WorldWideScience

Sample records for acque destinate al

  1. Analytical methods for drinking water; Metodi di analisi per le acque destinate al consumo umano

    Ottaviani, Massimo; Bonadonna, Lucia [Istituto Superiore di Sanita`, Rome (Italy). Lab. di Igiene Ambientale

    1997-03-01

    These analytical methods for drinking water were elaborated by the second Sub-commission of the Permanent study committee ex-article 9 of Italian Ministerial Decree (DM) of March 26, 1991, established at the Ministry of Health. The methods concern the chemical and microbiological parameters included in the C1, C2 and C3 controls of the Annex II of the Decree of the President of the Republic (DPR) 236/88.

  2. Possible nematode presence in italian drinking waters; La diffusione del problema nematodi in acque italiane destinate al consumo umano

    Volterra, L.; Aulicino, F.; Bernabei, S.; Mancini, L. [Istituto Superiore di Sanita, Rome (Italy)

    1996-09-01

    A programme on possible nematode presence in drinking waters was carried out in the framework of a collaboration with Sanitary Control Local Units and drinking water management and distribution laboratories. This paper refers results of water samples collected from 14 of these collaborating groups. Nematodes have been detected in about 80% of the analyzed samples notwithstanding the prevalence of groundwaters utilized as drinking water. The discussion reports suggestions about the hygienic judgment and the sanitary significance of this presence.

  3. Hygienic and health aspects of drinking water; Aspetti igienico-sanitari delle acque destinate al consumo umano

    Funari, Enzo; Ottaviani, Massimo [Istituto Superiore di Sanita`, Rome (Italy). Lab. di Igiene Ambientale

    1997-03-01

    The quality of drinking water is a rather complex issue and involves various disciplines. To adequately treat this problem, it is necessary to use an integrated approach. The normative aspects of the problem of drinking water are reported, indicating the perspectives included in the recent EEC proposal. Some of the main aspects of the risk to human health associated with the possible exposure, through drinking water, to chemical substances (carcinogenic and non carcinogenic), and biological agents (bacteria, viruses, algae, micro and macro invertebrates) are presented. Finally, some aspects of risk management are examined in order to indicate the preventive and control measures necessary to ensure the quality of drinking water (abstraction techniques, treatment processes, protection of groundwater).

  4. Water quality and MTBE water pollution; Evidenze di presenza di MTBE sulle acque sotterranee di aree a rischio

    Buiatti, M.; Mascini, M.; Monanni, R. [Florence Univ., Florence (Italy). Centro Interdipartimentale Biotecnologie Agrarie Chimiche Industriali; Agati, L.; Bartoli, C.; Bolletti, P.; Cortonesi, B.; Martinelli, L. [Agenzia Regionale per la Protezione dell' Ambiente della Toscana, Florence (Italy); Filipponi, M.; Piangoloni, A. [Nuove Acque SpA,, Arezzo (Italy); Mancini, G. [Autorita' di ambito territoriale ottimale n.4, Arezzo (Italy)

    2001-11-01

    The research project, here presented, was defined with the aim of evaluating the eventual presence of MTBE and the possible relative impact in water destined to human use; the territorial valence of the project was extended to the competence region n. 4 of the Tuscany water authority (AATO n. 4). University of Florence, ARPAT, AATO n. 4 and Nuove Acque SpA, in this role of manager for the integrated water cycle in the country, have productively contributed to the project. [Italian] La Nuove Acque SpA, soggetto gestore del ciclo idrico integrato, l'Universita' degli Studi di Firenze, l'Agenzia Regionale per la Protezione Ambientale e l'Autorita' di Ambito Territoriale hanno realizzato un progetto di verifica e messa a punto delle metodologie analitiche per il monitoraggio delle eventuali presenze di MTBE nelle acque, con particolare riferimento agli acquiferi sotterranei.

  5. Groundwater pollution with particular reference to the Italian situation; Inquinamento delle acque sotterranee con riferimento particolare alla situazione italiana

    Volterra, L. [Istituto Superiore di Sanita' , Rome (Italy)

    2000-01-01

    Italian groundwaters recharged under karstic soils, alluvional plains and volcanic areas are highly vulnerable. Microbial and biological contamination generally afflict mountain waters. Fertilisers and pesticides are typical pollutants of aquifers located under intensively cultivated soils. Hydrocarbons and solvent may pollute groundwaters situated under urban settlements, industrialised areas and highways. Many Italian groundwaters are naturally enriched with Radon. This will represent the emergent problem for Italian groundwaters destined to human consumption. [Italian] Le acque sotterranee italiane che si formano sotto suoli calcarei, pianure alluvionali e territori vulcanici fessurati sono assai vulnerabili. L'inquinamento microbiologico e biologico interessa per lo piu' le acque che scaturiscono in zone montane. L'inquinamento da fertilizzanti e pesticidi e' tipico degli acquiferi che si caricano sotto suoli intensivamente sfruttati sotto il profilo agricolo. Idrocarburi e solventi sono i contaminanti che si possono trovare in falde di aree densamente popolate e con alta intensita' di traffico. In futuro il problema emergente sara' il Radon di cui sono naturalmente arricchite molte delle acque sotterranee italiane.

  6. La gestione ecosostenibile delle acque: ruolo dell'università come consultente istituzionale

    Pavanelli, Donatella; Zamboni, Nicoletta

    2016-01-01

    La legge quadro 183 dell'89 presenta l'aspetto innovativo di avere, con la creazione delle Autorità di Bacino, collocato all'interno dei confini naturali del bacino idrografico gli ambiti della gestione delle acque, collegando fra loro la difesa del suolo, la difesa dalle acque e delle acque e gli usi. Tuttavia numerosi altri enti istituzionali sono coinvolti nella gestione e pianificazione delle acque, ricordiamone i principali: i Consorzi di bonifica, il Canale Emiliano Romagnolo, l'ARPA, i...

  7. Antonio Mollari, ingegnere in capo di Acque e Strade: disegni tecnici e progetti (1818-1819

    Orietta Verdi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Nei fondi conservati all’Archivio di Stato di Roma sono stati rintracciati più di 20 disegni di opere stradali e idrauliche di Antonio Mollari, oltre al suo curriculum vitae alla data del 1817, quando egli produsse i suoi titoli per partecipare alla selezione dei candidati per i posti di ingegnere pontificio, presso la Direzione Generale di Acque e Strade. Dai disegni firmati da Antonio Mollari e dalla documentazione conservata nel fondo del Consiglio d’Arte, organo consultivo della Direzione Generale, si può tentare di ricostruire brani sconosciuti della sua attività di perito di parte nelle controversie tra confinanti e soprattutto è possibile individuare le opere da lui progettate ed eseguite nella sua breve e intermittente carriera (1818-1819 di ingegnere in capo di Acque e Strade nella delegazione di Urbino e Pesaro e successivamente come ingegnere camerale nella legazione di Ravenna.In the funds retained in the State Archive of Rome, more than 20 designs of roads and hydraulic works by Antonio Mollari were discovered in addition to his curriculum vitae, dated 1817, where he lists his credentials to take part in the selection for the position of papal engineer at the General Directorate of Water and Roads. The drawings, signed by Antonio Mollari, and the records kept in the Found of the Council of Art, advisory body of the General Directorate, allow us to reconstruct his activities as expert witness in disputes between neighbours and especially to identify the works he designed and carried out in his short career (1818-1819 as engineer-in-chief of Water and Roads in the delegation of Urbino and Pesaro and later as an engineer chamber in the legation of Ravenna. 

  8. Destination Image and Destination Personality

    Hosany, S; Ekinci, Y; M Uysal

    2007-01-01

    This article investigates the relationship between brand image and brand personality. In the generic marketing literature, several theoretical frameworks exist to understand brand image and brand personality but still, much confusion surrounds the nature of the relationship between the two constructs. Drawing on the findings of two studies and using tourism destinations as a setting, this article contributes to this long-standing debate. Results indicate that destination image and destination...

  9. Coastal waters eutrophication in Emilia-Romagna region; Eutrofizzazione delle acque costiere dell'Emilia-Romagna. Rapporto 1999

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    During the first months of the year in the whole coastal area it was observed the recurring blooms of Diatom Skeletonema costatum. During 1999 the trophic index (TRIX) showed an increasing in comparison with the decreasing trend of the last 3 years. Hypoxia/anoxia affected the bottom waters in november: an important role was played by big amounts of river drifts deposited and by thermal stratification. These events locally created environmental problems like death of a number of the less mobile benthic sea-bed organisms such as mollusks. In summer local abnormal presence of macro algae occurred several times. The mucilaginous material was very poor and it was in floc-shaped in the deep waters of the offshore areas. [Italian] Nei primi mesi dell'anno in tutta l'area costiera si sono avute ricorrenti fioriture della Diatomea Skeletonema costatum. Nel 1999 l'Indice Trofico (TRIX) ha segnato un incremento rispetto al trend di diminuzione degli indici registrati negli ultimi 3 anni. Condizioni di anossia si sono avute a fine novembre nell'area settentrionale, determinate da consistenti apporti fluviali e da marcate stratificazioni saline sulla verticale con isolamento prolungato delle acque di fondo. I conseguenti effetti sull'ecosistema bentonico sono stati per lo piu' localizzati ed hanno riguardato organismi poco mobili come i molluschi in particolare il bivalve Chamaelea gallina. Episodi di proliferazione di macroalghe si sono verificati piu' volte nel periodo estivo. Scarsa la presenza di materiale mucillaginoso che si e' presentato con conformazioni a fiocchi nelle acque di fondo nelle stazioni al largo.

  10. Regards sur le Moyen Âge : le cinéma arabe à la recherche d’al-Andalus : Le Destin, de Youssef Chahine

    Abdelmajid Babakhouya

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available À travers son film Le Destin (1997 et le portrait d'Averroès (ibn Rushd, grand juge, philosophe et conseiller du calife al-Mansur, le réalisateur égyptien Youssef Chahine (1926-2008, évoque l'Andalousie du XIIe siècle et plus particulièrement la ville de Cordoue, capitale des Almohades et lieu d'affrontements entre extrémistes musulmans et savants soucieux de la diffusion des connaissances. Le recours au Moyen Âge est, pour le réalisateur, un moyen de «mieux saisir la complexité du présent ».

  11. Destination: Geology?

    Price, Louise

    2016-04-01

    "While we teach, we learn" (Roman philosopher Seneca) One of the most beneficial ways to remember a theory or concept is to explain it to someone else. The offer of fieldwork and visits to exciting destinations is arguably the easiest way to spark a students' interest in any subject. Geology at A-Level (age 16-18) in the United Kingdom incorporates significant elements of field studies into the curriculum with many students choosing the subject on this basis and it being a key factor in consolidating student knowledge and understanding. Geology maintains a healthy annual enrollment with interest in the subject increasing in recent years. However, it is important for educators not to loose sight of the importance of recruitment and retention of students. Recent flexibility in the subject content of the UK curriculum in secondary schools has provided an opportunity to teach the basic principles of the subject to our younger students and fieldwork provides a valuable opportunity to engage with these students in the promotion of the subject. Promotion of the subject is typically devolved to senior students at Hessle High School and Sixth Form College, drawing on their personal experiences to engage younger students. Prospective students are excited to learn from a guest speaker, so why not use our most senior students to engage and promote the subject rather than their normal subject teacher? A-Level geology students embarking on fieldwork abroad, understand their additional responsibility to promote the subject and share their understanding of the field visit. They will typically produce a series of lessons and activities for younger students using their newly acquired knowledge. Senior students also present to whole year groups in seminars, sharing knowledge of the location's geology and raising awareness of the exciting destinations offered by geology. Geology fieldwork is always planned, organised and led by the member of staff to keep costs low, with recent visits

  12. Advancing Destination Image

    Kock, Florian; Josiassen, Alexander; Assaf, A. George

    2016-01-01

    Knowledge of the mental representations that individuals hold about tourist destinations are important to understand their intentions. These mental destination representations have often been investigated by applying the concept of destination image. This study argues that the extant literature is...

  13. Destination Marketing and Management

    Kocková, Jitka

    2009-01-01

    Work presents the theoretical aspects of destination management and marketing. It defines the destination management and sustainable development of tourism. The work is applied to destination management and destination marketing in region Sokolovsko. For this destiaci is proposed marketing strategy and marketing mix.

  14. Rethinking Destination Image

    Josiassen, Alexander; Kock, Florian; Assaf, Albert G.;

    A central research question in tourism management concerns tourist’s choice of specific destinations. The present article reviews the extant literature on destination image. From this review we suggest that individuals have a multitude of destination associations – the total imagery which relates...... to the destination and label this concept destination imagery. Individuals also hold an overall image used as a heuristic or a mental short-cut which is labeled destination image. The concepts of destination imagery and destination image are distinct, yet they have often been conflated within the...... literature. The article further provides an extensive review of the literature with regard to the definitions, dimensionality, antecedents, and outcomes of the focal concepts as well as geographical scope of destination imagery and image studies and methodologies. This review has led to a novel understanding...

  15. TOURIST DESTINATION MANAGEMENT

    Karmen Andrea MEZEI

    2009-01-01

    Tourism development has environmental and social consequences upon local and global communities. The impact of tourism must be kept within certain limits which are set up by sustainable tourism. Meanwhile the viability of the investment must be assured. Tourism development matrix is the tourist destination. Destination management must ensure the balance between economic, social, cultural, and environmental activities. Competitive destination management organization means a harmonious combinat...

  16. Unmanageable Tourism Destination Brands?

    Blichfeldt, Bodil Stilling

    2003-01-01

    Increasingly researchers and practitioners adopt branding to build and manage tourism destination images. However, we have yet to ask the question: Is it pos-sible to build and/or manage destination brands? This crucial question is ad-dressed by means of: (1) recourse to the origins of branding; (2) explication of fundamental differences between such origins and destinations; and (3) e-xemplification by means of resident-tourist interactions. The answer offered by this paper is that destinati...

  17. Destination Personality: An Application of Brand Personality to Tourism Destinations

    Ekinci, Yuksel; Hosany, Sameer

    2006-01-01

    In an increasingly competitive tourism market place, destination marketers face the challenge of attracting tourists through destination branding and destination personality building practices. As places become substitutable, destination personality, defined as the set of human characteristics associated with a destination, is seen as a viable metaphor for crafting a destination’s unique identity. At the conceptual level, the importance of destination personality has been widely acknowledged,...

  18. TOURIST DESTINATION MANAGEMENT

    Karmen Andrea MEZEI

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism development has environmental and social consequences upon local and global communities. The impact of tourism must be kept within certain limits which are set up by sustainable tourism. Meanwhile the viability of the investment must be assured. Tourism development matrix is the tourist destination. Destination management must ensure the balance between economic, social, cultural, and environmental activities. Competitive destination management organization means a harmonious combination between planning, lobby, coordination and marketing (promotion. The recommendation of an integrated meta plan for Romanian balneal spa could be the choice for a successful tourism development.

  19. Destination image, image at destination. Methodological aspects

    Pablo Díaz-Rodríguez; Agustín Santana-Talavera; Alberto Jonay Rodríguez-Darias

    2013-01-01

    Today, the part played by the image in the development of tourism, and, specially, as a differentiation element of a destination area is widely acknowledged. This is reflected to a great extent in the literature that focuses its interest on identifying the variables that motivate the purchase or stimulate the decision process. However, the reference to feedback processes or image control mechanisms as well as their creation, is surprising. An approach model to these processes will be exposed ...

  20. Monitoraggio satellitare della qualità delle acque dei mari toscani: l’attività del progetto MOMAR

    C. Lapucci; Maselli, F.; Brandini, C.; L. Massi; Nuccio, C. De; A. Ortolani; Gozzini, B.; F. POLONELLI

    2012-01-01

    Nell’ambito del progetto MOMAR l’attività di monitoraggio satellitare ha previsto la messa a punto di un sistema semioperativo di valutazione della qualità delle acque dei mari Ligure e Tirreno antistanti la Toscana, basato sulle concentrazioni della biomassa fitoplanctonica, stimata mediante la concentrazione della clorofilla (Chl), della sostanza organica disciolta cromoforica (CDOM) e del materiale particellato non fitoplanctonico (NAP).In particolare è stata valutata la stima della Chl...

  1. TOURISM MANAGEMENT AND DESTINATION IMAGE

    Amit Kumar

    2014-01-01

    Destination marketing is the process of communication with potential visitors to influence their destination preferences intention to travel their final destination. The information intensive nature of tourism industry suggests an important role for the internet the web Technology in the promotion and marketing of destination. The marking strategies are considered within the context of prevailing images tourist sites and the important attachment to destination images and brands...

  2. Drinking water pollution. DNA effects reproductive disorders; Inquinamento delle acque potabili. Effetti sul DNA e sulla riproduzione umana

    Monarca, S.; Zani, C. [Brescia Univ., Brescia (Italy). Dipt. di Medicina Sperimentale ed Applicata, Sez. Igiene; Mantovani, A. [Istituto Superiore di Sanita' , Rome (Italy); Righi, E.; Aggazzotti, G. [Modena Univ., Modena (Italy). Dipt. di Scienze Igienistiche, Microbiologiche e Biostatiche

    2001-06-01

    Experimental studies have revealed in drinking water the presence of mutagenic/carcinogenic compounds, such as pesticides, organic solvents, heavy metals and disinfection by-products and epidemiological studies have found cancer risk for populations exposed to these contaminants. Moreover, researches have shown reproductive and developmental hazards for people who consume drinking water containing endocrine disrupting chemicals. The aim of this review is to describe and evaluate the health hazards arisen from the human exposure to these drinking water pollutants potentially able to damage DNA and produce adverse reproductive effects. [Italian] Il monitoraggio delle sostanze genotossiche nelle acque potabili e' ormai una tecnica matura, applicata in numerosi laboratori in tutto il mondo che analizzano di routine le acque potabili. Gli stessi Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater statunitensi nel 1995 hanno introdotto per la prima volta l'indicazione del test di Ames come test di riferimento per condurre indagini di mutagenesi nelle acque. Negli ultimi anni ricerche sperimentali ed epidemiologiche hanno messo in luce un nuovo problema legato all'inquinamento idrico: la presenza di composti che producono effetti dannosi sulla salute riproduttiva umana. Grazie anche all'incremento degli studi sperimentali di tossicologia della riproduzione, un numero crescente di composti sono stati identificati come possibili fattori di rischio per la fertilita' e lo sviluppo. Inoltre alcune indagini epidemiologiche hanno rilevato possibili effetti dannosi sulla salute riproduttiva in gruppi di donne esposte a contaminanti idrici. Metodiche biologiche sempre piu' sofisticate sono in fase di sperimentazione e si spera che in futuro possano essere applicate anche per il monitoraggio degli inquinanti idrici tossici per la riproduzione umana.

  3. Destination Image of Goa

    Jaisinghani, Deepika

    2008-01-01

    Goa's tourism marketers are under pressure to diversify the tourist arrivals beyond the current heavy reliance on tourists who are looking for cheap sun-sand-sea destinations and increasing the competition in the seaside resort market from neighbouring countries such as Sri Lanka, Thailand and Malaysia. Therefore it is imperative to develop a repositioning strategy by altering certain aspects of the current image or highlighting aspects of Goa that are not included in the current image. ...

  4. Consumption Values and Destination Evaluation in Destination Decision Making

    Vasyl Denys; Júlio Mendes

    2014-01-01

    Consumption values have received little attention in the tourism literature, comparing to such determinants of the consumer behavior as motivations, pull and push factors, satisfaction, quality, or destination image, etc. This study attempts to analyze consumption values and their types, and the influence that they have on the destination decision making and, particularly, on the destination choice. Current work brings new insights about the role of consumption values in detrmining preference...

  5. Travel Photography: Destination Workshop

    Pradhan, Mukul

    2016-01-01

    Travel photography is a growing and highly popular form of tourism in most parts of the world but despite huge potentials, certain places in the world have yet to capitalize on this opportunity. Among these destinations, Nepal, a country filled with breath-taking landscape and ever-vibrant and growing urban cities has done little to provide this experience of trav-el photography to travelers. Hence, the goal of this Bachelor’s thesis was to develop an at-tractive, affordable and unforgettable...

  6. TOURIST DESTINATION BRANDING

    Andrijana Mrkaić

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper shows how the branding,as a process that identifies destinations and allowstourists to make a good choice between differentalternatives, fits into the contemporary marketingconcept. Movement of people and their urge totravel are biological needs which offer relaxationto tourists and result in greater cultural knowledge.Tourism is also reflected as social politics, throughthe benefits for employees. Tourism is ofimportance and branding makes it more expressed,because it is the brand through which numerousmarketing activities are coordinated, in order tobuild value and meet the expectations of tourists.Branding in tourism is a dynamic category that isin constant evolution, which requires better brandmanagement and strengthening and revitalizationof the brand.

