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Sample records for acrosin

  1. Acrosin inhibitor detecting along the boar epididymis

    Maňásková-Postlerová, Pavla; Cozlová, Nina; Dorosh, Andriy; Šulc, Miroslav; Guyonet, B.; Jonáková, Věra

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 82, Jan 2016 (2016), s. 733-739. ISSN 0141-8130 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP503/12/1834; GA MŠk(CZ) ED1.1.00/02.0109; GA ČR GA14-05547S Institutional support: RVO:86652036 ; RVO:61388971 Keywords : Acrosin inhibitor * Boar epididymis * Spermatozoa Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry Impact factor: 2.858, year: 2014

  2. Relationship between acrosin activity of human spermatozoa and oxidative stress

    AdelA.Zalata; AshrafH.Ahmed; ShyamS.R.Allamaneni; H.Comhaire; AshokAgarwal

    2004-01-01

    Aim: To study the association between seminal oxidative stress and human sperm acrosin activity.Methods: It is a prospective study consisting of 30 infertile men and 12 fertile normozoospermic volunteers. A full history, clinical examination and scrotal ultrasound were done to exclude other related factors such as smoking and varicocele. Presence of white blood cells (WBCs) in semen samples was evaluated by peroxidase staining. Lipid peroxidation in spermatozoa was induced after incubating with ferrous sulphate (4mmol/L) and sodium ascorbate (20 mmol/L). Induced peroxidation of spermatozoa was assessed by determining the production of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS). Acrosin activity was measured using the gelatinolysis technique. The halo diameters around the sperm heads and the percentages of spermatozoa showing halo formation were evaluated. An acrosin activity index was calculated by multiplying the halo diameter by the halo formation rate. Results: A significant difference was observed in acrosin activity parameters and TBARS levels between samples with WBCs (>1×106/mL of ejaculate) and those without. This difference was also noted between the normozoospermic and the oligoasthenoteratozoospermic semen samples. The TBARS production by spermatozoa had a significant negativecorrelation with the acrosin activity index (r=-0.89, P<0.001). Conclusion: The presence of oxidative stress in an individual with leukocytospermia and/or abnormal semen parameters is associated with impaired sperm function as measured by its acrosin activity. (Asian J Androl 2004 Dec; 6:313-318)

  3. Expression and localization of acrosin inhibitor in boar reproductive tract

    Davidová, Nina; Jonáková, Věra; Maňásková-Postlerová, Pavla

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 338, č. 2 (2009), s. 303-311. ISSN 0302-766X R&D Projects: GA ČR GA303/09/1285; GA MŠk 1M06011; GA ČR GD523/08/H064 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50520701 Keywords : Acrosin inhibitor * Reproductive tract * Spermatozoa * Boar Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry Impact factor: 2.308, year: 2009

  4. Assessment of released acrosin activity as a measurement of the sperm acrosome reaction

    Rui-Zhi Liu; Wan-Li Na; Hong-Guo Zhang; Zhi-Yong Lin; Bai-Oong Xue; Zong-Oe Xu

    2008-01-01

    Aim: To develop a method for assessing sperm function by measuring released acrosin activity during the acrosome reaction (AR). Methods: Human semen samples were obtained from 24 healthy donors with proven fertility after 3-7 days of sexual abstinence. After collection, samples were liquefied for 30 min at room temperature. Standard semen parameters were evaluated according to World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Calcium ionophore A23187 and progesterone (P4) were used to stimulate the sperm to undergo AR. After treatment, sperm were incubated with the supravital dye Hoechst33258, fixed in a glutaraldehyde-phosphate-buffered saline solution, and the acrosomal status was determined by fluorescence microscopy with fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled Pisum sativum agglutinin (FITC-PSA). The percentage of sperm undergoing AR (AR%) was compared to sperm acrosin activities as assessed by spectrocolorimetry. The correlation between AR% and acrosin activity was determined by statistical analysis. Results: The AR% and released acrosin activity were both markedly increased with A23187 and P4 stimulation. Sperm motility and viability were significantly higher after stimulation with P4 versus stimula-tion with A23187 (P < 0.001). There was a significant positive correlation between released acrosin activity and AR% determined by FITC-PSA staining (r = 0.916, P < 0.001). Conclusion: Spectrocolorimetric measurement of released acrosin activity might serve as a reasonable alternative method to evaluate AR.

  5. Radiation inactivation of hamster acrosin reveals that the biologically active unit is of low molecular size

    The relationship between structure and activity of acid-extracted and purified acrosin obtained from cauda epididymal hamster spermatozoa was studied. A four-step purification procedure of acrosin was used; it included 1.) acid extraction, 2.) gel filtration over Sephadex G-100 resin, 3.) ion exchange on CM-Sepharose CL-6B, and 4.) affinity chromatography on proflavin-Sepharose 4B. Analysis of the purified enzyme by high-performance liquid chromatography (300 SW + I-125) revealed a molecular weight of 44,000, which was identical to that obtained for acid-extracted acrosin. Slab-gel electrophoresis under nondenaturing conditions showed only one active band, as revealed with a highly sensitive assay using N alpha-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-lysine thiobenzyl ester as substrate. The radiation inactivation size of acid extracted acrosin was calculated to be 8400. This small unit could represent the active polypeptide portion of a larger monomer molecule or could represent the size of active subunits. Because acrosin is autocatalytic and highly active during fertilization, it is suggested that the active portion of the completely processed form of the enzyme is of small molecular weight

  6. Radiation inactivation of hamster acrosin reveals that the biologically active unit is of low molecular size

    Antaki, P.; Vigneault, N.; Beauregard, G.; Potier, M.; Roberts, K.D.

    1987-08-01

    The relationship between structure and activity of acid-extracted and purified acrosin obtained from cauda epididymal hamster spermatozoa was studied. A four-step purification procedure of acrosin was used; it included 1.) acid extraction, 2.) gel filtration over Sephadex G-100 resin, 3.) ion exchange on CM-Sepharose CL-6B, and 4.) affinity chromatography on proflavin-Sepharose 4B. Analysis of the purified enzyme by high-performance liquid chromatography (300 SW + I-125) revealed a molecular weight of 44,000, which was identical to that obtained for acid-extracted acrosin. Slab-gel electrophoresis under nondenaturing conditions showed only one active band, as revealed with a highly sensitive assay using N alpha-benzyloxycarbonyl-L-lysine thiobenzyl ester as substrate. The radiation inactivation size of acid extracted acrosin was calculated to be 8400. This small unit could represent the active polypeptide portion of a larger monomer molecule or could represent the size of active subunits. Because acrosin is autocatalytic and highly active during fertilization, it is suggested that the active portion of the completely processed form of the enzyme is of small molecular weight.

