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Sample records for achieving international sporting

  1. Achievement Motivation and Adjustment Patterns among International and National Players of Different Team Sports

    Nirmaljit K Rathee; Jagbir Singh

    2011-01-01

    Problem Statement: Achievement in sports demands specific behavior from an athlete.. The performer in such events must have ability to assess the situation, select the response, decide quickly and then implement it with determined efforts. Approach: This study was focused to examine the levels of achievement motivation, emotional and social adjustment among international and national players of basketball, hockey and handball games. Subjects (N = 240) were administere...

  2. Achievement Motivation and Adjustment Patterns among International and National Players of Different Team Sports

    Nirmaljit K Rathee

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem Statement: Achievement in sports demands specific behavior from an athlete.. The performer in such events must have ability to assess the situation, select the response, decide quickly and then implement it with determined efforts. Approach: This study was focused to examine the levels of achievement motivation, emotional and social adjustment among international and national players of basketball, hockey and handball games. Subjects (N = 240 were administered Achievement Motivation Test and Adjustment Inventory Analysis of variance (2 Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} ×2 factorial design was applied to find out the significance of differences and interaction of gender and performance. Descriptive values were worked to find out the direction of differences and t-test was used to find out significance of inter sport differences. Results

  3. In a Peak Fitness Condition?:The Danish Elite Sports Model in International Perspective: Managerial Efficiency and Best Practice in Achieving International Sporting Success

    Storm, Rasmus K.; Nielsen, Klaus

    2010-01-01

    According to international findings, nations today face diminishing returns on investment when it comes to elite sports. As the power struggles to win medals in international tournaments - such as the Olympics - have intensified in the last couple of years, and the financial investments have increased, the market has adapted by raising the overall price of a medal. As a direct consequence managerial efficiency can be a 'non-financial' tool for nations to enhance the chances of success. The pu...

  4. School sport and academic achievement

    Bradley, John L.; Keane, Francis; Crawford, Susan

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Physical Education and School Sport (PESS) is an integral part of the school curriculum in Ireland. Historically the Healthy Body, Healthy Mind philosophy has promoted the inclusion of PESS alongside more cognitive school subjects and research suggests that PESS can promote cognitive function and provide educational benefits. However there is little research on how the choice of school sport influences academic achievement. This case study aims to investigate how partic...

  5. Sport and International Relations

    Zhang Yimeng

    2008-01-01

    As China takes center stage for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games in August, enthusiasm for the Games extends far beyond the capital city. For Chinese, the Olympics is about national pride and cultural legacy. The Chinese government hopes to make this event a morale booster for the development of the whole country. And for the world, the Olympics is not just a global sporting event, but also an important platform for promoting world harmony and communication between cultures. As editor of Contemporary International Relations, I am mindful of the connection between sport and international relations. Sport today plays a highly significant role in the world, and the impact of this global phenomenon on international relations is often underestimated.

  6. International Sport Events: Improving Marketing

    Margarita Kerzaitė; Borisas Melnikas

    2014-01-01

    The report and the article will be a comprehensive analysis ofthe needs to improve the international sport events marketing.Highlighting the role of international sport events in contemporarysociety and the challenges in the context of globalization,comparing opinions of various authors about aspects of classificationand the benefits for host country. The article and the reportreveals the main existing problem encountered in organizinginternational sport events, estimated perspectives for sol...

  7. Achieving the Goals of Sports Organizations

    Horal, Filip

    2009-01-01

    The theoretical part focuses on setting and achieving of goals in organizations in general and identifies specific performance objectives in sports organizations. In the practical part examines the process of setting targets and performance in sport organizations to Jindřichohradecko.

  8. International Sport Events: Improving Marketing

    Margarita Kerzaitė

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The report and the article will be a comprehensive analysis ofthe needs to improve the international sport events marketing.Highlighting the role of international sport events in contemporarysociety and the challenges in the context of globalization,comparing opinions of various authors about aspects of classificationand the benefits for host country. The article and the reportreveals the main existing problem encountered in organizinginternational sport events, estimated perspectives for solutionof this problem. Summarizes the international sport eventsopportunities, basically modernize marketing tools according tothe marketing mix correction based on systematic synthesis ofmarketing concepts and adaptation/standardization needs, themost important factors in the marketing mix for the excretion ofthe main marketing objectives. The article is based on the latestscientific literature analysis.

  9. International Sports League Comparisons

    Helmut Dietl; Rodney Fort; Markus Lang

    2011-01-01

    Comparisons between European and North American sports leagues have occurred over the years. In this paper, we attempt to bring these comparisons down to the essential elements -what has come to be called Rottenberg's (1956) invariance principle and theoretical insights into attempts to alter competitive balance using revenue sharing, talent drafts, and payroll caps. We also examine player reserve systems (the reserve clause in North American leagues and transfer restrictions in European leag...

  10. Positive Functions of Emotions in Achievement Sports

    Puig, Nuria; Vilanova, Anna

    2011-01-01

    This article presents the results of two research projects on the emotions of men engaged in achievement outdoor sports. The conditions were analyzed under which emotions carry out positive functions. The question strikes us as a fundamental one, because it is of crucial importance when it comes to increasing sportspeople's success. The…

  11. The Effect of Organized Sports and Wellbeing on Academic Achievements

    Þórir Kristjánsson 1989

    2014-01-01

    Organized sports has been associated with (high school) student´s better academic achievement and increased wellbeing. Associating wellbeing with academic performance could indicate that the association between organized sports and academic performance is mediated through wellbeing. This hypothesis was studied by viewing student´s participation in organized sports per week and their wellbeing in school to see if those factors affected their academic achievement in mathematics. Already existin...

  12. A Comparison between Learning Style Preferences, Gender, Sport and Achievement in Elite Team Sport Athletes

    Andrea Braakhuis

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Athletes have preferences for the way in which they internalize and process information, whether that is visual, aural, by-doing (kinesthetic, reading or a mixture of preferences. Health professionals that interact with athletes rarely consider the individual learning style prior to any communication or education, despite mounting evidence for the benefits of learning-style tailored education. The aim of this study was to characterize athletes with regards to their preferred learning style. Athletes (n = 93 from 24 sports and various sport achievement levels completed a questionnaire, including the visual (V, auditory (A, reading/writing (R, kinesthetic (K/(VARK Questionnaire for Athletes. Questionnaire outcomes were analysed by X2 analysis on SPSS. The main findings were: (1 very few athletes have a visual learning-style preference; (2 there was a significant relationship between gender and VARK preference (X2 = 13.84, p = 0.003; (3 and between athletic status and VARK preference (X2 = 9.2, p = 0.025; (4 there was a trivial association between individual/ team sport athletes and assessed VARK preference (X2 = 3.95, p = 0.265. Our findings show significant variation in learning-style preference between males and females, and those of different athletic status. Health professionals should be aware of the inadequacy of visual information presentation when working with athletes. Furthermore, health professionals working with elite and female athletes should be comfortable using a mixture of learning styles (multi-modal.

  13. IMPORTANCE OF ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION IN SPORTS PERFORMANCE

    Jyoti A Upadhye; N Chandrappa

    2014-01-01

    The present article defines the psychological construct of Achievement motivation and its influence on Sportsman to achieve their goals and to improve their performance level. Achievement Motivation is a mindset that leads people to set for themselves realistic but challenging goals. In Achievement Motivation can calculate mathematically by taking a person's desire to succeed and subtracting their fear of failure. When a student is motivated, he is inspired to pursue greater a...

  14. [Sports death--an Internal Medicine problem?].

    Sack, Stefan

    2004-06-01

    Sports means fitness and endurance, regeneration and balance, game and fun. Lack of physical exercise is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Terrifying and not conclusive in the public's mind are events of sudden death, in particular if those are of nontraumatic cause and thus of cardiovascular origin. Organic pathologic examination revealed that a higher proportion of males are affected by sports death. Only 7-9% of those events are related to women, although the percentage of active women among sports people accounts for nearly 50%. The relative risk increases with age and intensity of endurance. For people who are untrained or not used to train, the risk of sudden death is potentially higher. In athletes > 35 years of age, coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cause (85%) of sudden death. In the group < 35 years, CAD and acute myocarditis are the predominant causes of sudden death, but also hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), disorders of the conducting system, and Marfan's syndrome. Additional risk factors like acute infections and misuse of doping drugs require the care of a specialist in internal medicine and/or cardiology on top of the care by a specialist in orthopedics and accident/rehabilitation medicine. Physical examination as a precaution and prevention strategy should be available for leisure sports as well as for athlete sports. PMID:15241541

  15. IMPORTANCE OF ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION IN SPORTS PERFORMANCE

    Jyoti A Upadhye

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The present article defines the psychological construct of Achievement motivation and its influence on Sportsman to achieve their goals and to improve their performance level. Achievement Motivation is a mindset that leads people to set for themselves realistic but challenging goals. In Achievement Motivation can calculate mathematically by taking a person's desire to succeed and subtracting their fear of failure. When a student is motivated, he is inspired to pursue greater academic goals. Underlying motivations can include grades, social acceptance or parental approval.

  16. Livro de resumos - II International Conference on Sport in Africa

    II International Conference on Sport in Africa

    2012-01-01

    The Center of African Studies of the ISCTE-Lisbon University Institute, in cooperation with the Institute of Social Sciences of the University of Lisbon, the Sport: Laboratory of the History of Sport and Leisure, of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and the Group of African Studies of the Fluminense Federal University, are promoting the II International Conference on Sport in Africa, entitled Sport and leisure in Africa: practices and identities, in Lisbon on the 5 and 6 of June 2012.

  17. International Sport Movement in the Context of the Global Problems of Mankind

    Stafeev Dmitriy Valeryevich

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available As a result of globalization process the world becomes more and more integrated, the role of “hard” power becomes lower, while the role of “soft” power, vice versa, increases. Sport as one of the most important spheres of human activities, faces both positive and negative effects of globalization. Sport has an important function in the concept of “soft” security, and this importance is evidenced by serious attention, paid by the United Nations and other international organizations. The UN established the International Day of port, and it organizes regular meetings and conferences devoted to sport. Plenty of the UN Organizations officially use sport to achieve their aims. Sports diplomacy is believed to have reconciling, uniting role; sport must contribute to resolution of the most part of contemporary global problems. Abilities of the Information age allow using positive effect caused by sport events with maximal benefits. There is understanding in the UN, that sport alone cannot solve all global problems, but it can relieve their consequences. Therefore sport is used to struggle over such problems, as poverty; peace and security problems; disarmament necessity; human rights and democracy problems; demography, ecology and energy problems, difficulties with medical care and provision. On the other hand, sport suffers from globalization; it loses its initial function of competition due to politicization and commercialization. Even new issues of confrontation appear because of sports. Only global governance over sport, establishment of general rules and clear goals and their joint accomplishment can allow the international sports movement become a real force in fight against global problems.

  18. International Colloquium on Sports Science, Exercise, Engineering and Technology 2014

    Ismail, Shariman; Sulaiman, Norasrudin

    2014-01-01

    The proceeding is a collection of research papers presented at the International Colloquium on Sports Science, Exercise, Engineering and Technology (ICoSSEET2014), a conference dedicated to address the challenges in the areas of sports science, exercise, sports engineering and technology including other areas of sports, thereby presenting a consolidated view to the interested researchers in the aforesaid fields. The goal of this conference was to bring together researchers and practitioners from academia and industry to focus on the scope of the conference and establishing new collaborations in these areas. The topics of interest are as follows but are not limited to:1. Sports and Exercise Science • Sports Nutrition • Sports Biomechanics • Strength and Conditioning • Motor Learning and Control • Sports Psychology • Sports Coaching • Sports and Exercise Physiology • Sports Medicine and Athletic Trainer • Fitness and Wellness • Exercise Rehabilitation • Adapted Physical Activity...

  19. 10th International Symposium on Computer Science in Sports

    Soltoggio, Andrea; Dawson, Christian; Meng, Qinggang; Pain, Matthew

    2016-01-01

    This book presents the main scientific results of the 10th International Symposium of Computer Science in Sport (IACSS/ISCSS 2015), sponsored by the International Association of Computer Science in Sport in collaboration with the International Society of Sport Psychology (ISSP), which took place between September 9-11, 2015 at Loughborough, UK. This proceedings aims to build a link between computer science and sport, and reports on results from applying computer science techniques to address a wide number of problems in sport and exercise sciences. It provides a good platform and opportunity for researchers in both computer science and sport to understand and discuss ideas and promote cross-disciplinary research. The strictly reviewed and carefully revised papers cover the following topics: Modelling and Analysis, Artificial Intelligence in Sport, Virtual Reality in Sport,  Neural Cognitive Training,  IT Systems for Sport, Sensing Technologies and Image Processing.

  20. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SPORTS ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION BETWEEN HOCKEY AND CRICKET PLAYERS OF BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY

    Mukti Singh Srinet,

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to compare the sports achievement motivation between hockey and cricket players and also to find out the status of players in relation to sports achievement motivation. For purpose of the study forty (twenty hockey and twenty three cricket) were selected from Banaras Hindu University. Subjects’ sports achievement motivation was measured by inventory developed by M.L Kamlesh., Data was collected by administering questionnaire inter university camp. All the necessar...

  1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SPORTS COMPETION ANXIETY, SELF CONFIDENCE AND SPORTS ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION AMONG DIFFERENT LEVEL OF HOCKEY PLAYERS

    N. Mallesh; Gandhi, R

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to find out the sports competition anxiety, selfconfidence and sports achievement motivation among inter district, inter collegiate and inter university Hockey players. For achieving the purpose of the study total of 90 subjects were selected as samples consisted 30 each inter district, inter collegiate, and inter university men players. Their age groups of the subjects were between 19 to 28 years.The psychological tools used in this study were...

  2. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SPORTS COMPETION ANXIETY, SELF CONFIDENCE AND SPORTS ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION AMONG DIFFERENT LEVEL OF HOCKEY PLAYERS

    N. Mallesh

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to find out the sports competition anxiety, selfconfidence and sports achievement motivation among inter district, inter collegiate and inter university Hockey players. For achieving the purpose of the study total of 90 subjects were selected as samples consisted 30 each inter district, inter collegiate, and inter university men players. Their age groups of the subjects were between 19 to 28 years.The psychological tools used in this study were standardized. The Sports competitive anxiety was measured through standardized questionnaire, developed by Rainer Martens, Sports achievement motivation was measured through questionnaire developed by M.L. Kamlesh and Self-confidence was measured through standardized questionnaire developed by Robin's Vealey.

  3. Corruption in international sports and how it may be combatted

    Wolfgang Maennig

    2008-01-01

    This contribution attempts a delimitation of the concept of corruption in sport and gives an overview of topical instances. It is thereby demonstrated why the definition of corruption in sport is especially problematic. The causes of the corruption and their social costs are analysed. The anti-corruption measures of the Amateur International Boxing Association (AIBA) and the German Football Association (DFB) are described. These are based on two fundamentally different approaches and can be r...

  4. Psychological Processes for Achieving and Coping with Stress in Sport.

    Rotella, Robert J.

    Several exploratory studies have begun to look at the role of cognition on sport performance. An enriched understanding of the mental aspects of sport is emerging. Recently a team composed of researchers and a coach has attempted a closer understanding of the cognitive processes involved in the development of young athletes to their performance…

  5. Project Coach: Youth Development and Academic Achievement through Sport

    Intrator, Sam M.; Siegel, Donald

    2008-01-01

    Researchers and educators have long tried to find the connection between participation in sport-related activities and academic and social development among youths. This article traces the conceptual ideas that led to the design of an after-school sports program (Project Coach). This program promotes positive youth and community development…

  6. The Effects of Participation versus Non-Participation in Interscholastic Sports on Achievement

    Coleman, Jewell J.

    2010-01-01

    Research indicates that participation in interscholastic sports may not affect student academic achievement and self-esteem. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of participation versus non-participation in interscholastic sports on the academic achievement and self-esteem of eighth grade students. Reading and math achievement…

  7. Franchise allocation in international sports business: Case of the NHL

    Philippe, Marc-André

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY: The research sought to identify the franchise allocation criteria in international sports. The National Hockey League was used as a single case study, which focused on the league to understand how it would select a host city in the event of relocating a franchise in dire financial situation. Once the determinants of allocation have been identified, the thesis aimed at studying whether or not the Canadian market would be able to sustain additional National Hockey L...

  8. Market Impact of International Sporting and Cultural Events

    António Miguel Martins; Ana Paula Serra

    2007-01-01

    This paper investigates the impact of international sporting and cultural events on national stock markets. We study market reaction to the announcements of the selected country hosting the Summer and Winter Olympic Games, the World Football Cup, the European Football Cup and World and Specialized Exhibitions. We also measure the market effects of the announcement of the nomination of the European Cultural City. First, we evaluate the abnormal returns of winning bidders at (and around) the an...

  9. Marketing activities to promote the subjects of management of sports events of international level

    Попов [Aleksandr Popov], Олександр Вікторович

    2013-01-01

    Done identify the organizational and managerial conditions integrated marketing activities for the improvement of the sports events with international standards. Presents a comprehensive description of the conditions and management of marketing activities of entities conducting sports events of international level, which is the result of analysis of the literature, document analysis, systems analysis, survey. Established that a comprehensive marketing activities of sports organizations curren...

  10. Sport activities, learning achievement and self-esteem of fourteen year old pupils

    Meško, Maja; Videmšek, Mateja; Gregorc, Jera; Karpljuk, Damir; Štihec, Jože; Videmšek, Tasja

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether there are differences in learning achievements and self-esteem of fourteen-year old pupils according to how often they engaged in sports. We tried to find out whether pupils, who are more often involved in sport activities, have better self-esteem and better learning achievement, and whether pupils with better learning achievement have better self-esteem. We interviewed 168 9th grade primary school pupils. The data was analyzed with the stati...

  11. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SPORTS ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION BETWEEN HOCKEY AND CRICKET PLAYERS OF BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY

    Mukti Singh Srinet,

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to compare the sports achievement motivation between hockey and cricket players and also to find out the status of players in relation to sports achievement motivation. For purpose of the study forty (twenty hockey and twenty three cricket were selected from Banaras Hindu University. Subjects’ sports achievement motivation was measured by inventory developed by M.L Kamlesh., Data was collected by administering questionnaire inter university camp. All the necessary instructions were given to students and were convinced to answer the entire question honestly. To find out the difference independent t-test was used at 0.05 level of significance. Findings of the study revealed that there is no significant difference between hockey and cricket players in relation to sports achievement motivation as calculated t (1.95 was less than tabulated t value (2.02 at 0.05 level of significance. Age and similar environmental factor might have brought no significant difference between hockey and cricket players in relation to sports achievement motivation.

  12. ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION AND SELF-ESTEEM OF STUDENTS PRACTISING SWIMMING IN SPORT SECTIONS OF AZS (ACADEMIC SPORT ASSOCIATION) AT UNIVERSITIES IN WROCLAW

    Romanowska-tołłoczko, Anna; Marks, Mirosława; Tomczak, Rafał

    2007-01-01

    The aim of the research was to establish the level of achievement motivation and self-esteem among students practising swimming in sport sections of AZS. The results indicate that the investigated group represent higher than average level of self-esteem and motivation for achievement. Such high results are not common. On the basis of the obtained data it can be speculated that it a given type of sports discipline, i.e. swimming, demands high motivation for achievement. Moreover, the achieved ...

  13. 中国体育教练成就全球展示《国际体育教练体系》中国首发%A Global Exhibition of Chinese Sports Coaches Achievements & The First Issue of The International Coaching Framework in China

    钟秉枢

    2012-01-01

    Capital University of Phyical Education and Sports, Beijing, China, has witnessed, from April 26th to 28th, 2012, International Council for Coach Education Seminar 'Coaching in Asia: Past, Present and Future' and Meeting #4 - International Sport Coaching Framework Working Group. More than 30 experts of sports coach education from international organizations such as ICCE, ASOIF, ISAF, IAAF, coaches association or universities from different countries or regions like England, Canada, Portugal, Spain and Hong Kong attended the seminar.%2012年4月25—26日,“国际体育教练体系”第4次工作组会暨“亚洲体育教练:过去·现在·未来”研讨会在首都体育学院举行。本刊选登部分内容。

  14. EXAMINING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF SPORTS SCIENCES FACULTY STUDENTS: THE CASE OF FIRAT UNIVERSITY

    GÜNDOĞDU, Cemal; ÇELEBİ, Evrim

    2015-01-01

    The most emphasised aspect of teaching is student achievement. It is the reason for teaching and the product teaching produces. The potential of a well - qualified workforce with high academic achievement is thought to be the primary factor in the development of a society. This study was designed to examine the academic achievement of students studying at the Sports Sciences Faculty of Fırat University in terms of a ...

  15. Organizational structure and basic functions of international convention «SportAссord» activity

    Nina Dolbysheva

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to define and determine the basic functions of International convention “SportAссord” activity within the framework of international sport movement. Materials and Methods: 21 literary sources have been analyzed. Results: International convention “SportAссord” is a nongovernmental sport organization, which unites, supports, coordinates and protects international sport federations and organizations in the international sport movement. “SportAссord” does its activities in accordance with United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1296 (XLIV, provisions of the International Olympic Charter and Code of Ethics, grounding on World Anti-Doping Code. The president is the head of administrative office, with the departments and board of executive body under control. General Assembly is the supreme authority, which carries out the range of basic tasks and grants authority to the management of “SportAccord” and its members for them to fulfill general and special functions. Conclusions: the International convention “SportAccord” activity is aimed at carrying out tasks by fulfilling general and special functions on the basis of international and internal legal documents.

