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Sample records for achieving e-business semantics

  1. A Framework for Achieving e-Business Success

    Kumar, U.; Maheshwari, M.; Kumar, V.

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents the findings of an empirical study of critical factors associated with e-business success. An a priori model relating the success factors to e-business success is developed. The study uses the "balanced scorecard" methodology to measure the success of e-business organizations, as the authors believe that financial measures are…

  2. Semantic Content Mediation and Acquisition: The Challenge for Semantic e-Business Solutions

    Contreras, Jesús; Corcho, Oscar; Benjamins, R.

    2006-01-01

    A Top Quadrant report situates the Semantic Web within the current Innovation Wave of “Distributed Intelligence”. This is one of the main innovation waves of the last centuries including textile, railway, auto, computer, distributed intelligence (1997-2061) and nanotechnology (2007-2081). The Distributed Intelligence wave started in the late nineties and is expected to peak between 2010 and 2020. The report estimates first return on investments in 2006-7, growing to a market of $40-60 billion...

  3. Specification of e-business process model for PayPal online payment process using Reo

    Xie, M.

    2005-01-01

    E-business process modeling allows business analysts to better understand and analyze the business processes, and eventually to use software systems to automate (parts of) these business processes to achieve higher profit. To support e-business process modeling, many business process modeling languages have been used as tools. However, many existing business process modeling languages lack (a) formal semantics, (b) formal computational model, and (c) an integrated view of the business process...

  4. E-business as a distributional strategy : case: Veikkaus Oy

    Nguyen, Tue

    2013-01-01

    E-business, started in North America 1994, has become a new field of application of internet technology. While the benefits E-business brings to firms and companies are massive, it takes knowledge of know-how, good visions and strategies to achieve success in E-business. This study focuses on marketing strategy regarding E-business, especially distribution strategy, which pays an important role in making E-business successful. Using qualitative research method, the author attempts to find ...

  5. E-business in Nigeria

    Mohammed, Mamman

    2013-01-01

    Summary The internet has brought Web based technology to integrate business with communication from anywhere in the world within a matter of simple clicks using the computer or any internet connected device. The development of integration with E-business in developed countries is at its peak as most companies transact their businesses online, while the developing countries are far from achieving the benefits of this technology due to one problem or the other. The thesis deals with analyzi...

  6. Semantic Interoperability in Electronic Business

    Juha Puustjarvi

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available E-business refers to the utilization of information and communication technologies (ICT in support of all the activities of business. The standards developed for e-business help to facilitate the deployment of e-business. In particular, several organizations in e-business sector have produced standards and representation forms using XML. It serves as an interchange format for exchanging data between communicating applications. However, XML says nothing about the semantics of the used tags. XML is merely a standard notation for markup languages, which provides a means for structuring documents. Therefore the XML-based e-business software is developed by hard-coding. Hard-coding is proven to be a valuable and powerful way for exchanging structured and persistent business documents. However, if we use hard-coding in the case of non-persistent documents and non-static environments we will encounter problems in deploying new document types as it requires a long lasting standardization process. Replacing existing hard-coded ebusiness systems by open systems that support semantic interoperability, and which are easily extensible, is the topic of this article. We first consider XML-based technologies and standards developed for B2B interoperation. Then, we consider electronic auctions, which represent a form of e-business. In particular, we represent how semantic interoperability can be achieved in electronic auctions.

  7. E-Business Technologies

    Carmen TIMOFTE

    2007-01-01

    Internet technologies have revolutionized the business world by creating a global online marketplace. Appropriate understanding for the technologies and the impact of different design choices of technologies (including the Internet and open systems) dramatically affects both functional and non-functional aspects of the e-business solution.

  8. E-Business Technologies

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Internet technologies have revolutionized the business world by creating a global online marketplace. Appropriate understanding for the technologies and the impact of different design choices of technologies (including the Internet and open systems dramatically affects both functional and non-functional aspects of the e-business solution.

  9. An E-business Strategy

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available On the last decade the integration of e-business into organizations has increased, but there are still difficulties during this process. In the present environment any organization must include into their business plan the possibility of identifying the e-business integration method, the implementation cost, and the expected results. The article's aim is to analyze the necessary means and steps in e-business integration into the business plan of an organization.

  10. An E-business Strategy

    Bogdan GHILIC-MICU; Mircea, Marinela

    2007-01-01

    On the last decade the integration of e-business into organizations has increased, but there are still difficulties during this process. In the present environment any organization must include into their business plan the possibility of identifying the e-business integration method, the implementation cost, and the expected results. The article's aim is to analyze the necessary means and steps in e-business integration into the business plan of an organization.

  11. Real Time Semantic Interoperability in AD HOC Networks of Geospatial Data Sources: Challenges, Achievements and Perspectives

    Mostafavi, M. A.; Bakillah, M.

    2012-07-01

    Recent advances in geospatial technologies have made available large amount of geospatial data. Meanwhile, new developments in Internet and communication technologies created a shift from isolated geospatial databases to ad hoc networks of geospatial data sources, where data sources can join or leave the network, and form groups to share data and services. However, effective integration and sharing of geospatial data among these data sources and their users are hampered by semantic heterogeneities. These heterogeneities affect the spatial, temporal and thematic aspects of geospatial concepts. There have been many efforts to address semantic interoperability issues in the geospatial domain. These efforts were mainly focused on resolving heterogeneities caused by different and implicit representations of the concepts. However, many approaches have focused on the thematic aspects, leaving aside the explicit representation of spatial and temporal aspects. Also, most semantic interoperability approaches for networks have focused on automating the semantic mapping process. However, the ad hoc network structure is continuously modified by source addition or removal, formation of groups, etc. This dynamic aspect is often neglected in those approaches. This paper proposes a conceptual framework for real time semantic interoperability in ad hoc networks of geospatial data sources. The conceptual framework presents the fundamental elements of real time semantic interoperability through a hierarchy of interrelated semantic states and processes. Then, we use the conceptual framework to set the discussion on the achievements that have already been made, the challenges that remain to be addressed and perspectives with respect to these challenges.

  12. E-Business Security Architectures

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available By default the Internet is an open high risk environment and also the main place where the e-business is growing. As result of this fact, the paper aims to highlight the security aspects that relate to distributed applications [3], with reference to the concept of e-business. In this direction will analyze the quality characteristics, considered to be important by the author. Based on these and on existing e-business architectures will be presented a particularly diagram which will reflect a new approach to the concept of future e-business. The development of the new architecture will have its stands based on technologies that are used to build the applications of tomorrow.

  13. E-Business Developmental Issues in the Australian Food Industry

    Mohini Singh

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses e-business developmental issues in the Australian Food industry that were identified from a research project funded by the Australian Research Council. Data was gathered from interviews with 11 food organisations in the year 2000, most of which can be classified as ‘bricks and clicks’. These 11 companies were traditional businesses that had adopted e-business as a new way of doing business. The findings of the paper highlight the fact that the B2B is the predominant e-business model in the Australian Food Industry, EDI is an important foundation technology platform for developing B2B e-business, e-procurement was an important reason for adopting B2B e-business and improved supply chain management was the most important achievement from E-Business for these organizations. It also highlighted the fact e-business developed in-house with an IT department managed e-business sites better than those that outsourced the development.

  14. eBusiness Monitor Report

    2003-01-01

    eBusiness performance of the Irish enterprise sector over the next five to ten years will be a key determinant of Ireland’s economic success in the emerging global Knowledge Society. In an EU15 context, Ireland’s performance is currently ranked 8th.

  15. Econometric Simulation for E-Business Strategy Evaluation

    Lidan Ha; Guisseppi Forgionne

    2006-01-01

    Effective and efficient e-business strategy development is crucial to achieve a competitive advantage in the electronic marketplace. However, e-business strategy evaluation constitutes complex and dynamic challenges for business management. This article offers assistance for the evaluation process by applying a computer simulation that uses an econometric model delivered through a decision-making support system. The major econometric simulation logic and methodology introduced here covers mul...

  16. E-Business maturity and information technology in Portuguese SMEs

    2010-01-01

    The latest technological advances made over recent times led to a profound market change, characterized by increased competition. In order to be competitive, organizations have been forced to adapt themselves to this new reality, seeking innovative solutions permitting them to achieve lower costs, greater productivity and differentiation from competition. This work focuses the e-business maturity stages of Portuguese small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Our goal is to identify in which e-busi...

  17. From EDI to UN/CEFACT: An Evolutionary Path Towards a Next Generation e-Business Framework

    Janner, Till; Schmidt, Alexander; Schroth, Christoph; Stuhec, Gunther

    2006-01-01

    Modern e-Business frameworks have evolved from traditional EDI technology. The evolutionary development towards current e-Business stacks like RosettaNet led to an increased degree of integration and operational efficiency. Nevertheless, significant shortcomings still exist. Especially on the semantic level of data and process engineering further improvements are expected to harmonize the diversity and redundancy of existing e-Business stacks. UN/CEFACT's standardization efforts are a p...

  18. Enabling technologies for wireless e-business

    Kou, Weidong

    2006-01-01

    Provides a coverage of the technologies needed to make wireless e-business effective. This book offers an introduction for both self-study and taught e-business classes or commercial training in e-business and wireless technologies. It explains both industry standards and relevant academic research.

  19. E-business Development Key Areas

    Suchánek, Petr

    2008-01-01

    At present e-business is standard alternative and its development is very fast. E-commerce is subset of e-business. E-commerce is implementation of the business transactions on the internet (internet stores, booking system, and so on). E-business and e-commerce have directly dependence on information and communication technology (ICT). Many conditions have to be satisfied to e-business systems operate all right and bring contribution. The fundamental element is e-business strategy. Aims, proc...

  20. Moving to e-Business: Exploratory Study on e-Business Readiness in Croatian Large Companies

    Spremić, Mario

    2003-01-01

    This paper defines e-business, its dimensions with respect to differences between traditional business, partial, or pure e-business. Also, a model for moving to e-business is illustrated. The results of the study on current practices in evolving the e-business in top Croatian companies are presented. In this paper some aspects of business process innovation and e-business usage have been investigated (general e-business issues with levels of e-business usage, key objectives of participating i...

  1. An e-Business Model Ontology for Modeling e-Business

    Alexander Osterwalder; Yves Pigneur

    2002-01-01

    After explaining why business executives and academics should consider thinking about a rigorous approach to e-business models, we introduce a new e-Business Model Ontology. Using the concept of business models can help companies understand, communicate and share, change, measure, simulate and learn more about the different aspects of e-business in their firm. The generic e-Business Model Ontology (a rigorous definition of the e-business issues and their interdependencies in a company’s busin...

  2. Polynomial-Time, Semantically-Secure Encryption Achieving the Secrecy Capacity

    Bellare, Mihir

    2012-01-01

    In the wiretap channel setting, one aims to get information-theoretic privacy of communicated data based only on the assumption that the channel from sender to receiver is noisier than the one from sender to adversary. The secrecy capacity is the optimal (highest possible) rate of a secure scheme, and the existence of schemes achieving it has been shown. For thirty years the ultimate and unreached goal has been to achieve this optimal rate with a scheme that is polynomial-time. (This means both encryption and decryption are proven polynomial time algorithms.) This paper finally delivers such a scheme. In fact it does more. Our scheme not only meets the classical notion of security from the wiretap literature, called MIS-R (mutual information security for random messages) but achieves the strictly stronger notion of semantic security, thus delivering more in terms of security without loss of rate.

  3. Ingen SCM uden e-business

    Møller, Charles

    2003-01-01

    FREMTIDENS FORSYNINGSKÆDE. E-business teknologierne er ved at blive voksne og er nu langt mere tilgængelig end for få år siden. ERP II er et nyt koncept for virksomhedssystemer, der sætter e-business teknologierne på dagsordenen igen. I denne artikel argumenteres for, at e-business er en afgørende...

  4. E-business and small Ghanaian exporters

    Hinson, Robert; Sørensen, Olav Jull

    2006-01-01

    The arfticle aims to investigate the relationship between export intensity and e-business adoption in Ghana. No clear relationship is found among exporters of non-traditional items.......The arfticle aims to investigate the relationship between export intensity and e-business adoption in Ghana. No clear relationship is found among exporters of non-traditional items....

  5. Future E-Business Applications in Education.

    Norris, Donald M.; Olson, Mark A.

    1999-01-01

    Some of the opportunities created by e-business, or electronic commerce, for college teaching and administration are explored, including distributed learning, new forms of payment, new learning materials, academic support tools, administrative support, and new forms of publishing. E-business initiatives for colleges and universities are suggested.…

  6. Cycle e-business: the e-business of Gaz De France; Cycle e-business: l'e-business de Gaz de France

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    This paper deals with the Gaz De France Group position in the e-business context. In terms of e-business, all is done to put Internet at the marketing service. Three examples of Internet sites realization and the future policy are presented. (A.L.B.)

  7. Back to basics with e-business

    Thomas, V.

    2001-07-01

    This article gives examples of the opportunities for traditional power companies offered by e-business in the areas of procurement, collaboration, supply chain management, cataloguing, and auctions. BP's interest in e-business-to-customer (B2C) and e-business-to-business (B2B), the anticipated increase in buying and selling over the web, and increased efficiency for businesses using e-business are discussed. The dramatic increase predicted for the US in online energy trading in a report published by Forrester Research of Cambridge Massachusetts, the development of a collaborative arrangement between 13 leading energy trading firms, and the struggle to gain on-line momentum are considered, along with the PA Consulting Group's criticism of the energy sector for not exploiting fully the potential of e-business and for concentrating on B2C where the gains lie in B2B and business-to-workforce areas.

  8. Back to basics with e-business

    This article gives examples of the opportunities for traditional power companies offered by e-business in the areas of procurement, collaboration, supply chain management, cataloguing, and auctions. BP's interest in e-business-to-customer (B2C) and e-business-to-business (B2B), the anticipated increase in buying and selling over the web, and increased efficiency for businesses using e-business are discussed. The dramatic increase predicted for the US in online energy trading in a report published by Forrester Research of Cambridge Massachusetts, the development of a collaborative arrangement between 13 leading energy trading firms, and the struggle to gain on-line momentum are considered, along with the PA Consulting Group's criticism of the energy sector for not exploiting fully the potential of e-business and for concentrating on B2C where the gains lie in B2B and business-to-workforce areas

  9. Specification of e-business process model for PayPal online payment process using Reo

    Xie, M.

    2005-01-01

    E-business process modeling allows business analysts to better understand and analyze the business processes, and eventually to use software systems to automate (parts of) these business processes to achieve higher profit. To support e-business process modeling, many business process modeling langua

  10. THE ETHICAL IMPLICATIONS OF E-BUSINESS

    Sidonia Otilia Vultur

    2008-01-01

    Without ethics and people’s willingness to live by those ethics, there are chaos and anarchy Ethics in e-business represents merely one particular case of general on-line ethical misdemeanours. The first objective of this paper is that the ethical aspects of e-business represent a pro - blem much wider and more complex than just automated fraud. The development of ethics in e-business is necessary but it will require some time. This development will provide an important educational element wh...

  11. Seeking success in e-business

    Viborg Andersen, Kim; Elliot, Steve; Swatman, Paula;

    This collection of research papers addresses the emerging field of e-commerce and e-business, and presents a number of key contributions as the research fields are maturing. Many of the texts represent cutting-edge research, illustrating the diverse nature of these fields, from conceptual...... frameworks to state-of-the-art implementations. The book includes contributions in areas such as: strategies for implementing e-business; business-2-consumer, business-2-business; internet marketing; evaluation tools for e-business; implications for SMEs; mobile commerce; trust; distributed knowledge...... management; and dot.com-driven business transformations. The volume comprises the edited proceedings of the Second Working Conference on E-Business: Multidisciplinary Research and Practice, which was sponsored by the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP), Working Group 8.4, as well...

  12. Cost advantages with integrated e-business solutions; Kostenvorteile durch integrierte E-Business-Loesungen

    Koch, M.; Baier, D. [BTU Cottbus (Germany). Marketing und Innovationsmanagement

    2003-02-01

    A practical example is presented to illustrate the cost saving potential of integrated e-business systems, with short-term returns on the investment cost. [German] Untersuchungen an einem praktischen Beispiel zeigen erhebliche Einsparungspotenziale durch solche integrierten E-Business-Systeme, wobei sich bei deren Einsatz die anfallenden Kosten schnell amortisieren. (orig.)

  13. SURVEY ON E-BUSINESS MODELS

    M.S.SALEEM BASHA,; P.DHAVACHELVAN

    2011-01-01

    In the turbulence of internet and e-business, company can only survey with the periodical reinventing their ebusiness models, because business model of a firm can only capture the snap shot of the current value chain. This snap shot cannot survive longer with their competitors. Companies must decide how and when to implement e-business model. The choice should be based on an overall assessment that includes an evaluation of costs and benefits and well-defined goals that are dependent on wheth...

  14. Internet Banking and E-business Solutions

    Marković, Vladimir

    2011-01-01

    The essential goal of this thesis is focused on developing of online banking and terms as e-Business, e-Commerce. The thesis is divided into fourth main parts. The first deals with the theoretical definition of e-business, e-commerce, e-markets, and statistical data about internet users all around world. In the second part are definitions about online banking and their types. The third part is the analysis of the service called InternetBanking 24 provided by ČSOB Bank and my experience of usi...

  15. eBusiness Maturity and Regional Development

    Beynon-Davies, P.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes the experience of a major research centre supporting knowledge transfer in the area of eCommerce to SMEs. It debates with issues surrounding the integration of academic research with practical support to the SME community. For this purpose the use of an eBusiness framework as a platform for eBusiness maturity assessment is proposed. These devices are seen as key to the work of research centres such as ours in addressing the future challenges for smeeBusiness.

  16. eBusiness Maturity and Regional Development

    Beynon-Davies, P.

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes the experience of a major research centre supporting knowledge transfer in the area of eCommerce to SMEs. It debates with issues surrounding the integration of academic research with practical support to the SME community. For this purpose the use of an eBusiness framework as a platform for eBusiness maturity assessment is proposed. These devices are seen as key to the work of research centres such as ours in addressing the future challenges for smeeBusiness.

  17. Pengembangan Model e-Business di Indonesia

    H. Mohammad Subekti

    2014-01-01

    Problems in building e-business is the number of influential factors that really should be considered in the design, especially from the aspect of a relatively bad infrastructure in Indonesia. By doing appropriate design, it can at least reduce the impact due to various shortcomings that exist, it is intended that the users are able to surf comfortably and safely in a business website in cyberspace. In managing e-Business, there are business models that can be done by the businessman in the v...

  18. E-Business: The Business Officer's Business.

    Olson, Mark A.

    2001-01-01

    Contends e-business is particularly the domain of college and university business officers, with today's officers facing an unprecedented opportunity to exercise a critical leadership role in the deployment of advanced information technology solutions on campus. Describes relevant issues and advances, and presents ten initiatives that business…

  19. Business Models For Transport eBusiness

    Dragan Cisic; Ivan Franciskovic; Ana Peric

    2003-01-01

    In this paper authors are presenting expectations from electronic commerce and its connotations on transport logistics. Based on trends, the relations between the companies in the international transport have to be strengthened using Internet business models. In the paper authors are investigating e-business information models for usage in transport

  20. Pengembangan Model e-Business di Indonesia

    H. Mohammad Subekti

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Problems in building e-business is the number of influential factors that really should be considered in the design, especially from the aspect of a relatively bad infrastructure in Indonesia. By doing appropriate design, it can at least reduce the impact due to various shortcomings that exist, it is intended that the users are able to surf comfortably and safely in a business website in cyberspace. In managing e-Business, there are business models that can be done by the businessman in the virtual world, but the e-Business models vary according to the character and culture of each region. What e-Business models are suitable to be applied in Indonesia, according to the character and culture of Indonesia, as well as the ability of the existing infrastructure will be described in this article. One solution is the utilization of social networking that is widely used, even though there are positive and negative sides of it. Then, what kinds of advantages are gained, in both for managing the site and as well as benefits for the customers.

  1. Expanding the Enterprise Exports by E-business

    Hongxin Li; Weihe Duan

    2010-01-01

    With unexampled advantages, E-business has developed quickly, and enterprises should have to grasp thisopportunity. At present, the problems about expanding the enterprise exports by E-business mainly include thatthe innovation of international trade enterprise mode in the E-business environment is deficient, theinformationization level of enterprise should be further enhanced, the senior E-business talents are deficient, andthe support system of E-business should be further perfected. Theref...

  2. E-Business And Change Management Process

    Dijana Kovacevic

    2010-01-01

    E-business brings with it fundamental changes in the process of doing business, organization and management. In this paper the new company's performance and management challenges in the modern, electronic environment. The phenomenon of new ways pslovanja and management increasingly is a prerequisite for successful business in the global market, increasing competition and the use of new resources that information technology provides. The process of management in electronic environment develop ...

  3. Oil refinery industry and E-business

    NONE

    2000-04-01

    With an expansion of infrastructure and rapid increase of internet use due to the development of information and telecommunication technology, the world is reorganizing to a unlimited competition era without boundaries. In this study, it examines a change of economic paradigm and E-business. Moreover it studies on a paradigm of e-commerce and our reactions and it discusses a revision of law, expansion of infrastructure and activating plans for e-commerce.

  4. Demand sensing in e-business

    K Ravikumar; Atul Saroop; H K Narahari; Pankaj Dayama

    2005-04-01

    In this paper, we identify various models from the optimization and econometrics literature that can potentially help sense customer demand in the e-business era. While modelling reality is a difficult task, many of these models come close to modelling the customer’s decision-making process. We provide a brief overview of these techniques, interspersing the discussion occasionally with a tutorial introduction of the underlying concepts.

  5. Connected Future; E-business in balans

    Kouwenhoven, Vincent; Reep, Frans van der

    2004-01-01

    In het begin van deze rede schetsen we aan de hand van voorbeelden het individuele, het business en het maatschappelijk perspectief van Internet. We laten zien hoe ver Internet al is doorgedrongen in ons privé en in ons openbare leven. In bijna alle maatschappelijke rollen die u speelt komt u inmiddels Internet tegen. Dat is spannend. Dan ontstaat er dus een nieuw evolutionair proces waarin de meest aangepaste aan Internet en E-business maximaal profiteert. Dat geldt voor individuen, organisa...

  6. Evolutionary patterns in e-business strategy

    Cagliano, Raffaella; Caniato, Federico; GOLINI, RUGGERO; KALCHSCHMIDT, MATTEO GIACOMO MARIA; Spina, Gianluca

    2007-01-01

    In 2003 we investigated the level of adoption of e-business by manufacturing firms in Europe, identifying four strategies and analyzing them in terms of contingent factors and supply chain integration mechanisms. In this paper we replicate those analyses using the new release of the International Manufacturing Strategy Survey (IMSS IV), comparing new results with old ones. Data collected in Europe within IMSS III and IMSS IV are used. In particular, we cluster companies according to e-busines...

  7. Automating Support for E-Business Contracts

    Linington, Peter F.

    2005-01-01

    If e-business contracts are to be widely used, they need to be supported by the IT infrastructure of the organizations concerned. This implies that the interactions between systems in different organizations must be guided by the contract and there must be sufficiently strong checks and balances to ensure that the contract is in fact obeyed. This includes facilities for the unbiased monitoring of correct behaviour and the reporting of exceptions. One of the ways to provide this support is to ...

  8. SURVEY ON E-BUSINESS MODELS

    M.S.SALEEM BASHA,

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available In the turbulence of internet and e-business, company can only survey with the periodical reinventing their ebusiness models, because business model of a firm can only capture the snap shot of the current value chain. This snap shot cannot survive longer with their competitors. Companies must decide how and when to implement e-business model. The choice should be based on an overall assessment that includes an evaluation of costs and benefits and well-defined goals that are dependent on whether the decision was based on businessor strategic criteria. In this paper we surveyed the e-business model of various authors. Dell, Cisco and Bata are the three revolutionary new business models of business to business e-commerce models that have come out for the successful business. However, these models are not appropriate for every organization. In addition to these new paradigms for individual firms, other changes in business-to-business e-commerce are occurring that are revolutionizing the traditional paradigms.

  9. Data mining for the e-business: developments and directions

    Grasso, Alfred; Sleeper, Harry; Thuraisingham, Bhavani M.; Guo, Yike

    2000-04-01

    This paper describes data mining and e-business and then shows how data mining may be applied to e-business to gather consumer/supplier intelligence so that targeted marketing and merchandising may be carried out.

  10. E - Business from Islamic Perspectives: Prospects and Challenges

    Hanudin Amin

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to examine e - business from Islamic perspectives. Among topics to be addressed in this paper, are e - business concepts, the legality of e - business from an Islamic point of view, prospects and challenge s of Islamic e - business in a Malaysia context. This study introduces an Islamic e - business concept in addition to some interesting issues that can be found in this paper . In Islam, e - business is a permissible mean s of doing business provided it is performe d in the boundary of Shariah Islamiyyah. More importantly, Islamic e - business provides services as permitted in the religion of Islam , in which they are deceit - free transaction s and also free from gharar in a business transaction. All in all, t his study pr ovides fresh results of Islamic e - business, its prospects and challenges.

  11. Security and Trust in e-Business: Problems and Prospects

    Manivannan Senthil Velmurugan

    2009-01-01

    Electronic Business (e-Business) is revolutionizing the way of communication between internal and external stakeholders in an organization. E-business can lead to competitive advantage and at the same time, increase profitability. There are several factors resulting on the success of e-business. One of the most important factors is trust. Acquiring customers’ trust depends on many things that an e-business controls. Some relating factors for gainingcustomers’ trust are: appeal of the website,...

  12. The 2008 European e-Business Readiness Index

    Tarantola, Stefano; Castaings, William

    2009-01-01

    This report shows the scores of the 2008 e-business readiness index for European enterprises. The 2008 e-business readiness index, evaluated using data from the 2007 ICT enterprise survey carried out by Eurostat, is a useful mechanism for comparing e-business adoption and use by firms in the various European countries. The e-business readiness index measures the ICT adoption by enterprises using 6 indicators and measures ICT use by enterprises using another 6 indicators. The report describes...

  13. Success factors affecting E-business:case Taobao

    Fang, X.

    2015-01-01

    E-business has aroused great concern and become a hot topic in both information technology and business field. With many companies’ success in doing e-business, there are also abundant of failure cases. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the success factors that can affect e-business so as to provide beneficial guidance to companies. Virtually, many researchers have also studied e-business relating to its success from different perspectives and in various areas. However, ...

  14. eBusiness in Pakistan: Opportunities and Threats

    Ghulam Muhammad Kundi; Bahadar Shah

    2007-01-01

    Several studies of eBusiness in developing countries have emphasized the influence of obstacles related to PCs-penetration, cultural and economical infrastructure, and regulatory environment as major determinants of eBusiness success. IT has revolutionized the way organizations conduct business round the globe. Now business is conducted online (eBusiness) instead of conventional means. In Pakistan, eBusiness is facing both technical and non-technical issues from m...

  15. Modern payment systems in e-business

    Siedková, Iva

    2011-01-01

    The thesis “Modern payment systems in e-business” is divided into five main chapters. Introduction defines e-money in the Czech Republic, and is followed by the objectives and methodology of this thesis. The literature overview deals with online payment systems used currently in the Czech Republic and also abroad. Further, the literature overview provides the basic concepts of e-money and e-business, Internet payment protocols and payment options for e-money. There are many electronic payment...

  16. Recovery Management of Long Running eBusiness Transactions

    Ulmala, Minna

    2012-01-01

    eBusiness collaboration and an eBusiness process are introduced as a context of a long running eBusiness transaction. The nature of the eBusiness collaboration sets requirements for the long running transactions. The ACID properties of the classical database transaction must be relaxed for the eBusiness transaction. Many techniques have been developed to take care of the execution of the long running business transactions such as the classical Saga and a business transaction model (BTM) of th...

  17. Modeling e-Business with eBML

    Alexander Osterwalder; Yves Pigneur; Sarra Ben Lagha

    2002-01-01

    In this paper we demonstrate that modeling e-business strategies is important in a time where the first e-business disillusionment has taken place. The objective of this Paper is twofold. First we propose a theoretical e-business model framework (eBMF) for aligning e-business initiatives and projects. This framework rep-resents an ontology, which will allow firms to develop a sound e-business model, in an environment that is amongst other things characterized by new forms of network organizat...

  18. e-Business Innovation: The Next Decade

    Marca, David A.

    Innovation is invention or application of technologies or theories that radically alters business and the economy. For many years, innovation and the economy have been locked in 80-year cycles, which might imply that innovation is an economic driver, and vice versa. Based on this, some forecast that innovation and the economy might decrease sharply due to several forces: a) decreasing economic growth, b) increasing demand for custom services, c) more entrepreneurial work environments, and d) urban and environmental degradation. Should such forecasts hold true, business may need to alter its offerings, operations and organization to survive. Such a scenario may also require applied e-Business innovation by combining existing internet, wireless, broadband, and video technologies. One possible result: flexible front offices integrated with efficient back offices. Such an e-Business could comprise: a) a customer-based and transaction-based organization, b) functions for adaptive offerings that anticipate need, c) highly responsive, real-time, operations having no inventory, and d) value-based front-end, and automated back-end, decision making.

  19. E-business strategy in China: Internet pioneers vs pragmatists

    Hinton, Matthew; TAO, YAN

    2014-01-01

    This research addresses how Chinese companies develop strategies that support e-business enabled value creation. Nine in-depth cases studies are undertaken across three distinct industries (housing development, manufacturing, and B2C retail) using an integrated strategy framework that combines value chain theory with the resource-based view (RBV). The findings highlight some of the key characteristics of e-business strategy formulation, as well as how e-business value creation features differ...

  20. An Exploratory Study of E-Business Success Factors

    LI Jingting; HUANG Jinghua

    2004-01-01

    E-business success factors are important for traditional enterprises to implement e-business. This topic is attracting more and more researchers to study. This paper makes an exploratory study on the factors influencing e-business success. Firstly, based on the literature review, 52 factors are suggested. Secondly, two rounds of survey with Delphi method are conducted. Qualitative and quantitative analysis are used to identify 57factors. This is the foundation of empirical study.

  1. Managing security in an e-business environment

    Davcev, Ljupco

    2009-01-01

    Technological developments over the past few years have made significant contributions to securing the Internet for e-business. Ensuring security for e-business information exchange is essential as it entails exchange of sensitive information. E-business transactions entail transfer of funds with buyers, sellers and business partners. Vulnerabilities and security incidents in the digital environment require an understanding of technology issues and security challenges for privacy and trust...

  2. Incorporating the knowledge management cycle in e-business

    O, Ying-Lie; Gordijn, Jaap; Akkermans, Hans

    2001-01-01

    In e-business, knowledge can be extracted from the recorded information by intelligent data analysis and then utilised in the business transaction. E-knowledge is a foundation for e-business. E-business can be supported by an intelligent information system that provides intelligent business process support and advanced support of the e-knowledge management cycle. Knowledge is stored as knowledge models that can be updated in the e-knowledge management cycle. As illustrated in examples, the e-...

  3. E-Business and Distribution Channel Strategies in Agribusiness Industries

    Henderson, Jason R.; Dooley, Frank J.; Akridge, Jay T.; Boehlje, Michael

    2001-01-01

    The explosion of e-business activity presents many challenges to manufacturers, distributors, and dealers as they select a distribution channel for the delivery of products, services, and information. The expected growth in Internet sales by agribusiness firms is analyzed to provide insight into the selection of an e-business distribution channel. Agribusiness firm managers were surveyed regarding the application and perceived impacts of e-business activity on their firm's operations. Firm ch...

  4. An Agricultural Product E-Business System: Case of Khat E-business in Kenya

    Solomon Mwanjele MWAGHA, Hilda Kangai Ntong‟ondu

    2014-01-01

    With the consistent increase in level of economic constrains which was as a result of the rapidly increasing travelling costs in Kenya among others, businessmen are eager to come up with various ways to cub financial problems. The night travel ban had really caused a tactic problem to business men in Kenya. People used to travel during the night, perform their activities during the day and go back again over night. The development of (Agribusiness Products E-businesses System) APEBS enabled t...

  5. Developing e-Business Capabilities to Bridge the Knowledge Divide in Mediterranean Countries

    Secundo, Giustina; Elia, Gianluca; Margherita, Alessandro; Passiante, Giuseppina

    This paper presents the results achieved in terms of e-business capabilities developed in an International Master framed within an Euro-Medi-terranean cooperation. In particular, an e-Business Design Laboratory is here described which has been set up for designing and implementing innovative solutions to bring digital and organizational innovation in traditional and new industries. The most significant highlights of the last two editions of the Master are also reported in terms of the human, social and structural capital being generated.

  6. BARRIERS IN IMPLEMENTATION OF E-BUSINESS TECHNOLOGIES IN SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES (SMEs IN PAKISTAN

    Anwar Ali Shah G. SYED

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The current research investigates the Barriers in implementation of E-Business Technologies in Small and Medium enterprises (SMEs in Pakistan. Data were collected from 2000 respondents by using simple random technique. A structural questionnaire was developed for the data collection and reliability and validity of data. It was revealed that most of the SMEs business owners are not familiar in using internet and in many cases they are not computer literate. It was further revealed that Government should provide some basic computer training to the Small and Medium Enterprises so they will able to use computer. The proper implementation of E-Business technologies in SMEs in Pakistan, Government and other related agencies can initiate E-Business in SMEs to achieve competitive edge.

  7. A Semantics-Based Approachfor Achieving Self Fault-Tolerance of Protocols

    李腊元; 李春林

    2000-01-01

    The cooperation of different processes may be lost by mistake when a protocol is executed. The protocol cannot be normally operated under this condition. In this paper, the self fault-tolerance of protocols is discussed, and a semanticsbased approach for achieving self fault-tolerance of protocols is presented. Some main characteristics of self fault-tolerance of protocols concerning liveness, nontermination and infinity are also presented. Meanwhile, the sufficient and necessary conditions for achieving self fault-tolerance of protocols are given. Finally, a typical protocol that does not satisfy the self fault-tolerance is investigated, and a new redesign version of this existing protocol using the proposed approach is given.

  8. Brief Analysis of E-business in China Southern Airlines

    刘航; 崔涛; 焦斌

    2007-01-01

    The rapid growth of internet is causing another industrial revolution. Developing E-business is necessary for Chinese airlines to keep their competitive advantages. It is quite urgent for China Southern Airlines to enlarge and improve its E-business strategies so that it can consolidate its leading position in this market segment.

  9. Special Issue: Building Your Career Development e-Business.

    Career Planning and Adult Development Journal, 2002

    2002-01-01

    Nine articles in this issue discuss how to develop a career development e-business, how e-business has expanded, creating a successful Web presence, doing business on the Internet, and how to take control of your career and future. (JOW)

  10. E-Business Initiatives in Indonesian Manufacturing SMEs

    Singgih Saptadi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The role of information technology (IT in improving companies’ competitiveness, including small and medium enterprises (SMEs, has been widely accepted. But, the IT investment will be in vain, if SMEs do not align their business and IT. There is a need to develop a framework of business-IT alignment. The framework development requires an understanding of the patterns of IT implementation in supporting SMEs’ business (e-business initiatives. This paper presents an empirical study on e-business initiatives in Indonesian manufacturing SMEs. The study uses 41 business processes that are grouped into three business focuses: supplier side, internal side and customer side. Based on the complexity of IT support to business processes, supplier side score, internal side score, customer side score and global score can be calculated. These scores are used to develop e-business initiative groups by using cluster analysis. After validated using discriminant analysis, the cluster analysis gives five e-business initiatives. First initiative is e-business implementation in three sides of business focuses, although in the early stage. Second initiative is IT implementation with internal side focus. Third initiative is e-business with customer side focus. The fourth is initiative that focuses on internal and customer side. The last is e-business initiative that balances and extends IT implementation on the three sides of business focuses. Then, this paper explains the differences between e-business initiatives.

  11. PENILAIAN PEMANFAATAN TEKNOLOGI E-BUSINESS PADA INDUSTRI UMKM

    Noerlina N

    2013-11-01

    adoption of innovations indicates that it has been realized, done, evaluated and adopted as a whole. Therefore, it is necessary to perform an assessment on what extent of e-business application that has been done by reviewing the readiness of MSME industries and the aspects of the utilization of information and communication technology (ICT by MSMEs particularly of those located in Jabodetabek. The purpose of this assessment is to get an overview, status and position of the support of implementation of e-business owned and how the adoption process of e-business application can run in Jabodetabek. With the assessment of e-business technology use, we expect the planning, implementation and control of programs as well as the implementation of e-business can be conducted more directedly and controlled.

  12. Information Security Audit in e-business applications

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Electronic business (e-business are different than other business because it involves any commercial or business activity that takes place by means of electronic facilities (buy and selling online, including on the Internet, proprietary networks and home banking, instead of through direct physical exchange or contact. This system creates an environment that operates at a much greater speed than traditional methods and involves much less paper–based evidence of activities. These e-business related risks should not be considered in isolation but rather as part of the overall internal control framework of an entity. It is essential to identify and assess the risks associated with an e-business environment and management should develop an e-business strategy that identifies and addresses risks. The e-business Information Systems (IS audit is a critical component of the e-business plan. This paper tries to present a risk analysis for e-business applications in order to establish the IS audit particularities in this field.

  13. eBusiness in Pakistan: Opportunities and Threats

    Ghulam Muhammad Kundi

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Several studies of eBusiness in developing countries have emphasized the influence of obstacles related to PCs-penetration, cultural and economical infrastructure, and regulatory environment as major determinants of eBusiness success. IT has revolutionized the way organizations conduct business round the globe. Now business is conducted online (eBusiness instead of conventional means. In Pakistan, eBusiness is facing both technical and non-technical issues from management perspectives. A huge body of research is going on to unfold the key issues of eBusiness. This paper focuses on the key components of each of the above ment ioned issues e.g. cultural issues i.e. language, shopping habits, and use of credit etc. The primary data collected through structured questionnaires was analyzed and tested through correlation, regressions’ analysis and t-test. It has been found that all independent variables: economic, political, business, cultural and marketing is mutually correlated and has significant impact on shaping and reshaping of eBusiness in Pakistan. Moreover, management implications along with possible solutions to the barriers of eBusiness in Pakistan are presented.

  14. E-Business Modeling : A Case Study with IKEA

    Karabatak, Pinar; Ndobegang, Anyinke Nkongtendem; Amankwaah, Kingsley Kwabena

    2006-01-01

    E-business modeling is a concept that has several components and can be designed based on different combinations of them. Furthermore, it is a concept that is vulnerable to changes as it is associated with technology, which is developing rapidly day by day. By con-ducting this research on 1) how the companies are managing changes in a competitive envi-ronment by means of adjusting their e-business models, and 2) if there are any compo-nent(s) of e-business model(s) that has more importance th...

  15. A CREDIT EVALUATION IN E-BUSINESS THROUGH GAME THEORY

    XIAOHONG LIU; DA RUAN; TIANRUI LI

    2007-01-01

    The security of both technical and trade credit factors becomes a serious bottleneck that affects the current development of e-business. Honest behavior is one of the important aspects of trade credit safety. It is a vital step to establish and maintain a safe credit system. In this paper, we analyze the characteristic of the credit in e-business and establish a motivation model that violates honest behavior in e-business. We evaluate the credit, the mode of evaluation and the behavior of the...