  7. Expression and localization of acrosin inhibitor in the boar reproductive tract

    Jonáková, Věra; Davidová, Nina; Maňásková, Pavla

    Praha : BTÚ AV ČR, 2008, s. 1-65. [XIV. Symposium českých reprodukčních imunologů s mezinárodní účastí. Žďár nad Sázavou (CZ), 30.05.2008-01.06.2008] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 1M06011; GA ČR(CZ) GA303/06/0895 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50520701 Keywords : acrosin * acrosin inhibitor * boar reproductive tract Subject RIV: DN - Health Impact of the Environment Quality

  8. Fine structure and morphology of sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus L. 1758) spermatozoa and acrosin localization

    Pšenička, M.; Vančová, M.; Koubek, Pavek; Těšitel, J.; Linhart, O.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 111, č. 1 (2009), s. 3-16. ISSN 0378-4320 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA524/06/0817 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50520701 Keywords : Acipenser ruthenus * Acrosome * Acrosin * Morphometric analysis * SEM * TEM Subject RIV: EG - Zoology Impact factor: 1.563, year: 2009

  9. Biochemical studies on proacrosin and acrosin from epididymal boar spermatozoa: in vitro translation of boar testicular proacrosin mRNA

    An inactive form of acrosin was extracted from epididymal boar spermatozoa at an acid pH. When subjected to activation in alkaline environment, this form turns into an enzymatically active species, which exhibits closely related electrophoretic characteristics. Both the precursor and the activated species, when incubated in the presence of thermolysin, give rise to two fast moving acrosin molecular forms. In order to establish the nature of the true acrosin zymogen, poly(A+)-RNA was isolated from boar testicles, performed its translation in vitro in the presence of [35S]-methionine and reticulocyte lysate, immunoprecipitated the translation products with anti-boar acrosin antibody, and analyzed them by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and autoradiography. A single translation product of molecular weight 55,000 was detected

  10. Interactions between zona pellucida glycoproteins and sperm proacrosin/acrosin during fertilization.

    Howes, Liz; Jones, Roy

    2002-01-01

    Fertilization is one of the most specific and carefully regulated cell-cell interactions in the animal body and is determined to a large extent by compatibility between ligand and receptor molecules on the surface of each gamete. On the zona pellucida (ZP), sperm receptor activity is associated with glycoproteins ZP3 (primary receptor for acrosome-intact sperm) and ZP2 (secondary receptor for acrosome-reacted sperm) but their complementary binding proteins on sperm are less well defined. In this communication we review the evidence for proacrosin as a secondary ZP binding protein. Proacrosin/acrosin binds non-enzymically to ZP glycoproteins. Binding is a strong ionic interaction between polysulphate groups on ZP glycoproteins (probably on their carbohydrate moieties) and basic residues on the surface of proacrosin. The stereochemistry of the reactants is crucial and determines to a large extent the affinity of binding. Site-directed mutagenesis and a 3D-structural analysis of boar and ram acrosin have identified 2 clusters of basic residues potentially involved in binding. A polysulphonated anticancer drug, suramin, has been shown to bind strongly to proacrosin/acrosin and to inhibit sperm-egg binding in vitro. In the mouse model, 125I-ZP2 and 3H-suramin bind approximately 65% less effectively to acrosin 'null' sperm than to wild-type sperm. Neither ZP2 nor suramin bind to acrosome intact sperm and can, therefore, only exert their effects after exposure of the acrosomal contents. Overall, this combination of biochemical, genetic and functional data supports the hypothesis that proacrosin is a multifunctional protein with a significant role in retaining acrosome-reacted sperm on the ZP surface long enough to enable ZP penetration to begin. PMID:11730915

  11. Acrosin inhibitors and their regulation by the ubiquitin-proteasome system in boar reproductive tract

    Jonáková, Věra; Yi, Y.J.; Sutovsky, P.; Cozlová, Nina; Postlerová, Pavla

    Hoboken: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology, 2015 - (Mor, G.). s. 18-18 ISSN 1600-0897. [14th International Symposium for Immunology of Reproduction "progress in Reproductive Immunology". 22.05.2015-24.05.2015, Varna] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA14-05547S; GA MŠk(CZ) ED1.1.00/02.0109 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50520701 Institutional support: RVO:86652036 Keywords : acrosin inhibitors * boar reproductive tract * epididymis * ubiquitin-proteasome system Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry

  12. The polysulphate binding domain of human proacrosin/acrosin is involved in both the enzyme activation and spermatozoa-zona pellucida interaction.

    Moreno, R D; Sepúlveda, M S; de Ioannes, A; Barros, C

    1998-02-01

    Mammalian acrosin is a protease present as a zymogen in the acrosome of a non-reacted mammalian sperm, and in vitro is able to carry out limited hydrolysis of homologous and heterologous zonae pellucidae. On the other hand, sulphated polymers and zona pellucida glycoproteins bind to acrosin on a domain different from the active site, named the polysulphate binding domain (PSBD). Thus it is believed that acrosome-reacted spermatozoa bind to glycan chains of the zona pellucida through PSBD participating as secondary binding receptor. The aim of the present work was to study the role of PSBD during both human gamete interaction and acrosin activation. In this work we present evidence that the anti-human acrosin monoclonal antibody C5F10 is directed to an epitope located on or near the PSBD on human proacrosin/acrosin. Moreover, we show that this antibody is able to inhibit both proacrosin activation induced by fucoidan and the sperm binding to the zona pellucida. Our results suggest that the same PSBD is involved in both sperm secondary binding, during zona pellucida penetration, and proacrosin activation. PMID:9652074

  13. Activity of two sperm surface proteins, spermadhesin AQN1 and acrosin inhibitor, is regulated by ubiqutin-proteasome system during porcine fertilization

    Jonáková, Věra; Yi, Y.J.; Sutovsky, P.; Postlerová, Pavla; Pěknicová, Jana

    Newcastle: The Universsity of Newcastle, 2014. [The 12th International SYmposium on Spermatology. 10.08.2014-14.08.2014, Newcastle] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) P503/12/1834; GA MŠk(CZ) CZ.1.05/1.100/02.0109; GA ČR GA14-05547S Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50520701 Keywords : spermadhesin * AQN1 * acrosin inhibitor * ubiquitin * proteasom Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry

