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Sample records for achieving behavioral regularity

  1. Regularity and irreversibility of weekly travel behavior

    R. Kitamura; A.I.J.M. van der Hoorn

    1987-01-01

    Dynamic characteristics of travel behavior are analyzed in this paper using weekly travel diaries from two waves of panel surveys conducted six months apart. An analysis of activity engagement indicates the presence of significant regularity in weekly activity participation between the two waves. Th

  2. Black hole mimickers: Regular versus singular behavior

    Black hole mimickers are possible alternatives to black holes; they would look observationally almost like black holes but would have no horizon. The properties in the near-horizon region where gravity is strong can be quite different for both types of objects, but at infinity it could be difficult to discern black holes from their mimickers. To disentangle this possible confusion, we examine the near-horizon properties, and their connection with far away asymptotic properties, of some candidates to black mimickers. We study spherically symmetric uncharged or charged but nonextremal objects, as well as spherically symmetric charged extremal objects. Within the uncharged or charged but nonextremal black hole mimickers, we study nonextremal ε-wormholes on the threshold of the formation of an event horizon, of which a subclass are called black foils, and gravastars. Within the charged extremal black hole mimickers we study extremal ε-wormholes on the threshold of the formation of an event horizon, quasi-black holes, and wormholes on the basis of quasi-black holes from Bonnor stars. We elucidate whether or not the objects belonging to these two classes remain regular in the near-horizon limit. The requirement of full regularity, i.e., finite curvature and absence of naked behavior, up to an arbitrary neighborhood of the gravitational radius of the object enables one to rule out potential mimickers in most of the cases. A list ranking the best black hole mimickers up to the worst, both nonextremal and extremal, is as follows: wormholes on the basis of extremal black holes or on the basis of quasi-black holes, quasi-black holes, wormholes on the basis of nonextremal black holes (black foils), and gravastars. Since in observational astrophysics it is difficult to find extremal configurations (the best mimickers in the ranking), whereas nonextremal configurations are really bad mimickers, the task of distinguishing black holes from their mimickers seems to be less

  3. The Regular Education Initiative: Patent Medicine for Behavioral Disorders.

    Braaten, Sheldon; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Implications of the regular education initiative for behaviorally disordered students are examined in the context of integration and right to treatment. These students are underserved, often cannot be appropriately served in regular classrooms, are not welcomed by most regular classroom teachers, and have treatment rights the initiative does not…

  4. Scaling behavior of regularized bosonic strings

    Ambjørn, J.; Makeenko, Y.

    2016-03-01

    We implement a proper-time UV regularization of the Nambu-Goto string, introducing an independent metric tensor and the corresponding Lagrange multiplier, and treating them in the mean-field approximation justified for long strings and/or when the dimension of space-time is large. We compute the regularized determinant of the 2D Laplacian for the closed string winding around a compact dimension, obtaining in this way the effective action, whose minimization determines the energy of the string ground state in the mean-field approximation. We discuss the existence of two scaling limits when the cutoff is taken to infinity. One scaling limit reproduces the results obtained by the hypercubic regularization of the Nambu-Goto string as well as by the use of the dynamical triangulation regularization of the Polyakov string. The other scaling limit reproduces the results obtained by canonical quantization of the Nambu-Goto string.

  5. Patterns of Buyer Behavior: Regularities, Models, and Extensions

    Mark Uncles; Andrew Ehrenberg; Kathy Hammond

    1995-01-01

    Many empirical regularities in the buying behavior of consumers have been linked together into a comprehensive model, the Dirichlet. In this paper we list some of the well-established regularities, show how they are theoretically intertwined, and illustrate how this approach to modeling can assist the marketing analyst.

  6. Regular and stochastic behavior of Parkinsonian pathological tremor signals

    Yulmetyev, R M; Panischev, O Y; Hänggi, P; Timashev, S F; Vstovsky, G V; Yulmetyev, Renat M.; Demin, Sergey A.; Panischev, Oleg Yu.; H\\"anggi, Peter; Timashev, Serge F.; Vstovsky, Grigoriy V.

    2006-01-01

    Regular and stochastic behavior in the time series of Parkinsonian pathological tremor velocity is studied on the basis of the statistical theory of discrete non-Markov stochastic processes and flicker-noise spectroscopy. We have developed a new method of analyzing and diagnosing Parkinson's disease (PD) by taking into consideration discreteness, fluctuations, long- and short-range correlations, regular and stochastic behavior, Markov and non-Markov effects and dynamic alternation of relaxation modes in the initial time signals. The spectrum of the statistical non-Markovity parameter reflects Markovity and non-Markovity in the initial time series of tremor. The relaxation and kinetic parameters used in the method allow us to estimate the relaxation scales of diverse scenarios of the time signals produced by the patient in various dynamic states. The local time behavior of the initial time correlation function and the first point of the non-Markovity parameter give detailed information about the variation of p...

  7. Predicting Academic Achievement from Classroom Behaviors

    Flynt, Cynthia J.

    2008-01-01

    PREDICTING ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT FROM CLASSROOM BEHAVIORS by Cynthia J. Flynt Nancy Bodenhorn & Kusum Singh, Co-Chairs Counselor Education (ABSTRACT) This study examined the influence of behaviors exhibited in the classroom on reading and math achievement in the first, third and eighth grades; and the influence of teacher perceptions on reading and math achievement of African-Americans versus White students and male versus female students. Lastly, the study examined te...

  8. Student prosocial behavior and academic achievement

    Spasenović Vera Z.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers correlation between student prosocial behavior and academic achievement. Attention first focuses on the issue of prosocial behavior defining, making it operational and measuring it. Next consideration is given to the ways that prosocial behavior contributes to academic achievement. It is thought that prosocial behavior can produce indirect effects on student prosocial behavior because it is bound to certain academically relevant forms of behavior leading to successful learning and work. Also, correlation is interpreted by means of teacher’s preferences of prosocial students, which is reflected in teacher expectations and behavior towards students but in evaluating their work too. In addition, prosocial behavior may produce direct effects, for it is through peer prosocial interactions that positive intellectual exchange is performed, which contributes to more successful mastering of teaching content. The paper provides a survey of investigations whose results indicate that there exists correlation between student prosocial behavior and academic achievement. Also, consideration is given to possible methods and treatments for encouraging prosocial behavior in school context, especially the role of teacher in the process and the importance of the program for promoting student prosocial skills.

  9. Human behavioral regularity, fractional Brownian motion, and exotic phase transition

    Li, Xiaohui; Yang, Guang; An, Kenan; Huang, Jiping

    2016-08-01

    The mix of competition and cooperation (C&C) is ubiquitous in human society, which, however, remains poorly explored due to the lack of a fundamental method. Here, by developing a Janus game for treating C&C between two sides (suppliers and consumers), we show, for the first time, experimental and simulation evidences for human behavioral regularity. This property is proved to be characterized by fractional Brownian motion associated with an exotic transition between periodic and nonperiodic phases. Furthermore, the periodic phase echoes with business cycles, which are well-known in reality but still far from being well understood. Our results imply that the Janus game could be a fundamental method for studying C&C among humans in society, and it provides guidance for predicting human behavioral activity from the perspective of fractional Brownian motion.

  10. Regular Deployment of Wireless Sensors to Achieve Connectivity and Information Coverage.

    Cheng, Wei; Li, Yong; Jiang, Yi; Yin, Xipeng

    2016-01-01

    Coverage and connectivity are two of the most critical research subjects in WSNs, while regular deterministic deployment is an important deployment strategy and results in some pattern-based lattice WSNs. Some studies of optimal regular deployment for generic values of rc/rs were shown recently. However, most of these deployments are subject to a disk sensing model, and cannot take advantage of data fusion. Meanwhile some other studies adapt detection techniques and data fusion to sensing coverage to enhance the deployment scheme. In this paper, we provide some results on optimal regular deployment patterns to achieve information coverage and connectivity as a variety of rc/rs, which are all based on data fusion by sensor collaboration, and propose a novel data fusion strategy for deployment patterns. At first the relation between variety of rc/rs and density of sensors needed to achieve information coverage and connectivity is derived in closed form for regular pattern-based lattice WSNs. Then a dual triangular pattern deployment based on our novel data fusion strategy is proposed, which can utilize collaborative data fusion more efficiently. The strip-based deployment is also extended to a new pattern to achieve information coverage and connectivity, and its characteristics are deduced in closed form. Some discussions and simulations are given to show the efficiency of all deployment patterns, including previous patterns and the proposed patterns, to help developers make more impactful WSN deployment decisions. PMID:27529246

  11. Home Media and Children's Achievement and Behavior

    Hofferth, Sandra L.

    2010-01-01

    This study provides a national picture of the time American 6- to 12-year-olds spent playing video games, using the computer, and watching TV at home in 1997 and 2003, and the association of early use with their achievement and behavior as adolescents. Girls benefited from computer use more than boys, and Black children benefited more than White…

  12. Improved Achievable Rates for Regularized Tomlinson-Harashima Precoding in Multiuser MIMO Downlink

    Hui, Bing; Chang, KyungHi

    2011-01-01

    Tomlinson-Harashima precoding (THP) is considered as a prominent precoding scheme due to its capability to efficiently cancel out the known interference at the transmitter side. Therefore, the information rates achieved by THP are superior to those achieved by conventional linear precoding schemes. In this paper, a new lower bound on the achievable information rate for the regularized THP scheme under additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel with multiuser interference is derived. Analytical results show that the lower bound derived in this paper is tighter than the original lower bound particularly for a low SNR range, while all lower bounds converge to 0.5xlog2(6SNR/{\\pi}e) as SNR approaches infinity.

  13. Dynamic behavior of offshore spar platforms under regular sea waves

    Agarwal, A.K.; Jain, A.K. [Indian Inst. of Technology, Dept. of Civil Engineering, New Delhi (India)

    2003-03-01

    Many innovative floating offshore structures have been proposed for cost effectiveness of oil and gas exploration and production in water depths exceeding one thousand meters in recent years. One such type of platform is the offshore floating Spar platform. The Spar platform is modelled as a rigid body with six degrees-of-freedom, connected to the sea floor by multi-component catenary mooring lines, which are attached to the Spar platform at the fairleads. The response dependent stiffness matrix consists of two parts (a) the hydrostatics provide restoring force in heave, roll and pitch, (b) the mooring lines provide the restoring force which are represented here by nonlinear horizontal springs. A unidirectional regular wave model is used for computing the incident wave kinematics by Airy's wave theory and force by Morison's equation. The response analysis is performed in time domain to solve the dynamic behavior of the moored Spar platform as an integrated system using the iterative incremental Newmark's Beta approach. Numerical studies are conducted for sea state conditions with and without coupling of degrees-of-freedom. (Author)

  14. Regular and chaotic behaviors of plasma oscillations modeled by a modified Duffing equation

    Kadji, H G Enjieu [Institut de Mathematiques et de Sciences Physiques, BP 613, Porto-Novo (Benin); Orou, J B Chabi [Institut de Mathematiques et de Sciences Physiques, BP 613, Porto-Novo (Benin); Woafo, P [Laboratory of Modelling and Simulation in Engineering and Biological Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Box 812, Yaounde (Cameroon)

    2008-02-15

    The regular and chaotic behavior of plasma oscillations governed by a modified Duffing equation is studied. After establishing that equation and focusing on its quadratic and cubic nonlinearities, the harmonic balance method and the fourth-order Runge-Kutta algorithm are used to derive regular and chaotic motions, respectively. A strong chaotic behavior, exhibited by the system in that event when the system is subjected to an external periodic excitation is reported as the nonlinear quadratic term varies.

  15. Self-Regulation Behaviors in Underprepared (Developmental) and Regular Admission College Students

    Ley; Young

    1998-01-01

    Although there is evidence that self-regulated learning processes, such as self-efficacy and goal setting, are significantly related to academic success most studies have not included participants from the one third of the entering college students who must take remedial college courses. The purpose of our research was to examine the differences between the self regulation reported by regular admission students and by underprepared students. We hypothesized that self regulating behaviors could predict developmental, that is underprepared, status or regular admission status among postsecondary students. Self regulation processes in randomly selected developmental and regular admission college students were identified using a structured interview. A discriminant function analysis tested the predictive ability of three measures of self regulating behavior. Developmental and regular admission students differed significantly in their self regulatory strategy deployment. The results suggest that self regulation may be a distinguishing characteristic between some developmental and regular admission students. Copyright 1998 Academic Press. PMID:9514688

  16. Achievement in mathematics and language is linked to regular physical activity: a population study in Chilean youth.

    Correa-Burrows, Paulina; Burrows, Raquel; Orellana, Yasna; Ivanovic, Daniza

    2014-01-01

    We examined the association between the allocation of time to regular physical activity (PA) and achievement in mathematics and language in Chilean adolescents after controlling for confounders. In a random sample of 620 ninth graders (15.6 ± 0.7 years old), we measured regular PA, including physical education and sports extracurricular activities, and academic performance, using national standardised tests. Bivariate and multivariate regression analyses modelled the relation between academic and health-related behaviours. Sufficiency and proficiency in mathematics and language were used as outcome variables. Only 18% of adolescents had >4 h·week(-1) of regular PA. Devoting >4 h · week(-1) to regular PA significantly increased the odds of sufficiency and proficiency in both domains. After full adjustment, the odds of sufficiency and proficiency in mathematics increased by 1.9 (95% CI: 1.1-3.5) and 2.7 (95% CI: 1.7-4.3), respectively. Similarly, the odds of sufficiency and proficiency in language increased by 3.3 (95% CI: 1.7-9.7) and 2.6 (95% CI: 1.6-4.1), respectively. Adolescents with the highest allocation of time to regular PA performed much better in mathematics and language than inactive students. The academic benefits associated with PA can help to promote sustained behaviour changes regarding lifestyles. They can be more easily perceived as gains than health benefits alone. PMID:24754641

  17. Regular and chaotic behaviors of plasma oscillations modeled by a modified Duffing equation

    The regular and chaotic behavior of plasma oscillations governed by a modified Duffing equation is studied. The plasma oscillations are described by a nonlinear differential equation of the form x + w02x + βx2 + αx3 = 0 which is similar to a Duffing equation. By focusing on the quadratic term, which is mainly the term modifying the Duffing equation, the harmonic balance method and the fourth order Runge-Kutta algorithm are used to derive regular and chaotic motions respectively. A strong chaotic behavior exhibited by the system in that event when the system is subjected to an external periodic forcing oscillation is reported as β varies. (author)

  18. Exploring Gains in Reading and Mathematics Achievement among Regular and Exceptional Students Using Growth Curve Modeling

    Shin, Tacksoo; Davison, Mark L.; Long, Jeffrey D.; Chan, Chi-Keung; Heistad, David

    2013-01-01

    Using four-wave longitudinal reading and mathematics data (4th to 7th grades) from a large urban school district, growth curve modeling was used as a tool for examining three research questions: Are achievement gaps closing in reading and mathematics? What are the associations between prior-achievement and growth across the reading and mathematics…

  19. Parent-reported problem behavior among children with sensory disabilities attending elementary regular schools

    Maes, B; Grietens, H

    2004-01-01

    Parent-reported problem behaviors of 94 children with visual and auditory disabilities, attending elementary regular schools, were compared with problems reported in a general population sample of nondisabled children. Both samples were matched by means of a pairwise matching procedure, taking into

  20. Society of Behavioral Medicine position statement: elementary school-based physical activity supports academic achievement

    Buscemi, Joanna; Kong, Angela; Fitzgibbon, Marian L.; Bustamante, Eduardo E.; Davis, Catherine L.; Pate, Russell R.; Wilson, Dawn K.

    2014-01-01

    The Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM) urges elementary schools to provide children with ample opportunities to engage in physical activity during school hours. In addition to promoting overall child health, physical activity also supports academic achievement. In addition to improving their aerobic fitness, regular physical activity improves cognitive function, influences the brain, and improves mood in children. Better aerobic fitness and physical activity are associated with increased gr...

  1. The Role of Family Factors and School Achievement in the Progression of Adolescents to Regular Smoking

    Pennanen, M.; Vartiainen, E.; Haukkala, A.

    2012-01-01

    This study examines whether parental smoking and single parenting were related to adolescents' school achievement and anti-smoking parental practices as well as how these factors predicted later smoking. The sample comprised 1163 Finnish students in Grades 7 through 9. Results show that at the beginning of the seventh grade, parental smoking and…

  2. Teachers' Nonverbal Behavior and Its Impact on Student Achievement

    Chaudhry, Noureen Asghar; Arif, Manzoor

    2012-01-01

    The observational study was conducted to see the impact of teachers' nonverbal behavior on academic achievement of learners. This also investigated the relationship of nonverbal communication of teachers working in different educational institutions. Main objectives of study were to measure nonverbal behavior of teachers' both male and female…

  3. Adolescent Health Behavior, Contentment in School, and Academic Achievement

    Kristjansson, Alfgeir Logi; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Allegrante, John P.; Helgason, Asgeir R.

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: To examine the association between health behavior indicators, school contentment, and academic achievement. Methods: Structural equation modeling with 5810 adolescents. Results: Our model explained 36% of the variance in academic achievement and 24% in school contentment. BMI and sedentary lifestyle were negatively related to school…

  4. Home Media and Children’s Achievement and Behavior

    Hofferth, Sandra L.

    2010-01-01

    This study provides a national picture of the time American 6–12 year olds spent playing video games, using the computer, and watching television at home in 1997 and 2003 and the association of early use with their achievement and behavior as adolescents. Girls benefited from computers more than boys and Black children’s achievement benefited more from greater computer use than did that of White children. Greater computer use in middle childhood was associated with increased achievement for W...

  5. Age, period, and cohort analysis of regular dental care behavior and edentulism: A marginal approach

    Lam Kwok-Fai; Wong May; Li Kar-Yan; Schwarz Eli

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background To analyze the regular dental care behavior and prevalence of edentulism in adult Danes, reported in sequential cross-sectional oral health surveys by the application of a marginal approach to consider the possible clustering effect of birth cohorts. Methods Data from four sequential cross-sectional surveys of non-institutionalized Danes conducted from 1975-2005 comprising 4330 respondents aged 15+ years in 9 birth cohorts were analyzed. The key study variables were seekin...

  6. Domain dependent associations between cognitive functioning and regular voluntary exercise behavior.

    Swagerman, Suzanne C; de Geus, Eco J C; Koenis, Marinka M G; Hulshoff Pol, Hilleke E; Boomsma, Dorret I; Kan, Kees-Jan

    2015-07-01

    Regular exercise has often been suggested to have beneficial effects on cognition, but empirical findings are mixed because of heterogeneity in sample composition (age and sex); the cognitive domain being investigated; the definition and reliability of exercise behavior measures; and study design (e.g., observational versus experimental). Our aim was to scrutinize the domain specificity of exercise effects on cognition, while controlling for the other sources of heterogeneity. In a population based sample consisting of 472 males and 668 females (aged 10-86 years old) we administered the Computerized Neurocognitive Battery (CNB), which provided accuracy and speed measures of abstraction and mental flexibility, attention, working memory, memory (verbal, face, and spatial), language and nonverbal reasoning, spatial ability, emotion identification, emotion- and age differentiation, sensorimotor speed, and motor speed. Using univariate and multivariate regression models, CNB scores were associated with participants' average energy expenditure per week (weekly METhours), which were derived from a questionnaire on voluntary regular leisure time exercise behavior. Univariate models yielded generally positive associations between weekly METhours and cognitive accuracy and speed, but multivariate modeling demonstrated that direct relations were small and centered around zero. The largest and only significant effect size (β = 0.11, p < 0.001) was on the continuous performance test, which measures attention. Our results suggest that in the base population, any chronic effects of voluntary regular leisure time exercise on cognition are limited. Only a relation between exercise and attention inspires confidence. PMID:25956142

  7. The impact of regular lifestyle behavior in migraine: a prevalence case-referent study.

    Woldeamanuel, Yohannes W; Cowan, Robert P

    2016-04-01

    Regular lifestyle behaviors (RLBs) of sleep, exercise, mealtime pattern and hydration status independently affect migraine occurrence. We aimed herein to evaluate the differences in migraine occurrence among participants who do and do not maintain the RLB triumvirate. Cases of chronic migraine (CM) and referents of episodic migraine (EM) ≥aged 15 years with charts regularly documenting RLB notes were continuously enrolled from a retrospective case-referent cohort study performed on electronic chart review from January 1, 2014 to January 1, 2015 at the Stanford Headache and Facial Pain Program. Association between RLB prevalence and migraine occurrence was studied. 175 CM and 175 EM patients were enrolled (mean age 44.4 years, 22 % males). Migraine was diagnosed according to the ICHD-3 beta criteria, and was confirmed by a Headache Specialist attending the Clinic. The CM cohort (22 %) exhibited less RLB than the EM cohort (69 %), with crude odds ratio of 0.13 (95 % confidence interval or CI 0.08-0.21). The adjusted odds ratio and adjusted relative risk between RLB+, Meds+ (those taking medication) and CM were 0.67 (95 % CI 0.32-1.40) and 0.74 (95 % CI 0.43-1.28), indicating no significant effect modification. Engaging in regular lifestyle behavior helps quell chronic migraine. PMID:26810728

  8. Excusing Elementary School Students from Regular Classroom Activities for the Study of Instrumental Music: The Effect on Sixth-Grade Reading, Language, and Mathematics Achievement.

    Kvet, Edward J.

    1985-01-01

    No significant difference was found in sixth-grade reading, language, and mathematics achievement between students who were excused from regular classroom activities for the study of instrumental music and students not studying instrumental music. (Author/RM)

  9. Regular and reverse nanoscale stick-slip behavior: Modeling and experiments

    Landolsi, Fakhreddine; Sun, Yuekai; Lu, Hao; Ghorbel, Fathi H.; Lou, Jun

    2010-02-01

    We recently proposed a new nanoscale friction model based on the bristle interpretation of single asperity contacts. The model is mathematically continuous and dynamic which makes it suitable for implementation in nanomanipulation and nanorobotic modeling. In the present paper, friction force microscope (FFM) scans of muscovite mica samples and vertically aligned multi-wall carbon nanotubes (VAMWCNTs) arrays are conducted. The choice of these materials is motivated by the fact that they exibit different stick-slip behaviors. The corresponding experimental and simulation results are compared. Our nanoscale friction model is shown to represent both the regular and reverse frictional sawtooth characteristics of the muscovite mica and the VAMWCNTs, respectively.

  10. Age, period, and cohort analysis of regular dental care behavior and edentulism: A marginal approach

    Lam Kwok-Fai

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To analyze the regular dental care behavior and prevalence of edentulism in adult Danes, reported in sequential cross-sectional oral health surveys by the application of a marginal approach to consider the possible clustering effect of birth cohorts. Methods Data from four sequential cross-sectional surveys of non-institutionalized Danes conducted from 1975-2005 comprising 4330 respondents aged 15+ years in 9 birth cohorts were analyzed. The key study variables were seeking dental care on an annual basis (ADC and edentulism. For the analysis of ADC, survey year, age, gender, socio-economic status (SES group, denture-wearing, and school dental care (SDC during childhood were considered. For the analysis of edentulism, only respondents aged 35+ years were included. Survey year, age, gender, SES group, ADC, and SDC during childhood were considered as the independent factors. To take into account the clustering effect of birth cohorts, marginal logistic regressions with an independent correlation structure in generalized estimating equations (GEE were carried out, with PROC GENMOD in SAS software. Results The overall proportion of people seeking ADC increased from 58.8% in 1975 to 86.7% in 2005, while for respondents aged 35 years or older, the overall prevalence of edentulism (35+ years decreased from 36.4% in 1975 to 5.0% in 2005. Females, respondents in the higher SES group, in more recent survey years, with no denture, and receiving SDC in all grades during childhood were associated with higher probability of seeking ADC regularly (P P P Conclusions With the use of GEE, the potential clustering effect of birth cohorts in sequential cross-sectional oral health survey data could be appropriately considered. The success of Danish dental health policy was demonstrated by a continued increase of regular dental visiting habits and tooth retention in adults because school dental care was provided to Danes in their childhood.

  11. Society of Behavioral Medicine position statement: elementary school-based physical activity supports academic achievement.

    Buscemi, Joanna; Kong, Angela; Fitzgibbon, Marian L; Bustamante, Eduardo E; Davis, Catherine L; Pate, Russell R; Wilson, Dawn K

    2014-12-01

    The Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM) urges elementary schools to provide children with ample opportunities to engage in physical activity during school hours. In addition to promoting overall child health, physical activity also supports academic achievement. In addition to improving their aerobic fitness, regular physical activity improves cognitive function, influences the brain, and improves mood in children. Better aerobic fitness and physical activity are associated with increased grade point averages and standardized test scores. Despite the documented relationship between physical activity, fitness, and academic achievement, few schools have implemented physical activity as a tool to improve academic performance. SBM recommends that elementary schools provide children with the recommended 60 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity during school hours. Further, SBM urges schools to work with the local school districts and state education departments to mandate minimum physical activity time for elementary school physical education. PMID:25584093

  12. The effect of red on avoidance behavior in achievement contexts.

    Elliot, Andrew J; Maier, Markus A; Binser, Martin J; Friedman, Ron; Pekrun, Reinhard

    2009-03-01

    This research tests whether the perception of red in an achievement context evokes avoidance behavior without conscious awareness and also examines the context specificity of the hypothesized red effect. In Experiment 1, participants were briefly shown red or green on the cover of an analogies test that they would ostensibly take (an achievement context) or rate on likability of (a nonachievement context) in an adjacent lab. Those shown red, relative to those shown green, knocked fewer times on the door of the adjacent lab in the achievement context; no red-green difference in knocking was observed in the nonachievement context. In Experiment 2, participants were briefly shown red, green, or gray on the cover of an IQ test that they would ostensibly take. Those shown red moved their body away from the test cover to a greater degree than did those shown green or gray. This research contributes to incipient work on color psychology and to the more established literature on the automatic link between evaluation and behavior. PMID:19223458

  13. The Association Between Educational Achievements, Career Aspirations, Achievement Motives and Oral Hygiene Behavior among Dental Students of Udaipur, India

    Asawa, Kailash; Chaturvedi, Pulkit; Tak, Mridula; Nagarajappa, Ramesh; Bhat, Nagesh; Bapat, Salil; Gupta, Vivek; Jalihal, Sagar

    2014-01-01

    Background There are several factors which influence oral hygiene behavior of an individual. Educational achievements, career aspirations and achievement motives of individuals are some of those factors. The objective of this study was to investigate whether educational achievements, career aspirations and achievement motives have associations with oral hygiene behavior among dental students of Udaipur, India. Methods A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among all (n=200) 1st yea...

  14. Is It Possible to Improve Mathematical Achievement by Means of Self-Regulation Strategies? Evaluation of an Intervention in Regular Math Classes

    Perels, Franziska; Dignath, Charlotte; Schmitz, Bernhard

    2009-01-01

    After the effectiveness of self-regulation training outside school was demonstrated, a self-regulation intervention was developed to foster the learning achievement in regular math classes. Based on the theoretical framework of self-regulated learning, self-regulation training was integrated into a math class unit. The evaluation of the…

  15. A Transdisciplinary Team Approach to Achieving Moral Agency across Regular and Special Education in K-12 Schools

    Zaretsky, Lindy

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework for integrating social responsibility within the accountability context now prevalent across the regular and special education contexts of Canadian and American schools while exposing readers to many of the different theories that exist concerning transdisciplinary forms of inclusive…

  16. Critical behavior of a fixed-energy Manna sandpile model for regular initial conditions in one dimension

    Kwon, Sungchul; Kim, Jin Min

    2015-12-01

    For a fixed-energy (FE) Manna sandpile model in one dimension, we investigate the critical behavior for regular initial conditions in which activities are distributed at regular intervals on average. The FE Manna model conserves the density ρ of total particles and undergoes an absorbing phase transition at a critical ρc. For the regular initial conditions, we show via extensive simulations that the dynamical scaling behaviors differ from those of the random and the natural initial conditions. Off-critical scaling exponents β and ν⊥ are also measured and shown to agree well with the values of the directed percolation (DP) class as reported by Basu et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 015702 (2012), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.015702]. Our results suggest that the dynamical scaling behaviors depend on the characteristics of initial conditions, but the off-critical scaling behaviors in the steady state are independent of initial conditions and belong to the DP class.

  17. Unexpected Regularity in Swimming Behavior of Clausocalanus furcatus Revealed by a Telecentric 3D Computer Vision System.

    Giuseppe Bianco

    Full Text Available Planktonic copepods display a large repertoire of motion behaviors in a three-dimensional environment. Two-dimensional video observations demonstrated that the small copepod Clausocalanus furcatus, one the most widely distributed calanoids at low to medium latitudes, presented a unique swimming behavior that was continuous and fast and followed notably convoluted trajectories. Furthermore, previous observations indicated that the motion of C. furcatus resembled a random process. We characterized the swimming behavior of this species in three-dimensional space using a video system equipped with telecentric lenses, which allow tracking of zooplankton without the distortion errors inherent in common lenses. Our observations revealed unexpected regularities in the behavior of C. furcatus that appear primarily in the horizontal plane and could not have been identified in previous observations based on lateral views. Our results indicate that the swimming behavior of C. furcatus is based on a limited repertoire of basic kinematic modules but exhibits greater plasticity than previously thought.

  18. Association between regular participation in sports and leisure time behaviors in Brazilian adolescents: A cross-sectional study

    Loch Mathias

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The belief that adolescents engaged in sports increase their overall physical activity level while simultaneously decreasing physical inactivity has been the foundation of many intervention programs in developing countries. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between regular participation in sports and both active behaviors and TV viewing during leisure time. Methods A total of 1752 Brazilian adolescents (812 = male and 940 = female participated in this study. Regular participation in sports, as well as active behaviors (exemplified by walking or cycling and TV viewing during leisure time were assessed by means of a questionnaire. The chi-square test analyzed the association between sports practice and leisure time behaviors, and the Poisson regression with robust variance indicated the magnitude of these associations. Results The prevalence of regular participation in sports was 14.8% (95% confidence interval 13.2% to 16.5%. After adjustment for all confounders, participation in sports was associated with, at the highest frequency, cycling (PR = 2.55 [1.80–3.60] and walking (PR = 2.69 [1.98–3.64] during leisure time. However, there was not an association between the participation in sports and frequency of TV viewing (PR = 1.28 [0.81–2.02]. Conclusion This study presented data indicating that the regular participation in sports is positively associated with a higher frequency of physically active behaviors during leisure time. However, the results did not support the hypothesis that the engagement in sports necessarily decreases leisure time spent in TV viewing.

  19. Association between regular participation in sports and leisure time behaviors in Brazilian adolescents: A cross-sectional study

    Loch Mathias; Vaz Ronque Enio; Cardoso Jefferson; Júnior Ismael; Fernandes Rômulo; de Oliveira Arli

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background The belief that adolescents engaged in sports increase their overall physical activity level while simultaneously decreasing physical inactivity has been the foundation of many intervention programs in developing countries. The aim of this study was to analyze the association between regular participation in sports and both active behaviors and TV viewing during leisure time. Methods A total of 1752 Brazilian adolescents (812 = male and 940 = female) participated in this s...

  20. Modification of provider behavior to achieve improved asthma outcomes.

    Jones, Erika M; Portnoy, Jay M

    2003-11-01

    Despite an abundance of scientific evidence supporting the use of guidelines, adherence to asthma practice guidelines by physicians generally is low, regardless of provider and patient characteristics. As a result, scientific information, obtained with great effort and at huge expense, is not being translated into clinical practice. To remedy this, we developed a disease management program that emphasizes alteration of provider behavior using operant conditioning. We did this by placing asthma educators in private offices for up to 8 weeks. The educators used a combination of problem-based learning, role modeling, and operant conditioning with positive reinforcement to affect behavior change. As a result of these behavior changes, by the end of 8 weeks the cost to treat asthma patients decreased, despite an increase in the cost of medications. We concluded that behavior-oriented programs targeted at provider offices can lead to improved asthma care while reducing costs. PMID:14531969

  1. The relationships between problem characteristics, achievement-related behaviors, and academic achievement in problem-based learning

    Sockalingam, Nachamma; Rotgans, Jerome; Schmidt, Henk

    2011-01-01

    textabstractThis study investigated the influence of five problem characteristics on students' achievement-related classroom behaviors and academic achievement. Data from 5,949 polytechnic students in PBL curricula across 170 courses were analyzed by means of path analysis. The five problem characteristics were: (1) problem clarity, (2) problem familiarity, (3) the extent to which the problem stimulated group discussion, (4) self-study, and (5) identification of learning goals. The results sh...

  2. The Gambling Preferences and Behaviors of a Community Sample of Australian Regular Video Game Players.

    Forrest, Cameron J; King, Daniel L; Delfabbro, Paul H

    2016-06-01

    Research has noted many similarities between video gaming and gambling activities. It has been suggested that video game players may also be attracted to gambling, although there is limited research on this possibility. The present study examined concurrent video gaming and gambling habits in a sample of regular video game players in Australia (N = 485, 84 % male, M age = 25.8). Gambling involvement was found to be a generally unpopular activity among regular video game players. No significant association between frequency of video game play and frequency of gambling was found. Although significant correlations between gaming 'addiction' scores and gambling frequency were identified, age was the only significant predictor of gambling when controlling for all remaining variables. These findings are critically discussed in the context of past research, and future research directions concerning the link between video gaming and gambling are proposed. PMID:25773869

  3. LIPSCHITZ REGULARITY FOR INTEGRO-DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS WITH COERCIVE HAMILTONIANS AND APPLICATION TO LARGE TIME BEHAVIOR

    Barles, Guy; Ley, Olivier; Topp, Erwin

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we provide suitable adaptations of the " weak version of Bernstein method " introduced by the first author in 1991, in order to obtain Lipschitz regularity results and Lipschitz estimates for nonlinear integro-differential elliptic and parabolic equations set in the whole space. Our interest is to obtain such Lipschitz results to possibly degenerate equations, or to equations which are indeed " uniformly el-liptic " (maybe in the nonlocal sense) but which do not satisfy the usu...

  4. Marijuana Use at School and Achievement-Linked Behaviors

    Finn, Kristin V.

    2012-01-01

    Marijuana remains one of the most frequently used drugs among adolescents and usage has increased in recent years. In addition to general use, many high school students use marijuana during the school day. The present study focused on achievement-linked correlates of in-school marijuana use by comparing non-users, general users, and school users…

  5. Achieving more with less: Extra milers' behavioral influences in teams.

    Li, Ning; Zhao, Helen H; Walter, Sheryl L; Zhang, Xin-An; Yu, Jia

    2015-07-01

    Teams are composed of individual members who collectively contribute to team success. As a result, contemporary team research tends to focus on how team overall properties (e.g., the average of team personality and behavior) affect team processes and effectiveness while overlooking the potential unique influences of specific members on team outcomes. Drawing on minority influence theory (Grant & Patil, 2012), we extend previous teams research by demonstrating that an extra miler (i.e., a team member exhibiting the highest frequency of extra-role behaviors in a team) can influence team processes and, ultimately, team effectiveness beyond the influences of all the other members. Specifically, based on a field study, we report that the extra miler's behavioral influences (i.e., helping and voice) on team monitoring and backup processes and team effectiveness are contingent on his or her network position in the team, such that the member tends to have stronger influence on team outcomes when he or she is in a central position. We also find that even a single extra miler in a vital position plays a more important role in driving team processes and outcomes than do all the other members. Therefore, our research offers an important contribution to the team literature by demonstrating the disproportionate influences of specific team members on team overall outcomes. PMID:25664471

  6. The Dynamics of Condom Use with Regular and Casual Partners: Analysis of the 2006 National Sexual Behavior Survey of Thailand

    Aphichat Chamratrithirong; Paulina Kaiser

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine factors associated with levels of condom use among heterosexual Thai males in sex with regular partners and in sex with casual partners. METHODS: The data used in this study are from the national probability sample of the 2006 National Sexual Behavior Study, the third nationally representative cross-sectional survey in Thailand. A subtotal of 2,281 men were analyzed in the study, including young (18-24) and older (25-59) adults who were residents of rur...

  7. Influence of Falling Height on the Behavior of Skid- Launching Free-Fall Lifeboat in Regular Waves

    M.M Karim

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper numerically investigated the influence of falling height on the behavior of the skid-launching free-fall lifeboat (FFLB in regular waves. The boat has been treated as a rigid body when the differential equations of motion for the four falling phases, i.e., sliding or ramp phase, rotation phase, free-fall phase and water entry phase of the lifeboat were solved in the time domain. The hydrodynamic characteristics of the lifeboat has been studied for different falling heights such as H = 1.5m, 1.75m and 2.00m. Horizontal and vertical excursions and the rotation of the axis of the boat have been computed at different time along with its horizontal and vertical velocities. Hydrodynamic forces and accelerations at normal and axial directions have also been determined. At first the analysis has been done in still water and then in regular wave with amplitude of 0.5m and a period of 2.0 sec. In all of the cases, effects of regular wave are shown by comparing the results with those considering the falling of FFLB into calm water.

  8. Influence of hydrodynamic coefficients in the response behavior of triangular TLPs in regular waves

    Chandrasekaran, S.; Chandak, N.R. [Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (India). Institute of Technology, Department of Civil Engineering; Jain, A.K. [Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi (India). Department of Civil Engineering

    2004-12-01

    Triangular configuration tension leg platforms (TLPs) are used for deep-water oil/gas exploration. The mechanics of TLP is highly nonlinear due to larger structural displacements and fluid motion-structure interaction. Triangular TLP has major consideration for deep-water application also due to its relative insensitivity with increasing water depth, excellent station keeping characteristics, etc. which makes this as a most cost effective and practical production system for deep waters. This study focuses on the influence of hydrodynamic drag coefficient (C{sub d}) and hydrodynamic inertia coefficient (C{sub m}) on the nonlinear response behaviour or triangular TLP models under regular waves. Two typical triangular TLP models vis-a-vis TLP{sub 1} and TLP{sub 2} are taken for the study at 600 and 1200 m water depths, respectively. Hydrodynamic forces on these TLPs are evaluated using modified Morison equation under regular waves. Diffraction effects are neglected. Various nonlinearities arising due to relative velocity term in drag force, change the tether tension due to TLP movement, and set down effect are being considered in the analysis. The dynamic equation of motion has been solved in time-domain by employing Newmark's {beta} numerical integration technique. Based on the numerical study conducted, it is seen that the response evaluated using varying hydrodynamic coefficients through the water depth is significantly lesser in comparison to the response with constant coefficients in all activated degrees-of-freedom. However, sway, roll, and yaw degrees-of-freedom are not present due to the undirectional waveloading considered for the study. The influence of the hydrodynamic coefficients in wave period of 15 s is more in comparison with that of 10 s, and is nonlinear. The hydrodynamic coefficients also influence the plan dimension of TLP and its site location (geometry). Therefore, it may become essential to estimate the range of C{sub d}-C{sub m} values to

  9. Long-Term Evolution of Email Networks: Statistical Regularities, Predictability and Stability of Social Behaviors.

    Godoy-Lorite, Antonia; Guimerà, Roger; Sales-Pardo, Marta

    2016-01-01

    In social networks, individuals constantly drop ties and replace them by new ones in a highly unpredictable fashion. This highly dynamical nature of social ties has important implications for processes such as the spread of information or of epidemics. Several studies have demonstrated the influence of a number of factors on the intricate microscopic process of tie replacement, but the macroscopic long-term effects of such changes remain largely unexplored. Here we investigate whether, despite the inherent randomness at the microscopic level, there are macroscopic statistical regularities in the long-term evolution of social networks. In particular, we analyze the email network of a large organization with over 1,000 individuals throughout four consecutive years. We find that, although the evolution of individual ties is highly unpredictable, the macro-evolution of social communication networks follows well-defined statistical patterns, characterized by exponentially decaying log-variations of the weight of social ties and of individuals' social strength. At the same time, we find that individuals have social signatures and communication strategies that are remarkably stable over the scale of several years. PMID:26735853

  10. Mechanical behavior of regular open-cell porous biomaterials made of diamond lattice unit cells.

    Ahmadi, S M; Campoli, G; Amin Yavari, S; Sajadi, B; Wauthle, R; Schrooten, J; Weinans, H; Zadpoor, A A

    2014-06-01

    Cellular structures with highly controlled micro-architectures are promising materials for orthopedic applications that require bone-substituting biomaterials or implants. The availability of additive manufacturing techniques has enabled manufacturing of biomaterials made of one or multiple types of unit cells. The diamond lattice unit cell is one of the relatively new types of unit cells that are used in manufacturing of regular porous biomaterials. As opposed to many other types of unit cells, there is currently no analytical solution that could be used for prediction of the mechanical properties of cellular structures made of the diamond lattice unit cells. In this paper, we present new analytical solutions and closed-form relationships for predicting the elastic modulus, Poisson׳s ratio, critical buckling load, and yield (plateau) stress of cellular structures made of the diamond lattice unit cell. The mechanical properties predicted using the analytical solutions are compared with those obtained using finite element models. A number of solid and porous titanium (Ti6Al4V) specimens were manufactured using selective laser melting. A series of experiments were then performed to determine the mechanical properties of the matrix material and cellular structures. The experimentally measured mechanical properties were compared with those obtained using analytical solutions and finite element (FE) models. It has been shown that, for small apparent density values, the mechanical properties obtained using analytical and numerical solutions are in agreement with each other and with experimental observations. The properties estimated using an analytical solution based on the Euler-Bernoulli theory markedly deviated from experimental results for large apparent density values. The mechanical properties estimated using FE models and another analytical solution based on the Timoshenko beam theory better matched the experimental observations. PMID:24566381

  11. Mean-field behavior of the negative-weight percolation model on random regular graphs.

    Melchert, Oliver; Hartmann, Alexander K; Mézard, Marc

    2011-10-01

    We investigate both analytically and numerically the ensemble of minimum-weight loops in the negative-weight percolation model on random graphs with fixed connectivity and bimodal weight distribution. This allows us to study the mean-field behavior of this model. The analytical study is based on a conjectured equivalence with the problem of self-avoiding walks in a random medium. The numerical study is based on a mapping to a standard minimum-weight matching problem for which fast algorithms exist. Both approaches yield results that are in agreement on the location of the phase transition, on the value of critical exponents, and on the absence of any sizable indications of a glass phase. By these results, the previously conjectured upper critical dimension of d(u)=6 is confirmed. PMID:22181086

  12. Regular and Chaotic Flow Behavior and Orientational Dynamics of Tumbling Nematics

    Hess, S.; Heidenreich, S.; Ilg, P.; Kröger, M.

    2006-05-01

    We consider liquid crystalline polymers under plane Couette flow and investigate the influence of fluctuating shear rates on the orientational dynamics. With help of phase portraits and time evolution diagrams of the alignment tensor components, we discuss the effect of fluctuations on the flow-aligned, isotropic and periodic solutions. To explore the effect of fluctuations on the chaotic behavior we calculated the greatest Lyapunov exponent for different fluctuation strengths. We found that fluctuations of the shear rate in general have little effect on the dynamics of tumbling nematics. Further we present a new amended potential modeling the isotropic-to-nematic transition. In contrast to the Landau-de Gennes potential our potential has the advantage to restrict the order parameter to physically admissible values. In the end we present some results of the orientational dynamics for a spatially inhomogeneous system.

  13. Predicting Developmental Change in Healthy Eating and Regular Exercise among Adolescents in China and the United States: The Role of Psychosocial and Behavioral Protection and Risk

    Jessor, Richard; Turbin, Mark S.; Costa, Frances M.

    2010-01-01

    This article reports a cross-national study of developmental change in health-enhancing behavior--healthy eating and regular exercise--among adolescents in China and the United States. The application of a conceptual framework comprising psychosocial and behavioral protective and risk factors--both proximal and distal and at both the individual…

  14. Relationship between Achievement Goals and Students' Self-Reported Personal and Social Responsibility Behaviors.

    Agbuga, Bulent; Xiang, Ping; McBride, Ron E

    2015-01-01

    This study utilized the 2x2 achievement goal model (mastery-approach, mastery-avoidance, performance-approach, performance-avoidance goals) to explore the relationships between achievement goals and self-reported personal and social responsibility behaviors in high school physical education settings. Two hundred and twenty one Turkish students completed questionnaires assessing their achievement goals, personal and social responsibility behaviors. Results of the one-way repeated measures ANOVA revealed significant differences among the four achievement goals, F(3, 660) = 137.05, p social responsibility (r = .38, p responsibility behaviors, and b = .41, t(216) = 5.23, p social responsibility behaviors. These findings seem to provide convergent evidence that mastery-approach goals are positively related to positive educational outcomes. PMID:25896600

  15. Type A Behavior and Marital Satisfaction: Differential Effects of Achievement Striving and Impatience/Irritability.

    MacEwen, Karyl; Barling, Julian

    1993-01-01

    Examined how dimensions of Type A behavior exert different effects on marital relationship. Findings from 200 couples are consistent with view that Type A behavior should be divided into at least 2 components, and that it is Impatience/Irritability dimension rather than achievement-oriented or job-involved dimension that exerts detrimental effects…

  16. Effects of Student Uniforms on Attendance, Behavior Problems, Substance Use, and Academic Achievement.

    Brunsma, David L.; Rockquemore, Kerry A.

