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Sample records for acartia tonsa dana

  1. Influence of algal diet on feeding and egg-production of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa Dana

    Støttrup, Josianne; Jensen, Johanne

    Threshold concentration, retention efficiency and egg-production in the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa Dana were examined using the algal species Isochrysis galbana clone T-iso, Dunalietta tertiolecta Butcher, Rhodomonas baltica Karsten, Ditylum brightwellii Grunow and Thalassiosira weissflogii...

  2. Effects of food on bacterial community composition associated with the copepod Acartia tonsa Dana

    Tang, Kam; Dziallas, Claudia; Hutalle-Schmelzer, Kristine; Grossart, Hans-Peter

    2009-01-01

    The estuarine copepod Acartia tonsa naturally carried diverse strains of bacteria on its body. The bacterial community composition (BCC) remained very conservative even when the copepod was fed different axenic algal species, indicating that the food per se did not much affect BCC associated with...

  3. Diet influence on egg production of the copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana, 1896

    Priscila F. Teixeira

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Egg production in the copepod Acartia tonsa was evaluated using different densities of the microalgae Thalassiosira weissflogii, Chaetoceros muelleri and Isochrysis galbana. Male and female were kept under controlled conditions (salinity 30, 20°C, photoperiod 12L:12D, acclimated to the experimental conditions and left over a period of 24 h to allow copulation. Algal densities tested were equivalent in biovolume and corresponded to 0, 2.5, 5, 10, 20, 40 and 60.10³ cells.mL-1 of T weissflogii. Ten acclimated female were separated, transferred to glass bottles and exposed for further 24 h to the corresponding experimental medium. After this period, the eggs were fixed and counted. Copepod egg production reached a threshold value when T weissflogii, C. muelleri and I. galbana were supplied at 10.10³, 140.10³ and 640.10³ cells.mL-1, respectively. Mean egg production corresponded to 28.0 ± 0.5, 20.1 ± 1.0 and 22.0 ± 3.5 eggs.female-1 .day-1, respectively. Copepods fed T weissflogii showed the highest mean egg production while those fed I. galbana reached a maximum egg production when the algae were supplied at a density two- to fourfold higher, considering the biovolume of T weissflogii and C. muelleri. These differences are explained considering the different sizes of the microalgae used to feed the copepods.A produção de ovos do copépode Acartia tonsa foi avaliada utilizando diferentes densidades das microalgas Thalassiosira weissflogii, Chaetoceros muelleri e Isochrysis galbana. Machos e fêmeas foram colocados sob condições controladas (salinidade 30, 20°C, fotoperíodo 12L:12D, aclimatados às condições experimentais e mantidos juntos por 24 h para permitir a copula. As densidades de algas foram equivalentes em biovolume e corresponderam a 0, 2,5, 5, 10, 20, 40 e 60,10³ células.mL-1 de T. weissflogii. Dez fêmeas aclimatadas foram separadas, transferidas para frascos de vidro e expostas por mais 24 h ao meio experimental

  4. Do Acartia tonsa (Dana) eggs regulate their volume and osmolality as salinity changes?

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Drillet, Guillaume; Pedersen, Morten Foldager;

    2012-01-01

    Subitaneous eggs from an euryhaline calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa were challenged by changes in salinity within the range from full strength salinity, down to zero and up to >70 psu. Egg volume changed immediately, increasing from 2.8 × 105 μm3 at full strength salinity (35 psu) to 3.8 × 105 μm3...

  5. The cultivation of Acartia tonsa Dana for use as a live food source for marine fish larvae

    Støttrup, Josianne; Richardson, Katherine; Kirkegaard, Eskild; Pihl, Niels Jørgen

    1986-01-01

    The marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa has been continuously cultivated in the laboratory at the Danish Institute for Fisheries and Marine Research for over 70 generations. A description of the cultivation procedures is presented in this paper. Adult copepods are maintained in 200–450-l tanks ...... and are fed the cryptophyte Rhodomonas baltica. The concentration of adult copepods is held between 50 and 100/l. Eggs are harvested daily and, on average, ca. 25 eggs are collected per female per day....

  6. Recirculating aquaculture system for high density production of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    Vu, Minh Thi Thuy; Øie, Gunvor; Reinertsen, Helge

    . Both RAS and FTAS (3 replicates per system) were set up in the same room to ensure the equal condition. The initial densities of copepods were 20000 nauplii L-1 for investigation of growth and development in the early phase and 5000 ind L-1 in the copepodite and adult stages for testing reproduction...... similar survival, growth, and reproduction, yet the nauplii developed into copepodites faster in RAS (110h) compared to FTAS (158h). This can be an indication for the potential for culturing or maintaining A. tonsa nauplii and early copepodite stages at higher densities before feeding larvae of marine...... fish larvae. Yet, the biomass and egg production of A. tonsa has been limited mainly due to the challanges to culture them at high density. The development of recirculating aquaculture system (RAS) in recent decades has opened a new culturing system that is expected to provide more stable environmental...

  7. Genetic responses of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana) to heat shock and epibiont infestation

    Petkeviciute, Egle; Kania, Per Walter; Skovgaard, Alf

    2015-01-01

    Expression of stress-related genes was investigated in the marine copepod Acartia tonsa in relation to heat shock at two different salinities (10 and 32‰), and it was furthermore investigated whether experimentally induced epibiont infestation led to elevated expression of stress-related genes....... Expression of the genes ferritin, Hsp90 and Hsp70 were analyzed in adult copepods by conducting reverse transcription-quantitative real time PCR (RT-qPCR). The expression of Hsp70 and Hsp90 was significantly up-regulated after heat shock and the expression levels were higher in copepods cultivated at 10......‰ salinity seawater than in copepods cultivated at 32‰. Significant up-regulation of ferritin (3.3 fold increase) was observed as a response to infestation with the epibiotic euglenid Colacium vesiculosum. Results suggest that (i) A. tonsa responds more pronounced to thermal shock when cultivated in low...

  8. Comparative oxygen consumption rates of subitaneous and delayed hatching eggs of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Drillet, Guillaume

    2013-01-01

    nanorespirometry to monitor initial oxygen consumption rate of individual eggs of the ubiquitous neritic calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa to distinguish between subitaneous and DHE. We hypothesized that subitaneous eggs exhibit higher initial oxygen consumption rates than DHE, and that initial egg oxygen consumption...... rate is correlated to the time for the individual egg to hatch. Subitaneous eggs exhibited higher initial oxygen consumption rates than DHE and there were no pattern in initial oxygen consumption rates vs. time to hatch or die from the eggs. Variability in initial oxygen consumption rates within...... batches of both subitaneous and DHE, as well as between these egg types, is prevalent. There was a continuum from sluggish- to fast metabolising eggs considering initial oxygen consumption rates most likely reflecting phenotypic variation within cohorts. No matter the individual initial egg oxygen...

  9. Influence of algal diet on feeding and egg-production of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa Dana

    Støttrup, Josianne; Jensen, Johanne

    1990-01-01

    Grun. Feeding and egg-production in A. tonsa was shown to be influenced by the size, quantity and quality of the food particles. The small I. galbana (4.8 μm) were inefficiently retained by A. tonsa and maximum ingestion rates on this species were first obtained at algal concentrations s> 1 μg C · ml−1....... However, the highest maximum rate of egg-production was obtained when feeding on this algal species with gross efficiencies of 22 and 38% in terms of carbon and nitrogen, respectively. Egg-production in A. tonsa ceased entirely within 4 days of feeding on a sole diet of D. tertiolecta. D. tertiolecta is...

  10. Improving cold storage of subitaneous eggs of the copepod Acartia tonsa Dana from the Gulf of Mexico (Florida, USA)

    Drillet, Guillaume; Lindley, L.C.; Michels, A.;

    2007-01-01

    . We consider that the use of antibiotics at the right dosage to be a means to increase the storage capacity of the Gulf of Mexico strain of A. tonsa eggs, which do not show any capacity to be stored for long periods of time, compared with some other strains. In addition eggs that were between 5 and 7...

  11. Effects of copepod density and water exchange on the egg production of Acartia tonsa Dana (Copepoda: Calanoida) feeding on Rhodomonas baltica

    Salveson, Erik

    2013-01-01

    In this study, the objective was to investigate the effect of different copepod densities and the water exchange rate day-1 on the egg production of Acartia tonsa feeding on Rhodomonas baltica. It was a main task to find the best conditions for a maximum egg production in a large scale production system. The egg production under 3 different copepod densities (5, 8-10 and 20-53 ind/ml) and with water exchange rates of 100 and 500 % day-1 were tested. In ad...

  12. Microbial characterization and influence on copepod (Acartia tonsa) nauplii and egg production in water treatment systems with and without membrane filtration

    Phan Hung, Anh

    2014-01-01

    Acartia tonsa is a pelagic calanoid copepod with a diverse distribution, a wide tolerance of temperature and salinities, has short generation time, can produce resting eggs, and has been considered as an excellent feed for marine fish larvae. The current study included two experiments: nauplii production (NP) and egg production (EP). In the NP experiment, the nauplii copepod Acartia tonsa Dana were reared for 14 days in a flow-through aquaculture system (FTAS), a conventional recirculating aq...

  13. Microbial characterization and influence on copepod (Acartia tonsa) nauplii and egg production in water treatment systems with and without membrane filtration

    Phan Hung, Anh

    2014-01-01

    Acartia tonsa is a pelagic calanoid copepod with a diverse distribution, a wide tolerance of temperature and salinities, has short generation time, can produce resting eggs, and has been considered as an excellent feed for marine fish larvae. The current study included two experiments: nauplii production (NP) and egg production (EP). In the NP experiment, the nauplii copepod Acartia tonsa Dana were reared for 14 days in a flow-through aquaculture system (FTAS), a conventional recirculating aq...

  14. A comprehensive and precise quantification of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana) for intensive live feed cultures using an automated ZooImage system

    Vu, Minh Thi Thuy; Jepsen, Per Meyer; Hansen, Benni Winding

    2014-01-01

    ignored. In this study, we propose a novel method for highly precise classification of development stages and biomass of A. tonsa, in intensive live feed cultures, using an automated ZooImage system, a freeware image analysis. We successfully created a training set of 13 categories, including 7 copepod...... and 6 non-copepod (debris) groups. ZooImage used this training set for automatic discrimination through a random forest algorithm with the general accuracy of 92.8%. The ZooImage showed no significant difference in classifying solitary eggs, or mixed nauplii stages and copepodites compared to personal...... microscope observation. Furthermore, ZooImage was also adapted for automatic estimation of A. tonsa biomass. This is the first study that has successfully applied ZooImage software which enables fast and reliable quantification of the development stages and the biomass of A. tonsa. As a result, relevant...

  15. The fate of lipids during development and cold-storage of eggs in the laboratory-reared calanoid copepod, Acartia tonsa Dana, and in response to different algal diets

    Støttrup, Josianne; Bell, J.G.; Sargent, J.R.

    The calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa was sampled throughout one generation to examine the fate of lipids during development in culture. Effects of dietary input were examined by feeding A. tonsa for at least one generation with specific monoalgal cultures. Four different algae were tested: the...... cryptophyte Rhodomonas baltica, the haptophyte Isochrysis galbana clone T- iso, the diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii and the dinoflagellate Heterocapsa triquetra. Further, the effect of cold storage of eggs on the lipid composition of the newly hatched nauplii was examined. During development, the fatty acid...... acids can be influenced by the dietary input. The highest ratio of 22:6n - 3/20:5n - 3 was achieved using H, triquetra or I. galbana. Higher levels of 20:5n - 3 were achieved by feeding with R. baltica or T. weissflogii. I. galbana and T. weissflogii were particularly suitable for increasing levels of...

  16. Effects of copepod density and water exchange on the egg production of Acartia tonsa Dana (Copepoda: Calanoida) feeding on Rhodomonas baltica

    Salveson, Erik

    2013-01-01

    In this study, the objective was to investigate the effect of different copepod densities and the water exchange rate day-1 on the egg production of Acartia tonsa feeding on Rhodomonas baltica. It was a main task to find the best conditions for a maximum egg production in a large scale production system. The egg production under 3 different copepod densities (5, 8-10 and 20-53 ind/ml) and with water exchange rates of 100 and 500 % day-1 were tested. In ad...

  17. Collection and cultivation methods of Acartia tonsa for toxicity testing

    Hood, C.A. [Baker Hughes INTEQ, Houston, TX (United States); Mayo, R.R. [ENSR Environmental Toxicology Lab., Houston, TX (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Acartia tonsa were located and collected from Galveston Bay, Texas in June 1995, using plankton nets and transported to the laboratory for culture. After literature searching and laboratory experimentation. A simple reliable method was designed to culture A. tonsa. This method requires a minimum of glassware and supplies. Adult A. tonsa are placed in one gallon bell jars filled with natural seawater. The jars are then maintained in a water bath at a constant temperature. Water changes are conducted twice weekly and organisms are fed daily with a mixture of algae, Skeletonema costatum, isocrysis galbana, and Thalassiosira sp. Gravid females are then isolated in generators for 24 hours to obtain known age neonates. The neonates are maintained up to a specific age and then are used in toxicity tests such as the ``Determination of the Acute Lethal Toxicity to Marine Copepods,`` required in the United Kingdom for all chemicals used for offshore drilling fluid applications.

  18. Collection and cultivation methods of Acartia tonsa for toxicity testing

    Acartia tonsa were located and collected from Galveston Bay, Texas in June 1995, using plankton nets and transported to the laboratory for culture. After literature searching and laboratory experimentation. A simple reliable method was designed to culture A. tonsa. This method requires a minimum of glassware and supplies. Adult A. tonsa are placed in one gallon bell jars filled with natural seawater. The jars are then maintained in a water bath at a constant temperature. Water changes are conducted twice weekly and organisms are fed daily with a mixture of algae, Skeletonema costatum, isocrysis galbana, and Thalassiosira sp. Gravid females are then isolated in generators for 24 hours to obtain known age neonates. The neonates are maintained up to a specific age and then are used in toxicity tests such as the ''Determination of the Acute Lethal Toxicity to Marine Copepods,'' required in the United Kingdom for all chemicals used for offshore drilling fluid applications

  19. Rhodomonas salinas & Acartia tonsas trivsel i kunstigt saltvand.

    Bennetsen, Mikkel Sakse; Kyhnauv, Ida; Hansen, Malte Jarlgaard; Hansen, Amanda; Paulsen, Jens-Peter; Læssøe, Casper Dannebrog; Frost, Jeanne

    2015-01-01

    Dette projekt omhandler hvorvidt vandloppen Acartia tonsa, kan opdrættes i den samme kunstige saltvandsblanding som algen Rhodomonas salina. Problemstillingen er blevet besvaret ved hjælp af et forsøg. Forsøget og projektet har omhandlet 3 forskellige slags saltvandsblandinger, hhv. Coral Pro, Red Sea og Blue Treasure. Der er også blevet undersøgt om saltindholdet henholdsvis 20 og 30 promille, har betydning for algernes vækst. For at få en bedre forståelse for problemet i problemformuleringe...

  20. Do inactivated Microbial Preparations Improve Life History Traits of the Copepod Acartia tonsa?

    Drillet, Guillaume; Rabarimanantsoa, Tahina; Frouel, Stéphane;

    2011-01-01

    We have tested a microbial preparation with probiotic effects (PSI; Sorbial A/S DANISCO) on the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana) development time and reproduction effectiveness in culture. The hypotheses were that PSI increases the productivity and quality of copepods in culture (increased egg...... production and hatching success, HS). This was carried out because the use of copepods as live prey in aquaculture could increase the number of fish successfully raised through their entire life cycle. However, the availability of copepods is limited by their difficulty to be effectively raised. Our results...... show that the addition of PSI to the algal food increased the individual size of the adult females and their egg production. The PSI, together with Rhodomonas salina, also increased the HS of the eggs produced by PSI-treated females. These effects were observed despite that the biochemical analysis of...

  1. Resting egg production induced by food limitation in the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa

    Drillet, Guillaume; Hansen, Benni W.; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Three populations of the copepod Acartia tonsa, two from the Baltic Sea and one from the U.S. East Coast, were compared for resting egg production at conditions of saturating and limiting food availability. All three populations produced eggs that hatched within 72 h when incubated at 17°C (subit...

  2. Dealing with the presence of the ciliate Euplotes sp. in cultures of the copepod Acartia tonsa

    Drillet, Guillaume; Dutz, Jörg

    2014-01-01

    Acartia tonsa fed with Rhodomonas salina. We found that at a concentration of 2 cells ml-1, Euplotes sp. had no effect on the production and hatching success of eggs but increased/decreased the mortality/quality of non-subitaneous eggs. Euplotes sp. had a good fatty acid profile containing high proportion...

  3. Predatory and suspension feeding of the copepod Acartia tonsa in turbulent environments

    Saiz, E.; Kiørboe, Thomas

    1995-01-01

    The copepod Acartia tonsa exhibits 2 different feeding modes: When feeding on small phytoplankton cells it sets up a feeding current and acts as a suspension feeder; when feeding on motile prey it acts as an ambush feeder. We examined experimentally the effects of small-scale turbulence on feedin...... is numerically scarce relative to phytoplankton in the environment...

  4. Temperature impact on the trophic transfer of fatty acids in the congeneric copepods Acartia tonsa and Acartia clausi

    Werbrouck, Eva; Tiselius, Peter; Van Gansbeke, Dirk; Cervin, Gunnar; Vanreusel, Ann; De Troch, Marleen

    2016-06-01

    Copepods of the genus Acartia occur worldwide and constitute an important link to higher trophic levels in estuaries. However, biogeographical shifts in copepod assemblages and colonization of certain European estuaries by the invader A. tonsa, both driven or enhanced by increasing ocean temperature, raise the pressure on autochthonous copepod communities. Despite the profound effect of temperature on all levels of biological organization, its impact on the fatty acid (FA) dynamics of Acartia species is understudied. As certain FAs exert a bottom-up control on the trophic structure of aquatic ecosystems, temperature-induced changes in FA dynamics of Acartia species may impact higher trophic levels. Therefore, this study documents the short-term temperature responses of A. tonsa and A. clausi, characterized by their warm- versus cold-water preference respectively, by analyzing the FA profiles of their membrane and storage lipids under 5 and 15 °C. Copepods that were fed an ad libitum diet of the diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii (bloom conditions) under 15 °C increased their storage FA content substantially. Furthermore, the membrane FA composition of A. tonsa showed a more profound temperature response compared with A. clausi which might be linked with the eurythermal character of the former.

  5. Defecation of dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) by the copepod Acartia tonsa as functions of ambient food concentration and body DMSP content

    Tang, K.W.

    2001-01-01

    The dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) defecation rate of Acartia tonsa (calanoid copepod)feeding on Tetraselmis impellucida (prasinophyte) was correlated with food concentration and copepod body DMSP content. Copepod fecal pellets represent a highly concentrated source of DMSP and thus play an...

  6. Prey switching behaviour in the planktonic copepod Acartia tonsa

    Kiørboe, Thomas; Saiz, E.; Viitasalo, M.

    . tonsa adopts the feeding mode that generates the highest energy intake rate; i.e. that prey selection changes according to the relative concentrations of alternative prey (prey switching) and that the copepods spend disproportionately more time in the feeding mode that provides the greatest reward...... (Strombidium sulcatum). Our data demonstrate prey switching in A. tonsa, both in terms of behaviour and in terms of feeding rates on the alternative prey. The time allocated to ambush and suspension feeding changed with the composition of the food, and clearance of diatoms was, accordingly, negatively related...

  7. Inclusion of copepod Acartia tonsa nauplii in the feeding of Centropomus undecimalis larvae increases stress resistance

    Wanessa de Melo-Costa

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This research represents the first result of studies of the common snook Centropomus undecimalis larvae from broodstock matured in captivity in Brazil. The aim of this study was to evaluate if the inclusion of Acartia tonsa nauplii improves stress resistance of common snook larvae. The larvae were fed with: rotifers Brachionus plicatilis (10 to 15 mL-1; A. tonsa nauplii (0.25 to 0.5 mL-1 and rotifers (5 to 7.5 mL-1, and A. tonsa nauplii (0.12 to 0.25 mL-1. The average percentage of survival of the treatments was 11.9%. At 20 days of age, larvae were subjected to thermal stress. Subsequently, the stress resistance was evaluated. Common snook larvae fed B. plicatilis+A. tonsa reached a higher weight and length (7.5 ± 0.00 mg and 9.1 ± 0.23 mm, respectively and resisted more heat stress (87.4% than larvae fed other foods, indicating that the feed mixture is satisfactory as a starter diet for larvae of common snook. However, more research is needed to confirm these results.

  8. Short term variations in feeding and metabolism of Acartia tonsa (pelagic copepod) in the Berre lagoon (France)

    Gaudy, R.; Pagano, M; Cervetto, G; Saintjean, L; Verriopoulos, G; Beker, B.

    1996-01-01

    Feeding, respiration, and ammonia excretion of Acartia tonsa were studied in a brackish lagoon, near Marseilles (Southern France). The experiments were performed during the same season in two successive years, using naturally occurring particles as food. Strong variations in both quantity and quality of food particles were recorded between the two series of experiments. The ingestion of particles according to their size was studied by means of the Coulter Counter technique. Females ingested m...

  9. Toxicity of nickel in the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa: Nickel chloride versus nanoparticles.

    Zhou, C; Vitiello, V; Casals, E; Puntes, V F; Iamunno, F; Pellegrini, D; Changwen, W; Benvenuto, G; Buttino, I

    2016-01-01

    Nickel compounds are widely used in industries and have been massively introduced in the environment in different chemical forms. Here we report the effect of two different chemical forms of nickel, NiCl2 and nickel nanoparticles (NiNPs), on the reproduction of the marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. The behavior of nickel nanoparticles was analyzed with different techniques and with two protocols. In the "sonicated experiment" (SON) NiNP solution was sonicated while in the "non-sonicated experiment" (NON-SON) the solution was vigorously shaken by hand. Final nominal concentrations of 5, 10 and 50mgL(-1) and 1, 5 and 10mgL(-1) NiNPs were used for the acute and semichronic tests, respectively. Nanoparticle size did not change over time except for the highest concentration of 50mgL(-1) NiNPs, in which the diameter increased up to 843nm after 48h. The concentration of Ni dissolved in the water increased with NP concentration and was similar for SON and NON-SON solutions. Our results indicate that sonication does not modify toxicity for the copepod A. tonsa. Mean EC50 values were similar for NON-SON (20.2mgL(-1)) and SON experiments (22.14mgL(-1)) in the acute test. Similarly, no differences occurred between the two different protocols in the semichronic test, with an EC50 of 7.45mgL(-1) and 6.97mgL(-1) for NON-SON and SON experiments, respectively. Acute and semichronic tests, conducted exposing A. tonsa embryos to NiCl2 concentrations from 0.025 to 0.63mgL(-1), showed EC50 of 0.164 and 0.039mgL(-1), respectively. Overall, A. tonsa is more sensitive to NiCl2 than NiNPs with EC50 being one order of magnitude higher for NiNPs. Finally, we exposed adult copepods for 4 days to NiCl2 and NiNPs (chronic exposure) to study the effect on fecundity in terms of daily egg production and naupliar viability. Egg production is not affected by either form of nickel, whereas egg viability is significantly reduced by 0.025mgL(-1) NiCl2 and by 8.5mgL(-1) NiNPs. At NiNP concentration

  10. Climatic facilitation of the colonization of an estuary by Acartia tonsa.

    Chaalali, Aurélie; Beaugrand, Grégory; Raybaud, Virginie; Goberville, Eric; David, Valérie; Boët, Philippe; Sautour, Benoit

    2013-01-01

    Global change has become a major driving force of both terrestrial and marine systems. Located at the interface between these two realms, estuarine ecosystems are probably the place where both direct and indirect effects of human activities conspire together to affect biodiversity from phytoplankton to top predators. Among European estuarine systems, the Gironde is the largest estuary of Western Europe and many studies have provided evidence that it has been affected by a variety of anthropogenic stressors such as thermal and chemical pollution, physical alterations and exploitation, especially for maritime traffic. In such a context, species introduction is also a current major issue with the establishment of strong competitive species that could lead to ecosystem reorganization with potential decrease or even disappearance of native species. In the Gironde estuary, this hypothesis was proposed for the invasive shrimp species Palaemon macrodactylus as a decrease in the native species abundance was observed at the same time. Although species introduction often takes place via ballast water, the influence of climate-driven changes on the establishment of new species remains a key issue. The calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa, observed in the Gironde estuary for the first time in 1983, have since colonized most part of the estuary, reaching a level of abundance comparable to the dominant native species Eurytemora affinis. In this study, using both the concept of the ecological niche sensu Hutchinson (fundamental and realized niches) and statistical models, we reveal that the dynamics of the colonization of A. tonsa was facilitated by environmental conditions that have become closer to its environmental optimum with respect to temperature and salinity. PMID:24098656

  11. Cold storage of Acartia tonsa eggs: a practical use in ecotoxicological studies.

    Vitiello, V; Zhou, C; Scuderi, A; Pellegrini, D; Buttino, I

    2016-07-01

    The calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa has been recommended as a marine organism for ecotoxicological tests due to its wide distribution, short life cycle and high productivity. This species is used in acute and chronic toxicity tests to assess water and sediment quality; egg hatching success and the survival of the first larval stages are considered endpoints. Toxicity test protocols require a large number of organisms and an appropriate culture system. Eggs stored under conditions that delay hatching could ensure sufficient quantities of biological materials for ecotoxicological tests. In the current study early-spawned eggs were stored at 3 °C (±1) up to 240 days and their hatching success was evaluated on a monthly basis. Our results showed that the percentage of hatching success for eggs stored for 30 days was >80 % and decreased by about 8 % for every 20 days of storage, up to 120 days. A further increase of time in cold storage brought about a significant reduction, in statistical term, of hatching success compared with the control group (43.69 ± 22.19 %). Almost 50 % of eggs hatched or died during the cold storage period, with more than 80 % lost after periods longer than 150 days. To verify the suitability of stored eggs for toxicity test, 48 h acute tests were performed using nickel chloride as a referent toxicant. Eggs stored for 30, 60, 90 and 120 days gave EC50 values ranging from 0.130 to 0.221 mg L(-1), similar to the value recorded for early-spawned eggs, suggesting that these eggs can be used for ecotoxicological tests. Our results open new possibilities for a wider use of the Mediterranean strain of A. tonsa copepod for ecotoxicological tests. PMID:27106013

  12. Influence of two different green algal diets on specific dynamic action and incorporation of carbon into biochemical fractions in the copepod Acartia tonsa

    Thor, P.; Cervetto, G.; Besiktepe, S.;

    2002-01-01

    Previous studies have shown that the two green algae Tetraselmis sp. (Prasinophyceae) and Dunaliella tertiolecta (Chlorophyceae) induce high and low egg production rates in Acartia tonsa. The primary goal of the present study was to investigate if this is attributable to differences in the specific....... Acartia tonsa incorporated relatively more carbon into proteins when feeding on T. impellucida than on D. tertiolecta. Since protein synthesis is energetically very demanding this is probably the reason for the higher SDA coefficient in those feeding on T. impellucida....

  13. Egg production and hatching success of Calanus chilensis and Acartia tonsa in the northern Chile upwelling zone (23°S), Humboldt Current System

    Ruz, Paula M.; Hidalgo, Pamela; Yáñez, Sonia; Escribano, Rubén; Keister, Julie E.

    2015-08-01

    Oxygen Minimum Zones (OMZ's) are expanding and intensifying as result of climate change, affecting Eastern Boundary Upwelling Systems. Local effects of vertical movements of OMZ's that result from changes in upwelling intensity could reduce or expand the oxygenated surface layer that most zooplanktonic species inhabit in coastal areas. Using the copepods Calanus chilensis and Acartia tonsa as model organisms, an experimental test of the impact of different dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations (between 0.5 and 5 ml L- 1) on egg production and hatching success was carried out and compared with field estimations of egg production, female and egg abundance in Mejillones Bay (23°S). Abundance of C. chilensis was highly variability and no consistent pattern in egg production and hatching success was found across DO levels, whereas A. tonsa egg production had maximum values between 2.6 and 4.7 ml O2 L- 1 and hatching success was positively correlated with DO (r = 0.75). In the field, temperature was the main factor controlling the dynamics of both species, while Chl-a and DO were also correlated with C. chilensis and A. tonsa, respectively. Principal Component Analysis showed that abundances of both copepods were controlled by temperature, stratification, OMZ depth, and Ekman transport, which together explained more than 70% of the total variance and were the main factors that modulated the populations of C. chilensis and A. tonsa in the upwelling zone of northern Chile (23°S). The differential responses of C. chilensis and A. tonsa to changes in DO concentrations associated with vertical movements of the OMZ suggest that C. chilensis may be better adapted to hypoxic conditions than A. tonsa, however both species are successful and persistent all year-round. We suggest that physiological responses of copepods could be used to evaluate population dynamics affected by the shoaling of OMZ's and the repercussions to trophic food webs of eastern boundary current systems.

  14. Can we use laboratory reared copepods for experiments - a comparison of feeding behavior and reproduction between a field and a laboratory population of Acartia tonsa

    Tiselius, P.; Hansen, B.; Jonsson, P.;

    1995-01-01

    Motility patterns and egg production were investigated in two populations of Acartia tonsa, field animals from the Oresund and laboratory animals from a 12-year-old (approximate to 120 generations) culture. When observed in aquaria with a layer of Thalassiosira weissflogii in the middle, laboratory...... animals displayed weak aggregation behaviour, while field animals did not aggregate at all. Both populations made longer and more frequent feeding bouts inside the patch. Egg production measurements were in accordance with the behaviour of the laboratory population if no diel feeding rhythm was assumed....... The held population produced fewer eggs than predicted from activity measurements, probably due to a diel feeding rhythm. It is concluded that laboratory reared A. tonsa can be used for experiments involving behaviour, but that the possible loss of diel rhythms should be a concern. Both populations...

  15. DMSP-consuming bacteria associated with the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    Tang, K.W.; Visscher, P.T.; Dam, H.G.

    2001-01-01

    efficiency was 25- 41% for DCB from copepod body, and 99% for DCB from fecal pellets. Our study demonstrated that copepods and their fecal pellets may harbour dense populations of DCB, and that the copepod-bacteria coupling represents a novel mechanism for DMSP consumption in the water column. (C) 2001...

  16. Recent advances within intensive Recirculated Aquaculture System cultivation of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana)

    Jepsen, Per Meyer; Højgaard, Jacob Kring; Drillet, Guillaume;

    2014-01-01

    interesting trait with the species is that the eggs can be provoked into a resting stage, where the egg can be stored for one year, similar to Artemia cysts. This is the most promising storage technique for distribution of copepod eggs to aquaculture facilities worldwide. The eggs can be hatched and the...... nauplii can be feed to marine fish larvae. A restriction is that copepod cultures for producing eggs are after 30 years of research still not stable and in large enough scale for bulk production of eggs. Recently a unique copepod Recirculated Aquaculture System (RAS) at Roskilde University (Denmark) was...... constructed as a part of the IMPAQ project “IMProvement of AQuaculture high quality fish fry production”. We present recent advance within RAS culture for copepods, and lesson learned from rearing the specie. Further we present physical and biological culture restrictions in terms of water quality (NH3...

  17. Effects of methyltestosterone, letrozole, triphenyltin and fenarimol on histology of reproductive organs of the copepod Acartia tonsa.

    Watermann, Burkard T; Albanis, Triantafyllos A; Dagnac, Thierry; Gnass, Katarina; Ole Kusk, K; Sakkas, Vasilios A; Wollenberger, Leah

    2013-07-01

    The marine calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa was exposed to methyltestosterone (MET, 1.6-126 μg L(-1)), letrozole (LET, 10-1000 μg L(-1)), triphenyltin chloride (TPT, 0.0014-0.0088 μg L(-1) TPT-Sn) and fenarimol (FEN, 2.8-105 μg L(-1)) for 21 d covering a full life-cycle. All four compounds investigated are known to act as androgens in vertebrates. The digestive tract, musculature, nervous system, reproductive organs, gonad and accessory sexual glands were examined by light microscopy after routine staining and immune-labelling for detection of apoptosis and determination of proliferation activities. MET induced an inhibition of oogenesis, oocyte maturation and yolk formation, respectively, which was most pronounced at the lowest concentrations tested. In LET exposed males, spermatogenesis was enhanced with very prominent gamete stages; in some stages apoptosis occurred. The spermatophore was hypertrophied and displayed deformations. In females, LET induced a disorder of oogenesis and disturbances in yolk synthesis. TPT stimulated the male reproductive system at 0.0014 and 0.0035 μg TPT-SnL(-1), whereas inhibiting effects were observed in the female gonad at 0.0088 μg TPT-SnL(-1). In FEN exposed females proliferation of gametes was reduced and yolk formation showed irregular features at 2.8-105 μgL(-1). In FEN exposed males an elevated proliferation activity was observed. No pathological alterations in other organ systems, e.g. the digestive tract including the hindgut acting as respiratory organ, the nervous system, or the musculature were seen. This indicates that the effects on gonads might be caused rather by disturbance of endocrine signalling or interference with hormone metabolism than by general toxicity. PMID:23664474

  18. Effect of temperature and viscosity on swimming velocity of the copepod Acartia tonsa, brine shrimp Artemia salina and rotifer Brachionus plicatilis

    Larsen, Poul Scheel; Madsen, C.V.; Riisgard, H.U.

    2008-01-01

    Beating cilia are important organelles for swimming in many zooplanktonic aquatic organisms, including many invertebrate larvae, rotifers and ciliates, but other planktonic organisms, such as copepods and brine shrimps, use muscle-powered swimming appendages. In recent studies we found that the...... of swimming velocity for a 10 degrees C temperature reduction) that is found to be largest for the brine shrimp Artemia salina nauplius (37 %) and the rotifer Brachionus plicatilis (26%), but negligible for the copepod Acartia tonsa (4%). We suggest that experimental data on change in swimming...... velocity (V) due to change in kinematic viscosity (v) be correlated in terms of a power law, V proportional to v(-m). The present data on swimming velocity of copepods, brine shrimps and rotifers show values of exponent m approximate to 1.5 to 3, with a trend of decreasing values for increasing size of...

  19. Effects of salinity on egg and fecal pellet production, development and survival, adult sex ratio and total life span in the calanoid copepod, Acartia tonsa: a laboratory study

    Shayegan, Majid; Esmaeili Fereidouni, Abolghasem; Agh, Naser; Jani Khalili, Khosrow

    2016-01-01

    The effects of salinity on the copepod, Acartia tonsa in terms of daily egg production rate (EPR), hatching success, fecal pellet production rate (FPR), naupliar development time and survival, sex ratio, and total life span were determined in laboratory conditions through three experiments. In experiment 1, EPR, hatching success, and FPR of individual females were monitored at salinities of 13, 20, 35 and 45 during short-periods (seven consecutive days). Results show EPR was affected by salinity with the highest outputs recorded at 20 and 35, respectively, which were considerably higher than those at 13 and 45. Mean FPR was also higher in 35 and 20. In experiment 2, the same parameters were evaluated over total life span of females (long-term study). The best EPR and FPR were observed in 35, which was statistically higher than at 13 and 20. In experiment 3, survival rates of early nauplii until adult stage were lowest at a salinity of 13. The development time increased with increasing of salinity. Female percentage clearly decreased with increasing salinity. Higher female percentages (56.7% and 52.2%, respectively) were significantly observed at two salinities of 13 and 20 compared to that at 35 (25%). Total longevity of females was not affected by salinity increment. Based on our results, for mass culture we recommend that a salinity of 35 be adopted due to higher reproductive performances, better feeding, and faster development of A. tonsa.

  20. Effects of salinity on egg and fecal pellet production, development and survival, adult sex ratio and total life span in the calanoid copepod, Acartia tonsa: a laboratory study

    Shayegan, Majid; Esmaeili Fereidouni, Abolghasem; Agh, Naser; Jani Khalili, Khosrow

    2016-07-01

    The effects of salinity on the copepod, Acartia tonsa in terms of daily egg production rate (EPR), hatching success, fecal pellet production rate (FPR), naupliar development time and survival, sex ratio, and total life span were determined in laboratory conditions through three experiments. In experiment 1, EPR, hatching success, and FPR of individual females were monitored at salinities of 13, 20, 35 and 45 during short-periods (seven consecutive days). Results show EPR was affected by salinity with the highest outputs recorded at 20 and 35, respectively, which were considerably higher than those at 13 and 45. Mean FPR was also higher in 35 and 20. In experiment 2, the same parameters were evaluated over total life span of females (long-term study). The best EPR and FPR were observed in 35, which was statistically higher than at 13 and 20. In experiment 3, survival rates of early nauplii until adult stage were lowest at a salinity of 13. The development time increased with increasing of salinity. Female percentage clearly decreased with increasing salinity. Higher female percentages (56.7% and 52.2%, respectively) were significantly observed at two salinities of 13 and 20 compared to that at 35 (25%). Total longevity of females was not affected by salinity increment. Based on our results, for mass culture we recommend that a salinity of 35 be adopted due to higher reproductive performances, better feeding, and faster development of A. tonsa.

  1. Acartia tonsa eggs as a biomonitor to evaluate bioavailability/toxicity of persistent contaminants in anoxic/sulfidic conditions: The case of cadmium and nickel.

    Sei, Sandra; Invidia, Marion; Giannetto, Marco; Gorbi, Gessica

    2016-10-01

    The evaluation of toxicity due to persistent pollutants in anoxic aquatic environments has met with various problems, as most test organisms can not withstand oxygen lack and exposure to free sulfide. We evaluated the suitability of the eggs of the brackish copepod Acartia tonsa for bioassays in anoxic/sulfidic conditions: when exposed to deep hypoxia and free sulfide, the eggs become quiescent and are able to resume hatching after restoring normoxic conditions. Tests with cadmium and nickel were performed in normoxic and deeply hypoxic conditions and in anoxic water containing H2S or H2S+FeSO4 on an equimolar basis. Active and quiescent eggs showed equivalent sensitivity to the metals, both suffering significant reductions in hatching success at 89μM Cd and 17μM Ni. As expected on the basis of the SEM/AVS model, Cd toxicity was almost completely suppressed in presence of sulfides. Dissolved Cd concentration drastically dropped and hatching success was generally >80%, as against values contaminants in anoxic conditions and the role of sulfides in reducing metal bioavailability/toxicity. PMID:27235834

  2. Tolerance of un-ionized ammonia in live feed cultures of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa Dana

    Jepsen, Per Meyer; Andersen, Claus V. B.; Schjelde, Johannes; Hansen, Benni Winding

    2015-01-01

    Optimal water quality is considered as being a restriction for marine copepod cultures for live feed. There is a lack of knowledge on the water-quality conditions in copepod cultures and the effect on copepods. Few studies have investigated the effect of ammonia on copepods, and fewer reports No ...

  3. Effect of 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone (BP1) on early life-stage development of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa at different temperatures and salinities

    Kusk, Kresten Ole; Avdolli, Manola; Wollenberger, Leah

    2011-01-01

    -stage development study. Since developmental endpoints depend on environmental conditions, a preceding study of A. tonsa development was performed at three temperatures, four salinities, four light:dark regimes, six food densities, and four culture densities. Times elapsed until 50% of the population had reached a...... copepodite stage (DT(½) ) at the different conditions were calculated. The DT(½) values decreased from 296 h at 15°C to 89 h at 25°C and were also affected by salinity (126 h at 15‰ and 167 h at 30‰), whereas the light:dark regime and culture density influenced development only to a minor extent. BP1 was...

  4. A new egg type from the marine live feed calanoid copepo Acartia tonsa (Dana) - Perspectives for selective breeding of designer feed for hatcheries

    Halsen Hammervold, Stian; Glud, Ronnie N.; Evjemo, Jan Ove;

    2015-01-01

    . The next generations' eggs were not as large as the ones they originated from suggesting that the rare large eggs represent a maternal effect. The large size eggs do however pose an interesting selection potential for designing large species-specific live feed products in aquaculture...

  5. A new large egg type from the marine live feed calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa (Dana) – Perspectives for selective breeding of designer feed for hatcheries

    Halsen Hammarvold, Stian; Glud, Ronnie N.; Evjemo, Jan Ove;

    2015-01-01

    . The next generations' eggswere not as large as the ones they originated from suggesting that the rare large eggs represent a maternal effect. The large size eggs do however pose an interesting selection potential for designing large species-specific live feed products in aquaculture....

  6. Dynamics of the Acartia genus (Calanoida: Copepoda) in a temperate shallow estuary (the Mondego estuary) on the western coast of Portugal

    Azeiterio, Ulisses Miranda; Maques, Sónia Cotrim; Viera, Luís Miguel Russo; Pastorinho, Manuel Ramiro Dias; Ré, Pedro Alfaia Barcia; Pereira, Mário Jorge; Morgado, Fernando Manuel Raposo

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this work was to review the dynamics of the Acartia species in the Mondego estuary (a temperate North-Atlantic shallow estuary in Western Portugal) in a genus integrated perspective. The Acartia genus is represented in the system by the species Acartia clausi and Acartia tonsa; the samples were taken between July 1999 and June 2000, with 63 and 125 µm mesh size nets, and between January 2003 and January 2004, with a 335 µm mesh size net, in the downstream and upstream areas of ...

  7. Hydrodynamic signal perception in the copepod Acartia tonsa

    Kiørboe, Thomas; Saiz, E.; Visser, Andre

    1999-01-01

    Copepods may remotely detect predators from the velocity gradients these generate in the ambient water. Each of the different components and characteristics of a velocity gradient (acceleration, vorticity, longitudinal and shear deformation) can cause a velocity difference between the copepod and...... such threshold deformation rates are just sufficient to allow efficient predator detection while at the same time just below maximum turbulent deformation rates, thus preventing inordinate escapes....

  8. Inhibition of larval development of the marine copepod Acartia tonsa by four synthetic musk substances

    Wollenberger, Leah; Breitholtz, M.; Kusk, Kresten Ole; Bengtsson, B.-E.

    synthetic musks, for which there is little published ecotoxicological information available regarding Crustacea. It is suggested that subchronic and chronic copepod toxicity tests should be used more frequently for risk assessment of environmental pollutants. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights...

  9. Comparison of fatty acid profiles in Acartia tonsa nauplii after grazing on five different Rhodomonas strains

    Hansen, Aske; Thomasen, Rasmus Edin; Ganes, Mikkel Coff

    2015-01-01

    Breeding of fish species is a growing industry, since humans need the fatty acids that the fishes provide. We have known this since the 1930, when the couple Burr published two articles that changed the field of nutritional biology for good, setting in stone that fatty acids are important for the health of humans as well as other living organisms. As humans we get our fatty acids mostly from fishes, which is why this industry is in such growth. The fishes need their fatty acids from their ...

  10. A parameter for detecting estrogenic exposure in the copepod Acartia tonsa

    Andersen, Henrik Rasmus; Halling-Sørensen, Bent; Kusk, Kresten Ole

    1999-01-01

    estrogenic than 17 beta-estradiol, the nonestrogen 2,3-dichlorophenole was tested at 13.6 mu g/L (molar concentration equal to 23 mu g/L 17 beta-estradiol) to test if the response is a general nonestrogenic toxic stress effect. The 2,3-dichlorophenole produced no effect. (C) 1999 Academic Press....

  11. ANALISIS PENYALURAN DANA BANK SYARIAH

    Siswati -

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan karakteristik Dana Pihak Ketiga (DPK, Non Performing Financing (NPF, Sertifikat Wadiah Bank Indonesia (SWBI, dan penyaluran dana Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia. Serta untuk menganalisis pengaruh DPK, NPF, dan bonus SWBI secara simultan maupun parsial terhadap penyaluran dana yang diberikan oleh Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah laporan keuangan bulanan Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia tahun 2005-2007. Hasil penelitan ini menunjukkan bahwa DPK, NPF, dan Bonus SWBI berpengaruh secara simultan terhadap penyaluran dana yang dilakukan oleh Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia sebesar 99,2% dan sisanya 0,8%  dipengaruhi oleh faktor lain yang tidak diungkap dalam penelitian ini. Secara parsial DPK berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap penyaluran dana Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia sebesar 98,65%, sedangkan NPF dan Bonus SWBI tidak signifikan berpengaruh secara parsial terhadap penyaluran dana yang dilakukan oleh Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia.This study aims to describe the characteristics of Third Party Funds (TPF, Non-Performing Financing (NPF, Bank Indonesia Certificates Wadiah (SWBI, and funds Islamic Bank Mega Indonesia. Moreover to analyze the influence of DPK, NPF, and the bonus SWBI simultaneously or partially on the distribution of funds provided by the Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia. The sample in this study is the monthly financial report of Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia in 2005-2007. The results of this research showed that DPK, NPF, and Bonus SWBI simultaneous effect on the distribution of funds committed by Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia at 99.2% and the remaining 0.8% influenced by other factors that are not revealed in this study. DPK is partially positive and significant effect on the distribution of funds Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia at 98.65%, while the NPF and Bonus SWBI insignificant effect on the partial distribution of funds committed by Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia.

  12. Effects of methyltestosterone, letrozole, triphenyltin and fenarimol on histology of reproductive organs of the copepod Acartia tonsa

    Watermann, Burkard T.; Albanis, Triantafyllos A.; Dagnac, Thierry;

    2013-01-01

    and displayed deformations. In females, LET induced a disorder of oogenesis and disturbances in yolk synthesis. TPT stimulated the male reproductive system at 0.0014 and 0.0035μg TPT-SnL−1, whereas inhibiting effects were observed in the female gonad at 0.0088μg TPT-SnL−1. In FEN exposed females proliferation......, or the musculature were seen. This indicates that the effects on gonads might be caused rather by disturbance of endocrine signalling or interference with hormone metabolism than by general toxicity....

  13. Food size spectra, ingestion and growth of the copepod Acartia tonsa during development: implications for the determination of copepod production

    Berggren, U.; Hansen, B.; Kiørboe, Thomas

    1988-01-01

    g C l-1 ofRhodomonas baltica). The lower size limit for particle capture was between 2 and 4 m for all developmental stages. Optimum particle size and upper size limit increased during development from 7 m and 10 to 14 m for NII to NIII to 14 to 70 m and 250 m for adults, respectively. When food...

  14. DANA: distributed numerical and adaptive modelling framework.

    Rougier, Nicolas P; Fix, Jérémy

    2012-01-01

    DANA is a python framework ( http://dana.loria.fr ) whose computational paradigm is grounded on the notion of a unit that is essentially a set of time dependent values varying under the influence of other units via adaptive weighted connections. The evolution of a unit's value are defined by a set of differential equations expressed in standard mathematical notation which greatly ease their definition. The units are organized into groups that form a model. Each unit can be connected to any other unit (including itself) using a weighted connection. The DANA framework offers a set of core objects needed to design and run such models. The modeler only has to define the equations of a unit as well as the equations governing the training of the connections. The simulation is completely transparent to the modeler and is handled by DANA. This allows DANA to be used for a wide range of numerical and distributed models as long as they fit the proposed framework (e.g. cellular automata, reaction-diffusion system, decentralized neural networks, recurrent neural networks, kernel-based image processing, etc.). PMID:22994650

  15. Effect of heterotrophic versus autotrophic food on feeding and reproduction of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa : relationship with prey fatty acid composition

    Broglio, E.; Jonasdottir, Sigrun; Calbet, A.; Jakobsen, Hans Henrik; Saiz, E.

    2003-01-01

    ) and ingestion rates, or as the quotient: EPR/ingestion rate. The diets, offered in monoculture, were the heterotrophic ciliates Strombidium sulcatum or Mesodinium pulex, the heterotrophic dinoflagellate Gymnodinium dominans, the autotrophic cryptophyte Rhodomonas salina and the autotrophic...

  16. Astaxanthin, canthaxanthin and astaxanthin esters in the copepod Acartia bifilosa (Copepoda, Calanoida) during ontogenetic development

    Maria £otocka; Ewa Styczynska-Jurewicz

    2001-01-01

    The contents of astaxanthin, canthaxanthin and astaxanthin esters were studied in natural populations of the copepod Acartia bifilosa from the Pomeranian Bay and Gulf of Gdansk in the southern Baltic Sea. Samples dominated by any one of three developmental groups: (1) nauplii, (2) copepodids I-III and (3) copepodids IV-V and adults of Acartia bifilosa were analysed by means of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). As ontogenetic development progressed, significant changes occurre...

  17. O KOMPARATIVNOJ KNJIŽEVNOSTI DANAS

    Franić, Viktorija

    2010-01-01

    U članku autorica podastire kritički pregled književno teoretskih dostignuća u hrvatskoj komparatistici od njihovih začetaka do danas, s posebnim naglaskom na pregled problemskih punktova i lakuna u prvim teoretskim radovima inozemnih i hrvatskih komparatista. U raspravi se uspostavlja diferencijacija između tradicionalne komparatistike često nazivane francuskom školom i suvremene komparatistike. Na iskustvima tih opisa i uvida u radu se predviđa daljnji razvoj komparativne književnosti po...

  18. IZAZOVI I PERSPEKTIVE PASTORALA MLADIH DANAS

    Vranješ, Nikola

    2013-01-01

    Ovaj članak određen je razradom složene situacije u kojoj se nalaze mladi vjernici. Jedan je od važnijih razloga izbora teme sveprisutna fascinacija terminom mladost. To je životno razdoblje koje je danas interesantno gotovo svim ljudima i velikom broju filozofskih, prirodnih i društvenih disciplina. Unatoč takvom velikom zanimanju, mladi sve teže nalaze put do zrelosti, do izgradnje identiteta. Stoga se nameće logično pitanje kakva je budućnost naraštaja koji tek dolaze, tj. kakva je budućno...

  19. DANA: Distributed (asynchronous) Numerical and Adaptive modelling framework

    Rougier, Nicolas,; Fix, Jérémy

    2012-01-01

    DANA is a python framework (http://dana.loria.fr) whose computational paradigm is grounded on the notion of a unit that is essentially a set of time dependent values varying under the influence of other units via adaptive weighted connections. The evolution of a unit's value are defined by a set of differential equations expressed in standard mathematical notation which greatly ease their definition. The units are organized into groups that form a model. Each unit can be connected to any othe...

