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Sample records for abu dhabi

  1. Abu Dhabi: prudence in the future

    Abu Dhabi is the largest oil producer of the 7 United Arab Emirates. The government is strictly controlling the production rate and has lowered it by 110,000 bpd to 740,000 bpd. Even further cuts have been ordered recently. Reserves are estimated at 50 times present production rate, but may be overestimated. Efforts are being made in the areas of offshore exploration and secondary recovery. There is only one refinery, and even domestic needs require refinery expansion. A new refinery of 120,000 bpd capacity is under construction at Ruweis. Most of the production is exported to Japan, followed by the US, France, the Netherlands and Dutch Indies. The most interesting field is Zakum, the full development of which may cost $4 billion.

  2. Documentation and Monitoring of Built Heritage in Abu Dhabi, Uae

    Muhammad, S.

    2013-07-01

    The ancient oasis-city of Al Ain in Abu Dhabi Emirate still retains the most important and outstanding cultural heritage of United Arab Emirates (UAE). The larger area of Abu Dhabi Emirate comprised of archaeological sites, cultural landscapes and historic buildings dating back to 3rd millennium to the recent pre-oil era. Traditional materials like stone, earth and palm wood were used in combination with local construction methods. For the last seven years the newly formed Abu Dhabi Tourism & Culture Authority (TCA Abu Dhabi)1 has been actively involved in conservation of built heritage in Abu Dhabi Emirate with the help of its Conservation Section. Documentation prior to any conservation and restoration works is considered as a basic pre-requisite for understanding an historic building or site. It is a process which continues during the conservation of any monument and is the only accurate tool for recording information in order to understand the structure, ultimately leading to the management of cultural heritage. Application and use of tools, ranging from basic manual techniques to 3D laser scanning, based on the best practices and international guidelines the exercise will help in establishing a documentation lab with standard procedures, specifications and tools for the documentation and monitoring the built heritage of Abu Dhabi Emirate. This paper will discuss a range of case studies and will demonstrate how documentation and monitoring of the built heritage has augmented the various conservation initiatives on a variety of building types.

  3. UAE-Abu Dhabi: World Oil Report 1991

    This paper reports that production expansion projects remain the focus in Abu Dhabi, with increased drilling operations underway both on and offshore. Only Abu Dhabi Co. for Onshore Operations (Adco) and Abu Dhabi Marine Operating Co. (Adma-Opco) provide any information about activity in the Emirate. Plans call for boosting productive capacity by 1 million bpd to near 3 million bpd. Present sustainable capacity is estimated at 1.8 million bpd by the CIA. This rate has been exceeded recently (it reached over 2 million bpd) to take advantage of higher prices in late 1990 and to make up for the shortfall due to loss of Iraqi and Kuwaiti exports. However, it does not appear higher rates can be sustained for a long period of time. By year-end 1992, sustainable output has been projected to reach 2.3 million bpd

  4. Middle East gas export projects: The case of Abu Dhabi

    Abu Dhabi is ranked in the industry journals in the top 5 in the world tables of both oil and gas reserves. Gas is produced both Onshore and Offshore from associated and non-associated fields. Production has tripped during the last ten years and will increase further in the next few years as a result of current and planned investment. Development of Abu Dhabi's gas resources is aimed at enhancing oil production and recovery, meeting local and export demand and eliminating waste. Companies in Abu Dhabi are involved in all the main sectors of gas industry including production, processing, transportation and sales. The first large LNG export project by sea in Arabian Gulf was established in 1977 from Abu to Japan. Development continues and the gas is exported as LNG and is also processed into LPG and Pentane Plus for export. Japan remains the main market. The volume of Condensate available for export and processing will increase significantly in the next few years. In order to ensure a continuing and increasing supply of gas to world markets, in future years, prices will need to provide an adequate return on investment and should also reflect the environmental advantages of gas. 9 tabs

  5. Patient cost-sharing for ambulatory neuropsychiatric services in Abu Dhabi, UAE

    Hamidi, Samer; Abouallaban, Yousef; Alhamad, Sultan; Meirambayeva, Aizhan

    2016-01-01

    Background and objectives Neuropsychiatric disorders are of high concern and burden of disease in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The aim of this study is to describe patient cost-sharing patterns, insurance coverage of ambulatory neuropsychiatric disorders, and utilization of neuropsychiatric services in Abu Dhabi. Methods The study utilized the data published by Health Authority-Abu Dhabi (HAAD) and the American Center for Psychiatry and Neurology (ACPN) records in Abu Dhabi. The data were ...

  6. Industralization plan in the oil sector in Abu Dhabi

    1981-05-01

    Abu Dhabi's oil discoveries are changing a simple tribal community into an industrial society. The socio-economic changes and the infrastructure needs associated with rapid economic development are largely the responsibility of the public sector, while Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (AGNOC) and its partners focus on an exploration and development program that will conserve natural resources. ADNOC companies provide three types of petroleum services: exploration and production, transportation and distribution, and marine services. ADNOC projects completed, under completion, committed and under study are summarized. Projects in transportation and telecommunications networks, utilities, and housing reflect government-industry cooperation. The country also encourages the joint-venture participation of foreign countries as long as there is an equitable sharing of risks and benefits. (DCK)

  7. Abu Dhabi und Dubai: Wirtschaftliche Entwicklung wie aus 1001 Nacht?

    Benner, Maximilian

    2011-01-01

    The development of Abu Dhabi and Dubai during past years seems breathtaking. Both emirates pursue a strategy of diversifying their economic structure and thus of becoming less dependent on oil and gas. The obvious goal is to secure their prosperity for an era beyond oil. Diversification is a relevant strategic imperative for other resource-rich developing countries, too. In view of the current transformation processes in Arab countries the question whether differing strategies of the two emir...

  8. The sustainability of economic growth in Abu Dhabi

    Bram SMEETS

    2013-01-01

    Abu Dhabi has experienced an unprecedented development during the last half century, growing rapidly from a remote desert settlement to a thriving metropolitan. Today, the Emirate ranks among the countries with the highest GDP per capita in the world, and this impressive development is anticipated to continue in the decades to come.However, there are several challenges to the sustainability of the current economic prosperity, and the environmental degradation that was caused by the rapid deve...

  9. Coincident Observations of Surface Ozone and NMVOCs over Abu Dhabi

    Abbasi, Naveed; Majeed, Tariq; Iqbal, Mazhar; Tarasick, David; Davies, Jonathan; Riemer, Daniel; Apel, Eric

    2016-07-01

    The vertical profiles of ozone are measured coincidently with non-methane volatile organic compounds (NMVOCs) at the meteorological site located at the Abu Dhabi international airport (latitude 24.45N; longitude 54.22E) during the years 2012 - 2014. Some of the profiles show elevated surface ozone >95 ppbv during the winter months (December, January and February). The ground-level NMVOCs obtained from the gas chromatography-flame ionization detection/mass spectrometry system also show elevated values of acetylene, ethane, propane, butane, pentane, benzene, and toluene. NMVOCs and ozone abundances in other seasons are much lower than the values in winter season. NMVOCs are emitted from an extensive number of sources in urban environments including fuel production, distribution, and consumption, and serve as precursor of ozone. Transport sources contribute a substantial portion of the NMVOC burden to the urban atmosphere in developed regions. Abu Dhabi is located at the edge of the Arabian Gulf and is highly affected by emissions from petrochemical industries in the neighboring Gulf region. The preliminary results indicate that wintertime enhancement in ozone is associated with large values of NMVOCs at Abu Dhabi. The domestic production of surface ozone is estimated from the combination of oxygen recombination and NMVOCs and compared with the data. It is estimated that about 40-50% of ozone in Abu Dhabi is transported from the neighbouring petrochemical industries. We will present ozone sounding and NMVOCs data and our model estimates of surface ozone, including a discussion on the high levels of the tropospheric ozone responsible for contaminating the air quality in the UAE. This work is supported by National Research Foundation, UAE.

  10. Designing Professional Development for Principals in a Context of Change: The Case of Abu Dhabi

    Blaik Hourani, Rida; Stringer, Patricia

    2015-01-01

    Schools in Abu Dhabi are going through a period of transformation and reform. The Abu Dhabi Education Council commenced a professional development plan for principals to enhance their capabilities to manage and initiate change in light of the reforms. This study was conducted to explore principals' perspectives on professional development…

  11. Geomorphological evolution of the dynamic Abu Dhabi coastline

    Lokier, S. W.; Onuma, T.; Hamada, H.

    2012-04-01

    The Abu Dhabi coastline provides an ideal setting for studying sedimentation processes in an arid depositional environment directly analogous to that of many of the region's Mesozoic petroleum reservoirs. This coastline displays a low-angle ramp geometry with supratidal evaporite precipitation passing offshore, through a broad carbonate-evaporite intertidal setting with complex depositional facies geometries, into a subtidal carbonate depositional environment. The coast is locally protected from open marine conditions by a number of peninsulas and offshore shoals and islands associated with the east-west trending Great Pearl Bank. This offers an ideal setting for studying the effects of relative sea-level fluctuations on sedimentary systems and shoreline morphology. A late Holocene progradation rate of 0.75 m/yr has previously been established for the Abu Dhabi Sabkha system (Lokier and Steuber, 2008) however we conjecture that the system has now entered a broadly retrogradational phase. By applying current estimates of global sea level rise of 3.3 mm/yr derived from satellite altimetry and tide gauges (Cazenave and Nerem, 2004; Leuliette et al., 2004), we calculate present day marine transgression of the Abu Dhabi shoreline at a rate of 8.25 m/yr. This study utilised 7 years of fieldwork observations and satellite imagery to establish numerous lines of evidence for active retrogradation over an area of Abu Dhabi coastline lying between Al Dabb'iya in the east and Abu al Abyad in the west. The landward advance of spits and beach ridge systems was monitored at several locations with rates of retrogradation of up to 28 m per year being recorded in some instances. These are significantly greater than those predicted from sea-level rise and may indicate a local subsidence. The landward and seaward limits of microbial mat belts are strongly controlled by their location in the intertidal zone. The seaward side of the Recent microbial mat belt in the Abu Dhabi Sabkha is

  12. Renewable energy policy options for Abu Dhabi: Drivers and barriers

    Climate change and fossil fuel depletion are the main drivers for the recent focus on Renewable Energy (RE) resources. However, since the high cost of RE technologies is the main obstacle facing the diffusion of RE power generation, economic and political intervention is inevitable. In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) population and economic growth are the main causes of a sharp increase of energy demand. Two key related factors highlight the need to establish a RE sector: first the UAE has one of the highest carbon footprint in the world and second, the rate of depletion of its main energy generation resource – fossil fuel. In this study, we present a review of overall policies in sixty-one countries, focusing on their efforts to adopt RE resources in the power sector, and on their implementation of fundamental policies implemented. Furthermore, we investigate the applicability to Abu Dhabi UAE of the main RE policies implemented worldwide. As a result of our analysis, we recommend the implementation of a mixed policy of Feed-in-Tariff (FIT) and the Quota system for RE electricity generation in order for the UAE to meet its 7% target by 2020. - Highlights: ► Comprehensive review of renewable energy policy mechanisms. ► Summarizes the renewable energy policy adoptions, targets, and installed capacity in many countries. ► Gives recommendations on renewable energy policy options for Abu Dhabi, an oil rich country.

  13. Distribution of heavy metals in the coastal area of Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates

    Highlights: • The article reports heavy metal concentrations in the coastline of Abu Dhabi. • ICP–MS and X-ray fluorescence were used to analyze heavy metals in 57 samples. • Enrichment factor, geoaccumulation index, and pollution load index were calculated. • Abu Dhabi coastal area was determined to be unpolluted. • The area was slightly contaminated with arsenic. - Abstract: Fifty-seven sediment samples were collected from Abu Dhabi coastal area, United Arab Emirates (UAE). The concentrations of heavy metals including antimony, arsenic, barium, cadmium, cobalt, copper, mercury, lead, molybdenum, nickel and zinc were obtained using Inductively Coupled Plasma–Mass Spectroscopy (ICP–MS) and X-ray fluorescence. Heavy metal contaminations in Abu Dhabi had increased since 2004. Nevertheless, the enrichment factors, geoaccumulation indices and the pollution load index of 0.3 showed no pollution with any of the measured metals except arsenic

  14. Stated preferences for future management developments in the hospitality sector: a case study of Abu Dhabi, UAE

    Al Suwaidi, Hamed

    2014-01-01

    Abu-Dhabi (AD) is the largest of the seven Emirates that comprise the United Arab Emirates. Abu-Dhabi, the capital of the UAE with 1,493,000 inhabitants, accounts for 86.7% of the total surface area of the state. The emirate of Abu-Dhabi, through its Policy Agenda 2007-2008, the strategic Plan 2008-2012 and the Plan Vision Abu-Dhabi 2030 has recently re-branded itself and has made a series of assertive moves in order to boost the tourism and hospitality sectors as a means to a more diversifie...

  15. Migration of P-12 Education from Its Current State to One of High Quality: The Aspirations of Abu Dhabi

    Badri, Masood; Al Khaili, Mugheer

    2014-01-01

    Key system challenges identified by the Abu Dhabi Education Council provided the impetus for an aggressive strategic plan as necessary guidance and support for the development of the P-12 education system to contribute to advancing its positioning in the global knowledge economy. For the Abu Dhabi Education Council, the analysis served as a tool…

  16. Abu Dhabi: human resource development for nuclear energy programmes

    On 14-18 March 2010, the city of Abu Dhabi, the United Arab Emirates, hosted the International conference on the development of human resource for introduction and expansion of nuclear energy programs. The conference was organized by the IAEA in cooperation with Foratom and other organisations. The plenary session was dedicated to discussions on key topics of the conference, such as the current status and issues of staffing in the nuclear energy industries in the IAEA member nations, national strategies for development of human resource for nuclear energy, as well as the need for global efforts in that area. Russian representatives made several reports: about education of nuclear professionals in Russia, in particular in MEPhI (a list of facilities available to make training, especially the full-scale and analytical simulators, was presented); a report discussed the role of the international nuclear portal www. atomic-energy.ru in attracting and developing the potential of young nuclear professionals; an interactive presentation was made describing the experience that VNIIAES has in the creation and upgrades of systems for personnel training for nuclear power plants, use of simulators, systems of distant learning and computerized training systems

  17. Distribution of heavy metals in the coastal area of Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates.

    Al Rashdi, Saeed; Arabi, Alya A; Howari, Fares M; Siad, Abdi

    2015-08-15

    Fifty-seven sediment samples were collected from Abu Dhabi coastal area, United Arab Emirates (UAE). The concentrations of heavy metals including antimony, arsenic, barium, cadmium, cobalt, copper, mercury, lead, molybdenum, nickel and zinc were obtained using Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectroscopy (ICP-MS) and X-ray fluorescence. Heavy metal contaminations in Abu Dhabi had increased since 2004. Nevertheless, the enrichment factors, geoaccumulation indices and the pollution load index of 0.3 showed no pollution with any of the measured metals except arsenic. PMID:26081249

  18. Abu Dhabi-Great Britain and the crisis over jurisdiction 1959-1960

    Federico Velez

    2011-01-01

    Las demandas presentadas por el Jeque Shakhbout en 1959 para obtener la plena soberanía jurídica sobre el emirato de Abu Dhabi generaron una crisis diplomática plasmada en la correspondencia interna del gobierno Británico. Con sus demandas, el Jeque Shakhbout forzaba a la burocracia a cargo de los Estados de la Tregua – La Oficina de Asuntos Extranjeros en Londres, el representante del gobierno Británico en Bahreín, y los agente administrativos y políticos en Dubai y Abu Dhabi a reexaminar la...

  19. Abu Dhabi-Great Britain and the crisis over jurisdiction 1959-1960

    Federico Velez

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Las demandas presentadas por el Jeque Shakhbout en 1959 para obtener la plena soberanía jurídica sobre el emirato de Abu Dhabi generaron una crisis diplomática plasmada en la correspondencia interna del gobierno Británico. Con sus demandas, el Jeque Shakhbout forzaba a la burocracia a cargo de los Estados de la Tregua – La Oficina de Asuntos Extranjeros en Londres, el representante del gobierno Británico en Bahreín, y los agente administrativos y políticos en Dubai y Abu Dhabi a reexaminar las bases legales de la presencia Británica en la zona y los límites éticos del sistema judicial impuesto sobre sus habitantes. La crisis va mas allá de una discusión sobre los poderes jurisdiccionales. La crisis nos ofrece una ventana a las contradicciones inherentes a la  presencia Británica en la zona, en el marco del movimiento nacionalista árabe y del desarrollo de la industria petrolera y la futura redefinición de la relación entre Abu Dhabi  y la Gran Bretaña.Palabras clave: Abu Dhabi, Gran Bretaña, colonialismo___________________________Abstract:Demands to the British government for supreme jurisdiction over his territory presented by the ruler of Abu Dhabi in 1959 created a diplomatic crisis captured in the internal correspondence of the British government. Sheikh Shakhbout forced the entire bureaucracy that was dealing with the Trucial States – the Foreign Office in London, the British Resident in Bahrain, and the Political and Administrative Agents in Abu Dhabi and Dubai – to reexamine the legality of their presence in the region and the ethical limits of the judicial system imposed on this land.The crisis went beyond the mere discussion over jurisdictional powers. It is also a window into the contradictions linked to the British presence in the region, within the framework of the nascent Arab Nationalist movement and the development of the oil industry . All of which will soon change the nature of the relationship between

  20. Industrial Wastewater Treatment Using Local Natural Soil in Abu Dhabi, U.A.E

    H. A. Tayim; A. H. Al-Yazouri

    2005-01-01

    Local soil from the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirate is investigated for its efficiency in removing heavy metals from industrial wastewater. Eight different industrial water effluents from different industries were treated. Pb, Zn, Fe, Cu and Mn were removed from industrial wastewaters yielding treated water with heavy metal concentrations well below the maximum limits enforced by environmental protection agencies.

  1. The Westernization of Arab Pedagogies: Abu Dhabi Attempts to Move towards a Knowledge Economy

    Chrystall, Steve

    2014-01-01

    As the oil reserves in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are forecast to become depleted over the next 50 to 150 years, the emirate of Abu Dhabi has set a vision to develop a knowledge economy in order to develop alternative sources of revenue in areas such as tourism, alternative energy and innovative business enterprises. Reformation of its…

  2. Variation by Gender in Abu Dhabi High School Students' Interests in Physics

    Badri, Masood; Mazroui, Karima Al; Al Rashedi, Asma; Yang, Guang

    2016-01-01

    Abu Dhabi high school students' interest in physics in different contexts was investigated with a survey conducted in connection with the international project, The Relevance of Science Education (ROSE). The sample consisted of 2248 students in public and private schools. Means of most items that belong to the school physics context for both girls…

  3. Transmission of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus Infections in Healthcare Settings, Abu Dhabi

    Nguyen, Duc; Aden, Bashir; Al Bandar, Zyad; Al Dhaheri, Wafa; Abu Elkheir, Kheir; Khudair, Ahmed; Al Mulla, Mariam; El Saleh, Feda; Imambaccus, Hala; Al Kaabi, Nawal; Sheikh, Farrukh Amin; Sasse, Jurgen; Turner, Andrew; Abdel Wareth, Laila; Weber, Stefan; Al Ameri, Asma; Abu Amer, Wesal; Alami, Negar N.; Bunga, Sudhir; Haynes, Lia M.; Hall, Aron J.; Kallen, Alexander J.; Kuhar, David; Pham, Huong; Pringle, Kimberly; Tong, Suxiang; Whitaker, Brett L.; Gerber, Susan I.; Al Hosani, Farida Ismail

    2016-01-01

    Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infections sharply increased in the Arabian Peninsula during spring 2014. In Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, these infections occurred primarily among healthcare workers and patients. To identify and describe epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of persons with healthcare-associated infection, we reviewed laboratory-confirmed MERS-CoV cases reported to the Health Authority of Abu Dhabi during January 1, 2013–May 9, 2014. Of 65 case-patients identified with MERS-CoV infection, 27 (42%) had healthcare-associated cases. Epidemiologic and genetic sequencing findings suggest that 3 healthcare clusters of MERS-CoV infection occurred, including 1 that resulted in 20 infected persons in 1 hospital. MERS-CoV in healthcare settings spread predominantly before MERS-CoV infection was diagnosed, underscoring the importance of increasing awareness and infection control measures at first points of entry to healthcare facilities. PMID:26981708

  4. Variation by Gender in Abu Dhabi High School Students' Interests in Physics

    Badri, Masood; Mazroui, Karima Al; Al Rashedi, Asma; Yang, Guang

    2016-04-01

    Abu Dhabi high school students' interest in physics in different contexts was investigated with a survey conducted in connection with the international project, The Relevance of Science Education (ROSE). The sample consisted of 2248 students in public and private schools. Means of most items that belong to the school physics context for both girls and boys were below the score of (3.0). The most interesting topics for both genders were connected with fantasy items. The least interesting items (particularly for girls) were connected with artifacts and technological processes. Girls assigned the highest scores for "why we dream" and "life and death." Boys assigned the highest scores for "inventions and discoveries" and "life outside of earth." The main message of the study is that new curricular approaches and textbooks can be developed through combining technological and human contexts. The implications for curriculum development, teacher professional development programs, and other education strategies in Abu Dhabi are discussed in light of the ROSE survey.

  5. Adolescents’ perception of substance use and factors influencing its use: a qualitative study in Abu Dhabi

    Alhyas, Layla; Al Ozaibi, Naseeba; Elarabi, Hisham; El-Kashef, Ahmed; Wanigaratne, Shamil; Almarzouqi, Amna; Alhosani, Ayesha; Al Ghaferi, Hamad

    2015-01-01

    Summary Objective The objective of this article is to gain a deeper understanding of the attitudes and perceptions of adolescents in the United Arab Emirates regarding substance and to identify factors that, in their view, may influence the risk of substance use and suggest possible interventions. Design This was a qualitative study that used a focus group approach. Setting The study was carried out in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Participants Male and female teenagers aged 13-18 years re...

  6. Health System Reform and Organisational Culture: An Exploratory Study in Abu Dhabi Public Healthcare Sector

    Jammoul, Nada Youssef

    2015-01-01

    The Health system in Abu Dhabi has undergone a series of far reaching reforms during the past six years, yet in spite of the structural transformations, public confidence in the performance of this vital sector is still skeptical at best and employee engagement is still low. The thesis was underpinned by the aim to reveal the challenges in public health system reform outside the context of western administration. This thesis is an attempt to analyse the intricate, multidimensional concept of ...

  7. Leadership and followership practices in learning organisations:a case study of Abu Dhabi education council

    Al Kalbani, Mariam

    2015-01-01

    This thesis studies the relationship between practices in learning organisation and social practices at the Abu Dhabi Education Council (ADEC). The research domain was broken down into six research (questions), which affect the development of a learning organisation at ADEC. 1) What is the impact of the roles of leaders on developing learning organisation characteristics with in ADEC? 2) What is the impact of the relationship between leaders and followers on developing learning organisation c...

  8. Sero-Prevalence and Epidemiology of Brucellosis in Camels, Sheep and Goats in Abu Dhabi Emirate

    Maymona A Mohammed

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Brucellosis is a disease of animals caused by Brucella species and is transmissible to humans. This study was undertaken to determine the sero-prevalence of the disease in livestock including sheep and goats and camels, in different regions of Abu Dhabi emirate and to identify factors associated with the epidemiology of the disease. A serological study using 6126 blood samples from livestock were obtained from 267 farms (Izaba during the period from January 2009 to December 2010. The Rose Bengal Plate Test and competitive ELISA were used as screening and confirmatory tests, respectively. The overall sero-prevalence of Brucella antibodies was 8.00% and 7.00% detected by the RBPT by c-ELISA respectively. Brucella prevalence was 8.3, 5.9 and 4.7% in Alain, Abu Dhabi and Western region. The prevalence of the disease was higher (8.4% in sheep and goats than (4.4% in camels respectively. The result showed that, the prevalence of brucellosis was significantly higher in females than male (p<0.04 Out of the 267 farms sampled in the study, 147 (55.1% were infected with Brucella There was strong correlation between herd size and prevalence of the disease, very large herds had significantly higher prevalence when compared with small ones. The study revealed light of a size able prevalence among livestock in Abu Dhabi Emirate and the results reflect the necessity of a control program of the disease is needed to be adopted.

  9. Epidemiology and referral patterns of patients with chronic kidney disease in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi

    Nick Richards

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available According to estimates, the dialysis prevalence in Abu Dhabi is around 370 per million population. The annual growth is 12-15% and the dialysis population is likely to double in the next five years. Most patients present to dialysis as an emergency and only 2.7% have an arteriovenous fistula at the first dialysis. The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD in the Emirate is undefined. A study of the epidemiology of CKD and referral patterns was undertaken. SEHA, the Abu Dhabi Health Service delivery company, has a unified computer system containing all measurements made in its laboratories. This study considered all serum creatinine measurements performed between 1 September 2011 and 31 October 2012 from outpatient departments or emergency rooms. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGRF was calculated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formula (the Schwartz formula was used for children. We identified 331,360 samples from 212,314 individuals. The mean serum creatinine was 61 ± 48 μmol/L in females (59 ± 43 μmol/L in Emiratis, 63 ± 54 μmol/L in expatriates and 87 ± 69 μmol/L in males (80 ± 59 μmol/L in Emiratis, 92 ± 74 μmol/L in expatriates. Among Emiratis, 4.6% of males and 2.8% of females had an eGFR between CKD 3 and 5. Among expatriates, 4.2% of males and 3.2% of females had an eGFR between CKD 3 and 5. On average, eight months elapsed before a patient with CKD 3, and three months for a patient in CKD 5, to attend the nephrology clinic. This study has defined the prevalence of CKD within Abu Dhabi and demonstrated the need to improve identification and referral of CKD patients. Possible solutions include campaigns to increase public and physician awareness of CKD.

  10. Epidemiology and referral patterns of patients with chronic kidney disease in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi.

    Richards, Nick; Hassan, Mohamed; Saleh, Abdul Karim; Dastoor, Hormazdiar; Bernieh, Bassam; Abouchacra, Samra; Al Jabri, Omar; Fleischmann, Alan; Richards, Marie; Marcelli, Daniele

    2015-09-01

    According to estimates, the dialysis prevalence in Abu Dhabi is around 370 per million population. The annual growth is 12-15% and the dialysis population is likely to double in the next five years. Most patients present to dialysis as an emergency and only 2.7% have an arteriovenous fistula at the first dialysis. The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the Emirate is undefined. A study of the epidemiology of CKD and referral patterns was undertaken. SEHA, the Abu Dhabi Health Service delivery company, has a unified computer system containing all measurements made in its laboratories. This study considered all serum creatinine measurements performed between 1 September 2011 and 31 October 2012 from outpatient departments or emergency rooms. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGRF) was calculated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formula (the Schwartz formula was used for children). We identified 331,360 samples from 212,314 individuals. The mean serum creatinine was 61 ± 48 μmol/L in females (59 ± 43 μmol/L in Emiratis, 63 ± 54 μmol/L in expatriates) and 87 ± 69 μmol/L in males (80 ± 59 μmol/L in Emiratis, 92 ± 74 μmol/L in expatriates). Among Emiratis, 4.6% of males and 2.8% of females had an eGFR between CKD 3 and 5. Among expatriates, 4.2% of males and 3.2% of females had an eGFR between CKD 3 and 5. On average, eight months elapsed before a patient with CKD 3, and three months for a patient in CKD 5, to attend the nephrology clinic. This study has defined the prevalence of CKD within Abu Dhabi and demonstrated the need to improve identification and referral of CKD patients. Possible solutions include campaigns to increase public and physician awareness of CKD. PMID:26354587

  11. The operation, products and promotion of waterpipe businesses in New York City, Abu Dhabi and Dubai.

    Joudrey, P J; Jasie, K A; Pykalo, L; Singer, S T; Woodin, M B; Sherman, S

    2016-04-01

    We evaluated the customers, operations, products and advertising of these businesses to explore the unique policy challenges created by the suppliers of waterpipes. We completed a cross-sectional survey consisting of structured site observations and in-person interviews of businesses in New York City, Abu Dhabi and Dubai identified using Google, Yelp, Timeout Dubai and Timeout Abu Dhabi and neighbourhood visits in 2014. Regular customers made up 59% of customers. Franchises or chains were 28% of businesses. Waterpipes made up 39% of sales with 87% of businesses offering food within their menu. Flavoured tobacco made up 94% of sales. Discounts were offered by 47% of businesses and 94% of businesses used advertising, often through social media. The market consists of largely independent businesses, with a large regular customer base, frequently offering diversified services beyond waterpipes. These businesses advertise using both traditional and social media. The economics of waterpipe businesses is very different from the economics of cigarettes, and unique regulatory strategies are needed to control this epidemic. PMID:27432405

  12. Gis-Based Wind Farm Site Selection Model Offshore Abu Dhabi Emirate, Uae

    Saleous, N.; Issa, S.; Mazrouei, J. Al

    2016-06-01

    The United Arab Emirates (UAE) government has declared the increased use of alternative energy a strategic goal and has invested in identifying and developing various sources of such energy. This study aimed at assessing the viability of establishing wind farms offshore the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, UAE and to identify favourable sites for such farms using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) procedures and algorithms. Based on previous studies and on local requirements, a set of suitability criteria was developed including ocean currents, reserved areas, seabed topography, and wind speed. GIS layers were created and a weighted overlay GIS model based on the above mentioned criteria was built to identify suitable sites for hosting a new offshore wind energy farm. Results showed that most of Abu Dhabi offshore areas were unsuitable, largely due to the presence of restricted zones (marine protected areas, oil extraction platforms and oil pipelines in particular). However, some suitable sites could be identified, especially around Delma Island and North of Jabal Barakah in the Western Region. The environmental impact of potential wind farm locations and associated cables on the marine ecology was examined to ensure minimal disturbance to marine life. Further research is needed to specify wind mills characteristics that suit the study area especially with the presence of heavy traffic due to many oil production and shipping activities in the Arabian Gulf most of the year.

  13. Tensions in Policy and Practice: Influences on Play in Abu Dhabi's New School Model KG Framework

    Baker, Fiona S.

    2014-01-01

    This article reports on three salient socio-cultural and systemic factors that are influential in play in Abu Dhabi Education Council's (ADEC's) kindergarten (KG) framework from the teacher perspective. Anecdotal evidence suggests that during ADEC's progressive educational reform, emphasis has reverted to academic performance…

  14. Economic risk and efficiency assessment of fisheries in Abu-Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE): A stochastic approach

    The fishing industry in Abu-Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE) plays an important role in diversifying food sources in order to enhance national food security. The fishing industry is facing increasing risk that may impact the sustainability (i.e., quantity and quality) of the fish caught and consume...

  15. Oil Spill Detection and Monitoring of Abu Dhabi Coastal Zone Using KOMPSAT-5 SAR Imagery

    Harahsheh, H. A.