    1998-01-01

    Examined 10th-grade data from the 1988 National Educational Longitudinal Study to investigate the effects of school uniforms on student attendance, behavior problems, substance use, and academic achievement. Data from public, private, and Catholic schools indicated that uniforms had no direct effect on substance use, attendance, or behavior, and a…

  17. Self-Regulated Learning Behavior of College Students of Science and Their Academic Achievement

    Peng, Cuixin

    This study focuses on the relationship between self-regulated learning behavior and their academic achievement of college students of science. For students of science, their involvement in motivational components is closely tied to their performance in the examinations. Cognitive strategies have the strongest influence on scores of the English achievement.

  18. Development of Robots with Soft Sensor Flesh for Achieving Close Interaction Behavior

    Tomoaki Yoshikai; Marika Hayashi; Yui Ishizaka; Hiroko Fukushima; Asuka Kadowaki; Takashi Sagisaka; Kazuya Kobayashi; Iori Kumagai; Masayuki Inaba

    2012-01-01

    In order to achieve robots' working around humans, safe contacts against objects, humans, and environments with broad area of their body should be allowed. Furthermore, it is desirable to actively use those contacts for achieving tasks. Considering that, many practical applications will be realized by whole-body close interaction of many contacts with others. Therefore, robots are strongly expected to achieve whole-body interaction behavior with objects around them. Recently, it becomes possi...

  19. From inactive to regular jogger

    Lund-Cramer, Pernille; Brinkmann Løite, Vibeke; Bredahl, Thomas Viskum Gjelstrup;

    study was conducted using individual semi-structured interviews on how a successful long-term behavior change had been achieved. Ten informants were purposely selected from participants in the DANO-RUN research project (7 men, 3 women, average age 41.5). Interviews were performed on the basis of Theory...... of Planned Behavior (TPB) and The Transtheoretical Model (TTM). Coding and analysis of interviews were performed using NVivo 10 software. Results TPB: During the behavior change process, the intention to jogging shifted from a focus on weight loss and improved fitness to both physical health, psychological......Title From inactive to regular jogger - a qualitative study of achieved behavioral change among recreational joggers Authors Pernille Lund-Cramer & Vibeke Brinkmann Løite Purpose Despite extensive knowledge of barriers to physical activity, most interventions promoting physical activity have proven...

  20. Natural regularization

    We formulate natural regularization (NR) as a variant of dimensional regularization (DR). We replace the conventional dimensional reduction by a dimensionless regulator, allowing a transparent regularization of standard D-dimensional Feynman integrals. For arbitrary dimensions, we motivate and demonstrate explicitly the transition from the dimensionally reduced integration space to natural regularization. We establish the relation to cut-off regularization and point out the basic differences from dimensional regularization. Possible applications, such as to the axial anomaly or to gauge theories are briefly touched upon. (author)

  1. Good character at school: Positive classroom behavior mediates the link between character strengths and school achievement

    Lisa eWagner

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Character strengths have been found to be substantially related to children’s and adolescents’ well-being. Initial evidence suggests that they also matter for school success (e.g., Weber and Ruch, 2012. The present set of two studies aimed at replicating and extending these findings in two different age groups, primary school students (N = 179; mean age = 11.6 years and secondary school students (N = 199; mean age = 14.4 years. The students completed the VIA-Youth, a self-report measure of the 24 character strengths in the VIA classification. Their teachers rated the students’ positive behavior in the classroom. Additionally, school achievement was assessed: For the primary school students (Study 1, teachers rated the students’ overall school achievement and for the secondary school students (Study 2, we used their grades as a measure of school achievement. We found that several character strengths were associated with both positive classroom behavior and school achievement. Across both samples school achievement was correlated with love of learning, perseverance, zest, gratitude, hope, and perspective. The strongest correlations with positive classroom behavior were found for perseverance, self-regulation, prudence, social intelligence, and hope. For both samples, there were indirect effects of most of the character strengths on school achievement through teacher-rated positive classroom behavior. The converging findings from the two samples support the notion that character strengths contribute to positive classroom behavior, which in turn enhances school achievement. Results are discussed in terms of their implications for future research and for school interventions based on character strengths.

  2. The Effect of Perceived Motivational Structure of Classroom on Achievement Behaviors

    Siavash Talepasand

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of perceived motivational structure of classroom on achievement behaviors (the choice of problem, effort, persistence in solving algorithm and flowchart problems. There were 45 high school male students (Mean age = 17 years old in the third grade of computer field in three classes. Classes were divided into two experimental and one control group. Instructional content was given in 10 sessions for 180 minutes. The variables of choice, effort, and persistence were collected by direct as-sessment method. A pre-test and post-test design was used. The Data were analyzed by using multivariate analysis of variance. Results indicated that mastery structure had positive effect on the amount of effort and persistence in solving algorithm and flowchart problems in comparison with control group. Mastery structure in comparison with performance structure increased the amount of effort in solving problems significantly. In addition, an interactive effect between previous achieve-ment and perceived structure of classroom was achieved in a mastery level. The amount of persistence in that of students with very weak previous achievement was more than students with average previous achievement. The find-ing of this study is compatible with the theory of achievement goal and illustrates that the mastery structure plays an effective role in forming achievement behaviors.

  3. The Effects of Teacher Education Level, Teaching Experience, And Teaching Behaviors On Student Science Achievement

    Zhang, Danhui

    2008-01-01

    Previous literature leaves us unanswered questions about whether teaching behaviors mediate the relationship between teacher education level and experience with student science achievement. This study examined this question with 655 students from sixth to eighth grade and their 12 science teachers. Student science achievements were measured at the beginning and end of 2006-2007 school year. Given the cluster sampling of students nested in classrooms, which are nested in teachers, a two-lev...

  4. Regular figures

    Tóth, L Fejes; Ulam, S; Stark, M

    1964-01-01

    Regular Figures concerns the systematology and genetics of regular figures. The first part of the book deals with the classical theory of the regular figures. This topic includes description of plane ornaments, spherical arrangements, hyperbolic tessellations, polyhedral, and regular polytopes. The problem of geometry of the sphere and the two-dimensional hyperbolic space are considered. Classical theory is explained as describing all possible symmetrical groupings in different spaces of constant curvature. The second part deals with the genetics of the regular figures and the inequalities fo

  5. USE OF VIDEOGAMES AND COMPUTER GAMES: INFLUENCES ON ATTENTION, MEMORY, ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AND PROBLEMS BEHAVIOR

    Harold Germán Rodríguez Celis

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This study was designed to identify the relationship between video and computergames use on attention, memory, academic performance and problemsbehavior in school children in Bogotá. Memory and attention were assessedusing a set of different scales of ENI Battery (Matute, Rosselli, Ardila, & Ostrosky-Solís, 2007. For Academic performance, school newsletters were used.Behavioral problems were assessed through the CBCL / 6 -18 questionnaire(Child Behavior Checklist of (Achenbach & Edelbrock, 1983. 123 children and99 parents were enrolled in 2 factorial design experimental studies. The resultsdid not support the hypothesis of a significant change in memory tests, orintra-subject selective visual and hearing attention. However, these variablesshowed significant differences among children exposed to habitual videogamesconsumption. No differences were found between the level of regular videogames consumption in school children and academic performance variables orbehavioral problems.

  6. Early Behavioral Self-Regulation, Academic Achievement, and Gender: Longitudinal Findings from France, Germany, and Iceland

    Gestsdottir, Steinunn; von Suchodoletz, Antje; Wanless, Shannon B.; Hubert, Blandine; Guimard, Philippe; Birgisdottir, Freyja; Gunzenhauser, Catherine; McClelland, Megan

    2014-01-01

    Research suggests that behavioral self-regulation skills are critical for early school success, but few studies have explored such links among young children in Europe. This study examined the contribution of early self-regulation to academic achievement gains among children in France, Germany, and Iceland. Gender differences in behavioral…

  7. Socioemotional Behavior and School Achievement in Relation to Extracurricular Activity Participation in Middle Childhood

    Metsapelto, Riitta-Leena; Pulkkinen, Lea

    2012-01-01

    This 3-year longitudinal study investigated the associations of student (aged 9 to 10 years at the beginning of the study; n = 281; 51% girls) participation in extracurricular activities with teacher-rated socioemotional behavior and school achievement. MANOVA results showed that, after controlling for the grade level and the initial level of the…

  8. Academic Optimism, Organizational Citizenship Behaviors, and Student Achievement at Charter Schools

    Guvercin, Mustafa

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among academic optimism, Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (OCBs), and student achievement in college preparatory charter schools. A purposeful sample of elementary school teachers from college preparatory charter schools (N = 226) in southeast Texas was solicited to complete the…

  9. English Learning Achievement and EFL Learners' Cheating Attitudes and Cheating Behaviors

    Rahim, Mehrak; Goli, Atefeh

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the current study was investigating the role of achievement in learning English as a foreign language in EFL learners' cheating attitudes and cheating behaviors. Eight hundred junior high-school students were selected based on random cluster sampling and participated in the study. Their attitudes towards academic dishonesty and their…

  10. Teachers' Feedback on Homework, Homework-Related Behaviors, and Academic Achievement

    Núñez, José Carlos; Suárez, Natalia; Rosário, Pedro; Vallejo, Guillermo; Cerezo, Rebeca; Valle, António

    2015-01-01

    The authors intended to (a) identify the association between gender or grade level and teachers' homework (HW) feedback and (b) examine the relationship between teachers' HW feedback, HW-related behaviors (e.g., amount of HW completed), and academic achievement. Four hundred fifty-four students (Grades 5-12) participated in this study. The results…

  11. The Role of Temperament in Children's Affective and Behavioral Responses in Achievement Situations

    Hirvonen, Riikka; Aunola, Kaisa; Alatupa, Saija; Viljaranta, Jaana; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

    2013-01-01

    Although students' affects and behaviors in achievement situations have been shown to be influenced by their previous learning experiences, less is known about how they relate to students' dispositional characteristics, such as temperament. This study examined to what extent children's temperament is related to their affective and behavioral…

  12. Recent Advances in Developmental Pediatrics Related to Achievement and Social Behavior.

    Mathews, Wendy S.; Barabas, Gabor

    1985-01-01

    Recent advances related to the achievement and school behavior in children with tic syndromes, seizure disorders, and minor physical anomolies are discussed. The role of the school psychologist as liaison between the pupil's teacher, family, and physician is described, as well as his or her role with the children themselves. (Author/EGS)

  13. Does Learning Behavior Augment Cognitive Ability as an Indicator of Academic Achievement?

    Yen, Cherng-Jyh; Konold, Timothy R.; McDermott, Paul A.

    2004-01-01

    Measures of cognitive ability have a rich history of accounting for meaningful levels of achievement variance. In contrast to other student characteristics, however, they are somewhat limited in terms of their intervention relevance and treatment validity. Alternatively, children's observable learning behaviors are believed to enhance both…

  14. The Links between Parent Behaviors and Boys' and Girls' Science Achievement Beliefs

    Bhanot, Ruchi T.; Jovanovic, Jasna

    2009-01-01

    This study examined whether parental involvement in children's science schoolwork (i.e., discussions about science, homework helping and encouragement of science interest) varies for boys and girls, and how these behaviors relate to children's science achievement beliefs (i.e., ability perceptions and task-value) at the end of a school year. We…

  15. EFFECTS OF AN INTENSIVE INSERVICE PROGRAM ON TEACHER'S CLASSROOM BEHAVIOR AND PUPIL READING ACHIEVEMENT.

    HEILMAN, ARTHUR W.

    AN INVESTIGATION WAS MADE TO GAUGE THE EFFECTS OF AN INTENSIVE, INSERVICE TRAINING PROGRAM ON TEACHERS' CLASSROOM BEHAVIOR AND READING ACHIEVEMENT OF PUPILS TAUGHT BY PARTICIPATING TEACHERS. A TOTAL OF 30 FIRST-GRADE TEACHERS VOLUNTEERED FOR PARTICIPATION. ONE-HALF OF THIS TOTAL WAS ASSIGNED TO AN EXPERIMENTAL GROUP, AND THE OTHER HALF TO A…

  16. Communication Satisfaction, Organizational Citizenship Behavior and the Relationship to Student Achievement in High Schools

    Blanchard, Gayle A.

    2012-01-01

    This study used a correlational design that allowed the researcher to examine the relationship among communication satisfaction, organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) and student achievement. High school teachers were surveyed from a convenience sample of 12 school districts in Arizona. Established instruments were used to survey…

  17. Effect of Self-Regulated Learning and Motivation to Achieve against Teacher Professional Capability for Student S1 PGSD of Science Field Compared with Regular Student S1 PGSD at UPBJJ Serang

    Prayekti

    2015-01-01

    This study is to know effect of self-regulated learning and motivation to achieve against teacher professional capability for student S1 PGSD of science field compared with regular student S1 PGSD. The student uses grades of Classroom Action Research (CAR) and Stabilization of Professional Capability (SPC) on curriculum of S1 PGSD to see…

  18. Regular moderate or intense exercise prevents depression-like behavior without change of hippocampal tryptophan content in chronically tryptophan-deficient and stressed mice.

    Hosung Lee

    Full Text Available Regular exercise has an antidepressant effect in human subjects. Studies using animals have suggested that the antidepressant effect of exercise is attributable to an increase of brain 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT; however, the precise mechanism underlying the antidepressant action via exercise is unclear. In contrast, the effect of 5-HT on antidepressant activity has not been clarified, in part because the therapeutic response to antidepressant drugs has a time lag in spite of the rapid increase of brain 5-HT upon administration of these drugs. This study was designed to investigate the contribution of brain 5-HT to the antidepressant effect of exercise. Mice were fed a tryptophan-deficient diet and stressed using chronic unpredictable stress (CUS for 4 weeks with or without the performance of either moderate or intense exercise on a treadmill 3 days per week. The findings demonstrated that the onset of depression-like behavior is attributable not to chronic reduction of 5-HT but to chronic stress. Regular exercise, whether moderate or intense, prevents depression-like behavior with an improvement of adult hippocampal cell proliferation and survival and without the recovery of 5-HT. Concomitantly, the mice that exercised showed increased hippocampal noradrenaline. Regular exercise prevents the impairment of not long-term memory but short-term memory in a 5-HT-reduced state. Together, these findings suggest that: (1 chronic reduction of brain 5-HT may not contribute to the onset of depression-like behavior; (2 regular exercise, whether moderate or intense, prevents the onset of chronic stress-induced depression-like behavior independent of brain 5-HT and dependent on brain adrenaline; and (3 regular exercise prevents chronic tryptophan reduction-induced impairment of not long-term but short-term memory.

  19. What leadership behaviors were demonstrated by the principal in a high poverty, high achieving elementary school?

    E. Hayet J. Woods

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Examined through the lens of leadership, were the behaviors of a principal as perceived by stakeholders. The following themes emerged: (1 Educating the Whole Child, with the subthemes: (a providing basic needs; (b academic interventions based on achievement data; (c an emphasis on reading; (d extended academic time; and (e relationships; and (2 Synergy of Expectations, with the subthemes: (a consistent student expectations; (b increased staff accountability; and (c community involvement. The researchers found that the principal by demonstrating behaviors as a change agent, a creator of vision, and a provider of necessary support and strategies, rather than adopting numerous programs, the school personnel were able to increase and sustain academic achievement of the students of poverty as well as their peers. Implications for principal practices, along with leadership preparatory programs are significant.

  20. Attitudes toward E-Cigarettes, Reasons for Initiating E-Cigarette Use, and Changes in Smoking Behavior after Initiation: A Pilot Longitudinal Study of Regular Cigarette Smokers

    Berg, Carla J.; Barr, Dana Boyd; Stratton, Erin; Escoffery, Cam; Kegler, Michelle

    2014-01-01

    Objectives We examined 1) changes in smoking and vaping behavior and associated cotinine levels and health status among regular smokers who were first-time e-cigarette purchasers and 2) attitudes, intentions, and restrictions regarding e-cigarettes. Methods We conducted a pilot longitudinal study with assessments of the aforementioned factors and salivary cotinine at weeks 0, 4, and 8. Eligibility criteria included being ≥18 years old, smoking ≥25 of the last 30 days, smoking ≥5 cigarettes pe...

  1. Self-regulated Learning Behavior of College Students of Art and Their Academic Achievement

    Peng, Cuixin

    This study focuses on the relationship between self-regulated learning behavior and their academic achievement of college students of art. The results show that for students of art, the involvements in self-efficacy, intrinsic value and cognitive strategies are closely tied to their performance in the examination. However, test anxiety, as a negative emotional factor is negatively correlated with academic performance. And among the five variables, self-efficacy has the strongest influence on students of art's academic performance.

  2. Dressed for Success? The Effect of School Uniforms on Student Achievement and Behavior

    Elisabetta Gentile; Imberman, Scott A.

    2011-01-01

    Uniform use in public schools is rising, but we know little about how they affect students. Using a unique dataset from a large urban school district in the southwest United States, we assess how uniforms affect behavior, achievement and other outcomes. Each school in the district determines adoption independently, providing variation over schools and time. By including student and school fixed-effects we find evidence that uniform adoption improves attendance in secondary grades, while in el...

  3. Dressed for Success: Do School Uniforms Improve Student Behavior, Attendance, and Achievement?

    Scott Imberman; Elisabetta Gentile

    2009-01-01

    Concerns about safety in urban schools has led many school districts to require uniforms for their students. However, we know very little about what impact school uniforms have had on the educational environment. In this paper we use a unique dataset to assess how uniform adoption affects student achievement and behavior in a large urban school district in the southwest. Since each school in the district could decide independently about whether or not to adopt uniforms, we are able to use var...

  4. Social and behavioral skills and the gender gap in early educational achievement.

    Diprete, Thomas A; Jennings, Jennifer L

    2012-01-01

    Though many studies have suggested that social and behavioral skills play a central role in gender stratification processes, we know little about the extent to which these skills affect gender gaps in academic achievement. Analyzing data from the Early Child Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort, we demonstrate that social and behavioral skills have substantively important effects on academic outcomes from kindergarten through fifth grade. Gender differences in the acquisition of these skills, moreover, explain a considerable fraction of the gender gap in academic outcomes during early elementary school. Boys get roughly the same academic return to social and behavioral skills as their female peers, but girls begin school with more advanced social and behavioral skills and their skill advantage grows over time. While part of the effect may reflect an evaluation process that rewards students who better conform to school norms, our results imply that the acquisition of social and behavioral skills enhances learning as well. Our results call for a reconsideration of the family and school-level processes that produce gender gaps in social and behavioral skills and the advantages they confer for academic and later success. PMID:23017693

  5. Psychoticism and disruptive behavior can be also good predictors of school achievement.

    Flores-Mendoza, Carmen; Widaman, Keith; Mansur-Alves, Marcela; Bacelar, Tatiane Dias; Saldanha, Renata

    2013-01-01

    The relations of Gf (Standard Progressive Matrices Raven), Gc (verbal scale of Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Version), personality dimensions (Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Junior Version), and disruptive behavior (TDAH scale) with school achievement (measured by TDE test and PISA test) were investigated. Two samples of students (total N = 534) representing a broad range of socioeconomic status (SES) participated in this study. Path models were conducted. The results demonstrated that (1) in both samples no sex differences related to school achievement were found; (2) in the first sample, after controlling for age and SES differences, Gf and psychoticism predicted (.38 and -.13, respectively) school achievement (measured by TDE test); (3) in the second sample, after controlling for SES differences to which additional measures were administered, Gf and Gc positively predicted (.22 and .40, respectively) school achievement (measured by PISA test). In addition, psychoticism and disruptive behavior also predicted school performance (-.14 and -.28, respectively). Some theoretical and practical implications are discussed. PMID:23866206

  6. Educational achievement, personality, and behavior: assessment, factor structure and implications for theory and practice.

    Gaffney, Tim W; Perryman, Cassandra

    2012-01-01

    The purposes of this research were to first examine the evidence regarding the factor structure of educational achievement tests in the context of two theoretical models of cognitive ability (psychometric g and mutualism) that have been proposed to explain this structure as well as the underlying processes that may be responsible for its emergence in dimensionality studies. Then, the factor structure underlying a sample of the standardized educational achievement tests used by California in its statewide school accountability program was compared to those emerging from a selection of behavioral and personality assessments. As expected, the educational achievement tests exhibited a strong and uniformly positive manifold resulting in greater unidimensionality as evidenced by a dominant general factor in bi-factor analysis then either the personality or behavioral assessments. The implications of these structural differences are discussed with respect to the two theoretical perspective as well as in the context of formative and summative educational inferences in particular, and the school accountability and reform movement in general. PMID:22805361

  7. Adaptive regularization

    Hansen, Lars Kai; Rasmussen, Carl Edward; Svarer, C.;

    1994-01-01

    Regularization, e.g., in the form of weight decay, is important for training and optimization of neural network architectures. In this work the authors provide a tool based on asymptotic sampling theory, for iterative estimation of weight decay parameters. The basic idea is to do a gradient desce...

  8. Evaluation of university students’ academic achievements, web material using behaviors, and attendances in respect to their learning approaches in a blended learning environment

    Feza Orhan

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available In this study; in a blended learning environment, university students’ academic achievements, web material using behaviors, and attendances to the learning environment are evaluated according to their learning approaches. The subjects participated in the study were 91 university students who enrolled on ‘Instructional Technologies and Material Development’ course. The adapted Turkish version of Biggs, Kember and Leung (2001’s ‘revised 2F Study Process Questionnaire’ was used to reveal the students’ learning approaches. The findings demonstrated that student’ academic achievements, web material using behaviors, and attendances to face to face and Web based learning environments did not show statistically significant differences between deep and surface learners. The results showed that; blended learning environment has a positive effect on academic achievements, using Web based learning environments regularly and attendance to learning environments for both deep and surface learners. Based on the study results; it is recommended to blend the face to face courses with Web based learning to reach more efficient learning environments.

  9. Evaluation of university students’ academic achievements, web material using behaviors, and attendances in respect to their learning approaches in a blended learning environment

    M. Betül Yılmaz

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available In this study; in a blended learning environment, university students’ academic achievements, web material using behaviors, and attendances to the learning environment are evaluated according to their learning approaches. The subjects participated in the study were 91 university students who enrolled on ‘Instructional Technologies and Material Development’ course. The adapted Turkish version of Biggs, Kember and Leung (2001’s ‘revised 2F Study Process Questionnaire’ was used to reveal the students’ learning approaches. The findings demonstrated that student’ academic achievements, web material using behaviors, and attendances to face to face and Web based learning environments did not show statistically significant differences between deep and surface learners. The results showed that; blended learning environment has a positive effect on academic achievements, using Web based learning environments regularly and attendance to learning environments for both deep and surface learners. Based on the study results; it is recommended to blend the face to face courses with Web based learning to reach more efficient learning environments. 

  10. Long-term evolution of techno-social networks: Statistical regularities, predictability and stability of social behaviors

    Godoy-Lorite, Antonia; Sales-Pardo, Marta

    2016-01-01

    In social networks, individuals constantly drop ties and replace them by new ones in a highly unpredictable fashion. This highly dynamical nature of social ties has important implications for processes such as the spread of information or of epidemics. Several studies have demonstrated the influence of a number of factors on the intricate microscopic process of tie replacement, but the macroscopic long-term effects of such changes remain largely unexplored. Here we investigate whether, despite the inherent randomness at the microscopic level, there are macroscopic statistical regularities in the long-term evolution of social networks. In particular, we analyze the email network of a large organization with over 1,000 individuals throughout four consecutive years. We find that, although the evolution of individual ties is highly unpredictable, the macro-evolution of social communication networks follows well-defined statistical laws, characterized by exponentially decaying log-variations of the weight of socia...

  11. Perceptions of autonomy support, parent attachment, competence and self-worth as predictors of motivational orientation and academic achievement: an examination of sixth- and ninth-grade regular education students.

    Wong, Eugene H; Wiest, Dudley J; Cusick, Lisa B

    2002-01-01

    This project examined the hypothesis that students' perceptions of teacher autonomy support, parent attachment, competence, and self-worth would predict motivational orientation and achievement test performance. Participants were 135 sixth-grade and 91 ninth-grade regular education students from a large, ethnically diverse school district. Stepwise regression analyses indicated that autonomy support, parent attachment, scholastic competence, and self-worth predicted the academic criterion variables. Interestingly, scholastic competence was a significant predictor in all of the regression models. Implications of the findings are discussed in terms of classroom practices. PMID:12144158

  12. Online Self-Regulatory Learning Behaviors as a Mediator in the Relationship between Online Course Perceptions with Achievement

    Valerie Paton; Lucy Barnard; William Lan

    2008-01-01

    Positive perceptions of online course communication and collaboration have been associated with better academic outcomes, while self-regulatory learning behaviors have also been linked to academic achievement and other positive learning outcomes. In the current study, we examined whether self-regulatory learning behaviors may be considered as mediating the relationship between student perceptions of online course communication and collaboration with academic achievement as measured by grade p...

  13. Regular FPGA based on regular fabric

    In the sub-wavelength regime, design for manufacturability (DFM) becomes increasingly important for field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs). In this paper, an automated tile generation flow targeting micro-regular fabric is reported. Using a publicly accessible, well-documented academic FPGA as a case study, we found that compared to the tile generators previously reported, our generated micro-regular tile incurs less than 10% area overhead, which could be potentially recovered by process window optimization, thanks to its superior printability. In addition, we demonstrate that on 45 nm technology, the generated FPGA tile reduces lithography induced process variation by 33%, and reduce probability of failure by 21.2%. If a further overhead of 10% area can be recovered by enhanced resolution, we can achieve the variation reduction of 93.8% and reduce the probability of failure by 16.2%.

  14. Regular FPGA based on regular fabric

    Chen Xun; Zhu Jianwen; Zhang Minxuan

    2011-01-01

    In the sub-wavelength regime,design for manufacturability (DFM) becomes increasingly important for field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs).In this paper,an automated tile generation flow targeting micro-regular fabric is reported.Using a publicly accessible,well-documented academic FPGA as a case study,we found that compared to the tile generators previously reported,our generated micro-regular tile incurs less than 10% area overhead,which could be potentially recovered by process window optimization,thanks to its superior printability.In addition,we demonstrate that on 45 nm technology,the generated FPGA tile reduces lithography induced process variation by 33%,and reduce probability of failure by 21.2%.If a further overhead of 10% area can be recovered by enhanced resolution,we can achieve the variation reduction of 93.8% and reduce the probability of failure by 16.2%.

  15. Regular FPGA based on regular fabric

    Xun, Chen; Jianwen, Zhu; Minxuan, Zhang

    2011-08-01

    In the sub-wavelength regime, design for manufacturability (DFM) becomes increasingly important for field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs). In this paper, an automated tile generation flow targeting micro-regular fabric is reported. Using a publicly accessible, well-documented academic FPGA as a case study, we found that compared to the tile generators previously reported, our generated micro-regular tile incurs less than 10% area overhead, which could be potentially recovered by process window optimization, thanks to its superior printability. In addition, we demonstrate that on 45 nm technology, the generated FPGA tile reduces lithography induced process variation by 33%, and reduce probability of failure by 21.2%. If a further overhead of 10% area can be recovered by enhanced resolution, we can achieve the variation reduction of 93.8% and reduce the probability of failure by 16.2%.

  16. The Effects of the Good Behavior Game on the Conduct of Regular Education New York City High School Students

    Kleinman, Kimberly E.; Saigh, Philip A.

    2011-01-01

    The efficacy of the Good Behavior Game was examined in a multiethnic New York City public high school. Classroom rules were posted and students were divided into two teams. A reinforcement preference questionnaire was used to select daily and weekly prizes. The classroom teacher indicated that he was going to place a check on the board after every…

  17. The role of parents in the ontogeny of achievement-related motivation and behavioral choices.

    Simpkins, Sandra D

    2015-06-01

    Parents believe what they do matters. But, how does it matter? How do parents' beliefs about their children early on translate into the choices those children make as adolescents? The Eccles' expectancy–value model asserts that parents' beliefs about their children during childhood predict adolescents' achievement-related choices through a sequence of processes that operate in a cumulative, cascading fashion over time. Specifically, parents' beliefs predict parents' behaviors that predict their children's motivational beliefs. Those beliefs predict children's subsequent choices. Using data from the Childhood and Beyond Study (92% European American; N = 723), we tested these predictions in the activity domains of sports, instrumental music, mathematics, and reading across a 12-year period. In testing these predictions, we looked closely at the idea of reciprocal influences and at the role of child gender as a moderator. The cross-lagged models generally supported the bidirectional influences described in Eccles' expectancy-value model. Furthermore, the findings demonstrated that: (a) these relations were stronger in the leisure domains than in the academic domains, (b) these relations did not consistently vary based on youth gender, (c) parents were stronger predictors of their children's beliefs than vice versa, and (d) adolescents' beliefs were stronger predictors of their behaviors than the reverse. The findings presented in this monograph extend our understanding of the complexity of families, developmental processes that unfold over time, and the extent to which these processes are universal across domains and child gender. PMID:25943024

  18. Effect of regular surface textures generated by laser on tribological behavior of Si3N4/TiC ceramic

    Xing, Youqiang; Deng, Jianxin; Wu, Ze; Cheng, Hongwei

    2013-01-01

    Two kinds of regular micro-grooved textures with different geometric characteristics were fabricated on the surfaces of Si3N4/TiC ceramics by Nd:YAG laser; friction and wear tests were carried out to investigate the tribological properties of these textured ceramics in unlubricated and MoS2 lubricated conditions. The wear surfaces of the textured ceramics and the balls were examined by SEM and the possible friction reduction and wear resistant mechanisms were discussed. The results show that the friction coefficient of the textured ceramics was reduced compared with the smooth ceramics among all the experiments, the wavy grooves are the most effective in the friction-reduction among the patterns investigated, and the wear life of textured ceramics can be increased in MoS2 lubricated condition. Furthermore, it is observed that the textured ceramics produce more abrasive wear on the ball specimens in unlubricated friction, while it reduces the wear of balls in MoS2 lubricated condition. The main effect mechanism of textures is to capture debris and reduces the contact area of couples in unlubricated condition, and increase lubricant supply by reservoir creation and form the continued lubricating film on the surfaces of spacing between the textures in MoS2 solid lubricated condition.

  19. A Quantitative Assessment of the Effect of Positive Behavior Intervention and Supports on Math Achievement: A Middle School Analysis

    Keane, Marilyn N.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the relation between implementation of Positive Behavior Intervention and Supports (PBIS) and academic achievement in middle school math as measured by the Maryland State Assessment (MSA). In particular, the correlation of academic achievement in mathematics, grouped by PBIS implementation status to race, socioeconomic status…

  20. Parental Behaviors and Adolescents' Achievement Goals at the Beginning of Middle School: Emotional Problems as Potential Mediators

    Duchesne, Stephane; Ratelle, Catherine

    2010-01-01

    Recent literature on the determinants of academic motivation has shown that parenting and emotions are central elements in understanding students' achievement goals. The authors of this study set out to examine the predictive relationship between parental behaviors during the last year of elementary school and adolescents' achievement goals at the…

  1. The Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory Related to Academic Achievement and School Behavior. Interim Research Report # 23.

    Rubin, Rosalyn; And Others

    Scores on the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory were related to scores on achievement and intelligence tests, and to socioeconomic level and to teachers' ratings of student behavior, in order to test the hypothesis that student self esteem would have a positive effect on academic achievement. There was a small but statistically significant…

  2. The Utrecht Healthy School Project: Connecting adolescent health behavior, academic achievement and Health Promoting Schools

    Busch, V.

    2014-01-01

    Unhealthy behaviors contribute to the development of diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and psychiatric disorders. Most often these behaviors develop in the teenage years. This thesis addresses the following topics: (1) How do health-related behaviors cluster and affect health in adol

  3. Teachers' Behavior and Pupils' Achievement Motivation as Determinants of Intended Helping Behavior in Physical Education

    Kokkonen, Juha A.; Kokkonen, Marja T.; Telama, Risto K.; Liukkonen, Jarmo O.

    2013-01-01

    The present two-wave longitudinal study examined the extent to which physical education (PE) teachers' democratic and socially supportive behavior, pupils' goal orientations, and the perceived motivational climate in PE explained differences in pupils' intended helping behavior by gender in PE classes. The results of 105 boys and…

  4. The Utrecht Healthy School Project: Connecting adolescent health behavior, academic achievement and Health Promoting Schools

    Busch, V.

    2014-01-01

    Unhealthy behaviors contribute to the development of diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease and psychiatric disorders. Most often these behaviors develop in the teenage years. This thesis addresses the following topics: (1) How do health-related behaviors cluster and affect health in adolescents, (2) how do they affect their school performances and (3) are they improved by a Health Promoting School intervention that applies a Whole School Approach? Firstly, it was studied how healt...

  5. Dressed for Success? The Effect of School Uniforms on Student Achievement and Behavior. NBER Working Paper No. 17337

    Gentile, Elisabetta; Imberman, Scott A.

    2011-01-01

    Uniform use in public schools is rising, but we know little about how they affect students. Using a unique dataset from a large urban school district in the southwest United States, we assess how uniforms affect behavior, achievement and other outcomes. Each school in the district determines adoption independently, providing variation over schools…

  6. Academic Achievements, Behavioral Problems, and Loneliness as Predictors of Social Skills among Students with and without Learning Disorders

    Zach, Sima; Yazdi-Ugav, Orly; Zeev, Aviva

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to examine to what extent academic achievements, learning disorders, behavior problems and loneliness explain the variance of students' social skills. The differences between students diagnosed with learning disorders and students without learning disorders in all four variables were examined. Participants were 733 elementary…

  7. A Cross-Cultural Perspective of Parental Influence on Female Adolescents' Achievement Beliefs and Behaviors in Sport and School Domains

    Bhalla, Jennifer A.; Weiss, Maureen R.

    2010-01-01

    Little is known about parental socialization processes for youth participants from different cultural backgrounds. The purpose of this study was to examine parental influence on self-perceptions, task values, and achievement behaviors among female adolescents from two cultures using Eccles' expectancy-value theory (Eccles et al., 1983). Twelve…

  8. Effects of Cooperative Learning on Learning Achievement and Group Working Behavior of Junior Students in Modern French Literature Course

    Orprayoon, Soudaya

    2014-01-01

    This study reported on the results of a quasi-experimental research to explore the effectiveness of using a cooperative learning method on students' academic achievement, their group working behavior and their perception and opinions towards cooperative learning in a Modern French Literature course. The sample included twelve junior students…

  9. The Role of the Dorsal Anterior Cingulate in Evaluating Behavior for Achieving Gains and Avoiding Losses

    Magno, Elena; Simoes-Franklin, Cristina; Robertson, Ian H.; Garavan, Hugh

    2009-01-01

    Effective goal-directed behavior relies on a network of regions including anterior cingulate cortex and ventral striatum to learn from negative outcomes in order to improve performance. We employed fMRI to determine if this frontal-striatal system is also involved in instances of behavior that do not presume negative circumstances. Participants…

  10. School-Wide Positive Behavior Support: Effects on Pennsylvania High School Achievement, Discipline, and Climate

    Fox, Jon David

    2013-01-01

    Teachers and administrators are faced with managing the behaviors of students while preparing for the high stakes testing associated with the No Child Left Behind Act. One program that has demonstrated positive results at the elementary and middle school level is the school-wide positive behavior support model (SWPBS). Limited research is…

  11. The Effect of General Objectives Defined by Behavioral Objectives on Achievement in a College Zoology Course.

    Rushin, John W.; Baller, William

    1981-01-01

    Tests the effect of developmental level objectives on student achievement and efficiency in a zoology course. These objectives were found to have no significant effect on achievement, but they did significantly increase student efficiency in learning the content material of the module. (Author)

  12. The Role of Occupant Behavior in Achieving Net Zero Energy: A Demonstration Project at Fort Carson

    Judd, Kathleen S.; Sanquist, Thomas F.; Zalesny, Mary D.; Fernandez, Nicholas

    2013-09-30

    This study, sponsored by the U.S. General Services Administration’s Office of Federal High-Performance Green Buildings, aimed to understand the potential for institutional and behavioral change to enhance the performance of buildings, through a demonstration project with the Department of Defense in five green buildings on the Fort Carson, Colorado, Army base. To approach this study, the research team identified specific occupant behaviors that had the potential to save energy in each building, defined strategies that might effectively support behavior change, and implemented a coordinated set of actions during a three-month intervention.

  13. Dimensions of Principal Support Behaviors and Their Relationship to Organizational Citizenship Behaviors and Student Achievement in High Schools

    Tindle, Jennifer A.

    2012-01-01

    This research was designed with the primary purpose of identifying the dimensions of principal support perceived by public high school teachers in Virginia and identifying the relationship between principal support and organizational citizenship behaviors. In addition, this study also examined the relationship between principal support and student…

  14. USE OF VIDEOGAMES AND COMPUTER GAMES: INFLUENCES ON ATTENTION, MEMORY, ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AND PROBLEMS BEHAVIOR

    Harold Germán Rodríguez Celis; Marithza Sandoval Escobar

    2011-01-01

    This study was designed to identify the relationship between video and computergames use on attention, memory, academic performance and problemsbehavior in school children in Bogotá. Memory and attention were assessedusing a set of different scales of ENI Battery (Matute, Rosselli, Ardila, & Ostrosky-Solís, 2007). For Academic performance, school newsletters were used.Behavioral problems were assessed through the CBCL / 6 -18 questionnaire(Child Behavior Checklist) of (Achenbach & Edelbrock, ...

  15. The Effect of Achievement Badges on Students’ Behavior: An Empirical Study in a University-Level Computer Science Course

    Lasse Hakulinen

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Achievement badges are a form of gamification that are used in an attempt to increase user engagement and motivation in various systems. A badge is typically a graphical icon that appears as a reward for the user after reaching an achievement but that has no practical value. In this study, we describe and evaluate the use of achievement badges in the ANONYMOUS online learning environment where students solve interactive, automatically assessed exercises in a Data Structures and Algorithms course throughout the semester. We conducted an experiment where the students (N=281 were randomly divided into a treatment and a control group, with and without achievement badges. Students in the treatment group were awarded achievement badges, for example, for solving exercises on the first attempt, doing exercises early, or solving all the exercises in a round with full points. Grading was the same for both groups, i.e. collecting badges did not affect the final grade, even though the exercise points themselves did. Students’ activity in ANONYMOUS was logged in order to find out whether the achievement badges had an effect on their behavior. We also collected numerical and open-ended feedback in order to find out students’ attitudes towards the badges. Our results show that achievement badges can be used to affect students’ behavior. Statistically significant differences were observed in the time used per exercise, number of sessions, total time, and normalized total number of badges. Furthermore, the majority of the students reported being motivated by the badges. Based on our findings, achievement badges seem to be a promising method to motivate students and to encourage desired study practices.

  16. Adaptive regularization of earthquake slip distribution inversion

    Wang, Chisheng; Ding, Xiaoli; Li, Qingquan; Shan, Xinjian; Zhu, Jiasong; Guo, Bo; Liu, Peng

    2016-04-01

    Regularization is a routine approach used in earthquake slip distribution inversion to avoid numerically abnormal solutions. To date, most slip inversion studies have imposed uniform regularization on all the fault patches. However, adaptive regularization, where each retrieved parameter is regularized differently, has exhibited better performances in other research fields such as image restoration. In this paper, we implement an investigation into adaptive regularization for earthquake slip distribution inversion. It is found that adaptive regularization can achieve a significantly smaller mean square error (MSE) than uniform regularization, if it is set properly. We propose an adaptive regularization method based on weighted total least squares (WTLS). This approach assumes that errors exist in both the regularization matrix and observation, and an iterative algorithm is used to solve the solution. A weight coefficient is used to balance the regularization matrix residual and the observation residual. An experiment using four slip patterns was carried out to validate the proposed method. The results show that the proposed regularization method can derive a smaller MSE than uniform regularization and resolution-based adaptive regularization, and the improvement in MSE is more significant for slip patterns with low-resolution slip patches. In this paper, we apply the proposed regularization method to study the slip distribution of the 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku earthquake. The retrieved slip distribution is less smooth and more detailed than the one retrieved with the uniform regularization method, and is closer to the existing slip model from joint inversion of the geodetic and seismic data.

  17. Verbal abuse by the teacher and student classroom participation, academic achievement and problem behavior in Tbilisi public schools

    2009-01-01

    Objectives: the present study seeks to determine to what extent is the relationship between verbal abuse by a teacher, class participation, academic achievement and problem behavior in the Tbilisi public schools. Method: Survey design was used and questionnaires were administered to gather information: the “Pupils self-reporting questionnaire of verbal abuse by the teacher” was worked out in the framework of this study. Two well tested questionnaires, “The student participation questionn...

  18. Connecting Positive Psychology and Organizational Behavior Management: Achievement Motivation and the Power of Positive Reinforcement

    Wiegand, Douglas M.; Geller, E. Scott

    2005-01-01

    Positive psychology is becoming established as a reputable sub-discipline in psychology despite having neglected the role of positive reinforcement in enhancing quality of life. The authors discuss the relevance of positive reinforcement for positive psychology, with implications for broadening the content of organizational behavior management.…

  19. Sexually Harassing Behavior against Adolescent Girls in Rural Bangladesh: Implications for Achieving Millennium Development Goals

    Alam, Nurul; Roy, Swapan K.; Ahmed, Tahmeed

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the extent and type of sexually harassing behavior or intimidations unmarried adolescent girls experienced on their way to school, college or social visits and type of perpetrators in victims' view in rural Bangladesh using data of the 2004 National Nutrition Programme baseline survey. The survey collected self-reported data on…

  20. Single Parenthood, Achievement, and Problem Behavior in White, Black, and Hispanic Children

    Ricciuti, Henry N.

    2004-01-01

    The author investigated whether adverse effects of single parenthood not observed in 6-7-year-old NLSY (National Longitudinal Study of Youth) children might emerge when they reached 12-13 years of age. Outcomes included mathematics, reading, vocabulary scores, and behavior problem ratings. Little or no evidence of systematic negative effects…

  1. Associations between Early Family Risk, Children's Behavioral Regulation, and Academic Achievement in Portugal

    Cadima, Joana; Gamelas, Ana M.; McClelland, Megan; Peixoto, Carla

    2015-01-01

    Research Findings: This study examined concurrent associations between family sociodemographic risk, self-regulation, and early literacy and mathematics in young children from Azores, Portugal (N = 186). Family sociodemographic risk was indexed by low maternal education, low family income, and low occupational status. Behavioral aspects of…

  2. Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Communication and the Relationship to Student Achievement and School Size

    Henderson, Rebecca R.

    2013-01-01

    This correlational designed study allowed the researcher to examine the relationship between Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) and communication satisfaction on elementary school campuses in one suburban school district in Arizona. Furthermore, this study examined whether differences exists between the level of OCB and communication…

  3. Exploring the Complex Relations between Achievement Emotions and Self-Regulated Learning Behaviors in Online Learning

    Artino, Anthony R., Jr.; Jones, Kenneth D., II

    2012-01-01

    Online learning continues to grow, but there is limited empirical research on the personal factors that influence success in online contexts. This investigation addresses this research gap by exploring the relations between several discrete achievement-related emotions (boredom, frustration, and enjoyment) and self-regulated learning behaviors…

  4. Teacher and Principal Perceptions of How Principal Transformational and Instructional Leadership Behaviors Relate to Student Achievement

    Steele, Gayle

    2012-01-01

    Because of public concern over the effectiveness of our schools, a new evaluation system was put in place to hold principals and teachers directly accountable for student academic achievement. Part of this evaluation included student performance on state assessments. The purpose of this qualitative study sought to examine how the transformation…

  5. Using Culturally Competent Responsive Services to Improve Student Achievement and Behavior

    Schellenberg, Rita; Grothaus, Tim

    2011-01-01

    This article illustrates standards blending, the integration of core academic and school counseling standards, as a culturally alert responsive services strategy to assist in closing the achievement gap while also enhancing employability skills and culturally salient career competencies. The responsive services intervention described in this…

  6. Dimensional regularization is generic

    Fujikawa, Kazuo

    2016-01-01

    The absence of the quadratic divergence in the Higgs sector of the Standard Model in the dimensional regularization is usually regarded to be an exceptional property of a specific regularization. To understand what is going on in the dimensional regularization, we illustrate how to reproduce the results of the dimensional regularization for the $\\lambda\\phi^{4}$ theory in the more conventional regularization such as the higher derivative regularization; the basic postulate involved is that th...