  7. Global forces shaping destination formation

    Laesser, Christian

    2005-01-01

    Contents: The framework in which we have to operate: Globalisation What do destinations/ locations have to do now? Historical background of the theoretical discussion on the setup and promotion of successful locations Destination Marketing: Creating, fostering and promoting a successful location-bound network Managing networks in the case of a DMO

  8. Network Analysis of Cooperation in Tourism Destinations

    Gajdošík Tomáš

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Globalisation on the tourism market causes that the competition is not formed only between stakeholders in a destination, but more and more it is created among destinations. Therefore tourism stakeholders in a destination have to act together and cooperate. The cooperative behaviour of destination stakeholders is seen as a main prerequisite of applying the cooperative destination management, which influences the competitiveness of destination on tourism market.

  9. Destination image of Tanzania among Finnish tourists

    Heinola, Tiina

    2015-01-01

    This thesis is a research about the destination image of Tanzania. It aims at finding out what Finnish tourists know about the destination, what are their first reactions and their thoughts of and interest towards the destination. The thesis is commissioned by RHEA, a responsible tourism intermediary in Finland. The theory part of the thesis divides into Tanzania as a tourism destination and destination image theory. In the Tanzania section, the destination is handled through different ap...

  10. Destination image and key drivers of perceived destination attractiveness

    Josip Mikulić

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available In this exploratory study authors combine several approaches to explore the images of two highly attractive tourist destinations: Hawai’i and Croatia. Two convenience samples were used: the image of Hawai’i was measured among Croatian undergraduate business students, and the image of Croatia was measured among Hawaiian tourism students. Functional and psychological image components were assessed at both a holistic and the attribute level. In addition, an importance-perception analysis was performed to assess the degree to which the destination image at the attribute level coincides with the students’ perception of an optimal destination. Finally, the authors conduct an importance grid analysis to explore the key drivers of the overall perceived destination attractiveness. The results provide a detailed insight into the images of Croatia and Hawaii, and reveal several interesting differences between the two student samples.

  11. Positioning Malaysia as a Tourist Destination Based on Destination Loyalty

    Mahadzirah Mohamad; Abdul Manan Ali; Nur Izzati Ab Ghani; Ahmad Rusdi Abdullah; Safiek Mokhlis

    2012-01-01

    This study was conducted to ascertain the image of Malaysia as a tourist destination and examines the construct’s influence on tourists’ destination loyalty. Questionnaires were distributed to the departing foreign tourists at two of Malaysia’s international airports. The collected data was analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The findings of the study indicate that Malaysia was perceived as providing an adventurous holiday with the chance to see wildlife, nice beaches and offer...

  12. Scenarios Analysis of Tourism Destinations

    Anastasios Michailidis

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This study describes a multi-criteria decision-making framework employed to evaluate and rank three tourism destinations, located in the northern and central Greece. Additionally, innovatory elements are the incorporation of differing levels of socioeconomic data (destination image and destination personality within the decision framework and the direct determination of the PROMETHEE II preference thresholds. The developed methodology provides a user-friendly approach, promotes the synergy between different stakeholders, and could pave a way towards consensus. The main aim of this study was to describe the design implementation and use of a Decision Support System (D.S.S, which applies new methodological approaches for the evaluation and ranking of several tourism destinations.

  13. Destination Competitiveness: Evidence from Bali

    Chin, Wei Lee; Haddock-Fraser, Janet; Hampton, Mark P.

    2015-01-01

    Within the dynamic global tourism industry, understanding the reasons for a destination’s competitiveness is essential in order to enhance its performance, facilitate more effective destination management, and inform its overall sustainable economic development. This paper applies Kim and Wicks’ (2010) tourism cluster development model to Bali - a small, mature destination in the developing economy of Indonesia. It demonstrates that there are complex relationships between: (i) cluster actors;...

  14. Emotions, Motivations and Destination Positioning

    Marques, Carlos Duarte Coelho Peixeira

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents a latent two-factor (pleasantness and arousal) model that successfully explains the affective perception of the routine daily environment by visitors to Douro Valley, a widely known wine region whose cultural landscape has been acknowledged as World Heritage, and is becoming an emergent tourism destination. Visitors more often attribute agitation related emotions to their home environment and pleasant low activated emotions to the destination. Level of urbanization of tour...

  15. Destination Website eMetrics

    Horan, Patrick; Frew, Andrew

    2007-01-01

    The priority of the research is thus to establish which criteria are important for destination websites and to determine a mechanism for their measurement. These criteria are divided into both macro- and micro- level metrics which each combine to provide information that is actionable from a business’ perspective. This work lays the foundation for the anticipated outcome of this research, a robust methodology for measuring the effectiveness of destination websites coupled with a suite of acti...

  16. Corrosiveness and treatment of the Italian natural waters. Geology of the aquifers; Corrosivita' e trattamento di acque naturali italiane. Geologia degli acquiferi

    Allievi, F.; Joppi, F.; Romagnoli, M. (Italy)

    2000-12-01

    In Italy there are about 8.000 Communes and about 6.000 administrations of aqueducts. The Italian law on the field of water foresees the reorganization of water services based on suitable territorial circles in the respect for the unity of the hydro graphic basin, the overcoming management fragmentation and the achievement of suitable managerial dimensions. This law begins to be put into practice only these days. Changing is very difficult and complex if it is considered as the first measure, it is necessary to eliminate the actual about 6.000 administrations and to constitute about 200 new managers (public and private). Steel pipes internal corrosion is considered quoting 130 aqueducts, installed in 7 Regions in the North of Italy. These water steel pipings are considered not protected inside, because the internal bitumen layer is removed by the piped water, as it's a temporary protection. The risks of corrosion of these aqueducts are eliminated if an adherent ferric-calcic deposit has formed on the metallic wall. This data concern the activity, on this matter, of the Service Corrosion and Protection of an Italian producer, leader in the steel pipes manufacturing, within the span of about 30 years (1959-1987) and the activity of reporters from 1988 to day. [Italian] Sono esaminati i casi di corrosione interna riscontrati su 130 casi di acquedotti italiani in acciaio. Viene indicata la localizzazione sul territorio dell'Italia Settentrionale, Centrale ed Insulare di acque corrosive per biossido di carbonio aggressivo, insufficienza di ossigeno, presenza di ferrobatteri e di solfobatteri, in relazione alle caratteristiche geologiche degli acquiferi. Sono descritti i trattamenti anticorrosivi effettuati sull'acqua e la loro efficacia per il controllo del processo corrosivo stesso. Viene evidenziato lo stato critico dei gestori di piccoli acquedotti che non hanno le strutture per risolvere adeguatamente i problemi della corrosione interna delle

  17. Rocket Rendezvous at Preassigned Destinations with Optimum

    T. N. Srivastava

    1982-10-01

    Full Text Available The problem of rendezvous of an interceptor rocket vehicle through optimal exit path with a destination rocket vehicle at a preassigned location on the destination orbit has been investigated for non-coaxial coplanar elliptic launch and destination orbits in an inverse square gravitational field. The case, when launch and destination orbits are coplanar circular, is also discussed. In the end numerical results for rendezvous have been obtained taking Earth and Mars orbits as launch and destination orbits respectively.

  18. Conference destination selection in the corporate sector

    Hagen, Jeanette; Jøraandstad, Marianne

    2012-01-01

    The study has an overall focus on the selection of conference destinations for the corporate sector. The main research question is: What factors influence the conference destination selection and how do they relate? Under this we investigated three areas; the destination factors ranking on importance, relationships between destination factors and intervening factors, and differences on the importance levels of destination factors across the groups of the intervening factors. Most empirical...

  19. Tutorial: Nanomedicine: destination or journey?

    Haberzettl, C. A.

    2002-08-01

    Nanomedicine in a broad sense is the application of nano-scale technologies to the practice of medicine. The creation of nanodevices such as nanobots capable of performing therapeutic functions in vivo is a destination within the emerging field of nanomedicine. On the journey to that destination, significant technological advances across multiple scientific disciplines continue to be proposed, validated and commercialized. Advances in delivering therapy, miniaturization of analytical tools, improved computational and memory capabilities and developments in remote communications will be integrated allowing for the development of such nanobots. Nanomedicine is both a destination and a journey. The journey will cross new frontiers, uncover new knowledge and bring new horizons to the understanding and practice of medicine.

  20. Destination Image and Destination Personality: An Application of Branding Theories to Tourism Places

    Hosany, S; Ekinci, Y; M Uysal

    2006-01-01

    This study investigates the relationship between destination image and destination personality. While brand image and brand personality studies is well documented in the generic marketing literature, application of branding theories to places, in particular to tourism destinations, is relatively new. Using tourism destinations as a setting, this study contribute to the debate on the brand image – brand personality relationship. Results indicate that destination image and destination personali...

  1. Responsibilities of the destination country

    Cecilia M Bailliet

    2006-01-01

    According to UNHCR’s Recommended Principles and Guidelines for Human Rights and Human Trafficking,1 human rights must be at the heart of counter-trafficking measures. Destination countries may need to reassess strategies to ensure that they conform to international standards and provide better protection to the victims of trafficking.

  2. DESTINATION BRANDING THROUGH BUSINESS TOURISM

    Doriana, MORAR

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Considering the fat that a rate of up to 70% of tourists visiting Romania have a professional motivation, the present papers intends to provide an overview of the advantages held by Romania for offering tourists the proper conditions for spending quality time in this emerging country. Within the present article, the authors provide to readers an overview regarding destination branding, business travel and the critical elements in achieving economic advantages over competing regions/countries; the article emphasizes the fact that -intelligently exploited-, business tourism can be an element of prosperity within the tumultuous period of time through which Romania and other emerging states are crossing nowadays. The results of this paper work are focused on the identifying, analysing and correlating the main factors that can influence a destination' development through its propulsion as a brand destination for business tourism. Generally speaking, the paper approaches aspects regarding business tourism. The methodology used in order to write the present article is limited to the collection and processing empirical data and information. In this regard, the literature in the field has been reviewed, so that the authors could identify and expose the importance of destination branding through business travel for sustainable development in Romania.

  3. Customer-based brand equity: The Effect of Destination Image on Preference for Products Associated with a Destination Brand

    Lim, Yu Mi

    2009-01-01

    Due to highly competitive destination markets, destination branding techniques are becoming popular among destination marketers. The destination marketers tend to leverage their destination brand value to other products associated with the destination brand (referred to as brand extension). This thesis investigated how customer-based brand equity for a tourist destination can be transferred to products associated with a destination brand. Specifically, the effect of destination image on p...

  4. Destination image and key drivers of perceived destination attractiveness

    Josip Mikulić; Darko Prebežac

    2008-01-01

    In this exploratory study authors combine several approaches to explore the images of two highly attractive tourist destinations: Hawai’i and Croatia. Two convenience samples were used - the image of Hawai’i was measured among Croatian undergraduate business students, and the image of Croatia was measured among Hawaiian tourism students. Functional and psychological image components were assessed at both a holistic and the attribute level. In addition, an importance-perception analysis was pe...

  5. Practice of Internet Marketing in Destination Branding

    Duong, Linh

    2012-01-01

    This study provides information about destination branding and the effect of Internet marketing on tourism. Tourism branding generates interest in a destination as well as, investments and reputation. Destination branding with the support of Internet marketing is a new way of maximizing profit. The advantages of Internet marketing include speed and efficiency due to sharing and contributing functions. The aims of the research were to figure out the importance of destination branding stra...

  6. La cartografia delle acque nel primo atlante ambientale della Campania 2003

    Onorati, G.; Di Meo, T.; Giovinazzi, F.; Imperatrice, M. L.; Mainolfi, P.; Scarponi, F.

    2016-01-01

    L'Atlante Ambientale della Campania è uno strumento di sintesi della II Relazione sullo Stato dell'Ambiente volto a fornire, in modo diretto e leggibile, le informazioni ambientali legate al territorio. La georeferenziazione dei dati ambientali è infatti ormai il presupposto per qualsiasi analisi territoriale dello stato degli ecosistemi e delle pressioni antropiche sulle risorse naturali. Nell'ottica di politiche mirate ad uno sviluppo sostenibile è pertanto fondamentale disporre di informaz...

  7. Impact of export destinations on firm performance

    Cebeci, Tolga

    2014-01-01

    This paper evaluates the role of export destinations on productivity, employment, and wages of Turkish firms by comparing the performance of firms that export to low-income destinations and high-income destinations with firms that do not export. A combination of propensity score matching and difference-in-differences methods are employed on a rich set of firm observables, including sector,...

  8. DESTINATION DEVELOPMENT FOR CRUISING TOURISM

    Luković, Tihomir; Asić, Antun; Šperanda, Ivo

    2015-01-01

    Cruising tourism is the largest growing tourism sub-system. The importance of cruising tourism should be viewed in a far wider context than tourism itself. Namely, cruising tourism is maintained by numerous shareholders whose interests need to be reassured for the purpose of sustainable destination development. Tourism’s sub-system, cruise ships, in comparison to the sub-system of coastal tourism, has its own specifics which may easily prove contradictory in itself and thus compromise sustain...

  9. Space Transportation and Destination Facilities

    Smitherman, David; McClure, Wallace

    1999-01-01

    The Space Transportation and Destination Facilities section focused on space transportation vehicles-from use of existing vehicles to development of specialized transports-and on space stations, space business parks, space hotels, and other facilities in space of the kind that eventually would provide services for general public space travel (PST) and tourism. For both transportation and destination facilities, the emphasis was on the identification of various strategies to enable a realistic incremental progression in the development and acquisition of such facilities, and the identification of issues that need resolution to enable formation of viable businesses. The approach was to determine the best: (1) Strategies for general PST and tourism development through the description and analysis of a wide range of possible future scenarios. With these scenarios in mind the section then identified. (2) Key issues to be explored. (3) opportunities to eliminate barriers. (4) Recommendations for future actions. (5) Top-level requirements and characteristics for general PST and tourism systems and services that would guide the development of transportation and destination facilities.

  10. Impact of Tourist Perceptions, Destination Image and Tourist Satisfaction on Destination Loyalty: A Conceptual Model

    Rajesh, R.

    2013-01-01

    The objective this research paper is develops a destination loyalty theoretical model by using tourist perception, destination image and tourist satisfaction. These study analysis components, attributes, factor influencing the destination image and examine the tourist satisfaction and determinants of destination loyalty. This is a conceptual paper attempts at evaluating recent empirical on destination image, tourist satisfaction and loyalty. The conceptual framework model is developed on the ...

  11. Removal of toxic organic micropollutants from lake water used for human consumption in Lombardy; La rimozione dei microinquinanti organici in acque utilizzate a scopo potabile

    Guzzella, L. [Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerca sulle Acque, Brugherio, MI (Italy); Monarca, S.; Feretti, D. [Brescia Univ., Brescia (Italy). Dipt. di Matematica Sperimentale ed Applicata, Sez. di Igiene

    2001-02-01

    The research goal was the evaluation of innovative potabilization treatments to remove toxic organic micropollutants from Como lake water. The adsorption on granular activated carbon (GAC) and on ion exchange resins were compared to advanced oxidation processes (AOP). The treated water samples were analysed by mutagenicity test, toxicity assay and gas chromatographic analyses. The results showed a decrease of mutagenic activity due to the absorption on GAC and resin Ambersorb 563. No mutagenic activity was observed by joining GAC adsorption step to the AOP processes. Similar results were obtained by toxicological analysis. [Italian] In questa ricerca sono stati sperimentati differenti trattamenti di rimozione dei microinquinanti organici dalle acque del Lago di Como utilizzate a scopo potabile. Sono state confrontate sia tecniche di adsorbimento su carbone attivo e resine che tecniche di ossidazione avanzata (AOP). Le acque sono state analizzate con test di mutagenicita' e di tossicita' e per via gascromatografica. I risultati ottenuti hanno evidenziato un maggiore abbattimento della mutagenicita'/tossicita' in seguito ai trattamenti con carbone attivo e resina Ambersorb 536. Con il trattamento AOP si osserva la formazione di sottoprodotti mutageni che sono rimossi associando un passaggio su carbone attivo.

  12. Impact of Tourist Perceptions, Destination Image and Tourist Satisfaction on Destination Loyalty: A Conceptual Model

    R Rajesh

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective this research paper is develops a destination loyalty theoretical model by using tourist perception, destination image and tourist satisfaction. These study analysis components, attributes, factor influencing the destination image and examine the tourist satisfaction and determinants of destination loyalty. This is a conceptual paper attempts at evaluating recent empirical on destination image, tourist satisfaction and loyalty. The conceptual framework model is developed on the basis of existing theoretical and empirical research in the field of destination marketing. The models include four constructs. Tourist Perception constructs has been influenced by factors like Historical and Cultural Attractions, Destination Affordability, Travel Environment, Natural Attractions, Entertainments and Infrastructure. Destination image construct has been influenced by factors like Infrastructure & Facilities, Heritage Attractions, Natural Made Attractions, Destination Safety & Cleanness, Friendly Local Community & Clam Atmosphere, Rejuvenation and Service Price and Affordability. The satisfaction construct has been influenced by factors like Entertainments, Destination Attractions and Atmosphere, Accommodation, Food, Transportation Services and Shopping. The destination loyalty construct has influenced by intentions to revisit, word of mouth promotion and recommending to others . The earlier study result reveals that tourist perception, destination image and tourist satisfaction directly influence destination loyalty. The outcomes of the study have significant managerial implications for destination marketing managers.

  13. The destinal question of language

    Saitya Brata Das

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available How can we think the destinal place of language in the essentially historical condition of our existence if such historicity cannot be understood on the basis of the labor of negativity alone? The attempt is made here to think language in a more originary manner, as non-negative finitude, that affirms what is outside dialectical-speculative closure, what is to come. The notion of 'destinal' itself is thus transformed. No longer being merely a categorical grasp of "entities presently given", language is an originary exposure to the event of arrival in its lightning flash. Destiny appears as that of the messianic arrival of the 'not yet' which is not a telos that the immanent movement of historical reason reaches by an irresistible force of the negative. This essay reads Schelling, Heidegger and Kierkegaard to think language as a "place" of exposure to the non-teleological destiny that may erupt even today, here and now, without any given conditionality.Como nós podemos pensar o lugar destinal da linguagem na condição essencialmente histórica de nossa existência se tal historicidade não pode ser entendida com base apenas no trabalho da negatividade? Faz-se aqui a tentativa de pensar a linguagem de um modo mais originário, como finitude não negativa, que afirma o que se encontra fora do fechamento dialético-especulativo, o que está por vir. A própria noção de 'destinal' é então transformada. Não sendo mais apenas uma apreensão categorial de "entidades presentemente dadas", a linguagem é uma exposição originária ao evento da chegada em seu instante iluminador. O destino aparece como o da chegada messiânica do 'ainda não' que não é um telos que o movimento imanente da razão histórica atinge por meio de uma irresistível força do negativo. Este ensaio lê Schelling, Heidegger e Kierkegaard para pensar a linguagem como um "lugar" de exposição ao destino não teológico que pode irromper mesmo hoje, aqui e agora, sem

  14. Destination Image : Marketing of Finland

    Siegismund, Daniela

    2013-01-01

    Finland is known almost everywhere in the world as a cold snowbound location that would most be suitable for winter holidays. This bachelor’s thesis seeks to analyse destination marketing of Finland and the factors that have led to this image and reputation. Especially important in this thesis is the image of Finland and its perception from the view of potential German customers. The goal was to identify reasons based on the author’s assumption for an image of Finland as mainly a winter locat...

  15. Internal Brand Management of Destination Brands

    Cox, Natasha; Gyrd-Jones, Richard; Gardiner, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    Achieving a consistent brand experience across a destination and all brand-touch points is a major challenge in destination branding efforts. Strategies to manage the complexity of coordination across multiple network stakeholders are therefore critical for destination management organisations....... However, theories to inform these strategies are limited. This paper proposes that internal brand management theory provides a framework to explore strategies that may increase operator buy-in to the destination brand, thus creating a more consistent brand experience for visitors. Semi......-structured interviews with members of a destination brand network indicate that highly centralised networks hinder operator buy-in to the destination brand. Informal communication via more personalised sub-networks rather than directive leadership appear to facilitate knowledge sharing and create support mechanisms...

  16. TOURIST MOTIVATION FOR RURAL DESTINATIONS

    Angela BOTEZATU

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available City daily overexertion impels tourists wish to travel. Rural tourism behavior is determined by a set of motivational factors that makes him appreciate favorable tourist destinations. In order to analyze and assess the opinions and attitudes of tourists in rural areas we realized a market survey, the results being presented in the article below. Future trends, the growth rate of market depend largely on the wishes and intentions of goods or services consumers. This study involves the engagement of a number of 658 respondents, which were interviewed to determine the basic motivations in choosing countryside. The working methods used were analysis, synthesis and questionnaire survey as a research method. Results refer to the following: about 59 percent, spend up to 10% of annual income for vacations and travel, for rural tourism this amount is much lower; the association of the term „rural tourism” in the local tourist mind, oscillates among „a villa” in rural areas or „active vacation” (biking, hiking, riding, swimming or hunting; customer loyalty is one of the goals of marketing activities undertaken in hostels or other travel service providers. In conclusion, we mention that the variety of motivational factors in choosing tourist destinations in rural areas drive this type of tourism.

