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Sample records for acceptance organizational impact

  1. Studying Impact of Organizational Factors in Information Technology Acceptance in Accounting Occupation by Use of TAM Model (Iranian Case Study)

    Akbar Allahyari; Morteza Ramazani

    2012-01-01

    Nowadays, information technology attitudes as the beneficial part of industry, economic and culture. Accounting posits as profession that provide information for decision- making of users and in the complex world, organizations must use information technology to present information for users in time. This research is by purpose of studying impact of organizational factors in information technology acceptance by use of TAM model in study descriptive-surveying method that researcher has used to...

  2. Studying Impact of Organizational Factors in Information Technology Acceptance in Accounting Occupation by Use of TAM Model (Iranian Case Study

    Akbar Allahyari

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, information technology attitudes as the beneficial part of industry, economic and culture. Accounting posits as profession that provide information for decision- making of users and in the complex world, organizations must use information technology to present information for users in time. This research is by purpose of studying impact of organizational factors in information technology acceptance by use of TAM model in study descriptive-surveying method that researcher has used to reach research objectives of descriptive and inferential statistics and research results is indicated lack of perceived ease of use by accountants.

  3. Teleconsultation service to improve healthcare in rural areas: acceptance, organizational impact and appropriateness

    Borghi Gabriella

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Nowadays, new organisational strategies should be indentified to improve primary care and its link with secondary care in terms of efficacy and timeliness of interventions thus preventing unnecessary hospital accesses and costs saving for the health system. The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of the use of teleconsultation by general practitioners in rural areas. Methods General practitioners were provided with a teleconsultation service from 2006 to 2008 to obtain a second opinion for cardiac, dermatological and diabetic problems. Access, acceptance, organisational impact, effectiveness and economics data were collected. Clinical and access data were systematically entered in a database while acceptance and organisational data were evaluated through ad hoc questionnaires. Results There were 957 teleconsultation contacts which resulted in access to health care services for 812 symptomatic patients living in 30 rural communities. Through the teleconsultation service, 48 general practitioners improved the appropriateness of primary care and the integration with secondary care. In fact, the level of concordance between intentions and consultations for cardiac problems was equal to 9%, in 86% of the cases the service entailed a saving of resources and in 5% of the cases, it improved the timeliness. 95% of the GPs considered the overall quality positively. For a future routine use of this service, trust in specialists, duration and workload of teleconsultations and reimbursement should be taken into account. Conclusions Managerial and policy implications emerged mainly related to the support to GPs in the provision of high quality primary care and decision-making processes in promoting similar services.

  4. The impact of employee’s perception of organizational climate on their technology acceptance toward e-learning in South Korea

    Sun Joo Yoo; Wen-Hao Huang; Da Ye Lee

    2012-01-01

    To better understand the relationship between e-learning integration and organizational factors in South Korea, this study explored the influence of employees’ perceptions of organizational climate on their technology acceptances toward e-learning in the workplace of South Korea. Employees’ perceptions of organizational climate was evaluated using Litwin & Stringer’s Organizational Climate Questionnaire (LSOCQ) and employees’ technology acceptance toward e-learning was measured by the Unified...

  5. The influence of organizational and national culture on the acceptance of organizational change: Empirical study in Serbian enterprises

    Šapić Srđan; Erić Jelena; Stojanović-Aleksić Vesna

    2009-01-01

    Organizational culture is one of the most important factors influencing the process of organizational change. As such it is the object of research and analysis in this paper. Key values held by the employees that impact the formation of organizational culture, as well as the feedback organizational culture has in determining organizational processes are explored. Different relevant classifications of organizational cultures are described depending on research focus. Special consideration is g...

  6. Study the effect of the organizational factors on the acceptance using combined heat and power Generation plants (small-scale generation) by organizational Consumers

    Mehdi Momeni; Mohammad Rahim Esfidani; Ali Heidari

    2012-01-01

    The main goal of this research was studied the role of the organizational factors on the acceptance using combined heat and power generation plants by organizational consumers. Organizational factors include the seven variables of organizational values, perception, organization representatives, organizational goals and tasks, organization, technology, organizational structure and organizational resources. Its methods was descriptive-survey and applied research. To gather information from ques...

  7. ICT and its impact on organizational learning

    Diego CARDONA

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the impact of the Information and Communications Technology – ICT at organizational learning through a review of the state of the art in this field. First, it addresses the basic concepts of knowledge society, the process of change due to a postmodern era and its implications for organizational learning. Additionally, it addresses the concept of ICT, its development, components and a relevant discussion concerning the difference among data, information and knowledge that are necessary for the accuracy of organizational learning. Finally, it presents the definition of organizational learning observed from the organization itself and describes a series of studies of the impact of ICTs on organizational learning and through this into the increasing productivity and innovation.

  8. Impact of Leadership on Organizational Performance

    Ullah, Anees

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the study was to find out the impact of leadership behaviors on organizational performance. The main objectives of the study were to find out the concepts and types of leadership behaviors and investigate the impact of leadership behavior on organizational performance in the case company D&R Cambric Communication. The research also described the performance of the organizations in service sector because of the good leadership qualities. The leadership theories and different behavio...

  9. Trust, Isolation, and Presence: The Virtual Work Environment and Acceptance of Deep Organizational Change

    Rose, Laurence Michael

    2013-01-01

    The primary focus of this research was to explore through the use of a grounded theory methodology if the human perceptions of trust, isolation, and presence affected the virtual workers ability to accept deep organizational change. The study found that the virtual workers in the sample defined their acceptance of deep organizational change by…

  10. Impact on Organizational Climate trough Organizational Culture factors. Case Study of Latvia and Lithuania

    Iljins, Juris; Skvarciany, Viktorija; Gaile-Sarkane, Elīna

    2015-01-01

    Purpose of the article: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of organizational culture on organizational climate in process of change. For solving this problem, it is necessary to identify the main factors of organizational culture in the change process. After exploring the impact of organizational culture on organizational climate through distinguished culture’s factors, article examines how changes can be processed in different cultural environments. Methodology. The resea...

  11. The influence of organizational and national culture on the acceptance of organizational change: Empirical study in Serbian enterprises

    Šapić Srđan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Organizational culture is one of the most important factors influencing the process of organizational change. As such it is the object of research and analysis in this paper. Key values held by the employees that impact the formation of organizational culture, as well as the feedback organizational culture has in determining organizational processes are explored. Different relevant classifications of organizational cultures are described depending on research focus. Special consideration is given to the effect national cultural attributes have in this interaction. The specific contribution of this paper consists of presenting a study conducted within a sample of twenty Serbian corporations, in order to identify and examine some specific characteristics of organizational culture generated by the unique cultural attributes of this region. Presented results suggest a bureaucratic organizational culture, dominance of the directive leadership style, and a significant level of resistance to change in domestic corporations. The main goal of the research is to provide evidence for thesis that the process of initiating and implementing organizational changes is determined by national and organizational culture, based on values that promote inclination toward change.

  12. THE IMPACT OF LEADERSHIP ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE

    Raluca-Elena HURDUZEU

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available An organization is considered to be effective if it finds the balance between the demands of various stakeholders (owners, employees, customers, community and the needs of the employees. We believe that an appropriate leadership style can influence and ensure the prosperity and the economic growth of both the organization and employees. Therefore, the aim of the paper is to explore the impact of leadership styles on the organizational performance. Our main focus is on transformational leadership and its role in facilitating the increase in organizational performance. Transformational leaders inspire individuals within the organizations to work harder and to strive for the highest levels of performance. We begin by underlining the connection between transformational leadership and organizational performance, we provide examples on transformational leadership practices’ impact the organizations and we conclude by making some future research propositions.

  13. The Impact of Organizational Justice on Turnover Intention of Bankers of KPK, Pakistan: The Mediator Role of Organizational Commitment

    Norhani Bakri

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this research was to investigate the mediating effect of organizational commitment between organizational justice and turnover Intention of bankers, Pakistan. Data were collected through organizational commitment questionnaire, organizational justice questionnaire and turnover Intention questionnaire from 177 bankers of KPK, Pakistan. Results showed that organizational justice had a significant positive relationship with organizational commitment and negative relationship with turnover Intention. It was also found that organizational commitment had a significant negative relationship with turnover Intention. Confirmatory factor analysis explored that the measurement model of organizational justice, organizational commitment and turnover Intention fit the sample data very well. Organizational justice showed a direct impact of -68 on turnover Intention. The impact of organizational justice on turnover Intention came down to -22% when organizational commitment as mediator was included. Organizational commitment mediated the role between organizational justice and turnover Intention. Furthermore, OJ showed a significant impact of 68% on organizational commitment that led to -72% impact on turnover Intention.

  14. THE IMPACT OF LEADERSHIP ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE

    Raluca-Elena HURDUZEU

    2015-01-01

    An organization is considered to be effective if it finds the balance between the demands of various stakeholders (owners, employees, customers, community) and the needs of the employees. We believe that an appropriate leadership style can influence and ensure the prosperity and the economic growth of both the organization and employees. Therefore, the aim of the paper is to explore the impact of leadership styles on the organizational performance. Our main focus is on transformational leader...

  15. The Impact of Organizational Envy on Organizational Climate Created among Employees: An Application in Accommodation Enterprises

    Aziz Gökhan Özkoç; Nurgül Çaliskan

    2014-01-01

    Expression of individuals’ emotional intelligence is an important factor to reach success in organizational life as well as daily life. Positive or negative emotions of employees have the potential to affect the organizational climate created through their relationship between each other in a positive or negative way. In this study, the impact of envy –which is a new issue in organizational behavior literature– on organizational climate, which has an important role in organizations’ realizati...

  16. THE MUTUAL IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AND STRUCTURE

    Janićijević Nebojša

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between the structure and culture of an organization. The starting assumption is that organizational structure and organizational culture impact each other, and that there is a causal relationship due to which the agreement of the two components of organization leads to better performance. First, the mechanism through which organizational culture impacts the design of organizational structures and the manner in which org...

  17. Study the effect of the organizational factors on the acceptance using combined heat and power Generation plants (small-scale generation by organizational Consumers

    Mehdi Momeni

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this research is to study the influence of organizational factors on the acceptance of using combined heat and power generation plants by organizational consumers. Organizational factors include the seven variables of organizational values, perception, organization representatives, organizational goals and tasks, organization, technology, organizational structure and organizational resources. Research method is typically descriptive-survey and applied based. Questionnaire has been used for data collection. The questionnaire has been developed based on theoretical principles and six points Likert spectrum. Content validity of questionnaires has been positively approved by scholars and experts. Data reliability has been computed using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient as 0.955, which is satisfactory. Descriptive and inferential statistics (correlation analysis, regression and T-test have been used for data analysis. Findings imply that i all of the above-mentioned variables influence the acceptance of power plants CHP (small-scale generation by the organizational consumers, significantly; and ii the order of importance and influence of organizational factors include organizational resources, organizational goals and tasks, perception, organization representatives, technology, organizational values, and organizational structure, respectively.

  18. Impact of Satisfaction and Commitment on Teachers' Organizational Citizenship

    Sesen, Harun; Basim, Nejat H.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the impact of job satisfaction and organizational commitment on teachers' organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) in a structural equation model. The study was employed to a group of teachers and their supervisors. The results indicated that job satisfaction and commitment to the school had an impact on OCBs of the teachers…

  19. The Impact of Teachers' Organizational Trust Perceptions on Organizational Cynicism Perception

    Polat, Soner

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to present the impact of primary school teachers' organizational trust perceptions on organizational cynicism. The research is based on descriptive survey model, with its population consisting of teachers working in primary schools in Korfez District of Kocaeli Province. Sampling was not needed and preferred as it was…

  20. SHAPING ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE. THE IMPACT ON PERFORMANCE

    CRISTIAN ODAGIU

    2011-01-01

    Understanding and manipulating organizational culture to improve performance is of particular interest in the light of the modernization programme within the public sector. Bibliographic sources of information from the national and international literature on organizational culture provided a picture of cultural management issues in relation to explain dynamics that can be used to manipulate culture to accentuate change. A good practice example of managing organizational culture in terms of i...

  1. The Impact of Organizational Learning on Innovativeness in Spanish Companies

    de Pablo González Del Campo, Jesús David Sánchez; Škerlavaj, Miha

    Innovativeness is a key factor regarding the survival and progress of a company in modern business environments. The question is how to facilitate innovativeness in organizations. This article studies the impact of the organizational learning process on innovativeness. We understand innovativeness as a combination of (1) innovative culture and (2) technological and process innovation. Organizational learning is a consecutive process of (1) information acquisition, (2) information distribution, (3) information interpretation, and (4) behavioral and cognitive changes. New knowledge obtained through organizational learning improves innovativeness. As a methodological framework, we use the partial least square (PLS) approach to structural equation modeling on data from 107 Spanish companies. The results show that organizational learning has a strong positive direct impact on process, product, and service innovations. In addition, the impact of organizational learning on innovation is also indirect, via innovative culture.

  2. Attitudes of cynicism, fear and acceptance with the organizational change in a group of executives in Lima (Peru).

    Saravia Vergara, Enrique

    2016-01-01

    The paper analyzes, exploratory level, validation of questionnaire to measure attitudes toward organizational change proposed by the Rabelo, Ros and Torres. The study led to 23 executives in Lima, obtained high levels of reliability and validity for each of the three-dimensional model of attitudes toward organizational change proposed by the authors: "attitudes of cynicism", "attitudes of fear" and "attitudes acceptance" to organizational change. However, factor analysis of each of the three ...

  3. Impact of Perceived Organizational Justice on Organizational Commitment of Faculty: Empirical Evidence from Pakistan

    Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ehsan Malik; Basharat Naeem

    2011-01-01

    Research in perceived organizational justice got paramount importance in business organizations context by management researchers and psychologist for the last more than 35 years considering its empirically endorsed impact on numerous workforce behaviors and attitudes such as job satisfaction, extra-role performance, organizational commitment, job performance, motivation, trust and turnover intentions. However, scant literature shed light on whether or not teachers’ fairness perceptions reg...

  4. The impact of employee communication and perceived external prestige on organizational identification

    Smidts, Ale; Pruyn, Ad Th.H.; Riel, van Cees B.M.

    2001-01-01

    Employees' organizational identification was measured in three organizations. Results show that employee communication augments perceived external prestige and helps explain organizational identification. Communication climate plays a central role, mediating the impact on organizational identificati

  5. Transactional and transformational leadership impacts on organizational learning

    Zagorsek, Hugo; Dimovski, Vlado; Skerlavaj, Miha

    2009-01-01

    This study empirically relates two important areas of management research: the full-range theory of leadership and the organizational learning process. Specifically, this contribution addresses three issues: (1) the impact of transformational leadership and (2) of transactional leadership on the organizational learning process and (3) whether the influence of transformational leadership is stronger than of a transactional type of leadership. The results show that transformational leadership h...

  6. Impact of Organizational Culture and Influence Tactics on Transformational Leadership

    Shuchi Mehta; Venkat R. Krishnan

    2004-01-01

    Impact of organizational culture (strong and weak) and use of influence tactics (soft and hard) on transformational leadership was studied using a 2 × 2 experimental design and a sample of 120 executives in a large manufacturing firm in eastern India. Results of analyses of variance show that leaders are seen as more transformational if the organizational culture is strong rather than weak, and if leaders use soft influence tactics rather than hard tactics. Transformational leadership is the ...

  7. The Impact of Group Cohesiveness on Organizational Performance: The Nigerian Case

    Adeleke Oladapo Banwo; Jianguo Du; Uchechi Onokala

    2015-01-01

    Several scholarly studies have associated strong group performance with a high level of group cohesion among the members. In this study, we investigated the impact of group cohesion on organizational performance using Carron, Widmeyer, and Brawley group environment questionnaire and Beauchamp, Bray and Carron (2002) role perception and acceptance scale administered to 180 employees in four branches of a commercial bank in Nigeria. The questionnaire was divided into three sections: demographic...

  8. Electronic commerce and the organizational impact

    Vasile Florescu; Valentin Dumitru

    2007-01-01

    E-commerce quickly becomes an instrument of strategic importance for companies. Choosing e-commerce supposes developing and deploying intercompanies architectures supported by the use of information technologies and communications (IT&C) and especially by the Internet technology in commercial transactions and also in evaluating the changes made within the company. Changes’` management is a condition for the success or failure of the e-commerce. Research in organizational changes brought by th...

  9. Organizational Change and Impact of IT

    Carugati, Andrea; Mola, Lapo

    2008-01-01

    improvements and therefore they need to stop thinking in terms of projects - with a defined goal and timeframe - and start thinking in terms of change processes. However, while much research has been conducted on IT related change, social, organizational, and behavioral consequences associated with information...... systems continue to present complex challenges to researchers and practitioners. Changing the mindset and learning from change management successes as well as failures is a survival imperative for any organization....

  10. The impact of selected organizational variables and managerial leadership on radiation therapists' organizational commitment

    Akroyd, Duane [Department of Adult and Community College Education, College of Education, Campus Box 7801, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 (United States)], E-mail: duane_akroyd@ncsu.edu; Legg, Jeff [Department of Radiologic Sciences, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284 (United States); Jackowski, Melissa B. [Division of Radiologic Sciences, University of North Carolina School of Medicine 27599 (United States); Adams, Robert D. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine 27599 (United States)

    2009-05-15

    The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of selected organizational factors and the leadership behavior of supervisors on radiation therapists' commitment to their organizations. The population for this study consists of all full time clinical radiation therapists registered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) in the United States. A random sample of 800 radiation therapists was obtained from the ARRT for this study. Questionnaires were mailed to all participants and measured organizational variables; managerial leadership variable and three components of organizational commitment (affective, continuance and normative). It was determined that organizational support, and leadership behavior of supervisors each had a significant and positive affect on normative and affective commitment of radiation therapists and each of the models predicted over 40% of the variance in radiation therapists organizational commitment. This study examined radiation therapists' commitment to their organizations and found that affective (emotional attachment to the organization) and normative (feelings of obligation to the organization) commitments were more important than continuance commitment (awareness of the costs of leaving the organization). This study can help radiation oncology administrators and physicians to understand the values their radiation therapy employees hold that are predictive of their commitment to the organization. A crucial result of the study is the importance of the perceived support of the organization and the leadership skills of managers/supervisors on radiation therapists' commitment to the organization.

  11. The impact of selected organizational variables and managerial leadership on radiation therapists' organizational commitment

    The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of selected organizational factors and the leadership behavior of supervisors on radiation therapists' commitment to their organizations. The population for this study consists of all full time clinical radiation therapists registered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) in the United States. A random sample of 800 radiation therapists was obtained from the ARRT for this study. Questionnaires were mailed to all participants and measured organizational variables; managerial leadership variable and three components of organizational commitment (affective, continuance and normative). It was determined that organizational support, and leadership behavior of supervisors each had a significant and positive affect on normative and affective commitment of radiation therapists and each of the models predicted over 40% of the variance in radiation therapists organizational commitment. This study examined radiation therapists' commitment to their organizations and found that affective (emotional attachment to the organization) and normative (feelings of obligation to the organization) commitments were more important than continuance commitment (awareness of the costs of leaving the organization). This study can help radiation oncology administrators and physicians to understand the values their radiation therapy employees hold that are predictive of their commitment to the organization. A crucial result of the study is the importance of the perceived support of the organization and the leadership skills of managers/supervisors on radiation therapists' commitment to the organization.

  12. Employee Perceptions of Corporate Reputation and Impact of The Perceptions on Organizational Pride, Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction: A Study on the East Marmara Region Plastic Packaging Industry

    Çekmecelioğlu, Hülya Gündüz; Dinçel, Güler

    2014-01-01

    Corporate reputation accepted as one of the strategic sources is corporate assets which add value to firm and has long-term benefits. Due to the increasing importance, in the recent years, corporate reputation has been an interesting subject for academicians along with the business world. The aim of this study is to examine how employees perceive the corporate reputation of the enterprises operating in plastic packaging industry and the impact of these perceptions on organizational pride, job...

  13. Impact of yoga way of life on organizational performance

    Adhia Hasmukh

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Organizational performance can be attributed to a number of factors. However, there are certain organizational factors, the presence or absence of which can determine the success or failure of the organization. There are different ways in which organizations try to improve their performance by working on such factors. In the research presented in this article, an attempt is made to find out whether adoption of the Yoga Way of Life by managers can have a positive impact on such organizational performance indicators. Aims: To measure effect of yoga way of life on five different indicators through an empirical study. Materials and Methods: The five indicators are job satisfaction, job involvement, goal orientation, affective organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior. Statistics Analysis: Pre- and post-data was measured using self-reported questionnaire. Independent T-test (Paired and Pearson′s correlation test were conducted using SPSS. Results and Conclusion: The results of the study show that Yoga has a significant positive impact on four out of five of these indicators. Only job involvement does not show significant improvement. The construct used for measuring job involvement had a Chronbach alpha of 0.613, which is an indicator of moderate reliability, which could be the main reason for not getting positive result.

  14. Impact Of Leadership Styles On Employee Organizational Commitment

    Sharon Clinebell; Vida Škudienė; Renata Trijonyte; James Reardon

    2013-01-01

    This research study examines the relationship between transformational, transactional and passive/avoidant leadership styles and three dimensions of organizational commitment – affective, continuance, and normative in two subsidiaries of one multinational organization. The research findings revealed that transformational leadership has the strongest impact on affective commitment, although transactional leadership also affects affective commitment. Transformational leadership also has a signi...

