comparison study was conducted to explore the best internationally available adjuvant that could be used in production of a highly potent foot and mouth disease (FMD) vaccine, that could stimulate a strong immune response and possibly give greater protection against FMD. Materials and Methods: Four experimental batches of trivalent FMD vaccine were prepared with different available oil adjuvants which included Montanide ISA 201, 206, 61 and 50. Results: The results indicated that vaccines emulsified using Montanide ISA 201 and Montanide ISA 206 adjuvants elicited a protective humoral immune response from the 2nd week postvaccination (WPV) as for ISA 201 with serum neutralization test (SNT) and enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA) antibody titers of 1.62±0.047a and 1.8±0.049a, 1.59±0.076a and 1.836±0.077a, and 1.71±0.06b and 1.96±0.074b for serotypes O, A, SAT2, respectively, and for ISA 206 at SNT and ELISA antibody titers of 1.5±0.082a and 1.84±0.084a, 1.56±0.037a and 1.818±0.052a, and 1.5±0.106a,b and 1.81±0.104a,b for FMD virus serotypes O, A and SAT2, respectively. For ISA 61 and ISA 50, the protective antibody titer appeared in the 3rd WPV. In the ISA 61 FMD vaccine, SNT and ELISA titer were 1.59±0.076a and 1.9±0.094a, 1.53±0.056a and 1.83±0.070a, and 1.5±0.082a and 1.84±0.094a for serotypes O, A and SAT2, respectively, and in the case of ISA 50 FMD vaccine, the SNT, and ELISA titer were recorded for serotypes O, A and SAT2 respectively, 1.59±0.037a and 1.8±0.030a, 1.68±0.056a,b and 1.916±0.065a,b, and 1.65±0.082a and 1.9±0.09a. On estimating the cellular immune response, the highest delta optical density levels for ISA 201 (0.395-0.460) and ISA 206 (0.375-0.428) were observed on 14 and 21 days post vaccination (DPV) respectively, while the highest levels of lymphoproliferation for ISA 61 (0.375-0.455) and ISA 50 (0.411-0.430) were on 21 and 28 DPV, respectively. Conclusion: The duration of immunity from Montanide ISA oils

  1. Mapping the boundaries of the seniority regime and collective motion: Coulomb excitation studies of N = 122 isotones $^{206}$Po and $^{208}$Rn

    Butler, P; Voulot, D; Rahkila, P J; Darby, I G; Grahn, T; Bree, N C F; Julin, R J; Diriken, J V J; Jenkins, D G; Kroell, T; Huyse, M L

    In regions near magic nuclei, seniority can be regarded as a good quantum number. In the N = 122 isotones above the Z = 82 shell closure relative high-$\\textit{j}\\,$ single-particle proton orbitals dominate the structure and thus levels up to $\\textit{I}$ = 2$\\textit{j}$ - 1 could, in principle, be understood within the seniority scheme. While B(E2) values usually increase within the band with increasing $\\textit{I}$, the seniority scheme can lead to a contrasting result. The present proposal addresses this phenomenon through the measurements of previously unknown B(E2; 0$^{+}\\rightarrow$ 2$^{+}$) values in $^{206}$Po and $^{208}$Rn. The proposed Coulomb excitation measurements of radioactive beams will be carried out at the REX-ISOLDE facility using the MINIBALL $\\gamma$-ray spectrometer.

  2. Advances in Interlaboratory Testing and Evaluation of Bituminous Materials State-of-the-Art Report of the RILEM Technical Committee 206-ATB

    Bahia, Hussain; Canestrari, Francesco; Roche, Chantal; Benedetto, Hervé; Piber, Herald; Sybilski, Dariusz

    2013-01-01

    This STAR on asphalt materials presents the achievements of RILEM TC 206 ATB, acquired over many years of interlaboratory tests and international knowledge exchange. It covers experimental aspects of bituminous binder fatigue testing; the background on compaction methods and imaging techniques for characterizing asphalt mixtures including validation of a new imaging software; it focuses on experimental questions and analysis tools regarding mechanical wheel tracking tests, comparing results from different labs and using finite element techniques. Furthermore, long-term rutting prediction and evaluation for an Austrian road are discussed, followed by an extensive analysis and test program on interlayer bond testing of three different test sections which were specifically constructed for this purpose. Finally, the key issue of manufacturing reclaimed hot mix asphalt in the laboratory is studied and recommendations for laboratory ageing of bituminous mixtures are given.

  3. SUZAKU VIEW OF THE SWIFT/BAT ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI. V. TORUS STRUCTURE OF TWO LUMINOUS RADIO-LOUD ACTIVE GALACTIC NUCLEI (3C 206 AND PKS 0707–35)

    We present the results from broadband X-ray spectral analysis of 3C 206 and PKS 0707–35 with Suzaku and Swift/BAT, two of the most luminous unobscured and obscured radio-loud active galactic nuclei (AGNs) with hard X-ray luminosities of 1045.5 erg s–1 and 1044.9 erg s–1 (14-195 keV), respectively. Based on the radio core luminosity, we estimate that the X-ray spectrum of 3C 206 contains a significant (∼60% in the 14-195 keV band) contribution from the jet, while it is negligible in PKS 0707–35. We can successfully model the spectra with the jet component (for 3C 206), the transmitted emission, and two reflection components from the torus and the accretion disk. The reflection strengths from the torus are found to be Rtorus(≡ Ω/2π) = 0.29 ± 0.18 and 0.41 ± 0.18 for 3C 206 and PKS 0707–35, respectively, which are smaller than those in typical Seyfert galaxies. Utilizing the torus model by Ikeda et al., we quantify the relation between the half-opening angle of a torus (θoa) and the equivalent width of an iron-K line. The observed equivalent width of 3C 206, Heq 23 cm–2, or the half-opening angle to θoa > 80° if NHeq =1024 cm–2 is assumed. That of PKS 0707–35, 72 ± 36 eV, is consistent with NHeq ∼1023 cm–2. Our results suggest that the tori in luminous radio-loud AGNs are only poorly developed. The trend is similar to that seen in radio-quiet AGNs, implying that the torus structure is not different between AGNs with jets and without jets

  4. 来源于假单孢菌206植酸酶基因的克隆、表达及酶学性质研究%Gene Cloning, Expression and Characterization of an HAP Phytase from Pseudomonas fluorescens 206

    李雅楠; 黄火清; 姚斌; 赵青; 刘昆; 马文康

    2013-01-01

    从浙江嘉兴人工鱼塘底泥样品筛选到产植酸酶活性较高的假单孢菌(Pseudomonas fluorescens)206.通过简并PCR和TAIL-PCR技术从Pseudomonas fluorescens 206菌株基因组DNA中克隆得到一个新的编码组氨酸酸性植酸酶(HAP)的基因,命名为phyP.该基因ORF全长1 284 bp,编码了427个氨基酸和一个终止密码子,前24个氨基酸为信号肽.将phyP在大肠杆菌中表达,重组蛋白经硫酸铵分级沉淀和阴离子交换柱纯化后达到电泳纯.对其酶学性质分析表明:重组植酸酶PhyP最适pH为5.5,在pH3.5-7.5的条件下具有较好的稳定性;重组植酸酶PhyP最适温度为45℃,在25℃时也具有较高的酶活性,因此植酸酶PhyP在饲料行业,尤其是水产行业具有潜在的应用前景.

  5. OGLE-2012-BLG-0455/MOA-2012-BLG-206: Microlensing event with ambiguity in planetary interpretations caused by incomplete coverage of planetary signal

    Park, H; Gould, A; Udalski, A; Sumi, T; Fouqué, P; Choi, J -Y; Christie, G; Depoy, D L; Dong, Subo; Gaudi, B S; Hwang, K -H; Jung, Y K; Kavka, A; Lee, C -U; Monard, L A G; Natusch, T; Ngan, H; Pogge, R W; Shin, I -G; Yee, J C; Szymański, M K; Kubiak, M; Soszyński, I; Pietrzyński, G; Poleski, R; Ulaczyk, K; Pietrukowicz, P; Kozłowski, S; Skowron, J; Wyrzykowski, Ł; Abe, F; Bennett, D P; Bond, I A; Botzler, C S; Chote, P; Freeman, M; Fukui, A; Fukunaga, D; Harris, P; Itow, Y; Koshimoto, N; Ling, C H; Masuda, K; Matsubara, Y; Muraki, Y; Namba, S; Ohnishi, K; Rattenbury, N J; Saito, To; Sullivan, D J; Sweatman, W L; Suzuki, D; Tristram, P J; Wada, K; Yamai, N; Yock, P C M; Yonehara, A

    2014-01-01

    Characterizing a microlensing planet is done from modeling an observed lensing light curve. In this process, it is often confronted that solutions of different lensing parameters result in similar light curves, causing difficulties in uniquely interpreting the lens system, and thus understanding the causes of different types of degeneracy is important. In this work, we show that incomplete coverage of a planetary perturbation can also result in degenerate solutions even for events where the planetary signal is detected with a high level of statistical significance. We demonstrate the degeneracy for an actually observed event OGLE-2012-BLG-0455/MOA-2012-BLG-206. The peak of this high-magnification event $(A_{\\rm max}\\sim400)$ exhibits very strong deviation from a point-lens model with $\\Delta\\chi^{2}\\gtrsim4000$. From detailed modeling of the light curve, we find that the deviation can be explained by four distinct solutions, i.e., two very different sets of solutions, each with a two-fold degeneracy. While th...

  6. J-UNIO protocol used for NMR structure determination of the 206-residue protein NP-346487.1 from Streptococcus pneumoniae TIGR4

    The NMR structure of the 206-residue protein NP-346487.1 was determined with the J-UNIO protocol, which includes extensive automation of the structure determination. With input from three APSY-NMR experiments, UNIO-MATCH automatically yielded 77 % of the backbone assignments, which were interactively validated and extended to 97 %. With an input of the near-complete backbone assignments and three 3D heteronuclear-resolved [1H,1H]-NOESY spectra, automated side chain assignment with UNIO-ATNOS/ASCAN resulted in 77 % of the expected assignments, which was extended interactively to about 90 %. Automated NOE assignment and structure calculation with UNIO-ATNOS/CANDID in combination with CYANA was used for the structure determination of this two-domain protein. The individual domains in the NMR structure coincide closely with the crystal structure, and the NMR studies further imply that the two domains undergo restricted hinge motions relative to each other in solution. NP-346487.1 is so far the largest polypeptide chain to which the J-UNIO structure determination protocol has successfully been applied

  7. Excitation functions of residual nuclei production from 40–2600 MeV proton-irradiated 206,207,208,natPb and 209Bi

    Yu E Titarenko; V F Batyaev; V M Zhivun; V O Kudryashov; K A Lipatov; A V Ignatyuk; S G Mashnik

    2007-02-01

    The work is aimed at experimental determination of the independent and cumulative yields of radioactive residual nuclei produced in intermediate-energy proton-irradiated thin targets made of highly isotopic enriched and natural lead (206,207,208,natPb) and 209Bi. 5972 radioactive product nuclide yields have been measured in 55 thin targets induced by 0.04, 0.07, 0.10, 0.15, 0.25, 0.6, 0.8, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6 and 2.6 GeV protons extracted from the ITEP U-10 proton synchrotron. The measured data have been compared with data obtained at other laboratories as well as with theoretical simulations by seven codes. We found that the predictive power of the tested codes is different but is satisfactory for most of the nuclides in the spallation region, though none of the codes agree well with the data in the whole mass region of product nuclides and all should be improved further.

  8. Characterization of the ground X1 state of 204Pb19F, 206Pb19F, 207Pb19F, and 208Pb19F

    Pure rotational spectra of the ground electronic-vibrational X1 state of 204Pb19F, 206Pb19F, 207Pb19F, and 208Pb19F are measured with a resonator pulsed supersonic jet Fourier-transform microwave spectrometer. Also reported is a new measurement of the Stark effect on the optical spectra of A(leftarrow)X1 transitions. These spectra are combined with published high-resolution infrared spectra of X2↔X1 transitions in order to create a complete picture of the ground state of lead monofluoride. For the microwave data, molecules are prepared by laser ablation of lead target rods and stabilized in a supersonic jet of neon mixed with sulfur hexafluoride. For the optical Stark spectra, a continuous source of molecules is created in a nozzle heated to 1000 deg. C. The microwave spectra confirm, improve, and extend previously reported constants that describe the rotational, spin-orbit, and hyperfine interactions of the ground electronic state of the PbF molecule. A discrepancy concerning the sign of the hyperfine constant describing the 207Pb nucleus is discussed. Magnetic-field-dependent microwave spectra are used to characterize the Zeeman interaction in terms of two g factors of the body-fixed electronic wave function. The optical Stark spectra are used to characterize the electric dipole moment of the X1 and A states.

  9. J-UNIO protocol used for NMR structure determination of the 206-residue protein NP-346487.1 from Streptococcus pneumoniae TIGR4

    Jaudzems, Kristaps [Latvian Institute of Organic Synthesis (Latvia); Pedrini, Bill [Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI), SwissFEL Project (Switzerland); Geralt, Michael; Serrano, Pedro; Wüthrich, Kurt, E-mail: wuthrich@scripps.edu [The Scripps Research Institute, Department of Integrative Structural and Computational Biology (United States)

    2015-01-15

    The NMR structure of the 206-residue protein NP-346487.1 was determined with the J-UNIO protocol, which includes extensive automation of the structure determination. With input from three APSY-NMR experiments, UNIO-MATCH automatically yielded 77 % of the backbone assignments, which were interactively validated and extended to 97 %. With an input of the near-complete backbone assignments and three 3D heteronuclear-resolved [{sup 1}H,{sup 1}H]-NOESY spectra, automated side chain assignment with UNIO-ATNOS/ASCAN resulted in 77 % of the expected assignments, which was extended interactively to about 90 %. Automated NOE assignment and structure calculation with UNIO-ATNOS/CANDID in combination with CYANA was used for the structure determination of this two-domain protein. The individual domains in the NMR structure coincide closely with the crystal structure, and the NMR studies further imply that the two domains undergo restricted hinge motions relative to each other in solution. NP-346487.1 is so far the largest polypeptide chain to which the J-UNIO structure determination protocol has successfully been applied.

  10. Solid-State Transformation of Iron-Rich Intermetallic Phases in Al-Cu 206 Cast Alloys During Solution Heat Treatment

    Liu, K.; Cao, X.; Chen, X.-G.

    2013-08-01

    The solid-state transformation of the iron-rich intermetallic phases in Al-Cu 206 cast alloys during the solution heat treatment was studied by using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Electron Back Scattered Diffraction (EBSD), Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC), and Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM). At a normal solution treatment temperature of 793 K (520 °C), no visible variation is observed for the β-Fe phase solidified from the Al alloy melt. With increasing soaking time, however, the Chinese script α-Fe becomes unstable and progressively transforms into platelet β-Fe, termed as solid-state-transformed (STed) β-Fe to distinguish it from the β-Fe directly solidified from the Al alloy melt. The STed β-Fe preferentially nucleates on the α-Fe and then grows from the α-Fe/Al interface into α-Fe and/or Al matrix with a much higher growth rate in the α-Fe. The incomplete solid-state transformation from α-Fe into STed β-Fe leads to the fragmentation of the α-Fe. The formation of the STed β-Fe with increasing size and volume fraction after longer soaking time can deteriorate the tensile properties.

  11. Suzaku View of the Swift/BAT Active Galactic Nuclei. V. Torus Structure of Two Luminous Radio-Loud Active Galactic Nuclei (3C 206 and PKS 0707-35)

    Tazaki, Fumie; Ueda, Yoshihiro; Terashima, Yuichi; Mushotzky, Richard F.; Tombesi, Francesco

    2013-01-01

    We present the results from broadband X-ray spectral analysis of 3C 206 and PKS 0707-35 with Suzaku and Swift/BAT, two of the most luminous unobscured and obscured radio-loud active galactic nuclei (AGNs) with hard X-ray luminosities of 10(sup 45.5) erg per second and 10(sup 44.9) erg per second (14-195 keV), respectively. Based on the radio core luminosity, we estimate that the X-ray spectrum of 3C 206 contains a significant (60% in the 14-195 keV band) contribution from the jet, while it is negligible in PKS 0707-35.We can successfully model the spectra with the jet component (for 3C 206), the transmitted emission, and two reflection components from the torus and the accretion disk. The reflection strengths from the torus are found to be R(sub torus)(=Omega/2pi) = 0.29 +/- 0.18 and 0.41 +/- 0.18 for 3C 206 and PKS 0707-35, respectively, which are smaller than those in typical Seyfert galaxies. Utilizing the torus model by Ikeda et al., we quantify the relation between the half-opening angle of a torus (theta(sub oa)) and the equivalent width of an iron-K line. The observed equivalent width of 3C 206, less than 71 eV, constrains the column density in the equatorial plane to N(sup eq)(sub H) lesst han 10(sup 23) per square centimeter, or the half-opening angle to theta(sub oa) greater than 80 deg. if N(sup eq)(sub H) = 10(sup 24) per square centimeter is assumed. That of PKS 0707-35, 72 +/- 36 eV, is consistent with N(sup eq)(sub H) 10(sup 23) per square centimeter. Our results suggest that the tori in luminous radio-loud AGNs are only poorly developed. The trend is similar to that seen in radio-quiet AGNs, implying that the torus structure is not different between AGNs with jets and without jets.

  12. Tolerogenic responses of CD206+, CD83+, FOXP3+, and CTLA-4 to sericin/polyvinyl alcohol/glycerin scaffolds relevant to IL-33 and HSP60 activity.

    Ampawong, Sumate; Aramwit, Pornanong

    2016-09-01

    Silk sericin-releasing (sericin/polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/glycerin) scaffolds have been designed for wound dressing applications using different fabrication techniques that influence scaffold antigenicity. The immunological tolerance of scaffolds depends on the balance of immunogenic and tolerogenic responses modulated by dendritic cells (DCs). An in vivo skin implantation model was used to compare the tolerogenic effect of sericin/PVA/glycerin scaffolds prepared by freeze-drying versus salt-leaching techniques, using an Allevyn® scaffold as a control. Immunohistochemical and histopathological studies were performed to evaluate tolerogenic DCs (CD206+), immunogenic DCs (CD83+), regulatory T-cells (FOXP3+ and CTLA-4), a proinflammatory cytokine (interleukin 33: IL-33), a stress marker (heat shock protein 60; HSP60), histopathological changes and related inflammatory cells. It was found that both sericin/PVA/glycerin scaffolds were tolerogenic and induced early activated Treg functions, while the Allevyn® scaffold was immunogenic. However, the tolerance of the freeze-dried sericin/PVA/glycerin scaffolds was not as consistent as the salt-leached sericin/PVA/glycerin scaffolds, indicated by the low level of CTLA-4 expression. This was probably due to molecular cross-linking and the morphological and mechanical properties of the freeze-drying technique, which would enhance the immune response. Severe inflammatory responses (including mast cell degranulation and foreign body giant cell accumulation) and histopathological changes (including fat infiltration and fibrosis formation) were mainly found with the Allevyn® scaffold, presumably from its architecture and chemical composition, especially polyurethane. The up-regulation of IL-33 and HSP60 with the Allevyn® scaffold was correlated with the inflammatory and pathological levels. Our findings suggested that salt-leached sericin/PVA/glycerin scaffolds were tolerogenic, induced a low inflammatory response and were

  13. 磷酸奥司他韦预防甲型H1N1流感时引起不良反应206例报道%Report of 206 cases of adverse drug reactions in using oseltamivir to prevent influenza A H1N1 influenza

    董伟; 王艳彩

    2011-01-01

    AIM To analyse the adverse drug reactions (ADRs) occurred in people who took oseltamivir phosphate to prevent influenza A H1N1 influenza. METHODS The ADRs of 2 978 cases who took oseltamivir phosphate 75 mg once daily for 7 d to prevent influenza A H1N1 influenza were recorded every day and 2 790 cases with intact data were carried out statistical analysis. RESULTS There were 206 cases of ADRs, with the total ADRs incidence rate of 7.38%. Cases with the main clinical manifestations of enteron symptoms such as diarrhea, nausea, and bellyache etc.were 157, with the incidence rate of 5.62%. The incidenec rate of ADRs was low in rash, otalgia, tachycardia, foreign body sensation of esophagus and nosebleed and insomnia etc. CONCLUSION The ADRs of oseltamivir phosphate in the prevention of influenza A HIN1 influenza mainly were enteron symptoms which do not affect the treatment in general. But if such symptoms as rash or tachyeardia occur, the drug should be immediately stopped and symptomatic treatment must be given.%目的 分析磷酸奥司他韦预防甲型H1N1流感时人群不良反应发生情况.方法 对2978例服用磷酸奥司他韦75㎎,qd,共7 d预防甲型H1N1型流感者逐日记录其不良反应并将2790例资料完整者进行分析统计.结果 206例出现不良反应,总不良反应发生率为7.38%,以腹泻、恶心、腹痛等消化道症状为主,共157例,发生率为5.62%.皮疹、耳痛、心动过速、食管异物感、鼻出血、失眠等发生率低.结论 磷酸奥司他韦预防甲型H1N1流感时不良反应以消化道症状为主,一般不影响治疗.如出现皮疹、心动过速等应停药并给予对症处理.