  16. E-Business Barriers in Iran's Free Trade Zones

    Mohammad A. Sarlak; Asghar A. Hastiani

    2008-01-01

    Currently there are 24 free trade and special economic zones in Iran. Problem Statement: of these zones is lack of e-business and this is in spite of managements' desire to have proper infrastructure for e-business in these zones. The goal of this study is to determine and explain e-business barriers in free trade and special economic zones in Iran. Approach: Our approach in this study is based-on Delphi method. We used Delphi method to conduct our study and chose 25 members for our Delphi pa...

  17. Knowledge Representation in the Context of E-business Applications

    Simona Elena Varlan

    2010-01-01

    The article emphasizes the theoretical principles of knowledge representation. The paper also tries to show how to represent knowledge in the context of e-business applications creating a
    tagging platform for economic knowledge using SKOS language.

  18. JIM CORGEL GM, e-business Hosting Services, IBMGlobal Services

    JANKOT

    2004-01-01

    To many Chinese enterprises, e-business hosting services - IT resource consolidation and automation - are still a relatively new concept. The general concern is one related to the security of data as companies outsource the manage-ment of their IT environment. Jim Corgel,general manager of IBM Global Services'e-business hosting services, admits that it takes education to convince the potential users of the value of hosting services. Here he shares his thoughts on this latest innovation with CIB.

  19. Modeling Collaborative e-Business Processes in SME environments

    Hoyer, Volker

    2008-01-01

    Introducing process orientation to overcome the functional-oriented organizational structure was the main concern within enterprise during the last decade. The next wave of process-oriented enterprises deals with cross-organization business processes characterized by high automation effort and supported by a wide penetration of e-Business technologies. In this work, we analyze the requirements of modeling collaborative e-Business processes taking into account the specific challenges Small and...

  20. E. BUSINESS QUALITY: DEFINITION AND DIFFERENCE BETWEEN VALUE AND QUALITY

    Gintarė Gulevičiūtė

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – to analyze definitions of e. business value and e. business quality, distinguish the main differences. Design/methodology/approach – there had been used scientific literature deduction (drawing conclusions from the available information), analysis (obtained data analyzed separately), analogy (comparison of data with each other), generalization (the main features complex generalization), induction (from individual elements went to a general conclusion), comparison methods. Find...

  1. Market research on luxury e-business in China

    Zhang, Xin

    2012-01-01

    The thesis aims to gain an understanding of situation of luxury goods e-market in China. Meanwhile, based on commissioner's research objective, the scope of this study is particularly focus on advantage and disadvantage of luxury e-business in China, then try to scheme out an effective business model when building a luxury e-business in China. The research methods used in this thesis are desktop research and observation research. The author collected relevant data from research papers and...

  2. SMEs Performance: Leveraging Marketing Process Through E-Business

    Malliga Marimuthu; Azizah Omar; RAMAYAH, T.; Osman Mohamad

    2012-01-01

    The importance of the Internet in supporting business applications and attaining competitive advantage through the electronic business (e-business) process is widely acknowledged. However, many SMEs have been slow in adopting the Internet and even those SMEs that have adopted the technology have not fully utilized it to support their business applications. The reason behind this scenario could be the lack of awareness concerning the necessity and possibility of adopting e-business for specifi...

  3. Some Economical and Informational Aspects of the e-Business

    Zenon Biniek

    2007-01-01

    In the article, it has undertaken the task of describing the most important economic and information processing aspects of the e-business. It has shown contemplation for the topic of effects, which can occur in case with current initiating electronic nets of distribution and related with this, net business (Webeconomics). Besides it has included the set of postulates, which, information system technology must be implement, to equal e-business challenges. It has shown group of features of rich...

  4. Information Security Audit in e-business applications

    Floarea NASTASE; Pavel NASTASE; Sova, Robert

    2007-01-01

    Electronic business (e-business) are different than other business because it involves any commercial or business activity that takes place by means of electronic facilities (buy and selling online), including on the Internet, proprietary networks and home banking, instead of through direct physical exchange or contact. This system creates an environment that operates at a much greater speed than traditional methods and involves much less paper–based evidence of activities. These e-business...

  5. E-Business Barriers in Iran's Free Trade Zones

    Mohammad A. Sarlak

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Currently there are 24 free trade and special economic zones in Iran. Problem Statement: of these zones is lack of e-business and this is in spite of managements' desire to have proper infrastructure for e-business in these zones. The goal of this study is to determine and explain e-business barriers in free trade and special economic zones in Iran. Approach: Our approach in this study is based-on Delphi method. We used Delphi method to conduct our study and chose 25 members for our Delphi panel, who were given the outcomes of literature review. We asked the panel group to rank the barriers by importance and provide any other problems or issues they found during their studies. Results: The result of four rounds of Delphi panels declared five main barriers for implementing e-business in the regions including: Infrastructural barriers, Property rights issues, Mistrust in E- payments, financial barriers and Shortage of IT skills. Conclusions/Recommendations: We concluded that to implement e-business in the Iranian free zones and special economical districts, there are some infrastructure requirements such as high speed internet, wide internet band, proper laws and regulations; so that small and medium size enterprises (SMEs could utilize e-business.

  6. Prefeasibility study of a e-business application for the energy wood markets

    Finland has a national target to increase the use of forest based energy from current 0.8 million m3/a to 5 million m3 /a by 2010. Realisation of the target will depend on the functionality of the energy wood markets. The objective of the prefeasibility study is to identify the best e-business applications for energy wood markets in order to achieve the targeted forest energy level by 2010. (orig.)

  7. Enhancing Customer Service Operations in E-Business: The Emotional Dimension

    David Barnes; R. Halloway

    2005-01-01

    In today’s increasingly competitive markets, greater emphasis is being placed on customer service as a means of achieving competitive advantage. Many organizations believe that e-business can provide opportunities to improve customer service operations by enabling them to get closer to the customer and enhance the organization-to-customer contact experience. However, use of the Internet fundamentally changes the nature of the customer contact experience. This article investigates this pheno...

  8. INTEGRATION OF E-BUSINESS WITH ERP SYSTEMS

    Prof. Pramod Kumar

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available It is very important for the businesses in our country to understand the concepts and terms of e-business and to start applying them. In the 1990's, ERP systems were introduced to fulfill some of the technological requirements across functional areas within a corporate boundary. Moreover, with the exponential growth of Internet technology and the emergence of e-business, the focus of ERP systems has changed from an integrated functional focus within an organization to one reaching outside the organization throughout the value chain system. It is expected that an ERP system can facilitate an e-business effort of an organization. In order to serve as a platform for e-business, an ERP system must also be able to be extended to support a range of external constituents for a firm. The process must involve an investigation of ERP technological factors along with any other emerging Enterprise Systems solution of the firm. This article offer a short but concise perspective about ERP systems used today in e-business all over the world.

  9. A Study on Integrating Business Intelligence into E-Business

    Sim Sheng Hooi

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available With the high speed of development in the information technology area, many organizations use the Internet in their businesses instead of traditional "brick and mortar" physical stores. With the rapid spread of the Internet, people can access the web easily anywhere and anytime without barriers of time or space. However, a lot of data collected from global and local e-businesses is complex and unstructured and thus of limited use. Business intelligence tools could be used to extract accurate and useful information about future forecasts, business patterns, and business decision making. This paper provides a high level view of business intelligence and its benefits in e-business. Methods of adopting business intelligence are studied and examples of current market business intelligence tools are given in order to give a better idea of business intelligence usage in e-business.

  10. Intelligent Model for Measuring Organization Maturity in E-Business

    Sadra Ahmadi

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available E-Business is one of the most fascinating areas of information Technology. Managers should seek out means for making decision towards optimizing resource development in this area in order to control their expense and capital allocations at a higher, strategic level. To do this, manager must first identify their level of e-business development and plan to improve the status quo by identifying factors contributing to the growth in this approach. The present paper aims to construct and develop intelligent models for determining the organization status quo and management decision-making towards improving the situation using fuzzy [logic] tools. Thus for modeling these factors and their impact, the contributing factors in development of e-business approaches were identified by literature survey. These were later categorized using Delphi Method. Furthermore the FCM model was used to graphically illustrate the causal relationships among factors, including the mode and means of their mutual impact.

  11. The value chain and e-business in exporting

    Hinson, Robert

    2010-01-01

    Ghana's Non-traditional Export (NTE) sector. The two export firms profiled were from the private and governmental/public sectors of Ghana's NTE sector. Design/methodology/approach: The paper adopted a case study approach. This approach was chosen in view of its ability to contribute to deep and detailed...... analysed thematically. Findings: Across the various value chain activities, the private sector firm showed deeper e-business use concentration than the governmental export organization. More importantly, across the two cases, the value chain activities of export organizations in developing economies that...... could be most strategically leveraged using e-business are customer service, sales and marketing, operations, logistics and procurement, in that order. Originality/value: The study is one of a few studies that aim to build on the existing value chain theories in relation to e-business. This study...

  12. Evaluating E-business in IT company : ATR Soft Oy

    Franc, Eric

    2014-01-01

    The internet is now at an age where company can’t ignore having their products and services advertised on this channel. Internet is becoming a new way to gain and attract customers. The objective of this study is to evaluate if implementation of E-business could be viable for an IT software company. This study was commissioned by ATR Soft Oy and it begins with an overview of the company business model and product line. The theory section examines frameworks regarding E-business transforma...

  13. A Survey of Current e-Business (E-Government)

    Don Vance Kerr; Kay Bryant; Nancy Tsai

    2008-01-01

    The Internet is a dynamic part of the business scene and there have been many examples of success and failures of e-commerce and e-business ventures. A survey was administered asking questions about industries understanding of current e-business (e-government) practices in Australia. The object of the survey was to provide a benchmark of current practice. The results of this survey could have a major impact on academic curricula. The survey was sent to 671 Australian Businesses and was ad...

  14. Mobile information management in E-business - with case study

    Zhang, Yanchao

    2010-01-01

    This report carries on write according to the background of Business of information system and ICT management; making use of this MEB management system can be convenient for our needs. The main idea of this report is to discuss the advantages and disadvantages about MEB and the difference between E-business and MEB, by study the bank case(such as KBC bank) , we will focuses on E- payment in MEB, what will be the future evolution in e business on point of IT Mobile architecture. And we wil...

  15. Some Economical and Informational Aspects of the e-Business

    Zenon Biniek

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available In the article, it has undertaken the task of describing the most important economic and information processing aspects of the e-business. It has shown contemplation for the topic of effects, which can occur in case with current initiating electronic nets of distribution and related with this, net business (Webeconomics. Besides it has included the set of postulates, which, information system technology must be implement, to equal e-business challenges. It has shown group of features of rich internet application.

  16. E-Business Developmental Issues in the Australian Food Industry

    Mohini Singh

    2004-01-01

    This paper discusses e-business developmental issues in the Australian Food industry that were identified from a research project funded by the Australian Research Council. Data was gathered from interviews with 11 food organisations in the year 2000, most of which can be classified as ‘bricks and clicks’. These 11 companies were traditional businesses that had adopted e-business as a new way of doing business. The findings of the paper highlight the fact that the B2B is the predominant e-bu...

  17. A Survey on E-Business and Its Privacy

    Sarita Kumari

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available E-business (Electronic Business is the conduct of business process on the Internet. These electronic business processes include buying and selling products, supplies and services, servicing customers, processing payments, managing production control, collaborating with business partners, sharing information, running automated employee services, recruiting and more. E-business is using technology to improve the business processes.  This includes managing internal processes such as human resources, financial and administration systems, as well as external processes such as sales and marketing, supply of goods and services and customer relationship. Commerce constitutes the exchange of products and services between businesses, groups and individuals. Electronic commerce focuses on the use of ICT(Information and Communication Technology to enable the external activities and relationships of the business or e-business refers to business with the help of internet network. Internet is the primary medium for conducting e-business is by design an open non-secure medium. Since the original purpose of the Internet was not for commercial purposes, it is not designed to handle secure transactions.E-business (Electronic Business is the conduct of business process on the Internet. These electronicbusiness processes include buying and selling products, supplies and services, servicing customers, processingpayments, managing production control, collaborating with business partners, sharing information, runningautomated employee services, recruiting and more. E-business is using technology to improve the businessprocesses. This includes managing internal processes such as human resources, financial and administrationsystems, as well as external processes such as sales and marketing, supply of goods and services and customerrelationship. Commerce constitutes the exchange of products and services between businesses, groups andindividuals. Electronic commerce

  18. Electronic commerce and e-business in Romania

    Olimpia State; Ion Costache

    2007-01-01

    With the accessibility growth to the Internet, the Electronic Commerce (EC) captured the interest of individual consumers and commercial societies from everywhere. The discussions are about the creation of a new business model (e-business, e-commerce) through the Internet that radically change their efficiency by reducing the costs, inclusive in transactions. The e-Business is a term more general than the e-Commerce as it is not limited to selling-purchasing services but also offering on-line...

  19. The effects of e-business on organizational performance

    Afsaneh Derakhshandeh

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Information technology plays an important role in increasing organizational cooperation both inside an organization and among different firms. In fact, may organizations have shared information though the recent advances of information technology and they have been able to increase the performance of their organizations, significantly. In this paper, we present an empirical study to investigate the relationship between e-business and intra and extra organizational cooperation. The results indicate that e-business directly increase intra organizational performance, indirectly increase organizational cooperation. Extra organizational performance directly increase organization performance, inside cooperation also indirectly influence inside cooperation through extra organization cooperation.

  20. No Downturn Here: Tracking E-Business Programs in Higher Education

    Fusilier, Marcelline; Durlabhji, Subhash

    2003-01-01

    As the fortunes of e-businesses fluctuate, what is the state of e-business educational offerings? The present study attempted to explore this question by investigating the number and nature of e-business programs available in colleges and universities. Results were compared to previously published findings on e-business education. Data were…

  1. Identifying E-Business Model:A Value Chain-Based Analysis

    ZENG Qingfeng; HUANG Lihua

    2004-01-01

    E-business will change the ways that all companies do business, and most traditional businesses will evolve from their current business model to a combination of place and space via e-business model To choose the proper e-business model becomes the important strategic concern for company to succeed The main objective of this paper is to investigate the analysis framework for identifying e-business model Based on the e-business process, from the value chain to the value net perspective. This paper provides a theoretical framework for identifying e-business models, and results in 11 e-business models. The strategic intend of every e-business model is discussed in the end of this paper. An enterprise e-business model design and implementation can be specified by the combination of one or more among 11 e-business models.

  2. E-business, e-health, e-hospitals.

    Ellis, D; Schonfeld, P J

    2001-01-01

    Many of the major forces of change impacting health care today have technological underpinnings, and many of the less desirable impacts may have technological solutions. Two related technological forces are transacting business, online (e-business) and delivering health care online (e-health). PMID:11467126

  3. The E-business Revolution and Human Performance.

    Harmon, Paul

    2001-01-01

    Provides an overview of the electronic business (e-business) revolution and suggests ways it will affect human performance improvement professionals. Highlights include customer reliance on the Web; use of the Internet and associated software to link employees, applications, and companies; information access and sharing; business-to-consumer and…

  4. New Forms of E-Business Based Value Creation?

    Henten, Anders; Skouby, Knud Erik

    the usage of information and communication technologies and solutions. It is concluded that in spite of unfounded assumptions in important areas, there are also sane and reasonable elements in management theories on e-business implications, and that the technological and economic realities behind...

  5. Jasmine2000 the Comprehemsive e-Business Solution

    2001-01-01

    @@Fujitsu presents the next generation of infomation management software Solution for the e-Business era.Jasminne2000 based on the leading edge object database technology has the flexibility and robustness to operate successfully in a wide variety of business solution areas and promises to maximize business opportunities.Jasmine2000 technology has proven itself in the fields of Retail

  6. e-Business Models for Financial Services and Internet Banks

    JM. Sahut

    2014-01-01

    Internet is not simply one more distribution channel among the multi-channel strategies used by the financial industry; it is fostering new "e-Business Models" such as Internet-primary banks. However, in spite of its strong development potential, this ty

  7. Monitoring multi-party contracts for E-business

    Xu, L.

    2004-01-01

    "Monitoring multi-party contracts for E-business" investigates the issues involved in the performance of econtract monitoring of business automations in business to business e-commerce environment. A pro-active monitoring contract model and monitoring mechanism have been designed and developed. A ne

  8. Knowledge Representation in the Context of E-business Applications

    Simona Elena Varlan

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The article emphasizes the theoretical principles of knowledge representation. The paper also tries to show how to represent knowledge in the context of e-business applications creating a
    tagging platform for economic knowledge using SKOS language.

  9. Semantic Advertising

    Zamanzadeh, Ben; Ashish, Naveen; Ramakrishnan, Cartic; Zimmerman, John

    2013-01-01

    We present the concept of Semantic Advertising which we see as the future of online advertising. Semantic Advertising is online advertising powered by semantic technology which essentially enables us to represent and reason with concepts and the meaning of things. This paper aims to 1) Define semantic advertising, 2) Place it in the context of broader and more widely used concepts such as the Semantic Web and Semantic Search, 3) Provide a survey of work in related areas such as context matchi...

  10. Fujitsu's E-Business Proposal --Overview of INTERSTAGE Software Platform

    2001-01-01

    The explosive growth of the Internet has caused the new medium tostep past just being another means of communication, and has acted as a catalyst to cause radi cal changes to the nature of business. Amongst the changes, e-Business, which b r ings internet technology to all areas of work in enterprises, is especially acti ve. Many enterprises are showing strong interest the application server adapted internet technology, such as Web and Java, as the new platform for the next gene ration in enterprise computing environments. INTERSTAGE builds on the latest int ernet technology, and is a complete software platform centering on application s erver, which can support the various business applications required for e-Busin ess. In this document we cover the overview of features and functions of INTERSTAGE, and introduce Fujitsu's approach to e-Business through INTERSTAGE.

  11. Project Management v E-business projektech

    Houžvička, Jakub

    2009-01-01

    The bachelor work propose complex procedure of managing e-business projects. It begins in project concept (rights establishment of goals, deadlines, budget and selection of resources), after that follow analyses (market analysis, database analysis, process analysis and analysis of application architecture). Than it continues with process plan (list of tasks to be done and their delegation) and project implementation, at which is closely connected testing (user, security and execution) it ends...

  12. Change of economic paradigm and E-business

    Choi, Tae Chang [Korea Institute for Electronic Commerce, Seoul (Korea)

    2000-04-01

    With an expansion of infrastructure and rapid increase of internet use due to the development of information and telecommunication technology, the world is reorganizing to a unlimited competition era without boundaries. These changes, so called a digital revolution, give influence on the whole lifestyle over every sector and its ripple effect is massive. In this study, it examines a change of economic paradigm and E-business and it discusses on the reactions of business sector.

  13. Improving E-Business Design through Business Model Analysis

    Ilayperuma, Tharaka

    2010-01-01

    To a rapidly increasing degree, traditional organizational structures evolve in large parts of the world towards online business using modern Information and Communication Technology (ICT) capabilities. For efficient applications of inter-organizational information systems, the alignment between business and ICT is a key factor. In this context, business analysis using business modelling can be regarded as a first step in designing economically sustainable e-business solutions. This thesis ex...

  14. Teaching E-Business Online: The Universitas 21 Global Approach

    Wing Lam

    2005-01-01

    Increasingly, universities and other educational institutions are supplementing their traditional campus-based programs with online ones. This paper describes how Universitas 21 Global (U21G), a new online university, has approached the task of teaching e-business as a subject in its online MBA program. Aspects of the pedagogy used by U21G are outlined and the way in which the pedagogy has been applied to the design of the courseware and the student learning experienced is described.

  15. Conector OutSystems para Oracle E-Business Suite

    Soares, Ivan David de Almeida

    2008-01-01

    There is a growing investment by organizations on integrated core financial and resource planning systems. These systems drive key company management decisions on how to improve their operation. The available commercial solutions for these systems include Oracle E-Business Suite. However, this is a generic system, able to support food manufacturing as well as airplane maintenance. It must be configured to fulfill company requirements and only with extended customization, can this platform ada...

  16. Monitoring multi-party contracts for E-business

    Xu, L

    2004-01-01

    "Monitoring multi-party contracts for E-business" investigates the issues involved in the performance of econtract monitoring of business automations in business to business e-commerce environment. A pro-active monitoring contract model and monitoring mechanism have been designed and developed. A new architecture and framework is proposed for pro-active monitorable contracts. This pro-active monitoring contract model is supported by a prototype

  17. Developing a business plan for a startup e-business

    Vu, Khanh

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis is to develop an initial business plan for a startup fashion company that operates on the Internet in the Vietnamese market. To reach the target objective, the thesis first examines e-business from a theoretical perspective and considers its advantages and disadvantages. Secondly, the macro environment of the proposed business is analyzed, namely the country of Vietnam and its e-commerce environment. Finally, the outcome of the thesis is presented in the form of a b...

  18. Agent Based Trust Management in Distributed E-Business Environment

    E.Sathiyamoorthy

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available In e-business environment, Trust Management is an important factor that is necessary for alltransactions. The basic e-business requirements like non-reputation of both trustee and of trustier arefound to be problem arising due to lack of trust information. Many environments use relatively simplemechanism to calculate trust, for example, e-bay is a typical example for reputation based system built oncentralized model of trust. Several frameworks have been designed by researchers based on reputationmodels, but all these mechanisms failed in preventing users from producing false information whilemaking a reputation. Also sufficient information regarding the new users who have just started doingbusiness online is not available.To overcome the drawbacks of the existing system, a new trust management framework isproposed in this paper for a distributed e-business environment. The model offers the merits of previoustrust management systems based on Trusted third parties namely Policy-based and Reputation basedmodels. It also ensures trustworthy business transactions between the business entities and provides amore appropriate trust rating value calculated on the basis of mathematical model taking into accountthe feedback of peers and direct experience and access policy. The implementation using Agents is foundto be more efficient with respect to time and trust calculation when compared to the model which worksunder non Agent environment.

  19. Prefeasibility study of a e-business application for the energy wood markets

    Finland has a national target to increase the use of forest based energy from current 0.8 million m3/a to 5 million m3/a by 2010. Realisation of the target will depend on the functionality of the energy wood markets. The objective of the prefeasibility study is to identify the best e-business applications for energy wood markets in order to achieve the targeted forest energy level by 2010. The prefeasibility study will be ready in November, 2001. (orig.)

  20. Proceedings of the International Conference on e-Business, ICE-B 2008

    Filipe, Joaquim; Marca, David A.; Shishkov, Boris; Sinderen, van, Marten

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of ICE-B 2008, the International Conference on e-Business, is to bring together researchers, engineers and practitioners interested in information systems methods and applications in the context of e-business. e-Business is a research area of growing importance, encompassing several areas of theoretical and practical importance. ICE-B 2008 reports on innovative research work and applications in various areas related to e-Business, including: “Communication and Software Technologie...

  1. Mapping the e-business profile and trends in cost management in the UK construction industry

    Perera, Srinath; Park, Rachael; Udeaja, Chika; Zhou, Lei; Rodrigo, Anushi

    2012-01-01

    The advancement of e-business applications and IT infrastructure has had massive impact on construction business processes over the last decade. The added effects of globalisation coupled with global economic recession have forced businesses to implement e-business applications within their organisations. It is clear in all industries, that e-business technologies have become a key strategic vehicle in improving performance. In Construction, e-business applications complement most of the busi...

  2. Benefit analysis of e-business solutions for utilities; Nutzenbetrachtung von E-Business-Branchenloesungen. Der Online-Weg zu den Privatkunden

    Koch, M.; Baier, D. [Lehrstuhl fuer Marketing und Innovationsmanagement und BTU Cottbus (Germany)

    2003-04-07

    E-Business-applications for internal and external business processes are an often dealt subject. In opposition to that the implementation of E-Business-Systems at the interface to the many private customers are taken only few notice. Even though the implementation requires additional investments utilities could save considerable costs. (orig.) [German] Die Unterstuetzung der internen und externen Geschaeftsprozesse durch E-Business-Systeme ist eine aufgrund ihrer Bedeutung oft behandelte Thematik. Weitgehend unbeachtet blieb bisher der Einsatz von E-Business-Systemen an der Schnittstelle zu den vielen Privatkunden. Trotz zusaetzlich notwendiger Investitionen lassen sich gerade an dieser Stelle hohe Kosten sparen. (orig.)

  3. E-Business Curricula and Cybercrime: A Continuing Error of Omission?

    Fusilier, Marcelline; Penrod, Charlie

    2013-01-01

    The growth of e-business has been accompanied by even faster increases in losses from security breaches, legal problems, and cybercrime. These unnecessary costs inhibit the growth and efficiency of e-business worldwide. Professional education in e-business can help address these problems by providing students with coursework aimed at them. The…

  4. An Appraisal Of Groupon E-Business Model

    Odeniyi; O. Ayodeji; Lawal; N. Tunde; Kareem,, M.J.; A. E. Adebowale

    2015-01-01

    Abstract A new kind of business digital age middleman which ordinarily may not have been possible has emerged. An instance is Groupon an e-commerce platform which allows a small group of merchants to reach a large number of customers using internet and social media technologies to provide discounted deals. Therefore the purpose of this study is to appraise the Groupon e-business model. Firstly the brief profile and business model was examined. Thereafter an in-depth Social Legal Economic Poli...

  5. 企业需要的是E-Business

    《电子商务世界》杂志编辑部

    2004-01-01

      曾几何时,人们谈到电子商务就想到网络公司,想到利用网上"虚拟商场"或"虚拟店面"进行的商业活动,从而将电子商务与网上交易(E-Commerce)画上了等号,这是一个非常致命的概念混淆.电子商务一词在英文中有2种翻译--E-Commerce和E-Business.……

  6. The 2006 European e-Business Readiness Index

    CASTAINGS WILLIAM; TARANTOLA STEFANO; LATVALA Ari

    2007-01-01

    Abstract: This report is a methodological analysis on the composite index of the information and communication technology (ICT) adoption and use by enterprises in the Europe. Efficient adoption and use of ICT is a key factor to help European enterprises to raise their productivity and competi-tiveness. The 2006 European E-Business Readiness Index, evaluated using data from the 2005 Euro-pean enterprise survey of ICT use and e-commerce by Eurostat, is a useful mechanism for compar-ing e-busin...

  7. To operate e-business of LED market in China

    Cao, Miao

    2013-01-01

    The LED lighting products are now as normal as mobile phones in our daily life. As many new products become popular in North America and Europe first, then the main manufacturing assembly line transfer to China or some other developing countries, the LED lighting industry follows exactly the same way. This research aims for knowing how to operate e-business of LED market in China by studying how the LED industry in China runs till today, collecting essential industrial data and trying to f...

  8. E-Business Transformation: An Analysis Framework Based on Critical Organizational Dimensions

    ZENG Qingfeng; CHEN Wenbo; HUANG Lihua

    2008-01-01

    In the era of Internet economics, e-business has become one of the most important strategic factors for enterprise development, so theoretical systems are needed to help enterprises develop e-business transformation strategies. A review of enterprise transformation theory identified five critical organization dimensions of e-business transformation, corporate strategy and vision transformation, organizational structure, product and market transformation, business process transformation, and corporate culture transformation. An e-business transformation process model was developed based on the five dimensions. This model can help enterprises to more effectively implement e-business transformation strategies.

  9. E-business v rozvojových zemích

    Curca, Cristina

    2014-01-01

    The theme of my bachelor thesis is E-business, which recorded a huge and rapid development. The theoretical part focuses on the basic concepts and definitions related to the topic. The relations between the concepts of E-business, E-commerce and online store will be explained. After a brief presentation of the development of E-business, the thesis deals with the particular E-business entities and relations between them. It focuses on E-business in developing countries, while in the practical ...

  10. EBBSC: A Balanced Scorecard-Based Framework for Strategic E-Business Management

    Fen Wang; Guisseppi Forgionne

    2007-01-01

    E-business is far more about strategy than technology, and the strategy of e-business is very important in today’s dynamic and competitive environment. In this article, we describe a balanced scorecard-based framework in detail and discuss its potential e-business uses. This framework enables e-business managers to plan and allocate resources more effectively and align strategic objectives with performance results. It also provides a stable point of reference for e-businesses to understand ...

  11. Special report on software, IT and e-business

    Roche, P.

    2003-02-01

    The star of the e-business show has been e-procurement, while progress was being made in the world of invoicing. Some degree of automation is used by large numbers of companies in the Canadian oil patch using technologies very different from past electronic invoicing methods. Extensible markup language, or XML, is one such technology that can be described as a code which can be readily customized and which enables computers to perform some data-exchange tasks over the Internet without human intervention. Approximately 200 suppliers use Digital Oilfield Inc.'s OpenInvoice, which allows electronic invoicing. E-Business Utility, a product of electroBusiness.com Inc., is used by some 280 operators in the industry. The advantage of electroBusiness is its one-to-many connection, and is not a software grab. The capital cost is minimal. Data re-entry is no longer required. Tracking of the invoices is simpler and faster. Some are convinced that improvements must still be made to gain additional efficiencies, such as reducing human involvement. 2 figs.

  12. E-Business impact on freight transportation industry

    Bell, P. [Canadian Pacific Railway, Calgary, AB (Canada)

    2000-07-01

    Canadian Pacific is Canada's second largest railway company. In this presentation the Vice President of Canadian Pacific, in charge of Logistics Systems, outlines the Company's response to the challenges of e-commerce; the origins of the CPR, its present status, where it is going and the specific challenges it faces to get there. The review of the Company's past and present leads into a discussion of the CPR's e-business strategy and corporate governance, stressing high quality service, communication with customers through many channels, 'end-to-end' visibility, common multi-modal transportation solutions and moving away from supply push to demand pull. While it is clear that e-business represents a different way of conducting and thinking about business and that the technology is moving faster than business processes, the CPR's approach will emphasize reasonable caution to avoid the pitfalls usually associated with navigating in uncharted waters. Nevertheless, in the end the CPR it will do whatever it takes to make sure that it is not left behind in meeting the challenges of the new economy.

  13. E-Commerce Evaluation and E Business Trends

    Premkumar Balaraman

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available E–Commerce in recent times has exploded many folds due to the invention of new Information and Communication (ICT technologies and applications. Business models of today are highly depending upon internet based transaction and trading platforms, use of Web portals and mobile applications. Proposition of new business models sans the inclusion of internet and their application has become almost impossible for business. Business data pertaining to E Commerce has become highly valuable in recent times. Social networking websites, sharing of product data and its reviews in blogs paves ways for promoting business in new methods. There is need to develop metrics to assess the strength of E Commerce penetration in Business and also evaluate the various E Commerce platforms. Use of E business tools for data analysis, prediction and decision making has become the latest order of the day. Changing trends in E business has a drastic impact on the organizations depending upon internet based applications for handling its business processes and day to day transactions.

  14. A Survey of Current e-Business (E-Government

    Don Vance Kerr

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available The Internet is a dynamic part of the business scene and there have been many examples of success and failures of e-commerce and e-business ventures. A survey was administered asking questions about industries understanding of current e-business (e-government practices in Australia. The object of the survey was to provide a benchmark of current practice. The results of this survey could have a major impact on academic curricula. The survey was sent to 671 Australian Businesses and was addressed to the Chief Information Officer. Only twenty four usable questionnaires were returned and while it is accepted that this is a limited sample, disturbing trends have appeared with respect to the lack of strategic planning for information technology use particularly in medium sized businesses in Australia. In addition, relationships between key factors associated with the business objectives for their IT infrastructure and the benefits of the organisation’s Extranet, Intranet and Internet initiatives were identified.

  15. An Appraisal Of Groupon E-Business Model

    Odeniyi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A new kind of business digital age middleman which ordinarily may not have been possible has emerged. An instance is Groupon an e-commerce platform which allows a small group of merchants to reach a large number of customers using internet and social media technologies to provide discounted deals. Therefore the purpose of this study is to appraise the Groupon e-business model. Firstly the brief profile and business model was examined. Thereafter an in-depth Social Legal Economic Political Technological EcologicalEnvironmental and Competitive SLEPTEC analysis of the business model was carried out. Then the elements of the business model and the resulting growth and advantages that bring about competitive and profits in the modern markets for Groupon were evaluated. The findings shows that simple technologies of email and social media can be leveraged for business success especially in massive subscribers base as currently witnessed by Groupon. The study revealed the associated problems with the Groupon e-business platform and thus conclusively recommends how the business model can be improved via considerations of other technological factors.

  16. Prefeasibility study of a e-business application for the energy wood markets; Esiselvitys verkkoliiketoiminnan mahdollisuuksista Suomen energiapuumarkkinoilla - PUUY23

    Jokinen, J.; Maelkoenen, A.; Kivelae, H. [JP Management Consulting - Europe, Vantaa (Finland)

    2002-07-01

    Finland has a national target to increase the use of forest based energy from current 0.8 million m{sup 3}/a to 5 million m{sup 3} /a by 2010. Realisation of the target will depend on the functionality of the energy wood markets. The objective of the prefeasibility study is to identify the best e-business applications for energy wood markets in order to achieve the targeted forest energy level by 2010. (orig.)

  17. E-BUSINESS MODELS AS A TOOL TO INCREASE MÉXICO SMALL AND MEDIUM SIZE ENTERPRISES’ SALES

    Yessica Helgueros

    2012-01-01

    Due to the growing incursion of electronic media in the commercial environment, identifying factors that improve competitiveness is important. The need for timely information that allows for effective decisions, as well as allowing for effective use of time and resources is paramount. To achieve this objective business models based on information and communication technologies, known as e-business models, have been developed. This study examines 189 web pages of organizations as well as the r...

  18. Semantically Interoperable XML Data

    Vergara-Niedermayr, Cristobal; Wang, Fusheng; Pan, Tony; Kurc, Tahsin; Saltz, Joel

    2013-01-01

    XML is ubiquitously used as an information exchange platform for web-based applications in healthcare, life sciences, and many other domains. Proliferating XML data are now managed through latest native XML database technologies. XML data sources conforming to common XML schemas could be shared and integrated with syntactic interoperability. Semantic interoperability can be achieved through semantic annotations of data models using common data elements linked to concepts from ontologies. In t...

  19. SERENITY in e-Business and Smart Item Scenarios

    Benameur, Azzedine; Khoury, Paul El; Seguran, Magali; Sinha, Smriti Kumar

    SERENITY Artefacts, like Class, Patterns, Implementations and Executable Components for Security & Dependability (S&D) in addition to Serenity Runtime Framework (SRF) are discussed in previous chapters. How to integrate these artefacts with applications in Serenity approach is discussed here with two scenarios. The e-Business scenario is a standard loan origination process in a bank. The Smart Item scenario is an Ambient intelligence case study where we take advantage of Smart Items to provide an electronic healthcare infrastructure for remote healthcare assistance. In both cases, we detail how the prototype implementations of the scenarios select proper executable components through Serenity Runtime Framework and then demonstrate how these executable components of the S&D Patterns are deployed.

  20. Web Mining - A Catalyst For E-Business

    Abdul Rahaman Wahab Sait

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this world of information technology, everyone has the tendency to do business electronically. Todaylot of businesses are happening on World Wide Web (WWW, it is very important for the website owner toprovide a better platform to attract more customers for their site. Providing information in a better way isthe solution to bring more customers or users. Customer is the end-user, who accessing the informationin a way it yields some credit to the web site owners. In this paper we define web mining and present amethod to utilize web mining in a better way to know the users and website behaviour which in turnenhance the web site information to attract more users. This paper also presents an overview of thevarious researches done on pattern extraction, web content mining and how it can be taken as a catalystfor E-business

  1. Enhance Reuse of Standard e-Business XML Schema Documents

    Buhwan, Jeong [POSTECH University, South Korea; Kulvatunyou, Boonserm [ORNL; Ivezic, Nenad [ORNL; Jones, Albert [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

    2005-07-01

    Ideally, e-Business application interfaces would be built from highly reusable specifications of business document standards. Since many of these specifications are poorly understood, users often create new ones or customize existing ones every time a new integration problem arises. Consequently, even though there is a potential for reuse, the lack of a component discovery tool means that the cost of reuse is still prohibitively high. In this paper, we explore the potential of using similarity metrics to discover standard XML Schema documents. Our goal is to enhance reuse of XML Schema document/component standards in new integration contexts through the discovery process. We are motivated by the increasing access to the application interface specifications expressed in the form of XML Schema. These specifications are created to facilitate business documents exchange among software applications. Reuse can reduce both the proliferation of standards and the interoperability costs. To demonstrate these potential benefits, we propose and position our research based on an experimental scenario and a novel evaluation approach to qualify alternative similarity metrics on schema discovery. The edge equality in the evaluation method provides a conservative quality measure. We review a number of fundamental approaches to developing similarity metrics, and we organize these metrics into lexical, structural, and logical categories. For each of the metrics, we discuss its relevance and potential issues in its application to the XML Schema discovery task. We conclude that each of the similarity measures has its own strengths and weaknesses and each is expected to yield different results in different search situations. It is important, in the context of an application of these measures to e-Business standards that a schema discovery engine capable of assigning appropriate weights to different similarity measures be used when the search conditions change. This is a subject of our

  2. Neuro-Semantics and Semantics.

    Holmes, Stewart W.

    1987-01-01

    Draws distinctions between the terms semantics (dealing with such verbal parameters as dictionaries and "laws" of logic and rhetoric), general semantics (semantics, plus the complex, dynamic, organismal properties of human beings and their physical environment), and neurosemantics (names for relations-based input from the neurosensory system, and…

  3. Experienced Benefits and Barriers of e-Business Technology Adoption by SME suppliers

    Ali Abu Abid

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available E-business technologies present unique opportunities and challenges for businesses, and Small & Medium Enterprises (SMEs are no exception. However, there is a rich body of the e-business literature concentrates on adoption concerns from SMEs buyers’ viewpoint, little research has so far been reported from the viewpoint of SME suppliers. Participation of SME suppliers needs to be ensured in order to use the full potential of e-business technologies. This study was thus initiated to identify the experienced and expected benefits and barriers to adoption of e-business technologies from the viewpoint of group SME suppliers. In general, the findings designate that the SME suppliers have experienced numerous impediments that they need to overcome for the successful implementation of e-business technologies. The suppliers also have a broader view of e-business benefits than just cost saving.

  4. Customer Relationship Management Constructs Initiating Successful e-business Strategy for Service-based Companies

    A. Yusefzadeh Markhali; N. Behravan; M. Jamalzadeh; S. Faramarzi Jouya

    2013-01-01

    With blooming of Internet and information technology proliferation, notion e-business and e-strategy become a core objective for service industries. So, it is imperative to acknowledge e-business strategy as a predecessor requirement for success of companies operating under electronic setting. Customer Relationship Management (CRM), however, plays critical role in this context area. As such, the main purpose of this study is built on CRM constructs shaping e-strategy towards successful e-busi...

