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Tratamiento endovascular del aneurisma de aorta abdominal / Endovascular treatment of the abdominal aorta aneurysm  

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Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Reportar nuestra experiencia en el tratamiento endovascular en la resolución de la patología aórtica y evaluar la morbi-mortalidad. Sede: Centro Médico del Instituto de Seguridad Social del Estado de México y Municipios (ISSEMyM). Diseño: Estudio descriptivo, observacional, transversal, re [...] trospectivo. Análisis estadístico: Porcentajes como medida de resumen para variables cualitativas. Métodos: Se revisaron los expedientes clínicos de los pacientes con aneurisma de aorta abdominal (AAA) a los cuales se les realizó procedimiento endovascular entre junio de 2005 a junio de 2009. Analizando las siguientes variables: género y edad, diámetro del aneurisma aórtico, endoprótesis utilizada, patología concomitante, complicaciones, uso de hemoderivados, días de estancia intra-hospitalaria y morbi-mortalidad. Resultados: 12 pacientes, 10 del género masculino, edad promedio de 57.8 años, diámetro del aneurisma de 66.8 mm, procedimiento anestésico general en todos los pacientes, promedio de unidades de hemoderivados utilizados fue de 0.5, se presentaron tres complicaciones, dos inherentes al procedimiento endovascular. Conclusión: El tratamiento endovascular de la enfermedad aórtica se ha convertido en una opción terapéutica, que ofrece una baja morbi-mortalidad y excelentes resultados a corto plazo, siendo realizado por un grupo multidisciplinario en el área cardiovascular. Abstract in english Objective: To report our experience in the endovascular treatment to resolve aortic pathology and assess the associated morbidity and mortality. Setting: Medical Center of the Instituto de Seguridad Social del Estado de México y Municipios (ISSEMyM), Mexico. Design: Descriptive, observational retros [...] pective, transversal study. Statistical analysis: Percentages as summary measure for qualitative variables. Method: We reviewed the clinical records of patients with abdominal aorta aneurysm (AAA) that were subjected to an endovascular procedure between June 2005 and June 2009. We analyzed the following variables: gender and age, diameter of the aortic aneurysm, used endoprosthesis, concomitant pathology, complications, use of hemoderivates, length of in-hospital stay, morbidity, and mortality. Results: We found 12 patients, 10 were men, average age of 57.8 years, aneurysm diameter of 66.8 mm, general anesthesia was used in all patients, the average of hemoderivate units was of 0.5, three complications occurred, two of them were inherent to the endovascular procedure. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment of aortic disease has become a therapeutic alternative that offers a low morbidity and mortality and excellent results in the short term when it is performed by a multidisciplinary team in the cardiovascular area.

Fernando, Rodríguez-Ortega; Marco Antonio, Hernández-Mercado; Jesús A, Reyes-Corona; Neyra, Gómez-Ríos; Antonio, Jaymes-Nuñez; Humberto, Alegría-García; Javier, Palma-Mercado.

2011-03-01

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Aneurisma de la aorta abdominal: Tratamiento endovascular con una endoprótesis fenestrada Abdominal aortic aneurysm: Endovascular treatment with fenestrated endoprothesis  

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Full Text Available El tratamiento endovascular de los aneurismas de aorta abdominal es una alternativa a la cirugía abierta para pacientes de alto riesgo. Consiste en la exclusión del saco aneurismático mediante la interposición de una endoprótesis colocada por vía femoral. El tratamiento endovascular no puede ser utilizado en todos los pacientes. Una limitación frecuente la constituye el nacimiento de una arteria visceral desde el saco aneurismático. Para contrarrestar esta limitación recientemente se han desarrollado endoprótesis fenestradas que presentan orificios que se corresponden con el nacimiento de las arterias involucradas en el aneurisma evitando su oclusión, permitiendo de esta manera el tratamiento endovascular. En esta comunicación se presenta un caso de tratamiento endovascular de un aneurisma de aorta abdominal mediante la colocación de una endoprótesis fenestrada en un paciente cuya arteria renal izquierda nacía directamente del saco aneurismático.Endovascular treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm is consider an alternative to open surgery for high risk patients. Its goal is to exclude the aneurysm from the circulation by using an endoprothesis introduced from a femoral approach. Patients must be strictly selected to avoid possible complications. The most frequent limitation is related to anatomic contraindications such as visceral arteries involved in the aneurysm. Fenestrated endograft have been recently developed to allow endovascular treatment when anatomic features contraindicate classic endovascular procedures. Fenestrated endograft have holes that match with the origin of the visceral arteries maintaining its potency. In this paper we report the endovascular treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm by using a fenestrated endoprothesis in a patient whose left renal artery is originated from the aneurysm.

Román Rostagno

2008-12-01

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Aneurisma de la aorta abdominal: Tratamiento endovascular con una endoprótesis fenestrada / Abdominal aortic aneurysm: Endovascular treatment with fenestrated endoprothesis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El tratamiento endovascular de los aneurismas de aorta abdominal es una alternativa a la cirugía abierta para pacientes de alto riesgo. Consiste en la exclusión del saco aneurismático mediante la interposición de una endoprótesis colocada por vía femoral. El tratamiento endovascular no puede ser uti [...] lizado en todos los pacientes. Una limitación frecuente la constituye el nacimiento de una arteria visceral desde el saco aneurismático. Para contrarrestar esta limitación recientemente se han desarrollado endoprótesis fenestradas que presentan orificios que se corresponden con el nacimiento de las arterias involucradas en el aneurisma evitando su oclusión, permitiendo de esta manera el tratamiento endovascular. En esta comunicación se presenta un caso de tratamiento endovascular de un aneurisma de aorta abdominal mediante la colocación de una endoprótesis fenestrada en un paciente cuya arteria renal izquierda nacía directamente del saco aneurismático. Abstract in english Endovascular treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm is consider an alternative to open surgery for high risk patients. Its goal is to exclude the aneurysm from the circulation by using an endoprothesis introduced from a femoral approach. Patients must be strictly selected to avoid possible compl [...] ications. The most frequent limitation is related to anatomic contraindications such as visceral arteries involved in the aneurysm. Fenestrated endograft have been recently developed to allow endovascular treatment when anatomic features contraindicate classic endovascular procedures. Fenestrated endograft have holes that match with the origin of the visceral arteries maintaining its potency. In this paper we report the endovascular treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm by using a fenestrated endoprothesis in a patient whose left renal artery is originated from the aneurysm.

Román, Rostagno; Vicente, Cesareo; Ricardo, García-Mónaco; Oscar, Peralta; Alberto, Domenech; Daniel, Bracco.

2008-12-01

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Tratamiento de aorta abdominal e ilíacas con técnica endovascular: Experiencia quirúrgica / Treatment of abdominal aorta and iliac arteries with endovascular technique  

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Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Antecedentes: desde 1991 la técnica endovascular se ha aplicado con éxito en el manejo de los aneurismas de aorta infrarrenal, y se ha perfeccionado de manera tal que rápidamente se ha convertido en una alternativa para pacientes de alto riesgo para la cirugía convencional. Objetivo: describir los r [...] esultados institucionales en el manejo de las patologías de aorta abdominal e ilíacas mediante técnica endovascular desde 2003 a 2005. Diseño-Método: estudio descriptivo, longitudinal, retrospectivo, en el que se analizaron las historias clínicas de los pacientes sometidos a procedimiento endovascular de aorta abdominal e ilíacas. El análisis se realizó en Stata 8,0 S/E. Resultados: a 9 pacientes se les realizó exclusivamente manejo de lesiones en aorta abdominal e ilíacas. Todos los pacientes del estudio fueron hombres con edad media de 68,9 + 8,1 años. Los diagnósticos fueron aneurisma de aorta infrarrenal en 6 pacientes y aneurismas anastomóticos en los 3 restantes. Se evidenció requerimiento de endoprótesis en promedio de 1,9 + 0,8. Se realizó puente femoro-femoral como procedimiento simultáneo en 4 de los 9 pacientes. El 77,8% de los pacientes no tuvo complicaciones. La mortalidad por el procedimiento alcanzó el 22% (2 pacientes), si bien cabe anotar que las complicaciones se presentaron sólo en esos dos pacientes. Conclusiones: la exclusión de aneurismas de aorta y de ilíacas con endoprótesis modulares, se está implementando ampliamente como una opción válida de tratamiento, con resultados excelentes que evitan los riesgos de la intervención convencional y la morbilidad asociada. Abstract in english Antecedents: since 1991 endovascular technique has been successfully used in the management of infra-renal aortic aneurysms and it has been improved in such a way that it has quickly turned into an alternative for patients considered having high risk for conventional surgery. Objective: describe the [...] institutional results in the management of abdominal aortic pathologies through endovascular technique from 2003 to 2005. Design-Method: descriptive, longitudinal, retrospective study in which clinical histories of patients that underwent an endovascular procedure of abdominal aorta and iliac arteries were analyzed. The analysis was performed in Stata 8,0 S/E. Results: 9 patients received exclusively treatment for abdominal aortic and iliac lesions. All were male individuals with mean age 68.9 ± 8.1 years. 6 patients had diagnosis of infra-renal aortic aneurysm and the other 3 had anastomotic aneurysms. Requirement of endoprosthesis was evidenced in an average of 1.9 ± 0.8. Femoro-femoral bypass surgery was performed as simultaneous procedure in 4 of the 9 patients. 77.8% of patients had no complications. Mortality due to the procedure was 22% (2 patients) and it is important to notice that only these 2 patients had complications. Conclusions: exclusion of aortic and iliac aneurysms with modular endoprosthesis is being widely implemented as a valid treatment option, with excellent results that avoid the risks of conventional surgery and its associated morbidity.

Juan G, Barrera; Ligia C, Mateus; Marisol, Carreño; Jorge E, Bayter; José F, Saaibi; Carlos S, Balestrini; Melquisedec, Gutiérrez; Jaime, Calderón; Víctor R, Castillo; Oscar F, Calvo; Jimmy G, Muñoz; Carlos, Santos; Omar F, Gomezese; Freddy, López; Camilo, Pizarro; Carlos A, Luengas; Ángel M, Chávez.

2007-08-01

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Tratamiento de aorta abdominal e ilíacas con técnica endovascular: Experiencia quirúrgica Treatment of abdominal aorta and iliac arteries with endovascular technique  

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Full Text Available Antecedentes: desde 1991 la técnica endovascular se ha aplicado con éxito en el manejo de los aneurismas de aorta infrarrenal, y se ha perfeccionado de manera tal que rápidamente se ha convertido en una alternativa para pacientes de alto riesgo para la cirugía convencional. Objetivo: describir los resultados institucionales en el manejo de las patologías de aorta abdominal e ilíacas mediante técnica endovascular desde 2003 a 2005. Diseño-Método: estudio descriptivo, longitudinal, retrospectivo, en el que se analizaron las historias clínicas de los pacientes sometidos a procedimiento endovascular de aorta abdominal e ilíacas. El análisis se realizó en Stata 8,0 S/E. Resultados: a 9 pacientes se les realizó exclusivamente manejo de lesiones en aorta abdominal e ilíacas. Todos los pacientes del estudio fueron hombres con edad media de 68,9 + 8,1 años. Los diagnósticos fueron aneurisma de aorta infrarrenal en 6 pacientes y aneurismas anastomóticos en los 3 restantes. Se evidenció requerimiento de endoprótesis en promedio de 1,9 + 0,8. Se realizó puente femoro-femoral como procedimiento simultáneo en 4 de los 9 pacientes. El 77,8% de los pacientes no tuvo complicaciones. La mortalidad por el procedimiento alcanzó el 22% (2 pacientes, si bien cabe anotar que las complicaciones se presentaron sólo en esos dos pacientes. Conclusiones: la exclusión de aneurismas de aorta y de ilíacas con endoprótesis modulares, se está implementando ampliamente como una opción válida de tratamiento, con resultados excelentes que evitan los riesgos de la intervención convencional y la morbilidad asociada.Antecedents: since 1991 endovascular technique has been successfully used in the management of infra-renal aortic aneurysms and it has been improved in such a way that it has quickly turned into an alternative for patients considered having high risk for conventional surgery. Objective: describe the institutional results in the management of abdominal aortic pathologies through endovascular technique from 2003 to 2005. Design-Method: descriptive, longitudinal, retrospective study in which clinical histories of patients that underwent an endovascular procedure of abdominal aorta and iliac arteries were analyzed. The analysis was performed in Stata 8,0 S/E. Results: 9 patients received exclusively treatment for abdominal aortic and iliac lesions. All were male individuals with mean age 68.9 ± 8.1 years. 6 patients had diagnosis of infra-renal aortic aneurysm and the other 3 had anastomotic aneurysms. Requirement of endoprosthesis was evidenced in an average of 1.9 ± 0.8. Femoro-femoral bypass surgery was performed as simultaneous procedure in 4 of the 9 patients. 77.8% of patients had no complications. Mortality due to the procedure was 22% (2 patients and it is important to notice that only these 2 patients had complications. Conclusions: exclusion of aortic and iliac aneurysms with modular endoprosthesis is being widely implemented as a valid treatment option, with excellent results that avoid the risks of conventional surgery and its associated morbidity.

Juan G Barrera

2007-08-01

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Tratamiento endovascular de aneurisma aórtico abdominal: resultados en 80 pacientes consecutivos Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: Results in 80 consecutive patients  

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Full Text Available Background: Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA avoids laparotomy, shortens hospital stay and reduces morbidity and mortality related to surgical repair, allowing full patient recovery in less time. Aim: To report short and long term results of endovascular repair of AAA in 80 consecutive patients treated at our institution. Patients and Methods: Between September 1997 and February 2005, three women and 77 men with a mean age 73.6±7.7 years with AAA 5.8±1.0 cm in diameter, were treated. The surgical risk of 38% of patients was grade III according to the American Society of Anesthesiologists classification. Each procedure was performed in the operating room, under local or regional anesthesia, with the aid of digital substraction angiography. The endograft was deployed through the femoral artery (83.7% bifurcated, 16.3% tubular graft. A femoro-femoral bypass was required in 11.3% of cases. Follow-up included a spiral CT scan at 1, 6 and 12 months postoperatively, and then annually. Results: Endovascular repair was successfully completed in 79/80 patients (98.7% technical success. The procedures lasted 147±71 min. Length of stay in the observation unit was 20.6±13.5 h. Blood transfusion was required in 10%. Sixty two percent of the patients were discharged before 72 h. One patient died 8 days after surgery due to a myocardial infarction (1.3%. During follow-up (3-90 months, 1 patient developed late AAA enlargement due to a type I endoleak, requiring a new endograft. No AAA rupture was observed. Survival at 4 years was 84.2% (SE =9.2. Endovascular re-intervention free survival was 82.7% (SE =9.5. Conclusion: Endovascular surgery allows effective exclusion of AAA avoiding progressive enlargement and/or rupture and is a good alternative to open repair. Close and frequent postoperative follow up is mandatory

Francisco Valdés E

2006-10-01

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TRATAMIENTO PERCUTÁNEO CON PRÓTESIS ENDOVASCULAR DE COARTACIÓN DE AORTA ABDOMINAL EN UN ADULTO / Percutaneous treatment with endovascular prosthesis of abdominal aortic coarctation in an adult  

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Resumen: La coartación de la aorta abdominal es una afección vascular no hereditaria poco frecuente, que afecta a hombres y mujeres por igual. Recientemente ha sido nombrada como “Síndrome aórtico medio”, y los hallazgos clínicos son similares a los de la CoAo típica. Para el diagnóstico, se debe recurrir a la resonancia magnética o a la arteriografía, y las opciones terapéuticas incluyen la dilatación percutánea con catéter-globo, el tratamiento quirúrgico y, por último, ...

Luis Felipe Vega Fleites; José Raúl Nodarse Valdivia; Alejandro Agüero Sánchez; Rosendo Ibargollín Hernández; Norge Lara Pérez; Joel Soutuyo Rivera; Moreno Marti?nez, Francisco L.; Juan Antonio San Blas Valdés; Moro Rodri?guez, Rube?n T.; Albania Ayubi Jiménez; Mayuli Bujans González

2010-01-01

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Tratamiento endovascular de las patologías de aorta -Estado del arte-: Parte 1 - Aneurismas de aorta abdominal Endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies -State of the art-: Part 1 - Aneurysms of abdominal aorta  

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Full Text Available En la actualidad, el tratamiento endovascular de las patologías de aorta es una alternativa a la cirugía abierta. Éste ha demostrado ser seguro ya que arroja resultados iguales o superiores que el grupo quirúrgico. En este artículo se presenta el estado actual del tratamiento con endoprótesis de las patologías de aorta, así como las indicaciones, las contraindicaciones y el futuro del tratamiento con este tipo de dispositivos.Endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies is actually an alternative to open surgery. It has proven to be safe, showing similar or better results to those achieved by surgery. In this article, treatment of aortic pathologies by means of endoprosthesis is presented, as well as its indications, contraindications and future treatment with this kind of devices.

Carlos E Uribe

2007-12-01

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Tratamiento endovascular de las patologías de aorta -Estado del arte-: Parte 1 - Aneurismas de aorta abdominal / Endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies -State of the art-: Part 1 - Aneurysms of abdominal aorta  

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Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En la actualidad, el tratamiento endovascular de las patologías de aorta es una alternativa a la cirugía abierta. Éste ha demostrado ser seguro ya que arroja resultados iguales o superiores que el grupo quirúrgico. En este artículo se presenta el estado actual del tratamiento con endoprótesis de las [...] patologías de aorta, así como las indicaciones, las contraindicaciones y el futuro del tratamiento con este tipo de dispositivos. Abstract in english Endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies is actually an alternative to open surgery. It has proven to be safe, showing similar or better results to those achieved by surgery. In this article, treatment of aortic pathologies by means of endoprosthesis is presented, as well as its indications, con [...] traindications and future treatment with this kind of devices.

Carlos E, Uribe; Luis I, Calderón; Pablo, Castro; Germán S, Gómez; Edgar F, Hurtado; Gilberto, Estrada.

2007-12-01

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Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms  

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) is an exciting new minimally invasive treatment option for patients with this disease. Ochsner Clinic has been the only institution in the Gulf South participating in FDA clinical trials of these investigational devices. Early results with endovascular AAA repair demonstrate a trend towards lower mortality and morbidity when compared with traditional open surgery. Length of stay has been reduced by two-thirds with a marked reduction ...

Sternbergh, W. Charles; Yoselevitz, Moises; Money, Samuel R.

1999-01-01

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Endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA is a potentially lethal state. Only half of patients with ruptured AAA reach the hospital alive. The alternative for open reconstruction of this condition is endovascular repair (EVAR. We presented a successful endovascular reapir of ruptured AAA in a patient with a number of comorbidities. Case report. A 60-year-old man was admitted to our institution due to diffuse abdominal pain with flatulence and belching. Initial abdominal ultrasonography showed an AAA that was confirmed on multislice computed tomography scan angiography which revealed a large retroperitoneal haematoma. Because of patient’s comorbidites (previous surgery of laryngeal carcinoma and one-third laryngeal stenosis, arterial hypertension and cardiomyopathy with left ventricle ejection fraction of 30%, stenosis of the right internal carotid artery of 80% it was decided that endovascular repair of ruptured AAA in local anaesthesia and analgosedation would be treatment of choice. Endovascular grafting was achieved with aorto-bi-iliac bifurcated excluder endoprosthesis with complete exclusion of the aneurysmal sac, without further enlargment of haemathoma and no contrast leakage. The postoperative course of the patient was eventless, without complications. On recall examination 3 months after, the state of the patient was well. Conclusion. The alternative for open reconstruction of ruptured AAA in haemodynamically stable patients with suitable anatomy and comorbidities could be emergency EVAR in local anesthesia. This technique could provide greater chances for survival with lower intraoperative and postoperative morbidity and mortality, as shown in the presented patient.

Šarac Momir

2014-01-01

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Endovascular Repair of a Blunt Abdominal Aortic Injury  

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Blunt abdominal aortic injury is an uncommon traumatic finding. In the past, treatment options have traditionally consisted of open operative repair; however, the development of endovascular surgery has created new interventional possibilities. This case is presented to demonstrate the applications of endovascular abdominal aortic repair for a blunt traumatic injury.

Tobler, William D.; Tan, Tze-woei; Farber, Alik

2012-01-01

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Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in the geriatric population  

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Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a relatively common pathology among the elderly. More people above the age of 80 will have to undergo treatment of an AAA in the future. This review aims to summarize the literature focusing on endovascular repair of AAA in the geriatric population. A systematic review of the literature was performed, including results from endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) registries and studies comparing open repair and EVAR in those above the age of 80....

Athanasios Saratzis; Saif Mohamed

2012-01-01

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Endovascular Treatment of Proximal Bilateral Iliac Limb Dislocation and Kinking following Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair  

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We report the case of a 69-year-old man with a late type 1b endoleak due to proximal migration of both iliac limbs 5 years after endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The endovascular method used to correct bilaterally this condition is described. Final angiographic control shows patency of the stent-graft without signs of endoleak

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Anestesia para intervenção cirúrgica endovascular na aorta abdominal Anestesia para intervención quirúrgica endovascular en la aorta abdominal Anesthesia for endovascular surgery of the abdominal aorta  

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Full Text Available JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O procedimento endovascular para correção de aneurisma de aorta é menos invasivo que o convencional, além de apresentar outras vantagens, como ausência de incisão abdominal, ausência de pinçamento da aorta e menor tempo de recuperação pós-operatória. Por se tratar de procedimento cirúrgico relativamente novo e apresentar uma série de alterações que devem ser conhecidas pelo anestesiologista foi realizado este trabalho com o objetivo de revisar os aspectos mais relevantes do procedimento endovascular e possibilitar manuseio anestésico mais adequado no perioperatório. CONTEÚDO: Apresentação sucinta da técnica cirúrgica para reparo de aneurismas via endovascular, as possíveis vantagens e desvantagens do procedimento, bem como as complicações potenciais. Além disso, foram abordados os cuidados perioperatórios que o procedimento exige e as técnicas anestésicas que podem ser utilizadas. CONCLUSÕES: O conhecimento das alterações provenientes do procedimento endovascular possibilita conduta anestésica mais adequada e melhora dos resultados perioperatórios nesses pacientes.JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: El procedimiento endovascular para la corrección del aneurisma de aorta es menos invasivo que el convencional, además de presentar otras ventajas como la ausencia de incisión abdominal, ausencia de pinzamiento de la aorta y un menor tiempo de recuperación postoperatoria. Por tratarse de un procedimiento quirúrgico relativamente nuevo y por presentar una serie de alteraciones que deben ser conocidas por el anestesiólogo, se realizó este trabajo con el objetivo de revisar los aspectos más relevantes del procedimiento endovascular y posibilitar el manejo anestésico más adecuado en el perioperatorio. CONTENIDO: Sencilla presentación de la técnica quirúrgica para la cura de aneurismas vía endovascular, las posibles ventajas y desventajas del procedimiento, como también las complicaciones potenciales. Además de eso, se abordaron los cuidados perioperatorios que el procedimiento exige y las técnicas anestésicas que pueden ser utilizadas. CONCLUSIONES: El conocimiento de las alteraciones provenientes del procedimiento endovascular posibilita una conducta anestésica más adecuada y la mejora de los resultados perioperatorios en esos pacientes.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Endovascular surgery for aneurism of the aorta is less invasive than the conventional procedure besides other advantages such as the absence of abdominal incision, absence of ligature of the aorta, and reduced postoperative recovery time. Since it is a relatively new procedure and to presenting a series of changes that should be known by the anesthesiologist, the objective of this report was to review the most relevant aspects of endovascular surgery, allowing more adequate perioperative anesthetic management. CONTENTS: A brief description of the technique of endovascular aneurism repair, possible vantages and disadvantages of its use, as well as potential complications are discussed. CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge of the changes secondary to the endovascular procedure allows a more adequate anesthetic conduct and improves the postoperative results in those patients.

Michelle Nacur Lorentz

2008-10-01

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic paraanastomotic pseudoaneurysms after surgical reconstruction  

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Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of endovascular treatment of paraaortic postoperative abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysms. Materials and methods: From April 1996 to November 2007 five men with paraaortic postoperative abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm underwent endovascular treatment. Average age was 64.2 years (range 54-73). The average time interval between the primary surgery and endovascular treatment was 12.4 years (4 months-23 years). Three patients were treated by aortouniiliacal stentgrafts and two patients by tube stentgrafts. Results: Technical success rate was 100%. Pseudoaneurysms were primarily excluded from circulation without perioperative complications in all patients. At follow-up (mean 38.5 months) there were no deaths and no endoleaks. In one patient thrombosis of stentgraft was found and it was successfully treated by thrombectomy. All pseudoaneurysms still continued to be excluded from circulation in the last follow-up. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment is minimally invasive, effective and safe option of surgery for paraaortic postoperative pseudoaneurysms.

Cerna, Marie [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Koecher, Martin [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic)], E-mail: martin.kocher@seznam.cz; Utikal, Petr [Department of Surgery, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Koutna, Jirina [Department of Anaestology, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Drac, Petr; Bachleda, Petr [Department of Surgery, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Burval, Stanislav; Kozak, Jiri; Thomas, Rohit Philip [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic)

2009-08-15

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic paraanastomotic pseudoaneurysms after surgical reconstruction  

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Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of endovascular treatment of paraaortic postoperative abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysms. Materials and methods: From April 1996 to November 2007 five men with paraaortic postoperative abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm underwent endovascular treatment. Average age was 64.2 years (range 54-73). The average time interval between the primary surgery and endovascular treatment was 12.4 years (4 months-23 years). Three patients were treated by aortouniiliacal stentgrafts and two patients by tube stentgrafts. Results: Technical success rate was 100%. Pseudoaneurysms were primarily excluded from circulation without perioperative complications in all patients. At follow-up (mean 38.5 months) there were no deaths and no endoleaks. In one patient thrombosis of stentgraft was found and it was successfully treated by thrombectomy. All pseudoaneurysms still continued to be excluded from circulation in the last follow-up. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment is minimally invasive, effective and safe option of surgery for paraaortic postoperative pseudoaneurysms.

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Neurologic injury after endovascular exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

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Objective: To investigate the mechanism of neurologic injury after endovascular graft exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms and the methods of prevention and treatment. Materials: Since March 1997 to October 2002, endovascular graft exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm have been preformed on 136 patients, with one occurrence of neurologic injury after the operation. The main body-short limb graft was used in this case (Talent) and the operation was successful. The patient complained of bilateral lower extremities pain and disability. Electromusculogram showed bilateral femoral nerve injury. Then the patient was treated with vitamin B12, hyperbaric oxygen and physical therapy for 2 months outcoming with the symptom improvement. Conclusions: Neurologic injury after endovascular graft exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysms is possible due to the occlusion of the lumbar artery during the operation. Early treatment is important and more effective. Later nerve nutrition and physical treatment can improve some symptoms partly

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Anestesia para intervenção cirúrgica endovascular na aorta abdominal / Anesthesia for endovascular surgery of the abdominal aorta / Anestesia para intervención quirúrgica endovascular en la aorta abdominal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: O procedimento endovascular para correção de aneurisma de aorta é menos invasivo que o convencional, além de apresentar outras vantagens, como ausência de incisão abdominal, ausência de pinçamento da aorta e menor tempo de recuperação pós-operatória. Por se tratar de proce [...] dimento cirúrgico relativamente novo e apresentar uma série de alterações que devem ser conhecidas pelo anestesiologista foi realizado este trabalho com o objetivo de revisar os aspectos mais relevantes do procedimento endovascular e possibilitar manuseio anestésico mais adequado no perioperatório. CONTEÚDO: Apresentação sucinta da técnica cirúrgica para reparo de aneurismas via endovascular, as possíveis vantagens e desvantagens do procedimento, bem como as complicações potenciais. Além disso, foram abordados os cuidados perioperatórios que o procedimento exige e as técnicas anestésicas que podem ser utilizadas. CONCLUSÕES: O conhecimento das alterações provenientes do procedimento endovascular possibilita conduta anestésica mais adequada e melhora dos resultados perioperatórios nesses pacientes. Abstract in spanish JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: El procedimiento endovascular para la corrección del aneurisma de aorta es menos invasivo que el convencional, además de presentar otras ventajas como la ausencia de incisión abdominal, ausencia de pinzamiento de la aorta y un menor tiempo de recuperación postoperatoria. P [...] or tratarse de un procedimiento quirúrgico relativamente nuevo y por presentar una serie de alteraciones que deben ser conocidas por el anestesiólogo, se realizó este trabajo con el objetivo de revisar los aspectos más relevantes del procedimiento endovascular y posibilitar el manejo anestésico más adecuado en el perioperatorio. CONTENIDO: Sencilla presentación de la técnica quirúrgica para la cura de aneurismas vía endovascular, las posibles ventajas y desventajas del procedimiento, como también las complicaciones potenciales. Además de eso, se abordaron los cuidados perioperatorios que el procedimiento exige y las técnicas anestésicas que pueden ser utilizadas. CONCLUSIONES: El conocimiento de las alteraciones provenientes del procedimiento endovascular posibilita una conducta anestésica más adecuada y la mejora de los resultados perioperatorios en esos pacientes. Abstract in english BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Endovascular surgery for aneurism of the aorta is less invasive than the conventional procedure besides other advantages such as the absence of abdominal incision, absence of ligature of the aorta, and reduced postoperative recovery time. Since it is a relatively new proce [...] dure and to presenting a series of changes that should be known by the anesthesiologist, the objective of this report was to review the most relevant aspects of endovascular surgery, allowing more adequate perioperative anesthetic management. CONTENTS: A brief description of the technique of endovascular aneurism repair, possible vantages and disadvantages of its use, as well as potential complications are discussed. CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge of the changes secondary to the endovascular procedure allows a more adequate anesthetic conduct and improves the postoperative results in those patients.

Michelle Nacur, Lorentz; Carlos Leonardo Alves, Boni; Raquel Reis, Soares.

2008-10-01

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Should endovascular repair be used for small abdominal aortic aneurysms?  

Science.gov (United States)

The outcomes of endovascular repair for small abdominal aortic aneurysm (4.0-4.9 cm) is reported. All patients undergoing endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair between 2000 and 2006 with maximal diameter 4.0 to 4.9 cm form the small aneurysm study cohort. Data were analyzed retrospectively and life-table methods were used. Of 743 endovascular repairs, 132 (17.8%) were performed for small abdominal aortic aneurysm. Perioperative complication rate was 9.1%. Freedom from aneurysm expansion was 96% at 1 year, 86% at 3 years, and 77% at 5 years. Overall survival was 98%, 93%, and 84% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. Perioperative 30-day mortality was 0.8% with an aneurysm-related mortality of 1.5% at 5 years. There were no deaths from delayed aneurysm rupture. Endovascular repair of small abdominal aortic aneurysm is associated with low perioperative morbidity and mortality compared with published results for open repair, and treatment threshold can be reduced to 4 cm in selected patients. PMID:18270271

LeCroy, Christopher J; Passman, Marc A; Taylor, Steven M; Patterson, Mark A; Combs, Bart R; Jordan, William D

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Patient with Renal Transplant  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Patients with functioning renal transplant who develop abdominal aortic aneurysm can safely be treated with endovascular repair. Endovascular repair of aneurysm avoids renal ischemia associated with cross-clamping of aorta

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Fatal late multiple emboli after endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Case report  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The short term experience of endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) seems promising but long term randomised data are lacking. Consequently, cases treated by endovascular procedures need to be closely followed for potential risks and benefits.

Lindholt, Jes Sanddal; Sandermann, Jes

1998-01-01

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Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm after Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

In treating uncomplicated abdominal aortic aenurysm, endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been employed as a good alternative to open repair with low perioperative morbidity and mortality. However, the aneurysm can enlarge or rupture even after EVAR as a result of device failure, endoleak, or graft migration. We experienced two cases of aneurismal rupture after EVAR, which were successfully treated by surgical extra-anatomic bypass.

Lee, Chung Won; Chung, Sung Woon; Kim, Jong Won; Kim, Sangpil; Bae, Mi Ju; Kim, Chang Won

2011-01-01

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Treatment of Complications Following Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is an important treatment option for abdominal aortic aneurysms, with lower perioperative morbidity and mortality rates than open surgical aneurysm repair. However, EVAR is associated with several unique complications that are not encountered with surgical repair such as endoleaks, graft migration, and renal artery occlusion. Preservation of the morbidity and mortality advantages of EVAR relies on the successful treatment of these complications by minimally...

Grande, William; Stavropoulos, S. William

2006-01-01

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Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

In treating uncomplicated abdominal aortic aenurysm, endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been employed as a good alternative to open repair with low perioperative morbidity and mortality. However, the aneurysm can enlarge or rupture even after EVAR as a result of device failure, endoleak, or graft migration. We experienced two cases of aneurismal rupture after EVAR, which were successfully treated by surgical extra-anatomic bypass. PMID:22263128

Lee, Chung Won; Chung, Sung Woon; Kim, Jong Won; Kim, Sangpil; Bae, Mi Ju; Kim, Chang Won

2011-02-01

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Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Aortocaval Fistula  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aortocaval fistula (ACF) is a rare complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). We report the endovascular repair of an AAA rupture into the inferior vena cava. A 78-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for acute hypotension. She presented with a pulsatile abdominal mass and became rapidly anuric. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed an AAA rupture into the inferior vena cava. The features of the AAA made it suitable for endovascular repair. To prevent pulmonary embolism caused by the presence of sac thrombosis near the vena cava lumen, a temporary vena cava filter was deployed before the procedure. A bifurcated stent-graft was placed with the patient under local anaesthesia, and the AAA was successfully treated. A transient type II endoleak was detected on CT 3 days after endograft placement. At routine follow-up 6 and 12 months after the procedure, the patient was in good clinical condition, and the type II endoleak had sealed completely. Endovascular treatment offers an attractive therapeutic alternative to open repair in case of ACF; however, only small numbers of patients have been treated, and long-term follow-up interval is lacking.

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Tratamento endovascular de pseudoaneurisma da aorta abdominal: relato de caso Endovascular treatment of an abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm: a case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Um estudante de 17 anos, masculino, sofreu ferimentos por arma de fogo e foi submetido a uma laparotomia exploradora. No pós-operatório, queixava-se de dores em membros inferiores e de massa abdominal pulsátil. Realizou tomografia computadorizada (TC de abdome, que evidenciou pseudoaneurisma de aorta abdominal de cerca de 8 cm no maior diâmetro, localizado entre o tronco celíaco e a artéria mesentérica superior. Uma arteriografia confirmou o diagnóstico e procedeu-se, então, a embolização da lesão com fragmentos de fio-guia montados com fios de algodão. Após seis meses, realizou ecoDoppler de aorta abdominal e nova TC de abdome, que evidenciaram fluxo no interior do saco do pseudoaneurisma. Foi, então, submetido a nova embolização endovascular e implante de stent não-revestido de 18 x 58 mm. Após seis meses do último procedimento, realizou-se nova TC de abdome que demonstrou exclusão da lesão.A 17 years old male student has received several gunshots and was submitted to exploratory laparotomy. After surgery, he complained of pain in the lower limbs and a pulsatile abdominal mass. An abdominal computerized tomography (CT scan was carried out and revealed an abdominal aorta pseudoaneurysm of about 8 cm in the larger diameter between the celiac trunk and the superior mesenteric artery. An arteriography confirmed the diagnosis and he was submitted to the lesion embolization with cotton suture wires attached to metallic guide wire fragments. After six months, an abdominal aorta Doppler ultrasonography and a new abdominal CT scan were ordered and depicted flow inside the pseudoaneurysm. The patient was then submitted to a new endovascular embolization, and an 18 x 58 mm uncovered stent was placed. After six months from the last procedure, a new abdominal CT scan showed exclusion of the lesion.

Emerson Henrique do Nascimento

2010-09-01

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Experiencia en el manejo endovascular para el tratamiento de la aorta torácica / Experience in endovascular management for thoracic aorta treatment  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Antecedentes: el tratamiento endovascular ofrece la posibilidad de cubrir el origen de la disección y evitar que progrese hasta aneurisma de la aorta, y con ello demuestra una reducción en la mortalidad hasta del 16%. Objetivo: evaluar los resultados quirúrgicos en términos de morbi-mortalidad de lo [...] s pacientes sometidos a manejo endovascular de las lesiones de la aorta torácica en la Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia desde 2003 hasta 2005. Diseño-método: estudio longitudinal tipo descriptivo retrospectivo, en el que se evaluaron las historias clínicas de todos los pacientes sometidos a manejo endovascular de patología toracoabdominal; en éste sólo se incluyeron los pacientes con procedimientos de la aorta torácica, desde 2003 hasta 2005. El análisis de los datos se realizó en Stata/SE 8,0. Resultados: se realizaron procedimientos de aorta torácica en 16 pacientes. El 75% de los pacientes eran hombres con edad promedio de 55,9 ± 12,6 años. El 87,5% (14 pacientes) presentaban disección aórtica tipo A o B; un paciente transección traumática de la aorta y un paciente aneurisma de aorta torácica descendente. Las disecciones agudas se presentaron en 78,6% (11 pacientes) y las crónicas en 21,4% (3 pacientes). El promedio de endoprótesis usadas fue de 2,8 ± 1. La estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos fue de 3 ± 2,7 días. El 81,3% de los pacientes no presentaron complicaciones mayores. La mortalidad fue del 18,7% (3 pacientes). A todos se les realizó control post-operatorio con tomografía axial computarizada, con evolución satisfactoria. Conclusión: de acuerdo con los reportes de la literatura con mayor casuística, se considera que el manejo endovascular para el tratamiento de la disección, aneurisma o trauma aórtico es un procedimiento confiable que disminuye la morbi-mortalidad. Abstract in english Antecedents: endovascular treatment has the possibility of covering the dissection origin and to avoid its progression to aortic aneurysm, showing a 16% mortality reduction. Objective: evaluate surgical results in terms of morbid-mortality in patients submitted to endovascular management of thoracic [...] aortic lesions in the Colombian Cardiovascular Foundation from 2003 to 2005. Design-Method: longitudinal descriptive retrospective study in which clinical histories of all patients submitted to endovascular treatment of thoracico-abdominal aortic lesions were evaluated. Only patients with thoracic aortic procedures between 2003 and 2005 were included. Data analysis was realized in Stata/SE 8,0. Results: thoracic aortic procedures were performed in 16 patients. 75% were male with mean age 55.9 ± 12.6 years. 87.5% (14) had type A or B aortic dissection; one patient had traumatic aortic transection and one had aneurysm of thoracic descendant aorta. Acute dissections were presented in 78.6% (11 patients) and chronic dissections in 21.4% (3 patients). Average of endoprosthesis employed was 2.8 ± 1. Intensive care unit stay was 3 ± 2.7 days. 81.3% had no mayor complications. Mortality was 18.7% (3 patients). All patients had post-operative computerized tomography scan, with satisfactory evolution. Conclusion: according to the largest casuistics literature reports, endovascular management of dissection, aneurysm or aortic trauma is considered a trustworthy procedure that diminishes morbid-mortality.

Juan G, Barrera; Ligia C, Mateus; Marisol, Carreño; Jorge E, Bayter; José F, Saaibi; Carlos S, Balestrini; Melquisedec, Gutiérrez; Jaime, Calderón; Víctor R, Castillo; Óscar F, Calvo; Jimmy G, Muñoz; Carlos, Santos; Jaime, Amarillo; Ómar F, Gomezese; Freddy, López; Camilo, Pizarro; Carlos A, Luengas; Ángel M, Chávez.

2007-12-01

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Experiencia en el manejo endovascular para el tratamiento de la aorta torácica Experience in endovascular management for thoracic aorta treatment  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Antecedentes: el tratamiento endovascular ofrece la posibilidad de cubrir el origen de la disección y evitar que progrese hasta aneurisma de la aorta, y con ello demuestra una reducción en la mortalidad hasta del 16%. Objetivo: evaluar los resultados quirúrgicos en términos de morbi-mortalidad de los pacientes sometidos a manejo endovascular de las lesiones de la aorta torácica en la Fundación Cardiovascular de Colombia desde 2003 hasta 2005. Diseño-método: estudio longitudinal tipo descriptivo retrospectivo, en el que se evaluaron las historias clínicas de todos los pacientes sometidos a manejo endovascular de patología toracoabdominal; en éste sólo se incluyeron los pacientes con procedimientos de la aorta torácica, desde 2003 hasta 2005. El análisis de los datos se realizó en Stata/SE 8,0. Resultados: se realizaron procedimientos de aorta torácica en 16 pacientes. El 75% de los pacientes eran hombres con edad promedio de 55,9 ± 12,6 años. El 87,5% (14 pacientes presentaban disección aórtica tipo A o B; un paciente transección traumática de la aorta y un paciente aneurisma de aorta torácica descendente. Las disecciones agudas se presentaron en 78,6% (11 pacientes y las crónicas en 21,4% (3 pacientes. El promedio de endoprótesis usadas fue de 2,8 ± 1. La estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos fue de 3 ± 2,7 días. El 81,3% de los pacientes no presentaron complicaciones mayores. La mortalidad fue del 18,7% (3 pacientes. A todos se les realizó control post-operatorio con tomografía axial computarizada, con evolución satisfactoria. Conclusión: de acuerdo con los reportes de la literatura con mayor casuística, se considera que el manejo endovascular para el tratamiento de la disección, aneurisma o trauma aórtico es un procedimiento confiable que disminuye la morbi-mortalidad.Antecedents: endovascular treatment has the possibility of covering the dissection origin and to avoid its progression to aortic aneurysm, showing a 16% mortality reduction. Objective: evaluate surgical results in terms of morbid-mortality in patients submitted to endovascular management of thoracic aortic lesions in the Colombian Cardiovascular Foundation from 2003 to 2005. Design-Method: longitudinal descriptive retrospective study in which clinical histories of all patients submitted to endovascular treatment of thoracico-abdominal aortic lesions were evaluated. Only patients with thoracic aortic procedures between 2003 and 2005 were included. Data analysis was realized in Stata/SE 8,0. Results: thoracic aortic procedures were performed in 16 patients. 75% were male with mean age 55.9 ± 12.6 years. 87.5% (14 had type A or B aortic dissection; one patient had traumatic aortic transection and one had aneurysm of thoracic descendant aorta. Acute dissections were presented in 78.6% (11 patients and chronic dissections in 21.4% (3 patients. Average of endoprosthesis employed was 2.8 ± 1. Intensive care unit stay was 3 ± 2.7 days. 81.3% had no mayor complications. Mortality was 18.7% (3 patients. All patients had post-operative computerized tomography scan, with satisfactory evolution. Conclusion: according to the largest casuistics literature reports, endovascular management of dissection, aneurysm or aortic trauma is considered a trustworthy procedure that diminishes morbid-mortality.

Juan G Barrera

2007-12-01

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Tratamiento endovascular del vasospasmo cerebral inducido por hemorragia subaracnoidea aneurismática Endovascular treatment of cerebral vasospasm due to aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

El vasospasmo cerebral es una de las principales causas de morbimortalidad en los pacientes con hemorragia subaracnoidea por rotura de un aneurisma cerebral. Cuando el vasospasmo se hace resistente al tratamiento médico máximo, el tratamiento endovascular es una opción terapéutica para incrementar el flujo sanguíneo cerebral y evitar lesiones isquémicas cerebrales. Los rápidos avances en técnicas endovasculares permiten utilizar la angioplastia transluminal percutánea y la infusión ...

Alca?zar, Pedro P.; Alejandro González; Antonio Romance

2008-01-01

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Endotension Distribution in Fluid-Structure Interaction Analysis of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Following Endovascular Repair  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Endovascular aneurysm repair is a new and minimally invasive repair for patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). However, endotension is one of the post-operative compliances of endo-vascular aneurysm repair in abdominal aortic aneurysm. Typically, endotension is mainly a result of pressure transmitted to the aneurysm sac through endovascular implanted graft (EVG) by intermediary of the stagnant blood filled aneurysm cavity. Focusing on a representative AAA with an EVG, a fluid-structur...

Zeinab Hooshyar; Hadi Fakhrabadi; Somayeh Hooshyar; Alireza Mehdizadeh

2014-01-01

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Aneurisma roto de aorta torácica descendente: tratamiento endovascular Endovascular treatment of a ruptured thoracic aorta aneurysm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In 1991, a technique to exclude aortic aneurysms from circulation inserting an endoluminal graft through the femoral artery, was described. This procedure, usually used for elective abdominal aneurysms, can also be used in the thoracic aorta. We report a 41 years old male with a Marfan syndrome, presenting with a descending aorta aneurysm that ruptured to the mediastinum and pleural cavity. He was compensated hemodynamically and an endovascular stent-graft was deployed at the ruptured zone, through the femoral artery. The postoperative evolution of the patient was uneventful. This technique will allow a less invasive treatment of ruptured aortic aneurysms (Rev Méd Chile 2001; 129: 1439-43

Renato Mertens M

2001-12-01

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Emergency Endovascular Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Feasibility and Results  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose. To assess the feasibility and effectiveness of emergency endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). Methods. During 36 months we treated, on an emergency basis, 30 AAAs with endovascular exclusion. In 21 hemodynamically stable patients preoperative CT angiography (CTA) was performed to confirm the diagnosis and to plan the treatment; 9 patients with hemorrhagic shock were evaluated with angiography performed in the operating room. Twenty-two Excluder (Gore) and 8 Zenith (Cook) stent-grafts (25 bifurcated and 5 aorto-uni-iliac) were used. The follow-up was performed by CTA at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. Results. Technical success was achieved in 100% of cases with a 10% mortality rate. The total complication rate was 23% (5 increases in serum creatinine level and 2 wound infections). During the follow-up, performed in 27 patients (1-36 months, mean 15.2 months), 4 secondary endoleaks (15%) (3 type II, 2 spontaneously thrombosed and 1 under observation, and 1 type III treated by iliac extender insertion) and 1 iliac leg occlusion (treated with femoro-femoral bypass) occurred. We observed a shrinkage of the aneurysmal sac in 8 of 27 cases and stability in 19 of 27 cases; we did not observe any endotension. Conclusions. Endovascular repair is a good option for emergency treatment of AAAs. The team's experience allows correct planning of the procedure in emergency situations also, with technical results comparable with elective repair. In our experierable with elective repair. In our experience the bifurcated stent-graft is the device of choice in patients with suitable anatomy because the procedure is less time-consuming than aorto-uni-iliac stent-grafting with surgical crossover, allowing faster aneurysm exclusion. However, further studies are required to demonstrate the long-term efficacy of endovascular repair compared with surgical treatment

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The treatment of giant abdominal aorta aneurysm with endovascular stent-graf  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available The usage of endovascular stent-graft in the treatment of abdominal aorta aneurysm has been increasing in the abdominal surgery. This paper presents the case of a patient with right iliac artery aneurysm who was treated with the application of endovascular stent-graft. J Clin Exp Invest 2012; 3 (3: 423-425Key words: Abdominal Aorta Aneurysm, EVAR, Stentgraft

?eref Ulucan

2012-09-01

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Tratamiento endovascular de transecciones agudas de la aorta descendente Endovascular treatment of acute traumatic aortic rupture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Los accidentes por desaceleración súbita se asocian a transección de la aorta torácica, falleciendo 85-90% de ellos en el sitio del suceso. Los que sobreviven presentan habitualmente politraumatismo asociado grave, teniendo la reparación quirúrgica convencional de la aorta una alta morbimortalidad. La reparación endovascular es una alternativa menos invasiva y de menor morbi-mortalidad. Objetivo: Analizar los resultados de la reparación endovascular de transecciones agudas de la aorta torácica. Pacientes y Métodos: Se revisan los antecedentes de los pacientes tratados entre agosto de 2002 y marzo de 2010. Resultados: Tratamos 16 pacientes (14 hombres, 42,7 ± 15,8 años, extremos 24-74 con transección traumática aguda de aorta torácica descendente. Quince presentaban lesiones asociadas: traumatismo encéfalo-craneano (7, fractura de huesos largos (9, laceración esplénica (4, hepática (1, renal (3. La causa del accidente fue vehicular en 13 casos y caída de altura en 3. El diagnóstico fue realizado mediante tomograña axial computada al ingreso y luego angiograña en la sala de operaciones. El tratamiento consistió en la cobertura de la zona de transección mediante el implante de una endoprótesis, siendo necesario cubrir la arteria subclavia izquierda en 11 casos, sin requerir revascularización de la extremidad. El éxito técnico fue 100%, no hubo mortalidad relacionada al procedimiento. No hubo paraplejia. Un paciente de 60 años fallece al 5to día por lesiones asociadas graves. En el seguimiento alejado a 30,8 meses (1-80 no ha habido complicaciones ni reintervenciones. Conclusión: La cirugía endovascular es una alternativa eficaz y con baja morbimortalidad para el tratamiento de transecciones de la aorta torácica.Background: Traumatic rupture of the thoracic aorta as a result from high-speed deceleration injury is associated with a mortality rate of 80% to 90% at the scene of the accident. Survivors usually have life-threatening injuries to other organ systems. Standard open repair is associated with a high penoperative morbidity and mortality. Endografting offers a less invasive alternative to open surgical repair. Aim: To evaluate results of endovascular management of acute traumatic descending thoracic aortic ruptures. Methods: Between August 2002 and March 2010, patients treated for this trauma were reviewed. Results: 16 patients (fourteen males mean age 42.7 ± 15.8 years, range 24-74 underwent endovascular treatment of an acute aortic rupture. Associated traumas in fifteen patients were: severe brain (7, spleen (4, liver (1, kidney (3 and large bone (9 injuries. Motor vehicle accidents caused 13 of the injuries and fall from height 3. Rupture was diagnosed with admission CT sean and confirmed by intraoperative angiogram. Patients were treated with thoracic aortic endograft, in 11 cases the left subclavian artery was covered with no need for further revascularization. Technical success was 100%, no procedure-related mortality or paraplegia was observed. One patient died 5 days after the procedure due to severe associated injuries. During a mean follow-up of 30.8 months (range 1-80, no deaths, complications or need for further interventions presented. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment of acute traumatic aortic isthmic rupture is encouraging and compares favorably to open surgical approach with low morbidity and mortality rates.

LEOPOLDO MARINÉ M

2011-02-01

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: indications and results.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is an attractive alternative to open surgical approach in treating abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). In Nuerenberg in our 14-year experience of 1502 cases (ending December 2007) we used 13 different endografts. The median follow-up was 41 months (1.0-98) and the AAA had a mean diameter of 52.4 mm. Five-hundred and nineteen cases were done using Powerlink grafts. The 30 day mortality was 1.7%. The total reintervention rate was 5.3%, while no distal migration, conversion or post EVAR rupture occurred. At the Army's Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Bucharest, between July 2008 and December 2009, 15 patients underwent EVAR for AAA. We used the following types of endografts: one Anaconda, three Medtronic Talent, seven Endologix Powerlink and four EVITA Jotec. The mean hospitalization time was three days. Follow-up was done by CT-scan at one, three, six, and 12 months. No endoleaks or infection were seen in the short and medium term follow-up. EVAR is an appropriate treatment for selected patients, especially those at high risk for open surgical repair. The future of EVAR as the potential gold standard for aortic aneurysm therapy rests upon the vision and creativity of both surgeons and technology innovators to realize the potential of endovascular interventions. PMID:21417845

Droc, Ionel; Raithel, Dieter; Calinescu, Francisca B

2011-04-01

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Endovascular model of abdominal aortic aneurysm induction in swine.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abdominal aortic aneurysms are among the main causes of death. The high morbidity and mortality associated with aneurysm rupture and repair represents a challenge for surgeons and high risk for patients. Although experimental models are useful to understand, train, and develop new treatment and diagnostic methods for this pathology, animal models developed to date are far from ideal. Animals are either too small and do not represent the pathology of humans, or the procedures employ laparotomy, or the aortic behavior does not resemble that of a true aneurysm. We developed a novel, less invasive and effective method to induce true aortic aneurysms in Large White pigs. Animals were submitted to an endovascular chemical induction using either calcium chloride (25%) or swine pancreatic elastase. Controls were exposed to saline solution. All animals were operated on using the same surgical technique under general anesthesia. They were followed weekly with ultrasound examinations and at 4 weeks the aorta was harvested. Although elastase induced only arterial dilation, imaging, histological, and biomechanical studies of the aorta revealed the formation of true aneurysms in animals exposed to calcium chloride. Aneurysms in the latter group had biomechanical failure properties similar to those of human aneurysms. These findings indicate that the endovascular approach is viable and does not cause retroperitoneal fibrosis. PMID:24879711

Lederman, Alex; Saliture Neto, Fernando Tavares; Ferreira, Rimarcs; de Figueiredo, Luis Francisco Poli; Otoch, Jose Pinhata; Aun, Ricardo; da Silva, Erasmo Simão

2014-05-30

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Thrombus Volume Change Visualization after Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair  

Science.gov (United States)

A surgical technique currently used in the treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA) is the Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR). This minimally invasive procedure involves inserting a prosthesis in the aortic vessel that excludes the aneurysm from the bloodstream. The stent, once in place acts as a false lumen for the blood current to travel down, and not into the surrounding aneurysm sac. This procedure, therefore, immediately takes the pressure off the aneurysm, which thromboses itself after some time. Nevertheless, in a long term perspective, different complications such as prosthesis displacement or bloodstream leaks into or from the aneurysmatic bulge (endoleaks) could appear causing a pressure elevation and, as a result, increasing the danger of rupture. The purpose of this work is to explore the application of image registration techniques to the visual detection of changes in the thrombus in order to assess the evolution of the aneurysm. Prior to registration, both the lumen and the thrombus are segmented

Maiora, Josu; García, Guillermo; Macía, Iván; Legarreta, Jon Haitz; Boto, Fernando; Paloc, Céline; Graña, Manuel; Abuín, Javier Sanchez

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Tratamiento endovascular del vasospasmo cerebral inducido por hemorragia subaracnoidea aneurismática / Endovascular treatment of cerebral vasospasm due to aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El vasospasmo cerebral es una de las principales causas de morbimortalidad en los pacientes con hemorragia subaracnoidea por rotura de un aneurisma cerebral. Cuando el vasospasmo se hace resistente al tratamiento médico máximo, el tratamiento endovascular es una opción terapéutica para incrementar e [...] l flujo sanguíneo cerebral y evitar lesiones isquémicas cerebrales. Los rápidos avances en técnicas endovasculares permiten utilizar la angioplastia transluminal percutánea y la infusión intraarterial de diversos fármacos vasodilatadores para revertir el vasospasmo. En este artículo se revisan las diferentes técnicas endovasculares disponibles y se describen sus mecanismos de acción, técnicas de administración, resultados clínicos y complicaciones. Abstract in english Cerebral vasospasm remains a leading cause of death and disability in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. When vasospasm becomes refractory to maximal medical treatment, endovascular therapies may be considered as an option to increase cerebral blood flow to prevent cerebral infarction [...] . Endovascular techniques include transluminal balloon angioplasty and intra-arterial infusion of vasorelaxants. This article reviews the various endovascular techniques for the treatment of cerebral vasospasm and discusses the mechanisms of action, techniques of administration, clinical results, and limitations of these treatment strategies.

Pedro P., Alcázar; Alejandro, González; Antonio, Romance.

2008-11-01

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Tratamiento endovascular del vasospasmo cerebral inducido por hemorragia subaracnoidea aneurismática Endovascular treatment of cerebral vasospasm due to aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage  

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Full Text Available El vasospasmo cerebral es una de las principales causas de morbimortalidad en los pacientes con hemorragia subaracnoidea por rotura de un aneurisma cerebral. Cuando el vasospasmo se hace resistente al tratamiento médico máximo, el tratamiento endovascular es una opción terapéutica para incrementar el flujo sanguíneo cerebral y evitar lesiones isquémicas cerebrales. Los rápidos avances en técnicas endovasculares permiten utilizar la angioplastia transluminal percutánea y la infusión intraarterial de diversos fármacos vasodilatadores para revertir el vasospasmo. En este artículo se revisan las diferentes técnicas endovasculares disponibles y se describen sus mecanismos de acción, técnicas de administración, resultados clínicos y complicaciones.Cerebral vasospasm remains a leading cause of death and disability in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. When vasospasm becomes refractory to maximal medical treatment, endovascular therapies may be considered as an option to increase cerebral blood flow to prevent cerebral infarction. Endovascular techniques include transluminal balloon angioplasty and intra-arterial infusion of vasorelaxants. This article reviews the various endovascular techniques for the treatment of cerebral vasospasm and discusses the mechanisms of action, techniques of administration, clinical results, and limitations of these treatment strategies.

Pedro P. Alcázar

2008-11-01

 
 
 
 
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Tratamiento endovascular del trauma vascular periférico Endovascular treatment of peripheral vascular trauma  

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Full Text Available El trauma vascular representa un problema de salud pública a nivel nacional e internacional. La epidemia de violencia con mayor uso de armas de alta y baja velocidad en los conflictos militares y a nivel civil urbano, las velocidades más altas en las carreteras y los accidentes laborales, han aumentado la incidencia del trauma vascular. La aparición de procedimientos y tecnologías endovasculares ha ofrecido nuevas alternativas en casos complejos de trauma vascular, como accesos vasculares difíciles, complicaciones tardías y pacientes con enfermedades concomitantes. En este artículo se presenta la experiencia, desde enero de 2010 hasta enero de 2012, con siete pacientes que recibieron tratamiento endovascular y tuvieron seguimiento a seis meses. En 6 (86 % pacientes fue posible la implantación de endoprótesis (stent y en uno fue necesario crear un émbolo en la arteria ilio-lumbar mediante espirales de acero (coils. El tiempo promedio de duración del procedimiento quirúrgico fue de 60,7 minutos, con un rango de 40 a 90 minutos. En todos los casos se comprobó éxito angiográfico y permeabilidad del vaso lesionado.Vascular trauma constitutes a public health problem both nationally and internationally. The epidemy of violence with greater use of high and low velocity weapons in the military conflicts as well as at the civil urban level, have increased the incidence of vascular trauma. The advent of endovascular procedures and technologies offer new alternative approaches in complex vascular trauma, such as those with difficult vascular access, late complications and patients with concomitant complications. Hereby we present our experience with seven patients that were submitted to endovascular treatment in the period January 2010 to January 2012, with six months follow-up. In six patients (86% it was possible to implant a stent, and in one it became necessary to create an embolus in the ilio-lumbar artery by means of a steel spiral coil. Mean operating time was 60.7 minutes, with a rank of 40 to 90 minutes. Successful result was demonstrated in all cases by angiography and permeability of the affected vessel.

César Eduardo Jiménez

2012-12-01

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Modification of an endovascular stent graft for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

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Endovascular surgery is currently used to treat abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). A stent graft is deployed to exclude blood flow from the aneurysm sac. It is an effective procedure used in preventing aneurysm rupture, with reduced patient morbidity and mortality compared to open surgical repair. Migration and leakage around the device ("endoleak") due to poor sealing of the stent graft to the aorta have raised concerns about the long-term durability of endovascular repair. A preliminary study of cell migration and proliferation is presented as a prelude to a more extensive in vivo testing. A method to enhance the biological seal between the stent graft and the aorta is proposed to eliminate this problem. This can be achieved by impregnating the stent graft with 50/50 poly (DL-lactide co glycolic acid) (PLGA) and growth factors such as basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) or connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), at the proximal and distal ends. It is hypothesized that as PLGA degrades it will release the growth factors that will promote proliferation and migration of aortic smooth muscle cells to the coated site, leading to a natural seal between the aorta and the stent graft. In addition, growth factor release should promote smooth muscle cell (SMC) contraction that will help keep the stent graft in place at the proximal and distal ends. It is shown that a statistically significant effect of increased cell proliferation and migration is observed for CTGF release. Less of an effect is noted for bFGF or just the PLGA. The effect is estimated to be large enough to be clinically significant in a future animal study. The long term goal of this study is to reduce migration encounter after graft deployment and to reduce secondary interventions of EVAR especially for older patients who are unfit for open surgical treatment.

Moloye, Olajompo Busola

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Tratamiento endovascular del trauma vascular periférico / Endovascular treatment of peripheral vascular trauma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El trauma vascular representa un problema de salud pública a nivel nacional e internacional. La epidemia de violencia con mayor uso de armas de alta y baja velocidad en los conflictos militares y a nivel civil urbano, las velocidades más altas en las carreteras y los accidentes laborales, han aument [...] ado la incidencia del trauma vascular. La aparición de procedimientos y tecnologías endovasculares ha ofrecido nuevas alternativas en casos complejos de trauma vascular, como accesos vasculares difíciles, complicaciones tardías y pacientes con enfermedades concomitantes. En este artículo se presenta la experiencia, desde enero de 2010 hasta enero de 2012, con siete pacientes que recibieron tratamiento endovascular y tuvieron seguimiento a seis meses. En 6 (86 %) pacientes fue posible la implantación de endoprótesis (stent) y en uno fue necesario crear un émbolo en la arteria ilio-lumbar mediante espirales de acero (coils). El tiempo promedio de duración del procedimiento quirúrgico fue de 60,7 minutos, con un rango de 40 a 90 minutos. En todos los casos se comprobó éxito angiográfico y permeabilidad del vaso lesionado. Abstract in english Vascular trauma constitutes a public health problem both nationally and internationally. The epidemy of violence with greater use of high and low velocity weapons in the military conflicts as well as at the civil urban level, have increased the incidence of vascular trauma. The advent of endovascula [...] r procedures and technologies offer new alternative approaches in complex vascular trauma, such as those with difficult vascular access, late complications and patients with concomitant complications. Hereby we present our experience with seven patients that were submitted to endovascular treatment in the period January 2010 to January 2012, with six months follow-up. In six patients (86%) it was possible to implant a stent, and in one it became necessary to create an embolus in the ilio-lumbar artery by means of a steel spiral coil. Mean operating time was 60.7 minutes, with a rank of 40 to 90 minutes. Successful result was demonstrated in all cases by angiography and permeability of the affected vessel.

