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Sample records for acceptance organizational impact

  1. Studying Impact of Organizational Factors in Information Technology Acceptance in Accounting Occupation by Use of TAM Model (Iranian Case Study)

    Akbar Allahyari; Morteza Ramazani

    2012-01-01

    Nowadays, information technology attitudes as the beneficial part of industry, economic and culture. Accounting posits as profession that provide information for decision- making of users and in the complex world, organizations must use information technology to present information for users in time. This research is by purpose of studying impact of organizational factors in information technology acceptance by use of TAM model in study descriptive-surveying method that researcher has used to...

  2. Studying Impact of Organizational Factors in Information Technology Acceptance in Accounting Occupation by Use of TAM Model (Iranian Case Study

    Akbar Allahyari

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, information technology attitudes as the beneficial part of industry, economic and culture. Accounting posits as profession that provide information for decision- making of users and in the complex world, organizations must use information technology to present information for users in time. This research is by purpose of studying impact of organizational factors in information technology acceptance by use of TAM model in study descriptive-surveying method that researcher has used to reach research objectives of descriptive and inferential statistics and research results is indicated lack of perceived ease of use by accountants.

  3. Teleconsultation service to improve healthcare in rural areas: acceptance, organizational impact and appropriateness

    Borghi Gabriella

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Nowadays, new organisational strategies should be indentified to improve primary care and its link with secondary care in terms of efficacy and timeliness of interventions thus preventing unnecessary hospital accesses and costs saving for the health system. The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of the use of teleconsultation by general practitioners in rural areas. Methods General practitioners were provided with a teleconsultation service from 2006 to 2008 to obtain a second opinion for cardiac, dermatological and diabetic problems. Access, acceptance, organisational impact, effectiveness and economics data were collected. Clinical and access data were systematically entered in a database while acceptance and organisational data were evaluated through ad hoc questionnaires. Results There were 957 teleconsultation contacts which resulted in access to health care services for 812 symptomatic patients living in 30 rural communities. Through the teleconsultation service, 48 general practitioners improved the appropriateness of primary care and the integration with secondary care. In fact, the level of concordance between intentions and consultations for cardiac problems was equal to 9%, in 86% of the cases the service entailed a saving of resources and in 5% of the cases, it improved the timeliness. 95% of the GPs considered the overall quality positively. For a future routine use of this service, trust in specialists, duration and workload of teleconsultations and reimbursement should be taken into account. Conclusions Managerial and policy implications emerged mainly related to the support to GPs in the provision of high quality primary care and decision-making processes in promoting similar services.

  4. The impact of employee’s perception of organizational climate on their technology acceptance toward e-learning in South Korea

    Sun Joo Yoo; Wen-Hao Huang; Da Ye Lee

    2012-01-01

    To better understand the relationship between e-learning integration and organizational factors in South Korea, this study explored the influence of employees’ perceptions of organizational climate on their technology acceptances toward e-learning in the workplace of South Korea. Employees’ perceptions of organizational climate was evaluated using Litwin & Stringer’s Organizational Climate Questionnaire (LSOCQ) and employees’ technology acceptance toward e-learning was measured by the Unified...

  5. The influence of organizational and national culture on the acceptance of organizational change: Empirical study in Serbian enterprises

    Šapić Srđan; Erić Jelena; Stojanović-Aleksić Vesna

    2009-01-01

    Organizational culture is one of the most important factors influencing the process of organizational change. As such it is the object of research and analysis in this paper. Key values held by the employees that impact the formation of organizational culture, as well as the feedback organizational culture has in determining organizational processes are explored. Different relevant classifications of organizational cultures are described depending on research focus. Special consideration is g...

  6. Study the effect of the organizational factors on the acceptance using combined heat and power Generation plants (small-scale generation) by organizational Consumers

    Mehdi Momeni; Mohammad Rahim Esfidani; Ali Heidari

    2012-01-01

    The main goal of this research was studied the role of the organizational factors on the acceptance using combined heat and power generation plants by organizational consumers. Organizational factors include the seven variables of organizational values, perception, organization representatives, organizational goals and tasks, organization, technology, organizational structure and organizational resources. Its methods was descriptive-survey and applied research. To gather information from ques...

  7. ICT and its impact on organizational learning

    Diego CARDONA

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the impact of the Information and Communications Technology – ICT at organizational learning through a review of the state of the art in this field. First, it addresses the basic concepts of knowledge society, the process of change due to a postmodern era and its implications for organizational learning. Additionally, it addresses the concept of ICT, its development, components and a relevant discussion concerning the difference among data, information and knowledge that are necessary for the accuracy of organizational learning. Finally, it presents the definition of organizational learning observed from the organization itself and describes a series of studies of the impact of ICTs on organizational learning and through this into the increasing productivity and innovation.

  8. Impact of Leadership on Organizational Performance

    Ullah, Anees

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the study was to find out the impact of leadership behaviors on organizational performance. The main objectives of the study were to find out the concepts and types of leadership behaviors and investigate the impact of leadership behavior on organizational performance in the case company D&R Cambric Communication. The research also described the performance of the organizations in service sector because of the good leadership qualities. The leadership theories and different behavio...

  9. Trust, Isolation, and Presence: The Virtual Work Environment and Acceptance of Deep Organizational Change

    Rose, Laurence Michael

    2013-01-01

    The primary focus of this research was to explore through the use of a grounded theory methodology if the human perceptions of trust, isolation, and presence affected the virtual workers ability to accept deep organizational change. The study found that the virtual workers in the sample defined their acceptance of deep organizational change by…

  10. Impact on Organizational Climate trough Organizational Culture factors. Case Study of Latvia and Lithuania

    Iljins, Juris; Skvarciany, Viktorija; Gaile-Sarkane, Elīna

    2015-01-01

    Purpose of the article: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of organizational culture on organizational climate in process of change. For solving this problem, it is necessary to identify the main factors of organizational culture in the change process. After exploring the impact of organizational culture on organizational climate through distinguished culture’s factors, article examines how changes can be processed in different cultural environments. Methodology. The resea...

  11. The influence of organizational and national culture on the acceptance of organizational change: Empirical study in Serbian enterprises

    Šapić Srđan

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Organizational culture is one of the most important factors influencing the process of organizational change. As such it is the object of research and analysis in this paper. Key values held by the employees that impact the formation of organizational culture, as well as the feedback organizational culture has in determining organizational processes are explored. Different relevant classifications of organizational cultures are described depending on research focus. Special consideration is given to the effect national cultural attributes have in this interaction. The specific contribution of this paper consists of presenting a study conducted within a sample of twenty Serbian corporations, in order to identify and examine some specific characteristics of organizational culture generated by the unique cultural attributes of this region. Presented results suggest a bureaucratic organizational culture, dominance of the directive leadership style, and a significant level of resistance to change in domestic corporations. The main goal of the research is to provide evidence for thesis that the process of initiating and implementing organizational changes is determined by national and organizational culture, based on values that promote inclination toward change.

  12. THE IMPACT OF LEADERSHIP ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE

    Raluca-Elena HURDUZEU

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available An organization is considered to be effective if it finds the balance between the demands of various stakeholders (owners, employees, customers, community and the needs of the employees. We believe that an appropriate leadership style can influence and ensure the prosperity and the economic growth of both the organization and employees. Therefore, the aim of the paper is to explore the impact of leadership styles on the organizational performance. Our main focus is on transformational leadership and its role in facilitating the increase in organizational performance. Transformational leaders inspire individuals within the organizations to work harder and to strive for the highest levels of performance. We begin by underlining the connection between transformational leadership and organizational performance, we provide examples on transformational leadership practices’ impact the organizations and we conclude by making some future research propositions.

  13. The Impact of Organizational Justice on Turnover Intention of Bankers of KPK, Pakistan: The Mediator Role of Organizational Commitment

    Norhani Bakri

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this research was to investigate the mediating effect of organizational commitment between organizational justice and turnover Intention of bankers, Pakistan. Data were collected through organizational commitment questionnaire, organizational justice questionnaire and turnover Intention questionnaire from 177 bankers of KPK, Pakistan. Results showed that organizational justice had a significant positive relationship with organizational commitment and negative relationship with turnover Intention. It was also found that organizational commitment had a significant negative relationship with turnover Intention. Confirmatory factor analysis explored that the measurement model of organizational justice, organizational commitment and turnover Intention fit the sample data very well. Organizational justice showed a direct impact of -68 on turnover Intention. The impact of organizational justice on turnover Intention came down to -22% when organizational commitment as mediator was included. Organizational commitment mediated the role between organizational justice and turnover Intention. Furthermore, OJ showed a significant impact of 68% on organizational commitment that led to -72% impact on turnover Intention.

  14. THE IMPACT OF LEADERSHIP ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE

    Raluca-Elena HURDUZEU

    2015-01-01

    An organization is considered to be effective if it finds the balance between the demands of various stakeholders (owners, employees, customers, community) and the needs of the employees. We believe that an appropriate leadership style can influence and ensure the prosperity and the economic growth of both the organization and employees. Therefore, the aim of the paper is to explore the impact of leadership styles on the organizational performance. Our main focus is on transformational leader...

  15. The Impact of Organizational Envy on Organizational Climate Created among Employees: An Application in Accommodation Enterprises

    Aziz Gökhan Özkoç; Nurgül Çaliskan

    2014-01-01

    Expression of individuals’ emotional intelligence is an important factor to reach success in organizational life as well as daily life. Positive or negative emotions of employees have the potential to affect the organizational climate created through their relationship between each other in a positive or negative way. In this study, the impact of envy –which is a new issue in organizational behavior literature– on organizational climate, which has an important role in organizations’ realizati...

  16. THE MUTUAL IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE AND STRUCTURE

    Janićijević Nebojša

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores the relationship between the structure and culture of an organization. The starting assumption is that organizational structure and organizational culture impact each other, and that there is a causal relationship due to which the agreement of the two components of organization leads to better performance. First, the mechanism through which organizational culture impacts the design of organizational structures and the manner in which org...

  17. Study the effect of the organizational factors on the acceptance using combined heat and power Generation plants (small-scale generation by organizational Consumers

    Mehdi Momeni

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this research is to study the influence of organizational factors on the acceptance of using combined heat and power generation plants by organizational consumers. Organizational factors include the seven variables of organizational values, perception, organization representatives, organizational goals and tasks, organization, technology, organizational structure and organizational resources. Research method is typically descriptive-survey and applied based. Questionnaire has been used for data collection. The questionnaire has been developed based on theoretical principles and six points Likert spectrum. Content validity of questionnaires has been positively approved by scholars and experts. Data reliability has been computed using Cronbach’s alpha coefficient as 0.955, which is satisfactory. Descriptive and inferential statistics (correlation analysis, regression and T-test have been used for data analysis. Findings imply that i all of the above-mentioned variables influence the acceptance of power plants CHP (small-scale generation by the organizational consumers, significantly; and ii the order of importance and influence of organizational factors include organizational resources, organizational goals and tasks, perception, organization representatives, technology, organizational values, and organizational structure, respectively.

  18. Impact of Satisfaction and Commitment on Teachers' Organizational Citizenship

    Sesen, Harun; Basim, Nejat H.

    2012-01-01

    This study examined the impact of job satisfaction and organizational commitment on teachers' organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) in a structural equation model. The study was employed to a group of teachers and their supervisors. The results indicated that job satisfaction and commitment to the school had an impact on OCBs of the teachers…

  19. The Impact of Teachers' Organizational Trust Perceptions on Organizational Cynicism Perception

    Polat, Soner

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is to present the impact of primary school teachers' organizational trust perceptions on organizational cynicism. The research is based on descriptive survey model, with its population consisting of teachers working in primary schools in Korfez District of Kocaeli Province. Sampling was not needed and preferred as it was…

  20. SHAPING ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE. THE IMPACT ON PERFORMANCE

    CRISTIAN ODAGIU

    2011-01-01

    Understanding and manipulating organizational culture to improve performance is of particular interest in the light of the modernization programme within the public sector. Bibliographic sources of information from the national and international literature on organizational culture provided a picture of cultural management issues in relation to explain dynamics that can be used to manipulate culture to accentuate change. A good practice example of managing organizational culture in terms of i...

  1. The Impact of Organizational Learning on Innovativeness in Spanish Companies

    de Pablo González Del Campo, Jesús David Sánchez; Škerlavaj, Miha

    Innovativeness is a key factor regarding the survival and progress of a company in modern business environments. The question is how to facilitate innovativeness in organizations. This article studies the impact of the organizational learning process on innovativeness. We understand innovativeness as a combination of (1) innovative culture and (2) technological and process innovation. Organizational learning is a consecutive process of (1) information acquisition, (2) information distribution, (3) information interpretation, and (4) behavioral and cognitive changes. New knowledge obtained through organizational learning improves innovativeness. As a methodological framework, we use the partial least square (PLS) approach to structural equation modeling on data from 107 Spanish companies. The results show that organizational learning has a strong positive direct impact on process, product, and service innovations. In addition, the impact of organizational learning on innovation is also indirect, via innovative culture.

  2. Attitudes of cynicism, fear and acceptance with the organizational change in a group of executives in Lima (Peru).

    Saravia Vergara, Enrique

    2016-01-01

    The paper analyzes, exploratory level, validation of questionnaire to measure attitudes toward organizational change proposed by the Rabelo, Ros and Torres. The study led to 23 executives in Lima, obtained high levels of reliability and validity for each of the three-dimensional model of attitudes toward organizational change proposed by the authors: "attitudes of cynicism", "attitudes of fear" and "attitudes acceptance" to organizational change. However, factor analysis of each of the three ...

  3. Impact of Perceived Organizational Justice on Organizational Commitment of Faculty: Empirical Evidence from Pakistan

    Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ehsan Malik; Basharat Naeem

    2011-01-01

    Research in perceived organizational justice got paramount importance in business organizations context by management researchers and psychologist for the last more than 35 years considering its empirically endorsed impact on numerous workforce behaviors and attitudes such as job satisfaction, extra-role performance, organizational commitment, job performance, motivation, trust and turnover intentions. However, scant literature shed light on whether or not teachers’ fairness perceptions reg...

  4. The impact of employee communication and perceived external prestige on organizational identification

    Smidts, Ale; Pruyn, Ad Th.H.; Riel, van Cees B.M.

    2001-01-01

    Employees' organizational identification was measured in three organizations. Results show that employee communication augments perceived external prestige and helps explain organizational identification. Communication climate plays a central role, mediating the impact on organizational identificati

  5. Impact of Organizational Culture and Influence Tactics on Transformational Leadership

    Shuchi Mehta; Venkat R. Krishnan

    2004-01-01

    Impact of organizational culture (strong and weak) and use of influence tactics (soft and hard) on transformational leadership was studied using a 2 × 2 experimental design and a sample of 120 executives in a large manufacturing firm in eastern India. Results of analyses of variance show that leaders are seen as more transformational if the organizational culture is strong rather than weak, and if leaders use soft influence tactics rather than hard tactics. Transformational leadership is the ...

  6. Transactional and transformational leadership impacts on organizational learning

    Zagorsek, Hugo; Dimovski, Vlado; Skerlavaj, Miha

    2009-01-01

    This study empirically relates two important areas of management research: the full-range theory of leadership and the organizational learning process. Specifically, this contribution addresses three issues: (1) the impact of transformational leadership and (2) of transactional leadership on the organizational learning process and (3) whether the influence of transformational leadership is stronger than of a transactional type of leadership. The results show that transformational leadership h...

  7. The Impact of Group Cohesiveness on Organizational Performance: The Nigerian Case

    Adeleke Oladapo Banwo; Jianguo Du; Uchechi Onokala

    2015-01-01

    Several scholarly studies have associated strong group performance with a high level of group cohesion among the members. In this study, we investigated the impact of group cohesion on organizational performance using Carron, Widmeyer, and Brawley group environment questionnaire and Beauchamp, Bray and Carron (2002) role perception and acceptance scale administered to 180 employees in four branches of a commercial bank in Nigeria. The questionnaire was divided into three sections: demographic...

  8. Electronic commerce and the organizational impact

    Vasile Florescu; Valentin Dumitru

    2007-01-01

    E-commerce quickly becomes an instrument of strategic importance for companies. Choosing e-commerce supposes developing and deploying intercompanies architectures supported by the use of information technologies and communications (IT&C) and especially by the Internet technology in commercial transactions and also in evaluating the changes made within the company. Changes’` management is a condition for the success or failure of the e-commerce. Research in organizational changes brought by th...

  9. Organizational Change and Impact of IT

    Carugati, Andrea; Mola, Lapo

    2008-01-01

    improvements and therefore they need to stop thinking in terms of projects - with a defined goal and timeframe - and start thinking in terms of change processes. However, while much research has been conducted on IT related change, social, organizational, and behavioral consequences associated with information...... systems continue to present complex challenges to researchers and practitioners. Changing the mindset and learning from change management successes as well as failures is a survival imperative for any organization....

  10. The impact of selected organizational variables and managerial leadership on radiation therapists' organizational commitment

    Akroyd, Duane [Department of Adult and Community College Education, College of Education, Campus Box 7801, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695 (United States)], E-mail: duane_akroyd@ncsu.edu; Legg, Jeff [Department of Radiologic Sciences, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23284 (United States); Jackowski, Melissa B. [Division of Radiologic Sciences, University of North Carolina School of Medicine 27599 (United States); Adams, Robert D. [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of North Carolina School of Medicine 27599 (United States)

    2009-05-15

    The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of selected organizational factors and the leadership behavior of supervisors on radiation therapists' commitment to their organizations. The population for this study consists of all full time clinical radiation therapists registered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) in the United States. A random sample of 800 radiation therapists was obtained from the ARRT for this study. Questionnaires were mailed to all participants and measured organizational variables; managerial leadership variable and three components of organizational commitment (affective, continuance and normative). It was determined that organizational support, and leadership behavior of supervisors each had a significant and positive affect on normative and affective commitment of radiation therapists and each of the models predicted over 40% of the variance in radiation therapists organizational commitment. This study examined radiation therapists' commitment to their organizations and found that affective (emotional attachment to the organization) and normative (feelings of obligation to the organization) commitments were more important than continuance commitment (awareness of the costs of leaving the organization). This study can help radiation oncology administrators and physicians to understand the values their radiation therapy employees hold that are predictive of their commitment to the organization. A crucial result of the study is the importance of the perceived support of the organization and the leadership skills of managers/supervisors on radiation therapists' commitment to the organization.

  11. The impact of selected organizational variables and managerial leadership on radiation therapists' organizational commitment

    The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of selected organizational factors and the leadership behavior of supervisors on radiation therapists' commitment to their organizations. The population for this study consists of all full time clinical radiation therapists registered by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists (ARRT) in the United States. A random sample of 800 radiation therapists was obtained from the ARRT for this study. Questionnaires were mailed to all participants and measured organizational variables; managerial leadership variable and three components of organizational commitment (affective, continuance and normative). It was determined that organizational support, and leadership behavior of supervisors each had a significant and positive affect on normative and affective commitment of radiation therapists and each of the models predicted over 40% of the variance in radiation therapists organizational commitment. This study examined radiation therapists' commitment to their organizations and found that affective (emotional attachment to the organization) and normative (feelings of obligation to the organization) commitments were more important than continuance commitment (awareness of the costs of leaving the organization). This study can help radiation oncology administrators and physicians to understand the values their radiation therapy employees hold that are predictive of their commitment to the organization. A crucial result of the study is the importance of the perceived support of the organization and the leadership skills of managers/supervisors on radiation therapists' commitment to the organization.

  12. Employee Perceptions of Corporate Reputation and Impact of The Perceptions on Organizational Pride, Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction: A Study on the East Marmara Region Plastic Packaging Industry

    Çekmecelioğlu, Hülya Gündüz; Dinçel, Güler

    2014-01-01

    Corporate reputation accepted as one of the strategic sources is corporate assets which add value to firm and has long-term benefits. Due to the increasing importance, in the recent years, corporate reputation has been an interesting subject for academicians along with the business world. The aim of this study is to examine how employees perceive the corporate reputation of the enterprises operating in plastic packaging industry and the impact of these perceptions on organizational pride, job...

  13. Impact of yoga way of life on organizational performance

    Adhia Hasmukh

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Organizational performance can be attributed to a number of factors. However, there are certain organizational factors, the presence or absence of which can determine the success or failure of the organization. There are different ways in which organizations try to improve their performance by working on such factors. In the research presented in this article, an attempt is made to find out whether adoption of the Yoga Way of Life by managers can have a positive impact on such organizational performance indicators. Aims: To measure effect of yoga way of life on five different indicators through an empirical study. Materials and Methods: The five indicators are job satisfaction, job involvement, goal orientation, affective organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior. Statistics Analysis: Pre- and post-data was measured using self-reported questionnaire. Independent T-test (Paired and Pearson′s correlation test were conducted using SPSS. Results and Conclusion: The results of the study show that Yoga has a significant positive impact on four out of five of these indicators. Only job involvement does not show significant improvement. The construct used for measuring job involvement had a Chronbach alpha of 0.613, which is an indicator of moderate reliability, which could be the main reason for not getting positive result.

  14. The Impact of Skinner's "Verbal Behavior" on Organizational Behavior Management

    Fox, Eric J.; VanStelle, Sarah E.

    2010-01-01

    In the book "Verbal Behavior," Skinner provided a comprehensive, behavioral account of language. While the impact of Skinner's analysis on empirical research has been examined broadly, this review of the literature focused on studies relevant to organizational behavior management (OBM). Both empirical and nonempirical journal articles in OBM were…

  15. Impact Of Leadership Styles On Employee Organizational Commitment

    Sharon Clinebell; Vida Škudienė; Renata Trijonyte; James Reardon

    2013-01-01

    This research study examines the relationship between transformational, transactional and passive/avoidant leadership styles and three dimensions of organizational commitment – affective, continuance, and normative in two subsidiaries of one multinational organization. The research findings revealed that transformational leadership has the strongest impact on affective commitment, although transactional leadership also affects affective commitment. Transformational leadership also has a signi...

  16. The Impact of Strategic Human Resource Management on Organizational Performance

    Luftim CANIA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Organizational performance is getting more and more important, especially in a market with greater competition and dynamic. Organizational performance is measured through different indicators. It guarantees the continuity of the organization to be competitive in a global marketplace. Normally, the implementation of performance indicators achieved through human resources. Human resources are the key for keeping the organization in the market so competitive. These human resources need to be managed effectively to achieve the required performance of the organization. It is necessary to manage strategically the human resources and to adapt at its strategy with organizational strategy. The aim of this study is focused on the impact of the strategic management of human resource in achieving organizational performance. This study was conducted based on primary and secondary sources. How much organizations appear competitive in the market through achieving the performance indicators? How important is the management of human resources in achieving organizational performance? So, through the skills, behaviors and attitudes would be expected by human resources to achieve the required performance in the organization.

  17. Study the effect of the organizational factors on the acceptance using combined heat and power Generation plants (small-scale generation by organizational Consumers

    mohammadRahim Esfidani

    2012-09-01

    2.\tOrder of importance and influence of organizational factors to be organizational resources, organizational goals and tasks, perception, organization representatives, technology, organizational values, and organizational structure respectively.

  18. Gender and Leadership Aspiration: The Impact of the Organizational Environment

    Erlemann, C.

    2016-01-01

    markdownabstractSummary The aim of this dissertation is to examine gender differences in leadership aspiration. Although some important work regarding gender-specific aspiration has been done already, conditions fostering leadership aspiration – particularly among women – are not completely understood. Therefore, the focus of this dissertation is on assessing the potential impact of the organizational environment, including formal and informal elements, as well as relevant actors and their re...

  19. The impact of Islamic leadership on organizational Objectives

    Yasir Majeed; Zulqarnain Khalid; Dr. Muhamamd Aslam Khan

    2011-01-01

    It is our pleasure to present this research on Islamic leadership on organization performance, which has been conducted in an attempt to develop standards for organization. During preparation of this report, consideration is given to showing basic principles of Islamic leadership and its impact on organizational performance. Shariah advisors and their mrelationship with the value addition of the organization is also discussed. To conclude that Islamic leadership is good or bad for our society...

  20. Generational Differences Impact On Leadership Style And Organizational Success

    Mecca M. Salahuddin

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Many factors can affect organizational success. One factor that is important to organizational success is effective leadership.  Research has shown there are differences in leadership style among generations.  A cohort- group whose length approximates the span of life and boundaries and fixed by peer personality defines a generation.  The purpose of this paper is to review the current leadership styles and generational differences literature.  The paper examines whether there is a relationship between leadership style and generational cohort and its potential impact on organizational success.  Structured interviews were conducted with individuals representing each generation.  Five open-ended questions were asked to participants to determine the generation they identified. In addition, participants used a 1-10 ranking scale to identify preferred characteristics in admired leaders.  The interviews demonstrated there are difference and similarities among the generations.  Veterans and Generation Xers view honesty as important core values.  Both express the need for communication in bridging the communication gap.  Differences related to Baby Boomer belief in self-commitment and Veterans recognizing the importance with surrounding yourself with others.  The author recommends researchers continue to examine, using an empirical method, generational differences and leadership styles to understand its affect on organizational success.

  1. Spiritual Matter on Television: Organizational Impacts

    Nurat Kara

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In this study, reflection of impact of opinions of television organizations owners is discussed that the most of television organizations are commercial establishments, and much spiritual impacts of television organizations on broadcast and efforts to dictate ideological opinions of capital owners as a life style is evaluated. Primary purpose of organizations is profit and, as well, to respond some social necessities but beside this there are certain organizations that sometimes intend to convey ideological opinions and spritual approaches and aim to get supporters. Most of television organizations firstly are trying to profit, and then are trying to respond any social necessities in general organization principles; and in broadcast of many television organizations ideological approaches or religious opinions are fore. Television business organizations structure in different forms due to legal or functional dimensions and any individual or any groups at the top of organization are effective on content of broadcasting.Television organization administrators sometimes are planning to profit and, as well, reflect their spritual approaches and opinions on television broadcast and convey their opinions to mass and hope the spectator will support their opinions. This approach removes objective principles of television organization and television broadcasting changes into ideological propaganda if spiritual approach of television organization owner is regarded much in broadcasting excessively. It can be discussed objectivity of television organization due to reflection of spiritual approach on broadcasting in television organization and meanwhile the case steers capital owners who are planning to convey their ideological approaches to large masses and to have supporter, to have television organization.

  2. Children's Agricultural Safety Network: Evaluating Organizational Effectiveness and Impacts.

    Cramer, Mary E; Wendl, Mary J

    2015-01-01

    Coalitions that are effectively organized and led are more likely to achieve their intended program outcomes and impacts, as well as achieve sustainability. External evaluation of the coalition's governance and leadership can help identify strengths and areas for improvement. This article describes the evaluation of the Children's Agricultural Safety Network (CASN)-a national coalition, or network of 45 organizational members. The conceptual framework, Internal Coalition Outcomes Hierarchy, guided the evaluation. We used a mixed-methods approach to answer study's primary objectives from the perspective of CASN members and leaders for (a) organizational effectiveness, (b) network impact, and (c) member benefits. We collected quantitative data using a survey and the Internal Coalition Effectiveness (ICE) instrument. Focused interviews were conducted by phone to gather rich data on examples. Combined findings showed that both members and leaders rated the CASN effective in all construct areas that define successful coalitions. Members feel as invested in CASN success as do leaders. The major impact of CASN has been as a national leader and clearinghouse for childhood safety issues, and the most frequently cited example of impact was the national tractor safety campaign. Members identified the benefits of CASN membership as networking, resource sharing, and opportunities to enhance their knowledge, skills, and practices in the area. Members also valued the national attention that CASN was able to bring to the important issues in childhood agricultural safety. Suggestions for improvement were to focus on more research to improve best practices and strengthen dissemination and implementation science. PMID:25906269

  3. Mediating Role of Perceived Organizational Support on the Impact of Psychol ogical Capital on Organizational Identification

    Haluk Erdem

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Employees’ loyalty toward organizations is decreasing gradually recently. This phenomenon negatively affects the dimensions of organizational behavior directly or indirectly. In this study, the effect of psychological capital on organizational identification, and the mediating role of perceived org anizational support in this association are explored. Thereby, data based on the government employees in Bitlis Province (n=478 are analyzed (exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, regression analysis and it is supported that psychological capital increases positively and significantly perceived organizational support and organizational identification. Besides, the mediating role of organizational support in the association between psychological capital and organizational identification is supporte d using tree step regression analysis and Sobel Test

  4. A study to measure the impact of organizational culture and organizational excellence

    Asghar Nikbakht Elham Nikbakht

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Organizational culture plays an important role on increasing organization excellence and there are many evidences through different studies on this relationship. In this paper, we re-examine this relation between organizational culture and six other important factors including quality of leadership, quality of different strategies, quality of human resources, quality of participating in organizational resources, quality of organizational processes and methods of assessment. The study was held among 70 employees of one of distance learning universities located in province of Esfahan, Iran. The study uses Pearson correlation ratio as well as linear regression technique to investigate the relationships. The results confirmed that there are positive and meaningful relationship between organizational culture and quality of leadership, quality of different strategies, quality of human resources, quality of participating in organizational resources, quality of organizational processes but it does not find any meaningful relationship between organizational culture and methods of assessment.

  5. A study to measure the impact of organizational culture and organizational excellence

    Asghar Nikbakht Elham Nikbakht; Ali Soleimani Rad; Mohammad Reza Iravani

    2012-01-01

    Organizational culture plays an important role on increasing organization excellence and there are many evidences through different studies on this relationship. In this paper, we re-examine this relation between organizational culture and six other important factors including quality of leadership, quality of different strategies, quality of human resources, quality of participating in organizational resources, quality of organizational processes and methods of assessment. The study was held...

  6. Impact Of Leadership Styles On Employee Organizational Commitment

    Sharon Clinebell

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available This research study examines the relationship between transformational, transactional and passive/avoidant leadership styles and three dimensions of organizational commitment – affective, continuance, and normative in two subsidiaries of one multinational organization. The research findings revealed that transformational leadership has the strongest impact on affective commitment, although transactional leadership also affects affective commitment. Transformational leadership also has a significant positive affect on normative commitment. Transactional leadership has a significant positive affect on continuance commitment and positive/avoidant leadership has a significant negative affect on affective commitment.

  7. IMPACT OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL LEARNING ON DIFFERENT DIMENSIONS OF ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE: A CASE STUDY OF ASIAN FOOD INDUSTRY

    HUANG HUI, CHE WAN JASIMAHBT WAN MOHAMED RADZI, HASHEMSALARZADEH JENATABADI MARYAM KHEIROLLAHPOUR &SON RADU

    2013-01-01

    The main purpose of the study is to establish the relationships between knowledge management (KM) and organizational learning (OL), and their impact on three different dimensions of organizational performance (OP)in manufacturing food industries. 172 companies in food industry were selected in China, Taiwan and Malaysia, and structural equation modeling (SEM) is applied to test the hypotheses in the research model. The results show that KM and OL have positive effect on three dimensions of OP.

  8. Knowledge management adoption and its impact on organizational learning and non-financial performance

    Yudho Giri Sucahyo; Diyah Utari; Nur Fitriah Ayuning Budi; Achmad Nizar Hidayanto; Dina Chahyati

    2016-01-01

    This paper aims to investigate the determinants of knowledge management (KM) adoption on organizational and individual level, as well as its impact on non-financial performance through an intermediary of organizational learning (“OL”). The KM adoption model was constructed by using a combination of TOE (Technology, Organizational and Environment) for the organizational level and TPE (Technology, Personal, and Environmental) framework for the individual level; this we called the TOPE (Technolo...

  9. Employees’ acceptance of knowledge management systems and its impact on creating learning organizations

    Sun Joo Yoo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Many organizations are eager to become learning organizations that are known to contribute to increased financial performance, innovation, and the retention of workers who possess valuable organizational knowledge. For this reason, knowledge management systems (KMSs in reality have been utilized as a means to foster the development of learning organizations. However, it remains questionable as to whether or not KMSs have any impact on the creation of learning organizations. Therefore, this study is designed to address this deficit and build a foundation for future research. Situated in theoretical frameworks pertinent to learning organizations and technology acceptance, a total of 327 datasets collected from three South Korean companies revealed that employees’ technology acceptances of KMSs could influence the creation of learning organizations in the workplaces of South Korea. The results showed that using KMSs influenced the development of learning organizations. To maximize the utilization of KMSs, the change management process should not be overlooked before and after the integration of technology.

  10. Impact of dietary plant protein levels on the consumer acceptability of senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup, 1858)

    Pereira, L.; Anjos, O.; Lima, R.C.; M. C. Cunha; Valente, L.; Cunha, L. M.

    2012-01-01

    The aim of the present work was to assess the impact of different vegetable diets in the sensory acceptability of Senegalese sole. This work was carried out by Project PROAMBIENTE for enhancing SMEs organizational and management structure to enter foreign markets. PROAMBIENTE has the financial support of Quadro de Referência Estratégico Nacional – QREN and Programa Operacional Regional do Norte – ON2, supported by the European fund for regional development FEDER.

  11. Mediating Role of Perceived Organizational Support on the Impact of Psychol ogical Capital on Organizational Identification

    Haluk Erdem; Yunus Gökmen; Ufuk Türen

    2015-01-01

    Employees’ loyalty toward organizations is decreasing gradually recently. This phenomenon negatively affects the dimensions of organizational behavior directly or indirectly. In this study, the effect of psychological capital on organizational identification, and the mediating role of perceived org anizational support in this association are explored. Thereby, data based on the government employees in Bitlis Province (n...

  12. The Impact of Organizational Culture and Job Related Affective Well Being on Employees’ Conflict Resolution Styles

    Nurdan Özarallı

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the impact of cooperative or competitive organizational culture and employees’ job related affective well being on their preferred conflict resolution styles. A total of 236 white collar employees in the private sector completed questionnaires on “Organizational Culture“, “Job Related Affective Well Being“and “Conflict Resolution Styles“. Results indicated that employees working in a cooperative organizational culture would choose problem solving, comprom...

  13. The Impact of Organizational Justice on Employee's Job Satisfaction: The Malaysian Companies Perspectives

    Choong K. Fatt; Edward W.S. Khin; Tioh N. Heng

    2010-01-01

    Problem statement: This research study analyzed the impact of organizational justice as encompassed by two components, namely distributive justice and procedural justice on employees job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intention. This study revealed a positive and significant relationship showing that the foundation of an employees job satisfaction and organizational commitment is within the application of both distributive and procedural justice, and this supports a sig...

  14. ORGANIZATIONAL STRESS AND ITS IMPACT ON WORK PERFORMANCE

    Costin Madalina - Adriana

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, in times of economic crisis, most managers or entrepreneurs have to cope with a lot of new job challenges which can easily transform into stressors. Work related stress is of growing concern because it has significant economic implications for the organization. Even if some stress is a normal part of life, excessive stress can influence one's productivity, health and emotions and it has to be taken under control. When people lose confidence, they refuse to take responsibilities, they get quickly irritated, they are unsatisfied of their job, their performance will be very low and the organization will be in danger. Fortunately, most managers and entrepreneurs know which stress main symptoms are and have the necessary knowledge for managing and reducing it before it can affect employees' daily work. Stress can have an impact both on the organizational welfare and on personal behavior of supervisors or employees, that's why, the ability of managing it can make the difference between job's success or failure. The purpose of this paper is to study Romanian managers and entrepreneurs from Bihor County's perception regarding the stress phenomenon, if they feel that they are affected by stress, if they promote some methods to reduce it and if they consider that stress can influence the organizational performance. As a research method we used an online questionnaire, applied to a number of 75 managers and entrepreneurs that represent the target group of the project "Flexibility and performance through management", project financed by the European Social Fund - "Invest in people". Each participant had to answer a number of 35 questions regarding stress and the results will be presented in this paper. The main conclusion is that, even if job itself is seen as a stressor, there are other important factors that can produce stress such as: family problems, personal problems or social problems.

  15. Impacts of Organizational Culture on the Practice of Management

    安然

    2013-01-01

      Organizational culture has received increasing attention in recent years both from academics and practioners. Many researchers have confirmed the influence of values on management theories. Barney regards organizational culture as a significant element in creating and implementing the best strategy for competitive advantage. Every thing has pros and cons, organization culture is no exception, and problems caused by organizational culture must be recognized as well, such as barriers to mergers and acquisitions.

  16. The Mutual Impact of Global Strategy and Organizational Learning

    Hotho, Jasper J.; Lyles, Marjorie A.; Easterby-Smith, Mark

    2015-01-01

    global strategy research to adopt a broader notion of organizational learning. Our second recommendation is for global strategy research to capitalize on its attention to context in order to inform and enhance organizational learning theory. We discuss the use of context in a number of common research...... designs and highlight how the scope for theoretical contributions back to organizational learning varies with the research design that is adopted....

  17. The impact of organizational culture on perceptions and experiences of sexual harassment

    Timmerman, M.C.; Bajema, C.W.

    2000-01-01

    In sexual harassment research, the importance of organizational variables has become increasingly clear. Utilizing the results of a survey conducted at a telecommunications company in 1997 (N = 458), this study elaborates on the impact of organizational culture on the incidence of unwanted sexual be

  18. Impact of School Managers' Altruist Behaviors upon Organizational Cynicism: The Case of Kocaeli, Turkey

    Konakli, Tugba

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this research is to determine the impact of school managers' altruist behaviors upon organizational cynicism by examining the relationship between school managers' altruist behaviors according to teachers and teachers' perceptions of organizational cynicism. The research sample consisted of 250 teachers employed in 15…

  19. Impact of Teachers' Perceptions of Organizational Support, Management Openness and Personality Traits on Voice

    Cetin, Sahin

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to study the impact of perceived organizational support and management openness and teacher personality traits on teacher voice. Voice is defined as the discretionary communication of ideas, suggestions or concerns about work-related issues with the intent to improve organizational functioning. Sample of the study…

  20. The Impact of Perceived Organizational Support on Positive Psycho logical Capacities: A Study of Nurses

    Gökhan Bitmiş

    2015-01-01

    This study investigates the impact of perceived organizational support on some positive psychological capacities. Optimism, hope, and self efficacy have employed in the context of this research. Data is collected by survey method from 161 nurses, who work for the hospitals of foundation universities in Ankara. Data is analyzed by the help of structural equation modeling. Results show that perceived organizational support positively a...

  1. The Impact of Organizational Factors on Safety. The Perspective of Experts from the Spanish Nuclear Sector

    Previous research supports the importance of organizational factors on safety in high reliability organizations. This study aims to determine the impact of those factors in the Spanish nuclear sector. Particularly, this study focuses on examining the role of performance indicators, organizational culture, organizational factors, and organizational context. With that purpose, an electronic survey addressed to experts from the Spanish nuclear sector was carried out. Results showed that performance indicators are well-known among industry experts and are perceived as useful for improving performance. Behavioural norms that influence safety and some relevant factors that promote problem identification were identified. Additionally, findings suggested that organizational context must be taken into account to better understand the role of organizational culture. Moreover, industry experts pointed out organizational factors to be improved: organizational communication processes within the organization, positive reinforcement, and field supervisors practices. Finally, findings supported the influence of organizational context on safety. It is noteworthy the role of the social impact of international events (e.g., Chernobyl...), the relationship with the regulator and the legislative and governmental framework. (Author)

  2. The Impact of Organizational Justice on Turnover Intention of Bankers of KPK, Pakistan: The Mediator Role of Organizational Commitment

    Norhani Bakri; Nazim Ali

    2015-01-01

    The main purpose of this research was to investigate the mediating effect of organizational commitment between organizational justice and turnover Intention of bankers, Pakistan. Data were collected through organizational commitment questionnaire, organizational justice questionnaire and turnover Intention questionnaire from 177 bankers of KPK, Pakistan. Results showed that organizational justice had a significant positive relationship with organizational commitment and negative relationship ...

  3. Promoting Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Schools: The Impact of Individual and Organizational Characteristics

    Somech, Anit; Ron, Ifat

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The success of schools fundamentally depends on teachers' willingness to go above and beyond the call of duty, namely, to exhibit organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs). Attempts to understand the causes of OCB frequently focus on individual characteristics; only recently have researchers begun to direct their attention to more…

  4. Analysis of Information Systems Applied to Evaluating Tourism Service Quality Based on Organizational Impact

    Min Wei

    2012-01-01

    Organizational impact on information systems plays an important role for tourism managers’ attention towards improving tourism service quality. As tourism service quality depends on information systems, which is important to determine what aspects of organizational impact that are critical to the managers of tourism enterprises to devise effective tourism service quality improvement strategies. In this paper, the model of the relationship of information systems, tourism service quality ...

  5. Exploring the Impact of God Schema on Equal Opportunity Climate and Related Indicators of Organizational Effectiveness

    Findlay, Rolanda Alexis

    2009-01-01

    The present study explored the relationship between God schema and work place perceptions, specifically perceptions of equal opportunity (EO) climate and indicators of organizational effectiveness (OE). The first aim of this research was to investigate the impact of God schema (i.e., God schema patterns) on EO climate (i.e., collective EO climate patterns). The second aim of this research was to explore the impact of God schema, race, gender, and EO climate on indicators of organizational eff...

  6. Organizational Impacts due to ISO 9001 Certified Implementation on Brazilians Cardboard Companies

    Glaucia Aparecida Prates; Jose Claudio Caraschi

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the evaluation internal and external organizational impacts of a company that has adopted a total quality management system: ISO 9001 certification. Based on a case study, supported in bibliographic references in a cardboard sector company, the survey aims to measure and evaluate the basic concepts of quality and the certification benefits. Upon this study completion it was found that actually getting a certified ISO 9001 brings many organizational impacts and leads to ove...

  7. Generational Differences Impact On Leadership Style And Organizational Success

    Mecca M. Salahuddin

    2011-01-01

    Many factors can affect organizational success. One factor that is important to organizational success is effective leadership.  Research has shown there are differences in leadership style among generations.  A cohort- group whose length approximates the span of life and boundaries and fixed by peer personality defines a generation.  The purpose of this paper is to review the current leadership styles and generational differences literature.  The paper examines whether th...

  8. Impact of Organizational Characteristics on Employees’ Workplace Preferences

    Alperen Mustafa Yigit; Murat Koc; Sema Yigit

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to find the important attributes of organizations that effect employee choice, using conjoint analysis as an analytical tool. According to the purpose firstly 11 organizational attributes were determined based on relevant literature then the following five attributes of organizations were identified with a pilot study: pay level, social insurance, organizational reputation, working hours and transportation. Using subjects from a cement factory in Ordu, 105 respond...

  9. The Negative Impact of Organizational Cynicism on Physicians and Nurses

    Volpe, Rebecca L.; Mohammed, Susan; Hopkins, Margaret; Shapiro, Daniel; Dellasega, Cheryl

    2014-01-01

    Despite the potentially severe consequences that could result, there is a paucity of research on organizational cynicism within US healthcare providers. In response, this study investigated the effect of cynicism on organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and interest in leaving the hospital for another job in a sample of 205 physicians and 842 nurses. Three types of cynicism were investigated: trait (dispositional), global (directed toward the hospital), and local (directed toward a spe...

  10. The Impact of Strategic Human Resource Management on Organizational Performance

    Luftim CANIA

    2014-01-01

    Organizational performance is getting more and more important, especially in a market with greater competition and dynamic. Organizational performance is measured through different indicators. It guarantees the continuity of the organization to be competitive in a global marketplace. Normally, the implementation of performance indicators achieved through human resources. Human resources are the key for keeping the organization in the market so competitive. These human resources need to be man...