  20. Võitlev raamatukogutöötaja ja radikaalne uuendaja John Cotton Dana / Eda Pihu

    Pihu, Eda

    2010-01-01

    Dana on ajalukku läinud avariiulite loojana, laste- ja äriraamatukogudele alusepanijana, reklaami kasutajana raamatukogude propageerimisel ühiskonnas ja lugemisharjumuste edendajana. Lisa: John Cotton Dana 12 kuulsat lugemise reeglit

  1. Analisis Kinerja 14 Reksa Dana Saham Terbaik Periode 2010

    Yen Sun

    2011-04-01

    using Sharpe, Treynor to find which mutual fund outperform the market. Also, each method will result rank of the best mutual fund. Furthermore, there is one more method will be used in performance evaluation, Jensen. The result of this study is there are two mutual funds that can be recommended for investment in 2011, they are Panin Dana Maksima and Panin Dana Prima. They are recommended because the two mutual funds showed the best performance for those three methods of evaluation and they can maintain their performance for more than one period.

  2. Population genetics of drifting (Calanus spp.) and resident (Acartia clausi) plankton in Norwegian fjords

    Bucklin, A.; Kaartvedt, S.; Guarnieri, M.; Goswami, U.

    isolation and restricted gene flow (Wright, 1969). Conversely, genetic homogenization of the species’ population reflects high rates of exchange among populations. We have used population genetic analysis to provide some insight into the degree to which... genetics of drifting (Calanus spp.) and resident (Acartia clausi) plankton in Norwegian fjords A.Bucklin 1,2 , S.Kaartvedt 3 , M.Guarnieri 1 and U.Goswami 4 1 Ocean Process Analysis Laboratory and 2 Department of Zoology, University of New Hampshire...

  3. PENGARUH PENERAPAN GOOD CORPORATE GOVERNANCE TERHADAP PERILAKU ETIS DALAM PENGELOLAAN DANA BANTUAN OPERASIONAL SEKOLAH

    Fauzan Fauzan

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan menguji pengaruh penerapan good corporate governance terhadap perilaku etis dalam pengelolaan Dana BOS SMP di Kota Malang. Jenis penelitian adalah survey. Populasinya adalah kepala sekolah SMP baik negeri dan swasta penerima Dana BOS. Ada 24 SMP Negeri dan 66 SMP Swasta penerima Dana BOS. Teknik pengambilan sampelnya adalah simple random sampling. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode analisis regresi linear berganda. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa semua variabel independen secara simultan berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap variabel dependen. Secara parsial, transparansi berpengaruh secara positif dan signifikan terhadap pengelolaan dana BOS. Akuntabilitas berpengaruh negative dan tidak signifikan terhadap pengelolaan dana BOS. Partisipasi masyarakat berpengaruh secara positif dan tidak signifikan terhadap pengelolaan dana BOS. Transparansi yang paling dominan mempengaruhi pengelolaan dana BOS.

  4. Navještaj evanđelja mladima danas

    Chávez Villanueva, Pascual

    2011-01-01

    U članku je riječ o evangelizaciji i navještaju evanđelja mladima danas. Da bi netko bio evangelizator, prvo mora biti pozvan i poslan. Za kršćane to znači i biti s Isusom, biti njegov učenik, a potom i apostol. Poput prvih učenika, i današnji apostoli pozvani su pokazivati Isusa onima koji ga žele vidjeti. Valja biti i hodati zajedno s mladima kako bi im se pomoglo da požele vidjeti Isusa i susretnu se s njim u zajednici njegovih učenika, Crkvi. Središnje mjesto u evangelizaciji pripada osob...

  5. Forensic odontological observations in the victims of DANA air crash

    Obafunwa, John Oladapo; Ogunbanjo, Victor Olabode; Ogunbanjo, Ogunbiyi Babatunde; Soyemi, Sunday Sokunle; Faduyile, Francis Adedayo

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Forensic odontology or forensic dentistry is that aspect of forensic science that uses the application of dental science for the identification of unknown human remains and bite marks. Deaths resulting from mass disasters such as plane crash or fire incidence have always been given mass burial in Nigeria. This was obviously due to the fact that Forensic Pathologists whose roles involve disaster victim identification were not available at that time. However, in the DANA air crash ...

  6. Polypteridae (Actinopterygii: Cladistia) and DANA-SINEs insertions.

    Morescalchi, Maria Alessandra; Barucca, Marco; Stingo, Vincenzo; Capriglione, Teresa

    2010-06-01

    SINE sequences are interspersed throughout virtually all eukaryotic genomes and greatly outnumber the other repetitive elements. These sequences are of increasing interest for phylogenetic studies because of their diagnostic power for establishing common ancestry among taxa, once properly characterized. We identified and characterized a peculiar family of composite tRNA-derived short interspersed SINEs, DANA-SINEs, associated with mutational activities in Danio rerio, in a group of species belonging to one of the most basal bony fish families, the Polypteridae, in order to investigate their own inner specific phylogenetic relationships. DANA sequences were identified, sequenced and then localized, by means of fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), in six Polypteridae species (Polypterus delhezi, P. ornatipinnis, P. palmas, P. buettikoferi P. senegalus and Erpetoichthys calabaricus) After cloning, the sequences obtained were aligned for phylogenetic analysis, comparing them with three Dipnoan lungfish species (Protopterus annectens, P. aethiopicus, Lepidosiren paradoxa), and Lethenteron reissneri (Petromyzontidae)was used as outgroup. The obtained overlapping MP, ML and NJ tree clustered together the species belonging to the two taxonomically different Osteichthyans groups: the Polypteridae, by one side, and the Protopteridae by the other, with the monotypic genus Erpetoichthys more distantly related to the Polypterus genus comprising three distinct groups: P. palmas and P. buettikoferi, P. delhezi and P. ornatipinnis and P. senegalus. In situ hybridization with DANA probes marked along the whole chromosome arms in the metaphases of all the Polypteridae species examined. PMID:21798200

  7. Copepod recruitment and food composition : Do diatoms affect hatching success?

    Jonasdottir, Sigrun; Kiørboe, Thomas

    1996-01-01

    Laboratory experiments were conducted to differentiate between factors controlling the hatching success of copepod eggs. Factors that could affect viability of eggs; viz food quality, female condition and external factors were investigated. In a series of experiments the copepod Acartia tonsa Dana...... on female fertility. External effects were tested by exposing eggs to diatom extracts. Negative effects were only evident at high extract concentrations, but disappeared when aeration was supplied to the solution. Oxygen measurements showed that failure to hatch was due to hypoxia in the extracts. No...

  8. Economic feasibility of copepod production for commercial use

    Gedefaw Abate, Tenaw; Nielsen, Rasmus; Nielsen, Max;

    2015-01-01

    During the last three decades, it has been shown that copepods are a superior live feed for marine finfish larvae compared to other commonly used live feed items, such as Artemia and rotifers. The use of copepods, which have a better biochemical composition, increases survival rate, improves growth...... producing copepods for commercial application. This is the first empirical study to investigate the economic feasibility of copepod production for commercial use. To this end, a standard cost-benefit analysis based on a prototype production facility of Acartia tonsa (Dana) eggs at Roskilde University...

  9. Dairy Analytics and Nutrient Analysis (DANA) Prototype System User Manual

    Sam Alessi; Dennis Keiser

    2012-10-01

    This document is a user manual for the Dairy Analytics and Nutrient Analysis (DANA) model. DANA provides an analysis of dairy anaerobic digestion technology and allows users to calculate biogas production, co-product valuation, capital costs, expenses, revenue and financial metrics, for user customizable scenarios, dairy and digester types. The model provides results for three anaerobic digester types; Covered Lagoons, Modified Plug Flow, and Complete Mix, and three main energy production technologies; electricity generation, renewable natural gas generation, and compressed natural gas generation. Additional options include different dairy types, bedding types, backend treatment type as well as numerous production, and economic parameters. DANA’s goal is to extend the National Market Value of Anaerobic Digester Products analysis (informa economics, 2012; Innovation Center, 2011) to include a greater and more flexible set of regional digester scenarios and to provide a modular framework for creation of a tool to support farmer and investor needs. Users can set up scenarios from combinations of existing parameters or add new parameters, run the model and view a variety of reports, charts and tables that are automatically produced and delivered over the web interface. DANA is based in the INL’s analysis architecture entitled Generalized Environment for Modeling Systems (GEMS) , which offers extensive collaboration, analysis, and integration opportunities and greatly speeds the ability construct highly scalable web delivered user-oriented decision tools. DANA’s approach uses server-based data processing and web-based user interfaces, rather a client-based spreadsheet approach. This offers a number of benefits over the client-based approach. Server processing and storage can scale up to handle a very large number of scenarios, so that analysis of county, even field level, across the whole U.S., can be performed. Server based databases allow dairy and digester

  10. Pengalokasian Dana Corporate Social Responsibility sebagai Alternatif Biaya Pembangunan di Pemerintahan Kota Medan

    Yuliana, Siti

    2015-01-01

    Dalam penelitian ini, peneliti mencoba untuk mejawab permasalahan yaitu bagaimana mengatasi keterbatasan finansial (APBD) Pemerintah Kota Medan dalam mengoptimalisasi pembangunan daerah melalui pengalokasian dana Corporate Social Responsibility perusahaan yang ada di Kota Medan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui potensi pengalokasian dana Corporate Social Responsibility perusahaan yang dapat dijadikan sebagai alternatif solusi biaya pembangunan di Kota Medan, untuk mengetahui hubunga...

  11. LA CONFIGURACIÓN DEL SIGLO XXI EN LA POÉTICA DE DANA GELINAS

    GLORIA VERGARA

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In this article we will study the poetry of Dana Gelinas, highlighting the strategies to representing the contemporary world. This Mexican poetess sees humans as entranced in front of windows or powerlessin the social struggle. Dana Gelinas’ poetry is naked and strong like the desert. Her verse come without much of preamble to define the image of the 21st century.

  12. LA CONFIGURACIÓN DEL SIGLO XXI EN LA POÉTICA DE DANA GELINAS

    GLORIA VERGARA

    2013-01-01

    In this article we will study the poetry of Dana Gelinas, highlighting the strategies to representing the contemporary world. This Mexican poetess sees humans as entranced in front of windows or powerlessin the social struggle. Dana Gelinas’ poetry is naked and strong like the desert. Her verse come without much of preamble to define the image of the 21st century.

  13. Gonad morphology, oocyte development and spawning cycle of the calanoid copepod Acartia clausi

    Eisfeld, Sonja M.; Niehoff, Barbara

    2007-09-01

    Information on gonad morphology and its relation to basic reproductive parameters such as clutch size and spawning frequency is lacking for Acartia clausi, a dominant calanoid copepod of the North Sea. To fill this gap, females of this species were sampled at Helgoland Roads from mid March to late May 2001. Gonad structure and oogenesis were studied using a combination of histology and whole-body-analysis. In addition, clutch size and spawning frequency were determined in incubation experiments, during which individual females were monitored at short intervals for 8 and 12 h, respectively. The histological analysis revealed that the ovary of A. clausi is w-shaped with two distinct tips pointing posteriorly. It is slightly different from that of other Acartia species and of other copepod taxa. From the ovary, two anterior diverticula extend into the head region, and two posterior diverticula extend to the genital opening in the abdomen. Developing oocytes change in shape and size, and in the appearance of the nucleus and the ooplasm. Based on these morphological characteristics, different oocyte development stages (OS) were identified. Mitotically dividing oogonia and young oocytes (OS 0) were restricted to the ovary, whereas vitellogenic oocytes (OS 1 4) were present in the diverticula. The development stage of the oocytes increased with distance to the ovary in both, anterior and posterior diverticula. Most advanced oocytes were situated ventrally, and their number varied between 1 and 18, at a median of 4. All oocyte development stages co-occur indicating that oogenesis in A. clausi is a continuous process. These morphological features reflect the reproductive traits of this species. In accordance with the low numbers of mature oocytes in the gonads, females usually produced small clutches of one to five eggs. Clutches were released throughout the entire observation period at intervals of 90 min (median) resulting in mean egg production rates of 18 28 eggs female

  14. Astaxanthin, canthaxanthin and astaxanthin esters in the copepod Acartia bifilosa (Copepoda, Calanoida during ontogenetic development

    Maria £otocka

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available The contents of astaxanthin, canthaxanthin and astaxanthin esters were studied in natural populations of the copepod Acartia bifilosa from the Pomeranian Bay and Gulf of Gdansk in the southern Baltic Sea. Samples dominated by any one of three developmental groups: (1 nauplii, (2 copepodids I-III and (3 copepodids IV-V and adults of Acartia bifilosa were analysed by means of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC. As ontogenetic development progressed, significant changes occurred in the proportion of particular pigments in the total pigment pool of the various developmental groups. Astaxanthin and canthaxanthin occurred in all the groups, the former being clearly dominant. However, an increasing percentage of astaxanthin esters was recorded in the copepodids I-III, and even more in the copepodids IV-V and adults group. Most probably, astaxanthin is the main pigment active in copepod lipid metabolism. Carotenoid pigments in copepods very likely act as efficient free-electron quenchers and may be involved as antioxidants in rapid lipid metabolism. The exogenously feeding stages (late nauplii and copepodids transform plant carotenoids taken from food and are evidently capable of metabolising astaxanthin by esterification and further degradation. It is emphasised that, according to literature data, astaxanthin esters may have an even higher quenching ability. It is suggested that crustacean carotenoid pigments, with their electron donor-acceptor abilities, may replace oxygen in peroxidation processes connected with lipid metabolism. The consequences of such a physiological role of astaxanthin for present-day estimations of energy balances in zooplankton communities are mentioned.

  15. September 2002 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs) from Dana Point to Point...

  16. May 2002 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs) from Dana Point to Point...

  17. ANALISISPENGARUH DANA PIHAK KETIGA (DPK), CAPITAL ADEQUACY RATIO ( CAR ), DANNON PERFORMING LOAN ( NPL ) TERHADAP PENYALURAN KREDIT PERBANKAN

    LAU, TENRI

    2012-01-01

    Perbankan merupakan bagian yang sangat penting dalam perekonomian, salah satunya sebagai lembaga intermediasi yang tugasnya menghimpun dana dari masyarakat dan menyalurkannya kembali dalam bentuk kredit. Tujuan penelitan ini adalah untuk mengetahui sejauh mana hubungan Dana Pihak Ketiga (DPK), Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), dan Non Performing Loan (NPL) terhadap besarnya penyaluran kredit pada Bank Persero di Indonesia. Variable independen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Dana Pihak ...

  18. Reduction of recruitment of Acartia pacifica nauplii from benthic resting eggs due to organochlorine pesticides

    JIANG Xiao-dong; WANG Gui-zhong; LI Shao-jing

    2006-01-01

    Many estuarine and coastal planktonic copepods depend on the hatching of benthic resting eggs for recruitment of nauplii to the water column population. The potential effects of two organochlorine pesticides, hexchloriobinzene (HCH) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), on the recruitment of Acartia pacifica nauplii from benthic resting eggs in the seabed of Xiamen Bay were experimentally investigated. The abundance of A. pacifica nauplii hatched from the sediment significantly decreased with the increase of pesticide concentration. Trimmed Spearman-Karber analysis gave sediment 96-h LC50 values were84.81 ng/g for HCH, and 157.94 ng/g for DDT. The median AI (AI50) was -0.77, which suggested that the combined effect of HCH and DDT showed a weak effect than individual effects. There was a positive relationship between mortality and exposure time in DDT treatment, while the relationship was not significant in HCH treatment. The results suggest that organochlorine pesticides can reduce recruitment ofA. pacifica nauplii from benthic resting eggs to planktonic population.

  19. We the People? An Analysis of the Dana Corporation Policies Document.

    Rogers, Priscilla S.; Swales, John M.

    1990-01-01

    Explores the complex language decisions reflected in the written ethical code of the Dana Corporation, an Ohio manufacturing firm. Suggests that such codes aim to be both inclusive of the readership and reflective of corporate goals. Uses linguistic substitution to highlight some rhetorical decisions that code composers need to negotiate. (SG)

  20. Promoting Writing among Psychology Students and Faculty: An Interview with Dana S. Dunn

    Goddard, Perilou

    2002-01-01

    Perilou Goddard is a professor of psychology at Northern Kentucky University (NKU), where she teaches introductory and abnormal psychology as well as courses in writing in psychology and drug policy. She was chosen as NKU's outstanding professor in 1999. Dana S. Dunn is a professor of psychology and former chair of the Department of Psychology at…

  1. Acute toxicity testing with the tropical marine copepod Acartia sinjiensis: optimisation and application.

    Gissi, F; Binet, M T; Adams, M S

    2013-11-01

    Globally there is limited toxicity data for tropical marine species, and there has been a call for further research and development in the area of tropical marine ecotoxicology. An increase in developmental pressures in northern tropical Australia is causing a higher demand for toxicity test protocols with ecologically relevant species. Copepods are a diverse group of zooplankton that are major components of marine food webs. The calanoid copepod Acartia sinjiensis is widely distributed across tropical and sub-tropical brackish to marine waters of Australia and was identified in a recent comprehensive review of marine tropical toxicity testing in Australia as a suitable test organism. Through a number of optimisation steps including feeding trials, changes to culture and test conditions; a 48-h acute toxicity test with A. sinjiensis was modified to become a highly reliable and reproducible standard test protocol. Control mobility was improved significantly, and the sensitivity of A. sinjiensis to copper (EC50 of 33µg/L), ammonia (EC50 of 10mg/L) and phenol (EC50 of 13mg/L) fell within the ranges of those reported previously, indicating that the modifications did not alter its sensitivity. In a comprehensive literature search we found that this species was the most sensitive to copper out of a range of marine copepods. The test was also successfully applied in toxicity assessments of four environmental samples: two produced formations waters (PFWs) and two mine tailing liquors (MTLs). The toxicity assessments utilised toxicity data from a suite of marine organisms (bacteria, microalgae, copepods, sea urchins, oysters, prawns, and fish). For the PFWs, which were predominantly contaminated with organic chemicals, A. sinjiensis was the most sensitive species (EC50 value 2-17 times lower than for any other test species). For the predominantly metal-contaminated mine tailing liquors, its sensitivity was similar to that of other test species used. The modified 48-h acute

  2. Molecular and microscopic evidence of viruses in marine copepods.

    Dunlap, Darren S; Ng, Terry Fei Fan; Rosario, Karyna; Barbosa, Jorge G; Greco, Anthony M; Breitbart, Mya; Hewson, Ian

    2013-01-22

    As dominant members of marine mesozooplankton communities, copepods play critical roles in oceanic food webs and biogeochemical cycling. Despite the ecological significance of copepods, little is known regarding the causes of copepod mortality, and up to 35% of total copepod mortality cannot be accounted for by predation alone. Viruses have been established as ecologically important infectious agents in the oceans; however, viral infection has not been investigated in mesozooplankton communities. Here we used molecular and microscopic techniques to document viral infection in natural populations of the calanoid copepods Acartia tonsa (Dana) and Labidocera aestiva (Wheeler) in Tampa Bay, FL. Viral metagenomics revealed previously undocumented viruses in each species, named Acartia tonsa copepod circo-like virus (AtCopCV) and Labidocera aestiva copepod circo-like virus (LaCopCV). LaCopCV was found to be extremely prevalent and abundant in L. aestiva populations, with up to 100% prevalence in some samples and average viral loads of 1.13 × 10(5) copies per individual. LaCopCV transcription was also detected in the majority of L. aestiva individuals, indicating viral activity. AtCopCV was sporadically detected in A. tonsa populations year-round, suggesting temporal variability in viral infection dynamics. Finally, virus-like particles of unknown identity were observed in the connective tissues of A. tonsa and L. aestiva by transmission electron microscopy, demonstrating that viruses were actively proliferating in copepod connective tissue as opposed to infecting gut contents, parasites, or symbionts. Taken together, these results provide strong independent lines of evidence for active viral infection in dominant copepod species, indicating that viruses may significantly influence mesozooplankton ecology. PMID:23297243

  3. Mineralogy and Chemistry of Coronadite from Middle Cambrian Manganese Deposits at Wadi Dana, Southern Jordan

    Ahmad Al-Malabeh; Tayel El-Hasan

    2009-01-01

    Coronadite was reported from the upper-most horizons of the Middle Cambrian sediments at two locations in Wadi Dana, central Wadi Araba and Jordan. The unit is composed of dolomite, limestone and shale. Geochemical investigations show appreciable variations in Mn, Pb, Fe, K and Ba contents in the coronadite between the two studied sites. Pb was found to increase downward in both sites in spite of the lateral distance between them. Fe does not vary vertically, but its concentration decreases e...

  4. HUBUNGAN ANTARA PAD DAN DANA PERIMBANGAN DENGAN BELANJA MODAL PEMDA KUDUS

    Subowo -

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan hubungan antara pendapatan asli daerah (PAD dan Dana Perimbangan dengan belanja modal dan mendeteksi kontribusi PAD, Dana Perimba-ngan dan Belanja Modal terhadap pemerintah daerah APBD Kudus. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif. Sampel penelitian yang digunakan adalah Laporan Realisasi Anggaran Pemerintah Daerah Kudus mulai tahun 2003 sampai 2008. Variabel gayutnya (Y adalah Belanja Modal (Y1, sedangkan variabel bebas (X dalam penelitian ini adalah PAD (X1 dan Dana Perimbangan (X2. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data sekunder yang diambil dengan cara dokumentasi teknis. Penelitian ini menggunakan korelasi produk momen untuk melihat hu-bungan antar variabel-variabel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan adanya hubungan yang signifikan antara PAD dan Dana Perimbangan dengan Belanja Modal. The purpose of this research is to determine the relationship between PAD and balance fund with Capital expenditure and to detect the contribution of PAD, balance fund and capital expenditure to the APBD of Kudus local government. This research includes quantitative descriptive research. The sample of the research was the Local Government Budget Realization Report of Kudus started from 2003 up to 2008. Here, the dependent variable (Y is Capital Expenditure (Y1, while the independent variable (X in this research is PAD (X1 and the Balance Fund (X2. This research used secondary data taken by applying the technical documentation. This research used correlation product moment to see the relationship between the variables. The result indicates that there are significant relationships between  PAD and balance fund with capital expenditure.

  5. Management of Ontario children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia by the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute protocols.

    Desai, S J; Barr, R D; Andrew, M.; deVeber, L L; Pai, M K

    1989-01-01

    There is ample evidence of the value of intensive therapeutic strategies in the management of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), the commonest form of malignant disease in children. Such a program, devised at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI), Boston, and incorporating high-dose L-asparaginase, was adopted in 1984 by the Children's Hospital at Chedoke-McMaster, Hamilton, Ont., and the Children's Hospital of Western Ontario, London. We describe the experience of these institutions in th...

  6. Effects of high CO2 seawater on the copepod (Acartia tsuensis) through all life stages and subsequent generations

    We studied the effects of exposure to seawater equilibrated with CO2-enriched air (CO2 2380 ppm) from eggs to maturity and over two subsequent generations on the copepod Acartia tsuensis. Compared to the control (CO2 380 ppm), high CO2 exposure through all life stages of the 1st generation copepods did not significantly affect survival, body size or developmental speed. Egg production and hatching rates were also not significantly different between the initial generation of females exposed to high CO2 and the 1st and 2nd generation females developed from eggs to maturity in high CO2. Thus, the copepods appear more tolerant to increased CO2 than other marine organisms previously investigated for CO2 tolerance (i.e., sea urchins and bivalves). However, the crucial importance of copepods in marine ecosystems requires thorough evaluation of the overall impacts of marine environmental changes predicted to occur with increased CO2 concentrations, i.e., increased temperature, enhanced UV irradiation, and changes in the community structure and nutritional value of phytoplankton

  7. Predantički toponimi u današnjoj (i povijesnoj) Hrvatskoj

    Šimunović, Petar

    2014-01-01

    Na hrvatskom jezičnom prostoru sačuvani su mnogi toponimi predantičkoga postanja. Oni su najstariji spomenici cjelokupne hrvatske imenske baštine. Uznastojalo se prepoznati te toponime u zapisima antičkih i drugih pisaca te njihovu očuvanost do danas u jezičnim prilagodbama i u dosadašnjim parcijalnim obradbama u radovima hrvatskih i stranih onomastičara i etimologa. U ovom su radu ta imena skupljena, razvrstana s obzirom na njihov razmještaj, uspoređivana s dosadašnjim obradbama i mogućim rj...

  8. Razvoj hemijske proizvodnje u doba antike na teritoriji današnje Srbije

    Kalamković, Snežana

    2015-01-01

    U ovom radu se proučava bogatstvo arheoloških lokaliteta sa teritorije današnje Republike Srbije sa aspekta razvoja hemijske proizvodnje, tj. materijalne kulture, koja je postignuta, za to doba, karakterističnom proizvodnjom metalne robe i građevinskog materijala. Uzorci koji su korišćeni, u većini slučajeva, nisu imali prethodni tretman ili su vađeni direktno iz ležišta arheoloških nalaza, uz odobrenje lokalnih i regionalnih muzeja: ...

  9. Life cycle and structure of the fish digenean Brachyphallus crenatus (Hemiuridae).

    Køie, M

    1992-04-01

    Cystophorous cercariae from Retusa obtusa (Montagu) (Gastropoda, Opisthobranchia, Retusidae) develop into adults of Brachyphallus crenatus (Rudolphi, 1802) Odhner, 1905 (Hemiuridae). The free-swimming cercariae were ingested by laboratory-reared Acartia tonsa Dana, and the cercarial body was injected into the hemocoel of the copepod. Two-week-old metacercariae held at 15 C were infective to stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus. The cercariae of B. crenatus are very similar to the cercariae of Hemiurus luehei Odhner, 1905, and Lecithocladium excisum (Rudolphi, 1819) Lühe, 1901 (Hemiuridae), which develop in closely related opisthobranch snails. Scanning electron microscopy of metacercariae and adults of B. crenatus revealed the annular plications of most of the external surface to be scalelike. The area surrounding the genital pore and the presomatic pit was densely plicated. PMID:1556648

  10. Praktek Window Dressing pada Reksa Dana Saham di Indonesia Selama Periode 2001-2007

    Patrick Kapugu

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available During maintaining their assets, there is an indication those days surrounding every reporting date, which is the date at each year end; fund manager behaves differently from any other dates. Some researchers and analysts conclude this behavior as what-so-called window dressing, which is a practice to present the report in favor of the investors’ expectation. This study is intended to examine the existence of such behavior in Indonesia. Some of the signals that aid in proving the existence of window dressing are the turn-of-year factor, lagged returns, and fund’s objectives. The result of this study exhibits indications of turn-of-year factor and lagged return inclined to window dressing. This study fails to verify the indications of fund’s objective inclined to window dressing because of the changing objectives during the portfolio management. Abstract in Bahasa Indoensia: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui ketidakwajaran yang terjadi di sekitar tanggal pelaporan dibandingkan dengan periode lainnya atau yang disebut praktek window dressing yang terjadi di Indonesia. Melalui penelitian ini investor lebih mengetahui dampak-dampak penempatan dananya, khususnya pada instrumen investasi reksa dana. Beberapa peneliti menyimpulkan ada praktek window dressing untuk membuat laporan keuangan tampak menjanjikan bagi investor. Dari hasil penelitian diperoleh tanda bahwa terdapat praktek window dressing di sekitar tanggal pelaporan berdasarkan residual aktual dan pengaruh lagged return Kata kunci: window dressing, lagged return, reksa dana

  11. Grazer-induced chain lenght plasticity reduces grazing risk in a marine diatom

    Bergkvist, Johanna; Thor, Peter; Jakobsen, Hans Henrik; Wängberg, Sten-Åke; Selander, Erik

    2012-01-01

    We show that Skeletonema marinoi suppresses chain formation in response to copepod cues. The presence of three different copepod species (Acartia tonsa, Centropages hamatus, or Temora longicornis) significantly reduced chain length. Furthermore, chain length was significantly reduced when S. mari...

  12. Posreduje li Božja riječ vjeru i danas?

    CIFRAK, Mario

    2013-01-01

    Na pitanje posredovanja vjere Božjom riječi danas odgovaramo tezama koje su postavljene na temelju Pavlove teologije. U prvoj tezi nalazimo dva bitna elementa: slušanje evanđelja i riječ Božju, koji su povezani s dva Pavlova teksta: Rim 10,14-17 i l Sol 2,13. Ovaj posljednji tekst daje nam daljnje ključne pojmove: paraklezu i vjeru. Druga teza bavi se poslušnom vjerom (usp. Rim 1,1-7). Pavao govori o svom apostolatu među narodima za »ime« Isusa Krista. Toj vladavini načiniti prostor svojim na...

  13. Dryden Test Pilots 1990 - Smolka, Fullerton, Schneider, Dana, Ishmael, Smith, and McMurtry

    1990-01-01

    It was a windy afternoon on Rogers Dry Lake as the research pilots of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Ames-Dryden Flight Research Facility gathered for a photo shoot. It was a special day too, the 30th anniversary of the first F-104 flight by research pilot Bill Dana. To celebrate, a fly over of Building 4800, in formation, was made with Bill in a Lockheed F-104 (826), Gordon Fullerton in a Northrop T-38, and Jim Smolka in a McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 (841) on March 23, 1990. The F-18 (841), standing on the NASA ramp is a backdrop for the photo of (Left to Right) James W. (Smoke) Smolka, C. Gordon Fullerton, Edward T. (Ed) Schneider, William H. (Bill) Dana, Stephen D. (Steve) Ishmael, Rogers E. Smith, and Thomas C. (Tom) McMurtry. Smolka joined NASA Ames-Dryden Flight Research Facility in September 1985. He has been the project pilot on the F-15 Advanced Control Technology for Integrated Vehicles (ACTIVE) research and F-15 Aeronautical Research Aircraft programs. He has also flown as a pilot on the NASA B-52 launch aircraft, as a co-project pilot on the F-16XL Supersonic Laminar Flow Control aircraft and the F-18 High Angle-of-Attack Research Vehicle (HARV) aircraft. Other aircraft he has flown in research programs are the F-16, F-111, F-104 and the T-38 as support. Fullerton, joined NASA's Ames-Dryden Flight Research Facility in November 1986. He was project pilot on the NASA/Convair 990 aircraft to test space shuttle landing gear components, project pilot on the F-18 Systems Research Aircraft, and project pilot on the B-52 launch aircraft, where he was involved in six air launches of the commercially developed Pegasus space launch vehicle. Other assignments include a variety of flight research and support activities in multi-engine and high performance aircraft such as, F-15, F-111, F-14, X-29, MD-11 and DC-8. Schneider arrived at the NASA Ames-Dryden Flight Research Facility on July 5, 1982, as a Navy Liaison Officer, becoming a NASA research

  14. Fecundidade em Callinectes danae Smith (Decapoda, Portunidae) da lagoa da Conceição, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil Fecundity of Callinectes danae Smith (Decapoda, Portunidae) in lagoa da Conceição, Santa Catarina, Brazil

    Joaquim Olinto Branco; Marcelo Gentil Avilar

    1992-01-01

    The estimate for the average fecundity for the C. danae population of Lagoa da Conceição (Florianópolis, Santa Catarina) was of 598.885 eggs by female. The average number of eggs and the weight of the mass of eggs, in general, increase with the female size. The variation in colour and in the diameter of the eggs is associated with the degree of development of the embryo.

  15. Estrutura populacional de Armases angustipes (Dana) (Decapoda, Brachyura, Grapsidae) na Ilha do Farol, Matinhos, Paraná Population structurc of Armases angustipes (Dana) (Decapoda, Brachyura, Grapsidae) from Farol Island, Matinhos, Paraná

    Vânia G.L. Kowalczuk; Setuko Masunari

    2000-01-01

    Annual fluetuation of densities and population strueture of Armases angustipes (Dana, 1852) from a rocky shore at Farol Island, Matinhos, Paraná, Brazil (25º51'S and 48º32'W) were studied. The population strueture was treated in the following aspects: sexual proportion, dial intensity of activities, size composition and its fluetuation, and general condition of the crabs. The collections were made monthly, from January to December 1991. The samples were obtained handly, in the morning and at ...

  16. Impact of a power plant cooling system on copepod and meroplankton survival (Bahía Blanca estuary, Argentina Impacto del sistema de enfriamiento de una central termoeléctrica sobre la supervivencia de copépodos y meroplancton (estuario de Bahía Blanca, Argentina

    Mónica Susana Hoffmeyer

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The impact of a power plant cooling system in the Bahía Blanca estuary (Argentina on the survival of target zooplanktonic organisms (copepods and crustacean larvae and on overall mesozooplankton abundance was evaluated over time. Mortality rates were calculated for juveniles and adults of four key species in the estuary: Acartia tonsa Dana, 1849 and Eurytemora americana Williams, 1906 (native and invading copepods, and larvae of the crab Chasmagnathus granulata Dana, 1851 and the invading cirriped Balanus glandula Darwin, 1854. Mean total mortality values were up to four times higher at the water discharge site than at intake, though for all four species, significant differences were only registered in post-capture mortality. The findings show no evidence of greater larval sensitivity. As expected, the sharpest decrease in overall mesozooplankton abundance was found in areas close to heated water discharge.El impacto del sistema de enfriamiento de una planta termoeléctrica ubicada en el estuario de Bahía Blanca, Argentina, fue evaluado en el tiempo, sobre la supervivencia de especies zooplanctónicas seleccionadas (copépodos y larvas de crustáceos y la abundancia general del meso-zooplancton. Se calcularon tasas de mortalidad de juveniles y adultos de cuatro especies clave en el estuario: Acartia tonsa Dana,1849 y Eurytemora americana Williams,1906 (copépodos nativo e invasor, y larvas del cangrejo Chasmagnathus granulata Dana, 1851 y del cirripedio invasor Balanus glandula Darwin, 1854. Los valores medios hallados de la tasa de mortalidad total, fueron hasta cuatro veces más altos en la descarga que en el agua de entrada al sistema. Sin embargo sólo se registraron diferencias significativas entre estos dos sitios, en los valores de mortalidad post-captura obtenidos para las cuatro especies. Los resultados del estudio no demostraron una mayor sensibilidad larval. Como se esperaba, la disminución más pronunciada en la abundancia general

  17. Shear-hosted base metal mineralisation at the Dana Peaks, Murchison Mountains, Fiordland, New Zealand

    Darran Suite dioritic, tonalitic and granodioritic plutonic rocks and schistose Loch Burn Formation volcaniclastic rocks in the central Murchison Mountains at the Dana Peaks have been affected by widespread biotite-sericite-chlorite-albite-quartz-pyrite ± carbonate ± epidote/clinozoisite ± titanite/rutile ± actinolite alteration. More intense, paler coloured sericite-albite-quartz-pyrite ± carbonate alteration is concentrated along orange weathered shear zones. Alteration assemblages are transitional between those commonly referred to as propylitic, potassic and phyllic. Altered rocks contain anomalous concentrations of copper, lead, zinc and silver over an area of c. 2.56 km. Metal concentrations 2-5 times those typical of Darran Suite plutonic rocks and the Loch Burn Formation are commonly associated with more extensive weak to moderate intensity alteration. Higher metal grades up to c. 0.5% copper, 1% zinc, 1.3% lead and 30 ppm silver are concentrated in or adjacent to the 1-5 m wide, more intensely altered shear zones which contain entrained lenses of pyritised country rock, breccias and quartz ± K-feldspar ± chlorite ± carbonate ± hematite ± tourmaline veins. Some mineralised rocks also contain traces of tungsten (2-7 ppm), arsenic (<5-35 ppm) and tellurium (0.2-5.4 ppm). Most samples lack detectable molybdenum (<3 ppm), gold (<0.004 ppm) or bismuth (<0.2 ppm), with atypical higher values (40, 0.03 and 50 ppm, respectively) generally restricted to the most intensely altered and/or deformed rocks. The mineralised rocks show a close spatial and temporal relationship with several narrow ductile shear zones that probably developed in the Early Cretaceous between c. 128 and 110 Ma. Mineralised shear zones form minor splays off larger shear zones that are part of a major intra-arc fault system, active along or near the boundary between inboard and outboard parts of the Median Batholith at this time. Traces of similar lead mineralisation are present at the

  18. Pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Dana Alokasi Umum dan Jumlah Penduduk terhadap Belanja Daerah Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi

    Andri Devita; Arman Delis; Junaidi Junaidi

    2014-01-01

    Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD), Dana Alokasi Umum (DAU) dan jumlah penduduk terhadap belanja daerah kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Ketika diamati dari pengaruhnya dengan menggunakan model fixed effect, dapat dilihat bahwa PAD dan DAU secara simultan dan parsial dapat meningkatkan belanja langsung dan belanja tidak langsung sementara jumlah penduduk mengurangi peningkatan belanja langsung. Hal ini berbeda dengan belanja tidak langsu...

  19. Idade e crescimento de Callinectes danae e C. ornatus (Crustacea, Decapoda na Baía de Guanabara, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Age and growth of Callinectes danae and C. ornatus (Crustacea, Decapoda in Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    Karina A. Keunecke

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Callinectes danae Smith, 1869 e C. ornatus Ordway, 1863 constituem uma parcela importante da produção pesqueira na Baía de Guanabara. Ambas espécies compõem uma fração significativa da fauna-acompanhante sendo exaustivamente descartadas pelas pescarias de arrasto de camarões na costa brasileira. As curvas de crescimento de C. danae e C. ornatus foram calculadas por meio da análise de progressão modal. Para estimar os parâmetros biológicos, foi aplicado o modelo de crescimento de Bertalanffy e para estimar a longevidade foi usada a sua fórmula inversa. As curvas de crescimento foram: ♂ LC = 120 (1 - e -0,005t , ♀ LC = 113 (1 - e -0,005t; ♂ LC = 94 (1 - e -0,005t e ♀ LC = 110 (1 - e -0,005t , respectivamente para C. danae e C. ornatus. A longevidade alcançada para as duas espécies foi em torno de 2,5 anos, além de validar as curvas de crescimento. O estudo do crescimento em crustáceos é de extrema importância, pois além de fornecer a informação biológica básica para o grupo, os parâmetros estimados subsidiam o ordenamento e manejo pesqueiro das espécies exploradas.Callinectes danae Smith, 1869 and C. ornatus Ordway, 1863 constitute an important portion from the fishing products at Guanabara Bay. Both species compose a significant by-catch fraction being a lot discarded during shrimp trawlings along Brazilian coast. Growth curves were estimated by modal progression analysis. For the biological parameters it was applied the Bertalanffy growth function and for the age it was used its inverse formula. Growth curves of C. danae and C. ornatus were respectively: ♂ LC = 120 (1 - e -0,005t, ♀ LC = 113 (1 - e -0,005t; ♂ LC = 94 (1 - e -0,005t and ♀ LC = 110 (1 - e -0,005t. The age for both species reached around 2.5 years, besides to confirm growth curves. Growth study in crustaceans is very important, because besides supplying biological information it subsidizes fishery management for exploted species.

  20. Juvenile development of Callinectes danae Smith, 1869 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae under laboratory conditions

    EDUARDO A. BOLLA Jr

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The juvenile development of Callinectes danae was investigated from megalopae obtained in neuston samples at Ubatuba, São Paulo, Brazil. The individuals were raised in the laboratory under constant temperature (25 ± 1°C, filtered sea water from the collection location (35‰, and natural photoperiod. Newly hatched Artemia sp. nauplii were offered as food on a daily basis and ornamental-fish food was also provided for the juveniles from the 4th stage on. Twelve stages of the juvenile phase were obtained. The main morphological features that allowed recognition of the first juvenile stage were drawn and described. All the subsequent stages obtained were examined and measured, and the main changes in relation to the first stage were recorded. Sexual dimorphism becomes apparent from the fourth juvenile stage onwards. Some appendages and morphological features proved to be of great importance in the identification of species, including the number of segments of the antennal flagellum and the number of setae on the maxilla and on the 1st, 2nd and 3rd maxillipeds. These can probably be used for future comparisons and species identifications.

  1. An environmental forensic approach for tropical estuaries based on metal bioaccumulation in tissues of Callinectes danae.

    Bordon, Isabella C A C; Sarkis, Jorge E S; Andrade, Nathalia P; Hortellani, Marcos A; Favaro, Deborah I T; Kakazu, Mauricio H; Cotrim, Marycel E B; Lavradas, Raquel T; Moreira, Isabel; Saint'Pierre, Tatiana D; Hauser-Davis, Rachel Ann

    2016-01-01

    The blue crab Callinectes danae is distributed throughout the Atlantic coast and this study aimed to evaluate a environmental forensics approach that could be applied at tropical estuarine systems where this species is distributed, based on the metal concentrations in its tissues. For this purpose, blue crab samples were collected in 9 sites (distributed in 3 areas) along the Santos Estuarine System, state of São Paulo, Brazil. The concentrations of Al, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn were determined in gills, hepatopancreas and muscle tissues. Sediment samples were collected and analyzed in these same sites. A data distribution pattern was identified during both sampling periods (August and December 2011). In order to validate this model, a new sampling campaign was performed in March 2013 at the Santos Estuarine System and also at Ilha Grande (state of Rio de Janeiro). These data were added to the previous database (composed of the August and December 2011 samples) and a discriminant analysis was applied. The results confirmed an environmental fingerprint for the Santos Estuarine System. PMID:26475048

  2. Etički obzor utemeljitelja odnosa s javnošću i etika u toj struci danas

    Haramija, Predrag

    2009-01-01

    Radom nastojimo ukazati na kontinuitet etičkih problema i dilema u odnosima s javnošću od njihova utemeljenja do danas i doći do mogućega etičkog okvira pristupa toj djelatnosti. Nakon kratka opisa definicija i razvoja struke odnosa s javnošću i prikaza osnovnih postavki recentnih teorija etike u njoj, opisujemo rad i glavne postavke dvojice utemeljitelja moderne djelatnosti odnosa s javnošću, Edwarda Louisa Bernaysa i Ivya Ledbetera Leea. Potom prosuđujemo njihov pristup etici i uspoređujemo...

  3. Pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Dana Alokasi Umum dan Jumlah Penduduk terhadap Belanja Daerah Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi

    Andri Devita

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD, Dana Alokasi Umum (DAU dan jumlah penduduk terhadap belanja daerah kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Ketika diamati dari pengaruhnya dengan menggunakan model fixed effect, dapat dilihat bahwa PAD dan DAU secara simultan dan parsial dapat meningkatkan belanja langsung dan belanja tidak langsung sementara jumlah penduduk mengurangi peningkatan belanja langsung. Hal ini berbeda dengan belanja tidak langsung yang memiliki efek positif karena pertumbuhan penduduk di kabupaten/kota di Jambi dapat meningkatkan alokasi belanja pegawai sedangkan untuk belanja langsung terutama untuk belanja modal tidak efisien. Kata kunci : Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Dana Alokasi Umum, Anggaran.     Abstract This study aimed to analyze the influence of Locally-Generated Revenue (PAD, General Allocation Fund (DAU, and the population of the regional budget district/city in Jambi Province. Data in this research is regional budget, PAD, DAU and population. When it is observed from its effect by using fixed effect model, it can be seen that PAD dan DAU in total or partial can improve direct spending and indirect spending meanwhile population can reduce the improvement of direct spending. It is different with indirect spending which has positive effect because the growing of population in regency/city in Jambi can improve the allocation of employee spending meanwhile for direct spending especially for capital spending is not efficient. Keywords: Locally-Generated Revenue, General Allocation Fund, Budget

  4. Ot Christo Botev do samija prag na XXI vek... Jubilejni štrichi kăm portreta na bălgaristkata Dana Chronkova

    Černý, Marcel; Nisheva, Bozhana

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 70, 1-2 (2015), s. 256-277. ISSN 0324-1270 Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : Hronková, Danuše (Dana) (1930-) * Bulgarian literary studies * Czech-Bulgarian cultural relations * literary reception * translatology Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  5. Implementasi Program Dana Bantuan Pemberdayaan Usaha Garam Rakyat (PUGAR Dalam Rangka Pengembangan Wirausaha Garam Rakyat (Studi Pada Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Kabupaten Sumenep

    Bagus Ananda Kurniawan

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian dengan metode kualitatif ini untuk mendeskripsikan dan menganalisis sebuah kebijakan yang tujuannya untuk memberdayakan usaha garam rakyat di Kabupaten Sumenep yang dipotret melalui kajian Implementasi Program Dana Bantuan Pemberdayaan Usaha Garam Rakyat (PUGAR dengan penekanan pada model implementasi Kebijakan Grindle yang terdiri dari isi (contents of Policy dan (contexts of policy pelaksanaan kebijakan. Pemberdayaan Usaha Garam Rakyat (PUGAR yang bersumber dari APBN merupakan program pemberdayaan yang difokuskan pada peningkatan kesejahteraan bagi petambak garam, serta peningkatan produksi dan kualitas produk garam. Temuan penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Isi Kebijakan (Content Of Policy meliputi Pemberdayaan Usaha Garam Rakyat (PUGAR ini telah ditetapkan  melalui peraturan menteri kelautan dan perikanan nomor 41 tahun 2011 tentang pedoman pelaksanaan Program Nasional Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Mandiri Kelautan dan Perikanan. pelaksanaan kebijakan (Context of Policy meliputi tim pendamping PUGAR Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Kabupaten Sumenep melakukan identifikasi keberadaan kelompok dan lokasi lahan kepada kelompok PUGAR yang telah mengajukan proposal permohonan bantuan PUGAR dan lokakarya maupun sosialisasi setiap tahunnya. Kesimpulan penelitian ini meliputi pemberian informasi tentang pelaksanaan program PUGAR hingga proses pencairan bantuan PUGAR kurang jelas diterima oleh kelompok usaha petani garam (KUGAR. Kelompok usaha petani garam rakyat (KUGAR Penerima PUGAR setiap tahunnya berharap dana PUGAR dicairkan sebelum masa Produksi Garam, dana bantuan PUGAR ini ditransfer ke rekening bank milik kelompok usaha petani garam (KUGAR dan penggunaan dana PUGAR ini harus disesuaikan dengan Rencana Usaha Bersama (RUB yang terdapat dalam Laporan Pertanggung Jawaban (LPJ proposal pengajuan dana PUGAR setiap kelompok petani garam rakyat (KUGAR. Kata Kunci: Program Pemberdayaan Usaha Garam Rakyat (PUGAR, teori implementasi kebijakan publik

  6. Efecto del dinoflagelado tóxico Gymnodinium catenatum sobre el consumo, la producción de huevos y la tasa de eclosión del copépodo Acartia clusi

    Ricardo Palomares-García; José Bustillos-Guzmán; Band-Schmidt, Christine J.; David López-Corté; Bernd Luckas

    2006-01-01

    En este estudio se analiza la influencia de Gymnodinium catenatum Graham sobre la reproducción del copépodo Acartia clausi Giesbrecht. Se seleccionaron hembras maduras de A. clausi y se alimentaron con una mezcla de fitoplancton natural y G. catenatum en proporciones de 100:0%, 75:25%, 50:50%, 25:75% y 0:100%, respectivamente. Se evaluó el tipo y concentración de toxinas en la cepa de G. catenatum utilizada. No se detectaron efectos adversos ni parálisis de los copépodos alimentados con el di...

  7. Determining the Advantages, Costs, and Trade-Offs of a Novel Sodium Channel Mutation in the Copepod Acartia hudsonica to Paralytic Shellfish Toxins (PST.

    Michael Finiguerra

    Full Text Available The marine copepod Acartia hudsonica was shown to be adapted to dinoflagellate prey, Alexandrium fundyense, which produce paralytic shellfish toxins (PST. Adaptation to PSTs in other organisms is caused by a mutation in the sodium channel. Recently, a mutation in the sodium channel in A. hudsonica was found. In this study, we rigorously tested for advantages, costs, and trade-offs associated with the mutant isoform of A. hudsonica under toxic and non-toxic conditions. We combined fitness with wild-type: mutant isoform ratio measurements on the same individual copepod to test our hypotheses. All A. hudsonica copepods express both the wild-type and mutant sodium channel isoforms, but in different proportions; some individuals express predominantly mutant (PMI or wild-type isoforms (PWI, while most individuals express relatively equal amounts of each (EI. There was no consistent pattern of improved performance as a function of toxin dose for egg production rate (EPR, ingestion rate (I, and gross growth efficiency (GGE for individuals in the PMI group relative to individuals in the PWI expression group. Neither was there any evidence to indicate a fitness benefit to the mutant isoform at intermediate toxin doses. No clear advantage under toxic conditions was associated with the mutation. Using a mixed-diet approach, there was also no observed relationship between individual wild-type: mutant isoform ratios and among expression groups, on both toxic and non-toxic diets, for eggs produced over three days. Lastly, expression of the mutant isoform did not mitigate the negative effects of the toxin. That is, the reductions in EPR from a toxic to non-toxic diet for copepods were independent of expression groups. Overall, the results did not support our hypotheses; the mutant sodium channel isoform does not appear to be related to adaptation to PST in A. hudsonica. Other potential mechanisms responsible for the adaptation are discussed.

  8. Dinâmica da alimentação natural de Callinectes danae Smith (Decapoda, Portunidae na Lagoa da Conceição, Florianôpolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil Feeding natural dynamics of Callinectes danae Smith (Decapoda, Portunidae from Lagoa da conceição, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil

    Joaquim Olinto Branco

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available From March/91 to February/92 monthly collcction surveys were carried out to obtain basic information about the dynamics of feeding and trophic spectrum of C. danae Smith, 1869. A total of 456 males and 527 females were caught. The diet of the species was not sex related. The trophic spectrum of C. danae is composed by a high number of items. The 35 items were assembled in 14 categories and the feeding index was applied. Mollusca, Polychaeta and Crustacea were observed to be basic elements in the species diet, Osteichthyes and MOND appear as secondary resource whereas vegetal material were found to be of less importance.

  9. Oceanographic profile; phosphate, silicate and other measurements collected using bottle and high resolution CTD from the DANA, JAN MAYEN (LAHV) and other platforms in the Coastal N Atlantic, Arctic and other locations from 1995 to 1997 (NODC Accession 0000566)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profile, zooplankton, and nutrients data were collected using net and bottle casts from DANA and JAN MAYEN in the North Atlantic Ocean. Data were...

