WorldWideScience

Sample records for acque destinate al

  1. Analytical methods for drinking water; Metodi di analisi per le acque destinate al consumo umano

    Ottaviani, Massimo; Bonadonna, Lucia [Istituto Superiore di Sanita`, Rome (Italy). Lab. di Igiene Ambientale

    1997-03-01

    These analytical methods for drinking water were elaborated by the second Sub-commission of the Permanent study committee ex-article 9 of Italian Ministerial Decree (DM) of March 26, 1991, established at the Ministry of Health. The methods concern the chemical and microbiological parameters included in the C1, C2 and C3 controls of the Annex II of the Decree of the President of the Republic (DPR) 236/88.

  2. Hygienic and health aspects of drinking water; Aspetti igienico-sanitari delle acque destinate al consumo umano

    Funari, Enzo; Ottaviani, Massimo [Istituto Superiore di Sanita`, Rome (Italy). Lab. di Igiene Ambientale

    1997-03-01

    The quality of drinking water is a rather complex issue and involves various disciplines. To adequately treat this problem, it is necessary to use an integrated approach. The normative aspects of the problem of drinking water are reported, indicating the perspectives included in the recent EEC proposal. Some of the main aspects of the risk to human health associated with the possible exposure, through drinking water, to chemical substances (carcinogenic and non carcinogenic), and biological agents (bacteria, viruses, algae, micro and macro invertebrates) are presented. Finally, some aspects of risk management are examined in order to indicate the preventive and control measures necessary to ensure the quality of drinking water (abstraction techniques, treatment processes, protection of groundwater).

  3. Possible nematode presence in italian drinking waters; La diffusione del problema nematodi in acque italiane destinate al consumo umano

    Volterra, L.; Aulicino, F.; Bernabei, S.; Mancini, L. [Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome (Italy)

    1996-09-01

    A programme on possible nematode presence in drinking waters was carried out in the framework of a collaboration with Sanitary Control Local Units and drinking water management and distribution laboratories. This paper refers results of water samples collected from 14 of these collaborating groups. Nematodes have been detected in about 80% of the analyzed samples notwithstanding the prevalence of groundwaters utilized as drinking water. The discussion reports suggestions about the hygienic judgment and the sanitary significance of this presence.

  4. Water quality and MTBE water pollution; Evidenze di presenza di MTBE sulle acque sotterranee di aree a rischio

    Buiatti, M.; Mascini, M.; Monanni, R. [Florence Univ., Florence (Italy). Centro Interdipartimentale Biotecnologie Agrarie Chimiche Industriali; Agati, L.; Bartoli, C.; Bolletti, P.; Cortonesi, B.; Martinelli, L. [Agenzia Regionale per la Protezione dell' Ambiente della Toscana, Florence (Italy); Filipponi, M.; Piangoloni, A. [Nuove Acque SpA,, Arezzo (Italy); Mancini, G. [Autorita' di ambito territoriale ottimale n.4, Arezzo (Italy)

    2001-11-01

    The research project, here presented, was defined with the aim of evaluating the eventual presence of MTBE and the possible relative impact in water destined to human use; the territorial valence of the project was extended to the competence region n. 4 of the Tuscany water authority (AATO n. 4). University of Florence, ARPAT, AATO n. 4 and Nuove Acque SpA, in this role of manager for the integrated water cycle in the country, have productively contributed to the project. [Italian] La Nuove Acque SpA, soggetto gestore del ciclo idrico integrato, l'Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, l'Agenzia Regionale per la Protezione Ambientale e l'Autorita' di Ambito Territoriale hanno realizzato un progetto di verifica e messa a punto delle metodologie analitiche per il monitoraggio delle eventuali presenze di MTBE nelle acque, con particolare riferimento agli acquiferi sotterranei.

  5. Groundwater pollution with particular reference to the Italian situation; Inquinamento delle acque sotterranee con riferimento particolare alla situazione italiana

    Volterra, L. [Istituto Superiore di Sanita' , Rome (Italy)

    2000-01-01

    Italian groundwaters recharged under karstic soils, alluvional plains and volcanic areas are highly vulnerable. Microbial and biological contamination generally afflict mountain waters. Fertilisers and pesticides are typical pollutants of aquifers located under intensively cultivated soils. Hydrocarbons and solvent may pollute groundwaters situated under urban settlements, industrialised areas and highways. Many Italian groundwaters are naturally enriched with Radon. This will represent the emergent problem for Italian groundwaters destined to human consumption. [Italian] Le acque sotterranee italiane che si formano sotto suoli calcarei, pianure alluvionali e territori vulcanici fessurati sono assai vulnerabili. L'inquinamento microbiologico e biologico interessa per lo piu' le acque che scaturiscono in zone montane. L'inquinamento da fertilizzanti e pesticidi e' tipico degli acquiferi che si caricano sotto suoli intensivamente sfruttati sotto il profilo agricolo. Idrocarburi e solventi sono i contaminanti che si possono trovare in falde di aree densamente popolate e con alta intensita' di traffico. In futuro il problema emergente sara' il Radon di cui sono naturalmente arricchite molte delle acque sotterranee italiane.

  6. La gestione ecosostenibile delle acque: ruolo dell'università come consultente istituzionale

    Pavanelli, Donatella; Zamboni, Nicoletta

    2016-01-01

    La legge quadro 183 dell'89 presenta l'aspetto innovativo di avere, con la creazione delle Autorità di Bacino, collocato all'interno dei confini naturali del bacino idrografico gli ambiti della gestione delle acque, collegando fra loro la difesa del suolo, la difesa dalle acque e delle acque e gli usi. Tuttavia numerosi altri enti istituzionali sono coinvolti nella gestione e pianificazione delle acque, ricordiamone i principali: i Consorzi di bonifica, il Canale Emiliano Romagnolo, l'ARPA, i...

  7. Antonio Mollari, ingegnere in capo di Acque e Strade: disegni tecnici e progetti (1818-1819

    Orietta Verdi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Nei fondi conservati all’Archivio di Stato di Roma sono stati rintracciati più di 20 disegni di opere stradali e idrauliche di Antonio Mollari, oltre al suo curriculum vitae alla data del 1817, quando egli produsse i suoi titoli per partecipare alla selezione dei candidati per i posti di ingegnere pontificio, presso la Direzione Generale di Acque e Strade. Dai disegni firmati da Antonio Mollari e dalla documentazione conservata nel fondo del Consiglio d’Arte, organo consultivo della Direzione Generale, si può tentare di ricostruire brani sconosciuti della sua attività di perito di parte nelle controversie tra confinanti e soprattutto è possibile individuare le opere da lui progettate ed eseguite nella sua breve e intermittente carriera (1818-1819 di ingegnere in capo di Acque e Strade nella delegazione di Urbino e Pesaro e successivamente come ingegnere camerale nella legazione di Ravenna.In the funds retained in the State Archive of Rome, more than 20 designs of roads and hydraulic works by Antonio Mollari were discovered in addition to his curriculum vitae, dated 1817, where he lists his credentials to take part in the selection for the position of papal engineer at the General Directorate of Water and Roads. The drawings, signed by Antonio Mollari, and the records kept in the Found of the Council of Art, advisory body of the General Directorate, allow us to reconstruct his activities as expert witness in disputes between neighbours and especially to identify the works he designed and carried out in his short career (1818-1819 as engineer-in-chief of Water and Roads in the delegation of Urbino and Pesaro and later as an engineer chamber in the legation of Ravenna. 

  8. Destination Image and Destination Personality

    Hosany, S; Ekinci, Y; M Uysal

    2007-01-01

    This article investigates the relationship between brand image and brand personality. In the generic marketing literature, several theoretical frameworks exist to understand brand image and brand personality but still, much confusion surrounds the nature of the relationship between the two constructs. Drawing on the findings of two studies and using tourism destinations as a setting, this article contributes to this long-standing debate. Results indicate that destination image and destination...

  9. Coastal waters eutrophication in Emilia-Romagna region; Eutrofizzazione delle acque costiere dell'Emilia-Romagna. Rapporto 1999

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    During the first months of the year in the whole coastal area it was observed the recurring blooms of Diatom Skeletonema costatum. During 1999 the trophic index (TRIX) showed an increasing in comparison with the decreasing trend of the last 3 years. Hypoxia/anoxia affected the bottom waters in november: an important role was played by big amounts of river drifts deposited and by thermal stratification. These events locally created environmental problems like death of a number of the less mobile benthic sea-bed organisms such as mollusks. In summer local abnormal presence of macro algae occurred several times. The mucilaginous material was very poor and it was in floc-shaped in the deep waters of the offshore areas. [Italian] Nei primi mesi dell'anno in tutta l'area costiera si sono avute ricorrenti fioriture della Diatomea Skeletonema costatum. Nel 1999 l'Indice Trofico (TRIX) ha segnato un incremento rispetto al trend di diminuzione degli indici registrati negli ultimi 3 anni. Condizioni di anossia si sono avute a fine novembre nell'area settentrionale, determinate da consistenti apporti fluviali e da marcate stratificazioni saline sulla verticale con isolamento prolungato delle acque di fondo. I conseguenti effetti sull'ecosistema bentonico sono stati per lo piu' localizzati ed hanno riguardato organismi poco mobili come i molluschi in particolare il bivalve Chamaelea gallina. Episodi di proliferazione di macroalghe si sono verificati piu' volte nel periodo estivo. Scarsa la presenza di materiale mucillaginoso che si e' presentato con conformazioni a fiocchi nelle acque di fondo nelle stazioni al largo.

  10. Regards sur le Moyen Âge : le cinéma arabe à la recherche d’al-Andalus : Le Destin, de Youssef Chahine

    Abdelmajid Babakhouya

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available À travers son film Le Destin (1997 et le portrait d'Averroès (ibn Rushd, grand juge, philosophe et conseiller du calife al-Mansur, le réalisateur égyptien Youssef Chahine (1926-2008, évoque l'Andalousie du XIIe siècle et plus particulièrement la ville de Cordoue, capitale des Almohades et lieu d'affrontements entre extrémistes musulmans et savants soucieux de la diffusion des connaissances. Le recours au Moyen Âge est, pour le réalisateur, un moyen de «mieux saisir la complexité du présent ».

  11. Destination: Geology?

    Price, Louise

    2016-04-01

    "While we teach, we learn" (Roman philosopher Seneca) One of the most beneficial ways to remember a theory or concept is to explain it to someone else. The offer of fieldwork and visits to exciting destinations is arguably the easiest way to spark a students' interest in any subject. Geology at A-Level (age 16-18) in the United Kingdom incorporates significant elements of field studies into the curriculum with many students choosing the subject on this basis and it being a key factor in consolidating student knowledge and understanding. Geology maintains a healthy annual enrollment with interest in the subject increasing in recent years. However, it is important for educators not to loose sight of the importance of recruitment and retention of students. Recent flexibility in the subject content of the UK curriculum in secondary schools has provided an opportunity to teach the basic principles of the subject to our younger students and fieldwork provides a valuable opportunity to engage with these students in the promotion of the subject. Promotion of the subject is typically devolved to senior students at Hessle High School and Sixth Form College, drawing on their personal experiences to engage younger students. Prospective students are excited to learn from a guest speaker, so why not use our most senior students to engage and promote the subject rather than their normal subject teacher? A-Level geology students embarking on fieldwork abroad, understand their additional responsibility to promote the subject and share their understanding of the field visit. They will typically produce a series of lessons and activities for younger students using their newly acquired knowledge. Senior students also present to whole year groups in seminars, sharing knowledge of the location's geology and raising awareness of the exciting destinations offered by geology. Geology fieldwork is always planned, organised and led by the member of staff to keep costs low, with recent visits

  12. Advancing Destination Image

    Kock, Florian; Josiassen, Alexander; Assaf, A. George

    2016-01-01

    Knowledge of the mental representations that individuals hold about tourist destinations are important to understand their intentions. These mental destination representations have often been investigated by applying the concept of destination image. This study argues that the extant literature is...

  13. Destination Marketing and Management

    Kocková, Jitka

    2009-01-01

    Work presents the theoretical aspects of destination management and marketing. It defines the destination management and sustainable development of tourism. The work is applied to destination management and destination marketing in region Sokolovsko. For this destiaci is proposed marketing strategy and marketing mix.

  14. Rethinking Destination Image

    Josiassen, Alexander; Kock, Florian; Assaf, Albert G.;

    A central research question in tourism management concerns tourist’s choice of specific destinations. The present article reviews the extant literature on destination image. From this review we suggest that individuals have a multitude of destination associations – the total imagery which relates...... to the destination and label this concept destination imagery. Individuals also hold an overall image used as a heuristic or a mental short-cut which is labeled destination image. The concepts of destination imagery and destination image are distinct, yet they have often been conflated within the...... literature. The article further provides an extensive review of the literature with regard to the definitions, dimensionality, antecedents, and outcomes of the focal concepts as well as geographical scope of destination imagery and image studies and methodologies. This review has led to a novel understanding...

  15. TOURIST DESTINATION MANAGEMENT

    Karmen Andrea MEZEI

    2009-01-01

    Tourism development has environmental and social consequences upon local and global communities. The impact of tourism must be kept within certain limits which are set up by sustainable tourism. Meanwhile the viability of the investment must be assured. Tourism development matrix is the tourist destination. Destination management must ensure the balance between economic, social, cultural, and environmental activities. Competitive destination management organization means a harmonious combinat...

  16. Unmanageable Tourism Destination Brands?

    Blichfeldt, Bodil Stilling

    2003-01-01

    Increasingly researchers and practitioners adopt branding to build and manage tourism destination images. However, we have yet to ask the question: Is it pos-sible to build and/or manage destination brands? This crucial question is ad-dressed by means of: (1) recourse to the origins of branding; (2) explication of fundamental differences between such origins and destinations; and (3) e-xemplification by means of resident-tourist interactions. The answer offered by this paper is that destinati...

  17. Destination Personality: An Application of Brand Personality to Tourism Destinations

    Ekinci, Yuksel; Hosany, Sameer

    2006-01-01

    In an increasingly competitive tourism market place, destination marketers face the challenge of attracting tourists through destination branding and destination personality building practices. As places become substitutable, destination personality, defined as the set of human characteristics associated with a destination, is seen as a viable metaphor for crafting a destination’s unique identity. At the conceptual level, the importance of destination personality has been widely acknowledged,...

  18. TOURIST DESTINATION MANAGEMENT

    Karmen Andrea MEZEI

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism development has environmental and social consequences upon local and global communities. The impact of tourism must be kept within certain limits which are set up by sustainable tourism. Meanwhile the viability of the investment must be assured. Tourism development matrix is the tourist destination. Destination management must ensure the balance between economic, social, cultural, and environmental activities. Competitive destination management organization means a harmonious combination between planning, lobby, coordination and marketing (promotion. The recommendation of an integrated meta plan for Romanian balneal spa could be the choice for a successful tourism development.

  19. Destination image, image at destination. Methodological aspects

    Pablo Díaz-Rodríguez; Agustín Santana-Talavera; Alberto Jonay Rodríguez-Darias

    2013-01-01

    Today, the part played by the image in the development of tourism, and, specially, as a differentiation element of a destination area is widely acknowledged. This is reflected to a great extent in the literature that focuses its interest on identifying the variables that motivate the purchase or stimulate the decision process. However, the reference to feedback processes or image control mechanisms as well as their creation, is surprising. An approach model to these processes will be exposed ...

  20. Monitoraggio satellitare della qualità delle acque dei mari toscani: l’attività del progetto MOMAR

    C. Lapucci; Maselli, F.; Brandini, C.; L. Massi; Nuccio, C. De; A. Ortolani; Gozzini, B.; F. POLONELLI

    2012-01-01

    Nell’ambito del progetto MOMAR l’attività di monitoraggio satellitare ha previsto la messa a punto di un sistema semioperativo di valutazione della qualità delle acque dei mari Ligure e Tirreno antistanti la Toscana, basato sulle concentrazioni della biomassa fitoplanctonica, stimata mediante la concentrazione della clorofilla (Chl), della sostanza organica disciolta cromoforica (CDOM) e del materiale particellato non fitoplanctonico (NAP).In particolare è stata valutata la stima della Chl...

  1. TOURISM MANAGEMENT AND DESTINATION IMAGE

    Amit Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Destination marketing is the process of communication with potential visitors to influence their destination preferences intention to travel their final destination. The information intensive nature of tourism industry suggests an important role for the internet the web Technology in the promotion and marketing of destination. The marking strategies are considered within the context of prevailing images tourist sites and the important attachment to destination images and brands...

  2. Drinking water pollution. DNA effects reproductive disorders; Inquinamento delle acque potabili. Effetti sul DNA e sulla riproduzione umana

    Monarca, S.; Zani, C. [Brescia Univ., Brescia (Italy). Dipt. di Medicina Sperimentale ed Applicata, Sez. Igiene; Mantovani, A. [Istituto Superiore di Sanita' , Rome (Italy); Righi, E.; Aggazzotti, G. [Modena Univ., Modena (Italy). Dipt. di Scienze Igienistiche, Microbiologiche e Biostatiche

    2001-06-01

    Experimental studies have revealed in drinking water the presence of mutagenic/carcinogenic compounds, such as pesticides, organic solvents, heavy metals and disinfection by-products and epidemiological studies have found cancer risk for populations exposed to these contaminants. Moreover, researches have shown reproductive and developmental hazards for people who consume drinking water containing endocrine disrupting chemicals. The aim of this review is to describe and evaluate the health hazards arisen from the human exposure to these drinking water pollutants potentially able to damage DNA and produce adverse reproductive effects. [Italian] Il monitoraggio delle sostanze genotossiche nelle acque potabili e' ormai una tecnica matura, applicata in numerosi laboratori in tutto il mondo che analizzano di routine le acque potabili. Gli stessi Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater statunitensi nel 1995 hanno introdotto per la prima volta l'indicazione del test di Ames come test di riferimento per condurre indagini di mutagenesi nelle acque. Negli ultimi anni ricerche sperimentali ed epidemiologiche hanno messo in luce un nuovo problema legato all'inquinamento idrico: la presenza di composti che producono effetti dannosi sulla salute riproduttiva umana. Grazie anche all'incremento degli studi sperimentali di tossicologia della riproduzione, un numero crescente di composti sono stati identificati come possibili fattori di rischio per la fertilita' e lo sviluppo. Inoltre alcune indagini epidemiologiche hanno rilevato possibili effetti dannosi sulla salute riproduttiva in gruppi di donne esposte a contaminanti idrici. Metodiche biologiche sempre piu' sofisticate sono in fase di sperimentazione e si spera che in futuro possano essere applicate anche per il monitoraggio degli inquinanti idrici tossici per la riproduzione umana.

  3. Destination Image of Goa

    Jaisinghani, Deepika

    2008-01-01

    Goa's tourism marketers are under pressure to diversify the tourist arrivals beyond the current heavy reliance on tourists who are looking for cheap sun-sand-sea destinations and increasing the competition in the seaside resort market from neighbouring countries such as Sri Lanka, Thailand and Malaysia. Therefore it is imperative to develop a repositioning strategy by altering certain aspects of the current image or highlighting aspects of Goa that are not included in the current image. ...

  4. Consumption Values and Destination Evaluation in Destination Decision Making

    Vasyl Denys; Júlio Mendes

    2014-01-01

    Consumption values have received little attention in the tourism literature, comparing to such determinants of the consumer behavior as motivations, pull and push factors, satisfaction, quality, or destination image, etc. This study attempts to analyze consumption values and their types, and the influence that they have on the destination decision making and, particularly, on the destination choice. Current work brings new insights about the role of consumption values in detrmining preference...

  5. Travel Photography: Destination Workshop

    Pradhan, Mukul

    2016-01-01

    Travel photography is a growing and highly popular form of tourism in most parts of the world but despite huge potentials, certain places in the world have yet to capitalize on this opportunity. Among these destinations, Nepal, a country filled with breath-taking landscape and ever-vibrant and growing urban cities has done little to provide this experience of trav-el photography to travelers. Hence, the goal of this Bachelor’s thesis was to develop an at-tractive, affordable and unforgettable...

  6. TOURIST DESTINATION BRANDING

    Andrijana Mrkaić

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper shows how the branding,as a process that identifies destinations and allowstourists to make a good choice between differentalternatives, fits into the contemporary marketingconcept. Movement of people and their urge totravel are biological needs which offer relaxationto tourists and result in greater cultural knowledge.Tourism is also reflected as social politics, throughthe benefits for employees. Tourism is ofimportance and branding makes it more expressed,because it is the brand through which numerousmarketing activities are coordinated, in order tobuild value and meet the expectations of tourists.Branding in tourism is a dynamic category that isin constant evolution, which requires better brandmanagement and strengthening and revitalizationof the brand.

  7. Global forces shaping destination formation

    Laesser, Christian

    2005-01-01

    Contents: The framework in which we have to operate: Globalisation What do destinations/ locations have to do now? Historical background of the theoretical discussion on the setup and promotion of successful locations Destination Marketing: Creating, fostering and promoting a successful location-bound network Managing networks in the case of a DMO

  8. Network Analysis of Cooperation in Tourism Destinations

    Gajdošík Tomáš

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Globalisation on the tourism market causes that the competition is not formed only between stakeholders in a destination, but more and more it is created among destinations. Therefore tourism stakeholders in a destination have to act together and cooperate. The cooperative behaviour of destination stakeholders is seen as a main prerequisite of applying the cooperative destination management, which influences the competitiveness of destination on tourism market.

  9. Destination image of Tanzania among Finnish tourists

    Heinola, Tiina

    2015-01-01

    This thesis is a research about the destination image of Tanzania. It aims at finding out what Finnish tourists know about the destination, what are their first reactions and their thoughts of and interest towards the destination. The thesis is commissioned by RHEA, a responsible tourism intermediary in Finland. The theory part of the thesis divides into Tanzania as a tourism destination and destination image theory. In the Tanzania section, the destination is handled through different ap...

  10. Destination image and key drivers of perceived destination attractiveness

    Josip Mikulić

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available In this exploratory study authors combine several approaches to explore the images of two highly attractive tourist destinations: Hawai’i and Croatia. Two convenience samples were used: the image of Hawai’i was measured among Croatian undergraduate business students, and the image of Croatia was measured among Hawaiian tourism students. Functional and psychological image components were assessed at both a holistic and the attribute level. In addition, an importance-perception analysis was performed to assess the degree to which the destination image at the attribute level coincides with the students’ perception of an optimal destination. Finally, the authors conduct an importance grid analysis to explore the key drivers of the overall perceived destination attractiveness. The results provide a detailed insight into the images of Croatia and Hawaii, and reveal several interesting differences between the two student samples.

  11. Positioning Malaysia as a Tourist Destination Based on Destination Loyalty

    Mahadzirah Mohamad; Abdul Manan Ali; Nur Izzati Ab Ghani; Ahmad Rusdi Abdullah; Safiek Mokhlis

    2012-01-01

    This study was conducted to ascertain the image of Malaysia as a tourist destination and examines the construct’s influence on tourists’ destination loyalty. Questionnaires were distributed to the departing foreign tourists at two of Malaysia’s international airports. The collected data was analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The findings of the study indicate that Malaysia was perceived as providing an adventurous holiday with the chance to see wildlife, nice beaches and offer...

  12. Scenarios Analysis of Tourism Destinations

    Anastasios Michailidis

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This study describes a multi-criteria decision-making framework employed to evaluate and rank three tourism destinations, located in the northern and central Greece. Additionally, innovatory elements are the incorporation of differing levels of socioeconomic data (destination image and destination personality within the decision framework and the direct determination of the PROMETHEE II preference thresholds. The developed methodology provides a user-friendly approach, promotes the synergy between different stakeholders, and could pave a way towards consensus. The main aim of this study was to describe the design implementation and use of a Decision Support System (D.S.S, which applies new methodological approaches for the evaluation and ranking of several tourism destinations.

  13. Emotions, Motivations and Destination Positioning

    Marques, Carlos Duarte Coelho Peixeira

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a latent two-factor (pleasantness and arousal) model that successfully explains the affective perception of the routine daily environment by visitors to Douro Valley, a widely known wine region whose cultural landscape has been acknowledged as World Heritage, and is becoming an emergent tourism destination. Visitors more often attribute agitation related emotions to their home environment and pleasant low activated emotions to the destination. Level of urbanization of tour...

  14. Destination Website eMetrics

    Horan, Patrick; Frew, Andrew

    2007-01-01

    The priority of the research is thus to establish which criteria are important for destination websites and to determine a mechanism for their measurement. These criteria are divided into both macro- and micro- level metrics which each combine to provide information that is actionable from a business’ perspective. This work lays the foundation for the anticipated outcome of this research, a robust methodology for measuring the effectiveness of destination websites coupled with a suite of acti...

  15. Destination Competitiveness: Evidence from Bali

    Chin, Wei Lee; Haddock-Fraser, Janet; Hampton, Mark P.

    2015-01-01

    Within the dynamic global tourism industry, understanding the reasons for a destination’s competitiveness is essential in order to enhance its performance, facilitate more effective destination management, and inform its overall sustainable economic development. This paper applies Kim and Wicks’ (2010) tourism cluster development model to Bali - a small, mature destination in the developing economy of Indonesia. It demonstrates that there are complex relationships between: (i) cluster actors;...

  16. Corrosiveness and treatment of the Italian natural waters. Geology of the aquifers; Corrosivita' e trattamento di acque naturali italiane. Geologia degli acquiferi

    Allievi, F.; Joppi, F.; Romagnoli, M. (Italy)

    2000-12-01

    In Italy there are about 8.000 Communes and about 6.000 administrations of aqueducts. The Italian law on the field of water foresees the reorganization of water services based on suitable territorial circles in the respect for the unity of the hydro graphic basin, the overcoming management fragmentation and the achievement of suitable managerial dimensions. This law begins to be put into practice only these days. Changing is very difficult and complex if it is considered as the first measure, it is necessary to eliminate the actual about 6.000 administrations and to constitute about 200 new managers (public and private). Steel pipes internal corrosion is considered quoting 130 aqueducts, installed in 7 Regions in the North of Italy. These water steel pipings are considered not protected inside, because the internal bitumen layer is removed by the piped water, as it's a temporary protection. The risks of corrosion of these aqueducts are eliminated if an adherent ferric-calcic deposit has formed on the metallic wall. This data concern the activity, on this matter, of the Service Corrosion and Protection of an Italian producer, leader in the steel pipes manufacturing, within the span of about 30 years (1959-1987) and the activity of reporters from 1988 to day. [Italian] Sono esaminati i casi di corrosione interna riscontrati su 130 casi di acquedotti italiani in acciaio. Viene indicata la localizzazione sul territorio dell'Italia Settentrionale, Centrale ed Insulare di acque corrosive per biossido di carbonio aggressivo, insufficienza di ossigeno, presenza di ferrobatteri e di solfobatteri, in relazione alle caratteristiche geologiche degli acquiferi. Sono descritti i trattamenti anticorrosivi effettuati sull'acqua e la loro efficacia per il controllo del processo corrosivo stesso. Viene evidenziato lo stato critico dei gestori di piccoli acquedotti che non hanno le strutture per risolvere adeguatamente i problemi della corrosione interna delle

  17. Conference destination selection in the corporate sector

    Hagen, Jeanette; Jøraandstad, Marianne

    2012-01-01

    The study has an overall focus on the selection of conference destinations for the corporate sector. The main research question is: What factors influence the conference destination selection and how do they relate? Under this we investigated three areas; the destination factors ranking on importance, relationships between destination factors and intervening factors, and differences on the importance levels of destination factors across the groups of the intervening factors. Most empirical...

  18. Rocket Rendezvous at Preassigned Destinations with Optimum

    T. N. Srivastava

    1982-10-01

    Full Text Available The problem of rendezvous of an interceptor rocket vehicle through optimal exit path with a destination rocket vehicle at a preassigned location on the destination orbit has been investigated for non-coaxial coplanar elliptic launch and destination orbits in an inverse square gravitational field. The case, when launch and destination orbits are coplanar circular, is also discussed. In the end numerical results for rendezvous have been obtained taking Earth and Mars orbits as launch and destination orbits respectively.

  19. Tutorial: Nanomedicine: destination or journey?

    Haberzettl, C. A.

    2002-08-01

    Nanomedicine in a broad sense is the application of nano-scale technologies to the practice of medicine. The creation of nanodevices such as nanobots capable of performing therapeutic functions in vivo is a destination within the emerging field of nanomedicine. On the journey to that destination, significant technological advances across multiple scientific disciplines continue to be proposed, validated and commercialized. Advances in delivering therapy, miniaturization of analytical tools, improved computational and memory capabilities and developments in remote communications will be integrated allowing for the development of such nanobots. Nanomedicine is both a destination and a journey. The journey will cross new frontiers, uncover new knowledge and bring new horizons to the understanding and practice of medicine.

  20. Destination Image and Destination Personality: An Application of Branding Theories to Tourism Places

    Hosany, S; Ekinci, Y; M Uysal

    2006-01-01

    This study investigates the relationship between destination image and destination personality. While brand image and brand personality studies is well documented in the generic marketing literature, application of branding theories to places, in particular to tourism destinations, is relatively new. Using tourism destinations as a setting, this study contribute to the debate on the brand image – brand personality relationship. Results indicate that destination image and destination personali...

  1. Responsibilities of the destination country

    Cecilia M Bailliet

    2006-01-01

    According to UNHCR’s Recommended Principles and Guidelines for Human Rights and Human Trafficking,1 human rights must be at the heart of counter-trafficking measures. Destination countries may need to reassess strategies to ensure that they conform to international standards and provide better protection to the victims of trafficking.

  2. DESTINATION BRANDING THROUGH BUSINESS TOURISM

    Doriana, MORAR

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Considering the fat that a rate of up to 70% of tourists visiting Romania have a professional motivation, the present papers intends to provide an overview of the advantages held by Romania for offering tourists the proper conditions for spending quality time in this emerging country. Within the present article, the authors provide to readers an overview regarding destination branding, business travel and the critical elements in achieving economic advantages over competing regions/countries; the article emphasizes the fact that -intelligently exploited-, business tourism can be an element of prosperity within the tumultuous period of time through which Romania and other emerging states are crossing nowadays. The results of this paper work are focused on the identifying, analysing and correlating the main factors that can influence a destination' development through its propulsion as a brand destination for business tourism. Generally speaking, the paper approaches aspects regarding business tourism. The methodology used in order to write the present article is limited to the collection and processing empirical data and information. In this regard, the literature in the field has been reviewed, so that the authors could identify and expose the importance of destination branding through business travel for sustainable development in Romania.

  3. Customer-based brand equity: The Effect of Destination Image on Preference for Products Associated with a Destination Brand

    Lim, Yu Mi

    2009-01-01

    Due to highly competitive destination markets, destination branding techniques are becoming popular among destination marketers. The destination marketers tend to leverage their destination brand value to other products associated with the destination brand (referred to as brand extension). This thesis investigated how customer-based brand equity for a tourist destination can be transferred to products associated with a destination brand. Specifically, the effect of destination image on p...

  4. Destination image and key drivers of perceived destination attractiveness

    Josip Mikulić; Darko Prebežac

    2008-01-01

    In this exploratory study authors combine several approaches to explore the images of two highly attractive tourist destinations: Hawai’i and Croatia. Two convenience samples were used - the image of Hawai’i was measured among Croatian undergraduate business students, and the image of Croatia was measured among Hawaiian tourism students. Functional and psychological image components were assessed at both a holistic and the attribute level. In addition, an importance-perception analysis was pe...

  5. Practice of Internet Marketing in Destination Branding

    Duong, Linh

    2012-01-01

    This study provides information about destination branding and the effect of Internet marketing on tourism. Tourism branding generates interest in a destination as well as, investments and reputation. Destination branding with the support of Internet marketing is a new way of maximizing profit. The advantages of Internet marketing include speed and efficiency due to sharing and contributing functions. The aims of the research were to figure out the importance of destination branding stra...

  6. La cartografia delle acque nel primo atlante ambientale della Campania 2003

    Onorati, G.; Di Meo, T.; Giovinazzi, F.; Imperatrice, M. L.; Mainolfi, P.; Scarponi, F.

    2016-01-01

    L'Atlante Ambientale della Campania è uno strumento di sintesi della II Relazione sullo Stato dell'Ambiente volto a fornire, in modo diretto e leggibile, le informazioni ambientali legate al territorio. La georeferenziazione dei dati ambientali è infatti ormai il presupposto per qualsiasi analisi territoriale dello stato degli ecosistemi e delle pressioni antropiche sulle risorse naturali. Nell'ottica di politiche mirate ad uno sviluppo sostenibile è pertanto fondamentale disporre di informaz...

  7. Impact of export destinations on firm performance

    Cebeci, Tolga

    2014-01-01

    This paper evaluates the role of export destinations on productivity, employment, and wages of Turkish firms by comparing the performance of firms that export to low-income destinations and high-income destinations with firms that do not export. A combination of propensity score matching and difference-in-differences methods are employed on a rich set of firm observables, including sector,...

  8. DESTINATION DEVELOPMENT FOR CRUISING TOURISM

    Luković, Tihomir; Asić, Antun; Šperanda, Ivo

    2015-01-01

    Cruising tourism is the largest growing tourism sub-system. The importance of cruising tourism should be viewed in a far wider context than tourism itself. Namely, cruising tourism is maintained by numerous shareholders whose interests need to be reassured for the purpose of sustainable destination development. Tourism’s sub-system, cruise ships, in comparison to the sub-system of coastal tourism, has its own specifics which may easily prove contradictory in itself and thus compromise sustain...

  9. Space Transportation and Destination Facilities

    Smitherman, David; McClure, Wallace

    1999-01-01

    The Space Transportation and Destination Facilities section focused on space transportation vehicles-from use of existing vehicles to development of specialized transports-and on space stations, space business parks, space hotels, and other facilities in space of the kind that eventually would provide services for general public space travel (PST) and tourism. For both transportation and destination facilities, the emphasis was on the identification of various strategies to enable a realistic incremental progression in the development and acquisition of such facilities, and the identification of issues that need resolution to enable formation of viable businesses. The approach was to determine the best: (1) Strategies for general PST and tourism development through the description and analysis of a wide range of possible future scenarios. With these scenarios in mind the section then identified. (2) Key issues to be explored. (3) opportunities to eliminate barriers. (4) Recommendations for future actions. (5) Top-level requirements and characteristics for general PST and tourism systems and services that would guide the development of transportation and destination facilities.

  10. Impact of Tourist Perceptions, Destination Image and Tourist Satisfaction on Destination Loyalty: A Conceptual Model

    Rajesh, R.

    2013-01-01

    The objective this research paper is develops a destination loyalty theoretical model by using tourist perception, destination image and tourist satisfaction. These study analysis components, attributes, factor influencing the destination image and examine the tourist satisfaction and determinants of destination loyalty. This is a conceptual paper attempts at evaluating recent empirical on destination image, tourist satisfaction and loyalty. The conceptual framework model is developed on the ...

  11. Removal of toxic organic micropollutants from lake water used for human consumption in Lombardy; La rimozione dei microinquinanti organici in acque utilizzate a scopo potabile

    Guzzella, L. [Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerca sulle Acque, Brugherio, MI (Italy); Monarca, S.; Feretti, D. [Brescia Univ., Brescia (Italy). Dipt. di Matematica Sperimentale ed Applicata, Sez. di Igiene

    2001-02-01

    The research goal was the evaluation of innovative potabilization treatments to remove toxic organic micropollutants from Como lake water. The adsorption on granular activated carbon (GAC) and on ion exchange resins were compared to advanced oxidation processes (AOP). The treated water samples were analysed by mutagenicity test, toxicity assay and gas chromatographic analyses. The results showed a decrease of mutagenic activity due to the absorption on GAC and resin Ambersorb 563. No mutagenic activity was observed by joining GAC adsorption step to the AOP processes. Similar results were obtained by toxicological analysis. [Italian] In questa ricerca sono stati sperimentati differenti trattamenti di rimozione dei microinquinanti organici dalle acque del Lago di Como utilizzate a scopo potabile. Sono state confrontate sia tecniche di adsorbimento su carbone attivo e resine che tecniche di ossidazione avanzata (AOP). Le acque sono state analizzate con test di mutagenicita' e di tossicita' e per via gascromatografica. I risultati ottenuti hanno evidenziato un maggiore abbattimento della mutagenicita'/tossicita' in seguito ai trattamenti con carbone attivo e resina Ambersorb 536. Con il trattamento AOP si osserva la formazione di sottoprodotti mutageni che sono rimossi associando un passaggio su carbone attivo.

  12. Impact of Tourist Perceptions, Destination Image and Tourist Satisfaction on Destination Loyalty: A Conceptual Model

    R Rajesh

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective this research paper is develops a destination loyalty theoretical model by using tourist perception, destination image and tourist satisfaction. These study analysis components, attributes, factor influencing the destination image and examine the tourist satisfaction and determinants of destination loyalty. This is a conceptual paper attempts at evaluating recent empirical on destination image, tourist satisfaction and loyalty. The conceptual framework model is developed on the basis of existing theoretical and empirical research in the field of destination marketing. The models include four constructs. Tourist Perception constructs has been influenced by factors like Historical and Cultural Attractions, Destination Affordability, Travel Environment, Natural Attractions, Entertainments and Infrastructure. Destination image construct has been influenced by factors like Infrastructure & Facilities, Heritage Attractions, Natural Made Attractions, Destination Safety & Cleanness, Friendly Local Community & Clam Atmosphere, Rejuvenation and Service Price and Affordability. The satisfaction construct has been influenced by factors like Entertainments, Destination Attractions and Atmosphere, Accommodation, Food, Transportation Services and Shopping. The destination loyalty construct has influenced by intentions to revisit, word of mouth promotion and recommending to others . The earlier study result reveals that tourist perception, destination image and tourist satisfaction directly influence destination loyalty. The outcomes of the study have significant managerial implications for destination marketing managers.

  13. The destinal question of language

    Saitya Brata Das

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available How can we think the destinal place of language in the essentially historical condition of our existence if such historicity cannot be understood on the basis of the labor of negativity alone? The attempt is made here to think language in a more originary manner, as non-negative finitude, that affirms what is outside dialectical-speculative closure, what is to come. The notion of 'destinal' itself is thus transformed. No longer being merely a categorical grasp of "entities presently given", language is an originary exposure to the event of arrival in its lightning flash. Destiny appears as that of the messianic arrival of the 'not yet' which is not a telos that the immanent movement of historical reason reaches by an irresistible force of the negative. This essay reads Schelling, Heidegger and Kierkegaard to think language as a "place" of exposure to the non-teleological destiny that may erupt even today, here and now, without any given conditionality.Como nós podemos pensar o lugar destinal da linguagem na condição essencialmente histórica de nossa existência se tal historicidade não pode ser entendida com base apenas no trabalho da negatividade? Faz-se aqui a tentativa de pensar a linguagem de um modo mais originário, como finitude não negativa, que afirma o que se encontra fora do fechamento dialético-especulativo, o que está por vir. A própria noção de 'destinal' é então transformada. Não sendo mais apenas uma apreensão categorial de "entidades presentemente dadas", a linguagem é uma exposição originária ao evento da chegada em seu instante iluminador. O destino aparece como o da chegada messiânica do 'ainda não' que não é um telos que o movimento imanente da razão histórica atinge por meio de uma irresistível força do negativo. Este ensaio lê Schelling, Heidegger e Kierkegaard para pensar a linguagem como um "lugar" de exposição ao destino não teológico que pode irromper mesmo hoje, aqui e agora, sem

  14. Destination Image : Marketing of Finland

    Siegismund, Daniela

    2013-01-01

    Finland is known almost everywhere in the world as a cold snowbound location that would most be suitable for winter holidays. This bachelor’s thesis seeks to analyse destination marketing of Finland and the factors that have led to this image and reputation. Especially important in this thesis is the image of Finland and its perception from the view of potential German customers. The goal was to identify reasons based on the author’s assumption for an image of Finland as mainly a winter locat...

  15. Internal Brand Management of Destination Brands

    Cox, Natasha; Gyrd-Jones, Richard; Gardiner, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    Achieving a consistent brand experience across a destination and all brand-touch points is a major challenge in destination branding efforts. Strategies to manage the complexity of coordination across multiple network stakeholders are therefore critical for destination management organisations....... However, theories to inform these strategies are limited. This paper proposes that internal brand management theory provides a framework to explore strategies that may increase operator buy-in to the destination brand, thus creating a more consistent brand experience for visitors. Semi......-structured interviews with members of a destination brand network indicate that highly centralised networks hinder operator buy-in to the destination brand. Informal communication via more personalised sub-networks rather than directive leadership appear to facilitate knowledge sharing and create support mechanisms...

  16. TOURIST MOTIVATION FOR RURAL DESTINATIONS

    Angela BOTEZATU

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available City daily overexertion impels tourists wish to travel. Rural tourism behavior is determined by a set of motivational factors that makes him appreciate favorable tourist destinations. In order to analyze and assess the opinions and attitudes of tourists in rural areas we realized a market survey, the results being presented in the article below. Future trends, the growth rate of market depend largely on the wishes and intentions of goods or services consumers. This study involves the engagement of a number of 658 respondents, which were interviewed to determine the basic motivations in choosing countryside. The working methods used were analysis, synthesis and questionnaire survey as a research method. Results refer to the following: about 59 percent, spend up to 10% of annual income for vacations and travel, for rural tourism this amount is much lower; the association of the term „rural tourism” in the local tourist mind, oscillates among „a villa” in rural areas or „active vacation” (biking, hiking, riding, swimming or hunting; customer loyalty is one of the goals of marketing activities undertaken in hostels or other travel service providers. In conclusion, we mention that the variety of motivational factors in choosing tourist destinations in rural areas drive this type of tourism.