  14. The role of ubiquitin–proteasome pathway in the regulation of activity of two sperm surface proteins the aqn1 spermadhesin And the acrosin inhibitor in boar fertilization

    Jonáková, Věra; Postlerová, Pavla; Yi, Y.J.; Sutovsky, P.; Pěknicová, Jana

    Praha: Biotechnologický ústav, 2013 - (Pěknicová, J.). s. 17-18 [XIX. Symposium imunologie a biologie reprodukce s mezinárodní účastí. 23.05.2013-25.05.2013, Třešť] R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP503/12/1834 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50520701 Keywords : Ubiquitin-proteasome pathway * Sperm surface protein * Spermadhesin * Fertilization * Acrosin Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry

  15. The ubiquitin–proteasome system is involved in the regulation of activity of spermadhesin aqn1 and acrosin inhibitor, the two sperm surface proteins, during porcine fertilization

    Jonáková, Věra; Yi, Y.J.; Postlerová, Pavla; Pěknicová, Jana

    Praha: Biotechnologický ústav AVČR, v.v.i, 2014 - (Pěknicová, J.), s. 1-82 [XXth Symposium of Biology and Immunology of Reproduction with international participation. Třešť (CZ), 22.05.2014-24.05.2014] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) P503/12/1834; GA ČR(CZ) P502/14/05547S; GA MŠk(CZ) CZ1.05/1.1.00/02.0109 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50520701 Institutional support: RVO:86652036 Keywords : ubiquitin-proteasome system * acrosin inhibitor * spermadhesin AQN1 Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry

  16. Association between calcium ionophore A23187 induced acrosome reaction rate, total acrosin activity and semen analysis, the outcome of in vitro fertilization%钙离子载体A23187诱发的精子顶体反应率、顶体酶总活性与精液参数及体外受精结局的关系研究

    郭小桥; 余波澜; 周华; 司沙沙; 曹定娅; 刘见桥; 孙筱放

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the association between the calcium ionophore A23187 induced sperm acrosome reaction rate, total acrosin activity and semen parameters and the IVF outcome, and to compare the predictive value for the male fertility and the outcome of IVF between calcium ionophore A23187 induced sperm acrosome reaction rate and sperm total acrosoin activity. Methods Sperm acrosome reaction was induced by calcium ionophore A23187,while sperm acrosin activity was determined by the modified Kennedy method. In this study, 150 cycles of IVF-ET were included, which were divided into Normal semen Group (85 cycles), Teratospermia Group (44 cycles), Asthenozoospermia Group (6 cycles). Compare the association between the calcium ionophore A23187 induced sperm acrosome reaction rate, total acrosin activity and normal morphology sperm percentage, concentration, activity in the 150 cycles and subgroups. Analyze the difference of the sperm acrosome reaction rate and total acrosin activity in Pregnancy Group and Non-pregnancy Group. Use the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve to make out the threshold of the sperm acrosome reaction rate and total acrosin activity for predicting the IVF pregnancy outcomes. Results In this 150 samples, there are no statistically significant differences between sperm acrosome reaction rate and sperm concentration, progressive velocity rate, the percentage of normal sperm morphology, fertility rate, and their related coefficient are respectively as follow:0.120, 0.018, 0.084, 0.054(P>0.05). But the negative correlation is statistically significant different between sperm acrosome reaction rate and teratozoospermia index(r=-0.183, P=0.025). There are significant correlations between sperm acrosin activity and sperm concentration(r=0.172, P0.05) and fertility rate(r=0.039, P>0.05). There are no statistically significant differences between sperm acrosome rate and fertility rate in Normal semen Group(r=-0.039, P>0.05), Teratospermia Group

  17. 血清顶体蛋白酶抗体与精子蛋白17抗体对不孕不育症的临床价值探讨%Investigation on the clinical significance of serum anti-acrosin antibodies and anti-sperm protein 17 antibodies in infertility

    钟志敏; 王维; 莫云丹; 戴卉

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨血清顶体蛋白酶抗体(AcrAb)与精子蛋白17抗体(Sp17Ab)对不孕不育的影响及意义.方法 采用酶联免疫吸附试验(ELISA)检测60例不明原因不孕不育症患者及48名正常生育者(对照组)血清AcrAb、SP17Ab,采用t检验和直线相关分析进行统计.结果 不明原因不孕不育症组男性及女性血清AcrAb分别为(22.39 ±3.15)、(21.02±3.56) U/L,均明显高于对照组男、女性[(11.29 ±2.15)、(10.23±2.12) U/L,P<0.01];不明原因不孕不育症组男性及女性血清Sp17Ab分别为(10.47 ±2.10)、(9.63±2.04) U/L,均高于对照组男、女性[(3.63±1.05)、(3.58±1.03) U/L,P<0.01];男性及女性血清AcrAb和Sp17Ab之间均无相关性[相关系数(r)分别为0.17、0.20,P均>0.05].结论 不明原因不孕不育症患者血清AcrAb及Sp17Ab含量明显高于正常人,且相互独立,可单独或联合检测作为不孕不育症的辅助诊断指标.%Objective To investigate the influence and significance of serum anti-acrosin antibodies (AcrAb) and anti-sperm protein 17 antibodies (Spl7Ab) in infertility. Methods The levels of serum AcrAb and Spl7Ab were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay ( ELISA) in 60 patients with unexplained infertility and 48 healthy subjects (control group). The results were analyzed by t test and straight line related analysis. Results The levels of serum AcrAb in males and females were (22. 39 ±3. 15) and (21. 02 ±3. 56)U/L in the unexplained infertility group, which were significantly higher than those in the control group [ (11.29 ±2. 15) and (10.23 ±2. 12)U/L,P 0.05 ]. Conclusions The levels of serum AcrAb and Spl7Ab in patients with infertility are obviously higher than those in the healthy subjects, and they are independent and can be alone or jointly detected as the indicators of infertility auxiliary diagnosis.