  7. Maternal IQ, Child IQ, behavior and achievement in urban 5–7 year olds

    Chen, Aimin; Schwarz, Donald; Radcliffe, Jerilynn; Rogan, Walter J.

    2006-01-01

    In one study of children in 27 families with maternal retardation, those children with higher IQ were more likely to have multiple behavior problems than those with lower IQ. If true, this result would affect clinical practice, but it has not been replicated. Since the setting of the initial observation is similar to the setting of childhood lead poisoning, we attempted a replication using data from the Treatment of Lead-exposed Children (TLC) study, in which 780 children aged 12–33 months wi...

  8. The Temporal Effects of Divorces and Separations on Children’s Academic Achievement and Problem Behavior

    Arkes, Jeremy

    2014-01-01

    This paper provides an examination of the effects of the divorce and separation process on children’s academic achievement over time. By using child fixed effects and establishing a baseline period that is 4-or-more years prior to a family disruption, I can examine how children are affected in different periods relative to the disruption and whether any negative effects subside, persist, or escalate as time passes from the disruption. With a sample of 7-14 year olds, I find: children are affe...

  9. FISCAL POLICY OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA: ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE FISCAL CONTROL AND ENTITY BEHAVIOR

    Olimpiu GHERMAN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available It is an actual theme, determined by achievements of tax control in Moldova and its impact on the behaviour of the entity as important elements of fiscal policy. There are examined different methods for differentiating the problem, supplemented by deduction, induction, synthesis, analysis of defining phenomena of fiscal policy and its elements. The methodology used in this study is based on assessments of the theory, studies and interpretations of specialized literature and analyzes the practical activities specific for taxation at national, European and international levels, depending on which some opinions, conclusions and proposals were founded and formulated, to minimize the impact of tax evasion and fraud.

  10. Sex differences in cognitive regulation of psychosocial achievement stress: brain and behavior.

    Kogler, Lydia; Gur, Ruben C; Derntl, Birgit

    2015-03-01

    Although cognitive regulation of emotion has been extensively examined, there is a lack of studies assessing cognitive regulation in stressful achievement situations. This study used functional magnetic resonance imaging in 23 females and 20 males to investigate cognitive downregulation of negative, stressful sensations during a frequently used psychosocial stress task. Additionally, subjective responses, cognitive regulation strategies, salivary cortisol, and skin conductance response were assessed. Subjective response supported the experimental manipulation by showing higher anger and negative affect ratings after stress regulation than after the mere exposure to stress. On a neural level, right middle frontal gyrus (MFG) and right superior temporal gyrus (STG) were more strongly activated during regulation than nonregulation, whereas the hippocampus was less activated during regulation. Sex differences were evident: after regulation females expressed higher subjective stress ratings than males, and these ratings were associated with right hippocampal activation. In the nonregulation block, females showed greater activation of the left amygdala and the right STG during stress than males while males recruited the putamen more robustly in this condition. Thus, cognitive regulation of stressful achievement situations seems to induce additional stress, to recruit regions implicated in attention integration and working memory and to deactivate memory retrieval. Stress itself is associated with greater activation of limbic as well as attention areas in females than males. Additionally, activation of the memory system during cognitive regulation of stress is associated with greater perceived stress in females. Sex differences in cognitive regulation strategies merit further investigation that can guide sex sensitive interventions for stress-associated disorders. PMID:25376429

  11. An Analysis of Java Programming Behaviors, Affect, Perceptions, and Syntax Errors among Low-Achieving, Average, and High-Achieving Novice Programmers

    Rodrigo, Ma. Mercedes T.; Andallaza, Thor Collin S.; Castro, Francisco Enrique Vicente G.; Armenta, Marc Lester V.; Dy, Thomas T.; Jadud, Matthew C.

    2013-01-01

    In this article we quantitatively and qualitatively analyze a sample of novice programmer compilation log data, exploring whether (or how) low-achieving, average, and high-achieving students vary in their grasp of these introductory concepts. High-achieving students self-reported having the easiest time learning the introductory programming…

  12. The Financial Debacle Necessitates a Systematic Approach to Achieving Ethical Behavior in the Corporate Workplace

    Clifton Clarke

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The current vitriolic discourse over the financial scandals implicating Wall Street and its satellite institutions dictates a fresh look at strategies intended to eradicate or prevent unethical practices in business activities. The spate of recently published unethical behavior among business executives in the United States confirms, unequivocally, that past and current strategies have failed. This paper reviews and evaluates the impact of some of these strategies. It found that the strategies focus on legislation, written corporate codes of ethics and assorted activities in business schools. It found that these strategies are largely isolated and missed the fact that unethical business conduct is systemic, reflecting the ethical lapses of two systems: a public system (consisting of governmental bodies, business schools, and the general citizenry and a corporate system (consisting of boards of directors, executives, managers and employees. It found that there is a significant gap between the rhetoric of corporate executives and their attention to unethical conduct in the workplace. It concludes that isolated legislative actions, apathetic business schools’ policies, complacent and complicit corporate boards, contribute to the failure. It also concludes that, the implementation of business ethics in the workplace requires a transformation of attitude within and between these systems and posits that a system approach is the only strategy that can successfully transform these systems and that business schools are uniquely capable of leading this transformation.

  13. Features and regularities in behavior of thermoelectric properties of rare-earth, transition, and other metals under high pressure up to 20 GPa

    We report results of systematic investigations of the thermoelectric properties of a number of rare-earth metals, transition metals, and other metals under high pressure up to 20 GPa at room temperature. We studied an effect of applied pressure on the Seebeck effect of scandium (Sc), yttrium (Y), lanthanum (La), europium (Eu), ytterbium (Yb), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), chromium (Cr), gold (Au), tin (Sn), and CeNi alloy. We found that the high-pressure behavior of the thermopower of three rare-earth metals, namely, Sc, Y, and La, follows a general trend that has been established earlier in lanthanides, and addressed to a s → d electron transfer. Europium and ytterbium, on the contrary, showed a peculiar high-pressure behavior of the thermopower with peaks at near 0.7–1 GPa for Eu and 1.7–2.5 GPa for Yb. Chromium, manganese, and tin demonstrated a gradual and pronounced lowering of the absolute value of the thermopower with pressure. Above 9–11 GPa, the Seebeck coefficients of Mn and Sn were inverted, from n- to p-type for Mn and from p- to n-type for Sn. The Seebeck effect in iron was rather high as ∼16 μV/K and weakly varied with pressure up to ∼11 GPa. Above ∼11 GPa, it started to drop dramatically with pressure to highest pressure achieved 18 GPa. Upon decompression cycle the thermopower of iron returned to the original high values but demonstrated a wide hysteresis loop. We related this behavior in iron to the known bcc (α-Fe) → hcp (ε-Fe) phase transition, and proposed that the thermoelectricity of the α-Fe phase is mainly contributed by the spin Seebeck effect, likewise, the thermoelectricity of the ε-Fe phase—by the conventional diffusion thermopower. We compare the pressure dependencies of the thermopower for different groups of metals and figure out some general trends in the thermoelectricity of metals under applied stress

  14. Features and regularities in behavior of thermoelectric properties of rare-earth, transition, and other metals under high pressure up to 20 GPa

    Morozova, Natalia V.; Shchennikov, Vladimir V. [M. N. Miheev Institute of Metal Physics of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 18 S. Kovalevskaya Str., Yekaterinburg 620137 (Russian Federation); Ovsyannikov, Sergey V., E-mail: sergey.ovsyannikov@uni-bayreuth.de, E-mail: sergey2503@gmail.com [Bayerisches Geoinstitut, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstrasse 30, Bayreuth D-95447 (Germany); Institute for Solid State Chemistry of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 91 Pervomayskaya Str., Yekaterinburg 620990 (Russian Federation)

    2015-12-14

    We report results of systematic investigations of the thermoelectric properties of a number of rare-earth metals, transition metals, and other metals under high pressure up to 20 GPa at room temperature. We studied an effect of applied pressure on the Seebeck effect of scandium (Sc), yttrium (Y), lanthanum (La), europium (Eu), ytterbium (Yb), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), chromium (Cr), gold (Au), tin (Sn), and CeNi alloy. We found that the high-pressure behavior of the thermopower of three rare-earth metals, namely, Sc, Y, and La, follows a general trend that has been established earlier in lanthanides, and addressed to a s → d electron transfer. Europium and ytterbium, on the contrary, showed a peculiar high-pressure behavior of the thermopower with peaks at near 0.7–1 GPa for Eu and 1.7–2.5 GPa for Yb. Chromium, manganese, and tin demonstrated a gradual and pronounced lowering of the absolute value of the thermopower with pressure. Above 9–11 GPa, the Seebeck coefficients of Mn and Sn were inverted, from n- to p-type for Mn and from p- to n-type for Sn. The Seebeck effect in iron was rather high as ∼16 μV/K and weakly varied with pressure up to ∼11 GPa. Above ∼11 GPa, it started to drop dramatically with pressure to highest pressure achieved 18 GPa. Upon decompression cycle the thermopower of iron returned to the original high values but demonstrated a wide hysteresis loop. We related this behavior in iron to the known bcc (α-Fe) → hcp (ε-Fe) phase transition, and proposed that the thermoelectricity of the α-Fe phase is mainly contributed by the spin Seebeck effect, likewise, the thermoelectricity of the ε-Fe phase—by the conventional diffusion thermopower. We compare the pressure dependencies of the thermopower for different groups of metals and figure out some general trends in the thermoelectricity of metals under applied stress.

  15. Hamiltonian Strongly Regular Graphs

    Brouwer, A.E.; Haemers, W.H.

    2008-01-01

    We give a sufficient condition for a distance-regular graph to be Hamiltonian. In particular, the Petersen graph is the only connected non-Hamiltonian strongly regular graph on fewer than 99 vertices.

  16. Supersymmetric dimensional regularization

    A generalized scheme of dimensional regularization which preserves supersymmetry is proposed. The scheme is applicable to all supersymmetric theories. Two models with extended supersymmetry are considered. The Slavnov naive supersymmetric identities are shown to hold at a dimensional regularized level

  17. NOETHERIAN GR-REGULAR RINGS ARE REGULAR

    LIHUISHI

    1994-01-01

    It is proved that for a left Noetherian z-graded ring A,if every finitely generated graded A-module has finite projective dimension(i.e-,A is gr-regular)then every finitely generated A-module has finite projective dimension(i.e.,A is regular).Some applications of this result to filtered rings and some classical cases are also given.

  18. Regular Moderate or Intense Exercise Prevents Depression-Like Behavior without Change of Hippocampal Tryptophan Content in Chronically Tryptophan-Deficient and Stressed Mice

    Lee, Hosung; Ohno, Makoto; Ohta, Shigeo; Mikami, Toshio

    2013-01-01

    Regular exercise has an antidepressant effect in human subjects. Studies using animals have suggested that the antidepressant effect of exercise is attributable to an increase of brain 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT); however, the precise mechanism underlying the antidepressant action via exercise is unclear. In contrast, the effect of 5-HT on antidepressant activity has not been clarified, in part because the therapeutic response to antidepressant drugs has a time lag in spite of the rapid increa...

  19. Regular Expression Pocket Reference

    Stubblebine, Tony

    2007-01-01

    This handy little book offers programmers a complete overview of the syntax and semantics of regular expressions that are at the heart of every text-processing application. Ideal as a quick reference, Regular Expression Pocket Reference covers the regular expression APIs for Perl 5.8, Ruby (including some upcoming 1.9 features), Java, PHP, .NET and C#, Python, vi, JavaScript, and the PCRE regular expression libraries. This concise and easy-to-use reference puts a very powerful tool for manipulating text and data right at your fingertips. Composed of a mixture of symbols and text, regular exp

  20. Deforming regular black holes

    Neves, J C S

    2015-01-01

    In this work, we have deformed regular black holes which possess a general mass term described by a function which generalizes the Bardeen and Hayward mass terms. Using linear constraints in the energy-momentum tensor, the solutions are either regular or singular. That is, with this approach, it is possible to generate singular black holes from regular black holes and vice versa. Moreover, contrary to the Bardeen and Hayward regular solutions, the regular deformed metrics may violate the weak energy condition despite the presence of the spherical symmetry. Some comments on accretion of deformed black holes in cosmological scenarios are made.

  1. Dimensional regularization is generic

    Fujikawa, Kazuo

    2016-01-01

    The absence of the quadratic divergence in the Higgs sector of the Standard Model in the dimensional regularization is usually regarded to be an exceptional property of a specific regularization. To understand what is going on in the dimensional regularization, we illustrate how to reproduce the results of the dimensional regularization for the $\\lambda\\phi^{4}$ theory in the more conventional regularization such as the higher derivative regularization; the basic postulate involved is that the quadratically divergent induced mass, which is independent of the scale change of the physical mass, is kinematical and unphysical. This is consistent with the derivation of the Callan-Symanzik equation, which is a comparison of two theories with slightly different masses, for the $\\lambda\\phi^{4}$ theory without encountering the quadratic divergence. We thus suggest that the dimensional regularization is generic in a bottom-up approach starting with a successful low-energy theory. We also define a modified version of t...

  2. Regularity of eigenstates in regular Mourre theory

    Møller, Jacob Schach; Westrich, Matthias

    2011-01-01

    . The only requirement is Ck+1(A) regularity of H. Regarding integer k, our result is optimal. Under a natural boundedness assumption of the multiple commutators we prove that the eigenstate ‘dilated’ by exp(iθA) is analytic in a strip around the real axis. In particular, the eigenstate is an analytic...

  3. The relationship among teacher classroom management behavior, student engagement, and student achievement of middle and high school science students of varying aptitude

    McGarity, John R., Jr.; Butts, David P.

    This study was designed to determine the relationship among teacher classroom management behavior, student engagement, and student achievement of middle and high school science students. These variables were investigated across varying levels of academic aptitude. Two week long units were taught by 30 experienced science teachers. During this period of time teacher classroom management behavior, student achievement (n = 570), student engagement (n = 269), and student academic aptitude (n = 649) were measured. Twelve selected management indicators from Georgia Teachers Performance Assessment Indicators (TPAI) were used to measure teacher classroom management behaviors. Regression analysis was used to determine the relationship between the variables, and appropriate post hoc procedures were used. Analyses showed that there was a significant relationship among all variables. Post hoc analysis showed that these results were consistent across levels of aptitude. Other relationships found were between student engagement and achievement, student aptitude and achievement, and student aptitude and engagement. Correlation coefficients were obtained for each individual management indicators. Those particular management behaviors which were correlated with achievement and engagement are: identifies students who do not understand directions and helps them individually, maintains learner involvement in lessons, reinforces and encourages the efforts of learners to maintain involvement, attends to routine tasks, uses instructional time efficiently, provides feedback to learners about their behavior, manages disruptive behavior among learners.

  4. Extending the theory of planned behavior: the role of self and social influences in predicting adolescent regular moderate-to-vigorous physical activity.

    Hamilton, Kyra; White, Katherine M

    2008-02-01

    The current study aimed to test the validity of an extended theory of planned behavior model (TPB; Ajzen, 1991), incorporating additional self and social influences, for predicting adolescent moderate-to-vigorous physical activity. Participants (N = 423) completed an initial questionnaire that assessed the standard TPB constructs of attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control, as well as past behavior, self-identity, and the additional social influence variables of group norms, family social support, friends' social support, and social provisions. One week after completion of the main questionnaire, participants completed a follow-up questionnaire that assessed self-reported physical activity during the previous week. The standard TPB variable--past behavior, self-identity, and group norms, but not social support influences--predicted intentions, with intention, past behavior, and self-identity predicting behavior. Overall, the results provide support for an extended version of the TPB incorporating self-identity and those social influences linked explicitly to membership of a behaviorally relevant reference group. PMID:18369243

  5. Low power implementation of datapath using regularity

    LAI Li-ya; LIU Peng

    2005-01-01

    Datapath accounts for a considerable part of power consumption in VLSI circuit design. This paper presents a method for physical implementation of datapath to achieve low power consumption. Regularity is a characteristic of datapath and the key of the proposed method, where synthesis is tightly combined with placement to make full use of regularity, so that low power consumption is achieved. In This paper, a new concept of Synthesis In Relative Placement (SIRP) is given to deal with the semi-regularity in some datapath. Experimental results of a sample circuit validated the proposed method.

  6. Regular expressions cookbook

    Goyvaerts, Jan

    2009-01-01

    This cookbook provides more than 100 recipes to help you crunch data and manipulate text with regular expressions. Every programmer can find uses for regular expressions, but their power doesn't come worry-free. Even seasoned users often suffer from poor performance, false positives, false negatives, or perplexing bugs. Regular Expressions Cookbook offers step-by-step instructions for some of the most common tasks involving this tool, with recipes for C#, Java, JavaScript, Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, and VB.NET. With this book, you will: Understand the basics of regular expressions through a

  7. Coarse- and fine-grid numerical behavior of MRT/TRT lattice-Boltzmann schemes in regular and random sphere packings

    Khirevich, Siarhei; Ginzburg, Irina; Tallarek, Ulrich

    2015-01-01

    We analyze the intrinsic impact of free-tunable combinations of the relaxation rates controlling viscosity-independent accuracy of the multiple-relaxation-times (MRT) lattice-Boltzmann models. Preserving all MRT degrees of freedom, we formulate the parametrization conditions which enable the MRT schemes to provide viscosity-independent truncation errors for steady state solutions, and support them with the second- and third-order accurate ("linear" and "parabolic", respectively) boundary schemes. The parabolic schemes demonstrate the advanced accuracy with weak dependency on the relaxation rates, as confirmed by the simulations with the D3Q15 model in three regular arrays (SC, BCC, FCC) of touching spheres. Yet, the low-order, bounce-back boundary rule remains appealing for pore-scale simulations where the precise distance to the boundaries is undetermined. However, the effective accuracy of the bounce-back crucially depends on the free-tunable combinations of the relaxation rates. We find that the combinations of the kinematic viscosity rate with the available "ghost" antisymmetric collision mode rates mainly impact the accuracy of the bounce-back scheme. As the first step, we reduce them to the one combination (presented by so-called "magic" parameter Λ in the frame of the two-relaxation-times (TRT) model), and study its impact on the accuracy of the drag force/permeability computations with the D3Q19 velocity set in two different, dense, random packings of 8000 spheres each. We also run the simulations in the regular (BCC and FCC) packings of the same porosity for the broad range of the discretization resolutions, ranging from 5 to 750 lattice nodes per sphere diameter. A special attention is given to the discretization procedure resulting in significantly reduced scatter of the data obtained at low resolutions. The results reveal the identical Λ-dependency versus the discretization resolution in all four packings, regular and random. While very small

  8. Increasing On-Task Behavior in Students in a Regular Classroom: Effectiveness of a Self-Management Procedure Using a Tactile Prompt

    Moore, Dennis W.; Anderson, Angelika; Glassenbury, Michele; Lang, Russell; Didden, Robert

    2013-01-01

    Self-management strategies have been shown to be widely effective. However, limited classroom-based research exists involving low performing but developmentally normal high school-aged participants. This study examined the effectiveness of a self-management strategy aimed at increasing on-task behavior in general education classrooms with students…

  9. Self-Management for Primary School Students Demonstrating Problem Behavior in Regular Classrooms: Evidence Review of Single-Case Design Research

    Busacca, Margherita L.; Anderson, Angelika; Moore, Dennis W.

    2015-01-01

    This review evaluates self-management literature targeting problem behaviors of primary school students in general education settings. Thirty-one single-case design studies met inclusion criteria, of which 16 demonstrated adequate methodological rigor, according to What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) design standards. Visual analysis and WWC…

  10. The Effects of the Children Having Incarcerated Parents Succeeding Group on Delinquent Behavior, Academic Achievement, Self-Esteem, Attendance and Aggressive Behavior with Seventh and Eighth Grade Students Who Have Incarcerated Parents or Guardians

    King-White, Dakota L.

    2012-01-01

    A sample of middle school students was investigated to determine whether an intervention group called Children Having Incarcerated Parents (C.H.I.P.S.; King-White & Lipford-Sanders, 2007) was an effective intervention for delinquent behavior, academic achievement, self-esteem, attendance, and aggressive behavior in children of incarcerated…

  11. Maximum mutual information regularized classification

    Wang, Jim Jing-Yan

    2014-09-07

    In this paper, a novel pattern classification approach is proposed by regularizing the classifier learning to maximize mutual information between the classification response and the true class label. We argue that, with the learned classifier, the uncertainty of the true class label of a data sample should be reduced by knowing its classification response as much as possible. The reduced uncertainty is measured by the mutual information between the classification response and the true class label. To this end, when learning a linear classifier, we propose to maximize the mutual information between classification responses and true class labels of training samples, besides minimizing the classification error and reducing the classifier complexity. An objective function is constructed by modeling mutual information with entropy estimation, and it is optimized by a gradient descend method in an iterative algorithm. Experiments on two real world pattern classification problems show the significant improvements achieved by maximum mutual information regularization.

  12. Regular Expression Containment

    Henglein, Fritz; Nielsen, Lasse

    2011-01-01

    We present a new sound and complete axiomatization of regular expression containment. It consists of the conventional axiomatiza- tion of concatenation, alternation, empty set and (the singleton set containing) the empty string as an idempotent semiring, the fixed- point rule E* = 1 + E × E* for...... Kleene-star, and a general coin- duction rule as the only additional rule. Our axiomatization gives rise to a natural computational inter- pretation of regular expressions as simple types that represent parse trees, and of containment proofs as coercions. This gives the axiom- atization a Curry......-Howard-style constructive interpretation: Con- tainment proofs do not only certify a language-theoretic contain- ment, but, under our computational interpretation, constructively transform a membership proof of a string in one regular expres- sion into a membership proof of the same string in another regular expression. We...

  13. Regularized maximum correntropy machine

    Wang, Jim Jing-Yan

    2015-02-12

    In this paper we investigate the usage of regularized correntropy framework for learning of classifiers from noisy labels. The class label predictors learned by minimizing transitional loss functions are sensitive to the noisy and outlying labels of training samples, because the transitional loss functions are equally applied to all the samples. To solve this problem, we propose to learn the class label predictors by maximizing the correntropy between the predicted labels and the true labels of the training samples, under the regularized Maximum Correntropy Criteria (MCC) framework. Moreover, we regularize the predictor parameter to control the complexity of the predictor. The learning problem is formulated by an objective function considering the parameter regularization and MCC simultaneously. By optimizing the objective function alternately, we develop a novel predictor learning algorithm. The experiments on two challenging pattern classification tasks show that it significantly outperforms the machines with transitional loss functions.

  14. Recurrent Neural Network Regularization

    Zaremba, Wojciech; Sutskever, Ilya; Vinyals, Oriol

    2014-01-01

    We present a simple regularization technique for Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs) with Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) units. Dropout, the most successful technique for regularizing neural networks, does not work well with RNNs and LSTMs. In this paper, we show how to correctly apply dropout to LSTMs, and show that it substantially reduces overfitting on a variety of tasks. These tasks include language modeling, speech recognition, image caption generation, and machine translation.

  15. Regularities of Multifractal Measures

    Hun Ki Baek

    2008-05-01

    First, we prove the decomposition theorem for the regularities of multifractal Hausdorff measure and packing measure in $\\mathbb{R}^d$. This decomposition theorem enables us to split a set into regular and irregular parts, so that we can analyze each separately, and recombine them without affecting density properties. Next, we give some properties related to multifractal Hausdorff and packing densities. Finally, we extend the density theorem in [6] to any measurable set.

  16. Accretion onto Some Well-Known Regular Black Holes

    Jawad, Abdul

    2016-01-01

    In this work, we discuss the accretion onto static spherical symmetric regular black holes for specific choices of equation of state parameter. The underlying regular black holes are charged regular black hole using Fermi-Dirac Distribution, logistic distribution, nonlinear electrodynamics, respectively and Kehagias-Sftesos asymptotically flat regular black hole. We obtain the critical radius, critical speed and squared sound speed during the accretion process near the regular black holes. We also study the behavior of radial velocity, energy density and rate of change of mass for each regular black holes.

  17. Accretion onto some well-known regular black holes

    In this work, we discuss the accretion onto static spherically symmetric regular black holes for specific choices of the equation of state parameter. The underlying regular black holes are charged regular black holes using the Fermi-Dirac distribution, logistic distribution, nonlinear electrodynamics, respectively, and Kehagias-Sftesos asymptotically flat regular black holes. We obtain the critical radius, critical speed, and squared sound speed during the accretion process near the regular black holes. We also study the behavior of radial velocity, energy density, and the rate of change of the mass for each of the regular black holes. (orig.)

  18. Accretion onto some well-known regular black holes

    Jawad, Abdul; Shahzad, M.U. [COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Department of Mathematics, Lahore (Pakistan)

    2016-03-15

    In this work, we discuss the accretion onto static spherically symmetric regular black holes for specific choices of the equation of state parameter. The underlying regular black holes are charged regular black holes using the Fermi-Dirac distribution, logistic distribution, nonlinear electrodynamics, respectively, and Kehagias-Sftesos asymptotically flat regular black holes. We obtain the critical radius, critical speed, and squared sound speed during the accretion process near the regular black holes. We also study the behavior of radial velocity, energy density, and the rate of change of the mass for each of the regular black holes. (orig.)

  19. Accretion onto some well-known regular black holes

    Jawad, Abdul; Shahzad, M. Umair

    2016-03-01

    In this work, we discuss the accretion onto static spherically symmetric regular black holes for specific choices of the equation of state parameter. The underlying regular black holes are charged regular black holes using the Fermi-Dirac distribution, logistic distribution, nonlinear electrodynamics, respectively, and Kehagias-Sftesos asymptotically flat regular black holes. We obtain the critical radius, critical speed, and squared sound speed during the accretion process near the regular black holes. We also study the behavior of radial velocity, energy density, and the rate of change of the mass for each of the regular black holes.

  20. Regularized degenerate multi-solitons

    Correa, Francisco

    2016-01-01

    We report complex PT-symmetric multi-soliton solutions to the Korteweg de-Vries equation that asymptotically contain one-soliton solutions, with each of them possessing the same amount of finite real energy. We demonstrate how these solutions originate from degenerate energy solutions of the Schroedinger equation. Technically this is achieved by the application of Darboux-Crum transformations involving Jordan states with suitable regularizing shifts. Alternatively they may be constructed from a limiting process within the context Hirota's direct method or on a nonlinear superposition obtained from multiple Baecklund transformations. The proposed procedure is completely generic and also applicable to other types of nonlinear integrable systems.

  1. The Effects of Maternal Parenting Style and Religious Commitment on Self-Regulation, Academic Achievement, and Risk Behavior among African-American Parochial College Students

    Abar, Beau; Carter, Kermit L.; Winsler, Adam

    2009-01-01

    This study explored relations between religiosity, both parent and student, and maternal parenting style and student academic self-regulation, academic achievement, and risk behavior among African-American youth attending a parochial college. Eighty-five students completed self-report survey measures of religiosity, self-regulation, academic…

  2. Health Behavior and Academic Achievement among Adolescents: The Relative Contribution of Dietary Habits, Physical Activity, Body Mass Index, and Self-Esteem

    Kristjansson, Alfgeir Logi; Sigfusdottir, Inga Dora; Allegrante, John P.

    2010-01-01

    This study tested a structural equation model to estimate the relationship between health behaviors, body mass index (BMI), and self-esteem and the academic achievement of adolescents. The authors analyzed survey data from the 2000 study of "Youth in Iceland", a population-based, cross-sectional sample of 6,346 adolescents in Iceland. The model…

  3. Maternal Work Early in the Lives of Children and Its Distal Associations with Achievement and Behavior Problems: A Meta-Analysis

    Lucas-Thompson, Rachel G.; Goldberg, Wendy A.; Prause, JoAnn

    2010-01-01

    This meta-analysis of 69 studies (1,483 effect sizes) used random effects models to examine maternal employment during infancy/early childhood in relation to 2 major domains of child functioning: achievement and behavior problems. Analyses of studies that spanned 5 decades indicated that, with a few exceptions, early employment was not…

  4. Relationships between Perceived Parental Involvement in Homework, Student Homework Behaviors, and Academic Achievement: Differences among Elementary, Junior High, and High School Students

    Núñez, J. C.; Suárez, N.; Rosário, P.; Vallejo, G.; Valle, A.; Epstein, J. L.

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to produce a deeper understanding of the relationship between perceived parental homework involvement (i.e., parental homework control and parental homework support), student homework behaviors (i.e., time spend on homework completion, time management, and amount of homework completed), and student academic achievement. Using…

  5. Pairing effect and misleading regularity

    Al-Sayed, A.

    2015-11-01

    We study the nearest neighbor spacing distribution of energy levels of even-even nuclei classified according to their reduced electric quadrupole transition probability B (E2) ↑ using the available experimental data. We compare between Brody, and Abul-Magd distributions that extract the degree of chaoticity within nuclear dynamics. The results show that Abul-Magd parameter f can represents the chaotic behavior in more acceptable way than Brody, especially if a statistically significant study is desired. A smooth transition from chaos to order is observed as B (E2) ↑ increases. An apparent regularity was located at the second interval, namely: at 0.05 ≤ B (E2) Weisskopf unit. Finally, the chaotic behavior parameterized in terms of B (E2) ↑ does not depend on the unit used.

  6. Language Skills, Mathematical Thinking, and Achievement Motivation in Children with ADHD, Disruptive Behavior Disorders, and Normal Controls

    Gut, Janine; Heckmann, Carmen; Meyer, Christine Sandra; Schmid, Marc; Grob, Alexander

    2012-01-01

    Recent models of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suggest that the association between achievement motivation and school performance may be stronger in children with ADHD than in typically developing children. Therefore, the present study investigated associations between achievement motivation and performance on language skills and…

  7. Regularization of current algebra

    Mickelsson, J

    1993-01-01

    In this talk I want to explain the operator substractions needed to regularize gauge currents in a second quantized theory. The case of space-time dimension $3+1$ is considered in detail. In presence of chiral fermions the regularization effects a modification of the local commutation relations of the currents by local Schwinger terms. In $1+1$ dimensions one gets the usual central extension (Schwinger term does not depend on background gauge field) whereas in $3+1$ dimensions one gets an anomaly linear in the background potential.

  8. Regularity of Bound States

    Faupin, Jeremy; Møller, Jacob Schach; Skibsted, Erik

    2011-01-01

    We study regularity of bound states pertaining to embedded eigenvalues of a self-adjoint operator H, with respect to an auxiliary operator A that is conjugate to H in the sense of Mourre. We work within the framework of singular Mourre theory which enables us to deal with confined massless Pauli......–Fierz models, our primary example, and many-body AC-Stark Hamiltonians. In the simpler context of regular Mourre theory, our results boil down to an improvement of results obtained recently in [8, 9]....

  9. Regular subspaces of Dirichlet forms

    Li, Liping; Ying, Jiangang

    2015-01-01

    The regular subspaces of a Dirichlet form are the regular Dirichlet forms that inherit the original form but possess smaller domains. The two problems we are concerned are: (1) the existence of regular subspaces of a fixed Dirichlet form, (2) the characterization of the regular subspaces if exists. In this paper, we will first research the structure of regular subspaces for a fixed Dirichlet form. The main results indicate that the jumping and killing measures of each regular subspace are jus...

  10. Maternal work early in the lives of children and its distal associations with achievement and behavior problems: a meta-analysis.

    Lucas-Thompson, Rachel G; Goldberg, Wendy A; Prause, JoAnn

    2010-11-01

    This meta-analysis of 69 studies (1,483 effect sizes) used random effects models to examine maternal employment during infancy/early childhood in relation to 2 major domains of child functioning: achievement and behavior problems. Analyses of studies that spanned 5 decades indicated that, with a few exceptions, early employment was not significantly associated with later achievement or internalizing/externalizing behaviors. The exceptions were for teacher ratings of achievement and internalizing behaviors: Employment was associated with higher achievement and fewer internalizing behaviors. Substantial heterogeneity among the effect sizes prompted examination of moderators. Sample-level moderator analyses pointed to the importance of socioeconomic and contextual variables, with early employment most beneficial when families were challenged by single parenthood or welfare status. Maternal employment during Years 2 and 3 was associated with higher achievement. Some moderator analyses indicated negative effects of employment for middle-class and 2-parent families and for very early employment (child's first year). Associations also differed depending on whether effect sizes were adjusted for contextual variables. Only 1 study-level moderator (sex of first author) was significant after adjusting for other moderators. The small effect size and primarily nonsignificant results for main effects of early maternal employment should allay concerns about mothers working when children are young. However, negative findings associated with employment during the child's first year are compatible with calls for more generous maternal leave policies. Results highlight the importance of social context for identifying under which conditions and for which subgroups early maternal employment is associated with positive or negative child outcomes. PMID:20919797

  11. Multiple graph regularized protein domain ranking

    Wang Jim

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Protein domain ranking is a fundamental task in structural biology. Most protein domain ranking methods rely on the pairwise comparison of protein domains while neglecting the global manifold structure of the protein domain database. Recently, graph regularized ranking that exploits the global structure of the graph defined by the pairwise similarities has been proposed. However, the existing graph regularized ranking methods are very sensitive to the choice of the graph model and parameters, and this remains a difficult problem for most of the protein domain ranking methods. Results To tackle this problem, we have developed the Multiple Graph regularized Ranking algorithm, MultiG-Rank. Instead of using a single graph to regularize the ranking scores, MultiG-Rank approximates the intrinsic manifold of protein domain distribution by combining multiple initial graphs for the regularization. Graph weights are learned with ranking scores jointly and automatically, by alternately minimizing an objective function in an iterative algorithm. Experimental results on a subset of the ASTRAL SCOP protein domain database demonstrate that MultiG-Rank achieves a better ranking performance than single graph regularized ranking methods and pairwise similarity based ranking methods. Conclusion The problem of graph model and parameter selection in graph regularized protein domain ranking can be solved effectively by combining multiple graphs. This aspect of generalization introduces a new frontier in applying multiple graphs to solving protein domain ranking applications.

  12. Multiple graph regularized protein domain ranking

    Wang, Jim Jing-Yan

    2012-11-19

    Background: Protein domain ranking is a fundamental task in structural biology. Most protein domain ranking methods rely on the pairwise comparison of protein domains while neglecting the global manifold structure of the protein domain database. Recently, graph regularized ranking that exploits the global structure of the graph defined by the pairwise similarities has been proposed. However, the existing graph regularized ranking methods are very sensitive to the choice of the graph model and parameters, and this remains a difficult problem for most of the protein domain ranking methods.Results: To tackle this problem, we have developed the Multiple Graph regularized Ranking algorithm, MultiG-Rank. Instead of using a single graph to regularize the ranking scores, MultiG-Rank approximates the intrinsic manifold of protein domain distribution by combining multiple initial graphs for the regularization. Graph weights are learned with ranking scores jointly and automatically, by alternately minimizing an objective function in an iterative algorithm. Experimental results on a subset of the ASTRAL SCOP protein domain database demonstrate that MultiG-Rank achieves a better ranking performance than single graph regularized ranking methods and pairwise similarity based ranking methods.Conclusion: The problem of graph model and parameter selection in graph regularized protein domain ranking can be solved effectively by combining multiple graphs. This aspect of generalization introduces a new frontier in applying multiple graphs to solving protein domain ranking applications. 2012 Wang et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

  13. Assessing learning achievement, time effort, learning approaches and tempo during learning within the experiment-based behavioral task LAsO – reliability and incremental validity

    REBECCA FILL GIORDANO

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The assessment of aspects of learning potential like learning achievement and approaches in our days of life long learning is interesting for an appraisal of aptitude and the identification of high- and low-potentials. Due to the reported problems concerning the predictive validity of common instruments, we used the new experiment-based behavioral task LAsO for an assessment of learning achievement, time effort, learning approaches and tempo during learning based on a micro analytic action research. We analysed reliability and incremental validity on a sample of 322 apprentices. Beneath the valuated behavior by the formation team and a short scale for conscientiousness, the integration of the LAsO-scores into two block binary logistic regression analyses revealed, that the LAsO-scores are significant predictors for high- and low-potentials and therefore provide increment predictive validity.

  14. The geometry of continuum regularization

    This lecture is primarily an introduction to coordinate-invariant regularization, a recent advance in the continuum regularization program. In this context, the program is seen as fundamentally geometric, with all regularization contained in regularized DeWitt superstructures on field deformations

  15. Evaluation of university students’ academic achievements, web material using behaviors, and attendances in respect to their learning approaches in a blended learning environment

    M. Betül Yılmaz; Feza Orhan

    2011-01-01

    In this study; in a blended learning environment, university students’ academic achievements, web material using behaviors, and attendances to the learning environment are evaluated according to their learning approaches. The subjects participated in the study were 91 university students who enrolled on ‘Instructional Technologies and Material Development’ course. The adapted Turkish version of Biggs, Kember and Leung (2001)’s ‘revised 2F Study Process Questionna...

  16. A Path Analysis of the Effects of Principal Professional Orientation towards Leadership, Professional Teacher Behavior, and School Academic Optimism on School Reading Achievement

    Roxanne M. Mitchell; C. John Tarter

    2016-01-01

    This study tested the effects of the principal’s professional orientation towards leadership/enabling school structure (ESS) on two mediating variables, school academic optimism (SAO) and professional teacher behavior (PTB), on the outcome variable school reading achievement (RA). Data were drawn from a sample of 54 schools (including 45 elementary schools and nine middle schools); the school was the unit of analysis. Data analysis supported a path to RA in which a structural variable, ESS wa...

  17. Evaluation of university students’ academic achievements, web material using behaviors, and attendances in respect to their learning approaches in a blended learning environment

    Yılmaz, M. Betül; ORHAN, FEZA

    2011-01-01

    In this study; in a blended learning environment, university students’ academic achievements, web material using behaviors, and attendances to the learning environment are evaluated according to their learning approaches. The subjects participated in the study were 91 university students who enrolled on ‘Instructional Technologies and Material Development’ course. The adapted Turkish version of Biggs, Kember and Leung (2001)’s ‘revised 2F Study Process Questionnaire’ was used to reveal the st...

  18. Math Achievement in Early Adolescence: The Role of Parental Involvement, Teachers' Behavior, and Students' Motivational Beliefs about Math

    Levpuscek, Melita Puklek; Zupancic, Maja

    2009-01-01

    Contributions of parental involvement in educational pursuits as well as math teachers' classroom behavior to students' motivation and performance in math were investigated. By the end of the first school term, 365 Slovene eighth graders reported on their parents' academic involvement (pressure, support, and help) and their math teachers' behavior…

  19. Sparse structure regularized ranking

    Wang, Jim Jing-Yan

    2014-04-17

    Learning ranking scores is critical for the multimedia database retrieval problem. In this paper, we propose a novel ranking score learning algorithm by exploring the sparse structure and using it to regularize ranking scores. To explore the sparse structure, we assume that each multimedia object could be represented as a sparse linear combination of all other objects, and combination coefficients are regarded as a similarity measure between objects and used to regularize their ranking scores. Moreover, we propose to learn the sparse combination coefficients and the ranking scores simultaneously. A unified objective function is constructed with regard to both the combination coefficients and the ranking scores, and is optimized by an iterative algorithm. Experiments on two multimedia database retrieval data sets demonstrate the significant improvements of the propose algorithm over state-of-the-art ranking score learning algorithms.

  20. The regularity series of a Cauchy space

    Darrell C. Kent

    1984-03-01

    Full Text Available This study extends the notion of regularity series from convergence spaces to Cauchy spaces, and includes an investigation of related topics such as that T2 and T3 modifications of a Cauchy space and their behavior relative to certain types of quotient maps. These concepts are applied to obtain a new characterization of Cauchy spaces which have T3 completions.

  1. Sleep Duration, Positive Attitude toward Life, and Academic Achievement: The Role of Daytime Tiredness, Behavioral Persistence, and School Start Times

    Perkinson-Gloor, Nadine; Lemola, Sakari; Grob, Alexander

    2013-01-01

    Sleep timing undergoes profound changes during adolescence, often resulting in inadequate sleep duration. The present study examines the relationship of sleep duration with positive attitude toward life and academic achievement in a sample of 2716 adolescents in Switzerland (mean age: 15.4 years, SD = 0.8), and whether this relationship is…

  2. Effects of a Gluten-Free Diet on Rate of Achievement in Autistic Children in an Applied Behavioral Analysis Program.

    Gemmell, Melissa; Chambliss, Catherine

    This study used both between-subjects and within-subjects analyses to examine the effects of a gluten-free diet on the academic achievement of autistic children. The between-subjects analysis included data from eight autistic children (ages 5 to 7) with four on a gluten-free diet and four serving as controls. The number of attempts needed before…

  3. Public, Catholic Single-Sex, and Catholic Coeducational High Schools: Their Effects on Achievement, Affect, and Behaviors.

    Marsh, Herbert W.

    1991-01-01

    Using data from the High School and Beyond survey, compares junior and senior year performance and other variables in Catholic single sex, Catholic coed, and public schools. Finds Catholic school students are urged to take more academically demanding courses; this accounts for public/Catholic differences in achievement and university attendance.…

  4. Product Kernel Regularization Networks

    Kudová, Petra; Šámalová, Terezie

    Wien: Springer-Verlag, 2005 - (Ribiero, B.; Albrecht, R.; Dobnikar, A.; Pearson, D.; Steele, N.), s. 433-436 ISBN 3-211-24934-6. [ICANNGA'2005 /7./. Coimbra (PT), 21.03.2005-23.03.2005] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA201/05/0557; GA AV ČR 1ET100300414 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : learning form examples * regularization networks * product kernel * kernel methods Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics

  5. Kernel Based Regularization Netowrks

    Kudová, Petra

    Praha: MATFYZPRESS, 2005 - (Hakl, F.), s. 65-74 ISBN 80-86732-56-8. [Doktorandský den '05. Nový Dvůr (CZ), 05.10.2005-07.10.2005] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA201/05/0557 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : learning from examples * regularization networks * kernel methods * product kernels * sum kernels Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics

  6. (Semi) regular tetrahedral tilings

    Kolcun, Alexej

    Plzeň: Union Agency, 2013 - (Skala, V.), s. 145-150 ISBN 978-80-86943-75-6. [WSCG 2013 - International Conference in Central Europe on Computer Graphics, Visualization and Computer Vision /21./. Plzeň (CZ), 24.06.2013-27.06.2013] Institutional support: RVO:68145535 Keywords : tetrahedron * regular tessellation * voxel grid * conform decomposition Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://wscg.zcu.cz/WSCG2013/!_2013-WSCG- Communication s-proceedings.pdf

  7. Regularizing portfolio optimization

    Still, Susanne; Kondor, Imre

    2010-07-01

    The optimization of large portfolios displays an inherent instability due to estimation error. This poses a fundamental problem, because solutions that are not stable under sample fluctuations may look optimal for a given sample, but are, in effect, very far from optimal with respect to the average risk. In this paper, we approach the problem from the point of view of statistical learning theory. The occurrence of the instability is intimately related to over-fitting, which can be avoided using known regularization methods. We show how regularized portfolio optimization with the expected shortfall as a risk measure is related to support vector regression. The budget constraint dictates a modification. We present the resulting optimization problem and discuss the solution. The L2 norm of the weight vector is used as a regularizer, which corresponds to a diversification 'pressure'. This means that diversification, besides counteracting downward fluctuations in some assets by upward fluctuations in others, is also crucial because it improves the stability of the solution. The approach we provide here allows for the simultaneous treatment of optimization and diversification in one framework that enables the investor to trade off between the two, depending on the size of the available dataset.

  8. Regularizing portfolio optimization

    The optimization of large portfolios displays an inherent instability due to estimation error. This poses a fundamental problem, because solutions that are not stable under sample fluctuations may look optimal for a given sample, but are, in effect, very far from optimal with respect to the average risk. In this paper, we approach the problem from the point of view of statistical learning theory. The occurrence of the instability is intimately related to over-fitting, which can be avoided using known regularization methods. We show how regularized portfolio optimization with the expected shortfall as a risk measure is related to support vector regression. The budget constraint dictates a modification. We present the resulting optimization problem and discuss the solution. The L2 norm of the weight vector is used as a regularizer, which corresponds to a diversification 'pressure'. This means that diversification, besides counteracting downward fluctuations in some assets by upward fluctuations in others, is also crucial because it improves the stability of the solution. The approach we provide here allows for the simultaneous treatment of optimization and diversification in one framework that enables the investor to trade off between the two, depending on the size of the available dataset.