    2016-06-01

    Abu Dhabi Government endorsed vision for its Maritime Strategy `A safe, secure and sustainable maritime domain for Abu Dhabi'. This research study share this vision using the concept of monitoring as tool for marine protection against any possible oil pollution. The best technology to detect and monitor oil pollution and in particularly oil spill is SAR imagery In this case study we chose KOMPSAT-5 SAR. KOMPSAT-5 carries X-band SAR for earth observation, and is capable of day-and-night imaging under all weather condition. It provides three operation modes: High Resolution Mode to provide 1 m resolution, Standard Mode to provide 3 m resolution and Wide Swath Mode to provide 20 m resolution with 100 km swath at 550 km altitude, with four modes of polarization. KOMPSAT-5 provides products for various applications; security and defense, mapping, and natural resource management, environmental monitoring, disaster monitoring and more. For our case study we chose to work with Wide Swath mode (WS) with Vertical polarization (VV) to cover a wide area of interest located to the north west of Abu Dhabi including some important islands like "Zirku Island", and areas with oil production activities. The results of data acquired on 4th May 2015 show some spot of oil spill with length estimated about 3 KM, and the daily satellite data acquisition over the period July 24 through July 31 shows serious and many oil spill events some are small, but many others are considered to be big with area size around 20 km2. In the context of oil spill pollution in the seas, we have to consider the development and increase of overseas transportation, which is an important factor for both social and economic sectors. The harmful effects of marine pollution are numerous, from the damage of marine life to the damage of the aquatic ecosystem as whole. As such, the need for oil slick detection is crucial, for the location of polluted areas and to evaluate slick drift to protect the coastline

  16. A GIS-BASED MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION SYSTEM FOR SELECTION OF LANDFILL SITES: a case study from Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

    Issa, S. M.; Shehhi, B.

    2012-01-01

    Landfill sites receive 92% of total annual solid waste produced by municipalities in the emirate of Abu Dhabi. In this study, candidate sites for an appropriate landfill location for the Abu Dhabi municipal area are determined by integrating geographic information systems (GIS) and multi-criteria evaluation (MCE) analysis. To identify appropriate landfill sites, eight input map layers including proximity to urban areas, proximity to wells and water table depth, geology and topography, proximi...

  17. Response to Emergence of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, 2013-2014.

    Al Hosani, Farida Ismail; Pringle, Kimberly; Al Mulla, Mariam; Kim, Lindsay; Pham, Huong; Alami, Negar N; Khudhair, Ahmed; Hall, Aron J; Aden, Bashir; El Saleh, Feda; Al Dhaheri, Wafa; Al Bandar, Zyad; Bunga, Sudhir; Abou Elkheir, Kheir; Tao, Ying; Hunter, Jennifer C; Nguyen, Duc; Turner, Andrew; Pradeep, Krishna; Sasse, Jurgen; Weber, Stefan; Tong, Suxiang; Whitaker, Brett L; Haynes, Lia M; Curns, Aaron; Gerber, Susan I

    2016-07-01

    In January 2013, several months after Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was first identified in Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, began surveillance for MERS-CoV. We analyzed medical chart and laboratory data collected by the Health Authority-Abu Dhabi during January 2013-May 2014. Using real-time reverse transcription PCR, we tested respiratory tract samples for MERS-CoV and identified 65 case-patients. Of these patients, 23 (35%) were asymptomatic at the time of testing, and 4 (6%) showed positive test results for >3 weeks (1 had severe symptoms and 3 had mild symptoms). We also identified 6 clusters of MERS-CoV cases. This report highlights the potential for virus shedding by mildly ill and asymptomatic case-patients. These findings will be useful for MERS-CoV management and infection prevention strategies. PMID:27314227

  18. Response to Emergence of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, 2013–2014

    Al Hosani, Farida Ismail; Al Mulla, Mariam; Kim, Lindsay; Pham, Huong; Alami, Negar N.; Khudhair, Ahmed; Hall, Aron J.; Aden, Bashir; El Saleh, Feda; Al Dhaheri, Wafa; Al Bandar, Zyad; Bunga, Sudhir; Abou Elkheir, Kheir; Tao, Ying; Hunter, Jennifer C.; Nguyen, Duc; Turner, Andrew; Pradeep, Krishna; Sasse, Jurgen; Weber, Stefan; Tong, Suxiang; Whitaker, Brett L.; Haynes, Lia M.; Curns, Aaron; Gerber, Susan I.

    2016-01-01

    In January 2013, several months after Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) was first identified in Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, began surveillance for MERS-CoV. We analyzed medical chart and laboratory data collected by the Health Authority–Abu Dhabi during January 2013–May 2014. Using real-time reverse transcription PCR, we tested respiratory tract samples for MERS-CoV and identified 65 case-patients. Of these patients, 23 (35%) were asymptomatic at the time of testing, and 4 (6%) showed positive test results for >3 weeks (1 had severe symptoms and 3 had mild symptoms). We also identified 6 clusters of MERS-CoV cases. This report highlights the potential for virus shedding by mildly ill and asymptomatic case-patients. These findings will be useful for MERS-CoV management and infection prevention strategies. PMID:27314227

  19. The influence of teacher identities on teachers’ perspectives towards the incoming Dual Language Policy in Abu Dhabi secondary schools

    Pattisson, Y Joy

    2014-01-01

    As part of an extensive education reform programme, Abu Dhabi Education Council (ADEC) is currently introducing a Dual Language Policy (DLP) in which English, maths and science are to be taught fully through the medium of English while other subjects are taught through Arabic with the goal of producing biliterate school graduates. The DLP has already been implemented in Grades 1-6 and it is hoped that it will be migrated into secondary schools by 2015. The success of any major educational...

  20. Economic Risk and Efficiency Assessment of Fisheries in Abu-Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE: A Stochastic Approach

    Eihab Fathelrahman

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The fishing industry in Abu-Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE, plays an important role in diversifying food sources in order to enhance national food security. The fishing industry is facing an increasing risk that may impact the sustainability (i.e., quantity and quality of the fish caught and consumed in the UAE. Therefore, the main objective of this study is to analyze common Abu-Dhabi fishing management alternatives using various stochastic dominance techniques (i.e., first/second degree stochastic dominance, stochastic dominance with respect to a function and stochastic efficiency with respect to a function to assess the risk facing UAE fishermen. The techniques represent a risk assessment continuum, which can provide a ranking of management alternatives to improve decision making outcomes and help maintain long-term UAE fishing sustainability. Data for the stochastic dominance analyses were obtained from a cross-sectional survey conducted through face-to-face interviews of Abu Dhabi, UAE, fishermen. Analysis of fishing methods, trap sizes and trap numbers using stochastic efficiency with respect to a function (SERF showed that fishermen efficient practices were not the same for risk-neutral fishermen compared to risk averse fishermen. Overall, the stochastic dominance results illustrated the importance of considering both attitude towards risk and economic inefficiencies in managing UAE fishery practices and designing successful fishery policies, as well as improving decision-making at the fishermen level.

  1. A Review of the Water and Energy Sectors and the Use of a Nexus Approach in Abu Dhabi

    Paul, Parneet; Al Tenaiji, Ameena Kulaib; Braimah, Nuhu

    2016-01-01

    Rapid population increase coupled with urbanization and industrialization has resulted in shortages of water in the Middle East. This situation is further exacerbated by global climate change due to greenhouse gas emissions. Recent research advocates that solutions to the global water security and scarcity crisis must involve water–energy nexus approaches. This means adopting policies and strategies that harmonize these inter-related sectors to minimize environmental impact while maximizing human benefit. In the case of Abu Dhabi, when designing and locating oil/gas refineries and associated power generation facilities, previous relevant decisions were based on simple economic and geographical grounds, such as nearness to oil rigs, pipelines, existing industries and port facilities, etc. The subsequent design and location of water abstraction and treatment works operated by the waste heat from these refining and/or power generation processes was catered for as an afterthought, meaning that there is now a mismatch between the water and energy supplies and demands. This review study was carried out to show how Abu Dhabi is trying now to integrate its water–energy sectors using a nexus approach so that future water/power infrastructure is designed optimally and operated in harmony, especially in regard to future demand. Based upon this review work, some recommendations are made for designers and policy makers alike to bolster the nexus approach that Abu Dhabi is pursuing. PMID:27023583

  2. A Review of the Water and Energy Sectors and the Use of a Nexus Approach in Abu Dhabi.

    Paul, Parneet; Al Tenaiji, Ameena Kulaib; Braimah, Nuhu

    2016-04-01

    Rapid population increase coupled with urbanization and industrialization has resulted in shortages of water in the Middle East. This situation is further exacerbated by global climate change due to greenhouse gas emissions. Recent research advocates that solutions to the global water security and scarcity crisis must involve water-energy nexus approaches. This means adopting policies and strategies that harmonize these inter-related sectors to minimize environmental impact while maximizing human benefit. In the case of Abu Dhabi, when designing and locating oil/gas refineries and associated power generation facilities, previous relevant decisions were based on simple economic and geographical grounds, such as nearness to oil rigs, pipelines, existing industries and port facilities, etc. The subsequent design and location of water abstraction and treatment works operated by the waste heat from these refining and/or power generation processes was catered for as an afterthought, meaning that there is now a mismatch between the water and energy supplies and demands. This review study was carried out to show how Abu Dhabi is trying now to integrate its water-energy sectors using a nexus approach so that future water/power infrastructure is designed optimally and operated in harmony, especially in regard to future demand. Based upon this review work, some recommendations are made for designers and policy makers alike to bolster the nexus approach that Abu Dhabi is pursuing. PMID:27023583

  3. Recent benthic foraminifera and sedimentary facies distribution of the Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) coastline

    Fiorini, Flavia; Lokier, Stephen W.

    2014-05-01

    The distribution of benthic foraminifera and sedimentary facies from Recent coastline environments adjacent to the coastline of Abu Dhabi (UAE) was studied in detail with the aim to: 1) provide reliable analogs for understanding and interpreting the depositional environment of ancient shallow-marine sediments from the UAE; 2) assess any modifications in the distribution of benthic environments and sedimentary facies in an area affected by significant anthropogenic activities - particular construction and land reclamation. A total of 100 sea-floor sediment samples were collected in different shallow-marine sedimentary environments (nearshore shelf, beach-front, channels, ooid shoals, lagoon and mangals) close to the coastline of Abu Dhabi Island. Where possible, we revisited the sampling sites used in several studies conducted in the middle of last century (prior to any significant anthropogenic activities) to assess temporal changes in Recent benthic foraminifera and sedimentary facies distribution during the last 50 years. Five foraminiferal assemblages were recognized in the studied area. Species with a porcellaneous test mainly belonging to the genera Quinqueloculina, Triloculina, Spiroloculina, Sigmoilinita are common in all studied areas. Larger benthic foraminifera Peneroplis and Spirolina are particularly abundant in samples collected on seaweed. Hyaline foraminifera mostly belonging to the genera Elphidium, Ammonia, Bolivina and Rosalina are also common together with Miliolidae in the nearshore shelf and beach front. Agglutinated foraminifera (Clavulina, Textularia, Ammobaculites and Reophax) are present in low percentages. The species belonging to the genera Ammobaculites and Reophax are present only in the finest grain samples particularly in lagoons and mangal environments and have not been reported previously in the studied area. The majority of the ooid shoal sediments, the coarser sediments of the beach-front and samples collected in dredged channels

  4. Application of uphole data from petroleum seismic surveys to groundwater investigations, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates)

    Woodward, D.; Menges, C.M.

    1991-01-01

    Velocity data from uphole surveys were used to map the water table and the contact at the base dune sand/top alluvium as part of a joint National Drilling Company-United States Geological Survey Ground Water Research Project in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi. During 1981-1983, a reconnaissance seismic survey was conducted for petroleum exploration in the eastern region of Abu Dhabi. Approximately 2800 kilometers of seismic data, consisting of 92 lines, were acquired in the 2500 km2 concession area near Al Ain. Uphole surveys were conducted about 2 km apart along each seismic line, and were used to calculate weathering corrections required to further process in the seismic data. Approximately 1300 uphole surveys were completed in the concession area between March 1981 and June 1983. Reinterpretation of the velocity profiles derived from the uphole surveys provided data for determining the following subsurface layers, listed in descending order: (1) a surficial, unconsolidated weathering layer with a velocity from 300 to 450 m/s; (2) surficial dune sand, from 750 to 900 m/s; (3) unsaturated, unconsolidated alluvium, from 1000 to 1300 m/s; and (4) saturated, unconsolidated alluvium, from 1900 to 2200 m/s. Two interfaces-the water table and the base dune sand/top alluvium - were identified and mapped from boundaries between these velocity layers. Although the regional water table can fluctuate naturally as much as 3 m per year in this area and the water-table determinations from the uphole data span a 27-month period, an extremely consistent and interpretable water-table map was derived from the uphole data throughout the entire concession area. In the northern part of the area, unconfined groundwater moves northward and northwestward toward the Arabian Gulf; and in the central and southern parts of the area, groundwater moves westward away from the Oman Mountains. In the extreme southern area east of Jabal Hafit, groundwater moves southward into Oman. The map of the base

  5. Prevalence of some mastitis causes in dromedary camels in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

    A.A. Al-Juboori1

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The present study was designed to determine the prevalence of different types of mastitis in camels in U.A.E. and to identify the causative microorganisms and their sensitivity to different antimicrobial agents. From 162 lactating she-camels, 630 milk samples were collected from different cities in Abu Dhabi Emirate/UAE. The overall prevalence of mastitis was 18.52% (7.94% on quarter basis, the prevalence of clinical and sub clinical mastitis was found to be 24.70% and 11.67% on animal basis, respectively; it being 9.70% and 5.86% on quarter basis, respectively. The hind quarters were more frequently affected than the fore quarters. Bacteriological examination of milk samples revealed that Staphylococcus was the chief etiological agents both in clinical and sub clinical mastitis (41.67% in camels, followed by Streptococcus spp. (21.67%, Enterobacter spp. (15.00%, C. pyogenes (10.00%, Micrococcus spp. (5.00%, Pasteurells spp. (5.00% and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (1.66%. Most of the Staphylococcus spp., Streptococcus spp. and C. pyogenes strains were sensitive to carbenicillin, gentamycin, kanamycin, and erythromycin, but resistant to colistin and sulphamethoxazole. Other pathogens like Enterobacter, Micrococcus, Pasteurella spp. and Ps. aeuroginosa isolates showed variable sensitivities to the antimicrobials.

  6. Abu Dhabi's Masdar project: dazzling? or Just a mirage?

    NONE

    2009-06-15

    The Masdar project is to build a self-contained economic zone creating 70,000 jobs and eventually housing as many as 40,000 residents in the middle of the desert by 2016. The community, which is envisioned to house a science and technology park and housing, is designed to be carbon neutral and virtually waste-free. Two-thirds of the power is to come from a 10 MW solar farm, and nearly all water is to be recycled and reused. There will be virtually no waste, as all packaging and material are to be recycled, used for power generation or turned into compost. The car-free zone will be served by advanced personal rapid transit (PRT) vehicles that will zip residents around the 6.5-square-kilometer area. The problem with Masdar is not so much what goes inside it, but rather what is outside. Masdar is unlikely to change the image of Abu Dhabi as the most carbon-intensive place on earth.

  7. Characterization of historic mortars and earthen building materials in Abu Dhabi Emirate, UAE

    The Abu Dhabi Authority for Culture and Heritage (ADACH) is responsible for the conservation and management of historic buildings and archaeological sites in the Emirate. Laboratory analysis has been critical for understanding the composition of historic materials and establishing appropriate conservation treatments across a wide variety of building types, ranging from Iron Age earthen archaeological sites to late-Islamic stone buildings. Analysis was carried out on historic sites in Al Ain, Delma Island and Liwa Oasis using techniques such as micro-x-ray fluorescence (MXRF), scanning electron microscopy/energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX), polarized light microscopy (PLM), and x-ray diffraction (XRD). Testing was conducted through consultant laboratories and in collaboration with local universities. The initial aim of the analysis was to understand historic earthen materials and to confirm the suitability of locally sourced clays for the production of mud bricks and plasters. Another important goal was to characterize materials used in historic stone buildings in order to develop repair mortars, renders and grouts.

  8. Analysis and evaluation of uranium and thorium marine sediments around abu-dhabi island of UAE

    Both uranium and thorium are source nuclear materials of indirect uses. They are of natural and anthropogenic origin. Elevated levels of uranium and thorium were found in several marine sediments as a result of nuclear activity releases. Currently, marine environmental samples can be used to trace origin and potential contamination of declared or undeclared nuclear activities. In this work, marine bottom sediment samples were collected from the Arabian Gulf at shores of Abu Dhabi Island. The samples were analyzed for uranium and thorium and two different techniques were employed in the analysis (one is non-destructive and the other is destructive). The first was gamma spectrometry (GS) based on hyper pure germanium detector of 40% efficiency; and the second was inductively coupled plasma - mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The uranium and thorium concentrations in the investigated samples were found to be in the ranges 1.19 - 6.51 ppm and 0.48 - 13.5 ppm, respectively using GS and to be in the ranges 1.13 - 6.79 ppm and 0.37 - 14.63 ppm using ICP-MS. The calculated Th/U ratio based on GS and ICP-MS analysis was found to be from 0.23 to 8.04 and from 0.12 to 8.76, respectively. The calculated Th/U ratios reveal that two of the studied sites are slightly enriched with thorium in respect to uranium. The results of the two techniques are compared and evaluated and the levels of uranium and thorium in the studied samples are discussed

  9. Implementation of improved underbalanced drilling in AbuDhabi onshore field

    Alhammadi, Adel Mohammed

    Abu Dhabi Company for Onshore Oil Operations (ADCO) is considering Underbalanced Drilling (UBD) as a means to develop lower permeability units in its fields. In addition to productivity and recovery gains, ADCO also expects reservoir characterization benefits from UBD. Reservoir screening studies were carried out on all of ADCO's reservoirs to determine their applicability for UBD. The primary business benefits of UBD were determined to be reservoir characterization, damage Mitigation, and rate of Penetration "ROP" Improvement. Apart from the primary benefits, some of the secondary benefits of UBD that were identified beforehand included rig performance. Since it's a trial wells, the challenge was to drill these wells safely, efficiently and of course meeting well objectives. Many operators worldwide drill these well in underbalanced mode but complete it overbalanced. In our case the plan was to drill and complete these wells in underbalanced condition. But we had to challenge most operators and come up with special and unique casing hanger design to ensure well control barriers exists while fishing the control line of the Downhole Deployment Valve "DDV". After intensive studies and planning, the hanger was designed as per our recommendations and found to be effective equipment that optimized the operational time and the cost as well. This report will provide better understanding of UBD technique in general and shade on the special designed casing hanger compared to conventional or what's most used worldwide. Even thought there were some issues while running the casing hanger prior drilling but managed to capture the learning's from each well and re-modified the hanger and come up with better deign for the future wells. Finally, the new design perform a good performance of saving the operation time and assisting the project to be done in a safe and an easy way without a major impact on the well cost. This design helped to drill and complete these wells safely with

  10. Renewable Energy Policies in the Gulf countries: A case study of the carbon-neutral 'Masdar City' in Abu Dhabi

    The Gulf countries are largely dependent on exporting oil and natural gas for their national budgets. They mainly use domestic fossil fuels for their domestic energy supply. In spite of favorable geographic conditions, especially for solar energy, renewable energies are still a niche application. Abu Dhabi, besides Dubai, the most important emirate in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), has now started a process of 'transforming oil wealth into renewable energy leadership,' and has set the long-term goal of a 'transition from a 20th Century, carbon-based economy into a 21st Century sustainable economy.' This article is a case study about 'Masdar City,' a planned carbon-neutral town in Abu Dhabi. The article describes the key characteristics of Masdar City, analyses the drivers behind the project, identifies the main actors for its implementation, and seeks obstacles to creation and development as well as the policy behind Masdar City. Finally, a first judgment of possible diffusion effects of the project is done.

  11. Renewable energy policies in the Gulf countries. A case study of the carbon-neutral 'Masdar City' in Abu Dhabi

    The Gulf countries are largely dependent on exporting oil and natural gas for their national budgets. They mainly use domestic fossil fuels for their domestic energy supply. In spite of favorable geographic conditions, especially for solar energy, renewable energies are still a niche application. Abu Dhabi, besides Dubai, the most important emirate in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), has now started a process of 'transforming oil wealth into renewable energy leadership', and has set the long-term goal of a 'transition from a 20th Century, carbon-based economy into a 21st Century sustainable economy'. This article is a case study about 'Masdar City', a planned carbon-neutral town in Abu Dhabi. The article describes the key characteristics of Masdar City, analyses the drivers behind the project, identifies the main actors for its implementation, and seeks obstacles to creation and development as well as the policy behind Masdar City. Finally, a first judgment of possible diffusion effects of the project is done. (author)

  12. Hydrology of the coastal sabkhas of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

    Sanford, Ward; Wood, Warren

    2001-05-01

    Water fluxes were estimated and a water budget developed for the land surface and a surficial 10-m-deep section of the coastal sabkhas that extend from the city of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, west to the border with Saudi Arabia. The fluxes were estimated on the basis of water levels and hydraulic conductivities measured in wells and evaporation rates measured with a humidity chamber. In contrast with conceptual models proposed in earlier studies, groundwater inflow is estimated to be small, whereas the largest components of the water budget are recharge from rainfall and evaporation from the water table. Estimates within a rectilinear volume of sabkha, defined as 1 m wide by 10 km long by 10 m deep, indicate that about 1 m3/year of water enters and exits by lateral groundwater flow; 40-50 m3/year enters by upward leakage; and 640 m3/year enters by recharge from rainfall. Based on the water and solute fluxes estimated for the upward leakage into the sabkha, 7-8 pore volumes of brine have entered the sabkha from below since the time the sabkha became saturated (7,000 years ago) as a result of the last global sea-level rise. Résumé. Les flux d'eau ont été estimés et le bilan hydrique a été réalisé pour la surface et les dix premiers mètres sous la surface de sebkhas littorales qui s'étendent à partir de la ville d'Abou Dhabi (Émirats Arabes Unis) à l'ouest de la frontière avec l'Arabie Saoudite. Les flux ont été estimés à partir des niveaux piézométriques et des conductivités hydrauliques mesurés dans les puits et à partir de mesures d'évaporation au moyen de capteurs d'humidité. En opposition avec les modèles conceptuels proposés dans les premières études, on estime que les apports par les eaux souterraines sont faibles, alors que les termes du bilan hydrique les plus importants sont la recharge par la pluie et l'évaporation à partir de la nappe. Les estimations dans un parallélépipède rectangle de sebkha, d'1 m de large, de

  13. Atmospheric bromine flux from the coastal Abu Dhabi sabkhat: A ground-water mass-balance investigation

    Wood, W.W.; Sanford, W.E.

    2007-01-01

    A solute mass-balance study of ground water of the 3000 km2 coastal sabkhat (salt flats) of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, documents an annual bromide loss of approximately 255 metric tons (0.0032 Gmoles), or 85 kg/km2. This value is an order of magnitude greater than previously published direct measurements from the atmosphere over an evaporative environment of a salar in Bolivia. Laboratory evidence, consistent with published reports, suggests that this loss is by vapor transport to the atmosphere. If this bromine flux to the atmosphere is representative of the total earth area of active salt flats then it is a significant, and generally under recognized, input to the global atmospheric bromide flux.

  14. Monitoring vegetation change in Abu Dhabi Emirate from 1996 to 2000 and 2004 using Landsat Satellite Imagery

    In the fall of 2001, a study was initiated to investigate vegetation changes in the Abu Dhabi Emirates. The vast majority of vegetation present in the region is irrigated and analysis of vegetation change will support groundwater investigations in the region by indicating areas of increased water use. Satellite-based imaging systems provide a good source of data for such an analysis. The recent analysis was completed between February and November 2002 using Landsat 5 Thematic Mapper satellite imagery acquired in 1996 and Landsat 7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus imagery acquired in 2000. These assessments were augmented in 2004with the study of Landsat 7 imagery acquired in early 2004. The total area of vegetation for each of seven study areas was calculated using the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) technique. Multiband image classification was used to differentiate general vegetation types. Change analysis consisted of simple NDVI image differencing and post-classification change matrices. Measurements of total vegetation are for the Abu Dhabi Emirate indicate an increase from 77,200 hectares in 1996 to 162,700 hectares in 2000 (110% increase). Based on comparison with manual interpretation of satellite imagery, the amount of under-reporting of irrigated land is estimated at about 15% of the actual area. From the assessment of 2004 Landset imagery, it was found that the growth of irrigated vegetation in most areas of Emirate had stabilized and had actually slightly decreased in some cases. The decreases are probably due to variability in the measurement technique and not due to actual decreases in area of vegetation. (author)

  15. Structure, Aboveground Biomass, and Soil Characterization of Avicennia marina in Eastern Mangrove Lagoon National Park, Abu Dhabi

    Alsumaiti, Tareefa Saad Sultan

    Mangrove forests are national treasures of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and other arid countries with limited forested areas. Mangroves form a crucial part of the coastal ecosystem and provide numerous benefits to society, economy, and especially the environment. Mangrove trees, specifically Avicennia marina, are studied in their native habitat in order to characterize their population structure, aboveground biomass, and soil properties. This study focused on Eastern Mangrove Lagoon National Park in Abu Dhabi, which was the first mangrove protected area to be designated in UAE. In situ measurements were collected to estimate Avicennia marina status, mortality rate (%), height (m), crown spread (m), stem number, diameter at breast height (cm), basal area (m), and aboveground biomass (t ha-1 ). Small-footprint aerial light detection and ranging (LIDAR) data acquired by UAE were processed to characterize mangrove canopy height and aboveground biomass density. This included extraction of LIDAR-derived height percentile statistics, segmentation of the forest into structurally homogenous units, and development of regression relationships between in situ reference and remote sensing data using a machine learning approach. An in situ soil survey was conducted to examine the soils' physical and chemical properties, fertility status, and organic matter. The data of soil survey were used to create soil maps to evaluate key characteristics of soils, and their influence on Avicennia marina in Eastern Mangrove Lagoon National Park. The results of this study provide new insights into Avicennia marina canopy population, structure, aboveground biomass, and soil properties in Abu Dhabi, as data in such arid environments is lacking. This valuable information can help in managing and preserving this unique ecosystem.

  16. A GIS-BASED MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION SYSTEM FOR SELECTION OF LANDFILL SITES: a case study from Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

    S. M. Issa

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Landfill sites receive 92% of total annual solid waste produced by municipalities in the emirate of Abu Dhabi. In this study, candidate sites for an appropriate landfill location for the Abu Dhabi municipal area are determined by integrating geographic information systems (GIS and multi-criteria evaluation (MCE analysis. To identify appropriate landfill sites, eight input map layers including proximity to urban areas, proximity to wells and water table depth, geology and topography, proximity to touristic and archeological sites, distance from roads network, distance from drainage networks, and land slope are used in constraint mapping. A final map was generated which identified potential areas showing suitability for the location of the landfill site. Results revealed that 30% of the study area was identified as highly suitable, 25% as suitable, and 45% as unsuitable. The selection of the final landfill site, however, requires further field research.

  17. A GIS-BASED MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION SYSTEM FOR SELECTION OF LANDFILL SITES: a case study from Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

    Issa, S. M.; Shehhi, B. Al

    2012-07-01

    Landfill sites receive 92% of total annual solid waste produced by municipalities in the emirate of Abu Dhabi. In this study, candidate sites for an appropriate landfill location for the Abu Dhabi municipal area are determined by integrating geographic information systems (GIS) and multi-criteria evaluation (MCE) analysis. To identify appropriate landfill sites, eight input map layers including proximity to urban areas, proximity to wells and water table depth, geology and topography, proximity to touristic and archeological sites, distance from roads network, distance from drainage networks, and land slope are used in constraint mapping. A final map was generated which identified potential areas showing suitability for the location of the landfill site. Results revealed that 30% of the study area was identified as highly suitable, 25% as suitable, and 45% as unsuitable. The selection of the final landfill site, however, requires further field research.

  18. Infant Feeding Practices of Emirati Women in the Rapidly Developing City of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

    Gardner, Hazel; Green, Katherine; Gardner, Andrew

    2015-09-01

    Rapid economic and cultural transition in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has been accompanied by new challenges to public health; most notably a rapid rise in chronic disease. Breastfeeding is known to improve health outcomes in adulthood, is associated with reduced risk of developing chronic disease, and is therefore an important public health issue for this rapidly increasing population. Factors associated with infant feeding practices were examined in a cohort of 125 Emirati women and their infants, with data collected at birth and 3, 6 and 15 months postpartum by questionnaires and interviews. Participants were recruited in the Corniche Hospital, the main maternity hospital in the city of Abu Dhabi. Factors affecting the duration of breastfeeding and the introduction of complementary foods were investigated using univariate and multivariate statistics. Recommended infant feeding practices, such as exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life and timely introduction of appropriate complementary foods, were poorly adhered to. Factors implicated in early cessation of breastfeeding included: time to first breastfeed, mother's education level, employment status and early introduction of complementary foods. PMID:26404348

  19. Infant Feeding Practices of Emirati Women in the Rapidly Developing City of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

    Hazel Gardner

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Rapid economic and cultural transition in the United Arab Emirates (UAE has been accompanied by new challenges to public health; most notably a rapid rise in chronic disease. Breastfeeding is known to improve health outcomes in adulthood, is associated with reduced risk of developing chronic disease, and is therefore an important public health issue for this rapidly increasing population. Factors associated with infant feeding practices were examined in a cohort of 125 Emirati women and their infants, with data collected at birth and 3, 6 and 15 months postpartum by questionnaires and interviews. Participants were recruited in the Corniche Hospital, the main maternity hospital in the city of Abu Dhabi. Factors affecting the duration of breastfeeding and the introduction of complementary foods were investigated using univariate and multivariate statistics. Recommended infant feeding practices, such as exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life and timely introduction of appropriate complementary foods, were poorly adhered to. Factors implicated in early cessation of breastfeeding included: time to first breastfeed, mother’s education level, employment status and early introduction of complementary foods.

  20. Impact of stylolitization on diagenesis of a Lower Cretaceous carbonate reservoir from a giant oilfield, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

    Paganoni, Matteo; Al Harthi, Amena; Morad, Daniel; Morad, Sadoon; Ceriani, Andrea; Mansurbeg, Howri; Al Suwaidi, Aisha; Al-Aasm, Ihsan S.; Ehrenberg, Stephen N.; Sirat, Manhal

    2016-04-01

    Bed-parallel stylolites are a widespread diagenetic feature in Lower Cretaceous limestone reservoirs, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Diagenetic calcite, dolomite, kaolin and small amounts of pyrite, fluorite, anhydrite and sphalerite occur along and in the vicinity of the stylolites. Petrographic observations, negative δ18OVPDB, fluid inclusion microthermometry, and enrichment in 87Sr suggest that these cements have precipitated from hot basinal brines, which migrated along the stylolites and genetically related microfractures (tension gashes). Fluid migration was presumably related to lateral tectonic compression events related to the foreland basin formation. The low solubility of Al3 + in formation waters suggests that kaolin precipitation was linked to derivation of organic acids during organic matter maturation, probably in siliciclastic source rocks. The mass released from stylolitization was presumably re-precipitated as macro- and microcrystalline calcite cement in the host limestones. The flanks of the oilfield (water zone) display more frequent presence and higher amplitude of stylolites, lower porosity and permeability, higher homogenization temperatures and more radiogenic composition of carbonates compared to the crest (oil zone). This indicates that oil emplacement retards diagenesis. This study demonstrates that stylolitization plays a crucial role in fluid flow and diagenesis of carbonate reservoirs during basin evolution.

  1. Estimation of seismic attenuation in carbonate rocks using three different methods: Application on VSP data from Abu Dhabi oilfield

    Bouchaala, F.; Ali, M. Y.; Matsushima, J.