  5. Creating Competitive Markets for Small Businesses with New Media and E-Business Strategy

    Mabel T. Kung; Yi Zhang

    2011-01-01

    The innovative and dynamic nature of E-business enables small companies to compete with multinational corporations via online marketing. This paper serves as a guide from a practitioner’s perspective to embark in E-business while traditional marketing strategies are diminished. Three E-business adoption models for small enterprises are discussed. Planning involving new media, Internet technological capabilities and marketing strategies are examined. A literature review on new media gives a ...

  6. EBDMSS: A Web-Based Decision Making Support System for Strategic E-Business Management

    Fen Wang; Natalie Lupton; David Rawlinson; Xingguo Zhang

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes a Web-based intelligent decision making support system (DMSS) to deliver balanced scorecard (BSC) based modelling and analysis in support of strategic E-business management. This framework supports E-business managers during the strategy making process in a comprehensive, integrated, and continuous manner. The paper demonstrates how practitioners can use this system to deliver a wide range of embodied E-business strategy expertise in support of real-time decision making.

  7. E-Business and on line banking in Bangladesh: an Analysis

    Muhammad Mahboob Ali

    2010-01-01

    E-business has created tremendous opportunity all over the globe. On line banking can act as a complementary factor of e-business. Bangladesh Bank has recently argued to introduce automated clearing house system. This pushed upward transition from the manual banking system to the on line banking system. The study has been undertaken to observe present status of the e-business and as its complementary factor on line banking system in Bangladesh. The article analyzes the data that were collecte...

  8. Based on Intelligent Robot of E-business Distribution Center Operation Mode Research

    Li Juntao

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available According to E-business distribution center operation mode in domestic and advanced experience drawing lessons at home and abroad, this paper based on intelligent robot researches E-business distribution center operation mode. And it proposes the innovation logistics storage in E-business and sorting integration system, and elaborates its principle, characteristics, as well as studies its business mode and logistics process, and its parameters and working mode of AGV equipment.

  9. Exploring e-business strategies in China: comparing internet pioneers and internet pragmatists

    Tao, Sophia Yan; Hinton, Matthew

    2014-01-01

    China is experiencing rapid growth with respect to all types of e-business applications. This paper addresses how Chinese companies have developed or adapted e-business strategies. To this end, e-business enabled value creation is explored using an integrated framework that incorporates two strategic perspectives (the environmental view and the resource-based view). Nine in-depth case studies of leading Chinese companies are undertaken, across three distinct industries - housing development, ...

  10. Based on Intelligent Robot of E-business Distribution Center Operation Mode Research

    Li Juntao; Zhu Jie; Geng Yingying

    2016-01-01

    According to E-business distribution center operation mode in domestic and advanced experience drawing lessons at home and abroad, this paper based on intelligent robot researches E-business distribution center operation mode. And it proposes the innovation logistics storage in E-business and sorting integration system, and elaborates its principle, characteristics, as well as studies its business mode and logistics process, and its parameters and working mode of AGV equipment.

  11. COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE BY INTEGRATED E-BUSINESS IN SUPPLY CHAINS: A STRATEGIC APPROACH

    Gheorghe MILITARU; Daniel SERBANICA

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports findings of the competitive advantage of supply chain integration and the crucial role of integrated e-business to deliver those benefits. However, adoption of e-business in supply chains has been slower than expected, particularly in small to medium sized enterprises (SMEs). Differences between firms in supply chains and between supply chains are examined. Across industries, firms have adopted e-business initiatives to better manage their internal business processes as wel...

  12. Relevance of Information Systems Strategic Planning Practices in E-Business Contexts

    Ganesan Kannabiran; Srinivasan Sundar

    2011-01-01

    Increasing global competition and advances in Internet technologies have led organizations to consider e-business strategies. However, evolving e-business strategies have been identified as a critical issue faced by corporate planners. The relevance and the use of IS (Information Systems) strategy planning practices in the context of e-business have been argued among researchers. In this paper, the authors investigate whether organizations can successfully improve the IS value in the e-busine...

  13. The Measure and Control of Enterprise Marketing Risk in the E-business Environment

    Lingbing Hu; Baoyin Zhang; Yu Wu

    2009-01-01

    In this article, through analyzing the change of enterprise marketing mode and the characters of marketing risk in the e-business environment, we establish the 3D embedded random measure model which suits for the e-business enterprise marketing risk, define the combination rules of the risk index system of this model, establish the theoretical base to measure the marketing risk for e-business enterprises, and analyze the warning and control of enterprise marketing risk under the model.

  14. Effect of Necessary Factors for Deploying E-Business Models on Business Performance in Automotive Industry

    Mohsen Shafiei Nikabadi; Laya Olfat; Ahmad Jafarian; Hassan Alibabaei Khamene

    2013-01-01

    The main goal of this article is to survey effects of necessary factors for deploying e-business models on business performance in automotive industry. Today, application of information technology and internet in business is turned to a critical tool to gain competitive advantages in business. The impact of e-businesses is so that changed competitive approach between companies from traditional to modern models. In this study, first, necessary key factors of implementing e-business in automoti...

  15. Exploring on Chinese Foreign Trade Issues Based on E-Business

    Shuqing Li

    2009-01-01

    Vigorous development of e-business in the world has produced profound influences upon foreign trade. While China’s e-business has started late, its application in foreign trade has certain distance from that in developed countries. If China intends to be a strong country in the aspect of trade in the 21st century, e-business must be greatly developed in the field of foreign trade. In this paper, the author anatomizes the application status quo of e-business in Chinese foreign trade and some e...

  16. Semantic Web

    O'Hara, Kieron; Hall, Wendy

    2009-01-01

    The Semantic Web is a vision of a web of linked data, allowing querying, integration and sharing of data from distributed sources in heterogeneous formats, using ontologies to provide an associated and explicit semantic interpretation. The article describes the series of layered formalisms and standards that underlie this vision, and chronicles their historical and ongoing development. A number of applications, scientific and otherwise, academic and commercial, are reviewed. The Semantic Web ...

  17. The Design of Online Tertiary Courseware for a Blended Learning, Project-Based, E-Business Management Program in the Middle East

    Rush, Arthur

    2008-01-01

    This case study briefly explores how an online, multimedia learning module based on a Cognitive Apprenticeship higher level pedagogy can positively affect students achieving the learning outcomes of a Constructivist project-based curriculum in a blended e-business management program in the Middle East. The cohort in this program is nonnative…

  18. Implementing a decision support system (DSS in e-business

    Alexandra Ruiz G.

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Decision support systems (DSS and e-business (EB have emerged as separate areas. However, currently, and for some years now, DSS and EB have become merged to provide customers with greater benefits and added value. There are different types of DSS and different categories and business models for EB; one area’s applicability to the other thus expands the possible combi- nations which can arise from such different categories. Some representative examples would include auction sites which, through applying intelligent agents, can learn about which products to offer or when and where to sell them; DSS allow a company’s in- formation avilable in web portals for customers and employees to be accessed in a controlled way and decisions thus made; vir- tual stores may be positively affected by data mining and data warehousing being applied; complex algorithms could be used in customer relationship management for predicting and analysing “what would happen if” to identify revenue opportunities in com- petitive markets; and a wide range of other applications where imagination is the limit. Research into DSS / BE must be ongoing due to the constant emergence of new business models and DSS subsystems. Applications can be varied and provide bi-directio- nal support for each one. New interaction mechanisms and efforts to satisfy customers are also the focus of inspiration for new applications for DSS systems in EB.

  19. Editorial: E-Business and Information Systems Research - Towards a common research agenda

    Li, F

    2007-01-01

    This special issue was born from a Workshop organized by the e-Business & e-Government Special Interest Group of the British Academy of Management (BAM), held on the 3rd-4th May at Brunel University Business School in London. The central theme of the workshop was on the relationship between e-Business and Information Systems (IS) research.

  20. An Analysis of the e-Business Program in the School of Business Curriculum

    Sarkar, Shyamalendu; Reddy, Surender

    2007-01-01

    The article analyzes various present and future aspects of e-business as it is or should be incorporated in the school of business curriculum. The study uses both primary and secondary data. The results indicate that e-business courses are currently taught across the traditional disciplines of business schools. The courses are primarily taught as…

  1. Supporting the E-Business Readiness of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: Approaches and Metrics.

    Jutla, Dawn; Bodorik, Peter; Dhaliwal, Jasbir

    2002-01-01

    Presents a conceptual model for governments in creating a climate that facilitates the national adoption of e-business. Focuses on the needs of small and medium-sized enterprises, suggests measures to assess how a country is performing in providing a positive e-business climate, and provides examples from Canada, The Netherlands, Norway, and…

  2. Reputation Model with Forgiveness Factor for Semi-Competitive E-Business Agent Societies

    Radu Burete; Amelia Badica; Costin Badica

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we introduce a new reputation model for agents engaged in e-business transactions. Our model enhances classic reputation models by adding forgiveness factor and new sources of reputation information based on agents groups. The model was implemented using JADE multi-agent platform and initially evaluated for e-business scenarios comprising societies of buyer and seller agents.

  3. Editorial: E-Business and Information Systems Research - Towards a common research agenda

    Li, F.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This special issue was born from a Workshop organized by the e-Business & e-Government Special Interest Group of the British Academy of Management (BAM, held on the 3rd-4th May at Brunel University Business School in London. The central theme of the workshop was on the relationship between e-Business and Information Systems (IS research.

  4. eBusiness: Where Are We and Where Do We Go From Here?

    2002-01-01

    Whilst the downturn in the world economy and the technology markets has dampened the importance being accorded to e-Business, this report urges that the slowdown should not be allowed lead to complacency on e-Business adoption by the Government and business in Ireland.

  5. Produce More Oil Gas via eBusiness Data Sharing

    Paul Jehn; Mike Stettner

    2004-09-30

    GWPC, DOGGR, and other state agencies propose to build eBusiness applications based on a .NET front-end user interface for the DOE's Energy 100 Award-winning Risk Based Data Management System (RBDMS) data source and XML Web services. This project will slash the costs of regulatory compliance by automating routine regulatory reporting and permit notice review and by making it easier to exchange data with the oil and gas industry--especially small, independent operators. Such operators, who often do not have sophisticated in-house databases, will be able to use a subset of the same RBDMS tools available to the agencies on the desktop to file permit notices and production reports online. Once the data passes automated quality control checks, the application will upload the data into the agency's RBDMS data source. The operators also will have access to state agency datasets to focus exploration efforts and to perform production forecasting, economic evaluations, and risk assessments. With the ability to identify economically feasible oil and gas prospects, including unconventional plays, over the Internet, operators will minimize travel and other costs. Because GWPC will coordinate these data sharing efforts with the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), this project will improve access to public lands and make strides towards reducing the duplicative reporting to which industry is now subject for leases that cross jurisdictions. The resulting regulatory streamlining and improved access to agency data will make more domestic oil and gas available to the American public while continuing to safeguard environmental assets.

  6. The importance of ICT and eBusiness for Entrepreneurship

    Andropoulos, Costas

    2008-01-01

    18 διαφάνειες: έγχρ. Η παρουσίαση αποτελεί μέρος εκδήλωσης στα πλαίσια διημερίδας με τίτλο "Επιχειρηματικότητα & ΤΠΕ". Συγκεκριμένα πρόκειται για την προβολή του ευρωπαϊκού πλαίσιου e-business & ICT και αφορά στις επιχειρηματικές προσκλήσεις στην πληροφορική και τις επικοινωνίες....

  7. The Effect of Adjunct Post-Questions, Metacognitive Process Prompts, Cognitive Feedback and Training in Facilitating Student Achievement from Semantic Maps

    Yamashiro, Kelly Ann C.; Dwyer, Francis

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the instructional effectiveness of adjunct post-questions, metacognitive process prompts, cognitive feedback and training in complementing semantic maps. Two hundred seventy Taiwanese subjects were randomly assigned to eight treatments. After interacting with their respective treatments each completed three…

  8. Prefeasibility study of a e-business application for the energy wood markets; Esiselvitys verkkoliiketoiminnan mahdollisuuksista Suomen energiapuumarkkinoilla - PUUY23

    Jokinen, J.; Maelkoenen, A.; Kivelae, H. [JP Management Consulting, Europe, Vantaa (Finland)

    2001-07-01

    Finland has a national target to increase the use of forest based energy from current 0.8 million m{sup 3}/a to 5 million m{sup 3}/a by 2010. Realisation of the target will depend on the functionality of the energy wood markets. The objective of the prefeasibility study is to identify the best e-business applications for energy wood markets in order to achieve the targeted forest energy level by 2010. The prefeasibility study will be ready in November, 2001. (orig.)

  9. Semiautomatic Derivation and Use of Personal Privacy Policies in E-Business

    George Yee; Larry Korba

    2005-01-01

    The growth of the Internet has been accompanied by the growth of Internet e-business services (e.g., electronic bookseller services, electronic stock-transaction services). This proliferation of e-business services has in turn fueled the need to protect the personal privacy of e-business users or consumers. We advocate a privacy policy approach to protecting personal privacy. However, it is evident that the specification of a personal privacy policy must be as easy as possible for the consume...

  10. A Holistic Framework of E-Business Strategy: The Case of Haier in China

    Peter Ping Li; Steven Tung-lung Chang

    2004-01-01

    This paper proposes a conceptual framework of e-business strategy. It argues that such a framework must be holistic, dynamic and dialectical. This framework will assist both researchers and practitioners regarding the key issues of e-business strategy. Further, a case study of Haier from China reveals that all firms need to learn how to design effective e-business strategies, which should be built on a sound organizational form or business model. The case of Haier also suggests that the local...

  11. The Importance of Integrative Components in the Field of e-Business and Information Systems

    Jelica Trninić

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers some of the possible of integrational joining in the domain of information system (IS development and e-business application. Up to date reengineering processes imply focusing on complementariness of strategic approach in IS development and e-business in order to provide optimal business of an organization. By forming and defining the structure of resources in manages, an organization provides its competitiveness on the market. It is obvious that e-business strategy rests upon, and makes connections with other strategies. This predominantly implies corporative and IS strategy with support of SCM (Syplay Chain Management and CRM (Customer Relations Management.

  12. The E-Business Research Network: summary of the results of the Dutch pilot survey

    Wiele, Ton; Williams, Roger; Iwaarden, Jos; Wilson, Melanie; Dale, Barry

    2001-01-01

    textabstractA project has been started with the intention to develop an E-Business Research Network on E-business related research in business and management. The initiative has been taken in co-operation between Erasmus University and UMIST to develop a project in which the first stage concerns the development of a database of researchers and their activities in e-business related research in business and management. The next stage will be to investigate the needs in companies in relation to...

  13. EEMA: focus on technical and legal issues of e-business in the European Union

    Edwin JACOBS

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available EEMA is Europe's leading independent association for e-Business and promotes collaboration concerning all technical (ICT , legal and business aspects of e-business. EEMA puts the emphasis on today's practical issues. In this respect, EEMA's Legal Intrest Group, headed by Prof. Jos Dumortier, focuses on all legal aspects of e-business, i.a. electronic signature, e-invoice, identity management, security legislation (e.g. Sarbanes Oxley in the EU, privacy, etc. On November 22nd and 23 rd this year EEMA will organise a two day seminar about electronic invoicing and electronic archiving in Brussels.

  14. EEMA: focus on technical and legal issues of e-business in the European Union

    Edwin JACOBS

    2005-01-01

    EEMA is Europe's leading independent association for e-Business and promotes collaboration concerning all technical (ICT) , legal and business aspects of e-business. EEMA puts the emphasis on today's practical issues. In this respect, EEMA's Legal Intrest Group, headed by Prof. Jos Dumortier, focuses on all legal aspects of e-business, i.a. electronic signature, e-invoice, identity management, security legislation (e.g. Sarbanes Oxley in the EU), privacy, etc. On November 22nd and 23 rd this ...

  15. Semantic Desktop

    Sauermann, Leo; Kiesel, Malte; Schumacher, Kinga; Bernardi, Ansgar

    In diesem Beitrag wird gezeigt, wie der Arbeitsplatz der Zukunft aussehen könnte und wo das Semantic Web neue Möglichkeiten eröffnet. Dazu werden Ansätze aus dem Bereich Semantic Web, Knowledge Representation, Desktop-Anwendungen und Visualisierung vorgestellt, die es uns ermöglichen, die bestehenden Daten eines Benutzers neu zu interpretieren und zu verwenden. Dabei bringt die Kombination von Semantic Web und Desktop Computern besondere Vorteile - ein Paradigma, das unter dem Titel Semantic Desktop bekannt ist. Die beschriebenen Möglichkeiten der Applikationsintegration sind aber nicht auf den Desktop beschränkt, sondern können genauso in Web-Anwendungen Verwendung finden.

  16. Understanding semantics

    Thrane, Torben

    1997-01-01

    Understanding natural language is a cognitive, information-driven process. Discussing some of the consequences of this fact, the paper offers a novel look at the semantic effect of lexical nouns and the identification of reference types.......Understanding natural language is a cognitive, information-driven process. Discussing some of the consequences of this fact, the paper offers a novel look at the semantic effect of lexical nouns and the identification of reference types....

  17. THE QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR THE OPEN SOURCE E-BUSINESS SOLUTIONS

    Surcel Traian

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Conversion of ordinary business into e-business has forced organizations to be redesigned and reshaped Today's business owners are more dependent on applications than ever before. Application software automates key business processes - from payments, fund

  18. Multi-disciplinary solutions to industry and government´s E-business challenges

    Elliot, Steve; Viborg Andersen, Kim; Trauth, Eileen;

    Successful implementations of E-Business frequently require additional interaction between elements that extend beyond technology and organizational issues to include environmental (e.g. infrastructure, national culture, national and international payment mechanisms) and consumer factors....

  19. THE QUALITY ASSURANCE FOR THE OPEN SOURCE E-BUSINESS SOLUTIONS

    Lazarica Marinela; Surcel Traian

    2009-01-01

    Conversion of ordinary business into e-business has forced organizations to be redesigned and reshaped Today's business owners are more dependent on applications than ever before. Application software automates key business processes - from payments, fund

  20. Discovering Performance Measurement System to Evaluate the Efficiency of E-Business Solutions

    Laura Uturytė  -Vrubliauskienė

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Despite the significant growth of information technologies investments, evidence of their influence on organization performance remains inconclusive. Nowadays it is very important to realize whether expected economic benefits of information technologies investments are being recognized in organizations. Currently organizations can no longer afford basically to lose their money in e-business initiatives without developing and using suitable metrics to measure the effectiveness of such investments and to find out the relationship between e-business and organization performance. The study describes research aimed at determining the exact nature of such e-business performance measurement systems. The basic objective of this study is to discover performance measurement system for evaluating the efficiency of e-business solutions.Article in Lithuanian

  1. E-Business Assimilation in China's International Trade Firms: The Technology-Organization-Environment Framework

    Dahui Li; Fujun Lai; Jian Wang

    2010-01-01

    Despite the importance of international trade firms in China’s economic development, there is only limited empirical evidence about how these firms assimilate Internet-based e-business in global supply chain operations. Using the Technology-Organization-Environment framework, this study investigates technological, organizational, and environmental factors which determine e-business assimilation in these firms. Based on survey data collected from 307 international trade firms in the Beijing ...

  2. Secure E-Business applications based on the European Citizen Card

    Zipfel, Christian; Daum, Henning; Meister, Gisela

    The introduction of ID cards enhanced with electronic authentication services opens up the possibility to use these for identification and authentication in e-business applications. To avoid incompatible national solutions, the specification of the European Citizen Card aims at defining interoperable services for such use cases. Especially the given device authentication methods can help to eliminate security problems with current e-business and online banking applications.

  3. e-Business a ICT - nástroje konkurenceschopnosti EU

    Nechala, Marek

    2008-01-01

    The thesis identifies the role of e-business and ICT in the economy of the present European Union and their function in increasing EU's competitiveness in the world's economy. It maps and evaluates help of the public sector of the European Union for this important component of modern economy. The thesis also describes current state of e-business and ICT both in the European Union and the world and outlines their probable future development.

  4. Oracle E-Business Suite Financials R12 A Functionality Guide

    Iyer, Mohan

    2012-01-01

    This is a step-by-step functional guide to get you started easily with Oracle EBS Financials. If you are an Oracle E-Business Suite Financial consultant or an administrator looking to get a quick review on the capabilities of Oracle E-Business Suite and improve the use of the systems functionality, then this is the best guide for you. This book assumes that you have a fundamental knowledge of EBS Suite.

  5. CHANGE – E-BUSINESS – THE MAJOR FACTORS FOR ADVANCED COMPETITIVE IN ROMANIAN TRAVEL AGENCIES

    Holban (Oncioiu) Ionica

    2010-01-01

    The Internet and e-business adoption are the most important issues of this century for travel agencies. Although, the Internet provides many opportunities to do business; therefore, in the near future the Romania travel agencies may lose their competitiveness. Redesigning the business processes of travel agencies to adapt them to e-business environment is aimed in this study. The present system is going to be analyzed and redesigned to make them able to utilize from technology efficiently.

  6. E- business as a means of trade expansion of a company

    Aška, Václav

    2011-01-01

    This diploma thesis deals with the concept of digital business environment, its dynamic development, benefits and pitfalls, the different possibilities of use, analytical tools used for diagnosis of the environment where the e-business want to be implemented, and analysis of the enterprise Alpha considering the e-business integration. The first part of the thesis is dedicated to the literature overview of the relevant theories. In the chapter one, the theory of th...

  7. Communication in Second Life and E-business Opportunities: A Case Analysis

    Sharma Gajendra; Wenjun Sun; Qi Lu

    2011-01-01

    Second life is an online, 3D virtual world imagined and created by its residents. The aim of the current study is to investigate why people communicate in second life and effectiveness of communication to perform e-business in virtual environment. The most common communication media used in second life are text and voice, instant messaging and video conferencing. The intention of residents entering second Life is to interact with each other, socialize and conduct e-business. The major theoret...

  8. Research of B2B e-Business Application and Development Technology Based on SOA

    Xian, Li Liang

    Today, the B2B e-business systems in most enterprises usually have multiple heterogeneous and independent systems which are based on different platforms and operate in different functional departments. To deal with the increased services in future, an enterprise needs to expand its system continuously. This, however, will cause great inconvenience to the future system maintenance. To implement e-business successfully, a unified internal e-business integration environment must be established to integrate the internal system and thus realize a unified internal mechanism within the enterprise e-business system. The SOA (service-oriented architecture), however, can well meet the above requirements. The integration of SOA-based applications can reduce the dependency of different types of IT systems, reduce the cost of system maintenance and the complexity of the IT system operation, increase the flexibility of the system deployment, and at the same time exclude the barrier of service innovation. Research and application of SOA-based enterprise application systems has become a very important research project at present. Based on SOA, this document designs an enterprise e-business application model and realizes a flexible and expandable e-business platform.

  9. A Framework of Successful E-Business Incubator for Indonesian Public Universities

    Lina Gozali

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. In many developed countries, many business incubators take part to help starts-up company to develop their own business; especially the baby born business cannot compete with the giant industries that have become the old business players. Universities play an important role in motivating young graduates to become technology entrepreneur. Unemployment in Indonesia is still the main issue for the government program to increase welfare in the future. In year 2014 the data from Statistic Center of Indonesia state that Indonesia has 4% unemployment from Indonesia’ work generation. In Indonesia, incubators has been developed since 1992 initiated by the government, Cooperative Department and also universities. This effort continued in 1997 when there was a program called the Development of Entrepreneurship Culture in universities, and of its activity was New Entrepreneur Incubator. The objectives of the research are to investigate the success factor for e-business incubator, and to propose and develop a framework for successful e-business incubator for public universities in Indonesia. Research location is in Indonesia for the public universities that have their e-business incubator. This research will conduct quantitative and qualitative analyses based on data collection from incubator managers and business founders in Indonesia. The result of this research is a framework for successful e-business incubator in Indonesian public universities.Keywords: E-business incubator, Public university incubator, Successful e-business incubator, Framework, Indonesia 

  10. Quality model for semantic IS standards

    Folmer, E.J.A.

    2011-01-01

    Semantic IS (Information Systems) standards are essential for achieving interoperability between organizations. However a recent survey suggests that not the full benefits of standards are achieved, due to the quality issues. This paper presents a quality model for semantic IS standards, that should

  11. Quality measurement of semantic standards

    Folmer, E.J.A.; Oude Luttighuis, P.H.W.M.; Hillegersberg, van, R.

    2010-01-01

    Quality of semantic standards is unadressed in current research while there is an explicit need from standard developers. The business importance is evident since quality of standards will have impact on its diffusion and achieved interoperability in practice. An instrument to measure the quality of semantic standards is designed to contribute to the knowledge domain, standards developers and might ultimo lead to improved interoperability. This instrument is iteratively designed with multiple...

  12. The applications and benefits of E-Business for improving supplier management in construction with emphasis on the Irish and German construction industries

    Rogers, David

    2001-01-01

    Purpose: This dissertation investigates and analyses the use of the Internet and its support mechanisms, in improving efficiency along the Supply Chain with a view to achieving the optimum success in the European construction sector. It is believed that the European construction sector can make full use of advancements in modern technology, to allow for more effective collaboration among partners along the Supply Chain. An e-Business strategy was seen in this light as a means of allowing f...

  13. A framework for evaluating e-Business models and Productivity Analysis for Banking Sector in India

    Dr. Prakash Singh

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In the world of e-business the rapid growth of the market and fierce competition between the increasing numbers of participants add up to new innovations every day leading to short development cycles. New business models and a herd of start-up companies emerge every few months, to exploit the new opportunities. However, the business has had rough times trying to keep up with the rapid development of e-business. Despite the fact that more and more efforts are made to grasp the essentials of e-business and in particular e-business models, the existing literature on the subject is scattered. Moreover, the studies are quickly out-dated due to the fast phase of the 'new economy'. A clear need exists for an objective and up-to-date literature study of e-business models. This study is an effort to draw together some of the e-Business models and real-life experiments that has been circling around the e-business models. To study the sweeping changes brought about by e-initiative measures in the banking sector some banks were chosen, from public sector like SBI ,BOB etc and from private sector like ICICI, HDFC etc. The paper analyses a comparison of various models using metric method. The different elements of the metric include revenue generation, value proposition, infrastructure etc. A mathematical model taking into consideration various ranking and weightages to the elements of the metric has been developed to analyse whether investments in e-initiative increased productivity and profitability in the Indian banking system. The model suggests that the performance of the banking sector has improved considerably. Profitability, customer satisfaction, and many other parameters show a market improvement. It is believed that a mathematical approach proposed in this paper will find extensive application in other sectors of the economy also.

  14. An Empirical Study of Sources Affecting E-Business Value Creation in Jordanian Banking Services Sector

    Ali. Alawneh

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Grounded in the technology–organization–environment (TOE framework, we have developed an extended conceptual research model for assessing the value of e-business at the bank level. For the purposes of our research some constructs were added to (TOE framework such as IT/Business strategy alignment, adequacy of IT professionals, and availability of online revenues. Other factors were excluded such as the global scope since our research is at the national level in Jordanian banking sector. Based on our enhanced framework, we have formulated eight hypotheses and identify eight factors (technology readiness or competence, bank size, financial resources commitment, IT/Business strategy alignment, adequacy of IT professionals, availability of online revenues, competition intensity or pressure, and regulatory support environment that may affect value creation of carrying out e-business in Jordanian banking sector. Survey data from 140 employees in seven pioneered banks in the Jordanian banking services industry were collected and used to test the theoretical model. Based on simple and multiple linear regressions, our empirical analysis demonstrates several key findings: (1 technology readiness is found to have the strongest significant influence on the e-business value in banks. (2 Bank size, IT/Business strategy alignment, and availability of online revenues are found to have significant influence on the e-business value in banks, while financial resources commitment and adequacy of IT professionals do not contribute significantly to e-business value. (3 Both the competition intensity and regulatory support environment contribute significantly to value creation of e-business in banks. These findings indicate the usefulness of the proposed research model for studying e-business value in banks. They also provide insights for both business managers and policy-makers.

  15. Design and Research on e-Business Platform Based on Agent

    Li, L. Z.; Li, L. X.

    The efficiency of enterprises can be improved and made more competitive by e-business. Consequently, e-business is developing in a swift and violent manner as a new type of business mode all over the world. But with the rapid increase of information on the Internet, the traditional technology cannot meet the requirement of information development well. Soon, high-efficient e-business system needs to be set up by a new kind of technology. Since the agent has the characteristic of movement, cooperation as well as some intelligence, it can compensate the shortcoming of the current e-business system. So how to lead the agent into e-business soon becomes the focus of academic and enterprises. This chapter analyzes the existing electronic business mode and designs a kind of the electronic business model based on the agent intelligence. It searches the goods information that match the customer request and negotiates goods price and the bargain conditions with seller, and recommends reasonable goods for the double win both the customer and the safer. The language of the system development is Java and use the B/S structure.

  16. The Impact of e-Business Strategy on Home-Based Business

    Rosnafisah Sulaiman

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The Internet technology has brought major changes to the way business is conducted today. Many terms have been coined to represent the electronic concepts and applications such as e-Business and e-Commerce terms. These terms are commonly used to represent the new transformation of business processes and transactions. In Malaysia, e-Business adoption has not only captured the interest of large organizations but it has also been acknowledged and adopted by small, medium and micro sized enterprises. Implementing e-Business requires significant changes in the company’s structure, culture, strategy, procedures and responsibilities. However, the challenges never stop people from venturing into this new business concept. The aim of this study is to look into e-Business potential for micro sized businesses that operates from home. In this study both qualitative and quantitative method are used. This paper present a review of the literature pertaining to e-Business, home-based business, the qualitative study and the early findings from the study.

  17. Semantic Annotation: The Mainstay of Semantic Web

    Slimani, Thabet

    2013-01-01

    Given that semantic Web realization is based on the critical mass of metadata accessibility and the representation of data with formal knowledge, it needs to generate metadata that is specific, easy to understand and well-defined. However, semantic annotation of the web documents is the successful way to make the Semantic Web vision a reality. This paper introduces the Semantic Web and its vision (stack layers) with regard to some concept definitions that helps the understanding of semantic a...

  18. E-business in health care: does it contribute to strengthen consumer interest?

    Kertzman, Ed; Janssen, Richard; Ruster, Marijn

    2003-04-01

    One of the goals of the reforms in the European health-care systems over the last two decades has been to make the health-care system more demand-oriented. There is not much known about the possible impact of E-business like approaches on this goal. This paper describes the concept of E-business. Two cases are introduced to illustrate the use of a simple E-business approach in a health-care setting. On the basis of these case studies, we aspect a reduction of the information disadvantages of patients. In our analysis, we also apply new institutional economy concepts, namely agency theory and transaction costs economics to focus on the position of the patient. Concluded is that it is more probable that preferences of demanders are answered by the suppliers of health care. PMID:12644329

  19. E-business and onboard technology at Gibson Petroleum Company Limited

    Bilton, L. [Gibson Petroleum Co. Ltd., Calgary, AB (Canada)

    2001-07-01

    This presentation described the motivation behind Gibson Petroleum's move to e-business to meet its strategic goals. E-business was described as providing diversification and expansion in both products and geographical location. It also enhances communications, promotes growth in the existing business base and is fundamental to system integration. A series of viewgraphs described Gibson's e-business strategy and illustrated a proposed system. Onboard technology meets business needs by allowing for enhancements in key business processes. It also makes it possible to reduce cycle time and provides improved customer service such as online invoicing and possible cost reductions. The future for onboard computers (OBCs) looks promising as 3 G technology will make it possible to provide higher speed wireless data networks and improvement for handheld applications. figs.

  20. Barriers to establish e-business for developing tourism industry: A case study of Kish Island

    Ardeshir Tajzadeh Namin

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present an empirical study for ranking different barriers on developing e-business in one of the free zones called Kish Island in. This Island is located in south part of Iran and it is one of the most beautiful free zones of this country with tremendous opportunities for tourism industry. The proposed study gathers important factors in five different groups of economical, social and cultural, political, technology and software packages. In each group, decision makers determine various influencing factors and after three rounds of brainstorming, analytical hierarchy process is used to rank these factors. Based on the results, the lack of a good infrastructure (0.206, the lack of good culture among ordinary people to use e-businesses (0.205, the lack of good knowledge on internet services among ordinary people (0.204 are some of the most important factors preventing e-business in this region.

  1. A SITUATION CALCULUS BASED APPROACH TO DYNAMIC MANAGEMENT OF E-BUSINESS SERVICES

    2007-01-01

    In the era of e-businesses, the traditional business services are greatly challenged by the ever-increasing demands from customers with various backgrounds and personalities. Large numbers of new e-businesses are driven by the needs of customers. The existing dynamics inherent in the customer needs require the corresponding dynamic management of services. Attempting to respond to customers in a rapid and intelligent way, this paper proposes a situation calculus based approach for dynamically managing e-Business services in the ubiquitous environment. By employing the formalism of the situation calculus to enable intelligence and automation, the approach can implement the functions of service automatic composition and model verification. These functions will improve the degree of customer-orientation and enable fast responsiveness in the emerging e-service systems.

  2. New challenges for logistics providers in the e-business era

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Companies that operate nowadays and provide logistics services are changing their own business attitudes while searching for new ways of development. They focus their searches on qualifications and common usage of information and communication technologies. Presentation of changes that might occur in the supply chain through introduction of e-business solutions for logistics providers is the main goal of this paper. E-business, as a commonly used term, on one hand causes many misunderstandings related to defining and on the other hand gives new possibilities of development and emergences of new services based on the Internet.

  3. The effect of e-business on corporate performance : firm level evidence for Belgium

    Konings, Joep; Roodhooft, Filip

    2000-01-01

    E-business offers buyers and sellers a new form of communication and provides an opportunity to create new marketplaces. Theoretical studies suggest in general that the development of e-business results in higher firm performance as a result of lower search and head-to-head comparison costs. However, there are a number of recent theoretical studies, which demonstrate that the growth of e-commerce may lead to monopolistic pricing behaviour so that firms engaging in e-commerce need not perform ...

  4. Semantic Web

    Anna Lamandini

    2011-01-01

    The semantic Web is a technology at the service of knowledge which is aimed at accessibility and the sharing of content; facilitating interoperability between different systems and as such is one of the nine key technological pillars of TIC (technologies for information and communication) within the third theme, programme specific cooperation of the seventh programme framework for research and development (7°PQRS, 2007-2013). As a system it seeks to overcome overload or excess of irrelevant i...

  5. Semantic Architecture for Web application Security

    Abdul Razzaq

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Growth of web applications has facilitated the humanity almost in all aspects of life especially e-health, e-business and e-communication but this application are exposed for web attacks, unauthorized access, evil intentions and treacherous engagements. Various strategies have been formulated over a period of time in the form of intrusion detection system, encryption devices, and firewalls but still proved to be ineffective. In this paper, we have proposed a system having semantic architecture that is capable of performing detection semantically in the context of HTTP protocol, the data, and the target application. The knowledgebase of the system is the ontological representation of communication protocol, attacks data and the application profile that can be refined and expanded over time. Unlike traditional signature base approach, the semantic architecture analysis the HTTP request with the help of semantic rules and inferred knowledge after reasoning of knowledgebase through Inference engine. Non signature based approach of the system enhance the capability of the system to detect the unknown attacks with low false positive rate. The system is evaluated by comparing with existing open source solutions and showing significant improvement in term of detection ability with low alarm rate

  6. Semantic Vector Machines

    Vincent, Etter

    2011-01-01

    We first present our work in machine translation, during which we used aligned sentences to train a neural network to embed n-grams of different languages into an $d$-dimensional space, such that n-grams that are the translation of each other are close with respect to some metric. Good n-grams to n-grams translation results were achieved, but full sentences translation is still problematic. We realized that learning semantics of sentences and documents was the key for solving a lot of natural language processing problems, and thus moved to the second part of our work: sentence compression. We introduce a flexible neural network architecture for learning embeddings of words and sentences that extract their semantics, propose an efficient implementation in the Torch framework and present embedding results comparable to the ones obtained with classical neural language models, while being more powerful.

  7. Types of B2B E-Business Model Commonly Used: An Empirical Study On Australian Agribusines Firms

    Ng, Eric

    2005-01-01

    This paper explores the various B2B e-business models commonly used using in-depth interviews and case studies conducted with Australian agribusiness firms. There is an apparent need to rethink the types of e-business models to be adopted as businesses make their transition toward the electronic environment. This is particularly evident in the B2B market where e-business has seen a significant growth. From the analysis, 10 B2B e-business models were identified with seven of them regarded as c...

  8. Jigsaw Semantics

    Paul J. E. Dekker

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In the last decade the enterprise of formal semantics has been under attack from several philosophical and linguistic perspectives, and it has certainly suffered from its own scattered state, which hosts quite a variety of paradigms which may seem to be incompatible. It will not do to try and answer the arguments of the critics, because the arguments are often well-taken. The negative conclusions, however, I believe are not. The only adequate reply seems to be a constructive one, which puts several pieces of formal semantics, in particular dynamic semantics, together again. In this paper I will try and sketch an overview of tasks, techniques, and results, which serves to at least suggest that it is possible to develop a coherent overall picture of undeniably important and structural phenomena in the interpretation of natural language. The idea is that the concept of meanings as truth conditions after all provides an excellent start for an integrated study of the meaning and use of natural language, and that an extended notion of goal directed pragmatics naturally complements this picture. None of the results reported here are really new, but we think it is important to re-collect them.ReferencesAsher, Nicholas & Lascarides, Alex. 1998. ‘Questions in Dialogue’. Linguistics and Philosophy 23: 237–309.http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1005364332007Borg, Emma. 2007. ‘Minimalism versus contextualism in semantics’. In Gerhard Preyer & Georg Peter (eds. ‘Context-Sensitivity and Semantic Minimalism’, pp. 339–359. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Cappelen, Herman & Lepore, Ernest. 1997. ‘On an Alleged Connection between Indirect Quotation and Semantic Theory’. Mind and Language 12: pp. 278–296.Cappelen, Herman & Lepore, Ernie. 2005. Insensitive Semantics. Oxford: Blackwell.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470755792Dekker, Paul. 2002. ‘Meaning and Use of Indefinite Expressions’. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 11: pp. 141–194

  9. Semantic web mining

    Stumme, Gerd; Hotho, Andreas; Berendt, Bettina

    2006-01-01

    Semantic Web Mining aims at combining the two fast-developing research areas Semantic Web and Web Mining. This survey analyzes the convergence of trends from both areas: an increasing number of researchers is working on improving the results of Web Mining by exploiting semantic structures in the Web, and they make use of Web Mining techniques for building the Semantic Web. Last but not least, these techniques can be used for mining the Semantic Web itself. The Semantic Web is t...

  10. Geospatial semantic web

    Zhang, Chuanrong; Li, Weidong

    2015-01-01

    This book covers key issues related to Geospatial Semantic Web, including geospatial web services for spatial data interoperability; geospatial ontology for semantic interoperability; ontology creation, sharing, and integration; querying knowledge and information from heterogeneous data source; interfaces for Geospatial Semantic Web, VGI (Volunteered Geographic Information) and Geospatial Semantic Web; challenges of Geospatial Semantic Web; and development of Geospatial Semantic Web applications. This book also describes state-of-the-art technologies that attempt to solve these problems such

  11. Categorizing Health Websites: E-Knowledge, E-Business and E-Professional

    Usher, Wayne; Skinner, James

    2011-01-01

    This article presents three types of health website categories (e-knowledge, e-business and e-professional) which are currently being used to disseminate health-related information, services and medical literature to the health consumer and professional. Moreover, criteria which have been used to establish a health website's category is…

  12. E-Business in Education. What You Need To Know: Building Competencies for Tomorrow's Opportunities.

    Norris, Donald M.; Olson, Mark A.