  9. UNI-VECTOR-SENSOR DIRECTION FINDING WITH REGULARIZED ESPRIT

    2008-01-01

    The regularized Least-Squares Estimation method of Signal Parameters via Rotational Invariance Techniques (LS-ESPRIT) is herein proposed for Direction-Of-Arrival (DOA) estimation of non-Gaussian sources with only one acoustic vector-sensor. The Second-Order Statistics (SOS) and Higher-Order Statistics (HOS) of data are fused within a regularization framework. The steering vectors can be blindly identified by the regularized ESPRIT, from which the aim of DOA estimation can be achieved. Several variants of the regularized ESPRIT are discussed. A suboptimal scheme for determination of the regularization parameters is also given.

  10. Scaling behavior of regularized bosonic strings

    Ambjorn, Jan

    2015-01-01

    We implement a proper-time UV regularisation of the Nambu-Goto string, introducing an independent metric tensor and the corresponding Lagrange multiplier, and treating them in the mean-field approximation justified for long strings and/or when the dimensions of space-time is large. We compute the regularised determinant of the 2d Laplacian for the closed string winding around a compact dimension, obtaining in this way the effective action, whose minimisation determines the energy of the string ground state in the mean-field approximation. We discuss the existence of two scaling limits when the cutoff is taken to infinity. One scaling limit reproduces the results obtained by the hypercubic regularisation of the Nambu-Goto string as well as by the use of the dynamical triangulation regularisation of the Polyakov string. The other scaling limit reproduces the results obtained by canonical quantisation of the Nambu-Goto string.

  11. Gyrostat Model Regular And Chaotic Behavior*

    Nikolov Svetoslav

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available During recent years, the interest in the phenomena of chaos in gyroscopic systems has been increasing. It is well-known, that depending on the speed of rotation, a gyroscopic system may lose or gain stability. Despite the overwhelming number of studies reporting the occurrence of various chaotic structures, little is known yet about the construction details and the generality of the underlying bifurcation scenarios that give rise to such chaotic (complex behaviour.

  12. Regularity of Minimal Surfaces

    Dierkes, Ulrich; Tromba, Anthony J; Kuster, Albrecht

    2010-01-01

    "Regularity of Minimal Surfaces" begins with a survey of minimal surfaces with free boundaries. Following this, the basic results concerning the boundary behaviour of minimal surfaces and H-surfaces with fixed or free boundaries are studied. In particular, the asymptotic expansions at interior and boundary branch points are derived, leading to general Gauss-Bonnet formulas. Furthermore, gradient estimates and asymptotic expansions for minimal surfaces with only piecewise smooth boundaries are obtained. One of the main features of free boundary value problems for minimal surfaces is t

  13. Mining Regular Patterns in Data Streams Using Vertical Format

    G. Vijay Kumar

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The increasing prominence of data streams has been lead to the study of online mining in order to capture interesting trends, patterns and exceptions. Recently, temporal regularity in occurrence behavior of a pattern was treated as an emerging area in several online applications like network traffic, sensor networks, e-business and stock market analysis etc. A pattern is said to be regular in a data stream, if its occurrence behavior is not more than the user given regularity threshold. Although there has been some efforts done in finding regular patterns over stream data, no such method has been developed yet by using vertical data format. Therefore, in this paper we develop a new method called VDSRP-method to generate the complete set of regular patterns over a data stream at a user given regularity threshold. Our experimental results show that highly efficiency in terms of execution and memory consumption.

  14. Regularized versus non-regularized statistical reconstruction techniques

    Denisova, N.V., E-mail: denisova@itam.nsc.ru [Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

    2011-08-21

    An important feature of positron emission tomography (PET) and single photon emission computer tomography (SPECT) is the stochastic property of real clinical data. Statistical algorithms such as ordered subset-expectation maximization (OSEM) and maximum a posteriori (MAP) are a direct consequence of the stochastic nature of the data. The principal difference between these two algorithms is that OSEM is a non-regularized approach, while the MAP is a regularized algorithm. From the theoretical point of view, reconstruction problems belong to the class of ill-posed problems and should be considered using regularization. Regularization introduces an additional unknown regularization parameter into the reconstruction procedure as compared with non-regularized algorithms. However, a comparison of non-regularized OSEM and regularized MAP algorithms with fixed regularization parameters has shown very minor difference between reconstructions. This problem is analyzed in the present paper. To improve the reconstruction quality, a method of local regularization is proposed based on the spatially adaptive regularization parameter. The MAP algorithm with local regularization was tested in reconstruction of the Hoffman brain phantom.

  15. Regularized versus non-regularized statistical reconstruction techniques

    An important feature of positron emission tomography (PET) and single photon emission computer tomography (SPECT) is the stochastic property of real clinical data. Statistical algorithms such as ordered subset-expectation maximization (OSEM) and maximum a posteriori (MAP) are a direct consequence of the stochastic nature of the data. The principal difference between these two algorithms is that OSEM is a non-regularized approach, while the MAP is a regularized algorithm. From the theoretical point of view, reconstruction problems belong to the class of ill-posed problems and should be considered using regularization. Regularization introduces an additional unknown regularization parameter into the reconstruction procedure as compared with non-regularized algorithms. However, a comparison of non-regularized OSEM and regularized MAP algorithms with fixed regularization parameters has shown very minor difference between reconstructions. This problem is analyzed in the present paper. To improve the reconstruction quality, a method of local regularization is proposed based on the spatially adaptive regularization parameter. The MAP algorithm with local regularization was tested in reconstruction of the Hoffman brain phantom.

  16. Modular Regularization Algorithms

    Jacobsen, Michael

    2004-01-01

    The class of linear ill-posed problems is introduced along with a range of standard numerical tools and basic concepts from linear algebra, statistics and optimization. Known algorithms for solving linear inverse ill-posed problems are analyzed to determine how they can be decomposed into indepen......The class of linear ill-posed problems is introduced along with a range of standard numerical tools and basic concepts from linear algebra, statistics and optimization. Known algorithms for solving linear inverse ill-posed problems are analyzed to determine how they can be decomposed...... into independent modules. These modules are then combined to form new regularization algorithms with other properties than those we started out with. Several variations are tested using the Matlab toolbox MOORe Tools created in connection with this thesis. Object oriented programming techniques are explained...... and used to set up the illposed problems in the toolbox. Hereby, we are able to write regularization algorithms that automatically exploit structure in the ill-posed problem without being rewritten explicitly. We explain how to implement a stopping criteria for a parameter choice method based upon...

  17. Associations between Psychosocial Functioning and Academic Achievement: The Peruvian Case

    Manrique Millones, Denisse; Van Leeuwen, Karla; Ghesquière, Pol

    2013-01-01

    The present study investigated (a) how specific aspects of psycho-social functioning (behavioral problems and global self-worth) are associated with academic achievement in spelling, arithmetic and reading; and (b) what is the effect of type of school (private vs. public) on this association. The sample for this study consisted of 901 regular school children attending 6th grade of primary education and living in the urban zones of Metropolitan Lima, Peru. Our research hypotheses were partiall...

  18. Financial strain, parenting behaviors, and adolescents' achievement: testing model equivalence between African American and European American single- and two-parent families.

    Gutman, L M; Eccles, J S

    1999-01-01

    This study tested the equivalence of a theoretical model of parenting behaviors linking financial strain to adolescents' achievement for African American and European American families and for single- and two-parent families. The sample included an economic cross-section of African American (n = 387) and European American families (n = 230) from single- (n = 171) and two-parent (n = 446) homes. Multi-group analyses revealed no significant differences in the structural equation models between the African American and European American families, or between the single- and two-parent families. Results demonstrated that negative parent-adolescent relationships and parental school involvement mediated the relation between financial strain and adolescents' academic achievement. PMID:10621967

  19. Performance-based tests versus behavioral ratings in the assessment of executive functioning in preschoolers: associations with ADHD symptoms and reading achievement.

    Miranda, Ana; Colomer, Carla; Mercader, Jessica; Fernández, M Inmaculada; Presentación, M Jesús

    2015-01-01

    The early assessment of the executive processes using ecologically valid instruments is essential for identifying deficits and planning actions to deal with possible adverse consequences. The present study has two different objectives. The first objective is to analyze the relationship between preschoolers' performance on tests of Working Memory and Inhibition and parents' and teachers' ratings of these executive functions (EFs) using the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF). The second objective consists of studying the predictive value of the different EF measures (performance-based test and rating scales) on Inattention and Hyperactivity/Impulsivity behaviors and on indicators of word reading performance. The participants in the study were 209 children in the last year of preschool, their teachers and their families. Performance-based tests of Working Memory and Inhibition were administered, as well as word reading measures (accuracy and speed). The parents and teachers filled out rating scales of the EF and typical behaviors of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptomatology. Moderate correlation values were found between the different EF assessments procedures, although the results varied depending on the different domains. Metacognition Index from the BRIEF presented stronger correlations with verbal working memory tests than with inhibition tests. Both the rating scales and the performance-based tests were significant predictors of Inattention and Hyperactivity/Impulsivity behaviors and the reading achievement measures. However, the BRIEF explained a greater percentage of variance in the case of the ADHD symptomatology, while the performance-based tests explained reading achievement to a greater degree. The implications of the findings for research and clinical practice are discussed. PMID:25972833

  20. Deadlock Prevention Policy with Behavioral Optimality or Suboptimality Achieved by the Redundancy Identification of Constraints and the Rearrangement of Monitors

    Liang Hong

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This work develops an iterative deadlock prevention method for a special class of Petri nets that can well model a variety of flexible manufacturing systems. A deadlock detection technique, called mixed integer programming (MIP, is used to find a strict minimal siphon (SMS in a plant model without a complete enumeration of siphons. The policy consists of two phases. At the first phase, SMSs are obtained by MIP technique iteratively and monitors are added to the complementary sets of the SMSs. For the possible existence of new siphons generated after the first phase, we add monitors with their output arcs first pointed to source transitions at the second phase to avoid new siphons generating and then rearrange the output arcs step by step on condition that liveness is preserved. In addition, an algorithm is proposed to remove the redundant constraints of the MIP problem in this paper. The policy improves the behavioral permissiveness of the resulting net and greatly enhances the structural simplicity of the supervisor. Theoretical analysis and experimental results verify the effectiveness of the proposed method.

  1. Regular spherical dust spacetimes

    Humphreys, N; Matravers, D R; Humphreys, Neil; Maartens, Roy; Matravers, David

    1998-01-01

    Physical (and weak) regularity conditions are used to determine and classify all the possible types of spherically symmetric dust spacetimes in general relativity. This work unifies and completes various earlier results. The junction conditions are described for general non-comoving (and non-null) surfaces, and the limits of kinematical quantities are given on all comoving surfaces where there is Darmois matching. We show that an inhomogeneous generalisation of the Kantowski-Sachs metric may be joined to the Lemaitre-Tolman-Bondi metric. All the possible spacetimes are explicitly divided into four groups according to topology, including a group in which the spatial sections have the topology of a 3-torus. The recollapse conjecture (for these spacetimes) follows naturally in this approach.

  2. Annotation of Regular Polysemy

    Martinez Alonso, Hector

    Regular polysemy has received a lot of attention from the theory of lexical semantics and from computational linguistics. However, there is no consensus on how to represent the sense of underspecified examples at the token level, namely when annotating or disambiguating senses of metonymic words...... like “London” (Location/Organization) or “cup” (Container/Content). The goal of this dissertation is to assess whether metonymic sense underspecification justifies incorporating a third sense into our sense inventories, thereby treating the underspecified sense as independent from the literal and...... metonymic. We have conducted an analysis in English, Danish and Spanish. Later on, we have tried to replicate the human judgments by means of unsupervised and semi-supervised sense prediction. The automatic sense-prediction systems have been unable to find empiric evidence for the underspecified sense, even...

  3. Designing molecular structure to achieve ductile fracture behavior in a stiff and strong 2D polymer, "graphylene".

    Sandoz-Rosado, E; Beaudet, T D; Balu, R; Wetzel, E D

    2016-06-01

    As the simplest two-dimensional (2D) polymer, graphene has immensely high intrinsic strength and elastic stiffness but has limited toughness due to brittle fracture. We use atomistic simulations to explore a new class of graphene/polyethylene hybrid 2D polymer, "graphylene", that exhibits ductile fracture mechanisms and has a higher fracture toughness and flaw tolerance than graphene. A specific configuration of this 2D polymer hybrid, denoted "GrE-2" for the two-carbon-long ethylene chains connecting benzene rings in the inherent framework, is prioritized for study. MD simulations of crack propagation show that the energy release rate to propagate a crack in GrE-2 is twice that of graphene. We also demonstrate that GrE-2 exhibits delocalized failure and other energy-dissipating fracture mechanisms such as crack branching and bridging. These results demonstrate that 2D polymers can be uniquely tailored to achieve a balance of fracture toughness with mechanical stiffness and strength. PMID:26996950

  4. Regular Totally Separable Sphere Packings

    Reid, Samuel

    2015-01-01

    The topic of totally separable sphere packings is surveyed with a focus on regular constructions, uniform tilings, and contact number problems. An enumeration of all regular totally separable sphere packings in $\\mathbb{R}^2$, $\\mathbb{R}^3$, and $\\mathbb{R}^4$ which are based on convex uniform tessellations, honeycombs, and tetracombs, respectively, is presented, as well as a construction of a family of regular totally separable sphere packings in $\\mathbb{R}^d$ that is not based on a convex...

  5. On Ideals of Regular Rings

    CHEN Huan Yin; LI Fu An

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate ideals of regular rings and give several characterizations for an ideal to satisfy the comparability. In addition, it is shown that, if Ⅰ is a minimal two-sided ideal of a regular ring R, then Ⅰ satisfies the comparability if and only if Ⅰ is separative. Furthermore, we prove that, for ideals with stable range one, Roth's problem has an affirmative solution. These extend the corresponding results on unit-regularity and one-sided unit-regularity.

  6. Research on Government Behavior to Accelerate Science and Technology Achievement Transfer%促进科技成果转化的政府行为研究

    王雪原; 王宏起; 李长云

    2015-01-01

    针对我国科技成果转化率低以及政府行为缺乏有效理论指导的现实问题,在阐明科技成果、科技成果转化与科技成果产业化本质问题的基础上,针对3个环节提出政府部门介入科技成果转化的方式:科技成果选择、科技成果论证、科技成果立项;技术工程化、对接企业配套条件优化、对接渠道拓展;信息普及与宣传、优惠政策激励、产业化过程指导等。针对不同介入方式,提出差异化评审、转化率统计与考核、可转化度论证、已有成果后续筛选、公共基金支持、对接单位匹配条件优化立项、对接主体培育、科技管理工作系统整合、服务打包与系统解决方法供给等多种管理方法。可为深入理解科技成果转化,规范与完善政府科技管理行为,促进科技成果落地转化提供有效的理论指导与决策支持。%According to the fact that science and technology achievement transfer rate is low in China and government behavior is lack of effec‐tive academic support ,the ways that government department participating into science and technology achievement transfer are brought forward in this paper based on the detailed explanation of the essence problems of science and technology achievement and its transfer and industrializa‐tion ,which includes science and technology achievement selection ,argumentation and confirmation ;technology engineering and inter‐mediated enterprise matching condition optimization and exchanging approaches enlarging ;and information generalization and publicity ,preferential poli‐cy stimulating and guidance during the process of industrialization ,etc .Meanwhile several managing methods are offered pointing to different participating ways ,such as differentiated evaluation and review ,statistics and evaluation of transfer rate ,argumentation of available degree for transfer ,selection among exited achievement ,public fund supporting

  7. Regularized Generalized Canonical Correlation Analysis

    Tenenhaus, Arthur; Tenenhaus, Michel

    2011-01-01

    Regularized generalized canonical correlation analysis (RGCCA) is a generalization of regularized canonical correlation analysis to three or more sets of variables. It constitutes a general framework for many multi-block data analysis methods. It combines the power of multi-block data analysis methods (maximization of well identified criteria) and…

  8. Conservative regularization of compressible flow

    Krishnaswami, Govind S; Thyagaraja, Anantanarayanan

    2015-01-01

    Ideal Eulerian flow may develop singularities in vorticity w. Navier-Stokes viscosity provides a dissipative regularization. We find a local, conservative regularization - lambda^2 w times curl(w) of compressible flow and compressible MHD: a three dimensional analogue of the KdV regularization of the one dimensional kinematic wave equation. The regulator lambda is a field subject to the constitutive relation lambda^2 rho = constant. Lambda is like a position-dependent mean-free path. Our regularization preserves Galilean, parity and time-reversal symmetries. We identify locally conserved energy, helicity, linear and angular momenta and boundary conditions ensuring their global conservation. Enstrophy is shown to remain bounded. A swirl velocity field is identified, which transports w/rho and B/rho generalizing the Kelvin-Helmholtz and Alfven theorems. A Hamiltonian and Poisson bracket formulation is given. The regularized equations are used to model a rotating vortex, channel flow, plane flow, a plane vortex ...

  9. Natural selection and mechanistic regularity.

    DesAutels, Lane

    2016-06-01

    In this article, I address the question of whether natural selection operates regularly enough to qualify as a mechanism of the sort characterized by Machamer, Darden, and Craver (2000). Contrary to an influential critique by Skipper and Millstein (2005), I argue that natural selection can be seen to be regular enough to qualify as an MDC mechanism just fine-as long as we pay careful attention to some important distinctions regarding mechanistic regularity and abstraction. Specifically, I suggest that when we distinguish between process vs. product regularity, mechanism-internal vs. mechanism-external sources of irregularity, and abstract vs. concrete regularity, we can see that natural selection is only irregular in senses that are unthreatening to its status as an MDC mechanism. PMID:26921876

  10. Extreme values, regular variation and point processes

    Resnick, Sidney I

    1987-01-01

    Extremes Values, Regular Variation and Point Processes is a readable and efficient account of the fundamental mathematical and stochastic process techniques needed to study the behavior of extreme values of phenomena based on independent and identically distributed random variables and vectors It presents a coherent treatment of the distributional and sample path fundamental properties of extremes and records It emphasizes the core primacy of three topics necessary for understanding extremes the analytical theory of regularly varying functions; the probabilistic theory of point processes and random measures; and the link to asymptotic distribution approximations provided by the theory of weak convergence of probability measures in metric spaces The book is self-contained and requires an introductory measure-theoretic course in probability as a prerequisite Almost all sections have an extensive list of exercises which extend developments in the text, offer alternate approaches, test mastery and provide for enj...

  11. A Criterion for Regular Sequences

    D P Patil; U Storch; J Stückrad

    2004-05-01

    Let be a commutative noetherian ring and $f_1,\\ldots,f_r \\in R$. In this article we give (cf. the Theorem in $\\mathcal{x}$2) a criterion for $f_1,\\ldots,f_r$ to be regular sequence for a finitely generated module over which strengthens and generalises a result in [2]. As an immediate consequence we deduce that if $V(g_1,\\ldots,g_r) \\subseteq V(f_1,\\ldots,f_r)$ in Spec and if $f_1,\\ldots,f_r$ is a regular sequence in , then $g_1,\\ldots,g_r$ is also a regular sequence in .

  12. Regular languages and partial commutations

    Cano Gómez, Antonio; Guaiana, Giovanna; Pin, Jean-Eric

    2013-01-01

    [ES] El cierre de un lenguaje regular bajo una conmutación [parcial] $I$ se ha estudiado extensivamente. Presentamos nuevos avances sobre los dos problemas de esta zona: (1) cuando es el cierre de un lenguaje regular bajo ¿conmutación [parcial] todavía regular? (2) Hay alguna clase robusta ¿de idiomas cerraron bajo conmutación [parcial]? Demostramos que la clase $\\PolG$ de polinomios de grupo idiomas está cerrada bajo conmutación y bajo conmutación parcial cuando el co...

  13. Mining Regular Patterns in Data Streams Using Vertical Format

    G. Vijay Kumar

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The increasing prominence of data streams has been lead to the study of online mining in orderto capture interesting trends, patterns and exceptions. Recently, temporal regularity in occurrencebehavior of a pattern was treated as an emerging area in several online applications like networktraffic, sensor networks, e-business and stock market analysis etc. A pattern is said to be regularin a data stream, if its occurrence behavior is not more than the user given regularity threshold.Although there has been some efforts done in finding regular patterns over stream data, no suchmethod has been developed yet by using vertical data format. Therefore, in this paper wedevelop a new method called VDSRP-method to generate the complete set of regular patternsover a data stream at a user given regularity threshold. Our experimental results show that highlyefficiency in terms of execution and memory consumption.

  14. Einstein spacetimes with weak regularity

    LeFloch, Philippe G.

    2010-01-01

    We review recent work on the Einstein equations of general relativity when the curvature is defined in a weak sense. Weakly regular spacetimes are constructed, in which impulsive gravitational waves, as well as shock waves, propagate.

  15. NONCONVEX REGULARIZATION FOR SHAPE PRESERVATION

    CHARTRAND, RICK [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2007-01-16

    The authors show that using a nonconvex penalty term to regularize image reconstruction can substantially improve the preservation of object shapes. The commonly-used total-variation regularization, {integral}|{del}u|, penalizes the length of the object edges. They show that {integral}|{del}u|{sup p}, 0 < p < 1, only penalizes edges of dimension at least 2-p, and thus finite-length edges not at all. We give numerical examples showing the resulting improvement in shape preservation.

  16. New regular black hole solutions

    In the present work we consider general relativity coupled to Maxwell's electromagnetism and charged matter. Under the assumption of spherical symmetry, there is a particular class of solutions that correspond to regular charged black holes whose interior region is de Sitter, the exterior region is Reissner-Nordstroem and there is a charged thin-layer in-between the two. The main physical and geometrical properties of such charged regular black holes are analyzed.

  17. Geometric continuum regularization of quantum field theory

    An overview of the continuum regularization program is given. The program is traced from its roots in stochastic quantization, with emphasis on the examples of regularized gauge theory, the regularized general nonlinear sigma model and regularized quantum gravity. In its coordinate-invariant form, the regularization is seen as entirely geometric: only the supermetric on field deformations is regularized, and the prescription provides universal nonperturbative invariant continuum regularization across all quantum field theory. 54 refs

  18. A Path Analysis of the Effects of Principal Professional Orientation towards Leadership, Professional Teacher Behavior, and School Academic Optimism on School Reading Achievement

    Roxanne M. Mitchell

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study tested the effects of the principal’s professional orientation towards leadership/enabling school structure (ESS on two mediating variables, school academic optimism (SAO and professional teacher behavior (PTB, on the outcome variable school reading achievement (RA. Data were drawn from a sample of 54 schools (including 45 elementary schools and nine middle schools; the school was the unit of analysis. Data analysis supported a path to RA in which a structural variable, ESS was the immediate antecedent of SAO and PTB. Two control variables, school level and SES, were included in the model. SES had a significant effect on SAO but not on PTB. School level had a negative effect on both PTB and SAO suggesting that both variables were higher in elementary school and declined in middle school. SES paired with SAO in predicting RA. As expected, SAO had a greater effect on RA than SES. The significance of the findings lies in the confirmation of SAO as an important influence on RA and in demonstrating the importance of ESS in establishing a context in which AO and PTB can flourish.

  19. On the Relationship among Academic Seeking Help Behavior and Achievement Goal Orientation%初中生成就目标定向与学业求助的关系研究

    宋海芳

    2013-01-01

      To explore the relationship among academic seeking help behavior and achievement goal orientation, the paper applies Academic Seeking Help Behavior Scale and Achievement Goal Orientation Scale to survey 210 junior high school students. Results are: Gender and grade have no significant influence on junior high school students; Achievement goal orientation is correlated with academic seeking help behavior;Achievement goal orientation has a role of remarkable prediction in academic seeking help behavior. The results show that achievement goal orientation has an influence on academic seeking help behavior.%  文章以初中生的成就目标定向与学业求助的关系为研究对象,运用《学业求助问卷》和《成就目标定向量表》,对210名初中生进行问卷调查。结论为:初中生学业求助行为在性别、年级上无显著差异;初中生成就目标定向和学业求助行为存在显著性相关;初中生成就目标定向对学业求助行为有显著的预测作用。这说明初中生的学业求助行为受成就目标定向的影响。

  20. An Exploratory Study of College Health-Risk Behaviors: Implications for Campus Programs and Services.

    Fetro, Joyce V.; Wood, Ralph; Drolet, Judy C.

    2000-01-01

    Assessed six categories of college students' health risk behaviors. Student survey data indicated that respondents were engaging in risk behaviors that could impact educational achievement and lead to serious consequences. Youth tended to enter college with established patterns of risk. Most regularly consumed large amounts of alcohol. Differences…

  1. Local orientational mobility in regular hyperbranched polymers

    Dolgushev, Maxim; Fürstenberg, Florian; Guérin, Thomas

    2016-01-01

    We study the dynamics of local bond orientation in regular hyperbranched polymers modeled by Vicsek fractals. The local dynamics is investigated through the temporal autocorrelation functions of single bonds and the corresponding relaxation forms of the complex dielectric susceptibility. We show that the dynamic behavior of single segments depends on their remoteness from the periphery rather than on the size of the whole macromolecule. Remarkably, the dynamics of the core segments (which are most remote from the periphery) shows a scaling behavior that differs from the dynamics obtained after structural average. We analyze the most relevant processes of single segment motion and provide an analytic approximation for the corresponding relaxation times. Furthermore, we describe an iterative method to calculate the orientational dynamics in the case of very large macromolecular sizes.

  2. Regular

    Ratanpal B S; Sharma Jaita

    2016-03-01

    The charged anisotropic star on paraboloidal space-time is reported by choosing a particular form of radial pressure and electric field intensity. The non-singular solution of Einstein–Maxwell system of equation has been derived and it is shown that the model satisfies all the physical plausibility conditions. It is observed that in the absence of electric field intensity, the model reducesto a particular case of uncharged Sharma and Ratanpal model. It is also observed that the parameter used in the electric field intensity directly affects mass of the star.

  3. Regular algebra and finite machines

    Conway, John Horton

    2012-01-01

    World-famous mathematician John H. Conway based this classic text on a 1966 course he taught at Cambridge University. Geared toward graduate students of mathematics, it will also prove a valuable guide to researchers and professional mathematicians.His topics cover Moore's theory of experiments, Kleene's theory of regular events and expressions, Kleene algebras, the differential calculus of events, factors and the factor matrix, and the theory of operators. Additional subjects include event classes and operator classes, some regulator algebras, context-free languages, communicative regular alg

  4. $p$-regular nonlinear dynamics

    Medak, Beata; Tret'yakov, Alexey A.

    2015-01-01

    In this paper we generalize the notion of $p$-factor operator which is the basic notion of the so-called $p$-regularity theory for nonlinear and degenerated operators. We prove a theorem related to a new construction of $p$-factor operator. The obtained results are illustrated by an example concerning nonlinear dynamical system.

  5. Examples of q-regularization

    Rodr, S

    1995-01-01

    An Introduction to Hopf algebras as a tool for the regularization of relavent quantities in quantum field theory is given. We deform algebraic spaces by introducing q as a regulator of a non-commutative and non-cocommutative Hopf algebra. Relevant quantities are finite provided q\

  6. Globals of Completely Regular Monoids

    Wu Qian-qian; Gan Ai-ping; Du Xian-kun

    2015-01-01

    An element of a semigroup S is called irreducible if it cannot be expressed as a product of two elements in S both distinct from itself. In this paper we show that the class C of all completely regular monoids with irreducible identity elements satisfies the strong isomorphism property and so it is globally determined.

  7. Regularized Chapman-Enskog expansion for scalar conservation laws

    Schochet, Steven; Tadmor, Eitan

    1990-01-01

    Rosenau has recently proposed a regularized version of the Chapman-Enskog expansion of hydrodynamics. This regularized expansion resembles the usual Navier-Stokes viscosity terms at law wave-numbers, but unlike the latter, it has the advantage of being a bounded macroscopic approximation to the linearized collision operator. The behavior of Rosenau regularization of the Chapman-Enskog expansion (RCE) is studied in the context of scalar conservation laws. It is shown that thie RCE model retains the essential properties of the usual viscosity approximation, e.g., existence of traveling waves, monotonicity, upper-Lipschitz continuity..., and at the same time, it sharpens the standard viscous shock layers. It is proved that the regularized RCE approximation converges to the underlying inviscid entropy solution as its mean-free-path epsilon approaches 0, and the convergence rate is estimated.

  8. Teacher Attitudes on Personal Teaching Efficacy and Responsive Teaching, and Principal Leadership Behaviors in the Areas of Leader Social Relationships, Leadership/Goal Setting, and Collaboration for Learning in Low Wealth, Low and High Achieving Middle Schools

    Levey, Eliana K.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate whether middle school teacher attitudes on personal teaching efficacy and responsive teaching and their descriptions of their principal's leadership behaviors in the areas of leader social relationships, leadership/goal setting, and collaboration for learning differ for high- and low-achieving Grade 8…

  9. The Effect of the Leader in Me, a School-Wide Positive Behavior Intervention System (SW-PBIS), Based on Student Achievement and Office Discipline Referrals for Fifth Grade Students in a Rural Elementary School in North Central Washington State

    Miller, Christopher A.

    2016-01-01

    The purpose this study was to examine the implementation of The Leader in Me, a school-wide positive behavior intervention system (SW-PBIS), and analyze its impact on 5th grade students based on student achievement and office discipline referrals in a rural elementary school in North Central Washington state. The school was in the first year of…

  10. Examining the Specific Effects of Context on Adaptive Behavior and Achievement in a Rural African Community: Six Case Studies from Rural Areas of Southern Province, Zambia

    Tan, Mei; Reich, Jodi; Hart, Lesley; Thuma, Philip E.; Grigorenko, Elena L.

    2014-01-01

    Generally accepted as universal, the construct of adaptive behavior differs in its manifestations across different cultures and settings. The Vineland-II (Sparrow et al. in "Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, Second edn." AGS Publishing, Circle Pines, MN, 2005) was translated into Chitonga and adapted to the setting of rural Southern…

  11. Convergence and fluctuations of Regularized Tyler estimators

    Kammoun, Abla

    2015-10-26

    This article studies the behavior of regularized Tyler estimators (RTEs) of scatter matrices. The key advantages of these estimators are twofold. First, they guarantee by construction a good conditioning of the estimate and second, being a derivative of robust Tyler estimators, they inherit their robustness properties, notably their resilience to the presence of outliers. Nevertheless, one major problem that poses the use of RTEs in practice is represented by the question of setting the regularization parameter p. While a high value of p is likely to push all the eigenvalues away from zero, it comes at the cost of a larger bias with respect to the population covariance matrix. A deep understanding of the statistics of RTEs is essential to come up with appropriate choices for the regularization parameter. This is not an easy task and might be out of reach, unless one considers asymptotic regimes wherein the number of observations n and/or their size N increase together. First asymptotic results have recently been obtained under the assumption that N and n are large and commensurable. Interestingly, no results concerning the regime of n going to infinity with N fixed exist, even though the investigation of this assumption has usually predated the analysis of the most difficult N and n large case. This motivates our work. In particular, we prove in the present paper that the RTEs converge to a deterministic matrix when n → ∞ with N fixed, which is expressed as a function of the theoretical covariance matrix. We also derive the fluctuations of the RTEs around this deterministic matrix and establish that these fluctuations converge in distribution to a multivariate Gaussian distribution with zero mean and a covariance depending on the population covariance and the parameter.

  12. Effects of Student Perceptions of Teachers' Motivational Behavior on Reading, English, and Mathematics Achievement: The Mediating Role of Domain Specific Self-Efficacy and Intrinsic Motivation

    You, Sukkyung; Dang, Myley; Lim, Sun Ah

    2016-01-01

    Background: In the Korean educational system, academic achievement is one of the crucial factors in assessing a student's academic ability for postsecondary education. Thus, many researchers have been studying ways to improve students' academic achievement. Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between students'…

  13. Near-Regular Texture Synthesis

    Haindl, Michal; Hatka, Martin

    Heidelberg : Springer, 2009 - (X. Jiang, N.Petkov), s. 1138-1145 ISBN 978-3-642-03766-5. ISSN 0302-9743. - (Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 5702). [13th International Conference on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns. Muenster (DE), 02.09.2009-04.09.2009] R&D Projects: GA MŠk 1M0572; GA ČR GA102/08/0593 Grant ostatní: GA MŠk(CZ) 2C06019 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : texture modelling * near-regular texture Subject RIV: BD - Theory of Information http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2009/RO/haindl-near-regular texture synthesis.pdf

  14. Efficient Hyperelastic Regularization for Registration

    Darkner, Sune; Hansen, Michael Sass; Larsen, Rasmus; Hansen, Mads Fogtmann

    For most image registration problems a smooth one-to-one mapping is desirable, a diffeomorphism. This can be obtained using priors such as volume preservation, certain kinds of elasticity or both. The key principle is to regularize the strain of the deformation which can be done through penalizat......For most image registration problems a smooth one-to-one mapping is desirable, a diffeomorphism. This can be obtained using priors such as volume preservation, certain kinds of elasticity or both. The key principle is to regularize the strain of the deformation which can be done through...... elastic priors such at the Saint Vernant Kirchoff model, the Ogden material model or Riemanian elasticity. We exemplify the approach through synthetic registration and special tests as well as registration of different modalities; 2D cardiac MRI and 3D surfaces of the human ear. The artificial examples...

  15. The General Quantization Problem for Distributions with Regular Support

    Pötzelberger, Klaus

    1999-01-01

    We study the asymptotic behavior of the quantization error for general information functions and prove results for distributions P with regular support. We characterize the information functions for which the uniform distribution on the set of prototypes converges weakly to P. (author's abstract)

  16. Complete nonmeasurability in regular families

    Ralowski, Robert

    2010-01-01

    We show that for a $\\sigma $-ideal $\\ci$ with a Borel base of subsets of an uncountable Polish space, if $\\ca$ is (in several senses) a "regular" family of subsets from $\\ci $ then there is a subfamily of $\\ca$ whose union is completely nonmeasurable i.e. its intersection with every Borel set not in $\\ci $ does not belong to the smallest $\\sigma $-algebra containing all Borel sets and $\\ci.$ Our results generalize results from \\cite{fourpoles} and \\cite{fivepoles}.

  17. Regularizing RNNs by Stabilizing Activations

    Krueger, David; Memisevic, Roland

    2015-01-01

    We stabilize the activations of Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs) by penalizing the squared distance between successive hidden states' norms. This penalty term is an effective regularizer for RNNs including LSTMs and IRNNs, improving performance on character-level language modelling and phoneme recognition, and outperforming weight noise and dropout. We set state of the art (17.5% PER) for an RNN on the TIMIT phoneme recognition task, without using beam-search. With this penalty term, IRNN can...

  18. Fast regularized image interpolation method

    Hongchen Liu; Yong Feng; Linjing Li

    2007-01-01

    The regularized image interpolation method is widely used based on the vector interpolation model in which down-sampling matrix has very large dimension and needs large storage consumption and higher computation complexity. In this paper, a fast algorithm for image interpolation based on the tensor product of matrices is presented, which transforms the vector interpolation model to matrix form. The proposed algorithm can extremely reduce the storage requirement and time consumption. The simulation results verify their validity.

  19. Regular Symmetry Patterns (Technical Report)

    Lin, Anthony W.; Nguyen, Truong Khanh; Rümmer, Philipp; Sun, Jun

    2015-01-01

    Symmetry reduction is a well-known approach for alleviating the state explosion problem in model checking. Automatically identifying symmetries in concurrent systems, however, is computationally expensive. We propose a symbolic framework for capturing symmetry patterns in parameterised systems (i.e. an infinite family of finite-state systems): two regular word transducers to represent, respectively, parameterised systems and symmetry patterns. The framework subsumes various types of symmetry ...

  20. Regular Variation and Smile Asymptotics

    Benaim, Shalom; Friz, Peter

    2006-01-01

    We consider risk-neutral returns and show how their tail asymptotics translate directly to asymptotics of the implied volatility smile, thereby sharpening Roger Lee's celebrated moment formula. The theory of regular variation provides the ideal mathematical framework to formulate and prove such results. The practical value of our formulae comes from the vast literature on tail asymptotics and our conditions are often seen to be true by simple inspection of known results.

  1. Regularized strings with extrinsic curvature

    We analyze models of discretized string theories, where the path integral over world sheet variables is regularized by summing over triangulated surfaces. The inclusion of curvature in the action is a necessity for the scaling of the string tension. We discuss the physical properties of models with extrinsic curvature terms in the action and show that the string tension vanishes at the critical point where the bare extrinsic curvature coupling tends to infinity. Similar results are derived for models with intrinsic curvature. (orig.)

  2. Addictive Behaviors Amongst University Students: Contributing Factors, Student's Perception and Addiction Rates

    Ahmad Houri; Mirvat Hammoud

    2005-01-01

    Factors contributing to addictive behaviors affecting student health are analyzed in this study. Smoking, alcohol consumption, and the use of illegal drugs are assessed in a sample of 290 university students. General averages indicate that 37.2% of students smoke cigarettes, 49.8% drink alcohol regularly, and 17.9% have tried illegal drugs while 4.8% of them use it regularly. Age, academic achievement, gender, religion, family status and financial status were correlated to these addictive beh...

  3. The Impact of Positive Behavior Intervention Training for Teachers On Referral Rates for Misbehavior, Special Education Evaluation and Student Reading Achievement in the Elementary Grades

    Susan Polirstok, Ed.D.; Jay Gottlieb, Ph.D.

    2006-01-01

    A professional development program which trained whole school staffs in the use of positive behavioral interventions for the purpose of reducing referral rates of students for misbehavior and special education evaluation. The program focused on training teachers and paraprofessionals in behavior management strategies to increase “high approval teaching,” to develop structured and organized classroomenvironments, to engage in contingent teaching, and to improve the overall school climate. The ...

  4. Cherokee Culture and School Achievement.

    Brown, Anthony D.

    1980-01-01

    Compares the effect of cooperative and competitive behaviors of Cherokee and Anglo American elementary school students on academic achievement. Suggests changes in teaching techniques and lesson organization that might raise academic achievement while taking into consideration tribal traditions that limit scholastic achievement in an…

  5. Regularization ambiguities in loop quantum gravity

    One of the main achievements of loop quantum gravity is the consistent quantization of the analog of the Wheeler-DeWitt equation which is free of ultraviolet divergences. However, ambiguities associated to the intermediate regularization procedure lead to an apparently infinite set of possible theories. The absence of an UV problem--the existence of well-behaved regularization of the constraints--is intimately linked with the ambiguities arising in the quantum theory. Among these ambiguities is the one associated to the SU(2) unitary representation used in the diffeomorphism covariant 'point-splitting' regularization of the nonlinear functionals of the connection. This ambiguity is labeled by a half-integer m and, here, it is referred to as the m ambiguity. The aim of this paper is to investigate the important implications of this ambiguity. We first study 2+1 gravity (and more generally BF theory) quantized in the canonical formulation of loop quantum gravity. Only when the regularization of the quantum constraints is performed in terms of the fundamental representation of the gauge group does one obtain the usual topological quantum field theory as a result. In all other cases unphysical local degrees of freedom arise at the level of the regulated theory that conspire against the existence of the continuum limit. This shows that there is a clear-cut choice in the quantization of the constraints in 2+1 loop quantum gravity. We then analyze the effects of the ambiguity in 3+1 gravity exhibiting the existence of spurious solutions for higher representation quantizations of the Hamiltonian constraint. Although the analysis is not complete in 3+1 dimensions - due to the difficulties associated to the definition of the physical inner product - it provides evidence supporting the definitions quantum dynamics of loop quantum gravity in terms of the fundamental representation of the gauge group as the only consistent possibilities. If the gauge group is SO(3) we find

  6. Self-regulatory mode (locomotion and assessment, well-being (subjective and psychological, and exercise behavior (frequency and intensity in relation to high school pupils’ academic achievement

    Danilo Garcia

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background. Self-regulation is the procedure implemented by an individual striving to reach a goal and consists of two inter-related strategies: assessment and locomotion. Moreover, both subjective and psychological well-being along exercise behaviour might also play a role on adolescents academic achievement. Method. Participants were 160 Swedish high school pupils (111 boys and 49 girls with an age mean of 17.74 (sd = 1.29. We used the Regulatory Mode Questionnaire to measure self-regulation strategies (i.e., locomotion and assessment. Well-being was measured using Ryff’s Psychological Well-Being Scales short version, the Temporal Satisfaction with Life Scale, and the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule. Exercise behaviour was self-reported using questions pertaining to frequency and intensity of exercise compliance. Academic achievement was operationalized through the pupils’ mean value of final grades in Swedish, Mathematics, English, and Physical Education. Both correlation and regressions analyses were conducted. Results. Academic achievement was positively related to assessment, well-being, and frequent/intensive exercise behaviour. Assessment was, however, negatively related to well-being. Locomotion on the other hand was positively associated to well-being and also to exercise behaviour. Conclusions. The results suggest a dual (indirect model to increase pupils’ academic achievement and well-being—assessment being directly related to higher academic achievement, while locomotion is related to frequently exercising and well-being, which in turn, increase academic achievement.

  7. Regularization methods in Banach spaces

    Schuster, Thomas; Hofmann, Bernd; Kazimierski, Kamil S

    2012-01-01

    Regularization methods aimed at finding stable approximate solutions are a necessary tool to tackle inverse and ill-posed problems. Usually the mathematical model of an inverse problem consists of an operator equation of the first kind and often the associated forward operator acts between Hilbert spaces. However, for numerous problems the reasons for using a Hilbert space setting seem to be based rather on conventions than on an approprimate and realistic model choice, so often a Banach space setting would be closer to reality. Furthermore, sparsity constraints using general Lp-norms or the B

  8. Efficient Hyperelastic Regularization for Registration

    Darkner, Sune; Hansen, Michael S; Larsen, Rasmus;

    2011-01-01

    penalization of the eigen values of the stress tensor. We present a computational framework for regularization of image registration for isotropic hyper elasticity. We formulate an efficient and parallel scheme for computing the principal stain based for a given parameterization by decomposing the left Cauchy...... elastic priors such at the Saint Vernant Kirchoff model, the Ogden material model or Riemanian elasticity. We exemplify the approach through synthetic registration and special tests as well as registration of different modalities; 2D cardiac MRI and 3D surfaces of the human ear. The artificial examples...

  9. Regularized Statistical Analysis of Anatomy

    Sjöstrand, Karl

    2007-01-01

    This thesis presents the application and development of regularized methods for the statistical analysis of anatomical structures. Focus is on structure-function relationships in the human brain, such as the connection between early onset of Alzheimer’s disease and shape changes of the corpus...... callosum. One of the comprehensive goals of this type of research is to use non-invasive imaging devices for the detection of diseases which are otherwise difficult to diagnose at an early stage. A more modest but equally interesting goal is to improve the understanding of the brain in relation to body and...

  10. Regular nanofabrics in emerging technologies

    Jamaa, M Haykel Ben

    2011-01-01

    ""Regular Nanofabrics in Emerging Technologies"" gives a deep insight into both fabrication and design aspects of emerging semiconductor technologies, that represent potential candidates for the post-CMOS era. Its approach is unique, across different fields, and it offers a synergetic view for a public of different communities ranging from technologists, to circuit designers, and computer scientists. The book presents two technologies as potential candidates for future semiconductor devices and systems and it shows how fabrication issues can be addressed at the design level and vice versa. The

  11. Academic Training Lecture - Regular Programme

    PH Department

    2011-01-01

    Regular Lecture Programme 9 May 2011 ACT Lectures on Detectors - Inner Tracking Detectors by Pippa Wells (CERN) 10 May 2011 ACT Lectures on Detectors - Calorimeters (2/5) by Philippe Bloch (CERN) 11 May 2011 ACT Lectures on Detectors - Muon systems (3/5) by Kerstin Hoepfner (RWTH Aachen) 12 May 2011 ACT Lectures on Detectors - Particle Identification and Forward Detectors by Peter Krizan (University of Ljubljana and J. Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia) 13 May 2011 ACT Lectures on Detectors - Trigger and Data Acquisition (5/5) by Dr. Brian Petersen (CERN) from 11:00 to 12:00 at CERN ( Bldg. 222-R-001 - Filtration Plant )

  12. Remarks on the energy of regular graphs

    Nikiforov, V.