  17. Projected Images of Major Chinese Outbound Destinations

    Hsu, Cathy H.C.; Song, Hanqun

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to explore the projected images of major outbound destinations based on popular travel magazines in China. Travel articles on Hong Kong, Macau, Japan, South Korea, Vietnam and Taiwan from 2006 to 2008 were content analyzed. Japan was reported on most, and the projected images of the six destinations are dominated by leisure and recreation, and culture, history and art. Correspondence analysis was used to examine relationships between destinations and popular image attributes....

  18. Destination Competitiviness: A Framework for Future Research

    Ramona GRUESCU; Roxana NANU; Gheorghe PIRVU

    2009-01-01

    The paper envisages aspects concerning identification of the competitive advantage of a tourist destination from a double perspective: the critical contribution of the employees and the ICT impact on promoting and selling the destination. Research methodology includes ‘bottom to top’ analysis of the mentioned indicators. Thus, results include the eficientisation of tourist businesses and destinations due to both human element development and ICT technologies. Two essential basis of the compet...

  19. Destination Strategy Marketing Analysis for Seaside Tourism

    HUO Jiaying

    2009-01-01

    Seaside tourism has become one of the popular tourism destinations to the tourists. It is necessary for manager to study the strategy marketing of seaside tourism destination to promote the seaside tourism. This paper examines the characteristics of seaside tourism and uses the SWOT to analyze the strengths, weakness, opportunities and treats of seaside tourism. Then, the challenges of seaside tourism destination are introduced and should be noticed by the marketing managers.

  20. IMAGE CONSTRUCTION OF LAGGING TOURIST DESTINATION

    Li, Yongjun

    2007-01-01

    Tourist destination image, as tourists integrated subjective cognition and evaluation, directly influences tourist choices for destinations. This paper discusses the existing problems such as indefinition of target market, unperfection of product and lack of competitive analysis at the very beginning of lagging tourist destinations. Using Luanchuan, a county in Henan province as an example, construction factors and the mode, the terminal form and its popularization of lagging tourist destinat...

  1. Le développement d’un outil de mesure de l’excellence des destinations touristiques

    Bédard, François

    2012-01-01

    Le Centre mondial d’Excellence des Destinations (CED), organisme à but non lucratif ayant son siège à Montréal, a pour mission de contribuer à amener les destinations touristiques au niveau mondial vers l’excellence. Les clients potentiels du SMED sont des organismes ayant une autorité reconnue, un pouvoir de gouvernance sur l’activité touristique de la destination. La notion d’excellence, dans le cadre du SMED, doit s’entendre sur le plan de « l’excellence des destinations » (en raison de la...

  2. Application of destination brand molecule on destination image and brand perception: an exploratory study

    Ivanov, Stanislav H.; Illum, Steven F.; Liang, Yating

    2010-01-01

    The paper presents the destination brand molecule approach to destination image and brand perception measurement, an innovative and non-traditional approach to market research as a tool for potential use by a destination/attraction marketing organization. It investigates the perceptions people have about a destination brand and the way they organize these perceptions in their minds. It employs and further develops the brand molecule concept introduced by Lederer and Hill (2001) and its extens...

  3. The Contemporary Roles of Destination Management Organizations

    2016-01-01

    Aiming at presenting the contemporary topics on roles of destina-tion management organizations (DMOs) and arousing attentions to the shift of their roles to marketing via social media to generate electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) , this paper reveals a unique picture of the destination management organizations and their emerged roles.

  4. Destination bonding: Hybrid cognition using Instagram

    Arup Kumar Baksi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Empirical research has identified the phenomenon of destination bonding as a result of summated physical and emotional values associated with the destination. Physical values, namely natural landscape & other physical settings and emotional values, namely the enculturation processes, have a significant role to play in portraying visitors’ cognitive framework for destination preference. The physical values seemed to be the stimulator for bonding that embodies action or behavior tendencies in imagery. The emotional values were the conditions that lead to affective bonding and are reflected in attitudes for a place which were evident in text narratives. Social networking on virtual platforms offers the scope for hybrid cognitive expression using imagery and text to the visitors. Instagram has emerged as an application-window to capture these hybrid cognitions of visitors. This study focuses on assessing the relationship between hybrid cognition of visitors expressed via Instagram and their bond with the destination. Further to this, the study attempts to examine the impact of hybrid cognition of visitors on the behavioral pattern of prospective visitors to the destination. The study revealed that sharing of visual imageries and related text by the visitors is an expression of the physico-emotional bonding with the destination. It was further established that hybrid cognition strongly asserts destination bonding and has been also found to have moderating impact on the link between destination bonding and electronic-word-of-mouth.

  5. Statistical analysis of tourism destination competitiveness

    Attilio Gardini

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The growing relevance of tourism industry for modern advanced economies has increased the interest among researchers and policy makers in the statistical analysis of destination competitiveness. In this paper we outline a new model of destination competitiveness based on sound theoretical grounds and we develop a statistical test of the model on sample data based on Italian tourist destination decisions and choices. Our model focuses on the tourism decision process which starts from the demand schedule for holidays and ends with the choice of a specific holiday destination. The demand schedule is a function of individual preferences and of destination positioning, while the final decision is a function of the initial demand schedule and the information concerning services for accommodation and recreation in the selected destinations. Moreover, we extend previous studies that focused on image or attributes (such as climate and scenery by paying more attention to the services for accommodation and recreation in the holiday destinations. We test the proposed model using empirical data collected from a sample of 1.200 Italian tourists interviewed in 2007 (October - December. Data analysis shows that the selection probability for the destination included in the consideration set is not proportional to the share of inclusion because the share of inclusion is determined by the brand image, while the selection of the effective holiday destination is influenced by the real supply conditions. The analysis of Italian tourists preferences underline the existence of a latent demand for foreign holidays which points out a risk of market share reduction for Italian tourism system in the global market. We also find a snow ball effect which helps the most popular destinations, mainly in the northern Italian regions.

  6. Destiny of Destinations: Can TDM Help?

    Zsuzsanna Bacsi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Tourism destination management (TDM is a popular catchword of current tourism research. A research, co-financed by the European Union through the Hungary-Croatia IPA Cross-border Co-operation Programme, within the project ’Health &Rural Tourism DM Model’ (project no.: HUHR/1101/2.1.3/0006, was carried out in 2013 to analyse the specialities of TDM in health tourism destinations, the physical and human resources of such destinations, aspects of sustainability and competitiveness, the main factors of success. Primary data were collected by surveys and interviews carried out in six spa towns of Western Hungary. The main findings indicated, that the major natural natural endowment is medicinal water in the research area, tourism infrastructure and superstructure are sufficient, although the range of services, and marketing of health tourism services should be improved. Destination management organisations perform least efficiently in attracting investors. The attitudes of stakeholders of the tourism sector towards the idea of TDM differ, while in less successful destinations they are more inclined to cooperate this way, they are rather reluctant to do so in successful destinations. Assessing the traits of tourism service providers, the natural assets, the local community and the targeted tourist segments a general model of health tourism destinations is outlined by the four componenets of the well-known VICE model.

  7. HAJO AS A TOURIST DESTINATION

    Jaya Medhi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights Hajo as a tourist destination and its consequent impact on the industrial development of Assam. Hajo is situated in the Kamrup district of Assam and is located at a distance of about 32 km from Guwahati on the north bank of the mighty Brahmaputra. Hajo is an important centre for three religion namely Hinduism, Islam and Buddhism. The age old harmonious confluence can still be observed here. The place has a number of temples among which Hayagriba Madhab is one of the most important. It also Available online at www.lsrj.in Indian Streams Research Journal highlights the tourism scenario as well as its development. The paper also gives an idea of tourism as industry. Finally the study suggests means, to develop tourism industry of Assam, such as reconstruction and beautifying of tourist spot. For attraction of tourists it must have proper infrastructural facilities, good means of communication facilities, hospitality, fooding and lodging facilities etc. Lastly tourism industry can also address the burning issues of unemployment.

  8. VARIABLES OF THE IMAGE OF TOURIST DESTINATION

    Ban Olimpia

    2008-01-01

    The image of a destination is more than a distinguishing element; it is a component of the supply and brings more value to it. The image of a destination can be the decisive component, while the other elements re relatively alike (1). The image of a tourist destination is strongly connected to the image of a country, the image of a nation and the image of a place. The image of a place is formed for a receiver naturally by accumulating experiences with that place, the use of the sources of per...

  9. Will China Still Be the Destination?

    2009-01-01

    Though the financial crisis is slowing the growth in foreign direct investment (FDI) this year,China still remains an attractive destination for foreign investors,for its dynamic economy,according to the Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM).

  10. Destination image: Origins, Developments and Implications

    Sérgio Dominique Ferreira Lopes

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Over the last few decades, tourism has become one of the main sectors of the global economy, not only because of its contribution to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP of different countries, but also because of the employment it generates. Since 2009, however, the results of tourism have been severely affected by the economic and financial crisis and it is now essential to analyze the key elements of tourist consumer behavior. In this context, the image that a destination transmits to the market becomes one of the elements which influence tourists the most when choosing a tourist destination. The authors therefore aim to identify the main elements that characterize the image of a tourist destination, as well as their implications for the management of tourist destinations.

  11. Promoting tourism destinations: A strategic marketing approach

    Soteriades, Marios D.; Avgeli, Vasiliki A.

    2007-01-01

    This paper provides an outline of principal marketing strategy issues and their application in promoting tourism destinations. It provides an overview of a report prepared for the Tourism Promotion Committee (T.P.C.) of Heraklion District, Crete. In the context of the tourist industry, the ‘product’ is an experience achieved through the combination of a diverse range of products and services. Nowadays tourism destinations face new and increasing marketing challenges arising from changing tour...

  12. Website Design for Abja Rural Tourism Destination

    Tõnts, Liina

    2012-01-01

    This bachelor’s thesis is about creating a website for Abja Rural Tourism Destination. The project is commissioned by Non-Profit Organization (NPO) Mulgimaa Development, which operates in southern Estonia. The objective of this thesis is to build a multilingual website, which would function as a source of information for tourists. In addition, the purpose is that it increases the recognition of Abja and starts to build brand awareness for Abja as a tourist destination. The Abja area has ...

  13. MARKETING OF DESTINATIONS: A EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE

    Maria Roxana COSMA

    2014-01-01

    Capitalizing tourist destinations is a complex and lengthy process whereby resources are gradually transferred within the area of trade relations. Marketer’s proficiency is a key factor to accelerate this process, but also for making better and fuller use of existing touristic attractions of a destination. Other factors of influence are the involvement of the local population, general infrastructure, valuable and unique attractions, tourist preferences etc. Among the influences identified as ...

  14. SPECIFIC KNOWLEDGE FOR MANAGING ECOTOURISM DESTINATIONS

    Smolčić Jurdana, Dora

    2009-01-01

    Management of ecotourism destinations is very demanding because of the specific and interdisciplinary knowledge that is necessary. Great knowledge, which consists of knowledge from human and natural sciences at the same time, emphasizes the need for permanent education, formal and informal of ecotourism destination managers. In should be generally stated that countries which have a great areas and resources for ecotourism development should create a specific program for education about the...

  15. Destination Information Management System for Tourist

    Abdulhamid, Shafii Muhammad; Usman, Gana

    2014-01-01

    The use of information and communication technology in our day to day activities is now unavoidable. In tourism developments, destination information and management systems are used to guide visitors and provide information to both visitors and management of the tour sites. In this paper, information and navigation system was designed for tourists, taking some Niger state of Nigeria tourism destinations into account. The information management system was designed using Java Applet (NetBeans I...

  16. Destination Brand: Membangun Keunggulan Bersaing Daerah

    Situmorang, Syafrizal Helmi

    2010-01-01

    All successful brands have social, emotional and identity value to users: they have personalities and enhance the perceived utility, desirability and quality of a product. Every country, regional or state should build destination brand for competitive advantage. A destination brand can be developed in a variety of ways, most obviously in advertising, through direct marketing, personal selling, on websites and in brochures, but also through public and media relations, and through the co-operat...

  17. Making Lahore a better heritage tourist destination

    Arshad, Muhammad

    2015-01-01

    In recent past, tourism has become one of the leading industries of the world. Whereas, heritage tourism is one of the fastest growing sectors in tourism industry. The tourist attractions especially heritage attractions play an important role in heritage destination development. Lahore is the cultural hub of Pakistan and home of great Mughal heritage. It is an important heritage tourist destination in Pakistan, because of the quantity and quality of heritage attractions. Despite having a grea...

  18. TOURISM DESTINATION MAPPING THROUGH CLUSTER ANALYSIS

    Ion DONA; Popa, Dan

    2013-01-01

    The concept of tourism destination appeared in theory and practice after the development of mass tourism and tourism marketing. They are theoretically “travel market units” or areas that are capable “to exist independently and efficiently in the tourism market according to the principles of marketing and the policy of tourism product”. However the main idea of which we start this paper is that the most of tourism destinations are not born naturally, they were created by implementing an effici...

  19. A Research for Determining the Relationship between Destination Image and Destination Personality

    Savaş Artuğer; Burçin Cevdet Çetinsöz

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between destination image and destination personality. The sample group of the study consisted of tourists visiting Alanya district of Antalya province between June and August 2013. A brand personality scale developed by Aaker (1997) and a survey used for grading the destination image were used as tools for collecting data which were obtained from a total of 395 tourists for the application. Descriptive analyses such percentage, frequenc...

  20. The digital complexity in destination branding: the case of Portugal as tourism destination

    Oliveira, Eduardo

    2013-01-01

    Tourism destinations are demanding strategic thinking and dynamic methods to address the contemporary digital challenge. The application of information communication technologies (ICTs) by tourism destinations, when correctly articulated with a destination branding strategy, could be a driving force to improve their strategic positioning, competitiveness, image and to optimise the benefits they derive from tourism. The novelty of this paper lies in the strategic approach to the digital comple...

  1. THE ONLINE COMMUNICATION MIX FOR TOURISM DESTINATIONS STUDY CASE ON ROMANIAN TOURISM DESTINATIONS

    Adina CONSTANTINESCU

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The present research aims at contributing to the field of Online Communication for tourism destinations. It provides a study on online communication of Romanian main tourism destinations, focusing on DMOs’ websites completeness in terms of contents and on their capability to respond to users’ needs. The results of the current research show that the Romanian Destination Websites offer a poor online experience for users, in terms of content, functionalities and fail to fully satisfy the needs and wants of potential tourists. This study is important for establishing the strategies for developing the tourism destination management in Romania.

  2. Surface and groundwater Nitrate distribution in the area of Vicenza; La distribuzione dei nitrati nelle acque superficiali e sotterranee del vicentino

    Altissimo, L. [Centro Idrico Novoledo Srl di Villaverla, Villaverla, VI (Italy); Dal Pra, A. [Padua Univ., Padua (Italy). Dipt. di Geologia

    1999-12-01

    Public aqueducts in the Province of Vicenza (Italy) are supplied entirely by various kinds of water sources: the sub river bed strata of the mountain valleys, water-bearing aquifers of the high plan, pressurized water-bearing aquifers of the middle plain, karstic reservoirs of the mountain massifs and local springs. Progressive increase in nitrate concentration has long been detected in the underground water of many parts of the Vicenza region. The nitrates originate from various sources: human waste, industrial dumping (e.g. the tanning industry) and the use of animal and chemical fertilizers. Nitrate distribution was studied in all wells used for extracting underground water including source waters which replenishing underground aquifers. During the study period ('91-'95), water courses in the recharge areas were found to have nitrate concentrations ranging between 2.0 and 42.0 mg/l. These values remained substantially stable in time. Underground aquifers showed stable nitrate concentration between 5.0 mg/l (mountain karstic aquifers; sub-river bed strata of valley bottom) and 44.0 mg/l (water bearing strata of the high plain of Astico and Brenta rivers). The pressurized flooding aquifers of the middle plain have lower concentrations (6.0-21.0 mg/l) but tend to increase by about 0.5 mg/l per year. [Italian] Nella provincia di Vicenza l'alimentazione degli acquedotti pubblici avviene interamente con acque sotterranee provenienti da strutture differenti: falde di subalveo delle valli montane, falda freatica dell'alta pianura, falde in pressione della media pianura, serbatoi carsici dei massicci montuosi, sorgenti locali. Da tempo e' stato notato nelle acque sotterranee di molte zone un progressivo aumento della concentrazione dei nitrati che, nel territorio vicentino, hanno differenti provenienze: scarichi dei liquami civili, scarichi industriali (ad es. attivita' conciaria), spargimento dei liquami zootecnici, concimazione con

  3. Basic Service Quality Dimensions in Tourist Destination Planning

    Chris VASILIADIS; Raghu BISTA; Fotiadis, Anestis

    2008-01-01

    The study is related to the basic service quality dimensions in a tourist destination. It attempts to propose a set of dimensions of destination service quality and a quality measurement scale which can be used to measure the service quality in a tourist destination. This research study has found four dimensions of destination service quality and successfully developed a measurement scale that can be used to measure the basic service quality in a destination. Initially 31 variables were devel...

  4. Promotion as a Tool in Sustaining the Destination Marketing Activities

    Ivo Mulec

    2010-01-01

    Promoting the tourism destination in the right and best possible way is today one of vital marketing activities of all Destination Management Organizations. Only successful promotion can entice and attract potential travelers to visit the destination. The number of new destinations is increasing every year and some of them are quite similar. Market segmentation is one of the starting points for devising marketing strategy. Only by presenting the destination to the right segment of potential c...

  5. India's Image as a destination for British tourists

    Agrawal, Tanvi

    2007-01-01

    Destination image is a popular topic in tourism research due to its high ended importance in understanding the destination selection process. It is an important concept which helps in assessing the perceptions of target market tourist. A destination can realize its full tourism potential only once it has a favourable image and thus Destination marketers are on a constant move towards creating a positive image through various marketing strategies and destination positioning. India is a soaring...

  6. An empirical investigation of determinants of tourist destination image

    Baloglu, Seyhmus

    1996-01-01

    The research of the past two decades in travel and tourism has demonstrated that tourism destination image is a valuable construct in investigating the destination selection process and behavior of travelers. Most studies of consumer decision making in tourism have investigated the relationship between image of a destination and preference or visitation intentions for the destination. As competition among tourism destinations is getting more intense, it becomes increasingly important to under...

  7. Managing the tourist destination image: The case of Africa

    Matiza, Tafadzwa; Oni, Olabanji A

    2014-01-01

    The tourist destination image is becoming increasing detrimental to the success of individual tourist destinations. More-so, for African tourist destinations which are often victims of the negative global stereotypes and perceptions that exist of the continent. With this in mind, this paper explores the concept and role of destination image in the wider tourism context and goes on to utilise literature to establish the impact of the tourism destination image to the ability of African tourist ...

  8. Considering tourist perceptions and network configuration in destination management

    Prats Planagumà, Lluís; Camprubí Subirana, Raquel

    2009-01-01

    The competitiveness of tourism destinations is a relevant issue for tourism studies, moreso, is a key element on the daily basis of tourism destinations. In this sense, the management of tourism destinations is essential to maintain competitive advantages. In this article tourism destination is considered as a relational network, where interaction and cooperation is needed among tourist agents, to achieve major levels of competitive advantage and a more effective destination management system...

  9. Clarifications regarding medical tourism destinations marketing

    STANCIOIU Aurelia-Felicia

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The development of new types of tourism (stand-alone, connected or components, from marketing experience, implies a broad spectrum of challenges, which, placed in a planned background, has the purpose the creation and then, the development of tourism products that correspond, at least, to consumers’ expectations. In order to optimize the new type of tourism, it is necessary to be correlated with the relevant resources of the destination, which, harmonized, can lead to the elaboration of destination marketing strategies, in this situation being the medical tourism, component of health tourism.

  10. Tourist destination branding on social networks

    Radenković-Šošić Bojana

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Social networks have become the modern means of communication. Intensive electronic word of mouth to mouth (eWOM leads to faster sharing of experiences, and the creation of positive and negative attitudes. On the other hand, branding of tourist destinations has become one of the most powerful resources in the implementation of marketing strategies in tourism. The aim of this study, which is based on primary research, is to examine the concept of electronic word of mouth, as well as the role of social networks in the process of branding tourist destinations.

  11. A Research for Determining the Relationship between Destination Image and Destination Personality

    Savaş Artuğer

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between destination image and destination personality. The sample group of the study consisted of tourists visiting Alanya district of Antalya province between June and August 2013. A brand personality scale developed by Aaker (1997 and a survey used for grading the destination image were used as tools for collecting data which were obtained from a total of 395 tourists for the application. Descriptive analyses such percentage, frequency, factor analysis (confirmatory and explanatory as well as statistical tests such as the reliability analysis were used for analyzing the obtained data. In addition the relationship between destination image and destination personality was analyzed with the Structural Equation Modeling (SEMAt the conclusion of the study there appeared to be negative and very weak relationship between affective image and destination personality while the relationship between cognitive image and destination personality appeared to be positive and strong. In addition Aaker’s (1997 5 dimensional brand personality grading turned out to be 4 dimensions. These dimensions were determined as excitement, ruggedness, competence and sincerity

  12. The Destined Death of the Travelling Salesman

    何苗

    2015-01-01

    Death of a Travelling Salesman is a short story with heated discussion and dispute. Death, as the title of the story presents, has always been the center of criticism. This paper aims to dissect this short story, and to discuss the destined death of the travelling salesman.

  13. Bridging knowledge capital with tourism destination stakeholders

    Wejrum, Lone Møller; Madsen, Jan Halberg; d'Ambrosio, Luigi

    2015-01-01

    these meetings it became clear that the destination and its actors would be interested in and benefit from a cooperation with the University College of Northern Denmark (UCN) and the lecturers and students from the International Hospitality Management programme (IHM). Practical implications: - The...

  14. Destination visual image and expectation of experiences

    Ye, H.; Tussyadiah, Iis

    2011-01-01

    A unique experience is the essence of tourism sought by tourists. The most effective way to communicate the notion of a tourism experience at a destination is to provide visual cues that stimulate the imagination and connect with potential tourists in a personal way. This study aims at...

  15. Destination brand experience and visitor behavior

    Mattsson, Jan; Sørensen, Flemming; Barnes, Stuart

    2014-01-01

    experience (DBE), which provides a more holistic and unified view of the destination brand. It examines the direct and mediated role of DBE components in determining revisit intentions and word-of-mouth recommendations. The findings suggest that DBE is an important determinant of all study outcomes, but that...

  16. TOURISM DESTINATION MAPPING THROUGH CLUSTER ANALYSIS

    Ion DONA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The concept of tourism destination appeared in theory and practice after the development of mass tourism and tourism marketing. They are theoretically “travel market units” or areas that are capable “to exist independently and efficiently in the tourism market according to the principles of marketing and the policy of tourism product”. However the main idea of which we start this paper is that the most of tourism destinations are not born naturally, they were created by implementing an efficient development management of attractions, accessibility and amenities at a specific area level. We consider that the stakeholders can intervene in an area with touristic potential to support the development of rural tourism and implement measures that can transform it in a touristic destination. With this purpose in mind we present in this paper a methodology to map the areas with rural tourism development potential by utilising cluster analysis. The case studies are the villages from Gorj County with touristic potential that have a proximity access to high value natural and/or anthropic touristic resources. The main results of our research is that in this county exists five areas where can be implemented tourism destination management plans and through which can be assured a better promotion and valorisation of rural tourism.

  17. Choosing Ecotourism Destinations for Vacations: A Decision-Making Process

    Eugene E. Ezebilo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Although ecotourism is fast growing industry information on travels to different ecotourism destinations are often not easily accessible. This paper reports reviews of literature on eco-tourists behaviour regarding choice of destination for ecotourism and factors influencing the choice. The importance of information in marketing of ecotourism and eco-tourists’ satisfaction are discussed. The eco-tourists who are visiting a destination for the first time go through all stages in the decision-making process and extensive information search before choosing the destination to visit. Eco-tourists who have visited the destination in the past go through only some of the stages and limited information search. Eco-tourists’ choice of an ecotourism destination are influenced by factors such as, the family, friends, societal values, preferences, safety and promotions related to the destination. Decision regarding re-visiting an ecotourism destination depends on the level of satisfaction that the eco-tourist experienced during his or her first time visit to the destination. Eco-tourists who are satisfied with the ecotourism destination during their first time visit are likely to re-visit the destination but those who are not satisfied are not likely to re-visit. For ecotourism managers to sustain the inflow of eco-tourists to different ecotourism destinations and revenue in the ecotourism industry it is important for the managers to strive towards meeting expectations of eco-tourists and make information regarding the destinations more accessible.

  18. A Model of Tourism Destination Competitiveness: The case of the Italian Destinations of Excellence

    Gianluca Goffi

    2013-01-01

    Tourism worldwide is becoming increasingly competitive. Competitiveness has been associated in the tourism literature as a critical element for the success of tourism destinations. Particular emphasis is placed on identifying and analyzing the various factors that influence the competitiveness of tourism destinations. The paper extends the Richie & Crouch (2000) model and develops a set of indicators that considers the different issues concerning tourism competitiveness. The indicators are fo...

  19. Going Round in Circles: Mobility, Destination and Experience

    Alan Clarke

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the changing approaches to transport in urban tourism as seen through the move from functional sectoral accounts towards a perspective informed by the experience economy. By reviewing the traditional service offers, it is possible to unpack what lies within the service dominant logics that lead to co-creation of value and the realisation of quality tourism experiences. The paper then considers the adoption and adaptation of traditional forms of transport within the value proposition in urban tourism. Mobility in tourism is a strangely new focus of attention, strangely because without it there would be no tourism to speak of. However mobility requires a framework of civil and legal entitlements that allow people to move and a transport infrastructure that allows those rights to be realised in both working and leisure time situations. This article will address the construction of the tourism transport infrastructure by examining the ways in which the transportation elements in mobility have been re-thought within tourism. The first part of the paper will re-construct an account of transport and mobility which deals with it in terms of the functions and logistics of delivery, both between points of origin and destinations, and within destinations. These perspectives can be seen in the texts which shape the basic tourism curriculum (Cooper et al, 2008; Page, 2009 and explain how tourism and transport have developed over the years by integrating the opportunities provided by the new technologies – motorised vehicles (both cars and coaches, trains, ships and aeroplanes – to allow for the development of a range of destinations. Lumsdon and Page (2004 introduced a new approach to transport and tourism by distinguishing between transport for tourism and transport as tourism, which provides a linkage between the first and second parts of this article. The second part will develop an account of mobility in tourism that demonstrates

  20. Destination Unknown. Is there any Economics Beyond Tourism Areas?

    Guido Candela; Paolo Figini

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, several papers have been focussing on various aspects of tourism destinations. The destination is a central issue within tourism studies, embodying in one single concept all the specific and problematic features of tourism, such as its systemic nature in which "space" plays a fundamental role. In this paper we argue that tourism economics shapes itself as an independent discipline within applied economics through the analysis of destinations. Firstly, destinations are neither...

  1. The role and importance of gastronomy tourism on destination branding

    ÖZALTAŞ SERÇEK, Gülseren; SERÇEK, Sadık

    2015-01-01

    Benefiting from a gastronomic element in the marketing of destinations is gradually increasing in recent years. Taking into account local factors benefiting from the city's food cultivated in the marketing of destinations to attract tourists to the city, to provide branding and developing the economy of the city as a result. The gastronomic culture is also a destination that is not the only destination dining diversity; people's lives, history shows traditions and values. In the study, produc...

  2. Sami tourism in destination development: conflict and collaboration

    Olsen, Lise Smed

    2016-01-01

    Indigenous tourism has become an important component of the tourism industry. Previous indigenous tourism research has indicated three conflict areas that can have an impact on destination development - internal conflicts over indigenous identity, the use of indigenous culture in destination...... through stakeholder collaboration in Jokkmokk, Sweden and Kautokeino, Norway. The study indicates that collaboration between destination marketing organisations and Sami stakeholders has been initiated and has improved destination marketing. Conflicts relating to indigenous identity and land use are more...

  3. Does Coordination of Immigration Policies among Destination Countries Increase Immigration?

    Rose Skaksen, Jan; Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj; Aastrup Jensen, Claus

    2007-01-01

    We set up a theoretical model to analyze the implications of coordination of immigration policies among destination countries. The model contains two types of spill-overs between destination countries: A terms of trade externality and a welfare policy externality. We show that while coordination unambiguously increases welfare of the destination countries, the effects on the level of immigration and on the income distribution of natives are ambiguous. Thus, coordination among destination coun...

  4. Understanding tourist recommendation through destination image: A CHAID analysis

    Agapito, Dora; Valle, Patrícia Oom do; Mendes, Júlio

    2012-01-01

    In spite of the efforts of marketers and managers to boost a favourable destination image, with a focus on encouraging tourists‟ revisit, other factors contribute to tourists‟ decision-making processes with regard to revisiting destinations. Moreover, recommendation from family and friends are considered to be the most credible source of information in the process of choosing a holiday destination, becoming relevant that studies on destination loyalty focus on this variable. Therefore, this r...

  5. Implications of Destination Loyalty in Soccer Premier League in Iran

    Hashem Kozechian

    2014-01-01

    Soccer premier leagues` authorities in Iran are supposed to consider spectators and fans` concerns in to consideration in order to substantiate their destination loyalty. Based on the literature review, safety, service quality, destination image and social environment may be antecedents of destination loyalty in sport tourism. The present study develops a theoretical background in this respect.

  6. Trip Generation Model Based on Destination Attractiveness

    YAO Liya; GUAN Hongzhi; YAN Hai

    2008-01-01

    Traditional trip generation forecasting methods use unified average trip generation rates to determine trip generation volumes in various traffic zones without considering the individual characteristics of each traffic zone.Therefore,the results can have significant errors.To reduce the forecasting error produced by uniform trip generation rates for different traffic zones,the behavior of each traveler was studied instead of the characteristics of the traffic zone.This paper gives a method for calculating the trip efficiency and the effect of traffic zones combined with a destination selection model based on disaggregate theory for trip generation.Beijing data is used with the trip generation method to predict trip volumes.The results show that the disaggregate model in this paper is more accurate than the traditional method.An analysis of the factors influencing traveler behavior and destination selection shows that the attractiveness of the traffic zone strongly affects the trip generation volume.

  7. Social Media Strategies and Destination Management

    Munar, Ana Maria

    2012-01-01

    This study provides insights into social media practices and strategic considerations used by destination management organizations (DMOs). It examines a theoretical model of generic social media strategies for destination management and applies qualitative methods to analyze the social media...... initiatives of DMOs of Denmark, Norway, Finland, Sweden and the Scandinavian Tourist Board Asia/Pacific in the Nordic European Region. The study provides empirical evidence of emerging social media strategies among DMOs and confirms the growing importance of these new media. The findings point to the...... conflicting relationship between corporate culture and social media culture, the challenges innovative communication tools present for traditional management structures, poor levels of formalization and the lack of a knowledge base which results in ad-hoc decision making. Overall, the paper discusses the...

  8. City Image – As Tourism Destination

    Stanciulescu Gabriela Cecilia

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is a competitive industry, even on a global scale. If access to a destination or attraction is too complicated, time consuming, expensive or not providing adequate capacity, even the most spectacular attraction will remain a secret to most tourists, as they will prefer competitive alternatives” (Smiths, 2003. And to continue this, it is considered that „that cultural differences and uniqueness are important if one wants cultural products to become a commercial success” (Lindenberg, 2004. When cultural tourists are looking to experiment or to improve their knowledge, the question is: “Which are the best strategies and practices to market that experience and knowledge for the cultural tourists” (Kantanen, 2005. This paper will be dedicated to presenting city tourist destinations, their marketing and market positioning, also to analyze the way in which potential customers’ perception is built and how the process can be influenced, and to analyze the way the tourist product is assembled.

  9. Innovative Governance Strategies in Meetings Destination Networks

    Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Larson, Mia

    2013-01-01

    the bureaucratic culture of public administration and the marketing culture adopted by private tourism firms (Palmer 1996). This regional coordinating role must be undertaken in spite of limited ownership, budget or power to control how individual firms deliver (D’Angella & Go 2007). Furthermore, various actors...... Organisations (DMOs). These conditions lead to ambiguity and conflicts regarding strategic planning, authoritative decision making, development of a clear destination brand identity and unanimous support during destination brand delivery. Lacking the predictability of corporate organisational structures, DMOs...... on a comparative analysis of Convention Bureaus (CVBs) and the network around them in the two cities, the study sheds light on governance strategies adopted by the convenors in order to mobilize meetings industry stakeholders across cultural, institutional and political borders. Conceptual approach The theoretical...

  10. Tourism destinations as digital business ecosystems

    Baggio, Rodolfo

    2012-01-01

    Tourism has been experiencing very relevant changes since when Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), in all their forms, have started to pervade the industry and the market. In the last decade, a new concept gained the attention of both researchers and practitioners, that of Digital Business Ecosystem (DBE). It can be considered as a technological infrastructure aimed at creating a digital environment to support and enhance networking between enterprises and stakeholders operating within a sector. Aim of this paper is to assess the extent to which the technological connection has affected the structural configuration of the tourism system and, specifically, of tourism destinations. The present study argues that two components can be considered when assessing the relationships among stakeholders within a tourism destination: a real and a virtual one. Further it shows how these two components are structurally strongly coupled and co-evolve forming a single system.

  11. The competitiveness of Brazilian tourist destinations

    Barbosa, Luiz Gustavo Medeiros

    2013-01-01

    This thesis proposes a construct to measure the competitiveness of Brazilian tourist destinations and orient the actions of public and private tourism managers. The model of this study is based on a relevant literature review, a panel with specialists that have expertise in Brazilian tourism and field research. The investigation was carried out in 15 Brazilian tourist cities, representative of the socioeconomic diversity that characterises the heterogeneity of a developing country. The result...

  12. Tourist destination branding on social networks

    Radenković-Šošić Bojana; Bulut Ivana; Zeremski Aleksandar V.

    2012-01-01

    Social networks have become the modern means of communication. Intensive electronic word of mouth to mouth (eWOM) leads to faster sharing of experiences, and the creation of positive and negative attitudes. On the other hand, branding of tourist destinations has become one of the most powerful resources in the implementation of marketing strategies in tourism. The aim of this study, which is based on primary research, is to examine the concept of electronic word of mouth, as well as the role ...

  13. Public marketing in supporting the tourist destinations

    Grigorescu, Adriana; Balalia (Iosif), Alina Elena

    2009-01-01

    National policies and public marketing of destinations should cover measures on broadening the supply of travel agencies, on intensifying promotion actions for the offered touristic product. In order to achieve this, it is necessary to choose modern means of promotion so that tourists remain informed on existing and available accommodation, accommodation rates, recreation and entertainment means, booking and payment methods. This paper aims to discuss about a suitable public marketing in the ...

  14. Competitive destination analysis in Southern European countries

    Águas, Paulo; Veiga, Célia; Reis, Helena

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyse the competitiveness of the European Union Member States of Southern Europe (France, Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain) as tourist destinations for European Union Member States of Central and Northern Europe (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Germany, The Netherlands, Ireland, Sweden and the UK). Design/methodology/approach – Application of the market share analysis tool, initially developed by Faulkner, using secondary data from Eurosta...

  15. Bell Experiments with Random Destination Sources

    Sciarrino, F.; Vallone, G.; Cabello, A.; Mataloni, P.

    2010-01-01

    It is generally assumed that sources sending randomly two particles to one or two different observers, named here random destination sources (RDS), cannot by used for genuine quantum nonlocality tests because of the postselection loophole. We demonstrate that Bell experiments not affected by the postselection loophole may be performed with: (i) RDS and local postselection using perfect detectors, (ii) RDS, local postselection, and fair sampling assumption with any detection efficiency, and (i...

  16. Destination image: Origins, Developments and Implications

    Sérgio Dominique Ferreira Lopes

    2011-01-01

    Over the last few decades, tourism has become one of the main sectors of the global economy, not only because of its contribution to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of different countries, but also because of the employment it generates. Since 2009, however, the results of tourism have been severely affected by the economic and financial crisis and it is now essential to analyze the key elements of tourist consumer behavior. In this context, the image that a destination transmits to the mark...

  17. Destination image: perspectives of tourists vs. residents

    Agapito, Dora; Mendes, Júlio; Valle, Patrícia Oom do

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to measure the image of Lagos in the Algarve region, the most important Portuguese destination, using a cognitive, affective and behavioral approach. Given the lack of studies which compare the perspectives of tourists and residents, the empirical investigation includes a mixed methodology enabling a holistic approach followed by a quantitative methodology with the use of questionnaires for both tourists and residents. The attributes that are more consensually associated with ...

  18. Thematic Routes - Tourist Destinations in Romania

    Mihaela DINU; Adrian CIOACA

    2008-01-01

    Thematic routes have become greatly demanded ”fashionable” tourist destinations, in recent years. In many countries they gained popularity not only through their value as individual objectives, but also through their attraction, generated by the association of tourist objectives, in a larger region. The main purpose of this article is to analyze the main Romanian thematic routes, as part of the European routes, or as regional/local routes, specific on a national level, their actual condition ...

  19. NON-SKELETON BUILDING OF MULTIPURPOSE DESTINATION

    В.М. Першаков

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available  The non-skeleton structure of multipurpose destination is developed from typical reinforce-concrete slabs and intended for building of objects of agroindustrial complex. Fixed building is under the test loadings. After researches was established, that a construction has sufficient bearing capacity. Non-skeleton building is urgent for storage of agricultural production and storage of eguipment, placing of markets and sport complexes.

  20. Managements and marketing in Korca tourist destination

    Esmeralda Shkira

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is characterized as being a sector that stands out as one of the business activities with the greatest potential for worldwide expansion and as an engine for economic growth. If at the national level, the appeal of tourism is significant, on the local level this sector presents itself as an essential tool in regional development, as a means to avoid regional desertification and stagnation, stimulating the potential of more undeveloped regions. In such a competitive sector as tourism, companies should develop synergies and achieve competitive advantage. This paper reports on experiences and activities that are taken in destination management and marketing in Korça tourist region. Primarily it is told about importance of management and the role of marketing in the development of tourist destination and how to be combined them to grow up competitive advantages. Then are described all main problems of destination management and marketing in Korça region and all problems that are viewed in tourist villages of this region. In the end is suggested a model that can be used to develop sustainable tourism, to grow up profits and to reduce negative impacts that would come from this industry.

  1. VARIABLES OF THE IMAGE OF TOURIST DESTINATION

    Ban Olimpia

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available The image of a destination is more than a distinguishing element; it is a component of the supply and brings more value to it. The image of a destination can be the decisive component, while the other elements re relatively alike (1. The image of a tourist destination is strongly connected to the image of a country, the image of a nation and the image of a place. The image of a place is formed for a receiver naturally by accumulating experiences with that place, the use of the sources of personal and impersonal information. For the transmitter, the image is the result of some direct and indirect actions. The branding of the place is the conscientious and coordinated process of an image achievement. In the paper there are presented some examples of actions of image research, an essential step having in view the branding or re-branding It is presented a study of the citizens of Oradea regarding their perception of tourist Romania.

  2. The image of Norway as tourist destination presented in the Russian travel blogs

    Klimova, Ekaterina

    2015-01-01

    destination image, international tourism, Norway as a tourist destination, Russian tourists, Russian tourists in Scandinavia, formation of destination image, destination brand, blogs, travel blogs, Russian tourist market, Russian blogosphere, content analysis, qualitative method, NVIVO, tourism and literature

  3. BUCOVINA AS A TOURIST DESTINATION AND THE IMPACT OF THE RECENT INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL CRISIS. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR A MODERN DESTINATION MANAGEMENT APPROACH IN INTERNATIONAL DESTINATION MARKETING

    Heike BÄHRE

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Bucovina is a cultural landscape in the triangle bordered between the Ukraine, Romania and Moldova. Based on a theoretical planning approach in destination marketing management, Bucovina is to be regarded as a destination situated at the end of the involvement stage of the Tourism Area Life Cycle (TALC. Literature, internet research, qualitative interviews, and on site-observations depict Bucovina as a travel destination. The authors explore the impact of the financial crisis on Bucovina and forecast the destination trend for the next few years. Finally, they give recommendations for development of the Bucovina region in a sustainable, rapid and regulated manner.

  4. Review of Literature of the Rural Heritage Tourism Destination

    Kadi Alaa J.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Rural heritage tourism destination management is an essential knowledge area that should be investigated to achieve sustainable destination, especially for an emerging destination. The goal of this process is to ensure that these elements are thoroughly inspected and rigidly organized due to the main concepts, theories, methods and approaches mentioning different perspectives to tackle these certain elements. In order to cope with the complexity of the relation between the destination elements and its characteristics and sequence of the maturity of the selected destination, all that needs in-depth knowledge to assist the researchers in developing and improving different types of approaches and tools, and in structuring and assessing the destination. We develop a neat backbone literature review concerning the all aspects of the sustainable rural heritage tourism destination. We review the existing methods, approaches and theories applied on the relative field, and further study the relevant challenges that have been the target of investigation in the academic literature. The paper is intended to be the newest and the most important existing study on the topic of rural heritage emerging tourism destination. The results are particularly relevant to practitioners seeking a better grasp on managing tourism destination as well as achieving sustainability in tourism destinations. As a major finding of the review, the results strongly suggest the need for more practitioner-oriented and industry-driven empirical studies in the area of flexible managerial framework to cope with special and dynamic characteristics of different tourism destinations.