    This guidebook is based on the belief that e-business applications will transform academia and academic support experiences, with learners participating in distributed learning environments that mix physical and virtual learning resources in many combinations, and it offers insights into the strategies and planning needed to develop a college…

  13. E-Business and Online Learning: Connections and Opportunities for Vocational Education and Training.

    Mitchell, John

    Australian vocational education and training (VET) providers show increasing interest in using electronic technology to provide online learning, student services, and business functions, according to a study that included a literature review, Internet search, interviews with organizations that use e-business models for online learning, analysis of…

  14. Perceptions of Accounting Practitioners and Educators on E-Business Curriculum and Web Security Issues

    Ragothaman, Srinivasan; Lavin, Angeline; Davies, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    This research examines, through survey administration, the perceptions of accounting practitioners and educators with respect to the multi-faceted security issues of e-commerce payment systems as well as e-business curriculum issues. Specific security issues explored include misuse/theft of personal and credit card information, spam e-mails,…

  15. Communication in Second Life and E-business Opportunities: A Case Analysis

    Sharma Gajendra

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Second life is an online, 3D virtual world imagined and created by its residents. The aim of the current study is to investigate why people communicate in second life and effectiveness of communication to perform e-business in virtual environment. The most common communication media used in second life are text and voice, instant messaging and video conferencing. The intention of residents entering second Life is to interact with each other, socialize and conduct e-business. The major theoretical background used in this study was the communication theory and social systems, theory of intrinsic motivation and word of mouth communication. A case analysis from second life residents was performed to study communication behavior of residents and e-business opportunities. The result was focused on the efficiency and superiority of communication in second life among other social networking sites such as Facebook, Myspace, Twitter and Youtube and its significance on real world business. The findings provided that communication in virtual environment plays pivotal role for social networking and e-business growth.

  16. E-business Sees Rapid Development in China's Oil and Petrochemical Field

    2002-01-01

    @@ A two-day high-level e-business forum on petroleum and petrochemical industry, sponsored by China Chemicals Information Center, was held in Beijing in late-April, at which Vice President of CNPC Yan Sanzhong addressed opening speech.

  17. Editorial: New Frontiers in e-Business and e-Government

    Li, F.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This special issue will explore a wide range of issues, from the emerging opportunities and challenges of MMORPGs, the new media industries, emerging technologies and applications and new Challengesin e-Government and e-Public services, to using e-Business to facilitate regional economic developments.

  18. Training and Human Resource Issues in Small E-Businesses: Towards a Research Agenda

    Matlay, Harry

    2004-01-01

    A great deal has been written in recent years about the internet and the emergence of e-businesses operating in the global e-economy. Although a small proportion of the expanding literature on this topic is based on empirically rigorous research, the bulk of publications tend to be of limited value to small business owner/managers. Furthermore,…

  19. Selection of Server-Side Technologies for an E-Business Curriculum

    Sandvig, J. Christopher

    2007-01-01

    The rapid growth of e-business and e-commerce has made server-side programming an increasingly important topic in information systems (IS) and computer science (CS) curricula. This article presents an overview of the major features of several popular server-side programming technologies and discusses the factors that influence the selection of…

  20. High Technology Service Value Maximization through an MCDM-Based Innovative e-Business Model

    Huang, Chi-Yo; Tzeng, Gwo-Hshiung; Ho, Wen-Rong; Chuang, Hsiu-Tyan; Lue, Yeou-Feng

    The emergence of the Internet has changed the high technology marketing channels thoroughly in the past decade while E-commerce has already become one of the most efficient channels which high technology firms may skip the intermediaries and reach end customers directly. However, defining appropriate e-business models for commercializing new high technology products or services through Internet are not that easy. To overcome the above mentioned problems, a novel analytic framework based on the concept of high technology customers’ competence set expansion by leveraging high technology service firms’ capabilities and resources as well as novel multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) techniques, will be proposed in order to define an appropriate e-business model. An empirical example study of a silicon intellectual property (SIP) commercialization e-business model based on MCDM techniques will be provided for verifying the effectiveness of this novel analytic framework. The analysis successful assisted a Taiwanese IC design service firm to define an e-business model for maximizing its customer’s SIP transactions. In the future, the novel MCDM framework can be applied successful to novel business model definitions in the high technology industry.

  1. An explanatory model of the organizational factors that explain the adoption of E-business

    Marta Beatriz García-Moreno

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to describe the factors that facilitate the adoption of e-business in firms. To go in deep on the factors, resources and capabilities that need to be present in those firms seeking to improve their levels of e-business adoption. Design/methodology/approach: analysis of the literature involving the main theories on business administration, and more specifically, on those related to technology innovation (TI and information systems (IS, as applicable to the organizational factors that explain the adoption of e-business. Findings: it identifies three main sources of influence: a first group covers the characteristics of the actual firm, which refer to the organisation’s specific features: firm size, the backing of top management, expected benefit, age, the level of human capital, and international projection. A second group of factors includes technology-related characteristics. The third group contains all those aspects in the environment that may affect the firm’s attitude to e-business. Research limitations/implications: the chosen variables play significant role following a review of the studies on the subject, but not all potential ones have been included. The variables have been chosen in view of the large number of studies that have reported conclusive results. Practical implications: the model presented is designed to enable both scholars in this field and decision-makers in strategic matters to reflect upon those aspects that may drive the adoption of e-business, and thereby help them to make more informed decisions on the matter. Social implications: In highly competitive industries, firms need to keep themselves permanently up to speed with technological advances and strategic innovations Originality/value: it is the first study that considers three different perspectives: the organizational, the technological and the environmental one.

  2. A COMPARISON OF ICT USE (E-BUSINESS TOOLS IN COMPANIES OF SELECTED COUNTRIES

    Jan Petrtyl

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Information and communication technologies (ICT are definitely a phenomenon that has changed our world. According to the European Commission (2008, p.13: “ICT is an umbrella term that encompasses a wide array of systems, devices and services used for data processing (the information side of ICT as well as telecommunications equipment and services for data transmission and communication (the communication side”. Institutions such as for instance Eurostat deal with statistical monitoring and classification of ICT use at companies. The presented research is focused on the comparison of e-business in selected countries. For the purposes of the research study, the data available from the open electronic database of Eurostat (2013 for analyses of ICT use in a business sector were used. A composite indicator was established and the level of e-business (a notion introduced by the European Commission, 2010 in selected countries in categories: Business information systems, Purchase and sale, Cooperation within SCM, and Education, communication and remote access was monitored. The attention was paid to the differences in monitored categories for SMEs and large enterprises. The contribution of the presented study is to mediate a picture of the implementation of e-business tools in selected EU countries on the basis of the large database of Eurostat (2013. The comparison between the Czech Republic and Germany, but also between other relevant competitors from the Visegrad group shows the Czech level of e-business. The outputs also show that the level of e-business at SMEs is lower than at large enterprises, that is in all selected countries.

  3. Semantic Web

    Hall, Wendy; O'Hara, Kieron

    2009-01-01

    The Semantic Web is a proposed extension to the World Wide Web (WWW) that aims to provide a common framework for sharing and reusing data across applications. The most common interfaces to the World Wide Web present it as a Web of Documents, linked in various ways including hyperlinks. But from the data point of view, each document is a black box – the data are not given independently of their representation in the document. This reduces its power, and also (as most information needs to be ex...

  4. Semantic Conflicts Reconciliation as a Viable Solution for Semantic Heterogeneity Problems

    Walaa S. Ismail

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Achieving semantic interoperability is a current challenge in the field of data integration in order to bridge semantic conflicts occurring when the participating sources and receivers use different or implicit data assumptions. Providing a framework that automatically detects and resolves semantic conflicts is considered as a daunting task for many reasons, it should preserve the local autonomy of the integrated sources, as well as provides a standard query language for accessing the integrated data on a global basis. Many existing traditional and ontology-based approaches have tried to achieve semantic interoperability, but they have certain drawbacks that make them inappropriate for integrating data from a large number of participating sources. We propose semantic conflicts reconciliation (SCR framework, it is ontology-based system in which all data semantics explicitly described in the knowledge representation phase and automatically taken into account through the interpretation mediation service phase, so conflicts detected and resolved automatically at the query time

  5. Quality measurement of semantic standards

    Folmer, E.J.A.; Oude Luttighuis, P.H.W.M.; Hillegersberg, J. van

    2010-01-01

    Quality of semantic standards is unadressed in current research while there is an explicit need from standard developers. The business importance is evident since quality of standards will have impact on its diffusion and achieved interoperability in practice. An instrument to measure the quality of

  6. Semantic Web

    Anna Lamandini

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The semantic Web is a technology at the service of knowledge which is aimed at accessibility and the sharing of content; facilitating interoperability between different systems and as such is one of the nine key technological pillars of TIC (technologies for information and communication within the third theme, programme specific cooperation of the seventh programme framework for research and development (7°PQRS, 2007-2013. As a system it seeks to overcome overload or excess of irrelevant information in Internet, in order to facilitate specific or pertinent research. It is an extension of the existing Web in which the aim is for cooperation between and the computer and people (the dream of Sir Tim Berners –Lee where machines can give more support to people when integrating and elaborating data in order to obtain inferences and a global sharing of data. It is a technology that is able to favour the development of a “data web” in other words the creation of a space in both sets of interconnected and shared data (Linked Data which allows users to link different types of data coming from different sources. It is a technology that will have great effect on everyday life since it will permit the planning of “intelligent applications” in various sectors such as education and training, research, the business world, public information, tourism, health, and e-government. It is an innovative technology that activates a social transformation (socio-semantic Web on a world level since it redefines the cognitive universe of users and enables the sharing not only of information but of significance (collective and connected intelligence.

  7. E-business and its Application in Conditions of Central European Market

    Naci Tolga Saruc

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Aim of this paper is highlighting possibilities in effective utilization of Information and Communication Technologies for supporting entrepreneurship (e-business for Small and Medium enterprises. The core research carried on for duration of twelve months covered analysis and following presentation of possibilities of practical utilization of e-business applications. Furthermore research was oriented towards innovative forms of marketing communication in Real Corporation conducting business in Central European market. Analyzing data on collected findings can add value towards gaining a significant competitive advantage in form of better understanding of real facts influencing entrepreneurship in principle. This can lead consequently to positive influence on corporate effectiveness in the environment of Small and Medium enterprises.

  8. THE NEED TO USE DATA MINING TECHNIQUES IN E-BUSINESS

    Claudia Elena Dinucă

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The number of Internet users rose from 400 million in 2000 to just over 2 billion in early 2011. This means that approximately one third of the world's population uses the internet. Taking these conditions into consideration, the way how businesses are designed need to be changed Many companies that, over the last century could not even dream that could have a certain volume of activity or they could face competition with industry giants, have succeeded in giving to enjoy great success. For example: Amazon.com, founded in 1995, had in 1999 a turnover of at least 13 times higher than other prestigious names in the U.S., such as Barnes & Noble and Borders Books & Music. E-business is the key to make life easier for the people. Knowledge of e-business environment is essential for doing business in this century. More must be understood and new technologies applied to extract knowledge from data.

  9. Mapping of Core Components Based e-Business Standards into Ontology

    Magdalenić, Ivan; Vrdoljak, Boris; Schatten, Markus

    A mapping of Core Components specification based e-business standards to an ontology is presented. The Web Ontology Language (OWL) is used for ontology development. In order to preserve the existing hierarchy of the standards, an emphasis is put on the mapping of Core Components elements to specific constructs in OWL. The main purpose of developing an e-business standards' ontology is to create a foundation for an automated mapping system that would be able to convert concepts from various standards in an independent fashion. The practical applicability and verification of the presented mappings is tested on the mapping of Universal Business Language version 2.0 and Cross Industry Invoice version 2.0 to OWL.

  10. Developing E-Business Strategies Curriculum Case Study in the Information Systems Department

    Thoria Alghamdi

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available E-Business Strategies (EBS is an elective course in the Information Systems Department, Faculty of Computing & Information Technology at King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah. In this course, students learn many concepts regarding e-business, such as strategies, models, relationships and so on. Also, they improve their leadership skills, such as analyzing the business environment and take the decisions. In this paper, we address the main challenges faced by the EBS course developers and study all the components of the existing EBS course. We then determine a learning strategy using an Outcomes-based Education (OBE approach and redesign the course using an Active Learning Approach. This paper provides comprehensive information concerning an EBS course in terms of its importance, goals, textbook and evaluation tools.

  11. Determinants and Role of Trust in E-Business: A Large Scale Empirical Study

    Sultan, Fareena.; Urban, Glen; Shankar, Venkatesh; Bart, Iakov

    2003-01-01

    This research investigates the determinants and role of consumer trust in e-business. It examines consumer perceptions of trust in a Web site and addresses the following key research questions: What factors influence consumer trust in a Web site and what specific Web site trust cues are associated with these factors? How does trust affect consumer behavioral intent on a Web site? To address these questions, we develop a conceptual model that links consumer perceptions of Web site characterist...

  12. A Qualitative Study of E-Business Adoption in the Real Estate Sector in China

    YAN SUN

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this qualitative study is to investigate e-business adoption into real estate agencies in China. This research focuses on the advantages and disadvantages of IT/IS (Information Technology/Information Systems integration through face to face interviews with property agency managers in Suzhou. Particularly, it looks into the real estate sector in China today and provides implications to improve service quality and stay competitive within local real estate agencies in Suzhou, China.

  13. Technological change: An analysis of the diffusion and implications of e-business technologies

    Köllinger, Philipp

    2005-01-01

    Die vorliegende Dissertation beschäftigt sich hauptsächlich mit zwei Fragen: Erstens, welche Faktoren beein-flussen den Prozess, durch den sich neue Technologien unter Firmen verbreiten? Zweitens, welche Konsequen-zen ergeben sich aus der Verbreitung neuer Technologien? Beide Fragen beschäftigen sich mit der Dynamik des technologischen Wandels. Die Analyse wird am konkreten Beispiel von e-Business Technologien durchgeführt. Dabei werden insbesondere die Konsequenzen von interdependenten Tech...

  14. Testing and Monitoring E-Business using the Event-driven Test Scripting Language

    Durand, Jacques [Fujitsu Software; Kulvatunyou, Boonserm [ORNL; Woo, Jungyub [POSTECH University, South Korea; Monica, Martin [Sun Microsystems, Inc.

    2007-03-01

    This paper addresses challenges associated with conformance and interoperability testing of today's e-business technologies and proposes a new approach that improves on existing test scripting languages and operation modes. A test model and scripting are described, namely, the Event-driven Test Scripting Language (eTSL). We contrasted this new approach with existing testing technologies and provide examples that illustrate the use of both the model and the language.

  15. E-BUSINESSES AND INFORMATIONAL SOCIETY AND THEIR IMPACT ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

    Adela Suzana ARTENE

    2014-01-01

    The term of informational society arose from the necessity to accurately denote the society's transformation, generated by the rapid development of information and communications technology. Through the extremely rapid growth of the quality of e-businesses and communication services, the society went through a drastic change process due to the access liberalization to information and communications, thus becoming an information society, practically an e-society. For governments and publi...

  16. Understanding the implementation of e-business strategies: Evidence from Luxembourg

    Martin, Ludivine

    2009-01-01

    Our empirical study aims at identifying the drivers of the implementation of an e-business strategy by firms located in Luxembourg. The setting up of such a strategy is apprehended through the website and the type of strategy through the functionalities available on the Internet. Thus we distinguish an information-oriented strategy from a commercially oriented one. Probit analyses and models derived from count data models are conducted on a dataset of website investments by about 1100 firms l...

  17. BARRIERS IN IMPLEMENTATION OF E-BUSINESS TECHNOLOGIES IN SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES (SMEs) IN PAKISTAN

    Anwar Ali Shah G. Syed; Faiz M.Shaikh

    2012-01-01

    The current research investigates the Barriers in implementation of E-Business Technologies in Small and Medium enterprises (SMEs) in Pakistan. Data were collected from 2000 respondents by using simple random technique. A structural questionnaire was developed for the data collection and reliability and validity of data. It was revealed that most of the SMEs business owners are not familiar in using internet and in many cases they are not computer literate. It was further revealed that Govern...

  18. The benefits of e-business adoption : an empirical study of Swedish SMEs

    Beheshti, Hooshang; Salehi-Sangari, Esmail

    2007-01-01

    The global nature of business today and the advances in information and communications technologies have compelled corporations to employ emerging technologies in order to remain competitive. In recent years electronic business has been adopted by many corporations to improve operational efficiency, profitability, and to strengthen their competitive position. This study examines the impact of web-based e-business on the small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) in Sweden. The analyses of data ...

  19. E-business in European food and beverages industry: current applications & future trends

    Vlachos, Ilias

    2004-01-01

    This study examined a number of key issues regarding applications of e-business and Information & Communication Technologies in European Food and Beverage Industry. For this purpose a pan European survey was conducted during the period October-November 2002. The role and use of ICT technologies mirrors the structure of the industry: dominance by large multinationals, where the creation of industrial groups (tied to mergers and subsidiaries) has encouraged the installation of interconnecte...

  20. Implementation of a Cloud Data Server (CDS) for Providing Secure Service in E-Business

    D.Kesavaraja; Balasubramanian, R; D. Sasireka

    2010-01-01

    Cloud Data Servers is the novel approach for providing secure service to e-business .Millions of users are surfing the Cloud for various purposes, therefore they need highly safe and persistent services. Usually hackers target particular Operating Systems or a Particular Controller. Inspiteof several ongoing researches Conventional Web Servers and its Intrusion Detection System might not be able to detect such attacks. So we implement a Cloud Data Server with Session Controller Architecture u...

  1. How e-business influences on time customer delivery: An empirical investigation on insurance industry

    Naser Azad; Sheima Tahmasebi Tehrani; Somayeh Hozouri

    2013-01-01

    During the past few years, e-business has revolutionized insurance industry and it has become as one of the most important techniques to reach global market. This paper presents an empirical investigation to find important factors influencing on time delivery to customers. The proposed study of this paper designs a questionnaire consists of 28 items in Likert scale, which was reduced to 24 and using principle component analysis, the study finds different important factors. Cronbach alpha is c...

  2. Modelling of e-business process exception handling using workfow method

    Vojevodina, Dovilė

    2007-01-01

    The introduction of the dissertation gives a short overview of the scope of the research. The first chapter discusses the ways and methods of business process modelling and gives summary on exception types and their nature. The second chapter discusses in detail the exception models, occurring in e-business processes. The third chapter describes the results of the research on handling exceptions in B2C environment. The last, fourth, chapter discusses the method of handling exceptions in B2B e...

  3. Determinants of E-business Adoption: Evidence from Firms in India, Nigeria, Uganda

    Oyelaran-Oyeyinka, Banji; Lal, Kaushalesh

    2004-01-01

    In this paper we employ firm-level data collected in three countries to analyze factors determining the adoption of internal e-business technologies in developing countries. The main objectives of the study are: identification of clusters based on technology adopted, classify firms in each cluster, investigate factors that resulted in technology adoption, and finally, analyse these factors within a multivariate framework. The variables that emerged significant display considerable variety acr...

  4. Policy, economic, and industry repercussions of current e-business diffusion rate In European food industry

    Vlachos, Ilias

    2005-01-01

    European policy is focussed on promoting the business techniques and new ways of working which will provide the economic and social foundation of the information society in Europe. To help policy makers define their programmes, and to monitor the effectiveness of these policies, it is essential to examine progress as well as identify areas requiring active support. This study examined the repercussions of e-business progress in the food sector based on the findings of a large quantitative sur...

  5. A Semantic Web Blackboard System

    McKenzie, Craig; Preece, Alun; Gray, Peter

    In this paper, we propose a Blackboard Architecture as a means for coordinating hybrid reasoning over the Semantic Web. We describe the components of traditional blackboard systems (Knowledge Sources, Blackboard, Controller) and then explain how we have enhanced these by incorporating some of the principles of the Semantic Web to pro- duce our Semantic Web Blackboard. Much of the framework is already in place to facilitate our research: the communication protocol (HTTP); the data representation medium (RDF); a rich expressive description language (OWL); and a method of writing rules (SWRL). We further enhance this by adding our own constraint based formalism (CIF/SWRL) into the mix. We provide an example walk-though of our test-bed system, the AKTive Workgroup Builder and Blackboard(AWB+B), illustrating the interaction and cooperation of the Knowledge Sources and providing some context as to how the solution is achieved. We conclude with the strengths and weaknesses of the architecture.

  6. Semantic Context Detection Using Audio Event Fusion

    Cheng Wen-Huang

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Semantic-level content analysis is a crucial issue in achieving efficient content retrieval and management. We propose a hierarchical approach that models audio events over a time series in order to accomplish semantic context detection. Two levels of modeling, audio event and semantic context modeling, are devised to bridge the gap between physical audio features and semantic concepts. In this work, hidden Markov models (HMMs are used to model four representative audio events, that is, gunshot, explosion, engine, and car braking, in action movies. At the semantic context level, generative (ergodic hidden Markov model and discriminative (support vector machine (SVM approaches are investigated to fuse the characteristics and correlations among audio events, which provide cues for detecting gunplay and car-chasing scenes. The experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approaches and provide a preliminary framework for information mining by using audio characteristics.

  7. The Position of Local Governance Units in the Process of Introducing and Legal Standardization of the e-Business

    Muharem Kozic

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available When it comes to electronic business on the level of local governance units, primarily is referedon their position in the process, responsibilities and barriers for development of the e-business. Since the municipal serve to citizens, it would be good to initiatives and proposals for improvement of e-business that already exists in different versions ranging "bottom-up", or toward higher levels, where higher levels would work on the improving and the legal framework, which would strive for required uniformity e-business, due to the fact that local governance units have the same statutory authority.

  8. Programming the semantic web

    Segaran, Toby; Taylor, Jamie

    2009-01-01

    With this book, the promise of the Semantic Web -- in which machines can find, share, and combine data on the Web -- is not just a technical possibility, but a practical reality Programming the Semantic Web demonstrates several ways to implement semantic web applications, using current and emerging standards and technologies. You'll learn how to incorporate existing data sources into semantically aware applications and publish rich semantic data. Each chapter walks you through a single piece of semantic technology and explains how you can use it to solve real problems. Whether you're writing

  9. Enabling Semantic Technology Empowered Smart Spaces

    Jussi Kiljander

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available It has been proposed that Semantic Web technologies would be key enablers in achieving context-aware computing in our everyday environments. In our vision of semantic technology empowered smart spaces, the whole interaction model is based on the sharing of semantic data via common blackboards. This approach allows smart space applications to take full advantage of semantic technologies. Because of its novelty, there is, however, a lack of solutions and methods for developing semantic smart space applications according to this vision. In this paper, we present solutions to the most relevant challenges we have faced when developing context-aware computing in smart spaces. In particular the paper describes (1 methods for utilizing semantic technologies with resource restricted-devices, (2 a solution for identifying real world objects in semantic technology empowered smart spaces, (3 a method for users to modify the behavior of context-aware smart space applications, and (4 an approach for content sharing between autonomous smart space agents. The proposed solutions include ontologies, system models, and guidelines for building smart spaces with the M3 semantic information sharing platform. To validate and demonstrate the approaches in practice, we have implemented various prototype smart space applications and tools.

  10. Social Semantics for an Effective Enterprise

    Berndt, Sarah; Doane, Mike

    2012-01-01

    An evolution of the Semantic Web, the Social Semantic Web (s2w), facilitates knowledge sharing with "useful information based on human contributions, which gets better as more people participate." The s2w reaches beyond the search box to move us from a collection of hyperlinked facts, to meaningful, real time context. When focused through the lens of Enterprise Search, the Social Semantic Web facilitates the fluid transition of meaningful business information from the source to the user. It is the confluence of human thought and computer processing structured with the iterative application of taxonomies, folksonomies, ontologies, and metadata schemas. The importance and nuances of human interaction are often deemphasized when focusing on automatic generation of semantic markup, which results in dissatisfied users and unrealized return on investment. Users consistently qualify the value of information sets through the act of selection, making them the de facto stakeholders of the Social Semantic Web. Employers are the ultimate beneficiaries of s2w utilization with a better informed, more decisive workforce; one not achieved with an IT miracle technology, but by improved human-computer interactions. Johnson Space Center Taxonomist Sarah Berndt and Mike Doane, principal owner of Term Management, LLC discuss the planning, development, and maintenance stages for components of a semantic system while emphasizing the necessity of a Social Semantic Web for the Enterprise. Identification of risks and variables associated with layering the successful implementation of a semantic system are also modeled.

  11. Towards a New Understanding of the e-Business Strategic Process: The Rise of a Dynamic Interaction-Based Approach

    Ivang, Reimer

    2013-01-01

    In the early 1970s, strategic planning was introduced onto the corporate management scene and since then it has been a dominating conceptual frame for understanding and designing various strategies in the corporate world. Nearly a decade later, strategic planning has been used by various scholars...... to explain how companies could strategize in the field of ICT and e-business. Strategic information systems planning (SISP) is an example of this application of strategic planning in the field of e-business. The prominence of SISP within the corporate IS strategy literature has been dramatic, but......-business strategic process adapt to changes in the planning environment and internal changes within the organization? E-business strategy, because of increased uncertainty and environmental complexity, must encourage interaction between key stakeholders that implement and use the e-business technology. The...

  12. Drivers of E-Business Value Creation in Banking Sector in Jordan: A Structural Equation Modeling Application

    Ali Ahmad Alawneh; Ishaq Oyebisi Oyefolahan

    2014-01-01

    With the development and growth of internet, its applications of e-banking, e-commerce, and e-business became irreplaceable channels regarding its fast access, rich content, and smooth interactivity. High investments are paid toward improving the quality of service offered by the banks. This paper is dedicated to empirically investigating the drivers of e-Business value creation in the Jordanian banking sector. This work summarizes the main differences among employee s of Jordanian and foreig...

  13. The investigation of e-business engagement by SMEs with reference to strategic networks and aggregation: the dairy farming industry

    Lockett, N J; Brown, D H

    2003-01-01

    The lack of anticipated engagement in e-business by small to medium sized enterprises (SMEs), who are an important contributor to economic activity, is of increasing concern to governments and service providers alike. This paper explores the use of a conceptual framework which includes theoretical contributions from ICT adoption by SMEs, strategic networks and inter-organisational systems and e-business models literatures in an industry specific context, in this case the UK dairy farming indu...

  14. A European study of E-business maturity and ICT-benefits: is there a conditional relationship?

    Batenburg, R.; Constantiou, I.

    2009-01-01

    The present study explores the relationship between the e-business maturity and the perceived benefits from (Information and Communication Technologies) ICT at the firm level. We aim to debunk this relationship in terms of its strength and stability, and to explore the conditions which may influence it. Taking an economic approach, we hypothesise that the relation between e-business maturity and perceived benefits from ICT adoption will be influenced the costs of intra-organisational adaptati...

  15. Quality check carried out by bricklayers –An E-business solution in a chaotic environment

    Koch, Christian; Vogelius, Peter

    2006-01-01

    E-business solutions with mobile elements receives increasing attention. The paper evaluates a system within management of quality in architecture, engineering and construction businesses as a test- success which however does not embed in the industry due to a laissez faire type of IT......-governance. This renders a perspective of Demingian quality development supported by E-business solutions and carried out by craftsmen less likely despite a fertile Scandinavian context....

  16. Presentations of the PTAC wireless, telecommunications and e-business technology conference

    NONE

    2003-07-01

    This conference was attended by experts in the telecommunications industry who demonstrated how the petroleum industry can reduce costs and improve profitability through innovative wireless, telecommunications and e-business technology solutions. The conference was divided into two main sessions, featuring field operation presentations and head office presentations. Current technologies and success stories and challenges were presented for exploration, drilling, completions and production operations. The conference featured 16 presentations, of which 12 have been indexed separately for inclusion in this database. refs., tabs., figs.

  17. Solution E-business En Algérie (E-commerce)

    BAGHDAD, Othmane

    2014-01-01

    Notre système a aussi pour objectifs : d’introduire la notion d’E-business, d’élargir le champ d’intervention en ciblant les 8 millions d’internaute et les 33 millions d’abonnées en téléphonie mobile. Afin de développer notre système, nous avons choisi d’être un fournisseur de solution de paiement électronique en proposant notre module de paiement flexible à toutes les entreprises qui veulent proposer leurs produits ou services, en lui offrant le choix et la mobilité d’acheter et de payer ...

  18. ERP and E-Business Application Deployment in Open Source Distributed Cloud Systems

    George SUCIU; Traian-Lucian MILITARU; Gyorgy TODORAN

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we present the way in which we combine SlapOS, the fist open source operating system for distributed cloud computing, and Enterprise Resource Modeling (ERP) to provide an simple, unified API for E-Business Applications based on Iaas, PaaS and SaaS models. SlapOS is based on a grid computing daemon – called slapgrid – which is capable of installing any software on a PC and instantiate any number of processes of potentially infinite duration of any installed software using a maste...

  19. Economic Observation in 3Q E-business Fight - According to Analysis of Resource Allocation and Contract

    Kuang, Ruihu; Chen, Zeming; Kuang, Juchi

    Based on relation of resource allocation and marginal benefit of e-commence provider, both of origin and essence of the 3Q e-business fight were analyzed; and then contents of the contract between e-business company and users were elaborated. Moreover, liability for Qihoo's breach of the contract in 3Q e-business fight was discussed. Analysis of the contract indicated that blame of infringing on privacy of users from public, media or even a law professor for Tengxun Company is not exactly justicial. Some controversial rules which are not fit for usual practices in the QQ contract such as narrow definition of privacy were found out, whose reason lies in no relevant e-business standards or rules in our country. In the end, this passage points out that actions of government who intervened in market operations of Tengxun Company and QQ Company are inappropriate and unnecessary. Thus, responsibility for facing up to incomplete market rules of e-commence lies with government and government should strengthen market supervision by legislation so as to guide healthy development of e-business market, which is a key lesson we learn from the 3Q e-business fight.

  20. Using multi-class queuing network to solve performance models of e-business sites.

    Zheng, Xiao-ying; Chen, De-ren

    2004-01-01

    Due to e-business's variety of customers with different navigational patterns and demands, multi-class queuing network is a natural performance model for it. The open multi-class queuing network(QN) models are based on the assumption that no service center is saturated as a result of the combined loads of all the classes. Several formulas are used to calculate performance measures, including throughput, residence time, queue length, response time and the average number of requests. The solution technique of closed multi-class QN models is an approximate mean value analysis algorithm (MVA) based on three key equations, because the exact algorithm needs huge time and space requirement. As mixed multi-class QN models, include some open and some closed classes, the open classes should be eliminated to create a closed multi-class QN so that the closed model algorithm can be applied. Some corresponding examples are given to show how to apply the algorithms mentioned in this article. These examples indicate that multi-class QN is a reasonably accurate model of e-business and can be solved efficiently. PMID:14663849

  1. Using multi-class queuing network to solve performance models of e-business sites

    ZHENG Xiao-ying (郑小盈); CHEN De-ren (陈德人)

    2004-01-01

    Due to e-business's variety of customers with different navigational patterns and demands, multi-class queuing network is a natural performance model for it. The open multi-class queuing network(QN) models are based on the assumption that no service center is saturated as a result of the combined loads of all the classes. Several formulas are used to calculate performance measures, including throughput, residence time, queue length, response time and the average number of requests. The solution technique of closed multi-class QN models is an approximate mean value analysis algorithm (MVA) based on three key equations, because the exact algorithm needs huge time and space requirement. As mixed multi-class QN models, include some open and some closed classes, the open classes should be eliminated to create a closed multi-class QN so that the closed model algorithm can be applied. Some corresponding examples are given to show how to apply the algorithms mentioned in this article. These examples indicate that multi-class QN is a reasonably accurate model of e-business and can be solved efficiently.

  2. Personal Data Use and Morality in the E-Business Environment

    MURATA Kiyoshi; ORITO Yohko

    2004-01-01

    This paper deals with personal data use by firms in the e-business environment from the viewpoint of business administration and information ethics. Whereas the tremendous development of information and communication technology (ICT) has made it easier for firms to acquire, store, share,and utilise personal data on their customers, firms that use personal data are exposed to risks related to privacy issues. Since individuals fear the invasion of their privacy, the failure of a firm to appear or remain trustworthy would make it difficult for it to maintain accurate, up-to-date databases and to construct desirable business processes, which would affect the bottom line. Therefore, modem firms should do what they can to ensure that their customers trust them. For them, one promising way to remain trustworthy is to behave as a moral agent. Although it is difficult for any firm to meet the conditions necessary to be a moral agent, competence in behaving as a moral agent is a hard-to-imitate capability of firms for which personal data use is vital for enjoying the benefits of business relationships in the e-business environment.

  3. Biomedical semantics in the Semantic Web.

    Splendiani, Andrea; Burger, Albert; Paschke, Adrian; Romano, Paolo; Marshall, M Scott

    2011-01-01

    The Semantic Web offers an ideal platform for representing and linking biomedical information, which is a prerequisite for the development and application of analytical tools to address problems in data-intensive areas such as systems biology and translational medicine. As for any new paradigm, the adoption of the Semantic Web offers opportunities and poses questions and challenges to the life sciences scientific community: which technologies in the Semantic Web stack will be more beneficial for the life sciences? Is biomedical information too complex to benefit from simple interlinked representations? What are the implications of adopting a new paradigm for knowledge representation? What are the incentives for the adoption of the Semantic Web, and who are the facilitators? Is there going to be a Semantic Web revolution in the life sciences?We report here a few reflections on these questions, following discussions at the SWAT4LS (Semantic Web Applications and Tools for Life Sciences) workshop series, of which this Journal of Biomedical Semantics special issue presents selected papers from the 2009 edition, held in Amsterdam on November 20th. PMID:21388570

  4. The quest for information retrieval on the semantic web

    Vallet-Weadon, David; Fernández-Sánchez, Miriam; Castells-Azpilicueta, Pablo

    2005-01-01

    Semantic search has been one of the motivations of the Semantic Web since it was envisioned. We propose a model for the exploitation of ontology-based KBs to improve search over large document repositories. The retrieval model is based on an adaptation of the classic vector-space model, including an annotation weighting algorithm, and a ranking algorithm. Semantic search is combined with keyword-based search to achieve tolerance to KB incompleteness. Our proposal has been tested on corpora of...

  5. Semantics-driven event clustering in Twitter feeds

    De Boom, Cedric; Van Canneyt, Steven; Dhoedt, Bart

    2015-01-01

    Detecting events using social media such as Twitter has many useful applications in real-life situations. Many algorithms which all use different information sources - either textual, temporal, geographic or community features - have been developed to achieve this task. Semantic information is often added at the end of the event detection to classify events into semantic topics. But semantic information can also be used to drive the actual event detection, which is less covered by academic re...

  6. The Semantic eScience Framework

    McGuinness, Deborah; Fox, Peter; Hendler, James

    2010-05-01

    The goal of this effort is to design and implement a configurable and extensible semantic eScience framework (SESF). Configuration requires research into accommodating different levels of semantic expressivity and user requirements from use cases. Extensibility is being achieved in a modular approach to the semantic encodings (i.e. ontologies) performed in community settings, i.e. an ontology framework into which specific applications all the way up to communities can extend the semantics for their needs.We report on how we are accommodating the rapid advances in semantic technologies and tools and the sustainable software path for the future (certain) technical advances. In addition to a generalization of the current data science interface, we will present plans for an upper-level interface suitable for use by clearinghouses, and/or educational portals, digital libraries, and other disciplines.SESF builds upon previous work in the Virtual Solar-Terrestrial Observatory. The VSTO utilizes leading edge knowledge representation, query and reasoning techniques to support knowledge-enhanced search, data access, integration, and manipulation. It encodes term meanings and their inter-relationships in ontologies anduses these ontologies and associated inference engines to semantically enable the data services. The Semantically-Enabled Science Data Integration (SESDI) project implemented data integration capabilities among three sub-disciplines; solar radiation, volcanic outgassing and atmospheric structure using extensions to existingmodular ontolgies and used the VSTO data framework, while adding smart faceted search and semantic data registrationtools. The Semantic Provenance Capture in Data Ingest Systems (SPCDIS) has added explanation provenance capabilities to an observational data ingest pipeline for images of the Sun providing a set of tools to answer diverseend user questions such as ``Why does this image look bad?. http://tw.rpi.edu/portal/SESF

  7. Geospatial Semantics and the Semantic Web

    Ashish, Naveen

    2011-01-01

    The availability of geographic and geospatial information and services, especially on the open Web has become abundant in the last several years with the proliferation of online maps, geo-coding services, geospatial Web services and geospatially enabled applications. The need for geospatial reasoning has significantly increased in many everyday applications including personal digital assistants, Web search applications, local aware mobile services, specialized systems for emergency response, medical triaging, intelligence analysis and more. Geospatial Semantics and the Semantic Web: Foundation

  8. ERP and E-Business Application Deployment in Open Source Distributed Cloud Systems

    George SUCIU

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present the way in which we combine SlapOS, the fist open source operating system for distributed cloud computing, and Enterprise Resource Modeling (ERP to provide an simple, unified API for E-Business Applications based on Iaas, PaaS and SaaS models. SlapOS is based on a grid computing daemon – called slapgrid – which is capable of installing any software on a PC and instantiate any number of processes of potentially infinite duration of any installed software using a master-slave model. SlapOS Master follows an ERP model to handle at the same time process allocation optimization and billing.

  9. Implementation of a Cloud Data Server (CDS) for Providing Secure Service in E-Business

    Kesavaraja, D; Sasireka, D; 10.5121/ijdms.2010.2203

    2010-01-01

    Cloud Data Servers is the novel approach for providing secure service to e-business .Millions of users are surfing the Cloud for various purposes, therefore they need highly safe and persistent services. Usually hackers target particular Operating Systems or a Particular Controller. Inspiteof several ongoing researches Conventional Web Servers and its Intrusion Detection System might not be able to detect such attacks. So we implement a Cloud Data Server with Session Controller Architecture using Redundancy and Disconnected Data Access Mechanism. In this paper, we generate the hash code using MD5 algorithm. With the help of which we can circumvent even the attacks, which are undefined by traditional Systems .we implement Cloud Data Sever using Java and Hash Code backup Management using My SQL. Here we Implement AES Algorithm for providing more Security for the hash Code. The CDS using the Virtual Controller controls and monitors the Connections and modifications of the page so as to prevent malicious users fr...

  10. How e-business influences on time customer delivery: An empirical investigation on insurance industry

    Naser Azad

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available During the past few years, e-business has revolutionized insurance industry and it has become as one of the most important techniques to reach global market. This paper presents an empirical investigation to find important factors influencing on time delivery to customers. The proposed study of this paper designs a questionnaire consists of 28 items in Likert scale, which was reduced to 24 and using principle component analysis, the study finds different important factors. Cronbach alpha is calculated as 0.94. In addition, Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin Measure of Sampling Adequacy and Approx. Chi-Square are 0.882 and 2462, respectively. The study determines four important factors including dynamic organization, environment opportunities, flexible structure and customer relationship management.