  16. Achievement motivation, competitiveness and sports performance in a team of sportsmen soccer players between 14 and 24 years old

    Alejo García-Naveira

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available In order to identify to what extent competitiveness trait is related to sport performance in soccer, and to what extent the age and sport category can influence these variables, a descriptive cross-sectional study has been developed. The variables age, sport category, sport performance, achievement motivation (Me, motivation to avoid the failure (Mef and competitiveness trait have been assessed in 151 men soccer players (between 14 and 24 y.o. of a Spanish sport club. The results indicated that the sport performance ascends with age. Consequently, a direct relationship between the sport category and the performance has been observed. Me, Mef and competitiveness trait have been associated with the performance and has varied based on the sport category. No correlation between Me, Mef, competitiveness and age of the sportsmen has been found

  17. Team Sports Achievement and Self-Esteem Development among Urban Adolescent Girls

    Pedersen, Sara; Seidman, Edward

    2004-01-01

    In this study we investigate the contribution of achievement in team sports to adolescent girls' self-esteem development. Adolescent girls (N = 247) from racially and ethnically diverse backgrounds were surveyed as part of a larger study investigating the development of poor urban youth. Participants responded to items tapping global self-esteem,…

  18. International energy technology collaboration: benefits and achievements

    The IEA Energy Technology Collaboration Programme facilitates international collaboration on energy technology research, development and deployment. More than 30 countries are involved in Europe, America, Asia, Australasia and Africa. The aim is to accelerate the development and deployment of new energy technologies to meet energy security, environmental and economic development goals. Costs and resources are shared among participating governments, utilities, corporations and universities. By co-operating, they avoid unproductive duplication and maximize the benefits from research budgets. The IEA Programme results every year in hundreds of publications which disseminate information about the latest energy technology developments and their commercial utilisation. The IEA Energy Technology Collaboration Programme operates through a series of agreements among governments. This report details the activities and achievements of all 41 agreements, covering energy technology information centres and Research and Development projects in fossil fuels, renewable energy efficient end-use, and nuclear fusion technologies. (authors). 58 refs., 9 tabs

  19. A Comparison between Learning Style Preferences, Gender, Sport and Achievement in Elite Team Sport Athletes

    Andrea Braakhuis; Tea Williams; Elizabeth Fusco; Shawn Hueglin; Alex Popple

    2015-01-01

    Athletes have preferences for the way in which they internalize and process information, whether that is visual, aural, by-doing (kinesthetic), reading or a mixture of preferences. Health professionals that interact with athletes rarely consider the individual learning style prior to any communication or education, despite mounting evidence for the benefits of learning-style tailored education. The aim of this study was to characterize athletes with regards to their preferred learning style....

  20. 1st International Workshop on Complex Systems in Sports - Proceedings

    Guervós, Juan Julián Merelo; Cotta, Carlos; Mora, Antonio M.

    2011-01-01

    Online proceedings for the first workshop on complex systems in sports; index pointing to the papers that will be presented and discussed in that workshop. The papers deal with sports from a complex systems point of view, and include papers on a network analysis of the performance of the Spanish team in the 2010 world cup and basketball scoring, study of populations of sports fans, try to select attributes for sports forecasting and finally try to analyze the physical condition from the persp...

  1. 2nd International Colloquium on Sports Science, Exercise, Engineering and Technology 2015

    Sulaiman, Norasrudin; Adnan, Rahmat

    2016-01-01

    The proceeding is a collection of research papers presented at the 2nd International Colloquium on Sports Science, Exercise, Engineering and Technology (ICoSSEET2015), a conference dedicated to address the challenges in the areas of sports science, exercise, sports engineering and technology including other areas of sports, thereby presenting a consolidated view to the interested researchers in the aforesaid fields. The goal of this conference was to bring together researchers and practitioners from academia and industry to focus on the scope of the conference and establishing new collaborations in these areas. The topics of interest are in mainly (1) Sports and Exercise Science (2) Sports Engineering and Technology Application (3) Sports Industry and Management.

  2. Development of a Conceptual Model in International Sport Tourism: Exploring Pre-and Post- Consumption Factors

    Danny Woo-Sik Choi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose is to develop a model of consumer behavior in international sport tourism that examines both pre-and post-consumption factors in international sport tourism. A secondary purpose is to address international visitation by introducing national culture as an important component of the model. The proposed model suggests that certain cultural characteristics influence an international sport tourist and these cultural characteristics impact both motivation and travel constraints. Motivation also has a direct relationship to travel constraints. Both motivation and travel constraints influence the tourist’s image of both the destination and the sporting event. Finally, trip quality leads to satisfaction, which mediates the relationship with intent to return. Discussion follows with application to understanding the purchase decision making process drawn from the literature in sport tourism, consumer behavior, cross cultural studies and information processing theory.

  3. Black High School Students' Participation in School-Sponsored Sports Activities: Effects on School Engagement and Achievement.

    Jordan, Will J.

    1999-01-01

    Examined the effects of sports participation on African American high school students' school engagement, academic achievement, and self-evaluation. Data from the National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1998 indicated that sports participation improved African American students' school engagement and academic self-confidence. There was a…

  4. International differences in sport medicine access and clinical management

    Heron, Neil; Malliaropoulos, Nikolaos G.

    2013-01-01

    I undertook the 2012 ECOSEP travelling fellowship, sponsored by Bauerfeind, between May and August 2012, which involved visiting 5 European sport medicine centres and spending approximately one week in each centre. The 5 centres included: National Track and Field Centre, SEGAS, Thessaloniki, Greece; Professional School in Sport & Exercise Medicine, University of Barcelona, Spain; Sport Medicine Frankfurt Institute, Germany; Isokinetic Medical Group, FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, Bologna,...

  5. Doping in sports and its spread to at-risk populations: an international review

    Baron, David A.; MARTIN, DAVID M; ABOL MAGD, SAMIR

    2007-01-01

    Doping is now a global problem that follows international sporting events worldwide. International sports federations, led by the International Olympic Committee, have for the past half century attempted to stop the spread of this problem, with little effect. It was expected that, with educational programs, testing, and supportive medical treatment, this substance-abusing behavior would decrease. Unfortunately, this has not been the case. In fact, new, more powerful and unde...

  6. International society of sports nutrition position stand: Beta-Alanine.

    Trexler, Eric T; Smith-Ryan, Abbie E; Stout, Jeffrey R; Hoffman, Jay R; Wilborn, Colin D; Sale, Craig; Kreider, Richard B; Jäger, Ralf; Earnest, Conrad P; Bannock, Laurent; Campbell, Bill; Kalman, Douglas; Ziegenfuss, Tim N; Antonio, Jose

    2015-01-01

    The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review of the mechanisms and use of beta-alanine supplementation. Based on the current available literature, the conclusions of the ISSN are as follows: 1) Four weeks of beta-alanine supplementation (4-6 g daily) significantly augments muscle carnosine concentrations, thereby acting as an intracellular pH buffer; 2) Beta-alanine supplementation currently appears to be safe in healthy populations at recommended doses; 3) The only reported side effect is paraesthesia (tingling), but studies indicate this can be attenuated by using divided lower doses (1.6 g) or using a sustained-release formula; 4) Daily supplementation with 4 to 6 g of beta-alanine for at least 2 to 4 weeks has been shown to improve exercise performance, with more pronounced effects in open end-point tasks/time trials lasting 1 to 4 min in duration; 5) Beta-alanine attenuates neuromuscular fatigue, particularly in older subjects, and preliminary evidence indicates that beta-alanine may improve tactical performance; 6) Combining beta-alanine with other single or multi-ingredient supplements may be advantageous when supplementation of beta-alanine is high enough (4-6 g daily) and long enough (minimum 4 weeks); 7) More research is needed to determine the effects of beta-alanine on strength, endurance performance beyond 25 min in duration, and other health-related benefits associated with carnosine. PMID:26175657

  7. International Sports Events Organization and Execution as an Object of Legal Regulation

    Vyacheslav A. Tutinas

    2012-01-01

    The contribution is focused on the international sports events organization and execution as an object of legal regulation, studies its structure and the degree of impact on the parameters of legal regulation.

  8. A Meta-Analysis of Self-Reported Achievement Goals and Nonself-Report Performance across Three Achievement Domains (Work, Sports, and Education)

    Van Yperen, Nico W.; Blaga, Monica; Postmes, Tom

    2014-01-01

    During the past three decades, the achievement goal approach to achievement motivation has emerged as an influential area of research, and is dedicated to understanding the reasons behind the individual's drive to achieve competence and performance. However, the current literature on achievement goals is segmented rather than integrated. That is, citations across the three major and distinct achievement domains (work, education, and sports) are more the exception than the rule and similaritie...

  9. Report on the third International Martial Arts and Combat Sports Scientific Society (IMACSSS) Conference

    Dominique Brizin

    2015-01-01

    The present report provides a brief account of the Conference “Man - Martial Arts - Humanism”, held by the International Martial Arts and Combat Sport Scientific Society (IMACSSS) on October 15th - 17th, 2014 in Rzeszów, Poland. During this international conference, scientists from various universities presented their actual projects and results of their latest projects in the field of martial arts and combat sports (MA&CS). Subjects covered a wide range, starting with anthropology, sociology...

  10. International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance

    Wildman Robert; Graves B Sue; Stout Jeff; Willoughby Darryn; Taylor Lem; Wilborn Colin; Campbell Bill; Kreider Richard; Kalman Doug; Ziegenfuss Tim; Goldstein Erica R; Ivy John L; Spano Marie; Smith Abbie E; Antonio Jose

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Position Statement: The position of The Society regarding caffeine supplementation and sport performance is summarized by the following seven points: 1.) Caffeine is effective for enhancing sport performance in trained athletes when consumed in low-to-moderate dosages (~3-6 mg/kg) and overall does not result in further enhancement in performance when consumed in higher dosages (≥ 9 mg/kg). 2.) Caffeine exerts a greater ergogenic effect when consumed in an anhydrous state as compared ...

  11. sports

    2012-01-01

    正Nowadays,high school students hold different opinions about after-class activities.There are two quite different phenomenonena.Some students are crazy about sports and some other activities.They spend much time in joining the outdoor activities and varies of groups,and also,making new friends.However,they pay a little attention to their studies.

  12. Piecing the puzzle together: case studies of international research in health-promoting sports clubs.

    Kokko, Sami; Donaldson, Alex; Geidne, Susanna; Seghers, Jan; Scheerder, Jeroen; Meganck, Jeroen; Lane, Aoife; Kelly, Bridget; Casey, Meghan; Eime, Rochelle; Villberg, Jari; Kannas, Lasse

    2016-03-01

    This paper seeks to review the current international health-promoting sports club (HPSC) research, drawing together findings based on case studies from various countries to illustrate the status of HPSCs. In addition, future challenges for HPSC research and implementation are considered. The review includes six case studies from five countries. In summary, there are two major research themes in this area, namely 'research into HPSC activity' and 'research into HPSC networks'. The first theme investigates the extent to which sports clubs and/or national sports organisations invest in health promotion (HP) - both in policy and practice. The latter theme is driven by an intention to widen the scope of HPSCs to reach novel internal actors, like parents, siblings, etc., and/or external non-sporting bodies, like communities, schools, etc. The future challenges for HPSC research require a better understanding of the motives, barriers and capacities of sports clubs and coaches. Sports organisations, clubs and coaches generally support the intent of the HPSC concept, but even with the best evidence- or theory-based HP programmes/guidelines/standards, nothing will happen in practice if the nature and capacities of sports clubs are not better acknowledged. Therefore, a call for embracing implementation science is finally made to enhance implementation. PMID:27199020

  13. Perspectives of Turkish Intern and Non-Intern Students towards Sport Management Internship within the Context of Field Experience

    Coknaz, Dilsad

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine differences between intern and non-intern students in terms of their perspectives on sport management internship within the context of field experience. The subjects of the study were a total of 189 students. They were 4th year students who completed their internship and 3rd year students who were yet to…

  14. Empirical links between achievement goal theory and self-determination theory in sport.

    Ntoumanis, N

    2001-06-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the empirical links between achievement goal theory and self-determination theory in sport. Addressing theoretical and methodological limitations of previous research, the study tested the independent and interactive effects of goal orientations and perceived competence on seven motivational variables with different degrees of self-determination. Regression analyses of data collected from 247 British university students showed that task orientation predicted motivational variables with high self-determination. In contrast, ego orientation predicted motivational variables with low self-determination. Perceived competence predicted both high self-determined and low self-determined motivational variables. A significant interaction emerged between task and ego orientations in predicting external regulation. The results suggest the adaptive role of task orientation in facilitating self-determined motivation in sport. However, the findings are not conclusive, as the variance explained in most analyses was relatively small. Suggestions are offered for a more comprehensive empirical testing of the links between the two theories. PMID:11411776

  15. EXAMINING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF SPORTS SCIENCES FACULTY STUDENTS: THE CASE OF FIRAT UNIVERSITY

    Cemal GÜNDOĞDU

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The most emphasised aspect of teaching is student achievement. It is the reason for teaching and the product teaching produces. The potential of a well - qualified workforce with high academic achievement is thought to be the primary factor in the development of a society. This study was designed to examine the academic achievement of students studying at the Sports Sciences Faculty of Fırat University in terms of a set of variables. The entire population was included, and the study was conducted with 684 students (80.1%. A que stionnaire developed by the researchers was used as the data - gathering instrument. The data were evaluated using a statistical package program, and presented as frequency, percentage and means. The Kruskal Wallis and Mann - Whitney U tests were used to analy se the data. This research found that there was a significant relationship between the students’ academic achievement scores and their age, gender, mothers' state of employment, place of residence, departments, year of study and type of education (p<0.05.

  16. International Olympic Committee consensus statement: harassment and abuse (non-accidental violence) in sport.

    Mountjoy, Margo; Brackenridge, Celia; Arrington, Malia; Blauwet, Cheri; Carska-Sheppard, Andrea; Fasting, Kari; Kirby, Sandra; Leahy, Trisha; Marks, Saul; Martin, Kathy; Starr, Katherine; Tiivas, Anne; Budgett, Richard

    2016-09-01

    Despite the well-recognised benefits of sport, there are also negative influences on athlete health, well-being and integrity caused by non-accidental violence through harassment and abuse. All athletes have a right to engage in 'safe sport', defined as an athletic environment that is respectful, equitable and free from all forms of non-accidental violence to athletes. Yet, these issues represent a blind spot for many sport organisations through fear of reputational damage, ignorance, silence or collusion. This consensus statement extends the 2007 IOC Consensus Statement on Sexual Harassment and Abuse in Sport, presenting additional evidence of several other types of harassment and abuse-psychological, physical and neglect. All ages and types of athletes are susceptible to these problems but science confirms that elite, disabled, child and lesbian/gay/bisexual/trans-sexual (LGBT) athletes are at highest risk, that psychological abuse is at the core of all other forms and that athletes can also be perpetrators. Harassment and abuse arise from prejudices expressed through power differences. Perpetrators use a range of interpersonal mechanisms including contact, non-contact/verbal, cyber-based, negligence, bullying and hazing. Attention is paid to the particular risks facing child athletes, athletes with a disability and LGBT athletes. Impacts on the individual athlete and the organisation are discussed. Sport stakeholders are encouraged to consider the wider social parameters of these issues, including cultures of secrecy and deference that too often facilitate abuse, rather than focusing simply on psychopathological causes. The promotion of safe sport is an urgent task and part of the broader international imperative for good governance in sport. A systematic multiagency approach to prevention is most effective, involving athletes, entourage members, sport managers, medical and therapeutic practitioners, educators and criminal justice agencies. Structural and

  17. International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance.

    Goldstein, Erica R; Ziegenfuss, Tim; Kalman, Doug; Kreider, Richard; Campbell, Bill; Wilborn, Colin; Taylor, Lem; Willoughby, Darryn; Stout, Jeff; Graves, B Sue; Wildman, Robert; Ivy, John L; Spano, Marie; Smith, Abbie E; Antonio, Jose

    2010-01-01

    Position Statement: The position of The Society regarding caffeine supplementation and sport performance is summarized by the following seven points: 1.) Caffeine is effective for enhancing sport performance in trained athletes when consumed in low-to-moderate dosages (~3-6 mg/kg) and overall does not result in further enhancement in performance when consumed in higher dosages (>/= 9 mg/kg). 2.) Caffeine exerts a greater ergogenic effect when consumed in an anhydrous state as compared to coffee. 3.) It has been shown that caffeine can enhance vigilance during bouts of extended exhaustive exercise, as well as periods of sustained sleep deprivation. 4.) Caffeine is ergogenic for sustained maximal endurance exercise, and has been shown to be highly effective for time-trial performance. 5.) Caffeine supplementation is beneficial for high-intensity exercise, including team sports such as soccer and rugby, both of which are categorized by intermittent activity within a period of prolonged duration. 6.) The literature is equivocal when considering the effects of caffeine supplementation on strength-power performance, and additional research in this area is warranted. 7.) The scientific literature does not support caffeine-induced diuresis during exercise, or any harmful change in fluid balance that would negatively affect performance. PMID:20205813

  18. International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance

    Wildman Robert

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Position Statement: The position of The Society regarding caffeine supplementation and sport performance is summarized by the following seven points: 1. Caffeine is effective for enhancing sport performance in trained athletes when consumed in low-to-moderate dosages (~3-6 mg/kg and overall does not result in further enhancement in performance when consumed in higher dosages (≥ 9 mg/kg. 2. Caffeine exerts a greater ergogenic effect when consumed in an anhydrous state as compared to coffee. 3. It has been shown that caffeine can enhance vigilance during bouts of extended exhaustive exercise, as well as periods of sustained sleep deprivation. 4. Caffeine is ergogenic for sustained maximal endurance exercise, and has been shown to be highly effective for time-trial performance. 5. Caffeine supplementation is beneficial for high-intensity exercise, including team sports such as soccer and rugby, both of which are categorized by intermittent activity within a period of prolonged duration. 6. The literature is equivocal when considering the effects of caffeine supplementation on strength-power performance, and additional research in this area is warranted. 7. The scientific literature does not support caffeine-induced diuresis during exercise, or any harmful change in fluid balance that would negatively affect performance.

  19. A meta-analysis of self-reported achievement goals and nonself-report performance across three achievement domains (work, sports, and education.

    Nico W Van Yperen

    Full Text Available During the past three decades, the achievement goal approach to achievement motivation has emerged as an influential area of research, and is dedicated to understanding the reasons behind the individual's drive to achieve competence and performance. However, the current literature on achievement goals is segmented rather than integrated. That is, citations across the three major and distinct achievement domains (work, education, and sports are more the exception than the rule and similarities and differences between findings for the different achievement domains have yet to be tested. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationships between self-reported achievement goals and nonself-report performance through meta-analysis, and the moderating potential of achievement domain. Identifying achievement domain as moderator improves our understanding to which contexts we can (not generalize conclusions to, it helps to understand seemingly inconsistent findings, and opens avenues for future research on the underlying processes. Because the achievement goal (AG measure used in a study is partially confounded with achievement domain, we examined the moderating role of this variable as well. Our findings suggest that - overall - approach goals (either mastery or performance were associated positively with performance attainment, whereas avoidance goals (either mastery or performance were associated negatively with performance attainment. These relationships were moderated by achievement domain. For example, relative to the education or work domain, in the sports domain, we did not observe negative correlations between avoidance goals and performance. The absence of statistical moderation due to AG measure suggests that the observed moderation of achievement domain cannot be explained by the AG measure utilized. We suggest further steps to integrate the achievement goal literature, and accordingly, to broaden and deepen understanding of

  20. Sports sponsorship as an international marketing communications tool – A multiple case study of Finnish companies

    Salo, Hanne

    2011-01-01

    Research objectives – Sponsorship as a marketing communications tool increasingly attracts academic interest; however, the international aspect of the practice of sponsorship has not yet been extensively studied. The purpose of this study is to examine how sports sponsorship is utilizable as an instrument of international marketing communications in an effective manner in context of companies’ international operations. The theoretical part of the study aims to isolate the characteristic...

  1. THE LEVEL AND AGE DYNAMICS OF SPORTS ACHIEVEMENTS OF ATHLETES-VETERANS OF THE HAMMER THROW

    Ivanova Natalya Dmitrievna

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the records of the world and Russian athletes veterans in the hammer throw, starting with the age group 35-39 years and up to age group 100-104 years, and a comparison of the records of veterans subject to an age factor and of the high scores of athletes in the current sports. The aim of the work is to analyze the level and dynamics of the records of the world and Russian athletes, veterans in the hammer throw in each five-year group starting with the age group 35-39 years and up to age group 100-104 years. The novelty of the work consists in comparison of the records of the world and Russia in the hammer throw active athletes and records of veterans with the amendment to the age factor. Analysis of the level and age dynamics of sports achievements of domestic and foreign athletes-throwers older age groups. In the course of the research it is established, that in the throwing hammer, decreasing absolute (without regard to the age factor results, which is largely due to the natural age-related changes in the organism of athletes. Records of the world athletes-veterans compared with the records of active athletes and the transition from each of the five-year group in the following, decline on average in men by 10,0%, among women by 19,3%, in spite of the fact that the weight of the shells in the hammer throw with age decreases. Presented the reasons for the backwardness of Russian athletes older than 35 years of foreign veterans.

  2. Volunteerism and international sport organisations: XVII. Mediterranean Games

    ESENTAS, Melike; UNLU, Hulya; GUZEL, Pinar; OZBEY, Selhan

    2015-01-01

    After the recent candidacy process and while the Olympic Games are going on to be a dream, very important and large-scale organizations are continuing to be done in our Country. The head of them is XVII. Mediterranean Games which can not be placed in Greece because of economical reasons. One of the most important activities as such large and the successful execution of the multi-level voluntary organization of sporting events lead voluntary organization. The aim of this study; is to determina...

  3. Banned drugs in sport. Does the International Olympic Committee (IOC) list need updating?

    Mottram, D R

    1999-01-01

    The International Olympic Committee (IOC) published the first list of doping classes in 1967. Since that time, there have been significant problems associated with doping control in sport. Sport is a high profile, internationally recognised activity. However, operational inconsistencies exist between countries and between sports federations. Endogenous substances, such as testosterone, human growth hormone (hGH) and erythropoietin (Epo) present particular problems in determining what constitutes 'normal' levels in athletes. In addition, there is no reliable method available for the detection of hGH and Epo through urine testing. Athletes continue to test positive for banned drugs that are available over-the-counter despite their having been taken inadvertently, without intent to enhance performance. Marijuana use is becoming widespread in society and the impact of this in sport is becoming evident. Doping control, through the IOC list, must continue as a primary objective for the IOC and the sports federations. Constant vigilance and a continued willingness to respond rapidly to change is a prerequisite for such a list. The IOC appears to recognise this need. There are, however, more fundamental issues to be considered. The concept of doping control must be supported by high quality research, effective education and international collaboration. More research is needed into the factors which induce an athlete to take drugs and into the effect, if any, that education on drugs is having on competitors. The most important area for change is the overriding need for international collaboration between the IOC, governments and sports federations. This applies to uniformity in the rules and regulations, consistency in the application and level of sanctions and cooperation on the dissemination of information and development of education policies. PMID:10028129

  4. The Effect of Interscholastic Sports Participation on Academic Achievement of Middle Level School Students

    Stephens, Larry J.; Schaben, Laura A.