  17. Projected Images of Major Chinese Outbound Destinations

    Hsu, Cathy H.C.; Song, Hanqun

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed to explore the projected images of major outbound destinations based on popular travel magazines in China. Travel articles on Hong Kong, Macau, Japan, South Korea, Vietnam and Taiwan from 2006 to 2008 were content analyzed. Japan was reported on most, and the projected images of the six destinations are dominated by leisure and recreation, and culture, history and art. Correspondence analysis was used to examine relationships between destinations and popular image attributes....

  18. Destination Competitiviness: A Framework for Future Research

    Ramona GRUESCU; Roxana NANU; Gheorghe PIRVU

    2009-01-01

    The paper envisages aspects concerning identification of the competitive advantage of a tourist destination from a double perspective: the critical contribution of the employees and the ICT impact on promoting and selling the destination. Research methodology includes ‘bottom to top’ analysis of the mentioned indicators. Thus, results include the eficientisation of tourist businesses and destinations due to both human element development and ICT technologies. Two essential basis of the compet...

  19. Destination Strategy Marketing Analysis for Seaside Tourism

    HUO Jiaying

    2009-01-01

    Seaside tourism has become one of the popular tourism destinations to the tourists. It is necessary for manager to study the strategy marketing of seaside tourism destination to promote the seaside tourism. This paper examines the characteristics of seaside tourism and uses the SWOT to analyze the strengths, weakness, opportunities and treats of seaside tourism. Then, the challenges of seaside tourism destination are introduced and should be noticed by the marketing managers.

  20. IMAGE CONSTRUCTION OF LAGGING TOURIST DESTINATION

    Li, Yongjun

    2007-01-01

    Tourist destination image, as tourists integrated subjective cognition and evaluation, directly influences tourist choices for destinations. This paper discusses the existing problems such as indefinition of target market, unperfection of product and lack of competitive analysis at the very beginning of lagging tourist destinations. Using Luanchuan, a county in Henan province as an example, construction factors and the mode, the terminal form and its popularization of lagging tourist destinat...

  1. Le développement d’un outil de mesure de l’excellence des destinations touristiques

    Bédard, François

    2012-01-01

    Le Centre mondial d’Excellence des Destinations (CED), organisme à but non lucratif ayant son siège à Montréal, a pour mission de contribuer à amener les destinations touristiques au niveau mondial vers l’excellence. Les clients potentiels du SMED sont des organismes ayant une autorité reconnue, un pouvoir de gouvernance sur l’activité touristique de la destination. La notion d’excellence, dans le cadre du SMED, doit s’entendre sur le plan de « l’excellence des destinations » (en raison de la...

  2. Application of destination brand molecule on destination image and brand perception: an exploratory study

    Ivanov, Stanislav H.; Illum, Steven F.; Liang, Yating

    2010-01-01

    The paper presents the destination brand molecule approach to destination image and brand perception measurement, an innovative and non-traditional approach to market research as a tool for potential use by a destination/attraction marketing organization. It investigates the perceptions people have about a destination brand and the way they organize these perceptions in their minds. It employs and further develops the brand molecule concept introduced by Lederer and Hill (2001) and its extens...

  3. The Contemporary Roles of Destination Management Organizations

    2016-01-01

    Aiming at presenting the contemporary topics on roles of destina-tion management organizations (DMOs) and arousing attentions to the shift of their roles to marketing via social media to generate electronic word-of-mouth (eWOM) , this paper reveals a unique picture of the destination management organizations and their emerged roles.

  4. Destination bonding: Hybrid cognition using Instagram

    Arup Kumar Baksi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Empirical research has identified the phenomenon of destination bonding as a result of summated physical and emotional values associated with the destination. Physical values, namely natural landscape & other physical settings and emotional values, namely the enculturation processes, have a significant role to play in portraying visitors’ cognitive framework for destination preference. The physical values seemed to be the stimulator for bonding that embodies action or behavior tendencies in imagery. The emotional values were the conditions that lead to affective bonding and are reflected in attitudes for a place which were evident in text narratives. Social networking on virtual platforms offers the scope for hybrid cognitive expression using imagery and text to the visitors. Instagram has emerged as an application-window to capture these hybrid cognitions of visitors. This study focuses on assessing the relationship between hybrid cognition of visitors expressed via Instagram and their bond with the destination. Further to this, the study attempts to examine the impact of hybrid cognition of visitors on the behavioral pattern of prospective visitors to the destination. The study revealed that sharing of visual imageries and related text by the visitors is an expression of the physico-emotional bonding with the destination. It was further established that hybrid cognition strongly asserts destination bonding and has been also found to have moderating impact on the link between destination bonding and electronic-word-of-mouth.

  5. Statistical analysis of tourism destination competitiveness

    Attilio Gardini

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The growing relevance of tourism industry for modern advanced economies has increased the interest among researchers and policy makers in the statistical analysis of destination competitiveness. In this paper we outline a new model of destination competitiveness based on sound theoretical grounds and we develop a statistical test of the model on sample data based on Italian tourist destination decisions and choices. Our model focuses on the tourism decision process which starts from the demand schedule for holidays and ends with the choice of a specific holiday destination. The demand schedule is a function of individual preferences and of destination positioning, while the final decision is a function of the initial demand schedule and the information concerning services for accommodation and recreation in the selected destinations. Moreover, we extend previous studies that focused on image or attributes (such as climate and scenery by paying more attention to the services for accommodation and recreation in the holiday destinations. We test the proposed model using empirical data collected from a sample of 1.200 Italian tourists interviewed in 2007 (October - December. Data analysis shows that the selection probability for the destination included in the consideration set is not proportional to the share of inclusion because the share of inclusion is determined by the brand image, while the selection of the effective holiday destination is influenced by the real supply conditions. The analysis of Italian tourists preferences underline the existence of a latent demand for foreign holidays which points out a risk of market share reduction for Italian tourism system in the global market. We also find a snow ball effect which helps the most popular destinations, mainly in the northern Italian regions.

  6. Destiny of Destinations: Can TDM Help?

    Zsuzsanna Bacsi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Tourism destination management (TDM is a popular catchword of current tourism research. A research, co-financed by the European Union through the Hungary-Croatia IPA Cross-border Co-operation Programme, within the project ’Health &Rural Tourism DM Model’ (project no.: HUHR/1101/2.1.3/0006, was carried out in 2013 to analyse the specialities of TDM in health tourism destinations, the physical and human resources of such destinations, aspects of sustainability and competitiveness, the main factors of success. Primary data were collected by surveys and interviews carried out in six spa towns of Western Hungary. The main findings indicated, that the major natural natural endowment is medicinal water in the research area, tourism infrastructure and superstructure are sufficient, although the range of services, and marketing of health tourism services should be improved. Destination management organisations perform least efficiently in attracting investors. The attitudes of stakeholders of the tourism sector towards the idea of TDM differ, while in less successful destinations they are more inclined to cooperate this way, they are rather reluctant to do so in successful destinations. Assessing the traits of tourism service providers, the natural assets, the local community and the targeted tourist segments a general model of health tourism destinations is outlined by the four componenets of the well-known VICE model.

  7. HAJO AS A TOURIST DESTINATION

    Jaya Medhi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights Hajo as a tourist destination and its consequent impact on the industrial development of Assam. Hajo is situated in the Kamrup district of Assam and is located at a distance of about 32 km from Guwahati on the north bank of the mighty Brahmaputra. Hajo is an important centre for three religion namely Hinduism, Islam and Buddhism. The age old harmonious confluence can still be observed here. The place has a number of temples among which Hayagriba Madhab is one of the most important. It also Available online at www.lsrj.in Indian Streams Research Journal highlights the tourism scenario as well as its development. The paper also gives an idea of tourism as industry. Finally the study suggests means, to develop tourism industry of Assam, such as reconstruction and beautifying of tourist spot. For attraction of tourists it must have proper infrastructural facilities, good means of communication facilities, hospitality, fooding and lodging facilities etc. Lastly tourism industry can also address the burning issues of unemployment.

  8. VARIABLES OF THE IMAGE OF TOURIST DESTINATION

    Ban Olimpia

    2008-01-01

    The image of a destination is more than a distinguishing element; it is a component of the supply and brings more value to it. The image of a destination can be the decisive component, while the other elements re relatively alike (1). The image of a tourist destination is strongly connected to the image of a country, the image of a nation and the image of a place. The image of a place is formed for a receiver naturally by accumulating experiences with that place, the use of the sources of per...

  9. Will China Still Be the Destination?

    2009-01-01

    Though the financial crisis is slowing the growth in foreign direct investment (FDI) this year,China still remains an attractive destination for foreign investors,for its dynamic economy,according to the Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM).

  10. Destination image: Origins, Developments and Implications

    Sérgio Dominique Ferreira Lopes

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Over the last few decades, tourism has become one of the main sectors of the global economy, not only because of its contribution to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP of different countries, but also because of the employment it generates. Since 2009, however, the results of tourism have been severely affected by the economic and financial crisis and it is now essential to analyze the key elements of tourist consumer behavior. In this context, the image that a destination transmits to the market becomes one of the elements which influence tourists the most when choosing a tourist destination. The authors therefore aim to identify the main elements that characterize the image of a tourist destination, as well as their implications for the management of tourist destinations.

  11. Destination Brand: Membangun Keunggulan Bersaing Daerah

    Situmorang, Syafrizal Helmi

    2010-01-01

    All successful brands have social, emotional and identity value to users: they have personalities and enhance the perceived utility, desirability and quality of a product. Every country, regional or state should build destination brand for competitive advantage. A destination brand can be developed in a variety of ways, most obviously in advertising, through direct marketing, personal selling, on websites and in brochures, but also through public and media relations, and through the co-operat...

  12. Making Lahore a better heritage tourist destination

    Arshad, Muhammad

    2015-01-01

    In recent past, tourism has become one of the leading industries of the world. Whereas, heritage tourism is one of the fastest growing sectors in tourism industry. The tourist attractions especially heritage attractions play an important role in heritage destination development. Lahore is the cultural hub of Pakistan and home of great Mughal heritage. It is an important heritage tourist destination in Pakistan, because of the quantity and quality of heritage attractions. Despite having a grea...

  13. Promoting tourism destinations: A strategic marketing approach

    Soteriades, Marios D.; Avgeli, Vasiliki A.

    2007-01-01

    This paper provides an outline of principal marketing strategy issues and their application in promoting tourism destinations. It provides an overview of a report prepared for the Tourism Promotion Committee (T.P.C.) of Heraklion District, Crete. In the context of the tourist industry, the ‘product’ is an experience achieved through the combination of a diverse range of products and services. Nowadays tourism destinations face new and increasing marketing challenges arising from changing tour...

  14. Website Design for Abja Rural Tourism Destination

    Tõnts, Liina

    2012-01-01

    This bachelor’s thesis is about creating a website for Abja Rural Tourism Destination. The project is commissioned by Non-Profit Organization (NPO) Mulgimaa Development, which operates in southern Estonia. The objective of this thesis is to build a multilingual website, which would function as a source of information for tourists. In addition, the purpose is that it increases the recognition of Abja and starts to build brand awareness for Abja as a tourist destination. The Abja area has ...

  15. MARKETING OF DESTINATIONS: A EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE

    Maria Roxana COSMA

    2014-01-01

    Capitalizing tourist destinations is a complex and lengthy process whereby resources are gradually transferred within the area of trade relations. Marketer’s proficiency is a key factor to accelerate this process, but also for making better and fuller use of existing touristic attractions of a destination. Other factors of influence are the involvement of the local population, general infrastructure, valuable and unique attractions, tourist preferences etc. Among the influences identified as ...

  16. SPECIFIC KNOWLEDGE FOR MANAGING ECOTOURISM DESTINATIONS

    Smolčić Jurdana, Dora

    2009-01-01

    Management of ecotourism destinations is very demanding because of the specific and interdisciplinary knowledge that is necessary. Great knowledge, which consists of knowledge from human and natural sciences at the same time, emphasizes the need for permanent education, formal and informal of ecotourism destination managers. In should be generally stated that countries which have a great areas and resources for ecotourism development should create a specific program for education about the...

  17. Destination Information Management System for Tourist

    Abdulhamid, Shafii Muhammad; Usman, Gana

    2014-01-01

    The use of information and communication technology in our day to day activities is now unavoidable. In tourism developments, destination information and management systems are used to guide visitors and provide information to both visitors and management of the tour sites. In this paper, information and navigation system was designed for tourists, taking some Niger state of Nigeria tourism destinations into account. The information management system was designed using Java Applet (NetBeans I...

  18. TOURISM DESTINATION MAPPING THROUGH CLUSTER ANALYSIS

    Ion DONA; Popa, Dan

    2013-01-01

    The concept of tourism destination appeared in theory and practice after the development of mass tourism and tourism marketing. They are theoretically “travel market units” or areas that are capable “to exist independently and efficiently in the tourism market according to the principles of marketing and the policy of tourism product”. However the main idea of which we start this paper is that the most of tourism destinations are not born naturally, they were created by implementing an effici...

  19. A Research for Determining the Relationship between Destination Image and Destination Personality

    Savaş Artuğer; Burçin Cevdet Çetinsöz

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between destination image and destination personality. The sample group of the study consisted of tourists visiting Alanya district of Antalya province between June and August 2013. A brand personality scale developed by Aaker (1997) and a survey used for grading the destination image were used as tools for collecting data which were obtained from a total of 395 tourists for the application. Descriptive analyses such percentage, frequenc...

  20. The digital complexity in destination branding: the case of Portugal as tourism destination

    Oliveira, Eduardo

    2013-01-01

    Tourism destinations are demanding strategic thinking and dynamic methods to address the contemporary digital challenge. The application of information communication technologies (ICTs) by tourism destinations, when correctly articulated with a destination branding strategy, could be a driving force to improve their strategic positioning, competitiveness, image and to optimise the benefits they derive from tourism. The novelty of this paper lies in the strategic approach to the digital comple...

  1. THE ONLINE COMMUNICATION MIX FOR TOURISM DESTINATIONS STUDY CASE ON ROMANIAN TOURISM DESTINATIONS

    Adina CONSTANTINESCU

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The present research aims at contributing to the field of Online Communication for tourism destinations. It provides a study on online communication of Romanian main tourism destinations, focusing on DMOs’ websites completeness in terms of contents and on their capability to respond to users’ needs. The results of the current research show that the Romanian Destination Websites offer a poor online experience for users, in terms of content, functionalities and fail to fully satisfy the needs and wants of potential tourists. This study is important for establishing the strategies for developing the tourism destination management in Romania.

  2. Surface and groundwater Nitrate distribution in the area of Vicenza; La distribuzione dei nitrati nelle acque superficiali e sotterranee del vicentino

    Altissimo, L. [Centro Idrico Novoledo Srl di Villaverla, Villaverla, VI (Italy); Dal Pra, A. [Padua Univ., Padua (Italy). Dipt. di Geologia

    1999-12-01

    Public aqueducts in the Province of Vicenza (Italy) are supplied entirely by various kinds of water sources: the sub river bed strata of the mountain valleys, water-bearing aquifers of the high plan, pressurized water-bearing aquifers of the middle plain, karstic reservoirs of the mountain massifs and local springs. Progressive increase in nitrate concentration has long been detected in the underground water of many parts of the Vicenza region. The nitrates originate from various sources: human waste, industrial dumping (e.g. the tanning industry) and the use of animal and chemical fertilizers. Nitrate distribution was studied in all wells used for extracting underground water including source waters which replenishing underground aquifers. During the study period ('91-'95), water courses in the recharge areas were found to have nitrate concentrations ranging between 2.0 and 42.0 mg/l. These values remained substantially stable in time. Underground aquifers showed stable nitrate concentration between 5.0 mg/l (mountain karstic aquifers; sub-river bed strata of valley bottom) and 44.0 mg/l (water bearing strata of the high plain of Astico and Brenta rivers). The pressurized flooding aquifers of the middle plain have lower concentrations (6.0-21.0 mg/l) but tend to increase by about 0.5 mg/l per year. [Italian] Nella provincia di Vicenza l'alimentazione degli acquedotti pubblici avviene interamente con acque sotterranee provenienti da strutture differenti: falde di subalveo delle valli montane, falda freatica dell'alta pianura, falde in pressione della media pianura, serbatoi carsici dei massicci montuosi, sorgenti locali. Da tempo e' stato notato nelle acque sotterranee di molte zone un progressivo aumento della concentrazione dei nitrati che, nel territorio vicentino, hanno differenti provenienze: scarichi dei liquami civili, scarichi industriali (ad es. attivita' conciaria), spargimento dei liquami zootecnici, concimazione con

  3. Basic Service Quality Dimensions in Tourist Destination Planning

    Chris VASILIADIS; Raghu BISTA; Fotiadis, Anestis

    2008-01-01

    The study is related to the basic service quality dimensions in a tourist destination. It attempts to propose a set of dimensions of destination service quality and a quality measurement scale which can be used to measure the service quality in a tourist destination. This research study has found four dimensions of destination service quality and successfully developed a measurement scale that can be used to measure the basic service quality in a destination. Initially 31 variables were devel...

  4. Promotion as a Tool in Sustaining the Destination Marketing Activities

    Ivo Mulec

    2010-01-01

    Promoting the tourism destination in the right and best possible way is today one of vital marketing activities of all Destination Management Organizations. Only successful promotion can entice and attract potential travelers to visit the destination. The number of new destinations is increasing every year and some of them are quite similar. Market segmentation is one of the starting points for devising marketing strategy. Only by presenting the destination to the right segment of potential c...

  5. India's Image as a destination for British tourists

    Agrawal, Tanvi

    2007-01-01

    Destination image is a popular topic in tourism research due to its high ended importance in understanding the destination selection process. It is an important concept which helps in assessing the perceptions of target market tourist. A destination can realize its full tourism potential only once it has a favourable image and thus Destination marketers are on a constant move towards creating a positive image through various marketing strategies and destination positioning. India is a soaring...

  6. An empirical investigation of determinants of tourist destination image

    Baloglu, Seyhmus

    1996-01-01

    The research of the past two decades in travel and tourism has demonstrated that tourism destination image is a valuable construct in investigating the destination selection process and behavior of travelers. Most studies of consumer decision making in tourism have investigated the relationship between image of a destination and preference or visitation intentions for the destination. As competition among tourism destinations is getting more intense, it becomes increasingly important to under...

  7. Managing the tourist destination image: The case of Africa

    Matiza, Tafadzwa; Oni, Olabanji A

    2014-01-01

    The tourist destination image is becoming increasing detrimental to the success of individual tourist destinations. More-so, for African tourist destinations which are often victims of the negative global stereotypes and perceptions that exist of the continent. With this in mind, this paper explores the concept and role of destination image in the wider tourism context and goes on to utilise literature to establish the impact of the tourism destination image to the ability of African tourist ...

  8. Considering tourist perceptions and network configuration in destination management

    Prats Planagumà, Lluís; Camprubí Subirana, Raquel

    2009-01-01

    The competitiveness of tourism destinations is a relevant issue for tourism studies, moreso, is a key element on the daily basis of tourism destinations. In this sense, the management of tourism destinations is essential to maintain competitive advantages. In this article tourism destination is considered as a relational network, where interaction and cooperation is needed among tourist agents, to achieve major levels of competitive advantage and a more effective destination management system...

  9. Clarifications regarding medical tourism destinations marketing

    STANCIOIU Aurelia-Felicia

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The development of new types of tourism (stand-alone, connected or components, from marketing experience, implies a broad spectrum of challenges, which, placed in a planned background, has the purpose the creation and then, the development of tourism products that correspond, at least, to consumers’ expectations. In order to optimize the new type of tourism, it is necessary to be correlated with the relevant resources of the destination, which, harmonized, can lead to the elaboration of destination marketing strategies, in this situation being the medical tourism, component of health tourism.

  10. Tourist destination branding on social networks

    Radenković-Šošić Bojana

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Social networks have become the modern means of communication. Intensive electronic word of mouth to mouth (eWOM leads to faster sharing of experiences, and the creation of positive and negative attitudes. On the other hand, branding of tourist destinations has become one of the most powerful resources in the implementation of marketing strategies in tourism. The aim of this study, which is based on primary research, is to examine the concept of electronic word of mouth, as well as the role of social networks in the process of branding tourist destinations.