  14. Improved 206Pb/238U microprobe geochronology by the monitoring of a trace-element-related matrix effect; SHRIMP, ID-TIMS, ELA-ICP-MS and oxygen isotope documentation for a series of zircon standards

    Black, L.P.; Kamo, S.L.; Allen, C.M.; Davis, D.W.; Aleinikoff, J.N.; Valley, J.W.; Mundil, R.; Campbell, I.H.; Korsch, R.J.; Williams, I.S.; Foudoulis, C.

    2004-01-01

    Precise isotope dilution-thermal ionisation mass spectrometry (ID-TIMS) documentation is given for two new Palaeozoic zircon standards (TEMORA 2 and R33). These data, in combination with results for previously documented standards (AS3, SL13, QGNG and TEMORA 1), provide the basis for a detailed investigation of inconsistencies in 206Pb/238U ages measured by microprobe. Although these ages are normally consistent between any two standards, their relative age offsets are often different from those established by ID-TIMS. This is true for both sensitive high-resolution ion-microprobe (SHRIMP) and excimer laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ELA-ICP-MS) dating, although the age offsets are in the opposite sense for the two techniques. Various factors have been investigated for possible correlations with age bias, in an attempt to resolve why the accuracy of the method is worse than the indicated precision. Crystallographic orientation, position on the grain-mount and oxygen isotopic composition are unrelated to the bias. There are, however, striking correlations between the 206Pb/238U age offsets and P, Sm and, most particularly, Nd abundances in the zircons. Although these are not believed to be the primary cause of this apparent matrix effect, they indicate that ionisation of 206Pb/238U is influenced, at least in part, by a combination of trace elements. Nd is sufficiently representative of the controlling trace elements that it provides a quantitative means of correcting for the microprobe age bias. This approach has the potential to reduce age biases associated with different techniques, different instrumentation and different standards within and between laboratories. Crown Copyright ?? 2004 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Measurements of Neutron-Induced Fission Cross Sections of 205Tl, 204, 206, 207, 208Pb, and 209Bi using Quasi-Monoenergetic Neutrons in the Energy Range 35 - 174 MeV

    Tutin, Gennady A.; Ryzhov, Igor V.; Eismont, Vilen P.; Mitryukhin, Andrey G.; Oplavin, Valery S.; Soloviev, Sergey M.; Blomgren, Jan; Condè, Henri; Olsson, Nils; Renberg, Per-Ulf

    2005-05-01

    Cross sections for neutron-induced fission of 205Tl, 204, 206, 207, 208Pb, and 209Bi were measured in the energy range from 35 MeV to 174 MeV. The experiments were done at the neutron beam facility of The Svedberg Laboratory, using a multi-section Frisch-gridded ionization chamber for detection of the fission fragments. The neutron-induced fission cross section of 238U was employed as a reference. The results of the measurements are compared with existing experimental data.

  16. Measurements of neutron-induced fission cross-sections of 205Tl, 204,206,207,208Pb and 209Bi with a multi-section Frisch-gridded ionization chamber

    Ryzhov, I. V.; Tutin, G. A.; Mitryukhin, A. G.; Oplavin, V. S.; Soloviev, S. M.; Blomgren, J.; Renberg, P.-U.; Meulders, J. P.; El Masri, Y.; Keutgen, Th.; Prieels, R.; Nolte, R.

    2006-06-01

    Neutron-induced fission cross-sections of 205Tl, 204,206,207,208Pb and 209Bi have been measured in the energy range from 30 to 180 MeV. The measurements were performed with quasi-monoenergetic neutron beams using a multi-section Frisch-gridded ionization chamber. The neutron-induced fission cross-sections of 238U were used as reference data. The experimental techniques are described in detail as well as the data processing. The results are compared with existing experimental data.

  17. Measurements of neutron-induced fission cross-sections of 205Tl, 204,206,207,208Pb and 209Bi with a multi-section Frisch-gridded ionization chamber

    Neutron-induced fission cross-sections of 205Tl, 204,206,207,208Pb and 209Bi have been measured in the energy range from 30 to 180 MeV. The measurements were performed with quasi-monoenergetic neutron beams using a multi-section Frisch-gridded ionization chamber. The neutron-induced fission cross-sections of 238U were used as reference data. The experimental techniques are described in detail as well as the data processing. The results are compared with existing experimental data

  18. 急诊深静脉穿刺置管206例临床分析%Application of emergency deep venous catheterization outside the operation room

    祝义军; 封卫征; 史东平

    2007-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of inserted internal jugular vein cathe-ters and femoral vein catheters in emergency patients outside the operation room.Methods 206 patients received right internal vein catheterization(group J,n=110)and right femoral vein catheterization(group F,n=96).Suc-cessful rates of puncture,operation time,incidence of complications were observed and compared between the two groups.SAS6.04 software was used to analyze the data of the two groups.Results Emergency deep venous catheter-ization was accomplished in all the patients.There were no severe complication in two groups,such as pneumothorax and cardiac arrest.The rate of successful puncture in group J was 88%(97/110),however,100%(96/96)in group F.There was statistical significant difference between two groups(P<0.05).Mean time needed in group J (21.5±8.4)m was more than that in group F(12.5±5.3)min(P<0.05).The cases of puncturing into artery or serious arrhythmia in group F(2 cases)were less than that in group J(7 cases including hematoma in 4 cases)(P<0.05).6 cases were found to have arrhythmia in group J but there was not arrhythmia in group F(P<0.05).Con-chsion Different ways of emergency deep venous catheterization should be selected according to different condi-tions of patients outside the operation room.For critically ill patients,femoral vein puncture is more safe,with high rate of Success and less complication.%目的 比较手术室外行急诊颈内静脉与股静脉穿刺置管的优缺点.方法 手术室外行急诊深静脉穿刺置管患者206例,按照首次穿刺的血管分为右颈内静脉组110例和右股静脉组96例.分别记录2组的首次置管成功率、操作完成时间和并发症发生情况.采用SAS 6.04软件包对2组数据行t检验和非参数统计分析.结果 2组患者的病情、年龄、体重、性别相似,最终均完成深静脉穿刺置管,无气胸、心跳骤停等发生.右颈内静脉组首次成功率为88

  19. Reflection asymmetry in odd-A and odd-odd actinium nuclei

    Theoretical calculations and measurements indicate that octupole correlations are at a maximum in the ground states of the odd-proton nuclei Ac and Pa. It has been expected that odd-odd nuclei should have even larger amount of octupole-octupole correlations. We have recently made measurements on the structure of 224Ac. Although spin and parity assignments could not be made, two bands starting at 354.1 and 360.0 keV have properties characteristic of reflection asymmetric shape. These two bands have very similar rotational constants and also similar alpha decay rates, which suggest similarity between the wavefunctions of these bands. These signatures provide evidence for octupole correlations in these nuclides

  20. Bestimmung der Ionisationsenergie von Actinium und Ultraspurenanalyse von Plutonium mit resonanter Ionisationsmassenspektrometrie (RIMS)

    Waldek, Achim Marcus

    2001-01-01

    ZusammenfassungDie Resonanzionisationsmassenspektrometrie (RIMS) verbindet hohe Elementselektivität mit guter Nachweiseffizienz. Aufgrund dieser Eigenschaften ist die Methode für Ultraspurenanalyse und Untersuchungen an seltenen oder schwer handhabbaren Elementen gut geeignet. Für RIMS werden neutrale Atome mit monochromatischem Laserlicht ein- oder mehrfach resonant auf energetisch hoch liegende Niveaus angeregt und anschließend durch einen weiteren Laserstrahl oder durch ein elektrisches Fe...

  1. Radium-228 analysis of natural waters by Cherenkov counting of Actinium-228

    The activities of 228Ra in natural waters were determined by the Cherenkov counting of the daughter nuclide 228Ac. The radium was pre-concentrated on MnO2 and the radium purified via ion exchange and, after a 2-day period of incubation to allow for secular equilibrium between the parent-daughter 228Ra(228Ac), the daughter nuclide 228Ac was isolated by ion exchange according to the method of Nour et al. [2004. Radium-228 determination of natural waters via concentration on manganese dioxide and separation using Diphonix ion exchange resin. Appl. Radiat. Isot. 61, 1173-1178]. The Cherenkov photons produced by 228Ac were counted directly without the addition of any scintillation reagents. The optimum Cherenkov counting window, sample volume, and vial type were determined experimentally to achieve optimum Cherenkov photon detection efficiency and lowest background count rates. An optimum detection efficiency of 10.9±0.1% was measured for 228Ac by Cherenkov counting with a very low Cherenkov photon background of 0.317±0.013 cpm. The addition of sodium salicylate into the sample counting vial at a concentration of 0.1 g/mL yielded a more than 3-fold increase in the Cherenkov detection efficiency of 228Ac to 38%. Tests of the Cherenkov counting technique were conducted with several water standards of known activity and the results obtained compared closely with a conventional liquid scintillation counting technique. The advantages and disadvantages of Cherenkov counting compared to liquid scintillation counting methods are discussed. Advantages include much lower Cherenkov background count rates and consequently lower minimal detectable activities for 228Ra and no need for expensive environmentally unfriendly liquid scintillation cocktails. The disadvantages of the Cherenkov counting method include the need to measure 228Ac Cherenkov photon detection efficiency and optimum Cherenkov counting volume, which are not at all required when liquid scintillation analysis is used

  2. Linear free energy relationship applied to trivalent cations with lanthanum and actinium oxide and hydroxide structure

    Linear free energy relationships for trivalent cations with crystalline M2O3 and, M(OH)3 phases of lanthanides and actinides were developed from known thermodynamic properties of the aqueous trivalent cations, modifying the Sverjensky and Molling equation. The linear free energy relationship for trivalent cations is as ΔGf,MvX0=aMvXΔGn,M3+0+bMvX+βMvXrM3+, where the coefficients aMvX, bMvX, and βMvX characterize a particular structural family of MvX, rM3+ is the ionic radius of M3+ cation, ΔGf,MvX0 is the standard Gibbs free energy of formation of MvX and ΔGn,M3+0 is the standard non-solvation free energy of the cation. The coefficients for the oxide family are: aMvX=0.2705, bMvX=-1984.75 (kJ/mol), and βMvX=197.24 (kJ/molnm). The coefficients for the hydroxide family are: aMvX=0.1587, bMvX=-1474.09 (kJ/mol), and βMvX=791.70 (kJ/molnm).

  3. Actinium: A RESTful Runtime Container for Scriptable Internet of Things Applications

    Kovatsch, Matthias; Lanter, Martin; Duquennoy, Simon

    2012-01-01

    Programming Internet of Things (IoT) applications is challenging because developers have to be knowledgeable in various technical domains, from low-power networking, over embedded operating systems, to distributed algorithms. Hence, it will be challenging to find enough experts to provide software for the vast number of expected devices, which must also be scalable and particularly safe due to the connection to the physical world. To remedy this situation, we propose an architecture that pr...

  4. New method for large scale production of medically applicable Actinium-225 and Radium-223

    Alpha-emitters (211At, 212Bi, 213Bi, 223Ra, 225Ac) are promising for targeted radiotherapy of cancer. Only two alpha decays near a cell membrane result in 50% death of cancer cell and only a single decay inside the cell is required for this. 225Ac may be used either directly or as a mother radionuclide in 213Bi isotope generator. Production of 225Ac is provided by three main suppliers - Institute for Transuranium Elements in Germany, Oak Ridge National Laboratory in USA and Institute of Physics and Power Engineering in Obninsk, Russia. The current worldwide production of 225Ac is approximately 1.7 Ci per year that corresponds to only 100-200 patients that could be treated annually. The common approach for 225Ac production is separation from mother 229Th or irradiation of 226Ra with protons in a cyclotron. Both the methods have some practical limitations to be applied routinely. 225Ac can be also produced by irradiation of natural thorium with medium energy protons . Cumulative cross sections of 225Ac, 227Ac, 227Th, 228Th formations have been obtained recently. Thorium targets (1-9 g) were irradiated by 114-91 MeV proton beam (1-50 μA) at INR linear accelerator. After dissolution in 8 M HNO3 + 0.004 M HF thorium was removed by double LLX by HDEHP in toluene (1:1). Ac and REE were pre-concentrated and separated from Ra and most fission products by DGA-Resin (Triskem). After washing out by 0.01 M HNO3 Ac was separated from REE by TRU Resin (Triskem) in 3 M HNO3 media. About 6 mCi 225Ac were separated in hot cell with chemical yield 85%. The method may be upscaled for production of Ci amounts of the radionuclide. The main impurity is 227Ac (0.1% at the EOB) but it does not hinder 225Ac from being used for medical 225Ac/213Bi generators. (author)

  5. Synthesis of chelating agents for actinium 225 complexation and its application in radioimmunotherapy

    Immunotherapy with radiolabeled antibodies should allow fairly specific targeting of certain cancers. However, iodine 131 may not be the best isotope for tumor therapy because of its limited specific activity, low beta-energy, relatively long half life and strong gamma emission. Another approach to improve therapeutic efficacy is the use of replacement isotopes with better physical properties. Chelator that can hold radio-metals with high stability under physiological conditions are essential to avoid excessive damage to non-target cells; Moreover, the development of new bifunctional chelating agents is essential for this purpose. Accordingly, our efforts have been directed, for several years, to the synthesis of original chelating agents likely to form stable complexes in vivo with the numerous potential candidates for such applications. Therefore, we have developed a new simple and efficient synthesis pathway of 2-(4-iso-thio-cyanate-benzyl)-1,4,7,10,13,16- hexa-aza-cyclo-hexadecane- 1,4,7,10,13,16-hexa-acetic acid, though functionalized on the cycle by a termination allowed coupling to an antibody or any other biological substance such as a hapten. (author)

  6. Purification of selenium from thorium, uranium, radium, actinium and potassium impurities for low background measurements

    A technique of selenium purification from 232Th, 238U, 226,228Ra, 227Ac and 40K was developed. This technique is simple to perform and employs a minimum number of highly pure reagents (bidistilled water, nitric acid). Operations carried out during purification (elution, evaporation) practically exclude losses of the target product (chemical yields of Se > 99%). A test purification of 100 g of selenium was carried out using this technique. The efficiency of this technique was confirmed by low background gamma spectrometry of the purified selenium sample. Distribution coefficients of Th, U, Ra and Ac on DOWEX 50W- x 8 cation-exchange resin at different concentrations of selenium and nitric acid were experimentally determinated. Instrumental neutron activation analysis of bidistilled water, deionized water and nitric acid was performed. (orig.)

  7. Purification of selenium from thorium, uranium, radium, actinium and potassium impurities for low background measurements

    Rakhimov, A.V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna (Russian Federation); Uzbek Academy of Sciences, Tashkent (Uzbekistan). Inst. of Nuclear Physics (INP AS RUz); Warot, G. [CEA-CNRS, Modane (France). Laboratoire Souterrain de Modane (LSM); Karaivanov, D.V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna (Russian Federation); Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy (INRNE), Sofia (Bulgaria); Kochetov, O.I.; Lebedev, N.A.; Filosofov, D.V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna (Russian Federation); Mukhamedshina, N.M.; Sadikov, I.I. [Uzbek Academy of Sciences, Tashkent (Uzbekistan). Inst. of Nuclear Physics (INP AS RUz)

    2013-07-01

    A technique of selenium purification from {sup 232}Th, {sup 238}U, {sup 226,228}Ra, {sup 227}Ac and {sup 40}K was developed. This technique is simple to perform and employs a minimum number of highly pure reagents (bidistilled water, nitric acid). Operations carried out during purification (elution, evaporation) practically exclude losses of the target product (chemical yields of Se > 99%). A test purification of 100 g of selenium was carried out using this technique. The efficiency of this technique was confirmed by low background gamma spectrometry of the purified selenium sample. Distribution coefficients of Th, U, Ra and Ac on DOWEX 50W- x 8 cation-exchange resin at different concentrations of selenium and nitric acid were experimentally determinated. Instrumental neutron activation analysis of bidistilled water, deionized water and nitric acid was performed. (orig.)

  8. Stable (206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb) and radioactive (210Pb) lead isotopes in 1 year of growth of Sphagnum moss from four ombrotrophic bogs in southern Germany: Geochemical significance and environmental implications

    Shotyk, William; Kempter, Heike; Krachler, Michael; Zaccone, Claudio

    2015-08-01

    The surfaces of Sphagnum carpets were marked with plastic mesh and 1 year later the production of plant matter was harvested in four ombrotrophic bogs from two regions of southern Germany: Upper Bavaria (Oberbayern, OB) and the Northern Black Forest (Nordschwarzwald, NBF). Radioactive, 210Pb was determined in solid samples using ultralow background gamma spectrometry while total Pb concentrations and stable isotopes (206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb) were determined in acid digests using ICP-SMS. Up to 12 samples (40 × 40 cm) were collected per site, and 6-10 sites investigated per bog. The greatest variations within a given sampling site were in the range 212-532 Bq kg-1 for 210Pb activity, whereas 206Pb/207Pb and 208Pb/206Pb varied less than 1%. The median values of all parameters for the sites (6-10 per bog) were not significantly different. The median activities of 210Pb (Bq kg-1) in the mosses collected from the bogs in NBF (HO = 372 ± 56, n = 55; WI = 342 ± 58, n = 93) were slightly less from those in OB (GS = 394 ± 50, n = 55; KL = 425 ± 58, n = 24). However, the mosses in the NBF bogs exhibited much greater productivity (187-202 g m-2 a-1) compared to those of OB (71-91 g m-2 a-1), and this has a profound impact on the accumulation rates of 210Pb (Bq m-2 a-1), with the bogs in the NBF yielding fluxes (HO = 73 ± 30; WI = 65 ± 20) which are twice those of OB (GS = 29 ± 11; KL = 40 ± 13). Using the air concentrations of 210Pb measured at Schauinsland (SIL) in the southern Black Forest and average annual precipitation, the atmospheric fluxes of 210Pb at SIL (340 Bq m-2 a-1) exceeds the corresponding values obtained from the mosses by a factor of five, providing the first quantitative estimate of the net retention efficiency of 210Pb by Sphagnum. When the 210Pb activities of all moss samples are combined (n = 227), a significant decrease with increasing plant production rate is observed; in contrast, total Pb concentrations show the opposite trend. The contrasting

  9. Book Review: MULTIDIMENSIONAL EQUALITIES Anne Phillips Multiculturalism without Culture Princeton, NJ and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2007, 202 pp., ISBN 978-0-691-12944-0 Judith Squires The New Politics of Gender Equality Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, 206 pp., ISBN 978-0-230-00769-7

    2008-01-01

    Book Review: MULTIDIMENSIONAL EQUALITIES Anne Phillips Multiculturalism without Culture Princeton, NJ and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2007, 202 pp., ISBN 978-0-691-12944-0 Judith Squires The New Politics of Gender Equality Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, 206 pp., ISBN 978-0-230-00769-7

  10. U/Pb (SHRIMP), 207Pb/206Pb, Rb/Sr, Sm/Nd e K/Ar geochronology of granite-greenstone terrains of Gaviao Block: implications for the Proterozoic and Archean evolution of Sao Francisco Craton, Brazil

    The Gaviao Block (GB) in the northern portion of the Sao Francisco Craton-Northeast of Brazil, constitutes one of the oldest Archean fragments of the South American Platform Archean crust. GB underwent several events of juvenile accretion and reworking of continental crust along its evolutionary history, notably between the Archean and the Paleoproterozoic. 207Pb/206Pb isotopic analyses were carried out in two zircons populations from strongly migmatized TTG terranes found in the proximity of Brumado: the first population (7 crystals) is taken as representative of the crystallization period of the TTG terranes at 3300 ± 45 Ma; the second (2 crystals) represents the age of the first even of metamorphism/migmatization at 2910 ± 10 Ma. 207 Pb/206 Pb analyses in zircons from an outcrop of non-migmatized TTG in the area yielded a 3202 ± 15 Ma age (4 crystals), interpreted to be the crystallization period of the gneiss protolith. Sm/Nd analyses on the TTG rocks of the Brumado region yielded TDM model ages varying between 3.26 and 3.36 Ga and εNd(t) between -3.5 and +0.7. These data suggest the occurrence of juvenile accretions to the continental crust during the Archean, with differential involvement of crustal materials. The geochemical data of rare earth elements corresponding to the TTG terranes revealed moderate LRRE contents (LaN=83,5), low HREE contents (LaN=2,5) and a fairly fractionated pattern (La/Yb)N=34, besides lack of negative Eu anomaly, showing that these rocks have similar compositions to those TTG terranes of cratonic continents, as well as some Archean rocks from CSF (e.g. Sete Voltas, Boa Vista). Finally, the youngest ages present in GB rocks (ca. 1.2-0.45 Ga) represent the role played by tectono thermal events, which produced partial or total rejuvenation of the Rb/Sr and K/Ar isotopic systems during the Espinhaco and Brasiliano cycles. In particular, K/Ar ages illustrate the effect of younger regional cooling episodes related to the Brasiliano

  11. Comparison of Montanide adjuvants, IMS 3012 (Nanoparticle), ISA 206 and ISA 35 (Emulsion based) along with incomplete Freund's adjuvant for hyperimmunization of equines used for production of polyvalent snake antivenom.