  15. The Impact of Skinner's "Verbal Behavior" on Organizational Behavior Management

    Fox, Eric J.; VanStelle, Sarah E.

    2010-01-01

    In the book "Verbal Behavior," Skinner provided a comprehensive, behavioral account of language. While the impact of Skinner's analysis on empirical research has been examined broadly, this review of the literature focused on studies relevant to organizational behavior management (OBM). Both empirical and nonempirical journal articles in OBM were…

  16. The Impact of Strategic Human Resource Management on Organizational Performance

    Luftim CANIA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Organizational performance is getting more and more important, especially in a market with greater competition and dynamic. Organizational performance is measured through different indicators. It guarantees the continuity of the organization to be competitive in a global marketplace. Normally, the implementation of performance indicators achieved through human resources. Human resources are the key for keeping the organization in the market so competitive. These human resources need to be managed effectively to achieve the required performance of the organization. It is necessary to manage strategically the human resources and to adapt at its strategy with organizational strategy. The aim of this study is focused on the impact of the strategic management of human resource in achieving organizational performance. This study was conducted based on primary and secondary sources. How much organizations appear competitive in the market through achieving the performance indicators? How important is the management of human resources in achieving organizational performance? So, through the skills, behaviors and attitudes would be expected by human resources to achieve the required performance in the organization.

  17. Study the effect of the organizational factors on the acceptance using combined heat and power Generation plants (small-scale generation by organizational Consumers

    mohammadRahim Esfidani

    2012-09-01

    2.\tOrder of importance and influence of organizational factors to be organizational resources, organizational goals and tasks, perception, organization representatives, technology, organizational values, and organizational structure respectively.

  18. The impact of Islamic leadership on organizational Objectives

    Yasir Majeed; Zulqarnain Khalid; Dr. Muhamamd Aslam Khan

    2011-01-01

    It is our pleasure to present this research on Islamic leadership on organization performance, which has been conducted in an attempt to develop standards for organization. During preparation of this report, consideration is given to showing basic principles of Islamic leadership and its impact on organizational performance. Shariah advisors and their mrelationship with the value addition of the organization is also discussed. To conclude that Islamic leadership is good or bad for our society...

  19. Gender and Leadership Aspiration: The Impact of the Organizational Environment

    Erlemann, C.

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractSummary The aim of this dissertation is to examine gender differences in leadership aspiration. Although some important work regarding gender-specific aspiration has been done already, conditions fostering leadership aspiration – particularly among women – are not completely understood. Therefore, the focus of this dissertation is on assessing the potential impact of the organizational environment, including formal and informal elements, as well as relevant actors and their re...

  20. Generational Differences Impact On Leadership Style And Organizational Success

    Mecca M. Salahuddin

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Many factors can affect organizational success. One factor that is important to organizational success is effective leadership.  Research has shown there are differences in leadership style among generations.  A cohort- group whose length approximates the span of life and boundaries and fixed by peer personality defines a generation.  The purpose of this paper is to review the current leadership styles and generational differences literature.  The paper examines whether there is a relationship between leadership style and generational cohort and its potential impact on organizational success.  Structured interviews were conducted with individuals representing each generation.  Five open-ended questions were asked to participants to determine the generation they identified. In addition, participants used a 1-10 ranking scale to identify preferred characteristics in admired leaders.  The interviews demonstrated there are difference and similarities among the generations.  Veterans and Generation Xers view honesty as important core values.  Both express the need for communication in bridging the communication gap.  Differences related to Baby Boomer belief in self-commitment and Veterans recognizing the importance with surrounding yourself with others.  The author recommends researchers continue to examine, using an empirical method, generational differences and leadership styles to understand its affect on organizational success.

  1. Spiritual Matter on Television: Organizational Impacts

    Nurat Kara

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In this study, reflection of impact of opinions of television organizations owners is discussed that the most of television organizations are commercial establishments, and much spiritual impacts of television organizations on broadcast and efforts to dictate ideological opinions of capital owners as a life style is evaluated. Primary purpose of organizations is profit and, as well, to respond some social necessities but beside this there are certain organizations that sometimes intend to convey ideological opinions and spritual approaches and aim to get supporters. Most of television organizations firstly are trying to profit, and then are trying to respond any social necessities in general organization principles; and in broadcast of many television organizations ideological approaches or religious opinions are fore. Television business organizations structure in different forms due to legal or functional dimensions and any individual or any groups at the top of organization are effective on content of broadcasting.Television organization administrators sometimes are planning to profit and, as well, reflect their spritual approaches and opinions on television broadcast and convey their opinions to mass and hope the spectator will support their opinions. This approach removes objective principles of television organization and television broadcasting changes into ideological propaganda if spiritual approach of television organization owner is regarded much in broadcasting excessively. It can be discussed objectivity of television organization due to reflection of spiritual approach on broadcasting in television organization and meanwhile the case steers capital owners who are planning to convey their ideological approaches to large masses and to have supporter, to have television organization.

  2. Children's Agricultural Safety Network: Evaluating Organizational Effectiveness and Impacts.

    Cramer, Mary E; Wendl, Mary J

    2015-01-01

    Coalitions that are effectively organized and led are more likely to achieve their intended program outcomes and impacts, as well as achieve sustainability. External evaluation of the coalition's governance and leadership can help identify strengths and areas for improvement. This article describes the evaluation of the Children's Agricultural Safety Network (CASN)-a national coalition, or network of 45 organizational members. The conceptual framework, Internal Coalition Outcomes Hierarchy, guided the evaluation. We used a mixed-methods approach to answer study's primary objectives from the perspective of CASN members and leaders for (a) organizational effectiveness, (b) network impact, and (c) member benefits. We collected quantitative data using a survey and the Internal Coalition Effectiveness (ICE) instrument. Focused interviews were conducted by phone to gather rich data on examples. Combined findings showed that both members and leaders rated the CASN effective in all construct areas that define successful coalitions. Members feel as invested in CASN success as do leaders. The major impact of CASN has been as a national leader and clearinghouse for childhood safety issues, and the most frequently cited example of impact was the national tractor safety campaign. Members identified the benefits of CASN membership as networking, resource sharing, and opportunities to enhance their knowledge, skills, and practices in the area. Members also valued the national attention that CASN was able to bring to the important issues in childhood agricultural safety. Suggestions for improvement were to focus on more research to improve best practices and strengthen dissemination and implementation science. PMID:25906269

  3. Mediating Role of Perceived Organizational Support on the Impact of Psychol ogical Capital on Organizational Identification

    Haluk Erdem

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Employees’ loyalty toward organizations is decreasing gradually recently. This phenomenon negatively affects the dimensions of organizational behavior directly or indirectly. In this study, the effect of psychological capital on organizational identification, and the mediating role of perceived org anizational support in this association are explored. Thereby, data based on the government employees in Bitlis Province (n=478 are analyzed (exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, regression analysis and it is supported that psychological capital increases positively and significantly perceived organizational support and organizational identification. Besides, the mediating role of organizational support in the association between psychological capital and organizational identification is supporte d using tree step regression analysis and Sobel Test

  4. A study to measure the impact of organizational culture and organizational excellence

    Asghar Nikbakht Elham Nikbakht

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Organizational culture plays an important role on increasing organization excellence and there are many evidences through different studies on this relationship. In this paper, we re-examine this relation between organizational culture and six other important factors including quality of leadership, quality of different strategies, quality of human resources, quality of participating in organizational resources, quality of organizational processes and methods of assessment. The study was held among 70 employees of one of distance learning universities located in province of Esfahan, Iran. The study uses Pearson correlation ratio as well as linear regression technique to investigate the relationships. The results confirmed that there are positive and meaningful relationship between organizational culture and quality of leadership, quality of different strategies, quality of human resources, quality of participating in organizational resources, quality of organizational processes but it does not find any meaningful relationship between organizational culture and methods of assessment.

  5. A study to measure the impact of organizational culture and organizational excellence

    Asghar Nikbakht Elham Nikbakht; Ali Soleimani Rad; Mohammad Reza Iravani

    2012-01-01

    Organizational culture plays an important role on increasing organization excellence and there are many evidences through different studies on this relationship. In this paper, we re-examine this relation between organizational culture and six other important factors including quality of leadership, quality of different strategies, quality of human resources, quality of participating in organizational resources, quality of organizational processes and methods of assessment. The study was held...

  6. IMPACT OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL LEARNING ON DIFFERENT DIMENSIONS OF ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE: A CASE STUDY OF ASIAN FOOD INDUSTRY

    HUANG HUI, CHE WAN JASIMAHBT WAN MOHAMED RADZI, HASHEMSALARZADEH JENATABADI MARYAM KHEIROLLAHPOUR &SON RADU

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of the study is to establish the relationships between knowledge management (KM) and organizational learning (OL), and their impact on three different dimensions of organizational performance (OP)in manufacturing food industries. 172 companies in food industry were selected in China, Taiwan and Malaysia, and structural equation modeling (SEM) is applied to test the hypotheses in the research model. The results show that KM and OL have positive effect on three dimensions of OP.

  7. Impact Of Leadership Styles On Employee Organizational Commitment

    Sharon Clinebell

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This research study examines the relationship between transformational, transactional and passive/avoidant leadership styles and three dimensions of organizational commitment – affective, continuance, and normative in two subsidiaries of one multinational organization. The research findings revealed that transformational leadership has the strongest impact on affective commitment, although transactional leadership also affects affective commitment. Transformational leadership also has a significant positive affect on normative commitment. Transactional leadership has a significant positive affect on continuance commitment and positive/avoidant leadership has a significant negative affect on affective commitment.

  8. Knowledge management adoption and its impact on organizational learning and non-financial performance

    Yudho Giri Sucahyo; Diyah Utari; Nur Fitriah Ayuning Budi; Achmad Nizar Hidayanto; Dina Chahyati

    2016-01-01

    This paper aims to investigate the determinants of knowledge management (KM) adoption on organizational and individual level, as well as its impact on non-financial performance through an intermediary of organizational learning (“OL”). The KM adoption model was constructed by using a combination of TOE (Technology, Organizational and Environment) for the organizational level and TPE (Technology, Personal, and Environmental) framework for the individual level; this we called the TOPE (Technolo...

  9. Employees’ acceptance of knowledge management systems and its impact on creating learning organizations

    Sun Joo Yoo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Many organizations are eager to become learning organizations that are known to contribute to increased financial performance, innovation, and the retention of workers who possess valuable organizational knowledge. For this reason, knowledge management systems (KMSs in reality have been utilized as a means to foster the development of learning organizations. However, it remains questionable as to whether or not KMSs have any impact on the creation of learning organizations. Therefore, this study is designed to address this deficit and build a foundation for future research. Situated in theoretical frameworks pertinent to learning organizations and technology acceptance, a total of 327 datasets collected from three South Korean companies revealed that employees’ technology acceptances of KMSs could influence the creation of learning organizations in the workplaces of South Korea. The results showed that using KMSs influenced the development of learning organizations. To maximize the utilization of KMSs, the change management process should not be overlooked before and after the integration of technology.

  10. Impact of dietary plant protein levels on the consumer acceptability of senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup, 1858)

    Pereira, L.; Anjos, O.; Lima, R.C.; M. C. Cunha; Valente, L.; Cunha, L. M.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the present work was to assess the impact of different vegetable diets in the sensory acceptability of Senegalese sole. This work was carried out by Project PROAMBIENTE for enhancing SMEs organizational and management structure to enter foreign markets. PROAMBIENTE has the financial support of Quadro de Referência Estratégico Nacional – QREN and Programa Operacional Regional do Norte – ON2, supported by the European fund for regional development FEDER.

  11. Mediating Role of Perceived Organizational Support on the Impact of Psychol ogical Capital on Organizational Identification

    Haluk Erdem; Yunus Gökmen; Ufuk Türen

    2015-01-01

    Employees’ loyalty toward organizations is decreasing gradually recently. This phenomenon negatively affects the dimensions of organizational behavior directly or indirectly. In this study, the effect of psychological capital on organizational identification, and the mediating role of perceived org anizational support in this association are explored. Thereby, data based on the government employees in Bitlis Province (n...

  12. The Impact of Organizational Culture and Job Related Affective Well Being on Employees’ Conflict Resolution Styles

    Nurdan Özarallı

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the impact of cooperative or competitive organizational culture and employees’ job related affective well being on their preferred conflict resolution styles. A total of 236 white collar employees in the private sector completed questionnaires on “Organizational Culture“, “Job Related Affective Well Being“and “Conflict Resolution Styles“. Results indicated that employees working in a cooperative organizational culture would choose problem solving, comprom...

  13. The Impact of Organizational Justice on Employee's Job Satisfaction: The Malaysian Companies Perspectives

    Choong K. Fatt; Edward W.S. Khin; Tioh N. Heng

    2010-01-01

    Problem statement: This research study analyzed the impact of organizational justice as encompassed by two components, namely distributive justice and procedural justice on employees job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intention. This study revealed a positive and significant relationship showing that the foundation of an employees job satisfaction and organizational commitment is within the application of both distributive and procedural justice, and this supports a sig...

  14. ORGANIZATIONAL STRESS AND ITS IMPACT ON WORK PERFORMANCE

    Costin Madalina - Adriana

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, in times of economic crisis, most managers or entrepreneurs have to cope with a lot of new job challenges which can easily transform into stressors. Work related stress is of growing concern because it has significant economic implications for the organization. Even if some stress is a normal part of life, excessive stress can influence one's productivity, health and emotions and it has to be taken under control. When people lose confidence, they refuse to take responsibilities, they get quickly irritated, they are unsatisfied of their job, their performance will be very low and the organization will be in danger. Fortunately, most managers and entrepreneurs know which stress main symptoms are and have the necessary knowledge for managing and reducing it before it can affect employees' daily work. Stress can have an impact both on the organizational welfare and on personal behavior of supervisors or employees, that's why, the ability of managing it can make the difference between job's success or failure. The purpose of this paper is to study Romanian managers and entrepreneurs from Bihor County's perception regarding the stress phenomenon, if they feel that they are affected by stress, if they promote some methods to reduce it and if they consider that stress can influence the organizational performance. As a research method we used an online questionnaire, applied to a number of 75 managers and entrepreneurs that represent the target group of the project "Flexibility and performance through management", project financed by the European Social Fund - "Invest in people". Each participant had to answer a number of 35 questions regarding stress and the results will be presented in this paper. The main conclusion is that, even if job itself is seen as a stressor, there are other important factors that can produce stress such as: family problems, personal problems or social problems.

  15. Impacts of Organizational Culture on the Practice of Management

    安然

    2013-01-01

      Organizational culture has received increasing attention in recent years both from academics and practioners. Many researchers have confirmed the influence of values on management theories. Barney regards organizational culture as a significant element in creating and implementing the best strategy for competitive advantage. Every thing has pros and cons, organization culture is no exception, and problems caused by organizational culture must be recognized as well, such as barriers to mergers and acquisitions.

  16. The Mutual Impact of Global Strategy and Organizational Learning

    Hotho, Jasper J.; Lyles, Marjorie A.; Easterby-Smith, Mark

    2015-01-01

    global strategy research to adopt a broader notion of organizational learning. Our second recommendation is for global strategy research to capitalize on its attention to context in order to inform and enhance organizational learning theory. We discuss the use of context in a number of common research...... designs and highlight how the scope for theoretical contributions back to organizational learning varies with the research design that is adopted....

  17. Impact of Teachers' Perceptions of Organizational Support, Management Openness and Personality Traits on Voice

    Cetin, Sahin

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to study the impact of perceived organizational support and management openness and teacher personality traits on teacher voice. Voice is defined as the discretionary communication of ideas, suggestions or concerns about work-related issues with the intent to improve organizational functioning. Sample of the study…

  18. The Impact of Perceived Organizational Support on Positive Psycho logical Capacities: A Study of Nurses

    Gökhan Bitmiş

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the impact of perceived organizational support on some positive psychological capacities. Optimism, hope, and self efficacy have employed in the context of this research. Data is collected by survey method from 161 nurses, who work for the hospitals of foundation universities in Ankara. Data is analyzed by the help of structural equation modeling. Results show that perceived organizational support positively a...

  19. The impact of organizational culture on perceptions and experiences of sexual harassment

    Timmerman, M.C.; Bajema, C.W.

    2000-01-01

    In sexual harassment research, the importance of organizational variables has become increasingly clear. Utilizing the results of a survey conducted at a telecommunications company in 1997 (N = 458), this study elaborates on the impact of organizational culture on the incidence of unwanted sexual be

  20. Impact of School Managers' Altruist Behaviors upon Organizational Cynicism: The Case of Kocaeli, Turkey

    Konakli, Tugba

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this research is to determine the impact of school managers' altruist behaviors upon organizational cynicism by examining the relationship between school managers' altruist behaviors according to teachers and teachers' perceptions of organizational cynicism. The research sample consisted of 250 teachers employed in 15…

  1. The Impact of Organizational Factors on Safety. The Perspective of Experts from the Spanish Nuclear Sector

    Previous research supports the importance of organizational factors on safety in high reliability organizations. This study aims to determine the impact of those factors in the Spanish nuclear sector. Particularly, this study focuses on examining the role of performance indicators, organizational culture, organizational factors, and organizational context. With that purpose, an electronic survey addressed to experts from the Spanish nuclear sector was carried out. Results showed that performance indicators are well-known among industry experts and are perceived as useful for improving performance. Behavioural norms that influence safety and some relevant factors that promote problem identification were identified. Additionally, findings suggested that organizational context must be taken into account to better understand the role of organizational culture. Moreover, industry experts pointed out organizational factors to be improved: organizational communication processes within the organization, positive reinforcement, and field supervisors practices. Finally, findings supported the influence of organizational context on safety. It is noteworthy the role of the social impact of international events (e.g., Chernobyl...), the relationship with the regulator and the legislative and governmental framework. (Author)

  2. The Impact of Organizational Justice on Turnover Intention of Bankers of KPK, Pakistan: The Mediator Role of Organizational Commitment

    Norhani Bakri; Nazim Ali

    2015-01-01

    The main purpose of this research was to investigate the mediating effect of organizational commitment between organizational justice and turnover Intention of bankers, Pakistan. Data were collected through organizational commitment questionnaire, organizational justice questionnaire and turnover Intention questionnaire from 177 bankers of KPK, Pakistan. Results showed that organizational justice had a significant positive relationship with organizational commitment and negative relationship ...

  3. Promoting Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Schools: The Impact of Individual and Organizational Characteristics

    Somech, Anit; Ron, Ifat

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The success of schools fundamentally depends on teachers' willingness to go above and beyond the call of duty, namely, to exhibit organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs). Attempts to understand the causes of OCB frequently focus on individual characteristics; only recently have researchers begun to direct their attention to more…

  4. Exploring the Impact of God Schema on Equal Opportunity Climate and Related Indicators of Organizational Effectiveness

    Findlay, Rolanda Alexis

    2009-01-01

    The present study explored the relationship between God schema and work place perceptions, specifically perceptions of equal opportunity (EO) climate and indicators of organizational effectiveness (OE). The first aim of this research was to investigate the impact of God schema (i.e., God schema patterns) on EO climate (i.e., collective EO climate patterns). The second aim of this research was to explore the impact of God schema, race, gender, and EO climate on indicators of organizational eff...

  5. Analysis of Information Systems Applied to Evaluating Tourism Service Quality Based on Organizational Impact

    Min Wei

    2012-01-01

    Organizational impact on information systems plays an important role for tourism managers’ attention towards improving tourism service quality. As tourism service quality depends on information systems, which is important to determine what aspects of organizational impact that are critical to the managers of tourism enterprises to devise effective tourism service quality improvement strategies. In this paper, the model of the relationship of information systems, tourism service quality ...

  6. Organizational Impacts due to ISO 9001 Certified Implementation on Brazilians Cardboard Companies

    Glaucia Aparecida Prates; Jose Claudio Caraschi

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the evaluation internal and external organizational impacts of a company that has adopted a total quality management system: ISO 9001 certification. Based on a case study, supported in bibliographic references in a cardboard sector company, the survey aims to measure and evaluate the basic concepts of quality and the certification benefits. Upon this study completion it was found that actually getting a certified ISO 9001 brings many organizational impacts and leads to ove...

  7. The Impact of Strategic Human Resource Management on Organizational Performance

    Luftim CANIA

    2014-01-01

    Organizational performance is getting more and more important, especially in a market with greater competition and dynamic. Organizational performance is measured through different indicators. It guarantees the continuity of the organization to be competitive in a global marketplace. Normally, the implementation of performance indicators achieved through human resources. Human resources are the key for keeping the organization in the market so competitive. These human resources need to be man...

  8. Generational Differences Impact On Leadership Style And Organizational Success

    Mecca M. Salahuddin

    2011-01-01

    Many factors can affect organizational success. One factor that is important to organizational success is effective leadership.  Research has shown there are differences in leadership style among generations.  A cohort- group whose length approximates the span of life and boundaries and fixed by peer personality defines a generation.  The purpose of this paper is to review the current leadership styles and generational differences literature.  The paper examines whether th...

