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Aneurisma de la aorta abdominal: Tratamiento endovascular con una endoprótesis fenestrada/ Abdominal aortic aneurysm: Endovascular treatment with fenestrated endoprothesis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El tratamiento endovascular de los aneurismas de aorta abdominal es una alternativa a la cirugía abierta para pacientes de alto riesgo. Consiste en la exclusión del saco aneurismático mediante la interposición de una endoprótesis colocada por vía femoral. El tratamiento endovascular no puede ser utilizado en todos los pacientes. Una limitación frecuente la constituye el nacimiento de una arteria visceral desde el saco aneurismático. Para contrarrestar esta limitac (more) ión recientemente se han desarrollado endoprótesis fenestradas que presentan orificios que se corresponden con el nacimiento de las arterias involucradas en el aneurisma evitando su oclusión, permitiendo de esta manera el tratamiento endovascular. En esta comunicación se presenta un caso de tratamiento endovascular de un aneurisma de aorta abdominal mediante la colocación de una endoprótesis fenestrada en un paciente cuya arteria renal izquierda nacía directamente del saco aneurismático. Abstract in english Endovascular treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm is consider an alternative to open surgery for high risk patients. Its goal is to exclude the aneurysm from the circulation by using an endoprothesis introduced from a femoral approach. Patients must be strictly selected to avoid possible complications. The most frequent limitation is related to anatomic contraindications such as visceral arteries involved in the aneurysm. Fenestrated endograft have been recently dev (more) eloped to allow endovascular treatment when anatomic features contraindicate classic endovascular procedures. Fenestrated endograft have holes that match with the origin of the visceral arteries maintaining its potency. In this paper we report the endovascular treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm by using a fenestrated endoprothesis in a patient whose left renal artery is originated from the aneurysm.

Rostagno, Román; Cesareo, Vicente; García-Mónaco, Ricardo; Peralta, Oscar; Domenech, Alberto; Bracco, Daniel

2008-12-01

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Tratamiento de aorta abdominal e ilíacas con técnica endovascular: Experiencia quirúrgica Treatment of abdominal aorta and iliac arteries with endovascular technique  

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Full Text Available Antecedentes: desde 1991 la técnica endovascular se ha aplicado con éxito en el manejo de los aneurismas de aorta infrarrenal, y se ha perfeccionado de manera tal que rápidamente se ha convertido en una alternativa para pacientes de alto riesgo para la cirugía convencional. Objetivo: describir los resultados institucionales en el manejo de las patologías de aorta abdominal e ilíacas mediante técnica endovascular desde 2003 a 2005. Diseño-Método: estudio descriptivo, longitudinal, retrospectivo, en el que se analizaron las historias clínicas de los pacientes sometidos a procedimiento endovascular de aorta abdominal e ilíacas. El análisis se realizó en Stata 8,0 S/E. Resultados: a 9 pacientes se les realizó exclusivamente manejo de lesiones en aorta abdominal e ilíacas. Todos los pacientes del estudio fueron hombres con edad media de 68,9 + 8,1 años. Los diagnósticos fueron aneurisma de aorta infrarrenal en 6 pacientes y aneurismas anastomóticos en los 3 restantes. Se evidenció requerimiento de endoprótesis en promedio de 1,9 + 0,8. Se realizó puente femoro-femoral como procedimiento simultáneo en 4 de los 9 pacientes. El 77,8% de los pacientes no tuvo complicaciones. La mortalidad por el procedimiento alcanzó el 22% (2 pacientes), si bien cabe anotar que las complicaciones se presentaron sólo en esos dos pacientes. Conclusiones: la exclusión de aneurismas de aorta y de ilíacas con endoprótesis modulares, se está implementando ampliamente como una opción válida de tratamiento, con resultados excelentes que evitan los riesgos de la intervención convencional y la morbilidad asociada.Antecedents: since 1991 endovascular technique has been successfully used in the management of infra-renal aortic aneurysms and it has been improved in such a way that it has quickly turned into an alternative for patients considered having high risk for conventional surgery. Objective: describe the institutional results in the management of abdominal aortic pathologies through endovascular technique from 2003 to 2005. Design-Method: descriptive, longitudinal, retrospective study in which clinical histories of patients that underwent an endovascular procedure of abdominal aorta and iliac arteries were analyzed. The analysis was performed in Stata 8,0 S/E. Results: 9 patients received exclusively treatment for abdominal aortic and iliac lesions. All were male individuals with mean age 68.9 ± 8.1 years. 6 patients had diagnosis of infra-renal aortic aneurysm and the other 3 had anastomotic aneurysms. Requirement of endoprosthesis was evidenced in an average of 1.9 ± 0.8. Femoro-femoral bypass surgery was performed as simultaneous procedure in 4 of the 9 patients. 77.8% of patients had no complications. Mortality due to the procedure was 22% (2 patients) and it is important to notice that only these 2 patients had complications. Conclusions: exclusion of aortic and iliac aneurysms with modular endoprosthesis is being widely implemented as a valid treatment option, with excellent results that avoid the risks of conventional surgery and its associated morbidity.

Juan G Barrera; Ligia C Mateus; Marisol Carreño; Jorge E Bayter; José F Saaibi; Carlos S Balestrini; Melquisedec Gutiérrez; Jaime Calderón; Víctor R Castillo; Oscar F Calvo; Jimmy G Muñoz; Carlos Santos; Omar F Gomezese; Freddy López; Camilo Pizarro; Carlos A Luengas; Ángel M Chávez

2007-01-01

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TRATAMIENTO PERCUTÁNEO CON PRÓTESIS ENDOVASCULAR DE COARTACIÓN DE AORTA ABDOMINAL EN UN ADULTO / Percutaneous treatment with endovascular prosthesis of abdominal aortic coarctation in an adult  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Resumen: La coartación de la aorta abdominal es una afección vascular no hereditaria poco frecuente, que afecta a hombres y mujeres por igual. Recientemente ha sido nombrada como “Síndrome aórtico medio”, y los hallazgos clínicos son similares a los de la CoAo típica. Para el diagnóstico, se debe recurrir a la resonancia magnética o a la arteriografía, y las opciones terapéuticas incluyen la dilatación percutánea con catéter-globo, el tratamiento quirúrgico y, por último, como opción más novedosa, la implantación de prótesis endovasculares. En este artículo presentamos el caso de una mujer de 45 años de edad, exfumadora, con antecedentes de artritis reumatoidea e hipertensión arterial que presentaba claudicación de miembros inferiores durante la marcha. Existía una disminución bilateral marcada de los pulsos femorales y el Doppler, y mostró un componente amortiguado en ambas arterias femorales y poplíteas. La AngioTAC encontró una estenosis significativa del tercio distal de la aorta abdominal infrarrenal, con hipoplasia marcada de la ilíaca derecha. La aortografía corroboró el diagnóstico (gradiente de 80 mmHg). A través de dos introductores arteriales por las arterias femorales se avanzaron dos catéteres-globo MATCH-35 de 5.0x80 mm que se inflaron simultáneamente y posteriormente, se implantó un stent MEDTRONIC “Bridge Assurant” de 10 x 30 mm en el segmento estenótico, sin complicaciones. El gradiente residual fue de 10 mmHg. La paciente evolucionó favorablemente y fue egresada a las 24 horas del procedimiento. / Abstract: Coarctation of the abdominal aorta is an uncommon, non-inherited vascular condition that affects men and women alike. It has been recently named as "middle aortic syndrome", and the clinical findings are similar to those of typical aortic coarctation. For diagnosis, one must make use of magnetic resonance imaging or arteriography, and therapeutic options include percutaneous balloon catheter dilatation, surgical treatment and, finally, as a more novel option, the implantation of stents. In this paper we present the case of a 45-year-old female, ex-smoker with a history of rheumatoid arthritis and hypertension who presented claudication of lower limbs during gait. There was a marked bilateral decrease of the femoral and Doppler pulses, and showed a damping factor in both femoral and popliteal arteries. The CT angiography found a significant stenosis of the distal third of the infrarenal abdominal aorta with marked hypoplasia of the right iliac. Aortography confirmed the diagnosis (gradient of 80 mmHg). Using two arterial sheaths, two-balloon catheters MATCH-35, 5.0x80 mm were introduced through femoral arteries, simultaneously inflated and subsequently a MEDTRONIC "Bridge Assurant" stent of 10x30 mm was implanted in the stenotic segment; with no complications. The residual gradient was 10 mmHg. The patient improved and was discharged form the hospital 24 hours after the procedure.

Luis Felipe Vega Fleites; José Raúl Nodarse Valdivia; Alejandro Agüero Sánchez; Rosendo Ibargollín Hernández; Norge Lara Pérez; Joel Soutuyo Rivera; Francisco L Moreno Martínez; Juan Antonio San Blas Valdés; Rubén T Moro Rodríguez; Albania Ayubi Jiménez; Mayuli Bujans González

2010-01-01

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Tratamiento endovascular de aneurisma aórtico abdominal: resultados en 80 pacientes consecutivos/ Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: Results in 80 consecutive patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Background: Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) avoids laparotomy, shortens hospital stay and reduces morbidity and mortality related to surgical repair, allowing full patient recovery in less time. Aim: To report short and long term results of endovascular repair of AAA in 80 consecutive patients treated at our institution. Patients and Methods: Between September 1997 and February 2005, three women and 77 men with a mean age 73.6±7.7 years with AAA 5 (more) .8±1.0 cm in diameter, were treated. The surgical risk of 38% of patients was grade III according to the American Society of Anesthesiologists classification. Each procedure was performed in the operating room, under local or regional anesthesia, with the aid of digital substraction angiography. The endograft was deployed through the femoral artery (83.7% bifurcated, 16.3% tubular graft). A femoro-femoral bypass was required in 11.3% of cases. Follow-up included a spiral CT scan at 1, 6 and 12 months postoperatively, and then annually. Results: Endovascular repair was successfully completed in 79/80 patients (98.7% technical success). The procedures lasted 147±71 min. Length of stay in the observation unit was 20.6±13.5 h. Blood transfusion was required in 10%. Sixty two percent of the patients were discharged before 72 h. One patient died 8 days after surgery due to a myocardial infarction (1.3%). During follow-up (3-90 months), 1 patient developed late AAA enlargement due to a type I endoleak, requiring a new endograft. No AAA rupture was observed. Survival at 4 years was 84.2% (SE =9.2). Endovascular re-intervention free survival was 82.7% (SE =9.5). Conclusion: Endovascular surgery allows effective exclusion of AAA avoiding progressive enlargement and/or rupture and is a good alternative to open repair. Close and frequent postoperative follow up is mandatory

Valdés E, Francisco; Mertens M, Renato; Krämer Sch, Albrecht; Bergoeing R, Michel; Mariné M, Leopoldo; Canessa B, Roberto; Huete G, Alvaro; Vergara G, Jeanette; Valdebenito C, Magaly; Rivera D, Dixiana

2006-10-01

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Infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Endovascular repair with stent grafts  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As an alternative to surgery, endovascular therapy with stent grafts has become the second main treatment option for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. Unlike surgery, endovascular treatment with stent grafts is also applicable in patients unfit for open repair. Despite current improvements in endovascular repair devices, significant anatomic barriers still exclude this technique for a large number of patients. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound are essential for diagnostics, preintervention planning, and postintervention follow-up of abdominal aneurysms treated with stent grafts. This review covers etiology, pathology, and diagnostic aspects. Materials and methods for endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms are presented in detail, and clinical results and complications are discussed. (orig.)

2008-01-01

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Endovascular approach for ruptured abdominal aortic aneursyms.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) causes about 15000 deaths/year in the USA alone. Even though over the last 50 years progress in surgical techniques and in postoperative intensive care have been outstanding, the analysis of registries has shown either no decrease in the mortality rate for surgically treated rAAAs. Some reports asserted better out come for endovascular repair (EVAR) compared with surgery in case of rAAA. Despite this evidence, EVAR for rAAA remains prerogative of few centers worldwide. In conclusion only larger study or registry could assest the real role of EVAR in the management of rAAA.

Setacci F; Sirignano P; De Donato G; Chisci E; Galzerano G; Cappelli A; Palasciano G; Setacci C

2010-06-01

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Endovascular Treatment of Proximal Bilateral Iliac Limb Dislocation and Kinking following Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report the case of a 69-year-old man with a late type 1b endoleak due to proximal migration of both iliac limbs 5 years after endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The endovascular method used to correct bilaterally this condition is described. Final angiographic control shows patency of the stent-graft without signs of endoleak.

2005-01-01

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Intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome after endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the frequency of intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) after endovascular repair (EVAR) of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA). METHODS: This was a prospective clinical study. Patients with endovascular repair of rAAA between April 2004 and May 2010 were included. Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) was measured in the bladder every 4 h. IAH and ACS were defined according to the World Society of the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome consensus document. Early conservative treatments (diuretics, colloids and neuromuscular blockade) were given to patients with IAP > 12 mmHg. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients, who underwent endovascular repair of a rAAA, had their IAP monitored. Twenty-five percent of them were in shock at arrival. Postoperatively, 10/29 (34%) patients had an IAP > 15 mmHg and six (21%) had an IAP > 20 mmHg. Three (3/29, 10%) patients developed ACS that necessitated abdominal decompression in two. Five out of six patients with IAP > 20 mmHg presented with preoperative shock. All patients except one with preoperative shock developed some degree of IAH. CONCLUSION: IAH and ACS are common and potential serious complications after EVAR for rAAA. Successful outcome depends on early recognition, early conservative treatment to reduce IAH and decompression laparotomy if ACS develops.

Djavani Gidlund K; Wanhainen A; Björck M

2011-06-01

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Emergency endovascular repair for ruptured abdominal aneurysms - a feasibility study and report of 10 cases  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been proved to be effective and safe in the elective management of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). Initial reports concerning endovascular management of ruptured aneurysms have been promising. OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome of endovascular...

Van Marle, J.

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic paraanastomotic pseudoaneurysms after surgical reconstruction  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of endovascular treatment of paraaortic postoperative abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysms. Materials and methods: From April 1996 to November 2007 five men with paraaortic postoperative abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm underwent endovascular treatment. Average age was 64.2 years (range 54-73). The average time interval between the primary surgery and endovascular treatment was 12.4 years (4 months-23 years). Three patients were treated by aortouniiliacal stentgrafts and two patients by tube stentgrafts. Results: Technical success rate was 100%. Pseudoaneurysms were primarily excluded from circulation without perioperative complications in all patients. At follow-up (mean 38.5 months) there were no deaths and no endoleaks. In one patient thrombosis of stentgraft was found and it was successfully treated by thrombectomy. All pseudoaneurysms still continued to be excluded from circulation in the last follow-up. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment is minimally invasive, effective and safe option of surgery for paraaortic postoperative pseudoaneurysms.

2009-01-01

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Non-contrasted endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To discuss the endovascular exclusion without using contrast for abdominal aortic aneurysm patients with renal disfunction. Methods: We performed endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm in 3 cases associated with renal disfunction. The evaluations of related diagnostic informations including images were reviewed before operation. Results: The operations were successful in all 3 cases with 2 bifurcation grafts and 1 straight graft. After 1 to 3 months follow up through colour ultrasound, we found the aneurysms were excluded completely without endoleak, and occluded with thrombosis. The bloodflow in the graft was patent without abnormal peripheral circulation. Conclusions: Endovascular exclusion can be successfully performed on the abdominal aortic aneurysm with long aneurysm neck. Preoperative evaluation is important for the localization of renal artery and hypogastric artery

2003-01-01

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Neurologic injury after endovascular exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the mechanism of neurologic injury after endovascular graft exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms and the methods of prevention and treatment. Materials: Since March 1997 to October 2002, endovascular graft exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm have been preformed on 136 patients, with one occurrence of neurologic injury after the operation. The main body-short limb graft was used in this case (Talent) and the operation was successful. The patient complained of bilateral lower extremities pain and disability. Electromusculogram showed bilateral femoral nerve injury. Then the patient was treated with vitamin B12, hyperbaric oxygen and physical therapy for 2 months outcoming with the symptom improvement. Conclusions: Neurologic injury after endovascular graft exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysms is possible due to the occlusion of the lumbar artery during the operation. Early treatment is important and more effective. Later nerve nutrition and physical treatment can improve some symptoms partly

2003-01-01

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MRI-based Assessment of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair  

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Imaging techniques play a key role in the Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair (EVAR) follow-up. The most important parameters monitored after EVAR are the aneurysm size and the presence of endoleaks. Currently, computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is the most commonly used imaging modali...

Laan, M.J. van der

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Early complications in endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

OBJECTIVE: The incidence of perioperative complications during endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR) is reported in limited series. The aim of this study is to evaluate a multi-center survey of unexpected intraprocedural critical events of EVAR. METHODS: A questionnaire relative to...

GABRIELLI, LIVIO; DOMANIN, MAURIZIO

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Experiencia en el manejo endovascular para el tratamiento de la aorta torácica Experience in endovascular management for thoracic aorta treatment  

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Full Text Available Antecedentes: el tratamiento endovascular ofrece la posibilidad de cubrir el origen de la disección y evitar que progrese hasta aneurisma de la aorta, y con ello demuestra una reducción en la mortalidad hasta del 16%. Objetivo: evaluar los resultados quirúrgicos en términos de morbi-mortalidad de los pacientes sometidos a manejo endovascular de las lesiones de la aorta torácica en la Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia desde 2003 hasta 2005. Diseño-método: estudio longitudinal tipo descriptivo retrospectivo, en el que se evaluaron las historias clínicas de todos los pacientes sometidos a manejo endovascular de patología toracoabdominal; en éste sólo se incluyeron los pacientes con procedimientos de la aorta torácica, desde 2003 hasta 2005. El análisis de los datos se realizó en Stata/SE 8,0. Resultados: se realizaron procedimientos de aorta torácica en 16 pacientes. El 75% de los pacientes eran hombres con edad promedio de 55,9 ± 12,6 años. El 87,5% (14 pacientes) presentaban disección aórtica tipo A o B; un paciente transección traumática de la aorta y un paciente aneurisma de aorta torácica descendente. Las disecciones agudas se presentaron en 78,6% (11 pacientes) y las crónicas en 21,4% (3 pacientes). El promedio de endoprótesis usadas fue de 2,8 ± 1. La estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos fue de 3 ± 2,7 días. El 81,3% de los pacientes no presentaron complicaciones mayores. La mortalidad fue del 18,7% (3 pacientes). A todos se les realizó control post-operatorio con tomografía axial computarizada, con evolución satisfactoria. Conclusión: de acuerdo con los reportes de la literatura con mayor casuística, se considera que el manejo endovascular para el tratamiento de la disección, aneurisma o trauma aórtico es un procedimiento confiable que disminuye la morbi-mortalidad.Antecedents: endovascular treatment has the possibility of covering the dissection origin and to avoid its progression to aortic aneurysm, showing a 16% mortality reduction. Objective: evaluate surgical results in terms of morbid-mortality in patients submitted to endovascular management of thoracic aortic lesions in the Colombian Cardiovascular Foundation from 2003 to 2005. Design-Method: longitudinal descriptive retrospective study in which clinical histories of all patients submitted to endovascular treatment of thoracico-abdominal aortic lesions were evaluated. Only patients with thoracic aortic procedures between 2003 and 2005 were included. Data analysis was realized in Stata/SE 8,0. Results: thoracic aortic procedures were performed in 16 patients. 75% were male with mean age 55.9 ± 12.6 years. 87.5% (14) had type A or B aortic dissection; one patient had traumatic aortic transection and one had aneurysm of thoracic descendant aorta. Acute dissections were presented in 78.6% (11 patients) and chronic dissections in 21.4% (3 patients). Average of endoprosthesis employed was 2.8 ± 1. Intensive care unit stay was 3 ± 2.7 days. 81.3% had no mayor complications. Mortality was 18.7% (3 patients). All patients had post-operative computerized tomography scan, with satisfactory evolution. Conclusion: according to the largest casuistics literature reports, endovascular management of dissection, aneurysm or aortic trauma is considered a trustworthy procedure that diminishes morbid-mortality.

Juan G Barrera; Ligia C Mateus; Marisol Carreño; Jorge E Bayter; José F Saaibi; Carlos S Balestrini; Melquisedec Gutiérrez; Jaime Calderón; Víctor R Castillo; Óscar F Calvo; Jimmy G Muñoz; Carlos Santos; Jaime Amarillo; Ómar F Gomezese; Freddy López; Camilo Pizarro; Carlos A Luengas; Ángel M Chávez

2007-01-01

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Endovascular management in abdominal visceral arterial aneurysms: A pictorial essay  

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Full Text Available Visceral artery aneurysms (VAAs) include aneurysms of the splanchnic circulation and those of the renal artery. Their diagnosis is clinically important because of the associated high mortality and potential complications. Splenic, superior mesenteric, gastroduodenal, hepatic and renal arteries are some of the common arteries affected by VAAs. Though surgical resection and anastomosis still remains the treatment of choice in some of the cases, especially cases involving the proximal arteries, increasingly endovascular treatment is being used for more distal vessels. We present a pictorial review of various intra-abdominal VAAs and their endovascular management.

Manisha Jana; Shivanand Gamanagatti; Amar Mukund; Sujoy Paul; Pankaj Gupta; Pramod Garg; Tushar K Chattopadhyay; Peush Sahni

2011-01-01

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Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Patient with Renal Transplant  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Patients with functioning renal transplant who develop abdominal aortic aneurysm can safely be treated with endovascular repair. Endovascular repair of aneurysm avoids renal ischemia associated with cross-clamping of aorta.

2004-01-01

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Endovascular versus open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Few data are available on the long-term outcome of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm as compared with open repair. METHODS: From 1999 through 2004 at 37 hospitals in the United Kingdom, we randomly assigned 1252 patients with large abdominal aortic aneurysms (> or = 5.5 cm in diameter) to undergo either endovascular or open repair; 626 patients were assigned to each group. Patients were followed for rates of death, graft-related complications, reinterventions, and resource use until the end of 2009. Logistic regression and Cox regression were used to compare outcomes in the two groups. RESULTS: The 30-day operative mortality was 1.8% in the endovascular-repair group and 4.3% in the open-repair group (adjusted odds ratio for endovascular repair as compared with open repair, 0.39; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.18 to 0.87; P=0.02). The endovascular-repair group had an early benefit with respect to aneurysm-related mortality, but the benefit was lost by the end of the study, at least partially because of fatal endograft ruptures (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.57 to 1.49; P=0.73). By the end of follow-up, there was no significant difference between the two groups in the rate of death from any cause (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.86 to 1.23; P=0.72). The rates of graft-related complications and reinterventions were higher with endovascular repair, and new complications occurred up to 8 years after randomization, contributing to higher overall costs. CONCLUSIONS: In this large, randomized trial, endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm was associated with a significantly lower operative mortality than open surgical repair. However, no differences were seen in total mortality or aneurysm-related mortality in the long term. Endovascular repair was associated with increased rates of graft-related complications and reinterventions and was more costly. (Current Controlled Trials number, ISRCTN55703451.)

Greenhalgh RM; Brown LC; Powell JT; Thompson SG; Epstein D; Sculpher MJ

2010-05-01

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Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Aortocaval Fistula  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aortocaval fistula (ACF) is a rare complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). We report the endovascular repair of an AAA rupture into the inferior vena cava. A 78-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for acute hypotension. She presented with a pulsatile abdominal mass and became rapidly anuric. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed an AAA rupture into the inferior vena cava. The features of the AAA made it suitable for endovascular repair. To prevent pulmonary embolism caused by the presence of sac thrombosis near the vena cava lumen, a temporary vena cava filter was deployed before the procedure. A bifurcated stent-graft was placed with the patient under local anaesthesia, and the AAA was successfully treated. A transient type II endoleak was detected on CT 3 days after endograft placement. At routine follow-up 6 and 12 months after the procedure, the patient was in good clinical condition, and the type II endoleak had sealed completely. Endovascular treatment offers an attractive therapeutic alternative to open repair in case of ACF; however, only small numbers of patients have been treated, and long-term follow-up interval is lacking.

2010-01-01

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Endovascular therapy of thoracic and abdominal aortic lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the clinical effects of comprehensive endovascular therapy for thoracic and abdominal aortic lesions. Methods: Five patients with DeBakey III aortic dissection (AD) were treated with endovascular therapy; including endovascular exclusion (EVE) with one-stent-graft (4 cases), fenestration of intimal flap (FIF) (1 case). One pseudoaneurysm after venous prothesis placed in DeBakey IIIAD was treated with one-stent-graft and another one with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) below renal artery with separating stent-graft. Results: Five EVE with one-stent-graft were successfully furnished. Type I endoleakage was found in 2 cases, but disappeared after PTA in 1 case, and persisting after thirty minutes in another case. Both the lower leg's blood flow was recovered with symptom free in the FIF case. After one separating stent-graft placed, DSA showed that AAA disappeared without endoleakage. Conclusions: EVE or FIF is effective and reliable in treating thoracic and abdominal aortic lesions. Separating stent-graft shows more promising future. (authors)

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Tratamento endovascular de pseudoaneurisma da aorta abdominal: relato de caso Endovascular treatment of an abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm: a case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Um estudante de 17 anos, masculino, sofreu ferimentos por arma de fogo e foi submetido a uma laparotomia exploradora. No pós-operatório, queixava-se de dores em membros inferiores e de massa abdominal pulsátil. Realizou tomografia computadorizada (TC) de abdome, que evidenciou pseudoaneurisma de aorta abdominal de cerca de 8 cm no maior diâmetro, localizado entre o tronco celíaco e a artéria mesentérica superior. Uma arteriografia confirmou o diagnóstico e procedeu-se, então, a embolização da lesão com fragmentos de fio-guia montados com fios de algodão. Após seis meses, realizou ecoDoppler de aorta abdominal e nova TC de abdome, que evidenciaram fluxo no interior do saco do pseudoaneurisma. Foi, então, submetido a nova embolização endovascular e implante de stent não-revestido de 18 x 58 mm. Após seis meses do último procedimento, realizou-se nova TC de abdome que demonstrou exclusão da lesão.A 17 years old male student has received several gunshots and was submitted to exploratory laparotomy. After surgery, he complained of pain in the lower limbs and a pulsatile abdominal mass. An abdominal computerized tomography (CT) scan was carried out and revealed an abdominal aorta pseudoaneurysm of about 8 cm in the larger diameter between the celiac trunk and the superior mesenteric artery. An arteriography confirmed the diagnosis and he was submitted to the lesion embolization with cotton suture wires attached to metallic guide wire fragments. After six months, an abdominal aorta Doppler ultrasonography and a new abdominal CT scan were ordered and depicted flow inside the pseudoaneurysm. The patient was then submitted to a new endovascular embolization, and an 18 x 58 mm uncovered stent was placed. After six months from the last procedure, a new abdominal CT scan showed exclusion of the lesion.

Emerson Henrique do Nascimento; Adaylton Aragão Correia; Vânia Lúcia Cabral Rebouças; Stefan de Oliveira Simões; Carmelo Silveira Carneiro Leão Filho; Gustavo Tavares Collares da Penha

2010-01-01

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Tratamento endovascular de pseudoaneurisma da aorta abdominal: relato de caso/ Endovascular treatment of an abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm: a case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Um estudante de 17 anos, masculino, sofreu ferimentos por arma de fogo e foi submetido a uma laparotomia exploradora. No pós-operatório, queixava-se de dores em membros inferiores e de massa abdominal pulsátil. Realizou tomografia computadorizada (TC) de abdome, que evidenciou pseudoaneurisma de aorta abdominal de cerca de 8 cm no maior diâmetro, localizado entre o tronco celíaco e a artéria mesentérica superior. Uma arteriografia confirmou o diagnóstico e procede (more) u-se, então, a embolização da lesão com fragmentos de fio-guia montados com fios de algodão. Após seis meses, realizou ecoDoppler de aorta abdominal e nova TC de abdome, que evidenciaram fluxo no interior do saco do pseudoaneurisma. Foi, então, submetido a nova embolização endovascular e implante de stent não-revestido de 18 x 58 mm. Após seis meses do último procedimento, realizou-se nova TC de abdome que demonstrou exclusão da lesão. Abstract in english A 17 years old male student has received several gunshots and was submitted to exploratory laparotomy. After surgery, he complained of pain in the lower limbs and a pulsatile abdominal mass. An abdominal computerized tomography (CT) scan was carried out and revealed an abdominal aorta pseudoaneurysm of about 8 cm in the larger diameter between the celiac trunk and the superior mesenteric artery. An arteriography confirmed the diagnosis and he was submitted to the lesion e (more) mbolization with cotton suture wires attached to metallic guide wire fragments. After six months, an abdominal aorta Doppler ultrasonography and a new abdominal CT scan were ordered and depicted flow inside the pseudoaneurysm. The patient was then submitted to a new endovascular embolization, and an 18 x 58 mm uncovered stent was placed. After six months from the last procedure, a new abdominal CT scan showed exclusion of the lesion.

Nascimento, Emerson Henrique do; Correia, Adaylton Aragão; Rebouças, Vânia Lúcia Cabral; Simões, Stefan de Oliveira; Leão Filho, Carmelo Silveira Carneiro; Penha, Gustavo Tavares Collares da

2010-09-01

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Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in the geriatric population  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a relatively common pathology among the elderly. More people above the age of 80 will have to undergo treatment of an AAA in the future. This review aims to summarize the literature focusing on endovascular repair of AAA in the geriatric population. A systematic review of the literature was performed, including results from endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) registries and studies comparing open repair and EVAR in those above the age of 80. A total of 15 studies were identified. EVAR in this population is efficient with a success rate exceeding 90% in all cases, and safe, with early mortality and morbidity being superior among patients undergoing EVAR against open repair. Late survival can be as high as 95% after 5 years. Aneurysm-related death over long-term follow-up was low after EVAR, ranging from 0 to 3.4%. Endovascular repair can be offered safely in the geriatric population and seems to compare favourably with open repair in all studies in the literature to date.

Athanasios Saratzis; Saif Mohamed

2012-01-01

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Zenith abdominal aortic aneurysm endovascular graft: a literature review.  

Science.gov (United States)

The early experience of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using ''first generation'' devices was disappointing. There was an appreciable incidence of delayed, post-EVAR, aneurysm rupture. This was primarily a consequence of structural device failure. These failures provided important lessons for re-design and the modern ''second generation'' devices, including the Zenith (Cook Inc, Bloomington, IN, USA) endograft, are thought to be more reliable, particularly providing better fixation and sealing and also a more durable stent/fabric structure. This article comprises a review of the English literature detailing the endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms using the Zenith endograft. It focuses on clinical studies or trials with intermediate to long-term follow-up, and related the literature to our own experience. In the series examined (N.=2 017 patients) the early mortality rate ranged from 0% to 4.1% and the technical success rate from 97.7% to 100%. The re-intervention rate was related to the length of follow-up (6.8% to 14%). Conversion rates were consistently <1%. There was a low incidence of device migration, limb thrombosis, component separation and stent fracture. These data support the ongoing use of the Zenith endovascular graft in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms suitable for EVAR. PMID:19329913

D'Elia, P; Tyrrell, M; Azzaoui, R; Sobocinski, J; Koussa, M; Valenti, D; Haulon, S

2009-04-01

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Zenith abdominal aortic aneurysm endovascular graft: a literature review.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The early experience of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using ''first generation'' devices was disappointing. There was an appreciable incidence of delayed, post-EVAR, aneurysm rupture. This was primarily a consequence of structural device failure. These failures provided important lessons for re-design and the modern ''second generation'' devices, including the Zenith (Cook Inc, Bloomington, IN, USA) endograft, are thought to be more reliable, particularly providing better fixation and sealing and also a more durable stent/fabric structure. This article comprises a review of the English literature detailing the endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms using the Zenith endograft. It focuses on clinical studies or trials with intermediate to long-term follow-up, and related the literature to our own experience. In the series examined (N.=2 017 patients) the early mortality rate ranged from 0% to 4.1% and the technical success rate from 97.7% to 100%. The re-intervention rate was related to the length of follow-up (6.8% to 14%). Conversion rates were consistently <1%. There was a low incidence of device migration, limb thrombosis, component separation and stent fracture. These data support the ongoing use of the Zenith endovascular graft in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms suitable for EVAR.

D'Elia P; Tyrrell M; Azzaoui R; Sobocinski J; Koussa M; Valenti D; Haulon S

2009-04-01

26

Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in patients with renal transplant.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in patients with functioning renal transplant is critical because it is important to avoid ischemic and reperfusion injury to the transplanted kidney. Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) avoids aortic cross clamping and can prevent renal graft ischemia. Here we report the endovascular management and outcome of AAA in two renal transplant patients using a bifurcated aortic stent graft. One patient underwent EVAR using a small amount of contrast (30 mL) due to decreased renal function resulting from chronic rejection. Another patient had EVAR performed with iliac conduit because of the heavily calcified, stenotic lesion of external iliac artery. EVAR in patients with a renal transplant is a feasible option without impairing renal arterial flow.

Joh JH; Nam DH; Park HC

2013-03-01

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Open abdomen treatment following endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms  

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BACKGROUND: Open abdomen treatment (OAT) is considered a lifesaving procedure in patients with abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) after endovascular or open intervention for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAA). Standardized treatment methods and algorithms for its use are still lacking. The...

Mayer, D; Rancic, Z; Meier, C; Pfammatter, T; Veith, F J; Lachat, M

28

Tratamiento endovascular de transecciones agudas de la aorta descendente/ Endovascular treatment of acute traumatic aortic rupture  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Los accidentes por desaceleración súbita se asocian a transección de la aorta torácica, falleciendo 85-90% de ellos en el sitio del suceso. Los que sobreviven presentan habitualmente politraumatismo asociado grave, teniendo la reparación quirúrgica convencional de la aorta una alta morbimortalidad. La reparación endovascular es una alternativa menos invasiva y de menor morbi-mortalidad. Objetivo: Analizar los resultados de la reparación endovascular de transeccion (more) es agudas de la aorta torácica. Pacientes y Métodos: Se revisan los antecedentes de los pacientes tratados entre agosto de 2002 y marzo de 2010. Resultados: Tratamos 16 pacientes (14 hombres, 42,7 ± 15,8 años, extremos 24-74) con transección traumática aguda de aorta torácica descendente. Quince presentaban lesiones asociadas: traumatismo encéfalo-craneano (7), fractura de huesos largos (9), laceración esplénica (4), hepática (1), renal (3). La causa del accidente fue vehicular en 13 casos y caída de altura en 3. El diagnóstico fue realizado mediante tomograña axial computada al ingreso y luego angiograña en la sala de operaciones. El tratamiento consistió en la cobertura de la zona de transección mediante el implante de una endoprótesis, siendo necesario cubrir la arteria subclavia izquierda en 11 casos, sin requerir revascularización de la extremidad. El éxito técnico fue 100%, no hubo mortalidad relacionada al procedimiento. No hubo paraplejia. Un paciente de 60 años fallece al 5to día por lesiones asociadas graves. En el seguimiento alejado a 30,8 meses (1-80) no ha habido complicaciones ni reintervenciones. Conclusión: La cirugía endovascular es una alternativa eficaz y con baja morbimortalidad para el tratamiento de transecciones de la aorta torácica. Abstract in english Background: Traumatic rupture of the thoracic aorta as a result from high-speed deceleration injury is associated with a mortality rate of 80% to 90% at the scene of the accident. Survivors usually have life-threatening injuries to other organ systems. Standard open repair is associated with a high penoperative morbidity and mortality. Endografting offers a less invasive alternative to open surgical repair. Aim: To evaluate results of endovascular management of acute trau (more) matic descending thoracic aortic ruptures. Methods: Between August 2002 and March 2010, patients treated for this trauma were reviewed. Results: 16 patients (fourteen males mean age 42.7 ± 15.8 years, range 24-74) underwent endovascular treatment of an acute aortic rupture. Associated traumas in fifteen patients were: severe brain (7), spleen (4), liver (1), kidney (3) and large bone (9) injuries. Motor vehicle accidents caused 13 of the injuries and fall from height 3. Rupture was diagnosed with admission CT sean and confirmed by intraoperative angiogram. Patients were treated with thoracic aortic endograft, in 11 cases the left subclavian artery was covered with no need for further revascularization. Technical success was 100%, no procedure-related mortality or paraplegia was observed. One patient died 5 days after the procedure due to severe associated injuries. During a mean follow-up of 30.8 months (range 1-80), no deaths, complications or need for further interventions presented. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment of acute traumatic aortic isthmic rupture is encouraging and compares favorably to open surgical approach with low morbidity and mortality rates.

MARINÉ M, LEOPOLDO; MERTENS M, RENATO; VALDÉS E, FRANCISCO; KRÄMER SCH, ALBRECHT; BERGOEING R, MICHEL; PLAZA DE LOS REYES Z, MIGUEL; FERNÁNDEZ S, FROILÁN

2011-02-01

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Tratamiento endovascular del vasospasmo cerebral inducido por hemorragia subaracnoidea aneurismática Endovascular treatment of cerebral vasospasm due to aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El vasospasmo cerebral es una de las principales causas de morbimortalidad en los pacientes con hemorragia subaracnoidea por rotura de un aneurisma cerebral. Cuando el vasospasmo se hace resistente al tratamiento médico máximo, el tratamiento endovascular es una opción terapéutica para incrementar el flujo sanguíneo cerebral y evitar lesiones isquémicas cerebrales. Los rápidos avances en técnicas endovasculares permiten utilizar la angioplastia transluminal percutánea y la infusión intraarterial de diversos fármacos vasodilatadores para revertir el vasospasmo. En este artículo se revisan las diferentes técnicas endovasculares disponibles y se describen sus mecanismos de acción, técnicas de administración, resultados clínicos y complicaciones.Cerebral vasospasm remains a leading cause of death and disability in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. When vasospasm becomes refractory to maximal medical treatment, endovascular therapies may be considered as an option to increase cerebral blood flow to prevent cerebral infarction. Endovascular techniques include transluminal balloon angioplasty and intra-arterial infusion of vasorelaxants. This article reviews the various endovascular techniques for the treatment of cerebral vasospasm and discusses the mechanisms of action, techniques of administration, clinical results, and limitations of these treatment strategies.

Pedro P. Alcázar; Alejandro González; Antonio Romance

2008-01-01

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Tratamiento endovascular del vasospasmo cerebral inducido por hemorragia subaracnoidea aneurismática/ Endovascular treatment of cerebral vasospasm due to aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El vasospasmo cerebral es una de las principales causas de morbimortalidad en los pacientes con hemorragia subaracnoidea por rotura de un aneurisma cerebral. Cuando el vasospasmo se hace resistente al tratamiento médico máximo, el tratamiento endovascular es una opción terapéutica para incrementar el flujo sanguíneo cerebral y evitar lesiones isquémicas cerebrales. Los rápidos avances en técnicas endovasculares permiten utilizar la angioplastia transluminal percut (more) ánea y la infusión intraarterial de diversos fármacos vasodilatadores para revertir el vasospasmo. En este artículo se revisan las diferentes técnicas endovasculares disponibles y se describen sus mecanismos de acción, técnicas de administración, resultados clínicos y complicaciones. Abstract in english Cerebral vasospasm remains a leading cause of death and disability in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. When vasospasm becomes refractory to maximal medical treatment, endovascular therapies may be considered as an option to increase cerebral blood flow to prevent cerebral infarction. Endovascular techniques include transluminal balloon angioplasty and intra-arterial infusion of vasorelaxants. This article reviews the various endovascular techniques for th (more) e treatment of cerebral vasospasm and discusses the mechanisms of action, techniques of administration, clinical results, and limitations of these treatment strategies.

Alcázar, Pedro P.; González, Alejandro; Romance, Antonio

2008-11-01

31

Intraoperative Sac Pressure Measurement During Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

PurposeIntraoperative sac pressure was measured during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) to evaluate the clinical significance of sac pressure measurement.MethodsA microcatheter was placed in an aneurysm sac from the contralateral femoral artery, and sac pressure was measured during EVAR procedures in 47 patients. Aortic blood pressure was measured as a control by a catheter from the left brachial artery.ResultsThe systolic sac pressure index (SPI) was 0.87 ± 0.10 after main-body deployment, 0.63 ± 0.12 after leg deployment (P

2010-01-01

32

Tratamiento endovascular del trauma vascular periférico/ Endovascular treatment of peripheral vascular trauma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El trauma vascular representa un problema de salud pública a nivel nacional e internacional. La epidemia de violencia con mayor uso de armas de alta y baja velocidad en los conflictos militares y a nivel civil urbano, las velocidades más altas en las carreteras y los accidentes laborales, han aumentado la incidencia del trauma vascular. La aparición de procedimientos y tecnologías endovasculares ha ofrecido nuevas alternativas en casos complejos de trauma vascular, co (more) mo accesos vasculares difíciles, complicaciones tardías y pacientes con enfermedades concomitantes. En este artículo se presenta la experiencia, desde enero de 2010 hasta enero de 2012, con siete pacientes que recibieron tratamiento endovascular y tuvieron seguimiento a seis meses. En 6 (86 %) pacientes fue posible la implantación de endoprótesis (stent) y en uno fue necesario crear un émbolo en la arteria ilio-lumbar mediante espirales de acero (coils). El tiempo promedio de duración del procedimiento quirúrgico fue de 60,7 minutos, con un rango de 40 a 90 minutos. En todos los casos se comprobó éxito angiográfico y permeabilidad del vaso lesionado. Abstract in english Vascular trauma constitutes a public health problem both nationally and internationally. The epidemy of violence with greater use of high and low velocity weapons in the military conflicts as well as at the civil urban level, have increased the incidence of vascular trauma. The advent of endovascular procedures and technologies offer new alternative approaches in complex vascular trauma, such as those with difficult vascular access, late complications and patients with co (more) ncomitant complications. Hereby we present our experience with seven patients that were submitted to endovascular treatment in the period January 2010 to January 2012, with six months follow-up. In six patients (86%) it was possible to implant a stent, and in one it became necessary to create an embolus in the ilio-lumbar artery by means of a steel spiral coil. Mean operating time was 60.7 minutes, with a rank of 40 to 90 minutes. Successful result was demonstrated in all cases by angiography and permeability of the affected vessel.

Jiménez, César Eduardo; Peña, Diego

2012-12-01

33

Aneurisma roto de aorta torácica descendente: tratamiento endovascular/ Endovascular treatment of a ruptured thoracic aorta aneurysm  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english In 1991, a technique to exclude aortic aneurysms from circulation inserting an endoluminal graft through the femoral artery, was described. This procedure, usually used for elective abdominal aneurysms, can also be used in the thoracic aorta. We report a 41 years old male with a Marfan syndrome, presenting with a descending aorta aneurysm that ruptured to the mediastinum and pleural cavity. He was compensated hemodynamically and an endovascular stent-graft was deployed at (more) the ruptured zone, through the femoral artery. The postoperative evolution of the patient was uneventful. This technique will allow a less invasive treatment of ruptured aortic aneurysms (Rev Méd Chile 2001; 129: 1439-43)

Mertens M, Renato; Valdés E, Francisco; Krämer Sch, Albrecht; Irarrázaval L, Manuel; Mariné M, Leopoldo; Vergara G, Jeannette

2001-12-01

34

Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: a review  

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Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a relatively common disease among the elderly population and may be present in up to 5.9 % of the population aged 80 years. Abdominal aortic aneurysm more than 5 cm in diameter are more prone to rupture, with a significant mortality rate. Conventional surgical treatment is quite effective in the lower surgical risk population; however, in the population with a higher risk level the mortality and morbidity significantly increase. The development of less invasive techniques to treat AAA derived from the necessity to reduce the morbidity and mortality. The development of the endovascular endoprostheses was a significant landmark in the management of those patients with AAA, particularly the ones with increased risk. Although the stent-graft technology is still in its infancy, a large amount of information is available and an attempt to summarize this experience is presented herein. An extensive review of the stent-graft technology is presented, including variations in design and classification of the several systems available. Technical aspects of the use of endovascular prostheses are presented, as well as the most recent outcome information available. The problems of endoleaks is discussed and the techniques for treatment and outcomes presented. Finally, a summary of specific information on most of the devices available is presented. (orig.)

Uflacker, R. [Department of Radiology, Interventional Radiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC (United States); Robison, J. [Dept. of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC (United States)

2001-05-01

35

Current role for endovascular treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms seems to have better outcomes than open repair if certain strategies, techniques, and adjuncts are employed. These include a standard approach or protocol; use of fluid restriction (hypotensive hemostasis), performance of the procedure in a site equipped for excellent fluoroscopic imaging and open surgery, use of percutaneous approaches and local anesthesia for initial guide wire and catheter placement, placement of a large supraceliac aortic sheath, and obtaining balloon control only when absolutely necessary. Details of obtaining this control are critical, and aortic control must not be lost until the rupture site is excluded. Multiple balloons might be required, including ones placed within the endograft. Sheath placement and fixation until the balloon is removed are also critically important. Bifurcated and unilateral endografts can be used successfully. Abdominal compartment syndrome must be looked for and treated aggressively; endovascular repair must be used in the highest-risk patients, including those in profound hemorrhagic shock, to gain the greatest advantages of this approach. PMID:23062498

Veith, Frank J; Cayne, Neal S; Berland, Todd L; Mayer, Dieter; Lachat, Mario

2012-09-01

36

Intra-Abdominal Hypertension and Abdominal Compartment Syndrome in Association with Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in the Endovascular Era: Vigilance Remains Critical  

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Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are common complications of ruptured abdominal aortoiliac aneurysms (rAAAs) and other abdominal vascular catastrophes even in the age of endovascular therapy. Morbidity and mortality due to systemic inflammatory response syn...

Bozeman, Matthew C.; Ross, Charles B.

37

Tratamiento endovascular de lesiones traumáticas de troncos supra aórticos/ Endovascular treatment of traumatic supra aortic trunk lesions  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Introducción: Las lesiones traumáticas de troncos supra aórticos (TSA) tienen elevada morbimor-talidad, y su tratamiento presenta un desafío técnico. Las técnicas endovasculares se presentan como una alternativa atractiva y de menor riesgo para su solución efectiva. Objetivos: Evaluar los resultados del tratamiento endovascular de las lesiones de TSA. Material y Método: Se revisaron retrospectivamente todos los pacientes sometidos a tratamiento endovascular de les (more) iones de TSA. Resultados: Entre Marzo de 2000 y Agosto de 2009 se intervinieron 8 pacientes, 6 hombres, edad promedio 33,6 años. El mecanismo traumático fue contuso en 3 y penetrante en 5. Los vasos afectados fueron arteria subclavia en 5, tronco braquiocefálico en 2 y carótida común en uno. De los pacientes con lesión subclavia, tres presentaron compromiso de plexo braquial asociado. Siete pacientes fueron tratados con implante de endoprótesis y uno mediante embolización. Un paciente requirió un stent no cubierto para tratar el colapso parcial precoz de una endoprótesis. No hubo morbilidad neurológica de novo ni mortalidad operatoria. El seguimiento clínico promedio es 24,3 meses. Dos pacientes se perdieron al seguimiento. La permeabilidad primaria asistida es 100% a 21,9 meses. Conclusiones: El tratamiento endovascular de lesiones de TSA es efectivo, con baja morbimortalidad y con buena permeabilidad a mediano plazo. Abstract in english Introduction: Traumatic lesions of supra aortic trunks (SAT) have an elevated morbidity and mortality, and its treatment is technically challenging. Endovascular techniques offer an effective solution with a lower risk, making it an attractive alternative. Objectives: Retrospective review of all the patients with SAT lesions treated with endovascular techniques. Results: Between March 2000 to August 2009, 8 patients were treated, 6 men, mean age 33.6 years. Three patients (more) suffered blunt and 5 a penetrating trauma. The injured vessels were subclavian artery in 5, brachiocephalic trunk in two and common carotid in one. Of the 5 patients with subclavian artery injury, three had associated brachial plexus injury. Six patients were treated with an endo-graft and one with coil-embolization. One patient suffered an early partial collapse of his endograft, requiring an additional bare metal stent to maintain patency. In this series there was neither neurological morbidity nor operative mortality. Follow-up is 24.3 months, and primary assisted patency is 100% at 21.9 months with two patients lost to follow-up. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of SAT lesions is effective, showing low morbidity and mortality with a good mid-term patency.

BERGOEING R, MICHEL; MERTENS M, RENATO; MARINÉ M, LEOPOLDO; VALDÉS E, FRANCISCO; KRÄMER SCH, ALBRECHT; SONNEBORN G, RICARDO

2011-04-01

38

Tratamiento endovascular de lesiones traumáticas de troncos supra aórticos Endovascular treatment of traumatic supra aortic trunk lesions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introducción: Las lesiones traumáticas de troncos supra aórticos (TSA) tienen elevada morbimor-talidad, y su tratamiento presenta un desafío técnico. Las técnicas endovasculares se presentan como una alternativa atractiva y de menor riesgo para su solución efectiva. Objetivos: Evaluar los resultados del tratamiento endovascular de las lesiones de TSA. Material y Método: Se revisaron retrospectivamente todos los pacientes sometidos a tratamiento endovascular de lesiones de TSA. Resultados: Entre Marzo de 2000 y Agosto de 2009 se intervinieron 8 pacientes, 6 hombres, edad promedio 33,6 años. El mecanismo traumático fue contuso en 3 y penetrante en 5. Los vasos afectados fueron arteria subclavia en 5, tronco braquiocefálico en 2 y carótida común en uno. De los pacientes con lesión subclavia, tres presentaron compromiso de plexo braquial asociado. Siete pacientes fueron tratados con implante de endoprótesis y uno mediante embolización. Un paciente requirió un stent no cubierto para tratar el colapso parcial precoz de una endoprótesis. No hubo morbilidad neurológica de novo ni mortalidad operatoria. El seguimiento clínico promedio es 24,3 meses. Dos pacientes se perdieron al seguimiento. La permeabilidad primaria asistida es 100% a 21,9 meses. Conclusiones: El tratamiento endovascular de lesiones de TSA es efectivo, con baja morbimortalidad y con buena permeabilidad a mediano plazo.Introduction: Traumatic lesions of supra aortic trunks (SAT) have an elevated morbidity and mortality, and its treatment is technically challenging. Endovascular techniques offer an effective solution with a lower risk, making it an attractive alternative. Objectives: Retrospective review of all the patients with SAT lesions treated with endovascular techniques. Results: Between March 2000 to August 2009, 8 patients were treated, 6 men, mean age 33.6 years. Three patients suffered blunt and 5 a penetrating trauma. The injured vessels were subclavian artery in 5, brachiocephalic trunk in two and common carotid in one. Of the 5 patients with subclavian artery injury, three had associated brachial plexus injury. Six patients were treated with an endo-graft and one with coil-embolization. One patient suffered an early partial collapse of his endograft, requiring an additional bare metal stent to maintain patency. In this series there was neither neurological morbidity nor operative mortality. Follow-up is 24.3 months, and primary assisted patency is 100% at 21.9 months with two patients lost to follow-up. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of SAT lesions is effective, showing low morbidity and mortality with a good mid-term patency.

MICHEL BERGOEING R; RENATO MERTENS M; LEOPOLDO MARINÉ M; FRANCISCO VALDÉS E; ALBRECHT KRÄMER SCH; RICARDO SONNEBORN G

2011-01-01

39

Thrombus Volume Change Visualization after Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair  

Science.gov (United States)

A surgical technique currently used in the treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA) is the Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR). This minimally invasive procedure involves inserting a prosthesis in the aortic vessel that excludes the aneurysm from the bloodstream. The stent, once in place acts as a false lumen for the blood current to travel down, and not into the surrounding aneurysm sac. This procedure, therefore, immediately takes the pressure off the aneurysm, which thromboses itself after some time. Nevertheless, in a long term perspective, different complications such as prosthesis displacement or bloodstream leaks into or from the aneurysmatic bulge (endoleaks) could appear causing a pressure elevation and, as a result, increasing the danger of rupture. The purpose of this work is to explore the application of image registration techniques to the visual detection of changes in the thrombus in order to assess the evolution of the aneurysm. Prior to registration, both the lumen and the thrombus are segmented

Maiora, Josu; García, Guillermo; Macía, Iván; Legarreta, Jon Haitz; Boto, Fernando; Paloc, Céline; Graña, Manuel; Abuín, Javier Sanchez

40

Tratamiento "híbrido" del aneurisma tóraco-abdominal: revascularización visceral extraanatómica e inserción de endoprótesis/ Extra anatomical revascularization and endovascular stent-grafting for thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair: Report of four cases  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Surgical treatment of thoracoabdominal aneurysms is a big technical challenge with a high rate of complications and mortality. It requires a large exposure and transient interruption of vital organ perfusion during its repair. Endovascular repair is a less invasive alternative available over the last decade. We report four male patients aged 44 to 76 years, with thoracic aortic aneurysms and involvement of visceral aorta, treated with a two stage procedure. During the fir (more) st stage, a retrograde revascularization of the superior mesenteric and renal arteries from the infrarenal aorta was done, associated in two cases to a concomitant repair of an infrarenal aortic aneurysm. In the second stage, an endovascular graft was placed through the femoral artery, from the segment proximal to the aneurysm to the infrarenal aorta, above the origin of the visceral artery reconstructions, excluding the aneurysm from circulation. In one patient, both stages were concomitant and in three the second stage was delayed. One patient presented a postoperative bleeding that required reintervention without adverse consequences. No patient died, presented paraplegia or deterioration of renal function. After follow up of 6 to 20 months, there is no evidence of aneurysm growth or complications derived from the procedure

Mertens M, Renato; Valdés E, Francisco; Krämer Sch, Albrecht; Mariné M, Leopoldo; Bergoeing R, Michel; Sagües C, Rodrigo; Huete G, Alvaro; Vergara G, Jeannette; Valdebenito G, Magaly

2007-02-01

 
 
 
 
41

Tratamiento "híbrido" del aneurisma tóraco-abdominal: revascularización visceral extraanatómica e inserción de endoprótesis Extra anatomical revascularization and endovascular stent-grafting for thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair: Report of four cases  

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Full Text Available Surgical treatment of thoracoabdominal aneurysms is a big technical challenge with a high rate of complications and mortality. It requires a large exposure and transient interruption of vital organ perfusion during its repair. Endovascular repair is a less invasive alternative available over the last decade. We report four male patients aged 44 to 76 years, with thoracic aortic aneurysms and involvement of visceral aorta, treated with a two stage procedure. During the first stage, a retrograde revascularization of the superior mesenteric and renal arteries from the infrarenal aorta was done, associated in two cases to a concomitant repair of an infrarenal aortic aneurysm. In the second stage, an endovascular graft was placed through the femoral artery, from the segment proximal to the aneurysm to the infrarenal aorta, above the origin of the visceral artery reconstructions, excluding the aneurysm from circulation. In one patient, both stages were concomitant and in three the second stage was delayed. One patient presented a postoperative bleeding that required reintervention without adverse consequences. No patient died, presented paraplegia or deterioration of renal function. After follow up of 6 to 20 months, there is no evidence of aneurysm growth or complications derived from the procedure

Renato Mertens M; Francisco Valdés E; Albrecht Krämer Sch; Leopoldo Mariné M; Michel Bergoeing R; Rodrigo Sagües C; Alvaro Huete G; Jeannette Vergara G; Magaly Valdebenito G

2007-01-01

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Endovascular repair of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm in a patient with unfavorable anatomy.  

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Endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) offers hope of improved outcomes in patients presenting with acute rupture. However, a high proportion of such patients have unfavorable proximal neck anatomy and are not suitable for treatment with conventional endografts. In this case report, the authors describe a successful endovascular repair of a ruptured AAA with very short and angulated proximal neck. PMID:19828584

Bellosta, Raffaello; Luzzani, Luca; Carugati, Claudio; Cossu, Luisa; Sarcina, Antonio

2009-10-14

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Endovascular repair of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm in a patient with unfavorable anatomy.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) offers hope of improved outcomes in patients presenting with acute rupture. However, a high proportion of such patients have unfavorable proximal neck anatomy and are not suitable for treatment with conventional endografts. In this case report, the authors describe a successful endovascular repair of a ruptured AAA with very short and angulated proximal neck.

Bellosta R; Luzzani L; Carugati C; Cossu L; Sarcina A

2010-01-01

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Impact of renal dysfunction on operative mortality following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery.  

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Preoperative renal dysfunction is a significant risk factor for death after open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. The aim of this study was to determine whether renal dysfunction also affected mortality after endovascular aneurysm repair.

van Eps, RG; Leurs, LJ; Hobo, R; Harris, PL; Buth, J; EUROSTAR Collaborators,

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Tratamiento endovascular de un aneurisma gigante en arteria cerebral posterior  

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Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 35 años con un aneurisma gigante de arteria cerebral posterior izquierda segmento P1 tratado con la colocación endovascular de un coil desprendible de Guglielmi con exclusión completa. Abstract in english We present the case of a 35 year old woman with a giant aneurysm in the left posterior cerebral artery P1 segment who was treated with the endovascular placement of a Guglielmi's detachable coil with complete exclusion.

MARTÍNEZ PONCE DE LEÓN, ANGEL; GARZA MERCADO, ROMÁN; TAMEZ MONTES, DAGOBERTO; VILLARREAL REYNA, GUSTAVO; MORALES GARCÍA, DANIEL

2004-06-01

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New insights in (acute) endovascular abdominal aneurysm repair: when fenestrated devices fall short.  

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The suitability for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is determined primarily by abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) anatomy. For patients unsuitable for standard EVAR, due to proximal neck anatomy, fenestrated aortic stent-grafting (FEVAR) is a viable alternative to open repair surgery. Initially FEVAR stent-grafts were custom-made to fit the unique anatomical characteristics of each treated individual. This customization leads to production delays therefore excluding acute aneurysms from endovascular treatment. For patients in need for more urgent treatment, several alternatives have currently been developed. The aim of this review is to provide an overview on current developments and results in acute endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. PMID:23558653

Pol, R A; Tielliu, I F J; Zeebregts, C J

2013-04-01

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Modification of an endovascular stent graft for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

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Endovascular surgery is currently used to treat abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). A stent graft is deployed to exclude blood flow from the aneurysm sac. It is an effective procedure used in preventing aneurysm rupture, with reduced patient morbidity and mortality compared to open surgical repair. Migration and leakage around the device ("endoleak") due to poor sealing of the stent graft to the aorta have raised concerns about the long-term durability of endovascular repair. A preliminary study of cell migration and proliferation is presented as a prelude to a more extensive in vivo testing. A method to enhance the biological seal between the stent graft and the aorta is proposed to eliminate this problem. This can be achieved by impregnating the stent graft with 50/50 poly (DL-lactide co glycolic acid) (PLGA) and growth factors such as basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) or connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), at the proximal and distal ends. It is hypothesized that as PLGA degrades it will release the growth factors that will promote proliferation and migration of aortic smooth muscle cells to the coated site, leading to a natural seal between the aorta and the stent graft. In addition, growth factor release should promote smooth muscle cell (SMC) contraction that will help keep the stent graft in place at the proximal and distal ends. It is shown that a statistically significant effect of increased cell proliferation and migration is observed for CTGF release. Less of an effect is noted for bFGF or just the PLGA. The effect is estimated to be large enough to be clinically significant in a future animal study. The long term goal of this study is to reduce migration encounter after graft deployment and to reduce secondary interventions of EVAR especially for older patients who are unfit for open surgical treatment.

