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Sample records for abdominal tratamiento endovascular

  1. Aneurisma de la aorta abdominal: Tratamiento endovascular con una endoprótesis fenestrada Abdominal aortic aneurysm: Endovascular treatment with fenestrated endoprothesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Román Rostagno

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El tratamiento endovascular de los aneurismas de aorta abdominal es una alternativa a la cirugía abierta para pacientes de alto riesgo. Consiste en la exclusión del saco aneurismático mediante la interposición de una endoprótesis colocada por vía femoral. El tratamiento endovascular no puede ser utilizado en todos los pacientes. Una limitación frecuente la constituye el nacimiento de una arteria visceral desde el saco aneurismático. Para contrarrestar esta limitación recientemente se han desarrollado endoprótesis fenestradas que presentan orificios que se corresponden con el nacimiento de las arterias involucradas en el aneurisma evitando su oclusión, permitiendo de esta manera el tratamiento endovascular. En esta comunicación se presenta un caso de tratamiento endovascular de un aneurisma de aorta abdominal mediante la colocación de una endoprótesis fenestrada en un paciente cuya arteria renal izquierda nacía directamente del saco aneurismático.Endovascular treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm is consider an alternative to open surgery for high risk patients. Its goal is to exclude the aneurysm from the circulation by using an endoprothesis introduced from a femoral approach. Patients must be strictly selected to avoid possible complications. The most frequent limitation is related to anatomic contraindications such as visceral arteries involved in the aneurysm. Fenestrated endograft have been recently developed to allow endovascular treatment when anatomic features contraindicate classic endovascular procedures. Fenestrated endograft have holes that match with the origin of the visceral arteries maintaining its potency. In this paper we report the endovascular treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm by using a fenestrated endoprothesis in a patient whose left renal artery is originated from the aneurysm.

  2. Tratamiento endovascular de las patologías de aorta -Estado del arte-: Parte 1 - Aneurismas de aorta abdominal Endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies -State of the art-: Part 1 - Aneurysms of abdominal aorta

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    Carlos E Uribe

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad, el tratamiento endovascular de las patologías de aorta es una alternativa a la cirugía abierta. Éste ha demostrado ser seguro ya que arroja resultados iguales o superiores que el grupo quirúrgico. En este artículo se presenta el estado actual del tratamiento con endoprótesis de las patologías de aorta, así como las indicaciones, las contraindicaciones y el futuro del tratamiento con este tipo de dispositivos.Endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies is actually an alternative to open surgery. It has proven to be safe, showing similar or better results to those achieved by surgery. In this article, treatment of aortic pathologies by means of endoprosthesis is presented, as well as its indications, contraindications and future treatment with this kind of devices.

  3. TRATAMIENTO PERCUTÁNEO CON PRÓTESIS ENDOVASCULAR DE COARTACIÓN DE AORTA ABDOMINAL EN UN ADULTO / Percutaneous treatment with endovascular prosthesis of abdominal aortic coarctation in an adult

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Felipe Vega Fleites

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: La coartación de la aorta abdominal es una afección vascular no hereditaria poco frecuente, que afecta a hombres y mujeres por igual. Recientemente ha sido nombrada como “Síndrome aórtico medio”, y los hallazgos clínicos son similares a los de la CoAo típica. Para el diagnóstico, se debe recurrir a la resonancia magnética o a la arteriografía, y las opciones terapéuticas incluyen la dilatación percutánea con catéter-globo, el tratamiento quirúrgico y, por último, como opción más novedosa, la implantación de prótesis endovasculares. En este artículo presentamos el caso de una mujer de 45 años de edad, exfumadora, con antecedentes de artritis reumatoidea e hipertensión arterial que presentaba claudicación de miembros inferiores durante la marcha. Existía una disminución bilateral marcada de los pulsos femorales y el Doppler, y mostró un componente amortiguado en ambas arterias femorales y poplíteas. La AngioTAC encontró una estenosis significativa del tercio distal de la aorta abdominal infrarrenal, con hipoplasia marcada de la ilíaca derecha. La aortografía corroboró el diagnóstico (gradiente de 80 mmHg. A través de dos introductores arteriales por las arterias femorales se avanzaron dos catéteres-globo MATCH-35 de 5.0x80 mm que se inflaron simultáneamente y posteriormente, se implantó un stent MEDTRONIC “Bridge Assurant” de 10 x 30 mm en el segmento estenótico, sin complicaciones. El gradiente residual fue de 10 mmHg. La paciente evolucionó favorablemente y fue egresada a las 24 horas del procedimiento. / Abstract: Coarctation of the abdominal aorta is an uncommon, non-inherited vascular condition that affects men and women alike. It has been recently named as "middle aortic syndrome", and the clinical findings are similar to those of typical aortic coarctation. For diagnosis, one must make use of magnetic resonance imaging or arteriography, and therapeutic options include percutaneous balloon catheter dilatation, surgical treatment and, finally, as a more novel option, the implantation of stents. In this paper we present the case of a 45-year-old female, ex-smoker with a history of rheumatoid arthritis and hypertension who presented claudication of lower limbs during gait. There was a marked bilateral decrease of the femoral and Doppler pulses, and showed a damping factor in both femoral and popliteal arteries. The CT angiography found a significant stenosis of the distal third of the infrarenal abdominal aorta with marked hypoplasia of the right iliac. Aortography confirmed the diagnosis (gradient of 80 mmHg. Using two arterial sheaths, two-balloon catheters MATCH-35, 5.0x80 mm were introduced through femoral arteries, simultaneously inflated and subsequently a MEDTRONIC "Bridge Assurant" stent of 10x30 mm was implanted in the stenotic segment; with no complications. The residual gradient was 10 mmHg. The patient improved and was discharged form the hospital 24 hours after the procedure.