  10. Prevalensi Depresi pada Pensiunan Pegawai Negeri Sipil yang Mengambil Dana Pensiun di Bank BTPN Cabang M. Yamin Padang

    Finna Dwi Putri

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakPensiun seringkali dianggap sebagai kenyataan yang tidak menyenangkan sehingga menjelang masanya tiba, sebagian orang sudah merasa cemas karena tidak tahu kehidupan seperti apa yang akan dihadapi kelak. Individu yang memiliki kondisi mental yang tidak stabil sering menjadi akar penyebab terjadinya gangguan mental semasa pensiun yaitu depresi. Depresi merupakan salah satu gangguan mood yang ditandai oleh hilangnya perasaan kendali seseorang. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui prevalensi depresi pada pensiunan Pegawai Negeri Sipil yang mengambil dana pensiun di Bank BTPN Cabang M. Yamin Padang. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif dan subjek dipilih secara consecutive sampling dengan jumlah 277 orang. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah kuesioner Beck Depression Inventory dan hasil yang didapatkan disajikan dalam bentuk tabel distribusi frekuensi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa prevalensi depresi pada pensiunan Pegawai Negeri Sipil yang mengambil dana pensiun di Bank BTPN Cabang M. Yamin Padang sebesar 27,8%. Usia terbanyak berada pada kategori usia ≥60 tahun, gejala depresi terbanyak terjadi pada pensiunan laki-laki, prevalensi depresi terbanyak pada pensiunan Pegawai Negeri Sipil golongan IIIa. Prevalensi terbanyak adalah pensiunan yang menjalani lama pensiun ≤10 tahun.Kata kunci: depresi, pensiun, pegawai negeri sipil AbstractRetirement is often regarded as unpleasant fact that before it’s time comes, most people are worried because they do not know what kind of life to be faced later. Individuals who have an unstable mental condition is often the root causes of mental disorders during retirement i.e depression. Depression is a mood disorder characterized by loss of control of one’s feelings. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of depression in retired civil servants who take the retirement funds in BTPN Bank branch M. Yamin Padang. This was a descriptive study and subjects were chosen by

  11. Estrutura populacional de Armases angustipes (Dana (Decapoda, Brachyura, Grapsidae na Ilha do Farol, Matinhos, Paraná Population structurc of Armases angustipes (Dana (Decapoda, Brachyura, Grapsidae from Farol Island, Matinhos, Paraná

    Vânia G.L. Kowalczuk

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available Annual fluetuation of densities and population strueture of Armases angustipes (Dana, 1852 from a rocky shore at Farol Island, Matinhos, Paraná, Brazil (25º51'S and 48º32'W were studied. The population strueture was treated in the following aspects: sexual proportion, dial intensity of activities, size composition and its fluetuation, and general condition of the crabs. The collections were made monthly, from January to December 1991. The samples were obtained handly, in the morning and at night, at the supratidal zone during low tides. There were caught 1,139 crabs, among which 34 were juveniles, 544 males, 555 females and 4 ovigerous females. Population density was highest in April (19.56 ind.m"² and in October (23.86 ind.m"² . The sexual proportion was 1:1 in eleven months. Although the male crabs were more abundant than the females in May, there was not any statistical significam difference between the sexes. The activity of the population is intenser at night than at morning for both sexes. The recruitment of juveniles oceurs mainly in March, April and July. The condition factor in females is related to the reproduetive period. The population can migrate to the terrestrial habitat near the supratidal zone.

  12. Swimming and escape behavior of copepod nauplii: implications for predator-prey interactions among copepods

    Titelman, Josefin

    2001-01-01

    This study focuses on how prey behavior may affect predation risk through encounter rates and the escape success of the prey given an encounter. Temora longicornis nauplii require stronger hydrodynamic signals to elicit escape than Acartia tonsa nauplii (critical fluid deformation rates, Delta* o...... behavior of A. tonsa acts predominantly at the post-encounter stage where its sensitivity to hydrodynamic signals (i,e., low Delta*) effectively compensates for the high predator encounter rate generated by its motility....

  13. Effect of alternative mediums on production and proximate composition of the microalgae Chaetoceros muelleri as food in culture of the copepod Acartia sp. Efecto de medios alternativos sobre la producción y composición proximal de la microalga Chaetoceros muelleri como alimento en cultivo del copépodo Acartia sp.

    Luis R Martínez-Córdova

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Microalgae Chaetoceros muelleri was cultured in three different mediums consisting on an agricultural fertilizer (Agr-F, aquacultural fertilizer (Aq-F and a conventional medium (F/2, control. These microalgae were later used as natural food to culture the copepod Acartia sp. The productive response and chemical proximate composition of microalgae and copepods were monitored. Growth rate and final cell concentration were higher in microalgae cultured in Agr-F compared to the control. In addition, the final biomass and cellular concentration were also the highest in Agr-F. Microalgae from Agr-F and Aq-F had higher carbohydrate and lower protein contents than those in the control. No differences in lipid and ash contents were observed. Regarding copepod production, higher densities and fecundity indexes were observed for those fed with microalgae previously cultured in Agr-F and Aq-F, compared to the control. The adult-nauplii ratio was also higher in copepods fed on microalgae from Agr-F compared to Aq-F and control. Copepods fed on Agr-F and Aq-F microalgae, had higher protein content compared to those fed on control microalgae; carbohydrates were higher in copepods fed on Agr-F as compared to Aq-F microalgae. No differences in lipid and ash contents were registered. Agr-F and Aq-F were adequate alternative mediums to produce C. muelleri, which produced higher quality microalgae that increased the copepod production.La microalga Chaetoceros muelleri fue cultivada en tres medios diferentes basados en un fertilizante agrícola (Agr-F, un fertilizante acuícola (Aq-F y un medio convencional (F/2, control. Éstas microalgas fueron posteriormente utilizadas como alimento natural para cultivar el copépodo Acartia sp. La respuesta productiva y la composición proximal de las microalgas y copépodos fueron monitoreadas. La tasa de crecimiento y concentración final de células fueron mayores en la microalga cultivada en Agr-F, comparada con el control

  14. Svečano misno slavlje povodom proslave 24. svjetskog dana bolesnika [Zagreb, 11. veljače 2016. godine] The solemn mass to celebrate the 24st World Day of the Sick [Zagreb, February 11st 2016

    Bišćan, Josipa

    2016-01-01

    Svjetski dan bolesnika utemeljio je papa Ivan Pavo II. 13. svibnja 1992. godine. I ove 2016. Godine, povodom obilježavanja 24. svjetskog dana bolesnika u prepunoj Crkvi sv. Vinka u Frankopanskoj, u Zagrebu, u četvrtak, 11. veljače održano je svečano misno slavlje. Hrvatska udruga medicinskih sestara [HUMS] i Hrvatska konferencija viših redovničkih poglavara i poglavarica već dugi niz godina tradicionalno organiziraju proslavu Svjetskog dana bolesnika. Sveto misno slavl...

  15. Biti pastir mladih danas

    Attard, Fabio

    2009-01-01

    Autor razmišlja kao odgajatelj koji, slijedeći svoga učitelja don Bosca, u središte stavlja odgajanika kao osobu u potrazi za smislom. Svjestan da je čovjek Božje stvorenje koje Bog ljubi, autor slijedi don Boscovu metodu i želi biti blizu mladima. To znači potaknuti u njima volju za rastom, s odvažnošću gledati prema gore i život doživljavati kao dar. Stoga pastir mladih koji odgovara na Kristov poziv i djeluje po don Boscovoj metodi, nastoji slušati pripovijedanje mladih i njihove povijesti...

  16. Biological processes in the North Sea: vertical distribution and reproduction of neritic copepods in relation to environmental factors

    Koski, Marja; Jonasdottir, Sigrun; Bagøien, Espen

    2011-01-01

    Sea. We observed a higher egg production of cultured Acartia tonsa when fed with the seston from chlorophyll maximum, but no evidence of a higher copepod abundance in this layer. Secondary production was highest at the station closest to the upwelling of new nutrients, although seasonal differences in...

  17. Copepod recruitment and food composition : Do diatoms affect hatching success?

    Jonasdottir, Sigrun; Kiørboe, Thomas

    1996-01-01

    Laboratory experiments were conducted to differentiate between factors controlling the hatching success of copepod eggs. Factors that could affect viability of eggs; viz food quality, female condition and external factors were investigated. In a series of experiments the copepod Acartia tonsa Dan...

  18. Diatom production in the marine environment : implications for larval fish growth and condition

    St. John, Michael; Clemmesen, C.; Lund, T.; Köster, Fritz

    2001-01-01

    ) the dinoflagellate Heterocapsa triquetra (c) the flagellate Rhodomonas baltica: (d) a diet composed of both Skeletonema and Heterocapsa food chains (1: 1), and (e) a starvation group. These algae were fed to cultures of adult Acartia tonsa. Copepod eggs were collected, hatched. and the NI nauplii...

  19. Whole Effluent Assessment of urban discharges

    Lützhøft, Hans-Christian Holten; Qualmann, Signe; Kusk, Kresten Ole;

    2011-01-01

    (WEA) to identify problematic urban discharges, e.g. stormwater, municipal wastewater, combined sewer overflow (CSO), industrial wastewater. Samples from around Copenhagen were therefore tested in the Larval Development Ratio (LDR) test using the marine crustacean Acartia tonsa. The number of non...

  20. Fight and flight in dinoflagellates?

    Selander, Erik; Fagerberg, Tony; Wohlrab, Sylke;

    2012-01-01

    We monitored the kinetics of grazer-induced responses in the marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium tamarense. Chemical cues from each of three calanoid copepods (Calanus sp., Centropages typicus, and Acartia tonsa) induced increased toxicity and suppressed chain formation in A. tamarense. Both chemic...

  1. Redescription of Oulactis concinnata (Drayton in Dana, 1846) (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Actiniidae), an actiniid sea anemone from Chile and Perú with special fighting tentacles; with a preliminary revision of the genera with a “frond-like” marginal ruff

    Häussermann, V.

    2003-01-01

    Two species of sea anemones with a conspicuous marginal ruff of frond-like structures encompassing the tentacular crown occur on the Chilean coast. Oulactis concinnata (= Isoulactis chilensis) (Drayton in Dana, 1846) is re-described in detail and further information is provided for Oulactis coliumen

  2. Survival of Mexican Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia under Treatment with the Protocol from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute 00-01

    Elva Jiménez-Hernández

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Our aim in this paper is to describe the results of treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL in Mexican children treated from 2006 to 2010 under the protocol from the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI 00-01. The children were younger than 16 years of age and had a diagnosis of ALL de novo. The patients were classified as standard risk if they were 1–9.9 years old and had a leucocyte count 100 × 109/L. The poor outcomes were associated with toxic death during induction, complete remission, and relapse. These factors remain the main obstacles to the success of this treatment in our population.

  3. Dana RAPPOPORT : Chants de la terre aux trois sangs. Musiques rituelles des Toraja de l’île de Sulawesi, Indonésie

    Chemillier, Marc

    2013-01-01

    L’ouvrage que vient de publier Dana Rappoport est un monument hors du commun. Présenté sous la forme d’un coffret, il se compose de deux livres et d’un DVD-ROM. Le premier livre est un récit ethnographique. Le second est un spicilège, mot désuet signifiant choix de morceaux, qui présente les textes de nombreux chants en version bilingue complétée par un appareil critique qui rappelle, par son souci du détail, les poèmes nzakara dont Éric de Dampierre avait établi de si précieuses éditions (19...

  4. The frequency and management of asparaginase-related thrombosis in paediatric and adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia treated on Dana-Farber Cancer Institute consortium protocols.

    Grace, Rachael F; Dahlberg, Suzanne E; Neuberg, Donna; Sallan, Stephen E; Connors, Jean M; Neufeld, Ellis J; Deangelo, Daniel J; Silverman, Lewis B

    2011-02-01

    The optimal management of asparaginase-associated thrombotic complications is not well-defined. We report the features, management and outcome of paediatric (ages 0-18years) and adult (18-50years) patients with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) with asparaginase-related venous thromboembolic events (VTE) treated at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute on clinical trials for newly diagnosed ALL between 1991-2008. Of 548 patients, 43 (8%) had VTE, including 27/501 (5%) paediatric and 16/47 (34%) adult patients. Sinus venous thrombosis occurred in 1·6% of patients. Age was the only significant predictor of VTE, with those aged >30years at very high risk (VTE rate 42%). 74% of patients received low molecular weight heparin after VTE. Complications of anticoagulation included epistaxis (9%), bruising (2%) and, in two adult patients, major bleeding. Thirty patients (70%) ultimately received at least 85% of the intended doses of asparaginase. 33% of patients experienced recurrent VTE (paediatric 17% vs. adults 47%, P=0·07). The 48-month event-free survival for patients with VTE was 85±6% compared with 88±2% for those without VTE (P=0·36). This study confirms that, after VTE, asparaginase can be restarted with closely monitored anticoagulation after imaging demonstrates clot stabilization or improvement. With this management strategy, a history of VTE does not appear to adversely impact prognosis. PMID:21210774

  5. Use of phytoplankton pigments in estimating food selection of three marine copepods

    Oechsler-Christensen, B.; Jonasdottir, Sigrun; Henriksen, P.; Hansen, P.J.

    2012-01-01

    , Temora longicornis and Acartia tonsa, as well as in their faecal pellets. The fate of the phytoplankton pigments was studied in A. tonsa fed a diatom and a cryptophyte at a low and a high prey concentration. The concentration of gut pigments generally declined rapidly within the first 5–10 min after...... feeding terminated. The decline in pigment concentration was faster in copepods fed high concentrations of phytoplankton and specially when fed the diatom. However, after 3h of no feeding only minor changes in gut pigment composition were found mainly in alloxanthin, chlorophyll a and diadinoxanthin...

  6. Man-induced hydrological changes, metazooplankton communities and invasive species in the Berre Lagoon (Mediterranean Sea, France)

    The Berre Lagoon has been under strong anthropogenic pressure since the early 1950s. The opening of the hydroelectric EDF power plant in 1966 led to large salinity drops. The zooplankton community was mainly composed of two common brackish species: Acartia tonsa and Brachionus plicatilis. Since 2006, European litigation has strongly constrained the input of freshwater, maintaining the salinity above 15. A study was performed between 2008 and 2010 to evaluate how these modifications have impacted the zooplankton community. Our results show that the community is more diverse and contains several coastal marine species (i.e., Centropages typicus, Paracalanus parvus and Acartia clausi). A. tonsa is still present but is less abundant, whereas B. plicatilis has completely disappeared. Strong predatory marine species, such as chaetognaths, the large conspicuous autochtonous jellyfish Aurelia aurita and the invasive ctenophore Mnemiopsis leidyi, are now very common as either seasonal or permanent features of the lagoon.

  7. ANALISIS PENYALURAN DANA BANK SYARIAH

    Siswati

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to describe the characteristics of Third Party Funds (TPF, Non-Performing Financing (NPF, Bank Indonesia Certificates Wadiah (SWBI, and funds Islamic Bank Mega Indonesia. Moreover to analyze the influence of DPK, NPF, and the bonus SWBI simultaneously or partially on the distribution of funds provided by the Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia. The sample in this study is the monthly financial report of Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia in 2005-2007. The results of this research showed that DPK, NPF, and Bonus SWBI simultaneous effect on the distribution of funds committed by Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia at 99.2% and the remaining 0.8% influenced by other factors that are not revealed in this study. DPK is partially positive and significant effect on the distribution of funds Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia at 98.65%, while the NPF and Bonus SWBI insignificant effect on the partial distribution of funds committed by Bank Syariah Mega Indonesia.

  8. Host-specific and pH-dependent microbiomes of copepods in an extensive rearing system

    Skovgaard, Alf; Castro Mejia, Josue Leonardo; Hansen, Lars Hestbjerg;

    2015-01-01

    gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) analysis, a clear difference was found between the microbiomes of the two copepod species, Acartia tonsa and Centropages hamatus, present in the system. This pattern was corroborated through 454/FLX-based 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing of copepod microbiomes, which...... furthermore showed that the abiotic parameters pH and oxygen concentration in rearing tank water were the key factors influencing composition of copepod microbiomes....

  9. Measuring selectivity of feeding by estuarine copepods using image analysis combined with microscopic and Coulter counting

    Tackx, M.L.M.; Zhu, L.; De Coster, W.; Billones, R.G.; Daro, M.H.

    1995-01-01

    Although estuarine zooplankters are generally believed to be detritivorous, high clearance rates by the estuarine copepods Eurytemora affinis and Acartia tonsa on natural estuarine microplankton have been reported in the literature. In order to enable detection of possible selectivity for these microplankton organisms over detritus, a method that measures clearance rates on total particulate matter is proposed. Image analysis is used to measure copepod gut contents, and combined with Coulter ...

  10. O ‘piscima između’: od Ive Andrića do današnjih pisaca stiješnjenih između dva (ili više) jezika i kultura

    Škvorc, Boris; Lujanović, Nebojša

    2010-01-01

    Ovaj rad predstavlja pokušaj da se nasljeđe Ive Andrića i njegova ‘pozicioniranja između“ promotri u odnosu na pisce koji danas pišu ‘između kultura i između jezika’. Otvarajući se interkulturalnosti i dvostrukom identitetu, pisci bosanskog podrijetla koje je iz vlastita prostora ‘izvlastio’ rat u Bosni i Hercegovini, postali su pisci interkulturalna naboja koje je teško bez rezerve svrstati u određeni (samo jedan) niz nacionalne književnosti i pripadnosti određenom povijesno zadanom generičk...

  11. 斑马鱼发育过程中DANA相关基因的定量分析%Quantitative Analysis of Expressions of DANA Related Genes during Development of Zebrafish

    韩亚伟; 汤永涛; 陈利平; 左婷婷

    2013-01-01

    DANA is a family of short interspersed nuclear elements,which widely exists in zebrafish genome. The relative expressions of DANA related genes, mulla and er-Gicp2 ,were detected in zebrafish ontogenesis by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. The results showed that the relative expression of mulla had no obvious difference from 1 cell stage to 1 000 cell stage,but obviously down-regulated from sphere stage and reached the lowest at shield stage,only about 0. 009 times as that of 1 cell stage. The relative expression of er-Gicp2 gene is persistently down-regulated from 1 cell stage to adult,and the relative expression of adult was only 0. 023 times as that of 1 cell stage.%DANA是广泛分布于斑马鱼基因组中的一个短散在核重复序列家族,通过实时荧光定量PCR相对定量方法,检测与DANA相关基因mul1a、er-Gicp2在斑马鱼整个个体发育过程中的相对表达量.结果显示:mul1a基因在1细胞期到1 000细胞期,即早期卵裂期内表达量差异不明显,从sphere时期到成体时期,其表达量显著性下调,并在shield时期降到最小值,为1细胞时期的0.009倍;er-Gicp2基因从2细胞到成体时期持续下调,到成体时期其表达量只有1细胞时期的0.023倍.

  12. Ecotoxicity and genotoxicity of cadmium in different marine trophic levels.

    Pavlaki, Maria D; Araújo, Mário J; Cardoso, Diogo N; Silva, Ana Rita R; Cruz, Andreia; Mendo, Sónia; Soares, Amadeu M V M; Calado, Ricardo; Loureiro, Susana

    2016-08-01

    Cadmium ecotoxicity and genotoxicity was assessed in three representative species of different trophic levels of marine ecosystems - the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa, the decapod shrimp, Palaemon varians and the pleuronectiform fish Solea senegalensis. Ecotoxicity endpoints assessed in this study were adult survival, hatching success and larval development ratio (LDR) for A. tonsa, survival of the first larval stage (zoea I) and post-larvae of P. varians, egg and larvae survival, as well as the presence of malformations in the larval stage of S. senegalensis. In vivo genotoxicity was assessed on adult A. tonsa, the larval and postlarval stage of P. varians and newly hatched larvae of S. senegalensis using the comet assay. Results showed that the highest sensitivity to cadmium is displayed by A. tonsa, with the most sensitive endpoint being the LDR of nauplii to copepodites. Sole eggs displayed the highest tolerance to cadmium compared to the other endpoints evaluated for all tested species. Recorded cadmium toxicity was (by increasing order): S. senegalensis eggs < P. varians post-larvae < P. varians zoea I < S. senegalensis larvae < A. tonsa eggs < A. tonsa LDR. DNA damage to all species exposed to cadmium increased with increasing concentrations. Overall, understanding cadmium chemical speciation is paramount to reliably evaluate the effects of this metal in marine ecosystems. Cadmium is genotoxic to all three species tested and therefore may differentially impact individuals and populations of marine taxa. As A. tonsa was the most sensitive species and occupies a lower trophic level, it is likely that cadmium contamination may trigger bottom-up cascading effects in marine trophic interactions. PMID:27203468

  13. Comparison of three marine screening tests and four Oslo and Paris Commission procedures to evaluate toxicity of offshore chemicals

    Weideborg, M.; Vik, E.A.; Oefjord, G.D.; Kjoennoe, O. [Aquateam-Norwegian Water Technology Centre A/S, Oslo (Norway)

    1997-02-01

    The results from the screening toxicity tests Artemia salina, Microtox{reg_sign}, and Mitochondria RET test were compared with those obtained from OSPAR (Oslo and Paris Commissions)-authorized procedures for testing of offshore chemicals (Skeletonema costatum, Acartia tonsa, Abra alba, and Corophium volutator). In this study 82 test substances (26 non-water soluble) were included. The Microtox test was found to be the most sensitive of the three screening tests. Microtox and Mitochondria RET test results showed good correlation with results from Acartia and Skeletonema testing, and it was concluded that the Microtox test was a suitable screening test as a base for assessment of further testing, especially regarding water-soluble chemicals. Sensitivity of Artemia salina to the tested chemicals was too low for it to be an appropriate bioassay organism for screening testing. A very good correlation was found between the results obtained with the Skeletonema and Acartia tests. The results indicated no need for more than one of the Skeletonema or Acartia tests if the Skeletonema median effective concentration or Acartia median lethal concentration was greater than 200 mg/L. The sediment-reworker tests (A. Alba or C. volutator) for chemicals that are likely to end up in the sediments (non-water soluble or surfactants) should be performed, independent of results from screening tests and other OSPAR species.

  14. DANAE: simulador de propiedades fisicoquímicas como una combinación entre la racionalización más pura y profunda y la medición experimental más tactual y empirica

    Daniel Bogoya Maldonado

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este articulo pretende ilustrar una combinación entre la razón y la experiencia para estimar propiedades fisicoquímicas, útiles para el cálculo de balances de materia y energia, de uso frecuente en ingenleria quimica. Igualmente, presenta el sistema DANAE, desarrollado para calcular interactivamente por microcomputador seis propiedades de compuestos puros y cinco de mezclas (hasta de quince componentes, basado en un banco de datos (de tamaño 250 KB Y dos programas principales (de tamaño 80 KB.

  15. Acute toxicity of eight oil spill response chemicals to temperate, boreal, and Arctic species.

    Hansen, Bjørn Henrik; Altin, Dag; Bonaunet, Kristin; Overjordet, Ida Beathe

    2014-01-01

    The objectives of this study were to (1) determine the acute toxicity of selected shoreline washing agents (SWA) and dispersants, and (2) assess interspecies differences in sensitivity to the products. Eight shoreline washing agents (Hela saneringsvæske, Bios, Bioversal, Absorrep K212, and Corexit 9580) and chemical dispersants (Corexit 9500, Dasic NS, and Gamlen OD4000) were tested on five marine species, algae Skeletonema costatum, planktonic copepod species Acartia tonsa (temperate species), Calanus finmarchicus (boreal species) and Calanus glacialis (Arctic species), and benthic amphipod Corophium volutator. For most products, A. tonsa was the most sensitive species, whereas C. volutator was the least sensitive; however, these species were exposed through different media (water/sediment). In general, all copepod species displayed a relatively similar sensitivity to all products. However, A. tonsa was somewhat more sensitive than other copepods to most of the tested products. Thus, A. tonsa appears to be a candidate species for boreal and Arctic copepods for acute toxicity testing, and data generated on this species may be used as to provide conservative estimates. The benthic species (C. volutator) had a different sensitivity pattern relative to pelagic species, displaying higher sensitivity to solvent-based SWA than to water-based SWA. Comparing product toxicity, the dispersants were in general most toxic while the solvent-based SWA were least toxic to pelagic species. PMID:24754387

  16. Studij stomatologije u Rijeci danas i sutra

    Gržić, Renata

    2004-01-01

    Okrugle obljetnice ustanova u kojima radimo potaknu ljude kojima je stalo do onoga čime se bave da naprave raščlambu, retrospektivu, pogled u budućnost ili neki drugi oblik vrjednovanja svojega posla. Ukoliko je ustanova u kojoj se radi znanstvena, nastavna i zdravstvena, tad je osnovni problem ne ispustiti neku važnu pojedinost.

  17. Zooplankton Hydrodynamics

    Wadhwa, Navish

    flow disturbances that may attract predators. The first part of this thesis attempts to quantify the trade-offs associated with the swimming behaviour of diverse zooplankton. We measured the swimming kinematics and flow fields around the 'jumping' copepod Acartia tonsa at various stages of its life....... We studied how sensing modes and their respective ranges depend on body size. We investigated the physiological constraints on sense organs, together with the physics of signal generation, transmission, and reception. Our analysis revealed a hierarchy of sensing modes - with increasing size, a larger...

  18. Making Sense of Protists – aspects of phototaxis and chemo sensory behavior

    Moldrup, Morten

    on copepod fecal pellets was studied for 3 species of mixotrophic dinoflagellates and 4 species of heterotrophic dinoflagellates using a combination of video recordings of feeding behavior and classic incubation experiments. Fecal pellets offered were produced by adult Acartia tonsa on Rhodomonas...... rates of M. rubrum fed these cryptophytes were measured. In addition, cells of M. rubrum were analyzed for type of chloroplast using transmission electron microscopy and DNA sequences of the nucleomorph LSU. We found that M. rubrum ingested all the offered cryptophyte species, but it was unable to...

  19. Comparing observed and modelled growth of larval herring (Clupea harengus): Testing individual-based model parameterisations

    Hauss, Helena; Peck, M.A.

    2009-01-01

    Experiments that directly test larval fish individual-based model (IBM) growth predictions are uncommon since it is difficult to simultaneously measure all relevant metabolic and behavioural attributes. We compared observed and modelled somatic growth of larval herring (Clupea harengus) in short-term (50 degree-day) laboratory trials conducted at 7 and 13°C in which larvae were either unfed or fed ad libitum on different prey sizes (~100 to 550 μm copepods, Acartia tonsa). The larval specific...

  20. AB'de Sığır ve Dana Eti Ortak Piyasa Düzeni ve Türkiye Açısından Bir Değerlendirme / Common Market Organization as Beef and Veal in European Union and an Evaluation from the Point of View of Turkey

    Aksoy, Adem

    2011-01-01

    ÖZET: AB’de ticareti yapılan ürünlerin tamamına yakını Ortak Tarım Politikası uygulama araçlarından birisi olan Ortak PiyasaDüzenine göre yapılmaktadır. Ortak Piyasa Düzenine dahil olan 22 adet ürün bulunmaktadır. Bu ürünlerden biriside sığır ve danaeti ortak piyasa düzenidir. Türkiye’nin AB’ne uyum kapsamı içinde sığır ve dana eti ortak piyasa düzenlemesine uyum sağlamasıgerekmektedir. Bu ç...

  1. Pengaruh Dana Bagi Hasil Pajak, Dana Bagi Hasil Bukan Pajak, Dan Dana Alokasi Umum Terhadap Pengalokasian Anggaran Belanja Modal Pada Pemerintahan Kabupaten/Kota Di Provinsi Sumatera Selatan

    Junita, Ester

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to determine whether Tax Product Shared Fund, Nature Resources Product Shared Fund, and General Allocation Fund to The Capital Expenditures Budget Allocation at Districts or Cities Administration Of South Sumatera either simultaneously or partially. The population of this research is the districts or cities administration of South Sumatra which published the Budget Report and Budget Realization Report on 2009-2012. Samples were taken by using purposive sampling...

  2. Prirodne znanosti i religija danas - prilog promišljanju

    Balabanić, Josip

    2006-01-01

    U ovome se članku raspravlja o odnosu prirodoslovlja i religije u novome vijeku te postavlja pitanje njihova odnosa u postmoderno doba. Polazeći od činjenice da su, pojavom novovjekovne prirodne znanosti i sekularizma u humanističkim znanostima, nastale »dvije kulture« unutar kojih je religija najčešće bila predmet sukobljavanja, autor se zalaže za izgradnju odnosa komplementarnosti. Pokazuje kako je pripadnicima »obiju kultura«, prirodoslovcima i pripadnicima humanističkih znanosti, među koj...

  3. Efektivitas Pengaruh Besaran Biaya Promosi Dalam Penghimpunan Dana Pihak Ketiga

    Puji Lestari

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Effectiveness The Promotion Cost in Fundrasing the Third Party FundsPromotion is one important variable in marketing mix to promote the services. The promotion activities is not just as the communication tools between company and consumers, but also as the tools to influence the purchase behavior from the consumer to but the services that offered by the company. This things has done by the promotion tools. DOI: 10.15408/aiq.v1i2.2461

  4. KOGNITIVNE SPOLNE RAZLIKE: JUČER, DANAS, SUTRA

    ZAREVSKI, Predrag; MATEŠIĆ, Krunoslav; Matešić ml., Krunoslav

    2010-01-01

    U radu se analiziraju kognitivne spolne razlike. Članak opisuje važne radove od početka 20. stoljeća sve do rezultata najrecentnijih istraživanja i metaanaliza. Usmjeren je na istraživanja kojima je cilj bio provjeriti spolne razlike i u g-faktoru inteligencije i na razini užih faktora inteligencije. Prikazani su i radovi koji se bave nejednakim razvojem inteligencije u predadolescentskoj i adolescentskoj dobi u funkciji spola. U ovome se radu jasno vide problemi na koje ...

  5. Dana-Farber Cancer Institute | Office of Cancer Genomics

    Functional Annotation of Cancer Genomes Principal Investigator: William C. Hahn, M.D., Ph.D. The comprehensive characterization of cancer genomes has and will continue to provide an increasingly complete catalog of genetic alterations in specific cancers. However, most epithelial cancers harbor hundreds of genetic alterations as a consequence of genomic instability. Therefore, the functional consequences of the majority of mutations remain unclear.

  6. Feeding on copepod fecal pellets: a new trophic role of dinoflagellates as detritivores

    Poulsen, Louise K.; Moldrup, M.; Berge, T.; Hansen, P.J.

    2011-01-01

    dinoflagellates (3 species) using a combination of classic incubation experiments and video recordings of feeding behavior. Fecal pellets were produced by adult Acartia tonsa feeding on Rhodomonas salina. Two mixotrophic species (Karlodinium armiger, a gymnodinoid dinoflagellate, Gy1) and all heterotrophic......Recent field studies indicate that dinoflagellates are key degraders of copepod fecal pellets. This study is the first to publish direct evidence of pellet grazing by dinoflagellates. Feeding and growth on copepod fecal pellets were studied for both heterotrophic (4 species) and mixotrophic.......3 ml cell−1 d−1 were obtained for G. spirale and P. depressum, respectively. Pellet feeding resulted in average growth rates of 0.69 and 0.08 d−1 with growth yields of 0.58 and 0.50 for G. spirale and P. depressum. Important factors for the grazing impact of the dinoflagellates on fecal pellets in this...

  7. Encounter rates and swimming behavior of pause-travel and cruise larval fish predators in calm and turbulent laboratory environments

    MacKenzie, Brian; Kiørboe, Thomas

    1995-01-01

    We observed the feeding and swimming behavior of freely swimming cod (Gadus morhua) and herring (Clupea harengus) larvae in calm and turbulent (epsilon = similar to 7.4 x 10(-8) m(2) s(-3)) laboratory environments at limiting and satiating abundances of Acartia tonsa prey. Attack position rates (a...... herring larvae were higher in turbulent water than in calm water, but the difference was not significant. Interspecific differences in swimming and pausing behavior were related to differences in prey search strategy used by the two species (cod: pause-travel; herring: cruise). We used a newly developed...... turbulence levels, the pause-travel model predicts higher encounter rates than does the cruise model. In terms of prey encounter rate, cod larvae benefit more from turbulent motion than do herring larvae. However, aspects of larval behavior other than prey search strategy (e.g. prey capture success) need to...

  8. Influence of UVB radiation on the lethal and sublethal toxicity of dispersed crude oil to planktonic copepod nauplii

    Almeda, Rodrigo; Harvey, Tracy E.; Connelly, Tara L;

    2016-01-01

    Toxic effects of petroleum to marine zooplankton have been generally investigated using dissolved petroleum hydrocarbons and in the absence of sunlight. In this study, we determined the influence of natural ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation on the lethal and sublethal toxicity of dispersed crude oil...... to naupliar stages of the planktonic copepods Acartia tonsa, Temora turbinata and Pseudodiaptomus pelagicus. Low concentrations of dispersed crude oil (1 μL L(-1)) caused a significant reduction in survival, growth and swimming activity of copepod nauplii after 48 h of exposure. UVB radiation increased...... toxicity of dispersed crude oil by 1.3-3.8 times, depending on the experiment and measured variables. Ingestion of crude oil droplets may increase photoenhanced toxicity of crude oil to copepod nauplii by enhancing photosensitization. Photoenhanced sublethal toxicity was significantly higher when T...

  9. Towards an internationally harmonized test method for reproductive and developmental effects of endocrine disrupters in marine copepods

    Kusk, Kresten Ole; Wollenberger, Leah

    2007-01-01

    New and updated methods to detect and characterize endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are urgently needed for the purpose of environmental risk assessment since these substances are often not detected using existing chronic toxicity tests. Numerous reports on the effects of EDCs on crustacean...... development and reproduction have been published and the development of life-cycle tests with crustaceans has been prioritized within the OECD work program for endocrine disrupter testing and assessment. As a result, Sweden, and Denmark initiated a proposal for development of a full life-cycle test with...... marine copepods (Acartia tonsa, Nitocra spinipes, Tisbe battagliai, and Amphiascus tenuiremis). The present paper gives an overview on the endocrine system of crustaceans with special emphasis on development and reproduction, which are targets for endocrine disruption, and reviews available methods for...

  10. Chemical comparison and acute toxicity of water accommodated fraction (WAF) of source and field collected Macondo oils from the Deepwater Horizon spill.

    Faksness, Liv-Guri; Altin, Dag; Nordtug, Trond; Daling, Per S; Hansen, Bjørn Henrik

    2015-02-15

    Two Source oils and five field collected oil residues from the Deepwater Horizon incident were chemically characterized. Water accommodated fractions (WAFs) of the Source oils and two of the field-weathered oils were prepared to evaluate the impact of natural weathering on the chemical composition and the acute toxicity of the WAFs. Toxicity test species representing different tropic levels were used (the primary producer Skeletonema costatum (algae) and the herbivorous copepod Acartia tonsa). The results suggest that the potential for acute toxicity is higher in WAFs from non-weathered oils than WAFs from the field weathered oils. The Source oils contained a large fraction of soluble and bioavailable components (such as BTEX (benzene, toluene, ethyl benzene, xylenes) and naphthalene), whereas in the surface collected oils these components were depleted by dissolution into the water column as the oil rose to the surface and by evaporative loss after reaching the sea surface. PMID:25534626

  11. Hydrodynamics and energetics of jumping copepod nauplii and copepodids

    Wadhwa, Navish; Andersen, Anders Peter; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    , we measured the swimming kinematics and fluid flow around jumping Acartia tonsa at different stages of its life cycle, using particle image velocimetry and particle tracking velocimetry. We found that the flow structures around nauplii and copepodids are topologically different, with one and two......Within its life cycle, a copepod goes through drastic changes in size, shape and swimming mode. In particular, there is a stark difference between the early (nauplius) and later (copepodid) stages. Copepods inhabit an intermediate Reynolds number regime (between similar to 1 and 100) where both...... viscosity and inertia are potentially important, and the Reynolds number changes by an order of magnitude during growth. Thus we expect the life stage related changes experienced by a copepod to result in hydrodynamic and energetic differences, ultimately affecting the fitness. To quantify these differences...

  12. Nutritional quality of two cyanobacteria : How rich is 'poor' food?

    Schmidt, K.; Jonasdottir, Sigrun

    1997-01-01

    Cyanobacteria have often been described to be nutritionally inadequate and to interfere with zooplankton feeding. In laboratory experiments we offered 2 cyanobacteria, a unicellular Microcystis aeruginosa strain and the filamentous Nodularia sprumigena, to the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa...... as the sole diet and in food mixtures with the nutritious diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii. Egg production was used as criterion of food quality. The use of cyanobacteria alone was an insufficient diet. However, with increasing additions of M. aeruginosa and N. spumigena to the diatom, different effects were...... observed. Large additions of cyanobacteria resulted in lower egg production and often in elevated mortality of the females, but small additions of M. aeruginosa caused an increase of about 25 % in egg production compared to a pure diatom diet. The influence of similar low concentrations of N. spumigena...

  13. Predator avoidance by nauplii

    Titelman, Josefin; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2003-01-01

    upwards and also away from the flow, and are thus able to assess direction of flow. Sensitivity to hydrodynamic signals is tightly linked to the general motility pattern. Hydrodynamically conspicuous nauplii that move in a jump-sink pattern are more effective at remotely detecting predators than are...... continuous swimmers of similar size. We assessed the effects of different motility strategies in terms of detectability and volume encounter with copepod predators by means of simple hydrodynamic models. While jump-sink type nauplii may be at an advantage over swimmers in interactions with sinking and......We examined anti-predation strategies in relation to motility patterns for early and late nauplii of 6 species of copepods (Calanus helgolandicus, Centropages typicus, Eurytemora affinis, Euterpina acutifrons, Acartia tonsa and Temora longicornis). Remote detection and escape abilities were...

  14. Prey detection and prey capture in copepod nauplii

    Bruno, Eleonora; Borg, Marc Andersen; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    (Temora longicornis). We demonstrate that the ambush feeders both detect motile prey remotely. Prey detection elicits an attack jump, but the jump is not directly towards the prey, such as has been described for adult copepods. Rather, the nauplius jumps past the prey and sets up an intermittent feeding......Copepod nauplii are either ambush feeders that feed on motile prey or they produce a feeding current that entrains prey cells. It is unclear how ambush and feeding-current feeding nauplii perceive and capture prey. Attack jumps in ambush feeding nauplii should not be feasible at low Reynolds...... numbers due to the thick viscous boundary layer surrounding the attacking nauplius. We use high-speed video to describe the detection and capture of phytoplankton prey by the nauplii of two ambush feeding species (Acartia tonsa and Oithona davisae) and by the nauplii of one feeding-current feeding species...

  15. The kinematics of swimming and relocation jumps in copepod nauplii

    Borg, Marc Andersen; Bruno, Eleonora; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    Copepod nauplii move in a world dominated by viscosity. Their swimming-by-jumping propulsion mode, with alternating power and recovery strokes of three pairs of cephalic appendages, is fundamentally different from the way other microplankters move. Protozoans move using cilia or flagella, and...... copepodites are equipped with highly specialized swimming legs. In some species the nauplius may also propel itself more slowly through the water by beating and rotating the appendages in a different, more complex pattern. We use high-speed video to describe jumping and swimming in nauplii of three species of...... pelagic copepods: Temora longicornis, Oithona davisae and Acartia tonsa. The kinematics of jumping is similar between the three species. Jumps result in a very erratic translation with no phase of passive coasting and the nauplii move backwards during recovery strokes. This is due to poorly synchronized...

  16. Lipid nanocapsules as a new delivery system in copepods: Toxicity studies and optical imaging.

    Stancheva, Stefka; Souissi, Anissa; Ibrahim, Ali; Barras, Alexandre; Spriet, Corentin; Souissi, Sami; Boukherroub, Rabah

    2015-11-01

    In this paper, we investigated the potential of lipid nanocapsules (LNCs) as a delivery system of small hydrophobic molecules, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) - pyrene, fluoranthene, phenanthrene, in the copepod Acartia tonsa. The LNCs were produced by a phase inversion process with a nominal size of 50 nm. These nanocapsules were obtained without organic solvent and with pharmaceutically acceptable excipients. The PAHs-LNCs displayed a stable monodisperse size distribution and a good stability in sea water for 7 days. By using fluorescent LNCs, it was possible to evidence LNCs ingestion by the copepods using confocal laser scanning microscopy. While blank LNCs are not toxic to copepods at tested concentrations, PAH-loaded LNCs were found to be very toxic on A. tonsa with a high mortality rate reaching 95% after 72 h exposure to 200 nM pyrene-loaded LNCs. On the other hand, when acetone is used to dissolve an equivalent concentration of PAHs in sea water, the copepod mortality is 10 times lower than using LNCs as nano-delivery system. This confirms the efficiency of using LNCs to deliver molecules directly in the gut or copepod carapace. The small size and non toxicity of these delivery nano-systems make them suitable for drug delivery to copepods. PMID:26280818

  17. Effect of advection on variations in zooplankton at a single location near Cabo Nazca, Peru

    Smith, S L; Brink, K H; Santander, H; Cowles, T J; Huyer, A

    1980-04-01

    Temporal variations in the biomass and species composition of zooplankton at a single midshelf station in an upwelling area off Peru can be explained to a large extent by onshore-offshore advection in the upper 20 m of the water column. During periods of strong or sustained near-surface onshore flow, peaks in biomass of zooplankton were observed at midshelf and typically oceanic species of copepod were collected. In periods of offshore flow at the surface, a copepod capable of migrating into oxygen-depleted layers deeper than 30 m was collected. A simple translocation model of advection applied to the cross-shelf distribution of Paracalanus parvus suggests that the fluctuations in P. pavus observed in the midshelf time-series were closely related to onshore-offshore flow in the upper 20 m. Fluctuations in abundance of the numerically dominant copepod, Acartia tonsa, were apparently affected by near surface flow also. The population age-structure suggests that A. tonsa was growing at maximal rates, due in part to its positive feeding response to the dinoflagellate/diatom assemblage of phytoplankton.

  18. Interactions between zooplankton and crude oil: toxic effects and bioaccumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.

    Rodrigo Almeda

    Full Text Available We conducted ship-, shore- and laboratory-based crude oil exposure experiments to investigate (1 the effects of crude oil (Louisiana light sweet oil on survival and bioaccumulation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs in mesozooplankton communities, (2 the lethal effects of dispersant (Corexit 9500A and dispersant-treated oil on mesozooplankton, (3 the influence of UVB radiation/sunlight exposure on the toxicity of dispersed crude oil to mesozooplankton, and (4 the role of marine protozoans on the sublethal effects of crude oil and in the bioaccumulation of PAHs in the copepod Acartia tonsa. Mortality of mesozooplankton increased with increasing oil concentration following a sigmoid model with a median lethal concentration of 32.4 µl L(-1 in 16 h. At the ratio of dispersant to oil commonly used in the treatment of oil spills (i.e. 1∶20, dispersant (0.25 µl L(-1 and dispersant-treated oil were 2.3 and 3.4 times more toxic, respectively, than crude oil alone (5 µl L(-1 to mesozooplankton. UVB radiation increased the lethal effects of dispersed crude oil in mesozooplankton communities by 35%. We observed selective bioaccumulation of five PAHs, fluoranthene, phenanthrene, pyrene, chrysene and benzo[b]fluoranthene in both mesozooplankton communities and in the copepod A. tonsa. The presence of the protozoan Oxyrrhis marina reduced sublethal effects of oil on A. tonsa and was related to lower accumulations of PAHs in tissues and fecal pellets, suggesting that protozoa may be important in mitigating the harmful effects of crude oil exposure in copepods and the transfer of PAHs to higher trophic levels. Overall, our results indicate that the negative impact of oil spills on mesozooplankton may be increased by the use of chemical dispersant and UV radiation, but attenuated by crude oil-microbial food webs interactions, and that both mesozooplankton and protozoans may play an important role in fate of PAHs in marine environments.

  19. Algal toxins alter copepod feeding behavior.

    Jiarong Hong

    Full Text Available Using digital holographic cinematography, we quantify and compare the feeding behavior of free-swimming copepods, Acartia tonsa, on nutritional prey (Storeatula major to that occurring during exposure to toxic and non-toxic strains of Karenia brevis and Karlodinium veneficum. These two harmful algal species produce polyketide toxins with different modes of action and potency. We distinguish between two different beating modes of the copepod's feeding appendages-a "sampling beating" that has short durations (<100 ms and involves little fluid entrainment and a longer duration "grazing beating" that persists up to 1200 ms and generates feeding currents. The durations of both beating modes have log-normal distributions. Without prey, A. tonsa only samples the environment at low frequency. Upon introduction of non-toxic food, it increases its sampling time moderately and the grazing period substantially. On mono algal diets for either of the toxic dinoflagellates, sampling time fraction is high but the grazing is very limited. A. tonsa demonstrates aversion to both toxic algal species. In mixtures of S. major and the neurotoxin producing K. brevis, sampling and grazing diminish rapidly, presumably due to neurological effects of consuming brevetoxins while trying to feed on S. major. In contrast, on mixtures of cytotoxin producing K. veneficum, both behavioral modes persist, indicating that intake of karlotoxins does not immediately inhibit the copepod's grazing behavior. These findings add critical insight into how these algal toxins may influence the copepod's feeding behavior, and suggest how some harmful algal species may alter top-down control exerted by grazers like copepods.

  20. Algal toxins alter copepod feeding behavior.

    Hong, Jiarong; Talapatra, Siddharth; Katz, Joseph; Tester, Patricia A; Waggett, Rebecca J; Place, Allen R

    2012-01-01

    Using digital holographic cinematography, we quantify and compare the feeding behavior of free-swimming copepods, Acartia tonsa, on nutritional prey (Storeatula major) to that occurring during exposure to toxic and non-toxic strains of Karenia brevis and Karlodinium veneficum. These two harmful algal species produce polyketide toxins with different modes of action and potency. We distinguish between two different beating modes of the copepod's feeding appendages-a "sampling beating" that has short durations (<100 ms) and involves little fluid entrainment and a longer duration "grazing beating" that persists up to 1200 ms and generates feeding currents. The durations of both beating modes have log-normal distributions. Without prey, A. tonsa only samples the environment at low frequency. Upon introduction of non-toxic food, it increases its sampling time moderately and the grazing period substantially. On mono algal diets for either of the toxic dinoflagellates, sampling time fraction is high but the grazing is very limited. A. tonsa demonstrates aversion to both toxic algal species. In mixtures of S. major and the neurotoxin producing K. brevis, sampling and grazing diminish rapidly, presumably due to neurological effects of consuming brevetoxins while trying to feed on S. major. In contrast, on mixtures of cytotoxin producing K. veneficum, both behavioral modes persist, indicating that intake of karlotoxins does not immediately inhibit the copepod's grazing behavior. These findings add critical insight into how these algal toxins may influence the copepod's feeding behavior, and suggest how some harmful algal species may alter top-down control exerted by grazers like copepods. PMID:22629336

  1. Composição, abundância e distribuição espacial do zooplâncton no complexo estuarino de Paranaguá durante o inverno de 1993 e o verão de 1994 Zooplankton composition, abundance and spatial distribution in the estuarine complex of Paranaguá during winter 1993 and summer 1994

    Rubens M. Lopes

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available A estrutura das associações zooplanctônicas do complexo estuarino de Paranaguá foi estudada no inverno de 1993 e no verão de 1994. Copépodes dos gêneros Acartia, Paracalanus, Parvocalanus, Temora, Pseudodiaptomus, Oithona e Euterpina foram dominantes, atingindo até cerca de 90% da densidade total. A única espécie que ocorreu preferencialmente em salinidades inferiores a 15 foi o calanóide Pseudodiaptomus richardi, que representa o principal componente do holoplncton nos setores oligohalinos. Acartia tonsa e Oithona oswaldocruzi predominaram nos trechos intermediários, associadas a outras espécies estuarino-marinhas que suportam maiores variações de salinidade, como Acartia lilljeborgi, Pseudodiaptomus acutus e Oithona hebes. Espécies marinho-eurihalinas como Temora turbinata, Paraca/anus quasimodo, Oithona simplex e Euterpina acutifrons ocorreram em salinidades tão baixas quanto 15, mas foram mais abundantes na área externa influenciada pela água costeira. Várias espécies marinho-estenohalinas, associadas principalmente às águas quentes da Corrente do Brasil, foram registradas no setor euhalino. Outros grupos zooplanctônicos numericamente importantes foram os tintinineos, apendiculárias, cladóceros e alguns representantes do meroplncton, como as larvas de poliquetas e decápodes. Os máximos de abundncia do zooplncton (até cerca de 82000 org.m-3 ocorreram nos setores intermediários, em salinidades variando entre 15 e 30, coincidindo aproximadamente com o padrão de distribuição da biomassa fitoplanctônica.Zooplankton community structure was investigated in the estuarine complex of Paranaguá (Southern Brazil during July 1993 (winter and February-March 1994 (summer. Copepods belonging to the genera Acartia, Paracalanus, Parvocalanus, Pseudodiaptomus, Temora, Oithona and Euterpina dominated the zooplankton associations, attaining up to 90% of total densities. Pseudodiaptomus richardi was the dominant estuarine

  2. Temporal and spatial variations in age structure of Antarctic krill Euphausia superba (Dana) from commercial fishery in the waters near the Antarctic Peninsular%南极半岛邻近水域南极大磷虾商业捕捞群体的年龄结构时空变化

    左涛; 徐鹏翔; 李灵智; 陈丹; 赵宪勇; 黄洪亮; 夏辉; 徐玉成; 孙坚强; 冯春雷; 王新良; 朱国平

    2012-01-01

    During 2009/2010 and 2010/2011 fishing seasons, Antarctic krill Euphausia superba Dana from the south Atlantic Ocean was harvested by Chinese commercial fishery vessels in the CCAMLR subarea 48. 1 near the South Shetland Islands and CCAMLR subarea 48. 2 near the South Orkney Islands, respectively. The length-frequency and sex ratio of krill collected in both fishing seasons were analyzed to estimate its growth, age structure, and evaluate potential temporal-spatial variations of its spawning season. Based on the results of length-frequency fitting mixture distribution, five age groups (l+~5+) were observed in the krill population. The age structure and sex ratio of krill varied in the two fishing seasons and subareas. In the waters near the South Shetland Islands of subarea 48. 1, E. superba population was domi-nanted by individuals at age 5+ in January, 2010 and December, 2011. In the two months, gravid female were abundant and consisted over 40 percent of all krill numbers. Gravid females were between age 3+ ~5+ and dominated by those of age 5+. In contrast, in the waters near the South Orkney Islands of the subarea 48. 2, E. superba population was still dominated by individuals of age 5+in February, 2010, yet subsequently by those of age 3+in February, March and April, 2011. Although gravid females of age 5+ were observed, their proportions decreased only about 15% in February, 2010 and less than 1% from February to April, 2011. Monthly observation during February, March and April, 2011 showed that it tended to be fewer gravid individuals, more unimodal age structure and increased sex ratio. In addition, the krill growth rate decreased with month and was negative value in March and April. Based on the above results, it could be inferred that in subarea 48. 2,E. superba spawning peak in 2010/2011 fishing season should be earlier than February,2011, while spawning remained in that month of 2009/ 2010 fishing season.%2009/2010和2010/2011两渔季,我国渔轮在

  3. Mandible characteristics and allometric relations in copepods: a reliable method to estimate prey size and composition from mandible occurrence in predator guts Caracterización de mandíbulas y relación alométrica en copépodos: método adecuado para estimar tamaño y composición de presas usando mandíbulas encontradas en intestinos de depredadores

    Ricardo Giesecke

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available The size and shape of the cutting edge of the mandibles from the five most abundant copepod species found in Mejillones Bay are described with the aim to create a helpful tool for the identification of copepod prey and their size from predator gut contents. Good allometric relationships were found between the carapace length and the mandible width for the species Paracalanus parvus, Centropages brachiatus and Acartia tonsa. By contrast, the cyclopoids Oithona sp. and Corycaeus sp. did not present a good relationship between these two parameters, presumably due to the presence of more than a species in the study area. Applying the edge index (Itoh 1970 the copepods were classified as herbivores (e.g., P. parvus, omnivores (e.g., C. brachiatus and A. tonsa, and carnivores (e.g., Oithona sp.. In general, there was a tight relationship between the morphometric characters of the mandible blade and the trophic ecology of each species. The good relationship between the mandible width and the carapace length of the calanoid species will permit the estimation of the size of an ingested copepod by a predator, within a certain degree of accuracy, by measuring the width of the mandibles found in gut contents. This relationship and the supplementary characterization of the mandible blade will help improve the knowledge of the feeding ecology of the mesozooplankton in northern ChileEl tamaño y forma del extremo cortante de la mandíbula de las cinco especies de copépodos más abundantes en la bahía de Mejillones fueron descritas con el propósito de crear una herramienta útil para la identificación de contenidos intestinales de depredadores de copépodos. Aparte de esto, se analizó la relación alométrica entre la longitud cefalotoráxica y el diámetro mandibular para las especies Paracalanus parvus, Centropages brachiatus Acartia tonsa, Oithona sp. y Corycaeus sp. A diferencia de las especies calanoídeas, las especies ciclopoídeas no presentaron

  4. Analisis Kinerja Reksa Dana dengan Metode Sharpe, Metode Treynor dan Metode Sortiono (Studi pada Reksa Dana Saham di Bursa Efek Indonesia Periode Tahun 2012-2014)

    Ginting, Yesika Karina

    2015-01-01

    Mutual fund is one of the Indonesian capital market’s instrument which is growing rapidly. The number and types of mutual funds published in Indonesia tends to increase continuously. Equity fund is a type of mutual fund that is most attractive to investors because it has a promising performance. Investing in mutual funds has its own challenges because of mutual fund shares is an investment with the characteristics of high risk-high return. This study aimed to analyze the differences performan...