  5. Promotion as a Tool in Sustaining the Destination Marketing Activities

    Ivo Mulec

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Promoting the tourism destination in the right and best possible way is today one of vital marketing activities of all Destination Management Organizations. Only successful promotion can entice and attract potential travelers to visit the destination. The number of new destinations is increasing every year and some of them are quite similar. Market segmentation is one of the starting points for devising marketing strategy. Only by presenting the destination to the right segment of potential clients in the right way will a destination maximize the effectiveness of its marketing and promotion. Tourism destination marketers will continue to face considerable challenges in the future: they will have to take account of the needs, wants and expectations of more mature and knowledgeable customers, and the corresponding need for more up-to-date and reliable information upon which to base decision-making. In the future only marketing which includes collaborative dimensions will meet its objectives fully.

  6. Source and destination memory: two sides of the same coin?

    Lindner, Isabel; Drouin, Héloïse; Tanguay, Annick F N; Stamenova, Vessela; Davidson, Patrick S R

    2015-01-01

    Whereas source memory involves remembering from whom you have heard something, destination memory involves remembering to whom you have told something. Despite its practical relevance, destination memory has been studied little. Recently, two reports suggested that generally destination memory should be poorer than source memory, and that it should be particularly difficult for older people. We tested these predictions by having young and older participants read sentences to two examiners (destination encoding) and listen to sentences read by two examiners (source encoding), under intentional (Experiment 1) or incidental encoding (Experiments 2 and 3). Only in Experiment 3 (in which cognitive demands during destination encoding were increased) was destination memory significantly poorer than source memory. In none of the experiments were older adults inferior to the young on destination or source memory. Destination- and source-memory scores were significantly correlated. Item memory was consistently superior for sentences that had been read out loud (during destination encoding) versus those that had been heard (during source encoding). Destination memory needs not always be poorer than source memory, appears not to be particularly impaired by normal ageing and may depend on similar processes to those supporting source memory. PMID:24786758

  7. Pakistani labour emigration: new destinations in Europe

    Nasra M. Shah

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In the first part of this paper a historical overview is made of Pakistani labour emigration to the countries of the Persian Gulf, and to Anglo-Saxon countries in general and to the United Kingdom in particular. In the second part of the paper the new European labourmarkets which Pakistani emigrants have been increasingly discovering is analyzed. In this sense, Spain has become one of the new destinations. The author goes on to point out the specific nature of this new situation and at the same time details some of the future implications for Spain.

  8. Cognitive components of rural tourism destination images

    Kokkali, Panagiota; Koutsouris, Alex; Chrysochou, Polymeros

    This paper aims at exploring issues related to rural tourism destination image focusing on TDI cognitive components. By means of empirical research addressing tourists visiting the Lake Plastiras area, Central Greece, the cognitive components of the area's TDI were identified along with their......; (3) visitors can be classified in four clusters according the cognitive factors; (4) tourists' clusters differ in terms of age, education and income as well as number of visits and perception of the area's attractiveness. Such findings point towards the need of both a new strategy for the area...

  9. Plan de negocio para la creacion de la empresa Archaeological Destination S.A.S.

    Barrera Pachón, Angie Katherine

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo contiene el plan de negocios para la creación de la empresa Archaeological Destination S.A.S, empresa destinada a prestar servicios de turismo arqueológico en Bogotá. El proyecto incluye los estudios de mercado, operacional, administrativo y financiero necesarios para evaluar la viabilidad de la creación de la empresa. Al finalizar los estudios se concluye que el proyecto es rentable y viable de realizar.

  10. CAPITAL FLOWS AND THEIR SECTORAL DESTINATIONS

    Petris Sorina

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Since 2003, New European Union Member States have made large capital inflows, which led to a credit crunch and recession. Whether they are foreign direct investment, or banking flows, capital inflows ultimately affect GDP, depending on how they are invested. In the specialty literature, analysis of capital flows was done especially in terms of their structure, with a lack of analysis in terms of final destination of capital inflows. Therefore, we analyzed the effect of capital inflows on GDP in the New Member States of the European Union (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania and Slovakia over the last economic cycle. Based on experiences of the new Member States during the recent boom and crisis, the paper studies the impact of capital inflows on GDP growth, inflows channeled to economic sectors, such as real estate and corporate investment sector. The results of this research tries to highlight the extent to which the final destination of capital flows is important for the evolution of GDP.

  11. Marketing of a destination: Jordan as a case study

    Alhroot, Abdel-Hafiz Hussein Jaddou

    2007-01-01

    This study investigates the internal and external environmental factors that affect destination marketing in Jordan and the use of the destination marketing concept by tourism companies in Jordan. Furthermore, special emphasis is placed on investigating and identifying the existing relationship between the internal and external factors in destination marketing by pinpointing the factors being used by tourism companies and those factors that contribute to the attraction of touri...

  12. Destination image of Porvoo on travel and lifestyle blogs

    Pennanen, Sonja

    2014-01-01

    User generated content on social media can have nowadays a prominent impact on consumers’ behaviour and purchase decisions. This thesis aims to examine the destination image of Porvoo as a tourist destination on Finnish and international travel and lifestyle blog entries. The thesis is commisioned by Porvoo City tourism and marketing unit. Firstly, the thesis will provide a literature review about relevant concepts related to the topic. Definitions of destination branding, brand and image...

  13. The sensory brand of the destination. Case study: Transylvania

    Mihail-Cristian DIŢOIU; Aurelia-Felicia STĂNCIOIU; Gabriel BRĂTUCU; Lucian-Florin ONIŞOR; Andreea BOTOȘ

    2014-01-01

    Destinations can be considered a predominantly experiential tourism product in the context of sensory marketing, which would be the best instrument for creating, communicating and delivering the experiential values of the tourism product, and for developing the sensory brand of a destination. Given that, generally speaking, the geographic area of a destination is difficult to market (because of the multitude of component entities that must have the same vision, although comp...

  14. Golf destinations' brand personality: the case of the Algarve

    Pereira, Rosária Luísa Gomes

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to develop and validate a measurement scale to assess golf destinations’ brand personality and therefore to perceive the destination personality of the Algarve as a golf destination. Based on literature review on human personality, brand personality, destination brand image and marketing scales validation procedures, an initial 36 unrepeated items were the base for a survey instrument. Those items were generated from the literature, from the results of individu...

  15. New Destination Development and Promotion-India-Importance

    Patwardhan, Saurabh

    2009-01-01

    The tourism industry in India is on the upswing, with major investments made into India and with the changing trends in consumption patterns, it is essential to develop new destinations in India. In order to bridge the gap between demand and supply, it is essential to create a product which the consumers today want. This study focuses on understanding the factors which make a tourist destination successful in India. The research looks upon available research in the field of destination develo...

  16. Choosing Ecotourism Destinations for Vacations: A Decision-Making Process

    Eugene E. Ezebilo

    2013-01-01

    Although ecotourism is fast growing industry information on travels to different ecotourism destinations are often not easily accessible. This paper reports reviews of literature on eco-tourists behaviour regarding choice of destination for ecotourism and factors influencing the choice. The importance of information in marketing of ecotourism and eco-tourists’ satisfaction are discussed. The eco-tourists who are visiting a destination for the first time go through all stages in the decision-m...

  17. RESEARCH ON TOURISM DESTINATIONS MARKETING FROM THE PUBLIC RELATIONS’ PERSPECTIVE

    Gabriela ARIONESEI; Ivan, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Nowadays, tourism destinations are more and more determined to build a unique and competitive identity and image in consumers’ minds. Even though the marketing of tourism destinations has been awarded an intended purpose, in practice there is a lack of steadiness, sometimes an unexplained deficiency of empirical academic research. In some countries, many without "a tradition in tourism", building a marketing strategy for travel destinations is based on artificial and without substance images/...

  18. Tourists' Transformation Experience: From Destination Architecture to Identity Formation

    Ye, Helen Yi; Tussyadiah, Iis

    2010-01-01

    Today’s tourists seek unique destinations that could associate with their self identity in a profound way. It is meaningful for destinations to design unique physical elements that offer transformational travel experiences. This study aims at identifying how tourists encounter architecture in a...... destination and if architecture facilitates tourists’ self transformation. Based on narrative structure analysis by deconstruction of travel blog posts, the results suggest that tourists perceive architectural landscape as an important feature that reflects destinations’ identity. Four different interaction...

  19. Modelling the Image Research of a Tourism Destination

    Nicolae Teodorescu; Ion Pârgaru; Aurelia-Felicia Stancioiu; Elena Matei

    2014-01-01

    The problematic area of the tourism destination image has a high expansion in marketing, the efforts of its conceptualization and phenomenalism being remarkable among specialists. In this context, the authors propose a systemic approach, the result of which refers to a model regarding the image research of a tourism destination, whose validation has been attained using Transalpina destination. The model created by the authors envisages morphological features and specific functional relationsh...

  20. Tourism Destination Image Formation – The Case of Dubrovnik, Croatia

    Tanja Kesić; Ivana Pavlić

    2011-01-01

    Competitiveness in the tourism industry has become increasingly demanding, implying competition not only among the countries in close geographic proximity but also among regions and even competition at the global level. A large number of existing and new destinations are competing for tourists in order to enhance their results, with destination image being one of the key sources of competitive advantage. When planning destination development, an emphasis must be placed on the formation of a p...

  1. Image analysis of a tourist destination: Malaga, Spain

    Almeida García, Fernando; Janire, Domínguez-Azkue

    2015-01-01

    The destination image is multidimensional in nature and the knowledge the individuals have of the destination and also their personal traits and opinions play an important role in it. Therefore, it is a complex construction in which the different information sources are decisive. Thus, the destination image plays a key role in both marketing and tourism location. The city of Malaga, located in Southern Spain, lies on the Costa del Sol (Coast of the Sun), a tourist area largely identified ...

  2. A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF TOURIST SATISFACTION AND DESTINATION LOYALTY

    Ahmad Puad Mat Som; Seyedeh Fatemeh Mostafavi Shirazi; Azizan Marzuki; Jamil Jusoh

    2011-01-01

    Revisit intention and positive word of mouth recommendation have been regarded as indicators of destination loyalty. This study considers antecedents of loyalty based on literature review and examines the significance of image, as one of the basic elements in tourist destination. The objective of this study was to assess destination loyalty by examining the influence of satisfaction and image factors on international tourists who had visited Penang. Research findings indicated that there was ...

  3. Effects of Films and Television Dramas on Destination Image

    Pars Şahbaz

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is bring up the effects of films and television dramas on destination image. Image is a picture and a imagery which ia about destination and also image affects the purchase decision making. The population of the study contains domestic tourists who visited Mardin. The result of the study suggests that there is a substantive relationship between destination images and films and television dramas.

  4. Effects of Films and Television Dramas on Destination Image

    Pars Şahbaz; Arzu Kılıçlar

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study is bring up the effects of films and television dramas on destination image. Image is a picture and a imagery which ia about destination and also image affects the purchase decision making. The population of the study contains domestic tourists who visited Mardin. The result of the study suggests that there is a substantive relationship between destination images and films and television dramas.

  5. Strategic Management of Tourism Destinations: A Dynamic Capabilities Perspective

    Murray, Noel

    2013-01-01

    Managing tourism destinations is a multifaceted phenomenon due to the fragmented nature of the industry, where stakeholders such as private enterprises, public agencies and community groups operate in a relatively autonomous way. These diverse stakeholder groups generally collaborate through marketing initiatives to promote the tourism destination offering. However, there is a growing consensus that the Destination Management Organisation (DMO) has assumed a broader management mandate. Touris...

  6. Algorithm for Route Planning with Multiple Intermediate Destinations

    Mainali, Manoj Kanta; Mabu, Shingo; Hirasawa, Kotaro

    The optimal route recommendation in navigation systems is often considered to be the optimal route recommendation between two locations, i.e., an origin and a destination. However, in practical scenarios, traveling to several intermediate destinations before the final destination needs to be considered. Conventional route search algorithms cannot consider such restrictions in the route search. In this paper, a method to find the optimal route via several intermediate destinations is proposed. The proposed method is divided into three steps. In the first step, the conventional route search algorithm is used to find the optimal traveling time and optimal route among the origin, intermediate destinations and final destination. In the second step, the visiting order of the intermediate destination is optimized using the population based RasID-D (RasID-DP) to minimize the total traveling time. Finally, the optimal route from the origin to destination is determined based on the results of the previous steps. The proposed method is evaluated based on the efficiency of the optimization of the visiting order of intermediate destinations. Simulation results show that RasID-DP based optimization can find better solutions efficiently.

  7. Assessing the effectiveness of consumer narratives for destination marketing

    Tussyadiah, Iis; Park, S.; Fesenmaier, D.R.

    2011-01-01

    Using tourists' stories to promote destinations is believed to be an innovative approach in destination marketing. This study conceptualizes and investigates the effectiveness of such an approach. This study supports the underlying premise of introducing narrative in marketing, that is, the...... narrative reasoning that human beings possess with which they can retrieve information better through a story. Furthermore, it is argued that the increased knowledge of a destination will have a stronger effect on the intention to visit a destination if the audiences can identify themselves with the story...

  8. Predictors of trips to food destinations

    Kerr Jacqueline

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Food environment studies have focused on ethnic and income disparities in food access. Few studies have investigated distance travelled for food and did not aim to inform the geographic scales at which to study the relationship between food environments and obesity. Further, studies have not considered neighborhood design as a predictor of food purchasing behavior. Methods Atlanta residents (N = 4800 who completed a travel diary and reported purchasing or consuming food at one of five food locations were included in the analyses. A total of 11,995 food-related trips were reported. Using mixed modeling to adjust for clustering of trips by participants and households, person-level variables (e.g. demographics, neighborhood-level urban form measures, created in GIS, and trip characteristics (e.g. time of day, origin and destination were investigated as correlates of distance travelled for food and frequency of grocery store and fast food outlet trips. Results Mean travel distance for food ranged from 4.5 miles for coffee shops to 6.3 miles for superstores. Type of store, urban form, type of tour, day of the week and ethnicity were all significantly related to distance travelled for food. Origin and destination environment, type of tour, day of week, age, gender, income, ethnicity, vehicle access and obesity status were all significantly related to visiting a grocery store. Home neighborhood environment, day of week, type of tour, gender, income, education level, age, and obesity status were all significantly related to likelihood of visiting a fastfood outlet. Conclusions The present study demonstrated that people travel sizeable distances for food and this distance is related to urban. Results suggest that researchers need to employ different methods to characterize food environments than have been used to assess urban form in studies of physical activity. Food is most often purchased while traveling from locations other

  9. Bright Prospects for Argyle in Tourist Destinations

    2011-01-01

    China's tourist boom has created a huge market for resort hotels.Tourist attractions in second- and third-tier cities have become preferred destinations for hotel investors.Argyle Management Group (Australia) is taking the lead in this trend.Argyle Feiyunhu Resort Zhejiang Argyle Feiyunhu Resort Zhejiang in Wenzhou,currently under construction,is an excellent example.This five-star hotel enjoys transportation convenience both on land and on water.Guests can reach the hotel through a special tourist wharf.Located in the Feiyun Lake scenic area,the hotel will have complete equipment,with a conference center,a business center,a horseracing track and a miniature golf course.

  10. Destination Sequenced – Distance Vector Algorithm

    Anto Ramya. S. I

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET is an infrastructure where nodes communicate without any central administration. Nodes are connected through wireless channels and can use multiple hops to exchange data. Routing protocols are needed for communication in such networks. Each node acts both as a router and host concurrently, which can move out or join the network freely. The instantly created network does not have any base infrastructure as used in conventional networks, but it is compatible with conventional networks. This paper discusses about the Destination – Sequenced Distance Vector (DSDV which is a modification of the conventional Bellman-Ford routing algorithm. It addresses the drawbacks related to the poor looping properties of Routing Information Protocol (RIP in the face of broken links. The modification adapted in DSDV makes it more suitable routing protocol for MANETs. This paper discusses about the DSDV protocol and analyses the properties of DSDV when it is used for MANET routing.

  11. Ground waters quality assessment near solid municipal wastes and hazardous landfills; Valutazione della qualita' delle acque profonde in prossimita' di impianti di discarica per rifiuti solidi urbani e per rifiuti pericolosi

    Bellino, M.; Falleni, F.; Forte, T.; Musmeci, L. [Istituto Superiore di Sanita' , Rome (Italy). Lab. di Igiene Ambientale

    1999-07-01

    The report discusses the impact on ground waters quality in relation to municipal and similar waste landfills and hazardous waste landfills, examined in three landfills of first category and one landfill of second category type C. Analytical results from sampling of ground and leaching waters are reported; from these results it can be deduced that environmental impact is minimum or non-existent, where law criteria for construction and management of landfills are respected. [Italian] Il rapporto esamina l'impatto sulla qualita' delle acque profonde dovuto agli impianti di discarica per rifiuti solidi urbani e assimilabili e per rifiuti pericolosi, rispettivamente di tre discariche controllate di prima categoria ed una di seconda di tipo C. Vengono riportate le risultanze analitiche relative ai campionamenti per la costruzione e gestione delle discariche. L'impatto ambientale e' minimo se non assente.

  12. Exploring Familiarity and Destination Choice in International Tourism

    Lee, G.; Tussyadiah, Iis

    2012-01-01

    tourists' characteristics and the destination choices. The results indicate that (1) teens and people in their 50s and above were interested in visiting more popular places, (2) tourists who are more familiar with Japan tended to visit less popular destinations, and (3) tourists with more travel...

  13. Inter-destination Media Synchronization for TV broadcasts

    Mekuria, R.N.

    2011-01-01

    This thesis presents a study on the application of inter-destination synchronization for TV-broadcasting. Inter-destination media synchronization implies synchronizing media output at different receivers. This thesis starts by investigating differences in media output between receivers of TV broadca

  14. Monitoring of pesticides and nitrates on water, soil and agricultural production in the Bracciano lake district; Monitoraggio di pesticidi e nitrati nelle acque, suolo, e prodotti agricoli nel bacino del lago di Bracciano

    Caffarelli, V.; Correnti, A. [ENEA, Div. Biotecnologie e Agricoltura, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy); Cecchini, G.; Frugis, A.; Segatori, M. [WRc Italia SpA, Gruppo ACEA, Centro di Ricerca e Sviluppo, Rome (Italy); Conte, E.; Milani, R.; Morali, G. [Istituto Sperimentale per la Patologia Vegetale, Rome (Italy); Ciampi, G. [Agenzia Regionale per l' Innovazione e lo Sviluppo in Agricoltura del Lazio, Rome (Italy)

    2001-07-01

    In the Bracciano Lake district, in actuation of the 2081/93 EEC, obj. 5b, a study was carried out, aimed to the realisation of a territorial informative system and supply technical support to the farmers for phyto pathological problems. A monitoring program has been realized for pesticide and nitrate in environmental samples and agricultural products. Five hundred and sixteen samples have been collected and analysed, from march 1999 to October 2000: 191 samples of water (ground and surface water), 20 samples of soil, 340 samples of agricultural products (vegetables and fruit). Pesticides were found in irrigation water and soil samples; the irregularities on agricultural products, 3% could disappear if the treatments are correct and respect the label indications. [Italian] In attuazione del regolamento 2081/93 ECC ob.5 b, nel bacino del lago di Bracciano, e' stato realizzato uno studio mirato alla realizzazione di un sistema informativo territoriale e a fornire un supporto tecnico per la gestione della difesa fitosanitaria della produzione agricola. Una campagna di monitoraggio e' stata realizzata per l'analisi della presenza di pesticidi in campioni ambientali e nei prodotti agricoli. Sono stati prelevati e analizzati 516 campioni nel periodo marzo '99. Ottobre 2000: 191 campioni di acque superficiali e di falda, 20 campioni di suolo, 340 campioni (frutta e vegetali). Pesticidi sono stati ritrovati nelle acque di irrigazione e nel suolo; la presenza di irregolarita' riscontrate nel 3% dei prodotti agricoli, e' da attribuire a un uso non corretto dei prodotti fitosanitari.

  15. Moderating Effects of Craftourism on Place Attachment and Destination Loyalty

    Arup Kumar Baksi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Practice of traditional handicrafts play a significant role in enhancing destination attractiveness. Visitors assign considerable weightage to local craft practices to satisfy their desire to participate in the learning and production process, a case of role-reversal. Promoting this scope of role-reversal has been used by the Destination Marketing Organizations as differentiators. Craftourism has gained considerable momentum. This paper focuses on examining the moderating effects of craftourism on place attachment and destination loyalty. Dimensions of craftourism were identified by applying suitable statistical procedure. The results revealed craftourism, with option for visitors to enact role-reversal, improves the chances of destination loyalty following antecedent effects of place attachment. Keywords: craftourism, place attachment, destination loyalty, visitor, moderating

  16. HOW TO MAKE A DESTINATION MORE COMPETITIVE IN TOURISM

    GABRIEL SANDA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to make an overview on the concept of destination competitiveness, starting with the importance of tourism in the economy and ending with what actually means the concept, taking into consideration also the importance of developing quality tourism products.Powerful destinations manage to attract millions of tourists annually. The key of establishing proper strategies for tourism destinations is to determine the competitiveness of a tourism destination. This subject has been researched by many important researchers from the tourism area and the findings obtained can help marketers. It must also be taken into discussion the fact that competitiveness may not only relate to factors of related to the destination

  17. Online information Impact in the virtual destination image formation

    Célia Maria Conceição Salmim Rafael

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The influence of the destination image in the decision process and choice of destination by tourists is transverse to its intangible nature. Recent studies expand and modify the conventional image constructs specifying information sources transmitted through the internet. The scenario resulting from the literature review allows us to understand the importance of experience for touristic activity and theoretical proposition of virtual tourism as "virtual tourist experience", its determinants and its implications for the overall image destination formation. This study presents a literature review base to the empiric research proposal whose general objective comprises the analysis of the influence of factors, such as interactivity, in online communication and contact with virtual tourism experiences online in image destination formation and image destination.

  18. Destination Image And Tourism: A Study On Chandipur Beach Of Odisha

    Parida, Sandeep kumar

    2015-01-01

    In the competitive world Destination marketing gaining priority with its Destination image. The purpose of this study is to highlight destination image and its economic benefits to tourism industry, with special reference of Chandipur beach of Odisha. This paper also explains the promotion,packaging of destination, by public and private marketing planner with its unique product image. The first part of study is the extensive literature review of Destination image, its role in destination mark...

  19. Church, place, and crime: Latinos and homicide in new destinations.

    Shihadeh, Edward S; Winters, Lisa

    2010-01-01

    Latinos are moving beyond traditional areas and settling in new, potentially disorganized destinations. Without an established immigrant community, new destinations appear to rely more on the local religious ecology to regulate community life and to keep crime low. We examine the link between religious ecology and Latino homicide victimization for traditional and new destination counties. We observe four findings. (1) A Catholic presence has no effect on Latino violence in the old and well-organized traditional settlement areas. But in new Latino settlement areas, a Catholic presence substantially lowers violence against Latinos. In contrast, mainline Protestantism is linked to high levels of violence against Latinos in new destinations. (2) Previous claims that Latino communities are safe do not apply to new destinations, where Latinos are murdered at a high rate. (3) Previous claims that areas with high Latino immigration are safe for Latinos are not true for new destinations. (4) New Latino destinations offer little insulation from the effects of economic deprivation on violence. We discuss the implications of the findings. PMID:20879181

  20. Branding Serbia as a Tourist Destination on the Global Market

    Ivan Paunović

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Destination branding has become one of the most popular contemporary topics, both among tourism practitioners and politicians, because there is strong evidence that strong national destination brand supports commercial brands in industries related to tourism. Therefore, factors that influence destination brand loyalty are of crucial importance for understanding and promoting the brand. Building brand loyalty is not just about repeat buying, but also about building customers emotional attachment to the brand. Global growth and diversification of tourist markets has transformed destinations from “vacation industry” concept, to “industry of experience” concept.The study performed statistical tests with a goal to analyze the factors influencing brand loyalty in Serbia: age, length of stay and daily spending. Additionally, sub-brand loyalty levels are presented (by major destinations inside Serbia, markets of origin and by major themes for travel in order to identify groups of tourists that are more loyal, and the ones that are less loyal to the destination brand of Serbia. The study results and recommendations should be used as a contribution towards designing national and regional destination marketing strategies.

  1. A research for visitors’ perceptions towards Pamukkale destination

    Serkan Bertan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Determining visitor profiles and destination perceptions is useful to enhance competitiveness of Pamukkale as a destination, to contribute sustainable development and to identify strategies for the future. The main purpose of this study is searching the profiles and destination perceptions of visitors towards Pamukkale –as the destination of the thermal tourism city Denizli. For these purposes, German, English, Russian, Turkish and French questionnaires were applied in Pamukkale destination to the visitors who came to the city of Denizli. Out of 902 participants 889 completed the survey and analyzes were carried out of these who finished all of the survey. %42of visitors are domestic and %57 is foreign visitors. T-test and one-way variance analysis were applied to investigate the effect of country, gender, education and income status of visitors towards the attitudes of visitors to Pamukkale destination. Significant differences emerged when the effect of country, gender, education and income status of visitors towards the perceptions of Pamukkale destination is inspected. Scheffe Test was applied due to the significant results of variance analysis.

  2. Planetary chaotic zone clearing: destinations and timescales

    Morrison, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the orbital evolution of particles in a planet's chaotic zone to determine their final destinations and their timescales of clearing. There are four possible final states of chaotic particles: collision with the planet, collision with the star, escape, or bounded but non-collision orbits. In our investigations, within the framework of the planar circular restricted three body problem for planet-star mass ratio $\\mu$ in the range $10^{-9}$ to $10^{-1.5}$, we find no particles hitting the star. The relative frequencies of escape and collision with the planet are not scale-free, as they depend upon the size of the planet. For planet radius $R_p\\ge0.001R_H$ where $R_H$ is the planet's Hill radius, we find that most chaotic zone particles collide with the planet for $\\mu\\lesssim10^{-5}$; particle scattering to large distances is significant only for higher mass planets. For fixed ratio $R_p/R_H$, the particle clearing timescale, $T_{cl}$, has a broken power-law dependence on $\\mu$. A shallower power...

  3. [Which vaccinations for which travel-destination?].

    De Crom, Susan; Veit, Olivia; Hatz, Christoph

    2016-01-01

    Several vaccinations are recommended to protect international travellers, especially to tropical countries, from diseases in other parts of the world. Firstly, the routine schedule of childhood vaccinations and booster shots according to the Swiss immunisation programme should be checked, updated or even completed. Additional vaccinations against hepatitis A and B, typhoid fever, poliomyelitis, rabies or Japanese encephalitis may be recommended. This will depend on a number of factors including the exact destination and route (developing countries, rural areas), planned activities (backpacker, family visit, business trip), duration of travel, season, age of the traveller and current health status including the current medication and previous vaccinations. Some vaccinations, such as yellow fever, may be required for travellers to certain countries and the international certificate of vaccination may even be required when entering a country from another country where yellow fever is endemic. The international certificate of vaccination (or a letter of exemption when appropriate) is considered valid only if it is administered by an approved vaccination centre. Furthermore, the meningococcal vaccination (A, C, W, Y) is required for pilgrims to Saudi Arabia. It is recommended to start the vaccinations four to six weeks before departure to ensure enough time to administer all the necessary doses for an adequate immune response. All commonly used vaccines can be administered on the same day. The basic health insurance does not usually cover travel vaccines. PMID:27268450

  4. Partners and innovation in American destination marketing organizations

    Zach, Florian

    2012-01-01

    study focuses on destination marketing organizations (DMOs) as they collaborate with destination businesses to assist in the development of new services in marketing the destination. A national survey among American DMOs indicates that partner collaboration is a significant driver of visitor......-orientated innovation. Specifically, innovation success was found to be driven solely by the development of market-oriented rather than strategyoriented new services, indicating that many of the American DMOs respond to visitor changes at the expense of providing new services that somehow do not fit within current...

  5. RESEARCH ON TOURISM DESTINATIONS MARKETING FROM THE PUBLIC RELATIONS’ PERSPECTIVE

    Gabriela ARIONESEI

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, tourism destinations are more and more determined to build a unique and competitive identity and image in consumers’ minds. Even though the marketing of tourism destinations has been awarded an intended purpose, in practice there is a lack of steadiness, sometimes an unexplained deficiency of empirical academic research. In some countries, many without "a tradition in tourism", building a marketing strategy for travel destinations is based on artificial and without substance images/perceptions of real and potential tourists. The paper describes the role of marketing in the domain of tourism, emphasizing the importance of public relations in the promotion process of the region of Bucovina.

  6. SUSTAINABLE DESTINATION DESIGN – CASE STUDY VALJEVO, SERBIA

    Ivana Damnjanović

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The development of destination in accordance with modern tourism demand can ensure its competitive position. Application of sustainable development principles is one of the opportunities for achieving this goal. Modern travel demand is environmentally and socially responsible and tourism industry needs to respond appropriately. Serbia as undeveloped destination can become competitive if its management essentially complies with sustainability principles. In particular micro-destinations in Serbia that are not sufficiently developed or positioned can use sustainability movement as a basis for its (recreation. Research conducted in Valjevo as its result produced the destinations’ current potential for sustainability and competitiveness.

  7. Research on Psychological Carrying Capacity of Tourism Destination

    Fan Zhiyong; Zhong Sheng

    2009-01-01

    As a part of the carrying capacity system of tourism destination,tourism psychological carrying capacity and its makeup are very important indexes which reflect the harmonious development of tourism destination develops harmoniously,but the academy has not paid enough attention to them.Based on the concept and connotation of psychological carrying capacity,this paper explains the influencing factors which affect the psychological capacity of the tourist and the resident after the acknowledged concept,and then designs a harmonious development model of tourism destination.Finally,it offers some countermeasures against the overloading psychological capacity.

  8. THE BRAND IMAGE OF A SMALL ISLAND DESTINATION

    Perunjodi Naidoo

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Brand image is a prominent marketing tool for destination marketers. A strong brand image implies having an upper-hand over competitors and thus preventing tourists from shifting their purchase intentions to other destinations. This paper examines the brand image attributes of a small island developing state. It also determines the gap between tourists’ expected and perceived brand image attributes. The study uses a focus group to guide the design of the questionnaire. Using factor analysis, the results indicate that the attributes performances exceed expectations, reinforcing the positive brand image of Mauritius. It is also found that the destination’s attractiveness, up-market products, tourist attractions and the tropical setting were among the key factors in determining the brand image of the destination. The study also suggests that over-promising promotional campaigns may affect the brand image of small island developing destinations.

  9. DIFFERENT PERCEPTIONS ABOUT TOURIST IDENTITY IN THE DANUBE GATE DESTINATION

    SABINA GHEORGHECI

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Thus, uncontrollable elements such as nice weather, nature/scenery, accessibility, transformed into controllable elements such as pleasant environment, relaxing atmosphere, infrastructure, can create a favourable artistic image that would determine the tourist to pick the destination. Uncontrollable elements such as local culture, diversity of sport activities, of restaurant, cafes etc. that can increase the value of a destination, transformed into controllable elements such as historical sites, events (cultural activities, festivals etc. form an environment where “there are plenty of things to do” and can create a favourable psychological image that will make the tourist return to this destination. The transformation of these attributes into advantages for the tourist, so that a destination can be differentiated, takes places within a positioning strategy.

  10. WELLNESS TOURISM – COMPETITIVE BASIS OF EUROPEAN HEALTH TOURISM DESTINATION

    Milićević, Snežana; Jovanović, Duško

    2015-01-01

    Wellness tourism, as global phenomenon of the 21st century, has become an imperative for the successful development of health tourism destinations. Millions of tourists travel to destinations all over the world every day, with one goal - to preserve and improve their mental and physical health. Tourism market is characterised by intensive changes, so the task of the health tourism destinations’ management is to follow those changes vigilantly, in order to be able to adjust their offer to the ...

  11. Destination brands and website evaluation: a research methodology

    Fernández-Cavia, J. (José)

    2013-01-01

    Introduction:The World Wide Web has become the primary instrument used by tourists in order to search for information. As a result, tourism websites pertaining to destinations need to be appealing and must convey their brand image in an appropriate, effective manner. However, there is no methodology in place to assess the quality and communicative effectiveness of destination websites that is scientifically sound and universally accepted. The development of such a methodology is one of the ta...

  12. Assessing Tourist Experience Satisfaction with a Heritage Destination

    Yuan YAO

    2013-01-01

    The research is concerned with understanding the relationships among heritage motivation, travel experience, and overall satisfaction. It attempts to uncover how tourist motivation, destination attribute performance, and tourist emotional involvement interact and, at the same time, contribute toward a satisfying heritage tourism experience. The empirical research was conducted at the city of Nanjing, China, as a case of a heritage destination. People who were visiting Nanjing were randomly an...

  13. Cross-border tourism: Spain and Portugal, a common destination

    Maiz-Bar, Carmen; Pardellas, Xulio; Padin, Carmen

    2015-01-01

    A new approach to the analysis of the border between Spain and Portugal, a basically rural territory, requires a debate about local development problems, among which we can find the effects of its configuration as a common tourist destination. This paper presents an assessment of several elements for that debate, and the common resources that can define the area as a common tourist destination. A design model is also provided, which can enable territory planning through the appraisal of those...

  14. How to develop sustainable tourism in rural destinations in Serbia

    Štetić Snežana; Šimičević Dario

    2008-01-01

    The classical distinction between countries of tourist offer and countries of tourist demand has already been surpassed considering that many countries of tourist demand (USA, Germany, Great Britain …) earn much more from tourism than the countries of tourist offer (Italy, Greece, Portugal …). The changes in customers' behaviour are reflected through restructuring of tourist movements towards new destinations. What is essential in creating, promoting and marketing tourist destinations for the...

  15. Competitiveness of Croatian Destinations Through Online Marketing Indicators

    Jasmina Grzinic; Mirela Sucic Cevra

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to determine whether destinations in Croatia follow the trend of the modern market by ensuring first impression quality through an online campaign. The World Tourist Organisation (UNWTO: 2008) takes into consideration categories of web page quality evaluation such as: information level of the destination web site, level of accuracy, level of consistency, type and quality of interaction with visitors, value of visual identity. Web site development requires a user c...

  16. The Effects of Superstition as Destination Attractiveness on Behavioral Intention

    Zhang, Yunzhou

    2012-01-01

    Superstitious beliefs date back thousands of years and continue to the present, and research suggests that superstitious beliefs have a robust influence on product satisfaction and decision making under risk. The study therefore examines how superstition attitude will impact potential touristsâ intention to visit a destination so that relevant organizations (e.g. destination management/marketing organizations) could better understand potential touristsâ behaviors, identify a niche market ...

  17. Sport Tourism and Destination Marketing. Case: Innsbruck and Lahti

    Ahvenainen, Jenni

    2013-01-01

    This thesis focuses on researching sport tourism and its role and importance in destination marketing in two cities, Innsbruck and Lahti. The aim of this study is to discover the strengths and weaknesses of these two cities as sport tourism destinations and find out how important a role sport tourism has in the marketing material produced by these cities. Additionally, this thesis provides some ideas on how to develop sport tourism further in the aforementioned cities. This thesis aims t...

  18. ROLE OF MEGA SPORT EVENTS ON BRANDING DESTINATIONS

    Abolfazl Farahani; Habib Honari; Hasan Asadi; Abdul Hamid Zeitoonly; Mohammad Pour Ranjbar

    2011-01-01

    Sporting events to help make creating beautiful scenery and unique areas to tourism. Thepurpose of this study was investigated the role of holding sporting events on destinationsBranding with hosted of mega sports event (Traditional Sport ;hors riding) on branding sportstourism destinations in Golestan province. Data from a questionnaire (Cronbach's alpha = 91%)and interviews were collected. Statistical population of this study was 217 patients (53 expert(cultural heritage; physical education...

  19. BRAND EQUITY OF LAHORE FORT AS A TOURISM DESTINATION BRAND

    Muhammad Kashif; Siti Zakiah Melatu Samsi; Syamsulang Sarifuddin

    2015-01-01

    Studies that measure the brand equity of destination brands by using the Customer-Based Brand Equity (CBBE) model in a developing country context are scarce. The present study investigates the destination brand equity of the Lahore Fort by employing the CBBE model in a developing country context of Pakistan. Following the positivist tradition, we adopted a survey-based approach to collect data from 237 tourists visiting the Lahore Fort. Data were collected through a questionnaire developed to...

  20. Development Strategies for Tourism Destinations: Tourism Sophistication vs. Resource Investments

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates the effectiveness of development strategies for tourism destinations. We argue that resource investments unambiguously increase tourism revenues and that increasing the degree of tourism sophistication, that is increasing the variety of tourism related goods and services, increases tourism activity and decreases the perceived quality of the destination's resource endowment, leading to an ambiguous effect on tourism revenues. We disentangle these two effects and charact...

  1. POTENTIAL TOURIST DESTINATION DEVELOPMENT IN THE ISTRIAN COUNTRYSIDE

    Vodeb, Ksenija; Nemec Rudež, Helena

    2010-01-01

    The modern comprehension of tourist behaviour shows an urgent need to create a tourist destination as a system. Tourism supply needs to be integrated and well coordinated, including all necessary amenities for an enjoyable stay. The paper analyses tourists’ attitudes in coastal destinations of Istria towards sustainable tourist supply in the Istrian countryside. The Karst landscape of Istria consists of rural areas that provide ideal opportunities for rural tourism development. An empirica...

  2. Consuming post-disaster destinations: The case of Sichuan, China

    Biran, A; Liu, W.; Li, G.; Eichhorn, V

    2014-01-01

    Addressing the call for a better understanding of tourist behavior in relation to post-disaster destinations, this study explores the motivations and intentions of potential domestic tourists (from non-hit areas) to visit Sichuan, China in the aftermath of an earthquake. Drawing on dark tourism theories, this study offers a more comprehensive insight into the consumption of post-disaster destinations, aiming to capture the impact of the changes to the destination’s attributes on tourist behav...

  3. Gastronomy: a key element in how tourists experience their destination

    Milfelner, Borut; Lebe, Sonja Sibila

    2015-01-01

    In the present article tourist destination is considered from the viewpoint of experiencing its gastronomy. The theoretical part of the paper is dedicated to the presentation of the role of gastronomy as one of the crucial elements of tourists'' overall experience at their destination. The second part is empirical and based on field research. The data were gathered through an opinion poll based on a self-developed questionnaire, tailor-made for the measurement and validation of gastronomy exp...

  4. South Korea as a tourism destination for Finnish travellers

    Chu, Sujeong

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this thesis was to define South Korea as a tourism destination for Finnish travellers. South Korea seems not to be a very popular destination compared to other Asia country for Finnish travellers. This even though Finnair operates daily straight flight to Seoul and there are many business relationships going on between Finland and South Korea. Therefore, the main target respondent of the thesis is Finnish travellers. Research result from Finnish respondents can give evaluatio...

  5. Destination benchmarking: facilities, customer satisfaction and levels of tourist expenditure

    Metin KOZAK

    2000-01-01

    An extensive review of past benchmarking literature showed that there have been a substantial number of both conceptual and empirical attempts to formulate a benchmarking approach, particularly in the manufacturing industry. However, there has been limited investigation and application of benchmarking in tourism and particularly in tourist destinations. The aim of this research is to further develop the concept of benchmarking for application within tourist destinations and to evaluate its...

  6. DMC as a creator of memorable experiences in tourist destination

    Romana Lekić; Željko Trezner; Nataša Mance

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to integrate some concepts of the Experience Economy and transformational offerings into a conceptual framework of transmodern experience production within tourist destination development. Methodology – We explain the relevance of a tourist experience and sensation, with the DMC space split into three components: the resource space, the activity space and the experience space. Such space gets a sociological connotation as the destination milieu and becom...

  7. Affective tourism destination image: the case of Portorož

    Helena Nemec Rudež (ed.)

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate perceptions of tourists regarding affective tourism destination image of Portorož. Design/methodology/approach – Four semantic differential scales, proposed by Russel and Pratt, were used to for this study to measure pleasant/unpleasant, arousing/sleepy, exciting/gloomy and relaxing/distressing dimensions of affective tourism destination image. The survey instrument was a structured questionnaire. Data were collected across several locatio...

  8. Islands and Destination Image: The Case of Ios

    Stylidis, Dimitrios; Terzidou, Matina; Terzidis, Konstantinos

    2007-01-01

    This study was conducted to identify the image of Ios as a tourist destination as perceived by the visitors, in order to contribute to the formation of an effective marketing plan. The strengths and weaknesses of the image of Ios were measured and presented, accompanied with a number of recommendations. The findings revealed that Ios has a very strong destination image as a party island, with the majority of the visitors being international young students coming to enjoy the relaxing atmosphe...

  9. Country and destination image : similar or different image objects

    Kleppe, Ingeborg Astrid; Mossberg, Lena Larsson

    2001-01-01

    Country Image and Destination Image research exist as two parallel research tracks with almost no cross-references although the concepts refers to almost the same area of applied marketing, namely export products to international consumer markets. In this paper we aim to determine how Country Image and Destination Image refer to the same image objects. Concepts related to Country Image are organized in a hierarchical framework where country image is seen as an image pool for product related i...

  10. Online information Impact in the virtual destination image formation

    Célia Maria Conceição Salmim Rafael; Aurélia Maria da Silva Guerra Rodrigues de Almeida

    2014-01-01

    The influence of the destination image in the decision process and choice of destination by tourists is transverse to its intangible nature. Recent studies expand and modify the conventional image constructs specifying information sources transmitted through the internet. The scenario resulting from the literature review allows us to understand the importance of experience for touristic activity and theoretical proposition of virtual tourism as "virtual tourist experience", its determinants a...