  11. A Research for Determining the Relationship between Destination Image and Destination Personality

    Savaş Artuğer

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between destination image and destination personality. The sample group of the study consisted of tourists visiting Alanya district of Antalya province between June and August 2013. A brand personality scale developed by Aaker (1997 and a survey used for grading the destination image were used as tools for collecting data which were obtained from a total of 395 tourists for the application. Descriptive analyses such percentage, frequency, factor analysis (confirmatory and explanatory as well as statistical tests such as the reliability analysis were used for analyzing the obtained data. In addition the relationship between destination image and destination personality was analyzed with the Structural Equation Modeling (SEMAt the conclusion of the study there appeared to be negative and very weak relationship between affective image and destination personality while the relationship between cognitive image and destination personality appeared to be positive and strong. In addition Aaker’s (1997 5 dimensional brand personality grading turned out to be 4 dimensions. These dimensions were determined as excitement, ruggedness, competence and sincerity

  12. Bridging knowledge capital with tourism destination stakeholders

    Wejrum, Lone Møller; Madsen, Jan Halberg; d'Ambrosio, Luigi

    2015-01-01

    these meetings it became clear that the destination and its actors would be interested in and benefit from a cooperation with the University College of Northern Denmark (UCN) and the lecturers and students from the International Hospitality Management programme (IHM). Practical implications: - The...

  13. The Destined Death of the Travelling Salesman

    何苗

    2015-01-01

    Death of a Travelling Salesman is a short story with heated discussion and dispute. Death, as the title of the story presents, has always been the center of criticism. This paper aims to dissect this short story, and to discuss the destined death of the travelling salesman.

  14. Destination visual image and expectation of experiences

    Ye, H.; Tussyadiah, Iis

    2011-01-01

    A unique experience is the essence of tourism sought by tourists. The most effective way to communicate the notion of a tourism experience at a destination is to provide visual cues that stimulate the imagination and connect with potential tourists in a personal way. This study aims at...

  15. Destination brand experience and visitor behavior

    Mattsson, Jan; Sørensen, Flemming; Barnes, Stuart

    2014-01-01

    experience (DBE), which provides a more holistic and unified view of the destination brand. It examines the direct and mediated role of DBE components in determining revisit intentions and word-of-mouth recommendations. The findings suggest that DBE is an important determinant of all study outcomes, but that...

  16. TOURISM DESTINATION MAPPING THROUGH CLUSTER ANALYSIS

    Ion DONA

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The concept of tourism destination appeared in theory and practice after the development of mass tourism and tourism marketing. They are theoretically “travel market units” or areas that are capable “to exist independently and efficiently in the tourism market according to the principles of marketing and the policy of tourism product”. However the main idea of which we start this paper is that the most of tourism destinations are not born naturally, they were created by implementing an efficient development management of attractions, accessibility and amenities at a specific area level. We consider that the stakeholders can intervene in an area with touristic potential to support the development of rural tourism and implement measures that can transform it in a touristic destination. With this purpose in mind we present in this paper a methodology to map the areas with rural tourism development potential by utilising cluster analysis. The case studies are the villages from Gorj County with touristic potential that have a proximity access to high value natural and/or anthropic touristic resources. The main results of our research is that in this county exists five areas where can be implemented tourism destination management plans and through which can be assured a better promotion and valorisation of rural tourism.

  17. Choosing Ecotourism Destinations for Vacations: A Decision-Making Process

    Eugene E. Ezebilo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Although ecotourism is fast growing industry information on travels to different ecotourism destinations are often not easily accessible. This paper reports reviews of literature on eco-tourists behaviour regarding choice of destination for ecotourism and factors influencing the choice. The importance of information in marketing of ecotourism and eco-tourists’ satisfaction are discussed. The eco-tourists who are visiting a destination for the first time go through all stages in the decision-making process and extensive information search before choosing the destination to visit. Eco-tourists who have visited the destination in the past go through only some of the stages and limited information search. Eco-tourists’ choice of an ecotourism destination are influenced by factors such as, the family, friends, societal values, preferences, safety and promotions related to the destination. Decision regarding re-visiting an ecotourism destination depends on the level of satisfaction that the eco-tourist experienced during his or her first time visit to the destination. Eco-tourists who are satisfied with the ecotourism destination during their first time visit are likely to re-visit the destination but those who are not satisfied are not likely to re-visit. For ecotourism managers to sustain the inflow of eco-tourists to different ecotourism destinations and revenue in the ecotourism industry it is important for the managers to strive towards meeting expectations of eco-tourists and make information regarding the destinations more accessible.

  18. A Model of Tourism Destination Competitiveness: The case of the Italian Destinations of Excellence

    Gianluca Goffi

    2013-01-01

    Tourism worldwide is becoming increasingly competitive. Competitiveness has been associated in the tourism literature as a critical element for the success of tourism destinations. Particular emphasis is placed on identifying and analyzing the various factors that influence the competitiveness of tourism destinations. The paper extends the Richie & Crouch (2000) model and develops a set of indicators that considers the different issues concerning tourism competitiveness. The indicators are fo...

  19. Going Round in Circles: Mobility, Destination and Experience

    Alan Clarke

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses the changing approaches to transport in urban tourism as seen through the move from functional sectoral accounts towards a perspective informed by the experience economy. By reviewing the traditional service offers, it is possible to unpack what lies within the service dominant logics that lead to co-creation of value and the realisation of quality tourism experiences. The paper then considers the adoption and adaptation of traditional forms of transport within the value proposition in urban tourism. Mobility in tourism is a strangely new focus of attention, strangely because without it there would be no tourism to speak of. However mobility requires a framework of civil and legal entitlements that allow people to move and a transport infrastructure that allows those rights to be realised in both working and leisure time situations. This article will address the construction of the tourism transport infrastructure by examining the ways in which the transportation elements in mobility have been re-thought within tourism. The first part of the paper will re-construct an account of transport and mobility which deals with it in terms of the functions and logistics of delivery, both between points of origin and destinations, and within destinations. These perspectives can be seen in the texts which shape the basic tourism curriculum (Cooper et al, 2008; Page, 2009 and explain how tourism and transport have developed over the years by integrating the opportunities provided by the new technologies – motorised vehicles (both cars and coaches, trains, ships and aeroplanes – to allow for the development of a range of destinations. Lumsdon and Page (2004 introduced a new approach to transport and tourism by distinguishing between transport for tourism and transport as tourism, which provides a linkage between the first and second parts of this article. The second part will develop an account of mobility in tourism that demonstrates

  20. The role and importance of gastronomy tourism on destination branding

    ÖZALTAŞ SERÇEK, Gülseren; SERÇEK, Sadık

    2015-01-01

    Benefiting from a gastronomic element in the marketing of destinations is gradually increasing in recent years. Taking into account local factors benefiting from the city's food cultivated in the marketing of destinations to attract tourists to the city, to provide branding and developing the economy of the city as a result. The gastronomic culture is also a destination that is not the only destination dining diversity; people's lives, history shows traditions and values. In the study, produc...

  1. Destination Unknown. Is there any Economics Beyond Tourism Areas?

    Guido Candela; Paolo Figini

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, several papers have been focussing on various aspects of tourism destinations. The destination is a central issue within tourism studies, embodying in one single concept all the specific and problematic features of tourism, such as its systemic nature in which "space" plays a fundamental role. In this paper we argue that tourism economics shapes itself as an independent discipline within applied economics through the analysis of destinations. Firstly, destinations are neither...

  2. Does Coordination of Immigration Policies among Destination Countries Increase Immigration?

    Rose Skaksen, Jan; Malchow-Møller, Nikolaj; Aastrup Jensen, Claus

    2007-01-01

    We set up a theoretical model to analyze the implications of coordination of immigration policies among destination countries. The model contains two types of spill-overs between destination countries: A terms of trade externality and a welfare policy externality. We show that while coordination unambiguously increases welfare of the destination countries, the effects on the level of immigration and on the income distribution of natives are ambiguous. Thus, coordination among destination coun...

  3. Understanding tourist recommendation through destination image: A CHAID analysis

    Agapito, Dora; Valle, Patrícia Oom do; Mendes, Júlio

    2012-01-01

    In spite of the efforts of marketers and managers to boost a favourable destination image, with a focus on encouraging tourists‟ revisit, other factors contribute to tourists‟ decision-making processes with regard to revisiting destinations. Moreover, recommendation from family and friends are considered to be the most credible source of information in the process of choosing a holiday destination, becoming relevant that studies on destination loyalty focus on this variable. Therefore, this r...

  4. Sami tourism in destination development: conflict and collaboration

    Olsen, Lise Smed

    2016-01-01

    Indigenous tourism has become an important component of the tourism industry. Previous indigenous tourism research has indicated three conflict areas that can have an impact on destination development - internal conflicts over indigenous identity, the use of indigenous culture in destination...... through stakeholder collaboration in Jokkmokk, Sweden and Kautokeino, Norway. The study indicates that collaboration between destination marketing organisations and Sami stakeholders has been initiated and has improved destination marketing. Conflicts relating to indigenous identity and land use are more...

  5. Implications of Destination Loyalty in Soccer Premier League in Iran

    Hashem Kozechian

    2014-01-01

    Soccer premier leagues` authorities in Iran are supposed to consider spectators and fans` concerns in to consideration in order to substantiate their destination loyalty. Based on the literature review, safety, service quality, destination image and social environment may be antecedents of destination loyalty in sport tourism. The present study develops a theoretical background in this respect.

  6. City Image – As Tourism Destination

    Stanciulescu Gabriela Cecilia

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is a competitive industry, even on a global scale. If access to a destination or attraction is too complicated, time consuming, expensive or not providing adequate capacity, even the most spectacular attraction will remain a secret to most tourists, as they will prefer competitive alternatives” (Smiths, 2003. And to continue this, it is considered that „that cultural differences and uniqueness are important if one wants cultural products to become a commercial success” (Lindenberg, 2004. When cultural tourists are looking to experiment or to improve their knowledge, the question is: “Which are the best strategies and practices to market that experience and knowledge for the cultural tourists” (Kantanen, 2005. This paper will be dedicated to presenting city tourist destinations, their marketing and market positioning, also to analyze the way in which potential customers’ perception is built and how the process can be influenced, and to analyze the way the tourist product is assembled.

  7. Trip Generation Model Based on Destination Attractiveness

    YAO Liya; GUAN Hongzhi; YAN Hai

    2008-01-01

    Traditional trip generation forecasting methods use unified average trip generation rates to determine trip generation volumes in various traffic zones without considering the individual characteristics of each traffic zone.Therefore,the results can have significant errors.To reduce the forecasting error produced by uniform trip generation rates for different traffic zones,the behavior of each traveler was studied instead of the characteristics of the traffic zone.This paper gives a method for calculating the trip efficiency and the effect of traffic zones combined with a destination selection model based on disaggregate theory for trip generation.Beijing data is used with the trip generation method to predict trip volumes.The results show that the disaggregate model in this paper is more accurate than the traditional method.An analysis of the factors influencing traveler behavior and destination selection shows that the attractiveness of the traffic zone strongly affects the trip generation volume.

  8. Social Media Strategies and Destination Management

    Munar, Ana Maria

    2012-01-01

    This study provides insights into social media practices and strategic considerations used by destination management organizations (DMOs). It examines a theoretical model of generic social media strategies for destination management and applies qualitative methods to analyze the social media...... initiatives of DMOs of Denmark, Norway, Finland, Sweden and the Scandinavian Tourist Board Asia/Pacific in the Nordic European Region. The study provides empirical evidence of emerging social media strategies among DMOs and confirms the growing importance of these new media. The findings point to the...... conflicting relationship between corporate culture and social media culture, the challenges innovative communication tools present for traditional management structures, poor levels of formalization and the lack of a knowledge base which results in ad-hoc decision making. Overall, the paper discusses the...

  9. Tourism destinations as digital business ecosystems

    Baggio, Rodolfo

    2012-01-01

    Tourism has been experiencing very relevant changes since when Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs), in all their forms, have started to pervade the industry and the market. In the last decade, a new concept gained the attention of both researchers and practitioners, that of Digital Business Ecosystem (DBE). It can be considered as a technological infrastructure aimed at creating a digital environment to support and enhance networking between enterprises and stakeholders operating within a sector. Aim of this paper is to assess the extent to which the technological connection has affected the structural configuration of the tourism system and, specifically, of tourism destinations. The present study argues that two components can be considered when assessing the relationships among stakeholders within a tourism destination: a real and a virtual one. Further it shows how these two components are structurally strongly coupled and co-evolve forming a single system.

  10. Innovative Governance Strategies in Meetings Destination Networks

    Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Larson, Mia

    2013-01-01

    the bureaucratic culture of public administration and the marketing culture adopted by private tourism firms (Palmer 1996). This regional coordinating role must be undertaken in spite of limited ownership, budget or power to control how individual firms deliver (D’Angella & Go 2007). Furthermore, various actors...... Organisations (DMOs). These conditions lead to ambiguity and conflicts regarding strategic planning, authoritative decision making, development of a clear destination brand identity and unanimous support during destination brand delivery. Lacking the predictability of corporate organisational structures, DMOs...... on a comparative analysis of Convention Bureaus (CVBs) and the network around them in the two cities, the study sheds light on governance strategies adopted by the convenors in order to mobilize meetings industry stakeholders across cultural, institutional and political borders. Conceptual approach The theoretical...

  11. Thematic Routes - Tourist Destinations in Romania

    Mihaela DINU; Adrian CIOACA

    2008-01-01

    Thematic routes have become greatly demanded ”fashionable” tourist destinations, in recent years. In many countries they gained popularity not only through their value as individual objectives, but also through their attraction, generated by the association of tourist objectives, in a larger region. The main purpose of this article is to analyze the main Romanian thematic routes, as part of the European routes, or as regional/local routes, specific on a national level, their actual condition ...

  12. Bell Experiments with Random Destination Sources

    Sciarrino, F.; Vallone, G.; Cabello, A.; Mataloni, P.

    2010-01-01

    It is generally assumed that sources sending randomly two particles to one or two different observers, named here random destination sources (RDS), cannot by used for genuine quantum nonlocality tests because of the postselection loophole. We demonstrate that Bell experiments not affected by the postselection loophole may be performed with: (i) RDS and local postselection using perfect detectors, (ii) RDS, local postselection, and fair sampling assumption with any detection efficiency, and (i...

  13. Tourist destination branding on social networks

    Radenković-Šošić Bojana; Bulut Ivana; Zeremski Aleksandar V.

    2012-01-01

    Social networks have become the modern means of communication. Intensive electronic word of mouth to mouth (eWOM) leads to faster sharing of experiences, and the creation of positive and negative attitudes. On the other hand, branding of tourist destinations has become one of the most powerful resources in the implementation of marketing strategies in tourism. The aim of this study, which is based on primary research, is to examine the concept of electronic word of mouth, as well as the role ...

  14. Public marketing in supporting the tourist destinations

    Grigorescu, Adriana; Balalia (Iosif), Alina Elena

    2009-01-01

    National policies and public marketing of destinations should cover measures on broadening the supply of travel agencies, on intensifying promotion actions for the offered touristic product. In order to achieve this, it is necessary to choose modern means of promotion so that tourists remain informed on existing and available accommodation, accommodation rates, recreation and entertainment means, booking and payment methods. This paper aims to discuss about a suitable public marketing in the ...

  15. The competitiveness of Brazilian tourist destinations

    Barbosa, Luiz Gustavo Medeiros

    2013-01-01

    This thesis proposes a construct to measure the competitiveness of Brazilian tourist destinations and orient the actions of public and private tourism managers. The model of this study is based on a relevant literature review, a panel with specialists that have expertise in Brazilian tourism and field research. The investigation was carried out in 15 Brazilian tourist cities, representative of the socioeconomic diversity that characterises the heterogeneity of a developing country. The result...

  16. Destination image: Origins, Developments and Implications

    Sérgio Dominique Ferreira Lopes

    2011-01-01

    Over the last few decades, tourism has become one of the main sectors of the global economy, not only because of its contribution to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of different countries, but also because of the employment it generates. Since 2009, however, the results of tourism have been severely affected by the economic and financial crisis and it is now essential to analyze the key elements of tourist consumer behavior. In this context, the image that a destination transmits to the mark...

  17. Destination image: perspectives of tourists vs. residents

    Agapito, Dora; Mendes, Júlio; Valle, Patrícia Oom do

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to measure the image of Lagos in the Algarve region, the most important Portuguese destination, using a cognitive, affective and behavioral approach. Given the lack of studies which compare the perspectives of tourists and residents, the empirical investigation includes a mixed methodology enabling a holistic approach followed by a quantitative methodology with the use of questionnaires for both tourists and residents. The attributes that are more consensually associated with ...

  18. Competitive destination analysis in Southern European countries

    Águas, Paulo; Veiga, Célia; Reis, Helena

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to analyse the competitiveness of the European Union Member States of Southern Europe (France, Greece, Italy, Portugal and Spain) as tourist destinations for European Union Member States of Central and Northern Europe (Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, Germany, The Netherlands, Ireland, Sweden and the UK). Design/methodology/approach – Application of the market share analysis tool, initially developed by Faulkner, using secondary data from Eurosta...

  19. NON-SKELETON BUILDING OF MULTIPURPOSE DESTINATION

    В.М. Першаков

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available  The non-skeleton structure of multipurpose destination is developed from typical reinforce-concrete slabs and intended for building of objects of agroindustrial complex. Fixed building is under the test loadings. After researches was established, that a construction has sufficient bearing capacity. Non-skeleton building is urgent for storage of agricultural production and storage of eguipment, placing of markets and sport complexes.

  20. Managements and marketing in Korca tourist destination

    Esmeralda Shkira

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Tourism is characterized as being a sector that stands out as one of the business activities with the greatest potential for worldwide expansion and as an engine for economic growth. If at the national level, the appeal of tourism is significant, on the local level this sector presents itself as an essential tool in regional development, as a means to avoid regional desertification and stagnation, stimulating the potential of more undeveloped regions. In such a competitive sector as tourism, companies should develop synergies and achieve competitive advantage. This paper reports on experiences and activities that are taken in destination management and marketing in Korça tourist region. Primarily it is told about importance of management and the role of marketing in the development of tourist destination and how to be combined them to grow up competitive advantages. Then are described all main problems of destination management and marketing in Korça region and all problems that are viewed in tourist villages of this region. In the end is suggested a model that can be used to develop sustainable tourism, to grow up profits and to reduce negative impacts that would come from this industry.

  1. VARIABLES OF THE IMAGE OF TOURIST DESTINATION

    Ban Olimpia

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available The image of a destination is more than a distinguishing element; it is a component of the supply and brings more value to it. The image of a destination can be the decisive component, while the other elements re relatively alike (1. The image of a tourist destination is strongly connected to the image of a country, the image of a nation and the image of a place. The image of a place is formed for a receiver naturally by accumulating experiences with that place, the use of the sources of personal and impersonal information. For the transmitter, the image is the result of some direct and indirect actions. The branding of the place is the conscientious and coordinated process of an image achievement. In the paper there are presented some examples of actions of image research, an essential step having in view the branding or re-branding It is presented a study of the citizens of Oradea regarding their perception of tourist Romania.

  2. The image of Norway as tourist destination presented in the Russian travel blogs

    Klimova, Ekaterina

    2015-01-01

    destination image, international tourism, Norway as a tourist destination, Russian tourists, Russian tourists in Scandinavia, formation of destination image, destination brand, blogs, travel blogs, Russian tourist market, Russian blogosphere, content analysis, qualitative method, NVIVO, tourism and literature

  3. BUCOVINA AS A TOURIST DESTINATION AND THE IMPACT OF THE RECENT INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL CRISIS. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR A MODERN DESTINATION MANAGEMENT APPROACH IN INTERNATIONAL DESTINATION MARKETING

    Heike BÄHRE

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Bucovina is a cultural landscape in the triangle bordered between the Ukraine, Romania and Moldova. Based on a theoretical planning approach in destination marketing management, Bucovina is to be regarded as a destination situated at the end of the involvement stage of the Tourism Area Life Cycle (TALC. Literature, internet research, qualitative interviews, and on site-observations depict Bucovina as a travel destination. The authors explore the impact of the financial crisis on Bucovina and forecast the destination trend for the next few years. Finally, they give recommendations for development of the Bucovina region in a sustainable, rapid and regulated manner.

  4. Review of Literature of the Rural Heritage Tourism Destination

    Kadi Alaa J.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Rural heritage tourism destination management is an essential knowledge area that should be investigated to achieve sustainable destination, especially for an emerging destination. The goal of this process is to ensure that these elements are thoroughly inspected and rigidly organized due to the main concepts, theories, methods and approaches mentioning different perspectives to tackle these certain elements. In order to cope with the complexity of the relation between the destination elements and its characteristics and sequence of the maturity of the selected destination, all that needs in-depth knowledge to assist the researchers in developing and improving different types of approaches and tools, and in structuring and assessing the destination. We develop a neat backbone literature review concerning the all aspects of the sustainable rural heritage tourism destination. We review the existing methods, approaches and theories applied on the relative field, and further study the relevant challenges that have been the target of investigation in the academic literature. The paper is intended to be the newest and the most important existing study on the topic of rural heritage emerging tourism destination. The results are particularly relevant to practitioners seeking a better grasp on managing tourism destination as well as achieving sustainability in tourism destinations. As a major finding of the review, the results strongly suggest the need for more practitioner-oriented and industry-driven empirical studies in the area of flexible managerial framework to cope with special and dynamic characteristics of different tourism destinations.