  5. Pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Dana Alokasi Khusus, Dana Bagi Hasil, Derajat Desentralisasi, dan Derajat Kontribusi BUMD terhadap Alokasi Belanja Modal pada Provinsi Sumatera Utara

    Fahriza, Muhammad Ariz

    2016-01-01

    North Sumatera Province consisting 33 Districts / Cities is one of the province with the level of regional results that is quite high dependence on the central government. It is also accompanied by a direct expenditure increasing from year to year, which accured in the province, so it is necessary to study entitled “ The Effect Of Regional Income, Special Allocation Funds, Revenue-Sharing, The Degree Of Decentralization and The Degree of Contribution BUMD Towards The Allocation Of Capital Exp...

  6. Pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD), Dana Alokasi Umum (DAU), dan Dana Alokasi Khusus (DAK) terhadap Belanja Modal pada Kota di Pulau Sumatera

    Diaz, Sanita

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study to examine the effect of regional income, General Allocation Fund, and Special Allocation Fund for capital expenditure budget allocation. The design research in this minithesis is using causal associative design, with 14 cities as the sample each year of the 34 cities in Sumatera Island. This research was conducted from the period 2011-2013. This research utilizes secondary data. The data are taken from the official website of Financial Ministry ...

  7. Pengaruh Dana Alokasi Umum, Dana Alokasi Khusus Terhadap Peningkatan Pendapatan Asli Daerah Dengan Belanja Modal Sebagai Variabel Intervening Studi Empiris Di Kabupaten/ Kota Provinsi Aceh

    Husni, Hasrina

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this research is conducted to obtain empirical evidence and analyze the influence of Block Grant (DAU), Specific Grant (DAK) of Regional Income Improvement through Capital Expenditure as an intervening variable in lag one, lag two and lag three years. The research population of 23 local government districts and cities in Provinci Aceh, which fulfill the criteria included as a member of a sample of 20 local government districts. Observation data for 4 years (2004-2007) so tha...

  8. Ocean Acidification Affects the Phyto-Zoo Plankton Trophic Transfer Efficiency

    Cripps, Gemma; Flynn, Kevin J.; Lindeque, Penelope K.

    2016-01-01

    The critical role played by copepods in ocean ecology and biogeochemistry warrants an understanding of how these animals may respond to ocean acidification (OA). Whilst an appreciation of the potential direct effects of OA, due to elevated pCO2, on copepods is improving, little is known about the indirect impacts acting via bottom-up (food quality) effects. We assessed, for the first time, the chronic effects of direct and/or indirect exposures to elevated pCO2 on the behaviour, vital rates, chemical and biochemical stoichiometry of the calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa. Bottom-up effects of elevated pCO2 caused species-specific biochemical changes to the phytoplanktonic feed, which adversely affected copepod population structure and decreased recruitment by 30%. The direct impact of elevated pCO2 caused gender-specific respiratory responses in A.tonsa adults, stimulating an enhanced respiration rate in males (> 2-fold), and a suppressed respiratory response in females when coupled with indirect elevated pCO2 exposures. Under the combined indirect+direct exposure, carbon trophic transfer efficiency from phytoplankton-to-zooplankton declined to < 50% of control populations, with a commensurate decrease in recruitment. For the first time an explicit role was demonstrated for biochemical stoichiometry in shaping copepod trophic dynamics. The altered biochemical composition of the CO2-exposed prey affected the biochemical stoichiometry of the copepods, which could have ramifications for production of higher tropic levels, notably fisheries. Our work indicates that the control of phytoplankton and the support of higher trophic levels involving copepods have clear potential to be adversely affected under future OA scenarios. PMID:27082737

  9. Mesozooplankton assemblages and their relationship with environmental variables: a study case in a disturbed bay (Beagle Channel, Argentina).

    Biancalana, Florencia; Dutto, M Sofía; Berasategui, Anabela A; Kopprio, Germán; Hoffmeyer, Mónica S

    2014-12-01

    This study focused on the seasonal and spatial analysis of the mesozooplankton community in a human-impacted subantarctic bay in Argentina and aimed to detect assemblages associated with environmental variability. Mesozooplankton samples and environmental data were obtained in the Ushuaia Bay (UB) seasonally, from August 2004 to June 2005, and spatially, from coastal (more polluted), middle (less influenced) and open sea water (free polluted) sampling stations. Remarkable seasonal changes on the mesozooplankton community were observed. Nitrogenated nutrients, chlorophyll a, salinity and temperature were the prevailing environmental conditions likely associated with the different mesozooplankton assemblages found in the bay. The copepods Eurytemora americana, Acartia tonsa, Podon leuckarti and Nematoda were particularly observed on the northwest coast of the bay, characterized by the highest level of urban pollution, eutrophicated by sewage and freshwater inputs from the Encerrada Bay which is connected to it. The stations situated in the northeast area, mostly influenced by freshwater input from rivers and glacier melting, showed low mesozooplankton abundances and an important contribution of adventitious plankton. The copepods Ctenocalanus citer, Clausocalanus brevipes and Drepanopus forcipatus were mostly observed at the stations located near the Beagle Channel, characterized by open sea and free polluted waters. Our findings suggest that the variations observed in the mesozooplankton assemblages in the UB seem to be modulated by environmental variables associated with the anthropogenic influence, clearly detected on the coast of the bay. Certain opportunistic species such as A. tonsa and E. americana could be postulated as potential bioindicators of water quality in subantarctic coastal ecosystems. PMID:25204897

  10. The holoplankton of the Santa Catarina coast, southern Brazil

    Charrid Resgalla Jr

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents information from different sampling surveys carried out along the Santa Catarina coast in order to outline the biogeographical characteristics of the zooplankton in this region and identify species or groups of species with potential use as bioindicators. Based on a checklist of species of the zooplankton community in the state, it was observed that, in the warmer months of the year, the fauna is similar to that of the states of Paraná and São Paulo (e.g. Creseis virgula f. virgula, Penilia avirostris; Acartia lilljeborgi and Oithona oswaldocruzi, while in the colder months there are coastal representatives of the fauna of Rio Grande do Sul (e.g. Acartia tonsa. However, the zooplankton consists predominantly of warm water species for most of the year, which is typical of Tropical Shelf Waters. Various species of zooplankton can be used as hydrological indicators, enabling a distinction to be made between coastal waters which are influenced by continental inputs (e.g. Paracalanus quasimodo and Parvocalanus crassirostris, common in the north of the state, and processes of upwelling (e.g. Podon intermedius and the influence of the Subtropical Shelf Front (e.g. Pleopis polyphemoides, coming from the south. The different environments investigated present a zooplankton abundance that depends on the influence of continental inputs and the possibility of their retaining and contribution for the coastal enrichment, which varies seasonallyEste trabalho apresentada informações oriundas de diferentes amostragens realizadas ao longo da costa de Santa Catarina com o objetivo de esboçar as características biogeográficas do zooplâncton assim como identificar espécies ou grupos de espécies com potencial uso como bioindicadores. A partir de um cheklist das espécies da comunidade zooplanctônica do estado observou-se que nos meses quentes do ano a fauna é similar aos dos estados do Paraná e São Paulo (e. g. Creseis virgula f

  11. Observations on feeding behaviour and survival rates in the estuarine calanoid copepods Acartia spinicauda and Heliodiaptomus cinctus (Crustacea: Copepoda: Calanoida)

    Srivastava, Y.; Fernandes, Brenda; Goswami, S.C.; Goswami, U.; Achuthankutty, C.T.

    to feed on T. gracilis (90.08%) as compared to S. costatum (55.87%). A combined feed of Isochrysis galbana (50%) and Chaetoceros sp. (50%) was found to be most satisfactory in case of H. cinctus as there was no mortality till the 8th day and only 57...

  12. Valcer i salonsko kolo od 19. stoljeća do danas

    Niemčić, Iva

    2005-01-01

    Trag širenja valcera u Europi dovodi nas i do Zagreba, a potom ga možemo pratiti i u cijeloj Hrvatskoj. Budući da se tada nije puno pisalo o samome plesu, autorica podatke nalazi u raznim društvenim kronikama i izvještajima u novinama o gradskim plesnim zabavama toga doba. Prateći trag dolaska valcera u hrvatske plesne dvorane, neizbježna je bila i usporedba s gotovo istodobnom pojavom hrvatskoga društvenog parovnog plesa salonskog kola. Autorica u tekstu prati dolazak, širenje, zajednički su...

  13. Pengaruh Dana dan Waktu Dosen terhadap Minat Meneliti: Studi Kasus Universitas Bina Nusantara

    Hery Harjono Muljo

    2012-04-01

    The study results show that both funds and time have a weak correlation to the interests in researching, and funds have a weak correlation over time. Moreover, based on the results of hypothesis testing between funds (X1 and time (X2 show that there is no significant relationship exists between funds (X1 and time (X2. It means that there is a negative correlation, weak and insignificant.

  14. DANA PIHAK KETIGA DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHINYA PADA PERBANKAN SYARIAH DI INDONESIA

    Dewi Sartika

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the effect of GDP (Gross Domestic Product and the exchange rate on U.S. dollar against the TPF (Third Party Funds in Indonesia. The objective of Islamic banking in this study was to analyze the influence of GDP (Gross Domestic Product Rupiah rate against U.S. dollar deposits (Fund Party Third of Islamic banking in Indonesia. In writing this makes the GDP (Gross Domestic Product and the rupiah rate to U.S. dollar as the variables that influence to measure how much influence on Deposits (Third Party Funds. This study used 24 samples comprising the financial statements starting from January 2004 till December 2009. The method used in this study is the statistical method with a multiple regression model, where to find or measure how much influence given by the GDP (Gross Domestic Product and exchange rate on U.S. dollar against the TPF (Third Party Funds Islamic banking. The result showed that the variables GDP (Gross Domestic Product and the exchange rate on U.S. dollar deposits have a significant effect on the Fund (Third Party Islamic banking in IndonesiaDOI: 10.15408/sjie.v2i2.2426

  15. Društveno-ekonomski odnosi u Jalžabetu nekad i danas

    Hrženjak, Juraj

    1988-01-01

    Ovo istraživanje je primjer multi,disciplinarnog istraživanja, u kome više istraživača obrađuje pojedine segmente života jedne zajednice, u ovom slučaju sela Jalžabet. Povijest samog sela, od kraja XVIII. stoljeća do 1945. godine pokazuje bijedne prilike u kojima žive kmetovi sela Jalžabeta za vrijeme dvije društveno- -ekonomske formacije: feudalizma i kapitalizma. Agrarnom reformom Kraljevine Jugoslavije oduzeto je veleposjedniku 190 ha obradivog zemljišta, koje...

  16. Habitat shifts and spatial distribution of the intertidal crab Neohelice ( Chasmagnathus ) granulata Dana

    Casariego, Agustina Mendez; Alberti, Juan; Luppi, Tomás; Daleo, Pedro; Iribarne, Oscar

    2011-08-01

    Intertidal zones of estuaries and embayments of the SW Atlantic are dominated by the semiterrestrial burrowing grapsid crab, Neohelice ( Chasmagnathus) granulata, and characterized by extensive mud flats surrounded by salt marshes. In this work we examined spatial patterns of distribution of N. granulata during two years to explain their movement patterns. The results of the population sampling showed segregation by sex and size throughout the intertidal, with seasonal variations in densities and different condition indices for adults and juveniles at the different zones. The comparison of seasonal activity (ambulatory activity outside burrows) between marshes and mudflats shows that short term (e.g. daily) variations in activity were controlled by tides. Crabs were active at high tides but increased their activity on days with higher tidal amplitude. Seasonal activity showed that at both areas, females remain with low activity except for a peak in winter, while males showed the highest activity during summer in the mudflat zone, but not so in the marsh. This pattern can be the response to differences in stress tolerance, suggesting that high temperatures are limiting the performance of adult crabs during summer, especially at the marsh where physical conditions can be more critical. The spatial size segregation can be explained by differential mortality in each zone (estimated with tethered crabs), and by the juvenile movement between these zones (estimated with movement traps). Juvenile mortality is higher at the mudflat, while adult mortality is higher in the marsh. Smaller juveniles moved to the marsh, where the mortality is lower, and the larger juveniles moved towards the mudflat. This mortality is due almost exclusively to cannibalism, so our results suggest that this movement of different size classes between zones is controlled, at least in part, by intraspecific predation.

  17. A transcriptome resource for Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba Dana) exposed to short-term stress

    Martins, Maria João F

    2015-10-01

    Euphausia superba is a keystone species in Antarctic food webs. However, the continued decrease in stock density raises concerns over the resilience and adaptive potential of krill to withstand the current rate of environmental change. We undertook a transcriptome-scale approach (454 pyrosequencing) as a baseline for future studies addressing the physiological response of krill to short-term food shortage and natural UV-B stress. The final assembly resulted in a total of 26,415 contigs, 39.8% of which were putatively annotated. Exploratory analyses indicate an overall reduction in protein synthesis under food shortage while UV stress resulted in the activation of photo-protective mechanisms. © 2015.

  18. H09274: NOS Hydrographic Survey , Southwest of Dana Point, California, 1972-03-29

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has the statutory mandate to collect hydrographic data in support of nautical chart compilation for safe...

  19. Pemeriksaan Operasional Atas Dana Pensiun pada Kantor DAPENBUN Cabang PT. Perkebunan Nusantara II (Persero) Tanjung Morawa

    Triana, Heni

    2011-01-01

    Analysis method used by descriptive and comparability method, that is collect, compiling, clasification, interpreting, an analysing data to give the clean answer and picture is accurate that the problem formulation and leter than conduct the comparison to exiting theory of its relation with the problem studied to later. Writer takes data that is engaged operational check on pension fund. Data type use is primary data, which is data which is gotten from research object that in this case is Dap...

  20. April 2004 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data (Geodetic Coordinates) from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs)...

  1. Food ingestion and assimilation by Hyaie media (Dana, 1853 (Crustacea - Amphipoda

    Airton Santo Tararam

    1990-06-01

    Full Text Available The feeding of Hyale media was analysed under laboratory conditions in winter and summer temperatures. The results showed that assimilation rates increased following food ingestion rates and decreased when egestion rates increased. In winter temperatures no significant differences were found in the assimilation rates among developmental stages and sexes. In summer temperatures assimilation rates for ovigerous and non-ovigerous females were higher than those found for adult and young males. Although not statistically analysed, mean assimilation efficiencies were highest among ovigerous females and adult males, in summer. The quantitative and qualitative variations found in the assimilation efficiency and rates were explained by the differential effect of temperature on the specific growth rate and in the physiological conditions of each growth stage concerned.No presente estudo foram analisados em laboratório, sob temperaturas de inverno e verão, aspectos quantitativos da alimentação de Hyale media (Crustacea-Amphipoda, utilizando-se o método gravimetría, aliado ao conteúdo de carbono dos itens alimentares oferecidos. Nos experimentos com temperatura de inverno não foi encontrado diferença significativa nas taxas de assimilação entre os diferentes estádios de desenvolvimento e sexo. Naqueles com temperatura de verão as taxas de assimilação para fêmeas ovígera e não ovígera foram maiores que aquelas encontradas para machos adulto e jovem. As variações encontradas nas taxa e eficiência de assimilação foram explicadas pelo efeito diferencial da temperatura sobre a taxa de crescimento específico e condições fisiológicas de cada estádio de desenvolvimento.

  2. Food ingestion and assimilation by Hyaie media (Dana, 1853) (Crustacea - Amphipoda)

    Airton Santo Tararam; Hilda de Souza Lima Mesquita; Yoko Wakabara; Clóvis A. Peres

    1990-01-01

    The feeding of Hyale media was analysed under laboratory conditions in winter and summer temperatures. The results showed that assimilation rates increased following food ingestion rates and decreased when egestion rates increased. In winter temperatures no significant differences were found in the assimilation rates among developmental stages and sexes. In summer temperatures assimilation rates for ovigerous and non-ovigerous females were higher than those found for adult and young males. Al...

  3. Asimetri pada Flypaper Effect: Bukti Empiris Pemanfaatan Dana Alokasi Umum pada Pemerintah Daerah di Indonesia

    Junaidi .

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this research is to provide empirical proof of occurrence of asymmetries in the flypaper effect for the Indonesian Municipalities. The flypaper effect, when an unconditional lump-sum grant to a municipal government increases spending in a greater proportion than an equivalent raise in municipal revenue. Using a panel of data on Indonesian municipalities covering the period 2000-2010, we also clear evidence of there is asymmetrical reactions. More precisely, the results suggest the presence of a fiscal replacement type of asymmetry: when grants grow, municipalities spend most of the additional revenue. Furthermore, when grants fall, spending is unaffected and municipalities compensate the loss through additional taxation.

  4. Hormonal responses during prolonged exercise are influenced by a selective DA/NA reuptake inhibitor

    Piacentini, M.; Meeusen, R.; Buyse, L.; De Schutter, G.; De Meirleir, K

    2004-01-01

    Objective: A decrease in dopamine activity is thought to lead to a reduction in motivation and arousal and therefore to the "central" component of fatigue. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of a dopamine (DA) noradrenaline (NA) reuptake inhibitor, bupropion (ZybanTM), on exercise performance and on the hormonal response to exercise.

  5. TINJAUAN YURIDIS PARA PIHAK DALAM TRANSAKSI PENGAMBILAN ATAU TRANSFER DANA MELALUI MESIN ANJUNGAN TUNAI MANDIRI (ATM

    Augustinus Simanjuntak

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available According to civil code or Burgerlijk Wetboek (BW, article 1320, there are four legal conditions of business contract must be fulfilled by parties. One of condition is agreement. Based on this condition, the position of each parties must be equal at the same level. Besides, each parties must be exist and make effective communication before get in to that agreement. Commonly, every subjects in business transaction need dealing process first between one to another party, and than the parties goes to delivering or transfering the object of transaction. At least they have to know each other first if transaction will be implemented. But, this legal term is not fully found in one of banking transaction facilities that is automatic teller machine as we called Anjungan Tunai Mandiri (ATM. The legal issue which come out from this transaction system is particularly regarding to the subjects or parties. Every time the customer goes to ATM, she or he will not find another party existing there. It means that customer do transaction without presence of bank party. So, if ATM has broken and the balance in costumer account has decreased for debit, bank does not always liable for the costumer loss. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Menurut pasal 1320 Kitab Undang-undang Hukum Perdata atau Burgerlijk Wetboek (BW, ada empat syarat sahnya suatu kontrak bisnis yang harus dipenuhi oleh para pihak. Salah satunya ialah kesepakatan. Berdasarkan syarat ini, posisi para pihak harus sejajar pada tingkat yang sama. Selain itu, masing-masing pihak harus eksis dan melakukan komunikasi yang efektif sebelum mencapai kesepakatan. Lazimnya, setiap subjek dalam transaksi bisnis membutuhkan proses persetujuan terlebih dahulu antara pihak yang satu dengan pihak lainnya, dan kemudian para pihak menuju pada penyerahan atau pemindahan objek transaksi. Paling tidak, mereka harus saling mengetahui bila transaksi akan dilaksanakan. Tetapi, syarat hukum ini tidak sepenuhnya ditemukan di salah satu fasilitas transaksi bank, yaitu automatic teller machine atau yang biasa disebut mesin Anjungan Tunai Mandiri (ATM. Permasalahan hukum yang timbul dari sistem transaksi ini adalah terkait dengan subjek atau para pihak. Setiap waktu nasabah pergi ke mesin ATM, ia tidak akan menemukan pihak lain berada di sana. Itu artinya bahwa nasabah melakukan transaksi tanpa kehadiran perwakilan pihak bank. Oleh karena itu, jika mesin ATM rusak dan saldo nasabah sudah berkurang karena sempat terdebet maka bank tidak selalu mau bertanggungjawab atas uang nasabah yang hilang itu. Kata kunci: transaksi, para pihak, kesepakatan, mesin ATM, kerugian nasabah.

  6. Pengaruh Dana Investasi Melalui Instrumen SUN dan SBSN Terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Indonesia

    Tya Ryandini

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Influence of Investment Fund Through National Bond (SUN and National Sukuk (SBSN To Economic Growth in Indonesia. The aims of this research is to analyze the short term and long term influence of investment fund through National Bond (SUN and National Sukuk (SBSN to economic growth in Indonesia in the year of 2008 – 2012.The methode which used in this research is Error Correction Model. The result shows that economic development is positively influenced by National Bond in short term and long term. But, it negatively influenced by the National Sukuk both in short term and long term  DOI:10.15408/aiq.v6i1.1369

  7. December 2002 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data (latitude and longitude) from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs)...

  8. Imigracija u Europi danas: aparthejd ili građanska kohabitacija?

    Suvin, Darko

    2011-01-01

    Članak raspravlja orijentacije koje bi spriječile klizanje prema državama aparthejda. Počinje fenomenologijom masovnih seljenja, te se pita: Jesu li ne-građani ljudi? Koje su granice narodnog suvereniteta? Kakva je to sloboda ako je dobar dio stanovnika nepotpuno slobodan? Završava s pet povezanih aksioma: 1/ pravo na gostoprimstvo (pa zatim i državljanstvo) središnje je ljudsko pravo; 2/ svaka država treba dati svojim stanovnicima maksimalno mogući opseg građanskih prava; 3...

  9. A new species of Euchirella (fam. Aetideidae) from the "Dana"-collections (Copepoda, Calanoida)

    Vaupel-Klein, von J.C.

    1980-01-01

    SUMMARY Euchirella paulinae spec. nov. is described and illustrated in extenso ; various structures are outlined in detail for the first time. The external morphology of the new species is discussed with reference to the other species of the genus. Some brief remarks are made about the anatomical te

  10. Memaknai Disclosure Laporan Sumber dan Penggunaan Dana Kebajikan (Qardhul Hasan Bank Syariah

    Iqbal M. Aris Ali

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The research was carried out in Bank Muamalat Indonesia Cabang Ternate and Bank Syariah Mandiri Cabang Ternate. Informants were Shariah bank managers, and academicians. Data triangulation is also used. Non-positivistic approach with symbolic interaction and God Trilogy teaching are utilised as methodology. Findings suggest that the Sources and Uses of Qardhul Hasan Funds diclosure is interpreted as: (1 goodness, (2 balance, and (3 education. Sources and Uses of Qardhul Hasan Funds disclosure is an action of sincerity to explain social fund information based on truth with competencies and attitude to maintain trust for the good of entity and people.

  11. March 2003 Lidar Point Data of Southern California Coastline: Dana Point to Point La Jolla

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains lidar point data (Geodetic Coordinates) from a strip of Southern California coastline (including water, beach, cliffs, and top of cliffs)...

  12. Zooplankton research off Peru: A review

    Ayón, Patricia; Criales-Hernandez, Maria I.; Schwamborn, Ralf; Hirche, Hans-Jürgen

    2008-10-01

    A review of zooplankton studies conducted in Peruvian marine waters is given. After a short history of the development of zooplankton research off Peru, we review zooplankton methodology, taxonomy, biodiversity, spatial distribution, seasonal and interannual variability, trophodynamics, secondary production, and modelling. We review studies on several micro-, meso-, macro-, and meroplankton groups, and give a species list from both published and unpublished reports. Three regional zooplankton groups have been identified: (1) a continental shelf group dominated by Acartia tonsa and Centropages brachiatus; (2) a continental slope group characterized by siphonophores, bivalves, foraminifera and radiolaria; (3) and a species-rich oceanic group. The highest zooplankton abundances and biomasses were often found between 4-6°S and 14-16°S, where continental shelves are narrow. Species composition changes with distance from the shore. Species composition and biomass also vary strongly on short time scales due to advection, peaks of larval production, trophic interactions, and community succession. The relation of zooplankton to climatic variability (ENSO and multi-decadal) and fish stocks is discussed in the context of ecological regime shifts. An intermediate upwelling hypothesis is proposed, based on the negative effects of low upwelling intensity in summer or extremely strong and enduring winter upwelling on zooplankton abundance off Peru. According to this hypothesis, intermediate upwelling creates an optimal environmental window for zooplankton communities. Finally, we highlight important knowledge gaps that warrant attention in future.

  13. Zooplankton and Karenia brevis in the Gulf of Mexico

    Lester, Kristen M.; Heil, Cynthia A.; Neely, Merry B.; Spence, Danylle N.; Murasko, Susan; Hopkins, Thomas L.; Sutton, Tracey T.; Burghart, Scott E.; Bohrer, Richard N.; Remsen, Andrew W.; Vargo, Gabriel A.; Walsh, John J.

    2008-01-01

    Blooms of the toxic dinoflagellate Karenia brevis are common in the Gulf of Mexico, yet no in situ studies of zooplankton and K. brevis have been conducted there. Zooplankton abundance and taxonomic composition at non-bloom and K. brevis bloom stations within the Ecology of Harmful Algal Blooms (ECOHAB) study area were compared. At non-bloom stations, the most abundant species of zooplankton were Parvocalanus crassirostris, Oithona colcarva, and Paracalanus quasimodo at the 5-m isobath and P. quasimodo, O. colcarva, and Oikopleura dioica at the 25-m isobath. There was considerable overlap in dominance of zooplankton species between the 5 and 25-m isobaths, with nine species contributing to 90% of abundance at both isobaths. At stations within K. brevis blooms however, Acartia tonsa, Centropages velificatus, Temora turbinata, Evadne tergestina, O. colcarva, O. dioica, and P. crassirostris were dominant. Variations in abundance between non-bloom and bloom assemblages were evident, including the reduction in abundance of three key species within K. brevis blooms.

  14. Tests for oil/dispersant toxicity: In situ laboratory assays

    Wright, D.A.; Coelho, G.M. [Univ. of Maryland System, Solomons, MD (United States); Aurand, D.V. [Ecosystem Management and Associates, Purcellville, VA (United States)

    1995-12-31

    As part of its readiness program in oil spill response, the Marine Pollution Control Unit (MPCU), Department of Transport, U.K. conducts annual field trials in the North Sea, approximately 30 nautical miles from the southeast coast of England. The trials take the form of controlled releases of crude oil or Medium Fuel/Gas Oil mix (MFO), with and without the application of Corexit 9527 dispersant. In 1994 and 1995 the authors conducted a series of in situ toxicity bioassays in association with these spills with included 48h LC50 tests for turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) and oyster (Crassostrea gigas) larvae, a 48 h oyster (C. gigas) embryonic development test and two full life-cycle assays using the copepods Acartia tonsa and Tisbe battagliai. Tests were also conducted in the Chesapeake Bay laboratory using estuarine species including the copepod Eurytemora affinis and the inland silverside Menidia beryllina. Here, the authors report on the results of these assays, together with 1996 in situ toxicity data resulting from Norwegian field trials in the northern North Sea.

  15. Evaluation of antibiotics as a methodological procedure to inhibit free-living and biofilm bacteria in marine zooplankton culture

    Vanessa O. Agostini

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available There is a problem with keeping culture medium completely or partially free from bacteria. The use of prokaryotic metabolic inhibitors, such as antibiotics, is suggested as an alternative solution, although such substances should not harm non-target organisms. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of antibiotic treatments in inhibiting free-living and biofilm bacteria and their half-life in artificial marine environment using the copepod Acartia tonsa as bioindicador of non-harmful antibiotic combinations. Regarding to results, the application of 0.025 g L-1 penicillin G potassium + 0.08 g L-1 streptomycin sulphate + 0.04 g L-1 neomycin sulphate showed great potential for use in marine cultures and scientific experiments without lethal effects to non-target organisms. The effect of this combination starts within the first six hours of exposure and reduces up to 93 % the bacterial density, but the half-life is short, requiring replacement. No adverse changes in water quality were observed within 168 hours of exposure. As a conclusion, we can infer that this treatment was an effective procedure for zooplankton cultures and scientific experiments with the aim of measuring the role of free-living and biofilm in the marine community.

  16. Predation by the Dwarf Seahorse on Copepods: Quantifying Motion and Flows Using 3D High Speed Digital Holographic Cinematography - When Seahorses Attack!

    Gemmell, Brad; Sheng, Jian; Buskey, Ed

    2008-11-01

    Copepods are an important planktonic food source for most of the world's fish species. This high predation pressure has led copepods to evolve an extremely effective escape response, with reaction times to hydrodynamic disturbances of less than 4 ms and escape speeds of over 500 body lengths per second. Using 3D high speed digital holographic cinematography (up to 2000 frames per second) we elucidate the role of entrainment flow fields generated by a natural visual predator, the dwarf seahorse (Hippocampus zosterae) during attacks on its prey, Acartia tonsa. Using phytoplankton as a tracer, we recorded and reconstructed 3D flow fields around the head of the seahorse and its prey during both successful and unsuccessful attacks to better understand how some attacks lead to capture with little or no detection from the copepod while others result in failed attacks. Attacks start with a slow approach to minimize the hydro-mechanical disturbance which is used by copepods to detect the approach of a potential predator. Successful attacks result in the seahorse using its pipette-like mouth to create suction faster than the copepod's response latency. As these characteristic scales of entrainment increase, a successful escape becomes more likely.

  17. Tidal effects on short-term mesozooplankton distribution in small channels of a temperate-turbid estuary, Southwestern Atlantic

    Javier Chazarreta

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The short-term variability of mesozooplankton distribution and physicochemical variables was examined in two different channels of the Bahía Blanca Estuary, Argentina, during two tidal cycles. All the physicochemical measurements and mesozooplankton sampling were performed at a fixed site during approximately 22-23 h at 3-h intervals. Pumps were used to obtain surface and bottom mesozooplankton samples and the water speed of each stratum was measured with an Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (ADCP. In all, 23 mesozooplanktonic taxa belonging to four phyla (Arthropoda, Annelida, Echinodermata and Chordata were identified. The most abundant taxa during the two tidal cycles were Balanus glandula larvae, Eurytemora americana and Acartia tonsa. A discernible variability in the water conditions and vertical mesozooplankton distribution (VMD different from that known for the estuary's main channel, was found in the other two selected channels. VMD varied during the tidal cycle in both channels in accordance with the channel's geomorphology and water dynamic characteristics of each of them. The variation of the abundance of the different taxa during ebb and flood currents might indicate the existence of a tidal vertical migration of the mesozooplankton as a response to particular dynamic water conditions.

  18. Tests for oil/dispersant toxicity: In situ laboratory assays

    As part of its readiness program in oil spill response, the Marine Pollution Control Unit (MPCU), Department of Transport, U.K. conducts annual field trials in the North Sea, approximately 30 nautical miles from the southeast coast of England. The trials take the form of controlled releases of crude oil or Medium Fuel/Gas Oil mix (MFO), with and without the application of Corexit 9527 dispersant. In 1994 and 1995 the authors conducted a series of in situ toxicity bioassays in association with these spills with included 48h LC50 tests for turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) and oyster (Crassostrea gigas) larvae, a 48 h oyster (C. gigas) embryonic development test and two full life-cycle assays using the copepods Acartia tonsa and Tisbe battagliai. Tests were also conducted in the Chesapeake Bay laboratory using estuarine species including the copepod Eurytemora affinis and the inland silverside Menidia beryllina. Here, the authors report on the results of these assays, together with 1996 in situ toxicity data resulting from Norwegian field trials in the northern North Sea

  19. Influence of UVB radiation on the lethal and sublethal toxicity of dispersed crude oil to planktonic copepod nauplii.

    Almeda, Rodrigo; Harvey, Tracy E; Connelly, Tara L; Baca, Sarah; Buskey, Edward J

    2016-06-01

    Toxic effects of petroleum to marine zooplankton have been generally investigated using dissolved petroleum hydrocarbons and in the absence of sunlight. In this study, we determined the influence of natural ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation on the lethal and sublethal toxicity of dispersed crude oil to naupliar stages of the planktonic copepods Acartia tonsa, Temora turbinata and Pseudodiaptomus pelagicus. Low concentrations of dispersed crude oil (1 μL L(-1)) caused a significant reduction in survival, growth and swimming activity of copepod nauplii after 48 h of exposure. UVB radiation increased toxicity of dispersed crude oil by 1.3-3.8 times, depending on the experiment and measured variables. Ingestion of crude oil droplets may increase photoenhanced toxicity of crude oil to copepod nauplii by enhancing photosensitization. Photoenhanced sublethal toxicity was significantly higher when T. turbinata nauplii were exposed to dispersant-treated oil than crude oil alone, suggesting that chemical dispersion of crude oil may promote photoenhanced toxicity to marine zooplankton. Our results demonstrate that acute exposure to concentrations of dispersed crude oil and dispersant (Corexit 9500) commonly found in the sea after oil spills are highly toxic to copepod nauplii and that natural levels of UVB radiation substantially increase the toxicity of crude oil to these planktonic organisms. Overall, this study emphasizes the importance of considering sunlight in petroleum toxicological studies and models to better estimate the impact of crude oil spills on marine zooplankton. PMID:27003367

  20. Temperature effects on copepod egg hatching: does acclimatization matter?

    Hansen, Benni Winding; Drillet, Guillaume; Kozmér, A.;

    2010-01-01

    This report investigates female sizes, egg sizes and egg hatching rates in relation to temperature for the near-shore calanoid copepod Acartia tonsa cultured at 6, 9, 14 and 24°C for several generations to achieve acclimatization. Inverse size relationships of eggs and females were revealed with...... increasing temperature. Eggs produced at 6°C were 85 ± 4 µm in diameter, but decreased to 80 ± 3 µm at 24°C. Female cephalothorax length was 840 ± 52 and 692 ± 39 µm at 9 and 24°C, respectively. Parallel hatching experiments were performed between non-acclimatized and acclimatized cultures across a range of...... temperatures reflecting natural conditions in Danish waters. A greater fraction of eggs enter quiescence as temperature declines. Eggs were able to hatch at temperatures as low as 1.5°C. Final egg hatching success increased with temperature. Acclimatization of the copepods resulted in a lower maximum hatching...

  1. Prey detection and prey capture in copepod nauplii.

    Eleonora Bruno

    Full Text Available Copepod nauplii are either ambush feeders that feed on motile prey or they produce a feeding current that entrains prey cells. It is unclear how ambush and feeding-current feeding nauplii perceive and capture prey. Attack jumps in ambush feeding nauplii should not be feasible at low Reynolds numbers due to the thick viscous boundary layer surrounding the attacking nauplius. We use high-speed video to describe the detection and capture of phytoplankton prey by the nauplii of two ambush feeding species (Acartia tonsa and Oithona davisae and by the nauplii of one feeding-current feeding species (Temora longicornis. We demonstrate that the ambush feeders both detect motile prey remotely. Prey detection elicits an attack jump, but the jump is not directly towards the prey, such as has been described for adult copepods. Rather, the nauplius jumps past the prey and sets up an intermittent feeding current that pulls in the prey from behind towards the mouth. The feeding-current feeding nauplius detects prey arriving in the feeding current but only when the prey is intercepted by the setae on the feeding appendages. This elicits an altered motion pattern of the feeding appendages that draws in the prey.

  2. Biochemical and toxicological effects of organic (herbicide Primextra(®) Gold TZ) and inorganic (copper) compounds on zooplankton and phytoplankton species.

    Filimonova, Valentina; Gonçalves, Fernando; Marques, João C; De Troch, Marleen; Gonçalves, Ana M M

    2016-08-01

    In Europe, mainly in the Mediterranean region, an intensive usage of pesticides was recorded during the past 30 years. According to information from agricultural cooperatives of the Mondego valley (Figueira da Foz, Portugal), Primextra(®) Gold TZ is the most used herbicide in corn crop fields and one of the 20 best-selling herbicides in Portugal. Copper is mainly used in pesticide formulations. This study aims to determine the ecotoxicological and biochemical (namely fatty acid profiles) effects of the herbicide Primextra(®) Gold TZ and the metal copper on marine plankton. The organisms used in this study are three planktonic species: the marine diatom Thalassiosira weissflogii, the estuarine copepod Acartia tonsa and nauplii of the marine brine shrimp Artemia franciscana. Fatty acids (FAs) are one of the most important molecules transferred across the plant-animal interface in aquatic food webs and can be used as good indicators of stress. The conducted lab incubations show that T. weissflogii is the most sensitive species to the herbicide followed by A. tonsa (EC50=0.0078mg/L and EC50=0.925mg/L, respectively), whereas the copepod was the most sensitive species to the metal followed by T. weissflogii (EC50=0.234mg/L and EC50=0.383mg/L, respectively). A. franciscana was the most tolerant organism both to the herbicide and to the metal (EC50=20.35mg/L and EC50=18.93mg/L, respectively). Changes in the FA profiles of primary producer and primary consumers were observed, with the increase of saturated FA and decrease of unsaturated FA contents, especially of highly unsaturated FAs that can be obtained mainly from food and therefore are referred to as 'essential FA'. The study suggests that discharges of Primextra(®) Gold TZ or other pesticides mainly composed by copper may be a threat to plankton populations causing changes in the FA contents and thus in their nutritive value, with severe repercussions for higher trophic levels and thus the entire food web. PMID

  3. Analisis Flypaper Effect Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Dana Transfer Pemerintah Pusat, Dana Transfer Pemerintah Provinsi, Dan Belanja Daerah Terhadap Efisiensi Kinerja Keuangan Pemerintah Daerah Kabupaten/Kota Jawa Barat (2012-2014)

    Pratiwi, Peby Eldina

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to analyze Flypaper Effect in Local Own Revenue, Central government transfer funds, Provincial government transfer funds, and Regional Expenditure the efficiency of financial performance. This population gather empirical evidence. The population in this study is the district and town in the province of West Java period 2012-2014. In composing this skripsi, the author use associative causal research design. Sampling method used by the author ispurposive sampling. Data types us...

  4. Nota sobre o transporte de krill (euphausia superba Dana vivo da antártica para o Brasil Note on the transportation of a live krill (Euphausia superba Dana from Antartic to Brazil

    Van Ngan Phan

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available É apresentado nesta nota experimento sobre o transporte do krill vivo da Antartica para o Brasil, realizado durante a V Expedição Brasileira à Antártica, verão 1986-1987. O sistema de aquário utilizado e a mortalidade do krill em função do tempo e de outros eventos durante o experimento são descritos. A importância deste experimento para o desenvolvimento do estudo experimental do krill é discutida.In this note an experiment on transportation of alive krill from the Antarctica to Brazil during the V Brazilian Expedition to the Antarcticas austral summer 1986-198?3 was reported. The aquarium system and the krill mortality in function of time and other events dur-lng the experiment were described. The importance of this experiment for the development of experimental studies of krill was discussed.

  5. Descriptions of Acartia (Euacartia) southwelli Sewell 1914 and A. (Euacartia) sarojus n.sp. from India and status of the subgenus Euacartia Steuer 1923

    Madhupratap, M.; Haridas, P

    stream_size 8 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Hydrobiologia_292-293_67.pdf.txt stream_source_info Hydrobiologia_292-293_67.pdf.txt Content-Encoding ISO-8859-1 Content-Type text/plain; charset=ISO-8859-1 ...

  6. Analisis Yuridis Pengelolaan Dana Otonomi Khusus di Provinsi Aceh berdasarkan Undang-Undang Nomor 11 Tahun 2006 tentang Pemerintahan Aceh

    Angkat, Nur Aulia

    2010-01-01

    Regional government performance of Indonesia is conducted through decentralized power of central government by authorizing the autonomy to regulate and arrange for self-household, either in general, special, or special autonomy. The types of autonomy give certain colour in performance of regional government through special authorities to specific region, not to others, such as special autonomy of Aceh Province based on the law No. 11/2006 regarding the Aceh Government. The special autonomy gi...

  7. Pelaksanaan Perjanjian Pinjaman Dana Program Kemitraan Antara PT. Pelabuhan Indonesia I (Persero) Cabang Belawan Dengan Mitra Binaannya

    Yusrizal, Muhammad

    2011-01-01

    A state owned company has an important role in organizing the national economy in order to realize the people's welfare. A state owned company has a strategic role in conducting the development of the private business and the Cooperative. The government has mandate the state owned company to participate in supporting the government to implement government’s policy that has been outlined in the regulations. This is a base principle to get the research to answer the question, how the partnershi...

  8. JUŽNOVELEBITSKA MIRILA – OD ISTRAŽIVANJA PROFESORA ANTE GLAVIČIĆA DO DANAS

    TROŠELJ, MIRJANA

    2013-01-01

    Prof. Ante Glavičić provodio je krajem sedamdesetih godina prošloga stoljeća sustavna povijesno-arheološka i etnografska istraživanja na južnom Velebitu i njegovu Podgorju. Pokazalo se da velebitski prostor otvara brojne probleme od pretpovijesti do 20. st. pa je toj složenoj problematici trebalo pristupiti interdisciplinarno, drugim riječima; trebalo se kretati iz jedne znanstvene discipline u drugu da bi se došlo do relevantnih rezultata. Takav pristup doveo ga je i do etnološkog problem...

  9. Latest research results on the effects of nanomaterials on humans and the environment: DaNa - Knowledge Base Nanomaterials

    Marquardt, C.; Kühnel, D.; Richter, V.; Krug, H. F.; Mathes, B.; Steinbach, C.; Nau, K.

    2013-04-01

    Nanotechnology is considered one of the key technologies of the 21st century. The success of this fascinating technology is based on its versatility. It will bring about fundamental changes of basic research as well as of many sectors of industry and also of daily life from electronics to the health care system. However, consumers often miss reliable and understandable information on nanomaterials and all aspects of this versatile technology. A huge body of data on the potential hazards of nanoobjects towards human and environmental health already exists, but is either not easily accessible for a broad audience or presented unprocessable for nonexperts. But risk communication is an essential and thus integral component of risk management. For that purpose, the DaNa-Project aims at filling this gap by collecting and evaluating scientific results in an interdisciplinary approach with scientists from different research areas, such as human and environmental toxicology, biology, physics, chemistry, and sociology. Research findings from the field of human and environmental nanotoxicology are being prepared and presented together with material properties and possible applications for interested laymen and stakeholders. For the evaluation of literature a "Literature Criteria Checklist" has been developed as well as a Standard Operation Procedure template (SOP) based on careful scientific practice.

  10. Latest research results on the effects of nanomaterials on humans and the environment: DaNa – Knowledge Base Nanomaterials

    Nanotechnology is considered one of the key technologies of the 21st century. The success of this fascinating technology is based on its versatility. It will bring about fundamental changes of basic research as well as of many sectors of industry and also of daily life from electronics to the health care system. However, consumers often miss reliable and understandable information on nanomaterials and all aspects of this versatile technology. A huge body of data on the potential hazards of nanoobjects towards human and environmental health already exists, but is either not easily accessible for a broad audience or presented unprocessable for nonexperts. But risk communication is an essential and thus integral component of risk management. For that purpose, the DaNa-Project aims at filling this gap by collecting and evaluating scientific results in an interdisciplinary approach with scientists from different research areas, such as human and environmental toxicology, biology, physics, chemistry, and sociology. Research findings from the field of human and environmental nanotoxicology are being prepared and presented together with material properties and possible applications for interested laymen and stakeholders. For the evaluation of literature a 'Literature Criteria Checklist' has been developed as well as a Standard Operation Procedure template (SOP) based on careful scientific practice.

  11. Analisis Pengaruh Bauran Promosi Terhadap Dana Simpanan Produk Inovatif SHAR-E Nasabah Bank Muamalat Indonesia Cabang Medan

    Barus, Enny Segarahati

    2011-01-01

    In the recent Global Crysis Era, development of syariah banking in Indonesia is generally decrease for collecting the public fund, Bank Muamalat Indonesia Medan Branch has facing the same problem as well, therefore they has a target to increase the ammount of the Innovative Product Shar-e, therefore, Bank Muamalat Indonesia should determine effective marketing promotion. The first problem formulation in this research is how far the affect of promotion mix to increase the ammount of the Innova...

  12. IMPLEMENTASI PENDISTRIBUSIAN DANA ZAKAT INFAQ DAN SHADAQAH (ZIS PERBANKAN SYARIAH UNTUK PEMBERDAYAAN USAHA KECIL MIKRO (UKM DI MALANG

    Indah Yuliana

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available One of the organization models of tithe, grant, and charity fund is fund organization of qardhul hasan in syariah banking. Its model organization is giving loan toward UKM without sharing outcome. This fund derives from cutting the tithe from official and employee of syariah bank beside from bank customer. Because it is grant fund that is purposed for even distribution of economy, so its allocation must give advantage for low society. This research directs its attention to organization of ZIS from syariah banking. Kind of this research is qualitative descriptive research. The data used is obtained from field through direct observation as primary data and uses information documented forming book, journal, and scientific paper or the research result as secondary data. The organization model and ZIS of syariah bank is conducted by cooperation between BMT and mosque. The distribution of ZIS fund has consumptive and productive characteristics. For productive characteristic is distributed toward small industry micro. Giving this fund is purposed for adding extra amount of modal in order to improve industry that has been pioneered. If the industry improves, the income will increase and furthermore it is hoped that who at first is mustahiq will change to be muzakki.

  13. Zooplankton biomass and abundance of Antarctic krill Euphausia superba DANA in Indian Ocean sector of the southern ocean

    Ingole, B.S.; Parulekar, A

    Zooplankton sampling was carried out during the first six Indian Scientific Expeditions to Antarctica (1981-1987) to estimate krill abundance in the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean (between 35 to 70 degrees S and 10 to 52 degrees E). This study...

  14. Effect of Elevated Carbon Dioxide on Two Scleractinian Corals: Porites cylindrica (Dana, 1846 and Galaxea fascicularis (Linnaeus, 1767

    Yii-Siang Hii

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study reveals the effect of elevated pCO2 on Porites cylindrica and Galaxea fascicularis. The corals responded differently under elevated pCO2. Zooxanthellae cell density, cell mitotic index, and photosynthesis rate of P. cylindrica decreased drastically under the elevated pCO2. At the end of the experiment, P. cylindrica suffered from a declining calcium carbonate precipitation rate. G. fascicularis increased its respiration rate and expelled 71% of its symbiotic zooxanthellae algae under elevated pCO2. Photosynthetic pigments in the remaining zooxanthellae algae increased from 1.85 to 11.5 times to sustain its photosynthetic outputs. At the end of the experiment, G. fascicularis managed to increase the rate of its calcium carbonate precipitation. Increase pCO2 in the atmosphere may affect species diversity of coral reefs.

  15. socialno starševstvo kot širitev koncepta starševstva v današnjem svetu

    Zaviršek, Darja

    2015-01-01

    Social parenthood is a social relation, social cathegory, and a concept which due to changes in people's everyday life has gained scientific attention. The concept of social parenthood stands in opposition to the biological parenthood and challenges the assumption that parenthood refers to kinship.Parenthood hasnever been exclusively based on biological relations. Social parenthood refers to children and adults that are not related by blood. In Slovenia, parenthood is taken to equal consangui...