  9. Impact of Organizational Characteristics on Employees’ Workplace Preferences

    Alperen Mustafa Yigit; Murat Koc; Sema Yigit

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to find the important attributes of organizations that effect employee choice, using conjoint analysis as an analytical tool. According to the purpose firstly 11 organizational attributes were determined based on relevant literature then the following five attributes of organizations were identified with a pilot study: pay level, social insurance, organizational reputation, working hours and transportation. Using subjects from a cement factory in Ordu, 105 respond...

  10. The impact on innovation off-shoring on organizational adaptability

    Baier, Elisabeth; Rammer, Christian; Schuber, Torben

    2013-01-01

    We analyze the effects of captive off-shoring of innovation activities on the firms' ability to adapt their organizational processes and structures. Starting from complexity theory, we use three consecutive waves of the German part of the Community Innovation Survey to test our hypotheses. We find an inverted u-shape of innovation off-shoring on the effectiveness of organizational adaptability, implying an optimal threshold value of innovation off-shoring. This value is 11% for share of off-s...

  11. The Negative Impact of Organizational Cynicism on Physicians and Nurses

    Volpe, Rebecca L.; Mohammed, Susan; Hopkins, Margaret; Shapiro, Daniel; Dellasega, Cheryl

    2014-01-01

    Despite the potentially severe consequences that could result, there is a paucity of research on organizational cynicism within US healthcare providers. In response, this study investigated the effect of cynicism on organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and interest in leaving the hospital for another job in a sample of 205 physicians and 842 nurses. Three types of cynicism were investigated: trait (dispositional), global (directed toward the hospital), and local (directed toward a spe...

  12. The impact of work rewards on radiographers' organizational commitment.

    Akroyd, D; Mulkey, W; Utley-Smith, Q

    1995-01-01

    Organizational commitment is an affective work outcome that has been used to predict work-related behaviors such as turnover, absenteeism and intent-to-leave. There has been little research in organizational commitment for the allied health professions and no empirical studies in the radiologic sciences. The purpose of this study was to examine the predictive value of selected intrinsic and extrinsic work reward variables--involvement, significance, autonomy, general working conditions, supervision and salary--on staff radiographers' organizational commitment. In this study of 600 full-time staff radiographers in North and South Carolina, supervision (for ages 20-37 years) and involvement (for ages 38-66 years) were significant predictors of organizational commitment. The results of the study indicate that healthcare organizations should provide potential supervisors with managerial training, especially for radiographers who move to supervisory positions based on clinical skills and years of experience. In the long run, such programs are much less expensive than costs associated with replacing employees who leave the organization because of low organizational commitment. Also, management strategies and programs to redesign and enhance job tasks may help maintain or increase organizational commitment. PMID:10143137

  13. The negative impact of organizational cynicism on physicians and nurses.

    Volpe, Rebecca L; Mohammed, Susan; Hopkins, Margaret; Shapiro, Daniel; Dellasega, Cheryl

    2014-01-01

    Despite the potentially severe consequences that might result, there is a paucity of research on organizational cynicism within US health care providers. In response, this study investigated the effect of cynicism on organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and interest in leaving the hospital for another job in a sample of 205 physicians and 842 nurses. Three types of cynicism were investigated: trait (dispositional), global (directed toward the hospital), and local (directed toward a specific unit or department). Findings indicate that all 3 types of cynicism were negatively related to affective organizational commitment and job satisfaction, but positively related to interest in leaving. In both nurse and physician samples, cynicism explained about half of the variance in job satisfaction and affective commitment, which is the type of commitment managers are most eager to promote. Cynicism accounted for about a quarter and a third of the variance in interest in leaving the hospital for nurses and physicians, respectively. Trait, global, and local cynicism each accounted for unique variance in affective commitment, job satisfaction, and interest in leaving, with global cynicism exerting the largest influence on each outcome. The implications for managers are that activities aimed at decreasing organizational cynicism are likely to increase affective organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and organizational tenure. PMID:25350015

  14. Organizational Justice and Perceived Organizational Support: Impact on Negative Work-Home Interference and Well-being Outcomes

    Audrey Babic

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available It is well established that negative work-home interference (NegWHI impacts upon several work attitudes and behaviors. In the interests of both organizational effectiveness and employee well-being, it is important to identify concepts related to NegWHI and investigate their effects on well-being outcomes. This study examines the mediating role of (1 perceived organizational support (POS in the relationship between organizational justice (OJ and NegWHI; and (2 NegWHI in the relationships between POS and four well-being outcomes. A total of 509 employees of a Belgian hospital were surveyed. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling and the bootstrapping method. Results showed that POS partially mediates the relationships between distributive and passive procedural justice and NegWHI, and fully mediates the relationship between the other justice dimensions and NegWHI. NegWHI partially mediates the relationships between POS and both job satisfaction and intention to quit, and fully mediates the relationship between POS and job strain. Furthermore, POS is positively related to job engagement. This study showed that organizations can help employees to better manage their work and family lives and reduce the impact of NegWHI by enhancing employees’ feeling that they are supported by their organization. In order to increase POS, organizations need to promote justice in the workplace.

  15. The impact of ethical climate on turnover intentions and organizational performance

    Zahra Nikkhah Farkhani

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the impact of ethical climate on turnover intentions and organizational performance based on the implementation of various techniques. The interview method was used to identify the factors of input and output. Required data were collected to measure performance of firms based on some documents. The survey method was used to study the ethical climate and turnover intentions. The impact of ethical climate on turnover intentions and organizational performance was evaluated. The information was analyzed based on different software packages including Deap2.1, SPSS.18 (PASW and Lisrel 8.1. The preliminary results indicate that organizational ethical climate positively impacts on sales representative performance and negatively influences on turnover Intentions. The highest positively correlations were between sales practices and organizational performance (r=0.48 and the highest negatively correlations were between sales practices and turnover intentions(r=-0.72.

  16. The impact of psychological empowerment and organizational commitment on Chines nurses' job satisfaction.

    Zhou, Wen-Bin; Ouyang, Yan-Qiong; Qu, Hui

    2014-11-10

    Abstract Background: Research findings have shown that job satisfaction of Chinese nurses is at a low level. Limited studies have focused on the impact of psychological empowerment and organizational commitment on job satisfaction of Chinese nurses. Aims: The aim of this study is to describe job satisfaction, psychological empowerment and organizational commitment of Chinese nurses and to explore the impact of psychological empowerment and organizational commitment on the nurses' job satisfaction. Methods: A total of 726 nurses were recruited in a convenience sample from 10 tertiary hospitals. Data were collected using four questionnaires including Job Satisfaction Survey, Psychological Empowerment Scale, Organizational Commitment Scale and Demographic Questionnaire. Descriptive analysis, correlation and stepwise multiple regression were used for data analysis. Results: Nurses' job satisfaction, psychological empowerment, and organizational commitment were identified at moderate levels. Nurses' job satisfaction and psychological empowerment were significantly different in terms of age and length of service; nurse job satisfaction varied with respect to marital status. Findings further indicated that nurse job satisfaction was positively correlated with psychological empowerment and organizational commitment. Psychological empowerment, organizational commitment, and marital status were significant predicting factors of nurse job satisfaction. Conclusions: This study provides evidence to help nursing managers and health policy-makers to develop intervention programs aimed at enhancing nurse job satisfaction and retaining nurses. PMID:25381702

  17. The impact of emotional dissonance on organizational commitment and intention to turnover.

    Abraham, R

    1999-07-01

    In the workplace, emotional dissonance is the conflict between experienced emotions and emotions expressed to conform to display rules. This study is an empirical examination of the impact of emotional dissonance on organizational criteria and its moderation by self-monitoring and social support. Emotional dissonance was theorized to stimulate turnover intentions, either solely through job dissatisfaction or through both job dissatisfaction and reduced organizational commitment. Job dissatisfaction was found to be the sole mediator. Emotional dissonance resulted in job dissatisfaction, which, in turn, stimulated withdrawal intentions. Self-monitoring and social support exerted moderator effects, albeit in opposing directions. Emotional dissonance aroused feelings of job dissatisfaction and reduced organizational commitment among high self-monitors. In contrast, social support lessened the negative impact of emotional dissonance on organizational commitment. PMID:10412221

  18. Follower Behavior and Organizational Performance : the Impact of Transformational Leaders

    Boerner, Sabine; Eisenbeiss, Silke Astrid; Griesser, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    This study sheds light on the mediating processes by which transformational leadership influences follower performance and innovation, respectively. We hypothesize that transformational leaders boost follower performance by stimulating organizational citizenship behavior, whereas they enhance follower innovation by triggering controversial discussion of task related issues (debate). On the contrary, we do not expect these mediating effects to hold for the relationship between transactional le...

  19. School Innovation: The Mutual Impacts of Organizational Learning and Creativity

    McCharen, Belinda; Song, JiHoon; Martens, Jon

    2011-01-01

    The primary aim of this research is to identify cultural determinants of organizational learning and knowledge creation practices, which could be the driving factors for the innovation process in school settings (Mulford, 1998; Silins et al., 2002). A conceptual process model for school innovation was developed. In contrast to previous approaches,…

  20. Financial management practices and their impact on organizational performance

    Butt, Babar Zaheer; Hunjra, Ahmed Imran; Rehman, Kashif-Ur-

    2010-01-01

    This study measures the relationship between organizational performance and financial management practices like capital structure decision, dividend policy, investment appraisal techniques, working capital management and financial performance assessment in Pakistani corporate sector. Sample of the study consisted of forty companies operating in Pakistan, related to different sectors and listed at Karachi Stock Exchange. The finance executives and financial analysts of the companies respon...

  1. Organizational performance impacting patient satisfaction in Ontario hospitals: a multilevel analysis

    Koné Péfoyo, Anna J; Wodchis, Walter P.

    2013-01-01

    Background Patient satisfaction in health care constitutes an important component of organizational performance in the hospital setting. Satisfaction measures have been developed and used to evaluate and improve hospital performance, quality of care and physician practice. In order to direct improvement strategies, it is necessary to evaluate both individual and organizational factors that can impact patients’ perception of care. The study aims were to determine the dimensions of patient sati...

  2. Improving classroom practices: the impact of leadership, school organizational conditions, and teacher factors

    Sleegers, P.J.C.; Oort, F. J.; Peetsma, T.T.D.; Thoonen, E.E.J.

    2012-01-01

    Schools are challenged to improve classroom practices as they are expected to enhance students’ motivation. While leadership, school organizational conditions and teacher factors are considered essential for improving classroom practices, more should be known about the interplay between school internal conditions and their development over time to explain teacher learning and change. This book describes a study that gains more insight into the impact of leadership, school organizational condi...

  3. ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF THE SUPPLY CHAIN PERFORMANCE ON THE OVERALL ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE

    Florian Gyula Laszlo

    2013-01-01

    After presenting the multidimensionality of organizational performance and its specific in the context of a supply chain, this paper uses a Romanian dataset of firms to estimate the impact of different areas of performance in the context of a supply chain on the overall organizational performance. Analysis follows a balanced scorecards approach, identifying four areas of performances in the context of supply chains. Results show that financial, marketing and innovation do have a positive and ...

  4. The Impact of Perceived Organizational Support on Positive Psycho logical Capacities: A Study of Nurses

    Gökhan Bitmiş

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the impact of perceived organizational support on some positive psychological capacities. Optimism, hope, and self efficacy have employed in the context of this research. Data is collected by survey method from 161 nurses, who work for the hospitals of foundation universities in Ankara. Data is analyzed by the help of structural equation modeling. Results show that perceived organizational support positively and significantly affects the nurse’s positive psychological capacities of optimism, hope, and self efficacy.

  5. Supply Chain Management Practices Impact on the Healthcare Perceived Organizational Performance in Malaysia

    Meisam Karami; Maryam Joharishirazi; Saif-Ur-Rehman Khan; Muhammad Siddique

    2014-01-01

    The structure of the current study is based on to the prior studies on supply chain management practices and perceived organizational performance. The objective of the current study is to create a conceptual framework to investigating the link between supply chain management practices and healthcare’s perceived organizational performance that indicates the mediating impact of alliance integrated network in Malaysia. Dimensions of supply chain management practices such as demand management, in...

  6. Impact of Organizational Culture on Human Resource Practices: A Study of Selected Nigerian Private Universities

    Osibanjo Omotayo Adewale; Adeniji Adenike Anthonia

    2013-01-01

    This paper shows results of the impact of organizational culture on human resource practices in some selected Nigerian private universities. The statistical analysis was based on two hundred and thirty-seven respondents in the selected studied private universities showing that a close relationship exists between organizational culture and recruitment process, training programmes, job performance management, performance of employees, pay structure, and compensation administration. The paper su...

  7. The Impact of Adult Degree-Completion Programs on the Organizational Climate of Christian Colleges and Universities

    Giles, Pamela

    2010-01-01

    Leaders in Christian higher education are often unaware of how adult degree completion programs (ADCPs) impact a school's organizational behavior, and no research has examined employees' perceptions of its impact. This nonexperimental, descriptive study examined differences in employees' perceptions of the impact on organizational climate of the…

  8. Identifying the Potential Organizational Impact of an Educational Peer Review Program

    Toth, Kate E.; McKey, Colleen A.

    2010-01-01

    The literature on educational peer review (EPR) has focused on evaluating EPR's impact on faculty and/or student learning outcomes; no literature exists on the potential organizational impact. A qualitative (case study) research design explored perceptions of 17 faculty and 10 administrators within a school of nursing in an Ontario university…

  9. Impact of accidents on organizational aspects of nuclear utilities

    Spurgin, A. J.; Stupples, D.

    2012-01-01

    This paper applies the Beer Viable Systems Model (VSM) approach to the study of nuclear accidents. It relates how organizational structures and rules are affected by accidents in the attempt to improve safety and reduce risk. The paper illustrates this process with reference to a number of accidents. The dynamic cybernetic aspect of the VSM approach to organizations yields a better understanding of the need for good decision-making to minimize risk and how organizations really operate.

  10. Organizational Factors Impact about Touristic Services Consumer Satisfaction

    Carmen Babaita

    2006-01-01

    Touristic activity constitutes, through the organizational and through the quality of the services offered, one of the signs of economic and socio/cultural development of a country. This could became for Romania one of the fundamental and strategic point of economic growth that lies behind the growth of other activity sectors, not only the touristic ones. This paper attempts to provide to those who are interested, a study upon the bound that exists between the customer’s satisfaction, and the...

  11. Assessing the Impact of IT Competency on Organizational Learning Capability of Indonesian Manufacturing Firms

    Alizar Hasan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempt to assessing the impact of IT competency on organizational learning capability by using the measurement scale that have been developed by Tippins et al. and Gomes et al. These studies cover a sample of 192 manufacturing firms. IT competencies are classified into three dimensions: IT knowledge, IT operations, and IT objects, and organizational learning capability are classified into four dimensions: Managerial commitment, System perspec-tive, Openness and experimentation, and Knowledge transfer and integration. The result of factor analysis on IT competency and Organizational learning capability show that all items have high loading only on a single factor with ranging from .60 to .84. The findings revealed that IT competency positively and significantly influences the organizational learning capability of Indonesian manufacturing firms.

  12. Impact of Health Care Employees’ Job Satisfaction On Organizational Performance Support Vector Machine Approach

    Cemil Kuzey

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was undertaken to search for key factors that contribute to job satisfaction among health care workers, and also to determine the impact of these underlying dimensions of employee satisfaction on organizational performance. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA was applied to initially uncover the key factors, and then, in the next stage of analysis, a popular data mining technique, Support Vector Machine (SVM was employed on a sample of 249 to determine the impact of job satisfaction factors on organizational performance. According to the proposed model, the main factors were revealed to be management’s attitude, pay/reward, job security and colleagues.

  13. Impact of Health Care Employees' Job Satisfaction On Organizational Performance Support Vector Machine Approach

    Cemil Kuzey

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study was undertaken to search for key factors that contribute to job satisfaction among health care workers, and also to determine the impact of these underlying dimensions of employee satisfaction on organizational performance. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA was applied to initially uncover the key factors, and then, in the next stage of analysis, a popular data mining technique, Support Vector Machine (SVM was employed on a sample of 249 to determine the impact of job satisfaction factors on organizational performance. According to the proposed model, the main factors were revealed to be management's attitude, pay/reward, job security and colleagues.

  14. To Investigate the Impact of Training, Employee Empowerment and Organizational Climate on Job Performance

    Haleema Zia

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the quantitative relationship of training, employee empowerment and organizational climate with job performance. Job performance can be measured in terms of efficiency and effectiveness of employees-how well they perform their tasks in order to achieve organizational goals. Empowerment is very important tool to enhance productivity of an organization by enhancing job performance of employees. In certain conditions it may result in reducing job performance, which depends on organizational climate and how employees and management perceive empowerment. The organizations which conduct regular training programs help to build the skills and competencies of employees. Ethical organizational climate plays a vital role in enhancing the performance by reducing employees’ stress levels and enhanced satisfaction. Based on the literature review, a research model is developed positing that training, employee empowerment and organizational climate has a direct impact on job performance of employees. This model is empirically tested using data collected from National Institute of Health (NIH, Islamabad which is a public sector organization of Pakistan. The target population consisted of 794 employees of NIH and the sample size was calculated as 200 by using as per Krejcie and Morgan (1970 formula for sample determination and for data results various analysis techniques were used like correlation analysis and regression analysis. The results showed a significant relationship of training and organizational climate with job performance. According to the findings of the study, employee empowerment negatively influences the job performance.

  15. Supply Chain Management Practices Impact on the Healthcare Perceived Organizational Performance in Malaysia

    Meisam Karami

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The structure of the current study is based on to the prior studies on supply chain management practices and perceived organizational performance. The objective of the current study is to create a conceptual framework to investigating the link between supply chain management practices and healthcare’s perceived organizational performance that indicates the mediating impact of alliance integrated network in Malaysia. Dimensions of supply chain management practices such as demand management, information and technology management capacity and resource management, customer relationship management, supplier relationship management are determined to have a positive and significant relationship with perceived organizational performance. Furthermore, alliance network have the mediation impact on the direct relationship. The proposed research framework applies to a Malaysian health care industry which has limited studies.

  16. The influences of computer system success and informatics competencies on organizational impact in nursing environments.

    Lin, Hsien-Cheng; Hsu, Meng-Hsiang; Yang, Chen-Wei

    2014-02-01

    The previous literature provides evidence that the characteristics of a successful computer system and the informatics competencies of individuals play a critical role in the adoption of information technology. However, while the combined effects of the two may provide a comprehensive view in understanding nursing informatics research, they have rarely been studied simultaneously. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the influences of computer system success and informatics competencies on nursing organizational impact. We surveyed 454 nurses who worked at international patient centers in Taiwan. The results show that both nurses' informatics competencies and nursing computer system success do have influence on nursing organizational impact. Moreover, nurses' informatics competencies have a greater effect than the superior characteristics of a nursing computer system on nursing organizational performance. Finally, implications for practitioners complete this study. PMID:24132084

  17. Anticipating the organizational impacts of electric industry restructuring

    The various aspects of restructuring in the electric industry, and what can be done to anticipate them, were reviewed, based on the California experience. Major issues that will affect the industry organizationally were discussed, with several examples of alternative structural models. Current issues and likely changes in competition at the wholesale level were described, along with the most probable changes in the way electricity will be marketed at the retail level. Potential benefits, and major concerns about retail access were defined. The structure of the industry in California was summarized (the Independent System Operator (ISO), and the Power Exchange (PX) being the principal features). The system's governance, present and future structure, the still evolving nature of regulation, problems with stranded costs and alternative methods for computing them, the transition process itself, the California approach to transition cost recovery, and what all this means to customers, were some of the topics that have received attention

  18. Experiencing the Impact of Organizational Structure on Planning and Visioning Tasks

    Pennisi, Lisa

    2012-01-01

    The various ways natural resource agencies and programs are structured and how that impacts leadership style and products is an important concept for students to understand. Leadership style and organizational structure determine visions, missions, goals and objectives that set the tone for organizations. This exercise demonstrates organizational…

  19. Organizational Trust in Times of Challenge: The Impact on Faculty and Administrators

    Hoppes, Cherron R.; Holley, Karri A.

    2014-01-01

    Higher education institutions have faced increased social, cultural, economic, and political challenges in recent decades. In this study we used the socio-cultural construct of trust to understand how organizational responses to external challenges impact the relationship between faculty members and administrators. Using extensive interviews,…

  20. The Impact of Telecommuting Intensity on Employee Perception Outcomes: Job Satisfaction, Productivity, and Organizational Commitment

    Nyaanga, Solomon G.