  11. The impact on innovation off-shoring on organizational adaptability

    Baier, Elisabeth; Rammer, Christian; Schuber, Torben

    2013-01-01

    We analyze the effects of captive off-shoring of innovation activities on the firms' ability to adapt their organizational processes and structures. Starting from complexity theory, we use three consecutive waves of the German part of the Community Innovation Survey to test our hypotheses. We find an inverted u-shape of innovation off-shoring on the effectiveness of organizational adaptability, implying an optimal threshold value of innovation off-shoring. This value is 11% for share of off-s...

  12. The negative impact of organizational cynicism on physicians and nurses.

    Volpe, Rebecca L; Mohammed, Susan; Hopkins, Margaret; Shapiro, Daniel; Dellasega, Cheryl

    2014-01-01

    Despite the potentially severe consequences that might result, there is a paucity of research on organizational cynicism within US health care providers. In response, this study investigated the effect of cynicism on organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and interest in leaving the hospital for another job in a sample of 205 physicians and 842 nurses. Three types of cynicism were investigated: trait (dispositional), global (directed toward the hospital), and local (directed toward a specific unit or department). Findings indicate that all 3 types of cynicism were negatively related to affective organizational commitment and job satisfaction, but positively related to interest in leaving. In both nurse and physician samples, cynicism explained about half of the variance in job satisfaction and affective commitment, which is the type of commitment managers are most eager to promote. Cynicism accounted for about a quarter and a third of the variance in interest in leaving the hospital for nurses and physicians, respectively. Trait, global, and local cynicism each accounted for unique variance in affective commitment, job satisfaction, and interest in leaving, with global cynicism exerting the largest influence on each outcome. The implications for managers are that activities aimed at decreasing organizational cynicism are likely to increase affective organizational commitment, job satisfaction, and organizational tenure. PMID:25350015

  13. The impact of work rewards on radiographers' organizational commitment.

    Akroyd, D; Mulkey, W; Utley-Smith, Q

    1995-01-01

    Organizational commitment is an affective work outcome that has been used to predict work-related behaviors such as turnover, absenteeism and intent-to-leave. There has been little research in organizational commitment for the allied health professions and no empirical studies in the radiologic sciences. The purpose of this study was to examine the predictive value of selected intrinsic and extrinsic work reward variables--involvement, significance, autonomy, general working conditions, supervision and salary--on staff radiographers' organizational commitment. In this study of 600 full-time staff radiographers in North and South Carolina, supervision (for ages 20-37 years) and involvement (for ages 38-66 years) were significant predictors of organizational commitment. The results of the study indicate that healthcare organizations should provide potential supervisors with managerial training, especially for radiographers who move to supervisory positions based on clinical skills and years of experience. In the long run, such programs are much less expensive than costs associated with replacing employees who leave the organization because of low organizational commitment. Also, management strategies and programs to redesign and enhance job tasks may help maintain or increase organizational commitment. PMID:10143137

  14. Organizational Justice and Perceived Organizational Support: Impact on Negative Work-Home Interference and Well-being Outcomes

    Audrey Babic

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available It is well established that negative work-home interference (NegWHI impacts upon several work attitudes and behaviors. In the interests of both organizational effectiveness and employee well-being, it is important to identify concepts related to NegWHI and investigate their effects on well-being outcomes. This study examines the mediating role of (1 perceived organizational support (POS in the relationship between organizational justice (OJ and NegWHI; and (2 NegWHI in the relationships between POS and four well-being outcomes. A total of 509 employees of a Belgian hospital were surveyed. Data were analyzed using structural equation modeling and the bootstrapping method. Results showed that POS partially mediates the relationships between distributive and passive procedural justice and NegWHI, and fully mediates the relationship between the other justice dimensions and NegWHI. NegWHI partially mediates the relationships between POS and both job satisfaction and intention to quit, and fully mediates the relationship between POS and job strain. Furthermore, POS is positively related to job engagement. This study showed that organizations can help employees to better manage their work and family lives and reduce the impact of NegWHI by enhancing employees’ feeling that they are supported by their organization. In order to increase POS, organizations need to promote justice in the workplace.

  15. The impact of ethical climate on turnover intentions and organizational performance

    Zahra Nikkhah Farkhani

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates the impact of ethical climate on turnover intentions and organizational performance based on the implementation of various techniques. The interview method was used to identify the factors of input and output. Required data were collected to measure performance of firms based on some documents. The survey method was used to study the ethical climate and turnover intentions. The impact of ethical climate on turnover intentions and organizational performance was evaluated. The information was analyzed based on different software packages including Deap2.1, SPSS.18 (PASW and Lisrel 8.1. The preliminary results indicate that organizational ethical climate positively impacts on sales representative performance and negatively influences on turnover Intentions. The highest positively correlations were between sales practices and organizational performance (r=0.48 and the highest negatively correlations were between sales practices and turnover intentions(r=-0.72.

  16. The impact of psychological empowerment and organizational commitment on Chines nurses' job satisfaction.

    Zhou, Wen-Bin; Ouyang, Yan-Qiong; Qu, Hui

    2014-11-10

    Abstract Background: Research findings have shown that job satisfaction of Chinese nurses is at a low level. Limited studies have focused on the impact of psychological empowerment and organizational commitment on job satisfaction of Chinese nurses. Aims: The aim of this study is to describe job satisfaction, psychological empowerment and organizational commitment of Chinese nurses and to explore the impact of psychological empowerment and organizational commitment on the nurses' job satisfaction. Methods: A total of 726 nurses were recruited in a convenience sample from 10 tertiary hospitals. Data were collected using four questionnaires including Job Satisfaction Survey, Psychological Empowerment Scale, Organizational Commitment Scale and Demographic Questionnaire. Descriptive analysis, correlation and stepwise multiple regression were used for data analysis. Results: Nurses' job satisfaction, psychological empowerment, and organizational commitment were identified at moderate levels. Nurses' job satisfaction and psychological empowerment were significantly different in terms of age and length of service; nurse job satisfaction varied with respect to marital status. Findings further indicated that nurse job satisfaction was positively correlated with psychological empowerment and organizational commitment. Psychological empowerment, organizational commitment, and marital status were significant predicting factors of nurse job satisfaction. Conclusions: This study provides evidence to help nursing managers and health policy-makers to develop intervention programs aimed at enhancing nurse job satisfaction and retaining nurses. PMID:25381702

  17. The impact of emotional dissonance on organizational commitment and intention to turnover.

    Abraham, R

    1999-07-01

    In the workplace, emotional dissonance is the conflict between experienced emotions and emotions expressed to conform to display rules. This study is an empirical examination of the impact of emotional dissonance on organizational criteria and its moderation by self-monitoring and social support. Emotional dissonance was theorized to stimulate turnover intentions, either solely through job dissatisfaction or through both job dissatisfaction and reduced organizational commitment. Job dissatisfaction was found to be the sole mediator. Emotional dissonance resulted in job dissatisfaction, which, in turn, stimulated withdrawal intentions. Self-monitoring and social support exerted moderator effects, albeit in opposing directions. Emotional dissonance aroused feelings of job dissatisfaction and reduced organizational commitment among high self-monitors. In contrast, social support lessened the negative impact of emotional dissonance on organizational commitment. PMID:10412221

  18. School Innovation: The Mutual Impacts of Organizational Learning and Creativity

    McCharen, Belinda; Song, JiHoon; Martens, Jon

    2011-01-01

    The primary aim of this research is to identify cultural determinants of organizational learning and knowledge creation practices, which could be the driving factors for the innovation process in school settings (Mulford, 1998; Silins et al., 2002). A conceptual process model for school innovation was developed. In contrast to previous approaches,…

  19. Financial management practices and their impact on organizational performance

    Butt, Babar Zaheer; Hunjra, Ahmed Imran; Rehman, Kashif-Ur-

    2010-01-01

    This study measures the relationship between organizational performance and financial management practices like capital structure decision, dividend policy, investment appraisal techniques, working capital management and financial performance assessment in Pakistani corporate sector. Sample of the study consisted of forty companies operating in Pakistan, related to different sectors and listed at Karachi Stock Exchange. The finance executives and financial analysts of the companies respon...

  20. Follower Behavior and Organizational Performance : the Impact of Transformational Leaders

    Boerner, Sabine; Eisenbeiss, Silke Astrid; Griesser, Daniel

    2007-01-01

    This study sheds light on the mediating processes by which transformational leadership influences follower performance and innovation, respectively. We hypothesize that transformational leaders boost follower performance by stimulating organizational citizenship behavior, whereas they enhance follower innovation by triggering controversial discussion of task related issues (debate). On the contrary, we do not expect these mediating effects to hold for the relationship between transactional le...

  1. Impact of Organizational Culture on Human Resource Practices: A Study of Selected Nigerian Private Universities

    Osibanjo Omotayo Adewale; Adeniji Adenike Anthonia

    2013-01-01

    This paper shows results of the impact of organizational culture on human resource practices in some selected Nigerian private universities. The statistical analysis was based on two hundred and thirty-seven respondents in the selected studied private universities showing that a close relationship exists between organizational culture and recruitment process, training programmes, job performance management, performance of employees, pay structure, and compensation administration. The paper su...

  2. ANALYSIS OF THE IMPACT OF THE SUPPLY CHAIN PERFORMANCE ON THE OVERALL ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE

    Florian Gyula Laszlo

    2013-01-01

    After presenting the multidimensionality of organizational performance and its specific in the context of a supply chain, this paper uses a Romanian dataset of firms to estimate the impact of different areas of performance in the context of a supply chain on the overall organizational performance. Analysis follows a balanced scorecards approach, identifying four areas of performances in the context of supply chains. Results show that financial, marketing and innovation do have a positive and ...

  3. The Impact of Perceived Organizational Support on Positive Psycho logical Capacities: A Study of Nurses

    Gökhan Bitmiş

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the impact of perceived organizational support on some positive psychological capacities. Optimism, hope, and self efficacy have employed in the context of this research. Data is collected by survey method from 161 nurses, who work for the hospitals of foundation universities in Ankara. Data is analyzed by the help of structural equation modeling. Results show that perceived organizational support positively and significantly affects the nurse’s positive psychological capacities of optimism, hope, and self efficacy.

  4. Supply Chain Management Practices Impact on the Healthcare Perceived Organizational Performance in Malaysia

    Meisam Karami; Maryam Joharishirazi; Saif-Ur-Rehman Khan; Muhammad Siddique

    2014-01-01

    The structure of the current study is based on to the prior studies on supply chain management practices and perceived organizational performance. The objective of the current study is to create a conceptual framework to investigating the link between supply chain management practices and healthcare’s perceived organizational performance that indicates the mediating impact of alliance integrated network in Malaysia. Dimensions of supply chain management practices such as demand management, in...

  5. Improving classroom practices: the impact of leadership, school organizational conditions, and teacher factors

    Sleegers, P.J.C.; Oort, F. J.; Peetsma, T.T.D.; Thoonen, E.E.J.

    2012-01-01

    Schools are challenged to improve classroom practices as they are expected to enhance students’ motivation. While leadership, school organizational conditions and teacher factors are considered essential for improving classroom practices, more should be known about the interplay between school internal conditions and their development over time to explain teacher learning and change. This book describes a study that gains more insight into the impact of leadership, school organizational condi...

  6. Organizational performance impacting patient satisfaction in Ontario hospitals: a multilevel analysis

    Koné Péfoyo, Anna J; Wodchis, Walter P.

    2013-01-01

    Background Patient satisfaction in health care constitutes an important component of organizational performance in the hospital setting. Satisfaction measures have been developed and used to evaluate and improve hospital performance, quality of care and physician practice. In order to direct improvement strategies, it is necessary to evaluate both individual and organizational factors that can impact patients’ perception of care. The study aims were to determine the dimensions of patient sati...

  7. The Impact of Adult Degree-Completion Programs on the Organizational Climate of Christian Colleges and Universities

    Giles, Pamela

    2010-01-01

    Leaders in Christian higher education are often unaware of how adult degree completion programs (ADCPs) impact a school's organizational behavior, and no research has examined employees' perceptions of its impact. This nonexperimental, descriptive study examined differences in employees' perceptions of the impact on organizational climate of the…

  8. Identifying the Potential Organizational Impact of an Educational Peer Review Program

    Toth, Kate E.; McKey, Colleen A.

    2010-01-01

    The literature on educational peer review (EPR) has focused on evaluating EPR's impact on faculty and/or student learning outcomes; no literature exists on the potential organizational impact. A qualitative (case study) research design explored perceptions of 17 faculty and 10 administrators within a school of nursing in an Ontario university…

  9. Impact of accidents on organizational aspects of nuclear utilities

    Spurgin, A. J.; Stupples, D.

    2012-01-01

    This paper applies the Beer Viable Systems Model (VSM) approach to the study of nuclear accidents. It relates how organizational structures and rules are affected by accidents in the attempt to improve safety and reduce risk. The paper illustrates this process with reference to a number of accidents. The dynamic cybernetic aspect of the VSM approach to organizations yields a better understanding of the need for good decision-making to minimize risk and how organizations really operate.

  10. Organizational Factors Impact about Touristic Services Consumer Satisfaction

    Carmen Babaita

    2006-01-01

    Touristic activity constitutes, through the organizational and through the quality of the services offered, one of the signs of economic and socio/cultural development of a country. This could became for Romania one of the fundamental and strategic point of economic growth that lies behind the growth of other activity sectors, not only the touristic ones. This paper attempts to provide to those who are interested, a study upon the bound that exists between the customer’s satisfaction, and the...

  11. Assessing the Impact of IT Competency on Organizational Learning Capability of Indonesian Manufacturing Firms

    Alizar Hasan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempt to assessing the impact of IT competency on organizational learning capability by using the measurement scale that have been developed by Tippins et al. and Gomes et al. These studies cover a sample of 192 manufacturing firms. IT competencies are classified into three dimensions: IT knowledge, IT operations, and IT objects, and organizational learning capability are classified into four dimensions: Managerial commitment, System perspec-tive, Openness and experimentation, and Knowledge transfer and integration. The result of factor analysis on IT competency and Organizational learning capability show that all items have high loading only on a single factor with ranging from .60 to .84. The findings revealed that IT competency positively and significantly influences the organizational learning capability of Indonesian manufacturing firms.

  12. Impact of Health Care Employees’ Job Satisfaction On Organizational Performance Support Vector Machine Approach

    Cemil Kuzey

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This study was undertaken to search for key factors that contribute to job satisfaction among health care workers, and also to determine the impact of these underlying dimensions of employee satisfaction on organizational performance. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA was applied to initially uncover the key factors, and then, in the next stage of analysis, a popular data mining technique, Support Vector Machine (SVM was employed on a sample of 249 to determine the impact of job satisfaction factors on organizational performance. According to the proposed model, the main factors were revealed to be management’s attitude, pay/reward, job security and colleagues.

  13. Impact of Health Care Employees' Job Satisfaction On Organizational Performance Support Vector Machine Approach

    Cemil Kuzey

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study was undertaken to search for key factors that contribute to job satisfaction among health care workers, and also to determine the impact of these underlying dimensions of employee satisfaction on organizational performance. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA was applied to initially uncover the key factors, and then, in the next stage of analysis, a popular data mining technique, Support Vector Machine (SVM was employed on a sample of 249 to determine the impact of job satisfaction factors on organizational performance. According to the proposed model, the main factors were revealed to be management's attitude, pay/reward, job security and colleagues.

  14. To Investigate the Impact of Training, Employee Empowerment and Organizational Climate on Job Performance

    Haleema Zia

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the quantitative relationship of training, employee empowerment and organizational climate with job performance. Job performance can be measured in terms of efficiency and effectiveness of employees-how well they perform their tasks in order to achieve organizational goals. Empowerment is very important tool to enhance productivity of an organization by enhancing job performance of employees. In certain conditions it may result in reducing job performance, which depends on organizational climate and how employees and management perceive empowerment. The organizations which conduct regular training programs help to build the skills and competencies of employees. Ethical organizational climate plays a vital role in enhancing the performance by reducing employees’ stress levels and enhanced satisfaction. Based on the literature review, a research model is developed positing that training, employee empowerment and organizational climate has a direct impact on job performance of employees. This model is empirically tested using data collected from National Institute of Health (NIH, Islamabad which is a public sector organization of Pakistan. The target population consisted of 794 employees of NIH and the sample size was calculated as 200 by using as per Krejcie and Morgan (1970 formula for sample determination and for data results various analysis techniques were used like correlation analysis and regression analysis. The results showed a significant relationship of training and organizational climate with job performance. According to the findings of the study, employee empowerment negatively influences the job performance.

  15. Supply Chain Management Practices Impact on the Healthcare Perceived Organizational Performance in Malaysia

    Meisam Karami

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The structure of the current study is based on to the prior studies on supply chain management practices and perceived organizational performance. The objective of the current study is to create a conceptual framework to investigating the link between supply chain management practices and healthcare’s perceived organizational performance that indicates the mediating impact of alliance integrated network in Malaysia. Dimensions of supply chain management practices such as demand management, information and technology management capacity and resource management, customer relationship management, supplier relationship management are determined to have a positive and significant relationship with perceived organizational performance. Furthermore, alliance network have the mediation impact on the direct relationship. The proposed research framework applies to a Malaysian health care industry which has limited studies.

  16. The influences of computer system success and informatics competencies on organizational impact in nursing environments.

    Lin, Hsien-Cheng; Hsu, Meng-Hsiang; Yang, Chen-Wei

    2014-02-01

    The previous literature provides evidence that the characteristics of a successful computer system and the informatics competencies of individuals play a critical role in the adoption of information technology. However, while the combined effects of the two may provide a comprehensive view in understanding nursing informatics research, they have rarely been studied simultaneously. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the influences of computer system success and informatics competencies on nursing organizational impact. We surveyed 454 nurses who worked at international patient centers in Taiwan. The results show that both nurses' informatics competencies and nursing computer system success do have influence on nursing organizational impact. Moreover, nurses' informatics competencies have a greater effect than the superior characteristics of a nursing computer system on nursing organizational performance. Finally, implications for practitioners complete this study. PMID:24132084

  17. Anticipating the organizational impacts of electric industry restructuring

    The various aspects of restructuring in the electric industry, and what can be done to anticipate them, were reviewed, based on the California experience. Major issues that will affect the industry organizationally were discussed, with several examples of alternative structural models. Current issues and likely changes in competition at the wholesale level were described, along with the most probable changes in the way electricity will be marketed at the retail level. Potential benefits, and major concerns about retail access were defined. The structure of the industry in California was summarized (the Independent System Operator (ISO), and the Power Exchange (PX) being the principal features). The system's governance, present and future structure, the still evolving nature of regulation, problems with stranded costs and alternative methods for computing them, the transition process itself, the California approach to transition cost recovery, and what all this means to customers, were some of the topics that have received attention

  18. Experiencing the Impact of Organizational Structure on Planning and Visioning Tasks

    Pennisi, Lisa

    2012-01-01

    The various ways natural resource agencies and programs are structured and how that impacts leadership style and products is an important concept for students to understand. Leadership style and organizational structure determine visions, missions, goals and objectives that set the tone for organizations. This exercise demonstrates organizational…

  19. Organizational Trust in Times of Challenge: The Impact on Faculty and Administrators

    Hoppes, Cherron R.; Holley, Karri A.

    2014-01-01

    Higher education institutions have faced increased social, cultural, economic, and political challenges in recent decades. In this study we used the socio-cultural construct of trust to understand how organizational responses to external challenges impact the relationship between faculty members and administrators. Using extensive interviews,…

  20. The Impact of Telecommuting Intensity on Employee Perception Outcomes: Job Satisfaction, Productivity, and Organizational Commitment

    Nyaanga, Solomon G.

    2012-01-01

    This research investigates the impact of telecommuting intensity (hours worked/week from home) on worker perceived outcomes such as job satisfaction, productivity, organizational commitment. Data was collected and analyzed from a large U.S. Federal Department. The conceptual research model and design include three key mediating variables, one…

  1. Impact of Organizational Climate on Performance of College Teachers in Punjab

    Raza, Syed Ahmad

    2010-01-01

    The study aimed to determine the impact of organizational climate on performance of college teachers. The researcher selected the area of college education as the focus of the study. The study was delimited to all the public sector degree colleges of Punjab. Population of this study consisted of all the principals and teachers working in public…

  2. Factors impacting public acceptance of medical radiation exposure

    We undertook a survey to determine the public acceptance of medical radiation exposure throughout Japan, and 1,357 responses (67.9% response rate) were obtained using a two-stage systematic stratified random sampling method. The acceptance of exposure of children was generally similar to that of adults. For each of the attributes, 45-60% of the participants were accepting of exposure for cancer treatment and diagnosis, but only 30% were accepting of exposure for X-ray diagnoses of bone fractures and dental caries. In general, the presence of a child did not markedly affect women's acceptance of exposure. Factor analyses identified 3 factors influencing the acceptance of child exposure: symptomatic diseases to determine treatment, the possibility of high-risk diseases (or major organ diseases), and the association with cancer. Cluster analysis showed 4 clusters: a positive group regarding children's exposure for the diagnosis of bone fractures and dental caries (12.9% of all participants), a positive group for major organ disease and cancer (15.5%), a negative group excluding cancer (55.2%), and a positive group for all cases (16.4%). The cluster distributions revealed that mothers with 10- to 18-year-old firstborn children showed a tendency to accept the medical radiation exposure of their children in all cases. (author)

  3. CHANGE MANAGEMENT PPROCESS AND ACTIVITIES IMPACTS ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE: A CASE IN PERSPECTIVE OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE

    Almana Naeem; Muhammad Fahad Aslam Khan; Habibullah Orakzai; Dr. Syed Tasweer Hussain Shah

    2013-01-01

    Vibrant environments recognized by technical, economic and political change increasingly requires company agility among organizations. The purpose of this study was to explore the characteristics of change process and their impact on performance of an organization and to identify the culture of an organization that are more favorable to institutionalizing strategic thinking beyond efforts of individual effort or change process. The importance of change as a necessity for company success and g...

  4. The History of UTAUT Model and Its Impact on ICT Acceptance and Usage by Academicians

    Oye, N. D.; Iahad, N. A.; Rahim, N. Ab.

    2014-01-01

    This paper started with the review of the history of technology acceptance model from TRA to UTAUT. The expected contribution is to bring to lime light the current development stage of the technology acceptance model. Based on this, the paper examined the impact of UTAUT model on ICT acceptance and usage in HEIs. The UTAUT model theory was…

  5. The Impact of Organizational Knowledge Integrators on Cooperative R&D Projects

    Bulathsinhala, Nadika

    2014-01-01

    This paper addresses the fact that R&D projects that incorporate external knowledge sources not only depend on the number of sources, but also on integrating the right source. An organizational knowledge integrator has a natural interest due to its position in the value chain and the technology...... phase to pull the knowledge from earlier phases of development closer towards commercialization. The aim of the paper is to examine if organizational knowledge integrators in R&D projects have a positive impact on innovative performance compared to projects that do not involve a knowledge integrator...

  6. Organizational impact of workaholism: suggestions for researching the negative outcomes of excessive work.

    Porter, G

    1996-01-01

    Excessive work can be viewed as an addictive behavior, and, as such, it will have a negative impact on the setting in which it occurs, as well as on the individual. This change in perspective is needed to address dysfunctional behavior patterns that interfere with organizational operations. Similarities with other addictions include identity issues, rigid thinking, withdrawal, progressive involvement, and denial. These factors influence decision making and goals of the workaholic. They also interfere with effectiveness by distorting interpersonal relations. Suggestions for further research build on established organizational topics that coincide with characteristics of an addictive pattern. PMID:9547036

  7. Impact of Magnet Culture in Maintaining Quality Outcomes During Periods of Organizational Transition.

    Gonzalez, Judith F Zedreck; Wolf, Gail; Dudjak, Linda; Jordan, Bernadette

    2015-01-01

    Organizational transition presents substantial risk to maintaining quality outcomes. The leadership style and culture present during periods of change and transition empower the frontline staff to react quickly and identify opportunities. The culture of Magnet develops the skill set that enables staff to be leaders in problem solving and identifying creative care delivery approaches. Objectives of this study were to analyze the impact of organizational transition on patient and staff satisfaction, quality, and safety in a Magnet-designated hospital and determine key factors contributing to these outcomes. PMID:25768059

  8. The Impact of Social Media and Crowdsourcing on Organizational Innovation Culture

    Scupola, Ada; Nicolajsen, Hanne Westh

    innovation culture using theory on organizational culture and crowdsourcing. The analysis shows that the organizational crowdsourcing event has supported an innovation culture change in the case company towards a more open approach to innovation; creating a new and different awareness of innovation, allowing......In this article we investigate how social media-based crowdsourcing systems can be used to reengineer the innovation culture in an organization. Based on a case study of a large engineering consultancy’s use of a social media crowdsourcing system we investigate the impact on the organizations...

  9. Employee commitment in MNCs: impacts of organizational culture, HRM and top management orientations

    Taylor, Sully; Levy, Orly; Beechler, Schon; Boyacıgiller, Nakiye Avdan; Boyacigiller, Nakiye Avdan

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of organizational culture and HRM system on employee commitment of core employees in multinational companies (MNCs). In addition, it identifies two top management team orientations global orientation and geocentric orientation that are seen as contributing uniquely to employee commitment in international firms. We found strong overall support for the model. The results also suggest that High Performance Work Practices have a positive impact on commitment r...

  10. The Impact of Organizational Culture and Job Related Affective Well Being on Employees’ Conflict Resolution Styles

    Nurdan Özarallı

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate the impact of cooperative or competitive organizational culture and employees’ job related affective well being on their preferred conflict resolution styles. A total of 236 white collar employees in the private sector completed questionnaires on “Organizational Culture“, “Job Related Affective Well Being“and “Conflict Resolution Styles“. Results indicated that employees working in a cooperative organizational culture would choose problem solving, compromising and accomodating conflict resolution styles while those working in a competitive work environment would choose forcing and avoiding strategies. Results also showed that while positive job related affective well being is a major predictor o problem solving, compromising, accomodating and avoiding conflict resolution styles, negative job related affective well being significantly predicts forcing and avoiding strategies. Overall, the results draw attention to the preferred conflict resolution strategies assumed by Turkish employees, the role of the conflict environment as well as actors’ affective well being

  11. The Impact of the Quality of Work Life With Organizational Citizenship Behavior In PT. Pelabuhan Indonesia I Belawan

    Harahap, Jelita Kurnia Ningsih

    2014-01-01

    The satisfied employee with their work life tends to improve the organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). OCB is one of the important factors that influence the organizational productivity. The aimed of this study is to determine the impact of quality of work life toward organizational citizenship behavior. Questionnaires were administered to 125 respondents were collected from PT. Pelabuhan I, Belawan branch with incidental sampling technique. Measurement used a OCB scale based on the theo...

  12. The Impact of Organizational Justice on Employee's Job Satisfaction: The Malaysian Companies Perspectives

    Choong K. Fatt

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: This research study analyzed the impact of organizational justice as encompassed by two components, namely distributive justice and procedural justice on employee’s job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intention. This study revealed a positive and significant relationship showing that the foundation of an employee’s job satisfaction and organizational commitment is within the application of both distributive and procedural justice, and this supports a significant negative relationship to turnover intention. Approach: This study included the design and distribution of a self-administered questionnaire to 300 Malaysian employees working for small and middle size companies in the Malaysia, Klang Valley. The sample consisted of managerial and non-managerial employees who volunteered to participate in this study. The results supported the hypothesis that distributive and procedural justice has significant relationship with employee’s job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention. Result: This finding implied that the higher the level of employee’s perception towards fairness to the means used to determine outcomes (procedural justice and fairness of the outcomes employees receive (distributive justice tended to increase the level of employees’ job satisfaction, organizational commitment while reduces turnover intention. Therefore, organizations that take a proactive approach to understand employee’s perceptions of distributive and procedural justice, and provide appropriate working environment can potentially reap benefits including cost associated to employee retentions. Conclusion: The findings in this study would help managers and business organization in Malaysia to formulate strategies that involved work factors such as distributive and procedural justice to improve the management of human resource development. These strategies would help in influencing positive behaviors among

  13. Exploring the impact of mentoring functions on job satisfaction and organizational commitment of new staff nurses

    Weng Rhay-Hung

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Although previous studies proved that the implementation of mentoring program is beneficial for enhancing the nursing skills and attitudes, few researchers devoted to exploring the impact of mentoring functions on job satisfaction and organizational commitment of new nurses. In this research we aimed at examining the effects of mentoring functions on the job satisfaction and organizational commitment of new nurses in Taiwan's hospitals. Methods We employed self-administered questionnaires to collect research data and select new nurses from three regional hospitals as samples in Taiwan. In all, 306 nurse samples were obtained. We adopted a multiple regression analysis to test the impact of the mentoring functions. Results Results revealed that career development and role modeling functions have positive effects on the job satisfaction and organizational commitment of new nurses; however, the psychosocial support function was incapable of providing adequate explanation for these work outcomes. Conclusion It is suggested in this study that nurse managers should improve the career development and role modeling functions of mentoring in order to enhance the job satisfaction and organizational commitment of new nurses.

  14. Acceptance and Motivational Impact of the Organic Certification System

    Schulze, Holger; Jahn, G; Spiller, Achim

    2007-01-01

    In recent years the institutional framework of the organic certification system has step by step become a more formal and state run system. Our research shows that al-though the majority of the farmers accept the system, they are not convinced of its cost-benefit relationship. Farmers prefer a more association- and advice-oriented control of the organic certification process.

  15. The Impact of Organizational Justice on Career Satisfaction of Employees in the Public Sector of South Korea

    Oh, Jeong Rok

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between organizational justice and career satisfaction of employees in the public sector of South Korea. Specifically, this study aimed to investigate the impact of three different dimensions (distributive, procedural, and interactional justice) of organizational justice on career…

  16. The Impact of Educational Interventions on Organizational Culture at an Urban Federal Agency. Ph.D. Thesis - Old Dominion Univ.

    Mckenzie, Janet Myrick

    1994-01-01

    This study on the impact of educational interventions on organizational culture is an evaluation of a major educational initiative undertaken by an urban federal agency, namely the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Langley Research Center (NASA-LaRC). The design of this educational evaluation captures the essence of NASA-LaRC's efforts to continue its distinguished and international stature in the aeronautical research community following the Challenger tragedy. More specifically, this study is an evaluation of the educational initiative designed to ameliorate organizational culture via educational interventions, with emphasis on communications, rewards and recognition, and career development. After completing a review of the related literature, chronicling the educational initiative, interviewing senior managers and employees, and critically examining thousands of free responses on employee perceptions of organizational culture, it is found that previous definitions of organizational culture are more accurately classified as manifestations of organizational culture. This research has endeared to redefine 'organizational culture' by offering a more accurate and diagnostic perspective.

  17. The Impact of Management and Organizational Culture on Creativity in the Hotel Industry

    Olimpia State

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In today`s business environment, characterized by instability and unpredictability, organizations` success depends on their ability to adapt and manage the changes required. Therefore, in order to achieve long-term corporate success, companies need to have a culture that encourages creativity and innovation. The aim of the article is to investigate the link between corporate culture and creativity and the impact of the management form on organizational culture. The research highlights the Romanian hotel industry culture, using Hofstede`s model. Considering their impact on innovation, there were taken into consideration three factors: individualism, power distance and long term orientation. The article investigates how these factors are influenced by the hotel`s exploitation form and their impact on organizational creativity. The research was conducted on two hotels in Bucharest, affiliated to an international hotel chain. In order to identify the impact of the exploitation form on the hotel`s organizational culture, one of the accommodation units is operated under a management contract, while the other operates under a franchise agreement. The study is based on a survey conducted among the employees of the two hotels. Results indicate differences regarding the corporate culture between the hotel operated under a management contract and the unit operated under a franchise agreement. Recommendations on how to foster employees` creativity are suggested. The implications of the findings are discussed, considering the limitations and future research directions.

  18. Organizational Relationship Termination Competence

    Ritter, Thomas; Geersbro, Jens

    2011-01-01

    organizational termination in order to improve our understanding of the management of termination. The impact of these termination dimensions on the percentage of unwanted customers is developed and tested using PLS on data gathered from a cross-sectional survey of more than 800 sales representatives. We find...... relationship termination are found to significantly affect a firm's relationship termination competence. The findings suggest that managers should regard termination as a legitimate option in customer relationship management. In order to decrease the number of unwanted customers, managers must accept......Most firms are involved in a number of customer relationships that drain the firm's resources. However, many firms are hesitant to address this problem. This paper investigates customer relationship termination at the organizational level. We develop and analyze the organizational dimensions of...

  19. THE IMPACT OF BUSINESS PROCESS MANAGEMENT ON ORGANIZATIONAL STRATEGY

    Vlad BALANESCU; Paul SOARE; BELICIU Vlad; Cristina ALPOPI

    2013-01-01

    In this paper I attempted to establish a link between business process management and strategic management. After the introduction, in the second chapter I made a short presentation of business process and business process management, what the concept entails and prospects. The third chapter contains a definition of strategic management and some key issues of this concept that are pertinent in relation to business process management. Finally, the fourth chapter focuses of the impact that busi...

  20. The impact of employee communication and perceived external prestige on organizational identification

    2000-01-01

    Employees' Organizational Identification (OI) is measured in a customer service organization. Particularly the effects of employee communication and perceived external prestige (PEP) on OI were evaluated. Results show that employee communication affects OI more strongly than PEP. One aspect of employee communication, the communication climate, appears to play a central role: it mediates the impact on OI of the content of employee communication. These results suggest that the importance of how...

  1. The impact of employee communication and perceived external prestige on organizational identification

    Smidts, Ale; Riel, Cees; Pruyn, A.Th.H.

    2000-01-01

    textabstractEmployees' Organizational Identification (OI) is measured in a customer service organization. Particularly the effects of employee communication and perceived external prestige (PEP) on OI were evaluated. Results show that employee communication affects OI more strongly than PEP. One aspect of employee communication, the communication climate, appears to play a central role: it mediates the impact on OI of the content of employee communication. These results suggest that the impor...

  2. Impact of Human Resource Practices on the Organizational Performance in Nestle Pakistan

    Asma Tayyaba; Mohammad Fiaz; Muhammad Shoaib

    2015-01-01

    This study analyses the contribution effect of HRM (Human Resource Management) practices such as T&D (Training and Development), R&S (Recruitment and Selection), PA (Performance Appraisal System), CPD (Career Planning and Development), CMP (Compensation) and EP (Employee Participation) on the employee performance in Nestle Pakistan. It also elaborates the impact of employee performance on the OP (Organizational Performance). The results conclude the significantly positive relationship of the ...

  3. The impact of work support and organizational career growth on nurse turnover intention in China

    Yang Yang; Yan-Hui Liu; Jing-Ying Liu; Hong-Fu Zhang

    2015-01-01

    Objective: The paper aimed to explore the impact of work support and potential for career advancement on the nurse turnover intention in order to find an effective approach to curb high turnover. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 526 nurses from eight teaching hospitals in Tianjin, China, was conducted to test the hypothesized multilevel model. The organizational career growth scale, work support scale, and the nurse turnover intention scale were used to measure the effect of organizati...

  4. Quality approaches and practices and their impact on companies’ organizational performance

    Barros, Síria Alves; Sampaio, Paulo; Saraiva, Pedro

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this research is to develop and propose a conceptual framework that reflects the relationship between the implementation of quality management practices (QMPs) and their impact on the organizational performance of the Portuguese organizations. Design/Methodology/Approach: Based on the literature review carried out, we have identified the most common and used quality management practices. In the next phase we conducted semi-structured interviews with the Port...

  5. Business Strategy and Leadership Style: Impact on Organizational Performance in the Manufacturing Sector of Ghana

    John Parker Yanney

    2014-01-01

    This study sought to investigate the impact of leadership styles and business strategy on the organizational performance of small medium scale enterprises (SMEs) in the manufacturing sector of Ghana. This had become necessary due to the fact that available literature on the subject matter lacked precision in terms of the specific leadership style and strategy which could better be employed to improve performance in the chosen area of study. A field survey (by means of questionnaires) was cond...

  6. Impact of Organizational Culture on Knowledge Management Process in Construction

    Katun M. Idris

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available One of the key global pressures of knowledge management practice is knowledge acquisition, creation, sharing,storing and dissemination. The global business is reflecting a throng of culture, leadership and culturalupbringings which warrant bringing into line consistent alterations in management of knowledge because ofdiversity of workforce in construction organization. Theoretically, the study predicts the empirical role of culture(managerial learning and trust with reference to knowledge management process. This paper presents aknowledge management (KM model that comprises a set of KM hypothesis model and measurement models forunderstanding and applying these KM models to boost the application of KM in the construction organization.76 private construction organization was investigated with 323 questionnaire surveys. A hypothesized model ofKM process and culture was tested using structural equation modelling approach and a proposed model wastherefore developed. Likewise, all fit indices for KM process and factor loadings shows the significant impact ofculture on KM process, leading to a thrifty model achievement. The study shows that culture demonstrated 0.73significant influence on the knowledge management process. The analysis revealed that managerial learning andtrust were key factors that impact positively on KM process within the construction organization underinvestigation.

  7. The impact of information technology on organizational design: Example in health organization

    Petković Mirjana

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to explore the impact of information technology (IT on organization including all elements that are integral part of organizational design through Star Model (Kates and Galbraith, 2007, and to show that IT has become an important strategic resource that provides a concentration of all relevant information for quality decision-making and integration of complex organization with the concept of “Big Data” (Manyika et al, 2011. In order to achieve the aim, research was performed in organization in the health sector which affects the quality of life and standard of living. TheIT impact on organizational design and through him on organizational effectiveness in the health care is visible and provide insight into the implications of information technology and opportunities for reasoning about matters that are the subject of research: whether and how information technology causes changes in the design of the organization; whether it affects all elements of design equally; on which elements has the most intense impact and why; whether and why employees and users of health services exhibit resistance to information technology; under what conditions can be reduced or completely eliminated the resistance of employees and users of health services?

  8. Exploring the organizational impact of software-as-a-Service on software vendors the role of organizational integration in software-as-a-Service development and operation

    Stuckenberg, Sebastian

    2014-01-01

    Software-as-a-Service has gained momentum as a software delivery and pricing model within the software industry. Existing practices of software vendors are challenged by a potential paradigm shift. This book analyzes the implications of Software-as-a-Service on software vendors using a business model and value chain perspective. The analysis of qualitative data from software vendors highlights the role of organizational integration within software vendors. By providing insights regarding the impact of Software-as-a-Service on organizational structures and processes of software vendors, this st

  9. Analyzing the impact of HRM Systems on the organizational climate, culture and outcomes: The mediating role of HMR Strength, organizational climate and culture

    Henriques, Paulo Lencastre Torres Gonçalves

    2014-01-01

    A Work Project, presented as part of the requirements for the Award of a Masters Degree in Management from the NOVA – School of Business and Economics It is the propose of this study to (1) analyze the impact of the Human Resource Management (HRM) content (i.e. practices) in the organizational climate, culture, and performance; (2) assess the influence of the HRM process (i.e. HRM Strength) as a mediator in the link between HRM content and the organizational climate, culture, and performan...

  10. The impact of innovation strategy on organizational learning and innovation performance: do firm size and ownership type make a difference?

    Beyene, K. T.; Shi, C S; Wu, W. W.

    2016-01-01

    Though innovation strategy and organizational learning have been credited to impact on product innovation performance, they have been rarely considered in a single model simultaneously. Thus, the main aim of the paper is to investigate the extent of impact of innovation strategy on organizational learning and product innovation performance. A structural equation modelling analysis was performed on the survey data collected from Ethiopian textile and leather product manufacturing firms. The re...

  11. The Impact of Organizational Climate on Employees' affective Organizational Commitment%组织氛围对员工情感性归属感的影响

    林美珍

    2011-01-01

    文章基于对福建省21个饭店进行的实证研究,检验各类组织氛围(部门的支持型领导氛围、凝聚力和心理受权氛围)对员工情感性归属感的影响。多层次线性模型分析结果表明,部门的支持型领导氛围会通过部门的凝聚力间接影响员工的情感性归属感,并会调节员工的角色模糊对他们的情感性归属感的影响。此外,部门的心理受权氛围会调节员工的心理受权对他们的情感性归属感的影响。%The Author did an empirical study in 21 hotels to investigate the impact of organizational climate on employees' affective organizational commitment.The results of HLM analysis indicate that department supportive leadership climate has indirect effect on employees' affective organizational commitment through department cohesion,and moderates the relationship between employees' role ambiguity and their affective organizational commitment.Department psychological empowerment climate moderates the relationship between employee's individual psychological empowerment and their affective organizational commitment.

  12. Measuring the impact of HRM on organizational performance

    Anastasia A. Katou

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES ZH-CN X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif"; mso-ansi-language:ES-TRAD; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;} The purpose of this paper is to measure the impact of HRM on organisational performance in the context of Greece. Data were collected from 178 organisations using a questionnaire survey in the Greek manufacturing sector, and analysed using the ‘structural equation modelling’ methodology. The results indicated that the relationship between HRM policies (resourcing and development, compensation and incentives, involvement and job design and organisational performance is partially mediated through HRM outcomes (skills, attitudes, behaviour, and it is influenced by business strategies (cost, quality, innovation. Thus, the contribution of this study for academics and practitioners is that HRM policies associated with business strategies will affect organisational performance through HRM outcomes.

  13. IMPACT OF SUPPORTIVE LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATIONAL LEARNING CULTURE AS A MODERATOR ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF PSYCHOLOGICAL EMPOWERMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT

    Syed Abir Hassan Naqvi; Dr.Muhammad Aamir Hashmi; Dr.Shaoukat Ali Raza; Dr.Ashi Zeeshan; Faiz.M.Shaikh

    2011-01-01

    Due to forces of globalization organization are going to multinational. Severity of competition is forcing organizations to psychological empower their employees for maximum performance. In the presence of organizational learning culture and supportive leadership psychological empowerment of employee will lead to organizational commitment. This paper attempt to analyze the relationship among these variables in the context of existing literature. Present days managers face the challenges of m...

  14. The impact of consumer acceptance on trade in irradiated food

    Most consumer organisations are opposed to the introduction of irradiated food. The National Consumer Council, however, having accepted the conclusions of the UK expert committee that the process is safe when correctly applied, is neither for nor against, but is firmly of the opinion that consumers should have the right to choose between irradiated and non-irradiated food. It follows that all irradiated food must be labelled and effective enforcement of labelling claims must be exercised by a reliable range of detection tests. Consumers already have great difficulty in deciding on the pros and cons of food irradiation, and do not know who to believe among the many sources of information - governments, scientists, retailers, the media, and so on. Efforts to inform consumers about food irradiation are not enough; there is a need for more research into consumer attitudes and how these are formed. (author). 2 tabs

  15. The Impact of Iranian Teachers Cultural Values on Computer Technology Acceptance

    Sadeghi, Karim; Saribagloo, Javad Amani; Aghdam, Samad Hanifepour; Mahmoudi, Hojjat

    2014-01-01

    This study was conducted with the aim of testing the technology acceptance model and the impact of Hofstede cultural values (masculinity/femininity, uncertainty avoidance, individualism/collectivism, and power distance) on computer technology acceptance among teachers at Urmia city (Iran) using the structural equation modeling approach. From among…

  16. Multiple organizational identification levels and the impact of perceived external prestige and communication climate

    Bartels, J.; Pruyn, A.T.H.; Jong, de M.D.T.; Joustra, I.