César Eduardo, Jiménez; Diego, Peña.

2012-12-01

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Endovascular Exclusion of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Patients with Concomitant Abdominal Malignancy: Early Experience  

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To assess the outcomes of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) for the treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in patients undergoing curative surgical treatment for concomitant abdominal malignancy. The study included 12 patients with abdominal neoplasia and an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), which was treated by surgery and stent EVAR. The neoplasm consisted of the gastric, colorectal, pancreas, prostate, and gall bladder. The follow up period was 3-21 months (mean 11.8 months). All medical records and imaging analyses were reviewed by CTA and/or color Doppler US, retrospectively. Successful endoluminal repair was accomplished in all twelve patients. The mean interval time between EVAR and surgery was 58.6 days. Small amounts of type 2 endoleaks were detected in two patients (17%). One patient developed adult respiratory distress syndrome after Whipple's operation 20 days after surgery, which led to hopeless discharge. No procedure-related mortality, morbidity, or graft-related infection was noted. Exclusion of AAA in patients with accompanying malignancy show with a relatively low procedure morbidity and mortality. Hence, endoluminal AAA repair in patients with synchronous neoplasia may allow greater flexibility in the management of an offending malignancy

Choi, You Ri; Chang, Nam Kyu [Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Hyo Hyun; Oh, Hyun Jun; Kim, Jae Kyu; Choi, Soo Jin Na; Chung, Sang Young [Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Yim, Nam Yeol [Armed Forces Yangju Hospital, Yangju (Korea, Republic of)

2010-08-15

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Tratamiento "híbrido" del aneurisma tóraco-abdominal: revascularización visceral extraanatómica e inserción de endoprótesis / Extra anatomical revascularization and endovascular stent-grafting for thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair: Report of four cases  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Surgical treatment of thoracoabdominal aneurysms is a big technical challenge with a high rate of complications and mortality. It requires a large exposure and transient interruption of vital organ perfusion during its repair. Endovascular repair is a less invasive alternative available over the las [...] t decade. We report four male patients aged 44 to 76 years, with thoracic aortic aneurysms and involvement of visceral aorta, treated with a two stage procedure. During the first stage, a retrograde revascularization of the superior mesenteric and renal arteries from the infrarenal aorta was done, associated in two cases to a concomitant repair of an infrarenal aortic aneurysm. In the second stage, an endovascular graft was placed through the femoral artery, from the segment proximal to the aneurysm to the infrarenal aorta, above the origin of the visceral artery reconstructions, excluding the aneurysm from circulation. In one patient, both stages were concomitant and in three the second stage was delayed. One patient presented a postoperative bleeding that required reintervention without adverse consequences. No patient died, presented paraplegia or deterioration of renal function. After follow up of 6 to 20 months, there is no evidence of aneurysm growth or complications derived from the procedure

Renato, Mertens M; Francisco, Valdés E; Albrecht, Krämer Sch; Leopoldo, Mariné M; Michel, Bergoeing R; Rodrigo, Sagües C; Alvaro, Huete G; Jeannette, Vergara G; Magaly, Valdebenito G.

2007-02-01

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Tratamiento "híbrido" del aneurisma tóraco-abdominal: revascularización visceral extraanatómica e inserción de endoprótesis Extra anatomical revascularization and endovascular stent-grafting for thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair: Report of four cases  

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Full Text Available Surgical treatment of thoracoabdominal aneurysms is a big technical challenge with a high rate of complications and mortality. It requires a large exposure and transient interruption of vital organ perfusion during its repair. Endovascular repair is a less invasive alternative available over the last decade. We report four male patients aged 44 to 76 years, with thoracic aortic aneurysms and involvement of visceral aorta, treated with a two stage procedure. During the first stage, a retrograde revascularization of the superior mesenteric and renal arteries from the infrarenal aorta was done, associated in two cases to a concomitant repair of an infrarenal aortic aneurysm. In the second stage, an endovascular graft was placed through the femoral artery, from the segment proximal to the aneurysm to the infrarenal aorta, above the origin of the visceral artery reconstructions, excluding the aneurysm from circulation. In one patient, both stages were concomitant and in three the second stage was delayed. One patient presented a postoperative bleeding that required reintervention without adverse consequences. No patient died, presented paraplegia or deterioration of renal function. After follow up of 6 to 20 months, there is no evidence of aneurysm growth or complications derived from the procedure

Renato Mertens M

2007-02-01

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Endovascular Exclusion of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Initial Experience with Stent-Grafts in Cardiology Practice  

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The use of an endovascular stent-graft prosthesis for the treatment of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms is receiving increasing attention as an option that may avoid the significant morbidity and mortality associated with open surgical treatment. We studied the clinical effectiveness of stent-grafts in patients with infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms.

Howell, Marcus H.; Zaqqa, Munir; Villareal, Rollo P.; Strickman, Neil E.; Krajcer, Zvonimir

2000-01-01

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Rupture after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: a multicenter study.  

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A total of 22 patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAAs) after previous endovascular aortic repair (EVAR; rAAAevar) were presented to 7 referral hospitals in Greece, between January 2006 and April 2012. Type Ia endoleak and endograft migration were identified in 72.7% and 50%, respectively. Compliance to follow-up protocol prior to rupture was 31.8%. In-hospital mortality was 36.4% (9.1% for those treated with secondary EVAR and 63.6% for those treated with open surgical repair, P = .02). An increase in the proportion of patients with rAAAevar among the total number of patients with rAAAs from 1.3% in 2007 to 18.2% in 2012 (P for trend = .04) was recorded, corresponding to an annual increase of 2.8% (b = 2.84, P = .04). Rupture after EVAR seemed to be a clinical entity encountered with increasing frequency over the past years. Type I endoleak and endograft migration were most frequently observed, whereas compliance to follow-up was low. PMID:25480667

Antonopoulos, Constantine N; Kakisis, John D; Giannakopoulos, Triantafillos G; Andrikopoulos, Vasilios; Antoniadis, Pavlos; Bessias, Nikolaos; Dervisis, Konstantinos; Georgopoulos, Sotirios; Giannoukas, Athanasios; Kaperonis, Elias; Kiskinis, Dimitrios; Klonaris, Christos; Machairas, Anastasios; Papavassiliou, Vasilios; Saleptsis, Vasilios; Saratzis, Nikolaos; Seretis, Konstantinos; Tampakis, Charalambos; Liapis, Christos D

2014-10-01

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Intraoperative Sac Pressure Measurement During Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

PurposeIntraoperative sac pressure was measured during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) to evaluate the clinical significance of sac pressure measurement.MethodsA microcatheter was placed in an aneurysm sac from the contralateral femoral artery, and sac pressure was measured during EVAR procedures in 47 patients. Aortic blood pressure was measured as a control by a catheter from the left brachial artery.ResultsThe systolic sac pressure index (SPI) was 0.87 ± 0.10 after main-body deployment, 0.63 ± 0.12 after leg deployment (P < 0.01), and 0.56 ± 0.12 after completion of the procedure (P < 0.01). Pulse pressure was 55 ± 21 mmHg, 23 ± 15 mmHg (P < 0.01), and 16 ± 12 mmHg (P < 0.01), respectively. SPI showed no significant differences between the Zenith and Excluder stent grafts (0.56 ± 0.13 vs. 0.54 ± 0.10, NS). Type I endoleak was found in seven patients (15%), and the SPI decreased from 0.62 ± 0.10 to 0.55 ± 0.10 (P = 0.10) after fixing procedures. Type II endoleak was found in 12 patients (26%) by completion angiography. The SPI showed no difference between type II endoleak positive and negative (0.58 ± 0.12 vs. 0.55 ± 0.12, NS). There were no significant differences between the final SPI of abdominal aortic aneurysms in which the diameter decreased in the follow-up and that of abdominal aortic aneurysms in which the diameter did not change (0.53 ± 0.12 vs. 0.57 ± 0.12, NS).ConclusionsSac pressure measurement was useful for instant hent was useful for instant hemodynamic evaluation of the EVAR procedure, especially in type I endoleaks. However, on the basis of this small study, the SPI cannot be used to reliably predict sac growth or regression.

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Vascular ultrasonography for follow-up of endovascular repair of abdominal aorta aneurysms / Ultrassonografia vascular no seguimento da correção endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Contexto As informações sobre o seguimento de pacientes submetidos à correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal com ultrassonografia vascular no Brasil são escassas, bem como sua comparação com os resultados obtidos com a angiotomografia. Na medida em que a ultrassonografia é um exame se [...] m riscos, de baixo custo e de grande disponibilidade, esta se torna um método bastante atraente. Na presente pesquisa, procuramos avaliar a sensibilidade e a especificidade da ultrassonografia vascular (USV) no acompanhamento desses pacientes, comparando este método com a angiotomografia. Materiais e métodos Realizamos estudo prospectivo durante o período de junho de 2012 a maio de 2013. Para tanto, examinamos pacientes acompanhados pelo Ambulatório de Cirurgia Endovascular do Hospital Universitário de Londrina pós-correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal. Todos os pacientes haviam sido submetidos à angiotomografia para acompanhamento e foram também avaliados através da radiografia abdominal (raio x simples) e da ultrassonografia vascular. Resultados Foram analisados 30 pacientes, com média de idade de 73 anos, com diâmetro médio do aneurisma de 6 cm, detectando-se quatro vazamentos endovasculares. Na avaliação desses vazamentos endovasculares, a ultrassonografia vascular obteve uma sensibilidade de 75% e uma especificidade de 96%, em relação à angiotomografia. Conclusão A ultrassonografia vascular é um excelente método primário na avaliação e no acompanhamento pós-cirúrgico de pacientes submetidos à correção endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal (AAA). No entanto, em caso de alteração ultrassonográfica ou dificuldade na realização do exame, uma investigação mais específica deve ser realizada para confirmação diagnóstica. Abstract in english Background There is little information available on follow-up of abdominal aortic aneurysm patients treated with endovascular repair using vascular ultrasonography in Brazil or on how it compares with the results of angiotomography. Since ultrasonography is an examination that is risk-free, inexpen [...] sive and widely available, it is a very attractive method. In this study we attempted to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of vascular ultrasonography for follow-up of these patients by comparing the method with angiotomography. Materials and methods We conducted a prospective study from June 2012 to May 2013. We examined patients followed-up at the endovascular surgery clinic run by the University Hospital of Londrina after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. All patients underwent angiotomography for follow-up and were also examined using simple abdominal X-rays and vascular ultrasonography. Results A total of 30 patients were analyzed, with a mean age of 73 years and a mean aneurysm diameter of 6 cm. Four endoleaks were detected. Vascular ultrasonography achieved sensitivity of 75% and specificity of 96% for classification of these endoleaks, in comparison with angiotomography. Conclusions Vascular ultrasonography is an excellent primary method for evaluation and post-surgical follow-up of patients treated with endovascular repair of abdominal aorta aneurysms. However, when ultrasonography detects problems or is difficult to accomplish, it should be supplemented with a more specific investigation for diagnostic confirmation.

Domingos, Moraes Filho; Fernando Barbosa, Trevisan; José Manoel da Silva, Silvestre; Wander Eduardo, Sardinha; Eduardo Durante, Ramires; Silfayner Victor Mathias, Dias; Henrique, Matsuda.

2014-09-01

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Endovascular Treatment versus Open Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: The Influence of Fitness in Decision Making  

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Two methods of repair are currently available for an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), open aneurysm repair and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). The decision making depends on the balance of risks and benefits. The treating physician must take into account the patient's life expectancy, the patient's fitness, the anatomic suitability that makes endovascular repair possible, and finally the patient's preference. The patient's fitness is an important variable predicting the outcome of AAA su...

Moulakakis, Konstnatinos G.; Dalainas, Ilias; Kakisis, John; Mylonas, Spyridon; Liapis, Christos D.

2013-01-01

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Successful laparoscopic repair of refractory type Ia endoleak after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

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Type I endoleaks associated with sac enlargement after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair mandate urgent intervention. Endoluminal treatments are generally considered first, but when these fail, open surgery has been advocated as a last resort. Open surgery is associated with significant mortality and morbidity, and thus, approaches that reduce this risk would be of interest. We report a successful case of laparoscopic treatment of a refractory type Ia endoleak after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in an 83-year-old man. PMID:25307131

Howard, Adam Q; Sinha, Sidhartha; Edwards, Anthony; Ahmad, Ijaz; Backhouse, Christopher M; Davies, Jonathan

2015-01-01

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Tratamiento endovascular del trauma de aorta descendente Endovascular treatment of descending aorta trauma  

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Full Text Available Background: Mortality of traumatic aortic lesions is over 80%. A group of those who survive, develop a chronic pseudo aneurism, usually asymptomatic, that is detected during imaging studies. Since conventional surgical treatment of traumatic aortic lesions has a great mortality, endovascular treatment has been used as an alternative treatment in the last decade. Aim: To report our experience with endovascular treatment of traumatic aortic lesions. Patients and methods: Report of seven patients aged 22 to 65 years, with traumatic aortic lesions. Under general anesthesia an endovascular prosthesis was inserted through the femoral artery. Results: No complications were observed in the postoperative period, and after a follow up ranging from 4 to 40 months, no endoleaks or other complications have been detected. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of traumatic aortic lesions has good immediate and midterm results

Renato Mertens M

2005-04-01

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Tratamiento endovascular del trauma de aorta descendente / Endovascular treatment of descending aorta trauma  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: Mortality of traumatic aortic lesions is over 80%. A group of those who survive, develop a chronic pseudo aneurism, usually asymptomatic, that is detected during imaging studies. Since conventional surgical treatment of traumatic aortic lesions has a great mortality, endovascular treatme [...] nt has been used as an alternative treatment in the last decade. Aim: To report our experience with endovascular treatment of traumatic aortic lesions. Patients and methods: Report of seven patients aged 22 to 65 years, with traumatic aortic lesions. Under general anesthesia an endovascular prosthesis was inserted through the femoral artery. Results: No complications were observed in the postoperative period, and after a follow up ranging from 4 to 40 months, no endoleaks or other complications have been detected. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of traumatic aortic lesions has good immediate and midterm results

Renato, Mertens M; Francisco, Valdés E; Albrecht, Krämer Sch; Michel, Bergoeing R; Ricardo, Zalaquett S; Cristián, Baeza P; Sergio, Morán V; Manuel, Irarrázaval L; Pedro, Becker R; Alvaro, Huete G; Jeannette, Vergara G; Magaly, Valdebenito G.

2005-04-01

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Debate: whether young, good-risk patients should be treated with endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

As endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair has become increasingly prominent in our vascular surgery practices, the discussion regarding long-term durability continues. The initial randomized trials that enrolled patients almost 10 years ago revealed a short-term survival advantage with endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair at the expense of a higher reintervention rate and loss of that initial survival advantage in the longer term. Continuing and healthy debate over the practical importance of these findings has resulted in somewhat differing practice patterns on either side of the Atlantic. This debate explores the issues surrounding whether younger, good-risk patients with a long life expectancy should be treated with endovascular repair. PMID:24280332

Vallabhaneni, Raghuveer; Farber, Mark A; Schneider, Fabrice; Ricco, Jean-Baptiste

2013-12-01

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Reparación endovascular de aneurismas de aorta abdominal (parte I: Epidemiología indicaciones y limitaciones Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (Part I: Epidemiology, indications, and limitations  

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Full Text Available Los aneurismas de la aorta abdominal son una patología frecuente, con alta afinidad hacia la ruptura y muerte. La reparación endovascular es una alternativa al reparo convencional en pacientes de alto riesgo, y el desarrollo tecnológico y el perfeccionamiento de las endoprótesis va a permitir su aplicación en pacientes de buen riesgo para reparo convencional con cirugía abierta. En este artículo se dan las pautas básicas que deben conocer los especialistas en enfermedades cardiovasculares acerca de la epidemiología, indicaciones y limitaciones del reparo endoluminal de los aneurismas de la aorta abdominal.Abdominal aortic aneurysms constitute a frequent pathology, with high propensity to rupture and death; endovascular repair is an alternative to conventional repair in high-risk patients. The technological development and betterment of endoprosthesis will allow the application of this method in patients considered to be of good risk for conventional open repair. This article presents the basic knowledge that should possess the specialists in cardiovascular diseases in regard to epidemiology and indications and limitations of the endoluminal repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms.

Roberto Carlos Fominaya Pardo

2007-06-01

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Perioperative nursing for patients receiving endovascular therapy for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To discuss the nursing strategy and practical measures for patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm during the perioperative period of endovascular intervention. Methods: Endovascular therapy was carried out in 34 patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm,who were encountered in our department during the period of July 1997 to September 2008. The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed and the nursing points were summarized. Results: The average hospitalization days of the 34 patients were (14 ± 5) days, the mortality rate within 30 days was 23.5% (8/34). No nursing-related complications occurred. Conclusion: A comprehensive understanding of the mechanism, development and clinical evolution of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm is very important for nursing care. For nursing staff, well mastering the relevant nursing technique, carefully guarding against any nursing errors and lessening patient's suffering as far as possible, all these are the task of primary importance. (authors)

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Endotension - a cause of failure in endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The phenomenon of aortic aneurysm enlargement after endovascular repair without detectable endoleak is called 'endotension'. It is caused by persistent pressurization within the excluded aneurysm sac and may cause subsequent rupture of the aneurysm. We undertake a review of current knowledge about causes, significance and treatment of endotension as a failure in endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. The goal of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is to prevent aneurysm ruptures by excluding the aneurysms from the aortic circulation. AAA (Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm) after EVAR (Endovascular Aneurysm Repair) can enlarge even in the absence of detectable endoleak because of persistent pressurization within the excluded aneurysm. There are many theories about the mechanism of pressure transmission into the excluded aneurismal sac. Some laboratory and clinical research shows that endotension can be connected with attachment side failure, graft fabrics or aneurysm sac geometry. Pressure transmission by the thrombus, poor outflow, osmotic effect or ultrafiltration are the other possible mechanisms causing this phenomenon. Maximal diameter measurement by CT is considered to be the best management method in patients after EVAR. However, lack of aneurysm sac shrinkage observed in some cases does not mean the presence of endotension. The role of pulsatility inside the excluded aneurysm sac remains unclear. Several possible concepts of endotension treatment have been discts of endotension treatment have been discussed, including both open surgical convention and nonoperative approach. The absence of endoleak after endovascular repair not always means that there is no pressurization within the aneurysm. Success of endovascular repair can be evaluated indirectly by observation of changes in the diameter of the aneurysm sac after EVAR. Thus, it is essential to follow up patients after endovascular repair in order to detect any late complications including endotension

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Tratamento endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal em paciente com rim em ferradura: relato de caso Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm in patient with horseshoe kidney: a case report  

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Full Text Available O rim em ferradura é uma das anomalias urológicas congênitas mais comuns e está presente em cerca de 0,12% dos pacientes com aneurisma de aorta abdominal. O reparo cirúrgico convencional está associado a dificuldades técnicas que provavelmente aumentam a morbidade e a mortalidade, mas que podem ser evitadas com o tratamento endovascular. Relatamos um caso de um paciente de 64 anos com rim em ferradura e aneurisma de aorta abdominal, que foi submetido ao reparo endovascular do aneurisma com sucesso.The horseshoe kidney is one of the most common urologic anomalies and is present in about 0,12% of the patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm. The conventional surgical repair is associated with technical difficulties that probably increase morbidity and mortality, but can be averted by the endovascular treatment. We report a case of a 64-year-old patient with horseshoe kidney and abdominal aortic aneurysm, who underwent endovascular repair with success.

José Manoel da Silva Silvestre

2013-03-01

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Correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal em paciente com rim em ferradura: relato de caso Endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in patient with horseshoe kidney: a case report  

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Full Text Available O rim em ferradura é uma anomalia congênita rara que pode causar várias dificuldades técnicas durante a correção convencional de aneurisma de aorta abdominal. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 68 anos com rim em ferradura, aneurisma de aorta abdominal sintomático e disfunção renal leve. A paciente foi submetida a correção endovascular, sendo utilizada uma endoprótese bifurcada. O pós-operatório foi livre de complicações. O diagnóstico e a técnica endovascular são discutidos, assim como a literatura revisada.Horseshoe kidney is a rare congenital anomaly that may cause various technical problems during conventional repairs of abdominal aortic aneurysms. We report the case of a 68-year-old woman with a horseshoe kidney, symptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm and mild renal failure. The patient underwent endovascular repair using a bifurcated endoprosthesis. The postoperative was uneventful. We describe the diagnosis and the endovascular technique and literature review.

Eduardo Keller Saadi

2008-09-01

 
 
 
 
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Successful Endovascular Repair of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Renal Transplant Recipient  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A renal transplant recipient presented in the early post-transplantation period with rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The high mortality rate of the surgical repair of ruptured aneurysm in addition to the concern of preserving the renal graft prompted us to seek alternative approaches, such as repairing the aneurysm by means of endovascular techniques. The ruptured aneurysm was confirmed by performing computed tomography and digital angiography and thereafter was successfully repaired by endovascular stenting technique (Talent stent-graft), which seems to be a safe and effective method of preserving a renal graft

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Tratamiento endovascular de urgencia con endoprótesis de aneurisma roto disecado de aorta torácica: A propósito de un caso Emergency endovascular treatment with endoprosthesis of ruptured dissected aneurysm of thoracic aorta: Report of one case  

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Full Text Available Los aneurismas de aorta torácica son menos comunes que los aneurismas de aorta abdominal y pueden encontrarse en aorta ascendente, arco aórtico, aorta descendente o en una combinación de estos segmentos. De estos aneurismas el 30% al 40% se originan en la aorta torácica descendente. En los aneurismas de aorta torácica existe una debilidad estructural de la pared de la aorta, que conlleva una dilatación arterial progresiva con eventual ruptura o disección. Aproximadamente, 50% de los aneurismas de aorta torácica son ateroscleróticos y ocurren como resultado de remodelado arterial y dilatación o a raíz de un metabolismo anormal del colágeno. La mayoría de los aneurismas de aorta torácica se descubren por casualidad durante la evaluación de otros problemas médicos. La meta del tratamiento de los aneurismas de aorta torácica, es prevenir la muerte debido a su ruptura. El riesgo de ruptura de los no tratados oscila entre 46% a 74% y la tasa de mortalidad por su ruptura es extremadamente alta. Los aneurismas de gran tamaño, en especial aquellos mayores de 6 cm, son más susceptibles de rupturas que los aneurismas de menor tamaño. El tratamiento endovascular, inicialmente desarrollado para los aneurismas de aorta abdominal, se introdujo en 1992 como una alternativa menos invasiva al tratamiento de cirugía abierta para los aneurismas de la aorta torácica descendente. En la actualidad, el injerto de stent endovascular en la aorta descendente o endoprótesis, recibe mayor atención como alternativa al reparo quirúrgico de los aneurismas de aorta torácica.Thoracic aortic aneurysms are less common than abdominal aortic aneurysms and can be found in ascending aorta, aortic arch, descending aorta or in a combination of these segments. 30% to 40% of these aneurysms are originated in thoracic descending aorta. In thoracic aortic aneurysms there exists a structural wall weakness that leads to a progressive arterial dilation with eventual rupture or dissection. Approximately 50% of all thoracic aortic aneurysms are atherosclerotic and are the result of arterial restructure and dilation or are due to an abnormal collagen metabolism. Most thoracic aortic aneurysms are only found by chance during other medical problems evaluation. The goal of thoracic aortic aneurysms treatment is the prevention of death due to its rupture. Ruptured risk of untreated aneurysms oscillates between 46% and 74% and mortality rate due to its rupture is extremely high. Large aneurysms, especially when they are greater than 6 cm in diameter are more susceptible of ruptures than smaller aneurysms. Endovascular treatment, initially developed for abdominal aortic aneurysms, was introduced in 1992 as a less invasive alternative to open surgery treatment for descending thoracic aortic aneurysms. Endovascular stent or endoprosthesis is actually getting more attention as an alternative to surgical repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms.

José Lugo

2007-12-01

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Correção endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal: análise dos resultados de único centro Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: a single-center results analysis  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados clínicos imediatos e em médio prazo do tratamento endovascular em pacientes portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal em um centro de referência para doenças cardiovasculares. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de uma série de pacientes submetidos a tratamento endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal, no período de janeiro de 2009 a julho de 2010. Foram avaliados as características demográficas, o sucesso técnico, o sucesso terapêutico, a morbimortalidade, as complicações e a taxa de reintervenções perioperatórias imediatos, e após um ano de acompanhamento. RESULTADOS: Foram analisados 102 pacientes consecutivos com idade média de 72 ± 9 anos, sendo 79% deles do sexo masculino. Houve sucesso técnico em 97,1% e êxito terapêutico em 81% dos casos. A mortalidade perioperatória foi de 0,9% e a anual, de 7,8%. Foram necessárias reintervenções em 18,8% dos pacientes durante o seguimento. CONCLUSÃO: Em nosso estudo, os resultados obtidos justificam a realização desse procedimento nos pacientes com anatomia adequada.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate immediate and mid-term outcomes in a series of patients submitted to endovascular repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in a reference center for cardiovascular medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present retrospective study included a series of patients treated in the period from January 2009 to July 2010, and evaluated demographic characteristics, technical success, therapeutic success, morbimortality, immediate complications and perioperative reintervention rate in a one-year follow-up. RESULTS: The authors evaluated 102 consecutive patients with a mean age of 72 ± 9 years (79% were men. Technical success was observed in 97.1% of cases, and therapeutic success, in 81%. Perioperative mortality was 0.9% and one-year mortality rate was 7.8%. Reintervention was necessary in 18.8% of the patients during follow-up. CONCLUSION: The outcomes observed in the present study justify performing such a procedure in patients with suitable anatomy.

Eduardo Rafael Novero

2012-02-01

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Tratamiento endovascular del síndrome de vena cava superior Endovascular treatment of superior vena cava syndrome  

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Full Text Available Background: Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS is caused by the obstruction of venous drainage from the upper portion of the body. Common clinical findings are headache and cervical, facial and upper limb edema. Occasionally, clouding of consciousness appears. Aim: to report our experience with endovascular treatment of SVCS. Material and methods: Retrospective review of all patients with SVCS subjected to endovascular treatment between 1999 and 2005. Results: Eight patients were treated, all of them with malignancies. Six had a benign obstruction due to the presence of a chemotherapy catheter located in the superior vena cava, one had obstruction secondary to radiation therapy and one a tumor compression of the superior vena cava. Two patients underwent thrombolytic therapy. Angioplasty and stenting was performed in all patients. The chemotherapy catheter was removed to all patients and installed again in one. One patient had a hemothorax secondary to a simultaneous needle lung biopsy under video thoracoscopy. No patient died in relation to the procedure. Congestive signs and symptoms subsided in all patients within 24 hours after the procedure. During follow up, only one patient had symptoms related to vena cava obstruction and three died due to their malignant tumor. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of SVCS has a low rate of complications and provides immediate and mid-term symptom relief

Michel Bergoeing R

2006-07-01

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Medicações referentes às complicações após correção de aneurisma da aorta abdominal endovascular Medication in relation to complications after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Este estudo observacional foi desenvolvido para pesquisar a influência dos medicamentos na ocorrência de complicações após correção endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal. MÉTODO: Foram analisados retrospectivamente os dados clínicos referentes a 70 pacientes consecutivos submetidos à correção endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal em dois centros cirúrgicos vasculares num período de 3 anos. As complicações eram classificadas de acordo com as recomendações do Comitê Designado de Padrões de Tratamento. Foi feita uma distinção entre complicações relacionadas ou não ao stent. Uma análise de regressão foi usada para avaliar a associação entre 12 grupos de medicamentos diferentes e o resultado da correção endovascular. RESULTADOS: Durante um acompanhamento de 70 pacientes-anos, foram relatadas 14 complicações leves (20%, 23 moderadas (33% e sete graves (10%. Trinta pacientes (43% que usaram cumarínicos tiveram significantemente menos complicações não relacionadas ao stent (OR. 0,21; 95% CI 0,05-0,90 comparados com os não usuários. Vinte pacientes (29%, tomando medicamentos antieméticos durante internação, mostraram quatro vezes mais complicações relacionadas ao stent (OR. 4,37; 95% CI 1,10-17,3 e o uso de analgésicos no hospital em 25 pacientes foi associado com mais complicações relacionadas ao stent (OR. 3,81; 95% CI 1,32-11,0. CONCLUSÃO: Medicações parecem estar associados com a ocorrência de complicações após terapia endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal. Pacientes que usaram cumarínicos tiveram menos complicações não relacionadas ao stent. Pacientes que usaram agentes antieméticos durante internação mostraram um número quatro vezes maior de complicações não relacionadas ao stent. Pacientes usando analgésicos durante a internação eram associados com maiores complicações relacionadas ao stent.OBJECTIVE: This observational study was undertaken to explore the influence of medication on the occurrence of complications following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: Clinical data concerning 70 consecutive patients undergoing elective EVAR in two vascular surgical centres over a 3 year period were analysed retrospectively. Complications were graded according to the recommendations of the Ad Hoc Committee on Reporting Standards. A distinction was made between device-related and non-related complications. An adjusted regression analysis was used to assess the association between 12 different medication groups and EVAR outcome. RESULTS: During 70 person years of follow-up 14 mild (20%, 23 moderate (33% and 7 severe (10% complications were recorded. Thirty patients (43% who used coumarin derivates showed significantly less non-device-related complications (OR 0.21; 95%CI 0.05-0.90 compared to non-users. Twenty patients (29% on anti-emetic drugs during hospital stay showed a fourfold more non-device-related complications (OR 4.37; 95%CI 1.10-17.3 and in-hospital use of analgesics in 25 patients was associated with more device-related complications (OR 3.81; 95%CI 1.32-11.0. CONCLUSION: Medication seems to be associated with the occurrence of complications following endovascular therapy of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Patients who used coumarin-derivatives experienced fewer non-device-related complications. Patients who used anti-emetic drugs during hospital-stay showed a fourfold number of non-device-related complications. Patients using analgesics during hospital stay were associated with significantly more device-related complications

Giel G. Koning

2006-06-01

66

Medicações referentes às complicações após correção de aneurisma da aorta abdominal endovascular / Medication in relation to complications after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Este estudo observacional foi desenvolvido para pesquisar a influência dos medicamentos na ocorrência de complicações após correção endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal. MÉTODO: Foram analisados retrospectivamente os dados clínicos referentes a 70 pacientes consecutivos submetidos [...] à correção endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal em dois centros cirúrgicos vasculares num período de 3 anos. As complicações eram classificadas de acordo com as recomendações do Comitê Designado de Padrões de Tratamento. Foi feita uma distinção entre complicações relacionadas ou não ao stent. Uma análise de regressão foi usada para avaliar a associação entre 12 grupos de medicamentos diferentes e o resultado da correção endovascular. RESULTADOS: Durante um acompanhamento de 70 pacientes-anos, foram relatadas 14 complicações leves (20%), 23 moderadas (33%) e sete graves (10%). Trinta pacientes (43%) que usaram cumarínicos tiveram significantemente menos complicações não relacionadas ao stent (OR. 0,21; 95% CI 0,05-0,90) comparados com os não usuários. Vinte pacientes (29%), tomando medicamentos antieméticos durante internação, mostraram quatro vezes mais complicações relacionadas ao stent (OR. 4,37; 95% CI 1,10-17,3) e o uso de analgésicos no hospital em 25 pacientes foi associado com mais complicações relacionadas ao stent (OR. 3,81; 95% CI 1,32-11,0). CONCLUSÃO: Medicações parecem estar associados com a ocorrência de complicações após terapia endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal. Pacientes que usaram cumarínicos tiveram menos complicações não relacionadas ao stent. Pacientes que usaram agentes antieméticos durante internação mostraram um número quatro vezes maior de complicações não relacionadas ao stent. Pacientes usando analgésicos durante a internação eram associados com maiores complicações relacionadas ao stent. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This observational study was undertaken to explore the influence of medication on the occurrence of complications following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: Clinical data concerning 70 consecutive patients undergoing elective EVAR in two vascular surgical centre [...] s over a 3 year period were analysed retrospectively. Complications were graded according to the recommendations of the Ad Hoc Committee on Reporting Standards. A distinction was made between device-related and non-related complications. An adjusted regression analysis was used to assess the association between 12 different medication groups and EVAR outcome. RESULTS: During 70 person years of follow-up 14 mild (20%), 23 moderate (33%) and 7 severe (10%) complications were recorded. Thirty patients (43%) who used coumarin derivates showed significantly less non-device-related complications (OR 0.21; 95%CI 0.05-0.90) compared to non-users. Twenty patients (29%) on anti-emetic drugs during hospital stay showed a fourfold more non-device-related complications (OR 4.37; 95%CI 1.10-17.3) and in-hospital use of analgesics in 25 patients was associated with more device-related complications (OR 3.81; 95%CI 1.32-11.0). CONCLUSION: Medication seems to be associated with the occurrence of complications following endovascular therapy of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Patients who used coumarin-derivatives experienced fewer non-device-related complications. Patients who used anti-emetic drugs during hospital-stay showed a fourfold number of non-device-related complications. Patients using analgesics during hospital stay were associated with significantly more device-related complications

Giel G., Koning; Roel, Hobo; Robert J. F., Laheij; Jacob, Buth; J. Adam, Van Der Vliet.

2006-06-01

67

Dual-energy computed tomography imaging of the aorta after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular repair is increasingly considered a less-invasive alternative to open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm. However, there are still many potential complications of endovascular repair, including endoleaks, graft migration, thrombosis, and fistula formation. Endoleak is the most common complication for which these patients undergo long-term imaging surveillance. Most centers acquire computed tomographic (CT) data before contrast administration and during an arterial and delayed phase of aortic enhancement after the administration of intravenous contrast material to optimize detection of endoleaks. Although this technique works well, the downside is significant patient radiation exposure. Although the carcinogenic risk of ionizing radiation because of CT exposure is low, it has been linked to an increase in the lifelong risk of developing fatal cancers. Furthermore, this risk is cumulative and increases with multiple radiation exposure, as is true in surveillance after endovascular repair. As a result, considerable research is being performed to optimize CT protocols in an effort to decrease radiation dose. One such approach is to image these patients with recently introduced dual source dual-energy CT system. Using this technique, virtual noncontrast data may be generated from a postcontrast acquisition which may obviate the routine acquisition of noncontrast acquisition, thus decreasing radiation dose. In this article, we discuss the role of dual energy CT imaging in evaluation of patients after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm. PMID:20691929

Laks, Shaked; Macari, Michael; Chandarana, Hersh

2010-08-01

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Endovascular exclusion for the coexistent lesions of abdominal aortic aneurysm, false-aneurysm and dissection  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of endovascular exclusion for complex abdominal aortic aneurysms. Methods: One case with coexistent lesions of abdominal aortic aneurysm, false-aneurysm and dissection received stent-graft exclusion. The bilateral common femoral arteries were dissected, and the humoral artery was punctured to insert the guidewire. The guidewire stretching technique was applied, and the modular stent-graft was deployed to exclude all the aneurysms and dissection simultaneously. Results: The technique of exclusion achieved a thorough success, and all the three aneurysms were excluded simultaneously with no need of additional extension. No complications such as endoleak, migration, occurred. The lumen of revascularization was patent. Conclusion: Based on the case, the indication of the endovascular exclusion can be further expended

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms in high-surgical-risk patients / Tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Contexto: Após a publicação de um estudo prospectivo e randomizado (Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Trial 2 - EVAR2) que questionou o benefício do tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal (AAA) em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico, decidimos avaliar nossos resultados iniciais e tardios [...] neste grupo de pacientes. Objetivo: Avaliar a mortalidade perioperatória, a sobrevivência tardia, a freqüência das reintervenções, o comportamento dos sacos aneurismáticos, as patências primária e secundária e a incidência de rotura após o tratamento endovascular de AAA em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico. Métodos: Entre abril de 2002 e fevereiro de 2008, 40 pacientes de alto risco anestésico-cirúrgico portadores de AAA foram submetidos ao implante de endopróteses bifurcadas de aorta e incluídos num registro prospectivo. Os dados a respeito do diagnóstico, risco operatório, tratamento e seguimento foram analisados em todos os pacientes. Resultados: 24 endopróteses Excluder® e 16 Zenith® foram implantadas com sucesso. Trinta pacientes (75%) foram classificados como ASA III e 10 (25%) como ASA IV. O diâmetro médio dos AAA era de 64 mm. A mortalidade perioperatória foi de 2,5%. Dois pacientes necessitaram de reintervenção durante o seguimento médio de 28,5 meses. A taxa de sobrevivência aos 3 anos foi de 95%. Houve quatro endoleaks, um caso de endotensão, e uma oclusão de ramo em uma endoprótese. As patências primária e secundária aos 3 anos foram de 97,5 e 100%, respectivamente. Não houve nenhuma rotura. Conclusões: Nossos resultados iniciais e tardios do tratamento endovascular de AAA em pacientes de alto risco são satisfatórios e parecem justificar a indicação deste tratamento neste grupo de pacientes. Abstract in english Background: Following the publication of a prospective randomized trial (Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Trial 2 - EVAR2) that questioned the benefits of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in high-surgical-risk patients, we decided to analyze our initial and long-term results with [...] endovascular AAA repair in this patient population. Objective: To evaluate the operative mortality, long-term survival, frequency of secondary operations, outcome of the aneurysm sac, primary and secondary patency rates, and rupture rate after aortic stent-graft placement in high-surgical-risk patients. Methods: From April 2002 to February 2008, 40 high-surgical and anesthetic risk patients with an AAA managed by a bifurcated aortic endograft were entered in a prospective registry. Data concerning diagnosis, operative risk, treatment and follow-up were analyzed in all patients Results: Twenty-four Excluder® and 16 Zenith® stent-grafts were successfully implanted. Thirty patients (75%) were classed ASA III and 10 (25%) were ASA IV. Mean aneurysm diameter was 64 mm. Operative mortality was 2.5%. Two patients required reintervention during the mean follow-up of 28.5 months. Survival rate at 3 years was 95%. There were four endoleaks, one case of endotension, and one endograft limb occlusion. Primary and secondary patency rates at 3 years were 97.5 and 100%, respectively. There were no ruptures. Conclusions: Initial and long-term results with endovascular treatment of AAA in high-surgical-risk patients were satisfactory, and appear to justify such approach for this patient population.

Célio Teixeira, Mendonça; Ricardo Cesar Rocha, Moreira; Cláudio Augusto de, Carvalho; Bárbara D´Agnoluzzo, Moreira; Janaína, Weingärtner; Alexandre Y., Shiomi.

2009-03-01

70

Use of spiral computed tomographic angiography in monitoring abdominal aortic aneurysms after transfemoral endovascular repair  

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Transfemoral endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms has proved to be technically feasible in a selected group of patients. However, long-term efficacy has not been proved. Graft performance after implantation can be monitored by a single imaging technique: spiral computed tomographic angiography. With this technique, the parameters for continuing clinical success of the procedure-graft patency, endoleaks, graft migration, attachment site diameter, attachment system failure, and ane...

Balm, R.; Jacobs, M. J. H. M.

1997-01-01

71

Increased Fluorodeoxyglucose Uptake Following Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair: A Predictor of Endoleak?  

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The main criterion for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair is an AAA diameter ?5.5 cm. However, some AAAs rupture when they are smaller. Size alone may therefore not be a sufficient criterion to determine rupture risk. Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) uptake is increased in the presence of inflammation and it was suggested that this may be a better predictor of rupture risk than AAA size. Furthermore, increased FDG uptake following endovascular AAA repair may be an indirect predictor of continuo...

Paraskevas, Kosmas I.; Tzovaras, Alexandros A.; Stathopoulos, Vassilios; Gentimi, Fotini; Mikhailidis, Dimitri P.

2010-01-01

72

Evaluation of Texture for Classification of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm After Endovascular Repair  

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The use of the endovascular prostheses in abdominal aortic aneurysm has proven to be an effective technique to reduce the pressure and rupture risk of aneurysm. Nevertheless, in a long-term perspective, complications such as leaks inside the aneurysm sac (endoleaks) could appear causing a pressure elevation and increasing the danger of rupture consequently. At present, computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is the most common examination for medical surveillance. However, endoleak complicatio...

Garci?a, Guillermo; Maiora, Josu; Tapia, Arantxa; Blas, Mariano

2012-01-01

73

Experience of non-vascular complications following endovascular aneurysm repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

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Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a widely used method, and its decreased invasiveness compared to traditional surgical repair has brought about reduced rates of morbidity and mortality. Several vascular complications related to the procedure have been reported, but non-vascular complications have rarely occurred. We report herein the case of a 78-year-old man who underwent EVAR for AAA and presented with active duodenal ulcer bleeding...

Park, Hyung Sub; Jung, In Mok; Soh, Young Ho; Cho, Byung-sun; Ahn, Young Joon; Chung, Jung Kee

2011-01-01

74

Open vs. endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: a comparative analysis / Análise comparativa entre tratamentos convencional e endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Contexto: O aneurisma de aorta abdominal (AAA) é uma condição frequentemente assintomática, porém potencialmente fatal, cuja prevalência em homens com 60 anos ou mais está entre 4,3% e 8%. Existem duas modalidades de tratamento disponíveis: cirurgia aberta (TA) e endovascular (TE). Objetivo: Comp [...] arar os resultados dessas duas modalidades de tratamento, entre 2008 e 2013, em um hospital terciário. Métodos: Análise retrospectiva comparando 119 pacientes submetidos ao TA e 219 pacientes submetidos ao TE, para correção de AAA. Resultados: O grupo submetido ao TE apresentou maior idade (71,3 vs. 68,2 anos; p Abstract in english Context: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a condition that is usually asymptomatic, but potentially fatal, and has a prevalence in men over 60 years old ranging from 4.3% to 8%. There are two treatment options available: open surgery (OS) and endovascular treatment (ET). Objective: To compare t [...] he results of repairs conducted using these two treatment methods from 2008 to 2013 in a tertiary hospital. Methods: A retrospective analysis comparing 119 patients treated with OS and 219 patients who underwent ET for AAA repair. Results: The ET group was older (71.3 vs. 68.2 years; p

Samuel de Paula, Miranda; Paschoal Cunha, Miranda; Marília Granzotto, Volpato; Maria Cláudia, Folino; Antônio Massamitsu, Kambara; Fábio Henrique, Rossi; Nilo Mitsuru, Izukawa.

2014-12-01

75

Manejo actual de la estenosis de carótida: Tratamiento endovascular comparado con endarterectomía / Current management of carotid stenosis: Endovascular treatment versus endarterectomy  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En estenosis carotidea, la única manera de prevenir nuevos eventos cerebrovasculares era mediante antiagregación. Después de los estudios NASCET y ECST se estableció que la endarterectomía conseguía mejores resultados. Ahora se ha establecido la terapia endovascular como alternativa. Nuestro objetiv [...] o es mostrar la evolución de la terapia endovascular en estenosis carotidea, contrastar los resultados entre tratamiento endovascular, médico y quirúrgico y exponer la situación actual de la terapia endovascular. Algunos estudios se realizaron hace décadas y tanto la técnica endovascular como los tratamientos médicos, no son comparables con los de hoy. Varios estudios coinciden en que el stenting beneficia a menores de 70 años y presenta al menos iguales resultados que la endarterectomía a corto plazo, con mayor tasa de reestenosis a largo plazo. Quedan por resolver la indicación de tratamiento en pacientes asintomáticos o la utilización de sistemas de protección. El tratamiento debe ser individualizado en un equipo multidisciplinar. Abstract in english Antiplatelet therapy used to be the only way to prevent further cerebrovascular events in patients with carotid stenosis. After publication of final results of the European Carotid Surgery Trial (ECST) and North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET), endarterectomy was considere [...] d the best treatment option. Currently, endovascular treatment of atherosclerotic carotid artery stenosis has been established as an alternative to surgical endarterectomy. Our aim is to show the evolution of endovascular therapy in carotid stenosis, to compare outcomes between endovascular, medical and surgical treatments, and to analize the current state of endovascular therapy. It is worth underscoring that many of the studies were conducted decades ago and consequently both the endovascular technique and medical treatments used then greatly differ from current practices. Several studies agree stenting benefits patients under 70 years of age and exhibits, at least, same short-term results as endarterectomy, along with higher rate of long-term restenosis. Indication for treatment in asymptomatic patients and the use of protection systems remain an unresolved issue. A multidisciplinary team should implement an individualized treatment plan for each patient.

Elvira, Jiménez G; Rafael, Oteros F; Fernando, Delgado A; Antonio, Cano S.

76

Tratamiento endovascular del síndrome de vena cava superior / Endovascular treatment of superior vena cava syndrome  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is caused by the obstruction of venous drainage from the upper portion of the body. Common clinical findings are headache and cervical, facial and upper limb edema. Occasionally, clouding of consciousness appears. Aim: to report our experience with endo [...] vascular treatment of SVCS. Material and methods: Retrospective review of all patients with SVCS subjected to endovascular treatment between 1999 and 2005. Results: Eight patients were treated, all of them with malignancies. Six had a benign obstruction due to the presence of a chemotherapy catheter located in the superior vena cava, one had obstruction secondary to radiation therapy and one a tumor compression of the superior vena cava. Two patients underwent thrombolytic therapy. Angioplasty and stenting was performed in all patients. The chemotherapy catheter was removed to all patients and installed again in one. One patient had a hemothorax secondary to a simultaneous needle lung biopsy under video thoracoscopy. No patient died in relation to the procedure. Congestive signs and symptoms subsided in all patients within 24 hours after the procedure. During follow up, only one patient had symptoms related to vena cava obstruction and three died due to their malignant tumor. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of SVCS has a low rate of complications and provides immediate and mid-term symptom relief

Michel, Bergoeing R; Renato, Mertens M; Francisco, Valdés E; Albrecht, Krämer Sch; Manuel, Alvarez Z; Pablo, Bertin C; Rodrigo, Sagüés C; Eric, Orellana U; Héctor, Galindo A; Jeannette, Vergara G; Magaly, Valdebenito C.

2006-07-01

77

Correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal em paciente com rim em ferradura: relato de caso / Endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in patient with horseshoe kidney: a case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O rim em ferradura é uma anomalia congênita rara que pode causar várias dificuldades técnicas durante a correção convencional de aneurisma de aorta abdominal. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 68 anos com rim em ferradura, aneurisma de aorta abdominal sintomático e disfunção renal leve. A paciente [...] foi submetida a correção endovascular, sendo utilizada uma endoprótese bifurcada. O pós-operatório foi livre de complicações. O diagnóstico e a técnica endovascular são discutidos, assim como a literatura revisada. Abstract in english Horseshoe kidney is a rare congenital anomaly that may cause various technical problems during conventional repairs of abdominal aortic aneurysms. We report the case of a 68-year-old woman with a horseshoe kidney, symptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm and mild renal failure. The patient underwent en [...] dovascular repair using a bifurcated endoprosthesis. The postoperative was uneventful. We describe the diagnosis and the endovascular technique and literature review.

Eduardo Keller, Saadi; Luiz Henrique, Dussin; Leandro de, Moura; Alcides José, Zago.

2008-09-01

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Endovascular Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Reduces Postoperative Blood Endotoxin Levels Assayed by the EAA Method Compared with Open Abdominal Surgery  

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Introduction: We hypothesized to demonstrate whether there are significant differences in blood endotoxin (Et) levels after abdominal aortic surgery between endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) and open abdominal surgery. Methods: The patients who underwent the surgical treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm were divided into two groups according to the procedures: open abdomen surgery (OP) and EVAR (SG). The value of Endotoxin Activity Assay (EAA) was compared between g...

Atsumi Ohishi; Satoshi Matsushita; Shizuyuki Dohi; Taira Yamamoto; Hirotaka Inaba; Kenji Kuwaki; Atsushi Amano

2014-01-01

79

Correção endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal: análise dos resultados de único centro / Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: a single-center results analysis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados clínicos imediatos e em médio prazo do tratamento endovascular em pacientes portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal em um centro de referência para doenças cardiovasculares. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de uma série de pacientes submetidos a tratamento [...] endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal, no período de janeiro de 2009 a julho de 2010. Foram avaliados as características demográficas, o sucesso técnico, o sucesso terapêutico, a morbimortalidade, as complicações e a taxa de reintervenções perioperatórias imediatos, e após um ano de acompanhamento. RESULTADOS: Foram analisados 102 pacientes consecutivos com idade média de 72 ± 9 anos, sendo 79% deles do sexo masculino. Houve sucesso técnico em 97,1% e êxito terapêutico em 81% dos casos. A mortalidade perioperatória foi de 0,9% e a anual, de 7,8%. Foram necessárias reintervenções em 18,8% dos pacientes durante o seguimento. CONCLUSÃO: Em nosso estudo, os resultados obtidos justificam a realização desse procedimento nos pacientes com anatomia adequada. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate immediate and mid-term outcomes in a series of patients submitted to endovascular repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in a reference center for cardiovascular medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present retrospective study included a series of patients treated in t [...] he period from January 2009 to July 2010, and evaluated demographic characteristics, technical success, therapeutic success, morbimortality, immediate complications and perioperative reintervention rate in a one-year follow-up. RESULTS: The authors evaluated 102 consecutive patients with a mean age of 72 ± 9 years (79% were men). Technical success was observed in 97.1% of cases, and therapeutic success, in 81%. Perioperative mortality was 0.9% and one-year mortality rate was 7.8%. Reintervention was necessary in 18.8% of the patients during follow-up. CONCLUSION: The outcomes observed in the present study justify performing such a procedure in patients with suitable anatomy.

Eduardo Rafael, Novero; Patrick Bastos, Metzger; Fernanda Maria Resegue, Angelieri; Marcelo Bueno de Oliveira, Colli; Samuel Martins, Moreira; Nilo Mitsuru, Izukawa; Fabio Henrique, Rossi; Antonio Massamitsu, Kambara.

2012-02-01

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm by bifurcated stent graft  

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To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of endoluminal bifurcated stent graft for the treatment of AAA. Between August 1997 and August 1998, 20 patients with AAA underwent treatment involving the use of a bifurcated stent graft. Fourteen in whom the aneurysm involved only bifurcation and six patients in whom the common iliac arteries were involved. For one patient, a stent with a short proximal neck measuring 12 mm was used. The stent graft was inserted by means of a unilateral surgical femoral arteriotomy. After the procedure, follow up involving CT and aortography was performed between month 3 and month 12. The primary success rate with the first trial was 79 percent (15 of 19 patients), and the overall success rate was 84 percent; one perigraft leak was successfully corrected. In one case, technical failure occurred due to a tortuous iliac vessel and spasm. Procedure-related complications occurred in 16% of patients (3 of 19), one of whom died due to acute renal failure following a contrast overdose. Endovascular treatment of infrarenal AAA by means of a bifurcated stent graft was effective and safe. In particular, if the proximal neck measured more than 1cm, any AAA could be treated using a bifurcated stent graft. Further investigation of the outcome and complications arising during long-term follow-up are needed, however.

Ko, Heung Kyu; Lee, Do Yon; Shim, Won Heum; Jang, Byung Chul; Yoon, Chee Soon; Won, Jong Yoon [Yonsei Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Hwan, Won Je [Aju Univ. College of Medicine, Suwon (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Byung Chul [Ewha Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1999-11-01

 
 
 
 
81

Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm by bifurcated stent graft  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of endoluminal bifurcated stent graft for the treatment of AAA. Between August 1997 and August 1998, 20 patients with AAA underwent treatment involving the use of a bifurcated stent graft. Fourteen in whom the aneurysm involved only bifurcation and six patients in whom the common iliac arteries were involved. For one patient, a stent with a short proximal neck measuring 12 mm was used. The stent graft was inserted by means of a unilateral surgical femoral arteriotomy. After the procedure, follow up involving CT and aortography was performed between month 3 and month 12. The primary success rate with the first trial was 79 percent (15 of 19 patients), and the overall success rate was 84 percent; one perigraft leak was successfully corrected. In one case, technical failure occurred due to a tortuous iliac vessel and spasm. Procedure-related complications occurred in 16% of patients (3 of 19), one of whom died due to acute renal failure following a contrast overdose. Endovascular treatment of infrarenal AAA by means of a bifurcated stent graft was effective and safe. In particular, if the proximal neck measured more than 1cm, any AAA could be treated using a bifurcated stent graft. Further investigation of the outcome and complications arising during long-term follow-up are needed, however

82

Aneurisma de aorta torácica por úlcera aterosclerótica penetrante: tratamiento endovascular, híbrido o cirugía. Revisión / Penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer of the thoracic aorta: endovascular treatment, hybrid or surgery. A review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los aneurismas de aorta pueden acompañarse de síndromes aórticos agudos (SAA) que cursan con debilitamiento de la capa media, lo cual condiciona un riesgo de ruptura aórtica, con alta morbilidad y mortalidad. La úlcera penetrante constituye 5% de los SAA y resulta de una progresiva erosión de una pl [...] aca ateromatosa que penetra la lámina elástica interna y permite la formación de un hematoma en la media de la pared aórtica. El tratamiento endovascular es una alternativa al tratamiento quirúrgico en los SAA que ha demostrado una adecuada tasa de éxito; sin embargo, existe en la actualidad otra modalidad que se conoce como tratamiento híbrido (quirúrgico y endovascular) que parece estar dando adecuados resultados. El caso que analizamos a continuación es el de un paciente que tuvo una úlcera penetrante. El hematoma resultante generó un aneurisma contenido con riesgo de ruptura. Además, en este estudio comentaremos las opciones en el tratamiento de estos pacientes. Abstract in english The aortic aneurysm is part of the acute aortic syndromes (AAS). Aortic aneurysms have a weakened tunica media. Acute aneurysm expansion may herald rupture with high morbility and mortality. Five percent of AAS are diagnosed as pentetrating atherosclerotic ulcer which is an ulceration of an atherosc [...] lerotic lesion of the aorta that penetrates the internal elastic lamina and allows hematoma formation within the tunica media of the aortic wall. Endovascular treatment is an alternative to surgery and has provided an adequate rate of successful repair. There is another type of treatment which combines surgery and endovascular repair (the hybrid open-endovascular repair) which provides adequate results. The afford mention case is about a patient with a penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer. The hematoma that results from this ulcer extends and self-contains the aneurysm, with a high risk of rupture. We will also describe the aneurysm treatment options.

Magali, Herrera-Gomar; Marco Antonio, Alcántara-Meléndez; Catalina, Lomelí-Estrada; Celso, Mendoza-González; Carlos Alberto, Aguirre-Molina; José Antonio, Lorenzo-Negrete; Eric, Kimura-Hayama; Martín, Rosas-Peralta; Fause, Attie-Cury.

2009-06-01

83

Embolization by micro navigation for treatment of persistent type 2 Endoleaks after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair / Embolização por micronavegação para tratamento de Endoleak tipo 2 persistente após reparo endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Contexto: O reparo endovascular se estabeleceu como uma modalidade segura e efetiva no tratamento do Aneurisma de Aorta Abdominal. Uma das principais complicações deste tipo de tratamento é o Vazamento ou Endoleak, sendo o do tipo 2 o mais frequente deles. Objetivo: Fazer uma breve revisão de lit [...] eratura e avaliar a segurança e a efetividade da embolização por micronavegação para o tratamento do Vazamento tipo 2. Método: A revisão dos prontuários dos pacientes submetidos ao Reparo Endovascular do Aneurisma de Aorta abdominal identificou cinco pacientes que apresentavam Endoleak tipo 2 persistente. Esses pacientes foram submetidos à embolização por micronavegação. Resultado: Em todos os casos, houve sucesso angiográfico e as tomografias de controle evidenciavam ausência de Vazamento tipo 2 e diminuição do saco aneurismático, após o procedimento. Conclusão: O tratamento do Endoleak tipo II por embolização por micronavegação é um método efetivo e seguro, sendo considerado uma opção para esta complicação após o Reparo Endovascular do Aneurisma de Aorta Abdominal. Abstract in english Background: Endovascular repair has become established as a safe and effective method for treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms. One major complication of this treatment is leakage, or endoleaks, of which type 2 leaks are the most common. Objective: To conduct a brief review of the literature a [...] nd evaluate the safety and effectiveness of embolization by micronavigation for treatment of type 2 endoleaks. Method: A review of medical records from patients who underwent endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms identified 5 patients with persistent type 2 endoleaks. These patients were submitted to embolization by micronavigation. Results: In all cases, angiographic success was achieved and control CT scans showed absence of type 2 leaks and aneurysm sacs that had reduced in size after the procedure. Conclusion: Treatment of type 2 endoleaks using embolization by micronavigation is an effective and safe method and should be considered as a treatment option for this complication after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms.

Bruno Lorenção de, Almeida; Antônio Massamitsu, Kambara; Fabio Henrique, Rossi; Marcelo Bueno de Oliveira, Colli; Eduardo Silva Jordão de, Oliveira; Patrick Bastos, Metzger; Camila Baumann, Beteli; Sthefanie Fauve Andrade, Cavalcante.

2014-12-01

84

Endovascular Treatment of Blunt Traumatic Abdominal Aortic Occlusion With Kissing Stent Placement  

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Blunt traumatic abdominal aortic dissection is extremely rare and potentially deadly. We present the case of a 62-year-old man involved in a frontal car crash. After emergency undergoing laparotomy for bowel injuries, he was referred to our hospital due to acute ischemia of bilateral lower extremities on day 3 after the trauma. Computed tomography and aortography showed an aortobiiliac dissection with complete occlusion. This injury was successfully treated by endovascular treatment with 'kissing'-technique stent placement, which appears to be a safe, effective, and minimally invasive treatment.

Idoguchi, Koji, E-mail: idoguchi@ares.eonet.ne.jp; Yamaguchi, Masato; Okada, Takuya [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan); Nomura, Yoshikatsu [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Japan); Sugimura, Kazuro [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan); Okita, Yutaka [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Japan); Sugimoto, Koji [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan)

2012-10-15

85

Endovascular Treatment of Blunt Traumatic Abdominal Aortic Occlusion With Kissing Stent Placement  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Blunt traumatic abdominal aortic dissection is extremely rare and potentially deadly. We present the case of a 62-year-old man involved in a frontal car crash. After emergency undergoing laparotomy for bowel injuries, he was referred to our hospital due to acute ischemia of bilateral lower extremities on day 3 after the trauma. Computed tomography and aortography showed an aortobiiliac dissection with complete occlusion. This injury was successfully treated by endovascular treatment with “kissing”-technique stent placement, which appears to be a safe, effective, and minimally invasive treatment.

86

A modified technique for Gore Excluder limb deployment in difficult iliac anatomy during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

Complex iliac anatomy including extreme tortuosity constitutes a relative contraindication for endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair with additional risk of limb-graft occlusion. The Gore Excluder limb-graft is a flexible stent-graft, which adapts easily to iliac tortuosity. Nevertheless, the presence of the stiff guide wire does not always allow for an ideal apposition of the stent graft to the angulated common iliac artery vessel wall. We describe herein a modified technique for Gore Excluder limb-graft deployment with partial removal of the stiff wire in cases with difficult tortuous or narrow iliac arteries during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. PMID:24668057

Vourliotakis, George; Katsargyris, ?thanasios; Tielliu, Ignace Fj; Zeebregts, Clark J; Verhoeven, Eric Lg

2015-02-01

87

Technical aspects of repair of juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms using the Zenith fenestrated endovascular stent graft.  

Science.gov (United States)

Fenestrated endovascular aortic repair has been used with increasing frequency to treat complex aortic aneurysms. The Zenith fenestrated stent graft system (Cook Medical Inc, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia) was approved for commercial use in the United States in April 2012, offering a custom-made design with up to three fenestrations to treat short-neck infrarenal and juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. This report and the Video presentation (online only) summarize the preoperative planning, stent graft design, and technique of implantation of a Zenith fenestrated stent graft using a totally percutaneous approach in an 80-year-old female patient with a 6-cm juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. The patient was dismissed home the next day without complications, and a computed tomography angiography at 12 months showed no endoleak or stent graft complications. PMID:24767275

Oderich, Gustavo S; Correa, Mateus P; Mendes, Bernardo C

2014-05-01

88

Open and endovascular repair of juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms: a systematic review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english This systematic review focuses on the 30-day mortality associated with open surgery and fenestrated endografts for short-necked ([...] erformed, using “juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm” and “treatment” as the main keywords. Among the 110 potentially relevant studies that were initially identified, eight were in accordance with the inclusion criteria in the analysis. Similar outcomes for open and endovascular repair were observed for 30-day mortality. No differences were observed regarding the secondary outcomes (duration of surgery, hospital stay, postoperative renal dysfunction and late mortality), except that the late mortality rate was significantly higher for the patients treated with open repair after a median follow-up of 24 months. Fenestrated endografting is a viable alternative to conventional surgery in juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms with a proximal neck

Sergio Quilici, Belczak; Luiz, Lanziotti; Yuri, Botelho; Ricardo, Aun; Erasmo Simão, da Silva; Pedro, Puech-Leão; Nelson, de Luccia.