  11. The image of Helsinki as a cultural tourism destination

    Matikainen, Petteri

    2015-01-01

    Cultural tourism has been increasing constantly during the last decades and has become one of the most essential sections of tourism industry. Culture influences strongly on decisions to travel and it is often placed on the key role in tourism strategies. Similarly a strong destination image is inevitable in order to success in highly competed tourism industry. The purpose of this study is to examine the image of Helsinki as a cultural tourism destination. The main objective is to examine...

  12. THE IMPORTANCE OF COGNITIVE DETERMINANTS IN TOURISM DESTINATION IMAGE FORMATION

    Pavlić, Ivana

    2013-01-01

    The increasingly pronounced global ties, which affect social, economic, political, technological and cultural fields, have left a large imprint on the tourism market. There is growing competitiveness between tourism destinations, which try to find the best development strategy under the newly-arisen conditions. Under contemporary tourism development conditions, a destination must be observed as a basic functional unit that can respond to the demands of the modern tourism market by using its u...

  13. Inter-destination Media Synchronization for TV broadcasts

    Mekuria, R.N.

    2011-01-01

    This thesis presents a study on the application of inter-destination synchronization for TV-broadcasting. Inter-destination media synchronization implies synchronizing media output at different receivers. This thesis starts by investigating differences in media output between receivers of TV broadcasts at different locations and different technologies. To do this a measurement scheme is developed using media mining techniques and the fact that differences were found to be relatively fixed bet...

  14. Sustainable Cultural Tourism in Urban Destinations: Does Space Matter?

    Ibon Aranburu; Beatriz Plaza; Marisol Esteban

    2016-01-01

    Policy makers and tourism developers must understand visitors’ mobility behavior and how they consume space and tourism resources in order to set up sustainable cultural tourism destinations. With this in mind, it should also be pointed out that the mobility patterns of tourists in urban destinations are mainly located in the city center (spatial centrality), the analysis of which enables us to define “how central” the resources (museums, monuments, etc.) are and what the interactions between...

  15. UNDERSTANDING THE ROLE OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN DESTINATION MARKETING

    Wendy Lange-Faria; Statia Elliot

    2012-01-01

    Social media in the context of destination marketing is a growing area of study, and judging by the exponential growth in social networks over recent years, the demand for research will continue. This paper provides a review of the literature to date on social media use by destination marketing organizations (DMOs). A growing number of travellers are influenced by user generated content, presenting a number of challenges and opportunities to DMOs. This review seeks to synthesize existing rese...

  16. Destination memory and cognitive theory of mind in normal ageing.

    El Haj, Mohamad; Raffard, Stéphane; Gély-Nargeot, Marie-Christine

    2016-04-01

    Destination memory is the ability to remember the destination to which a piece of information has been addressed (e.g., "Did I tell you about the promotion?"). This ability is found to be impaired in normal ageing. Our work aimed to link this deterioration to the decline in theory of mind. Forty younger adults (M age = 23.13 years, SD = 4.00) and 36 older adults (M age = 69.53 years, SD = 8.93) performed a destination memory task. They also performed the False-belief test addressing cognitive theory of mind and the Reading the mind in the eyes test addressing affective theory of mind. Results showed significant deterioration in destination memory, cognitive theory of mind and affective theory of mind in the older adults. The older adults' performance on destination memory was significantly correlated with and predicted by their performance on cognitive theory of mind. Difficulties in the ability to interpret and predict others' mental states are related to destination memory decline in older adults. PMID:25768052

  17. PLANETARY CHAOTIC ZONE CLEARING: DESTINATIONS AND TIMESCALES

    Morrison, Sarah; Malhotra, Renu [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)

    2015-01-20

    We investigate the orbital evolution of particles in a planet's chaotic zone to determine their final destinations and their timescales of clearing. There are four possible final states of chaotic particles: collision with the planet, collision with the star, escape, or bounded but non-collision orbits. In our investigations, within the framework of the planar circular restricted three body problem for planet-star mass ratio μ in the range 10{sup –9} to 10{sup –1.5}, we find no particles hitting the star. The relative frequencies of escape and collision with the planet are not scale-free, as they depend upon the size of the planet. For planet radius R{sub p} ≥ 0.001 R{sub H} where R{sub H} is the planet's Hill radius, we find that most chaotic zone particles collide with the planet for μ ≲ 10{sup –5}; particle scattering to large distances is significant only for higher mass planets. For fixed ratio R{sub p} /R{sub H} , the particle clearing timescale, T {sub cl}, has a broken power-law dependence on μ. A shallower power law, T {sub cl} ∼ μ{sup –1/3}, prevails at small μ where particles are cleared primarily by collisions with the planet; a steeper power law, T {sub cl} ∼ μ{sup –3/2}, prevails at larger μ where scattering dominates the particle loss. In the limit of vanishing planet radius, we find T {sub cl} ≈ 0.024 μ{sup –3/2}. The interior and exterior boundaries of the annular zone in which chaotic particles are cleared are increasingly asymmetric about the planet's orbit for larger planet masses; the inner boundary coincides well with the classical first order resonance overlap zone, Δa {sub cl,} {sub int} ≅ 1.2 μ{sup 0.28} a{sub p} ; the outer boundary is better described by Δa {sub cl,} {sub ext} ≅ 1.7 μ{sup 0.31} a{sub p} , where a{sub p} is the planet-star separation.

  18. Sustainable Cultural Tourism in Urban Destinations: Does Space Matter?

    Ibon Aranburu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Policy makers and tourism developers must understand visitors’ mobility behavior and how they consume space and tourism resources in order to set up sustainable cultural tourism destinations. With this in mind, it should also be pointed out that the mobility patterns of tourists in urban destinations are mainly located in the city center (spatial centrality, the analysis of which enables us to define “how central” the resources (museums, monuments, etc. are and what the interactions between them are. Comprehending which factors influence visitors’ urban mobility behavior is key to understanding tourists’ consumption of space and their connections with the tourism assets of the city. Furthermore, when tourists visit a destination, they make a mental representation of the destination, constructing a mental map of it. Thus, tourists consume not only spaces but also the image of a city/destination. Moreover, the latter influences the former. The quality of surrounding architecture and urbanism plays a crucial role in enhancing the experiential value of a destination and influencing space consumption preferences. Clearly, visitors are more likely to use/consume environments that are easily navigated and mentally legible. In order to explore these patterns, a real experiment was performed based on visitor behavior in the city of Bilbao. In addition, the central places of Bilbao were determined and an analysis of the spatial interaction between cultural sites was performed, making use of a new methodology based on GPS technologies, network analysis, and surveys. This methodology is the main contribution of this work. The results suggest that (1 easy mobility (walkability, accessibility, different transport modes of the visited space facilitates the tourist experience; (2 simple and eligible mental maps of the city that are easily perceived by visitors facilitate the rapid consumption of the tourist destination; and (3 the centrality of the

  19. Sustainable development applied to the Italian territorial planning, sustainable management of the renewable and un renewable resources; Problematiche territoriali relative al suolo, al sottosuolo, alle acque e contributo allo sviluppo sostenibile nazionale

    Basili, M.; Colonna, N.; Del Ciello, R.; Grauso, S.; Napoleoni, S.; Zarlenga, F. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente

    1998-07-01

    The paper carries out on analysis on the state of the art about sustainable development applied to the territorial planning. Tree types of approach to the sustainability are described: social, economic and environmental, using a large bibliography starting from the Bruntland report. The Italian situation is discussed. An operative proposal on the sustainable management of the renewable and un renewable resources: groundwater, soil and building materials are defined for the Italian context. [Italian] Nel lavoro vengono descritti i principi generali dello sviluppo sostenibile ed i tre tipi di approccio derivanti dall'analisi dell'imponente bibliografia degli ultimi quindici anni, a partire dal rapporto Bruntland che per primo ne ha preso in considerazione i concetti. Vengono proposte tre architetture logiche per procedure di gestione sostenibile delle risorse nel contesto istituzionale italiano.

  20. Exploring the Destination Branding Process: A Case Study of the Greek Island of Rhodes

    BONIATI, SMARAGDA

    2009-01-01

    The destination brand is defined as a ‘name, symbol, logo, word or other graphic that both identifies and differentiates the destination; it conveys the promise of a memorable travel experience that is uniquely associated with the destination; it also serves to consolidate and reinforce the recollection of pleasurable memories of destination experience’ (Ritchie and Ritchie, 1998, p.277). Furthermore, the destination brand is also defined as ‘a unique combination of product characteristi...

  1. IMPORTANT - PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS AS A TOOL IN DESTINATION MARKETING

    Eleina QIRICI

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The Korça Region is located in the Southeast of Albania and borders Greece and Macedonia to the South and the East. It is a mountainous region with two major lakes, Lake Ohrid, the oldest lake in Europe, which is shared with Macedonia and Lake Prespa which is shared with Greece and Macedonia (100km2 in Albania.If we consider the last years, there is an increasing tendency to improve the tourist facilities and to attract the tourist market which is interested for activities in open nature and relax in fresh and pure air. These demands could be met very well in Korca destination which is characterized by suitable climatic conditions and tourist services. Eventually a combination of development of town tourism and tourist villages helped the sustainability of the development of Korca as tourist destination in general.The main purpose of this paper is to present the using of important - performance analysis in marketing destination for the development of tourism.Highlights: (1 the paper considers multifarious goals of the destination management; (2 a computer booking system is used by hotels and guest houses in the region; (3 the relationship between what a tourists wants to find in a destination and that he finds in fact.

  2. The Branding of Kharkov City as a Tourist Destination

    Danko Nataliya I.

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of analyzing publications and documents of the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO, the authors clarified the concept of «tourist destination»; considered and clarified the concept of «brand of the tourist destination»; suggested the mechanism for development of the brand of the tourist destination. The existing brand of Kharkiv – «Kharkiv – smart city» – has been analyzed and it was concluded that this brand is promising and successful for educational tourism, for attracting foreign students and scholars – connoisseurs of new technologies and science fiction. The direction of further work on the brand of Kharkiv city as a tourist destination is to enhance the already existing brand «Kharkiv – smart city» by introducing a set of marketing communications, aggressive advertising campaign in Ukrainian and international media and travel exhibitions. Besides, it is considered to be promising to design brands intended for other target segments of consumers – «Kharkiv – historic city», «Kharkiv – sport city», etc., which will lead to a synergistic effect in the tourism industry of Kharkiv. Prospects for further research in this direction are studying new strategic directions of development of Kharkiv city as a tourist destination

  3. Solutions for Destination Management on Agri-Tourism Farm

    Ioan Petroman

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Farm tourism can be an alternative to agricultural jobs in rural communities with real agri-tourism potential. To improve destination management, we need to implement a type of management based on knowledge management. A second type of management that is a must in farm tourism is the integrated management of agri-tourism destination quality based on a code of good practices in the integrated management of quality. In order to improve agri-tourism management quality, we need to apply best management practices, i.e. 15 basic principles that contribute to the improvement of farm tourism management. These three types of management, if implemented on any agri-tourism farm, can contribute to the improvement of destination management.

  4. The Spatial Structure of Rural Recreational Tourism Destinations

    Hongna; LI; Liang; ZHAO

    2013-01-01

    We select 149 rural recreational tourism destinations in Liaoning Province as the samples, and use geographical mathematical method to analyze the travel spatial structure of rural recreational tourism destinations from aggregation degree of spatial distribution, the balance of spatial distribution, spatial connection and spatial accessibility. The results show that the spatial distribution of tourism destinations shows the gathering distribution pattern, and the evenness of the distribution is very low, displaying strong neighboring positive effect; the accessibility of traffic network is high, and basically the dense tourist traffic network is formed; the nodes with the best accessibility are mainly concentrated in the city groups of central Liaoning and the southern regions of Liaoning, while the nodes with poor accessibility are mainly concentrated in the city groups of western Liaoning and the eastern regions of Liaoning.

  5. Sochi Market Analysis as a Health Tourism Destination

    Nadezhda K. Serdyukova

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article considers major characteristics of Sochi market as a health tourism destination, analyses the structure of resort collective accommodation facilities, dynamics of tourist flows and their structure, prevailing kinds of tourism and estimates tourist flows of health tourism in Sochi in 2008-2012. The authors indicate major characteristics and trends of Sochi tourist market development and the prospects of Sochi development as a health tourism destination. The percent of health tourist flow in the general tourist flow of Sochi and the percent of domestic tourist flow in the sector of collective accommodation facilities are estimated. The authors came to the conclusion that to develop tourism in Sochi in post-Games period, it is necessary to promote Sochi as a health tourism destination.

  6. Long Journey Travel to Tourist Destination: A Review Paper

    Shahrin Norkamaliah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourists are now more open in selecting tourist destination. The number of holiday trips were growing rapidly. There were various promotions available to attract tourists to travel either within or outside the country. Travel distance is not an obstacle for tourists to travel, regardless of local and foreign destination. This study will be conducted to identify the motivation of long journey travel that involves push and pull factors. The long journey involves distance, cost and the type of transportation used to get to the destination. For this purpose a comprehensive review and discussion on previous sources which involved a variety of secondary data sources will be used to meet every need of the study objectives. The finding showed that the travel distance was dependent on the motivation for tourists to travel and the type of transport they want to use. Mode of transport used has advantages and disadvantages for long journey travel depending on traveller choice.

  7. Modelling the Image Research of a Tourism Destination

    Nicolae Teodorescu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The problematic area of the tourism destination image has a high expansion in marketing, the efforts of its conceptualization and phenomenalism being remarkable among specialists. In this context, the authors propose a systemic approach, the result of which refers to a model regarding the image research of a tourism destination, whose validation has been attained using Transalpina destination. The model created by the authors envisages morphological features and specific functional relationships, which are consistent with the marketing theory, and, in context, with the consumer behaviour theory. The conceptualmethodological solutions are magnified by applicative-experimental validations, which enhance the theoretical and practical valences of the created model. The main direction of developing the elaborated model consists in efforts of formalization and abstracting, in the perspective offered by several scientific disciplines.

  8. Detección molecular del virus de la hepatitis E en hígados de cerdo destinados al consumo humano en el estado de Nuevo León, México Molecular detection of hepatitis E virus in pig livers destined for human consumption in the state of Nuevo Leon, Mexico

    Marco Antonio Cantú-Martínez

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Detección molecular del virus de la hepatitis E (VHE en hígado de cerdo para consumo humano en Nuevo León, México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS Se analizaron 127 hígados de cerdo (87 obtenidos de rastros TIF, y 40 de carnicerías mediante RT-PCR semianidado para amplificar un fragmento de 212 pb del gen ORF2 del VHE. RESULTADOS: El 19.5% (17 de los hígados de rastros y 22.5% (9 de carnicerías fueron positivos. La secuenciación mostró 94-95% de homología con el genotipo 3. CONCLUSIONES: Los resultados indican que el VHE circula en granjas porcinas del estado, lo que constituye una probable fuente de contaminación para los productos cárnicos porcinos.OBJECTIVE: Molecular detection of HEV in pig livers destined for human consumption in Nuevo Leon, Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 87 livers were collected from pigs slaughtered in TIF and 40 livers from butchers. A 212 pb fragment of HEV ORF2 gene was amplified by semi-nested RT-PCR. RESULTS: 19.54% (17 of tif's and 22.5% (9 of buthcer's livers were positive for HEV. Sequencing of the amplified products showed a 94%-95% homology with the sequences reported for genotype 3. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that HEV is circulating in swine herds in the state, constituting a probable source of contamination of pig meat products.

  9. How to develop sustainable tourism in rural destinations in Serbia

    Štetić Snežana

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The classical distinction between countries of tourist offer and countries of tourist demand has already been surpassed considering that many countries of tourist demand (USA, Germany, Great Britain … earn much more from tourism than the countries of tourist offer (Italy, Greece, Portugal …. The changes in customers' behaviour are reflected through restructuring of tourist movements towards new destinations. What is essential in creating, promoting and marketing tourist destinations for the specific tourism forms development is the identification of all the positive and negative factors that influence the development of these destinations. Converting a potential into a tourist destination depends on many factors both in qualitative and in quantitative sense. Discovering an area of preserved environment that also possesses attractive motifs presents the beginning of the possible tourist destination creating. Further 'destiny' of a tourist destination depends on its planning and development intensity. Rural tourism is a significant component of integral and sustainable development and revitalization of the village, as well as a component that is missing in stimulating the local market development for agricultural and non-agricultural activities in the country, along with a special stimulation to employment. Serbia possesses remarkable natural resources and other potentials for the development of all forms of rural tourism. However, rural tourism in Serbia is an insufficiently organized field that is not being developed adequately to the possibilities available to it. That is why this paper wants to point out the potential opportunities for the development of rural tourism in Serbia through sustainable development and correct performance policy on both national and international tourist market.

  10. National destination marketing organisations and Web 2.0

    Jim Hamill; Daniela Attard; Alan Stevenson

    2009-01-01

    National destination marketing organisations and Web 2.0 - Based on a detailed review of 25 web sites, supported by in-depth personal interviews, this paper evaluates the strategic response of European DMOs to the global marketing opportunities and threats presented by the rapid growth of Web 2.0. The main conclusion is that national DMOs, from the leading tourist destinations in Europe, have made only limited progress in this area. Much still needs to be done before they are fully utilising ...

  11. Tourism Destinations Network Analysis, Social Network Analysis Approach

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The tourism industry is becoming one of the world's largest economical sources, and is expected to become the world's first industry by 2020. Previous studies have focused on several aspects of this industry including sociology, geography, tourism management and development, but have paid less attention to analytical and quantitative approaches. This study introduces some network analysis techniques and measures aiming at studying the structural characteristics of tourism networks. More specifically, it presents a methodology to analyze tourism destinations network. We apply the methodology to analyze mazandaran’s Tourism destination network, one of the most famous tourism areas of Iran.

  12. Solutions for Destination Management on Agri-Tourism Farm

    Ioan Petroman; Cornelia Marin; Constantin Buzatu; Adrian Dumitrescu; Ştefan Coman; Andreea Stan; Daniela Avramescu

    2012-01-01

    Farm tourism can be an alternative to agricultural jobs in rural communities with real agri-tourism potential. To improve destination management, we need to implement a type of management based on knowledge management. A second type of management that is a must in farm tourism is the integrated management of agri-tourism destination quality based on a code of good practices in the integrated management of quality. In order to improve agri-tourism management quality, we need to apply best mana...

  13. UNDERSTANDING THE ROLE OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN DESTINATION MARKETING

    Wendy Lange-Faria

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Social media in the context of destination marketing is a growing area of study, and judging by the exponential growth in social networks over recent years, the demand for research will continue. This paper provides a review of the literature to date on social media use by destination marketing organizations (DMOs. A growing number of travellers are influenced by user generated content, presenting a number of challenges and opportunities to DMOs. This review seeks to synthesize existing research, theories and concepts, in order to understand how social media applications are being used by tourism authorities, and to provide a bridge from past research to future success.

  14. The effects of channel power, destination attractiveness and destination political risk events on U.S. tourism channel firms' performance :the case of tourism destinations in Africa

    Brown, Desmond Omotayo

    1996-01-01

    NOTE: Pages 133-134 are missing and there are 2 copies of page 31. see document This is an exploratory study that empirically examines the relationships between United States' tourism channel firms' power, African country destination's political risk events and touristic attributes and their effects on firm performance. Tourism channel firm performance is conceptualized as having five dimensions: the number of trips generated, repeat business, package tour sales, profits and ...

  15. An empirical survey on perceived value from tourism destination based on brand equity model: A case study of Qeshm Island

    Vahid Qaemi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Tourism destination brand equity is defined as all assets (or debts of brands provided with name and symbol of tourism destination to make changes in value services of experiences. In many cases, brand equity is more than physical assets. This survey performs an investigation to identify effective factors in tourism destination equity, cause and affects relationships, and proposes a model for perceived value of tourism destination. The proposed study is performed in one of free islands named Gheshm. The preliminary results indicate that there is a positive relationship between tourism destination brand awareness and destination brand equity, tourism destination brand image, destination brand equity and tourism destination brand loyalty.

  16. Migration and "Low-Skilled" Workers in Destination Countries

    Benach, Joan; Muntaner, Carles; Delclos, Carlos; Menéndez, María; Ronquillo, Charlene

    2011-01-01

    In the fourth article in a six-part PLoS Medicine series on Migration & Health, Joan Benach and colleagues discuss the specific health risks and policy needs associated with migration in destination countries, especially for low-skilled and illegal migrant workers.

  17. Destination brands and website evaluation: a research methodology

    J Fernández-Cavia

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction:The World Wide Web has become the primary instrument used by tourists in order to search for information. As a result, tourism websites pertaining to destinations need to be appealing and must convey their brand image in an appropriate, effective manner. However, there is no methodology in place to assess the quality and communicative effectiveness of destination websites that is scientifically sound and universally accepted. The development of such a methodology is one of the tasks we have proposed within the framework of the research project: “New strategies for advertising and promoting Spanish tourism brands online” (CSO2008-02627, funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation. Method: The project team have developed an interdisciplinary, all-embracing analysis template combining certain automated analyses with other qualitative and quantitative ones. The template comprises a total of 12 subject areas and 154 indicators prepared on the basis of contributions from prominent experts in each of the fields of work. This article sets out the analysis methodology drawn up and possible applications are given. Results: The primary aim of the project is to provide an assessment methodology that would make it possible to optimise destination brand websites, thus providing a tool to support the work of public tourism destination managers.

  18. Gornergrat and Jungfraujoch - two exciting destinations for tourism and research

    Flückiger, E. O.

    2016-05-01

    After having been made accessible by two of the first cog railways in Europe more than 100 years ago, Gornergrat and Jungfraujoch became two extraordinary places: both are well known worldwide as exciting tourist destinations, and at the same time they are unique research sites. This article illustrates this duality in relation with the International Foundation HFSJG.

  19. YouTube's Role in Destination Image Creation

    Hrvoje Jakopović

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary promotion of tourist destinations represents a challenge and gives rise to many questions in a regard to numerous ways of communicating and transferring information. With concern to modern communication practices in society and due to fast-paced lifestyle, individuals are looking for information online and are making decisions based on available Internet data. Attracting tourists through traditional promotional techniques such as brochures, leaflets, printed guidebooks, fairs and festivals are unsufficient with a respect to the rising number of online users. Promotion of tourism is based on destination image which is created through direct or mediated experience and projected on the minds of individuals. It is greatly dependent on available information mostly visual. YouTube is a popular video sharing site that counts over one billion users. It gives open access to a great number of videos and therefore could have an important role in promoting tourist destinations. The website was firstly used for non-commercial purposes but today it is very attractive for advertisers. The author examines phenomena of YouTube and its potential for destination image creation. The aim of this article is to give an insight on characteristics of promotional videos used for tourism and to explore how various national and local tourist boards can use them on YouTube. The author identifies the public relations profession’s role in creation of promotional audio-visual material.

  20. A GEOGRAPHICALANALYSIS OF TOURIST DESTINATION IN AND AROUND SOLAPUR

    S. C. Advitot

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available :-Tourism is one of the leading industry. It is a multidimensional industry generating various type of impacts. The present paper aims to highlight existing tourist destinations in and around Solapur. The secondary data has been used for this paper. The collected data has been analyzed with the help of statistical and cartographic techniques. Destinations were marked with a Buffering technique, it is useful for planning purpose. The exist survey of 150 tourists at each destination reveals that the growth trend of tourists. The study reveals that the flow of tourist to Solapur as compare to Maharashtra state was explained in ratio, which was highest in the month of September (4.05. Foreign tourists were very negligible in number. There are number of pilgrimage destinations adjoining to Osmanabad district and Karnataka State. A Tourist Travel Circuit will emerge in this region irrespective of political boundaries. The present study suggests that there will be a wide scope for creating large-scale employment from the most specialized to the unskilled (HR if special package is given for tourism development.

  1. THE FESTIVALS AS A TOOL ON OHRID TOURISM DESTINATION BRANDING

    Zoran Strezovski

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of the paper is about festivals in the southern west city in the Republic of Macedonia – Ohrid, empirical research of influence of the Ohrid summer festival on Ohrid tourism destination branding. Its strength to attract foreign tourist and the role of Ohrid municipality and tourism stockholders to use festival as a tool to attract more foreign tourist and branding Ohrid as a tourism destination. Nowadays, many tourist organization develop strategy for creating or support festivals on their destination. The festivals have strong influence of the destination attracting many foreign tourist. Some cities are branding as a festival cities, attract over million visitors per year. Ohrid summer festival as a member of European festival association, is the most important festival in Ohrid city but also in the country. The festival has the role to promote and present culture achievements from the country but also it is attractive factor for foreign tourist to visit Ohrid city and the region in the summer period. It is held from 12 of July until 20 of August each year. Ohrid municipality should incorporate Ohrid summer festival and other festivals in general promotion on Ohrid city. It should support and create new festivals.This paper presents an action research conducted on a sample of 150 foreign visitors on Ohrid summer festival during the festival from 12 July till 20 august 2010.

  2. Tourist Information Search and Destination Choice in a Digital Age

    Kristian Steen Jacobsen, Jens; Munar, Ana Maria

    2012-01-01

    This study provides empirical evidence of self-reported impacts of selected electronic and other information sources on international tourists' destination choices regarding a popular, mature and mainstream summer holiday location. It is shown that traditional information provisions such as direct......-making, utilitarian information values seem more relevant than socialisation opportunities....

  3. ROLE OF INTERVENING OPPORTUNITY IN TOURIST DESTINATION DEVELOPMENT

    PAN Li-li; BAO Ji-gang

    2005-01-01

    Intervening opportunity is an important factor in spatial interaction, and has very important impacts on tourist destination development in a region. There are few literatures on this topic in tourist researches, and especially in China fewer tourist researchers pay attention to intervening opportunity theory. This article, taking Lin'an as a case study, aims to introduce intervening opportunity theory in tourist destination development by the comprehensive analysis of some data including literatures, Intemet information, longitudinal data and some tourist surveys. Both quaitative and quantitative methods are all used in this research. Firstly, the authors expatiate upon the definition of intervening opportunity, by reviewing the literatures in detail, take Lin'an of Zhejiang Province as a case study, and then analyze some necessary factors of intervening opportunity, such as regional tourist demands and supplies, tourist attractions, spatial distance and transportation, tourist images and costs, regional competition and cooperation in tourist destinations. Finally the impacts of intervening opportunity on Lin'an tourist development are analyzed in detail. The results show that intervening opportunity do not occur everywhere, and there must be some critical factors, and intervening opportunity surely plays important roles in tourist destination development. The tourist development in Lin'an is attributed to intervening opportunity of the spatial location between Hangzhou and Huangshan that are two famous tourist cities in China, and the occurrence of intervening opportunities in Lin'an is the integration of some external and internal factors.

  4. Destination Attractiveness of the Silos and Smokestacks National Heritage Area

    Choi, Puyong

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of destination attractiveness of the Silos and Smokestacks National Heritage Area (SSNHA) in Iowa using the relative attractiveness and importance of the 15 attributes identified by Gearing, Swart, and Var's (1974) scale and 3 attributes identified by Hu and Ritchie (1993). These…

  5. Browsing the Web for Shoosing a Touristic Destination

    Dhouka Oueldoubey Habibeche; Imed Zaiem

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays, a new solution for choosing a tourism destination is to use Internet. In fact, this media gives us an opportunity to discover an unlimited number of offers due to the characteristics of website atmosphere. That’s why this paper aims to conceptualize a particular behavior on the net: E-Browsing.

  6. Images of safe tourism destinations in the United States held by African Americans

    Bingjie Liu

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Ensuring a safe destination is an essential factor in travelers’ decision-making, as well as a destination’s success. Recent crises have threatened perceptions of safety related to tourism. Under such circumstances, negative destination images might be produced and destination choices might be altered. Thus, understanding the effect of risk perceptions on destination image is a necessary researchstream. This study examined African American travelers’ perceptions of safety related to the top three state tourism destinations in the USA. Factors that influenced perceptions of a safe destination varied among the destinations. Consistently, however, past travel experience and the perception of the likelihood of health-related crisis were significant predictors of perceptions of a safe destination

  7. IMPROVING THE DEPENDABILITY OF DESTINATION RECOMMENDATIONS USING INFORMATION ON SOCIAL ASPECTS

    Charles K. Ayo; Adigun, Mathew O.; Olawande J. Daramola; Olugbara, Oludayo O.

    2010-01-01

    Prior knowledge of the social aspects of prospective destinations can be very influential in making travel destination decisions, especially in instances where social concerns do exist about specific destinations. In this paper, we describe the implementation of an ontology-enabled Hybrid Destination Recommender System (HDRS) that leverages an ontological description of five specific social attributes of major Nigerian cities, and hybrid architecture of content-based and case-based filtering ...

  8. Tourism policy and destination marketing in developing countries: the chain of influence

    Kokkranikal, Jithendran; Cronje, Paul; Butler, Richard

    2011-01-01

    Tourism marketers including destination marketing organisations (DMOs) and international tour operators play a pivotal role in destination marketing, especially in creating destination images. These images, apparent in tourist brochures, are designed to influence tourist decision-making and behaviour. This paper proposes the concept of a “chain of influence” in destination marketing and image-making, suggesting that the content of marketing materials is influenced by the priorities of those w...

  9. Complexity in Built Environment, Health, and Destination Walking: A Neighborhood-Scale Analysis

    Carlson, Cynthia; Aytur, Semra; Gardner, Kevin; Rogers, Shannon

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the relationships between the built environment, the physical attributes of the neighborhood, and the residents’ perceptions of those attributes. It focuses on destination walking and self-reported health, and does so at the neighborhood scale. The built environment, in particular sidewalks, road connectivity, and proximity of local destinations, correlates with destination walking, and similarly destination walking correlates with physical health. It was found, howeve...

  10. Assessing destination image: an online marketing approach and the case of Tripadvisor

    Kladou, Stella; Mavragani, Eleni

    2015-01-01

    Destination image is a popular research domain in the tourism literature. Yet, limited studies focus on destination image as reflected through actual tourists’ evaluations and reviews on social media. Taken the significance of social media and the relationship between country and destination image, the study embarks upon to assess the cognitive, affective, conative image components. The study presents the destination image concept from the tourists’ point of view, as they review Istanbul on T...

  11. Does the presence and mix of destinations influence walking and physical activity?

    King, Tania Louise; Bentley, Rebecca Jodie; Thornton, Lukar Ezra; Kavanagh, Anne Marie

    2015-01-01

    Background Local destinations have previously been shown to be associated with higher levels of both physical activity and walking, but little is known about how specific destinations are related to activity. This study examined associations between types and mix of destinations and both walking frequency and physical activity. Method The sample consisted of 2349 residents of 50 urban areas in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. Using geographic information systems, seven types of destinations...

  12. Allies or foes? Key challenges facing the shifting landscape of destination management in England

    Hristov, Dean; Naumov, Nikola

    2015-01-01

    Within a shifting political and economic context, reshaped Destination Management Organisations (DMOs) in England are expected to deliver well beyond traditional activities related to marketing and promotion of destinations. Yet, such delivery processes are to happen in light of the increasingly resource-constrained operational environment, where the public purse is no longer available to destinations and destination organisations. This commentary paper provides a discussion on recent transit...

  13. Images of safe tourism destinations in the United States held by African Americans

    Bingjie Liu; Lori Pennington-Gray; Ashley Schroeder

    2013-01-01

    Ensuring a safe destination is an essential factor in travelers’ decision-making, as well as a destination’s success. Recent crises have threatened perceptions of safety related to tourism. Under such circumstances, negative destination images might be produced and destination choices might be altered. Thus, understanding the effect of risk perceptions on destination image is a necessary researchstream. This study examined African American travelers’ perceptions of safety related to the top t...

  14. ASSESSING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE IMAGE: MALDIVES AS A DESTINATION FOR CHINESE MARKET

    Zahir, Zeeniya

    2006-01-01

    Destination image is a valuable concept in assessing the perception and behaviour of the target market, contributes to the decision making process and visitation intentions. Hence due to the important role of destination image, destination marketers need to be more attentive, since it enables to identify the various information sources that influence the image formation and enables to create and modify the image of the destination while reducing the negative images that might obst...

  15. APPROACHES IN INVESTIGATING ROMANIA’S IMAGE AS A TOURIST DESTINATION AMONG THE TURKISH STUDENTS

    Olimpia BAN; Osman N. ÖZDOGAN

    2010-01-01

    The image of the tourist destination plays an essential role in the decision making process regarding the choice of a holiday. Image has a crucial role in the success of the destination because it influences the consumers’ satisfaction and helps in drawing up a promotion strategy for the positioning/repositioning on a certain market, branding/rebranding the tourist destination. Information from different sources contribute to the formation of the image of a certain destination, information wh...

  16. The Amazing Race to India: Prominence in Reality Television Affects Destination Image and Travel Intentions

    T. TESSITORE; M. PANDELAERE; VAN DE KERCKHOVE, A.

    2013-01-01

    Considering the increasing popularity of reality television shows, this research investigated the impact of a destination placement in reality television on tourism. Two experiments reveal that a reality show can change the image of the destination in which the show is set. This positively affects cognitive, affective and behavioral outcomes. Specifically, it changes perceptions in accordance with the depiction of the destination in the reality show, increases knowledge about the destination,...

  17. DESTINATION BRANDING AIMED AT INTERNATIONAL AFFIRMATION OF TOURISTIC POTENTIALS OF BiH

    Branko Rakita; Miloš Šipragić

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the paper is to explain how application of marketing and branding principles contributes to effective management of destinations under conditions of globalization. The paper emphasizes the importance of understanding of tourists’ behavior model, with special focus on importance of destination image in process of decision making on destination choice. Case of the city of Rovinj was presented as good practice example in development of destination brand. In ...

  18. Assessing pesticide hazards to water quality of the Bracciano lake; Valutazione del rischio posto dai pesticidi per la qualita' delle acque del lago di Bracciano

    Caffarelli, V.; Screpanti, C. [ENEA, Div. Biotecnologie e Agricoltura, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, Rome (Italy); Musmeci, F. [ENEA, Funzione Centrale Studi, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, Rome (Italy)

    2001-07-01

    The study is based on data collected for the area on a grid base (150x150 meters). For each cell of the grid, data on several parameters were collected (soil use, pesticide use, pedology, ground water depth, etc.). A data base with the chemical-physical parameter of 75 pesticides used in the area has been implemented. A ground flow model gives the number of days a pollutant takes to arrive at the lake from a given cell. A second model take into account the attenuation of pesticide load from the soil surface to the water table. Hazard maps are presented based on pesticide loads, attenuation factor, and ground flow to the lake water. The methodology has been implemented by integrating a Geographical Information System, data bases and simulation models. The work has been carried out in a project coordinated by Lazio Regional Agency for the Innovation and Development in Agriculture (ARSIAL) and supported by the Reg. CEE/2081/93 ob. 5b. [Italian] Lo studio e' stato realizzato raccogliendo i dati ambientali (uso del suolo, uso dei pesticidi, pedologia, profondita' della falda, ecc.) sulla base di una griglia 150x150 m. E' stata realizzata una banca dati con le caratteristiche chimico-fisiche dei 75 pesticidi impiegati nell'area. Il modello e' composto da un modulo che calcola il numero di giorni che ciascun pesticida impiega per arrivare al lago a partire da una determinata cella e da un modulo che calcola l'attenuazione del crico del pesticida nel percorso della superficie alla falda. Vengono realizzate mappe tematiche relative al carico dei pesticidi, all'attenuazione, al flusso dall falda fino al lago. La metodologia di valutazione si basa sull'integrazione di un GIS (Sistema di informazione territoriale), di banche dati e simulazioni dei processi. Il lavoro e' stato realizzato attraverso un progetto coordinato dall'ARSIAL (Agenzia Regionale per lo sviluppo in Agricoltura del Lazio) nell'ambito del Reg. CEE/2081

  19. The Typology and Role of Online Information Sources in Destination Image Formation: An Eye-Tracking Study

    Mariussen, Anastasia; Ibenfeldt, Cathrine von; Vespestad, May Kristin

    2014-01-01

    The construct of destination image and its formation are well researched. Numerous studies are conducted to investigate how destination images impact tourists‟ attitudes, behaviour and destination choice and what factors influence their destination image formation. However, much of this research focuses on post-visit images, and little is still known about the actual process of destination image formation as it unfolds, particularly prior to visiting a destination. Understanding this process ...

  20. Pre-trip vs. post-trip destination image variations: A case of inbound tourists to Tanzania

    Jani, Dev; Nguni, Winnie

    2016-01-01

    Despite the conceptual indications of destination image to vary with factors like travel status and tourist behaviour, there are few studies that have empirically researched the variations in destination image particularly in emerging destinations like those in Africa. This study aimed at testing the variation of pre- and post trip destination image held by inbound travellers to Tanzania. Four hypotheses were defined to test variation of destination image with travel status, destination famil...

  1. 48 CFR 3052.247-72 - F.o.b. destination only.

    2010-10-01

    ... CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 3052.247-72 F.o.b. destination only. As prescribed in (HSAR) 48 CFR 3047.305-70(c), insert the following provision: F.O.B. Destination Only (DEC 2003) Offers are invited... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false F.o.b. destination...

  2. Occupational Channels for Mexican Migration: New Destination Formation in a Binational Context

    Sanderson, Matthew; Painter, Matthew, II

    2011-01-01

    In the 1990s, Mexican immigration dispersed spatially, leading to the emergence of many "new destinations," in nonmetropolitan areas of the United States. Previous studies constrain the scope of the analysis to the United States, limiting our understanding of how new destinations are formed. We place new destination formation into a binational…

  3. Marketing and Brand Design of Destination Experiences: The Role of ICT

    Dora Agapito; António Lacerda

    2014-01-01

    The proliferation of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) with particular emphasis on internet have been rapidly adapted to tourism, where new opportunities for design and marketing strategies for destinations are being explored in both physical and virtual environments. Furthermore, the process of designing strong brands and facilitating positive and memorable experiences are central activities concerning destinations aiming to become more competitive. Accordingly, Destinations M...

  4. Country Image and the Study Abroad Destination Choice of Students from Mainland China

    Ghazarian, Peter G.

    2016-01-01

    In this study, the author focuses on the issue of country image in destination choice. To examine the relationship between these two variables, the study tests whether mainland Chinese who favor a destination as their ideal first choice for study abroad have a significantly more positive view of that destination's country image than their…

  5. 48 CFR 52.247-48 - F.o.b. Destination-Evidence of Shipment.

    2010-10-01

    ... awarded on a free on board (f.o.b.) destination basis, the Contractor— (1) Shall not submit an invoice for payment until the supplies covered by the invoice have been shipped to the destination; and (2) Shall... Contractor's invoice, indicating the carrier's intent to ship the supplies to the destination specified...

  6. Social Trust, Safety and the Choice of Tourist Destination

    Jensen, Susanne; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    2016-01-01

    military. The problem is that high visibility of police and military in public spaces may give the tourist the impression of an unsafe and insecure destination. Instead, social trust through self-enforcements of social norms for behaviour may be important because the informal institutions guarantee the......Does social trust influence safety and tourists’ destination choice? Our claim is that the roots of safety may take two forms: either formal institutions or informal institutions. Formal institutions concern how society can build up control mechanisms through the legal system, police authority and...... safety of tourists (and locals) without signalling a problem with safety. Building social trust may further enhance the feeling of safety and thereby attract even more tourists. Thus, our trust-safety theory may guide the active use of social trust by tourist officials and policy makers....

  7. The significance of the tourist destination of Zlatibor spatial planning

    Jovičić Ana; Berić Dejan; Petrović Marko D.; Gagić Snježana

    2013-01-01

    The territory of Zlatibor is known as a region of exquisite beauty, rich in natural and anthropogenic values, and as such it is a significant tourist destination. The tourism on Zlatibor started developing a long time ago, however, recently there has formed a type of settlement with tourism as its basic function, with no adequate planned development and control, which deviates from the natural and aesthetic environment, disturbing the rare and autochthonous...

  8. STRATEGY FOR THE DESTINATIONAL E-MARKETING & SALES

    Zlatko Sehanovic; Giorgio Cadum; Igor Sehanovic

    2010-01-01

    Every tourist destination should make and implement a destination’s marketing and sales strategy. A very important part of destination’s sales and marketing strategy is the e-marketing and sales strategy. The cooperation of specialized regional development agencies, regional tourist board, local (city and county) tourist boards, hoteliers, tourist agencies, conservators, entertainment and cultural program developers, private accommodation owners and others involved in creation of destination’...

  9. South Korea: Safe travel destination for foreign females?

    Hypén, Laura

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this thesis was to find out if South Korea is a safe country for foreign female travellers. The aim was to study the opinions and experiences of bloggers, who had written about South Korea, regarding how safe the country is, and how foreigners and women are treated in South Korea. First is the theoretical background, which covers first South Korea as a country including general information, history, brief presentation of South Korea as a travel destination and definition ...

  10. Destination brand equity research from 2001 to 2012

    Kladou, Stella; Giannopoulos, Antonios A.; Mavragani, Eleni

    2015-01-01

    The present study delves into a review of the destination brand equity literature published since 2001, aiming to offer tourism researchers a reference guide to the general context, corresponding methods,and focus of previous works. A multisource search resulted in the identification of 64 relevant papers. Content analysis using multiple classifier variables provides further insights into specific geographical, conceptual, and methodological aspects. Conclusions pertain to the multidimensiona...

  11. The role of brand destination experience in determining revisit intention

    Mattsson, Jan; Barnes, Stuart; Sørensen, Flemming

    experience, which provides a more holistic and unified view of the brand destination. The research uses a logistic regression model to determine the role of satisfaction and brand experience in determining revisit intentions. The study also examines differences among subgroups and four brand experience sub......-constructs. The findings suggest that brand experience is an important determinant of revisit intentions, but that there is variation among respondent groups. The paper rounds off with conclusions and implications for research and practice....