    2007-01-01

    Earlier studies have shown that perceived external prestige and communication climate influence organizational identification. In this paper we present the results of a study of the influence of communication climate and perceived external prestige on organizational identification at various organiz

  17. The Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility Perception on The Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment

    Mehmet Arcan TUZCU

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Corporate social responsibility activities influence the stakeholders in the first place, hence the employees, one of the vital stakeholders of the organizations. Social responsibility activities can have a direct effect on the job satisfaction and organizational commitment of employees. This paper investigates the employees’ perception on corporate social responsibility, and examines the effect of this perception on organizational commitment and job satisfaction. Hence, the individual factors that have an impact on this perception, namely gender, age, education level, the hierarchical position in the organization, the working time and the participation to the company’s social responsibility projects, are considered. The data collection is through a survey conducted among the employees of Turkish Petroleum Refineries Corporation (TUPRAS, the third most profitable and the largest private firm quoted to the Borsa Istanbul. From the findings obtained through chi square, t-test and ANOVA, one can observe an insignificant relation between organizational commitment and job satisfaction, and perceptions of corporate social responsibilities.

  18. Teleconsultation service to improve healthcare in rural areas: acceptance, organizational impact and appropriateness

    Borghi Gabriella; Bernocchi Palmira; Scalvini Simonetta; Zanaboni Paolo; Tridico Caterina; Masella Cristina

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Nowadays, new organisational strategies should be indentified to improve primary care and its link with secondary care in terms of efficacy and timeliness of interventions thus preventing unnecessary hospital accesses and costs saving for the health system. The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of the use of teleconsultation by general practitioners in rural areas. Methods General practitioners were provided with a teleconsultation service from 2006 to 2008 to...

  19. Impacts of Mixing on Acceptable Indoor Air Quality in Homes

    Sherman, Max H.; Walker, Iain I.

    2010-01-01

    Ventilation reduces occupant exposure to indoor contaminants by diluting or removing them. In a multi-zone environment such as a house, every zone will have different dilution rates and contaminant source strengths. The total ventilation rate is the most important factor in determining occupant exposure to given contaminant sources, but the zone-specific distribution of exhaust and supply air and the mixing of ventilation air can play significant roles. Different types of ventilation systems will provide different amounts of mixing depending on several factors such as air leakage, air distribution system, and contaminant source and occupant locations. Most U.S. and Canadian homes have central heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems, which tend to mix the air; thus, the indoor air in different zones tends to be well mixed for significant fractions of the year. This article reports recent results of investigations to determine the impact of air mixing on exposures of residential occupants to prototypical contaminants of concern. We summarize existing literature and extend past analyses to determine the parameters than affect air mixing as well as the impacts of mixing on occupant exposure, and to draw conclusions that are relevant for standards development and for practitioners designing and installing home ventilation systems. The primary conclusion is that mixing will not substantially affect the mean indoor air quality across a broad population of occupants, homes, and ventilation systems, but it can reduce the number of occupants who are exposed to extreme pollutant levels. If the policy objective is to minimize the number of people exposed above a given pollutant threshold, some amount of mixing will be of net benefit even though it does not benefit average exposure. If the policy is to minimize exposure on average, then mixing air in homes is detrimental and should not be encouraged. We also conclude that most homes in the US have adequate mixing

  20. The Impact of Knowledge Management Practices on NPP Organizational Performance - Results of a Global Survey

    The IAEA has been asked by Member States in the 2012 General Conference Resolutions to ''further increase the level of awareness of efforts in managing nuclear knowledge'' and to continue ''to further develop and disseminate guidance and methodologies for planning, designing, and implementing nuclear knowledge management programs''. The present report summarizes the results of empirical research on the relationship between KM practices in nuclear power plants, their impact on the quality of organizational knowledge processes and the resulting effects on the organizational effectiveness of nuclear power plants. It presents the basic findings of the ''IAEA Global Nuclear Power Plant Survey: Investigating the Link Between Knowledge Management Practices and Organizational Performance'', which was conducted in 2010. This benchmark survey of KM practices in nuclear power plants was developed using a standard research methodology. The survey was made available on a global basis to all nuclear power plant sites. Senior operations managers were asked to complete the survey with input, as required, from their plant management team. Data from individual survey responses were treated as confidential, and only aggregate findings were reported. A total of 124 station ''site organizations'' participated in the survey, representing a response rate of approximately 60%. The findings provide empirical evidence of the importance of KM practices in improving the organizational effectiveness of nuclear power plants. They provide information about the current state of the industry with respect to KM practices, illustrating the direct and tangible benefits of implementing such practices and justifying continued or further efforts to ensure that KM programmes and systems are strategically planned and implemented in operating nuclear power plants. The research provides insights into the mechanisms by which KM practices have an impact on organizational effectiveness and provides a basis for

  1. The impact of organizational intelligence and its components on the competitive advantage of all the branches of Khuzestan Sina bank

    SALEH CHE, Mina; RAHIMI, Farajolah; AMIRNEJAD, Ghanbar

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. The present study aims to investigate the impact of organizational intelligence on the acquisition of enterprise competitive advantage in Sina bank branches in Khozestan state .The statistical population of this Survey consist of 220 managers, deputies and senior member of Sina Bank, using tables and Morgan krejcie and a simple random sample of 140 employees.  The Tools include organizational intelligence assessment questionnaire (Karl Albrecht) competitive advantage questionnaires ...

  2. IMPACT OF TALENT MANAGEMENT ON PERCEIVED ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS: SERVICE INDUSTRY IN LAHORE, PAKISTAN

    Bayyurt, Nizamettin; Rizvi, Salman

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to find out the impact of 5 dimensions of Talent Management on perceived Organizational Effectiveness. For this study, different subsectors of service industry inLahore,Pakistanwere surveyed. For the last couple of decades, service industry has developed to a stage, where it is in a position to define the country’s economy. It has totally shaped up the ways of businesses and the survival lies in gaining competitive edge. Researchers believe that talent is the key ...

  3. The Relationship between Organizational Structure and Organizational Justice

    Amir Babak Marjani

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Organizational justice in this rapidly-developing work-life may become an increasingly important issue to both managers and employees. This article aims to study the effective organizational justice model for Iranian public organizations. It initially identifies antecedents and consequences of organizational justice. Then, it examines the effect of organizational justice on organizational commitment, trust, OCB, turnover, and job satisfaction as well as the impact of organizational structure on organizational justice.

  4. IMPACT OF SUPPORTIVE LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATIONAL LEARNING CULTURE AS A MODERATOR ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF PSYCHOLOGICAL EMPOWERMENT AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT

    Syed Abir Hassan Naqvi

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Due to forces of globalization organization are going to multinational. Severity of competition is forcing organizations to psychological empower their employees for maximum performance. In the presence of organizational learning culture and supportive leadership psychological empowerment of employee will lead to organizational commitment. This paper attempt to analyze the relationship among these variables in the context of existing literature. Present days managers face the challenges of motivating employees. Psychological empowerment is the one of the best tool to provide them felling of autonomy and self drive this conceptual development is presented here with the hope that future researchers will analysis these relationships more deeply for the performance optimization of the organization.

  5. The impact of innovation strategy on organizational learning and innovation performance: do firm size and ownership type make a difference?

    Beyene, K. T.

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Though innovation strategy and organizational learning have been credited to impact on product innovation performance, they have been rarely considered in a single model simultaneously. Thus, the main aim of the paper is to investigate the extent of impact of innovation strategy on organizational learning and product innovation performance. A structural equation modelling analysis was performed on the survey data collected from Ethiopian textile and leather product manufacturing firms. The result reveals that innovation strategy is positively related to product innovation performance. Further, firm size and ownership type moderate the effect of innovation strategy on product innovation performance.

  6. A Study of the Impact of Perceived Organizational Justice on Employee\\\\\\'s Social Capital (Case Study: Health Network of Noshahr City)

    Ali Nasr Esfahani; Javad Shabani Naftchali; Javad Khazaei Pool

    2013-01-01

    Introduction In recent years, increasing attention to the issue of organizational justice and its impacts on organizational outcome has urged organizations to strive for organizational justice in order to survive and reach their objectives. Perceiving injustice has a destructive impact on teamwork spirit and motivation of employees. Injustice and unfair distribution of organization's outputs and achievements demoralize employees and diminish their motivation to be active and assiduous. Bes...

  7. Participatory Appraisal as a Method for Evaluating the impact Organisational Culture has on Software Acceptance

    Rogage, Kay

    2012-01-01

    Industry standards and techniques exist to evaluate whether software meets requirements, performance and usability expectations. These techniques do not account for the impact user perception has on the acceptance of software. In particular, a method is lacking for assessing the impact organisational culture has, on the perception users have of software suitability to perform a task. An appraisal of software simulation designed to run an exercise to test an emergency response plan is being co...

  8. THE IMPACT OF WORKFORCE DIVERSITY ON ORGANIZATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS: A STUDY OF A NIGERIAN BANK

    OMANKHANLEN ALEX EHIMARE

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available It is generally recognized that there is diversity in the workforce of any enterprise, be it business, government, or civil society. This study therefore seeks to find out the impact of workforce diversity on organizational effectiveness using a Nigerian bank for the study. We used the Blau’s1977 index of heterogeneity to measure the diversity index. While asset growth for the year 2008 and 2009, using 2007 and 2008 as base year was used to measure the growth strategy. To determine group diversity and performance outcomes moderated by workgroup context, a series of hierarchical regression analysis were conducted. The study finds significant correlation between some of the diversity variables as well as individual diversity variables with the measures of organizational effectiveness. Also it reveals that gender and ethnicity are negatively related to both employee productivity and performance bonus. In addition the study find that gender, age and tenure diversities are positively correlated and are significantly related. It is recommended that company executives use good strategies to effectively manage workforce diversity and collaborative research efforts should be done to ascertain the contextual variables that moderate workforce diversity to produce positive performance outcomes.

  9. Who are we and why does it matter? Impact of organizational identity on managerially relevant outcomes

    Meldo, Perttu

    2016-01-01

    Organizational identity has received generous amount of interest amongst researchers of organizational behavior and psychology during the past decade. Yet, the amount of empirical studies demonstrating the influence of identity on other organizational phenomena has been insufficient to attract much interdisciplinary and management interest. Organizational identity defined as internal, that is, employees’ view of the organization, is very subjective in its nature. Thus, comparison of identitie...

  10. Impact of human resource practices on the organizational performance in nestle pakistan

    This study analyses the contribution effect of HRM (Human Resource Management) practices such as T and D (Training and Development), R and S (Recruitment and Selection), PA (Performance Appraisal System), CPD (Career Planning and Development), CMP (Compensation) and EP (Employee Participation) on the employee performance in Nestle Pakistan. It also elaborates the impact of employee performance on the OP (Organizational Performance). The results conclude the significantly positive relationship of the HRM Practices with the OP with a considerable influence on employee performance as a mediator.300 respondents are selected for the analysis from target population of all the professionals, working on 1st and 2nd level management through random sampling. We proposed that the conceptual results of the study are highly significant for the practitioners and researchers for future research. (author)

  11. Burnout among corrections-based drug treatment staff: impact of individual and organizational factors.

    Garner, Bryan R; Knight, Kevin; Simpson, D Dwayne

    2007-10-01

    As a result of limited budgets, many treatment programs are forced to operate for extended periods at or beyond their capacity. The resulting pressure and stress on treatment staff can be taxing and lead to serious problems, including job burnout. Although the concept of burnout within other social service professions has been broadly researched, less attention has been given to burnout among drug abuse treatment staff, especially among corrections-based drug treatment staff. The goal of this article is to extend this area of research by exploring the impact of individual factors and organizational factors on burnout. Findings revealed that although a number of factors were related to staff burnout, younger counselor age, lower adaptability, poorer clarity of agency mission, and higher stress were most significant. Ways in which treatment programs might address these issues affecting staff burnout are discussed. PMID:17615435

  12. Impact of Human Resource Practices on the Organizational Performance in Nestle Pakistan

    Asma Tayyaba

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This study analyses the contribution effect of HRM (Human Resource Management practices such as T&D (Training and Development, R&S (Recruitment and Selection, PA (Performance Appraisal System, CPD (Career Planning and Development, CMP (Compensation and EP (Employee Participation on the employee performance in Nestle Pakistan. It also elaborates the impact of employee performance on the OP (Organizational Performance. The results conclude the significantly positive relationship of the HRM Practices with the OP with a considerable influence on employee performance as a mediator.300 respondents are selected for the analysis from target population of all the professionals, working on 1st and 2nd level management through random sampling. We proposed that the conceptual results of the study are highly significant for the practitioners and researchers for future research

  13. The Impact of Leadership Styles on Selection the Areas of Organizational Change (An Empirical Study on the Jordanian Pharmaceutical Companies

    Salah M. Diab

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to test The Impact of Leadership Styles on the Organizational Change Areas (An Empirical Study on the Jordanian Pharmaceutical Companies. Data for this research were collected through a questionnaire from, (240 leaders in all levels of management, from (5 pharmaceutical companies in Jordan, which are; (JPHM, (DADI, (HIKMA, (ACPH, and the (PIC. Grynbach constancy coefficients reached 84.0%, Percentages, Means, standard deviation, and, simple and multiple regressions analysis s were used to test the hypothesized relationships. The results indicate that, The Jordanian pharmaceutical companies (JPCs practiced both types transformational and Transactional leadership, in different proportions. All the organizational change areas in the (JPCs are possible, a strongly positive relationship between styles of leadership (transformational and Transactional combined and the organizational change areas, Inspiration as one of the Transformational leadership elements is the less influential ,in addition to that there’s a variation impact on the organizational change areas for all the leader ship styles elements, transformational leadership does not affect on changes in human resources and job description, On the light of the study results the following recommendations may be submitted, More attention to the transformational leadership style to bring a long-term organizational change, without depends only on the transactional leadership, specially the incentive element, increased the enrichment knowledge of the departments leader through involvement in academic courses Encourage leaders, who have the qualities and skills possessed by transformational leadership style for the assumption Managerial positions in the (JPHs and other recommendations.

  14. The impact of leadership styles on organizational culture in Mapsa company

    Dariush Gholamzadeh

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the effect of leadership styles on organizational culture by testing a hypothesized model. A quantitative survey using questionnaire was conducted among 93 employees from diverse work units of Mapsa Company in October 2012. They filled out multifactor leadership questionnaire and the Denison organizational culture survey. Results of structural equation modeling (SEM showed that Transformational and Transactional leadership styles could positively influence on organizational culture. Laissez-fair leadership has a negative effect on organizational culture. In conclusion, transformational leadership style was recommended to balance all four traits of Denison’s organizational culture.

  15. Transformational Leadership and Organizational Citizenship Behavior in the Arab Educational System in Israel: The Impact of Trust and Job Satisfaction

    Nasra, Muhammed Abu; Heilbrunn, Sibylle

    2016-01-01

    The present study aims to extend and integrate previous research on the mediating effects of trust in supervisor and job satisfaction on the relationship between transformational leadership style and organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). Drawing on previous research, we argue that transformational leadership impacts OCB directly and…

  16. The Relationship between Organizational Structure and Organizational Justice

    Amir Babak Marjani; Fateme Tohidy Ardahaey

    2012-01-01

    Organizational justice in this rapidly-developing work-life may become an increasingly important issue to both managers and employees. This article aims to study the effective organizational justice model for Iranian public organizations. It initially identifies antecedents and consequences of organizational justice. Then, it examines the effect of organizational justice on organizational commitment, trust, OCB, turnover, and job satisfaction as well as the impact of organizational structure ...

  17. The IT Impact on the Productivity and the Organizational Performance of Firms in Romania. A model of Empirical Analysis

    Cristina ENACHE

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper propose an analysis based on an empirical model of IT impact on firms performances of Romania. There are presented the model, the equations of the model and the results of statistical processing. All these shown that the ICT impact on firm performance is greater and positive if the information technologies are accompanied by a proactive management policy and an organizational culture.

  18. Impacts of Implementation of the Effective Maritime Security Management Model (EMSMM) on Organizational Performance of Shipping Companies1

    Elena Sadovaya; Vinh V. Thai

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to examine the impacts of the Effective Maritime Security Management Model (EMSMM) on organizational performance of shipping companies. For this purpose, a survey was administered to collect data from shipping and ship management companies worldwide. The hypotheses in this study were tested using the structural equation modelling (SEM). It was found that the proposed model has direct positive impacts on security, business resilience and customer performance, as well as indirec...

  19. The Impact of Structural Empowerment on Organizational Citizenship Behavior-Organization and Job Performance: A Mediating Role of Burnout

    Hina Jaffery; Hassan Farooq

    2015-01-01

    The banking sector employees are usually exposed to potential job burnout which impacts their employee performance. This study examined the impact of structural empowerment on organizational citizenship behavior-organization (henceforth, OCBO) and job performance and further examined the mediating effect of job burnout in the relationships of structural empowerment, OCBO and job performance. In this study, data from 282 employees was taken from four banks: both public and private sectors. Two...

  20. Impact of organizational justice on satisfaction, commitment and turnover intention: Can fair treatment by organizations make a difference in their workers’ attitudes and behaviors?

    Rai, Gauri S.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of organizational justice on specific attitudes and behaviors such as job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention. The data were collected from 511 staff members from ten health and rehabilitation centers in a southern state in the United States. Pearson Correlations and Hierarchical Regression were used to analyze data. The findings revealed that distributive justice influenced job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover ...

  1. Investigating the Impact of Learners Learning Styles on the Acceptance of Open Learner Models for Information Sharing

    Sek, Yong Wee; Deng, Hepu; McKay, Elspeth; Qian, Minghui

    2016-01-01

    Individual differences in learners learning styles can have a significant effect on their acceptance of collaboration technologies to facilitate the sharing of learning information in technology-based collaborative learning. There is, however, a lack of research in exploring the impact of learning styles on the acceptance of open learner models for information sharing in this area. This study investigates the impact of learners learning styles on their acceptance of open learner models for in...

  2. Book Review: IMPACT OF GLOBALIZATION ON ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE, BEHAVIOR AND GENDER ROLE

    YUZER, T. Volkan

    2012-01-01

    The "new" in new economy means a more stable and longer growth, with more jobs, lower inflation and interest rates, explosion of free markets worldwide, the unparalleled access to knowledge through the Internet and new type of organization which affects organizational change. Organizational change is the adoption of an organizational environment for the sake of survival. Namely, the old principles no longer work in the age of Globalization. Businesses have reached the old model's limits with ...

  3. The Impact of Knowledge Management on Organizational Performance: An Empirical Study of Kuwait University

    Mohammad Q. Ahmad Al-Qarioti

    2015-01-01

    Knowledge management (KM) is a process that transforms individual knowledge into organizational institutionalized knowledge. The purpose of this paper is to shed light on KM infrastructure at Kuwait University to see how faculty members evaluate KM influence on organizational performance. Study findings provide insights into the infrastructure and process capabilities needed to provide knowledge support for organizational activities. The study was based on a stratified random sample consists ...

  4. Impact of key organizational factors on knowledge transfer success in multi-national enterprises

    Ekore, John O.

    2014-01-01

    The study, which was designed as a survey, sets to establish the capacity of some organizational components to predict knowledge transfer success in multinational enterprises. It involved a sample size of 125 drawn from employees in the production unit of Cadbury Nigeria Plc and Nestle Foods Plc. Questionnaires that contained scales which measured dimensions of organizational components and knowledge transfer success were used for data collection. It was hypothesized that organizational compo...

  5. The impact of immersion training on complementing organizational goals and accelerating culture change - a field study

    Hayes, S.M.

    1996-02-01

    At Los Alamos National Laboratory, a national defense laboratory with a history of working in seclusion and secrecy, scientists and engineers have received an important new mission to partner with industry. The scientists and engineers need to expand their skill base beyond science and understand the business of innovation to be successful in this new environment. An administrative field experiment of conducting intensive, immersion training about the commercialization process was piloted at Los Alamos in September, 1992. This Field Research Project addresses the following research question: {open_quotes}Does {open_quotes}immersion{close_quotes} commercialization training complement organizational goals and does the method accelerate cultural change?{close_quotes} The field experiment first began as a pilot Commercialization Workshop conducted for twelve scientists in September, 1992. The objective was to create commercialization action plans for promising environmental technologies. The immersion method was compared to the indoctrination method of training also. The indoctrination training was a one-day lecture style session conducted for one hundred and fifty scientists in July, 1993. The impact of the training was measured by perceived attitude change and the amount of subsequent industrial partnerships that followed the training. The key management question addressed on the job was, {open_quotes}With a limited budget, how do we maximize the impact of training and achieve the best results?{close_quotes}

  6. Impacts of Implementation of the Effective Maritime Security Management Model (EMSMM on Organizational Performance of Shipping Companies1

    Elena Sadovaya

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to examine the impacts of the Effective Maritime Security Management Model (EMSMM on organizational performance of shipping companies. For this purpose, a survey was administered to collect data from shipping and ship management companies worldwide. The hypotheses in this study were tested using the structural equation modelling (SEM. It was found that the proposed model has direct positive impacts on security, business resilience and customer performance, as well as indirect positive relationship with security-related, and time market performance. Besides, the categorization of organizational performance of shipping companies, proposed and empirically validated in this study, can be used by the companies to measure the impacts of security management.

  7. Exploring Organizational Downsizing of Taiwanese Armed Forces upon Psychological Impacts of their Retained Personnel

    Ching Yaw Chen

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to examine that, after Taiwan implemented a military downsizing program, whether the job stress perceived by retained personnel has a statistically significant influence on their organizational commitment. Recommendations are proposed according to the research findings as advice for high-level managers who make policies amid organizational changes. A quantitative approach was adopted for this study, with questionnaire given out to those selected by convenience sampling within the national defense system, namely cadet officers/corporals at military academies and contract personnel of commands/military bases nationwide. Findings from this research indicate that, except job-transfer experiences, only a part of the demographic qualities significantly affect the retained personnel’s job stress and organizational commitment. After scrutinizing “retained personnel’s perceived job tress”, “the relation between job stress and organizational commitment” and “the influence of job stress on organizational downsizing and organizational commitment”, the author of this study discovered the mediating effect of job stress on the relation between organizational downsizing and organizational commitment.

  8. Impact of Business Intelligence and IT Infrastructure Flexibility on Competitive Advantage: An Organizational Agility Perspective

    Chen, Xiaofeng

    2012-01-01

    There is growing use of business intelligence (BI) for better management decisions in industry. However, empirical studies on BI are still scarce in academic research. This research investigates BI from an organizational agility perspective. Organizational agility is the ability to sense and respond to market opportunities and threats with speed,…

  9. Managing uncertainty in crisis : exploring the impact of institutionalization on organizational sensemaking

    Lu, X.

    2014-01-01

    This book studies the variety of organizational strategy selection when coping with critical uncertainties during a crisis. In dealing with uncertainties, some organizations rely on organizational routines developed over time, while some others analyze uncertainty in an ad hoc way to provide a worka

  10. Multiple organizational identification levels and the impact of perceived external prestige and communication climate

    Bartels, Jos; Pruyn, Ad; Jong, de Menno; Joustra, Inge

    2007-01-01

    sEarlier studies have shown that perceived external prestige and communication climate influence organizational identification. In this paper we present the results of a study of the influence of communication climate and perceived external prestige on organizational identification at various organi

  11. Putting employees in their place : The impact of hot-desking on organizational and team identification.

    Millward, L.J; Haslam, S.A.; Postmes, T.

    2007-01-01

    A study of employees in the finance industry tested the propositions (a) that work team identity is more salient than organizational identity when desks are assigned, whereas organizational identity is more salient when they are not; and (b) that this is partly because physical arrangements have a s

  12. The Impact of Organizational Justice on Climate and Trust in High Schools

    DiPaola, Michael; Guy, Stephanie

    2009-01-01

    In the private sector, organizational justice has consistently demonstrated a strong correlation with trust in management, employee commitment, and performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether organizational justice has a similar relationship with social processes in the educational arena. This study examined the relationship…

  13. The Impact of Knowledge Management on Organizational Performance: An Empirical Study of Kuwait University

    Mohammad Q. Ahmad Al-Qarioti

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge management (KM is a process that transforms individual knowledge into organizational institutionalized knowledge. The purpose of this paper is to shed light on KM infrastructure at Kuwait University to see how faculty members evaluate KM influence on organizational performance. Study findings provide insights into the infrastructure and process capabilities needed to provide knowledge support for organizational activities. The study was based on a stratified random sample consists of (355 faculty members from various colleges at Kuwait university. Study results show that faculty members evaluate knowledge management as “very good” with a (3.52 mean score at Likert five point scale, which indicates that Knowledge management components are highly related to organizational performance. Implications, imitations of the study, and recommendations regarding appropriate investments in knowledge management to enhance organizational performance are discussed.

  14. Impact of the maturity of alignment between orientation strategic and dynamic capabilities on the internet organizational performance

    Safaa, Larbi

    2012-01-01

    Differences of opinion researchers on the impact of IT on organizational performance and the lack of research on the use of the Internet from a strategic perspective in the hospitality industry seeking the further research, especially in a country like Morocco, where tourism is one of the main engines of the economy and social peace. Given its important informational component due to its characteristics of intangibility, inseparability, heterogeneity and perishability, tourism is one of the s...

  15. THE IMPACT OF MEDICAL TOURISM ON THE QUALITY OF ORGANIZATIONAL AND FUNCTIONAL CHANGES IN THE POLISH HEALTHCARE SYSTEM

    Marcin Olkiewicz

    2016-01-01

    The role of Medical Tourism in the process of a complex satisfaction of the prosumers and the impact played in the organizational and functional changes in the Polish healthcare system. The analysis of the literature on the subject as well as an analysis of the documentation were the inspiration to write this work. The main emphasis was put on stating the conditions stimulating the development of this sector of the economy as well as the risk factors determining the quality of pro...

  16. The Impact of Leadership Styles on Selection the Areas of Organizational Change (An Empirical Study on the Jordanian Pharmaceutical Companies)

    Diab, Salah M.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to test The Impact of Leadership Styles on the Organizational Change Areas (An Empirical Study on the Jordanian Pharmaceutical Companies). Data for this research were collected through a questionnaire from, (240) leaders in all levels of management, from (5) pharmaceutical companies in Jordan, which are; (JPHM), (DADI), (HIKMA), (ACPH), and the (PIC). Grynbach constancy coefficients reached 84.0%, Percentages, Means, standard deviation, and, simple and multiple re...

  17. The impact of creative organizational climate on the innovation activity of medical devices manufacturing firms in Hungary

    Pörzse, Gábor; Takács, Sándor; Csedő, Zoltán; Berta, Zoltán; Sára, Zoltán; Fejes, József

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to empirically investigate the impact of creative organizational climate on the innovation activity of medical devices manufacturing firms in Hungary. We applied a combined qualitative and quantitative research model, focusing on two firm’s case studies that are active in the above mentioned sector and differ to a substantial degree in their innovation activities. The connection between innovative climate and innovation was analyzed by comparing their ...

  18. 组织免疫行为对组织绩效影响机制的实证研究%An Empirical Study on the Impact of Organizational Immunological Behavior on Organizational Performance

    吕萍

    2011-01-01

    借鉴生物免疫学新视角,探讨了组织免疫行为的理论维度及其对组织绩效的影响,构建了"组织免疫行为—组织免疫绩效—组织绩效"作用机制模型,并基于233家企业的问卷调查数据,采用路径分析方法进行了验证。研究结果显示,除组织文化要素外,组织非特异性免疫和特异性免疫均对组织绩效具有正向影响。组织免疫绩效对组织绩效具有正向影响,它在组织结构、制度规则和组织记忆对组织绩效的影响中起到完全中介作用,在组织防御对组织绩效的影响中起到部分中介作用。%With a new perspective borrowed from biological immunology,this study explores the theoretical dimensions of the concept of organizational immunological behavior and its impact on organizational performance.A mechanism model of ″organizational immunological behavior-organizational immunological performance-organizational performance″ is developed and examined based on 233 firm questionnaires by path analysis.The empirical results indicate that both non-specific immunology and specific immunology are positively related to organizational performance except for organizational culture.Organizational Immunological Performance is positively related to organizational performance,and it also plays a full mediating role on the relationships between organizational structure,rules,memory and organizational performance,while a partial mediating role on the relationship between organizational defense and organizational performance.

  19. THE IMPACT OF MARKETING PERFORMANCES ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCES IN THE CONTEXT OF ROMANIAN SUPPLY CHAINS

    Gyula Laszlo FLORIAN

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In order to achieve the desired performances and the increased value added to the final consumer, organizations need not only to integrate their core businesses and align them to business strategy but also to embrace the marketing philosophy. After presenting the main issues in operationalizing the marketing performances, we propose an empirical research using a working dataset of 64 firms from various industries to analyze the relationship between marketing and organizational performances. The research methodology employed is based on structural equations modeling. Results document that marketing orientation influences organizational performances in the framework of the supply chain management strategic approach to organizational performances.

  20. The Impact of changed organizational structures- on middle managers' perception of strategy and people management

    Madsen, Mona Toft; Madsen, Henning

    Much research on organizational change and middle management has emphasized the idea of flatter more performance- and customer focused organizations, in which middle managers’ main responsibilities concern elements of organizational change and development such as strategy involvement, and managing...... managers reported that the amount of managerial levels had actually been reduced in the last three years. Secondly, middle managers who had experienced such a reduction perceived aspects of strategy and organizational development as more important. Thirdly, such a reduction did not introduce significant...... changes in their perception of people management. Implications for research and practice are addressed in the discussion....

  1. The Impact of Organizational Learning Capability on Product Innovation Performance: Evidence from the Turkish Manufacturing Sector

    Özlem Yaşar Uğurlu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the effect of organizational learning capability on product innovation performance in the manufacturing sector using empirical data. A survey was conducted with 120 firms that were on the list of Top 1000 Firms of Turkey and registered with the Istanbul Chamber of Industry, to examine the relationship between the dimensions of organizational learning capability and the dimensions of product innovation performance. The findings of the study indicate a positive relationship between organizational learning capability and product innovation performance.

  2. Framework for the Analysis of Nanotechnologies’ Impacts and Ethical Acceptability: Basis of an Interdisciplinary Approach to Assessing Novel Technologies

    Patenaude, Johane; Legault, Georges-Auguste; Beauvais, Jacques; Bernier, Louise; Béland, Jean-Pierre; Boissy, Patrick; Chenel, Vanessa; Daniel, Charles-Étienne; Genest, Jonathan; Poirier, Marie-Sol; Tapin, Danielle

    2014-01-01

    The genetically manipulated organism (GMO) crisis demonstrated that technological development based solely on the law of the marketplace and State protection against serious risks to health and safety is no longer a warrant of ethical acceptability. In the first part of our paper, we critique the implicitly individualist social-acceptance model for State regulation of technology and recommend an interdisciplinary approach for comprehensive analysis of the impacts and ethical acceptability of ...

  3. Empirical Study of Impact of Organizational Citizenship Behaviour Dimensions on Job Satisfaction among Administrative Staff of Osun State owned Tertiary Institutions, Nigeria

    K.O. Itiola; Itunu I. Odebiyi; Ezekiel Alabi

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of organizational citizenship behavior dimensions on job satisfaction among academic staff in Osun State owned tertiary institutions. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 80 respondents through simple random sampling method. Multiple regression was used to analyze the data collected in order to determine the impact of independent variables OCB dimensions on dependent variables (JS). Result revealed that Organizational Citizenship Behaviors ...

  4. Impact of essential oils on the taste acceptance of tomato juice, vegetable soup, or poultry burgers.

    Espina, Laura; García-Gonzalo, Diego; Pagán, Rafael

    2014-08-01

    Despite the vast body of available literature on the possibilities of essential oils (EOs) as food preservatives or functional ingredients, the sensory impact of their addition to foods has barely been approached. This work focuses on the hedonic taste acceptance of 3 food products (tomato juice, vegetable soup, and poultry burgers) when they are incorporated with potentially antimicrobial concentrations (20 to 200 μL/L) of 6 selected EOs (lemon, pennyroyal mint, thyme, and rosemary) and individual compounds (carvacrol, p-cymene). Although addition of 20 μL/L of pennyroyal mint or lemon EO did not change the taste acceptance of tomato juice, higher concentrations of these compounds or any concentration of the other 4 compounds did. In vegetable soup, the tolerance limit for rosemary EO, thyme EO, carvacrol, or p-cymene was 20 μL/L, while the addition of 200 μL/L of lemon EO was accepted. Tolerance limits in poultry burgers were established in 20 μL/L for carvacrol and thyme EOs, 100 μL/L for pennyroyal mint EO and p-cymene, and 200 μL/L for lemon and rosemary EOs. Moreover, incorporation of pennyroyal mint EO to tomato juice or poultry burgers, and enrichment of vegetable soup with lemon EO, could contribute to the development of food products with an improved sensory appeal. PMID:25077550

  5. Psychological Acceptance Mediates the Impact of the Behaviour Problems of Children with Intellectual Disability on Fathers' Psychological Adjustment

    MacDonald, Elaine E.; Hastings, Richard P.; Fitzsimons, Elaine

    2010-01-01

    Background: Previous research with mothers of children with intellectual disabilities has shown that psychological acceptance is related to maternal psychological well-being. The present research extended this line of enquiry to fathers and explored the potential for psychological acceptance to mediate the impact of children's behaviour problems…

  6. The Impact of the Leadership Style on the Organizational Climate in a Public Entity

    Carmen NOVAC; Crina Iulia BRATANOV

    2014-01-01

    Many previous researches had explored the concepts of leadership styles and organizational climate, but just a very few had explored them together. Therefore, in order to be able to build a theoretical basis to this topic and then to develop a case study to emphasise the relationship between the leadership style implemented within a public sector entity and the organizational climate characteristics found in there, I immersed myself into the specific literature and considered different theore...

  7. THE IMPACT OF CULTURE AND ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE ON THE ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF COMPANIES

    Mirela Sîrbu; Doina Rosca

    2010-01-01

    During the present time, when the change represents the dominant characteristic of all the social-economical systems, it is necessary the administration of the organizational culture, which should assure the adapting to the permanent modifications from the internal and external environment of the organization. When the organizational change is made in optimal conditions and by a competent leadership, it constitutes an important success factor for enterprises. A powerful culture protects the o...

  8. Organizational error management culture and its impact on performance: a two study replication

    Dyck, van, R.; Frese, M; Baer, M; Sonnentag, S.

    2005-01-01

    The authors argue that a high-organizational error management culture, conceptualized to include norms and common practices in organizations (e.g., communicating about errors, detecting, analyzing, and correcting errors quickly), is pivotal to the reduction of negative and the promotion of positive error consequences. Organizational error management culture was positively related to firm performance across 2 studies conducted in 2 different European countries. On the basis of quantitative and...

  9. Managing uncertainty in crisis : exploring the impact of institutionalization on organizational sensemaking

    Lu, X.

    2014-01-01

    This book studies the variety of organizational strategy selection when coping with critical uncertainties during a crisis. In dealing with uncertainties, some organizations rely on organizational routines developed over time, while some others analyze uncertainty in an ad hoc way to provide a workable interpretation of that uncertainty. However, we do not know why some organizations select a rule-based strategy to cope with uncertainties whereas others follow a more ad hoc-based strategy. Th...

  10. The Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility Perception on The Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment

    TUZCU, Mehmet Arcan

    2014-01-01

    Corporate social responsibility activities influence the stakeholders in the first place, hence the employees, one of the vital stakeholders of the organizations. Social responsibility activities can have a direct effect on the job satisfaction and organizational commitment of employees. This paper investigates the employees’ perception on corporate social responsibility, and examines the effect of this perception on organizational commitment and job satisfaction. Hence, the individual factor...

  11. The Impact of Transformational Leadership on Employee Voice Behavior: The Role of Organizational Identification and Procedural

    Zengtian ZHANG; Xiuyuan GAO

    2014-01-01

    Through a questionnaire survey of 363 employees and their direct leaders in china, this study analyzes the effect of transformational leadership on employee voice behavior and the mediating role of organizational identification and procedural justice on the moderating effect. The results show that: the transformational leadership has a positive effect on employee voice behavior; transformational leadership affects employee voice through the mediating effect of organizational identification of...

  12. Impact of Supply Chain Management on the Relationship between Enterprise Resource Planning System and Organizational Performance

    Hashem Salarzadeh Jenatabadi; Hui Huang; Noor Azina Ismail; Nurulhuda Binti Mohd Satar; Che Wan Jasimah bt Wan Mohamed Radzi

    2013-01-01

    Two of the essential IT investment options that managers resort are supply chain management and enterpriseresource planning. These options are known in the relevant literature as factors contributing to the enhancementof organizational performance. The objective of this study is to investigate the enterprise resource planningadoption and its influence on organizational performance through supply chain management. This articlesuggests a new model which applies enterprise resource planning with...

  13. CROSS SECTIONAL EXAMINATION OF TEAM PERFORMANCE AND IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE ON TEAM BUILDING

    Yasin Munir; Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ehsan Malik; Faiqa Ejaz; Aqsa Alam; Aqsa Abbas

    2012-01-01

    In organizations proper process is made that helps the employees to bring an effective change for best team performance. Team building and change management are important factors in organizational environment. Both of these factors focus to have an outcome that affects self development, positive communication, leadership skills, and ability to work together as a team for solving problems. The main objective of our research is to know that how team building and organizational change can make b...

  14. To Investigate the Impact of Training, Employee Empowerment and Organizational Climate on Job Performance

    Haleema Zia; Hafiz Muhammad Ishaq; Salma Zahir; Faiz Ahmed

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates the quantitative relationship of training, employee empowerment and organizational climate with job performance. Job performance can be measured in terms of efficiency and effectiveness of employees-how well they perform their tasks in order to achieve organizational goals. Empowerment is very important tool to enhance productivity of an organization by enhancing job performance of employees. In certain conditions it may result in reducing job performance, which depend...

  15. The impact of leadership styles on organizational culture in Mapsa company

    Dariush Gholamzadeh; Azadeh Tahvildar Khazaneh; Manijeh Salimi Nabi

    2014-01-01

    This paper examines the effect of leadership styles on organizational culture by testing a hypothesized model. A quantitative survey using questionnaire was conducted among 93 employees from diverse work units of Mapsa Company in October 2012. They filled out multifactor leadership questionnaire and the Denison organizational culture survey. Results of structural equation modeling (SEM) showed that Transformational and Transactional leadership styles could positively influence on organization...

  16. Organizational Change and Vested Interest

    Hendrikse, G.W.J.

    1996-01-01

    The nature of organizational change and the value of headquarters is derived from a model with costs of delay, vested interests and costs of organizational change.The value of headquarters is derived from imposed organizational change. It is viewed as an institution which is able to prevent surplus reducing endogenous commitment.Imposed organizational change is predicted in circumstances where the desired change is not urgent, the loss of accepting lower offers than in the past is above a cer...

  17. Impact of experience on government policy toward acceptance of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in Korea

    As the 'low carbon, green growth' agenda, which emphasized sustainable development through equilibrium between economic growth and environmental preservation, is propagated rapidly in Korea. Despite this progress, it is not uncommon for new products made through advanced technologies, such as hydrogen fuel cell vehicles, to face public skepticism preventing market penetration. Therefore, the factors impacting customer acceptance of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles have to be estimated. Furthermore, it is necessary to examine whether or not the policies related to these products can prevent public skepticism regarding them. This empirical study examining the relationship between personal experiences related to the policy and acceptance of the innovative products of hydrogen fuel cell vehicles shows that government involvement in technology targeting and promotions administered by the 'low carbon, green growth' agenda rarely stimulate potential customers' purchase intentions. Thus, technology targeting administered by the 'low carbon, green growth' agenda needs to be reconciled with customer responses to the future market. - Highlights: → Experience of the 'low carbon, green growth' policy affects perception of it. → Positive perception on the policy seldom arouses positive perception on HFCV performance. → Technology targeting by the policy rarely stimulates purchase intention of HFCV. → Desire to be regarded as a person with environment concern impacts purchase intentions.→ Technology targeting by the policy needs to be reconciled with customer responses to it.

  18. Impact of Job Autonomy on Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction: The Moderating Role of Organizational Culture in Fast Food Sector of Pakistan

    S.M.M. Raza Naqvi

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This study inspected the effect of job autonomy on job satisfaction and organizational commitment with amoderating role of organizational culture in the fast food sector of Pakistan. A sample of 107 employees wasconsidered for this study. Employees included waiters, managers, supervisors and floor incharges of top fastfood restaurants operating in Rawalpindi and Islamabad. Results showed that an increase in job autonomyresults in an increased level of job satisfaction and organizational commitment and organizational culturemoderates this relationship. Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE

  19. Sociological Assessment of Job Alienation and its Impacts on Organizational Culture in Educational Organizations (the Case of Educational Staff in Mashhad

    Fereydon Vahida

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Sociologists believe the existence of corporations is necessary for society so that different roles can be assigned to people, facilitating social interactions and transactions. These roles help people control their social action and leads to relational cooperation. On the other hand, studies on culture are very significant in sociology, in which culture can be seen as a social pattern in society, involving values and believes, which produce a commonsense that leads to stability in social system. Numerous definitions are provided for culture, but one agreed definition comes from Habermas approach, in which culture is seen as a combination of beliefs and values under the name of common knowledge. Organizational culture (OC includes the combination of patterns that direct staff behavior in organization and motivate their action for goal achievement. One of the important issues in organizational studies is OC, because it is identified as a key factor in organizational success. As a collection of assumptions that determines organizational values and norms, OC also helps in defining organizational goals. Different cultural, social and historical factors can impact OC, and OC itself can impact staff performance, creativity, job satisfaction and commitment. So recognizing the factors that impact OC is important because it has a great deal of influence on organizational outputs. Job alienation is one of the important factors that can impact OC. It leads to conflict between actions and value. In this research, OC is based on Denison model which divides it into 4 component: involvement, adaptation, mission, and integration. Using this model, the present study aims at explaining the impact of job alienation on organizational culture among educational staffs of Mashhad Country in 2013.     Methods & Material s   This is a survey study with descriptive and explanatory elements. Research instrument includes Denison's (2008 questionnaire of organizational

  20. Impact of organizational justice on satisfaction, commitment and turnover intention: Can fair treatment by organizations make a difference in their workers’ attitudes and behaviors?

    Gauri S. Rai

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the impact of organizational justice on specific attitudes and behaviors such as job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intention. The data were collected from 511 staff members from ten health and rehabilitation centers in a southern state in the United States. Pearson Correlations and Hierarchical Regression were used to analyze data. The findings revealed that distributive justice influenced job satisfaction, organizational commitment and turnover intentions. Procedural justice is only associated with organizational commitment. Informational justice affected only job satisfaction. Interpersonal justice was not related to any attitude or behavior included in this study. These findings suggest that if organizations want to improve job satisfaction and organizational commitment while reducing turnover intention, they need to pay more attention to developing programs and policies as well as leadership styles that encourage fairness.