  4. Endovascular grafts for abdominal aortic aneurysm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steuer, Johnny; Lachat, Mario; Veith, Frank J; Wanhainen, Anders

    2016-01-01

    During the last two decades, endovascular technology has revolutionized the management of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Today, endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) is the treatment of choice for the majority of patients with an AAA. Randomized controlled trials provide robust evidence for the indication of AAA repair and the rationale for the use of EVAR in selected patients. However, despite that, practice varies and several areas need further elucidation. Important future challenges and areas of research include the role of medical therapy in AAA, whether the indication for repair should be any different in women and in the elderly, and long-term follow-up of patients undergoing complex EVAR with adjuncts, both for elective treatment and for ruptured AAA. Continuous rapid technical and clinical development is to be expected. In this paper, we review the current practice and evidence of stenting in AAA. PMID:26543044

  5. Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms.

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    Buck, Dominique B; van Herwaarden, Joost A; Schermerhorn, Marc L; Moll, Frans L

    2014-02-01

    Patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are usually treated with endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), which has become the standard of care in many hospitals for patients with suitable anatomy. Clinical evidence indicates that EVAR is associated with superior perioperative outcomes and similar long-term survival compared with open repair. Since the randomized, controlled trials that provided this evidence were conducted, however, the stent graft technology for infrarenal AAA has been further developed. Improvements include profile downsizing, optimization of sealing and fixation, and the use of low porosity fabrics. In addition, imaging techniques have improved, enabling better preoperative planning, stent graft placement, and postoperative surveillance. Also in the past few years, fenestrated and branched stent grafts have increasingly been used to manage anatomically challenging aneurysms, and experiments with off-label use of stent grafts have been performed to treat patients deemed unfit or unsuitable for other treatment strategies. Overall, the indications for endovascular management of AAA are expanding to include increasingly complex and anatomically challenging aneurysms. Ongoing studies and optimization of imaging, in addition to technological refinement of stent grafts, will hopefully continue to broaden the utilization of EVAR. PMID:24343568

  6. Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic paraanastomotic pseudoaneurysms after surgical reconstruction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cerna, Marie [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Koecher, Martin [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic)], E-mail: martin.kocher@seznam.cz; Utikal, Petr [Department of Surgery, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Koutna, Jirina [Department of Anaestology, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Drac, Petr; Bachleda, Petr [Department of Surgery, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Burval, Stanislav; Kozak, Jiri; Thomas, Rohit Philip [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic)

    2009-08-15

    Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of endovascular treatment of paraaortic postoperative abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysms. Materials and methods: From April 1996 to November 2007 five men with paraaortic postoperative abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm underwent endovascular treatment. Average age was 64.2 years (range 54-73). The average time interval between the primary surgery and endovascular treatment was 12.4 years (4 months-23 years). Three patients were treated by aortouniiliacal stentgrafts and two patients by tube stentgrafts. Results: Technical success rate was 100%. Pseudoaneurysms were primarily excluded from circulation without perioperative complications in all patients. At follow-up (mean 38.5 months) there were no deaths and no endoleaks. In one patient thrombosis of stentgraft was found and it was successfully treated by thrombectomy. All pseudoaneurysms still continued to be excluded from circulation in the last follow-up. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment is minimally invasive, effective and safe option of surgery for paraaortic postoperative pseudoaneurysms.

  7. Neurologic injury after endovascular exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the mechanism of neurologic injury after endovascular graft exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms and the methods of prevention and treatment. Materials: Since March 1997 to October 2002, endovascular graft exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm have been preformed on 136 patients, with one occurrence of neurologic injury after the operation. The main body-short limb graft was used in this case (Talent) and the operation was successful. The patient complained of bilateral lower extremities pain and disability. Electromusculogram showed bilateral femoral nerve injury. Then the patient was treated with vitamin B12, hyperbaric oxygen and physical therapy for 2 months outcoming with the symptom improvement. Conclusions: Neurologic injury after endovascular graft exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysms is possible due to the occlusion of the lumbar artery during the operation. Early treatment is important and more effective. Later nerve nutrition and physical treatment can improve some symptoms partly

  8. Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Antecedent Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    OpenAIRE

    Cho, Jae S.

    2014-01-01

    Late aortic rupture following successful endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm still does occur. It represents the ultimate failure of endovascular aortic repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR) and subjects patients to equivalent risk of death as de novo rupture. Unfortunately, it is difficult to identify patients at risk for post-EVAR rupture as many present with aortic rupture in the absence of any endograft-related complications. Continued surveillance and timely interventio...

  9. [Own experience endovascular prosthetic repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms].