    2016-06-01

    In this study a relationship between the seismic wavelength and the scale of heterogeneity in the propagating medium has been examined. The relationship estimates the size of heterogeneity that significantly affects the wave propagation at a specific frequency, and enables a decrease in the calculation time of wave scattering estimation. The relationship was applied in analyzing synthetic and Vertical Seismic Profiling (VSP) data obtained from an onshore oilfield in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. Prior to estimation of the attenuation, a robust processing workflow was applied to both synthetic and recorded data to increase the Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR). Two conventional methods of spectral ratio and centroid frequency shift methods were applied to estimate the attenuation from the extracted seismic waveforms in addition to a new method based on seismic interferometry. The attenuation profiles derived from the three approaches demonstrated similar variation, however the interferometry method resulted in greater depth resolution, differences in attenuation magnitude. Furthermore, the attenuation profiles revealed significant contribution of scattering on seismic wave attenuation. The results obtained from the seismic interferometry method revealed estimated scattering attenuation ranges from 0 to 0.1 and estimated intrinsic attenuation can reach 0.2. The subsurface of the studied zones is known to be highly porous and permeable, which suggest that the mechanism of the intrinsic attenuation is probably the interactions between pore fluids and solids.

  2. Antibiotic susceptibility profile of Aeromonas spp. isolates from food in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.

    Awan, Mohammad Bashir; Maqbool, Ahmed; Bari, Abdul; Krovacek, Karel

    2009-01-01

    A total of 57 Aeromonas isolates from food samples such as fresh and frozen chicken, game birds, pasteurized milk, baby food, bakery products, fruit and vegetables, fish, and water from Abu Dahbi, UAE were investigated for antibiotic susceptibility profile. Most strains were resistant to penicillins (ticarcillin, mezlocillin, oxacillin, piperacillin), sulfamethoxazole, trimethoprim and macrolides (erythromycin, vancomycin, clindamycin) but sensitive to tetracycline, chloramphenicol, nitrofurantoin, aminoglycosides (amikacin, gentamicin, tobramycin), cephalosporins (cefuroxime, ceftrioxone, cefazolin, cephalexin, cephalothin, cefoxitin, cefotaxime), quinolone (ciprofloxacin), colistin sulphate and SXT (trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole). On the other hand, many antibiotics showed excellent inhibitory activity (>75% strains were sensitive to them) against all the strains tested. These include cefuroxime, ceftrioxone, ciprofloxacin, colistin, amikacin, gentamicin, tetracycline, chloramphenicol, nitrofurantoin, cefotaxime and tobramycin. In conclusion, the results show a detailed pattern of sensitivity of the various Aeromonas spp. isolates to a variety of antibiotics and provide useful information in the context of selective isolation and phenotypic identification of the aeromonads from food. PMID:19382665

  3. Renewable Energy Policies in the Gulf countries: A case study of the carbon-neutral 'Masdar City' in Abu Dhabi

    Reiche, Danyel, E-mail: dr09@aub.edu.l [Department of Political Studies and Public Administration (PSPA), American University of Beirut, Jesup Hall, Room 205, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El Solh, Beirut 1107 2020 (Lebanon); Wuppertal Institute (Germany)

    2010-01-15

    The Gulf countries are largely dependent on exporting oil and natural gas for their national budgets. They mainly use domestic fossil fuels for their domestic energy supply. In spite of favorable geographic conditions, especially for solar energy, renewable energies are still a niche application. Abu Dhabi, besides Dubai, the most important emirate in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), has now started a process of 'transforming oil wealth into renewable energy leadership,' and has set the long-term goal of a 'transition from a 20th Century, carbon-based economy into a 21st Century sustainable economy.' This article is a case study about 'Masdar City,' a planned carbon-neutral town in Abu Dhabi. The article describes the key characteristics of Masdar City, analyses the drivers behind the project, identifies the main actors for its implementation, and seeks obstacles to creation and development as well as the policy behind Masdar City. Finally, a first judgment of possible diffusion effects of the project is done.

  4. Renewable energy policies in the Gulf countries. A case study of the carbon-neutral 'Masdar City' in Abu Dhabi

    Reiche, Danyel [Department of Political Studies and Public Administration (PSPA), American University of Beirut, Jesup Hall, Room 205, P.O. Box 11-0236, Riad El Solh, Beirut 1107 2020 (Lebanon); Wuppertal Institute (Germany)

    2010-01-15

    The Gulf countries are largely dependent on exporting oil and natural gas for their national budgets. They mainly use domestic fossil fuels for their domestic energy supply. In spite of favorable geographic conditions, especially for solar energy, renewable energies are still a niche application. Abu Dhabi, besides Dubai, the most important emirate in the United Arab Emirates (UAE), has now started a process of 'transforming oil wealth into renewable energy leadership', and has set the long-term goal of a 'transition from a 20th Century, carbon-based economy into a 21st Century sustainable economy'. This article is a case study about 'Masdar City', a planned carbon-neutral town in Abu Dhabi. The article describes the key characteristics of Masdar City, analyses the drivers behind the project, identifies the main actors for its implementation, and seeks obstacles to creation and development as well as the policy behind Masdar City. Finally, a first judgment of possible diffusion effects of the project is done. (author)

  5. SCADA系统在阿布扎比原油管线项目中的应用%Application of SCADA system in Abu Dhabi crude oil project

    于波; 言伯祥

    2013-01-01

    The SCADA system is widely used in long-distance pipeline technology.This paper mainly introduces the application of SCADA system in Abu Dhabi crude oil pipeline project,including its composition,network structure,hardware configuration and function.And it takes MPS as an example to introduce the realization of SCADA system in main pump station.%  SCADA系统广泛应用于长输管道输送工艺。本文主要介绍SCADA系统在阿布扎比原油管线项目中的应用,包括SCADA系统的组成、网络结构、硬件配置和系统所实现的功能;并以首站为例,阐述SCADA系统在站场中的实现。

  6. Converting the organic fraction of solid waste from the city of Abu Dhabi to valuable products via dark fermentation--Economic and energy assessment.

    Bonk, Fabian; Bastidas-Oyanedel, Juan-Rodrigo; Schmidt, Jens Ejbye

    2015-06-01

    Landfilling the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) leads to greenhouse gas emissions and loss of valuable resources. Sustainable and cost efficient solutions need to be developed to solve this problem. This study evaluates the feasibility of using dark fermentation (DF) to convert the OFMSW to volatile fatty acids (VFAs), fertilizer and H2. The VFAs in the DF effluent can be used directly as substrate for subsequent bioprocesses or purified from the effluent for industrial use. DF of the OFMSW in Abu Dhabi will be economically sustainable once VFA purification can be accomplished on large scale for less than 15USD/m(3)(effluent). With a VFA minimum selling price of 330 USD/tCOD, DF provides a competitive carbon source to sugar. Furthermore, DF is likely to use less energy than conventional processes that produce VFAs, fertilizer and H2. This makes DF of OFMSW a promising waste treatment technology and biorefinery platform. PMID:25840736

  7. Converting the organic fraction of solid waste from the city of Abu Dhabi to valuable products via dark fermentation – Economic and energy assessment

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted - Highlights: • The cost and energy demand for dark fermentation using OFMSW were established. • Dark fermentation using OFMSW can produce a carbon source for bioprocesses of about 330 USD/tCOD. • A maximum purification cost of VFAs from dark fermentation using OFMSW was established to 15 USD/m3. • Replacing fossil fuel based products by dark fermentation will probably lead to net energy savings. - Abstract: Landfilling the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) leads to greenhouse gas emissions and loss of valuable resources. Sustainable and cost efficient solutions need to be developed to solve this problem. This study evaluates the feasibility of using dark fermentation (DF) to convert the OFMSW to volatile fatty acids (VFAs), fertilizer and H2. The VFAs in the DF effluent can be used directly as substrate for subsequent bioprocesses or purified from the effluent for industrial use. DF of the OFMSW in Abu Dhabi will be economically sustainable once VFA purification can be accomplished on large scale for less than 15 USD/m3effluent. With a VFA minimum selling price of 330 USD/tCOD, DF provides a competitive carbon source to sugar. Furthermore, DF is likely to use less energy than conventional processes that produce VFAs, fertilizer and H2. This makes DF of OFMSW a promising waste treatment technology and biorefinery platform

  8. Converting the organic fraction of solid waste from the city of Abu Dhabi to valuable products via dark fermentation – Economic and energy assessment

    Bonk, Fabian, E-mail: fbonk@masdar.ac.ae; Bastidas-Oyanedel, Juan-Rodrigo, E-mail: jbastidas@masdar.ac.ae; Schmidt, Jens Ejbye, E-mail: jschmidt@masdar.ac.ae

    2015-06-15

    Graphical abstract: Display Omitted - Highlights: • The cost and energy demand for dark fermentation using OFMSW were established. • Dark fermentation using OFMSW can produce a carbon source for bioprocesses of about 330 USD/t{sub COD}. • A maximum purification cost of VFAs from dark fermentation using OFMSW was established to 15 USD/m{sup 3}. • Replacing fossil fuel based products by dark fermentation will probably lead to net energy savings. - Abstract: Landfilling the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) leads to greenhouse gas emissions and loss of valuable resources. Sustainable and cost efficient solutions need to be developed to solve this problem. This study evaluates the feasibility of using dark fermentation (DF) to convert the OFMSW to volatile fatty acids (VFAs), fertilizer and H{sub 2}. The VFAs in the DF effluent can be used directly as substrate for subsequent bioprocesses or purified from the effluent for industrial use. DF of the OFMSW in Abu Dhabi will be economically sustainable once VFA purification can be accomplished on large scale for less than 15 USD/m{sup 3}{sub effluent}. With a VFA minimum selling price of 330 USD/t{sub COD}, DF provides a competitive carbon source to sugar. Furthermore, DF is likely to use less energy than conventional processes that produce VFAs, fertilizer and H{sub 2}. This makes DF of OFMSW a promising waste treatment technology and biorefinery platform.

  9. The Saadyital Island cultural district in Abu Dhabi

    Al Hamad, Hamed; Jaffry, Shabbar Abbas; Apostolakis, Alexandros

    2014-01-01

    The concept of cultural quarters or districts is based on the seminal work by Jacobs (1970), Marshall (1920) and Schumpeter (1934). The concept, developed in the back of economic geography context (Monk and Monk 2007), has received considerable attention and has grown exponentially in terms of popularity. Essentially, cluster (or geographical district) formation and emergence can be attributed to the emphasis placed on the encouragement of industrial clusters in early 1950s as a response to d...

  10. Abrasive Blasting Unit (ABU) - 16270

    NUKEM Technologies was contracted to supply a dry, automated drum belt (tumbling) Abrasive Blasting Unit (ABU) to the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission in Ispra, Italy. The ABU was installed in the centralised radioactive waste management area of the JRC-Ispra site in Italy. The unit is to be employed for the decontamination to clearance levels of slightly contaminated metal components and, where practical, concrete or heavy concrete (density ∼3200 kg/m3) blocks arising from the dismantling of nuclear facilities. The presentation is based on the successful construction and installation of the ABU at the JRC Ispra site. Among the several possibilities of adapting conventional abrasive units to nuclear applications, an automatic tumbling machine was preferred, due to the larger output and (mainly) for the ease of operation, with minimum direct handling of contaminated material by operators, thus satisfying the ALARA principle. Consideration was also given to Belgoprocess' successful experience with a predecessor, similar unit. After adequate size reduction batches of up to about 800 kg of material to be decontaminated are automatically introduced into the blasting chamber. Pieces between 100 mm and 800 mm long, between 100 mm and 500 mm wide and between 5 mm and 300 mm high can be effectively treated in the unit, the maximum weight of a single piece being limited to 100 kg. Short lengths of pipe may be included; the final dimensions of pipe to be decontaminated will be established during the nuclear commissioning tests. Other components with hard-to-reach surfaces may also be included. The content of the chamber is tumbled by two bladed drums, while sharp steel grit is sprayed onto the contaminated components, thus removing the surface layer including any contamination. From experience, 30 minutes of treatment is sufficient to remove contamination to levels below expected clearance levels for most materials. The decontaminated components are removed

  11. Electricity and water for life in the desert - Al Taweelah Power Station in Abu Dhabi; Strom und Wasser fuer das Leben in der Wueste. Das Kraftwerk Al Taweelah in Abu Dhabi

    Silbermann, G. [ABB Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates); Koerdt, R. [ABB Kraftwerke AG, Mannheim (Germany)

    1998-10-01

    Al Taeelah Power Station comprises a power plant section with six units and a desalination section also with six lines. Daily, the plant can supply about 17.5 million kWh of electricity and about 350 000 m{sup 3} of drinking water. This paper describes, in addition to the installation of the plant, the project management, ten partner companies with their numerous suppliers and subcontractors had to co-ordinate their plans precisely with each other. From June 1996, the six units were commissioned with an interval of one to two months between each. The entire plant is currently operating in the guarantee period. It has fulfilled the expectations of the client. (orig.) [Deutsch] Das Kraftwerk Al Taweelah besteht aus einem Kraftwerksteil mit 6 Bloecken und einem Entsalzungsteil mit ebenfalls 6 Strassen. Die Anlage kann taeglich rund 17,5 Mill. kWh Strom und etwa 350 000 m{sup 3} Trinkwasser liefern. Der Beitrag beschreibt neben dem Aufbau der Anlage das Projektmanagement. 10 Partnerfirmen mit ihren zahlreichen Zulieferern und Subunternehmen mussten ihre Planungen exakt aufeinander abstimmen. Die 6 Bloecke gingen seit Juni 1996 mit einem Abstand von 1 bis 2 Monaten nacheinander in Betrieb. Die Gesamtanlage befindet sich zur Zeit im Garantiebetrieb. Sie hat die Erwartungen des Kunden erfuellt. (orig.)

  12. Lived Experiences of Female Undergraduate Students, at a Nursing College in Abu Dhabi, about Nursing as a Profession

    Hantash, Dania Abu; Van Belkum, Corrien

    2016-01-01

    Aim: To explore the lived experiences of female undergraduate nursing students about nursing as a profession and the circumstances that have influenced their experience. Introduction: Nursing as a profession is a relatively new practice, and thus in the developmental stage, in the UAE. The number of national students (Emirati) who enrol in the…

  13. Design multiperiod optimization model for the electricity sector under uncertainty – A case study of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi

    Highlights: • Generic and novel multiperiod stochastic model is developed for UAE power sector. • The presented model is formulated as a mixed-integer linear programing problem. • Power infrastructure over 25 years is outlined under natural gas price uncertainty. • Low electricity prices and better social and environmental benefits were obtained. - Abstract: In this study, a multiperiod model that considers uncertainty in the gas feedstock fuel price is developed for the optimal design of electric power systems. The optimization problem was formulated as a multiperiod stochastic programming model using the GAMS® modeling system. Previous studies have analyzed the United Arab Emirates’ (UAE) power infrastructure either using a deterministic point of view or simulation tools (e.g., MESSAGE and MARKAL). These previous research has demonstrated that natural gas will remain playing a significant role as key feedstock fuel in the UAE’s power sector. However, the present work is designed to be the first to consider different supply options for the natural gas feedstock (i.e., domestic, pipeline imports, and LNG imports) and electricity imports in the UAE power sector. Moreover, the natural gas supply and electricity import options are considered to be decision variables in the problem’s formulation. Additionally, the considered case studies assumed a realistically existing power infrastructure for the UAE, whereas previous works considered the planning of the UAE power infrastructure as a Greenfield project. Also, to the authors’ knowledge this is the first work to consider a robust optimization model for planning the UAE power infrastructure under uncertainty in the long term horizon. The model was used to study the planning of the power plant infrastructure in the UAE between 2015 and 2040 under uncertainty in the natural gas price. The optimization results show that the model is a valuable tool for planning the optimal power plant infrastructure of the country, reducing levelized electricity costs, and mitigating social and environmental damages

  14. A review of the water and energy sectors and the use of a nexus approach in Abu Dhabi

    Paul, Parneet; Al Tenaiji, Ameena Kulaib; Braimah, Nuhu

    2016-01-01

    Rapid population increase coupled with urbanization and industrialization has resulted in shortages of water in the Middle East. This situation is further exacerbated by global climate change due to greenhouse gas emissions. Recent research advocates that solutions to the global water security and scarcity crisis must involve water–energy nexus approaches. This means adopting policies and strategies that harmonize these inter-related sectors to minimize environmental impact while maximizing h...

  15. 75 FR 66360 - Transportation and Energy Products and Services Trade Mission; Doha, Qatar, and Abu Dhabi and...

    2010-10-28

    ... products and services to a fast growing market. The 2009 GDP for the U.A.E. was $231.3 billion and the 2009.... have continued their long-term trade and investment relationship. Exports between both countries have... investment relationship. The U.A.E. has become the regional leader in the Middle East in terms of openness...

  16. THE YARMOUKIAN POTTERY ASSEMBLAGE OF TELL ABU SUWWAN, JORDAN

    Al Nahar, Maysoon; Kafafi, Zeidan

    2015-01-01

    The archaeological excavations conducted at the site Tell Abu Suwwan indicated that it was continuously occupied during two main periods from the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B through the Pottery Neolithic (Yarmoukian). The main focus of this paper is to study the pottery assemblage encountered in the Yarmoukian strata at Abu Tell Suwwan. Excavations at Tell Abu Suwwan in 2005 - 2008 yielded a total of 488 pieces of Yarmoukian pottery. The sample under study includes 86 Yarmoukian pottery sh...

  17. Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd as a Modern Muslim Thinker

    NUR ZAINATUL NADRA ZAINOL

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd is a thinker who has produced works in the fields of theology, philosophy, law, politics and humanities. Abu Zayd’s thought, partly on the Quran and its hermeneutics has stirred controversy in Egypt and the Muslim world. This research focuses on the controversy surrounding Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd which led to the declaration of his apostasy by the Supreme Court of Egypt in 1995, as well as his controversial thoughts on the Quran, its method of exegesis and certain fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence issues such as the hijab (veil and polygamy. This paper serves as a literature review which employs the content analysis as a methodology to elaborate on Abu Zayd’s controversial thoughts based on his books, as well as through the views of Muslim and Western scholars on those thoughts.

  18. Kajian Kuat Tekan Bebas pada Tanah Lempung yang Distabilisasi dengan Gypsum dan Abu Ampas Tebu

    Gultom, Deddy Jhon Jonatan

    2015-01-01

    Stabilisasi tanah sering sekali digunakan dalam proyek konstruksi guna memperbaiki struktural tanah di lapangan. Proses stabilisasi tanah tersebut dapat dilakukan dengan cara mencampurkan bahan stabilisator sepertigypsum, semen, bitumen, dan bahan-bahan olahan limbah pabrik seperti abu ampas tebu, abu sekam padi, abu cangkang sawit. Penelitian ini meneliti suatu proses stabilisasi tanah dengan menggunakan bahan campuran gypsum yang telah ditetapkan kadarnya sebesar 2% dan abu ampas tebu y...

  19. Abu Kamil algèbre et analyse diophantienne

    Rashed, Roshdi

    2012-01-01

    The mathematical wrks of Abu Kamil (floruit circa 880) were produced two generations after the works of Al-Khwarizmi, the founder of algebra. They opened up fields of research that proved fertile up until the seventeenth century, and were soon to become both a reference and a model. Their influence was decisive on the development of algebra in Arabic no less than in Latin and Hebrew. There will be found in the present publication the first rigorously critical edition of Abu Kamil s works, as well as the first ever translation into a modern language.Text and translation are preceded by an exhau

  20. Perkembangan Teater di Bali melalui Sosok Dramawan Abu Bakar

    I Nyoman Darma Putra

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractA Western-style of theatre has developed in Bali since the turnof the twentieth century, but it has rarely attracted scholarly attention. Studies on the performing arts in Bali have mainly focused on Balinese (traditional dance and drama. This should come as no surprise given that Balinese dance and drama have developed as a broad and inseparable part of Balinese custom and religious practice. Against this phenomena, this article traces the development of Western-style theatre in Bali through the artistic activities of the prominent playwright, performer and director, Abu Bakar. From the 1960s until the present, Abu Bakar has been an active promoter of Westernsty letheatre in Bali as well as in the main cities of Java andeven in Singapore. He has also has helped students and theatre groups around Bali to study and perform theatre. Initially, Abu Bakar established his own theatre group, Poliklinik, which hascontinued to stage performances as well as collaborating with young people or student theatre study clubs. His extensiverecord of artistic activity has been recorded in newspaper reports and reviews and these form the main source of documentation in this article. By examining qualitative data collected from newspaper archives and interviews, including with Abu Bakar, this article proposes a contemporary historyof theatre or modern drama in Bali.

  1. Pemanfaatan Limbah Abu Terbang Sebagai Penguat Aluminium Matrix Composite

    Subarmono Subarmono

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to utilize fly ash which is obtained from waste of combustion of coal in steam power plant as a reinforcement of aluminum matrix composite (AMC. The amounts of fly ash of 2.5%, 5%, 7.5% and 10% wt were added to fine aluminum powder (dimension of particles are smaller than 40 µm. Each composition was mixed using a rotary mixer for 3 hr. The mixture was uniaxially pressed and it was followed by isostatic compaction with a pressure of 100 MPa to produce green bodies. They was pressureless sintered in argon atmosphere at various temperatures of 500°C, 525°C, 550°C, 575°C and 600ºC. Bending strength, Vickers hardness, wear resistance, density of the AMC were tested, and the microstructures were observed using SEM. The results show that the mechanical properties increase with increasing the fly ash content up to 5% wt. The bending strength, hardness, porosity and wear rate are 74 MPa, 66 VHN, 4.5% and 0.04 mg/(MPa.m, respectively. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memanfaatkan abu terbang sebagai penguat komposit bermatrik aluminium (AMC. Abu terbang merupakan limbah pembakaran batu bara pada pembangkit listrik tenaga uap. Abu terbang sejumlah 2,5%; 5%; 7,5% dan 10% berat dicampur dengan serbuk aluminium (ukuran serbuk lebih kesil dari 40 µm. Setiap campuran diaduk menggunakan rotay mixer selama 3 jam. Campuran aluminum dan abu terbang dikompaksi secara uniaksial dilanjutkan kompaksi secara isostatik dengan tekanan 100 MPa dan diikuti sintering tanpa tekanan dengan lingkungan gas argon dan variasi temperatur 500°C, 525°C, 550°C, 575°C dan 600°C. Kekuatan bending, kekerasan Vickers, ketahanan aus dan densitas komposit diuji serta struktur mikro diamati menggunakan SEM. Hasil pengujian menunjukkan bahwa sifat mekanis meningkat seiring dengan peningkatan fraksi berat abu terbang sampai 5% berat, selebihnya terjadi penurunan. Kekuatam bending, kekerasan Vickers, porositas dan laju keausan berturut

  2. Literacy and You in a Digital Age. ICEM-CIME 2009 Conference (Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, October 6-8, 2009)

    McTaggart, Alex, Comp.

    2009-01-01

    International Council for Educational Media-Conseil International des Medias Educatifs (ICEM-CIME) brings together experts from the fields of education, media, IT, and educational media production. Since its formation in 1950, the organization has witnessed and contributed to educational media in an international forum. The 2009 ICEM conference…

  3. Jebel Hafit and the Al Ain oases (Eastern Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates): an integrative approach of a cultural landscape through the scope of geodiversity

    Giusti, Christian; Louchet, André; Beuzen-Waller, Tara; Ragala, Rachid; Pavlopoulos, Kosmas; Fouache, Éric; Cohen, Marianne; Desruelles, Stéphane; Gramond, Delphine

    2015-04-01

    As it can be seen on satellite images, geological, and geomorphological maps, the Jebel Hafit and its foothills are a rare example of landforms developed at the transition between a compressive area in the east, i.e. the Northern Oman Mountains, and a stable cratonic platform in the west, i.e. the Arabic Platform which, from a structural point of view, represents the foreland of the previous folded domain. The mountains of Jebel Hafit formed in response to two main orogenic events in Late Cretaceous (obduction of Semail Ophiolite and associated rocks) and in the Late Eocene to Miocene (formation of foreland folds). Concerning the environment, landforms of the Jebel Hafit appears today under extreme arid climatic conditions. But, as it is evidenced by the density and variety of archaeological remains that have led to the inscription of the sites on the World Heritage List, the situation was different yesterday. It is well known that desert have changed through time, so present conditions may not necessarily be those that have moulded desert surface. This is particularly clear when we travel back by the thought from present to a more or less distant period in the past. It is therefore legitimate to study the biophysical remnants of paleo-environments, which accompany the development of human settlements and the increasing impact of societies on the environment. A particular challenge will be to discriminate clearly the effect of the active present-day climatic-driven processes (such as thermal fatigue weathering, salt weathering, wind corrasion, sporadic flooding…) and those of prehistoric times, which requires a geoarchaeological and paleoenvironmental approach of the Holocene as a whole and also before (Late Pleistocene). An important point not to be forgotten is that severe rainstorms happen on the area only at a highly variable temporal scale, especially hurricanes coming from the Indian Ocean and that may travel west of the Oman Mountains. At the level of human settlements and occupation, it is possible to characterize a threefold transition: first, the former transition between the pre-Islamic prehistoric societies and the development of Muslim societies; second, the more recent transition between the traditional historical society (farmers) and the contemporary society, characterized by the growth of urbanization, the creation of modern transport infrastructure and the concomitant growth of tourist flows; third, the current transition between the yesterday and tomorrow Al Ain City, due to the transformation of a local town centred on national economics all along the second half of the twentieth century, into an international town more open to the wider world with the management of a possible increased 20 % of tourist flow because of the inscription of Cultural Sites of Al Ain on the UNESCO's World Heritage List. It is not possible to completely ignore the fact that the Jebel Hafit and its foothills are partly crossed by an international boundary. In case of political tensions, this may cause some difficulties for the management of this territory, with contradictory requirements between security, tourism, traditional land use, and scientific research.

  4. Planning and designing urban places in response to climate and local culture: A case study of Mussafah District in Abu Dhabi

    Bajić-Brković Milica; Milaković Mira

    2011-01-01

    This paper deals with how climate and local culture specifics contribute to urban diversity, and how they affect the way urban spaces are being conceived, planned and designed. The authors argue that regardless of the globally accepted principles of sustainability which emphasize smart responses, diversity and culture as the prime drives in urban development of, cities around the world are continually experiencing the all-alike solutions, which often compromise their identity and charac...

  5. Opening Address [International Conference on Human Resource Development for Introducing and Expanding Nuclear Power Programmes, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates), 14-18 March 2010

    Full text: It is a pleasure for me to open this IAEA conference on Human Resource Development for Introducing and Expanding Nuclear Power Programmes. I am very grateful to the Government of the United Arab Emirates for hosting this important event. As you know, the world is witnessing a resurgence of interest in nuclear power. The IAEA has projects on introducing nuclear power with no fewer than 58 of our Member States. We expect between 10 and 25 new countries to bring their first nuclear power plants on line by 2030. These are momentous changes. However, some countries are concerned about a possible shortage of skilled professionals in the nuclear field in the coming decades. The generation of professionals who built and led the nuclear power industry for much of the past 50 years is approaching retirement and in some countries not enough students are coming up through the educational system to take their place. Naturally, we, at the IAEA, want to do all we can to help Member States address this issue. That is why we have organized this conference. The situation is different in each country. For countries with expanding nuclear power programmes, the challenge is to scale up their existing education and training in order to have the required qualified workforce on time. Countries planning to supply nuclear technology to others must not only meet their national human resource needs, but also be able to transfer education and training capacity together with the technology they provide. Finally, countries embarking on nuclear power cannot become too dependent on their technology supplier and need to develop their own home grown expertise and skills base. The IAEA would be happy to help interested States to formulate country specific policies on human resource development, education, training and knowledge management in support of nuclear power programmes. We could also help countries make better use of training facilities, research reactors and other educational infrastructure. We could play a role in ensuring high standards for nuclear education and training and establish a framework for countries to recognize each other's educational qualifications. I look forward to hearing the ideas of this very knowledgeable and distinguished audience and wish you every success with the conference. (author)

  6. Abréviations utilisées

    2013-01-01

    ADFAED = Abu Dhabi Fund for Arab Economic Development = FADDEA ADMA = Abu Dhabi Marine Areas ADNOC = Abu Dhabi National Oil Company ADPC = Abu Dhabi Petroleum Company ALBA = Aluminium of Bahrain AMINOIL = American Independant Oil Company AMPTC = Arab Marine Petroleum Transport Company AOC = Arabian Oil Company APOC = Anglo-Persian Oil Company ARAMCO = Arabian American Oil Company ASRY = Arab Shipping and Repair Yard Company ATUC = Aden Trade Union Congress BAD = Banque africaine de développem...

  7. Introduction of an Emergency Response Plan for flood loading of Sultan Abu Bakar Dam in Malaysia

    Said, N. F. Md; Sidek, L. M.; Basri, H.; Muda, R. S.; Razad, A. Z. Abdul

    2016-03-01

    Sultan Abu Bakar Dam Emergency Response Plan (ERP) is designed to assist employees for identifying, monitoring, responding and mitigation dam safety emergencies. This paper is outlined to identification of an organization chart, responsibility for emergency management team and triggering level in Sultan Abu Bakar Dam ERP. ERP is a plan that guides responsibilities for proper operation of Sultan Abu Bakar Dam in respond to emergency incidents affecting the dam. Based on this study four major responsibilities are needed for Abu Bakar Dam owing to protect any probable risk for downstream which they can be Incident Commander, Deputy Incident Commander, On-Scene Commander, Civil Engineer. In conclusion, having organization charts based on ERP studies can be helpful for decreasing the probable risks in any projects such as Abu Bakar Dam and it is a way to identify and suspected and actual dam safety emergencies.

  8. Countering the lingering threat of the Abu Sayyaf group

    Cohn, Stephen C.

    2007-01-01

    This thesis will argue that the most effective strategy for eradicating the U.S. designated Foreign Terrorist Organization, the Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG), is to bolster the current peace talks between the Republic of the Philippines and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF). The MILF has been providing support and sanctuary to the ASG which has hindered U.S.-Philippine counter-terror operations. This thesis will explain why a shift in U.S.-Philippine strategy is required by examining what...

  9. 78 FR 40545 - Designation of Abd Al-Ra'Ouf Abu Zaid Mohamed Hamza, also known as Abdul Rauf Abuzaid, also known...

    2013-07-05

    ... Designation of Abd Al-Ra'Ouf Abu Zaid Mohamed Hamza, also known as Abdul Rauf Abuzaid, also known as Abdel... Mohamed Hamza, also known as Abdul Rauf Abuzaid, also known as Abdel Raouf Abu Zayid Hamza, also known as... Abu Zaid Mohamed, also known as Abd-al-Ra'uf Abu Zayd Muhammad Hamza, also known as Abdul Raouf...

  10. STUDI PENGGUNAAN KATALIS ABU SABUT KELAPA, ABU TANDAN SAWIT DAN K2CO3 UNTUK KONVERSI MINYAK JARAK MENJADI BIODIESEL

    Husni Husin

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available A STUDY ON THE UTILIZATION OF OIL PALM FIBRE AND FRUIT BUNCH ASH AND K2CO3 FOR CATALYTIC CONVERSION OF JATHROPA OIL TO BIODIESEL. Study on the use of coconut fiber ash, palm bunch ash and K2CO3 as the catalysts for conversion of jatropha oil into biodiesel using methanol solvent has been done. The biodiesel is produced by converting unpurified jatropha oil over catalyst through transesterification reaction. The catalysts are burned at temperature of 500, 600, 800 and 900oC for 10 hours. Transesterification reaction is conducted in three-neck flask at constant temperature of 60oC for 3 hours. The results showed that the unburned and burned coconut fiber ashes at 800oC catalysts give the highest biodiesel yield (87.05 and 87.97% with low soap content (0.23-0.26%. The characteristic of biodiesel produced over those catalysts met the Indonesian and international quality standards, therefore those catalysts can be used as substitute for K2CO3 commercial catalyst.Abstrak   Studi penggunaan katalis abu sabut kelapa, abu tandan sawit dan K2CO3 untuk konversi minyak jarak menjadi biodiesel dengan pelarut metanol telah dilakukan. Biodiesel dibuat melalui konversi minyak jarak yang belum dimurnikan, menggunakan katalis, melalui reaksi transesterifikasi. Katalis-katalis tersebut dipijarkan pada temperatur 500, 600, 800 dan 900oC selama 10 jam. Reaksi dilangsungkan dalam labu leher tiga pada temperatur konstan 60oC selama 3 jam. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan penggunaan katalis abu sabut kelapa tanpa pemijaran dan dengan pemijaran pada 800oC memberikan perolehan biodiesel tertinggi (87,05 dan 87,97% dengan kadar sabun rendah (0,23-0,26%. Karakteristik biodiesel yang dihasilkan dari penggunaan katalis-katalis tersebut ini telah sesuai dengan syarat mutu yang ditetapkan oleh Standar Indonesia dan Internasional, sehingga katalis-katalis tersebut layak digunakan sebagai pengganti katalis K2CO3 komersial

  11. Abu Ghraib: Prisoner Abuse in the Light of Islamic and International Laws

    Syed Serajul Islam

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This study analyses the prisoner abuse at Abu Ghraib in the light of Islamic and International laws. Using documentary sources, the paper argues that Islamic law is far superior than the International law as enshrined in the Geneva Conventions and the United Nations Charter on the treatment of prisoners of war. It found the abuse of the prisoners at Abu Ghraib a routine operation carried out in obedience to orders issued by the higher authorities. The photographs portraying images of dehumanization in Abu Ghraib is unacceptable either in Islamic or international law.