2014-09-01

89

Exclusión endovascular de un aneurisma de la aorta abdominal con una endoprótesis fenestrada balón expandible / Endovascular Exclusion of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with a Fenestrated Balloon-Expandable Stent-Graft  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La reparación endovascular de los aneurismas de la aorta abdominal (AAA) es una alternativa atractiva a la cirugía convencional. El límite absoluto para el implante de una endoprótesis estándar es la presencia de una o ambas arterias renales emergiendo del saco aneurismático. En estos casos, el empl [...] eo de dispositivos fenestrados con preservación del flujo sanguíneo de dichas arterias puede ser una alternativa terapéutica al tratamiento convencional. El objetivo de esta presentación es comunicar la colocación de una endoprótesis fenestrada balón expandible en un paciente con AAA, monorreno y con un riñón intrapelviano en el que la arteria renal emergía del saco aneurismático. Por vía femoral derecha sobre una guía rígida se ascendió el tronco aórtico de la endoprótesis. A continuación, por la misma vía, se ascendió el módulo de conexión entre el tronco aórtico y la arteria ilíaca común derecha. Un tercer módulo conectó la rama de la fenestración del segundo módulo con la arteria renal. El procedimiento se completó con la oclusión de la arteria ilíaca común izquierda (mediante stent oclusor) y la realización de un bypass femorofemoral. El éxito clínico y de implante alcanzado con este paciente muestra que las endoprótesis fenestradas son una opción en anatomías complejas y nos alienta a continuar trabajando con este tipo de dispositivos. Abstract in english Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is an attractive option to conventional surgery. The presence of one or both renal arteries emerging from the aneurysmal sac is the absolute limit for implanting a standard stent-graft. In these cases, the use of fenestrated devices that preser [...] ve blood flow to these arteries might constitute a therapeutic option to conventional treatment. The aim of this case report is to describe the implant of a balloon-expandable stent-graft using a fenestrated device in a patient with an AAA and only one kidney located in the pelvis with a renal artery emerging from the aneurysmal sac. A stiff guide-wire was introduced via the femoral artery and the aortic segment of the stent-graft was advanced. A second segment was introduced to connect the aortic trunk with the right common iliac artery. Finally, a third segment connected the fenestrated branch of the second segment with the renal artery. The procedure ended with the placement of an occluder device in the left common iliac artery and a femorofemoral bypass graft surgery. The clinical success achieved with this patient demonstrates that fenestrated stent-grafts are an option in complex anatomies and encourages us to keep on working with this type of devices.

Hernán G., Bertoni; Germán, Girela; Miguel, Peirano; Jorge H., Leguizamón; Sergio, Ludueña; Héctor, Barone.

2008-10-01

90

The application of brachial-femoral stretch guidewire in endovascular exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the key technique and application value of brachial-femoral stretch guidewire in endovascular exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Methods: Since Mach 1997 to October 2002, endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm had been preformed on 136 patients. The main body short limb graft was used in 118 cases. (Vanguard 6, Talent 86, AneuRx 2, Zenith 3, domestic 21). 12 of these patients were undergone brachial-femoral guidewire technique for the procedure. Results: All of the 12 cases with brachial-femoral stretch guidewire technique had the stent-grafts introduced, connected and released successfully. One case suffered brachial artery thrombosis postoperatively. One case had left medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve injured, but no other artery or incision complications occurred. 9 cases with the brachial-femoral stretch guidewire technique showed obviously, shortening of the time for this procedure. Conclusions: For the patients with poor general condition or specific anatomic conditions, such as aneurysm diameter >6 cm and the angle between aneurysm and common iliac artery >45 degree, aneurysm necktwist > 30 degree or iliac artery twist > 45 degree, age over 75 years old and combination with more than one important organ disfunction, the brachial-femoral guidewire technique is the valuable method of choice

91

Endovascular Repair of an Actively Hemorrhaging Stab Wound Injury to the Abdominal Aorta  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Traumatic injury of the abdominal aorta is rare and potentially lethal (Yeh et al., J Vasc Surg 42(5):1007-1009, 2005; Chicos et al., Chirurgia (Bucur) 102(2):237-240, 2007) as it can result in major retroperitoneal hemorrhage, requiring an urgent open surgery. In case of concomitant bowel injury or other conditions of hostile abdomen, endovascular repair can be an alternative treatment. This case report deals with a 50-year-old man presenting at the emergency ward with three stab wounds: two in the abdomen and one in the chest. During explorative laparotomy, liver laceration and bowel perforation were repaired. One day later, abdominal CT-scan revealed an additional retroperitoneal hematoma associated with an aortic pseudoaneurysm, located anteriorly 3 cm above the aortic bifurcation. Because of the risk of graft infection, an endovascular repair of the aortic injury using a Gore excluder stent-graft was performed. Radiological and clinical follow-up revealed a gradual shrinkage of the pseudo-aneurysm and no sign of graft infection at two years' follow-up.

92

Endovascular management of lap belt-related abdominal aortic injury in a 9-year-old child.  

Science.gov (United States)

Blunt abdominal aortic trauma is a rare occurrence in children with only a few patients having been reported in the literature. Most such cases have been described in the context of lap belt injuries. We report a 9-year-old boy who suffered lap belt trauma to the abdomen during a high-speed road traffic accident resulting to the well-recognized pattern of blunt abdominal injury, that is, the triad of intestinal perforation, fractures of the lumbar spine, and abdominal aortic injury. The latter presented with lower limb ischemia due to dissection of the infrarenal aorta and right common iliac artery. Revascularization was achieved by endovascular means using 2 self-expanding stents in the infrarenal aorta and the right common iliac artery. This case is one of the few reports of lap belt-related acute traumatic abdominal aortic dissection in a young child and highlights the feasibility of endovascular management in the pediatric population. PMID:25463338

Papazoglou, Konstantinos O; Karkos, Christos D; Kalogirou, Thomas E; Giagtzidis, Ioakeim T

2015-02-01

93

Unusual perigraft abscess formation associated with stent graft infection after endovascular aortic repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: A case report  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Although a stent graft infection after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a rare complication, it carries a high mortality and morbidity rate. We report a rare case of stent graft infection that led to an unusual perigraft abscess formation without any associated aortoenteric fistula two years after the EVAR of AAA.

Lee, Hyo Jin; Kim, Song Soo; Ahn, Moon Sang; Lee, Jae Hwan; Shin, Byung Seok; KIm, Jin Hwan [Chungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2014-03-15

94

Tratamiento endovascular de urgencia con endoprótesis de aneurisma roto disecado de aorta torácica: A propósito de un caso / Emergency endovascular treatment with endoprosthesis of ruptured dissected aneurysm of thoracic aorta: Report of one case  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los aneurismas de aorta torácica son menos comunes que los aneurismas de aorta abdominal y pueden encontrarse en aorta ascendente, arco aórtico, aorta descendente o en una combinación de estos segmentos. De estos aneurismas el 30% al 40% se originan en la aorta torácica descendente. En los aneurisma [...] s de aorta torácica existe una debilidad estructural de la pared de la aorta, que conlleva una dilatación arterial progresiva con eventual ruptura o disección. Aproximadamente, 50% de los aneurismas de aorta torácica son ateroscleróticos y ocurren como resultado de remodelado arterial y dilatación o a raíz de un metabolismo anormal del colágeno. La mayoría de los aneurismas de aorta torácica se descubren por casualidad durante la evaluación de otros problemas médicos. La meta del tratamiento de los aneurismas de aorta torácica, es prevenir la muerte debido a su ruptura. El riesgo de ruptura de los no tratados oscila entre 46% a 74% y la tasa de mortalidad por su ruptura es extremadamente alta. Los aneurismas de gran tamaño, en especial aquellos mayores de 6 cm, son más susceptibles de rupturas que los aneurismas de menor tamaño. El tratamiento endovascular, inicialmente desarrollado para los aneurismas de aorta abdominal, se introdujo en 1992 como una alternativa menos invasiva al tratamiento de cirugía abierta para los aneurismas de la aorta torácica descendente. En la actualidad, el injerto de stent endovascular en la aorta descendente o endoprótesis, recibe mayor atención como alternativa al reparo quirúrgico de los aneurismas de aorta torácica. Abstract in english Thoracic aortic aneurysms are less common than abdominal aortic aneurysms and can be found in ascending aorta, aortic arch, descending aorta or in a combination of these segments. 30% to 40% of these aneurysms are originated in thoracic descending aorta. In thoracic aortic aneurysms there exists a s [...] tructural wall weakness that leads to a progressive arterial dilation with eventual rupture or dissection. Approximately 50% of all thoracic aortic aneurysms are atherosclerotic and are the result of arterial restructure and dilation or are due to an abnormal collagen metabolism. Most thoracic aortic aneurysms are only found by chance during other medical problems evaluation. The goal of thoracic aortic aneurysms treatment is the prevention of death due to its rupture. Ruptured risk of untreated aneurysms oscillates between 46% and 74% and mortality rate due to its rupture is extremely high. Large aneurysms, especially when they are greater than 6 cm in diameter are more susceptible of ruptures than smaller aneurysms. Endovascular treatment, initially developed for abdominal aortic aneurysms, was introduced in 1992 as a less invasive alternative to open surgery treatment for descending thoracic aortic aneurysms. Endovascular stent or endoprosthesis is actually getting more attention as an alternative to surgical repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms.

José, Lugo; Luis I, Calderón; Germán, Gómez; Pablo, Castro; Edgar, Hurtado; Gilberto, Estrada; Jaime, Fonseca; Sara, Mendoza; Hernando, Santos; Víctor, Caicedo; Hernando, Orjuela; Mauricio, Abello.

2007-12-01

95

Abdominal aortic aneurysm calcification and thrombus volume are not associated with outcome following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aortic calcification and thrombus have been postulated to worsen outcome following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). The purpose of this study was to assess the association of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) calcification and thrombus volume with outcome following EVAR using a reproducible, quantifiable computed tomography (CT) assessment protocol. Patients with elective EVAR performed between January 2002 and 2012 at the Townsville Hospital, Mater Private Hospital (Townsville) and Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital (RBWH) were included if preoperative CTAs were available for analysis. AAA calcification and thrombus volume were measured using a semiautomated workstation protocol. Outcomes were assessed in terms of clinical failure, endoleak (type I, type II) and reintervention. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Median follow-up was 1.7 years and the interquartile range 1.0-3.8 years. One hundred thirty-four patients undergoing elective EVAR were included in the study. Rates of primary clinical success and freedom from reintervention were 82.8 % and 88.9 % at the 24-month follow-up. AAA calcification and thrombus volume were not associated with clinical failure, type I endoleak, type II endoleak or reintervention. AAA calcification and thrombus volume were not associated with poorer outcome after EVAR in this study. (orig.)

96

Abdominal aortic aneurysm calcification and thrombus volume are not associated with outcome following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

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Aortic calcification and thrombus have been postulated to worsen outcome following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). The purpose of this study was to assess the association of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) calcification and thrombus volume with outcome following EVAR using a reproducible, quantifiable computed tomography (CT) assessment protocol. Patients with elective EVAR performed between January 2002 and 2012 at the Townsville Hospital, Mater Private Hospital (Townsville) and Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital (RBWH) were included if preoperative CTAs were available for analysis. AAA calcification and thrombus volume were measured using a semiautomated workstation protocol. Outcomes were assessed in terms of clinical failure, endoleak (type I, type II) and reintervention. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Median follow-up was 1.7 years and the interquartile range 1.0-3.8 years. One hundred thirty-four patients undergoing elective EVAR were included in the study. Rates of primary clinical success and freedom from reintervention were 82.8 % and 88.9 % at the 24-month follow-up. AAA calcification and thrombus volume were not associated with clinical failure, type I endoleak, type II endoleak or reintervention. AAA calcification and thrombus volume were not associated with poorer outcome after EVAR in this study. (orig.)

Rai, Divyajeet; Velu, Ramesh; Tosenovsky, Patrik; Quigley, Francis [James Cook University, Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Townsville, Queensland (Australia); The Townsville Hospital, Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Douglas (Australia); Wisniowski, Brendan; Walker, Philip J. [James Cook University, Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Townsville, Queensland (Australia); University of Queensland, School of Medicine and Centre for Clinical Research, Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Brisbane and Women' s Hospital, Herston, QLD (Australia); Bradshaw, Barbara [James Cook University, Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Townsville, Queensland (Australia); Golledge, Jonathan [James Cook University, Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Townsville, Queensland (Australia); The Townsville Hospital, Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Douglas (Australia); University of Queensland, School of Medicine and Centre for Clinical Research, Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Brisbane and Women' s Hospital, Herston, QLD (Australia)

2014-08-15

97

Open versus endovascular stent graft repair for abdominal aortic aneurysms: an historical view.  

Science.gov (United States)

Development of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysms repair (EVAR), now in its 4th decade, has involved at least 16 different devices, not counting major modifications of some, only 4 of which have emerged from clinical trials and gained US Food and Drug Administration approval. The main impetus behind EVAR has been its potential for significantly reducing procedural mortality and morbidity, but it was also expected to speed recovery and reduce costs through decreased use of hospital resources. At the outset, EVAR was touted as a better alternative to OPEN in high-risk patients with large abdominal aortic aneurysms, and to "watchful waiting" (periodic ultrasound surveillance) for those with small abdominal aortic aneurysms. This new technology has evoked a mixed response with enthusiasts and detractors debating its pros and cons. Bias and conflict of interest exist on both sides. This review will attempt to present a balanced review of the development and current status of this controversial competition between EVAR and OPEN, comparing them in terms of the following key considerations: mortality and morbidity, complications, failure modes and durability, and costs. PMID:22595481

Rutherford, Robert B

2012-03-01

98

Percutaneous Treatment of Sac Rupture in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms Previously Excluded with Endovascular Repair (EVAR)  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of percutaneous endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) previously treated by EVAR. In the last year, two male patients with AAAs, treated 8 and 23 months ago with bifurcated stent-graft, were observed because of lumbar pain and hemorragic shock. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) showed a retroperitoneal hematoma; in both cases a type III endoleak was detected, in one case associated with a type II endoleak from the iliolumbar artery. The procedures were performed in the theater, in emergency. Type II endoleak was treated with transcatheter superselective glue injection; type III endoleaks were excluded by a stent-graft extension. The procedures were successful in both patients, with immediate hemodynamic stabilization. MDCT after the procedure showed complete exclusion of the aneurysms. In conclusion, endovascular treatment is a safe and feasible option for the treatment of ruptured AAAs previously treated by EVAR; this approach allows avoidance of surgical conversion, which is technical very challenging, with a high morbidity and mortality rate.

99

Treatment of Type II Endoleaks After Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Transcaval Approach  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of the note is to describe a new technique for type II endoleak treatment, using an alternative approach through femoral venous access. Three patients who developed type II endoleak after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm were treated with direct transcaval puncture and embolization inside the aneurysm sac. The detailed technique is described. All patients were treated without any complications and discharged 48 hours after the treatment. At 1 month follow-up the computed tomograph scan did not show a recurrence of a type II endoleak. The management of patients with type II endoleak is a controversial issue and different techniques have been proposed. We suggest an alternative technique for type II endoleak treatment. The feasibility and the advantages of this approach can offer new possibilities for the diagnosis as well as for the treatment of this complication

100

Doses to patients and staff from endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms - Preliminary results  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Patient radiation doses received during endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) can be significant and give rise to both deterministic and stochastic effects. Recording of dose-area product (DAP), fluoroscopy time and number of exposures together with calculations of effective dose, were performed for 8 patients. In addition, the entrance surface dose was measured for 3 of the patients. Typically, DAPs of 340 Gycm2, fluoroscopy times of 30 minutes and 310 exposures were obtained together with maximum entrance surface doses of 1,8 Gy and effective doses of 50 mSv. Finger doses to the staff performing the procedure were in the order of a few hundred ?Sv. Conversion factors (effective dose/DAP) and (maximum entrance surface does/DAP) of 0,61·10-2 Gy/Gycm2 and 0,15 mSv/Gycm2 were obtained, respectively. (author)

 
 
 
 
101

Management of endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm with neck bigger than sixty degrees  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To study the possibility and the feasibility of endovascular exclusion (EVE) in treating abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and expanding its application extent. Methods: Perform a modified technical procedure for AAA with neck bigger than sixty degree through bundle up or put in Cuff manoeuvre and follow by EVE. Results: AAA with neck bigger than sixty degree are completely excluded after the procedure revealing under color duplex scan, CTA, MRA with confirmations of the stent stability torsionlessness and no endo-leak. Conclusions: It is a safe, feasible method for EVE to treat AAA with neck bigger than sixty degree. Its characteristic mini-trauma is specially suitable for the old and weak patients

102

A simple booklet for patient follow-up after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair procedures.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair (EVAR) procedures require lifelong patient surveillance for the detection of complications (eg, endoleaks or graft migration). This follow-up may be suboptimal. Between November 2010 and November 2011, a follow-up booklet was provided at hospital discharge to 42 consecutive patients undergoing EVAR for an infrarenal AAA. Each patient was given specific instructions for completion of the booklet at each follow-up examination whether this took place at our hospital or elsewhere. After a mean follow-up of 7 ± 3 months, all patients had fully complied with the instructions. This booklet may be useful for patients who find it difficult to attend follow-up appointments. Additionally, this booklet is useful for patients who move to another town/country or in cases of emergency when patients are admitted to another hospital. PMID:22323834

Antoniadis, Pavlos N; Kyriakidis, Konstantinos D; Paraskevas, Kosmas I

2012-11-01

103

Penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer of the abdominal aorta involving the celiac trunk origin and superior mesenteric artery occlusion: endovascular treatment.  

Science.gov (United States)

We describe a case of endovascular treatment in a 64-year-old woman affected by a penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer (PAU) of the abdominal aorta with a 26-mm pseudoaneurysm involving the celiac trunk (CT) origin and with superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion in the first 30 mm. The patient underwent stenting to treat the SMA occlusion and subsequent deployment of a custom-designed fenestrated endovascular stent-graft to treat the PAU involving the CT origin. Follow-up at 6 months after device placement demonstrated no complications, and there was complete thrombosis of the PAU and patency of the two branch vessels. PMID:21103874

Ferro, Carlo; Rossi, Umberto G; Petrocelli, Francesco; Seitun, Sara; Robaldo, Alessandro; Mazzei, Raffaele

2011-02-01

104

Tratamento endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal em paciente com rim em ferradura: relato de caso / Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm in patient with horseshoe kidney: a case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O rim em ferradura é uma das anomalias urológicas congênitas mais comuns e está presente em cerca de 0,12% dos pacientes com aneurisma de aorta abdominal. O reparo cirúrgico convencional está associado a dificuldades técnicas que provavelmente aumentam a morbidade e a mortalidade, mas que podem ser [...] evitadas com o tratamento endovascular. Relatamos um caso de um paciente de 64 anos com rim em ferradura e aneurisma de aorta abdominal, que foi submetido ao reparo endovascular do aneurisma com sucesso. Abstract in english The horseshoe kidney is one of the most common urologic anomalies and is present in about 0,12% of the patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm. The conventional surgical repair is associated with technical difficulties that probably increase morbidity and mortality, but can be averted by the endovas [...] cular treatment. We report a case of a 64-year-old patient with horseshoe kidney and abdominal aortic aneurysm, who underwent endovascular repair with success.

José Manoel da Silva, Silvestre; Gustavo Teixeira Fulton, Schimit; Wander Eduardo, Sardinha; Guilherme da Silva, Silvestre; Guilon Otávio Santos, Tenório; Fernando Barbosa, Trevisan.

2013-03-01

105

Tratamiento endovascular de aneurismas cerebrales asintomáticos: análisis de una serie de 118 casos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo. Analizar los resultados de una serie de aneurismas cerebrales asintomáticos tratados mediante técnica endovascular y discutir las indicaciones del tratamiento. Material y método. Se realizó un análisis retrospectivo descriptivo de una serie de 96 pacientes con 118 aneurismas de hallazgo in [...] cidental que fueron abordados por vía endovascular para la embolización del aneurisma con espirales ("coils") o con técnica de "coils" asistida por encamisado ("stent"), en un período de cuatro y medio años. Resultados. Ciento quince aneurismas pudieron ser tratados con una tasa de oclusión suficiente para prevenir el sangrado del 78%, observándose en 15 (12.7%) de los procedimientos complicaciones que causaron morbilidad definitiva en 3 (3.1%) pacientes y mortalidad en dos (2.1%). Uno (0.8%) de los aneurismas sangró a la hora post procedimiento. Conclusión. La embolización de aneurismas no rotos esta asociada a baja morbilidad y mortalidad en comparación con comunicaciones recientes referidas a historia natural y resultados de la cirugía convencional. De todas maneras la decisión de tratar un aneurisma incidental dependerá de cada caso en particular y habrá que tener en cuenta los factores dependientes del paciente, (edad, estado clínico y la perspectiva de vida del mismo), factores inherentes al aneurisma (tamaño, forma, localización y crecimiento del mismo) así como también factores inherentes al equipo tratante (experiencia y resultados) Abstract in english Objective. To analyze results in a series of unruptured aneurysms treated with endovascular technique and discuss the indication for treatment. Material and methods. Retrospective analysis of a series of 118 unruptured aneurysms in 96 patients treated by embolization with coils or stent assisted coi [...] ls during four and a half year period. Results. One hundred and fifteen aneurysms were successfully embolized with 78% of total or almost total occlusion rate. Fifteen procedural (12.7%) complications occurred causing definite mobidity in 3 (3.1%) patients and two (2.1%) deaths. One of the embolized aneurysms (0.8%) bled one hour after the precedure. Conclusion. Embolization of unruptured aneurysms is associated to low morbidity and mortality rates in comparison with most recent reports on natural history and open surgery results. Anyhow treatment indication will depend on the analysis of patient qualification (age, clinical status, life expectancy), aneurysm characteristics (size, shape, location and growth rate) as well as surgical team experience.

Miguel, Robles; Luis, Lemme-Plaghos; Silvia, Garbugino; Walter, Casagrande; Julio, Fernández.

2009-03-01

106

Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Single Center Experience in 122 Patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To analyze a single center experience of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms. Results of 122 patients who underwent EVAR were analyzed, retrospectively. Sex, age, aneurysmal morphology, hostile neck anatomy, preprocedural and postprocedural sac-diameter, technical and clinical success, postprocedural complication and need of additional procedure were analyzed. A total of 111 male and 11 female patients were included. Morphology of the aneurysms was as follows: fusiform (n = 108), saccular (n = 3) and ruptured type (n = 11). Sixty-four patients had hostile neck anatomy. The preprocedural mean sac-diameter was 52.4 mm. Postprocedural sac-diameter was decreased or stable in 110 patients (90.2%) and increased in 8 patients (6.6%). Technical success rate was 100% and clinical success rate was 86.1%. Fifty-one patients showed endoleak (41.8%) and 15 patients (12.3%) underwent secondary intervention due to type I endoleak (n = 4), type II endoleak (n = 4) and stent-graft thrombosis (n = 7). EVAR is a safe and effective therapy for abdominal aortic aneurysm, and it has high technical success and clinical success rate, and low complication rate.

107

Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Single Center Experience in 122 Patients  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To analyze a single center experience of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms. Results of 122 patients who underwent EVAR were analyzed, retrospectively. Sex, age, aneurysmal morphology, hostile neck anatomy, preprocedural and postprocedural sac-diameter, technical and clinical success, postprocedural complication and need of additional procedure were analyzed. A total of 111 male and 11 female patients were included. Morphology of the aneurysms was as follows: fusiform (n = 108), saccular (n = 3) and ruptured type (n = 11). Sixty-four patients had hostile neck anatomy. The preprocedural mean sac-diameter was 52.4 mm. Postprocedural sac-diameter was decreased or stable in 110 patients (90.2%) and increased in 8 patients (6.6%). Technical success rate was 100% and clinical success rate was 86.1%. Fifty-one patients showed endoleak (41.8%) and 15 patients (12.3%) underwent secondary intervention due to type I endoleak (n = 4), type II endoleak (n = 4) and stent-graft thrombosis (n = 7). EVAR is a safe and effective therapy for abdominal aortic aneurysm, and it has high technical success and clinical success rate, and low complication rate.

Lee, Yun Young; Song, Jang Hyeon; Kim, Yong Tae; Yim, Nam Yeol; Kim, Jae Kyu; Lee, Ho Kyun; Choi, Soo Jin Na; Chung, Sang Young [Dept. of Radiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Chonnam National University School of Medicine, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Soo Hyun; Chang, Nam Kyu [Dept. of Radiology, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Chonnam National University School of Medicine, Hwasun (Korea, Republic of)

2013-02-15

108

Endovascular Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Reduces Postoperative Blood Endotoxin Levels Assayed by the EAA Method Compared with Open Abdominal Surgery  

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Full Text Available Introduction: We hypothesized to demonstrate whether there are significant differences in blood endotoxin (Et levels after abdominal aortic surgery between endovascular aortic repair (EVAR and open abdominal surgery. Methods: The patients who underwent the surgical treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm were divided into two groups according to the procedures: open abdomen surgery (OP and EVAR (SG. The value of Endotoxin Activity Assay (EAA was compared between groups. Results: After surgery, Et level was significantly higher in the OP group than in the SG group on postoperative day 3. Neutrophil count was significantly higher in the OP group immediately after treatment, but no significant difference was seen thereafter. There were no differences between the groups in other inflammatory markers. Conclusions: This study indicated that EVAR was less invasive compared to an open abdominal surgery from the standpoint of assessing postoperative endotoxin activity (EA levels measured by EAA.

Atsumi Ohishi

2014-06-01

109

[Hybrid endovascular repair with reconstruction of superior mesenteric and celiac arteries for thoracoabdominal and abdominal aortic aneurysms].  

Science.gov (United States)

A 79-year-old woman presented with sustained thoracolumbar back pain. Contrasted computed tomography (CT) showed a thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA: type I of Crawford classification) and an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) that were not ruptured. Considering her age, the placement of an endovascular stent graft was performed for TAAA at the possible sacrifice of the celiac (CA) and superior mesenteric arteries (SMA). In order to prevent ischemic events, it was necessary that blood supply to the CA and SMA was maintained by placing a graft to each artery from the Y-shaped graft for replacement of AAA. Actually, only CA was sacrificed and coil embolization of CA was needed because of type 2 endoleak. The patient was discharged 17 days after surgery. A hybrid technique, endovascular repair with reconstruction of abdominal branches for TAAA and AAA, can be an alternative procedure for such high-risk operation with multiple aortic aneurysms including TAAA. PMID:22242294

Nakao, Yoshihisa; Mitsuoka, Hiroshi; Furuya, Hidekazu; Shintani, Tsunehiro; Higashi, Shigeki

2011-12-01

110

Outcomes and Prognostic Factors of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in Patients with Hostile Neck Anatomy  

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To evaluate the outcomes and find the prognostic factors of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) in patients with hostile neck anatomy of the abdominal aorta. This study was performed on 100 patients with abdominal aneurysm who were treated with EVAR between March 2006 and December 2010. We divided the patients into two groups: good neck anatomy (GNA), and hostile neck anatomy (HNA) and then compared the primary success rate and the incidence rate of complications with EVAR between the two groups. Our aim was to determine the factors related to the complications of EVAR among HNA types. There were no significant differences of primary success rate and incidence rate of complications between the two groups. Among the types of HNA, the short neck angle [odd ratio (OR), 4.23; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.21-18.70; p = 0.023] and large neck angle (OR, 2.58; 95% CI, 0.15-11.85; p = 0.031) showed a low primary success rate. The short neck angle (OR, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.18-12.29; p = 0.002) and large neck angle (OR, 4.67; 95% CI, 0.14-19.07; p = 0.032) showed a high incidence rate of early type 1 complication. In the case of the large neck angle (OR, 3.78; 95% CI, 0.96-20.80; p = 0.047), the large neck thrombus (OR, 2.23; 95% CI, 0.24-7.12; p = 0.035) and large neck calcification (OR, 2.50; 95% CI, 0.08-18.37; p 0.043) showed a high incidence rate of complications within a year. The results suggest that patients with hostile neck anatomy can be treated with EVAR successfully, although there was a higher incidence of complications in patients with a short neck length, severe neck angulation, circumferential thrombosis, and calcified proximal neck.

Jung, Hye Doo; Lee, Yun Young; Lee, Seung Jin; Yim, Nam Yeol; Kim, Jae Kyu; Choi, Soo Jin Na; Jung, Sang Young [Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Chang, Nam Kyu [Dept. of Radiology, St. Carollo Hospital, Suncheon (Korea, Republic of); Lim, Jae Hoon [Dept. of Radiology, Donggunsan Hospital, Gunsan (Korea, Republic of)

2012-09-15

111

Low-dose multidetector-row CT-angiography of abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular repair  

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Purpose: To investigate the possibility of reducing radiation dose exposure while maintaining image quality using multidetector computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) with high-concentration contrast media in patients undergoing follow-up after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) to treat abdominal aortic aneurysm. Materials and methods: In this prospective, single center, intra-individual study, patients underwent two consecutive MDCTA scans 6 months apart, one with a standard acquisition protocol (130 mAs/120 kV) and 120 mL of iomeprol 300, and one using a low dose protocol (100 mAs/80 kV) and 90 mL of iomeprol 400. Images acquired during the arterial phase of contrast enhancement were evaluated both qualitatively and quantitatively for image noise and intraluminal contrast enhancement. Results: Thirty adult patients were prospectively enrolled. Statistically significantly higher attenuation values were measured in the low-dose acquisition protocol compared to the standard protocol, from the suprarenal abdominal aorta to the common femoral artery (p < 0.0001; all vascular segments). Qualitatively, image quality was judged significantly (p = 0.0002) better with the standard protocol than with the low-dose protocol. However, no significant differences were found between the two protocols in terms of contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) (13.63 {+-} 6.97 vs. 11.48 {+-} 8.13; p = 0.1058). An overall dose reduction of up to 74% was observed for the low-dose protocol compared with the standard protocol. Conclusion: In repeat follow-up examinations of patients undergoing EVAR for abdominal aortic aneurysm, a low-dose radiation exposure acquisition protocol provides substantially reduced radiation exposure while maintaining a constant CNR and good image quality.

Iezzi, R., E-mail: iezzir@virgilio.it [Department of Bioimaging and Radiological Sciences, Institute of Radiology, ' A. Gemelli' Hospital - Catholic University, L.go A Gemelli 8, 00168 Rome (Italy); Department of Clinical Science and Bioimaging, Section of Radiology, University ' G. D' Annunzio' , Chieti (Italy); Cotroneo, A.R.; Giammarino, A. [Department of Clinical Science and Bioimaging, Section of Radiology, University ' G. D' Annunzio' , Chieti (Italy); Spigonardo, F. [Department of Vascular Surgery, University ' G. D' Annunzio' , Chieti (Italy); Storto, M.L. [Department of Clinical Science and Bioimaging, Section of Radiology, University ' G. D' Annunzio' , Chieti (Italy)

2011-07-15

112

Early inflammatory response following elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: A comparison between endovascular procedure and conventional, open surgery  

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Background/Aim. Abdominal aorta aneurysm (AAA) represents a pathological enlargment of infrarenal portion of aorta for over 50% of its lumen. The only treatment of AAA is a surgical reconstruction of the affected segment. Until the late XX century, surgical reconstruction implied explicit, open repair (OR) of AAA, which was accompanied by a significant morbidity and mortality of the treated patients. Development of endovascular repair of (EVAR) AAA, especially in the last decade, offere...

Marjanovi? Ivan; Jevti? Miodrag; Mišovi? Sidor; Vojvodi? Danilo; Zoranovi? Uroš; Rusovi? Siniša; Šarac Momir; Stanojevi? Ivan

2011-01-01

113

Aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal: correção endovascular combinada com derivação ilíaco-renal direita para criar colo proximal adequado / Juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm: combined endovascular and open repair with right iliorenal bypass to create adequate proximal neck  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Homem de 78 anos de idade, portador de múltiplas morbidades clínicas deu entrada na emergência com um aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal em condições hemodinâmicas estáveis. A tomografia computadorizada caracterizou aneurisma de 6 cm de diâmetro, e a distância do colo proximal do aneurisma era [...] de 5 mm em relação à artéria renal direita e 28 mm à esquerda. Em virtude das condições clínicas do paciente, optou-se pelo reparo endovascular, mas previamente fez-se uma derivação ilíaco-renal direita com enxerto de politetrafluoretileno, via retroperitoneal para se criar um colo proximal adequado. Após quatro dias, o aneurisma de aorta abdominal foi corrigido colocando-se uma endoprótese Excluder® sem intercorrências. O seguimento pós-operatório evidenciou boa perfusão do rim esquerdo e ausência de migração ou endoleak da endoprótese. Este caso ilustra a combinação de técnicas para tornar possível o reparo de aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico e anatomia desfavorável. Abstract in english A 78-year-old man with a juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm and several comorbid conditions was admitted at the emergency room in hemodynamically stable conditions. Computed tomography revealed an aneurysm measuring 6 cm in diameter beginning 28 mm below the left renal artery and 5 mm below the ri [...] ght renal artery. Because of the patient's clinical status, a bypass from the right iliac artery to the right renal artery was performed through a retroperitoneal approach using a polytetrafluoroethylene vascular graft. Four days later, an endovascular aneurysm repair was successfully performed using an Excluder® stent-graft. Postoperative follow-up showed good left renal perfusion and no migration or endoleak. This case illustrates the effectiveness of combining open and endovascular techniques to repair juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in high-risk patients with unfavorable anatomy.

Matheus, Bredarioli; Marcelo Bellini, Dalio; Cleber Aparecido Pita, Bezerra; Carlos Eli, Piccinato; Jesualdo, Cherri.

2007-06-01

114

Aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal: correção endovascular combinada com derivação ilíaco-renal direita para criar colo proximal adequado Juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm: combined endovascular and open repair with right iliorenal bypass to create adequate proximal neck  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Homem de 78 anos de idade, portador de múltiplas morbidades clínicas deu entrada na emergência com um aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal em condições hemodinâmicas estáveis. A tomografia computadorizada caracterizou aneurisma de 6 cm de diâmetro, e a distância do colo proximal do aneurisma era de 5 mm em relação à artéria renal direita e 28 mm à esquerda. Em virtude das condições clínicas do paciente, optou-se pelo reparo endovascular, mas previamente fez-se uma derivação ilíaco-renal direita com enxerto de politetrafluoretileno, via retroperitoneal para se criar um colo proximal adequado. Após quatro dias, o aneurisma de aorta abdominal foi corrigido colocando-se uma endoprótese Excluder® sem intercorrências. O seguimento pós-operatório evidenciou boa perfusão do rim esquerdo e ausência de migração ou endoleak da endoprótese. Este caso ilustra a combinação de técnicas para tornar possível o reparo de aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico e anatomia desfavorável.A 78-year-old man with a juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm and several comorbid conditions was admitted at the emergency room in hemodynamically stable conditions. Computed tomography revealed an aneurysm measuring 6 cm in diameter beginning 28 mm below the left renal artery and 5 mm below the right renal artery. Because of the patient's clinical status, a bypass from the right iliac artery to the right renal artery was performed through a retroperitoneal approach using a polytetrafluoroethylene vascular graft. Four days later, an endovascular aneurysm repair was successfully performed using an Excluder® stent-graft. Postoperative follow-up showed good left renal perfusion and no migration or endoleak. This case illustrates the effectiveness of combining open and endovascular techniques to repair juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in high-risk patients with unfavorable anatomy.

Matheus Bredarioli

2007-06-01

115

Predictors of adverse events after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: A meta-analysis of case reports  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is a life-saving intervention. Nevertheless, complications have a major impact. We review the evidence from case reports for risk factors of complications after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Case presentation We selected case reports from PubMed reporting original data on adverse events after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Extracted risk factors were: age, sex, aneurysm diameter, comorbidities, re-interventions, at least one follow-up visit being missed or refusal of a re-intervention by the patient. Extracted outcomes were: death, rupture and (non-device-related complications. In total 113 relevant articles were selected. These reported on 173 patients. A fatal outcome was reported in 15% (N = 26 of which 50% came after an aneurysm rupture (N = 13. Non-fatal aneurysm rupture occurred in 15% (N = 25. Endoleaks were reported in 52% of the patients (N = 90. In half of the patients with a rupture no prior endoleak was discovered during follow-up. In 83% of the patients one or more re-interventions were performed (N = 143. Mortality was higher among women (risk ratio 2.9; 95% confidence interval 1.4 to 6.0, while the presence of comorbidities was strongly associated with both ruptures (risk ratio 1.6; 95% confidence interval 0.9 to 2.9 and mortality (risk ratio 2.1; 95% confidence interval 1.0 to 4.7. Missing one or more follow-up visits (?1 or refusal of a re-intervention by the patient was strongly related to both ruptures (risk ratio 4.7; 95% confidence interval 3.1 to 7.0 and mortality (risk ratio 3.8; 95% confidence interval 1.7 to 8.3. Conclusion Female gender, the presence of comorbidities and at least one follow-up visit being missed or refusal of a re-intervention by the patient appear to increase the risk for mortality after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Larger aneurysm diameter, higher age and multimorbidity at the time of surgery appear to increase the risk for rupture and other complications after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. These risk factors deserve further attention in future studies.

Schlösser Felix JV

2008-09-01

116

Manejo del aneurisma de la aorta abdominal: Estado actual, evidencias y perspectivas para el desarrollo de un programa nacional Open and endovascular surgery for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurism: Review of the available evidence  

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Full Text Available Open and endovascular surgery are therapeutic alternatives for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurism. The development of guidelines for its treatment requires a thorough analysis of available evidence to recommend the best treatment for each country's reality. Prospective randomized trials have shown best initial results with endovascular surgery, with higher hospital costs than open surgery. The requirement of anatomical suitability for the placement of endovascular prostheses limits the universal use of endovascular surgery. Moreover, this type of surgery needs a strict imaging and clinical follow up due to the high rates of late complications, which range from 20% to 40%. Many of these complications require further surgical interventions, elevating costs of treatment. The initial benefit of endovascular surgery is lost during long follow up as survival curves become similar to those of open surgery. Even for patients with a high surgical risk, the benefits of endovascular surgery are doubtful.

Leopoldo Mariné M

2009-08-01

117

Endovascular therapy of abdominal aortic aneurysm: results of a mid-term follow-up  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Prospective study to evaluate clinical results and complications of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment in a mid-term follow-up. Materials and methods: A total of 122 patients (9 females, 113 males, average age 70.0±7,9 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with stent grafts (53 Vanguard or Stentor endografts, 69 Talent endografts). Group I consisted of 40 patients who had all aortic tributaries of the aneurysm sac occluded prior to endovalscular grafting, either spontaneously by parietal thrombosis or by selective coil embolization of the respective ostia preserving collateral circulation distal to the vessel occlusion. Group II consisted of 82 patients and included all cases without or with incomplete coil embolization with at least one patent vessel. Stent grafting was performed in general anesthesia in the first 21 patients, followed by peridural anesthesia in 15 cases, and local anesthesia with conscious sedation in 86 cases. The results were evaluated with Spiral-CT, MRI and radiographs of the endovascular graft, with follow-up examinations obtained at 3, 6, 12 months, and every year - Implantation was successfully completed in all cases without primary conversion surgery, laparotomy or any significant complication. Mean follow-up was 29±21 months (maximum 82 months). The 30-day mortality was 0,8% due to a myocardial infarction 3 days after discharge from the hospital. A total of 47 re-interventions were performed in 29 patients (23.tions were performed in 29 patients (23.8%), with 35 re-interventions in 18 cases with Vanguard or Stentor endografts and 12 re-interventions in 11 patients with Talent endografts. 23 percutaneous re-interventions included distal graft extension (n=11), Wallstent for kinking and limb stenosis (n=3), and secondary coil embolization of collateral vessels (n=9). 24 surgical re-interventions included proximal graft extension (n=6), new endovascular grafts (n=3), surgical clipping of lumbar and mesenteric artery branches for type-II endoleaks following ineffective secondary coil embolization (n=1), and femorofemoral crossover bypasses (n=4). A total of 10 secondary conversion operations were performed because of damage to the membrane (n=4; 3 Vanguard endografts, 1 Talent endograft), significant caudal migrations (n=5; 4 Vanguard endografts, 1 Talent endograft) associated with type-I endoleaks (n=2), limb occlusion (n=1), disconnection of graft components (n=1), and significant endoluminal thrombus deposits (n=1). One patient, who was followed for 82 months, suffered from a significant endoleak for 10 months with increasing aneurysm diameter but he refused surgery. He was admitted with aneurysm perforation and was successfully operated with aortic graft replacement. Compared to group II, the incidence and size of endoleaks was reduced in group I (incidence 19.2% versus 29.9%, p<0.05). Group I demonstrated significantly better aneurysm shrinkage at 36 months follow-up (? sagittal diameter -11.1±8.4 mm versus -4.9±6.2 mm, p<0.05). (orig.)

118

Tratamiento endovascular de la disección aórtica tipo B mediante endoprótesis / Endovascular treatment of type B aortic dissection  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: Dissections that involve the ascending aorta are classified as type A, regardless of the site of the primary intimal tear, and all other dissections as type B. Type B dissections can have fatal ischemic and hemorrhagic complications. In the chronic state, dilatation and rupture can be mo [...] rtal. Endovascular surgery is a therapeutic alternative, considering the high rate of complications of conventional surgery Aim: To report the results of endovascular treatment of type B aortic dissection. Material and methods: Report of 36 treated patients (30 males) aged 43 to 87 years, with a type B aortic dissection. Seventy eight percent were hypertensive and 39% smoked. The diagnosis was conñrmed by CAT sean. Acute patients were treated for complications and chronic patients, for dilatation. In the operating room, an endoprothesis was placed through the femoral artery, to cover the tear. The tear was located and the lumens were differentiated using angiography and transesophageal echocardiography. Results: All procedures were successful. In 16 acute dissections the indications were malperfusion syndrome or unmanageable hypertension in seven patients and imminent rupture or persistent pain in nine. Twenty chronic patients were operated due to dilatation (mean 6 cm). One patient died due to cardiac failure. One patient had a transient paraparesia and two had pulmonary embolism. No patient died in a follow up períod ranging from 2.5 to 74 months. Four patients required a new aortic endovascular procedure due to progressive dilatation or endoleak. Conclusión: Endovascular treatment of type B aortic dissection has good immediate andlong term results.

Renato, Mertens M; Ivette, Arriagada J; Francisco, Valdés E; Albrecht, Krämer Sch; Leopoldo, Mariné M; Michel, Bergoeing R; Sandra, Braun J; Iván, Godoy J; Samuel, Córdova A; Alvaro, Huete G; Jeannette, Vergara G; Claudia, Carvajal N.

1431-14-01

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Tratamiento endovascular de la disección aórtica tipo B mediante endoprótesis Endovascular treatment of type B aortic dissection  

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Full Text Available Background: Dissections that involve the ascending aorta are classified as type A, regardless of the site of the primary intimal tear, and all other dissections as type B. Type B dissections can have fatal ischemic and hemorrhagic complications. In the chronic state, dilatation and rupture can be mortal. Endovascular surgery is a therapeutic alternative, considering the high rate of complications of conventional surgery Aim: To report the results of endovascular treatment of type B aortic dissection. Material and methods: Report of 36 treated patients (30 males aged 43 to 87 years, with a type B aortic dissection. Seventy eight percent were hypertensive and 39% smoked. The diagnosis was conñrmed by CAT sean. Acute patients were treated for complications and chronic patients, for dilatation. In the operating room, an endoprothesis was placed through the femoral artery, to cover the tear. The tear was located and the lumens were differentiated using angiography and transesophageal echocardiography. Results: All procedures were successful. In 16 acute dissections the indications were malperfusion syndrome or unmanageable hypertension in seven patients and imminent rupture or persistent pain in nine. Twenty chronic patients were operated due to dilatation (mean 6 cm. One patient died due to cardiac failure. One patient had a transient paraparesia and two had pulmonary embolism. No patient died in a follow up períod ranging from 2.5 to 74 months. Four patients required a new aortic endovascular procedure due to progressive dilatation or endoleak. Conclusión: Endovascular treatment of type B aortic dissection has good immediate andlong term results.

Renato Mertens M

2008-11-01

120

Endovascular Treatment of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Lesions With or Without Common Iliac Artery Involvement  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To evaluate the results of stent placement for obstructive atherosclerotic aortic disease with or without involvement of the common iliac artery. Forty patients had self-expanding stents primarily or after balloon dilatation in the abdominal aorta between January 2005 and May 2011. All patients had trouble walking. Follow-up examinations were performed with clinical visits; these included color Doppler ultrasonography and computed tomographic angiography. Technical, clinical, and hemodynamic success was achieved in all patients. None of the patients underwent reintervention during the follow-up period, which ranged from 3 months to 6 years (median 24 months). Nine complications occurred in six patients. Of the nine complications, four were distal thromboembolisms, which were successfully treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis or anticoagulation therapy. Endovascular treatment of the obstructive aortic disease using self-expanding stents was safe and effective, with high technical success and long-term patency. Thromboembolic complications were high even though direct stenting was considered protective for thromboembolism formation. Particularly for infrarenal aortic stenosis, it can be recommended as the first-line treatment option for patients with obstructive atherosclerotic aortic disease.

Oender, Hakan, E-mail: drhakanonder@hotmail.com [Dicle University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Oguzkurt, Levent [Baskent University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Guer, Serkan [Sifa University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Tekbas, Gueven [Dicle University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Guerel, Kamil [Abant Izzet Baysal University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Coskun, Isa [Baskent University Medical Faculty, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Turkey); Oezkan, Ugur [Baskent University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey)

2013-02-15

 
 
 
 
121

Endovascular Treatment of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Lesions With or Without Common Iliac Artery Involvement  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the results of stent placement for obstructive atherosclerotic aortic disease with or without involvement of the common iliac artery. Forty patients had self-expanding stents primarily or after balloon dilatation in the abdominal aorta between January 2005 and May 2011. All patients had trouble walking. Follow-up examinations were performed with clinical visits; these included color Doppler ultrasonography and computed tomographic angiography. Technical, clinical, and hemodynamic success was achieved in all patients. None of the patients underwent reintervention during the follow-up period, which ranged from 3 months to 6 years (median 24 months). Nine complications occurred in six patients. Of the nine complications, four were distal thromboembolisms, which were successfully treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis or anticoagulation therapy. Endovascular treatment of the obstructive aortic disease using self-expanding stents was safe and effective, with high technical success and long-term patency. Thromboembolic complications were high even though direct stenting was considered protective for thromboembolism formation. Particularly for infrarenal aortic stenosis, it can be recommended as the first-line treatment option for patients with obstructive atherosclerotic aortic disease.

122

The experimental study of treating the cystiform abdominal aneurysms by homemade TiNi shape memory mesh endovascular stents  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To develop the homemade TiNi shape memory mesh endovascular stent and to observe its therapeutic effect on the abdominal aneurysm. Methods: Thirty-two healthy mongrel dogs were randomly divided into 4 groups according to the designed standard. There were 8 dogs in each group. The models of abdominal aneurysm were created by surgery. The stents were implanted to treat the aneurysms after 14 days. All dogs were underwent monthly CT scanning until 6 months. All of them were sacrificed after abdominal aortography. Results; Within 6 months, CT scanning and abdominal aortography showed that the sacs were persistently present in Group I (control). Through CT scanning and abdominal aortography, the aneurysmal sacs were occluded in the 1 st, 2 nd, 3 rd and 4 th month in group II, respectively. A small sac (less then 1 cm in diameter) was seen in all dogs in group III. The walls of the small sacs were concentrically thickened. A large sac was seen in all dogs in group IV. The abdominal artery was unobstructed in all animals. Conclusion: The homemade TiNi shape memory mesh endovascular stent with the pore size of 4.3 mm2 appears to be a suitable device to instantly exclude the abdominal aneurysms (aneurismal diameter ? 1 cm). The same stent appears to has the possibility in preventing the expansion and postponed rupture of aneurysms (aneurismal diameter > 1 cm but ? 2 cm). It did not have any effect on larger aneurysms (aneurismal diameter ? 3 cm)sms (aneurismal diameter ? 3 cm)

123

Tratamiento endovascular y trombólisis intraarterial en el ictus isquémico agudo Endovascular treatment and intra-arterial thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke  

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Full Text Available Objetivo: Analizar la eficacia y la seguridad de la trombólisis intraarterial y el tratamiento endovascular en pacientes con ictus isquémico agudo. Diseño y ámbito: Estudio prospectivo observacional en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Pacientes: Dieciséis pacientes recibieron tratamiento endovascular. Se recogieron datos epidemiológicos, localización de la oclusión arterial, tiempo desde el ictus al tratamiento, indicación del tratamiento, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale al ingreso y al alta hospitalaria, y complicaciones y evolución funcional por escala de Rankin modificada realizada mediante una encuesta telefónica. Resultados: Diez varones, con una edad media de 59 años (29-74 y una estancia media en la unidad de cuidados intensivos de 6 días (1-33. Siete pacientes requirieron ventilación mecánica. Indicación del tratamiento: 4 casos por fracaso de la trombólisis intravenosa, 5 por oclusión de gran vaso, 2 por estar fuera de la ventana terapéutica, 3 por oclusión de la circulación posterior, uno por estar fuera de la ventana terapéutica y tener, además, una oclusión de gran vaso y uno por contraindicación para la trombólisis intravenosa. Localización de la oclusión: 3 en la circulación posterior y 13 en el territorio carotídeo y sus ramas. El fibrinolítico utilizado fue uroquinasa en dosis de 100.000-600.000 UI. Cuatro pacientes requirieron embolectomía mecánica y 10, implantación de stent. Se obtuvo recanalización completa en 11 pacientes (69% y parcial en 4 (25%. Tres pacientes evolucionaron a muerte encefálica. Seis pacientes (46% tuvieron una buena recuperación (escala de Rankin modificada 10 -tiempo de evolución de 3-6h-, y contraindicacio'n para la trombólisis intravenosa y la oclusión arterial proximal.Objective: Analysis of the safety and efficacy of intra-arterial thrombolysis therapy and endovascular treatment in acute ischemic stroke. Design and area: An observational prospective study in the Intensive Care Unit. Patients and methods: 16 patients had endovascular treatment. Epidemiological data, arterial occlusion site, time between stroke onset and treatment, treatment indication, NIHSS scale at admission and discharge from hospital, complications and functional outcome measured by modified Rankin scale (obtained by telephone survey were collected. Results: Ten male patients with a mean age of 59 years (29-74 were included. The mean stay in the ICU was 6 days (1-33. Seven patients required mechanical ventilation. Treatment indications were: intravenous thrombolysis failure in 4 patients, major vessel occlusion in 5, outside of the therapeutic window in 2, posterior circulation occlusion in 3, outside of the therapeutic window plus major vessel occlusion in 1 and intravenous thrombolysis contraindication in 1. The occlusion site was on posterior circulation in 3 and on carotid territories and branches in 13. Thrombolytic treatment used was Urokinase at a dose of 100,000-600,000IU. Four patients required mechanical embolectomy and 10 stent implantation. Complete recanalization was observed in 11 (69% and partial in 4 (25%. Three evolved to brain death. Six patients (46% had a favorable outcome (modified Rankin scale score 10, evolution time between 3-6h, intravenous thrombolysis contraindication and proximal arterial occlusion.

D. Escudero

2010-09-01

124

Estudo comparativo entre tratamento endovascular e cirurgia convencional na correção eletiva de aneurisma de aorta abdominal: revisão bibliográfica Endovascular elective treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm versus conventional open repair: a comparative study  

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Full Text Available O tratamento eletivo do aneurisma de aorta abdominal é recomendado pela alta morbiletalidade decorrente da eventual ruptura. O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar o reparo endovascular eletivo com a cirurgia aberta e avaliar as mortalidades hospitalar e perioperatória, em 1 ano, por todas as causas e relacionadas ao aneurisma, a permanência hospitalar, as complicações, as taxas de sobrevida, conversão e reintervenção, a durabilidade do enxerto, o custo-benefício e a relação desses dados com o treinamento da equipe médica responsável pelo tratamento. Realizou-se uma revisão da literatura sobre reparo endovascular versus cirurgia convencional. Foram observados vantagem na sobrevivência perioperatória e menor estresse pós-cirúrgico; no entanto, os benefícios iniciais são perdidos por complicações e reintervenções tardias. Trabalhos baseados nas primeiras gerações de endopróteses superestimam as taxas de mortalidade em curto prazo, complicações e reintervenções. A durabilidade do enxerto, a real vantagem na sobrevida e o custo-benefício são incertos, e outros estudos são necessários para o seguimento em longo prazo.The elective treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm is recommended due to the high morbidity and mortality of a possible rupture. The objective of this study was to compare the elective endovascular aneurysm repair with open repair and to analyze the in-hospital and perioperative mortality rate during 1 year related to all causes and to the aneurysm, as well as the postoperative length of hospital stay, complications, survival rates, conversion and reintervention, graft durability, cost-benefit ratio, and relation with the medical team’s experience. A review of the scientific literature about endovascular versus open repair was carried out. We found a higher rate of perioperative survival and less postoperative stress; nevertheless, the initial benefits were lost due to late complications and reinterventions. First-generation endografts overestimated the early results of mortality rates, complications, and reinterventions. Endograft durability, real advantage of survival rates, and cost-benefits are uncertain and further long-term follow-up studies are necessary.

Ana Carolina P. Simão

2009-12-01

125

Tratamiento endovascular de la aorta torácica descendente: Resultados a mediano plazo / Endovascular Treatment of the Descending Thoracic Aorta: Mid-Term Results  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo El propósito de esta publicación es comunicar nuestros resultados inmediatos y a mediano plazo del tratamiento endovascular de la aorta torácica descendente mediante implante de endoprótesis. Material y métodos Entre agosto de 1999 y agosto de 2006, 74 pacientes consecutivos, 53 hombres y 2 [...] 1 mujeres, fueron tratados por vía endovascular con implante de una prótesis autoexpandible. La edad media fue de 60 ± 14,8 años. Las indicaciones para tratamiento fueron disección aguda (n = 8); 11%, disección crónica (n = 31); 42%, hematoma intramural (n = 5); 7%, aneurisma verdadero (n = 17); 23%, úlcera penetrante (n = 4); 5% y seudoaneurisma traumático (n = 9); 12%. Resultados El implante del dispositivo fue exitoso en 73 (98,6%) pacientes; no se requirió conversión quirúrgica en ninguno de ellos. Ningún paciente presentó paraplejía o déficit neurológico. La mortalidad a los 30 días fue del 8,1% (n = 6). La mediana de seguimiento fue de 33,5 meses (rango 1-79) y la sobrevida global fue del 84% (IC 69-92%) y del 91% (IC 77-97%), según se incluyese o no la mortalidad temprana. El 93% (IC 84-97%) de los pacientes estaban libres de complicaciones relacionadas con el procedimiento. La mayoría de las complicaciones ocurrieron durante el primer año de seguimiento. Conclusiones El tratamiento endovascular de la aorta torácica descendente con implante de endoprótesis autoexpandible es factible y seguro. La baja incidencia de eventos en relación con las series quirúrgicas publicadas hace que este procedimiento sea de elección en pacientes seleccionados. Abstract in english Objective The purpose of this paper is to assess and report our immediate and mid-term results with the endoluminal treatment of aneurysmal disease of the descending thoracic aorta, using an endoprosthesis or stent-graft. Material and Methods From August 1999 to August 2006, 74 consecutive patients [...] (53 men and 21 women) were treated with an endovascular self-expanding stent-graft. Their mean age was 60 ± 14.8 years. Indications for treatment were: acute dissection in 8 patients (11%), chronic dissection in 31 patients (42%), intramural hematoma in 5 patients (7%), true aneurysm in 17 patients (23%), penetrating ulcer in 4 patients (5%) and posttraumatic pseudoaneurysm in 9 patients (12%). Results The implant of the device was successful in 73 patients (98.6%); no patient required surgical conversion. There were no cases of paraplegia or neurological deficit. Thirty-day mortality was 8.1% (n = 6). Median follow-up time was 33.5 months (range: 1-79 months) and overall survival was 84% (CI: 69-92%) and 91% (CI: 77-97%), according to whether early mortality was included or not. Ninetythree percent of patients (CI: 84-97%) were free from procedure- related complications. Most complications occurred during the first year of follow-up. Conclusions Endovascular treatment of the descending thoracic aorta with self-expanding stent-grafts is feasible and safe. Based on the low incidence of events reported in the surgical series published, we believe this is the procedure of choice in selected patients.

Hernán G., Bertoni; Mario P., Fava; Germán A., Girella; Cristian, Zgrablich; Pablo, Ruda Vega; Gustavo A., Salvo; Fabián A., Azzari; Gustavo, Andersen; Adrián, Charask; Jorge H., Leguizamón.

2007-04-01

126

Abdominal aortic aneurysm with symptomatic cholelithiasis: report of a case treated by simultaneous endovascular aneurysm repair and laparoscopic cholecystectomy.  

Science.gov (United States)

Asymptomatic cholelithiasis with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is one of few ideal fields for simultaneous "open" repair. In AAA cases with acute lithiasic cholecystitis, the simultaneous open repair is debatable due to increased possibility for prosthetic graft contamination. We report a case of a 78-year-old, ASA IV patient suffering from acute cholecystitis and concomitant (62 mm) AAA. The patient was treated by simultaneous endovascular AAA repair with a bifurcated prosthesis Endurant and laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Operative time was 165 minutes with total blood loss migration. The simultaneous endovascular AAA repair and laparoscopic cholecystectomy seems to be simple, safe, and effective technique and minimized the possibility of local and systemic postoperative complications. PMID:23047410

Pitoulias, Georgios A; Papaziogas, Basilios T; Atmatzidis, Stefanos K; Papadimitriou, Dimitrios K

2012-10-01

127

Avaliação pós-operatória do tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal por angiotomografia com multidetectores Post-operative evaluation of endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms by multidetector computed tomography angiography  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Este estudo tem como objetivo a avaliação pós-operatória do tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal por angiotomografia com multidetectores. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foram analisadas, retrospectivamente, angiotomografias de 166 pacientes (137 homens e 29 mulheres com idade média de 73 anos portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal submetidos a terapêutica endovascular, no período de junho de 2005 a agosto de 2006. Os exames foram feitos em tomógrafo multidetector de 64 canais e os parâmetros adotados foram: colimação, 0,625 mm; pitch, 0,6-1; mAs, 300-400; kV, 120. Em todos os casos foi utilizado meio de contraste iodado não-iônico (350 mg/ml administrado por meio de bomba infusora, com fluxo de 4 ml/s a 5 ml/s e com volume variável de 70 ml a 100 ml. Os exames foram avaliados quanto à presença de complicações. RESULTADOS: Dos 166 exames realizados, 93 pacientes não apresentaram complicações e 73 apresentaram os seguintes achados: endoleak (n=37, trombose circunferencial da endoprótese (n=29, angulação (n=17, coleção no sítio de punção (n=10, migração da prótese (n=7, dissecção dos vasos de acesso (n=7 e oclusão (n=6. CONCLUSÃO: O endoleak foi a complicação mais prevalente em nosso estudo, sendo o tipo II o mais comum.OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at evaluating endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms by multidetector computed tomography angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multidetector computed tomography angiography studies of 166 patients were retrospectively analyzed. The sample included 137 men and 29 women with mean age of 73 years who had undergone endovascular treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm in the period between June 2005 and August 2006. Images were acquired in a 64-channel multidetector tomograph adopting the following parameters: 0.625 mm collimation, pitch 0.6-1, 300-400 mAs, and 120 kV. A nonionic iodinated contrast agent (350 mg/ml was injected by infusion pump at a rate of 4 ml/s to 5 ml/s and a variable amount of 70 ml to 100 ml. The studies were evaluated for the presence of complications. RESULTS: Among the 166 cases, 93 patients did not present complications and 73 presented the following findings: endoleak (n=37, circumferential thrombosis (n =29, angulation (n=17, presence of collection at the puncture site (n=10, graft migration (n=7, dissection of access vessels (n=7 and occlusion (n=6. CONCLUSION: In summary, endoleak was the most prevalent complication in the present series, with type II endoleak being most frequently found.

Fabiana Barroso Thomaz

2008-08-01

128

Avaliação pós-operatória do tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal por angiotomografia com multidetectores / Post-operative evaluation of endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms by multidetector computed tomography angiography  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Este estudo tem como objetivo a avaliação pós-operatória do tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal por angiotomografia com multidetectores. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foram analisadas, retrospectivamente, angiotomografias de 166 pacientes (137 homens e 29 mulheres) com idade mé [...] dia de 73 anos portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal submetidos a terapêutica endovascular, no período de junho de 2005 a agosto de 2006. Os exames foram feitos em tomógrafo multidetector de 64 canais e os parâmetros adotados foram: colimação, 0,625 mm; pitch, 0,6-1; mAs, 300-400; kV, 120. Em todos os casos foi utilizado meio de contraste iodado não-iônico (350 mg/ml) administrado por meio de bomba infusora, com fluxo de 4 ml/s a 5 ml/s e com volume variável de 70 ml a 100 ml. Os exames foram avaliados quanto à presença de complicações. RESULTADOS: Dos 166 exames realizados, 93 pacientes não apresentaram complicações e 73 apresentaram os seguintes achados: endoleak (n=37), trombose circunferencial da endoprótese (n=29), angulação (n=17), coleção no sítio de punção (n=10), migração da prótese (n=7), dissecção dos vasos de acesso (n=7) e oclusão (n=6). CONCLUSÃO: O endoleak foi a complicação mais prevalente em nosso estudo, sendo o tipo II o mais comum. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at evaluating endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms by multidetector computed tomography angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multidetector computed tomography angiography studies of 166 patients were retrospectively analyzed. The sample included 137 [...] men and 29 women with mean age of 73 years who had undergone endovascular treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm in the period between June 2005 and August 2006. Images were acquired in a 64-channel multidetector tomograph adopting the following parameters: 0.625 mm collimation, pitch 0.6-1, 300-400 mAs, and 120 kV. A nonionic iodinated contrast agent (350 mg/ml) was injected by infusion pump at a rate of 4 ml/s to 5 ml/s and a variable amount of 70 ml to 100 ml. The studies were evaluated for the presence of complications. RESULTS: Among the 166 cases, 93 patients did not present complications and 73 presented the following findings: endoleak (n=37), circumferential thrombosis (n =29), angulation (n=17), presence of collection at the puncture site (n=10), graft migration (n=7), dissection of access vessels (n=7) and occlusion (n=6). CONCLUSION: In summary, endoleak was the most prevalent complication in the present series, with type II endoleak being most frequently found.