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    Chupin, A V; Kolosov, R V; Kalinin, A A; Za?tsev, M V; Parshin, P Iu; Orekhov, P Iu; Kemezh, Iu V; Terekhin, S A

    2012-01-01

    Endovascular prosthetic repair has increasingly been used over the last several decades. This type of intervention is indicated for patients running a high surgical and anaesthesiological risk of an open surgical procedure. The experience gained in endovascular prosthetic repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms makes it possible to extend the indications for its practical application. The authors describe herein their experience gained in a total of 20 procedures of endovascular prosthetic repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms using the Gore Excluder endograft device in patients running a high risk of an open surgical intervention. There were neither short -nor long-term lethal outcomes. Three patients after endovascular prosthetic repair were found to have type 1 endoleak and two appeared to have type 2 endoleak. Type 1 endoleaks were coped with intraoperationally. Dynamic follow-up (at 1, 6, 12 months after surgery) of patients including computed tomography showed no complications whatsoever (i. e., no endoleaks, endograft migration, nor increase in the aneurysm's diameter). After endografting of abdominal aortic aneurysms there were neither cardiac nor respiratory complications in the immediate postoperative period. Hence, endografting of an abdominal aortic aneurysm is a method of choice for high-risk patients. PMID:22836333

  10. Open Versus Endovascular Stent Graft Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Firwana, Belal; Ferwana, Mazen; Hasan, Rim; Alpert, Martin A; Faries, Peter; Dangas, George; Gluud, Christian

    2014-01-01

    We performed an analysis to assess the need for conducting additional randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing open and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Trial sequential analysis (TSA) is a statistical methodology that can calculate the required inform...

  11. Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Patient with Renal Transplant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Patients with functioning renal transplant who develop abdominal aortic aneurysm can safely be treated with endovascular repair. Endovascular repair of aneurysm avoids renal ischemia associated with cross-clamping of aorta

  12. Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm after Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Chung Won; Chung, Sung Woon; Kim, Jong Won; Kim, Sangpil; Bae, Mi Ju; Kim, Chang Won

    2011-01-01

    In treating uncomplicated abdominal aortic aenurysm, endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been employed as a good alternative to open repair with low perioperative morbidity and mortality. However, the aneurysm can enlarge or rupture even after EVAR as a result of device failure, endoleak, or graft migration. We experienced two cases of aneurismal rupture after EVAR, which were successfully treated by surgical extra-anatomic bypass.

  13. Endovascular therapy of thoracic and abdominal aortic lesions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the clinical effects of comprehensive endovascular therapy for thoracic and abdominal aortic lesions. Methods: Five patients with DeBakey III aortic dissection (AD) were treated with endovascular therapy; including endovascular exclusion (EVE) with one-stent-graft (4 cases), fenestration of intimal flap (FIF) (1 case). One pseudoaneurysm after venous prothesis placed in DeBakey IIIAD was treated with one-stent-graft and another one with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) below renal artery with separating stent-graft. Results: Five EVE with one-stent-graft were successfully furnished. Type I endoleakage was found in 2 cases, but disappeared after PTA in 1 case, and persisting after thirty minutes in another case. Both the lower leg's blood flow was recovered with symptom free in the FIF case. After one separating stent-graft placed, DSA showed that AAA disappeared without endoleakage. Conclusions: EVE or FIF is effective and reliable in treating thoracic and abdominal aortic lesions. Separating stent-graft shows more promising future. (authors)

  14. Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Aortocaval Fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aortocaval fistula (ACF) is a rare complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). We report the endovascular repair of an AAA rupture into the inferior vena cava. A 78-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for acute hypotension. She presented with a pulsatile abdominal mass and became rapidly anuric. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed an AAA rupture into the inferior vena cava. The features of the AAA made it suitable for endovascular repair. To prevent pulmonary embolism caused by the presence of sac thrombosis near the vena cava lumen, a temporary vena cava filter was deployed before the procedure. A bifurcated stent-graft was placed with the patient under local anaesthesia, and the AAA was successfully treated. A transient type II endoleak was detected on CT 3 days after endograft placement. At routine follow-up 6 and 12 months after the procedure, the patient was in good clinical condition, and the type II endoleak had sealed completely. Endovascular treatment offers an attractive therapeutic alternative to open repair in case of ACF; however, only small numbers of patients have been treated, and long-term follow-up interval is lacking.

  15. Tratamiento endovascular del vasospasmo cerebral inducido por hemorragia subaracnoidea aneurismática Endovascular treatment of cerebral vasospasm due to aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage

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    Pedro P. Alcázar

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available El vasospasmo cerebral es una de las principales causas de morbimortalidad en los pacientes con hemorragia subaracnoidea por rotura de un aneurisma cerebral. Cuando el vasospasmo se hace resistente al tratamiento médico máximo, el tratamiento endovascular es una opción terapéutica para incrementar el flujo sanguíneo cerebral y evitar lesiones isquémicas cerebrales. Los rápidos avances en técnicas endovasculares permiten utilizar la angioplastia transluminal percutánea y la infusión intraarterial de diversos fármacos vasodilatadores para revertir el vasospasmo. En este artículo se revisan las diferentes técnicas endovasculares disponibles y se describen sus mecanismos de acción, técnicas de administración, resultados clínicos y complicaciones.Cerebral vasospasm remains a leading cause of death and disability in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. When vasospasm becomes refractory to maximal medical treatment, endovascular therapies may be considered as an option to increase cerebral blood flow to prevent cerebral infarction. Endovascular techniques include transluminal balloon angioplasty and intra-arterial infusion of vasorelaxants. This article reviews the various endovascular techniques for the treatment of cerebral vasospasm and discusses the mechanisms of action, techniques of administration, clinical results, and limitations of these treatment strategies.