  11. New Frontiers in e-Business and e-Government: Emerging opportunities and Challenges

    Barlow, A.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper is intended to provide an overview of the key issues that emerged from the presentations and discussion of a successful workshop organised by the British Academy of Management (BAM e- Business & e-Government Special Interest Group at Newcastle University Business School on 9-10 November 2006. In addition to introducing the three main papers and the research note, which are based on the keynote presentations but have been revised in light of the discussions and questions as well as reviewers’ comments on early drafts of the papers, we also highlight some of the key questions the participants raised and debated as well as issues that emerged from the open discussions.

  12. E-Business Strategy in an Online Banking Services: A Case Study

    Abdullah S. Al-Mudimigh

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Banks today are aware of both the threat and the opportunity that the Web represents. No traditional bank would dare face investment analysts without an Internet strategy. But even a detailed and thoughtful approach to the Web does not guarantee business success. The main purpose behind the launching of online banking services is to provide the customers with an alternative, more responsive and with less expensive options. With options just a click away, customers have more control than ever. They expect real-time answers and superior usability. They also want personal attention and highly customized products and services. The focus of e-business must always be on the customer. On the other hand, the technology and the business structure follow on form of the value you intend to provide to the customer.

  13. ICT Workers and Professional Spirit in the E-Business Era

    MURATA Kiyoshi; HIGASHIMOTO Shigeki

    2004-01-01

    Because of the ubiquity of information and communication technology (ICT) and ICT-based information systems, ICT workers in business organisations have power, both intentional and unintentional, over people's quality of life. On this point, all of them, not only ICT professionals but also non-professionals or end-users, need to accept responsibility to the public and to have professional spirit in order to make and keep the information society and e-business environment safe and reliable. However, an individual ICT worker is not necessarily a strong existence; he or she is in a complex situation filled with stress and pressure and his or her decisions are sometimes affected by it. Therefore, social and organisational measures to prompt ICT workers to behave in professional spirit are necessary to be taken.

  14. Revolutionizing collaboration through e-work, e-business, and e-service

    Nof, Shimon Y; Jeong, Wootae; Moghaddam, Mohsen

    2015-01-01

    Collaboration in highly distributed organizations of people, robots, and autonomous systems is and must be revolutionized by engineering augmentation. The aim is to augment humans’ abilities at work and, through this augmentation, improve organizations’ abilities to accomplish their missions. This book establishes the theoretical foundations and design principles of collaborative e-Work, e-Business and e-Service, their models and applications, design and implementation techniques. The fundamental premise is that without effective e-Work and e-Services, the potential of emerging activities, such as e-Commerce, virtual manufacturing, tele-robotic medicine, automated construction, smart energy grid, cyber-supported agriculture, and intelligent transportation cannot be fully materialized. Typically, workers and managers of such value networks are frustrated with complex information systems, originally designed and built to simplify and improve performance. Even if the human-computer interface for such systems...

  15. E-business solutions for utilities, - current state of implementation on the Internet; E-Business-Branchenloesungen - Untersuchung zum Implementierunsstand im Internet. Der Online-Weg zu den Privatkunden

    Koch, M.; Baier, D. [Brandenburgische Technische Univ. Cottbus (Germany). Lehrstuhl fuer Marketing und Innovationsmanagement

    2003-04-22

    In the first part of the contribution the benefit of an e-business system in connection with internet was illustrated by an example. The current state of implementation is the subject of this second part. In an empirical study the websites of 600 utilities were analyzed in detail. The results of this analysis are described in the following. (orig.) [German] In [1] wird der Nutzen eines E-Business-Systems in Verbindung mit dem Internet an einem praktischen Beispiel veranschaulicht. Im Folgenden wird ein Ueberblick zum aktuellen Implementierungsstand in den Enegieversorgungsunternehmen gegeben. In einer empirischen Untersuchung wurden die Webseiten von 600 EVU analysiert, die Ergebnisse der Auswertung werden vorgestellt. (orig.)

  16. E-business and the power supply specifications for data centers. A brief evaluation of emergency power supplies; E-business stelt zware eisen aan stroomvoorziening datacenters. Noodstroomvoorzieningen op een rij

    Offerman, A.

    2007-10-15

    The emergence of business services over the internet such as online banking and e-business has made the IT sector the largest user of emergency power provisions. A guaranteed uninterrupted electricity supply is an essential part of datacenters. This article lists the available options: batteries, diesel generators, fly wheels and fuel cells. [mk]. [Dutch] De opkomst van zakelijke diensten over internet zoals online bankieren en e-business maakt dat de IT-sector de grootste afnemer is geworden van noodstroomvoorzieningen. Een gegarandeerd ononderbroken stroomvoorziening is een essentieel onderdeel van datacenters. In dit artikel worden de beschikbare opties op een rijtje gezet: batterijen, dieselgeneratoren,vliegwielen en brandstofcellen.

  17. Integrated e-business solution for multi utility providers. Successful on deregulated markets with a new business strategy; Integrierte E-Business-Loesung fuer eine erfolgreiche Geschaeftsstrategie. EVU mit neuer Geschaeftsstrategie erfolgreich

    Neumann, N.; Koelmer, V.; Hauschild, M. [Sydios IT-Solutions GmbH, Berlin (Germany)

    2001-08-13

    Mastery of the core business, reduction of process costs and increased service quality require a new strategic alignment of competitive multi utility providers. Berlins IT service provider Sydios IT-Solutions attends their customers from individual strategic consulting up to the realization of a complete e-business solution that integrates all IT systems and business processes of the customer. (orig.) [German] Die Beherrschung der Kernprozesse, eine Prozesskostenreduktion und eine erhoehte Servicequalitaet erfordern eine strategische Neuausrichtung wettbewerbsfaehiger Energieversorgungsunternehmen. Die Sydios IT-Solutions betreut Kunden von einer individuellen Strategie bis zur Realisierung einer kompletten E-Business-Loesung, die alle IT-Systeme und Geschaeftsprozesse integriert. (orig.)

  18. Towards semantic web mining

    Berendt, Bettina; Hotho, Andreas; Stumme, Gerd

    2002-01-01

    Semantic Web Mining aims at combining the two fast-developing research areas Semantic Web and Web Mining. The idea is to improve, on the one hand, the results of Web Mining by exploiting the new semantic structures in the Web; and to make use of Web Mining, on overview of where the two areas meet today, and sketches ways of how a closer integration could be profitable.

  19. Applying Semantic Web Services

    Galizia, Stefania; Gugliotta, Alessio; Pedrinaci, Carlos; Domingue, John

    2007-01-01

    The use of Semantic Web Services (SWS) for increasing agility and adaptability in process execution is currently investigated in many settings. The common underlying idea is the dynamic selection, composition and mediation - on the basis of available SWS descriptions - of the most adequate Web resource (services and data) to accomplish a specific process activity. In this paper we describe IRS-III, a framework for creating and executing semantic Web services, which takes a semantic broker bas...

  20. The Semantic Web Revisited

    Shadbolt, Nigel; Berners-Lee, Tim; Hall, Wendy

    2006-01-01

    The original Scientific American article on the Semantic Web appeared in 2001. It described the evolution of a Web that consisted largely of documents for humans to read to one that included data and information for computers to manipulate. The Semantic Web is a Web of actionable information--information derived from data through a semantic theory for interpreting the symbols.This simple idea, however, remains largely unrealized. Shopbots and auction bots abound on the Web, but these are esse...

  1. Benchmarking Semantic Web technology

    García-Castro, Raúl

    2008-01-01

    Semantic Web technologies need to interchange ontologies for further use. Due to the heterogeneity in the knowledge representation formalisms of the different existing technologies, interoperability is a problem in the SemanticWeb and the limits of the interoperability of current technologies are yet unknown. A massive improvement of the interoperability of current SemanticWeb technologies, or of any other characteristic of these technologies, requires continuous evaluations that should be de...

  2. Characterizing semantic web services

    Moyano, Marcelo; Buccella, Agustina; Cechich, Alejandra; Estévez, Elsa Clara

    2004-01-01

    Semantic Web is an extension of the current web in which data contained in the web documents are machine-understandable. On the other hand, Web Services provide a new model of the web in which sites exchange dynamic information on demand. Combination of both introduces a new concept named Semantic Web Services in which semantic information is added to the different activities involved in Web Services, such as discovering, publication, composition, etc. In this paper, we analyze several propos...

  3. Quality check carried out by bricklayers –An E-business solution in a chaotic environment

    Koch, Christian; Vogelius, Peter

    2006-01-01

    E-business solutions with mobile elements receives increasing attention. The paper evaluates a system within management of quality in architecture, engineering and construction businesses as a test- success which however does not embed in the industry due to a laissez faire type of IT-governance.......E-business solutions with mobile elements receives increasing attention. The paper evaluates a system within management of quality in architecture, engineering and construction businesses as a test- success which however does not embed in the industry due to a laissez faire type of IT......-governance. This renders a perspective of Demingian quality development supported by E-business solutions and carried out by craftsmen less likely despite a fertile Scandinavian context....

  4. Semantic web for dummies

    Pollock, Jeffrey T

    2009-01-01

    Semantic Web technology is already changing how we interact with data on the Web. By connecting random information on the Internet in new ways, Web 3.0, as it is sometimes called, represents an exciting online evolution. Whether you're a consumer doing research online, a business owner who wants to offer your customers the most useful Web site, or an IT manager eager to understand Semantic Web solutions, Semantic Web For Dummies is the place to start! It will help you:Know how the typical Internet user will recognize the effects of the Semantic WebExplore all the benefits the data Web offers t

  5. Semantic Role Labeling

    Palmer, Martha; Xue, Nianwen

    2011-01-01

    This book is aimed at providing an overview of several aspects of semantic role labeling. Chapter 1 begins with linguistic background on the definition of semantic roles and the controversies surrounding them. Chapter 2 describes how the theories have led to structured lexicons such as FrameNet, VerbNet and the PropBank Frame Files that in turn provide the basis for large scale semantic annotation of corpora. This data has facilitated the development of automatic semantic role labeling systems based on supervised machine learning techniques. Chapter 3 presents the general principles of applyin

  6. Semantic prosody and judgment.

    Hauser, David J; Schwarz, Norbert

    2016-07-01

    Some words tend to co-occur exclusively with a positive or negative context in natural language use, even though such valence patterns are not dictated by definitions or are part of the words' core meaning. These words contain semantic prosody, a subtle valenced meaning derived from co-occurrence in language. As language and thought are heavily intertwined, we hypothesized that semantic prosody can affect evaluative inferences about related ambiguous concepts. Participants inferred that an ambiguous medical outcome was more negative when it was caused, a verb with negative semantic prosody, than when it was produced, a synonymous verb with no semantic prosody (Studies 1a, 1b). Participants completed sentence fragments in a manner consistent with semantic prosody (Study 2), and semantic prosody affected various other judgments in line with evaluative inferences (estimates of an event's likelihood in Study 3). Finally, semantic prosody elicited both positive and negative evaluations of outcomes across a large set of semantically prosodic verbs (Study 4). Thus, semantic prosody can exert a strong influence on evaluative judgment. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:27243765

  7. Applied Semantic Web Technologies

    Sugumaran, Vijayan

    2011-01-01

    The rapid advancement of semantic web technologies, along with the fact that they are at various levels of maturity, has left many practitioners confused about the current state of these technologies. Focusing on the most mature technologies, Applied Semantic Web Technologies integrates theory with case studies to illustrate the history, current state, and future direction of the semantic web. It maintains an emphasis on real-world applications and examines the technical and practical issues related to the use of semantic technologies in intelligent information management. The book starts with

  8. Drivers of E-Business Value Creation in Banking Sector in Jordan: A Structural Equation Modeling Application

    Ali Ahmad Alawneh

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available With the development and growth of internet, its applications of e-banking, e-commerce, and e-business became irreplaceable channels regarding its fast access, rich content, and smooth interactivity. High investments are paid toward improving the quality of service offered by the banks. This paper is dedicated to empirically investigating the drivers of e-Business value creation in the Jordanian banking sector. This work summarizes the main differences among employee s of Jordanian and foreign bank regarding their perspectives. Many of the competing foreign banks to the Jordanian banks are enforced with huge financ ial capital, having long periods of banking practices and are employing cutting-edge echnologies and tools. To minimize the technological gap, Jordanian banks are working hard to develop their e-Business services. This in one hand has to enhance their trust, satisf action, and commitment toward existing customers and entice new comers on other hand. Based on business model of Amit and Zott, i.e. the four constructs of e-Value framework (efficiency, complementarities, lock-in, and novelty, four hypotheses have been formulated to test the differences in the drivers of e-Business value creation between Jordanian and f oreign banks. A survey questionnaire in a form of paper-and-pencil was delivered ersonally to 200 employees from four main Jordanian banks and 200 employees from four foreign banks working in Jordan. The questionnaire was formed and constructed to test the proposed hypotheses. the findings in this study based on the SEM and T-test analyses, revealed important implications that will help banks’ managers to makewell-informed decisions and policies regarding investments and resources allocation for implementing e- Business strategies and ventures. The paper concludes with discussing the importance of these findings for practitioners and for future research on value accrued from e-Business services.

  9. An empirical study to measure the impact of e-business on organizational performance with an emphasis on integrated production information

    Hadi Meftahi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available During the past few decades, there have been different studies on e-business but there are limited numbers of works accomplished on measuring the impact of e-business on supply chain. Although e-business may not directly influence on organizational performance, it can have significant indirect impact on unifying customers and suppliers, which yields to a better performance of organizations. In this study, we perform an empirical study to measure the indirect impact of e-business on organizational performance. The proposed study of this paper designs a questionnaire and distributes it among 40 professional experts in various industries in province of Ilam, Iran. The survey examines four hypothesis for a possible correlation between e-business and integrated suppliers, e-business and customers, integrated customers and suppliers with organizational performance. The results of this survey confirm a positive relationship between all these components either directly or indirectly.

  10. E-business in the energy industry: from pens and pencils to protection devices; E-Business in der Energieversorgungsindustrie: Von Bleistiften und Kugelschreibern bis zu Schutzgeraeten. Einkauf beschleunigen - Kosten senken

    Karl, N. [Business Development, eBusiness and Direct Sales, Siemens Bereich Power Transmission and Distribution, Nuernberg (Germany); Greeley, R. [Concert Software and Business Services GmbH, Erlangen (Germany)

    2005-02-21

    Placing orders electronically (e-procurement) is becoming today an essential part of companies e-business strategy. For energy industry suppliers, the question now is how do they support their customers (buyers) e-procurement projects, i.e. provide them with product content? Especially when the product information required is for complex engineering items, such as switchgear and protection devices. (orig.)

  11. Pragmatics for formal semantics

    Danvy, Olivier

    2011-01-01

    This tech talk describes how to write and how to inter-derive formal semantics for sequential programming languages. The progress reported here is (1) concrete guidelines to write each formal semantics to alleviate their proof obligations, and (2) simple calculational tools to obtain a formal sem...

  12. Vision et stratégies des programmes de e - business à l’Université d’Ottawa

    Dominique Ferrand

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available I n this article w e describe the concepts and approaches from which programs of e - business have been designed, the strategies that prevailed during their implementation, the ar ticulation between professional programs and research programs, the choice of contents and their evolution. We also explicit the resources required , and outline the main lines of future development .

  13. A European study of E-business maturity and ICT-benefits: is there a conditional relationship?

    Batenburg, R.; Constantiou, I.

    2009-01-01

    The present study explores the relationship between the e-business maturity and the perceived benefits from (Information and Communication Technologies) ICT at the firm level. We aim to debunk this relationship in terms of its strength and stability, and to explore the conditions which may influence

  14. The Semantic Web as a Semantic Soup

    Cox, Simon; Alani, Harith; Glaser, Hugh; Harris, Stephen

    2004-01-01

    The Semantic Web is currently best known for adding metadata to web pages to allow computers to 'understand' what they contain. This idea has been applied to people by the Friend of a Friend project which builds up a network of who people know through their descriptions placed on web pages in RDF. It is here proposed to use RDF to describe a person and to have their RDF document follow them around the Internet. The proposed technique, dubbed Semantic Cookies, will be implemented by storing a ...

  15. A review of research on the environmental impact of e-business and ICT.

    Yi, Lan; Thomas, Hywel R

    2007-08-01

    This paper attempts to provide a review of the current state of the art of how e-business/ICT affects the environment. The work reviewed is in various forms including journal papers and thesis which have been peer-reviewed, as well as other resources such as projects and project reports, conference and symposia, and websites. It is claimed that the research examined has captured the most important work to date, either for a general knowledge of this new area or for background study by experts carrying out future research. The review has found that the currently dominant approach is either a micro-level case study approach or a macro-level statistical approach. It is concluded that a more predictive and empirical model, which can be applied within a sector of society, should be more beneficial in the long term. This approach should help simulate potential impacts resulting from changes of indicators, so that positive effects can be promoted and negative ones alleviated proactively, rather than knowing and accepting outcomes passively. PMID:17490745

  16. Implementation of a Cloud Data Server (CDS for Providing Secure Service in E-Business

    D.Kesavaraja

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Cloud Data Servers is the novel approach for providing secure service to e-business .Millions of usersare surfing the Cloud for various purposes, therefore they need highly safe and persistent services.Usually hackers target particular Operating Systems or a Particular Controller. Inspiteof severalongoing researches Conventional Web Servers and its Intrusion Detection System might not be able todetect such attacks. So we implement a Cloud Data Server with Session Controller Architecture usingRedundancy and Disconnected Data Access Mechanism. In this paper, we generate the hash code usingMD5 algorithm. With the help of which we can circumvent even the attacks, which are undefined bytraditional Systems .we implement Cloud Data Sever using Java and Hash Code backup Managementusing My SQL. Here we Implement AES Algorithm for providing more Security for the hash Code. TheCDS using the Virtual Controller controls and monitors the Connections and modifications of the page soas to prevent malicious users from hacking the website. In the proposed approach an activity analyzertakes care of intimating the administrator about possible intrusions and the counter measures required totackle them. The efficiency ratio of our approach is 98.21% compared with similar approaches.

  17. Customer oriented logistics and e-business of forest chips and chopped firewood

    The small-scale use of firewood is the second largest source of energy in space heating in Finland being the main energy source in detached houses. Most of the annual consumption of 6.1 million m3 of firewood is used as chopped firewood. Only one fifth of the firewood is commercial, purchased as ready-made chopped firewood or semi-products. The use of firewood has been growing during the last decade and the share of self-produced firewood is estimated to decrease in the future. The markets for chopped firewood are growing but they are still undeveloped. Only ten percent of producers are working full time with the business even their production volume and marketing efforts are low. Cost-efficient delivery systems are one essential bottleneck in both expanding the commercial firewood production and in meeting the customers. quality requirements. Nowadays most of the suppliers are using their own, versatile transportation equipment for the firewood deliveries. The project 'Customer oriented logistics and e-business of forest chips and chopped firewood' seeks for solutions to promote more professional production of firewood as well as to develop efficient delivery systems for firewood. The effect of transportation equipment, the size of delivery and the delivery efficiency is examined using discrete-event simulation. The preliminary results show that delivery systems developed in other fields of trade are adaptable also in firewood delivery and give distinct advantages especially for the large-scale supply of firewood. (orig.)

  18. An Effective Analysis of Weblog Files to Improve Website Personalization for E-Business

    Bhavyesh Gandhi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The World Wide Web is a perennial repository of immense information. Web has provided with too many options and web users are overloaded with information. As there is an enormous growth in the web in terms of web sites, the size of web usage data is also increasing gradually. But this web usage data plays a vital role in the effective management of web sites. This web usage data is stored in a file called weblog by the web server. In order to discover the knowledge, required for improving the performance of websites and web personalization, we need to apply best preprocessing methodology on the server weblog files. Data preprocessing is a phase which automatically identifies the meaningful patterns and user behavior. So far analyzing the weblog data has been a challenging task in the area of web usage mining. Web personalization is most effective approach to overcome the problem of information overload.In this paper we propose an effective and enhanced data preprocessing methodology which produces an efficient usage patterns, reduces the size of weblog and produce a personalized website which help to improve E-business.The experimental results are also shown in the following chapters

  19. Impact of Web Site Functions on E-Business Success in Chinese Wholesale and Retail Industries

    TANG Qian; HUANG Jinghua

    2008-01-01

    Web sites are very important and companies can attract customers by promoting various features of the web site. This paper presents an analysis of the relationship between web site functions and firm performance. A research model based on the DeLone and McLean (D&M) model and customer service life cycle (CSLC) theory was used to investigate the impact of web site functions on e-business success. The research model considers web site functions, web site use, customer satisfaction, and firm performance. According to the CSLC theory, there are three stages in a customer service life cycle. Therefore, the web site functions are divided into three stages: requirements, acquisition, and ownership. The functions in each stage serve to encourage usage and thus, enhance customer satisfaction and firm performance. The theoretical model and hypotheses were tested using data collected from 72 wholesale and retail firms in China using the partial least squares (PLS) method. The results suggest that web site functions in the acquisition stage have the strongest impact on web site use and that the improvement of customer satisfaction can significantly increase firm performance.

  20. The Founded Semantics and Constraint Semantics of Logic Rules

    Liu, Yanhong A.; Stoller, Scott D.

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes a simple new semantics for logic rules, the founded semantics, and its straightforward extension to another simple new semantics, the constraint semantics. The new semantics support unrestricted negation, as well as unrestricted existential and universal quantifications. They are uniquely expressive and intuitive by allowing assumptions about the predicates and rules to be specified explicitly, are completely declarative and easy to understand, and relate cleanly to prior...

  1. Semdrops: A Social Semantic Tagging Approach for Emerging Semantic Data

    Torres, Diego; Diaz, Alicia; Skaf-Molli, Hala; Molli, Pascal

    2011-01-01

    Abstract--This paper proposes a collective intelligence strategy for emerging semantic data. It presents a combination of social web practices with semantic web technologies to enrich existing web resources with semantic data. The paper introduces a social semantic tagging approach called Semdrops. Semdrops defines a conceptual model which is an extension of the Gruber's tag model where the tag concept is extended to semantic tag. Semdrops is implemented as a Firefox add-on tool that turns the...

  2. ELN in the semantic era

    Frey, Jeremy G.

    2006-01-01

    The importance of semantics in human-computer and computer-computer communications Capturing the laboratory processes and data in a semantically rich form at source. Implementing semantics - The use of the semantic web & grid The importance of context in the use of ELNs Publication and dissemination - Using the information obtained with ELNs

  3. A Defense of Semantic Minimalism

    Kim, Su

    2012-01-01

    Semantic Minimalism is a position about the semantic content of declarative sentences, i.e., the content that is determined entirely by syntax. It is defined by the following two points: "Point 1": The semantic content is a complete/truth-conditional proposition. "Point 2": The semantic content is useful to a theory of…

  4. A Semantic Graph Query Language

    Kaplan, I L

    2006-10-16

    Semantic graphs can be used to organize large amounts of information from a number of sources into one unified structure. A semantic query language provides a foundation for extracting information from the semantic graph. The graph query language described here provides a simple, powerful method for querying semantic graphs.

  5. Arabic web pages clustering and annotation using semantic class features

    Hanan M. Alghamdi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available To effectively manage the great amount of data on Arabic web pages and to enable the classification of relevant information are very important research problems. Studies on sentiment text mining have been very limited in the Arabic language because they need to involve deep semantic processing. Therefore, in this paper, we aim to retrieve machine-understandable data with the help of a Web content mining technique to detect covert knowledge within these data. We propose an approach to achieve clustering with semantic similarities. This approach comprises integrating k-means document clustering with semantic feature extraction and document vectorization to group Arabic web pages according to semantic similarities and then show the semantic annotation. The document vectorization helps to transform text documents into a semantic class probability distribution or semantic class density. To reach semantic similarities, the approach extracts the semantic class features and integrates them into the similarity weighting schema. The quality of the clustering result has evaluated the use of the purity and the mean intra-cluster distance (MICD evaluation measures. We have evaluated the proposed approach on a set of common Arabic news web pages. We have acquired favorable clustering results that are effective in minimizing the MICD, expanding the purity and lowering the runtime.

  6. UML 2 Semantics and Applications

    Lano, Kevin

    2009-01-01

    A coherent and integrated account of the leading UML 2 semantics work and the practical applications of UML semantics development With contributions from leading experts in the field, the book begins with an introduction to UML and goes on to offer in-depth and up-to-date coverage of: The role of semantics Considerations and rationale for a UML system model Definition of the UML system model UML descriptive semantics Axiomatic semantics of UML class diagrams The object constraint language Axiomatic semantics of state machines A coalgebraic semantic framework for reasoning about interaction des

  7. Reactive Kripke semantics

    Gabbay, Dov M

    2013-01-01

    This text offers an extension to the traditional Kripke semantics for non-classical logics by adding the notion of reactivity. Reactive Kripke models change their accessibility relation as we progress in the evaluation process of formulas in the model. This feature makes the reactive Kripke semantics strictly stronger and more applicable than the traditional one. Here we investigate the properties and axiomatisations of this new and most effective semantics, and we offer a wide landscape of applications of the idea of reactivity. Applied topics include reactive automata, reactive grammars, rea

  8. Benchmarking semantic web technology

    García-Castro, R

    2009-01-01

    This book addresses the problem of benchmarking Semantic Web Technologies; first, from a methodological point of view, proposing a general methodology to follow in benchmarking activities over Semantic Web Technologies and, second, from a practical point of view, presenting two international benchmarking activities that involved benchmarking the interoperability of Semantic Web technologies using RDF(S) as the interchange language in one activity and OWL in the other.The book presents in detail how the different resources needed for these interoperability benchmarking activities were defined:

  9. Semantic Web Evaluation Challenge

    2014-01-01

    This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post conference proceedings of the first edition of the Semantic Web Evaluation Challenge, SemWebEval 2014, co-located with the 11th Extended Semantic Web conference, held in Anissaras, Crete, Greece, in May 2014. This book includes the descriptions of all methods and tools that competed at SemWebEval 2014, together with a detailed description of the tasks, evaluation procedures and datasets. The contributions are grouped in three areas: semantic publishing (sempub), concept-level sentiment analysis (ssa), and linked-data enabled recommender systems (recsys).

  10. Organizational Semantic Web based Portals

    necula, sabina-cristiana

    2011-01-01

    This paper tries to treat organizational semantic web based portals. The first part of the paper focuses on concepts regarding semantic web based portals. After discussing some concepts we treat the basic functionalities that a semantic web based portal must have and we finish by presenting these functionalities by actual examples. We present semantic web based portals after studying the necessary implementations from literature and practice. We develop some examples that use semantic web bas...

  11. SEMANTIC WEB (CREATING AND QUERYING)

    Vidya S. Dandagi; Dr. Nandini Sidna

    2016-01-01

    Semantic Web is a system that allows machines to understand complex human requests. Depending on the meaning semantic web replies. Semantics is the learning of the meanings of linguistic appearance. It is the main branch of contemporary linguistics. Semantics is meaning of words, text or a phrase and relations between them. RDF provides essential support to the Semantic Web. To represent distributed information RDF is created. Applications can use RDF created and process it in an adaptive man...

  12. Belief Semantics of Authorization Logic

    Hirsch, Andrew K.; Clarkson, Michael R.

    2013-01-01

    Authorization logics have been used in the theory of computer security to reason about access control decisions. In this work, a formal belief semantics for authorization logics is given. The belief semantics is proved to subsume a standard Kripke semantics. The belief semantics yields a direct representation of principals' beliefs, without resorting to the technical machinery used in Kripke semantics. A proof system is given for the logic; that system is proved sound with respect to the beli...

  13. Basic semantics of product sounds

    Özcan Vieira, E.; Egmond , R. van

    2012-01-01

    Product experience is a result of sensory and semantic experiences with product properties. In this paper, we focus on the semantic attributes of product sounds and explore the basic components for product sound related semantics using a semantic differential paradigmand factor analysis. With two experiments, we determined eight factors that underlie the semantic associations of product sounds (attention, roughness, smoothness, temporal constancy, (un)familiarity, unpleasantness, machinery, a...

  14. PRODUCE MORE OIL AND GAS VIA eBUSINESS DATA SHARING

    Paul Jehn; Mike Stettner

    2004-04-30

    GWPC, DOGGR, and other state agencies propose to build eBusiness applications based on a .NET front-end user interface for the DOE's Energy 100 Award-winning Risk Based Data Management System (RBDMS) data source and XML Web services. This project will slash the costs of regulatory compliance by automating routine regulatory reporting and permit notice review and by making it easier to exchange data with the oil and gas industry--especially small, independent operators. Such operators, who often do not have sophisticated in-house databases, will be able to use a subset of the same RBDMS tools available to the agencies on the desktop to file permit notices and production reports online. Once the data passes automated quality control checks, the application will upload the data into the agency's RBDMS data source. The operators also will have access to state agency datasets to focus exploration efforts and to perform production forecasting, economic evaluations, and risk assessments. With the ability to identify economically feasible oil and gas prospects, including unconventional plays, over the Internet, operators will minimize travel and other costs. Because GWPC will coordinate these data sharing efforts with the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), this project will improve access to public lands and make strides towards reducing the duplicative reporting to which industry is now subject for leases that cross jurisdictions. The resulting regulatory streamlining and improved access to agency data will make more domestic oil and gas available to the American public while continuing to safeguard environmental assets.

  15. Produce More Oil and Gas via eBusiness Data Sharing

    Paul Jehn; Mike Stettner; Ben Grunewald

    2005-07-22

    GWPC, DOGGR, and other state agencies propose to build eBusiness applications based on a .NET front-end user interface for the DOE's Energy 100 Award-winning Risk Based Data Management System (RBDMS) data source and XML Web services. This project will slash the costs of regulatory compliance by automating routine regulatory reporting and permit notice review and by making it easier to exchange data with the oil and gas industry--especially small, independent operators. Such operators, who often do not have sophisticated in-house databases, will be able to use a subset of the same RBDMS tools available to the agencies on the desktop to file permit notices and production reports online. Once the data passes automated quality control checks, the application will upload the data into the agency's RBDMS data source. The operators also will have access to state agency datasets to focus exploration efforts and to perform production forecasting, economic evaluations, and risk assessments. With the ability to identify economically feasible oil and gas prospects, including unconventional plays, over the Internet, operators will minimize travel and other costs. Because GWPC will coordinate these data sharing efforts with the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), this project will improve access to public lands and make strides towards reducing the duplicative reporting to which industry is now subject for leases that cross jurisdictions. The resulting regulatory streamlining and improved access to agency data will make more domestic oil and gas available to the American public while continuing to safeguard environmental assets.

  16. A Comparitive study of trust management models in E-Business environment

    BheemarasettyB.Shankar

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Trust is one of the bastions of both business and personal life, an inherent characteristic that must be present in every relationship. It is a bidirectional process, which must be mutual at different levels in either direction among the relying party and trusted party. This becomes more of a psychological requirement as the bond generally involves people, directly or indirectly. In an ideal situation where each is in place, and the human beings involved are completely satisfied in all ways, the concept of trust seems to become diluted. However in the present society, this “ideal situation” by and large doesn’t exist. Thus securing trust is a challenge which is much simpler in traditional environment than in an electronic environment. In electronic environment there is no physical contact between the buyer and seller hence over here trust becomes an important ingredient as, e business will be successful only if the buyer trusts the person and place involved in online business and feels secure in transacting over the internet. Various trust models aid the process of enhancing security, specifying the hybrid trust relationship and associated operations. Each model presents specific ideas related to certain trust issues. These different trust models are studied and hence subjected to comparison. The pros and cons of each are understood and thus the advantage of one over the other is stated. Application of the trust models in an effective manner is extremely necessary hence the different ways in which these are applied is elaborately explained. Accordingly a detailed comparison no feach model with the other pinpoints its diversity and usefulness thus leading to a through analysis of the different trust models

  17. Trusting Crowdsourced Geospatial Semantics

    Goodhue, P.; McNair, H.; Reitsma, F.

    2015-08-01

    The degree of trust one can place in information is one of the foremost limitations of crowdsourced geospatial information. As with the development of web technologies, the increased prevalence of semantics associated with geospatial information has increased accessibility and functionality. Semantics also provides an opportunity to extend indicators of trust for crowdsourced geospatial information that have largely focused on spatio-temporal and social aspects of that information. Comparing a feature's intrinsic and extrinsic properties to associated ontologies provides a means of semantically assessing the trustworthiness of crowdsourced geospatial information. The application of this approach to unconstrained semantic submissions then allows for a detailed assessment of the trust of these features whilst maintaining the descriptive thoroughness this mode of information submission affords. The resulting trust rating then becomes an attribute of the feature, providing not only an indication as to the trustworthiness of a specific feature but is able to be aggregated across multiple features to illustrate the overall trustworthiness of a dataset.

  18. Element Level Semantic Matching

    Giunchiglia, Fausto; Yatskevich, Mikalai

    2004-01-01

    We think of Match as an operator which takes two graph-like structures and produces a mapping between semantically related nodes. The matching process is essentially divided into two steps: element level and structure level. Element level matchers consider only labels of nodes, while structure level matchers start from this information to consider the full graph. In this paper we present various element level semantic matchers, and discuss their implementation within the S-Match system. The m...

  19. The Semantic Web Languages

    Giunchiglia, Fausto; Farazi, Feroz; Tanca, Letizia; Virgilio, Roberto

    2009-01-01

    The Semantic Web is basically an extension of the Web and of the Web-enabling database and Internet technology, and, as a consequence, the Semantic Web methodologies, representation mechanisms and logics strongly rely on those developed in databases. This is the motivation for many attempts to, more or less loosely, merge the two worlds like, for instance, the various proposals to use relational technology for storing web data or the use of ontologies for data integration. This article comes ...

  20. Semantics on Translation

    李琦

    2014-01-01

    Semantics is the study of the meanings of words and sentences. While word is the most basic unit in every language and the understanding of the word meaning is the most important problem in translation. Therefore, the analysis of semantics just provides a very direct approach to doing translation. In this paper, I’d like to focus on the three kinds of word meaning in transla- tion, the ambiguities caused by the word meaning and how to deal with such ambiguities.

  1. Semantic Representation of Synaesthesia

    Meier, Beat

    2013-01-01

    Synaesthesia has multifaceted consequences for both subjective experience and cognitive performance. Here, I broach the issue of how synaesthesia is represented in semantic memory. I hypothesize that, for example, in grapheme colour synaesthesia, colour is represented as an additional feature in the semantic network that enables the formation of associations that are not present in non-synaesthetes. Thus, synaesthesia provokes richer memory representations which enable learning opportunities ...

  2. Ontology-Based Semantic Cache in AOKB

    郑红; 陆汝钤; 金芝; 胡思康

    2002-01-01

    When querying on a large-scale knowledge base, a major technique of im-proving performance is to preload knowledge to minimize the number of roundtrips to theknowledge base. In this paper, an ontology-based semantic cache is proposed for an agentand ontology-oriented knowledge base (AOKB). In AOKB, an ontology is the collection of re-lationships between a group of knowledge units (agents and/or other sub-ontologies). Whenloading some agent A, its relationships with other knowledge units are examined, and thosewho have a tight semantic tie with A will be preloaded at the same time, including agents andsub-ontologies in the same ontology where A is. The preloaded agents and ontologies are savedat a semantic cache located in the memory. Test results show that up to 50% reduction inrunning time is achieved.

  3. SEMANTIC INTEGRATION FOR AUTOMATIC ONTOLOGY MAPPING

    Siham AMROUCH

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In the last decade, ontologies have played a key technology role for information sharing and agents interoperability in different application domains. In semantic web domain, ontologies are efficiently used to face the great challenge of representing the semantics of data, in order to bring the actual web to its full power and hence, achieve its objective. However, using ontologies as common and shared vocabularies requires a certain degree of interoperability between them. To confront this requirement, mapping ontologies is a solution that is not to be avoided. In deed, ontology mapping build a meta layer that allows different applications and information systems to access and share their informations, of course, after resolving the different forms of syntactic, semantic and lexical mismatches. In the contribution presented in this paper, we have integrated the semantic aspect based on an external lexical resource, wordNet, to design a new algorithm for fully automatic ontology mapping. This fully automatic character features the main difference of our contribution with regards to the most of the existing semi-automatic algorithms of ontology mapping, such as Chimaera, Prompt, Onion, Glue, etc. To better enhance the performances of our algorithm, the mapping discovery stage is based on the combination of two sub-modules. The former analysis the concept’s names and the later analysis their properties. Each one of these two sub-modules is it self based on the combination of lexical and semantic similarity measures.

  4. AceWiki: A Natural and Expressive Semantic Wiki

    Kuhn, Tobias

    2008-01-01

    We present AceWiki, a prototype of a new kind of semantic wiki using the controlled natural language Attempto Controlled English (ACE) for representing its content. ACE is a subset of English with a restricted grammar and a formal semantics. The use of ACE has two important advantages over existing semantic wikis. First, we can improve the usability and achieve a shallow learning curve. Second, ACE is more expressive than the formal languages of existing semantic wikis. Our evaluation shows that people who are not familiar with the formal foundations of the Semantic Web are able to deal with AceWiki after a very short learning phase and without the help of an expert.

  5. The Effect of Market Leadership in Business Process Innovation: The Case(s) of E-Business Adoption

    Kristina Steffenson McElheran

    2010-01-01

    This paper empirically investigates how market leadership influences firm propensity to adopt new business process innovations. Using a unique data set spanning roughly 35,000 plants in 86 U.S. manufacturing industries, I study the adoption of frontier e-business practices during the early diffusion of the commercial internet. Theory predicts that firms with greater market share will be more likely to adopt innovations that build on their existing strengths, while they will resist more radica...

  6. Foundations of semantic web technologies

    Hitzler, Pascal; Rudolph, Sebastian

    2009-01-01

    The Quest for Semantics Building Models Calculating with Knowledge Exchanging Information Semanic Web Technologies RESOURCE DESCRIPTION LANGUAGE (RDF)Simple Ontologies in RDF and RDF SchemaIntroduction to RDF Syntax for RDF Advanced Features Simple Ontologies in RDF Schema Encoding of Special Data Structures An ExampleRDF Formal Semantics Why Semantics? Model-Theoretic Semantics for RDF(S) Syntactic Reasoning with Deduction Rules The Semantic Limits of RDF(S)WEB ONTOLOGY LANGUAGE (OWL) Ontologies in OWL OWL Syntax and Intuitive Semantics OWL Species The Forthcoming OWL 2 StandardOWL Formal Sem

  7. Semantic Services for Wikipedia

    Wang, Haofen; Penin, Thomas; Fu, Linyun; Liu, Qiaoling; Xue, Guirong; Yu, Yong

    Wikipedia, a killer application in Web 2.0, has embraced the power of collaborative editing to harness collective intelligence. It features many attractive characteristics, like entity-based link graph, abundant categorization and semi-structured layout, and can serve as an ideal data source to extract high quality and well-structured data. In this chapter, we first propose several solutions to extract knowledge from Wikipedia. We do not only consider information from the relational summaries of articles (infoboxes) but also semi-automatically extract it from the article text using the structured content available. Due to differences with information extraction from the Web, it is necessary to tackle new problems, like the lack of redundancy in Wikipedia that is dealt with by extending traditional machine learning algorithms to work with few labeled data. Furthermore, we also exploit the widespread categories as a complementary way to discover additional knowledge. Benefiting from both structured and textural information, we additionally provide a suggestion service for Wikipedia authoring. With the aim to facilitate semantic reuse, our proposal provides users with facilities such as link, categories and infobox content suggestions. The proposed enhancements can be applied to attract more contributors and lighten the burden of professional editors. Finally, we developed an enhanced search system, which can ease the process of exploiting Wikipedia. To provide a user-friendly interface, it extends the faceted search interface with relation navigation and let the user easily express his complex information needs in an interactive way. In order to achieve efficient query answering, it extends scalable IR engines to index and search both the textual and structured information with an integrated ranking support.