    2002-01-01

    Eighth graders (N = 136) were divided into two groups: students who had participated in at least one interscholastic sport and were classified as athletes (n = 73), and students who had not participated in interscholastic sports and were classified as nonathletes (n = 63). The mean grade point average (GPA) for each group and subgroup was computed…

  5. IOC women and sport awards 2015

    2016-01-01

    The IOC Women and Sport Awards were introduced in 2000 to recognise the outstanding achievements and contributions of those who promote gender equality in sport. Every year, the IOC invites each National Olympic Committee, International Federation and Continental Association to nomiate a person or association active in promoting gender equality and the presence of women in their sport or country. An IOC jury composed of members of the IOC Women in Sport Commission reviews the nominations and ...

  6. Sport development and community development.

    Lindsey, I.; Adams, A.

    2013-01-01

    The potential of sport to contribute to community development has increasingly gained global prominence in recent years. This alignment of sport with community development can be attributed to the general view of sport as morally benign (Coalter, 2007) and its increasing salience to both international bodies and national governments as a mechanism to achieve particular local policy objectives (Houlihan and Green, 2009). The United Nations (2003, p5), for example, states its belief that “s...

  7. EFFECT OF NEGATIVE EMOTIONAL RESPONSE TO COMPETITIVE STRESSORS ON SPORTS ACHIEVEMENTS OF BASKETBALL PLAYERS

    Santosh Bajpai; Avinash Yadav

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to compare sports competitive anxiety between national, state and district level male basketball players. For present study, 100 national level male basketball players (Ave. age 25.12 yrs.), 100 state level male basketball players (Ave. age 22.34 yrs.) and 100 district level male basketball players (Ave. age 21.92 yrs.) were selected as sample. The sample was collected through convenience sampling method. Sports Competitive Anxiety Test (SCAT) constructed and s...

  8. International Group Heterogeneity and Students' Business Project Achievement

    Ding, Ning; Bosker, Roel J.; Xu, Xiaoyan; Rugers, Lucie; van Heugten, Petra PAM

    2015-01-01

    In business higher education, group project work plays an essential role. The purpose of the present study is to explore the relationship between the group heterogeneity of students' business project groups and their academic achievements at both group and individual levels. The sample consists of 536 freshmen from an International Business School…

  9. Principal Leadership and Mathematics Achievement: An International Comparative Study

    Shin, Seon-Hi; Slater, Charles L.

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the differences and similarities in the impact of school leadership on student mathematics achievement in different global regions using TIMSS international data. Three-level unconditional and conditional hierarchical models were fitted to the data in each country. The findings showed that the variables of teacher…

  10. The influence of parents on achievement orientation and motivation for sport of adolescent athletes with and whithout disabilities

    Gutiérrez Sanmartín, Melchor; Caus i Pertegaz, Núria; Ruiz Pérez, Luis Miguel

    2011-01-01

    The purpose was three-fold. First, to analyze the psychometric properties of scales used. Second, to test the relationship among athletes’ perceptions of parents’ goal orientation and their own goal orientation and intrinsic motivation. Third, to compare athletes with and without disabilities with respect to the infuence of parents on athletes’ achievement orientation and motivation for sport. Participants were 173 amateur athletes (80 with disabilities, 93 without disabilitie...

  11. Prioritizing of National Olympic Sports Federations

    Kraytem, Ezzat Ghazi; Chelladurai, Packianathan

    2012-01-01

    Achieving international and especially Olympic sporting success has become increasingly important to a growing number of countries. As competition in international sports arenas is on the increase, more nations are adopting strategic policies to develop world-class athletes in order to attain a place on the podiums. Governments have become more willing to intervene directly in elite sports development by strategically making considerable financial investment thus leading to the increase in in...

  12. International Society of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB)

    Wilson Jacob M; Fitschen Peter J; Campbell Bill; Wilson Gabriel J; Zanchi Nelo; Taylor Lem; Wilborn Colin; Kalman Douglas S; Stout Jeffrey R; Hoffman Jay R; Ziegenfuss Tim N; Lopez Hector L; Kreider Richard B; Smith-Ryan Abbie E; Antonio Jose

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Position Statement: The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) bases the following position stand on a critical analysis of the literature on the use of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) as a nutritional supplement. The ISSN has concluded the following. 1. HMB can be used to enhance recovery by attenuating exercise induced skeletal muscle damage in trained and untrained populations. 2. If consuming HMB, an athlete will benefit from consuming the supplement in close pro...

  13. The practice of applied sport, exercise, and performance psychology: Irish and international perspectives

    Campbell, Mark; Moran, Aidan P.

    2014-01-01

    As Chapter 1 has shown, considerable disagreement exists about the boundaries between the fields of sport, exercise, and performance psychology (SEPP). Given this background of uncertainty, the present chapter will focus on establishing some common ground between these disciplines. More precisely, it will investigate Irish and international perspectives on the key skills required by effective SEPP practitioners to help people to do their best when it matters most. We have organ...

  14. Examination of Academic Achievement in Early Adolescence: A Comparison for Adolesence with Visual Impairments Doing Sport or Not Doing Sport

    Taskin, Cengiz

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was examination of academic achievement of early adolescents with visual impairments. Eighty eight children from Turkey, (age = 12.30 ± 1.22 years; height = 144.10 ± 5.51 cm; weight = 41.45 ± 4.68 kg) for twenty female athletes, (age = 12.30 ± 1.79; height = 151.04 ± 7.49 cm; weight = 48.18 ± 7.63 kg) for twenty seven male…

  15. THE EFFECTS OF SPORTING HABIT ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENTS AND LEVEL OF LEARNED HELPLESSNESS

    Mehmet İMAMOĞLU

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to analyse the effects of habit of doing sports in 8th grade students’ academic achivements and level of learned helplessness.The research group consists of totally 408 8th grade students ( 213 girls and 195 boys who are in Bolu, Gerede. Depressive Attributional Style Questionnaire which is developed by Seligman and the others (1984 and adopted to Turkish and made standardization by Aydın (1985 is used with the aim of testing the level of learned helplessness. Demographic survey is applied to the students. Kruksal Wallis and Mann Whitney U tests are used for statistical analysis of data.As a result of research findings, any significant differences can’t be found between the students’ level of learned helplessness who do sport or not (p>0.05. Similarly, it is determined that there is no effect of habit of doing sports in academic achivements (p> 0.05. It is observed that academic achivement doesn’t affect the level of learned helplessness (p>0.05. It is determined that parents’ education levels, professions, income states and students’ gender don’t differentiate the level of learned helplessness (p>0.05.As a consequence it is concluded that the habit of doing sport doesn’t affect 8th grade students’ level of learned helplessness and academic achivemens.

  16. Inside the brain of an elite athlete: The neural processes that support high achievement in sports

    Yarrow, K.; Brown, P.; Krakauer, J. W.

    2009-01-01

    Events like the World Championships in athletics and the Olympic Games raise the public profile of competitive sports. They may also leave us wondering what sets the competitors in these events apart from those of us who simply watch. Here we attempt to link neural and cognitive processes that have been found to be important for elite performance with computational and physiological theories inspired by much simpler laboratory tasks. In this way we hope to inspire neuroscientists to consider ...

  17. Globalization of the sports economy

    Wladimir Andreff

    2008-01-01

    Introduction – 1. Major features of a globalized sports economy – 2. International economic flows in a global sports economy – 3. Globalization as geographical spread of the sports economy – 4. Globalization of professional sports – Conclusion – References

  18. THE EFFECTS OF SPORTING HABIT ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENTS AND LEVEL OF LEARNED HELPLESSNESS

    Mehmet İMAMOĞLU; ÇEBİ, Mehmet; Tülin ATAN; Murat ELİÖZ

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyse the effects of habit of doing sports in 8th grade students’ academic achivements and level of learned helplessness.The research group consists of totally 408 8th grade students ( 213 girls and 195 boys) who are in Bolu, Gerede. Depressive Attributional Style Questionnaire which is developed by Seligman and the others (1984) and adopted to Turkish and made standardization by Aydın (1985) is used with the aim of testing the level of learned helplessness. ...

  19. State of the art in physical activity and sport sciences from the analysis of the 6th International Conference of the Spanish Sport Sciences Association: management and scientific perspectives Estado del arte en las Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte a través del VI Congreso de la AECD: Perspectivas científicas y organizativas

    Reina, R.

    2010-01-01

    This paper analyzes, from a qualitative and quantitative and qualitative point of view, the scientific production presented in 6th International Conference of the Spanish Sports Sciences Association, held in Elche in October 2010. It exposes the main contributions in sports training, exercise physiology, sport biomechanics, physical activity and health, control and motor learning, sports psychology, teaching in physical education and sport, recreation and sports management. We analyze the par...

  20. International assistance programmes in accession countries: Problems and achievements

    The question of the safety of nuclear installations goes beyond national borders, as was dramatically highlighted by the Chernobyl accident in 1986. The citizens of all EU Member States are concerned about the level of safety of nuclear installations in all the Member States and outside the Union also. In the early nineties the EU decided to take a prominent role in the international efforts to help the New Independent States and Central and Eastern European countries to improve their levels of nuclear safety. The EU Member States charged the EC with this responsibility. The two major instruments put in place by the EC to deliver the required assistance to these countries have been the Tacis1 and Phare2 programmes. In addition, the EU has Euratom loans and a number of small grant programmes at its disposal. Other Community initiatives have also contributed to enhancing nuclear safety in these countries: Euratom Framework Research Programme, Concertation on European Regulatory Tasks (CONCERT) Group, G-24 Nuclear Safety Assistance Co-ordination (NUSAC), etc. The paper is structured as follows: - Introduction; Strategy; Evaluation of nuclear safety in candidate countries; Implementation of the PHARE nuclear safety programme; Decommissioning; Main achievements - impact; The way forward; Some European web sites of interest

  1. The paradox of measuring succes of nations in elite sport

    de Bosscher, Veerle; Heyndels, B.; de Knop, Paul; van Bottenburg, M.; Shibli, Simon

    2008-01-01

    The achievement of international and especially Olympic sporting success is increasingly important to a growing number of countries. It is however not clear how success is defined and can be measured. The number of medals won in Olympics Games and other international sport competitions offers the mo

  2. Research of PHD and Sports Education Media Master Thesis

    许晓峰

    2014-01-01

    The access to relevant literature, This paper has discussed the research situation and significance of International Sports Education Media Politics through accessing to some relevant documents and materials, and has selected some important research achievements of Doctors’ and Maters’ papers on the topic of International Sports Education Media Politics, and also made recommendation and comments, e.g.

  3. Sports Involvement and Academic Achievement: A Study of Malaysian University Athletes

    Chuan, Chun Cheng; Yusof, Aminuddin; Shah, Parilah Mohd

    2013-01-01

    Factors that influence the academic achievement of Malaysian university athletes were investigated using 156 field hockey players from several universities. The relationship between team subculture, parental influence, the learning environment, support systems, financial aid, training factors, academic assistance, socialization, and stress level…

  4. Determining the Level of Achievement of Teaching Practice of the Student Teachers being educated in Physical Education and Sports Colleges

    Ayse Feray Ozbal; Hamdi Pepe

    2015-01-01

    This Research is carried out to determine the effects of teaching application at education Physical Education and Sports Teacher on the students who are studying at Physical Education and Sport Teaching Department. The research has been carried out to 4 th Grade Students who are studying at Selcuk University Faculty of Education Physical Education and Sports Teaching Department. SPPS Package Program was used for calculating and evaluation of the collected data. The data were summarized by giv...

  5. “ESP”理论视角下的大型国际赛事体育英语翻译现状分析%Present Situation and the Countermeasure Research on Sports English Interpretation in Chinese International Sporting Events

    杨飞

    2015-01-01

    In recent years,China'sports undertakings have become more and more marketized and the successful hos-ting of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games has further promoted international sports exchanges between China and foreign countries. However,sports English translation in international sports vents has constituted one of the major factors restricting the development of China's international sports events. Therefore,China's sports devel-opment urgently calls for high - quality sports English translation to meet corresponding needs. The fast devel-opment of large - scale international sporting events has highlighted the scarcity of sports interpreters in China. This paper,on the basis of ESP(English for Specific Purpose),probes into the features of sports English and the problems in interpretation in the international sporting events. It further comes up with the corresponding strategies and countermeasure so as to provide a completely new perspective for cultivating qualified sports Eng-lish interpreters for international large - scale sporting events in China.%在国际赛事大力发展的今天,在国内举办的大型国际体育赛事也得到了长足的发展,与此同时国内体育英语翻译人才匮乏也逐渐凸显。基于此背景,文章以国内开展大型国际体育赛事为例,运用 ESP理论(English for Specific Purpose 专门用途英语)对体育英语的自身特点进行研究,分析大型体育赛事中体育英语翻译面临的主要问题,并提出相应的发展对策,以期为培养大型体育赛事体育英语翻译人才提供一个全新的视角。

  6. How much is too much? (Part 1) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of injury.

    Soligard, Torbjørn; Schwellnus, Martin; Alonso, Juan-Manuel; Bahr, Roald; Clarsen, Ben; Dijkstra, H Paul; Gabbett, Tim; Gleeson, Michael; Hägglund, Martin; Hutchinson, Mark R; Janse van Rensburg, Christa; Khan, Karim M; Meeusen, Romain; Orchard, John W; Pluim, Babette M; Raftery, Martin; Budgett, Richard; Engebretsen, Lars

    2016-09-01

    Athletes participating in elite sports are exposed to high training loads and increasingly saturated competition calendars. Emerging evidence indicates that poor load management is a major risk factor for injury. The International Olympic Committee convened an expert group to review the scientific evidence for the relationship of load (defined broadly to include rapid changes in training and competition load, competition calendar congestion, psychological load and travel) and health outcomes in sport. We summarise the results linking load to risk of injury in athletes, and provide athletes, coaches and support staff with practical guidelines to manage load in sport. This consensus statement includes guidelines for (1) prescription of training and competition load, as well as for (2) monitoring of training, competition and psychological load, athlete well-being and injury. In the process, we identified research priorities. PMID:27535989

  7. PSYCHOSOCIAL SPORT MARKETING ATTITUDES OF

    Boye, Thomas E

    2011-01-01

    One of the strategy implementations in the achievement of the Nigeria Sport policy development is effective sport marketing (Onifade, 1999). The Nigerian government has been said to be solely responsible for funding and marketing sports hence, achieving the sports developmental goal is at its lowest ebb (Esuku, 2001).This study examined the psychosocial sports marketing attitudes of the stakeholders in the achievement of sports goal by 2020. It also determined attitudes of stakeholders toward...

  8. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SPORTS ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION BETWEEN QUALIFYING AND NON QUALIFYING TEAMS, OF NORTH ZONE INTER-UNIVERSITY HOCKEY TOURNAMENT

    Khan Mohd. Tanveer; Mohd. Zafar

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to compare the level of achievement motivation between the players of qualifying and non qualifying teams of north zone Inter-University hockey tournament held at Jamia Millia Islamia University, Delhi, India. For the purpose of the present investigation 40 male subjects (qualifying players=20 and non qualifying players =20) were considered as subjects of the study. Their age ranged from 17 to 25 years. The sports achievement motivation test developed by k...

  9. The highest achievements of Ukrainian powerlifting at international events during its origin and formation (1981-2012

    Stetsenko A.I.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : to conduct a comparative analysis of performance of national teams in major international competitions in various stages of formation and development of the Ukrainian powerlifting. Material : analysis protocols World and European championships for men and women, juniors and juniors, boys and girls, the veterans. Results : the highest achievement systematized members of national teams of Ukraine. The data Ukrainian competitions for the period from 1989 to 2012. The largest number of participants recorded in 2001 (575 athletes. Oscillatory nature of the dynamics set number of wins Ukrainian athletes at different stages of development of the Ukrainian powerlifting. Noted that there are changes in the number pattern gold awards in conjunction with the number of participants of Ukrainian championships. Conclusion : experts recommend using the data analysis process of fundamental laws of modern development of the sport. Creatively to predict future trends and prospects in powerlifting.

  10. A meta-analytic review of the approach-avoidance achievement goals and performance relationships in the sport psychology literature

    Marc Lochbaum

    2015-06-01

    Conclusion: The performance goal contrast holds value for sport performance research. Contrary to approach-avoidance predictions, the mastery-approach goal and performance effect size was significant and of equal magnitude as the performance approach goal and performance effect size. Thus, future research should closely test the efficacy of both the mastery- and performance contrasts in impacting performance of sport tasks. Last, the significant effect sizes reported in this review are in stark contrast to contemporary meta-analytic findings in education. Differences in the approach-avoidance goals in sport and education relative to performance should be researched further.

  11. SPORTS AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT

    Hanumanthayya Pujari

    2015-01-01

    Many studies have been done regarding the positive impact that athletics has on a student’s life. Studies have looked at the physical impact that athletics has on a student’s life like sportsmanship, healthy lifestyle, discipline, strategy, and time management. We will be looking at studies that have explored the impact that athletics has on students’ academic abilities. Academic success can be measured in many ways but we will explore grade point averages, math and...

  12. SPORTS AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT

    Hanumanthayya Pujari

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Many studies have been done regarding the positive impact that athletics has on a student’s life. Studies have looked at the physical impact that athletics has on a student’s life like sportsmanship, healthy lifestyle, discipline, strategy, and time management. We will be looking at studies that have explored the impact that athletics has on students’ academic abilities. Academic success can be measured in many ways but we will explore grade point averages, math and English test scores, and graduation success rates to show the positive impact athletics has on a student’s academic abilities

  13. The origins of the International Olympic Committee Medical Commission and its technocratic regime: an historiographic investigation of anti-doping regulation and enforcement in international sport

    Henne, Kathryn E.

    2010-01-01

    The research subject of this study is the development of anti-doping regulations - that is, the norms, institutions, and practices governing methods of perfomance enhancement in sport. In particular, it focuses on the origins of this regulatory regime under the jurisdiction of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) Medical Commission. Through archival research, this project engages the following historiographic question: What were the norms, institutions, and circumstances that led to the ...

  14. Differences in the Gained Results of the Male Students’ Achievements in First Year in Sport and Sport’s Activities Schooling

    Mitrevski, Viktor; Georgiev, Georgi; Klincarov, Ilija; Popeska, Biljana

    2009-01-01

    The research conducted above 353 male and female high school students from few cities in Macedonia, needs three sub-examples of those examinee students. Those subexamples are all males and their number is 81 from first grade who regularly were attending the sport and sport’s activities schooling in different working conditions. With multi-variance and univariance analysis(MANOVA, ANOVA) there are differences among the achievements of the students, expressed by numerical mark grades in f...

  15. Substance abuse prevalence and its relation to scholastic achievement and sport factors: an analysis among adolescents of the Herzegovina–Neretva Canton in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Sekulic Damir

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Substance abuse among adolescents is a major public health and social problem. However, studies rarely investigate the relationships between substance abuse, educational achievement and sport factors. Substance abuse is an even more significant problem in societies that have experienced trauma, such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, which have had recent wars. The aims of this study were to investigate substance abuse among adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to study the potential gender-specific relationships between a sport factors (physical activity/exercise/athletic participation and substance abuse and b scholastic achievement and substance abuse. Methods Our sample consisted of 1,032 adolescents who were 17 to 18 years old (435 boys and 597 girls and who were in the final grade of high school. These subjects were randomly selected from the territory of Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrospective testing was performed using an extensive self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire included questions involving topics such as sociodemographic variables, scholastic variables, sport factors, and substance abuse data (smoking habits, drugs consumption and alcohol consumption using the AUDIT questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, frequencies, analyses of the differences and correlational analyses were performed. Results Our results found that greater than one-third of the boys and one-fourth of the girls were daily smokers, and almost half of the boys and one-fifth of the girls practiced harmful drinking; other drugs (i.e. heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, etc. were rarely consumed. Boys dominated in sport factors, whereas girls were more successful in scholastic achievement. Approximately 23% of the boys and 6% of the girls reported that they practiced harmful drinking and smoked simultaneously. Educational failure, which was defined as having one or more negative grades at the end of the last two

  16. Assisting member states to achieve international analytical standards

    For more than forty years the IAEA has been assisting laboratories in its Member States to maintain and improve the quality and reliability of analytical data. This is achieved by organising worldwide and regional intercomparison studies and proficiency tests and by providing appropriate reference materials. Participation in proficiency testing schemes ensures an objective means of assessing and demonstrating the quality of the obtained laboratory data and reinforces the confidence of end users in the reliability of the reported analytical results. The External Quality Assurance (EQA) programme currently operated by the Soil Science Unit of the FAO/IAEA Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory in Seibersdorf, Austria encompasses: 1. training on the implementation of basic Quality Systems in isotope laboratories; 2. production and provision of purposely tailored information materials, standard operating procedures and handbooks on quality assurance; 3. production and provision of liquid and natural matrix reference materials; 4. organisation of annual proficiency tests on isotope abundance determination of 15N and 13C, the most common stable isotope tracers in agricultural research; 5. continuous technical advice to participating laboratories on analytical issues, including online troubleshooting and direct communication

  17. International Society of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB

    Wilson Jacob M

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Position Statement: The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN bases the following position stand on a critical analysis of the literature on the use of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB as a nutritional supplement. The ISSN has concluded the following. 1. HMB can be used to enhance recovery by attenuating exercise induced skeletal muscle damage in trained and untrained populations. 2. If consuming HMB, an athlete will benefit from consuming the supplement in close proximity to their workout. 3. HMB appears to be most effective when consumed for 2 weeks prior to an exercise bout. 4. Thirty-eight mg·kg·BM-1 daily of HMB has been demonstrated to enhance skeletal muscle hypertrophy, strength, and power in untrained and trained populations when the appropriate exercise prescription is utilized. 5. Currently, two forms of HMB have been used: Calcium HMB (HMB-Ca and a free acid form of HMB (HMB-FA. HMB-FA may increase plasma absorption and retention of HMB to a greater extent than HMB-CA. However, research with HMB-FA is in its infancy, and there is not enough research to support whether one form is superior. 6. HMB has been demonstrated to increase LBM and functionality in elderly, sedentary populations. 7. HMB ingestion in conjunction with a structured exercise program may result in greater declines in fat mass (FM. 8. HMB’s mechanisms of action include an inhibition and increase of proteolysis and protein synthesis, respectively. 9. Chronic consumption of HMB is safe in both young and old populations.