  16. Pengaruh Dana Alokasi Khusus Bidang Pendidikan Dan Kesehatan Terhadap Kemiskinan Di Kabupaten/Kota Provinsi Sumatera Utara

    Barus, Satria Bintoro

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to find out and to analyze whether Special Alocation Fund which concentrate to education sector and health sector influence to the poverty in North Sumatera province. The analyze method that is used in this research is quantitative method with multiple linear regression with classical assumption test before finding out the best linear model. The variable used in this research are Special Alocation Fund education sector, Special Alocation Fund health secto...

  17. Pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Dana Alokasi Umum dan Jumlah Penduduk terhadap Belanja Daerah Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi

    Andri Devita

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to analyze the influence of Locally-Generated Revenue (PAD, General Allocation Fund (DAU, and the population of the regional budget district/city in Jambi Province. Data in this research is regional budget, PAD, DAU and population. When it is observed from its effect by using fixed effect model, it can be seen that PAD dan DAU in total or partial can improve direct spending and indirect spending meanwhile population can reduce the improvement of direct spending. It is different with indirect spending which has positive effect because the growing of population in regency/city in Jambi can improve the allocation of employee spending meanwhile for direct spending especially for capital spending is not efficient.

  18. Kamo vode današnje strategije programa vrijednosti na turističkom tržištu?

    Gjivoje, Davor

    2008-01-01

    SAŽETAK Industrija slobodnog vremena sektor je s najvećim prodajnim kapacitetima unutar turističke privrede. Međutim, u njemu trenutačno postoji prevelika ponuda, što ima za posljedicu pojačanu konkurenciju i sve manje marže, opću nesposobnost da se ispune očekivanja gostiju te nedovoljnu iskorištenost prikupljenih podataka o preferencijama gostiju. Ta se neučinkovitost u ovom trenutku ne ispravlja niti rješava suvremenim «programima vjernosti» unutar tog sektora. Godine 1981., potak...

  19. Pengaruh Pertumbuhan Ekonomi, Pendapatan Asli Daerah, Dana Alokasi Umum, Terhadap Belanja Modal pada Pemerintah Provinsi se Indonesia

    Sartika, Edna

    2015-01-01

    The objective of the research was to know the influence of Economic Growth, Local Own Revenue, and General Alocation Fund the Capital Expenditure on Provines goverments throughout Indonesia, from 2011 to 2013. The population was 33 provinces in Indonesia, and 31 of them were used as the samples which met the criteria so that 93 observations were obtained. The data were secondary data . The type of the research was a causal research. The hypothesis was tested by using multiple linear regres...

  20. „30 dana što su potresli Bjelovar“ - Odbor Narodnog vijeća Bjelovara tokom studenog 1918. godine

    Karaula, Željko

    2008-01-01

    Ovaj rad pokazuje na temelju arhivske građe i novina, te ostale literature kako su grad Bjelovar i okolica dočekali raspad Austro-Ugarske krajem 1918. godine, što je bio uzrok otvaranju mnogih nagomilanih političkih, društvenih i socijalnih problema što su stajali u „sjeni rata“. U tom vremenu „interregnuma“ kada su anarhija i kaotičnost u kombinaciji sa velikim zanosom i raspoloženjem bile prisutne u Hrvatskoj, one su i najbolji su prikaz okolnosti u kojima se stvarala nova Država Slovenaca, Hr...

  1. Pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD) Dan Dana Transfer Terhadap Belanja Modal Pada Pemerintahan Kabupaten/Kota Di Aceh

    Siregar, Anggi Rezeki

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to examine the significant impact of Local Own Revenue (PAD), Government Transfer which consisting of General Alocation Funds (DAU), Tax Product Shared Fund, and Nature Resources Product Shared Fund toward capital expenditure in regency/city at Aceh Province. The research method that used in this research is causal research design, and with 23 regency/city as a sample for every year. The research is done for 2008 - 2010 period. This research utilizes sec...

  2. Methyl mercury uptake by diverse marine phytoplankton and trophic transfer to zooplankton

    Lee, C. S.; Fisher, N. S.

    2014-12-01

    While it is well known that methylmercury (MeHg) biomagnifies in aquatic food chains, few studies have quantified its bioaccumulation in marine phytoplankton from seawater, even though that is overwhelmingly the largest bioaccumulation step. Aquatic animals acquire MeHg mainly from dietary exposure and it is important to evaluate the bioaccumulation of this compound in planktonic organisms that form the base of marine food webs. We used a gamma-emitting radioisotope, 203Hg, to assess the rate and extent of MeHg uptake in marine diatoms, dinoflagellates, coccolithophores, cryptophytes chlorophytes, and cyanobacteria held in unialgal cultures under varying temperature and light conditions. For experimental conditions in which the dissolved MeHg was at 300 pM, the uptake rates in all species ranged from 0.004 to 0.75 amol Hg μm-3 cell volume d-1 and reached steady state within 2 d. Volume concentration factors (VCFs) ranged from 0.4 to 60 x 105 for the different species. Temperature and light conditions had no direct effect on cellular MeHg uptake but ultimately affected growth of the cells, resulting in greater suspended particulate matter and associated MeHg. VCFs strongly correlated with cell surface area to volume ratios in all species. Assimilation efficiencies of MeHg from phytoplankton food (Thalassiosira pseudonana, Dunaliella tertiolecta and Rhodomonas salina) in a marine copepod grazer (Acartia tonsa) ranged from 74 to 92%, directly proportional to the cytoplasmic partitioning of MeHg in the phytoplankton cells. MeHg uptake in copepods from the aqueous phase was low and modeling shows that nearly all the MeHg acquired by this zooplankter is from diet. Herbivorous zooplankton can be an important link from phytoplankton at the base of the food web to fish higher in the food chain.

  3. The kinematics of swimming and relocation jumps in copepod nauplii.

    Andersen Borg, Christian Marc; Bruno, Eleonora; Kiørboe, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    Copepod nauplii move in a world dominated by viscosity. Their swimming-by-jumping propulsion mode, with alternating power and recovery strokes of three pairs of cephalic appendages, is fundamentally different from the way other microplankters move. Protozoans move using cilia or flagella, and copepodites are equipped with highly specialized swimming legs. In some species the nauplius may also propel itself more slowly through the water by beating and rotating the appendages in a different, more complex pattern. We use high-speed video to describe jumping and swimming in nauplii of three species of pelagic copepods: Temora longicornis, Oithona davisae and Acartia tonsa. The kinematics of jumping is similar between the three species. Jumps result in a very erratic translation with no phase of passive coasting and the nauplii move backwards during recovery strokes. This is due to poorly synchronized recovery strokes and a low beat frequency relative to the coasting time scale. For the same reason, the propulsion efficiency of the nauplii is low. Given the universality of the nauplius body plan, it is surprising that they seem to be inefficient when jumping, which is different from the very efficient larger copepodites. A slow-swimming mode is only displayed by T. longicornis. In this mode, beating of the appendages results in the creation of a strong feeding current that is about 10 times faster than the average translation speed of the nauplius. The nauplius is thus essentially hovering when feeding, which results in a higher feeding efficiency than that of a nauplius cruising through the water. PMID:23115647

  4. Feast or flee: bioelectrical regulation of feeding and predator evasion behaviors in the planktonic alveolate Favella sp. (Spirotrichia).

    Echevarria, Michael L; Wolfe, Gordon V; Taylor, Alison R

    2016-02-01

    Alveolate (ciliates and dinoflagellates) grazers are integral components of the marine food web and must therefore be able to sense a range of mechanical and chemical signals produced by prey and predators, integrating them via signal transduction mechanisms to respond with effective prey capture and predator evasion behaviors. However, the sensory biology of alveolate grazers is poorly understood. Using novel techniques that combine electrophysiological measurements and high-speed videomicroscopy, we investigated the sensory biology of Favella sp., a model alveolate grazer, in the context of its trophic ecology. Favella sp. produced frequent rhythmic depolarizations (∼500 ms long) that caused backward swimming and are responsible for endogenous swimming patterns relevant to foraging. Contact of both prey cells and non-prey polystyrene microspheres at the cilia produced immediate mechanostimulated depolarizations (∼500 ms long) that caused backward swimming, and likely underlie aggregative swimming patterns of Favella sp. in response to patches of prey. Contact of particles at the peristomal cavity that were not suitable for ingestion resulted in depolarizations after a lag of ∼600 ms, allowing time for particles to be processed before rejection. Ingestion of preferred prey particles was accompanied by transient hyperpolarizations (∼1 s) that likely regulate this step of the feeding process. Predation attempts by the copepod Acartia tonsa elicited fast (∼20 ms) animal-like action potentials accompanied by rapid contraction of the cell to avoid predation. We have shown that the sensory mechanisms of Favella sp. are finely tuned to the type, location, and intensity of stimuli from prey and predators. PMID:26567352

  5. How much crude oil can zooplankton ingest? Estimating the quantity of dispersed crude oil defecated by planktonic copepods.

    Almeda, Rodrigo; Connelly, Tara L; Buskey, Edward J

    2016-01-01

    We investigated and quantified defecation rates of crude oil by 3 species of marine planktonic copepods (Temora turbinata, Acartia tonsa, and Parvocalanus crassirostris) and a natural copepod assemblage after exposure to mechanically or chemically dispersed crude oil. Between 88 and 100% of the analyzed fecal pellets from three species of copepods and a natural copepod assemblage exposed for 48 h to physically or chemically dispersed light crude oil contained crude oil droplets. Crude oil droplets inside fecal pellets were smaller (median diameter: 2.4-3.5 μm) than droplets in the physically and chemically dispersed oil emulsions (median diameter: 6.6 and 8.0 μm, respectively). This suggests that copepods can reject large crude oil droplets or that crude oil droplets are broken into smaller oil droplets before or during ingestion. Depending on the species and experimental treatments, crude oil defecation rates ranged from 5.3 to 245 ng-oil copepod(-1) d(-1), which represent a mean weight-specific defecation rate of 0.026 μg-oil μg-Ccopepod(1) d(-1). Considering a dispersed crude oil concentration commonly found in the water column after oil spills (1 μl L(-1)) and copepod abundances in high productive coastal areas, copepods may defecate ∼ 1.3-2.6 mg-oil m(-3) d(-1), which would represent ∼ 0.15%-0.30% of the total dispersed oil per day. Our results indicate that ingestion and subsequent defecation of crude oil by planktonic copepods has a small influence on the overall mass of oil spills in the short term, but may be quantitatively important in the flux of oil from surface water to sediments and in the transfer of low-solubility, toxic petroleum hydrocarbons into food webs after crude oil spills in the sea. PMID:26586632

  6. Sample variability of zooplankton in the nearshore off Louisiana with consideration of sampling design

    Park, Chul; Wormuth, John H.; Wolff, Gary A.

    1989-02-01

    Variability in zooplankton samples was examined to identify a proper sampling design for unbiased estimates of zooplankton abundances. Samples were selected in the nearshore about 16 km south of Louisiana during one night and 2 days in October 1985 using a 1 m 2 multiple Opening/Closing net and Environmental Sensing System fitted with 0.333 mm mesh nets. Data obtained from 21 tows of three different tow lengths at mid depth (about 5 m, water depth 10 m) were analysed. There seemed to be different patterns of vertical migration and these vertical migrations were shown to explain about 75% of total sample variability in the study area. These were: usual vertical migration ( Centropages velificatus, Chaetognatha, Eucalanus spp., Phialidium spp., Paracalanus spp. and Temora turbinata), weak vertical migration with elapsed phase (Doliolida A and Oikopleura spp.), and reversed vertical migration ( Acartia tonsa). The relationship between mean abundances and tow distance was weak, but the variance of the abundance estimates showed an exponentially decreasing trend with an increase of tow distance when populations were at their maximum, probably due to vertical migration. From nonlinear regression analyses with the model (variance)= A + B e c(tow distance), the minimum tow distance that would provide a stabilized variance of abundance estimate was determined. It varied among taxa from 43 to 140 m with an average of 80 m. Vertically stratified sampling with a minimum tow distance of about 140 m is suggested as a proper sampling scheme for the unbiased estimation of abundances in a nearshore environment like the sampling site of this study.

  7. ORGANOCHLORINE PESTICIDES (OCS) AND POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCBS) IN SEDIMENTS AND CRABS (Chasmagnathus granulata, DANA, 1851) FROM MANGROVES OF GUANABARA BAY, RIO DE JANEIRO STATE, BRAZIL

    de Souza, Alexandre Santos; Torres, João Paulo Machado; Meire, Rodrigo Ornellas; Neves, Rafael Curcio; Couri, Márcia Souto; Serejo, Cristiana Silveira

    2008-01-01

    Organochlorinated compounds, seven indicator PCB congeners, DDT and its main metabolites, were determined in sediment and crab (Chasmagnathus granulata) samples collected from mangrove areas near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Samples were analysed according to the FAO/SIDA protocols using continuous non-polar solvent extraction and a conventional GC-ECD apparatus. The highest levels of total PCB congeners and total DDT metabolites in sediments (184.16 and 37.40 ng.g−1d.w. respectively) and crab egg...

  8. Šale i strašilice - najživli delovi usmene kniževnosti današne dece?

    Pospíšilová, Jana

    Novi Sad : Filozofski fakultet, 2012 - (Karanovič, Z.; Blécourt, W.), s. 229-238 ISBN 978-86-6065-146-6. [The Third BNN Symposium Belief Narrative Genres. Novi Sad (RS), 28.08.2012-30.08.2012] Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : The living tradition * children's folklore * funny rhymes * horror stories * Czech Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  9. Šale i strašilice - najživli delovi usmene kniževnosti današne dece?

    Pospíšilová, Jana

    Novi Sad : Filozofski fakultet, 2012 - (Karanovič, Z.; Blécourt, W.). 55-56 ISBN 978-86-6065-146-6. [The Third BNN Symposium Belief Narrative Genres. 28.08.2012-30.08.2012, Novi Sad] Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  10. Analisis Pengaruh Dana Pihak Ketiga, Capital Adequacy Ratio, Non Performing Loan, Loan to Deposit Ratio, dan Return on Asset terhadap Penyaluran Kredit Bank Pembangunan Daerah di Indonesia

    Giovanny, Aditya

    2015-01-01

    The formula of problem in this research is: Do the Third Party Funds (TPF), Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), Non Performing Loan (NPL), Loan to Deposit Ratio (LDR), and Return on Asset (ROA) influence on Credit Distributions Bank Pembangunan Daerah in Indonesia. This research aimed to know and analyze the effect of Third Party Funds (TPF), Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), Non Performing Loan (NPL), Loan to Deposit Ratio (LDR), and Return on Asset (ROA) of the Credit Distributions at Bank Pembanguna...

  11. Pengaruh Dana Alokasi Umum, Pendapatan Asli Daerah, dan Belanja Modal Terhadap Pendapatan Perkapita Pada Kabupaten dan Kota di Provinsi Sumatera Barat

    Siregar, Sabar

    2016-01-01

    This study analyzed the influence region government expense and Local Own Revenue to Capita Revenue in regency Government at West Sumatera Province. The method of this minithesis that used in this research is causal research design, and with 18 regency/ city as a sample for every year from 19 regency/ city at West Sumatera Province. This research is done for 2009-2013 period. This research utilizes secondary data. The data are taken from Government Statistic Center of West Sumatera . The data...

  12. Analisis Pengaruh Dana Pihak Ketiga, Capital Adequacy Ratio, Loan To Deposit Ratio Dan Non Performing Loan Terhadap Volume Kredit Pada Bank Yang Terdapat Di BEI

    Didce Imelda Cristina L.T.

    2014-01-01

    Banking is a very important part in the economy, one of whose duties as an intermediary institution to collect and distribute funds from the community back in the form of credit. The purpose of this research was to determine the extent to which the relationship of Third Party Funds (TPF), Capital Adequacy Ratio (CAR), Loan to Deposite Ratio (LDR) and Non-Performing Loans (NPL) to the amount of credit at Bank Limited in Indonesia. Independent variables used in this study is the Third Party Fun...

  13. Svijest o grešnosti kod današnjih mladih. Sociološki i pastoralno-katehetski vid

    MANDARIĆ, Valentina

    2001-01-01

    U oblikovanju identiteta i usvajanju temeljnih vrednota kod mladog čovjeka važnu ulogu ima socio-kulturološki ambijent. U ovom članku riječ je o temeljnim odrednicama duhovno-kulturnog obzorja koji oblikuje životno iskustvo mladih. Pritom se ističe da prenaglašeni subjektivizam, afektivni, intelektualni i duhovni nomadizam, konzumizam, hedonizam i krivo poimanje slobode imaju u tom procesu najjači utjecaj. Mladi odrastaju u etički neutralnom društvu koje je u cjelini obil...

  14. Politička ekonomija reformiranja samoupravnog socijalizma – od europeizacije Jugoslavije do balkanizacije današnjeg EU-a

    Kovač, Bogomir

    2012-01-01

    Šezdesete godine XX. stoljeća znače kraj europskog zlatnog doba poslijeratnog razvoja, a socijalističke ekonomije, premda nedovoljno spremne za prilagođavanje novim situacijama, počinju s ekonomskim reformama. Jugoslavenska savezna vlast najavila je ekonomske reforme 1961. i 1965. koje označavaju najbolji program reformi i modernizacije u institucionalnom razvoju socijalističke Jugoslavije. Samoupravni se sistem bazirao na premisama da državna kontrola ekonomije i državno pl...

  15. Slika Krista. Teološko-umjetnički uvid u sliku Isusa Krista od njenih početaka do danas

    REBIĆ, Adalbert

    2005-01-01

    U članku teološki analiziramo sliku Krista kroz povijest sa svim svojim stilskim i teološkim pomacima, s duhovnim stremljenjima pojedinih epoha povijesti. U najranije doba, u III. i IV. stoljeću, Krista prikazuju najprije simbolima ribe, vinove vitice, janjeta i slično, potom preuzimajući elemente iz grčko-rimskoga svijeta slikaju Krista u slici boga Sunca, pa u slici dobroga pastira. Stilske izmjene i ikonografske preobrazbe slike Krista kroz povijest kršćanstva, osobito kroz srednji vijek, ...

  16. Makedonsko-srpski odnosi i veze u sjevernom makedonskom graničnom području od oslobođenja do danas

    Dimitrijevski, Marjan

    2007-01-01

    The Northern border of Macedonia has always been important, according to its relevance in defining borders with Northern neighbors: Republic of Serbia and Kosovo and Metohija. Several key elements have been defining the border line between Macedonia and Northern neighbors. The first factor is the difficulty which comes with the problem of defining the national system of people who live near the border itself and according to which the border had been and is defined. So, according to thi...

  17. Analisis Implementasi dan Evaluasi Efektifitas Dana Bantuan Operasional Kesehatan (BOK) terhadap Pencapaian Standar Pelayanan Minimal (SPM) Bidang Kesehatan di Kota Sibolga Sumatera Utara

    Hutagalung, Hotma Nauli

    2013-01-01

    The policy of Health Operational Assistance (HOA/BOK) is provided by the government expecting that it could contribute in increasing the access and the equity of Primary Health Care (PHC) especially through the activity of promotion and prevention in accordance with Minimal Standard Service(MSS) in health sector focus on the achievement of Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) in 2015. Entering the fourth year of BOK, the difficulties in its implementation are still found out a...

  18. Današnji trendovi kriminala u svezi sa zloporabom droga i važne karakteristike kriminalističko-metodičkog pristupa u suzbijanju

    Klarić, Dubravko

    2009-01-01

    U širokom spektru problema koji se pojavljuju vezano uz sociopatološku pojavu zloporabe droga, jedan od najvažnijih je kriminal u svezi sa zlopora¬bom droga, u različitim pratećim oblicima primarni, sekundarni i tercijarni, koje treba kriminalistički prepoznavati ali isto tako u suzbijanju gledati kao nerazdvojnu cjelinu zloporabe droge. Svi ti oblici imaju dijalektičnost, među¬sobnu povezanost, komplementarnost, kako u počinjenju, karakteristikama počinitelja tako i štetnim posljedicama po d...

  19. Monitoring anthropogenic sewage pollution on mangrove creeks in southern Mozambique: A test of Palaemon concinnus Dana, 1852 (Palaemonidae) as a biological indicator

    Penha-Lopes, G.; Torres, P.; Cannicci, S.; Narciso, L.; Paula, J.

    2011-01-01

    Tropical coastal ecosystems, such as mangroves, have a great ecological and socioeconomic importance for adjacent systems and local populations, but intensive environmental impact monitoring is still lacking, mainly in East Africa. This study evaluated the potential anthropogenic disturbance on...... Palaemon concinnus population structure and fitness. Palaemon concinnus populations from one pen-urban (domestic sewage impacted) and two pristine mangrove creeks were studied by sampling nearly 100 shrimps per location every 15 days for 12 months. The shrimps at the pen-urban location were larger......, experienced longer reproductive periods, presented higher proportion of ovigerous females and better embryo quality when compared with shrimps inhabiting pristine locations. Physiological indices (RNA/DNA ratio) were similar between shrimps at pristine and pen-urban mangroves. However, a higher level of...

  20. PENINGKATAN PARTISIPASI DAN KETERAMPILAN SISWA MELALUI MODEL THINK PAIR SHARE PADA KOMPETENSI DASAR MEMBUKUKAN MUTASI DAN SELISIH DANA KAS KECIL DI SMK BHAKTI PERSADA KENDAL

    Wahibah Lana In Ma

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Subjek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas XI Administrasi Perkantoran SMK Bhakti Persada Kendal. Rancangan penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas dengan tiga siklus, dimana setiap siklus meliputi perencanaan, pelaksanaan, pengamatan, dan refleksi. Metode pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode tes, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Metode analisis data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan analisis deskriptif..Hasil penelitian pada siklus I menunjukkan partisipasi siswa sebesar 65,50% dalam kategori cukup partisipatif, keterampilan siswa sebesar 68,38% dalam kategori cukup terampil, ketuntasan klasikal 65,50% dengan rata-rata hasil belajar 73,25. Untuk hasil penelitian siklus II menunjukkan partisipasi siswa sebesar 69% , keterampilan siswa sebesar 73,30%, ketuntasan klasikal 61,29%, menunjukkan rata-rata hasil belajar siswa sebesar 79,96. Untuk hasil penelitian siklus III menunjukkan partisipasi siswa sebesar 82,87%, keterampilan siswa sebesar 82,01%, ketuntasan klasikal 77,41% dengan rata-rata hasil belajar siswa sebesar 79,48. The subjects were students of class XI Administrative SMK Bhakti Persada Kendal. The design of this study is a class action with three cycles, where each cycle includes planning, implementation, observation, and reflection. Data collection methods used in this research is the method of testing, observation, and documentation. Data collection methods used in this research is the method of testing, observation, and documentation. Methods of data analysis in this research using descriptive analysis. The results of the study in the first cycle shows student participation of 65.50 % in the category of participatory enough, the skills students 68,38% in the category of skilled enoug, classical completeness 65.50% with an average of 73.25 learning outcomes. For the second cycle study results showed a 69% student participation, student skills at 73.30, 61.29% classical completeness, showed an average of 79.96 students' learning outcomes. For the results of the third cycle studies show student participation by 82.87%, 82.01% of the students skills, classical completeness 77.41% with an average of 79.48 students' learning outcomes.

  1. Monitoring anthropogenic sewage pollution on mangrove creeks in southern Mozambique: A test of Palaemon concinnus Dana, 1852 (Palaemonidae) as a biological indicator

    Tropical coastal ecosystems, such as mangroves, have a great ecological and socioeconomic importance for adjacent systems and local populations, but intensive environmental impact monitoring is still lacking, mainly in East Africa. This study evaluated the potential anthropogenic disturbance on Palaemon concinnus population structure and fitness. Palaemon concinnus populations from one peri-urban (domestic sewage impacted) and two pristine mangrove creeks were studied by sampling nearly 100 shrimps per location every 15 days for 12 months. The shrimps at the peri-urban location were larger, experienced longer reproductive periods, presented higher proportion of ovigerous females and better embryo quality when compared with shrimps inhabiting pristine locations. Physiological indices (RNA/DNA ratio) were similar between shrimps at pristine and peri-urban mangroves. However, a higher level of parasitation by a Bopyridae isopod, Pseudione elongata indicated some degree of stress on the host at the peri-urban mangrove, with potential effects on the host population dynamics. -Research highlights: → Domestic sewage discharges at low concentrations increase fauna mangrove population parameters, due to the nutrient limitations. → Shrimps in the peri-urban mangrove location were larger, had longer reproductive periods, higher ovigerous females proportions and better embryo. → Physiological indice analysis (RNA/DNA ratio) between pristine and peri-urban mangroves. → Within the peri-urban mangrove, high levels of parasitation by Pseudionee longata caused stress and potential effects on the host population dynamics. → The effects of sewage on P. concinnus population increased the choice of possible bioindicators in East African coastal water. - The identification of the effects of the peri-urban conditions on P. concinnus increases the choice of possible bioindicators in East African coastal waters.

  2. Dana Cole, Georgia Division of Public Health, Notifiable Disease Section, Department of Human Resources, 2 Peachtree Free-living Canada Geese and Antimicrobial Resistance

    Cole, Dana; Drum, David J.V.; Stallknecht, David E.; White, David G.; Lee, Margie D.; Ayers, Sherry; Sobsey, Mark; Maurer, John J

    2005-01-01

    We describe antimicrobial resistance among Escherichia coli isolated from free-living Canada Geese in Georgia and North Carolina (USA). Resistance patterns are compared to those reported by the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System. Canada Geese may be vectors of antimicrobial resistance and resistance genes in agricultural environments.

  3. Pengaruh Partisipasi Penyusunan Anggaran Dan Penggunaan Instrumen Manajemen Terhadap Kinerja Pengelolaan Dana Bantuan Global Fund Komponen AIDS Pada Kementerian Kesehatan RI

    Nurlinda

    2010-01-01

    This research is aiming to test the effect of participation in budget and the use of management instrument on the performance of fund management of the The Global Fund . AIDS Component in the Health Ministery which involves many variables such as managerial quality, resources and organizational culture as control variable. This research is a causal research and the population used in this research is the whole part of Global Fund . AIDS Component which consist of 126 personnel from 19 pro...

  4. Pengaruh Dana Perimbangan, Belanja Modal, dan Belanja Pegawai Terhadap Tingkat Kemandirian Keuangan Daerah Pada Pemerintah Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Sumatera Utara (2010-2013)

    Simatupang, Ferian Fernando

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine how the effect of equalization funds, capital expenditure, employee expenditure to the level of local financial independence in the province of North Sumatra in 2010-2013. The population used in this study are all districts / cities in North Sumatra. The samples used in this study was 48 samples. With this method of data collection documentation. Testing the hypothesis in this study using multiple linear regression. The results showed that the partia...

  5. Monitoring anthropogenic sewage pollution on mangrove creeks in southern Mozambique: A test of Palaemon concinnus Dana, 1852 (Palaemonidae) as a biological indicator

    Penha-Lopes, Gil, E-mail: gil.penha-lopes@fc.ul.p [Laboratorio Maritimo da Guia, Centro de Oceanografia, FCUL, Avenida Na Senhora do Cabo, No 939, 2750-374 Cascais (Portugal); Institute of Biology, University of Southern Denmark, DK-5230 Odense M (Denmark); Torres, Paulo, E-mail: biol.paulo@gmail.co [Laboratorio Maritimo da Guia, Centro de Oceanografia, FCUL, Avenida Na Senhora do Cabo, No 939, 2750-374 Cascais (Portugal); Cannicci, Stefano, E-mail: stefano.cannicci@unifi.i [Dipartimento di Biologia Evoluzionistica, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, via Romana 17, I-50125 Firenze (Italy); Narciso, Luis, E-mail: lfnarciso@fc.ul.p [Laboratorio Maritimo da Guia, Centro de Oceanografia, FCUL, Avenida Na Senhora do Cabo, No 939, 2750-374 Cascais (Portugal); Paula, Jose, E-mail: jppaula@fc.ul.p [Laboratorio Maritimo da Guia, Centro de Oceanografia, FCUL, Avenida Na Senhora do Cabo, No 939, 2750-374 Cascais (Portugal)

    2011-02-15

    Tropical coastal ecosystems, such as mangroves, have a great ecological and socioeconomic importance for adjacent systems and local populations, but intensive environmental impact monitoring is still lacking, mainly in East Africa. This study evaluated the potential anthropogenic disturbance on Palaemon concinnus population structure and fitness. Palaemon concinnus populations from one peri-urban (domestic sewage impacted) and two pristine mangrove creeks were studied by sampling nearly 100 shrimps per location every 15 days for 12 months. The shrimps at the peri-urban location were larger, experienced longer reproductive periods, presented higher proportion of ovigerous females and better embryo quality when compared with shrimps inhabiting pristine locations. Physiological indices (RNA/DNA ratio) were similar between shrimps at pristine and peri-urban mangroves. However, a higher level of parasitation by a Bopyridae isopod, Pseudione elongata indicated some degree of stress on the host at the peri-urban mangrove, with potential effects on the host population dynamics. -Research highlights: Domestic sewage discharges at low concentrations increase fauna mangrove population parameters, due to the nutrient limitations. Shrimps in the peri-urban mangrove location were larger, had longer reproductive periods, higher ovigerous females proportions and better embryo. Physiological indice analysis (RNA/DNA ratio) between pristine and peri-urban mangroves. Within the peri-urban mangrove, high levels of parasitation by Pseudionee longata caused stress and potential effects on the host population dynamics. The effects of sewage on P. concinnus population increased the choice of possible bioindicators in East African coastal water. - The identification of the effects of the peri-urban conditions on P. concinnus increases the choice of possible bioindicators in East African coastal waters.

  6. Distribution, abundance and vertical migration pattern of krill - Euphausia superba Dana at fishing area 58 of the Indian Ocean sector of Southern Ocean

    Rathod, V.

    krill ( Euphausia superba ) 5637, krill juveniles 12, salps 6738, jellyfish 35, lanter n fish 2.2, squid 5 .7 and other fishes 2.7. Krill constituted 46% of the total catch while salps constituted 54%. A v erage catch, for krill worked out to be 354...

  7. Zooplankton studies with special reference to krill Euphausia superba Dana from fishing area 58 of Indian Ocean sector in Southern Ocean

    Rathod, V.

    COMMUNICATIONS CURRENT SCIENCE, VOL. 89, NO. 4, 25 AUGUST 2005 681 e - mail: rathod@darya.nio.org 172.2 mm. The values obtained by the two methods are in agreement and within the error limit of ? 10%. Recharge for other... fluctuation yield recharge Month (mm) (m) (%) (mm) May 53.6 0.20 3.1 6.2 June 81.6 0.41 3.1 12.7 July 172.2 0.63 3.1 19.8 August 53.1 0.13 3.1 4.0 September 25.4 0.04 3.1 1.2 RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS CURRENT...

  8. Directional wave and temperature data from three buoys at San Nicolas Island, San Pedro and Dana Point, CA, January 2002 - June 2003 (NODC Accession 0001064)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Coastal Data Information Program (CDIP) is an extensive network for monitoring waves along the coastlines of the United States, with a strong emphasis on our...

  9. Directional wave and temperature data from thirteen buoys at San Nicolas Island, Dana Point and Oceanside, CA, 1997-2002 (NODC Accession 0000774)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The Coastal Data Information Program (CDIP) is an extensive network for monitoring waves along the coastlines of the United States, with a strong emphasis on our...

  10. A three-dimensional biophysical model of Karenia brevis dynamics on the west Florida shelf: A look at physical transport and potential zooplankton grazing controls

    Milroy, Scott P.; Dieterle, Dwight A.; He, Ruoying; Kirkpatrick, Gary J.; Lester, Kristen M.; Steidinger, Karen A.; Vargo, Gabriel A.; Walsh, John J.; Weisberg, Robert H.

    2008-01-01

    The development of accurate predictive models of toxic dinoflagellate blooms is of great ecological importance, particularly in regions that are most susceptible to their detrimental effects. This is especially true along the west Florida shelf (WFS) and coast, where episodic bloom events of the toxic dinoflagellate Karenia brevis often wreak havoc on the valuable commercial fisheries and tourism industries of west Florida. In an effort to explain the dynamics at work within the maintenance and termination phases of a red tide, a simple three-dimensional coupled biophysical model was used in the analysis of the October 1999 red tide offshore Sarasota, Florida. Results of the numerical experiments indicate that: (1) measured and modeled flowfields were capable of transporting the observed offshore inoculum of K. brevis to within 16 km of the coastal boundary; (2) background concentrations (1000 cells L -1) of K. brevis could grow to a red tide of over 2×10 6 cells L -1 in little more than a month, assuming an estuarine initiation site with negligible offshore advection, no grazing losses, negligible competition from other phytoplankton groups, and no nutrient limitation; (3) maximal grazing pressure could not prevent the initiation of a red tide or cause its termination, assuming no other losses to algal biomass and a zooplankton community ingestion rate similar to that of Acartia tonsa; and (4) the light-cued ascent behavior of K. brevis served as an aggregational mechanism, concentrating K. brevis at the 55 μE m -2 s -1 isolume when mean concentrations of K. brevis exceeded 100,000 cells L -1. Further improvements in model fidelity will be accomplished by the future inclusion of phytoplankton competitors, disparate nutrient availability and limitation schemes, a more realistic rendering of the spectral light field and the attendant effects of photo-inhibition and compensation, and a mixed community of vertically-migrating proto- and metazoan grazers. These model

  11. The chronic toxicity of molybdate to marine organisms. I. Generating reliable effects data

    A scientific research program was initiated by the International Molybdenum Association (IMOA) which addressed identified gaps in the environmental toxicity data for the molybdate ion (MoO42−). These gaps were previously identified during the preparation of EU-REACH-dossiers for different molybdenum compounds (European Union regulation on Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemical substances; EC, 2006). Evaluation of the open literature identified few reliable marine ecotoxicological data that could be used for deriving a Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) for the marine environment. Rather than calculating a PNECmarine using the assessment factor methodology on a combined freshwater/marine dataset, IMOA decided to generate sufficient reliable marine chronic data to permit derivation of a PNEC by means of the more scientifically robust species sensitivity distribution (SSD) approach (also called the statistical extrapolation approach). Nine test species were chronically exposed to molybdate (added as sodium molybdate dihydrate, Na2MoO4·2H2O) according to published standard testing guidelines that are acceptable for a broad range of regulatory purposes. The selected test organisms were representative for typical marine trophic levels: micro-algae/diatom (Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Dunaliella tertiolecta), macro-alga (Ceramium tenuicorne), mysids (Americamysis bahia), copepod (Acartia tonsa), fish (Cyprinodon variegatus), echinoderms (Dendraster exentricus, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) and molluscs (Mytilus edulis, Crassostrea gigas). Available NOEC/EC10 levels ranged between 4.4 mg Mo/L (blue mussel M. edulis) and 1174 mg Mo/L (oyster C. gigas). Using all available reliable marine chronic effects data that are currently available, a HC5,50% (median hazardous concentration affecting 5% of the species) of 5.74 (mg Mo)/L was derived with the statistical extrapolation approach, a value that can be used for national and international

  12. The chronic toxicity of molybdate to marine organisms. I. Generating reliable effects data

    Heijerick, D.G., E-mail: Dagobert.heijerick@arche-consulting.be [ARCHE - Assessing Risks of Chemicals, Stapelplein 70 Bus 104, Gent (Belgium); Regoli, L. [International Molybdenum Association, 4 Heathfield Terrace, London, W4 4JE (United Kingdom); Stubblefield, W. [Oregon State University, Department of Environmental and Molecular Toxicology, 421 Weniger Hall, Corvallis, OR 97331 (United States)

    2012-07-15

    A scientific research program was initiated by the International Molybdenum Association (IMOA) which addressed identified gaps in the environmental toxicity data for the molybdate ion (MoO{sub 4}{sup 2-}). These gaps were previously identified during the preparation of EU-REACH-dossiers for different molybdenum compounds (European Union regulation on Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemical substances; EC, 2006). Evaluation of the open literature identified few reliable marine ecotoxicological data that could be used for deriving a Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) for the marine environment. Rather than calculating a PNEC{sub marine} using the assessment factor methodology on a combined freshwater/marine dataset, IMOA decided to generate sufficient reliable marine chronic data to permit derivation of a PNEC by means of the more scientifically robust species sensitivity distribution (SSD) approach (also called the statistical extrapolation approach). Nine test species were chronically exposed to molybdate (added as sodium molybdate dihydrate, Na{sub 2}MoO{sub 4}{center_dot}2H{sub 2}O) according to published standard testing guidelines that are acceptable for a broad range of regulatory purposes. The selected test organisms were representative for typical marine trophic levels: micro-algae/diatom (Phaeodactylum tricornutum, Dunaliella tertiolecta), macro-alga (Ceramium tenuicorne), mysids (Americamysis bahia), copepod (Acartia tonsa), fish (Cyprinodon variegatus), echinoderms (Dendraster exentricus, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) and molluscs (Mytilus edulis, Crassostrea gigas). Available NOEC/EC{sub 10} levels ranged between 4.4 mg Mo/L (blue mussel M. edulis) and 1174 mg Mo/L (oyster C. gigas). Using all available reliable marine chronic effects data that are currently available, a HC{sub 5,50%} (median hazardous concentration affecting 5% of the species) of 5.74 (mg Mo)/L was derived with the statistical extrapolation approach, a

  13. Evaluación en laboratorio de la toxicidad aguda de los insecticidas malatión y deltametrina en Chasmagnathus granulata Dana (Crustacea, Brachyura, Grapsidae) Laboratory evaluation of the acute toxicity of malathion and deltamethrin in Chasmagnathus granulata Dana (Crustacea, Brachyura, Grapsidae)

    Adriana A. Ferrero; María M. Gutiérrez; Patricia M. Cervellini

    2001-01-01

    RESUMEN. Se evaluó la toxicidad aguda de los insecticidas malatión y deltametrina en el cangrejo estuarial Chasmagnathus granulata en condiciones de laboratorio. Se llevaron a cabo tests estáticos con el objeto de estimar el parámetro CL50 (concentración letal 50%). Se utilizaron adultos machos con un ancho de caparazón que varió entre 20,9 ± 0,73 y 33,0 ± 2,94 mm. La toxicidad de los compuestos varió sustancialmente, no observándose diferencias significativas (p>0,05) con respecto al ancho d...

  14. Multibeam collection for DANA06RR: Multibeam data collected aboard Roger Revelle from 2004-02-09 to 2004-03-09, departing from Puerto Caldera, Costa Rica and returning to Mazatlan, Mexico

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  15. Pengaruh Dana Moneter Internasional (IMF) Dalam Kebijakan Ekonomi Politik Indonesia Pada Era Orde Baru (Studi Kasus Pada Keputusan Menteri Perindustrian dan Perdagangan No. 402 tahun 1997 Tentang Ketentuan Perizinan Usaha Perwakilan Perusahaan Perdagangan Asing)

    Manurung, Astri Natalia

    2013-01-01

    As an International organization, IMF would have a role and a purpose for Indonesia to help the economic crisis in the era of the new order government. IMF helped with condition that must be fulfilled by the government of Indonesia in a accordance with the rules applicable in the organization. The terms eventually related to the politics economic policy in Indonesia. The policy of Kepmenperindag no. 402/1997 on bussines licensing provisions of foreign trade reprensentatives is a policy made ...

  16. Multibeam collection for DANA03RR: Multibeam data collected aboard Roger Revelle from 2003-11-10 to 2003-11-26, departing from Manta, Ecuador and returning to Arica, Chile

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  17. Multibeam collection for DANA02RR: Multibeam data collected aboard Roger Revelle from 2003-10-10 to 2003-11-06, departing from Puntarenas, Costa Rica and returning to Manta, Ecuador

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  18. Multibeam collection for DANA07RR: Multibeam data collected aboard Roger Revelle from 2004-03-11 to 2004-04-01, departing from Mazatlan, Mexico and returning to San Diego, CA

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set is part of a larger set of data called the Multibeam Bathymetry Database (MBBDB) where other similar data can be found at...

  19. Pengaruh Dana Pihak Ketiga, Capital Adequacy Ratio, Loan to Deposit Ratio, Non Performing Loan, Return on Assets dan Loan to Asset Ratio terhadap Jumlah Penyaluran Kredit Pada Bank Umum Yang Terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia

    Hutabarat, Christa Natalia

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to indentify and analyze the effect of third-party funds, capital adequacy ratio, loan to deposit ratio, non performing loan, return on assets, and loan to asset ratio to total of loans of commercial banks listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange. This study secondary data obtained from the website of the Indonesia Stock Exchange is www.idx.co.id by using the sample of 36 companies from a population of 40 banks during the period 2011-2014. The analysis technique used is multipl...

  20. Farklı oranlarda dana kırıntı eti ile formüle edilen hamburger köftelerinde biberiye ekstraktı ilavesinin raf ömrüne etkisi

    İLHAN, Elif

    2010-01-01

  1. Re-description of Phymactis papillosa (Lesson, 1830) and Phymanthea pluvia (Drayton in Dana, 1846) (Cnidaria: Anthozoa), two common actiniid sea anemones from the south east Pacific with a discussion of related genera

    Häussermann, V.

    2004-01-01

    Actiniid sea anemones possess few characteristics of taxonomic value, which makes columnar outgrowths one of the most important features for systematic work. There are two species of actiniid sea anemones known from Chile and southern Peru that exhibit a column densely covered with non-adhesive vesi

  2. Reply to "Comment on 'Cosmic-ray-driven reaction and greenhouse effect of halogenated molecules: Culprits for atmospheric ozone depletion and global climate change' by Dana Nuccitelli et al."

    Lu, Q.-B.

    2014-04-01

    In the Comment by Nuccitelli et al., they make many false and invalid criticisms of the CFC-warming theory in my recent paper, and claim that their anthropogenic forcings including CO2 would provide a better explanation of the observed global mean surface temperature (GMST) data over the past 50 years. First, their arguments for no significant discrepancy between modeled and observed GMST changes and for no pause in recent global warming contradict the widely accepted fact and conclusion that were reported in the recent literature extensively. Second, their criticism that the key data used in my recent paper would be "outdated" and "flawed" is untrue as these data are still used in the recent or current literature including the newest (2013) IPCC Report and there is no considerable difference between the UK Met Office HadRCUT3 and HadRCUT4 GMST datasets. The use of even more recently computer-reconstructed total solar irradiance data (whatever have large uncertainties) for the period prior to 1976 would not change any of the conclusions in my paper, where quantitative analyses were emphasized on the influences of humans and the Sun on global surface temperature after 1970 when direct measurements became available. For the latter, the solar effect has been well shown to play only a negligible role in global surface temperature change since 1970, which is identical to the conclusion made in the 2013 IPCC Report. Third, their argument that the solar effect would not play a major role in the GMST rise of 0.2°C during 1850-1970 even contradicts the data and conclusion presented in a recent paper published in their Skeptical Science by Nuccitelli himself. Fourth, their comments also indicate their lack of understandings of the basic radiation physics of the Earth system as well as of the efficacies of different greenhouse gases in affecting global surface temperature. Their listed "methodological errors" are either trivial or non-existing. Fifth, their assertion that "the climate system takes centuries to millennia to fully equilibrate" is lack of scientific basis. Finally, their model calculations including an additional fitting parameter do not reduce the discrepancy with observed GMST data even after their adjustments. Instead, their modeled results give a sharp GMST rise over the past 16 years, which obviously disagrees with the observed data.

  3. Finns det någon list med digitala tavlor? : En kvalitativ studie av översiktstavlor inom agila projekt och förutsättningar för digitala sådana

    Olofsson, Mårten; Uddbom, Jesper

    2011-01-01

    This paper is about the use of task boards in agile system development projects. The main focus is on how digitalized versions of the task board can be of assistance during the development process. Our investigation is based on qualitative studies, with system developers of various backgrounds and professional roles, along with studies of relevant literature. The main results are that a digitized version of the task board can increase awareness for the team and be of major importance if it is...

  4. RESTRUKTURISASI PENGELOLAAN DANA PROGRAM KEMITRAAN DAN BINA LINGKUNGAN OLEH BADAN USAHA MILIK NEGARA DALAM RANGKA OPTIMALISASI PELAKSANAAN CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY Studi Kasus Pada PT. (Persero) Taman Wisata Candi Borobudur, Prambanan & Ratu Boko

    Indarjaya, Prima Bagus

    2014-01-01

    This research on the Restructuring of fund management of the Partnership and Community Development Program by State Owned Enterprises in Optimizing the Implementation of Corporate Social Responsibility is a normative research. This research is aimed at identifying the implementation of the Partnership and Community Development Program at PT. (Persero) Taman Wisata Candi Borobudur, Prambanan & Ratu and evaluating the implementation of the Partnership and Community Development Program through a...

  5. Analisis Pengaruh Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD), Dana Perimbangan, dan Sisa Lebih Pembiayaan Anggaran Terhadap Pengalokasian Belanja Modal Studi Kasus Pada Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Sumatera Utara Periode Tahun 2009 - 2013

    Fauriza, Redha

    2015-01-01

    This research aims to analyze the Influence of regional revenues, production sharing fund, general allocation fund, special allocation fund, and surplus of budget financing partially and simultaneously on allocation capital expenditure in districts/cities in the Province of North Sumatera year period 2009 - 2013. This research is a kind of causal research and is a replication of the earlier research. The Population was 33 districts/cities in the Province of North Sumatera. The sample selec...

  6. 77 FR 103 - JD Products, LLC; Notice of Intent To File License Application, Filing of Pre-Application...

    2012-01-03

    ... an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) will be required. Nevertheless, this meeting will satisfy the... Suites by Hilton Hotel Doheny Beach--Dana Point, 34402 Pacific Coast Highway, Dana Point, California... p.m. Location: DoubleTree Suites by Hilton Hotel Doheny Beach--Dana Point, 34402 Pacific...

  7. Regenerated Fe is tasty!

    Nuester, J.; Twining, B. S.

    2012-12-01

    phytoplankton. In an experiment using the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana as prey and regrowth organism and the copepod Acartia tonsa as grazer, ~45% of regenerated Fe was taken up in the regrowth phase within 30 minutes. After 24 hours almost all regenerated Fe was taken up by T. pseudonana. In contrast, only ~10% and ~60% of inorganic Fe was associated with T. pseudonana cells after 0.5 and 24 hours, respectively. Furthermore, inorganic Fe adsorbed strongly to the frustule of T. pseudonana. At 0.5 hours almost 60% of cell-associated Fe was adsorbed in the inorganic uptake experiment. In contrast, experiments with regenerated Fe showed that all cell associated Fe was taken up after 30 min. These results indicate that copepod grazing produces readily bioavailable Fe.Results from additional experiments probing the effects of grazer taxonomy and chemical composition of prey on the bioavailability of regenerated Fe will be presented as well.

  8. An Overview of Ecological Processes in the Rio de la Plata Estuary

    Acha, M.; Mianzan, H.

    2005-05-01

    The Rio de la Plata, one of the most important estuarine environments in South America, is characterized by a salt-wedge regime. Large extension and shallow water depth make the estuary highly susceptible to atmospheric forcing. The estuary is a highly productive area, which sustain important artisanal and coastal fisheries in Uruguay and Argentina, mainly based on the whitemouth croaker, Micropogonias furnieri. The main goal of this paper is to summarize recent knowledge on this system, integrating physical, chemical and biological studies. This estuary is characterized by strong vertical salinity stratification, with marine waters (saltier and denser) penetrating deeper into the estuary along the bottom, while fresh waters advance ocean-ward on the surface, forming a salt wedge. The upstream reach of the salt wedge defines a bottom salinity fronts, whose location is controlled by the topography, a submerged shoal called Barra del Indio and at the opposite area, the convergence between the estuarine and marine waters define a surface salinity front. The convergence of water masses and the strong picnoclines at the head of the salt wedge produce the accumulation and retention of plankton, including the eggs of those fishes that concentrate here to spawn (e.g. Micropogonias furnieri and Brevoortia aurea) and even debris. High turbidity constrains here photosynthetic production and food chains are probably detritus based, supporting high densities of Acartia tonsa (Copepoda) and Neomysis americana (Mysid), both omnivorous species that complete its entire life-cycle within the estuary. In agreement, heterotophic microzooplankton is abundant. Moreover, high deposition of suspended matter support dense beds of the deposit feeding clams Mactra isabelleana. As soon as the water become less turbid, an extremely high chlorophyll signal is observed. The largest portion of the salt wedge regime (more than 200 km) is characterized by dense plankton aggregations below the

  9. Copepods of the nearshore waters of Bombay

    Gajbhiye, S.N.; Stephen, R.; Nair, V.R.; Desai, B.N.

    towards the shore during the flood period and an reverse pattern during the ebb period. Sixty eight species were recorded from the area. Acartia spinicauda, Acrocalanus similis and Paracalanus crassirostris were the most common species. Species assemblage...

  10. Prijedlog smjernica antimikrobnog liječenja i profilakse infekcija mokraćnog sustava – 2006. godina

    Škerk, V.; Tambić-Andrašević, A.; Andrašević, S.; Kalenić, S.; Francetić, I.; Derežić, D.; Đelmiš, J.; Ivanišević, M.; Jeren, T.; Kraus, O; Tešović, G.; Begovac, J.

    2006-01-01

    Preporuke za antimikrobno liječenje i profilaksu infekcija mokraćnog sustava (IMS) donešene su prema rezultatima ispitivanja rezistencije najčešćih uzročnika IMS na antimikrobike što ga od 1997. godine provodi Odbor za praćenje rezistencije bakterija na antibiotike u Republici Hrvatskoj. Nekomplicirani cistitis liječi se 1, 3 ili 7 dana, komplicirani cistitis 7 dana, pijelonefritis 10–14 dana, a komplicirane IMS 7 do 14 dana, rijetko duže. U liječenju cistitisa rabe se fluorokinoloni, nitrofu...