    2016-01-01

    This note is about the energy of regular graphs. The energy of a graph is the sum of the absolute values of the eigenvalues of its adjacency matrix. It is shown that graphs that are close to regular can be made regular with a negligible change of the energy. Also a $k$-regular graph can be extended to a $k$-regular graph of a slightly larger order with almost the same energy. As an application, it is shown that for every sufficiently large $n,$ there exists a regular graph $G$ of order $n$ wh...

  13. Charged scalar perturbations around a regular magnetic black hole

    Huang, Yang; Liu, Dao-Jun

    2016-05-01

    We study charged scalar perturbations in the background of a regular magnetic black hole. In this case, the charged scalar perturbation does not result in superradiance. By using a careful time-domain analysis, we show that the charge of the scalar field can change the real part of the quasinormal frequency, but has little impact on the imaginary part of the quasinormal frequency and the behavior of the late-time tail. Therefore, the regular magnetic black hole may be stable under the perturbations of a charged scalar field at the linear level.

  14. Subcortical processing of speech regularities underlies reading and music aptitude in children

    Strait Dana L; Hornickel Jane; Kraus Nina

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Neural sensitivity to acoustic regularities supports fundamental human behaviors such as hearing in noise and reading. Although the failure to encode acoustic regularities in ongoing speech has been associated with language and literacy deficits, how auditory expertise, such as the expertise that is associated with musical skill, relates to the brainstem processing of speech regularities is unknown. An association between musical skill and neural sensitivity to acoustic re...

  15. Hypnotherapy and Test Anxiety: Two Cognitive-Behavioral Constructs. The Effects of Hypnosis in Reducing Test Anxiety and Improving Academic Achievement in College Students.

    Sapp, Marty

    A two-group randomized multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) was used to investigate the effects of cognitive-behavioral hypnosis in reducing test anxiety and improving academic performance in comparison to a Hawthorne control group. Subjects were enrolled in a rigorous introductory psychology course which covered an entire text in one…

  16. On Nano Regular Generalized and Nano Generalized Regular Closed Sets in Nano Topological Spaces

    P.Sulochana Devi; Dr.K.Bhuvaneswari

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to define and study a new class of sets called Nano regular generalized and Nano generalized regular closed sets in nano topological spaces. Basic properties of nano regular generalized closed sets and nano generalized regular closed sets are analysed. We also used them to introduce the new notions like nano regular generalized closure and nano generalized regular closure and their relation with already existing well known sets are also investigated.

  17. A STUDY OF ACHEVEMENT MOTIVATION AMONG CHILD LABOUR AND REGULAR SCHOOL GOING STUDENTS

    RAJESH SHIRSATH

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to determine the status of Achievement motivationamong child labour and regular school going student.. The sample consist of 100 subject50 child labour 50 regular school going students. Total sample select in to the nationalChild labour project from Jalna dist. in Maharashtra. The subject selected in the samplewas in the age group of 09 to 16 who are living in urban areas only. StandardizedPsychological Tools was used for data collection that is Achievement motivations Scale.After done of scoring data were treated as two way analysis. The results indicate thatchild labour and regular school going students thus differ from each other significantlyon the Achievement motivation. According to mean values the regular school goingchildren having high Achievement motivation than the child labour. The 'F' ratiosindicate that there is significant difference between male and female of both child labourand school going students on Achievement motivation.

  18. Achieving Standardization

    Henningsson, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    International e-Customs is going through a standardization process. Driven by the need to increase control in the trade process to address security challenges stemming from threats of terrorists, diseases, and counterfeit products, and to lower the administrative burdens on traders to stay...... competitive, national customs and regional economic organizations are seeking to establish a standardized solution for digital reporting of customs data. However, standardization has proven hard to achieve in the socio-technical e-Customs solution. In this chapter, the authors identify and describe what has...... to be harmonized in order for a global company to perceive e-Customs as standardized. In doing so, they contribute an explanation of the challenges associated with using a standardization mechanism for harmonizing socio-technical information systems....

  19. Achieving Standardization

    Henningsson, Stefan

    2014-01-01

    International e-Customs is going through a standardization process. Driven by the need to increase control in the trade process to address security challenges stemming from threats of terrorists, diseases, and counterfeit products, and to lower the administrative burdens on traders to stay...... competitive, national customs and regional economic organizations are seeking to establish a standardized solution for digital reporting of customs data. However, standardization has proven hard to achieve in the socio-technical e-Customs solution. In this chapter, the authors identify and describe what has...... to be harmonized in order for a global company to perceive e-Customs as standardized. In doing so, they contribute an explanation of the challenges associated with using a standardization mechanism for harmonizing socio-technical information systems....

  20. The Association between Teachers' Child-Centered Beliefs and Children's Academic Achievement: The Indirect Effect of Children's Behavioral Self-Regulation

    Hur, Eunhye; Buettner, Cynthia K.; Jeon, Lieny

    2015-01-01

    Background: Recent studies have suggested that teachers' psychological attributes can be an indicator of teacher quality (Rimm-Kaufman and Hamre in "Dev Psychol" 45(4):958-972. doi: 10.1037/a0015861 , 2010), and teachers' child-centered beliefs have been associated with children's academic achievement (Burchinal and Cryer in "Early…

  1. Self-similar regularization of optic-flow for turbulent motion estimation

    Héas, Patrick; Memin, Etienne; Heitz, Dominique

    2008-01-01

    International audience Based on self-similar models of turbulence, we propose in this paper a multi-scale regularizer in order to provide a closure to the optic-flow estimation problem. Regularization is achieved by constraining motion increments to behave as a self-similar process. The associate constrained minimization problem results in a collection of first-order optic-flow regularizers acting at the different scales. The problem is optimally solved by taking advantage of lagrangian du...

  2. Killing transform on regular Dirichlet subspaces

    Li, Liping; Ying, Jiangang

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we shall consider the killing transform induced by a multiplicative functional on regular Dirichlet subspaces of a fixed Dirichlet form. Roughly speaking, a regular Dirichlet subspace is a closed subspace with Dirichlet and regular properties of fixed Dirichlet space. By using the killing transforms, our main results indicate that the big jump part of fixed Dirichlet form is not essential for discussing its regular Dirichlet subspaces. This fact is very similar to the status of...

  3. APA with Evolving Order and Variable Regularization for Echo Cancellation

    Chang-Peng Ji

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently APA has become one of most popular algorithms in application of Acoustic Echo Cancellation. Because of the contradictory factors of convergence rate and steady-state misalignment, a new algorithm by the behavior of associating variable regularization and evolving order has been proposed in this paper. Despite of the conventional assumption that the a posteriori error is zero, we take the statistical characteristic of the noise into consideration during the adaptation process. Exact and approximate formulations for the optimal regularization factor are derived. Numerical simulation results show that the proposed algorithm improves the performance of the APA in terms of its faster convergence rate and lower steady-state misalignment compared to existing variable regularization APA and evolving order APA, respectively. Meanwhile it can be seen that near-end speech signal has been restored more effectively

  4. Consistency Analysis of Spectral Regularization Algorithms

    Yukui Zhu; Hongwei Sun

    2012-01-01

    We investigate the consistency of spectral regularization algorithms. We generalize the usual definition of regularization function to enrich the content of spectral regularization algorithms. Under a more general prior condition, using refined error decompositions and techniques of operator norm estimation, satisfactory error bounds and learning rates are proved.

  5. Split Dimensional Regularization for the Temporal Gauge

    Chen, Y H; Lin, C; Chen, Yaw-Hwang; Hsieh, Ron-Jou; Lin, Chilong

    1996-01-01

    A split dimensional regularization, which was introduced for the Coulomb gauge by Leibbrandt and Williams, is used to regularize the spurious singularities of Yang-Mills theory in the temporal gauge. Typical one-loop split dimensionally regularized temporal gauge integrals, and hence the renormalization structure of the theory are shown to be the same as those calculated with some nonprincipal-value prescriptions.

  6. Bit-coded regular expression parsing

    Nielsen, Lasse; Henglein, Fritz

    2011-01-01

    Regular expression parsing is the problem of producing a parse tree of a string for a given regular expression. We show that a compact bit representation of a parse tree can be produced efficiently, in time linear in the product of input string size and regular expression size, by simplifying the...

  7. Technology Corner: A Regular Expression Training App

    Nick Flor

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Regular expressions enable digital forensic analysts to find information in files. The best way for an analyst to become proficient in writing regular expressions is to practice. This paper presents the code for an app that allows an analyst to practice writing regular expressions.

  8. The Evolution of Frequency Distributions: Relating Regularization to Inductive Biases through Iterated Learning

    Reali, Florencia; Griffiths, Thomas L.

    2009-01-01

    The regularization of linguistic structures by learners has played a key role in arguments for strong innate constraints on language acquisition, and has important implications for language evolution. However, relating the inductive biases of learners to regularization behavior in laboratory tasks can be challenging without a formal model. In this…

  9. Self-regulatory mode (locomotion and assessment), well-being (subjective and psychological), and exercise behavior (frequency and intensity) in relation to high school pupils’ academic achievement

    Danilo Garcia; Alexander Jimmefors; Fariba Mousavi; Lillemor Adrianson; Patricia Rosenberg; Trevor Archer

    2015-01-01

    Background. Self-regulation is the procedure implemented by an individual striving to reach a goal and consists of two inter-related strategies: assessment and locomotion. Moreover, both subjective and psychological well-being along exercise behaviour might also play a role on adolescents academic achievement. Method. Participants were 160 Swedish high school pupils (111 boys and 49 girls) with an age mean of 17.74 (sd = 1.29). We used the Regulatory Mode Questionnaire to measure self-reg...

  10. Peer relationships and academic achievement

    Krnjajić Stevan B.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available After their childhood, when children begin to establish more intensive social contacts outside family, first of all, in school setting, their behavior i.e. their social, intellectual, moral and emotional development is more strongly affected by their peers. Consequently, the quality of peer relationships considerably affects the process of adaptation and academic achievement and their motivational and emotional attitude towards school respectively. Empirical findings showed that there is bi-directional influence between peer relationships and academic achievement. In other words, the quality of peer relationships affects academic achievement, and conversely, academic achievement affects the quality of peer relationships. For example, socially accepted children exhibiting prosocial, cooperative and responsible forms of behavior in school most frequently have high academic achievement. On the other hand, children rejected by their peers often have lower academic achievement and are a risk group tending to delinquency, absenteeism and drop out of school. Those behavioral and interpersonal forms of competence are frequently more reliable predictors of academic achievement than intellectual abilities are. Considering the fact that various patterns of peer interaction differently exert influence on students' academic behavior, the paper analyzed effects of (a social competence, (b social acceptance/rejection, (c child's friendships and (d prosocial behavior on academic achievement.

  11. Limits on Achievable Dimensional and Photon Efficiencies with Intensity-Modulation and Photon-Counting Due to Non-Ideal Photon-Counter Behavior

    Moision, Bruce; Erkmen, Baris I.; Farr, William; Dolinar, Samuel J.; Birnbaum, Kevin M.

    2012-01-01

    An ideal intensity-modulated photon-counting channel can achieve unbounded photon information efficiencies (PIEs). However, a number of limitations of a physical system limit the practically achievable PIE. In this paper, we discuss several of these limitations and illustrate their impact on the channel. We show that, for the Poisson channel, noise does not strictly bound PIE, although there is an effective limit, as the dimensional information efficiency goes as e[overline] e PIE beyond a threshold PIE. Since the Holevo limit is bounded in the presence of noise, this illustrates that the Poisson approximation is invalid at large PIE for any number of noise modes. We show that a finite transmitter extinction ratio bounds the achievable PIE to a maximum that is logarithmic in the extinction ratio. We show how detector jitter limits the ability to mitigate noise in the PPM signaling framework. We illustrate a method to model detector blocking when the number of detectors is large, and illustrate mitigation of blocking with spatial spreading and altering. Finally, we illustrate the design of a high photon efficiency system using state-of-the-art photo-detectors and taking all these effects into account.

  12. Special needs students in regular education: do they affect their classmates?

    N. Ruijs

    2014-01-01

    The impact on regular students is a prominent concern in the inclusive education debate. Recent studies find that the presence of students with special educational needs harms the achievement of regular students. This study investigates inclusive practices in Dutch primary and secondary education, w

  13. Motivation and achievements

    Stefanova, Sladzana; Miceski, Trajko

    2015-01-01

    Motivation of employees as management function is an important factor in encouraging, guiding and strengthening the behavior of employees in organizations. For one organization is very important the employees to be motivated, only thus will be achieved its objectives. The manager is usually responsible for the motivation of employees and for fulfilment their needs in the workplace, but it is recommended the employees to motivate themselves. Generally, employees are working t...

  14. Regular Black Holes with Cosmological Constant

    MO Wen-Juan; CAI Rong-Gen; SU Ru-Keng

    2006-01-01

    We present a class of regular black holes with cosmological constant Λ in nonlinear electrodynamics. Instead of usual singularity behind black hole horizon, all fields and curvature invariants are regular everywhere for the regular black holes. Through gauge invariant approach, the linearly dynamical stability of the regular black hole is studied. In odd-parity sector, we find that the Λ term does not appear in the master equations of perturbations, which shows that the regular black hole is stable under odd-parity perturbations. On the other hand, for the even-parity sector, the master equations are more complicated than the case without the cosmological constant. We obtain the sufficient conditions for stability of the regular black hole. We also investigate the thermodynamic properties of the regular black hole, and find that those thermodynamic quantities do not satisfy the differential form of first law of black hole thermodynamics. The reason for violating the first law is revealed.

  15. Maternal territoriality achieved through shaking and lunging: an investigation of patterns in associated behaviors and substrate vibrations in a colonial embiopteran, Antipaluria urichi.

    Dejan, Khaaliq A; Fresquez, John M; Meyer, Annika M; Edgerly, Janice S

    2013-01-01

    Substrate vibration communication is displayed by a variety of insects that rely on silk for shelter. Such signaling is often associated with territoriality and social interactions. The goal in this study was to explore the use of substrate vibration by subsocial insects of the little-studied order Embioptera (also known as Embiidina). Antipaluria urichi (Saussure) (Embioptera: Clothodidae) from Trinidad and Tobago, a large embiopteran, exhibits maternal care and facultatively colonial behavior. Previous observations suggested that they were aggressive while guarding eggs but gregarious when not. Egg-guarders in particular have been observed shaking and lunging their bodies, but to date these putative signals have not been recorded nor were their contexts known. Staged interactions were conducted in the laboratory using residents that had established silk domiciles enveloping piezo-electric film used to detect vibrations. Predictions from two competing hypotheses, the maternal territoriality hypothesis and the group cohesion hypothesis, were erected to explain the occurrence of signaling. Experiments pitted pre-reproductive and egg-guarding residents against female and male intruders, representing social partners that ranged from potentially threatening to innocuous or even helpful. Behavioral acts were identified and scored along with associated substrate vibrations, which were measured for associated body movements, duration, and frequency spectra. Signals, sorted by the distinct actions used to generate them, were lunge, shake, push up, and snapback. Egg-guarding females produced most signals in response to female intruders, a result that supported the maternal territoriality hypothesis. Female intruders generally responded to such signaling by moving away from egg-guarding residents. In contrast, pre-reproductive residents did not signal much, and intruders settled beside them. Theme software was used to analyze the behavioral event recordings to seek patterns

  16. Impact of Remedial Reading Interventions on a Secondary Student with Emotional Behavior Disorder: A Case Study

    Cooper, LuCinda Nance

    2013-01-01

    Students who struggle with emotional behavior disorders (EBD) often enter high school with reading levels far below those of their peers. At the secondary level, these at-risk students must regularly read and write proficiently in order to demonstrate their literacy achievement and potential for success either in college or on the job. As a…

  17. Quantum Cooling Evaporation Process in Regular Black Holes

    Myung, Yun Soo; Kim, Yong-Wan; Park, Young-Jai

    2007-01-01

    We investigate a universal behavior of thermodynamics and evaporation process for the regular black holes. We newly observe an important point where the temperature is maximum, the heat capacity is changed from negative infinity to positive infinity, and the free energy is minimum. Furthermore, this point separates the evaporation process into the early stage with negative heat capacity and the late stage with positive heat capacity. The latter represents the quantum cooling evaporation proce...

  18. Parallel Coordinate Descent for L1-Regularized Loss Minimization

    Bradley, Joseph K.; Kyrola, Aapo; Bickson, Danny; Guestrin, Carlos

    2011-01-01

    We propose Shotgun, a parallel coordinate descent algorithm for minimizing L1-regularized losses. Though coordinate descent seems inherently sequential, we prove convergence bounds for Shotgun which predict linear speedups, up to a problem-dependent limit. We present a comprehensive empirical study of Shotgun for Lasso and sparse logistic regression. Our theoretical predictions on the potential for parallelism closely match behavior on real data. Shotgun outperforms other published solvers on...

  19. L0-norm Sparse Graph-regularized SVD for Biclustering

    Min, Wenwen; Liu, Juan; Zhang, Shihua

    2016-01-01

    Learning the "blocking" structure is a central challenge for high dimensional data (e.g., gene expression data). Recently, a sparse singular value decomposition (SVD) has been used as a biclustering tool to achieve this goal. However, this model ignores the structural information between variables (e.g., gene interaction graph). Although typical graph-regularized norm can incorporate such prior graph information to get accurate discovery and better interpretability, it fails to consider the o...

  20. Successive change regularity of actinide properties with atomic number

    The development and achievements on chemistry of actinide elements are summarised. The relations of properties of actinides to their electronic configurations of valence electronic shells are discussed. Some anomalies of solid properties, the radius contraction, the stable state effect of f7n-orbits (n = 0, 1, 2) and the tetrad effect of oxidation states, etc., with atomic number (Z) are described. 31 figures appended show directly the successive change regularity of actinide properties with Z

  1. Two-dimensional Chiral Anomaly in Differential Regularization

    Chen, W F

    1999-01-01

    The two-dimensional chiral anomaly is calculated using differential regularization. It is shown that the anomaly emerges naturally in the vector and axial Ward identities on the same footing as the four-dimensional case. The vector gauge symmetry can be achieved by an appropriate choice of the mass scales without introducing the seagull term. The necessity of a short-distance expansion in the Fourier transform into momentum space is emphasized.

  2. 大学生健康行为现状及其与成就动机的关系%The relationship of undergraduates' health behavior status quo and its achievement motivation

    胡贝贝; 刘洁; 王宇潇; 贺鹭

    2015-01-01

    Objective To understand the health behavior status quo of undergraduates in Shan xi, analyzes the relationship between the undergraduates' health behavior and achievement motivation.MethodsThe questionnaire survey was conducted among 563 full-time undergraduates in four universities in Shanxi province. Descriptive research and analytical methods were adopted to analyze undergraduates' health behavior and its influencing factors.Results The scores of learning related behavior, support personal living habits, interpersonal behavior and stress management behavior, each dimension score were 21.25±3.31, 16.83±3.22, 31.42±5.0, 32.52±5.85.(2) The overall achievement motivation score of undergraduates was 1.12±7.95, and the pursuit of success and to avoid failure of the scores were 51.85±6.29 and 49.33±6.99 respectively. Undergraduates' health behavior and achievement motivation and its two dimensions (the pursuit of success and avoid failure) were positively correlated.(3)The logistic regression results of college students health behavior showed that gender, pursuit of success and family environment were the main influencing factors for colege students health behavior.Conclusions The colege students' health behavior in the survey were in upper level. Learning related behavior was the best, stress management behavior was the worst. It reminded us that contemporary college students stress management ability needs to be improved.Overall achievement motivation of measured objects were low.(3)The college students' health behavior was correlated with achievement motivation. It needs health promoting behavior that be more positive and corresponding with health risk behavior.%[目的]了解山西省部分高校大学生健康行为现状,分析探讨大学生健康行为与其成就动机之间的关系.[方法] 对山西省四所高校的563名全日制在校大学生进行问卷调查,采用描述性研究和分析性研究的方法分析大学生健康

  3. Regulatory Contributors to Children's Kindergarten Achievement.

    Howse, Robin B.; Calkins, Susan D.; Anastopoulos, Arthur D.; Keane, Susan P.; Shelton, Terri L.

    2003-01-01

    This study examined whether preschoolers' emotion regulation, problem behavior, and kindergarten behavioral self-regulation in the classroom predicted kindergarten achievement scores. Findings indicated that children's emotion regulation and behavioral self-regulation in the classroom were related to all achievement measures. Relation between…

  4. Energy Scaling Law for the Regular Cone

    Olbermann, Heiner

    2016-04-01

    We consider a thin elastic sheet in the shape of a disk whose reference metric is that of a singular cone. That is, the reference metric is flat away from the center and has a defect there. We define a geometrically fully nonlinear free elastic energy and investigate the scaling behavior of this energy as the thickness h tends to 0. We work with two simplifying assumptions: Firstly, we think of the deformed sheet as an immersed 2-dimensional Riemannian manifold in Euclidean 3-space and assume that the exponential map at the origin (the center of the sheet) supplies a coordinate chart for the whole manifold. Secondly, the energy functional penalizes the difference between the induced metric and the reference metric in L^∞ (instead of, as is usual, in L^2). Under these assumptions, we show that the elastic energy per unit thickness of the regular cone in the leading order of h is given by C^*h^2|log h|, where the value of C^* is given explicitly.

  5. Regularity and approximability of electronic wave functions

    Yserentant, Harry

    2010-01-01

    The electronic Schrödinger equation describes the motion of N-electrons under Coulomb interaction forces in a field of clamped nuclei. The solutions of this equation, the electronic wave functions, depend on 3N variables, with three spatial dimensions for each electron. Approximating these solutions is thus inordinately challenging, and it is generally believed that a reduction to simplified models, such as those of the Hartree-Fock method or density functional theory, is the only tenable approach. This book seeks to show readers that this conventional wisdom need not be ironclad: the regularity of the solutions, which increases with the number of electrons, the decay behavior of their mixed derivatives, and the antisymmetry enforced by the Pauli principle contribute properties that allow these functions to be approximated with an order of complexity which comes arbitrarily close to that for a system of one or two electrons. The text is accessible to a mathematical audience at the beginning graduate level as...

  6. Regular Disjunction-Free Default Theories

    Xi-Shun Zhao

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, the class of regular disjunction-free default theories is introduced and investigated.A transformation from regular default theories to normal default theories is established. The initial theory and the transformed theory have the same extensions when restricted to old variables. Hence, regular default theories enjoy some similar properties (e.g., existence of extensions, semi-monotonicity) as normal default theories. Then,a new algorithm for credulous reasoning of regular theories is developed. This algorithm runs in a time not more than O(1.45n), where n is the number of defaults. In case of regular prerequisite-free or semi-2CNF default theories, the credulous reasoning can be solved in polynomial time. However, credulous reasoning for semi-Horn default theories is shown to be NP-complete although it is tractable for Horn default theories. Moreover, skeptical reasoning for regular unary default theories is co-NP-complete.

  7. Regular Disjunction-Free Default Theories

    Xi-ShunZhao

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, the class of regular disjunction-free default theories is introduced and investigated. A transformation from regular default theories to normal default theories is established. The initial theory and the transformed theory have the same extensions when restricted to old variables. Hence, regular default theories enjoy some similar properties (e.g., existence of extensions, semi-monotonicity) as normal default theories. Then, a new algorithm for credulous reasoning of regular theories is developed. This algorithm runs in a time not more than O(1.45n), where n is the number of defaults. In case of regular prerequisite-free or semi-2CNF default theories, the credulous reasoning can be solved in polynomial time. However, credulous reasoning for semi-Horn default theories is shown to be NP-complete although it is tractable for Horn default theories. Moreover, skeptical reasoning for regular unary default theories is co-NP-complete.

  8. Kernel Bayesian Inference with Posterior Regularization

    Song, Yang; Jun ZHU; Ren, Yong

    2016-01-01

    We propose a vector-valued regression problem whose solution is equivalent to the reproducing kernel Hilbert space (RKHS) embedding of the Bayesian posterior distribution. This equivalence provides a new understanding of kernel Bayesian inference. Moreover, the optimization problem induces a new regularization for the posterior embedding estimator, which is faster and has comparable performance to the squared regularization in kernel Bayes' rule. This regularization coincides with a former th...

  9. On Comparison of Adaptive Regularization Methods

    Sigurdsson, Sigurdur; Larsen, Jan; Hansen, Lars Kai

    2000-01-01

    , a very flexible regularization may substitute the need for selection procedures. This paper investigates recently suggested adaptive regularization schemes. Some methods focus directly on minimizing an estimate of the generalization error (either algebraic or empirical), whereas others start from...... is presented. Next, different adaptive regularization schemes are reviewed and extended. Finally, the experimental section presents a comparative study concerning linear models for regression/time series problems....

  10. Enhancing Regular Expressions For Polish Text Processing

    Krzysztof Dorosz; Anna Szczerbińska

    2009-01-01

    The paper presents proposition of regular expressions engine based on the modified Thompson’salgorithm dedicated to the Polish language processing. The Polish inflectional dictionaryhas been used for enhancing regular expressions engine and syntax. Instead of usingcharacters as a basic element of regular expressions patterns (as it takes place in BRE orERE standards) presented tool gives possibility of using words from a natural language orlabels describing words grammar properties in regex s...

  11. Regularization and error assignment to unfolded distributions

    Zech, Gunter

    2011-01-01

    The commonly used approach to present unfolded data only in graphical formwith the diagonal error depending on the regularization strength is unsatisfac-tory. It does not permit the adjustment of parameters of theories, the exclusionof theories that are admitted by the observed data and does not allow the com-bination of data from different experiments. We propose fixing the regulariza-tion strength by a p-value criterion, indicating the experimental uncertaintiesindependent of the regularization and publishing the unfolded data in additionwithout regularization. These considerations are illustrated with three differentunfolding and smoothing approaches applied to a toy example.

  12. Branch Processes of Regular Magnetic Monopole

    MO Shu-Fan; REN Ji-Rong; ZHU Tao

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, by making use of Duan's topological current theory, the branch process of regular magnetic monopoles is discussed in detail Regular magnetic monopoles are found generating or annihilating at the limit point and encountering, splitting, or merging at the bifurcation point and the degenerate point systematically of the vector order parameter field φ(x).Furthermore, it is also shown that when regular magnetic monopoles split or merge at the degenerate point of field function φ, the total topological charges of the regular magnetic monopoles axe still unchanged.

  13. Double-Star Decomposition of Regular Graphs

    Akbari, Saieed; Haghi, Shahab; Maimani, Hamidreza; Seify, Abbas

    2015-01-01

    A tree containing exactly two non-pendant vertices is called a double-star. A double-star with degree sequence $(k_1+ 1, k_2+ 1, 1, \\ldots, 1)$ is denoted by $S_{k_1, k_2}$. We study the edge-decomposition of regular graphs into double-stars. It was proved that every double-star of size $k$ decomposes every $2k$-regular graph. In this paper, we extend this result to $(2k+ 1)$-regular graphs, by showing that every $(2k+ 1)$-regular graph containing two disjoint perfect matchings is decomposed ...

  14. Ideal-comparability over Regular Rings

    Huan Yin CHEN; Miao Sen CHEN

    2006-01-01

    We introduce the concept of ideal-comparability condition for regular rings. Let I be an ideal of a regular ring R. If R satisfies the Ⅰ-comparability condition, then R is one-sided unit-regular if and only if so is R/I. Also, we show that a regular ring R satisfies the general comparability if and only if the following hold: (1) R/I satisfies the general comparability; (2) R satisfies the general Ⅰ-comparability condition; (3) The natural map B(R) → B(R/I) is surjective.

  15. Randomized trial of achieving healthy lifestyles in psychiatric rehabilitation: the ACHIEVE trial

    Guallar Eliseo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Overweight and obesity are highly prevalent among persons with serious mental illness. These conditions likely contribute to premature cardiovascular disease and a 20 to 30 percent shortened life expectancy in this vulnerable population. Persons with serious mental illness need effective, appropriately tailored behavioral interventions to achieve and maintain weight loss. Psychiatric rehabilitation day programs provide logical intervention settings because mental health consumers often attend regularly and exercise can take place on-site. This paper describes the Randomized Trial of Achieving Healthy Lifestyles in Psychiatric Rehabilitation (ACHIEVE. The goal of the study is to determine the effectiveness of a behavioral weight loss intervention among persons with serious mental illness that attend psychiatric rehabilitation programs. Participants randomized to the intervention arm of the study are hypothesized to have greater weight loss than the control group. Methods/Design A targeted 320 men and women with serious mental illness and overweight or obesity (body mass index ≥ 25.0 kg/m2 will be recruited from 10 psychiatric rehabilitation programs across Maryland. The core design is a randomized, two-arm, parallel, multi-site clinical trial to compare the effectiveness of an 18-month behavioral weight loss intervention to usual care. Active intervention participants receive weight management sessions and physical activity classes on-site led by study interventionists. The intervention incorporates cognitive adaptations for persons with serious mental illness attending psychiatric rehabilitation programs. The initial intensive intervention period is six months, followed by a twelve-month maintenance period in which trained rehabilitation program staff assume responsibility for delivering parts of the intervention. Primary outcomes are weight loss at six and 18 months. Discussion Evidence-based approaches to the high burden

  16. The Effects of Chronic Achievement Motivation and Achievement Primes on the Activation of Achievement and Fun Goals

    Hart, William; Albarracín, Dolores

    2009-01-01

    This research examined the hypothesis that situational achievement cues can elicit achievement or fun goals depending on chronic differences in achievement motivation. In 4 studies, chronic differences in achievement motivation were measured, and achievement-denoting words were used to influence behavior. The effects of these variables were assessed on self-report inventories, task performance, task resumption following an interruption, and the pursuit of means relevant to achieving or having...

  17. Regularization Techniques for Linear Least-Squares Problems

    Suliman, Mohamed

    2016-04-01

    Linear estimation is a fundamental branch of signal processing that deals with estimating the values of parameters from a corrupted measured data. Throughout the years, several optimization criteria have been used to achieve this task. The most astonishing attempt among theses is the linear least-squares. Although this criterion enjoyed a wide popularity in many areas due to its attractive properties, it appeared to suffer from some shortcomings. Alternative optimization criteria, as a result, have been proposed. These new criteria allowed, in one way or another, the incorporation of further prior information to the desired problem. Among theses alternative criteria is the regularized least-squares (RLS). In this thesis, we propose two new algorithms to find the regularization parameter for linear least-squares problems. In the constrained perturbation regularization algorithm (COPRA) for random matrices and COPRA for linear discrete ill-posed problems, an artificial perturbation matrix with a bounded norm is forced into the model matrix. This perturbation is introduced to enhance the singular value structure of the matrix. As a result, the new modified model is expected to provide a better stabilize substantial solution when used to estimate the original signal through minimizing the worst-case residual error function. Unlike many other regularization algorithms that go in search of minimizing the estimated data error, the two new proposed algorithms are developed mainly to select the artifcial perturbation bound and the regularization parameter in a way that approximately minimizes the mean-squared error (MSE) between the original signal and its estimate under various conditions. The first proposed COPRA method is developed mainly to estimate the regularization parameter when the measurement matrix is complex Gaussian, with centered unit variance (standard), and independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.) entries. Furthermore, the second proposed COPRA

  18. Noninvariance of regularization by dimensional reduction

    By a direct calculation it is shown that at the threeloop level the regularization by dimensional reduction breaks supersymmetry relations between coupling constants in the N=1, 2, 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories written in terms of component fields. This is a strong limitation to the scope of the regularization

  19. Regularization algorithms based on total least squares

    Hansen, Per Christian; O'Leary, Dianne P.

    Discretizations of inverse problems lead to systems of linear equations with a highly ill-conditioned coefficient matrix, and in order to compute stable solutions to these systems it is necessary to apply regularization methods. Classical regularization methods, such as Tikhonov's method or trunc...

  20. Tikhonov Regularization and Total Least Squares

    Golub, G. H.; Hansen, Per Christian; O'Leary, D. P.

    2000-01-01

    Discretizations of inverse problems lead to systems of linear equations with a highly ill-conditioned coefficient matrix, and in order to compute stable solutions to these systems it is necessary to apply regularization methods. We show how Tikhonov's regularization method, which in its original ...

  1. Regular Event Structures and Finite Petri Nets

    Nielsen, M.; Thiagarajan, P.S.

    2002-01-01

    We present the notion of regular event structures and conjecture that they correspond exactly to finite 1-safe Petri nets. We show that the conjecture holds for the conflict-free case. Even in this restricted setting, the proof is non-trivial and involves a natural subclass of regular event struc...... structures that admit a sensible labeling with Mazurkiewicz trace alphabets....

  2. Continuum regularization of quantum field theory

    Possible nonperturbative continuum regularization schemes for quantum field theory are discussed which are based upon the Langevin equation of Parisi and Wu. Breit, Gupta and Zaks made the first proposal for new gauge invariant nonperturbative regularization. The scheme is based on smearing in the ''fifth-time'' of the Langevin equation. An analysis of their stochastic regularization scheme for the case of scalar electrodynamics with the standard covariant gauge fixing is given. Their scheme is shown to preserve the masslessness of the photon and the tensor structure of the photon vacuum polarization at the one-loop level. Although stochastic regularization is viable in one-loop electrodynamics, two difficulties arise which, in general, ruins the scheme. One problem is that the superficial quadratic divergences force a bottomless action for the noise. Another difficulty is that stochastic regularization by fifth-time smearing is incompatible with Zwanziger's gauge fixing, which is the only known nonperturbaive covariant gauge fixing for nonabelian gauge theories. Finally, a successful covariant derivative scheme is discussed which avoids the difficulties encountered with the earlier stochastic regularization by fifth-time smearing. For QCD the regularized formulation is manifestly Lorentz invariant, gauge invariant, ghost free and finite to all orders. A vanishing gluon mass is explicitly verified at one loop. The method is designed to respect relevant symmetries, and is expected to provide suitable regularization for any theory of interest. Hopefully, the scheme will lend itself to nonperturbative analysis. 44 refs., 16 figs

  3. Generalization performance of regularized neural network models

    Larsen, Jan; Hansen, Lars Kai

    1994-01-01

    normally improves the generalization performance by restricting the model complexity. A formula for the optimal weight decay regularizer is derived. A regularized model may be characterized by an effective number of weights (parameters); however, it is demonstrated that no simple definition is possible. A...

  4. On the Equivalence of Regularization Schemes

    YANG Ji-Feng

    2002-01-01

    We illustrate via the sunset diagram that dimensional regularization ‘deforms' the nonlocal contentsof multi-loop diagrams with its equivalence to cutoff regularization scheme recovered only after sub-divergence wassubtracted. Then we employed a differential equation approach for calculating loop diagrams to verify that dimensionalare argued especially in nonperturbativc perspective.

  5. A dynamical transformation of strongly regular graphs

    Emms, D; Severini, S; Wilson, R C; Emms, David; Hancock, Edwin R.; Severini, Simone; Wilson, Richard C.

    2006-01-01

    We define an easily constructible matrix representation of graphs inspired by the notion of coined quantum walks. We conjecture that the eigenvalues of such a representation distinguish a strongly regular graph from its cospectral mates. We verify this conjecture numerically for all the strongly regular graphs that we have tested up to 64 vertices.

  6. A regularized stationary mean-field game

    Yang, Xianjin

    2016-04-19

    In the thesis, we discuss the existence and numerical approximations of solutions of a regularized mean-field game with a low-order regularization. In the first part, we prove a priori estimates and use the continuation method to obtain the existence of a solution with a positive density. Finally, we introduce the monotone flow method and solve the system numerically.

  7. Automating InDesign with Regular Expressions

    Kahrel, Peter

    2006-01-01

    If you need to make automated changes to InDesign documents beyond what basic search and replace can handle, you need regular expressions, and a bit of scripting to make them work. This Short Cut explains both how to write regular expressions, so you can find and replace the right things, and how to use them in InDesign specifically.

  8. Iterative Regularization with Minimum-Residual Methods

    Jensen, Toke Koldborg; Hansen, Per Christian

    2007-01-01

    We study the regularization properties of iterative minimum-residual methods applied to discrete ill-posed problems. In these methods, the projection onto the underlying Krylov subspace acts as a regularizer, and the emphasis of this work is on the role played by the basis vectors of these Krylov...

  9. Iterative regularization with minimum-residual methods

    Jensen, Toke Koldborg; Hansen, Per Christian

    2006-01-01

    We study the regularization properties of iterative minimum-residual methods applied to discrete ill-posed problems. In these methods, the projection onto the underlying Krylov subspace acts as a regularizer, and the emphasis of this work is on the role played by the basis vectors of these Krylov...

  10. Academic Training Lecture Regular Programme

    2012-01-01

    Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays (1/3), by Maria Teresa Dova (Universidad Nacional de La Plata & CONICET, Argentina).   Wednesday, April 25, 2012 from 11:00 to 12:00 (Europe/Zurich) at CERN (500-1-001 - Main Auditorium ) The origin of the highest energy cosmic rays (UHECR) with energies above 1000 TeV, is still unknown. The discovery of their sources will reveal the engines of the most energetic astrophysical accelerators in the universe. In these lectures we present the recent observational results from HiRes, Telescope Array and Pierre Auger Observatory as well as (some of) the possible astrophysical origins of UHECR. These experiments deal with particle interactions at energies orders of magnitude higher than achieved in terrestrial accelerators. Organised by Luis Alvarez-Gaume.

  11. An Iterative Method for the Solution of Nonlinear Regularization Problems with Regularization Parameter Estimation

    Loli Piccolomini, Elena; Zama, Fabiana

    2009-01-01

    Ill posed problems constitute the mathematical model of a large variety of applications. Aim of this paper is to define an iterative algorithm finding the solution of a regularization problem. The method minimizes a function constituted by a least squares term and a generally nonlinear regularization term, weighted by a regularization parameter. The proposed method computes a sequence of iterates approximating the regularization parameter and a sequence of iterates appro...

  12. Major earthquakes occur regularly on an isolated plate boundary fault.

    Berryman, Kelvin R; Cochran, Ursula A; Clark, Kate J; Biasi, Glenn P; Langridge, Robert M; Villamor, Pilar

    2012-06-29

    The scarcity of long geological records of major earthquakes, on different types of faults, makes testing hypotheses of regular versus random or clustered earthquake recurrence behavior difficult. We provide a fault-proximal major earthquake record spanning 8000 years on the strike-slip Alpine Fault in New Zealand. Cyclic stratigraphy at Hokuri Creek suggests that the fault ruptured to the surface 24 times, and event ages yield a 0.33 coefficient of variation in recurrence interval. We associate this near-regular earthquake recurrence with a geometrically simple strike-slip fault, with high slip rate, accommodating a high proportion of plate boundary motion that works in isolation from other faults. We propose that it is valid to apply time-dependent earthquake recurrence models for seismic hazard estimation to similar faults worldwide. PMID:22745426

  13. Does Motivation for Exercise Influence Post-Exercise Snacking Behavior?

    Dimmock, James A.; Guelfi, Kym J; West, Jessica S.; Tasmiah Masih; Ben Jackson

    2015-01-01

    It is well established that regular exercise plays an important role in achieving a number of health and wellbeing outcomes. However, certain post-exercise behaviors, including the consumption of unhealthy high-calorie foods, can counteract some of the benefits of physical activity. There are at least three overlapping pathways through which exercise may increase the likelihood of consuming pleasurable but unhealthy foods: through impulsive cognitive processes, reflective cognitive processes...

  14. Matrix of regularity for improving the quality of ECGs

    The 12-lead electrocardiography (ECG) is the gold standard for diagnosis of abnormalities of the heart. However, the ECG is susceptible to artifacts, which may lead to wrong diagnosis and thus mistreatment. It is a clinical challenge of great significance differentiating ECG artifacts from patterns of diseases. We propose a computational framework, called the matrix of regularity, to evaluate the quality of ECGs. The matrix of regularity is a novel mechanism to fuse results from multiple tests of signal quality. Moreover, this method can produce a continuous grade, which can more accurately represent the quality of an ECG. When tested on a dataset from the Computing in Cardiology/PhysioNet Challenge 2011, the algorithm achieves up to 95% accuracy. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve is 0.97. The developed framework and computer program have the potential to improve the quality of ECGs collected using conventional and portable devices. (paper)

  15. Regularized plane-wave least-squares Kirchhoff migration

    Wang, Xin

    2013-09-22

    A Kirchhoff least-squares migration (LSM) is developed in the prestack plane-wave domain to increase the quality of migration images. A regularization term is included that accounts for mispositioning of reflectors due to errors in the velocity model. Both synthetic and field results show that: 1) LSM with a reflectivity model common for all the plane-wave gathers provides the best image when the migration velocity model is accurate, but it is more sensitive to the velocity errors, 2) the regularized plane-wave LSM is more robust in the presence of velocity errors, and 3) LSM achieves both computational and IO saving by plane-wave encoding compared to shot-domain LSM for the models tested.

  16. Bounds for graph regularity and removal lemmas

    Conlon, David

    2011-01-01

    We show, for any positive integer k, that there exists a graph in which any equitable partition of its vertices into k parts has at least ck^2/\\log^* k pairs of parts which are not \\epsilon-regular, where c,\\epsilon>0 are absolute constants. This bound is tight up to the constant c and addresses a question of Gowers on the number of irregular pairs in Szemer\\'edi's regularity lemma. In order to gain some control over irregular pairs, another regularity lemma, known as the strong regularity lemma, was developed by Alon, Fischer, Krivelevich, and Szegedy. For this lemma, we prove a lower bound of wowzer-type, which is one level higher in the Ackermann hierarchy than the tower function, on the number of parts in the strong regularity lemma, essentially matching the upper bound. On the other hand, for the induced graph removal lemma, the standard application of the strong regularity lemma, we find a different proof which yields a tower-type bound. We also discuss bounds on several related regularity lemmas, inclu...

  17. Subcortical processing of speech regularities underlies reading and music aptitude in children

    Strait Dana L

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Neural sensitivity to acoustic regularities supports fundamental human behaviors such as hearing in noise and reading. Although the failure to encode acoustic regularities in ongoing speech has been associated with language and literacy deficits, how auditory expertise, such as the expertise that is associated with musical skill, relates to the brainstem processing of speech regularities is unknown. An association between musical skill and neural sensitivity to acoustic regularities would not be surprising given the importance of repetition and regularity in music. Here, we aimed to define relationships between the subcortical processing of speech regularities, music aptitude, and reading abilities in children with and without reading impairment. We hypothesized that, in combination with auditory cognitive abilities, neural sensitivity to regularities in ongoing speech provides a common biological mechanism underlying the development of music and reading abilities. Methods We assessed auditory working memory and attention, music aptitude, reading ability, and neural sensitivity to acoustic regularities in 42 school-aged children with a wide range of reading ability. Neural sensitivity to acoustic regularities was assessed by recording brainstem responses to the same speech sound presented in predictable and variable speech streams. Results Through correlation analyses and structural equation modeling, we reveal that music aptitude and literacy both relate to the extent of subcortical adaptation to regularities in ongoing speech as well as with auditory working memory and attention. Relationships between music and speech processing are specifically driven by performance on a musical rhythm task, underscoring the importance of rhythmic regularity for both language and music. Conclusions These data indicate common brain mechanisms underlying reading and music abilities that relate to how the nervous system responds to

  18. Perfect state transfer over distance-regular spin networks

    Christandl et al. have noted that the d-dimensional hypercube can be projected to a linear chain with d+1 sites so that, by considering fixed but different couplings between the qubits assigned to the sites, the perfect state transfer (PST) can be achieved over arbitrarily long distances in the chain [Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 187902 (2004); Phys. Rev. A 71, 032312 (2005)]. In this work we consider distance-regular graphs as spin networks and note that any such network (not just the hypercube) can be projected to a linear chain and so can allow PST over long distances. We consider some particular spin Hamiltonians which are the extended version of those of Christandl et al. Then, by using techniques such as stratification of distance-regular graphs and spectral analysis methods, we give a procedure for finding a set of coupling constants in the Hamiltonians so that a particular state initially encoded on one site will evolve freely to the opposite site without any dynamical control, i.e., we show how to derive the parameters of the system so that PST can be achieved. It is seen that PST is only allowed in distance-regular spin networks for which, starting from an arbitrary vertex as reference vertex (prepared in the initial state which we wish to transfer), the last stratum of the networks with respect to the reference state contains only one vertex; i.e., stratification of these networks plays an important role which determines in which kinds of networks and between which vertices of them, PST can be allowed. As examples, the cycle network with even number of vertices and d-dimensional hypercube are considered in details and the method is applied for some important distance-regular networks

  19. From recreational to regular drug use

    Järvinen, Margaretha; Ravn, Signe

    2011-01-01

    This article analyses the process of going from recreational use to regular and problematic use of illegal drugs. We present a model containing six career contingencies relevant for young people’s progress from recreational to regular drug use: the closing of social networks, changes in forms of...... extricate themselves from this pattern. Hence, when regular drug users talk about their future, it is not a future characterised by total abstinence from illegal drugs but a future where they have rolled back their drug use career to the recreational drug use pattern they started out with. Empirically, the...