  5. Promotion as a Tool in Sustaining the Destination Marketing Activities

    Ivo Mulec

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Promoting the tourism destination in the right and best possible way is today one of vital marketing activities of all Destination Management Organizations. Only successful promotion can entice and attract potential travelers to visit the destination. The number of new destinations is increasing every year and some of them are quite similar. Market segmentation is one of the starting points for devising marketing strategy. Only by presenting the destination to the right segment of potential clients in the right way will a destination maximize the effectiveness of its marketing and promotion. Tourism destination marketers will continue to face considerable challenges in the future: they will have to take account of the needs, wants and expectations of more mature and knowledgeable customers, and the corresponding need for more up-to-date and reliable information upon which to base decision-making. In the future only marketing which includes collaborative dimensions will meet its objectives fully.

  6. Source and destination memory: two sides of the same coin?

    Lindner, Isabel; Drouin, Héloïse; Tanguay, Annick F N; Stamenova, Vessela; Davidson, Patrick S R

    2015-01-01

    Whereas source memory involves remembering from whom you have heard something, destination memory involves remembering to whom you have told something. Despite its practical relevance, destination memory has been studied little. Recently, two reports suggested that generally destination memory should be poorer than source memory, and that it should be particularly difficult for older people. We tested these predictions by having young and older participants read sentences to two examiners (destination encoding) and listen to sentences read by two examiners (source encoding), under intentional (Experiment 1) or incidental encoding (Experiments 2 and 3). Only in Experiment 3 (in which cognitive demands during destination encoding were increased) was destination memory significantly poorer than source memory. In none of the experiments were older adults inferior to the young on destination or source memory. Destination- and source-memory scores were significantly correlated. Item memory was consistently superior for sentences that had been read out loud (during destination encoding) versus those that had been heard (during source encoding). Destination memory needs not always be poorer than source memory, appears not to be particularly impaired by normal ageing and may depend on similar processes to those supporting source memory. PMID:24786758

  7. Cognitive components of rural tourism destination images

    Kokkali, Panagiota; Koutsouris, Alex; Chrysochou, Polymeros

    This paper aims at exploring issues related to rural tourism destination image focusing on TDI cognitive components. By means of empirical research addressing tourists visiting the Lake Plastiras area, Central Greece, the cognitive components of the area's TDI were identified along with their......; (3) visitors can be classified in four clusters according the cognitive factors; (4) tourists' clusters differ in terms of age, education and income as well as number of visits and perception of the area's attractiveness. Such findings point towards the need of both a new strategy for the area...

  8. Pakistani labour emigration: new destinations in Europe

    Nasra M. Shah

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In the first part of this paper a historical overview is made of Pakistani labour emigration to the countries of the Persian Gulf, and to Anglo-Saxon countries in general and to the United Kingdom in particular. In the second part of the paper the new European labourmarkets which Pakistani emigrants have been increasingly discovering is analyzed. In this sense, Spain has become one of the new destinations. The author goes on to point out the specific nature of this new situation and at the same time details some of the future implications for Spain.

  9. Plan de negocio para la creacion de la empresa Archaeological Destination S.A.S.

    Barrera Pachón, Angie Katherine

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo contiene el plan de negocios para la creación de la empresa Archaeological Destination S.A.S, empresa destinada a prestar servicios de turismo arqueológico en Bogotá. El proyecto incluye los estudios de mercado, operacional, administrativo y financiero necesarios para evaluar la viabilidad de la creación de la empresa. Al finalizar los estudios se concluye que el proyecto es rentable y viable de realizar.

  10. CAPITAL FLOWS AND THEIR SECTORAL DESTINATIONS

    Petris Sorina

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Since 2003, New European Union Member States have made large capital inflows, which led to a credit crunch and recession. Whether they are foreign direct investment, or banking flows, capital inflows ultimately affect GDP, depending on how they are invested. In the specialty literature, analysis of capital flows was done especially in terms of their structure, with a lack of analysis in terms of final destination of capital inflows. Therefore, we analyzed the effect of capital inflows on GDP in the New Member States of the European Union (Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania and Slovakia over the last economic cycle. Based on experiences of the new Member States during the recent boom and crisis, the paper studies the impact of capital inflows on GDP growth, inflows channeled to economic sectors, such as real estate and corporate investment sector. The results of this research tries to highlight the extent to which the final destination of capital flows is important for the evolution of GDP.

  11. Strategic Management of Tourism Destinations: A Dynamic Capabilities Perspective

    Murray, Noel

    2013-01-01

    Managing tourism destinations is a multifaceted phenomenon due to the fragmented nature of the industry, where stakeholders such as private enterprises, public agencies and community groups operate in a relatively autonomous way. These diverse stakeholder groups generally collaborate through marketing initiatives to promote the tourism destination offering. However, there is a growing consensus that the Destination Management Organisation (DMO) has assumed a broader management mandate. Touris...

  12. Golf destinations' brand personality: the case of the Algarve

    Pereira, Rosária Luísa Gomes

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to develop and validate a measurement scale to assess golf destinations’ brand personality and therefore to perceive the destination personality of the Algarve as a golf destination. Based on literature review on human personality, brand personality, destination brand image and marketing scales validation procedures, an initial 36 unrepeated items were the base for a survey instrument. Those items were generated from the literature, from the results of individu...

  13. New Destination Development and Promotion-India-Importance

    Patwardhan, Saurabh

    2009-01-01

    The tourism industry in India is on the upswing, with major investments made into India and with the changing trends in consumption patterns, it is essential to develop new destinations in India. In order to bridge the gap between demand and supply, it is essential to create a product which the consumers today want. This study focuses on understanding the factors which make a tourist destination successful in India. The research looks upon available research in the field of destination develo...

  14. Choosing Ecotourism Destinations for Vacations: A Decision-Making Process

    Eugene E. Ezebilo

    2013-01-01

    Although ecotourism is fast growing industry information on travels to different ecotourism destinations are often not easily accessible. This paper reports reviews of literature on eco-tourists behaviour regarding choice of destination for ecotourism and factors influencing the choice. The importance of information in marketing of ecotourism and eco-tourists’ satisfaction are discussed. The eco-tourists who are visiting a destination for the first time go through all stages in the decision-m...

  15. Marketing of a destination: Jordan as a case study

    Alhroot, Abdel-Hafiz Hussein Jaddou

    2007-01-01

    This study investigates the internal and external environmental factors that affect destination marketing in Jordan and the use of the destination marketing concept by tourism companies in Jordan. Furthermore, special emphasis is placed on investigating and identifying the existing relationship between the internal and external factors in destination marketing by pinpointing the factors being used by tourism companies and those factors that contribute to the attraction of touri...

  16. Destination image of Porvoo on travel and lifestyle blogs

    Pennanen, Sonja

    2014-01-01

    User generated content on social media can have nowadays a prominent impact on consumers’ behaviour and purchase decisions. This thesis aims to examine the destination image of Porvoo as a tourist destination on Finnish and international travel and lifestyle blog entries. The thesis is commisioned by Porvoo City tourism and marketing unit. Firstly, the thesis will provide a literature review about relevant concepts related to the topic. Definitions of destination branding, brand and image...

  17. The sensory brand of the destination. Case study: Transylvania

    Mihail-Cristian DIŢOIU; Aurelia-Felicia STĂNCIOIU; Gabriel BRĂTUCU; Lucian-Florin ONIŞOR; Andreea BOTOȘ

    2014-01-01

    Destinations can be considered a predominantly experiential tourism product in the context of sensory marketing, which would be the best instrument for creating, communicating and delivering the experiential values of the tourism product, and for developing the sensory brand of a destination. Given that, generally speaking, the geographic area of a destination is difficult to market (because of the multitude of component entities that must have the same vision, although comp...

  18. Tourists' Transformation Experience: From Destination Architecture to Identity Formation

    Ye, Helen Yi; Tussyadiah, Iis

    2010-01-01

    Today’s tourists seek unique destinations that could associate with their self identity in a profound way. It is meaningful for destinations to design unique physical elements that offer transformational travel experiences. This study aims at identifying how tourists encounter architecture in a...... destination and if architecture facilitates tourists’ self transformation. Based on narrative structure analysis by deconstruction of travel blog posts, the results suggest that tourists perceive architectural landscape as an important feature that reflects destinations’ identity. Four different interaction...

  19. Modelling the Image Research of a Tourism Destination

    Nicolae Teodorescu; Ion Pârgaru; Aurelia-Felicia Stancioiu; Elena Matei

    2014-01-01

    The problematic area of the tourism destination image has a high expansion in marketing, the efforts of its conceptualization and phenomenalism being remarkable among specialists. In this context, the authors propose a systemic approach, the result of which refers to a model regarding the image research of a tourism destination, whose validation has been attained using Transalpina destination. The model created by the authors envisages morphological features and specific functional relationsh...

  20. Tourism Destination Image Formation – The Case of Dubrovnik, Croatia

    Tanja Kesić; Ivana Pavlić

    2011-01-01

    Competitiveness in the tourism industry has become increasingly demanding, implying competition not only among the countries in close geographic proximity but also among regions and even competition at the global level. A large number of existing and new destinations are competing for tourists in order to enhance their results, with destination image being one of the key sources of competitive advantage. When planning destination development, an emphasis must be placed on the formation of a p...

  1. Image analysis of a tourist destination: Malaga, Spain

    Almeida García, Fernando; Janire, Domínguez-Azkue

    2015-01-01

    The destination image is multidimensional in nature and the knowledge the individuals have of the destination and also their personal traits and opinions play an important role in it. Therefore, it is a complex construction in which the different information sources are decisive. Thus, the destination image plays a key role in both marketing and tourism location. The city of Malaga, located in Southern Spain, lies on the Costa del Sol (Coast of the Sun), a tourist area largely identified ...

  2. A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF TOURIST SATISFACTION AND DESTINATION LOYALTY

    Ahmad Puad Mat Som; Seyedeh Fatemeh Mostafavi Shirazi; Azizan Marzuki; Jamil Jusoh

    2011-01-01

    Revisit intention and positive word of mouth recommendation have been regarded as indicators of destination loyalty. This study considers antecedents of loyalty based on literature review and examines the significance of image, as one of the basic elements in tourist destination. The objective of this study was to assess destination loyalty by examining the influence of satisfaction and image factors on international tourists who had visited Penang. Research findings indicated that there was ...

  3. Effects of Films and Television Dramas on Destination Image

    Pars Şahbaz

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is bring up the effects of films and television dramas on destination image. Image is a picture and a imagery which ia about destination and also image affects the purchase decision making. The population of the study contains domestic tourists who visited Mardin. The result of the study suggests that there is a substantive relationship between destination images and films and television dramas.

  4. Effects of Films and Television Dramas on Destination Image

    Pars Şahbaz; Arzu Kılıçlar

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study is bring up the effects of films and television dramas on destination image. Image is a picture and a imagery which ia about destination and also image affects the purchase decision making. The population of the study contains domestic tourists who visited Mardin. The result of the study suggests that there is a substantive relationship between destination images and films and television dramas.

  5. RESEARCH ON TOURISM DESTINATIONS MARKETING FROM THE PUBLIC RELATIONS’ PERSPECTIVE

    Gabriela ARIONESEI; Ivan, Paul

    2012-01-01

    Nowadays, tourism destinations are more and more determined to build a unique and competitive identity and image in consumers’ minds. Even though the marketing of tourism destinations has been awarded an intended purpose, in practice there is a lack of steadiness, sometimes an unexplained deficiency of empirical academic research. In some countries, many without "a tradition in tourism", building a marketing strategy for travel destinations is based on artificial and without substance images/...

  6. Algorithm for Route Planning with Multiple Intermediate Destinations

    Mainali, Manoj Kanta; Mabu, Shingo; Hirasawa, Kotaro

    The optimal route recommendation in navigation systems is often considered to be the optimal route recommendation between two locations, i.e., an origin and a destination. However, in practical scenarios, traveling to several intermediate destinations before the final destination needs to be considered. Conventional route search algorithms cannot consider such restrictions in the route search. In this paper, a method to find the optimal route via several intermediate destinations is proposed. The proposed method is divided into three steps. In the first step, the conventional route search algorithm is used to find the optimal traveling time and optimal route among the origin, intermediate destinations and final destination. In the second step, the visiting order of the intermediate destination is optimized using the population based RasID-D (RasID-DP) to minimize the total traveling time. Finally, the optimal route from the origin to destination is determined based on the results of the previous steps. The proposed method is evaluated based on the efficiency of the optimization of the visiting order of intermediate destinations. Simulation results show that RasID-DP based optimization can find better solutions efficiently.

  7. Assessing the effectiveness of consumer narratives for destination marketing

    Tussyadiah, Iis; Park, S.; Fesenmaier, D.R.

    2011-01-01

    Using tourists' stories to promote destinations is believed to be an innovative approach in destination marketing. This study conceptualizes and investigates the effectiveness of such an approach. This study supports the underlying premise of introducing narrative in marketing, that is, the...... narrative reasoning that human beings possess with which they can retrieve information better through a story. Furthermore, it is argued that the increased knowledge of a destination will have a stronger effect on the intention to visit a destination if the audiences can identify themselves with the story...

  8. Predictors of trips to food destinations

    Kerr Jacqueline

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Food environment studies have focused on ethnic and income disparities in food access. Few studies have investigated distance travelled for food and did not aim to inform the geographic scales at which to study the relationship between food environments and obesity. Further, studies have not considered neighborhood design as a predictor of food purchasing behavior. Methods Atlanta residents (N = 4800 who completed a travel diary and reported purchasing or consuming food at one of five food locations were included in the analyses. A total of 11,995 food-related trips were reported. Using mixed modeling to adjust for clustering of trips by participants and households, person-level variables (e.g. demographics, neighborhood-level urban form measures, created in GIS, and trip characteristics (e.g. time of day, origin and destination were investigated as correlates of distance travelled for food and frequency of grocery store and fast food outlet trips. Results Mean travel distance for food ranged from 4.5 miles for coffee shops to 6.3 miles for superstores. Type of store, urban form, type of tour, day of the week and ethnicity were all significantly related to distance travelled for food. Origin and destination environment, type of tour, day of week, age, gender, income, ethnicity, vehicle access and obesity status were all significantly related to visiting a grocery store. Home neighborhood environment, day of week, type of tour, gender, income, education level, age, and obesity status were all significantly related to likelihood of visiting a fastfood outlet. Conclusions The present study demonstrated that people travel sizeable distances for food and this distance is related to urban. Results suggest that researchers need to employ different methods to characterize food environments than have been used to assess urban form in studies of physical activity. Food is most often purchased while traveling from locations other

  9. Bright Prospects for Argyle in Tourist Destinations

    2011-01-01

    China's tourist boom has created a huge market for resort hotels.Tourist attractions in second- and third-tier cities have become preferred destinations for hotel investors.Argyle Management Group (Australia) is taking the lead in this trend.Argyle Feiyunhu Resort Zhejiang Argyle Feiyunhu Resort Zhejiang in Wenzhou,currently under construction,is an excellent example.This five-star hotel enjoys transportation convenience both on land and on water.Guests can reach the hotel through a special tourist wharf.Located in the Feiyun Lake scenic area,the hotel will have complete equipment,with a conference center,a business center,a horseracing track and a miniature golf course.

  10. Destination Sequenced – Distance Vector Algorithm

    Anto Ramya. S. I

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET is an infrastructure where nodes communicate without any central administration. Nodes are connected through wireless channels and can use multiple hops to exchange data. Routing protocols are needed for communication in such networks. Each node acts both as a router and host concurrently, which can move out or join the network freely. The instantly created network does not have any base infrastructure as used in conventional networks, but it is compatible with conventional networks. This paper discusses about the Destination – Sequenced Distance Vector (DSDV which is a modification of the conventional Bellman-Ford routing algorithm. It addresses the drawbacks related to the poor looping properties of Routing Information Protocol (RIP in the face of broken links. The modification adapted in DSDV makes it more suitable routing protocol for MANETs. This paper discusses about the DSDV protocol and analyses the properties of DSDV when it is used for MANET routing.

  11. Ground waters quality assessment near solid municipal wastes and hazardous landfills; Valutazione della qualita' delle acque profonde in prossimita' di impianti di discarica per rifiuti solidi urbani e per rifiuti pericolosi

    Bellino, M.; Falleni, F.; Forte, T.; Musmeci, L. [Istituto Superiore di Sanita' , Rome (Italy). Lab. di Igiene Ambientale

    1999-07-01

    The report discusses the impact on ground waters quality in relation to municipal and similar waste landfills and hazardous waste landfills, examined in three landfills of first category and one landfill of second category type C. Analytical results from sampling of ground and leaching waters are reported; from these results it can be deduced that environmental impact is minimum or non-existent, where law criteria for construction and management of landfills are respected. [Italian] Il rapporto esamina l'impatto sulla qualita' delle acque profonde dovuto agli impianti di discarica per rifiuti solidi urbani e assimilabili e per rifiuti pericolosi, rispettivamente di tre discariche controllate di prima categoria ed una di seconda di tipo C. Vengono riportate le risultanze analitiche relative ai campionamenti per la costruzione e gestione delle discariche. L'impatto ambientale e' minimo se non assente.

  12. Monitoring of pesticides and nitrates on water, soil and agricultural production in the Bracciano lake district; Monitoraggio di pesticidi e nitrati nelle acque, suolo, e prodotti agricoli nel bacino del lago di Bracciano

    Caffarelli, V.; Correnti, A. [ENEA, Div. Biotecnologie e Agricoltura, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy); Cecchini, G.; Frugis, A.; Segatori, M. [WRc Italia SpA, Gruppo ACEA, Centro di Ricerca e Sviluppo, Rome (Italy); Conte, E.; Milani, R.; Morali, G. [Istituto Sperimentale per la Patologia Vegetale, Rome (Italy); Ciampi, G. [Agenzia Regionale per l' Innovazione e lo Sviluppo in Agricoltura del Lazio, Rome (Italy)

    2001-07-01

    In the Bracciano Lake district, in actuation of the 2081/93 EEC, obj. 5b, a study was carried out, aimed to the realisation of a territorial informative system and supply technical support to the farmers for phyto pathological problems. A monitoring program has been realized for pesticide and nitrate in environmental samples and agricultural products. Five hundred and sixteen samples have been collected and analysed, from march 1999 to October 2000: 191 samples of water (ground and surface water), 20 samples of soil, 340 samples of agricultural products (vegetables and fruit). Pesticides were found in irrigation water and soil samples; the irregularities on agricultural products, 3% could disappear if the treatments are correct and respect the label indications. [Italian] In attuazione del regolamento 2081/93 ECC ob.5 b, nel bacino del lago di Bracciano, e' stato realizzato uno studio mirato alla realizzazione di un sistema informativo territoriale e a fornire un supporto tecnico per la gestione della difesa fitosanitaria della produzione agricola. Una campagna di monitoraggio e' stata realizzata per l'analisi della presenza di pesticidi in campioni ambientali e nei prodotti agricoli. Sono stati prelevati e analizzati 516 campioni nel periodo marzo '99. Ottobre 2000: 191 campioni di acque superficiali e di falda, 20 campioni di suolo, 340 campioni (frutta e vegetali). Pesticidi sono stati ritrovati nelle acque di irrigazione e nel suolo; la presenza di irregolarita' riscontrate nel 3% dei prodotti agricoli, e' da attribuire a un uso non corretto dei prodotti fitosanitari.

  13. Inter-destination Media Synchronization for TV broadcasts

    Mekuria, R.N.

    2011-01-01

    This thesis presents a study on the application of inter-destination synchronization for TV-broadcasting. Inter-destination media synchronization implies synchronizing media output at different receivers. This thesis starts by investigating differences in media output between receivers of TV broadca

  14. Exploring Familiarity and Destination Choice in International Tourism

    Lee, G.; Tussyadiah, Iis

    2012-01-01

    tourists' characteristics and the destination choices. The results indicate that (1) teens and people in their 50s and above were interested in visiting more popular places, (2) tourists who are more familiar with Japan tended to visit less popular destinations, and (3) tourists with more travel...

  15. Moderating Effects of Craftourism on Place Attachment and Destination Loyalty

    Arup Kumar Baksi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Practice of traditional handicrafts play a significant role in enhancing destination attractiveness. Visitors assign considerable weightage to local craft practices to satisfy their desire to participate in the learning and production process, a case of role-reversal. Promoting this scope of role-reversal has been used by the Destination Marketing Organizations as differentiators. Craftourism has gained considerable momentum. This paper focuses on examining the moderating effects of craftourism on place attachment and destination loyalty. Dimensions of craftourism were identified by applying suitable statistical procedure. The results revealed craftourism, with option for visitors to enact role-reversal, improves the chances of destination loyalty following antecedent effects of place attachment. Keywords: craftourism, place attachment, destination loyalty, visitor, moderating

  16. HOW TO MAKE A DESTINATION MORE COMPETITIVE IN TOURISM

    GABRIEL SANDA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to make an overview on the concept of destination competitiveness, starting with the importance of tourism in the economy and ending with what actually means the concept, taking into consideration also the importance of developing quality tourism products.Powerful destinations manage to attract millions of tourists annually. The key of establishing proper strategies for tourism destinations is to determine the competitiveness of a tourism destination. This subject has been researched by many important researchers from the tourism area and the findings obtained can help marketers. It must also be taken into discussion the fact that competitiveness may not only relate to factors of related to the destination

  17. Online information Impact in the virtual destination image formation

    Célia Maria Conceição Salmim Rafael

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The influence of the destination image in the decision process and choice of destination by tourists is transverse to its intangible nature. Recent studies expand and modify the conventional image constructs specifying information sources transmitted through the internet. The scenario resulting from the literature review allows us to understand the importance of experience for touristic activity and theoretical proposition of virtual tourism as "virtual tourist experience", its determinants and its implications for the overall image destination formation. This study presents a literature review base to the empiric research proposal whose general objective comprises the analysis of the influence of factors, such as interactivity, in online communication and contact with virtual tourism experiences online in image destination formation and image destination.