Moloye, Olajompo Busola

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Liposucción en el tratamiento de lipodistrofia abdominal  

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Full Text Available La lipodistrofia abdominal altera la estética corporal y para la mayoría ha surgido la posibilidad de resolver esta alteración mediante la liposucción, que desde su aparición ha experimentado múltiples modificaciones. Con el fin de evaluar los resultados de la aplicación de esta técnica en nuestro medio, seleccionamos una muestra de 85 pacientes con el diagnóstico de lipodistrofia abdominal ligera y moderada, a los cuales se les realizó dicha técnica y se evaluaron los resultados obtenidos. Se lograron resultados estéticos satisfactorios en un alto porcentaje de los pacientes (88,2 %) pocos fueron los insatisfactorios y ello debido fundamentalmente a complicaciones que aparecieron tardíamente. Los síntomas y signos posoperatorios fueron bien tolerados y desaparecieron antes de los 2 meses. Se concluye en que la liposucción contribuye a perfeccionar la estética corporal, con un mínimo de complicaciones, siempre y cuando se realice una selección adecuada de los pacientes y se aplique correctamente la técnica, evitándose la excesiva aspiración de grasa

José Cairos Báez; Irasema Bezares Ramos; Carmen Pérez Nieves

1997-01-01

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Liposucción en el tratamiento de lipodistrofia abdominal  

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Full Text Available Abstract in spanish La lipodistrofia abdominal altera la estética corporal y para la mayoría ha surgido la posibilidad de resolver esta alteración mediante la liposucción, que desde su aparición ha experimentado múltiples modificaciones. Con el fin de evaluar los resultados de la aplicación de esta técnica en nuestro medio, seleccionamos una muestra de 85 pacientes con el diagnóstico de lipodistrofia abdominal ligera y moderada, a los cuales se les realizó dicha técnica y se evalu (more) aron los resultados obtenidos. Se lograron resultados estéticos satisfactorios en un alto porcentaje de los pacientes (88,2 %) pocos fueron los insatisfactorios y ello debido fundamentalmente a complicaciones que aparecieron tardíamente. Los síntomas y signos posoperatorios fueron bien tolerados y desaparecieron antes de los 2 meses. Se concluye en que la liposucción contribuye a perfeccionar la estética corporal, con un mínimo de complicaciones, siempre y cuando se realice una selección adecuada de los pacientes y se aplique correctamente la técnica, evitándose la excesiva aspiración de grasa Abdominal lipodystrophy alters body esthetics and for the most people there is the possibility of solving this problem by liposuction which has been subjected to multiple modifications since it appeared for the first time. With the aim of assessing the results of the application of this technique, a sample of 85 patients diagnosed as having mild to moderate abdominal lipodystrophy was selected. Patients were surgically trated by this technique and results thus obtained were evaluated. Satisfactory esthetic results were attained in a great percentage of patients (88.2 %), and there were few non-satisfactory results due mainly to late complications. Postoperative signs and symptoms were well tolerated and they dissapeared before 2 months after the operation. It is concluded that liposuction may contribute to improve body esthetics with few complications provided that an adequate selection of patients is done with a correct application of this technique avoiding an excessive fat aspiration

Cairos Báez, José; Bezares Ramos, Irasema; Pérez Nieves, Carmen

1997-08-01

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Tratamiento endovascular del trauma de aorta descendente/ Endovascular treatment of descending aorta trauma  

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Full Text Available Abstract in english Background: Mortality of traumatic aortic lesions is over 80%. A group of those who survive, develop a chronic pseudo aneurism, usually asymptomatic, that is detected during imaging studies. Since conventional surgical treatment of traumatic aortic lesions has a great mortality, endovascular treatment has been used as an alternative treatment in the last decade. Aim: To report our experience with endovascular treatment of traumatic aortic lesions. Patients and methods: Re (more) port of seven patients aged 22 to 65 years, with traumatic aortic lesions. Under general anesthesia an endovascular prosthesis was inserted through the femoral artery. Results: No complications were observed in the postoperative period, and after a follow up ranging from 4 to 40 months, no endoleaks or other complications have been detected. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of traumatic aortic lesions has good immediate and midterm results

Mertens M, Renato; Valdés E, Francisco; Krämer Sch, Albrecht; Bergoeing R, Michel; Zalaquett S, Ricardo; Baeza P, Cristián; Morán V, Sergio; Irarrázaval L, Manuel; Becker R, Pedro; Huete G, Alvaro; Vergara G, Jeannette; Valdebenito G, Magaly

2005-04-01

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Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: methods of radiological risk reduction.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: The management of abdominal aortic aneurysm with endovascular repair (EVAR) requires extended exposure to ionizing radiation, before, during and after the intervention. The aim of this study was to quantify the radiological risks to patients and operating team, and to develop strategies to assess and reduce them. METHODS: EVAR was carried out in 97 patients using either a low-power mobile or a high-power stationary fluoroscopic unit. Empirically determined relationships between the indicated dose area product (DAP) and peak skin dose, obtained by direct in vivo dosimetry in a subgroup of patients, were used to predict the peak skin dose. Individual worker monitoring was used to assess personnel radiological burden. RESULTS: The probability for radiation induced biological effects due to the repair itself and the preoperative and life-long surveillance, as carried out, was about 2.4 10-3. The peak skin dose of repairs was linearly correlated with the DAP and did not exceed 1.2 Gy. The collective effective dose of the staff that carried out repairs using the mobile unit was 5.5 and 8 ?Sv per repair using an angiographic and a surgical table, respectively. The use of the high-power fluoroscopic unit resulted in a many fold higher radiation burden to both patient and personnel. CONCLUSION: The optimum strategy, including equipment-related factors, procedure-conduct factors and follow-up procedures, has to be studied, justified and optimized in each medical facility.

Kalef-Ezra JA; Karavasilis S; Kouvelos G; Dristiliaris D; Michalis LK; Matsagkas M

2011-12-01

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Endovascular Exclusion of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Patients with Concomitant Abdominal Malignancy: Early Experience  

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To assess the outcomes of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) for the treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in patients undergoing curative surgical treatment for concomitant abdominal malignancy. The study included 12 patients with abdominal neoplasia and an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), which was treated by surgery and stent EVAR. The neoplasm consisted of the gastric, colorectal, pancreas, prostate, and gall bladder. The follow up period was 3-21 months (mean 11.8 months). All medical records and imaging analyses were reviewed by CTA and/or color Doppler US, retrospectively. Successful endoluminal repair was accomplished in all twelve patients. The mean interval time between EVAR and surgery was 58.6 days. Small amounts of type 2 endoleaks were detected in two patients (17%). One patient developed adult respiratory distress syndrome after Whipple's operation 20 days after surgery, which led to hopeless discharge. No procedure-related mortality, morbidity, or graft-related infection was noted. Exclusion of AAA in patients with accompanying malignancy show with a relatively low procedure morbidity and mortality. Hence, endoluminal AAA repair in patients with synchronous neoplasia may allow greater flexibility in the management of an offending malignancy

Choi, You Ri; Chang, Nam Kyu [Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Hyo Hyun; Oh, Hyun Jun; Kim, Jae Kyu; Choi, Soo Jin Na; Chung, Sang Young [Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Yim, Nam Yeol [Armed Forces Yangju Hospital, Yangju (Korea, Republic of)

2010-08-15

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Endovascular Exclusion of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Patients with Concomitant Abdominal Malignancy: Early Experience  

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To assess the outcomes of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) for the treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in patients undergoing curative surgical treatment for concomitant abdominal malignancy. The study included 12 patients with abdominal neoplasia and an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), which was treated by surgery and stent EVAR. The neoplasm consisted of the gastric, colorectal, pancreas, prostate, and gall bladder. The follow up period was 3-21 months (mean 11.8 months). All medical records and imaging analyses were reviewed by CTA and/or color Doppler US, retrospectively. Successful endoluminal repair was accomplished in all twelve patients. The mean interval time between EVAR and surgery was 58.6 days. Small amounts of type 2 endoleaks were detected in two patients (17%). One patient developed adult respiratory distress syndrome after Whipple's operation 20 days after surgery, which led to hopeless discharge. No procedure-related mortality, morbidity, or graft-related infection was noted. Exclusion of AAA in patients with accompanying malignancy show with a relatively low procedure morbidity and mortality. Hence, endoluminal AAA repair in patients with synchronous neoplasia may allow greater flexibility in the management of an offending malignancy

2010-01-01

54

Long-term safety and efficacy of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a safe and efficacious treatment for both unruptured and ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms. While perioperative mortality is lower with EVAR, long-term outcomes are similar between EVAR and open repair, including quality of life and cost-effectiveness. We review the long-term outcomes from the EUROSTAR registry, and DREAM, EVAR 1, and OVER trials.

Propper BW; Abularrage CJ

2013-01-01

55

Retroperitoneal haematoma causing gastric outflow obstruction following endovascular repair of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.  

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A 74-year-old man presented with back pain and collapse. A ruptured infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm was successfully managed by endovascular aneurysm repair. Postoperatively, he developed gastric outlet obstruction owing to duodenal compression from the unevacuated retroperitoneal haematoma. In the absence of abdominal compartment syndrome, conservative management with gastric decompression and parenteral nutrition led to a full recovery. PMID:23162028

Hunter, Benjamin; Tod, Laura; Ghosh, Jonathan

2012-11-15

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Retroperitoneal haematoma causing gastric outflow obstruction following endovascular repair of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A 74-year-old man presented with back pain and collapse. A ruptured infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm was successfully managed by endovascular aneurysm repair. Postoperatively, he developed gastric outlet obstruction owing to duodenal compression from the unevacuated retroperitoneal haematoma. In the absence of abdominal compartment syndrome, conservative management with gastric decompression and parenteral nutrition led to a full recovery.

Hunter B; Tod L; Ghosh J

2012-01-01

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Endovascular Repair of an Anastomotic Leak Following Open Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

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This report describes the case of an early postoperative anastomotic leak following elective open repair of an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm which was successfully treated by endovascular stent-grafting. A 71-year-old man underwent open tube graft repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Twelve days later he presented with a contained leak from the distal anastomosis, which was confirmed on CT scan. This was successfully treated with a bifurcated aortic stent-graft. This case illustrates the usefulness of the endovascular approach for resolving this rare surgical complication of open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and the challenges associated with the deployment of such a device within an aortic tube graft.

2007-01-01

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Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair under General Anesthesia Does Not Decrease Perioperative Myocardial Ischemic Events Compared with Open Repair  

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Objectives: Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a common procedure for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), based on minimal invasiveness compared with open surgical repair (OSR). However, general anesthesia can cause considerable perturbations in patients with AAA undergo...

Noriko Nanishi; Ken Yamaura; Katsuyuki Matsushita; Kozaburo Akiyoshi; Yuji Karashima; Midoriko Higashi; Sumio Hoka

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Tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal em paciente com insuficiência renal crônica Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm in a patient with chronic renal failure  

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Full Text Available A insuficiência renal crônica não-dialítica é uma contra-indicação relativa ao tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta abdominal. O uso de contrastes alternativos, como o gadolínio, além de fornecer imagens de baixa qualidade, está relacionado à nefrotoxicidade. Relatamos um caso de tratamento endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal guiado por eco-Doppler colorido. Um paciente masculino de 82 anos, com aneurisma da aorta abdominal de 55 mm de diâmetro e clearance de creatinina de 17 ml/min, recebeu implante de endoprótese aórtica modular bifurcada, utilizando este método de imagem associado à radioscopia. Não foi empregado contraste iodado. O resultado imediato e os controles de 1 e 6 meses revelam completa exclusão do aneurisma. A função renal permanece inalterada. Concluímos que o implante de endoprótese guiado por eco-Doppler colorido em pacientes com insuficiência renal crônica não terminal e com anatomia favorável é um método factível e seguro.Non-dialytic chronic renal failure is a contraindication related to the endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms. The use of alternative contrast agents, such as gadolinium, provides good-quality images and is associated with nephrotoxicity. We report a case of endovascular treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm guided by color-flow Doppler ultrasonography. An 82-year-old male patient, with abdominal aortic aneurysm (55 mm in diameter) and creatinine clearance of 17 ml/min, underwent implantation of modular bifurcated aortic stent-graft, using that imaging method associated with radioscopy. Iodinated contrast was not used. The immediate result and 1- and 6-month controls showed complete aneurysm exclusion. Renal function is still unaltered. We conclude that the stent-graft implantation guided by color-flow Doppler ultrasonography in patients with nonterminal chronic renal failure and with favorable anatomy is a feasible and safe method.

Cleoni Pedron; Ana Carla M. Palis; Arno von Ristow; Alberto Vescovi; Bernardo Massière; José Mussa Cury Filho; Marcus Gress; Antonio Luiz de Medina

2006-01-01

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Tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal em paciente com insuficiência renal crônica/ Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm in a patient with chronic renal failure  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A insuficiência renal crônica não-dialítica é uma contra-indicação relativa ao tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta abdominal. O uso de contrastes alternativos, como o gadolínio, além de fornecer imagens de baixa qualidade, está relacionado à nefrotoxicidade. Relatamos um caso de tratamento endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal guiado por eco-Doppler colorido. Um paciente masculino de 82 anos, com aneurisma da aorta abdominal de 55 mm de diâm (more) etro e clearance de creatinina de 17 ml/min, recebeu implante de endoprótese aórtica modular bifurcada, utilizando este método de imagem associado à radioscopia. Não foi empregado contraste iodado. O resultado imediato e os controles de 1 e 6 meses revelam completa exclusão do aneurisma. A função renal permanece inalterada. Concluímos que o implante de endoprótese guiado por eco-Doppler colorido em pacientes com insuficiência renal crônica não terminal e com anatomia favorável é um método factível e seguro. Abstract in english Non-dialytic chronic renal failure is a contraindication related to the endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms. The use of alternative contrast agents, such as gadolinium, provides good-quality images and is associated with nephrotoxicity. We report a case of endovascular treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm guided by color-flow Doppler ultrasonography. An 82-year-old male patient, with abdominal aortic aneurysm (55 mm in diameter) and creatinine cleara (more) nce of 17 ml/min, underwent implantation of modular bifurcated aortic stent-graft, using that imaging method associated with radioscopy. Iodinated contrast was not used. The immediate result and 1- and 6-month controls showed complete aneurysm exclusion. Renal function is still unaltered. We conclude that the stent-graft implantation guided by color-flow Doppler ultrasonography in patients with nonterminal chronic renal failure and with favorable anatomy is a feasible and safe method.

Pedron, Cleoni; Palis, Ana Carla M.; Ristow, Arno von; Vescovi, Alberto; Massière, Bernardo; Cury Filho, José Mussa; Gress, Marcus; Medina, Antonio Luiz de

2006-12-01

 
 
 
 
61

Epithelioid Angiosarcoma With Metastatic Disease After Endovascular Therapy of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

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Malignancies of the aortic wall represent a rare condition, and only a few reports have covered cases of sarcomas arising at the site of a prosthesis made of Dacron. A coincidence with endovascular repair has only been reported in one case to date. We report a patient with epithelioid angiosarcoma and metastatic disease, which was found in an aneurysmal sac after endovascular aortic repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm.

2012-01-01

62

Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in the Presence of a Kidney Transplant: Therapeutic Considerations  

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Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair in the presence of a kidney transplant can be extremely challenging, as it carries significant risks of renal ischemia. Endovascular repair is an attractive option, as it can be performed with little or no impairment of renal arterial flow. We describe the endovascular management of a recurrent AAA in a patient with a functioning renal transplant using a custom-made aorto-uni-iliac device. We discuss the planning and the potential problems of the technique.

2006-01-01

63

Fenestrated endovascular aortic repair for juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Endovascular stent-graft with fenestration can improve proximal sealing in patients with juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (JAAA). The purpose of this study was to describe our primary experience and evaluate the safety and efficacy of fenestrated device for JAAA in high-risk patients. METHODS: Between March 2011 and May 2012, nine male patients (mean age, (79.6 ± 8.6) years) with asymptomatic JAAAs underwent elective deployment of the Zenith fenestrated stent-grafts at a single institution. All patients were treated in the hybrid operating room under general anesthesia. Follow-up computed tomography angiography (CTA) was routinely performed before discharge, at 3, 6, and 12 months and annually thereafter. RESULTS: Procedural success was achieved in all cases. Total sixteen small fenestrations, two large fenestrations and eight scallops were used. Intra-operative complications occurred in four patients, which included one proximal type I endoleak, two type II endoleaks, and one renal artery dissection. The mean hospital stay was (8.9 ± 1.4) days, mean blood loss was (360.5 ± 46.8) ml, and mean iodinated contrast volume was (230.6 ± 58.3) ml. The mean follow-up time was (7.6 ± 4.2) months. The visceral graft patency was 100% until now. One patient had an increase of serum creatinine of more than 30%, but did not require dialysis. No patients died, no stent fractured, and migration were diagnosed during the follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The early results of fenestrated device for high-risk patients with complex JAAAs are satisfactory. However, long-term fenestrated graft durability and branch vessel patency remain to be determined.

Guo W; Zhang HP; Liu XP; Jia X; Xiong J; Ma XH

2013-02-01

64

Midterm results with endovascular approach to abdominal aortic pathologies in Behcet's disease.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Vascular involvement in Behcet's disease is rare, but may be at the forefront of the clinical picture with possible life-threatening scenarios. We reviewed our preliminary results with endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic pathologies in Behçet's disease. METHODS: Data regarding seven patients with abdominal aortic pathologies (aneurysm, pseudoaneurysm, and aortoenteric fistula) and Behçet's disease were treated with endovascular stent-grafting between 2002 and 2006. RESULTS: Seven patients (aged, 39.1 ± 9; range, 27-52 years) with a mean aortic diameter of 58.4 ± 6.3 mm received endovascular stent-grafts, two patients being in emergency settings. Two patients were in active disease state. Four tube-shaped, two aorto-bi-iliac, and one aorto-uni-iliac stents were implanted. One patient expired on day 28 with multiorgan failure after emergency stent-grafting owing to enlarging periprosthetic hematoma following open surgery for ruptured aneurysm. Another patient was declined for endovascular therapy owing to hypoplastic aortoiliac vasculature. CONCLUSION: Endovascular approach provides a reasonable alternative to open repair for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms in select cases; however, in emergency settings, endovascular repair may well have an important, but limited, role in select patients with aortoenteric fistulae, it may yet require a surgical intervention.

Goksel OS; Torlak Z; Ç?nar B; Sahin S; Karatepe C; Eren E

2012-02-01

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Recognition and treatment of outflow tract stenosis during and after endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

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Objective: To study the cognition and treatment of outflow tract stenosis in and after endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm. Methods: From Mar 1997 to Oct 2002, in 136 patients undergoing abdominal aortic aneurysm endovascular exclusion, 8 patients had outflow tract stenosis during the operation, and 3 patients had outflow tract stenosis after operation. The stenosis of 5 patients occurred at the crotch of the graft-stent. PTA was done in 7 patients and stents were placed in stenotic segment in 2 patients. 2 patients were treated with crossover operation. Results: Following up 1 month to 2 years, all patients have no lower limbs ischemia. Conclusions: The diagnosis of outflow tract stenosis during and after abdominal endovascular exclusion for aortic aneurysm must be in time. The treatment should be according to the different causes of stenosis

2003-01-01

66

The limitation of MRA reconstruction imaging evaluating intraluminal thrombus on endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Objective: To investigate the effect of pitfall MRA reconstruction imaging without intraluminal thrombus on endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm. Methods: Comparing the MRA reconstruction imaging with the MRA cross-section imaging, all of 22 patients underwent endovascular exclusion from Jan 2002 to Oct 2002 were included. Results: Intraluminal thrombus possessed the merit of clinical treatment, otherwise would mislead the evaluation of the procedure. Conclusions: It is important to use MRA reconstruction imaging evaluating abdominal aortic aneurysm combining MRA cross-section imaging

2003-01-01

67

Tratamiento endovascular del síndrome de vena cava superior/ Endovascular treatment of superior vena cava syndrome  

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Full Text Available Abstract in english Background: Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is caused by the obstruction of venous drainage from the upper portion of the body. Common clinical findings are headache and cervical, facial and upper limb edema. Occasionally, clouding of consciousness appears. Aim: to report our experience with endovascular treatment of SVCS. Material and methods: Retrospective review of all patients with SVCS subjected to endovascular treatment between 1999 and 2005. Results: Eight patie (more) nts were treated, all of them with malignancies. Six had a benign obstruction due to the presence of a chemotherapy catheter located in the superior vena cava, one had obstruction secondary to radiation therapy and one a tumor compression of the superior vena cava. Two patients underwent thrombolytic therapy. Angioplasty and stenting was performed in all patients. The chemotherapy catheter was removed to all patients and installed again in one. One patient had a hemothorax secondary to a simultaneous needle lung biopsy under video thoracoscopy. No patient died in relation to the procedure. Congestive signs and symptoms subsided in all patients within 24 hours after the procedure. During follow up, only one patient had symptoms related to vena cava obstruction and three died due to their malignant tumor. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of SVCS has a low rate of complications and provides immediate and mid-term symptom relief

Bergoeing R, Michel; Mertens M, Renato; Valdés E, Francisco; Krämer Sch, Albrecht; Alvarez Z, Manuel; Bertin C, Pablo; Sagüés C, Rodrigo; Orellana U, Eric; Galindo A, Héctor; Vergara G, Jeannette; Valdebenito C, Magaly

2006-07-01

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Tratamiento endovascular del síndrome de vena cava superior Endovascular treatment of superior vena cava syndrome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is caused by the obstruction of venous drainage from the upper portion of the body. Common clinical findings are headache and cervical, facial and upper limb edema. Occasionally, clouding of consciousness appears. Aim: to report our experience with endovascular treatment of SVCS. Material and methods: Retrospective review of all patients with SVCS subjected to endovascular treatment between 1999 and 2005. Results: Eight patients were treated, all of them with malignancies. Six had a benign obstruction due to the presence of a chemotherapy catheter located in the superior vena cava, one had obstruction secondary to radiation therapy and one a tumor compression of the superior vena cava. Two patients underwent thrombolytic therapy. Angioplasty and stenting was performed in all patients. The chemotherapy catheter was removed to all patients and installed again in one. One patient had a hemothorax secondary to a simultaneous needle lung biopsy under video thoracoscopy. No patient died in relation to the procedure. Congestive signs and symptoms subsided in all patients within 24 hours after the procedure. During follow up, only one patient had symptoms related to vena cava obstruction and three died due to their malignant tumor. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of SVCS has a low rate of complications and provides immediate and mid-term symptom relief

Michel Bergoeing R; Renato Mertens M; Francisco Valdés E; Albrecht Krämer Sch; Manuel Alvarez Z; Pablo Bertin C; Rodrigo Sagüés C; Eric Orellana U; Héctor Galindo A; Jeannette Vergara G; Magaly Valdebenito C

2006-01-01

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Abdominal compartment syndrome after endovascular repair of ruptured iliac artery aneurysm.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Abdominal compartment syndrome is a possible complication after aneurysm repair and has a high mortality rate. Although there has been an increment in patient survival rates after aneurysm repair, there has also been an increase in this entity. However, there are few data about the incidence and management of this complication after endovascular repair of a ruptured iliac artery aneurysm. The objective of this report is to describe a case of abdominal compartment syndrome after endovascular correction of a ruptured iliac artery aneurysm, emphasizing the importance of the accurate monitoring of intra-abdominal pressure, medical therapy and timely laparotomy. An 85-year old male was submitted to the endovascular repair of a ruptured iliac artery aneurysm. On the first day after the intervention, he developed abdominal compartment syndrome which did not resolve with medical therapy. Consequently, on the second postoperative day, a decompressive laparotomy was performed, removing the retroperitoneal haematoma, which was the main cause of the high intra-abdominal pressure and the abdominal compartment syndrome. At 12 months of follow-up, there was no evidence of complications. This case stresses the importance of early recognition of abdominal compartment syndrome.

Ferreira J; Canedo A; Barreto P; Vaz A

2012-06-01

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Tratamiento endovascular de urgencia con endoprótesis de aneurisma roto disecado de aorta torácica: A propósito de un caso Emergency endovascular treatment with endoprosthesis of ruptured dissected aneurysm of thoracic aorta: Report of one case  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Los aneurismas de aorta torácica son menos comunes que los aneurismas de aorta abdominal y pueden encontrarse en aorta ascendente, arco aórtico, aorta descendente o en una combinación de estos segmentos. De estos aneurismas el 30% al 40% se originan en la aorta torácica descendente. En los aneurismas de aorta torácica existe una debilidad estructural de la pared de la aorta, que conlleva una dilatación arterial progresiva con eventual ruptura o disección. Aproximadamente, 50% de los aneurismas de aorta torácica son ateroscleróticos y ocurren como resultado de remodelado arterial y dilatación o a raíz de un metabolismo anormal del colágeno. La mayoría de los aneurismas de aorta torácica se descubren por casualidad durante la evaluación de otros problemas médicos. La meta del tratamiento de los aneurismas de aorta torácica, es prevenir la muerte debido a su ruptura. El riesgo de ruptura de los no tratados oscila entre 46% a 74% y la tasa de mortalidad por su ruptura es extremadamente alta. Los aneurismas de gran tamaño, en especial aquellos mayores de 6 cm, son más susceptibles de rupturas que los aneurismas de menor tamaño. El tratamiento endovascular, inicialmente desarrollado para los aneurismas de aorta abdominal, se introdujo en 1992 como una alternativa menos invasiva al tratamiento de cirugía abierta para los aneurismas de la aorta torácica descendente. En la actualidad, el injerto de stent endovascular en la aorta descendente o endoprótesis, recibe mayor atención como alternativa al reparo quirúrgico de los aneurismas de aorta torácica.Thoracic aortic aneurysms are less common than abdominal aortic aneurysms and can be found in ascending aorta, aortic arch, descending aorta or in a combination of these segments. 30% to 40% of these aneurysms are originated in thoracic descending aorta. In thoracic aortic aneurysms there exists a structural wall weakness that leads to a progressive arterial dilation with eventual rupture or dissection. Approximately 50% of all thoracic aortic aneurysms are atherosclerotic and are the result of arterial restructure and dilation or are due to an abnormal collagen metabolism. Most thoracic aortic aneurysms are only found by chance during other medical problems evaluation. The goal of thoracic aortic aneurysms treatment is the prevention of death due to its rupture. Ruptured risk of untreated aneurysms oscillates between 46% and 74% and mortality rate due to its rupture is extremely high. Large aneurysms, especially when they are greater than 6 cm in diameter are more susceptible of ruptures than smaller aneurysms. Endovascular treatment, initially developed for abdominal aortic aneurysms, was introduced in 1992 as a less invasive alternative to open surgery treatment for descending thoracic aortic aneurysms. Endovascular stent or endoprosthesis is actually getting more attention as an alternative to surgical repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms.

José Lugo; Luis I Calderón; Germán Gómez; Pablo Castro; Edgar Hurtado; Gilberto Estrada; Jaime Fonseca; Sara Mendoza; Hernando Santos; Víctor Caicedo; Hernando Orjuela; Mauricio Abello

2007-01-01

71

Surgical or Endovascular Therapy of Abdominal Penetrating Aortic Ulcers and Their Natural History: A Systematic Review.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Little is known regarding the outcomes of endovascular and surgical treatment of penetrating ulcers in the abdominal aorta. The potential benefit of conservative management of asymptomatic disease is also debatable. A systematic review of the literature was undertaken to investigate these issues.

Georgiadis GS; Antoniou GA; Georgakarakos EI; Nikolopoulos ES; Papanas N; Trellopoulos G; Iatrou C; Papadopoulou MZ; Lazarides MK

2013-08-01

72

Aortoenteric fistula arising as a complication of endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Estimates of the incidence of aortoenteric fistula as a sequela of surgery of the aorta range 1-2%. This complication is less common in patients who have had an aortic endograft implanted for aortoiliac aneurysm. We present three cases of aortoenteric fistula complicating endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm (3/423 patients, 0.7% in our series).

Riera del Moral L; Fernández Alonso S; Stefanov Kiuri S; Fernández Caballero D; Fernández Heredero A; Gutiérrez Nistal M; Leblic Ramírez I; Mendieta Azcona C; Sáez Martín L; Riera de Cubas L

2009-03-01

73

MRI with MR Angiography in Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this study was to evaluate MRI with contrast enhanced MR angiography (MRI/CE MRA) as imaging method before and after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). A 1.5 T scanner was used for all examinations. In this prospective study 26 consecutive patients were included. Fol...

Engellau, Lena

74

Long-term outcome of open or endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

BACKGROUND: For patients with large abdominal aortic aneurysms, randomized trials have shown an initial overall survival benefit for elective endovascular repair over conventional open repair. This survival difference, however, was no longer significant in the second year after the procedure. Inform...

Bruin, J.L. de; Baas, A.F.; Buth, J.; Prinssen, M.; Verhoeven, E.L.G.; Cuypers, P.M.W.; Sambeek, M.R.H.M. van; Balm, R.

75

Logistic considerations for a successful institutional approach to the endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The value of emergency endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in the setting of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm remains controversial owing to differing results. However, interpretation of published results remains difficult as there is a lack of generally accepted protocols or standard operating pr...

Mayer, D; Rancic, Z; Pfammatter, T; Hechelhammer, L; Veith, FJ; Donas, K; Lachat, M

76

Use of dexmedetomidine versus general anesthesia for endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

While abdominal aortic aneurysms have traditionally been treated with a major open surgical procedure, minimally invasive endovascular techniques are much less traumatic, with significantly less strain on the heart and vital organs. A sedation technique using dexmedetomidine, an alpha 2-adrenorecept...

Brown, Bertrand J.; Zakhary, Sammy; Rogers, Lindsay; Ellis-Stoll, Cynthia; Gable, Dennis; Ramsay, Michael A. E.

77

MRI follow-up of abdominal aortic aneurysms after endovascular repair  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Aneurysm size changes form the basis of the follow-up after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, because aneurysm growth increases rupture risk. Aneurysm growth can be caused by endoleak (leakage of blood in the aneurysm sac). Therefore, accurate endoleak detection is important in growing ...

Cornelissen, S.A.P.

78

Quality of life survey after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in octogenarians  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

AIM: The aim of this study was to assess health-related quality of life (HRQOL) after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair in octogenarians compared to younger patients. In addition, a possible association between HRQOL, duration of hospitalisation and preoperative serum C-reactive pr...

Kurz, M; Meier, T; Pfammatter, T; Amann-Vesti, B R

79

Intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome in association with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm in the endovascular era: vigilance remains critical.  

Science.gov (United States)

Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are common complications of ruptured abdominal aortoiliac aneurysms (rAAAs) and other abdominal vascular catastrophes even in the age of endovascular therapy. Morbidity and mortality due to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and multiple organ failure (MOF) are significant. Recognition and management of IAH are key critical care measures which may decrease morbidity and improve survival in these vascular patients. Two strategies have been utilized: expectant management with prompt decompressive laparotomy upon diagnosis of threshold levels of IAH versus prophylactic, delayed abdominal closure based upon clinical parameters at the time of initial repair. Competent management of the abdominal wound with preservation of abdominal domain is also an important component of the care of these patients. In this review, we describe published experience with IAH and ACS complicating abdominal vascular catastrophes, experience with ACS complicating endovascular repair of rAAAs, and techniques for management of the abdominal wound. Vigilance and appropriate management of IAH and ACS remains critically important in decreasing morbidity and optimizing survival following catastrophic intra-abdominal vascular events. PMID:22454763

Bozeman, Matthew C; Ross, Charles B

2012-02-21

80

Intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome in association with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm in the endovascular era: vigilance remains critical.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are common complications of ruptured abdominal aortoiliac aneurysms (rAAAs) and other abdominal vascular catastrophes even in the age of endovascular therapy. Morbidity and mortality due to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and multiple organ failure (MOF) are significant. Recognition and management of IAH are key critical care measures which may decrease morbidity and improve survival in these vascular patients. Two strategies have been utilized: expectant management with prompt decompressive laparotomy upon diagnosis of threshold levels of IAH versus prophylactic, delayed abdominal closure based upon clinical parameters at the time of initial repair. Competent management of the abdominal wound with preservation of abdominal domain is also an important component of the care of these patients. In this review, we describe published experience with IAH and ACS complicating abdominal vascular catastrophes, experience with ACS complicating endovascular repair of rAAAs, and techniques for management of the abdominal wound. Vigilance and appropriate management of IAH and ACS remains critically important in decreasing morbidity and optimizing survival following catastrophic intra-abdominal vascular events.

Bozeman MC; Ross CB

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
81

Tratamiento endovascular del aneurisma de aorta torácica descendente/ Endovascular treatment of descending thoracic aorta aneurysms  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Background: The natural history of aneurysms ends in rupture and death. In 1990 the first endovascular exclusion of an aneurysm, using an endoluminal graft implanted through the femoral arteries was performed. More recently, the same procedure has been used for aneurysms of the thoracic aorta. Aim: To report our experience with endovascular treatment of thoracic aorta aneurysms. Material and methods: Analysis of 14 patients (nine male), aged 30 to 79 years, treated betwee (more) n May 2001 and August 2002. Results: The mean diameter of the aneurysms was 6.9 cm. The etiology was atherosclerotic in nine patients. The Excluder device (Goreâ) was preferentially used. There was no operative mortality or paraplegia. One patient had a transient leg monoparesis that reverted completely. No patient had type I endoleaks. Two patients had type II endoleaks on discharge, that sealed spontaneously. In a follow up, ranging from 2 to 17 months, one patient died of a bronchopneumonia and no aneurysm rupture has been detected. Conclusions: The short term results of endoluminal treatment of thoracic aorta aneurysms are excellent. This treatment is less invasive and has less complications than conventional surgery (Rev Méd Chile 2003; 131: 617-22)

Mertens M, Renato; Valdés E, Francisco; Krämer Sch, Albrecht; Mariné M, Leopoldo; Irarrázaval L, Manuel; Morán V, Sergio; Zalaquet S, Ricardo; Schwartz Y, Eitan; Vergara G, Jeannette; Valdebenito G, Magaly

2003-06-01

82

Manejo actual de la estenosis de carótida: Tratamiento endovascular comparado con endarterectomía Current management of carotid stenosis: Endovascular treatment versus endarterectomy  

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Full Text Available En estenosis carotidea, la única manera de prevenir nuevos eventos cerebrovasculares era mediante antiagregación. Después de los estudios NASCET y ECST se estableció que la endarterectomía conseguía mejores resultados. Ahora se ha establecido la terapia endovascular como alternativa. Nuestro objetivo es mostrar la evolución de la terapia endovascular en estenosis carotidea, contrastar los resultados entre tratamiento endovascular, médico y quirúrgico y exponer la situación actual de la terapia endovascular. Algunos estudios se realizaron hace décadas y tanto la técnica endovascular como los tratamientos médicos, no son comparables con los de hoy. Varios estudios coinciden en que el stenting beneficia a menores de 70 años y presenta al menos iguales resultados que la endarterectomía a corto plazo, con mayor tasa de reestenosis a largo plazo. Quedan por resolver la indicación de tratamiento en pacientes asintomáticos o la utilización de sistemas de protección. El tratamiento debe ser individualizado en un equipo multidisciplinar.Antiplatelet therapy used to be the only way to prevent further cerebrovascular events in patients with carotid stenosis. After publication of final results of the European Carotid Surgery Trial (ECST) and North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET), endarterectomy was considered the best treatment option. Currently, endovascular treatment of atherosclerotic carotid artery stenosis has been established as an alternative to surgical endarterectomy. Our aim is to show the evolution of endovascular therapy in carotid stenosis, to compare outcomes between endovascular, medical and surgical treatments, and to analize the current state of endovascular therapy. It is worth underscoring that many of the studies were conducted decades ago and consequently both the endovascular technique and medical treatments used then greatly differ from current practices. Several studies agree stenting benefits patients under 70 years of age and exhibits, at least, same short-term results as endarterectomy, along with higher rate of long-term restenosis. Indication for treatment in asymptomatic patients and the use of protection systems remain an unresolved issue. A multidisciplinary team should implement an individualized treatment plan for each patient.

Elvira Jiménez G; Rafael Oteros F; Fernando Delgado A; Antonio Cano S

2012-01-01

83

Long-term comparison of endovascular and open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Whether elective endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm reduces long-term morbidity and mortality, as compared with traditional open repair, remains uncertain. METHODS: We randomly assigned 881 patients with asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysms who were candidates for both procedures to either endovascular repair (444) or open repair (437) and followed them for up to 9 years (mean, 5.2). Patients were selected from 42 Veterans Affairs medical centers and were 49 years of age or older at the time of registration. RESULTS: More than 95% of the patients underwent the assigned repair. For the primary outcome of all-cause mortality, 146 deaths occurred in each group (hazard ratio with endovascular repair versus open repair, 0.97; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.77 to 1.22; P=0.81). The previously reported reduction in perioperative mortality with endovascular repair was sustained at 2 years (hazard ratio, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.40 to 0.98; P=0.04) and at 3 years (hazard ratio, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.51 to 1.00; P=0.05) but not thereafter. There were 10 aneurysm-related deaths in the endovascular-repair group (2.3%) versus 16 in the open-repair group (3.7%) (P=0.22). Six aneurysm ruptures were confirmed in the endovascular-repair group versus none in the open-repair group (P=0.03). A significant interaction was observed between age and type of treatment (P=0.006); survival was increased among patients under 70 years of age in the endovascular-repair group but tended to be better among those 70 years of age or older in the open-repair group. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular repair and open repair resulted in similar long-term survival. The perioperative survival advantage with endovascular repair was sustained for several years, but rupture after repair remained a concern. Endovascular repair led to increased long-term survival among younger patients but not among older patients, for whom a greater benefit from the endovascular approach had been expected. (Funded by the Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Research and Development; OVER ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00094575.).

Lederle FA; Freischlag JA; Kyriakides TC; Matsumura JS; Padberg FT Jr; Kohler TR; Kougias P; Jean-Claude JM; Cikrit DF; Swanson KM

2012-11-01

84

Endovascular stent-grafts for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Aims: This guidance refers to the use of endovascular stent-grafts or open surgical repair only for the treatment of infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysms. This guidance should be read in conjunction with 'Stent-graft placement in abdominal aortic aneurysm', NICE Interventional Procedure Guidance 163 - Recommendations: Endovascular stent-grafts are recommended as a possible treatment for people with abdominal aortic aneurysms if: * the aneurysm is below their kidney and has not burst. *surgery is appropriate. * the person and their specialist have discussed the risks and benefits of this and other procedures and decided that endovascular stent-grafts are appropriate. *Endovascular stent-grafts are not recommended for people whose abdominal aortic aneurysm has burst except in the context of research. Intended audience: Cardiovascular Surgeons. Methodology and development: Section 4 'Evidence and interpretation' addresses the evidence of the clinical and cost effectiveness of endovascular stent-grafts for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms, and considers the findings of the evidence review group. (see also Appendix B of the guidance which outlines the sources of evidence considered by the committee). Implications for practice: The implementation of this health guidance will help organisations to meet core and developmental standards set by the Department of Health in 'Standards for better health', issued in July 2004. Core standard C5 states that healthcare organisations should ensure they conform to NICE technology appraisals, and that the NHS provides funding and resources for medicines and treatments that have been recommended by NICE technology appraisals normally within 3 months from the date that NICE publishes the guidance. Publication history information: Published 25 February 2009. A provisional review date set for this guideline is January 2012. NICE Technology Appraisal Guidance 167. Access: Available to the general public.

85

Perioperative nursing for patients receiving endovascular therapy for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To discuss the nursing strategy and practical measures for patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm during the perioperative period of endovascular intervention. Methods: Endovascular therapy was carried out in 34 patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm,who were encountered in our department during the period of July 1997 to September 2008. The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed and the nursing points were summarized. Results: The average hospitalization days of the 34 patients were (14 ± 5) days, the mortality rate within 30 days was 23.5% (8/34). No nursing-related complications occurred. Conclusion: A comprehensive understanding of the mechanism, development and clinical evolution of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm is very important for nursing care. For nursing staff, well mastering the relevant nursing technique, carefully guarding against any nursing errors and lessening patient's suffering as far as possible, all these are the task of primary importance. (authors)

2010-01-01

86

Logistic considerations for a successful institutional approach to the endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms.  

Science.gov (United States)

The value of emergency endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in the setting of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm remains controversial owing to differing results. However, interpretation of published results remains difficult as there is a lack of generally accepted protocols or standard operating procedures. Furthermore, such protocols and standard operating procedures often are reported incompletely or not at all, thereby making interpretation of results difficult. We herein report our integrated logistic system for the endovascular treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms. Important components of this system are prehospital logistics, in-hospital treatment logistics, and aftercare. Further studies should include details about all of these components, and a description of these logistic components must be included in all future studies of emergency EVAR for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms. PMID:20338129

Mayer, Dieter; Rancic, Zoran; Pfammatter, Thomas; Hechelhammer, Lukas; Veith, Frank J; Donas, Konstantin; Lachat, Mario

87

Infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Endovascular repair with stent grafts; Infrarenales Bauchaortenaneurysma. Endovaskulaere Stent-Graft-Therapie  

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As an alternative to surgery, endovascular therapy with stent grafts has become the second main treatment option for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. Unlike surgery, endovascular treatment with stent grafts is also applicable in patients unfit for open repair. Despite current improvements in endovascular repair devices, significant anatomic barriers still exclude this technique for a large number of patients. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound are essential for diagnostics, preintervention planning, and postintervention follow-up of abdominal aneurysms treated with stent grafts. This review covers etiology, pathology, and diagnostic aspects. Materials and methods for endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms are presented in detail, and clinical results and complications are discussed. (orig.) [German] Die endovaskulaere Therapie des infrarenalen Bauchaortenaneurysmas hat sich als Alternative zur offenen chirurgischen Versorgung etabliert. Im Gegensatz zu Letzterer ist die Aneurysmatherapie mittels Stent-Grafts auch bei schwerkranken, nicht operationsfaehigen Patienten moeglich, wobei der Nutzen kontrovers diskutiert wird. Im Gegensatz zur klassischen transabdominellen Operation ist die Stent-Graft-Technik anatomischen Einschraenkungen unterworfen, die aber kuenftig aufgrund bereits abzusehender technischer Weiterentwicklungen eine geringere Rolle spielen werden. Die Diagnostik, die Entscheidung fuer eine endovaskulaere Therapie, die praeinterventionelle Planung und die Nachsorge erfordern den Einsatz bildgebender Verfahren, v. a. der Computer- und Magnetresonanztomographie sowie der Sonographie. Die fuer die endovaskulaere Aneurysmabehandlung relevanten Aspekte der Diagnostik werden dargestellt. Auf die Technik, die Materialien, die Ergebnisse und die Komplikationen der Stent-Graft-Behandlung wird ausfuehrlich eingegangen. (orig.)

Wagner, M.; Voshage, G.; Landwehr, P. [Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie, Gefaesszentrum Hannover, Diakoniekrankenhaus Henriettenstiftung gGmbH, Hannover (Germany); Busch, T. [Klinik fuer Gefaesschirurgie, Gefaesszentrum Hannover, Diakoniekrankenhaus Henriettenstiftung gGmbH, Hannover (Germany)

2008-09-15

88

Type B aortic dissection after standard endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Dissection of the aorta is a rare yet potentially serious complication following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR). These can lead to visceral branch hypoperfusion, compromise of aneurysm exclusion, arterial dilation or rupture. Intimal injury and dissection in the context of EVAR may be associated with a number of risk factors that include adverse infrarenal neck morphology, device oversizing, barbed fixation and wire manipulation in the proximal aorta. Herein, we describe three cases of type B aortic dissection following EVAR and discuss possible causes. As the applicability of endovascular technology widens, clinicians are reminded of the importance of early recognition and detection of unusual sequelae following EVAR.

Khanbhai M; Ghosh J; Ashleigh R; Baguneid M

2013-01-01

89

Successful Endovascular Repair of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Renal Transplant Recipient  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A renal transplant recipient presented in the early post-transplantation period with rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The high mortality rate of the surgical repair of ruptured aneurysm in addition to the concern of preserving the renal graft prompted us to seek alternative approaches, such as repairing the aneurysm by means of endovascular techniques. The ruptured aneurysm was confirmed by performing computed tomography and digital angiography and thereafter was successfully repaired by endovascular stenting technique (Talent stent-graft), which seems to be a safe and effective method of preserving a renal graft.

2006-01-01

90

Tratamento endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal em paciente com rim em ferradura: relato de caso Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm in patient with horseshoe kidney: a case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O rim em ferradura é uma das anomalias urológicas congênitas mais comuns e está presente em cerca de 0,12% dos pacientes com aneurisma de aorta abdominal. O reparo cirúrgico convencional está associado a dificuldades técnicas que provavelmente aumentam a morbidade e a mortalidade, mas que podem ser evitadas com o tratamento endovascular. Relatamos um caso de um paciente de 64 anos com rim em ferradura e aneurisma de aorta abdominal, que foi submetido ao reparo endovascular do aneurisma com sucesso.The horseshoe kidney is one of the most common urologic anomalies and is present in about 0,12% of the patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm. The conventional surgical repair is associated with technical difficulties that probably increase morbidity and mortality, but can be averted by the endovascular treatment. We report a case of a 64-year-old patient with horseshoe kidney and abdominal aortic aneurysm, who underwent endovascular repair with success.

José Manoel da Silva Silvestre; Gustavo Teixeira Fulton Schimit; Wander Eduardo Sardinha; Guilherme da Silva Silvestre; Guilon Otávio Santos Tenório; Fernando Barbosa Trevisan

2013-01-01

91

Correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal em paciente com rim em ferradura: relato de caso Endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in patient with horseshoe kidney: a case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O rim em ferradura é uma anomalia congênita rara que pode causar várias dificuldades técnicas durante a correção convencional de aneurisma de aorta abdominal. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 68 anos com rim em ferradura, aneurisma de aorta abdominal sintomático e disfunção renal leve. A paciente foi submetida a correção endovascular, sendo utilizada uma endoprótese bifurcada. O pós-operatório foi livre de complicações. O diagnóstico e a técnica endovascular são discutidos, assim como a literatura revisada.Horseshoe kidney is a rare congenital anomaly that may cause various technical problems during conventional repairs of abdominal aortic aneurysms. We report the case of a 68-year-old woman with a horseshoe kidney, symptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm and mild renal failure. The patient underwent endovascular repair using a bifurcated endoprosthesis. The postoperative was uneventful. We describe the diagnosis and the endovascular technique and literature review.

Eduardo Keller Saadi; Luiz Henrique Dussin; Leandro de Moura; Alcides José Zago

2008-01-01

92

Correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal em paciente com rim em ferradura: relato de caso/ Endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in patient with horseshoe kidney: a case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O rim em ferradura é uma anomalia congênita rara que pode causar várias dificuldades técnicas durante a correção convencional de aneurisma de aorta abdominal. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 68 anos com rim em ferradura, aneurisma de aorta abdominal sintomático e disfunção renal leve. A paciente foi submetida a correção endovascular, sendo utilizada uma endoprótese bifurcada. O pós-operatório foi livre de complicações. O diagnóstico e a técnica endovascular são discutidos, assim como a literatura revisada. Abstract in english Horseshoe kidney is a rare congenital anomaly that may cause various technical problems during conventional repairs of abdominal aortic aneurysms. We report the case of a 68-year-old woman with a horseshoe kidney, symptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm and mild renal failure. The patient underwent endovascular repair using a bifurcated endoprosthesis. The postoperative was uneventful. We describe the diagnosis and the endovascular technique and literature review.

Saadi, Eduardo Keller; Dussin, Luiz Henrique; Moura, Leandro de; Zago, Alcides José

2008-09-01

93

Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic para-anastomotic pseudoaneurysm/ Correcao endovascular do pseudoaneurisma para-anastomotico de aorta abdominal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Os aneurismas para-anastomóticos de aorta podem ser verdadeiros ou pseudoaneurismas. Estes últimos tendem a ser assintomáticos até a ruptura. Devem ser tratados cirurgicamente, apesar da alta morbimortalidade em sua abordagem. Este relato descreve o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, 68 anos, com quadro de pseudoaneurisma para-anastomótico pós-aneurismectomia de aorta infrarrenal. Optou-se por correção endovascular, com bons res (more) ultados. As técnicas endovasculares vêm se estabelecendo como o método de escolha no tratamento dos pseudoaneurismas anastomóticos. Abstract in english Para-anastomotic aneurysms are either true aneurysms or pseudoaneurysms. The latter tend to be asymptomatic until rupture. Para-anastomotic aneurysms should be approached surgically, despite the high morbidity and mortality associated with their treatment. This report describes the case of a 68-year-old woman who presented with a para-anastomotic pseudoaneurysm secondary to infrarenal aortic aneurysmectomy. We chose to use an endovascular approach, and results were good. (more) Endovascular techniques are increasingly becoming the method of choice in the treatment of anastomotic pseudoaneurysms.

Bez, Leonardo Ghizoni; Botelho, Francesco Evangelista; Maciel, Julio Cesar Arantes; Cardinelli, Danilo Martins

2013-06-01

94

Comparison of Endovascular and Open Surgical Repairs for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment Number 144.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objectives of the report are to evaluate treatment options for nonruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA); the relationship of hospital and physician volume to outcomes for endovascular repair (EVAR); affect of patient and AAA factors on outcomes; c...

F. A. Lederle R. MacDonald T. J. Wilt T. S. Rector Y. C. Jonk

2006-01-01

95

Correção endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal: análise dos resultados de único centro/ Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: a single-center results analysis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados clínicos imediatos e em médio prazo do tratamento endovascular em pacientes portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal em um centro de referência para doenças cardiovasculares. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de uma série de pacientes submetidos a tratamento endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal, no período de janeiro de 2009 a julho de 2010. Foram avaliados as características demográficas, o sucesso técnico, o su (more) cesso terapêutico, a morbimortalidade, as complicações e a taxa de reintervenções perioperatórias imediatos, e após um ano de acompanhamento. RESULTADOS: Foram analisados 102 pacientes consecutivos com idade média de 72 ± 9 anos, sendo 79% deles do sexo masculino. Houve sucesso técnico em 97,1% e êxito terapêutico em 81% dos casos. A mortalidade perioperatória foi de 0,9% e a anual, de 7,8%. Foram necessárias reintervenções em 18,8% dos pacientes durante o seguimento. CONCLUSÃO: Em nosso estudo, os resultados obtidos justificam a realização desse procedimento nos pacientes com anatomia adequada. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate immediate and mid-term outcomes in a series of patients submitted to endovascular repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in a reference center for cardiovascular medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present retrospective study included a series of patients treated in the period from January 2009 to July 2010, and evaluated demographic characteristics, technical success, therapeutic success, morbimortality, immediate complications and periope (more) rative reintervention rate in a one-year follow-up. RESULTS: The authors evaluated 102 consecutive patients with a mean age of 72 ± 9 years (79% were men). Technical success was observed in 97.1% of cases, and therapeutic success, in 81%. Perioperative mortality was 0.9% and one-year mortality rate was 7.8%. Reintervention was necessary in 18.8% of the patients during follow-up. CONCLUSION: The outcomes observed in the present study justify performing such a procedure in patients with suitable anatomy.

Novero, Eduardo Rafael; Metzger, Patrick Bastos; Angelieri, Fernanda Maria Resegue; Colli, Marcelo Bueno de Oliveira; Moreira, Samuel Martins; Izukawa, Nilo Mitsuru; Rossi, Fabio Henrique; Kambara, Antonio Massamitsu

2012-02-01

96

Extensive spinal cord ischemia following endovascular repair of an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm: a rare complication.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Postoperative paraplegia secondary to spinal cord ischemia (SCI) is an extremely rare and devastating complication of endovascular repair in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery. The reported incidence is only 0.21 % worldwide. This case of postoperative paraplegia occurred in a 60-year-old man immediately following endovascular repair of an infrarenal AAA. Postoperative magnetic resonance imaging showed multiple foci of SCI involvement from C5 to L1. However, neither cerebral spinal fluid drainage nor steroid therapy was effective; he was eventually admitted with no improvement in his neurological status. The mechanism remains multifactorial until now and needs more attention in perioperative management. We report the first case involved in the most significantly extensive SCI after endovascular repair of an infrarenal AAA.

Ke CC; Feng YP; Chang CC; Hung CJ

2013-05-01

97

Medicações referentes às complicações após correção de aneurisma da aorta abdominal endovascular/ Medication in relation to complications after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Este estudo observacional foi desenvolvido para pesquisar a influência dos medicamentos na ocorrência de complicações após correção endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal. MÉTODO: Foram analisados retrospectivamente os dados clínicos referentes a 70 pacientes consecutivos submetidos à correção endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal em dois centros cirúrgicos vasculares num período de 3 anos. As complicações eram classificadas de acor (more) do com as recomendações do Comitê Designado de Padrões de Tratamento. Foi feita uma distinção entre complicações relacionadas ou não ao stent. Uma análise de regressão foi usada para avaliar a associação entre 12 grupos de medicamentos diferentes e o resultado da correção endovascular. RESULTADOS: Durante um acompanhamento de 70 pacientes-anos, foram relatadas 14 complicações leves (20%), 23 moderadas (33%) e sete graves (10%). Trinta pacientes (43%) que usaram cumarínicos tiveram significantemente menos complicações não relacionadas ao stent (OR. 0,21; 95% CI 0,05-0,90) comparados com os não usuários. Vinte pacientes (29%), tomando medicamentos antieméticos durante internação, mostraram quatro vezes mais complicações relacionadas ao stent (OR. 4,37; 95% CI 1,10-17,3) e o uso de analgésicos no hospital em 25 pacientes foi associado com mais complicações relacionadas ao stent (OR. 3,81; 95% CI 1,32-11,0). CONCLUSÃO: Medicações parecem estar associados com a ocorrência de complicações após terapia endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal. Pacientes que usaram cumarínicos tiveram menos complicações não relacionadas ao stent. Pacientes que usaram agentes antieméticos durante internação mostraram um número quatro vezes maior de complicações não relacionadas ao stent. Pacientes usando analgésicos durante a internação eram associados com maiores complicações relacionadas ao stent. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This observational study was undertaken to explore the influence of medication on the occurrence of complications following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: Clinical data concerning 70 consecutive patients undergoing elective EVAR in two vascular surgical centres over a 3 year period were analysed retrospectively. Complications were graded according to the recommendations of the Ad Hoc Committee on Reporting Standards. A distinction w (more) as made between device-related and non-related complications. An adjusted regression analysis was used to assess the association between 12 different medication groups and EVAR outcome. RESULTS: During 70 person years of follow-up 14 mild (20%), 23 moderate (33%) and 7 severe (10%) complications were recorded. Thirty patients (43%) who used coumarin derivates showed significantly less non-device-related complications (OR 0.21; 95%CI 0.05-0.90) compared to non-users. Twenty patients (29%) on anti-emetic drugs during hospital stay showed a fourfold more non-device-related complications (OR 4.37; 95%CI 1.10-17.3) and in-hospital use of analgesics in 25 patients was associated with more device-related complications (OR 3.81; 95%CI 1.32-11.0). CONCLUSION: Medication seems to be associated with the occurrence of complications following endovascular therapy of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Patients who used coumarin-derivatives experienced fewer non-device-related complications. Patients who used anti-emetic drugs during hospital-stay showed a fourfold number of non-device-related complications. Patients using analgesics during hospital stay were associated with significantly more device-related complications

Koning, Giel G.; Hobo, Roel; Laheij, Robert J. F.; Buth, Jacob; Van Der Vliet, J. Adam

2006-06-01

98

Medicações referentes às complicações após correção de aneurisma da aorta abdominal endovascular Medication in relation to complications after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Este estudo observacional foi desenvolvido para pesquisar a influência dos medicamentos na ocorrência de complicações após correção endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal. MÉTODO: Foram analisados retrospectivamente os dados clínicos referentes a 70 pacientes consecutivos submetidos à correção endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal em dois centros cirúrgicos vasculares num período de 3 anos. As complicações eram classificadas de acordo com as recomendações do Comitê Designado de Padrões de Tratamento. Foi feita uma distinção entre complicações relacionadas ou não ao stent. Uma análise de regressão foi usada para avaliar a associação entre 12 grupos de medicamentos diferentes e o resultado da correção endovascular. RESULTADOS: Durante um acompanhamento de 70 pacientes-anos, foram relatadas 14 complicações leves (20%), 23 moderadas (33%) e sete graves (10%). Trinta pacientes (43%) que usaram cumarínicos tiveram significantemente menos complicações não relacionadas ao stent (OR. 0,21; 95% CI 0,05-0,90) comparados com os não usuários. Vinte pacientes (29%), tomando medicamentos antieméticos durante internação, mostraram quatro vezes mais complicações relacionadas ao stent (OR. 4,37; 95% CI 1,10-17,3) e o uso de analgésicos no hospital em 25 pacientes foi associado com mais complicações relacionadas ao stent (OR. 3,81; 95% CI 1,32-11,0). CONCLUSÃO: Medicações parecem estar associados com a ocorrência de complicações após terapia endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal. Pacientes que usaram cumarínicos tiveram menos complicações não relacionadas ao stent. Pacientes que usaram agentes antieméticos durante internação mostraram um número quatro vezes maior de complicações não relacionadas ao stent. Pacientes usando analgésicos durante a internação eram associados com maiores complicações relacionadas ao stent.OBJECTIVE: This observational study was undertaken to explore the influence of medication on the occurrence of complications following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: Clinical data concerning 70 consecutive patients undergoing elective EVAR in two vascular surgical centres over a 3 year period were analysed retrospectively. Complications were graded according to the recommendations of the Ad Hoc Committee on Reporting Standards. A distinction was made between device-related and non-related complications. An adjusted regression analysis was used to assess the association between 12 different medication groups and EVAR outcome. RESULTS: During 70 person years of follow-up 14 mild (20%), 23 moderate (33%) and 7 severe (10%) complications were recorded. Thirty patients (43%) who used coumarin derivates showed significantly less non-device-related complications (OR 0.21; 95%CI 0.05-0.90) compared to non-users. Twenty patients (29%) on anti-emetic drugs during hospital stay showed a fourfold more non-device-related complications (OR 4.37; 95%CI 1.10-17.3) and in-hospital use of analgesics in 25 patients was associated with more device-related complications (OR 3.81; 95%CI 1.32-11.0). CONCLUSION: Medication seems to be associated with the occurrence of complications following endovascular therapy of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Patients who used coumarin-derivatives experienced fewer non-device-related complications. Patients who used anti-emetic drugs during hospital-stay showed a fourfold number of non-device-related complications. Patients using analgesics during hospital stay were associated with significantly more device-related complications

Giel G. Koning; Roel Hobo; Robert J. F. Laheij; Jacob Buth; J. Adam Van Der Vliet

2006-01-01

99

Endovascular exclusion for the coexistent lesions of abdominal aortic aneurysm, false-aneurysm and dissection  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of endovascular exclusion for complex abdominal aortic aneurysms. Methods: One case with coexistent lesions of abdominal aortic aneurysm, false-aneurysm and dissection received stent-graft exclusion. The bilateral common femoral arteries were dissected, and the humoral artery was punctured to insert the guidewire. The guidewire stretching technique was applied, and the modular stent-graft was deployed to exclude all the aneurysms and dissection simultaneously. Results: The technique of exclusion achieved a thorough success, and all the three aneurysms were excluded simultaneously with no need of additional extension. No complications such as endoleak, migration, occurred. The lumen of revascularization was patent. Conclusion: Based on the case, the indication of the endovascular exclusion can be further expended

2003-01-01

100

Hybrid endografts combinations for the treatment ?of endoleak in endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Hybrid endografting in endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is defined as the process of placing a series of two or more different types of covered stents, usually to treat a complex abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) or a primary or secondary endoleak. We describe the treatment of a type III, a type Ib, and a type Ia endoleak in three patients respectively, using hybrid solutions, assembling components from different manufacturers. An update of the current clinical and experimental evidence on the application of anatomically compatible, hybrid endograft systems in conventional EVAR is also provided.

Georgiadis GS; Trellopoulos G; Antoniou GA; Georgakarakos EI; Nikolopoulos ES; Iatrou C; Lazarides MK

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Infection of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm stent graft after urosepsis: case report and review of the literature.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Infection of endovascular abdominal aneurysm stent grafts is an uncommon but known complication. Inoculation with bacteria of the endovascular abdominal aneurysm stent graft during the actual implantation, in the periprocedural hospitalization or later due to an aortoenteric fistula, has been described in the literature. We report a case of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm stent graft infection occurring 40 months after implantation in a patient doing well up to an episode of urosepsis. In conclusion, we postulate that poor intraluminal healing of stent grafts, as observed in several explant studies, may result in a higher susceptibility to episodes of bacteremia than prosthetic vascular grafts inserted during open repair. We therefore consider the administration of prophylactic antibiotics in patients with endovascular stent grafts during periods with a likelihood of bacteremia.