    Waghmare, Arun; Deopurkar, R L; Salvi, Nitin; Khadilkar, Milind; Kalolikar, Milind; Gade, S K

    2009-02-11

    The use of adjuvant is of fundamental importance in vaccines formulations and antisera production. Currently selection and use of adjuvant systems in snake antivenom preparation has become a major issue in terms of animal welfare as well as economics. In order to minimize disadvantages associated with traditionally used Freund's adjuvant (FA) in equines and to produce potent polyvalent antivenom against four Indian snake venoms in minimum possible period, a comparison was made between various commercially available non-emulsion/emulsion based adjuvants like IMS 3012, ISA 206 and ISA 35 with Incomplete Freund's adjuvant (IFA) for their immunopotentiation capacity and safety in donor animals. The present study was conducted in 33 new horses, randomly divided into four groups and hyperimmunized using crude mixture of snake venoms, viz.; Cobra venom (CV), Russell's viper venom (RV), Krait venom (KV) and Saw-scaled viper (EV) along with four above mentioned adjuvants through subcutaneous (s.c.) route at intervals of two weeks. Periodic standard safety assessments were done. Immunopotentiation ability of each adjuvant group in terms of percent responders were estimated at 14th, 21st, 30th and 43rd week. The neutralization activity (ED(50)) of pooled sera samples by 43(rd) week, obtained with IMS 3012 group for CV, RV, KV and EV venoms were 0.133, 0.143, 0.070 and 0.270 mg venom/ml of serum respectively. The antivenom potency with IMS 3012 and overall responding horses (100%) even against weak immunogen like CV was significantly higher (p<0.05) than other three adjuvants studied. The horses of IMS 3012 group showed minimum local reactions at injection site, while horses from other three groups exhibited moderate (++) reactions; 66.7% in ISA 206, 12.5% in ISA 35 and 14.3% in IFA respectively, however these were transient and reabsorbed or healed subsequently. Finally, we conclude that, nanoparticle adjuvant IMS 3012 could be a possible alternative to the emulsion adjuvants

  12. Rb-Sr and single - zircon grain 207Pb / 206Pb chronology of the Monesterio granodiorite and related migmatites. Evidence of a Late Cambrian melting event in the Ossa-Morena Zone, Iberian Massif

    Bea, F.

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available The Monesterio granodiorite, a small granodioritic body placed in a migmatitic complex in the SW of the Olivenza-Monesterio antiform, is a key plutonic body to understanding the relationships among the magmatism, metamorphism, and deformation in the Ossa-Morena Zone, SW Iberian Massif. We dated the granodiorite with the single zircon stepwise-evaporation 207Pb/206Pb method, and the related migmatization event with the Rb-Sr method on leucosomes. Our results indicate that the Monesterio granodiorite crystallised at 510 ± 7 Ma and its protolith had a component with Upper Proterozoic zircons with a minimum age of 1696 Ma. Leucosomes give a Rb-Sr age of 511 ± 40 Ma (MSWD =1,7 with initial 87Sr/86Sr =0.70914 ± 0.00048. The lower initial 87Sr/86Sr of the granodiorite and its calc-alkaline chemistry precludes it from having derived from the same protolith as the migmatites. The existence of different magmatic bodies in the Ossa-Morena Zone with ages clustering around 500-510 Ma reveals the existence of a significant melting event during the Late Cambrian that involved protoliths with very different geochemical and isotopic signatures.La granodiorita de Monesterio es un pequeño cuerpo emplazado en un complejo migmatítico en el SO del antiforme Olivenza-Monesterio, importante para entender las relaciones entre magmatismo, metamorfismo y deformación en la Zona de Ossa-Morena. Se ha datado la granodiorita por el método de evaporación secuencial de 207Pb/206Pb en cristal único de circón y los leucosomes de las migmatitas circundantes por el método Rb-Sr. Los datos indican una edad de cristalización de la granodiorita de 510 ± 4 Ma y un posible protolito Proterozoico Superior con una edad mínima de ∼1.700 Ma, obtenida a partir de núcleos heredados de los circones analizados. Los leucosomes dan una edad Rb-Sr de 511 ± 40 Ma, con una relación 87Sr/86Sr=0,70914 ± 0,00048. La relación inicial de 87Sr/86Sr en la granodiorita (

  13. Assessment of comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry based methods for investigating 206 dioxin-like micropollutants in animal-derived food matrices.

    Planche, Christelle; Ratel, Jérémy; Mercier, Frédéric; Blinet, Patrick; Debrauwer, Laurent; Engel, Erwan

    2015-05-01

    This paper evaluates different multiresidue methods based on comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC×GC-TOF/MS) to analyze dioxin-related micropollutants in complex food matrices. In a first step, the column sets Rtx-PCB/BPX-50 and Rtx-Dioxin2/BPX-50 were compared in terms of peak shape (width and symmetry) and resolution for the separation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) in solvent. A satisfactory separation of 206 dioxin-related micropollutants including the 17 toxic PCDD/Fs was achieved in 75 min with the column set Rtx-Dioxin2/BPX-50. In a second time, the GC×GC-TOF/MS method was spread to the analysis of dioxin-related micropollutants in complex food matrices. An extraction procedure including accelerated solvent extraction (ASE), centrifugal evaporation and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) was optimized. Starting with meat as a model matrix, a micropollutant spiking method was then set up by comparing seven methods in terms of recoveries and reproducibility. The method combining immersion of the meat in a large volume of solvent containing micropollutants followed by homogenization by blender induced recoveries in the acceptable range of 70-130% and satisfactory standard deviations (≤10%) for most of the compounds studied. Limits of detection of the GC×GC-TOF/MS method ranged between 50 and 100 pg/g of spiked fresh meat for PCBs and between 65 and 227 pg/g for PCDD/Fs. Potential applications of this method are discussed. PMID:25814331

  14. Characterization of the ground X{sub 1} state of {sup 204}Pb{sup 19}F, {sup 206}Pb{sup 19}F, {sup 207}Pb{sup 19}F, and {sup 208}Pb{sup 19}F

    Mawhorter, Richard J.; Murphy, Benjamin S.; Baum, Alexander L.; Sears, Trevor J.; Yang, T.; Rupasinghe, P. M; McRaven, C. P.; Shafer-Ray, N. E.; Alphei, Lukas D.; Grabow, Jens-Uwe [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Pomona College, Claremont, California 91711-6327 (United States); Chemistry Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973-5000 (United States); Homer L. Dodge Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, Norman, Oklahoma (United States); Gottfried-Wilhelm-Leibniz-Universitaet, Institut fuer Physikalische Chemie and Elektrochemie, Lehrgebiet A, D-30167 Hannover (Germany)

    2011-08-15

    Pure rotational spectra of the ground electronic-vibrational X{sub 1} state of {sup 204}Pb{sup 19}F, {sup 206}Pb{sup 19}F, {sup 207}Pb{sup 19}F, and {sup 208}Pb{sup 19}F are measured with a resonator pulsed supersonic jet Fourier-transform microwave spectrometer. Also reported is a new measurement of the Stark effect on the optical spectra of A(leftarrow)X{sub 1} transitions. These spectra are combined with published high-resolution infrared spectra of X{sub 2}{r_reversible}X{sub 1} transitions in order to create a complete picture of the ground state of lead monofluoride. For the microwave data, molecules are prepared by laser ablation of lead target rods and stabilized in a supersonic jet of neon mixed with sulfur hexafluoride. For the optical Stark spectra, a continuous source of molecules is created in a nozzle heated to 1000 deg. C. The microwave spectra confirm, improve, and extend previously reported constants that describe the rotational, spin-orbit, and hyperfine interactions of the ground electronic state of the PbF molecule. A discrepancy concerning the sign of the hyperfine constant describing the {sup 207}Pb nucleus is discussed. Magnetic-field-dependent microwave spectra are used to characterize the Zeeman interaction in terms of two g factors of the body-fixed electronic wave function. The optical Stark spectra are used to characterize the electric dipole moment of the X{sub 1} and A states.

  15. 21 CFR 131.206 - Nonfat yogurt.

    2010-04-01

    ... solids not fat, and has a titratable acidity of not less than 0.9 percent, expressed as lactic acid. The... specified in paragraph (c) of this section with a characterizing bacterial culture that contains the lactic acid-producing bacteria, Lactobacillus bulgaricus and Streptococcus thermophilus. One or more of...

  16. 30 CFR 206.10 - Information collection.

    2010-07-01

    ... Mineral Resources MINERALS MANAGEMENT SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS REVENUE MANAGEMENT... CFR 210.10. ... requirements contained in this part have been approved by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under 44...

  17. 31 CFR 515.206 - Exempt transactions.

    2010-07-01

    ... data as defined in the Export Administration Regulations, 15 CFR parts 730-774, or to the exportation... yet created and completed, provision of services to market, produce or co-produce, create or assist in... performance, adaptation, and arrangement of the musical composition, with payment to be a percentage of...

  18. 7 CFR 1160.206 - Procedure.

    2010-01-01

    ... of members by mail, telephone, telegraph, or other means of electronic communication when, in the... to vote and any telephone vote is confirmed promptly in writing. Any action so taken shall have...

  19. 44 CFR 206.438 - Project management.

    2010-10-01

    ... Project management. (a) General. The State serving as grantee has primary responsibility for project management and accountability of funds as indicated in 44 CFR part 13. The State is responsible for ensuring... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Project management....

  20. 28 CFR 42.206 - Compliance reviews.

    2010-07-01

    ... disparity in the delivery of services to the minority and non-minority or male and female communities they... negotiations prior to the Director of OJARS' determination of compliance or noncompliance. (f) If, within 30..., the Director of OJARS shall make a determination of compliance or non-compliance. The...

  1. QTL Information Table: 206 [Q-TARO

    Full Text Available Physiological trait Source activity number of filled grains per panicle RFLP C)Interval RIL Zhen ... .L. (2001). Comparison of the detection of QTL for yi eld traits in different generations of a rice cross ... using two mapping approaches. Yi ... Chuan Xue Bao 28, 458-464. ...

  2. 44 CFR 206.349 - Consistency determinations.

    2010-10-01

    ... purpose of CBRA, as stated in section 2(b) of that statute, is to minimize the loss of human life... result from the proposed action: (1) Risks to human life; (2) Risks of damage to the facility...

  3. 44 CFR 206.221 - Definitions.

    2010-10-01

    ... public, and such facilities on Indian reservations. Further definition is as follows: (1) Educational... support, which are used to provide institutional care for persons who require close supervision and...

  4. 30 CFR 206.251 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    .... Lease means any contract, profit-share arrangement, joint venture, or other agreement issued or approved..., consortium, or joint venture. Sales type code means the contract type or general disposition (e.g., arm's... costs incurred by the lessee for coal washing. Transportation allowance means an allowance for...

  5. 44 CFR 206.113 - Eligibility factors.

    2010-10-01

    ... households who are displaced from other than their pre-disaster primary residence; (2) For housing assistance... immediately after the incident; (5) For housing assistance, for improvements or additions to the pre-disaster... HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE Federal Assistance to Individuals...

  6. 44 CFR 206.161 - Relocation assistance.

    2010-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE Other Individual Assistance... eligible for any kind of replacement housing payment under the Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real... his being unable, because of a major disaster as determined by the President, to meet the...

  7. 44 CFR 206.111 - Definitions.

    2010-10-01

    ... residence is uninhabitable, inaccessible, made unavailable by the landlord (to meet their disaster housing need) or not functional as a direct result of the disaster and has no other housing available in the... subsequent to or as a result of the disaster then the determination is based upon the amount paid for...

  8. 12 CFR 206.4 - Credit exposure.

    2010-01-01

    ... part, the credit exposure of a bank to a correspondent shall consist of the bank's assets and off... issued by the correspondent. For this purpose, off-balance sheet items shall be valued on the basis of... adequacy guidelines. (c) Netting. Transactions covered by netting agreements that are valid and...

  9. ACC 206 NEW Tutorial/Uoptutorial

    Stella,, Maurizio

    2015-01-01

    For more course tutorials visit www.uoptutorial.com   ACC 205 Week 1 DQ 1 Accounting Equation  ACC 205 Week 1 DQ 2 Accounts  ACC 205 Week 1 Journal Balance Sheet Journal  ACC 205 Week 2 DQ 1 Accounting Cycle  ACC 205 Week 2 DQ 2 Bank Reconciliation  ACC 205 Week 2 Journal Income Statement Journal  ACC 205 Week 3 DQ 1 LIFO vs. FIFO  ACC 205 Week 3 DQ 2 Depreciation  ACC 205 Week 3 Journal Inventory Journal...

  10. 20 CFR 498.206 - Prehearing conferences.

    2010-04-01

    ... definite statement; (3) Stipulations and admissions of fact as to the contents and authenticity of documents and deadlines for challenges, if any, to the authenticity of documents; (4) Whether the...

  11. 30 CFR 206.151 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... dehydration, measurement, and/or gathering to the extent that the lessee is obligated to perform them at no... approved by the United States under a mineral leasing law that authorizes exploration for, development or... annual royalty that the lessee must pay as specified in the lease or in applicable leasing...

  12. 31 CFR 595.206 - Exempt transactions.

    2010-07-01

    ..., provision of services to market, produce or co-produce, create or assist in the creation of information and... Administration Regulations, 15 CFR parts 768-799 (1994), or to the exportation of goods for use in the... transfer of anything of value. (b) Information and informational materials. (1) The importation from...

  13. 21 CFR 206.7 - Exemptions.

    2010-04-01

    ... extemporaneously compounded by a licensed pharmacist, upon receipt of a valid prescription for an individual patient from a practitioner licensed by law to prescribe or administer drugs, to be used solely by...

  14. Purification of radium-226 for the manufacturing of actinium-225 in a cyclotron for alpha-immunotherapy; Radium-Aufreinigung zur Herstellung von Actinium-225 am Zyklotron fuer die Alpha-Immuntherapie

    Marx, Sebastian Markus

    2014-09-23

    The thesis describes the development of methods for the purification of Ra-226. The objective was to obtain the radionuclide in the quality that is needed to be used as starting material in the manufacturing process for Ac-225 via proton-irradiated Ra-226. The radionuclide has been gained efficiently out of huge excesses of impurities. The high purity of the obtained radium affords its use as staring material in a pharmaceutical manufacturing process.

  15. Renal uptake of bismuth-213 and its contribution to kidney radiation dose following administration of actinium-225-labeled antibody

    Schwartz, J; O' Donoghue, J A; Humm, J L [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Jaggi, J S [Bristol-Myers Squibb, Plainsboro, NJ (United States); Ruan, S; Larson, S M [Nuclear Medicine Service Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065 (United States); McDevitt, M; Scheinberg, D A, E-mail: schwarj1@mskcc.org [Molecular Pharmacology and Chemistry, Sloan-Kettering Institute, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065 (United States)

    2011-02-07

    Clinical therapeutic studies using {sup 225}Ac-labeled antibodies have begun. Of major concern is renal toxicity that may result from the three alpha-emitting progeny generated following the decay of {sup 225}Ac. The purpose of this study was to determine the amount of {sup 225}Ac and non-equilibrium progeny in the mouse kidney after the injection of {sup 225}Ac-huM195 antibody and examine the dosimetric consequences. Groups of mice were sacrificed at 24, 96 and 144 h after injection with {sup 225}Ac-huM195 antibody and kidneys excised. One kidney was used for gamma ray spectroscopic measurements by a high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector. The second kidney was used to generate frozen tissue sections which were examined by digital autoradiography (DAR). Two measurements were performed on each kidney specimen: (1) immediately post-resection and (2) after sufficient time for any non-equilibrium excess {sup 213}Bi to decay completely. Comparison of these measurements enabled estimation of the amount of excess {sup 213}Bi reaching the kidney ({gamma}-ray spectroscopy) and its sub-regional distribution (DAR). The average absorbed dose to whole kidney, determined by spectroscopy, was 0.77 (SD 0.21) Gy kBq{sup -1}, of which 0.46 (SD 0.16) Gy kBq{sup -1} (i.e. 60%) was due to non-equilibrium excess {sup 213}Bi. The relative contributions to renal cortex and medulla were determined by DAR. The estimated dose to the cortex from non-equilibrium excess {sup 213}Bi (0.31 (SD 0.11) Gy kBq{sup -1}) represented {approx}46% of the total. For the medulla the dose contribution from excess {sup 213}Bi (0.81 (SD 0.28) Gy kBq{sup -1}) was {approx}80% of the total. Based on these estimates, for human patients we project a kidney-absorbed dose of 0.28 Gy MBq{sup -1} following administration of {sup 225}Ac-huM195 with non-equilibrium excess {sup 213}Bi responsible for approximately 60% of the total. Methods to reduce renal accumulation of radioactive progeny appear to be necessary for the success of {sup 225}Ac radioimmunotherapy.

  16. Purification of radium-226 for the manufacturing of actinium-225 in a cyclotron for alpha-immunotherapy

    The thesis describes the development of methods for the purification of Ra-226. The objective was to obtain the radionuclide in the quality that is needed to be used as starting material in the manufacturing process for Ac-225 via proton-irradiated Ra-226. The radionuclide has been gained efficiently out of huge excesses of impurities. The high purity of the obtained radium affords its use as staring material in a pharmaceutical manufacturing process.

  17. Distribution of trace elements in land plants and botanical taxonomy with special reference to rare earth elements and actinium

    Distribution profiles of trace elements in land plants were studied by neutron activation analysis and radioactivity measurements without activation. Number of botanical samples analyzed were more than three thousand in which more than three hundred botanical species were included. New accumulator plants of Co, Cr, Zn, Cd, rare earth elements, Ac, U, etc., were found. Capabilities of accumulating trace elements can be related to the botanical taxonomy. Discussions are given from view points of inorganic chemistry as well as from botanical physiology

  18. Clinical distribution and drug resistance of 3 206 strains of Enterobacteriaceae bacteria%3206株肠杆菌科细菌的临床分布及耐药性分析

    冯丽娜; 李从荣; 潘月华; 杨勇文

    2016-01-01

    目的 了解临床分离肠杆菌科细菌的临床分布及耐药性,为临床合理使用抗菌药物提供理论依据.方法 分析2014年1月至2015年6月武汉大学人民医院分离的肠杆菌科细菌分布特点及药敏结果,分离的所有肠杆菌科细菌均采用全自动细菌鉴定药敏系统BD-Phoenix-100进行鉴定.结果 共检出3 206株肠杆菌科细菌,其中主要为大肠埃希菌1 821株(56.8%)、肺炎克雷伯菌652株(20.4%)、阴沟肠杆菌201株(6.3%)、产气肠杆菌104株(3.2%),肠杆菌科细菌以尿液标本分离率最高(1 666株,52.0%),其次为痰标本(463株,14.4%)和血液标本(343株, 10.7%),科室分布以泌尿外科(599株,18.7%)和肾病内科(380株,11.9%)为主.肠杆菌科细菌敏感性最高的抗菌药物为亚胺培南和美罗培南,尤其是大肠埃希菌和肺炎克雷伯菌,耐药率均低于3.1%,阿米卡星和哌拉西林/他唑巴坦亦保持了良好的抗菌活性.结论 肠杆菌科细菌在泌尿外科和肾病内科分布比较集中,对抗菌药物呈现不同程度的耐药,碳青霉烯类抗生素亚胺培南和美罗培南仍是最敏感的抗肠杆菌科细菌药物,但已有耐药株的出现,临床应采取有效的防控措施从而减少耐药菌株的出现和播散流行.%Objective To analyze the clinical distribution and drug resistance of Enterobacteriaceae bacteria, and to provide theoretical basis for clinical rational use of antimicrobial agents. Methods The clinical distribution and drug susceptibility results of Enterobacteriaceae bacteria isolated from Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from Janu-ary 2014 to June 2015 were analyzed. All the isolated Enterobacteriaceae bacteria were identified by automatic bacteria identification and drug susceptibility systems BD-Phoenix-100. Results A total of 3 206 strains of Enterobacteriaceae bacteria were detected, mainly including 1 821 strains (56.8%) of E. coli, 652 strains (20.4%) of Klebsiella pneumonia, 201 strains (6.3%) of

  19. 49 CFR 571.206 - Standard No. 206; Door locks and door retention components.

    2010-10-01

    ... accordance with paragraph 6 of Society of Automotive Engineers Recommended Practice J839, Passenger Car Side... passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, and trucks, and buses with a gross vehicle weight rating... material. Body Member is that portion of the hinge normally affixed to the body structure. Door...