  20. Limitations on Dimensional Regularization in Renyi Entropy

    Bao, Ning

    2016-01-01

    Dimensional regularization is a common method used to regulate the UV divergence of field theoretic quantities. When it is used in the context of Renyi entropy, however, it is important to consider whether such a procedure eliminates the statistical interpretation thereof as a measure of entanglement of states living on a Hilbert space. We therefore examine the dimensionally regularized Renyi entropy of a 4d unitary CFT and show that it admits no underlying Hilbert space in the state-counting sense. This gives a concrete proof that dimensionally regularized Renyi entropy cannot always be obtained as a limit of the Renyi entropy of some finite-dimensional quantum system.

  1. J-regular rings with injectivities

    Shen, Liang

    2010-01-01

    A ring $R$ is called a J-regular ring if R/J(R) is von Neumann regular, where J(R) is the Jacobson radical of R. It is proved that if R is J-regular, then (i) R is right n-injective if and only if every homomorphism from an $n$-generated small right ideal of $R$ to $R_{R}$ can be extended to one from $R_{R}$ to $R_{R}$; (ii) R is right FP-injective if and only if R is right (J, R)-FP-injective. Some known results are improved.

  2. Diagrammatic methods in phase-space regularization

    Using the scalar prototype and gauge theory as the simplest possible examples, diagrammatic methods are developed for the recently proposed phase-space form of continuum regularization. A number of one-loop and all-order applications are given, including general diagrammatic discussions of the nogrowth theorem and the uniqueness of the phase-space stochastic calculus. The approach also generates an alternate derivation of the equivalence of the large-β phase-space regularization to the more conventional coordinate-space regularization. (orig.)

  3. Geometry and Dynamics for Hierarchical Regular Networks

    Boettcher, S.; B. Goncalves; Azaret, J.

    2008-01-01

    The recently introduced hierarchical regular networks HN3 and HN4 are analyzed in detail. We use renormalization group arguments to show that HN3, a 3-regular planar graph, has a diameter growing as \\sqrt{N} with the system size, and random walks on HN3 exhibit super-diffusion with an anomalous exponent d_w = 2 - \\log_2\\phi = 1.306..., where \\phi = (\\sqrt{5} + 1)/2 = 1.618... is the "golden ratio." In contrast, HN4, a non-planar 4-regular graph, has a diameter that grows slower than any power...

  4. Continuum regularization of gauge theory with fermions

    The continuum regularization program is discussed in the case of d-dimensional gauge theory coupled to fermions in an arbitrary representation. Two physically equivalent formulations are given. First, a Grassmann formulation is presented, which is based on the two-noise Langevin equations of Sakita, Ishikawa and Alfaro and Gavela. Second, a non-Grassmann formulation is obtained by regularized integration of the matter fields within the regularized Grassmann system. Explicit perturbation expansions are studied in both formulations, and considerable simplification is found in the integrated non-Grassmann formalism

  5. Crafting networks to achieve, or not achieve, chaotic states.

    De Nigris, Sarah; Leoncini, Xavier

    2015-04-01

    The influence of networks topology on collective properties of dynamical systems defined upon it is studied in the thermodynamic limit. A network model construction scheme is proposed where the number of links and the average eccentricity are controlled. This is done by rewiring links of a regular one-dimensional chain according to a probability p within a specific range r that can depend on the number of vertices N. We compute the thermodynamical behavior of a system defined on the network, the XY-rotors model, and monitor how it is affected by the topological changes. We identify the network effective dimension d as a crucial parameter: topologies with dtopologies with d>2 display a second-order phase transition. Topologies with d=2 exhibit states characterized by infinite susceptibility and macroscopic chaotic, turbulent dynamical behavior. These features are also captured by d in the finite size context. PMID:25974549

  6. COMPARATIVE DESIGN OF REGULAR STRUCTURED MODIFIED BOOTH MULTIPLIER

    Ram RackshaTripathi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Multiplication is a crucial function and plays a vital role for practically any DSP system. Several DSP algorithms require different types of multiplications, specifically modified booth multiplication algorithm. In this paper, a simple approach is proposed for generating last partial product row for reducing extra sign (negative bit bit to achieve more regular structure. As compared to the conventional multipliers these proposed modified Booth’s multipliers can achieve improved reduction in area 5.9%, power 3.2%, and delay 0.5% for 8 x 8 multipliers. We can also observe that achievable improvement for 16 x 16 multiplier in area, power, delay are 4.0%, 2.3%, 0.3% respectively. These multipliers are implemented using verilog HDL and synthesized by using synopsis design compiler with an Artisan TSMC 90nm Technology

  7. Measuring, Enabling and Comparing Modularity, Regularity and Hierarchy in Evolutionary Design

    Hornby, Gregory S.

    2005-01-01

    For computer-automated design systems to scale to complex designs they must be able to produce designs that exhibit the characteristics of modularity, regularity and hierarchy - characteristics that are found both in man-made and natural designs. Here we claim that these characteristics are enabled by implementing the attributes of combination, control-flow and abstraction in the representation. To support this claim we use an evolutionary algorithm to evolve solutions to different sizes of a table design problem using five different representations, each with different combinations of modularity, regularity and hierarchy enabled and show that the best performance happens when all three of these attributes are enabled. We also define metrics for modularity, regularity and hierarchy in design encodings and demonstrate that high fitness values are achieved with high values of modularity, regularity and hierarchy and that there is a positive correlation between increases in fitness and increases in modularity. regularity and hierarchy.

  8. A Biordered Set Representation of Regular Semigroups

    Bing Jun YU; Mang XU

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, for an arbitrary regular biordered set E, by using biorder-isomorphisms between the ω-ideals of E, we construct a fundamental regular semigroup WE called NH-semigroup of E, whose idempotent biordered set is isomorphic to E. We prove further that WE can be used to give a new representation of general regular semigroups in the sense that, for any regular semigroup S with the idempotent biordered set isomorphic to E, there exists a homomorphism from S to WE whose kernel is the greatest idempotent-separating congruence on S and the image is a full symmetric subsemigroup of WE. Moreover, when E is a biordered set of a semilattice E0, WE is isomorphic to the Munn-semigroup TE0; and when E is the biordered set of a band B, WE is isomorphic to the Hall-semigroup WB.

  9. Weakly supervised object detection with posterior regularization

    Hakan Bilen; Marco Pedersoli; Tinne Tuytelaars

    2014-01-01

    Bilen H., Pedersoli M., Tuytelaars T., ''Weakly supervised object detection with posterior regularization'', 25th British machine vision conference - BMVC 2014, 12 pp., September 1-5, 2014, Nottingham, UK.

  10. Regular inspection of safety and relief valves

    Safety valve concepts with self control mechanisms are in regular use in nuclear power plants in the Federal Republic of Germany. The effect of defects in these valves and the influence on inspection practices is discussed. 12 figs., 1 tab

  11. Comparability for ideals of regular rings

    CHEN Huanyin

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we investigate necessary and sufficient conditions under which the ideals possess comparability structure. For regular rings, we prove that every square matrix over ideals satisfying general comparability admits a diagonal reduction by quasi invertible matrices.

  12. A Consistent Regularization Approach for Structured Prediction

    Ciliberto, Carlo; Rudi, Alessandro; Rosasco, Lorenzo

    2016-01-01

    We propose and analyze a regularization approach for structured prediction problems. We characterize a large class of loss functions that allows to naturally embed structured outputs in a linear space. We exploit this fact to design learning algorithms using a surrogate loss approach and regularization techniques. We prove universal consistency and finite sample bounds characterizing the generalization properties of the proposed methods. Experimental results are provided to demonstrate the pr...

  13. Imposing Theoretical Regularity on Flexible Functional Forms

    Apostolos Serletis; Guohua Feng

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we build on work by Gallant and Golub (1984), Diewert and Wales (1987), and Barnett (2002) and provide a comparison among three different methods of imposing theoretical regularity on flexible functional forms - reparameterization using Cholesky factorization, constrained optimization, and Bayesian methodology. We apply the methodology to a translog cost and share equation system and make a distinction between local, regional, pointwise, and global regularity. We find that the i...

  14. Regular-fat dairy and human health

    Astrup, Arne; Bradley, Beth H Rice; Brenna, J Thomas;

    2016-01-01

    In recent history, some dietary recommendations have treated dairy fat as an unnecessary source of calories and saturated fat in the human diet. These assumptions, however, have recently been brought into question by current research on regular fat dairy products and human health. In an effort to......, cheese and yogurt, can be important components of an overall healthy dietary pattern. Systematic examination of the effects of dietary patterns that include regular-fat milk, cheese and yogurt on human health is warranted....

  15. Regularized Maximum Likelihood for Intrinsic Dimension Estimation

    Gupta, Mithun Das

    2012-01-01

    We propose a new method for estimating the intrinsic dimension of a dataset by applying the principle of regularized maximum likelihood to the distances between close neighbors. We propose a regularization scheme which is motivated by divergence minimization principles. We derive the estimator by a Poisson process approximation, argue about its convergence properties and apply it to a number of simulated and real datasets. We also show it has the best overall performance compared with two other intrinsic dimension estimators.

  16. ONLINE REGULARIZED GENERALIZED GRADIENT CLASSIFICATION ALGORITHMS

    Leilei Zhang; Baohui Sheng; Jianli Wang

    2010-01-01

    This paper considers online classification learning algorithms for regularized classification schemes with generalized gradient.A novel capacity independent approach is presented.It verifies the strong convergence of sizes and yields satisfactory convergence rates for polynomially decaying step sizes.Compared with the gradient schemes,this al-gorithm needs only less additional assumptions on the loss function and derives a stronger result with respect to the choice of step sizes and the regularization parameters.

  17. Fast and compact regular expression matching

    Bille, Philip; Farach-Colton, Martin

    2008-01-01

    We study 4 problems in string matching, namely, regular expression matching, approximate regular expression matching, string edit distance, and subsequence indexing, on a standard word RAM model of computation that allows logarithmic-sized words to be manipulated in constant time. We show how to ...... improve the space and/or remove a dependency on the alphabet size for each problem using either an improved tabulation technique of an existing algorithm or by combining known algorithms in a new way....

  18. Assessment of regularization techniques for electrocardiographic imaging

    Milanič, Matija; Jazbinšek, Vojko; MacLeod, Robert S; Brooks, Dana H.; Hren, Rok

    2013-01-01

    A widely used approach to solving the inverse problem in electrocardiography involves computing potentials on the epicardium from measured electrocardiograms (ECGs) on the torso surface. The main challenge of solving this electrocardiographic imaging (ECGI) problem lies in its intrinsic ill-posedness. While many regularization techniques have been developed to control wild oscillations of the solution, the choice of proper regularization methods for obtaining clinically accepta...

  19. Learning Temporal Regularity in Video Sequences

    Hasan, Mahmudul; Choi, Jonghyun; Neumann, Jan; Amit K. Roy-Chowdhury; Larry S. Davis

    2016-01-01

    Perceiving meaningful activities in a long video sequence is a challenging problem due to ambiguous definition of 'meaningfulness' as well as clutters in the scene. We approach this problem by learning a generative model for regular motion patterns, termed as regularity, using multiple sources with very limited supervision. Specifically, we propose two methods that are built upon the autoencoders for their ability to work with little to no supervision. We first leverage the conventional handc...

  20. Multiple graph regularized protein domain ranking

    Wang Jim; Bensmail Halima; Gao Xin

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Protein domain ranking is a fundamental task in structural biology. Most protein domain ranking methods rely on the pairwise comparison of protein domains while neglecting the global manifold structure of the protein domain database. Recently, graph regularized ranking that exploits the global structure of the graph defined by the pairwise similarities has been proposed. However, the existing graph regularized ranking methods are very sensitive to the choice of the graph m...

  1. Szemer\\'edi's regularity lemma revisited

    2005-01-01

    Szemer\\'edi's regularity lemma is a basic tool in graph theory, and also plays an important role in additive combinatorics, most notably in proving Szemer\\'edi's theorem on arithmetic progressions . In this note we revisit this lemma from the perspective of probability theory and information theory instead of graph theory, and observe a variant of this lemma which introduces a new parameter $F$. This stronger version of the regularity lemma was iterated in a recent paper of the author to repr...

  2. Regularization modeling for large-eddy simulation

    Geurts, BJ Bernard; Holm, DD

    2003-01-01

    A new modeling approach for large-eddy simulation (LES) is obtained by combining a `regularization principle' with an explicit filter and its inversion. This regularization approach allows a systematic derivation of the implied subgrid-model, which resolves the closure problem. The central role of the filter in LES is fully restored, i.e., both the interpretation of LES predictions in terms of direct simulation results as well as the corresponding subgrid closure are specified by the filter. ...

  3. Quantum cooling evaporation process in regular black holes

    We investigate a universal behavior of thermodynamics and evaporation process for the regular black holes. We observe an important point where the temperature is maximum, the heat capacity is changed from negative infinity to positive infinity, and the free energy is minimum. Furthermore, this point separates the evaporation process into the early stage with negative heat capacity and the late stage with positive heat capacity. The latter represents the quantum cooling evaporation process. As a result, the whole evaporation process could be regarded as the inverse Hawking-Page phase transition

  4. Quantum Cooling Evaporation Process in Regular Black Holes

    Myung, Y S; Park, Y J; Kim, Yong-Wan; Myung, Yun Soo; Park, Young-Jai

    2007-01-01

    We investigate a universal behavior of thermodynamics and evaporation process for the regular black holes. We newly observe an important point where the temperature is maximum, the heat capacity is changed from negative infinity to positive infinity, and the free energy is minimum. Furthermore, this point separates the evaporation process into the early stage with negative heat capacity and the late stage with positive heat capacity. The latter represents the quantum cooling evaporation process. As a result, the whole evaporation process could be regarded as the inverse Hawking-Page phase transition.

  5. Parallel Coordinate Descent for L1-Regularized Loss Minimization

    Bradley, Joseph K; Bickson, Danny; Guestrin, Carlos

    2011-01-01

    We propose Shotgun, a parallel coordinate descent algorithm for minimizing L1-regularized losses. Though coordinate descent seems inherently sequential, we prove convergence bounds for Shotgun which predict linear speedups, up to a problem-dependent limit. We present a comprehensive empirical study of Shotgun for Lasso and sparse logistic regression. Our theoretical predictions on the potential for parallelism closely match behavior on real data. Shotgun outperforms other published solvers on a range of large problems, proving to be one of the most scalable algorithms for L1.

  6. Spatially varying Riemannian elasticity regularization: Application to thoracic CT registration in image-guided radiotherapy

    Bjerre, Troels; Hansen, Mads Fogtmann; Aznar, M.; af Rosenschold, P. Munck; Specht, L.; Larsen, Rasmus

    For deformable registration of computed tomography (CT) scans in image guided radiation therapy (IGRT) we apply Riemannian elasticity regularization. We explore the use of spatially varying elasticity parameters to encourage bone rigidity and local tissue volume change only in the gross tumor......-model we achieved a total mean target registration error (TRE) of 0.92 ± 0.49 mm. Using spatially varying regularization for the HL case, deformation was limited to the GTV and lungs....

  7. Regularized Adaptive Notch Filters for Acoustic Howling Suppression

    Gil-Cacho, Pepe; van Waterschoot, Toon; Moonen, Marc;

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, a method for the suppression of acoustic howling is developed, based on adaptive notch filters (ANF) with regularization (RANF). The method features three RANFs working in parallel to achieve frequency tracking, howling detection and suppression. The ANF-based approach to howling...... components in the source signal are not affected. The RANFs proposed in this paper are implemented in direct form and are updated using a gradient descent type algorithm. Results show that, under certain conditions, the level of suppression and sound quality is similar to what is obtained with frame...

  8. A Faith-Based and Cultural Approach to Promoting Self-Efficacy and Regular Exercise in Older African American Women

    Quinn, Mary Ellen; Guion, W. Kent

    2010-01-01

    The health benefits of regular exercise are well documented, yet there has been limited success in the promotion of regular exercise in older African American women. Based on theoretical and evidence-based findings, the authors recommend a behavioral self-efficacy approach to guide exercise interventions in this high-risk population. Interventions…

  9. The Atomic Regular Polyhedron Electronic Shell

    Zilong Kong

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The periodic table of elements is arranged based on a series of regular polyhedron. The stability of inert gas atoms can be explained by the distribution of electrons, as well as their motion and magnetic force structure. A magnetic force regular octahedron is proposed. It is a unique configuration that best satisfies the convergence of electrons moving in the same direction within regular polyhedra. In the case of an electrostatic force crust, the formal electron spin accounts for the crusts intrinsic magnetic moment exceeding the speed of light. If one is to consider that the electron has a magnetic outer layer and an electrostatic inner layer, then the question can be solved and abovementioned inference can provide the basis for magnetic force and momentum for the regular octahedron model. The electron periphery has twenty-petal adsorptive substances; the existence of adsorptive substance causes the magnetic force greater than the electrostatic force. Each electronic shell in the regular polyhedron is in accordance with the electron configuration of periodic table of elements; the kinetic track of each electron is a surface of regular polyhedron. The magnetic properties of iron, cobalt, and nickel can be explained by the regular dodecahedron electronic shell of an atom. The electron orbit converged from reverse direction can explain diamond. The adsorptive substances found in atomic nuclei and electrons are defined as magnetic particles called magnetons. The thermodynamic magneton theory can be better explained when it is analyzed using principles of thermodynamics, superconductivity, viscosity, and even in the creation of glass. The structure of the light is a helical line.

  10. Graded Achievement, Tested Achievement, and Validity

    Brookhart, Susan M.

    2015-01-01

    Twenty-eight studies of grades, over a century, were reviewed using the argument-based approach to validity suggested by Kane as a theoretical framework. The review draws conclusions about the meaning of graded achievement, its relation to tested achievement, and changes in the construct of graded achievement over time. "Graded…

  11. A Construction for P-Regular Semigroups

    2000-01-01

    @@A regular semigroup S with a special involution *, i.e., a unaryoperation on S satisfying (x*)*=x, xx*x=x, (xy)*=y*x* x, y S, is called a regular *-semigroup[1]. It has been shown by Yamada[2] that a regular semigroup S is a regular *-semigroup if and only if ithas a P-system, that is to say, there is a subset P ofE(S) such that   (c.1) (1) ( p, q P) pq E(S), pqp P;   (2) ( a S) ( | a+ V(a)) aP1a+, a+P1a P.As a generalization of regular *-semigroup and orthodox semigroup,Yamada[3] defined P-regular semigroup. Let S be a regularsemigroup. A subset P of E(S) is called a C-set in S if   (c.2) (1) ( p, q P) pq E(S), pqp P;   (2) ( a S) ( a+ V(a)) aP1a+, a+P1a P.   In this case, (S,P) forms a P-regular semigroup, innotation S(P). The element a+ in(c.2) (2) is called a P-inverse of a. The set of all P-inverses of a is denoted by VP(a). S(P) is said to bestrongly, meanwhile P is called a strong C-set in S, ifVP(p) P for all p P. A partial groupoid E as well as its partial subgroupoid Pforms a P-regular partial band and is denoted by E(P) if itis exactly the subalgebra of the idempotents in some P-regularsemigroup S(P). In this case, S(P) is called an adjacentsemigroup E(P). All P-regular partial bands are obtained inZhang and He[4].

  12. Regularities, Natural Patterns and Laws of Nature

    Stathis Psillos

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available  The goal of this paper is to sketch an empiricist metaphysics of laws of nature. The key idea is that there are regularities without regularity-enforcers. Differently put, there are natural laws without law-makers of a distinct metaphysical kind. This sketch will rely on the concept of a natural pattern and more significantly on the existence of a network of natural patterns in nature. The relation between a regularity and a pattern will be analysed in terms of mereology.  Here is the road map. In section 2, I will briefly discuss the relation between empiricism and metaphysics, aiming to show that an empiricist metaphysics is possible. In section 3, I will offer arguments against stronger metaphysical views of laws. Then, in section 4 I will motivate nomic objectivism. In section 5, I will address the question ‘what is a regularity?’ and will develop a novel answer to it, based on the notion of a natural pattern. In section 6, I will raise the question: ‘what is a law of nature?’, the answer to which will be: a law of nature is a regularity that is characterised by the unity of a natural pattern.

  13. Regular Expression Matching and Operational Semantics

    Asiri Rathnayake

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Many programming languages and tools, ranging from grep to the Java String library, contain regular expression matchers. Rather than first translating a regular expression into a deterministic finite automaton, such implementations typically match the regular expression on the fly. Thus they can be seen as virtual machines interpreting the regular expression much as if it were a program with some non-deterministic constructs such as the Kleene star. We formalize this implementation technique for regular expression matching using operational semantics. Specifically, we derive a series of abstract machines, moving from the abstract definition of matching to increasingly realistic machines. First a continuation is added to the operational semantics to describe what remains to be matched after the current expression. Next, we represent the expression as a data structure using pointers, which enables redundant searches to be eliminated via testing for pointer equality. From there, we arrive both at Thompson's lockstep construction and a machine that performs some operations in parallel, suitable for implementation on a large number of cores, such as a GPU. We formalize the parallel machine using process algebra and report some preliminary experiments with an implementation on a graphics processor using CUDA.

  14. Characterizing the functional MRI response using Tikhonov regularization.

    Vakorin, Vasily A; Borowsky, Ron; Sarty, Gordon E

    2007-09-20

    The problem of evaluating an averaged functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) response for repeated block design experiments was considered within a semiparametric regression model with autocorrelated residuals. We applied functional data analysis (FDA) techniques that use a least-squares fitting of B-spline expansions with Tikhonov regularization. To deal with the noise autocorrelation, we proposed a regularization parameter selection method based on the idea of combining temporal smoothing with residual whitening. A criterion based on a generalized chi(2)-test of the residuals for white noise was compared with a generalized cross-validation scheme. We evaluated and compared the performance of the two criteria, based on their effect on the quality of the fMRI response. We found that the regularization parameter can be tuned to improve the noise autocorrelation structure, but the whitening criterion provides too much smoothing when compared with the cross-validation criterion. The ultimate goal of the proposed smoothing techniques is to facilitate the extraction of temporal features in the hemodynamic response for further analysis. In particular, these FDA methods allow us to compute derivatives and integrals of the fMRI signal so that fMRI data may be correlated with behavioral and physiological models. For example, positive and negative hemodynamic responses may be easily and robustly identified on the basis of the first derivative at an early time point in the response. Ultimately, these methods allow us to verify previously reported correlations between the hemodynamic response and the behavioral measures of accuracy and reaction time, showing the potential to recover new information from fMRI data. PMID:17634970

  15. k-Factors in Regular Graphs

    Wai Chee SHIU; Gui Zhen LIU

    2008-01-01

    Plesnik in 1972 proved that an (m - 1)-edge connected m-regular graph of even order has a 1-factor containing any given edge and has another 1-factor excluding any given m - 1 edges.Alder et al.In 1999 showed that if G is a regular (2n + 1)-edge-connected bipartite graph,then G has a 1-factor containing any given edge and excluding any given matching of size n.In this paper we obtain some sufficient conditions related to the edge-connectivity for an n-regular graph to have a k-factor containing a set of edges and (or) excluding a set of edges,where 1 ≤ k ≤ n/2.In particular,we generalize Plesnik's result and the results obtained by Liu et al.In 1998,and improve Katerinis' result obtained 1993.Furthermore,we show that the results in this paper are the best possible.

  16. Shadow of rotating regular black holes

    Abdujabbarov, Ahmadjon; Ahmedov, Bobomurat; Ghosh, Sushant G

    2016-01-01

    We study the shadows cast by the different types of rotating regular black holes viz. Ay\\'on-Beato-Garc\\'ia {(ABG)}, Hayward, and Bardeen. These black holes have in addition to the total mass ($M$) and rotation parameter ($a$), different parameters as electric charge ($Q$), deviation parameter ($g$), and magnetic charge ($g_{*}$), respectively. Interestingly, the size of the shadow is affected by these parameters in addition to the rotation parameter. We found that the radius of the shadow in each case decreases monotonically and the distortion parameter increases when the value of these parameters increase. A comparison with the standard Kerr case is also investigated. We have also studied the influence of the plasma environment around regular black holes to discuss its shadow. The presence of the plasma affects the apparent size of the regular black hole's shadow to be increased due to two effects (i) gravitational redshift of the photons and (ii) radial dependence of plasma density.

  17. Shadow of rotating regular black holes

    Abdujabbarov, Ahmadjon; Amir, Muhammed; Ahmedov, Bobomurat; Ghosh, Sushant G.

    2016-05-01

    We study the shadows cast by the different types of rotating regular black holes viz. Ayón-Beato-García (ABG), Hayward, and Bardeen. These black holes have in addition to the total mass (M ) and rotation parameter (a ), different parameters as electric charge (Q ), deviation parameter (g ), and magnetic charge (g*). Interestingly, the size of the shadow is affected by these parameters in addition to the rotation parameter. We found that the radius of the shadow in each case decreases monotonically, and the distortion parameter increases when the values of these parameters increase. A comparison with the standard Kerr case is also investigated. We have also studied the influence of the plasma environment around regular black holes to discuss its shadow. The presence of the plasma affects the apparent size of the regular black hole's shadow to be increased due to two effects: (i) gravitational redshift of the photons and (ii) radial dependence of plasma density.

  18. Fractional Regularization Term for Variational Image Registration

    Rafael Verdú-Monedero

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Image registration is a widely used task of image analysis with applications in many fields. Its classical formulation and current improvements are given in the spatial domain. In this paper a regularization term based on fractional order derivatives is formulated. This term is defined and implemented in the frequency domain by translating the energy functional into the frequency domain and obtaining the Euler-Lagrange equations which minimize it. The new regularization term leads to a simple formulation and design, being applicable to higher dimensions by using the corresponding multidimensional Fourier transform. The proposed regularization term allows for a real gradual transition from a diffusion registration to a curvature registration which is best suited to some applications and it is not possible in the spatial domain. Results with 3D actual images show the validity of this approach.

  19. Regularization and Migration Policy in Europe

    Philippe de Bruycker

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available The following pages present, in a general way, the contents of Regularization of illegal immigrants in the European Union, which includes a comparative synthesis and statistical information for each of the eight countries involved; a description of actions since the beginning of the year 2000; and a systematic analysis of the different categories of foreigners, the types of regularization carried out, and the rules that have governed these actions.In relation to regularization, the author considers the political coherence of the actions taken by the member states as well as how they relate to two ever more crucial aspects of immigration policy –the integration of legal resident immigrants and the fight againstillegal immigration in the context of a control of migratory flows.

  20. Weighted power counting and chiral dimensional regularization

    Anselmi, Damiano

    2014-01-01

    We define a modified dimensional-regularization technique that overcomes several difficulties of the ordinary technique, and is specially designed to work efficiently in chiral and parity violating quantum field theories, in arbitrary dimensions greater than 2. When the dimension of spacetime is continued to complex values, spinors, vectors and tensors keep the components they have in the physical dimension, therefore the gamma matrices are the standard ones. Propagators are regularized with the help of evanescent higher-derivative kinetic terms, which are of Majorana type in the case of chiral fermions. If the new terms are organized in a clever way, weighted power counting provides an efficient control on the renormalization of the theory, and allows us to show that the resulting chiral dimensional regularization is consistent to all orders. The new technique considerably simplifies the proofs of properties that hold to all orders, and makes them suitable to be generalized to wider classes of models. Typica...

  1. Regularized Robust Coding for Face Recognition

    Meng, Yang; Jian, Yang; Zhang, David

    2012-01-01

    Recently the sparse representation based classification (SRC) has been proposed for robust face recognition (FR). In SRC, the testing image is coded as a sparse linear combination of the training samples, and the representation fidelity is measured by the l2-norm or l1-norm of the coding residual. Such a sparse coding model assumes that the coding residual follows Gaussian or Laplacian distribution, which may not be effective enough to describe the coding residual in practical FR systems. Meanwhile, the sparsity constraint on the coding coefficients makes SRC's computational cost very high. In this paper, we propose a new face coding model, namely regularized robust coding (RRC), which could robustly regress a given signal with regularized regression coefficients. By assuming that the coding residual and the coding coefficient are respectively independent and identically distributed, the RRC seeks for a maximum a posterior solution of the coding problem. An iteratively reweighted regularized robust coding (IR...

  2. Introduction to Searching with Regular Expressions

    Frenz, Christopher M

    2008-01-01

    The explosive rate of information growth and availability often makes it increasingly difficult to locate information pertinent to your needs. These problems are often compounded when keyword based search methodologies are not adequate for describing the information you seek. In many instances, information such as Web site URLs, phone numbers, etc. can often be better identified through the use of a textual pattern than by keyword. For example, many more phone numbers could be picked up by a search for the pattern (XXX) XXX-XXXX, where X could be any digit, than would be by a search for any specific phone number (i.e. the keyword approach). Programming languages typically allow for the matching of textual patterns via the usage of regular expressions. This tutorial will provide an introduction to the basics of programming regular expressions as well as provide an introduction to how regular expressions can be applied to data processing tasks such as information extraction and search refinement.

  3. Provably optimal parallel transport sweeps on regular grids

    We have found provably optimal algorithms for full-domain discrete-ordinate transport sweeps on regular grids in 3D Cartesian geometry. We describe these algorithms and sketch a 'proof that they always execute the full eight-octant sweep in the minimum possible number of stages for a given Px x Py x Pz partitioning. Computational results demonstrate that our optimal scheduling algorithms execute sweeps in the minimum possible stage count. Observed parallel efficiencies agree well with our performance model. An older version of our PDT transport code achieves almost 80% parallel efficiency on 131,072 cores, on a weak-scaling problem with only one energy group, 80 directions, and 4096 cells/core. A newer version is less efficient at present-we are still improving its implementation - but achieves almost 60% parallel efficiency on 393,216 cores. These results conclusively demonstrate that sweeps can perform with high efficiency on core counts approaching 106. (authors)

  4. Some common regularities of synergistic effects display

    Our purpose here is to review and discuss some new general rules of synergistic effect display. The response of various biological objects to the simultaneous combined action of hyperthermia with ionizing radiation, ultraviolet light, ultrasound and some chemical agents was analysed using the experimental data obtained by authors. To check the universality of the regularities of synergistic effect display, the results published by others were also involved. The data presented strongly invoke the need to elaborate a new theoretical conception of the synergy which, being useful for environmental radiation protection, took into account the new regularities revealed. (author)

  5. [Why regular physical activity favors longevity].

    Pentimone, F; Del Corso, L

    1998-06-01

    Regular physical exercise is useful at all ages. In the elderly, even a gentle exercise programme consisting of walking, bicycling, playing golf if performed constantly increases longevity by preventing the onset of the main diseases or alleviating the handicaps they may have caused. Cardiovascular diseases, which represent the main cause of death in the elderly, and osteoporosis, a disabling disease potentially capable of shortening life expectancy, benefit from physical exercise which if performed regularly well before the start of old age may help to prevent them. Over the past few years there has been growing evidence of the concrete protection offered against neoplasia and even the ageing process itself. PMID:9739351

  6. Regular transport dynamics produce chaotic travel times.

    Villalobos, Jorge; Muñoz, Víctor; Rogan, José; Zarama, Roberto; Johnson, Neil F; Toledo, Benjamín; Valdivia, Juan Alejandro

    2014-06-01

    In the hope of making passenger travel times shorter and more reliable, many cities are introducing dedicated bus lanes (e.g., Bogota, London, Miami). Here we show that chaotic travel times are actually a natural consequence of individual bus function, and hence of public transport systems more generally, i.e., chaotic dynamics emerge even when the route is empty and straight, stops and lights are equidistant and regular, and loading times are negligible. More generally, our findings provide a novel example of chaotic dynamics emerging from a single object following Newton's laws of motion in a regularized one-dimensional system. PMID:25019866

  7. Tooth Loss in Problem-oriented, Irregular, and Regular Attenders at Dental Offices.

    Yoshino, Koichi; Ito, Koji; Kuroda, Masahiko; Sugihara, Naoki

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this retrospective study was to compare number of teeth lost among regular attenders (RAs), irregular attenders (IRAs), and problem-oriented attenders (POAs) at dental offices over a 10-yr observation period. Information on tooth loss was obtained from general practitioners. Patients were divided into 3 groups based on appointment adherence. A total of 1,886 teeth were lost in 1,400 patients. The mean number of teeth lost in men was 2.2±2.6 per patient over 10 yr in POAs, 1.2±1.7 in IRAs, and 1.5±1.5 in RAs. This number was significantly lower in IRAs (p = 0.011) or RAs (p=0.012) than in POAs. When the dependent variable was defined as "a patient with at least 2 or more extracted teeth", the independent variables showed the following correlations with tooth loss: IRAs (OR: 0.54; 95%CI: 0.35-0.84), RAs (OR: 0.65; 95%CI: 0.47-0.89), man (OR: 1.43; 95%CI: 1.11-1.83), hypertension (OR: 1.38; 95%CI: 1.04-1.85), 20-25 present teeth (OR: 2.41; 95%CI: 1.81-3.22), and 1-19 present teeth (OR: 3.75; 95%CI: 2.73-5.16). The risk of tooth loss showed a 0.65-fold increase in RAs undergoing maintenance compared with POAs. Motivating patients to visit the dentist more regularly and undergo maintenance is important. The present results may be of use to dental professionals in providing patients with detailed information on potential tooth loss and associated risk factors with the aim of achieving such a change in behavior. PMID:26961332

  8. Computation of Regularized Linear Discriminant Analysis

    Kalina, Jan; Valenta, Zdeněk; Duintjer Tebbens, Jurjen

    ISI, 2014. s. 8-8. [COMPSTAT 2014. International Conference on Computational Statistics /21./. 19.08.2014-22.08.2014, Geneva] Institutional support: RVO:67985807 Keywords : classification analysis * regularization * Matrix decomposition * shrinkage eigenvalues * high-dimensional data Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research

  9. RBOOST: RIEMANNIAN DISTANCE BASED REGULARIZED BOOSTING.

    Liu, Meizhu; Vemuri, Baba C

    2011-03-30

    Boosting is a versatile machine learning technique that has numerous applications including but not limited to image processing, computer vision, data mining etc. It is based on the premise that the classification performance of a set of weak learners can be boosted by some weighted combination of them. There have been a number of boosting methods proposed in the literature, such as the AdaBoost, LPBoost, SoftBoost and their variations. However, the learning update strategies used in these methods usually lead to overfitting and instabilities in the classification accuracy. Improved boosting methods via regularization can overcome such difficulties. In this paper, we propose a Riemannian distance regularized LPBoost, dubbed RBoost. RBoost uses Riemannian distance between two square-root densities (in closed form) - used to represent the distribution over the training data and the classification error respectively - to regularize the error distribution in an iterative update formula. Since this distance is in closed form, RBoost requires much less computational cost compared to other regularized Boosting algorithms. We present several experimental results depicting the performance of our algorithm in comparison to recently published methods, LP-Boost and CAVIAR, on a variety of datasets including the publicly available OASIS database, a home grown Epilepsy database and the well known UCI repository. Results depict that the RBoost algorithm performs better than the competing methods in terms of accuracy and efficiency. PMID:21927643

  10. Revisiting extensions of regularly varying functions

    Cadena, Meitner

    2015-01-01

    Relationships among the classes ${\\cal M}$, ${\\cal M}_\\infty$, and ${\\cal M}_{-\\infty}$ and the class of \\emph{O}-regularly varying functions are shown. These results are based on two characterizations of ${\\cal M}$, ${\\cal M}_\\infty$, and ${\\cal M}_{-\\infty}$ provided by Cadena and Kratz in [7] and a new one given in this note.

  11. Algorithms for Regularized Linear Discriminant Analysis

    Kalina, Jan; Duintjer Tebbens, Jurjen

    Lisbon: Scitepress, 2015. s. 48-48. [BIOSTEC 2015. International Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies . 12.01.2015-15.01.2015, Lisbon] Institutional support: RVO:67985807 Keywords : classification analysis * regularization * high-dimensional data * matrix decomposition * computational aspects Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science

  12. Regularization algorithms based on total least squares

    Hansen, Per Christian; O'Leary, Dianne P.

    1996-01-01

    or truncated {\\em SVD}, are not designed for problems in which both the coefficient matrix and the right-hand side are known only approximately. For this reason, we develop {\\em TLS}\\/-based regularization methods that take this situation into account. Here, we survey two different approaches to incorporation...

  13. Commitment and Dependence Upon Regular Running.

    Sachs, Michael L.; Pargman, David

    The linear relationship between intellectual commitment to running and psychobiological dependence upon running is examined. A sample of 540 regular runners (running frequency greater than three days per week for the past year for the majority) was surveyed with a questionnaire. Measures of commitment and dependence on running, as well as…

  14. A class of completely regular spaces

    Patrik E. Eklund

    1984-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we investigate topologies with ultrafilters having bases of open sets. It is shown that these topologies are completely regular. All results are obtained by using Richardson's compactification of convergence spaces. We also prove a non-existance of a dense convergence space compactification with lifting property.

  15. Analytic stochastic regularization and gauge theories

    We prove that analytic stochatic regularization braks gauge invariance. This is done by an explicit one loop calculation of the two three and four point vertex functions of the gluon field in scalar chromodynamics, which turns out not to be geuge invariant. We analyse the counter term structure, Langevin equations and the construction of composite operators in the general framework of stochastic quantization. (author)

  16. Evolution of Product Kernels for Regularization Networks

    Vidnerová, Petra; Neruda, Roman

    Berlin: Springer, 2011 - (Huang, D.; Gan, Y.; Bevilacqua, V.; Figueroa, J.), nevyšlo tiskem. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 6838). ISBN 978-3-642-24727-9. ISSN 0302-9743. [ICIC 2011. International Conference on Intelligent Computing. Zhengzhou (CN), 11.08.2011-14.08.2011] Keywords : genetic algorithms * kernel functions * regularization networks Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science

  17. Deconvolution and Regularization with Toeplitz Matrices

    Hansen, Per Christian

    2002-01-01

    of these discretized deconvolution problems, with emphasis on methods that take the special structure of the matrix into account. Wherever possible, analogies to classical DFT-based deconvolution problems are drawn. Among other things, we present direct methods for regularization with Toeplitz matrices, and we show...

  18. Thermodynamics of the Bardeen Regular Black Hole

    We deal with the thermodynamic properties of the Bardeen regular black hole with reference to their respective horizons. It is argued here that the expression of the heat capacity at horizons is positive in one parameter region and negative in the other, and between them the heat capacity diverges where the black hole undergoes the second-order phase transition. (general)

  19. Regularization of turbulence - a comprehensive modeling approach

    Turbulence readily arises in numerous flows in nature and technology. The large number of degrees of freedom of turbulence poses serious challenges to numerical approaches aimed at simulating and controlling such flows. While the Navier-Stokes equations are commonly accepted to precisely describe fluid turbulence, alternative coarsened descriptions need to be developed to cope with the wide range of length and time scales. These coarsened descriptions are known as large-eddy simulations in which one aims to capture only the primary features of a flow, at considerably reduced computational effort. Such coarsening introduces a closure problem that requires additional phenomenological modeling. A systematic approach to the closure problem, know as regularization modeling, will be reviewed. Its application to multiphase turbulent will be illustrated in which a basic regularization principle is enforced to physically consistently approximate momentum and scalar transport. Examples of Leray and LANS-alpha regularization are discussed in some detail, as are compatible numerical strategies. We illustrate regularization modeling to turbulence under the influence of rotation and buoyancy and investigate the accuracy with which particle-laden flow can be represented. A discussion of the numerical and modeling errors incurred will be given on the basis of homogeneous isotropic turbulence.

  20. Regularity of the Gurtin-Pipkin equation

    Ivanov, Sergei A

    2012-01-01

    We study regularity of the solution $\\theta$ to the Gurtin-Pipkin integral-differential equation of the first order in time. The solution smoothness in Sobolev spaces is proved. Also it is proved that the 'perturbation' part, namely, the difference of $\\theta$ and the solution to the corresponding wave equation is smoother than $\\theta$.

  1. Annotation of regular polysemy and underspecification

    Martínez Alonso, Héctor; Pedersen, Bolette Sandford; Bel, Núria

    2013-01-01

    We present the result of an annotation task on regular polysemy for a series of seman- tic classes or dot types in English, Dan- ish and Spanish. This article describes the annotation process, the results in terms of inter-encoder agreement, and the sense distributions obtained with two methods...

  2. Impacts of a parent intervention program: their children's academic achievement and classroom behavior / Impactos de uma intervenção com pais: o desempenho acadêmico e comportamento das crianças na escola

    Fabiana Cia

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the impacts of a parent intervention program on the academic performance and classroom behavior of their children. The participants of the study were either first or second grade students. There were three groups of participants: Experimental Group 1 (EG1 - 29 children whose fathers participated in the intervention program along with the children's teachers; Experimental Group 2 (EG2 - 36 children whose mothers participated in the intervention program along with the children's teachers; and Control Experimental Group (CG - 34 children, whose parents did not participate in the intervention program, and the children's teachers. Before and after the intervention program, the children were evaluated using the Academic Achievement Test (AAT and their teachers completed an open-ended questionnaire as well as the teacher's version of the Social Skills Rating Scale (SSRS-T. In comparison with the pre-test, in the post-test the children in the EG1 and EG2 (but not in the CG obtained: (a higher overall scores in the AAT and in the reading sub-test; (b more positive results in the SSRS-T; and (c were rated by their teachers as presenting a greater number of positive attributes and a smaller number of negative attributes.

  3. Outer measures, measurability, and lattice regular measures

    J. Ponnley

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available Let X be an arbitrary non-empty set, and ℒ a lattice of subsets of X such that ∅, X∈ℒ. 𝒜(ℒ denotes the algebra generated by ℒ and I(ℒ those zero-one valued, non-trivial, finitely additive measures on 𝒜(ℒIσ(ℒ denotes those elements of I(ℒ that are σ-smooth on ℒ, and IR(ℒ denotes those elements of I(ℒ that are ℒ-regular while IRσ(ℒ=IR(ℒ∩Iσ(ℒ. In terms of those and other subsets of I(ℒ, various outer measures are introduced, and their properties are investigated. Also, the interplay between the measurable sets associated with these outer measures, regularity properties of the measures, smoothness properties of the measures, and lattice topological properties are thoroughly investigated- yielding new results for regularity or weak regularity of these measures, as well as domination on a lattice of a suitably given measure by a regular one Finally, elements of Iσ(ℒ are fully characterized in terms of induced measures on a certain generalized Wallman space.

  4. CEREBRAL PALSY AND MUSIC ACHIEVEMENT

    Miodrag L. STOSHLJEVIKJ

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Pupils with cerebral palsy attend elementary education accordind to a regular and special teaching plan and program. Regular school curriculum was reformed in 1992, while special plan and program has not been changed and adapted according to pupil’s needs and capacities. Music is one of the best means of expressing oneself and plays a very important role in the development of every child, the child with cerebral palsy in particular.In order to test the possibility of pupils with cerebral palsy, with and without mental retardation, to apprehend the actual program content, we have conducted research on musical achievement of children with cerebral palsy. During 2007 a research was carried out, on the sample of 27 pupils with cerebral palsy and mild mental retardation who attended classes in the school “Miodrag Matikj”, and a sample of16 students with cerebral palsy without mental retardation who attended the school “Dr. Dragan Hercog” in Belgrade.Results of the research, as well as analysis of music curriculum content, indicated that the capacities of students with cerebral palsy to carry out the curriculum tasks require special approach and methodology. Therefore, we introduced some proposals to overcome the difficulties in fulfilling music curriculum demands of those pupils. We made special emphasis on the use of computer based Assistive technology which facilitates the whole process to a large extent.