  1. Studying the impact of the organizational commitment on the job performance

    Mojtaba Rafiei

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Success of any organization depends on the performance of its employees. Enhancing organizational commitment among employees is an important aspect to perform better. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of three components of organizational commitment; namely Affective, Continuance and Normative commitment, on employee’s performance. The study is applied among 244 employees of Cooperatives, Labor and Social Welfare department of Markazi Province using a single-stage cluster sampling. The study uses a standard questionnaire for organizational commitment developed by Allen and Meyer and job performance questionnaire developed by Patterson were used to gather data. Structural equations modeling (SEM technique has been used for data analysis. The result of this analysis indicates that the organizational commitment had a positive significant effect on the job performance. In addition, the study also showed that all three dimensions of organizational commitment, Affective, continuance, and normative commitment, had a positive significant effect on the job performance. From the findings, it has been proved that job performance was strongly associated with employee's commitment.

  2. The Impact of Risks in Supply Chain on Organizational Performances: Evidence from Romania

    Gyula Laszlo FLORIAN

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The proposed empirical research uses a national sample of 64 Romanian companies from various industries to document the relationship between organizational performances and risks in the context of Romanian supply chains. Empirical findings show that a supply chain risk management strategy successfully mitigates the negative consequences of risks. Our research underlines the changes necessary to maximize the benefits of supply chain integration. To extend the knowledge in this area our research is interdisciplinary, using a structural approach to model the determinants of organizational performances in supply chains and to measure the complex relationships among risks in supply chains and different facets of organizational performances in the context of Romanian supply chains.

  3. Feasibility, acceptance and impact of Team-based Learning in Neurology: a pilot study

    Brich, Jochen

    2013-01-01

    Background/Goal: Neurology is rated as one of the most difficult specialties by medical students, as well as by medical practitioners in other areas. Team-based learning (TBL) as a method of active and group-based learning seems to be a suitable method to achieve greater learning success and a better understanding of neurology. Methods: The TBL neurology course was designed as a supplemental program within the regular neurology course for third-year medical students. This supplemental course consisted of six 90-minute units as a pilot study during the 2011-12 winter semester and was evaluated in terms of time and effort. The acceptance of the TBL concept in general, as well as of the TBL neurology course in particular, was assessed using written evaluations. The results of the final exam were analyzed with regard to participation in TBL and the content imparted therein. Results: The preparation time was approximately 8 hours per unit. The implementation was without difficulty. The high rate of regular attendance and the consistently very positive evaluation results indicated a high acceptance of the TBL concept in general, as well as of the TBL neurology course in particular. TBL participants displayed better results on the final exam in topics also covered in the TBL units. Conclusion: The resulting achievement of a subjectively better understanding and a simultaneously higher level of interest in neurology justified the one-time, relatively intense preparation effort for TBL. The high acceptance among students inexperienced in teamwork suggests an unproblematic transfer to other preclinical or clinical courses. The impact on measurably improved results in clinical reasoning and problem-solving skills should be further investigated in the context of controlled studies. PMID:23737917

  4. IMPACT OF ETHICAL VALUES PROMOTED BY PROFESSIONAL ACCOUNTANTS ON THE ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE

    GRETI DANIELA TOGOE

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to point out the contribution of professional accountants to the sustainable development of organization and the way they generate sustainable organizational success through their direct involvement in creating organizational culture. Professional accountants can be considered value creators in organizations because of their commitment in developing and implementing strategies, policies, plans, structures and governance measures which set the framework for the creation of added value. The ethics and values of conduct in organizations are supported by professional accountants through their behavior and the actions they carry out. Thus, the quality of professional judgment becomes a differentiating factor for accounting professionals

  5. Exploring visitor acceptability for hardening trails to sustain visitation and minimize impacts

    Cahill, K.L.; Marion, J.L.; Lawson, S.R.

    2008-01-01

    Protected natural area managers are challenged to provide high quality recreation opportunities and ensure the protection of resources from impacts associated with visitation. Development of visitor use facilities and application of site hardening practices are commonly applied tools for achieving these competing management objectives. This study applies stated choice analysis to examine visitor opinions on acceptability when they are asked to make tradeoffs among competing social, resource and management attributes in backcountry and frontcountry settings of Acadia National Park. This study demonstrates that asking visitors about recreation setting attributes uni-dimensionally, a common approach, can yield less informative responses. Analyses that considered direct tradeoffs revealed more divergent opinions on acceptability for setting attributes than a unidimensional approach. Findings revealed that visitors to an accessible and popular attraction feature supported trail development options to protect resource conditions with unrestricted visitor access. In contrast, visitors to a remote undeveloped island expressed stronger support for no or limited trail development and access restrictions to protect resource conditions.

  6. Organizational Performance

    Renata Peregrino de Brito

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a theoretical and empirical analysis of the relationship between human resource management (HRM and organizational performance. Theoretically, we discuss the importance of HRM for the development of resources and its impact on business performance. Empirically, we evaluated articles published on Brazilian academic journals that addressed such relationships. The results showed a lack of studies conducted at this intersection. From the universe of 2,469 articles, only 16 (0.6% sought to relate HRM and organizational performance. We observed a dominance of isolated HR practices, which does not consider HRM as a system, and of operational performance measures, relative to financial and efficiency variables. Most studies show a positive relationship between HRM practices and performance, in line with the literature. However, we point out some methodological issues, such as the difficulty of isolating the HR practices from its context, the failure to consider the temporality of this relationship, and the comparison between companies from different industries.

  7. The impact of employee communication and perceived external prestige on organizational identification

    A. Smidts (Ale); C.B.M. van Riel (Cees); A.Th.H. Pruyn

    2000-01-01

    textabstractEmployees' Organizational Identification (OI) is measured in a customer service organization. Particularly the effects of employee communication and perceived external prestige (PEP) on OI were evaluated. Results show that employee communication affects OI more strongly than PEP. One asp

  8. Understanding Informal Feedback Seeking in the Workplace: The Impact of the Position in the Organizational Hierarchy

    van der Rijt, Janine; Van den Bossche, Piet; Segers, Mien S. R.

    2013-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the position of employees in the organizational hierarchy is important in explaining their feedback seeking behaviour. Design/methodology/approach: This study takes a social network perspective by using an ego-centric network survey to investigate employees' feedback seeking behaviour…

  9. Gender and Leadership. The Impact of Organizational Culture of Public Institutions

    Felicia Cornelia MACARIE

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available This study approaches the public organizations and their organizational culture by taking into account the gender factor. More specifically, it will approach women’s presence in the leadership of public organizations, the influence of the public organizational culture in the promotion of women in middle and top management positions, and it will finally identify the defining characteristics of the organizational culture of the institutions led by women in comparison to those led by men. Our study is based on a research conducted in Bistriţa-Năsăud County, Romania, by applying a survey in 12 public organizations. The survey comprises 16 questions, seven of which are open questions; 25 women with different positions in the medium and the top management of public institutions were surveyed. The conclusions of the research confirm the existence of some clear differences in the organizational culture of womenled and respectively, men-led public institutions. At the same time, the study identifies possible causes for the low presence of women in the public top management in contrast to their high presence in the execution positions.

  10. The Impact of Catholic School Identity and Organizational Leadership on the Vitality of Catholic Elementary Schools

    Hobbie, Marian; Convey, John J.; Schuttloffel, Merylann J.

    2010-01-01

    In order to fulfill their role of teaching children to receive Jesus and live out his call to create the Kingdom of God on earth and in heaven, Catholic schools need to possess and foster the distinctive characteristics of Catholic school identity. This study examined the relationship between Catholic school identity and organizational leadership…

  11. Impact of Leadership Styles on Employees' Organizational Commitment in Lithuanian Manufacturing Companies

    Bučiūnienė Ilona; Škudienė Vida

    2008-01-01

    This article investigates the relationship between employees' organizational commitment dimensions and leadership styles in Lithuanian manufacturing companies. The findings of the study reveal positive correlations between a transformational leadership style and affective and normative employee commitments. A laissez-faire leadership style was found to be negatively associated with employees' affective commitment.

  12. An Investigation of the Impact of International Branch Campuses on Organizational Culture

    Tierney, William G.; Lanford, Michael

    2015-01-01

    The authors first survey the factors related to globalization that have stimulated the creation of international branch campuses. They then contend that the viability of an international branch campus should not be solely evaluated from a rational choice perspective oriented toward economic self-interest. Rather, the organizational culture of the…

  13. Impact of Leader’s Change-Promoting Behavior on Readiness for Change: A Mediating Role of Organizational Culture

    M. Shahnawaz Adil

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of the leader’s change-promoting behavior on employee’s readiness for change and whether the organizational culture mediates this relationship. A sample of 205 responses is drawn from employees having junior or senior level of managerial responsibilities in Karachi. The method of both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses is employed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the measurement model. The structural equation modeling method was then applied to examine the theoretical framework with the help of seven frequently reported goodness-of-fit indices. The results indicate that leader’s change-promoting behavior has a significant positive impact on change readiness and the organizational culture partially mediates the positive relationship between the leader’s change-promoting behavior and change readiness. The present study supports the theory of one of the six conceptual formations of change readiness that it is reflected as employee’s capacity to change. Therefore, managers should clearly advocate the desired change with the help of their own change-prompting behavior as well as establishing a trusting culture in their organization. Future studies may ascertain the impact of employees’ readiness for change in their commitment to change in the context of Pakistan which could further lead to passive or active change-related behaviors.

  14. Organizational governance

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Klein, Peter G.

    This chapter reviews and discusses rational-choice approaches to organizational governance. These approaches are found primarily in organizational economics (virtually no rational-choice organizational sociology exists), particularly in transaction cost economics, principal-agent theory, and the...

  15. Conference on landscape impacts of wind energy and local acceptance: France-Germany crossed views

    The French-German office for Renewable energies (OFAEnR) organised a conference on the landscape impacts of wind energy. In the framework of this French-German exchange of experience, more than 100 participants exchanged views on the environmental impact of wind farms and the opinion of residents. This document brings together the available presentations (slides) made during this event: 1 - French people and wind energy (Mila Galiano); 2 - Wind energy acceptance in Germany: an essential factor for the wind industry development (Joerg Mayer); 3 - Taking into account landscapes and residents in the development of wind farms: a France-Germany comparison (Pia Laborgne, Alain Nadai); 3 - Wind energy development supervision thanks to territorial planning in Germany (Guenter Ratzbor); 4 - Landscape challenges in wind energy development: point of view and role of a state decentralised department (Marie-Odile Ratouis); 5 - Park or landscape - Wind turbines as elements of the cultural landscape (Soeren Schoebel-Rutschmann); 6 - How should a developer approach the 'landscape' aspect when foreseeing a wind energy project installation (Jean-Francois Petit); 7 - More consensual wind energy projects along highways, railways and overhead power lines? (Dieter Guennewig); 8 - The 'wings top': un example of participatory and citizen's project (David Portales)

  16. Framework for the analysis of nanotechnologies' impacts and ethical acceptability: basis of an interdisciplinary approach to assessing novel technologies.

    Patenaude, Johane; Legault, Georges-Auguste; Beauvais, Jacques; Bernier, Louise; Béland, Jean-Pierre; Boissy, Patrick; Chenel, Vanessa; Daniel, Charles-Étienne; Genest, Jonathan; Poirier, Marie-Sol; Tapin, Danielle

    2015-04-01

    The genetically manipulated organism (GMO) crisis demonstrated that technological development based solely on the law of the marketplace and State protection against serious risks to health and safety is no longer a warrant of ethical acceptability. In the first part of our paper, we critique the implicitly individualist social-acceptance model for State regulation of technology and recommend an interdisciplinary approach for comprehensive analysis of the impacts and ethical acceptability of technologies. In the second part, we present a framework for the analysis of impacts and acceptability, devised-with the goal of supporting the development of specific nanotechnological applications-by a team of researchers from various disciplines. At the conceptual level, this analytic framework is intended to make explicit those various operations required in preparing a judgement about the acceptability of technologies that have been implicit in the classical analysis of toxicological risk. On a practical level, we present a reflective tool that makes it possible to take into account all the dimensions involved and understand the reasons invoked in determining impacts, assessing them, and arriving at a judgement about acceptability. PMID:24728612

  17. Organizational Culture and the Organizational Commitment; Correlational Study in Hospital Staffs

    Hojjat Rahmani; Samad Azari; Ghasem rajabi Vasokolaee; Masood Taheri Mirghaed; Mehdi Raadabadi

    2015-01-01

    Organizations need the committed manpower to provide effectiveness and progress which is an important factorin order to achieve organizational goals. According to this, organizational culture increases employeescommitment in the organization by their accepted norms and values. Actually, the organization environment &its prevailing culture, affects on the organizational commitment of staff. This study was conducted to assessrelationship between the organizational culture and the organizati...

  18. Impact of Supply Chain Management on the Relationship between Enterprise Resource Planning System and Organizational Performance

    Hashem Salarzadeh Jenatabadi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Two of the essential IT investment options that managers resort are supply chain management and enterpriseresource planning. These options are known in the relevant literature as factors contributing to the enhancementof organizational performance. The objective of this study is to investigate the enterprise resource planningadoption and its influence on organizational performance through supply chain management. This articlesuggests a new model which applies enterprise resource planning with supply chain management to optimalorganizational performance. Structural equation model was utilized to test the model fitting level and the fourproposed hypotheses. The required data for this research was collected from 174 companies in Malaysia throughprepared surveys. The results support, through empirical evidences, the existence of positive effects ofenterprise resource planning on the supply chain which ultimately results in improved overall performance ofthe studied organizations. 

  19. The impact of electronic commerce on organizational structure: a case study of e- commerce decentralization

    ADALTON MASALU OZAKI

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the problem of centralizing vs. decentralizing an organizational structure for e-commerce. First, a conceptual framework is designed based on the literature. Then a case study of the Brazilian subsidiary of a major chemical multinational is explained and analyzed. A decision-making method is applied to (a identify the alternatives for organizational structures and evaluation criteria, and (b determine which criteria enable one to identify an alternative as better than the others. In the context of the case, a centralized e-commerce structure was recommended. This paper makes two main contributions to theory. First, it shows t he usefulness of the literature on R&D and innovation management as theoretical support for studies in other fields, in this case e- commerce organization. Second, it provides a methodology, which can be adapted for use by companies facing the same decision problem. Thoughts on possible future studies close the article.

  20. Subordinate's trust in the supervisor and its impact on organizational effectiveness

    2011-01-01

    This study tested a model of trust-in-supervisor that included propensity to trust and supervisor attributes (i.e., ability, benevolence, and integrity) as antecedents, and affective organizational commitment and helping intention as criterion outcomes. A field survey using a structured questionnaire was used to gather data from 255 white-collar employees from diverse occupations and organizations. Path analysis results showed that supervisor ability, benevolence, and integrity as well as emp...

  1. THE IMPACT OF MARKETING PERFORMANCES ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCES IN THE CONTEXT OF ROMANIAN SUPPLY CHAINS

    Gyula Laszlo FLORIAN; Csaba PAJZOS

    2015-01-01

    In order to achieve the desired performances and the increased value added to the final consumer, organizations need not only to integrate their core businesses and align them to business strategy but also to embrace the marketing philosophy. After presenting the main issues in operationalizing the marketing performances, we propose an empirical research using a working dataset of 64 firms from various industries to analyze the relationship between marketing and organizational performances. T...

  2. Application Performance Management Impact On Organizational Performance Local Company Studies In West Java - Indonesia

    Teni Listiani; Dwi Kartini

    2015-01-01

    Abstract This study aimed to analyze the effect on the performance of the companys performance management area. Management performance is measured through three dimensions performance planning performance assessment and feeding it behind. While organizational performance is measured through four dimensions financial perspective customer perspective internal business processes and learning and growth perspective. The unit of analysis in this research area comprising 30 companies from 23 taps 6...

  3. PERCEIVED ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT AND ITS IMPACT TO THE TURNOVER INTENTION: A CORRELATION ANALYSIS

    Ramesh Kumar; Koh Geok Eng

    2012-01-01

    Employees’ commitment is very important for an organization. Once the employees’ commitments reduce, the organization could face the difficulty in retaining the employees. The purpose of this study is to examine whether there is significant relationship between organizational commitment and turnover intention. The total size of the sample is 278 respondents from top level management to low level employees in G hotel, Gurney hotel, and Evergreen Laurel hotel, Penang, Malaysia. By using a corre...

  4. Role of Quality Management Practices in Employee Engagement and its impact on Organizational Performance

    Sathishkumar, A S; Karthikeyan, Dr .P.

    2014-01-01

    Employee engagement has emerged as a critical driver of business success in todays competitive marketplace. Further, employee engagement can be a deciding factor in organizational success. Not only does engagement have the potential to significantly affect employee retention, productivity and loyalty, it is also a key link to Quality management practices in functional process quality, which results in performance, customer satisfaction, company reputation and overall stakeholder value. Thus, ...

  5. The impact of organizational cynicsm on job performance: a survey research at vocational colleges

    Çakıcı, Ayşehan; Doğan, Seçkin

    2014-01-01

    Organisational cynicism is a negative attitude towards one's employing organization. Research has been conducted to identify the organizational cynicism’s effect on work performance. The data was collected through a questionnaire which was implemented face to face with the academic and administrative staff at a Public University’s Vocational Colleges. 116 academic staff and 68 administrative personnel participated in the survey. The organisational cynicism displayed by the academicians and th...

  6. Implications of Information Technology in Developing Countries and Its Impact in Organizational Change

    Bahar Kenaroglu

    2003-01-01

    The survival and growth of organizations in an increasingly turbulent environment would depend upon effective utilization of information technology for aligning the organizational structure with environmental preferences and for creating symbiotic interorganizational structures. How can IT help the organizations in responding to the challenges of an increasingly complex and uncertain environment? How can IT help the organizations achieve the “flexible” organization structure? These are the to...

  7. The impact of organizational culture on Concurrent Engineering, Design-for-Safety, and product safety performance.

    A. Zhu; von Zedtwitz, M.; Assimakopoulos, D.; Fernandes, K

    2016-01-01

    This paper empirically extends the research on the relationships between organizational culture, new product development (NPD) practices, and product safety performance (PSP). Using Schein's conceptualization of culture (i.e., underlying assumptions, espoused values, and artifacts), we build and test a model among five variables: top management commitment to safety (MCS), group level product safety culture (PSC) at NPD, Concurrent Engineering (CE), Design-for-Safety (DFS), and product safety ...

  8. The Impact of Structural Empowerment on Organizational Citizenship Behavior-Organization and Job Performance: A Mediating Role of Burnout

    Hina Jaffery

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The banking sector employees are usually exposed to potential job burnout which impacts their employee performance. This study examined the impact of structural empowerment on organizational citizenship behavior-organization (henceforth, OCBO and job performance and further examined the mediating effect of job burnout in the relationships of structural empowerment, OCBO and job performance. In this study, data from 282 employees was taken from four banks: both public and private sectors. Two stage sampling technique was carried out to collect data. In the first stage probability cluster sampling and in the second stage convenience sampling was used. Different data analysis techniques like correlation, regression analysis, were used to test the four hypotheses of the study. Findings show that there are strong positive relationships of structural empowerment with OCBO and job performance. It has also proved that job burnout strongly mediates the relationship of structural empowerment and organizational citizenship-behavior (OCBO and weakly mediates the relationship between structural empowerment and job performance. The findings would help the HR executives of the organizations to formulate future development to combat the burnout and ensure effective overall performance of employees through structurally empowering them.

  9. An empirical study to measure the impact of e-business on organizational performance with an emphasis on integrated production information

    Hadi Meftahi

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available During the past few decades, there have been different studies on e-business but there are limited numbers of works accomplished on measuring the impact of e-business on supply chain. Although e-business may not directly influence on organizational performance, it can have significant indirect impact on unifying customers and suppliers, which yields to a better performance of organizations. In this study, we perform an empirical study to measure the indirect impact of e-business on organizational performance. The proposed study of this paper designs a questionnaire and distributes it among 40 professional experts in various industries in province of Ilam, Iran. The survey examines four hypothesis for a possible correlation between e-business and integrated suppliers, e-business and customers, integrated customers and suppliers with organizational performance. The results of this survey confirm a positive relationship between all these components either directly or indirectly.

  10. Organizational Learning and Crisis Management

    Wang, Jia

    2007-01-01

    The impact of crises on organizations has been stronger than ever. This article explores the role of organizational learning in crisis management, an area that has received little attention from HRD community. Recognizing the dynamics and interconnectedness of crisis management, organizational learning, and organizational change, the article…

  11. A study on the effect of organizational justice on organizational citizenship and organizational commitment

    Jalil Ghafourian

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study on the effect of organizational justice on organizational citizenship and organizational commitment in Iran. The proposed study designs a questionnaire and distributes it among some employees of Islamic Azad University and, using structural equation modeling, we investigate the effect of organizational justice on organizational citizenship as well as organizational commitment. The study selects 142 people from 255 regular employees who work for the university and distributes the questionnaire designed in Likert scale. Cronbach alphas have been determined for organizational citizenship, organizational justice and commitment as 0.924, 0.94 and 0.73, which are well above the minimum acceptable level. The results indicate that procedural justice has the most effect on organizational commitment followed by interactive justice and distributive justice. In addition, obedience has the most influential effect followed by loyalty, partnership, innovation and behavior. Finally, the survey shows that organizational citizenship is influenced mostly by loyalty and partnership. In summary, the effect of organizational justice on organizational citizenship and organizational commitment has been confirmed.

  12. Consumer Acceptability of Cucumber Pickles Produced by Fermentation in Calcium Chloride Brine for Reduced Environmental Impact.

    Wilson, Emily M; Johanningsmeier, Suzanne D; Osborne, Jason A

    2015-06-01

    Fermentation of cucumbers in calcium chloride (CaCl2 ) brine has been proposed as an alternative process to reduce the environmental impact of traditional, high salt fermentations. The objective of this research was to determine whether consumer acceptability of pickle products would be impacted by fermentation and storage of cucumbers in CaCl2 brine. Cucumbers were fermented and stored with 0.1M CaCl2 or 1M sodium chloride (NaCl) in open-air, 3000 gal tanks at a commercial facility and processed into hamburger dill chips containing 0.38M NaCl. Cucumbers fermented in CaCl2 required additional desalting to reduce CaCl2 concentrations to that of current products. Consumers (n = 101) showed no significant preference for pickles from different fermentation treatments, whether stored for 2 mo (P = 0.75) or 8 mo (P = 0.68) prior to processing. In contrast, NaCl fermented pickles were preferred over CaCl2 fermented pickles stored for 10 mo and desalted only once (P preference tests indicated that the taste of CaCl2 was not the factor affecting consumer preference, and the 50% detection threshold of CaCl2 in dill pickle chips was found to be 61.8 ± 7.6 mM, indicating that processors could potentially use CaCl2 fermentations with a single desalting step. Consumer liking of flavor (n = 73) was not influenced by fermentation in CaCl2 or by 23 or 35 mM CaCl2 in finished products (P > 0.05), but variability in texture decreased consumer liking (P < 0.05). Although promising, individual fermentation variability and texture quality of CaCl2 fermented products should be further evaluated prior to broad implementation of this process. PMID:25981784

  13. 组织学习影响组织创造力的知识获取路径研究%Research on the Knowledge Acquisition Path of the Impacts of Organizational Learning on Organizational Creativity

    刘新梅; 白杨

    2013-01-01

    To demonstrate the relationship between organizational learning style and organizational creativity, based on the knowledge-based theory, this study attempts to explore the inner mechanism between organizational learning style and organizational creativity from the perspective of external knowledge acquisition. The research constructs the external knowledge acquisition path of how organizational learning impacts organizational creativity according to the significant difference in information content between market knowledge and technological knowledge. The survey collected 275 valid enterprise samples, employing structural e-quation modeling method for statistical analysis of sample data, Results show that exploration learning promotes technological knowledge acquisition through affecting market knowledge acquisition, and ultimately exerts an impact on the path of organizational creativity, while exploitation learning affects organizational creativity mainly through promoting technological knowledge acquisition. Technological knowledge and market knowledge acquisition play different mediating roles in the impact of organizational learning on organizational creativity, and compared to exploitation learning, exploration learning makes a more effective use of external knowledge acquisition and thus affects organizational creativity.%为了探明组织学习方式与组织创造力之间的相关关系,基于知识的基础观理论,尝试从外部知识获取的视角出发,探索组织学习方式与组织创造力之间的内在机理,根据市场知识与技术知识信息偏重的不同,构建组织学习方式影响组织创造力的外部知识获取路径.采用问卷调查收集275个有效的企业样本,运用结构方程模型方法对样本数据进行统计分析.研究结果表明,探索式学习通过影响市场知识获取进而推动技术知识获取,最终影响组织创造力的作用路径,利用式学习则主要通过对技术知识获取的

  14. Adoption of Mobile Commerce: The Impact of End User Satisfaction on System Acceptance

    Morteza Ghobakhloo; Tang S.H.; Norzima Zulkifli

    2013-01-01

    Although voluntary individual usage behavior of information system and technology is well studied in the literature, further theoretical development is needed to account for the specific characteristics of the mobile commerce. This study presents an extended technology acceptance and satisfaction model presented by Wixom and Todd (2005) that integrates technology acceptance and technology satisfaction into unified model to investigate what determines user mobile commerce acceptance and usage....

  15. The impact of gendered organizational systems on women’s career advancement

    O’Neil, Deborah A.; Hopkins, Margaret M.

    2015-01-01

    In this Perspective article we propose that in order to pave the way for women’s career advancement into the senior ranks of organizations, attention must be directed at the systemic norms and structures that drive the gendered nature of the workplace. A focus on individual level issues, i.e., women lacking confidence and women opting out, detracts from the work that must be done at the organizational level in order to dismantle the system of pervasive, structural disadvantage facing women se...

  16. Simulation Research of the TOC-Based Cost Accounting Impacting on Organizational Performance

    MA Guo-feng; TU Mei-zeng; SHI Zhan-zhong

    2005-01-01

    After introducing a new management philosophy called Theory of Constraints (TOC), Dr Eli Goldratt applied it to the field of accounting, and formed a new set of measures for cost accounting. These measures are Throughput Contribution, Inventory and Operating Expenses. This paper applied the constraint-based cost accounting to three kinds of strategies decisions including contraction, cost and market, and uses the Gedunken experiment to do a contrastive research between the cost accounting based on TOC and the full-absorption cost accounting. The experiment proves that the cost accounting based on TOC outperforms the traditional cost accounting, and greatly improves organizational performance.

  17. Organizational-level study of the impact of past turnover on future turnover in the Sultanate of Oman

    Ruqaiya Mohamed Al Balushi

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Turnover phenomena attracted researchers from all over the world for generations. Most of this research was directed towards turnover antecedents with a few scattered conceptual and empirical studies related to turnover consequences. The purpose of this study is to investigate the impact of past turnover on future turnover in public organizations, in addition to test the mediation role of organizational climate in this relationship. Public schools as separate identities were the best choice as the study sample. Data were collected through questionnaires from 142 public schools in all educational regions in Oman. Two-step structural equation modeling approach, and nested model comparison were used for data analysis. The results revealed that: (1 past turnover predicts future turnover, significantly; (2 organizational climate fails to mediate this relationship. The study added to the body of knowledge by confirming Staw’s hypothesis relating past turnover to future turnover in the Omani context. Human resource professionals and educational administration practitioners may play an important role in decreasing future turnover by tackling and decreasing past turnover, in addition to improving the relationship climate in schools. The study is limited to public schools in Oman and further studies about turnover consequences in the Arabic context are needed to affirm the results.

  18. A Preliminary Study on the Measures to Assess the Organizational Safety: The Cultural Impact on Human Error Potential

    The Fukushima I nuclear accident following the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami on 11 March 2011 occurred after twelve years had passed since the JCO accident which was caused as a result of an error made by JCO employees. These accidents, along with the Chernobyl accident, associated with characteristic problems of various organizations caused severe social and economic disruptions and have had significant environmental and health impact. The cultural problems with human errors occur for various reasons, and different actions are needed to prevent different errors. Unfortunately, much of the research on organization and human error has shown widely various or different results which call for different approaches. In other words, we have to find more practical solutions from various researches for nuclear safety and lead a systematic approach to organizational deficiency causing human error. This paper reviews Hofstede's criteria, IAEA safety culture, safety areas of periodic safety review (PSR), teamwork and performance, and an evaluation of HANARO safety culture to verify the measures used to assess the organizational safety

  19. The Impact of the Leadership Style on the Organizational Climate in a Public Entity

    Carmen NOVAC

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Many previous researches had explored the concepts of leadership styles and organizational climate, but just a very few had explored them together. Therefore, in order to be able to build a theoretical basis to this topic and then to develop a case study to emphasise the relationship between the leadership style implemented within a public sector entity and the organizational climate characteristics found in there, I immersed myself into the specific literature and considered different theoretical patterns in particular for the above mentioned concepts.People’s general perception is that public organizations rarely achieve their objectives, the employees are not doing their job properly and there is no efficiency in using neither resources nor proper motivation of employees. This negative image could be a projection of the internal dissatisfaction towards payment, recognition, career prospects and leader's behaviour. Consequently, a deeper leader's actions analysis will provide further information on this perception and so will do the study of the organisational climate.The concept of organizational climate has a great deal of components through which it can be defined. Some of the organizational climate essential factors are: the structure, motivation, interpersonal relations, flexibility, support, communication, information, working conditions, rules and regulations, objectives, management and leadership. People tend to internalize the organizational climate and as a result the way they perceive it has an important role on their behaviour. Thus, there is a strong relationship between the leader's behaviour and the organisational climate.It is known that a leader’s best way of action depends on a series of situational factors and the employees' level of professionalism is one of them. Public sector leaders should also adapt themselves to the organisational climate requirements and should adopt a more flexible working system. Through their

  20. People, organizational, and leadership factors impacting informatics support for clinical and translational research

    Payne Philip RO

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In recent years, there have been numerous initiatives undertaken to describe critical information needs related to the collection, management, analysis, and dissemination of data in support of biomedical research (J Investig Med 54:327-333, 2006; (J Am Med Inform Assoc 16:316–327, 2009; (Physiol Genomics 39:131-140, 2009; (J Am Med Inform Assoc 18:354–357, 2011. A common theme spanning such reports has been the importance of understanding and optimizing people, organizational, and leadership factors in order to achieve the promise of efficient and timely research (J Am Med Inform Assoc 15:283–289, 2008. With the emergence of clinical and translational science (CTS as a national priority in the United States, and the corresponding growth in the scale and scope of CTS research programs, the acuity of such information needs continues to increase (JAMA 289:1278–1287, 2003; (N Engl J Med 353:1621–1623, 2005; (Sci Transl Med 3:90, 2011. At the same time, systematic evaluations of optimal people, organizational, and leadership factors that influence the provision of data, information, and knowledge management technologies and methods are notably lacking. Methods In response to the preceding gap in knowledge, we have conducted both: 1 a structured survey of domain experts at Academic Health Centers (AHCs; and 2 a subsequent thematic analysis of public-domain documentation provided by those same organizations. The results of these approaches were then used to identify critical factors that may influence access to informatics expertise and resources relevant to the CTS domain. Results A total of 31 domain experts, spanning the Biomedical Informatics (BMI, Computer Science (CS, Information Science (IS, and Information Technology (IT disciplines participated in a structured surveyprocess. At a high level, respondents identified notable differences in theaccess to BMI, CS, and IT expertise and services depending on the

  1. A survey on impact of emotional intelligence, organizational citizenship behaviors and job satisfaction on employees’ performance in Iranian hotel industry

    Kambiz Heidarzadeh Hanzaee

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of employees’ Emotional Intelligence (EI, Job Satisfaction (JS and Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB on Employee's Performance (EP in Iranian hotel industry. The proposed study of this paper designs a questionnaire and distributes it among 225 employees who have a high interaction with customers in hotel industry. In order to describe the data, the frequency distribution tables have been used and the structural equations model (SEM has been used to describe the data. The results of this survey have confirmed all the proposed hypotheses of this survey except the one, which was associated with the relationship between OCB on EP. Therefore, EI have positive impacts on JS, OCB and EP in Iranian hotel industry. Conclusion and Managerial implications have been offers.

  2. Awareness of Stress-reduction Interventions: The Impact on Employees' Well-being and Organizational Attitudes.

    Pignata, Silvia; Boyd, Carolyn; Gillespie, Nicole; Provis, Christopher; Winefield, Anthony H

    2016-08-01

    Employing the social-exchange theoretical framework, we examined the effect of employees' awareness of stress-reduction interventions on their levels of psychological strain, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, perceptions of senior management trustworthiness and procedural justice. We present longitudinal panel data from 869 employees who completed questionnaires at two time points at 13 Australian universities. Our results show that employees who reported an awareness of stress-reduction interventions undertaken at their university scored lower on psychological strain and higher on job satisfaction and commitment than those who were unaware of the interventions. The results suggest that simply the awareness of stress interventions can be linked to positive employee outcomes. The study further revealed that senior management trustworthiness and procedural justice mediate the relationship between awareness and employee outcomes. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:25066108

  3. The impact of trial runs on the acceptability of pigouvian taxes: experimental evidence

    Cherry, Todd L.; Kallbekken, Steffen; Kroll, Stephen

    2011-07-01

    This paper examines the political difficulty of enacting welfare-enhancing Pigouvian taxes. Using referenda in a market experiment with externalities, we investigate the effect of trial periods on the acceptability of two theoretically equivalent variants of Pigouvian taxes. While implementing either tax is in subjects material self-interest, we find significant levels of opposition to both tax schemes, though the level differs considerably. Results show that trial runs can overcome initial tax aversion, significantly increasing acceptability. The effect is robust across tax schemes, but a trial with one scheme does not affect the acceptability of the other. Trial periods also mitigate initial biases in preferences of alternative tax schemes. (auth)

  4. The Impact of Organizational Climate on Burnout among Homeroom Teachers and Special Education Teachers (Full Classes/Individual Pupils) in Mainstream Schools

    Lavian, Rivka Hillel

    2012-01-01

    This article reports on a quantitative research study designed to examine the impact of organizational climate on burnout among homeroom and special education teachers working in Israeli state (non-religious) schools. The research literature identifies various causes for teacher burnout, offering evidence that special education teachers experience…

  5. 组织政治技能、组织信任对隐性知识共享的影响研究%The impact of organizational political skill and organizational trust on tacit knowledge sharing

    张生太; 梁娟

    2012-01-01

    The impact of organizational political skill and organizational trust on tacit knowledge sharing is examined. Based on a survey of 264 employees from 18 firms located at Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, the regression analysis model is applied to verify the relationship between these variables. The results indicate that organizational political skill has four dimensions, that is, political sensitivity, interpersonal influence, the force of relationship development, the force of coordination; and these four dimensions of organizational political skill are positively related to organizational trust and tacit knowledge sharing. Finally, the implications and limitation of the study and the suggestions for future research arc also discussed.%在文献回顾的基础上,建立了组织政治技能、组织信任和隐性知识共享之间的关系模型,并对内蒙古自治区18家企业264名员工的调查问卷数据,应用回归分析方法对该模型进行了验证。结果表明组织政治技能的四个维度:政治敏锐性、人际影响力、关系拓展力、组织协调力对组织信任和隐性知识共享均有显著的正向影响。组织信任完全中介了组织政治技能和隐性知识共享之间的关系。最后总结分析了该研究对于理论和实践的贡献以及对未来研究的启示。

  6. The impact of autism spectrum disorder and alexithymia on judgments of moral acceptability.

    Brewer, Rebecca; Marsh, Abigail A; Catmur, Caroline; Cardinale, Elise M; Stoycos, Sarah; Cook, Richard; Bird, Geoffrey

    2015-08-01

    One's own emotional response toward a hypothetical action can influence judgments of its moral acceptability. Some individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibit atypical emotional processing, and moral judgments. Research suggests, however, that emotional deficits in ASD are due to co-occurring alexithymia, meaning atypical moral judgments in ASD may be due to alexithymia also. Individuals with and without ASD (matched for alexithymia) judged the moral acceptability of emotion-evoking statements and identified the emotion evoked. Moral acceptability judgments were predicted by alexithymia. Crucially, however, this relationship held only for individuals without ASD. While ASD diagnostic status did not directly predict either judgment, those with ASD did not base their moral acceptability judgments on emotional information. Findings are consistent with evidence demonstrating that decision-making is less subject to emotional biases in those with ASD. PMID:26375827

  7. The television, school, and family project. V. The impact of curriculum delivery format on program acceptance.

    Brannon, B R; Dent, C W; Flay, B R; Smith, G; Sussman, S; Pentz, M A; Johnson, C A; Hansen, W B

    1989-07-01

    Social psychological interventions have been successful in preventing drug and tobacco use in adolescents, but target audience involvement has not been well documented. Examination of program acceptance is necessary to avoid ambiguity when interpreting findings within and across studies. This report presents results from a program acceptance study of a seventh-grade smoking/drug-use prevention and cessation field trial. The research design is an assessment of two experimentally manipulated variations in program delivery on the program acceptance of all provider and target groups involved. Experimental manipulations included classroom and mass broadcast television demonstrations of social resistance skills against pressures to smoke and use drugs. Three aspects of target audience program acceptance were assessed: participation, satisfaction, and perceived program efficacy. Respondents included the target audience (seventh-grade students and parents), instructors, classroom observers, and school administrative staff. Strong main effects of television delivery on student and parent participation were observed. The findings suggest the usefulness of student homework assignment to view television segments with parents at home as a strategy to achieve family involvement in school-based programs. Both television and classroom delivery separately demonstrated significant positive effects on overall program acceptance with moderate interactive effects on perceived program efficacy. While classroom teacher/observers and school administrators reported strong preferences for the experimental (social resistance) classroom curriculum, acceptance of experimental and comparison (information-based) curricula by the student/parent target audience was equivalent. PMID:2798371

  8. Organizational Networks

    Grande, Bård; Sørensen, Ole Henning

    1998-01-01

    The paper focuses on the concept of organizational networks. Four different uses of the concept of organizational network are identified and critically discussed. Special focus is placed on how information and communication technologies as communication mediators and cognitive pictures influence...

  9. Impact of the HRM content (i.e. practices) and process (i.e. strength) on individual and organizational outcomes, in the hotel industry

    Madeira, Sara de Oliveira Barradas Filipe

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to explore the impact of the HRM content (i.e. HRM practices) on individual (proximal) and organizational (distal) outcomes, in the hotel industry context, as well as the influence of the HRM process (i.e. HRM strength) as a mediator in the link between HRM practices and individual and organizational outcomes. A total of 202 responses from non-supervisory employees and 38 from supervisors, from 7 hotels in Algarve, were collected and analysed. HRM practices were grouped int...

  10. The impact of complaint management and service quality on organizational image: A case study at the Malaysian public university library

    Tan, Pei Kian; Mohd Suradi, Nur Riza; Saludin, Mohamad Nasir

    2013-04-01

    Service failure frequently occurs. This affects customer expectations which lead to complaint. However, not all dissatisfied customers actually complain. Without customer feedback, it would be impossible for a company to know whether they needed a change for improvement. Thus, complaint management brings a learning experience to organization in order to provide better service. Therefore, it is important to identify customer dissatisfaction through a systematic complaint handling or management. The study proposes a model of systematic complaint management which applied to academic library as a tool of service recovery. As such, the main purpose of this study is to investigate the critical success factors of complaint management towards service quality, customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and the impact to organizational image at academic library. Three academic libraries have been identified and selected for this project, the Library of Tun Sri Lanang, UKM, UTeM and UNIMAS. Using the justice theory, this study investigates the perception of customers on complaint management in terms of outcomes they receive, procedures used by organization and interpersonal treatment. In this study, there are five factors of complaint management identified, which includes speed of recovery, management system, empowerment, culture and psychology and tangible compensation. A questionnaire was designed and used as the data gathering instrument. A total of 600 respondents participated in this study. Ten hypotheses were used to test the relationships between complaint management, service quality, customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and organizational image. To measure the construct relationships, Structural Equation Model (SEM) approach was used. The results show that management system (b = 0.210; p 0.05) do not influence service quality. The second part of this study uses confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to analyze and confirm the conceptual model proposed in this research

  11. The impact of complaint management and service quality on organizational image: A case study at the Malaysian public university library

    Tan, Pei Kian; Mohd Suradi, Nur Riza; Saludin, Mohamad Nasir

    2013-04-01

    Service failure frequently occurs. This affects customer expectations which lead to complaint. However, not all dissatisfied customers actually complain. Without customer feedback, it would be impossible for a company to know whether they needed a change for improvement. Thus, complaint management brings a learning experience to organization in order to provide better service. Therefore, it is important to identify customer dissatisfaction through a systematic complaint handling or management. The study proposes a model of systematic complaint management which applied to academic library as a tool of service recovery. As such, the main purpose of this study is to investigate the critical success factors of complaint management towards service quality, customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and the impact to organizational image at academic library. Three academic libraries have been identified and selected for this project, the Library of Tun Sri Lanang, UKM, UTeM and UNIMAS. Using the justice theory, this study investigates the perception of customers on complaint management in terms of outcomes they receive, procedures used by organization and interpersonal treatment. In this study, there are five factors of complaint management identified, which includes speed of recovery, management system, empowerment, culture and psychology and tangible compensation. A questionnaire was designed and used as the data gathering instrument. A total of 600 respondents participated in this study. Ten hypotheses were used to test the relationships between complaint management, service quality, customer satisfaction, customer loyalty and organizational image. To measure the construct relationships, Structural Equation Model (SEM) approach was used. The results show that management system (b = 0.210; p psychology and culture (b = 0.188; p 0.05) do not influence service quality. The second part of this study uses confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to analyze and confirm the

  12. Organizational learning and organizational design

    Curado, Carla

    2006-01-01

    Literature review Approach This paper explores a new idea presenting the possible relationship between organizational learning and organizational design. The establishment of this relation is based upon extensive literature review. Findings Organizational learning theory has been used to understand several organizational phenomena, like resources and competencies, tacit knowledge or the role of memory in the organization; however, it is difficult to identify fits and consequent misf...

  13. Organizational Spirituality and Its Impact on Consumption Model of Employees in Governmental Organizations in Iran (Case Study)

    Habibollah Salarzehi; Hamed Aramesh; Mostafa Mohammadi

    2010-01-01

    Organizational Spirituality is one of the new windows opened in the area of organizational behavior whichattracts and absorbs more adherents every day. On the other hand, spirituality capability of Iranian society makesIranian managers to use this low-coast tool in solving organizational problems, increasing efficiency, improvinghuman resources utilization and productivity by employees. It is believed that encouraging spirituality inworkplace has so many privileges; Privileges by applying whi...