  20. U/Pb (SHRIMP), {sup 207}Pb/{sup 206}Pb, Rb/Sr, Sm/Nd e K/Ar geochronology of granite-greenstone terrains of Gaviao Block: implications for the Proterozoic and Archean evolution of Sao Francisco Craton, Brazil; Geocronologia U/Pb (SHRIMP), {sup 207}Pb/{sup 206}Pb, Rb/Sr, Sm/Nd e K/Ar dos terrenos granito-greenstone do Bloco do Gaviao: implicacoes para a evolucao arqueana e proterozoica do craton do Sao Francisco, Brasil

    Leal, Luiz Rogerio Bastos

    1998-07-01

    The Gaviao Block (GB) in the northern portion of the Sao Francisco Craton-Northeast of Brazil, constitutes one of the oldest Archean fragments of the South American Platform Archean crust. GB underwent several events of juvenile accretion and reworking of continental crust along its evolutionary history, notably between the Archean and the Paleoproterozoic. {sup 207}Pb/{sup 206}Pb isotopic analyses were carried out in two zircons populations from strongly migmatized TTG terranes found in the proximity of Brumado: the first population (7 crystals) is taken as representative of the crystallization period of the TTG terranes at 3300 {+-} 45 Ma; the second (2 crystals) represents the age of the first even of metamorphism/migmatization at 2910 {+-} 10 Ma. {sup 207} Pb/{sup 206} Pb analyses in zircons from an outcrop of non-migmatized TTG in the area yielded a 3202 {+-} 15 Ma age (4 crystals), interpreted to be the crystallization period of the gneiss protolith. Sm/Nd analyses on the TTG rocks of the Brumado region yielded T{sub DM} model ages varying between 3.26 and 3.36 Ga and {epsilon}{sub Nd}{sup (t)} between -3.5 and +0.7. These data suggest the occurrence of juvenile accretions to the continental crust during the Archean, with differential involvement of crustal materials. The geochemical data of rare earth elements corresponding to the TTG terranes revealed moderate LRRE contents (La{sub N}=83,5), low HREE contents (La{sub N}=2,5) and a fairly fractionated pattern (La/Yb){sub N}=34, besides lack of negative Eu anomaly, showing that these rocks have similar compositions to those TTG terranes of cratonic continents, as well as some Archean rocks from CSF (e.g. Sete Voltas, Boa Vista). Finally, the youngest ages present in GB rocks (ca. 1.2-0.45 Ga) represent the role played by tectono thermal events, which produced partial or total rejuvenation of the Rb/Sr and K/Ar isotopic systems during the Espinhaco and Brasiliano cycles. In particular, K/Ar ages illustrate the

  1. Residual nuclide formation in 206,207,208,natPb and 209Bi induced by 0.04 - 2.6 GeV protons as well as in 56Fe induced by 0.3 - 2.6 GeV protons

    This work is aimed at experimental determination of independent and cumulative yields of radioactive residual product nuclei in the intermediate energy proton-irradiated thin targets made of highly isotopic enriched and natural lead (206,207,208,natPb), bismuth (209Bi), and highly isotopic enriched iron (56Fe). 5972 independent and cumulative yields of radioactive residuals nuclei have been measured in 55 thin Pb and Bi targets irradiated by 0.04, 0.07, 0.10, 0.15, 0.25, 0.6, 0.8, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6, and 2.6 GeV protons. Besides, 219 yields have been measured in 0.3, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.6 GeV proton-irradiated Fe target. In both cases, the protons were extracted from the ITEP U-10 synchrotron. The measured data are compared with experimental results obtained elsewhere and with theoretical calculations by seven codes. The predictive power was found to be different for each of the codes tested, but was satisfactory on the whole in the case of spallation products. At the same time, none of the codes can describe well the product yields throughout the whole product mass range, and all codes must be further improved. (authors)

  2. Dicty_cDB: VSJ206 [Dicty_cDB

    Full Text Available PROGRESS *** from clone RP23-412I2. 42 7.8 1 U54556 |U54556.2 Litomosoides sigmo...***, 2 unordered pieces. 46 1.8 2 AL672068 |AL672068.13 Mouse DNA sequence from clone RP23-69M9 on chromos...ome X. 38 4.2 3 AC142447 |AC142447.3 Homo sapiens chromosome 8, clone XXfos-800846H...vialvllpkvihi*niqfkqlishgnqv vnntlpynygnqkh*vfgtilkkleslqvtnlimmvkh*sftgvlmvhlisitqii*lnh mnfkiqilkf*kiifkll*iket Homo...0 VHH461 (VHH461Q) /CSM/VH/VHH4-C/VHH461Q.Seq.d/ 999 0.0 own update 2003. 1.10 Homology vs DNA Score E Seque

  3. Dicty_cDB: VFM206 [Dicty_cDB

    Full Text Available nfkmmvf hticyglmlnnvmdvgvi*vttqhlfkkplklpkilvlmlvftvqlvngvkl*vi*vv*v ltygmltmiiih...hsliqafmnlvvglhql*nntlvmemsvvlali*islvlehvqhqlvq vqahhqvhhqvhhqvhhqvqvhhqvqvhhrvhhqvqdqahhhqdq Frame B: flil

  4. 44 CFR 206.14 - Criminal and civil penalties.

    2010-10-01

    ... Stafford Act that may warrant consideration for criminal prosecution. (d) Civil penalty. Any individual who... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Criminal and civil penalties... civil penalties. (a) Misuse of funds. Any person who knowingly misapplies the proceeds of a loan...

  5. 44 CFR 206.35 - Requests for emergency declarations.

    2010-10-01

    ..., which would not qualify under the definition of a major disaster, the Governor of a State, or the Acting... Regional Administrator shall consult the Governor of the affected State, if practicable. (e)...

  6. 48 CFR 15.206 - Amending the solicitation.

    2010-10-01

    ... the contract file and formalize the notice with an amendment (see subpart 4.5, Electronic Commerce in... (and electronic or facsimile address, if appropriate). (7) Revision to solicitation closing date,...

  7. 44 CFR 206.208 - Direct Federal assistance.

    2010-10-01

    ... agency in all support and local jurisdictional matters. (2) A statement as to the reasons the State and... Federal agency in all State and local jurisdictional matters. These matters include securing local building permits and rights of entry, control of traffic and pedestrians, and compliance with...

  8. Dicty_cDB: SHE206 [Dicty_cDB

    Full Text Available SIYDS*sqetl*sr*ewsitlgr sy*sles*tnflwfcwylyfimerrfrfnr*ts*s*kd*ss*vshveleerfrketssl* sfpsn*igq*k**csrikw*t*g...gr sy*sles*tnflwfcwylyfimerrfrfnr*ts*s*kd*ss*vshveleerfrketssl* sfpsn*igq*k**csrikw*t*g*tifpyfkqri*yh*kfktfp...fkekeycdglw*r*w w*w*rw*YNPKVYQLVKVWMIYHHLQTLVA--- ---PLIMSIWTVPNRCKRSNHFHSRRYDSCNGVTKSHSIYDS*sqetl*sr*ewsitl

  9. 44 CFR 206.435 - Project identification and selection criteria.

    2010-10-01

    ... potential loss of life, loss of essential services, damage to critical facilities, or economic hardship on the community; (3) Measures that have the greatest potential impact on reducing future disaster...

  10. 5 CFR 870.206 - Accidental death and dismemberment.

    2010-01-01

    ... REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' GROUP LIFE INSURANCE PROGRAM Types and Amount of Insurance § 870... dismemberment benefits for the loss of a hand, foot, or eye are equal to one-half the BIA. For loss of 2 or more... dismemberment benefits for the loss of a hand, foot, or eye are equal to one-half the amount of Option A....

  11. 42 CFR 457.206 - Administrative appeals under CHIP.

    2010-10-01

    ... provisions of 42 CFR part 430, subpart D of this chapter. (b) FFP in State CHIP expenditures. Disallowances... the Departmental Appeals Board (the Board) in accordance with procedures set forth in 45 CFR part 16. (c) Discretionary grants disputes. Determinations listed in 45 CFR part 16, appendix A, pertaining...

  12. 7 CFR 3565.206 - Ineligible uses of loan proceeds.

    2010-01-01

    ... not affixed to the real estate, such as special portable equipment, furnishings, kitchen ware, dining... uses of loan proceeds. Loan proceeds must not be used for the following: (a) Specialized equipment...

  13. 5 CFR 575.206 - Authorizing a relocation incentive.

    2010-01-01

    ... use of a direct-hire authority applicable to the position (or group of positions) under 5 CFR part 337... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authorizing a relocation incentive. 575... RECRUITMENT, RELOCATION, AND RETENTION INCENTIVES; SUPERVISORY DIFFERENTIALS; AND EXTENDED...

  14. 30 CFR 206.152 - Valuation standards-unprocessed gas.

    2010-07-01

    ... pursuant to 30 CFR 218.54. If the lessee is entitled to a credit, MMS will provide instructions for the... CFR part 2. ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Valuation standards-unprocessed gas....

  15. 30 CFR 206.153 - Valuation standards-processed gas.

    2010-07-01

    ... to 30 CFR 218.54. If the lessee is entitled to a credit, MMS will provide instructions for the taking... the Freedom of Information Act regulation of the Department of the Interior, 43 CFR part 2. ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Valuation standards-processed gas....

  16. 19 CFR 206.14 - Contents of petition.

    2010-04-01

    ... operations at a reasonable level of profit; and (iii) Significant unemployment or underemployment within the... sought, including the type, amount, and duration, and the specific purposes therefor, which may...

  17. 40 CFR 421.206 - Pretreatment standards for new sources.

    2010-07-01

    ... mercury produced from batteries Lead 0.030 0.014 Mercury 0.016 0.006 (b) Acid wash and rinse water. PSNS....00026 Mercury 0.00030 0.00012 (c) Furnance wet air pollution control. PSNS for the Secondary Mercury... GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS NONFERROUS METALS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Secondary Mercury...

  18. 32 CFR 206.3 - Overall program emphasis.

    2010-07-01

    ... programs of study. (b) Addressing the need for improving study abroad infrastructure. The NSEP encourages... any student's international education is a quality study abroad experience that includes a significant..., there are only limited opportunities to study abroad in many foreign areas. In addition, many...

  19. 32 CFR 206.5 - Final proposal process.

    2010-07-01

    ... be evaluated in two basic categories: (1) Proposals that address study abroad infrastructure and (2... foreign cultural competency? In the case of study abroad programs, how will the success and impact of study abroad experiences be assessed. Proposals should not defer the consideration of these issues to...

  20. 19 CFR 206.42 - Who may file a petition.

    2010-04-01

    ..., firm, certified or recognized union, or group of workers, that is representative of a domestic industry... may be filed by an entity, including a trade association, firm, certified or recognized union,...

  1. 44 CFR 206.118 - Disposal of housing units.

    2010-10-01

    ... providing temporary housing to disaster victims in major disasters and emergencies. As a condition of the... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disposal of housing units..., DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE Federal Assistance...

  2. 44 CFR 206.114 - Criteria for continued assistance.

    2010-10-01

    ... a permanent housing plan through no fault of their own. (4) FEMA may certify pre-disaster owners for..., DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE FEDERAL DISASTER ASSISTANCE Federal Assistance to... assistance under this subpart to obtain and occupy permanent housing at the earliest possible time. FEMA...

  3. 15 CFR 970.206 - Statement of ownership.

    2010-01-01

    ...) Whether the citizen is a natural person, partnership, corporation, joint venture, or other form of... association; and (5) The name of each member of the association, partnership, or joint venture, including information about the participation of each partner and joint venturer and/or ownership of stock....

  4. 15 CFR 971.206 - Statement of ownership.

    2010-01-01

    ..., including: (i) Whether the citizen is a natural person, partnership, corporation, joint venture, or other... of the association, partnership, or joint venture, including information about the participation and/or ownership of stock of each partner or joint venturer....

  5. 30 CFR 206.157 - Determination of transportation allowances.

    2010-07-01

    ... a rate of return in accordance with paragraph (b)(2)(iv)(B) of this section. Allowable capital costs... salvage value. (B) The MMS shall allow as a cost an amount equal to the allowable initial capital... production month based on the lesser of the volume-weighted average of the rates paid by the third...

  6. 19 CFR 206.34 - Contents of petition.

    2010-04-01

    ... RELATING TO GLOBAL AND BILATERAL SAFEGUARD ACTIONS, MARKET DISRUPTION, TRADE DIVERSION, AND REVIEW OF..., a Canadian or Mexican article, as the case may be, is being imported into the United States in such... the claim that the Canadian or Mexican article concerned is being imported in increased quantities...

  7. 48 CFR 49.206-1 - Submission of settlement proposals.

    2010-10-01

    ... accounting data. Actual, standard (appropriately adjusted), or average costs may be used in preparing settlement proposals if they are determined under generally recognized accounting principles consistently... not be required to maintain unduly elaborate cost accounting systems merely because their...

  8. Dicty_cDB: SHD206 [Dicty_cDB

    Full Text Available Number of HSP's gapped (non-prelim): 0 length of query: 123 length of database: 80,480,566 effective HSP length: 17 effective... length of query: 106 effective length of database: 78,821,179 effective search space: 8355044974 effective...ve HSP length: 22 effective length of query: 101 effective length of database: 55,795,563,357 effective... search space: 5635351899057 effective search space used: 5635351899057 T: 0 A: 0 X1: 11...r of successful extensions: 0 Number of sequences better than 10.0: 0 length of query: 123 length of database: 56,950,275,839 effecti

  9. Dicty_cDB: AFI206 [Dicty_cDB

    Full Text Available EST320223 tomato radicle, 5 d post-imbibition, Cornell University Lycopersicon esculentum cDNA clone cLEZ19K... AI782264 |AI782264.1 EST263143 tomato susceptible, Cornell Lycopersicon esculentum cDNA clone cLES18L5, mRN

  10. 19 CFR 10.206 - Value content requirement.

    2010-04-01

    ... of commerce by virtue of having merely undergone simple (as opposed to complex or meaningful) combining or packaging operations, or mere dilution with water or mere dilution with another substance that..., development, design, engineering, and blueprint costs insofar as they are allocable to the...

  11. Study on laser atomic spectroscopy

    Laser atomic spectroscopic study on actinium element has been performed in many areas of spectroscopy. The study on characteristic of atomic vapor has been proceeded for copper atom and the spatial density distribution of copper vapor is measured. This experimental data has been compared with the theoretically calculated data. In spectroscopic experiment, the first and second excited states for actinium element are identified and the most efficient ionization scheme for actinium element is identified. In addition, the corrosion problem for filament material due to the heating of the actinium element has been studied. (Author)

  12. Removal of actinium from europium for the determination of specific radioactivity of ultra low-level Eu-152 in a sample exposed to atomic-bomb neutrons in Nagasaki

    Measurements of specific radioactivities of residual neutron-induced radionuclides such as 152Eu and 60Co have been carried out to check the validity of a series of computer calculations employed for the atomic-bomb neutron dosimetry in Hiroshima (exposed to uranium bomb) and Nagasaki (exposed to plutonium bomb). The use of these nuclides for atomic-bomb neutron dosimetry, however, has been limited by the following difficulties: (1) today, these radionuclides are found only at extremely low concentrations in materials exposed to the atomic-bomb and (2) the neutrons that induced these radionuclides were thermal and epithermal, while the neutron dose received in Hiroshima and Nagasaki is attributable to fast neutrons. In order to overcome the first difficulty, we established a chemical procedure to extract Eu and Co from materials exposed to the atomic-bomb, and the chemical procedure has been successful for the materials exposed to atomic-bomb within 1400 m in slant distance from the explosion point. As for Nagasaki, materials exposed in the distances farther than 1200 m have never been subjected to the measurement of residual neutron-induced radionuclides. In this work, determination of specific radioactivity of 152Eu (half-life: 13.542 y) in a sample exposed to Nagasaki atomic-bomb at a distant place from the explosion point was undertaken. But, because of radioactive decay during this ∝60 years since 1945 and long distance from the explosion point, the present specific radioactivity of 152Eu in the sample is extremely low (estimated to be ∝3 x 10-4 Bq-152Eu/mg-Eu), and a serious problem is interferences from daughters of 227Ac (half-life: 21.8 y) in the measurement of ultra low-level radioactivity of 152Eu. Hence, our chemical procedure to obtain Eu-enriched counting source should be improved, and much attention is being denoted to removal of Ac from Eu. (orig.)

  13. 20 CFR 429.206 - What if my claim involves a commercial carrier or an insurer?

    2010-04-01

    ... efforts to protect and prosecute rights available against a carrier or insurer and to collect the amount recoverable from the carrier or insurer may result in reducing the amount recoverable from the Government by the maximum amount that would have been recoverable from the carrier or insurer had the claim...

  14. 32 CFR 206.1 - Major characteristics of the NSEP institutional grants program.

    2010-07-01

    ... build a critical base of future leaders in the marketplace and in government service who have cultivated... be based on a rigorous evaluation and assessment process. Between 15 and 25 awards are expected to be... horizontal (among similar institutions across functional areas) integration are encouraged. Outreach...

  15. 42 CFR 57.206 - Eligibility and selection of health professions student loan applicants.

    2010-10-01

    ... Micronesia; (ii) Enrolled, or accepted for enrollment in the school as full-time students; (iii) In need of the amount of the loan to pursue a full-time course of study at the school; (iv) Of exceptional... demonstrate exceptional financial need if the school determines that his or her resources, as described...

  16. PS2-06: Feasibility of Determining Medication Adherence from Electronic Health Record Medication Orders

    Carroll, Nikki; Luckett, Capp; Ellis, Jennifer; Raebel, Marsha

    2010-01-01

    Background and Aims: Medication adherence is essential to optimizing outcomes for many chronic diseases. Typically, calculation of adherence is based on dispensings identified from pharmacy claims databases. However, this procedure excludes prescription orders that are never dispensed and potentially results in biased adherence estimates. To explore extracting newly-ordered medications from the Electronic Health Record (EHR), we conducted a project to:

  17. 17 CFR 275.206(3)-2 - Agency cross transactions for advisory clients.

    2010-04-01

    ... advisory client, provided that such written consent is obtained after full written disclosure that with... (iv) the source and amount of any other remuneration received or to be received by the investment... may state whether any other remuneration has been or will be received and that the source and...

  18. 7 CFR 205.206 - Crop pest, weed, and disease management practice standard.

    2010-01-01

    ...) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...) Augmentation or introduction of predators or parasites of the pest species; (2) Development of habitat...

  19. 31 CFR 500.206 - Exemption of information and informational materials.

    2010-07-01

    ... Regulations, 15 CFR parts 768-799, or to the exportation of goods for use in the transmission of any data. The... market, produce or co-produce, create or assist in the creation of information or informational materials... musical composition and to sub-license rights of public performance, adaptation, and arrangement of...

  20. 28 CFR 16.206 - Transcripts, minutes, and miscellaneous documents concerning Commission meetings.

    2010-07-01

    ... available for public inspection a record of the final vote of each member on rules, statements of policy... transcript or electronic recording adequate to record fully the proceedings of each meeting, or portion of a..., including a description of each of the views expressed on any item and the record of any rollcall...

  1. 7 CFR 760.206 - Notice of loss and application process.

    2010-01-01

    ... Application; (3) A report of acreage; (4) A copy of the participant's grower contract, if the participant is a contract grower; and (5) Other supporting documents required for FSA to determine eligibility of the... livestock contract grower, as applicable, certifies in writing: (A) That there is no other verifiable...

  2. 24 CFR 960.206 - Waiting list: Local preferences in admission to public housing program.

    2010-04-01

    ... otherwise denying admission to the program based on the race, color, ethnic origin, gender, religion... a preference for persons with a specific disability. (4) Preference for victims of domestic violence... victims of domestic violence. (5) Preference for single persons who are elderly, displaced, homeless or...

  3. 30 CFR 206.354 - How do I determine generating deductions?

    2010-07-01

    ..., multiply the allowable capital investment in the power plant by the rate of return determined pursuant to...) Depreciation under paragraphs (g) and (h) of this section and a return on undepreciated capital investment under paragraphs (g) and (i) of this section; or (iv) A return on capital investment in the power...

  4. 30 CFR 206.359 - How do I determine byproduct transportation allowances?

    2010-07-01

    ... allowable capital investment in the transportation system multiplied by the rate of return determined... section and a return on undepreciated capital investment under paragraphs (g) and (i) of this section; or (4) A return on capital investment in the transportation system under paragraphs (g) and (j) of...

  5. 42 CFR 3.206 - Confidentiality of patient safety work product.

    2010-10-01

    ...); (11) Internet Protocol (IP) address numbers; (12) Biometric identifiers, including finger and voice... at 45 CFR 164.514(e)(2) have been removed. (5) Disclosure of nonidentifiable patient safety work... pursuant to paragraph (b)(6)(i) of this section is by a HIPAA covered entity as defined at 45 CFR...

  6. 24 CFR 206.101 - Sale, assignment and pledge of insured mortgages.

    2010-04-01

    ... COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT MORTGAGE AND LOAN INSURANCE PROGRAMS UNDER NATIONAL HOUSING ACT AND OTHER AUTHORITIES HOME EQUITY CONVERSION MORTGAGE INSURANCE Contract Rights...

  7. CROS, Edmond, La sociocritique, Paris, L’Harmattan, 2003, 206 p.

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Née dans les années soixante du croisement de la psychanalyse et du matérialisme dialectique, la sociocritique s’est donné pour objectif un renouvellement de l’approche sociologique de la littérature qui intègre les avancées du structuralisme, de la sémiologie et de la linguistique. Edmond Cros, co-fondateur de la discipline en France avec Claude Duchet, propose un ouvrage de synthèse sur la question. Ce livre est le produit d’une pratique de plus de trente années, tant comme chercheur dans l...

  8. 30 CFR 206.456 - Valuation standards for ad valorem leases.

    2010-07-01

    ... shall also be liable for interest computed pursuant to 30 CFR 218.202. If the lessee is entitled to a... regulation of the Department of the Interior, 43 CFR part 2. Nothing in this section is intended to limit or... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Valuation standards for ad valorem leases....

  9. 30 CFR 206.257 - Valuation standards for ad valorem leases.