  12. Different tourists to different destinations. Evidence from spatial interaction models

    E. Marrocu; R. Paci

    2012-01-01

    As tourism is becoming one of the most important sources of economic growth at the local level, it is imperative to identify and assess the relevant determinants of tourism flows. This paper investigates this issue by carrying out an econometric analysis based on the origin-destination (OD) spatial interaction models, which fully account for the spatial dependence generally featured by tourism flows. We contribute to the current debate by analyzing the tourism flows for the complete set of 10...

  13. Marketing a destination: Case of CreateTrips and Mexico

    Tiainen, Johanna; Korvenpää, Emmi

    2015-01-01

    This thesis concentrates on Finnish people travelling to Mexico. Firstly, the writers conduct a quantitative research, a questionnaire, that studies Finnish people’s thoughts and presumptions about Mexico. Secondly, they create mobile travel guides of four different destinations. The questionnaire concentrates on the people’s point of view, asking what people think about Mexico, on what kind of trip would they go it they travel there, how long it would last and so on. The questionnaire also h...

  14. Macedonian tourist destinations with a built identity and image

    Dimitrov, Nikola; Angelkova, Tanja

    2013-01-01

    In the last few years Republic of Macedonia is significantly investing in the tourism development. Main arguments for this are diverse natural and cultural heritage which testify for the increased visits of foreign and domestic tourists. Today, on the international tourist market Republic of Macedonia is becoming attractive tourist destination, with a built international tourist identity and image and in the area of lake, mountain, spa, rural, event, religious, and gastronomy tourism. Our ass...

  15. The Formation of Tourist Friendly Destination Concept in Kuala Lumpur

    Ahmad Nazrin Aris Anuar; Habibah Ahmad; Hamzah Jusoh; Mohd Yusof Hussain

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses the formation of tourist friendly destination concept in Kuala Lumpur. A total of 22 respondents has been interviewed, and the selection of respondents was based on four groups, decision-makers who involved in the planning and tourism development in Kuala Lumpur: the government sector, private sector, non-profit sector (associations) and professional consultants. From this process, the respondents have an opinion about the role of the respondents in their organizations co...

  16. Sustainable development of tourist destination and its branding

    Angelkova, Tanja; Dimitrov, Nikola; Koteski, Cane

    2011-01-01

    Opportunities for tourism development are largely conditioned by the quality of the environment, preserved and attractive natural and cultural heritage and other values, goods and resources. For sustainable it is considered any kind of tourism that contributes permanently for the protection and promotion of the environment, natural and other resources, cultural values and integrity of the local community. The concept of sustainable development of tourist destinations promotes: th...

  17. AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION OF ROMANIA'S COUNTRY BRAND AS TOURISM DESTINATION

    OVIDIU IOAN MOISESCU

    2010-01-01

    Considering the essential role that country brands as tourism destinations play in generating incoming tourism, this paper reveals useful information for entities concerned with promoting a tourism-based country brand for Romania. The paper represents an exploratory research, data being collected from a sample of Internet users from Netherlands, Spain, Poland and U.S.A., using an on-line questionnairebased survey. The paper focuses on exploring Romania's country brand association as they resi...

  18. Doc Martin and film tourism: The creation of destination image

    Busby, Graham; Haines,, David

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the relationship between film-induced tourism and the concept of destination image via a substantial primary data collection exercise, followed by content analysis of television episodes. Port Isaac, on the north coast of Cornwall, in the west of England, is the setting for the popular ITV television series Doc Martin, starring Martin Clunes and Caroline Catz. Television can enhance the attractiveness of an area, especially when building on images of small-scale fishin...

  19. Gastronomy, Tourism and Destination Differentiation: A Case Study in Spain

    Tom¨¢s L¨®pez-Guzm¨¢n; Sandra S¨¢nchez-Ca?izares

    2012-01-01

    Gastronomy is becoming a key factor in the competitiveness of tourist destinations. The aim of this paper is to present an analysis of food tourism in the city of Cordoba (Spain) and its relation with the motivation. Similarly, the paper shows the connection between local cuisine and the satisfaction of tourists. The main results of this study reflect the high level of education of this kind of travelers, the importance of gastronomy for visiting this city and the satisfaction with both the l...

  20. Foodservice experience and tourist satisfaction and their implications for destinations

    Yüksel, Atìla

    2000-01-01

    Given the scarcity of research ascertaining the relationship between tourists' foodservice experiences and holiday satisfaction and its implications for destinations, this study primarily set out to provide guidelines on ways in which tourists' foodservice experiences and holiday satisfaction can be assessed and enhanced. The present study consisted of three interdependent phases, and questionnaire-based surveys were employed to test the research hypotheses. A combination of different qua...

  1. The Role of Destination Attributes in Islamic Tourism

    Battour Mohamed; Ismail Mohd Nazari

    2014-01-01

    The objectives of this study are to test the relationship between tourism motivations and tourist satisfaction, and to test how ‘Religion’ moderates the relationship. The variable ‘Religion’ is represented by the availability of Islamic norms and practices which are relevant to tourism at the destination. The results of the Partial least square (PLS) indicated that the tourism motivations are significantly and positively related to tourist satisfaction. The results also showed that Religion s...

  2. Diversity, flexibility and identity: mechanisms for recycling mature tourist destinations

    Horrach Estarellas, Biel

    2012-01-01

    Globalizing dynamic sources are making of tourist destinations, spaces each time more homogeneous, unable to respond to the tourist’s new motivation and to the specific characteristics of the territory and the local landscape. Tourist space has gone through changes, resulting in conurbations without urban structure that require new planning patterns. Despite predictions, which determine a declining process or a post-stagnation, there is a high potential of reconversion of obsol...

  3. Dark destinations – Visitor reflections from a holocaust memorial site

    Liyanage, Sherry; Coca-Stefaniak, Andres; Powell, Raymond

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Purpose – Dark tourism and, more specifically, visitor experiences at Nazi concentration camp memorials are emerging fields of research in tourism studies and destination management. This paper builds on this growing body of knowledge and focuses on the World War II Nazi concentration camp at Dachau in Germany to explore the psychological impact of the site on its visitors as well as critical self-reflection processes triggered by this experience. Design/methodology/approach ...

  4. Marketing Cameroon as a Cultural Tourism Destination to Finnish Tourists

    Akuri, Lucien; Landa Celestin, Ndingi

    2013-01-01

    Cultural tourism is already a global phenomenon and has been increasingly promoted in the forms such as heritage, arts, creative, rural and urban cultural tourism, amongst others, and their sub-sections. The marketing of these cultural tourism forms and their attractions by various tourism destinations to target markets is still complex and thus, a major challenge. The study investigates the ways in which Cameroon with very rich and diverse cultural products and attractions can be markete...

  5. Developing ecotourism destinations in Romania. A case study approach

    Candrea, Adina Nicoleta; Andreea HERŢANU

    2015-01-01

    Romania has an outstanding natural and cultural heritage which is not yet valorised to its full potential through ecotourism. In order to do so, the existence of green tourism businesses is not enough to assure authentic ecotourism experiences. Ecotourism principles and guidelines need to be applied and reinforced by all stakeholders: businesses, governmental authorities and NGOs, with the aim of developing ecotourism destinations. In this context, the present paper uses a case...

  6. A Bayesian approach for modeling origin-destination matrices

    Perrakis, Konstantinos; Karlis, Dimitris; COOLS, Mario; JANSSENS, Davy; Vanhoof, Koen; Wets, Geert

    2012-01-01

    The majority of origin destination (OD) matrix estimation methods focus on situations where weak or partial information, derived from sample travel surveys, is available. Information derived from travel census studies, in contrast, covers the entire population of a specific study area of interest. In such cases where reliable historical data exist, statistical methodology may serve as a flexible alternative to traditional travel demand models by incorporating estimation of trip-generation, tr...

  7. Marketing Sri Lanka as an International Tourist Destination

    Laksiri, Weerawanse Mudiyanselage Rohan

    2007-01-01

    Within the last two decades Sri Lanka’s tourism industry has grown dramatically as one of the main foreign exchange earners and employment provider. Since Sri Lanka depends enormously on tourism for its growth and development, this paper provides an analysis of marketing efforts within the tourism industry in Sri Lanka for foreign tourists. In compliance with this trend, the purpose of this thesis and research is to review Sri Lanka as an international tourist destination and i...

  8. Promotion of Tourist Destination - the Case of Cyprus

    Podinas, Apostolos

    2012-01-01

    The diploma thesis analyzes the marketing development and promotional activities of the local authorities of Cyprus in the international tourist market. First, it investigates the identity of Cyprus with some geographical information about the location of the country, as well the history with starting point the first civilization on the island until now. Secondly, it examines the destination life cycle of Cyprus where it proves the decline of the tourist product of the country, and the strate...

  9. Commodity Tax Competition Under Destination and Origin Principles

    Lockwood, Ben

    1992-01-01

    This paper studies the effect of switching from the destination to the origin principle of taxation on non-cooperative commodity tax equilibrium. When taxes are constrained to uniformity across commodities, the switch has no effect. When differentiated taxes are allowed, the effects of the switch depend on whether countries are small or large. In both cases the switch imposes the requirement that taxes must be uniform across commodities within each country. In the second case there are two fu...

  10. Identifying successful marketing strategies by export regional destination

    Lado, Nora; Martínez-Ros, Ester; Valenzuela, Ana

    2004-01-01

    This study develops a model that explains export sales volume by destination based on a company's export marketing strategy. A seemingly unrelated regression model (SURE) simultaneously estimates the explanatory value of the different elements of the marketing strategy, as well as company characteristics, such as experience, size and motivation to export, on entry decisions to six different regional markets made by exporting companies in a southern European country. The data were collected fr...

  11. WHY CHINESE TOURISTS CHOOSE FINLAND AS TRAVEL DESTINATION

    Zheng, Qiaoyin

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to find out the reasons why Chinese tourists choose Finland as travel destination. In this study, the author gives general view of Chinese outbound tourism and comes up with some reasonable recommendations for attracting more Chinese tourists to travel to Finland. Also the aim is to help readers to make improvements for increasing the competitiveness of Finland in the Chinese tourism market. The theoretical framework consist of the theory based on consumer b...

  12. The image of the Arkhangelsk Region as a tourism destination

    Khudyakova, Ekaterina

    2015-01-01

    This research project is concerned with the investigation of the image of the Arkhangelsk Region among international tourists. It will include description of images that international tourists had during different stages of their visit in the destination from pre-travel stage to post-travel stage. Following that, I offer conclusions about image development and modification and about pre and post-image differences. The research may help to understand what image Arkhangelsk Region has among int...

  13. Sustainable Coastal Destination Development: Fostering Green Practices of Restaurateurs

    Timo Derriks; Tara Hoetjes

    2015-01-01

    Coastal tourism destinations are reinventing themselves, concentrating on product improvement and image enhancement. Reinventing sustainably is key and restaurants are an important factor. Research upon the processes of change in the industry seems to be fragmented and undefined in its conclusions. Knowledge is lacking on what specifically drives innovation in the hospitality industry. Since restaurants seem to be focusing more than ever on implementing green strategies, incorporating sustain...

  14. Vietnamese rice exports: Do large destination markets stimulate?

    Vu, Hanh Thi; Doan, Hung Quang

    2013-01-01

    What determines Vietnamese rice export flows? Data on rice export from Vietnam and its 124 destination markets in 2010 shows that high-income from agricultural sector of importing countries do not necessarily result in higher rice exports whereas exports tend to be higher to highly populated countries. In order to confirm the negative effect of the importing countries' GDP, We proceed to split the full sample into subsamples for Asian and non-Asian importing countries. While GDP covers the en...

  15. Return to Tourist Destination. Is it Reputation, After All?

    Francisco J. Ledesma; Manuel Navarro; Jorge V. Pérez-Rodríguez

    2003-01-01

    In this paper we study the hypothesis that the repeated purchases in the tourism markets could be considered as a consequence of asymmetrical information problems. We analyze this hypothesis with the case study of the Island of Tenerife by the estimation of a count data model. We obtain that the length of the stay and the information obtained from previous visits and/or relatives and friends might increase the return to a destination suggesting the presence of a reputation mechanism as propos...

  16. Analysis of the preferences of young adults regarding touristic destinations

    Martins, Miguel Celestino Marques

    2013-01-01

    The Portuguese economy has been struggling for the last decade. However, Portuguese tourism is rising due to the growth of external demand. Thus, it is very important to be aware of the strengths and weaknesses of the Portuguese touristic sector once it is helping Portugal’s economy. This study analyses the preferences of young adults for travel destinations. More specifically, those preferences are explained based on different variables such as the travellers’ awareness, the p...

  17. Surf tourism: segmentation by motivation and destination choice

    Reis, Patrícia; Jorge, João Paulo

    2012-01-01

    The choice of touristic destinations depends on a number of factors, whether they’re personal, sociological or economical. The tourist demand is, thus, closely related to the decision that people make when planning their leisure activities. The following analysis seeks to provide information that will provide guidance to public authorities and companies planning in the strategy of sustainable tourism development within a specific segment, in this case surf tourism. This is a new business oppo...

  18. Oltenia – Micro-destination of Cultural and Medical Spa Tourism

    Aurelia-Felicia STĂNCIOIU

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available A region, in order to express its viability as tourism destination, has to emphasize not only its defining elements, but also the activities from the recreative, curative or cultural field in which it has specialized in (processed after Cocean et al., 2002, pp. 297-298. This involves several stages, organically linked in a planned framework, with the establishment of the specific objectives and strategies, not only at micro and meso, but also at macro level, beginning with “the study of the motivational demand, of the resources, in terms of their functionality in tourism and their profitability in exploitation” (Erdeli, Gheorghilaş, 2006, pp. 288-289.The authors intend, based on these considerations, to reveal the elements of regional brand, with the identification of those functions or types of tourism (recreative, curative and/or cultural which are specific to the region of Oltenia, that is “still unseen and unknown”.

  19. Sustainable Coastal Destination Development: Fostering Green Practices of Restaurateurs

    Timo Derriks

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Coastal tourism destinations are reinventing themselves, concentrating on product improvement and image enhancement. Reinventing sustainably is key and restaurants are an important factor. Research upon the processes of change in the industry seems to be fragmented and undefined in its conclusions. Knowledge is lacking on what specifically drives innovation in the hospitality industry. Since restaurants seem to be focusing more than ever on implementing green strategies, incorporating sustainability into restaurant practices is not an unexplored area. However, the how and why it is incorporated or not, can be different per restaurant. The objective of this study is to identify possibilities of change in restaurateur practices, which can lead to interventions that will foster sustainable destination development in Vrouwenpolder; a coastal destination within the Netherlands. For the identification of interventions that could advance the sustainability enacted in restaurateur practices, a qualitative research was conducted. Practices of restaurateurs in Vrouwenpolder are identified and compared to perceived-to-be ideal practices. Analysis of data collection draws on practice theory, and resulted into recommendations for advancing the sustainability enacted in restaurateur practices. It seems to be that primarily the meaning within a practice is decisive in whether sustainability is integrated or not.

  20. BRAND EQUITY OF LAHORE FORT AS A TOURISM DESTINATION BRAND

    Muhammad Kashif

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Studies that measure the brand equity of destination brands by using the Customer-Based Brand Equity (CBBE model in a developing country context are scarce. The present study investigates the destination brand equity of the Lahore Fort by employing the CBBE model in a developing country context of Pakistan. Following the positivist tradition, we adopted a survey-based approach to collect data from 237 tourists visiting the Lahore Fort. Data were collected through a questionnaire developed to explain the relationship of brand awareness, brand image, brand association, and brand loyalty with Lahore Fort’s overall brand equity. We used various robust statistical techniques such as correlation, regression and confirmatory factor analysis (using PLS method to reach meaningful conclusions and found that brand image and brand associations positively contribute to brand loyalty. Furthermore, brand loyalty significantly contributes towards overall brand equity. Pragmatically, this study measures the customer based brand equity of the Lahore Fort, a destination brand. The results are useful as they suggest a few strategies that can help policy makers to enhance Lahore Fort’s brand performance.

  1. FACTORS AFFECTING CITY DESTINATION CHOICE AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE IN SERBIA

    Nemanja Tomić

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this study is to explore factors which influence city destination choice among young people in Serbia. In order to achieve this we conducted a survey consisting of 20 different items influencing the choice of city destination. Afterwards the principal component exploratory factor analysis (EFA was carried out in order to extract factors. T-test and ANOVA test were also used to determine if there is a difference between different gender and age groups in terms of which factors influence their choice of a city destination. The results indicate four motivating factors extracted by factor analysis, from which Good hospitality and restaurant service seems to be the major motivating factor. The results also show that respondents belonging to the age group of under 25 give more importance to Information and promotion as well as to Good hospitality and restaurant service than those belonging to older age groups. The same two factors are also more important to females than males.

  2. Optimal Forwarding in Delay Tolerant Networks with Multiple Destinations

    Singh, Chandramani; Kumar, Anurag; Sundaresan, Rajesh

    2011-01-01

    We study the trade-off between delivery delay and energy consumption in a delay tolerant network in which a message (or a file) has to be delivered to each of several destinations by epidemic relaying. In addition to the destinations, there are several other nodes in the network that can assist in relaying the message. We first assume that, at every instant, all the nodes know the number of relays carrying the packet and the number of destinations that have received the packet. We formulate the problem as a controlled continuous time Markov chain and derive the optimal closed loop control (i.e., forwarding policy). However, in practice, the intermittent connectivity in the network implies that the nodes may not have the required perfect knowledge of the system state. To address this issue, we obtain an ODE (i.e., a deterministic fluid) approximation for the optimally controlled Markov chain. This fluid approximation also yields an asymptotically optimal open loop policy. Finally, we evaluate the performance o...

  3. Exploring the Personality Traits of Portugal as a Tourist Destination: Perspective of the Czech Market

    Manuela Guerreiro

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The personality of a destination is vital to build a coherent destination brand and strengthen the place identity. Furthermore, brand personality appears in literature as a strategic axis that can be explored by tourist destinations in order to differentiate themselves from competitors. Since a brand encompasses not only functional but also symbolic elements, its image, as perceived by consumers, can be assessed with respect to both its functional and psychological components. Hence, this exploratory study investigates the brand personality of Portugal as a tourist destination, from the perspective of the Czech market, through a destination image approach. The online survey instrument included open-ended items to depict functional and psychological destination features and additional questions to characterize the profile of a sample of Czech university students. The main findings of this research highlight positive personality traits that are related to the brand of Portugal, which suggest its potential as a vacation destination for the Czech market under study.

  4. Bathing littoral water pollution related to ditches fecal coliform concentration and load (first stage); Inquinamento delle acque litorali adibite alla balneazione in relazione alla concentrazione e al carico di coliformi fecali dei fossi (prima fase di studio)

    Simoni, Franco [ARPAT, Lucca (Italy). Dipt. Provinciale U.O. Biologia Ambientale; Quilici, Mariachiara; Brunelli, Iacopo

    1997-08-01

    Fecal coliforms concentration and load, and flow of four ditches (Burlamacca, Abate, Motrone, Fiumetto) with mouth into Versilia coast have been studied. Superficial water environmental impact on surrounding sea-water (according to DPR 470/82) has been evaluated. During the study period (from April to September) these mouths behave like lagoons, showing negative positive or no flow, in relation both to the sea and to affluent waters hydrodynamic force. Positive correlation between mm of rain fallen during the week before the drawing and the number of FC/100 ml of ditches water has been pointed out, while there is no correlation with FC/100 ml of sea-water. Sea-water pollution is influenced by ditches flow a nd load of FC s{sup -1}; these two parameters are not correlated to rain, because it is often associated with sea-land wind. Fiumetto ditch is an exception, with its significant correlation index (r = 0.64). The correlation between the number of FC s{sup -1} of the ditches and the number of FC/100 ml of littoral water is significant for Burlamacca and Abate ditches (r > 0.63, p < 0.05). Burlamacca ditch produces greater fecal pollution (FC s{sup -1} = 247077332) than Motrone (FC {sup -1} = 5406436), Abate (FCs{sup -1} = 4114183) and Fiumetto (FCs{sup -1} 2201103) ditches.

  5. Destination Branding as an Informational Signal and its Influence on Satisfaction and Loyalty in the Leisure Tourism Market

    Huh, Jin

    2006-01-01

    This study provides an integrated approach to understanding the relationship between destination branding and tourist behavior, and attempts to extend the theoretical and empirical evidence about the structural relationships among the following constructs: destination image, perceived quality, destination awareness (elements of destination branding), tourist satisfaction, and tourist loyalty (elements of tourist behavior) in the leisure tourism market. This study develops and empirically test...

  6. Developing an Efectiveness Evaluation Framework for Destination Management Systems

    Horan, Patrick

    2010-01-01

    The ever-increasing use of the Web as a channel of distribution within the tourism industry naturally leads to a situation where its effectiveness needs to be examined and justified. While there is a growing realisation of the need to assess the effectiveness of a Destination Management Systems (DMS) based websites, research into this area in the tourism domain has been quite limited and narrow in focus. This situation is further compounded by the fact that currently there is little in the wa...

  7. THE ROLE OF RESORT PLANNING IN SUSTAINING TOURIST DESTINATION IMAGE

    Ozdemir, Gocke

    2008-01-01

    The environmental quality is recognized to be an important factor while making decisions upon the destination to visit. The image of the resort will likely to be more realistic but also complex after the tourists’ visit. The complex image of the resort, where the tourist has about after visiting it, is crucial for creating loyalty and also word of mouth advertising. Therefore, if the tourists visiting the resort are to complain then the intermediaries will likely to reduce the tourism activ...

  8. Iconic Destination: a Snapshot of Sustainable Tourism in Pisa

    Silvia Sarti

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is one of the world's fastest growing industries. According to the World Tourism Organization, Italy is the fifth most visited country in the world, with more than 47.7 million tourists a year (2013. At the same time, the increasing number of studies focused on sustainable tourism demonstrates a growing interest about the topic. In addition, practitioners’ attitude is changing and the most important actors of the market are acting in a more sustainable way and developing reports on their eco-friendly performances. Nowadays, the entire supply chain maybe environmentally sustainable. From the reservation to the post-holiday phase, it is possible to select the more eco-friendly suppliers. The main companies operating in the different stages of the process are demonstrating a concrete interest on sustainable development. This new challenge is generated through the information flow between local authorities, private firms and final customers. We propose to make a reflection based on the latter actors’ attitude. Our research aims to investigate the level of sensitivity of tourists about environmental sustainability from two different perspectives: self-evaluation and real purchasing behavior. We conducted a face-to-face survey among tourists in Pisa, in Piazza dei Miracoli, during May 2015. By using a structured questionnaire, we gathered primary data from a sample of 406 respondents. We selected respondents randomly. Pisa is the perfect location to obtain information from several typologies of tourists, with different levels of awareness of sustainable issues. Itis one of the most important tourist destination in Italy and it is an iconic destination recognized worldwide thanks to the attractiveness of the leading tower. The results of our study is a snapshot of the current level of awareness among tourists. The analysis of the questionnaires revealed tourist profiles, their eco-friendly behaviors, their concerns about sustainability

  9. The Role of Destination Attributes in Islamic Tourism

    Battour Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study are to test the relationship between tourism motivations and tourist satisfaction, and to test how ‘Religion’ moderates the relationship. The variable ‘Religion’ is represented by the availability of Islamic norms and practices which are relevant to tourism at the destination. The results of the Partial least square (PLS indicated that the tourism motivations are significantly and positively related to tourist satisfaction. The results also showed that Religion significantly moderates the relationship between pull motivation and tourist satisfaction. However, the moderating effect of Religion on the relationship between push motivation and tourist satisfaction was not supported.

  10. NASA Technology Area 07: Human Exploration Destination Systems Roadmap

    Kennedy, Kriss J.; Alexander, Leslie; Landis, Rob; Linne, Diane; Mclemore, Carole; Santiago-Maldonado, Edgardo; Brown, David L.

    2011-01-01

    This paper gives an overview of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Office of Chief Technologist (OCT) led Space Technology Roadmap definition efforts. This paper will given an executive summary of the technology area 07 (TA07) Human Exploration Destination Systems (HEDS). These are draft roadmaps being reviewed and updated by the National Research Council. Deep-space human exploration missions will require many game changing technologies to enable safe missions, become more independent, and enable intelligent autonomous operations and take advantage of the local resources to become self-sufficient thereby meeting the goal of sustained human presence in space. Taking advantage of in-situ resources enhances and enables revolutionary robotic and human missions beyond the traditional mission architectures and launch vehicle capabilities. Mobility systems will include in-space flying, surface roving, and Extra-vehicular Activity/Extravehicular Robotics (EVA/EVR) mobility. These push missions will take advantage of sustainability and supportability technologies that will allow mission independence to conduct human mission operations either on or near the Earth, in deep space, in the vicinity of Mars, or on the Martian surface while opening up commercialization opportunities in low Earth orbit (LEO) for research, industrial development, academia, and entertainment space industries. The Human Exploration Destination Systems (HEDS) Technology Area (TA) 7 Team has been chartered by the Office of the Chief Technologist (OCT) to strategically roadmap technology investments that will enable sustained human exploration and support NASA s missions and goals for at least the next 25 years. HEDS technologies will enable a sustained human presence for exploring destinations such as remote sites on Earth and beyond including, but not limited to, LaGrange points, low Earth orbit (LEO), high Earth orbit (HEO), geosynchronous orbit (GEO), the Moon, near

  11. MAURITIUS: A SUNNY HOLIDAY DESTINATION FOR FINNISH PEOPLE

    Goburdhun Bhurtun, Ishina

    2016-01-01

    The tourism market of Mauritius is booming as tourists are nowadays coming from many countries, thus improving the economy of the island. However, few Finnish tourists travel to Mauritius as it is still not well-known among Finns. The aim of this study is to find out how Mauritius can be promoted as a holiday destination in Finland. This study was conducted via an analysis of the tourism business environment and interviews. The analytical tools used were a SWOT analysis and Porter’s five ...

  12. Going round in circles: mobility, destination and experience

    Alan Clarke

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the changing approaches to transport in urban tourism as seen through the move from functional sectoral accounts towards a perspective informed by the experience economy. By reviewing the traditional service offers, it is possible to unpack what lies within the service dominant logics that lead to co-creation of value and the realisation of quality tourism experiences. The paper then considers the adoption and adaptation of traditional forms of transport within the value proposition in urban tourism. Mobility in tourism is a strangely new focus of attention, strangely because without it there would be no tourism to speak of. However mobility requires a framework of civil and legal entitlements that allow people to move and a transport infrastructure that allows those rights to be realised in both working and leisure time situations. This article will address the construction of the tourism transport infrastructure by examining the ways in which the transportation elements in mobility have been re-thought within tourism. The first part of the paper will re-construct an account of transport and mobility which deals with it in terms of the functions and logistics of delivery, both between points of origin and destinations, and within destinations. These perspectives can be seen in the texts which shape the basic tourism curriculum and explain how tourism and transport have developed over the years by integrating the opportunities provided by the new technologies – motorised vehicles (both cars and coaches, trains, ships and aeroplanes – to allow for the development of a range of destinations. Lumsdon and Page (2004 introduced a new approach to transport and tourism by distinguishing between transport for tourism and transport as tourism, which provides a linkage between the first and second parts of this article. The second part will develop an account of mobility in tourism that demonstrates how their uniqueness derives

  13. Latvia as a Summer Festival Destination to Finnish Tourists

    Balode, Kristine

    2016-01-01

    The subject of the Bachelor’s thesis is Latvia as a Summer Festival Destination to Finnish tourists. The aim of this thesis is to find out if Latvia is known for its summer Festivals and how to improve their marketing. Marketing, social media and mobile applications are important promotion for the festivals. Three of the biggest and well known Latvian summer festivals were chosen as Positivus, Summer Sound and Laba Daba. All of the festivals offer wide range of local and international artists...

  14. The Impact of Climate on Holiday Destination Choice

    Bigano, A.; Hamilton, J.M.; Tol, R.S.J.

    2005-01-01

    The holiday destination choice is analysed for tourists from 45 countries, representing all continents and all climates. Tourists are deterred by distance, political instability and poverty, and attracted to coasts. Tourists prefer countries with a sunny yet mild climate, shun climes that are too hot or too cold. A country’s tourists’ aversion for poverty and distance can be predicted by that country’s average per capita income. The preferred holiday climate is the same for all tourists, inde...

  15. Regional destination marketing and websites as marketing tool : Study case: Nature Park Lahn-Dill Bergland, Germany

    Bopper, Katrin

    2011-01-01

    This thesis gives a deeper understanding of destination marketing and branding in a wider sense. More specifically, the main focus is put on the brand communication through websites of regional destination marketing organizations in Germany. The work demonstrates the complexity of the destination branding process and that this is something very difficult to influence and to lead. The significance of promoting and communicating a destination brand shows that destination marketing is a...

  16. Residential integration on the new frontier: immigrant segregation in established and new destinations.

    Hall, Matthew

    2013-10-01

    This article explores patterns and determinants of immigrant segregation for 10 immigrant groups in established, new, and minor destination areas. Using a group-specific typology of metropolitan destinations, this study finds that without controls for immigrant-group and metropolitan-level characteristics, immigrants in new destinations are more segregated and immigrants in minor destinations considerably more segregated than their counterparts in established destinations. Neither controls for immigrant-group acculturation or socioeconomic status nor those for demographic, housing, and economic features of metropolitan areas can fully account for the heightened levels of segregation observed in new and minor destinations. Overall, the results offer support for arguments that a diverse set of immigrant groups face challenges to residential incorporation in the new areas of settlement. PMID:23192394

  17. [Role of context recall in destination memory decline in normal aging].

    El Haj, Mohamad; Allain, Philippe

    2014-12-01

    Until recently, little was known about destination memory, or memory for the destination of outputted information. In the present work, this memory was evaluated in 32 older adults and 36 younger adults, who had to associate proverbs to pictures of famous people and decide, on a subsequent recognition task, whether they had previously told that proverb to that face or not. When deciding about the destination, participants had to provide contextual judgment, that is, whether each picture had been previously exposed in color or in black and white. Participants also performed a neuropsychological battery tapping episodic memory and executive functions. Findings showed poor destination recall in older participants. Destination recall in older adults was reliably predicted by with their context recall. Destination memory seems to be particularly affected by aging, a deterioration that can be related to deficits in processing contextual features during encoding. PMID:25515908

  18. APPROACHES IN INVESTIGATING ROMANIA’S IMAGE AS A TOURIST DESTINATION AMONG THE TURKISH STUDENTS

    Olimpia BAN

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The image of the tourist destination plays an essential role in the decision making process regarding the choice of a holiday. Image has a crucial role in the success of the destination because it influences the consumers’ satisfaction and helps in drawing up a promotion strategy for the positioning/repositioning on a certain market, branding/rebranding the tourist destination. Information from different sources contribute to the formation of the image of a certain destination, information which can be distributed into: the promotion performed by the destination; the other’s opinions (direct or indirect; mass-media and the popular culture. We intended to investigate Romania’s image a a tourist destination among the Turkish students. The results showed that the students had very poor knowledge of our country.

  19. Marketing and Brand Design of Destination Experiences: The Role of ICT

    Dora Agapito

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The proliferation of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT with particular emphasis on internet have been rapidly adapted to tourism, where new opportunities for design and marketing strategies for destinations are being explored in both physical and virtual environments. Furthermore, the process of designing strong brands and facilitating positive and memorable experiences are central activities concerning destinations aiming to become more competitive. Accordingly, Destinations Marketing Organizations (DMOs are now exploring ICT and new forms of human interactions with a view to offer new opportunities for visitors to engage in the process of co-creating enhanced destination experiences in a technology-based environment. Considering that ICT both contribute to the process of designing innovative destination experiences and support enhanced individuals’ experiences before, during and after the trip, the purpose of this paper is to explore the role of ICT in the marketing and brand design of destination experiences.

  20. EVALUATING THE IMAGE OF TOURISM DESTINATIONS. THE CASE OF THE AUTONOMOUS COMMUNITY OF THE CANARY ISLANDS

    Roxana - Andreea SARAGEA

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In the context of increased competition on the international tourism market, the assessment of destination image has become a research subject for both managers aiming to improve destination positioning and academic researchers. In order to obtain a competitive advantage, every tourist destination must identify, maintain and reinforce, through appropriate marketing policies, unique items that form and build over time "the destination' s image". Accordingly, the ultimate target of the tourist destinations' promoters should be to achieve a high level of coincidence between the promoted or projected image and the perceived image of the destination, held by potential and actual tourists. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to illustrate promotional techniques and methods used by the authorities of the Canary Islands over the years (projected image, and to identify, through a survey among the citizens of Braşov, the image that they have of the Canary Islands (perceived image.

  1. Case Studies Approach in Tourism Destination Branding Research

    Adeyinka-Ojo S.F.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A review of literature indicates that there are different types of qualitative research methods such as action research, content analysis, ethnography, grounded theory, historical analysis, phenomenology and case study. However, which approach is to be used depends on several factors such as the nature and objectives of the research. The aim of this paper is to focus on the research methodology aspects of applying case study as a research approach and its relevance in tourism destination branding research specifically on a single case study (SCS context. There are arguments that the SCS is a weak research strategy. Some of the potentials or shortcomings highlighted in the literature include the primitive nature of SCS, flexibility of sample technique, data collection method and data analysis. Others include lack of rigour, reliability, validity, credibility of findings and generalisation. This paper has adopted content analysis of the literature on tourism destination branding. Findings indicate that the quality of SCS can be verified using specific case study tactics for four design tests such as validity (construct, internal and external; and reliability using the case study protocol. Theoretical implication suggests that SCS is an empirical enquiry use to understand complex phenomena and favoured by practitioners.

  2. Tourists intra-destination visits and transportation mode: a bivariate model

    Lorenzo Masiero; Judit Zoltan

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates tourists’ profile in relation to both intra-destination movement patterns and transportation mode choices at the destination through the use of bivariate probit models. The analysis is based on a field survey conducted among tourists visiting the Canton of Ticino, Switzerland. The results show a positive correlation between visiting more than one region and the use of private transportation at the destination. In particular, the two variables are explained by a m...

  3. Rejuvenation strategies: A comparison of winter sport destinations in Alpine regions

    Müller, Sabine; Peters, Mike; Blanco, Esther

    2010-01-01

    Using the tourist area life cycle as a basic framework and with the help of tourism destination case studies, the aim of this paper is to investigate tourism destinations’ initiatives to rejuvenate their product/service bundles. A literature review highlights recent contributions in the tourist are life cycle research and concludes with strategic alternatives of tourism destination growth. In the empirical part of the paper tourism destination management strategies are analyzed. We attempt to...

  4. THE BRAND EQUITY OF TOURISTIC DESTINATIONS - THE MEANING OF THE VALUE

    Silaghi Simona; Popa Luminita; Ban Olimpia

    2011-01-01

    In today's global economy, each place competes with other places for economic benefits. Destination has become a product that has to be promoted and sold in the most advantageous terms. The work bellow is an analysis of "brand equity" concept for touristic destinations, as found in the specific literature. Destination brands differ from product brands, major distinction being given by their stability/ instability. Brands of products are stable; this constant is maintained by the use of qualit...

  5. PARTNERSHIP WITH MARKETING CHANNELS FOR PURPOSE OF IMPROVEMENT OF THE TOURISM DESTINATION IMAGE

    Jadranka Dragičević

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an analysisthat explains theoretical and empirical significancethat marketing channels have in the process ofdestination image formation in contemporarybusiness and the relevance of forming partnershiprelations between the destinations and themarketing channel participants. By introducingmarketing channels into the network of marketingrelations destinations we achieve collaborationwith independent agents that secure necessary levelof purchasing process management and means ofimpact on tourism destination image that isconsidered to be the strongest element ofdifferentiation between tourism products.

  6. Helsinki’s Image as a Tourism Destination in St Petersburg

    Saks, Arina

    2012-01-01

    The thesis was written in order to determine the image of Helsinki as a tourism destination in St Petersburg. The theoretical framework based on the definition of the concept of the image and consumer behaviour in tourism. The literature review helps to determine the destination image and its components. Woodside and Lysonski’s model of destination awareness and Middleton’s a stimulus-response model both lead to a better understanding of consumer behaviour concept and decision-making proc...

  7. Competitiveness Study of Ski Sports Tourism Destination Based on Matlab Principal Component Analysis

    Fengxian Wang

    2013-01-01

    In this study, it studies the competitiveness of the ski sports tourism destination, conducts indexing and quantitative research on the many aspects of economic, cultural, environmental and social issues of the destinations competitiveness. It uses principal component analysis to analyze the quantized index, obtains the five principle components whose cumulative contribution rate have reached 93.27% and ranks the competitiveness levels of the top ten ski tourism destinations in China using th...

  8. The impacts of tourism experiences in the destination image: a marketing perspective

    Matos, Nelson

    2014-01-01

    The thesis focus is to study the impacts of the tourism experiences in the destination image of the Algarve, Portugal, which is a tourism destination with a long tradition in the tourism activity, centered mainly in the sun and beach tourism products. The literature review conducted in this study concentrated on two main areas of knowledge, tourism and marketing, and on two constructs, destination image and tourism experience. The role of each construct and their interrelations...

  9. Could Hong Kong be developed as a romantic destination of tourism?

    Jim, Chun-hing

    2006-01-01

    Contrary on the common belief of Hong Kong as a tourist destination of shopping paradise, Hong Kong does have the romantic elements in which there is the potential for Hong Kong to be repositioned in the international tourism market to be a romantic destination for attracting newlyweds to celebrate their honeymoons here and for married couples for celebrating their marriage anniversary. This paper examines the attributes of Hong Kong to be a romantic destination by a SWOT Analysis and fin...

  10. Positioning the city product as an international tourist destination: Evidence from South Africa

    Prayag, Girish

    2007-01-01

    Increased competition among international tourism destinations has turned many countries to seek growth from destination branding and positioning strategies. The most popular type of destination of interest for positioning studies has been countries, followed by states and very few studies have focused on city products. This study aims at contributing to city marketing and positioning literature. The objectives of this study are two-fold: firstly to identify whether cognitive images of Cape T...

  11. Marketing of the Balkans as à tourist destination for cultural tourism

    Stoyan Marinov

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this work is to outline possibilities for the marketing of the Balkans as à tourist destination for cultural tourism. It gives à definition of the Balkan region as à tourist destination. The target cultural tourist segments of the region are indicated. The strategic marketing mix is drawn for the positioning of the Balkans on the market of cultural tourism. The possible organizational platform for the marketing of the Balkans as à tourist destination is shown.

  12. Destination branding : a case study of the Kruger National Park / J.W. Hood

    Hood, Joseph William

    2008-01-01

    The conscious creation and marketing of a destination brand and image is a feature of the present age. Brands can affect tourists' choices and behaviour and are therefore important in destination marketing. Marketing organisations devote considerable time to creating brands and channelling them through various media sources to the target markets. The success of the destination brand can be measured and defined by the expectations of the tourists. This study measured the SANParks brand by focu...

  13. Tourists’ Satisfaction at Trijuginarayan: An Emerging Spiritual and Adventure Tourist Destination in Garhwal Himalaya India

    S.C. Bagri; Devkant Kala

    2015-01-01

    Tourists’ satisfaction has been acknowledged as one of the most important elements of competitive advantage and formulating effective destination management strategies because it is a reliable standard to evaluate performance of tangible and intangible elements of tourism products and services. The purpose of this study is to investigate tourists’ satisfaction by examining the relationship between destination attribute importance and performance in a tourist destination. Trijuginara...

  14. Exploring the Personality Traits of Portugal as a Tourist Destination: Perspective of the Czech Market

    Manuela Guerreiro; Dora Agapito; Matěj Pech

    2015-01-01

    The personality of a destination is vital to build a coherent destination brand and strengthen the place identity. Furthermore, brand personality appears in literature as a strategic axis that can be explored by tourist destinations in order to differentiate themselves from competitors. Since a brand encompasses not only functional but also symbolic elements, its image, as perceived by consumers, can be assessed with respect to both its functional and psychological components. Hence, th...

  15. Comparing Destination Image and Loyalty between First-time and Repeat-visit Tourists

    Mohamad M.; Ab Ghani N. I.

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the difference between destination image and loyalty among first-time and repeat-visit tourists. The study was undertaken to examine aspects of underlying factors of destination image that influenced tourists’ willingness to recommend Malaysia to their friends and relatives as well as spread positive word-of-mouth to others. In addition, it was to ascertain the relationship between destination image and loyalty among first-time and repeat-visit t...

  16. The Relationship between Destination Image, Food Image, and Revisiting Pattaya, Thailand

    Sarunya Lertputtarak

    2012-01-01

    Destination image and food image are the essences of tourists’ destination selections. The purposes of thisresearch were to study tourists’ perception toward destination image and Thai food image as well as study therelationship between those two variables and the tourists’ intention to revisit. The research was conducted inPattaya, Thailand. A questionnaire was used to survey 476 foreign visitors by a convenience sampling method.The results demonstrated that the respondents perceived the Pat...

  17. The cognitive-affective-conative model of destination image: A confirmatory analysis

    Agapito, Dora; Valle, Patrícia Oom do; Mendes, Júlio

    2013-01-01

    Destination image influences tourist behaviour before, during and after travel, as it is an important instrument which contributes to tourists’ loyalty. In this context, although Gartner (1993) advocates that the cognitive, affective and conative dimensions of destination image are hierarchically interrelated, there is no empirical evidence to support the complete model. This study aims to test the hierarchical nature of the relationship between the dimensions of destination image. The result...