  14. Impact of Metacognitive Acceptance on Body Dissatisfaction and Negative Affect: Engagement and Efficacy

    Atkinson, Melissa J.; Wade, Tracey D.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate engagement in metacognitive acceptance and subsequent efficacy with respect to decreasing 2 risk factors for disordered eating, body dissatisfaction (BD), and negative affect (NA). Method: In a pilot experiment, 20 female undergraduates (M[subscript age] = 24.35, SD = 9.79) underwent a BD induction procedure, received…

  15. The Impact of Listening Condition on Background Noise Acceptance for Young Adults with Normal Hearing

    Gordon-Hickey, Susan; Moore, Robert E.; Estis, Julie M.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: To evaluate the effect of different speech conditions on background noise acceptance. A total of 23 stimulus pairings, differing in primary talker gender (female, male, conventional), number of background talkers (1, 4, 12), and gender composition of the background noise (female, male, mixed) were used to evaluate background noise…

  16. Duty hour restrictions: organizational dynamics, systems issues, and the impact on faculty.

    Bandiera, Glen; Hynes, Melissa Kennedy; Spadafora, Salvatore M

    2014-01-01

    The potential impact of resident duty hour restrictions on faculty is likely significant; however, the extent of this impact has still not been well documented. We undertook a narrative review of the literature to determine the magnitude of that potential impact and the nature of the evolving discourse related to faculty members as individuals. The literature provides an inconsistent picture of the impact of duty hour restrictions on faculty. While some studies have reported a significant increase in faculty workload, others suggest that the impact of duty hour restrictions has been minimal. Some papers suggest that duty hour restrictions may fundamentally change the nature of resident-teacher interactions and, as a result, will necessitate significant changes to the way education is delivered. Overall, the majority of issues of concern relate to one of the following: volume and composition of work, impact on faculty career choice, evolving perceptions of residents as learners, and the need to find an appropriate balance between learning and the quality and quantity of patient care. In describing these themes we identify some potential solutions and future directions for reconciling duty hour restrictions with faculty perceptions, anxieties, and desired outcomes. PMID:25558952

  17. Law as an organizational variable: an examination of the impact of law on the performance of the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission

    The role of law in a federal regulatory agency is examined from an organizational perspective. While law is usually viewed in terms of its legal, political, and social value consequences, it is postulated that it also has significant organizational consequences. The impact of those consequences is examined in the case of a single agency, the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. The legal process is shown to be a powerful organizational characteristic of the government administrative agency, beginning with statuatory definition of organization goals, structure, and procedures and ending with judicial review of actions. Agency lawyers are shown to represent a distinct professional subculture within this agency. Their values and orientations toward business, the role of regulation, and the role of nuclear utilities are different from the 95% of agency employees subculture based on a physical science/engineering background. It is concluded that agency effectiveness suffers from the cultural polarization resulting from the disparities in belief systems of the two major identifiable professional groups, lawyers and scientist/engineers. It is also concluded that the impact of law on organizational performance and effectiveness attributes is largely dysfunctional. Such dysfunctionalism could be lessened with modified legal interpretation or statutory change, improved science/law relationship, and better understanding of the legal process by nonlawyer policymakers

  18. College students' use of science content during socioscientific issues negotiation: Impact of evolution understanding and acceptance

    Fowler, Samantha R.

    The purpose of this study was to explore the evolution science content used during college students' negotiation of biology-based socioscientific issues (SSI) and examine how it related to students' conceptual understanding and acceptance of biological evolution. Specific research questions were, (1a) what specific evolutionary science content do college students evoke during SSI negotiation, (1b) what is the depth of the evolutionary science content reflected in college students. SSI negotiation, and (2) what is the nature of the interaction between evolution understanding and evolution acceptance as they relate to depth of use of evolution content during SSI negotiation? The Socioscientific Issues Questionnaire (SSI-Q) was developed using inductive data analysis to examine science content use and to develop a rubric for measuring depth of evolutionary science content use during SSI negotiation. Sixty upper level undergraduate biology and non-biology majors completed the SSI-Q and also the Conceptual Inventory of Natural Selection (CINS: Anderson, Fisher, & Norman, 2002) to measure evolution understanding and the Measure of Acceptance of the Theory of Evolution (MATE: Rutledge & Warden, 1999) to measure evolution acceptance. A multiple regression analysis tested for interaction effects between the predictor variables, evolution understanding and evolution acceptance. Results indicate that college students primarily use science concepts related to evolution to negotiate biology-based SSI: variation in a population, inheritance of traits, differential success, and change through time. The hypothesis that the extent of one's acceptance of evolution is a mitigating factor in how evolution content is evoked during SSI negotiation was supported by the data. This was seen in that evolution was the predominant science content used by participants for each of the three SSI scenarios used in this study and used consistently throughout the three SSI scenarios. In addition to

  19. Top management team composition and organizational ecology : A nested hierarchical selection theory of team reproduction and organizational diversity

    Boone, Christophe; Wezel, Filippo C.; van Witteloostuijn, Arjen; Baum, JAC; Dobrev, SD; VanWitteloostuijn, A

    2006-01-01

    The "upper echelon" literature has mainly produced static empirical studies on the impact of top management team composition on organizational outcomes, ignoring the dynamics of industrial demography. Organizational ecology explicitly studied the dynamics of organizational diversity at the populatio

  20. Human and organizational factors in nuclear safety

    Nuclear installations are socio technical systems where human and organizational factors, in both utilities and regulators, have a significant impact on safety. Three Mile Island (TMI) accident, original of several initiatives in the human factors field, nevertheless became a lost opportunity to timely acquire lessons related to the upper tiers of the system. Nowadays, Spanish nuclear installations have integrated in their processes specialists and activities in human and organizational factors, promoted by the licensees After many years of hard work, Spanish installations have achieved a better position to face new challenges, such as those posed by Fukushima. With this experience, only technology-centered action plan would not be acceptable, turning this accident in yet another lost opportunity. (Author)

  1. Organizational Environment and its Impact on Turnover Intensions in Education Sector of Pakistan

    Ayaz Ul Haq

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available It investigates the issues affecting the job satisfaction of the teachers of private colleges of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan and further the overall effect of job satisfaction on turnover intention. A questionnaire consists of 6 sections depending on the independent and dependent variables were circulated among the educational professionals. This questionnaire was based on 5 likert-type scale. Results show that culture of an organization and its reward system are having positive impact on job satisfaction and workload and leadership role have negative impact job satisfaction. Job satisfaction itself has strong relation with turnover intention. This study was conducted in different major Institutions and Universities in Pakistan in 2010.

  2. IMPACT OF PROMOTIONAL STRATEGIES ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE: A STUDY OF DAILY MARATHI NEWSPAPERS IN SATARA DISTRICT

    More Dinkar Khashaba

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This study empirically reveals the influence of Promotional strategies lead to increase in number of readers and attract more business advertisements. This study reveals the nature of sales promotional strategy of daily Marathi newspapers; examine the comparative growth of newspapers on the basis of a number of readers, penetration, brand positioning and the class of readers etc. Evaluate the impact of promotional strategies on stakeholders such as readers, advertisement agencies, distributors and clients placing advertisements in newspapers, to develop promotional mix for newspaper companies and newspaper. Evaluate the impact of promotional strategies and newspaper readers buying behavior.

  3. Current status and prospect of partitioning and transmutation -challenge on technology, economics, environmental impact, and acceptability-

    Basis R and D on the PNT fuel cycle aiming at burning HLW up has been pursued since 70's. In this paper, feasibility on PNT technology, economics, environmental aspect, and acceptability are reviewed to steer up the future R and D directions. Results show that it is important to quantify the environmental benefit of the PNT cycle through a sensitivity study. In addition, the economy of the whole PNT system including storage of solidified residual wastes and local and international acceptability turn out to be critical issues. To answer these the basis R and D to accomplish the conceptual design of the system is needed to make sure whether the proposed system is good for not energy security but also commercial electricity generation

  4. An energy impact assessment of indoor air quality acceptance for air-conditioned offices

    Treatment of fresh air in ventilation systems for the air-conditioning consumes a considerable amount of energy and affects the indoor air quality (IAQ). The ventilation demand is primarily related to the occupant load. In this study, the ventilation demands due to occupant load variations and occupant acceptability were examined against certain IAQ objectives using the mass balance of carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations in an air-conditioned office. In particular, this study proposed a ventilation model for the consideration of the occupant load variations and occupant acceptability based on the regional survey of typical offices (422 samples) in Hong Kong. The model was applied to evaluate the relative energy performance of different IAQ objectives in ventilation systems for typical office buildings in Hong Kong. The results showed that the energy consumption of a ventilation system would be correlated with the occupant load and acceptability in the air-conditioned office. Indicative CO2 levels of 800 ppmv, 1000 ppmv and 1200 ppmv corresponding to 83%, 97% and 99.7% survey samples were shown, corresponding to the thermal energy consumptions of 1500 MJ m-2 yr-1, 960 MJ m-2 yr-1and 670 MJ m-2 yr-1, respectively. In regards to the monetary issue, an annual value of HK$ 762 million per year in electrical consumption could be saved in all office buildings in Hong Kong when the indoor target CO2 concentration is increased from 1000 ppmv to 1200 ppmv. To achieve an excellent IAQ following the existing design standard, i.e. to decrease the CO2 level from 1000 ppmv to 800 ppmv, 56% additional energy would be consumed, corresponding to an annual value of HK$ 1,419 million, even though the occupant acceptability is only improved from 81% to 86%. The development of the models in this study would be useful for the energy performance evaluation of ventilation systems in air-conditioned offices

  5. The Impact of Acceptance-Based Versus Avoidance-Based Protocols on Discomfort

    Luciano, Carmen; Molina, Francisco (S.XVIII); Gutiérrez-Martínez, Olga; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot; Valdivia-Salas, Sonsoles; Cabello, Francisco; Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne; Rodríguez-Valverde, Miguel; Wilson, Kelly G.

    2010-01-01

    This study aimed to isolate the conditions under which aversive stimulation is experienced as more or less discomforting/unpleasant. Discomfort was induced by playing loud noises through headphones while participants performed computer tasks. We employed 4 main conditions. Condition 1: the acceptance-based protocol (ACT), intended to integrate discom- fort in a valued direction, was implemented before the Inclusion Task (task performance could continue despite the presence ...

  6. The Impact Of Technology Trust On The Acceptance Of Mobile Banking Technology Within Nigeria

    Ifeonu, Robert Odera; Ward, Rupert

    2015-01-01

    With advancement in the use of information technology seen as a key factor in economic development, developed countries are increasingly reviewing traditional systems, in various sectors such as education, health, transport and finance, and identifying how they may be improved or replaced with automated systems. In this study, the authors examine the role of technology trust in the acceptance of mobile banking in Nigeria as the country attempts to transition into a cashless economy. For Niger...

  7. The Impact of Organizational Factors on Safety. The Perspective of Experts from the Spanish Nuclear Sector; El Impacto de los Factores Organizativos en la Seguridad. La Vision de los Expertos del Sector Nuclear Espanol

    German, S.; Silla, I.; Navajas, J.

    2014-07-01

    Previous research supports the importance of organizational factors on safety in high reliability organizations. This study aims to determine the impact of those factors in the Spanish nuclear sector. Particularly, this study focuses on examining the role of performance indicators, organizational culture, organizational factors, and organizational context. With that purpose, an electronic survey addressed to experts from the Spanish nuclear sector was carried out. Results showed that performance indicators are well-known among industry experts and are perceived as useful for improving performance. Behavioural norms that influence safety and some relevant factors that promote problem identification were identified. Additionally, findings suggested that organizational context must be taken into account to better understand the role of organizational culture. Moreover, industry experts pointed out organizational factors to be improved: organizational communication processes within the organization, positive reinforcement, and field supervisors practices. Finally, findings supported the influence of organizational context on safety. It is noteworthy the role of the social impact of international events (e.g., Chernobyl...), the relationship with the regulator and the legislative and governmental framework. (Author)

  8. The Impact of Disciplinarity on the Organizational Leadership Styles of Academic Deans

    Way, Lauren J.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of disciplinary background on the leadership styles of academic deans. The researcher conducted a nation-wide survey of academic deans from a wide range of disciplines. Specifically, the study sought to determine whether the disciplinary backgrounds of university deans are reflected in their…

  9. Measuring Students' Acceptance and Confidence on Algorithms and Programming: The Impact of the Engagement with CS on Secondary Education

    Spyros DOUKAKIS

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents results of a questionnaire focused on investigating students' confidence and behavioral intention in the area of programming, particularly that of structures, problem solving, and programming commands (Conditional - Loop. Responses from 116 1st year students regarding informatics were used. The results indicate that the engagement with programming logic yields a positive impact on students' confidence and acceptance. In addition, all the measured factors are related relatively strongly. Our findings demonstrate that students' prior direction (at Lyceum has a significant impact on their Confidence for using Programming Commands (CPC and Confidence for using Data Structures (CDS; however, prior direction does not have any impact on learners Problem Solving Confidence (PSC and Behavioral Intention (BI for programming. In the conclusion, several issues regarding the courses of programming are discussed.

  10. Impact of the disease: acceptability, ceiling and floor effects and reliability of an instrument on heart failure

    Simey de Lima Lopes Rodrigues

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study evaluated the acceptability, ceiling/floor effects, and the reliability of the instrument for measuring the Impact of the Disease on the Daily Life of Patients with Valvular Disease (IDCV when applied to 135 patients with heart failure (HF. Acceptability was evaluated by the percentage of unanswered items and by the proportion of patients who responded to all items; the ceiling/floor effects by the percentage of patients who scored in the top of 10% best and worst results of the scale, respectively. Reliability was estimated by internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha coefficient and stability of the measure (intraclass correlation coefficient - ICC. All patients responded to all items. Ceiling/floor effects evidenced were of moderate magnitude. The Cronbach's alpha was satisfactory for the majority of the domains and ICC> 0.90 in all the domains. The IDCV proved to be an easy to understand questionnaire, with evidence of reliability in patients with HF.

  11. 组织记忆与组织遗忘对知识转移的影响——基于社会网络视角%The Impact of Organizational Memory and Organizational Oblivion to Knowledge Transfer ——Based on the Social Network Angle

    宋瑞晓; 魏静; 李东; 苗建军

    2011-01-01

    以社会网络理论为视角,研究组织记忆与组织遗忘对组织知识转移的影响。构建组织记忆与组织遗忘角度的知识转移模型,探讨社会网络背景下,组织记忆与组织遗忘分别对知识转移效果和知识转移速度的影响。研究中发现,组织密度作为组织社会网络的特定属性会对组织记忆、组织遗忘产生影响,并间接影响组织知识转移效果和组织知识转移速度。%From the perspective of social network theory,this paper studies the effect of organizational oblivion and organizational memory to the organizational knowledge transfer.It also builds a knowledge transfer model and explores the impact organizational memory and organizational oblivion to the effectiveness and the speed of knowledge transfer.As a result,we find that organizational density as an attribute of social network impacts not only organizational memory and organizational oblivion,but also indirectly the effectiveness and the speed of knowledge transfer indirectly.

  12. Conflict: Organizational

    Clegg, Stewart; Mikkelsen, Elisabeth Naima; Sewell, Graham

    2015-01-01

    This article examines four contemporary treatments of the problem of organizational conflict: social psychological, anthropological, neo-Darwinian, and neo-Machiavellian. Social psychological treatments of organizational conflict focus on the dyadic relationship between individual disputants. In...... contrast, anthropological treatments take a more socially and historically embedded approach to organizational conflict, focusing on how organizational actors establish negotiated orders of understanding. In a break with the social psychological and anthropological approaches, neo-Darwinians explain the...... characteristics of organizational conflict by appealing to the concept of natural selection: all forms of organizational behavior, including conflictual relations, stem from the effects of heritable traits associated with a universal human nature. Finally, this article proposes a neo-Machiavellian view of...

  13. Impact of Technology Use on Performance : An Organizational Perspective within Social CRM

    Küpper, Torben; Järvinen, Joel; Karjaluoto, Heikki; Wieneke, Alexander; Lehmkuhl, Tobias; Jung, Reinhard

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a structural model for evaluating the impact of Social CRM technology use on Social CRM performance. Today, companies implement Social CRM tools with a set of features, but still struggle to realize and assess the benefits of the implemented technology. Little research has been conducted on a corresponding approach linking Social CRM technology use to Social CRM performance. To address this gap, the article develops and empirically evaluates a structural model, built on th...

  14. The Influence Of Cultural Variations On Organizational Factors: Its Impact On International Industrial Marketing Strategies

    Lesevic, P A

    1990-01-01

    From an international functional perspective, this paper reviews the critical role of industrial marketing in the formulation, implementation and evaluation of global strategies. It explores the impact of Hofstede' s four cultural dimensions on the management of headquarter-subsidiary relations. The cross cultural scenario considers American MNCs and subsidiaries located in the European Community countries because of the relevance of the quickly approaching EC 92 event. MNC internal organizat...

  15. Organizational Environment and its Impact on Turnover Intensions in Education Sector of Pakistan

    Ayaz Ul Haq; Asad Iqbal Khattak; Syed Neiman Raza Shah; Kashif-ur-Rehman

    2011-01-01

    It investigates the issues affecting the job satisfaction of the teachers of private colleges of Rawalpindi and Islamabad, Pakistan and further the overall effect of job satisfaction on turnover intention. A questionnaire consists of 6 sections depending on the independent and dependent variables were circulated among the educational professionals. This questionnaire was based on 5 likert-type scale. Results show that culture of an organization and its reward system are having positive impact...

  16. IMPACT OF PROMOTIONAL STRATEGIES ON ORGANIZATIONAL PERFORMANCE: A STUDY OF DAILY MARATHI NEWSPAPERS IN SATARA DISTRICT

    More Dinkar Khashaba; Vinod Mahadev Babar

    2015-01-01

    This study empirically reveals the influence of Promotional strategies lead to increase in number of readers and attract more business advertisements. This study reveals the nature of sales promotional strategy of daily Marathi newspapers; examine the comparative growth of newspapers on the basis of a number of readers, penetration, brand positioning and the class of readers etc. Evaluate the impact of promotional strategies on stakeholders such as readers, advertisement agencies, distributor...

  17. The Impact of Corporate Reputation and Information Sharing on Value Creation for Organizational Customers

    Žabkar Vesna; Arslanagić-Kalajdžić Maja

    2014-01-01

    The importance of corporate communication to build, protect and maintain corporate reputation has been advocated in numerous publications in recent years. The main goal of this paper is to provide an understanding of the impact of corporate reputation and information sharing on value creation. Both reputation and information sharing represent signals that customers observe in the process of value creation, which is seen as the end focus for corporate marketing. The paper draws on signaling th...

  18. A Descriptive Study on the Impact of Knowledge Creation Mechanism on Organizational Performance: A Case study in Malaysian Automotive industry

    Hassan Bihamta

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The process of continues improvement is one of the significant and predominant programs in most of the manufacturers all over the world. These struggles constantly look for improvement breakthrough that it is necessary for achieving efficiency and effectiveness to maintain sustainable quality processes and competitive advantages as well. Moreover, quality is one of the major competitive advantages that it is crucial for improving efficiency. Nowadays, many of company in global market are developing programs to achieve and deploying this process. In this study, we are going to illustrate the influence of knowledge creation mechanism on improving the quality process and its impact on organizational performance. This study applied the framework from Nonaka (1994, called SECI model for creating knowledge. This research focused on an automotive manufacturer companies. Besides, the roles of six sigma and continuous improvement process (CIP were clearly discussed. Moreover, the profound roles of knowledge creation in terms of socialization, externalization, combination and internalization as a model on quality process were examined.

  19. Organizational respect dampens the impact of group-based relative deprivation on willingness to protest pay cuts.

    Osborne, Danny; Huo, Yuen J; Smith, Heather J

    2015-03-01

    Although group-based relative deprivation predicts people's willingness to protest unfair outcomes, perceiving that one's subgroup is respected increases employees' support for organizations. An integration of these perspectives suggests that subgroup respect will dampen the impact of group-based relative deprivation on workers' responses to unfair organizational outcomes. We examined this hypothesis among university faculty (N = 804) who underwent a system-wide pay cut. As expected, group-based relative deprivation predicted protest intentions. This relationship was, however, muted among those who believed university administrators treated their area of expertise (i.e., their subgroup) with a high (vs. low) level of respect. Moderated mediation analyses confirmed that group-based relative deprivation had a conditional indirect effect on protest intentions via participants' (dis)identification with their university at low to moderate, but not high, levels of subgroup respect. Our finding that satisfying relational needs can attenuate responses to group-based relative deprivation demonstrates the benefits of integrating insights from distinct research traditions. PMID:24690102

  20. Örgütsel Güvenin Örgütsel Bağlılık Üzerine Etkisi: Tekstil Sektörü Çalışanlarına Yönelik Bir Araştırma(The Impact of Organizational Trust on Organizational Commitment: A Study of Employees in the Textile Industry

    Yavuz DEMİREL

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The key objective of this research is to demonstrate the impact of organizational trust on organizational commitment. Accordingly, a research was conducted in the firm A, a textile industry enterprise in Istanbul. In the research, organizational trust has been examined in terms of the trust toward organization and manager; organizational commitment was has been examined in terms of affective commitment, continuity commitment and normative commitment. Within this framework, the effect of organizational trust on organizational commitment is established, exposing the relationship between the dimensions of organizational trust and the dimensions of organizational commitment. The findings reveal that the trust toward organization and manager have a positive effect on emotional commitment and continuity commitment and there exists a positive and moderately meaningful relationship between them; whereas there is no significant relationship between the trust --toward organization and manager-- and the normative commitment.

  1. How fairness impacts the perception of transformational leadership : the influence of organizational justice on perceived transformational leadership and the unique and mutual effects of these two factors on organizational outcomes

    Maier, E.

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this dissertation project was to investigate the role of organizational justice on the perception of transformational leadership (TFL), and the unique and mutual influences of justice and TFL on individual organizational outcomes, such as affective organizational commitment (AOC), organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) and job satisfaction. Results of Study 1 revealed a significant influence of informational justice and voice (as subdimensions of organizational justice) on th...

  2. The Impact of Organizational Factors on the Level of Work Ethic among State Office Employee (Case of Study: Khansar City Employees)

    Mehrangiz Mohammadkhani; Esmaeel Balali; Akram Mohammadi

    2013-01-01

    Introduction Today organizations have to face increases in speed, intensity and depth of internal and external conditions. Copying with organizational goals, employee views, managers' attitudes, strategies and activities is an important key which impacts development of societies. Human resources are the main bases upon which nations can increase their wealth, realize their capitals, promote social, political and economic organizations, and support national development. Therefore, a country...

  3. The Impacts of Organizational Justice and Centralization on Employee Theft: an Empirical Investigation of University of Mersin School of Tourism and Hotel Management Students' Perceptions

    TARKAN, Günyüz; TEPECİ, Mustafa

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to explore the levels and dimensions of employee theft and to find out the impacts of justice and centraliza­tion as organizational determinants of employee theft in hotels. The data collected from 160 hospitality and tourism management students reveal that employee theft does not really prevail in the hotel industry. Six dimensions of employee theft are determined. These are pilferage, industry-wide theft, stealing from customers, benefiting from company products...

  4. Review the impact of intimacy in work relations on organizational performance by balanced scorecard approach of unit 7 Iran gas transfer operation employees

    SALAJEGHEH, Sanjar; BIGDELIMOJARAD, Behrooz

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. Nowadays using bureaucratic communicating models are obsoleted as a tool in order to improve the individual performance and relations based upon respect and intimacy are dominant within workplaces instead. The main purpose of this research is to review the impact of intimacy within work relations on organizational performance. Research methodology is practical; the research is descriptive-survey. Present study population is the managers and employees of Unit 7 Iran gas transfer oper...

  5. The Impact of Corporate Reputation and Information Sharing on Value Creation for Organizational Customers

    Žabkar Vesna

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The importance of corporate communication to build, protect and maintain corporate reputation has been advocated in numerous publications in recent years. The main goal of this paper is to provide an understanding of the impact of corporate reputation and information sharing on value creation. Both reputation and information sharing represent signals that customers observe in the process of value creation, which is seen as the end focus for corporate marketing. The paper draws on signaling theory and corporate marketing literature from the European and American schools of thought.

  6. Organizational Sense: A Notion for Studying Emerging Organizational Professionalism at Work

    Gérald Gaglio

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article examines organizational professionalism at work and in action. I focus on how organizational professionalism emerges in the workplace and what kinds of situated skills are involved. Organizational professionalism is explored in three dimensions (activity, politics, and ethics, from which the notion of organizational senseis developed. Organizational sense has three accepted meanings. The first accepted meaning relates to everydayness and ecologies of action. It has collective, material, and informational dimensions, and is distributed between people and objects. The second accepted meaning concerns the political dimension of performing a professional activity and its sensitivity (attentiveness, discernment, etc.. The third accepted meaning concerns ethics and examines loyalty toward an organization. The notion of organizational sense is illustrated by means of fieldwork with a population of internal communicators working in seven major French organizations. 

  7. The influence of organizational culture on organizational preferences towards the choice of organizational change strategy

    Janićijević Nebojša

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Organizational culture, through its assumptions, values, norms and symbols, determines the way in which the members of an organization perceive and interpret the reality within and around their organization, as well as the way they behave in that reality. For this reason we may assume that organizational culture has an impact on the way in which an organization changes, and that matching of organizational culture and change strategy will improve the efficiency of the change process. In this paper specific hypotheses about the causal relationship between certain types of organizational culture and certain change strategies are formulated. Types of organizational culture are differentiated according to Handy’s and Trompenaars’ classifications. Organizational change strategies have been differentiated according to previous work of Chin & Benne but one more strategy has been added. Classifications of both the organizational cultures and of the organizational change strategies are based on the same criteria of differentiation: distribution of power in an organization and orientation toward relationships or tasks. For this reason it is possible to formulate hypotheses about the causal relationship between certain types of organizational cultures and certain types of organizational change strategies. Thus, eight hypotheses are formulated in this paper, relating particular change strategies with particular types of organizational culture.

  8. The acceptability and impact of a randomised controlled trial of welfare rights advice accessed via primary health care: qualitative study

    Howel Denise

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Qualitative research is increasingly used alongside randomised controlled trials (RCTs to study a range of factors including participants' experiences of a trial. The need for a sound evidence base within public health will increase the need for RCTs of non-clinical interventions. Welfare rights advice has been proposed as an intervention with potential to reduce health inequalities. This qualitative study, nested within an RCT of the impact of welfare rights advice, examined the acceptability of the intervention, the acceptability of the research process and the perceived impact of the intervention. Methods 25 men and women aged 60 years or over were recruited from four general practices in Newcastle upon Tyne (UK, a sub-sample of those who consented to be contacted (n = 96 during the RCT baseline interview. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken and analysed using the Framework Method. Results Participants viewed the trial positively although, despite agreeing that the information leaflet was clear, some had agreed to participate without being fully aware of what was involved. Some participants were unaware of the implications of randomisation. Most thought it fair, but a few concerns were raised about the control condition. The intervention was acceptable and made participants feel confident about applying for benefit entitlements. 14 out of 25 participants received some financial award; median weekly income gain was £57 (€84, $101. The perceived impact of additional finances was considerable and included: increased affordability of necessities and occasional expenses; increased capacity to deal with emergencies; and a reduction in stress related to financial worries. Overall, perceived independence and ability to participate in society increased. Most participants perceived benefits to their mental well-being, but no-one reported an improvement in physical health. The RCT showed little or no effect on a wide range

  9. The influence of organizational culture on organizational preferences towards the choice of organizational change strategy

    Janićijević Nebojša

    2012-01-01

    Organizational culture, through its assumptions, values, norms and symbols, determines the way in which the members of an organization perceive and interpret the reality within and around their organization, as well as the way they behave in that reality. For this reason we may assume that organizational culture has an impact on the way in which an organization changes, and that matching of organizational culture and change strategy will improve the efficiency of the change process. In ...

  10. The Effects of Organizational Training on Organizational Commitment

    Bulut, Cagri; Culha, Osman

    2010-01-01

    This empirical study investigated the impact of organizational training on employee commitment focusing on employees' emotional and affective responses towards their organization. Organizational training is conceptualized within a multidimensional framework consisting of motivation for training, access to training, benefits from training and…

  11. Waste acceptance and the DWPF Startup Test Program: Impacts of process changes

    The DWPF is currently carrying out a Startup Test Program which will lead to radioactive operations in the facility. The objective of a significant portion of this program is to demonstrate that the DWPF can reliably make glass which satisfies DOE's product specifications. This objective will be achieved through a series of integrated process campaigns using feeds of various compositions (the Qualification Runs).2 During these campaigns, the DWPF Glass Product Control Programs (GPCP) will be used to ensure that glass is made which meets specifications. The GPCP uses a correlation between glass composition and leach test results to determine whether a particular batch of feed will make acceptable glass (i.e., glass which will meet the specifications)

  12. Waste acceptance and the DWPF Startup Test Program: Impacts of process changes

    Plodinec, M.J.

    1992-08-24

    The DWPF is currently carrying out a Startup Test Program which will lead to radioactive operations in the facility. The objective of a significant portion of this program is to demonstrate that the DWPF can reliably make glass which satisfies DOE's product specifications. This objective will be achieved through a series of integrated process campaigns using feeds of various compositions (the Qualification Runs).2 During these campaigns, the DWPF Glass Product Control Programs (GPCP) will be used to ensure that glass is made which meets specifications. The GPCP uses a correlation between glass composition and leach test results to determine whether a particular batch of feed will make acceptable glass (i.e., glass which will meet the specifications).

  13. Waste acceptance and the DWPF Startup Test Program: Impacts of process changes

    Plodinec, M.J.

    1992-08-24

    The DWPF is currently carrying out a Startup Test Program which will lead to radioactive operations in the facility. The objective of a significant portion of this program is to demonstrate that the DWPF can reliably make glass which satisfies DOE`s product specifications. This objective will be achieved through a series of integrated process campaigns using feeds of various compositions (the Qualification Runs).2 During these campaigns, the DWPF Glass Product Control Programs (GPCP) will be used to ensure that glass is made which meets specifications. The GPCP uses a correlation between glass composition and leach test results to determine whether a particular batch of feed will make acceptable glass (i.e., glass which will meet the specifications).

  14. Vegetable and Fruit Acceptance during Infancy: Impact of Ontogeny, Genetics, and Early Experiences.

    Mennella, Julie A; Reiter, Ashley R; Daniels, Loran M

    2016-01-01

    Many of the chronic illnesses that plague modern society derive in large part from poor food choices. Thus, it is not surprising that the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, aimed at the population ≥2 y of age, recommends limiting consumption of salt, fat, and simple sugars, all of which have sensory properties that we humans find particularly palatable, and increasing the variety and contribution of fruits and vegetables in the diet, to promote health and prevent disease. Similar recommendations may soon be targeted at even younger Americans: the B-24 Project, led by the US Department of Health and Human Services and the USDA, is currently evaluating evidence to include infants and children from birth to 2 y of age in the dietary guidelines. This article reviews the underinvestigated behavioral phenomena surrounding how to introduce vegetables and fruits into infants' diets, for which there is much medical lore but, to our knowledge, little evidence-based research. Because the chemical senses are the major determinants of whether young children will accept a food (e.g., they eat only what they like), these senses take on even greater importance in understanding the bases for food choices in children. We focus on early life, in contrast with many other studies that attempt to modify food habits in older children and thus may miss sensitive periods that modulate long-term acceptance. Our review also takes into consideration ontogeny and sources of individual differences in taste perception, in particular, the role of genetic variation in bitter taste perception. PMID:26773029

  15. Organizational Science

    Beriwal, Madhu; Clegg, Stewart; Collopy, Fred; McDaniel, Reuben, Jr.; Morgan, Gareth; Sutcliffe, Kathleen; Kaufman, Roger; Marker, Anthony; Selwyn, Neil

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of organizational science, broadly defined as including many fields--organizational behavior and development, management, workplace performance, and so on--were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might…

  16. Organizational Justice

    Burns, Travis

    2013-01-01

    Helping principals understand the importance of organizational justice is the first step in enhancing learning outcomes for all learners, regardless of their social class, race, abilities, sex, or gender. In schools, organizational justice may be defined as teachers' perceptions of fairness, respect, and equity that relate to their…

  17. ORGANIZATIONAL CAMPAIGNING

    Hertel, Frederik

    2015-01-01

    approach will in be named: organizational campaigning and means (e.g. Kotter, 2012, p. 9 and Clegg, Kornberger & Pitsis, 2009) that the manager takes control with communication and communication cannels in order to ensure successful organizational changes. Since the changes were not succeeding the approach...

  18. Organizational Identity

    Hatch, Mary Jo; Schultz, Majken

    This text presents the classic works on organizational identity alongside more current thinking on the issues. Ranging from theoretical contributions to empirical studies, the readings in this volume address the key issues of organizational identity, and show how these issues have developed through...

  19. Organizational Networks

    Sørensen, Ole Henning; Grande, Bård

    1996-01-01

    The paper focuses on the concept of organizational networks. Four different uses of the concept are identified and critically discussed.......The paper focuses on the concept of organizational networks. Four different uses of the concept are identified and critically discussed....

  20. IMPACT OF ORGANIZATIONAL ROLE STRESSORS ON FACULTY STRESS & BURNOUT (An exploratory analysis of a public sector university of Pakistan)

    Abbas, Syed Gohar; Roger, Alain; Asadullah, Muhammad Ali

    2012-01-01

    Many studies on stress point out that the role stressors may vary in different environments and lead to stress & burnout. The recent growth in higher education institutions in developing countries has lead to higher competition and organizational change in most of the public and private sector universities (Rajarajeswari 2010) and faculty members increasingly suffer from pressures leading to stress and burnout. Based on Pareek's (2002) Organizational Role Stressors questionnaire and the Masla...

  1. When culture resists progress: masculine organizational culture and its impacts on the vertical segregation of women in Japanese companies

    Kumiko Nemoto

    2013-01-01

    While the rise of non-regular women workers in Japanese firms drew much attention, little attention has been paid to employment barriers that regular women workers continue to face in Japanese firms today. Based on in-depth interviews with 64 men and women workers, this article examines gender inequality in Japanese firms in which women’s structural power is extremely low. Using the analytical framework of organizational masculinity, it explores organizational processes by which vertical se...

  2. Organizational Identity and Interorganizational Alliances

    Choi, Emily Wu

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation examines the relationship between organizational identity and the formation and performance implications of interorganizational alliances. The first study investigates the effect of an organization's identity on its initial alliance portfolio formation, addressing how becoming comprehensible through organizational identity is a fundamental step in order for a new organization to be accepted by the market. Through different categorizations, some new organizations will be more...

  3. Workplace Based Assessment in an Asian Context: Trainees’ and Trainers’ Perception of Validity, Reliability, Feasibility, Acceptability, and Educational Impact

    Jackson Tan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Workplace based assessment (WPBA is commonplace in postgraduate training in many countries but is not widely practised and established in Asia. The WPBA tools that are used by the local programme are Mini-Clinical Examination (Mini-CEX, Directly Observed Practical Skills (DOPSs, Multisource Feedback (MSF, and Case Based Discussion (CBD. This cross-sectional study utilised a questionnaire to obtain feedback from both assessors and trainees. Participants rated the tools on a 5-point scale on validity, reliability, feasibility, educational impact, and acceptability. 30 assessors and 23 trainees participated in the study. The percentages of adequate ratings given by trainees for validity, reliability, feasibility, educational impact, and acceptability were 100%, 99%, 91%, 100%, and 100%, respectively, for all tools. There was no difference in perceptions between trainees and assessors for all WPBA tools except MSF (p<0.05. The common themes that have arisen suggested that applicability of WPBA could be affected by faculty development, endorsement from governing bodies, pervading cultural mindsets, and the complex relationships between doctors and patients; teachers and students; and educators and clinicians. The high level of satisfaction from our respondents indicates that WPBA can be successfully integrated in an Asian postgraduate training programme despite systemic, cultural, and language barriers.

  4. The Impact of Product Attribute Wording on Consumer Acceptance of Biotechnology Applications in Produce

    Novotorova, Nadezhda K.; Michael A. Mazzocco

    2009-01-01

    A better understanding of consumer preferences for and behavior toward genetically modified (GM) foods is essential for designing new market strategies and information policies for GM products. A sample of Midwest consumers was administered one of two nearly identical conjoint questionnaires to identify the influence of attribute wording on consumer preferences. Respondents value “GM†negatively, while referring to the same attribute as “reduced environmental impact†(REI) results in a ...

  5. LHC physics debris collimation studies and their impact on AFP detectors acceptance

    Roncarolo, F; Potter, K; Bussey, P; Bracco, C

    2011-01-01

    The ATLAS Forward Proton (AFP) group is proposing to upgrade the forward region of ATLAS by installing forward proton detectors at 220 m and 420 m from the interaction point on both sides of the LHC ATLAS experiment. For this purpose, at both the 420 m and 220 m locations, it is proposed to install movable beam pipes which will host silicon tracking and fast timing detectors (i.e. four independent detector stations). The experimental acceptance at 220 m is dependent upon the setting of two collimators designed to protect the LHC straight section and dispersion suppressor around ATLAS (and CMS) from the physics debris generated at the two high luminosity experiments. This note presents the result of tracking studies showing that the installation of a new collimator in front of the Q6 magnet (or the displacement at this of location of the second of the already existing collimators) would ensure an improved protection of the LHC machine while allowing the AFP experiment at 220m.

  6. Social Acceptance of Wind Energy: Managing and Evaluating Its Market Impacts (Presentation)

    Baring-Gould, I.

    2012-06-01

    As with any industrial-scale technology, wind power has impacts. As wind technology deployment becomes more widespread, a defined opposition will form as a result of fear of change and competing energy technologies. As the easy-to-deploy sites are developed, the costs of developing at sites with deployment barriers will increase, therefore increasing the total cost of power. This presentation provides an overview of wind development stakeholders and related stakeholder engagement questions, Energy Department activities that provide wind project deployment information, and the quantification of deployment barriers and costs in the continental United States.

  7. Accepting multiple simultaneous liver offers does not negatively impact transplant outcomes.

    Eldeen, Firas Zahr; Mourad, Moustafa Mabrouk; Bhandari, Mayank; Roll, Garrett; Gunson, Bridget; Mergental, Hynek; Bramhall, Simon; Isaac, John; Muiesan, Paolo; Mirza, Darius F; Perera, M Thamara P R

    2016-02-01

    Impact of performing multiple liver transplants (LT) in a short period of time is unknown. Consecutively performed LT potentially increase complication rates through team fatigue and overutilization of resources and increase ischemia time. We analyzed the impact of undertaking consecutive LT (Consecutive liver transplant, CLT; LT preceded by another transplant performed not more than 12 h before, both transplants grouped together) on outcomes. Of 1702 LT performed, 314 (18.4%) were CLT. Outcome data was compared with solitary LT (SLT; not more than one LT in 12-h period). Recipient, donor, and graft characteristics were evenly matched between SLT and CLT; second LT of CLT group utilized younger donors grafts with longer cold ischemic times (P = 0.015). Implantation and operative time were significantly lower in CLT recipients on intergroup analysis (P = 0.0001 and 0.002, respectively). Early hepatic artery thrombosis (E-HAT) was higher in CLT versus SLT (P = 0.038), despite absolute number of E-HAT being low in all groups. Intragroup analysis demonstrated a trend toward more frequent E-HAT in first LT, compared to subsequent transplants; however, difference did not reach statistical significance (P = 0.135). In era of organ scarcity, CLT performed at high-volume center is safe and allows pragmatic utilization of organs, potentially reducing number of discarded grafts and reducing waiting list mortality. PMID:26463509

  8. 组织支持感对组织公民行为的影响机制--基于心理资本中介效应模型的研究%The Impact of Perceived Organizational Support on Organizational Citizenship Behaviors---A Study based on Psychological Capital Mediating Model

    张红丽; 胡成林

    2015-01-01

    组织支持感对组织公民行为的影响作用已经得到管理者与研究者的重视,然而组织支持感通过怎样的具体机制影响组织公民行为尚未得到系统阐释。本文通过对467个企业员工进行问卷调查,探讨了组织支持感、心理资本以及主动性人格对组织公民行为的影响机制,结果表明:组织支持感显著正向影响心理资本与组织公民行为;心理资本显著正向影响组织公民行为,且心理资本在组织支持感与组织公民行为的关系中起完全中介作用;主动性人格在心理资本与组织公民行为的关系中起正向调节作用,同时,主动性人格还调节着心理资本对组织支持感与组织公民行为关系的中介效应。%The effects of perceived organizational support on organizational citizenship behaviors have attracted managers and researchers′attention, however, studies on the mechanisms between perceived organizational support and organiza-tional citizenship behaviors remain inconclusive and undeveloped.On the basis of 467 survey samples, this paper empir-ically investigates how the perceived organizational support, psychological capital and proactive personality affect organi-zational citizenship behaviors.Results show that perceived organizational support has significant positive effect on psycho-logical capital and organizational citizenship behaviors;psychological capital has a significant positive impact on organiza-tional citizenship behaviors, and also fully plays a mediating role in the relationship between perceived organizational support and organizational citizenship behaviors;proactive personality plays a positive moderation role in the relationship between psychological capital and organizational citizenship behaviors, furthermore, proactive personality also moderates the mediating role of psychological capital in the relationship between perceived organizational support and organizational citizenship

  9. Organizational Justice and the Intent to Share: Knowledge Sharing Practices among Forensic Experts in Turkey

    Can, Ahmet

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Organizational climate and organization culture can be some of the leading factors in hindering knowledge sharing within the organization. It is generally accepted that successful knowledge management practice, including knowledge sharing, comes as a result of a conducive and knowledge sharing friendly environment. Organizations that promote and reward collective work generate a trustful and a more collaborative learning culture. The perception of fairness in an organization has been considered an important indicator of employee behavior, attitude, and motivation. This study investigates organizational justice perception and its impact on knowledge sharing practices among forensic experts in the Turkish National Police. The study findings revealed that senior officers, who are experts in the field, have the strongest organizational justice perception. Meanwhile, noncommissioned officers or technicians bear positive but comparatively weaker feelings about the existence of justice within the organization. The study argues that those who satisfy their career expectations tend to have a higher organizational justice perception.

  10. Organizational Culture

    Adrian HUDREA

    2006-01-01

    Cultural orientations of an organization can be its greatest strength, providing the basis for problem solving, cooperation, and communication. Culture, however, can also inhibit needed changes. Cultural changes typically happen slowly – but without cultural change, many other organizational changes are doomed to fail. The dominant culture of an organization is a major contributor to its success. But, of course, no organizational culture is purely one type or another. And the existence of sec...

  11. Organizational data

    Liebig, Stefan

    2009-01-01

    "Organizational data describe central characteristics of organizations, their internal structures and processes as well as their behavior as corporate actors in different social and economic contexts. Firm and enterprise data are the most frequently used type of organizational data, but there is also a growing interest in data on schools, universities, and hospitals in the economic and social science research. In the last several years, there has been a substantial improvement in the accessib...

  12. Biotechnological innovation impacts, social and ethical aspects and public acceptability; Sicurezza, implicazioni etico-sociali e percezione pubblica delle biotecnologie

    Capuano, V. [ENEA, Centro Ricerche Casaccia, Rome (Italy). Dipt. Innovazione

    1997-11-01

    Biotechnology is a highly distinctive area of scientific activity and its applications can strongly influence human life. Biotechnological innovations impact on sanitary, environmental, social, ethical and economic aspects and it is particularly important a greater public understanding of biotechnology issues in the view of increasing its acceptability. Knowledge and acceptance do not go always in the same direction, as the last is influenced by various complex factors, but without a knowledgeable public there can be no effective democratic agreement. So it appears important that scientific community and industry can promote and diffuse more knowledge among citizens and consumers, taking into account also of social and ethical issues raised by public and public interest groups. In this report bio safety of biotechnology applications and social and ethical issues are analyzed. They receive much attention in the discussion in the biotechnology arena (scientists, industry, institutions and the public). In particular health and environmental risks, gene therapy, transgenic animals, patent issues and genetic resources access, consumers rights are considered. Since the media are central to the dissemination of information and views about science, is has been evidenced their role, in addition to a short analysis of public perception and communication strategies.