    2010-07-01

    ... CFR 218.202. If the lessee is entitled to a credit, MMS will provide instructions for the taking of... Information Act regulation of the Department of the Interior, 43 CFR part 2. ... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Valuation standards for ad valorem leases....

  10. 30 CFR 206.256 - Valuation standards for cents-per-ton leases.

    2010-07-01

    ... to 43 CFR part 3400 and the royalty valuation method changes from a cents-per-ton basis to an ad..., including coal which is avoidably lost as determine by BLM pursuant to 43 CFR part 3400. (c) For leases... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Valuation standards for cents-per-ton...

  11. 30 CFR 206.455 - Valuation standards for cents-per-ton leases.

    2010-07-01

    ... is avoidably lost as determined by BLM pursuant to 43 CFR part 3400. (c) For leases subject to this... other processing or preparation of the coal. (d) When a coal lease is readjusted pursuant to 43 CFR part... 30 Mineral Resources 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Valuation standards for cents-per-ton...

  12. Navy's land and water use assessment : Section 206©- Public Law 101-618

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This note is about an Environmental Assessment in which the Naval Air Station in Fallon, NV proposes an agricultural leasing program for Navy lands to reduce soil...

  13. 46 CFR 197.206 - Substitutes for required equipment, materials, apparatus, arrangements, procedures, or tests.

    2010-10-01

    ... particular equipment, material, apparatus, arrangement, procedure, or test is unreasonable or impracticable, the Commandant may permit the use of alternate equipment, material, apparatus, arrangement, procedure, or test to such an extent and upon such condition as will insure, to his satisfaction, a degree...

  14. 24 CFR 206.306 - Removal from the HECM Counselor Roster.

    2010-04-01

    ... applicant may request; (8) Failure to maintain any registration, license, or certification requirements of a... to be so serious as to justify an administrative sanction. (c) Automatic removal from HECM Counselor... maintain a State or local registration, license, or certification and whose registration or...

  15. 5 CFR 339.206 - Disqualification on the basis of medical history.

    2010-01-01

    ... Disqualification on the basis of medical history. A candidate may not be disqualified for any position solely on the basis of medical history. For positions with medical standards or physical requirements, or positions subject to medical evaluation programs, a history of a particular medical problem may result...

  16. 46 CFR 117.206 - Survival craft-vessels operating on Great Lakes routes.

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Survival craft-vessels operating on Great Lakes routes...—vessels operating on Great Lakes routes. (a) Except as allowed by paragraph (b) of this section, each vessel certificated to operate on a Great Lakes route must be provided with the survival craft...

  17. 34 CFR 206.5 - What definitions apply to these programs?

    2010-07-01

    ... student who is carrying a full-time academic workload, as defined in 34 CFR part 690 (regulations for the... 201.3 (Chapter 1—Migrant Education Program) and 20 CFR 633.104 (Employment and Training Administration... following terms used in this part are defined in 34 CFR 77.1(c) (EDGAR, Definitions): Applicant...

  18. 30 CFR 206.364 - How do I request a value or gross proceeds determination?

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 CFR part 290 subpart B. (2) If you receive an order requiring you to pay royalty on the same basis as the determination, you may appeal that order under 30 CFR part 290 subpart B. (e) In making a... this section, unless: (1) There was a misstatement or omission of material facts; or (2) The...

  19. 42 CFR 495.206 - Timeframe for payment to qualifying MA organizations.

    2010-10-01

    ... organizations for qualifying MA-affiliated eligible hospitals under common corporate governance are made under... common corporate governance under the Medicare FFS EHR incentive program, payment is made under the...

  20. 78 FR 69928 - 35th Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 206, Aeronautical Information and Meteorological Data Link...

    2013-11-21

    ... (EDR) Turbulence Project Plenary--SG3 Architecture Document FRAC Resolution 11 December Plenary--SG3 Architecture Document FRAC Resolution Sub-Group Meetings 12 December Plenary--SG3 Architecture Document FRAC... meeting plans and dates Industry Coordination & Presentations Other business Adjourn Attendance is open...

  1. 77 FR 58210 - 31st Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 206, Aeronautical Information and Meteorological Data Link...

    2012-09-19

    ... review Sub-Group (SG1--Wake OSED, SG3--Architecture, SG4--DO-252 revision, SG5/6--MOPS/MAPS) status and week's plan Industry Presentations: VDB Data Link System Architecture(s) AAtS Implementation Guidance... dates Other business 1 p.m. Adjourn (no lunch break) Welcome and Administrative Remarks Attendance...

  2. People and things. CERN Courier, September 1980, v. 20(6)

    The article reports on achievements of various people, staff changes and position opportunities within the CERN organization and contains news updates on upcoming or past events: ; At the 66th Session of the CERN Council on 27 June the project to construct a large electron-positron storage ring, known as LEP, as Europe's next major facility for high energy physics research was formally presented for the first time; A meeting, organized jointly by DESY and the Max-Planck Institute in Munich, will be held in Munich on 24-25 October for those interested in the construction and later use of the proposed HERA electron-proton colliding ring; On 19 June papers were signed at Fermilab extending the collaboration in high energy physics between the USA and China which first took formal form early in 1979; At the end of May, a second International Symposium on the History of Particle Physics was held at Fermilab; The Government of the Canadian province of Alberta has given interim funding for the conceptual design of an accelerator complex which will consist primarily of a heavy ion synchrotron giving ions up to A = 40 and 600 MeV/amu. The project has the acronym 'MARIA' — Medical Accelerator Research Institute, Alberta; On 16, 17 June a Cryogenic Workshop was held at Fermilab to focus on helium refrigeration systems for superconducting high energy accelerators. ; A few years ago, when the 5 GeV electron synchrotron NINA at the Daresbury Laboratory was in its final years of operation, the magnets of NINA seemed to be built into every new accelerator proposal then emerging in Europe. Now, with the machine closed down, the magnets remain available and Daresbury would like to see them in action again if anyone could make good use of them

  3. SU-E-J-206: Adaptive Radiotherapy for Gynecological Malignancies with MRIGuided Cobolt-60 Radiotherapy

    Lamb, J; Kamrava, M; Agazaryan, N; Cao, M; Low, D; Thomas, D; Yang, Y [UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA (United States)

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: Even in the IMRT era, bowel toxicity and bone marrow irradiation remain concerns with pelvic irradiation. We examine the potential gain from an adaptive radiotherapy workflow for post-operative gynecological patients treated to pelvic targets including lymph nodes using MRI-guided Co-60 radiation therapy. Methods: An adaptive workflow was developed with the intent of minimizing time overhead of adaptive planning. A pilot study was performed using retrospectively analyzed images from one patient’s treatment. The patient’s treated plan was created using conventional PTV margins. Adaptive treatment was simulated on the patient’s first three fractions. The daily PTV was created by removing non-target tissue, including bone, muscle and bowel, from the initial PTV based on the daily MRI. The number of beams, beam angles, and optimization parameters were kept constant, and the plan was re-optimized. Normal tissue contours were not adjusted for the re-optimization, but were adjusted for evaluation of plan quality. Plan quality was evaluated based on PTV coverage and normal tissue DVH points per treatment protocol. Bowel was contoured as the entire bowel bag per protocol at our institution. Pelvic bone marrow was contoured per RTOG protocol 1203. Results: For the clinically treated plan, the volume of bowel receiving 45 Gy was 380 cc, 53% of the rectum received 30 Gy, 35% of the bladder received 45 Gy, and 28% of the pelvic bone marrow received 40 Gy. For the adaptive plans, the volume of bowel receiving 45 Gy was 175–201 cc, 55–62% of the rectum received 30 Gy, 21– 27% of the bladder received 45 Gy, and 13–17% of the pelvic bone marrow received 40 Gy. Conclusion: Adaptive planning led to a large reduction of bowel and bone marrow dose in this pilot study. Further study of on-line adaptive techniques for the radiotherapy of pelvic lymph nodes is warranted. Dr. Low is a member of the scientific advisory board of ViewRay, Inc.

  4. 44 CFR 206.45 - Loans of non-Federal share.

    2010-10-01

    ... to assume their financial responsibility under such cost sharing provisions: (i) As a result of... Assistant Administrator for the Disaster Assistance Directorate together with the Chief Financial Officer... other eligible disaster assistance applicant is responsible under the cost-sharing provisions of...

  5. 5 CFR 531.206 - Order of processing simultaneous pay actions.

    2010-01-01

    ... or adjustment of a special rate schedule under 5 CFR part 530, subpart C, or similar legal authority (e.g., 38 U.S.C. 7455); and an adjustment of a retained rate under 5 CFR 359.705(d)(1) and 536.305(a... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Order of processing simultaneous...

  6. 30 CFR 206.101 - What definitions apply to this subpart?

    2010-07-01

    ...) Payments for services such as dehydration, marketing, measurement, or gathering which the lessee must... venture, or other agreement issued or approved by the United States under a mineral leasing law...

  7. 30 CFR 206.171 - What definitions apply to this subpart?

    2010-07-01

    ... record title (see BLM regulations at 43 CFR 3100.0-5(d)). Person means any individual, firm, corporation... measurement point without resorting to processing. Drip condensate includes condensate recovered as a result... of interest ownership in the lease or the acreage. Facility measurement point (or point of...

  8. 30 CFR 206.51 - What definitions apply to this subpart?

    2010-07-01

    ... Bureau of Land Management regulations at 43 CFR 3100.0-5(d)). Person means any individual, firm... dehydration, marketing, measurement, or gathering that the lessee must perform at no cost to the lessor in..., or other agreement issued or approved by the United States under an Indian mineral leasing law...

  9. 45 CFR 206.10 - Application, determination of eligibility and furnishing of assistance.

    2010-10-01

    ... opportunity to request that payment without delay. (vii) For AFDC only, in order for the family to be eligible..., AFDC, AB, AABD (for aged and blind); and (ii) 60 days for APTD, AABD (for disabled). Under this... payment, or (2) Thirty days in OAA, AFDC, AB, and AABD (as to the aged and blind), and 60 days in APTD...

  10. Generator method of 225Ac production without a carrier for nuclear medicine

    The two-steps isotope generator scheme of 225Ac production from 229Th has been developed. The first step is used for separation of thorium, actinium, radium and daughter decay products (DDP), and removals of parent radionuclide. The second step provides additional separation of actinium from traces of radium and DDP, and conversion of actinium in the nitrate form. The chosen solutions provide optimal conditions for carry out of process. The yield of the 225Ac was 99.9% at minimal losses of parent 229Th (less than 0.1%)

  11. Cross Sections for High-Energy Gamma Transitions from MeV Neutron Capture in 206Pb

    Gamma-ray spectra from neutron capture in Pb (radiogenic lead) in the energy range 1.5 to 8.5 MeV were recorded using time-of-flight techniques. The spectrometer was a Nal (Tl) crystal, 20.8 cm long and 22.6 cm in diameter. The spectra are dominated by gamma transitions to levels with large single-particle strength, in agreement with predictions of semi-direct capture theories. The theories predict enhancements of the direct capture cross section by a factor of 10 - 15 in the region of the giant dipole resonance. The observed enhancement is about 50

  12. Feather lead concentrations and207Pb/206Pb ratios reveal lead exposure history of California condors (Gymnogyps californianus)

    Finkelstein, M.E.; George, D.; Scherbinski, S.; Gwiazda, R.; Johnson, M.; Burnett, J.; Brandt, J.; Lawrey, S.; Pessier, Allan P.; Clark, M.; Wynne, J.; Grantham, And J.; Smith, D.R.

    2010-01-01

    Lead poisoning is a primary factor impeding the survival and recovery of the critically endangered California Condor (Gymnogyps californianus). However, the frequency and magnitude of lead exposure in condors is not well-known in part because most blood lead monitoring occurs biannually, and biannual blood samples capture only ???10% of a bird's annual exposure history. We investigated the use of growing feathers from free-flying condors in California to establish a bird's lead exposure history. We show that lead concentration and stable lead isotopic composition analyses of sequential feather sections and concurrently collected blood samples provided a comprehensive history of lead exposure over the 2-4 month period of feather growth. Feather analyses identified exposure events not evident from blood monitoring efforts, and by fitting an empirically derived timeline to actively growing feathers, we were able to estimate the time frame for specific lead exposure events. Our results demonstrate the utility of using sequentially sampled feathers to reconstruct lead exposure history. Since exposure risk in individuals is one determinant ?? 2010 American Chemical Society.

  13. Return on Endowment Funds Dropped an Average of 2.2 Pct. for 206 Colleges Last Year.

    Evangelauf, Jean

    1985-01-01

    The trends in institutional investment of endowment funds for the year ending June 30, 1984, are analyzed, including average returns, extremes, total endowment values, and the distribution of investments. The data are from an annual national comparative performance survey. (MSE)

  14. Martyrdom in Islam. Cambridge/New York/Melbourne, Cambridge University Press, 2007, 206 p. (Themes in Islamic History, 4)

    Feuillebois-Piérunek, Ève

    2013-01-01

    Le martyre en islam a été récemment associé aux attentats suicides. D. C. montre que ce type d’attitude est radicalement éloigné de la définition classique du martyre qui condamne le suicide et attribue le statut de martyr à toute personne morte en musulmane. La définition du martyre en Islam a évolué dans l’histoire en fonction des circonstances. Le livre s’intéresse aux premières discussions sur le martyre, aux définitions légales et aux récompenses accordées aux martyrs, aux différences de...

  15. The novel biomarker of alternative macrophage activation, soluble mannose receptor (sMR/sCD206): Implications in multiple myeloma

    Andersen, Morten N; Andersen, Niels F; Rødgaard-Hansen, Sidsel;

    2015-01-01

    Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) play an important role in the pathophysiology of human malignancies. They support growth of cancer cells by promoting angiogenesis, and by inhibiting tumour cell apoptosis and anti-tumor immune reactions. Several membrane proteins are well-described markers......, sMR levels were elevated in 27% of patients, and decreased after treatment. Further, sMR levels were associated with prognostic markers in MM, and elevated sMR (>0.43mg/L) was an independent marker of overall survival in a multivariate analysis (HR=2.20, P=0.006). Levels of sMR in blood samples...

  16. Pro-Inflammatory CD11c+CD206+ Adipose Tissue Macrophages Are Associated With Insulin Resistance in Human Obesity

    Wentworth, John M.; Naselli, Gaetano; Brown, Wendy A.; Doyle, Lisa; Phipson, Belinda; Smyth, Gordon K.; Wabitsch, Martin; O'Brien, Paul E.; Harrison, Leonard C.

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE Insulin resistance and other features of the metabolic syndrome have been causally linked to adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs) in mice with diet-induced obesity. We aimed to characterize macrophage phenotype and function in human subcutaneous and omental adipose tissue in relation to insulin resistance in obesity. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Adipose tissue was obtained from lean and obese women undergoing bariatric surgery. Metabolic markers were measured in fasting serum and ATMs c...

  17. 7 CFR 718.206 - Determining farms, tracts, allotments, quotas, and bases when reconstitution is made by division.

    2010-01-01

    ... with the county committee before any CCC or FSA prescribed form, letter or contract providing an... available land, cultural operations, and changes in type of farming. (e) The cropland method is the pro-rata... operations, and changes in the type of farming conducted on the farm. Any increase in an allotment, quota,...

  18. 7 CFR 1710.206 - Approval requirements for load forecasts prepared pursuant to approved load forecast work plans.

    2010-01-01

    ... management programs, supply resource planning, load flow studies, wholesale power marketing, retail marketing... supplier or member system forecasting and planning activities. (2) Resources used to develop the...

  19. 10 CFR 1015.206 - Contracting with private collection contractors and with entities that locate and recover...

    2010-01-01

    ... with 31 U.S.C. 3718(d), the DCIA, the revised Federal Claims Collection Standards (31 CFR parts 900-904... DCIA, DOE is required to transfer all debts over 180 days delinquent to Treasury for purposes of...

  20. SU-E-T-206: Improving Radiotherapy Toxicity Based On Artificial Neural Network (ANN) for Head and Neck Cancer Patients

    Purpose/Objective(s): The aim of this study is to build the estimator of toxicity using artificial neural network (ANN) for head and neck cancer patients Materials/Methods: An ANN can combine variables into a predictive model during training and considered all possible correlations of variables. We constructed an ANN based on the data from 73 patients with advanced H and N cancer treated with external beam radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy at our institution. For the toxicity estimator we defined input data including age, sex, site, stage, pathology, status of chemo, technique of external beam radiation therapy (EBRT), length of treatment, dose of EBRT, status of post operation, length of follow-up, the status of local recurrences and distant metastasis. These data were digitized based on the significance and fed to the ANN as input nodes. We used 20 hidden nodes (for the 13 input nodes) to take care of the correlations of input nodes. For training ANN, we divided data into three subsets such as training set, validation set and test set. Finally, we built the estimator for the toxicity from ANN output. Results: We used 13 input variables including the status of local recurrences and distant metastasis and 20 hidden nodes for correlations. 59 patients for training set, 7 patients for validation set and 7 patients for test set and fed the inputs to Matlab neural network fitting tool. We trained the data within 15% of errors of outcome. In the end we have the toxicity estimation with 74% of accuracy. Conclusion: We proved in principle that ANN can be a very useful tool for predicting the RT outcomes for high risk H and N patients. Currently we are improving the results using cross validation

  1. 44 CFR 206.101 - Temporary housing assistance for emergencies and major disasters declared on or before October 14...

    2010-10-01

    ... local codes and ordinances as well as FEMA'S regulations at 44 CFR part 9, Floodplain Management and Protection of Wetlands, and the regulations at 44 CFR part 10, Environmental Considerations. (i) A commercial... floodplain management regulations at 44 CFR part 9. An eligible applicant shall receive one form of...

  2. 44 CFR 206.48 - Factors considered when evaluating a Governor's request for a major disaster declaration.

    2010-10-01

    ....) Average Population (1990 census data) 1,000,057 4,713,548 15,522,791 Number of Disaster Housing... million 4.6 million Disaster Housing/IFG Combined Assistance 3.9 million 7.5 million 14.1 million Note: The high 3 and low 3 disasters, based on Disaster Housing Applications, are not considered in...

  3. 44 CFR 206.209 - Arbitration for Public Assistance determinations related to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita (Major...

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Arbitration for Public Assistance determinations related to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita (Major disaster declarations DR-1603, DR... determinations related to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita (Major disaster declarations DR-1603, DR-1604, DR-1605,...

  4. 75 FR 71183 - 23rd Meeting: RTCA Special Committee 206: EUROCAE WG 76 Plenary: AIS and MET Data Link Services

    2010-11-22

    ... revision to the Minimum Interoperability Standards (MIS) for ] Automated Meteorological Transmission... receipt, a Concept of Use for AIS and MET Data Link Services and an AIS and MET Services Delivery Architecture Recommendations are included in the TOR deliverables. The Concept of Use for AIS and MET Data...

  5. Dosimetric investigations of cosmic radiation aboard the Kosmos-936 AES (joint Soviet-American experiment K-206)

    Benton, E. V.; Kovalyev, Y. Y.; Dudkin, V. Y.

    1980-01-01

    The Soviet and American parts of the experiment are described separately. Particular attention was given to the following problems: placement of the detectors; study of neutron radiation within the biosatellite; and studies of fragmentation of heavy nuclei on accelerators. Unified methods were developed for the calibration of Soviet and American detectors.

  6. SU-E-T-206: Improving Radiotherapy Toxicity Based On Artificial Neural Network (ANN) for Head and Neck Cancer Patients

    Cho, Daniel D; Wernicke, A Gabriella; Nori, Dattatreyudu; Chao, KSC; Parashar, Bhupesh; Chang, Jenghwa [Weill Cornell Medical College, NY, NY (United States)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose/Objective(s): The aim of this study is to build the estimator of toxicity using artificial neural network (ANN) for head and neck cancer patients Materials/Methods: An ANN can combine variables into a predictive model during training and considered all possible correlations of variables. We constructed an ANN based on the data from 73 patients with advanced H and N cancer treated with external beam radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy at our institution. For the toxicity estimator we defined input data including age, sex, site, stage, pathology, status of chemo, technique of external beam radiation therapy (EBRT), length of treatment, dose of EBRT, status of post operation, length of follow-up, the status of local recurrences and distant metastasis. These data were digitized based on the significance and fed to the ANN as input nodes. We used 20 hidden nodes (for the 13 input nodes) to take care of the correlations of input nodes. For training ANN, we divided data into three subsets such as training set, validation set and test set. Finally, we built the estimator for the toxicity from ANN output. Results: We used 13 input variables including the status of local recurrences and distant metastasis and 20 hidden nodes for correlations. 59 patients for training set, 7 patients for validation set and 7 patients for test set and fed the inputs to Matlab neural network fitting tool. We trained the data within 15% of errors of outcome. In the end we have the toxicity estimation with 74% of accuracy. Conclusion: We proved in principle that ANN can be a very useful tool for predicting the RT outcomes for high risk H and N patients. Currently we are improving the results using cross validation.