    2012-01-01

    This research investigates the impact of telecommuting intensity (hours worked/week from home) on worker perceived outcomes such as job satisfaction, productivity, organizational commitment. Data was collected and analyzed from a large U.S. Federal Department. The conceptual research model and design include three key mediating variables, one…

  1. Impact of Organizational Climate on Performance of College Teachers in Punjab

    Raza, Syed Ahmad

    2010-01-01

    The study aimed to determine the impact of organizational climate on performance of college teachers. The researcher selected the area of college education as the focus of the study. The study was delimited to all the public sector degree colleges of Punjab. Population of this study consisted of all the principals and teachers working in public…

  2. Factors impacting public acceptance of medical radiation exposure

    We undertook a survey to determine the public acceptance of medical radiation exposure throughout Japan, and 1,357 responses (67.9% response rate) were obtained using a two-stage systematic stratified random sampling method. The acceptance of exposure of children was generally similar to that of adults. For each of the attributes, 45-60% of the participants were accepting of exposure for cancer treatment and diagnosis, but only 30% were accepting of exposure for X-ray diagnoses of bone fractures and dental caries. In general, the presence of a child did not markedly affect women's acceptance of exposure. Factor analyses identified 3 factors influencing the acceptance of child exposure: symptomatic diseases to determine treatment, the possibility of high-risk diseases (or major organ diseases), and the association with cancer. Cluster analysis showed 4 clusters: a positive group regarding children's exposure for the diagnosis of bone fractures and dental caries (12.9% of all participants), a positive group for major organ disease and cancer (15.5%), a negative group excluding cancer (55.2%), and a positive group for all cases (16.4%). The cluster distributions revealed that mothers with 10- to 18-year-old firstborn children showed a tendency to accept the medical radiation exposure of their children in all cases. (author)

  3. CHANGE MANAGEMENT PPROCESS AND ACTIVITIES IMPACTS ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE: A CASE IN PERSPECTIVE OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE

    Almana Naeem; Muhammad Fahad Aslam Khan; Habibullah Orakzai; Dr. Syed Tasweer Hussain Shah

    2013-01-01

    Vibrant environments recognized by technical, economic and political change increasingly requires company agility among organizations. The purpose of this study was to explore the characteristics of change process and their impact on performance of an organization and to identify the culture of an organization that are more favorable to institutionalizing strategic thinking beyond efforts of individual effort or change process. The importance of change as a necessity for company success and g...

  4. The History of UTAUT Model and Its Impact on ICT Acceptance and Usage by Academicians

    Oye, N. D.; Iahad, N. A.; Rahim, N. Ab.

    2014-01-01

    This paper started with the review of the history of technology acceptance model from TRA to UTAUT. The expected contribution is to bring to lime light the current development stage of the technology acceptance model. Based on this, the paper examined the impact of UTAUT model on ICT acceptance and usage in HEIs. The UTAUT model theory was…

  5. The Impact of Social Media and Crowdsourcing on Organizational Innovation Culture

    Scupola, Ada; Nicolajsen, Hanne Westh

    innovation culture using theory on organizational culture and crowdsourcing. The analysis shows that the organizational crowdsourcing event has supported an innovation culture change in the case company towards a more open approach to innovation; creating a new and different awareness of innovation, allowing......In this article we investigate how social media-based crowdsourcing systems can be used to reengineer the innovation culture in an organization. Based on a case study of a large engineering consultancy’s use of a social media crowdsourcing system we investigate the impact on the organizations...

  6. Impact of Magnet Culture in Maintaining Quality Outcomes During Periods of Organizational Transition.

    Gonzalez, Judith F Zedreck; Wolf, Gail; Dudjak, Linda; Jordan, Bernadette

    2015-01-01

    Organizational transition presents substantial risk to maintaining quality outcomes. The leadership style and culture present during periods of change and transition empower the frontline staff to react quickly and identify opportunities. The culture of Magnet develops the skill set that enables staff to be leaders in problem solving and identifying creative care delivery approaches. Objectives of this study were to analyze the impact of organizational transition on patient and staff satisfaction, quality, and safety in a Magnet-designated hospital and determine key factors contributing to these outcomes. PMID:25768059

  7. The Impact of Organizational Knowledge Integrators on Cooperative R&D Projects

    Bulathsinhala, Nadika

    2014-01-01

    This paper addresses the fact that R&D projects that incorporate external knowledge sources not only depend on the number of sources, but also on integrating the right source. An organizational knowledge integrator has a natural interest due to its position in the value chain and the technology...... phase to pull the knowledge from earlier phases of development closer towards commercialization. The aim of the paper is to examine if organizational knowledge integrators in R&D projects have a positive impact on innovative performance compared to projects that do not involve a knowledge integrator...

  8. Organizational impact of workaholism: suggestions for researching the negative outcomes of excessive work.

    Porter, G

    1996-01-01

    Excessive work can be viewed as an addictive behavior, and, as such, it will have a negative impact on the setting in which it occurs, as well as on the individual. This change in perspective is needed to address dysfunctional behavior patterns that interfere with organizational operations. Similarities with other addictions include identity issues, rigid thinking, withdrawal, progressive involvement, and denial. These factors influence decision making and goals of the workaholic. They also interfere with effectiveness by distorting interpersonal relations. Suggestions for further research build on established organizational topics that coincide with characteristics of an addictive pattern. PMID:9547036

  9. Employee commitment in MNCs: impacts of organizational culture, HRM and top management orientations

    Taylor, Sully; Levy, Orly; Beechler, Schon; Boyacıgiller, Nakiye Avdan; Boyacigiller, Nakiye Avdan

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of organizational culture and HRM system on employee commitment of core employees in multinational companies (MNCs). In addition, it identifies two top management team orientations global orientation and geocentric orientation that are seen as contributing uniquely to employee commitment in international firms. We found strong overall support for the model. The results also suggest that High Performance Work Practices have a positive impact on commitment r...

  10. The Impact of Organizational Culture and Job Related Affective Well Being on Employees’ Conflict Resolution Styles

    Nurdan Özarallı

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the impact of cooperative or competitive organizational culture and employees’ job related affective well being on their preferred conflict resolution styles. A total of 236 white collar employees in the private sector completed questionnaires on “Organizational Culture“, “Job Related Affective Well Being“and “Conflict Resolution Styles“. Results indicated that employees working in a cooperative organizational culture would choose problem solving, compromising and accomodating conflict resolution styles while those working in a competitive work environment would choose forcing and avoiding strategies. Results also showed that while positive job related affective well being is a major predictor o problem solving, compromising, accomodating and avoiding conflict resolution styles, negative job related affective well being significantly predicts forcing and avoiding strategies. Overall, the results draw attention to the preferred conflict resolution strategies assumed by Turkish employees, the role of the conflict environment as well as actors’ affective well being

  11. The Impact of the Quality of Work Life With Organizational Citizenship Behavior In PT. Pelabuhan Indonesia I Belawan

    Harahap, Jelita Kurnia Ningsih

    2014-01-01

    The satisfied employee with their work life tends to improve the organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). OCB is one of the important factors that influence the organizational productivity. The aimed of this study is to determine the impact of quality of work life toward organizational citizenship behavior. Questionnaires were administered to 125 respondents were collected from PT. Pelabuhan I, Belawan branch with incidental sampling technique. Measurement used a OCB scale based on the theo...

  12. The Impact of Organizational Justice on Employee's Job Satisfaction: The Malaysian Companies Perspectives

    Choong K. Fatt

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: This research study analyzed the impact of organizational justice as encompassed by two components, namely distributive justice and procedural justice on employee’s job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intention. This study revealed a positive and significant relationship showing that the foundation of an employee’s job satisfaction and organizational commitment is within the application of both distributive and procedural justice, and this supports a significant negative relationship to turnover intention. Approach: This study included the design and distribution of a self-administered questionnaire to 300 Malaysian employees working for small and middle size companies in the Malaysia, Klang Valley. The sample consisted of managerial and non-managerial employees who volunteered to participate in this study. The results supported the hypothesis that distributive and procedural justice has significant relationship with employee’s job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention. Result: This finding implied that the higher the level of employee’s perception towards fairness to the means used to determine outcomes (procedural justice and fairness of the outcomes employees receive (distributive justice tended to increase the level of employees’ job satisfaction, organizational commitment while reduces turnover intention. Therefore, organizations that take a proactive approach to understand employee’s perceptions of distributive and procedural justice, and provide appropriate working environment can potentially reap benefits including cost associated to employee retentions. Conclusion: The findings in this study would help managers and business organization in Malaysia to formulate strategies that involved work factors such as distributive and procedural justice to improve the management of human resource development. These strategies would help in influencing positive behaviors among

  13. Exploring the impact of mentoring functions on job satisfaction and organizational commitment of new staff nurses

    Weng Rhay-Hung

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although previous studies proved that the implementation of mentoring program is beneficial for enhancing the nursing skills and attitudes, few researchers devoted to exploring the impact of mentoring functions on job satisfaction and organizational commitment of new nurses. In this research we aimed at examining the effects of mentoring functions on the job satisfaction and organizational commitment of new nurses in Taiwan's hospitals. Methods We employed self-administered questionnaires to collect research data and select new nurses from three regional hospitals as samples in Taiwan. In all, 306 nurse samples were obtained. We adopted a multiple regression analysis to test the impact of the mentoring functions. Results Results revealed that career development and role modeling functions have positive effects on the job satisfaction and organizational commitment of new nurses; however, the psychosocial support function was incapable of providing adequate explanation for these work outcomes. Conclusion It is suggested in this study that nurse managers should improve the career development and role modeling functions of mentoring in order to enhance the job satisfaction and organizational commitment of new nurses.

  14. Acceptance and Motivational Impact of the Organic Certification System

    Schulze, Holger; Jahn, G; Spiller, Achim

    2007-01-01

    In recent years the institutional framework of the organic certification system has step by step become a more formal and state run system. Our research shows that al-though the majority of the farmers accept the system, they are not convinced of its cost-benefit relationship. Farmers prefer a more association- and advice-oriented control of the organic certification process.

  15. The Impact of Organizational Justice on Career Satisfaction of Employees in the Public Sector of South Korea

    Oh, Jeong Rok

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between organizational justice and career satisfaction of employees in the public sector of South Korea. Specifically, this study aimed to investigate the impact of three different dimensions (distributive, procedural, and interactional justice) of organizational justice on career…

  16. The Impact of Educational Interventions on Organizational Culture at an Urban Federal Agency. Ph.D. Thesis - Old Dominion Univ.

    Mckenzie, Janet Myrick

    1994-01-01

    This study on the impact of educational interventions on organizational culture is an evaluation of a major educational initiative undertaken by an urban federal agency, namely the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Langley Research Center (NASA-LaRC). The design of this educational evaluation captures the essence of NASA-LaRC's efforts to continue its distinguished and international stature in the aeronautical research community following the Challenger tragedy. More specifically, this study is an evaluation of the educational initiative designed to ameliorate organizational culture via educational interventions, with emphasis on communications, rewards and recognition, and career development. After completing a review of the related literature, chronicling the educational initiative, interviewing senior managers and employees, and critically examining thousands of free responses on employee perceptions of organizational culture, it is found that previous definitions of organizational culture are more accurately classified as manifestations of organizational culture. This research has endeared to redefine 'organizational culture' by offering a more accurate and diagnostic perspective.

  17. The Impact of Management and Organizational Culture on Creativity in the Hotel Industry

    Olimpia State

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In today`s business environment, characterized by instability and unpredictability, organizations` success depends on their ability to adapt and manage the changes required. Therefore, in order to achieve long-term corporate success, companies need to have a culture that encourages creativity and innovation. The aim of the article is to investigate the link between corporate culture and creativity and the impact of the management form on organizational culture. The research highlights the Romanian hotel industry culture, using Hofstede`s model. Considering their impact on innovation, there were taken into consideration three factors: individualism, power distance and long term orientation. The article investigates how these factors are influenced by the hotel`s exploitation form and their impact on organizational creativity. The research was conducted on two hotels in Bucharest, affiliated to an international hotel chain. In order to identify the impact of the exploitation form on the hotel`s organizational culture, one of the accommodation units is operated under a management contract, while the other operates under a franchise agreement. The study is based on a survey conducted among the employees of the two hotels. Results indicate differences regarding the corporate culture between the hotel operated under a management contract and the unit operated under a franchise agreement. Recommendations on how to foster employees` creativity are suggested. The implications of the findings are discussed, considering the limitations and future research directions.

  18. Organizational Relationship Termination Competence

    Ritter, Thomas; Geersbro, Jens

    2011-01-01

    organizational termination in order to improve our understanding of the management of termination. The impact of these termination dimensions on the percentage of unwanted customers is developed and tested using PLS on data gathered from a cross-sectional survey of more than 800 sales representatives. We find...... relationship termination are found to significantly affect a firm's relationship termination competence. The findings suggest that managers should regard termination as a legitimate option in customer relationship management. In order to decrease the number of unwanted customers, managers must accept......Most firms are involved in a number of customer relationships that drain the firm's resources. However, many firms are hesitant to address this problem. This paper investigates customer relationship termination at the organizational level. We develop and analyze the organizational dimensions of...

  19. THE IMPACT OF BUSINESS PROCESS MANAGEMENT ON ORGANIZATIONAL STRATEGY

    Vlad BALANESCU; Paul SOARE; BELICIU Vlad; Cristina ALPOPI

    2013-01-01

    In this paper I attempted to establish a link between business process management and strategic management. After the introduction, in the second chapter I made a short presentation of business process and business process management, what the concept entails and prospects. The third chapter contains a definition of strategic management and some key issues of this concept that are pertinent in relation to business process management. Finally, the fourth chapter focuses of the impact that busi...

  20. The impact of employee communication and perceived external prestige on organizational identification

    Smidts, Ale; Riel, Cees; Pruyn, A.Th.H.

    2000-01-01

    textabstractEmployees' Organizational Identification (OI) is measured in a customer service organization. Particularly the effects of employee communication and perceived external prestige (PEP) on OI were evaluated. Results show that employee communication affects OI more strongly than PEP. One aspect of employee communication, the communication climate, appears to play a central role: it mediates the impact on OI of the content of employee communication. These results suggest that the impor...

  1. Impact of Human Resource Practices on the Organizational Performance in Nestle Pakistan

    Asma Tayyaba; Mohammad Fiaz; Muhammad Shoaib

    2015-01-01

    This study analyses the contribution effect of HRM (Human Resource Management) practices such as T&D (Training and Development), R&S (Recruitment and Selection), PA (Performance Appraisal System), CPD (Career Planning and Development), CMP (Compensation) and EP (Employee Participation) on the employee performance in Nestle Pakistan. It also elaborates the impact of employee performance on the OP (Organizational Performance). The results conclude the significantly positive relationship of the ...

  2. The impact of employee communication and perceived external prestige on organizational identification

    2000-01-01

    Employees' Organizational Identification (OI) is measured in a customer service organization. Particularly the effects of employee communication and perceived external prestige (PEP) on OI were evaluated. Results show that employee communication affects OI more strongly than PEP. One aspect of employee communication, the communication climate, appears to play a central role: it mediates the impact on OI of the content of employee communication. These results suggest that the importance of how...

  3. Quality approaches and practices and their impact on companies’ organizational performance

    Barros, Síria Alves; Sampaio, Paulo; Saraiva, Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this research is to develop and propose a conceptual framework that reflects the relationship between the implementation of quality management practices (QMPs) and their impact on the organizational performance of the Portuguese organizations. Design/Methodology/Approach: Based on the literature review carried out, we have identified the most common and used quality management practices. In the next phase we conducted semi-structured interviews with the Port...

  4. Business Strategy and Leadership Style: Impact on Organizational Performance in the Manufacturing Sector of Ghana

    John Parker Yanney

    2014-01-01

    This study sought to investigate the impact of leadership styles and business strategy on the organizational performance of small medium scale enterprises (SMEs) in the manufacturing sector of Ghana. This had become necessary due to the fact that available literature on the subject matter lacked precision in terms of the specific leadership style and strategy which could better be employed to improve performance in the chosen area of study. A field survey (by means of questionnaires) was cond...

  5. The impact of work support and organizational career growth on nurse turnover intention in China

    Yang Yang; Yan-Hui Liu; Jing-Ying Liu; Hong-Fu Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The paper aimed to explore the impact of work support and potential for career advancement on the nurse turnover intention in order to find an effective approach to curb high turnover. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 526 nurses from eight teaching hospitals in Tianjin, China, was conducted to test the hypothesized multilevel model. The organizational career growth scale, work support scale, and the nurse turnover intention scale were used to measure the effect of organizati...

  6. Impact of Organizational Culture on Knowledge Management Process in Construction

    Katun M. Idris

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available One of the key global pressures of knowledge management practice is knowledge acquisition, creation, sharing,storing and dissemination. The global business is reflecting a throng of culture, leadership and culturalupbringings which warrant bringing into line consistent alterations in management of knowledge because ofdiversity of workforce in construction organization. Theoretically, the study predicts the empirical role of culture(managerial learning and trust with reference to knowledge management process. This paper presents aknowledge management (KM model that comprises a set of KM hypothesis model and measurement models forunderstanding and applying these KM models to boost the application of KM in the construction organization.76 private construction organization was investigated with 323 questionnaire surveys. A hypothesized model ofKM process and culture was tested using structural equation modelling approach and a proposed model wastherefore developed. Likewise, all fit indices for KM process and factor loadings shows the significant impact ofculture on KM process, leading to a thrifty model achievement. The study shows that culture demonstrated 0.73significant influence on the knowledge management process. The analysis revealed that managerial learning andtrust were key factors that impact positively on KM process within the construction organization underinvestigation.

  7. The impact of information technology on organizational design: Example in health organization

    Petković Mirjana

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to explore the impact of information technology (IT on organization including all elements that are integral part of organizational design through Star Model (Kates and Galbraith, 2007, and to show that IT has become an important strategic resource that provides a concentration of all relevant information for quality decision-making and integration of complex organization with the concept of “Big Data” (Manyika et al, 2011. In order to achieve the aim, research was performed in organization in the health sector which affects the quality of life and standard of living. TheIT impact on organizational design and through him on organizational effectiveness in the health care is visible and provide insight into the implications of information technology and opportunities for reasoning about matters that are the subject of research: whether and how information technology causes changes in the design of the organization; whether it affects all elements of design equally; on which elements has the most intense impact and why; whether and why employees and users of health services exhibit resistance to information technology; under what conditions can be reduced or completely eliminated the resistance of employees and users of health services?

  8. Exploring the organizational impact of software-as-a-Service on software vendors the role of organizational integration in software-as-a-Service development and operation

    Stuckenberg, Sebastian

    2014-01-01

    Software-as-a-Service has gained momentum as a software delivery and pricing model within the software industry. Existing practices of software vendors are challenged by a potential paradigm shift. This book analyzes the implications of Software-as-a-Service on software vendors using a business model and value chain perspective. The analysis of qualitative data from software vendors highlights the role of organizational integration within software vendors. By providing insights regarding the impact of Software-as-a-Service on organizational structures and processes of software vendors, this st

  9. Analyzing the impact of HRM Systems on the organizational climate, culture and outcomes: The mediating role of HMR Strength, organizational climate and culture

    Henriques, Paulo Lencastre Torres Gonçalves

    2014-01-01

    A Work Project, presented as part of the requirements for the Award of a Masters Degree in Management from the NOVA – School of Business and Economics It is the propose of this study to (1) analyze the impact of the Human Resource Management (HRM) content (i.e. practices) in the organizational climate, culture, and performance; (2) assess the influence of the HRM process (i.e. HRM Strength) as a mediator in the link between HRM content and the organizational climate, culture, and performan...

  10. The impact of innovation strategy on organizational learning and innovation performance: do firm size and ownership type make a difference?

    Beyene, K. T.; Shi, C S; Wu, W. W.

    2016-01-01

    Though innovation strategy and organizational learning have been credited to impact on product innovation performance, they have been rarely considered in a single model simultaneously. Thus, the main aim of the paper is to investigate the extent of impact of innovation strategy on organizational learning and product innovation performance. A structural equation modelling analysis was performed on the survey data collected from Ethiopian textile and leather product manufacturing firms. The re...

  11. The Impact of Organizational Climate on Employees' affective Organizational Commitment%组织氛围对员工情感性归属感的影响

    林美珍

    2011-01-01

    文章基于对福建省21个饭店进行的实证研究,检验各类组织氛围(部门的支持型领导氛围、凝聚力和心理受权氛围)对员工情感性归属感的影响。多层次线性模型分析结果表明,部门的支持型领导氛围会通过部门的凝聚力间接影响员工的情感性归属感,并会调节员工的角色模糊对他们的情感性归属感的影响。此外,部门的心理受权氛围会调节员工的心理受权对他们的情感性归属感的影响。%The Author did an empirical study in 21 hotels to investigate the impact of organizational climate on employees' affective organizational commitment.The results of HLM analysis indicate that department supportive leadership climate has indirect effect on employees' affective organizational commitment through department cohesion,and moderates the relationship between employees' role ambiguity and their affective organizational commitment.Department psychological empowerment climate moderates the relationship between employee's individual psychological empowerment and their affective organizational commitment.

  12. Measuring the impact of HRM on organizational performance

    Anastasia A. Katou

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES ZH-CN X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:ES-TRAD; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;} The purpose of this paper is to measure the impact of HRM on organisational performance in the context of Greece. Data were collected from 178 organisations using a questionnaire survey in the Greek manufacturing sector, and analysed using the ‘structural equation modelling’ methodology. The results indicated that the relationship between HRM policies (resourcing and development, compensation and incentives, involvement and job design and organisational performance is partially mediated through HRM outcomes (skills, attitudes, behaviour, and it is influenced by business strategies (cost, quality, innovation. Thus, the contribution of this study for academics and practitioners is that HRM policies associated with business strategies will affect organisational performance through HRM outcomes.