  18. On Sporting Nationalism : Research Methodology

    Uchiumi, Kazuo

    2010-01-01

    There are some theories that with globalization nationalisms will disappear, but nationalisms have been growing more and more. In sport, the number of international sporting events is increasing and sporting nationalism is becoming more and more obvious. Recently sporting nationalism and its relationship with (political) nationalism has been focused on. In this paper the author analyzed sporting nationalism in Japan and compared it with that of the United Kingdom, where researches on sporting...

  19. The Position and Development of Chinese Competitive Sports in International Sports Arena%我国竞技体育在国际体坛中的定位与发展

    马兆明

    2012-01-01

    我国竞技体育经历了旧中国的"东亚病夫"和新中国的"体育强国"两个不同的发展阶段。1984年洛杉矶奥运会以来,新中国竞技体育在国际竞技体坛表现出迅猛的发展势头。本研究梳理了近30年来我国竞技体育代表团历届奥运会和亚运会的竞技表现,认为:(1)我国竞技体育已是国际体坛竞争力很强的国家;(2)我国竞技体育已跨入世界竞技体育强国之列;(3)我国竞技体育在亚洲地域范围,稳居亚洲竞技体坛排头兵的位置;(4)我国竞技体育已步入国际体坛格局的"发达国家"时期。%The Chinese competitive sports have undergone two stages——from the era of 'the sick man of East Asia in old China to a new era of Sports Giant in the world.Since the Los Angles Olympic Games in 1984,the competitive sports of New China presented a rocketing development in the world.Based on the excellent performance of Chinese sports delegations in each Olympic Games and the Asian Games,this article draws the conclusion that:(1) the Chinese competitive sports has already powerful enough.(2) the Chinese competitive sports have stridden into one of the powerful sports nations in the international sports arena.(3) the Chinese competitive sports have already a front runner in Asia,and continually maintained this position.(4) the Chinese competitive sports have stepped into the 'developed period' of the international sports arena.

  20. Organization of international sporting events as a country’s promotional economic image tool

    Božo Skoko

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The article concentrates on the important aspect of image in a country’s political and economic objectives and deals with the role of sports in managing countries as brands. Analyzing the biggest sporting events in the world, such as the Olympic Games, football (soccer championships and others, authors attempt to detect and display their economic and promotional potential for host cities and countries as well as for participating nations. Special focus is on global media, which are essential in "creating" the events, transferring images and communicating impressions of the host city/country to the global public. The authors conclude that the most important role is that of the organizers, whose creativity and capabilities will for the most part determine the promotional and economic contribution of hosting such a sporting event. Activities prior to the main event and those following the event are also of great importance for the host country.

  1. 4 Corruption in Sport

    Andreff, Wladimir

    2016-01-01

    International audience A typology of sport corruption differentiates petty corruption, barter corruption, corruption at the level of sport governing bodies, betting scandals and point-shaving. A deeper analysis goes further as regards match fixing-related bets and global online fraudulent sport betting networks and suggests new tools for combatting match fixing.

  2. Strategic issues associated with the development of internal sustainability teams in sport and recreation organizations: A framework for action and sustainable environmental performance

    Michael E. Pfahl

    2010-01-01

    Developing environmentally related strategies is difficult as resource issues enable and constrain strategic planning. These issues affect the levels of awareness, knowledge, and actions of sport and recreation managers. The purpose of this paper is to reveal the strategic planning process developed for internal cross-functional sustainability teams to oversee environmental issues within sport and recreation organizations (i.e., the sustainability team). Analysis of the strategic construction...

  3. Reading Achievement and Science Proficiency: International Comparisons from the Programme on International Student Assessment

    Cromley, Jennifer G.

    2009-01-01

    Students need to develop scientific literacy in order to participate fully as citizens, community members, and in the globalized economy. But what is the relationship between scientific literacy and reading literacy? Three international data sets from the Programme on International Student Assessment (PISA) were used to calculate correlations…

  4. Academic Culture, Business Culture, and Measuring Achievement Differences: Internal Auditing Views

    Roth, Benjamin S.

    2012-01-01

    This study explored whether university internal audit directors' views of culture and measuring achievement differences between their institutions and a business were related to how they viewed internal auditing priorities and uses. The Carnegie Classification system's 283 Doctorate-granting Universities were the target population.…

  5. Relationships between Gender, Socioeconomic Status, Math Attitudes, and Math Achievement: An International Investigation

    Duerr, Sunny R.

    2012-01-01

    The relationships between gender, math attitude, and math achievement have traditionally been studied within individual countries, despite the existence of large international data sets available for analysis. This dissertation investigated the relationships between gender, math attitude, and math achievement based on information from 50…

  6. The Function and Countermeasure Research of Sports Information Service in the International Sports Events ----The Inspire of Sports Information Service in the Asian Games%竞赛信息服务在国际体育赛事中的作用与发展对策——亚运会竞赛信息服务的启示

    宋晴

    2012-01-01

    竞赛信息服务作为国际体育赛事的重要组成部分之一,为赛事组委会、比赛场区和参赛运动队之间提供了联系的主要桥梁,为国际体育赛事的圆满完成提供了积极保障。%As one of the important departments in the international sports events , the sports information service is the main contact between sports organizing committee,competition gymnasiums and the teams , and gives the positive security to put across the international sports events.

  7. The Sports Challenge international programme for identified 'at risk' children and adolescents: a Singapore study.

    Tester, G J; Watkins, G G; Rouse, I

    1999-01-01

    The current world wide phenomena of youth suicide which became a major issue for countries in the early nineties, is still growing exponentially. The Sports Challenge program was initiated in 1992 in Western Australia to identify 'at risk' children and adolescents who display: a low sense of basic trust, a sense of shame and doubt, a sense of inferiority and a sense of identity confusion with common characteristics of low self esteem. The subsequent program is based on a strong statistical paradigm encompassing current and historical information with reliable and objective evaluation measures. To this end, since 1992, Sports Challenge has been recognised as a 'World Best Practice' in redressing the issue of 'at risk' children and adolescents. The program now operates in over 150 schools and communities throughout Australia and 24 schools and Detention Centres in Singapore. This paper will allow a window into the development of the program and the successful transfer of the project into Singapore. The Singapore study which began in 1996 has revealed the success of the Sports Challenge program cross culturally with improvement in self esteem and self concept of 'at risk' groups in the range of 18% to 44%. PMID:10829826

  8. Social management in the system of physical education and sports of employees of internal affairs of Ukraine

    Babenko V.G.

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The main forms, principles and methods of the physical training’s management of the Internal Affairs Agencies’s staff are considered. Reveals its consistency and conceptual approach to the mechanism of targeted and effective operation of the system under different conditions of the employees police. Determined that the system of physical training and sports of bodies and organs of internal affairs of Ukraine, except for departmental purposes, partly related to the overall social and cultural life of modern society, and the management of this system is social in nature and depends on the level of socialization of its top performers and other regional representatives. It is set that optimization of correction foresees subsequent purposeful realization of the planned complex of measures which answer certain terms and real possibilities of operating control the system.

  9. Sports Season, Sports Bars

    2008-01-01

    @@ For foreigners in Beijing, the sports bar is a special place, a place to gather for watching matches and a place to feel the familiarity of home, while for some sports enthusiasts it serves as their second home.

  10. PSYCHOSOCIAL SPORT MARKETING ATTITUDES OF

    Tomas E. Boye

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available One of the strategy implementations in the achievement of the Nigeria Sport policy development is effective sport marketing (Onifade, 1999. The Nigerian government has been said to be solely responsible for funding and marketing sports hence, achieving the sports developmental goal is at its lowest ebb (Esuku, 2003.This study examined the socio- psychological sports marketing attitudes of the stakeholders in the achievement of sports goal by 2020. It also determined attitudes of stakeholders towards sports marketing. The participants for the study consisted 1,200 Nigerian sampled from twelve States and from the various professions, who are stakeholders to sports marketing (corporate and private organizations, sports Journalists, sports psychologists, sports councils, ministry of sports, coaches, labour unions, University and athletes. They were purposively sampled. The main research tool was the questionnaire that was used to obtain information on the different variables. The descriptive statistics of frequency and percentages were used for the analysis of the demographic information, while inferential statistics of one way analysis of variance (ANOVA was used to test the hypotheses formulated at 0.05 level of significance. The results confirmed that Nigerian government is solely responsible for marketing sports which ought not to be if effective sports marketing must be realized toward the attainment of the millennium goals. Also revealed are fair positive socio- psychological attitudes of few corporate organizations, and negative socio- psychological attitudes from individuals of most corporate organizations. Suggestions were advanced towards the improvement of achieving the sports developmental goals.

  11. TAI CHI CHUAN: STATE OF THE ART IN INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH: VOL 52 (MEDICINE & SPORT SCIENCE

    Youlian Hong

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available DESCRIPTION This collection on the latest and practical research data about the characteristics and beneficial effects of Tai Chi Chuan on various physiological and pathological matters is published as the 52nd volume of Medicine and Sport Science Journal. PURPOSE To address the effects of Tai Chi Chuan in the fields of biomechanics and physiology, sensory motor control and fall prevention, psychology and social aspects, as well as various clinical applications. FEATURES The book is organised into four sections, each containing four to seven chapters: the first section focuses on biomechanical and physiological aspects of Tai Chi in seven chapters, the second section addresses the benefits of the sport in terms of sensory motor control and fall prevention in five chapters, the third section highlights the psychological and social aspects in four chapters, and in the last section the application of Tai Chi in clinical intervention such as in Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's diseases, coronary heart disease, chronic heart failure, breast cancer, rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes is demonstrated in six chapters. AUDIENCE This is a thorough reference book for students, researchers, teachers and healthcare professionals in exercise science and medicine. In fact, anyone already practicing Tai Chi Chuan or considering it up would benefit from this book. ASSESSMENT This 52nd volume of Medicine and Sport Science Journal on Tai Chi Chuan is a valuable and essential source of information brought together by recognized researchers around the Globe. The book is for everybody who is interested in understanding the effects and application of this fascinating form of exercise which has been developed as a form of martial arts and used for health exercise for centuries in China.

  12. Mapping the First 10 Years with Leximancer: Themes and Concepts in the Sports Management International Journal Choregia

    Christos Anagnostopoulos

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This study uses Leximancer (a text-mining tool for visualizing the structure of concepts and themes in text to map the published research within Sports Management International Journal Choregia from 2005 to 2014. Drawing on 88 papers, of which 61 were classified as empirical and 27 as non-empirical ones, results reveal that the last half of the examined period concerned works that do not relate to the Greek context, which has been the case during the first years of Choregia’s publication. ‘Sports participation’, ‘physical activity’, ‘Greek football clubs’ – all largely associated with ‘management’ and ‘factors’ – shape the main themes in the studies published within Choregia. In addition, an emphasis on positivistic approaches, through the employment of questionnaires and utilizing students as the population for data collection, appears to be the dominant methodological orientation of the published content in Choregia. Becoming the platform for studies that originate beyond the American, Greek, and Iranian contexts, through special issues and invited contributions in the form of research notes would potentially increase this outlet’s scope and depth (that is, context and themes, respectively.

  13. The challenges of the volunteerism process during international sport organizations/events

    Meliha Atalay Noordegraaf

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to explore the challenges of volunteers at various stages in their volunteering activities during international sport organizations/events and how these are interlinked with their personal benefits. This study also aimed to analyze the experiences of volunteers during the management process and their thoughts about volunteerism. The method applied in this study was qualitative in nature and the phenomenological approach was used. Data was collected by interviewing. “Purposeful sampling” method and “Criterion sampling” strategy were used. In this study, 3 experienced volunteer leaders with identified criteria were selected and face to face and online interviews with open-ended questions were conducted in 2015 and written opinions of participants were asked via e-mail. "Descriptive analysis" and "content analysis" methods were used to analyze data. In order to ensure reliability and validity four aspects were used: credibility, transferability, dependability and conformability. In these strategies; expert review, confirmation of participants and purposive sampling methods were used. According to the results, 3 main themes: 1. “Volunteerism”, and 2. “Benefits” gained from the experiences with 5 sub themes: a. personal development, b. team work, c. active participation and productivity,  d. joint sense of purpose and e. sustainability were determined; 3. “Challenges” affecting the process of volunteering determined with 6 sub themes: a. field of expertise, b. volunteer education, c. structure of organization, d. management process of the organization, e. budget and f. lack of volunteers.  ÖzetBu çalışmanın amacı uluslararası spor organizasyonlarında gönüllü olan katılımcıların gönüllülük  sürecinde yaşadıkları zorlukları ortaya çıkarmaktır. Araştırmada ayrıca katılımcıların deneyimlerinin ve gönüllülük hakkındaki düşüncelerinin bir değerlendirmesi yap

  14. International Symposium on the Effective Teaching of Racquet Sports. Proceedings (1st, Urbana, Illinois, June 11-14, 1980).

    Groppel, Jack L., Ed.; Sears, Ronald G., Ed.

    Researchers, coaches, and players of racquet sports were brought together for this symposium on four racquet sports. Although most of the papers presented at the symposium were written by Americans, one of the speakers was from Canada, and another was from Australia. The sports represented were badminton, racquetball, tennis, and squash. In Part…

  15. 50 CFR 23.74 - How can I trade internationally in personal sport-hunted trophies?

    2010-10-01

    ..., EXPORTATION, AND IMPORTATION OF WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA (CITES) International Trade in Certain Specimens § 23.74 How can I... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How can I trade internationally...

  16. DRUGS IN SPORT

    David R. Mottram

    2005-12-01

    undergraduates and researchers in sports science. ASSESSMENT This book is almost a compulsory reading for anyone interested in drug in sport, performance in sport, drug treatment in sport injuries, actions of drugs, nutritional supplements in sport, doping control and rules, social/political viewpoint of drug usage, sports medicine and for those wishing to run comprehensive research in this and relevant areas. The fact that the contributors are leading international researchers in this field makes this book more welcome.

  17. International Assessment: A Rasch Model and Teachers' Evaluation of TIMSS Science Achievement Items

    Glynn, Shawn M.

    2012-01-01

    The Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) is a comparative assessment of the achievement of students in many countries. In the present study, a rigorous independent evaluation was conducted of a representative sample of TIMSS science test items because item quality influences the validity of the scores used to inform…

  18. A veterinary review of endurance riding as an international competitive sport.

    Nagy, Annamaria; Dyson, Sue J; Murray, Jane K

    2012-12-01

    The popularity of competitive endurance riding is growing worldwide and this has led to considerable changes in the discipline (e.g., fitter and faster horses and different types of injuries), which create challenges to all involved in the sport, including veterinarians. During endurance competitions, horses are closely monitored by veterinarians throughout the ride, with the aim of removing from the competition animals whose welfare appears to be endangered. This close monitoring provides veterinarians with an insight into problems during competitions. However, there is a relatively small amount of clinically relevant, evidence-based data published on endurance horses, and this article reviews the evolution of the discipline, the published information on epidemiological data on endurance rides, the problems veterinarians face at competitions, and highlights those areas where research is warranted. PMID:22819800

  19. Technology and Sport

    Møller, Rasmus Bysted; Møller, Verner

    2015-01-01

    The relationship between sport and technology is close and can be both fruitful and destructive. Technology has a constitutive function in sport as it makes the activity possible and it can enhance performance as well as the sporting experience. The use of football boots is clearly more comfortable...... and effective than playing in bare feet in a game of football. However, sport challenges its athletes by demanding the employment of less efficient means rather than more efficient means in pursuit of sport specific goals. Therefore technology can potentially subtract from the sporting experience and even...... threaten the internal logic of sport. If as an example very efficient hail cartridges were allowed for use in double trap shooting it would reduce the skills required to excel at that discipline reducing its value for participants and spectators alike. The use of forbidden performance enhancing substances...

  20. Is Sport Nationalism Justifiable?

    José Luis Pérez Triviño

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to clarify the deep relationships established between sport and nationalism by considering, among other factors, the instrumentalisation of sport by political elites, political apathy of citizens, economic resources for sport, the question of violence or identitarian matters. In order to define if the combination of sport and nationalism is admissible, the paper defines sport nationalism and distinguishes the political use of sport for purposes of domestic and foreign policy. In the first section the analysis focuses on whether a causal link with respect to the contribution to violence can be established and with respect to its use in the internal politics of a state, the paper differentiates between normal political circumstances and political crises in order to properly address the question of whether there are grounds to assert that sport can distract citizens from asserting their genuine interests.

  1. Is Sport Nationalism Justifiable?

    José Luis Pérez Triviño

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to clarify the deep relationships established between sport and nationalism by considering, among other factors, the instrumentalisation of sport by political elites, political apathy of citizens, economic resources for sport, the question of violence or identitarian matters. In order to define if the combination of sport and nationalism is admissible, the paper defines sport nationalism and distinguishes the political use of sport for purposes of domestic and foreign policy. In the first section the analysis focuses on whether a causal link with respect to the contribution to violence can be established and with respect to its use in the internal politics of a state, the paper differentiates between normal political circumstances and political crises in order to properly address the question of whether there are grounds to assert that sport can distract citizens from asserting their genuine interests.

  2. How Do the Internal Variables of the Sport Konsumer Affect the Marketing of ports Events; Case Study Triathlon in the UK

    Ian Arnott

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Triathlons and their events are in a new era in the consumption of sport. Because of this increased funding more professionals are needed to understand what attracts sports consumers to what is seen as a gruelling but enjoyable multi sports event.  For affective marketing and event management, practioners need to understand more and more what decisions are made when the sports consumer makes a choice for a particular sports event.This study is focused at the National Governing Body for the sport of Triathlon in the United Kingdom and also the Regional/ local event managers and marketers. Drawing upon marketing and consumer behaviour literature, the primary aim of this research was to investigate from the consumer perspective how their internal variables during the decision making process of consumer behaviour affects the selection of sports event, namely triathlon. To establish this information, data was drawn upon previous participants of a triathlon event, then a further investigation into what decisions were made from triathlon consumer’s perspective when selecting an event.A self administered piloted questionnaire was done in January (2005 with twelve active local triathletes. A further 60 were then posted and electronically mailed to previous participants of a Triathlon event 2005 at the end of January (2005. The consumer’s abilities ranged from the recreational participant through to the elite athlete and the questionnaire contained eighteen questions incorporating a variety of ordinal and nominal questions as well as likert scale questions. The questionnaires were both returned electronically and by post.The response rate was fairly high at 92% (n=55, respondents represented the sample frame representing a cross section of gender, age and abilities.  The quantitative data was analysed via SPSS 13.0 which is a statistical package. This revealed a variety of statistical results of approximately twenty with statistical findings (P

  3. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SPORTS ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION BETWEEN QUALIFYING AND NON QUALIFYING TEAMS, OF NORTH ZONE INTER-UNIVERSITY HOCKEY TOURNAMENT

    Khan Mohd. Tanveer

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to compare the level of achievement motivation between the players of qualifying and non qualifying teams of north zone Inter-University hockey tournament held at Jamia Millia Islamia University, Delhi, India. For the purpose of the present investigation 40 male subjects (qualifying players=20 and non qualifying players =20 were considered as subjects of the study. Their age ranged from 17 to 25 years. The sports achievement motivation test developed by kamlesh (1990 was used. It is a self evaluation questionnaire of 20 statements. The response value of this test extended from 0 to 40 in total. Each statement carries a maximum score of 2 and minimum score of 0. ‘t’ test was employed to analyze the data. Results have revealed no significant difference between the players of qualifying and non qualifying teams, of north zone Inter-University hockey tournament in regard to achievement motivation at 0.05 level of confidence.

  4. 大学生体育成绩与自我效能感的相关研究%On the Relation between College Students' Sport Achievements and Self-efficacy

    陈志喜; 王良民

    2011-01-01

    Through methods of literature review,questionnaire,data statistics and logic reasoning,the paper analyzed and discussed the characteristics of college students' self-efficacy and the correlation between self-efficacy and sports achievements by studying 300 college students.The result of the research shows: Self-efficacy has positive correlation with sports achievements,and students with sports excellence have higher level of self-efficacy than the students with average sports performance;male students perform better in sports and have higher level of self-efficacy than female students;the categories of universities have no significant influence on self-efficacy and sports achievements.The result of regression equation shows that the five factors affecting college student's self-efficacy are sorted by the coefficient in the descending order as follows: academic achievements,categories of universities,gender,major and sports achievements.And the five factors affecting college students' sports achievements are sorted by the coefficient in the descending order as follows: academic achievements,gender,self-efficacy,categories of universities and major.%通过文献资料法、问卷调查法、数理统计法、逻辑推理法等方法,以300名大学生为研究对象,研究大学生自我效能感的特征以及与体育成绩的相互关系,结果显示:自我效能感与体育成绩成正相关的关系,且体育成绩优秀的学生自我效能水平显著高于体育成绩一般的学生;男生的自我效能感略高于女生;学校类别对自我效能感和体育成绩没有显著影响。回归方程结果显示:影响大学生自我效能感的五个因子按系数从大到小排序为:文化成绩,学校,性别,专业,体育成绩;影响大学生体育成绩的五个因子按系数从大到小排序为:文化成绩,性别,自我效能感,学校,专业。

  5. A Cross-Cultural Perspective of Parental Influence on Female Adolescents' Achievement Beliefs and Behaviors in Sport and School Domains

    Bhalla, Jennifer A.; Weiss, Maureen R.

    2010-01-01

    Little is known about parental socialization processes for youth participants from different cultural backgrounds. The purpose of this study was to examine parental influence on self-perceptions, task values, and achievement behaviors among female adolescents from two cultures using Eccles' expectancy-value theory (Eccles et al., 1983). Twelve…

  6. “ANALYSIS OF ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION AND SELF CONCEPT AMONG ATTACKER,SETTER AND LIBERO VOLLEY BALL PLAYERS”

    Mahantesh B.Khanapur

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Sports are psycho-social activity; Sports have a very important role in modern society. It is important to an individual, a group, a nation and indeed the world. Sports performance is the result and expression of the total personality of the sports man. The sports man is also to achieve high-level performance by concentrating on major areas like physical power, physiological efficiency, psychological development, application of bio-mechanics and environmental adjustments. The word ‘Sports’ occasionally denotes either to a pleasant part time or somewhat hazardous recreation. Today Sports are considered as international discipline as it develops international understanding and universal brotherhood. Sports develop national character and also it provides to fullest self expression to man and it is one of the fundamental needs. “The life is like sport. The lord is the greatest sportsman. He plays without thinking of winning or losing”.