  12. 241-SY-101 multi-functional instrument tree acceptance for beneficial use (ABU)

    This document formally demonstrates that the ABU process for the 241-SY-101 risers 17B and 17C Multi-functional Instrument Trees (MIT's) has been properly completed in accordance with the approved ABU checklists. For each item required on the ABU Checklist, a bibliography of the documentation prepared and released to satisfy the requirements is provided. Release of this documentation signifies that the tank farm Operations, Engineering, and Maintenance organizations have accepted responsibility for the MIT'S in 241-SY-101 Risers 17B and 17C

  13. Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd and the limits of reform in contemporary Islamic thought

    Oweidat, Nadia; Rogan, Eugene; Ramadan, Tariq

    2014-01-01

    This thesis examines in depth the thought and ideas of the Egyptian intellectual Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd as a representative of modernist Isalmic thought. In unpacking and analysingAbu Zayd’s ideas, this thesis focuses on five major issues: shari‘a, Islam and politics, the Arab-Islamic heritage, history, and the issue of women’s rights. This thesis argues that Abu Zayd’s thought suffers from some of the same weaknesses he attacked in traditional and Islamist thought. By focusing on...

  14. Petroleum maturation modelling, Abu Gabra Sharaf area, Muglad Basin, Sudan

    Mohamed, Abdalla Y.; Pearson, Michael J.; Ashcroft, William A.; Whiteman, A. J.

    2002-08-01

    Structural and maturation studies in the northwest of the Muglad Basin, Sudan showed a thick sedimentary section up to 9000 m in the deep sub-basins and an average of about 6000 m in the Sharaf-Abu Gabra Ridge. The isopach map of the Lower Cretaceous Abu Gabra-Sharaf formations, which contain source rocks, showed a thickness of sedimentary section between 2000 and 5000 m. The burial history showed high subsidence rates during the first rifting phase with relatively low subsidence rates during the following two phases in this part of the basin. Significant erosion of the sedimentary section occurred in the ridge area during Miocene and Cenomanian-Albian times. The geothermal gradients in the modelled wells range between 18 and 27.5 °C/km corresponding to the relatively wide range of present day heat flow of between 37 and 63 mW/m 2, averaging 50 mW/m 2. Heat flow history curves consistent with vitrinite reflectance data were adopted with elevated high heat flow (75 mW/m 2) during the first rifting phase followed by minor peaks (average 60 mW/m 2) during the second and the third rifting phases. Application of a kinetic vitrinite maturation model resulted in a present day oil window between 2000 and 4500 m. The source rock of the Abu Gabra (AG) and Sharaf (SH) formations, which has an average total organic carbon of 1.0% and hydrogen index (HI) of 280, was modelled for hydrocarbon generation. The section was divided into four layers; AG-1 (Albian), AG-2 (Aptian), SH-1 (Barremian) and SH-2 (Neocomian). Conditions for hydrocarbon generation are present throughout the Sharaf formation and in AG-2. The generation model suggests an average generation amount of 4 mgHC/g rock in the lower three modelled layers with a timing range between 120 Ma and the present. Total calculated oil volume is about 370 US billion bbls and the expected volume expelled and migrated (40%) is 150 US billion bbls. The total gas expelled and migrated (90%) is 1600 US trillion cu ft. Retention of

  15. The impact of Merowe Dam on Simulium hamedense vector of onchocerciasis in Abu Hamed focus - Northern Sudan

    Zarroug, Isam MA; Elaagip, Arwa H.; Abuelmaali, Sara A.; Hanan A. Mohamed; Wigdan A ElMubarak; Hashim, Kamal; Deran, Tong Chor M.; Aziz, Nabil; Tarig B Higazi

    2014-01-01

    Background Abu Hamed, the northernmost onchocerciasis focus in the world, is located along the River Nile banks in the Nubian Desert. Hydroelectric dams can alter activity of black flies and may provide breeding sites for black fly. Merowe Dam, the largest hydropower project in Africa, was built west of Abu Hamed focus in 2009. The impact of the Dam on onchocerciasis and its black fly vectors in Abu Hamed focus was measured in this study. Findings Entomological surveys for aquatic stages and ...

  16. DIALOG ANTAR-IMAN SEBAGAI RESOLUSI KONFLIK TAWARAN MOHAMMED ABU-NIMER

    Akhmad Rizqon Khamami

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Many are doubt about the roles of religion in maintaining peace, accusing it even as a source of conflicts. However, others attempt to prove that religion can become a peace keeper. In Islam, this idea comes from Mohammed Abu Nimer. This article examines Abu Nimer’s ideas of non-violence approaches to conflict resolution. It explores his non-violence initiatives in peace building and analyzes his arguments for conflict resolution and the necessity of interfaith dialogue. To him, interfaith dialogue is a medium through which world peace amongst religious communities can be established. It is only and through dialogue that people can avoid having hostilities and violent conflict in the name of religion. This article argues that Abu Nimer’s method can be classified into communicative pluralism that combines particularist views and universalist views. His approaches to peace building and conflict resolution feature unique concepts that differ from other interfaith activists. 

  17. SINTESIS SILIKA AEROGEL DENGAN BAHAN DASAR ABU BAGASSE

    Nazriati Nazriati

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available SYNTHESIS OF SILICA AEROGEL FROM BAGASSE ASH. Synthesis of silica aerogel from bagasse ash was done by alkaline extraction followed by sol-gel. Bagasse ash was extracted with NaOH at its boiling temperature for one hour with continue stirring, to produce sodium silicate. Subsequently, sodium silicate was pass through ionic exchanger resin, to produces silicic acid (SA. Silicic acid solution was then added with TMCS and HMDS as surface modifier agent. In order to form gel pH must be adjusted to final pH of 8-9 by addition of NH4OH solution. The resulting gel then was aged and dried at ambient pressure and at a certain time and temperature. Characterization of products was done by measuring its pore volume, surface area, and hydrophobisity (contact angle. TMCS serves as water expeller from the pores and subsequently surface was modified by HMDS and TMCS. HMDS content will linearly increase surface area, pore volume, and the contact angle of the resulting silica aerogel. Characteristics of silica aerogel was generated by varying the composition of the SA:TMCS:HMDS resulting has a surface area of 50-488 m2/g, pore volume from 0.2 to 0.9 m3 /g, the contact angle of 48-119 and pore diameter ranging from 5.7-22.56 nm. Based on the resulting pore diameter, the synthesized of silica aerogel categorized as mesoporous.      Abstrak   Sintesis silika aerogel dari bahan dasar abu bagasse dilakukan dengan ekstraksi basa dan diikuti dengan sol-gel. Abu bagasse diekstrak dengan NaOH pada suhu didihnya sambil diaduk selama satu jam, menghasilkan sodium silikat. Selanjutnya, sodium silikat dilewatkan resin penukar ion, menghasilkan asam silicic (SA. Larutan asam silicic kemudian ditambahkan trimethy­l­chlorosilane (TMCS dan hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS sebagai agen pemodifikasi permukaan. Untuk terjadinya gel pH diatur hingga mencapai 8-9 dengan penambahan larutan NH4OH. Gel yang dihasilkan kemudian di-aging dan dikeringkan pada tekanan ambien pada suhu dan

  18. The Theatre of Cruelty: Dehumanization, Objectification & Abu Ghraib

    Christiana Spens

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A clumsy pyramid of kneeling men, naked apart from the hoods over their heads, with a smiling, fair-headed woman and a grinning man with a moustache, wearing green cleaning gloves; a slight woman with a blank expression and a man on the floor, on a limp leash; a hooded, robed figure, standing on a box with his arms outstretched and a pose similar to the crucifixion, with sinister wires behind him, and otherwise blank surroundings.  A row of more hooded, naked men, forced to do sexual acts as a female prison guard (Lynndie England, tanned and wearing various shades of khaki, grins and does a thumbs up sign, pointing at him, her cigarette tilted and her expression not altogether different from Bonnie in 'Bonnie and Clyde. 'A man in uniform and a black beanie hat, sitting on an Iraqi prisoner. Another pyramid of naked detainees, with a man and women behind them, smiling arm in arm, as if they are standing by a caught wild boar or large fish, or a well-organised barbeque. The moustached man (Charles Graner, again smiling and giving a thumbs up sign, this time over a corpse, whose bloody eyes have been bandaged. A naked prisoner covering his ears, as several dogs bark at him, and soldiers watch on. Another prisoner chained to a bed-frame, with some underpants covering his face.  These infamous scenes, shown in the Abu Ghraib photographs, shocked many people, and the perpetrators of the torture depicted were condemned by the relevant authorities. They transformed from clandestine mementos of hidden violence to records of an international scandal and evidence of serious crime. Their meaning changed depending on who saw them, how they were interpreted, what reactions they provoked, and the rulings of the courts regarding the people involved. They went from being private victory shots, to an international public relations disaster, to evidence of breaking of the Geneva Convention.

  19. Partial Acceptance for Beneficial Use (ABU) for the Type 4 In Situ Vapor Sampler (ISVS) Carts

    This document provides the ''Partial'' Acceptance for Beneficial Use (ABU), for the Type 4 in-situ vapor sampler system (ISVS). This document is generated to support the completion of equipment modifications and engineering documentation for the ISVS system that is used for sampling gaseous vapors in the Hanford single shell radioactive waste storage tanks. The ABU is used to document the items required for transferring the ISVS system to operations for field use. This document is generated following Characterization Engineering Desk Instruction DI-CE-004-001

  20. Some dared call it torture: cultural resonance, Abu Ghraib, and a selectively echoing press

    C.M. Rowling; T.M. Jones; P. Sheets

    2011-01-01

    This study draws upon research on "indexing" and "cascading activation" to explore U.S. political and news discourse surrounding the Abu Ghraib prison scandal. Specifically, we systematically analyze White House, military, congressional, and news messages. In so doing, we incorporate scholarship on

  1. Reproductive Characteristics of Mullet (Liza abu H., 1843) (Pisces Mugilidae) in the Atatürk Dam Lake, Southeastern Turkey

    Şahinöz(2), Erdinç; Doğu, Zafer; Aral, Faruk; Şevik, Ramazan; ATAR, Hasan Hüseyin

    2011-01-01

    In this study reproductive biology of Liza abu (Pisces Mugilidae) from Atatürk Dam Lake in the Euphrates River Basin was observed. Some reproductive characteristics such as age, egg number, sexual determination, gonadosomatic index (GSI) of Liza abu (n=821) are taken into consideration. The relationship between total weight (Wt), and total length (Lt) and fecundity (F) were investigated during the period from January 2004 to December 2005. The ages of investigated fish ranged from 1 to 5....

  2. High resolution sequence stratigraphic analysis of the Late Miocene Abu Madi Formation, Northern Nile Delta Basin

    Sarhan, Mohammad Abdelfattah

    2015-12-01

    Abu Madi Formation represents the Upper Miocene Messinian age in the Nile Delta basin. It consists mainly of sandstones and shale intercalations and because of its richness in hydrocarbon, it has been subdivided by the petroleum companies into Level-I, Level-II and Level-III, respectively according to the increase in the sandstone to the shale ratio. The Miocene cycle in the northern subsurface section of the Nile Delta encompasses three main formations namely from the base; Sidi Salim formation, Qawasim Formation and Abu Madi Formation at the top. The high resolution sequence stratigraphic analysis, using gamma ray responses, has been done for the Late Miocene formation in the northern part of the Nile delta subsurface section. For this purpose, the gamma-ray logs of ten deep wells, arranged in four cross-sections trending in almost north-south direction throughout the northern region of the Nile Delta, were analyzed. The analysis has revealed that the interpreted 4th order depositional cycles within Abu Madi Formation display great variations in both number and gamma ray responses in each investigated well, and cannot be traced laterally, even in the nearest well. These variations in the interpreted 4th order depositional sequences could be attributed to the presence of normal faults buried in the inter-area laying between the investigated wells. This finding matches with the conclusion of that Abu Madi Formation represents a part of the Upper Miocene Nile Delta syn-rift megasequence, developed during the Upper Miocene rift phase of the Red Sea - Gulf of Suez province in Egypt. Accordingly, in the sequence stratigraphic approach, the depositional history of Abu Madi Formation was strongly overprinted by the tectonic controls rather than the relative sea-level changes which are assumed to be of a secondary influence. Regarding the hydrocarbon aspects of the Abu Madi Formation, the present work recommends to direct the drilling efforts into the stratigraphic traps

  3. Comunicación y territorialización. Extraños en Abu Ghraib

    Cristina Peñamarín

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo estudia los medios en los procesos de territorialización y de formación de “causas colectivas”, que mueven la acción política, en los discursos públicos durante la guerra de Irak y en las fotografías de Abu Ghraib. Para ello, analiza la transmisión de emociones colectivizadoras de acuerdo con las diferentes categorizaciones de los otros. The paper studies media in territory processes and the formation of "collective causes", that can move political action, in public discourses during Iraq war and in Abu Ghraib pictures. For this purpose, it analyses transmission of collective emotions based on different categories of “the others”.

  4. THE ACOUSTICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SAYYIDINA ABU BAKAR MOSQUE, UTeM

    DG. H. KASSIM

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In the Muslim world, mosques are built with grandeur architectural design to depict an important house of worship in Islam. Unfortunately the acoustical performance in mosque is rarely considered at the design stage which eventually deteriorates the speech intelligibility. This includes the Sayyidina Abu Bakar Mosque in UTeM where poor subjective speech clarity is experienced during congregation. The objective of this paper is to discuss the acoustical characteristics of the mosque. The CATT indoor acoustic software was used to calculate important room acoustic parameters such as reverberation time (RT and clarity (C50. The measurement was conducted to validate the RT from the simulation where good agreement is obtained. This study finds that the Sayyidina Abu Bakar Mosque UTeM has poor acoustical performance at low frequencies below 1 kHz, i.e. the frequency range which is significantly responsible for the speech intelligibility

  5. Pengaruh Penambahan Abu Sekam Padi Dan Cangkang Kemiri Terhadap Sifat Mekanis Beton

    Gurning, Sandro Janesra

    2014-01-01

    Beton merupakan material utama untuk konstruksi yang banyak digunakan di seluruh dunia. Semakin meluasnya penggunaan beton menunjukkan juga semakin banyak kebutuhan beton di masa yang akan datang, namun bahan baku pembentuk beton yang selama ini diperoleh dari alam cenderung menurun mendorong peneliti menambahkan bahan-bahan lain yang mempunyai sifat yang sama dengan pembentuk beton dalam campuran beton. Salah satunya adalah pemanfaatan limbah abu sekam padi dan cangkang kem...

  6. Automatic Acquisition of Machine Translation Resources in the Abu-MaTran Project

    Toral, Antonio; Pirinen, Tommi; Way, Andy; Rubino, Raphaël; Ramírez Sánchez, Gema; Ortiz Rojas, Sergio; Sánchez-Cartagena, Víctor M.; Ferrández-Tordera, Jorge; Forcada, Mikel L.; Esplà-Gomis, Miquel; Ljubešić, Nikola; Klubička, Filip; Prokopidis, Prokopis; Papavassiliou, Vassilis

    2015-01-01

    This paper provides an overview of the research and development activities carried out to alleviate the language resources' bottleneck in machine translation within the Abu-MaTran project. We have developed a range of tools for the acquisition of the main resources required by the two most popular approaches to machine translation, i.e. statistical (corpora) and rule-based models (dictionaries and rules). All these tools have been released under open-source licenses and have been developed wi...

  7. Comunicación y territorialización. Extraños en Abu Ghraib

    Peñamarín, Cristina

    2009-01-01

    El trabajo estudia los medios en los procesos de territorialización y de formación de “causas colectivas”, que mueven la acción política, en los discursos públicos durante la guerra de Irak y en las fotografías de Abu Ghraib. Para ello, analiza la transmisión de emociones colectivizadoras de acuerdo con las diferentes categorizaciones de los otros.

  8. Phytoplankton community in abu-qir bay as a hot spot on the southeastern mediterranean coast

    Shams El-Din, N.G.; Dorgham, M.M.

    2007-01-01

    The phytoplankton community in the stressed part of Abu Qir Bay was studied monthly relative to the prevailing ecological conditions from April 1998 to March 1999 at eight stations. The study recorded a total of 182 species of both fresh and marine origins, belonging to diatoms (89 species), chlorophytes (34 species), dinoflagellates (26 species), cyanophytes (18 species), euglenophytes (12 species), silicoflagellates (2 species), and cryptophyte (one species). Most of the recorded species oc...

  9. Antioxidant activity and mineral composition of three Mediterranean common seaweeds from Abu-Qir Bay, Egypt

    Hanan M. Khairy; El-Sheikh, Mohamed A.

    2015-01-01

    Antioxidant activity and mineral composition were evaluated seasonally from spring to autumn 2010 in the three common seaweeds Ulva lactuca Linnaeus (Chlorophyta), Jania rubens (Linnaeus) J.V. Lamouroux and Pterocladia capillacea (S.G. Gmelin) Bornet (Rhodophyta). The antioxidant activity was measured with β-carotene, total phenol content and DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl). Seaweeds were collected from the rocky site near Boughaz El-Maadya Abu-Qir Bay of Alexandria, Egypt. The results s...

  10. THE ACOUSTICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SAYYIDINA ABU BAKAR MOSQUE, UTeM

    Dg. H. Kassim; A. Putra; M. J. M. NOR

    2015-01-01

    In the Muslim world, mosques are built with grandeur architectural design to depict an important house of worship in Islam. Unfortunately the acoustical performance in mosque is rarely considered at the design stage which eventually deteriorates the speech intelligibility. This includes the Sayyidina Abu Bakar Mosque in UTeM where poor subjective speech clarity is experienced during congregation. The objective of this paper is to discuss the acoustical characteristics of the mosque. The CATT ...

  11. Tycho Brahe, Abu Mashar, and the comet beyond Venus (ninth century A.D.)

    Neuhaeuser, Ralph; Mugrauer, Markus; Luge, Daniela; van Gent, Rob

    2016-01-01

    From his observations of the A.D. 1572 super-nova and the A.D. 1577 comet, Tycho Brahe concluded that such transient celestial objects are outside the Earth's atmosphere, and he quoted the 9th century A.D. Persian astrologer and astronomer Abu Mashar: Dixit Albumasar, Cometa supra Venerem visus fuit, i.e. that he had reported much earlier that comets were seen beyond Venus. However, even from a more detailed Latin translation, the observations and logic behind Abu Mashar's conclusion were not understandable. We present here the original Arabic text (MS Ankara, Saib 199) together with our translation and interpretation: Abu Mashar reported that he had observed Venus in (or projected onto) the tail of a comet and concluded that the comet was behind Venus, because he had observed the extinction of Venus due to the cometary tail to be negligible (light of Venus was unimpaired). He then concluded that the comet would be located behind Venus. He also mentioned that others had observed Jupiter and Saturn in cometary...

  12. Kenya’s National Report - International Conference on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources: Maintaining the Continuous Control of Sources throughout Their Life Cycle, 27-31 October 2031, Abu Dhabi, UAE

    International cooperation among nuclear regulatory bodies is important for effective nuclear safety and security regulation at the national and international level. This is particularly important given the increased interest in nuclear power worldwide and in enhanced focus on climate change. In this context, mature regulatory bodies should consider support for new countries, better control of radioactive sources, and enhancement of international cooperation for the global nuclear safety and security regime, including application of international legal instruments, knowledge networks, safety standards and security guidance. Regulators should also focus on developing an open, transparent process with appropriate mechanisms for interaction with the public. While effective regulatory bodies have their roles at the national and international levels, the expectation of the society and the role of international organizations for assuring an effective global nuclear safety and security regime; governments are expected to undertake the roles and responsibilities for the global adherence to international instruments relevant to nuclear safety and security, in establishing and maintaining the legal and governmental infrastructure for safety and security. While it is acknowledged that safety performance indicators have shown marked improvement over the last two decades, it is necessary to avoid complacency and to continually improve and strengthen the existing global nuclear safety and security regime so that the use of nuclear technologies can be introduced or expanded in a safe and credible manner to meet the world’s needs for human well-being, environmental protection, growth and sustainable development

  13. National Report for Brazil [International Conference on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources: Maintaining Continuous Global Control of Sources throughout their Life Cycle, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates), 27-31 October 2013

    Safety and security in the nuclear domain have been developed and improved side by side with the continuous growth of the use of nuclear technologies in Brazil. The large range of radioactive source applications compose, together with the power plants and nuclear fuel cycle facilities, a diversified panorama in the field and have demanded a permanent regulatory action in order to ensure that these sources are safely manned and security protected during their life cycle. In this sense the Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources (Code of Conduct) and its associated document, the Guidance on the Import and Export of Radioactive Sources (Guidance), have been considered a milestone for the improvement of the national regulatory system. Brazil has written to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Director General, expressing their support for the Code of Conduct and the Guidance as well as nominated a point of contact for the purpose of facilitating the export and/or import of radioactive sources in accordance with the Code Conduct and the Guidance

  14. National Report Lithuania [International Conference on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources: Maintaining Continuous Global Control of Sources throughout their Life Cycle, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates), 27-31 October 2013

    The Radiation Protection Centre (hereinafter - RPC) is an institution under the Ministry of Health Care. The functions of RPC are: to coordinate actions of state and municipal institutions in the manner established by the Government or, upon direction from the Government, by the Minister of Health Care, in the area of radiation protection; to exercise the state regulation and supervision of radiation protection in respect of exposure of members of the public and the environment and the practices involving sources of ionizing radiation

  15. National Report: Argentina [International Conference on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources: Maintaining Continuous Global Control of Sources throughout their Life Cycle, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates), 27-31 October 2013

    In this report it is intended to describe the status of Argentina in relation to the issues proposed. a) The infrastructure for regulatory control Argentina has a Regulatory Authority, the AUTORIDAD REGULATORIA NUCLEAR (ARN). It is an autonomous body reporting to the President of Argentina. It was created by the “NUCLEAR ACTIVITY NATIONAL ACT”, Nº 24804. This Law empowers ARN to regulate and control the nuclear activity with regard to radiological and nuclear safety, physical protection and nuclear non-proliferation issues. The objective of ARN is to establish, develop and enforce a regulatory system applicable to all nuclear activities carried out in Argentina. ARN is independent, nowadays, of any organization dedicated to the use or the promotion of nuclear energy in any of its forms and is provided with adequate financial resources for the fulfillment of its mission. ARN faculties are: • Issue of regulatory standards: In relation to this subject the most relevant issues to remark during this three years period is that some of the Standards have been updated, on Gammagraphy operation and personnel requirements (2010) AR 7.9.1 and AR 7.11.1 and their regulatory related guidance AR.5; on transport of radioactive material (2012) AR 10.16.1 and generic exemption levels (2010) AR.6. • Grant the corresponding licenses/authorizations to nuclear installations and personnel, including the import export ones. • Grant the corresponding approval Certificates in the case of transport of radioactive material. • Submit requirements to the Responsible Organizations. • Carry out inspections and audits to verify compliance with licenses and authorizations issued and the appropriate Standards. • Perform independent studies and evaluations. • Apply sanctions in the case of non-compliance with any obligation by the license holder. • Approve emergency plans and procedures. • Coordinate the actions in case of radiological/nuclear emergencies. The licensing system, in Argentina, is based, in general, in performance safety criteria that have been taken from the international recommendations. It places the prime responsibility for the safe management of, and the security of, radioactive sources on the persons being granted the licenses and permissions

  16. Republic of Korea National Report [International Conference on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources: Maintaining Continuous Global Control of Sources throughout their Life Cycle, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates), 27-31 October 2013

    Normally, all radioisotopes subject to regulation are prescribed by the Nuclear Safety Act to be controlled and handled in accordance with the law from production to disposal. In particular, sources classified as IAEA Category 1·2 are strictly managed for the purpose of security as death can result from just a few minutes to days of contact if they are stolen or lost or used intentionally for terrorism. At present, Korea Institute of Nuclear nonproliferation and Control (KINAC) is responsible for the physical protection of nuclear power plants and nuclear materials, while Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS) is in charge of security of radioactive materials. In order to strengthen the security of nuclear and other radioactive materials, various activities are conducted such as the application of detailed guidelines on the security in the safety assessment stage, the application of a real-time monitoring system for radioisotopes that could potentially be used for terrorist activities, and implementing the recommendations and guidelines of IAEA security. This report covers the current domestic implementation of the Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources and the Guidance on the Import and Export of Radioactive Sources, and introduces the Radiation Source Location Tracking System, which is currently in operation to implement the Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources

  17. National Report: Slovakia [International Conference on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources: Maintaining Continuous Global Control of Sources throughout their Life Cycle, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates), 27-31 October 2013

    Slovak Republic (The Public Health Authority of The Slovak Republic - PHA SR) has collaborated from the very beginning on a preparation of the important IAEA document - the Code of Conduct. Following its official approval, the Code of Conduct was implemented into the national legislature( Act,governmental orders, regulations, guidelines, pamphlets). The important task was to resolve an issue of captured orphan sources and other intercepted radiation sources, i.e. to craft a system structure for handling these orphan sources. Serving this purpose, in the 90-ties (yrs. 1995 - 1999), the Ministry of Health SR (PHA SR) had elaborated materials which were consequently adopted by the government as a basis for building the system of guidelines on handling the ionizing sources. There were several organizations selected and designated for this purpose of handling detained radioactive materials. E.g. ''Jadrová vyraďovacia spoločnosť'' (Nuclear Waste Council) and a private company ''HUMA-LAB APEKO'', to name a few. There were a couple requirements for these entities: - Possession of a permit to handle radioactive materials - Hot chamber to ensure safe disposition of retained radioactive materials - Proper storage conditions Furthermore, it was very important to allocate the finances to address these matters. The Slovak legislature had stated that the issue of handling the orphan sources would be financed by a governmental fund for Radiation Facility Liquidation. The whole process of tending the issue of capturing the radiation sources has been overseen by three cooperating institutions: PHA SR - monitoring entity, State Police, and Safety Unit ensuring the proper storage of radioactive materials. The specific purpose and particular duties of each institution are encompassed in a guideline manual. It is imperative to inform IAEA of all interceptions and detentions of radiation sources. Given that the most problems and radioactive materials have occurred in junk yards and facilities of metal waste storage, the PHA SR professionals continuously focus on providing the facility staff with informational brochures, leaflets and extensive training to learn and recognize common radiation sources, their usage, etc

  18. National Report submitted by Australia [International Conference on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources: Maintaining Continuous Global Control of Sources throughout their Life Cycle, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates), 27-31 October 2013

    Australia is a federation of six states, which together with two major self-governing territories and the federal government comprise 9 separate legal jurisdictions. Australia no longer manufactures any radioactive sources but continues to use radioactive sources for a broad range of medical, industrial, research and mining purposes. Australia gave a non-binding commitment to work towards implementing the guidance in the Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources (consistent with the terms of GC(47)/Res/7.B) in May, 2004 and notified the Director General of its intention to act in accordance with the IAEA Guidance on the Import and Export of Radioactive Sources (consistent with the terms of GC(48)/Res/10.D) in November 2004. Australia has longstanding regulatory arrangements to ensure the safety and security of radioactive sources. These regulatory arrangements are consistent with the IAEA Safety Standards and the IAEA’s Nuclear Security Series Fundamentals and Recommendations publications as they relate to radioactive sources. Since 2001 Australia has focused upon efforts to enhance regulatory and other controls over radioactive sources consistent with the level of concern the material poses. In summary, Australia has taken the following actions: • published a national report on the control and regulation of security-sensitive radioactive materials agreed by the Council of Australian Governments in April 2007; • published a Code of Practice for the Security of Radioactive Sources (the Code) and developed associated practice specific guidance and templates; • introduced requirements set out in the Code into Australian jurisdictional laws and arrangements related to the safety and security of radioactive sources; • undertaken an extensive and ongoing education and awareness program with industry and government involved in all aspects of the supply chain; • established a national register of category 1 and 2 radioactive sources to better monitor the national inventory and the movement of sources; • enhanced facilities and services to search for missing sources, secure found sources and to intervene in the event of a malicious act involving a radioactive source; • made regulations and implemented administrative measures to control the export of category 1 and 2 radioactive sources in accordance with the IAEA Guidance on the Import and Export of Radioactive Sources; • published the Regulatory Guide: Licensing of Radioactive Waste Storage and Disposal Facilities in March 2013, which, inter alia, sets out the federal regulatory requirements and best-practice guidance for safely and securely storing and disposing of radioactive sources declared as waste; and • commenced a program of cooperation with other regulatory bodies in the South-east Asian region in order to share knowledge and experiences. (author)

  19. National Report (Japan) [International Conference on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources: Maintaining Continuous Global Control of Sources throughout their Life Cycle, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates), 27-31 October 2013

    In order to manage radioactive sources, the Law Concerning Prevention of Radiation Hazards due to Radioisotope and others. (10th June 1957 Law of No. 167), (hereafter, Radiation Hazards Prevention Law; RHPL) was established. Today, there are approx. 6,300 licensees (as of March 2012) and licensees are responsible for the safety and the security of their own radioactive sources. The competent regulatory body for the radioactive sources is the Nuclear Regulation Authority (NRA) which is responsible for random and periodic safety checks adn on-the-spot inspections. The RHPL's main purpose is to protect workers and the public from radiation hazards when radiation or radioisotopes are used

  20. National Report South Africa [International Conference on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources: Maintaining Continuous Global Control of Sources throughout their Life Cycle, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates), 27-31 October 2013

    South Africa has two regulators: the National Nuclear Regulator (NNR) is mandated by the NNR Act to regulate nuclear facilities, while the Directorate: Radiation Control in the Department of Health regulates radioactive sources as mandated by the Hazardous Substances Act (15 of 1973) and the associated Regulations R246 & R247 of 1993. The Directorate: Radiation Control is responsible for the regulation of all medical and industrial applications of radioactive sources and generators of ionizing radiation. South Africa has two manufacturers of radioactive sources, which export radioactive sources to more than 50 countries internationally. The country plays a major role in Africa by exporting imported and locally manufactured radioactive sources to many other African countries. Many South African-based operators of equipment using radionuclides do contract work in the rest of Africa. South Africa has a large number of mines, industries and construction companies, which comprise about 90% of applications of radioactive sources. There are also several industrial, sample and blood irradiators. The remaining 10% of radioactive sources are applied in the medical industry. About 80% of generators of ionizing radiation are applied in the medical sector, the remainder in industry. The Directorate: Radiation Control faces several difficulties. The three most urgent difficulties to overcome are listed in par. 2.1.1. Shortcomings have been identified through self-assessment projects already conducted under the auspices of the IAEA and still to be conducted in other areas. The Directorate is currently in a process of strengthening its regulatory control infrastructure through technical cooperation projects and the development of strategies to address shortcomings. (author)

  1. National report (Mauritania) for the International Conference on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources: Maintaining the Continuous Global Control of Sources throughout their Life Cycle in Abu Dhabi, 27-31 October 2013

    The Mauritania is a country located in the northwest of Africa. The country is very large in size (about one million square KM) with 3 million inhabitants. Services and population are concentrated in the capital Nouakchott. The use of ionizing radiation is fairly recent in Mauritania. It is divided into two main sectors: a. The medical sector: The medical use is quite broad and varies from diagnosis to treatment. Thus, there is tens of diagnostic centers with a simple means of conventional radiography, but also some medical scanners. There is also a National Oncology Center with a linear accelerator. This center has been operational since 2011. b. Industrial sector: The industrial radiography is used in companies and public works buildings in Mauritania. It is also used in some companies prospecting and mining. Recently, some uranium mines has just been discovered and treatment is expected soon. Including fuel and waste, we can also say that in Mauritania, there are NORM (NATURELLY Occupational Radioactive Materials). The problem of security of radioactive sources and disused sources is asked since the beginning of use of ionizing radiation. Indeed, we do not know the exact number of orphan radiological sources in Mauritania. The country is vast in area and the National Authority for Radiation Protection, Security and Nuclear Safety has identified at this time very few sources, some of which in northern Mauritania. Even, the National Center of Oncology has also soon open its nuclear medicine department and it will certainly reject a lot of radioactive waste. To prevent these sources fall into the wrong hands, the Mauritanian government, via the ARSN, decided to confine the found sources and continue the search for lost sources, despite the limited means at their disposal

  2. Opening Address by D. Flory [International Conference on Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources: Maintaining Continuous Global Control of Sources throughout their Life Cycle, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates), 27-31 October 2013

    The IAEA has established a Working Group on Radioactive Sources Security, which held its first two meetings in November 2012 and May 2013. The next meeting is planned for 2014. This group explores the security concerns specific to high activity radioactive sources and seeks to improve the coordination of efforts to provide assistance related to those concerns. Nuclear safety has a long history, and there have been fewer drastic changes but the IAEA continues to publish and update its safety publications. We also develop and enhance our tools and services to improve support for our Member States. Together with the increased emphasis on security, there is also an ongoing debate on interfaces, integration, coordination or synergies between safety and security. While it may seem intuitive that safety and security should be compatible, there remains considerable room for further clarification

  3. Opening Address by H. Alkaabi [International Conference on Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources: Maintaining Continuous Global Control of Sources throughout their Life Cycle, Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates), 27-31 October 2013

    Whenever the topic of safety and security of radioactive sources is discussed, the issue of the long term management of and funding for disused sources arises. The absence of clear routes for the safe and secure handling of disused sources, including legacy sources, is a vulnerability of the existing international system. The long title of this Conference — maintaining continuous global control of sources throughout their life cycle — reminds us that the life cycle of control needs to include the end-of-useful-life stage. Here in the United Arab Emirates, we believe that we have made progress in securing the radioactive sources used in our industries. You will hear about FANR’s (Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulation) regulations both for the safety and security of radioactive sources. More importantly, you will hear about the practical arrangements we are implementing, working with licensees, to see that effective security plans and arrangements are put in place: both for sources at company headquarters and in the field, and also in transport

  4. Chromium biogeochemical cycle in Abu Kir Bay, east of Alexandria, Egypt

    Aboul Dahab, O.