  18. INTEGRATED QUALITY MANAGEMENT OF TOURIST DESTINATIONS IN PROTECTED AREAS, THE CASE OF PIATRA CRAIULUI NATIONAL PARK

    Adina Nicoleta CANDREA; Gabriel BRĂTUCU

    2010-01-01

    In an increasingly competitive marketplace, viable destinations must develop competitive products in a framework of responsible development. Many destinations operate within highly competitive environments where customers have a wide range of choices even within a country or a region. The challenge is for destinations to develop a service culture, physical environment and a set of products that can satisfy not only first-time visitors but attract repeat visitors. Due to the obstacles of ensur...

  19. Holiday Destination Choice Behavior Analysis Based on AFC Data of Urban Rail Transit

    Chang-jun Cai

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available For urban rail transit, the spatial distribution of passenger flow in holiday usually differs from weekdays. Holiday destination choice behavior analysis is the key to analyze passengers’ destination choice preference and then obtain the OD (origin-destination distribution of passenger flow. This paper aims to propose a holiday destination choice model based on AFC (automatic fare collection data of urban rail transit system, which is highly expected to provide theoretic support to holiday travel demand analysis for urban rail transit. First, based on Guangzhou Metro AFC data collected on New Year’s day, the characteristics of holiday destination choice behavior for urban rail transit passengers is analyzed. Second, holiday destination choice models based on MNL (Multinomial Logit structure are established for each New Year’s days respectively, which takes into account some novel explanatory variables (such as attractiveness of destination. Then, the proposed models are calibrated with AFC data from Guangzhou Metro using WESML (weighted exogenous sample maximum likelihood estimation and compared with the base models in which attractiveness of destination is not considered. The results show that the ρ2 values are improved by 0.060, 0.045, and 0.040 for January 1, January 2, and January 3, respectively, with the consideration of destination attractiveness.

  20. Shades of Pink. Reykjavík a gay-friendly destination

    Verdugo, Julio César León, 1986-

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to learn from gay men’s previous travel experiences and what destination they have experienced as more gay-friendly. This research first reviews the concept of destination image, and what influences in creating the image of a destination, to later apply this concept to understand what factors play a role in the image creation of a gay destination. The push and pull factors theory is also analyzed to explore the elements that influence gay men to visit a new des...

  1. GRANITE CUTTING WASTE: TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION FOR THE FINAL DESTINATION

    Joner Oliveira Alves

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The granite processing market is one of the most promising business areas of the mineral sector, with an average growth of the world production of about 6% per year. The granite extraction generates residues in the form of powder rock of 20-25 wt.% of the total benefited. The granite dust must be carefully managed since it can cause siltation of rivers and human health risks. This paper presents two routes for the final destination of this waste: the vitrification process aiming the production of fibers for thermo-acoustic insulation, and the magnetic separation in order to recover the steel grit. Results showed that the forms of treatments presented are economically and ecologically viable since they represent a cost reduction in the waste disposal, and also provide the production of new materials with commercial value.

  2. The impacts of tourism experiences in the destination impact. The case of the Algarve

    Matos, Nelson; Mendes, Júlio; Valle, Patrícia Oom do

    2011-01-01

    To succeed nowadays, tourism destinations must differentiate and create a competitive positioning, and this can only be done by addressing and adapting to the needs of their visitors. A value-attainment construct based on tourism experiences is proposed for the product development and promotion strategy of the destination Algarve.

  3. Promoting Sochi as a Tourist Destination in the Post-Olympic Period

    Larisa M. Romanova; Nadezhda K. Serdyukova

    2014-01-01

    Sochi tourist destination promotion in the post-Olympic period is an important topic for tourist market participants, local authority and researchers. Tourist destination promotion system is an essential factor to enlarge tourist flow to Sochi. The authors are thinking how to use Olympics image effect and Olympic heritage prospects.

  4. 14 CFR 121.621 - Alternate airport for destination: Flag operations.

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Alternate airport for destination: Flag... OPERATING REQUIREMENTS: DOMESTIC, FLAG, AND SUPPLEMENTAL OPERATIONS Dispatching and Flight Release Rules § 121.621 Alternate airport for destination: Flag operations. (a) No person may dispatch an...

  5. A Semiotic Model of Destination Representations Applied to Cultural and Heritage Tourism Marketing

    Pennington, Jody; Thomsen, Robert Chr.

    2010-01-01

    The article argues that semiotic analysis can be applied advantageously in tourism studies. C.S. Peirce’s representation triad is applied to destination representations by conceptualizing destinations, related activities, or entities as objects; photographs or textual descriptions as signs; and...

  6. Tourists’ Satisfaction at Trijuginarayan: An Emerging Spiritual and Adventure Tourist Destination in Garhwal Himalaya India

    S.C. Bagri

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Tourists’ satisfaction has been acknowledged as one of the most important elements of competitive advantage and formulating effective destination management strategies because it is a reliable standard to evaluate performance of tangible and intangible elements of tourism products and services. The purpose of this study is to investigate tourists’ satisfaction by examining the relationship between destination attribute importance and performance in a tourist destination. Trijuginarayan, an emerging spiritual and adventure tourist destination located in Garhwal Himalaya in Uttarakhand state of India was selected as the study area for this research. Importance-Performance Analysis was employed to examine the relationship between importance and performance of various destination attributes. Results revealed that attributes related to tourism product of spiritual and cultural nature, atmosphere and climate, a variety of tourist activities, hospitality and safety are significant factors in determining tourist satisfaction, whereas basic facilities such as accommodation, transportation, tourism infrastructure and hygiene and sanitation at destination are of significant importance in satisfaction evaluation. Findings also reveal that tourists were satisfied with the core products, but were dissatisfied with basic tourist facilities offered at the destination. The findings alert concerned tourism stakeholders for outlining effective strategies for holistic development and improving performance of attributes in a given destination.

  7. PROMOTING TOURIST DESTINATIONS THROUGH SPORT EVENTS. THE CASE OF BRAŞOV

    Ana ISPAS

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Sport event tourism is a huge and growing global industry with important economic implications for both the sport, the event and the impact of travel and tourism related benefits on host destinations. A primary function of a sport event is to provide the host community with an opportunity to secure high prominence in the tourism market place. However, international or regional prominence may be gained with significant social and environmental costs. Hosting sport events has been a focus of destination marketers as a strategy to enhance its destination image and differentiate its tourism products. Communities are attracted to hosting sport events to draw marketing benefits that will contribute to the success of the destination in the long run by creating awareness, improving their image with visitors and attracting tourism business to generate future inbound travel. As such, destination images can be influenced by the hosting of a sport event and the attributes associated with this event. The purpose of this paper is to outline the role of sport event tourism in the promotion of tourist destinations. A case study has been chosen in order to illustrate the interdependence between event and destination marketing: Braşov, hosting the winter edition of The European Youth Olympic Festival in 2013. The paper includes a series of recommendations for destination managers in order to maximise the benefits of this event and take this opportunity to promote Braşov on the international market.

  8. Tourism Destination Management (Case Study in Department of Culture and Tourism Pasuruan Regency

    Sony Manggala Putra

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The tourism sector as one of the leading sectors in Pasuruan still faces many obstacles. The constraints associated with conditions that require improvement on tourist destination related to the presence of infrastructure, zoning, the gap between the tourism destination in the West and the East area, up to the level of visitation which has decreased from year to year. The aims of the studi were to describe and analyze Tourism Destination Management conducted by Department of Culture and Tourism Pasuruan at Banyu Biru and Ranu Grati object to become competitive and sustainable tourism destination. This study used a qualitative approach with a case study method locus in the Department of Culture and Tourism Pasuruan. The results of this study indicate that the tourism destination management of Banyu Biru and Ranu Grati when reviewed in terms of competitiveness, still needs a lot of improvement related to the presence of tourism facilities and the quality of employees as service providers. In terms of sustainability, it shows that the synergy between the regional government and tourism stakeholders need to be improved. The need for the establishment of cooperation with third parties in management of tourism destination in Banyu Biru and Ranu Grati, can be used to optimize the carrying capacity and tourist destination marketing system at Banyu Biru and Ranu Grati in order to compete in a competitive and sustainable way Keywords: tourism destination management, competitiveness, sustainability

  9. "Forget to whom you have told this proverb": directed forgetting of destination memory in Alzheimer's disease.

    El Haj, Mohamad; Gandolphe, Marie-Charlotte; Allain, Philippe; Fasotti, Luciano; Antoine, Pascal

    2015-01-01

    Destination memory is the ability to remember the receiver of transmitted information. By means of a destination memory directed forgetting task, we investigated whether participants with Alzheimer's Disease (AD) were able to suppress irrelevant information in destination memory. Twenty-six AD participants and 30 healthy elderly subjects were asked to tell 10 different proverbs to 10 different celebrities (List 1). Afterwards, half of the participants were instructed to forget the destinations (i.e., the celebrities) whereas the other half were asked to keep them in mind. After telling 10 other proverbs to 10 other celebrities (List 2), participants were asked to read numbers aloud. Subsequently, all the participants were asked to remember the destinations of List 1 and List 2, regardless of the forget or remember instructions. The results show similar destination memory in AD participants who were asked to forget the destinations of List 1 and those who were asked to retain them. These findings are attributed to inhibitory deficits, by which AD participants have difficulties to suppress irrelevant information in destination memory. PMID:25918456

  10. Entrepreneurial responses to sustainability: regulatory, normative and cognitive dimensions in emergent and declining destinations

    McCamley, Claire; Canavan, Brendan

    2016-01-01

    This paper examines the characteristics, commonalities and contrasts between emerging and declining tourist destinations from a sustainable development perspective. This paper aims to contribute to current marketing theory relating to the sustainable management of destinations by investigating the influences of the regulatory (government structures), normative (value systems) and cognitive (social knowledge) dimensions on the activities of tourism entrepreneurs. Two regions are chosen as th...

  11. PARTNERSHIP WITH MARKETING CHANNELS FOR PURPOSE OF IMPROVEMENT OF THE TOURISM DESTINATION IMAGE

    Jadranka Dragičević

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents an analysisthat explains theoretical and empirical significancethat marketing channels have in the process ofdestination image formation in contemporarybusiness and the relevance of forming partnershiprelations between the destinations and themarketing channel participants. By introducingmarketing channels into the network of marketingrelations destinations we achieve collaborationwith independent agents that secure necessary levelof purchasing process management and means...

  12. Determinants of consumer intention to go to a tourist destination. The case of

    Sonia San Martín Gutiérrez

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Each tourist destination has a brand the consumer can choose at the moment of travelling. This work analyzes, through a causal model empirically tested for the case of Mundo Maya-México, the paper that reputation, emotions and trust play in the consumer's intention to go to a tourist destination. A theoretical frame is developed using contributions of the signalling theory, emotions theories and relationship marketing. A face-to-face survey was carried out with consumers in travel agencies. Results confirm most of the proposed hypotheses and show interesting results: a reputation of a good management and high awareness of the tourist destination and consumer pleasure and trust in the destination reveal as antecedents of consumer intention to go to a certain tourist destination.

  13. Tourist Satisfaction and Destination Loyalty intention: A Structural and Categorical Analysis

    Guerreiro, M.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This study explores the relationship between travel satisfaction and destination loyalty intention. The research was conducted with 486 tourists visiting Arade, a Portuguese tourist destination. Taking as the basis the use of structural equation modelling (SEM, the results substantiate the importance of tourism satisfaction as a determinant of destination loyalty. Also, a categorical principal components analysis (CATPCA provides a detailed analysis of this cause-effect relationship by establishing that greater levels of satisfaction (measured by overall satisfaction in terms of holiday experience, destination ttributes and met expectations result in increased likelihood of future repeat visits and a keen willingness to recommend the destination to others. Clusters of tourists were also identified and characterized in relation to satisfaction levels and loyalty intentions. These analyses provide a useful background in the planning of future tourist marketing strategies.

  14. CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING THE DESIGN OF SPECIFIC TOURISM PRODUCTS FOR THE TOURISM DESTINATION ROMANIA

    MONICA PAULA RAŢIU

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Romania, as tourism destination with its component micro-destinations (Muntenia, Oltenia, Banat - Crişana, Transylvania, Bucovina, Maramureş, Moldavia and Dobrogea, possesses many tourism attractions and at the same time has a real tourism potential. The fact that it is not included among the Europe’s „valuable” destinations represents a loss both for its inhabitants and for Europeans in general, too. One of the reasons is the lack of an image consolidated by identity elements or / and simply the lack of image that would represent the starting point for development of appropriate tourism products (developing a strategy. This paper proposes, starting from the image perceived by the inhabitants about their own destination – based on the example of Transylvania – to emphasize the importance and also the role of the destination image in developing the main directions of actions and, especially, in developing the strategy for the specific tourism products.

  15. The Role of Marketing Mix Components in Destination Choices of Visitors and the Case of Dalyan

    Özgür ÖZER

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the impact of the eight components of the marketing mix, as being product, price, distribution, promotion, person, partnership, program and package, upon choice of a destination.For this research purpose, data was collected by face-to-face interviews and survey from 260 foreign tourists visiting the region of Dalyan. First, the marketing mix components were classified according to their importance determined by the arithmetic averages. Then, multiple regression analysis was performed to determine whether the marketing mix components had an effect on the destination choice. The analysis found that the variables of ‘product’ and ‘person’ had an effect on the Dalyan destination choice. This result shows that the ’product’ is an influencial factor, as expected, on the choice of the Dalyan destination, within the scope of ecotourism, visited by the tourists. In addition, ‘person’ is also important factor on the destination choice for the Dalyan region.

  16. THE BRAND EQUITY OF TOURISTIC DESTINATIONS - THE MEANING OF THE VALUE

    Silaghi Simona

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In today's global economy, each place competes with other places for economic benefits. Destination has become a product that has to be promoted and sold in the most advantageous terms. The work bellow is an analysis of "brand equity" concept for touristic destinations, as found in the specific literature. Destination brands differ from product brands, major distinction being given by their stability/ instability. Brands of products are stable; this constant is maintained by the use of quality standards. Even in case of services, situation can be controlled, as quality standards could be perpetuated by a franchise system. Destinations are not depending on a single person, who decides, but a variety of them, economic agents, businesses, institutions and local population that can create/print form and structure changes of the destination. The concept de brand equity applied for touristic destinations, is something relatively recent. The dimensions of a brand for touristic destinations are: awareness, image, loyalty, quality and value. All these dimensions build the branding equity of a destination. There is interdependency, between quality, image, loyalty and value. In order to determine the perception in regards to the quality of tourism services in Romania, in 2010 a comprehensive study was done among the inhabitants of Oradea city. Through this study we have pursued several objectives: to assess the importance of service characteristics, performance evaluation of tourism services in Romania, tourism personnel evaluation, in terms of evaluation and performance, perception of the quality-price ratio for Romania, compared with other tourist destinations. We call on the exploratory study conducted, as the value of the dimension- destination of the brand equity is given by the price-quality ratio. Using an explorative study on the market of Oradea city, it was highlighted the connection between perception of touristic services, estimation price

  17. The Evaluation of the Recreation Potential of Dalyan Destination within the Tourism Product Diversification

    Gülay ÖZALTIN TÜRKER

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The different stress sources such as intense working tempo, increasing usage of technology, adverse living conditions, population crowd, noise and environmental pollution, artificial human relationsh ips causes physical and emotional frazzles on humans. At this point people start to turn though the nature as they start to see the recreational activities as a necessity to protect themselves against the physical and emotional frazzles. So the places that host the recreation areas connected to the nature, water, watching and sports should be organized though the availability usage of the locals and tourists at the highest level. In this context, the aim of this study is to identify the recreational potenti al of Dalyan destination. To determine the potential of the recreation area of Dalyan, the method developed by Gülez (1990 in accordance with the conditions of our country that supply the opportunity to analyze the potential of the in forest and outdoor r ecreational potential. In the study, the data taken from the interviews with Koycegiz Governorship, Koycegiz Governorship, Ortaca Municipality, Dalyan Tourism Information Bureau, Koycegiz Forestry Administration, Dalaman Meteorological Department and the s econdary data sources were used. The findings obtained from the analysis, the recreation potential of Dalyan have been identified according to the landscape value, the climate value, accessibility value, recreation conveniences value and negative factors v alue criteria.

  18. Exploration Space Suit Architecture: Destination Environmental-Based Technology Development

    Hill, Terry R.

    2010-01-01

    This paper picks up where EVA Space Suit Architecture: Low Earth Orbit Vs. Moon Vs. Mars (Hill, Johnson, IEEEAC paper #1209) left off in the development of a space suit architecture that is modular in design and interfaces and could be reconfigured to meet the mission or during any given mission depending on the tasks or destination. This paper will walk though the continued development of a space suit system architecture, and how it should evolve to meeting the future exploration EVA needs of the United States space program. In looking forward to future US space exploration and determining how the work performed to date in the CxP and how this would map to a future space suit architecture with maximum re-use of technology and functionality, a series of thought exercises and analysis have provided a strong indication that the CxP space suit architecture is well postured to provide a viable solution for future exploration missions. Through the destination environmental analysis that is presented in this paper, the modular architecture approach provides the lowest mass, lowest mission cost for the protection of the crew given any human mission outside of low Earth orbit. Some of the studies presented here provide a look and validation of the non-environmental design drivers that will become every-increasingly important the further away from Earth humans venture and the longer they are away. Additionally, the analysis demonstrates a logical clustering of design environments that allows a very focused approach to technology prioritization, development and design that will maximize the return on investment independent of any particular program and provide architecture and design solutions for space suit systems in time or ahead of being required for any particular manned flight program in the future. The new approach to space suit design and interface definition the discussion will show how the architecture is very adaptable to programmatic and funding changes with

  19. An empirical survey on perceived value from tourism destination based on brand equity model: A case study of Qeshm Island

    Vahid Qaemi

    2012-01-01

    Tourism destination brand equity is defined as all assets (or debts) of brands provided with name and symbol of tourism destination to make changes in value services of experiences. In many cases, brand equity is more than physical assets. This survey performs an investigation to identify effective factors in tourism destination equity, cause and affects relationships, and proposes a model for perceived value of tourism destination. The proposed study is performed in one of free islands named...

  20. Cosmopolitanism Influence on Destination Image: An Analysis of São Paulo City

    Felipe Nasrallah Bedran

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to find out how cosmopolitanism influences the destination image building. To accomplish this objective we interviewed foreign people, who know São Paulo, a city with national and international importance, due to its structure, economy, size, population and by its intense cultural and business life. This work reviewed cosmopolitanism that is the desire to know other cultures, besides his native one. This leads to an intention to travel through different regions, countries, to deepen in other societies and try to blend into it. Thus, one has particular characteristics, which influence the way one lives and consume products. The destination image can be defined as the sum of beliefs, ideas and impressions that a person has about a destination. To understand how cosmopolitanism influences the destination image, two approaches were used. A qualitative approach used interviews with professionals from SPTuris, as well as personal interviews with foreign tourists at the airport., This data was analyzed using content analysis. The quantitative approach included a survey with 205 foreigners. Data was analyzed using univariate and multivariate statistics, ANOVA and structural equation modeling. The result showed that cosmopolitanism and income influences the affective aspect in the destination image formation. It also showed that the stay purpose influenced the cognitive aspect, and that the length of stay influenced both aspects of the destination image. The research result showed that the cosmopolitanism influences mainly the affective aspect of São Paulo destination image. 

  1. Factors affecting the attractiveness of medical tourism destination: an empirical study on India- review article.

    Seyama Sultana

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In this edge, medical tourism is not a new idea. Medical treatment is one of the essential demands of human beings and it requires high quality and intensive care. Beside western world, few developing countries are playing key roles as medical tourism destinations. India is one of the leading names among these countries. The purpose of the paper is to find the factors influencing the attractiveness of India as a health tourism destination.The study has found the major contributing factors and their relative importance in the attractiveness of the health tourism destination that is India from consumers' perspectives by conducting survey with an application of structural equation modelling approach.In Indian context, medical tourists consider service quality and cost mostly to select any medical destination. In addition they also give value to the destination competitiveness but tourist attitude is less important in comparison with other factors affecting their destination choice. Since the study has used structural equation modelling approach to test the hypothesis and figure out the relative importance of the factors, the fundamental indices such as Normed Chi square(less than 3, RMSEA (less than 0.08 and CFI (more than 0.90 values show the overall model fit of the proposed model.In order to transform a country such as India as an attractive and competitive medical tourist destination in this time of globalization, a step should be taken to control cost ensuring the quality of services.

  2. Destinations without regulations: Informal practices in Romanian rural tourism

    Maria Miruna Rădan-Gorska

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is an ethnographic account of the informal practices I encountered during my fieldwork in three touristic destinations in the Romanian countryside. In these places, as in other parts of rural Romania, over half of the accommodation units are unregistered, making tourism ‘on the black’ [market] widespread. This research is focused on unregistered businesses, as well as on those that aim to be law-abiding, but sometimes engage in informal practices. A typology of informal practices is outlined, dividing them into intended, unintended, and contextual. These categories are illustrated with evidence from interview data and from mass media accounts. Informality is discussed in relation to the legislative framework and to the actions of those authorities responsible with enforcing regulations. Local sense-making strategies are taken into account in explaining informal practices, as well as the wider national and historical contexts. The positive and negative implications of informality are examined and the article concludes by making a number of suggestions that could help to develop more appropriate norms and policies regarding rural guesthouses.

  3. The significance of the tourist destination of Zlatibor spatial planning

    Jovičić Ana

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The territory of Zlatibor is known as a region of exquisite beauty, rich in natural and anthropogenic values, and as such it is a significant tourist destination. The tourism on Zlatibor started developing a long time ago, however, recently there has formed a type of settlement with tourism as its basic function, with no adequate planned development and control, which deviates from the natural and aesthetic environment, disturbing the rare and autochthonous quality of the territory. Zlatibor’s beauty has been disturbed with unplanned construction and the development of tourism which is not sustainable in the long-term. The aim of this paper is to point out to the significance of spatial planning for further development of tourism on this mountain and give suggestions on further development which would neutralise, revitalise and improve the already degraded territory. Only by managing the territory of Zlatibor properly, as a resource for tourism, will its economic, ecologic and aesthetic value increase, which will ensure a long term benefit on a local, regional and national level. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 47007

  4. Madeira—a tourist destination for asthma sufferers

    Camacho, Irene; Grinn-Gofroń, Agnieszka; Camacho, Roberto; Berenguer, Pedro; Sadyś, Magdalena

    2016-05-01

    Madeira Island is a famous tourist destination due to its natural and climatic values. Taking into account optimal weather conditions, flora richness and access to various substrates facilitating fungal growth, we hypothesised a very high risk of elevated fungal spore and pollen grain concentrations in the air of Funchal, the capital of Madeira. Concentration levels of the most allergenic taxa were measured from 2003 to 2009, using a 7-day volumetric air sampler, followed by microscopy analysis. Dependence of bioaerosols on the weather conditions and land use were assessed using spatial and statistical tools. Obtained results were re-visited by a comparison with hospital admission data recorded at the Dr. Nélio Mendonça Hospital in Funchal. Our results showed that despite propitious climatic conditions, overall pollen grain and fungal spore concentrations in the air were very low and did not exceed any clinically established threshold values. Pollen and spore peak concentrations also did not match with asthma outbreaks in the winter. Identification of places that are "free" from biological air pollution over the summer, such as Madeira Island, is very important from the allergic point of view.

  5. Study on Foreigners' Perception on Romania's Image as Tourism Destination

    Ruxandra Irina POPESCU

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Romania’s image worldwide is a major priority for our public authorities. The aim of this study is to identify foreigners’ perception on Romania’s image as tourism destination departing from three research hypothesis: foreigners’ perception on Romania’s image as a result of Romanians behavior inside and outside the country’s borders, foreign visitors’ perception on tourism services and level of knowledge of Romania’s tourism brand across the borders. The research gathered the opinions of 1.150 foreigners from 10 countries using a questionnaire that integrated variables corresponding to the research questions. The survey was carried out in 11 representative places for foreign tourists’ visits, as well as on the internet, using the Wayn.com website, which allowed the selection of foreign citizens that have visited Romania at least once. The research is relevant not only from the perspective of its direct results regarding foreigners’ perception on Romania’s tourism brand, but might as well be seen as an instrument for analyzing the preliminary results of the campaign ‘Romania, explore the Carpathian garden’, that started in 2010 and is still in progress.

  6. Branding Sicily as Gastronomically Attractive Destination, viewed by Kempinski Hotel Giardino di Costanza

    Kalinina, Anastasia

    2013-01-01

    The object of the study was to investigate the opportunity of destination brand-ing through the tool of its gastronomy. In order to render concrete to the topic I chose a popular destination – Sicily and Sicilian gastronomy. It is a fact that the theme of gastronomic direction in tourism and the role of gastronomy in des-tination branding is not developed at all. Besides, personally I have been always attracted by gastronomic experiences in tourism. So it was a challenge for my-self to explor...

  7. Considerations Regarding the Design of Specific Tourism Products for the Tourism Destination Romania

    MONICA PAULA RAŢIU; AURELIA-FELICIA STĂNCIOIU; ANCA - DANIELA VLĂDOI; NICOLAE TEODORESCU

    2011-01-01

    Romania, as tourism destination with its component micro-destinations (Muntenia, Oltenia, Banat - Crişana, Transylvania, Bucovina, Maramureş, Moldavia and Dobrogea), possesses many tourism attractions and at the same time has a real tourism potential. The fact that it is not included among the Europe’s „valuable” destinations represents a loss both for its inhabitants and for Europeans in general, too. One of the reasons is the lack of an image consolidated by identity elements or / and simpl...

  8. NASA's Space Launch System: One Vehicle, Many Destinations

    May, Todd A.; Creech, Stephen D.

    2013-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA's) Space Launch System (SLS) Program, managed at the Marshall Space Flight Center, is making progress toward delivering a new capability for exploration beyond Earth orbit. Developed with the goals of safety, affordability, and sustainability in mind, the SLS rocket will start its missions in 2017 with 10 percent more thrust than the Saturn V rocket that launched astronauts to the Moon 40 years ago. From there it will evolve into the most powerful launch vehicle ever flown, via an upgrade approach that will provide building blocks for future space exploration and development. The International Space Exploration Coordination Group, representing 12 of the world's space agencies, has created the Global Exploration Roadmap, which outlines paths toward a human landing on Mars, beginning with capability-demonstrating missions to the Moon or an asteroid. The Roadmap and corresponding NASA research outline the requirements for reference missions for all three destinations. This paper will explore the capability of SLS to meet those requirements and enable those missions. It will explain how the SLS Program is executing this development within flat budgetary guidelines by using existing engines assets and developing advanced technology based on heritage systems, from the initial 70 metric ton (t) lift capability through a block upgrade approach to an evolved 130-t capability. It will also detail the significant progress that has already been made toward its first launch in 2017. The SLS will offer a robust way to transport international crews and the air, water, food, and equipment they will need for extended trips to explore new frontiers. In addition, this paper will summarize the SLS rocket's capability to support science and robotic precursor missions to other worlds, or uniquely high-mass space facilities in Earth orbit. As this paper will explain, the SLS is making measurable progress toward becoming a global

  9. WEBSITES AS A PROMOTING TOOL FOR THE IDENTITY OF TOURISTIC DESTINATIONS

    Francisco Vicente Sales Melo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Since its advent, the Internet has become an important tool for tourism. Furthermore, some studies tend to indicate that this may contribute directly to the process of identity formation of a tourism destination. Thus, this paper investigates how websites can help in promoting the identity of tourist destinations on the Internet. The study is characterized as exploratory qualitative in nature, which is constituted from a desk research. It was possible to verify that the website is a key means for managing the identity of a tourist destination, as this can help visitors to form a positive image of the place being visited from the information that makes up the identity of the destination.

  10. Google it! Using the Google Trends tool to understand the Algarve Tourist destination public interest

    G. Dinis

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In a sector strongly dependent on information as is the case of tourism, the timely knowledge of consumer behaviour enables making well-considered decisions and less uncertainty. Nowadays, the act of searching on the Internet about a particular subject before decision-making is part of the individuals’ daily lives. The Google Trends tool provides real time aggregated data on the online individuals’ interest based on the carried out search queries on Google. The objective of this paper is to show that Google Trends can provide comparative information about the individuals’ interest in relation to Portugal tourism regional areas and in particular, on the tourist destination "Algarve", and also between its competing tourist destinations. The results show that the tool can contribute to the knowledge of the individuals’ interests in relation to regional tourist destinations, information considered of great interest for Destination Management Organizations.

  11. Personal values, subjective well-being and destination-loyalty intention of international students.

    Jamaludin, N L; Sam, D L; Sandal, G M; Adam, A A

    2016-01-01

    What are the factors that predict international students' destination-loyalty intention? This is the main question this paper addresses, using an online survey among 396 (short-term, N = 182) and (long-term, N = 214) international students at a Norwegian university. Structural equation model-AMOS was conducted to examine relationships among personal values, subjective well-being and destination-loyalty intentions. The results showed that: (1) universalism was positively related to subjective well-being for short-term students; and (2) subjective well-being was positively related to destination-loyalty intention for all groups. We found that relatively stable and happy individuals might be important for ensuring destination-loyalty intentions. Results also indicated that personal values that emphasize justice and equity are also important for short-term international students' well-being. PMID:27375989

  12. Developing marketing strategies for tourism destinations in peripheral areas of Europe: the case of Bornholm

    Hartl, Ann

    all of the components of the marketing mix, but they can cooperate with the providers of the destination mix and incite coopetition for the benefit of visitors. The case study portrays the DMO at a mature cold-water resort in a European peripheral area; it also illustrates the general development of......This thesis concentrates on the subject of destination marketing with a specific focus on the process of developing strategies through a Destination Marketing Organisation (DMO) for a peripheral area, illustrated by a case study from the Danish island of Bornholm. It investigates the theoretical...... foundations for destination marketing, concluding that there should be a shift in focus from general marketing theory to a broader application of organisational theories and associated fields, enabling the DMO to improve performance. The specific conditions for and structures of peripheral areas indicate that...

  13. The Image of Vietnam as a Tourism Destination for Malaysian Tourists

    Dang Hong Loi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study is to finding the images of Vietnam tourism destination perceived by Malaysian tourists. The study based on replies to 599 questionnaires and the secondary data. The Structure Equation Modelling was employed to identify the relationship among the variables. The result of Confirmation Factor Analysis (CFA shows the beneficiary images of Vietnam including of “interesting history and rich culture” “delicious cuisines and friendliness”. The negative images in Vietnam consists of poor transportation, poor infrastructure and cleanliness problems that challenges to tourism Vietnam destination. The study may be interesting to destination marketers, Vietnam Government and Travel Companies, especially for those developing destinations which intend to differentiate themselves from others country.

  14. 48 CFR 52.247-42 - C.i.f. Destination.

    2010-10-01

    ... vessel to the specified point of destination, with the cost of transportation and marine insurance paid... insurance policy or certificate providing the amount and extent of marine insurance coverage specified...

  15. Medical Tourism Destination SWOT Analysis: A Case Study of Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore and India

    Wong Kee Mun

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The growth of global medical tourism in the recent years had spurred the interest of many governments to join in the bandwagon, particularly from Asia. Using the SWOT analytical model, this paper provides pertinent comparative analysis of the medical tourism destinations here being Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore and India. Each destination possesses its own value propositions to convince the demands of medical tourists. Malaysia and Thailand have a good mixture of elements (medical, tourism and wellness to be an excellent medical tourism destination while Singapore and India need further development in some of these elements. Meeting or exceeding the medical tourists’ expectations and requirements are the priority of medical tourism destination marketers in ensuring a successful medical tourism industry development.

  16. The Scale of Exploration: Planetary Missions Set in the Context of Tourist Destinations on Earth

    Garry, W. B.; Bleacher, L. V.; Bleacher, J. E.; Petro, N. E.; Mest, S. C.; Williams, S. H.

    2012-03-01

    What if the Apollo astronauts explored Washington, DC, or the Mars Exploration Rovers explored Disney World? We present educational versions of the traverse maps for Apollo and MER missions set in the context of popular tourist destinations on Earth.

  17. Events as a Framework for Tourist Destination Branding – Case Studies of Two Cultural Events in Croatia

    Klara Trošt

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Events have become an increasingly significant component of destination branding. Many destinations throughout the world have developed events portfolios as a strategic initiative to attract tourists and to reinforce their brand. In this paper, the focus of research will be on tourist destination branding by means of events. The relationship between events and destination branding is examined through six phases of the process of building a destination brand identity with the use of events. When it comes to destination branding, a need for an analysis of strategic documents of destination development imposes because event tourism strategies help destinations plan how to use events in a tourism role. The purpose of this study is to examine which factors are of the top priorities when using events as a marketing approach. The method of case study will be used, by which two cultural events which take place in the Republic of Croatia will be analyzed, namely, “Špancirfest” in Varaždin and “Trka na prstenac” in Barban. Varaždin and Barban are on different levels in their branding work. The different sizes and locations of the destinations naturally affect the operating procedures. This article may be of interest to destination marketers and event organizers, especially in developing destinations which intend to differentiate themselves from the competitive market.

  18. THE BRAND IMAGE OF A SMALL ISLAND DESTINATION: THE CASE OF MAURITIUS

    Perunjodi Naidoo; Prabha Ramseook-Munhurrun

    2012-01-01

    It is acknowledged that brand image has an impact on the behavior of individuals. It influences the tourists’ pre-purchase decision-making behavior where destinations with stronger images are more likely to be selected. Brand image also influences post-purchase decision-making including evaluation and future behavioral intentions. Furthermore, brand image is also essential for the destination to ensure a strong positioning in the competitive business environment. Despite the growing body of...

  19. Destination Marketing through a Utility Business Model: The Case of Cyprus

    Machlouzarides, Haris

    2009-01-01

    Traditional business models that used to govern the operations of travel and tourism businesses defined in a rigid way their functional areas and the relationships among them. The advent of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) has driven the transformation of these business models into novel destination marketing models. The Cyprus Tourism Organisation (CTO) recognising the need of establishing an explicit model for managing the process of destination marketing has developed an in...

  20. Detection of Botnet Command and Control Traffic by the Multistage Trust Evaluation of Destination Identifiers

    Pieter Burghouwt; Marcel E.M. Spruit; Sips, Henk J.

    2015-01-01

    Network-based detection of botnet Command and Control communication is a difficult task if the traffic has a relatively low volume and if popular protocols, such as HTTP, are used to resemble normal traffic. We present a new network-based detection approach that is capable of detecting this type of Command and Control traffic in an enterprise network by estimating the trustworthiness of the traffic destinations. If the destination identifier of a traffic flow origins directly from: human inpu...

  1. Destination India: Investigating the impact of Goa's attributes on families' leisure travel experience

    Ekiz, Erdogan H.; Khoo-Lattimore, Catheryn

    2014-01-01

    The recent discourse of tourism development among officials within the Government of India has included the state of Goa, mainly because it has consistently witnessed positive economic impacts from tourism. However, in view of competition from other destinations, Goan tourism planners will need to identify important attributes of Goa that will positively affect tourists' destination loyalty. This study examines the correlation between five attributes of Goa and tourists' loyalty to Goa. Famil...

  2. A STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODEL: GREECE’S TOURISM DEMAND FOR TOURIST DESTINATION

    Chaitip, Prasert; Chaiboonsri, Chukiat; Kovacs, Sandor; Balogh, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Structural equation model (LISREL 8) was applied to test the causal relationships between tourist travel motivations and tourist destination. A survey containing Likert scale questions was conducted to collect data from 100 tourists who had travelled to Greece’s tourist destination. With the help of factor analysis, four dimensions were identified for scales used in the study: travel cost satisfaction, tourism product, tourism product attributes, and tourism product management. Results indi...

  3. Stakeholder Involvement in Tourism Destination Development: A Case of Dunga Beach and Wetland, Kisumu County, Kenya

    Joshua Otieno Wanga; Patrick Odhiambo Hayombe; Stephen Gaya Agong; Lena M Mossberg

    2014-01-01

    Abstract In Kenya, Tourism is the second largest source of foreign exchange revenue following agriculture; it however, faces numerous challenges sustainability due the complex nature of tourism destinations. Tourism destinations are complex and dynamic systems that involve various stakeholders each with different understanding of same tourism system. These different perceptions can be tapped to develop a common tourism model that helps achieve the overall sustainable tourism development ob...

  4. Tourist Perceptions and Motivations as Inspiration for Destination Marketing Case: Finland & Helsinki

    Partanen, Janna

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this Bachelor’s Thesis was to identify and examine efforts used in marketing Finland and Helsinki as tourism destinations. This thesis explored the perceptions travelling individuals have of Finland and Helsinki and reviewed travel motivations and preferences as well as travel research customs. The aim was to derive concepts that may be utilised in strengthening currently adopted destination marketing themes and procedures. These were based on the most common perceptions, prefe...

  5. The Role of Knowledge for the Positioning of a Destination to Culturally Different Markets

    KORZAY, Meral; Maria D. Alvarez

    2007-01-01

    Destinations are faced today with the challenge of having to position themselves in an increasingly mompetitive environment to poten tial tourists from different cultures. In this regard, knowledge management is an important tool for the development of destinations. Organizations need to obtain information that can be used to distinguish between different tourists, and to use this knowledge to establish strategies to access these diverse markets. The present study aims at illustrating how inf...

  6. IMPROVING THE TOURIST DESTINATION IMAGE WITH INTANGIBLE CULTURAL HERITAGE: MONTENEGRO AS A CASE STUDY

    Andriela Vitiæ-Æetkoviæ, Bojan Krstic, Ivona Jovanoviæ

    2015-01-01

    As contemporary tourism moves increasingly towards adopting an experience economy, tourist experience based on intangible cultural heritage is becoming the important element of destination image, as a set of consumer perceptions about the destination. Sustainable tourist valorization of intangible cultural heritage may be particularly important for image of countries like Montenegro, with limited resources, including natural resources, capital and population of 620029 inhabitants (Monstat, 20...

  7. Quantitative analysis of image factors in a cultural heritage tourist destination

    Bové-Sans, Miquel-Àngel; Laguado Ramírez, Raquel Irene

    2012-01-01

    The tourism consumer’s purchase decision process is, to a great extent, conditioned by the image the tourist has of the different destinations that make up his or her choice set. In a highly competitive international tourist market, those responsible for destinations’ promotion and development policies seek differentiation strategies so that they may position the destinations in the most suitable market segments for their product in order to improve their attractiveness to visitors and increa...

  8. The role of local government in planning of sustainable tourism of coastal destination

    Draženka Birkic; Ida Cubelic Pilija; Jelena Kljaic Šebrek

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to support the hypothesis The local government insufficiently uses strong mechanisms of influence in creation and implementation of sustainable development concept in the coastal destinations. Design – The special focus in this paper is given to the role and the responsibility of the local government and key stakeholders in the coastal destinations, since the local government is considered to be the most responsible for the coordination of tourism develo...

  9. Analysis of a Tourism Destination as Ground for Brand Building Strategies : Rwanda Volcanoes National Park

    Ntaganda, John

    2012-01-01

    This research is carried out with the aim of analyzing a tourism destination as a first step in building a long-term brand strategy. The destination, Rwanda Volcanoes National Park (VNP) is a touristic region, with focus on inbound nature tourism. The Rwandan National Development Strategy outlines inbound tourism to be developed and the level of services designed to high quality. The objective of this bachelor research is to contribute to the first step in designing a branding str...

  10. Globalization-Quality: Inseparable Binomial in the Landscape of the Rural Touristic Destinations

    Mirela Mazilu

    2008-01-01

    Globalization, the proliferation of new destination, the new technologies has changed the competitive environment of the European countries. Nowadays, the most powerful instrument in the touristic promotion is represented by the image of a country or region or a touristic product. If we concentrate upon the international dimension, the strategies of image construction or touristic promotion are: the creation of new touristic images, the re-positioning of a traditional touristic destination, t...

  11. Constraint Programming Formulation for the Elevator Trip Origin-Destination Matrix Estimation Problem

    Kuusinen, Juha-Matti; Malapert, Arnaud

    2014-01-01

    We present a constraint programming formulation for the elevator trip origin-destination matrix estimation problem, and propose different approaches to solve the problem. An elevator trip consists of successive stops in one direction of travel with passengers inside the elevator. It can be defined as a directed network, where the nodes correspond to the stops on the trip, and the arcs to the possible origins and destinations of the passengers boarding and alighting at the stops. The goal is t...

  12. SWOT Analysis in the Formulation of Tourism Development Strategies for Destinations

    Goranczewski, Bolesław; Puciato, Daniel

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the paper is to identify the role of SWOT analysis in the formulation of tourism development strategies for destinations. SWOT analysis helps to establish a reliable diagnosis of the internal potential shown by a tourism destination and its environment. In the Polish economic situation, SWOT analysis is frequently used in a fragmentary manner which should be considered as a serious methodological oversight and may jeopardize the value of the entire process related to the strategic ...

  13. Does Ignoring Multi-Destination Trips in the Travel Cost Method Cause a Systematic Downward Bias?

    Kuosmanen, T.K.; Nillesen, E.E.M.; Wesseler, J.H.H.

    2003-01-01

    In theory, treating the multi-destination trips (MDTs) as single-destination trips (SDT) does not necessarily lead to biased results, because negative effect of price increase may be offset by the shift of the estimated demand curve. However, in our empirical application of the TCM zonal model to the valuation of the economic benefits of the Bellenden Kerr National Park in Australia we find (statistically significant) evidence that ignoring the MDTs leads to a dramatic overestimation of the c...