  7. The rodeo athlete: sport science: part I.

    Meyers, Michael C; Laurent, C Matthew

    2010-05-01

    Based on the tradition, history and lore of the American West, as well as the individualistic nature and lifestyle of the sport of rodeo, the rodeo athlete has achieved iconic status in sport, literature, art and entertainment. For over half a century, rodeo has become a staple of organized sport programmes in high schools, universities and international competitions. The origins of rodeo grew from ranch work dating back to the Spanish vaqueros in the 1700s. The sport was officially organized in 1929 and, by the 1930s, championships were determined and the sport of rodeo surpassed baseball and auto racing in spectator attendance. Since then, sponsorship has grown, resulting in extensive worldwide popularity through major media outlets. Despite growing popularity, few investigations exist regarding the scientific aspects of the sport. Rodeo competition is an activity that is basically intermittent in nature, with short periods of highly intense activity. When considering that experience and, thus, improvement in rodeo is achieved solely through constant and punishing practices involving actual and repetitive, human versus livestock competition, the practices closely imitate a sport-specific form of interval training. Studies, which address the anthropometric and performance characteristics of rodeo competitors, reveal that they are comparable to athletes in more traditional sports. The psychological constructs conducive to performance in rodeo have been varied and limited, with most research efforts focused on personality characteristics, sensation seeking and competitive anxiety. Nevertheless, when evaluated relative to higher levels of traditional sport performance, rodeo participants closely resemble their mainstream counterparts. Although efforts to quantify this non-traditional sport are still in the initial stages, information concerning what the optimal fitness level of rodeo athletes should be for maximal performance levels, in a basically anaerobic sport

  8. Assessing achievement of Special Routine Immunization Week among relatively immobile internal migrants in Uttar Pradesh, India

    SP Patel

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Yet, approximately 30% dwellers are internal migrants in India. Migrant is one who resides away from his/her native home due to variety of reasons. In Uttar Pradesh, these relatively immobile internal migrants generally comprise of Nomad, Brick kiln and Migratory construction workers. The present study was carried out with the objective of evaluating the achievements of first phase of Special Routine Immunization Week (SRI week in terms of improvement of immunization status of a community of internal migrants in Lucknow. Materials and Methods: The study was a community-based observational, which undertook relatively immobile internal migrant communities attributed to local administration of Community Development Block, Sarojininagar, Lucknow. The study was conducted during 24-30 th April 2013, covering equal numbers of households (each 100 from the three type of communities selected randomly. An attempt of in-depth interview with the adult member was made to reveal the underlying issues of the study. Results: Of the three communities, migratory construction workers outnumbered in the literacy status (7.46%. The immunization coverage in all the three communities prior to the SRI week was 24.63% while post to the first phase of SRI week was 81.12%, thereby achieving immunization by 56.49%. The present study also showed no relation between vaccination achievement during SRI week and literacy status of different communities. Conclusions: There is a need of having such sessions at regular intervals repeatedly as well as conducting focused studies on these groups to identify the various factors which are responsible for poor immunization coverage and keep them in mind while planning such special immunization activities.

  9. Sport tourism

    Eva Schwartzhoffová

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Sport tourism is one specific type of travel and tourism. The goal of this article is to introduce the definition and importance of sport tourism to academic and sports professionals. At present, sport tourism is a diverse social, economic and cultural phenomenon arising from the unique interaction of activity, people and place. The second part of this article reports about sports events as an important part of sport tourism.

  10. Effects of simulated domestic and international air travel on sleep, performance, and recovery for team sports.

    Fowler, P; Duffield, R; Vaile, J

    2015-06-01

    The present study examined effects of simulated air travel on physical performance. In a randomized crossover design, 10 physically active males completed a simulated 5-h domestic flight (DOM), 24-h simulated international travel (INT), and a control trial (CON). The mild hypoxia, seating arrangements, and activity levels typically encountered during air travel were simulated in a normobaric, hypoxic altitude room. Physical performance was assessed in the afternoon of the day before (D - 1 PM) and in the morning (D + 1 AM) and afternoon (D + 1 PM) of the day following each trial. Mood states and physiological and perceptual responses to exercise were also examined at these time points, while sleep quantity and quality were monitored throughout each condition. Sleep quantity and quality were significantly reduced during INT compared with CON and DOM (P  0.05). Compared with baseline, physiological and perceptual responses to exercise, and mood states were exacerbated following the INT trial (P < 0.05). Attenuated intermittent-sprint performance following simulated international air travel may be due to sleep disruption during travel and the subsequent exacerbated physiological and perceptual markers of fatigue. PMID:24750359

  11. The Influence of Context on Occupational Selection in Sport-for-Development

    Janet Njelesani

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Sport-for-development (SFD is a growing phenomenon involving engagement in sport activities to achieve international development goals. Kicking AIDS Out is one sport for development initiative that raises HIV/AIDS awareness through sport. Despite sport-for-development’s global prevalence, there is a paucity of literature exploring how activities are selected for use in differing contexts. An occupational perspective can illuminate the selection of activities, sport or otherwise, in sport-for-development programming and the context in which they are implemented. The purpose of the study was to understand how context influences the selection of sport activities in Kicking AIDS Out programs. Thematic analysis was used to guide the secondary analysis of qualitative data gathered with Kicking AIDS Out leaders in Lusaka, Zambia and Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. Findings include that leaders strive to balance their activity preferences with those activities seen as feasible and preferential within their physical, socio-historical, and cultural contexts, and that leader’s differing understandings of sport as a development tool influences their selection of activities. To enable a better fit of activities chosen for the particular context and accomplishment of international development goals, sport-for-development programmes might consider how leaders are trained to select such activities.

  12. International Student’s Academic Achievement: Contribution of Gender, Self-efficacy and Socio-cultural Adjustment

    Aqeel Khan; Abdul Rahim Hamdan; Roslee Ahmad; Mohamed Sharif Mustaffa

    2015-01-01

    International students who pursue their education in other country have to cope various challenges related to their adjustment. Successful adjustment to higher learning institution becomes an important issue, failure to which may hinder self-efficacy and their academic achievement. Aim of current research is to investigate the influence of self-efficacy, and socio-cultural adjustment on their academic achievement among International students in Malaysia. Two hundreds International students we...

  13. State of the art in physical activity and sport sciences from the analysis of the 6th International Conference of the Spanish Sport Sciences Association: management and scientific perspectives Estado del arte en las Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte a través del VI Congreso de la AECD: Perspectivas científicas y organizativas

    R. Reina

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes, from a qualitative and quantitative and qualitative point of view, the scientific production presented in 6th International Conference of the Spanish Sports Sciences Association, held in Elche in October 2010. It exposes the main contributions in sports training, exercise physiology, sport biomechanics, physical activity and health, control and motor learning, sports psychology, teaching in physical education and sport, recreation and sports management. We analyze the participation of researches from the Spanish universities in order to establish a global perspective of the main centres of scientific production. Additionally, some recommendations for future are: i to achieve higher scientific standards (e.g. to accept only abstracts that use the scientific method and to carry out peer review process, ii better definition of the thematic areas to evaluate abstracts; iii to identify hot topics in the thematic areas to establish the estate of the art; iv more abstracts presented from a biological perspective, v better presence of the congress in the international forums; vi employment of advanced research techniques and technology; vii multi-and inter-disciplinary collaborations, and viii no distinction among oral presentation and poster abstracts.
    Key Words: conference, sport sciences, scientific method

    El presente artículo es una revisión, cuantitativa y cualitativa, de las aportaciones realizadas en el VI Congreso Internacional de la Asociación Española de Ciencias del Deporte, celebrado en Elche en octubre del 2010. Se analizan las principales aportaciones realizadas en los campos del Entrenamiento Deportivo, Fisiología del Ejercicio, Biomecánica Deportiva, Actividad Física y Salud, Control y Aprendizaje Motor, Psicología del Deporte, Didáctica de la Educación Física y del Deporte, Gestión y Recreación Deportiva. Se analiza la amplia representación de las diferentes universidades

  14. SPORTS MARKETING

    Ridvan Ekmekci

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Marketing which is entered to almost our whole life, now more than goods and services, became an important concept of ideas, persons, institutions, events, and facilities. As a main activities of business co. marketing has an important place in sports industry. Recently, the development of special sport marketing strategies and the presentation of sport goods and services to consumers are gaining importance. Efforts of increasing income of sport clubs, because of sport organization popularity, either media or sports business co. started to focus on marketing structure like other business services. Because of definition of sports usage, the term of “Sports Marketing” was used firstly by Advertising Age in 1978 as an increasing presentation tool in industrial merchandise and service marketing. Sport marketing, adapted from general marketing definitions, was defined as “ includes arrangement of all activities to meet needs and wants of sports consumers.” (Mullin, Hardy, Sutton, 2000:8-9.

  15. Sport Marketing

    Ridvan EKMEKCI; Ekmekçi, Aytul Yeter

    2009-01-01

    Abstract  Marketing which is entered to almost our whole life, now more than goods and services, became an important  concept of ideas, persons, institutions, events, and facilities. As a main activities of business co. marketing has an important place in sports industry. Recently, the development of special sport marketing strategies and the presentation of sport goods and services to consumers are gaining importance. Efforts of increasing income of sport clubs, because of sport organization...

  16. Comparison between the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and the American College of Sports Medicine/American Heart Association criteria to classify the physical activity profile in adults

    Suzana Alves de Moraes

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: the study aims to evaluate the reproducibility between the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and the American College of Sports Medicine/American Heart Association criteria to classify the physical activity profile in an adult population living in Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. METHODS: population-based cross-sectional study, including 930 adults of both genders. The reliability was evaluated by Kappa statistics, estimated according to socio-demographic strata. RESULTS: the kappa estimates showed good agreement between the two criteria in all strata. However, higher prevalence of "actives" was found by using the American College of Sports Medicine/American Heart Association. CONCLUSIONS: although the estimates have indicated good agreement, the findings suggest caution in choosing the criteria to classify physical activity profile mainly when "walking" is the main modality of physical activity.

  17. Strategic issues associated with the development of internal sustainability teams in sport and recreation organizations: A framework for action and sustainable environmental performance

    Michael E. Pfahl

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Developing environmentally related strategies is difficult as resource issues enable and constrain strategic planning. These issues affect the levels of awareness, knowledge, and actions of sport and recreation managers. The purpose of this paper is to reveal the strategic planning process developed for internal cross-functional sustainability teams to oversee environmental issues within sport and recreation organizations (i.e., the sustainability team. Analysis of the strategic construction of this team is examined using a conceptual strategic planning framework grounded in a resource based view of the organization (Hart, 1995; Wernerfelt, 1984. Key elements of the development process include selecting individuals to serve on a sustainability team, utilization of tangible and intangible organizational resources, culture, size, roles, and leadership and management issues related to governing the sustainability team.

  18. An Investigation of International Science Achievement Using the OECD's PISA 2006 Data Set

    Milford, Todd

    School Effectiveness Research (SER) is concerned with efforts to better understand the effectiveness enhancing relationship between student and school variables and how these variables primarily influence academic achievement (Scheerens, 2004). However, one identified methodological shortcoming in SER is the absence of cross-cultural perspectives (Kyriakides, 2006). This is a concern as what may prove effective in one nation does not necessarily mean that it can be easily and seamlessly imported into another with the same results. This study looked at the relationships between science self-beliefs and academic achievement in science across all nations who participated in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in 2006. It further explored the variance accounted for by cultural, social and economic capital (the elements of the PISA socioeconomic status variable) for each country in PISA 2006 when predicting scientific literacy. Lastly, it used hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) to analyze data from PISA 2006 for nations experiencing high rates of immigration (i.e., Germany, Spain, Canada, the United States, Australia and New Zealand). The outcome measures used for these countries were achievement scores in science, mathematics and reading. The variables examined at the student level were science self-efficacy, science self-concept, immigrant status and socioeconomic status. The variables examined at the school level were student level aggregates of school proportion of immigrants and school socioeconomic status. In the correlation analysis between science literacy and either science self-concept of science self-efficacy, findings suggest that at the student level, students with both higher science self-concept and higher science self-efficacy tend to achieve higher academically. However, at the country level the relationship was negative between self-concept and academic achievement in science (i.e., countries with higher science self-concept tend

  19. The E-C Translation of Vocabularies in Sports News

    何琳琳

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, many world top level sports events take place in China. The exchange in sports field between China and international society adds more significance to the E-C translation of sports news. This paper analyses the lexical features of sports news and then explains some difficulties in the translation of the words of sports news.

  20. How much is too much? (Part 2) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of illness.

    Schwellnus, Martin; Soligard, Torbjørn; Alonso, Juan-Manuel; Bahr, Roald; Clarsen, Ben; Dijkstra, H Paul; Gabbett, Tim J; Gleeson, Michael; Hägglund, Martin; Hutchinson, Mark R; Janse Van Rensburg, Christa; Meeusen, Romain; Orchard, John W; Pluim, Babette M; Raftery, Martin; Budgett, Richard; Engebretsen, Lars

    2016-09-01

    The modern-day athlete participating in elite sports is exposed to high training loads and increasingly saturated competition calendar. Emerging evidence indicates that inappropriate load management is a significant risk factor for acute illness and the overtraining syndrome. The IOC convened an expert group to review the scientific evidence for the relationship of load-including rapid changes in training and competition load, competition calendar congestion, psychological load and travel-and health outcomes in sport. This paper summarises the results linking load to risk of illness and overtraining in athletes, and provides athletes, coaches and support staff with practical guidelines for appropriate load management to reduce the risk of illness and overtraining in sport. These include guidelines for prescription of training and competition load, as well as for monitoring of training, competition and psychological load, athlete well-being and illness. In the process, urgent research priorities were identified. PMID:27535991

  1. International Student’s Academic Achievement: Contribution of Gender, Self-efficacy and Socio-cultural Adjustment

    Aqeel Khan

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available International students who pursue their education in other country have to cope various challenges related to their adjustment. Successful adjustment to higher learning institution becomes an important issue, failure to which may hinder self-efficacy and their academic achievement. Aim of current research is to investigate the influence of self-efficacy, and socio-cultural adjustment on their academic achievement among International students in Malaysia. Two hundreds International students were randomly selected from the Kuala Lumpur, Out of these 100 belongs to male and 100 belong to female category. The age range of the respondents are 17 to 27 years (Mean=20.55. Various psychological constructs were used to assess the studied variables. Correlational and regression statistical analysis were applied. Findings reveal significant positive correlation in academic achievement with socio-cultural adjustment and self-efficacy. Gender, self-efficacy and socio-cultural adjustment significantly predicts students’ academic achievement. Findings proved gender, self-efficacy and socio-cultural adjustment significantly effecting International student’s academic achievement among International students in Malaysia. Implications for International students are significant in terms of countering adjustment problems by developing self-efficacy and cultural values as a result academic achievement may improve.

  2. International target values 2010 for achievable measurement uncertainties in nuclear material accountancy

    Dias, Fabio C., E-mail: fabio@ird.gov.b [Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear (CNEN), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Almeida, Silvio G. de; Renha Junior, Geraldo, E-mail: silvio@abacc.org.b, E-mail: grenha@abacc.org.b [Agencia Brasileiro-Argentina de Contabilidade e Controle de Materiais Nucleares (ABACC), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The International Target Values (ITVs) are reasonable uncertainty estimates that can be used in judging the reliability of measurement techniques applied to industrial nuclear and fissile materials subject to accountancy and/or safeguards verification. In the absence of relevant experimental estimates, ITVs can also be used to select measurement techniques and calculate sample population during the planning phase of verification activities. It is important to note that ITVs represent estimates of the 'state-of-the-practice', which should be achievable under routine measurement conditions affecting both facility operators and safeguards inspectors, not only in the field, but also in laboratory. Tabulated values cover measurement methods used for the determination of volume or mass of the nuclear material, for its elemental and isotopic assays, and for its sampling. The 2010 edition represents the sixth revision of the International Target Values (ITVs), issued by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as a Safeguards Technical Report (STR-368). The first version was released as 'Target Values' in 1979 by the Working Group on Techniques and Standards for Destructive Analysis (WGDA) of the European Safeguards Research and Development Association (ESARDA) and focused on destructive analytical methods. In the latest 2010 revision, international standards in estimating and expressing uncertainties have been considered while maintaining a format that allows comparison with the previous editions of the ITVs. Those standards have been usually applied in QC/QA programmes, as well as qualification of methods, techniques and instruments. Representatives of the Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN) and the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC) participated in previous Consultants Group Meetings since the one convened to establish the first list of ITVs released in 1993 and in subsequent revisions

  3. Cognitive Ability, Academic Achievement and Academic Self-Concept: Extending the Internal/External Frame of Reference Model

    Chen, Ssu-Kuang; Hwang, Fang-Ming; Yeh, Yu-Chen; Lin, Sunny S. J.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Marsh's internal/external (I/E) frame of reference model depicts the relationship between achievement and self-concept in specific academic domains. Few efforts have been made to examine concurrent relationships among cognitive ability, achievement, and academic self-concept (ASC) within an I/E model framework. Aim: To simultaneously…

  4. Western Sport and Spiritualism

    Kosiewicz Jerzy

    2014-01-01

    Sport activity of achievement-oriented (professional, Olympic, spectacular character) is first of all exposition of rivalry and striving for variously understood sports success (resulting from measurable or discretionary criteria). It refers to winning a competition or taking another expected place as well as to other forms of satisfaction, such as financial gratification or social (political, ethnic, professional) recognition. Spirituality is here neither an aim, nor an expected value - it c...

  5. HYDROSOLUBLE VITAMINS AND SPORT

    Vladmila Bojanić; Jelena Radović; Zoran Bojanić; Marko Lazović

    2011-01-01

    Vitamins are organic substances needed for normal cell functioning in the human body, and therefore human health. People who train sports require an optimal psychophysical performance in order to achieve the best sports results. Athletes’ needs for vitamins may be higher than in general population, also they are taking vitamin supplements more often than other people. Thus, it is very important for them to be familiar with the vitamins’ roles and recommended intake levels.Hydrosoluble vitamin...

  6. Sports Injuries

    ... sometimes you can injure yourself when you play sports or exercise. Accidents, poor training practices, or improper ... can also lead to injuries. The most common sports injuries are Sprains and strains Knee injuries Swollen ...

  7. Sports Safety

    Playing sports can be fun, but it can also be dangerous if you are not careful. You can help ... you are healthy before you start playing your sport Wearing the right shoes, gear, and equipment Drinking ...

  8. Achieving consensus for clinical trials: the REiNS International Collaboration.

    Plotkin, Scott R; Blakeley, Jaishri O; Dombi, Eva; Fisher, Michael J; Hanemann, C Oliver; Walsh, Karin S; Wolters, Pamela L; Widemann, Brigitte C

    2013-11-19

    The neurofibromatoses (NF)--including neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1), neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2), and schwannomatosis--are related tumor-suppressor syndromes characterized by a predisposition to multiple tumor types and other disease manifestations, which often result in functional disability, reduced quality of life, pain, and, in some cases, malignancy. With increasing knowledge of the biology and pathogenesis of NF, clinical trials with targeted agents directed at NF tumors have become available. Most clinical trials for patients with NF have used designs and endpoints similar to oncology trials. However, differences in the disease manifestations and natural history of NF (compared to cancers) require the development of new designs and endpoints to perform meaningful NF clinical trials. The Response Evaluation in Neurofibromatosis and Schwannomatosis (REiNS) International Collaboration was established in 2011 at the Children's Tumor Foundation meeting to achieve consensus within the NF community about the design of future clinical trials, with a specific emphasis on endpoints. The REiNS Collaboration includes 7 working groups that focus on imaging of tumor response; functional, visual, patient-reported, and neurocognitive outcomes; whole-body MRI; and disease biomarkers. This supplement includes the first series of recommendations by the REiNS Collaboration. The hope is that these recommendations will be used by members of the group and by researchers outside of the REiNS International Collaboration to standardize the measurement of outcomes and thus improve clinical trials for patients with NF. Ultimately, we plan to engage industry partners and national regulatory agencies in this process to facilitate the approval of drugs for patients with NF. PMID:24249801

  9. Sports Tourism

    Gozalova Marina; Shchikanov Alexey; Vernigor Aleksandr; Bagdasarian Vardan

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. This article is devoted to sports tourism. The purpose of this article is to examine theoretical material on sports tourism, to analyze sports tourism in Russia and to search for promising areas for the study of sports tourism in our country. Material and methods. In this part the authors develop the idea of the role of doing sports and keeping fit. For anyone who really wants to be healthy, fitness has become an integral part of their lives. Results. The purpose of this researc...

  10. A sport scene images segmentation method based on edge detection algorithm

    Chen, Biqing

    2011-12-01

    This paper proposes a simple, fast sports scene image segmentation method; a lot of work so far has been looking for a way to reduce the different shades of emotions in smooth area. A novel method of pretreatment, proposed the elimination of different shades feelings. Internal filling mechanism is used to change the pixels enclosed by the interest as interest pixels. For some test has achieved harvest sports scene images has been confirmed.

  11. Achievement of the charge exchange work diminishing of an internal combustion engine in part load

    Stefan POSTRZEDNIK

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Internal combustion engines, used for driving of different cars, occurs not only at full load, but mostly at the part load. The relative load exchange work at the full (nominal engine load is significantly low. At the part load of the IC engine its energy efficiency ηe is significantly lower than in the optimal (nominal field range of the performance parameters. One of the numerous reasons of this effect is regular growing of the relative load exchange work of the IC engine. It is directly connected with the quantitative regulation method commonly used in the IC engines. From the thermodynamic point of view - the main reason of this effect is the throttling process (causing exergy losses occurring in the inlet and outlet channels. The known proposals for solving of this problem are based on applying of the fully electronic control of the motion of inlet, outlet valves and new reference cycles.The idea presented in the paper leads to diminishing the charge exchange work of the IC engines. The problem can be solved using presented in the paper a new concept of the reference cycle (called as eco-cycle of IC engine. The work of the engine basing on the eco-cycle occurs in two 3-stroke stages; the fresh air is delivered only once for both stages, but in range of each stage a new portion of fuel is burned. Normally the charge exchange occurs once during each engine cycle realized. Elaborated proposition bases on the elimination of chosen charge exchange processes and through this the dropping of the charge exchange work can be achieved.