Veger HT; Hedeman Joosten PP; Thoma SR; Visser MJ

2013-02-01

102

Tuberculous aneurysm of the abdominal aorta: endovascular repair using stent grafts in two cases  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Tuberculous aneurysm of the aorta is exceedingly rare. To date, the standard therapy for mycotic aneurysm of the abdominal aorta has been surgery involving in-situ graft placement or extra-anatomic bypass surgery followed by effective anti-tuberculous medication. Only recently has the use of a stent graft in the treatment of tuberculous aortic aneurysm been described in the literature. We report two cases in which a tuberculous aneurysm of the abdominal aorta was successfully repaired using endovascular stent grafts. One case involved is a 42-year-old woman with a large suprarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm and a right psoas abscess, and the other, a 41-year-old man in whom an abdominal aortic aneurysm ruptured during surgical drainage of a psoas abscess. (author)

Liu, Wei Chiang; Kwak, Byung Kook; Kim, Kyo Nam [Sung Ae General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); And Others

2000-12-01

103

Tissue plasminogen activator-assisted hematoma evacuation to relieve abdominal compartment syndrome after endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: To describe our experience with a novel technique to decompress abdominal compartment syndrome after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA). METHODS: From January 2003 to April 2010, 13 patients (12 men; mean age 75 years) treated for rAAA with EVAR underwent tissue plasminogen activator (tPA)-assisted decompression for intra-abdominal hypertension. All of the patients but one had intra-abdominal pressure >20 mmHg, with signs of multiple organ failure or abdominal perfusion pressure <60 mmHg. With computed tomography guidance, a drain was inserted into the retroperitoneal hematoma, and tPA solution was injected to facilitate evacuation of the coagulated hematoma and decrease the abdominal pressure. RESULTS: In the 13 patients, the mean intra-abdominal pressure decreased from 23.5 mmHg (range 12-35) to 16 mmHg (range 10-28.5). A mean 1520 mL (range 170-2900) of blood was evacuated. Urine production (mean 130 mL/h, range 50-270) increased in 7 patients at 24 hours after tPA-assisted decompression; among the 5 patients in which urine output did not increase, 3 underwent hemodialysis by the 30-day follow-up. One patient did not respond with clinical improvement and required laparotomy. The 30-day, 90-day, and 1-year mortality was 38% (5/13 patients); none of the deaths was related to the decompression technique. CONCLUSION: tPA-assisted decompression of abdominal compartment syndrome after EVAR can decrease the intra-abdominal pressure and could be useful in preventing multiple organ failure. It is a minimally invasive technique that can be used in selected cases but does not replace laparotomy or retroperitoneal surgical procedures as the gold standard treatments.

Hörer T; Skoog P; Pirouzram A; Larzon T

2012-04-01

104

Endovascular treatment of huge saccular abdominal aortic aneurysm in a young Behcet patient: mid-term result  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Background Abdominal aortic aneurysm formation is among the arterial complications of Behcet's disease. Weakness and fragility of aortic walls leads to the development of arterial complications like pseudoaneurysms. Case Presentation A case of huge saccular abdominal aortic aneurysm in a young Behcet patient who was successfully treated with endovascular stent graft placement is reported, diagnostic and interventional procedures are discussed, and mid-term follow-up results are presented. Conclusions Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm complications of young Behcet patients who are not suitable for open surgery and need intervention could be an alternative treatment modality even without performing preprocedural angiography.

Kutlu Ramazan; Gulcan Oner; Akbulut Ahmet; Turkoz Riza; Baysal Tamer

2002-01-01

105

Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm by bifurcated stent graft  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of endoluminal bifurcated stent graft for the treatment of AAA. Between August 1997 and August 1998, 20 patients with AAA underwent treatment involving the use of a bifurcated stent graft. Fourteen in whom the aneurysm involved only bifurcation and six patients in whom the common iliac arteries were involved. For one patient, a stent with a short proximal neck measuring 12 mm was used. The stent graft was inserted by means of a unilateral surgical femoral arteriotomy. After the procedure, follow up involving CT and aortography was performed between month 3 and month 12. The primary success rate with the first trial was 79 percent (15 of 19 patients), and the overall success rate was 84 percent; one perigraft leak was successfully corrected. In one case, technical failure occurred due to a tortuous iliac vessel and spasm. Procedure-related complications occurred in 16% of patients (3 of 19), one of whom died due to acute renal failure following a contrast overdose. Endovascular treatment of infrarenal AAA by means of a bifurcated stent graft was effective and safe. In particular, if the proximal neck measured more than 1cm, any AAA could be treated using a bifurcated stent graft. Further investigation of the outcome and complications arising during long-term follow-up are needed, however.

1999-01-01

106

Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm by bifurcated stent graft  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of endoluminal bifurcated stent graft for the treatment of AAA. Between August 1997 and August 1998, 20 patients with AAA underwent treatment involving the use of a bifurcated stent graft. Fourteen in whom the aneurysm involved only bifurcation and six patients in whom the common iliac arteries were involved. For one patient, a stent with a short proximal neck measuring 12 mm was used. The stent graft was inserted by means of a unilateral surgical femoral arteriotomy. After the procedure, follow up involving CT and aortography was performed between month 3 and month 12. The primary success rate with the first trial was 79 percent (15 of 19 patients), and the overall success rate was 84 percent; one perigraft leak was successfully corrected. In one case, technical failure occurred due to a tortuous iliac vessel and spasm. Procedure-related complications occurred in 16% of patients (3 of 19), one of whom died due to acute renal failure following a contrast overdose. Endovascular treatment of infrarenal AAA by means of a bifurcated stent graft was effective and safe. In particular, if the proximal neck measured more than 1cm, any AAA could be treated using a bifurcated stent graft. Further investigation of the outcome and complications arising during long-term follow-up are needed, however.

Ko, Heung Kyu; Lee, Do Yon; Shim, Won Heum; Jang, Byung Chul; Yoon, Chee Soon; Won, Jong Yoon [Yonsei Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Hwan, Won Je [Aju Univ. College of Medicine, Suwon (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Byung Chul [Ewha Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1999-11-01

107

Tratamiento endovascular inmediato con stent graft en laceración de aorta torácica traumática  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Paciente de 32 años, que ingresa a la sala de guardia por sufrir politraumatismo secundario a accidente automovilístico. Se le realiza Rx de tórax que evidencia ensanchamiento de mediastino con sospecha clínica y por estudios con TAC y ecotransesofágico de rotura de aorta torácica, confirmada por angiografía de aorta descendente que muestra una imágen compatible con pseudoaneurisma. Debido a que la paciente persiste hipotensa, se decide tratamiento inmediato por v (more) ía endovascular, colocando un stent graft expandible con balón, con resultado exitoso y sin complicaciones. En el seguimiento con TAC con contraste al mes, a los 6 meses y al año, no se observaron alteraciones de la prótesis ni leaks peri protésico o re-estenosis.

Gómes Marques, R.; Deluca, C.; Escolar, E.; Ahualí, P.; Sztejfman, C.; Bettinotti, M.

2002-12-01

108

Tratamiento endovascular inmediato con stent graft en laceración de aorta torácica traumática  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Paciente de 32 años, que ingresa a la sala de guardia por sufrir politraumatismo secundario a accidente automovilístico. Se le realiza Rx de tórax que evidencia ensanchamiento de mediastino con sospecha clínica y por estudios con TAC y ecotransesofágico de rotura de aorta torácica, confirmada por angiografía de aorta descendente que muestra una imágen compatible con pseudoaneurisma. Debido a que la paciente persiste hipotensa, se decide tratamiento inmediato por vía endovascular, colocando un stent graft expandible con balón, con resultado exitoso y sin complicaciones. En el seguimiento con TAC con contraste al mes, a los 6 meses y al año, no se observaron alteraciones de la prótesis ni leaks peri protésico o re-estenosis.

R. Gómes Marques; C. Deluca; E. Escolar; P. Ahualí; C. Sztejfman; M. Bettinotti

2002-01-01

109

Cost-effectiveness of open versus endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm in the OVER trial.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the costs and comparative cost-effectiveness of two methods of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair in the Open Versus Endovascular Repair (OVER) Veterans Affairs (VA) Cooperative Study, a multicenter randomized trial of 881 patients. METHODS: The primary outcomes of this analysis were mean total health care cost per life-year and per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) from randomization to 2 years after. QALYs were calculated from EuroQol (EQ)-5D questionnaires collected at baseline and annually. Health care utilization data were obtained directly from patients and from national VA and Medicare data sources. VA costs were obtained from national VA sources using methods previously developed by the VA Health Economics Resource Center. Costs for non-VA care were determined from Medicare claims data or billing data from the patient's health care providers. RESULTS: After 2 years of follow-up, mean life-years were 1.78 in the endovascular repair group and 1.74 in the open repair group (difference, 0.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.03 to 0.09; P = .29). Mean QALYs were 1.462 in the endovascular group and 1.461 in the open group (difference adjusting for baseline EQ-5D score, 0.006; 95% CI, -0.038 to 0.052; P = .78). Mean graft costs were higher in the endovascular group ($14,052 vs $1363; P < .001), but length of stay was shorter (5.0 vs 10.5 days; P < .001), resulting in a lower mean cost of the hospital admission for the AAA procedure in the endovascular repair group of $37,068 vs $42,970 (difference, -$5901; 95% CI, -$12,135 to -$821; P = .04). After 2 years, total health care costs remained lower in the endovascular group, but the difference was no longer significant (-$5019; 95% CI, -$16,720 to $4928; P = .35). The probability of endovascular repair being less costly and more effective was 70.9% for life-years and 51.4% for QALYs. CONCLUSIONS: In this multicenter randomized trial, endovascular AAA repair resulted in lower cost and better survival than open repair after the initial hospitalization for repair; but after 2 years, survival, quality of life, and costs were not significantly different between the two treatments.

Stroupe KT; Lederle FA; Matsumura JS; Kyriakides TC; Jonk YC; Ge L; Freischlag JA

2012-10-01

110

Outcomes following endovascular vs open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: a randomized trial.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

CONTEXT: Limited data are available to assess whether endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) improves short-term outcomes compared with traditional open repair. OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative outcomes up to 2 years after endovascular or open repair of AAA in a planned interim report of a 9-year trial. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: A randomized, multicenter clinical trial of 881 veterans (aged > or = 49 years) from 42 Veterans Affairs Medical Centers with eligible AAA who were candidates for both elective endovascular repair and open repair of AAA. The trial is ongoing and this report describes the period between October 15, 2002, and October 15, 2008. INTERVENTION: Elective endovascular (n = 444) or open (n = 437) repair of AAA. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Procedure failure, secondary therapeutic procedures, length of stay, quality of life, erectile dysfunction, major morbidity, and mortality. RESULTS: Mean follow-up was 1.8 years. Perioperative mortality (30 days or inpatient) was lower for endovascular repair (0.5% vs 3.0%; P = .004), but there was no significant difference in mortality at 2 years (7.0% vs 9.8%, P = .13). Patients in the endovascular repair group had reduced median procedure time (2.9 vs 3.7 hours), blood loss (200 vs 1000 mL), transfusion requirement (0 vs 1.0 units), duration of mechanical ventilation (3.6 vs 5.0 hours), hospital stay (3 vs 7 days), and intensive care unit stay (1 vs 4 days), but required substantial exposure to fluoroscopy and contrast. There were no differences between the 2 groups in major morbidity, procedure failure, secondary therapeutic procedures, aneurysm-related hospitalizations, health-related quality of life, or erectile function. CONCLUSIONS: In this report of short-term outcomes after elective AAA repair, perioperative mortality was low for both procedures and lower for endovascular than open repair. The early advantage of endovascular repair was not offset by increased morbidity or mortality in the first 2 years after repair. Longer-term outcome data are needed to fully assess the relative merits of the 2 procedures. TRIAL REGISTRATION: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00094575.

Lederle FA; Freischlag JA; Kyriakides TC; Padberg FT Jr; Matsumura JS; Kohler TR; Lin PH; Jean-Claude JM; Cikrit DF; Swanson KM; Peduzzi PN

2009-10-01

111

Tratamiento endovascular de urgencia con endoprótesis de aneurisma roto disecado de aorta torácica: A propósito de un caso/ Emergency endovascular treatment with endoprosthesis of ruptured dissected aneurysm of thoracic aorta: Report of one case  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Los aneurismas de aorta torácica son menos comunes que los aneurismas de aorta abdominal y pueden encontrarse en aorta ascendente, arco aórtico, aorta descendente o en una combinación de estos segmentos. De estos aneurismas el 30% al 40% se originan en la aorta torácica descendente. En los aneurismas de aorta torácica existe una debilidad estructural de la pared de la aorta, que conlleva una dilatación arterial progresiva con eventual ruptura o disección. Aproximad (more) amente, 50% de los aneurismas de aorta torácica son ateroscleróticos y ocurren como resultado de remodelado arterial y dilatación o a raíz de un metabolismo anormal del colágeno. La mayoría de los aneurismas de aorta torácica se descubren por casualidad durante la evaluación de otros problemas médicos. La meta del tratamiento de los aneurismas de aorta torácica, es prevenir la muerte debido a su ruptura. El riesgo de ruptura de los no tratados oscila entre 46% a 74% y la tasa de mortalidad por su ruptura es extremadamente alta. Los aneurismas de gran tamaño, en especial aquellos mayores de 6 cm, son más susceptibles de rupturas que los aneurismas de menor tamaño. El tratamiento endovascular, inicialmente desarrollado para los aneurismas de aorta abdominal, se introdujo en 1992 como una alternativa menos invasiva al tratamiento de cirugía abierta para los aneurismas de la aorta torácica descendente. En la actualidad, el injerto de stent endovascular en la aorta descendente o endoprótesis, recibe mayor atención como alternativa al reparo quirúrgico de los aneurismas de aorta torácica. Abstract in english Thoracic aortic aneurysms are less common than abdominal aortic aneurysms and can be found in ascending aorta, aortic arch, descending aorta or in a combination of these segments. 30% to 40% of these aneurysms are originated in thoracic descending aorta. In thoracic aortic aneurysms there exists a structural wall weakness that leads to a progressive arterial dilation with eventual rupture or dissection. Approximately 50% of all thoracic aortic aneurysms are atheroscleroti (more) c and are the result of arterial restructure and dilation or are due to an abnormal collagen metabolism. Most thoracic aortic aneurysms are only found by chance during other medical problems evaluation. The goal of thoracic aortic aneurysms treatment is the prevention of death due to its rupture. Ruptured risk of untreated aneurysms oscillates between 46% and 74% and mortality rate due to its rupture is extremely high. Large aneurysms, especially when they are greater than 6 cm in diameter are more susceptible of ruptures than smaller aneurysms. Endovascular treatment, initially developed for abdominal aortic aneurysms, was introduced in 1992 as a less invasive alternative to open surgery treatment for descending thoracic aortic aneurysms. Endovascular stent or endoprosthesis is actually getting more attention as an alternative to surgical repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms.

Lugo, José; Calderón, Luis I; Gómez, Germán; Castro, Pablo; Hurtado, Edgar; Estrada, Gilberto; Fonseca, Jaime; Mendoza, Sara; Santos, Hernando; Caicedo, Víctor; Orjuela, Hernando; Abello, Mauricio

2007-12-01

112

Intra-peritoneal microdialysis and intra-abdominal pressure after endovascular repair of ruptured aortic aneurysms.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate intra-peritoneal (ip) microdialysis after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) in patients developing intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH), requiring abdominal decompression. DESIGN: Prospective study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 16 patients with rAAA treated with an emergency EVAR were followed up hourly for intra-abdominal pressure (IAP), urine production and ip lactate, pyruvate, glycerol and glucose by microdialysis, analysed only at the end of the study. Abdominal decompression was performed on clinical criteria, and decompressed (D) and non-decompressed (ND) patients were compared. RESULTS: The ip lactate/pyruvate (l/p) ratio was higher in the D group than in the ND group during the first five postoperative hours (mean 20 vs. 12), p = 0.005 and at 1 h prior to decompression compared to the fifth hour in the ND group (24 vs. 13), p = 0.016. Glycerol levels were higher in the D group during the first postoperative hours (mean 274.6 vs. 121.7 ?M), p = 0.022. The IAP was higher only at 1 h prior to decompression in the D group compared to the ND group at the fifth hour (mean 19 vs. 14 mmHg). CONCLUSIONS: Ip l/p ratio and glycerol levels are elevated immediately postoperatively in patients developing IAH leading to organ failure and subsequent abdominal decompression.

Hörer TM; Skoog P; Norgren L; Magnuson A; Berggren L; Jansson K; Larzon T

2013-06-01

113

Endovascular Treatment of Perigraft Seroma after Open Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair: Report of a Case  

Science.gov (United States)

Perigraft seroma is a rare complication after open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. We successfully treated large seroma after expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) aortobiiliac graft repair endovascularly. The patient was an 81-year-old lady with the history of five times laparotomy. She could not take any food because of vomiting. Contrast enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed giant seroma compressing small intestine. Total relining of the graft with a ExcluderTM endoprosthesis and open drainage of the seroma was performed. After the surgery, she became asymptomatic and seroma disappeared by CT 2 years later. This modality would be a good option for this rare complication.

2013-01-01

114

Flow patterns in an endovascular stent-graft for abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular exclusion of the abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has been carried out in selected patients during the past decade. The deployment of a complex multicomponent endovascular device in an aneurysmal aorta may alter the local haemodynamics and lead to thrombosis and intimal hyperplasia development. The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the flow patterns using flow visualisation and laser Doppler anemometry in a commercial bifurcated stent-graft. Two configurations of the stent-graft, endo-stent and exo-stent, were investigated in an idealised planar AAA model. The flow structures in the main trunk in both configurations of the stent-graft are three-dimensional with complex secondary structures. However, these flow structures were not entirely caused by the stent-graft. The stent struts in the endo-stent configuration cause localised alteration in the flow pattern but the overall flow structures were not significantly affected. Low velocity regions in the main trunk and flow separation in the stump region and the curved segment of the iliac limbs were observed. These areas are associated with thrombosis in the clinical situation. Improvements in the design of endovascular devices may remove these areas of unfavourable flow patterns and lead to better clinical performance. PMID:14672572

Chong, C K; How, T V

2004-01-01

115

Flow patterns in an endovascular stent-graft for abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Endovascular exclusion of the abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has been carried out in selected patients during the past decade. The deployment of a complex multicomponent endovascular device in an aneurysmal aorta may alter the local haemodynamics and lead to thrombosis and intimal hyperplasia development. The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the flow patterns using flow visualisation and laser Doppler anemometry in a commercial bifurcated stent-graft. Two configurations of the stent-graft, endo-stent and exo-stent, were investigated in an idealised planar AAA model. The flow structures in the main trunk in both configurations of the stent-graft are three-dimensional with complex secondary structures. However, these flow structures were not entirely caused by the stent-graft. The stent struts in the endo-stent configuration cause localised alteration in the flow pattern but the overall flow structures were not significantly affected. Low velocity regions in the main trunk and flow separation in the stump region and the curved segment of the iliac limbs were observed. These areas are associated with thrombosis in the clinical situation. Improvements in the design of endovascular devices may remove these areas of unfavourable flow patterns and lead to better clinical performance.

Chong CK; How TV

2004-01-01

116

Customized fenestrated endovascular graft repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm with concomitant horseshoe kidney.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The occurrence of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with horseshoe kidney (HSK) is an uncommon but complex surgical problem. This report outlines three such cases, the particular issues encountered and how customized endovascular grafts were successfully used to overcome them. Case one shows an accessory renal artery arising from the left common iliac artery, case two shows a right accessory renal artery from the AAA sac and case three has the right renal artery coming off the distal abdominal aorta within the sac. Across three patients, each graft had a single custom fenestration, which preserved a total of three major vessels with no change in renal function. Customized endografts are a viable tool to preserve aberrant vessels and thus renal mass in AAA and HSK. Customized endografts require an extensive work-up and are currently expensive to fabricate. However they are rapidly evolving as a mainstream tool in vascular surgery and provide a solution in cases of aberrant visceral vasculature.

Brown K; Robinson D; Bray A

2013-03-01

117

The application of brachial-femoral stretch guidewire in endovascular exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Objective: To investigate the key technique and application value of brachial-femoral stretch guidewire in endovascular exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Methods: Since Mach 1997 to October 2002, endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm had been preformed on 136 patients. The main body short limb graft was used in 118 cases. (Vanguard 6, Talent 86, AneuRx 2, Zenith 3, domestic 21). 12 of these patients were undergone brachial-femoral guidewire technique for the procedure. Results: All of the 12 cases with brachial-femoral stretch guidewire technique had the stent-grafts introduced, connected and released successfully. One case suffered brachial artery thrombosis postoperatively. One case had left medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve injured, but no other artery or incision complications occurred. 9 cases with the brachial-femoral stretch guidewire technique showed obviously, shortening of the time for this procedure. Conclusions: For the patients with poor general condition or specific anatomic conditions, such as aneurysm diameter >6 cm and the angle between aneurysm and common iliac artery >45 degree, aneurysm necktwist > 30 degree or iliac artery twist > 45 degree, age over 75 years old and combination with more than one important organ disfunction, the brachial-femoral guidewire technique is the valuable method of choice

2003-01-01

118

Delayed open conversion after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm: device-specific surgical approach.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: Despite several advances in endoluminal salvage for failed endovascular abdominal aortic repair (EVAR), in our experience an increasing number of cases necessitate delayed open conversion (dOC). METHODS: EVAR patients requiring delayed (>30 days) conversion were prospectively collected in a computerized database including demographics, details of aortoiliac anatomy, procedural and clinical success, and postoperative complications. RESULTS: Between 2005 and 2011, 54 patients were treated for aortic stent-graft explantation. Indications included 34 type I and III endoleaks, 13 type II endoleaks with aneurysm growth, 4 cases of material failures, and 3 stent-graft infections. All fit-for-surgery patients with type I/III endoleak underwent directly dOC. Different surgical approaches were used depending on the type of stent-graft. Overall 30-day mortality was 1.9%. Overall morbidity was 31% mainly due to acute renal failure (13 cases). Mean hospitalization was 6 days (range, 5-27 days). Overall survival at mean follow-up of 19 months was 78%. CONCLUSIONS: In recent years, the use of EVAR has increased dramatically, including in young patients regardless of their fitness for open repair. dOC after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm seems to be a lifesaving procedure with satisfactory initial and mid-term results.

Marone EM; Mascia D; Coppi G; Tshomba Y; Bertoglio L; Kahlberg A; Chiesa R

2013-05-01

119

Tratamento endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal em paciente com rim em ferradura: relato de caso/ Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm in patient with horseshoe kidney: a case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O rim em ferradura é uma das anomalias urológicas congênitas mais comuns e está presente em cerca de 0,12% dos pacientes com aneurisma de aorta abdominal. O reparo cirúrgico convencional está associado a dificuldades técnicas que provavelmente aumentam a morbidade e a mortalidade, mas que podem ser evitadas com o tratamento endovascular. Relatamos um caso de um paciente de 64 anos com rim em ferradura e aneurisma de aorta abdominal, que foi submetido ao reparo endovascular do aneurisma com sucesso. Abstract in english The horseshoe kidney is one of the most common urologic anomalies and is present in about 0,12% of the patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm. The conventional surgical repair is associated with technical difficulties that probably increase morbidity and mortality, but can be averted by the endovascular treatment. We report a case of a 64-year-old patient with horseshoe kidney and abdominal aortic aneurysm, who underwent endovascular repair with success.

Silvestre, José Manoel da Silva; Schimit, Gustavo Teixeira Fulton; Sardinha, Wander Eduardo; Silvestre, Guilherme da Silva; Tenório, Guilon Otávio Santos; Trevisan, Fernando Barbosa

2013-03-01

120

Tratamiento endovascular de 473 aneurismas intracraneanos: resultados angiográficos y clínicos Experiencia colombiana, 1996-2008/ Endovascular coil occlusion of 473 intracranial aneurysms: angiographic and clinical results  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Introducción. La terapia endovascular es una técnica aceptada mundialmente para el tratamiento de aneurismas cerebrales rotos y no rotos. En nuestro medio no hay grandes series publicadas que permitan comprobar la reproducibilidad del método según el grado de oclusión y la morbimortalidad de la técnica. Objetivo. Evaluar los resultados angiográficos y clínicos de la oclusión endovascular de 473 aneurismas intracraneanos tratados durante un período de 12 años. M (more) ateriales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo en 376 pacientes con 473 aneurismas intracraneanos tratados por terapia endovascular entre los años 1996 y 2008. Se analizaron las imágenes angiográficas antes del procedimiento y después de él y se registró el estado clínico al momento de ser dado de alta, según la escala de coma de Glasgow. Se evalúo la morbimortalidad asociada con la técnica y los resultados angiográficos inmediatos. Resultados. La factibilidad técnica del procedimiento fue de 96,8%. Según la escala de Hunt y Hess, al momento de la admisión, 8,7% de los pacientes estaban en el grado I, 35,7% en el grado II, 19,2% en el grado III y 7,8% en los grados IV o V. El 28,5% de los pacientes tenían aneurismas no rotos. Los resultados angiográficos inmediatos demostraron oclusión total en 69,6%, presencia de cuello remanente en 17,5% y oclusión parcial o fallida en 16,1% de los pacientes con “embolización”. La mortalidad global fue de 10,4%, con una mortalidad del procedimiento de 1,5%. Se presentaron complicaciones asociadas con la técnica en 7,6% de los aneurismas tratados. Conclusión. El tratamiento endovascular de los aneurismas intracraneanos se asoció con una baja morbimortalidad y una gran factibilidad técnica. Los resultados fueron similares a diversas series publicadas en la literatura mundial, respaldando la reproducibilidad del método en nuestro medio. Abstract in english Introduction. Endovascular therapy is a technique accepted throughout the world for the treatment of ruptured and non-ruptured intracranial aneurysms. In Colombia, however, no summary data have been published that validate the method in terms of occlusion grade and morbimortality. Objective. The clinical and angiographic outcomes were evaluated for endovascular embolization of 473 intracranial aneurysms treated during a 12 year time interval. Materials and methods. Betwee (more) n 1996-2008, 473 intracranial aneurysms treated by an endovascular approach were included in the current retrospective study. Pre and postprocedural angiographic images were analyzed, and clinical outcome was recorded according to the Glasgow coma scale. Immediate angiographic results and morbimortality were evaluated. Results. The technical feasibility of the procedure was 96.8%. According to Hunt and Hess scale, 8.7% patients were classified as grade I, 35.7% grade II, 19.2% grade III and 7.8% grades IV/V. Non-ruptured aneurysms had occurred in 28.5% of patients. Immediate procedural angiography demonstrated total occlusion in 69.6%, neck remnant in 17.5% and partial or failed occlusion in 16.1%. Global mortality was 10.4% and procedural mortality was 1.5%. Technique-associated complications presented in 7.6% of treated aneurysms. Conclusion. Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms was associated with low morbimortality and high technical feasibility. The results are comparable with other published data summaries and supporting the use of the method in Colombia.

Vargas, Sergio Alberto; Herrera, Diego Alberto; Cornejo, José William

2010-12-01

 
 
 
 
121

Endovascular coil occlusion of 473 intracranial aneurysms: angiographic and clinical results Tratamiento endovascular de 473 aneurismas intracraneanos: resultados angiográficos y clínicos. Experiencia colombiana, 1996-2008  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Endovascular therapy is a technique accepted throughout the world for the treatment of ruptured and non-ruptured intracranial aneurysms. In Colombia, however, no summary data have been published that validate the method in terms of occlusion grade and morbimortality.Objective. The clinical and angiographic outcomes were evaluated for endovascular embolization of 473 intracranial aneurysms treated during a 12 year time interval.Materials and methods. Between 1996-2008, 473 intracranial aneurysms treated by an endovascular approach were included in the current retrospective study. Pre and postprocedural angiographic images were analyzed, and clinical outcome was recorded according to the Glasgow coma scale. Immediate angiographic results and morbimortality were evaluated.Results. The technical feasibility of the procedure was 96.8%. According to Hunt and Hess scale, 8.7% patients were classified as grade I, 35.7% grade II, 19.2% grade III and 7.8% grades IV/V. Non-ruptured aneurysms had occurred in 28.5% of patients. Immediate procedural angiography demonstrated total occlusion in 69.6%, neck remnant in 17.5% and partial or failed occlusion in 16.1%. Global mortality was 10.4% and procedural mortality was 1.5%. Technique-associated complications presented in 7.6% of treated aneurysms.Conclusion. Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms was associated with low morbimortality and high technical feasibility. The results are comparable with other published data summaries and supporting the use of the method in Colombia.Introducción. La terapia endovascular es una técnica aceptada mundialmente para el tratamiento de aneurismas cerebrales rotos y no rotos. En nuestro medio no hay grandes series publicadas que permitan comprobar la reproducibilidad del método según el grado de oclusión y la morbimortalidad de la técnica.Objetivo. Evaluar los resultados angiográficos y clínicos de la oclusión endovascular de 473 aneurismas intracraneanos tratados durante un período de 12 años.Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo en 376 pacientes con 473 aneurismas intracraneanos tratados por terapia endovascular entre los años 1996 y 2008. Se analizaron las imágenes angiográficas antes del procedimiento y después de él y se registró el estado clínico al momento de ser dado de alta, según la escala de coma de Glasgow. Se evalúo la morbimortalidad asociada con la técnica y los resultados angiográficos inmediatos.Resultados. La factibilidad técnica del procedimiento fue de 96,8%. Según la escala de Hunt y Hess, al momento de la admisión, 8,7% de los pacientes estaban en el grado I, 35,7% en el grado II, 19,2% en el grado III y 7,8% en los grados IV o V. El 28,5% de los pacientes tenían aneurismas no rotos. Los resultados angiográficos inmediatos demostraron oclusión total en 69,6%, presencia de cuello remanente en 17,5% y oclusión parcial o fallida en 16,1% de los pacientes con "embolización". La mortalidad global fue de 10,4%, con una mortalidad del procedimiento de 1,5%. Se presentaron complicaciones asociadas con la técnica en 7,6% de los aneurismas tratados.Conclusión. El tratamiento endovascular de los aneurismas intracraneanos se asoció con una baja morbimortalidad y una gran factibilidad técnica. Los resultados fueron similares a diversas series publicadas en la literatura mundial, respaldando la reproducibilidad del método en nuestro medio.

Sergio Alberto Vargas; Diego Alberto Herrera; José William Cornejo

2011-01-01

122

Endovascular stent-graft placement and secondary intervention for abdominal aortic aneurysm in a patient who had a previously inserted iliac stent  

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Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm is associated with low morbidity and mortality rates when compared to open surgery, and this can be used in patients who are at a high risk for open surgical repair. Also, secondary intervention is an important for achieving intermediate and long term success of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm as this can resolve complications. We report here on endovascular stent-graft placement and a secondary interventional procedure in the abdominal aortic aneurysm of a patient who had a previously inserted iliac stent.

Jeon, Yong Sun; Cho, Soon Gu; Hong, Kee Chun [Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

2007-04-15

123

Endovascular stent-graft placement and secondary intervention for abdominal aortic aneurysm in a patient who had a previously inserted iliac stent  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm is associated with low morbidity and mortality rates when compared to open surgery, and this can be used in patients who are at a high risk for open surgical repair. Also, secondary intervention is an important for achieving intermediate and long term success of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm as this can resolve complications. We report here on endovascular stent-graft placement and a secondary interventional procedure in the abdominal aortic aneurysm of a patient who had a previously inserted iliac stent.

2007-01-01

124

Risk Factors in the Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms in the Endovascular ERA.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Purpose: Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a minimally invasive treatment that is becoming standard in abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment. We examine the risk factors of death by comparing the short-term results of abdominal aortic aneurysm by open surgical repair with EVAR.Methods: We performed elective abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment on 122 cases during the period from January 2008 to December 2009. Seventy one cases were treated with open surgical repair while 51 cases were treated with EVAR.Results: Compared to the open surgical repair group, the EVAR group was significantly older and had a higher complication rate and past laparotomy rates. No significant difference in hospital deaths was observed between the two groups. Two deaths with thromboembolism due to shaggy aorta were observed in the EVAR group. Two cases in the open surgical repair group developed postoperative myocardial infarction and one death was observed. Both patients underwent coronary artery treatment using drug eluting stents (DES) prior to surgery.Conclusion: Shaggy aorta has a high possibility of causing thromboembolism and EVAR should not be performed unless there is a considerable reason. In cases in which coronary artery treatment is performed with DES in recent days, EVAR is more preferable.

Wada H; Nishimura M; Matsumura H; Yamamoto S; Sekine Y; Hosoda Y

2013-06-01

125

Endovascular stent graft repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms: Current status and future directions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Endovascular stent graft repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has undergone rapid developments since it was introduced in the early 1990s. Two main types of aortic stent grafts have been developed and are currently being used in clinical practice to deal with patients with complicated or unsuitable aneurysm necks, namely, suprarenal and fenestrated stent grafts. Helical computed tomography angiography has been widely recognized as the method of choice for both pre-operative planning and post-operative follow-up of endovascular repair (EVAR). In addition to 2D axial images, a number of 2D and 3D reconstructions are generated to provide additional information about imaging of the stent grafts in relation to the aortic aneurysm diameter and extent, encroachment of stent wires to the renal artery ostium and position of the fenestrated vessel stents. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of applications of EVAR of AAA and diagnostic applications of 2D and 3D image visualizations in the assessment of treatment outcomes of EVAR. Interference of stent wires with renal blood flow from the hemodynamic point of view will also be discussed, and future directions explored.

Zhonghua Sun

2009-01-01

126

Management of hypogastric artery in endovascular exclusion for type II C abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To summarize our experiences of management for hypogastric artery in endovascular exclusion (EVE) for type II C abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Methods: From March, 1997 to October, 2002, endovascular exclusions were performed on 42 cases of type II C AAAs. Among them, the unilateral iliac bifurcations of 23 cases and the bilateral iliac bifurcations of 19 cases were involved. Various techniques, including the preservation of contralateral hypogastric artery, reconstruction of unilateral hypogastric artery and extra-artery ligation, were applied according to the different conditions of common iliac artery involved. Results: The procedures were technically successful in 41 patients (97.6%) without presence of obvious type I endoleak. Buttock pain occurred in 3 cases (7.5%), and bloody faeces in 2 cases (5.0%), but without buttock and colorectal necrosis. Conclusions: EVE is an effective method for type II C AAA. It is important to preserve the unilateral hypogastric artery, and avoid to occlude the bilateral hypogastric artery as well as possible

2003-01-01

127

A Literature Review of the Numerical Analysis of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms Treated with Endovascular Stent Grafts  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose of this paper is to present the basic principles and relevant advances in the computational modeling of abdominal aortic aneurysms and endovascular aneurysm repair, providing the community with up-to-date state of the art in terms of numerical analysis and biomechanics. Frameworks describing the mechanical behavior of the aortic wall already exist. However, intraluminal thrombus nonhomogeneous structure and porosity still need to be well characterized. Also, although the morphology and mechanical properties of calcifications have been investigated, their effects on wall stresses remain controversial. Computational fluid dynamics usually assumes a rigid artery wall, whereas fluid-structure interaction accounts for artery compliance but is still challenging since arteries and blood have similar densities. We discuss alternatives to fluid-structure interaction based on dynamic medical images that address patient-specific hemodynamics and geometries. We describe initial stresses, elastic boundary conditions, and statistical strength for rupture risk assessment. Special emphasis is accorded to workflow development, from the conversion of medical images into finite element models, to the simulation of catheter-aorta interactions and stent-graft deployment. Our purpose is also to elaborate the key ingredients leading to virtual stenting and endovascular repair planning that could improve the procedure and stent-grafts.

Roy, David; Kauffmann, Claude; Delorme, Sebastien; Lerouge, Sophie; Cloutier, Guy; Soulez, Gilles

2012-01-01

128

A literature review of the numerical analysis of abdominal aortic aneurysms treated with endovascular stent grafts.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose of this paper is to present the basic principles and relevant advances in the computational modeling of abdominal aortic aneurysms and endovascular aneurysm repair, providing the community with up-to-date state of the art in terms of numerical analysis and biomechanics. Frameworks describing the mechanical behavior of the aortic wall already exist. However, intraluminal thrombus nonhomogeneous structure and porosity still need to be well characterized. Also, although the morphology and mechanical properties of calcifications have been investigated, their effects on wall stresses remain controversial. Computational fluid dynamics usually assumes a rigid artery wall, whereas fluid-structure interaction accounts for artery compliance but is still challenging since arteries and blood have similar densities. We discuss alternatives to fluid-structure interaction based on dynamic medical images that address patient-specific hemodynamics and geometries. We describe initial stresses, elastic boundary conditions, and statistical strength for rupture risk assessment. Special emphasis is accorded to workflow development, from the conversion of medical images into finite element models, to the simulation of catheter-aorta interactions and stent-graft deployment. Our purpose is also to elaborate the key ingredients leading to virtual stenting and endovascular repair planning that could improve the procedure and stent-grafts.

Roy D; Kauffmann C; Delorme S; Lerouge S; Cloutier G; Soulez G

2012-01-01

129

Abdominal aortic aneurysms: endovascular options and outcomes - proliferating therapy, but effective?  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has a reported prevalence rate of 1.4% in the US. AAA rupture accounts for an estimated 15,000 deaths per year, rendering it the 10th leading cause of death in men over the age of 55. Endovascular repair (EVR) has proliferated in the last two decades as an increasingly popular alternative to traditional open surgery, and is now the default treatment in the majority of centres worldwide. This review article outlines the evidence supporting this stance. The development of EVR is reviewed, alongside trends in utilisation of this therapy over time. The evidence for the relative short-term and long-term outcomes of EVR and open AAA repair is discussed, and ongoing controversies surrounding the use of EVR are considered.

Bahia SS; Karthikesalingam A; Thompson MM

2013-07-01

130

[Modern treatment of rupturted abdominal aortic aneurysms with the use of synthetic endovascular prostheses].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM OF STUDY: We analyzed the case of two patients with ruptured aortic aneurysm treated with the usage of the endowascular method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms is burdened with a high mortality rate during the perioperative period. The implantation of forked stent-grafts and uni-grafts significantly reduced the mortality rate in this group of patients. Usage of this treatment requires the hybrid operating room. An essential element is to have the appropriate amount of equipment available to find a suitable intravascular prostheses. Uni-grafts are a good alternative for smaller divisions and for physicians with less experience in endovascular surgery. CONCLUSION: Endowascular procedures have a great chance to became a golden treatment standard.

Milnerowicz A; Milnerowicz A; Czapla B; Pupka A

2012-01-01

131

Technique of supraceliac balloon control of the aorta during endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular aneurysm repair is being used increasingly to treat ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAAs). Approximately 25% of RAAAs undergo complete circulatory collapse before or during the procedure. Patient survival depends on obtaining and maintaining supraceliac balloon control until the endograft is fully deployed. This is accomplished with a sheath-supported compliant balloon inserted via the groin contralateral to the side to be used for insertion of the endograft main body. After the main body is fully deployed, a second balloon is placed within the endograft, and the first balloon is removed so that extension limbs can be placed in the contralateral side. A third balloon can be placed via the contralateral side and ipsilateral extensions deployed as necessary. This technique of supraceliac balloon control is important to achieving good outcomes with RAAAs. In addition to minimizing blood loss, this technique minimizes visceral ischemia and maintains aortic control until the aneurysm rupture site is fully excluded. PMID:23159478

Berland, Todd L; Veith, Frank J; Cayne, Neal S; Mehta, Manish; Mayer, Dieter; Lachat, Mario

2012-11-15

132

Endovascular repair with chimney technique of abdominal aortic aneurysm with hostile aortic neck.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with hostile aortic neck is not a good candidate for conventional endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), and a recent paper showed that EVAR with chimney technique (Ch-EVAR) yielded reasonable outcome. We report here a case of successful Ch-EVAR treatment of AAA with hostile neck. An 81-year-old man presented with a 71-mm AAA during evaluation of a gastric ulcer. Aortic neck was 30 mm in diameter, 10-15 mm in length and angulated by 100°. EVAR was performed with chimney stenting to both renal arteries, and the patient recovered after transient hematuria. At one-year follow-up, AAA had increased by 7 mm with delayed type I endoleak control without renal insufficiency. The patient needed close follow-up.

Kim JY; Park JY; Cho SG; Jin CI; Lee WA; Jeon YS; Hong KC

2013-03-01

133

Management of endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm with neck bigger than sixty degrees  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To study the possibility and the feasibility of endovascular exclusion (EVE) in treating abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and expanding its application extent. Methods: Perform a modified technical procedure for AAA with neck bigger than sixty degree through bundle up or put in Cuff manoeuvre and follow by EVE. Results: AAA with neck bigger than sixty degree are completely excluded after the procedure revealing under color duplex scan, CTA, MRA with confirmations of the stent stability torsionlessness and no endo-leak. Conclusions: It is a safe, feasible method for EVE to treat AAA with neck bigger than sixty degree. Its characteristic mini-trauma is specially suitable for the old and weak patients

2003-01-01

134

Tratamiento endovascular de la disección aórtica tipo B mediante endoprótesis/ Endovascular treatment of type B aortic dissection  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Background: Dissections that involve the ascending aorta are classified as type A, regardless of the site of the primary intimal tear, and all other dissections as type B. Type B dissections can have fatal ischemic and hemorrhagic complications. In the chronic state, dilatation and rupture can be mortal. Endovascular surgery is a therapeutic alternative, considering the high rate of complications of conventional surgery Aim: To report the results of endovascular treatment (more) of type B aortic dissection. Material and methods: Report of 36 treated patients (30 males) aged 43 to 87 years, with a type B aortic dissection. Seventy eight percent were hypertensive and 39% smoked. The diagnosis was conñrmed by CAT sean. Acute patients were treated for complications and chronic patients, for dilatation. In the operating room, an endoprothesis was placed through the femoral artery, to cover the tear. The tear was located and the lumens were differentiated using angiography and transesophageal echocardiography. Results: All procedures were successful. In 16 acute dissections the indications were malperfusion syndrome or unmanageable hypertension in seven patients and imminent rupture or persistent pain in nine. Twenty chronic patients were operated due to dilatation (mean 6 cm). One patient died due to cardiac failure. One patient had a transient paraparesia and two had pulmonary embolism. No patient died in a follow up períod ranging from 2.5 to 74 months. Four patients required a new aortic endovascular procedure due to progressive dilatation or endoleak. Conclusión: Endovascular treatment of type B aortic dissection has good immediate andlong term results.

Mertens M, Renato; Arriagada J, Ivette; Valdés E, Francisco; Krämer Sch, Albrecht; Mariné M, Leopoldo; Bergoeing R, Michel; Braun J, Sandra; Godoy J, Iván; Córdova A, Samuel; Huete G, Alvaro; Vergara G, Jeannette; Carvajal N, Claudia

2008-11-01

135

Tratamiento endovascular y trombólisis intraarterial en el ictus isquémico agudo Endovascular treatment and intra-arterial thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke  

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Full Text Available Objetivo: Analizar la eficacia y la seguridad de la trombólisis intraarterial y el tratamiento endovascular en pacientes con ictus isquémico agudo. Diseño y ámbito: Estudio prospectivo observacional en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Pacientes: Dieciséis pacientes recibieron tratamiento endovascular. Se recogieron datos epidemiológicos, localización de la oclusión arterial, tiempo desde el ictus al tratamiento, indicación del tratamiento, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale al ingreso y al alta hospitalaria, y complicaciones y evolución funcional por escala de Rankin modificada realizada mediante una encuesta telefónica. Resultados: Diez varones, con una edad media de 59 años (29-74) y una estancia media en la unidad de cuidados intensivos de 6 días (1-33). Siete pacientes requirieron ventilación mecánica. Indicación del tratamiento: 4 casos por fracaso de la trombólisis intravenosa, 5 por oclusión de gran vaso, 2 por estar fuera de la ventana terapéutica, 3 por oclusión de la circulación posterior, uno por estar fuera de la ventana terapéutica y tener, además, una oclusión de gran vaso y uno por contraindicación para la trombólisis intravenosa. Localización de la oclusión: 3 en la circulación posterior y 13 en el territorio carotídeo y sus ramas. El fibrinolítico utilizado fue uroquinasa en dosis de 100.000-600.000 UI. Cuatro pacientes requirieron embolectomía mecánica y 10, implantación de stent. Se obtuvo recanalización completa en 11 pacientes (69%) y parcial en 4 (25%). Tres pacientes evolucionaron a muerte encefálica. Seis pacientes (46%) tuvieron una buena recuperación (escala de Rankin modificada 10) -tiempo de evolución de 3-6h-, y contraindicacio'n para la trombólisis intravenosa y la oclusión arterial proximal.Objective: Analysis of the safety and efficacy of intra-arterial thrombolysis therapy and endovascular treatment in acute ischemic stroke. Design and area: An observational prospective study in the Intensive Care Unit. Patients and methods: 16 patients had endovascular treatment. Epidemiological data, arterial occlusion site, time between stroke onset and treatment, treatment indication, NIHSS scale at admission and discharge from hospital, complications and functional outcome measured by modified Rankin scale (obtained by telephone survey) were collected. Results: Ten male patients with a mean age of 59 years (29-74) were included. The mean stay in the ICU was 6 days (1-33). Seven patients required mechanical ventilation. Treatment indications were: intravenous thrombolysis failure in 4 patients, major vessel occlusion in 5, outside of the therapeutic window in 2, posterior circulation occlusion in 3, outside of the therapeutic window plus major vessel occlusion in 1 and intravenous thrombolysis contraindication in 1. The occlusion site was on posterior circulation in 3 and on carotid territories and branches in 13. Thrombolytic treatment used was Urokinase at a dose of 100,000-600,000IU. Four patients required mechanical embolectomy and 10 stent implantation. Complete recanalization was observed in 11 (69%) and partial in 4 (25%). Three evolved to brain death. Six patients (46%) had a favorable outcome (modified Rankin scale score 10), evolution time between 3-6h, intravenous thrombolysis contraindication and proximal arterial occlusion.

D. Escudero; R. Molina; L. Viña; P. Rodríguez; L. Marqués; E. Fernández; L. Forcelledo; J. Otero; F. Taboada; P. Vega; E. Murias; A. Gil

2010-01-01

136

Tratamiento endovascular de la aorta torácica descendente: Resultados a mediano plazo/ Endovascular Treatment of the Descending Thoracic Aorta: Mid-Term Results  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Objetivo El propósito de esta publicación es comunicar nuestros resultados inmediatos y a mediano plazo del tratamiento endovascular de la aorta torácica descendente mediante implante de endoprótesis. Material y métodos Entre agosto de 1999 y agosto de 2006, 74 pacientes consecutivos, 53 hombres y 21 mujeres, fueron tratados por vía endovascular con implante de una prótesis autoexpandible. La edad media fue de 60 ± 14,8 años. Las indicaciones para tratamiento fue (more) ron disección aguda (n = 8); 11%, disección crónica (n = 31); 42%, hematoma intramural (n = 5); 7%, aneurisma verdadero (n = 17); 23%, úlcera penetrante (n = 4); 5% y seudoaneurisma traumático (n = 9); 12%. Resultados El implante del dispositivo fue exitoso en 73 (98,6%) pacientes; no se requirió conversión quirúrgica en ninguno de ellos. Ningún paciente presentó paraplejía o déficit neurológico. La mortalidad a los 30 días fue del 8,1% (n = 6). La mediana de seguimiento fue de 33,5 meses (rango 1-79) y la sobrevida global fue del 84% (IC 69-92%) y del 91% (IC 77-97%), según se incluyese o no la mortalidad temprana. El 93% (IC 84-97%) de los pacientes estaban libres de complicaciones relacionadas con el procedimiento. La mayoría de las complicaciones ocurrieron durante el primer año de seguimiento. Conclusiones El tratamiento endovascular de la aorta torácica descendente con implante de endoprótesis autoexpandible es factible y seguro. La baja incidencia de eventos en relación con las series quirúrgicas publicadas hace que este procedimiento sea de elección en pacientes seleccionados. Abstract in english Objective The purpose of this paper is to assess and report our immediate and mid-term results with the endoluminal treatment of aneurysmal disease of the descending thoracic aorta, using an endoprosthesis or stent-graft. Material and Methods From August 1999 to August 2006, 74 consecutive patients (53 men and 21 women) were treated with an endovascular self-expanding stent-graft. Their mean age was 60 ± 14.8 years. Indications for treatment were: acute dissection in 8 p (more) atients (11%), chronic dissection in 31 patients (42%), intramural hematoma in 5 patients (7%), true aneurysm in 17 patients (23%), penetrating ulcer in 4 patients (5%) and posttraumatic pseudoaneurysm in 9 patients (12%). Results The implant of the device was successful in 73 patients (98.6%); no patient required surgical conversion. There were no cases of paraplegia or neurological deficit. Thirty-day mortality was 8.1% (n = 6). Median follow-up time was 33.5 months (range: 1-79 months) and overall survival was 84% (CI: 69-92%) and 91% (CI: 77-97%), according to whether early mortality was included or not. Ninetythree percent of patients (CI: 84-97%) were free from procedure- related complications. Most complications occurred during the first year of follow-up. Conclusions Endovascular treatment of the descending thoracic aorta with self-expanding stent-grafts is feasible and safe. Based on the low incidence of events reported in the surgical series published, we believe this is the procedure of choice in selected patients.

Bertoni, Hernán G.; Fava, Mario P.; Girella, Germán A.; Zgrablich, Cristian; Ruda Vega, Pablo; Salvo, Gustavo A.; Azzari, Fabián A.; Andersen, Gustavo; Charask, Adrián; Leguizamón, Jorge H.

2007-04-01

137

Low-dose multidetector-row CT-angiography of abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To investigate the possibility of reducing radiation dose exposure while maintaining image quality using multidetector computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) with high-concentration contrast media in patients undergoing follow-up after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) to treat abdominal aortic aneurysm. Materials and methods: In this prospective, single center, intra-individual study, patients underwent two consecutive MDCTA scans 6 months apart, one with a standard acquisition protocol (130 mAs/120 kV) and 120 mL of iomeprol 300, and one using a low dose protocol (100 mAs/80 kV) and 90 mL of iomeprol 400. Images acquired during the arterial phase of contrast enhancement were evaluated both qualitatively and quantitatively for image noise and intraluminal contrast enhancement. Results: Thirty adult patients were prospectively enrolled. Statistically significantly higher attenuation values were measured in the low-dose acquisition protocol compared to the standard protocol, from the suprarenal abdominal aorta to the common femoral artery (p

2011-01-01

138

Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Single Center Experience in 122 Patients  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To analyze a single center experience of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms. Results of 122 patients who underwent EVAR were analyzed, retrospectively. Sex, age, aneurysmal morphology, hostile neck anatomy, preprocedural and postprocedural sac-diameter, technical and clinical success, postprocedural complication and need of additional procedure were analyzed. A total of 111 male and 11 female patients were included. Morphology of the aneurysms was as follows: fusiform (n = 108), saccular (n = 3) and ruptured type (n = 11). Sixty-four patients had hostile neck anatomy. The preprocedural mean sac-diameter was 52.4 mm. Postprocedural sac-diameter was decreased or stable in 110 patients (90.2%) and increased in 8 patients (6.6%). Technical success rate was 100% and clinical success rate was 86.1%. Fifty-one patients showed endoleak (41.8%) and 15 patients (12.3%) underwent secondary intervention due to type I endoleak (n = 4), type II endoleak (n = 4) and stent-graft thrombosis (n = 7). EVAR is a safe and effective therapy for abdominal aortic aneurysm, and it has high technical success and clinical success rate, and low complication rate.

Lee, Yun Young; Song, Jang Hyeon; Kim, Yong Tae; Yim, Nam Yeol; Kim, Jae Kyu; Lee, Ho Kyun; Choi, Soo Jin Na; Chung, Sang Young [Dept. of Radiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Chonnam National University School of Medicine, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Soo Hyun; Chang, Nam Kyu [Dept. of Radiology, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Chonnam National University School of Medicine, Hwasun (Korea, Republic of)

2013-02-15

139

Outcomes and Prognostic Factors of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in Patients with Hostile Neck Anatomy  

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To evaluate the outcomes and find the prognostic factors of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) in patients with hostile neck anatomy of the abdominal aorta. This study was performed on 100 patients with abdominal aneurysm who were treated with EVAR between March 2006 and December 2010. We divided the patients into two groups: good neck anatomy (GNA), and hostile neck anatomy (HNA) and then compared the primary success rate and the incidence rate of complications with EVAR between the two groups. Our aim was to determine the factors related to the complications of EVAR among HNA types. There were no significant differences of primary success rate and incidence rate of complications between the two groups. Among the types of HNA, the short neck angle [odd ratio (OR), 4.23; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.21-18.70; p = 0.023] and large neck angle (OR, 2.58; 95% CI, 0.15-11.85; p = 0.031) showed a low primary success rate. The short neck angle (OR, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.18-12.29; p = 0.002) and large neck angle (OR, 4.67; 95% CI, 0.14-19.07; p = 0.032) showed a high incidence rate of early type 1 complication. In the case of the large neck angle (OR, 3.78; 95% CI, 0.96-20.80; p = 0.047), the large neck thrombus (OR, 2.23; 95% CI, 0.24-7.12; p = 0.035) and large neck calcification (OR, 2.50; 95% CI, 0.08-18.37; p 0.043) showed a high incidence rate of complications within a year. The results suggest that patients with hostile neck anatomy can be treated with EVAR successfully, although there was a higher incidence of complications in patients with a short neck length, severe neck angulation, circumferential thrombosis, and calcified proximal neck.

2012-01-01

140

Outcomes and Prognostic Factors of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in Patients with Hostile Neck Anatomy  

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To evaluate the outcomes and find the prognostic factors of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) in patients with hostile neck anatomy of the abdominal aorta. This study was performed on 100 patients with abdominal aneurysm who were treated with EVAR between March 2006 and December 2010. We divided the patients into two groups: good neck anatomy (GNA), and hostile neck anatomy (HNA) and then compared the primary success rate and the incidence rate of complications with EVAR between the two groups. Our aim was to determine the factors related to the complications of EVAR among HNA types. There were no significant differences of primary success rate and incidence rate of complications between the two groups. Among the types of HNA, the short neck angle [odd ratio (OR), 4.23; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.21-18.70; p = 0.023] and large neck angle (OR, 2.58; 95% CI, 0.15-11.85; p = 0.031) showed a low primary success rate. The short neck angle (OR, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.18-12.29; p = 0.002) and large neck angle (OR, 4.67; 95% CI, 0.14-19.07; p = 0.032) showed a high incidence rate of early type 1 complication. In the case of the large neck angle (OR, 3.78; 95% CI, 0.96-20.80; p = 0.047), the large neck thrombus (OR, 2.23; 95% CI, 0.24-7.12; p = 0.035) and large neck calcification (OR, 2.50; 95% CI, 0.08-18.37; p 0.043) showed a high incidence rate of complications within a year. The results suggest that patients with hostile neck anatomy can be treated with EVAR successfully, although there was a higher incidence of complications in patients with a short neck length, severe neck angulation, circumferential thrombosis, and calcified proximal neck.

Jung, Hye Doo; Lee, Yun Young; Lee, Seung Jin; Yim, Nam Yeol; Kim, Jae Kyu; Choi, Soo Jin Na; Jung, Sang Young [Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Chang, Nam Kyu [Dept. of Radiology, St. Carollo Hospital, Suncheon (Korea, Republic of); Lim, Jae Hoon [Dept. of Radiology, Donggunsan Hospital, Gunsan (Korea, Republic of)

2012-09-15

 
 
 
 
141

Low-dose multidetector-row CT-angiography of abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular repair  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Purpose: To investigate the possibility of reducing radiation dose exposure while maintaining image quality using multidetector computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) with high-concentration contrast media in patients undergoing follow-up after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) to treat abdominal aortic aneurysm. Materials and methods: In this prospective, single center, intra-individual study, patients underwent two consecutive MDCTA scans 6 months apart, one with a standard acquisition protocol (130 mAs/120 kV) and 120 mL of iomeprol 300, and one using a low dose protocol (100 mAs/80 kV) and 90 mL of iomeprol 400. Images acquired during the arterial phase of contrast enhancement were evaluated both qualitatively and quantitatively for image noise and intraluminal contrast enhancement. Results: Thirty adult patients were prospectively enrolled. Statistically significantly higher attenuation values were measured in the low-dose acquisition protocol compared to the standard protocol, from the suprarenal abdominal aorta to the common femoral artery (p < 0.0001; all vascular segments). Qualitatively, image quality was judged significantly (p = 0.0002) better with the standard protocol than with the low-dose protocol. However, no significant differences were found between the two protocols in terms of contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) (13.63 {+-} 6.97 vs. 11.48 {+-} 8.13; p = 0.1058). An overall dose reduction of up to 74% was observed for the low-dose protocol compared with the standard protocol. Conclusion: In repeat follow-up examinations of patients undergoing EVAR for abdominal aortic aneurysm, a low-dose radiation exposure acquisition protocol provides substantially reduced radiation exposure while maintaining a constant CNR and good image quality.

Iezzi, R., E-mail: iezzir@virgilio.it [Department of Bioimaging and Radiological Sciences, Institute of Radiology, ' A. Gemelli' Hospital - Catholic University, L.go A Gemelli 8, 00168 Rome (Italy); Department of Clinical Science and Bioimaging, Section of Radiology, University ' G. D' Annunzio' , Chieti (Italy); Cotroneo, A.R.; Giammarino, A. [Department of Clinical Science and Bioimaging, Section of Radiology, University ' G. D' Annunzio' , Chieti (Italy); Spigonardo, F. [Department of Vascular Surgery, University ' G. D' Annunzio' , Chieti (Italy); Storto, M.L. [Department of Clinical Science and Bioimaging, Section of Radiology, University ' G. D' Annunzio' , Chieti (Italy)

2011-07-15

142

Calidad de vida en pacientes con aneurismas intracraneales: cirugía versus tratamiento endovascular Quality of life in intracranial aneurysm: surgery versus endovascular treatment  

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Full Text Available Objetivo. Basados en estudios anteriores, nuestro propósito es determinar la calidad de vida de los pacientes con aneurismas intracraneales después de haber sido intervenido mediante cirugía o embolización y comparar la calidad de vida de estos dos grupos. Material y métodos. El cuestionario SF-36 fue aplicado retrospectivamente a 93 pacientes con aneurismas tratados mediante cirugía (n=56) o embolización (n=37). Resultados. La calidad de vida de los pacientes tratados con cirugía estaba deteriorada en el 50% y en los pacientes tratados por embolización el 40,5% no mostraron ningún deterioro en ninguno de los dominios del SF-36. Los análisis muestran que el dominio de la función física está menos deteriorada en los pacientes que han sido embolizados que los que han sido intervenidos quirúrgicamente. Conclusiones. Los pacientes con aneurismas intracraneales tratados mediante cirugía o embolización tienen afectada la calidad de vida. El tratamiento endovascular puede causar menos limitaciones en la función física. En la calidad de vida de estos pacientes influyen varios factores, además del tipo de tratamiento.Background. Based on earlier studies, we aimed to determine the quality of life of patients with intracranial aneurysm after their treatment by surgery or embolization and to compare the quality of life of these two groups. Methods. The SF-36 health questionnaire was retrospectively applied to 93 patients with intracranial aneurysm treated with surgery (n=56) or embolization (n=37). Results. The quality of life of some patients was impaired but 50% of patients treated with surgery and 40,5% of patients treated with embolization showed no impairment in any SF-36 domain. The quality of life in the Physical Functioning domain was higher in embolization-treated than in surgery-treated patients. Conclusions. Some patients with intracranial aneurysms treated with surgery or endovascular embolization have an impaired quality of life. Endovascular treatment may cause less limitation in physical function. The quality of life of these patients is affected by numerous factors, in addition to the type of treatment.