Fabiana Barroso, Thomaz; Gaudencio Espinosa, Lopez; Edson, Marchiori; Fabio Vargas, Magalhães; Isabela Ferreira de, Magalhães; Iugiro Roberto, Kuroki; Mônica Ferreira, Caramalho; Romeu Côrtes, Domingues.

2008-08-01

129

Tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal em contexto de urgência - experiência do Serviço de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular do Hospital de Santa Marta / Urgent endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm - experience of Hospital Santa Marta  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objectivos: O tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal é uma alternativa à intervenção cirúrgica convencional, aplicável no contexto de urgência. Em casos anatomicamente favoráveis parece existir uma vantagem significativa a curto e médio prazo, pese embora uma maior taxa de re-inter [...] venções. Material e Métodos: Foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva dos registos de procedimentos endovasculares na aorta abdominal em contexto de urgência, desde o ano de 2004. Analisaram-se um total de 47 doentes, dos quais em 4 a técnica revelou-se inexequível. O tempo médio de follow-up foi de 28,5 meses (1 a 60 meses). Resultados: Verificou-se sucesso técnico em 91% dos casos (43/47). Registou-se uma taxa de mortalidade aos 30 dias de 19% (8/43) nos doentes tratados, e de 23% (11/47) com base na intenção de tratar. Dos doentes tratados, 18 apresentavam-se sintomáticos, 25 com rotura estável e 4 com rotura de aneurisma da aorta abdominal hemodinamicamente instável documentada por tomografia computorizada abdominal. O seguimento destes doentes revelou um caso de endoleak tipo I proximal, tratado cirurgicamente através da colocação de um cuff proximal e dois casos de endoleak tipo II que não se associaram a crescimento do aneurisma, pelo que se optou pelo acompanhamento seriado sem tratamento até à data. Conclusões: Os autores concluem que a experiência institucional com o tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal em contexto de urgência é favorável, comparando-se aos resultados publicados em grandes séries. A menor mortalidade e morbilidade associada ao procedimento permite tratar um maior espectro de doentes. O seguimento é fundamental para uma atempada detecção e correcção de complicações. Abstract in english Objectives: The endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms is an alternative to surgical intervention, applicable in emergency situations. In anatomically suitable cases, appears to be a significant advantage in the short and midterm results, despite a higher rate of re-interventions Metho [...] ds: We performed a search in the records of all rEVAR done since the year 2004. We reviewed a total of 47 patients, 4 of which the technique has proved unfeasible. The median follow-up is 28.5 months (1-60 months) Results: There was a technical success in 91% of cases (43/47). The overall mortality at 30 days was 19% (8/43) in treated patients, and considering the intention to treat, the mortality rose to 23% (11/47). In the patients treated, 18 were symptomatic, 25 had a hemodynamically stable rupture and 4 were hemodynamically unstable. The follow-up of these patients has detected a case of proximal type I endoleak, witch was treated surgically by placing a proximal cuff, and two cases of type II endoleak that were not associated with aneurysm growth, and we chose not to treat. Conclusions: The authors conclude that the institutional experience with the endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms in emergency is favourable compared to the results published in large series. The lower mortality and morbidity associated with the procedure allows treating a broader spectrum of patients. Follow-up is essential for a timely detection and correction of complications.

Gonçalo R., Alves; Leonor, Vasconcelos; Hugo, Rodrigues; Sérgio, Eufrásio; Frederico, Gonçalves; João S., Castro; Maria E., Ferreira; João A., Castro; Luís M., Capitão.

2011-06-01

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Tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal em contexto de urgência - experiência do Serviço de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular do Hospital de Santa Marta Urgent endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm - experience of Hospital Santa Marta  

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Full Text Available Objectivos: O tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal é uma alternativa à intervenção cirúrgica convencional, aplicável no contexto de urgência. Em casos anatomicamente favoráveis parece existir uma vantagem significativa a curto e médio prazo, pese embora uma maior taxa de re-intervenções. Material e Métodos: Foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva dos registos de procedimentos endovasculares na aorta abdominal em contexto de urgência, desde o ano de 2004. Analisaram-se um total de 47 doentes, dos quais em 4 a técnica revelou-se inexequível. O tempo médio de follow-up foi de 28,5 meses (1 a 60 meses. Resultados: Verificou-se sucesso técnico em 91% dos casos (43/47. Registou-se uma taxa de mortalidade aos 30 dias de 19% (8/43 nos doentes tratados, e de 23% (11/47 com base na intenção de tratar. Dos doentes tratados, 18 apresentavam-se sintomáticos, 25 com rotura estável e 4 com rotura de aneurisma da aorta abdominal hemodinamicamente instável documentada por tomografia computorizada abdominal. O seguimento destes doentes revelou um caso de endoleak tipo I proximal, tratado cirurgicamente através da colocação de um cuff proximal e dois casos de endoleak tipo II que não se associaram a crescimento do aneurisma, pelo que se optou pelo acompanhamento seriado sem tratamento até à data. Conclusões: Os autores concluem que a experiência institucional com o tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal em contexto de urgência é favorável, comparando-se aos resultados publicados em grandes séries. A menor mortalidade e morbilidade associada ao procedimento permite tratar um maior espectro de doentes. O seguimento é fundamental para uma atempada detecção e correcção de complicações.Objectives: The endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms is an alternative to surgical intervention, applicable in emergency situations. In anatomically suitable cases, appears to be a significant advantage in the short and midterm results, despite a higher rate of re-interventions Methods: We performed a search in the records of all rEVAR done since the year 2004. We reviewed a total of 47 patients, 4 of which the technique has proved unfeasible. The median follow-up is 28.5 months (1-60 months Results: There was a technical success in 91% of cases (43/47. The overall mortality at 30 days was 19% (8/43 in treated patients, and considering the intention to treat, the mortality rose to 23% (11/47. In the patients treated, 18 were symptomatic, 25 had a hemodynamically stable rupture and 4 were hemodynamically unstable. The follow-up of these patients has detected a case of proximal type I endoleak, witch was treated surgically by placing a proximal cuff, and two cases of type II endoleak that were not associated with aneurysm growth, and we chose not to treat. Conclusions: The authors conclude that the institutional experience with the endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms in emergency is favourable compared to the results published in large series. The lower mortality and morbidity associated with the procedure allows treating a broader spectrum of patients. Follow-up is essential for a timely detection and correction of complications.

Gonçalo R. Alves

2011-06-01

131

Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms--6 years of experience with Ella stent-graft system  

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Purpose: Evaluation of 6-year results of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) treatment by Ella stent-grafts with regard to safety and effectivity in relation to morphology of the aneurysm. Methods: From a group of 172 patients with AAA, in whom elective endovascular treatment was considered, 120 of them (69.8%) were found to be suitable for this type of therapy. The bifurcated type of stent-graft was implanted in 97 patients, uniiliacal type in 19 patients and only four patients were found to be suitable for tubular type of stent-graft. Additional necessary procedures (internal iliac artery occlusion or contralateral common iliac artery occlusion in a group of patients with uniiliacal type of stent-graft) were performed surgically during the stent-graft implantation. CT and US controls were performed at 3, 6 and 12 months after implantation, later every 12 months. Results: Primary technical success was achieved in 109 of the 120 patients (91%). Primary endoleak was recorded in 11 patients (primary endoleak type Ia in seven patients, type Ib in three patients and type IIIa in one patient). Assisted technical success after reintervention or spontaneous seal was 98.3%. Surgical conversion was indicated in two patients (1.7%). Perioperative mortality rate was 3.3%. Total average follow-up period was 20.7 months (range from 2 to 60 months). In nine patients (7.5%) secondary endoleak type II was found at control CT or US, in three patients partial thrombosis of the stent-graft nts partial thrombosis of the stent-graft was found. There was no aneurysm rupture during follow-up. Conclusion: Treatment of AAA with Ella stent-graft system is effective and safe. Bifurcated stent-graft is the most frequently used type. Uniiliacal type of stent-graft is used by us only in cases of complicated morphology

132

Type II Endoleak After Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Effectiveness of Embolization  

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The purpose of this study was to report our experience in treating type II endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Two hundred eighteen patients underwent EVAR with a Zenith stent-graft from January 2000 to December 2005. During a follow-up period of 4.5 ± 2.3 years, solely type II endoleak was detected in 47 patients (22%), and 14 of them underwent secondary interventions to correct this condition. Ten patients had transarterial embolization, and four patients had translumbar/transabdominal embolization. The embolization materials used were coils, thrombin, gelatin, Onyx (ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer), and glue. Disappearance of the endoleak without enlargement of the aneurysm sac after the first secondary intervention was achieved in only five of these patients (5/13). One patient without surveillance imaging was excluded from analyses of clinical success. After additional interventions in four patients and the spontaneous disappearance of type II endoleak in two patients, overall clinical success was achieved in eight patients (8/12). One patient did not have surveillance imaging after the second secondary intervention. Clinical success after the first secondary intervention was achieved in two patients (2/9) in the transarterial embolization group and three patients (3/4) in the translumbar embolization group. The results of secondary interventions for type II endoleak are unsatisfactory. Although the small number ofatisfactory. Although the small number of patients included in this study prevents reliable comparisons between groups, the results seem to favor direct translumbar embolization in comparison to transarterial embolization.

133

Tratamiento endovascular y trombólisis intraarterial en el ictus isquémico agudo / Endovascular treatment and intra-arterial thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Analizar la eficacia y la seguridad de la trombólisis intraarterial y el tratamiento endovascular en pacientes con ictus isquémico agudo. Diseño y ámbito: Estudio prospectivo observacional en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Pacientes: Dieciséis pacientes recibieron tratamiento endovascu [...] lar. Se recogieron datos epidemiológicos, localización de la oclusión arterial, tiempo desde el ictus al tratamiento, indicación del tratamiento, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale al ingreso y al alta hospitalaria, y complicaciones y evolución funcional por escala de Rankin modificada realizada mediante una encuesta telefónica. Resultados: Diez varones, con una edad media de 59 años (29-74) y una estancia media en la unidad de cuidados intensivos de 6 días (1-33). Siete pacientes requirieron ventilación mecánica. Indicación del tratamiento: 4 casos por fracaso de la trombólisis intravenosa, 5 por oclusión de gran vaso, 2 por estar fuera de la ventana terapéutica, 3 por oclusión de la circulación posterior, uno por estar fuera de la ventana terapéutica y tener, además, una oclusión de gran vaso y uno por contraindicación para la trombólisis intravenosa. Localización de la oclusión: 3 en la circulación posterior y 13 en el territorio carotídeo y sus ramas. El fibrinolítico utilizado fue uroquinasa en dosis de 100.000-600.000 UI. Cuatro pacientes requirieron embolectomía mecánica y 10, implantación de stent. Se obtuvo recanalización completa en 11 pacientes (69%) y parcial en 4 (25%). Tres pacientes evolucionaron a muerte encefálica. Seis pacientes (46%) tuvieron una buena recuperación (escala de Rankin modificada 10) -tiempo de evolución de 3-6h-, y contraindicacio'n para la trombólisis intravenosa y la oclusión arterial proximal. Abstract in english Objective: Analysis of the safety and efficacy of intra-arterial thrombolysis therapy and endovascular treatment in acute ischemic stroke. Design and area: An observational prospective study in the Intensive Care Unit. Patients and methods: 16 patients had endovascular treatment. Epidemiological dat [...] a, arterial occlusion site, time between stroke onset and treatment, treatment indication, NIHSS scale at admission and discharge from hospital, complications and functional outcome measured by modified Rankin scale (obtained by telephone survey) were collected. Results: Ten male patients with a mean age of 59 years (29-74) were included. The mean stay in the ICU was 6 days (1-33). Seven patients required mechanical ventilation. Treatment indications were: intravenous thrombolysis failure in 4 patients, major vessel occlusion in 5, outside of the therapeutic window in 2, posterior circulation occlusion in 3, outside of the therapeutic window plus major vessel occlusion in 1 and intravenous thrombolysis contraindication in 1. The occlusion site was on posterior circulation in 3 and on carotid territories and branches in 13. Thrombolytic treatment used was Urokinase at a dose of 100,000-600,000IU. Four patients required mechanical embolectomy and 10 stent implantation. Complete recanalization was observed in 11 (69%) and partial in 4 (25%). Three evolved to brain death. Six patients (46%) had a favorable outcome (modified Rankin scale score 10), evolution time between 3-6h, intravenous thrombolysis contraindication and proximal arterial occlusion.

D., Escudero; R., Molina; L., Viña; P., Rodríguez; L., Marqués; E., Fernández; L., Forcelledo; J., Otero; F., Taboada; P., Vega; E., Murias; A., Gil.

2010-09-01

134

Cost-effectiveness of the endovascular repair: of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Portugal / Custo-efetividade no tratamento do aneurisma da aorta abdominal: uma abordagem no contexto Português  

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Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O tratamento endovascular (EVAR) do aneurisma da aorta abdominal tem sido apontado, nos últimos anos, como uma alternativa bastante atrativa à cirurgia convencional. Não obstante tais benefícios clínicos e percepcionados pelos doentes, os estudos de avaliação económica parecem não ser tão consistent [...] es, o que requer algumas considerações aquando da utilização desta opção terapêutica em larga escala. Objetivos: Avaliar, no contexto Português, o custo-efetividade do EVAR no tratamento do aneurisma da aorta abdominal comparado com o tratamento por cirurgia convencional, usando um modelo desenvolvido previamente no Reino Unido. Metodologia: Os benefícios foram baseados em estudos clínicos internacionais, assumindo que tais resultados podem ser aplicados ao contexto Português. Constituiu-se um painel de peritos para apurar a utilização de recursos associados à intervenção bem como as consequências a curto e médio prazo (valorizados com preços de Portugal). Resultados: A diferença de custos na intervenção primária entre o EVAR e o tratamento por cirurgia convencional, deveu-se ao preço da endoprótese. Não se verificaram diferenças, entre ambos os procedimentos, no que respeita ao custo total associado às complicações e reintervenções. O rácio custo-efetividade incremental (ICER) do EVAR foi de 65,605€/QALY. Conclusões: O tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal apresenta resultados que parecem comprovar uma elevada efetividade tendo sido utilizada, nos últimos anos, de forma crescente um pouco por todo o mundo. Apesar dos resultados custo-efetividade, aqui apurados, estarem acima do que que é considerado limiar de aceitação em Portugal, o valor económico do EVAR melhoraria se se confirmassem os benefícios a longo prazo que, alguns dos estudos recentes, parecem apontar. Nessas circunstâncias, o tratamento endovascular tornar-se-ia uma intervenção economicamente interessante que, aliada aos bons resultados ao nível da efetividade e da qualidade de vida dos doentes, poderia ser indicada para um maior número de situações clínicas. Abstract in english Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR) for the treatment of aortic abdominal aneurism has been shown to improve short-term survival and quality of life as compared to Open Repair (OR), while reducing the rate of serious complications and allowing for the treatment of more patients. Objectives: To exami [...] ne the cost-effectiveness of EVAR compared to OR in the treatment of aortic abdominal aneurism in the Portuguese context using a model previously developed in the UK. Methodology: We adapted an international economic evaluation model to the Portuguese situation, assuming that the health benefits of EVAR observed in clinical trials would also apply to Portuguese patients. We carried out an expert panel survey to calculate the resource use associated with the intervention and its short and long-term consequences, valued with Portuguese prices. Results: The major cost difference in the primary intervention (difference of 3,064 € in favor of OR) is related to the cost of the endograft/graft. No major differences are observed in the total cost of complications and re-interventions between the two procedures. EVAR represents a cost of 16,709 € over lifetime compared to 12,130 € for OR. Using data from the literature we show that EVAR allows for 0.17 additional undiscounted years of life and 0.091 additional undiscounted quality-adjusted life years. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of EVAR is of 65,605 €/QALY. Conclusion: Endovascular repair of aortic abdominal aneurysm represents an effective alternative and has been used increasingly in Portugal and elsewhere. Our study shows that its cost-effectiveness is currently above the commonly accepted threshold in Portugal, but that the economic value of EVAR would greatly improve if benefits were confirmed in the long run after the intervention. Under these circumst

Paulo, Sousa; Julian, Perelman; Klára, Dimitrovová; António Santos, Simões; Daniel, Brandão; João Albuquerque e, Castro; Luís Mendes, Pedro; Rui, Machado; Sérgio, Sampaio; Paul, Hayes; José, Fernandes e Fernandes.

2014-06-01

135

The Use of Direct Thrombin Injection to Treat a Type II Endoleak Following Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

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This report describes the use of thrombin to treat a type II endoleak which was causing continued abdominal aortic aneurysm expansion in a patient who had undergone endovascular repair. A small quantity of thrombin was injected into the leak by a percutaneous approach directly into the aneurysm sac using color doppler ultrasound. The procedure was successful and required only a few minutes to perform. We believe this procedure is an alternative to some of the more complex and technically challenging means of treating this lesion

136

Evaluation with Doppler vascular ultrasound in postoperative endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm: a prospective comparative study with angiotomography  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is usually incidental, and surgical treatment, when indicated, may be open or endovascular. The drawbacks of computed angiotomography (CTA) and the advantages of Doppler ultrasonography have led to the development of alternative follow-up pr [...] otocols, comparing the two methods. OBJECTIVE: To determine validity indices for Doppler ultrasonography and to correlate them with CTA results in a group of patients who had undergone elective endovascular treatment of AAAs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients were selected. The following three items were evaluated: 1) presence or absence of endoleak; 2) presence of blood flow in the aortoiliac segment; and 3) maximum AAA diameter. RESULTS: For the detection of endoleak, Doppler ultrasonography showed a sensitivity of 54.5%, a specificity of 92.8%, a positive predictive value of 85.7%, a negative predictive value of 92.8%, and an overall accuracy of 76%. For the evaluation of blood flow in the aortoiliac segment, values were 100, 97.8, 80, 97.8, and 98%, respectively. Maximum AAA diameter was similarly measured by both methods, with statistically significant differences (mean difference: 1.98 mm). Pearson's correlation coefficient was 0.97, showing that Doppler ultrasonography and CTA yielded similar results. CONCLUSION: Doppler ultrasonography showed good validity indices and a moderate correlation with CTA in the postoperative evaluation of patients undergoing endovascular treatment of AAAs.

Graciliano Jose, Franca; Liz Andrea Villela, Baroncini; Aguinaldo de, Oliveira; Enrique Antonio, Vidal; Marcio, Miyamotto; Jeferson Freitas, Toregeani; Luiz Otavio de Mattos, Coelho; Jorge Rufino Ribas, Timi.

2013-06-01

137

Tratamiento endovascular de las patologías de aorta -Estado del arte-: Parte 2 - Patologías de la aorta torácica y otras aplicaciones Endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies -State of the art-: Part 2 - Pathologies of thoracic aorta and other applications  

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Full Text Available En la actualidad, el tratamiento endovascular de las patologías de aorta es una alternativa a la cirugía abierta. Éste ha demostrado ser seguro ya que arroja resultados iguales o superiores que el grupo quirúrgico. En este artículo se presenta el estado actual del tratamiento con endoprótesis de las patologías de aorta, así como las indicaciones, las contraindicaciones y el futuro del tratamiento con este tipo de dispositivos.Endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies is actually an alternative to open surgery. It has proven to be safe, showing similar or better results to those achieved by surgery. In this article, treatment of aortic pathologies by means of endoprosthesis is presented, as well as its indications, contraindications and future treatment with this kind of devices.

Carlos E Uribe

2007-12-01

138

Tratamiento endovascular de las patologías de aorta -Estado del arte-: Parte 2 - Patologías de la aorta torácica y otras aplicaciones / Endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies -State of the art-: Part 2 - Pathologies of thoracic aorta and other applications  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En la actualidad, el tratamiento endovascular de las patologías de aorta es una alternativa a la cirugía abierta. Éste ha demostrado ser seguro ya que arroja resultados iguales o superiores que el grupo quirúrgico. En este artículo se presenta el estado actual del tratamiento con endoprótesis de las [...] patologías de aorta, así como las indicaciones, las contraindicaciones y el futuro del tratamiento con este tipo de dispositivos. Abstract in english Endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies is actually an alternative to open surgery. It has proven to be safe, showing similar or better results to those achieved by surgery. In this article, treatment of aortic pathologies by means of endoprosthesis is presented, as well as its indications, con [...] traindications and future treatment with this kind of devices.

Carlos E, Uribe; Luis I, Calderón; Pablo, Castro; Germán S, Gómez; Edgar F, Hurtado; Gilberto, Estrada.

2007-12-01

139

Manejo endovascular de la aorta torácica Endovascular treatment of thoracic aorta  

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Full Text Available En comparación con el tratamiento convencional, la terapia endovascular en aneurisma de aorta torácica, presenta los mejores resultados, por lo que se convierte en el tratamiento de elección para la patología de aorta torácica descendente endovascular, por su baja morbimortalidad perioperatoria. El tratamiento quirúrgico por vía retroperitoneal y/o endovascular para aneurisma de aorta abdominal infrarrenal, resulta ser especialmente seguro en pacientes octogenarios o con alta morbilidad. Esta cohorte institucional presenta resultados perioperatorios y en el seguimiento, similares a los reportados en la literatura mundial.Compared with the conventional treatment, endovascular therapy in thoracic aortic aneurysm shows the best results, being the election treatment for the pathology of the descending thoracic aorta, due to its low peri-operative morbid-mortality. Surgical treatment by retro-peritoneal route and/or endovascular for infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysm is especially safe in octogenarian patients or in those with a high mortality rate. This institutional cohort show peri-operative and follow-up results similar to those reported in the world literature.

Juan G Barrera

2006-10-01

140

Fístula arteriovenosa postraumática: tratamiento endovascular. Revisión de la literatura y presentación de un caso clínico / Endovascular treatment of a post-traumatic arterio-venous fistula: Presentation of a clinical case and literature review  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las fístulas arteriovenosas en la cabeza y el cuello son entidades poco frecuentes. La mayoría es secundaria a heridas penetrantes por arma blanca. Se describe el tratamiento exitoso mediante cirugía endovascular de una fístula postraumática tras una herida penetrante entre la arteria maxilar intern [...] a izquierda y la vena yugular externa. A través de este caso clínico y la revisión de la literatura se ilustran las causas, manifestaciones, estudio radiológico y tratamiento de una fístula postraumática entre la arteria maxilar interna y la vena yugular externa. A través de este caso clínico se demuestra la utilidad de los procedimientos endovasculares en el tratamiento de estas complicaciones. Abstract in english Traumatic arteriovenous fistulas of the head and neck region are uncommon. The majority are due to penetration of blunt injury. We describe a successful endovascular treatment of a posttraumatic fistula between the left maxillary artery and the external jugular vein due to a penetration injury. This [...] case and a review of the literature illustrate the causes, manifestations, image studies and treatment for a posttraumatic fistula between the maxillary artery and the external jugular vein. This case demonstrate the utility of endovascular treatment of head and neck injuries complications.

R., Sánchez; B., Marín; A., Fernández-Prieto; L., Pingarrón; R., Frutos; J. del, Castillo; M., Burgueño.

2010-06-01

 
 
 
 
141

Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Abdominal Aneurysm into the Inferior Vena Cava in Patient After Stent Graft Placement  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report the case of a patient who underwent endovascular repair and then reintervention as a result of the presence of a persistent endoleak complicated by an aortocaval fistula. A 76-year-old patient with a history of endovascular treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm 2 years earlier had a palpable abdominal mass, high-output cardiac failure, and renal failure. A computed tomographic scan and angiography revealed bending of the right iliac limb, a type I endoleak, and rupture of the aneurysm into the inferior vena cava with aortocaval fistula formation. An iliac extension was positioned in the right external iliac artery. The procedure was finished successfully. Control angiography showed normal flow within the endoprosthesis, and both iliac arteries were without signs of endoleakage and aortocaval fistula. Ectatic common iliac artery may lead to a late distal attachment site endoleak. The application of a stent graft in cases of secondary aortocaval fistula after stent graft repair is a good option, particularly in emergency cases.

142

Non-invasiv, Multi Detector Row (MDR) based Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis of hemodynamics in infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) before and after endovascular repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Simulation, description and analysis of dynamic pressure in infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) before and after endovascular repair. Materials and Methods: During March 1996 and May 2001, 13 patients with AAA underwent endovascular treatment. The MDR-CT scans of these patients were used for the non-invasive analysis of the hemodynamics in the aorta with CFD software before and after endovascular repair. One pre-interventional and three post-interventional CT scans were analyzed for each patient. Results: Compared to the pre-interventional simulation, endovascular treatment led to an average dynamic pressure decrease of 1057 Pa in 10 of 13 patients. During the subsequent course, the median of the dynamic pressure decreased in 8 of 13 patients. Vulnerable regions initially identified as high-pressure regions, like the docking area or the second stent limb, adapted to the pressure in the surrounding tissue in the course of time. (orig.)

143

Estudo comparativo entre tratamento endovascular e cirurgia convencional na correção eletiva de aneurisma de aorta abdominal: revisão bibliográfica / Endovascular elective treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm versus conventional open repair: a comparative study  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O tratamento eletivo do aneurisma de aorta abdominal é recomendado pela alta morbiletalidade decorrente da eventual ruptura. O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar o reparo endovascular eletivo com a cirurgia aberta e avaliar as mortalidades hospitalar e perioperatória, em 1 ano, por todas as causas [...] e relacionadas ao aneurisma, a permanência hospitalar, as complicações, as taxas de sobrevida, conversão e reintervenção, a durabilidade do enxerto, o custo-benefício e a relação desses dados com o treinamento da equipe médica responsável pelo tratamento. Realizou-se uma revisão da literatura sobre reparo endovascular versus cirurgia convencional. Foram observados vantagem na sobrevivência perioperatória e menor estresse pós-cirúrgico; no entanto, os benefícios iniciais são perdidos por complicações e reintervenções tardias. Trabalhos baseados nas primeiras gerações de endopróteses superestimam as taxas de mortalidade em curto prazo, complicações e reintervenções. A durabilidade do enxerto, a real vantagem na sobrevida e o custo-benefício são incertos, e outros estudos são necessários para o seguimento em longo prazo. Abstract in english The elective treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm is recommended due to the high morbidity and mortality of a possible rupture. The objective of this study was to compare the elective endovascular aneurysm repair with open repair and to analyze the in-hospital and perioperative mortality rate [...] during 1 year related to all causes and to the aneurysm, as well as the postoperative length of hospital stay, complications, survival rates, conversion and reintervention, graft durability, cost-benefit ratio, and relation with the medical team’s experience. A review of the scientific literature about endovascular versus open repair was carried out. We found a higher rate of perioperative survival and less postoperative stress; nevertheless, the initial benefits were lost due to late complications and reinterventions. First-generation endografts overestimated the early results of mortality rates, complications, and reinterventions. Endograft durability, real advantage of survival rates, and cost-benefits are uncertain and further long-term follow-up studies are necessary.

Ana Carolina P., Simão; Ana Carolina de Alencar, Gonçalves; Milena Miguita, Paulino; Renata Barbosa de, Oliveira; Camila Aparecida, Polli; Ayrton Cássio, Fratezi.

2009-12-01

144

Resultados en el corto y mediano plazo de la reparación endovascular de aneurismas de la aorta abdominal y arterias ilíacas: Experience in 28 patients / Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneuriysms  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados iniciales y en el mediano plazo de la reparación endovascular de los aneurismas del sector aorto-ilíaco. Material y Método: Revisión de una serie clínica de pacientes operados en forma consecutiva por vía endovascular en el Hospital Dr. Eduardo Pereira de Valparaíso [...] por aneurismas del sector aorto-ilíaco desde 2007 al 2012 con seguimiento actualizado. Resultados: Se trata de 28 pacientes (22 varones), una edad promedio de 72,5 años (rango 59-86) y un seguimiento promedio de 27,4 meses (rango 1-65 meses). Los pacientes fueron seleccionados de acuerdo a la anatomía aorto-ilíaca y su estado general. A 25 pacientes se les instaló una prótesis bifurcada tri-modular, a un paciente una prótesis bifurcada con sólo dos módulos, a otro paciente una prótesis aorto uni ilíaca, y a una paciente una endoprótesis recta luego de una desconexión visceral abdominal. Un paciente fallece a los 31 días después de operado por falla orgánica múltiple y otros dos pacientes fallecen a los 24 meses a causa de un cáncer vesicular y a los 36 meses por un cáncer rectal. El seguimiento alejado evidenció ausencia de endofugas tipo 1, 3 ó 4 y una endofuga tipo 2 en dos pacientes, que no han requerido ninguna intervención. Conclusión: La reparación endovascular de los aneurismas del sector aorto-ilíaco es segura en el corto y mediano plazo, en pacientes con las condiciones anatómicas apropiadas en un centro quirúrgico adecuadamente equipado. Abstract in english Background: Endovascular repair of aortic aneurysms is less invasive than the traditional surgical approach. Aim: To evaluate the early and mid-term results of aorto-iliac aneurysm endovascular repair. Material and Methods: Analysis of 28 patients aged 59 to 86 years (22 males), subjected to an endo [...] vas-cular repair of aorto-iliac aneurysms between 2007 and 2012. Results: The follow up period of patients ranged from 1 to 65 months. A tri-modular bifurcated prosthesis was installed in 25 patients. A bi-modular bifurcated prosthesis was installed in one patient, an aorto uni iliac prosthesis was installed in one patient; in other patient, a straight endoprosthesis was installed after an abdominal visceral disconnection. In cases of associated iliac aneurysms, unilateral iliac embolization was carried out in seven patients and bilateral embolization in one patient. In one case, the sealing of the hypogastric artery was achieved leaning the prosthetic branch on the hypogastric artery ostium. One patient died 31 days after the operation due to multiple organ failure. One patient died 24 months after surgery due to a gallbladder cancer and other patient died 36 months after surgery due to a rectal cancer. The long-term follow-up showed the presence of type 2 endo-leaks in two patients. The aneurysm decreased in size in 83% of patients after 2 years of follow-up. In five patients, a non-progressive laminar parietal thrombosis inside the endoprosthesis, was observed in the immediate postoperative period. It was initially treated with oral anticoagulants. Conclusions: Endovascular repair of aorto-iliac aneurysms is safe and effective in patients with appropriate anatomical conditions, if a skilled surgical team is available.

JUAN, BOMBIN F; ALEJANDRO, KOTLIK A; JAIME, FERNÁNDEZ V; IVER, ZEGARRA I.

2013-12-01

145

Tratamiento endovascular exitoso del síndrome de cascanueces con stent autoexpandible / Successful endovascular treatment of nutcracker's syndrome with self-expanding stent  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El síndrome de cascanueces (nutcracker's syndrome) se produce por compresión de la vena renal izquierda a su paso por la horquilla vascular, formada por la aorta y la arteria mesentérica superior, causando una compresión extrínseca que genera estenosis funcional de la misma. Esto produce congestión [...] e hipertensión de la vena renal izquierda que se traduce en insuficiencia y várices de la vena gonadal izquierda, hematuria unilateral y dolor lumbar izquierdo, el diagnóstico pocas veces se realiza, por su baja frecuencia y por la falta de sospecha clínica. El tratamiento del síndrome de cascanueces incluye el autotransplante renal, trasposición de arteria mesentérica superior, revascularización y más recientemente, la colocación de stent en la vena renal. Presentamos el caso de un paciente que fue sometido a tratamiento endovascular exitoso con un stent autoexpandible en la vena renal izquierda, con criterios inmediatos de éxito por angiografía, reducción de la congestión venosa y por desaparición del gradiente cavo/renal. Abstract in english Nutcracker's syndrome is caused by compression of the left renal vein between aorta and superior mesenteric artery, causing extrinsic compression generated functional stenosis. This causes congestion and hypertension of the left renal vein resulting in insufficiency and left gonadal vein varicose, u [...] nilateral hematuria and left flank pain, diagnosis is rarely identified by their low frequency and difficulty of suspecting, treatment of nutcracker's syndrome include renal autotransplantation, transposition of superior mesenteric artery revascularization and recently stenting in renal vein, we present the case of a patient, who showed this pathology by diagnostic support by image studies, was performed successfully implant a self-expanding stent with immediate success criteria by angiography, collateral reduction and by disappearance of cava/renal gradient.

Marco Antonio, Alcocer-Gamba; Jorge A., Martínez-Chávez; Mónica, Alcántara-Razo; Guering, Eid-Lidt; Leslie M., Lugo-Gavidia; Enrique, García-Hernández; Aquiles, Montalvo-Ramos; Ivonne A., Torres-Quiroz; Arturo, Velázquez-Verduzco.

2012-12-01

146

Construction of a canine endoleak model in the course of endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To design an experimental model of endoleak after endovascular exclusion (EVE). Methods: Infrarenal aortic aneurysms were created with bovine jugular vein segments or patches. Then they were undergone endovascular stent graft exclusion of the aneurysm. Using modification of prosthetic vessel and changing the attachment site, endoleaks were formed during the course of aneurysm exclusion. Results: All the 6 aneurysms possessed satisfactory configuration just as clinical patterns. Intraoperative arteriography revealed endoleaks in 5 dogs after the exclusion, two of which were proximal and three were distal. Conclusions: The experiment shows the hemodynamics and treatment of endoleak for EVE

147

How to diagnose and treat abdominal compartment syndrome after endovascular and open repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms.  

Science.gov (United States)

Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are frequently encountered in patients treated for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAA) and carry a high morbidity and mortality risk. Despite these facts, IAH/ACS are still overlooked by many physicians, timely diagnosis is missed and treatment often inadequate. All staff involved in the treatment of rAAA should be aware of the risk factors predicting IAH/ACS, the profound implications and derangements on all organ systems, the clinical presentation, the appropriate measurement of intra-abdominal pressure to detect IAH/ACS and the current treatment options for these detrimental syndromes. This comprehensive review provides contemporary knowledge that should help to improve patient survival and long-term outcome. PMID:24670826

Mayer, D; Rancic, Z; Veith, F J; Pecoraro, F; Pfammatter, T; Lachat, M

2014-04-01

148

Tratamento endovascular da oclusão de ramo ilíaco de endoprótese bifurcada de aorta abdominal: trombectomia rotativa e aspirativa seguida de angioplastia com stent primário Endovascular treatment of iliac limb occlusion of a bifurcated abdominal aortic stent graft: rotational and aspiration thrombectomy followed by primary angioplasty and stenting  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A oclusão de ramo ilíaco de endoprótese bifurcada de aorta surge como complicação decorrente da correção endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal e várias abordagens terapêuticas têm sido empregadas para o tratamento dessa complicação em casos de isquemia de membro inferior. Apresentamos dois casos de tratamento totalmente percutâneo da oclusão de ramo ilíaco de endoprótese de aorta abdominal com dispositivo de trombectomia rotativa e aspirativa seguida de angioplastia com stent primário, sem complicações operatórias.Iliac limb occlusion of bifurcated aortic stent graft appears as complication of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and several therapeutic approaches have been used to treat this problem in cases of lower limb ischemia. In two cases a totally endovascular approach was used to treat the limb occlusion by means of rotational and aspiration thrombectomy, followed by stenting. In both cases there were no postoperative complications.

Fabio Augusto Cypreste Oliveira

2012-09-01

149

Tratamento endovascular da oclusão de ramo ilíaco de endoprótese bifurcada de aorta abdominal: trombectomia rotativa e aspirativa seguida de angioplastia com stent primário / Endovascular treatment of iliac limb occlusion of a bifurcated abdominal aortic stent graft: rotational and aspiration thrombectomy followed by primary angioplasty and stenting  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A oclusão de ramo ilíaco de endoprótese bifurcada de aorta surge como complicação decorrente da correção endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal e várias abordagens terapêuticas têm sido empregadas para o tratamento dessa complicação em casos de isquemia de membro inferior. Apresentamos dois ca [...] sos de tratamento totalmente percutâneo da oclusão de ramo ilíaco de endoprótese de aorta abdominal com dispositivo de trombectomia rotativa e aspirativa seguida de angioplastia com stent primário, sem complicações operatórias. Abstract in english Iliac limb occlusion of bifurcated aortic stent graft appears as complication of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and several therapeutic approaches have been used to treat this problem in cases of lower limb ischemia. In two cases a totally endovascular approach was used to treat th [...] e limb occlusion by means of rotational and aspiration thrombectomy, followed by stenting. In both cases there were no postoperative complications.

Fabio Augusto Cypreste, Oliveira; Fabio Lemos, Campedelli; Carlos Eduardo de Sousa, Amorelli; José Eduardo da, Costa Filho; Daniel Resende, Gibbon; Juliana Caetano, Barreto; Philippe Moreira da, Silva.

2012-09-01

150

Ligadura videolaparoscópica da artéria mesentérica inferior como tratamento de endoleak persistente após correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal Videolaparoscopic ligation of inferior mesenteric artery as a treatment of persistent endoleak after endoluminal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Videolaparoscopy has been widely used in the treatment of pathologies as cholelithiasis, appendicitis and adrenal tumor. Nowadays, has also been used to treat type II endoleaks after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. The goal of this work is to report one case of inferior mesenteric artery endoleak treated by videolaparoscopy.

Gaudencio Espinosa

2002-04-01

151

Endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies - State of the art. Part 1 - Aneurysms of abdominal aorta  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies is actually an alternative to open surgery. It has proven to be safe, showing similar or better results to those achieved by surgery. In this article, treatment of aortic pathologies by means of endoprosthesis is presented, as well as its indications, contraindications and future treatment with this kind of devices

152

Technical and clinical success of infrarenal endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: A 10-year single-center experience  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: The aim of our retrospective study was to review our single-center experience with aortic abdominal aneurysm (AAA) repair retrospectively. Material and methods: From 1995 to 2005, 70 consecutive patients affected by AAA were treated by endovascular stent-graft repair. Mean follow-up was 23.9 months. Follow-up investigations were performed at 6 and 12 months and yearly thereafter. Five different stent-graft designs were compared to each other. Primary technical success (PTS), assisted primary technical success (APTS), primary clinical success (PCS) and secondary clinical success (SCS) were evaluated. Results: All over PTS was achieved in 94.3%, APTS in 97.1%, PCS in 61.4%, APCS in 64.3% and SCS in 70%. There were 3 type I endoleaks, 25 type II endoleaks, 4 type III endoleaks, 8 limb problems, 5 conversions to open surgery, 10 aneurysm sac expansions and 14 device migrations. Patients with newer generation devices showed better results than patients with first generation prosthesis. In addition results were better for grafts with suprarenal fixation (versus infrarenal fixation) and grafts with barbs and hooks (versus grafts without barbs and hooks). Patients with bad anatomic preconditions showed a higher complication rate. Conclusion: Contrary to first generation products, new stent-graft designs show acceptable technical and clinical results in endovascular AAA aneurysm repair. However, this therapy still should be reserved only for patients with significanreserved only for patients with significant comorbities and suitable anatomic conditions

153

Technical and clinical success of infrarenal endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: A 10-year single-center experience  

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Objective: The aim of our retrospective study was to review our single-center experience with aortic abdominal aneurysm (AAA) repair retrospectively. Material and methods: From 1995 to 2005, 70 consecutive patients affected by AAA were treated by endovascular stent-graft repair. Mean follow-up was 23.9 months. Follow-up investigations were performed at 6 and 12 months and yearly thereafter. Five different stent-graft designs were compared to each other. Primary technical success (PTS), assisted primary technical success (APTS), primary clinical success (PCS) and secondary clinical success (SCS) were evaluated. Results: All over PTS was achieved in 94.3%, APTS in 97.1%, PCS in 61.4%, APCS in 64.3% and SCS in 70%. There were 3 type I endoleaks, 25 type II endoleaks, 4 type III endoleaks, 8 limb problems, 5 conversions to open surgery, 10 aneurysm sac expansions and 14 device migrations. Patients with newer generation devices showed better results than patients with first generation prosthesis. In addition results were better for grafts with suprarenal fixation (versus infrarenal fixation) and grafts with barbs and hooks (versus grafts without barbs and hooks). Patients with bad anatomic preconditions showed a higher complication rate. Conclusion: Contrary to first generation products, new stent-graft designs show acceptable technical and clinical results in endovascular AAA aneurysm repair. However, this therapy still should be reserved only for patients with significant comorbities and suitable anatomic conditions.

Steingruber, I.E. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)]. E-mail: iris.steingruber@uibk.ac.at; Neuhauser, B. [Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Seiler, R. [Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Greiner, A. [Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Chemelli, A. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Kopf, H. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Walch, C. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Waldenberger, P. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Jaschke, W. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Czermak, B. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)

2006-09-15

154

Preoperative echocardiographic predictors for 1-year mortality in patients treated with standard endovascular aneurysm repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA and cardiovascular disease are intimately associated, the latter representing the most common cause of death in Sweden. Cardiac complications are held responsible for the majority of perioperative morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing repair of AAA. The importance of preoperative thorough cardiac assessment is therefore obvious. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of preoperative echocardiographic findings for 1-year mortality after elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR of infrarenal AAA. Design: Retrospective analysis. Methods: The 505 patients were identified in a prospective database for endovascular interventions between 1998 and 2011, and data were retrieved from patient records. Preoperative echocardiography reports in 380 patients were reviewed and findings were notified according to a predefined protocol. Results: The 1-year mortality rate was 6.7%. Severe valve disease was present in 8.7% of the patients, aortic valve stenosis being the leading cause of valve pathology. Severe valve disease (OR 3.5, 95% CI [1.2 - 10.7]; p = 0.025 and chronic kidney disease grade ? 3 (OR 7.5, 95% CI [2.1 - 26.1]; p = 0.002 were the only independent risk factors for increased mortality rate at 1-year. Conclusion: Echocardiography should be a part of the preoperative workup in AAA patients. Finding of severe valve disease should be further evaluated by a cardiologist prior to EVAR.

Tomas Ohrlander

2013-06-01

155

Aortoenteric fistula after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment with the original Gore Excluder endoprosthesis and Cook aortouniiliac converter for endotension.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of aortoenteric fistula (AEF) that occurred four years after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) with the original Gore Excluder endoprosthesis despite uncomplicated stent graft placement without endoleaks or migration on postoperative imaging studies; the patient was reoperated with a Cook aortouniiliac converter for endotension three months before the diagnosis of AEF. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case in the literature of an AEF after EVAR with the Excluder stent graft. Our case demonstrates that EVAR is not a guarantee against the development of AEF, and we suggest that all the patients with the first generation Excluder device should be closely followed-up; if sac enlargement is detected, early conversion to open repair or reinforcement of the entire old endograft should be considered. PMID:19455091

Fernández-Alonso, L; Alegret, J; Urtasun, F; Jimenez Arribas, J; Atienza, M; Centeno, R; Martinez-Aguilar, E; Santamarta, E; Aranzadi, C

2011-06-01

156

Fatores envolvidos na migração das endopróteses em pacientes submetidos ao tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal Factors involved in the migration of endoprosthesis in patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair  

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A migração da endoprótese é complicação do tratamento endovascular definida como deslocamento da ancoragem inicial. Para avaliação da migração, verifica-se a posição da endoprótese em relação a determinada região anatômica. Considerando o aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal, a área proximal de referência consiste na origem da artéria renal mais baixa e, na região distal, situa-se nas artérias ilíacas internas. Os pacientes deverão ser monitorizados por longos per?...

Marcelo José de Almeida; Winston Bonetti Yoshida; Ludvig Hafner; Juliana Henrique dos Santos; Bruno Felipe Souza; Flávia Fagundes Bueno; Janaína Lopes Evangelista; Lucas José Vaz Schiavão

2010-01-01

157

Manejo endovascular de la aorta torácica / Endovascular treatment of thoracic aorta  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En comparación con el tratamiento convencional, la terapia endovascular en aneurisma de aorta torácica, presenta los mejores resultados, por lo que se convierte en el tratamiento de elección para la patología de aorta torácica descendente endovascular, por su baja morbimortalidad perioperatoria. El [...] tratamiento quirúrgico por vía retroperitoneal y/o endovascular para aneurisma de aorta abdominal infrarrenal, resulta ser especialmente seguro en pacientes octogenarios o con alta morbilidad. Esta cohorte institucional presenta resultados perioperatorios y en el seguimiento, similares a los reportados en la literatura mundial. Abstract in english Compared with the conventional treatment, endovascular therapy in thoracic aortic aneurysm shows the best results, being the election treatment for the pathology of the descending thoracic aorta, due to its low peri-operative morbid-mortality. Surgical treatment by retro-peritoneal route and/or endo [...] vascular for infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysm is especially safe in octogenarian patients or in those with a high mortality rate. This institutional cohort show peri-operative and follow-up results similar to those reported in the world literature.

Juan G, Barrera; Ligia C, Mateus; José F, Saaibi; Carlos S, Balestrini; Jaime, Calderón; Marisol, Carreño; VíctorR, Castillo; Camilo, Pizarro; Omar F, Gomezese; Freddy, López; Ángel M, Chaves; Carlos, Luengas; Oscar, Calvo; Rafael, Reyes; Fabio M, Aguilera; Jorge E, Bayter; Leonardo, Salazar; Jimmy, Muñoz.

2006-10-01

158

Manejo del aneurisma de la aorta abdominal: Estado actual, evidencias y perspectivas para el desarrollo de un programa nacional / Open and endovascular surgery for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurism: Review of the available evidence  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Open and endovascular surgery are therapeutic alternatives for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurism. The development of guidelines for its treatment requires a thorough analysis of available evidence to recommend the best treatment for each country's reality. Prospective randomized trials have [...] shown best initial results with endovascular surgery, with higher hospital costs than open surgery. The requirement of anatomical suitability for the placement of endovascular prostheses limits the universal use of endovascular surgery. Moreover, this type of surgery needs a strict imaging and clinical follow up due to the high rates of late complications, which range from 20% to 40%. Many of these complications require further surgical interventions, elevating costs of treatment. The initial benefit of endovascular surgery is lost during long follow up as survival curves become similar to those of open surgery. Even for patients with a high surgical risk, the benefits of endovascular surgery are doubtful.

Leopoldo, Mariné M; Francisco, Valdés E; Renato, Mertens M; Albrecht, Krämer Sch; Michel, Bergoeing R; Dixiana, Rivera D; Jeanette, Vergara G; Claudia, Carvajal N.

1081-10-01

159

A prospective clinical, economic, and quality-of-life analysis comparing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), open repair, and best medical treatment in high-risk patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms suitable for EVAR: the Irish patient trial.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

To report the results of a trial comparing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) to open repair (OR) and best medical therapy (BMT) involving high-risk patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) suitable for EVAR.

Hynes, Niamh

2007-12-01

160

Endoleakage after endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: diagnosis, significance and treatment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Endoleak, also called leakage, leak and Perigraft leak, is a major complication and its persistence represents a failure of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. Its detection and treatment is therefore of primary importance, since endoleak can be associated with pressurization (increase in pressure) of the sac, resulting in expansion and rupture of the aneurysm. The aim of this paper is to discuss the definition, significance, diagnosis and different options to treat endoleak. (orig.)

 
 
 
 
161

Percutaneous Transabdominal Approach for the Treatment of Endoleaks after Endovascular Repair of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical feasibility and clinical efficacy of percutaneous transabdominal treatment of endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair. Between 2000 and 2007, six patients with type I (n = 4) or II (n = 2) endoleaks were treated by the percutaneous transabdominal approach using embolization with N-butyl cyanoacrylate with or without coils. Five patients underwent a single session and one patient had two sessions of embolization. The median time between aneurysm repair and endoleak treatment was 25.5 months (range: 0-84 months). Follow-up CT images were evaluated for changes in the size and shape of the aneurysm sac and presence or resolution of endoleaks. The median follow-up after endoleak treatment was 16.4 months (range: 0-37 months). Technical success was achieved in all six patients. Clinical success was achieved in four patients with complete resolution of the endoleak confirmed by follow-up CT. Clinical failure was observed in two patients. One eventually underwent surgical conversion, and the other was lost to follow-up. There were no procedure-related complications. The percutaneous transabdominal approach for the treatment of type I or II endoleaks, after endovascular aneurysm repair, is an alternative method when conventional endovascular methods have failed

162

Percutaneous Transabdominal Approach for the Treatment of Endoleaks after Endovascular Repair of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical feasibility and clinical efficacy of percutaneous transabdominal treatment of endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair. Between 2000 and 2007, six patients with type I (n = 4) or II (n = 2) endoleaks were treated by the percutaneous transabdominal approach using embolization with N-butyl cyanoacrylate with or without coils. Five patients underwent a single session and one patient had two sessions of embolization. The median time between aneurysm repair and endoleak treatment was 25.5 months (range: 0-84 months). Follow-up CT images were evaluated for changes in the size and shape of the aneurysm sac and presence or resolution of endoleaks. The median follow-up after endoleak treatment was 16.4 months (range: 0-37 months). Technical success was achieved in all six patients. Clinical success was achieved in four patients with complete resolution of the endoleak confirmed by follow-up CT. Clinical failure was observed in two patients. One eventually underwent surgical conversion, and the other was lost to follow-up. There were no procedure-related complications. The percutaneous transabdominal approach for the treatment of type I or II endoleaks, after endovascular aneurysm repair, is an alternative method when conventional endovascular methods have failed.

Choi, Sun Young; Lee, Do Yun; Lee, Kwang Hun [Severance Hospital, University of Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Won, Jong Yun [Gangnam Severance Hospital, University of Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Dong Hoon; Shim, Won Heum [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2010-02-15

163

Lessons learnt from the EUROSTAR registry on endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

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Objective: The EUROSTAR project is a multicentred database of the outcome of endovascular repair of infra-renal aortic aneurysms. To date 92 European centres of vascular surgery have contributed. The purpose of the article here is to review the medium term (up to 4 years) results of endovascular aneurysm repair as reported to Eurostar. Patients and methods: Patients intended for endovascular aneurysm repair were notified to the EUROSTAR Data Registry Centre before treatment in order to eliminate bias due to selective reporting. The following data was collected on all patients: (1) their demographic details and the anatomical characteristics of their aneurysms, (2) details of the endovascular device used, (3) procedural complications and the immediate outcome, (4) results of contrast enhanced CT imaging at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months after operation and at yearly intervals thereafter, (5) all adverse events. Life table analysis was performed to determine the cumulative rates of: (1) death from all causes, (2) secondary intervention. Risk factors for rupture and late conversion were identified by regression analysis. Results: By July 2000, 2862 patients had been registered and their median duration of follow-up was 12 mo (range 0-72). Successful deployment was achieved in 2812 patients with a perioperative (30 day) mortality of 2.9%. In 2464 patients enrolled by March 2000 late rupture of the aneurysm occurred in 14 patients for an annual cumulative rate of 1%. The significant factors were proximal type I endoleak (P=0.001), midgraft (type III) endoleak (P=0.001), graft migration (P=0.001) and post-operative kinking of the endograft (P=0.001). Forty-one patients had late conversion to open repair for an annual cumulative rate (risk) of approximately 2.1%. Risk factors (indications) for late conversion were: proximal type I endoleak (P=0.001), midgraft (type III) endoleak (P=0.001), type II endoleak (P=0.003), graft migration (P=0.001), graft kinking (P=0.001) and distal type I endoleak (P=0.001). Conclusions: Endovascular repair of infra-renal aortic aneurysms using the first and second-generation devices that predominated in this study was associated with a risk of late failure of 3% per year, based upon an analysis of observed primary endpoints of rupture and conversion. Eurostar continues to provide responsible evaluation of the technique for the benefit of both physicians and the industry.

Vallabhaneni, S. Rao E-mail: fempop@hotmail.com; Harris, P.L. E-mail: findplh@hotmail.com

2001-07-01

164

Lessons learnt from the EUROSTAR registry on endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: The EUROSTAR project is a multicentred database of the outcome of endovascular repair of infra-renal aortic aneurysms. To date 92 European centres of vascular surgery have contributed. The purpose of the article here is to review the medium term (up to 4 years) results of endovascular aneurysm repair as reported to Eurostar. Patients and methods: Patients intended for endovascular aneurysm repair were notified to the EUROSTAR Data Registry Centre before treatment in order to eliminate bias due to selective reporting. The following data was collected on all patients: (1) their demographic details and the anatomical characteristics of their aneurysms, (2) details of the endovascular device used, (3) procedural complications and the immediate outcome, (4) results of contrast enhanced CT imaging at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months after operation and at yearly intervals thereafter, (5) all adverse events. Life table analysis was performed to determine the cumulative rates of: (1) death from all causes, (2) secondary intervention. Risk factors for rupture and late conversion were identified by regression analysis. Results: By July 2000, 2862 patients had been registered and their median duration of follow-up was 12 mo (range 0-72). Successful deployment was achieved in 2812 patients with a perioperative (30 day) mortality of 2.9%. In 2464 patients enrolled by March 2000 late rupture of the aneurysm occurred in 14 patients for an annual cumulative rate of 1%. The significannual cumulative rate of 1%. The significant factors were proximal type I endoleak (P=0.001), midgraft (type III) endoleak (P=0.001), graft migration (P=0.001) and post-operative kinking of the endograft (P=0.001). Forty-one patients had late conversion to open repair for an annual cumulative rate (risk) of approximately 2.1%. Risk factors (indications) for late conversion were: proximal type I endoleak (P=0.001), midgraft (type III) endoleak (P=0.001), type II endoleak (P=0.003), graft migration (P=0.001), graft kinking (P=0.001) and distal type I endoleak (P=0.001). Conclusions: Endovascular repair of infra-renal aortic aneurysms using the first and second-generation devices that predominated in this study was associated with a risk of late failure of 3% per year, based upon an analysis of observed primary endpoints of rupture and conversion. Eurostar continues to provide responsible evaluation of the technique for the benefit of both physicians and the industry

165

Correlation between intrasac pressure measurements of a pressure sensor and an angiographic catheter during endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english PURPOSE: To establish a correlation between intrasac pressure measurements of a pressure sensor and an angiographic catheter placed in the same aneurysm sac before and after its exclusion by an endoprosthesis. METHODS: Patients who underwent endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and received [...] an EndoSureTM wireless pressure sensor implant between March 19 and December 11, 2004 were enrolled in the study. Simultaneous readings of systolic, diastolic, mean, and pulse pressure within the aneurysm sac were obtained from the catheter and the sensor, both before and after sac exclusion by the endoprosthesis (Readings 1 and 2, respectively). Intrasac pressure measurements were compared using Pearson's correlation and Student's t test. Statistical significance was set at p0.05), mean (p>0.05), and pulse (p0.05) by the sensor. CONCLUSION: The excellent agreement between intrasac pressure readings recorded by the catheter and the sensor justifies use of the latter for detection of post-exclusion abdominal aortic aneurysm pressurization.

Pierre Galvagni, Silveira; Christopher William Teixeira, Miller; Rafael Freygang, Mendes; Gilberto Nascimento, Galego.

166

Follow-up of abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular aortic repair: Comparison of volumetric and diametric measurement  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To determine the correlation of maximal diameter measurements with volumetric evaluation of size after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) using computed tomography angiography (CTA) and to survey its applicability for clinical follow-up. Materials and methods: 73 consecutive patients (2 females, 71 males; age 38–84 years; mean age, 69.1 ± 8 years) with AAA were treated with percutaneous EVAR in a single institution. For follow-up, CTA was performed periodically after EVAR. Images were evaluated for maximal diameter in consensus by two experienced radiologists. Using OsirixTM, volumetric measurements were done by one radiologist, including the entire infrarenal abdominal aorta. Results: In 73 patients 220 CTA examinations were performed after EVAR with a mean follow-up of 17.3 months (range, 1.8–42.7 months). The mean postinterventional volume of aneurysm was 165.63 ml ± 93.29 ml (range, 47.94–565.67 ml). The mean maximal postinterventional diameter was 5.91 ± 1.52 cm (range, 3.72–13.82 cm). At large over the entire observation period a slight, non-significant decrease of 1.6% (2.58 ml ± 69.05 ml, range 82.82–201.92 ml) in volumes and a 9.3% (mean 0.55 cm ± 1.22 cm, range 2.85–1.93 cm) in diameters were observed. For all examinations a high correlation of volume and diameter was calculated (r = 0.813–0.905; ? < 0.01). Conclusion: For follow-up of abdominal EVAR using CTA there is a high correlation betweengh correlation between volumetric and diametric measurements of aneurysm. Based on a daily clinical routine setting, measurements of maximal diameters in cross sectional imaging of AAA after EVAR seems to be sufficient to exclude post interventional enlargement.

167

Is endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms associated with improved in-hospital mortality compared with surgical repair?  

Science.gov (United States)

A best evidence topic in vascular surgery was constructed according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) treated with endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) have improved in-hospital outcomes compared with conventional surgical repair. The reported search retrieved 1398 reports, of which 6 papers were thought to represent the best available evidence to answer the study question. Three randomized trials were identified. The first was a pilot trial conducted in a single centre in the UK, which recruited 32 patients and found similar 30-day mortality in the patient groups. The second trial, conducted in Netherlands, recruited 116 patients anatomically suitable for EVAR. This trial found no significant difference in the composite of death and severe complications within 30 days of intervention between patients subjected to EVAR and those undergoing open repair (42 vs 47%; absolute risk reduction 5.4%, 95% confidence interval: -13% to +23%). The IMPROVE trial, based on a pragmatic design, demonstrated similar 30-day mortality in the 613 patients randomized to endovascular strategy or open repair (35.4 vs 37.4%, P = 0.62). The average hospital costs within the first 30 days of randomization were similar between the randomized groups, with an incremental cost-saving for the endovascular strategy vs open repair of £1186. Meta-analysis of all three randomized trials in a Cochrane review found no difference in 30-day or in-hospital mortality between EVAR and open repair (odds ratio: 0.91, 95% confidence interval: 0.67-1.22; P = 0.52). In contrast, a systematic review and meta-analysis, mainly of observational, cohort studies, and another large, nationwide study demonstrated EVAR to be associated with improved in-hospital results compared with open repair, as expressed by mortality, severe complications, length of hospital stay and proportion of patients discharged home. Even though randomized trials demonstrate equivalent in-hospital mortality with EVAR and open repair, large-scale, nationwide, observational studies and meta-analyses have shown EVAR to confer improved in-hospital mortality and morbidity in patients with favourable aneurysm morphology stable enough to undergo imaging. Reconfiguration of acute aortic services and establishment of standardized institutional protocols might be advisable for improvements in the management of ruptured AAA. PMID:25281705

Antoniou, George A; Ahmed, Naseer; Georgiadis, George S; Torella, Francesco

2015-01-01

168

Cirugía abierta versus cirugía endovascular en el tratamiento de la patología de la aorta torácica descendente  

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Full Text Available Introducción: El reparo endovascular de la aorta torácica (REVAT se ha incrementado en el mundo en los últimos años con relación al abierto. Objetivo: Comparar los resultados clínicos del REVAT frente al reparo abierto en la Fundación Cardio Infantil (Bogotá, Colombia entre 2002 y 2011. Metodología: Análisis retrospectivo de la cohorte de pacientes sometidos a reparo abierto (grupo 1 en comparación de REVAT (grupo 2. En cada uno de los grupos se evaluó tiempo quirúrgico, tasa de morbilidad, mortalidad, reintervención y estancia hospitalaria. Resultados: Se incluyeron 57 pacientes en el análisis (26 % reparo abierto; 74 % REVAT. Se reintervinieron dos pacientes por endofugas tipo 1 en el grupo 2 y un caso por sangrado en el grupo 1. La mortalidad operatoria fue para el grupo 1 de 20 %, y para el grupo 2, de 2,3 %. El tiempo quirúrgico fue de 398 ± 180 min (grupo 1 versus 85,5 ± 35 min (grupo 2 (p = 0,0001 y el tiempo de estancia hospitalaria promedio fue de 9,8 días (grupo 1 y 5,3 días (grupo 2 [p = 0,01]. El tiempo promedio de seguimiento fue 4,8 ± 3,1 años. Conclusiones: El REVAT parece ofrecer menor morbilidad, mortalidad, tiempo quirúrgico y estancia hospitalaria respecto al reparo abierto, aunque las poblaciones de pacientes incluidos no fueron estrictamente comparables. Se requieren nuevos análisis en un diseño prospectivo, idealmente aleatorizado para documentar los beneficios a largo plazo de este tipo de reparo.

Mauricio Pel\\u00E1ez

2012-01-01

169

Prospective, intraindividual comparison of MRI versus MDCT for endoleak detection after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms  

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This study compares MRI and MDCT for endoleak detection after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (EVAR). Forty-three patients with previous EVAR underwent both MRI (2D T1-FFE unenhanced and contrast-enhanced; 3D triphasic contrast-enhanced) and 16-slice MDCT (unenhanced and biphasic contrast-enhanced) within 1 week of each other for endoleak detection. MRI was performed by using a high-relaxivity contrast medium (gadobenate dimeglumine, MultiHance registered). Two blinded, independent observers evaluated MRI and MDCT separately. Consensus reading of MRI and MDCT studies was defined as reference standard. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were calculated and Cohen's k statistics were used to estimate agreement between readers. Twenty endoleaks were detected in 18 patients at consensus reading (12 type II and 8 indeterminate endoleaks). Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for endoleak detection were 100%, 92%, and 96%, respectively, for reader 1 (95%, 81%, 87% for reader 2) for MRI and 55%, 100%, and 80% for reader 1 (60%, 100%, 82% for reader 2) for MDCT. Interobserver agreement was excellent for MDCT (k = 0.96) and good for MRI (k = 0.81). MRI with the use of a high-relaxivity contrast agent is significantly superior in the detection of endoleaks after EVAR compared with MDCT. MRI may therefore become the preferred technique for patient follow-up after EVAR. (orig.)