  13. Organizational environment for knowledge management

    Nadia Mironova

    2012-01-01

    The research presented in this article is based on the modern concept of knowledge management and its dissemination. The concept is distinguished by complexity and considers the strong impact of organizational environment and organizational practices upon the process of knowledge management. The subject of the research is the impact of essential factors of the environment (culture, technology, practices) on the distinct stages of the knowledge management process in Bulgarian companies. The em...

  14. Entrepreneurial Orientation of Community College Workforce Divisions and the Impact of Organizational Structure: A Grounded Theory Study

    Schiefen, Kathleen M.

    2010-01-01

    This research focused on how organizational structure of community colleges influenced the entrepreneurial orientation of deans, directors, vice presidents, and vice chancellors of workforce units. Using grounded theory methodology, the researcher identified three emergent theories applicable to both integrated and separate workforce units. These…

  15. Long-Term Youth Criminal Outcomes in MST Transport: The Impact of Therapist Adherence and Organizational Climate and Structure

    Schoenwald, Sonja K.; Chapman, Jason E.; Sheidow, Ashli J.; Carter, Rickey E.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated relations among therapist adherence to an evidence-based treatment for youth with serious antisocial behavior (i.e., Multisystemic Therapy), organizational climate and structure, and youth criminal charges on average 4 years posttreatment. Participants were 1,979 youth and families treated by 429 therapists across 45…

  16. The impact of market orientation, product advantage, and launch proficiency on new product performance and organizational performance

    Robben, H.S.J.; Langerak, F.; Hultink, E.J.

    2004-01-01

    Some scholars have suggested recently that a market-oriented culture leads to superior performance, at least in part, because of the new products that are developed and are brought to market. Others have reinforced this wisdom by revealing that a market-oriented culture enhances organizational innov

  17. The impact of psychosocial and organizational working conditions on the mental health of female cleaning personnel in Norway

    Sandanger Inger; Nygård Jan F; Gamperiene Migle; Wærsted Morten; Bruusgaard Dag

    2006-01-01

    Background This study examined the association between psychosocial and organizational work conditions and mental health among women employed in the cleaning profession in Norway. Methods Self-report questionnaires were mailed to 661 cleaning staff personnel from seven cleaning organizations in seven different cities across Norway. The response rate was 64%, of which 374 (88%) respondents were women. ...

  18. The Impact of Structured On-the-Job Training (S-OJT) on a Trainer's Organizational Commitment

    Cho, Daeyeon

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the causal relationships between S-OJT trainer preparation, self-efficacy as a trainer, trainers' delivery of S-OJT, and organizational commitment as a consequence of employing S-OJT. This study proposed a theoretical model from the review of related literature and then empirically investigated the fitness…

  19. How the Organizational Learning Process Mediates the Impact of Strategic Human Resource Management Practices on Performance in Korean Organizations

    Cho, Sei Hyoung; Song, Ji Hoon; Yun, Suk Chun; Lee, Cheol Ki

    2013-01-01

    The primary purpose of this research is to examine the structural relationships among several workplace-related constructs, including strategic human resource management (HRM) practices, organizational learning processes, and performance improvement in the Korean business context. More specifically, the research examined the mediating effect of…

  20. Administrators' Power Usage Styles and Their Impact on the Organizational Culture in Colleges of Education: A Case Study

    Ozcan, Kenan; Karatas, Ibrahim Hakan; Caglar, Çaglar; Polat, Murat

    2014-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to determine how power usage styles of administrators of faculties of education influence the organizational culture in their respective faculties in Turkey. Using the phenomenological method, a qualitative research method, researchers studied a group comprised of 20 academics from 7 different colleges of…

  1. A Study of the Impact of Perceived Organizational Justice on Employee\\\\\\'s Social Capital (Case Study: Health Network of Noshahr City

    Ali Nasr Esfahani

    2013-07-01

    In recent years, increasing attention to the issue of organizational justice and its impacts on organizational outcome has urged organizations to strive for organizational justice in order to survive and reach their objectives. Perceiving injustice has a destructive impact on teamwork spirit and motivation of employees. Injustice and unfair distribution of organization's outputs and achievements demoralize employees and diminish their motivation to be active and assiduous. Besides, it probably reduces performance, production and commitment to the organization. In fact, justice does not mean to assign a single standard for all members. Rather, it means that we must enact responsibilities in certain conditions and act upon them in a fair way. Organizational justice determines how the employees must be treated so they feel they are being treated with justice. According to Lopaciuk (2011, p.63, while organizational justice have a positive effect on an organization's manpower in achieving objectives of employees and the organization, the employees' social capital is also instrumental in a way that chances of success in an organization with high levels of social capital is much more than those organization in which social capital is low. Social capital is a kind of latent wealth and property which is the result of mental preparedness of members of a society to give up their personal interests and engage in collaborative action. It could be considered as a manageable phenomenon in the sense that we can restructure it according to policies of the organization or help the process of its formation. Unlike other kinds of capital, social capital does not exist physically. Rather, it is the result of group and social norms and interactions whose increase causes the reduction of operational costs of the organization. Social capital is generative in nature and urges people to preserve values, perform tasks correctly, reach their goals and accomplish their life plans. In other

  2. Organizational Campaigning

    Hertel, Frederik

    2015-01-01

    This conference paper will explore the difference between communicating changes and changing communication. Based on a case study in which a manager applies two quite different approaches to organizational communication in order to change the organization he is leading. The first and failing...... approach will in be named: organizational campaigning and means (e.g. Kotter, 2012, p. 9 and Clegg, Kornberger & Pitsis, 2009) that the manager takes control with communication and communication cannels in order to ensure successful organizational changes. Since the changes were not succeeding the approach...... is replaced with a new approach which will be named organizing communication. During the case analysis we will see that this change in approach not only change the managers perception of communication but also his perception of the organization he is leading....

  3. The Relationship Between Organizational Participation and Organizational Adaptability Among the Staffs of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Tehran, Iran

    Azam Hosein Alizadeh; Mohammad Ali Abbasi Moghadam

    2012-01-01

    Background and Aim: Changes in political, economic, social, scientific and technological circumstances have a major impact on organizational performance. In such circumstances, the success of organizations depends on their ability to cope and adapt to changing environmental factors. This study investigated the relationship between organizational participation(team orientation, capability development and empowerment) and the organizational adaptability (change, customer orientation and organiz...

  4. Impact of temperature and humidity on acceptability of indoor air quality during immediate and longer whole-body exposures

    Fang, Lei; Clausen, Geo; Fanger, Povl Ole

    1997-01-01

    Acceptability of clean air and air polluted by building materials was studied in climate chambers with different levels of air temperature and humidity in the ranges 18-28°C and 30-70%. The immediate acceptability after entering a chamber and the acceptability during a 20-minute whole-body exposure...

  5. Organizational Paradigms

    LIVIU GABRIEL CREŢU

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In the industrial age of the twenty century small firms or mass-production giants have been all organized on the classic principles defined by Smith, Taylor and Fayol. Lately, new organization theories have emerged to describe modern enterprises, process-oriented and much more agile in the new highly collaborative business landscape. Information and knowledge became the most important organizational assets as well as the basic concepts in enterprise architecture. This paper will provide an overview of organizational paradigms with respect to information and knowledge role in the business structure equation.

  6. Organizational Culture

    Adrian HUDREA

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available Cultural orientations of an organization can be its greatest strength, providing the basis for problem solving, cooperation, and communication. Culture, however, can also inhibit needed changes. Cultural changes typically happen slowly – but without cultural change, many other organizational changes are doomed to fail. The dominant culture of an organization is a major contributor to its success. But, of course, no organizational culture is purely one type or another. And the existence of secondary cultures can provide the basis for change. Therefore, organizations need to understand the cultural environments and values.

  7. The Mediating Role of Organizational Citizenship Behavior between Organizational Identification and Its Consequences

    Patnaik, Siddharth; Biswas, Soumendu

    2005-01-01

    This study was conducted to assess the impact of organizational identification on consequences like job satisfaction and turnover intention of organizational members. It also explored the mediational role played by organizational citizenship behavior in the relationship. Using a sample (n=127) of Indian employees, this current study makes a…

  8. Impacts of School Organizational Restructuring Into a Collaborative Setting on the Nature of Emerging Forms of Collegiality

    Gerald Fallon

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This case study tells the story of an elementary school staff on the west coast of Canada that decided to address their perceived problem of teacher isolation by transforming the internal organization of their school into a collaborative environment designed to foster collegial practices among themselves. The main guiding question of this study was: can a collaborative organizational structure facilitate and sustain a level of collegiality in which people feel safe from attack, where difficult questions are addressed, and where the status quo can be safely challenged? In this study, the transformation of organizational structure of the school elicited and molded, to an extent, the professional behaviours of members of the staff into professional collegial patterns of interactions. However, we have found that educators seemed to have made individual choices to maintain a certain degree of isolation, of privacy, shielding themselves from reflective inquiry and criticism.

  9. 非营利组织服务导向对组织公民行为与组织绩效的影响%The Impact of Non-profit Organization Service Orientation on Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Organizational Performance

    沈鹏熠; 张雅

    2016-01-01

    The paper,based on the questionnaire survey of non-profit organization supervisors and employees,makes an empirical analysis on the influencing mechanism of non-profit organization service orientation on organizational citizenship behavior and organizational performance. The results indicate that non-profit organization service orientation consists of five dimensions:employee personality management,customer relationship management,service encounter management,human resources management and service system management. Employee personality management,customer relationship management, service encounter management and human resources management have positive impacts on employee job satisfaction ,while employee personality management,customer relationship management,human resources management and service system management have positive impacts on organizational commitment. Meanwhile,employee job satisfaction has a positive impact on organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior,organizational commitment has a positive impact on organizational citizenship behavior and organizational performance,and organizational citizenship behavior has a positive impact on organizational performance. Therefore,non-profit organization service orientation has an indirect impact on organi-zational citizenship behavior and organizational performance through employee job satisfaction and organizational commit-ment. In addition,the analysis of multi group structural equation model shows that the impacts of non-profit organization characteristic variables varies significantly in different hypothetical paths.%文章基于非营利组织主管和员工的问卷调查,实证分析了非营利组织服务导向对组织公民行为与组织绩效的影响机制.结果表明,非营利组织服务导向由员工个性管理、顾客关系管理、服务接触管理、人力资源管理和服务系统管理五维度构成;员工个性管理、顾客关系管理、服务接触管

  10. The Impact of Non-profit Organization Service Orientation on Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Organizational Performance%非营利组织服务导向对组织公民行为与组织绩效的影响

    沈鹏熠; 张雅

    2016-01-01

    文章基于非营利组织主管和员工的问卷调查,实证分析了非营利组织服务导向对组织公民行为与组织绩效的影响机制.结果表明,非营利组织服务导向由员工个性管理、顾客关系管理、服务接触管理、人力资源管理和服务系统管理五维度构成;员工个性管理、顾客关系管理、服务接触管理、人力资源管理对员工工作满意度有积极影响,员工个性管理、顾客关系管理、人力资源管理、服务系统管理对组织承诺有积极影响;员工工作满意度对组织承诺和组织公民行为有积极影响,组织承诺对组织公民行为和组织绩效有积极影响,组织公民行为对组织绩效有积极影响.可见,非营利组织服务导向是通过员工工作满意度和组织承诺对组织公民行为和组织绩效产生间接影响的.另外,多群组结构方程模型分析发现,非营利组织特征变量在不同假设路径中的影响存在显著差异.%The paper,based on the questionnaire survey of non-profit organization supervisors and employees,makes an empirical analysis on the influencing mechanism of non-profit organization service orientation on organizational citizenship behavior and organizational performance. The results indicate that non-profit organization service orientation consists of five dimensions:employee personality management,customer relationship management,service encounter management,human resources management and service system management. Employee personality management,customer relationship management, service encounter management and human resources management have positive impacts on employee job satisfaction ,while employee personality management,customer relationship management,human resources management and service system management have positive impacts on organizational commitment. Meanwhile,employee job satisfaction has a positive impact on organizational commitment and organizational citizenship

  11. The Influence of Organizational Culture on Market Orientation, with Emphasis on the Mediator Role of Organizational Conflict (Case Study: The Furniture Industry in Mashhad City

    Habibolah Doaei

    2013-08-01

    To analyze the hypothesis of a two-step approach suggested by Anderson and Jerbing (1988, structural equation modeling is used. Firstly, the model can be fitted to measure and confirm the measurement model. In the second step of the analysis, assumptions are tested. The fit criteria are the most important steps in the analysis of structural equation modeling. According to research findings, the fitted values are acceptable; all fit indices show good condition. The results showed that the proposed structural model of the main goals of this study was fitted well. Another goal of this research is to provide a conceptual model for the analysis of assumptions as to provide key solutions. One of the purposes of determining the orientation of organizational culture has a significant impact in investigating the first hypothesis. This hypothesis was confirmed with the following three sub-hypothesis. There is no direct link between corporate culture and orientation of its existence. Another objective of the present study was to determine the significant impact of organizational culture on organizational conflicts that was shown in the second hypothesis. This hypothesis was confirmed. In fact, we can say that organizational culture can serve as a powerful resource for increasing the competitive position of the organization. Ultimately, the goal of the present study was to investigate the effect of organizational conflict as a mediator variable in the relationship between organizational culture and marker orientation. The analysis was performed using the indicated Organizational conflict as a mediator and it can tell how significant the role of organizational culture on market orientation is.

  12. Long-Term Youth Criminal Outcomes in MST Transport: The Impact of Therapist Adherence and Organizational Climate and Structure

    Schoenwald, Sonja K.; Chapman, Jason E.; Sheidow, Ashli J.; Carter, Rickey E.

    2009-01-01

    The current study investigated relations among therapist adherence to an evidence-based treatment for youth with serious antisocial behavior (i.e., Multisystemic Therapy), organizational climate and structure, and youth criminal charges on average 4 years post-treatment. Participants were 1979 youth and families treated by 429 therapists across 45 provider organizations. Results showed therapist adherence predicted significantly lower rates of youth criminal charges independently and in the p...

  13. The Impact of Organizational and National Cultural Differences on Social Conflict and Knowledge Transfer in International Acquisitions

    Vaara, Eero; Sarala, Riikka; Stahl, Gunter K.; Björkman, Ingmar

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to elucidate the effects of organizational and national cultural differences on international acquisitions. We argue that cultural differences prompt social identity building that leads to 'us versus them' thinking and thereby creates the potential for social conflict. We also maintain that the same cultural differences can contribute to learning in terms of knowledge transfer. We develop a structural equation model to test these hypothesized effect...

  14. Impact of Demographics and Organizational Variables on Level of Awareness, Usage Knowledge of IPRs in Business: An Empirical Study

    Y. Lokeswara Choudary

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Intellectual Property gives certain exclusive rights to owners to use, sell or to hire or to franchise either in full orpartially, on a variety of intangible assets, such as musical, literary, and artistic works; discoveries andinventions; and words, phrases, symbols, and designs. Common types of intellectual property include copyrights,trademarks, patents, industrial design rights and trade secrets in some jurisdictions. Intellectual propertyprotection is the key factor for business growth and advancement in the science and technology sector. Theprimary aim of the present paper is to study the role of demographical and organizational variables role in thelevel of awareness and the usage knowledge of the employees in the associated sectors in the sample area. Theresults indicates that, the relationship between the demographics and organizational variables and The level ofawareness, importance of IPRs and Application knowledge of the IPRs for business development is highlysignificant at 1% level of significance. Hence, it is concluded that the level of awareness and usage of IPRs inbusiness has close relationship with the demographic and organizational variables in the Industry.

  15. Social support moderates the impact of demands on burnout and organizational connectedness: a two-wave study of volunteer firefighters.

    Huynh, Jasmine Y; Xanthopoulou, Despoina; Winefield, Anthony H

    2013-01-01

    This two-wave study of volunteers examined the effect of family and friend support on the relationship between volunteer demands (emotional demands and work-home conflict) on the one hand, and burnout (exhaustion and cynicism) and organizational connectedness on the other hand. It was hypothesized that family and friend support would moderate the relationship between (a) demands at Time 1 (T1) and burnout at Time 2 (T2); and (b) demands at T1 and organizational connectedness at T2. Hypotheses were tested among 126 Australian volunteer firefighters, who were followed up over 1 year. Results showed that support moderated the relationship between work-home conflict and exhaustion, but not between emotional demands and exhaustion. In addition, family and friend support moderated the relationship between both volunteer demands at T1 and cynicism and organizational connectedness at T2. These results suggest that support from family and friends is a critical resource in coping with the demands related to volunteer work and may protect volunteers from burnout, while helping them to stay connected to volunteering. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:23276192

  16. Employee Reviews on Company Independent Sites and its Impact on Organizational Attractiveness: Role of Information Realism, Person – Environment Fit and Source Credibility Framework

    Tavleen Kaur

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Extant literature on recruitment has focused on the traditional sources of recruitment like company brochures, career fairs, and impact of such sources on intent to join the organization, productivity and turnover intention. The influence of recruitment related information on pre hire outcomes is still scarce and inconclusive. With the advent of technology and access to Internet, company websites have become an important source of recruitment. Apart from company websites, job seekers are now using company independent websites, forums or online communities to gather a more truthful picture and information about the job and organizational attributes. Social media too has become increasingly important medium where the current employees’ share how it is to work with the organization However research on web based recruitment is limited to company websites. Despite the widespread growth and practical use of these new and innovative media very little is known about how these independent sites influence recruitment pre hire outcomes. In this direction the proposed study presents a conceptual framework about how job seekers perceive company independent websites as a tool for providing recruitment communication and their impact on organizational attractiveness using Information Realism, Person-Environment fit framework, Source Credibility framework.

  17. The impact of ISO 9001:2008 quality management system implementation on organizational performance of the Nuclear Regulatory Division of Philippine Nuclear Research Institute

    This report aims to determine the perception of Nuclear Regulatory Division staff of the Phiippine Nuclear Research Institute on the implementation of ISO 9001-2008 Quality Management System in terms of the eight quality management principles, its effect to their process performance and its impact to NRD organizational performance. Likewise, it aims to determine if there are direct relationshops between the ISO-QMS implementation, the process performance, and organizational performance in terms of customers' satisfaction. Two survey instruments were used for quantitative data collection from two groups of respondents, i.e., the NRD staff for their perception and as internal customers and the licenses (holder of valid radioactive material license) as the external customers. All items were measured on a 4-point Likert Scale ranging from 1 as Strongly Disagree/Strongly Dissatisfied to 4 Strongly Agree/Strongly Satisfied. The data were analyzed statistically by means of Microsoft Ofice Excel and Statistical Analysis Software (SAS). Linear regression was used to test the hypotheses. The results show that the perception of the NRD staff are agreeable with the implementation of the ISO 9001:2008 in their organization which indicated 'customer focused' and 'process approach' as the strength of the practices while 'leadership' and 'mutually beneficial supplier relationship' as the weakest. Data on NRD staff perceptions of ISO 9001:2008 also show that QMS implementation has improved the effectiveness and efficiency of their core business processes which impacted on the organizational performance. The external customers rated 'competence', 'courtesy' and 'credibility' as the three highest attributes of NRD service quality which denote their full trust and confidence to NRD as a nuclear regulatory body. Meanwhile, the same external customers rated 'tangibles', 'reliability' and 'access' as the lowest attributes. Furthermore, the results also show a significant and strong

  18. Organizational factors

    The following organizational factors are considered with respect to the human factor and operating safety of nuclear power plants: external influences; objectives and strategy; positions and ways of management; allocation of resources; working with human resources; operators' training; coordination of work; knowledge of organization and management; proceduralization of the topic; labour organizing culture; self-improvement system; and communication. (P.A.)

  19. Organizational Blogging

    Agerdal-Hjermind, Annette

    The purpose of this paper is to address and discuss implications of blog usage in a corporate communication context from an employees’ perspective by analyzing the local context and the underlying motivations of corporate blogging as they are being discursively constructed by a group of organizat......The purpose of this paper is to address and discuss implications of blog usage in a corporate communication context from an employees’ perspective by analyzing the local context and the underlying motivations of corporate blogging as they are being discursively constructed by a group of...... organizational bloggers. The paper presents findings from a case study of a government agency’s corporate blogging activity, traced through focus group interviews with the organizational bloggers. Based on an empirical investigation of the organizational bloggers using situational analysis and thematic network...... organization is as critical to our understanding of blogging and social media in a corporate context, as it is to our understanding of transparent and participatory organizational culture. The findings are useful for managers to get insight into the implications of corporate blogging, i.e. the challenges and...

  20. Organizational justice, trust, and identification and their effects on organizational commitment in hospital nursing staff

    Chen, Su-Yueh; Wu, Wen-Chuan; Chang, Ching-Sheng; Lin, Chia-Tzu; Kung, Jung-Yuan; Weng, Hui-Ching; Lin, Yu-Tz; Lee, Shu-I

    2015-01-01

    Background It is of importance and urgency for hospitals to retain excellent nursing staff in order to improve patient satisfaction and hospital performance. However, it was found that simply increasing the salary is not the best method to resolve the problem of lacking nursing staff; it is necessary to focus on the impact of non-monetary factors. The delicate relationship between organizational justice, organizational trust, organizational identification, and organizational commitment requir...

  1. Responsible technology acceptance

    Toft, Madeleine Broman; Schuitema, Geertje; Thøgersen, John

    2014-01-01

    on private consumers’ acceptance of having Smart Grid technology installed in their home. We analyse acceptance in a combined framework of the Technology Acceptance Model and the Norm Activation Model. We propose that individuals are only likely to accept Smart Grid technology if they assess...... usefulness in terms of a positive impact for society and the environment. Therefore, we expect that Smart Grid technology acceptance can be better explained when the well-known technology acceptance parameters included in the Technology Acceptance Model are supplemented by moral norms as suggested by the...... Norm Activation Model. We tested this proposition by means of an online survey of Danish (N=323), Norwegian (N=303) and Swiss (N=324) private consumers. The study confirms that adding personal norms to the independent variables of the Technology Acceptance Model leads to a significant increase in the...

  2. Active CO2 Reservoir Management for Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Sequestration: Impact on Permitting, Monitoring, and Public Acceptance

    Buscheck, T. A.; Chen, M.; Sun, Y.; Hao, Y.; Court, B.; Celia, M. A.; Wolery, T.; Aines, R. D.

    2011-12-01

    extent of the pressure perturbation, substantially reducing both the Area of Review (AoR) and interactions with neighboring subsurface activities. This will reduce pore-space competition between neighboring subsurface activities, allowing for independent planning, assessment, and permitting. Because post-injection pressure buildup is virtually eliminated, this could have a major impact on post-injection monitoring requirements. Reducing the volume of rock over which brine can migrate may significantly affect site characterization requirements, as well as the impact of parametric and conceptual model uncertainties, such as those related to abandoned wells. ACRM-CCUS has the potential of playing a beneficial role in site-characterization, permitting, and monitoring activities, and in gaining public acceptance. This work performed under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Energy by Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344.

  3. Inter-Organizational Coordination, IT Support, and Environment

    QU Gang; JI Shaobo; MIN Qingfei

    2008-01-01

    Manufacturing organizations must know how to deal with uncertainty, manage environmental impact, effectively coordinate with suppliers, and use information technology (IT) to support coordination. Applying cybernetics and information processing theories, this study explores the relationship between organizational environment, inter-organizational coordination, IT support, and the effectiveness of inter-organizational coordination. Using the case study method, data was collected from six manufacturing firms in China. The results show that inter-organizational system adoption is affected by organizational environment and is related to the management of inter-organizational coordination. Coordination and IT application affect the performance of inter-organizational coordination.

  4. The Impact of Employee Information Privacy Concerns on Organizational Human Resource Management%员工信息隐私关注对组织人力资源管理实践的影响

    杨宏玲; 张婷; 赵妍

    2013-01-01

    网络环境和信息技术的发展使个人隐私面临巨大挑战。本文从组织内部员工信息隐私关注的角度,研究其对组织信任、组织公民行为和员工满意度的影响。结构方程模型分析的结果表明,员工信息隐私关注对其组织信任有显著的负向影响;信息隐私关注通过组织信任对组织公民行为有一定的影响;信息隐私关注不仅对员工满意度有直接的影响,也通过组织信任对其有间接的影响。%As the development of Network environment and information technology, personal privacy faces great challenges. This paper studies information privacy concerns from the internal staff and its impact on organizational trust, organizational citizenship behavior and employee satisfaction. Structural equation modeling analysis shows that the employee information privacy concerns have a significant negative impact on organizational trust; information privacy concerns have a certain impact on organizational citizenship behavior through organizational trust; information privacy concerns not only have a direct impact on employee satisfaction but also have an indirect impact through organizational trust.

  5. Organizational Blogging

    Agerdal-Hjermind, Annette

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to address and discuss implications of blog usage in a corporate communication context from an employees’ perspective by analyzing the local context and the underlying motivations of corporate blogging as they are being discursively constructed by a group of organizat......The purpose of this paper is to address and discuss implications of blog usage in a corporate communication context from an employees’ perspective by analyzing the local context and the underlying motivations of corporate blogging as they are being discursively constructed by a group of...... organizational bloggers. The paper presents findings from a case study of a government agency’s corporate blogging activity, traced through focus group interviews with the organizational bloggers....

  6. Organizational Identity

    Vágnerová, Daniela

    2009-01-01

    This thesis provides insights into two topics connected to organizational identity of a university. First it looks at differences in current and desired identity of the university and second it looks at subgroups' differences in perceptions of the organization's current and desired identity. This research was conducted at Faculty of international relations, University of economics in Prague where two subgroups were studied in more detail - the students and faculty employees. The thesis starts...

  7. Organizational Transparency

    Albu, Oana Brindusa; Flyverbom, Mikkel

    2016-01-01

    Transparency is an increasingly prominent area of research that offers valuable insights for organizational studies. However, conceptualizations of transparency are rarely subject to critical scrutiny and thus their relevance remains unclear. In most accounts, transparency is associated with the...... shape the extant literature, with a focus on three dimensions: conceptualizations, conditions, and consequences. The contribution of the study is twofold: (a) On a conceptual level, we provide a framework that articulates two paradigmatic positions underpinning discussions of transparency, verifiability...

  8. Applying Organizational Routines in understanding organizational change

    Becker, Markus; Lazaric, Nathalie; Nelson, Richard; G. Winter, Sidney

    2005-01-01

    International audience Organizational routines are considered basic components of organizational behavior and repositories of Organizational capabilities (Nelson and Winter, 1982). They do, therefore, hold one of the keys to understanding organizational change. We identify problems encountered in such research and present proposal for how to deal with them, in order to advance our knowledge of routines and our understanding or organizational change. Developing these themes, we also introdu...

  9. Banking Models Under the Impact of the Post-Crisis Organizational Changes Apt to Confer Sustainable Financial Stability - Romanian Experience

    Claudia Gabriela Baicu

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The global financial crisis led to substantial changes in the operating environment of banks. Reforming the regulatory framework of financial and banking activity and the increase role of state in banking systems in many countries are important factors that involve major changes in the organizing of banking activity, the strategies adopted, the business models practiced, etc. Based on these considerations, the paper examines trends in banking models after the 2007 crisis. The analysis of the banking models is performed from the perspective of the deep organizational changes that affected the banking environment and sustainable financial stability. The study focuses on the analysis of the banking sustenability and the business model in the Romanian banking system, in the context of the post-crisis organizational changes. The profound interdependence of the Romanian banking system with the banking systems of the European countries and the international tendencies in financial regulation are important factors that influence the business models of the Romanian banks. The banking model practiced in Romania continues to be the traditional one. Currently, the most important challenges of the Romanian banking system are the growth of the non-performing loans, the loans in foreign currency to unhedged borrowers, the pressure to meet the Basel III requirements, as well as the possibility that the exposure of foreign banks towards Romania to decrease.

  10. The Impact of Role Conflict, Role Ambiguity and Organizational Climate on the Job Satisfaction of Academic Staff in Research-Intensive Universities in the UK

    Schulz, John

    2013-01-01

    This study focuses on academics in research-intensive universities in the UK and explores their perceptions of organizational climate, role conflict, role ambiguity and job satisfaction. The findings suggest that the universities have multiple organizational climates. Three organizational climate types -- the Clan, the Hierarchy and the Adhocracy…

  11. Typologizing Organizational Amnesia

    Othman, Rozhan; Hashim, Noor Azuan

    2004-01-01

    This article proposes that a major problem limiting an organization's ability to develop organizational learning capacity is of organizational amnesia. To understand organizational amnesia, it is necessary to look at the various ways that organizational learning is defined. Organizational learning is not merely the process of acquiring knowledge.…

  12. The Organizational Design of Offshoring

    Larsen, Marcus M.

    2014-01-01

    . In this respect, a number of questions arise. For example, how does the added distance between the organizational activities signified by offshoring impact task interdependencies and performance? How do bounded rational decision makers account for and plan the organizational change from co......The general research question guiding this thesis is: What are the organizational consequences of offshoring? Increasingly firms are becoming caught up by the “harsh realities of offshoring” (Aron and Singh, 2005: 135). Many firms have begun to realize that managing an increasingly globally....... Accordingly, the overall purpose of this thesis is to investigate why some firms fail when offshoring and others do not. To accomplish this, offshoring is conceptualized as an organizational reconfiguration which requires firms to coordinate and integrate geographically dispersed activities across distances...

  13. Impacts of National Political Processes on the Organizational Initiatives of Piaroa Women in the Colombo-Venezuelan Amazon

    Vivian Paulina Rosado Cárdenas

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This article analyses the incidence of the national political processes in the Colombia-Venezuela border on the organizational process of Piaroa indigenous women living along the middle Orinoco River. From their grassroots organizations, these women seek to cooperate amongst themselves and build a regional ethnic identity, without geopolitical borders, that allows them to strengthen their roles in their communities, in face of the current process of urbanization. However, the policies of the two countries offer different strategies for reclaiming and rebuilding this new cultural identity and for reassessing their position as indigenous women and citizens. This is made evident in their demands to the State and in the new ‘plans of life’ (planes de vida they have proposed for the future generations.  

  14. Quality assurance and organizational effectiveness in hospitals.

    Hetherington, R W

    1982-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore some aspects of a general theoretical model within which research on the organizational impacts of quality assurance programs in hospitals may be examined. Quality assurance is conceptualized as an organizational control mechanism, operating primarily through increased formalization of structures and specification of procedures. Organizational effectiveness is discussed from the perspective of the problem-solving theory of organizations, wherein effecti...

  15. ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE IN KNOWLEDGE-BASED FIRM

    VLADIMIR-CODRIN IONESCU

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available For sustainable competitive advantages gain, modern organizations, knowledge-based, must promote a proactive and flexible management, permanently connected to change which occur in business environment. Contextually, the paper analyses impact factors of the environment which could determine a firm to initiate a programme strategic organizational change. Likewise, the paper identifies the main organizational variables involved in a changing process and emphasizes the essential role which managers and entrepreneurs have in substantiation, elaboration and implementation of organizational change models.

  16. SERVANT LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATIONAL TRUST: THE MEDIATING EFFECT OF THE LEADER TRUST AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMUNICATION

    Morad Rezaei

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper aims to clarify the relationship between servant leadership and organizational trust, and tries to demonstrate the mediator role of leader trust and organizational communication in this relationship. The study sample included 258 employees of Guilan province Tax Administration and for sampling we used cluster method. Previous studies have also focused on the positive impact of servant leadership in organizational trust and in this article the results show that there is a significant relationship between servant leadership, organizational trust, leader trust and organizational communication.

  17. Organizational Learning as a Component of Organizational Intelligence

    Ivana Simic

    2005-01-01

    Organizational intelligence represents intellectual ability of an organization which, in fact, integrates its humane and technical (informational and communicational) potentials that are used in solving concrete organizational problems. Critical components on which organizational intelligence is based are: organizational learning, organizational memory, organizational knowledge, organizational communication, and organizational conclusion. The aim of this paper, after determining the concepts ...

  18. 组织支持对黑龙江省高等医学院校教师组织公平感及工作投入的影响%Impact of Organizational Support on Organizational Justice and Job Engagement of Teachers in Higher Medical Universities, Heilongjiang

    段孝建; 樊立华; 邹路琦; 孙涛; 白诗萌; 葛思澳; 张薇; 关欣

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨组织支持对黑龙江省高等医学院校教师组织公平感及工作投入的影响及其作用机制。方法:采用问卷调查法收集数据,研究工具采用组织支持量表、组织公平量表及工作投入量表。结果:高等医学院校教师组织支持与组织公平感(β=0�653,P<0.01)和工作投入(β=0.268,P<0.01)呈积极的正向相关性,组织公平感在组织支持与工作投入关系间扮演完全中介作用(β=0.175,P<0.01)。结论:高等医学院校教师感知到的组织支持有助于提升其对组织公平的感知,进而正向激励其努力投入工作。%Objective:To explore impact and mechanism of organizational support on organizational justice and job engagement of teachers in higher medical university. Methods:Questionnaires were used to collect data,including organizational justice scale, organizational support scale and job engagement scale. Results:Organizational support and organizational justice (beta = 0. 653, P< 0. 01) was positive correlation with job engagement of teachers in higher medical university (beta = 0. 268, P< 0. 01), organizational justice play a full mediating role in the relation⁃ship between organizational support and job engagement (beta = 0. 175,P< 0. 01). Conclusion:Because of improving perception of organization justice of teachers in higher medical university through enhancing a sense of perceived organizational support, and to motivate them to work hard.

  19. The Impact of Organizational Factors on the Level of Work Ethic among State Office Employee (Case of Study: Khansar City Employees

    Mehrangiz Mohammadkhani

    2013-07-01

    The Results of the study show that there are relationships between organizational factors and level of work ethic and this relationships are positive and significant, but are weak. Among variables, meritocracy, style of management, environmental conditions of work have positive relationships with work ethic. Regression analysis of organizational factors and work ethic show that there is a linear relation between them. Adjusted r – squares change from .27 to .2 from model 1 to 3. Based on the third model, independent variables explain 27 percent of the variance of the dependent variable. According to standard regression coefficients, environmental conditions, meritocracy and style of management have the most impacts on dependent variable, respectively. The results show that relationships of all variables with work ethic are significant only when they are viewed with each other, but in regression model only environmental conditions, meritocracy and style of management had significant and linear relationships with work ethic. In the analysis of the relationship between meritocracy and work ethic, it could be said that when employees understand that without commitment and merit they cannot move to higher orders, they try to achieve merit with endeavor and education. Of course, this should be done in accordance with society’s dominant values. Inattention to merit, specialization and skill causes a weakness in spirit and domination of selfishness, Work environment conditions have also an important impact on job satisfaction. If suitable work environment conditions prevail in an organization, feelings of being valuable and likable are created among employees. In this respect, job security has more impact on work ethic by creating spiritual security at work environment. Unfortunately in our organizations, job satisfaction is weak. From one point of view, this is because historically the government has seen itself as competent for any action and can break its contracts

  20. Organizational Communication: ERIC Report.

    Boileau, Don M.

    1984-01-01

    Presents abstracts from "Resources in Education" on (1) teaching about women in organizational communication; (2) communication as part of job satisfaction; and (3) research in organizational communication. (PD)

  1. A systematic review of patient acceptance of consumer health information technology.

    Or, Calvin K L; Karsh, Ben-Tzion

    2009-01-01

    A systematic literature review was performed to identify variables promoting consumer health information technology (CHIT) acceptance among patients. The electronic bibliographic databases Web of Science, Business Source Elite, CINAHL, Communication and Mass Media Complete, MEDLINE, PsycArticles, and PsycInfo were searched. A cited reference search of articles meeting the inclusion criteria was also conducted to reduce misses. Fifty-two articles met the selection criteria. Among them, 94 different variables were tested for associations with acceptance. Most of those tested (71%) were patient factors, including sociodemographic characteristics, health- and treatment-related variables, and prior experience or exposure to computer/health technology. Only ten variables were related to human-technology interaction; 16 were organizational factors; and one was related to the environment. In total, 62 (66%) were found to predict acceptance in at least one study. Existing literature focused largely on patient-related factors. No studies examined the impact of social and task factors on acceptance, and few tested the effects of organizational or environmental factors on acceptance. Future research guided by technology acceptance theories should fill those gaps to improve our understanding of patient CHIT acceptance, which in turn could lead to better CHIT design and implementation. PMID:19390112

  2. A compound methodology to assess the impact of human and organizational factors impact on the risk level of hazardous industrial plants

    Monferini, A.; Konstandinidou, M.; Nivolianitou, Z.;

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a compound methodology devised to relate Human and Organizational Factors (HOFs) to operators’ response time in critical operations within hazardous industrial plants. The methodology has been based on a sensitivity analysis of the nine “families” of the Common Performance...... Conditions (CPCs), as defined in the CREAM technique, in order to verify and rank their influence on the operators’ response time. To prove the methodology, a series of pilot experiments have been designed and performed so that human response is evaluated in a Virtual Environment (VE) reproducing the control...

  3. Psychological Flexibility, ACT, and Organizational Behavior

    Bond, Frank W.; Hayes, Steven C.; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot

    2006-01-01

    This paper offers organizational behavior management (OBM) a behavior analytically consistent way to expand its analysis of, and methods for changing, organizational behavior. It shows how Relational Frame Theory (RFT) suggests that common, problematic, psychological processes emerge from language itself, and they produce psychological inflexibility. Research suggests that an applied extension of RFT, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, has led to new interventions that increase psychological ...

  4. Impact of a "TED-Style" presentation on potential patients' willingness to accept dental implant therapy: a one-group, pre-test post-test study

    Ghanem, Henry; Afrashtehfar, Kelvin Ian; Abi-Nader, Samer; Tamimi, Faleh

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE A survey was conducted to assess the impact of a TED-like educational session on participants' willingness to accept dental implant therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Volunteers interested in having information about dental implant therapies were recruited and asked to complete a two-part survey before and after an educational session. The initial survey elicited demographic information, self-perceived knowledge on dental implants and willingness to this kind of treatment. A "TED-style" p...

  5. 32 CFR 989.5 - Organizational relationships.

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Organizational relationships. 989.5 Section 989... PROTECTION ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ANALYSIS PROCESS (EIAP) § 989.5 Organizational relationships. (a) The host... Objective Memorandum. Subsequent Program Change Requests must include AF Form 813. (d) To ensure...

  6. Computerized management information systems and organizational structures

    Zannetos, Z. S.; Sertel, M. R.

    1970-01-01

    The computerized management of information systems and organizational structures is discussed. The subjects presented are: (1) critical factors favoring centralization and decentralization of organizations, (2) classification of organizations by relative structure, (3) attempts to measure change in organization structure, and (4) impact of information technology developments on organizational structure changes.

  7. Organizational Citizenship Behaviour - Source of Organizational Performance

    Alecxandrina DEACONU; Lavinia RASCA

    2011-01-01

    Organizational performance has, over time, become a fundamental objective of managerial strategies. Its achievement is conditioned by thorough scientific research concerning the context in which it is obtained as well as the analysis of the concept of Organizational Citizenship Behaviour (OCB) and the way it influences different dimensions of organizational involvement, organizational climate, work satisfaction and, consequently, business results. This study has a two-part structure: the firs...

  8. An investigation on the role of organizational climate on organizational citizenship behavior

    Mahsan Hajirasouliha

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an empirical study to investigate the effect of organizational climate on organizational citizenship behavior in one of Iranian automakers. The proposed study uses a standard questionnaire for measuring organizational citizenship behavior, which is adopted from Podsakoff et al. (2000 [Podsakoff, P. M., MacKenzie, S. B., Paine, J. B., & Bachrach, D. G. (2000. Organizational citizenship behaviors: A critical review of the theoretical and empirical literature and suggestions for future research. Journal of management, 26(3, 513-563.]. The study also uses another questionnaire, which measures organizational climate, which is adopted from Arabacı (2010 [Arabacı, I. B. (2010. Academic and administration personnel's perceptions of organizational climate (Sample of Educational Faculty of Fırat University. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(2, 4445-4450.] and both questionnaires are designed in Likert scale. Cronbach alphas for organizational citizenship behavior and organizational climate are measured as 0.78 and 0.84, respectively, which are above the acceptance level of 0.70. Therefore, we can confirm the validity of both questionnaires. The study is implemented among 200 experts in Iranian automaker, randomly and using Spearman correlation ratio as well as stepwise regression techniques, the study has detected a meaningful relationship between components of organizational climate and organizational citizenship behavior.

  9. Creating a winning organizational culture.

    Campbell, Robert James

    2009-01-01

    This article explores the idea of how to create a winning organizational culture. By definition, a winning organizational culture is one that is able to make current innovations stick, while continuously changing based on the demands of the marketplace. More importantly, the article explores the notion that a winning organizational culture can have a profound impact on the conscious of the workforce, helping each individual to become a better, more productive person, who provides important services and products to the community. To form a basis toward defining the structure of what a winning organization culture looks like, 4 experts were asked 12 questions related to the development of an organizational culture. Three of the experts have worked intimately within the health care industry, while a fourth has been charged with turning around an organization that has had a losing culture for 17 years. The article provides insight into the role that values, norms, goals, leadership style, familiarity, and hiring practices play in developing a winning organizational culture. The article also emphasizes the important role that leaders perform in developing an organizational culture. PMID:19910709

  10. Organizational Commitment through Organizational Socialization Tactics

    Filstad, Cathrine

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is to investigate how organizational socialization tactics affect newcomers' organizational commitment and learning processes. Design/methodology/approach: A survey was conducted using a measurement tool based on Van Maanen and Schein's theory on organizational socialization tactics and Kuvaas' measurement tools of…

  11. Organizational Learning in Health Care Organizations

    Savithiri Ratnapalan

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The process of collective education in an organization that has the capacity to impact an organization’s operations, performance and outcomes is called organizational learning. In health care organizations, patient care is provided through one or more visible and invisible teams. These teams are composed of experts and novices from diverse backgrounds working together to provide coordinated care. The number of teams involved in providing care and the possibility of breakdowns in communication and coordinated care increases in direct proportion to sophisticated technology and treatment strategies of complex disease processes. Safe patient care is facilitated by individual professional learning; inter-professional team learning and system based organizational learning, which encompass modified context specific learning by multiple teams and team members in a health care organization. Organizational learning in health care systems is central to managing the learning requirements in complex interconnected dynamic systems where all have to know common background knowledge along with shared meta-knowledge of roles and responsibilities to execute their assigned functions, communicate and transfer the flow of pertinent information and collectively provide safe patient care. Organizational learning in health care is not a onetime intervention, but a continuing organizational phenomenon that occurs through formal and informal learning which has reciprocal association with organizational change. As such, organizational changes elicit organizational learning and organizational learning implements new knowledge and practices to create organizational changes.