  7. Index to Nuclear Safety: a technical progress review by chrology, permuted title, and author, Volume 11(1) through Volume 20(6)

    This index to Nuclear Safety, a bimonthly technical progress review, covers articles published in Nuclear Safety, Volume II, No. 1 (January-February 1970), through Volume 20, No. 6 (November-December 1979). It is divided into three sections: a chronological list of articles (including abstracts) followed by a permuted-title (KWIC) index and an author index. Nuclear Safety, a bimonthly technical progress review prepared by the Nuclear Safety Information Center (NSIC), covers all safety aspects of nuclear power reactors and associated facilities. Over 600 technical articles published in Nuclear Safety in the last ten years are listed in this index

  8. Vello Paatsi. Eesti talurahva loodusteadusliku maailmapildi kujunemine rahvakooli kaudu (1803-1918). Tallinn : TPÜ Kirjastus, 2003. 206 lk. : arvustus / Jaan-Mati Punning

    Punning, Jaan-Mati

    2003-01-01

    14. märtsil 2003. aastal kaitses geograaf, loodusteadusliku koolihariduse ajaloo uurija Vello Paatsi Tallinna Pedagoogikaülikoolis edukalt väitekirja "Eesti talurahva loodusteadusliku maailmapildi kujunemine rahvakooli kaudu (1803-1918)" ja talle anti filosoofiadoktori kraad kasvatusteaduste erialal

  9. Chromosome studies of european cyprinid fishes: Cross-species painting reveals natural allotetraploid origin of a carassius female with 206 chromosomes

    Knytl, M.; Kalous, L.; Symonová, Radka; Rylková, K.; Ráb, Petr

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 139, č. 4 (2013), s. 276-283. ISSN 1424-8581 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GPP506/11/P596 Institutional support: RVO:67985904 Keywords : fish cytogenetics * genome addition * GISH Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology Impact factor: 1.905, year: 2013

  10. SU-E-J-206: A Comparison of Different Hardware Design Approaches for Feature-Supported Optical Head-Tracking with Respect to Angular Dependencies

    Stueber, P; Wissel, T; Wagner, B [Institute for Robotics and Cognitive Systems, University of Luebeck, Luebeck (Germany); Graduate School for Computing in Life Science, University of Luebeck, Luebeck (Germany); Bruder, R; Schweikard, A; Ernst, F [Institute for Robotics and Cognitive Systems, University of Luebeck, Luebeck (Germany)

    2014-06-01

    Purpose: Recent research has shown that optical features significantly improve marker-less optical head-tracking for cranial radiotherapy. Simulations, however, showed that these optical features, which are used to derive tissue thickness, depend on the incident angle of the IR scanning laser beam and the perspective of the camera analyzing the reflective patterns. We present an experimental analysis determining which is the most robust optical setup concerning angular influences. Methods: In three consecutive experiments, the incident angle of the laser (1), the perspective of the camera (2) or both simultaneously (3, ‘inBeam’-perspective) were changed with respect to the target. We analyzed how this affects feature intensity. These intensities were determined from seven concentric regions of interest (ROIs) around the laser spot. Two targets were used: a tissue-like silicone phantom and a human's forehead. Results: For each experiment, the feature intensity generally decreases with increasing angle. We found that the optical properties of the silicone phantom do not fit the properties of human skin. Furthermore, the angular influence of the laser on the features is significantly higher than the perspective of the camera. With the ‘inBeam’- perspective, the smoothest decays of feature intensity were found. We suppose that this is because of a fixed relationship between both devices. This smoothness, suggesting a predictable functional relationship, may simplify angle compensation for machine learning algorithms. This is particularly prominent for the medial ROIs. The inner ROIs highly depend on the angle and power of the laser. The outer ROIs show less angular dependency but the signal strength is critically low and prone to artifacts. Therefore and because of the smooth decays, medial ROIs are a suitable tradeoff between susceptibility, signal-noise-ratio and distance to the center of the laser spot. Conclusion: For tissue thickness correlated feature acquisition, the medial ROIs with the ‘inBeam’-setup provide most valuable features This work was supported by Varian Medical Systems Inc. (Palo Alto, CA, USA). In addition, this work was supported by the Graduate School for Computing in Medicine and Life Sciences funded by Germany's Excellence Initiative [DFG GSC 235/1].

  11. 5 CFR 2641.206 - One-year restriction on any former senior or very senior employee's representations on behalf of...

    2010-01-01

    ... the United States, or aid or advise such a foreign entity, with the intent to influence a decision of... President, the Vice President, and Members of Congress, and the term “department” includes the legislative... influence. (f) Decision of employee of an agency. (g) Foreign entity....

  12. 206/207Pb and Radiocarbon: An Unlikely Pair for Identifying the Source and Delivery Time of Ocean Advection in the South China Sea

    Switzer, A.; Goodkin, N.; Bolton, A.; Chen, M.; Druffel, E. R. M.; Boyle, E. A.

    2015-12-01

    Two independent studies were undertaken to use anthropogenic emissions to investigate natural systems using a massive Porites coral taken from off the coast of Vietnam (12ο12'49.90"N, 109 ο18'17.51"E). Annual uptake of bomb radiocarbon (14CO2) was measured to investigate the impact of coastal upwelling; while Pb/Ca levels and Pb isotopes were measured to investigate oceanic infiltration of anthropogenic Pb. Both records reveal a signal of sub-surface seawater advection from the tropical North Pacific to the South China Sea (SCS) providing independent evidence for the source and delivery time of the upwelled water off the coast of Vietnam. The radiocarbon record, extending from 1900-1986 at ~annual resolution, shows a post-bomb peak lower and broader than those found from other corals in the SCS and Japan, but higher than those found in the Makassar Strait in Indonesia. The Makassar coral experiences three water masses: the South Equatorial Current (SEC), upwelled and SCS water. The SEC has a relatively low radiocarbon content. However, water in the SCS does not mix with SEC water that enters the Indonesia Seas via the Halmahera as the main throughflow is from north to south. Hence, the upwelling signature must be from the North Equatorial Current that enters from the Luzon strait at depth. Leaded gasoline was phased-out between 1997 and 2000 in most Asian countries, however unlike other regional records, the Pb/Ca of the coral continued to increase until 2004 indicating a non-atmospheric source of Pb to the region. Both records indicate the source of upwelled water from the tropical North Pacific at roughly ~100-200 meters with a transport time of >2-5 years. This water is carried westward, via the Luzon Strait and into the South China Sea, where is it upwelled during the summer months. A higher resolution study of this coral combined with other coral records from the region could further narrow the location and timing of the advection and upwelling.

  13. [A study using the computer-controlled perimeter Perimat 206 on the effect of Circo-Maren on visual field defects].

    Schubert, E; Weber, S

    1988-11-01

    In 1987 an open study was conducted in an ophthalmological practice to test Circo-Maren tablets. Examinations using a computerized perimeter revealed that therapy with Circo-Maren can lead to a reduction in visual field defects in patients with senile macular edema and retinal angiosclerosis. In cases with severe defects, favorable results were achieved which were statistically significant (duration of treatment: 4-12 weeks). Considerable fluctuations in the number and intensity of the defects were seen in the various intermediate examinations. PMID:3062251

  14. 40 CFR 600.206-93 - Calculation and use of fuel economy values for gasoline-fueled, diesel-fueled, electric, alcohol...

    2010-07-01

    ... Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year Automobiles-Procedures... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Calculation and use of fuel...

  15. 40 CFR 600.206-86 - Calculation and use of fuel economy values for gasoline-fueled, diesel, and electric vehicle...

    2010-07-01

    ... Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year... 40 Protection of Environment 29 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Calculation and use of fuel...

  16. SU-E-J-206: A Comparison of Different Hardware Design Approaches for Feature-Supported Optical Head-Tracking with Respect to Angular Dependencies

    Purpose: Recent research has shown that optical features significantly improve marker-less optical head-tracking for cranial radiotherapy. Simulations, however, showed that these optical features, which are used to derive tissue thickness, depend on the incident angle of the IR scanning laser beam and the perspective of the camera analyzing the reflective patterns. We present an experimental analysis determining which is the most robust optical setup concerning angular influences. Methods: In three consecutive experiments, the incident angle of the laser (1), the perspective of the camera (2) or both simultaneously (3, ‘inBeam’-perspective) were changed with respect to the target. We analyzed how this affects feature intensity. These intensities were determined from seven concentric regions of interest (ROIs) around the laser spot. Two targets were used: a tissue-like silicone phantom and a human's forehead. Results: For each experiment, the feature intensity generally decreases with increasing angle. We found that the optical properties of the silicone phantom do not fit the properties of human skin. Furthermore, the angular influence of the laser on the features is significantly higher than the perspective of the camera. With the ‘inBeam’- perspective, the smoothest decays of feature intensity were found. We suppose that this is because of a fixed relationship between both devices. This smoothness, suggesting a predictable functional relationship, may simplify angle compensation for machine learning algorithms. This is particularly prominent for the medial ROIs. The inner ROIs highly depend on the angle and power of the laser. The outer ROIs show less angular dependency but the signal strength is critically low and prone to artifacts. Therefore and because of the smooth decays, medial ROIs are a suitable tradeoff between susceptibility, signal-noise-ratio and distance to the center of the laser spot. Conclusion: For tissue thickness correlated feature acquisition, the medial ROIs with the ‘inBeam’-setup provide most valuable features This work was supported by Varian Medical Systems Inc. (Palo Alto, CA, USA). In addition, this work was supported by the Graduate School for Computing in Medicine and Life Sciences funded by Germany's Excellence Initiative [DFG GSC 235/1

  17. Development of a gc×gc-tof/ms based method to study the fate of 206 dioxin-like micropollutants in meat during cooking

    Planche, Christelle; Ratel, Jérémy; Mercier, Frederic; Blinet, Patrick; Debrauwer, Laurent; Engel, Erwan

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the present paper was to develop a multiresidue method based on GC×GC-TOF/MS in order to investigate changes induced by cooking in the composition of a complex food matrix spiked with 226 dioxin-related micropollutants. In a first step, a GC×GC-TOF/MS method was developed to achieve a satisfactory separation of the 209 PCBs and the 17 toxic PCDD/Fs in hexane. The best GC×GC-TOF/MS conditions determined according to peak shape (width and symmetry) and resolution enabled to separate ...

  18. Integrated plant safety assessment: Systematic Evaluation Program, San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, Unit 1 (Docket No. 50-206): Final report

    The Systematic Evaluation Program was initiated in February 1977 by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission to review the designs of older operating nuclear reactor plants to reconfirm and document their safety. The review provides: (1) an assessment of how these plants compare with current licensing safety requirements relating to selected issues; (2) a basis for deciding on how these differences should be resolved in an integrated plant review; and (3) a documented evaluation of plant safety. This report documents the review of San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, Unit 1, operated by Southern California Edison Company. The San Onofre plant is one of ten plants reviewed under Phase II of this program. This report indicates how 137 topics selected for review under Phase I of the program were addressed. Equipment and procedural changes have been identified as a result of the review. This report will be one of the bases in considering the issuance of a full-term operating license in place of the existing provisional operating license. This report also addresses the comments and recommendations made by the Advisory Committee on Reactor Safeguards in connection with its review of the draft report issued in April 1985

  19. Coeliac disease: characterisation of monoclonal antibodies raised against a synthetic peptide corresponding to amino acid residues 206-217 of A-gliadin.

    Ellis, H. J.; Doyle, A. P.; Sturgess, R P; Ciclitira, P J

    1992-01-01

    A dodecapeptide of A-gliadin, which shares amino acid homologies with the E1b protein of adenovirus 12, was used to produce murine monoclonal antibodies. Five monoclonal antibodies were produced and were screened by enzyme linked immunosorbant assay, immunodot assay, and immunoblotting. The antibodies were tested against whole wheat gliadin and its alpha, beta, gamma, and omega subfractions, and the prolamins of rye, barley, oats, maize, millet, rice, and sorghum. Four of the five antibodies ...

  20. New production in the South China Sea

    CAI; Pinghe

    2002-01-01

    [1]Dugdale, R. C., Goering, J. J., Uptake of new and regenerated nitrogen in primary productivity, Limnology and Oceanog-raphy, 1967, 12: 196-206.[2]Eppley, R. W., Peterson, B. J., Particulate organic matter flux and planktonic new production in the deep ocean, Nature, 1979, 282: 677-680.[3]Allen, C. B., Kanda, J., Laws, E. A., New production and photosynthetic rates within and outside a cyclonic mesoscale eddy in the North Pacific Subtropical gyre, Deep-Sea Research Ⅱ, 1996, 43(6): 917-936.[4]Jenkins, W. J., Tritium-helium dating in the Sargasso Sea: A measurement of oxygen utilization rates, Nature, 1977, 196: 291-292.[5]Spitzer, W. S., Jenkins, W. J., Rates of vertical mixing, gas exchange and new production: Estimates from seasonal gas cy-cle in the upper ocean near Bermuda, Journal of Marine Research, 1989, 47: 169-196.[6]Sarmiento, J. L., Thiele, G., Key, R. M. et al., Oxygen and nitrate new production and remineralization in the North At-lantic Subtropical Gyre, Journal of Geophysical Research, 1990, 95: 18303-18315.[7]Ku, T. L., Luo, S., Kusakabe, M. et al., 228Ra-derived nutrient budgets in upper equatorial Pacific and the role of "new" silicate in limiting productivity, Deep-Sea Research II, 1995, 42(2/3): 479-497.[8]Wheeler, P. A., Rates of nitrate assimilation at the equator during the US-JGOFS spring time series: Estimates of new pro-duction, EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 1992, 73: 281.[9]Huang, Y., Xie, Y., Chen, M. et al., Distribution feature of 228Ra in surface seawater of the Nansha sea area, in Isotopes Marine Chemistry of Nansha Islands Waters (in Chinese), Beijing: Ocean Press, 1996, 70-78.[10]Reid, D. F., Key, R. M., Schink, D., Radium, thorium and actinium extraction from seawater using an improved manga-nese-oxide-coated fiber, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 1979, 43: 223-226.[11]Shi, W., Qiu, X., Huang, Y., Distribution of dissolved 226Ra in the Jiulongjiang-Xiamen bay

  1. I. The metabolic properties of plutonium and allied materials

    Hamilton, J.G.

    1948-05-24

    This report on the metabolic properties of plutonium and related radioactive materials presents experimental information in the following areas: radioautographic studies; tracer studies (with tables of accumulation in tissues) of actinium, radio-zirconium, technetium, radio-rubidium, radio-germanium, beryllium, and cadmium; decontamination and bone metabolism studies; and radio-chemical isolation.

  2. Sorption studies of radioelements on geological materials

    Batch sorption experiments have been carried out to study the sorption of uranium, technetium, curium, neptunium, actinium, protactinium, polonium, americium and plutonium onto bentonite, granodiorite and tuff. Mathematical modelling using the HARPHRQ program and the HATCHES database was carried out to predict the speciation of uranium and technetium in the equilibrated seawater, and neptunium, americium and plutonium in the rock equilibrated water. Review of the literature for thermodynamic data for curium, actinium, protactinium and polonium was carried out. Where sufficient data were available, predictions of the speciation and solubility were made. This report is a summary report of the experimental work conducted by AEA Technology during April 1991-March 1998, and the main results have been presented at Material Research Society Symposium Proceedings and published as proceedings of them. (author)

  3. Investigation for determining the retention properties of rock over the ASSE II mine for dissolved radionuclides

    For a model consideration of groundwater movement and the associated transport of dissolved substance in deep groundwater, the retention properties of the ASSE II mine for radionuclides dissolved in water were determined. A series of properties of rocks were examined and described for this purpose. Apart from the chemical, mineralogical and petrophysical characteristics of the rocks, the retention was determined by 3 different methods and stated in the form of distribution coefficients for specific elements. A comparison of the results of vibration and diffusion experiments gave good agreement, while the results in through column experiments only reached the same order of magnitude after an expensive determination with the aid of a place concentration distribution. The distribution coefficients for the elements carbon, selenium, strontium, technetium, iodine, caesium, lead, radium, actinium, proto-actinium, uranium, neptunium, plutonium, americium and curium are listed and collected for model rock packages. (orig./HP)

  4. Sorption studies of radioelements on geological materials

    Berry, J. A; 油井 三和; 北村 暁

    2007-01-01

    Batch sorption experiments have been carried out to study the sorption of uranium, technetium, curium, neptunium, actinium, protactinium, polonium, americium and plutonium onto bentonite, granodiorite and tuff. Mathematical modelling using the HARPHRQ program and the HATCHES database was carried out to predict the speciation of uranium and technetium in the equilibrated seawater, and neptunium, americium and plutonium in the rock equilibrated water. Review of the literature for thermodynamic ...

  5. Purification of cerium, neodymium and gadolinium for low background experiments

    Boiko R.S.; Barabash A.S.; Belli P.; Bernabei R.; Cappella F.; Cerulli R.; Danevich F.A.; Incicchitti A.; Laubenstein M.; Mokina V.M.; Nisi S.; Poda D.V.; Polischuk O.G.; Tretyak V.I.

    2014-01-01

    Cerium, neodymium and gadolinium contain double beta active isotopes. The most interesting are 150Nd and 160Gd (promising for 0ν2β search), 136Ce (2β+ candidate with one of the highest Q2β). The main problem of compounds containing lanthanide elements is their high radioactive contamination by uranium, radium, actinium and thorium. The new generation 2β experiments require development of methods for a deep purification of lanthanides from the radioactive elements. A combination of physical an...

  6. LASL experience in decontamination of the environment

    This discussion represents one part of a major effort in soil decontamination at the Los Alamos site. A contaminated industrial waste line in the Los Alamos townsite was removed, and a plutonium incineration facility, and a filter building contaminated with actinium-227 were dismantled. The former plutonium handling facility has been decontaminated, and canyons and an old firing site contaminated with strontium-90 have been surveyed

  7. Study of the origin of elements of the uranium-235 family observed in excess in the vicinity of the experimental nuclear EL4 reactor under dismantling. Lessons got at this day and conclusions; Etude de l'origine des elements de la famille de l'uranium-235 observes en exces dans les environs du reacteur nucleaire experimental EL4 en cours de demantelement. Enseignements retires a ce jour et conclusion

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    This study resumes the discovery of an excess of actinium 227 found around by EL4 nuclear reactor actually in dismantling. The search for the origin of this excess revealed a real inquiry of investigation during three years. Because a nuclear reactor existed in this area a particular attention will have concerned this region. The doubt became the line of conduct to find the answer to the human or natural origin of this excess. Finally and against any evidence, it appears that the origin of this phenomenon was natural, consequence of the particular local geology. The detail of the different investigations is given: search of a possible correlation with the composition of elevations constituent of lanes, search (and underlining) of new sites in the surroundings of the Rusquec pond and the Plouenez station, study of the atmospheric deposits under winds of the nuclear power plant and in the east direction, search of a possible relationship with the gaseous effluents of the nuclear power plant in the past, historical study of radioactive effluents releases in the fifty last years by the analysis of the sedimentary deposits in the Saint-Herbiot reservoir, search of a possible correlation between the excess of actinium 227 and the nuclear power plant activity; search of a possible correlation with a human activity without any relationship with the nuclear activities, search of a correlation with the underground waters, search of a correlation with the geological context, collect of information on the possible transfers in direction of the food chain, determination of the radiological composition of the underground waters ( not perturbed by human activity), search of the cause of an excess of actinium 227 in the old channel of liquid effluents release of the nuclear power plant. The results are given and discussed. And contrary to all expectations the origin of the excess of actinium 227 is completely natural. (N.C.)

  8. The discoveries of uranium 237 and symmetric fission — From the archival papers of Nishina and Kimura

    IKEDA, Nagao

    2011-01-01

    Shortly before the Second World War time, Nishina reported on a series of prominent nuclear physical and radiochemical studies in collaboration with Kimura. They artificially produced 231Th, a member of the natural actinium series of nuclides, by bombarding thorium with fast neutrons. This resulted in the discovery of 237U, a new isotope of uranium, by bombarding uranium with fast neutrons, and confirmed that 237U disintegrates into element 93 with a mass number of 237. They also identified t...

  9. History of the unraveling of the natural decay series

    Milestones in the subject of radioactivity, which were important to the unraveling of natural decay series, have been identified and described. The interplay between all these issues is very complex, and some aspects of the development of the uranium series is discussed as an example, the thorium and actinium series evolved in a similar way from research by many of the same people. All three series as understood in 1913 are compared with their present-day representation. (orig.)

  10. History of the unraveling of the natural decay series

    Milestones in the subject of radioactivity, which were important to the unraveling of natural decay series, have been identified and described. The interplay between all these issues is very complex, and some aspects of the development of the uranium series is discussed as an example, the thorium and actinium series evolved in a similar way from research by many of the same people. All three series as understood in 1913 are compared with their present-day representation. (author)

  11. System for recovery of daughter isotopes from a source material

    Tranter, Troy J [Idaho Falls, ID; Todd, Terry A [Aberdeen, ID; Lewis, Leroy C [Idaho Falls, ID; Henscheid, Joseph P [Idaho Falls, ID

    2009-08-04

    A method of separating isotopes from a mixture containing at least two isotopes in a solution is disclosed. A first isotope is precipitated and is collected from the solution. A daughter isotope is generated and collected from the first isotope. The invention includes a method of producing an actinium-225/bismuth-213 product from a material containing thorium-229 and thorium-232. A solution is formed containing nitric acid and the material containing thorium-229 and thorium-232, and iodate is added to form a thorium iodate precipitate. A supernatant is separated from the thorium iodate precipitate and a second volume of nitric acid is added to the thorium iodate precipitate. The thorium iodate precipitate is stored and a decay product comprising actinium-225 and bismuth-213 is generated in the second volume of nitric acid, which is then separated from the thorium iodate precipitate, filtered, and treated using at least one chromatographic procedure. A system for producing an actinium-225/bismuth-213 product is also disclosed.