Alerci, Mario; Wyttenbach, Rolf [Ospedale San Giovanni Bellinzona (EOC), Department of Radiology, Bellinzona (Switzerland); Oberson, Michel; Gallino, Augusto [Ospedale San Giovanni Bellinzona (EOC), Department of Cardiology, Bellinzona (Switzerland); Fogliata, Antonella [Ospedale San Giovanni Bellinzona (EOC), Department of Medical Physics, Bellinzona (Switzerland); Vock, Peter [Inselspital, University of Berne, Department of Radiology, Berne (Switzerland)

2009-05-15

170

Can Surgeons Assess CT Suitability for Endovascular Repair (EVAR) in Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm? Implications for a Ruptured EVAR Trial  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to determine whether surgeons without formal radiological training are able to assess suitability of patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) for EVAR. The CT scans of 20 patients with AAA were reviewed under timed conditions by six vascular surgeons. Twenty minutes was allocated per scan. They were asked to determine if each aneurysm would be treatable by EVAR in the emergency setting and, if so, to measure for device selection. The results were then compared with those of a vascular radiologist. Six surgeons agreed on the suitability of endovascular repair in 45% of cases (95% CI, 23.1-68.5%; 9/20 scans; ? = 0.41 [p = 0.01]) and concurred with the radiologist in eight of these. Individually, agreement ranged from 13 to 16 of the 20 scans, 65-80% between surgeons. The kappa value for agreement between all the surgeons and the radiologist was 0.47 (p = 0.01, moderate agreement). For the individual surgeons, this ranged from 0.3 to 0.6 (p = 0.01). In conclusion, while overall agreement was moderate between the surgeons and the radiologist, it is clear that if surgeons are to assess patients for ruptured EVAR in the future, focused training of surgical trainees is required.

171

Tissue Responses to Endovascular Stent Grafts for Saccular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms in a Canine Model  

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We investigated tissue responses to endoskeleton stent grafts for saccular abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) in canines. Saccular AAAs were made with Dacron patch in 8 dogs, and were excluded by endoskeleton stent grafts composed of nitinol stent and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene graft. Animals were sacrificed at 2 months (Group 1; n = 3) or 6 months (Group 2; n = 5) after the placement, respectively. The aortas embedding stent grafts were excised en bloc for gross inspection and sliced at...

Kim, Hyun Beom; Choi, Young Ho; So, Young Ho; Min, Seung-kee; Kim, Hyo-cheol; Kim, Young Il; Park, Jae Hyung; Chung, Jin Wook

2012-01-01

172

Outcomes of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in Patients with Hostile Neck Anatomy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose. The principal anatomic contraindication to endovascular aneurysm repair (EVR) is an unfavorable proximal aortic neck. With increasing experience, a greater proportion of patients with unfavorable neck anatomy are being offered EVR. This study aimed to evaluate outcomes in patients with challenging proximal aortic neck anatomy. Methods. Prospectively collected data from 147 consecutive patients who underwent EVR between December 1997 and April 2005 were supplemented with a retrospective review of medical records and radiological images. Unfavorable anatomic features were defined as neck diameter >28 mm, angulation >60 deg., circumferential thrombus >50%, and length 30 days) (p = 0.57), distal type I endoleak (p = 0.40), type III endoleak (p 0.51), secondary interventions (p = 1.0), aneurysm sac expansion (p = 0.44), or 30 day mortality (p = 0.70). The good neck group had a significantly increased incidence of type II endoleak (p = 0.023). By multivariate analysis, the incidence of intraoperative adjunctive procedures was signifoperative adjunctive procedures was significantly increased in the presence of severe angulation (p = 0.041, OR 3.08, 95% CI 1.05-9.04). Conclusion. Patients with severely hostile proximal aortic neck anatomy may be treated with EVR, although severely angulated necks require additional intraoperative procedures. Early outcomes are encouraging and suggest that indications for EVR may be expanded to include patients with hostile neck anatomy

173

Multislice CT Angiography of Fenestrated Endovascular Stent Grafting for Treating Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: a Pictorial Review of the 2D/3D Visualizations  

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Fenestrated endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm has been developed to treat patients with a short or complicated aneurysm neck. Fenestration involves creating an opening in the graft fabric to accommodate the orifice of the vessel that is targeted for preservation. Fixation of the fenestration to the renal arteries and the other visceral arteries can be done by implanting bare or covered stents across the graft-artery ostia interfaces so that a portion of the stent protrudes into the aortic lumen. Accurate alignment of the targeted vessels in a longitudinal aspect is hard to achieve during stent deployment because rotation of the stent graft may take place during delivery from the sheath. Understanding the 3D relationship of the aortic branches and the fenestrated vessel stents following fenestration will aid endovascular specialists to evaluate how the stent graft is situated within the aorta after placement of fenestrations. The aim of this article is to provide the 2D and 3D imaging appearances of the fenestrated endovascular grafts that were implanted in a group of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms, based on the multislice CT angiography. The potential applications of each visualization technique were explored and compared with the 2D axial images

174

Mortalidade relacionada ao tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal com o uso dos modelos revisados Procedure-related mortality of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair using revised reporting standards  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a definição da mortalidade relacionada ao procedimento após tratamento endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal (EVAR como definido pelo Committee for Standardized Reporting Practices in Vascular Surgery. MÉTODO: Dados de pacientes com aneurisma de aorta abdominal foram analisados do banco de dados EUROSTAR. Os pacientes foram submetidos ao EVAR entre junho de 1996 a fevereiro de 2004 e foram estudados retrospectivamente. A probabilidade explicita da causa de morte foi registrada. O intervalo entre a operação, alta hospitalar ou intervenção secundária até a morte foi registrado. RESULTADOS: De um total de 5612 pacientes, 589 (10,5% faleceram após o EVAR em acompanhamento total e qualquer causa de morte foi inclusa. Cento e quarenta e um pacientes (12,5% morreram devido a causa relacionada ao aneurisma, sendo que 28 (4,8% foram rupturas, 25 (4,2% infecções do implante e 88 (14,9% foram pacientes que morreram num prazo de 30 dias após o procedimento inicial (definição atualmente utilizada, também conhecido como resultado clínico a curto prazo. Além disso, 25 pacientes faleceram após 30 dias, mas continuavam ainda hospitalizados (ou transferidos a home-care para reavaliação posterior, ou necessitaram intervenção secundária. Levando em conta a duração da admissão ao hospital e a mortalidade imediata após o procedimento relacionada a intervenções secundárias, 49 mortes tardias também podem ser relacionadas ao EVAR. CONCLUSÃO: Morte tardia compõe uma proporção considerável da mortalidade relacionada ao EVAR dentro do tempo de análise revisado.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the definition of Procedure-related mortality after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR as defined by the Committee for Standardized Reporting Practices in Vascular Surgery. METHODS: Data on patients with an AAA were taken from the EUROSTAR database. The patients underwent EVAR between June 1996 and February 2004 and were analyzed retrospectively. Explicit probability of cause of death was recorded. The time interval from operation, hospital discharge or second interventions till death was recorded. RESULTS: A total of 589 out of 5612 patients (10.5% died after EVAR in total follow up and all causes of death were included. 141 (2.5% patients died due to aneurysms reported after the EVAR procedure of which 28 (4.8% were ruptures, 25 (4.2% graft-infections and 88 (14.9% patients who died within 30 days after the initial procedure (present definition, also known as short term clinical outcome. In addition 25 patients died after 30 days, but were then (at moment of death still in the hospital, or were transferred to a nursing home for further re-evaluation, or needed second interventions. Taking into account the duration of hospitalization and mortality immediately after procedure-related second interventions, 49 delayed deaths might also be regarded as being EVAR procedure-related. CONCLUSION: Delayed deaths are a considerable proportion of procedure-related deaths after EVAR within the revised time frame.

Gosen Gabriel Konig

2007-03-01

175

Mortalidade relacionada ao tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal com o uso dos modelos revisados / Procedure-related mortality of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair using revised reporting standards  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a definição da mortalidade relacionada ao procedimento após tratamento endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal (EVAR) como definido pelo Committee for Standardized Reporting Practices in Vascular Surgery. MÉTODO: Dados de pacientes com aneurisma de aor [...] ta abdominal foram analisados do banco de dados EUROSTAR. Os pacientes foram submetidos ao EVAR entre junho de 1996 a fevereiro de 2004 e foram estudados retrospectivamente. A probabilidade explicita da causa de morte foi registrada. O intervalo entre a operação, alta hospitalar ou intervenção secundária até a morte foi registrado. RESULTADOS: De um total de 5612 pacientes, 589 (10,5%) faleceram após o EVAR em acompanhamento total e qualquer causa de morte foi inclusa. Cento e quarenta e um pacientes (12,5%) morreram devido a causa relacionada ao aneurisma, sendo que 28 (4,8%) foram rupturas, 25 (4,2%) infecções do implante e 88 (14,9%) foram pacientes que morreram num prazo de 30 dias após o procedimento inicial (definição atualmente utilizada, também conhecido como resultado clínico a curto prazo). Além disso, 25 pacientes faleceram após 30 dias, mas continuavam ainda hospitalizados (ou transferidos a home-care para reavaliação posterior, ou necessitaram intervenção secundária). Levando em conta a duração da admissão ao hospital e a mortalidade imediata após o procedimento relacionada a intervenções secundárias, 49 mortes tardias também podem ser relacionadas ao EVAR. CONCLUSÃO: Morte tardia compõe uma proporção considerável da mortalidade relacionada ao EVAR dentro do tempo de análise revisado. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the definition of Procedure-related mortality after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) as defined by the Committee for Standardized Reporting Practices in Vascular Surgery. METHODS: Data on patients with an AAA were taken from the EUROSTAR database. [...] The patients underwent EVAR between June 1996 and February 2004 and were analyzed retrospectively. Explicit probability of cause of death was recorded. The time interval from operation, hospital discharge or second interventions till death was recorded. RESULTS: A total of 589 out of 5612 patients (10.5%) died after EVAR in total follow up and all causes of death were included. 141 (2.5%) patients died due to aneurysms reported after the EVAR procedure of which 28 (4.8%) were ruptures, 25 (4.2%) graft-infections and 88 (14.9%) patients who died within 30 days after the initial procedure (present definition, also known as short term clinical outcome). In addition 25 patients died after 30 days, but were then (at moment of death) still in the hospital, or were transferred to a nursing home for further re-evaluation, or needed second interventions. Taking into account the duration of hospitalization and mortality immediately after procedure-related second interventions, 49 delayed deaths might also be regarded as being EVAR procedure-related. CONCLUSION: Delayed deaths are a considerable proportion of procedure-related deaths after EVAR within the revised time frame.

Gosen Gabriel, Konig; S.R., Vallabhneni; Corinne J. Van, Marrewijk; Lina J., Leurs; Robert J.F., Laheij; Jacob, Buth.

2007-03-01

176

Abdominal aortic aneurysmal and endovascular device infection with iliopsoas abscess caused by Mycobacterium bovis as a complication of intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy.  

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Vascular complications after the intravesical instillation of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy are extremely rare. We experienced a case of abdominal aortic aneurysmal infection excluded by a stent graft with an iliopsoas abscess after intravesical instillation of BCG therapy that required reoperation. Five years ago, an 81-year-old man was diagnosed with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. After transurethral resection of the bladder tumor and intravesical BCG therapy, a radical cystectomy was performed. Twenty-four months after intravesical BCG therapy, follow-up an abdominal computed tomographic (CT) scan revealed an aortic abdominal aneurysm. Endovascular aneurysm repair was performed, and the aneurysm was excluded postoperatively. Thirty months after the endovascular aneurysm repair (and 54 months after intravesical BCG therapy), a follow-up abdominal CT revealed a low-density area in the right iliopsoas muscle that formed a fistula to the excluded aneurysm. We performed CT-guided iliopsoas abscess drainage and collected yellow pus. Polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that the pus was positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. The patient was diagnosed with abdominal aortic aneurysmal infection associated with iliopsoas abscess caused by Mycobacterium bovis, and surgery was performed. We performed an extra-anatomical bypass and removed the stent graft with debridement. When the aneurysmal wall was incised and resected, yellow pus surrounded the stent graft. In addition, a large fistula was present between the right posterolateral aortic aneurysmal wall and the iliopsoas abscess cavity. After the operation, the histopathological examination of excised abdominal aortic aneurysmal wall tissue revealed an epithelioid granuloma with caseous necrosis involving multinucleated giant cells, indicating M tuberculosis complex infection. Although the intravesical instillation of BCG therapy is considered safe, complications resulting from vascular infections can arise in extremely rare cases. The complication described in this case report emphasizes the need to cautiously select treatment for a mycotic aortic aneurysm after intravesical instillation of BCG therapy. PMID:23972639

Mizoguchi, Hiroki; Iida, Osamu; Dohi, Tomoharu; Tomoda, Kaname; Kimura, Hayato; Inoue, Kazushige; Iwata, Takashi; Tei, Keikou; Miura, Takuya

2013-11-01

177

Intraoperative DynaCT Detection and Immediate Correction of a Type 1a Endoleak Following Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Reintervention following endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is required in up to 10% of patients at 30 days and is associated with a demonstrable risk of increased mortality. Completion angiography cannot detect all graft-related anomalies and computed tomographic angiography is therefore mandatory to ensure clinical success. Intraoperative angiographic computed tomography (DynaCT; Siemens, Germany) utilizes cone beam reconstruction software and flat-panel detectors to generate CT-like images from rotational angiographic acquisitions. We report the intraoperative use of this novel technology in detecting and immediately treating a proximal anterior type Ia endoleak, following an endovascular abdominal aortic repair, which was not seen on completion angiography. Immediate evaluation of cross-sectional imaging following endograft deployment may allow for on-table correction of clinically significant stent-related complications. This should both improve technical success and minimize the need for early secondary intervention following EVAR.

178

Chronic Contained Rupture of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: From Diagnosis to Endovascular Resolution  

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A male patient, 69 years old, presented with fever, leucocytosis, and persistent low back pain; he also had an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), as previously diagnosed by Doppler UltraSound (US), and was admitted to our hospital. On multislice computed tomography (msCT), a large abdominal mass having no definite border and involving the aorta and both of the psoas muscles was seen. This mass involved the forth-lumbar vertebra with lysis, thus simulating AAA rupture into a paraspinal collection; it was initially considered a paraspinal abscess. After magnetic resonance imaging examination and culture of the fluid aspirated from the mass, no infective organisms were found; therefore, a diagnosisof chronically contained AAA rupture was made, and an aortic endoprosthesis was subsequently implanted. The patient was discharged with decreased lumbar pain. At 12-month follow-up, no evidence of leakage was observed. To our knowledge, this is the first case of endoprosthesis implantation in a patient, who was a poor candidate for surgical intervention due to renal failure, leucocytosis and high fever, having a chronically contained AAA ruptured simulatingspodilodiscitis abscess. Appropriate diagnosis and therapy resolved potentially crippling pathology and avoided surgical graft-related complications.

179

Unfavorable iliac artery anatomy causing access limitations during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: application of the endoconduit technique / Tratamento endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal associado à dificuldade no acesso aórtico devido a artérias ilíacas de pequeno calibre: aplicação técnica do Endoconduíte  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O tratamento endovascular para aneurisma de aorta abdominal (AAA) já está bastante difundido, sendo considerado como primeira escolha na maioria dos casos. Limitações no acesso pelas artérias ilíacas tortuosas, com estenoses, calibre pequeno ou doença oclusiva já foram contornadas com o uso de condu [...] tos, dissecção direta aortoilíaca, angioplastias, entre outros procedimentos. O objetivo deste desafio é mostrar as vantagens e limitações de cada alternativa, além de apresentar o resultado e as dificuldades com o endoconduíte. Abstract in english Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is already considered the first choice treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Several different strategies have been used to address limitations to arterial access caused by unfavorable iliac artery anatomy. The aim of this report is to illustrate the adv [...] antages and limitations of each option and present the results of using the internal endoconduit technique and the difficulties involved.

Rodrigo Gibin, Jaldin; Marcone Lima, Sobreira; Regina, Moura; Matheus, Bertanha; Jamil Víctor de Oliveira, Mariaúba; Rafael Elias Farres, Pimenta; Ricardo de Alvarenga, Yoshida; Winston Bonetti, Yoshida.

2014-12-01

180

Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: surveillance of endoleak using maximum transverse diameter of aorta on non-enhanced CT  

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Background. Repeat volumetric analysis of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) after endovascular AAA repair (EVAR) is time-consuming and requires advanced processing, dedicated equipment, and skilled operators. Purpose. To clarify the validity of measuring the maximal short-axis diameter (Dmax) of AAA in follow-up non-enhanced axial CT as a means of detecting substantial endoleaks after EVAR. Material and Methods. CT images were retrospectively reviewed in 47 patients (7 women, 40 men; mean age, 76.2 years) who had no endoleak on initial contrast-enhanced CT after EVAR. Regular follow-up CT studies were performed every 6 months. At each CT study, the Dmax on the CT axial image was measured and compared with that on the last CT (115 data-sets). Contrast-enhanced CT was regarded as the standard of reference to decide the presence or absence of endoleaks. The appearance of endoleak was defined as the end point of this study. Results. Endoleaks were detected in 17 patients during the follow-up period. Mean Dmax changes for 6 months were significant between positive and negative endoleak cases (1.8 {+-} 1.9 vs. -1.1 {+-} 3.0 mm, P < 0.0001). When the Dmax change {<=} 0 mm for 6 months was used as the threshold for negative endoleak, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 74.5, 82.4, 96.1, and 35.9%, respectively. When Dmax change {<=}-1 mm was used as the threshold, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 38.8, 100, 100, and 22.1%, respectively. Conclusion. Contrast-enhanced CT is not required for the evaluation of endoleaks when the Dmax decreases by at least 1 mm over 6 months after EVAR.

Nagayama, Hiroki; Sueyoshi, Eijun; Sakamoto, Ichiro; Uetani, Masataka [Dept. of Radiology, Nagasaki Univ. School of Medicine, Nagasaki (Japan)], E-mail: sueyo@nagasaki-u.ac.jp

2012-07-15

 
 
 
 
181

Experience with the Endologix Powerlink endograft in endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms with short and angulated necks.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) for anatomically suitable abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) has gained wide acceptance in the past decade, and EVAR for anatomically challenging or unsuitable AAAs such as short and angulated neck AAAs has become a hotly debated subject. The objective of this study is to summarize the unique experience of EVAR for short / angulated neck AAAs with Powerlink unibody bifurcated stent-graft. Data were retrospectively analyzed from 519 patients in our single unit from February 1999 to December 2007 who underwent EVAR using the Powerlink endograft, and had short or angulated necks. Short neck was defined as or = 60 degrees angulation between the longitudinal axis of infrarenal aorta and the aneurysm. The unique strategy of treating short / angulated neck AAAs is to build up the endoluminal exclusion system from the native aortic bifurcation to the renal artery level with suprarenal fixation. The Powerlink unibody bifurcated stent graft was implanted anatomically fixed on the aortic bifurcation and a long suprarenal cuff was built up to the renal arteries. A Palmaz stent can be used for proximal fixation and sealing enhancement in the most challenging necks. The follow-up imaging was performed at 1 month, 6 months, and yearly thereafter. The technical success rate was 97.4% (114/117). Intraoperative complications included 3 conversions due to delivery access problems, 6 proximal type I endoleaks, and 5 type II endoleaks. The 30-day mortality was 1.7% (2/117). The 2.6-year follow-up showed 4 (3.4%) proximal type I endoleaks, which were revised with proximal cuff and/or Palmaz stent. Limb occlusion occurred in 2 cases, and the total re-intervention rate was 5.3%. Three (2.6%) type II endoleaks were left in observation. There were 3 (2.6%) partial renal infarctions, no stent-graft distal migration, and no post-EVAR ruptures. Our experience demonstrates that building up the endoluminal exclusion system from the abdominal aortic bifurcation to the renal artery level using the Powerlink fully supported unibody bifurcated stent-graft with a long suprarenal cuff, and a Palmaz stent when needed, proved safe and effective in treating AAAs with short and angulated necks. PMID:18573806

Qu, Lefeng; Raithel, Dieter

2008-06-01

182

Oclusión intencional de la arteria subclavia izquierda durante el tratamiento endovascular de la aorta torácica descendente / Intentional Occlusion of the Left Subclavian Artery during Endovascular Repair of the Descending Thoracic Aorta  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción La seguridad y la eficacia del tratamiento endovascular de la aorta torácica descendente dependen de ciertas condiciones anatómicas, en particular de la presencia de un segmento sano de aorta (cuello proximal). En una proporción importante de pacientes, este cuello proximal es insuficie [...] nte o inexistente. Un bypass o transposición de la arteria subclavia izquierda permitiría mantener una perfusión adecuada del brazo izquierdo luego del implante de la endoprótesis. Sin embargo, este abordaje quirúrgico no siempre es factible en pacientes inestables, tratados de forma urgente o que presentan múltiples comorbilidades. Objetivo Evaluar las consecuencias clínicas y neurológicas de la oclusión intencional de la arteria subclavia izquierda durante el tratamiento endovascular de la aorta torácica descendente. Material y métodos Entre agosto de 1999 y febrero de 2010, 136 pacientes fueron tratados consecutivamente con implante de endoprótesis autoexpandibles. En 29 pacientes (21%) con ausencia de un cuello proximal adecuado (sector sano de aorta ? 15 mm de longitud) se debió cubrir intencionalmente el origen de la arteria subclavia izquierda. En todos los casos, previo al tratamiento se realizó una angiografía selectiva de la arteria vertebral derecha con el objetivo de confirmar la permeabilidad de ésta y la conformación de la circulación vertebrobasilar. Resultados Se trataron 20 hombres y 9 mujeres, cuya edad media fue de 62 (49-72) años. La patología de base fue disección aórtica tipo B aguda (n = 4), disección aórtica tipo B crónica (n = 14), hematoma intramural (n = 1), aneurisma verdadero (n = 7), úlcera aórtica (n = 1) y seudoaneurisma traumático (n = 2). El implante del dispositivo fue exitoso en todos los pacientes. No se registraron complicaciones clínicas ni neurológicas a 29 (13-50) meses de seguimiento medio. Conclusiones La utilización de criterios de selección estrictos permite la oclusión intencional de la arteria subclavia izquierda durante el tratamiento endovascular de la aorta torácica descendente, sin aumentar la incidencia de complicaciones mayores. Así, la revascularización quirúrgica queda reservada para pacientes con síntomas graves de isquemia durante el seguimiento. Abstract in english Background Safety and efficacy of endovascular repair of the descending thoracic aorta depends on certain anatomic conditions, especially on the presence of a suitable proximal neck. This proximal neck is insufficient or absent in many patients. The use of left subclavian-carotid transposition or le [...] ft carotid-tosubclavian artery bypass might allow an adequate perfusion of the left arm after the implantation of the stent-graft. However, this surgical approach is not feasible in unstable patients undergoing emergency surgery or with multiple comorbidities. Objective To evaluate the clinical and neurological outcomes of the intentional occlusion of the left subclavian artery during endovascular repair of the descending thoracic aorta. Material and Methods Between August 1999 and February 2010, 136 patients consecutively underwent implantation of self-expandable stent-grafts. The origin of the left subclavian artery was intentionally covered in 29 patients (21%) with absence of adequate proximal neck (normal aortic segment ?15 mm long). Before the procedure, all patients underwent selective angiography of the right vertebral artery to exclude stenosis and to evaluate vertebrobasilar circulation. Results A total of 20 men and 9 women were treated; mean age was 62 (49-72) years. Stent-graft implantation was indicated due to acute type B aortic dissection (n=4), chronic type B aortic dissection (n=14), intramural hematoma (n=1), true aneurysm (n=7), aortic ulcer (n=1), and traumatic pseudoaneurysm (n=2). The device was successfully implanted in all patients. No clinical or neurological complications were reported after a mean follow-up of 29 months (13-50). Conclusions The use of s

Hernán G, Bertoni; Fabián A, Azzari; Germán A, Girela; Gustavo A, Salvo; Alejandro, de la Vega; Gonzalo A, Romero; Natalia, Bourques; Adrián A, Charask; Jorge H, Leguizamón.

2011-02-01

183

Transección traumática aguda de la aorta torácica: Tratamiento endovascular Endovascular treatment of acute traumatic rupture of the thoracic aorta: Report of one case  

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Full Text Available Traumatic rupture of the aorta has a near 80% mortality. Most patients die on the site of the accident. Conventional surgical repair of these lesions has a high morbidity and mortality, generally associated to the severity of associated lesions. Over the last decade, endovascular treatment has become an effective therapeutic alternative. We report a 40 years old male, that suffered a traumatic rupture of the descending thoracic aorta in a car accident. A successful endovascular repair was performed, installing an endoprothesis on the site of the lesion, using a femoral artery approach. The patient had a good postoperative evolution and was discharged from the hospital once complete rehabilitation of his associated lesions was obtained (Rev Méd Chile 2003; 131: 309-13.

Nelson Sepúlveda Sch

2003-03-01

184

Tissue responses to endovascular stent grafts for saccular abdominal aortic aneurysms in a canine model.  

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We investigated tissue responses to endoskeleton stent grafts for saccular abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) in canines. Saccular AAAs were made with Dacron patch in 8 dogs, and were excluded by endoskeleton stent grafts composed of nitinol stent and expanded polytetrafluoroethylene graft. Animals were sacrificed at 2 months (Group 1; n = 3) or 6 months (Group 2; n = 5) after the placement, respectively. The aortas embedding stent grafts were excised en bloc for gross inspection and sliced at 5 to 8 mm intervals for histopathologic evaluation. Stent grafts were patent in all except a dog showing a thrombotic occlusion in Group 2. In the 7 dogs with patent lumen, the graft overhanging the saccular aneurysm was covered by thick or thin thrombi with no endothelial layer, and the graft over the aortic wall was completely covered by neointima with an endothelial layer. Transgraft cell migration was less active at an aneurysm than at adjacent normal aorta. In conclusion, endoskeleton stent grafts over saccular aneurysms show no endothelial coverage and poor transgraft cell migration in a canine model. PMID:23091313

Kim, Hyun Beom; Choi, Young Ho; So, Young Ho; Min, Seung-Kee; Kim, Hyo-Cheol; Kim, Young Il; Park, Jae Hyung; Chung, Jin Wook

2012-10-01

185

Combined endovascular and surgical treatment of melanoma of the nasal cavity: a case report; Melanoma de fosas nasales. Tratamiento combinado endovascular y quirurgico. A proposito de un caso  

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Melanoma of the nasal cavity is a rare tumor with a worse prognosis than cutaneous melanoma. It usually presents as nasal obstruction and/or epistaxis. The observation of a pigmented mass in the nasal cavity is highly suggestive of this lesion. Computed tomography shows a mass with nonspecific features. In magnetic resonance studies, it has a characteristics signal consisting of hyperintensity of T1-weighted images and hypointensity on T2-weighted images, depending on the amount of melanin. The treatment of choice is surgical resection. We present a case of melanoma of the nasal cavity in which endovascular embolization of the tumor was performed prior to surgical treatment. (Author) 11 refs.

Romero, A.; Delgado, F.; Ramos, M.; Bravo, F. [Hospital Universitario Reina Sofia. Cordoba (Spain)

2000-07-01

186

Is intervention better than surveillance in patients with type 2 endoleak post-endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair?  

Science.gov (United States)

A best evidence topic in vascular surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether, in patients with persistent type 2 endoleak (T2EL) post-endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR), intervention is associated with better outcomes than observation. Four hundred and eighty-three papers were found using the reported search, of which 12 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. In a recently published systematic review including 21 744 patients who underwent EVAR, 35.4% of T2ELs resolved spontaneously, 28.5% of secondary interventions were unsuccessful and rupture occurred in only 0.9% of patients with isolated T2EL. Spontaneous sealing in 62-75% of T2ELs were reported by two included studies. A failure rate of 80% associated with transarterial embolization in aggressive treatment of any T2EL was reported by one study. Conversely, another study reported a clinical success rate of 80% associated with the transarterial approach. One study reported that of patients who underwent embolization of a persistent T2EL, 37.9% continued to experience sac growth and 20% had recurrent endoleak at 5 years. One study demonstrated that the transealing procedure for T2EL had a technical success rate of 94.1%. We conclude that the available evidence with regard to management of persistent T2EL is mainly based on retrospective case series. Conflicting results from heterogeneous studies, however, failed to support an optimal threshold for intervention. Considering the reported relatively benign natural course of most T2ELs and the fact that most T2ELs seal spontaneously, conservative management of persistent T2EL in the absence of sac expansion might be appropriate. Where intervention is indicated, imaging should exclude occult type I and III leaks as ?25% are not simple T2EL. Translumbar embolization of T2EL is associated with higher success rates than transarterial. Following a successful intervention, continued long-term surveillance is necessary due to the high risk (25-80%) of recurrence. The current evidence indicates that aneurysmal rupture due to an isolated T2EL is rare. Long-term prospective studies may provide better evidence to define the optimal threshold for intervention. PMID:25301297

Hajibandeh, Shahin; Ahmad, Naseer; Antoniou, George A; Torella, Francesco

2015-01-01

187

Pseudoaneurisma traumático de troncos supra-aórticos: tratamiento endovascular. Casos clínicos Endovascular treatment of traumatic pseudoaneurysms of aortic arch branches: Report of three cases  

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Full Text Available The traditional treatment of traumatic lesions of the aortic arch branches requires extended surgical exposures, not exempt of morbidity and mortality. Over the last decade, devices that allow a minimally invasive treatment, have been developed. The vessel can be repaired without direct exposure, using an endovascular procedure. We report three patients with traumatic pseudoaneurysms of the left subclavian, brachiocephalic and left common carotid arteries, respectively. All lesions were successfully repaired with the insertion of an endograft. Although long term results of these procedure are unknown, repair of a future stenosis or occlusion is less complicated than the treatment required by the original lesion. Endoluminal repair appears as a safe, efficient and less invasive treatment for these lesions. (Rev Méd Chile 2002; 130: 1027-32

Renato Mertens M

2002-09-01

188

Pseudoaneurisma traumático de troncos supra-aórticos: tratamiento endovascular. Casos clínicos / Endovascular treatment of traumatic pseudoaneurysms of aortic arch branches: Report of three cases  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english The traditional treatment of traumatic lesions of the aortic arch branches requires extended surgical exposures, not exempt of morbidity and mortality. Over the last decade, devices that allow a minimally invasive treatment, have been developed. The vessel can be repaired without direct exposure, us [...] ing an endovascular procedure. We report three patients with traumatic pseudoaneurysms of the left subclavian, brachiocephalic and left common carotid arteries, respectively. All lesions were successfully repaired with the insertion of an endograft. Although long term results of these procedure are unknown, repair of a future stenosis or occlusion is less complicated than the treatment required by the original lesion. Endoluminal repair appears as a safe, efficient and less invasive treatment for these lesions. (Rev Méd Chile 2002; 130: 1027-32)

Renato, Mertens M; Francisco, Valdés E; Albrecht, Kramer S; Leopoldo, Mariné M; Jeannette, Vergara G; Magaly, Valdebenito C.

1027-10-01

189

Síndrome de la vena cava superior en el posoperatorio inmediato de trasplante cardíaco: tratamiento endovascular / Endovascular Treatment of Superior Vena Cava Syndrome in the Immediate Postoperative Period of Heart Transplantation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El trasplante cardíaco está indicado en pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca terminal sin opción de tratamiento médico, intervencionista o quirúrgico y puede realizarse utilizando fundamentalmente tres variantes técnicas. El beneficio de la técnica bicava en términos de parámetros hemodinámicos y cl [...] ínicos la ha convertido en la más utilizada, aunque es técnicamente más demandante y puede tener algunas consecuencias, como estenosis en las anastomosis de las venas cavas. En esta presentación se describe el caso de un paciente sometido a trasplante cardíaco ortotópico con técnica bicava que en el primer día del posoperatorio desarrolló el síndrome de la vena cava superior. Durante el segundo día posoperatorio y ante sintomatología progresiva, a pesar de haberse administrado anticoagulación, se decidió realizar una flebografía diagnóstica y al mismo tiempo tratamiento endovascular. En ese procedimiento se recanalizó la vena cava superior y se implantaron tres stents autoexpandibles, con lo que se logró permeabilidad de la anastomosis entre las venas cavas donante y receptora, la vena cava superior y la subclavia derecha. La evolución fue favorable con alivio inmediato de la sintomatología. El paciente fue dado de alta sin complicaciones.

Ricardo G, Marenchino; Román D, Rostagno; César A, Belziti; Héctor D, Albornoz; Alberto, Domenech; Norberto, Vulcano; Ricardo D, García Mónaco; Roberto R, Batelini.

2011-10-01

190

Tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta abdominal com anatomia complexa: resultados preliminares com a segunda geração de endoprótese com arcabouço metálico circular / Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms with complex anatomy: preliminary results of the second generation stent graft with a dual-ring design  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: O tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta abdominal tem revolucionado o tratamento dessa afecção, em decorrência das baixas taxas de morbidade e mortalidade. Apesar dos avanços tecnológicos ocorridos nas endopróteses, ainda existem limitações anatômicas para o emprego da técnica. [...] Este estudo teve por objetivo avaliar os resultados imediatos do tratamento de pacientes portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal com anatomia complexa com uma endoprótese de segunda geração. MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional, prospectivo, não-randomizado, realizado em um único centro, em uma série de pacientes submetidos a tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal infrarrenais complexos, com prótese com arcabouço metálico disposta em anéis (Anaconda™ - Vascutek, Terumo, Inchinnan, Escócia). Foram avaliados as características clínicas e angiográficas, o sucesso técnico, o sucesso terapêutico, a morbidade e a mortalidade, e a taxa de reintervenção perioperatória. RESULTADOS: Foram analisados, no período de fevereiro de 2010 a dezembro de 2011, 108 pacientes consecutivos portadores de aneurisma da aorta, dos quais 16 eram portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal com anatomia complexa tratados com a prótese Anaconda™. A média de idade foi de 76 + 7 anos e 75% eram do sexo masculino. Houve sucesso técnico em 94% e êxito terapêutico em 75% dos casos. Ocorreu um óbito no pós-operatório. As complicações perioperatórias mais prevalentes foram sangramento da ferida operatória (2/16) e embolia periférica (2/16). Foram necessárias reintervenções em 12,5% dos pacientes durante o seguimento. CONCLUSÕES: Neste estudo, a segunda geração da endoprótese Anaconda™ foi efetiva e apresenta resultados imediatos satisfatórios no tratamento do aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal de anatomia complexa. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Endovascular treatment has revolutionized the therapeutic approach to abdominal aortic aneurysms due to its low morbidity and mortality rates. Despite the technological advances, there still are anatomical limitations on the use of stent grafts. This study aimed to evaluate the immediate [...] clinical results in patients with complex abdominal aortic aneurysms treated with a second generation stent graft. METHODS: This is an observational, prospective, non-randomized, single-center study in a series of patients undergoing endovascular repair of complex infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysms, using a stent graft with a dual-ring stent design (Anaconda™ - Vascutek, Terumo, Inchinnan, Scotland). Clinical and angiographic characteristics, technical and therapeutic success rates, morbidity and mortality and perioperative reintervention rates were evaluated. RESULTS: Between February 2010 and December 2011, 108 consecutive patients with aortic aneurysms were treated, of whom 16 had complex abdominal aortic aneurysms, treated with the Anaconda™ AAA Stent Graft System. Mean age was 76 + 7 years and 75% were males. Technical success was observed in 94% and therapeutic success in 75% of cases. There was one postoperative death. The most prevalent perioperative complication was surgical wound bleeding (2/16) and peripheral embolism (2/16). Reinterventions were required in 12.5% of the patients during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the second-generation Anaconda™ Stent Graft System was effective and provided satisfactory immediate results in the treatment of complex infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysms.

Patrick Bastos, Metzger; Eduardo Rafael, Novero; Fabio Henrique, Rossi; Samuel Martins, Moreira; Heraldo Antônio, Barbato; Nilo Mitsuru, Izukawa; Vanessa Luciene Abreu de, Marco; Manoel Nicolas, Cano; Antonio Massamitsu, Kambara.

2012-03-01

191

One hundred percent of ruptured aortic abdominal aneurysms can be treated endovascularly if adjunct techniques are used such as chimneys, periscopes and embolization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Observational studies comparing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) with open repair (OR) in ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) have suggested a benefit for EVAR but have been questioned recently by randomized controlled trials (RCT). A low eligibility for endovascular repair is a main limitation of these RCTs. In contrast, data from 473 patients from 1998 to 2011 in the Örebro/Zurich series show that nearly all AAA patients presenting with rupture can in fact be treated with EVAR with a low 30-day mortality rate (24%) and a minimal exclusion rate (4%). By using different adjunct techniques, such as chimneys and periscopes, also juxtarenal aneurysms can be treated even if simultaneous aortic balloon occlusion is necessary. OnyxTM embolization of the internal iliac artery in patients with aortoiliac aneurysms prevents back flow, thus avoiding an endoleak type. From May 2009 until December 2013, 70 patients arrived at Örebro University Hospital with a ruptured AAA diagnose. Nine percent were considered unfit for any intervention (including OR) and were treated medically. All of the 64 patients that underwent surgery were treated with EVAR and 30-day mortality in this group was 17 of 64 patients (27%). The mortality for patients treated with adjunct techniques was not significantly increased compared with patients treated with standard EVAR. In conclusion, our data support that open repair of ruptured AAA can be replaced by EVAR with appropriate management of existing adjunct techniques. PMID:24670825

Larzon, T; Skoog, P

2014-04-01

192

¿Procedimientos endovasculares como tratamiento de la esclerosis múltiple?: La hipótesis de la insuficiencia venosa crónica cerebro medular / Endovascular procedures as multiple sclerosis treatment?: The hipothesis of the chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En este artículo especial de la modalidad "puntos de vista", se revisan los antecedentes bibliográficos principales relacionados a la entidad denominada "Insuficiencia venosa crónica cerebro medular (IVCCM)" cuya formulación ha sido planteada por Zamboni y col, del Centro de Enfermedades Vasculares [...] de la Universidad de Ferrara-Italia quienes le han adjudicado un rol patogénico o de agravación en la Esclerosis Múltiple (EM), que les ha llevado a proponer y realizar procedimientos de angioplastía mediante balón endovascular o stent venoso en pacientes con EM. La revisión de la bibliografía, en esta etapa del conocimiento de la IVCCM, no permite concluir si esta hipotética entidad tiene algún rol en el desarrollo o agravación de la EM. Por otro lado, concordamos con la mayoría de los clínicos e imagenólogos dedicados al estudio y tratamiento de la EM, en la ausencia de argumentos para indicar, alentar o propiciar procedimientos "terapéuticos" endovasculares para la EM. Para avanzar, en el conocimiento de la IVCCM y de eventual relación con la EM, se requieren estudios multicéntricos cuidadosamente conducidos, clínica y metodológicamente rigurosos, aprobados por comités de ética, en pacientes que sean invitados informadamente a participar en protocolos de investigación formales, que cuenten con las protecciones de seguros complementarios pertinentes y responsabilidades del gasto a costas de los investigadores. Abstract in english In this "point of view" or special article, it has been reviewed the main bibliographic antecedents related to the entity denominated as chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI), which formulation has been stated by Zamboni et col, from the Vascular Diseases Center of the University of Fer [...] rara-Italy, who have assigned it a pathogenic role or of aggravation one in Multiple Sclerosis (MS), what has led them to propose and carry out endovascular balloon angioplasty or venous stent in MS patients as a treatment. The bibliographic review at this stage of the knowledge of CCSVI does not let us to conclude whether this hypothetical entity has any role in the development or aggravation of MS. On the other hand, we agree with most of the clinicians and neuroimaging MS researchers because of the absence of arguments to indicate, support or propose envovascular "therapeutic" procedures for MS. To advance in the knowledge of CCSVI and the eventual relation with MS it is required some multicentric controlled studies carefully led and clinical and methodological rigorous procedures approved by committee of ethic in very well informed patients invited to participate in protocols of formal investigation who should be protected by complementary pertinent insurances and responsibilities connected to the investigation expenses.

Jorge, Nogales-Gaete.

2011-03-01

193

¿Procedimientos endovasculares como tratamiento de la esclerosis múltiple?: La hipótesis de la insuficiencia venosa crónica cerebro medular Endovascular procedures as multiple sclerosis treatment?: The hipothesis of the chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available En este artículo especial de la modalidad "puntos de vista", se revisan los antecedentes bibliográficos principales relacionados a la entidad denominada "Insuficiencia venosa crónica cerebro medular (IVCCM" cuya formulación ha sido planteada por Zamboni y col, del Centro de Enfermedades Vasculares de la Universidad de Ferrara-Italia quienes le han adjudicado un rol patogénico o de agravación en la Esclerosis Múltiple (EM, que les ha llevado a proponer y realizar procedimientos de angioplastía mediante balón endovascular o stent venoso en pacientes con EM. La revisión de la bibliografía, en esta etapa del conocimiento de la IVCCM, no permite concluir si esta hipotética entidad tiene algún rol en el desarrollo o agravación de la EM. Por otro lado, concordamos con la mayoría de los clínicos e imagenólogos dedicados al estudio y tratamiento de la EM, en la ausencia de argumentos para indicar, alentar o propiciar procedimientos "terapéuticos" endovasculares para la EM. Para avanzar, en el conocimiento de la IVCCM y de eventual relación con la EM, se requieren estudios multicéntricos cuidadosamente conducidos, clínica y metodológicamente rigurosos, aprobados por comités de ética, en pacientes que sean invitados informadamente a participar en protocolos de investigación formales, que cuenten con las protecciones de seguros complementarios pertinentes y responsabilidades del gasto a costas de los investigadores.In this "point of view" or special article, it has been reviewed the main bibliographic antecedents related to the entity denominated as chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI, which formulation has been stated by Zamboni et col, from the Vascular Diseases Center of the University of Ferrara-Italy, who have assigned it a pathogenic role or of aggravation one in Multiple Sclerosis (MS, what has led them to propose and carry out endovascular balloon angioplasty or venous stent in MS patients as a treatment. The bibliographic review at this stage of the knowledge of CCSVI does not let us to conclude whether this hypothetical entity has any role in the development or aggravation of MS. On the other hand, we agree with most of the clinicians and neuroimaging MS researchers because of the absence of arguments to indicate, support or propose envovascular "therapeutic" procedures for MS. To advance in the knowledge of CCSVI and the eventual relation with MS it is required some multicentric controlled studies carefully led and clinical and methodological rigorous procedures approved by committee of ethic in very well informed patients invited to participate in protocols of formal investigation who should be protected by complementary pertinent insurances and responsibilities connected to the investigation expenses.

Jorge Nogales-Gaete

2011-03-01

194

Adherencias abdominales postquirúrgicas en equinos: patofisiología, prevención y tratamiento / Post-surgical abdominal adhesions in horses: pathophysiology, prevention and treatment  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish A pesar del gran número de investigaciones realizadas tanto en medicina humana como en medicina veterinaria, las adherencias intraabdominales continúan siendo una complicación para los cirujanos en la actualidad. El desarrollo de adherencias intraabdominales es un proceso dinámico y complejo que inv [...] olucra una serie de eventos que comienzan con un proceso inflamatorio y daño tisular, seguido de desbalances en los procesos de fibrinogénesis y fibrinólisis, terminando con la conversión de fibrina a tejido fibroso. En cirugías de intestino delgado en equinos, la incidencia de adherencias va de 14 a 22%, siendo la causa más común de dolor abdominal recurrente y la segunda causa de celiotomías repetidas. Sin embargo, al incluir todas las causas de cirugías abdominales, en esta especie la incidencia de adherencias es de aproximadamente un 5%. El mayor conocimiento del mecanismo celular de la formación y reformación de adherencias debe llevar a reducir su incidencia. Actualmente, existen una serie de métodos de prevención y tratamientos destinados a disminuir o evitar la aparición de adherencias intraabdominales. El objetivo de esta revisión bibliográfica fue el de recopilar la mayor información disponible e investigaciones que expliquen de mejor manera la fisiopatología, prevención y tratamiento de la formación de adherencias intraabdominales. Abstract in english Despite the great number of human and veterinary medicine research, abdominal adhesions are still a big concern and a frequent complication for surgeons. The development of abdominal adhesions is a complex and dynamic process that involves a series of different mechanisms that start with an inflamma [...] tory process and tissue damage, followed by a fibrinogenic and fibrinolytic unbalance and ends with a change from fibrin deposit to fibrous tissue. In horses, after small intestine surgeries, adhesion incidence ranges from 14 to 22%. It is the most frequent cause of recurrent abdominal pain and the second cause for repeat celiotomy. Nevertheless, when all equine abdominal surgeries are included, the incidence of postoperative adhesions approximates 5%. A better understanding of the cellular mechanisms of adhesion formation and reformation should help to develop better prevention methods. Currently, a variety of prevention measures and treatments, most of them aiming to reduce or avoid adhesions formation, are used in veterinary medicine. The aim of this review is to gather most of the available information and the latest research explaining the pathophysiology, prevention and treatment of abdominal adhesions in horses.

M, Werner; JS, Galecio; H, Bustamante.

195

Adherencias abdominales postquirúrgicas en equinos: patofisiología, prevención y tratamiento Post-surgical abdominal adhesions in horses: pathophysiology, prevention and treatment  

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Full Text Available A pesar del gran número de investigaciones realizadas tanto en medicina humana como en medicina veterinaria, las adherencias intraabdominales continúan siendo una complicación para los cirujanos en la actualidad. El desarrollo de adherencias intraabdominales es un proceso dinámico y complejo que involucra una serie de eventos que comienzan con un proceso inflamatorio y daño tisular, seguido de desbalances en los procesos de fibrinogénesis y fibrinólisis, terminando con la conversión de fibrina a tejido fibroso. En cirugías de intestino delgado en equinos, la incidencia de adherencias va de 14 a 22%, siendo la causa más común de dolor abdominal recurrente y la segunda causa de celiotomías repetidas. Sin embargo, al incluir todas las causas de cirugías abdominales, en esta especie la incidencia de adherencias es de aproximadamente un 5%. El mayor conocimiento del mecanismo celular de la formación y reformación de adherencias debe llevar a reducir su incidencia. Actualmente, existen una serie de métodos de prevención y tratamientos destinados a disminuir o evitar la aparición de adherencias intraabdominales. El objetivo de esta revisión bibliográfica fue el de recopilar la mayor información disponible e investigaciones que expliquen de mejor manera la fisiopatología, prevención y tratamiento de la formación de adherencias intraabdominales.Despite the great number of human and veterinary medicine research, abdominal adhesions are still a big concern and a frequent complication for surgeons. The development of abdominal adhesions is a complex and dynamic process that involves a series of different mechanisms that start with an inflammatory process and tissue damage, followed by a fibrinogenic and fibrinolytic unbalance and ends with a change from fibrin deposit to fibrous tissue. In horses, after small intestine surgeries, adhesion incidence ranges from 14 to 22%. It is the most frequent cause of recurrent abdominal pain and the second cause for repeat celiotomy. Nevertheless, when all equine abdominal surgeries are included, the incidence of postoperative adhesions approximates 5%. A better understanding of the cellular mechanisms of adhesion formation and reformation should help to develop better prevention methods. Currently, a variety of prevention measures and treatments, most of them aiming to reduce or avoid adhesions formation, are used in veterinary medicine. The aim of this review is to gather most of the available information and the latest research explaining the pathophysiology, prevention and treatment of abdominal adhesions in horses.

M Werner

2009-01-01

196

Tratamento endovascular de dissecção crônica toracoabdominal complicada com aneurisma torácico, mediante implante de endoprótese vascular Endovascular treatment for chronic toracho-abdominal aortic dissection complicated with thoracic aneurysm, by the placement of an endovascular stent-graft  

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Full Text Available Our objective is to report a case of a patient with a descending thoracic aortic aneurysm and chronic aortic dissection, who was submitted to an endovascular treatment. A 68-year-old male with coronary artery disease and hypertension, with no history of trauma, diabetes or smoking. He had myocardial infarction ten years ago. Under general anesthesia, the left femoral artery was surgically exposed and the left braquial artery was catheterized with a "pigtail" catheter, under Seldinger technique. The proximal 46mm/Æ and distal 34mm/Æ stent-graft was placed just distal to the origen of the left subclavian artery. Control arteriography showed that the lesion was completely excluded. The patient was discharged seven days after the surgery, when a computed tomographic control, was performed showing a sustained aneurysm exclusion and a satisfactory endovascular position.

Gaudencio Espinosa

2000-06-01

197

Tratamiento endovascular de una fuga paraprotésica mitral con dispositivo Amplatzer® Percutaneous closure of a mitral paraprosthetic leak with an Amplatzer® device  

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Full Text Available El leak o fuga paraprotésica mitral se presenta entre el 5 y el 17% de los pacientes tratados con cirugía de reemplazo valvular. En general, los defectos son únicos, la mayoría se encuentran localizados en la región postero-medial del anillo valvular y solo la tercera parte produce reflujo de grado grave. El cierre percutáneo por vía endovascular es una alternativa terapéutica válida en pacientes con elevado riesgo para re-operación. La estrategia de abordaje depende de la localización, tamaño, morfología y relaciones adyacentes del o los defectos. El procedimiento debe ser realizado por profesionales con experiencia en el tratamiento de cardiopatías estructurales y en el manejo de estos dispositivos de cierre, y se considera imprescindible la utilización de un ecocardiograma transesofágico tridimensional. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con una fuga paraprotésica valvular mitral que fue cerrada con un dispositivo Amplatzer ® introducido en forma percutánea desde la vena femoral.Mitral paraprosthetic leaks are present in 5 to 17% of patients who receive valve replacement surgery. Overall, the defects are single, most of them are located in the postero-medial region of the annulus, and only one third produce a severe reflux. Percutaneous closure by endovascular surgery is a valid therapeutic alternative in patients at high risk for re-operation. The approach depends on the location, size, morphology and relationships or neighboring defects. The procedure must be performed by professionals with experience in the treatment of structural heart disease and in the management of these closure devices. Guidance with three dimensional transesophageal echocardiography is considered essential. A case of a mitral paraprosthetic leak that was closed with an Amplatzer ® device introduced percutaneously from the femoral vein is here presented.

Alberto Sciegata

2012-10-01

198

Tratamiento endovascular de una fuga paraprotésica mitral con dispositivo Amplatzer® / Percutaneous closure of a mitral paraprosthetic leak with an Amplatzer® device  

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Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El leak o fuga paraprotésica mitral se presenta entre el 5 y el 17% de los pacientes tratados con cirugía de reemplazo valvular. En general, los defectos son únicos, la mayoría se encuentran localizados en la región postero-medial del anillo valvular y solo la tercera parte produce reflujo de grado [...] grave. El cierre percutáneo por vía endovascular es una alternativa terapéutica válida en pacientes con elevado riesgo para re-operación. La estrategia de abordaje depende de la localización, tamaño, morfología y relaciones adyacentes del o los defectos. El procedimiento debe ser realizado por profesionales con experiencia en el tratamiento de cardiopatías estructurales y en el manejo de estos dispositivos de cierre, y se considera imprescindible la utilización de un ecocardiograma transesofágico tridimensional. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con una fuga paraprotésica valvular mitral que fue cerrada con un dispositivo Amplatzer ® introducido en forma percutánea desde la vena femoral. Abstract in english Mitral paraprosthetic leaks are present in 5 to 17% of patients who receive valve replacement surgery. Overall, the defects are single, most of them are located in the postero-medial region of the annulus, and only one third produce a severe reflux. Percutaneous closure by endovascular surgery is a [...] valid therapeutic alternative in patients at high risk for re-operation. The approach depends on the location, size, morphology and relationships or neighboring defects. The procedure must be performed by professionals with experience in the treatment of structural heart disease and in the management of these closure devices. Guidance with three dimensional transesophageal echocardiography is considered essential. A case of a mitral paraprosthetic leak that was closed with an Amplatzer ® device introduced percutaneously from the femoral vein is here presented.

Alberto, Sciegata; José A, Álvarez; Felipe, Deketele; José, Alonso; Jorge G, Allín; Guillermo, Migliaro.

2012-10-01

199

Correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal e artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em paciente com hemofilia C grave Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and left common iliac artery in a patient with severe hemophilia C  

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Full Text Available A deficiência do fator XI, também conhecida como hemofilia C, é uma doença hematológica hereditária rara, que se manifesta clinicamente com hemorragia persistente após cirurgias, traumas, menorragias e extrações dentárias. Neste artigo, relatou-se a correção endovascular de um paciente com aneurisma de aorta e de artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em um paciente portador de deficiência major do fator XI (atividade do fator XI inferior a 20%. O procedimento foi realizado com sucesso, com o manuseio do distúrbio da coagulação por meio da infusão de plasma fresco no pré-operatório imediato e no pós-operatório, e controle laboratorial da coagulação do paciente.Factor XI deficiency, also known as hemophilia C, is a rare hereditary blood disease that manifests with persistent bleeding after surgery, trauma, menorrhagia, and dental extractions. This article reports an endovascular repair of a patient diagnosed with an aortic and left common iliac aneurysm, with severe factor XI deficiency (factor XI activity below 20%. The procedure was successfully performed with management of the coagulation disorder by preoperative and postoperative infusion of plasma and laboratory control of the coagulation.

Sergio Quilici Belczak

2012-03-01

200

Correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal e artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em paciente com hemofilia C grave / Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and left common iliac artery in a patient with severe hemophilia C  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A deficiência do fator XI, também conhecida como hemofilia C, é uma doença hematológica hereditária rara, que se manifesta clinicamente com hemorragia persistente após cirurgias, traumas, menorragias e extrações dentárias. Neste artigo, relatou-se a correção endovascular de um paciente com aneurisma [...] de aorta e de artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em um paciente portador de deficiência major do fator XI (atividade do fator XI inferior a 20%). O procedimento foi realizado com sucesso, com o manuseio do distúrbio da coagulação por meio da infusão de plasma fresco no pré-operatório imediato e no pós-operatório, e controle laboratorial da coagulação do paciente. Abstract in english Factor XI deficiency, also known as hemophilia C, is a rare hereditary blood disease that manifests with persistent bleeding after surgery, trauma, menorrhagia, and dental extractions. This article reports an endovascular repair of a patient diagnosed with an aortic and left common iliac aneurysm, w [...] ith severe factor XI deficiency (factor XI activity below 20%). The procedure was successfully performed with management of the coagulation disorder by preoperative and postoperative infusion of plasma and laboratory control of the coagulation.

Sergio Quilici, Belczak; Igor Rafael, Sincos; Ricardo, Aun; Boulanger, Mioto Neto; Manoel, Lobato; Fernando, Saliture; Alex, Ledermain.

2012-03-01

 
 
 
 
201

Tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal em pacientes com anatomia favorável para o procedimento: experiência inicial em um serviço universitário / Endovascular treatment of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in patients with favorable anatomy for the repair: initial experience in a university hospital  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: Desde sua introdução, em 1991, o reparo endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal tem se tornado uma alternativa atraente para o tratamento dessa doença. Avaliar nossos resultados iniciais quanto à segurança e eficácia dessa técnica nos levou à realização deste estudo. OBJET [...] IVOS: Analisar a mortalidade perioperatória, a sobrevida tardia, as reoperações, as taxas de perviedade e o comportamento do saco aneurismático em pacientes com anatomia favorável para a realização do procedimento. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo longitudinal, observacional e retrospectivo realizado entre outubro de 2004 e janeiro de 2009 com 41 pacientes que foram submetidos à correção endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal infrarrenal por apresentarem anatomia favorável para o procedimento. Foram analisados os achados dos exames diagnósticos, o tratamento e o seguimento em todos os pacientes. RESULTADOS: Foram implantadas, com sucesso, 31 (75,6%) próteses bifurcadas e 10 (24,5%) monoilíacas, de 5 diferentes marcas. O diâmetro médio dos aneurismas fusiformes era de 62 mm. A mortalidade perioperatória foi de 4,8% e a sobrevida tardia, 90,2%. Durante o acompanhamento médio de 30 meses, 2 (4,8%) pacientes necessitaram de reintervenção, um por migração da endoprótese e outro por vazamento tipo II. Dois (4,8%) pacientes apresentaram oclusão de ramo da prótese. Oito (19,5%) vazamentos foram diagnosticados e não houve nenhuma rotura dos aneurismas. CONCLUSÃO: Apesar do pequeno número de pacientes, os resultados observados parecem justificar a realização do procedimento endovascular nos pacientes com anatomia favorável. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Since its introduction in 1991, endovascular repair of infrarenal aortic aneurysms has become an attractive option to treat this disease. The evaluation of our initial results about safety and efficacy of this technique has led us to carry out this study. OBJECTIVES: To analyze periopera [...] tive mortality, late survival, reoperations, patency rates and the aneurysmal sac behavior in patients with favorable anatomy for this procedure. METHODS: A longitudinal, observational and retrospective study was conducted from October 2004 to January 2009, involving 41 patients with favorable anatomy for endovascular repair of infrarenal aortic aneurysm. The findings of diagnostic exams, the treatment and follow-up results were analyzed. RESULTS: Thirty-one (75.6%) bifurcated and 10 (24.5%) mono-iliac prosthesis of five different brands were successfully implanted. The average diameter of the fusiform aneurysms was 62 mm. Perioperative mortality rate was 4.8% and late survival was 90.2%. During the mean follow-up period of 30 months, two (4.8%) patients needed re-intervention, one for migration of the endoprosthesis and the other for type II endoleak. Two (4.8%) patients presented occlusion of an endograft branch. Eight (19.5%) endoleaks were diagnosed and there was no aneurysm rupture. CONCLUSION: Despite the small number of patients, the results seem to justify the performance of endovascular therapy in patients with favorable anatomy.

José Manoel da Silva, Silvestre; Fernando, Motta; Wander Eduardo, Sardinha; Domingos de, Morais Filho; Fernando, Thomazinho; Guilherme da Silva, Silvestre; Igor Schincariol, Perozin.

2011-03-01

202

Tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal em pacientes com anatomia favorável para o procedimento: experiência inicial em um serviço universitário Endovascular treatment of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in patients with favorable anatomy for the repair: initial experience in a university hospital  

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Full Text Available CONTEXTO: Desde sua introdução, em 1991, o reparo endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal tem se tornado uma alternativa atraente para o tratamento dessa doença. Avaliar nossos resultados iniciais quanto à segurança e eficácia dessa técnica nos levou à realização deste estudo. OBJETIVOS: Analisar a mortalidade perioperatória, a sobrevida tardia, as reoperações, as taxas de perviedade e o comportamento do saco aneurismático em pacientes com anatomia favorável para a realização do procedimento. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo longitudinal, observacional e retrospectivo realizado entre outubro de 2004 e janeiro de 2009 com 41 pacientes que foram submetidos à correção endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal infrarrenal por apresentarem anatomia favorável para o procedimento. Foram analisados os achados dos exames diagnósticos, o tratamento e o seguimento em todos os pacientes. RESULTADOS: Foram implantadas, com sucesso, 31 (75,6% próteses bifurcadas e 10 (24,5% monoilíacas, de 5 diferentes marcas. O diâmetro médio dos aneurismas fusiformes era de 62 mm. A mortalidade perioperatória foi de 4,8% e a sobrevida tardia, 90,2%. Durante o acompanhamento médio de 30 meses, 2 (4,8% pacientes necessitaram de reintervenção, um por migração da endoprótese e outro por vazamento tipo II. Dois (4,8% pacientes apresentaram oclusão de ramo da prótese. Oito (19,5% vazamentos foram diagnosticados e não houve nenhuma rotura dos aneurismas. CONCLUSÃO: Apesar do pequeno número de pacientes, os resultados observados parecem justificar a realização do procedimento endovascular nos pacientes com anatomia favorável.BACKGROUND: Since its introduction in 1991, endovascular repair of infrarenal aortic aneurysms has become an attractive option to treat this disease. The evaluation of our initial results about safety and efficacy of this technique has led us to carry out this study. OBJECTIVES: To analyze perioperative mortality, late survival, reoperations, patency rates and the aneurysmal sac behavior in patients with favorable anatomy for this procedure. METHODS: A longitudinal, observational and retrospective study was conducted from October 2004 to January 2009, involving 41 patients with favorable anatomy for endovascular repair of infrarenal aortic aneurysm. The findings of diagnostic exams, the treatment and follow-up results were analyzed. RESULTS: Thirty-one (75.6% bifurcated and 10 (24.5% mono-iliac prosthesis of five different brands were successfully implanted. The average diameter of the fusiform aneurysms was 62 mm. Perioperative mortality rate was 4.8% and late survival was 90.2%. During the mean follow-up period of 30 months, two (4.8% patients needed re-intervention, one for migration of the endoprosthesis and the other for type II endoleak. Two (4.8% patients presented occlusion of an endograft branch. Eight (19.5% endoleaks were diagnosed and there was no aneurysm rupture. CONCLUSION: Despite the small number of patients, the results seem to justify the performance of endovascular therapy in patients with favorable anatomy.

José Manoel da Silva Silvestre

2011-03-01

203

Concomitant abdominal aortic aneurysm and gastrointestinal malignancy: evolution of treatment paradigm in the endovascular era - review article.  