  5. Automated Assume-Guarantee Reasoning for Omega-Regular Systems and Specifications

    Chaki, Sagar; Gurfinkel, Arie

    2010-01-01

    We develop a learning-based automated Assume-Guarantee (AG) reasoning framework for verifying omega-regular properties of concurrent systems. We study the applicability of non-circular (AGNC) and circular (AG-C) AG proof rules in the context of systems with infinite behaviors. In particular, we show that AG-NC is incomplete when assumptions are restricted to strictly infinite behaviors, while AG-C remains complete. We present a general formalization, called LAG, of the learning based automated AG paradigm. We show how existing approaches for automated AG reasoning are special instances of LAG.We develop two learning algorithms for a class of systems, called infinite regular systems, that combine finite and infinite behaviors. We show that for infinity-regular systems, both AG-NC and AG-C are sound and complete. Finally, we show how to instantiate LAG to do automated AG reasoning for infinite regular, and omega-regular, systems using both AG-NC and AG-C as proof rules

  6. Regularization of the image division approach to blind deconvolution

    Barraza-Felix, Sergio

    Randomly inhomogeneous media, such as a turbulent atmosphere, degrade images taken by optical systems. This imposes strong limitations on the resolution achieved by optical systems. The quest for increasing the angular resolution of terrestrial telescopes is still open. This work is a small contribution in that quest. A problem of blind deconvolution arises when one attempts to restore a short-exposure image that has been degraded by random atmospheric turbulence. The image division method attacks this problem by using two short-exposure images of the same object and taking the ratio of their respective Fourier transforms. The result is the quotient of the unknowns transfer functions. The latter are expressed as Fourier series in corresponding point-spread functions. Cross multiplying the division equation gives a system of linear equations with the point-spread functions as unknowns. It is found that the system of linear equations, resulting from the implementation of the image division method, has a multiplicity of solutions. Moreover such system of equations is poorly conditioned. This brings the necessity of a regularization approach. This dissertation describes the development and implementation of a regularization algorithm for the image division method. Using this regularization algorithm the blind deconvolution problem is posed as a constrained least-squares problem. A least-squares solution is found by computing a QR factorization of the system matrix. The Householder transformation method is used to find this factorization. The QR decomposition transforms the problem into an upper-triangular system of equations which is solved by backsubstitution. Prior partial knowledge about the point-spread functions and the object (such as finite support and positivity) is used to impose constrains on the solution, solving the multiplicity-solutions problem. The regularization algorithm is tested with simulated and real data. Good quality reconstructions are obtained

  7. Adding noise to the input of a model trained with a regularized objective

    Rifai, Salah; Bengio, Yoshua; Vincent, Pascal

    2011-01-01

    Regularization is a well studied problem in the context of neural networks. It is usually used to improve the generalization performance when the number of input samples is relatively small or heavily contaminated with noise. The regularization of a parametric model can be achieved in different manners some of which are early stopping (Morgan and Bourlard, 1990), weight decay, output smoothing that are used to avoid overfitting during the training of the considered model. From a Bayesian point of view, many regularization techniques correspond to imposing certain prior distributions on model parameters (Krogh and Hertz, 1991). Using Bishop's approximation (Bishop, 1995) of the objective function when a restricted type of noise is added to the input of a parametric function, we derive the higher order terms of the Taylor expansion and analyze the coefficients of the regularization terms induced by the noisy input. In particular we study the effect of penalizing the Hessian of the mapping function with respect ...

  8. Maximum-likelihood constrained regularized algorithms: an objective criterion for the determination of regularization parameters

    Lanteri, Henri; Roche, Muriel; Cuevas, Olga; Aime, Claude

    1999-12-01

    We propose regularized versions of Maximum Likelihood algorithms for Poisson process with non-negativity constraint. For such process, the best-known (non- regularized) algorithm is that of Richardson-Lucy, extensively used for astronomical applications. Regularization is necessary to prevent an amplification of the noise during the iterative reconstruction; this can be done either by limiting the iteration number or by introducing a penalty term. In this Communication, we focus our attention on the explicit regularization using Tikhonov (Identity and Laplacian operator) or entropy terms (Kullback-Leibler and Csiszar divergences). The algorithms are established from the Kuhn-Tucker first order optimality conditions for the minimization of the Lagrange function and from the method of successive substitutions. The algorithms may be written in a `product form'. Numerical illustrations are given for simulated images corrupted by photon noise. The effects of the regularization are shown in the Fourier plane. The tests we have made indicate that a noticeable improvement of the results may be obtained for some of these explicitly regularized algorithms. We also show that a comparison with a Wiener filter can give the optimal regularizing conditions (operator and strength).

  9. A novel combined regularization algorithm of total variation and Tikhonov regularization for open electrical impedance tomography

    A Tikhonov regularization method in the inverse problem of electrical impedance tomography (EIT) often results in a smooth distribution reconstruction, with which we can barely make a clear separation between the inclusions and background. The recently popular total variation (TV) regularization method including the lagged diffusivity (LD) method can sharpen the edges, and is robust to noise in a small convergence region. Therefore, in this paper, we propose a novel regularization method combining the Tikhonov and LD regularization methods. Firstly, we clarify the implementation details of the Tikhonov, LD and combined methods in two-dimensional open EIT by performing the current injection and voltage measurement on one boundary of the imaging object. Next, we introduce a weighted parameter to the Tikhonov regularization method aiming to explore the effect of the weighted parameter on the resolution and quality of reconstruction images with the inclusion at different depths. Then, we analyze the performance of these algorithms with noisy data. Finally, we evaluate the effect of the current injection pattern on reconstruction quality and propose a modified current injection pattern. The results indicate that the combined regularization algorithm with stable convergence is able to improve the reconstruction quality with sharp contrast and more robust to noise in comparison to the Tikhonov and LD regularization methods solely. In addition, the results show that the current injection pattern with a bigger driver angle leads to a better reconstruction quality. (paper)

  10. Lipid profile of regular blood donors

    Uche EI

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available EI Uche,1 A Adediran,2 OD Damulak,3 TA Adeyemo,2 AA Akinbami,4 AS Akanmu21Department of Hematology and Blood Transfusion, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria; 2Department of Hematology and Blood Transfusion, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria; 3Department of Hematology and Blood Transfusion, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria; 4Department of Hematology and Blood Transfusion, Lagos State University, Ikeja, NigeriaIntroduction: A few reports have linked regular blood donation to the lowering of parameters of lipid profile. Estimating the lipid profile is an accepted method of assessing an individual’s risk for coronary heart disease, particularly if there is evidence of lipid peroxidation. Regular blood donation may lower iron stores, and this in turn lowers lipid peroxidation. This study was carried out to determine the effect of blood donation on lipid profile.Materials and methods: Eighty-two participants consented to participate and were enrolled into the study, 52 of whom were regular blood donors (study group and 30 were non-donors (control group. Venous blood (10 mL was drawn from each subject into new plain screw-capped disposable plastic tubes. This was allowed to clot and the serum was used to determine total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein, and high-density lipoprotein.Results: The mean total cholesterol (4.66 ± 0.86 mmol/L, triglycerides (1.22 ± 0.64 mmol/L, and low-density lipoprotein (2.32 ± 0.73 mmol/L were significantly lower in the regular blood donors than the control group (5.61 ± 1.26 mmol/L, 1.77 ± 2.9 mmol/L, and 3.06 ± 0.89 mmol/L, respectively; P < 0.05 in all cases. Also, while 42% of the study group had a low/high-density lipoprotein ratio of at least three, about 57% of the control group had a ratio of at least three (P = 0.21.Conclusion: Regular blood donation may be protective against cardiovascular disease as reflected by significantly lower mean total

  11. Regularization and Iterative Methods for Monotone Variational Inequalities

    Xiubin Xu

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available We provide a general regularization method for monotone variational inequalities, where the regularizer is a Lipschitz continuous and strongly monotone operator. We also introduce an iterative method as discretization of the regularization method. We prove that both regularization and iterative methods converge in norm.

  12. Near-Regular BTF Texture Model

    Haindl, Michal; Hatka, Martin

    Los Alamitos : IEEE Computer Society CPS, 2010, s. 2114-2117. ISBN 978-1-4244-7542-1. ISSN 1051-4651. [20th International Conference on Pattern Recognition ICPR 2010. Istanbul (TR), 23.08.2010-26.08.2010] R&D Projects: GA MŠk 1M0572; GA ČR GA102/08/0593 Grant ostatní: GA MŠk(CZ) 2C06019 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10750506 Keywords : near-regular texture * texture editing * Markov random field * bidirectional texture function Subject RIV: BD - Theory of Information http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2010/RO/haindl-near-regular btf texture model.pdf

  13. The Metric Dimension of Regular Bipartite Graphs

    Saputro, S W; Salman, A N M; Suprijanto, D; Baca, And M

    2011-01-01

    A set of vertices $W$ resolves a graph $G$ if every vertex is uniquely determined by its vector of distances to the vertices in $W$. A metric dimension of $G$ is the minimum cardinality of a resolving set of $G$. A bipartite graph G(n,n) is a graph whose vertex set $V$ can be partitioned into two subsets $V_1$ and $V_2,$ with $|V_1|=|V_2|=n,$ such that every edge of $G$ joins $V_1$ and $V_2$. The graph $G$ is called $k$-regular if every vertex of $G$ is adjacent to $k$ other vertices. In this paper, we determine the metric dimension of $k$-regular bipartite graphs G(n,n) where $k=n-1$ or $k=n-2$.

  14. Modeling Regular Replacement for String Constraint Solving

    Fu, Xiang; Li, Chung-Chih

    2010-01-01

    Bugs in user input sanitation of software systems often lead to vulnerabilities. Among them many are caused by improper use of regular replacement. This paper presents a precise modeling of various semantics of regular substitution, such as the declarative, finite, greedy, and reluctant, using finite state transducers (FST). By projecting an FST to its input/output tapes, we are able to solve atomic string constraints, which can be applied to both the forward and backward image computation in model checking and symbolic execution of text processing programs. We report several interesting discoveries, e.g., certain fragments of the general problem can be handled using less expressive deterministic FST. A compact representation of FST is implemented in SUSHI, a string constraint solver. It is applied to detecting vulnerabilities in web applications

  15. Motion deblurring with graph Laplacian regularization

    Kheradmand, Amin; Milanfar, Peyman

    2015-02-01

    In this paper, we develop a regularization framework for image deblurring based on a new definition of the normalized graph Laplacian. We apply a fast scaling algorithm to the kernel similarity matrix to derive the symmetric, doubly stochastic filtering matrix from which the normalized Laplacian matrix is built. We use this new definition of the Laplacian to construct a cost function consisting of data fidelity and regularization terms to solve the ill-posed motion deblurring problem. The final estimate is obtained by minimizing the resulting cost function in an iterative manner. Furthermore, the spectral properties of the Laplacian matrix equip us with the required tools for spectral analysis of the proposed method. We verify the effectiveness of our iterative algorithm via synthetic and real examples.

  16. 3D Gravity Inversion using Tikhonov Regularization

    Toushmalani Reza

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Subsalt exploration for oil and gas is attractive in regions where 3D seismic depth-migration to recover the geometry of a salt base is difficult. Additional information to reduce the ambiguity in seismic images would be beneficial. Gravity data often serve these purposes in the petroleum industry. In this paper, the authors present an algorithm for a gravity inversion based on Tikhonov regularization and an automatically regularized solution process. They examined the 3D Euler deconvolution to extract the best anomaly source depth as a priori information to invert the gravity data and provided a synthetic example. Finally, they applied the gravity inversion to recently obtained gravity data from the Bandar Charak (Hormozgan, Iran to identify its subsurface density structure. Their model showed the 3D shape of salt dome in this region

  17. Quadratic regularization functionals for phase unwrapping

    Marroquin, Jose L.; Rivera, Mariano

    1995-11-01

    The problem of unwrapping a noisy principal-value phase field or, equivalently, reconstructing an unwrapped phase field from noisy and possibly incomplete phase differences may be considered ill-posed in the sense of Hadamard. We apply the Thikonov regularization theory to find solutions that correspond to minimizers of positive-definite quadratic cost functionals. These methods may be considered generalizations of the classical least-squares solution to the unwrapping problem; the introduction of the regularization term permits the reduction of noise (even if this noise does not generate integration-path inconsistencies) and the interpolation of the solution over regions with missing data in a stable and controlled way, with a minimum increase of computational complexity. Algorithms for finding direct solutions with transform methods and implementations of iterative procedures are discussed as well. Experimental results on synthetic test images are presented to illustrate the performance of these methods. Copyright (c) 1995 Optical Society of America

  18. Regularity in individual shopping trips: Implications for duration models in marketing

    G.E. Bijwaard (Govert)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractMost models for purchase timing behavior of households do not take into account that many households have regular and non-shopping days. I propose a statistical model for purchase timing that exploits information on the shopping days of households. It delivers forecasts for the number of

  19. Regularity in individual shopping trips: implications for duration models in marketing

    Bijwaard, G.E.

    2010-01-01

    Most models for purchase-timing behavior of households do not take into account that many households have regular and non-shopping days. We propose a statistical model for purchase timing that exploits information on the shopping days of households. The model is formulated in a counting process fram

  20. Peer relationships and academic achievement

    Krnjajić Stevan B.

    2002-01-01

    After their childhood, when children begin to establish more intensive social contacts outside family, first of all, in school setting, their behavior i.e. their social, intellectual, moral and emotional development is more strongly affected by their peers. Consequently, the quality of peer relationships considerably affects the process of adaptation and academic achievement and their motivational and emotional attitude towards school respectively. Empirical findings showed that there is bi-d...

  1. School Size, Achievement, and Achievement Gaps

    Bradley J. McMillen

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available In order to examine the relationship between school size and achievement, a study was conducted using longitudinal achievement data from North Carolina for three separate cohorts of public school students (one elementary, one middle and one high school. Results revealed several interactions between size and student characteristics, all of which indicated that the achievement gaps typically existing between certain subgroups (i.e., more versus less-advantaged, lower versus higher-achieving were larger in larger schools. Results varied across the grade level cohorts and across subjects, but in general effects were more common in mathematics than in reading, and were more pronounced at the high school level. Study results are discussed in the context of educational equity and cost-effectiveness.

  2. Regular aspirin use and lung cancer risk

    Cummings K

    2002-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although a large number of epidemiological studies have examined the role of aspirin in the chemoprevention of colon cancer and other solid tumors, there is a limited body of research focusing on the association between aspirin and lung cancer risk. Methods We conducted a hospital-based case-control study to evaluate the role of regular aspirin use in lung cancer etiology. Study participants included 868 cases with primary, incident lung cancer and 935 hospital controls with non-neoplastic conditions who completed a comprehensive epidemiological questionnaire. Participants were classified as regular aspirin users if they had taken the drug at least once a week for at least one year. Results Results indicated that lung cancer risk was significantly lower for aspirin users compared to non-users (adjusted OR = 0.57; 95% CI 0.41–0.78. Although there was no clear evidence of a dose-response relationship, we observed risk reductions associated with greater frequency of use. Similarly, prolonged duration of use and increasing tablet years (tablets per day × years of use was associated with reduced lung cancer risk. Risk reductions were observed in both sexes, but significant dose response relationships were only seen among male participants. When the analyses were restricted to former and current smokers, participants with the lowest cigarette exposure tended to benefit most from the potential chemopreventive effect of aspirin. After stratification by histology, regular aspirin use was significantly associated with reduced risk of small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. Conclusions Overall, results from this hospital-based case-control study suggest that regular aspirin use may be associated with reduced risk of lung cancer.

  3. A regularization approach to hydrofacies delineation

    Wohlberg, Brendt [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tartakovsky, Daniel [UNIV OF CALIFORNIA

    2009-01-01

    We consider an inverse problem of identifying complex internal structures of composite (geological) materials from sparse measurements of system parameters and system states. Two conceptual frameworks for identifying internal boundaries between constitutive materials in a composite are considered. A sequential approach relies on support vector machines, nearest neighbor classifiers, or geostatistics to reconstruct boundaries from measurements of system parameters and then uses system states data to refine the reconstruction. A joint approach inverts the two data sets simultaneously by employing a regularization approach.

  4. Efficient edge domination in regular graphs

    Cardoso, Domingos M.; Cerdeira, J. Orestes; Delorme, Charles; Silva, Pedro C

    2008-01-01

    An induced matching of a graph G is a matching having no two edges joined by an edge. An efficient edge dominating set of G is an induced matching M such that every other edge of G is adjacent to some edge in M. We relate maximum induced matchings and efficient edge dominating sets, showing that efficient edge dominating sets are maximum induced matchings, and that maximum induced matchings on regular graphs with efficient edge dominating sets are efficient edge dominating sets. A ...

  5. Regularity and blow up for active scalars

    Kiselev, Alexander

    2010-01-01

    We review some recent results for a class of fluid mechanics equations called active scalars, with fractional dissipation. Our main examples are the surface quasi-geostrophic equation, the Burgers equation, and the Cordoba-Cordoba-Fontelos model. We discuss nonlocal maximum principle methods which allow to prove existence of global regular solutions for the critical dissipation. We also recall what is known about the possibility of finite time blow up in the supercritical regime.

  6. Regular black hole in three dimensions

    Myung, Yun Soo; Yoon, Myungseok

    2008-01-01

    We find a new black hole in three dimensional anti-de Sitter space by introducing an anisotropic perfect fluid inspired by the noncommutative black hole. This is a regular black hole with two horizons. We compare thermodynamics of this black hole with that of non-rotating BTZ black hole. The first-law of thermodynamics is not compatible with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy.

  7. Regular black hole in three dimensions

    We find a new black hole in three-dimensional anti-de Sitter space by introducing an anisotropic perfect fluid inspired by the noncommutative black hole. This is a regular black hole with two horizons. We compare the thermodynamics of this black hole with that of a non-rotating BTZ black hole. The first-law of thermodynamics is not compatible with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. (orig.)

  8. Regular black hole in three dimensions

    Myung, Yun Soo [Inje University, Institute of Basic Science and School of Computer Aided Science, Gimhae (Korea); Yoon, Myungseok [Sogang University, Center for Quantum Spacetime, Seoul (Korea)

    2009-07-15

    We find a new black hole in three-dimensional anti-de Sitter space by introducing an anisotropic perfect fluid inspired by the noncommutative black hole. This is a regular black hole with two horizons. We compare the thermodynamics of this black hole with that of a non-rotating BTZ black hole. The first-law of thermodynamics is not compatible with the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy. (orig.)

  9. Algorithms for Regularized Linear Discriminant Analysis

    Kalina, Jan; Duintjer Tebbens, Jurjen

    Lisbon: Scitepress, 2015, s. 128-133. ISBN 978-989-758-070-3. [BIOINFORMATICS 2015. International Conference on Bioinformatics Models, Methods and Algorithms. Lisbon (PT), 12.01.2015-15.01.2015] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-17187S; GA ČR GA13-06684S Institutional support: RVO:67985807 Keywords : classification analysis * regularization * high-dimensional data * decomposition * computational aspects Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science

  10. Residuated Lattices, Regular Languages, and Burnside Problem.

    Horčík, Rostislav

    University of Manchester: EasyChair Conference System, 2014 - (Galatos, N.; Kurz, A.; Tsinakis, C.). s. 6-7 ISSN 2040-557X. [TACL 2013. 28.07.2013-01.08.2013, Nashville] R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP202/11/1632 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : Burnside problem * regular languages * residuated lattices Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://easychair.org/publications/?page=1179031665

  11. Improved regularization from Quantum Reduced Loop Gravity

    Alesci, Emanuele

    2016-01-01

    The choice of the regularization scheme in Loop Quantum Cosmology (LQC) is crucial for the predicted phenomenology. We outline how the improved scheme can be naturally realized in Quantum Reduced Loop Gravity, describing the Universe as an ensemble of microstates labeled by different graphs. The new effective dynamics presents corrections to LQC, which do not significantly affect the bouncing scenario for the most relevant kinds of matter fields in cosmology $(w \\leq 1)$.

  12. Regularity and symmetries of nonholonomic systems

    Gracia, Xavier; MartIn, Ruben [Department de Matematica Aplicada IV, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Camputs Nord UPC, edifici C3, C. Jordi Girona 1, 08034 Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain)

    2005-02-04

    Lagrangian systems with nonholonomic constraints may be considered as singular differential equations defined by some constraints and some multipliers. The geometry, solutions, symmetries and constants of motion of such equations are studied within the framework of linearly singular differential equations. Some examples are given, in particular the well-known singular Lagrangian of the relativistic particle, which with the nonholonomic constraint v{sup 2} = c{sup 2} yields a regular system.

  13. Regularity and symmetries of nonholonomic systems

    Lagrangian systems with nonholonomic constraints may be considered as singular differential equations defined by some constraints and some multipliers. The geometry, solutions, symmetries and constants of motion of such equations are studied within the framework of linearly singular differential equations. Some examples are given, in particular the well-known singular Lagrangian of the relativistic particle, which with the nonholonomic constraint v2 = c2 yields a regular system

  14. Sparse regularization for force identification using dictionaries

    Qiao, Baijie; Zhang, Xingwu; Wang, Chenxi; Zhang, Hang; Chen, Xuefeng

    2016-04-01

    The classical function expansion method based on minimizing l2-norm of the response residual employs various basis functions to represent the unknown force. Its difficulty lies in determining the optimum number of basis functions. Considering the sparsity of force in the time domain or in other basis space, we develop a general sparse regularization method based on minimizing l1-norm of the coefficient vector of basis functions. The number of basis functions is adaptively determined by minimizing the number of nonzero components in the coefficient vector during the sparse regularization process. First, according to the profile of the unknown force, the dictionary composed of basis functions is determined. Second, a sparsity convex optimization model for force identification is constructed. Third, given the transfer function and the operational response, Sparse reconstruction by separable approximation (SpaRSA) is developed to solve the sparse regularization problem of force identification. Finally, experiments including identification of impact and harmonic forces are conducted on a cantilever thin plate structure to illustrate the effectiveness and applicability of SpaRSA. Besides the Dirac dictionary, other three sparse dictionaries including Db6 wavelets, Sym4 wavelets and cubic B-spline functions can also accurately identify both the single and double impact forces from highly noisy responses in a sparse representation frame. The discrete cosine functions can also successfully reconstruct the harmonic forces including the sinusoidal, square and triangular forces. Conversely, the traditional Tikhonov regularization method with the L-curve criterion fails to identify both the impact and harmonic forces in these cases.

  15. Control-flow checking via regular expressions

    Benso, Alfredo; Di Natale, Giorgio; Di Carlo, Stefano; Prinetto, Paolo Ernesto; Tagliaferri, Luca

    2001-01-01

    The present paper explains a new approach to program control flow checking. The check has been inserted at source-code level using a signature methodology based on regular expressions. The signature checking is performed without a dedicated watchdog processor but resorting to inter-process communication (IPC) facilities offered by most of the modern operating systems. The proposed approach allows very low memory overhead and trade-off between fault latency and program execution time overhead

  16. Bouncing cosmology inspired by regular black holes

    Neves, J C S

    2016-01-01

    In this article, we present a bouncing cosmology inspired by a family of regular black holes. This scale-dependent cosmology deviates from the cosmological principle by means of a scale factor which depends on the time and the radial coordinate as well. The model is isotropic but not perfectly homogeneous. That is, this cosmology describes an universe almost homogeneous only for large scales, such as our observable universe.

  17. Algorithms for Regularized Linear Discriminant Analysis

    Kalina, Jan; Duintjer Tebbens, Jurjen

    Lisbon : Scitepress, 2015, s. 128-133. ISBN 978-989-758-070-3. [BIOINFORMATICS 2015. International Conference on Bioinformatics Models, Methods and Algorithms. Lisbon (PT), 12.01.2015-15.01.2015] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-17187S; GA ČR GA13-06684S Institutional support: RVO:67985807 Keywords : classification analysis * regularization * high-dimensional data * decomposition * computational aspects Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science

  18. Supporting Regularized Logistic Regression Privately and Efficiently

    Li, Wenfa; Liu, Hongzhe; Yang, Peng; Xie, Wei

    2015-01-01

    As one of the most popular statistical and machine learning models, logistic regression with regularization has found wide adoption in biomedicine, social sciences, information technology, and so on. These domains often involve data of human subjects that are contingent upon strict privacy regulations. Increasing concerns over data privacy make it more and more difficult to coordinate and conduct large-scale collaborative studies, which typically rely on cross-institution data sharing and joi...

  19. Shadow of rotating regular black holes

    Abdujabbarov, Ahmadjon; Amir, Muhammed; Ahmedov, Bobomurat; Ghosh, Sushant G.

    2016-01-01

    We study the shadows cast by the different types of rotating regular black holes viz. Ay\\'on-Beato-Garc\\'ia {(ABG)}, Hayward, and Bardeen. These black holes have in addition to the total mass ($M$) and rotation parameter ($a$), different parameters as electric charge ($Q$), deviation parameter ($g$), and magnetic charge ($g_{*}$), respectively. Interestingly, the size of the shadow is affected by these parameters in addition to the rotation parameter. We found that the radius of the shadow in...

  20. Implementing Brouwer's database of strongly regular graphs

    Cohen, Nathann; Pasechnik, Dmitrii V.

    2016-01-01

    Andries Brouwer maintains a public database of existence results for strongly regular graphs on $n\\leq 1300$ vertices. We implemented most of the infinite families of graphs listed there in the open-source software Sagemath, as well as provided constructions of the "sporadic" cases, to obtain a graph for each set of parameters with known examples. Besides providing a convenient way to verify these existence results from the actual graphs, it also extends the database to higher values of $n$.

  1. Regular Functors and Relative Realizability Categories

    Stekelenburg, Wouter Pieter

    2011-01-01

    Relative realizability toposes satisfy a universal property that involves regular functors to other categories. We use this universal property to define what relative realizability categories are, when based on other categories than of the topos of sets. This paper explains the property and gives a construction for relative realizability categories that works for arbitrary base Heyting categories. The universal property shows us some new geometric morphisms to relative realizability toposes too.

  2. CM values of regularized theta lifts

    Ehlen, Stephan Jakob

    2013-01-01

    In this thesis, special values of regularized theta lifts at complex multiplication (CM) points are studied. In particular, it is shown that CM values of Borcherds products can be expressed in terms of finitely many Fourier coefficients of certain harmonic weak Maass forms of weight one. As it turns out, these coefficients are logarithms of algebraic integers whose prime ideal factorization is determined by cycles on an arithmetic curve that parametrize special endomorphisms of CM elliptic cu...

  3. Solidification of Quasi-Regular Eutectic

    M. Trepczyńska - Łent

    2007-01-01

    The quasi-regular eutectics, one from the groups of the division, accomplished on the basis of the geometry of eutectic phase. The ledeburite eutectic is one from the most commercial eutectics of this group. In the case of rapid solidification, the foundation near which formulate the right growth eutectic they are. One of the measures separating the conditions of low solidification from the rapid one, can be the Peclet number Pe. Decide to observe solidification eutectic in relationship from ...

  4. Adapting livestock behaviour to achieve management goals

    Using livestock to efficiently achieve management goals requires melding animal behavior with mechanical and electronic equipment. Practices such as autonomously obtaining individual animal liveweight when combined with individual animal electronic identification can produce numerous cost saving ad...

  5. Consistency of Regularized Learning Schemes in Banach Spaces

    Combettes, Patrick L.; Salzo, Saverio; Villa, Silvia

    2014-01-01

    This paper proposes a unified framework for the investigation of learning theory in Banach spaces of features via regularized empirical risk minimization. The main result establishes the consistency of such learning schemes under general conditions on the loss function, the geometry of the feature space, the regularization function, and the regularization parameters. The focus is placed on Tikhonov-like regularization with totally convex functions. This broad class of regularizers provides a ...

  6. Construction of Directed Strongly Regular Graphs Using Block Matrices

    Adams, Francis; Gendreau, Alexandra; Olmez, Oktay; Song, Sung Yell

    2013-01-01

    The concept of directed strongly regular graphs was introduced by Duval in his paper, A Directed Graph Version of Strongly Regular Graphs. Duval also provided several construction methods for directed strongly regular graphs. The directed strongly regular graphs reported in this paper are obtained using a block construction of adjacency matrices of regular tournaments and circulant matrices. We then give some algebraic and combinatorial interpretation of these graphs in connection with known ...

  7. Regularizations: different recipes for identical situations

    We present a discussion where the choice of the regularization procedure and the routing for the internal lines momenta are put at the same level of arbitrariness in the analysis of Ward identities involving simple and well-known problems in QFT. They are the complex self-interacting scalar field and two simple models where the SVV and AVV process are pertinent. We show that, in all these problems, the conditions to symmetry relations preservation are put in terms of the same combination of divergent Feynman integrals, which are evaluated in the context of a very general calculational strategy, concerning the manipulations and calculations involving divergences. Within the adopted strategy, all the arbitrariness intrinsic to the problem are still maintained in the final results and, consequently, a perfect map can be obtained with the corresponding results of the traditional regularization techniques. We show that, when we require an universal interpretation for the arbitrariness involved, in order to get consistency with all stated physical constraints, a strong condition is imposed for regularizations which automatically eliminates the ambiguities associated to the routing of the internal lines momenta of loops. The conclusion is clean and sound: the association between ambiguities and unavoidable symmetry violations in Ward identities cannot be maintained if an unique recipe is required for identical situations in the evaluation of divergent physical amplitudes. (author)

  8. Regularized Kalman filtering for dynamic SPECT

    We introduce a novel Bregman projection approach applied to Kalman filter to ensure nonnegativity and spatial regularization. While we do not postulate a precise anterior information about the underlying dynamics of the physical process, we put our method into practice for the case of image reconstruction in time-dependent single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Classical SPECT reconstruction algorithms assume that the activity does not vary in time; this is not always the case in practice. Thus arises the need of exploring time-varying SPECT which is an ill-posed and an ill-conditioned reconstruction problem. In this paper, we will explore a Kalman reconstruction approach to estimate the dynamic activity. We formulate a linear state-space model of the problem which we solve using the optimal Kalman filter (KF) and smoother. However, Kalman output image is unidentifiable because of the presence of nonnegative activity. In addition, KF does a temporal smoothing but not a spatial regularization. We thus incorporate a projection method to ensure nonnegativity and to enforce a spatial regularization using Tikhonov and median approaches. Numerical results are provided to corroborate the effectiveness of our reconstruction method

  9. Weighted power counting and chiral dimensional regularization

    Anselmi, Damiano

    2014-06-01

    We define a modified dimensional-regularization technique that overcomes several difficulties of the ordinary technique, and is specially designed to work efficiently in chiral and parity violating quantum field theories, in arbitrary dimensions greater than 2. When the dimension of spacetime is continued to complex values, spinors, vectors and tensors keep the components they have in the physical dimension; therefore, the γ matrices are the standard ones. Propagators are regularized with the help of evanescent higher-derivative kinetic terms, which are of the Majorana type in the case of chiral fermions. If the new terms are organized in a clever way, weighted power counting provides an efficient control on the renormalization of the theory, and allows us to show that the resulting chiral dimensional regularization is consistent to all orders. The new technique considerably simplifies the proofs of properties that hold to all orders, and makes them suitable to be generalized to wider classes of models. Typical examples are the renormalizability of chiral gauge theories and the Adler-Bardeen theorem. The difficulty of explicit computations, on the other hand, may increase.

  10. Estimating achievement from fame

    Simkin, M. V.; Roychowdhury, V. P.

    2009-01-01

    We report a method for estimating people's achievement based on their fame. Earlier we discovered (cond-mat/0310049) that fame of fighter pilot aces (measured as number of Google hits) grows exponentially with their achievement (number of victories). We hypothesize that the same functional relation between achievement and fame holds for other professions. This allows us to estimate achievement for professions where an unquestionable and universally accepted measure of achievement does not exi...

  11. On Fuzzy Regular-I-Closed Sets, Fuzzy Semi-I-Regular Sets, Fuzzy ABI-Sets and Decompositions of Fuzzy Regular-I-Continuity, Fuzzy AI - Continuity

    Yildiz, Cemil; ABBAS, Fadhil

    2011-01-01

     The concepts of fuzzy regular-I-closed set and fuzzy semi-I-regular set in fuzzy ideal topological spaces are investigated and some of their properties are obtained. Key words: Topological, Spaces, Fuzzy, Regular, Sets

  12. Theory of volume transition in polyelectrolyte gels with charge regularization

    Hua, Jing; Mitra, Mithun K.; Muthukumar, M.

    2012-04-01

    We present a theory for polyelectrolyte gels that allow the effective charge of the polymer backbone to self-regulate. Using a variational approach, we obtain an expression for the free energy of gels that accounts for the gel elasticity, free energy of mixing, counterion adsorption, local dielectric constant, electrostatic interaction among polymer segments, electrolyte ion correlations, and self-consistent charge regularization on the polymer strands. This free energy is then minimized to predict the behavior of the system as characterized by the gel volume fraction as a function of external variables such as temperature and salt concentration. We present results for the volume transition of polyelectrolyte gels in salt-free solvents, solvents with monovalent salts, and solvents with divalent salts. The results of our theoretical analysis capture the essential features of existing experimental results and also provide predictions for further experimentation. Our analysis highlights the importance of the self-regularization of the effective charge for the volume transition of gels in particular, and for charged polymer systems in general. Our analysis also enables us to identify the dominant free energy contributions for charged polymer networks and provides a framework for further investigation of specific experimental systems.

  13. Sparsity regularization for parameter identification problems

    Jin, Bangti; Maass, Peter

    2012-12-01

    The investigation of regularization schemes with sparsity promoting penalty terms has been one of the dominant topics in the field of inverse problems over the last years, and Tikhonov functionals with ℓp-penalty terms for 1 ⩽ p ⩽ 2 have been studied extensively. The first investigations focused on regularization properties of the minimizers of such functionals with linear operators and on iteration schemes for approximating the minimizers. These results were quickly transferred to nonlinear operator equations, including nonsmooth operators and more general function space settings. The latest results on regularization properties additionally assume a sparse representation of the true solution as well as generalized source conditions, which yield some surprising and optimal convergence rates. The regularization theory with ℓp sparsity constraints is relatively complete in this setting; see the first part of this review. In contrast, the development of efficient numerical schemes for approximating minimizers of Tikhonov functionals with sparsity constraints for nonlinear operators is still ongoing. The basic iterated soft shrinkage approach has been extended in several directions and semi-smooth Newton methods are becoming applicable in this field. In particular, the extension to more general non-convex, non-differentiable functionals by variational principles leads to a variety of generalized iteration schemes. We focus on such iteration schemes in the second part of this review. A major part of this survey is devoted to applying sparsity constrained regularization techniques to parameter identification problems for partial differential equations, which we regard as the prototypical setting for nonlinear inverse problems. Parameter identification problems exhibit different levels of complexity and we aim at characterizing a hierarchy of such problems. The operator defining these inverse problems is the parameter-to-state mapping. We first summarize some

  14. Trace Lasso: a trace norm regularization for correlated designs

    Grave, Edouard; Bach, Francis

    2011-01-01

    Using the $\\ell_1$-norm to regularize the estimation of the parameter vector of a linear model leads to an unstable estimator when covariates are highly correlated. In this paper, we introduce a new penalty function which takes into account the correlation of the design matrix to stabilize the estimation. This norm, called the trace Lasso, uses the trace norm, which is a convex surrogate of the rank, of the selected covariates as the criterion of model complexity. We analyze the properties of our norm, describe an optimization algorithm based on reweighted least-squares, and illustrate the behavior of this norm on synthetic data, showing that it is more adapted to strong correlations than competing methods such as the elastic net.

  15. A Regularization of Burgers Equation using a Filtered Convective Velocity

    Norgard, Greg

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the properties of a regularization of Burgers equation in one and multiple dimensions using a filtered convective velocity, which we have dubbed as convectively filtered Burgers (CFB) equation. A physical motivation behind the filtering technique is presented. An existence and uniqueness theorem for multiple dimensions and a general class of filters is proven. Multiple invariants of motion are found for the CFB equation and are compared with those found in viscous and inviscid Burgers equation. Traveling wave solutions are found for a general class of filters and are shown to converge to weak solutions of inviscid Burgers equation with the correct wave speed. Accurate numerical simulations are conducted in 1D and 2D cases where the shock behavior, shock thickness, and kinetic energy decay are examined. Energy spectrum are also examined and are shown to be related to the smoothness of the solutions.

  16. The Generalization of Treatment Gains of Mildly Handicapped Adolescents from Special Education to Regular Education Classrooms Using Peer-Mediated Self-Management Procedures

    Smith, Deborah J.

    1988-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether a self-evaluation procedure paired with a token economy would be effective in reducing the off-task and talk-out behavior of behaviorally disordered and learning disabled high school students in a resource classroom. The study also examined the effects of the seIf evaluation procedures when monitored by regular education peers on target students' behavior in their regular education English class . In addition to improving classroom b...

  17. Regular-, irregular-, and pseudo-character processing in Chinese: The regularity effect in normal adult readers

    Dustin Kai Yan Lau

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Background Unlike alphabetic languages, Chinese uses a logographic script. However, the pronunciation of many character’s phonetic radical has the same pronunciation as the character as a whole. These are considered regular characters and can be read through a lexical non-semantic route (Weekes & Chen, 1999. Pseudocharacters are another way to study this non-semantic route. A pseudocharacter is the combination of existing semantic and phonetic radicals in their legal positions resulting in a non-existing character (Ho, Chan, Chung, Lee, & Tsang, 2007. Pseudocharacters can be pronounced by direct derivation from the sound of its phonetic radical. Conversely, if the pronunciation of a character does not follow that of the phonetic radical, it is considered as irregular and can only be correctly read through the lexical-semantic route. The aim of the current investigation was to examine reading aloud in normal adults. We hypothesized that the regularity effect, previously described for alphabetical scripts and acquired dyslexic patients of Chinese (Weekes & Chen, 1999; Wu, Liu, Sun, Chromik, & Zhang, 2014, would also be present in normal adult Chinese readers. Method Participants. Thirty (50% female native Hong Kong Cantonese speakers with a mean age of 19.6 years and a mean education of 12.9 years. Stimuli. Sixty regular-, 60 irregular-, and 60 pseudo-characters (with at least 75% of name agreement in Chinese were matched by initial phoneme, number of strokes and family size. Additionally, regular- and irregular-characters were matched by frequency (low and consistency. Procedure. Each participant was asked to read aloud the stimuli presented on a laptop using the DMDX software. The order of stimuli presentation was randomized. Data analysis. ANOVAs were carried out by participants and items with RTs and errors as dependent variables and type of stimuli (regular-, irregular- and pseudo-character as repeated measures (F1 or between subject

  18. Space Alignment Based on Regularized Inversion Precoding in Cognitive Transmission

    R. Yao

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available For a two-tier Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO cognitive network with common receiver, the precoding matrix has a compact relationship with the capacity performance in the unlicensed secondary system. To increase the capacity of secondary system, an improved precoder based on the idea of regularized inversion for secondary transmitter is proposed. An iterative space alignment algorithm is also presented to ensure the Quality of Service (QoS for primary system. The simulations reveal that, on the premise of achieving QoS for primary system, our proposed algorithm can get larger capacity in secondary system at low Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR, which proves the effectiveness of the algorithm.

  19. On the regularization path of the support vector domain description

    Hansen, Michael Sass; Sjöstrand, Karl; Larsen, Rasmus

    2010-01-01

    towards meeting these challenges, and the support vector domain description has already shown its worth in this field. The method has recently received more attention, since it has been shown that the regularization path is piece-wise linear, and can be calculated efficiently. The presented work restates...... the new findings in a manner which permits the calculation with O(n.n(B)) complexity in each iteration step instead of O(n(2) + n(B)(3)), where n is the number of data points and n, is the number of boundary points. This is achieved by updating and downdating the system matrix to avoid redundant...... calculations. We believe this will further promote the use of this method. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved....

  20. Questionnaire-Related Deferrals in Regular Blood Donors in Norway

    Håkon Reikvam

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Voluntary donation is a key issue in transfusion medicine. To ensure the safety of blood transfusions, careful donor selection is important. Although new approaches to blood safety have dramatically reduced the risks for infectious contamination of blood components, the quality and the availability of blood components depend on the willingness to donate and the reliability of the information given by the donors about their own health, including risk behavior. As donors who are deferred by the blood bank will be less motivated to return for donation, it is important to reduce the number of deferrals. The aims of the present study were to investigate the reasons for deferral of registered donors coming to the blood bank for donation, in order to identify areas of importance for donor education—as these deferrals potentially could be avoided by better donor comprehension. Deferral related to testing of donors is not included in this study as these deferrals are dependent on laboratory results and cannot be indentified by questionnaire or interview. Data were collected from all blood donors in a period for 18 months who came for blood donation at a large university hospital in Norway. 1 163 of the 29 787 regular donors, who showed up for donation, were deferred (3.9%. The main reasons were intercurrent illness (n=182 (15.6%, skin ulcers (n=170 (14.6%, and risk behaviour (n=127 (10.9%. In a community, intercurrent illnesses, skin ulcers, and potential risk behavior are the most frequent reasons for deferral of regular donors. Strategized effort on donor education is needed, as “failure to donate” reduces donor motivation.

  1. Regularization mechanism in blind tip reconstruction procedure

    In quantitative investigations of mechanical and chemical surface parameters using atomic force microscopy (AFM) techniques the determination of the probe radius and shape is required. To the most favorable methods of the microprobe characterization belongs the blind tip reconstruction method (BTR). The BTR similar to many other inverse problems is sensitive to noise and needs the so-called regularization mechanism. In this article we describe and investigate two the most popular regularization schemes, which were proposed in Villarubia et al. (1997) and Tian et al. (2008) . We have shown that the procedure described in Tian et al. (2008) enables very effective probe shape reconstruction if we know the statistics of noise present in the AFM system. The increase of effectiveness with relation to the procedure described in Villarubia (1997) is so significant that makes it possible to reconstruct probes with much larger resolution. We have also noticed the fact, that probes reconstructed by means of the procedure presented in Tian et al. (2008) have flat apexes for AFM images with low signal to noise ratio (SNR). We propose procedure, which can improve the probe apex reconstruction. It uses the AFM image to estimate the initial shape of the reconstructed probe. This shape may be further improved by the BTR algorithm. We have shown that it is possible only for the procedure described in Tian et al. (2008) . -- Highlights: ► We study regularization mechanism of blind tip reconstruction. ► We propose combination of direct probe imaging with BTR to improve the reconstruction of a probe apex. ► The possibility of improving efficiency of the BTR procedure is presented. ► The possibility of improving resolution of a reconstructed probe is presented.

  2. Complexity Analysis of the Lasso Regularization Path

    Mairal, Julien

    2012-01-01

    The regularization path of the Lasso can be shown to be piecewise linear, making it possible to "follow" and explicitly compute the entire path. We analyze in this paper this popular strategy, and prove that its worst case complexity is exponential in the number of variables. We then oppose this pessimistic result to an (optimistic) approximate analysis: We show that an approximate path with at most O(1/sqrt(epsilon)) linear segments can always be obtained, where every point on the path is guaranteed to be optimal up to a relative epsilon-duality gap. We complete our theoretical analysis with a practical algorithm to compute these approximate paths.

  3. Computation of Regularized Linear Discriminant Analysis

    Kalina, Jan; Valenta, Zdeněk; Duintjer Tebbens, Jurjen

    Geneva: Centre International de Conferences, 2014 - (Gilli, M.; Nieto-Reyes, A.; González-Rodríguez, G.), s. 1-8 ISBN 978-2-8399-1347-8. [COMPSTAT 2014. International Conference on Computational Statistics /21./. Geneva (CH), 19.08.2014-22.08.2014] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-06684S Institutional support: RVO:67985807 Keywords : classification analysis * regularization * Matrix decomposition * shrinkage eigenvalues * high-dimensional data Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research

  4. Bayesian regularization of diffusion tensor images

    Frandsen, Jesper; Hobolth, Asger; Østergaard, Leif;

    2007-01-01

    Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a powerful tool in the study of the course of nerve fibre bundles in the human brain. Using DTI, the local fibre orientation in each image voxel can be described by a diffusion tensor which is constructed from local measurements of diffusion coefficients along...... several directions. The measured diffusion coefficients and thereby the diffusion tensors are subject to noise, leading to possibly flawed representations of the three dimensional fibre bundles. In this paper we develop a Bayesian procedure for regularizing the diffusion tensor field, fully utilizing the...

  5. Verification of Non-Regular Program Properties

    Axelsson, Roland

    2010-01-01

    Most temporal logics which have been introduced and studied in the past decades can be embedded into the modal mu-calculus. This is the case for e.g. PDL, CTL, CTL*, ECTL, LTL, etc. and entails that these logics cannot express non-regular program properties. In recent years, some novel approaches towards an increase in expressive power have been made: Fixpoint Logic with Chop enriches the mu-calculus with a sequential composition operator and thereby allows to characterise context-free proces...