M.J. Katati; S. Santiago-Ramajo; E. Saura; A. Jorques; M. Pérez-García; J.M. Martín-Linares; A. Mínguez-Castellano; F. Escamilla-Sevilla; V. Arjona

2006-01-01

143

Endovascular repair of contained abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture with aortocaval fistula presenting with high-output heart failure.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Aortocava fistula is a rare condition ranging from 0.22% to 6% of all ruptured aortic aneurysms. Recognition and diagnosis of this entity can often be difficult and requires heightened clinical suspicion to ensure that prompt surgical management leads to a favorable outcome. We herein describe the diagnosis and the technical points of successful endovascular management of aortocaval fistula in the setting of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Shah TR; Parikh P; Borkon M; Mocharla R; Lonier J; Rosenzweig BP; Mussa FF

2013-01-01

144

Use of Zenith TX2 endografts in endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair for large-diameter aortic necks.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose of this case report is to describe the use of thoracic endografts in endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) with large-diameter aortic necks. We present four patients who underwent elective repair of AAAs. Preoperative imaging demonstrated all to have large aortic necks (35-37 mm) precluding treatment with standard abdominal aortic devices. All underwent endovascular treatment, which included the use of a Zenith TX2 endograft (Cook Medical Incorporated, Bloomington, IN, USA) as a proximal aortic cuff. There was 100% technical success. One patient developed gastrointestinal bleeding and a myocardial infarction. All were subsequently discharged home. On follow-up, there was one aneurysm-related death at three months. The remaining three patients are alive at a mean of 25.7 months after their operation. In conclusion, large proximal aortic necks preclude endovascular treatment with standard abdominal endograft components. The use of a thoracic endograft as a proximal aortic cuff is a feasible technique for patients unable to tolerate open aortic reconstruction.

Jim J; Fajardo A; Geraghty PJ; Sanchez LA

2012-04-01

145

Aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal: correção endovascular combinada com derivação ilíaco-renal direita para criar colo proximal adequado Juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm: combined endovascular and open repair with right iliorenal bypass to create adequate proximal neck  

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Full Text Available Homem de 78 anos de idade, portador de múltiplas morbidades clínicas deu entrada na emergência com um aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal em condições hemodinâmicas estáveis. A tomografia computadorizada caracterizou aneurisma de 6 cm de diâmetro, e a distância do colo proximal do aneurisma era de 5 mm em relação à artéria renal direita e 28 mm à esquerda. Em virtude das condições clínicas do paciente, optou-se pelo reparo endovascular, mas previamente fez-se uma derivação ilíaco-renal direita com enxerto de politetrafluoretileno, via retroperitoneal para se criar um colo proximal adequado. Após quatro dias, o aneurisma de aorta abdominal foi corrigido colocando-se uma endoprótese Excluder® sem intercorrências. O seguimento pós-operatório evidenciou boa perfusão do rim esquerdo e ausência de migração ou endoleak da endoprótese. Este caso ilustra a combinação de técnicas para tornar possível o reparo de aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico e anatomia desfavorável.A 78-year-old man with a juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm and several comorbid conditions was admitted at the emergency room in hemodynamically stable conditions. Computed tomography revealed an aneurysm measuring 6 cm in diameter beginning 28 mm below the left renal artery and 5 mm below the right renal artery. Because of the patient's clinical status, a bypass from the right iliac artery to the right renal artery was performed through a retroperitoneal approach using a polytetrafluoroethylene vascular graft. Four days later, an endovascular aneurysm repair was successfully performed using an Excluder® stent-graft. Postoperative follow-up showed good left renal perfusion and no migration or endoleak. This case illustrates the effectiveness of combining open and endovascular techniques to repair juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in high-risk patients with unfavorable anatomy.

Matheus Bredarioli; Marcelo Bellini Dalio; Cleber Aparecido Pita Bezerra; Carlos Eli Piccinato; Jesualdo Cherri

2007-01-01

146

Aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal: correção endovascular combinada com derivação ilíaco-renal direita para criar colo proximal adequado/ Juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm: combined endovascular and open repair with right iliorenal bypass to create adequate proximal neck  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Homem de 78 anos de idade, portador de múltiplas morbidades clínicas deu entrada na emergência com um aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal em condições hemodinâmicas estáveis. A tomografia computadorizada caracterizou aneurisma de 6 cm de diâmetro, e a distância do colo proximal do aneurisma era de 5 mm em relação à artéria renal direita e 28 mm à esquerda. Em virtude das condições clínicas do paciente, optou-se pelo reparo endovascular, mas previamen (more) te fez-se uma derivação ilíaco-renal direita com enxerto de politetrafluoretileno, via retroperitoneal para se criar um colo proximal adequado. Após quatro dias, o aneurisma de aorta abdominal foi corrigido colocando-se uma endoprótese Excluder® sem intercorrências. O seguimento pós-operatório evidenciou boa perfusão do rim esquerdo e ausência de migração ou endoleak da endoprótese. Este caso ilustra a combinação de técnicas para tornar possível o reparo de aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico e anatomia desfavorável. Abstract in english A 78-year-old man with a juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm and several comorbid conditions was admitted at the emergency room in hemodynamically stable conditions. Computed tomography revealed an aneurysm measuring 6 cm in diameter beginning 28 mm below the left renal artery and 5 mm below the right renal artery. Because of the patient's clinical status, a bypass from the right iliac artery to the right renal artery was performed through a retroperitoneal approach usin (more) g a polytetrafluoroethylene vascular graft. Four days later, an endovascular aneurysm repair was successfully performed using an Excluder® stent-graft. Postoperative follow-up showed good left renal perfusion and no migration or endoleak. This case illustrates the effectiveness of combining open and endovascular techniques to repair juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in high-risk patients with unfavorable anatomy.

Bredarioli, Matheus; Dalio, Marcelo Bellini; Bezerra, Cleber Aparecido Pita; Piccinato, Carlos Eli; Cherri, Jesualdo

2007-06-01

147

Urgent endovascular treatment of thoraco-abdominal aneurysms using a sandwich technique and chimney grafts--a technical description.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: So far the only endovascular option to treat patients with thoraco abdominal aortic aneurysms is the deployment of branched grafts. We describe a technique consisting of the deployment of standard off-the- shelf grafts to treat urgent cases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sandwich technique consists of the deployment of ViaBahn chimney grafts in combination with standard thoracic and abdominal aortic stent grafts. The chimney grafts are deployed using a transbrachial and transaxillary access. These coaxial grafts are placed inside the thoracic tube graft. After deployment of the infrarenal bifurcated abdominal graft a bridging stent-a short tube graft is positioned inside the thoracic graft further stabilizing the chimney grafts. RESULTS: 5 patients with symptomatic thoraco abdominal aneurysms were treated. There was one Type I endoleak that resolved after 2 months. In all patients 3 stentgrafts had to be used When possible all visceral and renal branches were revascularized. A total number of 17 arteries were reconnected with covered branches. During follow up we lost one target vessel the right renal artery. CONCLUSION: The sandwich technique in combination with chimney grafts permits a total endovascular exclusion of thoraco abdominal aortic aneurysms. In all cases off-the shelf products and grafts could be used. The number of patients treated so far is still too small to draw further more robust conclusions with regard to long term performance and durability.

Kolvenbach RR; Yoshida R; Pinter L; Zhu Y; Lin F

2011-01-01

148

Predictors of adverse events after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: A meta-analysis of case reports  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is a life-saving intervention. Nevertheless, complications have a major impact. We review the evidence from case reports for risk factors of complications after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Case presentation We selected case reports from PubMed reporting original data on adverse events after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Extracted risk factors were: age, sex, aneurysm diameter, comorbidities, re-interventions, at least one follow-up visit being missed or refusal of a re-intervention by the patient. Extracted outcomes were: death, rupture and (non-)device-related complications. In total 113 relevant articles were selected. These reported on 173 patients. A fatal outcome was reported in 15% (N = 26) of which 50% came after an aneurysm rupture (N = 13). Non-fatal aneurysm rupture occurred in 15% (N = 25). Endoleaks were reported in 52% of the patients (N = 90). In half of the patients with a rupture no prior endoleak was discovered during follow-up. In 83% of the patients one or more re-interventions were performed (N = 143). Mortality was higher among women (risk ratio 2.9; 95% confidence interval 1.4 to 6.0), while the presence of comorbidities was strongly associated with both ruptures (risk ratio 1.6; 95% confidence interval 0.9 to 2.9) and mortality (risk ratio 2.1; 95% confidence interval 1.0 to 4.7). Missing one or more follow-up visits (?1) or refusal of a re-intervention by the patient was strongly related to both ruptures (risk ratio 4.7; 95% confidence interval 3.1 to 7.0) and mortality (risk ratio 3.8; 95% confidence interval 1.7 to 8.3). Conclusion Female gender, the presence of comorbidities and at least one follow-up visit being missed or refusal of a re-intervention by the patient appear to increase the risk for mortality after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Larger aneurysm diameter, higher age and multimorbidity at the time of surgery appear to increase the risk for rupture and other complications after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. These risk factors deserve further attention in future studies.

Schlösser Felix JV; JMG van der Heijden Geert; van der Graaf Yolanda; Moll Frans L; Verhagen Hence JM

2008-01-01

149

Manejo del aneurisma de la aorta abdominal: Estado actual, evidencias y perspectivas para el desarrollo de un programa nacional/ Open and endovascular surgery for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurism: Review of the available evidence  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Open and endovascular surgery are therapeutic alternatives for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurism. The development of guidelines for its treatment requires a thorough analysis of available evidence to recommend the best treatment for each country's reality. Prospective randomized trials have shown best initial results with endovascular surgery, with higher hospital costs than open surgery. The requirement of anatomical suitability for the placement of endovascular (more) prostheses limits the universal use of endovascular surgery. Moreover, this type of surgery needs a strict imaging and clinical follow up due to the high rates of late complications, which range from 20% to 40%. Many of these complications require further surgical interventions, elevating costs of treatment. The initial benefit of endovascular surgery is lost during long follow up as survival curves become similar to those of open surgery. Even for patients with a high surgical risk, the benefits of endovascular surgery are doubtful.

Mariné M, Leopoldo; Valdés E, Francisco; Mertens M, Renato; Krämer Sch, Albrecht; Bergoeing R, Michel; Rivera D, Dixiana; Vergara G, Jeanette; Carvajal N, Claudia

2009-08-01

150

Endovascular therapy of abdominal aortic aneurysm: results of a mid-term follow-up  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Prospective study to evaluate clinical results and complications of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment in a mid-term follow-up. Materials and methods: A total of 122 patients (9 females, 113 males, average age 70.0±7,9 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with stent grafts (53 Vanguard or Stentor endografts, 69 Talent endografts). Group I consisted of 40 patients who had all aortic tributaries of the aneurysm sac occluded prior to endovalscular grafting, either spontaneously by parietal thrombosis or by selective coil embolization of the respective ostia preserving collateral circulation distal to the vessel occlusion. Group II consisted of 82 patients and included all cases without or with incomplete coil embolization with at least one patent vessel. Stent grafting was performed in general anesthesia in the first 21 patients, followed by peridural anesthesia in 15 cases, and local anesthesia with conscious sedation in 86 cases. The results were evaluated with Spiral-CT, MRI and radiographs of the endovascular graft, with follow-up examinations obtained at 3, 6, 12 months, and every year - Implantation was successfully completed in all cases without primary conversion surgery, laparotomy or any significant complication. Mean follow-up was 29±21 months (maximum 82 months). The 30-day mortality was 0,8% due to a myocardial infarction 3 days after discharge from the hospital. A total of 47 re-interventions were performed in 29 patients (23.8%), with 35 re-interventions in 18 cases with Vanguard or Stentor endografts and 12 re-interventions in 11 patients with Talent endografts. 23 percutaneous re-interventions included distal graft extension (n=11), Wallstent for kinking and limb stenosis (n=3), and secondary coil embolization of collateral vessels (n=9). 24 surgical re-interventions included proximal graft extension (n=6), new endovascular grafts (n=3), surgical clipping of lumbar and mesenteric artery branches for type-II endoleaks following ineffective secondary coil embolization (n=1), and femorofemoral crossover bypasses (n=4). A total of 10 secondary conversion operations were performed because of damage to the membrane (n=4; 3 Vanguard endografts, 1 Talent endograft), significant caudal migrations (n=5; 4 Vanguard endografts, 1 Talent endograft) associated with type-I endoleaks (n=2), limb occlusion (n=1), disconnection of graft components (n=1), and significant endoluminal thrombus deposits (n=1). One patient, who was followed for 82 months, suffered from a significant endoleak for 10 months with increasing aneurysm diameter but he refused surgery. He was admitted with aneurysm perforation and was successfully operated with aortic graft replacement. Compared to group II, the incidence and size of endoleaks was reduced in group I (incidence 19.2% versus 29.9%, p

2003-01-01

151

Impaired renal function is associated with mortality and morbidity after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Renal function may be associated with poor outcome following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR), but this relationship has not been adequately investigated. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) with cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality after EVAR. METHODS: Prospective cohort study of patients undergoing elective EVAR; eGFR was calculated using the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration formula, and patients were divided in four groups (eGFR ?90 mL/min/1.73 m(2), group 1; 60-89, group 2; 30-59, group 3; <30, group 4). Composite end point consisted of death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, stroke, and vascular complications. Kaplan-Meier curves were constructed, and between-group comparisons were performed adjusted for variables that differed at baseline. RESULTS: A total of 383 patients (mean age, 69 ± 8 years; mean abdominal aortic aneurysm diameter, 6.2 ± 1.4 cm) were included. Over a mean follow-up of 34 ± 12 months, the following events occurred: 20 deaths (5.2%), 15 nonfatal myocardial infarctions (3.9%), 9 nonfatal strokes (2.3%), and 7 peripheral vascular complications (1.8%). Patients with an eGFR <30 had the highest mortality (35%) and incidence of complications (80%) as per the end point (P = .009 and P < .001, respectively). Adjusted Cox-regression analysis showed that a higher eGFR at baseline by 1 mL/min/1.73 m(2) was associated with a 5% lower likelihood of complications as per the end point (P < .001; hazard ratio, 0.95; 95% confidence interval, 0.94-0.97) and a 6% lower likelihood of death (P < .001; hazard ratio, 0.94; 95% confidence interval, 0.92-0.97). CONCLUSIONS: Impaired renal function is associated with an increase in cardiovascular events and mortality following elective EVAR.

Saratzis A; Sarafidis P; Melas N; Saratzis N; Kitas G

2013-05-01

152

Percutaneous endovascular aneurysm repair with the ultra-low profile Ovation Abdominal Stent-Graft System.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aim: Aim of the study was to report our single-center experience of the ultra-low profile OvationTM Abdominal Stent-Graft System with totally percutaneous endovascular aneurysm repair (PEVAR). Methods: Between December 2010 and March 2013 we electively treated 35 patients (male: 89%, mean age: 73±7 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) using bilateral PEVAR with the OvationTM endograft. Most (77%) cases were characterized by challenging femoral artery anatomy. Patients returned for follow-up visits at 1, 3, 6 months and annually thereafter. Results: Technical success was 97.1%. One type Ia endoleak was identified on final angiography, which was treated with an extension cuff. No groin complications were observed, including lymphocele, hematoma, pseudoaneurysm, dehiscence, or wound infection. Mean follow-up was 10 months (range 1-24 months). No death was registered. One type Ia endoleak was identified at the 12-month follow-up, which resolved with placement of a Palmaz balloon-expandible stent. No type II, III, or IV endoleaks were identified. No migration, AAA enlargement, AAA rupture, or conversion to open surgery was reported. Two patients (5.7%) developed monolateral iliac limb occlusion at 58 and 72 days of follow-up, respectively. In one case a limb kinking was observed and treated with iliac kissing stent. The other limb occlusion was due to external iliac artery severe stenosis and was treated with thrombolysis and iliac artery stenting. Conclusion: PEVAR with the OvationTM endograft is feasible and safe in patients with unfavorable anatomy. PMID:24002387

Mangialardi, N; Ronchey, S; Kasemi, H; Alberti, V; Fazzini, S; Serrao, E

2013-10-01

153

A Rare Complication of a Retained Wire during Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We present a case of a high-risk 76-year-old man who was electively admitted for repair of a large infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. After placement of the main body of the bifurcated graft, the contralateral guidewire became entrapped at the level of suprarenal fixation. Multiple endovascular maneuvers were attempted to remove this wire from the femoral approach, but all were unsuccessful. The wire was then transected at the level of the common femoral artery and anchored to the arterial wall with 1 small monofilament suture. A short bare stent was also used to secure this wire to the inner wall of the external iliac artery. However, the proximal end of the wire that extended freely up to the mid-descending aorta was left undisturbed. On postoperative day 2, an attempt at snaring the proximal end of the wire via a brachial approach also failed to displace the trapped wire. At 1-year of follow-up, the patient has been asymptomatic with no obvious sequelae, such as thromboembolism or aortic dissection, and there is no evidence of damage to the aorta or graft on computed tomographic imaging. To our knowledge, this complication has not been previously reported.

Derderian T; Ascher E; Hingorani A; Jimenez R

2013-11-01

154

3D ultrasound centerline tracking of abdominal vessels for endovascular navigation.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE:  Vessel lumen centerline extraction is important for intraoperative tracking of abdominal vessels and guidance of endovascular instruments. Three-dimensional ultrasound has gained increasing acceptance as a safe and convenient surgical image guidance modality. We aimed to optimize vascular centerline detection and tracking in 3D ultrasound. METHOD: To overcome the intrinsic limitation of low ultrasound image quality, an active contour method (snake) was used to track changes in vessel geometry. We tested two variants of a classic snake using the image gradient and gradient vector field (GVF) as external forces. We validated these methods in liver ultrasound images of 10 healthy volunteers, acquired at three breath-holding instances during the exhalation phase. We calculated the distances between the vessel centerlines as detected by algorithms and a gold standard consisting of manual annotations performed by an expert. RESULTS:  Both methods (GVF and image gradient) can accurately estimate the actual centerlines with average Euclidean distances of 0.77 and 1.24 mm for GVF and gradient, respectively. Both methods can automatically follow vessel morphology and position changes. CONCLUSIONS:  The proposed approach is feasible for liver vessel centerline extraction from 3D ultrasound images. The algorithm can follow the movement of the vessels during respiration; further improvements of hardware components are needed for a real-time implementation.

Zhang L; Parrini S; Freschi C; Ferrari V; Condino S; Ferrari M; Caramella D

2013-07-01

155

Candidates and major determinants for endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms in Korean patients.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The purpose of this study was to determine what proportion of patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) would be eligible for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to examine the major determinants for suitability of EVAR with the currently available indications. We retrospectively reviewed 3-D reconstructed computed tomography angiography of 88 patients with an atherosclerotic AAA who underwent open repair or EVAR between October 2003 and October 2010 at the Cardiovascular Center, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital. Of the 88 patients, 71 (80.7%) were treated with open repair and 17 (19.3%) were treated with EVAR. The rate of minor complications, postprocedural intensive care unit stay, and total hospital stay were significantly lower in the EVAR group. When the suitability of EVAR was reevaluated using morphologic criteria, a total of 33 (37.5%) patients were considered eligible for EVAR. Multivariate analysis revealed that proximal neck length, proximal neck angle, and aneurismal sac size were independent determinants for suitability of EVAR. Taking into account the increased clinical experience and the availability of new devices, EVAR would be applicable in about 40% of atherosclerotic AAA cases in this series of Korean patients. Accurate identification of candidates for EVAR by detailed preoperative evaluation, especially for morphologic characteristics, is essential.

Lee JM; Lim C; Youn TJ; Chun EJ; Choi SI; Cho YS; Cho GY; Chae IH; Park KH; Choi DJ

2013-03-01

156

Outcomes Following Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair Both Within and Outside of the Instructions for Use.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Purpose: To determine the influence of the abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) anatomy on the clinical outcomes after endovascular AAA repair (EVAR). Methods: Between January 2008 and December 2010, 53 patients underwent EVAR. The parameters outside of the device instructions for use (IFU) were: short neck length (<15 mm), proximal neck angulation (>60 degrees), small diameter of external iliac artery (<7 mm) and bilateral internal iliac embolization. Results: A total of 37% of these grafts were placed outside of at least one IFU parameter. The intraoperative problems encountered included one (3%) acute graft limb thrombosis, and one (3%) access vessel rupture within the IFU (w-IFU) group. One perioperative mortal case was observed in the w-IFU group due to thoracic aortic dissection. After one year follow-up, type II endoleak (EL) was recognized in 8 of 28 (29%) patients in the w-IFU group, and in 2 of 12 (17%) patients outside of the IFU (o-IFU) group. There was also no significant difference of early and mid-term outcomes between favorable neck anatomy and hostile neck anatomy (HNA). Conclusion: In our series, EVAR provided acceptable results even in the o-IFU group and HNA. This suggests that the IFU can be extended to other selected patients.

Igari K; Kudo T; Toyofuku T; Jibiki M; Inoue Y

2013-02-01

157

Endovascular Therapy of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Mid- and Long-Term Results  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As an alternative to open aneurysm repair, emergency endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) has emerged as a promising technique for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) within the last decade. The aim of this retrospective study is to present early and late outcomes of patients treated with EVAR for rAAA. Twenty-two patients (5 women, 17 men; mean age, 74 years) underwent EVAR for rAAA between November 2000 and April 2006. Diagnostic multislice computed tomography angiography was performed prior to stent-graft repair to evaluate anatomical characteristics and for follow-up examinations. Periprocedural patient characteristics and technical settings were evaluated. Mortality rates, hospital stay, and early and late complications, within a mean follow-up time of 744 ± 480 days, were also assessed. Eight of 22 patients were hemodynamically unstable at admission. Stent-graft insertion was successful in all patients. The total early complication rate was 54%, resulting in a 30-day mortality rate of 23%. The median intensive care unit stay was 2 days (range, 2-48 days), and the median hospital stay was 16 days (range, 9-210 days). During the follow-up period, three patients suffered from stent-graft-related complications. The overall mortality rate in our study group was 36%. EVAR is an acceptable, minimally invasive treatment option in patients with acute rAAA, independent of the patient's general condition. Short- and long-term outcomes are definitely comparable to those with open surgical repair procedures.

2008-01-01

158

Type II Endoleak After Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Effectiveness of Embolization  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to report our experience in treating type II endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Two hundred eighteen patients underwent EVAR with a Zenith stent-graft from January 2000 to December 2005. During a follow-up period of 4.5 ± 2.3 years, solely type II endoleak was detected in 47 patients (22%), and 14 of them underwent secondary interventions to correct this condition. Ten patients had transarterial embolization, and four patients had translumbar/transabdominal embolization. The embolization materials used were coils, thrombin, gelatin, Onyx (ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer), and glue. Disappearance of the endoleak without enlargement of the aneurysm sac after the first secondary intervention was achieved in only five of these patients (5/13). One patient without surveillance imaging was excluded from analyses of clinical success. After additional interventions in four patients and the spontaneous disappearance of type II endoleak in two patients, overall clinical success was achieved in eight patients (8/12). One patient did not have surveillance imaging after the second secondary intervention. Clinical success after the first secondary intervention was achieved in two patients (2/9) in the transarterial embolization group and three patients (3/4) in the translumbar embolization group. The results of secondary interventions for type II endoleak are unsatisfactory. Although the small number of patients included in this study prevents reliable comparisons between groups, the results seem to favor direct translumbar embolization in comparison to transarterial embolization.

2010-01-01

159

Reparación endovascular de Aneurisma aórtico abdominal: Estudio piloto de endoprótesis Ovation?. Resultados comparativos/ Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: comparative results of a pilot study using the Ovation? prosthesis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Introducción: Las endoprótesis actuales para tratar aneurismas aórticos (AAA) requieren introductores de alto diámetro (18-25F) y se sustentan excluyendo el aneurisma, mediante la fuerza radial de stents metálicos. Objetivo: prótesis Ovation? (TriVascular, EEUU) con aquellas disponibles en el mercado. Material y Método: Entre Noviembre 2009 y Agosto 2010 tratamos 47 AAA. En 10 pacientes usamos Ovation? (Grupo 1). Grupo Control (2): diez pacientes tratados contemp (more) oráneamente con endoprótesis comerciales. Ovation? es tri-modular, de PTFE y nitinol con un stent barbado para fijación supra-renal. Sella bajo las arterias renales mediante 2 anillos llenados con un polímero durante el implante. Usa introductor 13-15F. Usa-Philips-Allura (Best, Holanda). Comparamos: duración del procedimiento, hospitalización y complicaciones. Utilizamos test de Fisher exacto y t de student no pareado. Resultados: Éxito técnico 100%. Sin diferencia entre grupos (edad, sexo, tamaño AAA, riesgo ASA, laboratorio preoperatorio). Tiempo operatorio (hrs): 2,12 ± 0,7 vs. 2,0 ± 0,6 (NS). Estadía postoperatoria (hrs): 44,5 ± 10,7 vs 49,5 ± 32,0 (NS). El cuello del AAA y la permanencia en UTI fueron más cortos en grupo 1 (p= 0,035 y 0,0451). Seguimiento (4,5-12 meses) sin eventos adversos, endofugas tipo I ni III, ni re-intervenciones. Conclusiones: Los resultados con Ovation? a corto plazo son comparables con los de otras endoprótesis, cumpliendo con estándares de eficacia y seguridad. Ovation ? navega por vasos pequeños, permite un despliegue preciso y sellado efectivo en cuellos > 7 mm, ampliando el tratamiento endovascular del AAA. Abstract in english Background. Current endografts used in treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), use large (18-25F) delivery systems. Graft fixation and aneurysm sealing is obtained by a proximal stent, requiring an aortic neck >15 mm. Objective. To compare the efficacy and safety of Ovation? endograft (TriVascular, USA) with standard endografts. Methods. Between November 2009 and August 2010 we treated 47 AAA. In 10 patients we used Ovation? (Group 1). Ten patients treated during (more) the same period with commercially available endografts were used as controls (Group (2). The Ovation? endo-prosthesis is tri-modular, made of PTFE andnitinol with low profile (13-15F) and has a barbed suprarenal stent for fixation. Sealing is obtained independently through 2 inflatable rings filled with a biocompatible polymer during the procedure. Implantation followed the standard procedure through femoral exposure, using the Philips Allura imaging equipment (Best, Netherlands). Procedure duration, length of stay (LOS) and complications were compared between groups. Fisher exact test and unpaired Student?s t test were used for comparisons. Results. Results. Technical success was 100%. We observed no difference between groups (age, sex, AAA size, ASA risk, preoperative lab work). Procedure time (hrs) was 2,12 ± 0,7 vs. 2,0 ± 0,6 (NS), LOS (hrs) was 44,5 ± 10,7 vs. 49,5 ± 32,0 (NS) in Groups 1 and 2, respectively. Aneurysm neck length and ICU stay were shorter in Group 1 (p= 0,035 and 0,0451 respectively). During a 12 month follow up no adverse events, type I or III endoleak, or secondary interventions have occurred. Conclusion. Results with Ovation? are comparable to other endografts currently available, achieving the same standards of efficacy and safety. Its highly flexible delivery system allows navigation through small vessels, easy deployment and effective sealing of AAA with necks > 7 mm, broadening the span of patients suitable for endovascular treatment.

Valdés, Francisco; Mertens, Renato; Bergoeing, Michel; Mariné, Leopoldo; Krämer, Albrecht; Vargas, Francisco; Lema, Guillermo; Canessa, Roberto; Vergara, Jeanette

2011-01-01

160

Reparación endovascular de Aneurisma aórtico abdominal: Estudio piloto de endoprótesis Ovation™. Resultados comparativos Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: comparative results of a pilot study using the Ovation™ prosthesis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introducción: Las endoprótesis actuales para tratar aneurismas aórticos (AAA) requieren introductores de alto diámetro (18-25F) y se sustentan excluyendo el aneurisma, mediante la fuerza radial de stents metálicos. Objetivo: prótesis Ovation™ (TriVascular, EEUU) con aquellas disponibles en el mercado. Material y Método: Entre Noviembre 2009 y Agosto 2010 tratamos 47 AAA. En 10 pacientes usamos Ovation™ (Grupo 1). Grupo Control (2): diez pacientes tratados contemporáneamente con endoprótesis comerciales. Ovation™ es tri-modular, de PTFE y nitinol con un stent barbado para fijación supra-renal. Sella bajo las arterias renales mediante 2 anillos llenados con un polímero durante el implante. Usa introductor 13-15F. Usa-Philips-Allura (Best, Holanda). Comparamos: duración del procedimiento, hospitalización y complicaciones. Utilizamos test de Fisher exacto y t de student no pareado. Resultados: Éxito técnico 100%. Sin diferencia entre grupos (edad, sexo, tamaño AAA, riesgo ASA, laboratorio preoperatorio). Tiempo operatorio (hrs): 2,12 ± 0,7 vs. 2,0 ± 0,6 (NS). Estadía postoperatoria (hrs): 44,5 ± 10,7 vs 49,5 ± 32,0 (NS). El cuello del AAA y la permanencia en UTI fueron más cortos en grupo 1 (p= 0,035 y 0,0451). Seguimiento (4,5-12 meses) sin eventos adversos, endofugas tipo I ni III, ni re-intervenciones. Conclusiones: Los resultados con Ovation™ a corto plazo son comparables con los de otras endoprótesis, cumpliendo con estándares de eficacia y seguridad. Ovation ™ navega por vasos pequeños, permite un despliegue preciso y sellado efectivo en cuellos > 7 mm, ampliando el tratamiento endovascular del AAA.Background. Current endografts used in treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), use large (18-25F) delivery systems. Graft fixation and aneurysm sealing is obtained by a proximal stent, requiring an aortic neck >15 mm. Objective. To compare the efficacy and safety of Ovation™ endograft (TriVascular, USA) with standard endografts. Methods. Between November 2009 and August 2010 we treated 47 AAA. In 10 patients we used Ovation™ (Group 1). Ten patients treated during the same period with commercially available endografts were used as controls (Group (2). The Ovation™ endo-prosthesis is tri-modular, made of PTFE andnitinol with low profile (13-15F) and has a barbed suprarenal stent for fixation. Sealing is obtained independently through 2 inflatable rings filled with a biocompatible polymer during the procedure. Implantation followed the standard procedure through femoral exposure, using the Philips Allura imaging equipment (Best, Netherlands). Procedure duration, length of stay (LOS) and complications were compared between groups. Fisher exact test and unpaired Student’s t test were used for comparisons. Results. Results. Technical success was 100%. We observed no difference between groups (age, sex, AAA size, ASA risk, preoperative lab work). Procedure time (hrs) was 2,12 ± 0,7 vs. 2,0 ± 0,6 (NS), LOS (hrs) was 44,5 ± 10,7 vs. 49,5 ± 32,0 (NS) in Groups 1 and 2, respectively. Aneurysm neck length and ICU stay were shorter in Group 1 (p= 0,035 and 0,0451 respectively). During a 12 month follow up no adverse events, type I or III endoleak, or secondary interventions have occurred. Conclusion. Results with Ovation™ are comparable to other endografts currently available, achieving the same standards of efficacy and safety. Its highly flexible delivery system allows navigation through small vessels, easy deployment and effective sealing of AAA with necks > 7 mm, broadening the span of patients suitable for endovascular treatment.

Francisco Valdés; Renato Mertens; Michel Bergoeing; Leopoldo Mariné; Albrecht Krämer; Francisco Vargas; Guillermo Lema; Roberto Canessa; Jeanette Vergara

2011-01-01

 
 
 
 
161

Estudo comparativo entre tratamento endovascular e cirurgia convencional na correção eletiva de aneurisma de aorta abdominal: revisão bibliográfica Endovascular elective treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm versus conventional open repair: a comparative study  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O tratamento eletivo do aneurisma de aorta abdominal é recomendado pela alta morbiletalidade decorrente da eventual ruptura. O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar o reparo endovascular eletivo com a cirurgia aberta e avaliar as mortalidades hospitalar e perioperatória, em 1 ano, por todas as causas e relacionadas ao aneurisma, a permanência hospitalar, as complicações, as taxas de sobrevida, conversão e reintervenção, a durabilidade do enxerto, o custo-benefício e a relação desses dados com o treinamento da equipe médica responsável pelo tratamento. Realizou-se uma revisão da literatura sobre reparo endovascular versus cirurgia convencional. Foram observados vantagem na sobrevivência perioperatória e menor estresse pós-cirúrgico; no entanto, os benefícios iniciais são perdidos por complicações e reintervenções tardias. Trabalhos baseados nas primeiras gerações de endopróteses superestimam as taxas de mortalidade em curto prazo, complicações e reintervenções. A durabilidade do enxerto, a real vantagem na sobrevida e o custo-benefício são incertos, e outros estudos são necessários para o seguimento em longo prazo.The elective treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm is recommended due to the high morbidity and mortality of a possible rupture. The objective of this study was to compare the elective endovascular aneurysm repair with open repair and to analyze the in-hospital and perioperative mortality rate during 1 year related to all causes and to the aneurysm, as well as the postoperative length of hospital stay, complications, survival rates, conversion and reintervention, graft durability, cost-benefit ratio, and relation with the medical team’s experience. A review of the scientific literature about endovascular versus open repair was carried out. We found a higher rate of perioperative survival and less postoperative stress; nevertheless, the initial benefits were lost due to late complications and reinterventions. First-generation endografts overestimated the early results of mortality rates, complications, and reinterventions. Endograft durability, real advantage of survival rates, and cost-benefits are uncertain and further long-term follow-up studies are necessary.

Ana Carolina P. Simão; Ana Carolina de Alencar Gonçalves; Milena Miguita Paulino; Renata Barbosa de Oliveira; Camila Aparecida Polli; Ayrton Cássio Fratezi

2009-01-01

162

The need for clinical trials of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm stent-graft repair: The EUROSTAR Project. EUROpean collaborators on Stent-graft Techniques for abdominal aortic Aneurysm Repair.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

EUROSTAR (EUROpean collaborators on Stent-graft Techniques for abdominal aortic Aneurysm Repair) was established for the purpose of combining and studying data on endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair, EUROSTAR is independent of any commercial interest and has as its ultimate goal an i...

Harris, PL; Buth, J; Mialhe, C; Myhre, HO; Norgren, L

163

Avaliação pós-operatória do tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal por angiotomografia com multidetectores/ Post-operative evaluation of endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms by multidetector computed tomography angiography  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Este estudo tem como objetivo a avaliação pós-operatória do tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal por angiotomografia com multidetectores. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foram analisadas, retrospectivamente, angiotomografias de 166 pacientes (137 homens e 29 mulheres) com idade média de 73 anos portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal submetidos a terapêutica endovascular, no período de junho de 2005 a agosto de 2006. Os exames foram feitos em (more) tomógrafo multidetector de 64 canais e os parâmetros adotados foram: colimação, 0,625 mm; pitch, 0,6-1; mAs, 300-400; kV, 120. Em todos os casos foi utilizado meio de contraste iodado não-iônico (350 mg/ml) administrado por meio de bomba infusora, com fluxo de 4 ml/s a 5 ml/s e com volume variável de 70 ml a 100 ml. Os exames foram avaliados quanto à presença de complicações. RESULTADOS: Dos 166 exames realizados, 93 pacientes não apresentaram complicações e 73 apresentaram os seguintes achados: endoleak (n=37), trombose circunferencial da endoprótese (n=29), angulação (n=17), coleção no sítio de punção (n=10), migração da prótese (n=7), dissecção dos vasos de acesso (n=7) e oclusão (n=6). CONCLUSÃO: O endoleak foi a complicação mais prevalente em nosso estudo, sendo o tipo II o mais comum. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at evaluating endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms by multidetector computed tomography angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multidetector computed tomography angiography studies of 166 patients were retrospectively analyzed. The sample included 137 men and 29 women with mean age of 73 years who had undergone endovascular treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm in the period between June 2005 and August 2006. Images were (more) acquired in a 64-channel multidetector tomograph adopting the following parameters: 0.625 mm collimation, pitch 0.6-1, 300-400 mAs, and 120 kV. A nonionic iodinated contrast agent (350 mg/ml) was injected by infusion pump at a rate of 4 ml/s to 5 ml/s and a variable amount of 70 ml to 100 ml. The studies were evaluated for the presence of complications. RESULTS: Among the 166 cases, 93 patients did not present complications and 73 presented the following findings: endoleak (n=37), circumferential thrombosis (n =29), angulation (n=17), presence of collection at the puncture site (n=10), graft migration (n=7), dissection of access vessels (n=7) and occlusion (n=6). CONCLUSION: In summary, endoleak was the most prevalent complication in the present series, with type II endoleak being most frequently found.

Thomaz, Fabiana Barroso; Lopez, Gaudencio Espinosa; Marchiori, Edson; Magalhães, Fabio Vargas; Magalhães, Isabela Ferreira de; Kuroki, Iugiro Roberto; Caramalho, Mônica Ferreira; Domingues, Romeu Côrtes

2008-08-01

164

Tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal em contexto de urgência - experiência do Serviço de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular do Hospital de Santa Marta/ Urgent endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm - experience of Hospital Santa Marta  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese Objectivos: O tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal é uma alternativa à intervenção cirúrgica convencional, aplicável no contexto de urgência. Em casos anatomicamente favoráveis parece existir uma vantagem significativa a curto e médio prazo, pese embora uma maior taxa de re-intervenções. Material e Métodos: Foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva dos registos de procedimentos endovasculares na aorta abdominal em contexto de urgência, desd (more) e o ano de 2004. Analisaram-se um total de 47 doentes, dos quais em 4 a técnica revelou-se inexequível. O tempo médio de follow-up foi de 28,5 meses (1 a 60 meses). Resultados: Verificou-se sucesso técnico em 91% dos casos (43/47). Registou-se uma taxa de mortalidade aos 30 dias de 19% (8/43) nos doentes tratados, e de 23% (11/47) com base na intenção de tratar. Dos doentes tratados, 18 apresentavam-se sintomáticos, 25 com rotura estável e 4 com rotura de aneurisma da aorta abdominal hemodinamicamente instável documentada por tomografia computorizada abdominal. O seguimento destes doentes revelou um caso de endoleak tipo I proximal, tratado cirurgicamente através da colocação de um cuff proximal e dois casos de endoleak tipo II que não se associaram a crescimento do aneurisma, pelo que se optou pelo acompanhamento seriado sem tratamento até à data. Conclusões: Os autores concluem que a experiência institucional com o tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal em contexto de urgência é favorável, comparando-se aos resultados publicados em grandes séries. A menor mortalidade e morbilidade associada ao procedimento permite tratar um maior espectro de doentes. O seguimento é fundamental para uma atempada detecção e correcção de complicações. Abstract in english Objectives: The endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms is an alternative to surgical intervention, applicable in emergency situations. In anatomically suitable cases, appears to be a significant advantage in the short and midterm results, despite a higher rate of re-interventions Methods: We performed a search in the records of all rEVAR done since the year 2004. We reviewed a total of 47 patients, 4 of which the technique has proved unfeasible. The median f (more) ollow-up is 28.5 months (1-60 months) Results: There was a technical success in 91% of cases (43/47). The overall mortality at 30 days was 19% (8/43) in treated patients, and considering the intention to treat, the mortality rose to 23% (11/47). In the patients treated, 18 were symptomatic, 25 had a hemodynamically stable rupture and 4 were hemodynamically unstable. The follow-up of these patients has detected a case of proximal type I endoleak, witch was treated surgically by placing a proximal cuff, and two cases of type II endoleak that were not associated with aneurysm growth, and we chose not to treat. Conclusions: The authors conclude that the institutional experience with the endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms in emergency is favourable compared to the results published in large series. The lower mortality and morbidity associated with the procedure allows treating a broader spectrum of patients. Follow-up is essential for a timely detection and correction of complications.

Alves, Gonçalo R.; Vasconcelos, Leonor; Rodrigues, Hugo; Eufrásio, Sérgio; Gonçalves, Frederico; Castro, João S.; Ferreira, Maria E.; Castro, João A.; Capitão, Luís M.

2011-06-01

165

When the chimney is blocked: malignant renovascular hypertension after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The Chimney graft (CG) procedure is one of the novel modification techniques of the endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) surgery to treat suprarenal and juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. Other indications for the use of CG placement include thoracic and thoracoabdominal aneurysms with supraortic branches orifice involvement and cases of common iliac artery aneurysms with or without internal iliac artery involvement. The technique is used in patients who due to aortic-neck morphology and lack of adequate fixation and/or sealing zones are not eligible for standard EVAR. In this procedure, a parallel stent-graft is placed adjacent to the main body of the aortic endograft to maintain blood supply to renovisceral or supraortic branches, once the body of the aortic stent-graft is deployed. Symptomatic occlusions of the CG with novel renovascular hypertension were not described until now. CASE PRESENTATION: A-64-year-old male patient, presented with new-onset malignant hypertension, 13 months after an EVAR operation with CG placement to the left renal artery. The patient was on preventive clopidrogel therapy, which was withheld temporarily for several days, one month before presentation. Imaging studies revealed a novel form of iatrogenic renovascular hypertension, caused by occlusion of the CG. Any attempt to recanalize the covered stent or revascularize the left kidney was rejected and conservative treatment was chosen. Seven months after presentation, blood pressure was within normal ranges with little need for antihypertensive therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Physicians should be aware that the novel emerging techniques of EVAR to overcome the limitations of the aortic-neck anatomy may still adversely influence the renal outcome with potential development of new-onset hypertension.

Gal-Oz A; Wolf YG; Rosen G; Sharon H; Schwartz IF; Chernin G

2013-03-01

166

[Approach and efficacy of endovascular repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm with hostile proximal landing zone].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To explore the option and efficacy of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with hostile aortic proximal landing anatomy. METHODS: The clinical data of 51 AAA patients with hostile aortic proximal landing anatomy treated by EVAR from January 2010 to June 2012 at our hospital was retrospectively analyzed. There were 44 males and 7 females with a mean age of 73 years (range: 42 - 94). The anatomic measurements included a diameter of aneurysm body 32 - 100 mm, a length of proximal neck 0 - 50 mm, a width of proximal neck 15 - 40 mm and infrarenal angulation 15 - 80 degrees. In addition, there were calcification (n = 10) and thrombus lining with aortic neck (n = 15) and irregular shape of aortic neck (n = 5) respectively. The stent-grafts were deployed by 4 femoral arteries. RESULTS: Many types of aortic stent were used, such as Endurant (n = 9), Talent (n = 5), Zenith (n = 31), Hercules (n = 5), Palmaz/CUFF (n = 6) and multilayer bare-stent (n = 2). And 11 patients underwent fenestrated EVAR and 31 with chimney EVAR involving renal artery (39 branches), superior mesenteric artery (3 branches) and celiac trunk (3 branches). The primary technical success rate was 100%. The perioperative endoleak rate was 17.6%. During the mean follow-up period of 13 months (2 - 28), the primary patency of stent was 96.1% and the thrombus rate of aneurysm 82.4%. Two cases of new endoleak and 3 cases of residual endoleak underwent secondary intervention. In addition, long-term follow-up was required for 3 patients with stent-graft migration (< 10 mm). There was no case of death, infection, occlusions, ischemia of lower limbs, aneurysm expansion or rupture. CONCLUSION: A variety of EVAR options are both safe and efficacious in the treatment of AAA with hostile proximal landing zone.

Zhang T; Jia X; Liu J; Jia SH; Guo W

2012-12-01

167

[Dual-Energy CT in the follow-up after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: This study investigates the dual-energy procedure for postoperative CT follow-up scans after endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms. The procedure is analyzed with respect to its sensitivity and specificity as well as the associated radiation exposure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 51 examinations were carried out on 47 patients between February 2009 and March 2010. For each patient, a non-enhanced, an arterial and a venous scan were conducted, the latter two using the dual-energy technology. Virtual images for the non-enhanced phase were reconstructed from the data taken in the venous phase. Protocol A, the reference standard, consisted of non-enhanced images and images of the arterial and venous phase. In protocol B, standard non-enhanced images were replaced by the reconstructed virtual non-enhanced images. Protocol C consisted only of virtual non-enhanced and 80 kV images taken during the venous phase. All data was anonymized and evaluated by two independent radiologists. For protocol C, sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values were computed. The effective radiation dosage was determined for each scan. RESULTS: All endoleaks identified in protocol A were found using protocols B and C. For protocol C, the sensitivity and negative predictive value were 100 %, the specificity was 94.1 %, and the positive predictive value was 89.5 %. Compared to protocol A, protocol C reduces the radiation exposure by 62.45 %. CONCLUSION: A scan protocol consisting of virtual non-enhanced images as well as 80 kV images taken during the venous phase was found to be a reliable alternative method for diagnosing endoleaks, while reducing the radiation exposure by 62.45 %.

Brägelmann A; Bunck A; Donas K; Kasprzak B; Maintz D; Heindel W; Seifarth H

2013-04-01

168

Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms--6 years of experience with Ella stent-graft system  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Purpose: Evaluation of 6-year results of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) treatment by Ella stent-grafts with regard to safety and effectivity in relation to morphology of the aneurysm. Methods: From a group of 172 patients with AAA, in whom elective endovascular treatment was considered, 120 of them (69.8%) were found to be suitable for this type of therapy. The bifurcated type of stent-graft was implanted in 97 patients, uniiliacal type in 19 patients and only four patients were found to be suitable for tubular type of stent-graft. Additional necessary procedures (internal iliac artery occlusion or contralateral common iliac artery occlusion in a group of patients with uniiliacal type of stent-graft) were performed surgically during the stent-graft implantation. CT and US controls were performed at 3, 6 and 12 months after implantation, later every 12 months. Results: Primary technical success was achieved in 109 of the 120 patients (91%). Primary endoleak was recorded in 11 patients (primary endoleak type Ia in seven patients, type Ib in three patients and type IIIa in one patient). Assisted technical success after reintervention or spontaneous seal was 98.3%. Surgical conversion was indicated in two patients (1.7%). Perioperative mortality rate was 3.3%. Total average follow-up period was 20.7 months (range from 2 to 60 months). In nine patients (7.5%) secondary endoleak type II was found at control CT or US, in three patients partial thrombosis of the stent-graft was found. There was no aneurysm rupture during follow-up. Conclusion: Treatment of AAA with Ella stent-graft system is effective and safe. Bifurcated stent-graft is the most frequently used type. Uniiliacal type of stent-graft is used by us only in cases of complicated morphology.

Koecher, Martin E-mail: martin.kocher@seznam.cz; Utikal, Petr; Koutna, Jirina; Bachleda, Petr; Buriankova, Eva; Herman, Miroslav; Bucil, Jiri; Benysek, Vladimir; Cerna, Marie; Kojecky, Zdenek

2004-08-01

169

Azelnidipine decreases plasma matrix metalloproteinase-9 levels after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We investigated the changes of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) -9 in the peripheral blood samples of patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), and the effect of azelnidipine on plasma MMP-9 levels in those patients. Levels of MMP-9 were measured in 22 patients who underwent EVAR for AAAs, and results were compared between a group receiving 16 mg azelnidipine daily (n=12) and a control group without azelnidipine (n=10). Measurements were taken preoperatively, and at 1 month and 3 months, postoperatively. Patients without endoleaks after EVAR showed a significant decrease in mean plasma MMP-9 levels (preoperative value: 39.5+/-14.3 ng/mL, after 1 month: 25.0+/-12.6, after 3 months: 28.2+/-10.2 ng/mL; P=0.004). In contrast, no significant decreases in mean plasma MMP-9 levels were observed in the patients with endoleaks after EVAR (preoperative value: 37.5+/-9.0 ng/mL, after 1 month: 26.8+/-8.4, after 3 months: 38.5+/-15.7 ng/mL; P=0.219). Moreover, among patients without endoleaks, those receiving azelnidipine showed a significantly greater decrease in the mean plasma MMP-9 levels for 3 months postoperatively (preoperative value: 47.7+/-13.2 ng/mL, after 1 month: 26.6+/-12.8, after 3 months: 26.1+/-11.4 ng/mL; P0.001) compared with the control group without endoleaks (preoperative value: 31.3+/-10.5 ng/mL, after 1 month: 33.4+/-12.1, after 3 months: 30.3+/-9.1 ng/mL; P=0.792). These results showed that azelnidipine treatment in patients without endoleak after EVAR was associated with a significant decrease in mean plasma MMP-9 levels for 3 months postoperatively.

Nakamura E; Akashi H; Hiromatsu S; Tanaka A; Onitsuka S; Aoyagi S

2009-01-01

170

Azelnidipine decreases plasma matrix metalloproteinase-9 levels after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

We investigated the changes of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) -9 in the peripheral blood samples of patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), and the effect of azelnidipine on plasma MMP-9 levels in those patients. Levels of MMP-9 were measured in 22 patients who underwent EVAR for AAAs, and results were compared between a group receiving 16 mg azelnidipine daily (n=12) and a control group without azelnidipine (n=10). Measurements were taken preoperatively, and at 1 month and 3 months, postoperatively. Patients without endoleaks after EVAR showed a significant decrease in mean plasma MMP-9 levels (preoperative value: 39.5+/-14.3 ng/mL, after 1 month: 25.0+/-12.6, after 3 months: 28.2+/-10.2 ng/mL; P=0.004). In contrast, no significant decreases in mean plasma MMP-9 levels were observed in the patients with endoleaks after EVAR (preoperative value: 37.5+/-9.0 ng/mL, after 1 month: 26.8+/-8.4, after 3 months: 38.5+/-15.7 ng/mL; P=0.219). Moreover, among patients without endoleaks, those receiving azelnidipine showed a significantly greater decrease in the mean plasma MMP-9 levels for 3 months postoperatively (preoperative value: 47.7+/-13.2 ng/mL, after 1 month: 26.6+/-12.8, after 3 months: 26.1+/-11.4 ng/mL; P0.001) compared with the control group without endoleaks (preoperative value: 31.3+/-10.5 ng/mL, after 1 month: 33.4+/-12.1, after 3 months: 30.3+/-9.1 ng/mL; P=0.792). These results showed that azelnidipine treatment in patients without endoleak after EVAR was associated with a significant decrease in mean plasma MMP-9 levels for 3 months postoperatively. PMID:20103998

Nakamura, Eiji; Akashi, Hidetoshi; Hiromatsu, Shinichi; Tanaka, Atsuhisa; Onitsuka, Seiji; Aoyagi, Shigeaki

2009-01-01

171

The impact of hemodynamic status on outcomes of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair for rupture.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: To date, there are no published reports comparing hemodynamically (Hd)-stable and Hd-unstable patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (r-AAAs) undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). This study evaluates outcomes of EVAR for r-AAA based on patient's Hd status METHODS: From 2002 to 2011, 136 patients with r-AAAs underwent EVAR and were categorized into two groups based on systolic blood pressure (SBP) measurements before EVAR: 92 (68%) Hd-stable (SBP ? 80 mm Hg) and 44 (32%) Hd-unstable (SBP <80 mm Hg for >10 minutes). All data were prospectively entered in a database and retrospectively analyzed. Outcomes included 30-day mortality, postoperative complications, the need for secondary reinterventions, and midterm mortality. The effect of potential predictors on 30-day mortality was assessed by ?(2) and logistic regression. RESULTS: Of the 136 r-AAA patients with EVAR, the Hd-stable and Hd-unstable groups had similar comorbidities (coronary artery disease, 63% vs 59%; hypertension, 72% vs 75%; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 21% vs 26%; and chronic renal insufficiency, 18% vs 18%), mean AAA maximum diameter (6.6 vs 6.4 cm), need for on-the-table conversion to open surgical repair (3% vs 7%), and incidences of nonfatal complications (43% vs 38%) and secondary interventions (23% vs 25%). Preoperative computed tomography scan was available in significantly fewer Hd-unstable patients (64% vs 100%; P < .05). Compared with Hd-stable patients, the Hd-unstable patients had a significantly higher intraoperative need for aortic occlusion balloon (40% vs 6%; P < .05), mean estimated blood loss (744 vs 363 mL; P < .05), incidence of developing abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS; 29% vs 4%; P < .01), and death (33% vs 18%; P < .05). ACS was a significant predictor of death; death in all r-EVAR with ACS was significantly higher compared with all r-EVAR without ACS (10 of 17 [59%] vs 22 of 119 [18%]; P < .01). CONCLUSIONS: EVAR for r-AAA is feasible in Hd-stable and Hd-unstable patients, with a comparable incidence of conversion to open surgical repair, nonfatal complications, and secondary interventions. Hd-stable patients have reduced mortality at 30 days, whereas Hd-unstable patients require intraoperative aortic occlusion balloon more frequently, and have an increased risk for developing ACS and death.

Mehta M; Paty PS; Byrne J; Roddy SP; Taggert JB; Sternbach Y; Ozsvath KJ; Darling RC 3rd

2013-05-01

172

Manejo endovascular de la aorta torácica/ Endovascular treatment of thoracic aorta  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish En comparación con el tratamiento convencional, la terapia endovascular en aneurisma de aorta torácica, presenta los mejores resultados, por lo que se convierte en el tratamiento de elección para la patología de aorta torácica descendente endovascular, por su baja morbimortalidad perioperatoria. El tratamiento quirúrgico por vía retroperitoneal y/o endovascular para aneurisma de aorta abdominal infrarrenal, resulta ser especialmente seguro en pacientes octogenarios (more) o con alta morbilidad. Esta cohorte institucional presenta resultados perioperatorios y en el seguimiento, similares a los reportados en la literatura mundial. Abstract in english Compared with the conventional treatment, endovascular therapy in thoracic aortic aneurysm shows the best results, being the election treatment for the pathology of the descending thoracic aorta, due to its low peri-operative morbid-mortality. Surgical treatment by retro-peritoneal route and/or endovascular for infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysm is especially safe in octogenarian patients or in those with a high mortality rate. This institutional cohort show peri-operative and follow-up results similar to those reported in the world literature.

Barrera, Juan G; Mateus, Ligia C; Saaibi, José F; Balestrini, Carlos S; Calderón, Jaime; Carreño, Marisol; Castillo, VíctorR; Pizarro, Camilo; Gomezese, Omar F; López, Freddy; Chaves, Ángel M; Luengas, Carlos; Calvo, Oscar; Reyes, Rafael; Aguilera, Fabio M; Bayter, Jorge E; Salazar, Leonardo; Muñoz, Jimmy

2006-10-01

173

Manejo endovascular de la aorta torácica Endovascular treatment of thoracic aorta  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En comparación con el tratamiento convencional, la terapia endovascular en aneurisma de aorta torácica, presenta los mejores resultados, por lo que se convierte en el tratamiento de elección para la patología de aorta torácica descendente endovascular, por su baja morbimortalidad perioperatoria. El tratamiento quirúrgico por vía retroperitoneal y/o endovascular para aneurisma de aorta abdominal infrarrenal, resulta ser especialmente seguro en pacientes octogenarios o con alta morbilidad. Esta cohorte institucional presenta resultados perioperatorios y en el seguimiento, similares a los reportados en la literatura mundial.Compared with the conventional treatment, endovascular therapy in thoracic aortic aneurysm shows the best results, being the election treatment for the pathology of the descending thoracic aorta, due to its low peri-operative morbid-mortality. Surgical treatment by retro-peritoneal route and/or endovascular for infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysm is especially safe in octogenarian patients or in those with a high mortality rate. This institutional cohort show peri-operative and follow-up results similar to those reported in the world literature.

Juan G Barrera; Ligia C Mateus; José F Saaibi; Carlos S Balestrini; Jaime Calderón; Marisol Carreño; VíctorR Castillo; Camilo Pizarro; Omar F Gomezese; Freddy López; Ángel M Chaves; Carlos Luengas; Oscar Calvo; Rafael Reyes; Fabio M Aguilera; Jorge E Bayter; Leonardo Salazar; Jimmy Muñoz

2006-01-01

174

Successful use of talc sclerodesis to control a persistent high-output groin seroma following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Groin wound lymphatic complications after vascular procedures are accompanied by increased risk of infection, prolonged hospital stay, and greater patient morbidity. High-output groin seromas can be difficult to manage and refractory to established interventions. Although subcutaneous talc has been used to prevent seroma accumulation in other high-risk surgical fields, such as after axillary lymph node dissection, it has not been described in the context of vascular surgery. This article presents the first reported case of a persistent high-output groin seroma after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair managed successfully with intraoperative application of sterile talc.

Metcalfe D; Sinha S; Sadek N; Ho AL; Karthikesalingam A; Jones KG; Hinchliffe RJ; Thompson MM; Black SA

2013-08-01

175

The Use of Direct Thrombin Injection to Treat a Type II Endoleak Following Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report describes the use of thrombin to treat a type II endoleak which was causing continued abdominal aortic aneurysm expansion in a patient who had undergone endovascular repair. A small quantity of thrombin was injected into the leak by a percutaneous approach directly into the aneurysm sac using color doppler ultrasound. The procedure was successful and required only a few minutes to perform. We believe this procedure is an alternative to some of the more complex and technically challenging means of treating this lesion.

2003-01-01

176

The association of patent sac branch vessels with type 2 endoleak of abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular exclusion  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To determine the association of patent sac branch vessels with early type 2 endoleak rate after endovascular exclusion (EVE). Methods: 8 abdominal aortic aneurysm patients in the presence of type 2 endoleak after EVE were retrospectively reviewed. Results: All the patients with type 2 endoleak had multiple sac branch vessels preoperatively. Conclusions: Patent sac branches play an important role in the pathogenesis of type 2 endoleak. If the excluded sac is increasing in size rapidly, the patent branches must be embolized promptly to avoid aneurysm rupture

2003-01-01

177

Evaluation with Doppler vascular ultrasound in postoperative endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm: a prospective comparative study with angiotomography  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is usually incidental, and surgical treatment, when indicated, may be open or endovascular. The drawbacks of computed angiotomography (CTA) and the advantages of Doppler ultrasonography have led to the development of alternative follow-up protocols, comparing the two methods. OBJECTIVE: To determine validity indices for Doppler ultrasonography and to correlate them with CTA results in a group of patients who h (more) ad undergone elective endovascular treatment of AAAs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients were selected. The following three items were evaluated: 1) presence or absence of endoleak; 2) presence of blood flow in the aortoiliac segment; and 3) maximum AAA diameter. RESULTS: For the detection of endoleak, Doppler ultrasonography showed a sensitivity of 54.5%, a specificity of 92.8%, a positive predictive value of 85.7%, a negative predictive value of 92.8%, and an overall accuracy of 76%. For the evaluation of blood flow in the aortoiliac segment, values were 100, 97.8, 80, 97.8, and 98%, respectively. Maximum AAA diameter was similarly measured by both methods, with statistically significant differences (mean difference: 1.98 mm). Pearson's correlation coefficient was 0.97, showing that Doppler ultrasonography and CTA yielded similar results. CONCLUSION: Doppler ultrasonography showed good validity indices and a moderate correlation with CTA in the postoperative evaluation of patients undergoing endovascular treatment of AAAs.

Franca, Graciliano Jose; Baroncini, Liz Andrea Villela; Oliveira, Aguinaldo de; Vidal, Enrique Antonio; Miyamotto, Marcio; Toregeani, Jeferson Freitas; Coelho, Luiz Otavio de Mattos; Timi, Jorge Rufino Ribas

2013-06-01

178

Open surgery for abdominal aortic aneurysm in the era of endovascular repair: comparison with long term results of endovascular repair using zenith stentgraft.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Our study focuses on the long term result of open surgery and endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) using the Zenith stentgraft. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 237 patients underwent elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair between April 1999 and December 2006. Nineteen patients underwent EVAR, whereas 218 patients underwent open surgery. The mean follow-up time for EVAR group was 73.8 ± 49 months (range; 25-150 months), and 69.7 ± 46 months (range; 1-156 months) for open surgery group. RESULTS: One open surgery patient (1/218, 0.46%) died of aspiration pneumonia, whereas all the EVAR patients survived the operation. Remote complications requiring reintervention occurred in 8 patients (8/174, 4.6%) in open surgery group. Six EVAR patients (6/19, 31.6%) developed late aneurysm expansion, among whom four patients (4/19, 21.1%) required reinterventions after 3 or more years postoperatively. The need for reintervention persisted even at 11 years after initial EVAR. There was no significant intergroup difference in late mortality. CONCLUSIONS: There was no statistically significant intergroup difference in early and long term mortality. Complications requiring reinterventions, however, were more frequent in EVAR than in open surgery, especially in the late period. Long term follow-up is mandatory for comparison of the clinical results between open surgery and EVAR.