  8. Semantic Web Mining: Benefits, Challenges and Opportunities

    Syeda Farha Shazmeen, Etyala Ramyasree

    2012-01-01

    Semantic Web Mining aims at combining the two areas Semantic Web and Web Mining by using semantics to improve mining and using mining to create semantics. Web Mining aims at discovering insights about the meaning of Web resources and their usage In Semantic Web, the semantics information is presented by the relation with others and is recorded by RDF. RDF which is semantic web technology that can be utilized to build efficient and scalable systems for Cloud. The Semantic Web enriches the Worl...

  9. Semantic web technology to support learning about the semantic web

    Dzbor, Martin; Motta, Enrico

    2007-01-01

    This paper describes ASPL, an Advanced Semantic Platform for Learning, designed using the Magpie framework with an aim to support students learning about the Semantic Web research area. We describe the evolution of ASPL and illustrate how we used the results from a formal evaluation of the initial system to re-design the user functionalities. The second version of ASPL semantically interprets the results provided by a non-semantic web mining tool and uses them to support various forms of sema...

  10. The Semantic SPASE

    Hughes, S.; Crichton, D.; Thieman, J.; Ramirez, P.; King, T.; Weiss, M.

    2005-12-01

    The Semantic SPASE (Space Physics Archive Search and Extract) prototype demonstrates the use of semantic web technologies to capture, document, and manage the SPASE data model, support facet- and text-based search, and provide flexible and intuitive user interfaces. The SPASE data model, under development since late 2003 by a consortium of space physics domain experts, is intended to serve as the basis for interoperability between independent data systems. To develop the Semantic SPASE prototype, the data model was first analyzed to determine the inherit object classes and their attributes. These were entered into Stanford Medical Informatics' Protege ontology tool and annotated using definitions from the SPASE documentation. Further analysis of the data model resulted in the addition of class relationships. Finally attributes and relationships that support broad-scope interoperability were added from research associated with the Object-Oriented Data Technology task. To validate the ontology and produce a knowledge base, example data products were ingested. The capture of the data model as an ontology results in a more formal specification of the model. The Protege software is also a powerful management tool and supports plug-ins that produce several graphical notations as output. The stated purpose of the semantic web is to support machine understanding of web-based information. Protege provides an export capability to RDF/XML and RDFS/XML for this purpose. Several research efforts use RDF/XML knowledge bases to provide semantic search. MIT's Simile/Longwell project provides both facet- and text-based search using a suite of metadata browsers and the text-based search engine Lucene. Using the Protege generated RDF knowledge-base a semantic search application was easily built and deployed to run as a web application. Configuration files specify the object attributes and values to be designated as facets (i.e. search) constraints. Semantic web technologies provide

  11. Semantic Changes of Gerund

    Zofija Babickienė

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available In this article, semantic models of gerund in the Lithuanian language are being investigated. Their productivity and the reasons of their change in the Lithuanian language are identified. The tendency to use gerund semantic structure in noun constructions is typical not only in Greek or Latin languages but also in English, Russian, etc. Regular polysemy is regarded as semantic derivation, i. e. shifting from main meanings to derivative ones. The object of this investigation is the usage patterns of gerunds which bear both the meaning of a verb and a noun. The examples for the present study have been gathered from the language of different Lithuanian dialects as well as from the Dictionary of the Lithuanian language (different volumes, etc. The research results reveal that semantic changes of object and result are the most productive, whereas mood or time semantic model proved to be not so productive. The productivity of regular models depends on the fact that there are suffix derivatives which have the meaning of a result. The research shows that scientific style and language of different dialects are rich in the use of gerund.

  12. e-Science and biological pathway semantics

    Luciano Joanne S

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The development of e-Science presents a major set of opportunities and challenges for the future progress of biological and life scientific research. Major new tools are required and corresponding demands are placed on the high-throughput data generated and used in these processes. Nowhere is the demand greater than in the semantic integration of these data. Semantic Web tools and technologies afford the chance to achieve this semantic integration. Since pathway knowledge is central to much of the scientific research today it is a good test-bed for semantic integration. Within the context of biological pathways, the BioPAX initiative, part of a broader movement towards the standardization and integration of life science databases, forms a necessary prerequisite for its successful application of e-Science in health care and life science research. This paper examines whether BioPAX, an effort to overcome the barrier of disparate and heterogeneous pathway data sources, addresses the needs of e-Science. Results We demonstrate how BioPAX pathway data can be used to ask and answer some useful biological questions. We find that BioPAX comes close to meeting a broad range of e-Science needs, but certain semantic weaknesses mean that these goals are missed. We make a series of recommendations for re-modeling some aspects of BioPAX to better meet these needs. Conclusion Once these semantic weaknesses are addressed, it will be possible to integrate pathway information in a manner that would be useful in e-Science.

  13. Words semantic orientation classification based on HowNet

    LI Dun; MA Yong-tao; GUO Jian-li

    2009-01-01

    Based on the text orientation classification, a new measurement approach to semantic orientation of words was proposed. According to the integrated and detailed definition of words in HowNet, seed sets including the words with intense orientations were built up. The orientation similarity between the seed words and the given word was then calculated using the sentiment weight priority to recognize the semantic orientation of common words. Finally, the words' semantic orientation and the context were combined to recognize the given words' orientation. The experiments show that the measurement approach achieves better results for common words' orientation classification and contributes particularly to the text orientation classification of large granularities.

  14. Implicit learning of semantic preferences

    Paciorek, Albertyna

    2013-01-01

    The research presented in this PhD dissertation examines the phenomenon of semantic implicit learning, using semantic preferences of novel verbs as a test case. Implicit learning refers to the phenomenon of learning without intending to learn or awareness that one is learning at all. Semantic preference (or selectional preference ? as preferred in computational linguistics) is the tendency of a word to co-occur with words sharing similar semantic features. For example, ?drink? is typically fo...

  15. Temporal Representation in Semantic Graphs

    Levandoski, J J; Abdulla, G M

    2007-08-07

    A wide range of knowledge discovery and analysis applications, ranging from business to biological, make use of semantic graphs when modeling relationships and concepts. Most of the semantic graphs used in these applications are assumed to be static pieces of information, meaning temporal evolution of concepts and relationships are not taken into account. Guided by the need for more advanced semantic graph queries involving temporal concepts, this paper surveys the existing work involving temporal representations in semantic graphs.

  16. Semantic repository and ontology mapping

    J. Gracia; M. Trna; E. Lozano; T.T. Nguyen; A. Gómez-Pérez; C. Montaña; J. Liem

    2010-01-01

    This document discusses the core Semantic Technologies in DynaLearn: i) The semantic repository, which supports the online storage and access of qualitative reasoning models, ii) the grounding process, which establishes semantic equivalences between the concepts in the models and the concepts in a b

  17. Semantic Search of Web Services

    Hao, Ke

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation addresses semantic search of Web services using natural language processing. We first survey various existing approaches, focusing on the fact that the expensive costs of current semantic annotation frameworks result in limited use of semantic search for large scale applications. We then propose a vector space model based service…

  18. Evolution of semantic systems

    Küppers, Bernd-Olaf; Artmann, Stefan

    2013-01-01

    Complex systems in nature and society make use of information for the development of their internal organization and the control of their functional mechanisms. Alongside technical aspects of storing, transmitting and processing information, the various semantic aspects of information, such as meaning, sense, reference and function, play a decisive part in the analysis of such systems.With the aim of fostering a better understanding of semantic systems from an evolutionary and multidisciplinary perspective, this volume collects contributions by philosophers and natural scientists, linguists, i

  19. Enterprise semantic Web

    Gutiérrez Alba, David

    2012-01-01

    This document is a journey through Semantic Web principles and Microsoft SharePoint in order to come to understand some advantages and disadvantages of theirs, and how Semantic Web principles can be blended into an enterprise solution like Microsoft SharePoint. Aquest document és un viatge a través dels principis de la web semàntica i Microsoft SharePoint amb la finalitat d'arribar a entendre alguns dels seus avantatges i desavantatges, i com els principis de la web semàntica es poden barr...

  20. The Sigma-Semantics: A Comprehensive Semantics for Functional Programs

    Chitil, Olaf

    1997-01-01

    A comprehensive semantics for functional programs is presented, which generalizes the well-known call-by-value and call-by-name semantics. By permitting a separate choice between call-by value and call-by-name for every argument position of every function and parameterizing the semantics by this choice we abstract from the parameter-passing mechanism. Thus common and distinguishing features of all instances of the sigma-semantics, especially call-by-value and call-by-name semantics, are highl...

  1. AN NOVEL APPROACH USING SEMANTIC INFORMATION RETRIEVAL FOR TAMIL DOCUMENTS

    A. Karthikeyan; Dr.P.Sengottuvelan

    2010-01-01

    The use of Ontologies to overcome the limitations of keyword-based search, it has been put forward as one of the motivations of the Semantic IR. An approach includes an ontology-based scheme for the automatic annotation of Tamil documents and a retrieval system. The retrieval model is based on an adaptation of the classic vector-space model, including an annotation weighting algorithm, and a ranking algorithm. Semantic search is combined with conventional keyword-based retrieval to achieve to...

  2. Towards a semantic event-based service-oriented architecture

    Pedrinaci, Carlos; Moran, Matthew; NORTON, Barry

    2006-01-01

    Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) is commonly lauded as a silver bullet for Enterprise Application Integration, inter-organizational business processes implementation, and even as a general solution for the development of all complex Web-oriented applications. However, SOA without semantic descriptions of its data, processes and messaging models fails to achieve a truly flexible and dynamic infrastructure. In this paper we explain where semantics are necessary for SOA and present early work ...

  3. Towards On-line Automated Semantic Scoring of English-Chinese Translation

    2007-01-01

    Described and exemplified a semantic scoring system of students' on-line English-Chinese translation.To achieve accurate assessment, the system adopted a comprehensive method which combines semantic scoring with keyword matching scoring. Four kinds of words-verbs, adjectives, adverbs and "the rest" including nouns, pronouns, idioms, prepositions, etc. , are identified after parsing. The system treats different words tagged with different part of speech differently. Then it calculated the semantic similarity between these words of the standard versions and those of students'translations by the distinctive differences of the semantic features of these words with the aid of HowNet. The first semantic feature of verbs and the last semantic features of adjectives and adverbs are calculated. "The rest" is scored by keyword matching. The experiment results show that the semantic scoring system is applicable in fulfilling the task of scoring students'on-line English-Chinese translations.

  4. Semantator: annotating clinical narratives with semantic web ontologies.

    Song, Dezhao; Chute, Christopher G; Tao, Cui

    2012-01-01

    To facilitate clinical research, clinical data needs to be stored in a machine processable and understandable way. Manual annotating clinical data is time consuming. Automatic approaches (e.g., Natural Language Processing systems) have been adopted to convert such data into structured formats; however, the quality of such automatically extracted data may not always be satisfying. In this paper, we propose Semantator, a semi-automatic tool for document annotation with Semantic Web ontologies. With a loaded free text document and an ontology, Semantator supports the creation/deletion of ontology instances for any document fragment, linking/disconnecting instances with the properties in the ontology, and also enables automatic annotation by connecting to the NCBO annotator and cTAKES. By representing annotations in Semantic Web standards, Semantator supports reasoning based upon the underlying semantics of the owl:disjointWith and owl:equivalentClass predicates. We present discussions based on user experiences of using Semantator. PMID:22779043

  5. E-poslovanje v slovenskih malih in srednje velikih podjetjih = E-business in Slovenian Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

    Viktorija Sulcic

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available In the paper the position of Slovenian small and medium-sized enterprises in the field of e-business is presented. In the first part of the paper we compare the prevalence of e-business practices in Slovenia and EU countries and present the intensity of Slovene SME’s use of ebusiness as well. The second part of the paper is based on a research conducted with a sample of 49 Slovenian small and mediumsized enterprises. By performing a data analysis, we show the prevalence of SME’s individual internet activities and compare them with the research data collected by the national statistical office a year and a half ago. The e-business impacts and the obstacles for e-business implementation are the most interesting part of the presented research.

  6. Vpliv uporabniške izkušnje na uspešnost e-poslovanja = Influence of user Experience on Successfulness of E-Business

    Roman Broz

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available E-business is becoming an ever more important part of modern econ- omy in respect of its wide use as well as its extent. Technology by itself is not sufficient for success, its implementation and content are even more important. That is the subject of the user experience studies. This work discusses successfulness of e-business with regard to user experience in its use. As research method an internet survey has been used. Data analysis results show that preceding experience im- portantly influences inclination towards the further use of e-business. As part of the research results the classification of factors important for shaping user experience is stated, as well as propositions for im- provement of existing e-business implementations.

  7. Moderating Role of Ownership Type in the Relationship between Market Orientation and Supply Chain Integration in E-Business in China

    Hefu Liu; Weiling Ke; Kwok Kee Wei; Zhongsheng Hua

    2014-01-01

    Integrating supply chain processes in e-business in emerging and transitional economies has attracted considerable attention from practitioners and researchers. Based on the theory of market orientation (MO) and the institution-based perspective, this paper investigates the effect of MO on supply chain integration (SCI) in e-business and examines the moderating role of ownership type in the relationship between MO and SCI in China. The results of a survey of 229 firms suggest that the MO dime...

  8. The semantic similarity ensemble

    Andrea Ballatore

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Computational measures of semantic similarity between geographic terms provide valuable support across geographic information retrieval, data mining, and information integration. To date, a wide variety of approaches to geo-semantic similarity have been devised. A judgment of similarity is not intrinsically right or wrong, but obtains a certain degree of cognitive plausibility, depending on how closely it mimics human behavior. Thus selecting the most appropriate measure for a specific task is a significant challenge. To address this issue, we make an analogy between computational similarity measures and soliciting domain expert opinions, which incorporate a subjective set of beliefs, perceptions, hypotheses, and epistemic biases. Following this analogy, we define the semantic similarity ensemble (SSE as a composition of different similarity measures, acting as a panel of experts having to reach a decision on the semantic similarity of a set of geographic terms. The approach is evaluated in comparison to human judgments, and results indicate that an SSE performs better than the average of its parts. Although the best member tends to outperform the ensemble, all ensembles outperform the average performance of each ensemble's member. Hence, in contexts where the best measure is unknown, the ensemble provides a more cognitively plausible approach.

  9. Latent Semantic Analysis.

    Dumais, Susan T.

    2004-01-01

    Presents a literature review that covers the following topics related to Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA): (1) LSA overview; (2) applications of LSA, including information retrieval (IR), information filtering, cross-language retrieval, and other IR-related LSA applications; (3) modeling human memory, including the relationship of LSA to other…

  10. Universal Semantics in Translation

    Wang, Zhenying

    2009-01-01

    What and how we translate are questions often argued about. No matter what kind of answers one may give, priority in translation should be granted to meaning, especially those meanings that exist in all concerned languages. In this paper the author defines them as universal sememes, and the study of them as universal semantics, of which…

  11. Customer Value Co-Creation in E-Business and Development Suggestions to the Field of Home Textiles

    Ronkainen, Sanna

    2013-01-01

    The objective of this study was to research customer value co-creation in e-business in the field of home textiles and various other business fields and weight the presupposition and provide customer value co-creation development suggestions to the field of home textiles. The assumption was that value creation and customer co-creation is utilized better in other business field than in the field of home textiles. The six case companies in this study were NetAnttila.com, Marimekko, IKEA, Ifolo...

  12. O conflito de canais e uma estratégia de e-business na Osram Portugal

    Machado, Marta Dias Pereira

    2014-01-01

    Mestrado em Gestão de Sistemas de Informação Nos últimos anos tem-se verificado um aumento na adesão das empresas ao e-business. Este tipo de negócio tem vindo a ganhar muitos adeptos uma vez que permite um maior crescimento e divulgação das marcas, ao mesmo tempo que automatiza e simplifica tarefas e processos de negócio que passam a ser feitos com recurso a meios eletrónicos. Este trabalho pretende identificar a melhor forma de proporcionar a possibilidade de compra online de produtos...

  13. Efficient Proposed Framework for Semantic Search Engine using New Semantic Ranking Algorithm

    M. M. El-gayar

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The amount of information raises billions of databases every year and there is an urgent need to search for that information by a specialize tool called search engine. There are many of search engines available today, but the main challenge in these search engines is that most of them cannot retrieve meaningful information intelligently. The semantic web technology is a solution that keeps data in a readable format that helps machines to match smartly this data with related information based on meanings. In this paper, we will introduce a proposed semantic framework that includes four phases crawling, indexing, ranking and retrieval phase. This semantic framework operates over a sorting RDF by using efficient proposed ranking algorithm and enhanced crawling algorithm. The enhanced crawling algorithm crawls relevant forum content from the web with minimal overhead. The proposed ranking algorithm is produced to order and evaluate similar meaningful data in order to make the retrieval process becomes faster, easier and more accurate. We applied our work on a standard database and achieved 99 percent effectiveness on semantic performance in minimum time and less than 1 percent error rate compared with the other semantic systems.

  14. Verb Semantics and Lexical Selection

    Wu, Z; Wu, Zhibiao; Palmer, Martha

    1994-01-01

    This paper will focus on the semantic representation of verbs in computer systems and its impact on lexical selection problems in machine translation (MT). Two groups of English and Chinese verbs are examined to show that lexical selection must be based on interpretation of the sentence as well as selection restrictions placed on the verb arguments. A novel representation scheme is suggested, and is compared to representations with selection restrictions used in transfer-based MT. We see our approach as closely aligned with knowledge-based MT approaches (KBMT), and as a separate component that could be incorporated into existing systems. Examples and experimental results will show that, using this scheme, inexact matches can achieve correct lexical selection.

  15. Bootstrapping Object Coreferencing on the Semantic Web

    Wei Hu; Yu-Zhong Qu; Xing-Zhi Sun

    2011-01-01

    An object on the Semantic Web is likely to be denoted with several URIs by different parties.Object coreferencing is a process to identify "equivalent" URIs of objects for achieving a better Data Web.In this paper,we propose a bootstrapping approach for object coreferencing on the Semantic Web.For an object URI,we firstly establish a kernel that consists of semantically equivalent URIs from the same-as,(inverse) functional properties and (max-)cardinalities,and then extend the kernel with respect to the textual descriptions (e.g.,labels and local names) of URIs.We also propose a trustworthiness-based method to rank the coreferent URIs in the kernel as well as a similarity-based method for ranking the URIs in the extension of the kernel.We implement the proposed approach,called ObjectCoref,on a large-scale dataset that contains 76 million URIs collected by the Falcons search engine until 2008.The evaluation on precision,relative recall and response time demonstrates the feasibility of our approach.Additionally,we apply the proposed approach to investigate the popularity of the URI alias phenomenon on the current Semantic Web.

  16. Integrating Ontology into Semantic File Systems

    Ngo, Ba-Hung; Bac, Christian; SILBER-CHAUSSUMIER, Frédérique

    2007-01-01

    Semantic file systems enhance standard file systems with the ability of file searching based on file semantics. In this paper, we propose to integrate the support for ontologies into a file system to build efficient semantic file systems whose file semantics can be shared between users, applications and semantic file systems themselves. We call it ontology-based file system. We identify three existing types of file semantics: property-based, content-based and context-based semantics and adopt...

  17. Context-Aware Adaptive Hybrid Semantic Relatedness in Biomedical Science

    Emadzadeh, Ehsan

    Text mining of biomedical literature and clinical notes is a very active field of research in biomedical science. Semantic analysis is one of the core modules for different Natural Language Processing (NLP) solutions. Methods for calculating semantic relatedness of two concepts can be very useful in solutions solving different problems such as relationship extraction, ontology creation and question / answering [1--6]. Several techniques exist in calculating semantic relatedness of two concepts. These techniques utilize different knowledge sources and corpora. So far, researchers attempted to find the best hybrid method for each domain by combining semantic relatedness techniques and data sources manually. In this work, attempts were made to eliminate the needs for manually combining semantic relatedness methods targeting any new contexts or resources through proposing an automated method, which attempted to find the best combination of semantic relatedness techniques and resources to achieve the best semantic relatedness score in every context. This may help the research community find the best hybrid method for each context considering the available algorithms and resources.

  18. Možnosti modelu 3D zobrazení pro e-business a ekonomickou kybernetiku

    Burýšek, Michal

    2013-01-01

    Bakalářská práce se zabývá prostředím e-business, jeho současnými trendy, definováním obecně známých ekonomických postupům a jejich zobrazením pomocí schémat vědního oboru ekonomická kybernetika. V první části je zaměřena na fungování ekonomiky, V druhé části se práce věnuje současným trendům v oblasti 3D zobrazení, jeho využitím v prostředí e-business a předpokládaným vývojem v budoucnosti

  19. Semantics - Supportive Element for the Cooperative Evaluation of Geographical and Historical Information

    Karmacharya, Ashish; Kohr, Tobias; Cruz, Christophe; Bruhn, Kai-Christian; Boochs, Frank

    2013-01-01

    International audience The emergence of the Semantic Web and its underlying knowledge technologies has brought changes in data han- dling. Transferring expert knowledge to machines through knowledge formalization provides us the required support in managing huge datasets like the information in the World Wide Web. In the field of geospatial technology semantic technologies not only entail the capability to achieve higher degree of data integration but also infer semantics to discover new a...

  20. Dynamic Slicing: a Generic Analysis Based on a Natural Semantics Format

    Gouranton, Valérie; Le Métayer, Daniel

    1998-01-01

    Slicing analyses have been proposed for different programming languages. Rather than defining a new analysis from scratch for each programming language, we would like to specify such an analysis once for all, in a language-independent way, and then specialise it for different programming languages. In order to achieve this goal, we propose a notion of natural semantics format and a dynamic slicing analysis format. The natural semantics format formalises a class of natural semantics and the an...

  1. From Data to Semantic Information

    Luciano Floridi

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: There is no consensus yet on the definition of semantic information. This paper contributes to the current debate by criticising and revising the Standard Definition of semantic Information (SDI as meaningful data, in favour of the Dretske-Grice approach: meaningful and well-formed data constitute semantic information only if they also qualify as contingently truthful. After a brief introduction, SDI is criticised for providing necessary but insufficient conditions for the definition of semantic information. SDI is incorrect because truth-values do not supervene on semantic information, and misinformation (that is, false semantic information is not a type of semantic information, but pseudo-information, that is not semantic information at all. This is shown by arguing that none of the reasons for interpreting misinformation as a type of semantic information is convincing, whilst there are compelling reasons to treat it as pseudo-information. As a consequence, SDI is revised to include a necessary truth-condition. The last section summarises the main results of the paper and indicates the important implications of the revised definition for the analysis of the deflationary theories of truth, the standard definition of knowledge and the classic, quantitative theory of semantic information.

  2. A structured alternative to Prolog with simple compositional semantics

    Porto, António

    2011-01-01

    Prolog's very useful expressive power is not captured by traditional logic programming semantics, due mainly to the cut and goal and clause order. Several alternative semantics have been put forward, exposing operational details of the computation state. We propose instead to redesign Prolog around structured alternatives to the cut and clauses, keeping the expressive power and computation model but with a compositional denotational semantics over much simpler states-just variable bindings. This considerably eases reasoning about programs, by programmers and tools such as a partial evaluator, with safe unfolding of calls through predicate definitions. An if-then-else across clauses replaces most uses of the cut, but the cut's full power is achieved by an until construct. Disjunction, conjunction and until, along with unification, are the primitive goal types with a compositional semantics yielding sequences of variable-binding solutions. This extends to programs via the usual technique of a least fixpoint con...

  3. Where Are the Semantics in the Semantic Web?

    Uschold, Michael

    2003-01-01

    The most widely accepted defining feature of the semantic web is machine-usable content. By this definition, the semantic web is already manifest in shopping agents that automatically access and use web content to find the lowest air fares or book prices. However, where are the semantics? Most people regard the semantic web as a vision, not a reality -- so shopping agents should not "count." To use web content, machines need to know what to do when they encounter it, which, in turn, requires ...

  4. Semantic Web Services Fundamentals

    Heymans, Stijn; Hoffmann, Joerg; Marconi, Annapaola; Phlipps, Joshua; Weber, Ingo

    2011-01-01

    The research area of Semantic Web Services investigates the annotation of services, typically in a SOA, with a precise mathematical meaning in a formal ontology. These annotations allow a higher degree of automation. The last decade has seen a wide proliferation of such approaches, proposing different ontology languages, and paradigms for employing these in practice. The next chapter gives an overview of these approaches. In the present chapter, we provide an understanding of the fundamental ...

  5. Metaphor and Lexical Semantics

    Michael Glanzberg

    2008-01-01

    ABSTRACT: This paper shows that several sorts of expressions cannot be interpreted metaphorically, including determiners, tenses, etc. Generally, functional categories cannot be interpreted metaphorically, while lexical categories can. This reveals a semantic property of functional categories, and it shows that metaphor can be used as a probe for investigating them. It also reveals an important linguistic constraint on metaphor. The paper argues this constraint applies to the interface betwee...

  6. Insensitive Enough Semantics

    Richard Vallée

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available According to some philosophers, sentences like (1 “It is raining” and (2 “John is ready” are context sensitive sentences even if they do not contain indexicals or demonstratives. That view initiated a context sensitivity frenzy. Cappelen and Lepore (2005 summarize the frenzy by the slogan “Every sentence is context sensitive” (Insensitive Semantics, p. 6, note 5. They suggest a view they call Minimalism according to which the truth conditions of utterances of sentences like (1/(2 are exactly what Convention T gives you. I will distinguish different propositions, and refocus semantics on sentences. As distinct from what the protagonists in the ongoing debate think, I argue that the content or truth conditions of utterances of both context sensitive sentences and sentences like (1/(2 are not interesting from a semantic point of view, and that the problem sentences like (1/(2 raises is not about context sensitivity or context insensitivity of sentences, but relevance of the content of utterances.

  7. Hierarchical Semantic Model of Geovideo

    XIE Xiao

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The public security incidents were getting increasingly challenging with regard to their new features, including multi-scale mobility, multistage dynamic evolution, as well as spatiotemporal concurrency and uncertainty in the complex urban environment. However, the existing video models, which were used/designed for independent archive or local analysis of surveillance video, have seriously inhibited emergency response to the urgent requirements.Aiming at the explicit representation of change mechanism in video, the paper proposed a novel hierarchical geovideo semantic model using UML. This model was characterized by the hierarchical representation of both data structure and semantics based on the change-oriented three domains (feature domain, process domain and event domain instead of overall semantic description of video streaming; combining both geographical semantics and video content semantics, in support of global semantic association between multiple geovideo data. The public security incidents by video surveillance are inspected as an example to illustrate the validity of this model.

  8. SEMANTIC WEB (CREATING AND QUERYING

    Vidya S. Dandagi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Semantic Web is a system that allows machines to understand complex human requests. Depending on the meaning semantic web replies. Semantics is the learning of the meanings of linguistic appearance. It is the main branch of contemporary linguistics. Semantics is meaning of words, text or a phrase and relations between them. RDF provides essential support to the Semantic Web. To represent distributed information RDF is created. Applications can use RDF created and process it in an adaptive manner. Knowledge representation is done using RDF standards and it is machine understandable. This paper describes the creation of a semantic web using RDF, and retrieval of accurate results using SparQL query language.

  9. Attention trees and semantic paths

    Giusti, Christian; Pieroni, Goffredo G.; Pieroni, Laura

    2007-02-01

    In the last few decades several techniques for image content extraction, often based on segmentation, have been proposed. It has been suggested that under the assumption of very general image content, segmentation becomes unstable and classification becomes unreliable. According to recent psychological theories, certain image regions attract the attention of human observers more than others and, generally, the image main meaning appears concentrated in those regions. Initially, regions attracting our attention are perceived as a whole and hypotheses on their content are formulated; successively the components of those regions are carefully analyzed and a more precise interpretation is reached. It is interesting to observe that an image decomposition process performed according to these psychological visual attention theories might present advantages with respect to a traditional segmentation approach. In this paper we propose an automatic procedure generating image decomposition based on the detection of visual attention regions. A new clustering algorithm taking advantage of the Delaunay- Voronoi diagrams for achieving the decomposition target is proposed. By applying that algorithm recursively, starting from the whole image, a transformation of the image into a tree of related meaningful regions is obtained (Attention Tree). Successively, a semantic interpretation of the leaf nodes is carried out by using a structure of Neural Networks (Neural Tree) assisted by a knowledge base (Ontology Net). Starting from leaf nodes, paths toward the root node across the Attention Tree are attempted. The task of the path consists in relating the semantics of each child-parent node pair and, consequently, in merging the corresponding image regions. The relationship detected in this way between two tree nodes generates, as a result, the extension of the interpreted image area through each step of the path. The construction of several Attention Trees has been performed and partial

  10. A System-Level Semantics

    Ghica, Dan R.; Tzevelekos, Nikos

    2012-01-01

    Game semantics is a trace-like denotational semantics for programming languages where the notion of legal observable behaviour of a term is defined combinatorially, by means of rules of a game between the term (the "Proponent") and its context (the "Opponent"). In general, the richer the computational features a language has, the less constrained the rules of the semantic game. In this paper we consider the consequences of taking this relaxation of rules to the limit, by granting the Opponent...

  11. Towards an Emergent Semantic Web

    Portmann, Edy

    2012-01-01

    In his in uential article about the evolution of the Web, Berners-Lee [1] envisions a Semantic Web in which humans and computers alike are capable of understanding and processing information. This vision is yet to materialize. The main obstacle for the Semantic Web vision is that in today's Web meaning is rooted most often not in formal semantics, but in natural language and, in the sense of semiology, emerges not before interpretation and processing. Yet, an automated form of interpretation ...

  12. Archaeology and the Semantic Web

    Isaksen, Leif

    2011-01-01

    This thesis explores the application of Semantic Web technologies to the discipline of Archaeology. Part One (Chapters 1-3) offers a discussion of historical developments in this field. It begins with a general comparison of the supposed benefits of semantic technologies and notes that they partially align with the needs of archaeologists. This is followed by a literature review which identifies two different perspectives on the Semantic Web: Mixed-Source Knowledge Representation (MSKR), whic...

  13. Improving Semantic Web Service Discovery

    J. Javier Samper; F. Javier Adell; Leo van den Berg; J. José Martinez

    2008-01-01

    Semantic Web Services (SWS) propose to extend the traditional Web Services technologies on the way to consolidate ontologies and semantics. This makes it possible to select, integrate and invocate services dynamically. In this way, services are able to dynamically adapt themselves to changes without human intervention. The main purpose of this paper is to present an algorithm for matching SWS. The algorithm uses the description of the service capabilities to match the semantic values. The tra...

  14. Semantic Shift in Plant Names

    DOSKOČILOVÁ, Iveta

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the present work is to identify and list English plant names coined by semantic shift, namely by metaphor, metonymy or synecdoche, and to carry out a detailed categorisation of individual semantic categories based on different tendencies within them and interpretation of the results. The theoretical part of my work focuses on different approaches to semantic shift and its categories. It is followed by the practical part which deals individually with metaphor, metonymy and synecdoch...

  15. Semantic multimedia analysis and processing

    Spyrou, Evaggelos; Mylonas, Phivos

    2014-01-01

    Broad in scope, Semantic Multimedia Analysis and Processing provides a complete reference of techniques, algorithms, and solutions for the design and the implementation of contemporary multimedia systems. Offering a balanced, global look at the latest advances in semantic indexing, retrieval, analysis, and processing of multimedia, the book features the contributions of renowned researchers from around the world. Its contents are based on four fundamental thematic pillars: 1) information and content retrieval, 2) semantic knowledge exploitation paradigms, 3) multimedia personalization, and 4)

  16. Survey of semantic modeling techniques

    Smith, C.L.

    1975-07-01

    The analysis of the semantics of programing languages was attempted with numerous modeling techniques. By providing a brief survey of these techniques together with an analysis of their applicability for answering semantic issues, this report attempts to illuminate the state-of-the-art in this area. The intent is to be illustrative rather than thorough in the coverage of semantic models. A bibliography is included for the reader who is interested in pursuing this area of research in more detail.

  17. A Timed Semantics for SDL

    Mørk, Simon; Godskesen, Jens Christian; Hansen, Michael Reichhardt; Sharp, Robin

    An alternative formal semantics for describing the temporal aspects for the ITU-T specification language SDL is proposed, based on the interval temporal logic Duration Calculus (DC). It is shown how DC can be used to give an SDL semantics with a precise treatment oftemporal phenomena. The semantics...... allows true concurrency. We show how it can be used to address issues such as the verification oftemporal properties, process scheduling, and the nature of viewed (shared) variables....

  18. System semantics of explanatory dictionaries

    Volodymyr Shyrokov

    2015-01-01

    System semantics of explanatory dictionariesSome semantic properties of the language to be followed from the structure of lexicographical systems of big explanatory dictionaries are considered. The hyperchains and hypercycles are determined as the definite kind of automorphisms of the lexicographical system of explanatory dictionary. Some semantic consequencies following from the principles of lexicographic closure and lexicographic completeness are investigated using the hyperchains and hype...

  19. OMOGENIA: A Semantically Driven Collaborative Environment

    Liapis, Aggelos

    Ontology creation can be thought of as a social procedure. Indeed the concepts involved in general need to be elicited from communities of domain experts and end-users by teams of knowledge engineers. Many problems in ontology creation appear to resemble certain problems in software design, particularly with respect to the setup of collaborative systems. For instance, the resolution of conceptual conflicts between formalized ontologies is a major engineering problem as ontologies move into widespread use on the semantic web. Such conflict resolution often requires human collaboration and cannot be achieved by automated methods with the exception of simple cases. In this chapter we discuss research in the field of computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW) that focuses on classification and which throws light on ontology building. Furthermore, we present a semantically driven collaborative environment called OMOGENIA as a natural way to display and examine the structure of an evolving ontology in a collaborative setting.

  20. Semantic Content Filtering with Wikipedia and Ontologies

    Malo, Pekka; Ahlgren, Oskar; Wallenius, Jyrki; Korhonen, Pekka

    2010-01-01

    The use of domain knowledge is generally found to improve query efficiency in content filtering applications. In particular, tangible benefits have been achieved when using knowledge-based approaches within more specialized fields, such as medical free texts or legal documents. However, the problem is that sources of domain knowledge are time-consuming to build and equally costly to maintain. As a potential remedy, recent studies on Wikipedia suggest that this large body of socially constructed knowledge can be effectively harnessed to provide not only facts but also accurate information about semantic concept-similarities. This paper describes a framework for document filtering, where Wikipedia's concept-relatedness information is combined with a domain ontology to produce semantic content classifiers. The approach is evaluated using Reuters RCV1 corpus and TREC-11 filtering task definitions. In a comparative study, the approach shows robust performance and appears to outperform content classifiers based on ...

  1. System semantics of explanatory dictionaries

    Volodymyr Shyrokov

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available System semantics of explanatory dictionariesSome semantic properties of the language to be followed from the structure of lexicographical systems of big explanatory dictionaries are considered. The hyperchains and hypercycles are determined as the definite kind of automorphisms of the lexicographical system of explanatory dictionary. Some semantic consequencies following from the principles of lexicographic closure and lexicographic completeness are investigated using the hyperchains and hypercycles formalism. The connection between the hypercyle properties of the lexicographical system semantics and Goedel’s incompleteness theorem is discussed.

  2. Predicting E-Business Adoption through Integrating the Constructs of the Rogers’s Diffusion of Innovation Theory Combined with Technology-Organization-Environment Model

    Mohammad Issa Al-Zoubi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to predict e-business adoption through integrating the constructs of the Rogers’s DOI theory combined with TOE model. Design/methodology/approach– A structural equation modeling is conducted through the analysis of 113firms usable questionnaires. Findings– The results show that the existence of significant relationship between the TOE factors and the businesses e-business adoption. It is found that higher explicitness and accumulation of technology can help the transfer of technological knowledge within the organization and can raise the capability to adopt innovative technologies. Practical implications–for the theory under study is the notion that adoption of e-business can lead to improvements in firms’ performance. It has been revealed that positive influences generally increase with the increase of e-business penetration. Originality/value– The paper is the recently study that examines e-business adoption in the Jordan. Also, the findings allow us to understand the importance of both technology-related aspects and social influence in e-procurement adoption.

  3. Semantic Web Technologies for Digital Libraries

    Rajab Abd al-Hamed

    2007-01-01

    An article about the semantic web, it begins with defining the semantic web and its importance, then talks about the ontology relations, then the role of the semantic web in digital libraries, and its features which will serve digital libraries.

  4. Investigation of CRM in e-business : From a B2C Fashion Companies' Perspectives

    Dire, Isdora; Samano, Dalida

    2012-01-01

    Customers are no longer what they use to be in the past, they are now highly educated, more specialized and more highly influenced by global culture than ever before. For businesses to be able to win the heart of customers, they need to do extra because these customers are the pillar that holds the organizations. One of the method to achieve this is called Customer Relationship Management (CRM). The focus of CRM is about managing customer knowledgem to better understand and serve them. The pu...

  5. Special Market Evolution on E-business Background%E-business背景下专业市场的演进

    程华

    2000-01-01

    The E-business is not only challenge to traditional market, but also support its go up.The traditional market should make full use of Intemet to progressing.%电子商务的出现对传统专业市场既是一种巨大的挑战,也为传统专业市场的升级与优化提供了有力的支撑,专业市场应充分利用互联网络进行优化和升级。目前,我国计算机网络运行差、企业信息普及低、社会化信用体系尚不健全等,决定了中国电子商务还有一段路要走。

  6. A new estimator for sensitivity analysis of model output: An application to the e-business readiness composite indicator

    Tarantola, Stefano [European Commission , Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen, Applied Statistics Group, TP 361, Via E. Fermi, 1, Ispra (Vatican City State, Holy See,), 21020 (Italy)]. E-mail: stefano.tarantola@jrc.it; Nardo, Michela [European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen, Applied Statistics Group, TP 361, Via E. Fermi, 1, Ispra (VA), 21020 (Italy); Saisana, Michaela [European Commission , Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen, Applied Statistics Group, TP 361, Via E. Fermi, 1, Ispra (VA), 21020 (Italy); Gatelli, Debora [European Commission , Joint Research Centre, Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen, Applied Statistics Group, TP 361, Via E. Fermi, 1, Ispra (VA), 21020 (Italy)

    2006-10-15

    In this paper we propose and test a generalisation of the method originally proposed by Sobol', and recently extended by Saltelli, to estimate the first-order and total effect sensitivity indices. Exploiting the symmetries and the dualities of the formulas, we obtain additional estimates of first-order and total indices at no extra computational cost. We test the technique on a case study involving the construction of a composite indicator of e-business readiness, which is part of the initiative 'e-Readiness of European enterprises' of the European Commission 'e-Europe 2005' action plan. The method is used to assess the contribution of uncertainties in (a) the weights of the component indicators and (b) the imputation of missing data on the composite indicator values for several European countries.