  16. Tratamento endovascular de pseudoaneurisma da aorta abdominal: relato de caso Endovascular treatment of an abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm: a case report

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    Emerson Henrique do Nascimento

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Um estudante de 17 anos, masculino, sofreu ferimentos por arma de fogo e foi submetido a uma laparotomia exploradora. No pós-operatório, queixava-se de dores em membros inferiores e de massa abdominal pulsátil. Realizou tomografia computadorizada (TC de abdome, que evidenciou pseudoaneurisma de aorta abdominal de cerca de 8 cm no maior diâmetro, localizado entre o tronco celíaco e a artéria mesentérica superior. Uma arteriografia confirmou o diagnóstico e procedeu-se, então, a embolização da lesão com fragmentos de fio-guia montados com fios de algodão. Após seis meses, realizou ecoDoppler de aorta abdominal e nova TC de abdome, que evidenciaram fluxo no interior do saco do pseudoaneurisma. Foi, então, submetido a nova embolização endovascular e implante de stent não-revestido de 18 x 58 mm. Após seis meses do último procedimento, realizou-se nova TC de abdome que demonstrou exclusão da lesão.A 17 years old male student has received several gunshots and was submitted to exploratory laparotomy. After surgery, he complained of pain in the lower limbs and a pulsatile abdominal mass. An abdominal computerized tomography (CT scan was carried out and revealed an abdominal aorta pseudoaneurysm of about 8 cm in the larger diameter between the celiac trunk and the superior mesenteric artery. An arteriography confirmed the diagnosis and he was submitted to the lesion embolization with cotton suture wires attached to metallic guide wire fragments. After six months, an abdominal aorta Doppler ultrasonography and a new abdominal CT scan were ordered and depicted flow inside the pseudoaneurysm. The patient was then submitted to a new endovascular embolization, and an 18 x 58 mm uncovered stent was placed. After six months from the last procedure, a new abdominal CT scan showed exclusion of the lesion.

  17. Tratamiento endovascular del trauma vascular periférico Endovascular treatment of peripheral vascular trauma

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    César Eduardo Jiménez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El trauma vascular representa un problema de salud pública a nivel nacional e internacional. La epidemia de violencia con mayor uso de armas de alta y baja velocidad en los conflictos militares y a nivel civil urbano, las velocidades más altas en las carreteras y los accidentes laborales, han aumentado la incidencia del trauma vascular. La aparición de procedimientos y tecnologías endovasculares ha ofrecido nuevas alternativas en casos complejos de trauma vascular, como accesos vasculares difíciles, complicaciones tardías y pacientes con enfermedades concomitantes. En este artículo se presenta la experiencia, desde enero de 2010 hasta enero de 2012, con siete pacientes que recibieron tratamiento endovascular y tuvieron seguimiento a seis meses. En 6 (86 % pacientes fue posible la implantación de endoprótesis (stent y en uno fue necesario crear un émbolo en la arteria ilio-lumbar mediante espirales de acero (coils. El tiempo promedio de duración del procedimiento quirúrgico fue de 60,7 minutos, con un rango de 40 a 90 minutos. En todos los casos se comprobó éxito angiográfico y permeabilidad del vaso lesionado.Vascular trauma constitutes a public health problem both nationally and internationally. The epidemy of violence with greater use of high and low velocity weapons in the military conflicts as well as at the civil urban level, have increased the incidence of vascular trauma. The advent of endovascular procedures and technologies offer new alternative approaches in complex vascular trauma, such as those with difficult vascular access, late complications and patients with concomitant complications. Hereby we present our experience with seven patients that were submitted to endovascular treatment in the period January 2010 to January 2012, with six months follow-up. In six patients (86% it was possible to implant a stent, and in one it became necessary to create an embolus in the ilio-lumbar artery by means of a steel spiral coil. Mean operating time was 60.7 minutes, with a rank of 40 to 90 minutes. Successful result was demonstrated in all cases by angiography and permeability of the affected vessel.

  18. Aneurysm Sac Enlargement after Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair.

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    Dingemans, Siem A; Jonker, Frederik H W; Moll, Frans L; van Herwaarden, Joost A

    2016-02-01

    The aim of this study is to give an overview of current knowledge regarding abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) growth after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) that could potentially lead to aortic rupture. A search on Pubmed was performed. A total of 705 articles were found after initial search, of which 49 were included in the final selection. Reports on the incidence of aneurysm enlargement after EVAR vary between 0.2% and 41%. Continuous growth could lead to rupture of the aneurysm sac. There are several supposed risk factors for growth after EVAR. Endoleaks remain a hot topic as these could lead to persistent pressurization of the aneurysm sac causing growth. Various types of endoleak exist, of which each kind requires an individual treatment approach, other risk factors for aneurysm growth include endotension and the use of EVAR outside instructions for use (IFU). Reinterventions after EVAR are common; however, it is unclear how frequently these are required because of aneurysm enlargement. Aneurysm enlargement after EVAR remains a subject of debate, as this could lead to aortic rupture. This emphasizes the need for life-long radiologic surveillance during follow-up. Aortic growth after EVAR is often a result of endoleak; however, in some cases, no endoleak is detectable. Endoleak in combination with aortic growth >5 mm generally requires reintervention. A cause of concern is the liberal use of endovascular devices outside the IFU that may result in increased risk of AAA growth after EVAR. PMID:26627324