Ito H; Shimono T; Shimpo H; Kato N; Takeda K

2013-01-01

179

Anatomic suitability for endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms and possible benefits of low profile delivery systems.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The aim of the study was to evaluate the anatomic suitability for endovascular abdominal aneurysm repair (EVAR) according to instructions for use (IFUs) of three commercially available bifurcated stent graft devices and explore the possible benefits of low-profile delivery systems. Computed tomography scans of 241 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) were evaluated for suitability of Zenith Flex(®), Gore Excluder(®) and Endurant(®) bifurcated stent graft systems according to their IFUs. The most common exclusion criteria and possible benefits of smaller diameter delivery systems were analyzed. When choosing the most suitable graft model for each patient, the overall suitability was 49.4%. By brand, the suitability was 28.6% for Zenith(®), 25.7% for Gore Excluder(®) and 48.1% for Endurant(®). By step wise accepting iliac diameters of ?6 mm, ?5 mm and ?4 mm the overall suitability increased to 56.7, 58.9 and 60.2%, respectively (P < 0.001). Diameters below 4 mm had no additional effect on suitability as combinations of other anatomical features, with or without narrow iliacs, accounted for the remaining excluding factors. In conclusion, Less than half of patients with AAAs are suitable for EVAR according to current IFUs. Low-profile delivery systems may allow for endovascular treatment in up to 60% of patients.

Kristmundsson T; Sonesson B; Dias N; Malina M; Resch T

2013-03-01

180

Second-stage endovascular repair of the delayed distal endoleak after stent-graft exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the second-stage endovascular repair of the delayed distal endoleak after stent-graft exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm. Methods: Distal endoleak occurred in three patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm who had undergone the endovascular exclusion more than three years. All of them received the extension stent-grafts deployment. The procedures were operated via the bilateral common femoral arteries in two of the cases with one extension stent-graft on each side, and via the left retro-peritoneal route plus right common femoral artery in another one. Three with extensions was applied. Results: With the application of guide-wire stretching technique, all the endoleaks were sealed after the additional deployment of extensions. Conclusions: The unsteady-character of the Vanguard stent-graft might be the cause of distal endoleak. Utility of additional extension is the most valuable therapy. Application of guide-wire stretching technique is much helpful to achieve the success of the procedure and shorten the operation time

2003-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Type II endoleaks after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm are not always a benign condition.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine whether type II endoleak (T2E) after endovascular repair of abdominal aorta (EVAR) is a benign condition (ie, not associated with growth, reintervention, rupture, or death). METHODS: Data from patients who underwent EVAR for atherosclerotic infrarenal aortic aneurysms between June 1995 and May 2010 in the Vascular Surgery Department of Henri Mondor Hospital were prospectively collected. Data from patients presenting with at least one T2E on computed tomography scan during their follow-up were compared with those with no T2E. Three subcategories of T2E were studied according to time of occurrence (early or late), persistence (persistent or transient), and recurrence (recurrent or not recurrent). RESULTS: Seven hundred patients were included with follow-up ranging from 1 month to 15 years (median, 31.3 months; range, 12.4-61.4); 201 (28.9%) had at least one T2E. Patients with T2Es were significantly older (P < .001), female (P = .015), had larger aneurysms (P = .019), and patent lumbar arteries (P = .003). Patients without T2Es had a higher incidence of current smoking (P < .001) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (P < .005). Multivariate analysis showed risk of T2E was increased in older patients (odds ratio [OR], 1.04; confidence interval [CI], 95% 1.02-1.06; P < .001) and in those with patent lumbar arteries (OR, 1.70; CI, 95% 1.16-2.50; P = .007), and was reduced in active smokers (OR, 0.16 CI, 95% 0.04-0.71; P = .015) or patients with coronary artery disease (OR, 0.65; CI, 95% 0.45-0.92; P = .016). Patients with T2Es had more complications (death, rupture, reintervention, or conversion) (P < .001) and greater aneurysm sac enlargement (>5 mm upon follow-up) (P < .001). Multivariate analysis showed T2E was a risk factor for aneurysm diameter growth >5 mm; this risk was increased if T2E persisted more than 6 months (hazard ratio [HR], 3.16; CI, 95% 2.55-6.03; P < .001), was recurrent (HR, 1.88; CI, 95% 1.18-3.01; P = .008), or associated with a type I or III endoleak (HR, 1.96; CI, 95% 1.41-2.73; P < .001). Recurrent T2E was associated with a higher rate of reintervention (P = .04) and conversion to open surgery (P = .028). CONCLUSIONS: Not all T2Es are benign. Recurrent as well as persistent T2Es are prone to life-threatening complications.

El Batti S; Cochennec F; Roudot-Thoraval F; Becquemin JP

2013-05-01

182

Disparities in outcomes for Hispanic patients undergoing endovascular and open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated racial and ethnic disparities associated with the outcomes of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair, although little is known about the influence of race and ethnicity on the costs associated with these disparities. The current study was undertaken to examine the influence of race and ethnicity on the outcomes of endovascular (EVAR) and open repair (open AAA) of unruptured AAA and its effect on costs in contemporary practice. METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2005 to 2008) was queried using ICD-9-CM codes for unruptured AAA (441.4). The primary outcomes were mortality and total hospital charges. Multivariate analyses were performed adjusting for age, gender, race, comorbidities (Charlson index), year, insurance type, and hospital characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 62,728 patients underwent EVAR and 24,253 patients underwent open AAA. White patients (72%) were more likely to undergo EVAR than Hispanic (69%) or black patients (69%; P = 0.02). On univariate analysis, in-hospital mortality after EVAR was increased in Hispanic patients compared with white patients (1% vs 2%; P = 0.02). There were no differences in mortality after EVAR between white and black patients, and there were no racial or ethnic differences in mortality after open AAA. Hispanic ethnicity remained an independent risk factor for increased mortality after AAA repair on multivariate analysis (RR 1.64; 95% CI [1.05 to 2.57]; P = 0.03). Hispanic ethnicity was associated with increased hospital charges compared with white ethnicity after both EVAR ($108,886 vs $77,748; P < 0.001) and open AAA ($134,356 vs $85,536; P < 0.001) and for black patients after open AAA ($101,168 vs $85,536; P = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Hispanic ethnicity is an independent risk factor for mortality after AAA repair independent of insurance type or hospital characteristics. There were dramatic disparities in hospital costs for Hispanic patients undergoing either EVAR or open AAA and for black patients after open AAA compared with white patients. This observation seems unrelated to length of stay, postoperative complications, and admission status. Further studies are needed to determine whether these disparities extend beyond the primary hospitalization.

Williams TK; Schneider EB; Black JH 3rd; Lum YW; Freischlag JA; Perler BA; Abularrage CJ

2013-01-01

183

Primary endoanchoring in the endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms with an unfavorable neck.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

UNLABELLED: PURPOSE : To investigate the feasibility and early results of endoanchoring (endostapling) using a new commercially available device as an adjunctive procedure during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) with an unfavorable proximal neck. METHODS: Between June 2010 and May 2012, 13 consecutive patients (all men; median age 73 years, range 62-82) were prospectively enrolled in a 2-center registry to follow outcomes of adjunctive primary endoanchoring (Aptus HeliFX Aortic Securement System) of the proximal endograft to enhance proximal graft fixation and sealing during EVAR. Indications for proximal neck endoanchoring included at least one of the following: neck angulation 45° to 90°, length 8 to 15 mm, diameter 29 to 33 mm, conical neck configuration, or an irregularly shaped neck. The median AAA diameter was 56 mm (range 50-98). The Endurant stent-graft was implanted in 4 patients and the Zenith device in 9. RESULTS: A median of 4 endoanchors were implanted per patient (range 3-10) in adjunctive procedures that required a median 12 minutes (range 7-20). Intraoperatively, 2 proximal type I endoleaks were present following endoanchor implantation (85% primary technical success); a cuff was deployed in 1 case, which successfully sealed the endoleak (92% assisted primary technical success). The second proximal type I endoleak was minute and sealed spontaneously within 30 days. No further major device-related complications occurred intraoperatively. In the 30-day perioperative period, the only procedure-related complications were 2 type II endoleaks, which required no intervention. Over a median follow-up of 7 months (range 2-17), no further complications occurred apart from an asymptomatic internal iliac artery occlusion and a non-lethal myocardial infarction at 9 months. The type II endoleaks spontaneously sealed. No endograft migration was noticed nor loss of endoanchor integrity. No deaths occurred throughout follow-up. CONCLUSION: Primary endoanchoring using the HeliFX aortic securement system is feasible, and early results were promising in this series.

Perdikides T; Melas N; Lagios K; Saratzis A; Siafakas A; Bountouris I; Kouris N; Avci M; Van den Heuvel DA; de Vries JP

2012-12-01

184

Estudo comparativo entre tratamento endovascular e cirurgia convencional na correção eletiva de aneurisma de aorta abdominal: revisão bibliográfica/ Endovascular elective treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm versus conventional open repair: a comparative study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O tratamento eletivo do aneurisma de aorta abdominal é recomendado pela alta morbiletalidade decorrente da eventual ruptura. O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar o reparo endovascular eletivo com a cirurgia aberta e avaliar as mortalidades hospitalar e perioperatória, em 1 ano, por todas as causas e relacionadas ao aneurisma, a permanência hospitalar, as complicações, as taxas de sobrevida, conversão e reintervenção, a durabilidade do enxerto, o custo-benefício (more) e a relação desses dados com o treinamento da equipe médica responsável pelo tratamento. Realizou-se uma revisão da literatura sobre reparo endovascular versus cirurgia convencional. Foram observados vantagem na sobrevivência perioperatória e menor estresse pós-cirúrgico; no entanto, os benefícios iniciais são perdidos por complicações e reintervenções tardias. Trabalhos baseados nas primeiras gerações de endopróteses superestimam as taxas de mortalidade em curto prazo, complicações e reintervenções. A durabilidade do enxerto, a real vantagem na sobrevida e o custo-benefício são incertos, e outros estudos são necessários para o seguimento em longo prazo. Abstract in english The elective treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm is recommended due to the high morbidity and mortality of a possible rupture. The objective of this study was to compare the elective endovascular aneurysm repair with open repair and to analyze the in-hospital and perioperative mortality rate during 1 year related to all causes and to the aneurysm, as well as the postoperative length of hospital stay, complications, survival rates, conversion and reintervention, gra (more) ft durability, cost-benefit ratio, and relation with the medical team?s experience. A review of the scientific literature about endovascular versus open repair was carried out. We found a higher rate of perioperative survival and less postoperative stress; nevertheless, the initial benefits were lost due to late complications and reinterventions. First-generation endografts overestimated the early results of mortality rates, complications, and reinterventions. Endograft durability, real advantage of survival rates, and cost-benefits are uncertain and further long-term follow-up studies are necessary.

Simão, Ana Carolina P.; Gonçalves, Ana Carolina de Alencar; Paulino, Milena Miguita; Oliveira, Renata Barbosa de; Polli, Camila Aparecida; Fratezi, Ayrton Cássio

2009-12-01

185

Non-invasiv, Multi Detector Row (MDR) based Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis of hemodynamics in infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) before and after endovascular repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Simulation, description and analysis of dynamic pressure in infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) before and after endovascular repair. Materials and Methods: During March 1996 and May 2001, 13 patients with AAA underwent endovascular treatment. The MDR-CT scans of these patients were used for the non-invasive analysis of the hemodynamics in the aorta with CFD software before and after endovascular repair. One pre-interventional and three post-interventional CT scans were analyzed for each patient. Results: Compared to the pre-interventional simulation, endovascular treatment led to an average dynamic pressure decrease of 1057 Pa in 10 of 13 patients. During the subsequent course, the median of the dynamic pressure decreased in 8 of 13 patients. Vulnerable regions initially identified as high-pressure regions, like the docking area or the second stent limb, adapted to the pressure in the surrounding tissue in the course of time. (orig.)

2004-01-01

186

Impact of study design on outcome after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. A comparison between the randomized controlled DREAM-trial and the observational EUROSTAR-registry.  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) can be treated by transfemoral endovascular intervention and by conventional open surgery. Level-one evidence of the safety and efficacy of one treatment mode over the other is only provided by a randomised controlled trial (RCT). Results reported by vol...

Leurs, LJ; Buth, J; Harris, PL; Blankensteijn, JD

187

Health Related Quality of Life after Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Open and Endovascular Techniques—A Two-Year Follow Up  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Patients with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm can be treated with two different surgical methods: Open repair (OR) or Endovascular Aortic Repair (EVAR). These two different treatments can probably result in different sense of Health related Quality of life, both in a short term and a long term...

Monica Pettersson; Ingegerd Bergbom; Erney Mattsson

188

Construction of a canine endoleak model in the course of endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To design an experimental model of endoleak after endovascular exclusion (EVE). Methods: Infrarenal aortic aneurysms were created with bovine jugular vein segments or patches. Then they were undergone endovascular stent graft exclusion of the aneurysm. Using modification of prosthetic vessel and changing the attachment site, endoleaks were formed during the course of aneurysm exclusion. Results: All the 6 aneurysms possessed satisfactory configuration just as clinical patterns. Intraoperative arteriography revealed endoleaks in 5 dogs after the exclusion, two of which were proximal and three were distal. Conclusions: The experiment shows the hemodynamics and treatment of endoleak for EVE

2003-01-01

189

Tratamento endovascular da oclusão de ramo ilíaco de endoprótese bifurcada de aorta abdominal: trombectomia rotativa e aspirativa seguida de angioplastia com stent primário/ Endovascular treatment of iliac limb occlusion of a bifurcated abdominal aortic stent graft: rotational and aspiration thrombectomy followed by primary angioplasty and stenting  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A oclusão de ramo ilíaco de endoprótese bifurcada de aorta surge como complicação decorrente da correção endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal e várias abordagens terapêuticas têm sido empregadas para o tratamento dessa complicação em casos de isquemia de membro inferior. Apresentamos dois casos de tratamento totalmente percutâneo da oclusão de ramo ilíaco de endoprótese de aorta abdominal com dispositivo de trombectomia rotativa e aspirativa seguida de angioplastia com stent primário, sem complicações operatórias. Abstract in english Iliac limb occlusion of bifurcated aortic stent graft appears as complication of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and several therapeutic approaches have been used to treat this problem in cases of lower limb ischemia. In two cases a totally endovascular approach was used to treat the limb occlusion by means of rotational and aspiration thrombectomy, followed by stenting. In both cases there were no postoperative complications.

Oliveira, Fabio Augusto Cypreste; Campedelli, Fabio Lemos; Amorelli, Carlos Eduardo de Sousa; Costa Filho, José Eduardo da; Gibbon, Daniel Resende; Barreto, Juliana Caetano; Silva, Philippe Moreira da

2012-09-01

190

Tratamento endovascular da oclusão de ramo ilíaco de endoprótese bifurcada de aorta abdominal: trombectomia rotativa e aspirativa seguida de angioplastia com stent primário Endovascular treatment of iliac limb occlusion of a bifurcated abdominal aortic stent graft: rotational and aspiration thrombectomy followed by primary angioplasty and stenting  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A oclusão de ramo ilíaco de endoprótese bifurcada de aorta surge como complicação decorrente da correção endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal e várias abordagens terapêuticas têm sido empregadas para o tratamento dessa complicação em casos de isquemia de membro inferior. Apresentamos dois casos de tratamento totalmente percutâneo da oclusão de ramo ilíaco de endoprótese de aorta abdominal com dispositivo de trombectomia rotativa e aspirativa seguida de angioplastia com stent primário, sem complicações operatórias.Iliac limb occlusion of bifurcated aortic stent graft appears as complication of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and several therapeutic approaches have been used to treat this problem in cases of lower limb ischemia. In two cases a totally endovascular approach was used to treat the limb occlusion by means of rotational and aspiration thrombectomy, followed by stenting. In both cases there were no postoperative complications.

Fabio Augusto Cypreste Oliveira; Fabio Lemos Campedelli; Carlos Eduardo de Sousa Amorelli; José Eduardo da Costa Filho; Daniel Resende Gibbon; Juliana Caetano Barreto; Philippe Moreira da Silva

2012-01-01

191

The Morphological Applicability of a Novel Endovascular Aneurysm Sealing (EVAS) System (Nellix) in Patients with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Endovascular aneurysm sealing (EVAS) using the Nellix system is a promising alternative to endovascular repair (EVR) and open surgery for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). The aim of this study was to investigate the proportion of patients with AAA who are morphologically suitable for treatment with Nellix. METHODS: Patients presenting with AAA were investigated at two regionalised vascular units. Separate cohorts were identified, who had undergone infrarenal EVR, open aneurysm repair, fenestrated endovascular repair (FEVR) or non-operative management. Pre-operative morphology was quantified using three-dimensional computed tomography according to a validated protocol. Each aneurysm was assessed for compliance with the instructions for use (IFU) of Nellix RESULTS: 776 patients were identified with mean age 75 ± 9 years. 730/776 (94.1%) had undergone infrarenal EVR, 6/776 (0.8%) open repair, 27/776 (3.5%) FEVR and 13/776 (1.7%) had been managed non-operatively. 544/776 (70.1%) of all AAA were morphologically suitable for Nellix. 533/730 (73.0%) of patients who had undergone infrarenal EVR were compliant with Nellix IFU, compared with 497/730 (68.1%), 379/730 (51.9%) and 214/730 (29.3%) with the IFU for Medtronic Endurant (p = .04) or Cook Zenith (p < .01) and Gore C3 Excluder (p < .01) endografts respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Nellix technology appears widely applicable to contemporary infrarenal AAA practice, and may provide an option for patients that are outside current EVR device instructions for use. However, formal outcomes study is still required, and will ultimately dictate the clinical relevance of this feasibility study. The major limitation to anatomic suitability for Nellix is currently the maximum patent lumen diameter of large AAA.

Karthikesalingam A; Cobb RJ; Khoury A; Choke EC; Sayers RD; Holt PJ; Thompson MM

2013-10-01

192

Ligadura videolaparoscópica da artéria mesentérica inferior como tratamento de endoleak persistente após correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal/ Videolaparoscopic ligation of inferior mesenteric artery as a treatment of persistent endoleak after endoluminal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Videolaparoscopy has been widely used in the treatment of pathologies as cholelithiasis, appendicitis and adrenal tumor. Nowadays, has also been used to treat type II endoleaks after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. The goal of this work is to report one case of inferior mesenteric artery endoleak treated by videolaparoscopy.

Espinosa, Gaudencio; Madureira, Delta; Mendes, Warley Dias Siqueira

2002-04-01

193

Comparison of long-term survival after open vs endovascular repair of intact abdominal aortic aneurysm among Medicare beneficiaries.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

CONTEXT: Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) compared with open repair increases perioperative survival, but it is not known if it increases long-term survival. OBJECTIVE: To compare long-term outcomes after open vs endovascular repair of AAA. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: Retrospective analysis of patients 65 years or older in the Medicare Standard Analytic File, 2003-2007, who underwent isolated repair of intact AAA. Cause of death was determined from the National Death Index. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Secondary outcomes were AAA-related mortality, hospital length of stay, 1-year readmission, repeat AAA repair, incisional hernia repair, and lower extremity amputation. RESULTS: Of 4529 included patients, 703 were classified as having undergone open repair and 3826 as having undergone endovascular repair. Mean and median follow-up times were 2.6 (SD, 1.5) and 2.5 (interquartile range, 2.4) years, respectively. In unadjusted analysis, both all-cause mortality (173 vs 752; 89 vs 76/1000 person-years, P = .04) and AAA-specific mortality (22 vs 28; 11.3 vs 2.8/1000 person-years, P < .001) were higher after open vs endovascular repair. After adjusting for emergency admission, age, calendar year, sex, race, and comorbidities, there was a higher risk of both all-cause mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 1.24 [95% CI, 1.05-1.47]; P = .01) and AAA-related mortality (HR, 4.37 [95% CI, 2.51-7.66]; P < .001) after open vs endovascular repair. The adjusted hospital length of stay was, on average, 6.5 days (95% CI, 6.0-7.0 days, P < .001) longer after open repair (mean, 10.4 days), compared with endovascular repair (mean, 3.6 days). Incidence of incisional hernia repair was higher after open AAA repair (19 vs 23; 12 vs 3 per 1000 person-years; adjusted HR, 4.45 [95% CI, 2.37-8.34, P < .001]), whereas the incidence of 1-year readmission (188 vs 1070; 274 vs 376/1000 person-years; adjusted HR, 0.96 [95% CI, 0.85-1.09, P = .52]), repeat AAA repair (15 vs 93; 9.7 vs 12.3/1000 person-years; adjusted HR, 0.80 [95% CI, 0.46-1.38, P = .42]), and lower extremity amputation (3 vs 25; 1.9 vs 3.3/1000 person-years; adjusted HR, 0.55 [95% CI, 0.16-1.86, P = .34]) did not differ by repair type. CONCLUSION: Among older patients with isolated intact AAA, use of open repair compared with endovascular repair was associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality and AAA-related mortality.

Jackson RS; Chang DC; Freischlag JA

2012-04-01

194

Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair under General Anesthesia Does Not Decrease Perioperative Myocardial Ischemic Events Compared with Open Repair  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a common procedure for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), based on minimal invasiveness compared with open surgical repair (OSR). However, general anesthesia can cause considerable perturbations in patients with AAA undergoing operative repair. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of myocardial ischemic events in association with hemodynamic changes during EVAR and OSR under general anesthesia. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the anesthetic and medical records of patients who underwent elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. ST segment changes on electrocardiography and hemodynamic changes were reviewed by the attending physicians. Results: Among 120 patients, EVAR and OSR were performed in 81 and 39 patients, respectively. There were no significant differences in preoperative morbidity between the two groups. The amount of estimated blood loss was significantly lower in EVAR than OSR. The incidence of ST segment changes in the two groups (EVAR: 16%, OSR: 23%) was not statistically different. ST segment changes occurred mainly postoperatively at resolution of anesthesia in EVAR, compared with intraoperatively in OSR. ST segment changes were mostly accompanied by tachycardia in EVAR patients, whereas they were associated with hypotension in OSR. Conclusion: Our results demonstrated a comparable incidence of perioperative ST segment changes under general anesthesia in EVAR and OSR. Patients who undergo EVAR and develop tachycardia are at risk of myocardial ischemia at resolution of anesthesia.

Noriko Nanishi; Ken Yamaura; Katsuyuki Matsushita; Kozaburo Akiyoshi; Yuji Karashima; Midoriko Higashi; Sumio Hoka

2013-01-01

195

Preoperative echocardiographic predictors for 1-year mortality in patients treated with standard endovascular aneurysm repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and cardiovascular disease are intimately associated, the latter representing the most common cause of death in Sweden. Cardiac complications are held responsible for the majority of perioperative morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing repair of AAA. The importance of preoperative thorough cardiac assessment is therefore obvious. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of preoperative echocardiographic findings for 1-year mortality after elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of infrarenal AAA. Design: Retrospective analysis. Methods: The 505 patients were identified in a prospective database for endovascular interventions between 1998 and 2011, and data were retrieved from patient records. Preoperative echocardiography reports in 380 patients were reviewed and findings were notified according to a predefined protocol. Results: The 1-year mortality rate was 6.7%. Severe valve disease was present in 8.7% of the patients, aortic valve stenosis being the leading cause of valve pathology. Severe valve disease (OR 3.5, 95% CI [1.2 - 10.7]; p = 0.025) and chronic kidney disease grade ? 3 (OR 7.5, 95% CI [2.1 - 26.1]; p = 0.002) were the only independent risk factors for increased mortality rate at 1-year. Conclusion: Echocardiography should be a part of the preoperative workup in AAA patients. Finding of severe valve disease should be further evaluated by a cardiologist prior to EVAR.

Tomas Ohrlander; Magnus Dencker; Stefan Acosta

2013-01-01

196

Technical and clinical success of infrarenal endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: A 10-year single-center experience  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: The aim of our retrospective study was to review our single-center experience with aortic abdominal aneurysm (AAA) repair retrospectively. Material and methods: From 1995 to 2005, 70 consecutive patients affected by AAA were treated by endovascular stent-graft repair. Mean follow-up was 23.9 months. Follow-up investigations were performed at 6 and 12 months and yearly thereafter. Five different stent-graft designs were compared to each other. Primary technical success (PTS), assisted primary technical success (APTS), primary clinical success (PCS) and secondary clinical success (SCS) were evaluated. Results: All over PTS was achieved in 94.3%, APTS in 97.1%, PCS in 61.4%, APCS in 64.3% and SCS in 70%. There were 3 type I endoleaks, 25 type II endoleaks, 4 type III endoleaks, 8 limb problems, 5 conversions to open surgery, 10 aneurysm sac expansions and 14 device migrations. Patients with newer generation devices showed better results than patients with first generation prosthesis. In addition results were better for grafts with suprarenal fixation (versus infrarenal fixation) and grafts with barbs and hooks (versus grafts without barbs and hooks). Patients with bad anatomic preconditions showed a higher complication rate. Conclusion: Contrary to first generation products, new stent-graft designs show acceptable technical and clinical results in endovascular AAA aneurysm repair. However, this therapy still should be reserved only for patients with significant comorbities and suitable anatomic conditions.

1995-01-00

197

Assessment of value of spiral CT in preoperative evaluation of endovascular graft exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: The assess the value of spiral CT (SCT) in preoperative evaluation of endovascular graft exclusion (EVGE) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Methods: 41 case with AAA received SCT scanning. Two and three dimensional images were reconstructed, utilizing the shaded surface display (SSD), maximum-intensity Projection (MIP) and multiplanar reformation (MPR). Information were obtained regarding the size and features of AAA, length and diameters of aneurysm's neck, status of the branches of aorta, etc. Results: Nine patients had spinal CT study prior EVGE procedure and the grafts selected according to the parameters obtained by SCT matched perfectly to the needs of deployment. Conclusion: CTA provides high quality images. It is a high-speed and non-invasive method which can provide three-dimensional images of AAA and its main branches and all the parameters needed in EVGE

1998-01-01

198

Staged total abdominal debranching and thoracic endovascular aortic repair for thoracoabdominal aneurysm.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs) occur most commonly in elderly individuals, who are often suboptimal candidates for open repair because of significant comorbidities. The availability of a hybrid option, including open visceral debranching with endovascular aneurysm exclusion, may have advantages in these patients who are at high-risk for conventional repair. This report details the evolution of our technique and results with complete visceral debranching and endovascular aneurysm exclusion for TAAA repair in high-risk patients. METHODS: Between March 2005 and June 2011, 47 patients (51% women) underwent extra-anatomic debranching of all visceral vessels, followed by aneurysm exclusion by endovascular means at a single institution. A median of four visceral vessels were bypassed. The debranching procedure was initially performed through a partial right medial visceral rotation approach, leaving the left kidney posterior in the first 22 patients, and in the last 25 by a direct anterior approach to the visceral vessels. The debranching and endovascular portions of the procedure were performed in a single operation in the initial 33 patients and as a staged procedure during a single hospital stay in the most recent 14. RESULTS: Median patient age was 71.0 ± 9.8 years. All had significant comorbidity and were considered suboptimal candidates for conventional repair: 55% had undergone previous aortic surgery, 40% were American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class 4, and baseline serum creatinine was 1.5 ± 1.3 mg/dL. The 30-day/in-hospital rates of death, stroke, and permanent paraparesis/plegia were 8.5%, 0%, and 4.3%, respectively, but 0% in the most recent 14 patients undergoing staged repair. These patients had significantly shorter combined operative times (314 vs 373 minutes), decreased intraoperative red blood cell transfusions (350 vs 1400 mL), and were more likely to be extubated in the operating room (50% vs 12%) compared with patients undergoing simultaneous repair. Over a median follow-up of 19.3 ± 18.5 months, visceral graft patency was 97%; all occluded limbs were to renal vessels and clinically silent. There have been no type I or III endoleaks or reinterventions. Kaplan-Meier overall survival is 70.7% at 2 years and 57.9% at 5 years. CONCLUSIONS: Hybrid TAAA repair through complete visceral debranching and endovascular aneurysm exclusion is a good option for elderly high-risk patients less suited to conventional repair in centers with the requisite surgical expertise with visceral revascularization. A staged approach to debranching and endovascular aneurysm exclusion during a single hospitalization appears to yield optimal results.

Hughes GC; Barfield ME; Shah AA; Williams JB; Kuchibhatla M; Hanna JM; Andersen ND; McCann RL

2012-09-01

199

Endovascular repair of bilateral common iliac artery aneurysms following open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair with preservation of both hypogastric arteries using commercially available stent grafts.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Endovascular treatment of aneurysmal disease has become the predominant form of repair for all aneurysms. Some areas continue to pose specific challenges to stay within the general tenets of successful repair, mainly achieving adequate seal without sacrificing other arterial pathways. Following aortic aneurysm repair, the common iliac arteries can continue to have aneurysmal degeneration. We present a case of bilateral common iliac artery aneurysms that presented 9 years after open repair of an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in conjunction with an extensive aortic dissection. These were repaired using endovascular techniques with preservation of both hypogastric arteries.

Cuff R; Banegas S; Mansour A; Chambers C; Wong P; Slaikeu J

2013-05-01

200

TRATAMIENTO ENDOVASCULAR DE LA COARTACIÓN AÓRTICA NATIVA Y RECURRENTE EN PACIENTES MAYORES DE 4 AÑOS: RESULTADOS Y COMPLICACIONES/ ENDOVASCULAR REPAIR OF NATIVE AND RECURRENT AORTIC COARCTATION IN PATIENTS OLDER THAN 4 YEARS OF AGE  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Reportar nuestra experiencia en el tratamiento endovascular de la Coartación Aórtica (CoAo). Métodos: Se revisaron los registros clínicos de los pacientes mayores de 4 años intervenidos por una CoAo nativa o recoartación en el Hospital Clínico de la Universidad Católica entre los años 2007 y 2012. Se realizaron estadísticas descriptivas y se utilizó el test de Wilcoxon signed rank, con una p (more) nciones en pacientes con CoAo. El promedio de edad fue 20.6 años (5 - 64); 8 (30%) eran mujeres y 8 (30%) menores de 14 años. Quince pacientes (55%) tenían una cardiopatía congénita asociada, de los cuales 9 (33%) tenían válvula aórtica bicúspide, 3 (11%) una comunicación interventricular (CIV) y 3 coexistencia de ambas entidades (11%). Nueve (33%) pacientes eran hipertensos. En 20 (74%) pacientes la intervención fue sobre una coartación aórtica nativa y en 7 (26%) sobre una recoartación (2 con cirugía previa y 5 con angioplas-tia anterior). Se implantó un stent en 23 (85%) pacientes y se utilizó sólo balón en 4 (15%). En 26 pacientes (96%) se logró una reducción del gradiente a menos de 20 mmHg (gradiente pre 32 vs gradiente post 6 mmHg, p Abstract in english Aim: There is an increasing interest in the endovascular therapy of both native and recurrent aortic coarcta-tion (Aco). In this article we report the results of endo-vascular treatment of ACo in children and adults at our institution, from 2007 to 2012. Method and Results: The clinical, angiographic and hemodynamic data of all patients submitted to endovascular repair of ACo at the Endovascular Therapy Center of the Catholic University Hospital were reviewed. Children un (more) der 4 years of age were excluded. A total of 27 subjects were included. Mean age was 20.6 years (range 5-64); 30% were females and 30% were under 14 years of age. 15 patients had associated congenital defects: bicuspid aortic valve ( 9), VSD (3), or both VSD and bicuspid aortic valve (3). Hypertension was present in 33% of patients. 74% had endovas-cular repair of a native Aco and 26% of a re-coarctation (2 of them post surgical treatment and 5 post endovas-cular repair). 85% of cases had stent implantation. Repair resulted in a significant (p

Valdebenito, Martín; Martínez, Alejandro; Martínez, Gonzalo; Veas, Nicolás; Lindefjeld, Dante; Garay, Francisco; Heusser, Felipe; Springmüller, Daniel; Fajuri, Alejandro; Flores, Alejandra; Vergara, Francisco

2013-01-01

 
 
 
 
201

Hepatorenal bypass allowing fenestrated endovascular repair of juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm: a case report.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

A 61-year-old man presented with a 66-mm juxtarenal aortic aneurysm. He was unfit for open repair. The anatomical proximity of his right renal artery (RRA) and his superior mesenteric artery (SMA) precluded fabrication of an endograft allowing perfusion of both vessels. He underwent a hepato-renal bypass to his RRA and subsequent fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using an endoprosthesis with fenestrations for the SMA and the left renal artery (LRA), and a scallop for the coeliac trunk. Follow-up imaging showed all visceral vessels to be perfused. The use of this limited hybrid approach allows endovascular treatment of aneurysms that are initially unsuitable for such an approach.

Lerussi G; O'Brien N; Sessa C; D'Elia P; Sobocinski J; Perrot C; Azzaoui R; Haulon S

2010-03-01

202

Hepatorenal bypass allowing fenestrated endovascular repair of juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm: a case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 61-year-old man presented with a 66-mm juxtarenal aortic aneurysm. He was unfit for open repair. The anatomical proximity of his right renal artery (RRA) and his superior mesenteric artery (SMA) precluded fabrication of an endograft allowing perfusion of both vessels. He underwent a hepato-renal bypass to his RRA and subsequent fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using an endoprosthesis with fenestrations for the SMA and the left renal artery (LRA), and a scallop for the coeliac trunk. Follow-up imaging showed all visceral vessels to be perfused. The use of this limited hybrid approach allows endovascular treatment of aneurysms that are initially unsuitable for such an approach. PMID:19945314

Lerussi, G; O'Brien, N; Sessa, C; D'Elia, P; Sobocinski, J; Perrot, C; Azzaoui, R; Haulon, S

2009-11-27

203

A 10-year single-center prospective study of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair with the talent stent-graft.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: To report a 10-year prospective study of patients submitted to endovascular treatment for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). METHODS: Between June 1997 and June 2007, 337 patients (284 men; mean age 72.5+/-7.4 years, range 52-89) with AAA underwent endovascular aneurysm treatment (EVAR) with implantation of Talent stent-grafts. The mean AAA diameter was 59.0+/-14.4 mm. All patients were clinically followed using computed tomography in the immediate post surgery period (15-30 days), after 6 months, and yearly thereafter. Plain abdominal radiography was performed yearly to assess the metallic components of the stent-grafts. Data concerning endoleaks, secondary procedures, and aneurysm diameter behavior were evaluated. Survival was evaluated using Kaplan-Meier estimates. RESULTS: Endoprosthesis implantations were successful in 99.1% (334/337). There were 2 surgical conversions, and the delivery system could not be inserted in 1 female patient. The perioperative mortality was 3.9% (n = 13). Nineteen (5.7%) aneurysms showed endoleaks during the first 30 days (6 type I and 13 type II); 5 type I and 3 type II endoleaks were repaired (secondary clinical success of 92.6%). Another 15 late endoleaks were detected (4 type I, 5 type II, 3 type III, 1 type IV, 2 endotension), for a total of 34 (10.2%) endoleaks. Follow-up (mean 58.7 months, range 12-120) was available in 273 (81.0%) patients. During this time, there were 2 (0.7%) aneurysm ruptures, 1 due to type III endoleak and the other to endotension. Over the course of the study, 75 patients died; the estimated survival rates by the Kaplan-Meyer analysis were 67.3% after 5 years and 54.2% after 7 years. The mean AAA diameter decreased to 45.7+/-18.4 mm (p<0.001 versus mean postoperative diameter) at 60 months and to 37.8+/-15.0 mm at 120 months (p<0.019). CONCLUSION: Endovascular aneurysm treatment with the Talent stent-graft has proven to be effective in the prevention of AAA rupture into the long term.

Espinosa G; Ribeiro Alves M; Ferreira Caramalho M; Dzieciuchowicz L; Santos SR

2009-04-01

204

Endoleakage after endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: diagnosis, significance and treatment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Endoleak, also called leakage, leak and Perigraft leak, is a major complication and its persistence represents a failure of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. Its detection and treatment is therefore of primary importance, since endoleak can be associated with pressurization (increase in pressure) of the sac, resulting in expansion and rupture of the aneurysm. The aim of this paper is to discuss the definition, significance, diagnosis and different options to treat endoleak. (orig.)

Golzarian, Jafar [University of Iowa, University of Iowa Heath Care, IA (United States); Valenti, David [McGill University, Royal Victoria Hospital, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal (Canada)

2006-12-15

205

Percutaneous Transabdominal Approach for the Treatment of Endoleaks after Endovascular Repair of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical feasibility and clinical efficacy of percutaneous transabdominal treatment of endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair. Between 2000 and 2007, six patients with type I (n = 4) or II (n = 2) endoleaks were treated by the percutaneous transabdominal approach using embolization with N-butyl cyanoacrylate with or without coils. Five patients underwent a single session and one patient had two sessions of embolization. The median time between aneurysm repair and endoleak treatment was 25.5 months (range: 0-84 months). Follow-up CT images were evaluated for changes in the size and shape of the aneurysm sac and presence or resolution of endoleaks. The median follow-up after endoleak treatment was 16.4 months (range: 0-37 months). Technical success was achieved in all six patients. Clinical success was achieved in four patients with complete resolution of the endoleak confirmed by follow-up CT. Clinical failure was observed in two patients. One eventually underwent surgical conversion, and the other was lost to follow-up. There were no procedure-related complications. The percutaneous transabdominal approach for the treatment of type I or II endoleaks, after endovascular aneurysm repair, is an alternative method when conventional endovascular methods have failed

2010-01-01

206

Percutaneous Transabdominal Approach for the Treatment of Endoleaks after Endovascular Repair of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical feasibility and clinical efficacy of percutaneous transabdominal treatment of endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair. Between 2000 and 2007, six patients with type I (n = 4) or II (n = 2) endoleaks were treated by the percutaneous transabdominal approach using embolization with N-butyl cyanoacrylate with or without coils. Five patients underwent a single session and one patient had two sessions of embolization. The median time between aneurysm repair and endoleak treatment was 25.5 months (range: 0-84 months). Follow-up CT images were evaluated for changes in the size and shape of the aneurysm sac and presence or resolution of endoleaks. The median follow-up after endoleak treatment was 16.4 months (range: 0-37 months). Technical success was achieved in all six patients. Clinical success was achieved in four patients with complete resolution of the endoleak confirmed by follow-up CT. Clinical failure was observed in two patients. One eventually underwent surgical conversion, and the other was lost to follow-up. There were no procedure-related complications. The percutaneous transabdominal approach for the treatment of type I or II endoleaks, after endovascular aneurysm repair, is an alternative method when conventional endovascular methods have failed.

Choi, Sun Young; Lee, Do Yun; Lee, Kwang Hun [Severance Hospital, University of Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Won, Jong Yun [Gangnam Severance Hospital, University of Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Dong Hoon; Shim, Won Heum [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2010-02-15

207

Early outcomes of open abdominal repair versus endovascular repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm: report from national hospital organization network study in Japan.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Objective: Early outcomes of open abdominal repair (OS) versus endovascular repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm were retrospectively analyzed, after commercialized devices for EVAR had become available in Japan. Patients and Methods: A total of 781 consecutive patients (OS, n = 522; EVAR, n = 259) were treated at ten medical centers between January 2008 and September 2010. The OS group comprised patients with preoperative shock (SOS, n = 34) and without shock (NOS, n = 488). Results: Patients in the EVAR group were 3 years older than those in the NOS group. There was greater prevalence of hostile abdomen, on dialysis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on inhaled drug, and cerebrovascular disease in the EVAR group than in the NOS group. Surgical mortality was 16 cases (2.0% in all patients, EVAR: 0.8%, NOS: 1.4%, SOS: 21%). Hospital stay >30 days was documented in 52 (11%) with NOS, 11 (33%) with SOS, and 8 (3%) with EVAR. Thirty late deaths included 6 aneurysm related death and 14 cardiovascular causes at a mean follow up of 1.0 year. The survival rates freedom from all cause death at one year, were 95 ± 1% in NOS and 94 ± 2% in EVAR respectively. Conclusion: Though significant differences in patient characteristics among three groups were noted, early results were satisfactory.

Handa N; Onohara T; Okamoto M; Yamamoto T; Shimoe Y; Okada M; Ishibashi Y; Yamashita M; Takahashi T; Kasashima F; Kishimoto J; Mizuno A; Kei J; Nakai M; Suhara H; Endo M; Nishina T; Furuyama T; Kawasaki M; Mikasa K; Ueno Y

2012-01-01

208

Lessons learnt from the EUROSTAR registry on endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: The EUROSTAR project is a multicentred database of the outcome of endovascular repair of infra-renal aortic aneurysms. To date 92 European centres of vascular surgery have contributed. The purpose of the article here is to review the medium term (up to 4 years) results of endovascular aneurysm repair as reported to Eurostar. Patients and methods: Patients intended for endovascular aneurysm repair were notified to the EUROSTAR Data Registry Centre before treatment in order to eliminate bias due to selective reporting. The following data was collected on all patients: (1) their demographic details and the anatomical characteristics of their aneurysms, (2) details of the endovascular device used, (3) procedural complications and the immediate outcome, (4) results of contrast enhanced CT imaging at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months after operation and at yearly intervals thereafter, (5) all adverse events. Life table analysis was performed to determine the cumulative rates of: (1) death from all causes, (2) secondary intervention. Risk factors for rupture and late conversion were identified by regression analysis. Results: By July 2000, 2862 patients had been registered and their median duration of follow-up was 12 mo (range 0-72). Successful deployment was achieved in 2812 patients with a perioperative (30 day) mortality of 2.9%. In 2464 patients enrolled by March 2000 late rupture of the aneurysm occurred in 14 patients for an annual cumulative rate of 1%. The significant factors were proximal type I endoleak (P=0.001), midgraft (type III) endoleak (P=0.001), graft migration (P=0.001) and post-operative kinking of the endograft (P=0.001). Forty-one patients had late conversion to open repair for an annual cumulative rate (risk) of approximately 2.1%. Risk factors (indications) for late conversion were: proximal type I endoleak (P=0.001), midgraft (type III) endoleak (P=0.001), type II endoleak (P=0.003), graft migration (P=0.001), graft kinking (P=0.001) and distal type I endoleak (P=0.001). Conclusions: Endovascular repair of infra-renal aortic aneurysms using the first and second-generation devices that predominated in this study was associated with a risk of late failure of 3% per year, based upon an analysis of observed primary endpoints of rupture and conversion. Eurostar continues to provide responsible evaluation of the technique for the benefit of both physicians and the industry.

2001-01-01

209

Correlation between intrasac pressure measurements of a pressure sensor and an angiographic catheter during endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english PURPOSE: To establish a correlation between intrasac pressure measurements of a pressure sensor and an angiographic catheter placed in the same aneurysm sac before and after its exclusion by an endoprosthesis. METHODS: Patients who underwent endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and received an EndoSureTM wireless pressure sensor implant between March 19 and December 11, 2004 were enrolled in the study. Simultaneous readings of systolic, diastolic, mean, and pulse (more) pressure within the aneurysm sac were obtained from the catheter and the sensor, both before and after sac exclusion by the endoprosthesis (Readings 1 and 2, respectively). Intrasac pressure measurements were compared using Pearson's correlation and Student's t test. Statistical significance was set at p0.05), mean (p>0.05), and pulse (p0.05) by the sensor. CONCLUSION: The excellent agreement between intrasac pressure readings recorded by the catheter and the sensor justifies use of the latter for detection of post-exclusion abdominal aortic aneurysm pressurization.

Silveira, Pierre Galvagni; Miller, Christopher William Teixeira; Mendes, Rafael Freygang; Galego, Gilberto Nascimento

2008-01-01

210

Correlation between intrasac pressure measurements of a pressure sensor and an angiographic catheter during endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available PURPOSE: To establish a correlation between intrasac pressure measurements of a pressure sensor and an angiographic catheter placed in the same aneurysm sac before and after its exclusion by an endoprosthesis. METHODS: Patients who underwent endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and received an EndoSureTM wireless pressure sensor implant between March 19 and December 11, 2004 were enrolled in the study. Simultaneous readings of systolic, diastolic, mean, and pulse pressure within the aneurysm sac were obtained from the catheter and the sensor, both before and after sac exclusion by the endoprosthesis (Readings 1 and 2, respectively). Intrasac pressure measurements were compared using Pearson's correlation and Student's t test. Statistical significance was set at p0.05), mean (p>0.05), and pulse (p0.05) by the sensor. CONCLUSION: The excellent agreement between intrasac pressure readings recorded by the catheter and the sensor justifies use of the latter for detection of post-exclusion abdominal aortic aneurysm pressurization.

Pierre Galvagni Silveira; Christopher William Teixeira Miller; Rafael Freygang Mendes; Gilberto Nascimento Galego

2008-01-01

211

Graft Distortion After Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Association with Sac Morphology and Mid-Term Complications  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To investigate the incidence, significance, and mechanism of stent-graft distortion after endovascular repair (EVR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm.Methods: EVR of abdominal aortic aneurysm was performed in 51 cases (49 modular, bifurcated; 2 tube). Thirty-two patients were followed for 6 or more months and had equivalent baseline and follow-up images which could be used to determine changes in graft configuration. Sac dimensions were measured using computed tomographic (CT) images and graft-related complications were recorded.Results: Amongst 32 patients evaluated on follow-up, there was graft distortion in 24. Distorted grafts were significantly (p= 0.002) associated with sac diameter reduction (mean 5 mm) and sac length reduction (mean 8.1 mm). All graft-related complications occurred in the limbs of eight distorted grafts, with a mean reduction of sac length in this group of 7.8 mm on reformatted CT images.Conclusion: There was a highly significant association between graft distortion and limb complications, and reduced sac dimensions.

2000-01-01

212

[Heart failure as an independent prognostic factor for endovascular method of abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been accepted as an alternative to traditional open surgery in selected patients. Now it is a widely accepted standard. In case of contraindications for open repair, after accomplishing including criteria for EVAR, the patient can be treated by this method. Despite the minimally invasiveness of this treatment, several complications may occur during or after EVAR. Complications arise from the limitations of the method and improper patient selection. We report a case of patient with heart failure and complications after EVAR.

Dziekiewicz M; Maci?g R; Wojtaszek M; Or?owski T; Witkowski A; Maruszy?ski M

2013-01-01

213

Endovascular Treatment of a Ruptured Para-Anastomotic Aneurysm of the Abdominal Aorta  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report a case of a ruptured para-anastomotic aortic aneurysm treated with implantation of a bifurcated stent-graft. A 72-year-old patient, who had undergone aortobifemoral bypass for aortoiliac occlusive disease 16 years ago, presented with a ruptured para-anastomotic aortic aneurysm. A bifurcated stent-graft was successfully deployed into the old bifurcated graft. This is the first report of a bifurcated stent-graft being placed through an 'end-to-side' anastomosed old aortobifemoral graft. Endovascular treatment of ruptured para-anastomotic aortic aneurysms can be accomplished successfully, avoiding open surgery which is associated with increased mortality and morbidity.

2008-01-01

214

Improved results in the management of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm may not be on the basis of endovascular aneurysm repair alone.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Recent improvement in the survival of patients presenting with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) has been credited to endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). We present our clinical series in the management of rAAA from 2007 to 2011. A total of 55 consecutive patient charts were reviewed. Thirty-eight patients underwent EVAR, 17 of the 55 patients did not have favorable anatomy for EVAR. Nine of the 17 patients underwent standard open repair. Eight patients underwent a 'hybrid repair' defined as suprarenal aortic endovascular balloon control followed by open repair. Overall 30-day mortality for all 55 patients was 22%. Mortality for the patients managed by endovascular aortic aneurysm repair was 26% compared with 22% with open repair. There were no deaths in the eight patients undergoing the hybrid repair. Endovascular balloon control of the aorta followed by open rAAA repair in patients who are not candidates for rEVAR has produced good results in our experience. Improved results being reported in the management of rAAA may not be on the basis of endovascular repair alone.

Mukherjee D; Kfoury E; Schmidt K; Waked T; Hashemi H

2013-03-01

215

Transrenal E-XL stenting to resolve or prevent type Ia endoleak in the case of severe neck angulation during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

During endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, a severely angulated neck can make proximal sealing of endografts challenging, and the occurrence of a type Ia endoleak can complicate the procedure. We describe an original adjunctive procedure involving transrenal placement of a self-expanding nitinol stent (E-XL aortic stent; Jotec GmbH, Hechingen, Germany) to remodel the proximal aortic neck and treat or prevent type Ia endoleaks in the case of severe angulation of the proximal neck.

Chisci E; Ventoruzzo G; Alamanni N; Bellandi G; Michelagnoli S

2013-05-01

216

First experience in human beings with a permanently implantable intrasac pressure transducer for monitoring endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: Endovascular stent graft repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) prevents rupture by excluding the aneurysm sac from systemic arterial pressure. Current surveillance protocols after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) follow secondary markers of sac pressurization, namely, endoleak and sac enlargement. We report the first clinical experience with the use of a permanently implantable, ultrasound-activated remote pressure transducer to measure intrasac pressure after EVAR. METHODS: Over 7 months, 14 patients underwent EVAR of an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm with implantation of an ultrasound-activated remote pressure transducer fixed to the outside of the stent graft and exposed to the excluded aortic sac. Twelve patients received modular bifurcated stent grafts, and 2 patients received aortouniiliac devices. Intrasac pressures were measured directly with an intravascular catheter and by the remote sensor at stent-graft deployment. Follow-up sac pressures were measured with a remote sensor and correlated with systemic arterial pressure at every follow-up visit. Mean follow-up was 2.6 +/-1.9 months. RESULTS: Excellent concordance was found between catheter-derived and transducer-derived intrasac pressssure intraoperatively. Pulsatile waveforms were seen in all functioning transducers at each evaluation interval. One implant ceased to function at 2 months of follow-up. In 1 patient a type I endoleak was diagnosed on 1-month computed tomography (CT) scans; 3 type II endoleaks were observed. Those patients with complete exclusion of the aneurysm on CT scans had a significant difference in systemic and sac systolic pressures initially (P <.001) and at 1 month (P <.001). Initial sac diastolic pressures were higher than systemic diastolic pressures (P <.001). The ratio of systemic to sac systolic pressure increased over time in those patients with complete aneurysm exclusion ( P <.001). Four of 6 patients with no endoleak and greater than 1-month follow-up had diminution of sac systolic pressure to 40 mm Hg or less by 3 months. CONCLUSION: This is the first report of a totally implantable chronic pressure transducer to monitor the results of EVAR in human beings. Aneurysm exclusion leads to gradual diminution of sac pressure over several months. Additional clinical follow-up will be necessary to determine whether aneurysm sac pressure monitoring can replace CT in the long-term surveillance of patients after EVAR.

Ellozy SH; Carroccio A; Lookstein RA; Minor ME; Sheahan CM; Juta J; Cha A; Valenzuela R; Addis MD; Jacobs TS; Teodorescu VJ; Marin ML

2004-09-01

217

Abdominal aorta morphometric study for endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms: comparison between spiral CT and angiography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To compare the computed tomography and angiography study of abdominal aortic aneurysms for posterior endograft implant. Method: From June 1997 to March 2001, 113 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm were submitted to study of the aorto-iliac axis with abdominal spiral computed tomography and angiography with calibrated catheter. The patient's ages ranged from 51 and 88 years (mean: 69). There were 104 males and nine females. Results: When comparing the mean computed tomography and angiography diameters, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the infra-renal neck (p0.05). When comparing the mean lengths, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the aortic infra-renal neck (p

2002-01-01

218

Tuberculous Aneurysm of the Abdominal Aorta: Endovascular Repair Using Stent Grafts in Two Cases  

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Tuberculous aneurysm of the aorta is exceedingly rare. To date, the standard therapy for mycotic aneurysm of the abdominal aorta has been surgery involving in-situ graft placement or extra-anatomic bypass surgery followed by effective anti-tuberculous medication. Only recently has the use of a stent...

Liu, Wei Chiang; Kwak, Byung Kook; Kim, Kyo Nam; Kim, Soon Yong; Woo, Joung Joo; Chung, Dong Jin; Hong, Ju Hee; Kim, Ho Sung

219

Dynamic CT Angiography after Abdominal Aortic Endovascular Aneurysm Repair: Influence of Enhancement Patterns and Optimal Bolus Timing on Endoleak Detection.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Purpose: To determine the time course of enhancement patterns in the aorta and endoleaks at dynamic computed tomographic (CT) angiography as well as their effect on the endoleak detection rate in patients who have undergone abdominal aortic endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was approved by the local ethics committee and compliant with the Declaration of Helsinki. All patients gave written informed consent for the scientific analysis of their data. Seventy-one patients (mean age, 72 years ± 8 [standard deviation]) were retrospectively included after EVAR of the abdominal aorta. All patients underwent dynamic CT angiography with 10 unidirectional scan phases, followed by a venous phase. Endoleaks were detected visually in all scan phases; the magnitude of enhancement was assessed by using region-of-interest measurements in the aorta and the detectable endoleaks. Statistical analysis was performed with the ?(2) test, the paired t test, and analysis of variance with repeated measurements. Results: The highest mean aortic enhancement was achieved 12 seconds after the bolus-tracking threshold, and the highest mean endoleak enhancement was achieved 22 seconds after the bolus-tracking threshold. In total, 44 endoleaks were detected. The detection rates differed significantly in between the dynamic CT angiography phases (minimum, seven endoleaks at 2 seconds after the bolus-tracking threshold; maximum, 44 endoleaks at 27 seconds after the bolus-tracking threshold; P = .001). The highest detection rate was achieved when the contrast between aortic and endoleak enhancement reached its maximum. Conclusion: Dynamic CT angiography revealed that the peak enhancement of endoleaks is significantly different than that of the aorta and that endoleaks may not be adequately evaluated with conventional biphasic CT protocols. The use of dynamic CT angiography is associated with a significantly increased detection rate of endoleaks compared with the detection rates at the time points of conventional biphasic CT. © RSNA, 2013.

Lehmkuhl L; Andres C; Lücke C; Hoffmann J; Foldyna B; Grothoff M; Nitzsche S; Schmidt A; Ulrich M; Scheinert D; Gutberlet M

2013-09-01

220

Follow-up of abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular aortic repair: Comparison of volumetric and diametric measurement  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To determine the correlation of maximal diameter measurements with volumetric evaluation of size after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) using computed tomography angiography (CTA) and to survey its applicability for clinical follow-up. Materials and methods: 73 consecutive patients (2 females, 71 males; age 38–84 years; mean age, 69.1 ± 8 years) with AAA were treated with percutaneous EVAR in a single institution. For follow-up, CTA was performed periodically after EVAR. Images were evaluated for maximal diameter in consensus by two experienced radiologists. Using OsirixTM, volumetric measurements were done by one radiologist, including the entire infrarenal abdominal aorta. Results: In 73 patients 220 CTA examinations were performed after EVAR with a mean follow-up of 17.3 months (range, 1.8–42.7 months). The mean postinterventional volume of aneurysm was 165.63 ml ± 93.29 ml (range, 47.94–565.67 ml). The mean maximal postinterventional diameter was 5.91 ± 1.52 cm (range, 3.72–13.82 cm). At large over the entire observation period a slight, non-significant decrease of 1.6% (2.58 ml ± 69.05 ml, range 82.82–201.92 ml) in volumes and a 9.3% (mean 0.55 cm ± 1.22 cm, range 2.85–1.93 cm) in diameters were observed. For all examinations a high correlation of volume and diameter was calculated (r = 0.813–0.905; ?

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Endovascular treatment of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm with short and angulated neck in high-risk patient.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is an established alternative to open repair. However lifelong surveillance is still required to monitor endograft function and signal the need for secondary interventions (Hobo and Buth 2006). Aortic morphology, especially related to the proximal neck, often complicates the procedure or increases the risk for late device-related complications (Hobo et al. 2007 and Chisci et al. 2009). The definition of a short and angulated neck is based on length (<15?mm), and angulation (>60°) (Hobo et al. 2007 and Chisci et al. 2009). A challenging neck also offers difficulties during open repairs (OR), necessitating extensive dissection with juxta- or suprarenal aortic cross-clamping. Patients with extensive aneurysmal disease typically have more comorbidities and may not tolerate extensive surgical trauma (Sarac et al. 2002). It is, therefore, unclear whether aneurysms with a challenging proximal neck should be offered EVAR or OR (Cox et al. 2006, Choke et al. 2006, Robbins et al. 2005, Sternbergh III et al. 2002, Dillavou et al. 2003, and Greenberg et al. 2003). In our case the insertion of a thoracic endograft followed by the placement of a bifurcated aortic endograft for the treatment of a very short and severely angulated neck proved to be feasible offering acceptable duration of aneurysm exclusion. This adds up to our armamentarium in the treatment of high-risk patients, and it should be considered in emergency cases when the fenestrated and branched endografts are not available.

Koutsias S; Antoniou G; Karathanos C; Saleptsis V; Stamoulis K; Giannoukas AD

2013-01-01

222

Endovascular Treatment of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Short and Angulated Neck in High-Risk Patient  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is an established alternative to open repair. However lifelong surveillance is still required to monitor endograft function and signal the need for secondary interventions (Hobo and Buth 2006). Aortic morphology, especially related to the proximal neck, often complicates the procedure or increases the risk for late device-related complications (Hobo et al. 2007 and Chisci et al. 2009). The definition of a short and angulated neck is based on length (60°) (Hobo et al. 2007 and Chisci et al. 2009). A challenging neck also offers difficulties during open repairs (OR), necessitating extensive dissection with juxta- or suprarenal aortic cross-clamping. Patients with extensive aneurysmal disease typically have more comorbidities and may not tolerate extensive surgical trauma (Sarac et al. 2002). It is, therefore, unclear whether aneurysms with a challenging proximal neck should be offered EVAR or OR (Cox et al. 2006, Choke et al. 2006, Robbins et al. 2005, Sternbergh III et al. 2002, Dillavou et al. 2003, and Greenberg et al. 2003). In our case the insertion of a thoracic endograft followed by the placement of a bifurcated aortic endograft for the treatment of a very short and severely angulated neck proved to be feasible offering acceptable duration of aneurysm exclusion. This adds up to our armamentarium in the treatment of high-risk patients, and it should be considered in emergency cases when the fenestrated and branched endografts are not available.

Koutsias, Stylianos; Antoniou, Georgios; Karathanos, Christos; Saleptsis, Vassileios; Stamoulis, Konstantinos; Giannoukas, Athanasios D.

2013-01-01

223

Can Surgeons Assess CT Suitability for Endovascular Repair (EVAR) in Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm? Implications for a Ruptured EVAR Trial  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to determine whether surgeons without formal radiological training are able to assess suitability of patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) for EVAR. The CT scans of 20 patients with AAA were reviewed under timed conditions by six vascular surgeons. Twenty minutes was allocated per scan. They were asked to determine if each aneurysm would be treatable by EVAR in the emergency setting and, if so, to measure for device selection. The results were then compared with those of a vascular radiologist. Six surgeons agreed on the suitability of endovascular repair in 45% of cases (95% CI, 23.1-68.5%; 9/20 scans; ? = 0.41 [p = 0.01]) and concurred with the radiologist in eight of these. Individually, agreement ranged from 13 to 16 of the 20 scans, 65-80% between surgeons. The kappa value for agreement between all the surgeons and the radiologist was 0.47 (p = 0.01, moderate agreement). For the individual surgeons, this ranged from 0.3 to 0.6 (p = 0.01). In conclusion, while overall agreement was moderate between the surgeons and the radiologist, it is clear that if surgeons are to assess patients for ruptured EVAR in the future, focused training of surgical trainees is required.