  7. Freemium Business Models as the Foundation for Growing an E-business Venture: A Multiple Case Study of Industry Leaders

    Günzel-Jensen, Franziska; Holm, Anna B.

    2015-01-01

    ‘free’ was employed in young entrepreneurial ventures’ business models in the initial life-cycle stages – opportunity recognition, market entry, and market exploitation. We find that various forms of freemium business models are employed through the initial life-cycle stages of a new venture for reasons......In e-business freemium business models have become legitimate. However, current research provides little insight on how the free and premium offering should be employed to lead to growth and success in the long run. The presented research aims to fill this gap by investigating how the property...... of trial-and-error, learning, exploration, legitimization and resource acquisition. A freemium business model can also serve as a nascent business model, though without a sustainable monetization component, for finding a sustainable business model through a series of dynamic adjustments. With our...

  8. A new estimator for sensitivity analysis of model output: An application to the e-business readiness composite indicator

    In this paper we propose and test a generalisation of the method originally proposed by Sobol', and recently extended by Saltelli, to estimate the first-order and total effect sensitivity indices. Exploiting the symmetries and the dualities of the formulas, we obtain additional estimates of first-order and total indices at no extra computational cost. We test the technique on a case study involving the construction of a composite indicator of e-business readiness, which is part of the initiative 'e-Readiness of European enterprises' of the European Commission 'e-Europe 2005' action plan. The method is used to assess the contribution of uncertainties in (a) the weights of the component indicators and (b) the imputation of missing data on the composite indicator values for several European countries

  9. A Legal Perspective of E-Businesses and E-Marketing for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs

    Muneeb Iqbal

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Electronic businesses are witnessing enormous growth as more and more people are switching to onlineplatforms. The widespread use of Internet has opened new channels to operate trade for many businesses.Also electronic marketing has become a proven channel of passing on the word to the customers. Legal andethical issues quickly become an area of concern. In this research recommendations are made toharmonize IT and Internet Laws. A novel approach is proposed to promote legal risk management culturein organizations. It begins with revising current state of regulations surrounding eBusinesses andelectronic marketing. The proposed approach offers risk management by considering risk mitigationstrategy, educating people and use of information technology. Monitoring compliance requirements aremet by reviewing the latest changes in regulations and rewarding the employees who ensures the successfulimplementation of the strategy.

  10. The Missing Link: How Lack of Branding Can Drive to Failures in e-Business and e-Commerce Ventures

    Adamantios Koumpis

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the paper we present first hand and personal experiences from the lack of branding and how much it can influence the failure of a project or a venture. We do so in terms of present a personal failure story, namely this of the PACE toolkit, a methodology that the author has co-developed at ALTEC Research Programmes Division for valuating intellectual and intangible assets, in parallel with the success story of the business model canvas developed by Alex Osterwalder. We emphasise on the need for e-business and e-commerce professionals and practitioners to more seriously and enthusiastically invest in branding related activities. Involving others such as future potential users or customers as well as investors is a key in the adoption and uptake of our offerings.

  11. Fully Abstract Game Semantics for Actors

    Wang, Yong

    2014-01-01

    Along the way paved by the recent concurrent game semantics for process algebra CCS and $\\pi$-calculus, based on the basic characteristics of the actor computational model and the very reductive semantics for actors, we establish a fully abstract concurrent game semantics for actors by borrowing the algebraic structure from CCS. This semantics can both be seen as an innocent presheaf semantics, and a concurrent game semantics.

  12. A HowNet-Based Semantic Relatedness Kernel for Text Classification

    Pei-Ying Zhang

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The exploitation of the semantic relatedness kernel has always been an appealing subject in the context of text retrieval and information management. Typically, in text classification the documents are represented in the vector space using the bag-of-words (BOW approach. The BOW approach does not take into account the semantic relatedness information. To further improve the text classification performance, this paper presents a new semantic-based kernel of support vector machine algorithm for text classification. This method firstly using CHI method to select document feature vectors, secondly calculates the feature vector weights using TF-IDF method, and utilizes the semantic relatedness kernel which involves the semantic similarity computation and semantic relevance computation to classify the document using support vector machines. Experimental results show that compared with the traditional support vector machine algorithm, the algorithm in the text classification achieves improved classification F1-measure.

  13. Non-semantic contributions to "semantic" redundancy gain.

    Shepherdson, Peter; Miller, Jeff

    2016-08-01

    Recently, two groups of researchers have reported redundancy gains (enhanced performance with multiple, redundant targets) in tasks requiring semantic categorization. Here we report two experiments aimed at determining whether the gains found by one of these groups resulted from some form of semantic coactivation. We asked undergraduate psychology students to complete choice RT tasks requiring the semantic categorization of visually presented words, and compared performance with redundant targets from the same semantic category to performance with redundant targets from different semantic categories. If the redundancy gains resulted from the combination of information at a semantic level, they should have been greater in the former than the latter situation. However, our results showed no significant differences in redundancy gain (for latency and accuracy) between same-category and different-category conditions, despite gains appearing in both conditions. Thus, we suggest that redundancy gain in the semantic categorization task may result entirely from statistical facilitation or combination of information at non-semantic levels. PMID:26339718

  14. Developing Semantic Business Model for VO Construction on Semantic Grid

    CHU Wang; QIAN Depei

    2006-01-01

    This paper combines semantic web technology with business modeling and yields semantic business model that is semantically described in terms of roles and relationships. The semantic business model can be used to discover grid services by means of automation tools. The gap between business goals and grid services is bridged by role relationships and compositions of them, so that the virtual organization evolution is supported effectively. Semantic business model can support virtual organization validation at design stage rather than at run-time stage. The designers can animate their business model and make initial assessment of what interactions should occur between roles and in which order. The users can verify whether the grid service compositions satisfy business goals.

  15. Semantics and the crowd

    Mark GREAVES

    2012-01-01

    One of the principal scientific challenges that drives my group is to understand the character of formal knowledge on the Web.By formal knowledge,I mean information that is represented on the Web in something other than natural language text—typically,as machine-readable Web data with a formal syntax and a specific,intended semantics.The Web provides a major counterpoint to our traditional artificial intelligence (AI) based accounts of formal knowledge.Most symbolic AI systems are designed to address sophisticated logical inference over coherent conceptual knowledge,and thus the underlying research is focused on characterizing formal properties such as entailment relations,time/space complexity of inference,monotonicity,and expressiveness.In contrast,the Semantic Web allows us to explore formal knowledge in a very different context,where data representations exist in a constantly changing,large-scale,highly distributed network of looselyconnected publishers and consumers,and are governed by a Web-derived set of social practices for discovery,trust,reliability,and use.We are particularly interested in understanding how large-scale Semantic Web data behaves over longer time periods:the way by which its producers and consumers shift their requirements over time;how uniform resource identifiers (URIs) are used to dynamically link knowledge together;and the overall lifecycle of Web data from publication,to use,integration with other knowledge,evolution,and eventual deprecation.We believe that understanding formal knowledge in this Web context is the key to bringing existing AI insights and knowledge bases to the level of scale and utility of the current hypertext Web.

  16. Towards Semantic e-Science for Traditional Chinese Medicine

    Zhou Chunying

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Recent advances in Web and information technologies with the increasing decentralization of organizational structures have resulted in massive amounts of information resources and domain-specific services in Traditional Chinese Medicine. The massive volume and diversity of information and services available have made it difficult to achieve seamless and interoperable e-Science for knowledge-intensive disciplines like TCM. Therefore, information integration and service coordination are two major challenges in e-Science for TCM. We still lack sophisticated approaches to integrate scientific data and services for TCM e-Science. Results We present a comprehensive approach to build dynamic and extendable e-Science applications for knowledge-intensive disciplines like TCM based on semantic and knowledge-based techniques. The semantic e-Science infrastructure for TCM supports large-scale database integration and service coordination in a virtual organization. We use domain ontologies to integrate TCM database resources and services in a semantic cyberspace and deliver a semantically superior experience including browsing, searching, querying and knowledge discovering to users. We have developed a collection of semantic-based toolkits to facilitate TCM scientists and researchers in information sharing and collaborative research. Conclusion Semantic and knowledge-based techniques are suitable to knowledge-intensive disciplines like TCM. It's possible to build on-demand e-Science system for TCM based on existing semantic and knowledge-based techniques. The presented approach in the paper integrates heterogeneous distributed TCM databases and services, and provides scientists with semantically superior experience to support collaborative research in TCM discipline.

  17. Universal semantic communication

    Juba, Brendan

    2011-01-01

    Is meaningful communication possible between two intelligent parties who share no common language or background? In this work, a theoretical framework is proposed in which it is possible to address when and to what extent such semantic communication is possible: such problems can be rigorously addressed by explicitly focusing on the goals of the communication. Under this framework, it is possible to show that for many goals, communication without any common language or background is possible using universal protocols. This work should be accessible to anyone with an undergraduate-level knowled

  18. Semantic and Process Interoperability

    Félix Oscar Fernández Peña

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge management systems support education at different levels of the education. This is very important for the process in which the higher education of Cuba is involved. Structural transformations of teaching are focused on supporting the foundation of the information society in the country. This paper describes technical aspects of the designing of a model for the integration of multiple knowledgemanagement tools supporting teaching. The proposal is based on the definition of an ontology for the explicit formal description of the semantic of motivations of students and teachers in the learning process. Its target is to facilitate knowledge spreading.

  19. The emerging semantic web

    Cruz, Isabel; Decker, Stefan; Euzenat, Jérôme; McGuinness, Deborah

    2002-01-01

    The World Wide Web has been the main source of an important shift in the way people get information and order services. However, the current Web is aimed at people only. The Semantic Web is a Web defined and linked in a way that it can be used by machines not just for display purposes, but also for automation, integration and reuse of data across various applications. Facilities and technologies to put machine understandable data on the Web are rapidly becoming a high priority for many commun...

  20. Mappings for the Semantic Web

    Gómez-Pérez, A.; Ramos, JA

    2008-01-01

    Mappings usually relate two similar knowledge aware resources. Mapping examples abound in thesauri, databases, and ontologies. Additionally, mapping systems can relate two different knowledge resources, such as databases and ontologies. All these mappings are operationally different and are sometimes named differently— for example, correspondences, semantic bridges, transformations, semantic relations, functions, conversions, and domain-method relations

  1. Hypertext in the Semantic Web

    Miles-Board, Timothy; Kampa, Simon; Carr, Les; Hall, Wendy

    2001-01-01

    The Semantic Web extends the current state of the Web with well-defined meaning. We advocate the use of ontological hypertext as an application of the Semantic Web to provide a principled and structured approach to navigating the resources on the Web. This paper demonstrates how we have applied this concept to two real-world scenarios.

  2. Semantic Image Segmentation with Contextual Hierarchical Models.

    Seyedhosseini, Mojtaba; Tasdizen, Tolga

    2016-05-01

    Semantic segmentation is the problem of assigning an object label to each pixel. It unifies the image segmentation and object recognition problems. The importance of using contextual information in semantic segmentation frameworks has been widely realized in the field. We propose a contextual framework, called contextual hierarchical model (CHM), which learns contextual information in a hierarchical framework for semantic segmentation. At each level of the hierarchy, a classifier is trained based on downsampled input images and outputs of previous levels. Our model then incorporates the resulting multi-resolution contextual information into a classifier to segment the input image at original resolution. This training strategy allows for optimization of a joint posterior probability at multiple resolutions through the hierarchy. Contextual hierarchical model is purely based on the input image patches and does not make use of any fragments or shape examples. Hence, it is applicable to a variety of problems such as object segmentation and edge detection. We demonstrate that CHM performs at par with state-of-the-art on Stanford background and Weizmann horse datasets. It also outperforms state-of-the-art edge detection methods on NYU depth dataset and achieves state-of-the-art on Berkeley segmentation dataset (BSDS 500). PMID:26336116

  3. Conscious and unconscious detection of semantic anomalies.

    Hannon, Brenda

    2015-01-01

    When asked What superhero is associated with bats, Robin, the Penguin, Metropolis, Catwoman, the Riddler, the Joker, and Mr. Freeze? people frequently fail to notice the anomalous word Metropolis. The goals of this study were to determine whether detection of semantic anomalies, like Metropolis, is conscious or unconscious and whether this detection is immediate or delayed. To achieve these goals, participants answered anomalous and nonanomalous questions as their reading times for words were recorded. Comparisons between detected versus undetected anomalies revealed slower reading times for detected anomalies-a finding that suggests that people immediately and consciously detected anomalies. Further, comparisons between first and second words following undetected anomalies versus nonanomalous controls revealed some slower reading times for first and second words-a finding that suggests that people may have unconsciously detected anomalies but this detection was delayed. Taken together, these findings support the idea that when we are immediately aware of a semantic anomaly (i.e., immediate conscious detection) our language processes make immediate adjustments in order to reconcile contradictory information of anomalies with surrounding text; however, even when we are not consciously aware of semantic anomalies, our language processes still make these adjustments, although these adjustments are delayed (i.e., delayed unconscious detection). PMID:25624136

  4. Semantic Query Reformulation in Social PDMS

    Bonifati, Angela; Pacitti, Esther; Draidi, Fady

    2011-01-01

    We consider social peer-to-peer data management systems (PDMS), where each peer maintains both semantic mappings between its schema and some acquaintances, and social links with peer friends. In this context, reformulating a query from a peer's schema into other peer's schemas is a hard problem, as it may generate as many rewritings as the set of mappings from that peer to the outside and transitively on, by eventually traversing the entire network. However, not all the obtained rewritings are relevant to a given query. In this paper, we address this problem by inspecting semantic mappings and social links to find only relevant rewritings. We propose a new notion of 'relevance' of a query with respect to a mapping, and, based on this notion, a new semantic query reformulation approach for social PDMS, which achieves great accuracy and flexibility. To find rapidly the most interesting mappings, we combine several techniques: (i) social links are expressed as FOAF (Friend of a Friend) links to characterize peer...

  5. 考虑退货费用的B2C电子商务企业利润最大化模型研究%Profit Maximization Model for B2C E-business Enterprises Considering Return Cost

    倪明; 王武

    2011-01-01

    在回顾相关文献的基础上,把退款和退货费用分担作为B2C电子商务企业退货策略的两个方面进行研究,建立商品消费市场的利润最大化模型。研究表明:在消费者对退款较为敏感的商品消费市场中,B2C电子商务企业采取宽松的退款策略,少分担或不分担退货费用有利于实现企业利润最大化;而在消费者对退货费用分担较为敏感的商品消费市场中,B2C电子商务企业应尽量提高退货费用的分担比重,同时采取较为严格的退款策略,以有利于实现企业利润最大化。%On the basis of the literature review, the authors take refund and return cost-sharing as two aspects of e-business enterprises' return policy and establish the profit maximization model of the commodities consumer market. The study shows that in the market that consumers are sensitive to the refund of goods, B2C e-business enterprises should adopt generous refund strategies and share less return cost or not share the return cost to achieve maximum profit. However, in the market that consumers are sensitive to the return cost-sharing, B2C e-business enterprises should try to increase the proportion of the return cost-sharing and take more strict refund strategies, and that is helpful to achieve maximum profit.

  6. Disorders of semantic memory.

    McCarthy, R A; Warrington, E K

    1994-10-29

    It is now established that selective disorders of semantic memory may arise after focal cerebral lesions. Debate and dissension remain on three principal issues: category specificity, the status of modality-dependent knowledge, and the stability and sufficiency of stored information. Theories of category specificity have focused on the frequently reported dissociation between living things and man-made objects. However, other dimensions need theoretical integration. Impairments can be both finer-grain and broader in range. A second variable of importance is stimulus modality. Reciprocal interactive dissociations between vision and language and between animals and objects will be described. These indicate that the derivation of semantic information is constrained by input modality: we appear to have evolved separable databases for the visual and the verbal world. Thirdly, an orthogonal distinction has been drawn between degradation disorders, where representations are insufficient for comprehension, and access deficits, in which representations have become unstable. These issues may have their parallel in the acquisition of knowledge by the developing child. PMID:7886158

  7. "Pre-Semantic" Cognition Revisited: Critical Differences between Semantic Aphasia and Semantic Dementia

    Jefferies, Elizabeth; Rogers, Timothy T.; Hopper, Samantha; Lambon Ralph, Matthew A.

    2010-01-01

    Patients with semantic dementia show a specific pattern of impairment on both verbal and non-verbal "pre-semantic" tasks, e.g., reading aloud, past tense generation, spelling to dictation, lexical decision, object decision, colour decision and delayed picture copying. All seven tasks are characterised by poorer performance for items that are…

  8. Semantic enrichment for medical ontologies.

    Lee, Yugyung; Geller, James

    2006-04-01

    The Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) contains two separate but interconnected knowledge structures, the Semantic Network (upper level) and the Metathesaurus (lower level). In this paper, we have attempted to work out better how the use of such a two-level structure in the medical field has led to notable advances in terminologies and ontologies. However, most ontologies and terminologies do not have such a two-level structure. Therefore, we present a method, called semantic enrichment, which generates a two-level ontology from a given one-level terminology and an auxiliary two-level ontology. During semantic enrichment, concepts of the one-level terminology are assigned to semantic types, which are the building blocks of the upper level of the auxiliary two-level ontology. The result of this process is the desired new two-level ontology. We discuss semantic enrichment of two example terminologies and how we approach the implementation of semantic enrichment in the medical domain. This implementation performs a major part of the semantic enrichment process with the medical terminologies, with difficult cases left to a human expert. PMID:16185937

  9. Semantic service integration for smart grids

    Rohjans, S

    2012-01-01

    The scope of the research presented includes semantic-based integration of data services in smart grids achieved through following the proposed (S²)In-approach developed corresponding to design science guidelines. This approach identifies standards and specifications, which are integrated in order to build the basis for the (S²)In-architecture. A process model is introduced in the beginning, which serves as framework for developing the target architecture. The first step of the process stipulates to define requirements for smart grid ICT-architectures being derived from established studies and

  10. The Fractal Nature of the Semantic Web

    Berners-Lee, Tim; Massachusetts Institute of Technology; Kagal, Lalana; Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2008-01-01

    In the past, many knowledge representation systems failed because they were too monolithic and didn’t scale well, whereas other systems failed to have an impact because they were small and isolated. Along with this trade-off in size, there is also a constant tension between the cost involved in building a larger community that can interoperate through common terms and the cost of the lack of interoperability. The semantic web offers a good compromise between these approaches as it achieves wi...

  11. Factor Structure of Content Preparation for E-Business Web Sites: Results of a Survey of 428 Industrial Employees in the People's Republic of China

    Guo, Yinni; Salvendy, Gavriel

    2009-01-01

    To better fulfil customer satisfaction, a study of what content e-business web sites should contain is conducted. Based on background literature, a content preparation survey of 70 items was developed and completed by 428 white collar employees of an electronic company in mainland China. The survey aimed at examining the significant content…

  12. An E-Business Model Based on P2P%基于P2P的电子商务模型

    贾莎莎; 侯济恭

    2011-01-01

    The defects of two popular e - business models were analyzed and the needs of current Chinese companies were investigated. A new B2B e - business model was proposed on basis of P2P. It is a beneficial supplement to the existed models and feasible for e-business in China. The P2P- based e- business model and its characteristics,including its structure of the system,market establishment, working process and key technologies, were discussed in detail.%分析了目前常用的两种电子商务模式存在的问题,以及我国国情下企业对电子商务的特殊需求,提出了基于P2P的电子商务模型,该模型是对现有电子商务模式的补充,是我国电子商务的一种可行方案.详细论述了基于P2P的电子商务模型和性能特点,包括其体系结构、市场建立、工作过程及关键技术.

  13. Application Research on Tourism E-Business in Qinhuangdao%秦皇岛市旅游电子商务应用研究

    李荣香; 胡铁; 李志学

    2011-01-01

    The wide application of e-business in tourism makes tourism e-business be a new competitive business model in tourism industry. This paper describes current situation of tourism e-business application in Qinhuangdao City, analyzes problems of tourism e-business applications and proposes solutions for the development of tourism e-commerce reference in Qinhuangdao.%电子商务在旅游业的广泛应用,使旅游电子商务成为旅游业内一种有竞争力的新经营模式.本文从介绍秦皇岛市旅游电子商务应用现状入手,分析秦皇岛市旅游电子商务应用存在的问题,并提出相应的解决方案,供秦皇岛市旅游业发展电子商务借鉴.

  14. Individual Differences in Learning Entrepreneurship and Their Implications for Web-Based Instruction in E-Business and E-Commerce.

    Foster, Jonathan; Lin, Angela

    2003-01-01

    Discusses results from a survey of graduates following a module in e-business and e-commerce at the University of Sheffield that suggest differences in prior knowledge and cultural background impact students' acquisition of domain knowledge and intellectual and information research skills. Considers implications for Web-based instruction.…

  15. Semantic Web Mining: Benefits, Challenges and Opportunities

    Syeda Farha Shazmeen

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Semantic Web Mining aims at combining the two areas Semantic Web and Web Mining by using semantics to improve mining and using mining to create semantics. Web Mining aims at discovering insights about the meaning of Web resources and their usage In Semantic Web, the semantics information is presented by the relation with others and is recorded by RDF. RDF which is semantic web technology that can be utilized to build efficient and scalable systems for Cloud. The Semantic Web enriches the World Wide Web by machine process able information which supports the user in his tasks, and also helps the users to get the exact search result .In this paper; we discuss the interplay of the Semantic Web with Web Mining, list out the benefits. Challenges, opportunities of the Semantic web are discussed.

  16. Semantic Search Engine: A Survey

    Anusree.ramachandran; R Sujatha

    2011-01-01

    The semantic search engines have some advantages on the web search engines from the users view. In this fast life everybody need the answer for their queries very fast .In this scenario semantic searching engines will be helpful. It deals with the actual meaning of the queries. The tremendous growth in the volume of data or the information lead the traditional search engines to get the answers syntactically correct but large in amount. That might be the reason to get into the semantic search ...

  17. From autopoiesis to semantic closure.

    Stewart, J

    2000-01-01

    This article addresses the question of providing an adequate mathematical formulation for the concepts of autopoiesis and closure under efficient cause. What is required is metaphorically equivalent to reducing the act of writing to a set of mathematical equations, habitually effected by a human mathematician, within the ongoing function of the system itself. This, in turn, raises the question of the relationship between autopoiesis and semantics. The hypothesis suggested is that whereas semantics clearly requires autopoiesis, it may be also be the case that autopoiesis itself can only be materially realized in a system that is characterized by a semantic dimension. PMID:10818567

  18. Workspaces in the Semantic Web

    Wolfe, Shawn R.; Keller, RIchard M.

    2005-01-01

    Due to the recency and relatively limited adoption of Semantic Web technologies. practical issues related to technology scaling have received less attention than foundational issues. Nonetheless, these issues must be addressed if the Semantic Web is to realize its full potential. In particular, we concentrate on the lack of scoping methods that reduce the size of semantic information spaces so they are more efficient to work with and more relevant to an agent's needs. We provide some intuition to motivate the need for such reduced information spaces, called workspaces, give a formal definition, and suggest possible methods of deriving them.

  19. Operational Semantics of Termination Types

    Nielson, Flemming; Nielson, Hanne Riis

    1996-01-01

    In principle termination analysis is easy: find a well-founded ordering and prove that calls decrease with respect to the ordering. We show how to embed termination information into a polymorphic type system for an eager higher-order functional language allowing multiple-argument functions and...... algebraic data types. The well-founded orderings are defined by pattern matching against the definition of the algebraic data types. We prove that the analysis is semantically sound with respect to a big-step (or natural) operational semantics. We compare our approach based on operational semantics to one...

  20. Formal Component-Based Semantics

    Madlener, Ken; van Eekelen, Marko; 10.4204/EPTCS.62.2

    2011-01-01

    One of the proposed solutions for improving the scalability of semantics of programming languages is Component-Based Semantics, introduced by Peter D. Mosses. It is expected that this framework can also be used effectively for modular meta theoretic reasoning. This paper presents a formalization of Component-Based Semantics in the theorem prover Coq. It is based on Modular SOS, a variant of SOS, and makes essential use of dependent types, while profiting from type classes. This formalization constitutes a contribution towards modular meta theoretic formalizations in theorem provers. As a small example, a modular proof of determinism of a mini-language is developed.

  1. Semantic acquisition games harnessing manpower for creating semantics

    Šimko, Jakub

    2014-01-01

    A comprehensive and extensive review of state-of-the-art in semantics acquisition game (SAG) design A set of design patterns for SAG designers A set of case studies (real SAG projects) demonstrating the use of SAG design patterns

  2. Adaptive semantics visualization

    Nazemi, Kawa

    2016-01-01

    This book introduces a novel approach for intelligent visualizations that adapts the different visual variables and data processing to human’s behavior and given tasks. Thereby a number of new algorithms and methods are introduced to satisfy the human need of information and knowledge and enable a usable and attractive way of information acquisition. Each method and algorithm is illustrated in a replicable way to enable the reproduction of the entire “SemaVis” system or parts of it. The introduced evaluation is scientifically well-designed and performed with more than enough participants to validate the benefits of the methods. Beside the introduced new approaches and algorithms, readers may find a sophisticated literature review in Information Visualization and Visual Analytics, Semantics and information extraction, and intelligent and adaptive systems. This book is based on an awarded and distinguished doctoral thesis in computer science.

  3. Communication of Semantic Properties

    Lenau, Torben Anker; Boelskifte, Per

    2004-01-01

    The selection of materials and planning for production play a key role for the design of physical products. Product function, appearance and expression are influenced by the chosen materials and how they are shaped. However these properties are not carried by the material itself, but by the...... processes. This working paper argues for the need for a commonly accepted terminology used to communicate semantic product properties. Designers and others involved in design processes are dependent of a sharp and clear verbal communication. Search facilities in computer programs for product and material...... specific way that the materials are used in the product. Selection of materials is therefore often done by looking at similar products. The product as well as its constitutive materials possesses a number of technical properties like strength, stiffness and hardness. Furthermore the product possesses a...

  4. Automatic Discovery of Word Semantic Relations

    Dias, Gael; Moraliyski, Rumen; Cordeiro, Joao; Doucet, Antoine; Ahonen-Myka, Helena

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we propose an unsupervised methodology to automatically discover pairs of semantically related words by highlighting their local environment and evaluating their semantic similarity in local and global semantic spaces. This proposal di®ers from previous research as it tries to take the best of two different methodologies i.e. semantic space models and information extraction models. It can be applied to extract close semantic relations, it limits the search space and...

  5. Search Relevance based on the Semantic Web

    Bicer, Veli

    2012-01-01

    In this thesis, we explore the challenge of search relevance in the context of semantic search. Specifically, the notion of semantic relevance can be distinguished from the other types of relevance in Information Retrieval (IR) in terms of employing an underlying semantic model. We propose the emerging Semantic Web data on the Web which is represented in RDF graph structures as an important candidate to become such a semantic model in a search process.

  6. Model Design of Semantic Website Construction

    Yu Guo; Jie Liu

    2014-01-01

    Semantic web is an extension of the current World Wide Web. This paper proposes a new model of constructing semantic website, and takes the construction of semantic website in the field of tourism in Africa as an example, and describes an approach to build the semantic website. It is a common approach and can be applied to the construction of other semantic websites. First, analyze user’s requirements, and then build domain ontology based on them requirements, design interactive interfa...

  7. Semantics, contrastive linguistics and parallel corpora

    Violetta Koseska

    2014-01-01

    Semantics, contrastive linguistics and parallel corporaIn view of the ambiguity of the term “semantics”, the author shows the differences between the traditional lexical semantics and the contemporary semantics in the light of various semantic schools. She examines semantics differently in connection with contrastive studies where the description must necessary go from the meaning towards the linguistic form, whereas in traditional contrastive studies the description proceeded from the form t...

  8. About Certain Semantic Annotation in Parallel Corpora

    Violetta Koseska-Toszewa

    2015-01-01

    About Certain Semantic Annotation in Parallel CorporaThe semantic notation analyzed in this works is contained in the second stream of semantic theories presented here – in the direct approach semantics. We used this stream in our work on the Bulgarian-Polish Contrastive Grammar. Our semantic notation distinguishes quantificational meanings of names and predicates, and indicates aspectual and temporal meanings of verbs. It relies on logical scope-based quantification and on the contemporary t...

  9. Semantic Session Analysis for Web Usage Mining

    ZHANG Hui; SONG Hantao; XU Xiaomei

    2007-01-01

    A semantic session analysis method partitioning Web usage logs is presented. Semantic Web usage log preparation model enhances usage logs with semantic. The Markov chain model based on ontology semantic measurement is used to identifying which active session a request should belong to. The competitive method is applied to determine the end of the sessions.Compared with other algorithms, more successful sessions are additionally detected by semantic outlier analysis.

  10. Semantic Web Services in Corporate Memories

    Lo, Moussa; Gandon, Fabien

    2007-01-01

    We present our experiment in integrating semantic web services in the existing corporate semantic web server architecture we use to implement corporate memories. We rely on a semantic web search engine, to provide a semantic registry and automatically discover and invoke corporate applications wrapped into semantically annotated web services. Using rules we also demonstrate how to compose the web services with queries on the knowledge stored in the corporate memory to automatically populate t...

  11. The UMLS® Semantic Network and the Semantic Web

    Kashyap, Vipul

    2003-01-01

    The Unified Medical Language System® (UMLS®) , an extensive source of biomedical knowledge developed and maintained by the US National Library of Medicine (NLM) is being currently used in a wide variety of biomedical applications. The Semantic Network, a component of the UMLS is a structured description of core biomedical knowledge consisting of well defined semantic types and relationships between them. We investigate the expressiveness of DAML+OIL, a markup language proposed for ontologies ...

  12. A Real Semantic Web for Mathematics Deserves a Real Semantics

    Corbineau, P.H.J.M.; Geuvers, J.H.; Kaliszyk, C.S.; McKinna, J.H.; Wiedijk, F.

    2008-01-01

    Mathematical documents, and their instrumentation by computers, have rich structure at the layers of presentation, metadata and semantics, as objects in a system for formal mathematical logic. Semantic Web tools [2] support the first two of these, with little, if any, contribution to the third, while Proof Assistants [17] instrument the third layer, typically with bespoke approaches to the first two. Our position is that a web of mathematical documents, definitions and proofs should be given ...

  13. Semantic web technologies for enterprise 2.0

    Passant, A

    2010-01-01

    In this book, we detail different theories, methods and implementations combining Web 2.0 paradigms and Semantic Web technologies in Enterprise environments. After introducing those terms, we present the current shortcomings of tools such as blogs and wikis as well as tagging practices in an Enterprise 2.0 context. We define the SemSLATES methodology and the global vision of a middleware architecture based on Semantic Web technologies and Linked Data principles (languages, models, tools and protocols) to solve these issues. Then, we detail the various ontologies that we build to achieve this g

  14. Constructing a semantic predication gold standard from the biomedical literature

    Kilicoglu Halil

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Semantic relations increasingly underpin biomedical text mining and knowledge discovery applications. The success of such practical applications crucially depends on the quality of extracted relations, which can be assessed against a gold standard reference. Most such references in biomedical text mining focus on narrow subdomains and adopt different semantic representations, rendering them difficult to use for benchmarking independently developed relation extraction systems. In this article, we present a multi-phase gold standard annotation study, in which we annotated 500 sentences randomly selected from MEDLINE abstracts on a wide range of biomedical topics with 1371 semantic predications. The UMLS Metathesaurus served as the main source for conceptual information and the UMLS Semantic Network for relational information. We measured interannotator agreement and analyzed the annotations closely to identify some of the challenges in annotating biomedical text with relations based on an ontology or a terminology. Results We obtain fair to moderate interannotator agreement in the practice phase (0.378-0.475. With improved guidelines and additional semantic equivalence criteria, the agreement increases by 12% (0.415 to 0.536 in the main annotation phase. In addition, we find that agreement increases to 0.688 when the agreement calculation is limited to those predications that are based only on the explicitly provided UMLS concepts and relations. Conclusions While interannotator agreement in the practice phase confirms that conceptual annotation is a challenging task, the increasing agreement in the main annotation phase points out that an acceptable level of agreement can be achieved in multiple iterations, by setting stricter guidelines and establishing semantic equivalence criteria. Mapping text to ontological concepts emerges as the main challenge in conceptual annotation. Annotating predications involving biomolecular

  15. Graph-based Operational Semantics of a Lazy Functional Languages

    Rose, Kristoffer Høgsbro

    1992-01-01

    Presents Graph Operational Semantics (GOS): a semantic specification formalism based on structural operational semantics and term graph rewriting. Demonstrates the method by specifying the dynamic ...

  16. Chinese semantic processing cerebral areas

    SHAN Baoci; ZHANG Wutian; MA Lin; LI Dejun; CAO Bingli; TANG Yiyuan; WU Yigen; TANG Xiaowei

    2003-01-01

    This study has identified the active cerebral areas of normal Chinese that are associated with Chinese semantic processing using functional brain imaging. According to the traditional cognitive theory, semantic processing is not particularly associated with or affected by input modality. The functional brain imaging experiments were conducted to identify the common active areas of two modalities when subjects perform Chinese semantic tasks through reading and listening respectively. The result has shown that the common active areas include left inferior frontal gyrus (BA 44/45), left posterior inferior temporal gyrus (BA37); the joint area of inferior parietal lobules (BA40) and superior temporal gyrus, the ventral occipital areas and cerebella of both hemispheres. It gives important clue to further discerning the roles of different cerebral areas in Chinese semantic processing.

  17. Principle Based Semantics for HPSG

    Frank, A I

    1994-01-01

    The paper presents a constraint based semantic formalism for HPSG. The advantages of the formlism are shown with respect to a grammar for a fragment of German that deals with (i) quantifier scope ambiguities triggered by scrambling and/or movement and (ii) ambiguities that arise from the collective/distributive distinction of plural NPs. The syntax-semantics interface directly implements syntactic conditions on quantifier scoping and distributivity. The construction of semantic representations is guided by general principles governing the interaction between syntax and semantics. Each of these principles acts as a constraint to narrow down the set of possible interpretations of a sentence. Meanings of ambiguous sentences are represented by single partial representations (so-called U(nderspecified) D(iscourse) R(epresentation) S(tructure)s) to which further constraints can be added monotonically to gain more information about the content of a sentence. There is no need to build up a large number of alternative...

  18. Semantic Knowledge Representation (SKR) API

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The SKR Project was initiated at NLM in order to develop programs to provide usable semantic representation of biomedical free text by building on resources...

  19. Russian nominal semantics and morphology

    Nørgård-Sørensen, Jens

    The principal idea behind this book is that lexis and grammar make up a single coherent structure. It is shown that the grammatical patterns of the different classes of Russian nominals are closely interconnected. They can be described as reflecting a limited set of semantic distinctions which are...... also rooted in the lexical-semantic classification of Russian nouns. The presentation focuses on semantics, both lexical and grammatical, and not least the connection between these two levels of content. The principal theoretical impact is the insight that grammar and lexis should not be seen as a...... random collection of subsystems, but as a comprehensive structure of interconnected oppositions, repeating the same semantic distinctions at different levels and in different lexical and grammatical classes. The book is of interest to students of Russian and linguists with some command, stronger or...

  20. Improving Semantic Web Service Discovery

    J. Javier Samper

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Semantic Web Services (SWS propose to extend the traditional Web Services technologies on the way to consolidate ontologies and semantics. This makes it possible to select, integrate and invocate services dynamically. In this way, services are able to dynamically adapt themselves to changes without human intervention. The main purpose of this paper is to present an algorithm for matching SWS. The algorithm uses the description of the service capabilities to match the semantic values. The traditional matching has been improved using ontologies which constitute a step further in the matching algorithms. To implement the algorithm, an agent FIPA compliant architecture has been designed and developed. The results obtained are positive. The semantic web services framework developed in combination with the use of the matchmaking algorithm, which allows finding services based on their similarities.

  1. Collaborative Semantic Structuring of Folksonomies

    Limpens, Freddy; Gandon, Fabien; Buffa, Michel

    2009-01-01

    The advent of tagging and folksonomies for organizing shared resources on the social Web brought promising opportunities to help communities of users capture their knowledge. However, the lack of semantics, or the spelling variations between tags lowers the potentials for browsing and exploring these data. To overcome these limitations, we propose exploiting the interactions between the users and the systems to validate or correct semantic analysis automatically applied to the tags. This proc...

  2. Semantically enriching folksonomies with FLOR

    Angeletou, Sofia; Sabou, Marta; Motta, Enrico

    2008-01-01

    While the increasing popularity of folksonomies has lead to a vast quantity of tagged data, resource retrieval in these systems is limited by them being agnostic to the meaning (i.e., semantics) of tags. Our goal is to automatically enrich folksonomy tags (and implicitly the related resources) with formal semantics by associating them to relevant concepts defined in online ontologies. We introduce FLOR, a mechanism for automatic folksonomy enrichment by combining knowledge from WordNet and on...

  3. Cooperative Question Answering Semantic Web

    Melo, Dora; Rodrigues, Irene Pimenta; Nogueira, Vitor

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we propose a Cooperative Question Answering System that takes as input queries expressed in natural language and is able to return a cooperative answer obtained from resources in the Semantic Web, more specifically DBpedia represented in OWL/RDF as knowledge base and WordNet to build similar questions. Our system resorts to ontologies not only for reasoning but also to find answers and is independent of prior knowledge of the semantic resources by the user. The natural language ...

  4. Semantic Description of Web Services

    Thabet Slimani

    2013-01-01

    The tasks of semantic web service (discovery, selection, composition, and execution) are supposed to enable seamless interoperation between systems, whereby human intervention is kept at a minimum. In the field of Web service description research, the exploitation of descriptions of services through semantics is a better support for the life-cycle of Web services. The large number of developed ontologies, languages of representations, and integrated frameworks supporting the discovery, compos...

  5. Benchmarking in the Semantic Web

    García-Castro, Raúl; Gómez-Pérez, A.

    2009-01-01

    The Semantic Web technology needs to be thoroughly evaluated for providing objective results and obtaining massive improvement in its quality; thus, the transfer of this technology from research to industry will speed up. This chapter presents software benchmarking, a process that aims to improve the Semantic Web technology and to find the best practices. The chapter also describes a specific software benchmarking methodology and shows how this methodology has been used to benchmark the inter...