  12. The relationship between participation in sport and academic achievement in grade 10 and 11 learners in the Dr Kenneth Kaunda District / F.M. Dipale

    Dipale, Floyd Modikwe

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to determine whether adolescents who participate in sport perform better academically in comparison to their non–participating counterparts. An availability sample of 210 learners between 14 and 24 years from a secondary school in the Dr Kenneth Kaunda District took part in this research. The participants were assessed by a Biographical Questionnaire adapted from Mpshe (1996); an adapted version of The Physical Activity Index of Sharkey (1979); ...

  13. Femininity, Childhood and the Non-Making of a Sporting Celebrity: The Beth Tweddle Case

    Cohen, R. L.

    2013-01-01

    Gymnastics is regularly classified as a feminine-appropriate sport, embodying grace and elegance. Furthermore, it is the Olympic sport which has regularly produced female sporting celebrities. Beth Tweddle is the most successful British gymnast of all time and the first to achieve international success, culminating in a medal at London 2012, yet she has received relatively little media coverage and few corporate endorsements. Employing a ‘negative case’ methodology, this athlete’s relat...

  14. 论新中国体育的开创和成就——贺龙与中国体育%Discussion on Initiation and Achievement of New China Sports —HE Long and China Sports

    郑朝沙; 刘亚

    2011-01-01

    文章介绍了新中国第一任体委主任贺龙,与体育的渊源和开创新中国体育事业做出的重大贡献。贺龙同志为新中国体育事业招募和培养了大批人才,同时大量修建体育场所还成立了多所体育学院为中国的体育事业奠定物质基础和储备体育人才,并且创刊《体育报》宣传新中国体育事迹,加强体育学术交流。通过"劳卫制"提高全民素质;加强新中国竞技人才的培养和队伍建设;不畏艰难,坚持支持登山运动。在短短的14年时间里,奠定了中国体育事业的基础。%HE Long,the first director of MPCSC of New China,makes great contributions to the initiation of New China sports.He recruited and trained large quantities of sports talents.A lot of stadiums were build and many colleges of physical education were founded

  15. Dietary supplements in sport.

    Burke, L M; Read, R S

    1993-01-01

    Studies of the dietary practices of athletes report that nutritional supplements are commonly used. Supplementation practices vary between sports and individual athletes; however, there is evidence that at least some athletes use a large number of supplements concurrently, often in doses that are very high in comparison with normal dietary intakes. In exploring supplementation practices we propose a classification system separating the supplements into dietary supplements and nutritional erogogenic aids. The dietary supplement is characterised as a product which can be used to address physiological or nutritional issues arising in sport. It may provide a convenient or practical means of consuming special nutrient requirements for exercise, or it may be used to prevent/reverse nutritional deficiencies that commonly occur among athletes. The basis of the dietary supplement is an understanding of nutritional requirements and physiological effects of exercise. When the supplement is used to successfully meet a physiological/nutritional goal arising in sport it may be demonstrated to improve sports performance. While there is some interest in refining the composition or formulation of some dietary supplements, the real interest belongs to the use or application of the supplement; i.e. educating athletes to understand and achieve their nutritional needs in a specific sports situation. The sports drink (carbohydrate-electrolyte replacement drink) is a well known example of a dietary supplement. Scientific attitudes towards the sports drink have changed over the past 20 years. Initial caution that carbohydrate-electrolyte fluids compromise gastric emptying during exercise has now been shown to be unjustified. Numerous studies have shown that 5 to 10% solutions of glucose, glucose polymers (maltodextrins) and other simple sugars all have suitable gastric emptying characteristics for the delivery of fluid and moderate amounts of carbohydrate substrate. The optimal

  16. Komplexer Sport

    Heuss, Sabina

    2008-01-01

    Systemtheoretische Untersuchung über den Grad der Interdependenz oder Interpenetration des Sport- und Mediensystems in Deutschland, Italien und der Schweiz basierend auf zahlreichen Tiefeninterviews in den drei Untersuchungsländern. Die Dissertation enthält einen systematisch gegliederten Katalog der gegenseitigen Einflussmöglichkeiten der Systeme Sport und Medien. Die Untersuchung gliedert den Sport in Breiten-, Leistungs- und Mediensport und fügt die neue Bezeichnung Profitsport für den Spo...

  17. Ethics in Sport: Socio-Political Point of View

    Robert C. S CHNEIDER

    2015-01-01

    Sport is a natural medium for bringing together people of different backgrounds throughout the world. If grounded in ethics and if participants follow the rules and cooperate, sport can be a conduit for world harmony (Sport great for human bonding, 2010).A s international relationships are developed through sport, those relationships can help support larger global endeavors in pursuit of a better world. If international sport based relation...

  18. International Comparisons of Student Achievement as Indicators for Educational Policy in Slovenia

    Straus, Mojca

    2005-01-01

    At the time of the development of the new curriculum in Slovenia, international comparative data providing information on the performance of Slovene students as compared to other relevant countries were available from a limited number of assessments. For this reason, it was even more important that additional international comparisons were…

  19. An International Comparison Investigating the Relationship between National Culture and Student Achievement

    Fang, Zheng; Grant, Leslie W.; Xu, Xianxuan; Stronge, James H.; Ward, Thomas J.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the connections between national culture and student achievement. Using Hofstede's six cultural dimensions and the two dimensions from the World Values survey, we conducted multiple regressions to determine the most significant predictors of student achievement as measured by the 2009 Program for…

  20. Motivation and motoric tests in sports

    Karaba-Jakovljević Dea; Popadić-Gaćeša Jelena; Grujić Nikola; Barak Otto; Drapšin Miodrag

    2007-01-01

    Motivation in sport performance has been an interesting topic for many investigators during the past decade. This area can be considered from different viewpoints: motivation for participation in sport activity, achievement motivation, competitiveness etc. Motivation plays an important role in all out tests, as well as in sport activities and at all levels of competition. Motivation climate, or positive social environment may influence and modulate motivation of individuals involved in sports...

  1. An international validation study of two achievement goal measures in a pharmacy education context

    Alrakaf S

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Saleh Alrakaf,1 Ahmed Abdelmageed,2 Mary Kiersma,2 Sion A Coulman,3 Dai N John,3 June Tordoff,4 Claire Anderson,5 Ayman Noreddin,6 Erica Sainsbury,1 Grenville Rose,7 Lorraine Smith11Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; 2Faculty of Pharmacy, Manchester University, Fort Wayne, IN, USA; 3School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK; 4School of Pharmacy, University of Otago, Dunedin, NZ; 5School of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK; 6School of Pharmacy, Hampton University, Hampton, VA, USA; 7Aftercare, Sydney, NSW, AustraliaBackground: Achievement goal theory helps us understand what motivates students to participate in educational activities. However, measuring achievement goals in a precise manner is problematic. Elliot and McGregor's Achievement Goal Questionnaire (AGQ and Elliot and Murayama's revised Achievement Goal Questionnaire (AGQ-R are widely used to assess students' achievement goals. Both instruments were developed and validated using undergraduate psychology students in the USA.Methods: In this study, our aims were to first of all, assess the construct validity of both questionnaires using a cohort of Australian pharmacy students and, subsequently, to test the generalizability and replicability of these tools more widely in schools of pharmacy in other English-speaking countries. The AGQ and the AGQ-R were administered during tutorial class time. Confirmatory factor analysis procedures, using AMOS 19 software, were performed to determine model fit.Results: In contrast to the scale developers' findings, confirmatory factor analysis supported a superior model fit for the AGQ compared with the AGQ-R, in all countries under study.Conclusion: Validating measures of achievement goal motivation for use in pharmacy education is necessary and has implications for future research. Based on these results, the AGQ will be used to conduct future cross-sectional and

  2. 75 FR 70074 - Consensus Standards, Light-Sport Aircraft

    2010-11-16

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Consensus Standards, Light-Sport Aircraft AGENCY: Federal Aviation... provisions of the Sport Pilot and Light-Sport Aircraft rule issued July 16, 2004, and effective September 1, 2004. ASTM International Committee F37 on Light Sport Aircraft developed the revised standards...

  3. 海南国际旅游岛背景下社会体育公共服务的内容构建%Construction of Social Sports Public Service Content Under the Background of Hainan International Tourism Island

    任雅琴; 张雅玲

    2014-01-01

    基于国际旅游岛背景,对海南社会体育公共服务内容构建进行了探讨。主要构建生态休闲体育旅游服务、保护地方特色传统体育服务和“候鸟”老人社会体育公共服务体系。社会体育公共服务的构建能有利地推进海南国际旅游岛的建设,丰富全民多元化的体育锻炼方式,提高海南人民生活的幸福指数。%Based on the background of Hainan international tourism island, the construction of social sports public services was discussed, which included the construction of eco-sports tourism and leisure services, services to protect local character⁃istics of traditional sports, and"birds"social sports public services for the elderly. Construction of social sports public ser⁃vice content can effectively promote the construction of Hainan international tourism island, enrich the diversity of physical exercise , and improve people's happiness index in Hainan.

  4. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PEDIATRIC SPORTS INJURIES: INDIVIDUAL SPORTS

    Dennis J. Caine

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the book is to review comprehensively what is known about the distribution and determinants of injury rates in a variety of individual sports, and to suggest injury prevention measures and guidelines for further research. This book provides comprehensive compilation and critical analysis of epidemiological data over children's individual sports: including equestrian, gymnastics, martial arts, skiing and snowboarding, tennis, track and field, and wrestling. This book encourages coaches and sports administrators to discuss rules, equipment standards, techniques, and athlete conditioning programs. In turn, they can inform parents about the risks and how they can help their children avoid or limit injury in sports. A common, uniform strategy and evidence-based approach to organizing and interpreting the literature is used in all chapters. All the sports-specific chapters are laid out with the same basic headings, so that it is easy for the reader to find common information across chapters. Chapter headings are: 1 Epidemiology of children's individual sports injuries, 2 Equestrian injuries, 2 Gymnastics injuries, 3 Martial arts injuries, 4 Skiing and snowboard injuries, 5 Tennis injuries, 6 Track and field injuries, 7 Wrestling injuries, 8 Injury prevention and future research. Chapter headings include: i Incidence of injury, ii Injury characteristics, iii Injury severity, iv njury risk factors, v Suggestions for injury prevention, vi Suggestions for further research. In each sports-specific chapter, an epidemiological picture has been systematically developed from the data available in prospective cohort, retrospective cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies. The tables are numerous, helpful and very useful. The book provides a very useful resource for sport scientist, pediatricians, family practitioners and healthcare professionals in the field of child and adolescent injury and prevention The readers are going to

  5. How Do the Internal Variables of the Sport Konsumer Affect the Marketing of ports Events; Case Study Triathlon in the UK

    Ian Arnott

    2009-01-01

    Triathlons and their events are in a new era in the consumption of sport. Because of this increased funding more professionals are needed to understand what attracts sports consumers to what is seen as a gruelling but enjoyable multi sports event.  For affective marketing and event management, practioners need to understand more and more what decisions are made when the sports consumer makes a choice for a particular sports event.This study is focused at the National Governing Body for the sp...

  6. Rankings of International Achievement Test Performance and Economic Strength: Correlation or Conjecture?

    CHRISTOPHER H. TIENKEN

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Examining a popular political notion, this article presents results from a series of Spearman Rho calculations conducted to investigate relationships between countries’ rankings on international tests of mathematics and science and future economic competitiveness as measured by the 2006 World Economic Forum’s Growth Competitiveness Index (GCI. The study investigated the existence of relationships between international test rankings from three different time periods during the last 50 years of U.S. education policy development (i.e., 1957–1982, 1983–2000, and 2001–2006 and 2006 GCI ranks. It extends previous research on the topic by investigating how GCI rankings in the top 50 percent and bottom 50 percent relate to rankings on international tests for the countries that participated in each test. The study found that the relationship between ranks on international tests of mathematics and science and future economic strength is stronger among nations with lower-performing economies. Nations with strong economies, such as the United States, demonstrate a weaker, nonsignificant relationship.

  7. Rankings of International Achievement Test Performance and Economic Strength: Correlation or Conjecture?

    Tienken, Christopher H.

    2008-01-01

    Examining a popular political notion, this article presents results from a series of Spearman Rho calculations conducted to investigate relationships between countries' rankings on international tests of mathematics and science and future economic competitiveness as measured by the 2006 World Economic Forum's Growth Competitiveness Index (GCI).…

  8. International Benchmarking and Determinants of Mathematics Achievement in Two Indian States

    Wu, Kin Bing; Goldschmidt, Pete; Boscardin, Christy Kim; Sankar, Deepa

    2009-01-01

    Evidence from cross-country studies suggests that the sustainability of India's rapid economic growth will be conditioned by the quality of its education. This paper analyzed a 2005 World Bank-sponsored survey of Grade Nine students in the states of Rajasthan and Orissa. The survey used internationally comparable items from the 1999 Trends of…

  9. Nuclear Safety at the Ignalina NPP. Achievements and challenges. Proceedings of the international conference

    The International Conference was held on 8-9 April, 1999 in Vilnius. The aim of this conference - to offers specialists an excellent chance to get acquainted with Lithuania's experience and the work it has done in the area of nuclear safety. Also this conference will help to depoliticize the discussion of nuclear power plants

  10. Indigenous Population Mobilities and School Achievement: International Educational Research Itineraries, Issues and Implications

    Danaher, P. A.

    2012-01-01

    This paper situates the articles in this special theme issue of the "International Journal of Educational Research" within the broader global literature regarding the educational experiences and opportunities of mobile communities. The paper distils those articles' contributions to extending current understandings about the specific "itineraries"…

  11. Achieving Cultural Competency: Assessment of US-Based Counselor Educators Instructing Internationally

    Malott, Krista M.

    2008-01-01

    This article presents the outcomes of a qualitative investigation addressing the global exchange of counselor education. Findings delineate key traits and behaviors applied by counselor educators and counseling psychologists in cross-cultural exchanges. Personal traits noted by educators as essential for international exchanges included…

  12. International note: The relationship between achievement goals and academic-related boredom.

    Liu, Yangyang

    2015-06-01

    In a sample of 520 Chinese high school students, the present study aimed to replicate the prior Western findings about the relationship between achievement goals and academic boredom. Our findings indicated that mastery-approach goals and performance-avoidance goals predicted academic boredom, but mastery-avoidance goals and performance-approach goals did not. PMID:25828547

  13. Language Ideologies and Literacy Achievement: Six Multilingual Countries and Two International Assessments

    Arya, Diana J.; McClung, Nicola A.; Katznelson, Noah; Scott, Lyn

    2016-01-01

    Social psychologists have suggested that language-based ideologies related to "stereotype threat" (i.e. variations in performance-based on ability perceptions of language groups) may affect students' academic achievement regardless of school language support. However, it is unclear whether efforts to support students' first language…

  14. The aims and achievements of the international project in the field of food irradiation

    By the end of the 1960's a large number of food items were being considered for irradiation treatment. Because of the potential importance of the process, the cost of biological tests and the danger of unnecessary duplication, international collaboration became desirable. The International Food Irradiation Project (IFIP) was established in 1970. Membership at the present time numbers 25 countries. Objectives of the Project: The basic function has been to facilitate the objective evaluation of the wholesomeness of irradiated foodstuffs. It is not concerned with promoting the use of the process or with assessing or improving its economical feasibility. (a) Wholesomeness Testing: Studies were initiated on irradiated potatoes, wheat and wheat products. Additional foodstuffs were chosen on the basis of certain factors. Products chosen included fish, rice, spices, mangoes, dates and onions. In none of these studies was any significant effect observed which could be attributed to the feeding of irradiated food. (b) Methology Research: IFIP has devoted considerable attention to reviewing and up-dating its testing procedures. A continuous study of the scientific literature and the publications of regulatory bodies has been linked with practical research work in IFIP's laboratory and consultation with many experts in toxicology. (c) Information Activities: The results of scientific investigations sponsored by IFIP, as well as information of more general interest, are published. (d) Assistance to National and International Authorities: IFIP does not judge the acceptability of irradiated foods. However, when requested by regulatory bodies responsible for such decisions, IFIP is willing to provide information and advice

  15. Utilizing intentional internal resonance to achieve multi-harmonic atomic force microscopy.

    Jeong, Bongwon; Pettit, Chris; Dharmasena, Sajith; Keum, Hohyun; Lee, Joohyung; Kim, Jungkyu; Kim, Seok; McFarland, D Michael; Bergman, Lawrence A; Vakakis, Alexander F; Cho, Hanna

    2016-03-29

    During dynamic atomic force microscopy (AFM), the deflection of a scanning cantilever generates multiple frequency terms due to the nonlinear nature of AFM tip-sample interactions. Even though each frequency term is reasonably expected to encode information about the sample, only the fundamental frequency term is typically decoded to provide topographic mapping of the measured surface. One of main reasons for discarding higher harmonic signals is their low signal-to-noise ratio. Here, we introduce a new design concept for multi-harmonic AFM, exploiting intentional nonlinear internal resonance for the enhancement of higher harmonics. The nonlinear internal resonance, triggered by the non-smooth tip-sample dynamic interactions, results in nonlinear energy transfers from the directly excited fundamental bending mode to the higher-frequency mode and, hence, enhancement of the higher harmonic of the measured response. It is verified through detailed theoretical and experimental study that this AFM design can robustly incorporate the required internal resonance and enable high-frequency AFM measurements. Measurements on an inhomogeneous polymer specimen demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed design, namely that the higher harmonic of the measured response is capable of enhanced simultaneous topography imaging and compositional mapping, exhibiting less crosstalk with an abrupt height change. PMID:26883303

  16. Language ideologies and literacy achievement: six multilingual countries and two international assessments

    Arya, DJ; McClung, NA; Katznelson, N; Scott, L.

    2016-01-01

    © 2015 Taylor & Francis Social psychologists have suggested that language-based ideologies related to ‘stereotype threat’ (i.e. variations in performance-based on ability perceptions of language groups) may affect students' academic achievement regardless of school language support. However, it is unclear whether efforts to support students' first language development, particularly for large populations of students whose primary language is not the dominant language, is sufficient for ‘levell...

  17. The application of international environmental law for the achievement of environmentally sustainable tourism

    Williams, Angela

    2005-01-01

    This thesis analyses the relationship between tourism and the natural environment and explores ways in which the imbalance between the two may be redressed, with a view to achieving environmentally sustainable tourism. This involves a critical examination of the legal framework currently in place, so as to ascertain the relative effectiveness of presentday structures and organisations. First, both the tourism industry and the natural environment - as conceptual elements - are explored, includ...

  18. Western Sport and Spiritualism

    Kosiewicz Jerzy

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Sport activity of achievement-oriented (professional, Olympic, spectacular character is first of all exposition of rivalry and striving for variously understood sports success (resulting from measurable or discretionary criteria. It refers to winning a competition or taking another expected place as well as to other forms of satisfaction, such as financial gratification or social (political, ethnic, professional recognition. Spirituality is here neither an aim, nor an expected value - it constitutes rather an additional or redundant quality. A competitor focuses his/her attention first of all on the main aim assumed in planned or current rivalry. Emotional sensations which are experienced by athletes before, during or after competitions testify to mental and emotional stress which accompanies sports combat.

  19. 国际体育组织自治问题审视--以奥林匹克善治改革为背景%Autonomy of International Sports Organization:Under the Background of Olympic Good-Governance Reform

    黄璐

    2016-01-01

    consequences of bad governance. As a way of internal decision-making and inter⁃est-negotiating, good governance is the best mechanism for internally controlling the autonomy and organizing efficient operations inside the international sports organization. In-depth interpretation of the contents and the environmental background for supporting the autonomy proposed in the 28th Article of Olympic Agenda 2020, discussion about the relationship between the organizational autonomy and the good-governance reform as well as the close connection between the autonomy and the organizational efficiency shall be convenient for the faster and better responses to the problems faced by the organization and the stakeholders. The reform agenda with regard to the good governance and autonomy defined at the Olympic Agenda 2020 shall be conducted from three per⁃spectives, including the standards of good governance, autonomy and transparency, and possesses certain quality policy standard and reform foresight. Howev⁃er, the policy design for the reform of Olympic good governance is restricted, and the policy-implementing practice is confronted with many difficulties, and a series of problems exist in the internal control mechanism of the Olympic movement, for which the future of good-governance reform is unknown. It is not on⁃ly a naturally successful process of political identification, but also a continuous process of cooperation and enhancement in political inter-trust among power bodies, from the achievement of good governance in the internal organization-control to the seeking of political identification and autonomy. The International Olympic Committee shall be committed to reform and practice of the good governance, instead of seeking political autonomy.

  20. Dealing with Sports Injuries

    ... TOPIC Sports Physicals Safety Tips: Basketball Safety Tips: Running Knee Injuries Sports and Exercise Safety Safety Tips: Soccer Physical Therapy Sports Center Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) ...

  1. Sports physical

    ... Dains JE, Flynn JA, Solomon BS, Stewart RW. Sports participation evaluation. In: Ball JW, Dains JE, Flynn ... professor of pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also ...

  2. Sport Psychology.

    Krotee, March L.

    1980-01-01

    Sport psychology is defined in terms of human behavior in athletic situations. The psychosocial cross-cultural setting provides a model for studying trait and state psychosocial attributes and suggests issues and concerns for further study. (JMF)

  3. Sports Injuries

    ... most common sports injuries are Sprains and strains Knee injuries Swollen muscles Achilles tendon injuries Pain along the shin bone Rotator cuff injuries Fractures Dislocations If you get hurt, stop playing. Continuing ...

  4. In Pursuit of Excellence: A Student Guide to Elite Sports Development

    Michael Hill

    2007-01-01

    DESCRIPTION This book is about how it is possible to achieve the excellence in sport in modern times. PURPOSE To cover the past of competitive sport of today as well as discussing current issues in sport such as drugs. The comparison of elite sporting methods in leading sport countries is also included. AUDIENCE Students in the field and anybody interested in modern sports especially in the history of it. FEATURES A comprehensive introduction about the pursuit of excellence in sport, covering...