  14. Understanding the Relationships among Destination Social Responsibility, Resident Benefits, Trust and Support for Tourism Development

    Beiling Ma; Lujun Su; Yajun Ding; Xiaoqing Hu

    2013-01-01

    Based on the stakeholder theory, the cognitive-emotional-behavioral theory and the social exchange theory, this study constructs an effect mechanism model of destination social responsibility on resident support for tourism development which takes resident benefits and trust as mediators. Through surveying the residents of the ancient Fenghuang City of Hunan, a famous ancient destination in China, to get the basic data, the Structural Equation Model (SEM) method is adopted to conduct an empir...

  15. A Virtual World Model to Enhance Tourism Destination Accessibility in Developing Countries

    Sambhanthan, A.; Good, Alice

    2013-01-01

    The problem of destination accessibility is a vital concern in the sustainable tourism development in the emerging regions due to the increasing numbers of tourism business growth in the recent times. Tourism is one of the potential foreign exchange earning sectors, which place sustainability as one of the main success metrics for benchmarking the industry’s overall development. On the other hand, there are several destinations, which are inaccessible to tourists due to several reasons. Under...

  16. Residential Segregation in Metropolitan Established Immigrant Gateways and New Destinations, 1990–2000*

    Park, Julie; Iceland, John

    2011-01-01

    In the 1990s, many immigrants bypassed established gateways like Los Angeles, New York, Chicago, and Miami to create new immigrant destinations across the U.S. In this paper, we examine how segregation and spatial assimilation might differ between established gateways and new destinations among the 150 largest metropolitan areas. Using data from the 1990 and 2000 censuses, we calculate levels of dissimilarity for Hispanics and Asians by nativity for these two gateway types. Our findings show ...

  17. Personal values, subjective well-being and destination-loyalty intention of international students

    Jamaludin, N. L.; Sam, D. L.; Sandal, G. M.; Adam, A. A.

    2016-01-01

    What are the factors that predict international students’ destination-loyalty intention? This is the main question this paper addresses, using an online survey among 396 (short-term, N = 182) and (long-term, N = 214) international students at a Norwegian university. Structural equation model-AMOS was conducted to examine relationships among personal values, subjective well-being and destination-loyalty intentions. The results showed that: (1) universalism was positively related to subjective ...

  18. Man-Made Wildlife Tourism Destination: The Visitors Perspective on Lok Kawi Wildlife Park, Sabah, Malaysia

    Boyd Sun Fatt; Johnny Cindy; Bakansing Shirley M.

    2014-01-01

    Sabah is blessed with natural forest habitats and rich with floras and faunas. Amongst its’ attraction is wildlife endemism. Lok Kawi Wildlife Park was established to provide an alternative wildlife tourism destination with its inhabitants from the wildlife species of Borneo. Since its opening in 2007, multitudes of tourists have visited the park. However, there has been no study to identify the visitor’s perspective on Lok Kawi Wildlife Park as man-made wildlife tourism destination. The stud...

  19. PESTEL analysis of tourism destinations in the perspective of business tourism (MICE)

    Marina Gregorić

    2014-01-01

    Purpose of this research is to apply PESTEL analysis on two different destinations (Croatia and Qatar) in order to find our their specific attributes as well as to analyse weather we can learn from their advantages and disadvantages due to the fact that one is rich on natural attractions while other one is mostly characterised by humand made attractions. Design is done by using the core of PESTEL analysis where each destination is analysed according to political, economical, socio-cultural, t...

  20. Moderating impact of tourism relationship management dimensions on tourism service quality, tourist satisfaction and destination loyalty

    Arup Kumar Baksi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This study attempts to assess the moderating impact of recently introduced tourist relationship management (TRM framework on service quality perception-tourist satisfaction-destination loyalty link. Tourist relationship management framework draws inspiration from customer relationship management (CRM model with validated addition of dimensions compatible to tourism dynamics. The study, carried out in Santiniketan, India, confirmed moderating impact of dimensional performance of tourist relationship management on perceived tourism service quality-tourist satisfaction-destination loyalty link.

  1. Foreign tour operators and travel agents knowledge of a potential tourism destination

    Mulec, Ivo; Wise, Nicholas

    2013-01-01

    Vojvodina is an autonomous region of Serbia, and has the potential to become a successful tourism destination. Twenty years of changes have elapsed since the disintegration of Yugoslavia, and destination planners in Vojvodina are now looking to accommodate visitors and generate service related jobs. The method for collecting data was through survey responses from those in the travel industry. The objective for conducting this research is to analyze the knowledge and awareness of the developin...

  2. Destination image and crime in Mexico: An analysis of foreign government travel advice

    J. Carlos Monterrubio

    2013-01-01

    Destination image has been recognised as an influential component of travel decision processes. Although organic sources of information play an important role in shaping destination image, researchers have often ignored the types of sources and the information they deliver. In particular, official websites where government travel advice is given, especially in relation to crime, have been widely excluded from scholarly research. This paper analyses the relationship between crime-related trave...

  3. Egypt's Image as a Tourist Destination: A Perspective of Foreign Tourists

    Ghada Abdalla, Mohamed

    2007-01-01

    The influence of tourism image on consumer behaviour was studied by many researches. Others have pointed out the effect of tourism image on quality perceived by tourists and on the satisfaction of them. This study was conducted with the purpose of studying the relationship between the image of a destination and tourist's behavioural intentions, and between that same image and the post-purchase evaluation of the quality of the whole destination and the tour. This study also examined the relati...

  4. Web-based Expert Decision Support System for Tourism Destination Management in Nigeria

    Yekini Nureni Asafe; Adetoba Bolaji; Aigbokhan Edwin Enaholo; Olufemi Olubukola

    2013-01-01

    The use of Information Technologies have played and currently playing prominent roles in many organizations, such as business, education, commerce. The tourism industry has witnessed the use and application of various computer-based systems in carrying out one or more activities or operation. But currently there is no computer-based system tourist destination to integrate the tourists (from outside Nigeria) and tourists center within Nigeria, so that tourists can make a pre destination plan a...

  5. The Effects of Brand Awareness of Tourists on Choosing the Tourism Destination

    MU Zeliang

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to explore the effects that tourist chose the tourism destination basic on brand awareness and the effects benefit both tourists and brand tourism destination of operators. Basic on the definitions of tourists' brand awareness and etc., this study is talking about how brand recognition and brand recall impact on the choices tourists made by developing the testing table to measure the effects, collecting data through questionnaire survey, and applying Pearson's ...

  6. Medical Tourism Destination SWOT Analysis: A Case Study of Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore and India

    Wong Kee Mun; Velasamy Peramarajan; Tengku Arshad Tengku Nuraina

    2014-01-01

    The growth of global medical tourism in the recent years had spurred the interest of many governments to join in the bandwagon, particularly from Asia. Using the SWOT analytical model, this paper provides pertinent comparative analysis of the medical tourism destinations here being Malaysia, Thailand, Singapore and India. Each destination possesses its own value propositions to convince the demands of medical tourists. Malaysia and Thailand have a good mixture of elements (medical, tourism an...

  7. Factors and Competitiveness of Malaysia as a Tourist Destination: A Study of Outbound Middle East Tourists

    Ali Salman; Mohd Safar Hasim

    2012-01-01

    International tourism has become one of the largest and most vital economic sectors of the global economy driving huge flows of people, commodities, and capital. Tourism has been and continues to be an important foreign exchange earner to many countries in South East Asia and Malaysia is no exception. The aim of this article is to trace the factors for visiting Malaysia, image of Malaysia as a tourism destination and competitiveness of Malaysia as a tourism destination among outbound Middle E...

  8. WEBSITES AS A PROMOTING TOOL FOR THE IDENTITY OF TOURISTIC DESTINATIONS

    Francisco Vicente Sales Melo

    2013-01-01

    Since its advent, the Internet has become an important tool for tourism. Furthermore, some studies tend to indicate that this may contribute directly to the process of identity formation of a tourism destination. Thus, this paper investigates how websites can help in promoting the identity of tourist destinations on the Internet. The study is characterized as exploratory qualitative in nature, which is constituted from a desk research. It was possible to verify that the website is a key means...

  9. Designing Promotion Strategy of Malang Raya’s Tourism Destination Branding through Audio Visual Media

    Chanira Nuansa; Suryadi Suryadi; Darsono Wisadirana

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the suitability concept of destination branding with existing models of Malang tourism promotion. This research is qualitative by taking the data directly in the form of existing promotional models of Malang, namely: information portal sites, blogs, social networking, and video via the Internet. This study used SWOT analysis to find strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats on existing models of the tourism promotion. The data is analyzed based on destination brand...

  10. Exploration Space Suit Architecture and Destination Environmental-Based Technology Development

    Hill, Terry R.; McFarland, Shane M.; Korona, F. Adam

    2013-01-01

    This paper continues forward where EVA Space Suit Architecture: Low Earth Orbit Vs. Moon Vs. Mars left off in the development of a space suit architecture that is modular in design and could be reconfigured prior to launch or during any given mission depending on the tasks or destination. This space suit system architecture and technologies required based on human exploration (EVA) destinations will be discussed, and how these systems should evolve to meet the future exploration EVA needs of the US human space flight program. A series of exercises and analyses provided a strong indication that the Constellation Program space suit architecture, with its maximum reuse of technology and functionality across a range of mission profiles and destinations, is postured to provide a viable solution for future space exploration missions. The destination environmental analysis demonstrates that the modular architecture approach could provide the lowest mass and mission cost for the protection of the crew, given any human mission outside of low-Earth orbit. Additionally, some of the high-level trades presented here provide a review of the environmental and nonenvironmental design drivers that will become increasingly important as humans venture farther from Earth. The presentation of destination environmental data demonstrates a logical clustering of destination design environments that allows a focused approach to technology prioritization, development, and design that will maximize the return on investment, largely independent of any particular design reference mission.

  11. DESTINATION BRANDING AIMED AT INTERNATIONAL AFFIRMATION OF TOURISTIC POTENTIALS OF BiH

    Branko Rakita

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper is to explain how application of marketing and branding principles contributes to effective management of destinations under conditions of globalization. The paper emphasizes the importance of understanding of tourists’ behavior model, with special focus on importance of destination image in process of decision making on destination choice. Case of the city of Rovinj was presented as good practice example in development of destination brand. In order to get the answer to the question where BiH is located in comparison to other countries of the Western Balkans in regard to the most important tourism indicators, findings of relevant research of the World Tourism Organization and the World Economic Forum were presented. In the last part of the paper, some of the shortcomings that usually arise in the process of destination management in BiH were presented, with recommendations how they can be overcome in accordance with the principles of destination marketing and branding, in order to better utilize tourism potentials in BiH.

  12. THE QUALITY OF THE TOURIST DESTINATIONS A KEY FACTOR FOR INCREASING THEIR ATTRACTIVENESS

    Daliborka Blazeska

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Taking into consideration that the tourism is extremely important for any country including Republic of Macedonia, it is necessary to pay attention to the quality of the tourist destinations and increasing of their attractiveness. So winners in the field of tourism will be those countries that have attractive tourist destination that will attract a lot of visitors. In this paper is defined the relationship between the factors of attractiveness of the destination and the achieving of competitiveness. In order to become competitive in the global market, the tourist destination has to be innovative and to continually search for new competitive advantages. Those kind of competitive advantages enable stable and long-term sustainable development of the tourist destination. In this paper special emphasis is put to the monitoring of the quality of the tourist destination with constant inquiries of the tourists (domestic and foreign regarding the most important segments of the quality of the tourist product which they are using, in order to perceive the satisfaction or the eventual dissatisfaction in order to be taken concrete strategies for the following period. The obtained results clearly confirm the dissatisfaction with the road infrastructure and signalization, the price of the services and the conditions for the stay, as well as the additional attractions that were expected to get.

  13. Interactions of individual perceived barriers and neighbourhood destinations with obesity-related behaviours in Europe.

    Mackenbach, J D; Lakerveld, J; Van Lenthe, F J; Teixeira, P J; Compernolle, S; De Bourdeaudhuij, I; Charreire, H; Oppert, J-M; Bárdos, H; Glonti, K; Rutter, H; McKee, M; Nijpels, G; Brug, J

    2016-01-01

    Perceived barriers towards physical activity and healthy eating as well as local availability of opportunities (destinations in the neighbourhood) are important determinants of obesity-related behaviours in adults. Little is known, however, about how these factors interact with the behaviours. Data were analysed from 5,205 participants of the SPOTLIGHT survey, conducted in 60 neighbourhoods in urban regions of five different countries across Europe. A virtual audit was conducted to collect data on the presence of destinations in each neighbourhood. Direct associations of, and interactions between, the number of individual perceived barriers and presence of destinations with obesity-related behaviours (physical activity and dietary behaviours) were analysed using multilevel regression analyses, adjusted for key covariates. Perceiving more individual barriers towards physical activity and healthy eating was associated with lower odds of physical activity and healthy eating. The presence of destinations such as bicycle lanes, parks and supermarkets was associated with higher levels of physical activity and healthier dietary behaviours. Analyses of additive interaction terms suggested that the interaction of destinations and barriers was competitive, such that the presence of destinations influenced obesity-related behaviours most among those perceiving more barriers. These explorative findings emphasize the interest and importance of combining objective (e.g. virtual neighbourhood audit) methods and subjective (e.g. individual perceived barriers collected in a survey) to better understand how the characteristics of the residential built environment can shape obesity-related behaviours depending on individual characteristics. © 2015 World Obesity. PMID:26879115

  14. 旅游目的地品牌研究%Destination Brand Research

    任宁宁

    2011-01-01

    旅游目的地营销经历了旅游地形象、旅游宣传口号之后,迎来了旅游目的地品牌竞争时代,构建旅游目的地品牌已经成为一种必然趋势。通过在前人研究基础上对旅游目的地品牌做进一步研究,探究了旅游目的地品牌内涵及自身发展规律,对旅游地品牌有进一步的认识,更好的促进旅游地可持续发展。%Tourism destination marketing through the tourist image,tourism promotion slogan,ushered in the era of tourism destination brand competition.Tourism destination brand building has become an inevitable trend.In this paper,based on the previous research on tourism destination brand to do further research,the author explore the meaning of tourism destination brand and its own law of development.Then on a more in-depth understanding of the destination Brand,better promotion of tourism to sustainable development.

  15. Comparing Destination Image and Loyalty between First-time and Repeat-visit Tourists

    Mohamad M.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to investigate the difference between destination image and loyalty among first-time and repeat-visit tourists. The study was undertaken to examine aspects of underlying factors of destination image that influenced tourists’ willingness to recommend Malaysia to their friends and relatives as well as spread positive word-of-mouth to others. In addition, it was to ascertain the relationship between destination image and loyalty among first-time and repeat-visit tourists. The data was collected at Kuala Lumpur International Airport at the departure hall using self-administered questionnaires. 248 usable questionnaires were returned and analysed. The findings of the study revealed that both groups of tourists perceived Malaysia as providing a nature-based destination. The study also empirically proved that both first-time and repeat-visit tourists were willing to disseminate positive word-of-mouth and recommend Malaysia to their friends and relatives as a vacation destination to visit. However, there was a significant difference in destination loyalty between first-visit and repeat-visit tourists.

  16. The Possible Impact of Hosting a Cultural Event on Destination Image: A case study -- Liverpool as a host city for 2008 European Capital of Culture

    Wu, Zhiyong

    2007-01-01

    Destination image is commonly accepted as an important aspect in successful tourism development and destination marketing. Faced with growing global competition in which destinations are becoming highly substitutable, destination marketing organizations are in a constant battle to attract travellers (Pike and Ryan, 2004). Among different strategies, employing events has been seen as a successful way to strengthen, enhance or change a destination image. In the previous studies on destinati...

  17. ALS Association

    ... toward a world without ALS! Walk to Defeat ALS® Walk to Defeat ALS® draws people of all ... We need your help. I Will Advocate National ALS Registry The National ALS Registry is a congressionally ...

  18. Using kernel density estimation to understand the influence of neighbourhood destinations on BMI

    King, Tania L; Bentley, Rebecca J; Thornton, Lukar E; Kavanagh, Anne M

    2016-01-01

    Objectives Little is known about how the distribution of destinations in the local neighbourhood is related to body mass index (BMI). Kernel density estimation (KDE) is a spatial analysis technique that accounts for the location of features relative to each other. Using KDE, this study investigated whether individuals living near destinations (shops and service facilities) that are more intensely distributed rather than dispersed, have lower BMIs. Study design and setting A cross-sectional study of 2349 residents of 50 urban areas in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. Methods Destinations were geocoded, and kernel density estimates of destination intensity were created using kernels of 400, 800 and 1200 m. Using multilevel linear regression, the association between destination intensity (classified in quintiles Q1(least)–Q5(most)) and BMI was estimated in models that adjusted for the following confounders: age, sex, country of birth, education, dominant household occupation, household type, disability/injury and area disadvantage. Separate models included a physical activity variable. Results For kernels of 800 and 1200 m, there was an inverse relationship between BMI and more intensely distributed destinations (compared to areas with least destination intensity). Effects were significant at 1200 m: Q4, β −0.86, 95% CI −1.58 to −0.13, p=0.022; Q5, β −1.03 95% CI −1.65 to −0.41, p=0.001. Inclusion of physical activity in the models attenuated effects, although effects remained marginally significant for Q5 at 1200 m: β −0.77 95% CI −1.52, −0.02, p=0.045. Conclusions This study conducted within urban Melbourne, Australia, found that participants living in areas of greater destination intensity within 1200 m of home had lower BMIs. Effects were partly explained by physical activity. The results suggest that increasing the intensity of destination distribution could reduce BMI levels by encouraging higher levels of physical activity

  19. Biham-Middleton-Levine Traffic Model With Origin-Destination Trips

    Moussa, N

    2006-01-01

    We extended the Biham-Middleton-Levine model to incorporate the origin and destination effect of drivers trips on the traffic in cities. The destination sites are randomly chosen from some origin-destination distances probability distribution "ODDPD". We use three different distributions: exponential, uniform and power-law. We consider two variants of the model. In conserved particles model (Model A), drivers continue their travelling even if they reached their destinations. In non-conserved particles model (Model B), a driver which reaches its destination disappears with rate $\\beta$. It is found that the traffic dynamics in model A and the evacuation processes in model B are greatly influenced by the ODDPD. On one hand, we found that we can adjust the ODDPD to enhance the road capacity of the city and to minimize the arrival times of drivers in particles conserved system and to optimize the evacuation time of drivers in non-conserved case. On the other hand, we find that, independently on the ODDPD, the eva...

  20. PROBLEMS OF AN IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PEDAGOGICAL MODELS OF A CONCEPT OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF TOURIST DESTINATIONS

    Besedin D. G.; Tolmasova N. V.

    2015-01-01

    The authors attempt to formulate the basic contradictions and problems of implementation of studio concepts of sustainable development of tourist destinations in the system of professional tourist formation. Sustainable development of tourist destinations is a precondition of modern tourism. To ensure the sustainable development of tourist destinations it is necessary to look for innovative concepts and technologies, effective in modern socio-cultural, political and economic conditions. One o...

  1. How did Malaysia Manage its Position as Top 10 World Tourist Destinations in UNWTO Ranking in 2012?

    Nor’Ain Othman; Hassnah Wee; Razip Hassan

    2014-01-01

    There are many reasons contributing to the achievement of Malaysia for being rank as top 10 most visited destinations in the world for the last four years. Among the factors are structures, resources, strategy, policy and leadership. In order to identify how Malaysia manage to be at this rank, a study was carried out on destination branding of Malaysian tourism from destination marketers’ perspectives. The objectives are to identify tourism marketing messages that influence international t...

  2. THE CURRENT PROFILE OF ROMANIAN HOTEL INDUSTRY: DOES IT ENHANCE THE ATTRACTIVENESS OF ROMANIA AS A TOURIST DESTINATION?

    CORNELIA POP

    2014-01-01

    The lodging industry can be considered the core of tourism industry within a destination. Tourism development within a destination is interlinked with an adequate supply of accommodation facilities tailored to tourist demands. The present paper investigates the current profile of Romanian hotel industry, the dominant sector of Romanian lodging industry, in order to relate it with the trends in tourist arrivals by internal destinations and by type of hotels. The international brand penetration...

  3. From the projected to the transmitted image: the 2.0 construction of tourist destination image and identity in Catalonia

    Mariné Roig, Estela

    2013-01-01

    This thesis aims to explore online projected and perceived images of a tourist destination, to assess their mutual correspondence, and to shed light on the role of online user-generated images in destination image formation. It also seeks to analyse the spatial distribution of image by tourists and the complex image identity issues concerning a destination. To achieve this, online image sources regarding the case study of Catalonia were analysed through massive computerized quantitative conte...

  4. High-speed rail systems and tourists´ destination choice: the case studies of Paris and Madrid

    Pagliara, Francesca; Delaplace, Marie; Vassallo Magro, José Manuel

    2015-01-01

    The analysis of how tourists select their holiday destinations along with the factors determining their choices is very important for promoting tourism. In particular, transportation is supposed to have a great influence on the tourists’ decisions. The aim of this paper is to investigate the role of High Speed Rail (HSR) systems with respect to a destination choice. Two key tourist destinations in Europe namely Paris, and Madrid, have been chosen to identify the factors influencing this choic...

  5. Competitive branding policies for medium mountain tourism destinations: a case study from the Val di Sole (Trento

    Elisa Tizzoni

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this essay is to address the issue of medium mountain destination branding from a multidisciplinary perspective, focusing on the Italian tourism area of the Val di Sole as a case study.After having summarized the main potentialities and constraints in medium mountain tourism management, the research applies the many-sided concept of in-between place to the destination branding aspects. Finally, the analysis of destination branding policies carried out in the Val di Sole, a medium mountain Alpine area in the Italian Provincia Autonoma of Trento, offers an overview of the basic success factors in medium mountain destinations enhancement.

  6. Taking stock of the New Nordic Cuisine at Danish coastal destinations

    Therkelsen, Anette

    2016-01-01

    qualities as well as spatial and social context qualities of food consumption. Sense of place gained through food consumption seems to be where the Geman demand perspective and the NNC concept meet. However, as place-specific food experiences are perceived to be scarce at Danish coastal destinations this......This paper deals with coastal tourists’ food experiences and focuses on the potentials and challenges the New Nordic Cuisine (NNC) concept holds in relation to German tourists visiting Danish coastal destinations. By means of a conceptual model, the characteristics of the NNC are related to...... scholarly knowledge on tourists’ food experiences and potentially critical points are identified. Analyses of qualitative interviews with German tourists at five Danish coastal destinations expand on these critical points and show that the NNC and coastal tourists give different priority to product...

  7. Accessibility of a Destination-Based Transportation System: A Large Airport Study

    SHI Jing; YING Xiwen

    2008-01-01

    The accessibility of a destination-based transportation system is defined to quantify the perform-ance of transportation systems which access a distinct destination. The access cost is used to reflect the utility of the transportation system including the fatigue and inconvenience in the total cost. The cost is quan-tified by two coefficients which represent the different characteristics of various people. The average cost and the income-relative accessibility are used to describe various aspects of the accessibility and to evaluate the accessibility of a destination-based system. A case study uses data from the Kunming transpor-tation system to evaluate the accessibility of the present city airport. The calibrated coefficients are then used to evaluate the transportation system to the new Kunming international airport. The results show that this transportation accessibility evaluation can be combined with transportation planning to study transporta-tion sub-systems.

  8. Cross-border shopping and tourism destination marketing: The case of Southern Jutland, Denmark

    Makkonen, Teemu

    2016-01-01

    This article addresses the economic impact that cross-border shopping has on the local tourism industry and the ways that cross-border shopping is taken advantage of in tourism destination marketing. Southern Jutland–situated in Denmark just north of the German border, where border shops situated...... just south of the same border enable Danes to capitalize on the lower value added tax levels in Germany–is utilized as an illustrative case example. The data was collected by analysing the relevant tourism destination marketing material and via interviews with local destination marketing organizations...... and tourism firms. Based on the empirical evidence it seems that the positive impact that cross-border shopping can have on attracting large numbers of tourists into the region can outweigh the negative impact of tourists preferring border shops to local products and services: cross-border shopping...

  9. Stakeholder Involvement in Tourism Destination Development: A Case of Dunga Beach and Wetland, Kisumu County, Kenya

    Joshua Otieno Wanga

    2014-09-01

    In Kenya, Tourism is the second largest source of foreign exchange revenue following agriculture; it however, faces numerous challenges sustainability due the complex nature of tourism destinations. Tourism destinations are complex and dynamic systems that involve various stakeholders each with different understanding of same tourism system. These different perceptions can be tapped to develop a common tourism model that helps achieve the overall sustainable tourism development objective of a given destination. This paper describes participatory systems approach to develop a shared understanding amongst stakeholders of the tourism system in Dunga Beach and Wetland, in Kisumu County, Kenya. The process includes the development of a systems model that represents a holistic understanding of the interconnectedness and relationships between the various components that impact on sustainable development of tourism in Dunga. The model is intended for use as a framework for enhancing ecotourism experiences by stakeholders who are ecotourism experience providers in Dunga for the satisfaction of tourists in Dunga beach and wetland.

  10. Destination image and crime in Mexico: An analysis of foreign government travel advice

    J. Carlos Monterrubio

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Destination image has been recognised as an influential component of travel decision processes. Although organic sources of information play an important role in shaping destination image, researchers have often ignored the types of sources and the information they deliver. In particular, official websites where government travel advice is given, especially in relation to crime, have been widely excluded from scholarly research. This paper analyses the relationship between crime-related travel advice given by foreign governments and Mexico’s destination image. Qualitative content analysis of official websites from the US, Canada, the UK and Spain reveals that the travel advice given relates largely to the violence and insecurity that Mexico is currently experiencing. “No advisory in effect”, “Exercise caution” and “Defer non-essential travel” are messages commonly found in the governments’ travel advice about Mexico.

  11. Destination image and crime in Mexico: An analysis of foreign government travel advice

    J. Carlos Monterrubio

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Destination image has been recognised as an influential component of travel decision processes. Although organic sources of information play an important role in shaping destination image, researchers have often ignored the types of sources and the information they deliver. In particular, official websites where government travel advice is given, especially in relation to crime, have been widely excluded from scholarly research. This paper analyses the relationship between crime-related travel advice given by foreign governments and Mexico’s destination image. Qualitative content analysis of official websites from the US, Canada, the UK and Spain reveals that the travel advice given relates largely to the violence and insecurity that Mexico is currently experiencing. “No advisory in effect”, “Exercise caution” and “Defer non-essential travel” are messages commonly found in the governments’ travel advice about Mexico.

  12. Romanian Coast of the Black Sea - Quality of Tourism Services and Choice Destination Factors

    Daniel Bulin

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Romanian seaside is a summer destination for tourists Romans and not only, offering multiple holiday resorts. This paper propose to identify attitudes and perceptions of tourists on the quality of tourism services on the Romanian coast of the Black Sea. Authors is focused to measuring the perception of Romanian tourists on the quality of the Romanian seaside, the recovery of the tourism potential, the service personnel and appreciation of rates/quality balance. Also, we propose to identify key factors of choice of seaside destinations. The research hypothesis are: perceived quality of service is average to poor, coastal tourism potential is underexploited, the prices are high for the quality offered, and insufficiently trained service personnel; is the fact that the choice of holiday destination depends on a number of factors, not one critical.

  13. Destination Brand Personality of Portugal for the Russian-Speaking Market

    Taisiya Chaykina; Manuela Guerreiro; Júlio Mendes

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays brand personality is admitted to be one of the essential parts of brand strategy. It has also become a popular aspect of destination branding due to the fact that destinations are constantly competing for visitors attention in various ways. The term of branding has been first applied to marketing of services or places since the 1990’s. Later on it was broadened and utilized by specialists in the field of tourism marketing. Tourism brand personality is a relatively new one and there a...

  14. The role of emigrants in the construction of a destination brand: a new research line

    Fatimazohra El Aouni; Rosalía Cascón-Pereira; Ana Beatriz Hernández-Lara

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – The main objective of this work consists of proposing a new line of research which consists of exploring the role of emigrants in the construction of their country of origin’s brand. Design and methodology: To justify the need of this new research line we provide arguments by conducting a literature review on destination branding and topics related to migration in tourism. Approach – A proper destination branding may have a bearing on the image of a particular area, attracting visit...

  15. Calculation and Analysis of Destination Buffer for Multimedia Service in Mobile Ad Hoc Network

    ZHOU Zhong; MAO Yu-ming; JIANG Zhi-qong

    2005-01-01

    Jitter is one of the most important issues for multimedia real time services in future mobile ad hoc networks(MANET). A thorough theoretical analysis of the destination buffer for smoothing the jitter of the real time service in MANET is given. The theoretical results are applied in moderate populated ad hoc networks in our simulation, the simulation results show that by predicting and adjusting destination buffer in our way, Jitter will be alleviated in large part and this will contribute much to the quality of service (QOS) in MANET.

  16. Destination image in travel magazines: A textual and pictorial analysis of Hong Kong and Macau

    Hsu, Cathy H.C.; Song, Hanqun

    2013-01-01

    Based on the analyses of texts and pictures in the top six outbound travel magazines in Mainland China, this article presents an evaluation of the destination images of Hong Kong and Macau as portrayed in 88 travel articles over a three-year period. The results showed that the projected destination images of Hong Kong and Macau were dominated by attributes related to culture, history, and art and leisure and recreation. Hong Kong was often described by image attributes such as places and attr...

  17. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PLACE BRANDING AND DESTINATION BRANDING FOR LOCAL BRAND STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT

    Victor-Alexandru BRICIU

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available To highlight the principles used in the design and development of a regional brand strategy we need to identify the disciplinary and the theoretical referential that would best fit the branding approach. This paper will address the main forms of branding: place branding, location branding and destination branding, as a specialized form of destination marketing. From the theoretical point of view, by identifying the fundamental and the management brand model, the regional tourism brand concept is regarded by positioning it in the category (the most general one of place branding.

  18. Architecture as a Tool for Branding in Rural Istrian Tourism Destination

    Ivana Medica

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Natural and protected environments with authentic widespread traditional construction have become one of the fundamental touristic resources. Traditional architecture is a very crucial part of collective cultural heritage. Although it is ample and widespread, only since recent times it has been given its economical value as well as it has been included in tourism. According to the context above, authors have come up with a hypothesis stating that with implying branding of traditional architectural heritage, a positive influence on enrichment of touristic offerings of certain destination will be achieved. The authors defend and fulfill their hypothesis by analyzing different research on the example of rural destinations in Istria.

  19. TOURIST DESTINATION IMAGE TROUGH THE IDENTITY OF PERSONALITIES.CASE STUDY: CONSTANTIN BRANCUSI

    CARUNTU Andreea Laura; STANCIOIU Aurelia- Felicia; Nicolae TEODORESCU

    2012-01-01

    In a century dominated by the 3D technology, in which the tourism destination image is determinant in the process of taking the buying decision; it can be stated that sometimes it can take the place of its identity. Thus, an important role is given also to the perception of the image of its personalities. Constantin Brancusi has an important ole among the personalities from Romania, the way in which is perceived the image of the tourism destination Targu Jiu among the visitors can represent a...

  20. Policy measure for creating an integrated and brand-focused regional innovation system in tourism in a shadow destination:

    Brambini, Annalisa; Vang, Jan

    2013-01-01

    -located places. Based on regional innovation systems and place branding research the paper develops policy measures adapted to the specific challenges a shadow destination faces. Empirically, the appropriateness of the policy measures is demonstrated through applying it to a paradigmatic shadow destination...

  1. How did Malaysia Manage its Position as Top 10 World Tourist Destinations in UNWTO Ranking in 2012?

    Nor’Ain Othman

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available There are many reasons contributing to the achievement of Malaysia for being rank as top 10 most visited destinations in the world for the last four years. Among the factors are structures, resources, strategy, policy and leadership. In order to identify how Malaysia manage to be at this rank, a study was carried out on destination branding of Malaysian tourism from destination marketers’ perspectives. The objectives are to identify tourism marketing messages that influence international tourists desire to visit Malaysia and to examine destination marketing agencies attitude towards building “Brand Malaysia” in tourism products. The subject of this research is the most recent promotion involving a new brand entitled “Malaysia Truly Asia” and examines the initiative within the framework of the country’s destination branding and destination image development strategies. An assessment of the part played by destination branding in Malaysian tourism industry at large forms the wider context for the study and conclusions of more general relevance are drawn from the particularities of the case. A quantitative research method is used to examine the attitude of destination marketers towards the awareness on marketing mix used in creating “Brand Malaysia” tourism branding. A total of 300 questionnaires were distributed to travel agencies based on purposive convenient sampling.

  2. Not Merely a Matter of Academics: Student Experiences of a South African University as Study-Abroad Destination

    Paola, R. J.; Lemmer, E. M.

    2013-01-01

    Study abroad programmes attract considerable numbers of American college students; however, very few select an African country as their study-abroad destination. This article explores the experiences of American undergraduates who made the uncommon choice of a South African university as destination for a mid-length immersion type programme. The…

  3. “Forget to Whom You Have Told This Proverb”: Directed Forgetting of Destination Memory in Alzheimer's Disease

    El Haj, Mohamad; Gandolphe, Marie-Charlotte; Allain, Philippe; Fasotti, Luciano; Antoine, Pascal

    2015-01-01

    Destination memory is the ability to remember the receiver of transmitted information. By means of a destination memory directed forgetting task, we investigated whether participants with Alzheimer's Disease (AD) were able to suppress irrelevant information in destination memory. Twenty-six AD participants and 30 healthy elderly subjects were asked to tell 10 different proverbs to 10 different celebrities (List 1). Afterwards, half of the participants were instructed to forget the destinations (i.e., the celebrities) whereas the other half were asked to keep them in mind. After telling 10 other proverbs to 10 other celebrities (List 2), participants were asked to read numbers aloud. Subsequently, all the participants were asked to remember the destinations of List 1 and List 2, regardless of the forget or remember instructions. The results show similar destination memory in AD participants who were asked to forget the destinations of List 1 and those who were asked to retain them. These findings are attributed to inhibitory deficits, by which AD participants have difficulties to suppress irrelevant information in destination memory. PMID:25918456

  4. Getting The Benefits Of ICTs In Tourism Destinations: Models, Strategies And Tools

    Giuseppina Passiante

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is a relevant opportunity for economic development and social well being. Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs are important tools for seizing tourism developmental opportunities arising from integrating and strengthening the local tourism value chain. Nevertheless, ‘productivity paradoxes’ showed that technologies (IT first and the Internet now cannot produce any significant benefit unless accompanied by complementary organizational changes. Who’s in charge of managing tourism destinations is thus facing a double challenge: the redefinition of traditional destination management activities to suit ICTs and the diffusion of such tools in a fragmented, SMEs-driven sector.In this aim, the present paper presents an ICT-enabled model and the related diffusion strategy as it is applied in different experiences in Italy, Morocco and Jordan. Then a detailed description of how in practice this strategy is implemented and its main components is provided. The results of five-years long research and practical experiences as well as field experimentations as related to the application of the strategy will be used to conclude with a number of insights as related to ICTs diffusion in tourism destinations In particular different clues as related to the diffusion of innovative destination management models and the role of technology in doing so will be discussed.

  5. Immigrant Children's Educational Achievement in Western Countries: Origin, Destination, and Community Effects on Mathematical Performance

    Levels, Mark; Dronkers, Jaap; Kraaykamp, Gerbert

    2008-01-01

    This article explores the extent to which macro-level characteristics of destination countries, origin countries, and immigrant communities help explain differences in immigrant children's educational achievement. Using data from the 2003 PISA survey, we analyze the mathematical performance of 7,403 pupils from 35 different origin countries in 13…

  6. Learners' Attitudes toward Regional Dialects and Destination Preferences in Study Abroad

    Shiri, Sonia

    2013-01-01

    This study explored the impact of short-term study abroad on the language attitudes of college-level learners of Arabic in the United States. It investigated students' destination preferences in various Arabic-speaking countries, their attitudes toward learning Modern Standard Arabic (MSA) and regional dialects, and the factors that they…

  7. Tourism in local planning and development : tourist area product and market plans (destination plans)

    Ørjansen, Dag

    1998-01-01

    The main point in the project was to try to find a better framework for the tourism business units own destination planning and try to find a better co-operation with the local planning. By local planning we mean both the traditional long-term development planning, economical planning and short-term development planning.

  8. THE REVIVAL OF TOURISM IN MEHEDINTI COUNTY - CASE STUDY: THE DANUBE BEND TOURIST DESTINATION

    Mirela MAZILU

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The sustainable management of the destinations is essential for the development of tourism, especially through the planning of the efficient usage of the space and of the land, as well as through the control of the development and through the decisions to invest in infrastructure and services. Granting the fact that the new development of tourism is, as a scale and a type, adequate for the needs of the local community and for the natural environment, the sustainable development can consolidate the economic performances and the competitive position of a destination on a long term. This needs a support frame which implicates all the interested parties at regional and local levels, as well as an efficient structure which facilitates the efficient partnership and management. A basic request for the quality existence and perenniality of the tourist destinations from Romania is to remain competitive. The actions undertaken for this purpose should be considered as a part of the process of creation of a sustainable character, which represents one of the most important advantages in the competition. Thus, in order to ensure competitiveness, viability and prosperity on a long term, the tourist destinations should emphasize the full integration of the preoccupations regarding the sustainability within the decisional process and within their management practices and instruments.

  9. The Market Positioning and the Selection of Destination Countries for Music Students from Taiwan

    Wang, Li-Ping; Ho, Hsuan-fu

    2014-01-01

    Students now-a-days have to develop international skills to be successful in this global environment, and choosing a sound destination country is a crucial issue to the success of their overseas study. On the other hand, since international students may contribute a great deal to the host country's educational quality and its economy,…

  10. Toward a Theory of School Capacity in New Immigrant Destinations: Instructional and Organizational Considerations

    Lowenhaupt, Rebecca; Reeves, Todd

    2015-01-01

    Across the United States, immigrant enrollments in the public schools have rapidly increased, particularly in locales with little tradition of immigration, known as "new immigrant destinations." Despite the widespread nature of this trend, there is much to be learned about how schools are responding to this influx of immigrant students.…

  11. Moderating impact of tourism relationship management dimensions on tourism service quality, tourist satisfaction and destination loyalty

    Arup Kumar Baksi

    2014-01-01

    This study attempts to assess the moderating impact of recently introduced tourist relationship management (TRM) framework on service quality perception-tourist satisfaction-destination loyalty link. Tourist relationship management framework draws inspiration from customer relationship management (CRM) model with validated addition of dimensions compatible to tourism dynamics. The study, carried out in Santiniketan, India, confirmed moderating impact of dimensional performance of tourist rela...

  12. Tweets and Facebook Posts, the Novelty Techniques in the Creation of Origin-Destination Models

    Malema, H. K.; Musakwa, W.

    2016-06-01

    Social media and big data have emerged to be a useful source of information that can be used for planning purposes, particularly transportation planning and trip-distribution studies. Cities in developing countries such as South Africa often struggle with out-dated, unreliable and cumbersome techniques such as traffic counts and household surveys to conduct origin and destination studies. The emergence of ubiquitous crowd sourced data, big data, social media and geolocation based services has shown huge potential in providing useful information for origin and destination studies. Perhaps such information can be utilised to determine the origin and destination of commuters using the Gautrain, a high-speed railway in Gauteng province South Africa. To date little is known about the origins and destinations of Gautrain commuters. Accordingly, this study assesses the viability of using geolocation-based services namely Facebook and Twitter in mapping out the network movements of Gautrain commuters. Explorative Spatial Data Analysis (ESDA), Echo-social and ArcGis software were used to extract social media data, i.e. tweets and Facebook posts as well as to visualize the concentration of Gautrain commuters. The results demonstrate that big data and geolocation based services have the significant potential to predict movement network patterns of commuters and this information can thus, be used to inform and improve transportation planning. Nevertheless use of crowd sourced data and big data has privacy concerns that still need to be addressed.

  13. elaboration de polymere a empreinte moleculaire destine au developpement d'un capteur des pesticides.

    belladgham, wahiba

    2016-01-01

    Dans le present travail , notre interet s'est porté sur l'elaboration des materiaux a empreinte moleculaire MIP destines au developpement dun capteur des pesticides danc notre cas , la synthese du MIP s'est faite en polymerisant sous irradiation UV , LE MELANGE CONSTITUE .

  14. Medical Tourist’s Perception in Selecting their Destination: A Global Perspective

    Noorhazilah A Manaf

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: The need for better healthcare has grown significantly in recent years. In addition, the rising healthcare costs in the U.S. and in many European countries have forced many patients to seek medical treatment abroad, which has created the demand for medical tourism. With little yet known as to the perception of a medical tourist's destination selection, this study aims to explore medical tourist's perception in selecting their destination while going for medical treatment.Methods: Realizing the current need to examine closely the perception of medical tourists, this study had conducted a secondary study to collect data for assessing and identification of the key factors on patient's perception and destination selection criteria.Results: The result confirms the existence of a very strong relationship between cost, service quality, treatment types and availability and marketing impact on the perception of the medical tourists' in selecting their medical tourism destination.Conclusion: This study offers support for the proposed conceptual model and an empirical basis for comparison in future research.

  15. Changing Destinations: Ideal Attraction and Actual Movement of Cross-Border Tertiary Students from Mainland China

    Ghazarian, Peter G.

    2014-01-01

    Globalization has driven growth in the market for cross-border students. Mainland China, with a burgeoning economy and the largest national population, has become an important source of cross-border students. This study identifies ideal attraction in mainland China to destinations for cross-border tertiary education, as expressed by ideal first…

  16. 48 CFR 46.403 - Government contract quality assurance at destination.