  12. The effect of perceived organizational support on organizational commitment of diagnostic imaging radiographers

    This article arises from a research project investigating the effects of occupational stress and organizational commitment of diagnostic imaging radiographers on rendering quality service. One of the main aims of this project was to determine the extent to which perceived organizational support influenced commitment of radiographers to the organization, to reduce turnover intent and quality of service rendered. A descriptive correlation study design, based on questionnaires completed by 119 radiographers from 11 organizations, revealed that organizational commitment was moderate towards a tendency of poor. A positive relationship was found between various antecedents of perceived organizational support and organizational commitment (mainly affective and normative), indicating that perceived organizational support positively influenced radiographers' organizational commitment. There is a clear indication of turnover intent, which in turn has a negative impact on rendering quality service. In conclusion, to reduce turnover intent, and improve quality of service rendered, management needs to play an important role in creating a positive working environment for radiographers to perform their tasks

  13. The Impact of Supporting Professional Characteristics on Adaptive Performance of Organization: Testing The Mediation Role of Organizational Commitment With Structural Equation Modelling

    Hasan Kose; Gokhan Ozer,

    2013-01-01

    Organizational commitment has been employed widely in the organizational research related to employee workplace behavior. Also it has effects on organizations as well as employees. Hence, this study aims to investigate the mediation role of organizational commitment on the effect of supporting professional characteristics on organizaitonal adaptive performance. The study was applied to 403 participants from various small and medium sized enterprises quoted to İstanbul Trade Chamber. Correlati...

  14. Organizational ethnography

    Bager, Ann

    2015-01-01

    that incorporates its subjects into new and everchanging lines of subjectification. This transformation of dispositifs (Deleuze, 1992; Foucault, 1980) and authoritative discourses (Bakhtin, 1982) that compose (and is composed of) a contemporary way of living induces in other words new types of embodied...... organizational knowledge and ways of organizing, which have consequences for how subject positions are (re)configured in everyday corporate lives. Such identity work is rarely studied in local discursive practices of today’s modern and emergent corporations. The aspiration in the present article is to scrutinize...... of a loose-coupled and temporary arrangement/organization that invited a diverse group of participants to engage in the co-production of knowledge in/on leadership communicative practices. The participants were professional leaders from diverse organizations in the North of Jutland together with researchers...

  15. Acceptability, acceptance and decision making

    There is a fundamental difference between the acceptability of a civilizatory or societal risk and the acceptability of the decision-making process that leads to a civilizatory or societal risk. The analysis of individual risk decisions - regarding who, executes when which indisputably hazardous, unhealthy or dangerous behaviour under which circumstances - is not helpful in finding solutions for the political decisions at hand in Germany concerning nuclear energy in particular or energy in general. The debt for implementation of any technology, in the sense of making the technology a success in terms of broad acceptance and general utilisation, lies with the particular industry involved. Regardless of the technology, innovation research identifies the implementation phase as most critical to the success of any innovation. In this sense, nuclear technology is at best still an innovation, because the implementation has not yet been completed. Fear and opposition to innovation are ubiquitous. Even the economy - which is often described as 'rational' - is full of this resistance. Innovation has an impact on the pivotal point between stability, the presupposition for the successful execution of decisions already taken and instability, which includes insecurity, but is also necessary for the success of further development. By definition, innovations are beyond our sphere of experience; not at the level of reliability and trust yet to come. Yet they are evaluated via the simplifying heuristics for making decisions proven not only to be necessary and useful, but also accurate in the familiar. The 'settlement of the debt of implementation', the accompanying communication, the decision-making procedures concerning the regulation of averse effects of the technology, but also the tailoring of the new technology or service itself must be directed to appropriate target groups. But the group often aimed at in the nuclear debate, the group, which largely determines political

  16. Firm persistence in technological innovation: the relevance of organizational innovation

    Naciba Haned; Caroline Mothe; Nguyen-Thi Thuc Uyen

    2014-01-01

    Organizational innovation favors technological innovation, but does it also influence persistence in technological innovation? This article empirically investigates the pattern of technological innovation persistence and tests the potential impact of organizational innovation using firm-level data from three waves of French Community Innovation Surveys. The evidence indicates a positive effect of organizational innovation on persistence in technological innovation, according to various measur...

  17. Online Education and Organizational Change

    Garza Mitchell, Regina L.

    2009-01-01

    An in-depth case study examined faculty and administrator perceptions of how online education affected the organizational culture of a large, suburban community college. Findings suggest that in addition to structural and procedural changes, online education had an impact on faculty and administrator roles, teaching and learning (in both online…

  18. Acceptable risk

    The hazards of nuclear power, radioactive wastes and radiation are analysed in a general book describing and defining acceptable-risk problems, the difficulties in resolving them and considering such issues as uncertainty about their definition, lack of relevant facts, conflicting and conflicted social values and disagreements between technical experts and the lay public. The many methods that have been proposed for resolving acceptable-risk problems are identified and criticised. (author)

  19. Organizational Commitment for Knowledge Workers: The Roles of Perceived Organizational Learning Culture, Leader-Member Exchange Quality, and Turnover Intention

    Joo, Baek-Kyoo

    2010-01-01

    This article investigates the impact of perceived organizational learning culture and leader-member exchange (LMX) quality on organizational commitment and eventually on employee turnover intention. Employees exhibited the highest organizational commitment when they perceived a higher learning culture and when they were supervised in a supportive…

  20. SERVANT LEADERSHIP AND ORGANIZATIONAL TRUST: THE MEDIATING EFFECT OF THE LEADER TRUST AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMUNICATION

    Morad Rezaei; Sajjad Salehi; Masomeh Shafiei; Somaye Sabet

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper aims to clarify the relationship between servant leadership and organizational trust, and tries to demonstrate the mediator role of leader trust and organizational communication in this relationship. The study sample included 258 employees of Guilan province Tax Administration and for sampling we used cluster method. Previous studies have also focused on the positive impact of servant leadership in organizational trust and in this article the results show that there ...

  1. Relationship between Organizational Communication Satisfaction and Organizational Justice: An Emprical Study

    GÖK, Sibel; Karatuna, Işıl; Özkılıçcı, Gökçe

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the relationship between organizational communication satisfaction and organizational justice and to explore the impact of communication satisfaction on perceived justice in a group of university employees. Data were obtained through questionnaires among 481 academics working in public and private universities in Turkey. The research measures used in this study were the Communication Satisfaction Questionnaire of Downs and Hazen and the Organizational Justice S...

  2. Influence of Organizational Learning and Innovation on Organizational Performance in Asian Manufacturing Food Industry

    Hui, Huang; Che Wan Jasimahbt Wan Mohamed RADZI; Jenatabadi, Hashem Salarzadeh; Farihah Abu KASIM; Radu, Son

    2013-01-01

    The main objective of this paper is to find out the impact of organizational learning (OL) and organizational innovation (OI) on organizational performance (OP) in Asia manufacturing food industries. This study explores those linkages using structural equation modelling (SEM) with data from 172 companies in food manufacturing companies was selected from Taiwan, China, and Malaysia. The research model includes three latent variables including OL, OI, and OP. The results showed that OL and OI h...

  3. Relationship between Organizational Communication Satisfaction and Organizational Justice: An Empirical Study

    GÖK, Sibel; Karatuna, Işıl; Özkılıçcı, Gökçe

    2013-01-01

    This study aimed to investigate the relationship between organizational communication satisfaction and organizational justice and to explore the impact of communication satisfaction on perceived justice in a group of university employees. Data were obtained through questionnaires among 481 academics working in public and private universities in Turkey. The research measures used in this study were the Communication Satisfaction Questionnaire of Downs and Hazen and the Organizational Justice S...

  4. Texas organizational culture

    Hronzová, Kristýna

    2013-01-01

    The goal of the thesis "Texas organizational culture" is to find and define specifics of Texas organizational culture as a part of American organizational culture. First, theoretical terms connected to culture and organizational culture are defined. In the practical part of the thesis, American organizational culture is described, namely ethical codex, company social responsibility, workplace, team-building and dress code. The last part concerns Texas itself, its culture in general, history, ...

  5. The Study of Three Organizational Enigmas; Organizational Economy, Organizational Business and Organizational Skills

    José G. Vargas Hernández; Mohammad Reza Noruzi

    2010-01-01

    Organizational economics makes important contributions to management theory. The focus of structural contingency theory is on the phenomena of the economy significant in organizational management theory and other new paradigms of organizational theories. However, the theory of organizational economics has hardly taken the multiple disciplines of organizational behaviour, strategy and theory, but is aligned with the management theories of psychology, sociology and policy dealing with human mot...

  6. The Impact of Organizational Features and Student Experiences on Spiritual Development during the First Year of College

    Lovik, Eric G.

    2011-01-01

    The researcher analyzed National Survey of Student Engagement (NSSE) data for over 7,000 first-year students at nearly 450 institutions to examine the impacts on spiritual development. International, Asian, and first generation students reported gains in spirituality. Participating in worshipful activities, engaging in service learning and…

  7. Sharing The Fire: The igniting role of transformational leadership on the relationship between public managers’ and employees’ organizational commitment

    Camilla Denager Staniok; Christian Bøtcher Jacobsen

    2014-01-01

    Seminal articles on organizational commitment in public organizations have assumed that employees reciprocate the attitudes of their peers, but recent studies suggest that the impact of managers’ organizational commitment on employees’ organizational commitment depends on how leaders convey their organizational commitment. In this study we investigate how transformational leadership moderates the relationship between mangers’ and employees’ organizational commitment. Multilevel data from surv...

  8. The impact of employees‟ personality traits in perceiving leadership styles and organizational attitude in Saudi Banking context

    Almandeel, Seita Mandeel

    2014-01-01

    This thesis explores the influence of employees‟ personality types (Neuroticism (N), Openness to Experience (O), Conscientiousness (C), Agreeableness (A) and Extraversion (E)) on leadership styles (Transformational, Transactional and Avoidant) and on employees‟ attitudes to their organisation (Job Satisfaction and Turnover Intention) in banks in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The objectives of this thesis are to identify the impact of personality traits on: perceptions of Leadership behaviour, ...

  9. The Valuation of Organizational Capital

    Fiala Roman, Borůvková Jana

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The authors’ aim was to create a model suitable for measuring organization capital. This model was produced by means of the Forward and Backward Stepwise methods, on the basis of company information. Low p-levels (approaching 0 show the statistical significance of all regression coefficients, including the intercept. Organizational capital of 2,796 companies in the Czech Republic was quantified. A statistically significant correlation between organizational capital and return on equity (ROE, as well as between organizational capital and return on assets (ROA, has been established. This article is a part of the results of the project No. 402/09/2057 ‘‘Measurement and Management of Intangible Assets Impact on Firm Performance’’ financed by Czech Science Foundation.

  10. Organizational Values and Innovative Organizational Knowledge Creation

    Lilian Aparecida Pasquini Miguel

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Innovation is a source of competitive advantage and is based on the continuous creation of organizational knowledge, which is supported by the individual learning. The individual learning of traditional / comportamentalist and constructivist nature can be understood, by extension, as organizational learning. The knowledge can be innovative if, along with the enabling conditions that characterize it - intention, fluctuation or chaos, autonomy, redundancy and variety of requirements – the process of learning is based on a constructivist nature, the only one capable to generate new learning solutions. The organizational values are beliefs that guide the organizations behavior and constitute motivational goals. This work had as aim to identify the relationship between organizational values and the creation of knowledge. The descriptive exploratory research used the quantitative method. The organizational values appeared in this study mainly associated to the knowledge creation aspects in the internal sphere of the organizations. The orientation towards the external environment appeared less related to the organizational values.

  11. The impact of grape skin bioactive functionality information on the acceptability of tea infusions made from wine by-products.

    Cheng, Vern Jou; Bekhit, Alaa El-Din A; Sedcole, Richard; Hamid, Nazimah

    2010-05-01

    The effect of information on the health benefits of bio-active compounds on the acceptability of 5 tea infusions made from grape skins generated from wine processing waste (from Vitis vinifera var. Pinot Noir and Pinot Gris) was investigated. Samples of tea infusions with natural additives (PNHGT25 and PGGT50) and without additives (control PN, control PG, and PNPG50) were evaluated by 45 in-home consumer panels (30 female, 15 male) before and after information on the health benefits of grape skins were provided. Information significantly increased the overall acceptability, overall aroma, flavor, and aftertaste of the infusions. The results obtained showed a clear tendency toward increased purchase intention (by 29%) when information on the health benefits of the tea infusion samples was provided to consumers. Interactions existed between gender/infusion samples and stage of information on the purchase intention. Females recorded a significant increase (by 53%) in purchase intention, whereas no change in the males' purchase intention was found after information was provided. PMID:20546418

  12. The announcement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Slovak Republic on acceptance the Convention on environmental impact assessment in the transboundary context

    The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Slovak Republic amends that in 25 February 1991 in Espoo was accepted the Convention on environmental impact assessment in the transboundary context. This Convention shall into effect for the Slovak Republic on 17 February 2000. The nuclear power stations and other nuclear reactors (except research installations (except research installations for the production and conversion of fissionable and fertile materials, whose maximum power does not exceed 1 kilowatt continuous thermal load) as well as installations solely designed for the production or enrichment of nuclear fuels, for the reprocessing of irradiated nuclear fuels or for the storage, disposal and processing of radioactive wastes are included into the Convention

  13. The Components of the Organizational Culture

    Cornelia Elena TUREAC

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Knowing that the organizational culture functions constitute the base of notification and capitalization of the major importance, which ishaving for every company, regardless the domain of activity, dimension, economic potential or belonging to a certain national culture. Theimportance of the organizational culture is consisting of its functions, the importance is manifesting trough some concrete elements the companylevel and not only. The organizational culture is allowing the identification and the description of some numerous situations and real facts, of humannature from the company’s life, with major implications over the development and the activity results, that weren’t taken into consideration in themanagerial classic leading. This explains why the elements referring to the organizational culture were accepted very fast by numerous companies’managers from the developed countries.

  14. Job insecurity and organizational consequences: How justice moderates this relationship

    Piccoli, Beatrice

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The experience of job insecurity has been related to several organizational outcomes, both immediate and long-term. However, since the strength of these effects have been found to vary across studies, it is essential to identify factors that could influence the relationships. The current study examines interaction effects between job insecurity and organizational justice (distributive, procedural and interactional for various organizational consequences (affective organizational commitment, citizenship behaviours and perceived performance, some of which have received little research attention. Data from 248 blue collar workers in the Italian organizational context showed the buffer effects of procedural and interactional justice on affective organizational commitment and citizenship behaviours. However, contrary to expectations, the results also indicated that high organizational justice exacerbated the negative impact of job insecurity on perceived performance. Implications for research on job insecurity and the moderating role of organizational justice are discussed.

  15. Organizational improvement using Organizational paradigms with the support of people paradigms

    Md. Shariful Alam

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available An organization is a vital part of social environment. Different parts of organization have great impact to the environment. On the other hand the different organizational strategy helps to improve the efficiency of organization and customer satisfaction. The people and tools of organization help to organization to work properly. This paper mainly describes about the organizational paradigms and people paradigms also the way how the people paradigms facilitate the organizational paradigms to improve the organizational architecture for better performance. This paper describes the different aspects of organizational like Information system strategy, Information system planning, Business process reengineering etc also End user computing, Knowledge management, Expert system of people paradigms.And finally there is a combination between those. Keywords: Business process reengineering, Customer satisfaction, end used computing, In Information System Strategy, knowledge management, Organizational improvement.

  16. Relationship between Primary School Teachers' Perceived Social Support and Organizational Trust Level

    Tasdan, Murat; Yalcin, Tugba

    2010-01-01

    Perceived social support and organizational trust have gained importance in organizational life along with the human relationship among organizations. While social support concept has been accepted as the support obtained from individual's surroundings, organizational trust is defined as the result of consistent behaviors based on mutual respect…

  17. The Impact of Total Quality Management Practices towards Competitive Advantage and Organizational Performance: Case of Fishery Industry in South Sulawesi Province of Indonesia

    Musran Munizu

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This study attempt to test the effect of Total Quality Management (TQM practices towards competitive advantage and organizational performance. The design of this research has quantitative approach. Data was collected by questionnaire instrument. The unit of analysis is big and medium scale fishery companies. The respondents in this research are the managers of fishery companies. The study utilized primary data which is obtained through questionnaire. The number of population was 66 fishery companies in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. Random sampling is used in the study. 55 complete questionnaires were returned as a final sample. Three hypotheses have been developed through literature review and tested using Path Analysis performed by SPSS 18.00 software. The results show that TQM practices have positive and significant effect both on organizational performance and competitive advantage. Competitive advantage has a positive and significant effect on organizational performance. Organizational performance is more influenced by competitive advantage than TQM practices.

  18. Impact of Work Environment, Salary Package and Employees’ Perception on Organizational Commitment: A study of Small & Medium Enterprises (SMEs) of Pakistan

    Jawad Akhtar

    2014-01-01

    The chief purpose of this research paper is to investigate how factors like (1) work environment; (2) salary Package and (3) Employees’ perception have an effect on the employees’ organizational commitment in the Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) of Pakistan.

  19. The Impact of Organizational Factors and Government Policy on Psychiatric Nurses' Family-Focused Practice With Parents Who Have Mental Illness, Their Dependent Children, and Families in Ireland.

    Grant, Anne; Reupert, Andrea

    2016-05-01

    Government policy and organizational factors influence family-focused practice (FFP) in adult mental health services. However, how these aspects shape psychiatric nurses' practice with parents who have mental illness, their dependent children, and families is less well understood. Drawing on the findings of a qualitative study, this article explores the way in which Irish policy and organizational factors might influence psychiatric nurses' FFP, and whether (and how) FFP might be further promoted. A purposive sample of 14 psychiatric nurses from eight mental health services completed semi-structured interviews. The analysis was inductive and presented as thematic networks. Both groups described how policies and organizational culture enabled and/or hindered FFP, with differences between community and acute participants seen. This study indicates a need for policies and organizational supports, including child and family skills training, to promote a whole family approach in adult mental health services. PMID:27090512

  20. An empirical study on the relationship between effective organizational communication and the performance of central office staff

    Abbas Monavvarian

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Inter-organizational communication plays an important role in promoting strategic collaboration among firms. It can improve productivity and increases collaboration among employees. In this paper, we present an empirical study to measure the role of inter-organizational communication on efficiency among administration employees who work for one the oldest banks in Iran, Bank Melli Iran. The study uses 380 full time employees who work for 28 different administration divisions of this bank. The survey uses a questionnaire consists of 19 questions about inter-organizational communication and 25 questions about efficiency of employees. The reliability of the survey has been approved using an initial survey and Cronbach alpha was calculated as 0.87, which is well above the minimum acceptable level. The result of our survey confirms there is a meaningful relationship between inter-organizational communication and efficiency of all administration employees who work for this bank. There is also a meaningful relationship between age and efficiency and the maximum efficiency belongs to people aged 31 to 40. According to our survey, men have more inter-organizational efficiency than women do. The result of our survey also confirms that positivism impacts more than other factors on efficiency. Among five effective factors, empathy has the most impact and responsiveness 6 efficiency dimensions.

  1. The impact of a Paternalistic Style of Management and Delegation of Authority on Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment in Chile and the US

    Leonardo Liberman

    2014-01-01

    Although the use of a paternalistic style of management is widespread in the nonWestern context, it has only recently received attention from Western scholars. In this study, we compare the presence of a paternalistic style of management and delegation practices across two culturally different organizational contexts, namely Chile and the US. We also examine the effects of these management practices on job satisfaction and organizational commitment in both contexts. Results suggest that...

  2. The Relationship between Organizational Justice and Organizational Citizenship Behavior

    Mehrdad G. Chegini

    2009-01-01

    Problem statement: Organizational justice and its relationship with citizenship behavior is one of the basic and important subjects of successful organizations. In this competitive world, making a sense of organizational justice in staff, increases functional ability and organizational citizenship behavior. Approach: This research includes 5 hypotheses which evaluate the relationship between organizational justice dimensions and organizational citizenship behavior. Organizational justice dime...

  3. Approaches to Teaching Organizational Communication.

    Applebaum, Ronald L.

    1998-01-01

    Discusses fundamental problems in selecting an approach to organizational communications; the purpose of an organizational communication course; the structure and content of organizational communication coursework; and teaching strategies used in the basic course in organizational communication. (RS)

  4. Patterns of Organizational Conflict

    Corwin, Ronald G.

    1969-01-01

    Patterns of relationships were identified between indices of organizational conflict and several measures of each of five organizational variables. The measures were adapted from 1500 questionnaires and 600 interviews in 28 public high schools. (Author)

  5. Organizational Behaviour in Construction

    Kreiner, Kristian

    2013-01-01

    Review of: Organizational Behaviour in Construction / Anthony Walker (Wiley-Blackwell,2011 336 pp)......Review of: Organizational Behaviour in Construction / Anthony Walker (Wiley-Blackwell,2011 336 pp)...

  6. Organizational learning in the theory of organizational change

    Janićijević Nebojša

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The concept of organizational learning has been presented and placed within the referential frame of the organizational change theory. It appears that organizational changes shows to be a wider concept than organizational learning, since every learning includes change, but every change does not necessarily include learning. Organizational learning presents a particular type of organizational change, one which comprises creation and utilization of knowledge, includes changes of both cognitive structures and behaviors of organizational members, and necessarily is normative by its nature. The referential frame of the theory of organizational change is based on the classification of organizational changes and put together all theories into four perspectives: organizational development, organizational transformation, organizational adaptation and process perspective. It can be concluded that the concept of organizational learning is eclectic one, since it includes all types of organizational changes and encompasses all mentioned perspectives of organizational changes. .

  7. Impact of Dialectical Behavior Therapy versus Community Treatment by Experts on Emotional Experience, Expression, and Acceptance in Borderline Personality Disorder

    Neacsiu, Andrada D.; Lungu, Anita; Harned, Melanie S.; Rizvi, Shireen L.; Linehan, Marsha M.

    2014-01-01

    Evidence suggests that heightened negative affectivity is a prominent feature of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) that often leads to maladaptive behaviors. Nevertheless, there is little research examining treatment effects on the experience and expression of specific negative emotions. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is an effective treatment for BPD, hypothesized to reduce negative affectivity (Linehan, 1993a). The present study analyzes secondary data from a randomized controlled trial with the aim to assess the unique effectiveness of DBT when compared to Community Treatment by Experts (CTBE) in changing the experience, expression, and acceptance of negative emotions. Suicidal and/or self-injuring women with BPD (n = 101) were randomly assigned to DBT or CTBE for one year of treatment and one year of follow-up. Several indices of emotional experience and expression were assessed. Results indicate that DBT decreased experiential avoidance and expressed anger significantly more than CTBE. No differences between DBT and CTBE were found in improving guilt, shame, anxiety, or anger suppression, trait, and control. These results suggest that DBT has unique effects on improving the expression of anger and experiential avoidance, whereas changes in the experience of specific negative emotions may be accounted for by general factors associated with expert therapy. Implications of the findings are discussed. PMID:24418652

  8. The impact of financial leverage sharp increase on earnings management on the accepted firms in Tehran Stock Exchange

    Hosein Aryaei Nejad

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the current study is to see the changes in the amount of benefit management regarding the firms whose liabilities increase to a large extent. The managers of these kinds of firms normally have more motivations to satisfy credit providers through profit management. But it seems that auditors and financial providers' more attention to these firms' leads to having more regular managers and decreasing profit management performance. The tested sample includes 136 firms among the accepted ones in Iran Stock Exchange considering a period of eight years from the beginning of 2000 to the end of 2007. In order to estimate the rate of profit management performance by the use of Jones adjusted model, the optional committed items were calculated. The hypotheses were tested via regression method. The results demonstrated that the increase of most liabilities causes the decrease of profit management performance. In fact, liability makes managers have less access to free cash flows in order to pay the liability and its interest; therefore, they cannot take advantage of the opportunities such as non-optimization investment, extra cost tolerance and earning waste. In other words, the more the liabilities increase, the more regular the managers perform.

  9. Management of organizational development

    Doroshuk, H. A.

    2014-01-01

    The possibility of using the organizational development management as the basis for implementing innovations within the framework of proactive management at the enterprise is justified. The subject and the object of the organizational development management are determined. Approaches to the organizational development management are analysed; the complex approach is selected. The subsystems of the organizational development management system are described. The basic principles of the organi...

  10. Organizational culture & employee behavior

    Li, Tianya

    2015-01-01

    Organizations are among the key units of the society. During their establishment and development, a specific kind of organizational culture eventually appears. The purpose of organizational culture is to improve solidarity and cohesion, and to stimulate employees' enthusiasm and creativity to improve the organization’s economic efficiency. In addition, organizational culture greatly influences employee behavior. The aim of this study is to find out how organizational culture affects employ...

  11. Organizational culture modeling

    Valentina Mihaela GHINEA; Constantin BRĂTIANU

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present a conceptual analysis of organizational culture modeling in the framework of system dynamics. Tom Peters and Robert Waterman demonstrated through their seminal research that organizational culture constitutes one of the most important key success factors in any company trying to achieve excellence in its business. Organizational culture is a strong nonlinear integrator of the organizational intellectual capital acting especially on the emotional knowled...

  12. Culture and Organizational Learning

    Cook, N.; Yanow, D.

    2011-01-01

    Traditionally, theories of organizational learning have taken one of two approaches that share a common characterization of learning but differ in focus. One approach focuses on learning by individuals in organizational contexts; the other, on individual learning as a model for organizational action

  13. 组织学习在信息技术应用中的作用分析%The Impact of Organizational Learning on Information Technology Applications

    梁强; 林丹明; 曾楚宏

    2011-01-01

    Based on the resources-based view, this study explores the role of organizational learning (OL) in mediating and moderating the relationship between information technology (IT) and firm performance based upon data collected from 238 firms in Guangdong Province. Through a structural equation model and hierarchical regression analysis, we find that OL capability partially mediates the performance impact of IT resources. Furthermore, OL capability affects the strength of the IT-performance relationship. Theoretical contributions and managerial implications are discussed, and limitations of the study are highlighted accordingly.%基于资源基础观,传统的研究将企业信息技术视为战略性资源,在投入产出分析范式的基础上探讨其应用效率问题.本文在现有研究的基础上分析组织能力因素对信息技术资源价值实现过程的影响机制,探讨组织学习能力对信息技术资源与组织绩效之间关系的中介作用和调节作用.根据238家企业的调查数据,进行了结构方程模型和层级回归分析,结果表明:组织学习能力对信息技术资源和组织绩效之间的关系既发挥部分中介作用,也发挥正向调节作用.因此,组织学习能力有助于实现并提升IT资源的商业价值.本文的分析补充了现有研究成果,对于企业管理实践也有参考价值.

  14. Les impacts humains des changements organisationnels autour des TIC Human impacts of organizational changes based on ITC Impactos humanos de los cambios organizacionales en torno a los TIC

    Robert Picard

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available La taille des systèmes mis en place dans les grandes organisations, leur caractère exogène par rapport aux pratiques de l’entreprise (progiciels de gestion intégrés, posent des défis relativement nouveaux, difficiles à relever pour les acteurs. En effet, les métiers des informaticiens comme ceux des utilisateurs en sont le plus souvent profondément affectés.Les informaticiens doivent réviser leur mode d’action, révision qui s’accompagne d’une moindre autonomie, d’exigences de coopération plus élevées, et d’une multidisciplinarité à laquelle ils n’ont pas nécessairement été préparés.Les professionnels utilisateurs peuvent perdre des repères professionnels historiques, changement accompagné d’une révision des pratiques, de la modification des structures et de l’environnement de travail. Ils doivent parfois acquérir de nouvelles qualifications, de façon coûteuse, et certains peuvent perdre leur travail.Ces problématiques seront illustrées par deux situations concrètes très récentes, observées dans un grand groupe de service, pour chacune des populations.Many organizational changes are related to (or initiated by the introduction of information and communication technology (ICT tools.The size of the systems implemented in large organizations, their external nature vis-à-vis the company’s practices (Enterprise Resource Planning are rather new challenges, which are difficult for the actors to tackle. In fact, the jobs of data processing people as well as of professional users are often the most affected.Data processing people must revise their way of doing things, a change that is accompanied by a loss of autonomy and greater demands for cooperation and multidisciplinarity that they are not necessarily prepared for.Professional users may lose some historical guidelines, a change that is accompanied by a review of their practices, organizational changes, and changes in the work environment. They

  15. Designing a Model of Organizational Agility: A Case Study of Ardabil Gas Company

    Behrooz Razmi; Hossein Mohammad Ghasemi

    2015-01-01

    Organizational agility means the ability of every organization in sensation, perception, and prediction of available changes in the business environment. The importance of organizational agility in a competitive environment is nowadays widely recognized and accepted. The aim of this research was to design a unified theoretical model of organizational agility for Ardabil Gas Company based upon the theoretical principles of organizational agility proposed by Goldman (1995). Independent variable...

  16. Organizational processes and nuclear power plant safety

    The paper describes the effects organizational factors have on the risk associated with the operation of nuclear power plants. The described research project addresses three methods for identifying the organizational factors that impact safety. The first method consists of an elaborate theory-based protocol dealing with decision making procedures, interdepartmental coordination of activities, and communications. The second, known as goals/means/measures protocol, deals with identifying safey related goals. The third method is known as behaviorally anchored rating scale development. The paper discusses the importance of the convergence of these three methods to identify organizational factors essential to reactor safety

  17. Organizational Remembering as Narrative

    Musacchio Adorisio, Anna Linda

    2014-01-01

    This article focuses on organizational remembering in banking. To provide an alternative to the repository image of memory in organization, organizational remembering is conceptualized as narrative, where narrative represents a way to organize the selection and interpretation of the past. The...... narrative perspective deals with both the experiential and contextual nature of remembering by addressing concerns raised by critiques of organizational memory studies, namely, the subjective experience of remembering and the social and historical context in which remembering takes place. Antenarrative and...... narrative perspective reveals ruptures and ambiguities that characterize organizational remembering that would remain hidden in the organizational memory studies approach....

  18. Organizational Business Interest as Organizational Request

    Nasser Fegh-hi Farahmand

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Making a difference in organization or creating the very best product or service on themarket or simply doing something loves to do. Furthermore, it seems that the emphasis onorganizational empowerment as structure, and systems has not yielded the desired results assome of the companies where these variables have been changed, after sometime, wentback to experiencing declining performance. It is therefore obvious that more researchneeds to be done to identify characteristics that enhance organizational performance.Implementing good environmental and organizational practices is good organizationalbusiness it can give a competitive advantage. This article attempts to explain theorganizational business interest by patterns of thinking. Organizations use organizationalresources as the basic ingredient for all that is required for their operations. They aretherefore eager to maintain and improve the quantity of expendable organizationalresources by not only resources utilization, but by also identifying, nurturing andmaintaining characteristics that promote organizational performance. The key toorganization success is having a organizational business interest in place. Whetherorganization is about to launch a start-up or organization have been in organizationalbusiness for years, organizational business' direction is guided by your organizationalbusiness interest. In spite of this general awareness, such long-term organizational business,strategic-level interest of organizational business has been lacking in most organizations.

  19. A Research on The Effect of Organizational Safety Climate Upon The Safe Behaviors

    2009-01-01

    This study aims to investigate the relationship between the organizational safety climate and the safety behaviors of the employees. It is been accepted by many researchers that unsafe employee behavior at work place is one of the primary determinants of occupational accidents. More recently researchers suggest that safe/unsafe behaviors of the employees are affected by certain organizational factors. Recent studies accept organizational safety climate as one these factors that affects safe/u...

  20. Performance of 4 mm impact sprinklers at different spacing within acceptable pressure range (250-350 kPa

    SOROPA GABRIEL,

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Single leg tests were conducted to determine performance and cost effectiveness of different spacing combinations that can be used in 4 mm impact sprinkler irrigation systems design operating at 250-350kPa. Four sprinklers were tested for coefficient of uniformity (CU, distribution uniformity (DU and wetted diameter at three different pressure points. Results obtained for CU and DU showed that imported sprinklers had significantly higher water application uniformities than locally made sprinklers at 250-350 kPa pressure range. Sprinkler spacings of 12 m x 18 m and 15 m x 15 m passed the layout tests and can be used in Zimbabwe under moderate wind conditions at 300 kPa, using preferably imported sprinklers for best water application uniformity. Therefore 15 m x 15 m sprinkler spacing which covers alarger area can replace 12 m x 18 m layout in spraylines design without compromising water application uniformity.

  1. Impact of nuclear information on the public acceptance. Case study for young people in Cernavoda and Pitesti towns

    The general objective of this work was to investigate the impact of nuclear information on young people's knowledge and attitudes by using different Methods/Participatory Tools in an Educational Programme. The investigation started with a baseline survey of six groups of youngsters, three each from Pitesti and Cernavoda, which was completed early in 2005. After analysing the results an Educational Programme was proposed and developed following the FP6- COWAM2 Annual Seminar at Ljubljana. The Programme was produced by November 2005 and three methods were selected: classical methods usually used for school teaching, the discovery method, and a method involving simulation of a Local Committee. Three groups from Pitesti and four from Cernavoda attended the Programme, which was followed by a new questionnaire-based measurement (May 2006). (authors)

  2. The impact of a Paternalistic Style of Management and Delegation of Authority on Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment in Chile and the US

    Leonardo Liberman

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Although the use of a paternalistic style of management is widespread in the nonWestern context, it has only recently received attention from Western scholars. In this study, we compare the presence of a paternalistic style of management and delegation practices across two culturally different organizational contexts, namely Chile and the US. We also examine the effects of these management practices on job satisfaction and organizational commitment in both contexts. Results suggest that delegation of authority was more common in the US than in Chile, whereas paternalism was higher in Chile than in the US. Furthermore, delegation and paternalism were positively related to job satisfaction and organizational commitment in both countries. Unexpectedly, delegation had a stronger effect on job satisfaction and organizational commitment than a paternalistic style of management in the Chilean context, whereas the opposite was found in the US sample. Moreover, the effect of a paternalistic management style on both job satisfaction and organizational commitment seemed to be fully mediated by delegation in Chile. We discuss both the theoretical and practical implications of these findings.

  3. Pathological Approach to Human Resource Management: Strategic Approach to Maintenance Human Resource and Organizational Commitment

    Akram Ahmadnia Chenijani; Nour Mohammad Yaghoubi

    2013-01-01

    The aim of the present study is the pathological status of strategic approach to maintenance human resource and organizational commitment with checking the status of mediator variables impact on organizational commitment among organizational support, organizational justice, organizational culture and needs of Excellence. The research type is descriptive. In order to realize this, Zahedan Municipal employees, up to 2032 were considered as a statistical population, so Morgan table has been...

  4. A study on the influence of organizational climate on motivation of employees

    Sibel Gök

    2009-01-01

    The relation between organizational climate and organizational efficiency is frequently pointed out in recent management and labour psychology studies. Organizational climate has positive or negative impacts on performance, job satisfaction, and motivation of employees. In this study, which consists of two parts, the relation between organizational climate and work motivation is examined. The first part of the study contains theoretical framework with regard to the organizational climate an...

  5. A study on the influence of organizational climate on motivation of employees

    Gök, Sibel

    2009-01-01

    The relation between organizational climate and organizational efficiency is frequently pointed out in recent management and labour psychology studies. Organizational climate has positive or negative impacts on performance, job satisfaction, and motivation of employees. In this study, which consists of two parts, the relation between organizational climate and work motivation is examined. The first part of the study contains theoretical framework with regard to the organizational climate and ...

  6. Organizational Culture of Mars Czech Republic

    Zápotocká, Zuzana

    2009-01-01

    The topic corporate culture in the context of international company is the main subject of this thesis. The theoretical part introduces and describes the concept of culture and national culture, together with the cultural standards and dimensions. The study also defines organizational culture and its elements, strong organizational culture and subculture. Finally, I analyze the impact of the national specifics of the formation of the corporate culture. To demonstrate the theoretical bases in ...

  7. ORGANIZATIONAL CHANGE IN KNOWLEDGE-BASED FIRM

    Vladimir-Codrin IONESCU; Viorel CORNESCU

    2011-01-01

    For sustainable competitive advantages gain, modern organizations, knowledge-based, must promote a proactive and flexible management, permanently connected to change which occur in business environment. Contextually, the paper analyses impact factors of the environment which could determine a firm to initiate a programme strategic organizational change. Likewise, the paper identifies the main organizational variables involved in a changing process and emphasizes the essential role which manag...

  8. Relationship Between Leadership Styles and Organizational Creativity

    Katarzyna Bratnicka

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Empirical research on entrepreneurship in organizations has brought disparate and often contradictory evidence related to the impact of leadership on creativity in organizations. The purpose of this paper is to explore and discuss the impact of different leadership styles on creativity, with the view to formulating an integrated conceptual model that links creative novelty and creative practicality with leadership. Methodology: The author applied the methodology of meta-theoretical review. In accordance with the principles of theoretical bricolage, a new conceptual model was built on the basis of the multidimensional creativity theory and the leadership theory. In her analysis, the author took into account leadership styles that have already been subject to research; each of them was mapped in the two-dimensional space of organizational creativity. Findings: In order to fully understand the reasons for differences in organizational creativity, the drivers of divergences in the space of creative novelty and creative practicality need to be clarified. Greater knowledge about the impact of leadership styles on the structure and configuration of organizational creativity is necessary. In this paper, the author provides a theoretical framework that illustrates manners in which leadership influences organizational creativity. The model clarifies the role that leadership plays in shaping a unique configuration of organizational creativity, and consequently in ensuring the necessary internal adaptation of an organization. Originality: The value of this research lies in the situational interpretation of various leadership styles in the context of their impact on organizational creativity. The analysis goes beyond the conventional discussion about leadership and creativity, focused on establishing whether a given leadership style proves beneficial or not for organizational creativity. The paper identifies particular effects that several key

  9. Organizational determinants of wage moderation

    Baccaro, Lucio; Simoni, Marco

    2010-01-01

    This article contributes to the political economic literature regarding the effects of industrial relations institutions on national economic outcomes. Based on an econometric analysis of the determinants of wage moderation in sixteen industrialized countries between 1974 and 2000, it argues that the organizational characteristics of trade unions have a significant impact on wage dynamics. Controlling for a number of institutional and economic factors, the countries in which trade union confe...

  10. Does organizational climate impact upon burnout in staff who work with people with intellectual disabilities? A systematic review of the literature.

    Thompson, Lauren; Rose, John

    2011-09-01

    Staff stress and burnout is a prominent area of research in relation to services for people with intellectual disabilities. The aim of this article is to review the literature in relation to organizational climate in order to investigate whether there is a relationship between organizational variables and staff burnout. A systematic literature search yielded 21 articles which fell into two categories. Earlier studies tended to focus on deinstitutionalization, whereas later studies appeared to be influenced by work-stress theories, including 'person-environment fit' and demand control. Overall, it was found that an organizational climate that has a better 'person-environment' fit promotes greater job satisfaction and reduced burnout. Future research could focus upon the social or therapeutic aspects of the environment within services for people with intellectual disabilities to address an area of research which appears to have been overlooked. PMID:22123677

  11. DWPF COAL-CARBON WASTE ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA LIMIT EVALUATION BASED ON EXPERIMENTAL WORK (TANK 48 IMPACT STUDY)

    Lambert, D.; Choi, A.

    2010-10-15

    This report summarizes the results of both experimental and modeling studies performed using Sludge Batch 10 (SB10) simulants and FBSR product from Tank 48 simulant testing in order to develop higher levels of coal-carbon that can be managed by DWPF. Once the Fluidized Bed Steam Reforming (FBSR) process starts up for treatment of Tank 48 legacy waste, the FBSR product stream will contribute higher levels of coal-carbon in the sludge batch for processing at DWPF. Coal-carbon is added into the FBSR process as a reductant and some of it will be present in the FBSR product as unreacted coal. The FBSR product will be slurried in water, transferred to Tank Farm and will be combined with sludge and washed to produce the sludge batch that DWPF will process. The FBSR product is high in both water soluble sodium carbonate and unreacted coal-carbon. Most of the sodium carbonate is removed during washing but all of the coal-carbon will remain and become part of the DWPF sludge batch. A paper study was performed earlier to assess the impact of FBSR coal-carbon on the DWPF Chemical Processing Cell (CPC) operation and melter off-gas flammability by combining it with SB10-SB13. The results of the paper study are documented in Ref. 7 and the key findings included that SB10 would be the most difficult batch to process with the FBSR coal present and up to 5,000 mg/kg of coal-carbon could be fed to the melter without exceeding the off-gas flammability safety basis limits. In the present study, a bench-scale demonstration of the DWPF CPC processing was performed using SB10 simulants spiked with varying amounts of coal, and the resulting seven CPC products were fed to the DWPF melter cold cap and off-gas dynamics models to determine the maximum coal that can be processed through the melter without exceeding the off-gas flammability safety basis limits. Based on the results of these experimental and modeling studies, the presence of coal-carbon in the sludge feed to DWPF is found to have

  12. Human and organizational factors in nuclear safety; Factores humanos y organizativos en la seguridad nuclear

    Garcia, A.; Barrientos, M.; Gil, B.

    2015-07-01

    Nuclear installations are socio technical systems where human and organizational factors, in both utilities and regulators, have a significant impact on safety. Three Mile Island (TMI) accident, original of several initiatives in the human factors field, nevertheless became a lost opportunity to timely acquire lessons related to the upper tiers of the system. Nowadays, Spanish nuclear installations have integrated in their processes specialists and activities in human and organizational factors, promoted by the licensees After many years of hard work, Spanish installations have achieved a better position to face new challenges, such as those posed by Fukushima. With this experience, only technology-centered action plan would not be acceptable, turning this accident in yet another lost opportunity. (Author)

  13. Organizational Values and Innovative Organizational Knowledge Creation

    Lilian Aparecida Pasquini Miguel; Maria Luisa Mendes Teixeira

    2009-01-01

    Innovation is a source of competitive advantage and is based on the continuous creation of organizational knowledge, which is supported by the individual learning. The individual learning of traditional / comportamentalist and constructivist nature can be understood, by extension, as organizational learning. The knowledge can be innovative if, along with the enabling conditions that characterize it - intention, fluctuation or chaos, autonomy, redundancy and variety of requirements – the proce...

  14. Predicting Organizational Commitment from Organizational Culture in Turkish Primary Schools

    Ipek, Cemalettin

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to describe organizational culture and commitment and to predict organizational commitment from organizational culture in Turkish primary schools. Organizational Culture Scale (Ipek "1999") and Organizational Commitment Scale (Balay "2000") were used in the data gathering process. The data were collected from 415 primary teachers…

  15. Elements of Terrorism Preparedness in Local Police Agencies, 2003-2007: Impact of Vulnerability, Organizational Characteristics, and Contagion in the Post-9/11 Era

    Roberts, Aki; Roberts, John M., Jr.; Liedka, Raymond V.

    2012-01-01

    Different elements of local police agencies' terrorism preparedness may be associated with different organizational/environmental variables. We use 2003-2007 data (showing considerable adoption and desistance of practices) on medium-to-large-sized local agencies to examine relationships between contingency (vulnerability, organizational…

  16. Using Corporate Tools for Organizational Development to Affect Cultural and Structural Change in the Academy: Gallup Impact Planning at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln

    Latta, Gail F.

    2006-01-01

    External pressures have transformed academic life, shattering the roles and relationships that created a sense of community. Increasingly the challenges of fostering an engaged workforce in these institutions mirror the corporate world. Leaders at UNL have adapted Gallup's organizational development strategy to improve faculty engagement and…

  17. A Study of the Impact of Organizational Social Capital on the Improvement of Knowledge Management in Yazd\\\\\\'s Welfare Organization

    Gholamreza Bordbar

    2014-01-01

    In general and with respect to these findings, it is concluded that social organizations should try to promote their social capital for an effective management of organizational knowledge. They can invest in social capital by means of effective communicational training programs, and cultivating a proper climate in the relationships of managers and employees so they can become learning and creative organizations.