2008-01-01

224

Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: surveillance of endoleak using maximum transverse diameter of aorta on non-enhanced CT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background. Repeat volumetric analysis of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) after endovascular AAA repair (EVAR) is time-consuming and requires advanced processing, dedicated equipment, and skilled operators. Purpose. To clarify the validity of measuring the maximal short-axis diameter (Dmax) of AAA in follow-up non-enhanced axial CT as a means of detecting substantial endoleaks after EVAR. Material and Methods. CT images were retrospectively reviewed in 47 patients (7 women, 40 men; mean age, 76.2 years) who had no endoleak on initial contrast-enhanced CT after EVAR. Regular follow-up CT studies were performed every 6 months. At each CT study, the Dmax on the CT axial image was measured and compared with that on the last CT (115 data-sets). Contrast-enhanced CT was regarded as the standard of reference to decide the presence or absence of endoleaks. The appearance of endoleak was defined as the end point of this study. Results. Endoleaks were detected in 17 patients during the follow-up period. Mean Dmax changes for 6 months were significant between positive and negative endoleak cases (1.8 ± 1.9 vs. -1.1 ± 3.0 mm, P

2012-01-01

225

Endovascular treatment of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm with short and angulated neck in high-risk patient.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is an established alternative to open repair. However lifelong surveillance is still required to monitor endograft function and signal the need for secondary interventions (Hobo and Buth 2006). Aortic morphology, especially related to the proximal neck, often complicates the procedure or increases the risk for late device-related complications (Hobo et al. 2007 and Chisci et al. 2009). The definition of a short and angulated neck is based on length (60°) (Hobo et al. 2007 and Chisci et al. 2009). A challenging neck also offers difficulties during open repairs (OR), necessitating extensive dissection with juxta- or suprarenal aortic cross-clamping. Patients with extensive aneurysmal disease typically have more comorbidities and may not tolerate extensive surgical trauma (Sarac et al. 2002). It is, therefore, unclear whether aneurysms with a challenging proximal neck should be offered EVAR or OR (Cox et al. 2006, Choke et al. 2006, Robbins et al. 2005, Sternbergh III et al. 2002, Dillavou et al. 2003, and Greenberg et al. 2003). In our case the insertion of a thoracic endograft followed by the placement of a bifurcated aortic endograft for the treatment of a very short and severely angulated neck proved to be feasible offering acceptable duration of aneurysm exclusion. This adds up to our armamentarium in the treatment of high-risk patients, and it should be considered in emergency cases when the fenestrated and branched endografts are not available. PMID:23936726

Koutsias, Stylianos; Antoniou, Georgios; Karathanos, Christos; Saleptsis, Vassileios; Stamoulis, Konstantinos; Giannoukas, Athanasios D

2013-07-01

226

Outcomes after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair are equivalent between genders despite anatomic differences in women.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: Prior work confirms gender-specific anatomic differences in patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair, but the clinical implications remain ill defined. The purpose of this study was to compare gender-specific early outcomes after endovascular aneurysm repair using a large international registry. METHODS: Over the 2-year period ending in 2011, 1,262 patients (131 women, 10.4%; 1,131 men, 89.6%) with infrarenal aneurysms treated with the Endurant stent graft were prospectively enrolled in the ENGAGE registry and followed clinically and radiographically. RESULTS: Women were older (75.5 ± 7.0 vs 72.8 ± 8.1; P = .0003) and had smaller aneurysms (57.8 ± 9.5 vs 60.6 ± 11.9 mm; P = .01). Women's infrarenal aortic necks were of narrower diameter (21.8 ± 3.4 vs 24.0 ± 3.5 mm; P < .0001), shorter length (24.3 ± 11.8 vs 27.3 ± 12.4 mm; P = .009), and greater angulation (37.7 ± 26.2° vs 29.4 ± 23.3°; P = .0002). More women had an infrarenal neck angle >60° (19.2% vs 9.1%; P = .001). Technical success was achieved in equal numbers of women and men (97.7% vs 99.2%; P = .10). On completion angiography, the incidence of any endoleak (21.5% vs 15.4%; P = .08) and type I endoleak (1.5% vs 1.1%; P = .60) did not differ between genders. At the 1-month follow-up, there were no differences between women and men with respect to endograft occlusion (2.5% vs 1.9%; P = .70), and differences observed in any endoleak (17.2% vs 11.4%; P = .08) and type I endoleaks (3.3% vs 1.2%; P = .08) did not reach statistical significance. Freedom from major adverse events was similar for women and men at 30 days (98.5% vs 95.8%; P = .23) and 1 year (85% vs 89.8%; P = .40). Survival at 30 days (100% vs 98.6%) and 1 year (92.5% vs 91.6%; P = .99) was similar for women and men. CONCLUSIONS: This large multinational registry confirms the previously observed prevalence of suboptimal neck anatomy in women. Even though women have shorter and more angulated infrarenal necks, their technical outcomes at 30 days and clinical outcomes at 1 year were similar to those of men. Much longer follow-up is necessary to determine whether these outcomes proved durable.

Dubois L; Novick TV; Harris JR; Derose G; Forbes TL

2013-02-01

227

Outcomes of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in Patients with Hostile Neck Anatomy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose. The principal anatomic contraindication to endovascular aneurysm repair (EVR) is an unfavorable proximal aortic neck. With increasing experience, a greater proportion of patients with unfavorable neck anatomy are being offered EVR. This study aimed to evaluate outcomes in patients with challenging proximal aortic neck anatomy. Methods. Prospectively collected data from 147 consecutive patients who underwent EVR between December 1997 and April 2005 were supplemented with a retrospective review of medical records and radiological images. Unfavorable anatomic features were defined as neck diameter >28 mm, angulation >60 deg., circumferential thrombus >50%, and length 30 days) (p = 0.57), distal type I endoleak (p = 0.40), type III endoleak (p 0.51), secondary interventions (p = 1.0), aneurysm sac expansion (p = 0.44), or 30 day mortality (p = 0.70). The good neck group had a significantly increased incidence of type II endoleak (p = 0.023). By multivariate analysis, the incidence of intraoperative adjunctive procedures was significantly increased in the presence of severe angulation (p = 0.041, OR 3.08, 95% CI 1.05-9.04). Conclusion. Patients with severely hostile proximal aortic neck anatomy may be treated with EVR, although severely angulated necks require additional intraoperative procedures. Early outcomes are encouraging and suggest that indications for EVR may be expanded to include patients with hostile neck anatomy.

1997-12-00

228

Combined endovascular and surgical treatment of melanoma of the nasal cavity: a case report; Melanoma de fosas nasales. Tratamiento combinado endovascular y quirurgico. A proposito de un caso  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Melanoma of the nasal cavity is a rare tumor with a worse prognosis than cutaneous melanoma. It usually presents as nasal obstruction and/or epistaxis. The observation of a pigmented mass in the nasal cavity is highly suggestive of this lesion. Computed tomography shows a mass with nonspecific features. In magnetic resonance studies, it has a characteristics signal consisting of hyperintensity of T1-weighted images and hypointensity on T2-weighted images, depending on the amount of melanin. The treatment of choice is surgical resection. We present a case of melanoma of the nasal cavity in which endovascular embolization of the tumor was performed prior to surgical treatment. (Author) 11 refs.

Romero, A.; Delgado, F.; Ramos, M.; Bravo, F. [Hospital Universitario Reina Sofia. Cordoba (Spain)

2000-07-01

229

Multislice CT Angiography of Fenestrated Endovascular Stent Grafting for Treating Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: a Pictorial Review of the 2D/3D Visualizations  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Fenestrated endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm has been developed to treat patients with a short or complicated aneurysm neck. Fenestration involves creating an opening in the graft fabric to accommodate the orifice of the vessel that is targeted for preservation. Fixation of the fenestration to the renal arteries and the other visceral arteries can be done by implanting bare or covered stents across the graft-artery ostia interfaces so that a portion of the stent protrudes into the aortic lumen. Accurate alignment of the targeted vessels in a longitudinal aspect is hard to achieve during stent deployment because rotation of the stent graft may take place during delivery from the sheath. Understanding the 3D relationship of the aortic branches and the fenestrated vessel stents following fenestration will aid endovascular specialists to evaluate how the stent graft is situated within the aorta after placement of fenestrations. The aim of this article is to provide the 2D and 3D imaging appearances of the fenestrated endovascular grafts that were implanted in a group of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms, based on the multislice CT angiography. The potential applications of each visualization technique were explored and compared with the 2D axial images

Sun, Zhonghua [Curtin University, Perth (Australia); Mwipatayi, Bibombe P [Royal Perth Hospital, Perth (Australia); Allen, Yvonne B; Hartley, David E [Cook R and D, Perth (Australia); Lawrence-Brown, Michael M [Curtin University of Technology, Perth (Australia)

2009-06-15

230

Mortalidade relacionada ao tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal com o uso dos modelos revisados Procedure-related mortality of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair using revised reporting standards  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a definição da mortalidade relacionada ao procedimento após tratamento endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal (EVAR) como definido pelo Committee for Standardized Reporting Practices in Vascular Surgery. MÉTODO: Dados de pacientes com aneurisma de aorta abdominal foram analisados do banco de dados EUROSTAR. Os pacientes foram submetidos ao EVAR entre junho de 1996 a fevereiro de 2004 e foram estudados retrospectivamente. A probabilidade explicita da causa de morte foi registrada. O intervalo entre a operação, alta hospitalar ou intervenção secundária até a morte foi registrado. RESULTADOS: De um total de 5612 pacientes, 589 (10,5%) faleceram após o EVAR em acompanhamento total e qualquer causa de morte foi inclusa. Cento e quarenta e um pacientes (12,5%) morreram devido a causa relacionada ao aneurisma, sendo que 28 (4,8%) foram rupturas, 25 (4,2%) infecções do implante e 88 (14,9%) foram pacientes que morreram num prazo de 30 dias após o procedimento inicial (definição atualmente utilizada, também conhecido como resultado clínico a curto prazo). Além disso, 25 pacientes faleceram após 30 dias, mas continuavam ainda hospitalizados (ou transferidos a home-care para reavaliação posterior, ou necessitaram intervenção secundária). Levando em conta a duração da admissão ao hospital e a mortalidade imediata após o procedimento relacionada a intervenções secundárias, 49 mortes tardias também podem ser relacionadas ao EVAR. CONCLUSÃO: Morte tardia compõe uma proporção considerável da mortalidade relacionada ao EVAR dentro do tempo de análise revisado.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the definition of Procedure-related mortality after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) as defined by the Committee for Standardized Reporting Practices in Vascular Surgery. METHODS: Data on patients with an AAA were taken from the EUROSTAR database. The patients underwent EVAR between June 1996 and February 2004 and were analyzed retrospectively. Explicit probability of cause of death was recorded. The time interval from operation, hospital discharge or second interventions till death was recorded. RESULTS: A total of 589 out of 5612 patients (10.5%) died after EVAR in total follow up and all causes of death were included. 141 (2.5%) patients died due to aneurysms reported after the EVAR procedure of which 28 (4.8%) were ruptures, 25 (4.2%) graft-infections and 88 (14.9%) patients who died within 30 days after the initial procedure (present definition, also known as short term clinical outcome). In addition 25 patients died after 30 days, but were then (at moment of death) still in the hospital, or were transferred to a nursing home for further re-evaluation, or needed second interventions. Taking into account the duration of hospitalization and mortality immediately after procedure-related second interventions, 49 delayed deaths might also be regarded as being EVAR procedure-related. CONCLUSION: Delayed deaths are a considerable proportion of procedure-related deaths after EVAR within the revised time frame.

Gosen Gabriel Konig; S.R. Vallabhneni; Corinne J. Van Marrewijk; Lina J. Leurs; Robert J.F. Laheij; Jacob Buth

2007-01-01

231

Mortalidade relacionada ao tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal com o uso dos modelos revisados/ Procedure-related mortality of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair using revised reporting standards  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a definição da mortalidade relacionada ao procedimento após tratamento endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal (EVAR) como definido pelo Committee for Standardized Reporting Practices in Vascular Surgery. MÉTODO: Dados de pacientes com aneurisma de aorta abdominal foram analisados do banco de dados EUROSTAR. Os pacientes foram submetidos ao EVAR entre junho de 1996 a fevereiro de 2004 e foram estudados retrospectivamente (more) . A probabilidade explicita da causa de morte foi registrada. O intervalo entre a operação, alta hospitalar ou intervenção secundária até a morte foi registrado. RESULTADOS: De um total de 5612 pacientes, 589 (10,5%) faleceram após o EVAR em acompanhamento total e qualquer causa de morte foi inclusa. Cento e quarenta e um pacientes (12,5%) morreram devido a causa relacionada ao aneurisma, sendo que 28 (4,8%) foram rupturas, 25 (4,2%) infecções do implante e 88 (14,9%) foram pacientes que morreram num prazo de 30 dias após o procedimento inicial (definição atualmente utilizada, também conhecido como resultado clínico a curto prazo). Além disso, 25 pacientes faleceram após 30 dias, mas continuavam ainda hospitalizados (ou transferidos a home-care para reavaliação posterior, ou necessitaram intervenção secundária). Levando em conta a duração da admissão ao hospital e a mortalidade imediata após o procedimento relacionada a intervenções secundárias, 49 mortes tardias também podem ser relacionadas ao EVAR. CONCLUSÃO: Morte tardia compõe uma proporção considerável da mortalidade relacionada ao EVAR dentro do tempo de análise revisado. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the definition of Procedure-related mortality after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) as defined by the Committee for Standardized Reporting Practices in Vascular Surgery. METHODS: Data on patients with an AAA were taken from the EUROSTAR database. The patients underwent EVAR between June 1996 and February 2004 and were analyzed retrospectively. Explicit probability of cause of death was recorded. The time interval from o (more) peration, hospital discharge or second interventions till death was recorded. RESULTS: A total of 589 out of 5612 patients (10.5%) died after EVAR in total follow up and all causes of death were included. 141 (2.5%) patients died due to aneurysms reported after the EVAR procedure of which 28 (4.8%) were ruptures, 25 (4.2%) graft-infections and 88 (14.9%) patients who died within 30 days after the initial procedure (present definition, also known as short term clinical outcome). In addition 25 patients died after 30 days, but were then (at moment of death) still in the hospital, or were transferred to a nursing home for further re-evaluation, or needed second interventions. Taking into account the duration of hospitalization and mortality immediately after procedure-related second interventions, 49 delayed deaths might also be regarded as being EVAR procedure-related. CONCLUSION: Delayed deaths are a considerable proportion of procedure-related deaths after EVAR within the revised time frame.

Konig, Gosen Gabriel; Vallabhneni, S.R.; Marrewijk, Corinne J. Van; Leurs, Lina J.; Laheij, Robert J.F.; Buth, Jacob

2007-03-01

232

Endovascular aneurysm repair for an abdominal aortic aneurysm and a left ruptured common iliac artery aneurysm in a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma: report of a case.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

We performed an endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and a ruptured common iliac artery aneurysm (rCIAA) in a patient complicated by severe liver dysfunction due to obstructive jaundice resulting from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A 68-year-old male presented with acute lower abdominal pain. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed a 4.5-cm infrarenal AAA, a 6.0-cm left rCIAA with retroperitoneal hematoma and a 13-cm mass in the liver, which was suspected to be HCC. His laboratory data showed severe liver dysfunction. An emergency EVAR was done under local anesthesia because of his liver dysfunction. He was transferred to another hospital without any complications.

Kyuragi R; Matsumoto T; Okadome J; Kawakubo E; Homma K; Iwasa K; Guntani A; Okazaki J; Maehara Y

2013-02-01

233

Chronic Contained Rupture of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: From Diagnosis to Endovascular Resolution  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A male patient, 69 years old, presented with fever, leucocytosis, and persistent low back pain; he also had an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), as previously diagnosed by Doppler UltraSound (US), and was admitted to our hospital. On multislice computed tomography (msCT), a large abdominal mass having no definite border and involving the aorta and both of the psoas muscles was seen. This mass involved the forth-lumbar vertebra with lysis, thus simulating AAA rupture into a paraspinal collection; it was initially considered a paraspinal abscess. After magnetic resonance imaging examination and culture of the fluid aspirated from the mass, no infective organisms were found; therefore, a diagnosisof chronically contained AAA rupture was made, and an aortic endoprosthesis was subsequently implanted. The patient was discharged with decreased lumbar pain. At 12-month follow-up, no evidence of leakage was observed. To our knowledge, this is the first case of endoprosthesis implantation in a patient, who was a poor candidate for surgical intervention due to renal failure, leucocytosis and high fever, having a chronically contained AAA ruptured simulatingspodilodiscitis abscess. Appropriate diagnosis and therapy resolved potentially crippling pathology and avoided surgical graft-related complications.

2008-01-01

234

Abdominal aortic aneurysmal and endovascular device infection with iliopsoas abscess caused by mycobacterium bovis as a complication of intravesical bacillus calmette-guérin therapy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Vascular complications after the intravesical instillation of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy are extremely rare. We experienced a case of abdominal aortic aneurysmal infection excluded by a stent graft with an iliopsoas abscess after intravesical instillation of BCG therapy that required reoperation. Five years ago, an 81-year-old man was diagnosed with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. After transurethral resection of the bladder tumor and intravesical BCG therapy, a radical cystectomy was performed. Twenty-four months after intravesical BCG therapy, follow-up an abdominal computed tomographic (CT) scan revealed an aortic abdominal aneurysm. Endovascular aneurysm repair was performed, and the aneurysm was excluded postoperatively. Thirty months after the endovascular aneurysm repair (and 54 months after intravesical BCG therapy), a follow-up abdominal CT revealed a low-density area in the right iliopsoas muscle that formed a fistula to the excluded aneurysm. We performed CT-guided iliopsoas abscess drainage and collected yellow pus. Polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that the pus was positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. The patient was diagnosed with abdominal aortic aneurysmal infection associated with iliopsoas abscess caused by Mycobacterium bovis, and surgery was performed. We performed an extra-anatomical bypass and removed the stent graft with debridement. When the aneurysmal wall was incised and resected, yellow pus surrounded the stent graft. In addition, a large fistula was present between the right posterolateral aortic aneurysmal wall and the iliopsoas abscess cavity. After the operation, the histopathological examination of excised abdominal aortic aneurysmal wall tissue revealed an epithelioid granuloma with caseous necrosis involving multinucleated giant cells, indicating M tuberculosis complex infection. Although the intravesical instillation of BCG therapy is considered safe, complications resulting from vascular infections can arise in extremely rare cases. The complication described in this case report emphasizes the need to cautiously select treatment for a mycotic aortic aneurysm after intravesical instillation of BCG therapy. PMID:23972639

Mizoguchi, Hiroki; Iida, Osamu; Dohi, Tomoharu; Tomoda, Kaname; Kimura, Hayato; Inoue, Kazushige; Iwata, Takashi; Tei, Keikou; Miura, Takuya

2013-08-21

235

Pseudoaneurisma traumático de troncos supra-aórticos: tratamiento endovascular. Casos clínicos/ Endovascular treatment of traumatic pseudoaneurysms of aortic arch branches: Report of three cases  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english The traditional treatment of traumatic lesions of the aortic arch branches requires extended surgical exposures, not exempt of morbidity and mortality. Over the last decade, devices that allow a minimally invasive treatment, have been developed. The vessel can be repaired without direct exposure, using an endovascular procedure. We report three patients with traumatic pseudoaneurysms of the left subclavian, brachiocephalic and left common carotid arteries, respectively. A (more) ll lesions were successfully repaired with the insertion of an endograft. Although long term results of these procedure are unknown, repair of a future stenosis or occlusion is less complicated than the treatment required by the original lesion. Endoluminal repair appears as a safe, efficient and less invasive treatment for these lesions. (Rev Méd Chile 2002; 130: 1027-32)

Mertens M, Renato; Valdés E, Francisco; Kramer S, Albrecht; Mariné M, Leopoldo; Vergara G, Jeannette; Valdebenito C, Magaly

2002-09-01

236

Transección traumática aguda de la aorta torácica: Tratamiento endovascular/ Endovascular treatment of acute traumatic rupture of the thoracic aorta: Report of one case  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Traumatic rupture of the aorta has a near 80% mortality. Most patients die on the site of the accident. Conventional surgical repair of these lesions has a high morbidity and mortality, generally associated to the severity of associated lesions. Over the last decade, endovascular treatment has become an effective therapeutic alternative. We report a 40 years old male, that suffered a traumatic rupture of the descending thoracic aorta in a car accident. A successful endova (more) scular repair was performed, installing an endoprothesis on the site of the lesion, using a femoral artery approach. The patient had a good postoperative evolution and was discharged from the hospital once complete rehabilitation of his associated lesions was obtained (Rev Méd Chile 2003; 131: 309-13).

Sepúlveda Sch, Nelson; Mertens M, Renato; Valdés E, Francisco; Krämer Sch, Albrecht; Mariné M, Leopoldo; Zalaquett S, Ricardo; Geni G, Ricardo; Aguilera M, Hernán; Heiremans E, Guy; Vergara G, Jeannette; Valdebenito G, Magaly

2003-03-01

237

Complete ten-year follow-up after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: Survival and causes of death  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] Purpose: To analyze the hazard and causes of death after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms during a complete ten year follow-up. Methods: This is a retrospective clinical study of 130 consecutive patients undergoing EVAR between 1995 and 1998. One-hundred twenty-one patients (93.1%) were treated with first-generation stentgrafts and nine patients (6.9%) received second-generation devices. All patients completed a follow-up of at least 10 years, unless death occurred before then. Time and causes of death were provided by the Austrian central register of deaths. Results: The median follow-up was 7.6 years, and the 130 patients had 968.5 person-years of follow-up. The ten-year mortality rate was 62.3%. Cardiovascular events were the most frequent causes of death, with a 3.9 incidence rate per 100 person-years. Cancer death and death due to other causes occurred in 2.1 and 1.8 cases per 100 person-years, respectively. Lethal late aneurysm rupture happened in 4.6% (n = 6), which corresponds to an annual incidence rate of 0.6 per 100 person-years. All of those patients had been treated with first-generation devices. Conclusions: Cardiovascular events were the most frequent cause of death after EVAR, followed by malignancy and other diseases. The risk of dying from secondary rupture was clearly lower than that of death due to other reasons during ten years after EVAR, even in patients with first-generation stentgrafts.

238

Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: surveillance of endoleak using maximum transverse diameter of aorta on non-enhanced CT  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Background. Repeat volumetric analysis of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) after endovascular AAA repair (EVAR) is time-consuming and requires advanced processing, dedicated equipment, and skilled operators. Purpose. To clarify the validity of measuring the maximal short-axis diameter (Dmax) of AAA in follow-up non-enhanced axial CT as a means of detecting substantial endoleaks after EVAR. Material and Methods. CT images were retrospectively reviewed in 47 patients (7 women, 40 men; mean age, 76.2 years) who had no endoleak on initial contrast-enhanced CT after EVAR. Regular follow-up CT studies were performed every 6 months. At each CT study, the Dmax on the CT axial image was measured and compared with that on the last CT (115 data-sets). Contrast-enhanced CT was regarded as the standard of reference to decide the presence or absence of endoleaks. The appearance of endoleak was defined as the end point of this study. Results. Endoleaks were detected in 17 patients during the follow-up period. Mean Dmax changes for 6 months were significant between positive and negative endoleak cases (1.8 {+-} 1.9 vs. -1.1 {+-} 3.0 mm, P < 0.0001). When the Dmax change {<=} 0 mm for 6 months was used as the threshold for negative endoleak, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 74.5, 82.4, 96.1, and 35.9%, respectively. When Dmax change {<=}-1 mm was used as the threshold, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 38.8, 100, 100, and 22.1%, respectively. Conclusion. Contrast-enhanced CT is not required for the evaluation of endoleaks when the Dmax decreases by at least 1 mm over 6 months after EVAR.

Nagayama, Hiroki; Sueyoshi, Eijun; Sakamoto, Ichiro; Uetani, Masataka [Dept. of Radiology, Nagasaki Univ. School of Medicine, Nagasaki (Japan)], E-mail: sueyo@nagasaki-u.ac.jp

2012-07-15

239

Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography versus computed tomographic angiography in the monitoring of patients after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm - preliminary experience  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is routinely used in the monitoring of patients after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm. The aim of the study was to determine if contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) provides equivalent results to CTA in detection of endo-leaks in patients after abdominal aortic stentgraft placement. Material and methods: In a group of 7 patients (6 men and 1 woman; aged 71 ±7 years) after repair procedure, 16 CTA and 16 CEUS follow-up examinations were performed. Second-generation contrast agent (Sonovue) and low-mechanical index technique were used for ultrasonography imaging. Results: Computed tomographic angiography showed seven cases of type I, five cases of type II, and no endo-leaks in four examinations. In 15 out of 16 studies, the results of CEUS were consistent with the results of CTA. In one discrepant study, type II endo-leak was detected with CEUS while CTA was negative. Conclusions: Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and CTA examinations in patients after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm provide comparable results. CEUS may be considered an alternative technique to CTA. (authors)

2009-01-01

240

Automated attenuation-based kilovoltage selection: preliminary observations in patients after endovascular aneurysm repair of the abdominal aorta.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to assess prospectively the impact of automated attenuation-based kilovoltage selection on image quality and radiation dose in patients undergoing body CT angiography (CTA) after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of the abdominal aorta. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients (five women, 30 men; mean age ± SD, 69 ± 13 years; mean body mass index ± SD, 27.3 ± 4.5 kg/m(2)) underwent 64-MDCT angiography of the thoracoabdominal aorta using a fixed 120-kVp protocol (scan A: 120 mAs [reference]; rotation time, 0.33 second; pitch, 1.2) and, within a median time interval of 224 days, using a protocol with automated kilovoltage selection (scan B: tube voltage, 80-140 kVp). Subjective image quality (5-point scale: 1 [excellent] to 5 [nondiagnostic]) and objective image quality (aortic attenuation at four locations of the aortoiliac system, noise, contrast-to-noise ratio [CNR]) were assessed independently by two blinded radiologists. The volume CT dose index (CTDI(vol)) was compared between scans A and B. RESULTS: The subjective image quality of scans A and B was similar (median score for both, 1; range, 1-4; p = 0.74), with all datasets being of diagnostic quality. Automated attenuation-based kilovoltage selection led to a reduction to 80 kVp in one patient (2.9%) and 100 kVp in 18 patients (51.4%). Fifteen of 35 patients (42.9%) were scanned at 120 kVp, whereas in one patient (2.9%) the kilovoltage setting increased to 140 kVp. Image noise (scan A vs scan B: mean ± SD, 12.8 ± 2.3 vs 13.7 ± 2.9 HU, respectively) was significantly (p < 0.05) higher in scan B than in scan A, whereas CNR was similar among scans (A vs B: mean ± SD, 15.7 ± 7.0 vs 16.9 ± 9.7; p = 0.43). The CTDI(vol) was significantly lower in scan B (mean ± SD, 8.9 ± 2.9 mGy; scan A, 10.6 ± 1.5 mGy; average reduction, 16%; p = 0.002) despite a higher tube current-exposure time product (B vs A: mean ± SD, 152 ± 27 vs 141 ± 29 mAs; p = 0.01). CONCLUSION: In patients undergoing follow-up after EVAR of the abdominal aorta, body CTA using automated attenuation-based kilovoltage selection yields similar subjective image quality and CNR at a significantly reduced dose compared with a protocol that uses 120 kVp.

Goetti R; Winklehner A; Gordic S; Baumueller S; Karlo CA; Frauenfelder T; Alkadhi H

2012-09-01

 
 
 
 
241

Three-year follow-up of fenestrated thoracoabdominal stent graft bridging an endovascular thoracic stent graft and a surgical abdominal aortic graft.  

Science.gov (United States)

This case report describes repair of a type I endoleak at the distal landing zone of a thoracic aortic stent graft by endovascular placement of a thoracoabdominal fenestrated stent graft (Cook, Brisbane, Australia). The fenestrated stent graft was interposed between a previous abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) Gelsoft tube graft (Sulzer Vascutek Ltd, Inchinnan, United Kingdom) and two overlapping Zenith thoracic endografts (Cook Inc, Bloomington, Indiana). Placement was made more complex because the distal thoracic endograft had rotated into a horizontal position. At 3-year clinical and computed tomography (CT) follow-up, continued clinical and radiologic success was shown with no further intervention required. PMID:21353989

Tapping, Charles Ross; Ettles, Duncan F; Renwick, Paul M; Robinson, Graham J

2011-03-01

242

Three-year follow-up of fenestrated thoracoabdominal stent graft bridging an endovascular thoracic stent graft and a surgical abdominal aortic graft.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

This case report describes repair of a type I endoleak at the distal landing zone of a thoracic aortic stent graft by endovascular placement of a thoracoabdominal fenestrated stent graft (Cook, Brisbane, Australia). The fenestrated stent graft was interposed between a previous abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) Gelsoft tube graft (Sulzer Vascutek Ltd, Inchinnan, United Kingdom) and two overlapping Zenith thoracic endografts (Cook Inc, Bloomington, Indiana). Placement was made more complex because the distal thoracic endograft had rotated into a horizontal position. At 3-year clinical and computed tomography (CT) follow-up, continued clinical and radiologic success was shown with no further intervention required.

Tapping CR; Ettles DF; Renwick PM; Robinson GJ

2011-03-01

243

Late renal artery occlusion following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: a possible complication of mural thrombus formation within aortic endografts.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Mural thrombus formation within aortic endoprostheses has been described to occur in up to one-third of aortic endografts depending on the device type. Data regarding the clinical significance of such a phenomenon are scarce, but in most cases it is considered to be clinically innocent. The authors describe a rare case of late renal artery occlusion due to intraprosthetic thrombus formation and extension into the right renal orifice 30 months after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Additionally, a brief literature review regarding the incidence and natural history of mural thrombotic deposits within aortic endografts is also conducted.

Katsargyris A; Chatziioannou A; Lioudaki S; Papapetrou A; Klonaris C

2013-03-01

244

Comparison of the usefulness 3D CTA with other methods to estimate morphology of abdominal aortic aneurysm before endovascular aneurysm repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of diagnostic methods in the preoperative evaluation of abdominal aortic aneurysm before endovascular treatment. During the period of January 2002-December 2004, 67 patients with AAA (42 diagnosed in the Department of Radiology of the Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Administration and 25 patients diagnosed the in the Department of Radiology of Medical Academy in Bialystok) underwent ultrasonography, spiral CT with 3D reconstructions (3D CTA), and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) following treatment of aortoiliac aneurysms with endoluminal stentgrafts in 36 and 12 patients, respectively. Our experience suggests that spiral computerized tomographic angiography with three-dimensional reconstruction (3D CTA) is a reliable, relatively noninvasive technique to assess the feasibility of endovascular aneurysm repair. DSA allows verification of the measurements from spiral computed scans, but it is a more invasive method than CTA. However, CTA with 3D reconstruction shows a diagnostic effectiveness similar to that of DSA. Thus it may be sufficient as a preoperative imaging technique when evaluating a patient for an endovascular graft procedure. (author)

2005-01-01

245

One-year outcomes from an international study of the Ovation Abdominal Stent Graft System for endovascular aneurysm repair.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated 1-year safety and effectiveness outcomes of the United States regulatory trial for the Ovation Abdominal Stent Graft System (TriVascular Inc, Santa Rosa, Calif) for endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). METHODS: This prospective, multicenter, single-arm trial was conducted at 36 sites in the United States, Germany, and Chile to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the Ovation stent graft. From November 2009 to May 2011, 161 patients (88% males; mean age, 73 ± 8 years) with AAAs (mean diameter, 54 ± 9 mm) were treated with the Ovation stent graft. The main body is a modular two-docking limb device with a 14F outer diameter delivery system, active suprarenal fixation, and polymer-filled proximal rings that accommodate the aortic neck for seal. Main inclusion criteria included proximal aortic neck length ?7 mm, inner neck diameter between 16 and 30 mm, distal iliac landing zones length ?10 mm, and diameter between 8 and 20 mm. Patients were treated under a common protocol, including clinical and imaging follow-up at discharge, 30 days, 6 months, and annually through 5 years. A Clinical Events Committee adjudicated adverse events, an independent imaging core laboratory analyzed imaging, and a Data Safety and Monitoring Board provided study oversight. Complete 1-year follow-up data were available for this report. RESULTS: The Ovation stent graft was implanted successfully in 161 patients (100%), including 69 (42.9%) by percutaneous access. General anesthesia was used in 106 patients (65.8%). Technical success was 100%, and mean procedure time was 110 minutes. Median procedural blood loss was 150 mL, and median hospital stay was 1 day. The 30-day major adverse event rate was 2.5%. At 1 year, AAA-related and all-cause mortality were 0.6% and 2.5%, respectively. Major adverse event and serious adverse event rates through 1 year were 6.2% and 38.5%, respectively. The 1-year treatment success rate was 99.3%. The imaging core laboratory reported no stent graft migration or type I, III, or IV endoleaks. At 1 year, type II endoleaks were identified in 34% of patients, and AAA enlargement was identified in one patient (0.7%). No AAA rupture or conversion to open surgery was reported. AAA-related secondary procedures were performed in 10 patients (6.2%) for 12 findings, including endoleak (six), aortic main body stenosis (three), and iliac limb stenosis or occlusion (three). CONCLUSIONS: The 1-year results of the Ovation Abdominal Stent Graft System demonstrate excellent safety and effectiveness in treatment of patients with AAAs, particularly in patients with challenging anatomic characteristics, including short aortic necks and narrow iliac arteries. Longer-term follow-up is needed.

Mehta M; Valdés FE; Nolte T; Mishkel GJ; Jordan WD; Gray B; Eskandari M; Botti C

2013-08-01

246

Early inflammatory response following elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: A comparison between endovascular procedure and conventional, open surgery  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background/Aim. Abdominal aorta aneurysm (AAA) represents a pathological enlargment of infrarenal portion of aorta for over 50% of its lumen. The only treatment of AAA is a surgical reconstruction of the affected segment. Until the late XX century, surgical reconstruction implied explicit, open repair (OR) of AAA, which was accompanied by a significant morbidity and mortality of the treated patients. Development of endovascular repair of (EVAR) AAA, especially in the last decade, offered another possibility of surgical reconstruction of AAA. The preliminary results of world studies show that complications of such a procedure, as well as morbidity and mortality of patients, are significantly lower than with OR of AAA. The aim of this paper was to present results of comparative clinical prospective study of early inflammatory response after reconstruction of AAA between endovascular and open, conventional surgical technique. Methods. A comparative clinical prospective study included 39 patients, electively operated on for AAA within the period of December 2008 - February 2010, divided into two groups. The group I counted 21 (54%) of the patients, 58-87 years old (mean 74.3 years), who had been submited to EVAR by the use of excluder stent graft. The group II consisted of 18 (46%) of the patients, 49-82 (mean 66.8) years, operated on using OR technique. All of the treated patients in both groups had AAA larager than 50 mm. The study did not include patients who have been treated as urgent cases, due to the rupture or with simptomatic AAA. Clinical, biochemical and inflamatory parameters in early postoperative period were analyzed, in direct postoperative course (number of leucocytes, thrombocytes, serum circulating levels of cytokine - interleukine (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6 and IL-10). Parameters were monitored on the zero, first, second, third and seventh postoperative days. The study was approved by the Ethics Commitee of the Military Medical Academy. Results. The study showed a statistically significantly shorter time of treatment in the EVAR group (average 90 min) compared to the OR group (average 136 min). Also, there was a statistically significantly less blood loss in the patients operated on by the use of EVAR surgery (average 60 mL) as compared to the patients treated with OR techinique (average 495 mL), as well as a shorter postoperative hospitalization of patients in the EVAR group (average 4 days) compared to the OR group (average 8 days). The OR group was detected with a statistically significant increase of leucocytes and statistically significant fall of the number of thrombocytes in comparison with the EVAR group in all the investigated terms. A significant concentration rise of IL-2 in the OR group and concentration rise of IL-6 in the EVAR group was shown 24 hours after the procedure, whereas on the second postoperative day there was detected a significant fall of IL-6 in the EVAR group. IL-4 concentration in the OR group was significantly higher as of the third postoperative day in comparison to the EVAR group. There was no significant difference in IL-10 concentration between the groups. Conclusion. The EVAR techinique is a safer and less invasive and less traumatic procedure for patients than the OR of AAA. Following the EVAR, there are less inflammatory reactions in the early postoperative periodas compared to the OR and therefore less possibility of the development of systemic inflammatory respons syndrome in patients treated.

Marjanovi? Ivan; Jevti? Miodrag; Mišovi? Sidor; Vojvodi? Danilo; Zoranovi? Uroš; Rusovi? Siniša; Šarac Momir; Stanojevi? Ivan

2011-01-01

247

¿Procedimientos endovasculares como tratamiento de la esclerosis múltiple?: La hipótesis de la insuficiencia venosa crónica cerebro medular Endovascular procedures as multiple sclerosis treatment?: The hipothesis of the chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En este artículo especial de la modalidad "puntos de vista", se revisan los antecedentes bibliográficos principales relacionados a la entidad denominada "Insuficiencia venosa crónica cerebro medular (IVCCM)" cuya formulación ha sido planteada por Zamboni y col, del Centro de Enfermedades Vasculares de la Universidad de Ferrara-Italia quienes le han adjudicado un rol patogénico o de agravación en la Esclerosis Múltiple (EM), que les ha llevado a proponer y realizar procedimientos de angioplastía mediante balón endovascular o stent venoso en pacientes con EM. La revisión de la bibliografía, en esta etapa del conocimiento de la IVCCM, no permite concluir si esta hipotética entidad tiene algún rol en el desarrollo o agravación de la EM. Por otro lado, concordamos con la mayoría de los clínicos e imagenólogos dedicados al estudio y tratamiento de la EM, en la ausencia de argumentos para indicar, alentar o propiciar procedimientos "terapéuticos" endovasculares para la EM. Para avanzar, en el conocimiento de la IVCCM y de eventual relación con la EM, se requieren estudios multicéntricos cuidadosamente conducidos, clínica y metodológicamente rigurosos, aprobados por comités de ética, en pacientes que sean invitados informadamente a participar en protocolos de investigación formales, que cuenten con las protecciones de seguros complementarios pertinentes y responsabilidades del gasto a costas de los investigadores.In this "point of view" or special article, it has been reviewed the main bibliographic antecedents related to the entity denominated as chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI), which formulation has been stated by Zamboni et col, from the Vascular Diseases Center of the University of Ferrara-Italy, who have assigned it a pathogenic role or of aggravation one in Multiple Sclerosis (MS), what has led them to propose and carry out endovascular balloon angioplasty or venous stent in MS patients as a treatment. The bibliographic review at this stage of the knowledge of CCSVI does not let us to conclude whether this hypothetical entity has any role in the development or aggravation of MS. On the other hand, we agree with most of the clinicians and neuroimaging MS researchers because of the absence of arguments to indicate, support or propose envovascular "therapeutic" procedures for MS. To advance in the knowledge of CCSVI and the eventual relation with MS it is required some multicentric controlled studies carefully led and clinical and methodological rigorous procedures approved by committee of ethic in very well informed patients invited to participate in protocols of formal investigation who should be protected by complementary pertinent insurances and responsibilities connected to the investigation expenses.

Jorge Nogales-Gaete

2011-01-01

248

Adherencias abdominales postquirúrgicas en equinos: patofisiología, prevención y tratamiento Post-surgical abdominal adhesions in horses: pathophysiology, prevention and treatment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A pesar del gran número de investigaciones realizadas tanto en medicina humana como en medicina veterinaria, las adherencias intraabdominales continúan siendo una complicación para los cirujanos en la actualidad. El desarrollo de adherencias intraabdominales es un proceso dinámico y complejo que involucra una serie de eventos que comienzan con un proceso inflamatorio y daño tisular, seguido de desbalances en los procesos de fibrinogénesis y fibrinólisis, terminando con la conversión de fibrina a tejido fibroso. En cirugías de intestino delgado en equinos, la incidencia de adherencias va de 14 a 22%, siendo la causa más común de dolor abdominal recurrente y la segunda causa de celiotomías repetidas. Sin embargo, al incluir todas las causas de cirugías abdominales, en esta especie la incidencia de adherencias es de aproximadamente un 5%. El mayor conocimiento del mecanismo celular de la formación y reformación de adherencias debe llevar a reducir su incidencia. Actualmente, existen una serie de métodos de prevención y tratamientos destinados a disminuir o evitar la aparición de adherencias intraabdominales. El objetivo de esta revisión bibliográfica fue el de recopilar la mayor información disponible e investigaciones que expliquen de mejor manera la fisiopatología, prevención y tratamiento de la formación de adherencias intraabdominales.Despite the great number of human and veterinary medicine research, abdominal adhesions are still a big concern and a frequent complication for surgeons. The development of abdominal adhesions is a complex and dynamic process that involves a series of different mechanisms that start with an inflammatory process and tissue damage, followed by a fibrinogenic and fibrinolytic unbalance and ends with a change from fibrin deposit to fibrous tissue. In horses, after small intestine surgeries, adhesion incidence ranges from 14 to 22%. It is the most frequent cause of recurrent abdominal pain and the second cause for repeat celiotomy. Nevertheless, when all equine abdominal surgeries are included, the incidence of postoperative adhesions approximates 5%. A better understanding of the cellular mechanisms of adhesion formation and reformation should help to develop better prevention methods. Currently, a variety of prevention measures and treatments, most of them aiming to reduce or avoid adhesions formation, are used in veterinary medicine. The aim of this review is to gather most of the available information and the latest research explaining the pathophysiology, prevention and treatment of abdominal adhesions in horses.

M Werner; JS Galecio; H Bustamante

2009-01-01

249

Validation of three models predicting in-hospital death in patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm eligible for both endovascular and open repair.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVE: The Medicare, the Vascular Governance North West (VGNW), and the British Aneurysm Repair (BAR) models can be used to predict in-hospital death after an intervention for an asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Validation of these models in patients with suitable aortic anatomy for endovascular repair and a general condition fit for open repair is lacking. We validated the Medicare, VGNW, and BAR models in patients from a randomized controlled trial comparing open and endovascular AAA repair. METHODS: A per-protocol analysis was done of 345 Dutch and Belgian patients with in-hospital death as the primary end point. The prediction models were validated taking into account discrimination (the ability to distinguish between death and survival) and calibration (the agreement between predicted and observed death rates). Discrimination was assessed using the area under the receiver-operating characteristics curve (AUC). An AUC >0.70 was considered to be sufficiently accurate. Calibration was assessed using the Hosmer-Lemeshow (HL) test, and P > .05 was considered to be sufficiently accurate. RESULTS: The AUC was 0.77 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.64-0.90; HL test, P = .52) for the Medicare model, 0.88 (95% CI, 0.81-0.95; HL test, P = .31) for the VGNW model, and 0.79 (95% CI, 0.67-0.91; HL test, P = .15) for the BAR model. CONCLUSIONS: In AAA patients eligible for endovascular and open repair, the predictions of in-hospital death by the Medicare, VGNW, and BAR models were sufficiently accurate. Therefore, these models can be used to support deciding between endovascular and open repair.

van Beek SC; Blankensteijn JD; Balm R

2013-07-01

250

Síndrome de la vena cava superior en el posoperatorio inmediato de trasplante cardíaco: tratamiento endovascular/ Endovascular Treatment of Superior Vena Cava Syndrome in the Immediate Postoperative Period of Heart Transplantation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El trasplante cardíaco está indicado en pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca terminal sin opción de tratamiento médico, intervencionista o quirúrgico y puede realizarse utilizando fundamentalmente tres variantes técnicas. El beneficio de la técnica bicava en términos de parámetros hemodinámicos y clínicos la ha convertido en la más utilizada, aunque es técnicamente más demandante y puede tener algunas consecuencias, como estenosis en las anastomosis de las (more) venas cavas. En esta presentación se describe el caso de un paciente sometido a trasplante cardíaco ortotópico con técnica bicava que en el primer día del posoperatorio desarrolló el síndrome de la vena cava superior. Durante el segundo día posoperatorio y ante sintomatología progresiva, a pesar de haberse administrado anticoagulación, se decidió realizar una flebografía diagnóstica y al mismo tiempo tratamiento endovascular. En ese procedimiento se recanalizó la vena cava superior y se implantaron tres stents autoexpandibles, con lo que se logró permeabilidad de la anastomosis entre las venas cavas donante y receptora, la vena cava superior y la subclavia derecha. La evolución fue favorable con alivio inmediato de la sintomatología. El paciente fue dado de alta sin complicaciones. Heart transplantation is indicated in patients with end-stage heart failure who have no options with medical, interventional or surgical treatment. Among the three techniques available, the bicaval technique is the one most frequently used due to its hemodynamic and clinical benefits. However, it is technically more demanding and may have some consequences, as vena caval anastomotic stenosis. We describe the case of a patient who developed superior vena cava syndrome at postoperative day one of orthotopic heart transplantation with bicaval technique. At the second day symptoms progressed and, despite having initiated anticoagulation therapy, the patient underwent a diagnostic phlebography followed by endovascular treatment. After dilatation of the superior vena cava three self-expandable stents were implanted producing patent anastomosis between the donor and receptor venae cavae, the superior vena cava and the right subclavian vena. The patient had favorable outcomes with immediate symptoms relief and was discharged without complications.

Marenchino, Ricardo G; Rostagno, Román D; Belziti, César A; Albornoz, Héctor D; Domenech, Alberto; Vulcano, Norberto; García Mónaco, Ricardo D; Batelini, Roberto R

2011-10-01

251

Tratamiento endovascular de una fuga paraprotésica mitral con dispositivo Amplatzer®/ Percutaneous closure of a mitral paraprosthetic leak with an Amplatzer® device  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El leak o fuga paraprotésica mitral se presenta entre el 5 y el 17% de los pacientes tratados con cirugía de reemplazo valvular. En general, los defectos son únicos, la mayoría se encuentran localizados en la región postero-medial del anillo valvular y solo la tercera parte produce reflujo de grado grave. El cierre percutáneo por vía endovascular es una alternativa terapéutica válida en pacientes con elevado riesgo para re-operación. La estrategia de abordaje de (more) pende de la localización, tamaño, morfología y relaciones adyacentes del o los defectos. El procedimiento debe ser realizado por profesionales con experiencia en el tratamiento de cardiopatías estructurales y en el manejo de estos dispositivos de cierre, y se considera imprescindible la utilización de un ecocardiograma transesofágico tridimensional. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con una fuga paraprotésica valvular mitral que fue cerrada con un dispositivo Amplatzer ® introducido en forma percutánea desde la vena femoral. Abstract in english Mitral paraprosthetic leaks are present in 5 to 17% of patients who receive valve replacement surgery. Overall, the defects are single, most of them are located in the postero-medial region of the annulus, and only one third produce a severe reflux. Percutaneous closure by endovascular surgery is a valid therapeutic alternative in patients at high risk for re-operation. The approach depends on the location, size, morphology and relationships or neighboring defects. The pr (more) ocedure must be performed by professionals with experience in the treatment of structural heart disease and in the management of these closure devices. Guidance with three dimensional transesophageal echocardiography is considered essential. A case of a mitral paraprosthetic leak that was closed with an Amplatzer ® device introduced percutaneously from the femoral vein is here presented.

Sciegata, Alberto; Álvarez, José A; Deketele, Felipe; Alonso, José; Allín, Jorge G; Migliaro, Guillermo

2012-10-01

252

Tratamiento endovascular de una fuga paraprotésica mitral con dispositivo Amplatzer® Percutaneous closure of a mitral paraprosthetic leak with an Amplatzer® device  

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Full Text Available El leak o fuga paraprotésica mitral se presenta entre el 5 y el 17% de los pacientes tratados con cirugía de reemplazo valvular. En general, los defectos son únicos, la mayoría se encuentran localizados en la región postero-medial del anillo valvular y solo la tercera parte produce reflujo de grado grave. El cierre percutáneo por vía endovascular es una alternativa terapéutica válida en pacientes con elevado riesgo para re-operación. La estrategia de abordaje depende de la localización, tamaño, morfología y relaciones adyacentes del o los defectos. El procedimiento debe ser realizado por profesionales con experiencia en el tratamiento de cardiopatías estructurales y en el manejo de estos dispositivos de cierre, y se considera imprescindible la utilización de un ecocardiograma transesofágico tridimensional. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con una fuga paraprotésica valvular mitral que fue cerrada con un dispositivo Amplatzer ® introducido en forma percutánea desde la vena femoral.Mitral paraprosthetic leaks are present in 5 to 17% of patients who receive valve replacement surgery. Overall, the defects are single, most of them are located in the postero-medial region of the annulus, and only one third produce a severe reflux. Percutaneous closure by endovascular surgery is a valid therapeutic alternative in patients at high risk for re-operation. The approach depends on the location, size, morphology and relationships or neighboring defects. The procedure must be performed by professionals with experience in the treatment of structural heart disease and in the management of these closure devices. Guidance with three dimensional transesophageal echocardiography is considered essential. A case of a mitral paraprosthetic leak that was closed with an Amplatzer ® device introduced percutaneously from the femoral vein is here presented.

Alberto Sciegata; José A Álvarez; Felipe Deketele; José Alonso; Jorge G Allín; Guillermo Migliaro

2012-01-01

253

Improving Results of Elective Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair at a Low-Volume Hospital by Risk-Adjusted Selection of Treatment in the Endovascular Era  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Several studies have observed both higher mortality rates and lower utilization of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) at low-volume centers. This article presents the results of elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair at a low-volume center in the endovascular era and investigates whether postprocedural mortality can be improved by extension of EVAR application also in this setting. This is an 11.6-year retrospective cohort study of 132 patients undergoing elective surgical or endovascular AAA repair at a tertiary care academic hospital between 1997 and July 2008, i.e., a median volume of 12 cases per year. The study was divided into two periods of time according to the respective indications and contraindications for EVAR, which substantially changed in 2005. During period 1, only aneurysms with necks ?20 mm long and not involving the iliac arteries were treated endoluminally. Beginning in 2005, indication for EVAR was expanded to aortoiliac aneurysms with a minimum neck length of 15 mm. Preoperative risk was assessed by the SVS/AAVS comorbidity score. During the first period (1997-2004) 18.4% (16/87) of all patients received EVAR. By extending anatomical confines and indications for EVAR in 2005, the utilization rate of EVAR increased to 40.0% (18/45) during the second period (2005-July 2008; p = 0.007). Prevalence of preoperative risk factors did not change during the two observation periods. In contrast to period 1, high-risk patients were preferentially treated endoluminally during the second period, resulting in a significantly higher median SVS/AAVS score in the EVAR group (p

2009-01-01

254

Tratamiento endovascular de la insuficiencia de los ejes safenos mediante laser diodo 980 NM Great saphenous vein endoablation using diode 980 NM laser  

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Full Text Available Introducción: La enfermedad venosa crónica de las extremidades inferiores presenta una alta frecuencia en la población. El reflujo de la vena safena interna constituye la principal causa de insuficiencia venosa superficial correspondiendo al 70-80% de éstas. El tratamiento ablativo endoluminal de los ejes sáfenos surge como la necesidad de desarrollar un tratamiento mínimamente invasivo. Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados obtenidos mediante la endoablación de la vena safena interna con laser Diodo 980. Material y método: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo que incluyó 146 extremidades inferiores en las cuales se realizó endoablación de la vena safena interna con laser Diodo 980 nm por un período de 15 meses entre los años 2005 y 2007. Se evaluó la permeabilidad inmediata de la vena safena tratada con ecodoppler color y la aparición de complicaciones secundarias al procedimiento. Resultados: De los 90 pacientes tratados, el 76,6% fueron mujeres y el 23,4%, hombres. El promedio de edad fue 58 años. La oclusión de la vena safena interna después de la endoablación con laser fue de 99,32% a la semana y de 97,3% a los 3 meses. Las complicaciones observadas fueron: cordón en relación a la vena safena interna tratada en 5,4%, eritema en 5,4%, dolor en 5,4% y equimosis en 9,4%, Todas las complicaciones se resolvieron completamente sin secuelas. El 100 % de los pacientes relató mejoría de sus síntomas y estar satisfecho con el procedimiento. Conclusión: En relación a las técnicas de tratamiento convencionales para el manejo del reflujo de la vena safena interna, los métodos endovasculares presentan baja frecuencia de complicaciones, rápida recuperación y reintegro a las actividades laborales. No presentan el alto grado de neovascularización de la safenectomía quirúrgicaBackground: Great Saphenous Vein reflux is the main cause of superficial vein insufficiency. Endoluminal ablation of this vein is a minimally invasive treatment for varices. Aim: To evalúate the results of Great Saphenous Vein endoablation using Diode 980 nm laser. Material and Methods: A prospective study in 146 lower extremities of 90 patients aged 25 to 91 years (69 females), subjected to Great Saphenous Vein endoablation with Diode 980 nm laser, between 2005 and 2007. Immediate permeability of the treated Saphenous Vein was evaluated with Dúplex ultrasound. Complications related to the procedure were also recorded. Results: Great Saphenous Vein occlusion after endoablation with Diode 980 nm laser was 99% at the end of first week and 97% at 3 months. Recorded complications were induration in relation to the treated Great Saphenous Vein in 5.4%, erythema in 5.4%, pain in 5.4% and ecchymosis in 9.4%. All these complications resolved. All patients reported and improvement of symptoms and were satisfied with the procedure. Conclusions: This Endovascular method for the treatment of Great Saphenous Vein reflux has a low incidence of complications, fast recovery and return to normal activities

ALVARO E ORREGO D

2008-01-01

255

Critical aortic stenosis in a patient with a large saccular abdominal aortic aneurysm: simultaneous transcatheter aortic valve implantation and drive-by endovascular aortic aneurysm repair.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Elderly patients with aortic stenosis are often deemed too high risk, and consequently turned down for conventional surgery. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a safe and an increasingly attractive option in this group of patients. Although TAVI has been shown to be successful and safe, the cardiovascular assessment of other co-morbidities in this susceptible group of patients is critical to ensuring good clinical outcomes. The presence of a saccular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in our patient was an example of an important co-morbidity which could have a significant impact on the outcome of TAVI, if not managed appropriately. The increased systolic pressure post successful TAVI will result in an increased strain within the wall of the saccular AAA with an increased risk of rupture. Therefore, a timely management strategy for the AAA was necessary. We believe that we report the first case of simultaneous TAVI and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). The patient underwent uncomplicated transfemoral TAVI immediately followed by successful drive-by percutaneous EVAR delivered over the same superstiff guidewire via the transfemoral route. Our case highlights the importance of a detailed assessment in all patients before consideration for TAVI, and the multi-disciplinary team and a management strategy for both pathologies tailored to the patient. The case demonstrates the versatility of trans-catheter techniques which has enabled the treatment of aortic stenosis and abdominal AAA in a single procedure.

Drury-Smith M; Garnham A; Khogali S

2012-11-01

256

Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in Detection and Follow-Up of an Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Aorto-Caval Fistula and Endovascular Treatment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An aorto-caval fistula is a rare complication of a symptomatic or ruptured infrarenal aortic aneurysm having a frequency of 3-6%. Patients typically present with clinical signs of diffuse abdominal pain associated with increasing venous congestion and tachycardia, rapid cardiopulmonary decompensation with acute dyspnea, and an audible machinerylike bruit. Perioperative mortality is high, ranging from 20% to 60%. We report a case of an endovascular aortic repair in a patient with a symptomatic infrarenal aortic aneurysm and an aorto-caval fistula. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound seems to be a promising new diagnostic option for the diagnosis and preoperative treatment planning for patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms with rupture into the inferior vena cava. It is in addition to computed tomography angiography. It might allow a more rapid and noninvasive diagnosis, especially for patients in intensive care because of its bedside availability. Because the examination is dynamic, additional information about blood flow between the aorta and inferior cava vein can be evaluated.

2007-01-01

257

Correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal e artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em paciente com hemofilia C grave Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and left common iliac artery in a patient with severe hemophilia C  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A deficiência do fator XI, também conhecida como hemofilia C, é uma doença hematológica hereditária rara, que se manifesta clinicamente com hemorragia persistente após cirurgias, traumas, menorragias e extrações dentárias. Neste artigo, relatou-se a correção endovascular de um paciente com aneurisma de aorta e de artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em um paciente portador de deficiência major do fator XI (atividade do fator XI inferior a 20%). O procedimento foi realizado com sucesso, com o manuseio do distúrbio da coagulação por meio da infusão de plasma fresco no pré-operatório imediato e no pós-operatório, e controle laboratorial da coagulação do paciente.Factor XI deficiency, also known as hemophilia C, is a rare hereditary blood disease that manifests with persistent bleeding after surgery, trauma, menorrhagia, and dental extractions. This article reports an endovascular repair of a patient diagnosed with an aortic and left common iliac aneurysm, with severe factor XI deficiency (factor XI activity below 20%). The procedure was successfully performed with management of the coagulation disorder by preoperative and postoperative infusion of plasma and laboratory control of the coagulation.

Sergio Quilici Belczak; Igor Rafael Sincos; Ricardo Aun; Boulanger Mioto Neto; Manoel Lobato; Fernando Saliture; Alex Ledermain

2012-01-01

258

Correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal e artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em paciente com hemofilia C grave/ Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and left common iliac artery in a patient with severe hemophilia C  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A deficiência do fator XI, também conhecida como hemofilia C, é uma doença hematológica hereditária rara, que se manifesta clinicamente com hemorragia persistente após cirurgias, traumas, menorragias e extrações dentárias. Neste artigo, relatou-se a correção endovascular de um paciente com aneurisma de aorta e de artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em um paciente portador de deficiência major do fator XI (atividade do fator XI inferior a 20%). O procedimento foi (more) realizado com sucesso, com o manuseio do distúrbio da coagulação por meio da infusão de plasma fresco no pré-operatório imediato e no pós-operatório, e controle laboratorial da coagulação do paciente. Abstract in english Factor XI deficiency, also known as hemophilia C, is a rare hereditary blood disease that manifests with persistent bleeding after surgery, trauma, menorrhagia, and dental extractions. This article reports an endovascular repair of a patient diagnosed with an aortic and left common iliac aneurysm, with severe factor XI deficiency (factor XI activity below 20%). The procedure was successfully performed with management of the coagulation disorder by preoperative and postoperative infusion of plasma and laboratory control of the coagulation.

Belczak, Sergio Quilici; Sincos, Igor Rafael; Aun, Ricardo; Mioto Neto, Boulanger; Lobato, Manoel; Saliture, Fernando; Ledermain, Alex

2012-03-01

259

Aneurysmal sizing after endovascular repair in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm: interobserver variability of various measurement protocols and its clinical relevance  

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The aim of this study was to determine the variability of various measurement protocols for measurement of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and the clinical relevance of variability. Three radiologists performed computed tomographic angiography measurements of both the aorta and the largest portion of the aneurysm on selected axial slices. Then measurements of the largest portion of the aneurysm were performed on unselected axial slices, sagittal and coronal reformatted. Finally, aortic volume was calculated. Measurements and volume calculation were performed before and after endovascular repair and assessed: Part 1: interobserver variability for maximum anteroposterior (MAP) and maximum transverse (MTR) diameters on selected slices; part 2: interobserver variability for unselected slices considering MAP and MTR; part 3: interobserver variability considering maximum diameter in any direction (MAD); part 4: interobserver variability for sagittal (SAG) and coronal (COR) free curved multiplanar reformation (MPR); and part 5: volume calculations. We then determined which technique of measurement was the most clinically relevant for detecting changes in aneurysm size or aortic volume. Parts 1 and 2: interobserver variability was 4.1 mm for both MAP and MTR; part 3: interobserver variability was 7 mm for MAD; part 4: interobserver variability was 5.5 mm (COR) and 4.9 mm (SAG); part 5: interobserver variability for volume was 5.5 ml. A combination of MAP and MTR was the most useful for detecting aortic modification. Volume calculation was needed in only a few cases. We recommend avoiding MAD and MPR measurements and suggest instead measuring both maximum anteroposterior and maximum transverse diameters. If aneurysm size remains stable after endovascular repair, aneurysm volume should be measured. (orig.)

Abada, Hicham T.; Sapoval, Marc R.; Mousseaux, Elie; Gaux, Jean-Claude [Department of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, 20 rue Leblanc, 75015, Paris (France); Paul, Jean-Francois [Department of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, 20 rue Leblanc, 75015, Paris (France); Department of Radiology, Centre Chirugical Marie Lannelongue, 92350, Le Plessis-Robinson (France); De Maertelaer, Viviane [Statistical Unit, Interdisciplinary Research in Human Biology and Nuclear Medicine, University of Brussels, 1070, Brussels (Belgium)

2003-12-01

260

Aneurysmal sizing after endovascular repair in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm: interobserver variability of various measurement protocols and its clinical relevance  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this study was to determine the variability of various measurement protocols for measurement of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and the clinical relevance of variability. Three radiologists performed computed tomographic angiography measurements of both the aorta and the largest portion of the aneurysm on selected axial slices. Then measurements of the largest portion of the aneurysm were performed on unselected axial slices, sagittal and coronal reformatted. Finally, aortic volume was calculated. Measurements and volume calculation were performed before and after endovascular repair and assessed: Part 1: interobserver variability for maximum anteroposterior (MAP) and maximum transverse (MTR) diameters on selected slices; part 2: interobserver variability for unselected slices considering MAP and MTR; part 3: interobserver variability considering maximum diameter in any direction (MAD); part 4: interobserver variability for sagittal (SAG) and coronal (COR) free curved multiplanar reformation (MPR); and part 5: volume calculations. We then determined which technique of measurement was the most clinically relevant for detecting changes in aneurysm size or aortic volume. Parts 1 and 2: interobserver variability was 4.1 mm for both MAP and MTR; part 3: interobserver variability was 7 mm for MAD; part 4: interobserver variability was 5.5 mm (COR) and 4.9 mm (SAG); part 5: interobserver variability for volume was 5.5 ml. A combination of MAP and MTR was the most useful for detecting aortic modification. Volume calculation was needed in only a few cases. We recommend avoiding MAD and MPR measurements and suggest instead measuring both maximum anteroposterior and maximum transverse diameters. If aneurysm size remains stable after endovascular repair, aneurysm volume should be measured. (orig.)