    2010-10-01

    ... processed under direct control of the National Institutes of Health or the Food and Drug Administration of... quality assurance at destination. 46.403 Section 46.403 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION CONTRACT MANAGEMENT QUALITY ASSURANCE Government Contract Quality Assurance...

  17. 14 CFR 121.195 - Airplanes: Turbine engine powered: Landing limitations: Destination airports.

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Airplanes: Turbine engine powered: Landing... Performance Operating Limitations § 121.195 Airplanes: Turbine engine powered: Landing limitations: Destination airports. (a) No person operating a turbine engine powered airplane may take off that airplane...

  18. Social and Economic Integration of Latino Immigrants in New Rural Destinations

    Heather Koball Randy Capps William Kandel Jamila Henderson Everett Henderson

    2008-01-01

    This brief examines changes since 1990 in the integration of Latino immigrants in new rural destinations. Using decennial 1990 census data and 2005-2006 American Community Survey data, it describes trends and examines integration by length of residence in the U.S.

  19. Social and Economic Integration of Latino Immigrants in New Rural Destinations.

    Heather Koball; Randy Capps; William Kandel; Jamila Henderson; Everett Henderson

    2008-01-01

    This brief examines changes since 1990 in the integration of Latino immigrants in new rural destinations. Using decennial 1990 census data and 2005-2006 American Community Survey data, it describes trends and examines integration by length of residence in the U.S.

  20. Organizing English Learner Instruction in New Immigrant Destinations: District Infrastructure and Subject-Specific School Practice

    Hopkins, Megan; Lowenhaupt, Rebecca; Sweet, Tracy M.

    2015-01-01

    In the context of shifting demographics and standards-based reform, school districts in new immigrant destinations are charged with designing infrastructures that support teaching and learning for English learners (ELs) in core academic subjects. This article uses qualitative data and social network analysis to examine how one district in the…

  1. Projected Destination Images on African Websites: Upgrading Branding Opportunities in the Global Tourism Value Chain

    J.C.A.C. van Wijk (Jeroen); F.M. Go (Frank); R. Govers (Robert)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractThis paper explores whether websites that offer a global audience virtual access to watering holes in game parks afford African nations opportunities to diminish their international isolation as tourism destinations. The present analysis examines a sample of almost 450 tourism websites r

  2. United Mileage Plus Reward You Free Ticket to United Destination of Your Choice

    2005-01-01

    @@ Mileage Plus members earn miles and redeem awards to over700 destinations in more than 130countries when by fly in United Airlines or any one of the 15 Star Alliance member airlines. Mileage Plus members also can earn and redeem miles with nine other non-Star Alliance partner airlines. Awards can be earned quickly in the MP program.

  3. 15 CFR 30.36 - Exemption for shipments destined to Canada.

    2010-01-01

    ... CFR 120-130). (4) Requiring a Department of Commerce, BIS, export license under the EAR (15 CFR 730... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Exemption for shipments destined to Canada. 30.36 Section 30.36 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and Foreign...

  4. Correlation Coefficient Control For A Frequency Reconfigurable Dual-Band Compact MIMO Antenna Destined For LTE

    Tatomirescu, Alexandru; Buskgaard, Emil Feldborg; Pedersen, Gert Frølund

    2014-01-01

    In this contribution, we are proposing a compact design for an implementation of a two element MIMO antenna destined for LTE smart phones. The antennas are collocated at one end of the PCB to minimize antenna volume. Each element is dual-band and frequency reconfigurable using tunable capacitors...

  5. 48 CFR 47.303-14 - C.i.f. destination.

    2010-10-01

    ... and marine insurance paid by the contractor. (b) Contractor responsibilities. The contractor's... of marine insurance coverage specified in the contract or agreed upon by the Government contracting... delivery term. C.i.f. (Cost, insurance, freight) destination means free of expense to the...

  6. Destination image of Bulgaria: Comparative analysis of representations of Bulgaria in state authorities' and UK and Irish tour operators' brochures and websites

    Stanoeva, Diyana

    2008-01-01

    Desttination image is becoming a popular topic, nowadays, when the tourism industry marks its boom. The importance of marketing destinations is believed to be an esential part of promoting destinations. The growing number of destinations, competing in the international marketplace, poses a challenging situation of a merciless competition among them. A destination's tourism authorities try to present their country at the best possible way as a perfect blend of culture, nature, unforgettable...

  7. Dynamic Competition and Cooperation of Road Infrastructure Investment of Multiple Tourism Destinations: A Case Study of Xidi and Hongcun World Cultural Heritage

    Jun Li; Wenna Zhang; Honggang Xu; Jie Jiang

    2015-01-01

    The transportation infrastructure always plays an important role in the development of the local tourism. A system dynamics method incorporated with a destination choice model is proposed in this paper to analyze the dynamic impacts of transportation infrastructure on the tourism development, where multiple tourism destinations share a common market. Tourists’ destination choice behaviors are characterized by a multinomial logit choice model based on the utility of destinations, which depends...

  8. Hotel water consumption at a seasonal mass tourist destination. The case of the island of Mallorca.

    Deyà Tortella, Bartolomé; Tirado, Dolores

    2011-10-01

    While it is true that tourism is one of the main driving forces behind economic growth in several world regions, it is also true that tourism can have serious negative environmental impacts, especially with regard to water resources. The tourist water demand can generate big problems of sustainability, mainly in those regions where water is scarce, as occurs in most coastal and small island destinations where a large part of world tourism is concentrated. Given the shortage of literature on the subject, further research into the tourist water demand is required, with particular attention to the hotel sector, since hotels are the most popular option for tourists, displaying higher levels of water consumption. The main purpose of this study is to develop a model to analyse hotel water consumption at a mature sun and sand destination with a strong seasonal pattern and scarcity of water; characteristics shared by some of the world's main tourist destinations. Our model includes a set of different hotel variables associated with physical, seasonal and management-related factors and it improves on the capacity to explain water consumption at such destinations. Following a hierarchical regression methodology, the model is empirically tested through a survey distributed to managers of a representative sample of hotels on the island of Mallorca. From the obtained results, interesting recommendations can be made for both hotel managers and policy makers. Among these, it should be highlighted that the strategic move contemplated by many mature destinations towards a higher quality, low-season model could have significant negative effects in terms of the sustainability of water resources. Our results also conclude that managerial decisions, like the system of accommodation that is offered (i.e. the proliferation of the "all-inclusive" formula, both at mature and new destinations), could give rise to the same negative effect. Development of water saving initiatives (usually

  9. THE PERCEPTION OF ROMANIA AS A TOURIST DESTINATION INTO SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

    MAZILU MIRELA

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Motto: "Ecological and economic deficits are now shaping not only our future, but our present. The future is here." Lester R. Brown (World on the Edge After 50 years of communism, of values destruction, of chaotic real estate evolution, of a kitsch tourist image perceived by those visiting our country, of values reversal, of values dilution, all of us who love our country and tourism wonder what and how to do to transform Romania into an attractive destination. We all know that we have marvelous places, we know that they are not promoted, but why those authorized to do so, don't do it, we don't know! Recently, the ones from National Geographic Traveler (the travelling publication with the widest audience, having over 8.5 million readers have given us a ball of oxygen, have shown us a ray of hope by classifying Maramures in the Top 20 mandatory tourist destinations for 2015, summing up a series of criteria: authenticity, sustainability, cultural richness, etc. Maramures has all these qualities. But it remains a micro region, and the rest of the country (with small exceptions has not attracted attention or tourists... The perception of Romania as a tourist destination is unclear; it has not got a good reputation as a bona fide destination for occasional tourists. This is caused partly by: deficiencies in the destination marketing, the absence of governmental support in tourism, the unprofessional practices in the business tourism sector, the low standards of the services for the visitors, the deficient infrastructure, improper facilities and pass-time activities, etc. The re-launching of tourism from Romania, of the tourist destinations and the attraction of a larger number of foreign tourists could bring supplementary benefits, but with many necessary changes, in the tourism managers’ opinion. “Two elements are essential in the tourism industry system: how to make use environmentally, sustainably of the tourism potential of the landscape and

  10. THE ANALYSIS OF THE WASTE PROBLEM IN TOURIST DESTINATIONS ON THE EXAMPLE OF CARPATHIAN REGION IN UKRAINE

    Iuliia Murava

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to identify waste generated within the territories of tourist destinations in Carpathian Mountains in Ukraine and to classify it for the use of effective waste management methods. The dynamics of municipal waste generation in tourist destinations in Carpathian region has been analyzed. The sources of waste generation in tourist activities have been identified and classified by the criterion of their further use. The methods of waste management within the tourist destinations in Carpathian region have been proposed. The problem of tourist destinations waste has been identified as one of the significant environmental aspects of tourism industry. Recommendations for implementation of the waste management methods can form the basis of waste management programs within the tourist destinations in the Carpathians. To achieve the goal and to solve the identified tasks a range of research methods have been used in the study: praximetric method (analysis of research experience and summarizing the information of printed sources on environmental aspects of the tourism industry and the problems of waste management within tourist destinations; comparative analysis has been used for identification of quantitative indicators and dynamics of municipal waste generation; specific search method has been used for identifying, selecting, theoretical analysis, classification of the waste generated in tourist destinations and calculation of their generated amount.

  11. The Effect of Destination Image on Destination Loyalty and Its Antecedents%景区形象对游客忠诚影响的实证研究

    王斌; 武春友

    2011-01-01

    Destination image has been testified to influence the whole process of tourists' traveling experience including the choice of destinations,the evaluation of the trip and behavior intention after the trip.The research,by employing the structure equation model(SEM),conducts an empirical study to identify the relationship among destination image,perceived value,satisfaction and tourist loyalty.The results indicate that image not only directly influences tourist loyalty but also has an indirect effect on loyalty via perceived value and satisfaction.Perceived value is found to indirectly affect loyalty through satisfaction which is the key influential factor in the forming of tourist loyalty.The research further classifies destination image into three dimensionalities,namely,functional image,accessibility image and affective image.Meanwhile,from the perspective of time,the paper subdivides loyalty into short-term,mid-term,long-term and affective loyalty.Finally,the regression analysis indicates that there are causal relationships between dimensionalities of destination image and those of tourist loyalty.%景区形象对目的地选择、旅游评价及游后行为倾向有着重要的影响。针对景区层面游客忠诚的影响因素,利用结构方程模型对景区形象与忠诚及其前因的满意和感知价值的关系展开实证研究,样本在16个自然与人文景区收集,共1220份。研究表明,景区形象是游客对景区忠诚的重要影响因素,它不仅对游客忠诚影响显著,对感知价值和满意也有着显著的积极影响。在感知价值和满意对忠诚的作用机制中,也验证了满意是更直接和显著的影响因素。利用因子分析可以将景区形象解析为三个有意义的维度,在对忠诚的影响中,情感形象发挥着核心作用。从时间视角可以将行为忠诚进一步解构为近期、中期和远期的行为忠诚,利用多元回归分析发现,景区形象的三个维度与三个行

  12. Barriers and Facilitators in the Maturity Process for Web Promotion of Italian Tourist Destinations

    Cristina Fabi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Despite the growing importance of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs in the tourism domain, the opportunities offered by the web to promote tourist destinations seem to be not yet fully exploited by destination marketing organizations. This study seeks to extend the eTourism Communication Maturity Model (eTcoMM, which is based on stage models of online communication in tourism. The model focuses on identifying processes involved in tourism web marketing activities, from awareness by tourism boards to implementation. The study aims to contribute to the definition of maturity in online promotion by Italian tourism boards, identifying and discussing factors that aid and limit the transition, from awareness to implementation of strategic web marketing.

  13. A model of analysis for the euroregion Galicia-Northern Portugal as a single tourism destination

    Xulio X.Pardellas de Blas

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The new configuration of the territory in the Euroregion Galicia-Northern Portugal is in neeed of a debate on the problems related to its development,such as organization and planning of common tourist destinations.In this paper important and value cientific literature on this topic and data from a study carried out by the authors for the Eixo Atlántico in 2001 are used to implement some instruments for their application to this territory.The model presented here is a systemic design construct of this Euroregion as a common tourist destination and provides a formal structure of its elements that may be useful to administrators and planners in their analyses and decision-taking process.

  14. Golf course development in a major tourist destination: implications for planning and management.

    Warnken, J; Thompson, D; Zakus, D H

    2001-05-01

    The planning and design of golf course developments is influenced by many factors. This paper focuses on the environmental ramifications of insufficient or lack of compliance with standard environmental and economic planning practices. Specifically, it looks at a tourist destination location that was under the influence of extensive land development and investment speculation. The Gold Coast in Australia was the focal point for large overseas investment due to changes in government legislation regarding foreign investment. Due to the economic climate in the second half of the 1980s many golf course resort developments were built, approved, or planned. Many of these circumvented normal business and environment planning processes. The result has been a dangerous concentration of golf facilities in environmentally sensitive areas and an oversupply of golf facilities. Both of these matters are discussed in terms of the general planning process and the potential economic and environmental impacts to the Gold Coast and similar destinations in other parts of the world. PMID:11334156

  15. Mobile Social Computing for Destination Marketing: Valuing Territoriality and Social Contagion

    Tussyadiah, Iis

    marketers should respond to this behavior with appropriate marketing strategies. This study identifies that locative media provide tourists with the playfulness of pursuing rewards and competing (as well as staying connected) with their social network while traveling. Locative media function as a platform...... production. As an implication, destination marketing using locative media should build upon the three distinct components characterizing mobile social computing: mobility, social contagion, and social gaming. Mobile social computing enables tourism and hospitality businesses to capitalize on the coupling......Mobile social computing has become an important platform for daily experiences and has caused a tremendous impact on people’s interaction with and interpretation of objects, materials, and images of tourist places. This study explores how locative media shapes tourist behavior and how destination...

  16. Destination Culture and Its Influence on Tourist Motivation and Tourist Satisfaction of Homestay Visit

    Nguyen Quang VINH

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available With the advantage of culture and historical tourism resource, Hanoi has to finalize its tourism development strategy for the long term. This study aims to help tourism planners and marketers to get an understanding that may provide a foundation for their strategic marketing decision in homestay tourism service. The empirical analysis used data from 150 international visitors who have experience in using homestay service in Duonglam old village. To test the hypotheses among tourist motivation, satisfaction with destination loyalty, regression is adopted. This study result show that climate conditions, the destination can be easily reached, the quality of the accommodation, beauty of the scenery and cleanliness are ranked most important attribute for tourist satisfaction with Duonglam village. Another hand the result also indicates negative image about tourist service and culture events of Duonglam old village. Implications of the findings for tourism marketers and research limitation are also discussed.

  17. MANET Performance for Source and Destination Moving Scenarios Considering OLSR and AODV protocols

    Elis Kulla

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently, a great interest is shown in MANETs potential usage and applications in several fields such as military activities, rescue operations and time-critical applications. In this work, we implement and analyse a MANET testbed considering AODV and OLSR protocols for wireless multi-hop networking. We investigate the effect of mobility and topology changing in MANET and evaluate the performance of the network through experiments in a real environment. The performance assessment of our testbed is done considering throughput, number of dropped packets and delay. We designed four scenarios: Static, Source Moving, Destination Moving and Source-Destination Moving. From our experimental results, we concluded that when the communicating nodes are moving and the routes change quickly, OLSR (as a proactive protocol performs better than AODV, which is a reactive protocol.

  18. MEASURING DESTINATION IMAGE AND CONSUMER CHOICE CRITERIA: THE CASE OF MYKONOS ISLAND

    Spyridon Mamalis

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Destination image has long been identified as an environmental characteristic that influences consumer behaviour and choice. As destinations compete nowadays globally, marketers need to acquire new knowledge and a greater understanding of the business and the environment, in which they operate in order to determine and adopt an appropriate marketing mix. So, first research objective was to measure attitudes towards island of Mykonos in order to identify key dimensions and their relative importance in determining consumer choice. Then, Cluster analysis was performed in order to segment the market and identify different clusters of tourists. Four different clusters were identified based on choice criteria and attitudes. Results can be a valuable input for both marketers and practitioners.

  19. Estimating Origin-Destination Matrix of Bogor City Using Gravity Model

    Ekowicaksono, I.; Bukhari, F.; Aman, A.

    2016-01-01

    Origin-Destination (O-D) Matrix describes people movement in a certain area. An O-D matrix is necessary for planning a good public transportation system. However, the exact values of O-D matrix are difficult to measure. There are several ways to estimate O-D matrix such as gravity model, gravity opportunity model, etc. In this study, gravity model was used to estimate the O-D matrix in Bogor city. The following assumptions were used to estimate the O-D matrix: (i) forces between two different zones are related to some existing parameters such as population, social-economic condition, etc. (ii) the people movements are influenced by accessibility from origin to destination, and the accessibility affected by distance, time, and/or cost.

  20. Analysis on Variables Affecting the Creation of Tourist Destination Image: Case Study on Domestic Tourists Visiting

    Khairani

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine the variables that affect the image creation of tourism destinations. This research is a case study on domestic tourists visiting Yogyakarta from 2007 to 2009. This research uses an exploratory and descriptive design, conducted once in one period (cross-sectional. A number of 105 domestic tourists were selected as samples by means of non-probability sampling method and snowball sampling technique. The data were analyzed using reliability and validity tests, frequency distributions, and regression analyses. Results showed that overall image was significantly constructed and affected by cognitive and affective evaluations. Cognitive evaluation was significantly affected by the types of information source from books and movies, while affective evaluation was affected significantly by social-psychological motivations. The research also proves that Yogyakarta has fulfilled the requirements to become a tourist destination; respondents showed positive feelings towards the town and also perceived the town positively.

  1. Will They Stay? Foreign-Born Out-Migration from New U.S. Destinations.

    Kritz, Mary M; Gurak, Douglas T; Lee, Min-Ah

    2011-08-01

    Immigrants living in new destinations in 1995 were 2.5 times more likely to have migrated to another labor market by 2000 as immigrants living in traditional places. The researchers look at two competing explanations for immigrants' differential internal migration patterns, namely that immigrants prefer areas with relatively large nativity concentrations which provide them with social support versus immigrants are target earners who prefer robust labor markets with strong employment growth and high wages. Utilizing confidential Census data for 1990 and 2000, the authors develop new destination classifications for 741 labor markets that take into account the differential growth and composition characteristics of 24 Asian, Latin American and Caribbean immigrant groups living in those markets. The empirical analysis of labor market out-migration indicates that immigrants do not see internal migration as an either/or choice between economics and social support but prefer residence places that allow them to maximize both conditions. PMID:22923857

  2. Adapting the European tourism indicators system to Braşov – tourist destination

    Gabriel BRĂTUCU

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The industry of tourism contributes mainly to the social and economic development of a destination. However this development has to be made in a sustainable manner, with an emphasis on preserving the area where it is practiced. In order to evaluate the sustainable development of a destination, the European Commission developed an Indicators System that measures and monitors, at a local level, the processes of sustainable development and communicates to the interested parties its progress and its future performances. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to identify the set of indicators from European Tourism Indicators System that are relevant in evaluating the sustainable development of tourism in Braşov. In order to achieve this objective 3 focus Groups were conducted among 30 specialists in this field. The results can serve as a guid

  3. TWEETS AND FACEBOOK POSTS, THE NOVELTY TECHNIQUES IN THE CREATION OF ORIGIN-DESTINATION MODELS

    Malema, H. K.; Musakwa, W.

    2016-01-01

    Social media and big data have emerged to be a useful source of information that can be used for planning purposes, particularly transportation planning and trip-distribution studies. Cities in developing countries such as South Africa often struggle with out-dated, unreliable and cumbersome techniques such as traffic counts and household surveys to conduct origin and destination studies. The emergence of ubiquitous crowd sourced data, big data, social media and geolocation based services has...

  4. Disaster Management in Coastal Tourism Destinations: The Case for Transactive Planning and Social Learning

    David, Nguyen; Imamura, Fumihiko; Iuchi, Kanako

    2016-01-01

    Due to its intrinsic scenery, many tourism destinations are located in areas that are exposed to various natural hazards such as tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, and high winds. In particular, coastal tourism presents numerous risks unique to the tourism sector due to differences in the type of vulnerabilities faced by tourists compared to other types of communities. Tourists are transient, may lack knowledge of local hazards, perceive risks differently, and may present various communication bar...

  5. SENSORY DIMENSIONS OF THE DESTINATION BUCHAREST FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF YOUNG PEOPLE

    DITOIU Mihail-Cristian; Aurelia-Felicia STANCIOIU; Nicolae TEODORESCU

    2012-01-01

    For a marketer, any destination that has the objective of connecting the consumer`s emotions with the location`s elements must surprise the tourist by stimulating all his senses. Although this leads to an efficient positioning and creates a competitive advantage, marketers have focused primarily on the visual and auditory senses, neglecting the other three senses of the consumer. Thus, instead of having brands with five sensory dimensions, today we have two-dimensional brands. This study`s ob...

  6. Corporate social responsibility in tourism - The most popular tourism destinations in Croatia: Comparative analysis

    Golja, Tea; Krstinic Nizic, Marinela

    2010-01-01

    In today's rapidly changing tourism market, it is getting more and more difficult for a destination to be competitive on the global level. Hotel companies, as well as tour operators have a very important role in creating the tourism product. Tourism companies should be able to create the tourism product whilst operating in a responsible way. With the implementation of a socially responsible business practice, tourism companies contribute to the achievement of sustainable tourism and, conseque...

  7. ANALYSIS OF TOURISM MOTIVATION TOWARD MARKET SEGMENTATION AND STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT OF BUCOVINA DESTINATION

    Elena BUHAC; Otilia-Maria BORDEIANU; Carmen Emilia CHAŞOVSCHI; Gerd HESSELMANN

    2011-01-01

    Bucovina is an important destination within Romania, in the North-East of the country. Since years, the core motivation for travelling to Bucovina was culture and nature.In the last period of time was a pressure for a continue development of tourism within the region. The government and tourism stakeholders are making a major commitment to developing the sector. Despite the good intentions, due a misunderstanding of tourism complexity, are invested efforts in developing tourism offers that ar...

  8. Screening of antibiotic residues in ewe milk destined to cheese by a commercial microbiological inhibition assay

    Yamaki, Miho; Berruga, M. Isabel; Althaus, Rafael Lisandro; Molina, Pilar; Molina, Ana

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Bulk ewe milk from Spanish dairy farms situated in the Castilla-La Mancha region, and destined to Protected Denomination of Origin (PDO) Manchego cheese, were analysed each month for antimicrobial residues during one year. For this study a microbiological assay specific for ewe milk (Eclipse ?100ov??) was used. The number of positive samples by the Eclipse ?100ov?? test was 2.6%. A second examination of positives following heat treatment at 82?C for 10 min showed a reduc...

  9. Diaspora engagement of African migrant health workers – examples from five destination countries

    Wojczewski, Silvia; Poppe, Annelien; Hoffmann, Kathryn; Peersman, Wim; Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Pentz, Stephen; Kutalek, Ruth

    2015-01-01

    Background Migrant health workers fill care gaps in their destination countries, but they also actively engage in improving living conditions for people of their countries of origin through expatriate professional networks. This paper aims to explore the professional links that migrant health workers from sub-Saharan African countries living in five African and European destinations (Botswana, South Africa, Belgium, Austria, and the United Kingdom) have to their countries of origin. Design Qualitative interviews were conducted with migrant doctors, nurses, and midwives from sub-Saharan Africa (N=66). A qualitative content analysis of the material was performed using the software ATLAS.ti. Results Almost all migrant health workers have professional ties with their countries of origin supporting health, education, and social structures. They work with non-governmental organizations, universities, or hospitals and travel back and forth between their destination country and country of origin. For a few respondents, professional engagement or even maintaining private contacts in their country of origin is difficult due to the political situation at home. Conclusions The results show that African migrant health workers are actively engaged in improving living conditions not only for their family members but also for the population in general in their countries of origin. Our respondents are mediators and active networkers in a globalized and transnationally connected world. The research suggests that the governments of these countries of origin could strategically use their migrant health workforce for improving education and population health in sub-Saharan Africa. Destination countries should be reminded of their need to comply with the WHO Global Code of Practice for the international recruitment of health professionals. PMID:26652910

  10. ICT based estimation of time-dependent origin-destination matrices

    Barceló Bugeda, Jaime; Montero Mercadé, Lídia; Marqués, Laura; Carmona, Carlos

    2011-01-01

    Time-Dependent Origin-Destination (OD) matrices are a key input to Dynamic Traffic Models, microscopic and mesoscopic traffic simulators are relevant examples of such models, traditionally used to assist in the design and evaluation of Traffic Management and Information Systems (ATMS/ATIS). Dynamic traffic models are also starting to be used to support real-time traffic management decisions. The typical approaches to the time-dependent OD estimation have been based either on ad hoc heuristics...

  11. TOURISTS' EXPERIENCES AND SPATIO-TEMPORAL EFFECTS ON THE DESTINATION IMAGE. A THEORETICAL MODEL

    Matos, Nelson; Mendes, Julio; Valle, Patrícia

    2014-01-01

    In the present era of social and media mobility the importance of meeting and exceeding the tourists’ needs by offering added value is a key factor to the future and sustainability of any region or tourism destination. However, the financial resources available are gradually scarcer and managers need to find alternative ways to provide added value at lower cost. One option at their disposal is to deliver unique and powerful experiences that may enable tourists to feel engaged with the destina...

  12. Destination reputation in online media: Covered topics and perceived online dominant opinion

    Marchiori, Elena; Cantoni, Lorenzo

    2013-01-01

    Context: Online public opinions using various forms of social media are generating challenges for the tourism industry, which is intrinsically a “reputation-dependent” domain. Electronic-word-of-mouth (eWOM) has forced destination managers to rethink branding strategies, suggesting a shift from an architecture brand perspective to a live context perspective where travel markets are considered to be conversations and the monitoring of online conversations constitutes the first phase of ...

  13. Strategic Brand Analysis in Destination Identity Context : A Case Study of Albania

    Ertörün, Erkan; Suma, Saimir

    2011-01-01

    Tourism industry is one of the most prominent industries at the moment. Globalization has been playing a big role by mainly diminishing traveling barriers between countries. This trend had brought also an increase in competition between countries to identify themselves and to define how they want to be perceived by the tourists. In this case, developing a clear destination brand identity is crucial for success. Brand identity and brand image are two concepts that are related to each other but...

  14. Project Success Evalutaion of Large Events from the Perspective of Destination Management Organizations

    Muehlbauer, Magdalena

    2014-01-01

    Due to confirming characteristics, events can be considered to be specification of projects. Large events are particularly described by their complexity and the many stakeholders involved. Because of these characteristics, the achievement as well as the evaluation of project success are extremely difficult. This is aggravated by the diverse perspectives on success by the many different stakeholders involved. A key stakeholders in large events are destination management/ marketing organization...

  15. Cosmologies of destinations: rootes and routes of Eritrean forced migration towards Europe

    Belloni, Milena

    2015-01-01

    Cosmologies of destinations investigates some commonly neglected dimensions of forced migration. It examines the key symbolic structures and social mechanisms which encourage and sustain the mobility trajectories of Eritreans from their home country to Ethiopia, Sudan, Italy and beyond. The central argument is that, in refugee-producing countries which suffer from protracted crisis and livelihood disruption, refugee movements become much more than a form of reactive mobility. Within these com...

  16. Where to Go on Your Next Trip? Optimizing Travel Destinations Based on User Preferences

    2015-01-01

    Recommendation based on user preferences is a common task for e-commerce websites. New recommendation algorithms are often evaluated by offline comparison to baseline algorithms such as recommending random or the most popular items. Here, we investigate how these algorithms themselves perform and compare to the operational production system in large scale online experiments in a real-world application. Specifically, we focus on recommending travel destinations at Booking.com, a major online t...

  17. The factors that Influence Participation and usage Decisions of Destination Management System (DMS) by regional SMTEs

    Hasan, Nazmul; Pasupuleti, Anil Kumar

    2012-01-01

    The tourist industry plays an immense role in the socio-economic development of different regions. Destination Management Systems (DMS) are significant in developing e-tourism. DMS integrate data from Small and Medium-Sized Tourism Enterprises (SMTEs) in order for tourists to find information about e.g. accommodation, restaurants and attractions of a certain location. Although being represented in a DMS has proven to be advantageous, not all SMTEs are participating in such systems. This thesi...

  18. Implications for Utilizing YouTube based Community Interactions for Destination Marketing

    Sambhanthan, Arunasalam; Thelijjagoda, Samantha; TAN, Joseph

    2013-01-01

    In recent time, YouTube has evolved into a powerful medium for social interaction. Utilizing YouTube for enhancing marketing endeavors is a strategy practiced by marketing professionals across several industries. This paper rationalizes on the different ways and means of leveraging YouTube-based platforms for effective destination marketing by the hospitality industry (hotels). More specifically, the typology of virtual communities is adapted to evaluate the YouTube platform for effective des...

  19. The appreciation of multilingual advertising for spanish tourist destination brands in the target market germany

    Beck, Linda

    2014-01-01

    The application of foreign language in advertising has become ever more common in advertising praxis. Scientific investigation about this phenomenon is however little. As foreign languages evoke associations and stereotypes in advertisee???s minds, this work investigates the effects of foreign language in one special kind of advertising; namely the one for destination brands. The latter bear the particular characteristic that the language applied in this kind of marketing co...

  20. SPORTS AS A 'GREEN PRODUCT' IN DESTINATION MARKETING: CASE OF WINDSURFINGIN CESME, TURKEY

    AKTAS, Gurhan; Banu ATREK; KURT, Sumeyra D.

    2015-01-01

    Within a wide array of academic and practical studies existing in the literature on sustainable tourism development, there is still a need for further research assessing the sustainability of different tourism forms and their components. It is the argument of this research that, in the fiercely competitive tourism sector, the implementation and management of sustainable tourism development plans would offer potential benefits to sports tourism destinations alongside a ‘greener’ competitive ad...

  1. Cross-border or online: Tax competition with mobile consumers under destination and origin principle

    Birg, Laura

    2015-01-01

    This paper studies the effect of an online retailer on spatial tax competition with mobile consumers. If taxation for online purchases follows the destination principle, the entry of the online retailer mitigates tax competition; if taxation for online purchases follows the origin principle, the entry of the online retailer enhances tax competition. Lower cost of online shopping enhances the effect of the online retailer on tax competition, limited internet access decreases the effect of the ...

  2. Network brand management : study of competencies of place branding ski destinations

    Moilanen, Teemu

    2008-01-01

    Several industries have turned to a network form of organization to coordinate complex products or services in uncertain and competitive environments, and the network form of organization also appears to be becoming more common in the field of branding. Examples of brands formed by a network of independent firms include One-World and Star Alliance brands in the airline industry, Verbier and Chamonix ski destination brands in tourism industry and the Santa Foods brand in food production. Many ...

  3. Ecological and Social Evaluation of Coastal Tourism Destination Development: A Case Study of Balekambang, East Java

    Luchman Hakim

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is an important sector in developing countries to support economic growth, and coastal areas are famous destinations in tourism. The plan and design for Balekambang coastal area as a tourism destination in East Java, Indonesia has been formulated and published. However, it seems lack ecological and social perspectives. This study examines coral reefs structure as one of the ecological parameter and tourist perspectives as social parameter for destination development evaluation. Twenty belt-transects were established along Balekambang coastline, and then divided into three sections, the east, the centre and the west sections. Every belt-transect was 200m in length and consists of 15 plots 1 x 2m. The tourist perspectives to Balekambang were determined using questionnaire among 234 respondents. Based on the Morisita similarity index, the coral reef of east section consists of 2 zones, the centre consists of 5 zones and west section consists of 4 zones. The Shannon diversity index (H’ among zones at every location was ranged. The diversity index of the east section ranged from 2.07 to 2.72, the central section ranged from 1.32 to 4.20, and the west section ranged from 3.13 to 4.20. Zones that were close to the coastline had lowest diversity indices than zones that located far from the coastline. Mostly, tourists stated that Balekambang was interesting, but the object of tourism should be added. Respondent knew there were forest surrounding Balekambang, and it has the possibility to develop as tourism destination. These findings argue that the forest conversion to cottage area that planned by the local government in the west section should be reviewed. It seems forest in the west section should be developed as a forest park to meet tourist needs and redistribute tourist concentration in the coastline. Keywords: Ecological and social evaluation, coastal, tourism, sustainable development, East Java.

  4. A Film Marketing Action Plan (FMAP) for Film Induced Tourism Destinations

    O'Connor, Noelle, (Thesis)

    2010-01-01

    This research study examines the impact of film induced tourism and destination branding on locations featured in popular films and television series. It also investigates the characteristics of film induced tourism and determines if the key film and tourism stakeholders support the integration of film into Yorkshire’s (UK) tourism product. Yorkshire was selected as the case study area, as it has been the film location for many popular television series and is the subject of much location res...

  5. American Perceptions of Sicily as a Tourist Destination as Experienced Through Film

    Thomas J. Puleo

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the ways in which residents in the United States perceive Sicily as a tourist destination based on representations of the island encountered through commercial cinema. Twelve participants viewed trailers or clips of twelve feature films and then rated their impressions of the people, places, activities, and moods of each piece. They then responded to an open-ended question about whether what they saw made them want to go to Sicily. Next, I reviewed each participant’s respo...

  6. Film and Tourism: an Information System for Disclosing the Cinematographic Attractiveness of Destinations

    Giulia Lavarone; Sandro Savino; Stefan Marchioro

    2016-01-01

    The Department of Cultural Heritage of the University of Padova investigated the topic of film-induced tourism in a year-long project, concluded in April 2015, titled Strumenti innovativi per la promozione turistica: film-induced tourism (Novel Tools to Promote Tourism: Film-induced Tourism). The project was financed by the Veneto Region through ESF funds. It brought together the expertise of film scholars, computer scientists and destination management experts, in partnership with public bod...

  7. The Image of Brazil as a Tourism Destination: An Exploratory Study of the American Market

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to evaluate the image of Brazil as a tourism destination as perceived by travel agents and tourism experts in the United States. The research was qualitative and exploratory, consisting of a literature review followed by an empirical investigation using in-depth interviews with travel agents and tourism experts located in the cities of New York, Miami, Orlando, and Atlanta. The findings reveal that images of Brazil have been converging in terms of diversity and ambigu...

  8. The Role of Marketing Mix Components in Destination Choices of Visitors and the Case of Dalyan

    ÖZER, Özgür

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of the eight components of the marketing mix, as being product, price, distribution, promotion, person, partnership, program and package, upon choice of a destination.For this research purpose, data was collected by face-to-face interviews and survey from 260 foreign tourists visiting the region of Dalyan. First, the marketing mix components were classified according to their importance determined by the arithmetic averages. Then, multiple regression ana...

  9. Destination directed packet switch architecture for a geostationary communication satellite network

    Ivancic, W. D.; Shalkhauser, M. J.; Bobinsky, E. A.; Soni, N. J.; Quintana, J. A.; Kim, H.; Wagner, P.; Vanderaar, M.

    1992-08-01

    A major effort at NASA/Lewis is to identify and develop critical digital technologies and components that enable new commercial missions or significantly improve the performance, cost efficiency, and/or reliability of existing and planned space comunications systems. NASA envisions the need for low data rate, direct to the user communications services, for data, facsimile, voice, and video conferencing. A report that focuses on destination directed packet switching architectures for geostationary communication satellites is presented.

  10. Undocumented Migration and the Residential Segregation of Mexicans in New Destinations1

    Hall, Matthew; Stringfield, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    This study uses data from the 2000 Census and 2005–2009 American Community Survey to examine the impact of undocumented Mexican migration to new destinations on residential segregation between Mexican immigrants and native-born whites and native-born blacks. We find that Mexican-white and Mexican-black segregation is higher in new Mexican gateways than in established areas and that, for Mexican-immigrant segregation from whites, this heightened level of residential segregation in new destinat...

  11. What factors affect the destination choice of Jordanian tourists?A panel data analysis

    Dudokh, Dana

    2008-01-01

    This paper investigates what factors affect the destination choice for Jordanian to 8 countries (Oman, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, Yemen, Egypt, Lebanon and Bahrain) using panel data analysis. Number of outbound tourists is represented as dependent variable, which is regressed over five explanatory variables using fixed effect model. The finding of this paper is that tourists from Jordan have weak demand for outbound tourism; Jordanian decision of traveling abroad is determined by the cost ...

  12. Voluntary Environmental Action and Export Destinations: The Case of Forest Certification

    Moeltner, Klaus; van Kooten, G. Cornelis

    2003-01-01

    There is an increasing tendency for forest product firms worldwide to adopt sound environmental management practices by voluntarily agreeing to have their forest practices certified by third parties. Using a simple model of profit maximization, we illustrate that the puzzling emergence of this non-state, self-imposed governance structure is compatible with firms' profit motives. An empirical model using firm data from three countries shows firm location and export destinations play a key role...

  13. Analyzing Total Demand for Specified Destinations : A Total Demand Analysis for an Airline Company

    Kecoglu, Onur; Sua, Melih

    2012-01-01

    The airline industry is a highly competitive market. Particularly after the major liberalization in the industry, the competition carried a step forward for all the concerned companies. Airline industry is a very dynamic market also; the expenses of a single operation may change substantially in a very short time period, which could be due to the fickle regulations or the fluctuation of oil prices. At any time, for a certain destination, a new airline company can start its operations and beco...

  14. Projected Destination Images on African Websites: Upgrading Branding Opportunities in the Global Tourism Value Chain

    2008-01-01

    This paper explores whether websites that offer a global audience virtual access to watering holes in game parks afford African nations opportunities to diminish their international isolation as tourism destinations. The present analysis examines a sample of almost 450 tourism websites representing Rwanda, Uganda and Mozambique. Two aspects are studied in particular: the websites’ technical and social infrastructures, including website ownership and networks, and website content, i.e. the pro...

  15. Destination based group Gray hole attack detection in MANET through AODV

    Avenash Kumar; Meenu Chawla

    2012-01-01

    MANET is vulnerable easily because of dynamic topology, infrastructure less and also due to lack of centralized administration. One of attack, gray hole attack which drop some selective data makes vulnerable to mobile ad hoc network. It is challenge to keep the no data loss free form this attack. This paper present the detection of group gray hole attack through destination based scheme when more than one malicious node are in a Mobile ad hoc network.

  16. Destination Marketing Organizations and Climate Change—The Need for Leadership and Education

    Rachel Dodds

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Destination Marketing Organizations (DMOs operate at many levels ranging from the national to the municipal and have evolved over the years to respond to the geographical and political realities that are associated with tourism supply. Alongside providing information to potential visitors, DMOs work to make a destination attractive by showcasing its unique aspects and attractions. As the appeal of destinations, cost of doing business and the destination brand may be affected by the possible effects of climate change, this study aims to identify opportunities and threats to municipal and provincial/territorial DMOs and their members as well as identify measures they are undertaking to address the potential impacts. A study conducted of Canada’s provincial and municipal large DMOs was conducted in 2009. This research found that awareness of climate change in Canada’s tourism industry is increasing, but more efforts must be undertaken to mitigate climate change. To address climate change and tourism, this paper suggests doing three things: (a DMOs need to demonstrate leadership about climate change education and mitigation to all their members; (b government policy and action are needed to provide incentives for industry to address climate change; and (c industry members require further education to take the steps necessary mitigate risk and to adapt. The internet has changed the DMOs’ roles and how they provide information to the consumer; as such, they have been presented with an opportunity to take on new roles as educational and marketing providers. This paper will outline in the current shifts among Canadian DMOs and will discuss the key issues that are applicable to DMOs worldwide.

  17. Linear Finite-Field Deterministic Networks With Many Sources and One Destination

    Butt, M. Majid; Caire, Giuseppe; Müller, Ralf R.

    2010-01-01

    We find the capacity region of linear finite-field deterministic networks with many sources and one destination. Nodes in the network are subject to interference and broadcast constraints, specified by the linear finite-field deterministic model. Each node can inject its own information as well as relay other nodes' information. We show that the capacity region coincides with the cut-set region. Also, for a specific case of correlated sources we provide necessary and sufficient conditions for...

  18. The Relationships among Tourist Novelty, Familiarity, Satisfaction, and Destination Loyalty: Beyond the Novelty-familiarity Continuum

    Masaki Toyama; Yuichi Yamada

    2012-01-01

    Novelty and familiarity play an important role in tourists’ perceptions, and these have been regarded as contrasting concepts for a long time. However, recent cognitive science literature suggests that novelty and familiarity are separate concepts, independently influencing consumer behavior. Based on this, our study aims to examine the differences between the effects of novelty and familiarity on satisfaction and destination loyalty. These relationships are explored by analyzing the response...

  19. The Image of Vietnam as a Tourism Destination for Malaysian Tourists

    Dang Hong Loi; Ilham Sentosa

    2014-01-01

    The main objective of this study is to finding the images of Vietnam tourism destination perceived by Malaysian tourists. The study based on replies to 599 questionnaires and the secondary data. The Structure Equation Modelling was employed to identify the relationship among the variables. The result of Confirmation Factor Analysis (CFA) shows the beneficiary images of Vietnam including of “interesting history and rich culture” “delicious cuisines and friendliness”. The negative images in Vie...

  20. Commodity Tax Competition and Tax Coordination Under Destination and Origin Principles

    Lockwood, Ben

    2000-01-01

    This paper proposes a general framework for analysing commodity tax competition under destination and origin principles, based on three possible tax spillovers: the consumer price spillover, the producer price/terms of trade spillover, and rent spillovers. A model is presented which can be extended to accommodate all three spillovers. Using this model, many of the results in the existing literature can be derived, compared, and extended.