  12. Behaviour of uranium series radionuclides in surface water (Crouzille, Limousin). Geochemical implications

    Understanding natural radionuclides behaviour in surface water is a required step to achieve uranium mine rehabilitation and preserve water quality. The first objective of this thesis is to determine which are the radionuclides sources in a drinking water reservoir. The second objective is to improve the knowledge about the behaviour of uranium series radionuclides, especially actinium. The investigated site is a brook (Sagnes, Limousin, France) which floods a peat bog contaminated by a former uranium mine and which empties into the Crouzille lake. It allows studying radionuclides transport in surface water and radionuclides retention through organic substance or water reservoir. Radionuclides distribution in particulate, colloidal and dissolved phases is determined thanks to ultra-filtrations. Gamma spectrometry allows measuring almost all natural radionuclides with only two counting stages. However, low activities of 235U series radionuclides impose the use of very low background well-type Ge detectors, such as those of the Underground Laboratory of Modane (France). Firstly, this study shows that no or few radionuclides are released by the Sagnes peat bog, although its radioactivity is important. Secondly, it provides details on the behaviour of uranium series radionuclides in surface water. More specifically, it provides the first indications of actinium solubility in surface water. Actinium's behaviour is very close to uranium's even if it is a little less soluble. (author)

  13. Draft Genome Sequences of Fusobacterium nucleatum ChDC F145, ChDC F174, ChDC F206, and ChDC F300, Isolated from Human Subgingival Plaques in the Republic of Korea

    Park, Soon-Nang; Cho, Eugene; Lim, Yun Kyong; Kim, Hwa-Sook; Kim, Dae-Soo; Jung, Jaeeun; Baek, Jeong-Hun; Jo, Eojin; Chang, Young-Hyo; Shin, Jeong Hwan; Choi, Sang-Haeng; Kang, Jihee; Choi, YongUn; Park, Hong-Seog; Kim, Hongik

    2014-01-01

    Recently, five strains were isolated from human subgingival plaques and were proposed as a novel subspecies of Fusobacterium nucleatum. Here, we report the draft genome sequences of the strains, except one for which the draft sequence was already introduced.

  14. Gusto latino : Eliseo R. Colón Zayas, colaboración de Mónica Rector. De Signis 14-Gusto latino. Editorial La Crujía Ediciones, 2009, 206 páginas

    Tram[p]as de la Comunicación y la Cultura

    2010-01-01

    Gusto latino analiza la identidad simbólica de lo latino en la posmodernidad. Lo latino siempre estuvo de moda en el imaginario de moda occidental, pero ahora, con la fuerza de los grandes mecanismos narrativos de la industria cultural de las telenovelas y las nuevas audiencias en el mercado de la música popular, se ha vuelto una cultura planetaria. (Párrafo extraído del texto a modo de resumen)

  15. INFLUENCE OF SINTERING TEMPERATURE ON THE POLARIZATION RESISTANCE OF LaO20.6SrO20.4CoO20.2FeO20.8O3-δ - SDC CARBONATE COMPOSITE CATHODE

    Nurul Akidah Baharuddin

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The effects of sintering temperature of an LSCF-samarium-doped ceria carbonate (SDCC cathode composite film on its polarization resistance (Rp were evaluated in this study. An LSCF-SDCC composite cathode was prepared for cathode film development by electrophoretic deposition (EPD. The LSCF-SDCC composite cathode was prepared at 50:50 weight percentage ratio. An EPD suspension which is based on an organic aqueous solution was used, and a mixture of ethanol and deionized water was used as medium with poly diallyl dimethyl ammonium chloride (PDADMAC as a dispersing agent. SDCC substrate was used, and EPD was performed on both sides. A symmetrical cell with cathode composite LSCF-SDCC films on both sides of the substrate was subjected to sintering at five different temperatures (from 550°C to 750°C. A symmetrical cell was painted using silver paste before undergoing electrochemical performance test (air condition, in which the impedance, Z data, was measured. The effects of sintering temperature change on element content and film porosity were first investigated by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, and J-image analysis. Ceramic-based cathode LSCF-SDCC that was sintered at 600°C exhibited the lowest Rp at a value of 0.68 Ω when operated at 650°C. This study proved that EPD has potential in developing IT-LT solid oxide fuel cell cathode components with high electrochemical performance in terms of Rp values.

  16. Niskin bottle data of the Hawaii Ocean Time-series (HOT) program in the North Pacific 100 Miles North of Oahu, Hawaii for Cruises HOT199-206 during 2008 (NODC Accession 0059936)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The HOT program makes repeated observations of the physics, biology and chemistry at a site approximately 100 km north of Oahu, Hawaii. Two stations are visited...

  17. Thermosalinograph data of the Hawaii Ocean Time-series (HOT) program in the North Pacific 100 Miles North of Oahu, Hawaii for Cruises HOT199-206 during 2008 (NODC Accession 0059943)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The HOT program makes repeated observations of the physics, biology and chemistry at a site approximately 100 km north of Oahu, Hawaii. Two stations are visited...

  18. Protracted construction of gabbroic crust at a slow spreading ridge: Constraints from 206Pb/238U zircon ages from Atlantis Massif and IODP Hole U1309D (30°N, MAR)

    Grimes, Craig B.; John, Barbara E.; Cheadle, Michael J.; Wooden, Joseph L.

    2008-01-01

    Sensitive high-resolution ion microprobe (SHRIMP) U-Pb zircon ages of 24 samples from oceanic crust recovered in Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Hole U1309D and from the surface of Atlantis Massif, Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) (30°N) document a protracted history of accretion in the footwall to an oceanic detachment fault. Ages for 18 samples of evolved Fe-Ti oxide gabbro and felsic dikes collected 40–1415 m below seafloor in U1309D yield a weighted mean of 1.20 ± 0.03 Ma (mean square of weighted deviates = 7.1). However, the ages range from 1.08 ± 0.07 Ma and 1.28 ± 0.05 Ma indicating crustal construction occurred over a minimum of 100–200 ka. The zircon ages, along with petrologic observations, indicate at least 2 major periods of intrusive activity with age peaks separated by 70 ka. The oldest ages are observed below 600 mbsf, an observation inconsistent with models requiring constant depth melt intrusion beneath a detachment fault. The data are most consistent with a “multiple sill” model whereby sills intrude at random depths below the ridge axis over a length scale greater than 1.4 km. Zircon ages from broadly spaced samples collected along the southern ridge of Atlantis Massif yield a detachment fault slip rate of 28.7 ± 6.7 mm/a and imply significant asymmetric plate spreading (up to 100% on the North American plate) for at least 200 ka during core complex formation.

  19. Corrigendum to "Recycling of crustal material by the Iceland mantle plume: New evidence from nitrogen elemental and isotope systematics of subglacial basalts" [Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 176 (2016) 206-226

    Halldórsson, Sæmundur A.; Hilton, David R.; Barry, Peter H.; Füri, Evelyn; Grönvold, Karl

    2016-08-01

    In Table 1 of the above published paper, N2/40Ar* ratios (column 13) are incorrect. A corrected table and updated figures (Figs. 6-8) are shown below. The correct N2/40Ar* values vary between 178 and 2.6 × 104, with a mean of 4.1 ± 2.1 (×103). Although this range in N2/40Ar* ratios is somewhat smaller compared to what was reported, it still displays considerably more heterogeneity compared to the DMM database. The new mean value is also significantly higher than the DMM mean (138 ± 65), as discussed. Therefore, the findings in the paper concerning heterogeneous and elevated N2/40Ar* ratios in Icelandic subglacial basalts still stand.

  20. Eficacia de los criterios de identificación del hormigón en la normativa europea (EN 206 y la reglamentación española (EHE-08

    Revuelta, D.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available European and Spanish regulations establish a series of conformity and acceptance criteria for concrete, as well as identity testing. The effectiveness of the first ones has been sufficiently studied by means of Operative Control Curves that provide the probability of acceptance or rejection of conforming concrete. However, it is not possible to find similar studies in the literature about the effectiveness of the identity criteria, despite their relevance in the decision making process for the manufacturer, the authorities and the consumer. In this paper the authors, using Monte Carlo simulation, have investigated the effectiveness of the European and Spanish identity criteria by obtaining curves with the probability of identifying unsolicited concrete and the probability of rejecting a conforming concrete when applying the criteria.La normativa europea y la reglamentación española establecen una serie de criterios de conformidad y aceptación para el hormigón, así como para la identificación del producto servido. La eficacia de los primeros ha sido suficientemente estudiada mediante el análisis de las Curvas Operativas de Control, que proporcionan la probabilidad de aceptación o rechazo de hormigones conformes. Sin embargo no es posible encontrar en la bibliografía trabajos similares sobre la eficacia de los criterios de identificación, a pesar de la importancia que tienen en la toma de decisiones para el fabricante, el legislador y el consumidor. En este trabajo los autores, empleando la simulación de Monte Carlo, han investigado la eficacia de los criterios de identificación europeos y españoles trazando las curvas de probabilidad de identificación de un hormigón no conforme con lo solicitado, y de la probabilidad de rechazo de un hormigón conforme al aplicar estos criterios.

  1. Precambrian crustal evolution and Cretaceous–Palaeogene faulting in West Greenland: 207Pb-206Pb dating of magnetite, monazite and allanite in the central and northern Nagssugtoqidian orogen, West Greenland

    Frei, Robert

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Pb-isotopic data for magnetite from amphibolites in the Nagssugtoqidian orogen, central West Greenland, have been used to trace their source characteristics and the timing of metamorphism. Analyses of the magnetite define a Pb-Pb isochron age of 1726 ± 7 Ma. The magnetite is metamorphic in origin, and the 1726 Ma age is interpreted as a cooling age through the closing temperature of magnetite at ~600°C. Some of the amphibolites in this study come from the Naternaq supracrustal rocks in the northern Nagssugtoqidian orogen, which host the Naternaq sulphide deposit and may be part ofthe Nordre Strømfjord supracrustal suite, which was deposited at around 1950 Ma ago.Pb-isotopic signatures of magnetite from the Arfersiorfik quartz diorite in the central Nagssugtoqidian orogen are compatible with published whole-rock Pb-isotopic data from this suite; previous work has shown that it is a product of subduction-related calc-alkaline magmatism between 1920 and 1870 Ma. Intrusion of pegmatites occurred at around 1800 Ma in both the central and the northernparts of the orogen. Pegmatite ages have been determined by Pb stepwise leaching analyses of allanite and monazite, and source characteristics of Pb point to an origin of the pegmatites by melting of the surrounding late Archaean and Palaeoproterozoic country rocks. Hydrothermal activity took place after pegmatite emplacement and continued below the closure temperature of magnetite at 1800–1650 Ma. Because of the relatively inert and refractory nature of magnetite, Pb-isotopic measurements from this mineral may be of help to understand the metamorphic evolution of geologicallycomplex terrains.

  2. CTD data of the Hawaii Ocean Time-series (HOT) program in the North Pacific 100 Miles North of Oahu, Hawaii for Cruises HOT199-206 during 2008 (NODC Accession 0059842)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The HOT program makes repeated observations of the physics, biology and chemistry at a site approximately 100 km north of Oahu, Hawaii. Two stations are visited...

  3. Estimation of physical conditions in the cold phase of the ISM in the sub-DLA system at z = 2.06 in the spectrum of the quasar J2123-0050

    Klimenko, V V; Ivanchik, A V; Varshalovich, D A

    2016-01-01

    An independent analysis of the molecular hydrogen absorption system at z = 2.059 in the spectrum of the quasar J2123-0050 is presented. The H_2 system consists of two components (A and B) with column densities log N^A(H_2) = 17.94+/-0.01 and log N^B(H_2) = 15.16+/-0.02. The spectrum exhibits the lines of HD molecules (log N^A(HD) = 13.87+/-0.06) and the neutral species C I and Cl I associated with the H_2 absorption system. For the molecular hydrogen lines near the quasar's Ly_beta and O VI emission lines, we detect a nonzero residual flux, ~3% of the total flux, caused by the effect of partial coverage of the quasar's broad-line region by an H_2 cloud. The uniqueness of the system being investigated is manifested in a high abundance of the neutral species H_2 and C I at the lowest H I column density, log N(H I) = 19.18+/-0.15, among the high redshift systems. The N(HD)/2N(H_2) ratio for component A has turned out to be also unusually high, (4.26+/-0.60)x10^{-5}. We have investigated the physical conditions i...

  4. On the structure and optical band gap in some (PbO)x(BaO)0.3-x(ZnO)0.1(TeO2)0.6 glasses

    Tichá, H.; Tichý, Ladislav

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 9, 7-8 (2015), s. 951-955. ISSN 1842-6573 Institutional support: RVO:61389013 Keywords : optical properties * oxide glasses * Raman spectroscopy Subject RIV: CA - Inorganic Chemistry Impact factor: 0.394, year: 2014 http://oam-rc.inoe.ro/index.php?option=magazine&op=view&idu=2643&catid=91

  5. A Comment on „Two distinctive granite suites in SW Bohemian Massif and their record of emplacement: Constraints from geochemistry and Zircon 207Pb/206Pb geochronology“ by Siebel et al. Journal of Petrology 49, 1853-1872

    Finger, F.; René, Miloš

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 50, č. 4 (2009), s. 591-593. ISSN 0022-3530 R&D Projects: GA MŠk MEB060802 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z30460519 Keywords : Bohemian Massif * Moldanubian Zone * granite Subject RIV: DB - Geology ; Mineralogy Impact factor: 3.738, year: 2009

  6. Dicty_cDB: SLD561 [Dicty_cDB

    Full Text Available Value N ( AU052592 ) Dictyostelium discoideum slug cDNA, clone SLD561. 206 3e-53 2 ( AU054168 ) Dictyostelium discoideum slug... cDNA, clone SLK851. 206 3e-53 2 ( AU038671 ) Dictyostelium discoideum slug cDNA, clone SSL...330. 206 3e-53 2 ( AU053081 ) Dictyostelium discoideum slug cDNA, clone SLF641. 206 3e-53 2 ( AU052708 ) Dictyostelium discoideum slu...g cDNA, clone SLD809. 206 3e-53 2 ( AU053627 ) Dictyostelium discoideum slug... cDNA, clone SLJ259. 206 3e-53 2 ( AU054174 ) Dictyostelium discoideum slug cDNA, clone

  7. 12 CFR 560.120 - Letters of credit and other independent undertakings to pay against documents.

    2010-01-01

    ... (International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) Publication No. 500) (available from ICC Publishing, Inc., 212/206-1150... Credits (ICC Publication No. 525) (available from ICC Publishing, Inc., 212/206-1150). (b) Safety...

  8. Gene : CBRC-MDOM-05-0172 [SEVENS

    Full Text Available IPMYVTCPKNSTKERRNIWYSSLDLNAINTIRIAIWKSVYDGVFVGLMTITSSYMMLILYRHHQKVQYLHRTNMSLRASPEVRATKAILILMISFVCFTTISSPFSVYMVYSEETKHWLIHGIIILSLCYPAVSPFILISSDTQITWACHAF ... .../gi=89886377 /ug=Mdm.206 /len=927 4e-07 22% MISHNEVLGIICLNLIALGILGNSFLLYLYGHESITGHRIKPMNMIVIHIAFSNSMLIL...FGGVPKIMQIWVFKSFLGCSEIKIITYLIRMARGLSLCSTCLLSVSQAITISPYSPMWAGLKVRAPKCTLPCCFLCWALNLLIAVF

  9. 30 CFR 202.351 - Royalties on geothermal resources.

    2010-07-01

    ..., suspends, or reduces that rate(s). Royalties are determined under 30 CFR part 206, subpart H. (2) Fees in lieu of royalties on geothermal resources are prescribed in 30 CFR part 206, subpart H. (3) Except for...,” and “Class III lease” have the same meanings prescribed in 30 CFR 206.351. (i) For Class I leases,...

  10. DISSOLVED CONCENTRATION LIMITS OF RADIOACTIVE ELEMENTS

    P. Bernot

    2005-07-13

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate dissolved concentration limits (also referred to as solubility limits) of elements with radioactive isotopes under probable repository conditions, based on geochemical modeling calculations using geochemical modeling tools, thermodynamic databases, field measurements, and laboratory experiments. The scope of this activity is to predict dissolved concentrations or solubility limits for elements with radioactive isotopes (actinium, americium, carbon, cesium, iodine, lead, neptunium, plutonium, protactinium, radium, strontium, technetium, thorium, and uranium) relevant to calculated dose. Model outputs for uranium, plutonium, neptunium, thorium, americium, and protactinium are provided in the form of tabulated functions with pH and log fCO{sub 2} as independent variables, plus one or more uncertainty terms. The solubility limits for the remaining elements are either in the form of distributions or single values. Even though selection of an appropriate set of radionuclides documented in Radionuclide Screening (BSC 2002 [DIRS 160059]) includes actinium, transport of Ac is not modeled in the total system performance assessment for the license application (TSPA-LA) model because of its extremely short half-life. Actinium dose is calculated in the TSPA-LA by assuming secular equilibrium with {sup 231}Pa (Section 6.10); therefore, Ac is not analyzed in this report. The output data from this report are fundamental inputs for TSPA-LA used to determine the estimated release of these elements from waste packages and the engineered barrier system. Consistent modeling approaches and environmental conditions were used to develop solubility models for the actinides discussed in this report. These models cover broad ranges of environmental conditions so they are applicable to both waste packages and the invert. Uncertainties from thermodynamic data, water chemistry, temperature variation, and activity coefficients have been quantified or

  11. DISSOLVED CONCENTRATION LIMITS OF RADIOACTIVE ELEMENTS

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate dissolved concentration limits (also referred to as solubility limits) of elements with radioactive isotopes under probable repository conditions, based on geochemical modeling calculations using geochemical modeling tools, thermodynamic databases, field measurements, and laboratory experiments. The scope of this activity is to predict dissolved concentrations or solubility limits for elements with radioactive isotopes (actinium, americium, carbon, cesium, iodine, lead, neptunium, plutonium, protactinium, radium, strontium, technetium, thorium, and uranium) relevant to calculated dose. Model outputs for uranium, plutonium, neptunium, thorium, americium, and protactinium are provided in the form of tabulated functions with pH and log fCO2 as independent variables, plus one or more uncertainty terms. The solubility limits for the remaining elements are either in the form of distributions or single values. Even though selection of an appropriate set of radionuclides documented in Radionuclide Screening (BSC 2002 [DIRS 160059]) includes actinium, transport of Ac is not modeled in the total system performance assessment for the license application (TSPA-LA) model because of its extremely short half-life. Actinium dose is calculated in the TSPA-LA by assuming secular equilibrium with 231Pa (Section 6.10); therefore, Ac is not analyzed in this report. The output data from this report are fundamental inputs for TSPA-LA used to determine the estimated release of these elements from waste packages and the engineered barrier system. Consistent modeling approaches and environmental conditions were used to develop solubility models for the actinides discussed in this report. These models cover broad ranges of environmental conditions so they are applicable to both waste packages and the invert. Uncertainties from thermodynamic data, water chemistry, temperature variation, and activity coefficients have been quantified or otherwise

  12. Detection of rare earth elements in Powder River Basin sub-bituminous coal ash using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)

    Tran, Phuoc [National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United State; Mcintyre, Dustin [National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United State

    2015-10-01

    We reported our preliminary results on the use of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy to analyze the rare earth elements contained in ash samples from Powder River Basin sub-bituminous coal (PRB-coal). We have identified many elements in the lanthanide series (cerium, europium, holmium, lanthanum, lutetium, praseodymium, promethium, samarium, terbium, ytterbium) and some elements in the actinide series (actinium, thorium, uranium, plutonium, berkelium, californium) in the ash samples. In addition, various metals were also seen to present in the ash samples

  13. The identification of soil radionuclides in the area of Puspiptek and surrounding

    The area of PUSPIPTEK and the surrounding are potentially exposed by radionuclides, because the operation of the nuclear research plant. The PPTN Serpong was operated long than 10 years, therefore soil radioactivity need to evaluate. The determination of radioactivity in the soil samples which be taken from research location using gamma spectrometry on June-August. The result of the research identified natural radionuclides K-40; Thorium decay series Ac-228, Bi-212, Pb-212, Tl-208, Ra-224 and Rn-220; Uranium decay series Bi-214, Pa-234, Pb-214 and Actinium decay series Bi-211, Po-211. There are no identification radionuclides produce from the activation of PPTN Serpong

  14. An aerial radiological survey of the Sandia National Laboratories and surrounding area

    A team from the Remote Sensing Laboratory conducted an aerial radiological survey of the area surrounding the Sandia National Laboratories and Kirtland Air Force Base in Albuquerque, New Mexico, during March and April 1993. The survey team measured the terrestrial gamma radiation at the site to determine the levels of natural and man-made radiation. This survey includes the areas covered by a previous survey in 1981. The results of the aerial survey show a background exposure rate which varies between 5 and 18 μR/h plus an approximate 6 μR/h contribution from cosmic rays. The major radioactive isotopes found in this survey were: potassium-40, thallium-208, bismuth-214, and actinium-228, which are all naturally-occurring isotopes, and cobalt-60, cesium-137, and excess amounts of thallium-208 and actinium-228, which are due to human actions in the survey area. In regions away from man-made activity, the exposure rates inferred from this survey's gamma ray measurements agree almost exactly with the exposure rates inferred from the 1981 survey. In addition to the aerial measurements, another survey team conducted in situ and soil sample radiation measurements at three sites within the survey perimeter. These ground-based measurements agree with the aerial measurements within ± 5%