  18. EFFECT OF CRYOPRESERVATION AND THEOPHYLLINE ON MOTILITY CHARACTERISTICS OF LAKE STURGEON (ACIPENSER FULVESCENS) SPERMATOZOA

    Computer-assisted motility analysis (CASA) was used to evaluate the effect of cryopreservation and theophylline treatment on sperm motility of lake sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens).Motility was recorded at 0 and 5 min postactivation.The effect of cryopreservation on sperm acrosin-...

  19. The Activity of Ubiquitin Activating Enzyme UBA1 is Required for Sperm Capacitation, Acrosomal Exocytosis and Sperm-Egg Coat Penetration during Porcine Fertilization

    Yi, Y.-J.; Zimmerman, S.W.; Manandhar, G.; Odhiambo, J.F.; Jonáková, Věra; Sutovsky, M.; Park, C.-S.; Sutovsky, P.

    Milwaukee : Society for the Study of Reproduction, 2010. s. 125. ISSN 0006-3363. [43rd Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Reproduction / "The Intersection between Genetics, Genomics, and Reproductive Biology"/. 30.07.2010-03.08.2010, Milwaukee] Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50520701 Keywords : Ubiquitin * Acrosin-inhibitor * Spermadhesin * Sperm capacitation * Fertilization * Acrosomal exocytosis Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry

  20. Panel of monoclonal antibodies – alternative tool For monitoring of sperm–zona pellucida receptors localization and identification

    Zigo, Michal; Dorosh, Andriy; Pohlová, Alžběta; Jonáková, Věra; Šulc, Miroslav; Maňásková-Postlerová, Pavla

    Praha: Biotechnologický ústav AVČR, v.v.i, 2014, s. 1-82 [XXth Symposium of Biology and Immunology of Reproduction with international participation. Třešť (CZ), 22.05.2014-24.05.2014] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) P503/12/1834; GA ČR(CZ) P502/14/05547S; GA MŠk(CZ) CZ1.05/1.1.00/02.0109 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50520701 Institutional support: RVO:86652036 ; RVO:61388971 Keywords : monoclonal antibody * zona pellucida * acrosin precursor * RAB2A * lactahedrin P47 Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry

  1. Anti-GAPDHS antibodies can inhibit in vitro sperm-oocyte binding

    Dorosh, Andriy; Margaryan, Hasmik; Čapková, Jana; Maňásková-Postlerová, Pavla; Pěknicová, Jana

    Madison: Society for the Study of Reproduction, 2015. s. 212. [48th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of reproduction. 18.06.2015-22.06.2015, San Juan] R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP503/12/1834; GA MŠk(CZ) ED1.1.00/02.0109 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z50520701 Institutional support: RVO:86652036 Keywords : GAPDHS * antibodies * sperm-oocyte binding * acrosin * zona pellucida Subject RIV: CE - Biochemistry

  2. Interactions between mouse ZP2 glycoprotein and proacrosin; a mechanism for secondary binding of sperm to the zona pellucida during fertilization.

    Howes, E; Pascall, J C; Engel, W; Jones, R

    2001-11-01

    The mouse zona pellucida glycoprotein, mZP2, is thought to be the secondary receptor on eggs for retention of acrosome-reacted sperm during fertilization. Here, we present evidence that one of its complementary binding proteins on sperm is proacrosin/acrosin. mZP2 binds to proacrosin null sperm considerably less effectively than to wild-type sperm. Binding is mediated by a strong ionic interaction between polysulphate groups on mZP2 and basic residues on an internal proacrosin peptide. The stereochemistry of both sulphate groups and basic amino acids determines the specificity of binding. Structurally relevant sulphated polymers and suramin, a polysulphonated anticancer drug, compete with mZP2 for complementary binding sites on proacrosin/acrosin in solid-phase binding assays. The same competitors also displace attached sperm from the zona pellucida of eggs in an in vitro fertilization system. This combination of genetic, biochemical and functional data supports the hypothesis that mZP2-proacrosin interactions are important for retention of acrosome-reacted sperm on the egg surface during fertilization. Safe mimetics of suramin have potential as non-steroidal antifertility agents. PMID:11739644

  3. Diisopropyl fluorophosphate labeling of sperm-associated proteinases

    Proteinase inhibitors have been shown to be capable of preventing various aspects of fertilization. Diisopropyl fluorophosphate (DFP) is an irreversible inhibitor of trypsin-like enzymes that is commercially available in a radiolabeled form. The experiments described herein were designed to determine if DFP would prevent sperm function in live, motile sperm and to identify the sperm proteins bound with DFP. DFP at 5 mM concentrations had no observable effect on sperm motility, but inhibited the penetration of zona-free hamster ova by human sperm (5.5%) compared to controls (33.5%). Acid extracts of motile sperm that had been incubated with radiolabeled DFP and collected by the swim-up procedure demonstrated the presence of radiolabeled DFP, and the autoradiography of the sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) gels of these extracts localized the uptake of radiolabeled DFP to proteins in the molecular weight region of the proacrosin-acrosin system. Acid-extracted proteinases from semen samples incubated with DFP demonstrated a concentration-dependent inhibition of both esterolytic hydrolysis of benzoyl-arginine ethyl ester on spectrophotometric analysis and proteolytic activity on gelatin SDS-PAGE zymography. DFP-labeled proteins were precipitated by highly specific antibodies to proacrosin. These results demonstrated that DFP is capable of inhibiting sperm function, and that it associates with the proacrosin-acrosin system in live motile sperm

  4. In Vitro Effect of Cell Phone Radiation on Motility, DNA Fragmentation and Clusterin Gene Expression in Human Sperm

    Adel Zalata

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Use of cellular phones emitting radiofrequency electromagnetic field (RF-EMF has been increased exponentially and become a part of everyday life. This study aimed to investigate the effects of in vitro RF-EMF exposure emitted from cellular phones on sperm motility index, sperm DNA fragmentation and seminal clusterin (CLU gene expression. Materials and Methods: In this prospective study, a total of 124 semen samples were grouped into the following main categories: i. normozoospermia (N, n=26, ii. asthenozoospermia (A, n=32, iii. asthenoteratozoospermia (AT, n=31 and iv. oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT, n=35. The same semen samples were then divided into two portions non-exposed and exposed samples to cell phone radiation for 1 hour. Before and immediately after exposure, both aliquots were subjected to different assessments for sperm motility, acrosin activity, sperm DNA fragmentation and CLU gene expression. Statistical differences were analyzed using paired t student test for comparisons between two sub-groups where pAT>A>N groups, respectively (p<0.05. Conclusion: Cell phone emissions have a negative impact on exposed sperm motility index, sperm acrosin activity, sperm DNA fragmentation and seminal CLU gene expression, especially in OAT cases.