  5. Achievement of the charge exchange work diminishing of an internal combustion engine in part load

    Stefan POSTRZEDNIK; Zbigniew ŻMUDKA

    2012-01-01

    Internal combustion engines, used for driving of different cars, occurs not only at full load, but mostly at the part load. The relative load exchange work at the full (nominal) engine load is significantly low. At the part load of the IC engine its energy efficiency ηe is significantly lower than in the optimal (nominal field) range of the performance parameters. One of the numerous reasons of this effect is regular growing of the relative load exchange work of the IC engine. It is directly ...

  6. Achieving compliance in international anti-doping policy: An analysis of the 2009 World Anti-Doping Code

    Houlihan, Barrie

    2013-01-01

    Despite the rapid acceptance by sports organisations of the World Anti-Doping Code and ratification by governments of the UNESCO Convention Against Doping in Sport there remains a concern that formal implementation disguises shallow compliance or depth of commitment. The paper distinguishes between adherence, implementation and compliance and examines the ways in which compliance has been measured by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and UNESCO. The aims of the paper are to evaluate the eff...

  7. Sport labor migration, globalization and dual-career : case study of international student-athletes in University of Colorado at Boulder

    Nurmi, Veera

    2014-01-01

    Sport, education, labor migration and globalization are all current areas of research worldwide. The U.S. has a unique system of making the dual-career option possible by having the college sport league organized by the non-profit association National Collegiate Athletic Association. The labor migration has increased in the past years. The primary research question in this study is, in which ways sport labor migration, globalization and dual-career are illustrated in the case study school ...

  8. IMPORTANCE OF THEORETICAL AND SCIENTIFIC PREPARATION IN COMBAT SPORTS TRAINING

    Paul Iacobini

    2013-01-01

    Theoretical training is an important factor in terms of sports development of scientific research, specific to combat sports for achieving specific performance objectives set. Theoretical knowledge is theoretical science which the trainer teaches the lesson of training for understanding and integrating sporting content in sporting life. Thought the theoretical preparation, the athlete acknowledges the educational value of sports training. Theoretical preparation includes a rich content issues...

  9. Frech experience in achieving nuclear power self-reliance and possible benefits for international cooperation

    The success of France's nuclear power program can be attributed to two main factor. Firstly, the necessity for France to increase its energy independence. Nuclear energy was the only viable choice, but French industry had to master all the phases of such a program. Secondly, a will to pursue the objectives set, which has remained steadfast for over 20 years. Today, two-thirds of French electricity comes from unclear power, and the French program is continuing its regular progression. Several times already, in particular in this pacific basin region, French industry has cooperated in nuclear power projects abroad. It is convinced that even greater international cooperation can only be beneficial for all, and is ready , for its part, to bring to bear on this effort all of its experience and resources. (author)

  10. Contribution of international cooperation in achieving the Romanian nuclear power objectives

    The international cooperation implied by the Romanian nuclear power program has on the short term the goal of supporting the Romanian effort of obtaining new nuclear fuels, improving the radioactive waste management, developing the technology and software transfer, training of Romanian researchers and participations in international projects. On long term the international cooperation is aiming at rising the scientific standards and the degree of global integration of Romanian research and technology. This policy is supported also by the agreements convened with different international organizations as for instance 'The Agreement for Nuclear Safety' or 'Common agreement for safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste'. The INR at Pitesti and CITON - Bucharest are involved in works for cooperation technical projects supported by IAEA Vienna aiming at the nuclear safe and safeguard and power programs. At present underway are research contracts concerning the CANDU pressure tube, the corrosion in the primary cooling circuit of the CANDU reactors, as well as, the behavior under irradiation and intermediate disposal of oxide fuels. In the frame of IAEA assisted technical programs the TRIGA reactor of INR Pitesti is transferred from HEU to LEU fuels, new technologies for using recovered uranium and slightly enriched uranium fuels are developed, as well as a data acquisition system with advanced on-line characteristics. The cooperation between INR Pitesti and AECL Canada comprised in the frame of the 1998 agreement is oriented towards three fields of common interest: nuclear safety, nuclear fuel and management of in-service life of NPPs. Already transferred were computer codes from AECL devoted to accident analysis (WIMS, CATHENA and ELOCA) which were implemented and reproduced accurately all the test cases provided by AECL. For installing these codes specialists from our institute participated in training courses, on-the-job training, as well as, in validation

  11. Sport for All Frail Bodies

    Jespersen Ejgil

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Sport for All is a universal Olympic idea adopted by supranational institutions such as the Council of Europe, UNESCO, and the UN. Measures that need to be taken to ensure that all people have an equal opportunity to be included in sport are analyzed and discussed based upon a survey of sports and exercise participation in Denmark with a special focus upon people with impairments. The prevailing point of view is a special needs approach to sports participation, whether it is oriented towards separate or integrated forms of organization. It is often unclear whether this approach is aiming for equality of outcome, equality of chance or just a minimum threshold for sports and exercise activity. However, if we adopt a universal approach to Sport for all, then the focus is not on differences among people, but upon the commonalities among human beings in light of their diversity. This approach is associated with the understanding of “universal design” in the UN‟s Convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the WHO‟s International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. In conclusion, it is highlighted that a more inclusive Sport for All movement is preferable to a segregated or integrated disability sport, provided the persons concerned have a say in every case.

  12. Contemporary Research in Sports Economics

    This volume comprises scientific contributions in the context of the 5th annual conference of the European Association of Sports Economics (ESEA), which took place in September 2013 in Esbjerg, Denmark. It contains five articles on UEFA’s financial fair play regulation in European football, written...... by internationally renowned sports economists like Stefan Szymanski, Joel Maxcy and Sean Hamil. Moreover, a further three chapters deal with football topics like the dismissal of coaches or competitive balance. Furthermore, the economics of sports events – the Olympics as well as local events – are...

  13. Facial Sports Injuries

    ... Calendar Find an ENT Doctor Near You Facial Sports Injuries Facial Sports Injuries Patient Health Information News media ... should receive immediate medical attention. Prevention Of Facial Sports Injuries The best way to treat facial sports injuries ...

  14. Motivation, Self-Regulated Learning Efficacy, and Academic Achievement among International and Domestic Students at an Urban Community College: A Comparison

    Liao, Hsiang-Ann; Ferdenzi, Anita Cuttita; Edlin, Margot

    2012-01-01

    This study is designed to examine how intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and self-regulated learning efficacy influence academic achievement of international and domestic community college students. Results show that for both international and domestic students, motivation did not directly affect academic achievement. Self-regulated…

  15. The Reciprocal Internal/External Frame of Reference Model: An Integration of Models of Relations between Academic Achievement and Self-Concept

    Moller, Jens; Retelsdorf, Jan; Koller, Olaf; Marsh, Herb W.

    2011-01-01

    The reciprocal internal/external frame of reference model (RI/EM) combines the internal/external frame of reference model and the reciprocal effects model. The RI/EM predicts positive effects of mathematics and verbal achievement and academic self-concepts (ASC) on subsequent mathematics and verbal achievements and ASCs within domains and negative…

  16. Internationalisation of the Sport Management Curriculum : academic and student reflections

    Haan, de Donna; Sherry, Emma

    2012-01-01

    Internationalisation of the sport industry has resulted in a demand for integration of international perspectives into the sport management higher education curriculum, to produce graduates capable of working within this rapidly developing global industry. Internationalisation of the curriculum can

  17. Sport&EU Workshop: The EU and the Governance of Sport, Policy and Perspectives. University of Chester, 6-7 July 2007

    García, Borja

    2007-01-01

    The Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences and the Chester Centre for Research into Sport and Society at the University of Chester hosted the second annual workshop of the Association for the Study of Sport and the European Union (Sport&EU) entitled ‘The EU and the governance of sport: policy and perspectives’. The event was organised and sponsored jointly by the Centre for the Study of International Governance (CSIG) at Loughborough University, Sport&EU and the University of Chest...

  18. Meta-organization design applied to international sport organizations : the case of World Anti-Doping Agency

    Malcourant, Emilie; Vas, Alain; Zintz, Thierry

    2012-01-01

    The concept of meta-organization has attracted great interest from research perspectives since 2005. It is seen as a way to reflect the current organizational reality characterized by associations of independent organizations working together to achieve a common goal. Meta-organization allows understanding globalization and internationalization of our world. However, little has been done on meta-organization. Its understanding remains still poorly developed. This paper focuses on an internati...

  19. Teaching Games for Understanding Conference Supplement from the German Sport University

    Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016

    2016-01-01

    By bringing together the national German sports game community and an international scientific community in a joint conference, the 6th International Teaching Games for Understanding Conference (TGfU) Meets the 10th German Sports Games Symposium of the German Association of Sport Science (DVS), held July 25-27, 2016, at the German Sport University…

  20. Enhancing performance and reducing stress in sports technological advances

    Ivancevic, Tijana; Greenberg, Ronald

    2015-01-01

    This book is designed to help athletes and individuals interested in high sports performance in their journey towards the perfection of human sports abilities and achievements. It has two main goals: accelerating the acquisition of motor skills and preparing and vigilantly reducing the recovery time after training and competition. The Diamond Sports Protocol (DSP) presents state-of-the-art techniques for current sport and health technologies, particularly neuromuscular electrical stimulation (Sports Wave), oxygen infusion (Oxy Sports), infrared (Sports Infrared Dome) and lactic acid cleaning (Turbo Sports). The book suggest DSP as an essential part of every future athlete's training, competition and health maintenance. The book is for everyone interested in superior sports performance, fast and effective rehabilitation from training and competition and sports injury prevention.

  1. The prevention of violence in sport

    Comeron, Manuel

    2003-01-01

    The beginning of this century has seen a shift in the type of violence associated with sports events, in particular football. Once contained by football grounds and generally one-off and spontaneous in nature, sports violence has moved to urban areas and city centres. Contemporary society is now confronted with sports violence which is often premeditated, and commonly involves hard-core supporters who seek systematic and organised confrontation at local, national and international matches and...

  2. Conceptual principles of fencing development in children’s sports schools in Ukraine

    Driukov O.V.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to work out conceptual principles for successful and dynamic development of fencing in children’s sports schools in Ukraine. Material: the researches were conducted on material of children’s sports school Dynamo in Kiev. In this work we used SWOT analysis - method of strategic planning, which implies determination of external and internal factors of organization and their dividing into four categories: strengths (strong sides, weaknesses (weak sides, opportunities and threats. For determination of experts’ opinion concordance in SWOT analysis we used concordance coefficient. Results: we worked out conception of fencing development in children’s sports schools in Ukraine in modern conditions. The specificity of this conception implies determination of strategic approaches to further fencing progressing in children’s sports schools in Ukraine. The conception can serve as bench mark for development and realization of program documents in sphere of fencing progressing or its different branches. Conclusions: we have worked out conception of fencing progressing in children’s sports schools in Ukraine, which is based on achievements and traditions of fencing in Ukraine and in the world. Its development is based on systemic analysis of internal and external factors, which influence on development of fencing in sports schools and on choice of its progressing strategy in new social economical conditions.

  3. Sport Management Internships: Agency Perspectives, Expectations, and Concerns

    Williams, Jo

    2004-01-01

    Should we hire a sport management intern in our organization or department? What role will the intern play? How will we benefit? What can we expect from sport management interns in terms of preparation and commitment? How easy is it to find, select, and work with an appropriately prepared intern? Professionals ask all of these questions when they…

  4. Communist sports

    Švácha, Rostislav

    Prague: Prostor - architektura, interiér, design, 2012 - (Švácha, R.), s. 186-199 ISBN 978-80-87064-09-2 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : architecture * sport * state control Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  5. Aristocratic sports

    Švácha, Rostislav

    Prague: Prostor - architektura, interiér, design, 2012 - (Švácha, R.), s. 14-19 ISBN 978-80-87064-09-2 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : architecture * sport * aristocracy Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  6. Sports Supplements

    ... sports supplements often use persuasive before and after pictures that make it look easy to get a muscular, toned body. But the goal of supplement advertisers is to make money by selling more supplements, and many claims may be misleading. Teens and kids may seem like an easy sell ...

  7. Sport Progressions.

    Clumpner, Roy A.

    This book, which is primarily for secondary physical education teachers, presents a sequential approach to teaching skills that are essential to eight sports. The activities and lead-up games included in the book put beginning students directly into game-like situations where they can practice skills. Each chapter begins with a background of the…

  8. Racquet Sports.

    Zebas, Carole J., Ed.; Groppel, Jack L., Ed.

    1983-01-01

    In six articles on racquet sports, the origins of the games are traced, methods for teaching skills such as footwork, racquetball strategy, and badminton techniques are discussed, and the biomechanics of the one- and two-handed backhand in tennis are reviewed. Information about paddle tennis is included. (PP)

  9. RELATİONSHİP BETWEEN PUBLİC RELATİONS AND SPONSORSHİPS İN SPORT MARKETİNG

    Hale BOZKURT; Reşat KARTAL

    2008-01-01

    The concept of sport sector arised together with the concept of sport marketing. Sport marketing is a vital and powerful strategic tool in sport business at local, national, and international levels. Sport marketing means that trademarks are being marketed through sport and also sport is being marketed for social aims. Sport marketing methods are event marketing, advertising, and public relations. Public relations in these methods is key element for creating a positive image by making an emot...

  10. [Sex role and sports].

    Darlison, E

    2000-11-01

    Gender inequality in all areas of life remains a global problem despite efforts over the past twenty years in particular to address the situation. In physical activity and sport the inequality between women and men is particularly pronounced in almost all countries, although it differs in degree. Two of the main reasons why inequality between women and men physical activity and sport is more extreme than in many other areas of social life are the result of the close association between the attributes required for sport and those associated with traditional concepts of stereotypical, hegemonic masculinity, and a lack of understanding of the difference between sex and gender. In sport and physical activity physical differences between men and women have been confused with socially constructed differences i.e. physical differences have been confused with gender differences, and this confusion has been used to justify women's lesser and limited participation at all levels. To achieve equality between women and men in physical activity and sport it will be essential that gender is identified and understood as a socially constructed and fluid concept which is a product of the relations between women and men. The fact that women bear children or are generally less physically powerful than men is not sufficient to justify why it is not considered appropriate for women to participate in certain forms of physical activity or why their participation is less valued than the participation of men. An understanding of gender and of the construction of gender relations is an important pre-requisite to addressing the inequality between women and men in physical activity and sport and in developing policies and programs which include, and are of equal benefit to both sexes. While more research on the benefits of participation in physical activity is needed, there is currently sufficient information available to identify the health related and social value of participation to both

  11. Writing lives in sport

    Christensen, Mette Krogh

    Writing lives in sport is a book of stories about sports-persons. The people concerned include sports stars, sports people who are not quite so famous, and relatively unknown physical education teachers and sports scientists.Writing lives in sport raises questions about writing biographies...... in the academis world of sport studies. It does not set out to be a methodological treatise but through the writing of lives in sports does raise questions of method. Each essay in this collection deals with problems of writing sports-people's lives. These essays could be said to fall along a spectrum from those...

  12. Sport for tall.

    Khosla, T

    1983-09-10

    Eight new events (handball, basketball, and six rowing events) were introduced for women in the Olympic Games at Montreal in 1976. Of 187 women rowers who competed at Montreal, none was shorter than the mean height (162 cm, 64 in) of women aged 18-24 in the United States. In team events only two out of 250 participants were shorter than the reference mean. Even among the tall, it was the taller participants who won medals. What does the slogan "Sport for All" mean in this context? Moreover, the physical size required of champion rowers and basketball players is not to be found in some Asian, African, and Latin American populations. International contests in many such events therefore seem to be at variance with the first charter of the Olympic Games. An independent reviewing body is urgently needed to examine the merits of man made rules in many sporting contests. PMID:6412804

  13. 对我国体育社团可持续发展“内生动力”的思考%Internal Impetus of the Sustainable Development of Chinese Sports Associations

    曾桂生; 逯秋月; 颜月乔; 张文; 李文渊

    2014-01-01

    通过文献资料法、比较分析法等,对我国体育社团实现可持续发展的“内生动力”进行研究,其结果表明:对我国体育社团进行角色定位,大力培养体育社团发展的内生动力,不仅仅是快速提升我国体育社团的服务职能、社会效用以及社团会员满意度的关键所在,更是真正实现我国体育社团自主管理、独立发展,贯彻执行服务性社会最直接有效的途径。%By the ways of literature review and comparative analysis, this paper studies the internal impetus of the sustainable development of Chinese sports associations. The result indicates that deifning the role of Chinese sports associations and cultivating their internal impetus are not only the key to fast improve the sports associations’ service function, social utility and member satisfaction degrees, but also a direct and effective way for truly realizing the associations’ self-management, independent development and implementing a service-oriented society.

  14. Fatal Injuries in Sports

    Leonid S. Khodasevich; Aleksei L. Khodasevich; Sergei G. Kuzin

    2013-01-01

    The literary review, related to fatal injuries in sports, contains epidemiology, their mechanisms, causes of death in sports. Injuries in different sports have their own features, concerned with sports equipment, performed exercises, sports facilities equipment and protective equipment, used by the athletes.

  15. KEY TOPICS IN SPORTS MEDICINE

    Amir Ali Narvani

    2006-12-01

    Injury, 27. Injury to the Face, Nose, Ear, 28. Dental Problems, 29. Protective Headwear and Facial Protection in Sport, 30. Spinal Injury: Functional Anatomy and General Biomechanics, 31. Cervical Spine Injuries, 32. Thoracolumbar Spine Injuries, 33. Spine Related Syndromes, 34. Chest Injuries, 35. Abdominal Injuries and Abdominal Wall Injuries, 36. Urinary Tract Injuries, 37. The Shoulder Disorders, 38. Acromioclavicular Joint Disorders, 39. The Elbow Joint, 40. The Forearm and Wrist, 41. Hand Injuries, 42. Neurological Injury Affecting the Upper Limb, 43. Buttock Pain, 44. Groin Pain, 45. Thigh Injuries. ASSESSMENT Based on graduate programme teaching practice and with an international team of contributors, this is a valuable and practical resource for all those interested in sports and exercise medicine, including sports clinicians, general practitioners, team doctors, orthopaedic surgeons, accident and emergency doctors and physiotherapists. It is concise and well organized in its presentation, creating an effective textbook. I believe, therefore, the book will serve as a first-rate teaching tool and reference for students and specialists in sports medicine and rehabilitation, athletic training, physiotherapy. Students will enjoy the format of this book

  16. 78 FR 35085 - Consensus Standards, Light-Sport Aircraft

    2013-06-11

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Consensus Standards, Light-Sport Aircraft AGENCY: Federal Aviation... Light-Sport Aircraft rule issued July 16, 2004, and effective September 1, 2004. ASTM International Committee F37 on Light Sport Aircraft developed the new and revised standards with Federal...

  17. 77 FR 24251 - Consensus Standards, Light-Sport Aircraft

    2012-04-23

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Consensus Standards, Light-Sport Aircraft AGENCY: Federal Aviation... and Light-Sport Aircraft rule issued July 16, 2004, and effective September 1, 2004. ASTM International Committee F37 on Light Sport Aircraft developed the new and revised standards with...

  18. Physical Education and Sport and the Quality of Life.

    Pooley, John C.

    1984-01-01

    Physical education and sports programs have the potential to enhance the quality of life. Cheating and violence in sports have become international problems that tarnish the credibility of athletic programs. Professionals need to emphasize good sportsmanship and fair play in sports programs. (DF)

  19. Sport horses

    Rovere, Gabriel Alejandro

    The general goal of this thesis was to provide information useful for the breeding programme of the Royal Dutch Warmblood Studbook (KWPN) in relation with the ongoing specialisation of the population. Data provided by KWPN consisted of records from studbook-first inspection, competition performan....... Constructing separate selection indexes would allow for optimal weighting of information sources such as studbook-entry inspection traits in accordance to the breeding goal of each sports discipline....

  20. Analysis on Hot Issues of International Leisure Sports---Based on the Key Words%国际休闲体育研究热点问题分析--基于高频关键词

    高明; 韩尚洁; 段卉; 邱军

    2016-01-01

    take science measurement and keyword co-oc-currence analysis for 1664 leisure sports research literatures which selected form Web of Science core data-base collection of the three sub-libraries “SCI-EXPAND-ED、SSCI、A&HCI” included in 2005 2014,Explore the international leisure sports research survey and research focus. Analysis showed that:international leisure sports re-search at this stage mainly in North America and Europe and other developed economies; multi-disciplinary research in public health and sports science to build a leisure sports multi-faceted research system; research focus mainly on health, obesity, risk factors, mortality, as well as the effect of leisure sports on some chronic disea-ses,the main object of attention on the women,adults and children. Multidisciplinary research occupies an important position in leisure sports,influential research results con-tinue to emerged, expanding research focus of leisure sports become the driving force of evolution, it improved the vigorous development of leisure sports, and access to the various concerns.%通过对Web of Science数据库核心合集三大子库“SCI-EXPANDED、SSCI、A&HCI”收录的20052014年关于休闲体育研究的1664篇文献进行科学计量与关键词共现分析,探索国际休闲体育研究概况和研究热点。分析表明:现阶段国际休闲体育研究力量主要集中在北美和欧洲等经济发达国家;以公共卫生与健康、体育科学等多学科研究构建了休闲体育研究中的多方位研究体系;研究热点主要集中于健康、肥胖、风险因素、死亡、以及休闲体育活动对部分慢性病的影响;主要关注对象为妇女、成人及儿童。多学科研究在休闲体育研究中占有重要的地位,有影响力研究成果的不断涌现、研究热点的不断拓展成为休闲体育研究演进的动力,推进休闲体育的蓬勃发展,并获得了多方面的关注。

  1. Sports and Concussions

    ... How Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Sports and Concussions KidsHealth > For Teens > Sports and Concussions ... between skiers or snowboarders continue Preventing Concussions in Sports Start With the Right Equipment Everyone should wear ...