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The incidence of concomitant abdominal aortic aneurysm and gastrointestinal malignancy is rare. Current treatment strategies in patients with both lesions remain controversial. It is unclear whether to treat the AAA and gastrointestinal malignancy simultaneously or in a staged manner. In patients with concomitant AAA and gastrointestinal malignancy surgical orthodoxy dictates that the most symptomatic lesion or the most life threatening condition should be treated first, however there is a therapeutic dilemma when neither or both of the lesions are symptomatic .In this review we explore (a) Priority of treatment in patients with concomitant abdominal aortic aneurysm and gastrointestinal malignancy (b) The role of EVAR in the management of abdominal aortic aneurysm and concomitant gastrointestinal malignancy. PMID:23266417

Mohandas, Shailesh; Malik, Humza T; Syed, Imran

2013-01-01

204

Tratamiento endovascular de la insuficiencia de los ejes safenos mediante laser diodo 980 NM Great saphenous vein endoablation using diode 980 NM laser  

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Full Text Available Introducción: La enfermedad venosa crónica de las extremidades inferiores presenta una alta frecuencia en la población. El reflujo de la vena safena interna constituye la principal causa de insuficiencia venosa superficial correspondiendo al 70-80% de éstas. El tratamiento ablativo endoluminal de los ejes sáfenos surge como la necesidad de desarrollar un tratamiento mínimamente invasivo. Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados obtenidos mediante la endoablación de la vena safena interna con laser Diodo 980. Material y método: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo que incluyó 146 extremidades inferiores en las cuales se realizó endoablación de la vena safena interna con laser Diodo 980 nm por un período de 15 meses entre los años 2005 y 2007. Se evaluó la permeabilidad inmediata de la vena safena tratada con ecodoppler color y la aparición de complicaciones secundarias al procedimiento. Resultados: De los 90 pacientes tratados, el 76,6% fueron mujeres y el 23,4%, hombres. El promedio de edad fue 58 años. La oclusión de la vena safena interna después de la endoablación con laser fue de 99,32% a la semana y de 97,3% a los 3 meses. Las complicaciones observadas fueron: cordón en relación a la vena safena interna tratada en 5,4%, eritema en 5,4%, dolor en 5,4% y equimosis en 9,4%, Todas las complicaciones se resolvieron completamente sin secuelas. El 100 % de los pacientes relató mejoría de sus síntomas y estar satisfecho con el procedimiento. Conclusión: En relación a las técnicas de tratamiento convencionales para el manejo del reflujo de la vena safena interna, los métodos endovasculares presentan baja frecuencia de complicaciones, rápida recuperación y reintegro a las actividades laborales. No presentan el alto grado de neovascularización de la safenectomía quirúrgicaBackground: Great Saphenous Vein reflux is the main cause of superficial vein insufficiency. Endoluminal ablation of this vein is a minimally invasive treatment for varices. Aim: To evalúate the results of Great Saphenous Vein endoablation using Diode 980 nm laser. Material and Methods: A prospective study in 146 lower extremities of 90 patients aged 25 to 91 years (69 females, subjected to Great Saphenous Vein endoablation with Diode 980 nm laser, between 2005 and 2007. Immediate permeability of the treated Saphenous Vein was evaluated with Dúplex ultrasound. Complications related to the procedure were also recorded. Results: Great Saphenous Vein occlusion after endoablation with Diode 980 nm laser was 99% at the end of first week and 97% at 3 months. Recorded complications were induration in relation to the treated Great Saphenous Vein in 5.4%, erythema in 5.4%, pain in 5.4% and ecchymosis in 9.4%. All these complications resolved. All patients reported and improvement of symptoms and were satisfied with the procedure. Conclusions: This Endovascular method for the treatment of Great Saphenous Vein reflux has a low incidence of complications, fast recovery and return to normal activities

ALVARO E ORREGO D

2008-06-01

205

Endovascular therapy of abdominal aortic aneurysm: results of a mid-term follow-up; Endovaskulaere Therapie von abdominellen Aortenaneurysmen: Klinisch-radiologishe Ergebnisse im mittelfristigen Verlauf  

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Prospective study to evaluate clinical results and complications of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment in a mid-term follow-up. Materials and methods: A total of 122 patients (9 females, 113 males, average age 70.0{+-}7,9 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with stent grafts (53 Vanguard or Stentor endografts, 69 Talent endografts). Group I consisted of 40 patients who had all aortic tributaries of the aneurysm sac occluded prior to endovalscular grafting, either spontaneously by parietal thrombosis or by selective coil embolization of the respective ostia preserving collateral circulation distal to the vessel occlusion. Group II consisted of 82 patients and included all cases without or with incomplete coil embolization with at least one patent vessel. Stent grafting was performed in general anesthesia in the first 21 patients, followed by peridural anesthesia in 15 cases, and local anesthesia with conscious sedation in 86 cases. The results were evaluated with Spiral-CT, MRI and radiographs of the endovascular graft, with follow-up examinations obtained at 3, 6, 12 months, and every year - Implantation was successfully completed in all cases without primary conversion surgery, laparotomy or any significant complication. Mean follow-up was 29{+-}21 months (maximum 82 months). The 30-day mortality was 0,8% due to a myocardial infarction 3 days after discharge from the hospital. A total of 47 re-interventions were performed in 29 patients (23.8%), with 35 re-interventions in 18 cases with Vanguard or Stentor endografts and 12 re-interventions in 11 patients with Talent endografts. 23 percutaneous re-interventions included distal graft extension (n=11), Wallstent for kinking and limb stenosis (n=3), and secondary coil embolization of collateral vessels (n=9). 24 surgical re-interventions included proximal graft extension (n=6), new endovascular grafts (n=3), surgical clipping of lumbar and mesenteric artery branches for type-II endoleaks following ineffective secondary coil embolization (n=1), and femorofemoral crossover bypasses (n=4). A total of 10 secondary conversion operations were performed because of damage to the membrane (n=4; 3 Vanguard endografts, 1 Talent endograft), significant caudal migrations (n=5; 4 Vanguard endografts, 1 Talent endograft) associated with type-I endoleaks (n=2), limb occlusion (n=1), disconnection of graft components (n=1), and significant endoluminal thrombus deposits (n=1). One patient, who was followed for 82 months, suffered from a significant endoleak for 10 months with increasing aneurysm diameter but he refused surgery. He was admitted with aneurysm perforation and was successfully operated with aortic graft replacement. Compared to group II, the incidence and size of endoleaks was reduced in group I (incidence 19.2% versus 29.9%, p<0.05). Group I demonstrated significantly better aneurysm shrinkage at 36 months follow-up ({delta} sagittal diameter -11.1{+-}8.4 mm versus -4.9{+-}6.2 mm, p<0.05). (orig.) [German] Zielsetzung: Prospektive Studie zur Erfassung der klinisch-radiologischen Ergebnisse und Komplikationen im mittelfristigen Verlauf nach endovaskulaerer Aneurysmatherapie. Material und Methoden: 122 Patienten (9 Frauen, 113 Maenner, Alter 70,9{+-}7,9 Jahre) mit abdominellen Aortenaneurysmen wurden mittels Stentprothesen endovaskulaer behandelt (Vanguard/Stentor n=53, Talent n=69). Patienten mit verschlossenen aortalen Seitenaesten im Aneurysmabereich (spontan oder, nach Embolisationsbehandlung) wurden in Gruppe I (n=40) zusammengefasst, Patienten mit mindestens einem perfundierten Seitenast in Gruppe II (n=82). Die Implantationen erfolgten zunaechst in Allgemeinnarkose (n=21), spaeter in Periduralanaesthesie (n=15) und schliesslich in Lokalanaestesie (n=86). Die Ergebniskontrollen erfolgten mittels Spiral-CT, MRT und Stent-Radiographie postinterventionell, nach 3, 6 und 12 Monaten, dann jaehrlich. Ergebnisse: Die Implantationen wurden in allen Faellen erfolgreich durchgefuehrt, ohne primaere Konversionsoperationen, Laparotomien oder sonstig

Pitton, M.B.; Schweitzer, H.; Herber, S.; Thelen, M. [Universitaetsklinik Mainz (Germany). Klinik fuer Radiologie; Schmiedt, W.; Neufang, A. [Universitaetsklinik Mainz (Germany). Klinik fuer Herz-, Thorax-, und Gefaesschirurgie; Dueber, C. [Universitaetsklinikum Mannheim (Germany). Inst. fuer Diagnostische Radiologie

2003-10-01

206

Surveillance of patients post-endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). A web-based survey of practice in the UK  

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Aim: To evaluate the current practice of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) surveillance amongst British Society of Interventional Radiologists (BSIR) members. Materials and methods: A web-based survey ( (Surveymonkey.com)) of BSIR members was performed from June 2011 to September 2011. Questions included who was responsible for organizing follow-up, techniques used in follow-up, and timing of follow-up imaging. Results: The majority (46%) of follow-up is organized by radiologists. In the first year, 74% of imaging interactions involves the use of computed tomography (CT), with 40% of respondents using multiple phases. After the first year, ultrasound is utilized more frequently, usually with plain films. Most patients receive imaging at 1, 6, and 12 months, and thereafter most respondents plan on indefinite yearly follow-up. Conclusion: EVAR follow-up protocols in the past have been empirical rather than evidence based. The present survey shows the current range of protocols used in the UK. Despite the frequent use of CT in the first year post-EVAR, there does appear to be a trend towards using ultrasound after the first year of follow-up

207

Comparison of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound and Computed Tomography in Classifying Endoleaks After Endovascular Treatment of Abdominal Aorta Aneurysms: Preliminary Experience  

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The purpose of the study was to assess the effectiveness of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in endoleak classification after endovascular treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm compared to computed tomography angiography (CTA). From May 2001 to April 2003, 10 patients with endoleaks already detected by CTA underwent CEUS with Sonovue (registered) to confirm the CTA classification or to reclassify the endoleak. In three conflicting cases, the patients were also studied with conventional angiography. CEUS confirmed the CTA classification in seven cases (type II endoleaks). Two CTA type III endoleaks were classified as type II using CEUS and one CTA type II endoleak was classified as type I by CEUS. Regarding the cases with discordant classification, conventional angiography confirmed the ultrasound classification. Additionally, CEUS documented the origin of type II endoleaks in all cases. After CEUS reclassification of endoleaks, a significant change in patient management occurred in three cases. CEUS allows a better attribution of the origin of the endoleak, as it shows the flow in real time. CEUS is more specific than CTA in endoleak classification and gives more accurate information in therapeutic planning

208

Duplex Ultrasound versus Computed Tomography for the Postoperative Follow-Up of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair. Where Do We Stand Now?  

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In the last decade, endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has rapidly developed to be the preferred method for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in patients with suitable anatomy. EVAR offers the advantage of lower perioperative mortality and morbidity but carries the cost of device-related complications such as endoleak, graft migration, graft thrombosis, and structural graft failure. These complications mandate a lifelong surveillance of EVAR patients and their endografts. The purpose of this study is to review and evaluate the safety of color-duplex ultrasound (CDU) as compared with computed tomography (CT), based on the current literature, for post-EVAR surveillance. The post-EVAR follow-up modalities, CDU versus CT, are evaluated questioning three parameters: (1) accuracy of aneurysm size, (2) detection and classification of endoleaks, and (3) detection of stent-graft deformation. Studies comparing CDU with CT scan for investigation of post-EVAR complications have produced mixed results. Further and long-term research is needed to evaluate the efficacy of CDU versus CT, before CDU can be recommended as the primary imaging modality for EVAR surveillance, in place of CT for stable aneurysms. PMID:25317026

Karanikola, Evridiki; Dalainas, Ilias; Karaolanis, Georgios; Zografos, Georgios; Filis, Konstantinos

2014-09-01

209

Abdominal aorta morphometric study for endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms: comparison between spiral CT and angiography Estudo morfométrico da aorta abdominal para tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas aórticos: comparação entre tomografia helicoidal e angiografia  

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Full Text Available PURPOSE: To compare the computed tomography and angiography study of abdominal aortic aneurysms for posterior endograft implant. METHOD: From June 1997 to March 2001, 113 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm were submitted to study of the aorto-iliac axis with abdominal spiral computed tomography and angiography with calibrated catheter. The patient's ages ranged from 51 and 88 years (mean: 69. There were 104 males and nine females. RESULTS: When comparing the mean computed tomography and angiography diameters, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the infra-renal neck (p0.05. When comparing the mean lengths, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the aortic infra-renal neck (pOBJETIVOS: Este trabalho visa comparar a acurácia da tomografia computadorizada e da angiografia para avaliar os aneurismas de aorta abdominal (AAA para posterior implante de endoprótese vascular. MÉTODO: De junho de 1997 até março de 2001, foram atendidos 113 pacientes portadores de AAA, tendo sido submetidos a estudo por tomografia helicoidal computadorizada de abdome e pelve e angiografia com cateter centimetrado do eixo arterial aorto-ilíaco. A idade dos pacientes variou entre 51 e 88 anos (S:69a., sendo 104 do sexo masculino e nove do feminino. RESULTADOS: Quando comparadas as médias dos diâmetros aferidas pela tomografia computadorizada e pela angiografia, notou-se que a diferença do diâmetro foi significativa para o colo aórtico infra-renal (r 0,05. Quando comparadas as médias das extensões aferidas pela tomografia computadorizada e pela angiografia, notou-se que a diferença das extensões foi significativa para o colo aórtico infra-renal (r < 0,05, para a distância entre a artéria renal e a bifurcação aórtica (r < 0,05 e para as artérias ilíacas comuns (r < 0,05. A comparação entre as médias também foi significativa para a extensão entre a artéria renal e a artéria ilíaca interna (r < 0,05. CONCLUSÕES: Na avaliação por imagem dos AAA houve diferenças estatísticas significativas entre os dois métodos diagnósticos. A tomografia computadorizada aparentou ser o melhor método pré-operatório para a medida dos diâmetros, e a angiografia por cateter centimetrado para a avaliação das extensões (comprimentos. Portanto, os dois métodos se complementam, devendo ser realizados na avaliação de todos os pacientes candidatos ao implante de uma endoprótese aórtica.

Gaudencio Espinosa

2002-12-01

210

Endovascular abdominal aortic repair for AAA. Anatomical suitability and limitation in Japanese population according to the inclusion criteria of Zenith AAA stent graft  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since 2007, the EVAR (endovascular abdominal aortic repair) grafts, Zenith, Excluder and Powerlink had been commercially available in Japan. However, a small iliac artery, typical of Japanese population especially in women, was a limiting factor to indicate EVAR. We analyzed the suitability of EVAR in Japanese population according to the inclusion criteria of Zenith AAA stent graft in the current study. From January 2006 to December 2007, 106 AAA (abdominal aortic aneurysm) patients (88 men, 18 women) with a mean age of 73 years were investigated in our institution by multi-slice CT scan in terms of suitability of EVAR, then we measured their abdominal aorta and iliac artery parameters as follows; proximal neck diameter (PND) and length (PNL), common iliac artery diameter (CIAD) and length (CIAL), suprarenal (SNA) and infrarenal neck angulation (INA), external iliac artery diameter (EIAD) and aortic length from the lowest renal artery to the aortic bifurcation (AOL). The inclusion criteria for Zenith AAA stent graft treatment were; PND: 18-28 mm, PNL more than 15 mm, unilateral CIAD less than 20 mm, CIAL at least 10 mm, SNA less than 45 degree and INA less than 60 degree, unilateral EIAD more than 7.5 mm. The indication of EVAR was 25.5% (27/106 patients), and was especially very low in women (5.6%) strictly according to the inclusion criteria of the Zenith AAA stent graft. The main reason of exclusion of EVAR was proximal short neck (40.5%), small iliac artery (30.4%rt neck (40.5%), small iliac artery (30.4%) and infrarenal aortic neck angulation (29.1%). In our analysis, female AAA patients had small PNL and EIAD with angulated neck compared with male AAA ones. Anatomical suitability of EVAR in Japanese population strictly following by the inclusion criteria of Zenith AAA stent graft was low due to their characteristic differences from the European Union (EU) and the United States (US) patients, such as short proximal neck, steep neck angulation and small iliac artery, especially in women. More flexible or branched/fenestrated grafts with a low profile sheath may be essential to be indicated EVAR in more Japanese AAA patients. (author)

211

Two-stage hybrid open-endovascular repair of a Crawford type IV aortic aneurysm: therapeutic challenge / Tratamento híbrido (debranching) de aneurisma tóraco-abdominal tipo IV de Crawford: desafio terapêutico  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Apresentamos o caso de um paciente com aneurisma aórtico tóraco-abdominal tipo IV de Crawford submetido à correção híbrida em dois estágios. Inicialmente submetido a implante cirúrgico de prótese de Dacron® com revascularização de todos os ramos viscerais a partir da ilíaca externa esquerda (debranc [...] hing) e, posteriormente, tratado pela técnica endovascular com endoprótese aorto bi-ilíaca. Após dois anos, o paciente permanece assintomático e em plena atividade laborativa. Abstract in english We present a case of a patient with Crawford type IV aortic thoracoabdominal aneurysm. The patient underwent hybrid repair in two stages. Initially a Dacron(r) graft was implanted surgically with revascularization of all visceral branches from the left external iliac artery (debranching). On a later [...] date, the second stage of treatment was with an endovascular technique with bi aorto-iliac endoprosthesis. After 2 years the patient remains asymptomatic and in full working activity.

Abdo, Farret Neto; Liana Berucia Freire de, Oliveira; Guilherme Tarso de Andrade, Alves; George Anderson da Penha, Andrade; Eduardo Dantas Baptista de, Faria.

2014-04-01

212

Automatic pose initialization for accurate 2D/3D registration applied to abdominal aortic aneurysm endovascular repair  

Science.gov (United States)

Minimally invasive abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) stenting can be greatly facilitated by overlaying the preoperative 3-D model of the abdominal aorta onto the intra-operative 2-D X-ray images. Accurate 2-D/3-D registration in 3-D space makes the 2-D/3-D overlay robust to the change of C-Arm angulations. By far, the 2-D/3-D registration methods based on simulated X-ray projection images using multiple image planes have been shown to be able to provide satisfactory 3-D registration accuracy. However, one drawback of the intensity-based 2-D/3-D registration methods is that the similarity measure is usually highly non-convex and hence the optimizer can easily be trapped into local minima. User interaction therefore is often needed in the initialization of the position of the 3-D model in order to get a successful 2-D/3-D registration. In this paper, a novel 3-D pose initialization technique is proposed, as an extension of our previously proposed bi-plane 2-D/3-D registration method for AAA intervention [4]. The proposed method detects vessel bifurcation points and spine centerline in both 2-D and 3-D images, and utilizes landmark information to bring the 3-D volume into a 15mm capture range. The proposed landmark detection method was validated on real dataset, and is shown to be able to provide a good initialization for 2-D/3-D registration in [4], thus making the workflow fully automatic.

Miao, Shun; Lucas, Joseph; Liao, Rui

2012-02-01

213

Dual-energy CT in the follow-up after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair; Dual-Energy CT zur postoperativen Langzeitkontrolle nach endovaskulaer therapierten abdominellen Aortenaneurysmen  

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This study investigates the dual-energy procedure for postoperative CT follow-up scans after endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms. The procedure is analyzed with respect to its sensitivity and specificity as well as the associated radiation exposure. 51 examinations were carried out on 47 patients between February 2009 and March 2010. For each patient, a non-enhanced, an arterial and a venous scan were conducted, the latter two using the dual-energy technology. Virtual images for the non-enhanced phase were reconstructed from the data taken in the venous phase. Protocol A, the reference standard, consisted of non-enhanced images and images of the arterial and venous phase. In protocol B, standard non-enhanced images were replaced by the reconstructed virtual non-enhanced images. Protocol C consisted only of virtual non-enhanced and 80 kV images taken during the venous phase. All data was anonymized and evaluated by two independent radiologists. For protocol C, sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values were computed. The effective radiation dosage was determined for each scan. All endoleaks identified in protocol A were found using protocols B and C. For protocol C, the sensitivity and negative predictive value were 100 %, the specificity was 94.1 %, and the positive predictive value was 89.5 %. Compared to protocol A, protocol C reduces the radiation exposure by 62.45 %. A scan protocol consisting of virtual non-enhanced images as well as 80 kV images taken during the venous phase was found to be a reliable alternative method for diagnosing endoleaks, while reducing the radiation exposure by 62.45 %. (orig.)

Braegelmann, A.; Heindel, W.; Seifarth, H. [Universitaetsklinikum Muenster (Germany). Inst. fuer Klinische Radiologie; Bunck, A.; Maintz, D. [Universitaetsklinikum Muenster (Germany). Inst. fuer Klinische Radiologie; Universitaetsklinikum Koeln (Germany). Inst. und Poliklinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik; Donas, K.; Kasprzak, B. [Universitaetsklinikum Muenster (Germany). Klinik fuer Vaskulaere und Endovaskulaere Chirurgie

2013-04-15

214

Gadolinium-enhanced three-dimensional MR angiography before endovascular treatment of aneurysms in the abdominal aorta, iliac and peripheral vessels  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: The value of DSA for the measurement of aortic and peripheral arterial aneurysm dimensions before endovascular treatment is limited by projection effects. It was evaluated if additional gadolinium-enhanced three-dimensional MR angiography (3D-CEMRA) could compensate for the disadvantages of DSA. Materials and Methods: 21 patients with 35 aneurysms in the abdominal aorta (14), iliac (9) and femoropopliteal vessels (12) were assessed with DSA (7 with calibrated catheter, 14 with yardstick) and 3D-CEMRA (TR/TE 7.8/2.1 ms, flip-angle 40 , Matrix 512 x 224, FOV 500 mm, eff. slice 1.8 mm). We measured and compared aneurysm dimensions on both modalities. 3D-CEMRA was regarded as the reference method to evaluate the dimension of DSA-projection effects. Results: Diameter and length of aneurysms were underestimated on DSA with the yardstick as reference. The deviation ranged from 15% (± 5%) in the aorta to 21% (± 10%) in the iliac vessels. Only with calibrated catheters as reference (7/21 DSA), were the distances on DSA correlated well with MRA. In 2/35 aneurysms 3D-CEMRA detected thrombosis with a difference between length of inner lumen dilatation on DSA and whole aneurysm length. 2/5 accessory renal arteries found on DSA were not detected on 3D-CEMRA. Conclusions: 3D-CEMRA is a valuable adjunct to DSA for pre-interventional diagnostics of aortic and peripheral arterial aneurysms. It provides exact evaluation of aneurysm dimensions and information about partial thrnsions and information about partial thrombosis. (orig.)

215

Successful staged management of simultaneous abdominal aortic aneurysm and renal tumor: the novel minimally invasive treatment with endovascular aneurysm repair and retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in an elderly and high-risk case  

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Full Text Available The association between abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA and renal tumor is becoming more frequent, and the increasing incidence of this synchronous diseases raised questions about the procedures of treatment. In most of the previous cases, open nephrectomy and AAA surgery have been reported, however in high risk and elderly patients, the procedure is life threatening. We present a successful staged treatment of AAA and renal tumor using novel minimally invasive treatment with endovascular aneurysm repair and retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in an elderly and high-risk case.

Masayuki Takeda

2012-03-01

216

Fatores envolvidos na migração das endopróteses em pacientes submetidos ao tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal / Factors involved in the migration of endoprosthesis in patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A migração da endoprótese é complicação do tratamento endovascular definida como deslocamento da ancoragem inicial. Para avaliação da migração, verifica-se a posição da endoprótese em relação a determinada região anatômica. Considerando o aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal, a área proximal de [...] referência consiste na origem da artéria renal mais baixa e, na região distal, situa-se nas artérias ilíacas internas. Os pacientes deverão ser monitorizados por longos períodos, a fim de serem identificadas migrações, visto que estas ocorrem normalmente após 2 anos de implante. Para evitar migrações, forças mecânicas que propiciam fixação, determinadas por características dos dispositivos e incorporação da endoprótese, devem predominar sobre forças gravitacionais e hemodinâmicas que tendem a arrastar a prótese no sentido caudal. Angulação, extensão e diâmetro do colo, além da medida transversa do saco aneurismático, são importantes aspectos morfológicos do aneurisma relacionados à migração. Com relação à técnica, não se recomenda implante de endopróteses com sobredimensionamento excessivo (> 30%), por provocar dilatação do colo do aneurisma, além de dobras e vazamentos proximais que também contribuem para a migração. Por outro lado, endopróteses com mecanismos adicionais de fixação (ganchos, farpas e fixação suprarrenal) parecem apresentar menos migrações. O processo de incorporação das endopróteses ocorre parcialmente e parece não ser suficiente para impedir migrações tardias. Nesse sentido, estudos experimentais com endopróteses de maior porosidade e uso de substâncias que permitam maior fibroplasia e aderência da prótese à artéria vêm sendo realizados e parecem ser promissores. Esses aspectos serão discutidos nesta revisão. Abstract in english Migration of the endoprosthesis is defined as the misplacement of its initial fixation. To assess the migration, the position of the endoprosthesis regarding a certain anatomic region is verified. Considering the aneurysm of the infrarenal abdominal aorta, the proximal area of reference is the origi [...] n of the lowest renal artery and, at the distal region, it is located next to the internal iliac arteries. Patients should be monitored for long periods so that migrations can be identified; these migrations usually occur 2 years after the implantation. To avoid migrations, mechanical forces that enable fixation and that are determined by the characteristics of the devices and by the incorporation of the endoprosthesis should predominate over gravitational and hemodynamic forces, which tend to drag the prosthesis toward to caudal direction. Angulation, extension, and diameter of the neck, and transversal measure of the aneurysmatic sac are important morphological aspects related to migration. In relation to the technique, endoprosthesis implantation with excessive oversizing (> 30%) is not recommended because it leads to aortic neck dilatation, folds and proximal leakage that also contribute to migration. On the other hand, endoprosthesis with additional fixation devices (hooks, barbs and suprarenal fixation) seem to be less associated with migration. The process of endoprosthesis incorporation is partial and does not seem to be enough to prevent later migrations. In this sense, experimental studies with endoprosthesis of higher porosity, as well as the use of substances that allow higher fibroplasia and adherence of the prosthesis to the artery, have been conducted and are promising. Such aspects are discussed in the present review of the literature.

Marcelo José de, Almeida; Winston Bonetti, Yoshida; Ludvig, Hafner; Juliana Henrique dos, Santos; Bruno Felipe, Souza; Flávia Fagundes, Bueno; Janaína Lopes, Evangelista; Lucas José Vaz, Schiavão.

2010-06-01

217

Fatores envolvidos na migração das endopróteses em pacientes submetidos ao tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal Factors involved in the migration of endoprosthesis in patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A migração da endoprótese é complicação do tratamento endovascular definida como deslocamento da ancoragem inicial. Para avaliação da migração, verifica-se a posição da endoprótese em relação a determinada região anatômica. Considerando o aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal, a área proximal de referência consiste na origem da artéria renal mais baixa e, na região distal, situa-se nas artérias ilíacas internas. Os pacientes deverão ser monitorizados por longos períodos, a fim de serem identificadas migrações, visto que estas ocorrem normalmente após 2 anos de implante. Para evitar migrações, forças mecânicas que propiciam fixação, determinadas por características dos dispositivos e incorporação da endoprótese, devem predominar sobre forças gravitacionais e hemodinâmicas que tendem a arrastar a prótese no sentido caudal. Angulação, extensão e diâmetro do colo, além da medida transversa do saco aneurismático, são importantes aspectos morfológicos do aneurisma relacionados à migração. Com relação à técnica, não se recomenda implante de endopróteses com sobredimensionamento excessivo (> 30%, por provocar dilatação do colo do aneurisma, além de dobras e vazamentos proximais que também contribuem para a migração. Por outro lado, endopróteses com mecanismos adicionais de fixação (ganchos, farpas e fixação suprarrenal parecem apresentar menos migrações. O processo de incorporação das endopróteses ocorre parcialmente e parece não ser suficiente para impedir migrações tardias. Nesse sentido, estudos experimentais com endopróteses de maior porosidade e uso de substâncias que permitam maior fibroplasia e aderência da prótese à artéria vêm sendo realizados e parecem ser promissores. Esses aspectos serão discutidos nesta revisão.Migration of the endoprosthesis is defined as the misplacement of its initial fixation. To assess the migration, the position of the endoprosthesis regarding a certain anatomic region is verified. Considering the aneurysm of the infrarenal abdominal aorta, the proximal area of reference is the origin of the lowest renal artery and, at the distal region, it is located next to the internal iliac arteries. Patients should be monitored for long periods so that migrations can be identified; these migrations usually occur 2 years after the implantation. To avoid migrations, mechanical forces that enable fixation and that are determined by the characteristics of the devices and by the incorporation of the endoprosthesis should predominate over gravitational and hemodynamic forces, which tend to drag the prosthesis toward to caudal direction. Angulation, extension, and diameter of the neck, and transversal measure of the aneurysmatic sac are important morphological aspects related to migration. In relation to the technique, endoprosthesis implantation with excessive oversizing (> 30% is not recommended because it leads to aortic neck dilatation, folds and proximal leakage that also contribute to migration. On the other hand, endoprosthesis with additional fixation devices (hooks, barbs and suprarenal fixation seem to be less associated with migration. The process of endoprosthesis incorporation is partial and does not seem to be enough to prevent later migrations. In this sense, experimental studies with endoprosthesis of higher porosity, as well as the use of substances that allow higher fibroplasia and adherence of the prosthesis to the artery, have been conducted and are promising. Such aspects are discussed in the present review of the literature.

Marcelo José de Almeida

2010-06-01

218

Evaluation of the proximal aortic neck enlargement following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: 3-years experience  

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The aim of this study was to evaluate incidence, potential risk factors and effects on stent-graft migration of proximal neck dilatation after endoluminal repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR), and the role of ultrasound (US) in detecting neck enlargement. From November 1998 to October 2001, 90 patients underwent EVAR. On follow-up, US and CT angiography (CTA) were performed, and diameters of the suprarenal and infrarenal aortic necks were monitored. Incidence of significant neck enlargement ({>=}2.5 mm) and distal stent-graft migration (>10 mm) was calculated. Several factors were evaluated as predictive of neck enlargement. Ultrasound and CTA measurements were compared. The US and CTA examinations were available in 68, 39, and 11 patients at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up (mean follow-up 15 months). Incidence of significant neck dilatation was 21.8% at the infrarenal level (13, 33, and 36% at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up) and 13.8% at the suprarenal level (9, 18, and 27% at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up). Significant stent-graft migration occurred in 14 of 87 patients (16%) and was associated with neck dilatation in 8 (2 suprarenal and 6 infrarenal). No risk factors were identified. Ultrasound was less accurate than CT in measuring neck diameter, in particular at the suprarenal level. Proximal aortic neck enlargement occurs in up to 30% of patients after EVAR and represents the main risk factor for stent-graft migration. The risk of infrarenal neck dilatation is higher at 2 years follow-up, whereas the suprarenal neck enlarges later. Ultrasound is not useful in monitoring neck diameter. (orig.)

Napoli, Vinicio; Bargellini, Irene; Petruzzi, Pasquale; Cioni, Roberto; Vignali, Claudio; Bartolozzi, Carlo [Division of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Department of Oncology, Transplants and Advanced Technologies in Medicine, University of Pisa, Via Roma 67, 56126, Pisa (Italy); Sardella, Savino G.; Ferrari, Mauro [Division of Vascular Surgery, Cisanello Hospital, Pisa (Italy)

2003-08-01

219

Fluid-structure interaction of a patient-specific abdominal aortic aneurysm treated with an endovascular stent-graft  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA are local dilatations of the infrarenal aorta. If left untreated they may rupture and lead to death. One form of treatment is the minimally invasive insertion of a stent-graft into the aneurysm. Despite this effective treatment aneurysms may occasionally continue to expand and this may eventually result in post-operative rupture of the aneurysm. Fluid-structure interaction (FSI is a particularly useful tool for investigating aneurysm biomechanics as both the wall stresses and fluid forces can be examined. Methods Pre-op, Post-op and Follow-up models were reconstructed from CT scans of a single patient and FSI simulations were performed on each model. The FSI approach involved coupling Abaqus and Fluent via a third-party software - MpCCI. Aneurysm wall stress and compliance were investigated as well as the drag force acting on the stent-graft. Results Aneurysm wall stress was reduced from 0.38 MPa before surgery to a value of 0.03 MPa after insertion of the stent-graft. Higher stresses were seen in the aneurysm neck and iliac legs post-operatively. The compliance of the aneurysm was also reduced post-operatively. The peak Post-op axial drag force was found to be 4.85 N. This increased to 6.37 N in the Follow-up model. Conclusion In a patient-specific case peak aneurysm wall stress was reduced by 92%. Such a reduction in aneurysm wall stress may lead to shrinkage of the aneurysm over time. Hence, post-operative stress patterns may help in determining the likelihood of aneurysm shrinkage post EVAR. Post-operative remodelling of the aneurysm may lead to increased drag forces.

McGloughlin Tim M

2009-10-01

220

Tratamiento endovascular del aneurisma de aorta descendente en el adolescente con síndrome de Marfan: Reporte de un caso Endovascular treatment of an aneurysm of the descending aorta in an adolescent with Marfan syndrome  

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Full Text Available Se expone el caso de un adolescente de 14 años de edad, con síndrome de Marfan y antecedente de tres cirugías cardiovasculares previas: valvuloplastia aórtica y mitral a los cinco años y valvuloplastia aórtica y reconstrucción de la aorta torácica con tubo de pericardio bovino a sus diez años. En primer tiempo quirúrgico se realizó reemplazo valvular aórtico por válvula mecánica y valvuloplastia mitral y tricuspidea, y en segundo tiempo quirúrgico, durante la misma hospitalización, exclusión endovascular de aneurisma de aorta descendente asintomático sin complicaciones. Antes del egreso se diagnosticó una endofuga tipo II que se manejó con observación clínica. Luego de un año del procedimiento, los controles clínico y tomográfico son satisfactorios.We describe the case of a 14-year-old adolescent with Marfan syndrome and a history of three previous cardiovascular surgeries: aortic and mitral valve replacement at the age of 5 and aortic valve replacement and reconstruction of the thoracic aorta with a tube of bovine pericardium at the age of ten. In the first surgical procedure the aortic valve was replaced by a mechanical valve, and mitral and tricuspid valvuloplasty was performed. In a second surgical procedure during the same hospitalization, endovascular exclusion of the asymptomatic descending aortic aneurysm was realized without complications. Before discharge, a type II endoleak was diagnosed and managed through clinical observation. After a year of the procedure, clinical and tomographic controls are satisfactory.

Juan G Barrera

2012-01-01

 
 
 
 
221

Tratamiento endovascular del aneurisma de aorta descendente en el adolescente con síndrome de Marfan: Reporte de un caso / Endovascular treatment of an aneurysm of the descending aorta in an adolescent with Marfan syndrome  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se expone el caso de un adolescente de 14 años de edad, con síndrome de Marfan y antecedente de tres cirugías cardiovasculares previas: valvuloplastia aórtica y mitral a los cinco años y valvuloplastia aórtica y reconstrucción de la aorta torácica con tubo de pericardio bovino a sus diez años. En pr [...] imer tiempo quirúrgico se realizó reemplazo valvular aórtico por válvula mecánica y valvuloplastia mitral y tricuspidea, y en segundo tiempo quirúrgico, durante la misma hospitalización, exclusión endovascular de aneurisma de aorta descendente asintomático sin complicaciones. Antes del egreso se diagnosticó una endofuga tipo II que se manejó con observación clínica. Luego de un año del procedimiento, los controles clínico y tomográfico son satisfactorios. Abstract in english We describe the case of a 14-year-old adolescent with Marfan syndrome and a history of three previous cardiovascular surgeries: aortic and mitral valve replacement at the age of 5 and aortic valve replacement and reconstruction of the thoracic aorta with a tube of bovine pericardium at the age of te [...] n. In the first surgical procedure the aortic valve was replaced by a mechanical valve, and mitral and tricuspid valvuloplasty was performed. In a second surgical procedure during the same hospitalization, endovascular exclusion of the asymptomatic descending aortic aneurysm was realized without complications. Before discharge, a type II endoleak was diagnosed and managed through clinical observation. After a year of the procedure, clinical and tomographic controls are satisfactory.

Juan G, Barrera; Camilo, Espinel; Jaime, Amarillo; Víctor R, Castillo; Antonio, Figueredo; Javier, Gentile; Walter, Mosquera; Sebastián, Balestrini; Leonardo, Salazar; Adriana S, Murcia.

2012-01-01

222

Resultados del tratamiento endovascular de la patología carotídea en el Hospital San Juan de Dios de Enero 2007 a Febrero 2010 Results of endovascular management of carotid disease at San Juan de Dios Hospital from January 2007 to February 2010  

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Full Text Available Justificación y objetivo: Determinar la morbi-mortalidad de los pacientes con enfermedad carotídea tratados por medio de stent en el Hospital San Juan de Dios, Costa Rica; de Enero 2007 a Febrero 2010. Métodos: Se realizó un registro retrospectivo observacional de los pacientes con Enfermedad Carotídea durante 13 meses en nuestro instituto. Basado en la información obtenida de los expedientes clínicos, dos subgrupos fueron identificados: pacientes sintomáticos y asintomáticos. Los factores de riesgo, escala ABCD2, territorio cerebral afectado, medidas de severidad de lesión no-invasiva e invasivas, tamaño de stents y finalmente complicaciones peri-operatorias, fueron investigadas y evaluadas. Resultados: 76 pacientes fueron identificados en nuestra serie, 87% (n=66/76 sintomáticos y 13% (n=10/76 asintomáticos. La Hipertensión Arterial fue el factor de riesgo más frecuente, seguido por el tabaquismo. Se evidenció una sub-estimación de la severidad de la lesión en los ultrasonidos diagnósticos en 24% (n=18/76 de los pacientes. Durante el procedimiento, se documentó predilatación de la lesión en 55% (n=42/76 de los pacientes y los stents más frecuentemente utilizados fueron de 7x30mm y 8x30mm representando un 47% (n=36/76 de los casos. La morbilidad neurológica de los pacientes asintomáticos fue del 0% y en el subgrupo de pacientes sintomáticos fue del 3% (2/66. Conclusión: La terapia endovascular demostró ser una técnica segura y efectiva para la revascularización carotídea. Series más numerosas de pacientes deberían ser investigadas para adquirir mayor significancia estadística.Background and aim: To determine the morbi-mortality of patients treated with endovascular stenting for Carotid Artery disease at San Juan de Dios Hospital, Costa Rica; from January 2007 to February 2010. Methods: A retrospective observational registry of patients treated with Carotid Artery endovascular stenting was maintained at our institution over 13 months. Based on the information acquired from medical records, two subgroups were identified: symptomatic and asymptomatic. Some aspects were researched and evaluated such as risk factors, ABCD scale, affected cerebral territory, invasive and non-invasive lesion measurements, stent sizing and finally peri-operatory complications. Results: 76 patients were identified in this series, 87% (n=66/76 symptomatic and 13% (n=10/76 asymptomatic. The most frequent risk factor was hypertension, followed by smoking. Underestimation by ultrasound of lesion severity was found in up to 24% (n=18/76 of patients. Predilatation was done in 55% (n=42/76 and most frequent stent sizes identified were 7x30mm or 8x30mm in 47% (n=36/76 of patients. Neurologic morbidity of asymtomatic patients was 0%, and in the symptomatic group was a 3% (2/66 Conclusion: Endovascular therapy demonstrated to be a safe and effective as a revascularization technique; however larger patient series should be investigated for grater statistical significance.

Christian Fonseca-Bolaños

2012-03-01

223

Tratamiento endovascular de la insuficiencia de los ejes safenos mediante laser diodo 980 NM Great saphenous vein endoablation using diode 980 NM laser  

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Introducción: La enfermedad venosa crónica de las extremidades inferiores presenta una alta frecuencia en la población. El reflujo de la vena safena interna constituye la principal causa de insuficiencia venosa superficial correspondiendo al 70-80% de éstas. El tratamiento ablativo endoluminal de los ejes sáfenos surge como la necesidad de desarrollar un tratamiento mínimamente invasivo. Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados obtenidos mediante la endoablación de la vena safena interna con l...

Alvaro Orrego, E. D.

2008-01-01

224

Resultados del tratamiento endovascular de la patología carotídea en el Hospital San Juan de Dios de Enero 2007 a Febrero 2010 / Results of endovascular management of carotid disease at San Juan de Dios Hospital from January 2007 to February 2010  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Costa Rica | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Justificación y objetivo: Determinar la morbi-mortalidad de los pacientes con enfermedad carotídea tratados por medio de stent en el Hospital San Juan de Dios, Costa Rica; de Enero 2007 a Febrero 2010. Métodos: Se realizó un registro retrospectivo observacional de los pacientes con Enfermedad Carotí [...] dea durante 13 meses en nuestro instituto. Basado en la información obtenida de los expedientes clínicos, dos subgrupos fueron identificados: pacientes sintomáticos y asintomáticos. Los factores de riesgo, escala ABCD2, territorio cerebral afectado, medidas de severidad de lesión no-invasiva e invasivas, tamaño de stents y finalmente complicaciones peri-operatorias, fueron investigadas y evaluadas. Resultados: 76 pacientes fueron identificados en nuestra serie, 87% (n=66/76) sintomáticos y 13% (n=10/76) asintomáticos. La Hipertensión Arterial fue el factor de riesgo más frecuente, seguido por el tabaquismo. Se evidenció una sub-estimación de la severidad de la lesión en los ultrasonidos diagnósticos en 24% (n=18/76) de los pacientes. Durante el procedimiento, se documentó predilatación de la lesión en 55% (n=42/76) de los pacientes y los stents más frecuentemente utilizados fueron de 7x30mm y 8x30mm representando un 47% (n=36/76) de los casos. La morbilidad neurológica de los pacientes asintomáticos fue del 0% y en el subgrupo de pacientes sintomáticos fue del 3% (2/66). Conclusión: La terapia endovascular demostró ser una técnica segura y efectiva para la revascularización carotídea. Series más numerosas de pacientes deberían ser investigadas para adquirir mayor significancia estadística. Abstract in english Background and aim: To determine the morbi-mortality of patients treated with endovascular stenting for Carotid Artery disease at San Juan de Dios Hospital, Costa Rica; from January 2007 to February 2010. Methods: A retrospective observational registry of patients treated with Carotid Artery endovas [...] cular stenting was maintained at our institution over 13 months. Based on the information acquired from medical records, two subgroups were identified: symptomatic and asymptomatic. Some aspects were researched and evaluated such as risk factors, ABCD scale, affected cerebral territory, invasive and non-invasive lesion measurements, stent sizing and finally peri-operatory complications. Results: 76 patients were identified in this series, 87% (n=66/76) symptomatic and 13% (n=10/76) asymptomatic. The most frequent risk factor was hypertension, followed by smoking. Underestimation by ultrasound of lesion severity was found in up to 24% (n=18/76) of patients. Predilatation was done in 55% (n=42/76) and most frequent stent sizes identified were 7x30mm or 8x30mm in 47% (n=36/76) of patients. Neurologic morbidity of asymtomatic patients was 0%, and in the symptomatic group was a 3% (2/66) Conclusion: Endovascular therapy demonstrated to be a safe and effective as a revascularization technique; however larger patient series should be investigated for grater statistical significance.

Christian, Fonseca-Bolaños; Miguel, Montero-Baker; Johana, Vásquez-Céspedes; Róger, Jiménez-Juárez; Luis, Morelli-Guillen.

2012-03-01

225

Existen ventajas en el abordaje extraperitoneal para el tratamiento del aneurisma de aorta abdominal? Are there advantages in the extraperitoneal approach for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm?  

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Full Text Available Existen controversias acerca de las posibles ventajas del abordaje transperitoneal vs. extraperitoneal en la cirugía de aneurisma de aorta abdominal; con este último, algunos estudios reportan menor morbilidad y complicaciones operatorias. Este estudio describe los resultados que se obtuvieron con los dos abordajes en un solo centro de referencia. Es un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, de doce años, en un grupo de 299 pacientes con diagnóstico de aneurisma de aorta abdominal que fueron intervenidos de manera electiva y distribuidos en dos grupos según el abordaje (transperitoneal = grupo 1, extraperitoneal = grupo 2. En total se operaron 93 pacientes en el grupo 1 y 206 pacientes en el 2. En ambos predominaron pacientes del sexo masculino. La edad media fue de 68 años. Las frecuencias de co-morbilidades fueron similares en los dos grupos. Se registró una tendencia a menor número de reoperaciones en el grupo 2 (12,9% vs. 5,8%, De otra parte, se observó una tendencia de mayores complicaciones post-operatorias en el grupo 1 con una frecuencia de 30,1% vs. 12,6% en el grupo 2; sin embargo, el tipo de complicaciones fue similar. Los resultados mostraron una estancia hospitalaria media de 13,3 días (DE ± 10,4 vs. 7,19 días (DE ± 4,20 p= 0,00001, estancia post-operatoria media de 9,16 días (DE ± 8,1 vs. 5,62 días (DE ± 3,46 p= 0,001 y estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos media de 2,76 días (DE ± 4,19 vs. 1,56 días (DE ± 1,86 p= 0,00001 en los grupos 1 y 2 respectivamente. La mortalidad inmediata total fue de 3,3%. La frecuencia de mortalidad para los grupos fue de 6,5% (n= 6 vs. 1,9% (n= 4 respectivamente. En nuestra experiencia el abordaje por la vía extraperitoneal presenta una tendencia favorable para los pacientes en cuanto a la estancia hospitalaria, la estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, la frecuencia de complicaciones post-operatorias y la frecuencia de re-intervenciones en el post-operatorio inmediato. Debido al tamaño de la muestra no puede concluirse que hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en cuanto a la mortalidad; sin embargo se observó una tendencia a la reducción de la misma con el abordaje extraperitoneal.There are current controversies over the benefits of the extraperitoneal vs the transperitoneal approach for repairing an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Several studies report a reduction in morbidity and mortality with the former approach. This study reports the short term results using both approaches at one reference center. This is a 12 year, retrospective descriptive study of 299 patients who underwent an elective open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, distributed in two groups: transperitoneal approach group=1, extraperitoneal approach group=2. A total of 93 patients in group 1 and 206 in group 2 were intervened, mainly male patients with an median age of 68 years. The frequencies of co-morbidities were similar in both groups. There was a reduced tendency of reoperations in group 2 (12.9%vs 5.8%, and a greater tendency of postoperative complications in group 1 (30.1% vs 12.6%. However, the types complications were similar. The results show a median hospital stay of 13.3 days (SD+- 10,4 vs. 7.19 days (SD+- 4.20 p=0.00001, median post-operative stay of 9.16 days (SD-+ 8,1 vs. 5.62 days (SD+- 3,46 p= 0.001 and median intensive unit stay of 2.76 days (SD+-4.19 vs 1.56 days (SD+-1.86 p=0.00001 in group 1 y 2 respectively. Early global mortality was 3.3% with a distribution frequency of 6.5% (n=6 in group 1 and 1.9% (n=4 in group 2. In our experience, the extraperitoneal approach offers better results regarding hospital, postoperative and intensive care unit stay, as well as post-operative re-operation rates and complications. Because of the small sample size, the mortality difference was not statistically significant; however, we found an important tendency towards improved mortality rates with this approach.

Heinz Hiller

2010-02-01

226

Existen ventajas en el abordaje extraperitoneal para el tratamiento del aneurisma de aorta abdominal? / Are there advantages in the extraperitoneal approach for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Existen controversias acerca de las posibles ventajas del abordaje transperitoneal vs. extraperitoneal en la cirugía de aneurisma de aorta abdominal; con este último, algunos estudios reportan menor morbilidad y complicaciones operatorias. Este estudio describe los resultados que se obtuvieron con l [...] os dos abordajes en un solo centro de referencia. Es un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, de doce años, en un grupo de 299 pacientes con diagnóstico de aneurisma de aorta abdominal que fueron intervenidos de manera electiva y distribuidos en dos grupos según el abordaje (transperitoneal = grupo 1, extraperitoneal = grupo 2). En total se operaron 93 pacientes en el grupo 1 y 206 pacientes en el 2. En ambos predominaron pacientes del sexo masculino. La edad media fue de 68 años. Las frecuencias de co-morbilidades fueron similares en los dos grupos. Se registró una tendencia a menor número de reoperaciones en el grupo 2 (12,9% vs. 5,8%), De otra parte, se observó una tendencia de mayores complicaciones post-operatorias en el grupo 1 con una frecuencia de 30,1% vs. 12,6% en el grupo 2; sin embargo, el tipo de complicaciones fue similar. Los resultados mostraron una estancia hospitalaria media de 13,3 días (DE ± 10,4) vs. 7,19 días (DE ± 4,20) p= 0,00001, estancia post-operatoria media de 9,16 días (DE ± 8,1) vs. 5,62 días (DE ± 3,46) p= 0,001 y estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos media de 2,76 días (DE ± 4,19) vs. 1,56 días (DE ± 1,86) p= 0,00001 en los grupos 1 y 2 respectivamente. La mortalidad inmediata total fue de 3,3%. La frecuencia de mortalidad para los grupos fue de 6,5% (n= 6) vs. 1,9% (n= 4) respectivamente. En nuestra experiencia el abordaje por la vía extraperitoneal presenta una tendencia favorable para los pacientes en cuanto a la estancia hospitalaria, la estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, la frecuencia de complicaciones post-operatorias y la frecuencia de re-intervenciones en el post-operatorio inmediato. Debido al tamaño de la muestra no puede concluirse que hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en cuanto a la mortalidad; sin embargo se observó una tendencia a la reducción de la misma con el abordaje extraperitoneal. Abstract in english There are current controversies over the benefits of the extraperitoneal vs the transperitoneal approach for repairing an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Several studies report a reduction in morbidity and mortality with the former approach. This study reports the short term results using both [...] approaches at one reference center. This is a 12 year, retrospective descriptive study of 299 patients who underwent an elective open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, distributed in two groups: transperitoneal approach group=1, extraperitoneal approach group=2. A total of 93 patients in group 1 and 206 in group 2 were intervened, mainly male patients with an median age of 68 years. The frequencies of co-morbidities were similar in both groups. There was a reduced tendency of reoperations in group 2 (12.9%vs 5.8%), and a greater tendency of postoperative complications in group 1 (30.1% vs 12.6%). However, the types complications were similar. The results show a median hospital stay of 13.3 days (SD+- 10,4) vs. 7.19 days (SD+- 4.20) p=0.00001, median post-operative stay of 9.16 days (SD-+ 8,1) vs. 5.62 days (SD+- 3,46) p= 0.001 and median intensive unit stay of 2.76 days (SD+-4.19) vs 1.56 days (SD+-1.86) p=0.00001 in group 1 y 2 respectively. Early global mortality was 3.3% with a distribution frequency of 6.5% (n=6) in group 1 and 1.9% (n=4) in group 2. In our experience, the extraperitoneal approach offers better results regarding hospital, postoperative and intensive care unit stay, as well as post-operative re-operation rates and complications. Because of the small sample size, the mortality difference was not statistically significant; however, we found an important tendency towards improved mortality rates with this approach.

Heinz, Hiller; Jaime, Camacho; Julián, Moreno.

2010-02-01

227

Endovascular treatment of hemoptysis: influence of the type of pathology on the post embolization prognosis; Tratamiento endovascular de la hemoptisis: influencia del tipo de patologia en el pronostico postembolizacion  

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To describe the course of patients with hemoptysis following embolization of the arteries involved, assessing the incidence of re bleeding in patients grouped according to type of pathology. Over the past five years, we have carried out 77 embolization in bronchial and other systemic arteries in 64 patients (46 men and 18 women) ranging in age from 18 to 83 years (mean: 54{+-}15 years). The underlying diseases were active tuberculosis (n=11), latent tuberculosis (n=15), bronchiectasis (n=14), aspergilloma (n=3), pulmonary neoplasm (n=10), lung abscess (n=10) and miscellaneous conditions (n=10). Rebleeding occurred in 25 patients (32%). Of these, 13 had to undergo repeat embolization, 7 were treated surgically and 3 died during the recurrence of hemoptysis. In two cases, no diseased arteries could be found and embolization was not performed. The overall hemostatic efficacy was 86% after 7 days, 78% after one month and 61% after one year. In the patients with tuberculosis, the rates were 96% at one week and 91% at one month and one year, while among the remaining groups (with neoplasm, abscess, etc.), the incidences were 80% at day 7,70% at one month and 42% at one year. According to our experience, rebleeding occurs most frequently among patients with diseases other than tuberculosis. In these cases, follow-up should be closer and other therapeutic alternatives (surgery, radiotherapy, endobronchial laser) should be considered as a complement to percutaneous endovascular treatment. (Author) 22 refs.

Garcia, J.; Fernandez, M.; Fernandez, A.; Duran, D.; Dominguez, L.; Boullosa, E. [Hospital Xeral de Vigo (Spain)

2000-07-01

228

Laparoscopia versus laparotomía paraprepucial en el tratamiento de criptorquidismo abdominal en caninos / Laparoscopy versus parapreputial laparotomy for the treatment of abdominal cryptorchidism in dogs / Laparoscopia versus laparotomía paraprepucial no tratamento de criptorquidismo abdominal em caninos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Resumo Objetivo: determinar diferenças no tempo de cirurgia, dor e complicações entre criptorquidectomia por laparoscopia (CL) e criptorquidectomia por laparotomía média ventral (CLMV) em caninos com criptorquidismo unilateral abdominal. Materiais e métodos: utilizaram-se 11 pacientes, com peso médi [...] o de 20 ± 9,6 kg e idade promedio de 21 ± 12,8 meses, distribuídos em grupos de seis e cinco animais para realizar lhes CL e CLMV respectivamente. Mediou-se o tempo quirurgico total, o tempo de extração do testículo abdominal e o escrotal. A avaliação da dor realizou-se as 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12 e 24 horas após cirurgia, utilizando uma escada de referencia da Universidade de Melbourne (UMPS). As complicações foram monitoradas ate às 24 horas mediante valoração clinica e ultrassonografia. Resultados: a criptorquidia foi mais comum em raças puras e afetou principalmente o testículo esquerdo. O tempo de cirurgia foi significativamente menor usando CLMV para extrair o testículo abdominal. Na avaliação qualitativa da dor, todos os pacientes apresentaram nível leve, exceto um paciente do grupo CLMV que apresentou muita dor. Encontrou-se uma diferença significativa (P Abstract in spanish Resumen Objetivo: determinar diferencias en tiempo de cirugía, dolor y complicaciones entre criptorquidectomía por laparoscopia (CL) y criptorquidectomía por laparotomía medio ventral (CLMV) en caninos con criptorquidismo unilateral abdominal. Materiales y métodos: se utilizaron 11 pacientes, con pe [...] so promedio de 20 ± 9.6 kg y edad promedio de 21 ± 12.8 meses, distribuidos en grupos de 6 y 5 animales para realizarles CL y CLMV respectivamente. Se midió el tiempo quirúrgico total, el tiempo de extracción del testículo abdominal y el escrotal. La evaluación del dolor se realizó a las 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12 y 24 horas poscirugía, usando la escala de la Universidad de Melbourne (UMPS). Las complicaciones se monitorearon hasta 24 horas mediante valoración clínica y ultrasonografía. Resultados: la criptorquidia fue más común en razas puras y afectó principalmente el testículo derecho. El tiempo de cirugía fue significativamente menor usando CLMV para extraer el testículo abdominal. En la evaluación cualitativa del dolor, todos los pacientes presentaron nivel leve, excepto un paciente del grupo CLMV que presentó mayor dolor. Se encontró una diferencia estadística significativa a favor del grupo CL en la valoración del dolor a las 2 horas posquirúrgicas. Se detectó una complicación en un paciente del grupo CL a las 4 horas y tuvo que ser reintervenido. Conclusiones: ambos procedimientos produjeron dolor leve con diferencias estadísticamente significativas solo a las 2 horas. Se requirió menor tiempo de cirugía para la extracción del testículo abdominal realizando CLMV. La hemorragia posquirúrgica es una complicación a tener en cuenta al realizar CL. Abstract in english Abstract Objective: to determine differences in the length of time of surgery, pain, and complications between laparoscopic cryptorchidectomy (CL) and cryptorchidectomy through mid-ventral laparotomy (CLMV) in dogs suffering from unilateral abdominal cryptorchidism. Materials and methods: 11 patient [...] s were used. The average weight of the dogs was 20 ± 9.6 kg, and the average age was 21 ± 12.8 months. Six and five dogs were assigned to CL and CLMV, respectively. Total surgery time and extraction time of abdominal and scrotal testis were measured. Pain evaluation was performed at 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 hours after surgery using the pain scale developed by the University of Melbourne (UMPS). Complications were monitored during 24 hours by clinical assessment and ultrasonography. Results: cryptorchidism was more common in pure breeds and it affected mainly the right testicle. The operating time to remove the abdominal testis was significantly less using CLMV. Qualitative assessment of pain showed that all patients had mild pain, except for

Carlos Andrés, Oviedo Peñata; Carlos Andrés, Hernández López.

2013-07-01

229

Aortic aneurysm repair - endovascular  

Science.gov (United States)

EVAR; Endovascular aneurysm repair - aorta; AAA repair - endovascular; Repair - aortic aneurysm - endovascular ... graft up into your aorta, to where the aneurysm is located. The doctor will open the stent ...

230

[Endoprosthesis in the treatment of severe abdominal angina].  

Science.gov (United States)

The endovascular treatment (percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stent placement) is an option to surgical treatment in patients with abdominal angor, with good results by a less invasive way. A case of a patient with superior mesenteric artery occlusion and severe stenosis of celiac axis is presented that was treated by endovascular treatment and stenting, with resolution of the abdominal angor. PMID:12025456

Pisco, J Martins; Alpendre, João; Macedo, T Costa; Branco, J Castelo; Coutinho, A Pereira; De Brito, L Xavier; Guerreiro, A Sousa

2002-01-01

231

Open versus Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in the Elective and Emergent Setting in a Pooled Population of 37,781 Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis  

Science.gov (United States)

Background. We evaluated the incidence of mortality and myocardial infarction (MI) in endovascular repair (EVAR) as compared to open aneurysm repair (OAR) in both elective and ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA ) setting. Methods. We analyzed the rates of 30-day mortality, 30-day MI, and hospital length of stay (LOS) based on comparative observation and randomized control trials involving EVAR and OAR. Results. 41 trials compared EVAR to OAR with a total pooled population of 37,781 patients. Analysis of elective and ruptured AAA repair favored EVAR with respect to 30-day mortality with a pooled odds ratio of 0.19 (95% CI 0.17–0.20; I2 = 88.9%; P < 0.001). There were a total of 1,835 30-day MI events reported in the EVAR group as compared to 2,483 events in the OAR group. The pooled odds ratio for elective AAA was 0.74 (95% CI 0.58–0.96; P = 0.02) in favor of EVAR. The average LOS was reduced by 296.75?hrs (95% CI 156.68–436.82?hrs; P < 0.001) in the EVAR population. Conclusions. EVAR has lower rates of 30-day mortality, 30-day MI, and LOS in both elective and ruptured AAA repair. PMID:25006502

Thomas, Dustin M.; Hulten, Edward A.; Ellis, Shane T.; Anderson, David M. F.; Anderson, Nathan; McRae, Fiora; Malik, Jamil A.; Villines, Todd C.; Slim, Ahmad M.

2014-01-01

232

Morbidity and mortality in the early postoperative course following elective reconstruction of abdominal aorta aneurysm using endovascular and open surgical techniques  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Backgroud/Aim. Surgical treatment is the only method of abdominal aorta aneurysm (AAA) treatment. According to data of the available literature, elective open, ie conservative, reconstruction (OR) is followed by 3%-5% mortality, as well as by numerous comorbide conditions inside the early postoperative course (the first 30 days after the surgery) that occur in 20%-30% of the operated on. The aim of the study was to present preliminar results of a comparative clinical retrospective study of ea...

Marjanovi? Ivan; Jevti? Miodrag; Mišovi? Sidor; ?oli? Miodrag; Zoranovi? Uroš; Šarac Momir; Rusovi? Siniša; Jovanovi? Milan

2010-01-01

233

Evaluation of abdominal aortic aneurysm for endovascular stent-grafting with volume-rendered CT images of vessel lumen and thrombus  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of CT images of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with volume-rendered (VR) display of vessel lumen and thrombus and to evaluate its usefulness in the planning of stent-grafting. Helical CT was performed in 11 patients with AAA. Volume data of the vessel lumen and thrombus were separately extracted, and the VR images were reconstructed. Vessel measurements were made by five radiologists and compared with the axial and multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) images. Angiography and intravascular ultrasonography were used as standard references. The relations of aneurysmal sac to the major arterial branches and the subjective overall diagnostic value were evaluated by using a continuous rating scale. Accuracy of measurements was higher on VR images than on axial/MPR in 7 of 13 regions. Interobserver variance of VR images was smaller in 7 of 14 regions. Detection of renal and internal iliac artery involvements was better on VR images (p<0.05). Overall diagnostic value was also higher on VR images (p<0.05). VR CT images of vessel lumen and thrombus are supportive of and supplementary to conventional axial/MPR images in planning stent-grafting for AAA. (author)

234

Endovascular Treatment of a Ruptured Splenic Artery Aneurysm using Amplatzer® Vascular Plug  

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Splenic Artery Aneurysms are commonly detected incidentally and can present acutely as a source of intra-abdominal catastrophe. Management options include both surgical and endovascular repair. The role of endovascular repair in an haemodynamically stable acute rupture is undefined and the use of Amplatzer® Vascular Plug has not to our knowledge been reported.

Manian, Ud; Badri, H.; Coyne, Pe; Nice, Ca; Ashour, Hy; Bhattacharya, V.