  15. Mixed valency of the RE and Ac ions in solid states

    Full text: This review is devoted to consideration of the methods and results of the theoretical and experimental investigations of the electronic state of the rare earths and actinium ions in the separate compound. The methods of the high resolution X ray spectroscopy were used for our consideration. Energy of the X ray lines of the rare earths and actinium ions in free state and solid states was study carefully. Valency shifts of X Ray lines under change of electronic state of nf - ions in different oxide, fluoride and chloride compounds were determined for K -, L- and M - lines for these ions with accuracy near 10 -100 MeV. We studied the electronic state of nf- ions which is changed from '+2' to '+4' and determined the concentration of ions in different electronic state. Relative error for theoretical energy of the most lines for HFP - approach in comparison with experiment is less than 0.5%, and deviation for concentration is less than 5%

  16. A study of uranium and thorium migration at the Koongarra uranium deposit with application to actinide transport from nuclear waste repositories

    One way to gain confidence in modelling possible radionuclide releases is to study natural systems which are similar to components of the multibarrier waste repository. Several such analogues are currently under study and these provide useful data about radionuclide behaviour in the natural environment. One such system is the Koongarra uranium deposit in the Northern Territory. In this dissertation, the migration of actinides, primarily uranium and thorium, has been studied as an analogue for the behaviour of transuranics in the far-field of a waste repository. The major findings of this study are: 1. the main process retarding uranium migration in the dispersion fan at Koongarra is sorption, which suppresses dissolved uranium concentrations well below solubility limits, with ferrihydrite being a major sorbing phase; 2. thorium is extremely immobile, with very low dissolved concentrations and corresponding high distribution ratios for 230Th. Overall, it is estimated that colloids are relatively unimportant in Koongarra groundwater. Uranium migrates mostly as dissolved species, whereas thorium and actinium are mostly adsorbed to larger, relatively immobile particles and the stationary phase. However, of the small amount of 230Th that passes through a 1μm filter, a significant proportion is associated with colloidal particles. Actinium appears to be slightly more mobile than thorium and is associated with colloids to a greater extent, although generally present in low concentrations. These results support the possibility of colloidal transport of trivalent and tetravalent actinides in the vicinity of a nuclear waste repository. 112 refs., 23 tabs., 32 figs

  17. Purification of cerium, neodymium and gadolinium for low background experiments

    Boiko R.S.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Cerium, neodymium and gadolinium contain double beta active isotopes. The most interesting are 150Nd and 160Gd (promising for 0ν2β search, 136Ce (2β+ candidate with one of the highest Q2β. The main problem of compounds containing lanthanide elements is their high radioactive contamination by uranium, radium, actinium and thorium. The new generation 2β experiments require development of methods for a deep purification of lanthanides from the radioactive elements. A combination of physical and chemical methods was applied to purify cerium, neodymium and gadolinium. Liquid-liquid extraction technique was used to remove traces of Th and U from neodymium, gadolinium and for purification of cerium from Th, U, Ra and K. Co-precipitation and recrystallization methods were utilized for further reduction of the impurities. The radioactive contamination of the samples before and after the purification was tested by using ultra-low-background HPGe gamma spectrometry. As a result of the purification procedure the radioactive contamination of gadolinium oxide (a similar purification efficiency was reached also with cerium and neodymium oxides was decreased from 0.12 Bq/kg to 0.007 Bq/kg in 228Th, from 0.04 Bq/kg to <0.006 Bq/kg in 226Ra, and from 0.9 Bq/kg to 0.04 Bq/kg in 40K. The purification methods are much less efficient for chemically very similar radioactive elements like actinium, lanthanum and lutetium.

  18. The Technological Enhancement of Normally Occurring Radioactive Materials in Red Mud due to the Production of Alumina

    Maurice O. Miller

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the level of technological enhancement of normally occurring radioactive materials (TENORM in the red mud waste due to the production of alumina in Jamaica. Technological enhancements factors (TEF were determined for the uranium, thorium, actinium series, their progenies, and the nonseries potassium-40 using gamma spectrometry. The study concluded that bauxite production technologically enhances the uranium progenies Th-234, Pb-214, Bi-214, and Pa-234 and the thorium-232 progenies Ac-228, Pb-212, and Bi-212 in red mud. The actinium series was technologically enhanced, but K-40 and the thorium daughter, Tl-208, were reduced. The spectrometric comparison of Tl-208 (at 510 keV was unexpected since its other photopeaks at 583 keV, 934 keV, and 968 keV were markedly different. An explanation for this anomaly is discussed. An explanation regarding the process of accumulation and fractionation of organically derived phosphate deposits and potassium-feldspar is offered to explain the spectrometric differences between the alumina product and its waste material, red mud.

  19. Low background counting of 222Rn, 220Rn and 219Rn with electrostatic counters

    Mong, Brian; EXO-200 Collaboration; nEXO Collaboration

    2014-09-01

    The radon counting technique based on electrostatic precipitation of progenies in gas followed by alpha spectroscopy has been applied to support the material selection programs of low background, neutrino and dark matter experiments with emphasis on EXO. An array of 8 counters operated by Laurentian University at SNOLAB and the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant have reached the sensitivity of 10 atoms/day in the uranium, thorium and actinium chains. Hardware improvements are underway to further increase the capacity and sensitivity in support of nEXO. The radon counting technique based on electrostatic precipitation of progenies in gas followed by alpha spectroscopy has been applied to support the material selection programs of low background, neutrino and dark matter experiments with emphasis on EXO. An array of 8 counters operated by Laurentian University at SNOLAB and the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant have reached the sensitivity of 10 atoms/day in the uranium, thorium and actinium chains. Hardware improvements are underway to further increase the capacity and sensitivity in support of nEXO. Supported by NSERC Project Grants ``Search for Double Beta Decay with EXO.''

  20. Purification of cerium, neodymium and gadolinium for low background experiments

    Boiko, R. S.; Barabash, A. S.; Belli, P.; Bernabei, R.; Cappella, F.; Cerulli, R.; Danevich, F. A.; Incicchitti, A.; Laubenstein, M.; Mokina, V. M.; Nisi, S.; Poda, D. V.; Polischuk, O. G.; Tretyak, V. I.

    2014-01-01

    Cerium, neodymium and gadolinium contain double beta active isotopes. The most interesting are 150Nd and 160Gd (promising for 0ν2β search), 136Ce (2β+ candidate with one of the highest Q2β). The main problem of compounds containing lanthanide elements is their high radioactive contamination by uranium, radium, actinium and thorium. The new generation 2β experiments require development of methods for a deep purification of lanthanides from the radioactive elements. A combination of physical and chemical methods was applied to purify cerium, neodymium and gadolinium. Liquid-liquid extraction technique was used to remove traces of Th and U from neodymium, gadolinium and for purification of cerium from Th, U, Ra and K. Co-precipitation and recrystallization methods were utilized for further reduction of the impurities. The radioactive contamination of the samples before and after the purification was tested by using ultra-low-background HPGe gamma spectrometry. As a result of the purification procedure the radioactive contamination of gadolinium oxide (a similar purification efficiency was reached also with cerium and neodymium oxides) was decreased from 0.12 Bq/kg to 0.007 Bq/kg in 228Th, from 0.04 Bq/kg to <0.006 Bq/kg in 226Ra, and from 0.9 Bq/kg to 0.04 Bq/kg in 40K. The purification methods are much less efficient for chemically very similar radioactive elements like actinium, lanthanum and lutetium.

  1. Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts, Polygon boundaries representing the geographic extent of Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) revitalization and incentive zones as set forth by SB206 BRAC Communty Enhancement Act. Focus growth in areas already designated for growth., Published in 2010, Smaller than 1:100000 scale, Maryland Department of Business and Economic Development.

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Districts dataset, published at Smaller than 1:100000 scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of...

  2. 三核镍配合物[Ni3(Htrz)6(H2O)6](S04)3·8H2O的合成与晶体结构%Synthesis and Crystal Structure of New Trinuclear Ni Complex [ Ni3(Htrz)6(H20)6]( SO4)3· 8H20

    曲小姝; 杨艳艳; 于雷; 邢丽娜; 王金龙

    2012-01-01

    用常规水溶液法合成了三核配合物[Ni3(Htrz)。(H:0)6](SO4)3·8H:O(1),其中Htrz=1,2,4—1H-三氮唑.用x.射线单晶衍射、元素分析、红外光谱、热重分析对晶体结构进行了表征.该晶体属于三斜晶系,P-1空间群,Ⅱ=11.802(2)A,b=12.120(3)A,c=18.663(4)A,α=71.28(0)°,β:86.66(0)°,γ=62.04(0)°,V=2219.5(8)A3,Z=2,F(000):1666,R1=0.1217,wR2=0.3600.CCDC:831634%A new trinuclear Ni complex [ Ni3 (Htrz) 6 ( H2 O) 6 ] ( SO4 ) 3 · 8H20 ( Htrz = 1,2,4-1H-Triazole) has been synthesized by convenient aqueous solution method and structurally characterized by single-crystal X- ray diffraction, IR spectra, elemental analysis, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Crystal data for this compound :Wrielinic, P-1 ,a = 11. 802(2)A,b = 12. 120(3) A, c = 18. 663 (4) A, α =71.28 (0) ° ,β= 86.66(0) °, γ= 62.04(0) ~,V=2219.5(8) A^3,Z=2,F(000) =1666,Rl =0.1217, wRz=0.3600. CCDC:831634

  3. Kinetics of glucose stimulatory effect on silica deposition and growth of natural populations of Fragilaria crotonensis

    Znachor, Petr; Nedoma, Jiří; Rychtecký, Pavel

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 59, č. 2 (2011), s. 123-128. ISSN 1322-0829 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GP206/07/P407; GA ČR(CZ) GA206/09/0309; GA ČR(CZ) GA206/08/0015 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60170517 Keywords : Fragilaria crotonensis * glucose * PDMPO * phytoplankton Subject RIV: DA - Hydrology ; Limnology Impact factor: 1.543, year: 2011

  4. Poznámka (Canna indica L.)

    Bělohlávková, Radmila

    Praha : Academia, 2010 - (Štěpánková, J.; Chrtek, J.; Kaplan, Z.), s. 687-687 ISBN 978-80-200-1824-3 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA206/01/1115; GA ČR GA206/04/0786; GA ČR GA206/07/0706 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60050516 Keywords : Canna indica * flora * Czech Republic Subject RIV: EF - Botanics

  5. Pollen analyses of sediments from the summit of the Praděd range in the Hrubý Jeseník Mts (Eastern Sudetes)

    Rybníček, Kamil; Rybníčková, Eliška

    2004-01-01

    Roč. 76, č. 4 (2004), s. 331-347. ISSN 0032-7786 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KSK6005114; GA ČR GA206/93/1185; GA ČR GA206/96/0531; GA ČR GA206/02/0568 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z6005908 Keywords : alpine forest line * Hrubý Jeseník Mts * pollen analyses Subject RIV: EF - Botanics

  6. Long-term limnological research of the Bohemian Forest lakes and their recent status

    Vrba, Jaroslav (ed.); Kopáček, Jiří; Fott, J.

    2000-01-01

    Roč. 4, č. 4 (2000), s. 7-28. ISSN 1211-7420. [Acidified Lakes in the Bohemian/Bavarian Forest - History, Present and Future. Č. Budějovice, 21.03.2000-23.03.2000] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA206/97/0072; GA ČR GA206/98/0727; GA ČR GA206/00/0063; GA AV ČR KSK2005601 Subject RIV: DA - Hydrology ; Limnology

  7. Photobioreactor for cultivation and real-time, in-situ measurement of O-2 and CO2 exchange rates, growth dynamics, and of chlorophyll fluorescence emission of photoautotrophic microorganisms

    Červený, Jan; Šetlík, Ivan

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 3, č. 9 (2009), s. 247-253. ISSN 1618-0240 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA206/05/0894; GA ČR(CZ) GA206/09/1284; GA ČR GA206/08/1683 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60870520; CEZ:AV0Z50200510 Keywords : PHOTOSYNTHESIS * Bioreactor * Biotechnology Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry Impact factor: 1.240, year: 2009

  8. Isolation and characterization of paracrystalline structures from transgenic Pssu-ipt tobacco

    Synková, Helena; Schnablová, R.; Hušák, M.; Šiffel, Pavel; Bumba, Ladislav; Hunalová, Ivana; Čeřovská, Noemi; Vácha, František

    2005-01-01

    Roč. 43, - (2005), s. 509-517. ISSN 0300-3604 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA206/01/1061; GA ČR GA206/03/0369; GA ČR GA206/03/1107 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50510513; CEZ:AV0Z50380511 Keywords : chloroplast ultrastructure * cytokinins * light-harvesting complex proteins Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry Impact factor: 0.810, year: 2005

  9. Gene : CBRC-MDOM-01-0560 [SEVENS

    Full Text Available gb=NM_001039859 /gi=89886377 /ug=Mdm.206 /len=927 7e-04 23% MYIYLSVCLSIYLSVCLSVCLCLYLSIYLSISIICLSISIC...LSLPVHLSLCLSVCLSLSIYISICLSVYLSVCLSIYLSVCLSVYLSVCLCLYLSIYLSISIICLSISICLSLPVYLSVCLSVSLSIYISICLFVYLSVCLSLSIYISIC...LSVYLSICLSICLSLSVYLSIYLSISIICLSISICLSLSIYLSVCLSVYLSVCLSVYISICLSLSIYPSIYPSLLSVSLYLSVCLCLSIC...LSVCLSTYLSVCLSIYLSVCLCLSIHLSIHLYYLSLSLSVSICLSICLSVCLSICLSVSVSVYLSIYISISIICLYLS

  10. Comparative study of samples implanted at room temperature and below 1 K by NMR/ON and NO

    206Bi was implanted into iron and nickel at T 206Bi was observed. Nuclear orientation data are compatible with nearly 100 per cent of the 206Bi nuclei experiencing the hyperfine interaction corresponding to the resonance frequency but strength and shape of the resonance depend on the sample preparation which is discussed in detail. Nuclear orientation experiments with 122124SbZn and 206BiZn show a sizably smaller average quadrupole interaction frequency immediately after on-line implantation than after annealing at room temperature. (Auth.)

  11. Purification system of gram-amount neptunium using anion exchange chromatography

    To develop a purification system of gram-amount neptunium using anion exchange chromatography, adsorption elution of excess amount of actinium in 6M HNO3 aqueous solution was studied using thorium and uranium tracer. The partition coefficient (Kd) of Th (IV) decreased from Kd=99.1 of tracer to Kd=44.0, 5% load. By decreasing the partition coefficient, we can wash until 30 Vs under the purification conditions of 1% load and 95% recovery. The retention volume of U (IV) was about 300 Vs, a large value. The partition coefficient of Np (IV) may be larger than it and the large amount of washable eluting solution may be obtained. Washing of impurity of 3d transition metal and actinide (VI) can be done until 20Vs. With washing of 150Vs, impurity of alkali earth metal, metals (III) and platinum group metals decreased less than 0.1%. (S.Y.)

  12. A francium-223 reservoir source

    By improving and accelerating a method which had been earlier tried for caesium-rubidium separation on a cellulose column, i.e. elution with 2N HCl-equilibrated phenol, the author succeeded in obtaining consecutive and quasi-selective elutions of francium-223, starting with actinium-227 fixed at the top of a small cellulose column to which ZrO2 had been added. The francium-223, rapidly eluted under pressure, is extracted by water while the phenol is extracted by ether; it can easily be cleared of any residual traces of radioactive contaminants (thallium-207, radium-223, thorium-227) by two consecutive BaSO4 precipitations. The preparation of a Fr223 solution (HCl-H2SO4) requires approximately 20 min; the time noted for Fr223 was closer to 22 than to 21 min. (author)

  13. Radionuclide interactions with marine sediments

    A critical review of the literature on the subject of the interactions of radionuclides with marine sediments has been carried out. On the basis of the information available, an attempt has been made to give ranges and 'best estimates' for the distribution ratios between seawater and sediments. These estimates have been based on an understanding of the sediment seawater system and the porewater chemistry and mineralogy. Field measurements, laboratory measurements and estimates based on stable-element geochemical data are all taken into account. Laboratory measurements include distribution-ratio and diffusion-coefficient determinations. The elements reviewed are carbon, chlorine, calcium, nickel, selenium, strontium, zirconium, niobium, technetium, tin, iodine, caesium, lead, radium, actinium, thorium, protactinium, uranium, neptunium, plutonium, americium and curium. (author)

  14. Formerly utilized MED/AEC sites Remedial Action Program. Radiological survey of the St. Louis Airport Storage Site, St. Louis, Missouri. Final report

    Results of two radiological surveys of the St. Louis-Lambert Airport property, formerly known as the Airport Storage Site, St. Louis, Missouri, are presented. Uranium- and radium-bearing waste materials were stored from the 1940's to the late 1960's in this area. The surveys included direct measurements of beta-gamma radiation; determination of uranium, actinium, and radium concentrations in soil samples and from bore holes; determination of radionuclide concentrations in groundwater and surface water; measurement of radon flux from the ground surface; and measurements of 222Rn in air near the site. Results indicate that some offsite drainage pathways are becoming contaminated, probably by runoff from the site; no migration of 222Rn from the site was observed

  15. JAEA thermodynamic database for performance assessment of geological disposal of high-level and TRU wastes. Refinement of thermodynamic data for trivalent actinoids and samarium

    Within the scope of the JAEA thermodynamic database project for performance assessment of geological disposal of high-level radioactive and TRU wastes, the refinement of the thermodynamic data for the inorganic compounds and complexes of trivalent actinoids (actinium(III), plutonium(III), americium(III) and curium(III)) and samarium(III) was carried out. Refinement of thermodynamic data for these elements was based on the thermodynamic database for americium published by the Nuclear Energy Agency in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD/NEA). Based on the similarity of chemical properties among trivalent actinoids and samarium, complementary thermodynamic data for their species expected under the geological disposal conditions were selected to complete the thermodynamic data set for the performance assessment of geological disposal of radioactive wastes. (author)

  16. Theoretical Study on Properties of New Isotope 265Bh

    2006-01-01

    The properties of nuclei belonging to the newly observed α-decay chain starting from 265Bh have been studied. The axially deformed relativistic mean-field calculation with the force NL-Z2 has been performed in the blockedBCS approximation. Some ground state properties such as binding energies, deformations, spins, and parities, as well as Q-values of the α-decay for this decay chain have been calculated and compared with known experimental data. Good agreement is found. The single-particle spectrum of the nucleus 265 Bh is studied and some new magic numbers are found,while the magnitudes of the shell gaps in superheavy nuclei are much smaller than those of nuclei before the actinium region, and the Fermi surfaces are close to the continuum. Thus the superheavy nuclei are usually not stable. The The methods which give good agreement with the data are selected.

  17. Proposed training program for construction personnel involved in remedial action work at sites contaminated by naturally occurring radionuclides

    Many sites used during the early days of the US atomic energy program are contaminated with radionuclides of the primordial decay chains (uranium, thorium, and actinium series). This contamination consists of residues resulting from refining and processing uranium and thorium. Preparation of these sites for release to unrestricted private use will involve the assistance of construction workers, many of whom have limited knowledge of the hazards associated with radioactive materials. Therefore, there is a need to educate these workers in the fundamentals of radioactive material handling to minimize exposures and possible spread of contamination. This training should disseminate relevant information at an appropriate educational level and should instill a cautious, common-sense attitude toward the handling of radioactive materials. The training should emphasize basic information concerning environmental radiation within a context of relative risk. A multi-media format, including colorful visual aids, demonstration, and discussion, should be used to maximize motivation and retention. A detailed, proposed training program design is presented

  18. Hybridization of Potamogeton species in the Czech Republic: diversity, distribution, temporal trends and habitat preferences

    Kaplan, Zdeněk

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 82, č. 3 (2010), s. 261-287. ISSN 0032-7786 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA206/09/0291; GA ČR GA206/07/0706 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60050516 Keywords : hybridization * taxonomy * temporal changes Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 2.792, year: 2010

  19. Evidence for the hybrid origin of Potamogeton ×cooperi (Potamogetonaceae): traditional morphology-based taxonomy and molecular techniques in concert

    Kaplan, Zdeněk; Fehrer, Judith

    2004-01-01

    Roč. 39, - (2004). s. 431-453. ISSN 1211-9520 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GP206/03/P156; GA ČR(CZ) GA206/02/0773 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z6005908 Keywords : Potamogeton * hybridization * DNA Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 0.968, year: 2004

  20. Comparison of natural and artificial hybridization in Potamogeton

    Kaplan, Zdeněk; Fehrer, Judith

    2006-01-01

    Roč. 78, č. 3 (2006), s. 303-316. ISSN 0032-7786 R&D Projects: GA ČR GP206/03/P156; GA ČR(CZ) GA206/06/0593 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60050516 Keywords : hybridization * clonality * variation Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 2.119, year: 2006