  6. Backward semantic inhibition in toddlers

    Chow, J.; Aimola Davies, AM; Fuentes, LJ; Plunkett, KR

    2016-01-01

    Attention-switching is a crucial ability required in our everyday life, from toddlerhood to adulthood. In adults, shifting attention from one word (e.g., dog) to another (e.g., sea) results in backward semantic inhibition, i.e., the inhibition of the initial word (dog). This study examines whether attention-switching is accompanied by backward semantic inhibition in toddlers using the preferential looking paradigm. The findings demonstrate that a backward inhibitory mechanism operates during ...

  7. Semantic Ambiguity and Perceived Ambiguity

    Poesio, Massimo

    1995-01-01

    I explore some of the issues that arise when trying to establish a connection between the underspecification hypothesis pursued in the NLP literature and work on ambiguity in semantics and in the psychological literature. A theory of underspecification is developed `from the first principles', i.e., starting from a definition of what it means for a sentence to be semantically ambiguous and from what we know about the way humans deal with ambiguity. An underspecified language is specified as t...

  8. Image Semantic Analysis and Understanding

    Shi, Zhongzhi

    2010-01-01

    Image understanding is widely used in many areas like satellite imaging, robotic technologies, sensory networks, medical and biomedical imaging, intelligent transportation systems, etc. But it is difficult by traditional image processing. Recently semantic analysis has become an active research topic aimed at resolving the gap between low level image features and high level semantics which is a promoting approach in image understanding. This talk highlights the sophisticated methodologies of ...

  9. NASA and The Semantic Web

    Ashish, Naveen

    2005-01-01

    We provide an overview of several ongoing NASA endeavors based on concepts, systems, and technology from the Semantic Web arena. Indeed NASA has been one of the early adopters of Semantic Web Technology and we describe ongoing and completed R&D efforts for several applications ranging from collaborative systems to airspace information management to enterprise search to scientific information gathering and discovery systems at NASA.

  10. The SemanticWeb Languages

    Giunchiglia, Fausto; Farazi, Feroz; Tanca, Letizia; De Virgilio, Roberto

    2009-01-01

    The SemanticWeb is basically an extension of the Web and of the Webenabling database and Internet technology, and, as a consequence, the Semantic Web methodologies, representation mechanisms and logics strongly rely on those developed in databases. This is the motivation for many attempts to, more or less loosely, merge the two worlds like, for instance, the various proposals to use relational technology for storing web data or the use of ontologies for data integration. This article comes se...

  11. INFORMATION CONTENT BASED SEMANTIC SIMILARITY FOR CROSS ONTOLOGICAL CONCEPTS

    K.SARULADHA,

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Semantic similarity mechanism is mandatory in information retrieval, information integration, ontology mapping and psycholinguistics. The objective of this work is to develop a computational approach whichassesses semantic similarity among concepts from different and independent ontologies without constructing apriori a shared ontology. This paper explores the possibility of adapting the existing single ontology information content based approaches and propose methods for assessing semantic similarity among concepts from different multiple ontologies. The proposed approaches are corpus independent and they correlate well with the human judgements. The proposed approaches have been experimented with two biomedical ontologies: SNOMED-CT (Systemized nomenclature of medical clinical terms and Mesh (Medical subject headings and the results are reported. The proposed approaches outperform the other path length based computational methods as it achieves the highest correlation.

  12. Temporal video segmentation using unsupervised clustering and semantic object tracking

    Guensel, Bilge; Ferman, Ahmet M.; Tekalp, A. Murat

    1998-07-01

    This paper proposes a content-based temporal video segmentation system that integrates syntactic (domain- independent) and semantic (domain-dependent) features for automatic management of video data. Temporal video segmentation includes scene change detection and shot classification. The proposed scene change detection method consists of two steps: detection and tracking of semantic objects of interest specified by the user, and an unsupervised method for detection of cuts, and edit effects. Object detection and tracking is achieved using a region matching scheme, where the region of interest is defined by the boundary of the object. A new unsupervised scene change detection method based on two-class clustering is introduced to eliminate the data dependency of threshold selection. The proposed shot classification approach relies on semantic image features and exploits domain-dependent visual properties such as shape, color, and spatial configuration of tracked semantic objects. The system has been applied to segmentation and classification of TV programs collected from different channels. Although the paper focuses on news programs, the method can easily be applied to other TV programs with distinct semantic structure.

  13. A System-Level Semantics

    Ghica, Dan R

    2012-01-01

    Game semantics is a trace-like denotational semantics for programming languages where the notion of legal observable behaviour of a term is defined combinatorially, by means of rules of a game between the term (the "Proponent") and its context (the "Opponent"). In general, the richer the computational features a language has, the less constrained the rules of the semantic game. In this paper we consider the consequences of taking this relaxation of rules to the limit, by granting the Opponent omnipotence, that is, permission to play any move without combinatorial restrictions. However, we impose an epistemic restriction by not granting Opponent omniscience, so that Proponent can have undisclosed secret moves. We introduce a basic C-like programming language and we define such a semantic model for it. We argue that the resulting semantics is an appealingly simple combination of operational and game semantics and we show how certain traces explain system-level attacks, i.e. plausible attacks that are realizable...

  14. Providing semantic interoperability between clinical care and clinical research domains.

    Laleci, Gokce Banu; Yuksel, Mustafa; Dogac, Asuman

    2013-03-01

    Improving the efficiency with which clinical research studies are conducted can lead to faster medication innovation and decreased time to market for new drugs. To increase this efficiency, the parties involved in a regulated clinical research study, namely, the sponsor, the clinical investigator and the regulatory body, each with their own software applications, need to exchange data seamlessly. However, currently, the clinical research and the clinical care domains are quite disconnected because each use different standards and terminology systems. In this article, we describe an initial implementation of the Semantic Framework developed within the scope of SALUS project to achieve interoperability between the clinical research and the clinical care domains. In our Semantic Framework, the core ontology developed for semantic mediation is based on the shared conceptual model of both of these domains provided by the BRIDG initiative. The core ontology is then aligned with the extracted semantic models of the existing clinical care and research standards as well as with the ontological representations of the terminology systems to create a model of meaning for enabling semantic mediation. Although SALUS is a research and development effort rather than a product, the current SALUS knowledge base contains around 4.7 million triples representing BRIDG DAM, HL7 CDA model, CDISC standards and several terminology ontologies. In order to keep the reasoning process within acceptable limits without sacrificing the quality of mediation, we took an engineering approach by developing a number of heuristic mechanisms. The results indicate that it is possible to build a robust and scalable semantic framework with a solid theoretical foundation for achieving interoperability between the clinical research and clinical care domains. PMID:23008263

  15. Towards the Semantic E-Government

    Robert BUCHMANN

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available E-government is quite a late achievement of the information society, although in theory, it could have been the first application of the Internet, since Internet itself started as a governmental project. Many factors have been delaying the implementation of e-government, the most important ones being the digital divide, the privacy and security concerns and the availability of common data models on a national and international scale. Since its implementation comes much later than other on-line organizational models (e-business, social networks etc., e-government also lags technologically. In Romania, but not only, e-government and public administration applications are data-driven rather than knowledge-driven, since databases are quite popular and robust as a standard model for storing the information behind traditional Web applications. On the other hand, the World Wide Web authorities invest a great deal of effort in raising the awareness of the so-called “knowledge society”, defining formalizations for knowledge-aware applications. The paper discusses the threshold between data and knowledge, the implications of the knowledge society on e-government and public administration, and proposes a knowledge generation methodology based on existing data-driven systems

  16. Importance of achieving semantic interoperability for national health information systems

    Evelyn Johanna Sophia Hovenga

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se examina de manera general las relaciones entre los dirigentes gubernamentales de las políticas de salud, de los proveedores de cuidado en salud y la adopción de las informaciones de cuidado en salud, así como de las tecnologías de comunicación y conocimiento. Esas tecnologías incluyen la adopción de estructuras de lenguaje nacional de salud y los patrones de informática en salud. Reflexiones esas que están basadas en las observaciones de los autores y en la participación internacional en el desarrollo de los patrones y en el desarrollo e implantación durante muchos años de las Tecnologías de Información y Comunicación Guvernamentales. Un considerable número de conceptos críticos parece ser mal comprendido por los responsables por la tomada de desiciones claves o, alternativamente, por las agendas políticas y por la necesidad de cuidar de una variedad de intereses propios que continuan dominando. Se concluye que nosotros debemos establecer y promover activamente un sólido ejemplo profesional para la adopción de una estrategia nacional de informática en salud que esté basada en la mejor evidencia científica disponible para apoyar un sistema de salud sustentable.

  17. The total laboratory solution: a new laboratory E-business model based on a vertical laboratory meta-network.

    Friedman, B A

    2001-08-01

    Major forces are now reshaping all businesses on a global basis, including the healthcare and clinical laboratory industries. One of the major forces at work is information technology (IT), which now provides the opportunity to create a new economic and business model for the clinical laboratory industry based on the creation of an integrated vertical meta-network, referred to here as the "total laboratory solution" (TLS). Participants at the most basic level of such a network would include a hospital-based laboratory, a reference laboratory, a laboratory information system/application service provider/laboratory portal vendor, an in vitro diagnostic manufacturer, and a pharmaceutical/biotechnology manufacturer. It is suggested that each of these participants would add value to the network primarily in its area of core competency. Subvariants of such a network have evolved over recent years, but a TLS comprising all or most of these participants does not exist at this time. Although the TLS, enabled by IT and closely akin to the various e-businesses that are now taking shape, offers many advantages from a theoretical perspective over the current laboratory business model, its success will depend largely on (a) market forces, (b) how the collaborative networks are organized and managed, and (c) whether the network can offer healthcare organizations higher quality testing services at lower cost. If the concept is successful, new demands will be placed on hospital-based laboratory professionals to shift the range of professional services that they offer toward clinical consulting, integration of laboratory information from multiple sources, and laboratory information management. These information management and integration tasks can only increase in complexity in the future as new genomic and proteomics testing modalities are developed and come on-line in clinical laboratories. PMID:11468263

  18. Web Image Re-Ranking UsingQuery-Specific Semantic Signatures.

    Wang, Xiaogang; Qiu, Shi; Liu, Ke; Tang, Xiaoou

    2014-04-01

    Image re-ranking, as an effective way to improve the results of web-based image search, has been adopted by current commercial search engines such as Bing and Google. Given a query keyword, a pool of images are first retrieved based on textual information. By asking the user to select a query image from the pool, the remaining images are re-ranked based on their visual similarities with the query image. A major challenge is that the similarities of visual features do not well correlate with images' semantic meanings which interpret users' search intention. Recently people proposed to match images in a semantic space which used attributes or reference classes closely related to the semantic meanings of images as basis. However, learning a universal visual semantic space to characterize highly diverse images from the web is difficult and inefficient. In this paper, we propose a novel image re-ranking framework, which automatically offline learns different semantic spaces for different query keywords. The visual features of images are projected into their related semantic spaces to get semantic signatures. At the online stage, images are re-ranked by comparing their semantic signatures obtained from the semantic space specified by the query keyword. The proposed query-specific semantic signatures significantly improve both the accuracy and efficiency of image re-ranking. The original visual features of thousands of dimensions can be projected to the semantic signatures as short as 25 dimensions. Experimental results show that 25-40 percent relative improvement has been achieved on re-ranking precisions compared with the state-of-the-art methods. PMID:26353202

  19. Process-oriented semantic web search

    Tran, DT

    2011-01-01

    The book is composed of two main parts. The first part is a general study of Semantic Web Search. The second part specifically focuses on the use of semantics throughout the search process, compiling a big picture of Process-oriented Semantic Web Search from different pieces of work that target specific aspects of the process.In particular, this book provides a rigorous account of the concepts and technologies proposed for searching resources and semantic data on the Semantic Web. To collate the various approaches and to better understand what the notion of Semantic Web Search entails, this bo

  20. System Model Semantics of Class Diagrams

    Cengarle, Maria Victoria; Grönninger, Hans; Rumpe, Bernhard

    2014-01-01

    Defining semantics for UML is a difficult task. Disagreements in the meaning of UML constructs as well as the size of UML are major obstacles. In this report, we describe our approach to define the semantics for UML. Semantics is defined denotationally as a mapping into our semantics domain called the system model [4, 5, 6]. We demonstrate our approach by defining the semantics for a comprehensive version of class diagrams. The semantics definition is detailed for UML/P class diagrams, a vari...

  1. Scandinavian Semantics and the Human Body

    Levisen, Carsten

    2015-01-01

    empirical evidence from the Evolution of Semantic Systems (EoSS) project. This combination of empirical and interpretative tools helps to integrate evidence from semantics and semiotics, pinning out in great detail the intricacies of the meanings of particular body words. The paper concludes that body words...... in closely related languages can differ substantially in their semantics. In related languages, where shared lexical form does not always mean shared semantics, ethnolinguistic studies in semantic change and shifts in polysemy patterns can help to reveal and explain the roots of semantic diversity....

  2. A Semantic Matchmaker for Ranking Web Services

    Bin Xu; Po Zhang; Juan-Zi Li; Wen-Jun Yang

    2006-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the matchmaker for ranking web services by using semantics. So far several methods of semantic matchmaker have been proposed. Most of them, however, focus on classifying the services into predefined categories rather than providing a ranking result. In this paper, a new method of semantic matchmaker is proposed for ranking web services. It is proposed to use the semantic distance for estimating the matching degree between a service and a user request. Four types of semantic distances are defined and four algorithms are implemented respectively to calculate them. Experimental results show that the proposed semantic matchmaker significantly outperforms the keywordbased baseline method.

  3. Service composition for the semantic web

    Medjahed, Brahim

    2011-01-01

    Service Composition for the Semantic Web presents an in-depth analysis of aspects related to semantic-enabled Web service modeling and composition. It also covers challenges and solutions to composing Web services on the semantic Web, and proposing a semantic framework for organizing and describing Web services. Service Composition for the Semantic Web describes composability and matching models to check whether semantic Web services can be combined together to avoid unexpected failures at run time, and a set of algorithms that automatically generate detailed descriptions of composite services

  4. Adoção de E-Business e mudanças no modelo de negócio: inovação organizacional em pequenas empresas dos setores de comércio e serviços E-Business adoption and business model changes: organizational innovation in small businesses in the trade and service sectors

    Jose Braz de Araujo; Silvia Novaes Zilber

    2013-01-01

    As pequenas empresas constituem um segmento relevante da economia brasileira, pois representam 98% das empresas e empregam 67% da mão de obra economicamente ativa, sendo responsáveis por somente 20% do PIB do País (SEBRAE, 2005). Isto mostra que a produtividade dessas empresas é relativamente pequena, podendo melhorar com a adoção de práticas organizacionais que aumentem o seu desempenho, entre elas, o e-business. Para que o e-business promova a melhoria de desempenho nessas empresas, é neces...

  5. Web-of-Objects Based User-Centric Semantic Service Composition Methodology in the Internet of Things

    Safina Showkat Ara; Zia Ush Shamszaman; Ilyoung Chong

    2014-01-01

    The general goal of the Web-of-Objects (WoO) is to simplify object and application deployment, maintenance, and operation of IoT infrastructures. WoO also aim to provide user-centric IoT service by enabling object virtualization and semantic ontology based service composition. In WoO, semantic modeling of objects plays a distinguished role in achieving interoperability of device and service through semantic ontology model. In this paper, we propose a semantic functional module for user centri...

  6. Analysis of the level of knowledge and interest in the subject of e-business among students of the Higher State Vocational School in Tarnów

    Daniel Pokrzyk

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article refers to the commonly used concept of e-business. Describes the following terms: e-commers, B2B and B2C. The main purpose of writing was to show the relevance of business enterprise on the web. To confirm this we used the results of a survey conducted among the students of PWSZ in Tarnów. The survey provided information about the student’s knowledge of internet business. The results of the survey confirmed the validity of the preparation and organization of a conference under the title of “eBusiness Camp” and also we encountered topics on which students would like to expand their knowledge.

  7. Accelerating cancer systems biology research through Semantic Web technology.

    Wang, Zhihui; Sagotsky, Jonathan; Taylor, Thomas; Shironoshita, Patrick; Deisboeck, Thomas S

    2013-01-01

    Cancer systems biology is an interdisciplinary, rapidly expanding research field in which collaborations are a critical means to advance the field. Yet the prevalent database technologies often isolate data rather than making it easily accessible. The Semantic Web has the potential to help facilitate web-based collaborative cancer research by presenting data in a manner that is self-descriptive, human and machine readable, and easily sharable. We have created a semantically linked online Digital Model Repository (DMR) for storing, managing, executing, annotating, and sharing computational cancer models. Within the DMR, distributed, multidisciplinary, and inter-organizational teams can collaborate on projects, without forfeiting intellectual property. This is achieved by the introduction of a new stakeholder to the collaboration workflow, the institutional licensing officer, part of the Technology Transfer Office. Furthermore, the DMR has achieved silver level compatibility with the National Cancer Institute's caBIG, so users can interact with the DMR not only through a web browser but also through a semantically annotated and secure web service. We also discuss the technology behind the DMR leveraging the Semantic Web, ontologies, and grid computing to provide secure inter-institutional collaboration on cancer modeling projects, online grid-based execution of shared models, and the collaboration workflow protecting researchers' intellectual property. PMID:23188758

  8. Qualitative Factors as Determinants of Continued Success:An Examination of eBusiness Entrepreneurial Firms Using the NewVenture Template

    Ervin L. Black; Burton, F. Greg; Johnson, Peter M.

    2009-01-01

    In this study, we analyze eBusiness entrepreneurs nominated by the Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year Award program to ascertain whether qualitative factors are correlated with success. We find qualitative factors are incrementally informative above and beyond the information provided by quantitative factors. More specifically, firms that are able to maintain their innovative strategies by improving upon the product (or service) they offer and are able to meet the long-term needs of the c...

  9. Web Feature Service Semantic Mediation

    Hobona, G.; Bermudez, L. E.; Brackin, R.; Percivall, G. S.

    2012-12-01

    Scientists from different organizations and disciplines need to work together to find the solutions to complex problems. Multi-disciplinary science typically involves users with specialized tools and their own preferred view of the data including unique characteristics of the user's information model and symbology. Even though organizations use web services to expose data, there are still semantic inconsistencies that need to be solved. Recent activities within the OGC Interoperability Program (IP) have helped advance semantic mediation solutions when using OGC services to help solve complex problems. The OGC standards development process is influenced by the feedback of activities within the Interoperability Program, which conducts international interoperability initiatives such as Testbeds, Pilot Projects, Interoperability Experiments, and Interoperability Support Services. These activities are designed to encourage rapid development, testing, validation, demonstration and adoption of open, consensus based standards and best practices. Two recent Testbeds, the OGC Web Services Phase 8 and Phase 9, have advanced the use of semantic mediation approaches to increase semantic interoperability among geospatial communities. The Cross-Community Interoperability (CCI) thread within these two testbeds, advanced semantic mediation approaches for data discovery, access and use of heterogeneous data models and heterogeneous metadata models. This presentation will provide an overview of the interoperability program, the CCI Thread and will explain the methodology to mediate heterogeneous GML Application Profiles served via WFS, including discovery of services via a catalog standard interface and mediating symbology applicable to each application profile.

  10. The Confirmation of Business Income under E-business Environment%电子商务环境下企业收入的确认

    蔡秋霜; 汪水盘

    2014-01-01

    目前,电子商务已经与国民经济深度融合,涉及制造业、零售业、服务业、金融业等各个行业。在电子商务日益繁荣的今天,企业会计准则并没有针对电子商务环境下企业收入的确认进行规定,因此,笔者认为对在电子商务环境下企业收入确认开展研究是有必要的。%At present, e-business, involving such industries as manufacture, retail, service and finance, has been deeply integrated with national economy. As e-business enjoys a profound development today, accounting principle hasn't made any rules regarding the confirmation of business income under e-business environment, therefore, the authors think it necessarry to do the research in this regard.

  11. The Confirmation of Business Income under E-business Environment%电子商务环境下企业收入的确认

    蔡秋霜; 汪水盘

    2014-01-01

    At present, e-business, involving such industries as manufacture, retail, service and finance, has been deeply integrated with national economy. As e-business enjoys a profound development today, accounting principle hasn't made any rules regarding the confirmation of business income under e-business environment, therefore, the authors think it necessarry to do the research in this regard.%目前,电子商务已经与国民经济深度融合,涉及制造业、零售业、服务业、金融业等各个行业。在电子商务日益繁荣的今天,企业会计准则并没有针对电子商务环境下企业收入的确认进行规定,因此,笔者认为对在电子商务环境下企业收入确认开展研究是有必要的。

  12. An Efficient Inductive Unsupervised Semantic Tagger

    Lua, K T

    1996-01-01

    We report our development of a simple but fast and efficient inductive unsupervised semantic tagger for Chinese words. A POS hand-tagged corpus of 348,000 words is used. The corpus is being tagged in two steps. First, possible semantic tags are selected from a semantic dictionary(Tong Yi Ci Ci Lin), the POS and the conditional probability of semantic from POS, i.e., P(S|P). The final semantic tag is then assigned by considering the semantic tags before and after the current word and the semantic-word conditional probability P(S|W) derived from the first step. Semantic bigram probabilities P(S|S) are used in the second step. Final manual checking shows that this simple but efficient algorithm has a hit rate of 91%. The tagger tags 142 words per second, using a 120 MHz Pentium running FOXPRO. It runs about 2.3 times faster than a Viterbi tagger.

  13. Modeling Computations in a Semantic Network

    Rodriguez, Marko A

    2007-01-01

    Semantic network research has seen a resurgence from its early history in the cognitive sciences with the inception of the Semantic Web initiative. The Semantic Web effort has brought forth an array of technologies that support the encoding, storage, and querying of the semantic network data structure at the world stage. Currently, the popular conception of the Semantic Web is that of a data modeling medium where real and conceptual entities are related in semantically meaningful ways. However, new models have emerged that explicitly encode procedural information within the semantic network substrate. With these new technologies, the Semantic Web has evolved from a data modeling medium to a computational medium. This article provides a classification of existing computational modeling efforts and the requirements of supporting technologies that will aid in the further growth of this burgeoning domain.

  14. Formal Language Decomposition into Semantic Primes

    Johannes FÄHNDRICH

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes an algorithm for semantic decomposition. For that we surveys languages used to enrich contextual information with semantic descriptions. Such descriptions can be e.g. applied to enable reasoning when collecting vast amounts of information. In particular, we focus on the elements of the languages that make up their semantic. To do so, we compare the expressiveness of the well-known languages OWL, PDDL and MOF with a theory from linguistic called the Natural Semantic Metalanguage. We then analyze how the semantic of the language is build up and describe how semantic decomposition based on the semantic primes can be used for a so called mental lexicon. This mental lexicon can be used to reason upon semantic service description in the research domain of service match making.

  15. Performance Based Novel Techniques for Semantic Web Mining

    Mahendra Thakur

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The explosive growth in the size and use of the World Wide Web continuously creates new great challenges and needs. The need for predicting the users preferences in order to expedite and improve the browsing though a site can be achieved through personalizing of the websites. Most of the research efforts in web personalization correspond to the evolution of extensive research in web usage mining, i.e. the exploitation of the navigational patterns of the web site visitors. When a personalization system relies solely on usage-based results, however, valuable information conceptually related to what is finally recommended may be missed. Moreover, the structural properties of the web site are often disregarded. In this paper, we propose novel techniques that use the content semantics and the structural properties of a web site in order to improve the effectiveness of web personalization. In the first part of our work we present standing for Semantic Web Personalization, a personalization system that integrates usage data with content semantics, expressed in ontology terms, in order to compute semantically enhanced navigational patterns and effectively generate useful recommendations. To the best of our knowledge, our proposed technique is the only semantic web personalization system that may be used by non-semantic web sites. In the second part of our work, we present a novel approach for enhancing the quality of recommendations based on the underlying structure of a web site. We introduce UPR (Usage-based PageRank, a PageRank-style algorithm that relies on the recorded usage data and link analysis techniques. Overall, we demonstrate that our proposed hybrid personalization framework results in more objective and representative predictions than existing techniques.

  16. Agency and the semantic web

    Walton, Christopher

    2006-01-01

    This text looks at the construction of the Semantic Web, which will enable computers to automatically and independently consume Web-based information. With numerous programming examples, it is ideal for undergraduates and graduates in mathematics, computer science and logic and researchers interested in Multi-Agent Systems and the Semantic Web. - ;This highly topical text considers the construction of the next generation of the Web, called the Semantic Web. This will enable computers to automatically consume Web-based information, overcoming the human-centric focus of the Web as it stands at present, and expediting the construction of a whole new class of knowledge-based applications that will intelligently utilise Web content. The text is structured into three main sections on knowledge representation techniques, reasoning with multi-agent systems, and knowledge services. For each of these topics, the text provides an overview of the state-of-the-art techniques and the popular standards that have been define...

  17. Are Some Semantic Changes Predictable?

    Schousboe, Steen

    2010-01-01

      Historical linguistics is traditionally concerned with phonology and syntax. With the exception of grammaticalization - the development of auxiliary verbs, the syntactic rather than localistic use of prepositions, etc. - semantic change has usually not been described as a result of regular deve...... developments, but only as specific meaning changes in individual words. This paper will suggest some regularities in semantic change, regularities which, like sound laws, have predictive power and can be tested against recorded languages.......  Historical linguistics is traditionally concerned with phonology and syntax. With the exception of grammaticalization - the development of auxiliary verbs, the syntactic rather than localistic use of prepositions, etc. - semantic change has usually not been described as a result of regular...

  18. Operational Semantics for Lazy Evaluation

    Mahmoud A. AbouGhaly

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available An operational semantics for lazy evaluation of a calculus without higher order functions was defined. Although it optimizes many aspects of implementation, e.g. there is a sharing in the recursive computation, there is no α conversion, the heap is automatically reclaimed, and an attempt to evaluate an argument is done at most once. It is still suitable for reasoning about program behavior and proofs of program correctness; this is primarily due to the definition via inferences and axioms which allows for proofs by induction on the height of the proof tree. We also proved the correctness of this operational semantics by showing that it is equivalent with respect to the values calculated to the operational semantics of LAZY-PCF+SHAR due to S. Purushothaman Iyer and Jill Seaman.

  19. Compiling Dictionaries Using Semantic Domains*

    Ronald Moe

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Abstract: The task of providing dictionaries for all the world's languages is prodigious, re-quiring efficient techniques. The text corpus method cannot be used for minority languages lacking texts. To meet the need, the author has constructed a list of 1 600 semantic domains, which he has successfully used to collect words. In a workshop setting, a group of speakers can collect as many as 17 000 words in ten days. This method results in a classified word list that can be efficiently expanded into a full dictionary. The method works because the mental lexicon is a giant web or-ganized around key concepts. A semantic domain can be defined as an important concept together with the words directly related to it by lexical relations. A person can utilize the mental web to quickly jump from word to word within a domain. The author is developing a template for each domain to aid in collecting words and in de-scribing their semantics. Investigating semantics within the context of a domain yields many in-sights. The method permits the production of both alphabetically and semantically organized dic-tionaries. The list of domains is intended to be universal in scope and applicability. Perhaps due to universals of human experience and universals of linguistic competence, there are striking simi-larities in various lists of semantic domains developed for languages around the world. Using a standardized list of domains to classify multiple dictionaries opens up possibilities for cross-lin-guistic research into semantic and lexical universals.

    Keywords: SEMANTIC DOMAINS, SEMANTIC FIELDS, SEMANTIC CATEGORIES, LEX-ICAL RELATIONS, SEMANTIC PRIMITIVES, DOMAIN TEMPLATES, MENTAL LEXICON, SEMANTIC UNIVERSALS, MINORITY LANGUAGES, LEXICOGRAPHY

    Opsomming: Samestelling van woordeboeke deur gebruikmaking van se-mantiese domeine. Die taak van die voorsiening van woordeboeke aan al die tale van die wêreld is geweldig en vereis doeltreffende tegnieke. Die

  20. Proceedings Seventh Workshop on Structural Operational Semantics

    Aceto, Luca; 10.4204/EPTCS.32

    2010-01-01

    Structural operational semantics (SOS) is a technique for defining operational semantics for programming and specification languages. Because of its intuitive appeal and flexibility, SOS has found considerable application in the study of the semantics of concurrent processes. It is also a viable alternative to denotational semantics in the static analysis of programs and in proving compiler correctness. Recently it has been applied in emerging areas such as probabilistic systems and systems biology.

  1. Concept Search: Semantics Enabled Information Retrieval

    Giunchiglia, Fausto; Kharkevich, Uladzimir; Zaihrayeu, Ilya

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we present a novel approach, called Concept Search, which extends syntactic search, i.e., search based on the computation of string similarity between words, with semantic search, i.e., search based on the computation of semantic relations between concepts. The key idea of Concept Search is to operate on complex concepts and to maximally exploit the semantic information available, reducing to syntactic search only when necessary, i.e., when no semantic information is available. ...

  2. Towards the Semantic Web Expert System

    Verhodubs, O; Grundspeņķis, J

    2011-01-01

    The paper presents a conception of the Semantic Web Expert System which is the logical continuation of the expert system development. The Semantic Web Expert System emerges as the result of evolution of expert system concept and it means expert system moving toward the Web and using new Semantic Web technologies. The proposed conception of the Semantic Web Expert System promises to have new useful features that distinguish it from other types of expert systems

  3. The semantic web: research and applications

    Gómez Pérez, Asunción; Euzenat, Jérôme

    2005-01-01

    This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second European Semantic Web Conference, ESWC 2005, heldin Heraklion, Crete, Greece in May/June 2005. The 48 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 148 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on semantic Web services, languages, ontologies, reasoning and querying, search and information retrieval, user and communities, natural language for the semantic Web, annotation tools, and semantic W...

  4. SomeRDFS in the Semantic Web

    Adjiman, Philippe; Goasdoué, François; Rousset, Marie-Christine

    2006-01-01

    The Semantic Web envisions a world-wide distributed architecture where computational resources will easily inter-operate to coordinate complex tasks such as query answering. Semantic marking up of web resources using ontologies is expected to provide the necessary glue for making this vision work. Using ontology languages, (communities of) users will build their own ontologies in order to describe their own data. Adding semantic mappings between those ontologies, in order to semantically rela...

  5. SEMANTIC WEB MINING FOR INTELLIGENT WEB PERSONALIZATION

    Anil Sharma

    2011-01-01

    Semantic Web Mining is the outcome of two new and fast developing domains: Semantic Web and Data Mining. The Semantic Web is an extension of the current web in which information is given well-defined meaning, better enabling computers and people to work in cooperation. Data Mining is the nontrivial process of identifying valid, previously unknown, potentially useful patterns in data. Semantic Web Mining refers to the application of data mining techniques to extract knowledge from World Wide W...

  6. Comparison and Evaluation of Semantic Search Engines

    Raheleh Dorri

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we evaluate the performance of five semantic search engines that are available on the web, using 45 criteria, in the form of a researcher-made checklist. Criteria provided in the checklist included both common and semantic features. Common criteria or features are those applicable to all search engines and semantic ones are those only applicable to semantic search engines. Findings show that the selected search engines do not have suitable performance and expected efficiency. D...

  7. A generalized notion of semantic independence

    Fränzle, Martin; Stengel, Bernhard von; Wittmüss, Arne

    1995-01-01

    For programs represented semantically as relations, a concept of semantic independence is defined that is more general than previously stated notions. It allows for shared input variables and irrelevant interference due to nondeterminism.......For programs represented semantically as relations, a concept of semantic independence is defined that is more general than previously stated notions. It allows for shared input variables and irrelevant interference due to nondeterminism....

  8. SEMANTIC WEB MINING: ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

    Karan Singh*, Anil kumar, Arun Kumar Yadav

    2016-01-01

    The combination of the two fast evolving scientific research areas “Semantic Web” and “Web Mining” are well-known as “Semantic Web Mining” in computer science. These two areas cover way for the mining of related and meaningful information from the web, by this means giving growth to the term “Semantic Web Mining”. The “Semantic Web” makes mining easy and “Web Mining” can construct new structure of Web. Web Mining applies ...

  9. Applying Semantic Reasoning in Image Retrieval

    Boer, M.H.T. de; Daniele, L.M.; Brandt, P.; Sappelli, M.

    2015-01-01

    Abstract—With the growth of open sensor networks, multiple applications in different domains make use of a large amount of sensor data, resulting in an emerging need to search semantically over heterogeneous datasets. In semantic search, an important challenge consists of bridging the semantic gap b

  10. Experiences from semantic web service tutorials

    Stollberg, Michael; Moran, Matthew; Cabral, Liliana; NORTON, Barry; Domingue, John

    2006-01-01

    We have given around 20 tutorials on Semantic Web Services in international events during the last two years. This position paper presents our experiences and depicts central aspects relevant for education, dissemination and exploitation of Semantic Web and Semantic Web service technologies in academia and industry.

  11. Web to Semantic Web & Role of Ontology

    Ahmed, Zeeshan

    2010-01-01

    In this research paper we are briefly presenting current major web problems and introducing semantic web technologies with the claim of solving existing web's problems. Furthermore we are describing Ontology as the main building block of semantic web and focusing on its contributions to semantic web progress and current limitations.

  12. Semantic Web Technologies for Digital Libraries

    Rajab Abd al-Hamed

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available An article about the semantic web, it begins with defining the semantic web and its importance, then talks about the ontology relations, then the role of the semantic web in digital libraries, and its features which will serve digital libraries.

  13. Studying of Semantic Similarity Methods in Ontology

    Vahideh Reshadat

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Humans are able to easily judge if a pair of concepts are related in some way. Understanding of how humans are able to perform this task is not easy. Semantic similarity denotes computing the similarity between concepts, having the same meaning or related information, which are not necessarily lexically similar. Semantic similarity between concepts plays an important role in Semantic Web, knowledge sharing, Web mining, semantic sense understanding and text summarization. This also is an important problem in Natural Language Processing and Information Retrieval Researches. These techniques are becoming important components of most of the Information Retrieval (IR, Information Extraction (IE and other intelligent knowledge based systems. Therefore it has received considerable attention in the literature. Ontology has a good hierarchical structure of concepts. In the ontology, semantic information can be realized through the semantic relationship of concepts. Ontology-based semantic similarity techniques can estimate the semantic similarity between two hierarchically expressed concepts in a given ontology or taxonomy. Semantic similarity is usually computed by mapping concepts to ontology and by examining their relationships in it. The most popular semantic similarity methods are implemented and evaluated using WordNet and MeSH. Several algorithmic approaches for computing semantic similarity have been proposed. This paper discusses the various approaches used for identifying semantically similar concepts in ontology.

  14. Semantics as Based on Inference

    Peregrin, Jaroslav

    Dordrecht: Springer, 2006 - (van Benthem, J.; Heinzmann, G.; Rebuschi, M.; Visser, H.), s. 25-36. (Logic, Epistemology , and the Unity of Science. 3). ISBN 1-4020-5011-9. [Philosophical Insights into Logic and Mathematics: The History and Outcome of Alternative Semantics and Syntax. Nancy (FR), 30.09.2002-04.10.2002] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR(CZ) IAA0009001 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90090514 Keywords : formal semantics * inferentialism * logical calculi Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  15. Linguistic Extraction for Semantic Annotation

    Dědek, J.; Vojtáš, Peter

    Berlin: Springer, 2008 - (Badica, C.; Mangioni, G.; Carchiolo, V.; Burdescu, D.), s. 85-94. (Studies in Computational Intelligence. 162). ISBN 978-3-540-85256-8. [IDC 2008. International Symposium on Intelligent and Distributed Computing /2./. Catania (IT), 18.09.2008-19.09.2008] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR 1ET100300517; GA AV ČR 1ET100300419 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : semantic information extraction * linguistics * semantic computing * aggregation Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science

  16. SEMANTIC TRANSFERS: CRITERIA FOR CLASSIFICATION

    Moskvin, V.P.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available There is represented the general classification of semantic transfers. As the research has shown, transfers can be systematized based on four parameters: 1 the type of associations lying on their basis: similarity, contiguity and contrast, the associations by similarity and contrast being regarded as the basis for taxonomic transfers (from genus to species, from species to genus, from species to species, etc.; 2 the functional parameter: functionally relevant and irrelevant; 3 the sphere of action: transfer applies both to lexical and grammatical semantics; 4 the degree of ex-pressiveness: thus, the metonymic associations are more predictable than the metaphoric ones.

  17. Semantic Presupposition in Advertisement Language

    王芸芸

    2008-01-01

    Presupposition is. a very important linguistic concept that originates from philosophy. It is often considered as a kind of pragmatic inference. In linguistics it can be classified as semantic presupposition and Pragmatic presupposition. This article will deals with semantic presupposition. Besides the most important characteristics constancy under negation, presupposition boasts some other characteristics, namely unidirectionality, subjectiveness and latency, which exactly fulfill the demands of advertising. Because presupposition, used in advertising, can not possible risk caused by ostentation or direct assertion. On this account, presupposition is adopted into advertising as a pragmatic strategy.

  18. Being in the Internet - more than just being ''cool''? e-business and its strategic importance in the utility and energy services industry; Praesenz im Internet - mehr als eine Imagefrage? Die strategische Bedeutung des e-business fuer die Versorgungs- und Energiewirtschaft

    Greisinger, T.W. [IBM Global Utility and Energy Services Industry, Oak Brook, IL (United States); Moehl, W. [IBM Deutschland, Mainz (Germany). Vertriebsbereich Versorgungsunternehmen

    2000-04-03

    The Internet and related technologies belong into the daily life of supply and energy industry especially in the business to business sector. But the installation of a colourful homepage is not enough if one wants to remain competitive in the deregulated markets. The strategic implementation of e-business not only in relation to customers but also to optimisation of internal processes is a major success factor. The present article sheds light into these aspects and shows which enterprises especially in the USA have made e-business become a reality. (orig.) [German] Das Internet und verwandte Technologien gehoeren auch in der Versorgungs- und Energiewirtschaft laengst zum Alltag, vor allem im Geschaeftskundenbereich. Mit der Einrichtung einer bunten Homepage ist aber es laengst nicht mehr getan, will man in den deregulierten Maerkten wettbewerbsfaehig bleiben. Der strategische Einsatz von e-business zur Verbesserung von Kundenbeziehungen, aber auch zur Optimierung interner Prozesse ist vielmehr ein entscheidender Erfolgsfaktor geworden. Die Verfasser erlaeutern diese Gesichtspunkte und zeigen auf, welche Unternehmen vor allem in den USA bereits e-business zur Realitaet gemacht haben. (orig.)

  19. Using multi-categorization semantic analysis and personalization for semantic search

    Ma, Yinglong; Shi, Moyi

    2014-01-01

    Semantic search technology has received more attention in the last years. Compared with the keyword based search, semantic search is used to excavate the latent semantics information and help users find the information items that they want indeed. In this paper, we present a novel approach for semantic search which combines Multi-Categorization Semantic Analysis with personalization technology. The MCSA approach can classify documents into multiple categories, which is distinct from the exist...

  20. Evaluating semantic relations by exploring ontologies on the Semantic Web

    Sabou, Marta; Fernandez, Miriam; Motta, Enrico

    2009-01-01

    We investigate the problem of evaluating the correctness of a semantic relation and propose two methods which explore the increasing number of online ontologies as a source of evidence for predicting correctness. We obtain encouraging results, with some of our measures reaching average precision values of 75%.