  19. Thrombus Volume Change Visualization after Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair

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    Maiora, Josu; García, Guillermo; Macía, Iván; Legarreta, Jon Haitz; Boto, Fernando; Paloc, Céline; Graña, Manuel; Abuín, Javier Sanchez

    A surgical technique currently used in the treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA) is the Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR). This minimally invasive procedure involves inserting a prosthesis in the aortic vessel that excludes the aneurysm from the bloodstream. The stent, once in place acts as a false lumen for the blood current to travel down, and not into the surrounding aneurysm sac. This procedure, therefore, immediately takes the pressure off the aneurysm, which thromboses itself after some time. Nevertheless, in a long term perspective, different complications such as prosthesis displacement or bloodstream leaks into or from the aneurysmatic bulge (endoleaks) could appear causing a pressure elevation and, as a result, increasing the danger of rupture. The purpose of this work is to explore the application of image registration techniques to the visual detection of changes in the thrombus in order to assess the evolution of the aneurysm. Prior to registration, both the lumen and the thrombus are segmented

  20. Anesthetic considerations for endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kothandan, Harikrishnan; Haw Chieh, Geoffrey Liew; Khan, Shariq Ali; Karthekeyan, Ranjith Baskar; Sharad, Shah Shitalkumar

    2016-01-01

    Aneurysm is defined as a localized and permanent dilatation with an increase in normal diameter by more than 50%. It is more common in males and can affect up to 8% of elderly men. Smoking is the greatest risk factor for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and other risk factors include hypertension, hyperlipidemia, family history of aneurysms, inflammatory vasculitis, and trauma. Endovascular Aneurysm Repair [EVAR] is a common procedure performed for AAA, because of its minimal invasiveness as compared with open surgical repair. Patients undergoing EVAR have a greater incidence of major co-morbidities and should undergo comprehensive preoperative assessment and optimization within the multidisciplinary settings. In majority of cases, EVAR is extremely well-tolerated. The aim of this article is to outline the Anesthetic considerations related to EVAR. PMID:26750684

  1. Tratamiento "híbrido" del aneurisma tóraco-abdominal: revascularización visceral extraanatómica e inserción de endoprótesis Extra anatomical revascularization and endovascular stent-grafting for thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair: Report of four cases

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    Renato Mertens M

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Surgical treatment of thoracoabdominal aneurysms is a big technical challenge with a high rate of complications and mortality. It requires a large exposure and transient interruption of vital organ perfusion during its repair. Endovascular repair is a less invasive alternative available over the last decade. We report four male patients aged 44 to 76 years, with thoracic aortic aneurysms and involvement of visceral aorta, treated with a two stage procedure. During the first stage, a retrograde revascularization of the superior mesenteric and renal arteries from the infrarenal aorta was done, associated in two cases to a concomitant repair of an infrarenal aortic aneurysm. In the second stage, an endovascular graft was placed through the femoral artery, from the segment proximal to the aneurysm to the infrarenal aorta, above the origin of the visceral artery reconstructions, excluding the aneurysm from circulation. In one patient, both stages were concomitant and in three the second stage was delayed. One patient presented a postoperative bleeding that required reintervention without adverse consequences. No patient died, presented paraplegia or deterioration of renal function. After follow up of 6 to 20 months, there is no evidence of aneurysm growth or complications derived from the procedure

  2. Modification of an endovascular stent graft for abdominal aortic aneurysm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moloye, Olajompo Busola

    Endovascular surgery is currently used to treat abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). A stent graft is deployed to exclude blood flow from the aneurysm sac. It is an effective procedure used in preventing aneurysm rupture, with reduced patient morbidity and mortality compared to open surgical repair. Migration and leakage around the device ("endoleak") due to poor sealing of the stent graft to the aorta have raised concerns about the long-term durability of endovascular repair. A preliminary study of cell migration and proliferation is presented as a prelude to a more extensive in vivo testing. A method to enhance the biological seal between the stent graft and the aorta is proposed to eliminate this problem. This can be achieved by impregnating the stent graft with 50/50 poly (DL-lactide co glycolic acid) (PLGA) and growth factors such as basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) or connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), at the proximal and distal ends. It is hypothesized that as PLGA degrades it will release the growth factors that will promote proliferation and migration of aortic smooth muscle cells to the coated site, leading to a natural seal between the aorta and the stent graft. In addition, growth factor release should promote smooth muscle cell (SMC) contraction that will help keep the stent graft in place at the proximal and distal ends. It is shown that a statistically significant effect of increased cell proliferation and migration is observed for CTGF release. Less of an effect is noted for bFGF or just the PLGA. The effect is estimated to be large enough to be clinically significant in a future animal study. The long term goal of this study is to reduce migration encounter after graft deployment and to reduce secondary interventions of EVAR especially for older patients who are unfit for open surgical treatment.