  11. PENERAPAN AKAD WAKALAH BI AL-UJRAH DALAM INDUSTRI ASURANSI DAN LEMBAGA KEUANGAN SYARIAH LAINNYA

    Deni Purnama

    2012-06-01

    Dalam praktiknya, penerapan akad wakalah bi al-ujrah di perusahaan asuransi di mana dana premi yang masuk dalam asuransi syariah masih merupakan dana peserta setelah dikurangi fee perusahaan atas jasa pengelolaan. Ketika terjadi klaim, perusahaan tidak mengeluarkan dana untuk klaim tersebut dari kas perusahaan, tetapi dari diambil dari dana tabungan peserta (tabarru‟, sedangkan untuk penerapan di lembaga-lembaga keuangan lainnya dapat diaplikasikan pada transaksi transfer, kliring, dan RTGS, Letter of Credit (L/C Impor Syariah, Letter of Credit (L/C Ekspor Syariah, Investasi Reksadana Syariah, Pembiayaan Rekening Koran Syariah, Sukuk Wakalah, Wakalah bi al-Istismar

  12. Visualiziranje dišnoga puta

    Toker, Kamil

    2016-01-01

    Autor u svom radu daje pregled razvoja kroz povijest optičkih instrumenata za zbrinjavanje dišnoga puta u anesteziologiji. Sistematizirano prikazuje razvoj laringoskopa sve do današnjih dana kada se u kliničku praksu uvodi video laringoskop.

  13. Improve Leadership Quality

    2005-01-01

    About the Authors Dana Telford is a researcher and guest lecturer at Harvard University and a management consultant with clients in North and South America, the Middle East, and Europe. Dana has appeared on numerous television and radio programs. He earned an MBA from Harvard Business School and has rich experience in business management.

  14. 78 FR 20935 - Changes in Flood Hazard Determinations

    2013-04-08

    ...-09-1603P)........ Anderson, Mayor, City of Golden Lantern, Dana Point, 33282 Golden Dana Point, CA...- Unincorporated areas The Honorable David Rice, Monroe County February 18, 2013 125129 1286). of Monroe County... (FEMA Docket No.: B- Unincorporated areas The Honorable David Rice, Monroe County February 4,...

  15. First-year survival of North East Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus) from 1998 to 2012 appears to be driven by availability of Calanus, a preferred copepod prey

    Jansen, Teunis

    2016-01-01

    mackerel survivors and abundance of Calanus, therefore, most likely, reflected a causal relationship: high availability of Calanus probably reduced starvation, stage-specific predation and cannibalism (owing to prey switching). The effects of other abundant, but less preferred zooplankton taxa, (Acartia sp...

  16. A study on the zooplankton of the Burhabalanga Estuary, Orissa Coast

    Ramaiah, Neelam; Chatterji, A.; Madhupratap, M.

    the stations during October 1991 as a result of a mysid swarm. Copepoda was generally the most abundant group. The copepods Pseudodiaptomus bowmani, P. sewelli, Acartia tropica and A. bowmani are recorded for the first time from the east coast of India....

  17. PRAVA DJETETA I NJIHOVO OŽIVOTVORENJE U SUSTAVU PREDŠKOLSKOG ODGOJA I OBRAZOVANJA

    Mlinarević, Vesnica; Marušić, Katarina

    2005-01-01

    Ljudska prava su dio cjelokupnog života svakog pojedinca, a njihovo ugrožavanje u korijenu je svih problema s kojima se danas suočava suvremeni svijet; od nasilja, siromaštva, globalizacije, pitanja okoliša, ekonomske nejednakosti i nezakonitosti, pa do sukoba i ratova. Aktualnost teme o pravima djeteta danas je vrlo izražena. Masovni mediji nam omogućuju uvid koliko se i kako danas krše prava djeteta i od kolike je važnosti odgoj za ljudska prava. Suvremena pedagogija ide u smjer...

  18. Neste Oy starts the production of extra high viscosity index lubricating oil in Porvoo

    Neste Oy is starting the manufacture of basic oil, used in advanced motor lubricants, in Finland. The plant will start the manufacture of the EHVI (Extra High Viscosity) by the end of 1997. The EHVI basic oil is a synthetic-like oil product, suitable for manufacture of high-quality lubricants. In the beginning the production of the basic oil will be about 50 000 tons/a. The investment costs of the plants are 180 million FIM

  19. Implementation of Control Systems on a Photobioreactor for Large-Scale Cultivation of the Microalgae Rhodomonas salina

    Westergaard, Caroline Rønne

    2016-01-01

    This master thesis is about control of microalgae production in a photobioreactor. It is a part of the Copepod egg Mass production in Aquaculture (COMA) project, where the goal is to produce 100 million copepod eggs per day in an automated facility. Experiments was conducted to see if the photobioreactor is a good facility for culturing the microalgae as feed for the copepod Acatia tonsa using parameters such as growth rate, harvest, light, pigment content, fatty acid content and nutritional ...

  20. Individual biomass, based on body measures, of copepod species considered as main forage items for fishes of the argentine shelf

    Araoz, Ncf

    1991-01-01

    Mean wet weights, prosome length-weight and prosome width-weight relationships are established for the later stages of the copepods C. carinatus, C. australis, A. tonsa, C. vanus, C. brachiatus and D. forcipatus from San Jorge Gulf. Individual biomass was estimated by the morphometric method. The potential model relating size and weight was selected for the best fit. Prosome width was a better weight predictor than prosome length in almost all developmental stages and both sexes of the species.

  1. Adjustments and Depression

    Full Text Available ... Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D.C. 20201. Grantees undertaking projects under government sponsorship are ... Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation is a registered 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization

  2. The Policy Implications of the Cost Structure of HHAs

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — In a new report, Dr. Dana Mukamel and colleagues reveal their analysis of the costs of home-care agencies. Using Cost Reports and the Home Health Compare (HHC)...

  3. Renal (Kidney) Manifestations in TSC

    Full Text Available ... Families For Healthcare Professionals For Researchers & Scientists For School Issues What Is TSC? How Is TSC Diagnosed? ... M.D., Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School and Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, John ...

  4. Explorations in Ethnobiology: The Legacy of Amadeo Rea

    Raymond Pierotti

    2014-01-01

    Review of Explorations in Ethnobiology: The Legacy of Amadeo Rea. Marsha Quinlan and Dana Lepofsky, eds. 2013. Society of Ethnobiology, Denton, TX. Pp. 310, color illustrations, maps, tables. $56.95 (paperback). ISBN 978‐0988733008.

  5. American Massage Therapy Association

    ... more AMTA videos AMTA Newsfeed Paralympian Knows Health Benefits of Massage Sep 7, 2016 Good luck to hand-cyclist Alicia Dana as she competes in the Paralympics! Sports Massage: Injury + Recovery Aug 24, 2016 Take an ...

  6. Seasonal fluctuations in the occurrence of Cladocera in the Mandovi-Zuari estuarine waters of Goa

    Goswami, S.C.; Devassy, V.P.

    .78). Evadne tergestina Claus and Penilia avirostris Dana were the 2 major species representing cladoceran population, the former being dominant (85.88%). Both the species were characterisEd. by seasonality in distribution. Distribution patterns of each species...

  7. Renal (Kidney) Manifestations in TSC

    Full Text Available ... by Elizabeth Petri Henske, M.D., Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School and Dana Farber Cancer ... Disclaimer • Privacy Policy . © 2016 Tuberous Sclerosis Alliance - All Rights Reserved. Website by Teramark

  8. Renal (Kidney) Manifestations in TSC

    Full Text Available ... procedures that are available in almost every major medical center. The renal ultrasound provides the least detailed ... Henske, M.D., Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School and Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, ...

  9. Dan Gospodnji. Povijest i teologija

    Pažin, Zvonko; Reponj, Tea

    2016-01-01

    Autori donose povijesno-teološki prikaz slavljenja kršćanske nedjelje kao dana Gospodnjega od samih početaka do danas. Iako je prva jezgra kršćana bila sastavljena od Židova, kod kojih je bilo vrlo snažno naglašeno svetkovanje subote kao dana posvećenog Bogu i dana odmora, ipak su kršćani – pa i oni iz židovstva – od samih početaka slavili nedjelju kao dan Kristova uskrsnuća i kao dan euharistije u kojoj se ostvaruje vazmeno otajstvo Kristove smrti i uskrsnuća. Tek s Konstantinom je od 321...

  10. How Do I Deal with Depression and Adjustment to My Spinal Cord Injury?

    Full Text Available ... Department of Health and Human Services, Washington, D.C. 20201. Grantees undertaking projects under government sponsorship are ... Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation is a registered 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization

  11. Adjustments and Depression

    Full Text Available ... view or opinions do not, therefore, necessarily represent official Administration for Community Living policy. Share this page ... the Reeve newsletter International support > Pages in other languages Made with ♡ in New Jersey Christopher & Dana Reeve ...

  12. Imaginární kosmos

    Nešlehová, Mahulena

    2008-01-01

    Roč. 21, č. 4 (2008), s. 12. ISSN 1210-5236 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80330511 Keywords : Czech painting * Dana Puchnarová * exhibition Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  13. ANOMALIJE UTERUSA I TRUDNOĆA Prikaz dvoplodne trudnoće u uterusu didelphysu

    Dražančić, Ante

    2003-01-01

    Prikazana je rijetka blizanačka trudnoća u dvostrukom uterusu, koja je završila spontanim porodom u 35. tjednu trudnoće prvoga pa drugoga blizanca u razmaku od tri dana. Raspravlja se o mehanizmu inicijacije poroda u razmaku od tri dana u jednoj pa drugoj maternici. Prikazan je pregled učestalosti i ishoda trudnoće u malformacija uterusa, prije i nakon njihove korekcije.

  14. Endiinski spojevi - novi antitumorski lijekovi

    Gredičak, Matija; Jerić, Ivanka

    2007-01-01

    Znanstvenici raznih profila dugo su bili intrigirani prirodom, mehanizmom djelovanja i potencijalom prirodnih toksina s izuzetnom antibakterijskom i antitumorskom aktivnošću. Ti spojevi, nazvani endiini, danas su među najaktivnijim kemoterapeutskim agensima. Često uspoređivani s inteligentnim oružjem, zbog jedinstvene strukture i sofisticiranog mehanizma kojim uništavaju molekulu DNA, endiinski antibiotici danas predstavljaju vodeće spojeve u antitumorskoj terapiji. Predstavnici endiinske sku...

  15. Nomothetic outcome assessment in counseling and psychotherapy: Development and preliminary psychometric analyses of the Depression/Anxiety Negative Affect Scale

    Scott T. Meier

    2012-01-01

    Negative affect (NA) plays a significant role in the initiation, persistence, and response to psychotherapy of many client problems (Moses & Barlow, 2006). This report describes the development of a brief NA measure, the Depression/Anxiety Negative Affect (DANA) scale, and preliminary analyses of its psychometric properties. An initial pool of DANA items was selected on the basis of a review of relevant literature about emotion science and counseling outcomes, related tests, and feedback from...

  16. Promjene bijele krvne slike i nekih biokemijskih parametara kod mliječnih krava u peripartalnom razdoblju i ranoj laktaciji

    Joksimović Todorović, Mirjana; Davidović, Vesna

    2012-01-01

    Cilj ovog rada bio je utvrditi promjene u broju bijelih krvnih stanica i pojedinih biokemijskih parametara - koncentraciji glukoze, koncentraciji nezasićenih masnih kiselina (NEFA), aktivnosti enzima aspartat aminotransferaze (AST), alanin aminotransferaze (ALT) i gama glutamattransaminaze (GGT), kod 17 mliječnih krava holštajn-frizijske pasmine u peripartalnom razdoblju i ranoj laktaciji (15 dana prije partusa, na dan partusa, 15., 30. i 45. dana nakon partusa). Najveće vrijednosti ukupno...

  17. Morphological and morphometrical analysis of Heterodera spp. populations in Jordan

    Lafi, Hamzeh A.; Al-Banna, Luma; Sadder, Monther T.; Hussein M. Migdadi

    2015-01-01

    Phenotypic diversity of five Jordanian populations of cyst nematodes, Heterodera spp. collected from five regions from Jordan (Ar-Ramtha, Madaba, Dana, Al-Karak, and Jerash) was investigated. Soil samples were collected from one representative field in each region. Morphological and morphometrical characteristics revealed that Heterodera latipons is dominated in cereal fields at Ar-Ramtha, Madaba, Dana and Al-Karak regions and Heterodera schachtii in Jerash. Cysts populations from all cereal ...

  18. Nomothetic outcome assessment in counseling and psychotherapy: Development and preliminary psychometric analyses of the Depression/Anxiety Negative Affect Scale

    Scott T. Meier

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Negative affect (NA plays a significant role in the initiation, persistence, and response to psychotherapy of many client problems (Moses & Barlow, 2006. This report describes the development of a brief NA measure, the Depression/Anxiety Negative Affect (DANA scale, and preliminary analyses of its psychometric properties. An initial pool of DANA items was selected on the basis of a review of relevant literature about emotion science and counseling outcomes, related tests, and feedback from psychotherapists as part of a pilot test. The DANA was evaluated in two representative clinical samples where psychotherapists produced a total of 363 session ratings with 81 clients. DANA scores evidenced adequate internal consistency, evidence of convergent and discriminant validity, and sensitivity to change over the course of psychotherapy. Effect sizes (ES of DANA scores consistently equaled or exceeded the average ES of .68 found for scales assessing the outcomes of counseling and psychotherapy in meta-analytic studies (Smith & Glass, 1977. ESs greater than 1 were found on DANA variables for clients whose therapists rated them as experiencing, rather than avoiding, NA.

  19. Biochemical composition of copepods for evaluation of feed quality in production of juvenile marine fish

    van der Meeren, Terje; Olsen, Rolf Erik; Hamre, Kristin; Fyhn, Hans Jørgen

    2007-01-01

    To increase current knowledge on the nutritional value of natural prey organisms, the biochemical components of mainly three copepods (Acartia grani, Centropages hamatus, and Eurytemora affinis) from a marine pond system were analysed once a week from spring until late fall, over two years. The analysed components were total lipid, lipid class composition, total lipid fatty acid composition, free amino acids, total protein, protein-bound amino acids, pigment (astaxanthin and ß-carotene), and ...

  20. Changes in abundance and community structure of the zooplankton population during the 2008 mucilage event in the northeastern Marmara Sea

    OKYAR, Melek İŞİNİBİLİR; Üstün, Funda; ORUN, Deniz Ayşe

    2015-01-01

    The composition and abundance of zooplankton and the corresponding environmental conditions were investigated during the 2008 mucilage event (April-December 2008) in the Marmara Sea. As a result, 46 zooplanktonic taxa were identified. Copepods and cladocerans were generally the most abundant groups. Mnemiopsis leidyi had a significant seasonality, and abundance was related to fluctuations in temperature and salinity. The most important species were Acartia clausi and Penilia avirostris, but t...

  1. Zooplankton composition and abundance in Mida Creek, Kenya

    Osore, M.K.W.; Mwaluma, J.M.; FIERS, F; Daro, M.H.

    2004-01-01

    In order to determine the resident assemblages of zooplankton in Mida Creek, Kenya, a survey was conducted from May 1996 to Apr. 1997 for which we studied their seasonal composition, abundance, and distribution. Twenty-seven major zooplankton taxa were identified. The order Copepoda was the most abundant taxon dominated mainly by the genera Acartia, Paracalanus, Labidocera, Temora, Centropages, and Calanopia. Other common zooplankton taxa included the Medusae, Ctenophora, Brachyura larvae, an...

  2. Comparação do peso dos quelípodos e crescimento em duas espécies de "sirís" do gênero Callinectes (Brachyura, Portunidae

    Cecilia Margarita Guerrero-Ocampo

    1998-08-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, as espécies C. danae e C. ornatus foram comparadas quanto ao peso dos quelípodos. Os siris foram coletados com 2 redes de arrasto do tipo "otter trawl" na Enseada de Ubatuba (23° 26' S e 45° 02' W. As constantes alométricas obtidas foram analisadas por meio da função potência (Y = aXb . As espécies apresentaram diferentes graus alométricos para cada sexo. A relação PQ X PC apresentou alometria positiva em ambas espécies, porém os machos apresentam maior alometria positiva do que as fêmeas. C. danae apresenta maior alometria positiva para os quelípodos do que C. ornatus. O fato de C. danae atingir maior porte e possuir quelípodos maiores indica que esta espécie tem potencial para o cultivo.A comparison of the cheliped's weight in two species of the genus Callinectes was accomplished. The species C. danae e C. ornatus were collected by two otter trawl in Ubatuba bay (23º 26' S and 45º 02' W. The allometric constants obtained from the regression adjusted to a power function (Y = aXb were analyzed. These species presented different allometry degrees for each sex considered. The relation PQ x PC presented positive allometry for sex of both species, but male presented higher positive allometry than female. C. danae presented higher positive allometry for chelipeds than C. ornatus. We suggest here that C. danae could be indicated to be submitted to grow out in ponds since it reaches higher size and bigger chelipeds.

  3. De questione monumenti (O pitanju spomenika)

    Kuzma, Kovačić

    2014-01-01

    U članku se raspravlja o pitanju spomenika kojem likovna struka kao i cjelokupna hrvatska javnost posvećuje veliku pozornost. Više javnih rasprava i međunarodni simpozij pod nazivom Problem spomenika – spomenik danas (Klanjec, 2013.) održani su o toj temi. Polazeći od činjenice da je pitanje spomenika danas u Hrvatskoj točka suprotstavljanja i oštrih prijepora, potvrđuje se tvrdnja kako je spomenik itekako živa, stvarna društvena potreba i nezaobilazna kulturno- umjetnička i politička pojava....

  4. Akutni pankreatitis u djece

    Baraba Dekanić, Kristina; Palčevski, Goran

    2015-01-01

    Akutni pankreatitis je bolest koja se sve češće dijagnosticira u dječjoj dobi. Postoje značajne razlike između akutnog pankreatitisa u djece i odraslih; bolesti se razlikuju u etiologiji,prirodnom tijeku i prognozi. Ipak, današnji pristup bolesti i njenom liječenju zasniva se uglavnom na istraživanjima u odraslih osoba. U tijeku su brojna istraživanja koja za cilj imaju rasvijetliti značajke bolesti dječje dobi. U ovom članku donosimo današnje spoznaje o etiopatogenezi, dijagnostici, liječenj...

  5. Prof. dr. sc. Ivo Miše: 1981. - 2001.

    Knežević, Goran

    2001-01-01

    Dne 17. ožujka 2001. prošlo je dvadeset godina od smrti prof. dr. sc. Ive Miše predstojnika katedre za oralnu kirurgiju i jednog od dekana Stomatološkog fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu. Današnji naraštaji studenata Stomatološkog fakulteta čuli su za njegovo ime preko knjige “Oralna kirurgija”, koju su nakon Miπiše smrti izdali njegovi suradnici i koja je imala tri izdanja, a mnogi pak današnji mlađi djelatnici Fakulteta nisu ga imali prilike upoznati.

  6. Karakterizacija i odabir autohtonih bakterija mliječno-kiselog vrenja kao starter kultura u zanatskoj proizvodnji vlasinskog sira iz svježeg kozjeg mlijeka

    Terzic-Vidojevic, Amarela; Tolinacki, Maja; Nikolic, Milica; Veljovic, Katarina; Jovanovic, Snezana; Macej, Ognjen; Topisirovic, Ljubisa

    2013-01-01

    Svrha je ovoga rada bila izolirati, karakterizirati i identificirati autohtone bakterije mliječno-kiselog vrenja koje se mogu upotrijebiti kao starter kulture u zanatskoj proizvodnji vlasinskog sira iz svježeg kozjeg mlijeka. Meki je bijeli vlasinski sir bio izrađen u domaćinstvu na Staroj Planini tradicionalnim postupkom bez dodatka starter kultura. Iz dvaju je uzoraka vlasinskih sireva, označenih kao BGVL2 (sir star 5 dana) i BGVL2 (sir star 15 dana) prikupljeno ...

  7. Depresija i moždani udar

    Buljan, Danijel

    2004-01-01

    Cerebrovaskularne bolesti predstavljaju danas vodeći zdravstveni problem u zemljama zapadnog svijeta, a depresija je četvrti najveći zdravstveni problem. Danas se smatra da je povezanost između depresije i moždanog udara nedvojbena. Depresija je najčešći psihijatrijski poremećaj povezan sa cerebrovaskularnim bolestima, javlja se u 26 do 34 posto bolesnika unutar dvije godine poslije moždanog udara. Postoji povezanost između težine poslijeinzultne depresije i lokacije lezije mozga: što su ošte...

  8. Procjena predispozicijskog učinka kokcidioze na pojavu nekrotičnog enteritisa u pokusnoj infekciji tovnih pilića.

    Sivaseelan, Soundarapandian; Vijayakumar, Subramanian; Malmarugan, Shanmugasamy; Balachandran, Perumal; Balasubramaniam, Gurusamipalayam A.

    2013-01-01

    Pokusno istraživanje u tovnih pilića poduzeto je radi procjene predispozicijskog učinka kokcidioze na pojavu nekrotičnog enteritisa (NE). U prvom pokusu (samo NE), simptomi su bili uočeni od 4. do 7. dana nakon zaražavanja, ali bez uginuća. U drugom pokusu (NE uz prethodnu kokcidiozu) ustanovljen je 23%- tni mortalitet. Najjače patoanatomske promjene (2. stupnja) na crijevima bile su u prvom pokusu opažene 6. dana nakon infekcije. I u drugom pokusu najjače promjene na crijevima (3,67) bile su...

  9. Odgoj o ljudskim pravima i za njih

    Carazzone, Carola

    2009-01-01

    Već 150. godina Salezijanska obitelj diljem svijeta nastoji primjenjivati don Boscov odgojni sustav. U vezi s time u članku se naglašava današnje značenje don Boscove ideje o kršćanskom odgoju koji želi "odgajati poštene građane i dobre kršćane". Odgoj u ljudskim pravima i za ljudska prava, danas je jedan od istaknutih oblika pastorala mladih i jedno od sredstava suvremene primjene don Boscovog odgojnog sustava (preventivni odgojni sustav). Stoga se ističe značenje koje valja pridati ljudskim...

  10. SADAŠNJE SPOZNAJE O ISPITIVANJU VLAČNE ČVRSTOĆE STIJENA UPORABOM BRAZILSKOGA TESTA

    Briševac, Zlatko; Kujundžić, Trpimir; Čajić, Sandi

    2015-01-01

    Vlačna čvrstoća u mehanici stijena svojstvo je koje se znatno češće određuje indirektno (neizravno) nego direktno (izravno). U ovome radu prikazan je povijesni pregled razvoja indirektne metode ispitivanja zvane brazilski test od njezina nastanka 1943. god. do današnjih dana. Upućuje se na neke aspekte koji su bitni za tumačenje rezultata brazilskoga testa zbog različitoga stanja naprezanja prilikom toga ispitivanja i direktnoga postupka za određivanje vlačne čvrstoće. Posebno je obrađena pro...

  11. Tradicija migracija u Imotskoj krajini

    Anić, Josip

    1989-01-01

    Rad pokušava predstaviti historijski pregled prostorne pokretljivosti stanovništva Imotske krajine od pada pod Turke do današnjih dana. Geopolitička važnost ovog prostora (vojničke granice, »serhata«) uvjetuje da on često mijenja gospodare i dolazi pod vlast čas jednih, čas drugih. Ta su višestoljetna preganjanja susjednih vladara i dinasta izazivali nespokojstvo imotskog puka, pa je onda razumljiva i njihova spremnost za pomicanje s toga nemirnog teritorija. Novi vladar dovodi i nove ljude; ...

  12. Usporedba razina makroelemenata u krvnom serumu mliječnih i mesnatih pasmina koza u puerperiju.

    Samardžija, Marko; Dobranić, Tomislav; Lipar, Marija; Harapin, Ivica; Prvanović, Nikica; Grizelj, Juraj; Gregurić Gračner, Gordana; Dobranić, Vesna; Radišić, Berislav; Đuričić, Dražen

    2011-01-01

    Cilj istraživanja bio je odrediti razine makroelemenata u puerperiju mliječnih i mesnatih pasmina koza te usporediti vrijednosti u odnosu na proizvodni tip, dob, paritet i broj jaradi po kozi. Pretraženo je 20 burskih koza (8 primiparnih i 12 pluriparnih) te 10 križanih u tipu njemačke srnaste koze (5 primiparnih i 5 pluriparnih) u dobi od 2 do 6 godina. Uzorci krvi uzimani su svaka četiri dana počevši od trećeg do 40. dana puerperija. Razine kalija, magnezija, natrija i klora bile su u fizio...

  13. Predavci - prilog poznavanju podrijetla stanovništva u Varaždinskom generalatu

    Petrić, Hrvoje

    2014-01-01

    Autor je u članku obradio preseljavanje Predavaca u Vojnu krajinu, točnije na prostor Varaždinskog generalata. Ranonovovjekovne migracije su značajne zbog toga što su djelomično formirale podlogu naseljenosti koja vuče utjecaj do današnjih dana. Prema trenutno poznatim izvorima, Predavci bi najvjerojatnije bili doseljenici iz Osmanskog Carstva katoličke vjere različitog podrijetla - slavonskog (starosjedilačkog stanovništva dijela Slavonskog Kraljevstva koji se našao pod osmanskom vlašću), hr...

  14. Učinak subkronične primjene raktopamina na kemijski sastav i razine ostataka u svinjskom mesu

    Pleadin, Jelka; Vulić, Ana; Perši, Nina; Milić, Dinka

    2011-01-01

    Sažetak Svrha ovog istraživanja bila je ispitati učinak β-adrenergičkog agonista raktopamina na kemijski sastav svinjskog mesa te uvrditi razine ostataka koji se u njemu kumuliraju nakon primjene anaboličkog tretmana na svinjama kao pokusnim životinjama.Raktopamin je primjenjen peroralno u subkroničnoj dozi od 0,1 mg/kg tjelesne težine svakodnevno tijekom 28 dana. Po završetku tretmana, u uzorcima mesa uzorkovanim od tretiranih životinja prvog, trećeg i osmog dana nakon primjene, ...

  15. Promjene razina progesterona u krvnoj plazmi krmača u peripartalnom razdoblju.

    Gereš, Darko; Žubčić, Damir; Sabo, Davor; Pleli, Andrija; Džaja, Petar; Mihelić, Damir; Müller, Gjorgje

    2000-01-01

    Istraživane su promjene razina progesterona u 40 krmača porodilja u peripartalnom razdoblju, od 4 do 2 dana prije poro|aja (faza A), u vrijeme poro|aja (faza B) i dva dana poslije poro|aja (faza C). Krv za analizu uzeta je venepunkcijom iglom iz kranijalne šuplje vene uz uporabu heparina kao antikoagulansa. Korištena je radioimunološka metoda direktnog kvantitativnog mjerenja razine progesterona u plazmi. Koncentracije progesterona u fazi A kretale su se u rasponu od 0,2 do 50,1 nmol/l, uz sr...

  16. Globalno siromaštvo i supererogacija u etici

    Koprek, Ivan

    2012-01-01

    Siromaštvo je danas globalan problem. Usprkos poboljšanju na pojedinim područjima životnoga standarda (dostupnost osnovne zdravstvene zaštite i temeljnog obrazovanja, smanjenje nepismenosti i dječje smrtnosti, duži životni vijek itd.), broj siromašnih u svijetu ni danas se ne smanjuje. Nije stoga iznenađujuće da je Svjetski samit o socijalnom razvoju u Kopenhagenu iz 1995. godine u prvi plan stavio tri ključna socijalna problema: siromaštvo, nezaposlenost i socijalnu isključenost. Na svjetsko...

  17. Melatonin inhibira lipidnu peroksidaciju u jetri štakora uzrokovanu benzenom

    Sharma, Seema; Rana, Suresh Vir Singh

    2010-01-01

    Istražena je antioksidacijska uloga melatonina u zaštiti protiv toksičnoga djelovanja benzena u jetri štakora. Utvrđeno je da kratkoročno odnosno dugoročnije liječenje štakora melatoninom u različitoj mjeri štiti štakore istodobno izložene benzenu. Inhibicija lipidne peroksidacije mitohondrija i mikrosoma bila je različita nakon 24 h, 15 dana, odnosno 30 dana liječenja melatoninom. Najveća inhibicija lipidne peroksidacije mitohondrija zamijećena je nakon primjene jednokratne doze melato...

  18. Povijesni pregled širenja znanja o geomagnetizmu i njegovim promjenama

    Solarić, Miljenko; Solarić, Nikola

    2008-01-01

    U članku je dan povijesni pregled širenja znanja o magnetizmu, geomagnetizmu i njegovim promjenama. Naveden je utjecaj Sunca na magnetsko polje Zemlje: Sunčeve pjege, Sunčevi ciklusi, Sunčev vjetar te je dano tumačenje zašto se javljaju dnevne i godišnje promjene magnetskih deklinacija i inklinacija. Članak je napisan iako se danas u geodeziji više ne koristi izmjera s pomoću magnetskih busolnih vlakova. Naime, danas se uz satelitsku navigaciju u automobilima ugrađuju elektronički kompasi ...

  19. Najpogostejše diete pri mladostnikih

    Bonić, Maja

    2012-01-01

    Teoretična izhodišča: V današnjem svetu je velik problem med mladostniki prekomerna telesna teža, ki nastane predvsem zaradi nezdravega prehranjevanja, nezadostne telesne aktivnosti, kajenja, alkohola, oziroma na kratko, nastane zaradi nezdravega življenjskega sloga posameznika. Zdrav življenjski slog se v današnjem času, ko ljudje nimajo več časa za telesno aktivnost in zdravo prehrano zanemarja. Zaradi nezadovoljstva z zunanjim izgledom se mladostniki zelo zgodaj pričnejo odločati za uživan...

  20. Marketing usmenom predajom: fenomen i mogućnosti

    Haramija, Predrag

    2008-01-01

    Članak obrađuje fenomen usmene predaje u marketinškom kontekstu. Autor opisuje dosadašnja istraživanja, daje kratak povijesni prikaz uloge usmene predaje u marketingu te raščlanjuje moguće uzroke današnjeg rasta važnosti marketinga usmenom predajom (MUP). Prema autoru dva su temeljna razloga sve jače uloge usmene predaje u današnjem marketingu: zasićenost (i nepovjerenje prema) sredstvima klasičnog oglašavanja i izum novih sredstava osobne komunikacije (mobitel, internet). Marketinški stru...

  1. ASTEROIDI

    Andreić, Željko

    2016-01-01

    Asteroidi su najveća mala tijela Sunčeva sustava. Danas se intenzivno proučavaju iz nekoliko razloga. Kao prvo, neki asteroidi (tzv. NEA podvrsta) mogu se sudariti sa Zemljom, a posljedice takva sudara bile bi katastrofalne. Drugo, na njih se gleda kao na potencijalni izvor materijala koji na Zemlji postaju rijetki, a koji će ionako biti potrebni za svemirske konstrukcije budućnosti. I treće, oni čuvaju tajne postanka Sunčeva sustava i njegove evolucije do danas. Na kraju, kako je nekoliko hr...

  2. Postupci uklanjanja pesticida iz okoliša

    Dokić, M.; Bilandžić, N.; Briški, F.

    2012-01-01

    Organoklorni i organofosforni pesticidi se u velikim količinama upotrebljavaju u proizvodnji hrane zbog svoje učinkovitosti i niske cijene i smatra se da danas na svjetskom tržištu postoji oko 1500 aktivnih tvari s pesticidnim učinkom. Ovi postojani organski onečišćivači dugo nakon primjene mogu zaostajati u tlu, mulju i sedimentima ili ući u vodene tokove, te dospjeti izravno u prehrambeni lanac. Danas se za uklanjanja pesticida s onečišćenih lokacija primjenjuju sljedeći postupci: niskotemp...

  3. ZAŠTO SU SE OVOG ČOVJEKA SVI ODREKLI U OBITELJI?

    Daus-Šebeđak, Danijela

    2016-01-01

    Danas je alkoholizam treća bolest suvremenog čovječanstva, u Hrvatskoj ima 6% ovisnika o alkoholu, a oko 15% muškaraca starijih od 20 godina prekomjerno uzima alkoholna pića. Prikazan je 65-godišnji pacijent, mjesec dana u mirovini, s teškim, neliječenim mnogostrukim psihičkim, fizičkim i socijalnim problemima uzrokovanim alkoholom. Tjelesne posljedice su često ozljeđivanje, prijelomi nadlaktice i kuka. Psihosocijalne posljedice su gubitak obiteljske kuće, odvojen život od žene koja živi p...

  4. TEME IZ MATERIJALNE I DUHOVNE KULTURE PRIMORSKIH BUNJEVACA

    FRIŠČIĆ, MARIJA

    2000-01-01

    U prvoj fazi istraživanja ispitane su teme iz materijalne i duhovne kulture: tradicijsko graditeljstvo, mlijeko i mliječni proizvodi te seoski sastanci mladih. Mlijeko se i danas prerađuje u sir, maslac i kiselinu, dok tradicijska arhitektura polako nestaje i propada. Prela karakterističan običaj čitavog područja, koji se danas više ne održava, ali su ostala sjećanja brojnih kazivača.

  5. Prilog poznavanju njemačko-hrvatskih jezičnih dodira na području Križevaca

    Papić, Valentina; Husinec, Renata

    2010-01-01

    Utjecaj njemačkog jezika na govor stanovništva sjeverozapadne Hrvatske jasno je vidljiv zbog velikog broja preuzetih posuđenica koje su u hrvatski jezik došle pod utjecajem povijesnih, kulturnih i političkih zbivanja od 17. stoljeća do danas. Te su posuđenice u većoj mjeri prisutne u neformalnoj upotrebi govornog jezika, no u pisanom ih obliku danas gotovo nema ukoliko izuzmemo književnost pisanu na kajkavskom narječju. Jezični dodiri prisutni su svuda gdje dva ili više naroda imaju potrebu o...

  6. Arhitektura softverski definisanog radija

    Savić Dejan M.; Pavlović Boban; Šunjevarić Milan M.

    2000-01-01

    Radio-komunikacije nastale su pre vise od 100 godina. U proteklom vremenu radio-uređaji su se zasnivali isključivo na hardverskim rešenjima. Današnja tehnologija dostigla je nivo na kojem je moguće napraviti takav radio-uređaj čije karakteristike, kao što su tip modulacije, propusni opseg, primenjeni zaštitni kodovi, ne zavise od hardvera već od softvera. Ovako zamišljen radio-uređaj naziva se softverski definisan radio. Karakteristike koje poseduje su takve da će, uz današnji razvoj tehnolog...

  7. POMEN DUHOVNE INTELIGENCE ZA UČINKOVITO VODENJE

    Koražija, Maja

    2012-01-01

    Razumska ali kognitivna inteligenca (IQ) ima malo možnosti za napovedovanje učinkovitosti vodenja. V današnjem času sta v ospredju predvsem čustvena in duhovna inteligenca. Ker se vedno več pozornosti posveča zaposlenim v organizacijah, je vnos duhovne inteligence v organizacijo in na delovno mesto zelo pomemben. To sproži tudi spreminjanje organizacijske strukture iz tradicionalne v organsko. Duhovno-inteligentne organizacije so bolj odprte za spremembe, kar je v današnjem razburkanem poslov...

  8. Razarajući čimbenici braka i obitelji

    Koprek, Ivan

    2015-01-01

    U kontekstu vremena u kojemu živimo ljudsko se mišljenje i djelovanje razotkriva u svojoj mnogostrukoj destruktivnosti. Destrukcija označava rušenje, razgrađivanje, pustošenje, rasipanje, propadanje, uništavanje – zapravo smrt. U raznim antropološkim redukcionizmima danas se udaljavamo od zdrave slike o čovjeku. Razara se čovjek i njegov okoliš. Otvoreno se promiču mržnja i nasilje – »kultura smrti«. U unakrsnoj vatri raznorodnih destruktivnih opasnosti danas se nalaze brak i obitelj. Proži...

  9. Sivi puh (Glis glis Linnaeus, 1766), od ulova do namirnice

    Konjević, Dean; Krapinec, Krešimir

    2004-01-01

    Sivi puh (Glis glis L.) je naša autohtona divljač iz reda glodavaca (Rodentia), porodice puhova (Myoxidae) i roda puh (Glis). Tradicija lova na puhove je iznimno stara i potječe još od vremena Rimskog Carstva. U Republici Hrvatskoj se lov na puhove do danas održao na području Gorskog kotara i Like. Za razliku od negdašnjeg pristupa, danas se sivi puh lovi isključivo posebno konstruiranim lovkama, pri čemu je za lov neophodno dobiti odgovarajuću dozvolu. Ulovljeni puhovi koriste se u prehrani,...

  10. Antički fluvijalni lokaliteti u dolini Neretve

    Manenica, Hrvoje

    2012-01-01

    Autor u članku donosi pregled nekih arheoloških lokacija na području donjeg toka rijeke Neretve, gdje se u antici nalazio plovni put od Jadranskog mora prema unutrašnjosti. Uslijed promjena toka Neretve, predstavljeni lokaliteti danas se uglavnom nalaze u poljoprivrednom području uz rijeku. Melioracijom, obradom tla i drugim radovima oko rijeke, na površini se pokazao arheološki materijal koji je ovdje predstavljen. Opisani lokaliteti nalaze se na području od današnjeg ušća Neretv...

  11. KVALITETA MESA LUBINA TIJEKOM POHRANE NA LEDU

    Bojanić, Krunoslav; Kozačinski, Lidija; Filipović, Ivana; Zdolec, Nevijo; Njari, Bela

    2009-01-01

    Cilj ovog rada bio je odrediti održivost mesa lubina tijekom njegove pohrane na ledu u trajanju od 12 dana pracenjem senzornih, fizikalno-kemijskih i mikrobioloških parametara kakvoce i higijenske ispravnosti. U tu je svrhu pretraženo 30 lubina 2., 4., 6., 9. i 12. dana pohrane na ledu na 3º C. Senzorna ocjena kvalitete ocijenjena je Quality Index Method testom (QIM) izra!enom za lubina, Dicentrarchus labrax (Icelandic Fisheries Laboratories) i Market testom. Uzorci ri...

  12. Koncept subpolitike s študijo primera izbrisa iz registra stalnega prebivalstva : diplomsko delo visokošolskega strokovnega študija Varnost in policijsko delo

    Cevzar, Mišel

    2013-01-01

    Globalizacija, neoliberalne politike in kapitalizem so današnji družbi prinesle popolnoma nove izzive. Politični inštrumenti današnje družbe, ki izvirajo še iz časa industrializacije niso kos družbenim spremembam, ki jih je prineslo 21. stoletje. Prevladujoča miselnost v zahodnih demokracijah je postala kapitalistična ideologija s svojimi idejami prostega trga, individualne odgovornosti in globalizacije, ki spodbuja izkoriščevalski odnos do nerazvitih regij in krčenje socialnih pravic. Tren...

  13. Use of bioethanol as an additive or substitute for petrol and diesel oil increases in Europe

    Brazil has used bioethanol for decades, to replace gasoline and gasoline additives based on mineral resources. The United States initiated a bioethanol programme 15 years ago, to reduce vehicle emissions and encourage the use of renewable raw materials in fuels. Today, the bioethanol production capacity is 12 million tons/a in Brazil and 5 million tons/a in the United States. In Europe, Sweden and France have been the first to follow this trend. The first European fuel ethanol plant was constructed in France in 1995, and another plant has been designed and is awaiting an investment decision. Spain is going ahead with a project, and a fuel ethanol plant may start up in Sweden in 1998. JPI Process Contracting was chosen as the contractor for the French and Spanish projects. Since bioethanol is more expensive than fossil fuels and fuel additives for vehicles, governments typically support bioethanol production through tax exemptions for a period of 5 to 10 years. In the meantime, new processes based on cellulosic raw materials are actively studied in several countries, but development to full commercial scale could take as much as 10 years. (author)

  14. Virus-phytoplankton adhesion: a new WSSV transmission route to zooplankton

    2007-01-01

    The pathogenicity of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) to zooplankton species, rotifer Brachionus urceus (Linnaeus), copepod Acartia clausi (Giesbrecht) and mysid shrimp Neomysis awatschensis (Brandt), was estimated by immersion challenge and virus-phytoplankton adhesion route to investigate a potential new transmission route of WSSV to zooplankton. WSSV succeeded in infecting these zooplankton species and nested-PCR revealed positive results for the virus-phytoplankton adhesion route, whereas WSSV cannot infect zooplankton by immersion challenge. These results indicated that virus-phytoplankton adhesion route is a successful new transmission route of WSSV to zooplankton and also implied that phytoplankton could be a carrier in WSSV transmission.

  15. Composição, abundância e distribuição espacial do zooplâncton no complexo estuarino de Paranaguá durante o inverno de 1993 e o verão de 1994 Zooplankton composition, abundance and spatial distribution in the estuarine complex of Paranaguá during winter 1993 and summer 1994

    Rubens M Lopes; Rosinei do Vale; Brandini, Frederico P.

    1998-01-01

    A estrutura das associações zooplanctônicas do complexo estuarino de Paranaguá foi estudada no inverno de 1993 e no verão de 1994. Copépodes dos gêneros Acartia, Paracalanus, Parvocalanus, Temora, Pseudodiaptomus, Oithona e Euterpina foram dominantes, atingindo até cerca de 90% da densidade total. A única espécie que ocorreu preferencialmente em salinidades inferiores a 15 foi o calanóide Pseudodiaptomus richardi, que representa o principal componente do holoplncton nos setores oligohalinos. ...

  16. Research Review

    Serig, Dan, Ed.

    2010-01-01

    This research review is dedicated to the memory of William Safire (1929-2009). A visionary leader, Safire brought other visionaries, researchers, educators, artists, and policymakers together to explore the confluence of arts education and neuroscience. He fostered the new field of neuroeducation in his work as chair of The Dana Foundation in…

  17. EST Table: BB986378 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Full Text Available BB986378 E_ET_MSV3_16H05_F_0 11/12/09 n.h 10/09/28 57 %/111 aa ref|XP_001663157.1| atlas...tin [Aedes aegypti] gb|EAT45634.1| atlastin [Aedes aegypti] 10/08/28 58 %/111 aa FBpp0120409|DanaGF1721

  18. Unbounded exchange economies with satiation: how far can we go?

    Martins-da-Rocha, Victor Filipe; Monteiro, Paulo Klinger

    2008-01-01

    We unify and generalize the existence results in Werner (1987), Dana, Le Van and Magnien (1999), Allouch, Le Van and Page (2006) and Allouch and Le Van (2008). We also show that, in terms of weakening the set of assumptions, we cannot go too far.

  19. Renal (Kidney) Manifestations in TSC

    Full Text Available ... Elizabeth Petri Henske, M.D., Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School and Dana Farber Cancer Institute, ... MA, John J. Bissler, M.D., LeBonheur Children’s Hospital and St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, ...

  20. Atipični mehanički defekti tvrdih zubnih tkiva uzrokovani prehrambenim navikama u našoj populaciji

    Najžar-Fleger, Dora; Dolinac, Damir; Buntak-Kobler, Dunja; Prpić-Mehičić, Goranka; Keros, Jadranka

    1997-01-01

    U radu su opisane opsežne abrazivne promjene cakline i dentina zuba uzrokovane neuobičajenim prehrambenim navikama netipičnim za današnjicu. Slične promjene tvrdih zubnih struktura nađene su u eskima sa Aljaske, Kanade i Grenlanda.

  1. EST Table: FY746662 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Full Text Available FY746662 E_FL_famL_31C05_F_0 11/12/09 n.h 11/11/04 64 %/148 aa ref|XP_001603360.1| PREDICTED: similar to tur...tle protein [Nasonia vitripennis] 11/11/04 61 %/138 aa FBpp0118210|DanaGF15018-PA 1

  2. Tinjauan Yuridis Terhadap Pemberian Kredit Bank Dengan Jaminan Personal Guarantee ( Study Pada Bank BRI KCP Willem Iskandar )

    Dhillon, Knnie

    2013-01-01

    Bank memainkan peranan yang sangat penting dalam melayani masyarakat. Bank menyediakan berbagai jasa diantaranya pemberian kredit bagi pengusaha yang membutuhkan bantuan dana bagi kegiatan perdagangannya. Dalam pemberian kredit pihak perbankan akan terlebih dahulu melakukan penelitian dan memperhatikan unsur-unsur dalam proses pemberiankredit. Apabila sidebitur telah memenuhi unsure dari pada perjanjian kredit maka perjanjian tersebut dapat dilaksanakan. Pada penulisan skripsi ini akan leb...

  3. Nurturing Human Potential in the Context of Schooling: The Legacy of Seymour B. Sarason

    Weinstein, Rhona S.

    2012-01-01

    Seymour Bernard Sarason was born to Jewish immigrant parents on January 12, 1919, in Brooklyn, New York. He died on January 28, 2010, in New Haven, Connecticut, at the age of 91. He obtained his undergraduate degree in 1939 from Dana College in Newark (now Rutgers University), and earned his doctorate in clinical psychology in 1942 from Clark…

  4. Devedeset godina Fakulteta strojarstva i brodogradnje Sveučilišta u Zagrebu

    ANDRASSY, Mladen

    2009-01-01

    U članku je ukratko prikazana povijest Fakulteta strojarstva i brodogradnje Sveučilišta u Zagrebu od osnutka Kraljevske visoke tehničke škole 1919. godine. Prikazana su razvojna razdoblja, današnja organizacijska struktura i nastavni program te osvrt na ulogu Fakulteta u osnutku i razvoju sličnih ustanova u Hrvatskoj.

  5. EST Table: FS823061 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Full Text Available 29 [Tribolium castaneum] 10/09/10 39 %/143 aa FBpp0115191|DanaGF11999-PA 10/08/29 42 %/138 aa B0563.4#CE3084...3#WBGene00006479#locus:tmbi- 4#status:Confirmed#UniProt:Q11080#protein_id:AAA6831

  6. Training Physician-Scientists for the 1990s.

    Martin, Joseph B.

    1991-01-01

    The article examines trends in the supply of physician-scientists, with emphasis on M.D.-Ph.D. programs to train biomedical researchers. New initiatives, such as the National Institutes of Health Physician-Scientist Training Awards and the Dana Foundation Training Program in the Neurosciences, are described and general recommendations are offered.…

  7. Distribution of scolecithricidae (Copepoda: Calanoida) in the Indian Ocean

    Gopalakrishnan, T.C.; Devi, K.S.

    .7, and 5.1% of the total numbers of specimens of Scolecithricidae collected respectively. High density areas of S. danae were found scattered between 15 degrees N and 15 degrees S latitudes, especially along the African coast. S. bradyi and S. echinatus...

  8. Analisa Laporan Keuangan Pt Pp London Sumatra Indonesia Tbk Medan

    Putra, Dedi Ansyah

    2015-01-01

    Setiap perusahaan baik perusahaan dagang, industri dan jasa mempunyai tujuan yang sama yaitu memaksimumkan laba sehingga kelangsungan hidup dari perusahaan dan pertumbuhannya akan terus berlanjut sampai masa yang akan datang. Dalam mengukur sejauh mana dana yang diinvestasikan berguna bagi perusahaan dapat dilihat melalui laporan keuangan perusahaan yang bersangkutan.

  9. feature - Office of Cancer Clinical Proteomics Research

    "Cancer is a disease of the genome," noted Lynda Chin, M.D., professor of dermatology, Harvard Medical School and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. "And understanding the impact of genomic changes in the proteome is critically important for converting genomic knowledge into something that a clinician can use on their patients."

  10. Exposed: Phallic Protections, Shame and Damaged Parental Objects

    Cregeen, Simon

    2009-01-01

    Using ideas derived from Dana Birksted-Breen ("Phallus, penis and mental space," "International Journal of Psycho-Analysis," 77: 649-57, 1996), this article explores the clinical experience with "Tommy," a young boy who suffered multiple traumas and neglect. Birksted-Breen describes a phallic state of mind, which, amongst other things, serves to…

  11. The results of treatment of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and leukocyte count over 50 x 109/1 according to the modified New York protocol. Preliminary report of Polish Leukemia-Lymphoma Study Group

    92 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and leukocyte count over 50 x 109/1 were treated according to the modified New York protocol. The modifications were based on elements of Dana Faber protocol. The 4 year DFS was 66%. (author)

  12. The results of treatment of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and leukocyte count over 50 x 10{sup 9}/1 according to the modified New York protocol. Preliminary report of Polish Leukemia-Lymphoma Study Group; Wstepne wyniki leczenia zmodyfikowanym programem Nowy Jork dzieci chorych na ostra bialaczke limfoblastyczna z leukocytoza ponad 50x10{sup 9}/1. Doswiadczenia Polskiej Grupy Pediatrycznej ds Leczenia Bialaczki i Chloniakow

    Armata, J. [Klinika Hematologii Dzieciecej, Akademia Medyczna, Cracow (Poland)] [and others

    1993-12-31

    92 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and leukocyte count over 50 x 10{sup 9}/1 were treated according to the modified New York protocol. The modifications were based on elements of Dana Faber protocol. The 4 year DFS was 66%. (author). 21 refs, 6 figs.

  13. The Current Women Superintendents in Texas: Still in the Minority

    Sampson, Pauline; Davenport, Marie

    2010-01-01

    The superintendent is the highest ranking administrator in a school district (Katz, 2005). Despite increasing trends of women advancing in the fields of business and government, the superintendent position in school districts still has relatively few women (Brunner & Grogan, 2007; Dana & Bourisaw, 2006; Glass, 2000; Grogan & Brunner, 2005; Katz,…

  14. Collaborating on Global Priorities: Science Education for Everyone--Any Time and Everywhere

    Tobin, Kenneth

    2016-01-01

    Building on the key ideas from Dana Zeidler's paper I expand the conversation from the standpoint that the challenges facing humanity and the capacity of Earth to support life suggest that changes in human lifestyles are a priority. Accordingly, there is an urgent need to educate all humans about some of the science-related grand challenges, such…

  15. Why We Got Serious about Interdisciplinary Teaching

    Haring, Dana; Kelner, Tom

    2016-01-01

    When Tom Kelner, a 7th grade social studies teacher, realized that under the Common Core standards he'd be responsible for strengthening students' reading, writing, and research skills in his social studies classes, first he panicked. Then he approached Dana Haring, an English language arts teacher on his 7th grade team, and asked if they could…

  16. Ikone Andreja Rubljova "Spass", naidennoi v Zvenigorode : [luuletused] / Vladimir Zhilkin

    Zhilkin, Vladimir

    2007-01-01

    Sisu: Ikone Andreja Rubljova "Spass", naidennoi v Zvenigorode ; Olegu Võssotskomu ; Volode Pavlovu ; Dozhdi s kolokoltshikami ; Andreju Denissovu ; "Mir - labirint. Ne kazhdomu dana..." ; "Vse nashi bedõ - oni iz proshlogo..." ; Restavratsija Pokrovskogo sobora v Izmailove ; "Kak v tainu vhozhu v etot den, v etot tshass..." ; Moim utshenikam ; "Bez prijuta, bez deneg, bez paniki..."