2009-01-01

235

Endovascular management of acute bleeding arterioenteric fistulas  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The objective of this study was to review the outcome of endovascular transcatheter repair of emergent arterioenteric fistulas. Cases of abdominal arterioenteric fistulas (defined as a fistula between a major artery and the small intestine or colon, thus not the esophagus or stomach), diagnosed over the 3-year period between December 2002 and December 2005 at our institution, were retrospectively reviewed. Five patients with severe enteric bleeding underwent angiography and endovascular repair. Four presented primary arterioenteric fistulas, and one presented a secondary aortoenteric fistula. All had massive persistent bleeding with hypotension despite volume substitution and transfusion by the time of endovascular management. Outcome after treatment of these patients was investigated for major procedure-related complications, recurrence, reintervention, morbidity, and mortality. Mean follow-up time was 3 months (range, 1-6 months). All massive bleeding was controlled by occlusive balloon catheters. Four fistulas were successfully sealed with stent-grafts, resulting in a technical success rate of 80%. One patient was circulatory stabilized by endovascular management but needed immediate further open surgery. There were no procedure-related major complications. Mean hospital stay after the initial endovascular intervention was 19 days. Rebleeding occurred in four patients (80%) after a free interval of 2 weeks or longer. During the follow-up period three patients needed reintervention. The in-hospital mortality was 20% and the 30-day mortality was 40%. The midterm outcome was poor, due to comorbidities or rebleeding, with a mortality of 80% within 6 months. In conclusion, endovascular repair is an efficient and safe method to stabilize patients with life-threatening bleeding arterioenteric fistulas in the emergent episode. However, in this group of patients with severe comorbidities, the risk of rebleeding is high and further intervention must be considered. Patients with cancer may only need treatment for the acute bleeding episode, and an endovascular approach has the advantage of low morbidity Udgivelsesdato: 2008/5

Leonhardt, H.; Mellander, S.

2008-01-01

236

Síndrome compartimental abdominal / Abdominal compartment syndrome  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Desde el siglo XIX se conocen los efectos negativos del aumento de la presión intraabdominal, pero no se le prestó la debida atención a este trastorno hasta la última década del pasado siglo y la primera del actual. En este artículo exponemos las definiciones de los términos presión intrabdominal, h [...] ipertensión intrabdominal y síndrome compartimental abdominal, que fueron tomadas por consenso y aprobadas por la World Society of the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome. En nuestro medio, para el diagnóstico de la hipertensión intrabdominal y del síndrome compartimental abdominal se requiere medir la presión intrabdominal, secundariamente la presión de perfusión abdominal y se deben correlacionar estos datos con signos de deterioro clínico en el paciente. Las medidas terapéuticas médicas en relación con el síndrome compartimental abdominal son limitadas; cuando este es sintomático la descompresión abdominal es el tratamiento ya establecido. Enfatizamos en que el diagnóstico temprano de la hipertensión intrabdominal y del síndrome compartimental abdominal contribuyen a disminuir el desarrollo de un síndrome de disfunción múltiple de órganos y por tanto a reducir la mortalidad en estos pacientes. Con el objetivo de actualizar los conocimientos sobre hipertensión intrabdominal y síndrome compartimental abdominal, su diagnóstico y tratamiento, realizamos una minuciosa revisión actualizada de diversos artículos referentes al síndrome compartimental abdominal, tanto en el ámbito nacional como internacional. Abstract in english The negative effects of increased intra-abdominal pressure are known since the XIX Century, but attention was not paid to this disorder until the last decade of the last century and the first decade of the present one. In this article, we state the definitions of the terms intra-abdominal pressure, [...] intra-abdominal hypertension, and abdominal compartment syndrome which were taken with consent and approved by the World Society of the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome. In our field, to get to a diagnosis of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome, it is required to measure the intra-abdominal pressure and secondarily, the abdominal perfusion pressure; then, these data should be correlated with the signs of clinical deterioration of the patient. The medical therapeutic measures related to the abdominal compartment syndrome are limited, and when it is symptomatic, abdominal decompression is the established treatment. We want to make emphasis on the fact that the early diagnosis of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome contribute to diminish the development of a multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, hence reducing mortality in these patients. With the aim of updating knowledge about intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome as well as their diagnosis and treatment, we carried out a detailed updated review of different articles regarding the abdominal compartment syndrome from both national and international scopes.

Misael, Guzmán Nápoles; Martha Esther, Larrea Fabra.

2013-06-01

237

Curativos para tratamento de feridas operatórias abdominais: uma revisão sistemática Los apósitos para el tratamiento quirúrgico de las heridas abdominales: una revisión sistemática Dressings for the treatment of abdominal surgical wounds: a systematic review  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar o curativo prevalente para o tratamento das feridas operatórias abdominais com complicações, visando buscar evidências que possam subsidiar o desenvolvimento de um protocolo institucional para o tratamento das mesmas. Metodologia: desenvolveu-se uma Revisão Sistemática, que teve como pergunta norteadora "Qual é o curativo prevalente no tratamento dos pacientes com complicações de feridas operatórias (FOs abdominais?" Foram utilizados MeSH para buscar o maior número de estudos possíveis em sete base de dados eletrônicas. Resultados: a busca nas bases de dados resultou em 6.107 artigos que, após serem submetidos aos testes de relevância, resultaram em 33 estudos que compuseram a amostra. O curativo a VAC foi o mais indicado para tratar FOs abdominais que tiveram complicações. Conclusão: sugerem-se novas pesquisas para que se possa avaliar a efetividade e viabilidade da terapia VAC na nossa realidade.El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar los curativos prevalentes en el tratamiento de heridas quirúrgicas abdominales con complicaciones, con la finalidad de obtener evidencias que puedan subsidiar el desarrollo de protocolo institucional para tratamiento de las mismas. Metodología: una Revisión Sistemática que tuvo como pregunta orientadora ¿Cuál es el curativo prevalente en el tratamiento de los pacientes con complicaciones de heridas operatorias abdominales? Fueron utilizados MeSH para buscar el mayor número de estudios posibles, en siete bases de datos electrónicas. Resultados: La búsqueda en las bases de datos resultó en 6107 artículos, después se realizaron los Test de Relevancia resultando la muestra final de 33 estudios. El uso del curativo VAC es curativo más indicado para tratar FOs abdominales que tuvieron complicaciones. Conclusión: Se sugieren nuevas investigaciones, para que se pueda evaluar la efectividad y viabilidad de la terapia VAC en nuestra realidad.The aim of this study was to identify the dressings used to treat abdominal surgical wounds with complications, in order to look for evidence that supports the development of an institutional protocol for handling these wounds. Methodology: a Systematic Review was developed, which had as a guiding question: What is the prevalent dressing in the treatment of patients with complications in abdominal surgical wounds? The MeSH database was used to search for the largest possible number of studies in seven electronic databases. Results: The search in the databases resulted in 6,107 articles, after being tested for relevance, the result was 33 studies that comprised the sample. The use of the VAC dressing was the best suited to treat abdominal surgical wounds with complications. Conclusion: Further research is suggested, so that the effectiveness and feasibility of VAC therapy in our reality can be assessed.

Carolina Giordani Silva

2012-09-01

238

Exclusión percutánea de seudoaneurisma aórtico abdominal traumático desde acceso braquial / Percutaneous exclusion of traumatic abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm from a brachial approach  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El seudoaneurisma aórtico abdominal (SAA) es una lesión infrecuente, se describe a la injuria traumática aórtica, como una de sus principales causas, tanto su ruptura como el tratamiento quirúrgico tienen alta morbimortalidad. Por ello, el tratamiento endovascular mediante embolización química o exc [...] lusión con dispositivos, ha surgido como tratamiento alternativo. Sin embargo, existen riesgos como la oclusión de vasos viscerales cercanos al cuello del defecto, embolización del material o ruptura aórtica. Por lo tanto, la elección del material y vía de abordaje, debe ser planeada cuidadosamente en cada caso. Comunicamos un paciente, a quien 10 años después de una herida abdominal por arma de fuego, se le diagnosticó un SAA de 17 x 13 cm, con cuello corto, originado cercanamente al ostium del tronco celíaco, formando un ángulo agudo con el eje aórtico. Realizamos la exclusión del mismo, con un dispositivo diseñado para el cierre de comunicación interauricular (CIA), utilizando el acceso braquial izquierdo, debido a la angulación del cuello del defecto. No hubo complicaciones, a las 72 horas se otorgó alta hospitalaria. El control tomográfico al mes, mostró el falso aneurisma de igual tamaño y sin flujo residual. A los cinco meses de seguimiento, la paciente permanece asintomática. Abstract in english Abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm (AAP) is a rare lesion, although traumatic aortic injury is described as one of the main causes; both the rupture as the surgical treatment of the defect has high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, endovascular treatment either by chemical embolization or exclusion o [...] f defect with devices has emerged as an alternative treatment. However, there are risks such as occlusion of visceral vessels near the neck of the defect, embolization material or aortic rupture. Therefore, the choice of material and method of approach should be planned carefully in each case. We report a patient who ten years after abdominal wound frearm was diagnosed with AAP 17x13 cm, with short neck originated close to the ostium of the celiac trunk at an acute angle with the aortic axis. We perform the exclusion of the defect with a device designed for closing atrial septal defect from the left brachial access due to the angulation of the neck defect. There were no complications. At 72 hours was granted discharge. A month later, CT scan control showed the false aneurysm of equal size and no residual flow. The monitoring to date is five months and the patient remained asymptomatic.

Ricardo, Gamboa; Raúl E, Ríos-Méndez; Raúl, Solernó; Federico, Giachello; Ángeles, Videla-Lynch; Ricardo A, Sarmiento.

2012-03-01

239

Percutaneous endovascular reconstruction with endovascular placement for isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous endovascular reconstruction with endovascular stent placement for isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery. Methods: Five patients with isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery were enrolled in this study. The diagnosis was confirmed by abdominal computed tomography angiography (CTA) and percutaneous transcatheter digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in all the five patients. One asymptomatic case was discovered by medical examination, which was classified to type ? (Sakamoto angiographic categorization). The other four cases were admitted to hospital with acute abdominal pain and diarrhea, which were classified to type ? (1 case) and type ? (3 cases). Fasting together with antiplatelet and anticoagulation therapy was initially employed. Then, percutaneous endovascular reconstruction with stenting was carried out and the patients were kept on antiplatelet therapy. Follow-up checkups with CTA or DSA were conducted at 1, 3 and 6 months after the treatment. Results: Technical success was achieved in all five patients without any complications. Combination of the coil embolization and endovascular stent placement were preformed in 2 cases. The other 3 cases were successfully treated with simple double-stent placement. The clinical symptoms in the four symptomatic patients disappeared within 3 weeks. Follow-up CTA or DSA was adopted in 5 patients. Repeated angiography performed at 3 months after the procedure showed that complete resolution of the dissection and successful restoration of the true lumen with sufficient distal flow of the SMA were obtained in five patients. Conclusion: Percutaneous endovascular reconstruction with stent placement is a feasible and effective treatment for isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery. (authors)

240

Risk factors influencing outcome of endovascular abdominol aortic aneurysm repair  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) is a vascular disorder in which the abdominal aorta becomes permanently dilated to at least 1.5 times its normal diameter. The prevalence of AAA has increased rapidly during the last decade, and aneurysmal rupture is now the 13th most common cause of death in the Western world. Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms, introduced at the beginning of the 1990s, was a significant accomplishment in vascular surgery. In this PhD-thesis we analysed the e...

Leurs, Lina Jessica

2006-01-01

 
 
 
 
241

Curativos para tratamento de feridas operatórias abdominais: uma revisão sistemática / Dressings for the treatment of abdominal surgical wounds: a systematic review / Los apósitos para el tratamiento quirúrgico de las heridas abdominales: una revisión sistemática  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar o curativo prevalente para o tratamento das feridas operatórias abdominais com complicações, visando buscar evidências que possam subsidiar o desenvolvimento de um protocolo institucional para o tratamento das mesmas. Metodologia: desenvolveu-se uma Revisão Si [...] stemática, que teve como pergunta norteadora "Qual é o curativo prevalente no tratamento dos pacientes com complicações de feridas operatórias (FOs) abdominais?" Foram utilizados MeSH para buscar o maior número de estudos possíveis em sete base de dados eletrônicas. Resultados: a busca nas bases de dados resultou em 6.107 artigos que, após serem submetidos aos testes de relevância, resultaram em 33 estudos que compuseram a amostra. O curativo a VAC foi o mais indicado para tratar FOs abdominais que tiveram complicações. Conclusão: sugerem-se novas pesquisas para que se possa avaliar a efetividade e viabilidade da terapia VAC na nossa realidade. Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar los curativos prevalentes en el tratamiento de heridas quirúrgicas abdominales con complicaciones, con la finalidad de obtener evidencias que puedan subsidiar el desarrollo de protocolo institucional para tratamiento de las mismas. Metodología: una Revisió [...] n Sistemática que tuvo como pregunta orientadora ¿Cuál es el curativo prevalente en el tratamiento de los pacientes con complicaciones de heridas operatorias abdominales? Fueron utilizados MeSH para buscar el mayor número de estudios posibles, en siete bases de datos electrónicas. Resultados: La búsqueda en las bases de datos resultó en 6107 artículos, después se realizaron los Test de Relevancia resultando la muestra final de 33 estudios. El uso del curativo VAC es curativo más indicado para tratar FOs abdominales que tuvieron complicaciones. Conclusión: Se sugieren nuevas investigaciones, para que se pueda evaluar la efectividad y viabilidad de la terapia VAC en nuestra realidad. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to identify the dressings used to treat abdominal surgical wounds with complications, in order to look for evidence that supports the development of an institutional protocol for handling these wounds. Methodology: a Systematic Review was developed, which had as a guiding q [...] uestion: What is the prevalent dressing in the treatment of patients with complications in abdominal surgical wounds? The MeSH database was used to search for the largest possible number of studies in seven electronic databases. Results: The search in the databases resulted in 6,107 articles, after being tested for relevance, the result was 33 studies that comprised the sample. The use of the VAC dressing was the best suited to treat abdominal surgical wounds with complications. Conclusion: Further research is suggested, so that the effectiveness and feasibility of VAC therapy in our reality can be assessed.

Carolina Giordani, Silva; Maria da Graça Oliveira, Crossetti.

2012-09-01

242

Endovascular Repair of a Secondary Aorto-Appendiceal Fistula  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aortoenteric fistula (AEF) is an uncommon but serious complication occurring after aortic surgery and may occur at any site in the gastrointestinal tract, with the duodenum being the most common. Conventional surgical repair of secondary AEF has high mortality, whereas endovascular repair has emerged as an alternative treatment despite concerns about persistent or recurrent infection. We report the case of a 91-year old man who was admitted with rectal bleeding from an aorto-appendiceal fistula 9 years after open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. This rare site for AEF was diagnosed on computed tomography, and we present the first case of endovascular treatment of this uncommon complication.

243

Endovascular surgery in gynecology  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Endovascular surgery has presented a high evolution since 1960 with Charles Dotter, who changed the concept of catheter utilization as a mean to diagnose and introduce therapeutic in interventionist vascular environment. The first reports of bleeding control of gastrointestinal and transluminal angioplasty input the development of new techniques for endovascular access, and new materials use, such as microcatheters and embolic agents, become this procedure effective and viable for treatment o...

Marcos de Lorenzo Messina; Fernanda Deutsch; Eduardo Zlotnik; Felipe Nasser; Breno Boueri Affonso; Nilson Roberto de Melo; Edmund Chada Baracat

2010-01-01

244

Aneurisma aórtico abdominal en pacientes mayores de 80 años: tratamiento quirúrgico convencional en 80 casos consecutivos Results of the surgical management of abdominal aortic aneurysms in 80 patients over 80 years of age  

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Full Text Available Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA may be lethal unless appropriately and timely treated. Since age is a surgical risk, octogenarians are usually not considered as candidates for surgical intervention. Aim: To asses surgical complications and mortality in octogenarians treated for AAA. Subjects and Methods: Patients aged 80 years older, treated consecutively between 1984-2001 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Sixty one patients were male, and their age ranged from 80 to 95 years. All were treated with open surgery. The operation was elective in 58 and as an emergency in 22 patients (symptomatic or ruptured AAA. Aortic diameter was 6.8±1.4 cm in asymptomatic patients and 7.7±1.8 cm in emergency cases (p=0.024. Thirty days postoperative mortality was 5.1% in elective surgery compared to 40.6% in emergency operations (p <0.01. Five years survival rate was 44.7% in asymptomatic patients compared to 10.4% in the emergency cases (p <0.023. Conclusions: Elective surgery for asymptomatic AAA can be performed with low operative mortality in octogenarians. However, surgery in emergency cases has an 8 fold increase in risk. Accordingly, octogenarian patients should be considered for elective AAA repair in a selective basis

Francisco Valdés E

2003-09-01

245

Endovascular stent graft repair of multiple tuberculous thoracoabdominal aneurysms  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We describe a case of multiple tuberculous aneurysms of the descending thoracic aorta and abdominal aorta repaired with endovascular stent graft. The case was a 47-year-old man who presented with three saccular pseudoaneurysms of aortoiliac bifurcation at computed tomography (CT) scan. Despite of antimycobacterial treatment, these aneurysms grew rapidly and saccular pseudoaneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta was newly seen. A bifurcated stent graft was successfully implanted in the aortoiliac bifurcation. Subsequently, endovascular stent graft was placed well in the descending thoracic aorta. Fourteen months after the procedure, the patient was stable and serial CT images showed regression of aneurysms with ongoing antimycobacterial treatment. Therefore, endovascular stent graft repair with antimycobacterial therapy may be a treatment option in patients with multiple tuberculous aneurysms.

Kim, Sung Jung; Won, Je Hwan [Dept. of Radiology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon (Korea, Republic of)

2014-05-15

246

Repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms with bifurcated endografts: a single-center study  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe our early experience in the treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms with bifurcated endografts. We report on our initial twelve-month experience using this approach. METHODS: Clinical data on patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms treated at a single tertiary center in Brazil were prospectively recorded. The eligibility for endovascular treatment was evaluated by computed tomography scanning and anatomical features were determined based on the method of treatment. RESULTS: From February 2012 to January 2013 (12 months), 28 consecutive patients (mean age 67.2 years, range 45-85 years) underwent treatment for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms at our hospital. Eighteen patients (64.3%) were suitable for and underwent endovascular treatment with bifurcated endografts (16 patients) or aortouniiliac endografts (two patients). Ten patients who were considered unsuitable for endograft repair underwent open repair. Seven patients were classified as hemodynamically unstable (Endovascular, 5; Open, 2), and 21 were classified as stable (Endovascular, 13; Open, 8). The overall 30-day mortality rate associated with endovascular treatment was 27.8% (stable, 18.7%; unstable, 40%) and the rate associated with open repair was 50% (stable, 37.5%; unstable, 100%). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the suitability of patients for endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms was high and the overall results of endovascular treatment remain encouraging. Indeed, bifurcated endografts are a feasible option for treating anatomically eligible ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms. PMID:24964307

Queiroz, André Brito; Schneidwind, Karina Paula Domingos Rosa; Mulatti, Grace Carvajal; Santo, Fábio Rodrigues Ferreira Espirito; Neto, Paulo Sassaki; Torres, Inez Ohashi; De Luccia, Nelson

2014-01-01

247

Tratamiento de los defectos de la pared abdominal (gastrosquisis y onfalocele) en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, 1998-2006 / Management of abdominal wall defects (gastroschisis and omphalocele) at Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, in Medellín, Colombia, 1998-2006  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción:la gastrosquisis y el onfalocele son malformaciones de la pared abdominal en neonatos que, a pesar de sus grandes diferencias, tienen en común el hecho de ser enfermedades graves caracterizadas por la herniación de las vísceras intrabdominales a través de un defecto de la pared abdomina [...] l. Los niños con estas enfermedades se presentan como emergencias quirúrgicas que plantean un reto difícil para el cirujano tratante. Tienen una tasa de mortalidad que oscila entre 20- 40%, aun con el tratamiento apropiado y se asocian a un amplio rango de malformaciones, principalmente en los niños con onfalocele. Objetivo: el objetivo de la presente revisión retrospectiva es describir el tratamientode los pacientes con gastrosquisis y onfalocele, y los resultados con él obtenidos, entre 1998 y 2006, en la Sección de Cirugía Pediátrica del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl (HUSVP), de Medellín. Pacientes y métodos: se evaluaron todos los pacientes que ingresaron al Servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica del HUSVP con diagnóstico de gastrosquisis u onfalocele, entre el 1 de enero de 1998 y el 31 de diciembre de 2006. Se definió el tipo de tratamiento llevado a cabo y, de acuerdo con este, se revisaron los resultados: las complicaciones posquirúrgicas, tales como infección del sitio operatorio, evisceración, sepsis, íleo e hipertensión intrabdominal; el tiempo de inicio de la vía oral y de la nutrición parenteral total (NPT); la permanencia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI) y la duración de la estancia hospitalaria. Resultados: se identificaron 55 pacientes, 32 con gastrosquisis y 23 con onfalocele; en todos se hizo tratamiento quirúrgico. En 31 pacientes (56,4%) se hizo cierre primario y en 24 (43,6%), cierre por etapas; en esta última modalidad el procedimiento más utilizado fue el silo (12 niños; (50%). En 42 pacientes (76,4%) se presentaron complicaciones la más frecuente de las cuales fue la sepsis. La frecuencia de complicaciones asociadas al procedimiento quirúrgico fue similar para el cierre primario y el cierre por etapas (49,9% y 49,7%, respectivamente). El inicio de la vía oral fue más temprano para los pacientes tratados con cierre primario. Los pacientes con gastrosquisis requirieron mayor tiempo de estancia en la UCI y en el hospital. Murieron 16 pacientes (29,1%); la mortalidad fue más alta en los que tenían onfalocele (10/23; 43,5%) que en los con gastrosquisis (6/32; 18,8%). Abstract in english Introduction: Gastroschisis and omphalocele are neonatal malformations of the abdominal wall. Despite their great differences, both are severe diseases characterized by herniation of viscera through the defect in the abdominal wall. Children with these defects present as surgical emergencies that po [...] se a difficult challenge to the attending surgeon. Even with appropriate management, the mortality rate is between 20-40%. Omphalocele and, to a lesser degree gastroschisis, are associated with a wide range of malformations. Objective: The aim of this retrospective review was to describe the management of children with gastroschisis or omphalocele, and the results obtained with it, at the Pediatric Surgery Section, Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, in Medellin, Colombia. Patients and methods: We evaluated the charts of all patients admitted to the Pediatric Surgery Section, between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 2006, with a diagnosis of gastroschisis or omphalocele. The type of treatment was defined as either primary closure or closure by stages; accordingly, we reviewed the results of the operation, the surgical complications (surgical site infection, evisceration, sepsis, ileus and intraabdominal hypertension), the time of onset of oral and total parenteral nutrition (TPN), and the duration of hospital and UCI stay. Results: 55 patients were identified, 32 with gastroschisis and 23 with omphalocele, all of whom were surgically treated. In 31 patients (56.4%) primary closure w

Míriam Natalia, Herrera Toro; María Elena, Arango Rave; Paula María, Jaramillo Gómez.

2010-09-01

248

Tratamento endovascular de aneurisma de ilíaca roto: relato de caso Endovascular treatment of a ruptured iliac aneurysm: case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A taxa de mortalidade cirúrgica do aneurisma de ilíaca roto é similar à do aneurisma de aorta abdominal roto, devido à sua localização profunda na pelve, dificuldade de exposição distal da ilíaca decorrente do hematoma, bridas devido a laparotomia prévia e proximidade com ureter e estruturas venosas. O objetivo do presente estudo é enfatizar o procedimento endovascular como mais uma opção na correção dessas lesões. Relata-se o caso de um paciente de 60 anos de idade, submetido a derivação com enxerto aorto-biilíaco prévio com prótese há 5 anos, por aneurisma de aorta abdominal infra-renal, apresentando rotura de aneurisma em segmento remanescente da ilíaca comum esquerda. Estava hemodinamicamente estável após ressuscitação com fluidos e foi submetido ao tratamento endovascular de urgência, com a exclusão do aneurisma e ausência de vazamentos.The surgical mortality rate of ruptured iliac aneurysms is similar to ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms in terms of their location deep in the pelvis, difficult access to the distal iliac artery due to hematoma, adherences due to prior laparotomy and proximity of the ureter and venous structures. This study aims at highlighting the endovascular procedure as an alternative in the correction of this lesion. We report the case of a patient submitted to aortobiiliac prosthetic graft due to infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm 5 years ago, who presented with a ruptured aneurysm in the remaining segment of the left common iliac artery. The patient was hemodynamically stable after fluid replacement therapy and was submitted to urgent endovascular treatment. The treatment resulted in the exclusion of the aneurysm without endoleaks.

Adinaldo Adhemar Menezes da Silva

2007-03-01

249

Tratamento endovascular de aneurisma de ilíaca roto: relato de caso / Endovascular treatment of a ruptured iliac aneurysm: case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A taxa de mortalidade cirúrgica do aneurisma de ilíaca roto é similar à do aneurisma de aorta abdominal roto, devido à sua localização profunda na pelve, dificuldade de exposição distal da ilíaca decorrente do hematoma, bridas devido a laparotomia prévia e proximidade com ureter e estruturas venosas [...] . O objetivo do presente estudo é enfatizar o procedimento endovascular como mais uma opção na correção dessas lesões. Relata-se o caso de um paciente de 60 anos de idade, submetido a derivação com enxerto aorto-biilíaco prévio com prótese há 5 anos, por aneurisma de aorta abdominal infra-renal, apresentando rotura de aneurisma em segmento remanescente da ilíaca comum esquerda. Estava hemodinamicamente estável após ressuscitação com fluidos e foi submetido ao tratamento endovascular de urgência, com a exclusão do aneurisma e ausência de vazamentos. Abstract in english The surgical mortality rate of ruptured iliac aneurysms is similar to ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms in terms of their location deep in the pelvis, difficult access to the distal iliac artery due to hematoma, adherences due to prior laparotomy and proximity of the ureter and venous structures. [...] This study aims at highlighting the endovascular procedure as an alternative in the correction of this lesion. We report the case of a patient submitted to aortobiiliac prosthetic graft due to infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm 5 years ago, who presented with a ruptured aneurysm in the remaining segment of the left common iliac artery. The patient was hemodynamically stable after fluid replacement therapy and was submitted to urgent endovascular treatment. The treatment resulted in the exclusion of the aneurysm without endoleaks.

Adinaldo Adhemar Menezes da, Silva; Luis Fernando, Reis; Daniel Gustavo, Miquelin; Priscilla Yukiko, Sano; Vlanna Sales, Pereira; José Maria Pereirade, Godoy.

2007-03-01

250

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and endovascular procedures: report of two cases Trombocitopenia induzida por heparina e tratamento endovascular: relato de dois casos  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT is a transient disorder caused by platelet-activating antibodies against platelet factor 4 (PF4-heparin complexes. Clinically it translates into arterial or venous thrombosis and carries high morbidity and mortality. The use of large doses of heparin during endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm could increase the incidence of HIT. We report two cases associating the use of heparin during endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm with the development of HIT.Trombocitopenia induzida por heparina (TIH é um distúrbio transitório causado pela ativação de anticorpos anti-plaquetários contra o fator plaquetário 4 (FP4 combinado com a molécula de heparina, formando complexos que clinicamente se traduzem em tromboses arteriais ou venosas com alta morbimortalidade. O uso de altas doses de heparina durante procedimentos endovasculares para o tratamento de aneurisma de aorta abdominal pode aumentar a incidência de TIH. Relatamos dois casos em que o uso de heparina durante tratamento endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal estava associado ao aparecimento de TIH.

Christiane Campolina Furquim Werneck

2009-09-01

251

High dose rate endovascular brachytherapy in aorto-iliac lesion for the prevention of restenosis  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

This study examined the applicability of endovascular brachytherapy to larger del arteries such as the abdominal aorta and iliac artery. Endovascular brachytherapy using an Ir-192 HDR source was administered 11 times to nine patients who had undergone percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) between 1995 and 1999. The follow-up lasted 13 to 55 months after treatment (median, 24 months). Eight of the 11 lesions have been controlled so far. Although one case developed thrombus inside the stent five months later, recanalization was achieved by means of retreatment. One patient who underwent low-dose irradiation (6 Gy) without stent implantation showed restenosis five months after treatment. We used a centering catheter that did not block the blood stream for exact centering of the radiation source in larger vessels such as the abdominal aorta. Although endovascular brachytherapy is a promising and safe procedure, careful follow-up is needed to detect untoward reactions such as thrombosis. (author)

Yamazaki, Hideya [Toyonaka Municipal Hospital, Osaka (Japan); Tomoda, Kaname; Shiomi, Hiroya [Osaka Univ., Suita (Japan). Graduate School of Medicine] [and others

2002-02-01

252

Endovascular treatment in pregnancy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There is an increased risk of stroke during pregnancy and the puerperium. Decisions should be made immediately upon transfer to each institution, particularly with respect to when and how to treat the patient. This review highlights the feasibility of endovascular treatment in pregnancy. Most of the pharmaceutical agents and therapeutic devices used in clinical practice can be utilized in pregnant patients. Comprehensive information on the benefits and risks of treatment should be explained to the patient and her family, with particular attention to the safety of the mother and fetus. Radiation exposure to the fetus is also a concern; the hazard can be minimized with optimal protection. Several studies have demonstrated that conventional procedures do not cause serious radiation exposure exceeding the threshold of safety to the fetus. Endovascular therapy can be safely performed for the treatment of acute stroke as in non-pregnant patients with adequate attention to pharmaceutical agents and shielding from radiation. In contrast to therapy for acute stroke, preventive endovascular treatment for asymptomatic lesions remains controversial. Several conditions, such as cerebral aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations, are known to bleed more frequently in pregnancy, but whether the benefits of preventive treatment outweigh the associated risks is unknown. The decision for preventive treatment should be carefully made on a case-by-case basis after extensive discussion with the patient. (author)

253

Endovascular repair of para-anastomotic aortoiliac aneurysms.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of endovascular stent grafts in the treatment of para-anastomotic aneurysms (PAAs) as an alternative to high-risk open surgical repair. We identified all patients with previous open aortic aneurysm repair who underwent infrarenal endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) at our institution from June 1998 to April 2007. Patient demographics, previous surgery, and operative complications were recorded. One hundred forty-eight patients underwent EVAR during the study period and 11 patients had previous aortic surgery. Of these 11 redo patients, the mean age was 62 years at initial surgery and 71 years at EVAR. All patients were male. Initial open repair was for rupture in five (45%) patients. The average time between initial and subsequent reintervention was 9 years. All patients were ASA Grade III or IV. Fifty-five percent of the PAAs involved the iliac arteries, 36% the abdominal aorta, and 9% were aortoiliac. Ten patients had endovascular stent-grafts inserted electively, and one patient presented with a contained leak. Aorto-uni-iliac stent-grafts were deployed in seven patients, and bifurcated stent-grafts in four patients. A 100% successful deployment rate was achieved. Perioperative mortality was not seen and one patient needed surgical reintervention to correct an endoleak. Endovascular repair of PAAs is safe and feasible. It is a suitable alternative and has probably now become the treatment of choice in the management of PAAs.

Tsang, Julian S

2009-11-01

254

Imaging of complications after endoluminal treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm is becoming a valuable alternative to open surgery in selected patients. With the recognition of this new treatment, however, many complications, some of them life-threatening, are reported. Imaging plays a major role in the detection of these complications. This article reviews the role of imaging techniques in the detection of these complications. (orig.)

255

Imaging of complications after endoluminal treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm is becoming a valuable alternative to open surgery in selected patients. With the recognition of this new treatment, however, many complications, some of them life-threatening, are reported. Imaging plays a major role in the detection of these complications. This article reviews the role of imaging techniques in the detection of these complications. (orig.)

Golzarian, J.; Struyven, J. [Dept. of Radiology, Erasme Hospital, Univ. Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels (Belgium)

2001-11-01

256

Anesthetic management in endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies  

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Full Text Available Objective: In this study we aimed to compare the anesthesia methods we used in the endovascular treatment of thoracic and abdominal aorta pathologies and to discuss accompanied by literature. Methods: Our study was carried out be retrospectively assessing a total of 20 patients on whom we had administered endovascular treatment for aortic aneurism and aortic dissection. The demographic features of the patients, their American Anesthesia Association (ASA scores, laboratory findings, accompanying diseases, whether they smoke, their ejection fraction and the place and type of aortic pathology was recorded. Also the surgical procedure, anesthesia method, the amounts of crystalloids, colloids and blood products used during the surgery, the anesthesia and surgery durations, complications and interventions, duration of stays in intensive care and the hospital in general and the mortality rates were recorded. All cases were provided with standard anesthesia monitoring. Results: A total of 20 (M=15, F=5 cases were included in our study. 16 of our cases were in ASA 3 risk group and 4 were in ASA 4 risk group. While patients who had been administered with thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR were all given general anesthesia, seven patients who had been administered with abdominal endovascular aortic repair (EVAR were given regional and 6 were given general anesthesia and one case was only given sedoanalgesia. While 8 of the patients administered with EVAR had hypertension all of the patients administered with TEVAR had hypertension. No significant differences were found in blood and blood product transfusions, preoperative and postoperative hemoglobin, hematocrit, urea and creatinine values between two groups. Conclusion: In EVAR and TEVAR applications general anesthesia, regional anesthesia, sedoanalgesia accompanied by local anesthesia can be successfully administered depending on the patient’s status and the location of the procedure.

Abdulmenap Güzel

2014-06-01

257

Tratamento endovascular da persistência do canal arterial em adulto / Patent ductus arteriosus: endovascular treatment in adult patient  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A persistência do canal arterial (PCA) é uma anomalia relativamente freqüente e de simples correção. A correção envolve a ligadura do ducto com ou sem a sua secção. A anomalia em adultos pode provocar hipertensão pulmonar persistente e disfunção ventricular. A correção em adultos é controversa e de [...] maior risco. Um caso de correção endovascular com acesso intra-abdominal da PCA em adulto é descrito. Abstract in english The patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common type of congenital heart defect and its correction is simple when performed early in life. Surgery is performed using stitches or clips. In adults, the anomaly can lead to pulmonary hypertension and ventricular dysfunction. Surgery in adults is controve [...] rsial and high-risk. This report describes an alternative endovascular approach in an adult patient.

Diego Felipe, Gaia; José Honório, Palma; Hyung Chun, Kim; José Augusto Marcondes de, Souza; Cláudia Rodrigues, Alves; Enio, Buffolo.

2008-08-01

258

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and endovascular procedures: report of two cases / Trombocitopenia induzida por heparina e tratamento endovascular: relato de dois casos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Trombocitopenia induzida por heparina (TIH) é um distúrbio transitório causado pela ativação de anticorpos anti-plaquetários contra o fator plaquetário 4 (FP4) combinado com a molécula de heparina, formando complexos que clinicamente se traduzem em tromboses arteriais ou venosas com alta morbimortal [...] idade. O uso de altas doses de heparina durante procedimentos endovasculares para o tratamento de aneurisma de aorta abdominal pode aumentar a incidência de TIH. Relatamos dois casos em que o uso de heparina durante tratamento endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal estava associado ao aparecimento de TIH. Abstract in english Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a transient disorder caused by platelet-activating antibodies against platelet factor 4 (PF4)-heparin complexes. Clinically it translates into arterial or venous thrombosis and carries high morbidity and mortality. The use of large doses of heparin during en [...] dovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm could increase the incidence of HIT. We report two cases associating the use of heparin during endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm with the development of HIT.

Christiane Campolina Furquim, Werneck; Allan, Lossing; Thomas F., Lindsay.

2009-09-01

259

Endovascular surgery in gynecology  

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Full Text Available Endovascular surgery has presented a high evolution since 1960 with Charles Dotter, who changed the concept of catheter utilization as a mean to diagnose and introduce therapeutic in interventionist vascular environment. The first reports of bleeding control of gastrointestinal and transluminal angioplasty input the development of new techniques for endovascular access, and new materials use, such as microcatheters and embolic agents, become this procedure effective and viable for treatment of several pathologies. The embolization of several organs of human body is a procedure carried out for more than 30 years all over the world showing safety, efficacy and of simple execution. In obstetrics and gynecology, particularly, the first reports refer to pelvic hemorrhage control of varied etiology, including pelvic trauma, bladder and gynecology neoplasia, anteriovenous fistulas and puerperal hemorrhages. The embolization of uterine myoma appears in the 1990’s as an alternative for treat of uterine leiomyoma, and a number of studies try to clarify the risks and benefits of this procedure. It is a multidisciplinary technique, with diagnostic and indication performed by gynecologist and the procedure done by interventional vascular radiologist. This review is a critical analysis of interventionist vascular radiologic methods and its main therapeutic indications in gynecology.

Marcos de Lorenzo Messina

2010-12-01

260

Abdominal trauma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Abdominal injury is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in childhood. Ten percent of trauma-related deaths are due to abdominal injury. Thousands of children are involved in auto accidents annually; many suffer severe internal injury. Child abuse is a second less frequent but equally serious cause of internal abdominal injury. The descriptions of McCort and Eisenstein and their associates in the 1960s first brought to attention the frequency and severity of visceral injury as important manifestations of the child abuse syndrome. Blunt abdominal trauma often causes multiple injuries; in the past, many children have been subjected to exploratory surgery to evaluate the extent of possible hidden injury. Since the advent of noninvasive radiologic imaging techniques including radionuclide scans and ultrasound and, especially, computed tomography (CT), the radiologist has been better able to assess (accurately) the extent of abdominal injury and thus allow conservative therapy in many cases. Penetrating abdominal trauma occurs following gunshot wounds, stabbing, and other similar injury. This is fortunately, a relatively uncommon occurrence in most pediatric centers and will not be discussed specifically here, although many principles of blunt trauma diagnosis are valid for evaluation of penetrating abdominal trauma. If there is any question that a wound has extended intraperitonelly, a sinogram with water-soluble contrast material allows quick, accurate diagnosis material allows quick, accurate diagnosis. The presence of large amounts of free intraperitoneal gas suggests penetrating injury to the colon or other gas-containing viscus and is generally considered an indication for surgery

 
 
 
 
261

Abdominal trauma  

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The potential for multiple intraperitoneal and retroperitoneal organ injuries often makes accurate clinical evaluation of abdominal trauma patients difficult. Additionally, patients may be unresponsive, have unreliable abdominal physical examinations, or have concurrent serious head and cervical spine injuries which delay diagnosis of and attention to abdominal problems. In these situations radiologic abdominal imaging is often requested. To expedite patient evaluation, close cooperation between the emergency physician and the radiologist is essential. It is the clinical stability of the traumatized patient that dictates the extent of radiologic imaging. Life-threatening hypotension, positive peritoneal signs, or clear evidence of penetrating abdominal injury are indications for immediate surgery. Stable patients with signs suggesting intra-abdominal injury will benefit by further radiologic evaluation with appropriate imaging modalities. The selection of an appropriate modality in any one clinical situation depends upon many criteria including accessibility to diagnostic equipment, the sensitivity and specificity of each technique, and the expertise and preference of the attending radiologist. A suggested scheme for evaluating abdominal trauma patients is presented. Most aspects of this evaluation scheme will be discussed in depth

262

Evaluación del impacto de las técnicas de control del daño en el tratamiento de los pacientes con aneurisma roto de la aorta abdominal. Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, Colombia, enero de 2000 a octubre de 2007  

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Full Text Available La mortalidad quirúrgica atribuible al aneurisma de la aorta abdominal (AAA roto oscila entre 40 y 70% según los diversos informes de la literatura; la principal causa de ello es la falla orgánica múltiple (FOM, la que a su vez corresponde, en un porcentaje importante de casos, al complejo de hipertensión abdominal/síndrome del compartimento abdominal (HTA/SCA. A principios de la década de los años 90 aparecieron algunos artículos informando que los pacientes tratados con laparostomía, con o sin empaquetamiento, cursaban sin HTA/SCA, y presentaban tasas de supervivencia mejores que las de aquellos a quienes se les cerraba primariamente el abdomen, luego de la corrección de un AAA roto. Decidimos tratar a la mayoría de los pacientes con laparostomía y empaquetamiento abdominal, con el fin de disminuir la mortalidad previa global del servicio, la cual había sido del 81,8% en 44 pacientes (corregida de 79,3%. Se exceptúan 6 pacientes a quienes se les hizo cierre primario de la pared abdominal al momento de corregir su AAA roto. Se obtuvo una tasa global de mortalidad a 30 días del 55,9% y corregida del 45,5%. Con lo anterior se puede concluir que a los pacientes con AAA roto, dada su gravedad, se les deben ofrecer técnicas similares a las utilizadas en el control del daño en el trauma, como la laparostomía y el empaquetamiento abdominal con el fin de que tengan la mejor oportunidad de sobrevivir.

John Fernando García V.

2008-11-01

263

Endovascular treatment of a triple paraanastomotic aneurysm after aortobiiliac reconstruction Tratamento endovascular de triplo aneurisma para-anastomótico após derivação aorto-biilíaca  

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Full Text Available We report a case of a 72-year-old patient considered unfit for open surgery, presenting with paraanastomotic aneurysms of all three anastomoses, 13 years after an open aortobiiliac reconstruction for abdominal aortic aneurysm. This patient was successfully treated with an endovascular approach using a left aortouniiliac endograft and a right iliac tubular endograft, followed by crossover femorofemoral bypass. This report illustrates the usefulness of a minimally invasive approach for solving this complication of aortic open surgery and discusses technical issues related to endovascular devices in this particular setting.Relatamos um caso de um paciente de 72 anos não considerado elegível para cirurgia aberta, apresentando aneurismas para-anastomóticos das três anastomoses, 13 anos após uma reconstrução aberta aorto-biilíaca para aneurisma aórtico abdominal. Este paciente foi tratado com sucesso através de abordagem endovascular usando uma endoprótese aorto-uniilíaca esquerda e uma endoprótese tubular ilíaca direita, seguida por derivação cruzada fêmoro-femoral. Este relato ilustra a utilidade de uma abordagem minimamente invasiva para o tratamento desta complicação da cirurgia aórtica aberta e discute questões técnicas relacionadas a dispositivos endovasculares neste contexto em especial.

Alexandre Campos Moraes Amato

2008-09-01

264

De novo periaortic fibrosis after endovascular aortic repair.  

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We report a case of a 63-year-old man presenting with abdominal pain and hydronephrosis secondary to periaortic fibrosis (PAF) 8 months after an endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) using a woven polyester bifurcated graft. De novo delayed PAF after open repair is rare and even more infrequent after EVAR. All 3 previously reported cases occurred after woven polyester grafts and no reported cases after polytetrafluorethylene grafts. Management included steroidal anti-inflammatory treatment and bilateral double J tube placement. Satisfactory results were obtained. PMID:24275428

Alomran, Faris; de Blic, Romain; Mallios, Alexandros; Costanzo, Alessandro; Boura, Benoit; Combes, Myriam

2014-02-01

265

Endotension: rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm / Endotensão: ruptura de aneurisma de aorta abdominal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A técnica de exclusão endovascular conhecida como 'chaminé' consiste na colocação de stent em ramos viscerais e de endoprótese excluindo o aneurisma toracoabdominal. São colocados stents revestidos nas artérias renais e uma endoprótese aórtica, que o método utilizado quando a cirurgia aberta tem ris [...] co muito alto. O mecanismo que causa a expansão aneurismática sem a presença detectável de vazamento pelos métodos de imagem não está completamente esclarecido. A expansão do saco aneurismático por endotensão é de difícil diagnóstico, mesmo com o uso de técnicas de imagem avançadas, como tomografia computadorizada e eco-Doppler, sendo o diagnóstico por exclusão. Apresenta-se um caso de complicação tardia após o tratamento endovascular pela técnica da 'chaminé'. Após a cirurgia, o paciente apresentou ruptura sem endoleak visível. Outro procedimento endovascular foi impossibilitado pela técnica da 'chaminé', que dificulta novos procedimentos e há alto risco de oclusão dos ramos. Endotensão é causa de ruptura e óbito. Abstract in english Aortic endovascular exclusion technique called 'chimney' consists of placing stents through abdominal aortic visceral branches and a prosthesis that excludes the thoraco-abdominal aneurysm. Stents and an aortic endoprosthesis are placed in the renal arteries. This method is primarily used when open [...] surgery is too risky. The mechanism that provides aneurysm sac increase without the visible presence of endoleaks has not been fully elucidated. The expansion of the aneurysm sac, due to endotension, is difficult to diagnose, even with the use of advanced imaging tests. Its diagnosis is made by exclusion. We present a case of a late complication in a high-risk patient after a 'chimney' endovascular procedure. Following the surgery, the patient presented a ruptured aneurysm sac without a visible endoleak. A second intervention was not feasible due to the high risk of occluding all of the branches, and complicated by previous 'chimney'. Endotension is a possible cause of aneurysm rupture and death.

Alexandre Campos Moraes, Amato; Flávio Amim, Abraham; Henrique Dini, Kraide; Leandro Teixeira, Rocha; Ricardo Virginio dos, Santos.

2012-06-01

266

Endotension: rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm Endotensão: ruptura de aneurisma de aorta abdominal  

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Full Text Available Aortic endovascular exclusion technique called 'chimney' consists of placing stents through abdominal aortic visceral branches and a prosthesis that excludes the thoraco-abdominal aneurysm. Stents and an aortic endoprosthesis are placed in the renal arteries. This method is primarily used when open surgery is too risky. The mechanism that provides aneurysm sac increase without the visible presence of endoleaks has not been fully elucidated. The expansion of the aneurysm sac, due to endotension, is difficult to diagnose, even with the use of advanced imaging tests. Its diagnosis is made by exclusion. We present a case of a late complication in a high-risk patient after a 'chimney' endovascular procedure. Following the surgery, the patient presented a ruptured aneurysm sac without a visible endoleak. A second intervention was not feasible due to the high risk of occluding all of the branches, and complicated by previous 'chimney'. Endotension is a possible cause of aneurysm rupture and death.A técnica de exclusão endovascular conhecida como 'chaminé' consiste na colocação de stent em ramos viscerais e de endoprótese excluindo o aneurisma toracoabdominal. São colocados stents revestidos nas artérias renais e uma endoprótese aórtica, que o método utilizado quando a cirurgia aberta tem risco muito alto. O mecanismo que causa a expansão aneurismática sem a presença detectável de vazamento pelos métodos de imagem não está completamente esclarecido. A expansão do saco aneurismático por endotensão é de difícil diagnóstico, mesmo com o uso de técnicas de imagem avançadas, como tomografia computadorizada e eco-Doppler, sendo o diagnóstico por exclusão. Apresenta-se um caso de complicação tardia após o tratamento endovascular pela técnica da 'chaminé'. Após a cirurgia, o paciente apresentou ruptura sem endoleak visível. Outro procedimento endovascular foi impossibilitado pela técnica da 'chaminé', que dificulta novos procedimentos e há alto risco de oclusão dos ramos. Endotensão é causa de ruptura e óbito.

Alexandre Campos Moraes Amato

2012-06-01

267

Anesthesia Approach in Endovascular Aortic Reconstruction  

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Full Text Available Introduction: We have analyzed our initial results of our anesthesia techniques in our new-onset endovascular aortic reconstruction cases.Patients and Methods: The perioperative data of 15 elective and emergent endovascular aortic reconstruction cases that were operated in 2010-2011 were collected in a database. The choice of anesthesia was made by the risk factors, surgical team’s preferences, type and location of the aortic pathology and by the predicted operation duration. The data of local and general anesthesia cases were compared.Results: Thirteen (86.7% cases were male and 2 (13.3% female. Eleven patients were in ASA Class III. The demographic parameters, ASA classifications, concurrent diseases were similar in both groups. Thirteen (86.7% cases had infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm and 2 (13.3% had Type III aortic dissection. The diastolic arterial pressures were lower in general anesthesia group in 20th and 40th minutes’ measurements just like the mean arterial pressure measurements at the 40th, 100th minutes and during the deployment of the graft. Postoperative mortality occurred in 3 (20.0% patients and they all had general anesthesia and they were operated on emergency basis. Postoperative morbidity occurred in four patients that had general anesthesia (acute renal failure, multi-organ failure and pneumonia. The other patient had atrial fibrillation on the 1st postoperative day and was converted to sinus rhythm with amiodarone infusion.Conclusion: Edovascular aortic reconstruction procedures can safely be performed with both general and local anesthesia less invasively compared to open surgery. General anesthesia may be preferred for the better hemodynamic control.

Ay?in Alagöl

2013-03-01

268

[Experiences and results with the Endologix-bifurcated endovascular graft].  

Science.gov (United States)

Since the first endograft implantation for treatment of abdominal aneurysms the development of modern stentgrafts has progressed in many ways. In 1999 we started implantations using the PowerLink aortic stent graft by Endologix-company. The PowerLink aortic stent graft is a bifurcated, self-expanding, sutureless endovascular graft, covered with PTFE. This aortic stent graft facilitates the complete covering of the infrarenal aorta and the iliac arteries. The anatomical localization at the natural aortic bifurcation provides anti-gravitational supporting force, preventing distal migration of the device. From 1999 to 2005 we implanted 297 PowerLink aortic stent grafts. Our follow-up examinations showed a low rate of renal infarctions (3.0 %), a limb occlusion rate of 2.7 % and a total endoleakage rate of 16.8 %. Our conclusion is, that this is a very safe device for repair of abdominal aneurysms, associated with a low-risk of complications. PMID:17610192

Hetzel, G; Raithel, D

2007-06-01

269

Single center experience in endovascular aortic repair: review of technical and clinical aspects  

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Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study is sharing of our endovascular aortic repair experiments in patients with high risk for surgery and contributing to literature with comparing previous report according to mortality complicationsand additional operations. Methods:Patients with endovascular aortic repair application were evaluated retrospectively. Perioperative one month mortality, additional applications during procedure, occurred complications, endoleak types, approaching anesthetical technique, diagnosis of disease, comorbid factors and demographical data registered. Results were compared with data in the literature Results: Abdominal endovascular aortic repair (EVAR applicated into 19 patients. Thoracic endovascular aor tic repair (TEVAR applicated into 11 patients. EVAR patients were operated with diagnosis of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Nine of these patients were emergely operated due to rupture. TEVAR applicated 8 patients were operated due to Type 3 Aortic Dissection and 1 patient was operated due to transsection. One month mortality of all patients were found as 10% (three atients. Endoleaks were occurred 6 patients: Three of them were Type 1a, two of them were Type1b and one of them was Type2. Balloon angioplasty applicated in two patients due to Type 1a endoleak and, in one patient due to Type 1b endoleak. Chronic renal failure was developed in one patient (3.3% due to contrast nephropathy. Reexploration was applicated in two patients (6.7% due to hematoma. Conclusion: Endovascular techniques are become frequently preferred treatment modality with the developing technology. We believed that endovascular approaches are safely preferable alternative in patients with high surgical risk as our series.

Sinan Demirta?

2014-09-01

270

Endovascular strategies for infrarenal aneurysms with short necks.  

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The aim of this paper was to review the current options for endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) with short infrarenal neck. Studies reporting endovascular treatment of AAAs with short proximal neck were reviewed. Fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (F-EVAR) is most frequently reported for the treatment of patients with short neck AAA, with high technical success rates (? 99%), low operative mortality (? 3.5%) and excellent mid- and long-term results in terms of target vessel patency (? 97%). Chimney-EVAR (Ch-EVAR) is far less reported, but also presents with high technical success rates (>97%), varying operative mortality rates (0-12.5%), and excellent short- and mid-term target vessel patency (? 96%). Ch-EVAR, however, seems to be associated with high postoperative stroke up to 6.3%, and increased proximal type I endoleak (5-31%). Standard EVAR performed outside manufacturers' instructions for use (IFU) is also documented in the treatment of short proximal neck AAA, but is associated with increased operative mortality and morbidity, type I endoleak, and migration, compared to standard EVAR in AAA with longer proximal neck length. F-EVAR currently represents the most validated and reliable endovascular option for the treatment of short-neck AAA. Ch-EVAR is feasible, but lacks long-term data. Its use seems only favored in acute high surgical risk patients, in elective cases complicated with unintentional renal artery coverage or in anatomies unsuitable for F-EVAR. Standard EVAR in short neck AAA is associated with poorer outcomes and should not be recommended as first choice. PMID:23443586

Katsargyris, A; Verhoeven, E L G

2013-02-01

271

Aneurisma de la aorta abdominal: controversias y tendencias en su diagnóstico y manejo / Abdominal aortic aneurysms: Trends and controversies in management  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los aneurismas de aorta abdominal son una alteración frecuente en poblaciones con edad mayor de 65 años. Si se tiene en cuenta que la mayoría de los casos son asintomáticos, esta condición debería ser tamizada en todo paciente con factores de riesgo. Su tratamiento se fundamenta en el riesgo de rupt [...] ura y la mortalidad asociada. El abordaje quirúrgico está indicado siempre que el paciente presente síntomas o complicaciones asociadas (embolia distal, efecto compresivo en estructuras adyacentes) o cuando el diámetro del aneurisma supere los 5,5 cm. Las opciones de manejo consisten en un abordaje convencional (vía abierta) o en un abordaje intravascular. La decisión debe basarse en un proceso individualizado en el que se consideren las enfermedades concomitantes, las preferencias del paciente y la experiencia del equipo médico. Con este objetivo, se revisará el conocimiento actual respecto al manejo de aneurismas menores de 5,5 cm de diámetro, y las nuevas tendencias en cuanto a terapias farmacológicas y a modificaciones del estilo de vida, que han probado ser protectoras. El artículo incluye una revisión de la literatura y la presentación de un caso clínico. Abstract in english The prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) increases with age, especially after 65 years. Screening for this pathology should be performed in every patient with known risk factors, considering that most cases are asymptomatic. Surgical treatment is the mainstay therapy, based upon the risk o [...] f rupture and the associated high mortality rates. Surgical repair is indicated as long as the patient presents with symptoms or complications derived from the AAA (distal embolization, compressive effect on adjacent structures) or when aneurysm diameter is greater than 5.5cm. Surgical options are conventional open aneurysm repair or endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Treatment decisions should be individually considered according to comorbidities, experience of the medical team and the patient’s preferences. Current recommendations regarding small aneurysms (

Jairo, Ramírez; Marcos E, Pozo.

2010-12-01

272

Desafios endovasculares aórticos: cirurgia de recurso em patologia aórtica / Challenging aortic procedures: bailout techniques  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A técnica endovascular é uma reconhecida alternativa à cirurgia convencional, no tratamento da patologia aneurismática aorto-ilíaca. Alguns casos, no entanto, pelas suas especifi cidades anatómicas e/ou clínicas, constituem desafi os técnicos que requerem soluções complexas no seu tratamento. Os aut [...] ores apresentam 3 casos clínicos, tratados na sua Instituição entre Janeiro de 2008 e Dezembro de 2011, onde foram encontradas soluções pouco usuais no tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta torácica e da aorta abdominal. Foram utilizadas alternativas como a técnica de Chimney e de Funnel. Não ocorreu mortalidade relacionada com a doença aneurismática em nenhum dos casos. Os casos clínicos apresentados demonstram a exequibilidade das técnicas assim como os detalhes técnicos inerentes a cada caso. Abstract in english The endovascular technique is now an alternative to conventional surgery in the treatment of aortoiliac aneurysms, especially for patients at high surgical risk. In some cases, however, due to their anatomical and/or clinical features, none of the conventional options are suitable, requiring complex [...] solutions. The authors present 3 cases reports, treated at their institution between January 2008 and December 2011, in which were used unusual solutions for the endovascular treatment of the thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms. The alternative techniques used were the Chimney and the Funnel. There was no aneurysm related mortality. This article set forth the techniques details and feasibility.

Gonçalo R., Alves; Leonor, Vasconcelos; Hugo, Rodrigues; Nelson, Oliveira; Frederico, Gonçalves; Mª Emília, Ferreira; João A., Castro; L. Mota, Capitão.

2013-12-01

273

A Case of Simultaneous Endovascular Aneurysmal Repair (EVAR) and Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG)  

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A male patient with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and coronary artery disease was referred to our hospital. Coronary angiography showed multiple coronary lesions including the left main trunk. Computed tomography revealed a large AAA measuring 78 mm. To prevent aneurysmal rupture after coronary artery bypass grafting or cardiac complications after AAA repair, we performed simultaneous endovascular aneurysmal repair and coronary artery bypass grafting. The postoperative course was uneventful...

Kawarai, Shun-ichi; Yaginuma, Gen-ya; Abe, Kazuo

2012-01-01

274

Clinical Outcome and Morphologic Analysis after Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Using the Excluder Endograft  

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OBJECTIVE: Long-term follow-up after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is very scarce, and doubt remains regarding the durability of these procedures. We designed a retrospective cohort study to assess long-term clinical outcome and morphologic changes in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) treated by EVAR using the Excluder endoprosthesis (W. L. Gore and Associates, Flagstaff, Ariz). METHODS: From 2000 to 2007, 179 patients underwent EVAR in a tertiary institution. Clinical...

Gonc?alves, Fb; Jairam, A.; Vou?te, M.; Moelker, A.; Rouwet, E.; Raa, S.; Hendriks, J.; Verhagen, H.

2012-01-01

275

Aortoesophageal Fistula after Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair of a Mycotic Thoracic Aneurysm  

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Mycotic aneurysms constitute a small proportion of aortic aneurysms. Endovascular repair of mycotic aneurysms has been applied with good short-term and midterm results. However, the uncommon aortoenteric fistula formation remains a potentially fatal complication when repairing such infective aneurysms. We present the case of an 80-year-old woman with thoracic and abdominal aortic mycotic aneurysms, which were successfully treated with endografting. However, the patient presented 3 months late...

Gavens, Elizabeth; Zaidi, Zehra; Al-jundi, Wissam; Kumar, Palepu

2011-01-01

276

Clinical study on endovascular graft exclusion as a treatment of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the clinical outcome and safeness of endovascular graft exclusion as a treatment of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm. Methods: From May 2000 to October 2004, 7 patients with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm, including 4 cases of Debakey III thoracic aortic dissection, 1 of false thoracic aortic aneurysm and 2 of abdominal aortic aneurysm, were treated by endovascular graft exclusion. Immediate post-interventional aortography was performed and color Doppler ultrosonography and contrast enhanced CT scan were done during the follow-up study. Results: All 7 procedures, in which 10 stent-grafts were placed, were technically and clinically successful. During the 2-28 month follow-up, the serial follow-up imaging demonstrated that the locations and shapes of the stent-graft were stable in all patients; the entry tears were occluded; and the true lumens of thoracic and abdominal aorta were enlarged; thrombosis in the false lumens was exhibited as well. Follow-up CT revealed the sizes of the false aneurysm decreased and thrombi formation within the lumen in 1 case of thoracic aortic false aneurysm. In 2 cases of abdominal aortic aneurysm below renal artery, the aneurysm was decreased in size after the intervention. Slight endoleakage occurred in 2 cases, which automatically ceased in 2 to 6 months after the procedure. In 1 case of arterial, the extra dissection of' iliac artery was eventually corrected by PTA and Wallstent placement. Conclusion: Endovasc Wallstent placement. Conclusion: Endovascular graft exclusion is an effective and safe treatment of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm. (authors)

277

Há espaço para o tratamento endovascular nas dissecções crônicas da aorta descendente? Is the endovascular procedure an option for treatment of cronic type B aortic dissections?  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Questões relativas a quais pacientes/doenças que efetivamente deveriam ser submetidos ao tratamento endovascular ainda geram controvérsias. O objetivo deste trabalho visa a questionar o tratamento endovascular nas dissecções crônicas tipo B de Stanford. MÉTODOS: No período de 2003 a 2006, 11 pacientes portadores de dissecção crônica da aorta tipo B de Stanford com dilatação somente no tórax (diâmetro > 5,5cm, foram submetidos à colocação de prótese endovascular autoexpansível pela artéria femoral. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à angiotomografia de controle com 6 meses, 1 ano e após, anualmente, com o intuito de avaliar a presença de fluxo na falsa luz e estudar a evolução dos diâmetros da aorta torácica descendente e abdominal no decorrer do tempo. Para esta análise foram utilizados os testes Anova de duas vias para medidas repetidas e o qui-quadrado com o programa SPSS 13. RESULTADOS: Não houve mortalidade hospitalar. Nenhum paciente apresentou endoleak imediatamente após a operação. Durante o período de seguimento médio de 28 meses/paciente, não houve óbitos, um paciente foi submetido à substituição da aorta tóraco-abdominal e dois aguardam esta mesma intervenção. A endoprótese interrompeu o fluxo na falsa luz no tórax em 72,7% dos pacientes e, no abdome, somente em 18,2%, porém isto não implicou na redução dos diâmetros da aorta torácica nem abdominal. CONCLUSÃO: O tratamento endovascular nas dissecções crônicas tipo B de Stanford parece não ser suficiente para tratar esses pacientes no curto/médio prazo, apesar do tamanho reduzido da amostra estudada.OBJECTIVE: Questions regarding the specific patient/disease that should be submitted to the endovascular procedure still remain unclear. The purpose of this report is to evaluate the endovascular treatment in chronic type B aortic dissections. METHODS: Between 2003 and 2006, 11 patients with chronic type B aortic dissection were submitted to endovascular procedure through femoral artery. All of them were monitored with CT within 6 months, 1 year and afterwars anually. We prospectively evaluated false lumen patency and thoracic and abdominal aortic diameters in each time point. The data comparisons were made using Anova and chi-square tests with SPSS 13. RESULTS: The endovascular stent-graft deployment was technically successful for all patients, with no hospital mortality. During the follow-up period the false lumen flows remained persistent in the thorax in 27.3% of the patients and in the abdomen in 81.8%. However, in all patients, in both segments, the aorta diameter was not significantly changed in size and shape. CONCLUSION: Despite the small number of studied patients, the endovascular procedure for chronic type B aortic dissections does not appear to be an option for the treatment of these patients.

Ricardo Ribeiro Dias

2007-12-01

278

Doxycycline inhibition of proteases and inflammation in abdominal aortic aneurysms  

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The aim of this thesis is to evaluate the effect of doxycycline on the proteolytic and inflammatory processes in abdominal aneurysms. This data is essential for the development of pharmaceutical strategies for the stabilization of an AAA. Such an approach could reduce the need for elective surgery and endovascular repair. It has repeatedly been shown that AAA progression and rupture is related to the failure of collagen in the aortic wall. Yet the exact mechanism underlying this failure re...