  3. Perioperative management of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To summarize the clinical experience of perioperative management in performing endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). Methods: EVAR was performed in 22 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm. The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Before treatment the functions of main organs were evaluated and certain measures were adopted in order to protect them. Useful parameters, including the length, diameter, angle and configuration of the proximal and distal aneurysmal neck, the relationship of the aneurysm to aortic branches, the distance from the lowest renal artery to the bifurcation of abdominal aorta, and the quality of access vessels (such as diameter, tortuosity and calcification degree) were determined and assessed with CTA. According to the parameters thus obtained, the suitable stent-graft with ideal diameter and length was selected, and the optimal surgery pattern was employed. Local anesthesia was employed in 20 patients, among them the local anesthesia had to be changed to general anesthesia in one. Epidural anesthesia was carried out in one patient through the surgically-reconstructed iliac artery access,and general anesthesia was employed in one patient who had Stanford type A aortic dissection. The lowest renal artery must be accurately localized before deployment of stent-graft was started. At least one patent internal iliac artery should be reserved when bilateral internal iliac arteries needed to be covered, to be covered by stages or to be reconstructed. After stent-graft placement, angiography must be performed to find out if there was any endoleak and, if any, to determine the type of endoleak and to deal with it properly. Two cases had proximal type I endoleak, so balloon dilation was employed in one and cuff implantation in another one. Distal type I endoleak occurred in one case, but, unfortunately, the iliac artery ruptured when balloon dilation was employed, therefore the patient had to receive vascular repair with prosthesis. Three cases developed type III endoleak. Balloon dilation followed by additional stent-graft placement was adopted in one case. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair with subsequent EVAR was carried out in another patient with Stanford type A aortic dissection. Re-examination with CTA was performed 7-10 days after the treatment, and once a year thereafter. Results: EVAR was successfully completed in all patients. The main complications included thrombosis due to vascular kinking (n=1) and disruption of abdominal incision (n=1). No death due to surgery occurred. During the follow-up period of 6 month to 5 years all patients remained alive. Conclusion: With the advantages of high imaging quality and usefulness for accurate measure of parameters, CTA is the gold standard for preoperative and postoperative evaluation. EVAR is a safe and effective treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm in aged patients with high-risk. (authors)

  4. Intra-Abdominal Hypertension and Abdominal Compartment Syndrome in Association with Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in the Endovascular Era: Vigilance Remains Critical

    OpenAIRE

    Matthew C. Bozeman; Ross, Charles B.

    2012-01-01

    Intra-abdominal hypertension (IAH) and abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) are common complications of ruptured abdominal aortoiliac aneurysms (rAAAs) and other abdominal vascular catastrophes even in the age of endovascular therapy. Morbidity and mortality due to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and multiple organ failure (MOF) are significant. Recognition and management of IAH are key critical care measures which may decrease morbidity and improve survival in these vascular p...

  5. Endovascular Exclusion of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Patients with Concomitant Abdominal Malignancy: Early Experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To assess the outcomes of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) for the treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in patients undergoing curative surgical treatment for concomitant abdominal malignancy. The study included 12 patients with abdominal neoplasia and an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), which was treated by surgery and stent EVAR. The neoplasm consisted of the gastric, colorectal, pancreas, prostate, and gall bladder. The follow up period was 3-21 months (mean 11.8 months). All medical records and imaging analyses were reviewed by CTA and/or color Doppler US, retrospectively. Successful endoluminal repair was accomplished in all twelve patients. The mean interval time between EVAR and surgery was 58.6 days. Small amounts of type 2 endoleaks were detected in two patients (17%). One patient developed adult respiratory distress syndrome after Whipple's operation 20 days after surgery, which led to hopeless discharge. No procedure-related mortality, morbidity, or graft-related infection was noted. Exclusion of AAA in patients with accompanying malignancy show with a relatively low procedure morbidity and mortality. Hence, endoluminal AAA repair in patients with synchronous neoplasia may allow greater flexibility in the management of an offending malignancy

  6. Endovascular Exclusion of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Patients with Concomitant Abdominal Malignancy: Early Experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, You Ri; Chang, Nam Kyu [Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Hyo Hyun; Oh, Hyun Jun; Kim, Jae Kyu; Choi, Soo Jin Na; Chung, Sang Young [Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Yim, Nam Yeol [Armed Forces Yangju Hospital, Yangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-08-15

    To assess the outcomes of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) for the treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in patients undergoing curative surgical treatment for concomitant abdominal malignancy. The study included 12 patients with abdominal neoplasia and an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), which was treated by surgery and stent EVAR. The neoplasm consisted of the gastric, colorectal, pancreas, prostate, and gall bladder. The follow up period was 3-21 months (mean 11.8 months). All medical records and imaging analyses were reviewed by CTA and/or color Doppler US, retrospectively. Successful endoluminal repair was accomplished in all twelve patients. The mean interval time between EVAR and surgery was 58.6 days. Small amounts of type 2 endoleaks were detected in two patients (17%). One patient developed adult respiratory distress syndrome after Whipple's operation 20 days after surgery, which led to hopeless discharge. No procedure-related mortality, morbidity, or graft-related infection was noted. Exclusion of AAA in patients with accompanying malignancy show with a relatively low procedure morbidity and mortality. Hence, endoluminal AAA repair in patients with synchronous neoplasia may allow greater flexibility in the management of an offending malignancy

  7. Tratamiento endovascular del trauma de aorta descendente Endovascular treatment of descending aorta trauma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Mertens M

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Mortality of traumatic aortic lesions is over 80%. A group of those who survive, develop a chronic pseudo aneurism, usually asymptomatic, that is detected during imaging studies. Since conventional surgical treatment of traumatic aortic lesions has a great mortality, endovascular treatment has been used as an alternative treatment in the last decade. Aim: To report our experience with endovascular treatment of traumatic aortic lesions. Patients and methods: Report of seven patients aged 22 to 65 years, with traumatic aortic lesions. Under general anesthesia an endovascular prosthesis was inserted through the femoral artery. Results: No complications were observed in the postoperative period, and after a follow up ranging from 4 to 40 months, no endoleaks or other complications have been detected. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of traumatic aortic lesions has good immediate and midterm results