2003-01-01

 
 
 
 
261

Tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal em pacientes com anatomia favorável para o procedimento: experiência inicial em um serviço universitário/ Endovascular treatment of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in patients with favorable anatomy for the repair: initial experience in a university hospital  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: Desde sua introdução, em 1991, o reparo endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal tem se tornado uma alternativa atraente para o tratamento dessa doença. Avaliar nossos resultados iniciais quanto à segurança e eficácia dessa técnica nos levou à realização deste estudo. OBJETIVOS: Analisar a mortalidade perioperatória, a sobrevida tardia, as reoperações, as taxas de perviedade e o comportamento do saco aneurismático em pacientes com a (more) natomia favorável para a realização do procedimento. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo longitudinal, observacional e retrospectivo realizado entre outubro de 2004 e janeiro de 2009 com 41 pacientes que foram submetidos à correção endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal infrarrenal por apresentarem anatomia favorável para o procedimento. Foram analisados os achados dos exames diagnósticos, o tratamento e o seguimento em todos os pacientes. RESULTADOS: Foram implantadas, com sucesso, 31 (75,6%) próteses bifurcadas e 10 (24,5%) monoilíacas, de 5 diferentes marcas. O diâmetro médio dos aneurismas fusiformes era de 62 mm. A mortalidade perioperatória foi de 4,8% e a sobrevida tardia, 90,2%. Durante o acompanhamento médio de 30 meses, 2 (4,8%) pacientes necessitaram de reintervenção, um por migração da endoprótese e outro por vazamento tipo II. Dois (4,8%) pacientes apresentaram oclusão de ramo da prótese. Oito (19,5%) vazamentos foram diagnosticados e não houve nenhuma rotura dos aneurismas. CONCLUSÃO: Apesar do pequeno número de pacientes, os resultados observados parecem justificar a realização do procedimento endovascular nos pacientes com anatomia favorável. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Since its introduction in 1991, endovascular repair of infrarenal aortic aneurysms has become an attractive option to treat this disease. The evaluation of our initial results about safety and efficacy of this technique has led us to carry out this study. OBJECTIVES: To analyze perioperative mortality, late survival, reoperations, patency rates and the aneurysmal sac behavior in patients with favorable anatomy for this procedure. METHODS: A longitudinal, obser (more) vational and retrospective study was conducted from October 2004 to January 2009, involving 41 patients with favorable anatomy for endovascular repair of infrarenal aortic aneurysm. The findings of diagnostic exams, the treatment and follow-up results were analyzed. RESULTS: Thirty-one (75.6%) bifurcated and 10 (24.5%) mono-iliac prosthesis of five different brands were successfully implanted. The average diameter of the fusiform aneurysms was 62 mm. Perioperative mortality rate was 4.8% and late survival was 90.2%. During the mean follow-up period of 30 months, two (4.8%) patients needed re-intervention, one for migration of the endoprosthesis and the other for type II endoleak. Two (4.8%) patients presented occlusion of an endograft branch. Eight (19.5%) endoleaks were diagnosed and there was no aneurysm rupture. CONCLUSION: Despite the small number of patients, the results seem to justify the performance of endovascular therapy in patients with favorable anatomy.

Silvestre, José Manoel da Silva; Motta, Fernando; Sardinha, Wander Eduardo; Morais Filho, Domingos de; Thomazinho, Fernando; Silvestre, Guilherme da Silva; Perozin, Igor Schincariol

2011-03-01

262

Concomitant abdominal aortic aneurysm and gastrointestinal malignancy: evolution of treatment paradigm in the endovascular era - review article.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The incidence of concomitant abdominal aortic aneurysm and gastrointestinal malignancy is rare. Current treatment strategies in patients with both lesions remain controversial. It is unclear whether to treat the AAA and gastrointestinal malignancy simultaneously or in a staged manner. In patients with concomitant AAA and gastrointestinal malignancy surgical orthodoxy dictates that the most symptomatic lesion or the most life threatening condition should be treated first, however there is a therapeutic dilemma when neither or both of the lesions are symptomatic .In this review we explore (a) Priority of treatment in patients with concomitant abdominal aortic aneurysm and gastrointestinal malignancy (b) The role of EVAR in the management of abdominal aortic aneurysm and concomitant gastrointestinal malignancy.

Mohandas S; Malik HT; Syed I

2013-01-01

263

Abdominal aorta morphometric study for endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms: comparison between spiral CT and angiography/ Estudo morfométrico da aorta abdominal para tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas aórticos: comparação entre tomografia helicoidal e angiografia  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVOS: Este trabalho visa comparar a acurácia da tomografia computadorizada e da angiografia para avaliar os aneurismas de aorta abdominal (AAA) para posterior implante de endoprótese vascular. MÉTODO: De junho de 1997 até março de 2001, foram atendidos 113 pacientes portadores de AAA, tendo sido submetidos a estudo por tomografia helicoidal computadorizada de abdome e pelve e angiografia com cateter centimetrado do eixo arterial aorto-ilíaco. A idade dos pacien (more) tes variou entre 51 e 88 anos (S:69a.), sendo 104 do sexo masculino e nove do feminino. RESULTADOS: Quando comparadas as médias dos diâmetros aferidas pela tomografia computadorizada e pela angiografia, notou-se que a diferença do diâmetro foi significativa para o colo aórtico infra-renal (r 0,05). Quando comparadas as médias das extensões aferidas pela tomografia computadorizada e pela angiografia, notou-se que a diferença das extensões foi significativa para o colo aórtico infra-renal (r Abstract in english PURPOSE: To compare the computed tomography and angiography study of abdominal aortic aneurysms for posterior endograft implant. METHOD: From June 1997 to March 2001, 113 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm were submitted to study of the aorto-iliac axis with abdominal spiral computed tomography and angiography with calibrated catheter. The patient's ages ranged from 51 and 88 years (mean: 69). There were 104 males and nine females. RESULTS: When comparing the mean co (more) mputed tomography and angiography diameters, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the infra-renal neck (p0.05). When comparing the mean lengths, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the aortic infra-renal neck (p

Espinosa, Gaudencio; Marchiori, Edson; Araújo, Adalberto Pereira de; Caramalho, Mônica Ferreira; Barzola, Pedro

2002-12-01

264

Tratamento endoluminal de aneurismas anastomóticos na aorta abdominal: relato de dois casos Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic anastomotic aneurysms: report of two cases  

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Full Text Available Os aneurismas anastomóticos que envolvem a anastomose proximal de reconstruções do território aorto-ilíaco são graves, e as operações convencionais para sua correção são complexas e passíveis de graves complicações. Apresentamos dois casos de aneurismas de anastomoses proximais de enxerto aorto-bifemoral que ocorreram após 15 e 18 anos, respectivamente, de evolução dos enxertos e que foram corrigidos pela técnica endoluminal. Ambos os pacientes evoluíram bem e foram submetidos a controle pela tomografia computadorizada com 12 e 6 meses de evolução, respectivamente, com exclusão do aneurisma.Proximal anastomosis aneurysm is a rare and severe complication in aortofemoral bypass surgery. Surgical treatment is complex and has a high morbidity and mortality rate. We report two cases of proximal anastomosis aneurysm in late follow up of aortobifemoral bypass surgery, which occurred 15 and 18 years, respectively, after the bypasses and were repaired by the endovascular technique. Both patients progressed well and were submitted to 6- and 12-month follow-up CT scans showing aneurysm exclusion.

Ricardo Aun; Fernando Tavares Saliture Neto; Alex Lederman; Hilton Waksman

2006-01-01

265

Early and late outcomes of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms: comparison with the outcomes after open surgical and endovascular aneurysm repair in literature reviews.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical characteristics, operative management and early and late outcomes of Inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms (IAAAs) in our vascular service, retrospectively and to compare with the outcomes of open and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in the patients with IAAAs in literature reviews. METHODS: Between January 1990 and December 2011, this series included twenty-four patients with IAAAs who underwent surgical treatment. The mean length of follow-up was 37.6 months (range 3-108). Kaplan-Meier life tables were used to calculate survival rate. RESULTS: Fifteen patients (60%) were symptomatic including 3 patients with hydronephrosis. Seven patients with severe symptoms underwent emergency operations. Twenty four patients underwent open surgical AAA repair. The 30 - day mortality rates were 0%. All patients had successful post operative courses and followed as outpatients in an elective situation. The ten year cumulative survival rate was 70%. The early and late mortality was the same for open repair compared to non-inflammatory AAA. CONCLUSIONS: IAAA compared with non-IAAA is associated with a higher incidence of preoperative morbidity, however operative mortality rates are lower. EVAR has lower early operative mortality rates, however, there are some problems such as remaining periaortic fibrosis and hydronephrosis in approximately half of IAAA patients after EVAR.

Maeda H; Umezawa H; Hattori T; Nakamura T; Umeda T; Kobayashi H; Kawachi H; Iida A; Shiono M

2013-02-01

266

Surveillance of patients post-endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). A web-based survey of practice in the UK.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

AIM: To evaluate the current practice of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) surveillance amongst British Society of Interventional Radiologists (BSIR) members. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A web-based survey (Surveymonkey.com) of BSIR members was performed from June 2011 to September 2011. Questions included who was responsible for organizing follow-up, techniques used in follow-up, and timing of follow-up imaging. RESULTS: The majority (46%) of follow-up is organized by radiologists. In the first year, 74% of imaging interactions involves the use of computed tomography (CT), with 40% of respondents using multiple phases. After the first year, ultrasound is utilized more frequently, usually with plain films. Most patients receive imaging at 1, 6, and 12 months, and thereafter most respondents plan on indefinite yearly follow-up. CONCLUSION: EVAR follow-up protocols in the past have been empirical rather than evidence based. The present survey shows the current range of protocols used in the UK. Despite the frequent use of CT in the first year post-EVAR, there does appear to be a trend towards using ultrasound after the first year of follow-up.

Patel A; Edwards R; Chandramohan S

2013-06-01

267

Disección de aorta: Aspectos básicos y manejo endovascular Aortic dissection: Basic aspects and endovascular management  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El tratamiento de la patología aórtica torácica se complica por la asociación con una alta mortalidad en la reparación quirúrgica, y al mismo tiempo fragilidad y gran comorbilidad en los adultos de edad avanzada. En la búsqueda por reducir la incidencia de resultados negativos, en la década pasada se introdujo la técnica de intervención por la vía de la mínima invasión, con la colocación de dispositivos del tipo stent vía endovascular. La técnica, originalmente descrita por Parodi e inicialmente diseñada para uso en la corrección de aneurismas de aorta abdominal, ha sido adoptada para el uso en la patología aórtica torácica. El mejoramiento en el entendimiento de la fisiopatología y la historia natural de la enfermedad de la aorta torácica y el análisis de los resultados, han facilitado la toma de decisiones en cuanto al tratamiento en términos del tiempo de la intervención apropiada. El tratamiento de la disección de la aorta torácica con el uso de stent endovascular, es uno de los más recientes avances en el tratamiento y hoy recibe una atención especial, al punto que es una alternativa menos invasiva; incluso la tecnología está apenas en sus primeras etapas y en los últimos años se han mejorado significativamente el diseño y el sistema de liberación de estos dispositivos endovasculares conocidos como stent-grafts. Estas prótesis se utilizan de forma creciente en el tratamiento de aneurismas, disecciones, rupturas traumáticas, úlceras penetradas gigantes y hematomas intramurales de la aorta torácica descendente, con buenos resultados tanto tempranos como a mediano plazo. La poca frecuencia, la alta complejidad y la severidad de la patología, y al mismo tiempo el alto riesgo teórico de las complicaciones que se pueden generar, deben mantener cauto al operador, especialmente cuando esta técnica se aplica en pacientes jóvenes. De manera conceptual la solución por la vía endoluminal en las fases agudas, probablemente llegue a ser la terapia preferida, aunque la técnica todavía está en proceso de refinamiento. A nivel mundial la experiencia viene en crecimiento y hoy se entienden mejor las indicaciones y las limitaciones de esta terapia innovadora. En este artículo se hace una revisión general sobre el diagnóstico clínico y el manejo de la disección aórtica y sus variantes: el hematoma intramural y la úlcera aórtica aterosclerótica.Treatment of thoracic aortic pathology is complicated by the morbidity associated to the surgical procedure and to the frailty of an elderly and difficult population. Surgical operation in this kind of population frequently bears a significant incidence of death and long term disability. In an effort to reduce the incidence of negative outcomes, minimally invasive techniques in the form of endovascular stenting have been introduced during the past decade. The technology, originally described by Parodi, and initially designed for its use in abdominal aortic aneurysms, has been adapted for the treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms. Furthermore, an improved understanding of the pathophysiology and the natural history of thoracic aortic disease as well as the analysis of the outcomes has facilitated our treatment decisions in terms of the timing for an appropriate intervention. Treatment of thoracic aortic dissection using endovascular stent is one of the more recent advances in this condition and is receiving increasing attention as it is a less invasive alternative to an open surgical repair. Although this technology is still innovative, significant improvements have been made lately in the design and deployment of the endovascular stent-grafts. These prostheses have been increasingly used to treat aneurysms, dissections and traumatic ruptures, as well as giant penetrating ulcers and intramural hematomas of the descending thoracic aorta with good early and mid-term outcomes. The rareness, complexity and severity of the pathology and the theoretically high risk of complications should render the surgeon extremely cautious

Nicolás I Jaramillo; Carlos L Alviar

2005-01-01

268

Abdominal aorta morphometric study for endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms: comparison between spiral CT and angiography; Estudo morfometrico da aorta abdominal para tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas aorticos: comparacao entre tomografia helicoidal e angiografia  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Purpose: To compare the computed tomography and angiography study of abdominal aortic aneurysms for posterior endograft implant. Method: From June 1997 to March 2001, 113 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm were submitted to study of the aorto-iliac axis with abdominal spiral computed tomography and angiography with calibrated catheter. The patient's ages ranged from 51 and 88 years (mean: 69). There were 104 males and nine females. Results: When comparing the mean computed tomography and angiography diameters, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the infra-renal neck (p<0.05) and for the aortic aneurysm diameters (p<0.001). There was no statistical difference for the iliac artery diameters (p>0.05). When comparing the mean lengths, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the aortic infra-renal neck (p<0.05), for the distance between the renal artery and the aortic bifurcation (p<0.05) and for the common iliac artery lengths (p<0.05). There was also a statistical difference for the length between the renal artery and the internal iliac artery (p<0.05). Conclusions: In the AAA pre-procedure imaging study there were statistical differences between the computed tomography and angiographic measurement studies. We believe that computed tomography is a superior method for the evaluation of diameters and the angiography with a calibrated catheter for the length evaluation. We conclude, that both methods are complementary and must be undertaken for accurate evaluation of all candidates for aortic endograft implant. (author)

Espinosa, Gaudencio [Universidade Federal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Hospital Universitario Clementino Fraga Filho. Dept. de Cirurgia Vascular; Marchiori, Edson [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Radiologia]. E-mail: edmarchiori@zipmail.com.br; Caramalho, Monica Ferreira [Hospital Miguel Couto, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Barzola, Pedro [Medtronic-AVE do Brasil, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Araujo, Adalberto Pereira de

2002-12-01

269

Abdominal aorta morphometric study for endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms: comparison between spiral CT and angiography Estudo morfométrico da aorta abdominal para tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas aórticos: comparação entre tomografia helicoidal e angiografia  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available PURPOSE: To compare the computed tomography and angiography study of abdominal aortic aneurysms for posterior endograft implant. METHOD: From June 1997 to March 2001, 113 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm were submitted to study of the aorto-iliac axis with abdominal spiral computed tomography and angiography with calibrated catheter. The patient's ages ranged from 51 and 88 years (mean: 69). There were 104 males and nine females. RESULTS: When comparing the mean computed tomography and angiography diameters, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the infra-renal neck (p0.05). When comparing the mean lengths, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the aortic infra-renal neck (pOBJETIVOS: Este trabalho visa comparar a acurácia da tomografia computadorizada e da angiografia para avaliar os aneurismas de aorta abdominal (AAA) para posterior implante de endoprótese vascular. MÉTODO: De junho de 1997 até março de 2001, foram atendidos 113 pacientes portadores de AAA, tendo sido submetidos a estudo por tomografia helicoidal computadorizada de abdome e pelve e angiografia com cateter centimetrado do eixo arterial aorto-ilíaco. A idade dos pacientes variou entre 51 e 88 anos (S:69a.), sendo 104 do sexo masculino e nove do feminino. RESULTADOS: Quando comparadas as médias dos diâmetros aferidas pela tomografia computadorizada e pela angiografia, notou-se que a diferença do diâmetro foi significativa para o colo aórtico infra-renal (r 0,05). Quando comparadas as médias das extensões aferidas pela tomografia computadorizada e pela angiografia, notou-se que a diferença das extensões foi significativa para o colo aórtico infra-renal (r < 0,05), para a distância entre a artéria renal e a bifurcação aórtica (r < 0,05) e para as artérias ilíacas comuns (r < 0,05). A comparação entre as médias também foi significativa para a extensão entre a artéria renal e a artéria ilíaca interna (r < 0,05). CONCLUSÕES: Na avaliação por imagem dos AAA houve diferenças estatísticas significativas entre os dois métodos diagnósticos. A tomografia computadorizada aparentou ser o melhor método pré-operatório para a medida dos diâmetros, e a angiografia por cateter centimetrado para a avaliação das extensões (comprimentos). Portanto, os dois métodos se complementam, devendo ser realizados na avaliação de todos os pacientes candidatos ao implante de uma endoprótese aórtica.

Gaudencio Espinosa; Edson Marchiori; Adalberto Pereira de Araújo; Mônica Ferreira Caramalho; Pedro Barzola

2002-01-01

270

Construct domain analysis of patient health-related quality of life: physical and mental trajectory profiles following open versus endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nicolas J Mouawad, Stefan W Leichtle, Jeffrey V Manchio, Richard M Lampman, Brian G Halloran, Walter M Whitehouse JrMichigan Heart and Vascular Institute, Saint Joseph Mercy Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, USAPurpose: Many clinical trials comparing the outcomes of open surgical repair (OSR) versus endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) have been conducted, with varying results. Surprisingly, few outcomes studies have closely examined perceived physical and mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL) factors through a validated survey tool. The purpose of this prospective observational study was to describe the trajectory of HRQOL measures, from baseline to 1 year after surgery, in patients undergoing OSR or EVAR for AAA, and to explore for differences in physical and mental composite scores and their construct domains (subscales) using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36®) tool.Patients and methods: Over an 18-month period, a small sample of patients undergoing elective AAA repair in a community hospital setting were prospectively enrolled. Fifteen patients undergoing OSR and twenty patients undergoing EVAR were studied. Physical and mental HRQOL parameters were assessed using the SF-36.Results: No significant differences in demographic and clinical variables were found between the OSR and EVAR groups. In the multivariable linear models with repeated measures, both groups showed a significant decline in physical health composite scores 30 days after the surgical procedure (P < 0.01). However, although the OSR group showed a statistically significant decline in three of the four physical health domains, the EVAR group declined in only one physical health domain. Only the OSR group showed a significant decline in three of the four mental health domains at 30 days; however, the decline of these domains was not reflected in the group’s mental health composite scores. By 90 days after surgery, both groups were not significantly different from their baseline in physical or mental health composite scores, or in any of their respective physical health domains.Conclusion: In this small sample of patients undergoing AAA repair, EVAR resulted in less physical and emotional decline than OSR in the early postoperative period. However, patients in both groups may return to near baseline status at 90 days.Keywords: AAA, endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), open surgical repair (OSR), Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36®), health related quality of life (HRQ)

Mouawad NJ; Leichtle SW; Manchio JV; Lampman RM; Halloran BG; Whitehouse Jr WM

2012-01-01

271

Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms with reverse taper neck anatomy using the Endurant stent-graft: analysis of stent-graft oversizing.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: To evaluate endovascular repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) using the Endurant stent-graft and compare the outcomes of patients with different neck anatomies, particularly as pertains to stent-graft oversizing. METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted of 75 consecutive patients (69 men; mean age 75 years) undergoing endovascular AAA repair using the Endurant Stent Graft System from December 2008 to September 2011. The mean AAA size was 57±10 mm (range 51-92), with a mean proximal neck length of 33±10 mm (9-127) and a mean infrarenal neck angulation of 25°±15° (0°-91°). Patients were stratified according to neck anatomy [reverse taper (n=22) vs. inside (n=44) and outside (n=9) the Instructions for Use (IFU) criteria]. Standard safety and efficacy outcome measures were augmented by measurements of the percent oversizing at the proximal and distal neck and volumes of the proximal neck and stent-graft. RESULTS: Technical success was 100% in all groups, with no early or late type Ia endoleak detected in any group. Procedure time, contrast volumes, and radiation dosages were comparable in all groups. The reverse taper neck group had stent-graft diameters and volumes that were significantly larger (p=0.007) than the other groups. The proximal neck oversizing of the endograft was significantly greater (p=0.008) in the reverse taper neck group (42.9%±17.5%) compared to the within the IFU group (30.1%±11.7%). Over a mean follow-up of 20 months (range 14-46), there were no aneurysm-related deaths and 9 type II endoleaks (5 in the reverse taper neck group; overall, 3 were treated and 6 resolved spontaneously). The outside the IFU group suffered no endoleak of any type and had no secondary interventions. CONCLUSION: The Endurant stent-graft can be utilized with acceptable results in more challenging neck anatomies, such as those with a reverse taper, as long as there is adequate oversizing of the stent-graft.

Mwipatayi BP; Picardo A; Wong J; Thomas SD; Vijayan V

2013-08-01

272

Technique of aortic replacement through endovascular stenting before aortic wall resection for primary leiomyosarcoma of the abdominal aorta.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Tumors involving the aorta represent a challenging situation because the surgical approach can lead to blood loss and/or clamping-related complications such as ischemia, thrombosis, or reperfusion syndromes. We describe the technique of aortic endograft placement to cover part of the abdominal aorta and provide conditions for extensive aortic wall resection, without clamping or blood loss, followed immediately by aortic reconstruction with bovine pericardium. This technique also allows the surgeon to wait for the results of freeze biopsy without additional clamping time, thus avoiding the risk of leaving residual tumor cells in the aortic wall.

Presti C; Casella IB

2012-10-01

273

Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms involving iliac bifurcation: role of iliac branch graft device in prevention of buttock claudication.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe our early experience with the use of iliac branch grafts (IBGs) in aortoiliac aneurysm repair at our institution and to evaluate the technical feasibility, short-term patency rate, and potential clinical benefits, with special focus on prevention of buttock claudication. METHODS: From March 2009 to November 2010, 9 consecutive patients (all men), mean age 71.1 years (range 62-80 years), underwent IBG implantation at our institution. Indications were abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with common iliac artery (CIA) involvement (n = 7), bilateral CIA aneurysm (n = 1), and AAA with bilateral CIA and unilateral IIA involvement (n = 1). Postoperative endoleaks and patency rate were determined with computed tomography (CT) within 1 month of implantation and 1 year thereafter, with concurrent clinical evaluation for pelvic ischemia. Mean follow-up period was 14.7 (range 9-29) months. RESULTS: Technical success rate, as defined by successful implantation of the iliac branch graft (IBG) with no intraprocedural type I or type III endoleak, was 100%. The mean hospitalization duration was 4 days (range 3-6 days), with 0% mortality at 30 days. There were 3 cases of type II endoleak detected perioperatively, which were treated conservatively. Two endoleaks sealed spontaneously on the 1-month CT scan and 1 persists without aneurysm sac expansion. All stent-implanted aortic and iliac aneurysms remained stable in size during follow-up, with no aneurysm rupture or death recorded. All stent-implanted iliac branches remained patent on follow-up and all patients were asymptomatic. CONCLUSIONS: Iliac branch graft placement is a feasible technique with excellent short-term results in the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms involving the iliac bifurcation. This technique can efficiently prevent buttock claudication.

Fernández-Alonso L; Fernández-Alonso S; Grijalba FU; Fariña ES; Aguilar EM; Alegret Solé JF; Pascual MA; Centeno R

2013-10-01

274

Automatic pose initialization for accurate 2D/3D registration applied to abdominal aortic aneurysm endovascular repair  

Science.gov (United States)

Minimally invasive abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) stenting can be greatly facilitated by overlaying the preoperative 3-D model of the abdominal aorta onto the intra-operative 2-D X-ray images. Accurate 2-D/3-D registration in 3-D space makes the 2-D/3-D overlay robust to the change of C-Arm angulations. By far, the 2-D/3-D registration methods based on simulated X-ray projection images using multiple image planes have been shown to be able to provide satisfactory 3-D registration accuracy. However, one drawback of the intensity-based 2-D/3-D registration methods is that the similarity measure is usually highly non-convex and hence the optimizer can easily be trapped into local minima. User interaction therefore is often needed in the initialization of the position of the 3-D model in order to get a successful 2-D/3-D registration. In this paper, a novel 3-D pose initialization technique is proposed, as an extension of our previously proposed bi-plane 2-D/3-D registration method for AAA intervention [4]. The proposed method detects vessel bifurcation points and spine centerline in both 2-D and 3-D images, and utilizes landmark information to bring the 3-D volume into a 15mm capture range. The proposed landmark detection method was validated on real dataset, and is shown to be able to provide a good initialization for 2-D/3-D registration in [4], thus making the workflow fully automatic.

Miao, Shun; Lucas, Joseph; Liao, Rui

2012-02-01

275

A randomized controlled trial of endovascular aneurysm repair versus open surgery for abdominal aortic aneurysms in low- to moderate-risk patients.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: Several studies, including three randomized controlled trials (RCTs), have shown that endovascular repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) offered better early results than open surgical repair (OSR) but a similar medium-term to long-term mortality and a higher incidence of reinterventions. Thus, the role of EVAR, most notably in low-risk patients, remains debated. METHODS: The ACE (Anevrysme de l'aorte abdominale: Chirurgie versus Endoprothese) trial compared mortality and major adverse events after EVAR and OSR in patients with AAA anatomically suitable for EVAR and at low-risk or intermediate-risk for open surgery. A total of 316 patients with >5 cm aneurysms were randomized in institutions with proven expertise for both treatments: 299 patients were available for analysis, and 149 were assigned to OSR and 150 to EVAR. Patients were monitored for 5 years after treatment. Statistical analysis was by intention to treat. RESULTS: With a median follow-up of 3 years (range, 0-4.8 years), there was no difference in the cumulative survival free of death or major events rates between OSR and EVAR: 95.9% ± 1.6% vs 93.2% ± 2.1% at 1 year and 85.1% ± 4.5% vs 82.4% ± 3.7% at 3 years, respectively (P = .09). In-hospital mortality (0.6% vs 1.3%; P = 1.0), survival, and the percentage of minor complications were not statistically different. In the EVAR group, however, the crude percentage of reintervention was higher (2.4% vs 16%, P < .0001), with a trend toward a higher aneurysm-related mortality (0.7% vs 4%; P = .12). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with low to intermediate risk factors, open repair of AAA is as safe as EVAR and remains a more durable option.

Becquemin JP; Pillet JC; Lescalie F; Sapoval M; Goueffic Y; Lermusiaux P; Steinmetz E; Marzelle J

2011-05-01

276

C-Arm CT - An Adjunct to DSA for Endoleak Classification in Patients with Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Purpose: To assess the benefit of C-arm CT for classification and procedural guidance during interventional therapy of endoleaks (EL) after endovascular repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA).Materials and Methods: 12 patients with EL diagnosed with CT but undetermined EL classification (ELC) underwent DSA and transarterial contrast-enhanced C-arm CT. ELC (based on DSA, C-arm CT and CT) assessed during the angiographic procedure served as the standard of reference (SOR). Subsequently, ELC was assessed by a blinded second reader based on DSA or C-arm CT and compared to the SOR. In the case of an interventional procedure (n = 6), the added value of C-arm CT for procedure guidance was assessed retrospectively (1: essential, 2: helpful, 3: additional information without impact, 4: no additional information).Results: The blinded reader classified 9/12 EL using DSA alone and 11/12 EL using C-arm CT alone. In one patient, the temporal resolution provided by DSA was essential to establish the diagnosis. In 6 patients, a type 2 EL without need for therapy was diagnosed. The remaining 6 patients showed EL that were treated immediately (type 1 EL, n = 4: 3 stent graft extensions and one angioplasty; type 2 EL, n = 1: translumbar embolization; type 3 EL, n = 1: sealing of a fabric tear). The information provided by C-arm CT was assessed to be essential in three patients and helpful in two.Conclusion: C-arm CT is an ideal adjunct to DSA. In our pilot study, it helped to localize and classify endoleaks more reliably than DSA alone.Citation Format:

Wacker FK; Valdeig S; Raatschen HJ; Meyer BC

2013-09-01

277

Health Related Quality of Life after Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Open and Endovascular Techniques—A Two-Year Follow Up  

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Full Text Available Background: Patients with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm can be treated with two different surgical methods: Open repair (OR) or Endovascular Aortic Repair (EVAR). These two different treatments can probably result in different sense of Health related Quality of life, both in a short term and a long term perspective. The purpose of this prospective study was to examine patients’ Health related Quality of life after surgical treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm over two years using different instruments for the observations. Methods: Patients were invited consecutively to answer questionnaires before operation, and 1, 12 and 24 months after surgery. The study was conducted by using the Health related Quality of life questionnaires Short Form (SF-36) and Nottingham Health Profile (NHP). 76 patient (40 in the OR and 36 in the EVAR group) participated in the study. The mean age in the OR group were 68 years, range 52 - 80 and in the EVAR group 75 years, range 65 - 85. The results from these two groups of patients were compared to a matched reference group. Results: Patients treated with EVAR rated their Health related Quality of life significantly lower in the domain of Mental Health and Mental Component Score in relation to a matched reference population before surgery. This difference was not present two years after intervention. After one month Health related qualities of life were worse for the OR group. After two years significant improvements in relation to baseline were observed only among patients in the OR group. No such long-term benefits were seen in the EVAR group. Conclusions: As the component mental health seemed to be impaired for these study group before surgery in relation to the matched reference group, nursing and doctors care actions may be of importance during the pre-operative phase. In the short perspective Health related Quality of life is worse for OR patients than the EVAR group but in the long term perspective improvements beyond preoperative status can only be seen with OR patients.

Monica Pettersson; Ingegerd Bergbom; Erney Mattsson

2012-01-01

278

Successful staged management of simultaneous abdominal aortic aneurysm and renal tumor: the novel minimally invasive treatment with endovascular aneurysm repair and retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in an elderly and high-risk case  

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Full Text Available The association between abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and renal tumor is becoming more frequent, and the increasing incidence of this synchronous diseases raised questions about the procedures of treatment. In most of the previous cases, open nephrectomy and AAA surgery have been reported, however in high risk and elderly patients, the procedure is life threatening. We present a successful staged treatment of AAA and renal tumor using novel minimally invasive treatment with endovascular aneurysm repair and retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in an elderly and high-risk case.

Satoru Kira; Norifumi Sawada; Shouji Kudou; Hidenori Zakoji; Shigeaki Kaga; Masahiko Matsumoto; Masayuki Takeda

2012-01-01

279

Fatores envolvidos na migração das endopróteses em pacientes submetidos ao tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal/ Factors involved in the migration of endoprosthesis in patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese A migração da endoprótese é complicação do tratamento endovascular definida como deslocamento da ancoragem inicial. Para avaliação da migração, verifica-se a posição da endoprótese em relação a determinada região anatômica. Considerando o aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal, a área proximal de referência consiste na origem da artéria renal mais baixa e, na região distal, situa-se nas artérias ilíacas internas. Os pacientes deverão ser monitori (more) zados por longos períodos, a fim de serem identificadas migrações, visto que estas ocorrem normalmente após 2 anos de implante. Para evitar migrações, forças mecânicas que propiciam fixação, determinadas por características dos dispositivos e incorporação da endoprótese, devem predominar sobre forças gravitacionais e hemodinâmicas que tendem a arrastar a prótese no sentido caudal. Angulação, extensão e diâmetro do colo, além da medida transversa do saco aneurismático, são importantes aspectos morfológicos do aneurisma relacionados à migração. Com relação à técnica, não se recomenda implante de endopróteses com sobredimensionamento excessivo (> 30%), por provocar dilatação do colo do aneurisma, além de dobras e vazamentos proximais que também contribuem para a migração. Por outro lado, endopróteses com mecanismos adicionais de fixação (ganchos, farpas e fixação suprarrenal) parecem apresentar menos migrações. O processo de incorporação das endopróteses ocorre parcialmente e parece não ser suficiente para impedir migrações tardias. Nesse sentido, estudos experimentais com endopróteses de maior porosidade e uso de substâncias que permitam maior fibroplasia e aderência da prótese à artéria vêm sendo realizados e parecem ser promissores. Esses aspectos serão discutidos nesta revisão. Abstract in english Migration of the endoprosthesis is defined as the misplacement of its initial fixation. To assess the migration, the position of the endoprosthesis regarding a certain anatomic region is verified. Considering the aneurysm of the infrarenal abdominal aorta, the proximal area of reference is the origin of the lowest renal artery and, at the distal region, it is located next to the internal iliac arteries. Patients should be monitored for long periods so that migrations can (more) be identified; these migrations usually occur 2 years after the implantation. To avoid migrations, mechanical forces that enable fixation and that are determined by the characteristics of the devices and by the incorporation of the endoprosthesis should predominate over gravitational and hemodynamic forces, which tend to drag the prosthesis toward to caudal direction. Angulation, extension, and diameter of the neck, and transversal measure of the aneurysmatic sac are important morphological aspects related to migration. In relation to the technique, endoprosthesis implantation with excessive oversizing (> 30%) is not recommended because it leads to aortic neck dilatation, folds and proximal leakage that also contribute to migration. On the other hand, endoprosthesis with additional fixation devices (hooks, barbs and suprarenal fixation) seem to be less associated with migration. The process of endoprosthesis incorporation is partial and does not seem to be enough to prevent later migrations. In this sense, experimental studies with endoprosthesis of higher porosity, as well as the use of substances that allow higher fibroplasia and adherence of the prosthesis to the artery, have been conducted and are promising. Such aspects are discussed in the present review of the literature.

Almeida, Marcelo José de; Yoshida, Winston Bonetti; Hafner, Ludvig; Santos, Juliana Henrique dos; Souza, Bruno Felipe; Bueno, Flávia Fagundes; Evangelista, Janaína Lopes; Schiavão, Lucas José Vaz

2010-06-01

280

Fatores envolvidos na migração das endopróteses em pacientes submetidos ao tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal Factors involved in the migration of endoprosthesis in patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair  

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Full Text Available A migração da endoprótese é complicação do tratamento endovascular definida como deslocamento da ancoragem inicial. Para avaliação da migração, verifica-se a posição da endoprótese em relação a determinada região anatômica. Considerando o aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal, a área proximal de referência consiste na origem da artéria renal mais baixa e, na região distal, situa-se nas artérias ilíacas internas. Os pacientes deverão ser monitorizados por longos períodos, a fim de serem identificadas migrações, visto que estas ocorrem normalmente após 2 anos de implante. Para evitar migrações, forças mecânicas que propiciam fixação, determinadas por características dos dispositivos e incorporação da endoprótese, devem predominar sobre forças gravitacionais e hemodinâmicas que tendem a arrastar a prótese no sentido caudal. Angulação, extensão e diâmetro do colo, além da medida transversa do saco aneurismático, são importantes aspectos morfológicos do aneurisma relacionados à migração. Com relação à técnica, não se recomenda implante de endopróteses com sobredimensionamento excessivo (> 30%), por provocar dilatação do colo do aneurisma, além de dobras e vazamentos proximais que também contribuem para a migração. Por outro lado, endopróteses com mecanismos adicionais de fixação (ganchos, farpas e fixação suprarrenal) parecem apresentar menos migrações. O processo de incorporação das endopróteses ocorre parcialmente e parece não ser suficiente para impedir migrações tardias. Nesse sentido, estudos experimentais com endopróteses de maior porosidade e uso de substâncias que permitam maior fibroplasia e aderência da prótese à artéria vêm sendo realizados e parecem ser promissores. Esses aspectos serão discutidos nesta revisão.Migration of the endoprosthesis is defined as the misplacement of its initial fixation. To assess the migration, the position of the endoprosthesis regarding a certain anatomic region is verified. Considering the aneurysm of the infrarenal abdominal aorta, the proximal area of reference is the origin of the lowest renal artery and, at the distal region, it is located next to the internal iliac arteries. Patients should be monitored for long periods so that migrations can be identified; these migrations usually occur 2 years after the implantation. To avoid migrations, mechanical forces that enable fixation and that are determined by the characteristics of the devices and by the incorporation of the endoprosthesis should predominate over gravitational and hemodynamic forces, which tend to drag the prosthesis toward to caudal direction. Angulation, extension, and diameter of the neck, and transversal measure of the aneurysmatic sac are important morphological aspects related to migration. In relation to the technique, endoprosthesis implantation with excessive oversizing (> 30%) is not recommended because it leads to aortic neck dilatation, folds and proximal leakage that also contribute to migration. On the other hand, endoprosthesis with additional fixation devices (hooks, barbs and suprarenal fixation) seem to be less associated with migration. The process of endoprosthesis incorporation is partial and does not seem to be enough to prevent later migrations. In this sense, experimental studies with endoprosthesis of higher porosity, as well as the use of substances that allow higher fibroplasia and adherence of the prosthesis to the artery, have been conducted and are promising. Such aspects are discussed in the present review of the literature.

Marcelo José de Almeida; Winston Bonetti Yoshida; Ludvig Hafner; Juliana Henrique dos Santos; Bruno Felipe Souza; Flávia Fagundes Bueno; Janaína Lopes Evangelista; Lucas José Vaz Schiavão

2010-01-01

 
 
 
 
281

Evaluation of the proximal aortic neck enlargement following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: 3-years experience  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this study was to evaluate incidence, potential risk factors and effects on stent-graft migration of proximal neck dilatation after endoluminal repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR), and the role of ultrasound (US) in detecting neck enlargement. From November 1998 to October 2001, 90 patients underwent EVAR. On follow-up, US and CT angiography (CTA) were performed, and diameters of the suprarenal and infrarenal aortic necks were monitored. Incidence of significant neck enlargement (?2.5 mm) and distal stent-graft migration (>10 mm) was calculated. Several factors were evaluated as predictive of neck enlargement. Ultrasound and CTA measurements were compared. The US and CTA examinations were available in 68, 39, and 11 patients at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up (mean follow-up 15 months). Incidence of significant neck dilatation was 21.8% at the infrarenal level (13, 33, and 36% at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up) and 13.8% at the suprarenal level (9, 18, and 27% at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up). Significant stent-graft migration occurred in 14 of 87 patients (16%) and was associated with neck dilatation in 8 (2 suprarenal and 6 infrarenal). No risk factors were identified. Ultrasound was less accurate than CT in measuring neck diameter, in particular at the suprarenal level. Proximal aortic neck enlargement occurs in up to 30% of patients after EVAR and represents the main risk factor for stent-graft migration. The risk of infrarenal neck dilatation is higher at 2 years follow-up, whereas the suprarenal neck enlarges later. Ultrasound is not useful in monitoring neck diameter. (orig.)

2003-01-01

282

Evaluation of the proximal aortic neck enlargement following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: 3-years experience  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The aim of this study was to evaluate incidence, potential risk factors and effects on stent-graft migration of proximal neck dilatation after endoluminal repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR), and the role of ultrasound (US) in detecting neck enlargement. From November 1998 to October 2001, 90 patients underwent EVAR. On follow-up, US and CT angiography (CTA) were performed, and diameters of the suprarenal and infrarenal aortic necks were monitored. Incidence of significant neck enlargement ({>=}2.5 mm) and distal stent-graft migration (>10 mm) was calculated. Several factors were evaluated as predictive of neck enlargement. Ultrasound and CTA measurements were compared. The US and CTA examinations were available in 68, 39, and 11 patients at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up (mean follow-up 15 months). Incidence of significant neck dilatation was 21.8% at the infrarenal level (13, 33, and 36% at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up) and 13.8% at the suprarenal level (9, 18, and 27% at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up). Significant stent-graft migration occurred in 14 of 87 patients (16%) and was associated with neck dilatation in 8 (2 suprarenal and 6 infrarenal). No risk factors were identified. Ultrasound was less accurate than CT in measuring neck diameter, in particular at the suprarenal level. Proximal aortic neck enlargement occurs in up to 30% of patients after EVAR and represents the main risk factor for stent-graft migration. The risk of infrarenal neck dilatation is higher at 2 years follow-up, whereas the suprarenal neck enlarges later. Ultrasound is not useful in monitoring neck diameter. (orig.)

Napoli, Vinicio; Bargellini, Irene; Petruzzi, Pasquale; Cioni, Roberto; Vignali, Claudio; Bartolozzi, Carlo [Division of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Department of Oncology, Transplants and Advanced Technologies in Medicine, University of Pisa, Via Roma 67, 56126, Pisa (Italy); Sardella, Savino G.; Ferrari, Mauro [Division of Vascular Surgery, Cisanello Hospital, Pisa (Italy)

2003-08-01

283

Fluid-structure interaction of a patient-specific abdominal aortic aneurysm treated with an endovascular stent-graft  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are local dilatations of the infrarenal aorta. If left untreated they may rupture and lead to death. One form of treatment is the minimally invasive insertion of a stent-graft into the aneurysm. Despite this effective treatment aneurysms may occasionally continue to expand and this may eventually result in post-operative rupture of the aneurysm. Fluid-structure interaction (FSI) is a particularly useful tool for investigating aneurysm biomechanics as both the wall stresses and fluid forces can be examined. Methods Pre-op, Post-op and Follow-up models were reconstructed from CT scans of a single patient and FSI simulations were performed on each model. The FSI approach involved coupling Abaqus and Fluent via a third-party software - MpCCI. Aneurysm wall stress and compliance were investigated as well as the drag force acting on the stent-graft. Results Aneurysm wall stress was reduced from 0.38 MPa before surgery to a value of 0.03 MPa after insertion of the stent-graft. Higher stresses were seen in the aneurysm neck and iliac legs post-operatively. The compliance of the aneurysm was also reduced post-operatively. The peak Post-op axial drag force was found to be 4.85 N. This increased to 6.37 N in the Follow-up model. Conclusion In a patient-specific case peak aneurysm wall stress was reduced by 92%. Such a reduction in aneurysm wall stress may lead to shrinkage of the aneurysm over time. Hence, post-operative stress patterns may help in determining the likelihood of aneurysm shrinkage post EVAR. Post-operative remodelling of the aneurysm may lead to increased drag forces.

Molony David S; Callanan Anthony; Kavanagh Eamon G; Walsh Michael T; McGloughlin Tim M

2009-01-01

284

Construct domain analysis of patient health-related quality of life: physical and mental trajectory profiles following open versus endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: Many clinical trials comparing the outcomes of open surgical repair (OSR) versus endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) have been conducted, with varying results. Surprisingly, few outcomes studies have closely examined perceived physical and mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL) factors through a validated survey tool. The purpose of this prospective observational study was to describe the trajectory of HRQOL measures, from baseline to 1 year after surgery, in patients undergoing OSR or EVAR for AAA, and to explore for differences in physical and mental composite scores and their construct domains (subscales) using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36(®)) tool. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Over an 18-month period, a small sample of patients undergoing elective AAA repair in a community hospital setting were prospectively enrolled. Fifteen patients undergoing OSR and twenty patients undergoing EVAR were studied. Physical and mental HRQOL parameters were assessed using the SF-36. RESULTS: No significant differences in demographic and clinical variables were found between the OSR and EVAR groups. In the multivariable linear models with repeated measures, both groups showed a significant decline in physical health composite scores 30 days after the surgical procedure (P < 0.01). However, although the OSR group showed a statistically significant decline in three of the four physical health domains, the EVAR group declined in only one physical health domain. Only the OSR group showed a significant decline in three of the four mental health domains at 30 days; however, the decline of these domains was not reflected in the group's mental health composite scores. By 90 days after surgery, both groups were not significantly different from their baseline in physical or mental health composite scores, or in any of their respective physical health domains. CONCLUSION: In this small sample of patients undergoing AAA repair, EVAR resulted in less physical and emotional decline than OSR in the early postoperative period. However, patients in both groups may return to near baseline status at 90 days.

Mouawad NJ; Leichtle SW; Manchio JV; Lampman RM; Halloran BG; Whitehouse WM Jr

2013-01-01

285

Resultados del tratamiento endovascular de la patología carotídea en el Hospital San Juan de Dios de Enero 2007 a Febrero 2010/ Results of endovascular management of carotid disease at San Juan de Dios Hospital from January 2007 to February 2010  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Justificación y objetivo: Determinar la morbi-mortalidad de los pacientes con enfermedad carotídea tratados por medio de stent en el Hospital San Juan de Dios, Costa Rica; de Enero 2007 a Febrero 2010. Métodos: Se realizó un registro retrospectivo observacional de los pacientes con Enfermedad Carotídea durante 13 meses en nuestro instituto. Basado en la información obtenida de los expedientes clínicos, dos subgrupos fueron identificados: pacientes sintomáticos y a (more) sintomáticos. Los factores de riesgo, escala ABCD2, territorio cerebral afectado, medidas de severidad de lesión no-invasiva e invasivas, tamaño de stents y finalmente complicaciones peri-operatorias, fueron investigadas y evaluadas. Resultados: 76 pacientes fueron identificados en nuestra serie, 87% (n=66/76) sintomáticos y 13% (n=10/76) asintomáticos. La Hipertensión Arterial fue el factor de riesgo más frecuente, seguido por el tabaquismo. Se evidenció una sub-estimación de la severidad de la lesión en los ultrasonidos diagnósticos en 24% (n=18/76) de los pacientes. Durante el procedimiento, se documentó predilatación de la lesión en 55% (n=42/76) de los pacientes y los stents más frecuentemente utilizados fueron de 7x30mm y 8x30mm representando un 47% (n=36/76) de los casos. La morbilidad neurológica de los pacientes asintomáticos fue del 0% y en el subgrupo de pacientes sintomáticos fue del 3% (2/66). Conclusión: La terapia endovascular demostró ser una técnica segura y efectiva para la revascularización carotídea. Series más numerosas de pacientes deberían ser investigadas para adquirir mayor significancia estadística. Abstract in english Background and aim: To determine the morbi-mortality of patients treated with endovascular stenting for Carotid Artery disease at San Juan de Dios Hospital, Costa Rica; from January 2007 to February 2010. Methods: A retrospective observational registry of patients treated with Carotid Artery endovascular stenting was maintained at our institution over 13 months. Based on the information acquired from medical records, two subgroups were identified: symptomatic and asymptom (more) atic. Some aspects were researched and evaluated such as risk factors, ABCD scale, affected cerebral territory, invasive and non-invasive lesion measurements, stent sizing and finally peri-operatory complications. Results: 76 patients were identified in this series, 87% (n=66/76) symptomatic and 13% (n=10/76) asymptomatic. The most frequent risk factor was hypertension, followed by smoking. Underestimation by ultrasound of lesion severity was found in up to 24% (n=18/76) of patients. Predilatation was done in 55% (n=42/76) and most frequent stent sizes identified were 7x30mm or 8x30mm in 47% (n=36/76) of patients. Neurologic morbidity of asymtomatic patients was 0%, and in the symptomatic group was a 3% (2/66) Conclusion: Endovascular therapy demonstrated to be a safe and effective as a revascularization technique; however larger patient series should be investigated for grater statistical significance.

Fonseca-Bolaños, Christian; Montero-Baker, Miguel; Vásquez-Céspedes, Johana; Jiménez-Juárez, Róger; Morelli-Guillen, Luis

2012-03-01

286

Resultados del tratamiento endovascular de la patología carotídea en el Hospital San Juan de Dios de Enero 2007 a Febrero 2010 Results of endovascular management of carotid disease at San Juan de Dios Hospital from January 2007 to February 2010  

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Full Text Available Justificación y objetivo: Determinar la morbi-mortalidad de los pacientes con enfermedad carotídea tratados por medio de stent en el Hospital San Juan de Dios, Costa Rica; de Enero 2007 a Febrero 2010. Métodos: Se realizó un registro retrospectivo observacional de los pacientes con Enfermedad Carotídea durante 13 meses en nuestro instituto. Basado en la información obtenida de los expedientes clínicos, dos subgrupos fueron identificados: pacientes sintomáticos y asintomáticos. Los factores de riesgo, escala ABCD2, territorio cerebral afectado, medidas de severidad de lesión no-invasiva e invasivas, tamaño de stents y finalmente complicaciones peri-operatorias, fueron investigadas y evaluadas. Resultados: 76 pacientes fueron identificados en nuestra serie, 87% (n=66/76) sintomáticos y 13% (n=10/76) asintomáticos. La Hipertensión Arterial fue el factor de riesgo más frecuente, seguido por el tabaquismo. Se evidenció una sub-estimación de la severidad de la lesión en los ultrasonidos diagnósticos en 24% (n=18/76) de los pacientes. Durante el procedimiento, se documentó predilatación de la lesión en 55% (n=42/76) de los pacientes y los stents más frecuentemente utilizados fueron de 7x30mm y 8x30mm representando un 47% (n=36/76) de los casos. La morbilidad neurológica de los pacientes asintomáticos fue del 0% y en el subgrupo de pacientes sintomáticos fue del 3% (2/66). Conclusión: La terapia endovascular demostró ser una técnica segura y efectiva para la revascularización carotídea. Series más numerosas de pacientes deberían ser investigadas para adquirir mayor significancia estadística.Background and aim: To determine the morbi-mortality of patients treated with endovascular stenting for Carotid Artery disease at San Juan de Dios Hospital, Costa Rica; from January 2007 to February 2010. Methods: A retrospective observational registry of patients treated with Carotid Artery endovascular stenting was maintained at our institution over 13 months. Based on the information acquired from medical records, two subgroups were identified: symptomatic and asymptomatic. Some aspects were researched and evaluated such as risk factors, ABCD scale, affected cerebral territory, invasive and non-invasive lesion measurements, stent sizing and finally peri-operatory complications. Results: 76 patients were identified in this series, 87% (n=66/76) symptomatic and 13% (n=10/76) asymptomatic. The most frequent risk factor was hypertension, followed by smoking. Underestimation by ultrasound of lesion severity was found in up to 24% (n=18/76) of patients. Predilatation was done in 55% (n=42/76) and most frequent stent sizes identified were 7x30mm or 8x30mm in 47% (n=36/76) of patients. Neurologic morbidity of asymtomatic patients was 0%, and in the symptomatic group was a 3% (2/66) Conclusion: Endovascular therapy demonstrated to be a safe and effective as a revascularization technique; however larger patient series should be investigated for grater statistical significance.

Christian Fonseca-Bolaños; Miguel Montero-Baker; Johana Vásquez-Céspedes; Róger Jiménez-Juárez; Luis Morelli-Guillen

2012-01-01

287

Tratamiento de los defectos congénitos de la pared abdominal (gastrosquisis y onfalocele) en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, 1998-2006  

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Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: la gastrosquisis y el onfalocele son malformaciones neonatales de la pared abdominal que, a pesar de sus grandes diferencias, comparten el manifestarse por herniación de las vísceras intraabdominales a través de un defecto de la pared abdominal. Los niños con estas enfermedades se presentan como emergencias quirúrgicas que plantean un reto al cirujano tratante. Tienen una tasa de mortalidad que oscila entre 40 y 60% aun con el tratamiento apropiado y se asocian a un amplio rango de malformaciones, principalmente en los que tienen diagnóstico de onfalocele. El objetivo de la presente revisión retrospectiva fue describir el tratamiento y los resultados obtenidos en estos pacientes, entre 1998 y 2006, en el Servicio de Cirugía infantil del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, de Medellín, Colombia. PACIENTES Y MÉTODOS: se evaluaron todos los pacientes que ingresaron al Servicio de Cirugía infantil del HUSVP con diagnóstico de gastrosquisis u onfalocele, entre el 1 de enero de 1998 y el 31 de diciembre de 2006. Se definió el tipo de tratamiento que se les realizó y, de acuerdo con este, se revisaron los resultados; las complicaciones posquirúrgicas, tales como la infección del sitio operatorio, evisceración, sepsis, íleus e hipertensión intraabdominal; el tiempo de inicio de la vía oral y de la nutrición parenteral total (NPT); la duración de la estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos y en el hospital. RESULTADOS: se identificaron 55 pacientes, 32 con gastrosquisis y 23 con onfalocele, todos ellos tratados quirúrgicamente. El tipo más frecuente de cirugía fue el cierre primario (56,4%); en cuanto al cierre por etapas, el procedimiento más utilizado fue el silo en 21,8% de los niños. En el 75,9% de los pacientes se presentó alguna complicación, más frecuentemente la sepsis, y cuando se evaluaron las complicaciones asociadas al procedimiento quirúrgico, el porcentaje fue similar para el cierre primario y el cierre por etapas. El inicio de la vía oral fue más temprano en los pacientes con cierre primario. Los pacientes con gastrosquisis requirieron mayor tiempo en la UCI y en el hospital. La tasa global de mortalidad fue del 29%, mayor en los pacientes con onfalocele.

María Elena Arango Rave; Natalia Herrera Toro; Paula Jaramillo Gómez

2008-01-01

288

Endovascular treatment of hemoptysis: influence of the type of pathology on the post embolization prognosis; Tratamiento endovascular de la hemoptisis: influencia del tipo de patologia en el pronostico postembolizacion  

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To describe the course of patients with hemoptysis following embolization of the arteries involved, assessing the incidence of re bleeding in patients grouped according to type of pathology. Over the past five years, we have carried out 77 embolization in bronchial and other systemic arteries in 64 patients (46 men and 18 women) ranging in age from 18 to 83 years (mean: 54{+-}15 years). The underlying diseases were active tuberculosis (n=11), latent tuberculosis (n=15), bronchiectasis (n=14), aspergilloma (n=3), pulmonary neoplasm (n=10), lung abscess (n=10) and miscellaneous conditions (n=10). Rebleeding occurred in 25 patients (32%). Of these, 13 had to undergo repeat embolization, 7 were treated surgically and 3 died during the recurrence of hemoptysis. In two cases, no diseased arteries could be found and embolization was not performed. The overall hemostatic efficacy was 86% after 7 days, 78% after one month and 61% after one year. In the patients with tuberculosis, the rates were 96% at one week and 91% at one month and one year, while among the remaining groups (with neoplasm, abscess, etc.), the incidences were 80% at day 7,70% at one month and 42% at one year. According to our experience, rebleeding occurs most frequently among patients with diseases other than tuberculosis. In these cases, follow-up should be closer and other therapeutic alternatives (surgery, radiotherapy, endobronchial laser) should be considered as a complement to percutaneous endovascular treatment. (Author) 22 refs.

Garcia, J.; Fernandez, M.; Fernandez, A.; Duran, D.; Dominguez, L.; Boullosa, E. [Hospital Xeral de Vigo (Spain)

2000-07-01

289

Existen ventajas en el abordaje extraperitoneal para el tratamiento del aneurisma de aorta abdominal? Are there advantages in the extraperitoneal approach for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm?  

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Full Text Available Existen controversias acerca de las posibles ventajas del abordaje transperitoneal vs. extraperitoneal en la cirugía de aneurisma de aorta abdominal; con este último, algunos estudios reportan menor morbilidad y complicaciones operatorias. Este estudio describe los resultados que se obtuvieron con los dos abordajes en un solo centro de referencia. Es un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, de doce años, en un grupo de 299 pacientes con diagnóstico de aneurisma de aorta abdominal que fueron intervenidos de manera electiva y distribuidos en dos grupos según el abordaje (transperitoneal = grupo 1, extraperitoneal = grupo 2). En total se operaron 93 pacientes en el grupo 1 y 206 pacientes en el 2. En ambos predominaron pacientes del sexo masculino. La edad media fue de 68 años. Las frecuencias de co-morbilidades fueron similares en los dos grupos. Se registró una tendencia a menor número de reoperaciones en el grupo 2 (12,9% vs. 5,8%), De otra parte, se observó una tendencia de mayores complicaciones post-operatorias en el grupo 1 con una frecuencia de 30,1% vs. 12,6% en el grupo 2; sin embargo, el tipo de complicaciones fue similar. Los resultados mostraron una estancia hospitalaria media de 13,3 días (DE ± 10,4) vs. 7,19 días (DE ± 4,20) p= 0,00001, estancia post-operatoria media de 9,16 días (DE ± 8,1) vs. 5,62 días (DE ± 3,46) p= 0,001 y estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos media de 2,76 días (DE ± 4,19) vs. 1,56 días (DE ± 1,86) p= 0,00001 en los grupos 1 y 2 respectivamente. La mortalidad inmediata total fue de 3,3%. La frecuencia de mortalidad para los grupos fue de 6,5% (n= 6) vs. 1,9% (n= 4) respectivamente. En nuestra experiencia el abordaje por la vía extraperitoneal presenta una tendencia favorable para los pacientes en cuanto a la estancia hospitalaria, la estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, la frecuencia de complicaciones post-operatorias y la frecuencia de re-intervenciones en el post-operatorio inmediato. Debido al tamaño de la muestra no puede concluirse que hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en cuanto a la mortalidad; sin embargo se observó una tendencia a la reducción de la misma con el abordaje extraperitoneal.There are current controversies over the benefits of the extraperitoneal vs the transperitoneal approach for repairing an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Several studies report a reduction in morbidity and mortality with the former approach. This study reports the short term results using both approaches at one reference center. This is a 12 year, retrospective descriptive study of 299 patients who underwent an elective open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, distributed in two groups: transperitoneal approach group=1, extraperitoneal approach group=2. A total of 93 patients in group 1 and 206 in group 2 were intervened, mainly male patients with an median age of 68 years. The frequencies of co-morbidities were similar in both groups. There was a reduced tendency of reoperations in group 2 (12.9%vs 5.8%), and a greater tendency of postoperative complications in group 1 (30.1% vs 12.6%). However, the types complications were similar. The results show a median hospital stay of 13.3 days (SD+- 10,4) vs. 7.19 days (SD+- 4.20) p=0.00001, median post-operative stay of 9.16 days (SD-+ 8,1) vs. 5.62 days (SD+- 3,46) p= 0.001 and median intensive unit stay of 2.76 days (SD+-4.19) vs 1.56 days (SD+-1.86) p=0.00001 in group 1 y 2 respectively. Early global mortality was 3.3% with a distribution frequency of 6.5% (n=6) in group 1 and 1.9% (n=4) in group 2. In our experience, the extraperitoneal approach offers better results regarding hospital, postoperative and intensive care unit stay, as well as post-operative re-operation rates and complications. Because of the small sample size, the mortality difference was not statistically significant; however, we found an important tendency towards improved mortality rates with this approach.