    1989-10-01

    Abu Kir Bay, east of Alexandria, is affected by two main point sources of pollution, namely Tabia Pumping Station and Lake Edku Outlet. Chromium was measured in the Bay effluents, sea water, marine organisms of different trophic levels, and sediments. Chromium concentration and mass emission from TPS (242 μg l -1 and 436 kg d -1) to the Bay are very high compared to those of Lake Edku Outlet (33 μg l -1 and 116 kg d -1). Average Cr concentrations in the Bay coastal waters during the period of study, were 0·120 μg l -1, 0·775 μg l -1 and 1·185 μg l -1, respectively, for Cr(III), Cr(VI), and particulate pphase. The surface distribution of Cr in the coastal waters showed the impact of Tabia Pumping Station on the Bay. On the basis of sediment concentrations of Cr in Abu Kir Bay, two 'hot spots' of the element were identified. The area around Tabia Pumping Station outfall (> 300 μg g -1 dw) and another one in the immediate vincinity of Lake Outlet (> 200 μg g -1 dw). Chromium concentrations in Abu Kir Bay organisms increased in the following order: mixed plankton (68 μg kg -1) > Sardina pilchardus (80 μg kg -1) ⩾ Mugil capito (82 μg kg -1) > Mullus barbatus (111 μ kg -1) > Solea solea (123 μg kg -1) > Penaeus kerathurus (168 μg kg -1 > Donax trunculus (209 μ kg -1) > Neptunus pelagicus (369 μg kg -1) > Ulva species (1867 μg kg -1) > Enteromorpha species (3345 μg kg -1). The sequence is consistent for organisms from both west and east Abu Kir Bay, regardless of the significantly low Cr concentrations of the latter. The study showed that algae and crabs play a critical role in the biological transport of Cr and can be considered the best accumulators of the element. From the total amount of Cr flux to the Bay, 552 kg d -1, flushing of the Bay to the open sea removes 262 kg d -1, and sedimentation within the Bay is 242 kg d -1. Finally, an input/output box model for Cr in Abu Kir Bay was constructed to help in understanding its biogeochemical cycle.

  5. PEMANFAATAN ABU VULKANIK GUNUNG MERAPI SEBAGAI GEOPOLIMER (SUATU POLIMER ANORGANIK ALUMINOSILIKAT

    E. Kusumastuti

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Sintesis geopolimer telah dilakukan dengan memanfaatkan abu vulkanik Gunung Merapi. Geopolimer merupakan suatu polimer anorganik aluminosilikat dengan rantai Si-O-Al yang disintesis dari material yang kaya akan silika dan alumina dengan larutan pengaktif natrium hidroksida. Analisis kandungan kimia abu vulkanik Merapi menunjukkan bahwa material ini termasuk material pozzolan dengan kandungan silika dan alumina yang tinggi, yakni 45,7% berat SiO2; 14,00% berat Al2O3; 16,1% berat CaO; 18,2% berat Fe2O3 dan 3,86% berat K2O. Perbandingan mol SiO2/Al2O3 dalam abu vulkanik Merapi tergolong tinggi yakni 5,55. Abu vulkanik Merapi dapat disintesis menjadi geopolimer meskipun mempunyai rasio mol SiO2/Al2O3 yang tinggi dengan menggunakan larutan pengaktif NaOH 66,67% serta menambah waktu curing selama 3 hari pada suhu 70°C untuk membantu proses kondensasi (lepasnya molekul air pada proses geopolimerisasinya. Geopolimerisasi abu vulkanik Merapi pada suhu kamar tidak dapat terjadi, ditandai dengan kekuatannya yang sangat rendah. Karakterisasi pada geopolimer berbahan dasar abu vulkanik menunjukkan bahwa kuat tekan optimum dicapai pada komposisi dengan perbandingan abu vulkanik/Na silikat/NaOH/H2O sebesar 50/10/4/6 dengan kekuatan 61,16 MPa. Analisis kualitatif berupa fasa mineral dengan XRD dan ikatan kimia dengan FTIR menunjukkan bahwa telah terbentuk fasa amorf aluminosilikat geopolimer dengan ikatan Si–O–Si atau Si–O–Al. Synthesis of geopolymer has been done by using Merapi volcanic ash. Geopolymer is an aluminosilicate inorganic polymer with Si-O-Al chain that has been synthesized from silica-and alumina-rich materials by using activator solution natrium hydroxide. The analysis of Merapi volcanic ash content showed that it was a pozzolan material containing high-silica alumina, with 45,7% of SiO2; 14,00% of Al2O3; 16,1% of  CaO; 18,2% of Fe2O3 and 3,86% of K2O. Mol ratio of SiO2/Al2O3 was high, it is 5,55. Although it

  6. Studi Pembuatan Pupuk Kalium Sulfat dari Abu Sekam Padi dan Gipsum Alam Menggunakan Reaktor Tangki Berpengaduk

    Muhammad Husin Ismayanda

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Proses pembuatan pupuk kalium sulfat umumnya dibuat dari asam klorida dan bahan baku yang mengandung anion sulfat (SO4. Dalam penelitian ini, pembuatan pupuk kalium sulfat dari bahan baku batuan gipsum alam sebagai sumber sulfat dan abu sekam padi sebagai sumber kalium telah dilakukan. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengkaji kemungkinan pembuatan pupuk kalium sulfat dari gipsum alam dan abu sekam padi dan juga mengetahui pengaruh kecepatan pengadukan, temperatur operasi dan waktu proses terhadap persentase konversi kalium sulfat yang dihasilkan. Dalam penelitian ini juga dipelajari kinetika reaksi yang terjadi selama proses pembentukan kalium sulfat. Proses pembuatan pupuk kalium sulfat dilakukan dalam reaktor tangki berpengaduk. Varibel berubah dari penelitian ini adalah kecepatan putaran pengaduk, temperatur proses, dan waktu reaksi. Untuk menganalisis produk yang dihasilkan, metode yang digunakan mengacu pada Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI 02-2809-2005. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pupuk kalium sulfat dapat dihasilkan dari reaksi antara gipsum yang mengandung kalsium sulfat dan abu sekam padi yang mengandung kalium karbonat dengan konversi kalium dari endapan sebesar 99,87% dan konversi kalium dari filtrat sebanyak 18,22%. Nilai konversi sulfat dari endapan hanya sebesar 0,69% dan nilai konversi sulfat dari filtrat 0,26%.Dalam penelitian ini kondisi terbaikproses pembuatan pupuk kalium sulfat adalah pada waktu reaksi 80 menit, kecepatan putaran pengaduk 400 rpm dan temperatur operasi 90ºC. Hasil analisis juga menunjukkan bahwa produk pupuk kalium sulfat tidak mengandung asam bebas sebagai H2SO4 dan klorida (Cl, akan tetapi mengandung kalium dan sulfat. Nilai konstanta kecepatan reaksi (k yang didapat dalam penelitian ini adalah sebesar 0,00218 ppm-1 menit-1 dan nilai laju pengurangan reaktan (rA sebesar 8,129 x 10-5 ppm/menit.

  7. Cornici di tortura Lo scandalo di Abu Ghraib come rituale mediatizzato tra fotogiornalismo e arte contemporanea

    Marco Solaroli

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the scandal of Abu Ghraib. The diffusion of the torture photographs is analyzed as a peculiar form of mediatized ritual, which has cristallized them in the public memory and performatively activated a number of practices of creative re-contextualization and symbolic re-articulation. In particular, the paper problematizes a wide range of forms of artistic representations of the torture photographs, according to three main analytical dimensions: inter-iconic translation, authorial intentions, degree of institutionalization. 

  8. Comunicación y territorialización. Extraños en Abu Ghraib

    Cristina Peñamarín

    2009-01-01

    El trabajo estudia los medios en los procesos de territorialización y de formación de “causas colectivas”, que mueven la acción política, en los discursos públicos durante la guerra de Irak y en las fotografías de Abu Ghraib. Para ello, analiza la transmisión de emociones colectivizadoras de acuerdo con las diferentes categorizaciones de los otros. The paper studies media in territory processes and the formation of "collective causes", that can move political action, in public discourses ...

  9. The Emir: An Interview with Abu Bakar Ba'asyir, Alleged Leader of the Southeast Asian Jemaah Islamiyah Organization

    Atran, Scott

    2005-01-01

    Press Release: Terrorism in Southeast Asia: An Interview with Abu Bakar Ba'asyir 10/03/2005 - In August, Dr. Scott Atran travelled to Southeast Asia and conducted extensive research on terrorist groups operating in the region. This interview with Abu Bakar Ba'asyir, alleged leader of the Jemaah Islamiyah organization, was conducted on August 13 and 15, 2005 from Cipinang Prison in Jakarta. Questions were formulated by Dr. Atran and posed for him in Behasa Indonesian by Taufiq Andrie. The inte...

  10. Hermeneutika Humanistik Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd : Al-Qur’an sebagai Wacana

    Kusmana Kusmana

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract : This paper informs Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd ideas on Humanistic Hermeneutics, where it tries to put the Qur’an as a discourse, in a way of describing its hermeneutical thought development context. Hermeneutical task formulation is an extension of the previous task that is still being in the spirit of reconstruction of a new reading of religious texts. Al-Qur’an as discourse claimed as an attempt upon an extension way of reading with the whole spirit of construction over again. This Heremeneutical task is potentially burden the establishment, and controversial but it is certain.Keywords : Al-Qur’an, discourse, ta’wīl, semiotica, historical criticism, phronesis, intellectual grasp, agreement, application, translation Abstrak : Makalah ini menginformasikan tawaran Nasr Hamid Abu Zayd tentang Hermeneutika Humanistik, yaitu menempatkan al-Qur’an sebagai wacana, dengan cara dijelaskan dalam konteks perkembangan pemikiran hermeneutikanya. Tugas hermeneutika yang dirumuskannya ini merupakan perluasan dari tugas sebelumnya yang masih banyak berada dalam semangat rekonstruksi dalam upaya konstruksi pembacaan baru teks-teks keagamaan. Al-Qur’an sebagai wacana diklaim sebagai upaya perluasannya untuk melakukan pembacaan baru dengan semangat konstruksi lebih utuh lagi. Tugas hermeneutika ini berpotensi menggugat kemapanan dan kontroversial tapi niscaya.Kata kunci : Al-Qur’an, wacana, takwil, semiotika, kritisisme sejarah, phronesis, pemahaman intelektual, persetujuan aplikasi, terjemahan

  11. Radiological impacts of natural radioactivity in Abu-Tartor phosphate deposits, Egypt

    Phosphate and environmental samples were collected from Abu Tartor phosphate mine and the surrounding region. The activity concentration of 226Ra (238U) series, 232Th series and 40K were measured using a gamma-ray spectrometer. The activities of uranium isotopes (238U, 235U and 234U) and 210Pb were measured using an alpha spectrometer and a low-background proportional gas counting system, respectively, after radiochemical separation. The results are discussed and compared with the levels in phosphate rocks from different countries. It seems that the Abu Tartor phosphate deposit has the lowest radioactivity level of exploited phosphate of sedimentary origin. 226Ra/238U, 210Pb/226Ra, 234U/238U and 226Ra/228Ra activity ratios were calculated and are discussed. The radioactivity levels in the surrounding region and the calculated exposure dose (nGy/h) will be considered as a pre-operational baseline to estimate the possible radiological impacts due to mining, processing and future phosphate industrial activities. To minimize these impacts, the processing wastes should be recycled to the greatest possible extent

  12. Natural Radioactivity in Abu-Tartor Phosphate Deposits and the Surrounding Region, New Valley, Egypt

    Abu-Tartor phosphate mine. New Valley district, is one of the biggest phosphate mines in Egypt which will start full production soon. The planned ore rocks (24.8%P2 O5) annual production is 4 million tons. The aim of this study is to estimate the natural radioactivity levels in Abu-Tartor phosphate deposits and the surrounding region. The environmental radioactivity levels in the surrounding region will be considered as pre-operational levels which are essential to determine the radiological impacts of phosphate mining later on. Phosphate samples (ore rocks, wet rocks and beneficiation wastes) and environmental samples (soil, water and plant)were collected. The specific activities of Ra-226 (U-238) series, Th-232 series and K-40 were measured using gamma-ray spectrometry based on Hyper pure Germanium detectors. The specific activities of uranium isotopes (U-238, U-235 and U-234) were measured using alpha spectrometry based on surface barrier detectors after radiochemical separation. The specific activity of Pb-210 was measured using low background proportional gas counting system after radiochemical separation . The results were discussed and compared with national and international values

  13. Professional Development: Perceptions of Benefits for Principals

    Blaik Hourani, Rida; Stringer, Patricia

    2015-01-01

    Schools in Abu Dhabi are going through change and reform. Abu Dhabi Education Council (ADEC) has initiated professional development for principals to facilitate change and school improvement. This paper explores principals' perception on the benefits of professional development received in light of managing school change and reforms.…

  14. An ethnozoological study in the adjoining areas of Mount Abu wildlife sanctuary, India

    Mahawar Madan

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background There is evidence that human beings are familiar with use of animals for food, cloth, medicine, etc. since ancient times. Enormous work has been done on ethnobotany and traditional medicine. Like plants, animal and their products are also possessing medicinal properties that can be exploited for the benefit of human beings. In India, many ethnic communities are dispersed all over the country and these people are still totally depended on local traditional medicinal system for their health care. India is gifted with faunal and floral biodiversity, Mount Abu wildlife sanctuary is also one of them, and thus the aim of this work was to take an ethnozoological field survey among Garasiya people (main tribal group of this area in the adjoining areas of this sanctuary. Method In order to document the ethnozoological information about animal and their products prevalent among these people in the adjoining area of Mount Abu wildlife sanctuary, a study was carried out from January, 2008 to April, 2008. Data were collected through semi-structured questionnaire and open interview with 25 (16 male and 9 female selected Garasiya people. The name of animal and other ethnozoological information were documented. Photographs and discussion were also recorded with the help of camera and voice recorder. Result A total of 24 animal species were used in 35 different medicinal purposes including asthma, weakness, tuberculosis, cough, paralysis and blister and for other religious purposes. It has been find out that animal used by Garasiya, consist of fourteen mammals, five birds, three reptiles, one arthropods and one amphibian. The meat of Cynopterus sphinx used to relieved fever and cough has the highest FL (96% although flesh of Sus scrofa and tooth of Elephas maximus have the lowest FL (12%. Some protected species such as Elephas maximus (elephant, Semnopithecus priam (monkey, Cervus unicolor (sambhar were also mentioned as important medicinal

  15. Endoparasites of the fresh water fish Liza abu in Mosul, Iraq

    A. F. Al-Taee

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Through examination of 176 samples of the fresh water fish Liza abu obtained from Tigers River in Mosul city 2005, the percentage of total internal parasites infection was 57.38%. They were the trematode larval stage Diplostumum spathaecum 44.88%; the cestode larval stage of Ligula intestinalis 32.95%, oocyst of Cryptosporidium spp. 28.97%, oocyst of Eimeria spp. 23.29%. Cryptosporidium was recorded for the first time in Mosul city during examination of intestinal contents. They appeared after staining with modified Zeihl- Neelsen as bright red spherical oocysts with a diameter of 3-7 µ. The effect of season on types of infection was also studied.

  16. The prevalence of sickle cell disease in Abu-AL-Khasib district of southern Iraq.

    Alkasab, F M; Al-Alusi, F A; Adnani, M S; Alkafajei, A M; Al-Shakerchi, N H; Noori, S F

    1981-04-01

    At attempt was made to estimate the prevalence of sickle cell disease among the primary school children in Abul-al-Khasib district of southern Iraq which is known for a relatively high prevalence. Examination of 706 children in the age group of 10 to 12 years from 10 out of 20 schools randomly chosen in four villages of Abu-al-Khasib showed an overall prevalence rate of 16% as compared to 2.5% seen in a control population of 525 children belonging to five urban schools in Basrah. Sickle cell trait was evident in 13.3% of the cases. Sickledex was used for initial testing and those showing positive sickling phenomenon were confirmed by cellulose acetate haemoglobin electrophoresis. The need for introducing early screening measures as well as marriage/genetic counselling as part of the overall health and welfare services in stressed. PMID:7218407

  17. Comparing photo modeling methodologies and techniques: the instance of the Great Temple of Abu Simbel

    Sergio Di Tondo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available After fifty years from the Salvage of the Abu Simbel Temples it has been possible to experiment the contemporary photo-modeling tools beginning from the original data of the photogrammetrical survey carried out in the 1950s. This produced a reflection on “Image Based” methods and modeling techniques, comparing strict 3d digital photogrammetry with the latest Structure From Motion (SFM systems. The topographic survey data, the original photogrammetric stereo couples, the points coordinates and their representation in contour lines, allowed to obtain a model of the monument in his configuration before the moving of the temples. The impossibility to carry out a direct survey led to touristic shots to create SFM models to use for geometric comparisons.

  18. Mineralogical Investigations and Physical Upgrading of Abu Rusheid cataclastic rocks, South Eastern Desert, Egypt

    An economically important rare-metal mineralization is recorded in the cataclastic rocks at Wadi Abu Rusheid area, South Eastern Desert of Egypt. Radiometric measurements of the main varieties of cataclastic rocks (protomylonites, mylonites, ultramylonites) show that their equivalent thorium (eTh) content is 7560, 8660 and 6210 ppm, whereas the equivalent uranium (eU) is 2544,4170 and 790 ppm respectively. Microscopic examination, X-ray diffraction (XRD) and grain counting techniques revealed that thorite, zircon and columbite are the predominant radioactive minerals in all rock varieties , together with minor amounts of xenotime, cassiterite and sulphides. Beside these minerals, uranophane, kasolite and meta- autunite occur as inclusions in other minerals. Physical upgrading of these minerals was carried out using gravitative separation technique. Applying the proposed flowsheet, it is possible to attain a good concentrate for these minerals with an acceptable recovery. It is recommended to subject the final concentrates to hydrometallurgical treatments to extract the important metals.

  19. Application of Electrical Resistivity Tomography Technique for Characterizing Leakage Problem in Abu Baara Earth Dam, Syria

    Walid Al-Fares

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT survey was carried out at Abu Baara earth dam in northwestern Syria, in order to delineate potential pathways of leakage occurring through the subsurface structure close to the dam body. The survey was performed along two straight measuring profiles of 715 and 430 m length in up- and downstream sides of the dam’s embankment. The analysis of the inverted ERT sections revealed the presence of fractured and karstified limestone rocks which constitute the shallow bedrock of the dam reservoir. Several subsurface structural anomalies were identified within the fractured bedrock, most of which are associated with probable karstic cavities, voids, and discontinuity features developed within the carbonates rocks. Moreover, results also showed the occurrence of a distinguished subsiding structure coinciding with main valley course. Accordingly, it is believed that the bedrock and the other detected features are the main potential causes of water leakage from the dam’s reservoir.

  20. Restoration and Preservation of Engraved Limestone Blocks Discovered in Abu Mousa Excavation, Suez - Egypt

    Nabil A. Abd El-Tawab BADER

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A lot of engraved limestone blocks were discovered at Awlad Abu Musa (east of Suez, Egypt in 1995/2007 by Supreme Council of Antiquities. The stone blocks were seriously affected by archaeological environments during burial environment in agriculture land. They were covered with thick clay layer with soil particles that disfigured them and hid their inscriptions. Prior to the conservation intervention, the materials were characterized by X-ray diffraction, optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, Chemical analyses of ground water and microbiological study. After the material characterization, the conservation and restoration of the stone blocks were carried out including cleaning, consolidation, reduction of salts, Re-jointing, restoration and completion of lost parts. After that the blocks were exhibited in Suez museum.

  1. Jalan Baru Tasawuf: Kajian tentang Gagasan Abu Bakr al-Kalabazi

    Abdul Kadir Riyadi

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper is an attempt to analyse the development of the sufistic idea in its early period by referring to the thought of Abu Bakr al-Kalabazi. It treats tasawuf not merely as codes of practices and rituals, but as a system of knowledge and episteme. The paper tries to show that what al-Kalabazi and other sufis like him have done is to expose intellectually the meaning and message of the spiritual side of Islam in a way that makes it possible to become an objective and integrated paradigm. The thought of al-Kalabazi to be more precise and is looked-upon here not as an independent paradigm but as part of the larger system of tasawuf developed over time by the sufis. Treating al- Kalabazi as a successor of Abu Nasr al-Sarraj, the paper argues that the thought of these two sufis complements each other, and that what the former has attempted to do was to fill the gap that the latter has left. The paper in other words, is interested in, 1 how the notion of epistemic continuity is reflected in the thought of al-Kalabazi, and 2 how al-Kalabazi may be understood as forming a chain within the larger intellectual tradition of tasawuf; a chain that may be regarded as new and unique in it’s own context. In this way, one may understand -it is hoped- that the process of becoming in which tasawuf is undergoing as a system of knowledge is never-ending, and that in every single sufi a transfer of discursive meaning is indeed inevitable.

  2. Origin and characteristics of brackish groundwater in Abu Madi coastal area, Northern Nile Delta, Egypt

    Salem, Zenhom E.; Al Temamy, A. M.; Salah, Mohamed K.; Kassab, M.

    2016-09-01

    Hydrogeochemical and geoelectrical resistivity investigations were carried out to assess the origin and characteristics of a brackish groundwater in Abu Madi coastal area. Twenty six surface water, shallow and deep groundwater samples were collected and analyzed for various ionic concentrations as well as oxygen and hydrogen stable isotopic contents. In addition, a total of 20 vertical electrical sounding sites were conducted to investigate layers' thicknesses, resistivities, and to detect the water-bearing layers. Then, 2-D Electrical Resistivity Tomography (ERT) along two profiles in the study area was conducted to get information about the surface water effect on recharge. The stable isotopic composition and the chloride concentrations strongly suggest that the deep groundwater in Abu Madi area is dominated by inland freshwater with a minor seawater component. This groundwater was recharged during the first and the third Holocene humid climatic cycles where the sea surface was about 125 and 25 m below the current sea level, respectively. The brackish nature and higher piezometric surface of the groundwater, as well as the occurrence of vertical low-salinity seawater zone in front of the study area, support the possibility of submarine groundwater discharge. The geoelectrical resistivity surveying, on the other hand, revealed a number of geoelectrical groundwater-bearing layers. The main water-bearing layer in the study area is represented by the sixth geoelectrical layer, which has relatively high resistivity and a considerable thickness being consistent with the hydrogeochemical observations. ERT results point to the presence of shallow water-bearing layers recharged from the surface water drains with low resistivity and surface rain water of moderate resistivity. Results from the hydrogeochemical analyses and the different hydrogeological data are consistent with the high resistivity values of this geoelectrical layer. However, the overall high specific

  3. ADSORPSI Pb2+ DALAM LIMBAH CAIR ARTIFISIAL MENGGUNAKAN SISTEM ADSORPSI KOLOM DENGAN BAHAN ISIAN ABU LAYANG BATUBARA SERBUK DAN GRANULAR

    Widi Astuti

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Batubara  merupakan  salah  satu  sumber energi  alternatif  yang murah. Oleh karena itu,  penggunaan  batubara  di  Indonesia meningkat pesat  setiap  tahunnya. Penggunaan batubara  ini  menghasilkan  limbah  yang  dapat mencemari lingkungan baik limbah gas  seperti   CO2, NOX,  CO,  SO2,  hidrokarbon  maupun  limbah  padat  yang berupa abu  layang dan  abu  dasar. Abu  layang  mengandung SiO2, Al2O3,  dan sisa karbon yang tidak terbakar sehingga potensial digunakan sebagai adsorben. Pada penelitian ini, kemampuan adsorpsi abu layang ditingkatkan melalui aktivasi termal dan diuji untuk menjerap ion Pb2+ dalam limbah cair artifisial. Adsorpsi dilakukan pada sistem kolom yang berlangsung kontinyu menggunakan bahan isian abu layang teraktivasi, dalam bentuk serbuk dan granular, pada laju alir influen yang bervariasi. Hasilnya, laju alir mempengaruhi nilai kapasitas (qo, konstanta thomas (KtH dan waktu breakthrough.Kata Kunci : Pb2+ , adsorpsi, abu layang, breakthrough Coal is one of the inexpensive alternative energy. Therefore, the usage of coal in indonesia has been increased every year. It produces waste that can pollute the environment including gases waste such as CO2, NOX, CO, SO2, hydrocarbons and solid waste including fly ash and bottom ash. Coal fly ash is composed of  SiO2, Al2O3 and unburned carbon that enables it to act as a potential adsorbent. In this research, the adsorption capasity has increased by thermal activation and used to adsorp Pb2+ ion in wastewater.  The adsorption was carried out in packed column contains powder and granular activated fly ash. In the system, flow rate was varied.  The results show that flow rate influences adsorption capacity, Thomas constant and breakthrough time.Keywords: Pb2+, adsorption, coal fly ash, breakthrough

  4. Mineralogy and mineral chemistry of rare-metal pegmatites at Abu Rusheid granitic gneisses, South Eastern Desert, Egypt

    Mohamed Fahmy Raslan

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The Abu Rushied area, situated in the South Eastern Desert of Egypt is a distinctive occurrence of economically important rare-metal mineralization where the host rocks are represented by granitic gneisses. Correspondingly, mineralogical and geochemical investigation of pegmatites pockets scattered within Abu Rusheid granitic gneisses revealed the presence of Hf-zircon, ferrocolumbite and uranyl silicate minerals (uranophane and kasolite. Electronmicroprobe analyses revealed the presence of Nb-Ta multioxide minerals (ishikawaite, uranopyrochlore, and fergusonite, uraninite, thorite and cassiterite as numerous inclusions in the recorded Hf-zircon and ferrocolumbite minerals.Abu Rusheid pegmatites are found as small and large bodies that occur as simple and complex (zoned pegmatites.Abu Rusheid rare-metal pegmatites occur as steeply dipping bodies of variable size, ranging from 1 to 5 m in width and 10 to 50 m in length. The zoned pegmatites are composed of wall zone of coarser granitic gneisses, intermediated zone of K-feldspar and pocket of mica (muscovite and biotite, and core of quartz and pocket ofmica with lenses of rare metals.The zircon is of bipyramidal to typical octahedral form and short prisms. Because the zircon of the investigated Abu Rushied pegmatite frequently contains hafnium in amounts ranging between 2.31 and 11.11%, the studied zircon was designated as Hf-rich zircon. This zircon commonly exhibits a normal zoning with rims consistentlyhigher in Hf than cores. The bright areas in the crystal either in core or rim showed a remarkable enrichment in hafnium content (8.83–11.11% with respect to the dark zones (3.19%. The investigated ferroclumbite commonly exhibits zoning; the dark zone is low in the Ta and U but the light zone is enriched in Ta (13% and U (1%. EMPAanalyses indicate the chemical composition of ishikawaite with U ranging from 0.68 to 0.79 per formula unit.Uranopyrochlore species has dominant uranium in the A

  5. Seasonal variations in the biochemical composition of some common seaweed species from the coast of Abu Qir Bay, Alexandria, Egypt

    Hanan M. Khairy; Shimaa M. El-Shafay

    2013-01-01

    Variations in protein, carbohydrate, lipid, ash, moisture, fatty acid and aminoacid contents of the seaweeds Ulva lactuca Linnaeus (Chlorophyta),Jania rubens (Linnaeus) J.V. Lamouroux and Pterocladia capillacea (S.G. Gmelin) Bornet(Rhodophyta) were studied seasonally from spring to autumn 2010. The seaweeds were collected from a rocky site near Boughaz El-Maadya on the coast of Abu Qir Bay east of Alexandria, Egypt. Remarkable seasonal variations were recorded in the levels of the studied pa...