  5. Advancement in biochemical assays in andrology

    Wolf-BernhardSchill; RaftHenkel

    1999-01-01

    Determination of maikers of sperm function, accessory sex gland secretion and silent male genital tract inflammation is of considerable diagnostic value in the evaluation of male infertility. The introduction of biochemical tests into the analysis of male factor has the advantage that standardized assays with a coefficient of variafion characteristic of clinical chemistry are performed, in contrast to biological test systems with a large variability .Biochemical parameters may be used in clinical practice to evaluate the sperm fertitizing capacity (acrosin, aniline blue,ROS), to characterize male accessory sex gland secretinns (fructose, a-glucosidase, PSA), and to identify men with silent genital tract inflammation (elastase, C'3 complement component, coeruloplasmin, IgA, IgG, ROS). (As/an J Androl 1999 Jun; 1: 45-51)

  6. Sperm immobilization activity of Allium sativum L. and other plant extracts

    KausikiChakrabarti; SulagnaPal; AsokK.Bhattacharyya

    2003-01-01

    Aim: To identify possible spermicidal agents through screening a number of edible medicinal plants with antimicrobial activity. Methods: Initial screening was made on the basis of ram cauda epididymal sperm immobiliza-tion immediately after addition of extracts. The most potent extract was selected and was evaluated on both ram and human spermatozoa. To unravel its mode of action several sperm functional tests were carried out, namely viability of cells, hypo-osmotic swelling test for membrane integrity and assays of membrane-bound enzyme 5'-nucleotidase and acrosomal marker enzyme acrosin. Results: The crude aqueous extract of the bulb ofAllium sativum L. Showed the most promising results by instant immobilization of the ram epididymal sperm at 0.25 g/mL and human ejaculated sperm at 0.5 g/mL. Sperm immobilizing effects were irreversible and the factor of the extract responsible for immobilization was thermostable up to 90℃. On boiling at 100℃ for 10 minutes, this activity was markedly reduced. Moreover, this extract was able to cause aggregation of ram sperms into small clusters after 30 minutes of incubation at 37℃. However this property was not found in human spermatozoa. More than 50 % reduction in sperm viability and hypo-osmotic swelling occurred in treated sperm as compared with the controls, indicating the possibility of plasma membrane disintegration which was further supported by the significant reduction in the activity of membrane bound 5''-nucleotidase and acrosomal acrosin. Conclusion: The crude aqueous extract of A. Sativum bulb possesses spermicidal activity in vitro. (Asian J Androl 2003 Jun, 5:131-135 )

  7. 486个人工授精周期精液质量分析%The male factors influencing pregnancy rate of 486 intrauterine insemination cycles

    刘群龙; 付兰; 余昊; 宋博; 钱卫平

    2015-01-01

    目的 通过对宫腔内人工授精临床资料的回顾性分析,探讨男方精液质量与人工授精临床妊娠率的关系.方法 回顾性分析2011年1月至2013年12月在北京大学深圳医院生殖中心行宫腔内人工授精(IUI)助孕治疗的486个周期病例的临床资料.按照WHO第五版精液检查标准进行精液检查,分别按照精子形态率、总活动精子数量、顶体酶活性、女方年龄进行分组,比较各组患者的临床妊娠率.结果 精子形态率、总前向运动精子数量、顶体酶活性等指标的差异在临床妊娠率无差异;女方年龄>35岁组临床妊娠率低于年龄低于35岁组.结论 目前仍认为女方年龄是预测IUI成功率的主要因素,总活动精子数、正常精子形态率、顶体酶活性对人工授精临床妊娠率的预测有一定局限性.%Objectives To analyze the relationship between the semen quality and pregnancy rate of intrauterine insemination by collecting the clinical data of IUI retrospectively.Methods The clinical data of cases who was treated with IUI for 486 cycles in the deparment of Reproductive Medicine Shenzhen hospital of Peking University.Semen samples was analyzed according to the criteria of the 5th edition of the WHO Laboratory Manual for the Examination and Processing of Human Semen (WHO5).All the cases were divided into nomal group and innomal group according to semen samples,the differences of male age,female age,and sperm morphology acrosin activity were compared between the two groups,then the cases were divided into different groups according to the above-mentioned indexes.The differences of pregnancy rates in different groups were compared.Results There is no significiant difference in the sperm morphology,progressive sperm,acrosin activity.the clinical pregnancy rate in female age > 35 years group was significantly lower than that in female age ≤35 years group (P < 0.05).Conclusions Femal age is the important fator to

  8. Sperm Proteases that May Be Involved in the Initiation of Sperm Motility in the Newt, Cynops pyrrhogaster

    Misato Yokoe

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available A protease of sperm in the newt Cynops pyrrhogaster that is released after the acrosome reaction (AR is proposed to lyse the sheet structure on the outer surface of egg jelly and release sperm motility-initiating substance (SMIS. Here, we found that protease activity in the sperm head was potent to widely digest substrates beneath the sperm. The protease activity measured by fluorescein thiocarbamoyl-casein digestion was detected in the supernatant of the sperm after the AR and the activity was inhibited by 4-(2-aminoethyl benzenesulfonyl fluoride (AEBSF, an inhibitor for serine or cysteine protease, suggesting the release of serine and/or cysteine proteases by AR. In an in silico analysis of the testes, acrosins and 20S proteasome were identified as possible candidates of the acrosomal proteases. We also detected another AEBSF-sensitive protease activity on the sperm surface. Fluorescence staining with AlexaFluor 488-labeled AEBSF revealed a cysteine protease in the principal piece; it is localized in the joint region between the axial rod and undulating membrane, which includes an axoneme and produces powerful undulation of the membrane for forward sperm motility. These results indicate that AEBSF-sensitive proteases in the acrosome and principal piece may participate in the initiation of sperm motility on the surface of egg jelly.