  13. IMPACT OF SUPPORTIVE LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATIONAL LEARNING CULTURE AS A MODERATOR ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF PSYCHOLOGICAL EMPOWERMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT

    Syed Abir Hassan Naqvi; Dr.Muhammad Aamir Hashmi; Dr.Shaoukat Ali Raza; Dr.Ashi Zeeshan; Faiz.M.Shaikh

    2011-01-01

    Due to forces of globalization organization are going to multinational. Severity of competition is forcing organizations to psychological empower their employees for maximum performance. In the presence of organizational learning culture and supportive leadership psychological empowerment of employee will lead to organizational commitment. This paper attempt to analyze the relationship among these variables in the context of existing literature. Present days managers face the challenges of m...

  14. The impact of consumer acceptance on trade in irradiated food

    Most consumer organisations are opposed to the introduction of irradiated food. The National Consumer Council, however, having accepted the conclusions of the UK expert committee that the process is safe when correctly applied, is neither for nor against, but is firmly of the opinion that consumers should have the right to choose between irradiated and non-irradiated food. It follows that all irradiated food must be labelled and effective enforcement of labelling claims must be exercised by a reliable range of detection tests. Consumers already have great difficulty in deciding on the pros and cons of food irradiation, and do not know who to believe among the many sources of information - governments, scientists, retailers, the media, and so on. Efforts to inform consumers about food irradiation are not enough; there is a need for more research into consumer attitudes and how these are formed. (author). 2 tabs

  15. The Impact of Iranian Teachers Cultural Values on Computer Technology Acceptance

    Sadeghi, Karim; Saribagloo, Javad Amani; Aghdam, Samad Hanifepour; Mahmoudi, Hojjat

    2014-01-01

    This study was conducted with the aim of testing the technology acceptance model and the impact of Hofstede cultural values (masculinity/femininity, uncertainty avoidance, individualism/collectivism, and power distance) on computer technology acceptance among teachers at Urmia city (Iran) using the structural equation modeling approach. From among…

  16. Multiple organizational identification levels and the impact of perceived external prestige and communication climate

    Bartels, J.; Pruyn, A.T.H.; Jong, de M.D.T.; Joustra, I.

    2007-01-01

    Earlier studies have shown that perceived external prestige and communication climate influence organizational identification. In this paper we present the results of a study of the influence of communication climate and perceived external prestige on organizational identification at various organiz

  17. The Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility Perception on The Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment

    Mehmet Arcan TUZCU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Corporate social responsibility activities influence the stakeholders in the first place, hence the employees, one of the vital stakeholders of the organizations. Social responsibility activities can have a direct effect on the job satisfaction and organizational commitment of employees. This paper investigates the employees’ perception on corporate social responsibility, and examines the effect of this perception on organizational commitment and job satisfaction. Hence, the individual factors that have an impact on this perception, namely gender, age, education level, the hierarchical position in the organization, the working time and the participation to the company’s social responsibility projects, are considered. The data collection is through a survey conducted among the employees of Turkish Petroleum Refineries Corporation (TUPRAS, the third most profitable and the largest private firm quoted to the Borsa Istanbul. From the findings obtained through chi square, t-test and ANOVA, one can observe an insignificant relation between organizational commitment and job satisfaction, and perceptions of corporate social responsibilities.

  18. Teleconsultation service to improve healthcare in rural areas: acceptance, organizational impact and appropriateness

    Borghi Gabriella; Bernocchi Palmira; Scalvini Simonetta; Zanaboni Paolo; Tridico Caterina; Masella Cristina

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Nowadays, new organisational strategies should be indentified to improve primary care and its link with secondary care in terms of efficacy and timeliness of interventions thus preventing unnecessary hospital accesses and costs saving for the health system. The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of the use of teleconsultation by general practitioners in rural areas. Methods General practitioners were provided with a teleconsultation service from 2006 to 2008 to...

  19. Impacts of Mixing on Acceptable Indoor Air Quality in Homes

    Sherman, Max H.; Walker, Iain I.

    2010-01-01

    Ventilation reduces occupant exposure to indoor contaminants by diluting or removing them. In a multi-zone environment such as a house, every zone will have different dilution rates and contaminant source strengths. The total ventilation rate is the most important factor in determining occupant exposure to given contaminant sources, but the zone-specific distribution of exhaust and supply air and the mixing of ventilation air can play significant roles. Different types of ventilation systems will provide different amounts of mixing depending on several factors such as air leakage, air distribution system, and contaminant source and occupant locations. Most U.S. and Canadian homes have central heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems, which tend to mix the air; thus, the indoor air in different zones tends to be well mixed for significant fractions of the year. This article reports recent results of investigations to determine the impact of air mixing on exposures of residential occupants to prototypical contaminants of concern. We summarize existing literature and extend past analyses to determine the parameters than affect air mixing as well as the impacts of mixing on occupant exposure, and to draw conclusions that are relevant for standards development and for practitioners designing and installing home ventilation systems. The primary conclusion is that mixing will not substantially affect the mean indoor air quality across a broad population of occupants, homes, and ventilation systems, but it can reduce the number of occupants who are exposed to extreme pollutant levels. If the policy objective is to minimize the number of people exposed above a given pollutant threshold, some amount of mixing will be of net benefit even though it does not benefit average exposure. If the policy is to minimize exposure on average, then mixing air in homes is detrimental and should not be encouraged. We also conclude that most homes in the US have adequate mixing

  20. The Impact of Knowledge Management Practices on NPP Organizational Performance - Results of a Global Survey

    The IAEA has been asked by Member States in the 2012 General Conference Resolutions to ''further increase the level of awareness of efforts in managing nuclear knowledge'' and to continue ''to further develop and disseminate guidance and methodologies for planning, designing, and implementing nuclear knowledge management programs''. The present report summarizes the results of empirical research on the relationship between KM practices in nuclear power plants, their impact on the quality of organizational knowledge processes and the resulting effects on the organizational effectiveness of nuclear power plants. It presents the basic findings of the ''IAEA Global Nuclear Power Plant Survey: Investigating the Link Between Knowledge Management Practices and Organizational Performance'', which was conducted in 2010. This benchmark survey of KM practices in nuclear power plants was developed using a standard research methodology. The survey was made available on a global basis to all nuclear power plant sites. Senior operations managers were asked to complete the survey with input, as required, from their plant management team. Data from individual survey responses were treated as confidential, and only aggregate findings were reported. A total of 124 station ''site organizations'' participated in the survey, representing a response rate of approximately 60%. The findings provide empirical evidence of the importance of KM practices in improving the organizational effectiveness of nuclear power plants. They provide information about the current state of the industry with respect to KM practices, illustrating the direct and tangible benefits of implementing such practices and justifying continued or further efforts to ensure that KM programmes and systems are strategically planned and implemented in operating nuclear power plants. The research provides insights into the mechanisms by which KM practices have an impact on organizational effectiveness and provides a basis for

  1. The impact of organizational intelligence and its components on the competitive advantage of all the branches of Khuzestan Sina bank

    SALEH CHE, Mina; RAHIMI, Farajolah; AMIRNEJAD, Ghanbar

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. The present study aims to investigate the impact of organizational intelligence on the acquisition of enterprise competitive advantage in Sina bank branches in Khozestan state .The statistical population of this Survey consist of 220 managers, deputies and senior member of Sina Bank, using tables and Morgan krejcie and a simple random sample of 140 employees.  The Tools include organizational intelligence assessment questionnaire (Karl Albrecht) competitive advantage questionnaires ...

  2. IMPACT OF TALENT MANAGEMENT ON PERCEIVED ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS: SERVICE INDUSTRY IN LAHORE, PAKISTAN

    Bayyurt, Nizamettin; Rizvi, Salman

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to find out the impact of 5 dimensions of Talent Management on perceived Organizational Effectiveness. For this study, different subsectors of service industry inLahore,Pakistanwere surveyed. For the last couple of decades, service industry has developed to a stage, where it is in a position to define the country’s economy. It has totally shaped up the ways of businesses and the survival lies in gaining competitive edge. Researchers believe that talent is the key ...

  3. The Relationship between Organizational Structure and Organizational Justice

    Amir Babak Marjani

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Organizational justice in this rapidly-developing work-life may become an increasingly important issue to both managers and employees. This article aims to study the effective organizational justice model for Iranian public organizations. It initially identifies antecedents and consequences of organizational justice. Then, it examines the effect of organizational justice on organizational commitment, trust, OCB, turnover, and job satisfaction as well as the impact of organizational structure on organizational justice.

  4. IMPACT OF SUPPORTIVE LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATIONAL LEARNING CULTURE AS A MODERATOR ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF PSYCHOLOGICAL EMPOWERMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT

    Syed Abir Hassan Naqvi

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Due to forces of globalization organization are going to multinational. Severity of competition is forcing organizations to psychological empower their employees for maximum performance. In the presence of organizational learning culture and supportive leadership psychological empowerment of employee will lead to organizational commitment. This paper attempt to analyze the relationship among these variables in the context of existing literature. Present days managers face the challenges of motivating employees. Psychological empowerment is the one of the best tool to provide them felling of autonomy and self drive this conceptual development is presented here with the hope that future researchers will analysis these relationships more deeply for the performance optimization of the organization.

  5. The impact of innovation strategy on organizational learning and innovation performance: do firm size and ownership type make a difference?

    Beyene, K. T.

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Though innovation strategy and organizational learning have been credited to impact on product innovation performance, they have been rarely considered in a single model simultaneously. Thus, the main aim of the paper is to investigate the extent of impact of innovation strategy on organizational learning and product innovation performance. A structural equation modelling analysis was performed on the survey data collected from Ethiopian textile and leather product manufacturing firms. The result reveals that innovation strategy is positively related to product innovation performance. Further, firm size and ownership type moderate the effect of innovation strategy on product innovation performance.

  6. A Study of the Impact of Perceived Organizational Justice on Employee\\\\\\'s Social Capital (Case Study: Health Network of Noshahr City)

    Ali Nasr Esfahani; Javad Shabani Naftchali; Javad Khazaei Pool

    2013-01-01

    Introduction In recent years, increasing attention to the issue of organizational justice and its impacts on organizational outcome has urged organizations to strive for organizational justice in order to survive and reach their objectives. Perceiving injustice has a destructive impact on teamwork spirit and motivation of employees. Injustice and unfair distribution of organization's outputs and achievements demoralize employees and diminish their motivation to be active and assiduous. Bes...

  7. Participatory Appraisal as a Method for Evaluating the impact Organisational Culture has on Software Acceptance

    Rogage, Kay

    2012-01-01

    Industry standards and techniques exist to evaluate whether software meets requirements, performance and usability expectations. These techniques do not account for the impact user perception has on the acceptance of software. In particular, a method is lacking for assessing the impact organisational culture has, on the perception users have of software suitability to perform a task. An appraisal of software simulation designed to run an exercise to test an emergency response plan is being co...

  8. THE IMPACT OF WORKFORCE DIVERSITY ON ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS: A STUDY OF A NIGERIAN BANK

    OMANKHANLEN ALEX EHIMARE

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available It is generally recognized that there is diversity in the workforce of any enterprise, be it business, government, or civil society. This study therefore seeks to find out the impact of workforce diversity on organizational effectiveness using a Nigerian bank for the study. We used the Blau’s1977 index of heterogeneity to measure the diversity index. While asset growth for the year 2008 and 2009, using 2007 and 2008 as base year was used to measure the growth strategy. To determine group diversity and performance outcomes moderated by workgroup context, a series of hierarchical regression analysis were conducted. The study finds significant correlation between some of the diversity variables as well as individual diversity variables with the measures of organizational effectiveness. Also it reveals that gender and ethnicity are negatively related to both employee productivity and performance bonus. In addition the study find that gender, age and tenure diversities are positively correlated and are significantly related. It is recommended that company executives use good strategies to effectively manage workforce diversity and collaborative research efforts should be done to ascertain the contextual variables that moderate workforce diversity to produce positive performance outcomes.

  9. Who are we and why does it matter? Impact of organizational identity on managerially relevant outcomes

    Meldo, Perttu

    2016-01-01

    Organizational identity has received generous amount of interest amongst researchers of organizational behavior and psychology during the past decade. Yet, the amount of empirical studies demonstrating the influence of identity on other organizational phenomena has been insufficient to attract much interdisciplinary and management interest. Organizational identity defined as internal, that is, employees’ view of the organization, is very subjective in its nature. Thus, comparison of identitie...

  10. Impact of human resource practices on the organizational performance in nestle pakistan

    This study analyses the contribution effect of HRM (Human Resource Management) practices such as T and D (Training and Development), R and S (Recruitment and Selection), PA (Performance Appraisal System), CPD (Career Planning and Development), CMP (Compensation) and EP (Employee Participation) on the employee performance in Nestle Pakistan. It also elaborates the impact of employee performance on the OP (Organizational Performance). The results conclude the significantly positive relationship of the HRM Practices with the OP with a considerable influence on employee performance as a mediator.300 respondents are selected for the analysis from target population of all the professionals, working on 1st and 2nd level management through random sampling. We proposed that the conceptual results of the study are highly significant for the practitioners and researchers for future research. (author)

  11. Burnout among corrections-based drug treatment staff: impact of individual and organizational factors.

    Garner, Bryan R; Knight, Kevin; Simpson, D Dwayne

    2007-10-01

    As a result of limited budgets, many treatment programs are forced to operate for extended periods at or beyond their capacity. The resulting pressure and stress on treatment staff can be taxing and lead to serious problems, including job burnout. Although the concept of burnout within other social service professions has been broadly researched, less attention has been given to burnout among drug abuse treatment staff, especially among corrections-based drug treatment staff. The goal of this article is to extend this area of research by exploring the impact of individual factors and organizational factors on burnout. Findings revealed that although a number of factors were related to staff burnout, younger counselor age, lower adaptability, poorer clarity of agency mission, and higher stress were most significant. Ways in which treatment programs might address these issues affecting staff burnout are discussed. PMID:17615435

  12. Impact of Human Resource Practices on the Organizational Performance in Nestle Pakistan

    Asma Tayyaba

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study analyses the contribution effect of HRM (Human Resource Management practices such as T&D (Training and Development, R&S (Recruitment and Selection, PA (Performance Appraisal System, CPD (Career Planning and Development, CMP (Compensation and EP (Employee Participation on the employee performance in Nestle Pakistan. It also elaborates the impact of employee performance on the OP (Organizational Performance. The results conclude the significantly positive relationship of the HRM Practices with the OP with a considerable influence on employee performance as a mediator.300 respondents are selected for the analysis from target population of all the professionals, working on 1st and 2nd level management through random sampling. We proposed that the conceptual results of the study are highly significant for the practitioners and researchers for future research

  13. The Impact of Leadership Styles on Selection the Areas of Organizational Change (An Empirical Study on the Jordanian Pharmaceutical Companies

    Salah M. Diab

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to test The Impact of Leadership Styles on the Organizational Change Areas (An Empirical Study on the Jordanian Pharmaceutical Companies. Data for this research were collected through a questionnaire from, (240 leaders in all levels of management, from (5 pharmaceutical companies in Jordan, which are; (JPHM, (DADI, (HIKMA, (ACPH, and the (PIC. Grynbach constancy coefficients reached 84.0%, Percentages, Means, standard deviation, and, simple and multiple regressions analysis s were used to test the hypothesized relationships. The results indicate that, The Jordanian pharmaceutical companies (JPCs practiced both types transformational and Transactional leadership, in different proportions. All the organizational change areas in the (JPCs are possible, a strongly positive relationship between styles of leadership (transformational and Transactional combined and the organizational change areas, Inspiration as one of the Transformational leadership elements is the less influential ,in addition to that there’s a variation impact on the organizational change areas for all the leader ship styles elements, transformational leadership does not affect on changes in human resources and job description, On the light of the study results the following recommendations may be submitted, More attention to the transformational leadership style to bring a long-term organizational change, without depends only on the transactional leadership, specially the incentive element, increased the enrichment knowledge of the departments leader through involvement in academic courses Encourage leaders, who have the qualities and skills possessed by transformational leadership style for the assumption Managerial positions in the (JPHs and other recommendations.

  14. The impact of leadership styles on organizational culture in Mapsa company

    Dariush Gholamzadeh

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the effect of leadership styles on organizational culture by testing a hypothesized model. A quantitative survey using questionnaire was conducted among 93 employees from diverse work units of Mapsa Company in October 2012. They filled out multifactor leadership questionnaire and the Denison organizational culture survey. Results of structural equation modeling (SEM showed that Transformational and Transactional leadership styles could positively influence on organizational culture. Laissez-fair leadership has a negative effect on organizational culture. In conclusion, transformational leadership style was recommended to balance all four traits of Denison’s organizational culture.

  15. Transformational Leadership and Organizational Citizenship Behavior in the Arab Educational System in Israel: The Impact of Trust and Job Satisfaction

    Nasra, Muhammed Abu; Heilbrunn, Sibylle

    2016-01-01

    The present study aims to extend and integrate previous research on the mediating effects of trust in supervisor and job satisfaction on the relationship between transformational leadership style and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). Drawing on previous research, we argue that transformational leadership impacts OCB directly and…

  16. The Relationship between Organizational Structure and Organizational Justice

    Amir Babak Marjani; Fateme Tohidy Ardahaey

    2012-01-01

    Organizational justice in this rapidly-developing work-life may become an increasingly important issue to both managers and employees. This article aims to study the effective organizational justice model for Iranian public organizations. It initially identifies antecedents and consequences of organizational justice. Then, it examines the effect of organizational justice on organizational commitment, trust, OCB, turnover, and job satisfaction as well as the impact of organizational structure ...

  17. The IT Impact on the Productivity and the Organizational Performance of Firms in Romania. A model of Empirical Analysis

    Cristina ENACHE

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper propose an analysis based on an empirical model of IT impact on firms performances of Romania. There are presented the model, the equations of the model and the results of statistical processing. All these shown that the ICT impact on firm performance is greater and positive if the information technologies are accompanied by a proactive management policy and an organizational culture.

  18. The Impact of Structural Empowerment on Organizational Citizenship Behavior-Organization and Job Performance: A Mediating Role of Burnout

    Hina Jaffery; Hassan Farooq

    2015-01-01

    The banking sector employees are usually exposed to potential job burnout which impacts their employee performance. This study examined the impact of structural empowerment on organizational citizenship behavior-organization (henceforth, OCBO) and job performance and further examined the mediating effect of job burnout in the relationships of structural empowerment, OCBO and job performance. In this study, data from 282 employees was taken from four banks: both public and private sectors. Two...

  19. Impacts of Implementation of the Effective Maritime Security Management Model (EMSMM) on Organizational Performance of Shipping Companies1

    Elena Sadovaya; Vinh V. Thai

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to examine the impacts of the Effective Maritime Security Management Model (EMSMM) on organizational performance of shipping companies. For this purpose, a survey was administered to collect data from shipping and ship management companies worldwide. The hypotheses in this study were tested using the structural equation modelling (SEM). It was found that the proposed model has direct positive impacts on security, business resilience and customer performance, as well as indirec...

  20. Impact of organizational justice on satisfaction, commitment and turnover intention: Can fair treatment by organizations make a difference in their workers’ attitudes and behaviors?

    Rai, Gauri S.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of organizational justice on specific attitudes and behaviors such as job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention. The data were collected from 511 staff members from ten health and rehabilitation centers in a southern state in the United States. Pearson Correlations and Hierarchical Regression were used to analyze data. The findings revealed that distributive justice influenced job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover ...

  1. Investigating the Impact of Learners Learning Styles on the Acceptance of Open Learner Models for Information Sharing

    Sek, Yong Wee; Deng, Hepu; McKay, Elspeth; Qian, Minghui

    2016-01-01

    Individual differences in learners learning styles can have a significant effect on their acceptance of collaboration technologies to facilitate the sharing of learning information in technology-based collaborative learning. There is, however, a lack of research in exploring the impact of learning styles on the acceptance of open learner models for information sharing in this area. This study investigates the impact of learners learning styles on their acceptance of open learner models for in...

  2. The Impact of Knowledge Management on Organizational Performance: An Empirical Study of Kuwait University

    Mohammad Q. Ahmad Al-Qarioti

    2015-01-01

    Knowledge management (KM) is a process that transforms individual knowledge into organizational institutionalized knowledge. The purpose of this paper is to shed light on KM infrastructure at Kuwait University to see how faculty members evaluate KM influence on organizational performance. Study findings provide insights into the infrastructure and process capabilities needed to provide knowledge support for organizational activities. The study was based on a stratified random sample consists ...

  3. Impact of key organizational factors on knowledge transfer success in multi-national enterprises

    Ekore, John O.

    2014-01-01

    The study, which was designed as a survey, sets to establish the capacity of some organizational components to predict knowledge transfer success in multinational enterprises. It involved a sample size of 125 drawn from employees in the production unit of Cadbury Nigeria Plc and Nestle Foods Plc. Questionnaires that contained scales which measured dimensions of organizational components and knowledge transfer success were used for data collection. It was hypothesized that organizational compo...

  4. Book Review: IMPACT OF GLOBALIZATION ON ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE, BEHAVIOR AND GENDER ROLE

    YUZER, T. Volkan

    2012-01-01

    The "new" in new economy means a more stable and longer growth, with more jobs, lower inflation and interest rates, explosion of free markets worldwide, the unparalleled access to knowledge through the Internet and new type of organization which affects organizational change. Organizational change is the adoption of an organizational environment for the sake of survival. Namely, the old principles no longer work in the age of Globalization. Businesses have reached the old model's limits with ...