  8. Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in the Presence of a Kidney Transplant: Therapeutic Considerations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair in the presence of a kidney transplant can be extremely challenging, as it carries significant risks of renal ischemia. Endovascular repair is an attractive option, as it can be performed with little or no impairment of renal arterial flow. We describe the endovascular management of a recurrent AAA in a patient with a functioning renal transplant using a custom-made aorto-uni-iliac device. We discuss the planning and the potential problems of the technique

  9. Tratamento Endovascular de Aneurisma de Aorta Abdominal pela Técnica de Chaminé / Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurism Using the Chimney Graft Technique

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Adriano Gonçalves de, Araujo; Fábio Henrique Ribeiro de, Souza; Fernando Henrique, Fernandes; Flávio Passos, Barbosa; José Antônio, Jatene; Paulo Cézar Guimarães, Câmara.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Paciente idoso, portador de insuficiência renal não dialítica e doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica dependente de oxigênio, foi admitido no pronto-socorro com quadro de dor abdominal lancinante. A angiotomografia de abdome revelou a presença de grande aneurisma aórtico com comprometimento das artéria [...] s viscerais. Devido ao elevado risco cirúrgico, foi proposto o tratamento endovascular pela técnica de chaminé para a preservação dos vasos viscerais. Essa técnica mostra-se promissora por permitir o reparo endovascular desses aneurismas, seja em casos eletivos, em situações de urgência/emergência ou de resgate de uma artéria visceral acidentalmente encoberta por uma endoprótese aórtica. Abstract in english An elderly patient with non-dialysis renal failure and oxygendependent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was admitted to the emergency room with lancinating abdominal pain. Angiotomography of the abdomen revealed the presence of a large aortic aneurysm with involvement of visceral arteries. Due [...] to the high surgical risk, endovascular repair was proposed, using the chimney graft technique for the preservation of the visceral vessels. This technique is promising because it enables endovascular repair of aneurysms, be it in elective cases, emergencies, or rescue of a visceral artery accidentally covered by an aortic stent graft.

  10. Tratamiento endovascular de urgencia con endoprótesis de aneurisma roto disecado de aorta torácica: A propósito de un caso Emergency endovascular treatment with endoprosthesis of ruptured dissected aneurysm of thoracic aorta: Report of one case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Lugo

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Los aneurismas de aorta torácica son menos comunes que los aneurismas de aorta abdominal y pueden encontrarse en aorta ascendente, arco aórtico, aorta descendente o en una combinación de estos segmentos. De estos aneurismas el 30% al 40% se originan en la aorta torácica descendente. En los aneurismas de aorta torácica existe una debilidad estructural de la pared de la aorta, que conlleva una dilatación arterial progresiva con eventual ruptura o disección. Aproximadamente, 50% de los aneurismas de aorta torácica son ateroscleróticos y ocurren como resultado de remodelado arterial y dilatación o a raíz de un metabolismo anormal del colágeno. La mayoría de los aneurismas de aorta torácica se descubren por casualidad durante la evaluación de otros problemas médicos. La meta del tratamiento de los aneurismas de aorta torácica, es prevenir la muerte debido a su ruptura. El riesgo de ruptura de los no tratados oscila entre 46% a 74% y la tasa de mortalidad por su ruptura es extremadamente alta. Los aneurismas de gran tamaño, en especial aquellos mayores de 6 cm, son más susceptibles de rupturas que los aneurismas de menor tamaño. El tratamiento endovascular, inicialmente desarrollado para los aneurismas de aorta abdominal, se introdujo en 1992 como una alternativa menos invasiva al tratamiento de cirugía abierta para los aneurismas de la aorta torácica descendente. En la actualidad, el injerto de stent endovascular en la aorta descendente o endoprótesis, recibe mayor atención como alternativa al reparo quirúrgico de los aneurismas de aorta torácica.Thoracic aortic aneurysms are less common than abdominal aortic aneurysms and can be found in ascending aorta, aortic arch, descending aorta or in a combination of these segments. 30% to 40% of these aneurysms are originated in thoracic descending aorta. In thoracic aortic aneurysms there exists a structural wall weakness that leads to a progressive arterial dilation with eventual rupture or dissection. Approximately 50% of all thoracic aortic aneurysms are atherosclerotic and are the result of arterial restructure and dilation or are due to an abnormal collagen metabolism. Most thoracic aortic aneurysms are only found by chance during other medical problems evaluation. The goal of thoracic aortic aneurysms treatment is the prevention of death due to its rupture. Ruptured risk of untreated aneurysms oscillates between 46% and 74% and mortality rate due to its rupture is extremely high. Large aneurysms, especially when they are greater than 6 cm in diameter are more susceptible of ruptures than smaller aneurysms. Endovascular treatment, initially developed for abdominal aortic aneurysms, was introduced in 1992 as a less invasive alternative to open surgery treatment for descending thoracic aortic aneurysms. Endovascular stent or endoprosthesis is actually getting more attention as an alternative to surgical repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms.