  9. Site-directed mutagenesis of boar proacrosin reveals residues involved in binding of zona pellucida glycoproteins.

    Jansen, S; Jones, R; Jenneckens, I; Marschall, B; Kriegesmann, B; Coadwell, J; Brenig, B

    1998-10-01

    Proacrosin, the zymogen form of the serine protease beta-acrosin, is thought to function as a secondary binding molecule between mammalian gametes during fertilization (Jansen et al., 1995: Int J Dev Biol 39, 501-510). The interaction involves strong ionic bonds between positively charged amino acids on proacrosin and negatively charged polysulphate groups on zona pellucida glycoproteins. In this investigation, we identified the basic residues on proacrosin that are important for this binding. Site-directed mutagenesis shows that two groups of amino acids comprising His47, Arg50, and Arg51 together with Arg250, Lys252, and Arg253 are crucial because their deletion or replacement severely reduces affinity for zona glycoproteins. Molecular models of proacrosin reveal that these residues are located along one face of the protein on two exposed surface loops that project over and around the catalytic site. These findings support the hypothesis that polysulphate binding sites on proacrosin are formed by a restricted number of basic amino acids on the surface of the protein, presenting a specific orientation that is complementary to negatively charged sulphate groups on zona glycoproteins. Identification and elucidation of the stereochemistry of these charged moieties will aid design of new kinds of nonsteroidal antifertility agents. PMID:9740326

  10. Application of three-dimensional culture systems to study mammalian spermatogenesis, with an emphasis on the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta).

    Huleihel, Mahmoud; Nourashrafeddin, Seyedmehdi; Plant, Tony M

    2015-01-01

    In vitro culture of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) has generally been performed using two-dimensional (2D) culture systems; however, such cultures have not led to the development of complete spermatogenesis. It seems that 2D systems do not replicate optimal conditions of the seminiferous tubules (including those generated by the SSC niche) and necessary for spermatogenesis. Recently, one of our laboratories has been able to induce proliferation and differentiation of mouse testicular germ cells to meiotic and postmeiotic stages including generation of sperm in a 3D soft agar culture system (SACS) and a 3D methylcellulose culture system (MCS). It was suggested that SACS and MCS form a special 3D microenvironment that mimics germ cell niche formation in the seminiferous tubules, and thus permits mouse spermatogenesis in vitro. In this review, we (1) provide a brief overview of the differences in spermatogenesis in rodents and primates, (2) summarize data related to attempts to generate sperm in vitro, (3) report for the first time formation of colonies/clusters of cells and differentiation of meiotic (expression of CREM-1) and postmeiotic (expression of acrosin) germ cells from undifferentiated spermatogonia isolated from the testis of prepubertal rhesus monkeys and cultured in SACS and MCS, and (4) indicate research needed to optimize 3D systems for in vitro primate spermatogenesis and for possible future application to man. PMID:26067870

  11. Application of three-dimensional culture systems to study mammalian spermatogenesis, with an emphasis on the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta

    Mahmoud Huleihel

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In vitro culture of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs has generally been performed using two-dimensional (2D culture systems; however, such cultures have not led to the development of complete spermatogenesis. It seems that 2D systems do not replicate optimal conditions of the seminiferous tubules (including those generated by the SSC niche and necessary for spermatogenesis. Recently, one of our laboratories has been able to induce proliferation and differentiation of mouse testicular germ cells to meiotic and postmeiotic stages including generation of sperm in a 3D soft agar culture system (SACS and a 3D methylcellulose culture system (MCS. It was suggested that SACS and MCS form a special 3D microenvironment that mimics germ cell niche formation in the seminiferous tubules, and thus permits mouse spermatogenesis in vitro. In this review, we (1 provide a brief overview of the differences in spermatogenesis in rodents and primates, (2 summarize data related to attempts to generate sperm in vitro, (3 report for the first time formation of colonies/clusters of cells and differentiation of meiotic (expression of CREM-1 and postmeiotic (expression of acrosin germ cells from undifferentiated spermatogonia isolated from the testis of prepubertal rhesus monkeys and cultured in SACS and MCS, and (4 indicate research needed to optimize 3D systems for in vitroprimate spermatogenesis and for possible future application to man.

  12. Spermicidal action of a protein isolated from ethanolic root extracts of Achyranthes aspera: an in vitro study.

    Anuja, M M; Nithya, R S; Swathy, S S; Rajamanickam, C; Indira, M

    2011-06-15

    A previous study conducted in our department, showed that 50% ethanolic extract of the roots of Achyranthes aspera possess spermatotoxic effects. Preliminary studies also revealed that the active principle may be a protein. In this study a 58 kDa Achyranthes protein (Ap) was isolated from Achyranthes aspera using standard protocols and their effects on the rat sperm was studied in vitro in comparison with nonoxynol-9 (N-9). The sperm immobilization studies showed that about 150 μg of Ap was able to immobilize sperms completely within seconds at a lower concentration than N-9 (250 μg). The sperm revival test revealed that the spermicidal effect was irreversible. There was also a significant reduction in sperm viability and hypo-osmotic swelling in the Ap-treated and N-9 treated groups in comparison to the control. In the Ap and N-9 treated groups the number of acrosome reacted cells were found to be high and it also caused agglutination of the sperms indicating the loss of intactness of the plasma membrane which was further supported by the significant reduction in the activity of membrane bound 5' nucleotidase and acrosin enzyme. Hence this study showed that the protein isolated from the roots of Achyranthes aspera possess spermicidal activity in vitro and can act as a spermicide similar to that of nonoxynol 9. Ap also possessed spermicidal activity against human sperms in vitro. PMID:21306884

  13. Rat sperm immobilisation effects of a protein from Ricinus communis (Linn.): an in vitro comparative study with nonoxynol-9.

    Nithya, R S; Anuja, M M; Rajamanickam, C; Indira, M

    2012-12-01

    Previous study conducted in our department showed that 50% ethanolic extract of the root of Ricinus communis possess reversible antifertility effect and a 62-kDa protein (Rp) from this extract is responsible for the antifertility effects. In this study, we compared the spermicidal effect of this Rp with nonoxynol-9 (N-9) in vitro. The sperm immobilisation studies showed that 100 μg ml(-1) of Rp was able to immobilise the sperms completely within 30 s. Sperm revival test revealed that the spermicidal effect was irreversible. There was also a significant reduction in sperm viability and hypo-osmotic swelling in Rp and N-9 treated groups in comparison with the control. In Rp and N-9 treated groups, the number of acrosome-reacted cells was found to be high and also caused agglutination of the spermatozoa, indicating the loss of intactness of the plasma membrane, which was further supported by the significant reduction in the activity of membrane bound 5'-nucleotidase, acrosomal acrosin. In short, the protein Rp possesses spermicidal activity in vitro and its effects are similar to that of nonoxynol 9. PMID:22486240