  17. EST Table: FS832179 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Full Text Available milar to ribosome biogenesis protein brix [Nasonia vitripennis] 10/09/10 60 %/223 aa FBpp0127933|DanaGF24741...5365 10/09/10 59 %/224 aa gnl|Amel|GB12626-PA 10/09/10 55 %/276 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix

  18. EST Table: FS870427 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Full Text Available milar to ribosome biogenesis protein brix [Nasonia vitripennis] 10/09/11 63 %/215 aa FBpp0127933|DanaGF24741...5365 10/09/10 62 %/216 aa gnl|Amel|GB12626-PA 10/09/10 58 %/268 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix

  19. EST Table: FS861595 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Full Text Available milar to ribosome biogenesis protein brix [Nasonia vitripennis] 10/09/11 66 %/160 aa FBpp0127933|DanaGF24741...5365 10/09/10 62 %/163 aa gnl|Amel|GB12626-PA 10/09/10 58 %/215 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix

  20. Renal (Kidney) Manifestations in TSC

    Full Text Available ... Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School and Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, John J. Bissler, M.D., LeBonheur Children’s Hospital and St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, and David H. Ewalt, M. ...

  1. EST Table: FS903947 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Full Text Available protein [Choristoneura parallela] 10/09/12 52 %/205 aa FBpp0127866|DanaGF24674-PA 10/08/29 low homology 10/0...FS903947 E_FL_ftes_53C11_R_0 10/09/28 55 %/208 aa gb|AAN39695.1| ATP synthase-like

  2. EST Table: FS902675 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Full Text Available protein [Choristoneura parallela] 10/09/12 52 %/205 aa FBpp0127866|DanaGF24674-PA 10/08/29 low homology 10/0...FS902675 E_FL_ftes_48G04_R_0 10/09/28 55 %/208 aa gb|AAN39695.1| ATP synthase-like

  3. EST Table: FS891415 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Full Text Available protein [Choristoneura parallela] 10/09/12 52 %/205 aa FBpp0127866|DanaGF24674-PA 10/08/29 low homology 10/0...FS891415 E_FL_ftes_02N09_R_0 10/09/28 55 %/208 aa gb|AAN39695.1| ATP synthase-like

  4. Revision of the Indo-Pacific species of the genus Distichopora

    Boschma, H.

    1959-01-01

    Twenty-one species of Distichopora have been described after specimens from various localities in the Indo-Pacific region, viz., D. violacea (Pallas, 1766) from “Mare Indicum”, D. cinnabarina Nardo, 1844, from the Red Sea (?), D. gracilis Dana, 1848, from the Tuamotu Islands, D. coccinea Gray, 1860,

  5. New species of the genus Sinularia (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea) from Nha Trang Bay, South China Sea, Vietnam

    Dautova, T.N.; Ofwegen, van L.P.; Savinkin, O.V.

    2010-01-01

    A total of eight Sinularia species is described and depicted, all from Nha Trang Bay, Vietnam (South China Sea). Six are new to science: S. capricornis, S. multiflora, S. pumila, S. sarmentosa, S. torta, and S. uva. Two other ones represent just new records for Vietnam: S. rigida (Dana, 1846) and S.

  6. Going to a Therapist

    ... feels therapy is really helping to build her self-esteem. Britt just joined a therapy group for eating disorders led by her school's psychologist, and her friend Dana said she'd go with her. When our parents were in school, very few kids went to ...

  7. 77 FR 74266 - Review of National Environmental Policy Act Categorical Exclusion Survey Posted on DOT/FHWA Web Site

    2012-12-13

    ... applicable (72 FR 44038 (Aug. 7, 2007), Docket No. FTA-2006-26604 and 77 FR 15310 (Mar. 15, 2012), Docket No...), (202) 366-0463, or Dana Nifosi, Office of Chief Counsel (TCC), (202) 366-4011. Office hours are from...

  8. 77 FR 42354 - Designation of Transportation Management Areas

    2012-07-18

    ... Register on July 8, 2002, at 67 FR 45173. DATES: Effective Date: July 18, 2012. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION..., 2011 (76 FR 53030). As a result of using these definitions, there were significant changes in the..., email: Charles.Goodman@dot.gov , or Dana Nifosi, Office of Chief Counsel (TCC), (202) 366-4011,...

  9. Bulharistka s múzickými sklony

    Černý, Marcel

    -, 1-2 (2015), s. 118-163. ISSN 1312-9252 Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : Hronková, Danuše (Dana) (1930-) * Bulgarian literary studies * Czech-Bulgarian cultural relations * bibliography Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  10. Držači mjesta u prevenciji posljedica preranog gubitka mliječnog zuba

    Ceranić, Ivan

    1990-01-01

    U radu su prikazana dva slučaja sekundarnih kompresija u području donje čeljusti, kao posljedice preranog gubitka mliječnih zubi u području zone odupiranja. Terapija sa svrhom pribavljanja izgubljenog prostora provedena je fiksnim ortodontskim tretmanom i trajala je oko godinu dana.

  11. Men with Advanced Prostate Cancer Might Consider Gene Test

    ... whether abnormal DNA repair genes could help predict disease outcomes, the scientists said. The study team consisted of researchers from Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center in Seattle, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, the University of Washington ...

  12. Renal (Kidney) Manifestations in TSC

    ... and Urology Foundation: www.kidneyurology.org Polycystic Kidney Disease Foundation: www.pkdcure.org Reviewed and updated by Elizabeth Petri Henske, M.D., Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School and Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, John J. Bissler, M. ...

  13. Renal (Kidney) Manifestations in TSC

    Full Text Available ... and Urology Foundation: www.kidneyurology.org Polycystic Kidney Disease Foundation: www.pkdcure.org Reviewed and updated by Elizabeth Petri Henske, M.D., Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School and Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, John J. Bissler, M. ...

  14. Women in IT

    Campus Technology, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Today, female students outnumber males on campus, earn a higher number of BA degrees, and surpass men in completing advanced degrees. So there is a certain irony in the fact that executive roles on campus are still dominated by men--and IT is no exception. "Campus Technology" asked three women (Pam McQuesten, Dana Hoover, and Jill Albin-Hill)…

  15. Handbook of Cross-Cultural and Multicultural Personality Assessment. Personality and Clinical Psychology Series.

    Dana, Richard H., Ed.

    This collection of papers includes: (1) "An Assessment-Intervention Model for Research and Practice with Multicultural Populations" (Richard H. Dana); (2) "An Africentric Perspective for Clinical Research and Practice" (Edward F. Morris); (3) "Myths about the Null Hypothesis and the Path to Reform" (Robert G. Malgady); (4) "A Construct-Based…

  16. Navika pušenja na radnom mjestu kod medicinskih sestara - usporedba između Opće bolnice i Doma zdravlja Dubrovnik

    Majder, Edita; Kurtović, Iris; Šutalo, Martina; Budimir, Anita; Rakidžija, Blanka; Lučić, Ana

    2015-01-01

    Danas kronične nezarazne bolesti uzrokuju 63 % ukupnog mortaliteta, a duhanski preparati jedan su od najvećih rizičnih čimbenika [1] . Pušenje je rizični čimbenik za nastanak velikog broja bolesti koje znatno smanjuju stupanj kvalitete života te uzrokuju prijevremenu smrt.

  17. Opravdanost primjene PLC-a za "manje" aplikacije

    Srpak, Dunja

    2008-01-01

    Primjena programabilnog logičkog upravljača (u daljnjem tekstu PLC, od engl. Programmable Logic Controller) u automatizaciji danas je već znatno raširena, moglo bi se reći "nije ništa novo". Ipak, kad se kaže da je upravljanje nekim strojem, uređajem ili postrojenjem izvedeno PLC-om, većina automatski očekuje kompliciranu i svakako skupu automatiku. Istina je da ozbiljnije, složenije i zahtjevnije izvedbe upravljačkih sklopova danas podrazumijevaju primjenu PLC-a, čak i više njih umreženih u ...

  18. KNJIŽEVNI INTERESI MLADEŽI (na području Istarske i Primorsko-goranske županije)

    Plavčić, Marlena; Ljubešić, Marko

    2009-01-01

    Današnja generacija mladih živi znatno drukčijim životom od generacija mla¬dih prije dvadesetak i više godina. Mladi sve više upotrebljavaju mnoge suvremene medije, a sve manje vremena posvećuju čitanju knjiga. Ovim se istraživanjem nasto¬jalo provjeriti što današnja mladež čita, koji su im najdraži autori, na koji način oda¬biru knjige te kako kasnije komuniciraju o pročitanim knjigama. Kao osnovu za ovo is¬traživanje uzeli smo anketni listić koji se ispunjavao u deset hrvatskih knjižnica u ...

  19. Odgoj i građanstvo

    Chávez Villanueva, Pascual

    2009-01-01

    U današnjem društvu valja posebno poraditi na integriranju odgoja u kulturu i na promicanju škole koja odgaja za vrednote. Pojašnjavajući tu početnu misao, autor podsjeća na klasičnu paideiu i njezin utjecaj na školski model na Zapadu. Kršćanstvo od svog nastanka razvija specifičnu, "kršćansku paideiu" te novi kulturalni i odgojni model. Danas, na početku 21. st., potrebno je iznova definirati ciljeve odgoja kako bi se uspostavila ravnoteža između osobnog odgoja i obrazovanja i enciklopedijsk...

  20. Salezijansko poslanje i ljudska prava, posebice prava maloljetnika

    Chávez Villanueva, Pascual

    2009-01-01

    U članku je riječ o angažmanu za ljudska prava, posebice prava maloljetnika, s posebnim osvrtom na salezijansko poslanje. Svojim aktivnim angažiranjem u odgoju i promicanju kulture odgoja salezijanci konkretno prihvaćaju i podupiru Opću deklaraciju o ljudskim pravima Ujedinjenih naroda. Nažalost, odgoj i obrazovanje danas su često u teškom položaju. To potvrđuje i papa Benedikt XVI koji govori o izvanrednom položaju odgoja. Tragično je što i danas još ima mnogo djece i mladih kojima nije p...

  1. Kajian dan Pelaksanaan Manajemen Insiden di Kantor Pelayanan Perbendaharaan Negara di Lingkungan Kantor Wilayah Perbendaharaan Jawa Timur

    Eko Supristiowadi

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Kantor Pelayanan Perbendaharaan Negara (KPPN adalah kantor perwakilan Departemen Keuangan di daerah yang berada di bawah Direktorat Jenderal Perbendaharaan, yang fungsi utamanya adalah pengelolaan Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara (APBN khususnya dalam hal pengeluaran dana APBN. Untuk menunjang kegiatan operasional KPPN terkait pencairan dana APBN, KPPN menggunakan perangkat teknologi informasi baik yang bersifat perangkat keras maupun aplikasi. Semakin tinggi peranan teknologi informasi dalam menunjang kegiatan operasional KPPN, sudah seharusnya KPPN memiliki sebuah perangkat Manajemen Layanan Teknologi Informasi (MLTI yang dapat menjaga kualitas layanan teknologi informasi yang ada di KPPN. Penerapan MLTI bisa didasarkan pada sebuah standart yang sudah berlaku internasional seperti salah satunya adalah ITIL (Information Technology Infrastructur Library. Sebagai langkah awal pelaksanaan MLTI di KPPN, maka KPPN dapat melaksanakan manajemen insiden. Dengan adanya manajemen insiden diharapkan insiden yang terjadi pada perangkat layanan teknologi informasi di KPPN dapat tertangani secara cepat dan tidak sampai menganggu proses bisnis yang ada.

  2. Antun Nemčić i kazalište

    Peklić, Ivan

    2014-01-01

    U članku sam obradio Nemčićev odnos prema hrvatskom kazalištu. U prvom dijelu istražio sam književne kritike Nemčićeve komedije Kvas bez kruha, počevši od 1854. godine, kada je objavljena, do današnjih dana. Isto tako, u članku sam nastojao ukazati na Nemčićevo mjesto u povijesti hrvatske drame. Također sam iznio i kritike o toj Nemčićevoj komediji. U drugom sam, pak, dijelu prikazao izvođenje te Nemčićeve komedije u hrvatskim kazalištima i naveo kazališne kritike, koje su objavljene u novina...

  3. Bioetika i novinarstvo

    Sorta-Bilajac, Iva

    2007-01-01

    Danas, međutim, bioetici više nije potrebno novinarstvo koje će samo dokazivati da je ona rođena i da postoji, nego kreativno novinarstvo koje će kvalifi cirano pisati o bioetičkim temama. S druge strane, i današnje novinarstvo traži od svojih sudionika da bioetičkim pitanjima pristupaju znalački i dubinski, te da sami otkrivaju bioetičke teme, postavljaju prava bioetička pitanja i da zajedno s bioetičarima raspravljaju o tim pitanjima tražeći prave odgovore. A za tu vrstu n...

  4. transnacionalnog konstitucionalizma

    Arsen Bačić

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Recentna literatura novog konstitucionalizma i s njim povezanog ustavnog prava na velika se vrata vratila metafori dijaloga. Dok u klasičnom ustavnom pravu dijalog crpi svoja tradicionalna značenja iz političke filozofije antike, u naše se vrijeme metafora dijaloga, ponajviše usidrena u području komparativnog ustavnog prava, razumije na više načina. Dijalog se danas razumije kao instrument transplantacije, neformalan način komunikacije između sudskih i političkih tijela, nova paradigma sudbenih odnosa između aktera koji ne pripadaju istom pravnom poretku, itd. U ovom tekstu autori ukazuju na prirodu i granice dijaloga koji se danas vodi u okvirima komparativnog ustavnog prava, te se kratko osvrću na pojavu metafore dijaloga u hrvatskim ustavnopravnim okvirima.

  5. Edukacija i zaštita okoliša

    Udovičić, Božo

    2012-01-01

    Nastanak Zemlje i života na njoj, te održanja razvoja flore i faune do današnjih dana uvjetovano je korištenjem energije i postojanjem atmosfere. Čovjek svojim aktivnostima i opstojnošću zagađuje okoliš (tlo, vodu, zrak, buku itd.). Svakim danom sve je više stanovnika na Zemlji, samim tim i sve većom potrošnjom energije sve se više zagađuje okoliš. Zbog toga se postavljaju pitanja: održivog razvoja, rizika zagađenja okoliša i njegova očuvanja, troškova i kontrole onečišćenja, te neophodno pot...

  6. KAMENI GRBOVI U GRADU VARAŽDINU OD 13. DO 17. STOLJEĆA

    KUKEC-ŠIMEK, MADELEINE

    2014-01-01

    Glavna je ideja ovog rada bila popisati grbove Varaždinske županije dodijeljene u razdoblju od 13. do 17. stoljeća, napraviti njihovu heraldičku analizu i procijeniti njihovo zatečeno fizičko stanje. Grbova plemstva dodijeljenih u srednjem vijeku koji su ostali sačuvani do današnjih dana na području čitave Varaždinske županije ima u većoj količini te je iz tog razloga odlučeno da se pažnja ponajviše usmjeri na županijsko središte - grad Varaždin. Kroz ovaj je rad, sve zajedno, ...

  7. Sprečavanje razgradnje hlapljivih estera i terpena tijekom skladištenja vina i pripravka sličnog vinu dodatkom fenolnih ekstrakata

    Lambropoulos, Ioannis; Roussis, Ioannis G.

    2007-01-01

    Istražen je utjecaj fenolnih ekstrakata crnog vina na stabilnost hlapljivih estera i terpena u vinu. Muškat (bijelo vino) i Xinomavro (crno vino) obogaćeni su s po 120 ili 200 mg/L ekstrakta i skladišteni u otvorenim bocama tijekom 3 odnosno 2,5 dana pri 20 °C. Pripravak sličan vinu, koji sadrži izoamilacetat, etilheksanoat i linalol, također je obogaćen s 100 mg/L fenolnog ekstrakta, te skladišten u zatvorenim bocama pri 20 °C tijekom 45-90 dana. Hlapljive komponente svih uzoraka analizirane...

  8. 基于线粒体cox1片段序列的胶州湾浮游动物DNA条形码分析%DNA BARCODING OF ZOOPLANKTON IN THE JIAOZHOU BAY FOR SPECIES IDENTIFICATION

    王敏晓; 程方平; 李超伦; 孙松

    2011-01-01

    species.According to the Bayesian and neighbor-joining trees,the monophyly of all the species was resolved,with the node confidence support value of 1.However,the genetic divergence at the level of genera and family overlapped,possibly owing to the substitutional saturation.The lack of gap precluded the utility of cox1 sequence as the only molecular markers for phylogenetic issues at above levels.At higher taxonomic levels,cox1 sequences exhibited some resolving power by clustering the species within the lineage for some groups,including Copepoda,Scyphozoa,and Chaetognatha.In addition,DNA barcodes allowed recognition of cryptic species and mis-identified species.Based on the analyses of DNA barcodes,species names of several copepods were revised.Acartia hongi and Acartia omorii were mislabeled as Acartia bifilosa and Acartia clausi in previous reports.Acartia pacifica,which had been considered as one species with an apparent ability to live at a very wide range of salinities,was actually comprised of two different species:Acartia pacifica present at high salinity and Acartia ohtsukai at low salinity.Consequently,DNA barcoding based on cox1 fragments were confirmed to be an appealing tool for zooplankton investigations by identifying specimens during all life stages.A comprehensive DNA barcode database will allow rapid assessment of species diversity and distribution of zooplankton in the Chinese coastal regions.%采用cox1基因特异扩增测序的方法,分析了胶州湾45种常见海洋动物的DNA条形码序列82条,联合GenBank中28条cox1序列的分析结果表明:种内个体间遗传差异均值为0.013(0—0.11);属内不同种间遗传差异均值为0.265(0.137—0.369),是种内遗传差异的20多倍,条形码间隙明显。在分子系统树中,所有种类的不同个体都聚成一个单系枝;cox1序列遗传差异在科、属水平发生重叠,无法准确解析上述分类阶元的系统发育关系;但在更高分类阶元,cox1序列具

  9. Qualitative Web Analytics: New Insights into Navigation Analysis and User Behavior - A Case Study of the German Education Server.

    Keil, Stefan; Böhm, Peter; Rittberger, Marc

    2015-01-01

    Web analytics is a common approach to monitoring and analyzing user behavior on websites. We investigated three different research aspects which can be addressed using web analytics data. Our main concern was the dana quality, followed by general findings on user behavior as well as potential usability issues. We chose an iterative, qualitative approach in order to address all three aspects. Further, we annotated usage data in detail to achieve a deeper understanding of possible user intentio...

  10. Pyrethroid insecticide exposure in school-aged children living in rice and aquacultural farming regions of Thailand

    Rohitrattana J; Siriwong W; Robson M; Panuwet P; Barr DB; Fiedler N

    2014-01-01

    Juthasiri Rohitrattana,1 Wattasit Siriwong,1,2 Mark Robson,2–4 Parinya Panuwet,5 Dana Boyd Barr,5 Nancy Fiedler3,6 1College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand; 2Thai Fogarty (ITREOH) International Training and Research in Environmental and Occupational Health Center, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand; 3Environmental and Occupational Health Science Institute, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, USA; 4School of Environmental and Biological Sci...

  11. Pyrethroid insecticide exposure in school-aged children living in rice and aquacultural farming regions of Thailand

    Rohitrattana, Juthasiri

    2014-01-01

    Juthasiri Rohitrattana,1 Wattasit Siriwong,1,2 Mark Robson,2–4 Parinya Panuwet,5 Dana Boyd Barr,5 Nancy Fiedler3,6 1College of Public Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand; 2Thai Fogarty (ITREOH) International Training and Research in Environmental and Occupational Health Center, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand; 3Environmental and Occupational Health Science Institute, Rutgers University, Piscataway, NJ, USA; 4School of Environmental and Biological...

  12. CELOSTNA PRENOVA VRSTNEGA NASELJA ROŽNA DOLINA V PEKRAH PRI MARIBORU

    Gomboc, Primož

    2015-01-01

    Magistrsko delo zajema analizo obstoječega naselja vrstnih montažnih hiš v Pekrah pri Mariboru, njegovo prenovo na urbanistični, arhitekturni ravni ter energijsko prenovo hiš v naselju. Ukvarja se s problematiko enodružinskih prostostoječih hiš. Opisuje prednosti ter nujnost zgoščene pozidave glede na današnje družbene razmere.

  13. ODLOČITVENI MODEL ZA DOLOČANJE MINIMALNE PROIZVODNE KOLIČINE V GRAFIČNI PROIZVODNJI

    Krvina, Rafael

    2016-01-01

    Dinamično poslovno okolje ima za posledico spreminjanje proizvodnih in poslovnih procesov. V nekaterih primerih gre za delno prenovo, marsikje gre za prenovo celotnega sistema. Kupci zahtevajo kratke dobavne roke, naročila se spreminjajo tik pred začetkom proizvodnje ali celo med samo proizvodnjo. Kupec v današnjem poslovnem svetu želi nizke cene, kvaliteten proizvod in kratke dobavne roke. Navedene zahteve ustvarjajo pri dobaviteljih prilagodljivost, zlasti v temeljnem transformacijskem proc...

  14. A note on two notions of arbitrage

    2003-01-01

    In the framework of economics models with unbounded short sales a number of different conditions limiting arbitrage opportunities have been introduced. Dana, Le Van and Magnien [JET.87(1999)169] appeal to the condition of compactness of the individually rational utility set and show that all prior conditions in the literature limiting arbitrage opportunities imply this compactness. More recently,Page, Wooders and Monteiro [JME.34(2000)439] introduced the condition of inconsequential arbitrage...

  15. Tinjauan Juridis Dalam Pelaksanaan Leasing Pada PT. Capella Multidana Medan

    Nasution, Fazlan Hadi

    2008-01-01

    Leasing merupakan suatu lembaga pembiayaan alternatif lain selain bank. Leasing lahir dikarenakan bank dirasa kurang dapat menyediakan dana selain juga bunga yang diberikan bank cukup tinggi. Lahirnya leasing merupakan cukup membantu para pengusaha yang bermodal kecil untuk dapat menjalankan usahanya, Karena dirasakan leasing ini sangat membantu dan dapat meningkatkan laju pertumbuhan ekonomi nasional, maka pertumbuhan leasing ini cepat berkembang, terlihat dari makin banyaknya masyarakat yan...

  16. Interpersonalna psihoterapija

    Milojević, Milica; Hadži Pešić, Marina

    2012-01-01

    Interpersonalna psihoterapija je relativno nov psihoterapijski pristup, kratkog trajanja, čiji je fokus psihoterapijski rad na problemima u socijalnoj i interpersonalnoj sferi. Originalno razvijena od strane Klermana, Chevrona i Weissmana u svrhu liječenja depresije, danas se koristi kod velikog broja poremećaja. U njenoj osnovi nalazi se, sve prisutniji u teoriji i praksi, biopsihosocijalni model psihološkog funkcioniranja. Prema ovom modelu biološki, socijalni i psihološki faktori zajedn...

  17. Unmet needs of bipolar disorder patients

    Hajda M; Prasko J; Latalova K; Hruby R; Ociskova M; Holubova M; Kamaradova D; Mainerova B

    2016-01-01

    Miroslav Hajda,1 Jan Prasko,1 Klara Latalova,1 Radovan Hruby,2 Marie Ociskova,1 Michaela Holubova,1,3 Dana Kamaradova,1 Barbora Mainerova1 1Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, University Hospital Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 2Outpatient Psychiatric Department, Martin, Slovak Republic; 3Department of Psychiatry, Regional Hospital Liberec, Liberec, Czech Republic Background: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a serious mental illness with advers...

  18. Rembrandt and the Female Nude

    Sluijter, Eric Jan

    2006-01-01

    Rembrandt's extraordinary paintings of female nudes - Andromeda, Susanna, Diana and Her Nymphs, Danaë, Bathsheba - as well as his etchings of nude women, have fascinated many generations of art lovers and art historians, but they have also elicited vehement criticism. They were considered against-the-grain, anti-classical, even ugly and unpleasant. However, Rembrandt chose conventional subjects, keeping close to time-honored pictorial schemes, and was well aware of the high prestige accorded ...

  19. Comparing the effects of introduced signal crayfish and native noble crayfish on the littoral invertebrate assemblages of boreal lakes

    Ercoli, Fabio; Ruokonen, Timo; Erkamo, Esa; Jones, Roger; Hämäläinen, Heikki

    2015-01-01

    The introduced North American signal crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana) has replaced the native noble crayfish (Astacus astacus) in many European freshwaters and can be considered a new component of these ecosystems. The 2 species are apparently similar in many respects, but their ecological equivalence is uncertain and has been little investigated, especially at the whole-lake scale. We compared the effects of the 2 species on the abundance, species richness, and compositio...

  20. Pelagic Ostracods of the Genera Halocypris and Felia (Subfamily Halocypridinae) from the North Pacific

    Chavtur, Vladimir G.; STOVBUN, GALINA G.

    2008-01-01

    Morphology of Halocypris inflata (Dana, 1853), H. pelagica Claus, 1890, Felia cornuta (Müller, 1906) and F. bicornis (Müller, 1906) is examined with North Pacific materials and compared with previous records. Complete synonymy and corrected distribution were given for these species. Halocypris angustifrontalis, new species is described in detail. It differs from known species of this genus by its very large size and the structure of the coxal segment of the mandible. Keys to all species of bo...

  1. Pakistani childrens’ views of TV advertising

    Muhammad Kashif; Umair Altaf; Sajid Ali; Umer Asif; Hafiz Muhammad Ayub; Wafa Abeer; Ernest Cyril de Run

    2012-01-01

    This qualitative study explores Pakistani children’s views regarding TV advertising and outlines the factors impacting their choice of snack brands. Thirty-six children from three schools were selected purposefully and qualitative dana was collected through focus group sessions held in schools. Findings suggest that children understand the intended message of snack brand advertisers. Different variants of brands focusing on some product- and non-product related elements are considered imperat...

  2. Treatment of short stature and growth hormone deficiency in children with somatotropin (rDNA origin)

    Hardin, Dana S.

    2008-01-01

    Dana S HardinOhio State University and Columbus Children’s Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USAAbstract: Somatotropin (growth hormone, GH) of recombinant DNA origin has provided a readily available and safe drug that has greatly improved management of children and adolescents with GH deficiency (GHD) and other disorders of growth. In the US and Europe, regulatory agencies have given approval for the use of GH in children and adults who meet specific criteria. However, clinical and ethical ...

  3. A Study of Student Teacher Experiences in a Multicultural School or Learning to Teach Teachers Who Will Teach "Other People's Children"

    Rose, Dana Gregory

    2005-01-01

    Dana Gregory Rose Multicultural teacher education promotes "culturally responsive practice" as a means of meeting the needs of diverse children. This qualitative study investigates four student teachers' field experiences so as to better understand future teachers' translation of "culturally responsive practice" during field work. Data sources include individual and group interview-conversations across a semester and the researcher's own stories from her experiences as a pa...

  4. Suzbijanja nezakonite trgovine opojnim drogama na međunarodnom planu s osvrtom na hrvatsko kazneno zakonodavstvo

    Milivojević, Lana

    2009-01-01

    U tekstu se ukazuje na konstantnu aktualnost nezakonite trgovine drogom kao pojavnom obliku transnacionalnoga organiziranog kriminala. Radi ukazivanja na dugotrajnost problema vezanih uz opojne droge opisan je put međunarodnopravne regulacije vezane uz opojne droge od samih začetaka pa do danas. Također su navedene i odredbe hrvatskoga kaznenopravnog zakonodavstva koje reguliraju to područje, uz osvrt na pribavljene statističke podatke o kriminalitetu droga.

  5. KOMPARATIVNA ANALIZA SOCIALNEGA MARKETINGA V DVEH NEPROFITNIH SLOVENSKIH ORGANIZACIJAH

    Prnjavorac, Nihada

    2016-01-01

    Neprofitne organizacije igrajo zelo pomembno vlogo v današnji družbi. In čeprav njihova opredelitev ni enostavna, se avtorji strinjajo, da neprofitne organizacije obstajajo za zagotavljanje splošne izboljšave v družbi. Njihov obseg dela daleč presega prodajo vsakdanjih izdelkov ali ponudbo vsakodnevnih storitev. Enako kot pridobitne organizacije, neprofitne organizacije tudi uporabljajo marketing v svojih aktivnosti, vendar z eno razliko: njihove dejavnosti so usmerjene v korist njihovih c...

  6. Socijalna politika i obitelj

    Puljiz, Vlado

    1994-01-01

    U ovom članku analizira se evolucija i priroda socijalne politike prema obitelji u europskim zemljama. Autor intervenciju države u privatnu sferu obitelji, u smislu materijalne i druge potpore, dovodi u vezu s nastankom industrijskog društva i raspadom mreže tradicionalne porodične solidarnosti. U razvijenim zemljama socijalna davanja za djecu i obitelj danas su vrlo razvijena. Ipak, neki proklamirani ciljevi socijalne politike prema obitelji nisu postignuti, prije svega oni pronatalitetni. U...

  7. WIRELESS COMMUNICATION IN COOPERATIVE URBAN TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

    Vujić, Miroslav; Škorput, Pero; Ćelić, Jasmin

    2015-01-01

    The possibility to enable cooperative concept in urban traffic systems is challenging because of large amount of traffic data that must be collected, processed and distributed to end users. The main objective is to establish communication between three main subsystems of traffic system: driver, vehicle and infrastructure so that they can cooperate in real time traffic environment. This paper describes various wireless communication technologies that can be used to achieve real time dana excha...

  8. Pravni ustroj nogometnih klubova u Republici Hrvatskoj

    Ivkošić, Marko

    2010-01-01

    Djelatnost sudjelovanja u nogometnim natjecanjima naši nogometni klubovi obavljaju amaterski i profesionalno. Nastoji se prikazati ustroj i djelovanje profesionalnih nogometnih klubova. Uobičajeni ustrojbeni oblik udruge danas ima alternativu u športskom dioničkom društvu. Analiziraju se prednsti i nedostaci ustrojbenih tipova nogometnih klubova. Zbog posvemašnje komercijalizacije nogometa dovodi se u pitanje prikladnost ustrojbenog oblika kod naših najuspješnijih klugova. Ekonomski nezdravi ...

  9. The impact of social support on the risk of eating disorders in women exposed to intimate partner violence

    Schirk DK; Lehman EB; Perry AN; Ornstein RM; McCall-Hosenfeld JS

    2015-01-01

    Dana K Schirk,1 Erik B Lehman,2 Amanda N Perry,3 Rollyn M Ornstein,4 Jennifer S McCall-Hosenfeld2,5 1The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, 2Department of Public Health Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, 3Department of Agricultural Economics, Sociology, and Education, Division of Rural Sociology, College of Agriculture, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, 4Department of Pediatrics, 5Department of Medicine, The Pennsylvania St...

  10. Anksiozna stanja i antidepresivi

    Dodig, Goran

    2002-01-01

    Da se ta tema prikaže ukratko, u članku valja razmotriti bar teorijske i povijesne stavove. Navode se terapijske postavke, a namijenjene su ponajprije liječnicima -praktičarima nepsihijatrijskog kruga. Većina problema koje izaziva patološka anksioznost danas se rješava antidepresivima, osobito liječenje paničnih poremećaja te obuzeto-prisilnih stanja.

  11. Efficacy of palifermin (keratinocyte growth factor-1) in the amelioration of oral mucositis

    Sonis, Stephen T.

    2010-01-01

    Stephen T SonisBrigham and Women’s Hospital and the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USAPurpose: Oral mucositis is a significant toxicity of cytotoxic chemo- and radiation-therapy used to treat cancer. Palifermin is the first pharmaceutical/biological agent approved for the intervention of oral mucositis. The major objective of this review is to evaluate the evidence supporting the use of palifermin.Methods: A literature search was performed using an appropriate keyword sea...

  12. Investigating the effects of knowledge management and organizational innovation on organizational strategy: Evidence from insurance industry

    Seyed Mohsen Taheri; Amir Homayoun Sarfaraz; Seyed Mohsen Seyed AliAkbar

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents an exploratory factor analysis on knowledge management and organizational innovation items influencing on organizational strategy. The study designs a questionnaire in Likert scale and distributes it among 210 employees in an insurance firm named Dana located in Iran. Cronbach alpha has been well above 0.90, which confirms the validity of the overall survey. Using principle component analysis, the study extracts six critical success factors influencing on knowledge managem...

  13. Singlid. Albumid : Sound / Ahto Vahter

    Vahter, Ahto

    1998-01-01

    Uutest singlitest Foo Fighters "Walking After You", Uni "St.Johns Fever", R.E.M."Daysleeper", Laila "Here We Go Again", Morcheeba "Part Of The Process", Alanis Morissette "Thank You" ja albumitest Sash! "Life Goes on", Dana International "The Album", Juice "Juice", Mica Paris "Black Angel", Music Instructor "Electro City", Republica "Speed Ballads", Crystal Waters "Best Of", Suzanne Vega "Tried And True.Best Of" ja filmimuusikakogumikust "The Oliver Stone Connection"

  14. The importance of dietary calcium consumption in two species of semi-terrestrial grapsoid crabs A importância do consumo de cálcio na dieta de duas espécies de caranguejos grapsóides semi-terrestres

    Flavia P. Zanotto; Felipe Pinheiro; Marina G. e Sá

    2009-01-01

    Calcium (Ca) is essential for crustaceans, due to calcium carbonate (CaCO3) deposition in the new exoskeleton to harden it. The purpose of this work was to study short term Ca balance in terms of dietary Ca ingestion in two phylogenetically related crabs (Superfamily Grapsoidea) showing different degrees of terrestrial adaptations: Sesarma rectum Randall, 1840 and Neohelice granulata (Dana, 1851). Dietary Ca ingestion was studied using purified diets with different Ca concentrations (0, 2.2 a...

  15. CONTRIBUTION REGARDING THE INFLUENCE OF SIMAZIN TREATMENT ON SOME PHYSIOLOGICAL INDICES TO BARLEY PLANTLETS (HORDEUM VULGARE L.

    GABRIELA CĂPRARU

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The use of Simazin herbicide to Miraj and to Dana cultivars, in concentration of 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.5% and 1% determinated the variation of some physiological indices. The energy and the faculty of germination decreased to both cultivars, proportionally to the increase of the pesticide concentration. The process of photosynthesis was intensified at the high doses of herbicide also producing the accumulation of total mineral elements.

  16. Morphological and functional study of the marginal sphincter of the sea anemones Phymactis clematis and Aulactinia marplatensis from intertidal of Mar del Plata, Argentina Estudio morfológico y funcional del esfínter marginal de las anémonas de mar Phymactis clematis y Aulactinia marplatensis del intermareal de Mar del Plata, Argentina

    Elvira A. González Oliveira; Darlo Luis Patronelli; Mauricio O. Zamponi

    2009-01-01

    It was made the characterization of marginal sphincter to the species Phymactis clematis (Drayton in Dana, 1849) and Aulactinia marplatensis (Zamponi, 1977), from intertidal ecosystem through their morphogical and functional study. The species P. clematis has a circumscript sphincter of palmate type. This muscle is constituted by a mesogloeal axis and several mesogloeal subaxes. Axis as well as subaxes give a support to the endoderm which border is smooth. Aulactinia marplatensis has a circun...

  17. Rasprostranjenje hrvatske golupke Hemaris croatica (Esper, 1800) (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae) u Hrvatskoj

    Koren, Toni; Bjelić, Maja; Perović, Franjo; Šašić, Martina; Mihoci, Iva; Kučinić, Mladen

    2011-01-01

    Hrvatska golupka je vrsta iz porodice noćnih leptira ljiljaka, izrazite dnevne aktivnosti, opisana iz okolice Karlovca prije više od 200 godina. Od toga razdoblja pa sve do danas postoje tek sporadična publicirana opažanja ove vrste, bez sveobuhvatnog pregleda njezine rasprostranjenosti u Hrvatskoj. Radi distribucije hrvatske golupke prikupljena je i pregledana sva dostupna literatura te zbirke leptira dvaju najvećih hrvatskih prirodoslovnih muzeja. Podatci prikupljeni tijekom zadnjih godina ...

  18. new species of the crab genus Zozymodes (Crustacea: Decapoda: Xanthidae from Guam.

    Lasley, R.M., Jr.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available new species of xanthid crab, Zozymodes sculptus sp. nov.,from Guam is described and illustrated. Zozymodes sculptus is distinguished from its congeners Z. cavipes (Dana, 1852a, Z. nodosus Klunzinger, 1913, Z. pumilus (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1846, Z. xanthoides (Krauss, 1843, and Z. demani Odhner, 1925, by its unusual raised crests of the carapace, two anterior-pointing anterolateral teeth, deep furrow formed by parallel crests on the superior margin of the chelae, and proportionately more narrow carapace.

  19. Crowfunding: A Way to Financing Creative Business in Australia

    Bima Yudhistira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available AbstractCrowdfunding, a new term in financial industries. It provides fund for a new start-up project. In Australia where it becomes the basis of this study, Pozible as a leading crowdfunding platform has already launched 6.929 projects. The fund of US$22.930.536 was used for financing the projects, and 56 percent of the projects were successful. This research has an objective; it is to measure the degree of significancy using linear regression model. The result shows that among the businesses that has already funded by crowdfunding system, ‘video game’ is one of the most favorite project. It is successful in getting pledges. However, food and drink did not get fund as much as the favorites project. It was based on the percentage of fund that has already got from crowdfunding. In short, crowdfunding can help creative business as a top rank start-up rather than manufacture business.Crowdfunding, istilah baru dalam industri keuangan. Crowdfunding adalah dana untuk proyek rintisan. Pozible sebagai platform crowdfunding terkemuka telah meluncurkan 6,929 proyek di Australia. Negara tersebut menjadi dasar dari penelitian ini. Dana sebesar $ 22.930.536 US digunakan untuk membiayai proyek-proyek dan 56 persen dari proyek tersebut sukses. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur tingkat signifikansi dengan menggunakan model regresi linier. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa di antara bisnis yang sudah didanai oleh sistem crowdfunding, ‘video game’ adalah salah satu proyek yang paling favorit dan sukses dalam mendapatkan jaminan. Sedangkan makanan dan minuman tidak mendapatkan dana sebanyak proyek favorit. Hal ini didasarkan pada persentase dana yang telah diperoleh dari crowdfunding. Kesimpulannya adalah crowdfunding lebih bisa membantu bisnis kreatif sebagai a top rank start-up daripada bisnis manufaktur

  20. Gradski park u Virovitici

    Obad Šćitaroci, Mladen; Obad Šćitaroci, Bojana Bojanić

    1996-01-01

    Današnji Gradski park u povijesnoj jezgri Virovitice nastajao je kao park uz srednjovjekovnu tvrđavu i feudalni dvorac. U prvoj polovici 20. st. postao je javni gradski park. U članku se analiziraju njegova obilježja, istražuju se njegove mijene i povijesni razvoj, vrijednosti i očuvanost povijesne matrice te parkovno-urbanistička kompozicija i mogućnosti obnove.

  1. Improvement in erection hardness and intercourse success with first dose of sildenafil citrate 100 mg

    Mulhall JP; Creanga DL; Stecher VJ

    2013-01-01

    John P Mulhall,1 Dana L Creanga,2 Vera J Stecher31Urology Service, Department of Surgery, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA; 2Consultant to Pfizer Inc., New York, NY, USA; 3Medical Affairs, Primary Care Business Unit, Pfizer Inc., New York, NY, USAPurpose: To determine, in men with erectile dysfunction (ED), the extent of improvement in erection hardness and in the rate of successful sexual intercourse (SSI) during the final intercourse attempt using sildenafil 50 mg c...

  2. Crossed products, the Mackey-Rieffel-Green machine and applications

    Echterhoff, Siegfried

    2010-01-01

    We give an introduction into the ideal structure and representation theory of crossed products by actions of locally compact groups on C*-algebras. In particular, we discuss the Mackey-Rieffel-Green theory of induced representations of crossed products and groups. Although we do not give complete proofs of all results, we try at least to explain the main ideas. For a more detailed exposition of many of the results presented here we refer to the beautiful recent book by Dana Williams.

  3. EST Table: FY018987 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Full Text Available ribosome biogenesis protein brix [Nasonia vitripennis] 11/11/04 65 %/216 aa FBpp0127933|DanaGF24741-PA 11/11...1/04 65 %/217 aa gnl|Amel|GB12626-PA 11/11/04 60 %/269 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix domain-containing protein 2 [Tribolium castaneum] FS825195 bmov ...

  4. EST Table: FY011202 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Full Text Available ibosome biogenesis protein brix [Nasonia vitripennis] 11/11/04 66 %/166 aa FBpp0127933|DanaGF24741-PA 11/11/.../04 63 %/169 aa gnl|Amel|GB12626-PA 11/11/04 58 %/221 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix domain-containing protein 2 [Tribolium castaneum] FS825195 bmov ...

  5. EST Table: FY020101 [KAIKOcDNA[Archive

    Full Text Available ribosome biogenesis protein brix [Nasonia vitripennis] 11/11/04 66 %/220 aa FBpp0127933|DanaGF24741-PA 11/11...1/04 64 %/229 aa gnl|Amel|GB12626-PA 11/11/04 59 %/281 aa gi|91090402|ref|XP_970542.1| PREDICTED: similar to brix domain-containing protein 2 [Tribolium castaneum] FS825195 bmov ...

  6. Psychological factors and treatment effectiveness in resistant anxiety disorders in highly comorbid inpatients

    Ociskova M; Prasko J; Latalova K; Kamaradova D; Grambal A

    2016-01-01

    Marie Ociskova, Jan Prasko, Klara Latalova, Dana Kamaradova, Ales Grambal Department of Psychiatry, Olomouc University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University Olomouc, Czech Republic Background: Anxiety disorders are a group of various mental syndromes that have been related with generally poor treatment response. Several psychological factors may improve or hinder treatment effectiveness. Hope has a direct impact on the effectiveness of psychotherapy. Also, d...

  7. Psychological factors and treatment effectiveness in resistant anxiety disorders in highly comorbid inpatients

    Prasko, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Marie Ociskova, Jan Prasko, Klara Latalova, Dana Kamaradova, Ales Grambal Department of Psychiatry, Olomouc University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University Olomouc, Czech Republic Background: Anxiety disorders are a group of various mental syndromes that have been related with generally poor treatment response. Several psychological factors may improve or hinder treatment effectiveness. Hope has a direct impact on the effectiveness of psychotherapy. Als...

  8. Selective ex-vivo photothermal ablation of human pancreatic cancer with albumin functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes

    Mocan L; Tabaran F; Mocan T; Bele C; Orza A; Lucan C; Stiufiuc R; Manaila I; Iulia F; Dana I; Zaharie F; Osian G; Vlad L; Iancu C

    2011-01-01

    Lucian Mocan1, Flaviu A Tabaran2, Teodora Mocan1, Constantin Bele3, Anamaria Ioana Orza1, Ciprian Lucan4, Rares Stiufiuc1, Ioana Manaila1, Ferencz Iulia1, Iancu Dana1, Florin Zaharie1, Gelu Osian1, Liviu Vlad1, Cornel Iancu11Department of Nanomedicine, “Iuliu Hatieganu” University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; 2Department of Pathology, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, Romania; 3Department of Biochemistry, Universit...

  9. Population pharmacokinetics of pegaptanib sodium (Macugen®) in patients with diabetic macular edema

    Basile AS; Hutmacher MM; Kowalski KG; Gandelman KY; Nickens DJ

    2015-01-01

    Anthony S Basile,1 Matthew M Hutmacher,2 Kenneth G Kowalski,2 Kuan Y Gandelman,3 Dana J Nickens1 1Clinical Pharmacology, Specialty Care Business Unit, Pfizer Inc, San Diego, CA, USA; 2Ann Arbor Pharmacometrics Group, Ann Arbor, MI, USA; 3Clinical Pharmacology, World Wide Biopharmaceuticals, Pfizer Inc, New York, NY, USA Objective: Population pharmacokinetic modeling of pegaptanib was undertaken to determine influence of renal function on apparent clearance. Methods: In a randomized, double-...

  10. Liderazgo en prevención de riesgos laborales

    Laura Ambroj Sancho

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available La planificación, implantación y mantenimiento de una serie de acciones y herramientas concretas, dentro de una cultura preventiva y de mejora continua, que han mostrado ser efectivas en la mejora de las condiciones de trabajo, en la reducción de la siniestralidad, y que conllevan un incremento en la satisfacción de las personas que trabajan en Dana.

  11. Analisa Pembeayaan Investasi Proyek Perumahan Green Pakis Regency Malang

    Muhammad Altof Syahrizal; Christiono Utomo

    2014-01-01

    Suatu investasi untuk proyek tentunya membutuhkan pendanaan, baik dengan modal sendiri maupun dengan hutang jangka panjang dengan komposisi tertentu. Pendanaan seperti ini tentunya menimbulkan kendala yaitu ketersediaan sumber dana dan karakteristiknya sehingga mengakibatkan cost of capital tidak optimal. Obyek proyek yang akan menjadi studi kasus dalam penelitian ini adalah Proyek Perumahan Green Pakis Regency Malang seluas 21.610,00 m2 dan memiliki 149 unit rumah yang akan dipasarkan. Tujua...

  12. Morphological and morphometrical analysis of Heterodera spp. populations in Jordan.

    Lafi, Hamzeh A; Al-Banna, Luma; Sadder, Monther T; Migdadi, Hussein M

    2016-01-01

    Phenotypic diversity of five Jordanian populations of cyst nematodes, Heterodera spp. collected from five regions from Jordan (Ar-Ramtha, Madaba, Dana, Al-Karak, and Jerash) was investigated. Soil samples were collected from one representative field in each region. Morphological and morphometrical characteristics revealed that Heterodera latipons is dominated in cereal fields at Ar-Ramtha, Madaba, Dana and Al-Karak regions and Heterodera schachtii in Jerash. Cysts populations from all cereal fields had bifenestrate vulval cone and a strong underbridge. Wherever, cysts of the cabbage population had ambifenestrate vulval cone with long vulval slit. The bullae were absent in Ar-Ramtha, Madaba and Dana populations, but present in Al-Karak and Jerash. Based on 12 morphometrical characters, the first three functions in canonical discriminant analysis accounted 99.3% of the total variation. Distance from dorsal gland duct opening to stylet base, underbridge length, a = L/W (body length/midbody width) and length of hyaline tail tip had strong and significant contributions in the first function. While the second function was strongly influenced by length of hyaline tail, fenestral length, fenestral width and tail length. However, the third canonical discriminate function was found to be influenced by stylet length, fenestral length, a = L/W (body length/midbody width) and underbridge width. The graphical representation of the distribution of the samples showed that the first canonical discriminant function clearly separated H. schachtii from Jerash from other populations. Whereas, H. latipons collected from Madaba and Dana were clearly separated in the second function. The results indicated that differences at morphological and morphometrical levels revealed diverse populations of Heterodera spp. in Jordan. PMID:26858546

  13. Uloga i značenje menadžmenta u osiguranju

    Stanić, Luka; Glavaš, Jerko

    2013-01-01

    Uvjeti u kojima danas djeluju osiguravateljske organizacije u Republici Hrvatskoj, znatno su promijenjeni u odnosu na stanje prije nekoliko godina. Promjene u gospodarskomu sustavu, koje su još u tijeku, bitno mijenjaju uvjete poslovanja osiguravateljskih organizacija u RH te se od njih zahtijeva kontinuirano praćenje kretanja u okolini, brzo djelovanje, inoviranje i poboljšavanje osiguravateljskih usluga sukladno potrebama korisnika. Ključnu ulogu u provedbi organizacijske prilagodb...

  14. Technologies of Existence: The indigenous environmental justice movement

    Dana E Powell

    2006-01-01

    Dana E. Powell argues that the Indigenous Environmental Justice Movement in North America is resignifying ‘development’ through emerging discourses and practices of ‘environmental justice’. She focuses on the emergence of wind and solar energy technologies in the movement as technologies of existence, challenging a history of biopolitical regimes of natural resource development of indigenous lands and bodies while also proposing an alternative approach to cultivating healthy economies, ecolog...

  15. POJAV IN REŠEVANJE KONFLIKTA V ORGANIZACIJI

    Kerčmar, Nataša

    2010-01-01

    Današnje razmere v državi in soočenje s kriznimi razmerami, se v organizacijah še lažje lahko izvaja konflikt. Zato je zelo pomembno, da znamo obvladovati konfliktne situacije in njihove načine - metode za razrešitev le teh. Za pozitivno razrešitev konfliktov je potrebno le dvoje: razumeti, kako nastane konflikt in ustvariti nato vzdušje, ki poudarja pozitivno lastnost konflikta

  16. Violent victimization of adult patients with severe mental illness: a systematic review

    Latalova K; Kamaradova D; Prasko J

    2014-01-01

    Klara Latalova,1,2 Dana Kamaradova,1,2 Jan Prasko1,2 1Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 2Department of Psychiatry, University Hospital Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic Abstract: The aims of this paper are to review data on the prevalence and correlates of violent victimization of persons with severe mental illness, to critically evaluate the literature, and to explore possible approaches for future research. PubMed/MEDLINE and PsycINFO d...

  17. Weight status and body image perceptions in adolescents: current perspectives

    Voelker DK; Reel JJ; Greenleaf C

    2015-01-01

    Dana K Voelker,1 Justine J Reel,2 Christy Greenleaf3 1West Virginia University, College of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, Morgantown, WV, 2University of North Carolina Wilmington, College of Health and Human Services, Wilmington, NC, 3University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee, College of Health Sciences, Milwaukee, WI, USA Abstract: Adolescence represents a pivotal stage in the development of positive or negative body image. Many influences exist during the teen years including tran...