  18. Destination Image And Tourism: A Study On Chandipur Beach Of Odisha

    Parida, Sandeep kumar

    2015-01-01

    In the competitive world Destination marketing gaining priority with its Destination image. The purpose of this study is to highlight destination image and its economic benefits to tourism industry, with special reference of Chandipur beach of Odisha. This paper also explains the promotion,packaging of destination, by public and private marketing planner with its unique product image. The first part of study is the extensive literature review of Destination image, its role in destination mark...

  19. Church, place, and crime: Latinos and homicide in new destinations.

    Shihadeh, Edward S; Winters, Lisa

    2010-01-01

    Latinos are moving beyond traditional areas and settling in new, potentially disorganized destinations. Without an established immigrant community, new destinations appear to rely more on the local religious ecology to regulate community life and to keep crime low. We examine the link between religious ecology and Latino homicide victimization for traditional and new destination counties. We observe four findings. (1) A Catholic presence has no effect on Latino violence in the old and well-organized traditional settlement areas. But in new Latino settlement areas, a Catholic presence substantially lowers violence against Latinos. In contrast, mainline Protestantism is linked to high levels of violence against Latinos in new destinations. (2) Previous claims that Latino communities are safe do not apply to new destinations, where Latinos are murdered at a high rate. (3) Previous claims that areas with high Latino immigration are safe for Latinos are not true for new destinations. (4) New Latino destinations offer little insulation from the effects of economic deprivation on violence. We discuss the implications of the findings. PMID:20879181

  20. Branding Serbia as a Tourist Destination on the Global Market

    Ivan Paunović

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Destination branding has become one of the most popular contemporary topics, both among tourism practitioners and politicians, because there is strong evidence that strong national destination brand supports commercial brands in industries related to tourism. Therefore, factors that influence destination brand loyalty are of crucial importance for understanding and promoting the brand. Building brand loyalty is not just about repeat buying, but also about building customers emotional attachment to the brand. Global growth and diversification of tourist markets has transformed destinations from “vacation industry” concept, to “industry of experience” concept.The study performed statistical tests with a goal to analyze the factors influencing brand loyalty in Serbia: age, length of stay and daily spending. Additionally, sub-brand loyalty levels are presented (by major destinations inside Serbia, markets of origin and by major themes for travel in order to identify groups of tourists that are more loyal, and the ones that are less loyal to the destination brand of Serbia. The study results and recommendations should be used as a contribution towards designing national and regional destination marketing strategies.

  1. A research for visitors’ perceptions towards Pamukkale destination

    Serkan Bertan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Determining visitor profiles and destination perceptions is useful to enhance competitiveness of Pamukkale as a destination, to contribute sustainable development and to identify strategies for the future. The main purpose of this study is searching the profiles and destination perceptions of visitors towards Pamukkale –as the destination of the thermal tourism city Denizli. For these purposes, German, English, Russian, Turkish and French questionnaires were applied in Pamukkale destination to the visitors who came to the city of Denizli. Out of 902 participants 889 completed the survey and analyzes were carried out of these who finished all of the survey. %42of visitors are domestic and %57 is foreign visitors. T-test and one-way variance analysis were applied to investigate the effect of country, gender, education and income status of visitors towards the attitudes of visitors to Pamukkale destination. Significant differences emerged when the effect of country, gender, education and income status of visitors towards the perceptions of Pamukkale destination is inspected. Scheffe Test was applied due to the significant results of variance analysis.

  2. [Which vaccinations for which travel-destination?].

    De Crom, Susan; Veit, Olivia; Hatz, Christoph

    2016-01-01

    Several vaccinations are recommended to protect international travellers, especially to tropical countries, from diseases in other parts of the world. Firstly, the routine schedule of childhood vaccinations and booster shots according to the Swiss immunisation programme should be checked, updated or even completed. Additional vaccinations against hepatitis A and B, typhoid fever, poliomyelitis, rabies or Japanese encephalitis may be recommended. This will depend on a number of factors including the exact destination and route (developing countries, rural areas), planned activities (backpacker, family visit, business trip), duration of travel, season, age of the traveller and current health status including the current medication and previous vaccinations. Some vaccinations, such as yellow fever, may be required for travellers to certain countries and the international certificate of vaccination may even be required when entering a country from another country where yellow fever is endemic. The international certificate of vaccination (or a letter of exemption when appropriate) is considered valid only if it is administered by an approved vaccination centre. Furthermore, the meningococcal vaccination (A, C, W, Y) is required for pilgrims to Saudi Arabia. It is recommended to start the vaccinations four to six weeks before departure to ensure enough time to administer all the necessary doses for an adequate immune response. All commonly used vaccines can be administered on the same day. The basic health insurance does not usually cover travel vaccines. PMID:27268450

  3. Planetary chaotic zone clearing: destinations and timescales

    Morrison, Sarah

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the orbital evolution of particles in a planet's chaotic zone to determine their final destinations and their timescales of clearing. There are four possible final states of chaotic particles: collision with the planet, collision with the star, escape, or bounded but non-collision orbits. In our investigations, within the framework of the planar circular restricted three body problem for planet-star mass ratio $\\mu$ in the range $10^{-9}$ to $10^{-1.5}$, we find no particles hitting the star. The relative frequencies of escape and collision with the planet are not scale-free, as they depend upon the size of the planet. For planet radius $R_p\\ge0.001R_H$ where $R_H$ is the planet's Hill radius, we find that most chaotic zone particles collide with the planet for $\\mu\\lesssim10^{-5}$; particle scattering to large distances is significant only for higher mass planets. For fixed ratio $R_p/R_H$, the particle clearing timescale, $T_{cl}$, has a broken power-law dependence on $\\mu$. A shallower power...

  4. SUSTAINABLE DESTINATION DESIGN – CASE STUDY VALJEVO, SERBIA

    Ivana Damnjanović

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The development of destination in accordance with modern tourism demand can ensure its competitive position. Application of sustainable development principles is one of the opportunities for achieving this goal. Modern travel demand is environmentally and socially responsible and tourism industry needs to respond appropriately. Serbia as undeveloped destination can become competitive if its management essentially complies with sustainability principles. In particular micro-destinations in Serbia that are not sufficiently developed or positioned can use sustainability movement as a basis for its (recreation. Research conducted in Valjevo as its result produced the destinations’ current potential for sustainability and competitiveness.

  5. Partners and innovation in American destination marketing organizations

    Zach, Florian

    2012-01-01

    study focuses on destination marketing organizations (DMOs) as they collaborate with destination businesses to assist in the development of new services in marketing the destination. A national survey among American DMOs indicates that partner collaboration is a significant driver of visitor......-orientated innovation. Specifically, innovation success was found to be driven solely by the development of market-oriented rather than strategyoriented new services, indicating that many of the American DMOs respond to visitor changes at the expense of providing new services that somehow do not fit within current...

  6. RESEARCH ON TOURISM DESTINATIONS MARKETING FROM THE PUBLIC RELATIONS’ PERSPECTIVE

    Gabriela ARIONESEI

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, tourism destinations are more and more determined to build a unique and competitive identity and image in consumers’ minds. Even though the marketing of tourism destinations has been awarded an intended purpose, in practice there is a lack of steadiness, sometimes an unexplained deficiency of empirical academic research. In some countries, many without "a tradition in tourism", building a marketing strategy for travel destinations is based on artificial and without substance images/perceptions of real and potential tourists. The paper describes the role of marketing in the domain of tourism, emphasizing the importance of public relations in the promotion process of the region of Bucovina.

  7. Research on Psychological Carrying Capacity of Tourism Destination

    Fan Zhiyong; Zhong Sheng

    2009-01-01

    As a part of the carrying capacity system of tourism destination,tourism psychological carrying capacity and its makeup are very important indexes which reflect the harmonious development of tourism destination develops harmoniously,but the academy has not paid enough attention to them.Based on the concept and connotation of psychological carrying capacity,this paper explains the influencing factors which affect the psychological capacity of the tourist and the resident after the acknowledged concept,and then designs a harmonious development model of tourism destination.Finally,it offers some countermeasures against the overloading psychological capacity.

  8. DIFFERENT PERCEPTIONS ABOUT TOURIST IDENTITY IN THE DANUBE GATE DESTINATION

    SABINA GHEORGHECI

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Thus, uncontrollable elements such as nice weather, nature/scenery, accessibility, transformed into controllable elements such as pleasant environment, relaxing atmosphere, infrastructure, can create a favourable artistic image that would determine the tourist to pick the destination. Uncontrollable elements such as local culture, diversity of sport activities, of restaurant, cafes etc. that can increase the value of a destination, transformed into controllable elements such as historical sites, events (cultural activities, festivals etc. form an environment where “there are plenty of things to do” and can create a favourable psychological image that will make the tourist return to this destination. The transformation of these attributes into advantages for the tourist, so that a destination can be differentiated, takes places within a positioning strategy.

  9. THE BRAND IMAGE OF A SMALL ISLAND DESTINATION

    Perunjodi Naidoo

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Brand image is a prominent marketing tool for destination marketers. A strong brand image implies having an upper-hand over competitors and thus preventing tourists from shifting their purchase intentions to other destinations. This paper examines the brand image attributes of a small island developing state. It also determines the gap between tourists’ expected and perceived brand image attributes. The study uses a focus group to guide the design of the questionnaire. Using factor analysis, the results indicate that the attributes performances exceed expectations, reinforcing the positive brand image of Mauritius. It is also found that the destination’s attractiveness, up-market products, tourist attractions and the tropical setting were among the key factors in determining the brand image of the destination. The study also suggests that over-promising promotional campaigns may affect the brand image of small island developing destinations.

  10. DMC as a creator of memorable experiences in tourist destination

    Romana Lekić; Željko Trezner; Nataša Mance

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to integrate some concepts of the Experience Economy and transformational offerings into a conceptual framework of transmodern experience production within tourist destination development. Methodology – We explain the relevance of a tourist experience and sensation, with the DMC space split into three components: the resource space, the activity space and the experience space. Such space gets a sociological connotation as the destination milieu and becom...

  11. The Effects of Superstition as Destination Attractiveness on Behavioral Intention

    Zhang, Yunzhou

    2012-01-01

    Superstitious beliefs date back thousands of years and continue to the present, and research suggests that superstitious beliefs have a robust influence on product satisfaction and decision making under risk. The study therefore examines how superstition attitude will impact potential touristsâ intention to visit a destination so that relevant organizations (e.g. destination management/marketing organizations) could better understand potential touristsâ behaviors, identify a niche market ...

  12. Sport Tourism and Destination Marketing. Case: Innsbruck and Lahti

    Ahvenainen, Jenni

    2013-01-01

    This thesis focuses on researching sport tourism and its role and importance in destination marketing in two cities, Innsbruck and Lahti. The aim of this study is to discover the strengths and weaknesses of these two cities as sport tourism destinations and find out how important a role sport tourism has in the marketing material produced by these cities. Additionally, this thesis provides some ideas on how to develop sport tourism further in the aforementioned cities. This thesis aims t...

  13. ROLE OF MEGA SPORT EVENTS ON BRANDING DESTINATIONS

    Abolfazl Farahani; Habib Honari; Hasan Asadi; Abdul Hamid Zeitoonly; Mohammad Pour Ranjbar

    2011-01-01

    Sporting events to help make creating beautiful scenery and unique areas to tourism. Thepurpose of this study was investigated the role of holding sporting events on destinationsBranding with hosted of mega sports event (Traditional Sport ;hors riding) on branding sportstourism destinations in Golestan province. Data from a questionnaire (Cronbach's alpha = 91%)and interviews were collected. Statistical population of this study was 217 patients (53 expert(cultural heritage; physical education...

  14. BRAND EQUITY OF LAHORE FORT AS A TOURISM DESTINATION BRAND

    Muhammad Kashif; Siti Zakiah Melatu Samsi; Syamsulang Sarifuddin

    2015-01-01

    Studies that measure the brand equity of destination brands by using the Customer-Based Brand Equity (CBBE) model in a developing country context are scarce. The present study investigates the destination brand equity of the Lahore Fort by employing the CBBE model in a developing country context of Pakistan. Following the positivist tradition, we adopted a survey-based approach to collect data from 237 tourists visiting the Lahore Fort. Data were collected through a questionnaire developed to...

  15. Development Strategies for Tourism Destinations: Tourism Sophistication vs. Resource Investments

    2012-01-01

    This paper investigates the effectiveness of development strategies for tourism destinations. We argue that resource investments unambiguously increase tourism revenues and that increasing the degree of tourism sophistication, that is increasing the variety of tourism related goods and services, increases tourism activity and decreases the perceived quality of the destination's resource endowment, leading to an ambiguous effect on tourism revenues. We disentangle these two effects and charact...

  16. POTENTIAL TOURIST DESTINATION DEVELOPMENT IN THE ISTRIAN COUNTRYSIDE

    Vodeb, Ksenija; Nemec Rudež, Helena

    2010-01-01

    The modern comprehension of tourist behaviour shows an urgent need to create a tourist destination as a system. Tourism supply needs to be integrated and well coordinated, including all necessary amenities for an enjoyable stay. The paper analyses tourists’ attitudes in coastal destinations of Istria towards sustainable tourist supply in the Istrian countryside. The Karst landscape of Istria consists of rural areas that provide ideal opportunities for rural tourism development. An empirica...

  17. Consuming post-disaster destinations: The case of Sichuan, China

    Biran, A; Liu, W.; Li, G.; Eichhorn, V

    2014-01-01

    Addressing the call for a better understanding of tourist behavior in relation to post-disaster destinations, this study explores the motivations and intentions of potential domestic tourists (from non-hit areas) to visit Sichuan, China in the aftermath of an earthquake. Drawing on dark tourism theories, this study offers a more comprehensive insight into the consumption of post-disaster destinations, aiming to capture the impact of the changes to the destination’s attributes on tourist behav...

  18. Gastronomy: a key element in how tourists experience their destination

    Milfelner, Borut; Lebe, Sonja Sibila

    2015-01-01

    In the present article tourist destination is considered from the viewpoint of experiencing its gastronomy. The theoretical part of the paper is dedicated to the presentation of the role of gastronomy as one of the crucial elements of tourists'' overall experience at their destination. The second part is empirical and based on field research. The data were gathered through an opinion poll based on a self-developed questionnaire, tailor-made for the measurement and validation of gastronomy exp...

  19. South Korea as a tourism destination for Finnish travellers

    Chu, Sujeong

    2016-01-01

    The objective of this thesis was to define South Korea as a tourism destination for Finnish travellers. South Korea seems not to be a very popular destination compared to other Asia country for Finnish travellers. This even though Finnair operates daily straight flight to Seoul and there are many business relationships going on between Finland and South Korea. Therefore, the main target respondent of the thesis is Finnish travellers. Research result from Finnish respondents can give evaluatio...

  20. WELLNESS TOURISM – COMPETITIVE BASIS OF EUROPEAN HEALTH TOURISM DESTINATION

    Milićević, Snežana; Jovanović, Duško

    2015-01-01

    Wellness tourism, as global phenomenon of the 21st century, has become an imperative for the successful development of health tourism destinations. Millions of tourists travel to destinations all over the world every day, with one goal - to preserve and improve their mental and physical health. Tourism market is characterised by intensive changes, so the task of the health tourism destinations’ management is to follow those changes vigilantly, in order to be able to adjust their offer to the ...

  1. Destination brands and website evaluation: a research methodology

    Fernández-Cavia, J. (José)

    2013-01-01

    Introduction:The World Wide Web has become the primary instrument used by tourists in order to search for information. As a result, tourism websites pertaining to destinations need to be appealing and must convey their brand image in an appropriate, effective manner. However, there is no methodology in place to assess the quality and communicative effectiveness of destination websites that is scientifically sound and universally accepted. The development of such a methodology is one of the ta...

  2. Assessing Tourist Experience Satisfaction with a Heritage Destination

    Yuan YAO

    2013-01-01

    The research is concerned with understanding the relationships among heritage motivation, travel experience, and overall satisfaction. It attempts to uncover how tourist motivation, destination attribute performance, and tourist emotional involvement interact and, at the same time, contribute toward a satisfying heritage tourism experience. The empirical research was conducted at the city of Nanjing, China, as a case of a heritage destination. People who were visiting Nanjing were randomly an...

  3. Cross-border tourism: Spain and Portugal, a common destination

    Maiz-Bar, Carmen; Pardellas, Xulio; Padin, Carmen

    2015-01-01

    A new approach to the analysis of the border between Spain and Portugal, a basically rural territory, requires a debate about local development problems, among which we can find the effects of its configuration as a common tourist destination. This paper presents an assessment of several elements for that debate, and the common resources that can define the area as a common tourist destination. A design model is also provided, which can enable territory planning through the appraisal of those...

  4. How to develop sustainable tourism in rural destinations in Serbia

    Štetić Snežana; Šimičević Dario

    2008-01-01

    The classical distinction between countries of tourist offer and countries of tourist demand has already been surpassed considering that many countries of tourist demand (USA, Germany, Great Britain …) earn much more from tourism than the countries of tourist offer (Italy, Greece, Portugal …). The changes in customers' behaviour are reflected through restructuring of tourist movements towards new destinations. What is essential in creating, promoting and marketing tourist destinations for the...

  5. Competitiveness of Croatian Destinations Through Online Marketing Indicators

    Jasmina Grzinic; Mirela Sucic Cevra

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to determine whether destinations in Croatia follow the trend of the modern market by ensuring first impression quality through an online campaign. The World Tourist Organisation (UNWTO: 2008) takes into consideration categories of web page quality evaluation such as: information level of the destination web site, level of accuracy, level of consistency, type and quality of interaction with visitors, value of visual identity. Web site development requires a user c...

  6. Inter-destination Media Synchronization for TV broadcasts

    Mekuria, R.N.

    2011-01-01

    This thesis presents a study on the application of inter-destination synchronization for TV-broadcasting. Inter-destination media synchronization implies synchronizing media output at different receivers. This thesis starts by investigating differences in media output between receivers of TV broadcasts at different locations and different technologies. To do this a measurement scheme is developed using media mining techniques and the fact that differences were found to be relatively fixed bet...

  7. Sustainable Cultural Tourism in Urban Destinations: Does Space Matter?

    Ibon Aranburu; Beatriz Plaza; Marisol Esteban

    2016-01-01

    Policy makers and tourism developers must understand visitors’ mobility behavior and how they consume space and tourism resources in order to set up sustainable cultural tourism destinations. With this in mind, it should also be pointed out that the mobility patterns of tourists in urban destinations are mainly located in the city center (spatial centrality), the analysis of which enables us to define “how central” the resources (museums, monuments, etc.) are and what the interactions between...

  8. Affective tourism destination image: the case of Portorož

    Helena Nemec Rudež (ed.)

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate perceptions of tourists regarding affective tourism destination image of Portorož. Design/methodology/approach – Four semantic differential scales, proposed by Russel and Pratt, were used to for this study to measure pleasant/unpleasant, arousing/sleepy, exciting/gloomy and relaxing/distressing dimensions of affective tourism destination image. The survey instrument was a structured questionnaire. Data were collected across several locatio...

  9. Islands and Destination Image: The Case of Ios

    Stylidis, Dimitrios; Terzidou, Matina; Terzidis, Konstantinos

    2007-01-01

    This study was conducted to identify the image of Ios as a tourist destination as perceived by the visitors, in order to contribute to the formation of an effective marketing plan. The strengths and weaknesses of the image of Ios were measured and presented, accompanied with a number of recommendations. The findings revealed that Ios has a very strong destination image as a party island, with the majority of the visitors being international young students coming to enjoy the relaxing atmosphe...

  10. Country and destination image : similar or different image objects

    Kleppe, Ingeborg Astrid; Mossberg, Lena Larsson

    2001-01-01

    Country Image and Destination Image research exist as two parallel research tracks with almost no cross-references although the concepts refers to almost the same area of applied marketing, namely export products to international consumer markets. In this paper we aim to determine how Country Image and Destination Image refer to the same image objects. Concepts related to Country Image are organized in a hierarchical framework where country image is seen as an image pool for product related i...