  5. The impact of immersion training on complementing organizational goals and accelerating culture change - a field study

    Hayes, S.M.

    1996-02-01

    At Los Alamos National Laboratory, a national defense laboratory with a history of working in seclusion and secrecy, scientists and engineers have received an important new mission to partner with industry. The scientists and engineers need to expand their skill base beyond science and understand the business of innovation to be successful in this new environment. An administrative field experiment of conducting intensive, immersion training about the commercialization process was piloted at Los Alamos in September, 1992. This Field Research Project addresses the following research question: {open_quotes}Does {open_quotes}immersion{close_quotes} commercialization training complement organizational goals and does the method accelerate cultural change?{close_quotes} The field experiment first began as a pilot Commercialization Workshop conducted for twelve scientists in September, 1992. The objective was to create commercialization action plans for promising environmental technologies. The immersion method was compared to the indoctrination method of training also. The indoctrination training was a one-day lecture style session conducted for one hundred and fifty scientists in July, 1993. The impact of the training was measured by perceived attitude change and the amount of subsequent industrial partnerships that followed the training. The key management question addressed on the job was, {open_quotes}With a limited budget, how do we maximize the impact of training and achieve the best results?{close_quotes}

  6. Impacts of Implementation of the Effective Maritime Security Management Model (EMSMM on Organizational Performance of Shipping Companies1

    Elena Sadovaya

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to examine the impacts of the Effective Maritime Security Management Model (EMSMM on organizational performance of shipping companies. For this purpose, a survey was administered to collect data from shipping and ship management companies worldwide. The hypotheses in this study were tested using the structural equation modelling (SEM. It was found that the proposed model has direct positive impacts on security, business resilience and customer performance, as well as indirect positive relationship with security-related, and time market performance. Besides, the categorization of organizational performance of shipping companies, proposed and empirically validated in this study, can be used by the companies to measure the impacts of security management.

  7. Exploring Organizational Downsizing of Taiwanese Armed Forces upon Psychological Impacts of their Retained Personnel

    Ching Yaw Chen

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine that, after Taiwan implemented a military downsizing program, whether the job stress perceived by retained personnel has a statistically significant influence on their organizational commitment. Recommendations are proposed according to the research findings as advice for high-level managers who make policies amid organizational changes. A quantitative approach was adopted for this study, with questionnaire given out to those selected by convenience sampling within the national defense system, namely cadet officers/corporals at military academies and contract personnel of commands/military bases nationwide. Findings from this research indicate that, except job-transfer experiences, only a part of the demographic qualities significantly affect the retained personnel’s job stress and organizational commitment. After scrutinizing “retained personnel’s perceived job tress”, “the relation between job stress and organizational commitment” and “the influence of job stress on organizational downsizing and organizational commitment”, the author of this study discovered the mediating effect of job stress on the relation between organizational downsizing and organizational commitment.

  8. Impact of Business Intelligence and IT Infrastructure Flexibility on Competitive Advantage: An Organizational Agility Perspective

    Chen, Xiaofeng

    2012-01-01

    There is growing use of business intelligence (BI) for better management decisions in industry. However, empirical studies on BI are still scarce in academic research. This research investigates BI from an organizational agility perspective. Organizational agility is the ability to sense and respond to market opportunities and threats with speed,…

  9. Multiple organizational identification levels and the impact of perceived external prestige and communication climate

    Bartels, Jos; Pruyn, Ad; Jong, de Menno; Joustra, Inge

    2007-01-01

    sEarlier studies have shown that perceived external prestige and communication climate influence organizational identification. In this paper we present the results of a study of the influence of communication climate and perceived external prestige on organizational identification at various organi

  10. Putting employees in their place : The impact of hot-desking on organizational and team identification.

    Millward, L.J; Haslam, S.A.; Postmes, T.

    2007-01-01

    A study of employees in the finance industry tested the propositions (a) that work team identity is more salient than organizational identity when desks are assigned, whereas organizational identity is more salient when they are not; and (b) that this is partly because physical arrangements have a s

  11. The Impact of Organizational Justice on Climate and Trust in High Schools

    DiPaola, Michael; Guy, Stephanie

    2009-01-01

    In the private sector, organizational justice has consistently demonstrated a strong correlation with trust in management, employee commitment, and performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether organizational justice has a similar relationship with social processes in the educational arena. This study examined the relationship…

  12. Managing uncertainty in crisis : exploring the impact of institutionalization on organizational sensemaking

    Lu, X.

    2014-01-01

    This book studies the variety of organizational strategy selection when coping with critical uncertainties during a crisis. In dealing with uncertainties, some organizations rely on organizational routines developed over time, while some others analyze uncertainty in an ad hoc way to provide a worka

  13. The Impact of Knowledge Management on Organizational Performance: An Empirical Study of Kuwait University

    Mohammad Q. Ahmad Al-Qarioti

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge management (KM is a process that transforms individual knowledge into organizational institutionalized knowledge. The purpose of this paper is to shed light on KM infrastructure at Kuwait University to see how faculty members evaluate KM influence on organizational performance. Study findings provide insights into the infrastructure and process capabilities needed to provide knowledge support for organizational activities. The study was based on a stratified random sample consists of (355 faculty members from various colleges at Kuwait university. Study results show that faculty members evaluate knowledge management as “very good” with a (3.52 mean score at Likert five point scale, which indicates that Knowledge management components are highly related to organizational performance. Implications, imitations of the study, and recommendations regarding appropriate investments in knowledge management to enhance organizational performance are discussed.

  14. The Impact of Leadership Styles on Selection the Areas of Organizational Change (An Empirical Study on the Jordanian Pharmaceutical Companies)

    Diab, Salah M.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to test The Impact of Leadership Styles on the Organizational Change Areas (An Empirical Study on the Jordanian Pharmaceutical Companies). Data for this research were collected through a questionnaire from, (240) leaders in all levels of management, from (5) pharmaceutical companies in Jordan, which are; (JPHM), (DADI), (HIKMA), (ACPH), and the (PIC). Grynbach constancy coefficients reached 84.0%, Percentages, Means, standard deviation, and, simple and multiple re...

  15. THE IMPACT OF MEDICAL TOURISM ON THE QUALITY OF ORGANIZATIONAL AND FUNCTIONAL CHANGES IN THE POLISH HEALTHCARE SYSTEM

    Marcin Olkiewicz

    2016-01-01

    The role of Medical Tourism in the process of a complex satisfaction of the prosumers and the impact played in the organizational and functional changes in the Polish healthcare system. The analysis of the literature on the subject as well as an analysis of the documentation were the inspiration to write this work. The main emphasis was put on stating the conditions stimulating the development of this sector of the economy as well as the risk factors determining the quality of pro...

  16. Impact of the maturity of alignment between orientation strategic and dynamic capabilities on the internet organizational performance

    Safaa, Larbi

    2012-01-01

    Differences of opinion researchers on the impact of IT on organizational performance and the lack of research on the use of the Internet from a strategic perspective in the hospitality industry seeking the further research, especially in a country like Morocco, where tourism is one of the main engines of the economy and social peace. Given its important informational component due to its characteristics of intangibility, inseparability, heterogeneity and perishability, tourism is one of the s...

  17. The impact of creative organizational climate on the innovation activity of medical devices manufacturing firms in Hungary

    Pörzse, Gábor; Takács, Sándor; Csedő, Zoltán; Berta, Zoltán; Sára, Zoltán; Fejes, József

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to empirically investigate the impact of creative organizational climate on the innovation activity of medical devices manufacturing firms in Hungary. We applied a combined qualitative and quantitative research model, focusing on two firm’s case studies that are active in the above mentioned sector and differ to a substantial degree in their innovation activities. The connection between innovative climate and innovation was analyzed by comparing their ...

  18. 组织免疫行为对组织绩效影响机制的实证研究%An Empirical Study on the Impact of Organizational Immunological Behavior on Organizational Performance

    吕萍

    2011-01-01

    借鉴生物免疫学新视角,探讨了组织免疫行为的理论维度及其对组织绩效的影响,构建了"组织免疫行为—组织免疫绩效—组织绩效"作用机制模型,并基于233家企业的问卷调查数据,采用路径分析方法进行了验证。研究结果显示,除组织文化要素外,组织非特异性免疫和特异性免疫均对组织绩效具有正向影响。组织免疫绩效对组织绩效具有正向影响,它在组织结构、制度规则和组织记忆对组织绩效的影响中起到完全中介作用,在组织防御对组织绩效的影响中起到部分中介作用。%With a new perspective borrowed from biological immunology,this study explores the theoretical dimensions of the concept of organizational immunological behavior and its impact on organizational performance.A mechanism model of ″organizational immunological behavior-organizational immunological performance-organizational performance″ is developed and examined based on 233 firm questionnaires by path analysis.The empirical results indicate that both non-specific immunology and specific immunology are positively related to organizational performance except for organizational culture.Organizational Immunological Performance is positively related to organizational performance,and it also plays a full mediating role on the relationships between organizational structure,rules,memory and organizational performance,while a partial mediating role on the relationship between organizational defense and organizational performance.

  19. The Impact of changed organizational structures- on middle managers' perception of strategy and people management

    Madsen, Mona Toft; Madsen, Henning

    Much research on organizational change and middle management has emphasized the idea of flatter more performance- and customer focused organizations, in which middle managers’ main responsibilities concern elements of organizational change and development such as strategy involvement, and managing...... managers reported that the amount of managerial levels had actually been reduced in the last three years. Secondly, middle managers who had experienced such a reduction perceived aspects of strategy and organizational development as more important. Thirdly, such a reduction did not introduce significant...... changes in their perception of people management. Implications for research and practice are addressed in the discussion....

  20. The Impact of Organizational Learning Capability on Product Innovation Performance: Evidence from the Turkish Manufacturing Sector

    Özlem Yaşar Uğurlu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the effect of organizational learning capability on product innovation performance in the manufacturing sector using empirical data. A survey was conducted with 120 firms that were on the list of Top 1000 Firms of Turkey and registered with the Istanbul Chamber of Industry, to examine the relationship between the dimensions of organizational learning capability and the dimensions of product innovation performance. The findings of the study indicate a positive relationship between organizational learning capability and product innovation performance.

  1. THE IMPACT OF MARKETING PERFORMANCES ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCES IN THE CONTEXT OF ROMANIAN SUPPLY CHAINS

    Gyula Laszlo FLORIAN

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In order to achieve the desired performances and the increased value added to the final consumer, organizations need not only to integrate their core businesses and align them to business strategy but also to embrace the marketing philosophy. After presenting the main issues in operationalizing the marketing performances, we propose an empirical research using a working dataset of 64 firms from various industries to analyze the relationship between marketing and organizational performances. The research methodology employed is based on structural equations modeling. Results document that marketing orientation influences organizational performances in the framework of the supply chain management strategic approach to organizational performances.

  2. Framework for the Analysis of Nanotechnologies’ Impacts and Ethical Acceptability: Basis of an Interdisciplinary Approach to Assessing Novel Technologies

    Patenaude, Johane; Legault, Georges-Auguste; Beauvais, Jacques; Bernier, Louise; Béland, Jean-Pierre; Boissy, Patrick; Chenel, Vanessa; Daniel, Charles-Étienne; Genest, Jonathan; Poirier, Marie-Sol; Tapin, Danielle

    2014-01-01

    The genetically manipulated organism (GMO) crisis demonstrated that technological development based solely on the law of the marketplace and State protection against serious risks to health and safety is no longer a warrant of ethical acceptability. In the first part of our paper, we critique the implicitly individualist social-acceptance model for State regulation of technology and recommend an interdisciplinary approach for comprehensive analysis of the impacts and ethical acceptability of ...

  3. Empirical Study of Impact of Organizational Citizenship Behaviour Dimensions on Job Satisfaction among Administrative Staff of Osun State owned Tertiary Institutions, Nigeria

    K.O. Itiola; Itunu I. Odebiyi; Ezekiel Alabi

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of organizational citizenship behavior dimensions on job satisfaction among academic staff in Osun State owned tertiary institutions. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 80 respondents through simple random sampling method. Multiple regression was used to analyze the data collected in order to determine the impact of independent variables OCB dimensions on dependent variables (JS). Result revealed that Organizational Citizenship Behaviors ...

  4. Impact of essential oils on the taste acceptance of tomato juice, vegetable soup, or poultry burgers.

    Espina, Laura; García-Gonzalo, Diego; Pagán, Rafael

    2014-08-01

    Despite the vast body of available literature on the possibilities of essential oils (EOs) as food preservatives or functional ingredients, the sensory impact of their addition to foods has barely been approached. This work focuses on the hedonic taste acceptance of 3 food products (tomato juice, vegetable soup, and poultry burgers) when they are incorporated with potentially antimicrobial concentrations (20 to 200 μL/L) of 6 selected EOs (lemon, pennyroyal mint, thyme, and rosemary) and individual compounds (carvacrol, p-cymene). Although addition of 20 μL/L of pennyroyal mint or lemon EO did not change the taste acceptance of tomato juice, higher concentrations of these compounds or any concentration of the other 4 compounds did. In vegetable soup, the tolerance limit for rosemary EO, thyme EO, carvacrol, or p-cymene was 20 μL/L, while the addition of 200 μL/L of lemon EO was accepted. Tolerance limits in poultry burgers were established in 20 μL/L for carvacrol and thyme EOs, 100 μL/L for pennyroyal mint EO and p-cymene, and 200 μL/L for lemon and rosemary EOs. Moreover, incorporation of pennyroyal mint EO to tomato juice or poultry burgers, and enrichment of vegetable soup with lemon EO, could contribute to the development of food products with an improved sensory appeal. PMID:25077550

  5. To Investigate the Impact of Training, Employee Empowerment and Organizational Climate on Job Performance

    Haleema Zia; Hafiz Muhammad Ishaq; Salma Zahir; Faiz Ahmed

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates the quantitative relationship of training, employee empowerment and organizational climate with job performance. Job performance can be measured in terms of efficiency and effectiveness of employees-how well they perform their tasks in order to achieve organizational goals. Empowerment is very important tool to enhance productivity of an organization by enhancing job performance of employees. In certain conditions it may result in reducing job performance, which depend...

  6. The impact of leadership styles on organizational culture in Mapsa company

    Dariush Gholamzadeh; Azadeh Tahvildar Khazaneh; Manijeh Salimi Nabi

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the effect of leadership styles on organizational culture by testing a hypothesized model. A quantitative survey using questionnaire was conducted among 93 employees from diverse work units of Mapsa Company in October 2012. They filled out multifactor leadership questionnaire and the Denison organizational culture survey. Results of structural equation modeling (SEM) showed that Transformational and Transactional leadership styles could positively influence on organization...

  7. Managing uncertainty in crisis : exploring the impact of institutionalization on organizational sensemaking

    Lu, X.

    2014-01-01

    This book studies the variety of organizational strategy selection when coping with critical uncertainties during a crisis. In dealing with uncertainties, some organizations rely on organizational routines developed over time, while some others analyze uncertainty in an ad hoc way to provide a workable interpretation of that uncertainty. However, we do not know why some organizations select a rule-based strategy to cope with uncertainties whereas others follow a more ad hoc-based strategy. Th...

  8. The Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility Perception on The Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment

    TUZCU, Mehmet Arcan

    2014-01-01

    Corporate social responsibility activities influence the stakeholders in the first place, hence the employees, one of the vital stakeholders of the organizations. Social responsibility activities can have a direct effect on the job satisfaction and organizational commitment of employees. This paper investigates the employees’ perception on corporate social responsibility, and examines the effect of this perception on organizational commitment and job satisfaction. Hence, the individual factor...

  9. The Impact of Transformational Leadership on Employee Voice Behavior: The Role of Organizational Identification and Procedural

    Zengtian ZHANG; Xiuyuan GAO

    2014-01-01

    Through a questionnaire survey of 363 employees and their direct leaders in china, this study analyzes the effect of transformational leadership on employee voice behavior and the mediating role of organizational identification and procedural justice on the moderating effect. The results show that: the transformational leadership has a positive effect on employee voice behavior; transformational leadership affects employee voice through the mediating effect of organizational identification of...

  10. Impact of Supply Chain Management on the Relationship between Enterprise Resource Planning System and Organizational Performance

    Hashem Salarzadeh Jenatabadi; Hui Huang; Noor Azina Ismail; Nurulhuda Binti Mohd Satar; Che Wan Jasimah bt Wan Mohamed Radzi

    2013-01-01

    Two of the essential IT investment options that managers resort are supply chain management and enterpriseresource planning. These options are known in the relevant literature as factors contributing to the enhancementof organizational performance. The objective of this study is to investigate the enterprise resource planningadoption and its influence on organizational performance through supply chain management. This articlesuggests a new model which applies enterprise resource planning with...

  11. CROSS SECTIONAL EXAMINATION OF TEAM PERFORMANCE AND IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE ON TEAM BUILDING

    Yasin Munir; Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ehsan Malik; Faiqa Ejaz; Aqsa Alam; Aqsa Abbas

    2012-01-01

    In organizations proper process is made that helps the employees to bring an effective change for best team performance. Team building and change management are important factors in organizational environment. Both of these factors focus to have an outcome that affects self development, positive communication, leadership skills, and ability to work together as a team for solving problems. The main objective of our research is to know that how team building and organizational change can make b...

  12. The Impact of the Leadership Style on the Organizational Climate in a Public Entity

    Carmen NOVAC; Crina Iulia BRATANOV

    2014-01-01

    Many previous researches had explored the concepts of leadership styles and organizational climate, but just a very few had explored them together. Therefore, in order to be able to build a theoretical basis to this topic and then to develop a case study to emphasise the relationship between the leadership style implemented within a public sector entity and the organizational climate characteristics found in there, I immersed myself into the specific literature and considered different theore...

  13. THE IMPACT OF CULTURE AND ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE ON THE ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF COMPANIES

    Mirela Sîrbu; Doina Rosca

    2010-01-01

    During the present time, when the change represents the dominant characteristic of all the social-economical systems, it is necessary the administration of the organizational culture, which should assure the adapting to the permanent modifications from the internal and external environment of the organization. When the organizational change is made in optimal conditions and by a competent leadership, it constitutes an important success factor for enterprises. A powerful culture protects the o...

  14. Organizational error management culture and its impact on performance: a two study replication

    Dyck, van, R.; Frese, M; Baer, M; Sonnentag, S.

    2005-01-01

    The authors argue that a high-organizational error management culture, conceptualized to include norms and common practices in organizations (e.g., communicating about errors, detecting, analyzing, and correcting errors quickly), is pivotal to the reduction of negative and the promotion of positive error consequences. Organizational error management culture was positively related to firm performance across 2 studies conducted in 2 different European countries. On the basis of quantitative and...

  15. Psychological Acceptance Mediates the Impact of the Behaviour Problems of Children with Intellectual Disability on Fathers' Psychological Adjustment

    MacDonald, Elaine E.; Hastings, Richard P.; Fitzsimons, Elaine

    2010-01-01

    Background: Previous research with mothers of children with intellectual disabilities has shown that psychological acceptance is related to maternal psychological well-being. The present research extended this line of enquiry to fathers and explored the potential for psychological acceptance to mediate the impact of children's behaviour problems…

  16. Organizational Change and Vested Interest

    Hendrikse, G.W.J.

    1996-01-01

    The nature of organizational change and the value of headquarters is derived from a model with costs of delay, vested interests and costs of organizational change.The value of headquarters is derived from imposed organizational change. It is viewed as an institution which is able to prevent surplus reducing endogenous commitment.Imposed organizational change is predicted in circumstances where the desired change is not urgent, the loss of accepting lower offers than in the past is above a cer...

  17. Impact of experience on government policy toward acceptance of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in Korea

    As the 'low carbon, green growth' agenda, which emphasized sustainable development through equilibrium between economic growth and environmental preservation, is propagated rapidly in Korea. Despite this progress, it is not uncommon for new products made through advanced technologies, such as hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, to face public skepticism preventing market penetration. Therefore, the factors impacting customer acceptance of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles have to be estimated. Furthermore, it is necessary to examine whether or not the policies related to these products can prevent public skepticism regarding them. This empirical study examining the relationship between personal experiences related to the policy and acceptance of the innovative products of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles shows that government involvement in technology targeting and promotions administered by the 'low carbon, green growth' agenda rarely stimulate potential customers' purchase intentions. Thus, technology targeting administered by the 'low carbon, green growth' agenda needs to be reconciled with customer responses to the future market. - Highlights: → Experience of the 'low carbon, green growth' policy affects perception of it. → Positive perception on the policy seldom arouses positive perception on HFCV performance. → Technology targeting by the policy rarely stimulates purchase intention of HFCV. → Desire to be regarded as a person with environment concern impacts purchase intentions.→ Technology targeting by the policy needs to be reconciled with customer responses to it.