  18. Organizational Communication and Media

    Tække, Jesper

    2008-01-01

     The paper reflects an interest in the relation between organizational communication and media. It tries to answer the question, how we can observe the relationship between organizational communication and media. It is a work-in-progress which tries to combine organizational studies inspired of Niklas Luhmann (Tække & Paulsen 2008, Tække 2008a) with analysis of how organizations communicate in and about media. Using systems theory and form theory, it puts forward a theoretical framework a...

  19. Cynicism in organizational change

    Blanca S. GRAMA

    2013-01-01

    The dynamic features of the labor market outline the perfect background in which organization are constantly dealing with the necessity to implement change in strategy, structure, processes or culture. On this background the factors that can damage the process of organizational change receive more and more attention. Cynicism in organizational change is a possible source of resistance which starts to capture researchers interests. Organizational cynicism research represents a new subject in t...

  20. Managing organizational change in nuclear organizations

    It is widely recognized that engineering changes, if not properly considered and controlled, can have potentially major safety implications; however, organizational changes can also have potentially major safety implications. This publication is intended to assist the management of nuclear organizations in identifying, planning and implementing organizational change. The driving force for the change may be internal or external. Based on the assumption that any change made within a facility applying nuclear technology has the potential to impact safety and effectiveness, the publication provides a description of the basic principles for managing and implementing the organizational change effectively while remaining focused on safe and reliable operation. The guidance contained in the publication is relevant to all organizational changes within nuclear organizations

  1. EMPIRICAL INVESTIGATION OF INDICATORS OF ORGANIZATIONAL LEARNING: EVIDENCE FROM WATER AND POWER DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY (WAPDA) PAKISTAN

    Yasin Munir; Prof. Dr. Muhammad Ehsan Malik; Sara Ahmad; Saba Saleem; Zunaira Akbar

    2013-01-01

    Organizations learn from experience, knowledge sharing and organizational change. Knowledge sharing and organizational change have great impact on organizational learning. Knowledge sharing brings learning at individual level. At global level it is observed that change occur rapidly and knowledge sharing process is fast. The objective of this research is to find out the impact of organizational change and knowledge sharing in learning organization and this research is to determine the signifi...

  2. Pengaruh Religiusitas Terhadap Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) Pada Guru Muslim

    Prabowo, Arief Tri

    2015-01-01

    Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) can be increased if those teachers have high rate of religiosity. This study aims to determine the impact of religiosity toward Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB). The subject was Moeslem teacher who teach at Islamic school and have length of service at least 2 years. The subject were 168 teacher and took by purposive sampling. Data were collected through by Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) scale based on the theory from Organ, Padzako...

  3. Investigating the effects of organizational culture on brand promise

    Hamed Abbasi; Hamid Reza Abbasi; Ashkan Faraji; Mahsan Hajirasouliha

    2014-01-01

    This paper studies the impacts of four components of organizational culture on brand promise in one of Iranian producer of detergent and sanitary products. The proposed study uses two questionnaires, one for measuring the effects of organizational culture and the other for brand promise in Likert scale. Cronbach alphas for organizational culture and brand promise are calculated as 0.83 and 0.91, respectively. The study has been implemented among 211 regular customers of producer of detergent ...

  4. Organizational Diversity Climate: Review of Models and Measurement

    Goyal, Saumya; Shrivastava, Dr.Sangya

    2013-01-01

    As organizational climate represents the culture of an organization, similarly diversity climate represents the culture of diversity and inclusion of an organization. Every best practice in diversity management and diversity initiatives and programs are essentially implemented in order to improve the overall organizational diversity climate. Various models exist in literature which illustrates how diversity climate of a company impacts various employee and organizational measures. Over the ye...

  5. Impact of service provision platforms on maternal and newborn health in conflict areas and their acceptability in Pakistan: a systematic review.

    Lassi, Zohra S; Aftab, Wafa; Ariff, Shabina; Kumar, Rohail; Hussain, Imtiaz; Musavi, Nabiha B; Memon, Zahid; Soofi, Sajid B; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A

    2015-01-01

    Various models and strategies have been implemented over the years in different parts of the world to improve maternal and newborn health (MNH) in conflict affected areas. These strategies are based on specific needs and acceptability of local communities. This paper has undertaken a systematic review of global and local (Pakistan) information from conflict areas on platforms of health service provision in the last 10 years and information on acceptability from local stakeholders on effective models of service delivery; and drafted key recommendations for improving coverage of health services in conflict affected areas. The literature search revealed ten studies that described MNH service delivery platforms. The results from the systematic review showed that with utilisation of community outreach services, the greatest impacts were observed in skilled birth attendance and antenatal consultation rates. Facility level services, on the other hand, showed that labour room services for an internally displaced population (IDP) improved antenatal care coverage, contraceptive prevalence rate and maternal mortality. Consultative meetings and discussions conducted in Quetta and Peshawar (capitals of conflict affected provinces) with relevant stakeholders revealed that no systematic models of MNH service delivery, especially tailored for conflict areas, are available. During conflict, even previously available services and infrastructure suffered due to various barriers specific to times of conflict and unrest. A number of barriers that hinder MNH services were discussed. Suggestions for improving MNH services in conflict areas were also laid down by participants. The review identified some important steps that can be undertaken to mitigate the effects of conflict on MNH services, which include: improve provision and access to infrastructure and equipment; development and training of healthcare providers; and advocacy at different levels for free access to healthcare

  6. Designing a Model of Organizational Agility: A Case Study of Ardabil Gas Company

    Behrooz Razmi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Organizational agility means the ability of every organization in sensation, perception, and prediction of available changes in the business environment. The importance of organizational agility in a competitive environment is nowadays widely recognized and accepted. The aim of this research was to design a unified theoretical model of organizational agility for Ardabil Gas Company based upon the theoretical principles of organizational agility proposed by Goldman (1995. Independent variables including organizational intelligence, organizational commitment, and organizational trust were considered as mediator variable and other four essential components of organizational agility such as forming of virtual participation valorize to humanistic knowledge and skills, change readiness, and customers answering were known as dependent variables of research. This is an applied, descriptive-correlation research, conducted by survey methodology. In this study, 568 employees, contractors, and subscribers of Ardabil Gas Company were chosen as the statistical population of the study. For the purpose of the study a questionnaire for data collection was used. Using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM, it is straightforward to test hypotheses of the equality of various correlation coefficients with any number of covariates across multiple groups. The gathered data was analyzed by using SPSS and LISREL software packages. The results of statistical analysis indicate that organizational trust has a significant positive relationship with organizational agility and organizational trust is the moderator of the relationship between technology intelligence and organizational agility and the relationship between organizational commitment and organizational agility.

  7. The acceptability, feasibility and impact of a lay health counsellor delivered health promoting schools programme in India: a case study evaluation

    Rajaraman Divya

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Studies in resource-limited settings have shown that there are constraints to the use of teachers, peers or health professionals to deliver school health promotion interventions. School health programmes delivered by trained lay health counsellors could offer a cost-effective alternative. This paper presents a case study of a multi-component school health promotion intervention in India that was delivered by lay school health counsellors, who possessed neither formal educational nor health provider qualifications. Methods The intervention was based on the WHO’s Health Promoting Schools framework, and included health screening camps; an anonymous letter box for student questions and complaints; classroom-based life skills training; and, individual psycho-social and academic counselling for students. The intervention was delivered by a lay school health counsellor who had attained a minimum of a high school education. The counsellor was trained over four weeks and received structured supervision from health professionals working for the implementing NGO. The evaluation design was a mixed methods case study. Quantitative process indicators were collected to assess the extent to which the programme was delivered as planned (feasibility, the uptake of services (acceptability, and the number of students who received corrective health treatment (evidence of impact. Semi-structured interviews were conducted over two years with 108 stakeholders, and were analysed to identify barriers and facilitators for the programme (feasibility, evaluate acceptability, and gather evidence of positive or negative effects of the programme. Results Feasibility was established by the high reported coverage of all the targeted activities by the school health counsellor. Acceptability was indicated by a growing number of submissions to the students’ anonymous letter-box; more students self-referring for counselling services over time; and, the

  8. Organizational learning in the theory of organizational change

    Janićijević Nebojša

    2006-01-01

    The concept of organizational learning has been presented and placed within the referential frame of the organizational change theory. It appears that organizational changes shows to be a wider concept than organizational learning, since every learning includes change, but every change does not necessarily include learning. Organizational learning presents a particular type of organizational change, one which comprises creation and utilization of knowledge, includes changes of both cognitive ...

  9. Organizational Cynicism and Its Consequences on Nurses and Quality of Care in Critical Care and Toxicology Units

    Aly, Nagah Abd El-Fattah Mohamed; Ghanem, Maha; El-Shanawany, Safaa

    2016-01-01

    For many decades, the attitude of nurses has been an area of interest for researchers. The major reason for this interest is the profound impact of nurse's attitude like organizational cynicism on many organizational outcomes. The present study is aimed to describe organizational cynicism, level of perceived organizational support, and the…

  10. Organizational Theory, Organizational Communication, Organizational Knowledge, and Problematic Integration.

    McPhee, Robert D.; Zaug, Pamela

    2001-01-01

    Argues that three traditions of theory about organizational communication have special relevance to the ideas of problematic integration theory. Indicates the implications of theoretic currents and notes that the main implication is that problematic integration looks very different in the context of a complex communication system. (SG)

  11. Antecedents of organizational engagement: exploring vision, mood and perceived organizational support with emotional intelligence as a moderator

    Mahon, Edward G.; Taylor, Scott N.; Boyatzis, Richard E.

    2014-01-01

    As organizational leaders worry about the appalling low percentage of people who feel engaged in their work, academics are trying to understand what causes an increase in engagement. We collected survey data from 231 team members from two organizations. We examined the impact of team members’ emotional intelligence (EI) and their perception of shared personal vision, shared positive mood, and perceived organizational support (POS) on the members’ degree of organizational engagement. We found ...

  12. A study on the effect of organizational learning on organizational performance with an emphasis on dynamic capacity

    Asal Ashtari; Jamshid Salehi-Sadaghiani

    2014-01-01

    The present study examines the effect of organizational learning culture on organizational performance by considering the role of dynamic capacity as a mediator in an Iranian bank named Refah Bank. The study uses a questionnaire, which was originally developed by Hung et al. (2010) [Hung, R. Y. Y., Yang, B., Lien, B. Y. H., McLean, G. N., & Kuo, Y. M. (2010). Dynamic capability: Impact of process alignment and organizational learning culture on performance. Journal of World Business, 45(3), 2...

  13. The Impact of Career Growth on Employee Engagement--- Based on the Mediating Role of Organizational Commitment%职业成长与员工敬业度--基于组织承诺的中介作用

    周霞; 余金明; 曹桂玲

    2015-01-01

    Based on the questionnaire among 400 employees of 21 companies in 7 cities, by applying hierarchical regression analysis to test the mediating role of organizational commitment in the process of professional growth affecting employee engagement. The empirical results show career growth and organizational commitment have significant positive impacts on employee engagement;organizational commitment plays a partial mediator impact, full mediation role, no mediating role on the dimension of “the speed of professional competence development”“the pace of career goal progress” and“the speed of promotion”“reward growth” of employee engagement.%通过对7个城市21家企业400名员工的问卷调查,利用分层回归分析检验、探究了组织承诺作为中介变量在职业成长影响员工敬业度过程中的作用。实证结果表明:职业成长和组织承诺均对员工敬业度有显著正向影响;组织承诺在职业成长的“职业能力发展速度”和“职业目标进展速度”两个维度对员工敬业度的影响中起部分中介作用,在“晋升速度”维度上具有完全中介作用,在“报酬增长速度”维度上无中介作用。

  14. THE IMPACT OF THE BUSINESS AND ORGANIZATIONAL SIZE OF A COMPANY ALONG WITH GRI AND CSR ADOPTION ON INTEGRATING SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING PRACTICES

    Tiron-Tudor Adriana

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper intends to investigate the correlation between the business and organizational size of companies as well as GRI and CSR practices adoption, and the level of sustainability disclosure. The correlation is highlighted through SPSS statistic analysis and determination of an econometric model between a dependent variable - sustainability information disclosure - and five independent ones- sales, number of employees, GRI and CSR policies and ultimately reporting period/year -. We use the Deloitte Sustainability Scorecard for measuring the sustainability reporting practices. Our sample comprises companies that adopted integrated reporting for the period 2009-2010. Sample selection was made on the basis that sustainability reports are incorporated within the integrated reports. We assume to obtain a high correlation between the business and organizational size of companies, GRI and/or CSR polities and the level of sustainability information disclosed in our integrated reports.

  15. Founder’s influence on the creation of the organizational culture and its impact on the sustainability of a family business

    Oscar Hernán López M.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Family businesses are an important part of the functioning of one economy, and how this is constructed is one of the keys to its performance on time.In 2009 in Colombia about 70% of companies were family owned, according to Superintendencia de Sociedades with a low participation in economic metrics. About 72.8 % were founded after 1970 (Dynamic EF FUNDES, and 2003 surveys indicated that they generated 73% of national employment and 53% of the gross production of main economic sectors (Jaramillo,2005.This case outlines organizational situations experienced by Trujillo Ortiz y Compañía S. en C., founded in 1985, during its rise until 1998, and its end, since 2000, showing the organizational characteristics and values of their main guiding, presenting how these, and their influence in the organization, determined the end of the company in this year

  16. A high level of employees' organizational identification in early merger integration : its impact on leader behavior effectiveness : an empirical analysis on StatoilHydro merger

    Effendi, Santi

    2009-01-01

    StatiolHydro’s internal survey result reveals that employees have already identified themselves strongly with the firm in current merger integration phase. The purpose of the thesis is to learn how such employees’ organizational identification as leadership context influences the effectiveness of leader behavior at StatoilHydro. Although the analysis result shows that this particular leadership context does not affect the effectiveness of leader behavior, the analysis also discove...

  17. THE IMPACT OF THE BUSINESS AND ORGANIZATIONAL SIZE OF A COMPANY ALONG WITH GRI AND CSR ADOPTION ON INTEGRATING SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING PRACTICES

    Tiron - Tudor Adriana; Dragu Ioana-Maria

    2012-01-01

    This paper intends to investigate the correlation between the business and organizational size of companies as well as GRI and CSR practices adoption, and the level of sustainability disclosure. The correlation is highlighted through SPSS statistic analysis and determination of an econometric model between a dependent variable - sustainability information disclosure - and five independent ones- sales, number of employees, GRI and CSR policies and ultimately reporting period/year -. We use the...

  18. The Impact of Total Quality Management Practices towards Competitive Advantage and Organizational Performance: Case of Fishery Industry in South Sulawesi Province of Indonesia

    Musran Munizu

    2013-01-01

    This study attempt to test the effect of Total Quality Management (TQM) practices towards competitive advantage and organizational performance. The design of this research has quantitative approach. Data was collected by questionnaire instrument. The unit of analysis is big and medium scale fishery companies. The respondents in this research are the managers of fishery companies. The study utilized primary data which is obtained through questionnaire. The number of population was 66 fishery c...

  19. The impact of servant leadership on organizational citizenship behaviors with the mediating role of trust and moderating role of group cohesiveness; A Study of public Sector of Pakistan

    Haider Raza Abid; Amir Gulzar; Waqar Hussain

    2015-01-01

    The current study investigated the relationship between servant leadership and organizational citizenship behavior along with the role played by trust in leadership and group cohesiveness. The study is causal, cross sectional and quantitative in nature. Sample comprised of 202 employees from three public organizations i.e. banking, education and transport. The data was analyzed through descriptive statistics, simple and multiple, mediated and moderated regression tests. Findings showed a posi...

  20. ASPECTS OF ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE

    Cebuc Georgiana; Potecea Valeriu

    2009-01-01

    In the last twenty years world-wide companies tried to adapt their organizational culture to the external environment and to the new challenges. Recent crises put to the test organizational culture, in the sense that only companies with a strong and versa

  1. O impacto do macro-ambiente na estrutura organizacional de bibliotecas universitárias The macro-environmental impact on the organizational structure of the university libraries

    Silas Marques de Oliveira

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do trabalho é provocar reflexão em torno de aspectos críticos para o gerenciamento eficaz de bibliotecas universitárias sob o ponto de vista organizacional. A discussão se baseia no tripé que alicerça uma organização, ou seja, pessoas, estrutura e tecnologia. Apresenta e discorre sobre os fatores que determinam e/ou influenciam a estrutura da biblioteca universitária, enfatizando o papel que desempenha em seu gerenciamento.The main aim of this paper is to start reflection around critical aspects for the effective management of university libraries from the organizational point of view. The discussion is based on the tripod that serves as the organizational foundation, that is, people, structure, and technology. It presents factors that determine and/or influence the organizational structure of the university library, emphasizing the role that it plays in its efficient management.

  2. Organizational learning disabilities and their relation with organizational learning styles in the Msmes

    José Gerardo Ignacio Gómez Romero; María Deyanira Villarreal Solís; Francisco Martín Villarreal Solís

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we examined 200 micro, small and medium enterprises from Durango City, Mexico, in order to find the possible relationship between learning disabilities and organizational learning styles, and its impact on organizational learning. To achieve this we applied a measuring instrument to the afore mentioned companies, it was duly adapted to the context, tested and validated, and the responses were analyzed using a linear regression model, which used the seven learning disabilities a...

  3. Organizational Culture as the Driver of Dense Intra-organizational Networks

    Eckenhofer Eva; Ershova Maria

    2011-01-01

    Shared norms and values are essential for connecting individuals in social networks as well as triggering exchange of information and joint cooperation. Trust, proximity and reciprocity are also relevant to having a positive outcome within social networks as they are linked to Social Capital, competitiveness of organizations, advantages of the economies of scales and scope as well as decrease in transaction-costs. Organizational culture impacts on most aspects of organizational life, especial...

  4. Modeling Organizational Design - Applying A Formalism Model From Theoretical Physics

    Robert Fabac

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Modern organizations are exposed to diverse external environment influences. Currently accepted concepts of organizational design take into account structure, its interaction with strategy, processes, people, etc. Organization design and planning aims to align this key organizational design variables. At the higher conceptual level, however, completely satisfactory formulation for this alignment doesn’t exist. We develop an approach originating from the application of concepts of theoretical physics to social systems. Under this approach, the allocation of organizational resources is analyzed in terms of social entropy, social free energy and social temperature. This allows us to formalize the dynamic relationship between organizational design variables. In this paper we relate this model to Galbraith's Star Model and we also suggest improvements in the procedure of the complex analytical method in organizational design.

  5. 组织文化传播方式对组织成员心理图式影响的实证研究--基于媒介丰富度视角%An Empirical Study of Impacting on the Schemas of Organizational Members by Organizational Culture Communication Way---Based on Media Richness Perspective

    张莉莉; 刘延平

    2014-01-01

    Based on the different dissemination of richness information, the communication ways of organizational culture can be divided into four different kinds:the high richness, the multiplicity of cues, the personal focus and the low rich-ness. The purpose of the organization cultural communication is to reshaping the schemas of organizational members, which shall meet the need of organizational development. The influence of these four kind of communication methods on the schemas of members is studied by SEM. The conclusions show that the high richness method is the most important way, followed by the multiplicity of cues and the personal focus, while the low richness does not make the schema of members changing;organization managers' attitude has significant impact on the first three methods, but smaller effects on the low richness way; cultural consistency and members personal qualities are not relevant of this communication process, indicating that organizational culture communication is relatively easy in China.%基于信息传播丰富程度的不同,可将组织文化传播方式分为高丰富度、线索多重性、个人化焦点和低丰富度四种不同媒介丰富度的传播方式。组织文化传播的目的是促进组织成员构建出符合组织发展需要的心理图式,本文采用结构方程方法从实证角度研究这四种传播方式对于成员心理图式的影响。研究结果表明,高丰富度传播方式的影响最大,其次为线索多重性传播方式和个人化焦点传播方式,而低丰富度传播方式不会使成员心理图式发生改变;管理者的态度对前三种传播方式有重要影响,但对于低丰富度传播方式的影响较小;文化一致性和成员个人特质对于传播过程的调节效应不显著,说明我国组织文化传播方式发挥作用相对较为容易。

  6. Organizational Learning with Crowdsourcing

    Schlagwein, Daniel; Bjørn-Andersen, Niels

    2014-01-01

    Extant organizational learning theory conceptualizes organizational learning as an internal, member-based process, sometimes supported by, yet often independent of, IT. Recently, however, several organizations have begun to involve non-members systematically in their learning by using crowdsourcing......, a form of open innovation enabled by state-of-the-art IT. We examine the phenomenon of IT-enabled organizational learning with crowdsourcing in a longitudinal revelatory case study of one such organization, LEGO (2010-14). We studied the LEGO Cuusoo crowdsourcing platform’s secret test in Japan, its...... widely recognized global launch, and its success in generating top-selling LEGO models. Based on an analysis of how crowdsourcing contributes to the organizational learning at LEGO, we propose the “ambient organizational learning” framework. The framework accommodates both traditional, member...

  7. Hayek and Organizational Studies

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Klein, Peter G.

    We briefly survey Hayek’s work and argue for its increasing relevance for organizational scholars. Hayek’s work inspired aspects of the transaction cost approach to the firm as well as knowledge management and knowledge-based view of the firm. But Hayek is usually seen within organizational schol...... scholarship as a narrow, technical economist. We hope to change that perception here by pointing to his work on rules, evolution, entrepreneurship and other aspects of his wide-ranging oeuvre with substantive implications for organizational theory.......We briefly survey Hayek’s work and argue for its increasing relevance for organizational scholars. Hayek’s work inspired aspects of the transaction cost approach to the firm as well as knowledge management and knowledge-based view of the firm. But Hayek is usually seen within organizational...

  8. Playing at Work: Organizational Play as a Facilitator of Creativity

    West, Samuel

    2015-01-01

    This thesis investigates how play may benefit creativity in organizational contexts. Play and playfulness have previously been linked to creativity in children and adults, but empirical organizational research is scarce. A widely accepted definition of creativity is that it involves the production of something that is both novel and appropriate. Play is defined as a behavioral approach that is characterized by play being: voluntary, fun, frivolous, imaginative, and in some way bound by struct...

  9. Modeling Organizational Design - Applying A Formalism Model From Theoretical Physics

    Robert Fabac; Josip Stepanić

    2008-01-01

    Modern organizations are exposed to diverse external environment influences. Currently accepted concepts of organizational design take into account structure, its interaction with strategy, processes, people, etc. Organization design and planning aims to align this key organizational design variables. At the higher conceptual level, however, completely satisfactory formulation for this alignment doesn’t exist. We develop an approach originating from the application of concepts of theoretical ...

  10. Sustaining Motivation and Productivity during Significant Organizational Change.

    Pellak, Mary T.

    2001-01-01

    Discussion of organizational change and possible negative effects which can impact organizational performance focuses on ways a manager can identify problems with employee motivation and productivity and address them in a supportive manner. Topics include clear expectations, open communication, and recognizing employee efforts. (Author/LRW)

  11. Culture Analysis: The Interaction of Organizational and National Culture

    Marina Arnoldovna Makarchenko

    2015-01-01

    The article is devoted to the interaction between organizational culture factors. A comparative analysis of the Russian and Argentine companies culture using different methods shows the impact of the national mentality in organizational culture. The thesis is the need to introduce the term "regional culture" in relation to modern Russia.

  12. Strategic Choice and Collective Action: Organizational Determinants of Teachers Militancy.

    Bacharach, Samuel B.; And Others

    Conceptualizing militant behavior as a strategic choice involving collective action and occurring within a specific organizational context, this paper examines the impact of various organizational factors on elementary and secondary school teachers' willingness to engage in militant behavior. Teachers in 83 New York districts were surveyed as to…

  13. How Knowledge Management Is Affected by Organizational Structure

    Mahmoudsalehi, Mehdi; Moradkhannejad, Roya; Safari, Khalil

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: Identifying the impact of organizational structure on knowledge management (KM) is the aim of this study, as well as recognizing the importance of each variable indicator in creating, sharing and utility of knowledge. Design/methodology/approach: For understanding relationships between the main variables (organizational structure-KM), the…

  14. Back to Normal: Collaborative Emergency Management and Organizational Recovery

    Sangyub Ryu

    2012-01-01

    Current emergency management has emphasized management through collaboration. Unlike the normative and theoretical emphasis on collaborative emergency management, empirical evidence to support its impacts on organizational recovery is lacking. To fill this gap, this study conducts a natural experiment. Using Texas school districts and Hurricane Rita cases, this study examines how collaborative emergency management at the preparedness stage influences organizational recovery after an emergency...

  15. Organizational Culture and Internationalization: A Brief Literature Review

    Nussbaumer, Alison

    2013-01-01

    This brief literature review introduces an area of emerging research about the impact of organizational culture on institutional strategies for internationalization. The review begins by introducing the concept of organizational culture, particularly within higher education. Five articles published between 2003 and 2012 are examined that introduce…

  16. A study on the effect of organizational justice on organizational citizenship and organizational commitment

    Jalil Ghafourian

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents a study on the effect of organizational justice on organizational citizenship and organizational commitment in Iran. The proposed study designs a questionnaire and distributes it among some employees of Islamic Azad University and, using structural equation modeling, we investigate the effect of organizational justice on organizational citizenship as well as organizational commitment. The study selects 142 people from 255 regular employees who work for the university and d...

  17. The Effects of Locus of Control, Organizational Justice Perception and Organizational Commitment on Organizational Citizenship Behavior

    Basım, Prof. Dr. H. Nejat

    2015-01-01

    Personal and organizational factors, which have effect on personal behaviors, can increase organizational performance and effectiveness by protecting the organization from unwanted behaviors and can have an effect on Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (OCB). In this study, locus of control (LOC) has been included to the research as a personal variable and organizational justice perception and organizational commitment have been included to the research as organizational variables to put...

  18. Rewarding Useful Suggestions in an Organizational Unit

    Rajko Vidic

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Research Question (RQ: Do organizational unit leaders reward useful suggestions? How does the rewarding of useful employee suggestions encourage creativity and effectiveness? Purpose: On the basis of group conversations through focus groups, to determine whether rewarding effects the creativity and performance of employees. Method: Quantitative method using focus groups. Results: The results of the research study showed that the organizational unit appropriately rewards useful suggestions and that this has an impact on employee creativity and efficiency. In addition, the massive inventive activity is a system that effectively influences the success of business. Organization: Massive inventive activity has become a system in which increasingly more employees from different organizational units are becoming a part of. An important role is by managers, who are responsible for creating a positive atmosphere and encourage employees into innovative thinking, performance, and rewarding of useful suggestions. Society: The research shows that this is part of the organizational culture and that it is necessary to transfer to new employees. Originality: This is the first such research in our organizational unit. Limitations/Future Research: The research study was conducted in only one organizational unit of the company.

  19. Investigating the effects of intellectual capital on organizational performance measurement through organizational learning capabilities

    Nabi ollah Nejatizadeh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available During the past few years, there have been growing interests on intellectual capital due to industrial changes on the market. Thus, identifying different ways to create, manage, and evaluate the impact of intellectual capital has remained an open area of research. One of the most important organizational capabilities, which could help organizations create and share knowledge is to effectively use knowledge to create competitive advantage. The primary objective of this study is to investigate the effects of intellectual capital on other components and their impacts on organizational learning capability. The statistical population includes 500 employees of an Iranian organization. The study uses a sample size including 273 people using Morgan statistical table and Cronbach's alpha is calculated as 0.838. The results of this survey indicate that human capital, relational capital and learning capabilities have positive impact on organizational performance. In addition, relational capital positively impacts learning capability and human capital influences positively on relational capital.

  20. The Relationship between Organizational Culture, Usability, and Instructional Technology Acceptance

    Kothaneth, Shreya

    2012-01-01

    The advent of technology has put a number of institutions in a state of reform (Wolcott, 1997). In fact, it was predicted that technology would completely transform higher education by the end of the twentieth century (Sculley, 1989). Aside from the demographic make-up of the majority of current students (Howe & Strauss, 2000), moving away from the traditional lecture-format to one with the integration of instructional technology can enhance the teaching/learning environment (Bolger & Sprow, ...

  1. The effect of perceived organizational support on organizational commitment of diagnostic imaging radiographers

    Makanjee, Chandra Rekha [Department of Diagnostic Imaging Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, PO Box 667, Pretoria 0001 (South Africa)]. E-mail: makanjeecr@tut.ac.za; Hartzer, Yolanda F. [Department of Diagnostic Imaging Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, PO Box 667, Pretoria 0001 (South Africa); Uys, Ilse L. [Department of Diagnostic Imaging Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, PO Box 667, Pretoria 0001 (South Africa)

    2006-05-15

    This article arises from a research project investigating the effects of occupational stress and organizational commitment of diagnostic imaging radiographers on rendering quality service. One of the main aims of this project was to determine the extent to which perceived organizational support influenced commitment of radiographers to the organization, to reduce turnover intent and quality of service rendered. A descriptive correlation study design, based on questionnaires completed by 119 radiographers from 11 organizations, revealed that organizational commitment was moderate towards a tendency of poor. A positive relationship was found between various antecedents of perceived organizational support and organizational commitment (mainly affective and normative), indicating that perceived organizational support positively influenced radiographers' organizational commitment. There is a clear indication of turnover intent, which in turn has a negative impact on rendering quality service. In conclusion, to reduce turnover intent, and improve quality of service rendered, management needs to play an important role in creating a positive working environment for radiographers to perform their tasks.

  2. Perceived Organizational Support Impacts on the Associations of Work-Family Conflict or Family-Work Conflict with Depressive Symptoms among Chinese Doctors

    Junhui Hao

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available As a common mental disorder, depressive symptoms had been studied extensively all over the world. However, positive resources for combating depressive symptoms among Chinese doctors were rarely studied. Our study aimed to investigate the relationships between work-family conflict (WFC and family-work conflict (FWC with depressive symptoms among Chinese doctors. Meanwhile, the role of perceived organizational support (POS in this association was explored at an organizational level. The investigation was conducted between March and April 2014. Questionnaires that measured WFC, FWC, depressive symptoms and POS were distributed to 1200 doctors in Shenyang, China. The final study subjects were 931 doctors (effective response rate: 77.6%. In all analyses, male and female doctors were analyzed separately because of possible gender differences. Hierarchical linear regression analyses were used to examine the moderating role of POS. Baron and Kenny’s technique and asymptotic and resampling strategies were used to explore the mediating role of POS on the associations of WFC or FWC with depressive symptoms. WFC and FWC had positive relations with depressive symptoms among doctors. POS played a partial mediating role on the correlation of FWC with depressive symptoms among male doctors, and POS played a partial mediating role on the correlation of WFC with depressive symptoms among female doctors. POS had a positive moderating effect on the relationship between WFC and depressive symptoms among doctors. WFC and FWC could aggravate doctors’ depressive symptoms, and POS, as an organizational resource, could fight against doctors’ depressive symptoms. When POS functioned as a mediator, FWC had a negative effect on POS, which could increase male doctors’ depressive symptoms, and WFC had a negative effect on POS, which could increase female doctors’ depressive symptoms. In the meantime, POS, as a moderator, could enhance the effects of WFC on

  3. Perceived Organizational Support Impacts on the Associations of Work-Family Conflict or Family-Work Conflict with Depressive Symptoms among Chinese Doctors.

    Hao, Junhui; Wang, Jiana; Liu, Li; Wu, Wei; Wu, Hui

    2016-03-01

    As a common mental disorder, depressive symptoms had been studied extensively all over the world. However, positive resources for combating depressive symptoms among Chinese doctors were rarely studied. Our study aimed to investigate the relationships between work-family conflict (WFC) and family-work conflict (FWC) with depressive symptoms among Chinese doctors. Meanwhile, the role of perceived organizational support (POS) in this association was explored at an organizational level. The investigation was conducted between March and April 2014. Questionnaires that measured WFC, FWC, depressive symptoms and POS were distributed to 1200 doctors in Shenyang, China. The final study subjects were 931 doctors (effective response rate: 77.6%). In all analyses, male and female doctors were analyzed separately because of possible gender differences. Hierarchical linear regression analyses were used to examine the moderating role of POS. Baron and Kenny's technique and asymptotic and resampling strategies were used to explore the mediating role of POS on the associations of WFC or FWC with depressive symptoms. WFC and FWC had positive relations with depressive symptoms among doctors. POS played a partial mediating role on the correlation of FWC with depressive symptoms among male doctors, and POS played a partial mediating role on the correlation of WFC with depressive symptoms among female doctors. POS had a positive moderating effect on the relationship between WFC and depressive symptoms among doctors. WFC and FWC could aggravate doctors' depressive symptoms, and POS, as an organizational resource, could fight against doctors' depressive symptoms. When POS functioned as a mediator, FWC had a negative effect on POS, which could increase male doctors' depressive symptoms, and WFC had a negative effect on POS, which could increase female doctors' depressive symptoms. In the meantime, POS, as a moderator, could enhance the effects of WFC on depressive symptoms. PMID:26999175

  4. Machbarkeit, Akzeptanz und Auswirkungen von Team-based Learning im Fach Neurologie: eine Pilotstudie [Feasibility, acceptance and impact of Team-based Learning in Neurology: a pilot study

    Brich, Jochen

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available [english] Background/Goal: Neurology is rated as one of the most difficult specialties by medical students, as well as by medical practitioners in other areas. Team-based learning (TBL as a method of active and group-based learning seems to be a suitable method to achieve greater learning success and a better understanding of neurology.Methods: The TBL neurology course was designed as a supplemental program within the regular neurology course for third-year medical students. This supplemental course consisted of six 90-minute units as a pilot study during the 2011-12 winter semester and was evaluated in terms of time and effort. The acceptance of the TBL concept in general, as well as of the TBL neurology course in particular, was assessed using written evaluations. The results of the final exam were analyzed with regard to participation in TBL and the content imparted therein.Results: The preparation time was approximately 8 hours per unit. The implementation was without difficulty. The high rate of regular attendance and the consistently very positive evaluation results indicated a high acceptance of the TBL concept in general, as well as of the TBL neurology course in particular. TBL participants displayed better results on the final exam in topics also covered in the TBL units.Conclusion: The resulting achievement of a subjectively better understanding and a simultaneously higher level of interest in neurology justified the one-time, relatively intense preparation effort for TBL. The high acceptance among students inexperienced in teamwork suggests an unproblematic transfer to other preclinical or clinical courses. The impact on measurably improved results in clinical reasoning and problem-solving skills should be further investigated in the context of controlled studies.[german] Hintergrund/ Zielsetzung: Neurologie wird sowohl von Studierenden wie auch Ärzten anderer Fachgebiete als eines der schwersten klinischen Fächer eingestuft. Der

  5. Leadership and Organizational Culture

    宋丽娜

    2015-01-01

    This essay attempts to explore the relationship between leaders, organizational culture, and national culture. Leaders cre⁃ate“climate of the organization”with six mechanisms. Furthermore, leaders style of management is considerably influenced by their national culture based on Hofstede’s organizational culture theory. Varieties of examples and cases are analyzed to illustrate that leadership beliefs and practices have direct relationship with organizational culture and shape their individualistic communica⁃tion styles and goals that influence to a significant degree in establishing shared values, beliefs and practices among employees within an organization.

  6. An Empirical Study of the Relationship between Transformational Leadership, Empowerment and Organizational Commitment

    Mohd Hamran Mohamad; Ahmad Zaidi Sulaiman; Hasan Al-Banna Mohamed; Azman Ismail; Munirah Hanim Yusuf

    2011-01-01

    Organizational leadership literature highlights that transformational leadership has four salient features: intellectual stimulation, individualized consideration, individualized influenced attributed, and individualized influence behavior. The ability of leaders to properly implement this leadership style may have a significant impact on organizational commitment. More importantly, recent studies in this area reveal that effect of transformational leadership style on organizational commitmen...

  7. Exploring the Strategic Role of Human Resource Development in Organizational Crisis Management

    Wang, Jia; Hutchins, Holly M.; Garavan, Thomas N.

    2009-01-01

    Crisis management has been a largely overlooked territory in human resource development (HRD) despite the increasingly recognized impact of organizational crises on the individual and organizational performance. This article explores the strategic role of HRD in the context of organizational crisis management using Garavan's strategic HRD model as…

  8. Organizational Silence in Universities as the Predictor of Organizational Culture

    Erkan YAMAN; Kayhan RUÇLAR

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between the sense of organizational silence and the organizational culture the instructors perceived. In this study, the scale for determining organizational culture developed by İpek (1999) and the scale for measuring organizational silence developed by Çakıcı (2007) and adapted by Soycan (2010) are used. No remarkable difference was found in the academic staff's sense of organizational silence degree according to their genders and educa...

  9. Perceived organizational support and organizational trust in primary schools

    Sultan Bilge Keskinkılıç Kara; Demet Zafer Güneş; Nazlı Nazar Aydoğan

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the present study is to determine the relationship between organizational support and organizational trust of teachers. Organizational support is recognizing the contribution of employees, appreciating and paying attention to them in the organizations. Organizational trust refers to an organizational climate that the employees behave each other in an honest, realistic, helpful and coherent way. The study sample involves 470 primary school teachers working in Tuzla during 2013-2...

  10. Organizational citizenship behavior towards sustainability

    Chowdhury, Dhiman Deb

    2013-01-01

    This article extends literature of Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) in the context of corporate sustainability. The author presents the concept of Organizational Citizenship Behavior towards Sustainability (OCBS) as a variant, contending it's appropriateness for today's much needed behavioral competence to implement sustainability measure at organizational level. The formulation of OCBS espouses Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) with a twist. The viewpoint defended that a for...

  11. More Than Rumors. Understanding the Organizational Grapevine.

    Zaremba, Alan

    Because the grapevine can precipitate managerial nightmares (employee resentment, distorted messages, instant diffusion of incendiary rumors), managers are well-advised to study this informal communications network and diffuse its organizational impact. This paper discusses the development, accuracy, resilience, and management of the grapevine.…

  12. Outsource the Clients Management? A Study about the Impact of the Facilities Management Activity Outsourcing in the Satisfaction of Organizational Clients

    Hellio Calian Martins

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Satisfaction is the subject of several studies because of the managerial implications related to customer loyalty and business sustainability. This study aims to assess the satisfaction of organizational clients of Shopping Centers (SC with the technical and environmental services that provide the necessary conditions for the retail practice denominated facilities management (FM. FM involves a wide range of services to retailers to ensure normal operation (HR and finance management, real estate and Legal advice, IT repairs .... The services can be managed and/or performed by internal or external staff. FM activities are quite subject to contractual and environmental problems. Although most of the time they are invisible to consumers attending the SC, when they are poorly performed, the effects can be devastating, causing dissatisfaction among consumers and retailers. Data collected at two big SC in Rio de Janeiro were statistically analyzed. Results show evidence that this management option has significant relevance in customer satisfaction and there is also evidence that the shopkeeper satisfaction is lower when the FM is outsourced. This work aims to contribute to retail management, specifically SC management, by analyzing the satisfaction of organizational clients with services of FM and may provide more information for better decision making.

  13. Varieties of Organizational Conflict

    Pondy, Louis R.

    1969-01-01

    The viewpoints and findings of the seven empirical studies of organizational conflict contained in this issue are compared and contrasted. A distinction is made between conflict within a stable organization structure and conflict aimed at changing the organization structure. (Author)

  14. Translating organizational change

    Scheuer, John Damm

    2016-01-01

    in organizational studies for making descriptions of studied empirical phenomena rather than developing theories and giving normative advice about how organizations or organizational change processes may be theorized, analyzed, managed and/or organized better. A new ANT-inspired theory about the characteristics...... of organizations, organizational change and change agents is therefore developed combining ANT with other theories. The relevance of this view is demonstrated in an analysis of a case where a nurse and the leader of a clinic for orthopedic surgery try to translate and thus implement a risk-management and deviation......This paper takes it point of departure in actor-network-theory (ANT). It responds to the Next Management Theory tracks call for papers that address and further develops our understanding of organizational change as translation processes. It moreover addresses a critique of ANT researchers...

  15. The Effect of Organizational Justice and Perceived Organizational Support on Organizational Citizenship Behaviors: The Mediating Role of Organizational Identification

    Demir,

    2015-01-01

    Problem of Study: Research on social exchange relationships does not take into account another vital component of organizational life—namely an individual’s sense of belonging and identity. Organizational identification is one of the most crucial factors holding employees together and keeping them committed to the organization. Many studies demonstrated that organizational identification is positively related to organizational citizenship behavior. Some researchers have suggested that organiz...

  16. Evolving to organizational learning.

    Bechtold, B L

    2000-02-01

    To transform in stride with the business changes, organizations need to think of development as "organizational learning" rather than "training." Companies need to manage learning as a strategic competitive advantage for current and future business rather than as a perk for individuals. To position themselves for success in a dynamic business environment, companies need to reframe their concept of learning and development to a mindset of organizational learning. PMID:11184906

  17. Organizational Downsizing and Innovation

    Richtnér, Anders; Åhlström, Pär

    2006-01-01

    Companies implementing a downsizing strategy aiming at increasing cost efficiency and operational effectiveness may face the fact that their innovative ability is hampered. In this paper, we develop a model of the mechanisms through which organizational downsizing affects innovation. We use existing theory to develop propositions regarding the details of how and why organizational downsizing affects innovation. Our model contains three components: a) the organization’s stock of knowledge, b) ...

  18. Hayek and Organizational Studies

    Nicolai J. Foss; Peter G. Klein

    2013-01-01

    We briefly survey Hayek’s work and argue for its increasing relevance for organizational scholars. Hayek’s work inspired aspects of the transaction cost approach to the firm as well as knowledge management and knowledge-based view of the firm. But Hayek is usually seen within organizational scholarship as a narrow, technical economist. We hope to change that perception here by pointing to his work on rules, evolution, entrepreneurship and other aspects of his wide-ranging oeuvre with substant...

  19. Organizational culture, Anthropology of

    Krause-Jensen, Jakob; Wright, Susan

    2015-01-01

    Anthropologists have studied organizations since the 1930s. In the 1980s, anthropologists' concepts of culture were instrumentalized by nonanthropologists to promote ‘organizational culture’ as a management tool. In subsequent decades, concern shifted to welding employees from different ‘national...... cultures’ into transnational corporations and organizations concerned with international governance. In such organizations, anthropology graduates are increasingly employed as ‘cultural experts.’ We track the anthropological research on organizational culture and argue that the sensibilities and analytical...

  20. Çalışanların Örgütsel Güven ve Sinizm Algılarının Örgütsel Bağlılıkları Üzerindeki Rolü(The Role of Employees’ Organizational Trust and Cynicism Perceptions on Organizational Commitment

    Tolga TÜRKÖZ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Organizational commitment perceptions, can have positive effects in organizations and may have advantageous impacts on individual and organizational job performance. Various organizational perceptions such as trust in the positive way and cynicism in the negative way may influence individuals’ behaviors within organizations and these organizational perceptions may also have effects on the organizational commitment perceptions. This study was conducted to reveal the role of employees’ organizational trust and cynicism perceptions on organizational commitment. For this aim, the data were collected from 371 employees in manufactoring sector and analyzed in the structural equation model framework. According to the results of the research, it was found that there is significant positive relationship between organizational trust and organizational commitment, on the contrary negative relation with organizational cynicism and commitment. Furthernore, this research consequence indicates that organizational trust and organizational cynicism perceptions of employees predict organizational commitment.