  6. Interruption of Onchocerca volvulus transmission in the Abu Hamed focus, Sudan.

    Higazi, Tarig B; Zarroug, Isam M A; Mohamed, Hanan A; Elmubark, Wigdan A; Deran, Tong Chor M; Aziz, Nabil; Katabarwa, Moses; Hassan, Hassan K; Unnasch, Thomas R; Mackenzie, Charles D; Richards, Frank; Hashim, Kamal

    2013-07-01

    Abu Hamed, Sudan, the northernmost location of onchocerciasis in the world, began community-directed treatment with ivermectin (CDTI) in 1998, with annual treatments enhanced to semiannual in 2007. We assessed the status of the parasite transmission in 2011 entomologically, parasitologically, and serologically. O-150 pool screening showed no parasite DNA in 17,537 black flies collected in 2011 (95% confidence interval upper limit [95% CI UL] = 0.023). Skin microfilariae, nodules, and signs of skin disease were absent in 536 individuals in seven local communities. Similarly, no evidence of Onchocerca volvulus Ov16 antibodies was found in 6,756 school children ≤ 10 years (95% CI UL = 0.03%). Because this assessment of the focus meets the 2001 World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for interrupted transmission, treatment was halted in 2012, and a post-treatment surveillance period was initiated in anticipation of declaration of disease elimination in this area. We provide the first evidence in East Africa that long-term CDTI alone can interrupt transmission of onchocerciasis. PMID:23690554

  7. Elemen Kebangsawanan dalam Pemilihan Pemimpin: Analisis Kontekstual Pemilihan Saidina Abu Bakr, Muawiyyah serta Kesultanan Melayu

    Mohd Haidhar Kamarzaman

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Pemilihan pemimpin negara dalam Islam merupakan tugas yang berat ini selaras dengan kepentingannya dilihat sebagai pengganti Rasulullah (s.a.w iaitu menyebarkan Islam dan mentadbir kelangsungan Islam. Namun yang menjadi fokus kepada penulisan ini adalah faktor kebangsawanan dalam pelantikan pemimpin dalam Islam. Kajian ini memfokuskan kepada sejarah bagaimana elemen kebangsawanan kaum Quraisy bagi Saidina Abu Bakar r.a menjadi faktor yang berpengaruh dalam pelantikan beliau sebagai khalifah Islam yang pertama, Muawiyyah sebagai pemimpin Bani Umayyah yang pertama dan kebangsawanan dalam pemilihan pemimpin di Tanah Melayu seterusnya merentasi perbahasannya ke Malaysia dari sudut pelantikan kesultanan dan pembesar melayu serta pelantikan Perdana Menteri yang mewakili era moden. Metodologi yang digunakan adalah kajian kepustakaan dengan merujuk segala karya-karya berkaitan perkara yang dibincangkan dalam kajian ini. Hasil kajian dalam penulisan ini adalah kebangsawanan merupakan satu faktor yang melengkapkan pemilihan pemimpin walaupun bukan satu syarat yang muktamad dalam Islam. Bahkan istilah kebangsawanan itu juga digunakan mengikut kesesuaian budaya setempat sebagaimana yang ditunjuki dalam dua konteks pemilhan khalifah Islam yang pertama, Muawiyyah dan Tanah Melayu seterusnya Malaysia.

  8. Distribution of REE in shales overlying the Abu Tartur phosphorite deposit, Western Desert, Egypt

    The phosphorite deposit of Abu-Tartur plateau, Western Desert, Egypt is one of the largest phosphorite deposits of the world. Previous investigations had revealed that these deposits contain appreciable amounts of rare earth elements (REE) reaching up to 2000 ppm. The distribution pattern of REE indicate terrestrial origin, whereas the phosphorites are of marine origin. This situation suggests that the REE have been remobilized and incorporated into the phosphorites postdepositionally. For this reason it was found of interest to investigate the REE distribution within the overlying shales and their association with different minerals. Samples from the phosphorites and overlying shales have been provided by the Geological Survey and Mining Authority, Egypt. Both ICP-AES and ICP-MS techniques were used for the quantitative determination of the individual REE. Normalized distribution patterns prove that REE in both phosphorites and shales are of terrestrial origin. The vertical distribution of REE in m% within the overlying shales and the abnormally high concentrations of REE in this formation relative to their normal background values in addition to the association of REE with aluminum silicate minerals and not with apatite (which is found in very low concentrations) all suggest that the provenance of REE is the overlying shales. More detailed studies have to be carried out to verify this finding. (orig.)

  9. Bio leaching of Uranium - bearing material from Abu Thor area, West Central Sinai, Egypt for recovering uranium

    A uranium-bearing material was recorded within the Intra-Carboniferous Paleokarst Profile of Um-Bogma Formation at Abu Thor area, West Central Sinai, Egypt. The present paper is concerned with the bio leaching of U and Cu using Aspergillus Niger (A. Niger) followed their proper recovery. The working Abu Thor representative sample assays 0.22% U as the element of interest as well as up to 25% CuO beside the other rock constituents SiO2 (33%), Al2O3 (10.4%) and CaO(8.5%). The effective bio leaching of U and Cu from Abu Thor ore sample using A.Niger was performed at the following optimum conditions: an incubation time of 6 days, sample/ liquid (S/L) ratio of 1/10, ph value of 1 and a temperature of 60 degree C. The prepared bio leach liquor assays 0.19 g/l of U and 15.8 g/l of Cu with leaching efficiencies of 97% and 79%, respectively. Uranium was recovered using 25% TBP in kerosene at O/A ratio of 1/1 and contact time of 5 min with achieved extraction efficiency of 96%. However the stripping of U was conducted by using 8% Na2CO3 at A/O ratio of 1/1 and contact time of 5 min with stripping efficiency reached 99%. On the other hand, Cu was directly precipitated as CuS using the freshly released H2S gas with the addition of solid Na2S. The optimum precipitation conditions were S/L ratio of 1/100, ph 1.5 and room temperature where the precipitation efficiency of Cu achieved 99%

  10. Abu Ghraib and Beyond: Torture as an Extension of the Desiring Machine

    Hania Nashef

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In his discussion of Dante’s Inferno, Edward Said writes that “Maometto” or Mohammed occupies the eighth circle in the nine circles of Hell, belonging to “a rigid hierarchy of evils.”  According to Said, “Maometto” is “endlessly being cleft in two from his chin to his anus,” a punishment in Dante’s belief is well deserved because of Maometto’s sensuality and “pretensions to theological eminence.”  Such graphic description of torment evokes scenes of torture we have of late witnessed in Abu Ghreib and Guantanamo.  Prisoners, not only, were subjected to physical abuse but were also subjected to acts of sexual perversion as was revealed by the photos.  Furthermore, the latter showed those who partook in these actions seemed to be enjoying the power that the exercise of torture gave them.  Robert J.C. Young states that Colonialism “was not only a machine of war … but also a desiring machine.”  This poses the question as to whether torture does allow for the enactment of repressed desire by allowing it to surface by providing it with a venue in which it becomes acceptable.  Moreover, does Colonialism in its previous or in its current form, only sustain itself fundamentally through constant violence, of which perversion is a vital component as these practices are playing into the repertoire of the evil East, or is the perversion an extension of a suppressed Oedipus complex?  

  11. Antioxidant activity and mineral composition of three Mediterranean common seaweeds from Abu-Qir Bay, Egypt.

    Khairy, Hanan M; El-Sheikh, Mohamed A

    2015-09-01

    Antioxidant activity and mineral composition were evaluated seasonally from spring to autumn 2010 in the three common seaweeds Ulva lactuca Linnaeus (Chlorophyta), Jania rubens (Linnaeus) J.V. Lamouroux and Pterocladia capillacea (S.G. Gmelin) Bornet (Rhodophyta). The antioxidant activity was measured with β-carotene, total phenol content and DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl). Seaweeds were collected from the rocky site near Boughaz El-Maadya Abu-Qir Bay of Alexandria, Egypt. The results showed maximum increase of β-carotene in P. capillacea during summer. A significant increase in total phenolic content at P ⩽ 0.05 was found in the red alga (J. rubens) during summer. Also, U. lactuca showed the maximum antioxidant scavenging activity especially during summer. Minerals in all investigated samples were higher than those in conventional edible vegetables. Na/K ratio ranged between 0.78 and 2.4 mg/100 g, which is a favorable value. All trace metals exceeded the recommended doses by Reference Nutrient Intake (RNI). During summer season, it was found that Cu = 2.02 ± 0.13 and Cr = 0.46 ± 0.14 mg/100 g in U. lactuca and Fe had a suitable concentration (18.37 ± 0.5 mg/100 g) in P. capillacea. The studied species were rich in carotenoids, phenolic compounds, DPPH free radicals and minerals, therefore, they can be used as potential source of health food in human diets and may be of use to food industry. PMID:26288568

  12. Genesis of Uranium in the younger granites of gabal abu hawis area, central eastern desert of Egypt

    The younger granites cropping out in gabal abu hawis area are considered as uraniferous (fertile) granites (the fertile is mainly is mainly attributed to presence of radioactive zircon). Abu hawis granitic pluton is dissected by joints faults of different trends forming two mineralized shear zones in the northern peripheries and southern border. The younger granites hosting uranium mineralizations along the two mineralized shear zones. The uranium minerals include uranophane and carnotite. The altered granites have much lower Th/U ratios (0.03-0.10) than those of the fresh granites (1.69-2.05), indicating strong mobilization of uranium in this pluton by super-heated solutions that resulted from supergence meteoric water as well as U-addition by hypogene fluids. These solutions could pass through the structural network of fractures, joints and fault planes and have leached some of labile uranium from the surrounding rocks and/or the younger granites themselves. Then, changing in the physicochemical conditions of these solutions caused uranium precipitation as uranium minerals filling the cracks in the rock and/or adsorbed on the surface of clay minerals and iron oxides in the two shear zones

  13. GEOPHYSICAL CONTRIBUTION TO EVALUATE THE HYDROTHERMAL POTENTIALITY IN EGYPT: CASE STUDY: HAMMAM FARAUN AND ABU SWIERA, SINAI, EGYPT

    Taha Ayman I

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The geothermal potentiality in Egypt has a minor significance in the aspects of the Egyptians life, while the hydraulic and hydrocarbonresources are more convenient. However, some other applications for the geothermal activity such as direct warming, pools, and physiotherapy make the research for geothermal as requested. In the present work, two locations with rather good geothermal potentiality will be studied; these are HammamFaraun and Abu Swiera (water temperature is about 70 °C; at Sinai Peninsula.
    The contribution of the geophysical techniques to evaluate such potentiality could be considered, as its capability to identifythe reservoir characteristics and its implementation is acceptable. Therefore, a geophysical survey program has been conductedin terms of seventeen vertical electrical soundings (VES and two wide profiles of Control Source Electromagnetic (CSEM forward step at HammamFaraun and two wide profiles of CSEM at Abu Swiera. The geophysical techniques yield information on the spatial distribution of electrical conductivity, which is the most sensitive parameter to fluids in the rocks. 
    The analysis of the geophysical data, together with the field and geochemical studies lead to the conclusion that, the thermalwater in the subsurface formations might be considered as the preferred cause of the high conductivity in the subsurface on/close to the boarder of tectonically active regions, particularly, where the anomalous conductivity is correlated with high heat flow and other geophysical and geological parameters.

  14. Hydrography, nutrients and plankton abundance in the hot spot of Abu Qir Bay, Alexandria, Egypt

    N.E. ABDEL-AZIZ

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The hydrography, nutrient levels and plankton abundance were investigated monthly for a complete annual cycle in the southwestern part of Abu Qir Bay, the most polluted and biologically productive area on the Egyptian Mediterranean coast. Intense temporal and spatial variability was observed in all measured parameters characteristic of the effects of several effluents discharged into the bay. Based on the present investigation, the southwestern Bay can be divided ecologically and biologically into two parts: one including the near shore strip, which is directly affected by the waste waters, and a second comprising the southwestern part of the coastal strip and the offshore stations, both of which are relatively far away from the land-based effluents.The Bay water was characterized by low transparency (monthly average: 64-280 cm, dissolved oxygen (monthly average 2.0-6.8 mg/l and surface salinity (monthly average: 24.8-37.9 ppt, the highest limits usually being in the offshore section. Water fertility and plankton production were high in the Bay indicating an occasionally acute degree of eutrophication, particularly nearshore. Great variations occurred in the concentrations of nutrients throughout the year, with monthly averages of 0.8-50.88 mM for ammonia, 0.42-3.28 mM for nitrite, 1.29-17.36 mM for nitrate, 0.32-3.61 mM for reactive phosphate and 1.09-33.34 mM for reactive silicate. Similarly, the abundance of both phytoplankton and zooplankton showed pronounced temporal and spatial variability, whereas the monthly average chlorophyll-a fluctuated between 2.06 and 52.64 mg/l and zooplankton between 31x103 and 248.6x103 ind./m3. However, the absolute values of all parameters indicated remarkably wider ranges of variations.Significant correlation was found between chlorophyll-a and some ecological parameters like temperature, salinity, transparency, dissolved oxygen, nitrite and between zooplankton and temperature, while there was a significant

  15. Ekstraksi Kalium dari Abu Tandan Kosong Sawit Sebagai Katalis Pada Reaksi Transesterifikasi Minyak Sawit

    Mohammad Imaduddin

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Process of the transesterification reaction of palm oil with methanol by using ash of palm empty fruit bunches (EFB as base catalyst has been conducted. The studied variables were effect of weight ash of EFB (5, 10, 15, 20, 25 g and the molar ratio (3:1; 6:1; 9:1; and 12:1 of methanol to palm oil. Sample of ash was prepared through heating, screening, and reashing. A certain amount of ash was extracted in methanol with mixing for about 1 h at room temperature and the product was used as catlayst for transesterification process. The composition of the methyl esters (biodiesel was analyzed using GC-MS and 1H NMR, whereas characters of biodiesel were analyzed using ASTM methods. The results of AAS analysis showed that potassium carbonate content in ash of EFB was 25.92% w/w. The main components of biodiesel were mixture of methyl palmitate and methyl oleat as the major compounds. The increasing of EFB ash weight (catalyst concentration in reaction of transesterification enhanced the biodiesel conversion of 53.0; 76.9; 88.2; 90.5 and 97.8% (w/w respectively. The increasing of the molar ratio of methanol to palm oil, the biodiesel conversion enhanced too, that were 74.0; 90.5; 92.3 and 98.8% (w/w respectively. The properties of biodiesel were relatively conformed with specification of biodiesel (ASTM D 6751. © 2008 BCREC UNDIP. All rights reserved.(Received: 25th September 2008, Accepted: 5th October 2008[How to Cite: M. Imaduddin, Y. Yoeswono, I. Tahir. (2008. Ekstraksi Kalium dari Abu Tandan Kosong Sawit Sebagai Katalis Pada Reaksi Transesterifikasi Minyak Sawit. Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering and Catalysis, 3 (1-3: 14-20.  doi:10.9767/bcrec.3.1-3.7119.14-20][How to Link/DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9767/bcrec.3.1-3.7119.14-20 || or local:  http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/bcrec/article/view/7119][Cited by: Scopus 1 | ] 

  16. PEMBUATAN MMC BERBASIS TEKNOLOGI METALURGI SERBUK DENGAN BAHAN BAKU ALUMINIUM DARI LIMBAH KALENG MINUMAN DAN ADITIF ABU SEKAM PADI

    M. Akrom

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Komposit matriks logam (aluminium yang berasal dari limbah kaleng minuman dengan penguat partikel silikon karbida danpenguat tambahan abu sekam padi telah berhasil difabrikasi dengan metode teknologi metalurgi serbuk. Tujuan dari penelitian iniadalah merekayasa material baru yang murah akan tetapi memiliki mutu dan daya saing yang sangat baik. Penelitian ini terdiri daribeberapa tahap yakni, pembuatan bahan baku, pencampuran, pencetakan sampel, sintering dan pengujian. Dari hasil pengujianfisik diperoleh bahwa komposit matrik logam dengan penambahan abu sekam padi memiliki kerapatan lebih rendah dibandingkandengan komposit Al/SiC tanpa sekam padi, sedangkan sifat kekerasan dan kekuatannya jauh lebih besar dibandingkan Al/SiCtanpa penambahan abu sekam padi. Dari analisis XRD ditemukan bahwa terjadi penyebaran unsur utama Al, Si, senyawa SiC,serta timbul senyawa stabil MgAl O , Al O yang bersifat konstruktif yang dapat memberikan sifat mekanis yang baik bagi komposit,dan senyawa destruktif Al C yang bersifat korosif. Analisis SEM menunjukkan ukuran butiran partikel yang cenderung lebar danmemanjang, ikatan antar partikel penyusun bahan yang terbentuk cukup baik, sehingga memberikan sifat mekanis bahan yangbaik.Tidak tampaknya pori-pori bahan menunjukkan pula bahwa ikatan partikel antar bahan cukup baik. Metal (aluminium matrix composite originated from beverage can waste with carbide silicon particle reinforcement and additionalreinforcement of paddy chaff ash has been fabricated successfully by employing powder metallurgy technology method. Thepurpose of the research is to create a cheap new material, qualified and having high competitive value. This research wasconducted through several stages, those were making raw material, mixing, sample moulding, sintering, and testing. The result ofphysical test shows that metal matrix composite added by paddy chaff ash has lower density, stronger and bigger power comparedto Al/SiC composite without

  17. Gravity study of the Central African Rift system: A model of continental disruption 1. The Ngaoundere and Abu Gabra Rifts

    Browne, S. E.; Fairhead, J. D.

    1983-05-01

    A regional compilation of published and unpublished gravity data for Central Africa is presented and reveals the presence of a major rift system, called here, the Central African Rift System. It is proposed that the junction area between the Ngaoundere and Abu Gabra rift arms in Western Sudan forms an incipient intraplate, triple-junction with the as yet unfractured, but domally uplifted and volcanically active, Darfur swell. It is only the Darfur swell that shows any similarities to the uplift and rift history of East Africa. The other two rifts arms are considered to be structurally similar to the early stages of passive margin development and thus reflect more closely the initial processes of continental fragmentation than the structures associated with rifting in East Africa.

  18. Geologic and ground spectrometric prospecting of the Abu Rusheid-Sikeit Shear Zones, South Eastern desert, Egypt

    Abu Rusheid-Sikeit granitic rocks (ASG) crop out in a belt elongated N W-S E (6.0 km long and 2.5 km width). The southern part of the pluton is surrounded by layered meta gabbros thrust ed over ophiolitic melange taking capital letter U- shaped. On the N W end of the pluton, more thinning is common giving rise to reverse V-shaped. The granitic rocks are classified based on the textures and presence of micas: porphyritic biotite granite; biotite granite; two-mica granite and muscovite granite. Two nearly perpendicular profiles (N W-S E and N E-S W) were constructed with 200 m spacing intervals and are discussed in detail. Cataclastic rocks (3.0 km2) occupy the core of the granitic pluton and enclose a roof pendant of mafic-ultramafic rocks. The concave side of the U-shaped points toward the muscovite granite, whereas the reverse V-shaped points toward porphyritic biotite granite at the end of W.Sikeit followed by biotite granite and two mica granite with gradational contacts. Sharp intrusive contacts are present between cataclastic rocks and two mica granites. Cataclastic rocks are dissected by two breccia ted, discontinuous shear zones (BSZ) in relatively perpendicular directions (Ene - WSW and NNE - SSW). Basic dykes (chemical traps for uranium) are common along the BSZ, and are completely altered to clay minerals. Humanization, argillization, greisenization, silicification, albitization, fluoritization and pyritization are the main alteration processes. The BSZ are enriched in U, Cu, V, Sn, Zn, W and Rees. Abu Rusheid cataclastic rocks represent an important target for economic grade resources. (authors)

  19. Solostamenides paucitesticulatus n. sp. (Monogenoidea: Mazocraeidea: Microcotylidae) from the freshwater mullet Liza abu (Heckel) (Mugiliformes: Mugilidae) from Atatürk Reservoir on the Euphrates River in southern Turkey.

    Kritsky, Delane C; Öktener, Ahmet

    2015-06-01

    Solostamenides paucitesticulatus n. sp. (Monogenoidea: Microcotylidae) from the gills of the abu mullet Liza abu (Heckel) in Atatürk Reservoir in southern Turkey is described. Among other features, the new species is easily distinguished from its three congeners, Solostamenides mugilis (Vogt, 1879), Solostamenides pseudomugilis (Hargis, 1956) and Solostamenides polyorchis Zhang & Yang, 2001, by having fewer hooks on the male copulatory organ (11 to 14), testes (5 to 9), and haptoral clamps (31 to 47). PMID:25962461

  20. OXA-48-Producing Enterobacteriaceae Causing Bacteremia, United Arab Emirates

    Chulsoo Ahn

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available OXA-48-producing isolates were identified in approximately 4% and less than 1% of ESBL-producing and non-ESBL-producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae causing bacteremia at the largest tertiary hospital in Abu Dhabi.

  1. Araabiasse kavandatakse suurimat kunstikeskust / Kaire Talviste

    Talviste, Kaire, 1979-

    2007-01-01

    Araabia Ühendemiraatides Abu Dhabis valmib viis kunstimuuseumi. Ameerika arhitekt Frank O. Gehry projekteerib Guggenheimi muuseumi filiaali, Londonis elav iraaklanna Zaha Hadid kavandab teatrikompleksi, prantslane Jean Nouvel planeerib mikrolinna

  2. 77 FR 74010 - Application for Final Commitment for a Long-Term Loan or Financial Guarantee in Excess of $100...

    2012-12-12

    ... between Abu Dhabi and destinations in the Middle East, Africa, Europe, Asia and North America To the... provide services in competition with the exportation of goods or provision of services by a United...

  3. Masdar City : A Model of Urban Environmental Sustainability

    Kapil Bajaj

    2014-01-01

    Masdar City is an archeology project in Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates. Its core is a planned city, which is being built by Masdar, a subsidiary of Mubadala Development Company, with the majority of seed capital provided by the government of Abu Dhabi. Designed by the British architectural firm Foster and Partners and engineering and environmental consultancy Mott MacDonald, the city will rely entirely on solar energy and other renewable energy sources, with a zero waste ecology. It i...

  4. Developing a Strategy for Increasing the Efficiency of the Marketing of Selected Agricultural Produce in the United Arab Emirates.

    Alshamry, Nabeel Abdulla A Taha

    1994-01-01

    This thesis investigates the reasons why the level of wastage of agricultural output, particularly of fruit and vegetables, is very high in the UAE in general and Abu Dhabi Municipality in particular, and the role of marketing in the situation. The Abu Dhabi agricultural region was used as the case-study for the investigation. After some literature review, the study examines the performance of the agricultural sector in the UAE since the establishment of agricultural policies geared toward...

  5. Optogenetics: illuminating the neural bases of rodent behavior

    Lobo, Mary Kay

    2014-01-01

    T Chase Francis,1 Dipesh Chaudhury,2 Mary Kay Lobo1 1Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA; 2Department of Biology, New York University Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Abstract: In vivo optogenetics has provided researchers with the ability to delve deeper into the neural basis of behavior by driving cell-type specific circuit connections within and between brain regions. The diverse toolbox available for circuit- and...

  6. The meaning of education after Abu Ghraib: revisiting Adorno’s politics of education O que pode significar a educação após Abu Ghraib: revisitando a política de educação de Adorno

    Henry A. Giroux

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available How might education be used to question the common sense of the war on terrorism or to rouse citizens to challenge the social, political, and cultural conditions that led to the horrible events of Abu Ghraib? Just as crucially, we must ponder the limits of education. Is there a point where extreme conditions shortcircuit our moral instincts and ability to think and act rationally? If this is the case, what responsibility do we have to challenge the reckless violence-as-fi rst-resort ethos of the Bush administration? Such questions extend beyond the events of Abu Ghraib, but, at the same time, Abu Ghraib provides an opportunity to connect the sadistic treatment of Iraqi prisoners to the task of redefi ning pedagogy as an ethical practice, the sites in which pedagogy takes place, and the consequences of pedagogy to rethinking the meaning of politics in the twenty-fi rst century. In order to confront the pedagogical and political challenges arising from the reality of Abu Ghraib, I want to revisit a classic essay by Theodor Adorno in which he tries to grapple with the relationship between education and morality in light of the horrors of Auschwitz. Keywords: Education. Adorno. Auschwitz. Abu Ghraib. Como pode a educação ser usada para questionar o senso comum da guerra ao terrorismo ou para insuflar os cidadãos a desafi ar as condições sociais, políticas e culturais que conduziram aos eventos horríveis de abusos contra prisioneiros iraquianos na prisão americana de Abu Ghraib? Só assim, de modo crucial, podemos ponderar os limites da educação. Até que ponto as condições extremas causam curto-circuito em nossos instintos morais e em nossa capacidade de pensar e agir racionalmente? Se for esse o caso, qual nossa responsabilidade em desafi ar o etos imprudente da “violência como primeiro recurso” da administração de Bush? Tais questões estendem-se além dos eventos de Abu Ghraib, mas, ao mesmo tempo, Abu Ghraib fornece uma

  7. Hydrocarbon potential evaluation of the source rocks from the Abu Gabra Formation in the Sufyan Sag, Muglad Basin, Sudan

    Qiao, Jinqi; Liu, Luofu; An, Fuli; Xiao, Fei; Wang, Ying; Wu, Kangjun; Zhao, Yuanyuan

    2016-06-01

    The Sufyan Sag is one of the low-exploration areas in the Muglad Basin (Sudan), and hydrocarbon potential evaluation of source rocks is the basis for its further exploration. The Abu Gabra Formation consisting of three members (AG3, AG2 and AG1 from bottom to top) was thought to be the main source rock formation, but detailed studies on its petroleum geology and geochemical characteristics are still insufficient. Through systematic analysis on distribution, organic matter abundance, organic matter type, organic matter maturity and characteristics of hydrocarbon generation and expulsion of the source rocks from the Abu Gabra Formation, the main source rock members were determined and the petroleum resource extent was estimated in the study area. The results show that dark mudstones are the thickest in the AG2 member while the thinnest in the AG1 member, and the thickness of the AG3 dark mudstone is not small either. The AG3 member have developed good-excellent source rock mainly with Type I kerogen. In the Southern Sub-sag, the AG3 source rock began to generate hydrocarbons in the middle period of Bentiu. In the early period of Darfur, it reached the hydrocarbon generation and expulsion peak. It is in late mature stage currently. The AG2 member developed good-excellent source rock mainly with Types II1 and I kerogen, and has lower organic matter abundance than the AG3 member. In the Southern Sub-sag, the AG2 source rock began to generate hydrocarbons in the late period of Bentiu. In the late period of Darfur, it reached the peak of hydrocarbon generation and its expulsion. It is in middle mature stage currently. The AG1 member developed fair-good source rock mainly with Types II and III kerogen. Throughout the geological evolution history, the AG1 source rock has no effective hydrocarbon generation or expulsion processes. Combined with basin modeling results, we have concluded that the AG3 and AG2 members are the main source rock layers and the Southern Sub-sag is

  8. Kinetic Studies on ferrocolumbite Concentrate by Sulfuric Acid Dissolution at Abu Rusheid Cataclastic Rocks, South Eastern Desert, Egypt

    A kinetic study of the leaching of Abu Rusheid ferrocolumbite concentrate sample in sulfuric acid media under atmospheric pressure has been investigated. The effects of reaction temperature, sulfuric acid concentration, stirring speed, particle size and solid/liquid mass ratio on the dissolution rate of ferrocolumbite were examined. It is found that the dissolution rate of ferrocolumbite significantly increases with increasing acid concentration, temperature, stirring speed and decreasing the particle size. By using 3M H2SO4 solution, about 89% of ferrocolumbite was dissolved within 140 minutes using < 0.053 mm particle size at a temperature of 75 °C and a stirring speed of 360 rpm. The experimental data were well interpreted with a shrinking core model under diffusion control through the product layer, where the following rate equation was established:1+2(1-X)-3(1-X)2/3=6uMDCAk/dr2=k2t The result of the study indicated that the leaching data fitted a diffusion model. Values of 0.7993,23.64 kJmol-1 and 1.24 X 10-3 min-1 were calculated as reaction order, activation energy and Arrhenius constant, respectively for the dissolution process.

  9. ATLAS virtual visit features Al-Quds University, a Palestinian university with campuses in Abu Dis and al-Bireh.

    claudia marcelloni

    2012-01-01

    Mon, 02 Apr - 14:00 CET (15:00 local) ATLAS virtual visit features Al-Quds University, a Palestinian university with campuses in Abu Dis and al-Bireh. As part of the "Physics Without Frontiers" project, funded by ICTP, Al-Quds is hosting a one day particle physics masterclass. During the day the students are given an introduction to particle physics, the LHC and the ATLAS Experiment, before having the chance to analyse real LHC data. This virtual visit comprises of a live tour around the ATLAS control room and the opportunity to ask questions to the ATLAS physicists. Al-Quds Physics has active research in accelerators, biophysics, laser, nuclear & particle, plasma, and solid state. A new collaboration is underway Forschungszentrum Jülich in spintronics, bioelectronics Alquds Physics is involved in the regional synchrotron SESAME in Jordan. Members include nine states from the region and over 10 observers worldwide. SESAME was established a long the same philosophy behind building CERN.

  10. A measure of community health needs and actions in a rural area of Iraq. The Abu-al-Khasib experience.

    Joseph, G; Sugathan, T N; Ramankutty, P; Alkafajei, A M; Antony, R; George, A; Habib, O S; Yacoub, A A; Mahmood, D A; Ajeel, N A

    1982-01-01

    A longitudinal enquiry was carried out among randomly selected households in four villages in Abu-al-Khasib district of Iraq, to study health needs as perceived by the community and actions people take when the need arises. Almost three-quarters of the spells of sickness as perceived by the community were among mothers and children. Most of the morbidity was found to be within the scope of preventive services at the local health centre level. Health centre services were underutilised. Only half of the spells of sickness were reported to the local health centres for medical care; a reason for this phenomenon is the emerging preference for care at the hands of clinical specialists. The action the community takes when a health need arises depends on their perception and this is determined by rapid social and educational development. The need to increase demand for normal care, especially that of mother and child, is stressed; this care may be strengthened through introduction of a domiciliary component. PMID:7179469

  11. Total dissolved and total particulate copper in Abu-Kir bay a coastal Mediterranean basin under stress

    Saad, M. A. H.; Badr, N. B.

    2003-05-01

    Abu-Kir Bay, a shallow semicircular basin east of Alexandria, has an area of 360 km^2, an average depth of 12 m and a volume of 4.32 km^3. It receives Nile water. brackish lakewater and highly polluted industrial waters. Vertical water samples were collected seasonally from the bay for studying the distribution of total dissolved copper (TDCu), total suspended matter (TSM) and total particulate copper (TPCu). The depth differences of TDCu values were associated with variations in salinities between the water layers. The increase in TDCu content at low salinity in the mixed zone is due to local anthropogenic input from Lake Edku. The stepwise regression model shows that pH was the main factor controlling the TDCu variations, especially at Tabia Sector (TS). Copper was transported mainly to the bay in particulate form, following the considerable input of TSM. During friction of the in-and outflowing water layers with different salinities at the Maadia Sector (MS), a complicated adsorption/desorption behavior of TSM could be expressed as a result of changes in pH, ionic Srength and solution composition. The enrichment of TpCu near the outfalls decreased gradually seaward. A significant positive correlation existed between TPCu and TSM in the surfixe layer of TS.

  12. Organic tracers in sediments from the coastal zone of Ras Abu el-Darag, Gulf of Suez

    Rushdi, Ahmed I.; Kassim, Tarek A. T. A.; Simoneit, Bernd R. T.