  18. Impact of Job Autonomy on Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction: The Moderating Role of Organizational Culture in Fast Food Sector of Pakistan

    S.M.M. Raza Naqvi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This study inspected the effect of job autonomy on job satisfaction and organizational commitment with amoderating role of organizational culture in the fast food sector of Pakistan. A sample of 107 employees wasconsidered for this study. Employees included waiters, managers, supervisors and floor incharges of top fastfood restaurants operating in Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Results showed that an increase in job autonomyresults in an increased level of job satisfaction and organizational commitment and organizational culturemoderates this relationship. Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE

  19. Sociological Assessment of Job Alienation and its Impacts on Organizational Culture in Educational Organizations (the Case of Educational Staff in Mashhad

    Fereydon Vahida

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Sociologists believe the existence of corporations is necessary for society so that different roles can be assigned to people, facilitating social interactions and transactions. These roles help people control their social action and leads to relational cooperation. On the other hand, studies on culture are very significant in sociology, in which culture can be seen as a social pattern in society, involving values and believes, which produce a commonsense that leads to stability in social system. Numerous definitions are provided for culture, but one agreed definition comes from Habermas approach, in which culture is seen as a combination of beliefs and values under the name of common knowledge. Organizational culture (OC includes the combination of patterns that direct staff behavior in organization and motivate their action for goal achievement. One of the important issues in organizational studies is OC, because it is identified as a key factor in organizational success. As a collection of assumptions that determines organizational values and norms, OC also helps in defining organizational goals. Different cultural, social and historical factors can impact OC, and OC itself can impact staff performance, creativity, job satisfaction and commitment. So recognizing the factors that impact OC is important because it has a great deal of influence on organizational outputs. Job alienation is one of the important factors that can impact OC. It leads to conflict between actions and value. In this research, OC is based on Denison model which divides it into 4 component: involvement, adaptation, mission, and integration. Using this model, the present study aims at explaining the impact of job alienation on organizational culture among educational staffs of Mashhad Country in 2013.     Methods & Material s   This is a survey study with descriptive and explanatory elements. Research instrument includes Denison's (2008 questionnaire of organizational

  20. Impact of organizational justice on satisfaction, commitment and turnover intention: Can fair treatment by organizations make a difference in their workers’ attitudes and behaviors?

    Gauri S. Rai

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the impact of organizational justice on specific attitudes and behaviors such as job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention. The data were collected from 511 staff members from ten health and rehabilitation centers in a southern state in the United States. Pearson Correlations and Hierarchical Regression were used to analyze data. The findings revealed that distributive justice influenced job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intentions. Procedural justice is only associated with organizational commitment. Informational justice affected only job satisfaction. Interpersonal justice was not related to any attitude or behavior included in this study. These findings suggest that if organizations want to improve job satisfaction and organizational commitment while reducing turnover intention, they need to pay more attention to developing programs and policies as well as leadership styles that encourage fairness.

  1. Studying the impact of the organizational commitment on the job performance

    Mojtaba Rafiei

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Success of any organization depends on the performance of its employees. Enhancing organizational commitment among employees is an important aspect to perform better. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of three components of organizational commitment; namely Affective, Continuance and Normative commitment, on employee’s performance. The study is applied among 244 employees of Cooperatives, Labor and Social Welfare department of Markazi Province using a single-stage cluster sampling. The study uses a standard questionnaire for organizational commitment developed by Allen and Meyer and job performance questionnaire developed by Patterson were used to gather data. Structural equations modeling (SEM technique has been used for data analysis. The result of this analysis indicates that the organizational commitment had a positive significant effect on the job performance. In addition, the study also showed that all three dimensions of organizational commitment, Affective, continuance, and normative commitment, had a positive significant effect on the job performance. From the findings, it has been proved that job performance was strongly associated with employee's commitment.

  2. The Impact of Risks in Supply Chain on Organizational Performances: Evidence from Romania

    Gyula Laszlo FLORIAN

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The proposed empirical research uses a national sample of 64 Romanian companies from various industries to document the relationship between organizational performances and risks in the context of Romanian supply chains. Empirical findings show that a supply chain risk management strategy successfully mitigates the negative consequences of risks. Our research underlines the changes necessary to maximize the benefits of supply chain integration. To extend the knowledge in this area our research is interdisciplinary, using a structural approach to model the determinants of organizational performances in supply chains and to measure the complex relationships among risks in supply chains and different facets of organizational performances in the context of Romanian supply chains.

  3. Feasibility, acceptance and impact of Team-based Learning in Neurology: a pilot study

    Brich, Jochen

    2013-01-01

    Background/Goal: Neurology is rated as one of the most difficult specialties by medical students, as well as by medical practitioners in other areas. Team-based learning (TBL) as a method of active and group-based learning seems to be a suitable method to achieve greater learning success and a better understanding of neurology. Methods: The TBL neurology course was designed as a supplemental program within the regular neurology course for third-year medical students. This supplemental course consisted of six 90-minute units as a pilot study during the 2011-12 winter semester and was evaluated in terms of time and effort. The acceptance of the TBL concept in general, as well as of the TBL neurology course in particular, was assessed using written evaluations. The results of the final exam were analyzed with regard to participation in TBL and the content imparted therein. Results: The preparation time was approximately 8 hours per unit. The implementation was without difficulty. The high rate of regular attendance and the consistently very positive evaluation results indicated a high acceptance of the TBL concept in general, as well as of the TBL neurology course in particular. TBL participants displayed better results on the final exam in topics also covered in the TBL units. Conclusion: The resulting achievement of a subjectively better understanding and a simultaneously higher level of interest in neurology justified the one-time, relatively intense preparation effort for TBL. The high acceptance among students inexperienced in teamwork suggests an unproblematic transfer to other preclinical or clinical courses. The impact on measurably improved results in clinical reasoning and problem-solving skills should be further investigated in the context of controlled studies. PMID:23737917

  4. IMPACT OF ETHICAL VALUES PROMOTED BY PROFESSIONAL ACCOUNTANTS ON THE ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE

    GRETI DANIELA TOGOE

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to point out the contribution of professional accountants to the sustainable development of organization and the way they generate sustainable organizational success through their direct involvement in creating organizational culture. Professional accountants can be considered value creators in organizations because of their commitment in developing and implementing strategies, policies, plans, structures and governance measures which set the framework for the creation of added value. The ethics and values of conduct in organizations are supported by professional accountants through their behavior and the actions they carry out. Thus, the quality of professional judgment becomes a differentiating factor for accounting professionals

  5. Exploring visitor acceptability for hardening trails to sustain visitation and minimize impacts

    Cahill, K.L.; Marion, J.L.; Lawson, S.R.

    2008-01-01

    Protected natural area managers are challenged to provide high quality recreation opportunities and ensure the protection of resources from impacts associated with visitation. Development of visitor use facilities and application of site hardening practices are commonly applied tools for achieving these competing management objectives. This study applies stated choice analysis to examine visitor opinions on acceptability when they are asked to make tradeoffs among competing social, resource and management attributes in backcountry and frontcountry settings of Acadia National Park. This study demonstrates that asking visitors about recreation setting attributes uni-dimensionally, a common approach, can yield less informative responses. Analyses that considered direct tradeoffs revealed more divergent opinions on acceptability for setting attributes than a unidimensional approach. Findings revealed that visitors to an accessible and popular attraction feature supported trail development options to protect resource conditions with unrestricted visitor access. In contrast, visitors to a remote undeveloped island expressed stronger support for no or limited trail development and access restrictions to protect resource conditions.

  6. Organizational Performance

    Renata Peregrino de Brito

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a theoretical and empirical analysis of the relationship between human resource management (HRM and organizational performance. Theoretically, we discuss the importance of HRM for the development of resources and its impact on business performance. Empirically, we evaluated articles published on Brazilian academic journals that addressed such relationships. The results showed a lack of studies conducted at this intersection. From the universe of 2,469 articles, only 16 (0.6% sought to relate HRM and organizational performance. We observed a dominance of isolated HR practices, which does not consider HRM as a system, and of operational performance measures, relative to financial and efficiency variables. Most studies show a positive relationship between HRM practices and performance, in line with the literature. However, we point out some methodological issues, such as the difficulty of isolating the HR practices from its context, the failure to consider the temporality of this relationship, and the comparison between companies from different industries.

  7. An Investigation of the Impact of International Branch Campuses on Organizational Culture

    Tierney, William G.; Lanford, Michael

    2015-01-01

    The authors first survey the factors related to globalization that have stimulated the creation of international branch campuses. They then contend that the viability of an international branch campus should not be solely evaluated from a rational choice perspective oriented toward economic self-interest. Rather, the organizational culture of the…

  8. Gender and Leadership. The Impact of Organizational Culture of Public Institutions

    Felicia Cornelia MACARIE

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available This study approaches the public organizations and their organizational culture by taking into account the gender factor. More specifically, it will approach women’s presence in the leadership of public organizations, the influence of the public organizational culture in the promotion of women in middle and top management positions, and it will finally identify the defining characteristics of the organizational culture of the institutions led by women in comparison to those led by men. Our study is based on a research conducted in Bistriţa-Năsăud County, Romania, by applying a survey in 12 public organizations. The survey comprises 16 questions, seven of which are open questions; 25 women with different positions in the medium and the top management of public institutions were surveyed. The conclusions of the research confirm the existence of some clear differences in the organizational culture of womenled and respectively, men-led public institutions. At the same time, the study identifies possible causes for the low presence of women in the public top management in contrast to their high presence in the execution positions.

  9. The impact of employee communication and perceived external prestige on organizational identification

    A. Smidts (Ale); C.B.M. van Riel (Cees); A.Th.H. Pruyn

    2000-01-01

    textabstractEmployees' Organizational Identification (OI) is measured in a customer service organization. Particularly the effects of employee communication and perceived external prestige (PEP) on OI were evaluated. Results show that employee communication affects OI more strongly than PEP. One asp

  10. Understanding Informal Feedback Seeking in the Workplace: The Impact of the Position in the Organizational Hierarchy

    van der Rijt, Janine; Van den Bossche, Piet; Segers, Mien S. R.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the position of employees in the organizational hierarchy is important in explaining their feedback seeking behaviour. Design/methodology/approach: This study takes a social network perspective by using an ego-centric network survey to investigate employees' feedback seeking behaviour…

  11. The Impact of Catholic School Identity and Organizational Leadership on the Vitality of Catholic Elementary Schools

    Hobbie, Marian; Convey, John J.; Schuttloffel, Merylann J.

    2010-01-01

    In order to fulfill their role of teaching children to receive Jesus and live out his call to create the Kingdom of God on earth and in heaven, Catholic schools need to possess and foster the distinctive characteristics of Catholic school identity. This study examined the relationship between Catholic school identity and organizational leadership…

  12. Impact of Leadership Styles on Employees' Organizational Commitment in Lithuanian Manufacturing Companies

    Bučiūnienė Ilona; Škudienė Vida

    2008-01-01

    This article investigates the relationship between employees' organizational commitment dimensions and leadership styles in Lithuanian manufacturing companies. The findings of the study reveal positive correlations between a transformational leadership style and affective and normative employee commitments. A laissez-faire leadership style was found to be negatively associated with employees' affective commitment.

  13. Impact of Leader’s Change-Promoting Behavior on Readiness for Change: A Mediating Role of Organizational Culture

    M. Shahnawaz Adil

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of the leader’s change-promoting behavior on employee’s readiness for change and whether the organizational culture mediates this relationship. A sample of 205 responses is drawn from employees having junior or senior level of managerial responsibilities in Karachi. The method of both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses is employed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the measurement model. The structural equation modeling method was then applied to examine the theoretical framework with the help of seven frequently reported goodness-of-fit indices. The results indicate that leader’s change-promoting behavior has a significant positive impact on change readiness and the organizational culture partially mediates the positive relationship between the leader’s change-promoting behavior and change readiness. The present study supports the theory of one of the six conceptual formations of change readiness that it is reflected as employee’s capacity to change. Therefore, managers should clearly advocate the desired change with the help of their own change-prompting behavior as well as establishing a trusting culture in their organization. Future studies may ascertain the impact of employees’ readiness for change in their commitment to change in the context of Pakistan which could further lead to passive or active change-related behaviors.

  14. Organizational governance

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Klein, Peter G.

    This chapter reviews and discusses rational-choice approaches to organizational governance. These approaches are found primarily in organizational economics (virtually no rational-choice organizational sociology exists), particularly in transaction cost economics, principal-agent theory, and the...

  15. Conference on landscape impacts of wind energy and local acceptance: France-Germany crossed views

    The French-German office for Renewable energies (OFAEnR) organised a conference on the landscape impacts of wind energy. In the framework of this French-German exchange of experience, more than 100 participants exchanged views on the environmental impact of wind farms and the opinion of residents. This document brings together the available presentations (slides) made during this event: 1 - French people and wind energy (Mila Galiano); 2 - Wind energy acceptance in Germany: an essential factor for the wind industry development (Joerg Mayer); 3 - Taking into account landscapes and residents in the development of wind farms: a France-Germany comparison (Pia Laborgne, Alain Nadai); 3 - Wind energy development supervision thanks to territorial planning in Germany (Guenter Ratzbor); 4 - Landscape challenges in wind energy development: point of view and role of a state decentralised department (Marie-Odile Ratouis); 5 - Park or landscape - Wind turbines as elements of the cultural landscape (Soeren Schoebel-Rutschmann); 6 - How should a developer approach the 'landscape' aspect when foreseeing a wind energy project installation (Jean-Francois Petit); 7 - More consensual wind energy projects along highways, railways and overhead power lines? (Dieter Guennewig); 8 - The 'wings top': un example of participatory and citizen's project (David Portales)

  16. Framework for the analysis of nanotechnologies' impacts and ethical acceptability: basis of an interdisciplinary approach to assessing novel technologies.

    Patenaude, Johane; Legault, Georges-Auguste; Beauvais, Jacques; Bernier, Louise; Béland, Jean-Pierre; Boissy, Patrick; Chenel, Vanessa; Daniel, Charles-Étienne; Genest, Jonathan; Poirier, Marie-Sol; Tapin, Danielle

    2015-04-01

    The genetically manipulated organism (GMO) crisis demonstrated that technological development based solely on the law of the marketplace and State protection against serious risks to health and safety is no longer a warrant of ethical acceptability. In the first part of our paper, we critique the implicitly individualist social-acceptance model for State regulation of technology and recommend an interdisciplinary approach for comprehensive analysis of the impacts and ethical acceptability of technologies. In the second part, we present a framework for the analysis of impacts and acceptability, devised-with the goal of supporting the development of specific nanotechnological applications-by a team of researchers from various disciplines. At the conceptual level, this analytic framework is intended to make explicit those various operations required in preparing a judgement about the acceptability of technologies that have been implicit in the classical analysis of toxicological risk. On a practical level, we present a reflective tool that makes it possible to take into account all the dimensions involved and understand the reasons invoked in determining impacts, assessing them, and arriving at a judgement about acceptability. PMID:24728612

  17. Organizational Culture and the Organizational Commitment; Correlational Study in Hospital Staffs

    Hojjat Rahmani; Samad Azari; Ghasem rajabi Vasokolaee; Masood Taheri Mirghaed; Mehdi Raadabadi

    2015-01-01

    Organizations need the committed manpower to provide effectiveness and progress which is an important factorin order to achieve organizational goals. According to this, organizational culture increases employeescommitment in the organization by their accepted norms and values. Actually, the organization environment &its prevailing culture, affects on the organizational commitment of staff. This study was conducted to assessrelationship between the organizational culture and the organizati...

  18. Impact of Supply Chain Management on the Relationship between Enterprise Resource Planning System and Organizational Performance

    Hashem Salarzadeh Jenatabadi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Two of the essential IT investment options that managers resort are supply chain management and enterpriseresource planning. These options are known in the relevant literature as factors contributing to the enhancementof organizational performance. The objective of this study is to investigate the enterprise resource planningadoption and its influence on organizational performance through supply chain management. This articlesuggests a new model which applies enterprise resource planning with supply chain management to optimalorganizational performance. Structural equation model was utilized to test the model fitting level and the fourproposed hypotheses. The required data for this research was collected from 174 companies in Malaysia throughprepared surveys. The results support, through empirical evidences, the existence of positive effects ofenterprise resource planning on the supply chain which ultimately results in improved overall performance ofthe studied organizations. 

  19. The impact of electronic commerce on organizational structure: a case study of e- commerce decentralization

    ADALTON MASALU OZAKI

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the problem of centralizing vs. decentralizing an organizational structure for e-commerce. First, a conceptual framework is designed based on the literature. Then a case study of the Brazilian subsidiary of a major chemical multinational is explained and analyzed. A decision-making method is applied to (a identify the alternatives for organizational structures and evaluation criteria, and (b determine which criteria enable one to identify an alternative as better than the others. In the context of the case, a centralized e-commerce structure was recommended. This paper makes two main contributions to theory. First, it shows t he usefulness of the literature on R&D and innovation management as theoretical support for studies in other fields, in this case e- commerce organization. Second, it provides a methodology, which can be adapted for use by companies facing the same decision problem. Thoughts on possible future studies close the article.

  20. The impact of organizational culture on Concurrent Engineering, Design-for-Safety, and product safety performance.

    A. Zhu; von Zedtwitz, M.; Assimakopoulos, D.; Fernandes, K

    2016-01-01

    This paper empirically extends the research on the relationships between organizational culture, new product development (NPD) practices, and product safety performance (PSP). Using Schein's conceptualization of culture (i.e., underlying assumptions, espoused values, and artifacts), we build and test a model among five variables: top management commitment to safety (MCS), group level product safety culture (PSC) at NPD, Concurrent Engineering (CE), Design-for-Safety (DFS), and product safety ...

  1. Application Performance Management Impact On Organizational Performance Local Company Studies In West Java - Indonesia

    Teni Listiani; Dwi Kartini

    2015-01-01

    Abstract This study aimed to analyze the effect on the performance of the companys performance management area. Management performance is measured through three dimensions performance planning performance assessment and feeding it behind. While organizational performance is measured through four dimensions financial perspective customer perspective internal business processes and learning and growth perspective. The unit of analysis in this research area comprising 30 companies from 23 taps 6...

  2. Subordinate's trust in the supervisor and its impact on organizational effectiveness

    2011-01-01

    This study tested a model of trust-in-supervisor that included propensity to trust and supervisor attributes (i.e., ability, benevolence, and integrity) as antecedents, and affective organizational commitment and helping intention as criterion outcomes. A field survey using a structured questionnaire was used to gather data from 255 white-collar employees from diverse occupations and organizations. Path analysis results showed that supervisor ability, benevolence, and integrity as well as emp...

  3. THE IMPACT OF MARKETING PERFORMANCES ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCES IN THE CONTEXT OF ROMANIAN SUPPLY CHAINS

    Gyula Laszlo FLORIAN; Csaba PAJZOS

    2015-01-01

    In order to achieve the desired performances and the increased value added to the final consumer, organizations need not only to integrate their core businesses and align them to business strategy but also to embrace the marketing philosophy. After presenting the main issues in operationalizing the marketing performances, we propose an empirical research using a working dataset of 64 firms from various industries to analyze the relationship between marketing and organizational performances. T...

  4. Implications of Information Technology in Developing Countries and Its Impact in Organizational Change

    Bahar Kenaroglu

    2003-01-01

    The survival and growth of organizations in an increasingly turbulent environment would depend upon effective utilization of information technology for aligning the organizational structure with environmental preferences and for creating symbiotic interorganizational structures. How can IT help the organizations in responding to the challenges of an increasingly complex and uncertain environment? How can IT help the organizations achieve the “flexible” organization structure? These are the to...

  5. PERCEIVED ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT AND ITS IMPACT TO THE TURNOVER INTENTION: A CORRELATION ANALYSIS

    Ramesh Kumar; Koh Geok Eng

    2012-01-01

    Employees’ commitment is very important for an organization. Once the employees’ commitments reduce, the organization could face the difficulty in retaining the employees. The purpose of this study is to examine whether there is significant relationship between organizational commitment and turnover intention. The total size of the sample is 278 respondents from top level management to low level employees in G hotel, Gurney hotel, and Evergreen Laurel hotel, Penang, Malaysia. By using a corre...

  6. Role of Quality Management Practices in Employee Engagement and its impact on Organizational Performance

    Sathishkumar, A S; Karthikeyan, Dr .P.

    2014-01-01

    Employee engagement has emerged as a critical driver of business success in todays competitive marketplace. Further, employee engagement can be a deciding factor in organizational success. Not only does engagement have the potential to significantly affect employee retention, productivity and loyalty, it is also a key link to Quality management practices in functional process quality, which results in performance, customer satisfaction, company reputation and overall stakeholder value. Thus, ...

  7. The impact of organizational cynicsm on job performance: a survey research at vocational colleges

    Çakıcı, Ayşehan; Doğan, Seçkin

    2014-01-01

    Organisational cynicism is a negative attitude towards one's employing organization. Research has been conducted to identify the organizational cynicism’s effect on work performance. The data was collected through a questionnaire which was implemented face to face with the academic and administrative staff at a Public University’s Vocational Colleges. 116 academic staff and 68 administrative personnel participated in the survey. The organisational cynicism displayed by the academicians and th...

  8. The Impact of Structural Empowerment on Organizational Citizenship Behavior-Organization and Job Performance: A Mediating Role of Burnout

    Hina Jaffery

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The banking sector employees are usually exposed to potential job burnout which impacts their employee performance. This study examined the impact of structural empowerment on organizational citizenship behavior-organization (henceforth, OCBO and job performance and further examined the mediating effect of job burnout in the relationships of structural empowerment, OCBO and job performance. In this study, data from 282 employees was taken from four banks: both public and private sectors. Two stage sampling technique was carried out to collect data. In the first stage probability cluster sampling and in the second stage convenience sampling was used. Different data analysis techniques like correlation, regression analysis, were used to test the four hypotheses of the study. Findings show that there are strong positive relationships of structural empowerment with OCBO and job performance. It has also proved that job burnout strongly mediates the relationship of structural empowerment and organizational citizenship-behavior (OCBO and weakly mediates the relationship between structural empowerment and job performance. The findings would help the HR executives of the organizations to formulate future development to combat the burnout and ensure effective overall performance of employees through structurally empowering them.