Khawaja, Hazem Al-

2011-01-01

279

Endovascular Treatment of a Carotid Dissecting Pseudoaneurysm in a Patient with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Type IV with Fatal Outcome  

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We present a patient with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV (EDS IV) with a carotid dissecting pseudoaneurysm causing severe carotid stenosis. This lesion was treated endovascularly. Unfortunately, the patient died of remote vascular catastrophes (intracranial hemorrhage and abdominal aortic rupture). This unique case illustrates the perils of endovascular treatment of EDS IV patients and the need for preoperative screening for concomitant lesions. It also shows that a dissecting pseudoaneurysm can feasibly be treated with a covered stent and that closure is effective using Angioseal in patients with EDS IV

280

Abdominal emergencies  

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Full text: There are numerous conditions that affect mainly or exclusively the pediatric population. These constitute true emergencies, related to patient's health. Delay in diagnosis and treatment of abdominal non-traumatic emergencies may result in rapid deterioration, peritonitis, sepsis, even death or in severe complications with subsequent morbidity. Abdominal emergencies in children mostly present with pain, tenderness, occasionally coupled by vomiting, fever, abdominal distension, and failure to pass meconium or stools. Diarrhea, blood per rectum, abnormal laboratory tests and lethargy may also be manifestations of acute abdominal conditions. Abdominal emergencies have a different aetiology, depending on age and whether the pain is acute or chronic. Symptoms have to be matched with age and gender. Newborns up to 1 months of age may have congenital diseases: atresia, low obstruction including Hirschsprung's disease, meconium ileus. Meconium plug is one of the commonest cause of low obstruction in newborns that may also develop necrotizing enterocolitis, incarcerated inguinal hernia and mid-gut volvulus. Past the immediate postnatal period, any duodenal obstruction should be considered midgut volvulus until proven otherwise and patients should undergo ultrasonography and/or properly performed upper GI contrast study that records the exact position of the deduno-jejunal junction. Infants 6 months-2 years carry the risk of intussusception, mid-gut volvulus, perforaintussusception, mid-gut volvulus, perforation, acute pyelonephritis. Preschool and school-aged children 2-12 years carry the risk of appendicitis, genito-urinary abnormalities including torsion, urachal abnormalities, haemolytic uremic syndrome and Henoch-Schonlein purpura. Children above 12 years suffer from the same conditions as in adults. Most conditions may affect any age despite age predilection. Abdominal solid organ ultrasonography (US) coupled with gastrointestinal ultrasonography is the principle imaging modality in radiosensitive children and young individuals with abdominal pain. Sensitivity and specificity for US in diagnosing intussusception, midgut volvulus, urinary tract abnormalities and appendicitis is over 90%. US, occasionally with x-rays, usually suffice for an accurate diagnosis. Upper GI contrast studies are indicated in suspected malrotation, volvulus and atypical high obstruction cases. Lower GI contrast studies are indicated in low/colonic obstruction. CT and/or MRI should be reserved for atypical, complex cases when US and conventional radiography are equivocal or inconclusive. The radiologist should engage oneself to act immediately, consider and actively exclude those diagnoses that could be a threat to the child's health or life. The appropriate modality should be chosen and proper technique should be applied. Radiologists should function as clinicians, take initiative and discuss options and alternative diagnoses. Lack of experience should not delay performance of tests. Our job is finished when a diagnostic test has a written report provided that we make sure the child is managed properly.

 
 
 
 
281

Hybrid procedure in a patient with symptomatic thoraco-abdominal aneurysm and prior abdominal aortic reconstruction – case report  

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Open repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm is connected with high mortality and morbidity. On the other hand, endovascular treatment of thoraco-abdominal aneurysms, which started 10 years ago, reduced perioperative mortality and morbidity. However, it results in a high level of late complications. It seems that an interesting solution to the problem is a hybrid procedure, which allows late complications to be reduced with acceptable levels of operative mortality and morbidity. This case ...

Synowiec, Tomasz; Che?cin?ski, Pawe?; Samolewski, Przemys?aw; Zielin?ski, Wojciech; Konik-pin?ski, Daniel; Kuczmarska, Angelika

2012-01-01

282

Endovascular treatment of ruptured splenic artery aneurysm  

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Splenic artery aneurysms (SAA) are traditionally treated surgically, but endovascular techniques are becoming increasingly popular. A 64 year-old male with chest pain and low blood pressure was admitted under suspicion of AMI. A CT scan showed a 56 mm SAA with signs of rupture. The patient was treated with endovascular embolisation of the SAA with coils. Blood pressure and haemoglobin levels were stabilized and the patient was discharged. In the case of rupture the treatment of choice seems to be endovascular.

Bjerring, Ole Steen

2008-01-01

283

Fístula aortocava como complicación de aneurisma aórtico abdominal / Aortocaval fistula as a complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La fístula aortocava (FAC) es una complicación infrecuente del aneurisma aórtico abdominal (AAA). El diagnóstico se sospecha por la detección de un soplo continuo en el hemiabdomen inferior, asociado a masa abdominal pulsátil y signos variables de congestión venosa e insuficiencia cardíaca. La tomog [...] rafía computada multicorte (TCM) permite confirmar el diagnóstico, evidenciando contraste de la vena cava inferior en fase arterial e identificando la zona anatómica de la comunicación arteriovenosa, en algunos casos. La reparación quirúrgica suele ser compleja, reportándose una alta morbi-mortalidad asociada. El uso de técnicas endovasculares pareciera mejorar el pronóstico de esta entidad. Reportamos un caso de FAC tratado mediante cirugía abierta. Se incluye una revisión de la literatura respecto a esta rara condición. Abstract in english Aortocaval fistula (ACF) is an infrequent complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Diagnosis is suspected by the presence of a continuous abdominal bruit and pulsatile abdominal mass, with variable signs of venous congestion and acute heart failure. Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) is u [...] seful in establishing the diagnosis, showing early enhancement of inferior vena cava and, in some cases, identifying the arteriovenous comunication. Surgical treatment is usually complex, with high morbidity and mortality rates. Endovascular treatment seems to be a promising alternative for the management of these patients. We report a case of ACF treated with open surgery and a literature review of this rare condition.

Carlo, Zúñiga G; José Ramón, Rodríguez A; Patricio, Cáceres G.

2011-12-01

284

Endovascular management of peripheral vascular injuries  

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Over the past several decades, catheter-based and endovascular techniques have been used with increasing frequency for the management of trauma. Currently, however, there is sparse literature on the management of vascular trauma with endovascular techniques. The endovascular management of vascular trauma seems particularly appealing in the management of blunt truncal injuries, especially in the setting of severe concomitant brain and lung injury. Extremity and neck injuries are probably best handled by traditional methods of surgical proximal and distal control. This paper aims to review current literature with regard to the endovascular management of traumatic vascular injuries, focusing on the regions of neck and extremity. (authors)

285

Endovascular Treatment of Thoracic Dissection  

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Type A aortic dissection remains fatal if untreated. Although classical medical therapy for type B dissection is considered the therapy of choice in uncomplicated cases, the paradigm is changing as greater experience is accrued with endovascular treatments and technical advances improve the long-term outlook. Diagnosis is also becoming more sophisticated, allowing greater appreciation of the anatomy of dissections and improving the knowledge base as their natural history is assessed.

Rousseau, H.; Cosin, O.; Marcheix, B.; Chabbert, V.; Midulla, M.; Dambrin, C.; Cron, C.; Leobon, B.; Conil, C.; Massabuau, P.; Otal, P.; Joffre, F.

2007-01-01

286

Complications after Endovascular Aneurysm Repair  

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Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has become an established technique for the treatment of many infrarenal aortic aneurysms. Although EVAR is obviously less invasive than open surgical repair, it is not free of complications. These can potentially result in severe morbidity or even mortality, stressing the need for an early detection and subsequent treatment. In this review article, the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of the most common complications of EVAR, with the exception of...

Maleux, Geert; Koolen, Marcel; Heye, Sam

2009-01-01

287

Endovascular management of cerebral vasospasm.  

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Cerebral vasospasm is a cause of significant morbidity and mortality in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Most cases of vasospasm can be managed medically. Medical strategies for treatment include hemodynamic augmentation to improve cerebral perfusion pressure and medical therapy to prevent or reduce cerebral vasospasm. In patients with acute neurological deterioration, imaging assessment is essential to triage those patients appropriate for aggressive medical or endovascular therapy. Such imaging assessment can be performed with many radiologic techniques such as transcranial Doppler, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging, and single-photon emission CT (SPECT). Advanced CT applications like CT angiography and CT perfusion are gaining popularity and playing an increasingly important role in the decision making. Endovascular techniques for treatment of vasospasm include intra-arterial administration of vasodilators and intracranial angioplasty. This article discusses the use of these endovascular techniques in the management of vasospasm and provides a current review of literature. Sustained efficacy of intra-arterial vasodilators is less well established at this time, and repeated treatments may be necessary. Balloon angioplasty is an effective technique in treating vasospasm and results in durable clinical improvement. It should be used judiciously, however, given a small risk of vessel rupture associated with intracranial angioplasty. The goal of angioplasty should be improvement of vessel caliber to augment flow rather than to achieve a picture-perfect result. PMID:20380970

McGuinness, Ben; Gandhi, Dheeraj

2010-04-01

288

Cardiopatía congénita del adulto: tratamiento percutáneo de un caso complejo Adult congenital cardiopathy: percutaneous treatment of a complex case  

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La cardiopatía congénita del adulto, es una entidad clínica de difícil diagnóstico y tratamiento. Desde 1982, la terapia endovascular cambió su enfoque de manera radical (1) y en los últimos años el diseño de nuevos dispositivos y mejores catéteres de balón, facilitó la implementación de la terapéutica para mayor número de pacientes (2). Es el tratamiento de elección para entidades como estenosis valvular pulmonar (3), comunicación ínter-auricular (4) y ductus arterioso pers...

Alberto Suárez N; Andrés Carvajal; Sabas Bustillo; Lobo, Luis E.; Alberto Mayorga

2008-01-01

289

Current insights in intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome Current insights in intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome  

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Full Text Available A compartment syndrome exists when increased pressure in a closed anatomic space threatens the viability of the tissue within the compartment. When this occurs in the abdominal cavity it threatens not only the function of the intra-abdominal organs, but it can have a devastating effect on distant organs as well. Recent animal and human data suggest that the adverse effects of elevated intra-abdominal pressure (IAP can occur at lower levels than previously thought and even before the development of clinically overt abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS. The ACS is not a disease but truly a syndrome, a spectrum of symptoms and signs that can and mostly does have multiple causes. It is only recently that this condition received a heightened awareness. This article reflects the current state of knowledge on intra-abdominal pressure regarding etiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, IAP measurement, organ dysfunction, prevention and treatment.Existe síndrome compartimental cuando el aumento de presión en un espacio cerrado amenaza la viabilidad del tejido dentro del compartimento. Cuando esto ocurre en la cavidad abdominal, no sólo amenaza la función de los órganos intra-abominales, sino que también puede tener un efecto devastador en los órganos distantes. Datos de estudios recientes en animales y humanos sugieren que los efectos adversos de la presión elevada pueden ocurrir a niveles más bajos de lo que se había pensado y hasta antes de que el síndrome compartimental abdominal sea clínicamente evidente. El síndrome compartimental abdominal no es una enfermedad, sino que es un verdadero síndrome; es decir, consiste en un espectro de síntomas y signos que pueden tener múltiples causas. Hace poco tiempo que esta condición recibe atención y empieza a conocerse ampliamente. Este artículo revisa el estado actual del conocimiento de la hipertensión intra-abdominal en cuanto a su etiología, epidemiología, diagnóstico, medición de presión intra-abdominal, disfunción de órganos, prevención y tratamiento.

I.E. de Laet

2007-03-01

290

Current insights in intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome / Current insights in intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish Existe síndrome compartimental cuando el aumento de presión en un espacio cerrado amenaza la viabilidad del tejido dentro del compartimento. Cuando esto ocurre en la cavidad abdominal, no sólo amenaza la función de los órganos intra-abominales, sino que también puede tener un efecto devastador en lo [...] s órganos distantes. Datos de estudios recientes en animales y humanos sugieren que los efectos adversos de la presión elevada pueden ocurrir a niveles más bajos de lo que se había pensado y hasta antes de que el síndrome compartimental abdominal sea clínicamente evidente. El síndrome compartimental abdominal no es una enfermedad, sino que es un verdadero síndrome; es decir, consiste en un espectro de síntomas y signos que pueden tener múltiples causas. Hace poco tiempo que esta condición recibe atención y empieza a conocerse ampliamente. Este artículo revisa el estado actual del conocimiento de la hipertensión intra-abdominal en cuanto a su etiología, epidemiología, diagnóstico, medición de presión intra-abdominal, disfunción de órganos, prevención y tratamiento. Abstract in english A compartment syndrome exists when increased pressure in a closed anatomic space threatens the viability of the tissue within the compartment. When this occurs in the abdominal cavity it threatens not only the function of the intra-abdominal organs, but it can have a devastating effect on distant or [...] gans as well. Recent animal and human data suggest that the adverse effects of elevated intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) can occur at lower levels than previously thought and even before the development of clinically overt abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS). The ACS is not a disease but truly a syndrome, a spectrum of symptoms and signs that can and mostly does have multiple causes. It is only recently that this condition received a heightened awareness. This article reflects the current state of knowledge on intra-abdominal pressure regarding etiology, epidemiology, diagnosis, IAP measurement, organ dysfunction, prevention and treatment.

I.E. de, Laet; M., Malbrain.

2007-03-01

291

Incidence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome after endovascular aortic repair  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

AIM: The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of the post-implantation syndrome/systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) after endovascular aortic repair. METHODS: All patients, undergoing elective primary endovascular repair of an asymptomatic infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm during 2007, were retrospectively evaluated for SIRS within the first 5 postoperative days. The only exclusion-criteria were missing data. SIRS was assessed using the criteria defined by the American College of Chest Physicians and Society of Critical Care Medicine Consensus Conference Committee. RESULTS: Sixty-six patients were included, 40 (60%) met the SIRS criteria within the first 5 postoperative days (95% of the 40 patients met the criteria within 3 days). We found no significant differences between the SIRS and the non-SIRS group in baseline characteristics or other data including volume of the contrast media used, type of groin access, adjunctive procedures and duration of surgery. In total, 11 (28%)patients in the SIRS group and 4 (15%) patients in the non-SIRS group underwent re-interventions. Median follow-up period was 26 (range 20-32) months. Thirty-day mortality did not differ in the groups (3% in the SIRS group vs. none in the non-SIRS group). CONCLUSION: The high incidence of SIRS after EVAR is unexpected considering the minimally invasive procedure. Further studies on the cause of this response and measures to attenuate the response seem appropriate.

De La Motte, L; Vogt, K

2011-01-01

292

Endovascular Stent-Graft Applications in Iatrogenic Vascular Injuries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To report the results of covered stent applications in iatrogenic vascular injuries. Methods: We report 17 patients (11 men, 6 women; age range 20-59 years, mean age 40 years) who underwent repair of differentiatrogenic vascular lesions by means of endovascular covered stents.The patient population consisted of 8 femoral arteriovenous fistulae, 4 common femoral artery pseudoaneurysms, 1 subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm, 1 abdominal aortic aneurysm, 1 iliac artery perforation, 2 porto-biliary fistulae that developed during TIPS procedure. Balloon-expandable stent-grafts were used in all patients except one. Control studies were performed with angiography. Results: Technical success was achieved in all 17 patients.The mean clinical follow-up period for all 17 patients was 8 months.There were no signs of stent migration or leaks in the control studies.Only one patient developed a hemodynamically insignificant stenosis at the proximal end of the stent. There have been no stent deformations or related complications during the follow-up period. Conclusion: Our short-term results suggest that endovascular treatment is a low-risk procedure and appears less invasive than surgery for the treatment of different types of iatrogenic vascular injuries. Intermediate and long-term results are not available

293

Endovascular pseudoaneurysm repair after distal pancreatectomy with celiac axis resection.  

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Erosive hemorrhage due to pseudoaneurysm is one of the most life-threatening complications after pancreatectomy. Here, we report an extremely rare case of rupture of a pseudoaneurysm of the common hepatic artery (CHA) stump that developed after distal pancreatectomy with en block celiac axis resection (DP-CAR), and was successfully treated through covered stent placement. The patient is a 66-year-old woman who underwent DP-CAR after adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced pancreatic body cancer. She developed an intra-abdominal abscess around the remnant pancreas head 31 d after the surgery, and computed tomography (CT) showed an occluded portal vein due to the spreading inflammation around the abscess. Her general condition improved after CT-guided drainage of the abscess. However, 19 d later, she presented with melena, and CT showed a pseudoaneurysm arising from the CHA stump. Because the CHA had been resected during the DP-CAR, this artery could not be used as the access route for endovascular treatment, and instead, we placed a covered stent via the inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery originating from the superior mesenteric artery. After stent placement, cessation of bleeding and anterograde hepatic artery flow were confirmed, and the patient recovered well without any further complications. CT angiography at the 6-mo follow-up indicated the patency of the covered stent with sustained hepatic artery flow. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of endovascular repair of a pseudoaneurysm that developed after DP-CAR. PMID:24363537

Sumiyoshi, Tatsuaki; Shima, Yasuo; Noda, Yoshihiro; Hosoki, Shingo; Hata, Yasuhiro; Okabayashi, Takehiro; Kozuki, Akihito; Nakamura, Toshio

2013-12-01

294

Surgical approach of endovascular exclusion for thoracic aortic dissection  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the surgical approach of endovascular exclusion for thoracic dissection. Methods: Thirty-seven cases of Stanford B type thoracic aortic dissection were undergone endovascular exclusion (EVE) and had been studied retrospectively. Preoperative evaluations for delivery arteries, including common femoral artery, iliac artery, and abdominal aorta, were carried out by using duplex ultrasonography (US), computed tomographic angiography (CTA) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Factors such as arterial calibers, stenosis, tortuosity, sclerotic plaque and media dissection were taken into account. Choices of surgical approach were decided after comprehensive consideration of these factors. If the common femoral artery inner diameter was wider than 8 mm, without severe iliac artery stenosis or tortuosity; the common femoral artery should be selected as the delivery artery. In case of severe arterial stenosis and tortuosities, then the common iliac arteries were exposed by retroperitoneal approach and graft was delivered through this artery. Results: Mural sclerotic plaques were more sensitive to be revealed by US, conversely with CTA and MRA in showing stenosis and tortuosity directly and clearly. Utilizing this preoperative evaluating system, all the grafts passed successfully and favourably through the arteries, without any delivery artery associated complications. Conclusions: Using US, CTA and MRA in combination was necessary for preoperative evaination was necessary for preoperative evaluation of the delivery artery. In those with poor femoral artery condition, exposing common iliac artery decidedly is necessary to ensure the procedure favorably and to avoid delivery artery associated complications

295

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

Science.gov (United States)

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Surgery Introduction Aorta Common Iliac Arteries Ballooning of the aorta, also known as an "abdominal aortic aneurysm," can lead to life threatening bleeding. Doctors may ...

296

Tratamiento percutaneo de aneurismas aorto-ilíacos / Percutaneous treatment of aorto-iliac aneurysm  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: La reparación endovascular de aneurismas abdominales e ilíacos requiere de la introducción de dispositivos de alto calibre (> 16 F) mediante denudación de arterias femorales. Mediante una variación técnica, el sistema de sutura arterial percutanea Prostar-XL® (Abbott, EEUU) permite el [...] acceso arterial percutaneo evitando la denudación. Objetivo: Analizar la experiencia inicial en el tratamiento percutaneo de aneurismas del territorio aorto-ilíaco. Material y Método: Revisión de las historias clínicas y base de datos de pacientes tratados con sutura arterial percutanea, entre octubre de 2003 y abril de 2008. Resultados: Tratamos 22 pacientes con esta técnica (20 hombres y 2 mujeres). Dieciséis portadores de aneurisma aórtico abdominal, 3 aneurismas ilíacos, 2 reparaciones de endofuga y un aneurisma hipogástrico. La edad promedio fue 72,6 años (rango 56-86). Se utilizó el sistema Prostar XL® para sutura percutanea en 37 arterias femorales. La anestesia más utilizada fue peridural en el 50% de los pacientes. En 7 casos (31,8%) se efectuó la operación exclusivamente con anestesia local. El diámetro de los dispositivos de endoprótesis fue de 16 a 23 F. Se obtuvo éxito técnico en 34 cierres (92%). Tres arterias requirieron reparación quirúrgica tradicional. No hubo mortalidad operatoria. Durante el seguimiento (promedio 12,6 meses, rango 1-53) no se registraron falsos aneurismas femorales ni infección. Discusión: El cierre percutaneo en la reparación endovascular de aneurismas aorto-ilíacos es un procedimiento mínimamente invasivo, seguro y efectivo, que permite eventualmente el uso de anestesia local. Abstract in english Introduction: Endovascular repair of aortic (AAA) and iliac artery aneurysms requires introduction and deployment of large bore devices (> 16 F) through surgical exposure of the femoral artery. The Prostar XL ® arterial suture system allows the introduction of such devices without the need for surgi [...] cal exposure. Aim: To report our initial experience with percutaneous arterial closure during aneurysm endografting. Methods: We reviewed records and datábase of patients treated with this technique between October2003 and April 2008. Results: We treated 22 patients with this technique (20 men and 2 women, average age 72 years). Sixteen had AAA, 3 iliac artery aneurysm, 1 hypogastric aneurysm and two for endoleak repair. The percutaneous closure device was used in 37 femoral arteries. In 7 patients (31,8%) the operation was completed entirely under local anaesthesia. The diameter of the devices ranged between 16 and 23 F. Technical success was obtained in 34 arteries (92%). Three arteries required surgical repair due to inadequate haemostasis (sheaths 18, 21, and 21 F). There was no operative mortality. During follow-up (mean 12,6 months, range 1-53) no false aneurysm or infection at the puncture site has been registered and the patients remain free of complications. Discussion: Percutaneous arterial closure in endovascular aneurysm repair is a safe, minimally invasive and effective procedure which allows resolving theses serious conditions in selected patients.

CARLO, ZÚÑIGA G; RENATO, MERTENS M; FRANCISCO, VALDÉS E; ALBRECHT, KRÄMER SCH; LEOPOLDO, MARINÉ M; MICHEL, BERGOEING R; JEANNETTE, VERGARA G; CLAUDIA, CARVAJAL N.

2008-10-01

297

Abdominal aortic aneurysm: Treatment options, image visualizations and follow-up procedures  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a common vascular disease that affects elderly population. Open surgical repair is regarded as the gold standard technique for treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm, however, endovascular aneurysm repair has rapidly expanded since its first introduction in 1990s. As a less invasive technique, endovascular aneurysm repair has been confirmed to be an effective alternative to open surgical repair, especially in patients with co-morbid conditions. Computed tomography (CT angiography is currently the preferred imaging modality for both preoperative planning and post-operative follow-up. 2D CT images are complemented by a number of 3D reconstructions which enhance the diagnostic applications of CT angiography in both planning and follow-up of endovascular repair. CT has the disadvantage of high cummulative radiation dose, of particular concern in younger patients, since patients require regular imaging follow-ups after endovascular repair, thus, exposing patients to repeated radiation exposure for life. There is a trend to change from CT to ultrasound surveillance of endovascular aneurysm repair. Medical image visualizations demonstrate excellent morphological assessment of aneurysm and stent-grafts, but fail to provide hemodynamic changes caused by the complex stent-graft device that is implanted into the aorta. This article reviews the treatment options of abdominal aortic aneurysm, various image visualization tools, and follow-up procedures with use of different modalities including both imaging and computational fluid dynamics methods. Future directions to improve treatment outcomes in the follow-up of endovascular aneurysm repair are outlined.

Zhong-Hua Sun

2012-03-01

298

A case of acute superior mesenteric artery embolism with severe ischemic liver injury successfully treated by endovascular treatment.  

Science.gov (United States)

We describe an interesting clinical course of a patient who developed severe ischemic liver injury due to acute embolism of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and celiac artery. A 70-year-old man was hospitalized for abdominal pain and diarrhea. Abdominal computed tomography demonstrated a variant common hepatic artery arising from the SMA and multiple thromboembolic occlusions of visceral arteries, including the SMA and celiac artery. Laboratory data showed markedly elevated hepatic enzymes, which increased after admission despite the initiation of systemic anticoagulant and thrombolytic therapy. The patient was successfully treated by endovascular recanalization of the SMA occlusion via transcatheter embolus aspiration, thrombolysis, balloon angioplasty, and stent placement. Severe ischemic liver injury may occur in the setting of synchronous embolism of the SMA and celiac artery, and these phenomena may have a critical impact on the choice of treatment strategies and prognosis. Endovascular treatment appears to an effective treatment option. PMID:24356725

Matsui, Yusuke; Mimura, Hidefumi; Fukazawa, Takuya; Morita, Ichiro; Suehiro, Mitsuhiko; Kawamoto, Hirofumi; Naomoto, Yoshio

2013-01-01

299

Functional Abdominal Pain in Children  

Science.gov (United States)

... of chronic abdominal pain, including recurrent abdominal pain, functional dyspepsia, and irritable bowel syndrome. Recurrent abdominal pain (RAP) ... abdominal pain, such as irritable bowel syndrome or functional dyspepsia. Treatment If a specific cause for abdominal pain ...

300

Evaluation of patient renal function following endovascular aneurysm repair with suprarenal fixation  

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Full Text Available This study aimed to assess the mid-term renal function of abdominal aortic aneurysm patients following suprarenal endovascular repair. From March 2005 to December 2009, 290 abdominal aortic aneurysm patients were included in the study and grouped according to whether they had received infrarenal or suprarenal endovascular aneurysm repair. Suprarenal endovascular aneurysm repair was performed in 173 patients, with a mean age of 72(±8 years (85.0% male. Infrarenal endovascular aneurysm repair was performed in 117 patients, with a mean age of 71(±9 years (90.6% male. Preoperative and one week, 1-, 3-, 6- and 12-month postoperative serum creatinine and cystatin C values were recorded. Estimated glomerular filtration rate was calculated by cystatin-based formula and Cr-based Cockcroft formula. The t-test was used to determine statistical differences between or within groups. All patients received Talent or Zenith endograft. Patients’ characteristics and operative files in the two groups were well matched. Preoperative serum creatinine and cystatin C were 82 (±8 mmol/L and 0.89 (±0.11 mg/L for suprarenal endovascular aneurysm repair, respectively, and 81 (±11 mmol/L and 0.87 (±0.15 mg/L, respectively, for infrarenal endovascular aneurysm repair; no differences were observed between the two groups. Compared to preoperative renal markers within each group, a deterioration in serum creatinine, cystatin C and estimated glomerular filtration rate values was found at one week and 12 months after surgery?P<0.05. A deterioration in cystatin C [SR:(0.93±0.17 mg/L, IR: (0.92±0.31 mg/L] and estimated glomerular filtration rate by cystatin C was also found at six months after surgery?P<0.05. However, no differences in patient serum creatinine, cystatin C and estimated glomerular filtration rate values were observed between groups at each follow-up time interval. There was no greater significant difference in the association of the use of suprarenal fixation with midterm postoperative renal injury than with infrarenal fixation.

BaiMeng Zhang

2011-04-01

 
 
 
 
301

Effects of electrocautery to provoke endovascular thermal injury / Efeitos do eletrocautério para provocar lesão térmica endovascular  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Investigar os efeitos de um modelo experimental de eletrocautério em provocar lesão venosa térmica endovascular. MÉTODOS: O eletrocautério endovascular foi colocado dentro de oito modelos experimentais de veia safena bovina. Cada uma foi dividida em oito segmentos e intensidades progressiv [...] as de energia elétrica liberada. Os efeitos macroscópicos e microscópicos foram analisados. RESULTADOS: Foram estudados quarenta segmentos de veia safena bovina. Quanto maior a energia elétrica aplicada pelo eletrocauterizador endovascular maiores foram as alteraçoes de picnose nuclear e mais intensa a retração citoplasmática observada. CONCLUSÃO: O eletrocautério endovascular experimental demonstrou ser capaz de induzir a destruição da camada íntima e provocar lesão térmica endovascular. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of a new electrocautery device to provoke endovascular venous thermal injury. METHODS: An experimental endovascular electrocautery was placed inside eight ex-vivo bovine saphenous veins models. Each one was divided in eight segments and progressive intensities of [...] electric energy liberated. The macroscopic and microscopic effects were analyzed. RESULTS: Forty bovine saphenous veins segments were studied. The higher the electric energy applied the greater the nuclear picnosis and more intense the cytoplasmatic shrinkage and electrocoagulation effects. CONCLUSION: The experimental endovascular electrocautery device demonstrated to be both capable of inducing the destruction of the intimal layers of the studied vein model and provoke endovascular thermal injury.

Fabio Henrique, Rossi; Nilo Mitsuru, Izukawa; Domingos Guerino, Silva; Juliana, Chen; Akash Kuzhiparambil, Prakasan; Mabel Moura Barros, Zamorano; Lílian Mary, Silva.

2011-10-01

302

Effects of electrocautery to provoke endovascular thermal injury Efeitos do eletrocautério para provocar lesão térmica endovascular  

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Full Text Available PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of a new electrocautery device to provoke endovascular venous thermal injury. METHODS: An experimental endovascular electrocautery was placed inside eight ex-vivo bovine saphenous veins models. Each one was divided in eight segments and progressive intensities of electric energy liberated. The macroscopic and microscopic effects were analyzed. RESULTS: Forty bovine saphenous veins segments were studied. The higher the electric energy applied the greater the nuclear picnosis and more intense the cytoplasmatic shrinkage and electrocoagulation effects. CONCLUSION: The experimental endovascular electrocautery device demonstrated to be both capable of inducing the destruction of the intimal layers of the studied vein model and provoke endovascular thermal injury.OBJETIVO: Investigar os efeitos de um modelo experimental de eletrocautério em provocar lesão venosa térmica endovascular. MÉTODOS: O eletrocautério endovascular foi colocado dentro de oito modelos experimentais de veia safena bovina. Cada uma foi dividida em oito segmentos e intensidades progressivas de energia elétrica liberada. Os efeitos macroscópicos e microscópicos foram analisados. RESULTADOS: Foram estudados quarenta segmentos de veia safena bovina. Quanto maior a energia elétrica aplicada pelo eletrocauterizador endovascular maiores foram as alteraçoes de picnose nuclear e mais intensa a retração citoplasmática observada. CONCLUSÃO: O eletrocautério endovascular experimental demonstrou ser capaz de induzir a destruição da camada íntima e provocar lesão térmica endovascular.

Fabio Henrique Rossi

2011-10-01

303

Pseudoaneurysm after abdominal myomectomy: A rare but catastrophic complication  

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Full Text Available Background: Uterine artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare diagnosis made postoperatively after pelvic surgery. The exact etiology is unknown however it is speculated to occur when an artery is lacerated and the perivascular tissue maintains persistent blood flow with the parent vessel. It can present with severe hemorrhage two to four weeks after an uncomplicated post operative course. Case: A 45 year old presented with vaginal hemorrhage and hypotension two weeks after abdominal myomectomy. Transvaginal ultrasound with doppler diagnosed pseudoaneurysm of the uterine artery. The patient was successfully treated with endovascular embolization utilizing micro coils. Conclusion: Transvaginal ultrasound is a useful technique in diagnosing pseudoaneurysms. Endovascular embolization is a minimally invasive, safe and effective way to treat this rare complication in institutions that have access to interventional radiology procedures.

May-Tal Sauerbrun-Cutler

2013-01-01

304

Endovascular interventional therapy for acute limb ischemia  

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Acute limb ischemia is an urgent and common clinical condition which occurs when the blood flow to a certain extremity is suddenly blocked b either embolic agent or thrombotic vascular lesion. Prompt restoration of perfusion through early intervention can significantly decrease the incidence of amputation and mortality. The main therapeutic methods include surgical operation and endovascular interventional technique. For recent years, considerable progress in treating acute limb ischemia with endovascular interventional technique has been achieved. This article aims to make a comprehensive review in respect of the endovascular intervention therapy for acute limb ischemia. (authors)

305

[Treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms].  

Science.gov (United States)

The treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) has changed significantly since the introduction of endovascular aortic repair (EVAR). In terms of perioperative morbidity and mortality, randomized multicenter trials revealed results in favour of EVAR compared to open reconstruction. However, EVAR is associated with possible late complications caused by endoleaks, stent migration, kinking and/or overstenting of side branches, making life-long follow-up necessary. Since the majority of patients requiring therapy are elderly and exhibit attendant comorbidities, EVAR has become the procedure of choice in those patients with favourable anatomy. Medicamentous and conservative treatment may be relevant in patients with small to medium-sized aneurysms. Since smoking is one of the major risk factors for the development of AAA, all patients should be advised to stop smoking. Studies on long-term statin therapy in patients following surgical AAA repair showed a reduction in both overall and cardiovascular mortality; AAA patients should therefore receive statins for secondary prevention. PMID:23591937

Debus, E S; Carpenter, S W; Tsilimparis, N; Larena-Avellaneda, A; Kölbel, T

2013-05-01

306

Endovascular Management of Gastric Varices.  

Science.gov (United States)

Bleeding from gastric varices is a major complication of portal hypertension. Although less common than bleeding associated with esophageal varices, gastric variceal bleeding has a higher mortality. From an endovascular perspective,transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) to decompress the portal circulation and/or balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) are utilized to address bleeding gastric varices. Until recently, there was a clear medical cultural divide between the strategy of decompressing the portal circulation (TIPS creation, for example) and transvenous obliteration for the management of gastric varices. However, the practice of BRTO is gaining acceptance in the United States and its practice is spreading rapidly. Recently, the American College of Radiology has identified BRTO to be a viable alternative to TIPS in particular anatomical and clinical scenarios. However, the anatomical and clinical applications of BRTO were not defined beyond the conservative approach of resorting to BRTO in non-TIPS candidates. The article discusses the outcomes of BRTO and TIPS for the management of gastric varices individually or in combination. Definitions, endovascular technical concepts and contemporary vascular classifications of gastric variceal systems are described in order to help grasp the complexity of the hemodynamic pathology and hopefully help define the pathology better for future reporting and lay the ground for more defined stratification of patients not only based on comorbidity and hepatic reserve but on anatomy and hemodynamic classifications. PMID:25438286

Saad, Wael E

2014-11-01

307

Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysm  

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Objective: To setup an endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysm with detachable balloon and micro-coil. Methods: Trans-femoral artery Seldinger's catheterization was used. Balloons and free MDS, GDC micro-coils were pushed into the aneurysm or carrying arteries. Results: No mortality occurred in authors' group. Internal carotid arteries (ICA) were occluded with detachable balloons in 5 aneurysms at sinus segment of ICA and 4 traumatic pseudo-aneurysms. No complications occurred. 9 aneurysms were completely occluded with micro-coils and 2 were partly (95%) occluded. 2 patients got mild paralysis due to vasospasm or mal detaching of MDS coils. Conclusions: Balloon occlusion of ICA for treatment of aneurysm at sinus segment is safe and effective in case of having abundant collateral circulation. Coil occlusion of intracranial aneurysm is a promising method of endovascular treatment. Compared with MDS, GDC coil is safer but expensive. Free coil is not very safe theoretically, but can be used with careful consideration as it is much cheaper

308

Videolaparoscopia en el trauma abdominal / Videolaparoscopy in abdominal trauma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: la videolaparoscopia realizada de urgencia es uno de los avances tecnológicos más importantes para el diagnóstico precoz y el tratamiento oportuno de las afecciones abdominales agudas que incluyen las de causa traumática. Objetivo: caracterizar a pacientes con trauma abdominal sometido [...] s a videolaparoscopia de urgencia, según variables seleccionadas, e identificar algunos aspectos concernientes a la aplicación de esta técnica en nuestro medio. Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de 18 pacientes ingresados por trauma abdominal en el servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Universitario "Saturnino Lora", de Santiago de Cuba, durante los años 2006-2007, a los que se les realizó videolaparoscopia de urgencia. Resultados: predominaron los hombres jóvenes y los traumas abiertos. La ecografía y la punción abdominales fueron los métodos diagnósticos más utilizados. En los dos tercios de la serie la videolaparoscopia fue negativa o diagnosticó violación peritoneal simple. El hígado fue la víscera más frecuentemente lesionada. Para el acceso videolaparoscópico se necesitaron dos puertos en la mayoría de la serie. Dos pacientes requirieron laparotomía convencional, para un índice de conversión de 11,1 %, por lo que se evitaron 16 laparotomías innecesarias. El tiempo quirúrgico y la estadía hospitalaria posoperatoria fueron menores en la cirugía videolaparoscópica que en la laparotomía convencional. Conclusiones: la videolaparoscopia realizada con urgencia puede considerarse una herramienta de probada utilidad para el diagnóstico y tratamiento de los pacientes con traumatismos abdominales, porque evita un número considerable de laparotomías innecesarias y permite un aceptable margen de seguridad en la medida en que el cirujano perfeccione y domine esta tecnología. Abstract in english Introduction: the video-laparoscopy carried out with emergency is one of the more important technological advances for an early diagnosis and the timely treatment of acute abdominal affections including those of traumatic cause. Objective: to characterize patients with abdominal trauma submitted to [...] videolaparoscopia of urgency according to the selected variables and to identify some features related to the implementation of this technique in our context. Methods: a descriptive and observational study was conducted in 18 patients admitted due to abdominal trauma in the service of general surgery of the "Saturnino Lora" University Hospital of Santiago de Cuba province from 2006 to 2007, who underwent emergency video-laparoscopy. Results: there was predominance of young men and of open traumata. The echography and the abdominal puncture were the more used diagnostic methods. In the two third of the series, the video-laparoscopy was negative or diagnosed a simple peritoneal violation. The liver was the more frequent injured viscus. For the videolaparoscopy access are necessary two ports in most of series. Two patients required conventional laparotomy for a conversion rate of 11.1 % avoinding 16 unnecessary laparotomies. The surgical time and the postoperative hospital stay were less in the videolaparoscopy surgery than in the conventional laparotomy. Conclusions: the videolaparoscopy carried out with emergency may be considered a tool of usefulness demonstrated for diagnosis and treatment of patients presenting with abdominal traumata because of it avoids many unnecessary laparotomies and allows an acceptable degree of certainty insofar as the surgeon improve and dominate this technology.

Justo, Escalona Cartaya; Zenén, Rodríguez Fernández; Modesto, Matos Tamayo.

2012-03-01

309

Aortic Branch Artery Pseudoaneurysms Associated with Intramural Hematoma: When and How to Do Endovascular Embolization  

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To describe when and how to perform endovascular embolization of aortic branch artery pseudoaneurysms associated with type A and type B intramural hematoma (IMH) involving the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta (DeBakey I and III) that increased significantly in size during follow-up. Sixty-one patients (39 men; mean ± standard deviation age 66.1 ± 11.2 years) with acute IMH undergoing at least two multidetector computed tomographic examinations during follow-up for 12 months or longer were enrolled. Overall, 48 patients (31 men, age 65.9 ± 11.5) had type A and type B IMH involving the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta (DeBakey I and III). Among the 48 patients, 26 (54 %; 17 men, aged 64.3 ± 11.4 years) had 71 aortic branch artery pseudoaneurysms. Overall, during a mean follow-up of 22.1 ± 9.5 months (range 12–42 months), 31 (44 %) pseudoaneurysms disappeared; 22 (31 %) decreased in size; two (3 %) remained stable; and 16 (22 %) increased in size. Among the 16 pseudoaneurysms with increasing size, five of these (three intercostal arteries, one combined intercostobronchial/intercostal arteries, one renal artery), present in five symptomatic patients, had a significant increase in size (thickness >10 mm; width and length >20 mm). These five patients underwent endovascular embolization with coils and/or Amplatzer Vascular Plug. In all patients, complete thrombosis and exclusion of aortic pseudoaneurysm and relief of back pain were achieved. Aortic brancck pain were achieved. Aortic branch artery pseudoaneurysms associated with type A and type B IMH involving the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta (DeBakey I and III) may be considered relatively benign lesions. However, a small number may grow in size or extend longitudinally with clinical symptoms during follow-up, and in these cases, endovascular embolization can be an effective and safe procedure.

310

Aortic Branch Artery Pseudoaneurysms Associated with Intramural Hematoma: When and How to Do Endovascular Embolization  

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To describe when and how to perform endovascular embolization of aortic branch artery pseudoaneurysms associated with type A and type B intramural hematoma (IMH) involving the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta (DeBakey I and III) that increased significantly in size during follow-up. Sixty-one patients (39 men; mean {+-} standard deviation age 66.1 {+-} 11.2 years) with acute IMH undergoing at least two multidetector computed tomographic examinations during follow-up for 12 months or longer were enrolled. Overall, 48 patients (31 men, age 65.9 {+-} 11.5) had type A and type B IMH involving the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta (DeBakey I and III). Among the 48 patients, 26 (54 %; 17 men, aged 64.3 {+-} 11.4 years) had 71 aortic branch artery pseudoaneurysms. Overall, during a mean follow-up of 22.1 {+-} 9.5 months (range 12-42 months), 31 (44 %) pseudoaneurysms disappeared; 22 (31 %) decreased in size; two (3 %) remained stable; and 16 (22 %) increased in size. Among the 16 pseudoaneurysms with increasing size, five of these (three intercostal arteries, one combined intercostobronchial/intercostal arteries, one renal artery), present in five symptomatic patients, had a significant increase in size (thickness >10 mm; width and length >20 mm). These five patients underwent endovascular embolization with coils and/or Amplatzer Vascular Plug. In all patients, complete thrombosis and exclusion of aortic pseudoaneurysm and relief of back pain were achieved. Aortic branch artery pseudoaneurysms associated with type A and type B IMH involving the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta (DeBakey I and III) may be considered relatively benign lesions. However, a small number may grow in size or extend longitudinally with clinical symptoms during follow-up, and in these cases, endovascular embolization can be an effective and safe procedure.

Ferro, Carlo; Rossi, Umberto G., E-mail: urossi76@hotmail.com; Seitun, Sara [IRCCS San Martino University Hospital, IST, National Institute for Cancer Research, Department of Radiology and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Scarano, Flavio; Passerone, Giancarlo [IRCCS San Martino University Hospital, IST, National Institute for Cancer Research, Department of Cardiac Surgery (Italy); Williams, David M. [University of Michigan Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (United States)

2013-04-15

311

Tratamento endovascular de fístula aortocaval pós-traumática tardia: relato de caso Endovascular treatment of late post-traumatic aorto-caval fistula: case report  

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Full Text Available As fístulas aortocavais são entidades raras e de etiologia variada. Uma minoria é consequente a eventos pós-traumáticos. As manifestações clínicas, nesses casos, podem ser agudas ou tardias. As tardias manifestam-se dias, semanas ou anos após o trauma, principalmente como quadro de insuficiência cardíaca congestiva. O tratamento de tais fístulas pode ser realizado através do reparo direto por cirurgia aberta ou através da abordagem endovascular. Relatamos o caso de um paciente do sexo masculino, de 53 anos que apresentou, 27 anos após um ferimento por arma branca abdominal, sinais importantes de insuficiência cardíaca congestiva, manifestada como palpitações e dispneia, fibrilação atrial paroxística, além de pressão arterial divergente e sopro em epigástrio. A angiotomografia confirmou o diagnóstico de fístula aortocaval e procedeu-se ao tratamento endovascular para o selamento da fístula. O paciente, segundo acompanhamento após três meses, apresentou evolução satisfatória, com melhora significante do quadro e controle adequado da insuficiência cardíaca congestiva.Aortocaval fistulas are rare entities with different etiologies. A minority of them are consequent to post-traumatic events. The clinic in these cases may be acute or delayed. The later manifest themselves days, weeks or years after the trauma mainly as congestive heart failure. Its treatment can be done by open surgery or endovascular approach. The present case it is a 53 year old man who presented, 27 years after a stab wound in the abdomen, important signs of congestive heart failure, manifested as palpitations and dyspnea, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, besides of dissenting blood pressure and bruit in the epigastrium. Angiotomography confirmed the diagnosis of aorto-caval fistula and proceeded to endovascular treatment for fistula repair. The patient, according with control after three months, showed a satisfactory outcome, with significant improvement of the condition and appropriate control of heart failure.

Leonardo Pessoa Cavalcante

2013-03-01

312

Rotura de aorta torácica descendente: Tratamiento endoprotésico Descending thoracic aortic rupture, endoprosthetic treatment  

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Full Text Available La rotura de la aorta, independientemente de su localización y etiología, es una afección extremadamente grave que conduce a la muerte rápidamente. En el momento actual no hay consenso sobre si el tratamiento endovascular de la rotura de la aorta torácica descendente es superior al tratamiento quirúrgico convencional a medio y largo plazo. En esta serie, de 13 casos, describimos nuestra experiencia y evaluamos los resultados en pacientes tratados de forma endoprotésica desde enero de 2005 hasta enero de 2009.Aortic rupture, independently of its location and etiology, is an extremely serious condition that leads to death rapidly. There is currently no consensus on whether endovascular treatment of the descending thoracic aortic rupture is superior to conventional surgical repair in terms of mid-or long-terms outcome. We describe our experience with 13 patients from January 2005 to January 2009 to evaluate the results in patients with descending thoracic aortic rupture undergoing endoprosthetic management.

A. Fernández Carmona

2011-05-01

313

Imaging and management of complications of open surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Open repair is still considered the reference standard for long-term repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). In contrast to endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), patients with open surgical repair of AAA are not routinely followed up with imaging. Although complications following EVAR are widely recognized and routinely identified on follow-up imaging, complications also do occur following open surgical repair. With frequent use of multi-slice computed tomography (CT) angiography (CTA) in vascular patients, there is now improved recognition of the potential complications following open surgical repair. Many of these complications are increasingly being managed using endovascular techniques. The aim of this review is to illustrate a variety of potential complications that may occur following open surgical repair and to demonstrate their management using both surgical and endovascular techniques.

314

Imaging and management of complications of open surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms  

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Open repair is still considered the reference standard for long-term repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). In contrast to endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), patients with open surgical repair of AAA are not routinely followed up with imaging. Although complications following EVAR are widely recognized and routinely identified on follow-up imaging, complications also do occur following open surgical repair. With frequent use of multi-slice computed tomography (CT) angiography (CTA) in vascular patients, there is now improved recognition of the potential complications following open surgical repair. Many of these complications are increasingly being managed using endovascular techniques. The aim of this review is to illustrate a variety of potential complications that may occur following open surgical repair and to demonstrate their management using both surgical and endovascular techniques.

Nayeemuddin, M. [Department of Interventional Radiology, City General Hospital, University Hospital of North Staffordshire NHS Trust, Stoke-On-Trent (United Kingdom); Pherwani, A.D. [Department of Vascular Surgery, City General Hospital, University Hospital of North Staffordshire NHS Trust, Stoke-On-Trent (United Kingdom); Asquith, J.R., E-mail: john.asquith@uhns.nhs.uk [Department of Interventional Radiology, City General Hospital, University Hospital of North Staffordshire NHS Trust, Stoke-On-Trent (United Kingdom)

2012-08-15

315

An empirical study of nursing in patients undergoing two different procedures for abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

Specialized vascular nursing has to meet the challenge presented through progress and modern developments in vascular surgery. Endovascular techniques are becoming more widespread and are now available for diseases that previously have required extensive surgery. A comparative study was carried out in two groups of patients with infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (N = 50), either by means of the traditional open surgical approach or by the new endovascular stented graft technology. Four problems were compared in both groups of patients: (1) length of hospital stay, (2) dependency on nursing, (3) patients mobility after surgery, and (4) analgesic requirements. Data were obtained from a designated data sheet. Analysis of the data obtained helped us in our service to optimize the nursing process for patients undergoing major aortic surgery for open, as well as endovascular, procedures, especially regarding the nursing anamnesis and nursing diagnosis. PMID:9764025

Kozon, V; Fortner, N; Hölzenbein, T

1998-03-01

316

Superinfecção e rotura de aneurisma da aorta abdominal por Salmonella dublin: relato de caso Superinfection and rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm after Salmonella dublin septicemia: a case report  

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Os autores relatam o caso de paciente de 66 anos, que apresentou superinfecção e rotura de aneurisma da aorta abdominal, após septicemia por Salmonella dublin. As infecções endovasculares associadas à rotura de aneurisma pré-existentes são um rico potencial nos pacientes com mais de 50 anos de idade, que apresentam bacteremia ou septicemia por Salmonella sp. A alta mortalidade da aortite por salmonelose é devida à septicemia grave ou à rotura desses aneurismas. Qualquer tecido org?...

Anibal Basile Filho; Albert Jaeger; Antônio Capone Neto; Mário Mantovani

1988-01-01

317

Acute vasculitis after endovascular brachytherapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Angioplasty effectively relieves coronary artery stenosis but is often followed by restenosis. Endovascular radiation (? or ?) at the time of angioplasty prevents restenosis in a large proportion of vessels in swine (short term) and humans (short and long term). Little information is available about the effects of this radiation exposure beyond the wall of the coronary arteries. Methods and Materials: Samples were obtained from 76 minipigs in the course of several experiments designed to evaluate endovascular brachytherapy: 76 of 114 coronary arteries and 6 of 12 iliac arteries were exposed to endovascular radiation from 32P sources (35 Gy at 0.5 mm from the intima). Two-thirds of the vessels had angioplasty or stenting. The vessels were systematically examined either at 28 days or at 6 months after radiation. Results: We found an unexpected lesion: acute necrotizing vasculitis in arterioles located ?2.05 mm from the target artery. It was characterized by fibrinoid necrosis of the wall, often associated with lymphocytic exudates or thrombosis. Based on the review of perpendicular sections of tissue samples, the arterioles had received between 6 and 40 Gy. This arteriolar vasculitis occurred at 28 days in samples from 51% of irradiated coronary arteries and 100% of irradiated iliac arteries. By 6 months, the incidence of acute vasculitis decreased to 24% around the coronary arteries. However, at that time, healing vasculitis was evident, often wealing vasculitis was evident, often with luminal narrowing, in 46% of samples. Vasculitis was not seen in any of 44 samples from unirradiated vessels (0%) and had no relation to angioplasty, stenting, or their sequelae. This radiation-associated vasculitis in the swine resembles the localized lymphocytic vasculitis that we have reported in tissues of humans exposed to external radiation. On the other hand, it is quite different from the various types of systemic vasculitis that occur in nonirradiated humans. Conclusion: Endoarterial brachytherapy using 32P results in vascular effects beyond the adventitia of the target vessel. This necrotizing vasculitis is causally related to radiation, but its mechanism is unclear and a dose effect is not evident. Quite possibly, local upregulation of inflammatory cytokines contributes to this radiation-associated vasculitis, which only involved some of the arterioles in each sample. It is likely that radiation-associated vasculitis also occurs around human coronary arteries and may result in foci of ischemia. To our knowledge, this lesion has not been previously recognized, either in experimental models or in human specimens examined after angioplasty/brachytherapy

318

Endovascular stent graft for treatment of complicated spontaneous dissection of celiac artery: Report of two cases  

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We report 2 cases of complicated spontaneous dissection of the celiac artery, which were successfully treated by a stent graft. The first patient was a 47-year-old man who presented with acute abdominal pain. CT scan showed ruptured saccular aneurysm with surrounding retroperitoneal hematoma. The second patient was a 57-year-old man with progressive dissecting aneurysm. Endovascular stent graft was placed in the celiac trunk to control bleeding, and to prevent rupture in each patient. Follow-up CT scans showed complete obliteration of a dissecting aneurysm.

319

Endovascular stent graft for treatment of complicated spontaneous dissection of celiac artery: Report of two cases  

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We report 2 cases of complicated spontaneous dissection of the celiac artery, which were successfully treated by a stent graft. The first patient was a 47-year-old man who presented with acute abdominal pain. CT scan showed ruptured saccular aneurysm with surrounding retroperitoneal hematoma. The second patient was a 57-year-old man with progressive dissecting aneurysm. Endovascular stent graft was placed in the celiac trunk to control bleeding, and to prevent rupture in each patient. Follow-up CT scans showed complete obliteration of a dissecting aneurysm.

Kang, Ung Rae; Lee, Young Hwan [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young Hwan [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

2013-06-15

320

Aneurisma de la aorta abdominal: controversias y tendencias en su diagnóstico y manejo Abdominal aortic aneurysms: Trends and controversies in management  

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Full Text Available Los aneurismas de aorta abdominal son una alteración frecuente en poblaciones con edad mayor de 65 años. Si se tiene en cuenta que la mayoría de los casos son asintomáticos, esta condición debería ser tamizada en todo paciente con factores de riesgo. Su tratamiento se fundamenta en el riesgo de ruptura y la mortalidad asociada. El abordaje quirúrgico está indicado siempre que el paciente presente síntomas o complicaciones asociadas (embolia distal, efecto compresivo en estructuras adyacentes o cuando el diámetro del aneurisma supere los 5,5 cm. Las opciones de manejo consisten en un abordaje convencional (vía abierta o en un abordaje intravascular. La decisión debe basarse en un proceso individualizado en el que se consideren las enfermedades concomitantes, las preferencias del paciente y la experiencia del equipo médico. Con este objetivo, se revisará el conocimiento actual respecto al manejo de aneurismas menores de 5,5 cm de diámetro, y las nuevas tendencias en cuanto a terapias farmacológicas y a modificaciones del estilo de vida, que han probado ser protectoras. El artículo incluye una revisión de la literatura y la presentación de un caso clínico.The prevalence of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA increases with age, especially after 65 years. Screening for this pathology should be performed in every patient with known risk factors, considering that most cases are asymptomatic. Surgical treatment is the mainstay therapy, based upon the risk of rupture and the associated high mortality rates. Surgical repair is indicated as long as the patient presents with symptoms or complications derived from the AAA (distal embolization, compressive effect on adjacent structures or when aneurysm diameter is greater than 5.5cm. Surgical options are conventional open aneurysm repair or endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR. Treatment decisions should be individually considered according to comorbidities, experience of the medical team and the patient’s preferences. Current recommendations regarding small aneurysms (<5.5cm diameter and new medical treatments to slow progression of the disease are discussed. The article includes a literature review and a case presentation.

Jairo Ramírez

2010-12-01

 
 
 
 
321

Endovascular Conversion Procedure for Failed Primary Endovascular Aortic Stent-Grafts  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Initial failure of successful deployment of endovascular aortic stent-grafts can be due to a variety of factors and frequently requires surgical intervention. We describe an endovascular technique for salvaging initially failed tubular aortic and bifurcated aortoiliac stent-grafts with reference to three cases

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Vestibulopatia por lesão endovascular em cateterismo de urgência / Vestibular system paresis due to emergency endovascular catheterization  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste relato de caso é descrever uma causa incomum de vestibulopatia periférica associada à perda auditiva unilateral em paciente idoso pós- cateterismo de urgência. RELATO DE CASO: Paciente do gênero masculino, 82 anos, submetido à correção de aneurisma roto de aorta abdominal, [...] no intra-operatório sofreu infarto agudo do miocárdio necessitando de angioplastia primária. Após alta hospitalar refere queixa de hipoacusia acentuada à direita e vertigem incapacitante, sem sinais neurológicos focais. Ao exame clínico otorrinolaringológico apresentava: Teste de Weber lateralizado para a esquerda, nistagmo espontâneo para a esquerda , marcha oscilante, leve disbasia e ataxia, índexnariz e diadococinesia normais, Teste de Romberg com oscilação sem queda e Fukuda com desvio lateral para a direita. O exame audiométrico evidenciava anacusia à direita e perda neurossensorial à esquerda em agudos, arreflexia vestibular à direita na prova calórica e, na tomografia computadorizada dos ossos temporais e tronco-encefálico, presença de haste metálica atravessando o osso temporal direito, a partir da veia jugular interna e bulbo jugular, atravessando os canais semicirculares posterior, superior e vestíbulo, projetando-se em lobo temporal. O diagnóstico radiológico foi lesão traumática por guia endovascular metálico durante cateterismo de urgência e a conduta, considerando que o paciente não havia compensado o equilíbrio, foi reabilitação vestibular. CONCLUSÃO: Queixas de tontura no paciente idoso devem ser criteriosamente avaliadas diante do seu histórico clínico patológico pois os antecedentes de doenças e tratamentos prévios, em geral, direcionam as hipóteses diagnósticas porém podem trazer alterações inesperadas. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The objective of this story of case is to describe an uncommon cause of associated peripheral Vestibulopathy to the unilateral auditory loss in aged patient after catheterization of urgency. STORY OF CASE: Patient of the masculine sort, 82 years, submitted to the correction of abdominal r [...] agged aneurism of aorta, in the intra-operative suffered heart attack acute from the myocardium needing primary angioplasty. High after hospital it relates to complaint of accented hearing loss to the right and crippling vertigo, without focal neurological signals. To the otorhinolaryngological clinical examination it presented: Test of Weber lateralized for the left, spontaneous nystagmus for the left, marches rocking, has taken normal disbasia and ataxia, index-nose and diadochokinesia, Test of Romberg with oscillation without fall and Fukuda with lateral shunting line for the right. The audiometric examination evidenced deafness to the right and sensorineural loss to the left in sharps, areflexia initial to the right in caloric test e, the computerized tomography of the secular bones and brainstem, presence of metallic connecting rod crossing the right secular bone, from the vein internal jugular vein and bulb jugular vein, crossing the posterior, superior and vestibule semicircular canals, projecting itself in temporal lobe. The radiological diagnoses was traumatic injury for guide to endovascular metallic during catheterization of urgency and the behavior, considering that the patient had not compensated the balance, it was vestibular rehabilitation. CONCLUSION: Complaints of giddiness in the aged patient must be closely evaluated of its pathological clinical description because the antecedents of illnesses and previous treatments, in general, direct the diagnostic hypotheses however they can bring unexpected alterations.

Lucinda, Simoceli; Danilo Anunciatto, Sguillar; Henrique Mendes Paiva, Santos; Camilla, Caputti.

2012-06-01

323

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Surgery Introduction Aorta Common Iliac Arteries Ballooning of the aorta, also known as an "abdominal aortic aneurysm," can lead to life threatening bleeding. Doctors may ...

324

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... as an "abdominal aortic aneurysm," can lead to life threatening bleeding. Doctors may recommend surgery for people ... aneurysm that ruptures and bleeds is serious and life threatening. An abdominal aortic aneurysm can occur in ...

325

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available ... aneurysm involves the part of the aorta that extends into the abdomen, this is called an abdominal ... aneurysms may start above the kidneys and may extend into and beyond the iliac arteries. Most abdominal ...

326

Abdominal aortic aneurysm and concomitant malignancy: what treatment?  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The association of neoplasm and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), although rare, may represents a therapeutic dilemma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1990 and December 2004 in our departement 127 patients were submitted because of an AAA, in 8 cases there was an association with a neoplasm, in the greater part being a colon cancer. In 3 cases we performed a one stage surgery, in 1 case the chose was for a two stage surgery, for 3 patients we opted for an endovascular treatment by an en...

Rebecchi, Fabrizio

2006-01-01

327

Radiological Findings and Endovascular Management of Three Cases with Segmental Arterial Mediolysis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) is an uncommon self-limited disorder that can cause abdominal catastrophes through massive bleeding or bowel infarction. The former arise from arterial aneurysms, and the latter from arterial stenosis or occlusions. Although this is an acute self-limiting disease, the catastrophic consequence, originating from intra-abdominal hemorrhage (arterial dilatation, aneurysms, dissecting hematomas) or bowel infarction (arterial stenosis, arterial occlusions), is not rare. The identification of these lesions is very important in the differential diagnosis of suspected patients with complaints of abdominal pain with hemorrhage. We report computerized tomography angiography and digital subtraction angiography findings of three cases with abdominal SAM, who were treated with endovascular management due to abdominal bleeding. Angiography showed arterial dilatations, aneurysms, and occlusions of visceral arteries in all three cases, The string-of-beads appearance was present in only one case. Bleeding stopped immediately after embolization of three cases and follow-up revealed no evidence of recurrences at 23, 18, and 15 months, respectively, Arterial coil embolization is an effective treatment modality for bleeding complications of SAM. Close follow-up is recommended, primarily to ascertain the fate of the nontreated arterial lesions.

328

Radiological findings and endovascular management of three cases with segmental arterial mediolysis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Segmental arterial mediolysis (SAM) is an uncommon self-limited disorder that can cause abdominal catastrophes through massive bleeding or bowel infarction. The former arise from arterial aneurysms, and the latter from arterial stenosis or occlusions. Although this is an acute self-limiting disease, the catastrophic consequence, originating from intra-abdominal hemorrhage (arterial dilatation, aneurysms, dissecting hematomas) or bowel infarction (arterial stenosis, arterial occlusions), is not rare. The identification of these lesions is very important in the differential diagnosis of suspected patients with complaints of abdominal pain with hemorrhage. We report computerized tomography angiography and digital subtraction angiography findings of three cases with abdominal SAM, who were treated with endovascular management due to abdominal bleeding. Angiography showed arterial dilatations, aneurysms, and occlusions of visceral arteries in all three cases, The string-of-beads appearance was present in only one case. Bleeding stopped immediately after embolization of three cases and follow-up revealed no evidence of recurrences at 23, 18, and 15 months, respectively, Arterial coil embolization is an effective treatment modality for bleeding complications of SAM. Close follow-up is recommended, primarily to ascertain the fate of the nontreated arterial lesions. PMID:19629590

Davran, Ramazan; Cinar, Celal; Parildar, Mustafa; Oran, Ismail

2010-06-01