    2009-10-01

    Sediment samples from the coastal zone of the Gulf of Suez contain a variety of organic compounds from anthropogenic and natural sources. A total of 12 surface samples of bottom sediments were collected with an Ekman grab sampler along an off-shore transect south of Ras Abu el-Darag. The samples were extracted with a mixture of dichloromethane and methanol (3:1 v/v) after drying and sieving through 250 μm mesh. The extracts were derivatized and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in order to characterize the chemical composition and sources of the organic components. Marine with minor terrestrial biota were the major natural sources of organic tracers and included n-alkanoic acids, sterols and saccharides (5.7-76.7%). Anthropogenic sources, from petroleum related activities, detergent usage for spill cleaning and littering, are indicated by the presence of n-alkanes with carbon preference index ≤1.0, hopanes, steranes, unresolved complex mixture of branched and cyclic hydrocarbons, alkyl nitriles, alkamides and plasticizers. Their total relative concentrations ranged from 23.3 to 97.3% of the total extracts. Petroleum residues from natural seepage may also be part of these hydrocarbons. The levels of anthropogenic inputs decrease from about 94% in coastal zone sediments to about 20% in sediments from the reef front.

  13. Seasonal variations in the biochemical composition of some common seaweed species from the coast of Abu Qir Bay, Alexandria, Egypt

    Hanan M. Khairy

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Variations in protein, carbohydrate, lipid, ash, moisture, fatty acid and aminoacid contents of the seaweeds Ulva lactuca Linnaeus (Chlorophyta,Jania rubens (Linnaeus J.V. Lamouroux and Pterocladia capillacea (S.G. Gmelin Bornet(Rhodophyta were studied seasonally from spring to autumn 2010. The seaweeds were collected from a rocky site near Boughaz El-Maadya on the coast of Abu Qir Bay east of Alexandria, Egypt. Remarkable seasonal variations were recorded in the levels of the studied parameters in the three species. Pterocladia capillacea was characterized by the highest protein andcarbohydrate content throughout the different seasons, whereas Ulva lactuca contained more lipids (4.09 ± 0.2% than J. rubens and P. capillacea. The highest total fatty acids were recorded in J. rubens during the three seasons, while saturated fatty acids were predominant in P. capillacea during spring. This is due mainly to the presence of palmitic acid(C16:0, which made up 74.3% of the saturated fatty acids. The highest level of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA in these algae was measured in J. rubens; DHA (22:6ω3 was the main acid, making up 26.4% of the total fatty acids especiallyduring summer. Proline was the major component of the amino acids in the three algal species, with maximum amounts in U. lactuca.

  14. 新型防水系统在阿联酋纳吉马特项目地下箱涵结构中的应用%A New Water Proofing System Applied in Underground Culverts of Najmat Project in Abu Dhabi of UAE

    徐立强

    2011-01-01

    The Water Proofing System for underground culvert of NAJMAT project in UAE shall be of high performance and properties to withstand complicated conditions, such as water resistance against sea water pressure of 10 m depth, hot weather resistance, and chemical resistance of dilute acids, dilute alkalis, sulphates and chlorides etc. This paper introduces the application of the new water proofing system mainly consist of PVC membrane and water stop belts in the project, and the material property, layout and section design, method statement for installation and site inspection & testing. The result shows that the new water proofing system performs a remarkable function in compliance with the specified requirement.%阿联酋纳吉玛特(NAJMAT)项目地下箱涵工程的防水系统需要长期经受多种恶劣条件的综合作用,如10 m深海水压力和浸泡,以及耐高温气候、酸、碱、硫酸盐、氯离子腐蚀等.文章介绍以PVC防水膜和止水带为主要结构的新型防水系统在工程项目中的应用,对其材料特性、结构设计、施工工艺流程和现场检验情况进行介绍.结果表明,该新型防水系统防水作用明显,满足设计要求.

  15. Environmental implications of the laboratory gamma ray spectrometric measurements made on the Black Sand Beach deposit of the Abu Khashaba radioactive prospect, Rosetta, Egypt

    Laboratory gamma-ray spectrometric measurements carried out on the surficial black sand beach deposits of Abu Khashaba radioactive prospect located 5km east of Rosetta, north Nile Delta. Analysis of the acquired spectrometric measurements indicated that both thorium and uranium are the two radioelements that significantly contributed to the measured total natural gamma-ray flux, rather than potassium. This is mainly attributed to the nature of the mineralogical composition of these beach deposits. On the other hand, qualitative interpretation of the produced maps of the three radioelements: potassium, uranium and thorium, supplemented by the examination of their frequency distributions and application of the homogeneity statistical chi-squared test has shown pronounced uranium and thorium comparable zonal distribution patterns that are consistent with the spatial distribution of the heavy mineral concentrations in the studied black-sand deposits. Concentrations of natural radioelements: potassium uranium and thorium in the investigated radioactive black-sand deposits were used in producing the environmental total gamma radiation exposure rate map of the studied Abu Khashaba beach and estimation of the mean background levels of the total gamma radiation dose rates. Two zones of contrasting average gamma exposure rates were outlined over the studied Abu Khashabe beach. The first zone displayed an average exposure rate of 13.9 μR/h (average dose rate 115.6 millirem/year) whereas, the second zone displayed a relatively lower average exposure rate of 3.9 μR/h (average dose rate 32.1 millirem/year). However in order to have better information about the actual levels of radiations, the contributions from other radionuclides that have not been taken into account should be considered

  16. Organic geochemical characteristics of the Lower Cretaceous Abu Gabra Formation in the Great Moga oilfield, Muglad Basin, Sudan: Implications for depositional environment and oil-generation potential

    Makeen, Yousif M.; Abdullah, Wan Hasiah; Hakimi, Mohammed Hail; Elhassan, Osman M. A.

    2015-03-01

    Organic-rich sediments within the Abu Gabra Formation from three wells in the Great Moga oilfield were analyzed using organic geochemistry and organic petrology. The analyzed samples generally contain more than 2.0 wt.% TOC and have a very good to excellent hydrocarbon generative potential. This is supported by high bitumen extract and hydrocarbon (HCs) yields with values exceeding 4000 and 2000 ppm, respectively. The Abu Gabra also have moderate to high hydrogen index (HI) values of 287-865 mg HC/g TOC and large amounts of amorphous organic matter and alginite, consistent with oil-prone Types I and Type II kerogen. Vitrinite reflectance (0.59-0.72) %Ro and pyrolysis Tmax (430-438 °C) indicate an early oil window stage. This is supported by bitumen/TOC ratios (0.04-0.09) and biomarker thermal maturity parameters with equilibrium C32 homohopane 22S/(22S + 22R) ratios (0.50-58), moretane/hopane (0.11-018) and C29ββ/(ββ + αα) (0.53-0.73) and 20S/(20S + 20R) ratios (0.26-0.48). The biomarkers are characterized by a dominance of low to medium molecular weight n-alkane compounds with significant waxy alkanes (n-C25-n-C34), moderately high Pr/Ph ratios (1.17-2.51), high abundance of C27 regular steranes, high C27/C29 regular sterane ratios, the presence of tricyclic terpanes and relatively low sterane/hopane ratios. These data indicate that the organic-rich sediments of the Abu Gabra Formation contain a mixture of aquatic (algal and bacterial) and terrigenous organic matter, deposited in a lacustrine environment and preserved under suboxic conditions.

  17. Effect of cyclone Nilofar on mesospheric wave dynamics as inferred from optical nightglow observations from Mount Abu, India

    Singh, Ravindra P.; Pallamraju, Duggirala

    2016-06-01

    Mesospheric nightglow intensities at three emissions (O2(0-1), OH(6-2) bands, and Na(589.3 nm)) from a low-latitude location, Gurushikhar, Mount Abu (24.6°N, 72.8°E), in India, showed similar wave features on 26 October 2014 with a common periodicity of around 4 h. A convective activity due to the cyclone Nilofar, which had developed in the Arabian Sea during 25-31 October 2014, was found to be the source as this too showed a gravity wave period coherent with that of the mesospheric emissions on the 26th. The periodicities at the source region were obtained using outgoing longwave radiation fluxes (derived from Kalpana-1 satellite) which were used as a tracer of tropospheric activity. Cyclone Nilofar had two centers located at a distance of 1103 and 1665 km from the observational station. From the phase offset in time between residuals of O2 and OH emission intensities and the observed common periodicity the vertical phase speed and wavelength have been found to be 1.13 ms-1 and 16.47 km. From the wavelet analyses it is seen that the travel time of the wave from the convection region to O2 emission height was around 8.1 h. From these observations the horizontal phase speed and wavelength of the wave in the mesosphere were calculated to be 37.8 ms-1 and 553 km. These results thus provide not only unambiguous evidence on the vertical coupling of atmospheres engendered by the tropical cyclone Nilofar but also the characteristics of waves that exist during such cyclonic events.

  18. New ceramic data from East Kalimantan : the cord-marked and red-slipped sherds of Liang Abu's layer 2 and Kalimantan's potter chronology

    Archaeological research in the Liang Abu rock shelter (East Kalimantan) led to the discovery and analysis of a pottery assemblage including red-slipped, cord-marked and incised pottery sherds, radiocarbon dated to 1672 ± 21 BP and 1524 ± 22 BP. In order to discuss our findings we undertake a reappraisal of the pottery material and associated radiocarbon dates from archaeological sites on Borneo Island, which provide us with an appropriate framework for a comparative analysis. This allows us to to include the inland region of Kalimantan in the technological network of Neolithic Island South East Asia. (author)

  19. The stinging Apidae and Vespidae (Hymenoptera:Apocrita) in Iranian islands, Qeshm, Abu-Musa, Great Tunb and Lesser Tunb on the Persian Gulf

    Mehdi Khoobdel; Maryam Tavassoli; Mehdi Salari; Fateme Firozi

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To study the stinging flying Hymenoptera (Apidae and Vespidae) fauna in four Iranian Islands, Qeshm, Greater Tunb, Lesser Tunb and Abu-Musa on the Persian Gulf.Methods:hashing from March 2011 to July 2012. The flies were captured by used of Malaise trap, fly trap, bottle trap and insect net-Results: In this study, 11 species of stinging Hymenoptera were reported for the first time in Persian Gulf region.Conclusions:Some of this species such as Vespa orientalis and Polistes olivaceus are more common in the Persian Gulf islands and can cause clinical problem to islands resident and travelers.

  20. "Islam" as the national identity for the formation of Pakistan: the political thought of Muhammad Iqbal and Abu'l 'Ala Mawdudi

    Carimo Mohomed

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In 1930, Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938 devised for the first time the creation of a separate state for the Indian Muslims, for whom, according to him, the main formative force through History had been Islam. Although predicated upon secular ideologies, the Pakistan movement was able to mobilize the masses only by appealing to Islam. Nationalism became dependent on Islam and, as a result, politicized the faith. A number of Muslim religious and communal organizations pointed to the importance of promoting Muslim nationalism, political consciousness and communal interests. As the creation of Pakistan became more and more likely, Abu'l 'Ala Mawdudi (1903-1979 increased his attacks on the Muslim League, objecting to the idea of Muslim nationalism because it would exclude Islam from India. The increasingly communal character of the Indian politics of the time, and the appeal made to religious symbols in the formulation of new political alliances and programmes by various Muslim groups as well as Muslim League leaders, created a climate in which Mawdudi's theological discourse found understanding and relevance. This paper, using especially the political thought of Muhammad Iqbal and Abu'l 'Ala Mawdudi, analyses how Islam was used to justify a separate state for the Indian Muslims, and the impacts on and challengesto the political process and its evolution, at the same time that it concludes that "Islam", as a political symbol, can have many forms according to the ideas previously held by those who use it.

  1. The application of petrophysics to resolve fluid flow units and reservoir quality in the Upper Cretaceous Formations: Abu Sennan oil field, Egypt

    Lala, Amir Maher Sayed; El-sayed, Nahla Abd El-Aziz

    2015-02-01

    Petrophysical flow unit concept can be used to resolve some of the key challenges faced in the characterization of hydrocarbon reservoirs. The present study deals with petrophysical evaluation of some physical properties of the Upper Cretaceous rock samples obtained from the Abu-Roash and the Bahariya Formations at southwest of Sennan oil field in the Western Desert of Egypt. The aim of this study was achieved through carrying out some petrophysical measurements of porosity, bulk density, permeability, mean hydraulic radius (Rh), irreducible water saturation, and radius of pore throat at mercury saturation of 35% in order to determine reservoir characteristics. In this study, the relationships obtained between the measured petrophysical properties such as porosity, permeability and pore throat flow unit types were established for 53 sandstone core samples obtained from two different stratigraphic units. Flow zone indicator (FZI) has been calculated to quantify the flow character of the Abu-Roash and Bahariya reservoir rocks based on empirically derived equations of robust correlation coefficients. The correlations among porosity, permeability, bulk density, mean hydraulic radius and pore throat flow properties reflect the most important reservoir behavior characteristics. The calculated multiple regression models indicate close correlation among petrophysical properties and Rh and R35%. The obtained models are able to predict Rh and R35% by using porosity and permeability, to map reservoir performance and predict the location of stratigraphic traps.

  2. THE EFFECTS OF ESP COURSES AND CONTENT-FAMILIARTY ON THE STUDENTS’ READING COMPREHENSION AND LANGUAGE PROFICIENCY An Action Research on the Master Students of Developmental Psychology at Abu Bakr Belkaid University, Tlemcen.

    Awicha, BENABDALLAH

    2014-01-01

    This present work is an empirical classroom-based research on the master students of Developmental Psychology at ABU-BAKR BELKAID University of Tlemcen aiming at investigating whether content-familiarity along with strategy-training may affect these students’ reading comprehension and language proficiency

  3. Study of thermal structure differences from coordinated lidar observations over Mt. Abu (24.5° N, 72.7° E) and Gadanki (13.5° N, 79.2° E)

    Sharma, Som; Chandra, H.; Lal, S.; Acharya, Y. B.; Jayaraman, A.; Gadhavi, H.; Sridharan, S.; Chandra, S.

    2015-06-01

    Rayleigh lidars at Gadanki (13.5° N, 79.2° E), a tropical site, and at Mt. Abu (24.5° N, 72.7° E), a subtropical site, in India were operated simultaneously during the months of March, April, and May 2004. Significant differences are found in the temperatures over both the locations. Higher temperature, ~10-20 K, in the altitude region of 40-65 km is found during March 2004 over Mt. Abu. The mean stratopause temperature during March 2004 is found ~284 K at an altitude of 48 km over Mt. Abu, which is 18 K higher than the observed stratopause temperature of ~266 K over Gadanki. During April and May 2004, the temperatures over Mt. Abu are higher in the entire altitude range of 30-70 km than over Gadanki. Lidar-observed temperatures, over both the locations, are compared with the temperatures observed by SABER (Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry; onboard TIMED (Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics)) and HALOE (Halogen Occultation Experiment; onboard UARS (Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite)). It is found that the lidar-observed temperatures are in qualitative agreement with the temperature observed by satellites, though quantitatively there are significant differences. Wave types of fluctuations have been noted in the upper stratosphere and in the lower mesosphere over both the locations.

  4. Technical feasibility of a seabed gallery seawater intake at Ras Abu Ali Island, Arabian Gulf, Saudi Arabia

    Rachman, Rinaldi

    2014-07-23

    Open-ocean intake systems require extensive and advanced pretreatment unit operation to produce feed water with low membrane fouling potential in seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) facilities. Alternatively, subsurface intake systems tend to produce high quality raw seawater even before pretreatment. Subsurface intakes extract seawater indirectly through the geological structure of shoreline or nearshore sediments. Water percolation through geological units provides physical and biological treatment, so that the raw seawater is microbiologically stable with relatively low particulate and organics content. Overall, utilization of subsurface intakes will reduce the intensity of pretreatment, which reduces operating cost, lowers chemical and energy consumption, and reduces environmental impacts. An important aspect in the feasibility of a subsurface intake is the compatibility of the local geological environment. In this study, a field investigation was conducted at Ras Abu Ali Island in the Arabian Gulf. This location currently contains an of existing oil company facilities and a proposed governmental marine fish hatchery facility. Recreational, commercial, and domestic potable water uses require the need to use the SWRO process to meet demands. Characterization of the shoreline and marine offshore bottom were performed as well as observation of tidal fluctuations and wave heights. A specific grid area was chosen where 35 sediment samples were collected from the seabed floor for laboratory analysis of grain size distribution, sediment porosity, and hydraulic conductivity. Onsite observation showed that the marine bottom has a low slope creating a wide intertidal area. The lowest tidal zone is more than 150 m from the shoreline defining a far seaward boundary for the intake construction point. A relatively thin layer of mixed-type sediment (carbonate and siliciclastic) covers the marine hardground bottom. The unlithified bottom sediment contains a low mud percentage

  5. THE GENIUS LOCI AT THE GREAT TEMPLE OF ABU SIMBEL: HERMENEUTIC READING IN THE ARCHITECTURAL LANGUAGE OF ANCIENT EGYPTIAN TEMPLES OF RAMSES II IN NUBIA

    Nelly Ramzy

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Archaeologists have long wondered about the Temple of Abu Simbel: its location within the Nubian territory far from major Egyptian cities, and its unique design. Utilizing the hermeneutic process of understanding the whole from the parts and then situating the whole within a bigger whole (context, this study is a trial to arrive at a better interpretation of this monument. Drawing on the characteristic analysis of the temple's Genius Loci as developed by Norberg-Schulz, as well as on Heidegger's anticipatory fore-structures, the study goes on to show that both of the location and the unique structure of the temple were the outcome of political and conceptual aspects of the period, more than being a religious tradition. Reaching this conclusion, another goal had been achieved, where the validity of hermeneutic analyses as a useful tool for discovering new dimensions about historical monuments and archaeological sites had been attested.

  6. Masdar City : A Model of Urban Environmental Sustainability

    Kapil Bajaj

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Masdar City is an archeology project in Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates. Its core is a planned city, which is being built by Masdar, a subsidiary of Mubadala Development Company, with the majority of seed capital provided by the government of Abu Dhabi. Designed by the British architectural firm Foster and Partners and engineering and environmental consultancy Mott MacDonald, the city will rely entirely on solar energy and other renewable energy sources, with a zero waste ecology. It initially aimed to be a sustainable zero-carbon car-free city. . This article is a case study about "Masdar City," a planned carbon-neutral town in Abu Dhabi. The article describes the key characteristics of Masdar City.

  7. Application of ground magnetic and multi-frequency EM techniques for the Abu-Shihat radioactive prospect area, North Eastern Desert,Egypt

    A. S. M. Assran

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Land magnetic and electromagnetic data enhancement procedures were employed to follow the extensions of the observed anomalies on the surface downwards in the deeper levels and to recognize any possible relations between the localization of uranium mineralization and both the structural and geologic settings.This study revealed that the Analytic Signal (ASand high pass and low pass filtering approaches significantly improve the interpretability of the measured magnetic data in discriminating the shallow and deep magnetic sources within the Abu-Shihat prospect area.Furthermore,the EM survey using varying frequencies,coil separations and station separations was performed in the considered area with the horizontal-loop EM equipment.The interpretation of the horizontal-loop EM data indicated the presence of some conductive zones.These zones are mainly associated with felsite and pegmatite dykes,as well as alteration and fault zones.The target parameters such as the location,width, depth,dip and conductivity thickness were estimated for each conductive zone.Combining the ground magnetic and horizontal-loop EM surveys with the geological and structural mapping revealed that the mineralizations are concentrated in the eastern and western parts of the study area,and these techniques are considered as valuable exploration tools for uranium associated sulfide mineralization.

  8. An integrated water resources management strategy for Al-Ain City, United Arab Emirates

    Mohamed, M. M.

    2014-01-01

    Al-Ain is the second largest city in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi and the third in the UAE. Currently, desalination plants are the only source of drinking water in the city with an average daily supply of 170 MIG. Recently, Abu Dhabi Urban Planning Council (UPC) released Al-Ain 2030 Plan. Projects suggested in this plan, over and above the expected natural population growth, will certainly put additional stress on the water resources in the city. Therefore, Al-Ain city seems to be in urgent need ...

  9. Evaluasi karakteristik abu sekam padi dengan kitosan molekul tinggi nanopartikel sebagai bahan dentinogenesis (Characteristic evaluation of rice husk ash with chitosan high molecule nanoparticle as dentinogenesis material

    Pretty Farida Sinta Silalahi

    2014-06-01

    langsung karena biokompatibel, namun bahan ini memiliki banyak kekurangan. Trioksida Mineral agregat mengandung sejumlah kecil arsenik dan setting time-nya lama, sementara HEMA dalam SIKMR bersifat sitotoksik. Abu sekam padi nanopartikel (ASPn merupakan sumber potensial dari silika. Kitosan molekul tinggi nanopartikel (KMTn dapat merangsang pembentukan dentin reparatif. Kombinasi dari kedua bahan tersebut memiliki sifat biokompatibel dan memiliki kemampuan pelapisan yang baik. Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisa karakteristik mikrostruktur hubungan permukaan abu sekam padi dengan kitosan molekul tinggi nanopartikel pada jaringan dentin untuk melindungi jaringan pulpodential kompleks. Metode: Dua puluh empat gigi premolar mandibula yang diekstraksi untuk tujuan ortodontik digunakan sebagai sampel, gigi dibuat preparasi kavitas klas I dengan kedalaman 3 mm di atas cemento enamel junction (CEJ. Kemudian masing-masing gigi dibelah dua arah bucco-lingual dan setiap bagian dipotong menggunakan disc bur servikal. Sampel dibagi 3 kelompok, kelompok I diaplikasikan MTA, kelompok II diaplikasikan SIKMR, kelompok III diaplikasikan ASPn + KMTn. Karakterisasi dilakukan dengan menggunakan Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM pada interface antara bahan uji dan dentin berdekatan dengan pulp untuk melihat struktur mikro permukaan. Hasil: Microstructure bahan ASPn + KMTn yang diaplikasi pada dentin menunjukkan struktur seperti tag yang lebih signifikan daripada MTA. ASPn + KMTn menunjukkan kemampuan pelapisan yang lebih baik dari MTA. Porositas ASPn + KMTn lebih sedikit dari MTA dan SIKMR. Simpulan: Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kombinasi biomaterial ASPn + KMTn dapat digunakan sebagai biomaterial aktif yang dapat menjaga integritas pulpa.

  10. Magmatic and solid state structures of the Abu Ziran pluton: Deciphering transition from thrusting to extension in the Eastern Desert of Egypt

    Fritz, Harald; Loizenbauer, Jürgen; Wallbrecher, Eckart

    2014-11-01

    The 606 Ma old Abu Ziran granite of the Eastern Desert of Egypt intruded the southern margin of the Meatiq dome in a sinistral shear extensional setting. Its emplacement was enabled by a system of NW-trending sinistral shears, related Riedel shears and N-S extensional shear zones and faults. Magmatic flow was east-directed and controlled by Riedel shears that progressively rotated to an orientation favourable for extension. Strain markers that document magmatic flow show eastward decreasing strain together with strain increase from pluton centre to margins. This is explained by Newtonian flow between non-parallel plates and differences in flow velocities across the pluton. Solid state fabrics including shear fabrics, orientation of late magmatic dykes and quartz tension gashes, together with quartz C-axes distributions, document southward extensional shear within the solidified pluton and adjacent host rocks. Extensional shear is correlated with exhumation of the Meatiq dome coeval and soon after pluton solidification (585 Ma). Pressure temperature evolutionary paths, derived from fluid inclusions, show a clockwise path with exhumation by isothermal decompression in the Meatiq dome. By contrast, the overlying volcanosedimentary nappes experienced an anti-clockwise path released by temperature rise due to pluton emplacement followed by isobaric cooling. Quartz fabrics indicate high-temperature coaxial N-S flow in the northern Meatiq dome and lower-temperature, non-coaxial southward flow within the overlaying superficial nappe. This is explained by the exhumation process itself that progressively localised into simple shear domains when rocks approached higher crustal levels. Late extension at ca. 580 Ma was pure shear dominated and resulted in reversal of shear, now dextral, in the western Meatiq shear zone.

  11. Magma intrusion in the upper crust of Abu Dabbab area, South East of Egypt from Vp and Vp/Vs tomography

    3-D images of P-wave velocity and Vp/Vs ratio have been produced for the upper crust of the Abu Dabbab area, North Mars Alam city. The inversion of local travel times of high quality data recorded at eleven mobile seismic stations around the study area is carried out. The best, in the least-squares sense, 1-D Vp model and the average value of Vp/Vs (1.72) were computed as prerequisites of the 3-D inversion that reaches a depth of 14 km. From the 3-D model it is evident that the distributions of Vp and Vp/Vs are characterized by marked lateral and vertical variations delineating structural heterogeneities. Due to the presence of a thin layer of sedimentary rocks saturated with surface water, low P-wave velocity and high Vp/Vs values are noticed near the surface. At greater depths, high Vp and low Vp/Vs zones may indicate crustal rocks with relatively higher rigidity and brittle behavior, while high Vp/Vs and low Vp may identify zones of relatively softer rocks, with ductile behavior. Low P-wave velocity values are observed at the intersections among the faults. Some magma intrusions could be associated to the Vp/Vs values which form an elongated anomaly, in the western part of the study area, which extends from a depth of 12 km to about 1-2 km of depth. If the obtained 3-D model is used in the relocation of selected events, they turn out to be strongly clustered in correspondence with the high velocity anomalies detected in the central part of the study area. Most of the seismicity tends to occur at the boundaries between the high and low velocity anomalies and at pre-existing weakness zones, i.e. the areas of intersection among different faults. The occurrence of the seismic activity in the vicinity of low velocity anomalies and at the boundary between velocity contrast could also be explained by the occurrence of serpentinization processes in the crust of the study area. (author)

  12. "The Fruits of Intellectual Labor": International Student Views of Intellectual Property

    Datig, Ilka; Russell, Beth

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we report on the results of a study conducted at New York University Abu Dhabi in the fall of 2013. Our goal in the study was to gain a global college student perspective on issues related to intellectual property, including copyright and plagiarism. We found that, contrary to popular opinion, most of our students have a solid…

  13. The Relationship between English Language Proficiency, Academic Achievement and Self-Esteem of Non-Native-English-Speaking Students

    Dev, Smitha; Qiqieh, Sura

    2016-01-01

    The present study aims to find out the relationship between English Language proficiency, self-esteem, and academic achievement of the students in Abu Dhabi University (ADU). The variables were analyzed using "t" test, chi-squire and Pearson's product moment correlation. In addition, Self-rating scale, Self-esteem inventory and Language…

  14. Extreme climate. Blessing and curse

    Forst, Michael

    2010-07-01

    While the commercial and banking centre Dubai finds itself dealing with the aftermath of the economic crisis, the conservative neighbour Abu Dhabi is already pursuing ambitious targets - but the climate conditions in the desert states are not always ideal for the utilization of renewable energies. (orig.)

  15. Teaching across the Great Divide

    O'Neill, K. Kathleen

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the author illustrates the significant role that communication plays in the success of team-teaching where her co-teacher is nearly 12,000 miles and two continents away. The author teaches business communication to female undergraduates in the College of Business Sciences at Zayed University, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, while…

  16. Home-School Relationships: A School Management Perspective

    Stringer, Patricia; Hourani, Rida Blaik

    2013-01-01

    Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE) is in the process of initiating major education reform designed to improve schools. Parental involvement in support of student learning ranks high on the reform agenda. This study explores managerial aspects of implementing home-school relationships in seven primary Public Private Partnership (PPP) schools in…

  17. Transformation of Roles and Responsibilities of Principals in Times of Change

    Stringer, Patricia; Hourani, Rida Blaik

    2016-01-01

    Schools in Abu Dhabi are going through transformation and reform. The New School Model (2010) introduced changes to the curriculum and teaching and learning methodologies. In line with these changes, recently introduced "Principal Professional Standards" and "Performance Evaluation" documents have conceptualized new roles and…

  18. Biogeochemistry of aragonite mud and oolites.

    Mitterer, R. M.

    1972-01-01

    Amino acids were determined on an analyzer similar to that described by Hare (1969) in carbonate mud samples from locations in the Bahamas, Bermuda, Persian Gulf, and Florida Bay, and in oolites from the Gulf of Suez, the Abu Dhabi coast, the Bahamas, and Baffin Bay, Texas. A histogram, tables, and chromatograms of the results are given.

  19. Participative Decision-Making and Job Satisfaction for Teachers in the UAE

    Al Nuaimi, Samira; Chowdhury, Hossan; Eleftheriou, Konstantinos; Katsioloudes, Marios I.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: Knowledge of teachers' participative decision making (PDM) and job satisfaction (JS) is important, as teachers comprise most of a school's staff. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effect of teacher gender, nationality and school type on teachers' PDM and JS in Abu Dhabi's schools and to determine whether there any significant…

  20. Pedagogy and Culture: An Educational Initiative in Supporting UAE Nursing Graduates Prepare for a High-Stakes Nurse Licensing Examination

    Brownie, Sharon M.; Williams, Ged; Barnewall, Kate; Bishaw, Suzanne; Cooper, Jennifer L.; Robb, Walter; Younis, Neima; Kuzemski, Dawn

    2015-01-01

    Graduates of an Abu Dhabi transnational nursing degree struggled with the mandatory national licensing examination. Poor pass rates undermine graduate career futures and impact on the workforce capacity building contributions of the partnering transnational educational providers. This paper describes how the design and delivery of an intensive…

  1. Order Hymenoptera, family Braconidae. Aphid parasitoids of the Arabian Peninsula (subfamily Aphidiinae)

    Starý, Petr; Rakhshani, E.; Tomanović, Ž.; Kavallieratos, N. G.; Havelka, Jan

    Vol. 5. Abu Dhabi: Dar Al Ummah Printing, Publishing, Distbn and Advertising , 2014 - (van Harten, A.), s. 407-425 ISBN 978-9948-22-086-2 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA522/09/1940 Grant ostatní: Serbian Ministry of Education and Science(RS) 43001 Institutional support: RVO:60077344 Keywords : Braconidae Subject RIV: EG - Zoology

  2. Atmospheric soundings from Mount Abu

    Sharma, Som; Sinha, H. S. S.

    2005-06-01

    An atmospheric science laboratory was set up at Gurushikhar, in the campus of PRL's Infrared observatory, in 1994. A variety of scientific instruments were housed in the atmospheric science laboratory to explore the Earth's ionosphere and neutral atmosphere. A powerful Nd-YAG laser based Lidar, a multi-wavelength all sky imaging system, Day-night-airglow photometer/spectrometer and a proton precession magnetometer are in operation along with a surface ozone sampler, a carbon mono-oxide analyzer and a UV radiometer (measures solar ultraviolet irradiance between 280 and 320 nm). This article highlights the neutral density and temperature measurements by the lidar as well as Atmospheric/Ionospheric parameters derived by other instruments.

  3. The Byzantines in Medieval Arabic Poetry: Abu Firas’ "Al-Rumiyyat" and the Poetic Responses of al-Qaffal and Ibn Hazm to Nicephore Phocas’ "Al-Qasida al-Arminiyya al-Malʿuna" (The Armenian Cursed Ode

    Nizar F. HERMES

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Up until the Crusades, it was al-Rūm who were universally seen by Arab writers and Arab poets in particular as the Other par excellence. Nowhere is this more conspicuous than in the sub-genre of Al-Rūmiyyat (poems about the Byzantines, namely as found in the Rūmiyyat of Abu Firas al-Hamdani(d.968, and in the poetic responses of al-Qaffal(d. 946 and Ibn Hazm(d. 1064 to what was described by several medieval Muslim chronicles as Al-Qasida al-Arminiyya al-Malʿuna (The Armenian Cursed Ode. By exploring the forgotten views of the Byzantines in medieval Arabic poetry, this article purports to demonstrate that contrary to the impression left after reading Edward Said’s groundbreaking Orientalism: Western Conceptions of the Orient (1978 and other postcolonial studies, Orientals have not existed solely to be ‘orientalized’. Perhaps even before this came to be so, they too had ‘occidentalized’ their Euro-Christian Other(s in a way that mirrored in reverse the subject/object relationship described as Orientalism.