  14. The human acrosome reaction

    H.W.G.Baker; D.Y.Liu; C.Garrett; M.Martic

    2000-01-01

    We developed tests of sperm-oocyte interaction: sperm-zona binding, zona-induced acrosome reaction, spermzona penetration and sperm-oolemma binding, using oocytes which failed to fertilise in clinical in vitro fertilization (IVF). Although oocyte defects contribute to failure of sperm oocyte interaction, rarely are all oocytes from one woman affected. Low or zero fertilization in standard IVFwas usually caused by sperm abnormalities. Poor sperm-zona pellucida binding was frequently associated with failure of standard IVF and obvious defects of sperm motility or morphology. The size and shape of the acrosome is particularly important for sperm binding to the oocyte. The proportion of acrosome intact sperm in the insemination medium was related to the IVF rate. Inducing the acrosome reaction with a calcium ionophore reduced sperm-zona binding. Blocking acrosome dispersal with an acrosin inhibitor prevented spermzona penetration. Sperm-zona penetration was even more highly related to IVF rates than was sperm-zona binding. Some patients had low or zero fertilization rates with standard IVF but normal sperm by conventional tests and normal sperm-zona binding. Few of their sperm underwent the acrosome reaction on the surface of the zona and none penetrated the zona. In contrast, fertilization and pregnancy rates were high with intracytoplasmic sperm injection. We call thiscondition defective zona pellucida induced acrosome reaction. Discovery of the nature of the abnormalities in the signal transduction and effector pathways of the human zona pellucida induced acrosome reaction should result in simpler tests and treatments for the patients and also provide new leads for contraceptive development.

  15. Evaluation of spermicidal activity of MI-saponin A.

    Saha, P; Majumdar, S; Pal, D; Pal, B C; Kabir, S N

    2010-05-01

    The seed extracts of Madhuca latifolia were reported to have spermicidal activity. The current investigation identified the spermicidal component of the extracts and evaluated its spermicidal potential in vitro. As characterized by infrared, mass, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectral analyses, Mi-saponin A (MSA) was found to be the most potent component among a mixture of saponins. The mean effective concentrations of MSA that induced irreversible immobilization were 320 microg/mL for rat and 500 microg/mL for human sperm, as against the respective concentrations of 350 and 550 microg/mL of nonoxynol 9 (N-9). The mode of spermicidal action was evaluated by a battery of tests including (a) double fluoroprobe staining for sperm viability, (b) hypoosmotic swelling test and, assays for 5' nucleotidase and acrosin for physiological integrity of sperm plasma membrane, (c) scanning and transmission electron microscopy for sperm membrane ultrastructure, and (d) plasma membrane lipid peroxidation (LPO). The observations, taken together, were interpreted to mean that the spermicidal effect of MSA involved increased membrane LPO leading to structural and functional disintegration of sperm plasma membrane and acrosomal vesicle. A comparative in vitro cytotoxicity study in human vaginal keratocyte (Vk2/E6E7) and endocervical (End/E6E7) cell lines demonstrated that the 50% cell cytotoxicity (CC(50)) values, and consequently the safety indices, for MSA were >or= 8-fold higher as compared to those of N-9. In conclusion, MSA is a potent spermicidal molecule that may be explored further for its suitability as an effective component of vaginal contraceptive. PMID:20220105

  16. Testicular cell-conditioned medium supports embryonic stem cell differentiation toward germ lineage and to spermatocyte- and oocyte-like cells.

    Shah, Syed M; Saini, Neha; Singh, Manoj K; Manik, Radheysham; Singla, Suresh K; Palta, Prabhat; Chauhan, Manmohan S

    2016-08-01

    Testicular cells are believed to secrete various growth factors that activate signaling pathways finally leading to gametogenesis. In vitro gametogenesis is an obscure but paramountly important task primarily because of paucity of the precursor cells and first trimester gonadal tissues. To overcome these limitations for development of in vitro gametes, the present study was designed to induce differentiation of buffalo embryonic stem (ES) cells into germ lineage cells on stimulation by testicular cell-conditioned medium (TCM), on the basis of the assumption that ES cells have the intrinsic property to differentiate into any cell type and TCM would provide the necessary growth factors for differentiation toward germ cell lineage. For this purpose, buffalo ES cells were differentiated as embryoid bodies (EB) in floating cultures and as monolayer adherent cultures in different doses (10%, 20%, and 40%) of TCM for different culture intervals (4, 8, and 14 days), to identify the optimum dose-and-time period. We observed that 40% TCM dose induces highest expression of primordial germ cell-specific (DAZL, VASA, and PLZF), meiotic (SYCP3, MLH1, TNP1/2, and PRM2), spermatocyte-specific (BOULE and TEKT1), and oocyte-specific genes (GDF9 and ZP2/3) for a culture period of 14 days under both floating and adherent differentiation. Immunocytochemical analysis of EBs and adherent cultures revealed presence of primordial germ cell markers (c-KIT, DAZL, and VASA), meiotic markers (SYCP3, MLH1 and PROTAMINE1), spermatocyte markers (ACROSIN and HAPRIN), and oocyte markers (GDF9 and ZP4), indicating progression into post-meiotic gametogenesis. The detection of germ cell-specific proteins in Day 14 EBs like VASA, GDF9, and ZP4 by Western blotting further confirmed germ lineage differentiation. The significantly lower (P propagation, augmentation of reproductive performance in poor breeding buffalo species, and as a model for understanding human germ cell formation. PMID:27056417

  17. [Topical contraceptives].