  18. POGLEDI NA TEKMOVALNI SISTEM NOGOMETA V SLOVENIJI

    Pavlović, Igor

    2011-01-01

    Zaradi množičnega udejstvovanja v športni panogi nogomet so potrebna pravila, da se doseže red. Pravila najdemo v pravnih aktih in moj cilj je bil, da ugotovim, kako se ti akti uporabljajo v praksi in kakšen pomen ima tekmovalni sistem. V današnjih časih so na sceni različni nogometaši

  19. Bortezomib in the management of multiple myeloma

    Richardson, Paul

    2009-01-01

    Jacob P Laubach, Constantine S Mitsiades, Teru Hideshima, Robert Schlossman, Dharminder Chauhan, Nikhil Munshi, Irene Ghobrial, Nicole Carreau, Kenneth C Anderson, Paul G RichardsonDepartment of Medical Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts, USAAbstract: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a B-cell malignancy characterized by clonal expansion of plasma cells within the bone marrow, the presence of a serum and/or urine monoclonal protein, lytic bone lesions, and anemia. On a cellu...

  20. Mutation detection in the human HSP70B′ gene by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography

    Hecker, Karl H.; Asea, Alexzander; Kobayashi, Kaoru; Green, Stacy; Tang, Dan; Calderwood, Stuart K

    2000-01-01

    Variances, particularly single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP), in the genomic sequence of individuals are the primary key to understanding gene function as it relates to differences in the susceptibility to disease, environmental influences, and therapy. In this report, the HSP70B′ gene is the target sequence for mutation detection in biopsy samples from human prostate cancer patients undergoing combined hyperthermia and radiation therapy at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, using temperature...

  1. Editorial

    Kieran MW

    2011-01-01

    Mark KieranDana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA, USARapid advances in the molecular characterization of cancer have resulted in new approaches to treatment. For greatest impact, targeted agents, in combination with traditional therapies, will need to be tested in each age group and for each disease. Adolescents and young adults are being recognized as a distinct group of patients that unfortunately are under-represented in formal clinical trials and new treatment assessments. The reason f...

  2. Banting Lecture 2012

    Spiegelman, Bruce M.

    2013-01-01

    The Banting Medal for Scientific Achievement Award is the American Diabetes Association's highest scientific award and honors an individual who has made significant, long-term contributions to the understanding of diabetes, its treatment, and/or prevention.The award is named after Nobel Prize winner Sir Frederick Banting, who codiscovered insulin treatment for diabetes. Bruce M. Spiegelman, PhD, of Harvard Medical School and the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, received the American Di...

  3. B cell receptor pathway in chronic lymphocytic leukemia: specific role of CC-292

    Arnason JE; Brown JR

    2014-01-01

    Jon E Arnason,1 Jennifer R Brown21Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, 2CLL Center, Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USAAbstract: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common adult leukemia. The current treatment paradigm involves the use of chemoimmunotherapy, when patients develop an indication for therapy. With this strategy, a majority of patients will obtain a remission, though cure remains elusive. While treatabl...

  4. Advances in the treatment of monoclonal gammopaties: The emerging role of targeted therapy in plasma cell dyscrasias

    Malagola, Michele

    2008-01-01

    Aldo M Roccaro1, Irene M Ghobrial1, Simona Blotta1, Steven P Treon1, Michele Malagola2, Kenneth C Anderson1, Paul G Richardson1, Domenico Russo21Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA; 2Unit of Blood Diseases and Cell Therapies, University of Brescia Medical School, Brescia, ItalyAbstract: The paradigm for the treatment of monoclonal gammopaties has dramatically changed: therapeutic options in multiple myeloma (MM) have evolved...

  5. Multicenter Validation Study of a Transplantation-Specific Cytogenetics Grouping Scheme for Patients with Myelodysplastic Syndromes

    Armand, Philippe; Deeg, H. Joachim; Kim, Haesook T.; Lee, Hun; Armistead, Paul; Lima, Marcos; Gupta, Vikas; Soiffer, Robert J.

    2009-01-01

    Cytogenetics are an important prognostic factor for patients with MDS. However, existing cytogenetics grouping schemes are based on patients treated with supportive care, and may not be optimal for patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). We previously proposed an SCT-specific cytogenetics grouping scheme for patients with MDS and AML arising from MDS, based on an analysis of patients transplanted at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Under this ...

  6. A disease risk index for patients undergoing allogeneic stem cell transplantation

    Armand, Philippe; Gibson, Christopher J.; Cutler, Corey; Ho, Vincent T.; Koreth, John; Alyea, Edwin P.; Ritz, Jerome; Sorror, Mohamed L.; Lee, Stephanie J.; Deeg, H. Joachim; Storer, Barry E.; Appelbaum, Frederick R.; Antin, Joseph H.; Soiffer, Robert J.; Kim, Haesook T.

    2012-01-01

    The outcome of allogeneic HSCT varies considerably by the disease and remission status at the time of transplantation. Any retrospective or prospective HSCT study that enrolls patients across disease types must account for this heterogeneity; yet, current methods are neither standardized nor validated. We conducted a retrospective study of 1539 patients who underwent transplantation at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute/Brigham and Women's Hospital from 2000 to 2009. Using multivariable models for ...

  7. UTJECAJ KASTRACIJE NA REZULTATE TOVA I ODLIKE TRUPOVA JUNADI HOLŠTAJN PASMINE

    Konjačić, Miljenko; KOS, IVICA; Jakopović, Tomislav; Ivanković, Ante; Širić, Ivan; Kelava Ugarković, Nikolina; Kušec, Vlado; Marenčić, Dean

    2013-01-01

    Cilj rada bio je utvrditi utjecaj kastracije muške junadi holštajn pasmine na rezultate tova i odlike trupova na liniji klanja. Istraživanjem je utvrđeno da su kastrirana junad pri prosječnoj dobi od 420 dana imala značajno manju klaoničku masu, topli randman i kalo hlađenja (P

  8. Perspectives on perceived stigma and self-stigma in adult male patients with depression

    Latalova K; Kamaradova D; Prasko J

    2014-01-01

    Klara Latalova, Dana Kamaradova, Jan Prasko Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University Palacky Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic Abstract: There are two principal types of stigma in mental illness, ie, “public stigma” and “self-stigma”. Public stigma is the perception held by others that the mentally ill individual is socially undesirable. Stigmatized persons may internalize perceived prejudices and develop negative feeling...

  9. Novi commonwealthski model konstitucionalizma (Kanada, Australija i Indija)

    Bačić, Petar

    2010-01-01

    Na tradicionalno britansko načelo nepovredivosti parlamentarnog suvereniteta posebno je utjecala emancipacija zemalja Commonwealtha. Od 1931, kada se temeljem Westminsterskog akta imperijalni parlament odrekao unilateralnog obnašanja zakonodavne vlasti za dominione, do danas teorija parlamentarnog suvereniteta kao neograničene zakonodavne vlasti mijenjala se pod pritiskom političke realnosti. Taj je proces bio posebno naglašen između 1982. i 1998. godine, kada su Ujedinjeno ...

  10. Encimska sinteza laktatnih estrov v nekonvencionalnih topilih

    Kavčič, Sabina

    2014-01-01

    Laktatni estri, ki se pogosto uporabljajo v prehrambeni, farmacevtski in kozmetični industriji, so med najbolj pomembnimi derivati mlečne kisline. V današnjem času je velik poudarek na biorazgradljivosti produktov in uporabi okolju prijazne tehnologije, zato je potrebno temu primerno tudi izbrati topila za sintezo laktatnih estrov. Encimsko katalizirane reakcije lahko namesto v vodnem mediju izvajamo tudi v konvencionalnih organskih topilih ali v nekonvencionalnih topilih, kot so superkritičn...

  11. Reproductive behavior of intertidal hermit crabs (Decapoda, Anomura) in southeastern Brazil Comportamento reprodutivo de ermitões (Decapoda, Anomura) entremarés no sudeste brasileiro

    Alexander Turra

    2005-01-01

    The reproductive behavior of four intertidal hermit crab species [Clibanarius antillensis Stimpson, 1859, C. sclopetarius (Herbst, 1796), C. vittatus (Bosc, 1802), and Pagurus criniticornis (Dana, 1852)] was studied in São Sebastião Channel, southeastern Brazil. The overall behavior followed previous descriptions for Diogenid and Pagurid hermit crabs but some particular differences were recorded. Male to male agonistic encounters over females and guarding behavior were more common to C. sclop...

  12. Bevacizumab for the treatment of a complicated posterior melanocytoma

    Urrets-Zavalia JA; Crim N; Esposito E; Correa L.; Gonzalez-Castellanos ME; Martinez D.

    2015-01-01

    Julio A Urrets-Zavalia,* Nicolas Crim,* Evangelina Esposito, Leandro Correa, M Eugenia Gonzalez-Castellanos, Dana MartinezDepartment of Ophthalmology, University Clinic Reina Fabiola, Universidad Catolica de Cordoba, Cordoba, Argentina*These authors contributed equally to this workPurpose: To present a case of a complicated posterior melanocytoma that was successfully treated with intravitreal bevacizumab.Case report: A 50-year-old Caucasian man was referred with sudden-onset metamorphop...

  13. RODNI STEREOTIPI: OBJEKTIVIZACIJA ŽENSKOG LIKA U MEDIJIMA

    Lubina, Tihana; Brkić Klimpak, Ivana

    2014-01-01

    Suvremeni mediji danas, osobito televizija i internet, usko su povezani s proizvodnjom i utjelovljenjem kulturnih identiteta. Naime, svjesnom se uporabom i ponavljanjem stereotipa kod primatelja informacija na suptilnoj razini ustaljuju arhetipske osobitosti muškaraca i žena koje su već društveno konstruirane kategorijom roda. Jednom usvojeni, takvi rodni stereotipi bivaju izrazito otporni na promjene uslijed novih informacija, pretvarajući se u obrasce koji se uzimaju kao reprezentativan nač...

  14. Pulmonary arterial hypertension.

    Montani, David; Günther, Sven; Dorfmüller, Peter; Perros, Frédéric; Girerd, Barbara; Garcia, Gilles; Jaïs, Xavier; Savale, Laurent; Artaud-Macari, Elise; Price, Laura; Humbert, Marc; Simonneau, Gérald; Sitbon, Olivier

    2013-01-01

    Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a chronic and progressive disease leading to right heart failure and ultimately death if untreated. The first classification of PH was proposed in 1973. In 2008, the fourth World Symposium on PH held in Dana Point (California, USA) revised previous classifications. Currently, PH is devided into five subgroups. Group 1 includes patients suffering from idiopathic or familial PAH with or without germline mutations. Patients with a diagnosis of PAH should ...

  15. Are self-stigma, quality of life, and clinical data interrelated in schizophrenia spectrum patients? A cross-sectional outpatient study

    Holubova M; Prasko J; Latalova K; Ociskova M; Grambal A; Kamaradova D; Vrbova K; Hruby R

    2016-01-01

    Michaela Holubova, Jan Prasko, Klara Latalova, Marie Ociskova, Aleš Grambal, Dana Kamaradova, Kristyna Vrbova, Radovan Hruby Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, University Hospital Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic Background: Current research attention has been moving toward the needs of patients and their consequences for the quality of life (QoL). Self-stigma is a maladaptive psychosocial phenomenon disturbing the QoL in a substa...

  16. Are self-stigma, quality of life, and clinical data interrelated in schizophrenia spectrum patients? A cross-sectional outpatient study

    Holubova, Michaela

    2016-01-01

    Michaela Holubova, Jan Prasko, Klara Latalova, Marie Ociskova, Aleš Grambal, Dana Kamaradova, Kristyna Vrbova, Radovan Hruby Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacky University Olomouc, University Hospital Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic Background: Current research attention has been moving toward the needs of patients and their consequences for the quality of life (QoL). Self-stigma is a maladaptive psychosocial phenomenon disturbing the QoL in a su...

  17. Coping strategies and self-stigma in patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders

    Holubova M; Prasko J; Hruby R; Latalova K; Kamaradova D; Marackova M; Slepecky M; Gubova T

    2016-01-01

    Michaela Holubova,1,2 Jan Prasko,1 Radovan Hruby,3 Klara Latalova,1 Dana Kamaradova,1 Marketa Marackova,1 Milos Slepecky,4 Terezia Gubova2 1Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University Olomouc, University Hospital Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 2Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Liberec, Liberec, Czech Republic; 3Private Psychiatric Practice, Martin, Slovak Republic; 4Department of Psychology Sciences, Faculty of Social Science and Health Care, C...

  18. Coping strategies and self-stigma in patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders

    Prasko, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Michaela Holubova,1,2 Jan Prasko,1 Radovan Hruby,3 Klara Latalova,1 Dana Kamaradova,1 Marketa Marackova,1 Milos Slepecky,4 Terezia Gubova2 1Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University Olomouc, University Hospital Olomouc, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 2Department of Psychiatry, Hospital Liberec, Liberec, Czech Republic; 3Private Psychiatric Practice, Martin, Slovak Republic; 4Department of Psychology Sciences, Faculty of Social Science and Health Car...

  19. High Throughput Interrogation of Somatic Mutations in High Grade Serous Cancer of the Ovary

    Ursula A Matulonis; Michelle Hirsch; Emanuele Palescandolo; Eejung Kim; Joyce Liu; Paul Van Hummelen; Laura MacConaill; Ronny Drapkin; Hahn, William C.

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Epithelial ovarian cancer is the most lethal of all gynecologic malignancies, and high grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC) is the most common subtype of ovarian cancer. The objective of this study was to determine the frequency and types of point somatic mutations in HGSC using a mutation detection protocol called OncoMap that employs mass spectrometric-based genotyping technology. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The Center for Cancer Genome Discovery (CCGD) Program at the Dana-Far...

  20. Quality of life and parental styles assessed by adolescents suffering from inflammatory bowel diseases and their parents

    Jelenova D; Prasko J; Ociskova M; Latalova K; Karaskova E; Hruby R; Kamaradova D; Mihal V

    2016-01-01

    Daniela Jelenova,1 Jan Prasko,1 Marie Ociskova,1 Klara Latalova,1 Eva Karaskova,2 Radovan Hruby,3 Dana Kamaradova,1 Vladimir Mihal21Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University, University Hospital, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 3Private Practice, Martin, Slovak RepublicBackground: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) in adolescents are chronic medical conditions with a substantial influence on the quality of life (QoL) of the fami...

  1. Quality of life and parental styles assessed by adolescents suffering from inflammatory bowel diseases and their parents

    Prasko, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Daniela Jelenova,1 Jan Prasko,1 Marie Ociskova,1 Klara Latalova,1 Eva Karaskova,2 Radovan Hruby,3 Dana Kamaradova,1 Vladimir Mihal21Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University, University Hospital, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 3Private Practice, Martin, Slovak RepublicBackground: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) in adolescents are chronic medical conditions with a substantial influence on the quality of life (QoL) of the ...

  2. Rapid and quantitative detection of C-reactive protein using quantum dots and immunochromatographic test strips

    Ming, Chen

    2014-01-01

    Xianglin Cheng,1,* Xu Pu,2,* Pen Jun,3 XiaoBo Zhu,3 Di Zhu,4 Ming Chen1 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital of Yangtze University, Jingzhou, 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, RenMin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, 3Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Biology and Medicine (Ministry of Education), College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber...

  3. Rapid and quantitative detection of C-reactive protein using quantum dots and immunochromatographic test strips

    2014-01-01

    Xianglin Cheng,1,* Xu Pu,2,* Pen Jun,3 XiaoBo Zhu,3 Di Zhu,4 Ming Chen1 1Department of Laboratory Medicine, First Affiliated Hospital of Yangtze University, Jingzhou, 2Department of Laboratory Medicine, RenMin Hospital of Wuhan University, Wuhan, 3Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Biology and Medicine (Ministry of Education), College of Chemistry and Molecular Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Can...

  4. Protein and Lipid Concentrations in Patients with Differentiated Thyroid Cancer Treated with Radioactive Iodine-131 / Koncentracija Proteina I Lipida Kod Pacijenata Sa Diferentovanim Karcinomom Štitaste Žlezde Koji Su Lečeni Radioaktivnim Jodom-131

    Mihaljevic Olgica

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Prolazna, manifestna hipotireoza koja se javlja kod pacijenata sa diferentovanim karcinomom štitaste žlezde (DTC pre terapije radioaktivnim jodom (131-I može biti udružena sa brojnim metaboličkim promenama, uključujući i promene u metabolizmu proteina i lipida. Koncentracija proteina i njihov odnos sa lipidima u serumu pacijenata sa DTC nakon terapije 131-I nedovoljno su ispitani. Cilj našeg istraživanja bio je da se ispita serumska koncentracija proteina i lipida kod pacijenata sa DTC pre, kao i tri i sedam dana posle terapije 131-I. Studijom je obuhvaćeno 24 DTC pacijenata i 20 zdravih ispitanika. Pokazano je značajno, progresivno smanjenje koncentracije proteina (78.71±6.71 g/L vs. 87.16±6.04 g/L; p=0.003 i holesterola (8.12±2.13 mmol/L vs. 8.84±2.09 mmol/L; p=0.001 tri dana nakon terapije 131-I, uz statistički značajno povećanje koncentracije triglicerida tri dana nakon terapije (2.44±1.07 mmol/L vs. 2.26±1.08 mmol/L; p=0.041 i povratkom na preterapijske vrednosti 7 dana posle terapije. Pri tom, indirektna korelacija između koncentracije proteina i triglicerida tri dana posle 131-I pokazana je u grupi pacijenata starijih od 50 godina (Spearman r=- 0.583, p=0.048, što nije bio slučaj sa ispitanicima mlađim od 50 godina (Pearson r=- 0.277, p=0.384. U zaključku, terapija radioaktivnim jodom prouzrokuje smanjenje koncentracije serumskih proteina i holesterola, koje je udruženo sa povećanjem koncentracije triglicerida i posebno je izraženo kod starijih pacijenata sa metastazama.

  5. Flypaper Effect pada Kinerja Keuangan Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jambi

    Amril Amril

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis fenomena flypaper effect pada kinerja keuangan kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Untuk tujuan tersebut dikembangkan dua model regresi data panel yang memperlihatkan keterkaitan antara perilaku belanja pemerintah daerah dengan penerimaan daerah. Hasil penelitian menemukan bahwa: 1 Dana bagi hasil (DBH, dana alokasi (DA, lag belanja operasional (Boit_1 dan dummy otonomi (DO berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap belanja operasional kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Dimana hasil menunjukkan pengaruh DA terhadap belanja operasional lebih besar dibandingkan dari DBH terhadap belanja operasional, yang artinya terjadi flypaper effect pada kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi; 2 Dana bagi hasil (DBH, dana alokasi (DA, pendapatan perkapita (Y dan dummy otonomi (DO berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap belanja modal kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi. Dimana hasil menunjukkan pengaruh DA terhadap belanja modal lebih kecil dibandingkan dari DBH terhadap belanja modal, yang artinya terjadi flypaper effect pada kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jambi dimana DA cenderung digunakan untuk membiayai belanja operasional. Kata kunci : Dana Perimbangan, Belanja Modal, Belanja Operasional.     Abstract This study aims to analyze the phenomenon of flypaper on the financial performance of the district / city in the province of Jambi. For this purpose developed two panel data regression model showing the relationship between the behavior of local government expenditure by the regional income. The research found that: 1 Revenue-sharing (DBH, allocation funds (DA, lag operational expenditure (Boit_1 and dummy autonomy (DO significantly affect the operational expenditure district / city in the province of Jambi. The effect of DA on operating expenditure is greater than from DBH to operational expenditure, which means there flypaper in the district / city in the province of Jambi; 2 Revenue-sharing (DBH, funds allocation (DA, per

  6. Zooplankton diversity and the predatory impact by larval and small juvenile fish at the Fisher Banks in the North Sea

    Nielsen, Torkel Gissel; Munk, Peter

    1998-01-01

    The biomass and diversity of the mesozooplankton and fish larvae community were investigated across a frontal zone in the central North Sea in the early summer, to investigate whether larval fish predation is a regulator of mesozooplankton production. Pronounced changes in the mesozooplankton...... community were observed across the front off the Jutlandic coast. The biomass and the diversity of copepods changed across the front as the population of Calanus finmarchicus became abundant in the deeper water. The crustaceans (Acartia spp. and Evadne spp.) and polychaete larvae dominated the...... and cod (Gadus morhua) was the dominant larval fish species on the deeper stations. The present investigation demonstrates two different trophic pathways related to hydrography in the central North Sea. First, in the shallow coastal water, the abundant small neritic copepods are predominately predated...

  7. Studies on Copepods from Chennai Coast (Cooum and Adyar, Bay of Bengal - During the Cruise

    M. Shanthi

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Copepods were collected at six stations from Chennai coast (Cooum and Adyar Bay of Bengal during 2006. 35 copepod species were identified, out of these 31 species belong to Calanoids, 4 Cyclopoids were recorded in this study. Among Calanoida Family Temoridae (Temora discaudata, Temora tubinata and Temora stylifera and Pseudodiaptomidae (Pseudodiaptomus serricaudatus were recorded abundant in the middle and offshore stations and low in the near shore stations. Family Acartiidae (Acartia spinicauda was abundant in the near shore station. The Shannon - Weiner diversity index (H’ showed the occurrence of copepods were low at near shore stations C1 and A1. The low occurrence of copepods in the near shore stations compared to that of offshore stations may be due to the inflow of effluents, sewage and domestic waste discharged from the Cooum and Adyar River.

  8. Impact of improved bottom hypoxia on zooplankton community in shallow eutrophic lake

    Chang Kwang-Hyeon

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available We followed changes in the abundance of meso- and microzooplankton after an existing bottom hypoxia improved by the introduction of water with high oxygen content into the bottom. Mesozooplankton, calanoid copepod Acartia hudsonica showed ten times higher abundance under high oxygen condition at the bottom than under control where there was less oxygen at the bottom. On the other hand, during summer when microzooplankton such as rotifers and small cyclopoid species Oithona spp. were dominant, no difference in their distribution pattern and abundance was observed. Results have suggested that oxygen concentration at the bottom is one important factor determining the abundance and distribution of mesozooplankton even in local-scale probably by providing bottom refuge, but not for microzoooplankton. Since spring season is important for recruitment of many commercial fish juveniles, the distribution of oxygen in the lake seems very important for the fish stock in the lake.

  9. Does predation control adult sex ratios and longevities in marine pelagic copepods?

    Hirst, A.G.; Bonnet, D.; Conway, D.V.P.;

    2010-01-01

    We assess the causes of adult sex ratio skew in marine pelagic copepods by examining changes in these ratios between the juveniles and adults, sexual differences in juvenile stage durations, and mortality rates of adults in the field and laboratory (when free from predators). In the field, late...... copepodite stages (CIV and CV) commonly have sex ratios that are either not significantly different from equity (1 : 1), or slightly male biased. By contrast, in adults, these ratios are commonly significantly biased toward female dominance. Sex ratio skews are therefore primarily attributable to processes......, Oithona, and Pseudocalanus, we estimate that predation mortality contributed $ 69% of the field mortality rate in adult males, whereas in Acartia, Oithona, and Calanus adult females, this is $ 36%.We conclude that (1) adult sex ratio skew in pelagic copepods is primarily due to differential mortality of...

  10. Electricity saving possibilities in household and office appliances including lighting; Kotitalouksien ja toimistotilojen laitesaehkoen kaeytoen tehostaminen

    Korhonen, A.; Sillanpaeae, L. [Work Efficiency Inst., Helsinki (Finland); Pihala, H.; Ranne, A.; Ahponwn, V. [VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo (Finland)

    2002-07-01

    , indirect decrease energy consumption of ventilation, but on the other hand, increase the need of non-electric space heating energy. Calculations by Reduce-model showed, that CO{sub 2} emissions from household electricity obviously will not - by 2010 - lower into the level before 2000, which was 1,6 million tons/a. In offices, CO2 emissions of the appliances including lighting will stay (in the BAU scenario) at 0,3 million tons/a in 2010, which is nearly the same level as in the year 2000. (orig.)

  11. Integrated Taxonomy and DNA Barcoding of Alpine Midges (Diptera: Chironomidae).

    Montagna, Matteo; Mereghetti, Valeria; Lencioni, Valeria; Rossaro, Bruno

    2016-01-01

    Rapid and efficient DNA-based tools are recommended for the evaluation of the insect biodiversity of high-altitude streams. In the present study, focused principally on larvae of the genus Diamesa Meigen 1835 (Diptera: Chironomidae), the congruence between morphological/molecular delimitation of species as well as performances in taxonomic assignments were evaluated. A fragment of the mitochondrial cox1 gene was obtained from 112 larvae, pupae and adults (Diamesinae, Orthocladiinae and Tanypodinae) that were collected in different mountain regions of the Alps and Apennines. On the basis of morphological characters 102 specimens were attributed to 16 species, and the remaining ten specimens were identified to the genus level. Molecular species delimitation was performed using: i) distance-based Automatic Barcode Gap Discovery (ABGD), with no a priori assumptions on species identification; and ii) coalescent tree-based approaches as the Generalized Mixed Yule Coalescent model, its Bayesian implementation and Bayesian Poisson Tree Processes. The ABGD analysis, estimating an optimal intra/interspecific nucleotide distance threshold of 0.7%-1.4%, identified 23 putative species; the tree-based approaches, identified between 25-26 entities, provided nearly identical results. All species belonging to zernyi, steinboecki, latitarsis, bertrami, dampfi and incallida groups, as well as outgroup species, are recovered as separate entities, perfectly matching the identified morphospecies. In contrast, within the cinerella group, cases of discrepancy arose: i) the two morphologically separate species D. cinerella and D. tonsa are neither monophyletic nor diagnosable exhibiting low values of between-taxa nucleotide mean divergence (0.94%); ii) few cases of larvae morphological misidentification were observed. Head capsule color is confirmed to be a valid character able to discriminate larvae of D. zernyi, D. tonsa and D. cinerella, but it is here better defined as a color gradient

  12. Genesis of Typhoon Nari (2001) from a mesoscale convective system

    Zhang, Da-Lin; Tian, Liqing; Yang, Ming-Jen

    2011-12-01

    In this study, the origin and genesis of Typhoon Nari (2001) as well as its erratic looping track, are examined using large-scale analysis, satellite observations, and a 4 day nested, cloud-resolving simulation with the finest grid size of 1.33 km. Observational analysis reveals that Nari could be traced 5 days back to a diurnally varying mesoscale convective system with growing cyclonic vorticity and relative humidity in the lower troposphere and that it evolved from a mesoscale convective vortex (MCV) as moving over a warm ocean under the influence of a subtropical high, a weak westerly baroclinic disturbance, an approaching-and-departing Typhoon Danas to the east, and the Kuroshio Current. Results show that the model reproduces the genesis, final intensity, looping track, and the general convective activity of Nari during the 4 day period. It also captures two deep subvortices at the eye-eyewall interface that are similar to those previously observed, a few spiral rainbands, and a midget storm size associated with Nari's relatively dry and stable environment. We find that (1) continuous convective overturning within the MCV stretches the low-level vorticity and moistens a deep mesoscale column that are both favorable for genesis; (2) Nari's genesis does not occur until after the passage of the baroclinic disturbance; (3) convective asymmetry induces a smaller-sized vortex circulation from the preexisting MCV; (4) the vortex-vortex interaction with Danas leads to Nari's looping track and temporal weakening; and (5) midlevel convergence associated with the subtropical high and Danas accounts for the generation of a nearly upright eyewall.

  13. PERANCANGAN FLOATING DOCK UNTUK DAERAH PERAIRAN PELABUHAN KOTA TEGAL

    Kiryanto Kiryanto

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Floating dock merupakan bangunan air sebagai tempat reparasi kapal yang dinilai cukup efisien dalam pembangunannya karena tidak membutuhkan dana yang terlalu mahal. Di sektor indusrti perkapalan kota tegal sudah memiliki galangan dan dock reparasi kapal yang cukup berkembang.  Ide perancangan floating dock ini dirancang sebagai alternatif baru pelayanan reparasi kapal. Perancangan floating dock ini juga memperhatikan dengan detail kapasitas kapal – kapal yang pernah melakukan repararasi di sekitar galangan di Kota Tegal agar ditemukan ukuran utama floating dock yang tepat. Dari Kapasitas kapal yang ada dan berdasarkan metode perbandingan ukuran beberapa floating dock, maka ditemukan ukuran utama yang tepat untuk menampung kebutuhan pelayanan reparasi kapal yaitu LOA = 136,37 m, Lpt = 114.80 m, Bmax = 36,40 m, Bmd: 30,80 m, Tmin = 0,86 m, Tmax = 1,58 m, Hpt = 2,10 m, HOA = 9,60 m. Berdasarkan perhitungan ditemukan juga Ton Lifting Capacity (TLC sebesar 3000 ton. Perancangan menggunakan software perkapalan yaitu dengan menggunakan AutoCad, Delftship, Maxsurf dan Hidromax. Dengan analisa stabilitas menggunakan software Hidromax diketahui bahwa floating dock ini mampu memiliki stabilitas yang baik dengan 4 kondisi yang semua memenuhi criteria  International Maritime Organisation (IMO. Perancangan floating dock ini juga menghitung analisa ekonomis dan investasi. Dari rekapitulasi dana investasi pembangunan floating dock yaitu sebesar Rp.136.622.888.000,00 dengan nilai kembali atau break even point selama 10 tahun dengan modal sendiri, 14 tahun dengan 50% modal sendiri dan 50 % pinjaman bank, dan break event point 18 tahun untuk dana pembangunan floating dock yang berasal dari 100 % pinjaman bank

  14. Multi-species generalist predation on the stochastic harvested clam Tivela mactroides (Mollusca, Bivalvia)

    Turra, Alexander; Fernandez, Wellington S.; Bessa, Eduardo; Santos, Flavia B.; Denadai, Márcia R.

    2015-12-01

    Top-down control is an important force modulating the abundance of prey and structuring marine communities. The harvested trigonal clam Tivela mactroides is hypothesized to be part of the diet of a variety of marine organisms, with its stock influencing predator abundance and being influenced by them. Here we analyzed the diet of potential predators of T. mactroides in Caraguatatuba Bay, northern coast of São Paulo State, Brazil, to identify the main consumers of this marine resource, and also to address the importance of this clam in the diet of each predator. Samples were taken year-round by trawls; all specimens collected were identified and measured and the food items identified and quantified. Twenty-one species consumed T. mactroides, whose importance in the diet varied greatly in both the volume ingested and the frequency of occurrence (pompano Trachinotus carolinus > blue crab Callinectes danae > starfish Astropecten marginatus). Top-down influence on T. mactroides was also dependent on the abundance of consumers (yellow catfish Cathorops spixii > rake stardrum Stellifer rastrifer > barred grunt Conodon nobilis > A. marginatus). Considering the mean volume ingested, the frequency of occurrence of T. mactroides in the diet, and the relative abundance of consumers, the predators that most influenced T. mactroides were T. carolinus, A. marginatus, and C. danae, in decreasing order. Large numbers of small-sized individuals of T. mactroides (<10 mm) were generally preyed upon by A. marginatus, which may have a stronger effect on clam abundance in comparison to C. danae and T. carolinus, which preyed upon larger clams. In conclusion, the results of this study indicate that predators' consumption of T. mactroides in Caraguatatuba Bay can influence its stocks, mainly due to the type and/or abundance of predator species, the volume and number of individuals of T. mactroides preyed upon, and the temporal variations in the abundance of predators.

  15. Organiziranost sistema javnega alarmiranja in klic v sili 112 : diplomsko delo visokošolskega strokovnega študija Varstvoslovje

    Brlan, Erik

    2013-01-01

    Naravne in druge nesreče so eden iz med glavnih vzrokov za grožnjo varnosti v družbi, vanjo vnesejo razpad nekaterih vrednot, na katere se družba zanaša v svojem obstoju, s čimer se različni sistemi kriznega upravljanja in vodenja spopadejo z različno stopnjo pripravljenosti in organiziranosti. Varnostni problemi današnjega časa se neusmiljeno širijo in vse bolj poudarjamo nevojaške, med katere zagotovo pripisujemo v prvi vrsti onesnaževanje okolja, posledice pa so nagla nihanja v spreminjanj...

  16. Anthelmintička učinkovitost nepročišćenog metanolskog iscrpka biljke Xylopia aethiopica protiv oblića Nippostrongylus brasiliensis u štakora

    Suleiman, Mohammed Musa; Mamman, Mohammed; Aliu, Yusuf Otaru; Ajanusi, Joseph Ologunja

    2005-01-01

    Travari i stočari u Nigeriji tradicionalno koriste biljku Xylopia aethiopica protiv želučano crijevnih helminata. Anthelmintički učinak nepročišćenog metanolskog iscrpka istražen je na pokusno invadiranim štakorima oblićem Nippostrongylus brasiliensis. Ukupno 35 štakora podijeljeno je u sedam skupina. Svi štakori supkutano su invadirani s 200 invazijskih ličinki trećeg stupnja. Pet dana nakon invazije, štakorima iz svih šest skupina apliciran je iscrpak u različitim dozama. Štakorima sedme sk...

  17. UČINCI KAVEZNIH UZGAJALIŠTA RIBA DUŽ ISTOČNE OBALE JADRANA NA MORSKI OKOLIŠ

    Katavić, I.

    2003-01-01

    Marikultura u Hrvatskoj mogla bi imati još veću ulogu u razvoju ruralnih priobalnih zajednica od one koju ima danas. No, povećanje proizvodnje ribe u kavezima prati zabrinutost javnosti za ekološka pitanja, što upućuje na potrebu odgovornijega pristupa razvoju i upravljanju ovim sektorom. Ujedno je to prigoda i izazov za učinkovito integriranje marikulture u gospodarenje obalnim prostorom s podjednakim pravima i obvezama. Navedeno prije svega zbog njezine socijalne i ekonomske misije koja se ...

  18. Funkcionalna dijagnostika astme

    Plavec, Davor; Turkalj, Mirjana; Erceg, Damir

    2011-01-01

    Od astme u svijetu danas boluje oko 235 milijuna ljudi uz i dalje znatan porast pojavnosti te značajne međuregionalne razlike u učestalosti (2-35%). Osnovni patofiziološki mehanizam jest upala dišnih putova, a povremena i varijabilna opstrukcija dišnih putova te bronhalna hiperreaktivnost njezine su izravne i mjerljive manifestacije. Dijagnoza se postavlja klinički, ali se temeljem podležećih patofizioloških procesa dopunjuje funkcionalnom dijagnostikom. Dijagnostiku treba započeti spirometri...

  19. FENOTIPOVI ASTME I POREMEĆAJ HOMEOSTAZE IMUNOLOŠKOG SUSTAVA

    STIPIĆ MARKOVIĆ, ASJA

    2011-01-01

    Danas razumijemo mnoge regulatorne putove u signalizaciji koja se odvija prije i poslije sinteze IgE i poznajemo učinke mnogobrojnih medijatora u alergijskog kaskadi, ali astma ipak i dalje ostaje klinički i znanstveni problem. Suvremena civilizacija zbunjuje imunološki sustav pa nastaje kompleksna interakcija između epigenetske regulacije, varijabilnih vanjskih čimbenika i različitih kombinacija parova utjecaja: gena, antigena i razdoblja života. Stoga će biti potrebno odgovoriti na pitanje ...

  20. Fenomenologija i moralna prosudba homoseksualnosti

    Tomašević, Luka

    2003-01-01

    U ovom radu autor analizira fenomen homoseksualnosti, pokušava odrediti njezin pojam i vrste te pronaći uzroke, ukazuje na njezino povijesno postojanje u raznim društvima, na današnje agresivno širenje homoseksualnosti kao opravdanog stava i donosi moralnu prosudbu Katoličke crkve. Naglasivši najprije osnovne istine o spolnosti i spolnom identitetu, u prvom dijelu se ispituje fenomenologija homoseksualnosti i pokušava joj se dati odrednica. Potom se utvrđuje njezina opsto...

  1. VPLIV TEHNOLOŠKIH SPREMEMB NA TRG DELA

    Dizdarević, Denis

    2016-01-01

    Tehnološka nezaposlenost, pojav ki je aktualen že desetletja, v današnjem času dosega nove razsežnosti. Vse več razprav je o tem, ali je tehnologija glavni krivec za naraščujoč trend stopnje nezaposlenosti po vsem svetu. Obstaja možnost, da bo tehnologija nadomestila večino delovnih mest, pa tudi bolj optimistična pot, da bo tehnologija ustvarila tudi zadostno količino delovnih mest. V magistrskem delu smo v teoretičnih izhodiščih predstavili trg dela ter tehnologijo in z njimi tesno povezane...

  2. Rezultati istraživanja provenijencija zelene duglazije u ekološki različitim područjima kontinentalne Hrvatske

    Perić, Sanja; Tijardović, Martina; Jazbec, Anamarija

    2011-01-01

    Osnivanje šumskih kultura u Hrvatskoj započelo je sedamdesetih godina 20. stoljeća. Otada je udio šumskih kultura u šumskom fondu Hrva t ske varirao tijekom godina, a danas iznosi oko 3 %. Nove znanstvene spozna je ukazuju na postojanje opravdanih razloga daljnjeg te povećanog os nivanja šumskih kultura u Hrvatskoj (posebice spontano povećanje prikladnih površina za njihovo osnivanje). U ovome radu prikazani su rezultati istraži vanja provedenog u okvirima projekta “Gospodarenje kulturama če ...

  3. Analiza kriterija za odlučivanje o upisu na Veleučilište “Nikola Tesla” u Gospiću

    Devčić, Kristina; Tonković Pražić, Ivana

    2013-01-01

    Institucije u hrvatskom sustavu visokog obrazovanja, kao i u ostatku svijeta, danas moraju djelovati u turbulentnoj okolini. Hrvatska veleučilišta stoga moraju poznavati i razumjeti promjene u svojoj okolini kako bi na njih ispravno reagirala. Veleučilište “Nikola Tesla” u Gospiću jedno je od veleučilišta koje se suočava sa sve većom konkurencijom, no i problemom smanjenja broja upisanih studenata. Pri rješavanju ovih problema potrebno je primijeniti marketinške metode i tehnike za razumijeva...

  4. Lički jezikoslovci kao dio hrvatskoga kulturnoga identiteta

    Brlić, Ivan

    2011-01-01

    Po jeziku narodi gospoduju, a kad im ga oduzmu – sluguju. Fran Kurelac Hrvatska regija Lika danas je zbog prirodnih resursa prepoznata u prvom redu kao turističko odredište, dok se njezinim kulturnim i povijesnim obilježjima posvećuje nedovoljno pozornosti i stavlja ih se na marginu svakodnevnih događaja. Kada se govori o kulturnim i znanstvenim aspektima toga kraja, prva su asocijacija Nikola Tesla, Ante Starčević, grad Senj te prva hrvatska tiskara, a gotovo se i ne zna da iz Li...

  5. Sigurnost okoliša - između aktivizma i sekuritizacije

    Malnar, Dario; Matošić, Vedran

    2015-01-01

    Nakon završetka Hladnog rata pristupi proučavanju i definiranju pojma sigurnosti počinju se ubrzano mijenjati. Među teoretičarima prevladava mišljenje kako danas govorimo o sigurnosti kao dinamičnom društvenom procesu, pa su i prijetnje sigurnosti raznovrsne, ne više nužno određene isključivo vojnom prijetnjom državnoj suverenosti. Definiranje sigurnosne prijetnje ovisi o vremenu i prostoru, a jedan od najznačajnijih doprinosa suvremenom proučavanju fenomena sigurnosti pripada ...

  6. Upravljanje vojaške oskrbovalne verige

    Zamolo, Katja

    2015-01-01

    Vojaška oskrbovalna veriga v današnjih časih stremi k izboljšanju učinkovitosti in kakovosti podpore svojim vojakom tako v mirnodobnem okolju kot v operacijah kriznega delovanja. Vse to poskušajo zagotoviti z čim nižjimi stroški, zato znanja črpajo iz civilne sfere, ki so gonilo razvoja konceptov učinkovite oskrbovalne verige. Vzdolž oskrbovalne verige mora vojaška logistika poskrbeti predvsem za pretok materiala in informacij ob upoštevanju razmer v okolju oskrbovalne verige. Vojaška oskrbov...

  7. SIMBOLIČKA KONSTRUKCIJA MONSTRUOZNOG – PRIČA O ELIZABETH BATHORY

    Kürti, László

    2009-01-01

    Rad analizira nekoliko vrsta čudovišta u današnjoj zapadnjačkoj popularnoj kulturi: vukodlake, vampire, morlake, krvavu groficu i ostala stvorenja podzemnoga svijeta. Rabeći pojam monstruoznog rad se bavi temeljnim zabludama etnocentrizma – prevladavajućim nakupinama zapadnjačke superiornosti u kojima alegorije zadovoljavaju znatiželju i maštu građanstva koje je navodno iznad toga, no zapravo nije. Monstruozno postaje uporabni predmet u zapadnjačkoj popularnoj kulturnoj produkciji, a ako uzme...

  8. Slika Bogorodice s Djetetom u The Courtauld Institute of Art u Londonu - prijedlog za Petra Jordanića

    Hilje, Emil

    2014-01-01

    Slika Bogorodice s Djetetom potpisana kao "OPVUS P. PETRI" iz nekadašnje zbirke Fareham (danas u The Courtauld Instistute of Art) odavno je poznata stručnoj javnosti, ali analizirana tek marginalno, pri čemu su se i pokušaji atribucije vezivali uz slikare koji su zadovoljavali relativno problematične kriterije - da se zovu Petar i da ih je moguće dovesti u vezu sa slikarstvom Squarcioneova kruga ili konkretnije Carla Crivellija, s čijim radovima iz ranije faze stvaralaštva, posebice sa slikom...

  9. SINTEZA IN KARAKTERIZACIJA NANODELCEV CdS IN CdSe S SONOKEMIJSKO METODO V VODNEM MEDIJU

    Danč, Valerija

    2010-01-01

    Sonokemija je področje kemije, kjer na potek kemijskih reakcij odločilno vpliva zvočna energija v obliki ultrazvoka. Ultrazvok in z njimi povezani pojavi so že znani več kot sto let, njegova uporaba v kemiji pa dosega razcvet v današnjem času. Naše raziskave so temeljile na sintezah nanodelcev kadmijevih sulfidov (CdS) in kadmijevih selenidov (CdSe) s sonokemijsko metodo. Ta metoda se je pri sintezah pokazala kot zelo uporabna, saj so končni produkti nanokristalinični materiali. Namen ra...

  10. Mediji i nasilje: aktualno stanje u znanosti

    Kunczik, Michael; Zipfel, Astrid

    2007-01-01

    I danas istraživanje teme o medijima i nasilju pokazuje mnoge nedostatnosti. Primjerice, mnoge studije još uvijek istražuju iste tematske aspekte istim metodama, uz samo neznatne modifi kacije. Napredak u spoznaji istraživanja također je slab. Te studije sve više razvijaju posebno postavljena pitanja i analiziraju ih pomoću složenih načina istraživanja, čiji su nalazi jedva pogodni za interpretaciju. Osim toga, premalo se postojeća ispitivanja nadograđuju jedno na drugo, tak...

  11. Kvalitet u transportu robe i pošiljki / Quality of products and forwarded goods transport

    Slavica Cvetković

    2009-01-01

    Danas je kvalitet dominantan kriterijum pri izboru isporučioca, a novi koncept kvaliteta smatra se superiornim metodom za reformu menadžmenta. Za razliku od tradicionalnog pristupa, novi koncept kvaliteta obezbeđuje povećanje prodaje uz istovremeno sniženje ukupnih troškova poslovanja. Obezbeđenje kvaliteta u skladu sa međunarodnim standardima serije ISO 9000 predstavlja uslov za nastup na svetskom tržištu i saradnju sa inostranim preduzećima. / When choosing a supplier today, a dominant crit...

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    Forštnarič, Irena

    2013-01-01

    Organizacije se v današnjem času vedno bolj zavedajo, da so njihove stranke ključ do uspeha. Poleg pridobivanja novih strank pa morajo organizacije zagotavljati tudi visoko zadovoljstvo obstoječih. Za doseganje teh ciljev pa potrebujejo rešitev za upravljanje odnosov s strankami, s katero lahko izkoristijo obstoječe naložbe v infrastrukturo in znanje zaposlenih, ki hkrati omogoča hitro in učinkovito doseganje ciljev. Microsoft Dynamics CRM je celovita rešitev za upravljanje odnosov s stran...

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    Nazifi, Saeed; Saeb, Mahdi; Abangah, Edris; Karimi, Tahereh

    2008-01-01

    Istražen je odnos selena, bakra, cinka i mangana prema trijodtironinu (T3), tiroksinu (T4), slobodnom trijodtironinu (sT3) i slobodnom tiroksinu (sT4). Uzorci krvi bili su prikupljeni od 56 klinički zdravih, negravidnih ovaca u tri navrata tijekom 45 dana. Serumski T4, T3, sT4 i sT3 bili su određeni postupkom RIA, a selen, bakar, cink i mangan atomskim apsorpcijskim spektrofotometrom. Usporedba vrijednosti elemenata u tragovima i tiroidnih hormona kod tri uzorkovanja pokazala je da nije bilo ...

  14. Prilog povijesti đakovačkog Sjemeništa prema izvorima iz arhiva bečke nuncijature

    Mrkonjić, Tomislav

    2006-01-01

    Položaj i ime Bosanske, odnosno Đakovačke i srijemske biskupije, indikativni su i za povijest njezina sjemeništa, odnosno odgoja svećeničkog podmlatka. U svojoj monografiji Biskupijsko sjemenište u Djakovu, Đakovo 1911., Matija Pavić iscrpno je, koristeći lokalne povijesne izvore, osvijetlio pojedina razdoblja; pisac ovog članka donosi kao ilustraciju pojedinih razdoblja nekoliko novih podataka i neobjavljenih dokumenata iz arhiva bečkog nuncija, danas u Vatikanskom tajnom arhivu. U dva pi...

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    Đapić, Tomislav; Crnogaća, Krešimir; Gusić, Nadomir

    2014-01-01

    Uzročnici, epidemiologija, dijagnostika pa i liječenje septičkog artritisa i osteomijelitisa u djece su se posljednjih godina promijenili. Najčešći uzročnik ostaju bakterije i to i dalje Staphyloccocus aureus dok je Haemophilus influenzae nakon uvođenja obaveznog cjepiva gotovo nestao. Standardno liječenje je i dalje empirijska antibiotska terapija u kombinaciji s kirurškim zahvatima. Nove sheme antibiotskog liječenja predviđaju samo nekoliko dana parenteralne primjene nakon čega slijedi pero...

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    Dobrota, Snježana; Tomaš, Suzana

    2009-01-01

    Već od najranije dobi današnja djeca su pod utjecajem različitih proizvoda informacijske i komunikacijske tehnologije. Jedan od tih proizvoda su i sustavi e-učenja s kojima dijete provodi određeno vrijeme igrajući igre, pretražujući internet stranice ili, pak, učeći pomoću obrazovnih programa. U ovome je radu pažnja usmjerena prema računalnim igrama. Detaljno je prikazan sadržaj glazbene igre Orašar. Riječ je vrijednoj glazbenoj igri koja ima veliki potencijal za razvoj glazben...

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    Šibila, Nina

    2010-01-01

    Diplomska naloga predstavlja pravni in etični vidik evtanazije ter kratek pregled stališč v današnjem času in skozi zgodovino. Sama beseda evtanazija je grškega izvora in v dobesednem prevodu pomeni lahko oziroma dobro smrt (eu - dobro, thanatos - smrt). V resnici gre za olajšanje trpljenja ali smrtnega boja umirajočega ali neozdravljivo bolnega na tak način, da umirajoči oziroma neozdravljivo bolni umre. To olajšanje trpljenja ali smrtnega boja je mogoče doseči tako, da bodisi nekaj stori...

  18. PEDAGOŠKI PRISTOP MARIE MONTESSORI: PRIMERJALNA ANALIZA UČNEGA KONTEKSTA V SLOVENSKIH ŠOLAH

    Orel, Erika

    2010-01-01

    V ospredju diplomske naloge z naslovom Pedagoški pristop Marie Montessori: Primerjalna analiza učnega konteksta v slovenskih šolah so pogledi na izobraževanje, ki jih je zasnovala doktorica Maria Montessori ob začetku revolucije izobraževanja. Cilj empiričnega dela je bil ugotoviti, ali so se zamisli Marie Montessori o novi podobi šole uveljavile tudi v današnjih javnih šolah in ne samo v osnovnih šolah Marie Montessori. Okolje, v našem primeru učilnica, postaja vedno bolj prilagojeno starost...

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    Drs. Tri Djoko Wahono

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Di lingkungan Depkes sendiri hal ini terlihat jelas. Koordinasi dan komunikasi antara Badan Litbangkes dengan unit pelaksana program Depkes dirasa kurang. Jangankan untuk melakukan pembinaan, untuk melakukan inventarisasi kegiatan litbang apa saja yang dilakukan di lingkungan Depkes saja Badan Litbangkes sudah tidak mampu. Belum lagi berbicara koordinasi dan komunikasi dengan lembaga litbang di luar Depkes.Akibatnya adalah banyaknya duplikasi kegiatan litbangkes yang berarti pula pemborosan   dana   dan   sumber   daya   lain. Banyak  kegiatan litbangkes yang tidak  dapat dimanfaatkan oleh pihak Depkes karena memang tidak mengacu ke sana.

  20. Interkulturalizam u odgoju i obrazovanju: Drugi kao polazište

    Ninčević, Marino

    2009-01-01

    Autor promišlja današnje zajedničke odrednice u znanosti o odgoju koje proizlaze iz nove pedagoške paradigme: drugi ljudi kao polazište, a najznačajnije su: nova filozofija obrazovanja i interkulturalni odgoj i obrazovanje u multikulturalnom i pluralnom društvu u novom europskom kontekstu u kojemu se nalazi i Hrvatska. Većina ljudi drugi su ljudi. Samo osoba koja ima izgrađen vlastiti stav i identitet može razumjeti drugoga i različitoga i utirati put istinskoj toleranciji i suživotu. Ško...