  4. EFEK PENGGUNAAN ABU GOSOK DAN SERBUK BATA MERAH PADA PEMBUATAN TELUR ASIN TERHADAP KANDUNGAN MIKROBA DALAM TELUR (THE EFFECT OF USING THE ASH AND THE RED BRICK POWDER IN MAKING OF THE SALTED EGGS TO THE MICROBIAL CONTENT OF THE EGGS

    Heru Yuniati

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background: Salting is a way of preserving eggs with the dough / salt solution to boiling and boil for some time. As mixing the dough salt to soak the eggs, rub ash is commonly used in comparison with red brick powder. Purpose: determine the ability of red brick powder media in inhibiting bacteria than rub ash. Material and Method: Ten salted egg is made using a mixture of ash, salt and water in the ratio 4:2:2 ml, While ten more salted egg is made using a mixture of red brick powder, salt, and water in the ratio 4:2:2. Once the dough is well blended, each egg wrapped in dough evenly with a thickness of ± 2 mm. Then the eggs are stored in a plastic bucket in the open space. Microbial testing performed on total bacteria, and yeasts, as well as testing done to contain coliform, E. coli and Salmonella / Shigella on days 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20. Results: The total bacteria and yeasts in the two salted egg products decreased during salting, except on days -20, where an increase in total bacteria on salted egg with rub ash medium, but not on salted eggs with red brick powder medium. At the end of salting, the total number of bacteria of salted eggs for 4 x 102 and 0.9 x 102 colonies / gram, and total yeast and 0.45 x 102 8.7 x 102 colonies / gram. Conclusion: Salted eggs are made ​​using rub ash and red brick powder did not contain coliform bacteria, E. coli and Salmonella / Shigella, while the total number of bacteria and yeasts in the egg there is a difference. Keywords: Egg sauce, rub ash, red brick dust, microbes     ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Pengasinan adalah cara mengawetkan telur dengan adonan garam dan merebusnya sampai mendidih selama beberapa waktu. Sebagai pencampur dalam adonan garam digunakan abu gosok dibandingkan dengan serbuk bata merah. Tujuan: mengetahui kemampuan media serbuk bata merah dalam menghambat bakteri dibandingkan dengan abu gosok. Bahan dan Cara: Sepuluh butir telur asin dibuat menggunakan campuran abu gosok

  5. Mineral chemistry and geochemistry of the Late Neoproterozoic Gabal Abu Diab granitoids, Central Eastern Dessert, Egypt: Implications for the origin of rare metal post-orogenic A-type granites

    Sami, Mabrouk; Ntaflos, Theodoros; Farahat, Esam S.; Ahmed, Awaad F.; Mohamed, Haroun A.

    2015-04-01

    The Neoproterozoic Gabal Abu Diab pluton is a part of the Arabian Nubian shield (ANS) continental crust and located in the Central Eastern Desert (CED) of Egypt. It constitutes multiphase granitic pluton intruded into granodiorite and metagabbro-diorite rocks with sharp and nonreactive contacts. Based on field observations, colors, structural variations and petrographic investigations, this granitic outcrop consists of an inner core of two-mica granite (TMG) followed outward by garnet bearing muscovite granite (GBMG) and albite granite (AG). Petrographical study indicated that medium to coarse-grained TMG is dominated by K-feldspar (Or88-98), quartz, plagioclase (albite, An0-7), muscovite and biotite with hypidiomorphic texture. With exception the appearance of garnet and the disappearance of biotite the GBMG resembles the TGM, while AG is leucocratic without any mafic mineral. The main accessories are zircon, Nb and Ta-bearing rutile, columbite, ilmenorutile, ilmenite, magnetite and apatite. This mineralogical similarity and the existence of columbite group minerals (CGM) in all granitoids, indicates a cogenetic relationship. Microprobe analyses reveal that, besides the CGM, rutile and ilmenite are the main repository phases for Nb-Ta-Ti. Columbite-(Mn) exists as individual subhedral crystals (up to 100μm in size) or intimate intergrowth with Nb-bearing rutile and/or ilmenite. The CGM are represented mostly by columbite-(Mn) with Ta/(Ta+Nb) and Mn/(Mn+Fe) ratio ranging from 0.02-0.08 and 0.4-0.9, respectively suggesting extreme degree of magmatic fractionation. Rutile contains significant amounts of Ta (up to 4 wt.% Ta2O5) and Nb (up to 22 wt.% Nb2O5). Biotites are phlogopite-annite in composition (Ann47-60Phlog40-53,on average) and are enriched with AlIV that characterize peraluminous granites. Garnets contain 60-69 mol.% spessartine and 28-36 mol.% almandine where, the ratio of spessartine and almandine together exceeds 95 mole percent, similar to garnet occur

  6. World Energy Future

    Forbes, A.; Van der Linde, C.; Nicola, S.

    2009-03-15

    In the section World Energy Future of this magazine two articles, two interviews and one column are presented. The article 'A green example to the world' refers briefly to the second World Future Energy Summit in Abu Dhabi, which was held from 18-21 January, 2009. The second article, 'Green Utopia in the desert' attention is paid to the Abu Dhabi government-driven Masdar Initiative. The two interviews concern an interview with BP Alternative Energy ceo Vivienne Cox, and an interview with the founder and CEO of New Energy Finance Michael Liebreich. The column ('An efficient response') focuses on the impact of the economic crisis on energy policy.

  7. FAE - mot en felles utenrikspolitikk

    2010-01-01

    I 2008 rammet finanskrisa for alvor De forente arabiske emirater (FAE), og særlig Dubai. Dubai hadde tatt enorme lån for å bygge opp infrastruktur som skulle hjelpe emiratet i overgangen fra oljeøkonomi til postoljeøkonomi. Utover i 2008 blei det klart at Dubai ikke på egen hånd kunne betjene lånene sine, samtidig som det blei klart at Abu Dhabi ville hjelpe sin nabo. Det sto klart for mange at ”oppkjøpet” av Dubai ville føre emiratet inn under Abu Dhabis kontroll. Dubai hadde fram til da før...

  8. Introduction of chimpanzees onto Rubondo Island National Park, Tanzania

    Huffman, M. A.; Petrželková, Klára Judita; Moscovice, L. R.; Mapua, Mwanahamissi Issa; Bobáková, Lucia; Mazoch, Vladimír; Singh, J.; Kaur, T.

    Abu Dhabi : IUCN/SSC Re-introduction Specialist Group, 2008 - (Soorae, P.), s. 213-216 ISBN 978-2-8317-1113-3 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KJB600930615 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60930519 Keywords : chimpanzee * introduction * ecology Subject RIV: EH - Ecology, Behaviour http://www.iucnsscrsg.org/download/Global%20Reintro%20Perspectives.pdf

  9. Three New Forms of Movement That Encourage Walkable Urban Designs

    McDonald, Shannon-Sanders

    2010-01-01

    New movement technology is currently becoming reality around the world. PRT (Personal Rapid Transit) now sometimes called ATN (Automated Transit Network) is currently available at Heathrow airport with systems in various planning stages in South Korea, San Jose, CA -Sam Mineta Airport, and Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates - Mazdar City. Technology that allows elevators to move three-dimensionally is currently applied in the Tower of Terror ride at Disneyland, Anaheim, CA. New automobiles are a...

  10. The Interaction of L2 Teachers' Culturally Resonant Ideologies of Language and Teaching and L2 Policy Interpretation: A Narrative Analysis

    Deus, Thomas Andres

    2013-01-01

    With English language education increasingly viewed worldwide as an important mechanism for global economic development, many policy makers in developing countries are promoting the English language as the vital skill necessary for successful competition in an ever changing world. Perhaps nowhere is this phenomenon more momentous than in the United Arab Emirates, where the Emirate of Abu Dhabi has committed its vast economic resources towards a new curriculum mandating the change from Arabic ...

  11. Market study for providing advanced digital services in Lahore: Case: Wateen Telecom Ltd.

    Mjella, Byamungu; Toor, Abdullah

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this thesis is to conduct a market study for the Abu-Dhabi based company located in Pakistan in the telecommunication industry: Wateen Telecom Ltd.; for improving and introducing new cable television service products, the advanced digital services (ADS). The purpose is to study the company´s marketing microenvironment so as to understand the market place environment and consumers. The market place environment is based on the company, the operating environment and the comp...

  12. Flagship projects but moderate targets

    Forst, Michael

    2012-07-01

    In the United Arab Emirates (UAE), which was formed as a federation of seven emirates in 1971, the role of renewable energies has long been marginal. While Dubai, which is particularly rich in fossil fuel resources, mode the headlines with 'The Palm Islands', an artificial archipelago, and the world's tallest building, Abu Dhabi, the conservative emirate next door, has already started to rethink the future. (orig.)

  13. Somebody better find some rigs

    The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries of the Middle East. Field development projects abound, as the larger exporting nations pursue ambitious policies of production expansion. However, their plans may be hampered by the growing worldwide shortage of rigs. Separate evaluations are given for Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Abu Dhabi, Iran, Iraq, Qatar, Yemen, Syria, Dubai, Turkey, Sharjah, and briefly for Bahrain, Israel, Jordan, UAE-Ajman, and UAE-Ras al-Khaimah

  14. Comorbidities associated with COPD in the Middle East and North Africa region: association with severity and exacerbations

    Mahboub B; Alzaabi A; Iqbal MN; Salhi H; Lahlou A; Tariq L; El Hasnaoui A

    2016-01-01

    Bassam Mahboub,1 Ashraf Alzaabi,2 Mohammed Nizam Iqbal,3 Hocine Salhi,4 Aïcha Lahlou,5 Luqman Tariq,6 Abdelkader El Hasnaoui6 1Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Allergy, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, 2Respirology Division, Zayed Military Hospital, Abu Dhabi, 3Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Rashid Hospital, Dubai Health Authority, Dubai, United Arab Emirates; 4Foxymed, Paris, France; 5MS Health, Rabat, Morocco, 6GlaxoSmithKline, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Objective: To assess t...

  15. Somebody better find some rigs

    NONE

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries of the Middle East. Field development projects abound, as the larger exporting nations pursue ambitious policies of production expansion. However, their plans may be hampered by the growing worldwide shortage of rigs. Separate evaluations are given for Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Abu Dhabi, Iran, Iraq, Qatar, Yemen, Syria, Dubai, Turkey, Sharjah, and briefly for Bahrain, Israel, Jordan, UAE-Ajman, and UAE-Ras al-Khaimah.

  16. A strategic zone for Total's future

    In 1997, the Total company investments in the Middle East reached 1.2 billions of French Francs. This region is considered as a major growth zone by the French group. This paper summarizes the Total's participations in oil and gas activities and partnerships of Middle East countries (Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Oman, Qatar, Yemen): exploration, production, development, contracts, permits, technical assistance etc.. (J.S.)

  17. Prevalence and triggers of allergic rhinitis in the United Arab Emirates

    Mahboub, Bassam; Al-Hammadi, Suleiman; Prakash, Vijayshree P; Sulaiman, Nabil; Blaiss, Michael S; Redha, Abdulla Al; Vats, Deepa M

    2014-01-01

    Background and objectives Allergic rhinitis is a morbid condition that is frequently overlooked by patients and physicians. This type of atopy has not been adequately investigated in the United Arab Emirates. Methods This cross-sectional, population-based observational study was conducted in the seven Emirates (Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al-Quwain, Ras Al-Khaimah, and Fujairah). It used the European Community Respiratory Health Survey (ECRHS II) to screen for allergic rhinitis in p...

  18. Full-waveform inversion: Filling the gaps

    Beydoun, Wafik B.

    2015-09-01

    After receiving an outstanding response to its inaugural workshop in 2013, SEG once again achieved great success with its 2015 SEG Middle East Workshop, “Full-waveform inversion: Filling the gaps,” which took place 30 March–1 April 2015 in Abu Dhabi, UAE. The workshop was organized by SEG, and its partner sponsors were Saudi Aramco (gold sponsor), ExxonMobil, and CGG. Read More: http://library.seg.org/doi/10.1190/tle34091106.1

  19. Number Sense-Based Strategies Used by High-Achieving Sixth Grade Students Who Experienced Reform Textbooks

    Alsawaie, Othman N.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore strategies used by high-achieving 6th grade students in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to solve basic arithmetic problems involving number sense. The sample for the study consisted of 15 high-achieving boys and 15 high-achieving girls in grade 6 from 2 schools in the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, UAE. Data for the…

  20. March Towards High End International Petroleum Market

    Gao Fei

    2010-01-01

    @@ As the largest overseas turnkey engineering construction project CNPC has contracted so far with a total contract price of USD 3.29 billion,Abu Dhabi crude oil pipeline(ADCOP)has great potential for exploiting the extension of CNPC in the Middle East petroleum market.At the same time,this is also the first time CNPC has set foot in this market,which used to be monopolized by western petroleum companies.

  1. APPLICATION DES NORMES COMPTABLES INTERNATIONALES DANS LES BANQUES ISLAMIQUES : QUEL IMPACT SUR L'IMAGE FIDELE DE LEURS ETATS FINANCIERS ?

    Levy, Aldo; Rezgui, Hichem

    2013-01-01

    International audience Islamic finance is governed by a rigid ethical frame- work. Islamic bank find themselves torn be- tween the obligation of adhering to ethical princi- ples and the need for profitability imposed by the in- ternationalization of financial markets. They then use international accounting standards. We hypothe- size that these standards distort the true and fair view of the financial statements of Islamic banks. . The analysis of an annual report of Abu Dhabi Islamic Bank...

  2. United Arab Emirates; 2013 Article IV Consultation

    International Monetary Fund

    2013-01-01

    This staff report on United Arab Emirates 2013 Article IV Consultation highlights economic policies and development. Against a backdrop of political stability, confidence has further increased, tourism has been firm, demand from expatriates from the broader region has increased, and capital inflows have strengthened amid high global liquidity. The real estate sector, which had been impaired since the 2009 crisis, has stabilized in Abu Dhabi and has started to recover in Dubai. Dubai aims to b...

  3. Julia Aug näitab Tallinnas, millega ta lummas Tarantinot / Jaanus Piirsalu

    Piirsalu, Jaanus, 1973-

    2010-01-01

    Filmist "Tsiitsitajad" (Овсянки, Silent Souls, Venemaa 2010), režissöör Aleksei Fedortšenko. Filmis naispeategelast mängivast Narvast pärit, isa poolt eesti verd näitlejast ja lavastajast Julia Augist. Film võitis maailma filmiajakirjanike liidu (FIPRESCI) auhinna ja preemia operaatoritöö eest Venezia filmifestivalil, peaauhinna filmifestivalil Abu Dhabis ning osaleb Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali põhikavas

  4. Determinants of Audit Fees: Evidence from an Emerging Economy

    Yousef Mohammad Hassan; Kamal Naser

    2013-01-01

    This study sets out to examine factors influencing audit fees paid by non-financial companies listed on AbuDhabi Stock Exchange (ADX). Data were collected from the 2011 annual and corporate governance reportspublished by the Emirati non-financial companies listed on ADX. Backward regression analysis is employed toassess the association between audit fees and certain company’s attributes. The findings show a directrelationship between audit fees and each of corporate size, business complexity ...

  5. Acetogenins from Annona muricata as potential inhibitors of antiapoptotic proteins: a molecular modeling study

    Antony P; Vijayan R

    2016-01-01

    Priya Antony, Ranjit Vijayan Department of Biology, College of Science, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Abstract: Apoptosis is a highly regulated process crucial for maintaining cellular homeostasis and development. The B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) family of proteins play a crucial role in regulating apoptosis. Overexpressed Bcl-2 proteins are associated with the development and progression of several human cancers. Annona muricata is a tropical pl...

  6. On the Privacy of Two Tag Ownership Transfer Protocols for RFIDs

    Abyaneh, Mohammad Reza Sohizadeh

    2012-01-01

    IEEE International Conference for Internet Technology and Secured Transactions (ICITST2011) in Abu Dhabi, UAE. In this paper, the privacy of two recent RFID tag ownership transfer protocols are investigated against the tag owners as adversaries. The first protocol called ROTIV is a scheme which provides a privacy-preserving ownership transfer by using an HMACbased authentication with public key encryption. However, our passive attack on this protocol shows that any leg...

  7. Arabian adventures

    Farrant, Andrew; Parker, Adrian; Parton, Ashley; Ellison, Richard

    2010-01-01

    The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is one of the world’s most rapidly urbanising countries. Despite the recent downturn in the economy, the region continues to undergo rapid development, particularly around Abu Dhabi and Dubai. Consequently the country is host to many major civil engineering projects including the world’s tallest building, artificial offshore islands, new international airports, metro systems and high-speed rail networks.

  8. Removing flaring on the oil fields

    Unnecessary flaring occurs at oil- and gas plants all over the world. It is possible, however, by means of new technology, to achieve the same safety that flaring is meant to provide and yet avoid pollution. The article describes a project in which a system that stops air pollution at an oil field in Abu Dhabi has been delivered by the Norwegian company SAAS System AS. The project is a pilot installation

  9. Solar radiation for sea-water desalination and electric power generation via vacuum solar collectors

    The present report concerns the energetic potential of vacuum solar which are rather versatile and efficient devices for converting solar energy into thermal energy. Two main energetic applications have been analysed: the first one for a solar sea water desalination plant which has been operated in Abu Dhabi for the past ten years, the other for a conceptual solar thermoelectric-power plant having a fair thermodynamic efficiency (15-20%). A simple technology for the manufacture of vacuum solar collectors in a standard mechanical shop is being developed in collaboration between ENEL Sp A (DSR-CRIS, Milano) and WED (Abu Dhabi). Such technology should have an important economy-saving potential per se and would also make repair and substitution operations simple enough for the actual operators of the vacuum solar collector system without any need of external assistance. The technic-operative-economical features of the Abu Dhabi solar desalination plant suggest that the use novel simplified vacuum solar collectors could have a considerable technic economical potential. The analysis of the conceptual solar thermo-electric-power plant focuses on its general layout and singles out key technological issues which ought to be addressed in an overall feasibility study. 5 figs., 3 tabs

  10. Pengaruh Abu Sekam Padi Dan Abu Boiler Kelapa Sawit Sebagai Campuran Terhadap Kekuatan Beton

    Sinulingga, Karya

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to obtain the ideal composition of the addition of rice husk ash in concrete and the addition of palm oil boiler ash in concrete, to improve the quality of concrete through the addition of rice husk ash and boiler ash through the addition of palm oil, to determine the physical properties such as compressive strength and compressive strength of concrete were given a mixture of rice husk ash and boiler ash were mixed palm oil, and to determine the absorption of water in the c...

  11. Cities within Cities: An Urbanization Approach in the Gulf Countries

    Bamakhrama, Salim Salah

    2015-01-01

    Within Dubai, nineteen out of the original 112 mega-projects carried the word city in their names, a phenomenon that is common in Gulf cities such as Dubai, Riyadh and Abu Dhabi. To further explore this phenomenon, this thesis focuses on three aspects that affect the dynamic relationship between the primary city and the cities within cities (sub-cities) in the Gulf region with special emphasis on Dubai. First, the naming problem of the sub-city illustrates why the tension between competing id...

  12. IMPACT OF GLOBAL MELTDOWN ON DUBAI’S BOOM: AN ANALYSIS OF THE DEBT CRISIS

    Alvares, Jolin Claire

    2011-01-01

    The study carried out is based on the impact of the debt crisis in Dubai. Dubai went into a crisis after the collapse of world markets post recession and the highly discussed financial crisis. For the purpose of my research, qualitative analysis was carried out to figure the reasons behind why Dubai took such a big hit which eventually indebted them towards their competitor state Abu Dhabi. After the analysis of the data and articles, it was found out that Dubai’s major down fall was itself....

  13. Water quality of two semi-closed areas in the United Arab Emirates Coast along the Arabian Gulf:a comparative study

    Shriadah, M.A.

    2002-01-01

    A comparative study was carried out between the two biggest creeks along the Arabian Gulf coast of the United Arab Emirates to evaluate impacts of sewage and industrial effluents on their hydrochemical characteristics. Surface and bottom water samples were collected from Abu Dhabi and Dubai creeks during the period from October 1994 to September 1995. The hydrochemical parameters studied were: temperature (21.10-34.00°C), salinity (37.37-47.09%), transparency (0.50-10.0 m), pH (7.97-8.83),...

  14. A New Marketing Strategy for E-Commerce

    Khalid W. Alrawi; Hamid R. Ekbia; Khalifa H. Jaber

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this exploratory study is to address e-commerce issues, such as marketing and logistical problems, and create viable recommendations for the Gulf environments based on the views of managers of industrial firms registered in the Abu Dhabi Chamber of Commerce in the United Arab Emirates.The issues that e-commerce faces will be examined through the marketing mix. It is believed that the four concepts of the marketing mix (product, place, price, and promotion) play an equally criti...

  15. China's Formula,Go!

    Li Yinghong; Yang Wei

    2009-01-01

    @@ On the first day of November,when Jenson Button cheered his first Formula I World Championship 2009 at the final race of the season in Abu Dhabi,Chinese young university students were busy preparing for their own Formula event.According to a press conference on October 19,2009 in Beijing,the first Formula SAE-China (FSAE) event has set off,and will be officially launch its final race next year from October 14 to October 17 at Shanghai International Circuit,where will also be the Formula 12010 China stop again in next April.

  16. Structural identification of sedimentary C21 and C22 highly branched isoprenoid alkanes

    Sinninghe Damsté, J.S.; Baas, M.; Geenevasen, J.A.J.; Kenig, F.

    2005-01-01

    C21 and C22 highly branched isoprenoid (HBI) alkanes occurring in high relative abundance in lagoonal sediments of Abu Dhabi have been unambiguously identified as 2,6,10-trimethyl-7-(3-methylpentyl)dodecane and 3,7,11-trimethyl-6- (3-methylpentyl)tridecane, respectively, using NMR spectroscopy. A second C21 HBI isomer is tentatively identified as 3,7,11-trimethyl-6-(3-methylbutyl)tridecane, on the basis of comparison of its mass spectral fragmentation with those of fully identified HBIs. The ...

  17. Contamination by petroleum hydrocarbons in two semi-enclosed areas along the arabian gulf coast of the United Arab Emirates

    The paper presents the concentrations of petroleum hydrocarbons in seawater, sediments, and three important commercial fish species, i.e.: Rastrelliger kanagurta, Siganus cannliculatus; Plectohynchus scholtaf from two shallow semi-enclosed and highly productive coastal areas of U.A.E. The concentrations of petroleum hydrocarbons in seawater of the whole area varied from 1.6 to 16.0 μgl-1 without any significant differences between Abu Dhabi (mean: 5.5 μgl-1) and Dubai creeks (7.2 μgl-1). Moreover, no significant differences were also found between surface (means: 5.7 and 7.9 μgl-1) and bottom layers (means: 5.2 and 6.6 μgl-1) in both areas. In contrast, sediment analysis indicated more pronounced variations between stations of Dubai creek (7.6.70.6 μgl-1) compared to Abu Dhabi Creek (1.1-8.8 μgl-1). Although no distinct distribution was observed in Abu Dhabi, the distribution in Dubai indicated more oil contamination in the innermost stations and less contamination in the outer stations of the creek. Moreover, the concentrations of petroleum hydrocarbons in the sediments of Dubai were 9.5 times larger than those measured in Abu Dhabi sediments indicating more oil contamination in Dubai creek. The significant relationships found between petroleum hydrocarbons and organic carbon contents in sediments indicated that oil contamination was one of the possible sources for increasing the concentrations of organic materials in sediments. The concentrations of petroleum hydrocarbons, on the other hand, showed no significant variations between fish species, i.e. Rastrelliger kanagurta (mean: 1.0 μgl-1), Siganus cannliculatus: (mean: 0.7 μgl-1), Plectohynchus scholtaf: (mean: 1.6 μgl-1). The study of relationships between petroleum hydrocarbons and weights or lengths indicated that these fish species do not concentrate these compounds in their tissues. Except for the concentrations of petroleum hydrocarbons in Dubai sediments, a direct comparison between the

  18. Islamic Finance Revisited: Conceptual and Analytical Issues from the Perspective of Conventional Economics

    Singh, Ajit; Sheng, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Islamic finance has come of age. Islamic banking and finance have been growing at a very fast rate, despite apparent serious setbacks (such as interruption of payments in Abu Dhabi in 2009, the Great Recession in Western countries between 2008 and 2010, and the recent turmoil in Middle Eastern countries). The industry, which was valued at a mere $150 million in the 1990s, has increased to nearly $1 trillion. Although it is still a niche market and its share in world finance is quite small, it...

  19. Middle east gas: supply source of Europe

    The evolution of gas demand, the decreasing of reserves leads to the question of European future needs satisfaction. The european market can call on the russian production or middle east production. Iran has the most important reserves but the needs of the population can limit the gas supply. Yemen and Oman which have less important reserves but also less important needs to satisfy can be a serious alternative; Abu dhabi reserves are destined to asia market. The qatar has the most important gas offshore field in the world. The LNG (liquefied natural gas) seems to have a better position than gas pipeline to dispatch gas towards Europe

  20. Middle East: major opportunities for gas producers

    This article addresses the increase in demand for natural gas in the face of the threat of global warming, and the opportunities that this presents for Middle East gas producers. The use of natural gas to reduce the consumption of petroleum, market opportunities in the European Community as demand outstrips supply, worldwide demand for LNG, and the need for foreign investment are discussed. A brief overview is given of the situations in Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, Saudia Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Abu Dhabi and Yemen. (UK)

  1. Improving Pharmacy Dispensing Performance Through Time Management

    Shaat, Mohamed

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this project was to carry out a change model in one of Family Medicine Clinic’s Pharmacy in Abu Dhabi. While, the objectives of the project were to improve patient satisfaction through improving patient waiting time for medications collection, improving patient’s knowledge about the pharmacy services and then generalize the implemented change in all other six clinic’s pharmacies. The change was happened because of current system of dispensing patient’s prescription ‘in turn’, which...

  2. Local bleaching thresholds established by remote sensing techniques vary among reefs with deviating bleaching patterns during the 2012 event in the Arabian/Persian Gulf

    Shuail, Dawood; Wiedenmann, Jörg; D'Angelo, Cecilia; Baird, Andrew H.; Pratchett, Morgan S.; Riegl, Bernhard; Burt, John A.; Petrov, Peter; Amos, Carl

    2016-01-01

    A severe bleaching event affected coral communities off the coast of Abu Dhabi, UAE in August/September, 2012. In Saadiyat and Ras Ghanada reefs ~ 40% of the corals showed signs of bleaching. In contrast, only 15% of the corals were affected on Delma reef. Bleaching threshold temperatures for these sites were established using remotely sensed sea surface temperature (SST) data recorded by MODIS-Aqua. The calculated threshold temperatures varied between locations (34.48 °C, 34.55 °C, 35.05 °C)...

  3. Radioactive food and environment contamination

    The Food and Environment Control Centre of Abu Dhabi Municipality with the help of IAEA has established facilities for regular monitoring of food and environmental samples for radioactive contamination. The Centre is now capable of measuring gamma, beta as well as alpha activity in different types of samples. The main activities in the area of food monitoring are as follows: General monitoring of food gamma radionuclides in foodstuffs by high resolution gamma spectrometry; Determination of specific gamma radionuclides in foodstuffs by high resolution gamma spectrometry; Radiochemical determination of Sr-90 using liquid scintillation analyzer or by gas flow proportional counter; Measurement of gross alpha activity in drinking water

  4. Emirati Women and the Western Region: Study the change in Employment and Education Indicators and its impact on the Human Development Index to the UAE; During 1990-2011

    MOHAMED EL KHOULI

    2013-01-01

    In light of the world's attention to gender issues as one of the priorities of development plans and policies overall, as well as support the roles of women's development of and build their capacity to qualify to participate in decision-making for the development and progress of society. Therefore, this paper traces the changes in women’s status in the UAE generally and in the Western Region (the Emirate of Abu Dhabi) specifically. It uses the Human Development Reports of the UAE to examine t...

  5. Status of Implementation of the Code of Conduct in Chile

    This paper is intended to present the status of implementation in Chile of the Code of Conduct on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources (hereinafter referred to as the Code) and its supplementary Guidance on the Import and Export of Radioactive Sources (hereinafter referred to as the Guidance). It is presented as a contribution to the International Conference on the Safety and Security of Radioactive Sources: Maintaining the Continuous Global Con-trol of Sources throughout their Life Cycle, to be held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, from 27 to 31 October 2013. (author)

  6. Enron and Totalfina enter the Dolphin project

    The UAE Offsets Group Office (UOG), responsible for developing alliances between the private sector of the United Arab Emirates and international companies, announced on 1. March that a strategic partnership has been established with Enron and TotalFina Elf for implementation of the Dolphin Project, one of the largest world-wide integrated initiatives in the energy sector. The First objective of this partnership, the life of which has been fixed at 25 years, will be to develop the Dolphin infrastructure through a new gas pipeline with a capacity of 85 million cu.m of gas per day, linking Qatar to Abu Dhabi and the Sultanate of Oman. This initial phase will be based on the development of activities all along the gas line. The Project Development Agreement (PDA) concluded by the UOG, Enron and Elf also includes the exploitation of other opportunities in the Gulf countries and the region. The UOG will hold a majority share of 51% in this partnership, the remaining 49% being shared equally between Enron and Elf. Construction work on the gas pipeline and the various installations upstream of Qatar should be quickly put in hand. A series of preliminary agreements concluded with the government authorities of Qatar, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Oman and Pakistan, relating to the procurement and sale of gas, has enabled the implementation of the geographical and political organisation necessary to realize the Dolphin Project. (author)

  7. The theatre of cruelty: dehumanization, objectification & Abu Ghraib

    Christiana Spens

    2014-01-01

    A clumsy pyramid of kneeling men, naked apart from the hoods over their heads, with a smiling, fair-headed woman and a grinning man with a moustache, wearing green cleaning gloves; a slight woman with a blank expression and a man on the floor, on a limp leash; a hooded, robed figure, standing on a box with his arms outstretched and a pose similar to the crucifixion, with sinister wires behind him, and otherwise blank surroundings. A row of more hooded, naked men, forced to do sexual acts as ...

  8. al-Sufi, Abu al-Rahman (903-86)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    Persian astronomer, published works on astronomical instruments. Revised PTOLEMY's star catalog as the Book of the Constellations of the Fixed Stars, with improved magnitudes, stars named by reference to constellation figures (much copied, for example by ALFONSO X as Libros del Saber de Astronomìa), and nebulae, including the Andromeda Galaxy (M31). However, the work was not entirely original sin...

  9. Penetapan Kadar Abu Pada Abon Ikan Secara Gravimetri

    Sihombing, Jessica

    2014-01-01

    Shredded fish is a food made from shredded dried fish, boiled, slice / in suir, in season, in cooking and also in the press. Floss is one alternative to address the abundance of fish that are less desirable if consumed directly. Testing of ash content in shredded fish take place to assess the content and authenticity of the materials used and the nutritional value of the parameter, because the analysis of insoluble ash content is high enough acid indicate the presence of contamination or i...

  10. PENGARUH KADAR ABU SEKAM PADI TERHADAP KONDUKTIVITAS PANAS KOMPOSIT SEMENNYA

    Bakri; Suhasman

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the value of heat conductivity of cement composite in the form of lightweight conblock. Lightweight conblock made of various treatment combinations of rice husk ash, rise husk, and matrices of study using factorial experiment in completely randomized design. This completely randomized design consisted of three factors namely rice husk ash (A), rice husk (B) and ratio of cement and lime (C). The result indicated that the value of heat conductivity ranging...