  2. Sports cream overdose

    Sports creams are creams or ointments used to treat aches and pains. Sports cream overdose can occur if someone uses this ... Two ingredients in sports creams that can be poisonous are: Menthol Methyl salicylate

  3. Financing Professional Sports Facilities

    Baade, Robert A.; Victor A. Matheson

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines public financing of professional sports facilities with a focus on both early and recent developments in taxpayer subsidization of spectator sports. The paper explores both the magnitude and the sources of public funding for professional sports facilities.

  4. Eye Injuries in Sports

    ... High-risk sports use a ball, puck, bat, stick or racquet, or they involve body contact. Some high-risk sports are baseball, basketball, hockey, football, lacrosse, tennis and other racquet sports, fencing ...

  5. INTERACTIONS BETWEEN GLOBALIZATION AND SPORTS

    Senem ÇEYİZ

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available We live in a world of rapid change. Although the most obvious examples of this change are seen in technology, it, in fact, has permeated all areas of life. When viewed from an international perspective, it is possible to say that almost all of the borders in many areas - particularly economic, social and cultural - in the world have disappeared due to the impact of technology. Nowadays the process which is seen as the source of all these changes and interactions is referred to as globalization. The word globalization has often been used as a multidimensional concept . Today, owin g to the process of globalization in many areas , spatial distances are almost diminished, so much so that the developments which take place at one end of the world may affect another country at the other end . The effects of globalization are as visible in the sports field as in many other areas. Sports is becoming more and more industrialized day by day . Live broadcasting of several sporting events has quite a large audience all over the world. Many foreign ath letes take part in national teams by changing their nationalities . It can also be argued that as much as globalization has an impact on sports today so does sports on globalization. The concepts inherent in sports like performance , competition, breaking re cords have created a common language recognized all over the world, a situation which serves to accelerate globalization.

  6. Guest Editor’s Introduction: Sport Finance and Gambling

    BRAD R. HUMPHREYS

    2008-01-01

    Gambling on sports is a big business, and in North America it has evolved during the past few decades from a shady, quasi-legal activity to a widely accepted recreational activity. As with any big business, gambling on sports has a number of important financial and economic implications. This special issue of the International Journal of Sport Finance explores several important financial and economic issues related to sports gambling.

  7. Sports law and policy in the European Union

    Parrish, Richard

    2003-01-01

    The commercialisation of sport in Europe raises important questions concerning the most appropriate method of regulating sporting activity. The development of the European Union and the internationalisation of sporting competition has added an international dimension to this debate. Yet sport is not simply a business to be regulated in the same way as any other industry. It is also a social and cultural activity. Can regulation at EU level reconcile this tension? Adopting a distinctive legal ...

  8. Doping, sport and the law: time for repeal of prohibition?

    Anderson, Jack

    2013-01-01

    This article concerns the legal issues that surround the prohibition of doping in sport. The current policy on the use of performance enhancing drugs (PEDs) in sport is underpinned by both a paternalistic desire to protect athletes’ health and the long-term integrity or ‘spirit’ of sport. The policy is put into administrative effect globally by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), which provides the regulatory and legal framework through which the vast majority of international sports federat...

  9. Green Brand Development in Sports Nutrition Food

    Zhe Ren

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This study is to research the current situation and the effect which is brought by the nutrition food of the green band development in sports nutrition food. Sports nutrition is the study and practice of nutrition and diet as it relates to athletic performance. It is concerned with the type and quantity of fluid and food taken by an athlete and deals with nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, supplements and organic substances such as carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Although an important part of many sports training regimens, it is most commonly considered in strength sports and endurance sports. From the view of meeting the demand for health of athletes, this study discussed the green brand development in sports nutrition food. Taking sustainable development theory as principle, we analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of green brand in sports nutrition food. In the fierce competitive environment, some companies blindly pursue the number of products, but ignore the quality of products. However, with the environmental protection consciousness and self-protection awareness, pure natural food, high-quality green food and healthy food have become people's preference. As for athletes, they also choose the green sports nutrition food. Therefore, developing the green brand for sports nutrition food will be a sustainable road for all food companies. In past 2 years, the developments of sports nutritive products, the formulation of trade standard, spread of sports nutrition knowledge, international and domestic scientific exchanges and training of sports dietitian had been done. These excellent situations predicted a good future of green brand development in sports nutrition food.

  10. PRESENT TIMES SPORT MANAGEMENT

    Silvia GRĂDINARU

    2016-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to play as introduction for the sport management science, both as academic and professional major. The paper provides a broad overview of sport management rather than detailed instructions about how sport management is seen. The professional career in sport management should be built on a strong conceptual foundation. Sport managers who can think critically about sport – related issues will be competent, reflective professionals who have the potential to become influ...

  11. Sports Video Analysis: Semantics Extraction, Editorial Content Creation and Adaptation

    Changsheng Xu; Jian Cheng; Yi Zhang; Yifan Zhang; Hanqing Lu

    2009-01-01

    Advances in computing, networking, and multimedia technologies have led to a tremendous growth of sports video content and accelerated the need of analysis and understanding of sports video content. Sports video analysis has been a hot research area and a number of potential applications have been identified. In this paper, we summarize our research achievement on semantics extraction and automatic editorial content creation and adaptation in sports video analysis. We first propose a generic ...

  12. Achievement of Climate Planning Objectives among U.S. Member Cities of the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI)

    Clinton, Kelsey W.; Lam, Nina S. N.

    2016-01-01

    In an effort to address climate change, many cities have joined the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) whose members commit to work toward five specific program objectives designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This study examines the extent to which 257 member cities in the US have been successful in achieving these program milestones and identifies factors that may explain variation in the performance of member cities. Potential influences on milestone attainment include socioeconomic, political and ideological characteristics of residents, length of ICLEI membership, existence of other climate programs within the state, and local environmental pressures. Multiple regression results indicate that length of membership is the strongest predictor of milestone attainment, regardless of local socioeconomic conditions, ideological and political orientations of residents, or other climate-related initiatives within the state. This finding supports the general effectiveness of ICLEI’s network organizational model and its outreach and education efforts. However, member cities facing more “climate stress”, including higher levels of hazardous air pollutants (HAP’s) and greater automobile use among residents are making slower progress. The findings yield insight into the conditions under which cities engaged in climate planning are more likely to succeed in reducing local greenhouse gas emissions-relevant information for planners, community stakeholders and administrators of organizations like ICLEI.

  13. International note: Are Emirati parents' attitudes toward mathematics linked to their adolescent children's attitudes toward mathematics and mathematics achievement?

    Areepattamannil, Shaljan; Khine, Myint Swe; Melkonian, Michael; Welch, Anita G; Al Nuaimi, Samira Ahmed; Rashad, Fatimah F

    2015-10-01

    Drawing on data from the 2012 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) and employing multilevel modeling as an analytic strategy, this study examined the relations of adolescent children's perceptions of their parents' attitudes towards mathematics to their own attitudes towards mathematics and mathematics achievement among a sample of 5116 adolescents from 384 schools in the United Arab Emirates. The results of this cross-sectional study revealed that adolescents who perceived that their parents liked mathematics and considered mathematics was important for their children not only to study but also for their career tended to report higher levels of intrinsic and instrumental motivation to learn mathematics, mathematics self-concept and self-efficacy, and mathematics work ethic. Moreover, adolescents who perceived that their parents liked mathematics and considered mathematics was important for their children's career tended to report positive intentions and behaviors toward mathematics. However, adolescents who perceived that their parents considered mathematics was important for their children's career tended to report higher levels of mathematics anxiety. Finally, adolescents who perceived that their parents considered mathematics was important for their children to study performed significantly better on the mathematics assessment than did their peers whose parents disregarded the importance of learning mathematics. PMID:26189150

  14. THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SPORT ACTIVITY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF PETROSANI

    IOAN STELESCU

    2013-01-01

    The management in sport has a very important role today considering that sport is a source of income and stimulates the industry and the economical development. The level of sport today requires some programmers of management of sport which surfaced recently in the international management and was adjusted to Romanian conditions.

  15. PREFACE: 11th International Spring Seminar on Nuclear Physics: Shell Model and Nuclear Structure - achievements of the past two decades

    2015-02-01

    The 11th International Seminar on Nuclear Physics was held in Ischia from May 12 to May 16, 2014. This Seminar was dedicated to Aldo Covello, who has been the promoter of this series of meetings, which started in Sorrento in 1986 and continued with meetings held every two or three years in the Naples area. Aldo's idea was to offer to a group of researchers, actively working in selected fields of Nuclear Physics, the opportunity to confront their points of view in a lively and informal way. The choice for the period of the year, Spring, as well as the sites chosen reflected this intent. The first meeting was of a purely theoretical nature, but it was immediately clear that the scope of these conferences needed to be enlarged calling into play the experimental community. Then, starting from the second meeting, all the following ones have been characterized by fruitful discussion between theoretical and experimental researchers on current achievements and future developments of nuclear structure. This may be read, in fact, as one of the motivating factors for Aldo's election as Fellow of the American Physical Society in 2008 "... for his outstanding contributions to the international nuclear physics community by providing, for over two decades, a venue for theorists and experimentalists to share their latest ideas." The present meeting, organized by Aldo's former students and with the benefit of his suggestions, has maintained this tradition. The title "Shell model and nuclear structure: achievements of the past two decades" recalls that of the 2nd International Spring Seminar "Shell Model and Nuclear Structure: where do we stand?". The main aim of this 11th Seminar was, in fact, to discuss the changes of the past two decades on our view of nuclei in terms of shell structure as well as the perspectives of the shell model, which has been one of the key points in Aldo's research. This point is well accounted by the Opening Speech of Igal Talmi, one of the fathers of the

  16. Creating sport consumers in Dutch sport policy

    van der Roest, Jan Willem; Vermeulen, Jeroen; van Bottenburg, Maarten; LS Sportontw. & Managing Social Issues; UU LEG Research USG Public Matters Managing Social Issues; LS Management van Cultuur en Zingeving

    2014-01-01

    This article deals with the tension between the association logic and the market logic that appears in the domain of voluntary sport clubs (VSCs). We present a qualitative analysis of sport policy texts of fifteen Dutch national sport organizations (NSOs) and the national umbrella organization to ex

  17. Creating sport consumers in Dutch sport policy

    van der Roest, Jan Willem; Vermeulen, Jeroen; van Bottenburg, Maarten

    2015-01-01

    This article deals with the tension between the association logic and the market logic that appears in the domain of voluntary sport clubs (VSCs). We present a qualitative analysis of sport policy texts of fifteen Dutch national sport organizations (NSOs) and the national umbrella organization to ex

  18. Safe! Sports, Campers & Reducing Sports Injuries.

    Thomson, Beth J.

    1989-01-01

    Acceptance of adult roles by children increases "adult injuries," notably broken bones from sports. Suggests camp administrators be familiar with clientele, particular sports, and the kinds of injuries that generally result in each. Discusses children's age, types of sports, and other factors that come into play when anticipating and treating…

  19. Sports Culture and Sports in Turkey

    Yılmaz KAPLAN

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Sports culture indicates all kinds of morals, products, and behavior. This study aims to argue sports as a cultural element and its appearence in Turkey. This is a descriptive study based on theoretical argument. It is periodic since it is limited to a given term and it is also relied upon literature review. People's adaptations to living conditions are related to culture. We can specify this, “all the patt erns of living and behavior which are special to small units within a large and structurally developed society.” ( Erdemli , 2002In Turkey; it’s more accurate to say that, it’s understood football when you think about sports and sport culture is football culture. This condition can not only induce cultural diversity and wealth but it also leads to a transformation into a society who likes watching sports, talking about sports (saying more precisely football rather than doing sports. Sport magazine has sur passed the sport itself. Representation of sport in media does not make a favorable contribution. Sport media invites violence with its manner of representation of news by acting with the concerns of rating and curcilation although they, at every turn, dec lare that they are against violence. Discourses which include violence, nationalism, sexism, and slang has increased in media as an extensive research also suggested ( Talimciler , 2003.Culture, is a phenomenon which is considerably about quality and accumu lation. Processes are as important as results; sometimes even more. In this sense sport is much more than the score. In a country, a sport branch can be attracting more attention than the other ones; however, Limiting sports to football, also limiting fo otball to several football clubs, and ignoring many of sports branches, those who are interested in them, and who are amateurs is an unfair and reductive approach. On the other hand; sports opportunities could not be created for millions of young and adul t people in our country

  20. PRESENT TIMES SPORT MANAGEMENT

    Silvia GRĂDINARU

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this paper is to play as introduction for the sport management science, both as academic and professional major. The paper provides a broad overview of sport management rather than detailed instructions about how sport management is seen. The professional career in sport management should be built on a strong conceptual foundation. Sport managers who can think critically about sport – related issues will be competent, reflective professionals who have the potential to become influential agents of change. The sport management will face many challenges in the future, as examination of the ethics, social responsibility and principled decision making but in the meantime will offer opportunities towards society.

  1. Marijuana as doping in sports.

    Campos, Daniel R; Yonamine, Mauricio; de Moraes Moreau, Regina L

    2003-01-01

    A high incidence of positive cases for cannabinoids, in analyses for doping control in sports, has been observed since the International Olympic Committee (IOC) included them in the 1989 list of prohibited drugs under the title of classes of prohibited substances in certain circumstances. Where the rules of sports federations so provide, tests are conducted for marijuana, hashish or any other cannabis product exposure by means of urinalysis of 11-nor-delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid (carboxy-THC) the main metabolite of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Concentrations >15 ng/mL (cut-off value) in confirmatory analytical procedures are considered doping. Cannabis is an illicit drug in several countries and has received much attention in the media for its potential therapeutic uses and the efforts to legalise its use. Studies have demonstrated that the use of cannabinoids can reduce anxiety, but it does not have ergogenic potential in sports activities. An increase in heart rate and blood pressure, decline of cardiac output and reduced psychomotor activity are some of the pharmacological effects of THC that will determine a decrease in athletic performance. An ergolytic activity of cannabis products has been observed in athletes of several different sport categories. In Brazil, analyses for doping control in sports, performed in our laboratories, have detected positive cases for carboxy-THC in urine samples of soccer, volleyball, cycling and other athletes. It is our intention to discuss in this article some points that may discourage individuals from using cannabis products during sports activities, even in the so-called permitted circumstances defined by the IOC and some sports federations. PMID:12744713

  2. Can genotype determine the sports phenotype? A paradigm shift in sports medicine.

    Ghosh, Amit; Mahajan, Preetam B

    2016-06-01

    In last two decades, there has been an evolution in sports medicine. Several researchers have worked on different domains of sports medicine, like strength, endurance, sports injury, and psychology. Besides this, several groups have explored the changes at cellular and molecular levels during exercise, which has led to the development of the new domain in sports science known as genetic medicine. Genetic medicine deals with the genotypic basis of sports phenotype. In this article, we try to provide an up-to-date review on genetic determinants of sports performance, which will be like a journey from the nostalgic past towards the traditional present and the romantic future of sports medicine. Endurance and power performance are two important domains of athletes. They vary in individuals, even among trained athletes. Researches indicate that the genetic makeup of sportsmen play a vital role in their performance. Several genetic factors are reported to be responsible for endurance, power, susceptibility to injury, and even psychology of the individual. Besides this, proper training, nutrition, and environment are also important in shaping their potential. The aim of this discussion is to understand the influence of the environment and the genetic makeup on the performance of the athletes. There is sufficient evidence to suggest that genotype determines the sports phenotype in an athlete. Choosing the right sports activity based on genetic endowment is the key for achieving excellence in sports. PMID:26812785

  3. Stakeholder’s expectations and objectives of the sport club in the context of marketing activities

    Kowalski, S.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the article is to identify the ways to achieve different sport organization goals through marketing activities. Commercialization of sport makes sport organization to seek the way to meet the needs of its stakeholders – main sponsors, supporters and local government, while providing opportunities for athletes and achieving success. The author pays attention to the issues of diversity goals and policies on the example of sport organizations aimed to achieve these goals. The basi...

  4. RELATIONSHIP MARKETING IN PROFFESIONAL SPORT

    Iftime Dragoș Adrian

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The scope of this study is to present the evolution of Barclays Premier League organization from the relationship marketing perspective and to analyze issues regarding the way in which the sportive organization implements the relationship marketing principles, which strategies is using and what are the main benefits, based on the examination of its history and its current practices. The relationship between sport organizations and the consumers of the sport product is a genuine bond; in fact the consumer is the sine qua non condition for the sport organizations to exist. Without constant reference to the final consumer, the professional sport finds itself in the situation of no means or reasons to outlast. Even more, all the transactions achieved on the sport market imply a certain level of expressing relationship marketing. This paper studies the impact of embracing the principles of relationship marketing in one of the most successful sportive organizations, Barclays Premier League, and the positive changes driven by this approach over the past decade. The research presents also the complex dynamic of creating and maintaining relations in professional sport as well as the implications of adopting a functional approach of the relationship marketing in this field. One important aspect refers to the added value this concept creates for the sportive organization. The result of this study consists of a set of recommended strategies and tactics to be introduced by a football club oriented towards achieving relationship marketing oriented goals that would help the organization to fully benefit from the implementation of this concept.

  5. Study on the Performance Evaluation System of High Level Sports Teams%高校高水平运动队绩效评估指标体系研究

    于可红; 张洁

    2012-01-01

    From the performance management perspective, the Balanced Scorecard applied to the performance as- sessment of high level sports teams. On the current internal and external environments of university sports teams, SWOT analysis method used to develop sports teams development strategies, from the organizers - uni- versity, sports teams internal processes, funding for sports teams, the development of sports teams in four di- mensions construction high level sports teams performance evaluation index syst~n. Finally, we use AHP to de- temaine the weight of performance indicators to achieve a comprehensive evaluation of sports teams.%从绩效管理的角度出发,将平衡计分卡应用到高校高水平运动队绩效评估中。通过对当前高校高水平运动队内外环境的分析,采用SWOT分析法制定运动队发展战略,从主办方——学校、运动队内部流程、运动队经费、运动队发展四个维度构建高校高水平运动队的绩效评估指标体系。最后,运用层次分析法确定绩效指标的权重,从而实现对运动队实现全面的评价。

  6. An interpretation and thinking on “ sports power ” and “ sports power dream”of China%对我国“体育强国”和“体育强国梦”的解读与思考

    徐本力

    2014-01-01

    By reviewing the background of proposing the strategic goal of building China into a sports power,an in - depth analysis was made on the concepts and scientific connotation of "major sports country" ," sports power" and " China sports dream" and in addition,some customized agreements on " sports power" by international circle were introduced. Finally, some thinking and ideas were put forward on how to achieve the strategic goal of " stepping from a major sports country to sports power" and " China sports dream" .%在对我国体育强国战略目标提出的历史背景进行回顾的基础上,对“体育大国”、“体育强国”和“中国体育梦”等概念和科学内涵进行了深入的分析和解读,并介绍了国际上有关“体育强国”内涵的一些约定俗成的共识。在此基础上,对我国提出的“由体育大国向体育强国迈进”的战略目标和如何实现“中国体育梦”提出了一些思考与看法。

  7. The Internal/External Frame of Reference Model of Self-Concept and Achievement Relations: Age-Cohort and Cross-Cultural Differences

    Marsh, Herbert W.; Abduljabbar, Adel Salah; Parker, Philip D.; Morin, Alexandre J. S.; Abdelfattah, Faisal; Nagengast, Benjamin; Möller, Jens; Abu-Hilal, Maher M.

    2015-01-01

    The internal/external frame of reference (I/E) model and dimensional comparison theory posit paradoxical relations between achievement (ACH) and self-concept (SC) in mathematics (M) and verbal (V) domains; ACH in each domain positively affects SC in the matching domain (e.g., MACH to MSC) but negatively in the nonmatching domain (e.g., MACH to…

  8. The Role of Arts-Related Information and Communication Technology Use in Problem Solving and Achievement: Findings from the Programme for International Student Assessment

    Liem, Gregory Arief D.; Martin, Andrew J.; Anderson, Michael; Gibson, Robyn; Sudmalis, David

    2014-01-01

    Drawing on the Programme for International Student Assessment 2003 data set comprising over 190,000 15-year-old students in 25 countries, the current study sought to examine the role of arts-related information and communication technology (ICT) use in students' problem-solving skill and science and mathematics achievement. Structural equation…

  9. Analysis of Sport Management Literature: European Sport Management Quarterly

    Brenda Pitts

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A profession must be built upon a sound body of knowledge in order for its professional status to be recognized and considered credible by society (Zeigler, 1987. The body of literature should also reflect and define the field (Fielding, Pitts, & Miller, 1991. To that end, examining the state of a body of literature is essential as the findings can reveal such significant information as content, trends, author collaboration, and topical gaps and disparities. The purpose of this study was to examine the European Sport Management Quarterly and its predecessor the European Journal for Sport Management. A content analysis of the journal from 1994 to 2012 was the methodology employed. Results determined that a vast majority of the papers are in four content areas – “Management and Organizational Skills in Sport”, “Sport Business in the Social Context”, “Sport Marketing”, and “Sport Economics”. Sport business industry segments as a focus of the papers stayed relatively the same over the years, although “International Sport” increased much more than any other industry segment. The gender focus of the articles was primarily male, and the authorship and editorial membership was also male-focused. The geographical dispersion of both authors and editorial review board members has broadened over time to be less European. Academics may find information from this study useful in developing strategies and lines of inquiry in research agendas. As well, editors of journals may utilize the findings to plan strategies related to addressing gaps or disparities.

  10. On the Multidimensionality of Sport Tourism: Challenges and Guidelines

    Abolfazl Dehnavi

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the Industries in the world is tourism industry in which sport tourism has attracted much more attention. Sport and Tourism make the world a small place enhancing more understanding between tolerance and world peace, eventually . The issue of sport tourism has become one of the new research approaches in recent years . In addition, it may affect the all social strata economically and politically. Thus needless to say that much more attention should be directed to the industry through clear-cut policies, visions and constructive plans in this regard. To this end, In this paper, the authors investigate multidimensionality of sport tourism development, generally. The research applies archival materials to get the required information. To sum up, authorities are supposed to pay much more attention to public sports in local, national and international levels and participate actively in international conferences and creating sports tourism database. Also, they can seek the support of private sectors, create employment and attract investors in terms of constructing and equipping multi-hosted/purposes sport facilities as well as undertaking sporting events.. Most importantly, developing Sport Tourism so as to consolidate peace and friendship and sport globalization and strengthening and striving for national identity shall be considered as the ultimate goal of sport tourism development.