  6. Residual regularities in liquid drop mass calculations

    A systematic study of correlations in the chart of nuclear masses calculated using the finite range droplet model of Moeller et al. is presented. It is shown that the differences between the calculated and measured masses have a well defined oscillatory component as function of the proton and neutron numbers, which can be removed with an appropriate fit, concentrating the error distribution on a single peak around zero. The presence of this regular residual correlations suggests that the Strutinsky method of including microscopic fluctuations in nuclear masses could be improved

  7. Hybrid Learning of Regularization Neural Networks

    Vidnerová, Petra; Neruda, Roman

    Vol. 2. Berlin: Springer, 2010 - (Rutkowski, L.; Scherer, R.; Tadeusiewicz, R.; Zadeh, L.; Zurada, J.), s. 124-131. (Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence. 6114). ISBN 978-3-642-13231-5. ISSN 0302-9743. [ICAISC 2010. International Conference on Artifical Intelligence and Soft Computing /10./. Zakopane (PL), 13.06.2010-17.06.2010] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KJB100300804 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : supervised learning * regularization networks * genetic algorithms Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science

  8. Regular Word Order in The Wanderer

    Cooper, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    Background: Grammars of Old English held at least until the 1960s that word orderin Anglo-Saxon texts was essentially “free”, that is, determined entirely or primarily by stylistic choice rather than syntactic rules.  Although prose word order has been shown to be regular in several models, the same cannot be said of poetry.  This study uses Nils-Lennart Johannesson’s Old English syntax model, operating within the Government and Binding framework, to establish whether the phrase structure of ...

  9. Regularity and chaos in nuclear structure

    The BSC pairing gap, obtained from nuclear masses, shows large structural effects. A periodic orbit theory for the pairing gap has been developed, and generic expressions for the pairing gap fluctuations are derived, stressing the role of regularity/chaos. Results from the theory are compared to pairing gaps obtained from nuclear masses, calculated as well as measured. The comparison provides another quality control of nuclear mass formula, and gives additional insight in the nuclear pairing phenomenon. The theory can be applied to pairing fluctuations in other finite-size Fermi systems, as ultracold atomic gases or small metallic grains

  10. The regularity Lemma in additive combinatorics

    Vena Cros, Lluís

    2007-01-01

    The Szemerédi Regularity Lemma (SzRL) was introduced by Endré Szemerédi in his celebrated proof of the density version of Van der Waerden Theorem, namely, that a set of integers with positive density contains arbitrarily long arithmetic progressions. The SzRL has found applications in many areas of Mathematics, including of course Graph Theory and Combinatorics, but also in Number Theory, Analysis, Ergodic Theory and Computer Science. One of the consequences of the SzRL are the so-called `Cou...

  11. γ5 and infrared dimensional regularization

    We carefully discuss how to deal with γ5 in the dimensional regularization scheme when IR singularities are presented. The dimensional continuation of the Dirac algebra in odd-parity fermion traces leads to anomalous IR axial and charge conjugation contributions. In an explicit calculation, namely the O(αsub(s)2) parity violating contributions to e+e-->qanti qg, we demonstrate that the IR charge conjugation anomaly vanishes and that the finite IR axial anomalies are spurious in the sense that they cancel among the real and virtual contributions to the p.v. cross sections as do the IR singular contributions. (orig./HSI)

  12. Solidification of Quasi-Regular Eutectic

    M. Trepczyńska - Łent

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available The quasi-regular eutectics, one from the groups of the division, accomplished on the basis of the geometry of eutectic phase. The ledeburite eutectic is one from the most commercial eutectics of this group. In the case of rapid solidification, the foundation near which formulate the right growth eutectic they are. One of the measures separating the conditions of low solidification from the rapid one, can be the Peclet number Pe. Decide to observe solidification eutectic in relationship from the size of the Pe.

  13. Wave regularity in curve integrable spacetimes

    Sanchez, Yafet Sanchez

    2015-01-01

    The idea of defining a gravitational singularity as an obstruction to the dynamical evolution of a test field (described by a PDE) rather than the dynamical evolution of a particle (described by a geodesics) is explored. In particular, the concept of wave regularity is introduced which serves to show that the classical singularities in curve integrable spacetimes do not interrupt the well-posedness of the wave equation. The techniques used also provide arguments that can be extended to establish when a classically singular spacetime remains singular in a semi-classical picture.

  14. On Traffic Light Control of Regular Towns

    Mancinelli, Elina; Cohen, Guy; Gaubert, Stéphane; Quadrat, Jean-Pierre; Rofman, Edmundo

    2001-01-01

    We present a hierarchical way of designing the traffic light control of regular towns. We first give a a model for light synchronization based on Petri nets and minplus algebra. Using this modelling we decompose the problem in three parts : - computation of the cycle length of each traffic light, - computation of the starting time of each traffic light cycle, - computation of the proportion of the green and red length in a cycle. The example of the Bahía Blanca, city of Argentina, is given.

  15. Regularity increases middle latency evoked and late induced beta brain response following proprioceptive stimulation

    Arnfred, Sidse M.; Hansen, Lars Kai; Parnas, Josef;

    2008-01-01

    as an indication of increased readiness. This is achieved through detailed analysis of both evoked and induced responses in the time-frequency domain. Electroencephalography in a 64 channels montage was recorded in four-teen healthy subjects. Two paradigms were explored: A Regular alternation between hand......Focal attention increases the middle-latency amplitude of somatosensory evoked potentials. Previously this effect has been suggested to be due to increased readiness in somatosensory cortex. Presently, we examine whether regularity of stimulus occurrence increases the proprioceptive evoked response...

  16. The Existence of Quasi Regular and Bi-Regular Self-Complementary 3-Uniform Hypergraphs

    Kamble Lata N.

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available A k-uniform hypergraph H = (V ;E is called self-complementary if there is a permutation σ : V → V , called a complementing permutation, such that for every k-subset e of V , e ∈ E if and only if σ(e ∉ E. In other words, H is isomorphic with H′ = (V ; V(k − E. In this paper we define a bi-regular hypergraph and prove that there exists a bi-regular self-complementary 3-uniform hypergraph on n vertices if and only if n is congruent to 0 or 2 modulo 4. We also prove that there exists a quasi regular self-complementary 3-uniform hypergraph on n vertices if and only if n is congruent to 0 modulo 4.

  17. Supporting Regularized Logistic Regression Privately and Efficiently.

    Li, Wenfa; Liu, Hongzhe; Yang, Peng; Xie, Wei

    2016-01-01

    As one of the most popular statistical and machine learning models, logistic regression with regularization has found wide adoption in biomedicine, social sciences, information technology, and so on. These domains often involve data of human subjects that are contingent upon strict privacy regulations. Concerns over data privacy make it increasingly difficult to coordinate and conduct large-scale collaborative studies, which typically rely on cross-institution data sharing and joint analysis. Our work here focuses on safeguarding regularized logistic regression, a widely-used statistical model while at the same time has not been investigated from a data security and privacy perspective. We consider a common use scenario of multi-institution collaborative studies, such as in the form of research consortia or networks as widely seen in genetics, epidemiology, social sciences, etc. To make our privacy-enhancing solution practical, we demonstrate a non-conventional and computationally efficient method leveraging distributing computing and strong cryptography to provide comprehensive protection over individual-level and summary data. Extensive empirical evaluations on several studies validate the privacy guarantee, efficiency and scalability of our proposal. We also discuss the practical implications of our solution for large-scale studies and applications from various disciplines, including genetic and biomedical studies, smart grid, network analysis, etc. PMID:27271738

  18. Multiple graph regularized nonnegative matrix factorization

    Wang, Jingyan

    2013-10-01

    Non-negative matrix factorization (NMF) has been widely used as a data representation method based on components. To overcome the disadvantage of NMF in failing to consider the manifold structure of a data set, graph regularized NMF (GrNMF) has been proposed by Cai et al. by constructing an affinity graph and searching for a matrix factorization that respects graph structure. Selecting a graph model and its corresponding parameters is critical for this strategy. This process is usually carried out by cross-validation or discrete grid search, which are time consuming and prone to overfitting. In this paper, we propose a GrNMF, called MultiGrNMF, in which the intrinsic manifold is approximated by a linear combination of several graphs with different models and parameters inspired by ensemble manifold regularization. Factorization metrics and linear combination coefficients of graphs are determined simultaneously within a unified object function. They are alternately optimized in an iterative algorithm, thus resulting in a novel data representation algorithm. Extensive experiments on a protein subcellular localization task and an Alzheimer\\'s disease diagnosis task demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Regularized multiple criteria linear programs for classification

    SHI Yong; TIAN YingJie; CHEN XiaoJun; ZHANG Peng

    2009-01-01

    Although multiple criteria mathematical program (MCMP), as an alternative method of classification, has been used in various real-life data mining problems, its mathematical structure of solvability is still challengeable. This paper proposes a regularized multiple criteria linear program (RMCLP) for two classes of classification problems. It first adds some regularization terms in the objective function of the known multiple criteria linear program (MCLP) model for possible existence of solution. Then the paper describes the mathematical framework of the solvability. Finally, a series of experimental tests are conducted to illustrate the performance of the proposed RMCLP with the existing methods: MCLP, multiple criteria quadratic program (MCQP), and support vector machine (SVM). The results of four publicly available datasets and a real-life credit dataset all show that RMCLP is a competitive method in classification. Furthermore, this paper explores an ordinal RMCLP (ORMCLP) model for ordinal multi-group problems. Comparing ORMCLP with traditional methods such as One-Against-One, One-Against-The rest on large-scale credit card dataset, experimental results show that both ORMCLP and RMCLP perform well.

  20. INFLUENCE OF SPECIAL EDUCATORS AND REHABILITATORS’ WORK IN REGULAR SCHOOL ON PEER RELATIONSHIP AMONG STUDENTS WITH DELAYED COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT

    Milena NIKOLIĆ; VANTIĆ-TANJIĆ Medina; DIZDAREVIĆ Alma

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the research was to see whether work of special educators and rehabilitators in the regular school has a positive influence on peer relationship among students with delayed cognitive development.The accent was on friendship quality, social competence and antisocial behavior. The research comprised 150 students with slow cognitive development, 52 of who have support of special educators and rehabilitators in regular education, while the remaining 98 students are without support....

  1. Regularities of ground states of quantum field models

    Arai, Asao; Hirokawa, Masao; Hiroshima, Fumio

    2004-01-01

    Regularities and higher order regularities of ground states of quantum field models are investigated through the fact that asymptotic annihilation operators vanish ground states. Moreover a sufficient condition for the absence of a ground state is given.

  2. Regularities of ground states of quantum field models

    Arai, Asao; Hirokawa, Masao; Hiroshima, Fumio

    2007-01-01

    Regularities and higher order regularities of ground states of quantum field models are investigated through the fact that asymptotic annihilation operators vanish ground states. Moreover a sufficient condition for the absence of a ground state is given.

  3. Adaptive regularization and discretization for nonlinear inverse problems with PDEs

    Kirchner, Alana

    2014-01-01

    In this thesis, efficient methods for the solution of inverse problems, combining adaptive regularization and discretization are proposed. For the computation of a Tikhonov regularization parameter, we consider an inexact Newton method based on Morozov's discrepancy principle. In each step, a regularized problem is solved on a different discretization level, which we control using DWR error estimators. In the second part of this thesis, we combine this method with iteratively regularized ...

  4. Completely Regular Semigroups with Generalized Strong Semilattice Decompositions

    Xiangzhi Kong; K.P. Shum

    2005-01-01

    The concept of ρG-strong semilattice of semigroups is introduced. By using this concept, we study Green's relation H on a completely regular semigroup S. Necessary and sufficient conditions for S/H to be a regular band or a right quasi-normal band are obtained. Important results of Petrich and Reilly on regular cryptic semigroups are generalized and enriched. In particular, characterization theorems of regular cryptogroups and normal cryptogroups are obtained.

  5. Regularization for effective field theory with two heavy particles

    Goity, J.L.; Lehmann, D.; Prezeau, G.; Saez, J.

    2001-01-01

    A regularization for effective field theory with two propagating heavy particles is constructed. This regularization preserves the low-energy analytic structure, implements a low-energy power counting for the one-loop diagrams, and preserves symmetries respected by dimensional regularization.

  6. Fast undersampled functional magnetic resonance imaging using nonlinear regularized parallel image reconstruction.

    Thimo Hugger

    Full Text Available In this article we aim at improving the performance of whole brain functional imaging at very high temporal resolution (100 ms or less. This is achieved by utilizing a nonlinear regularized parallel image reconstruction scheme, where the penalty term of the cost function is set to the L(1-norm measured in some transform domain. This type of image reconstruction has gained much attention recently due to its application in compressed sensing and has proven to yield superior spatial resolution and image quality over e.g. Tikhonov regularized image reconstruction. We demonstrate that by using nonlinear regularization it is possible to more accurately localize brain activation from highly undersampled k-space data at the expense of an increase in computation time.

  7. Stability of C-regularized Semigroups

    Miao LI; Quan ZHENG

    2004-01-01

    Let T = (T(t))t≥0 be a bounded C-regularized semigroup generated by A on a Banachspace X and R(C) be dense in X. We show that if there is a dense subspace Y of X such that forevery x ∈ Y, σu(A, Cx), the set of all points λ∈ iR to which (λ - A)-1Cx can not be extendedholomorphically, is at most countable and σr(A) ∩ iR = φ, then T is stable. A stability result for the case of R(C) being non-dense is also given. Our results generalize the work on the stability of strongly continuous semigroups.

  8. Hyperspectral Image Denoising with Composite Regularization Models

    Ao Li

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Denoising is a fundamental task in hyperspectral image (HSI processing that can improve the performance of classification, unmixing, and other subsequent applications. In an HSI, there is a large amount of local and global redundancy in its spatial domain that can be used to preserve the details and texture. In addition, the correlation of the spectral domain is another valuable property that can be utilized to obtain good results. Therefore, in this paper, we proposed a novel HSI denoising scheme that exploits composite spatial-spectral information using a nonlocal technique (NLT. First, a specific way to extract patches is employed to mine the spatial-spectral knowledge effectively. Next, a framework with composite regularization models is used to implement the denoising. A number of HSI data sets are used in our evaluation experiments and the results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm outperforms other state-of-the-art HSI denoising methods.

  9. Kinetic regularities of zirconium siliconizing in silane

    Kinetic regularities of zirconium siliconizing at T=800-1500 grad C under controlled conditions at metal-siliconizing medium interface (4% mixture of silane in argon); PSiH4=0.04-2.0 Torr) were studied, the results are presented. It is shown that, depending on the temperature, gas pressure and reaction duration, three possible schemes of zirconium siliconizing, are realized; solid+solid, solid+gas, solid+liquid and, accordingly, different rates of zirconium saturation with silicon, as well. Stage by stage formation of a multilayer diffusion zone (from two to five diffusion layers) was ascertained. Conditions of zirconium siliconizing were calculated on the basis of the model of reactive diffusion with the secondary boundary condition

  10. Regularizing mappings of Lévy measures

    Barndorff-Nielsen, Ole Eiler; Thorbjørnsen, Steen

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we introduce and study a regularizing one-to-one mapping from the class of one-dimensional Lévy measures into itself. This mapping appeared implicitly in our previous paper [O.E. Barndorff-Nielsen, S. Thorbjørnsen, A connection between free and classical infinite divisibility, Inf....... Dim. Anal. Quant. Probab. 7 (2004) 573–590], where we introduced a one-to-one mapping from the class of one-dimensional infinitely divisible probability measures into itself. Based on the investigation of in the present paper, we deduce further properties of . In particular it is proved that maps the...... class of selfdecomposable laws onto the so called Thorin class . Further, partly motivated by our previous studies of infinite divisibility in free probability, we introduce a one-parameter family of one-to-one mappings , which interpolates smoothly between ( α=0 ) and the identity mapping on ( α=1...

  11. Regularity for solutions to anisotropic obstacle problems

    GAO HongYa

    2014-01-01

    For Ω a bounded subset of R n,n 2,ψ any function in Ω with values in R∪{±∞}andθ∈W1,(q i)(Ω),let K(q i)ψ,θ(Ω)={v∈W1,(q i)(Ω):vψ,a.e.and v-θ∈W1,(q i)0(Ω}.This paper deals with solutions to K(q i)ψ,θ-obstacle problems for the A-harmonic equation-divA(x,u(x),u(x))=-divf(x)as well as the integral functional I(u;Ω)=Ωf(x,u(x),u(x))dx.Local regularity and local boundedness results are obtained under some coercive and controllable growth conditions on the operator A and some growth conditions on the integrand f.

  12. Homological Pisot Substitutions and Exact Regularity

    Barge, Marcy; Jones, Leslie; Sadun, Lorenzo

    2010-01-01

    We consider one-dimensional substitution tiling spaces where the dilatation (stretching factor) is a degree d Pisot number, and where the first rational Cech cohomology is d-dimensional. We construct examples of such "homological Pisot" substitutions that do not have pure discrete spectra. These examples are not unimodular, and we conjecture that the coincidence rank must always divide a power of the norm of the dilatation. To support this conjecture, we show that homological Pisot substitutions exhibit an Exact Regularity Property (ERP), in which the number of occurrences of a patch for a return length is governed strictly by the length. The ERP puts strong constraints on the measure of any cylinder set in the corresponding tiling space.

  13. Generalized equations of state and regular universes

    Contreras, F.; Cruz, N.; González, E.

    2016-05-01

    We found non singular solutions for universes filled with a fluid which obey a Generalized Equation of State of the form P(ρ) = – Aρ + γρλ. An emergent universe is obtained if A =1 and λ = 1/2. If the matter source is reinterpret as that of a scalar matter field with some potential, the corresponding potential is derived. For a closed universe, an exact bounce solution is found for A = 1/3 and the same λ. We also explore how the composition of theses universes ean be interpreted in terms of known fluids. It is of interest to note that accelerated solutions previously found for the late time evolution also represent regular solutions at early times.

  14. Sparse regularization in limited angle tomography

    Frikel, Jürgen

    2011-01-01

    We investigate the reconstruction problem of limited angle tomography. Such problems arise naturally in applications like digital breast tomosynthesis, dental tomography, electron microscopy etc. Since the acquired tomographic data is highly incomplete, the reconstruction problem is severely ill-posed and the traditional reconstruction methods, such as filtered backprojection (FBP), do not perform well in such situations. To stabilize the reconstruction procedure additional prior knowledge about the unknown object has to be integrated into the reconstruction process. In this work, we propose the use of the sparse regularization technique in combination with curvelets. We argue that this technique gives rise to an edge-preserving reconstruction. Moreover, we show that the dimension of the problem can be significantly reduced in the curvelet domain. To this end, we give a characterization of the kernel of limited angle Radon transform in terms of curvelets and derive a characterization of solutions obtained thr...

  15. Regular tetrahedra whose vertices have integer coordinates

    E. J. Ionascu

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we introduce theoretical arguments for constructing a procedure that allows one to find the number of all regular tetrahedra that have coordinates in the set {0,1, . . . , n}. The terms of this sequence are twice the values of the sequence A103158 in the Online Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences.These results lead to the consideration of an infinite graph having a fractal nature which is tightly connected to the set of orthogonal 3-by-3 matrices with rational coefficients. The vertices of this graph are the primitive integer solutions of the Diophantine equation a2 + b2 + c2 = 3d2. Our aim here is to laid down the basis of finding good estimates, if not exact formulae, for the sequence A103158.

  16. Regularized canonical correlation analysis with unlabeled data

    Xi-chuan ZHOU; Hai-bin SHEN

    2009-01-01

    In standard canonical correlation analysis (CCA), the data from definite datasets are used to estimate their canonical correlation. In real applications, for example in bilingual text retrieval, it may have a great portion of data that we do not know which set it belongs to. This part of data is called unlabeled data, while the rest from definite datasets is called labeled data. We propose a novel method called regularized canonical correlation analysis (RCCA), which makes use of both labeled and unlabeled samples. Specifically, we learn to approximate canonical correlation as if all data were labeled. Then. we describe a generalization of RCCA for the multi-set situation. Experiments on four real world datasets, Yeast, Cloud, Iris, and Haberman, demonstrate that,by incorporating the unlabeled data points, the accuracy of correlation coefficients can be improved by over 30%.

  17. Regular phantom black holes as gravitational lenses

    Eiroa, Ernesto F

    2015-01-01

    The distortion of the spacetime structure in the surroundings of black holes affects the trajectories of light rays. As a consequence, black holes can act as gravitational lenses. Observations of type Ia supernovas, show that our Universe is in accelerated expansion. The usual explanation is that the Universe is filled with a negative pressure fluid called dark energy, which accounts for 70 % of its total density, which can be modeled by a self-interacting scalar field with a potential. We consider a class of spherically symmetric regular phantom black holes as gravitational lenses. We study large deflection angles, using the strong deflection limit, corresponding to an asymptotic logarithmic approximation. In this case, photons passing close to the photon sphere of the black hole experiment several loops around it before they emerge towards the observer, giving place to two infinite sets of relativistic images. Within this limit, we find analytical expressions for the positions and the magnifications of thes...

  18. Regularization of Instantaneous Frequency Attribute Computations

    Yedlin, M. J.; Margrave, G. F.; Van Vorst, D. G.; Ben Horin, Y.

    2014-12-01

    We compare two different methods of computation of a temporally local frequency:1) A stabilized instantaneous frequency using the theory of the analytic signal.2) A temporally variant centroid (or dominant) frequency estimated from a time-frequency decomposition.The first method derives from Taner et al (1979) as modified by Fomel (2007) and utilizes the derivative of the instantaneous phase of the analytic signal. The second method computes the power centroid (Cohen, 1995) of the time-frequency spectrum, obtained using either the Gabor or Stockwell Transform. Common to both methods is the necessity of division by a diagonal matrix, which requires appropriate regularization.We modify Fomel's (2007) method by explicitly penalizing the roughness of the estimate. Following Farquharson and Oldenburg (2004), we employ both the L curve and GCV methods to obtain the smoothest model that fits the data in the L2 norm.Using synthetic data, quarry blast, earthquakes and the DPRK tests, our results suggest that the optimal method depends on the data. One of the main applications for this work is the discrimination between blast events and earthquakesFomel, Sergey. " Local seismic attributes." , Geophysics, 72.3 (2007): A29-A33.Cohen, Leon. " Time frequency analysis theory and applications." USA: Prentice Hall, (1995).Farquharson, Colin G., and Douglas W. Oldenburg. "A comparison of automatic techniques for estimating the regularization parameter in non-linear inverse problems." Geophysical Journal International 156.3 (2004): 411-425.Taner, M. Turhan, Fulton Koehler, and R. E. Sheriff. " Complex seismic trace analysis." Geophysics, 44.6 (1979): 1041-1063.

  19. Achieving Energy Efficiency Through Real-Time Feedback

    Nesse, Ronald J.

    2011-09-01

    Through the careful implementation of simple behavior change measures, opportunities exist to achieve strategic gains, including greater operational efficiencies, energy cost savings, greater tenant health and ensuing productivity and an improved brand value through sustainability messaging and achievement.

  20. Regularization design for high-quality cone-beam CT of intracranial hemorrhage using statistical reconstruction

    Dang, H.; Stayman, J. W.; Xu, J.; Sisniega, A.; Zbijewski, W.; Wang, X.; Foos, D. H.; Aygun, N.; Koliatsos, V. E.; Siewerdsen, J. H.

    2016-03-01

    Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is associated with pathologies such as hemorrhagic stroke and traumatic brain injury. Multi-detector CT is the current front-line imaging modality for detecting ICH (fresh blood contrast 40-80 HU, down to 1 mm). Flat-panel detector (FPD) cone-beam CT (CBCT) offers a potential alternative with a smaller scanner footprint, greater portability, and lower cost potentially well suited to deployment at the point of care outside standard diagnostic radiology and emergency room settings. Previous studies have suggested reliable detection of ICH down to 3 mm in CBCT using high-fidelity artifact correction and penalized weighted least-squared (PWLS) image reconstruction with a post-artifact-correction noise model. However, ICH reconstructed by traditional image regularization exhibits nonuniform spatial resolution and noise due to interaction between the statistical weights and regularization, which potentially degrades the detectability of ICH. In this work, we propose three regularization methods designed to overcome these challenges. The first two compute spatially varying certainty for uniform spatial resolution and noise, respectively. The third computes spatially varying regularization strength to achieve uniform "detectability," combining both spatial resolution and noise in a manner analogous to a delta-function detection task. Experiments were conducted on a CBCT test-bench, and image quality was evaluated for simulated ICH in different regions of an anthropomorphic head. The first two methods improved the uniformity in spatial resolution and noise compared to traditional regularization. The third exhibited the highest uniformity in detectability among all methods and best overall image quality. The proposed regularization provides a valuable means to achieve uniform image quality in CBCT of ICH and is being incorporated in a CBCT prototype for ICH imaging.

  1. Impactos de uma intervenção com pais: o desempenho acadêmico e comportamento das crianças na escola Impacts of a parent intervention program: their children's academic achievement and classroom behavior

    Fabiana Cia

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo avaliou-se o impacto de um programa de intervenção com os pais, sobre o desempenho acadêmico e o comportamento de crianças da 1ª e 2ª séries do Ensino Fundamental. Os participantes foram divididos em três grupos: Grupo Experimental 1 (GE1 - professores e 29 crianças cujos pais participaram da intervenção, Grupo Experimental 2 (GE2 - professores e 36 crianças cujas mães participaram da intervenção e Grupo Controle (GC - professores e 34 crianças cujos pais e mães não participaram da intervenção. Antes e após o programa de intervenção, as crianças foram avaliadas utilizando-se o Teste de Desempenho Escolar (TDE; os professores preencheram um questionário aberto e o Social Skills Rating Scale -Versão para Professores (SSRS-P. Em comparação com o pré-teste, no pós-teste, as crianças do GE1 e do GE2 (mas não as do GC apresentaram: (a melhor desempenho acadêmico em leitura e na pontuação total do TDE, (b resultados mais positivos no SSRS-P e, (c um maior número de atributos positivos e menor número de atributos negativos, segundo as professoras.This paper presents the impacts of a parent intervention program on the academic performance and classroom behavior of their children. The participants of the study were either first or second grade students. There were three groups of participants: Experimental Group 1 (EG1 - 29 children whose fathers participated in the intervention program along with the children's teachers; Experimental Group 2 (EG2 - 36 children whose mothers participated in the intervention program along with the children's teachers; and Control Experimental Group (CG - 34 children, whose parents did not participate in the intervention program, and the children's teachers. Before and after the intervention program, the children were evaluated using the Academic Achievement Test (AAT and their teachers completed an open-ended questionnaire as well as the teacher's version of the Social

  2. Higher-Order Global Regularity of an Inviscid Voigt-Regularization of the Three-Dimensional Inviscid Resistive Magnetohydrodynamic Equations

    Larios, Adam

    2011-01-01

    We prove existence, uniqueness, and higher-order global regularity of strong solutions to a particular Voigt-regularization of the three-dimensional inviscid resistive Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations. Specifically, the coupling of a resistive magnetic field to the Euler-Voigt model is introduced to form an inviscid regularization of the inviscid resistive MHD system. The results hold in both the whole space $\

  3. The Effect of Three Months Regular Aerobic Exercise on Premenstrual Syndrome

    Zinat Ghanbari

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the effects of three-month regular aerobic exercise on the PMS symptoms. Also correlations with age, education, marital status and severity of PMS symptoms were studied.Materials and Methods: A Quasi- Experimental study was conducted on 91 volunteer women with regular menstrual cycle and no history of gynecological, endocrinological and psychological disorders. The study was done during March 2005- March 2007, in Tehran University of Medical Sciences. A Modified Menstrual Distress Questionnaire (MMDQ was used in this study. Participants were divided into two groups: Non-exercised, they also didn't have any past experience of regular exercise (n= 48 and Exercised (n= 43. The exercise time duration was one hour and was carried out three times per week for three months.  Emotional, behavioral, electrolyte, autonomic, neurovegatative and skin symptoms of PMS were compared between two groups. P value was considered significant at < 0.05.Results: A significant difference was observed for electrolytic, neurovegetative and cognitive symptoms before and after the exercise. Also the severity of skin and neurovegetative symptoms were different in experimental groups with and without past history of doing regular exercise. There was no correlation between age, education, marital status and severity of PMS symptoms.Conclusion: Three months of regular aerobic exercise effectively reduces the severity of PMS symptoms.

  4. Evaluation of Leray, LANS and Verstappen regularizations in LES, without and with added SGS modeling

    Winckelmans, G.; Bourgeois, N.; Collet, Y.; Duponcheel, M.

    2009-11-01

    Regularization approaches (Leray, LANS and Verstappen) for the ``restriction in the production of small-scales'' in turbulence simulations have regained some interest in the LES community, because of their potentially appealing properties due to filtering. Their potential is here investigated using the best possible numerics (dealiased pseudo-spectral code) and on simple problems: transition of the Taylor-Green vortex (TGV) and its ensuing turbulence, developed homogeneous isotropic turbulence (HIT). The filtered velocity field is obtained using discrete filters, also of various orders (2 and 6). Diagnostics include energy, enstrophy, and spectra. The performance of the regularizations on the TGV is first evaluated in inviscid mode (96^3 Euler), then in viscous mode at Re=1600 (256^3 DNS and 48^3 LES). Although they delay the production of small scales, none of the regularizations can perform LES when the flow has become turbulent: the small scales are still too energized, and thus added subgrid-scale (SGS) modeling is required. The combination of regularization and SGS modeling (here using the RVM multiscale model) is then also evaluated. Finally, 128^3 LES of fully developed HIT at very high Re is also investigated, providing the asymptotic behavior. In particular, it is found that the regularization helps increase a bit the true inertial subrange obtained with the RVM model.

  5. Regularization of Kepler Problem in $\\kappa$-spacetime

    Guha, Partha; S., Zuhair N

    2016-01-01

    In this paper we regularize the Kepler problem on $\\kappa$-spacetime in several different ways. First, we perform a Moser-type regularization and then we proceed for the Ligon-Schaaf regularization to our problem. In particular, generalizing Heckman-de Laat (J. Symplectic Geom. 10, (2012), 463-473) in the noncommutative context we show that the Ligon-Schaaf regularization map follows from an adaptation of the Moser regularization can be generalized to the Kepler problem on $\\kappa$-spacetime.

  6. Social origins of rhythm? Synchrony and temporal regularity in human vocalization.

    Daniel L Bowling

    Full Text Available Humans have a capacity to perceive and synchronize with rhythms. This is unusual in that only a minority of other species exhibit similar behavior. Study of synchronizing species (particularly anurans and insects suggests that simultaneous signal production by different individuals may play a critical role in the development of regular temporal signaling. Accordingly, we investigated the link between simultaneous signal production and temporal regularity in our own species. Specifically, we asked whether inter-individual synchronization of a behavior that is typically irregular in time, speech, could lead to evenly-paced or "isochronous" temporal patterns. Participants read nonsense phrases aloud with and without partners, and we found that synchronous reading resulted in greater regularity of durational intervals between words. Comparison of same-gender pairings showed that males and females were able to synchronize their temporal speech patterns with equal skill. These results demonstrate that the shared goal of synchronization can lead to the development of temporal regularity in vocalizations, suggesting that the origins of musical rhythm may lie in cooperative social interaction rather than in sexual selection.

  7. Social Origins of Rhythm? Synchrony and Temporal Regularity in Human Vocalization

    Bowling, Daniel L.; Herbst, Christian T.; Fitch, W. Tecumseh

    2013-01-01

    Humans have a capacity to perceive and synchronize with rhythms. This is unusual in that only a minority of other species exhibit similar behavior. Study of synchronizing species (particularly anurans and insects) suggests that simultaneous signal production by different individuals may play a critical role in the development of regular temporal signaling. Accordingly, we investigated the link between simultaneous signal production and temporal regularity in our own species. Specifically, we asked whether inter-individual synchronization of a behavior that is typically irregular in time, speech, could lead to evenly-paced or “isochronous” temporal patterns. Participants read nonsense phrases aloud with and without partners, and we found that synchronous reading resulted in greater regularity of durational intervals between words. Comparison of same-gender pairings showed that males and females were able to synchronize their temporal speech patterns with equal skill. These results demonstrate that the shared goal of synchronization can lead to the development of temporal regularity in vocalizations, suggesting that the origins of musical rhythm may lie in cooperative social interaction rather than in sexual selection. PMID:24312214

  8. Hemisphericity and student achievement.

    Yeap, L L

    1989-10-01

    Hemispheric preference, the newest element of learning style, refers to the tendency of a person to use one side of the brain to perceive and function more than the other. The objective of the study was to investigate the psychological domain of learning styles in terms of the hemispheric patterns of Singapore Secondary Two students in the three achievement levels, namely Normal (low achievers), Express (average achievers), and Special (high achievers). Using the Cognitive Laterality Battery (Gordon, 1986) to measure the students' hemispheric dominance, the study found that it is in the psychological domain of the students' learning styles, in terms of their hemispheric dominance that the Secondary Two students in the three achievement levels are distinctly different. PMID:2583937

  9. Regular scattering patterns from near-cloaking devices and their implications for invisibility cloaking

    In this paper, we consider invisibility cloaking via the transformation optics approach through a ‘blow-up’ construction. An ideal cloak makes use of singular cloaking material. ‘Blow-up-a-small-region’ construction and ‘truncation-of-singularity’ construction are introduced to avoid the singular structure, however, giving only near-cloaks. The study in the literature is to develop various mechanisms in order to achieve high-accuracy approximate near-cloaking devices, and also from a practical viewpoint to nearly cloak an arbitrary content. We study the problem from a different viewpoint. It is shown that for those regularized cloaking devices, the corresponding scattering wave fields due to an incident plane wave have regular patterns. The regular patterns are both a curse and a blessing. On the one hand, the regular wave pattern betrays the location of a cloaking device which is an intrinsic defect due to the ‘blow-up’ construction, and this is particularly the case for the construction by employing a high-loss layer lining. Indeed, our numerical experiments show robust reconstructions of the location, even by implementing the phaseless cross-section data. The construction by employing a high-density layer lining shows a certain promising feature. On the other hand, it is shown that one can introduce an internal point source to produce the canceling scattering pattern to achieve a near-cloak of an arbitrary order of accuracy. (paper)

  10. Preparation of Regular Specimens for Atom Probes

    Kuhlman, Kim; Wishard, James

    2003-01-01

    A method of preparation of specimens of non-electropolishable materials for analysis by atom probes is being developed as a superior alternative to a prior method. In comparison with the prior method, the present method involves less processing time. Also, whereas the prior method yields irregularly shaped and sized specimens, the present developmental method offers the potential to prepare specimens of regular shape and size. The prior method is called the method of sharp shards because it involves crushing the material of interest and selecting microscopic sharp shards of the material for use as specimens. Each selected shard is oriented with its sharp tip facing away from the tip of a stainless-steel pin and is glued to the tip of the pin by use of silver epoxy. Then the shard is milled by use of a focused ion beam (FIB) to make the shard very thin (relative to its length) and to make its tip sharp enough for atom-probe analysis. The method of sharp shards is extremely time-consuming because the selection of shards must be performed with the help of a microscope, the shards must be positioned on the pins by use of micromanipulators, and the irregularity of size and shape necessitates many hours of FIB milling to sharpen each shard. In the present method, a flat slab of the material of interest (e.g., a polished sample of rock or a coated semiconductor wafer) is mounted in the sample holder of a dicing saw of the type conventionally used to cut individual integrated circuits out of the wafers on which they are fabricated in batches. A saw blade appropriate to the material of interest is selected. The depth of cut and the distance between successive parallel cuts is made such that what is left after the cuts is a series of thin, parallel ridges on a solid base. Then the workpiece is rotated 90 and the pattern of cuts is repeated, leaving behind a square array of square posts on the solid base. The posts can be made regular, long, and thin, as required for samples

  11. Regularized Finite Mixture Models for Probability Trajectories

    Shedden, Kerby; Zucker, Robert A.

    2008-01-01

    Finite mixture models are widely used in the analysis of growth trajectory data to discover subgroups of individuals exhibiting similar patterns of behavior over time. In practice, trajectories are usually modeled as polynomials, which may fail to capture important features of the longitudinal pattern. Focusing on dichotomous response measures, we…

  12. Iron status of regular voluntary blood donors

    Mahida Vilsu

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Our blood bank is a regional blood transfusion centre, which accepts blood only from voluntary donors. Aim: The aim is to study iron status of regular voluntary donors who donated their blood at least twice in a year. Materials and Methods: Prior to blood donation, blood samples of 220 male and 30 female voluntary donors were collected. Control included 100 each male and female healthy individuals in the 18- to 60-year age group, who never donated blood and did not have any chronic infection. In the study and control groups, about 10% subjects consumed non-vegetarian diet. After investigation, 85 males and 56 females having haemoglobin (Hb levels above 12.5 g/dl were selected as controls. Donors were divided into ≤10, 11-20, 21-50 and> 50 blood donation categories. Majority of the donors in> 50 donation category donated blood four times in a year, whereas the remaining donors donated two to three times per year. Haematological parameters were measured on fully automatic haematology analyzer, serum iron and total iron-binding capacity (TIBC by biochemical methods, ferritin using ELISA kits and transferrin using immunoturbidometry kits. Iron/TIBC ratio x 100 gave percentage of transferrin saturation value. Statistical Analysis: Statistical evaluation was done by mean, standard deviation, pair t -test, χ2 and anova ( F -test. Results: Preliminary analysis revealed that there was no significant difference in the iron profile of vegetarian and non-vegetarian subjects or controls and the donors donating < 20 times. Significant increase or decrease was observed in mean values of various haematological and iron parameters in donors who donated blood for> 20 times ( P < 0.001, compared to controls. Anaemia, iron deficiency and depletion of iron stores were more prevalent in female donors ( P < 0.05 compared to males and especially in those male donors who donated their blood for more than 20 times. Conclusion: Regular voluntary blood

  13. SPORT CONSUMER BEHAVIOR

    Iftime Dragoș Adrian

    2015-01-01

    Without any doubt, sport has become a major consumer market, either we discuss about practicing any kind of sport at professional or amateur level, or we are just interested by a competition, sport organization or an athlete as a regular consumer. From this last perspective, we can distinguish between two types of behaviors, respectively the spectator and the supporter or fan. Each of these two typologies has its own characteristics which define, in a significant manner, the consumer behavior...

  14. Higher-Order Global Regularity of an Inviscid Voigt-Regularization of the Three-Dimensional Inviscid Resistive Magnetohydrodynamic Equations

    Larios, Adam; Titi, Edriss S.

    2014-03-01

    We prove existence, uniqueness, and higher-order global regularity of strong solutions to a particular Voigt-regularization of the three-dimensional inviscid resistive magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations. Specifically, the coupling of a resistive magnetic field to the Euler-Voigt model is introduced to form an inviscid regularization of the inviscid resistive MHD system. The results hold in both the whole space and in the context of periodic boundary conditions. Weak solutions for this regularized model are also considered, and proven to exist globally in time, but the question of uniqueness for weak solutions is still open. Furthermore, we show that the solutions of the Voigt regularized system converge, as the regularization parameter , to strong solutions of the original inviscid resistive MHD, on the corresponding time interval of existence of the latter. Moreover, we also establish a new criterion for blow-up of solutions to the original MHD system inspired by this Voigt regularization.

  15. Regular-, irregular-, and pseudo-character processing in Chinese: The regularity effect in normal adult readers

    Dustin Kai Yan Lau; Anthony Pak Hin Kong

    2014-01-01

    Background Unlike alphabetic languages, Chinese uses a logographic script. However, the pronunciation of many character’s phonetic radical has the same pronunciation as the character as a whole. These are considered regular characters and can be read through a lexical non-semantic route (Weekes & Chen, 1999). Pseudocharacters are another way to study this non-semantic route. A pseudocharacter is the combination of existing semantic and phonetic radicals in their legal positions resulting in ...

  16. Sparsity-regularized HMAX for visual recognition.

    Xiaolin Hu

    Full Text Available About ten years ago, HMAX was proposed as a simple and biologically feasible model for object recognition, based on how the visual cortex processes information. However, the model does not encompass sparse firing, which is a hallmark of neurons at all stages of the visual pathway. The current paper presents an improved model, called sparse HMAX, which integrates sparse firing. This model is able to learn higher-level features of objects on unlabeled training images. Unlike most other deep learning models that explicitly address global structure of images in every layer, sparse HMAX addresses local to global structure gradually along the hierarchy by applying patch-based learning to the output of the previous layer. As a consequence, the learning method can be standard sparse coding (SSC or independent component analysis (ICA, two techniques deeply rooted in neuroscience. What makes SSC and ICA applicable at higher levels is the introduction of linear higher-order statistical regularities by max pooling. After training, high-level units display sparse, invariant selectivity for particular individuals or for image categories like those observed in human inferior temporal cortex (ITC and medial temporal lobe (MTL. Finally, on an image classification benchmark, sparse HMAX outperforms the original HMAX by a large margin, suggesting its great potential for computer vision.

  17. Wave dynamics of regular and chaotic rays

    In order to investigate general relationships between waves and rays in chaotic systems, I study the eigenfunctions and spectrum of a simple model, the two-dimensional Helmholtz equation in a stadium boundary, for which the rays are ergodic. Statistical measurements are performed so that the apparent randomness of the stadium modes can be quantitatively contrasted with the familiar regularities observed for the modes in a circular boundary (with integrable rays). The local spatial autocorrelation of the eigenfunctions is constructed in order to indirectly test theoretical predictions for the nature of the Wigner distribution corresponding to chaotic waves. A portion of the large-eigenvalue spectrum is computed and reported in an appendix; the probability distribution of successive level spacings is analyzed and compared with theoretical predictions. The two principal conclusions are: 1) waves associated with chaotic rays may exhibit randomly situated localized regions of high intensity; 2) the Wigner function for these waves may depart significantly from being uniformly distributed over the surface of constant frequency in the ray phase space

  18. Regular expressions compiler and some applications

    We deal with high level programming language of a Regular Expressions Compiler (REC). The first chapter is an introduction in which the history of the REC development and the problems related to its numerous applicatons are described. The syntactic and sematic rules as well as the language features are discussed just after the introduction. Concerning the applicatons as examples, an adaptation is given in order to solve numerical problems and another for the data manipulation. The last chapter is an exposition of ideas and techniques about the compiler construction. Examples of the adaptation to numerical problems show the applications to education, vector analysis, quantum mechanics, physics, mathematics and other sciences. The rudiments of an operating system for a minicomputer are the examples of the adaptation to symbolic data manipulaton. REC is a programming language that could be applied to solve problems in almost any human activity. Handling of computer graphics, control equipment, research on languages, microprocessors and general research are some of the fields in which this programming language can be applied and developed. (author)

  19. Regularities development of entrepreneurial structures in regions

    Julia Semenovna Pinkovetskaya

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Consider regularities and tendencies for the three types of entrepreneurial structures — small enterprises, medium enterprises and individual entrepreneurs. The aim of the research was to confirm the possibilities of describing indicators of aggregate entrepreneurial structures with the use of normal law distribution functions. Presented proposed by the author the methodological approach and results of construction of the functions of the density distribution for the main indicators for the various objects: the Russian Federation, regions, as well as aggregates ofentrepreneurial structures, specialized in certain forms ofeconomic activity. All the developed functions, as shown by the logical and statistical analysis, are of high quality and well-approximate the original data. In general, the proposed methodological approach is versatile and can be used in further studies of aggregates of entrepreneurial structures. The received results can be applied in solving a wide range of problems justify the need for personnel and financial resources at the federal, regional and municipal levels, as well as the formation of plans and forecasts of development entrepreneurship and improvement of this sector of the economy.

  20. Wave dynamics of regular and chaotic rays

    McDonald, S.W.

    1983-09-01

    In order to investigate general relationships between waves and rays in chaotic systems, I study the eigenfunctions and spectrum of a simple model, the two-dimensional Helmholtz equation in a stadium boundary, for which the rays are ergodic. Statistical measurements are performed so that the apparent randomness of the stadium modes can be quantitatively contrasted with the familiar regularities observed for the modes in a circular boundary (with integrable rays). The local spatial autocorrelation of the eigenfunctions is constructed in order to indirectly test theoretical predictions for the nature of the Wigner distribution corresponding to chaotic waves. A portion of the large-eigenvalue spectrum is computed and reported in an appendix; the probability distribution of successive level spacings is analyzed and compared with theoretical predictions. The two principal conclusions are: 1) waves associated with chaotic rays may exhibit randomly situated localized regions of high intensity; 2) the Wigner function for these waves may depart significantly from being uniformly distributed over the surface of constant frequency in the ray phase space.