Heinz Hiller; Jaime Camacho; Julián Moreno

2010-01-01

290

Existen ventajas en el abordaje extraperitoneal para el tratamiento del aneurisma de aorta abdominal?/ Are there advantages in the extraperitoneal approach for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Existen controversias acerca de las posibles ventajas del abordaje transperitoneal vs. extraperitoneal en la cirugía de aneurisma de aorta abdominal; con este último, algunos estudios reportan menor morbilidad y complicaciones operatorias. Este estudio describe los resultados que se obtuvieron con los dos abordajes en un solo centro de referencia. Es un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, de doce años, en un grupo de 299 pacientes con diagnóstico de aneurisma de aorta (more) abdominal que fueron intervenidos de manera electiva y distribuidos en dos grupos según el abordaje (transperitoneal = grupo 1, extraperitoneal = grupo 2). En total se operaron 93 pacientes en el grupo 1 y 206 pacientes en el 2. En ambos predominaron pacientes del sexo masculino. La edad media fue de 68 años. Las frecuencias de co-morbilidades fueron similares en los dos grupos. Se registró una tendencia a menor número de reoperaciones en el grupo 2 (12,9% vs. 5,8%), De otra parte, se observó una tendencia de mayores complicaciones post-operatorias en el grupo 1 con una frecuencia de 30,1% vs. 12,6% en el grupo 2; sin embargo, el tipo de complicaciones fue similar. Los resultados mostraron una estancia hospitalaria media de 13,3 días (DE ± 10,4) vs. 7,19 días (DE ± 4,20) p= 0,00001, estancia post-operatoria media de 9,16 días (DE ± 8,1) vs. 5,62 días (DE ± 3,46) p= 0,001 y estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos media de 2,76 días (DE ± 4,19) vs. 1,56 días (DE ± 1,86) p= 0,00001 en los grupos 1 y 2 respectivamente. La mortalidad inmediata total fue de 3,3%. La frecuencia de mortalidad para los grupos fue de 6,5% (n= 6) vs. 1,9% (n= 4) respectivamente. En nuestra experiencia el abordaje por la vía extraperitoneal presenta una tendencia favorable para los pacientes en cuanto a la estancia hospitalaria, la estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, la frecuencia de complicaciones post-operatorias y la frecuencia de re-intervenciones en el post-operatorio inmediato. Debido al tamaño de la muestra no puede concluirse que hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en cuanto a la mortalidad; sin embargo se observó una tendencia a la reducción de la misma con el abordaje extraperitoneal. Abstract in english There are current controversies over the benefits of the extraperitoneal vs the transperitoneal approach for repairing an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Several studies report a reduction in morbidity and mortality with the former approach. This study reports the short term results using both approaches at one reference center. This is a 12 year, retrospective descriptive study of 299 patients who underwent an elective open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, d (more) istributed in two groups: transperitoneal approach group=1, extraperitoneal approach group=2. A total of 93 patients in group 1 and 206 in group 2 were intervened, mainly male patients with an median age of 68 years. The frequencies of co-morbidities were similar in both groups. There was a reduced tendency of reoperations in group 2 (12.9%vs 5.8%), and a greater tendency of postoperative complications in group 1 (30.1% vs 12.6%). However, the types complications were similar. The results show a median hospital stay of 13.3 days (SD+- 10,4) vs. 7.19 days (SD+- 4.20) p=0.00001, median post-operative stay of 9.16 days (SD-+ 8,1) vs. 5.62 days (SD+- 3,46) p= 0.001 and median intensive unit stay of 2.76 days (SD+-4.19) vs 1.56 days (SD+-1.86) p=0.00001 in group 1 y 2 respectively. Early global mortality was 3.3% with a distribution frequency of 6.5% (n=6) in group 1 and 1.9% (n=4) in group 2. In our experience, the extraperitoneal approach offers better results regarding hospital, postoperative and intensive care unit stay, as well as post-operative re-operation rates and complications. Because of the small sample size, the mortality difference was not statistically significant; however, we found an important tendency towards improved mortality rates with this approach.

Hiller, Heinz; Camacho, Jaime; Moreno, Julián

2010-02-01

291

Longitudinal aneurysm shrinkage following endovascular aortic aneurysm repair: a source of intermediate and late complications.  

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To report the incidence of delayed complications following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and the relationship of these sequelae to morphological changes in the sac and endograft.

Harris, P; Brennan, J; Martin, J; Gould, D; Bakran, A; Gilling-Smith, G; Buth, J; Gevers, E; White, D

292

Aortic arch/elephant trunk procedure with Sienna(TM) graft and endovascular stenting of thoraco-abdominal aorta for treatment of complex chronic dissection.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Aneurismal dilatation of the remaining thoracic aorta after ascending aortic interposition grafting for type 'A' aortic dissection is not uncommon. For such complex cases, one treatment option is total arch replacement and elephant trunk procedure with the Sienna(TM) collared graft (Vascutek, Inchinnan, UK) technique followed by a staged thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). The video illustrates our technique in a 56-year-old man with an extensive aortic arch and descending thoracic aortic dissecting aneurysm. For the 'open' procedure femoral arterial and venous cannulation was used along with systemic cooling and circulatory arrest at 22 °C. Upon circulatory arrest, the aortic arch was incised and antegrade cerebral perfusion achieved via selective cannulation to the right brachiocephalic and left common carotid artery, keeping flow rates at 10-15 mL/kg/min and perfusion pressure at 50-60 mmHg. Arch replacement with an elephant trunk component was then performed and after completion of the distal aortic anastomosis antegrade perfusion via a side-arm in the graft was started and the operation completed using a variation of the 'sequential' clamping technique to maximize cerebral perfusion. The second endovascular stage was performed two weeks after discharge. Two covered stents were landing from the elephant trunk to the distal descending thoracic aorta, to secure the distal landing a bare stent of was placed to cover the aorta just distal to the origin of the celiac axis. The left subclavian artery was embolised with fibre coils. Post TEVAR angiogram showed no endoleak Although re-operative total arch replacement and elephant trunk procedure and subsequent TEVAR remained a challenging procedure, we believe excellent surgical outcome can be achieved with carefully planned operative strategy.

Wong RH; Baghai M; Yu SC; Underwood MJ

2013-05-01

293

Study Design of PROCEDURE Study. A Randomized Comparison of the Dose-Dependent Effects of Pitavastatin in Patients with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Massive Aortic Atheroma: Prevention of Cholesterol Embolization during Endovascular and Open Aneurysm Repair with Pitavastatin (PROCEDURE) Study.  

Science.gov (United States)

Outcomes of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair have improved in the 2 decades since the emergence of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). However, EVAR is considered a contraindication for shaggy aorta because of the high risk of shower embolization. Recently, statins have been implicated in preventing embolization in patients with shaggy aorta via its pleiotropic effects, including atheroma reduction and coronary artery stabilization. We selected pitavastatin, a statin with potent effects, discovered and developed by a Japanese company because it has shown excellent pleiotropic effects on atheromatous arteries in the Japanese population. A randomized comparison study of dose-dependent effects of pitavastatin in patients with AAA with massive atheromatous aortic thrombus (PROCEDURE study) has begun. PROCEDURE has an enrollment goal of up to 80 patients with AAA with massive aortic atheroma (excluding intrasac atheroma), randomly allocated into 2 groups receiving pitavastatin at a dose of 1 or 4 mg/day. The endpoints of the PROCEDURE study include change in atheroma volume, major adverse events related to shower embolization after aneurysm repair, and lipid-lowering effects. When complete, results of the PROCEDURE study should provide objective evidence to use statins preoperatively for AAA with massive aortic atheroma. PMID:23641286

Hoshina, Katsuyuki; Nemoto, Masaru; Hashimoto, Takuya; Miura, Sumio; Urabe, Go; Nakazawa, Tatsu; Hosaka, Akihiro; Kato, Masaaki; Ohkubo, Nobukazu; Miyairi, Takeshi; Okamoto, Hiroyuki; Shigematsu, Kunihiro; Miyata, Tetsuro

2013-02-15

294

Study Design of PROCEDURE Study. A Randomized Comparison of the Dose-Dependent Effects of Pitavastatin in Patients with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Massive Aortic Atheroma: Prevention of Cholesterol Embolization during Endovascular and Open Aneurysm Repair with Pitavastatin (PROCEDURE) Study.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Outcomes of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair have improved in the 2 decades since the emergence of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). However, EVAR is considered a contraindication for shaggy aorta because of the high risk of shower embolization. Recently, statins have been implicated in preventing embolization in patients with shaggy aorta via its pleiotropic effects, including atheroma reduction and coronary artery stabilization. We selected pitavastatin, a statin with potent effects, discovered and developed by a Japanese company because it has shown excellent pleiotropic effects on atheromatous arteries in the Japanese population. A randomized comparison study of dose-dependent effects of pitavastatin in patients with AAA with massive atheromatous aortic thrombus (PROCEDURE study) has begun. PROCEDURE has an enrollment goal of up to 80 patients with AAA with massive aortic atheroma (excluding intrasac atheroma), randomly allocated into 2 groups receiving pitavastatin at a dose of 1 or 4 mg/day. The endpoints of the PROCEDURE study include change in atheroma volume, major adverse events related to shower embolization after aneurysm repair, and lipid-lowering effects. When complete, results of the PROCEDURE study should provide objective evidence to use statins preoperatively for AAA with massive aortic atheroma.

Hoshina K; Nemoto M; Hashimoto T; Miura S; Urabe G; Nakazawa T; Hosaka A; Kato M; Ohkubo N; Miyairi T; Okamoto H; Shigematsu K; Miyata T

2013-01-01

295

Lesson learned from early and long-term results of 327 cases of coexisting surgical abdominal diseases and aortic aneurysms treated in open and endovascular surgery.  

Science.gov (United States)

Patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) frequently have other abdominal pathologies of surgical interest (other diseases, OD). Out of 1,375 elective open aortic replacements for AAA, 315 cases with OD were subdivided in Group 1 (82 patients with "clean wound" OD) and Group 2 (233 patients with "clean-contaminated wound" OD). The results of the sub-groups in which OD was treated at the same time as AAA were analysed (1a, 66 cases and 2a, 86 cases) and compared with OD not treated at the same time as AAA (1b, 16 cases and 2b, 147 cases). EVAR was done in 12 patients with a infrarenal AAA and concomitant abdominal disease. In this group post-operative complications occurred in two patients (endoleaks) and no sign of endograft infection was developed. Mean follow-up was 36 months. Mortality was 0% in Group 1a, 1b, 2b and 5.8% in Group 2a. In Group 1a there were one haemoperitoneum, one ischaemic colitis and one graft infection. In Group 1b there were 4 nefrectomies for renal carcinoma and three emergency hernia repairs within 18 months from AAA operation. In Group 2a the follow-up was uneventful. In Group 2b there was no acute complication of OD and 57.2% of patients were subsequently operated for OD. In the EVAR group the 30-day and late mortality rates were 0 and 25%, respectively and all deaths were cancer-related. Contemporary correction of OD in open surgery for AAA should be performed in clean wound cases, while clean-contaminated operations can be done only in selected cases. EVAR is a valid alternative technique to open vascular surgery for the concomitant treatment of aortic aneurysms and abdominal pathologies. PMID:22407592

Bonardelli, Stefano; Cervi, Edoardo; Nodari, Franco; Guadrini, Cristina; Zanotti, Camilla; Giulini, Stefano Maria

2012-03-11

296

Lesson learned from early and long-term results of 327 cases of coexisting surgical abdominal diseases and aortic aneurysms treated in open and endovascular surgery.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) frequently have other abdominal pathologies of surgical interest (other diseases, OD). Out of 1,375 elective open aortic replacements for AAA, 315 cases with OD were subdivided in Group 1 (82 patients with "clean wound" OD) and Group 2 (233 patients with "clean-contaminated wound" OD). The results of the sub-groups in which OD was treated at the same time as AAA were analysed (1a, 66 cases and 2a, 86 cases) and compared with OD not treated at the same time as AAA (1b, 16 cases and 2b, 147 cases). EVAR was done in 12 patients with a infrarenal AAA and concomitant abdominal disease. In this group post-operative complications occurred in two patients (endoleaks) and no sign of endograft infection was developed. Mean follow-up was 36 months. Mortality was 0% in Group 1a, 1b, 2b and 5.8% in Group 2a. In Group 1a there were one haemoperitoneum, one ischaemic colitis and one graft infection. In Group 1b there were 4 nefrectomies for renal carcinoma and three emergency hernia repairs within 18 months from AAA operation. In Group 2a the follow-up was uneventful. In Group 2b there was no acute complication of OD and 57.2% of patients were subsequently operated for OD. In the EVAR group the 30-day and late mortality rates were 0 and 25%, respectively and all deaths were cancer-related. Contemporary correction of OD in open surgery for AAA should be performed in clean wound cases, while clean-contaminated operations can be done only in selected cases. EVAR is a valid alternative technique to open vascular surgery for the concomitant treatment of aortic aneurysms and abdominal pathologies.

Bonardelli S; Cervi E; Nodari F; Guadrini C; Zanotti C; Giulini SM

2012-06-01

297

[Endoprosthesis in the treatment of severe abdominal angina].  

Science.gov (United States)

The endovascular treatment (percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stent placement) is an option to surgical treatment in patients with abdominal angor, with good results by a less invasive way. A case of a patient with superior mesenteric artery occlusion and severe stenosis of celiac axis is presented that was treated by endovascular treatment and stenting, with resolution of the abdominal angor. PMID:12025456

Pisco, J Martins; Alpendre, João; Macedo, T Costa; Branco, J Castelo; Coutinho, A Pereira; De Brito, L Xavier; Guerreiro, A Sousa

298

[Endoprosthesis in the treatment of severe abdominal angina].  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

The endovascular treatment (percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stent placement) is an option to surgical treatment in patients with abdominal angor, with good results by a less invasive way. A case of a patient with superior mesenteric artery occlusion and severe stenosis of celiac axis is presented that was treated by endovascular treatment and stenting, with resolution of the abdominal angor.

Pisco JM; Alpendre J; Macedo TC; Branco JC; Coutinho AP; De Brito LX; Guerreiro AS

2002-01-01

299

Síndrome compartimental abdominal/ Abdominal compartment syndrome  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish Desde el siglo XIX se conocen los efectos negativos del aumento de la presión intraabdominal, pero no se le prestó la debida atención a este trastorno hasta la última década del pasado siglo y la primera del actual. En este artículo exponemos las definiciones de los términos presión intrabdominal, hipertensión intrabdominal y síndrome compartimental abdominal, que fueron tomadas por consenso y aprobadas por la World Society of the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome. (more) En nuestro medio, para el diagnóstico de la hipertensión intrabdominal y del síndrome compartimental abdominal se requiere medir la presión intrabdominal, secundariamente la presión de perfusión abdominal y se deben correlacionar estos datos con signos de deterioro clínico en el paciente. Las medidas terapéuticas médicas en relación con el síndrome compartimental abdominal son limitadas; cuando este es sintomático la descompresión abdominal es el tratamiento ya establecido. Enfatizamos en que el diagnóstico temprano de la hipertensión intrabdominal y del síndrome compartimental abdominal contribuyen a disminuir el desarrollo de un síndrome de disfunción múltiple de órganos y por tanto a reducir la mortalidad en estos pacientes. Con el objetivo de actualizar los conocimientos sobre hipertensión intrabdominal y síndrome compartimental abdominal, su diagnóstico y tratamiento, realizamos una minuciosa revisión actualizada de diversos artículos referentes al síndrome compartimental abdominal, tanto en el ámbito nacional como internacional. Abstract in english The negative effects of increased intra-abdominal pressure are known since the XIX Century, but attention was not paid to this disorder until the last decade of the last century and the first decade of the present one. In this article, we state the definitions of the terms intra-abdominal pressure, intra-abdominal hypertension, and abdominal compartment syndrome which were taken with consent and approved by the World Society of the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome. In our f (more) ield, to get to a diagnosis of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome, it is required to measure the intra-abdominal pressure and secondarily, the abdominal perfusion pressure; then, these data should be correlated with the signs of clinical deterioration of the patient. The medical therapeutic measures related to the abdominal compartment syndrome are limited, and when it is symptomatic, abdominal decompression is the established treatment. We want to make emphasis on the fact that the early diagnosis of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome contribute to diminish the development of a multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, hence reducing mortality in these patients. With the aim of updating knowledge about intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome as well as their diagnosis and treatment, we carried out a detailed updated review of different articles regarding the abdominal compartment syndrome from both national and international scopes.

Guzmán Nápoles, Misael; Larrea Fabra, Martha Esther

2013-06-01

300

Endovascular stent grafting: a review  

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Endovascular stent grafts are intravascular devices composed of surgical graft material and a metallic frame, (Fig. 1). Their main application has been to treat aneurysms, but they have been used in vascular trauma and are being investigated for use in occlusive disease. Their advantage in treating aneurysms over conventional surgical treatment is that they are loaded into relatively small delivery systems (Fig. 2) and can be introduced to the area of interest from a remote site - usually the femoral artery. This avoids the morbidity of surgical exposure in difficult sites, such as the thoracic aorta, and lessens the cardiovascular stress to patients by eliminating the need to surgically cross-clamp the vessel being treated. The first description of abdominal aortic aneurysm exclusion by an endovascular stent graft was provided by Parodi and colleagues in 1991. Much of the early clinical experience in endovascular stent grafting was obtained from centres in Australia and Europe, and they are now reporting midterm follow-up data. There are now many centres in Canada and the United States involved in endovascular research and practice. (author)

Kribs, S. [Univ. of Western Ontario, Dept. of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, London, Ontario (Canada)

2001-06-01

 
 
 
 
301

Endovascular repair of popliteal aneurysms.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular repair is an established modality of treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysms. It is therefore reasonable to expect its application to other less common aneurysmal conditions, including isolated iliac and popliteal artery aneurysms (PAA). There are, however, essential differences between aortic aneurysms and peripheral aneurysms: smaller arterial caliber, mobility of the arterial segment, associated occlusive disease, and devices that have not been specifically designed for peripheral applications. Due to these differences, results obtained in abdominal aortic aneurysms cannot be extrapolated to peripheral aneurysms. The attraction of the endovascular repair for PAA is its minimally invasive nature. The literature, however, provides only case reports, case series and small cohorts, and one small randomized, controlled trial. A cumulative summary of these studies provides the clinician with information upon which to base the choice of treatment on a specific patient. Endovascular repair for PAA with suitable anatomy and good run-off can be considered safe, and medium term results appear comparable with those of open repair. PMID:20045613

Cina, Claudio S

2010-01-04

302

Midterm results of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: comparison of instruction-for-use (IFU) cases and non-IFU cases.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

PURPOSE: To investigate the midterm results of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) and compare the endoleak (EL) and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) prognoses between instruction-for-use (IFU) patients and non-IFU patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 124 patients (104 men, 20 women; mean age 76.2 years; age range 58-93 years) with AAA who underwent EVAR with the Zenith (68 patients) or Excluder device (56) and were analyzed, 86 were IFU and 38 non-IFU. RESULTS: The mean absorbed dose of radiation exposure was 1907 mGy in the IFU group and 2283 mGy in the non-IFU group (p = 0.013). Thirty-five patients experienced EL: 8 (6.5 %) type I and 27 (21.8 %) type II. Type I ELs were observed in 3 patients in the IFU group (3.5 %) and 5 patients in the non-IFU group (13.2 %). Of the 14 patients with AAA diameter expansion of ?5 mm, 6 (6/86, 7.0 %) belonged to the IFU group and 8 (8/38, 21.1 %) to the non-IFU group (p = 0.027). CONCLUSION: The frequency of AAA expansion ?5 mm was higher in non-IFU patients than in IFU patients. Therefore, careful follow-up is necessary for non-IFU patients rather than IFU patients.

Nakai M; Sato M; Sato H; Sakaguchi H; Tanaka F; Ikoma A; Sanda H; Nakata K; Minamiguchi H; Kawai N; Sonomura T; Nishimura Y; Okamura Y

2013-09-01

303

Evaluation of abdominal aortic aneurysm for endovascular stent-grafting with volume-rendered CT images of vessel lumen and thrombus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of CT images of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with volume-rendered (VR) display of vessel lumen and thrombus and to evaluate its usefulness in the planning of stent-grafting. Helical CT was performed in 11 patients with AAA. Volume data of the vessel lumen and thrombus were separately extracted, and the VR images were reconstructed. Vessel measurements were made by five radiologists and compared with the axial and multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) images. Angiography and intravascular ultrasonography were used as standard references. The relations of aneurysmal sac to the major arterial branches and the subjective overall diagnostic value were evaluated by using a continuous rating scale. Accuracy of measurements was higher on VR images than on axial/MPR in 7 of 13 regions. Interobserver variance of VR images was smaller in 7 of 14 regions. Detection of renal and internal iliac artery involvements was better on VR images (p

2004-01-01

304

Magnetic resonance imaging is more sensitive than computed tomography angiography for the detection of endoleaks after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: a systematic review.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this systematic review was to examine whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography angiography (CTA) is more sensitive for the detection of endoleaks in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) after EVAR. DESIGN: Systematic review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic electronic search was performed. Articles were included when post-EVAR patients were evaluated by both MRI as index test and CTA as comparison. Methodological quality was assessed with the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS) tool. Primary outcome was the proportion of patients in whom MRI detected additional endoleaks, which were not seen with CTA. RESULTS: Eleven articles were included. The overall methodological quality of the articles was good. In total, 369 patients with 562 MRI and 562 CTA examinations were included. A total of 146 endoleaks were detected by CTA; MRI detected all but two of these endoleaks. With MRI 132 additional endoleaks were found. CONCLUSIONS: MRI is more sensitive compared to CTA for the detection of post-EVAR endoleaks, especially for the detection of type II endoleaks. MRI should be considered in patients with continued AAA growth and negative or uncertain findings at CTA.

Habets J; Zandvoort HJ; Reitsma JB; Bartels LW; Moll FL; Leiner T; van Herwaarden JA

2013-04-01

305

Non-invasiv, Multi Detector Row (MDR) based Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis of hemodynamics in infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) before and after endovascular repair; Blutflusssimulation mittels Computational-Fluid-Dynamics an aus CT-Daten rekonstruierten Aortenaneurysmata vor und nach Stent-Graft Implantation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Purpose: Simulation, description and analysis of dynamic pressure in infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) before and after endovascular repair. Materials and Methods: During March 1996 and May 2001, 13 patients with AAA underwent endovascular treatment. The MDR-CT scans of these patients were used for the non-invasive analysis of the hemodynamics in the aorta with CFD software before and after endovascular repair. One pre-interventional and three post-interventional CT scans were analyzed for each patient. Results: Compared to the pre-interventional simulation, endovascular treatment led to an average dynamic pressure decrease of 1057 Pa in 10 of 13 patients. During the subsequent course, the median of the dynamic pressure decreased in 8 of 13 patients. Vulnerable regions initially identified as high-pressure regions, like the docking area or the second stent limb, adapted to the pressure in the surrounding tissue in the course of time. (orig.) [German] Ziel: Simulation, Beschreibung und Entwicklung dynamischer Druckverhaeltnisse auf die Aorten- bzw. Stentgraftwand im zeitlichen Verlauf vor und nach stentgestuetzter Ausschaltung infrarenaler Bauchaortenaneurysmata. Patienten und Methode: Zwischen Maerz 1996 und Mai 2001 wurden 13 Patienten mit einem infrarenalen Bauchaortenaneurysma einer transfemoralen Stent-Graft-Implantation unterzogen. Basierend auf Multi Detector Row (MDR) -CT Datensaetzen dieser 13 Patienten wurde mithilfe einer ''Computational Fluid Dynamics'' (CFD) Software eine Blutflusssimulation der abdominellen Aorta vor und nach Stentimplantation durchgefuehrt. Von jedem Patienten wurden Simulationen von einer prae- und drei postoperativen Follow-up CT-Serien erstellt. Ergebnisse: Die Stentimplantation fuehrte bei 10/13 Patienten zu einer Senkung des dynamischen Spitzendrucks um durchschnittlich 1057 Pa von der prae- zur postoperativen Untersuchung. Im weiteren Verlauf sank auch der Median des dynamischen Druckes bei 8/13 Patienten. Regionen mit erhoehten Druckwerten (sog. vulnerable Regionen), wie beispielsweise die des angedockten Stentschenkels, glichen sich im Verlauf der Zeit den Umgebungsdruecken an. (orig.)

Juchems, M.S.; Pless, D.; Fleiter, T.R.; Gabelmann, A.; Brambs, H.J.; Aschpoff, A J. [Ulm Univ. (Germany). Abt. fuer diagnostische Radiologie; Liewald, F. [Ulm Univ. (Germany). Abt. fuer Thorax-und Gefaesschirurgie

2004-01-01

306

Plasma thrombin-antithrombin complex, prothrombin fragments 1 and 2, and D-dimer levels are elevated after endovascular but not open repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

INTRODUCTION: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is associated with hypercoagulability, evidenced by increased markers of coagulation activation, including thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT), prothrombin fragments 1 and 2 (F1+2), and D-dimer. Our aim was to compare the effect of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and open aneurysm repair (OAR) on changes in coagulation activation markers after intervention. METHODS: Consecutive patients with AAAs reaching their intervention threshold in a tertiary vascular referral unit in the United Kingdom were invited to participate. The coagulation markers TAT, F1+2, and D-dimer were measured in venous blood collected at baseline and at 5 months after intervention. A forward stepwise multiple linear regression model was used to identify whether treatment by OAR or EVAR had an effect on changes in coagulation factors, independent of significant covariates. RESULTS: The study included 47 patients (14 EVAR, 33 OAR; 85% men) who were a median age of 76 years (range, 69.5-80 years). Aortic diameter at intervention was 5.9 cm (range, 5.5-6.8 cm). There were no significant differences in clinical, anthropometric, or hematologic parameters between groups. At baseline, TAT (P = .13), F1+2 (P = .08), and D-dimer (P = .11) were similar in EVAR and OAR patients. Postintervention, there was a significant increase in TAT (3.0 [2.1-6.0] vs 7.2 [6.3-8.4] ng/mL; P = .03), F1+2 (242 [189-323] vs 392 [312-494] ng/mL; P = .003), and D-dimer (457 [336-615] vs 1197 [840-1509] ng/mL; P = .002) in the EVAR group. No significant changes were observed after intervention in the OAR group. CONCLUSIONS: AAA-related hypercoagulability persists after intervention, with increased TAT, F1+2, and D-dimer levels after EVAR. These findings suggest a potential period of increased cardiovascular risk in the postoperative period after EVAR.

Bailey MA; Griffin KJ; Sohrabi S; Whalley DJ; Johnson AB; Baxter PD; Ariëns RA; Scott DJ

2013-06-01

307

Endovascular management of acute bleeding arterioenteric fistulas  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The objective of this study was to review the outcome of endovascular transcatheter repair of emergent arterioenteric fistulas. Cases of abdominal arterioenteric fistulas (defined as a fistula between a major artery and the small intestine or colon, thus not the esophagus or stomach), diagnosed over the 3-year period between December 2002 and December 2005 at our institution, were retrospectively reviewed. Five patients with severe enteric bleeding underwent angiography and endovascular repair. Four presented primary arterioenteric fistulas, and one presented a secondary aortoenteric fistula. All had massive persistent bleeding with hypotension despite volume substitution and transfusion by the time of endovascular management. Outcome after treatment of these patients was investigated for major procedure-related complications, recurrence, reintervention, morbidity, and mortality. Mean follow-up time was 3 months (range, 1-6 months). All massive bleeding was controlled by occlusive balloon catheters. Four fistulas were successfully sealed with stent-grafts, resulting in a technical success rate of 80%. One patient was circulatory stabilized by endovascular management but needed immediate further open surgery. There were no procedure-related major complications. Mean hospital stay after the initial endovascular intervention was 19 days. Rebleeding occurred in four patients (80%) after a free interval of 2 weeks or longer. During the follow-up period three patients needed reintervention. The in-hospital mortality was 20% and the 30-day mortality was 40%. The midterm outcome was poor, due to comorbidities or rebleeding, with a mortality of 80% within 6 months. In conclusion, endovascular repair is an efficient and safe method to stabilize patients with life-threatening bleeding arterioenteric fistulas in the emergent episode. However, in this group of patients with severe comorbidities, the risk of rebleeding is high and further intervention must be considered. Patients with cancer may only need treatment for the acute bleeding episode, and an endovascular approach has the advantage of low morbidity Udgivelsesdato: 2008/5

Leonhardt, H.; Mellander, S.

2008-01-01

308

Endovascular Management of Acute Bleeding Arterioenteric Fistulas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The objective of this study was to review the outcome of endovascular transcatheter repair of emergent arterioenteric fistulas. Cases of abdominal arterioenteric fistulas (defined as a fistula between a major artery and the small intestine or colon, thus not the esophagus or stomach), diagnosed over the 3-year period between December 2002 and December 2005 at our institution, were retrospectively reviewed. Five patients with severe enteric bleeding underwent angiography and endovascular repair. Four presented primary arterioenteric fistulas, and one presented a secondary aortoenteric fistula. All had massive persistent bleeding with hypotension despite volume substitution and transfusion by the time of endovascular management. Outcome after treatment of these patients was investigated for major procedure-related complications, recurrence, reintervention, morbidity, and mortality. Mean follow-up time was 3 months (range, 1-6 months). All massive bleeding was controlled by occlusive balloon catheters. Four fistulas were successfully sealed with stent-grafts, resulting in a technical success rate of 80%. One patient was circulatory stabilized by endovascular management but needed immediate further open surgery. There were no procedure-related major complications. Mean hospital stay after the initial endovascular intervention was 19 days. Rebleeding occurred in four patients (80%) after a free interval of 2 weeks or longer. During the follow-up period three patients needed reintervention. The in-hospital mortality was 20% and the 30-day mortality was 40%. The midterm outcome was poor, due to comorbidities or rebleeding, with a mortality of 80% within 6 months. In conclusion, endovascular repair is an efficient and safe method to stabilize patients with life-threatening bleeding arterioenteric fistulas in the emergent episode. However, in this group of patients with severe comorbidities, the risk of rebleeding is high and further intervention must be considered. Patients with cancer may only need treatment for the acute bleeding episode, and an endovascular approach has the advantage of low morbidity.

2008-01-01

309

Intestinal infarction: A complication of endovascular therapy  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This report presents a rare case of intestinal infarction following endovascular therapy. A female patient who had undergone an internal carotid artery stenting procedure presented suddenly with abdominal pain. Radiological and clinical examinations at the time suggested a picture of intestinal ischaemia, in view of the patient's general conditions and co-existing morbidities surgical intervention was not considered to be an option. The patient died 4 days after the carotid stenting procedure, post-mortem examination revealed infarction of the ileum and caecum. The learning outcomes are if performing endovascular therapy in a patient with diffuse atherosclerotic disease early consideration of intestinal ischaemia should be given to any patient who presents with acute post-procedural abdominal pain.

England, Andrew [Department of Radiology, South Manchester University Hospitals NHS Trust, Southmoor Road, Wythenshawe, Manchester M23 9LT (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: andrew.england@smtr.nhs.uk; Butterfield, John S. [Department of Radiology, South Manchester University Hospitals NHS Trust, Southmoor Road, Wythenshawe, Manchester M23 9LT (United Kingdom); Sukumar, Sathi [Department of Radiology, South Manchester University Hospitals NHS Trust, Southmoor Road, Wythenshawe, Manchester M23 9LT (United Kingdom); Thompson, David [Department of Radiology, South Manchester University Hospitals NHS Trust, Southmoor Road, Wythenshawe, Manchester M23 9LT (United Kingdom); Roulson, Jo-An [Department of Histopathology, South Manchester University Hospitals NHS Trust, Southmoor Road, Wythenshawe, Manchester M23 9LT (United Kingdom); Pritchard, Susan [Department of Histopathology, South Manchester University Hospitals NHS Trust, Southmoor Road, Wythenshawe, Manchester M23 9LT (United Kingdom); Ashleigh, Raymond J. [Department of Radiology, South Manchester University Hospitals NHS Trust, Southmoor Road, Wythenshawe, Manchester M23 9LT (United Kingdom)

2007-08-15

310

Endovascular Stent-Graft Repair as a Late Secondary Procedure After Previous Aortic Grafts  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Thoracic and abdominal aortic endovascular procedures as alternatives to aortic reoperations were studied in three different cases. An anastomotic aneurysm after previous thoracic aortic graft for coarctation, a second-stage elephant trunk repair (descending thoracic aortic aneurysm), and a secondary aneurysm proximal to a previous abdominal aortic graft were successfully treated with endovascular stent-grafts. During the follow-up period no lethal events or major aortic or graft-related complications were observed, except a type II endoleak in the anastomotic aortic aneurysm case. An endovascular stent-graft can be safely deployed into a previously implanted vascular graft, avoiding repeat surgery.

2006-01-01

311

Endovascular repair of aortic aneurysm: Preliminary results  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been introduced into clinical practice at the beginning of the 90's of the last century. Because of economic, political and social problems during the last 25 years, the introduction of this procedure in Serbia was not possible. Objective. The aim of this study was to present preliminary experiences and results of the Clinic for Vascular Surgery of the Serbian Clinical Centre in Belgrade in endovascular treatment of thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms. Methods. The procedure was performed in 33 patients (3 female and 30 male), aged from 42 to 83 years. Ten patients had a descending thoracic aorta aneurysm (three atherosclerotic, four traumatic - three chronic and one acute as a part of polytrauma, one dissected, two penetrated atherosclerotic ulcers), while 23 patients had the abdominal aortic aneurysm, one ruptured and two isolated iliac artery aneurysms. The indications for EVAR were isthmic aneurismal localisation, aged over 80 years and associated comorbidity (cardiac, pulmonary and cerebrovasular diseases, previous thoracotomy or multiple laparotomies associated with abdominal infection, idiopatic thrombocitopaenia). All of these patients had three or more risk factors. The diagnosis was established using duplex ultrasonography, angiography and MSCT. In the case of thoracic aneurysm, a Medtronic-Valiant® endovascular stent graft was implanted, while for the abdominal aortic aneurysm Medtronic-Talent® endovascular stent grafts with delivery systems were used. In three patients, following EVAR a surgical repair of the femoral artery aneurysm was performed, and in another three patients femoro-femoral cross over bypass followed implantation of aortouniiliac stent graft. Results. During procedure and follow-up period (mean 1.6 years), there were: one death, one conversion, one endoleak type 1, six patients with endoleak type 2 that disappeared during the follow-up period, one early graft thrombosis. No other complications, including aneurysm expansion, collapse, deformity and migration of the endovascular stent grafts, were registered. Conclusion. According to all medical and economic aspects, we recommend EVAR to treat acute traumatic thoracic aortic aneurysm, as well as in elderly and high-risk patients with abdominal or thoracic aneurysms, when open surgery is related to a significantly higher mortality and morbidity.

Davidovi? Lazar; ?oli? Mom?ilo; Kon?ar Igor; Markovi? Dejan; Kosti? Dušan; ?inara Ilijas; Cvetkovi? Slobodan

2009-01-01

312

Curativos para tratamento de feridas operatórias abdominais: uma revisão sistemática/ Los apósitos para el tratamiento quirúrgico de las heridas abdominales: una revisión sistemática/ Dressings for the treatment of abdominal surgical wounds: a systematic review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar o curativo prevalente para o tratamento das feridas operatórias abdominais com complicações, visando buscar evidências que possam subsidiar o desenvolvimento de um protocolo institucional para o tratamento das mesmas. Metodologia: desenvolveu-se uma Revisão Sistemática, que teve como pergunta norteadora "Qual é o curativo prevalente no tratamento dos pacientes com complicações de feridas operatórias (FOs) abdominais?" Fora (more) m utilizados MeSH para buscar o maior número de estudos possíveis em sete base de dados eletrônicas. Resultados: a busca nas bases de dados resultou em 6.107 artigos que, após serem submetidos aos testes de relevância, resultaram em 33 estudos que compuseram a amostra. O curativo a VAC foi o mais indicado para tratar FOs abdominais que tiveram complicações. Conclusão: sugerem-se novas pesquisas para que se possa avaliar a efetividade e viabilidade da terapia VAC na nossa realidade. Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar los curativos prevalentes en el tratamiento de heridas quirúrgicas abdominales con complicaciones, con la finalidad de obtener evidencias que puedan subsidiar el desarrollo de protocolo institucional para tratamiento de las mismas. Metodología: una Revisión Sistemática que tuvo como pregunta orientadora ¿Cuál es el curativo prevalente en el tratamiento de los pacientes con complicaciones de heridas operatorias abdominales? (more) Fueron utilizados MeSH para buscar el mayor número de estudios posibles, en siete bases de datos electrónicas. Resultados: La búsqueda en las bases de datos resultó en 6107 artículos, después se realizaron los Test de Relevancia resultando la muestra final de 33 estudios. El uso del curativo VAC es curativo más indicado para tratar FOs abdominales que tuvieron complicaciones. Conclusión: Se sugieren nuevas investigaciones, para que se pueda evaluar la efectividad y viabilidad de la terapia VAC en nuestra realidad. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to identify the dressings used to treat abdominal surgical wounds with complications, in order to look for evidence that supports the development of an institutional protocol for handling these wounds. Methodology: a Systematic Review was developed, which had as a guiding question: What is the prevalent dressing in the treatment of patients with complications in abdominal surgical wounds? The MeSH database was used to search for the largest possi (more) ble number of studies in seven electronic databases. Results: The search in the databases resulted in 6,107 articles, after being tested for relevance, the result was 33 studies that comprised the sample. The use of the VAC dressing was the best suited to treat abdominal surgical wounds with complications. Conclusion: Further research is suggested, so that the effectiveness and feasibility of VAC therapy in our reality can be assessed.

Silva, Carolina Giordani; Crossetti, Maria da Graça Oliveira

2012-09-01

313

IMPACTO DEL TRATAMIENTO NUTRICIONAL EN PACIENTES TRIBUTARIOS DE CIRUGIA TORACO ABDOMINAL: INFORME PRELIMINAR The impact from the suitable nutritional treatment to the undernourished surgical patients  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En el estrés quirúrgico, las necesidades de nutrimentos básicos se incrementan, por lo que en un paciente con desnutrición energético nutrimental, aumentan las complicaciones como la sepsis, el retraso en la cicatrización de las heridas, la dehiscencia en las suturas, y otras, lo que empeora el pronóstico.2, 3 Objetivos: Evaluar el impacto del tratamiento nutricional indicado a los pacientes quirúrgicos desnutridos, valorar las complicaciones y la estadía hospitalaria en los pacientes del grupo estudio y control. Método: Se estudiaron 50 pacientes ingresados en las salas de Cirugía del Hospital Universitario "General Calixto García", en dos grupos: casos y controles. Se realizó tratamiento nutricionalperioperatorio a los pacientes desnutridos del grupo de estudio y a los del grupo control se les dejó con el tratamiento tradicional. Se obtuvo estadística descriptiva de todas las variables cuantitativas. Se aplicó test de chi cuadrado para determinar asociación entre variables y se compararon las medidas antropométricas antes y después del apoyo nutricional, mediante el estadígrafo de la prueba t de Student. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los pacientes del grupo de casos mejoraron significativamente su estado nutricional preoperatorio y tuvieron menos complicaciones que los pacientes del grupo control. Es de gran importancia que se mejore el estado nutricional de los pacientes que van a ser intervenidos quirúrgicamente, para reducir las complicaciones y alcanzar una más rápida recuperación en los pacientes quirúrgicos.In the surgical stress the necessities of basic nutriments are increased. In a patient with malnutrition energy nutrimental, they increase the complications like the sepsis, the delay in the scaring of the wounds, the dehiscencia in the sutures, and other, what worsens the presage. Objectives: To evaluate the impact from the suitable nutritional treatment to the undernourished surgical patients, to value the complications and the hospital demurrage in the patients of the group study and control. Method: 50 patients were studied entered in the rooms of Surgery of the General University" Hospital Calixto García", in two groups: cases and controls. Was carried out treatment nutritional perioperatorio to the undernourished patients of the study group and those of the group control they were left with the traditional treatment. Descriptive statistic of all the quantitative variables was obtained. Test of square chi was applied to determine association among variables and the measures antropométricas were compared before and after the nutritional support by means of the statistician of the test t of Student. Summations: The most of patients of the group of cases improved their preoperative nutritional state significantly and they had less complications that the patients of the group control. It is of great importance that improves the nutritional state of the patients that will be intervened surgically, to reduce the complications and a quicker recovery is reached in the surgical patients.

Miriam Bolet Astoviza; Martha Esther Larrea; Fidel Cahcart Roca

2008-01-01

314

Exclusión percutánea de seudoaneurisma aórtico abdominal traumático desde acceso braquial/ Percutaneous exclusion of traumatic abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm from a brachial approach  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish El seudoaneurisma aórtico abdominal (SAA) es una lesión infrecuente, se describe a la injuria traumática aórtica, como una de sus principales causas, tanto su ruptura como el tratamiento quirúrgico tienen alta morbimortalidad. Por ello, el tratamiento endovascular mediante embolización química o exclusión con dispositivos, ha surgido como tratamiento alternativo. Sin embargo, existen riesgos como la oclusión de vasos viscerales cercanos al cuello del defecto, emb (more) olización del material o ruptura aórtica. Por lo tanto, la elección del material y vía de abordaje, debe ser planeada cuidadosamente en cada caso. Comunicamos un paciente, a quien 10 años después de una herida abdominal por arma de fuego, se le diagnosticó un SAA de 17 x 13 cm, con cuello corto, originado cercanamente al ostium del tronco celíaco, formando un ángulo agudo con el eje aórtico. Realizamos la exclusión del mismo, con un dispositivo diseñado para el cierre de comunicación interauricular (CIA), utilizando el acceso braquial izquierdo, debido a la angulación del cuello del defecto. No hubo complicaciones, a las 72 horas se otorgó alta hospitalaria. El control tomográfico al mes, mostró el falso aneurisma de igual tamaño y sin flujo residual. A los cinco meses de seguimiento, la paciente permanece asintomática. Abstract in english Abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm (AAP) is a rare lesion, although traumatic aortic injury is described as one of the main causes; both the rupture as the surgical treatment of the defect has high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, endovascular treatment either by chemical embolization or exclusion of defect with devices has emerged as an alternative treatment. However, there are risks such as occlusion of visceral vessels near the neck of the defect, embolization material (more) or aortic rupture. Therefore, the choice of material and method of approach should be planned carefully in each case. We report a patient who ten years after abdominal wound frearm was diagnosed with AAP 17x13 cm, with short neck originated close to the ostium of the celiac trunk at an acute angle with the aortic axis. We perform the exclusion of the defect with a device designed for closing atrial septal defect from the left brachial access due to the angulation of the neck defect. There were no complications. At 72 hours was granted discharge. A month later, CT scan control showed the false aneurysm of equal size and no residual flow. The monitoring to date is five months and the patient remained asymptomatic.

Gamboa, Ricardo; Ríos-Méndez, Raúl E; Solernó, Raúl; Giachello, Federico; Videla-Lynch, Ángeles; Sarmiento, Ricardo A

2012-03-01

315

Tratamiento de la obesidad: necesidad de centrar la atención en los pacientes de alto riesgo caracterizados por la obesidad abdominal Treatment of obesity: the need to target attention on high-risk patients characterized by abdominal obesity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La obesidad visceral se asocia a anormalidades metabólicas aumentando el riesgo de diabetes de tipo 2 y de coronariopatía (CP). El Estudio Cardiovascular de Québec demostró que la tríada metabólica aterogénica (TMA) presente en hombres visceralmente obesos (VO), incrementa 20 veces el riesgo de CP durante un período de 5 años. Fue desarrollado un algoritmo de detección precoz a fin de identificar individuos que podrían ser portadores de estas anormalidades aterogénicas. Fue descubierto que la presencia simultánea de una circunferencia de la cintura elevada y una hipertrigliceridemia moderada ("cintura hipertrigliceridémica" - CH) podrían identificar adecuadamente a una proporción significativa de portadores de la TMA. Es importante dejar claro, que incluso en ausencia de los clásicos factores de riesgo los pacientes VO pueden tener un riesgo elevado de CP si presentan la CH. Finalmente, se ha sugerido que el riesgo de desarrollar un síndrome coronario agudo en pacientes VO no está siempre relacionado al grado de estenosis coronaria y debería considerarse el perfil aterotrombótico/inflamatorio del paciente en la valoración del riesgo. La estabilización de la placa aterosclerótica se convertiría en un objetivo terapéutico legítimo y más factible para la prevención de la CP en los pacientes VO.Abdominal obesity is associated with metabolic abnormalities, increasing the risk of type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD). The Quebec Cardiovascular Survey demonstrated that the atherogenic metabolic triad (AMT) present in abdominally obese (AO) males increases the risk of CAD 20-fold over the course of 5 years. An early detection algorithm was developed to identify individuals presenting these atherogenic abnormalities. It was found that the association of large waist circumference (WC) and moderate hypertriglyceridemia (the "hypertriglyceridemic waist", or HW) could adequately identify a significant portion of individuals with the AMT. It is important to note that even in the absence of classic risk factors, abdominally obese patients can present increased risk of CAD if they have HW. Finally, it has been suggested that the risk of developing an acute coronary syndrome in AO patients is not always related to the degree of coronary stenosis, and the patient’s atherothrombotic/inflammatory profile should be taken into account in evaluating risk. Stabilization of the atherosclerotic plaque would become a legitimate therapeutic objective, and more feasible for prevention of CAD, in AO patients.

Carla Scarsella; Jean-Pierre Després

2003-01-01

316

Tratamiento de la obesidad: necesidad de centrar la atención en los pacientes de alto riesgo caracterizados por la obesidad abdominal/ Treatment of obesity: the need to target attention on high-risk patients characterized by abdominal obesity  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in spanish La obesidad visceral se asocia a anormalidades metabólicas aumentando el riesgo de diabetes de tipo 2 y de coronariopatía (CP). El Estudio Cardiovascular de Québec demostró que la tríada metabólica aterogénica (TMA) presente en hombres visceralmente obesos (VO), incrementa 20 veces el riesgo de CP durante un período de 5 años. Fue desarrollado un algoritmo de detección precoz a fin de identificar individuos que podrían ser portadores de estas anormalidades ater (more) ogénicas. Fue descubierto que la presencia simultánea de una circunferencia de la cintura elevada y una hipertrigliceridemia moderada ("cintura hipertrigliceridémica" - CH) podrían identificar adecuadamente a una proporción significativa de portadores de la TMA. Es importante dejar claro, que incluso en ausencia de los clásicos factores de riesgo los pacientes VO pueden tener un riesgo elevado de CP si presentan la CH. Finalmente, se ha sugerido que el riesgo de desarrollar un síndrome coronario agudo en pacientes VO no está siempre relacionado al grado de estenosis coronaria y debería considerarse el perfil aterotrombótico/inflamatorio del paciente en la valoración del riesgo. La estabilización de la placa aterosclerótica se convertiría en un objetivo terapéutico legítimo y más factible para la prevención de la CP en los pacientes VO. Abstract in english Abdominal obesity is associated with metabolic abnormalities, increasing the risk of type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD). The Quebec Cardiovascular Survey demonstrated that the atherogenic metabolic triad (AMT) present in abdominally obese (AO) males increases the risk of CAD 20-fold over the course of 5 years. An early detection algorithm was developed to identify individuals presenting these atherogenic abnormalities. It was found that the association of l (more) arge waist circumference (WC) and moderate hypertriglyceridemia (the "hypertriglyceridemic waist", or HW) could adequately identify a significant portion of individuals with the AMT. It is important to note that even in the absence of classic risk factors, abdominally obese patients can present increased risk of CAD if they have HW. Finally, it has been suggested that the risk of developing an acute coronary syndrome in AO patients is not always related to the degree of coronary stenosis, and the patient?s atherothrombotic/inflammatory profile should be taken into account in evaluating risk. Stabilization of the atherosclerotic plaque would become a legitimate therapeutic objective, and more feasible for prevention of CAD, in AO patients.

Scarsella, Carla; Després, Jean-Pierre

2003-01-01

317

Endovascular treatment of splenic artery aneurysms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aneurysms of visceral arteries, including splenic artery, are relatively rare vascular pathology. Currently they are diagnosed more and more commonly due to widespread application of imaging procedures in diagnostics of other abdominal conditions. Splenic artery aneurysm develops often asymptomatically, and its rupture is associated with a high mortality rate. Hence, elective treatment of such aneurysms is suggested as a prophylaxis of the rupture. This report contains presentation of treatment outcome of nine patients with splenic aneurysm (10 aneurysms) treated in the years 2001-2006. In eight cases the treatment involved endovascular placement of metal embolisation coil into the aneurysm sac. In one female patient with two splenic artery aneurysms, following dissection of the proximal aneurysm and end-to-end anastomosis of the artery, the latter was repaired endovascularly in a delayed procedure. In none of the described cases any serious complications were observed. Complete occlusion of the aneurysm lumen following endovascular procedure was observed in 7 of 9 cases (77.8%). Moreover, we managed to spare the spleen in all the described cases. Endovascular techniques provide a good alternative for open surgery in treatment of the splenic artery aneurysm, although the latter is still the treatment of choice in cases of rupture of visceral artery aneurysm. (author)

2007-01-01

318

Aneurisma aórtico abdominal en pacientes mayores de 80 años: tratamiento quirúrgico convencional en 80 casos consecutivos/ Results of the surgical management of abdominal aortic aneurysms in 80 patients over 80 years of age  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available Abstract in english Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) may be lethal unless appropriately and timely treated. Since age is a surgical risk, octogenarians are usually not considered as candidates for surgical intervention. Aim: To asses surgical complications and mortality in octogenarians treated for AAA. Subjects and Methods: Patients aged 80 years older, treated consecutively between 1984-2001 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Sixty one patients were male, and their age ranged from 80 (more) to 95 years. All were treated with open surgery. The operation was elective in 58 and as an emergency in 22 patients (symptomatic or ruptured AAA). Aortic diameter was 6.8±1.4 cm in asymptomatic patients and 7.7±1.8 cm in emergency cases (p=0.024). Thirty days postoperative mortality was 5.1% in elective surgery compared to 40.6% in emergency operations (p

Valdés E, Francisco; Bergoeing R, Michel; Krämer Sch, Albrecht; Mertens M, Renato; Canessa B, Roberto; Lema F, Guillermo; Garayar P, Bernardita; Urzúa U, Jorge

2003-09-01

319

Management of abdominal wall defects (gastroschisis and omphalocele) at Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, in Medellín, Colombia, 1998-2006 Tratamiento de los defectos de la pared abdominal (gastrosquisis y onfalocele) en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, 1998-2006  

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Full Text Available Introduction: Gastroschisis and omphalocele are neonatal malformations of the abdominal wall. Despite their great differences, both are severe diseases characterized by herniation of viscera through the defect in the abdominal wall. Children with these defects present as surgical emergencies that pose a difficult challenge to the attending surgeon. Even with appropriate management, the mortality rate is between 20-40%. Omphalocele and, to a lesser degree gastroschisis, are associated with a wide range of malformations.Objective: The aim of this retrospective review was to describe the management of children with gastroschisis or omphalocele, and the results obtained with it, at thePediatric Surgery Section, Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, in Medellin, Colombia.Patients and methods: We evaluated the charts of all patients admitted to the Pediatric Surgery Section, between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 2006, with a diagnosis of gastroschisis or omphalocele. The type of treatment was defined as either primary closure or closure by stages; accordingly, we reviewed the results of the operation, the surgical complications (surgical site infection, evisceration, sepsis, ileus and intraabdominal hypertension), the time of onset of oral and total parenteral nutrition (TPN), and the duration of hospital and UCI stay.Results: 55 patients were identified, 32 with gastroschisis and 23 with omphalocele, all of whom were surgically treated. In 31 patients (56.4%) primary closure was carriedout, while in 24 (43.6%) the closure was done by stages; in the latter modality silo was most frequently used (12 cases). Complications, mostly sepsis, occurred in 42 patients (76.4%). The frequency of complications associated with the surgical procedure was similar for primary closure (49.9%) and for closure by stages (49.7%).Onset of the oral route was earlier in patients treated by primary closure. Patients with gastroschisis required longer hospital and UCI stays. Sixteen patients died (29.1%); mortality was higher in those with omphalocele (10/23; 43.5%) than in those with gastroschisis (6/32; 18.8%). Introducción: la gastrosquisis y el onfalocele son malformaciones de la pared abdominal en neonatos que, a pesar de sus grandes diferencias, tienen en común el hecho de ser enfermedades graves caracterizadas por la herniación de las vísceras intrabdominales a través de un defecto de la pared abdominal. Los niños con estas enfermedades se presentan como emergencias quirúrgicas que plantean un reto difícil para el cirujano tratante. Tienen una tasa de mortalidad que oscila entre 20- 40%, aun con el tratamiento apropiado y se asocian a un amplio rango de malformaciones, principalmente en los niños con onfalocele.Objetivo: el objetivo de la presente revisión retrospectiva es describir el tratamientode los pacientes con gastrosquisis y onfalocele, y los resultados con él obtenidos, entre 1998 y 2006, en la Sección de Cirugía Pediátrica del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl (HUSVP), de Medellín.Pacientes y métodos: se evaluaron todos los pacientes que ingresaron al Servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica del HUSVP con diagnóstico de gastrosquisis u onfalocele, entre el 1 de enero de 1998 y el 31 de diciembre de 2006. Se definió el tipo de tratamiento llevado a cabo y, de acuerdo con este, se revisaron los resultados: las complicaciones posquirúrgicas, tales como infección del sitio operatorio, evisceración, sepsis, íleo e hipertensión intrabdominal; el tiempo de inicio de la vía oral y de la nutrición parenteral total (NPT); la permanencia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI) y la duración de la estancia hospitalaria.Resultados: se identificaron 55 pacientes, 32 con gastrosquisis y 23 con onfalocele; en todos se hizo tratamiento quirúrgico. En 31 pacientes (56,4%) se hizo cierre primario y en 24 (43,6%), cierre por etapas; en esta última modalidad el procedimiento más utilizado fue el silo (12 niños; 50%). En 42 pacientes (76,4%) se presentaron complicaciones la más frecuente de l

Mirian Natalia Herrera Toro; María Elena Arango Rave; Paula María Jaramillo Gómez

2010-01-01

320

A look into the endovascular crystal ball  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper summarizes the highlights of the 15th International Workshop of Endovascular Surgery, held in Ajaccio in June 2008. This is an annual event that attracts leading endovascular therapists from both sides of the Atlantic Ocean as well as a contingency from down-under. The layout of this meeting followed the previous events with sessions on carotid artery disease and abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysms topped up with clinical cases, lower limb ischemia and venous disease. Generally the session takes off by summarising new evidence, followed by questions and discussion. This workshops gives the participants an excellent opportunity to get an updated perspective within these fast developing areas Udgivelsesdato: 2009/4

Schroeder, Torben Veith

2009-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

Endovascular Management of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

[en] The overall survival of patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) has improved significantly in the past few years. Endovascular treatment, proposed as an alternative to surgery, has been considered a therapeutic innovation because of its low degree of invasiveness, which allows the treatment of even high-surgical risk patients with limited complications and mortality. A major limitation is the lack of adequate evidence regarding long-term benefit and durability because follow-up has been limited to just a few years even in the largest series. The combination of endovascular exclusion with visceral branch revascularization for the treatment of thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysms involving the visceral aorta has also been attempted. As an alternative, endografts with branches represent a technological evolution that allows treatment of complex anatomy. Even if only small numbers of patients and short follow-up are available, this technical approach, which has with limited mortality (

2011-01-01

322

Endovascular thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair: a literature review of early and mid-term results.  

Science.gov (United States)

Successful endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) requires undilated proximal (infrarenal neck) and distal landing zones (common or external iliac arteries). A range of approved endografts are available to exclude such aneurysms. Recent multicentric prospective randomized trials have demonstrated a short and midterm decrease in aneurysm-related deaths of the endovascular technique compared to open surgery. These results have induced an overall increase in the rate of endovascular repair of AAA. Patients with more complex aortic aneurysms, involving the visceral vessels (juxta, para and thoraco-abdominal aneurysms (TAAA), have increased perioperative morbidity and mortality after open repair compared to AAA. These patients could potentially benefit from an endovascular approach. Branched and fenestrated endografts have been developed to address this endovascular challenge. This review was carried out on the current literature evaluating these new endovascular complex procedures. Spinal cord ischemia, 30-day mortality and branch patency rates after endovascular exclusion of TAAA ranged from 2.7% to 20%, 0% to 9.1% and 96% to 100% respectively. Mid-term results of endovascular complex aortic repairs are favourable compared to open surgery in high risk patients. Long-term results will be necessary to evaluate specific complications such as migration, material fatigue and component separation that can result in loss of visceral branches. PMID:19734829

D'Elia, P; Tyrrell, M; Sobocinski, J; Azzaoui, R; Koussa, M; Haulon, S

2009-08-01

323

Endovascular thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair: a literature review of early and mid-term results.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Successful endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) requires undilated proximal (infrarenal neck) and distal landing zones (common or external iliac arteries). A range of approved endografts are available to exclude such aneurysms. Recent multicentric prospective randomized trials have demonstrated a short and midterm decrease in aneurysm-related deaths of the endovascular technique compared to open surgery. These results have induced an overall increase in the rate of endovascular repair of AAA. Patients with more complex aortic aneurysms, involving the visceral vessels (juxta, para and thoraco-abdominal aneurysms (TAAA), have increased perioperative morbidity and mortality after open repair compared to AAA. These patients could potentially benefit from an endovascular approach. Branched and fenestrated endografts have been developed to address this endovascular challenge. This review was carried out on the current literature evaluating these new endovascular complex procedures. Spinal cord ischemia, 30-day mortality and branch patency rates after endovascular exclusion of TAAA ranged from 2.7% to 20%, 0% to 9.1% and 96% to 100% respectively. Mid-term results of endovascular complex aortic repairs are favourable compared to open surgery in high risk patients. Long-term results will be necessary to evaluate specific complications such as migration, material fatigue and component separation that can result in loss of visceral branches.

D'Elia P; Tyrrell M; Sobocinski J; Azzaoui R; Koussa M; Haulon S

2009-08-01

324

Abdominal aortic aneurysms in women.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Abdominal aortic aneurysms have an incidence that is approximately four to six times higher in men than in women. However, the incidence in women also rises with older age, although starting later in life than in men. There are also sex differences in the risk of rupture and in outcomes after endovascular and open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Various explanations have been proposed. Women historically have been under-represented in clinical trials to evaluate the differences between the sexes. We present a review of current recommendations and recent literature to help identify some of these differences.

Starr JE; Halpern V

2013-04-01

325

Aneurysmal disease: the abdominal aorta.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is one of the leading causes of death in the United States. Approximately 80% of AAAs occur in the infrarenal abdominal aorta. Most are caused by a degenerative process in the aortic wall, and smoking is the risk factor most strongly associated with AAA. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography is the most reliable imaging modality. Open repair is more invasive initially but more durable, whereas endovascular aneurysm repair is less invasive but less durable. Since degradation of the aorta progresses with age, continuous follow-up after aneurysmal repair improves the long-term outcome.

Takayama T; Yamanouchi D

2013-08-01

326

Abdominal splenosis Esplenosis abdominal  

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Full Text Available Splenosis is a benign condition caused by an ectopic autotransplantation of splenic tissues after splenic trauma or surgery. It usually occurs within the abdominal and pelvic cavity. Patients are generally asymptomatic and this entity is diagnosed accidentally. However, occasionally extensive abdominal splenosis poses a significant diagnostic dilemma for gastroenterologists, especially when this condition manifests as a disseminated metastatic malignant disease on abdominal imaging. This paper presents a concise review of the literature on this often misleading disorder. The crucial role of taking a thorough patient's medical history concerning splenic trauma in the past, the need for differential diagnosis of tumor-like lesions disclosed on abdominal imaging and novel diagnostics modalities that allow avoiding unnecessary laparotomy in case of abdominal splenosis are stressed. The increased prevalence of abdominal trauma due to road accidents and the growing armamentarium of available imaging modalities suggest that abdominal splenosis may be expected more often than ever. In order to prevent any possible diagnostic doubts and unnecessary future invasive examinations, confirmed splenosis should be recorded in the medical documentation of the patient.

Dorota Ksiadzyna; Amado Salvador Peña

2011-01-01

327

Awake, percutaneous repair of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.  

UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

BACKGROUND: The rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm is a highly lethal event, claiming approximately 15,000 lives each year. Traditionally, open surgical repair has been the mainstay for treatment. However, this surgery is associated with almost a 50% perioperative mortality rate. Minimally invasive endovascular stent grafts have bee