  11. Online information Impact in the virtual destination image formation

    Célia Maria Conceição Salmim Rafael; Aurélia Maria da Silva Guerra Rodrigues de Almeida

    2014-01-01

    The influence of the destination image in the decision process and choice of destination by tourists is transverse to its intangible nature. Recent studies expand and modify the conventional image constructs specifying information sources transmitted through the internet. The scenario resulting from the literature review allows us to understand the importance of experience for touristic activity and theoretical proposition of virtual tourism as "virtual tourist experience", its determinants a...

  12. The image of Helsinki as a cultural tourism destination

    Matikainen, Petteri

    2015-01-01

    Cultural tourism has been increasing constantly during the last decades and has become one of the most essential sections of tourism industry. Culture influences strongly on decisions to travel and it is often placed on the key role in tourism strategies. Similarly a strong destination image is inevitable in order to success in highly competed tourism industry. The purpose of this study is to examine the image of Helsinki as a cultural tourism destination. The main objective is to examine...

  13. THE IMPORTANCE OF COGNITIVE DETERMINANTS IN TOURISM DESTINATION IMAGE FORMATION

    Pavlić, Ivana

    2013-01-01

    The increasingly pronounced global ties, which affect social, economic, political, technological and cultural fields, have left a large imprint on the tourism market. There is growing competitiveness between tourism destinations, which try to find the best development strategy under the newly-arisen conditions. Under contemporary tourism development conditions, a destination must be observed as a basic functional unit that can respond to the demands of the modern tourism market by using its u...

  14. Destination benchmarking: facilities, customer satisfaction and levels of tourist expenditure

    Metin KOZAK

    2000-01-01

    An extensive review of past benchmarking literature showed that there have been a substantial number of both conceptual and empirical attempts to formulate a benchmarking approach, particularly in the manufacturing industry. However, there has been limited investigation and application of benchmarking in tourism and particularly in tourist destinations. The aim of this research is to further develop the concept of benchmarking for application within tourist destinations and to evaluate its...

  15. UNDERSTANDING THE ROLE OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN DESTINATION MARKETING

    Wendy Lange-Faria; Statia Elliot

    2012-01-01

    Social media in the context of destination marketing is a growing area of study, and judging by the exponential growth in social networks over recent years, the demand for research will continue. This paper provides a review of the literature to date on social media use by destination marketing organizations (DMOs). A growing number of travellers are influenced by user generated content, presenting a number of challenges and opportunities to DMOs. This review seeks to synthesize existing rese...

  16. Destination memory and cognitive theory of mind in normal ageing.

    El Haj, Mohamad; Raffard, Stéphane; Gély-Nargeot, Marie-Christine

    2016-04-01

    Destination memory is the ability to remember the destination to which a piece of information has been addressed (e.g., "Did I tell you about the promotion?"). This ability is found to be impaired in normal ageing. Our work aimed to link this deterioration to the decline in theory of mind. Forty younger adults (M age = 23.13 years, SD = 4.00) and 36 older adults (M age = 69.53 years, SD = 8.93) performed a destination memory task. They also performed the False-belief test addressing cognitive theory of mind and the Reading the mind in the eyes test addressing affective theory of mind. Results showed significant deterioration in destination memory, cognitive theory of mind and affective theory of mind in the older adults. The older adults' performance on destination memory was significantly correlated with and predicted by their performance on cognitive theory of mind. Difficulties in the ability to interpret and predict others' mental states are related to destination memory decline in older adults. PMID:25768052

  17. PLANETARY CHAOTIC ZONE CLEARING: DESTINATIONS AND TIMESCALES

    Morrison, Sarah; Malhotra, Renu [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States)

    2015-01-20

    We investigate the orbital evolution of particles in a planet's chaotic zone to determine their final destinations and their timescales of clearing. There are four possible final states of chaotic particles: collision with the planet, collision with the star, escape, or bounded but non-collision orbits. In our investigations, within the framework of the planar circular restricted three body problem for planet-star mass ratio μ in the range 10{sup –9} to 10{sup –1.5}, we find no particles hitting the star. The relative frequencies of escape and collision with the planet are not scale-free, as they depend upon the size of the planet. For planet radius R{sub p} ≥ 0.001 R{sub H} where R{sub H} is the planet's Hill radius, we find that most chaotic zone particles collide with the planet for μ ≲ 10{sup –5}; particle scattering to large distances is significant only for higher mass planets. For fixed ratio R{sub p} /R{sub H} , the particle clearing timescale, T {sub cl}, has a broken power-law dependence on μ. A shallower power law, T {sub cl} ∼ μ{sup –1/3}, prevails at small μ where particles are cleared primarily by collisions with the planet; a steeper power law, T {sub cl} ∼ μ{sup –3/2}, prevails at larger μ where scattering dominates the particle loss. In the limit of vanishing planet radius, we find T {sub cl} ≈ 0.024 μ{sup –3/2}. The interior and exterior boundaries of the annular zone in which chaotic particles are cleared are increasingly asymmetric about the planet's orbit for larger planet masses; the inner boundary coincides well with the classical first order resonance overlap zone, Δa {sub cl,} {sub int} ≅ 1.2 μ{sup 0.28} a{sub p} ; the outer boundary is better described by Δa {sub cl,} {sub ext} ≅ 1.7 μ{sup 0.31} a{sub p} , where a{sub p} is the planet-star separation.

  18. Sustainable Cultural Tourism in Urban Destinations: Does Space Matter?

    Ibon Aranburu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Policy makers and tourism developers must understand visitors’ mobility behavior and how they consume space and tourism resources in order to set up sustainable cultural tourism destinations. With this in mind, it should also be pointed out that the mobility patterns of tourists in urban destinations are mainly located in the city center (spatial centrality, the analysis of which enables us to define “how central” the resources (museums, monuments, etc. are and what the interactions between them are. Comprehending which factors influence visitors’ urban mobility behavior is key to understanding tourists’ consumption of space and their connections with the tourism assets of the city. Furthermore, when tourists visit a destination, they make a mental representation of the destination, constructing a mental map of it. Thus, tourists consume not only spaces but also the image of a city/destination. Moreover, the latter influences the former. The quality of surrounding architecture and urbanism plays a crucial role in enhancing the experiential value of a destination and influencing space consumption preferences. Clearly, visitors are more likely to use/consume environments that are easily navigated and mentally legible. In order to explore these patterns, a real experiment was performed based on visitor behavior in the city of Bilbao. In addition, the central places of Bilbao were determined and an analysis of the spatial interaction between cultural sites was performed, making use of a new methodology based on GPS technologies, network analysis, and surveys. This methodology is the main contribution of this work. The results suggest that (1 easy mobility (walkability, accessibility, different transport modes of the visited space facilitates the tourist experience; (2 simple and eligible mental maps of the city that are easily perceived by visitors facilitate the rapid consumption of the tourist destination; and (3 the centrality of the

  19. Sustainable development applied to the Italian territorial planning, sustainable management of the renewable and un renewable resources; Problematiche territoriali relative al suolo, al sottosuolo, alle acque e contributo allo sviluppo sostenibile nazionale

    Basili, M.; Colonna, N.; Del Ciello, R.; Grauso, S.; Napoleoni, S.; Zarlenga, F. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Ambiente

    1998-07-01

    The paper carries out on analysis on the state of the art about sustainable development applied to the territorial planning. Tree types of approach to the sustainability are described: social, economic and environmental, using a large bibliography starting from the Bruntland report. The Italian situation is discussed. An operative proposal on the sustainable management of the renewable and un renewable resources: groundwater, soil and building materials are defined for the Italian context. [Italian] Nel lavoro vengono descritti i principi generali dello sviluppo sostenibile ed i tre tipi di approccio derivanti dall'analisi dell'imponente bibliografia degli ultimi quindici anni, a partire dal rapporto Bruntland che per primo ne ha preso in considerazione i concetti. Vengono proposte tre architetture logiche per procedure di gestione sostenibile delle risorse nel contesto istituzionale italiano.

  20. Exploring the Destination Branding Process: A Case Study of the Greek Island of Rhodes

    BONIATI, SMARAGDA

    2009-01-01

    The destination brand is defined as a ‘name, symbol, logo, word or other graphic that both identifies and differentiates the destination; it conveys the promise of a memorable travel experience that is uniquely associated with the destination; it also serves to consolidate and reinforce the recollection of pleasurable memories of destination experience’ (Ritchie and Ritchie, 1998, p.277). Furthermore, the destination brand is also defined as ‘a unique combination of product characteristi...

  1. IMPORTANT - PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS AS A TOOL IN DESTINATION MARKETING

    Eleina QIRICI

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The Korça Region is located in the Southeast of Albania and borders Greece and Macedonia to the South and the East. It is a mountainous region with two major lakes, Lake Ohrid, the oldest lake in Europe, which is shared with Macedonia and Lake Prespa which is shared with Greece and Macedonia (100km2 in Albania.If we consider the last years, there is an increasing tendency to improve the tourist facilities and to attract the tourist market which is interested for activities in open nature and relax in fresh and pure air. These demands could be met very well in Korca destination which is characterized by suitable climatic conditions and tourist services. Eventually a combination of development of town tourism and tourist villages helped the sustainability of the development of Korca as tourist destination in general.The main purpose of this paper is to present the using of important - performance analysis in marketing destination for the development of tourism.Highlights: (1 the paper considers multifarious goals of the destination management; (2 a computer booking system is used by hotels and guest houses in the region; (3 the relationship between what a tourists wants to find in a destination and that he finds in fact.

  2. The Branding of Kharkov City as a Tourist Destination

    Danko Nataliya I.

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of analyzing publications and documents of the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO, the authors clarified the concept of «tourist destination»; considered and clarified the concept of «brand of the tourist destination»; suggested the mechanism for development of the brand of the tourist destination. The existing brand of Kharkiv – «Kharkiv – smart city» – has been analyzed and it was concluded that this brand is promising and successful for educational tourism, for attracting foreign students and scholars – connoisseurs of new technologies and science fiction. The direction of further work on the brand of Kharkiv city as a tourist destination is to enhance the already existing brand «Kharkiv – smart city» by introducing a set of marketing communications, aggressive advertising campaign in Ukrainian and international media and travel exhibitions. Besides, it is considered to be promising to design brands intended for other target segments of consumers – «Kharkiv – historic city», «Kharkiv – sport city», etc., which will lead to a synergistic effect in the tourism industry of Kharkiv. Prospects for further research in this direction are studying new strategic directions of development of Kharkiv city as a tourist destination

  3. The Spatial Structure of Rural Recreational Tourism Destinations

    Hongna; LI; Liang; ZHAO

    2013-01-01

    We select 149 rural recreational tourism destinations in Liaoning Province as the samples, and use geographical mathematical method to analyze the travel spatial structure of rural recreational tourism destinations from aggregation degree of spatial distribution, the balance of spatial distribution, spatial connection and spatial accessibility. The results show that the spatial distribution of tourism destinations shows the gathering distribution pattern, and the evenness of the distribution is very low, displaying strong neighboring positive effect; the accessibility of traffic network is high, and basically the dense tourist traffic network is formed; the nodes with the best accessibility are mainly concentrated in the city groups of central Liaoning and the southern regions of Liaoning, while the nodes with poor accessibility are mainly concentrated in the city groups of western Liaoning and the eastern regions of Liaoning.

  4. Sochi Market Analysis as a Health Tourism Destination

    Nadezhda K. Serdyukova

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article considers major characteristics of Sochi market as a health tourism destination, analyses the structure of resort collective accommodation facilities, dynamics of tourist flows and their structure, prevailing kinds of tourism and estimates tourist flows of health tourism in Sochi in 2008-2012. The authors indicate major characteristics and trends of Sochi tourist market development and the prospects of Sochi development as a health tourism destination. The percent of health tourist flow in the general tourist flow of Sochi and the percent of domestic tourist flow in the sector of collective accommodation facilities are estimated. The authors came to the conclusion that to develop tourism in Sochi in post-Games period, it is necessary to promote Sochi as a health tourism destination.

  5. Solutions for Destination Management on Agri-Tourism Farm

    Ioan Petroman

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Farm tourism can be an alternative to agricultural jobs in rural communities with real agri-tourism potential. To improve destination management, we need to implement a type of management based on knowledge management. A second type of management that is a must in farm tourism is the integrated management of agri-tourism destination quality based on a code of good practices in the integrated management of quality. In order to improve agri-tourism management quality, we need to apply best management practices, i.e. 15 basic principles that contribute to the improvement of farm tourism management. These three types of management, if implemented on any agri-tourism farm, can contribute to the improvement of destination management.

  6. Modelling the Image Research of a Tourism Destination

    Nicolae Teodorescu

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The problematic area of the tourism destination image has a high expansion in marketing, the efforts of its conceptualization and phenomenalism being remarkable among specialists. In this context, the authors propose a systemic approach, the result of which refers to a model regarding the image research of a tourism destination, whose validation has been attained using Transalpina destination. The model created by the authors envisages morphological features and specific functional relationships, which are consistent with the marketing theory, and, in context, with the consumer behaviour theory. The conceptualmethodological solutions are magnified by applicative-experimental validations, which enhance the theoretical and practical valences of the created model. The main direction of developing the elaborated model consists in efforts of formalization and abstracting, in the perspective offered by several scientific disciplines.

  7. Long Journey Travel to Tourist Destination: A Review Paper

    Shahrin Norkamaliah

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Tourists are now more open in selecting tourist destination. The number of holiday trips were growing rapidly. There were various promotions available to attract tourists to travel either within or outside the country. Travel distance is not an obstacle for tourists to travel, regardless of local and foreign destination. This study will be conducted to identify the motivation of long journey travel that involves push and pull factors. The long journey involves distance, cost and the type of transportation used to get to the destination. For this purpose a comprehensive review and discussion on previous sources which involved a variety of secondary data sources will be used to meet every need of the study objectives. The finding showed that the travel distance was dependent on the motivation for tourists to travel and the type of transport they want to use. Mode of transport used has advantages and disadvantages for long journey travel depending on traveller choice.

  8. Detección molecular del virus de la hepatitis E en hígados de cerdo destinados al consumo humano en el estado de Nuevo León, México Molecular detection of hepatitis E virus in pig livers destined for human consumption in the state of Nuevo Leon, Mexico

    Marco Antonio Cantú-Martínez

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Detección molecular del virus de la hepatitis E (VHE en hígado de cerdo para consumo humano en Nuevo León, México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS Se analizaron 127 hígados de cerdo (87 obtenidos de rastros TIF, y 40 de carnicerías mediante RT-PCR semianidado para amplificar un fragmento de 212 pb del gen ORF2 del VHE. RESULTADOS: El 19.5% (17 de los hígados de rastros y 22.5% (9 de carnicerías fueron positivos. La secuenciación mostró 94-95% de homología con el genotipo 3. CONCLUSIONES: Los resultados indican que el VHE circula en granjas porcinas del estado, lo que constituye una probable fuente de contaminación para los productos cárnicos porcinos.OBJECTIVE: Molecular detection of HEV in pig livers destined for human consumption in Nuevo Leon, Mexico. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 87 livers were collected from pigs slaughtered in TIF and 40 livers from butchers. A 212 pb fragment of HEV ORF2 gene was amplified by semi-nested RT-PCR. RESULTS: 19.54% (17 of tif's and 22.5% (9 of buthcer's livers were positive for HEV. Sequencing of the amplified products showed a 94%-95% homology with the sequences reported for genotype 3. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate that HEV is circulating in swine herds in the state, constituting a probable source of contamination of pig meat products.

  9. How to develop sustainable tourism in rural destinations in Serbia

    Štetić Snežana

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The classical distinction between countries of tourist offer and countries of tourist demand has already been surpassed considering that many countries of tourist demand (USA, Germany, Great Britain … earn much more from tourism than the countries of tourist offer (Italy, Greece, Portugal …. The changes in customers' behaviour are reflected through restructuring of tourist movements towards new destinations. What is essential in creating, promoting and marketing tourist destinations for the specific tourism forms development is the identification of all the positive and negative factors that influence the development of these destinations. Converting a potential into a tourist destination depends on many factors both in qualitative and in quantitative sense. Discovering an area of preserved environment that also possesses attractive motifs presents the beginning of the possible tourist destination creating. Further 'destiny' of a tourist destination depends on its planning and development intensity. Rural tourism is a significant component of integral and sustainable development and revitalization of the village, as well as a component that is missing in stimulating the local market development for agricultural and non-agricultural activities in the country, along with a special stimulation to employment. Serbia possesses remarkable natural resources and other potentials for the development of all forms of rural tourism. However, rural tourism in Serbia is an insufficiently organized field that is not being developed adequately to the possibilities available to it. That is why this paper wants to point out the potential opportunities for the development of rural tourism in Serbia through sustainable development and correct performance policy on both national and international tourist market.

  10. National destination marketing organisations and Web 2.0

    Jim Hamill; Daniela Attard; Alan Stevenson

    2009-01-01

    National destination marketing organisations and Web 2.0 - Based on a detailed review of 25 web sites, supported by in-depth personal interviews, this paper evaluates the strategic response of European DMOs to the global marketing opportunities and threats presented by the rapid growth of Web 2.0. The main conclusion is that national DMOs, from the leading tourist destinations in Europe, have made only limited progress in this area. Much still needs to be done before they are fully utilising ...

  11. Tourism Destinations Network Analysis, Social Network Analysis Approach

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The tourism industry is becoming one of the world's largest economical sources, and is expected to become the world's first industry by 2020. Previous studies have focused on several aspects of this industry including sociology, geography, tourism management and development, but have paid less attention to analytical and quantitative approaches. This study introduces some network analysis techniques and measures aiming at studying the structural characteristics of tourism networks. More specifically, it presents a methodology to analyze tourism destinations network. We apply the methodology to analyze mazandaran’s Tourism destination network, one of the most famous tourism areas of Iran.

  12. Solutions for Destination Management on Agri-Tourism Farm

    Ioan Petroman; Cornelia Marin; Constantin Buzatu; Adrian Dumitrescu; Ştefan Coman; Andreea Stan; Daniela Avramescu

    2012-01-01

    Farm tourism can be an alternative to agricultural jobs in rural communities with real agri-tourism potential. To improve destination management, we need to implement a type of management based on knowledge management. A second type of management that is a must in farm tourism is the integrated management of agri-tourism destination quality based on a code of good practices in the integrated management of quality. In order to improve agri-tourism management quality, we need to apply best mana...

  13. UNDERSTANDING THE ROLE OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN DESTINATION MARKETING

    Wendy Lange-Faria

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Social media in the context of destination marketing is a growing area of study, and judging by the exponential growth in social networks over recent years, the demand for research will continue. This paper provides a review of the literature to date on social media use by destination marketing organizations (DMOs. A growing number of travellers are influenced by user generated content, presenting a number of challenges and opportunities to DMOs. This review seeks to synthesize existing research, theories and concepts, in order to understand how social media applications are being used by tourism authorities, and to provide a bridge from past research to future success.

  14. The effects of channel power, destination attractiveness and destination political risk events on U.S. tourism channel firms' performance :the case of tourism destinations in Africa

    Brown, Desmond Omotayo

    1996-01-01

    NOTE: Pages 133-134 are missing and there are 2 copies of page 31. see document This is an exploratory study that empirically examines the relationships between United States' tourism channel firms' power, African country destination's political risk events and touristic attributes and their effects on firm performance. Tourism channel firm performance is conceptualized as having five dimensions: the number of trips generated, repeat business, package tour sales, profits and ...

  15. An empirical survey on perceived value from tourism destination based on brand equity model: A case study of Qeshm Island

    Vahid Qaemi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Tourism destination brand equity is defined as all assets (or debts of brands provided with name and symbol of tourism destination to make changes in value services of experiences. In many cases, brand equity is more than physical assets. This survey performs an investigation to identify effective factors in tourism destination equity, cause and affects relationships, and proposes a model for perceived value of tourism destination. The proposed study is performed in one of free islands named Gheshm. The preliminary results indicate that there is a positive relationship between tourism destination brand awareness and destination brand equity, tourism destination brand image, destination brand equity and tourism destination brand loyalty.

  16. Destination brands and website evaluation: a research methodology

    J Fernández-Cavia

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction:The World Wide Web has become the primary instrument used by tourists in order to search for information. As a result, tourism websites pertaining to destinations need to be appealing and must convey their brand image in an appropriate, effective manner. However, there is no methodology in place to assess the quality and communicative effectiveness of destination websites that is scientifically sound and universally accepted. The development of such a methodology is one of the tasks we have proposed within the framework of the research project: “New strategies for advertising and promoting Spanish tourism brands online” (CSO2008-02627, funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation. Method: The project team have developed an interdisciplinary, all-embracing analysis template combining certain automated analyses with other qualitative and quantitative ones. The template comprises a total of 12 subject areas and 154 indicators prepared on the basis of contributions from prominent experts in each of the fields of work. This article sets out the analysis methodology drawn up and possible applications are given. Results: The primary aim of the project is to provide an assessment methodology that would make it possible to optimise destination brand websites, thus providing a tool to support the work of public tourism destination managers.