  9. An empirical study to measure the impact of e-business on organizational performance with an emphasis on integrated production information

    Hadi Meftahi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available During the past few decades, there have been different studies on e-business but there are limited numbers of works accomplished on measuring the impact of e-business on supply chain. Although e-business may not directly influence on organizational performance, it can have significant indirect impact on unifying customers and suppliers, which yields to a better performance of organizations. In this study, we perform an empirical study to measure the indirect impact of e-business on organizational performance. The proposed study of this paper designs a questionnaire and distributes it among 40 professional experts in various industries in province of Ilam, Iran. The survey examines four hypothesis for a possible correlation between e-business and integrated suppliers, e-business and customers, integrated customers and suppliers with organizational performance. The results of this survey confirm a positive relationship between all these components either directly or indirectly.

  10. Organizational Learning and Crisis Management

    Wang, Jia

    2007-01-01

    The impact of crises on organizations has been stronger than ever. This article explores the role of organizational learning in crisis management, an area that has received little attention from HRD community. Recognizing the dynamics and interconnectedness of crisis management, organizational learning, and organizational change, the article…

  11. A study on the effect of organizational justice on organizational citizenship and organizational commitment

    Jalil Ghafourian

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study on the effect of organizational justice on organizational citizenship and organizational commitment in Iran. The proposed study designs a questionnaire and distributes it among some employees of Islamic Azad University and, using structural equation modeling, we investigate the effect of organizational justice on organizational citizenship as well as organizational commitment. The study selects 142 people from 255 regular employees who work for the university and distributes the questionnaire designed in Likert scale. Cronbach alphas have been determined for organizational citizenship, organizational justice and commitment as 0.924, 0.94 and 0.73, which are well above the minimum acceptable level. The results indicate that procedural justice has the most effect on organizational commitment followed by interactive justice and distributive justice. In addition, obedience has the most influential effect followed by loyalty, partnership, innovation and behavior. Finally, the survey shows that organizational citizenship is influenced mostly by loyalty and partnership. In summary, the effect of organizational justice on organizational citizenship and organizational commitment has been confirmed.

  12. Consumer Acceptability of Cucumber Pickles Produced by Fermentation in Calcium Chloride Brine for Reduced Environmental Impact.

    Wilson, Emily M; Johanningsmeier, Suzanne D; Osborne, Jason A

    2015-06-01

    Fermentation of cucumbers in calcium chloride (CaCl2 ) brine has been proposed as an alternative process to reduce the environmental impact of traditional, high salt fermentations. The objective of this research was to determine whether consumer acceptability of pickle products would be impacted by fermentation and storage of cucumbers in CaCl2 brine. Cucumbers were fermented and stored with 0.1M CaCl2 or 1M sodium chloride (NaCl) in open-air, 3000 gal tanks at a commercial facility and processed into hamburger dill chips containing 0.38M NaCl. Cucumbers fermented in CaCl2 required additional desalting to reduce CaCl2 concentrations to that of current products. Consumers (n = 101) showed no significant preference for pickles from different fermentation treatments, whether stored for 2 mo (P = 0.75) or 8 mo (P = 0.68) prior to processing. In contrast, NaCl fermented pickles were preferred over CaCl2 fermented pickles stored for 10 mo and desalted only once (P preference tests indicated that the taste of CaCl2 was not the factor affecting consumer preference, and the 50% detection threshold of CaCl2 in dill pickle chips was found to be 61.8 ± 7.6 mM, indicating that processors could potentially use CaCl2 fermentations with a single desalting step. Consumer liking of flavor (n = 73) was not influenced by fermentation in CaCl2 or by 23 or 35 mM CaCl2 in finished products (P > 0.05), but variability in texture decreased consumer liking (P < 0.05). Although promising, individual fermentation variability and texture quality of CaCl2 fermented products should be further evaluated prior to broad implementation of this process. PMID:25981784

  13. 组织学习影响组织创造力的知识获取路径研究%Research on the Knowledge Acquisition Path of the Impacts of Organizational Learning on Organizational Creativity

    刘新梅; 白杨

    2013-01-01

    To demonstrate the relationship between organizational learning style and organizational creativity, based on the knowledge-based theory, this study attempts to explore the inner mechanism between organizational learning style and organizational creativity from the perspective of external knowledge acquisition. The research constructs the external knowledge acquisition path of how organizational learning impacts organizational creativity according to the significant difference in information content between market knowledge and technological knowledge. The survey collected 275 valid enterprise samples, employing structural e-quation modeling method for statistical analysis of sample data, Results show that exploration learning promotes technological knowledge acquisition through affecting market knowledge acquisition, and ultimately exerts an impact on the path of organizational creativity, while exploitation learning affects organizational creativity mainly through promoting technological knowledge acquisition. Technological knowledge and market knowledge acquisition play different mediating roles in the impact of organizational learning on organizational creativity, and compared to exploitation learning, exploration learning makes a more effective use of external knowledge acquisition and thus affects organizational creativity.%为了探明组织学习方式与组织创造力之间的相关关系,基于知识的基础观理论,尝试从外部知识获取的视角出发,探索组织学习方式与组织创造力之间的内在机理,根据市场知识与技术知识信息偏重的不同,构建组织学习方式影响组织创造力的外部知识获取路径.采用问卷调查收集275个有效的企业样本,运用结构方程模型方法对样本数据进行统计分析.研究结果表明,探索式学习通过影响市场知识获取进而推动技术知识获取,最终影响组织创造力的作用路径,利用式学习则主要通过对技术知识获取的

  14. Adoption of Mobile Commerce: The Impact of End User Satisfaction on System Acceptance

    Morteza Ghobakhloo; Tang S.H.; Norzima Zulkifli

    2013-01-01

    Although voluntary individual usage behavior of information system and technology is well studied in the literature, further theoretical development is needed to account for the specific characteristics of the mobile commerce. This study presents an extended technology acceptance and satisfaction model presented by Wixom and Todd (2005) that integrates technology acceptance and technology satisfaction into unified model to investigate what determines user mobile commerce acceptance and usage....

  15. The impact of gendered organizational systems on women’s career advancement

    O’Neil, Deborah A.; Hopkins, Margaret M.

    2015-01-01

    In this Perspective article we propose that in order to pave the way for women’s career advancement into the senior ranks of organizations, attention must be directed at the systemic norms and structures that drive the gendered nature of the workplace. A focus on individual level issues, i.e., women lacking confidence and women opting out, detracts from the work that must be done at the organizational level in order to dismantle the system of pervasive, structural disadvantage facing women se...

  16. Simulation Research of the TOC-Based Cost Accounting Impacting on Organizational Performance

    MA Guo-feng; TU Mei-zeng; SHI Zhan-zhong

    2005-01-01

    After introducing a new management philosophy called Theory of Constraints (TOC), Dr Eli Goldratt applied it to the field of accounting, and formed a new set of measures for cost accounting. These measures are Throughput Contribution, Inventory and Operating Expenses. This paper applied the constraint-based cost accounting to three kinds of strategies decisions including contraction, cost and market, and uses the Gedunken experiment to do a contrastive research between the cost accounting based on TOC and the full-absorption cost accounting. The experiment proves that the cost accounting based on TOC outperforms the traditional cost accounting, and greatly improves organizational performance.

  17. A Preliminary Study on the Measures to Assess the Organizational Safety: The Cultural Impact on Human Error Potential

    The Fukushima I nuclear accident following the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami on 11 March 2011 occurred after twelve years had passed since the JCO accident which was caused as a result of an error made by JCO employees. These accidents, along with the Chernobyl accident, associated with characteristic problems of various organizations caused severe social and economic disruptions and have had significant environmental and health impact. The cultural problems with human errors occur for various reasons, and different actions are needed to prevent different errors. Unfortunately, much of the research on organization and human error has shown widely various or different results which call for different approaches. In other words, we have to find more practical solutions from various researches for nuclear safety and lead a systematic approach to organizational deficiency causing human error. This paper reviews Hofstede's criteria, IAEA safety culture, safety areas of periodic safety review (PSR), teamwork and performance, and an evaluation of HANARO safety culture to verify the measures used to assess the organizational safety

  18. Organizational-level study of the impact of past turnover on future turnover in the Sultanate of Oman

    Ruqaiya Mohamed Al Balushi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Turnover phenomena attracted researchers from all over the world for generations. Most of this research was directed towards turnover antecedents with a few scattered conceptual and empirical studies related to turnover consequences. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of past turnover on future turnover in public organizations, in addition to test the mediation role of organizational climate in this relationship. Public schools as separate identities were the best choice as the study sample. Data were collected through questionnaires from 142 public schools in all educational regions in Oman. Two-step structural equation modeling approach, and nested model comparison were used for data analysis. The results revealed that: (1 past turnover predicts future turnover, significantly; (2 organizational climate fails to mediate this relationship. The study added to the body of knowledge by confirming Staw’s hypothesis relating past turnover to future turnover in the Omani context. Human resource professionals and educational administration practitioners may play an important role in decreasing future turnover by tackling and decreasing past turnover, in addition to improving the relationship climate in schools. The study is limited to public schools in Oman and further studies about turnover consequences in the Arabic context are needed to affirm the results.

  19. The Impact of the Leadership Style on the Organizational Climate in a Public Entity

    Carmen NOVAC

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Many previous researches had explored the concepts of leadership styles and organizational climate, but just a very few had explored them together. Therefore, in order to be able to build a theoretical basis to this topic and then to develop a case study to emphasise the relationship between the leadership style implemented within a public sector entity and the organizational climate characteristics found in there, I immersed myself into the specific literature and considered different theoretical patterns in particular for the above mentioned concepts.People’s general perception is that public organizations rarely achieve their objectives, the employees are not doing their job properly and there is no efficiency in using neither resources nor proper motivation of employees. This negative image could be a projection of the internal dissatisfaction towards payment, recognition, career prospects and leader's behaviour. Consequently, a deeper leader's actions analysis will provide further information on this perception and so will do the study of the organisational climate.The concept of organizational climate has a great deal of components through which it can be defined. Some of the organizational climate essential factors are: the structure, motivation, interpersonal relations, flexibility, support, communication, information, working conditions, rules and regulations, objectives, management and leadership. People tend to internalize the organizational climate and as a result the way they perceive it has an important role on their behaviour. Thus, there is a strong relationship between the leader's behaviour and the organisational climate.It is known that a leader’s best way of action depends on a series of situational factors and the employees' level of professionalism is one of them. Public sector leaders should also adapt themselves to the organisational climate requirements and should adopt a more flexible working system. Through their

  20. People, organizational, and leadership factors impacting informatics support for clinical and translational research

    Payne Philip RO

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In recent years, there have been numerous initiatives undertaken to describe critical information needs related to the collection, management, analysis, and dissemination of data in support of biomedical research (J Investig Med 54:327-333, 2006; (J Am Med Inform Assoc 16:316–327, 2009; (Physiol Genomics 39:131-140, 2009; (J Am Med Inform Assoc 18:354–357, 2011. A common theme spanning such reports has been the importance of understanding and optimizing people, organizational, and leadership factors in order to achieve the promise of efficient and timely research (J Am Med Inform Assoc 15:283–289, 2008. With the emergence of clinical and translational science (CTS as a national priority in the United States, and the corresponding growth in the scale and scope of CTS research programs, the acuity of such information needs continues to increase (JAMA 289:1278–1287, 2003; (N Engl J Med 353:1621–1623, 2005; (Sci Transl Med 3:90, 2011. At the same time, systematic evaluations of optimal people, organizational, and leadership factors that influence the provision of data, information, and knowledge management technologies and methods are notably lacking. Methods In response to the preceding gap in knowledge, we have conducted both: 1 a structured survey of domain experts at Academic Health Centers (AHCs; and 2 a subsequent thematic analysis of public-domain documentation provided by those same organizations. The results of these approaches were then used to identify critical factors that may influence access to informatics expertise and resources relevant to the CTS domain. Results A total of 31 domain experts, spanning the Biomedical Informatics (BMI, Computer Science (CS, Information Science (IS, and Information Technology (IT disciplines participated in a structured surveyprocess. At a high level, respondents identified notable differences in theaccess to BMI, CS, and IT expertise and services depending on the

  1. A survey on impact of emotional intelligence, organizational citizenship behaviors and job satisfaction on employees’ performance in Iranian hotel industry

    Kambiz Heidarzadeh Hanzaee

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of employees’ Emotional Intelligence (EI, Job Satisfaction (JS and Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB on Employee's Performance (EP in Iranian hotel industry. The proposed study of this paper designs a questionnaire and distributes it among 225 employees who have a high interaction with customers in hotel industry. In order to describe the data, the frequency distribution tables have been used and the structural equations model (SEM has been used to describe the data. The results of this survey have confirmed all the proposed hypotheses of this survey except the one, which was associated with the relationship between OCB on EP. Therefore, EI have positive impacts on JS, OCB and EP in Iranian hotel industry. Conclusion and Managerial implications have been offers.

  2. Awareness of Stress-reduction Interventions: The Impact on Employees' Well-being and Organizational Attitudes.

    Pignata, Silvia; Boyd, Carolyn; Gillespie, Nicole; Provis, Christopher; Winefield, Anthony H

    2016-08-01

    Employing the social-exchange theoretical framework, we examined the effect of employees' awareness of stress-reduction interventions on their levels of psychological strain, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, perceptions of senior management trustworthiness and procedural justice. We present longitudinal panel data from 869 employees who completed questionnaires at two time points at 13 Australian universities. Our results show that employees who reported an awareness of stress-reduction interventions undertaken at their university scored lower on psychological strain and higher on job satisfaction and commitment than those who were unaware of the interventions. The results suggest that simply the awareness of stress interventions can be linked to positive employee outcomes. The study further revealed that senior management trustworthiness and procedural justice mediate the relationship between awareness and employee outcomes. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:25066108

  3. The impact of trial runs on the acceptability of pigouvian taxes: experimental evidence

    Cherry, Todd L.; Kallbekken, Steffen; Kroll, Stephen

    2011-07-01

    This paper examines the political difficulty of enacting welfare-enhancing Pigouvian taxes. Using referenda in a market experiment with externalities, we investigate the effect of trial periods on the acceptability of two theoretically equivalent variants of Pigouvian taxes. While implementing either tax is in subjects material self-interest, we find significant levels of opposition to both tax schemes, though the level differs considerably. Results show that trial runs can overcome initial tax aversion, significantly increasing acceptability. The effect is robust across tax schemes, but a trial with one scheme does not affect the acceptability of the other. Trial periods also mitigate initial biases in preferences of alternative tax schemes. (auth)

  4. The Impact of Organizational Climate on Burnout among Homeroom Teachers and Special Education Teachers (Full Classes/Individual Pupils) in Mainstream Schools

    Lavian, Rivka Hillel

    2012-01-01

    This article reports on a quantitative research study designed to examine the impact of organizational climate on burnout among homeroom and special education teachers working in Israeli state (non-religious) schools. The research literature identifies various causes for teacher burnout, offering evidence that special education teachers experience…

  5. 组织政治技能、组织信任对隐性知识共享的影响研究%The impact of organizational political skill and organizational trust on tacit knowledge sharing

    张生太; 梁娟

    2012-01-01

    The impact of organizational political skill and organizational trust on tacit knowledge sharing is examined. Based on a survey of 264 employees from 18 firms located at Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, the regression analysis model is applied to verify the relationship between these variables. The results indicate that organizational political skill has four dimensions, that is, political sensitivity, interpersonal influence, the force of relationship development, the force of coordination; and these four dimensions of organizational political skill are positively related to organizational trust and tacit knowledge sharing. Finally, the implications and limitation of the study and the suggestions for future research arc also discussed.%在文献回顾的基础上,建立了组织政治技能、组织信任和隐性知识共享之间的关系模型,并对内蒙古自治区18家企业264名员工的调查问卷数据,应用回归分析方法对该模型进行了验证。结果表明组织政治技能的四个维度:政治敏锐性、人际影响力、关系拓展力、组织协调力对组织信任和隐性知识共享均有显著的正向影响。组织信任完全中介了组织政治技能和隐性知识共享之间的关系。最后总结分析了该研究对于理论和实践的贡献以及对未来研究的启示。

  6. The impact of autism spectrum disorder and alexithymia on judgments of moral acceptability.

    Brewer, Rebecca; Marsh, Abigail A; Catmur, Caroline; Cardinale, Elise M; Stoycos, Sarah; Cook, Richard; Bird, Geoffrey

    2015-08-01

    One's own emotional response toward a hypothetical action can influence judgments of its moral acceptability. Some individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibit atypical emotional processing, and moral judgments. Research suggests, however, that emotional deficits in ASD are due to co-occurring alexithymia, meaning atypical moral judgments in ASD may be due to alexithymia also. Individuals with and without ASD (matched for alexithymia) judged the moral acceptability of emotion-evoking statements and identified the emotion evoked. Moral acceptability judgments were predicted by alexithymia. Crucially, however, this relationship held only for individuals without ASD. While ASD diagnostic status did not directly predict either judgment, those with ASD did not base their moral acceptability judgments on emotional information. Findings are consistent with evidence demonstrating that decision-making is less subject to emotional biases in those with ASD. PMID:26375827

  7. The television, school, and family project. V. The impact of curriculum delivery format on program acceptance.

    Brannon, B R; Dent, C W; Flay, B R; Smith, G; Sussman, S; Pentz, M A; Johnson, C A; Hansen, W B

    1989-07-01

    Social psychological interventions have been successful in preventing drug and tobacco use in adolescents, but target audience involvement has not been well documented. Examination of program acceptance is necessary to avoid ambiguity when interpreting findings within and across studies. This report presents results from a program acceptance study of a seventh-grade smoking/drug-use prevention and cessation field trial. The research design is an assessment of two experimentally manipulated variations in program delivery on the program acceptance of all provider and target groups involved. Experimental manipulations included classroom and mass broadcast television demonstrations of social resistance skills against pressures to smoke and use drugs. Three aspects of target audience program acceptance were assessed: participation, satisfaction, and perceived program efficacy. Respondents included the target audience (seventh-grade students and parents), instructors, classroom observers, and school administrative staff. Strong main effects of television delivery on student and parent participation were observed. The findings suggest the usefulness of student homework assignment to view television segments with parents at home as a strategy to achieve family involvement in school-based programs. Both television and classroom delivery separately demonstrated significant positive effects on overall program acceptance with moderate interactive effects on perceived program efficacy. While classroom teacher/observers and school administrators reported strong preferences for the experimental (social resistance) classroom curriculum, acceptance of experimental and comparison (information-based) curricula by the student/parent target audience was equivalent. PMID:2798371

  8. Organizational Networks

    Grande, Bård; Sørensen, Ole Henning

    1998-01-01

    The paper focuses on the concept of organizational networks. Four different uses of the concept of organizational network are identified and critically discussed. Special focus is placed on how information and communication technologies as communication mediators and cognitive pictures influence...

  9. Impact of the HRM content (i.e. practices) and process (i.e. strength) on individual and organizational outcomes, in the hotel industry

    Madeira, Sara de Oliveira Barradas Filipe

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to explore the impact of the HRM content (i.e. HRM practices) on individual (proximal) and organizational (distal) outcomes, in the hotel industry context, as well as the influence of the HRM process (i.e. HRM strength) as a mediator in the link between HRM practices and individual and organizational outcomes. A total of 202 responses from non-supervisory employees and 38 from supervisors, from 7 hotels in Algarve, were collected and analysed. HRM practices were grouped int...

  10. The impact of complaint management and service quality on organizational image: A case study at the Malaysian public university library

    Tan, Pei Kian; Mohd Suradi, Nur Riza; Saludin, Mohamad Nasir

    2013-04-01

    Service failure frequently occurs. This affects customer expectations which lead to complaint. However, not all dissatisfied customers actually complain. Without customer feedback, it would be impossible for a company to know whether they needed a change for improvement. Thus, complaint management brings a learning experience to organization in order to provide better service. Therefore, it is important to identify customer dissatisfaction through a systematic complaint handling or management. The study proposes a model of systematic complaint management which applied to academic library as a tool of service recovery. As such, the main purpose of this study is to investigate the critical success factors of complaint management towards service quality, customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and the impact to organizational image at academic library. Three academic libraries have been identified and selected for this project, the Library of Tun Sri Lanang, UKM, UTeM and UNIMAS. Using the justice theory, this study investigates the perception of customers on complaint management in terms of outcomes they receive, procedures used by organization and interpersonal treatment. In this study, there are five factors of complaint management identified, which includes speed of recovery, management system, empowerment, culture and psychology and tangible compensation. A questionnaire was designed and used as the data gathering instrument. A total of 600 respondents participated in this study. Ten hypotheses were used to test the relationships between complaint management, service quality, customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and organizational image. To measure the construct relationships, Structural Equation Model (SEM) approach was used. The results show that management system (b = 0.210; p 0.05) do not influence service quality. The second part of this study uses confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to analyze and confirm the conceptual model proposed in this research