    Alipov, V I; Korkhov, V V

    1982-02-01

    Recently there has been little interest in topical contraceptives. The most popular are the cervical cap and the diaphragm. Other types of mechanical contraceptive devices are being investigated. Standley and Kessler have developed a device for introduction into the cervical canal with a reservoir of spermatocide, it does not block the flow of blood during menstruation. New models of vaginal rings are also being developed which are simple enough for self-insertion and also contain a reservoir of spermatocide. Work is being done on spermatocide-containing sponges in many countries. Another project being investigated is the possibility of using natural proteins, collagens, and other substances which absorb spermatozoids. The ancients used various vaginal suppositories to kill spermatozoids; in the late 19th century quinine sulfate was used for this, and a variety of substances have been used recently. These spermicidal creams also have the advantage of acting as anti-infectious agents in many cases. But they do have some negative effects. They are about 85% effective, are local irritants, and some cause discomfort during intercourse. And it is possible that some are resorbed by the body and act on the liver and other organs. Vaginal globules and suppositories are also popular. The "Kontraceptin-T" brand contains quinosol, boric acid, and tannin. There are also foaming tablets which are mixed with water and then introduced. New locally-active chemical substances are being developed in Japan, West Germany, and the USSR. Kontraceptin-E contains paranonyl-phenoxypolyethylene glycol and sodium dioctylsulfosuccinate. The "Norforks" and other preparations contain mercurial compounds which may turn out to be harmful. The future promises the development of products which will act to prevent fertilization by acting on the hyaluronidase and the acrosine of the spermatozoid, thus preventing it from penetrating the ovum. It would be best to find enzyme inhibitors which are

  18. Effect of transient scrotal hyperthermia on sperm parameters, seminal plasma biochemical markers, and oxidative stress in men

    Meng Rao

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this experimental prospective study, we aimed to analyze the effect of transient scrotal hyperthermia on the male reproductive organs, from the perspective of sperm parameters, semen plasma biochemical markers, and oxidative stress, to evaluate whether different frequencies of heat exposure cause different degrees of damage to spermatogenesis. Two groups of volunteers (10 per group received testicular warming in a 43°C water bath 10 times, for 30 min each time: group 1: 10 consecutive days; group 2: once every 3 days. Sperm parameters, epididymis and accessory sex gland function, semen plasma oxidative stress and serum sex hormones were tested before treatment and in the 16-week recovery period after treatment. At last, we found an obvious reversible decrease in sperm concentration (P = 0.005 for Group 1 and P= 0.008 for Group 2 when the minimums were compared with baseline levels, the same below, motility (P = 0.009 and 0.021, respectively, the hypoosmotic swelling test score (P = 0.007 and 0.008, respectively, total acrosin activity (P = 0.018 and 0.009, respectively, and an increase in the seminal plasma malondialdehyde concentration (P = 0.005 and 0.017, respectively. The decrease of sperm concentration was greater for Group 2 than for Group 1 (P = 0.031. We concluded that transient scrotal hyperthermia seriously, but reversibly, negatively affected the spermatogenesis, oxidative stress may be involved in this process. In addition, intermittent heat exposure more seriously suppresses the spermatogenesis compared to consecutive heat exposure. This may be indicative for clinical infertility etiology analysis and the design of contraceptive methods based on heat stress.

  19. In vitro differentiation of rat spermatogonia into round spermatids in tissue culture

    Reda, A.; Hou, M.; Winton, T.R.; Chapin, R.E.; Söder, O.; Stukenborg, J.-B.

    2016-01-01

    STUDY QUESTION Do the organ culture conditions, previously defined for in vitro murine male germ cell differentiation, also result in differentiation of rat spermatogonia into post-meiotic germ cells exhibiting specific markers for haploid germ cells? SUMMARY ANSWER We demonstrated the differentiation of rat spermatogonia into post-meiotic cells in vitro, with emphasis on exhibiting, protein markers described for round spermatids. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY Full spermatogenesis in vitro from immature germ cells using an organ culture technique in mice was first reported 5 years ago. However, no studies reporting the differentiation of rat spermatogonia into post-meiotic germ cells exhibiting the characteristic protein expression profile or into functional sperm have been reported. STUDY DESIGN, SAMPLES/MATERIALS, METHODS Organ culture of testicular fragments of 5 days postpartum (dpp) neonatal rats was performed for up to 52 days. Evaluation of microscopic morphology, testosterone levels, mRNA and protein expression as measured by RT-qPCR and immunostaining were conducted to monitor germ cell differentiation in vitro. Potential effects of melatonin, Glutamax® medium, retinoic acid and the presence of epidydimal fat tissue on the spermatogenic process were evaluated. A minimum of three biological replicates were performed for all experiments presented in this study. One-way ANOVA, ANOVA on ranks and student's t-test were applied to perform the statistical analysis. MAIN RESULTS AND THE ROLE OF CHANCE Male germ cells, present in testicular tissue pieces grown from 5 dpp rats, exhibited positive protein expression for Acrosin and Crem (cAMP (cyclic adenosine mono phosphate) response element modulator) after 52 days of culture in vitro. Intra-testicular testosterone production could be observed after 3 days of culture, while when epididymal fat tissue was added, spontaneous contractility of cultured seminiferous tubules could be observed after 21 days. However, no

  20. The Influence of Sperm DNA Damage on Test Tube Baby Help Pregnant Outcome%精子 DNA 损伤对试管婴儿助孕结局的影响

    张雪

    2015-01-01

    Objective:Detection of DNA damage of sperm,the assessment of the sperm quality and then explore the in-fluence of sperm DNA damage on test tube baby help pregnant outcome.Methods:We collect 68 patients who turn to help for test tube baby assisted reproductive technology from January 201 1 to December 2014 in our hospital.The 68 patients were in accordance with the relevant provisions which the ministry of health on the revision of 《human assisted reproductive technology and human sperm bank relevant technical standards,basic standards and ethical principles》,for men,there are not serve oligozoospermia or obstructive azoospermia.According to the DNA damage of sperm into sperm DNA damage group(sperm DNA damage rate ≥ 30%)and normal group (sperm DNA damage rate < 30%). Through a variety of means testing,get the acrosin activity of the 68 cases of male sperm as well as the sperm concen-tration,sperm activity,invitro fertilization rate,the percentage of normal sperm morphology,good quality embryo rate and live birth rate,deformity rate,pregnancy outcome and other indexes of results.Then observe and compare the a-bove indexes between the two groups.Results:The test results of injury group were less than the normal group.The a-bortion rate of the normal group compared to the abortion of the injury group does not have statistical significance. Conclusion:The integrity of the sperm will affect the fertilization ability,so the detection outcome of the sperm DNA damage rate of test tube baby help pregnancy success rate has certain influence.%目的::检测精子 DNA 损伤情况,评估精子的质量,进而探究精子 DNA 损伤对试管婴儿助孕结局的影响。方法:以2011年1月—2014年12月在我院进行试管婴儿辅助生殖技术的其中68例患者为例,均符合《卫生部关于修订人类辅助生殖技术与人类精子库相关技术规范、基本标准和伦理原则的通知》的相关规定,男性均不存在严重少精症