  17. Gornergrat and Jungfraujoch - two exciting destinations for tourism and research

    Flückiger, E. O.

    2016-05-01

    After having been made accessible by two of the first cog railways in Europe more than 100 years ago, Gornergrat and Jungfraujoch became two extraordinary places: both are well known worldwide as exciting tourist destinations, and at the same time they are unique research sites. This article illustrates this duality in relation with the International Foundation HFSJG.

  18. YouTube's Role in Destination Image Creation

    Hrvoje Jakopović

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary promotion of tourist destinations represents a challenge and gives rise to many questions in a regard to numerous ways of communicating and transferring information. With concern to modern communication practices in society and due to fast-paced lifestyle, individuals are looking for information online and are making decisions based on available Internet data. Attracting tourists through traditional promotional techniques such as brochures, leaflets, printed guidebooks, fairs and festivals are unsufficient with a respect to the rising number of online users. Promotion of tourism is based on destination image which is created through direct or mediated experience and projected on the minds of individuals. It is greatly dependent on available information mostly visual. YouTube is a popular video sharing site that counts over one billion users. It gives open access to a great number of videos and therefore could have an important role in promoting tourist destinations. The website was firstly used for non-commercial purposes but today it is very attractive for advertisers. The author examines phenomena of YouTube and its potential for destination image creation. The aim of this article is to give an insight on characteristics of promotional videos used for tourism and to explore how various national and local tourist boards can use them on YouTube. The author identifies the public relations profession’s role in creation of promotional audio-visual material.

  19. A GEOGRAPHICALANALYSIS OF TOURIST DESTINATION IN AND AROUND SOLAPUR

    S. C. Advitot

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available :-Tourism is one of the leading industry. It is a multidimensional industry generating various type of impacts. The present paper aims to highlight existing tourist destinations in and around Solapur. The secondary data has been used for this paper. The collected data has been analyzed with the help of statistical and cartographic techniques. Destinations were marked with a Buffering technique, it is useful for planning purpose. The exist survey of 150 tourists at each destination reveals that the growth trend of tourists. The study reveals that the flow of tourist to Solapur as compare to Maharashtra state was explained in ratio, which was highest in the month of September (4.05. Foreign tourists were very negligible in number. There are number of pilgrimage destinations adjoining to Osmanabad district and Karnataka State. A Tourist Travel Circuit will emerge in this region irrespective of political boundaries. The present study suggests that there will be a wide scope for creating large-scale employment from the most specialized to the unskilled (HR if special package is given for tourism development.

  20. Migration and "Low-Skilled" Workers in Destination Countries

    Benach, Joan; Muntaner, Carles; Delclos, Carlos; Menéndez, María; Ronquillo, Charlene

    2011-01-01

    In the fourth article in a six-part PLoS Medicine series on Migration & Health, Joan Benach and colleagues discuss the specific health risks and policy needs associated with migration in destination countries, especially for low-skilled and illegal migrant workers.

  1. Destination Attractiveness of the Silos and Smokestacks National Heritage Area

    Choi, Puyong

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of destination attractiveness of the Silos and Smokestacks National Heritage Area (SSNHA) in Iowa using the relative attractiveness and importance of the 15 attributes identified by Gearing, Swart, and Var's (1974) scale and 3 attributes identified by Hu and Ritchie (1993). These…

  2. Tourist Information Search and Destination Choice in a Digital Age

    Kristian Steen Jacobsen, Jens; Munar, Ana Maria

    2012-01-01

    This study provides empirical evidence of self-reported impacts of selected electronic and other information sources on international tourists' destination choices regarding a popular, mature and mainstream summer holiday location. It is shown that traditional information provisions such as direct......-making, utilitarian information values seem more relevant than socialisation opportunities....

  3. THE FESTIVALS AS A TOOL ON OHRID TOURISM DESTINATION BRANDING

    Zoran Strezovski

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of the paper is about festivals in the southern west city in the Republic of Macedonia – Ohrid, empirical research of influence of the Ohrid summer festival on Ohrid tourism destination branding. Its strength to attract foreign tourist and the role of Ohrid municipality and tourism stockholders to use festival as a tool to attract more foreign tourist and branding Ohrid as a tourism destination. Nowadays, many tourist organization develop strategy for creating or support festivals on their destination. The festivals have strong influence of the destination attracting many foreign tourist. Some cities are branding as a festival cities, attract over million visitors per year. Ohrid summer festival as a member of European festival association, is the most important festival in Ohrid city but also in the country. The festival has the role to promote and present culture achievements from the country but also it is attractive factor for foreign tourist to visit Ohrid city and the region in the summer period. It is held from 12 of July until 20 of August each year. Ohrid municipality should incorporate Ohrid summer festival and other festivals in general promotion on Ohrid city. It should support and create new festivals.This paper presents an action research conducted on a sample of 150 foreign visitors on Ohrid summer festival during the festival from 12 July till 20 august 2010.

  4. ROLE OF INTERVENING OPPORTUNITY IN TOURIST DESTINATION DEVELOPMENT

    PAN Li-li; BAO Ji-gang

    2005-01-01

    Intervening opportunity is an important factor in spatial interaction, and has very important impacts on tourist destination development in a region. There are few literatures on this topic in tourist researches, and especially in China fewer tourist researchers pay attention to intervening opportunity theory. This article, taking Lin'an as a case study, aims to introduce intervening opportunity theory in tourist destination development by the comprehensive analysis of some data including literatures, Intemet information, longitudinal data and some tourist surveys. Both quaitative and quantitative methods are all used in this research. Firstly, the authors expatiate upon the definition of intervening opportunity, by reviewing the literatures in detail, take Lin'an of Zhejiang Province as a case study, and then analyze some necessary factors of intervening opportunity, such as regional tourist demands and supplies, tourist attractions, spatial distance and transportation, tourist images and costs, regional competition and cooperation in tourist destinations. Finally the impacts of intervening opportunity on Lin'an tourist development are analyzed in detail. The results show that intervening opportunity do not occur everywhere, and there must be some critical factors, and intervening opportunity surely plays important roles in tourist destination development. The tourist development in Lin'an is attributed to intervening opportunity of the spatial location between Hangzhou and Huangshan that are two famous tourist cities in China, and the occurrence of intervening opportunities in Lin'an is the integration of some external and internal factors.

  5. Browsing the Web for Shoosing a Touristic Destination

    Dhouka Oueldoubey Habibeche; Imed Zaiem

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays, a new solution for choosing a tourism destination is to use Internet. In fact, this media gives us an opportunity to discover an unlimited number of offers due to the characteristics of website atmosphere. That’s why this paper aims to conceptualize a particular behavior on the net: E-Browsing.

  6. Images of safe tourism destinations in the United States held by African Americans

    Bingjie Liu

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Ensuring a safe destination is an essential factor in travelers’ decision-making, as well as a destination’s success. Recent crises have threatened perceptions of safety related to tourism. Under such circumstances, negative destination images might be produced and destination choices might be altered. Thus, understanding the effect of risk perceptions on destination image is a necessary researchstream. This study examined African American travelers’ perceptions of safety related to the top three state tourism destinations in the USA. Factors that influenced perceptions of a safe destination varied among the destinations. Consistently, however, past travel experience and the perception of the likelihood of health-related crisis were significant predictors of perceptions of a safe destination

  7. Tourism policy and destination marketing in developing countries: the chain of influence

    Kokkranikal, Jithendran; Cronje, Paul; Butler, Richard

    2011-01-01

    Tourism marketers including destination marketing organisations (DMOs) and international tour operators play a pivotal role in destination marketing, especially in creating destination images. These images, apparent in tourist brochures, are designed to influence tourist decision-making and behaviour. This paper proposes the concept of a “chain of influence” in destination marketing and image-making, suggesting that the content of marketing materials is influenced by the priorities of those w...

  8. IMPROVING THE DEPENDABILITY OF DESTINATION RECOMMENDATIONS USING INFORMATION ON SOCIAL ASPECTS

    Charles K. Ayo; Adigun, Mathew O.; Olawande J. Daramola; Olugbara, Oludayo O.

    2010-01-01

    Prior knowledge of the social aspects of prospective destinations can be very influential in making travel destination decisions, especially in instances where social concerns do exist about specific destinations. In this paper, we describe the implementation of an ontology-enabled Hybrid Destination Recommender System (HDRS) that leverages an ontological description of five specific social attributes of major Nigerian cities, and hybrid architecture of content-based and case-based filtering ...

  9. Allies or foes? Key challenges facing the shifting landscape of destination management in England

    Hristov, Dean; Naumov, Nikola

    2015-01-01

    Within a shifting political and economic context, reshaped Destination Management Organisations (DMOs) in England are expected to deliver well beyond traditional activities related to marketing and promotion of destinations. Yet, such delivery processes are to happen in light of the increasingly resource-constrained operational environment, where the public purse is no longer available to destinations and destination organisations. This commentary paper provides a discussion on recent transit...

  10. Images of safe tourism destinations in the United States held by African Americans

    Bingjie Liu; Lori Pennington-Gray; Ashley Schroeder

    2013-01-01

    Ensuring a safe destination is an essential factor in travelers’ decision-making, as well as a destination’s success. Recent crises have threatened perceptions of safety related to tourism. Under such circumstances, negative destination images might be produced and destination choices might be altered. Thus, understanding the effect of risk perceptions on destination image is a necessary researchstream. This study examined African American travelers’ perceptions of safety related to the top t...

  11. ASSESSING THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE IMAGE: MALDIVES AS A DESTINATION FOR CHINESE MARKET

    Zahir, Zeeniya

    2006-01-01

    Destination image is a valuable concept in assessing the perception and behaviour of the target market, contributes to the decision making process and visitation intentions. Hence due to the important role of destination image, destination marketers need to be more attentive, since it enables to identify the various information sources that influence the image formation and enables to create and modify the image of the destination while reducing the negative images that might obst...

  12. APPROACHES IN INVESTIGATING ROMANIA’S IMAGE AS A TOURIST DESTINATION AMONG THE TURKISH STUDENTS

    Olimpia BAN; Osman N. ÖZDOGAN

    2010-01-01

    The image of the tourist destination plays an essential role in the decision making process regarding the choice of a holiday. Image has a crucial role in the success of the destination because it influences the consumers’ satisfaction and helps in drawing up a promotion strategy for the positioning/repositioning on a certain market, branding/rebranding the tourist destination. Information from different sources contribute to the formation of the image of a certain destination, information wh...

  13. The Amazing Race to India: Prominence in Reality Television Affects Destination Image and Travel Intentions

    T. TESSITORE; M. PANDELAERE; VAN DE KERCKHOVE, A.

    2013-01-01

    Considering the increasing popularity of reality television shows, this research investigated the impact of a destination placement in reality television on tourism. Two experiments reveal that a reality show can change the image of the destination in which the show is set. This positively affects cognitive, affective and behavioral outcomes. Specifically, it changes perceptions in accordance with the depiction of the destination in the reality show, increases knowledge about the destination,...

  14. Assessing destination image: an online marketing approach and the case of Tripadvisor

    Kladou, Stella; Mavragani, Eleni

    2015-01-01

    Destination image is a popular research domain in the tourism literature. Yet, limited studies focus on destination image as reflected through actual tourists’ evaluations and reviews on social media. Taken the significance of social media and the relationship between country and destination image, the study embarks upon to assess the cognitive, affective, conative image components. The study presents the destination image concept from the tourists’ point of view, as they review Istanbul on T...

  15. Complexity in Built Environment, Health, and Destination Walking: A Neighborhood-Scale Analysis

    Carlson, Cynthia; Aytur, Semra; Gardner, Kevin; Rogers, Shannon

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the relationships between the built environment, the physical attributes of the neighborhood, and the residents’ perceptions of those attributes. It focuses on destination walking and self-reported health, and does so at the neighborhood scale. The built environment, in particular sidewalks, road connectivity, and proximity of local destinations, correlates with destination walking, and similarly destination walking correlates with physical health. It was found, howeve...

  16. Does the presence and mix of destinations influence walking and physical activity?

    King, Tania Louise; Bentley, Rebecca Jodie; Thornton, Lukar Ezra; Kavanagh, Anne Marie

    2015-01-01

    Background Local destinations have previously been shown to be associated with higher levels of both physical activity and walking, but little is known about how specific destinations are related to activity. This study examined associations between types and mix of destinations and both walking frequency and physical activity. Method The sample consisted of 2349 residents of 50 urban areas in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. Using geographic information systems, seven types of destinations...

  17. DESTINATION BRANDING AIMED AT INTERNATIONAL AFFIRMATION OF TOURISTIC POTENTIALS OF BiH

    Branko Rakita; Miloš Šipragić

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the paper is to explain how application of marketing and branding principles contributes to effective management of destinations under conditions of globalization. The paper emphasizes the importance of understanding of tourists’ behavior model, with special focus on importance of destination image in process of decision making on destination choice. Case of the city of Rovinj was presented as good practice example in development of destination brand. In ...

  18. Assessing pesticide hazards to water quality of the Bracciano lake; Valutazione del rischio posto dai pesticidi per la qualita' delle acque del lago di Bracciano

    Caffarelli, V.; Screpanti, C. [ENEA, Div. Biotecnologie e Agricoltura, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, Rome (Italy); Musmeci, F. [ENEA, Funzione Centrale Studi, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, S. Maria di Galeria, Rome (Italy)

    2001-07-01

    The study is based on data collected for the area on a grid base (150x150 meters). For each cell of the grid, data on several parameters were collected (soil use, pesticide use, pedology, ground water depth, etc.). A data base with the chemical-physical parameter of 75 pesticides used in the area has been implemented. A ground flow model gives the number of days a pollutant takes to arrive at the lake from a given cell. A second model take into account the attenuation of pesticide load from the soil surface to the water table. Hazard maps are presented based on pesticide loads, attenuation factor, and ground flow to the lake water. The methodology has been implemented by integrating a Geographical Information System, data bases and simulation models. The work has been carried out in a project coordinated by Lazio Regional Agency for the Innovation and Development in Agriculture (ARSIAL) and supported by the Reg. CEE/2081/93 ob. 5b. [Italian] Lo studio e' stato realizzato raccogliendo i dati ambientali (uso del suolo, uso dei pesticidi, pedologia, profondita' della falda, ecc.) sulla base di una griglia 150x150 m. E' stata realizzata una banca dati con le caratteristiche chimico-fisiche dei 75 pesticidi impiegati nell'area. Il modello e' composto da un modulo che calcola il numero di giorni che ciascun pesticida impiega per arrivare al lago a partire da una determinata cella e da un modulo che calcola l'attenuazione del crico del pesticida nel percorso della superficie alla falda. Vengono realizzate mappe tematiche relative al carico dei pesticidi, all'attenuazione, al flusso dall falda fino al lago. La metodologia di valutazione si basa sull'integrazione di un GIS (Sistema di informazione territoriale), di banche dati e simulazioni dei processi. Il lavoro e' stato realizzato attraverso un progetto coordinato dall'ARSIAL (Agenzia Regionale per lo sviluppo in Agricoltura del Lazio) nell'ambito del Reg. CEE/2081

  19. The Typology and Role of Online Information Sources in Destination Image Formation: An Eye-Tracking Study

    Mariussen, Anastasia; Ibenfeldt, Cathrine von; Vespestad, May Kristin

    2014-01-01

    The construct of destination image and its formation are well researched. Numerous studies are conducted to investigate how destination images impact tourists‟ attitudes, behaviour and destination choice and what factors influence their destination image formation. However, much of this research focuses on post-visit images, and little is still known about the actual process of destination image formation as it unfolds, particularly prior to visiting a destination. Understanding this process ...

  20. Pre-trip vs. post-trip destination image variations: A case of inbound tourists to Tanzania

    Jani, Dev; Nguni, Winnie

    2016-01-01

    Despite the conceptual indications of destination image to vary with factors like travel status and tourist behaviour, there are few studies that have empirically researched the variations in destination image particularly in emerging destinations like those in Africa. This study aimed at testing the variation of pre- and post trip destination image held by inbound travellers to Tanzania. Four hypotheses were defined to test variation of destination image with travel status, destination famil...

  1. Occupational Channels for Mexican Migration: New Destination Formation in a Binational Context

    Sanderson, Matthew; Painter, Matthew, II

    2011-01-01

    In the 1990s, Mexican immigration dispersed spatially, leading to the emergence of many "new destinations," in nonmetropolitan areas of the United States. Previous studies constrain the scope of the analysis to the United States, limiting our understanding of how new destinations are formed. We place new destination formation into a binational…

  2. 48 CFR 3052.247-72 - F.o.b. destination only.

    2010-10-01

    ... CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 3052.247-72 F.o.b. destination only. As prescribed in (HSAR) 48 CFR 3047.305-70(c), insert the following provision: F.O.B. Destination Only (DEC 2003) Offers are invited... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false F.o.b. destination...

  3. Country Image and the Study Abroad Destination Choice of Students from Mainland China

    Ghazarian, Peter G.

    2016-01-01

    In this study, the author focuses on the issue of country image in destination choice. To examine the relationship between these two variables, the study tests whether mainland Chinese who favor a destination as their ideal first choice for study abroad have a significantly more positive view of that destination's country image than their…

  4. 48 CFR 52.247-48 - F.o.b. Destination-Evidence of Shipment.

    2010-10-01

    ... awarded on a free on board (f.o.b.) destination basis, the Contractor— (1) Shall not submit an invoice for payment until the supplies covered by the invoice have been shipped to the destination; and (2) Shall... Contractor's invoice, indicating the carrier's intent to ship the supplies to the destination specified...

  5. Marketing and Brand Design of Destination Experiences: The Role of ICT

    Dora Agapito; António Lacerda

    2014-01-01

    The proliferation of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) with particular emphasis on internet have been rapidly adapted to tourism, where new opportunities for design and marketing strategies for destinations are being explored in both physical and virtual environments. Furthermore, the process of designing strong brands and facilitating positive and memorable experiences are central activities concerning destinations aiming to become more competitive. Accordingly, Destinations M...

  6. Social Trust, Safety and the Choice of Tourist Destination

    Jensen, Susanne; Svendsen, Gert Tinggaard

    2016-01-01

    military. The problem is that high visibility of police and military in public spaces may give the tourist the impression of an unsafe and insecure destination. Instead, social trust through self-enforcements of social norms for behaviour may be important because the informal institutions guarantee the......Does social trust influence safety and tourists’ destination choice? Our claim is that the roots of safety may take two forms: either formal institutions or informal institutions. Formal institutions concern how society can build up control mechanisms through the legal system, police authority and...... safety of tourists (and locals) without signalling a problem with safety. Building social trust may further enhance the feeling of safety and thereby attract even more tourists. Thus, our trust-safety theory may guide the active use of social trust by tourist officials and policy makers....

  7. Oltenia – Micro-destination of Cultural and Medical Spa Tourism

    Aurelia-Felicia STĂNCIOIU

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available A region, in order to express its viability as tourism destination, has to emphasize not only its defining elements, but also the activities from the recreative, curative or cultural field in which it has specialized in (processed after Cocean et al., 2002, pp. 297-298. This involves several stages, organically linked in a planned framework, with the establishment of the specific objectives and strategies, not only at micro and meso, but also at macro level, beginning with “the study of the motivational demand, of the resources, in terms of their functionality in tourism and their profitability in exploitation” (Erdeli, Gheorghilaş, 2006, pp. 288-289.The authors intend, based on these considerations, to reveal the elements of regional brand, with the identification of those functions or types of tourism (recreative, curative and/or cultural which are specific to the region of Oltenia, that is “still unseen and unknown”.

  8. Sustainable development of tourist destination and its branding

    Angelkova, Tanja; Dimitrov, Nikola; Koteski, Cane

    2011-01-01

    Opportunities for tourism development are largely conditioned by the quality of the environment, preserved and attractive natural and cultural heritage and other values, goods and resources. For sustainable it is considered any kind of tourism that contributes permanently for the protection and promotion of the environment, natural and other resources, cultural values and integrity of the local community. The concept of sustainable development of tourist destinations promotes: th...

  9. AN EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION OF ROMANIA'S COUNTRY BRAND AS TOURISM DESTINATION

    OVIDIU IOAN MOISESCU

    2010-01-01

    Considering the essential role that country brands as tourism destinations play in generating incoming tourism, this paper reveals useful information for entities concerned with promoting a tourism-based country brand for Romania. The paper represents an exploratory research, data being collected from a sample of Internet users from Netherlands, Spain, Poland and U.S.A., using an on-line questionnairebased survey. The paper focuses on exploring Romania's country brand association as they resi...

  10. Doc Martin and film tourism: The creation of destination image

    Busby, Graham; Haines,, David

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the relationship between film-induced tourism and the concept of destination image via a substantial primary data collection exercise, followed by content analysis of television episodes. Port Isaac, on the north coast of Cornwall, in the west of England, is the setting for the popular ITV television series Doc Martin, starring Martin Clunes and Caroline Catz. Television can enhance the attractiveness of an area, especially when building on images of small-scale fishin...