  11. Protocol-Based Strategy for Endovascular Repair of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

    OpenAIRE

    Ogino, Hidemitsu; Watanabe, Kazunao; Ikegaya, Yuki; Kawachi, Jun; Shimoyama, Rai; Isogai, Naoko

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Compared with conventional open surgery (COS), endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been reported to decrease the 30-day mortality rate in patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAAs). We developed an EVAR-first strategy for rAAAs that incorporates the Shonan ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm protocol (SRAP). We describe short-term results with this protocol at our institution and compare them with outcomes in patients who underwent COS.

  12. Reparación endovascular de aneurismas de aorta abdominal (parte I: Epidemiología indicaciones y limitaciones Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (Part I: Epidemiology, indications, and limitations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Carlos Fominaya Pardo

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Los aneurismas de la aorta abdominal son una patología frecuente, con alta afinidad hacia la ruptura y muerte. La reparación endovascular es una alternativa al reparo convencional en pacientes de alto riesgo, y el desarrollo tecnológico y el perfeccionamiento de las endoprótesis va a permitir su aplicación en pacientes de buen riesgo para reparo convencional con cirugía abierta. En este artículo se dan las pautas básicas que deben conocer los especialistas en enfermedades cardiovasculares acerca de la epidemiología, indicaciones y limitaciones del reparo endoluminal de los aneurismas de la aorta abdominal.Abdominal aortic aneurysms constitute a frequent pathology, with high propensity to rupture and death; endovascular repair is an alternative to conventional repair in high-risk patients. The technological development and betterment of endoprosthesis will allow the application of this method in patients considered to be of good risk for conventional open repair. This article presents the basic knowledge that should possess the specialists in cardiovascular diseases in regard to epidemiology and indications and limitations of the endoluminal repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms.

  13. Innovative chimney-graft technique for endovascular repair of a pararenal abdominal aortic aneurysm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galiñanes, Edgar Luis; Hernandez-Vila, Eduardo A; Krajcer, Zvonimir

    2015-02-01

    After abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, progressive degeneration of the aneurysm can be challenging to treat. Multiple comorbidities and previous operations place such patients at high risk for repeat surgery. Endovascular repair is a possible alternative; however, challenging anatomy can push the limits of available technology. We describe the case of a 71-year-old man who presented with a 5.3-cm pararenal aneurysm 4 years after undergoing open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. To avoid reoperation, we excluded the aneurysm by endovascular means, using visceral-artery stenting, a chimney-graft technique. Low-profile balloons on a monorail system enabled the rapid exchange of coronary wires via a buddy-wire technique. This novel approach facilitated stenting and simultaneous angioplasty of multiple visceral vessels and the abdominal aorta. PMID:25873796

  14. Perioperative nursing for patients receiving endovascular therapy for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To discuss the nursing strategy and practical measures for patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm during the perioperative period of endovascular intervention. Methods: Endovascular therapy was carried out in 34 patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm,who were encountered in our department during the period of July 1997 to September 2008. The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed and the nursing points were summarized. Results: The average hospitalization days of the 34 patients were (14 ± 5) days, the mortality rate within 30 days was 23.5% (8/34). No nursing-related complications occurred. Conclusion: A comprehensive understanding of the mechanism, development and clinical evolution of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm is very important for nursing care. For nursing staff, well mastering the relevant nursing technique, carefully guarding against any nursing errors and lessening patient's suffering as far as possible, all these are the task of primary importance. (authors)

  15. Hybrid Repair of Suprarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Antegrade Debranching with Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Min Hyun; Shin, Hong Kyung; Park, Jae Young; Lee, Taeseung

    2014-01-01

    We report a hybrid repair approach to the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm in patients with complex anatomies when typical endovascular aneurysm repair is limited due to juxtarenal involvement. A 63-year-old man presented with a 3-day history of fever and abdominal pain. He was diagnosed with acute cholecystitis along with incidental findings of two separate aneurysms of the abdominal aorta: a 3.7 cm saccular aneurysm at the suprarenal level, and a 6.6 cm fusiform aneurysm above the ili...

  16. Infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Endovascular repair with stent grafts; Infrarenales Bauchaortenaneurysma. Endovaskulaere Stent-Graft-Therapie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wagner, M.; Voshage, G.; Landwehr, P. [Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie, Gefaesszentrum Hannover, Diakoniekrankenhaus Henriettenstiftung gGmbH, Hannover (Germany); Busch, T. [Klinik fuer Gefaesschirurgie, Gefaesszentrum Hannover, Diakoniekrankenhaus Henriettenstiftung gGmbH, Hannover (Germany)

    2008-09-15

    As an alternative to surgery, endovascular therapy with stent grafts has become the second main treatment option for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. Unlike surgery, endovascular treatment with stent grafts is also applicable in patients unfit for open repair. Despite current improvements in endovascular repair devices, significant anatomic barriers still exclude this technique for a large number of patients. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound are essential for diagnostics, preintervention planning, and postintervention follow-up of abdominal aneurysms treated with stent grafts. This review covers etiology, pathology, and diagnostic aspects. Materials and methods for endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms are presented in detail, and clinical results and complications are discussed. (orig.) [German] Die endovaskulaere Therapie des infrarenalen Bauchaortenaneurysmas hat sich als Alternative zur offenen chirurgischen Versorgung etabliert. Im Gegensatz zu Letzterer ist die Aneurysmatherapie mittels Stent-Grafts auch bei schwerkranken, nicht operationsfaehigen Patienten moeglich, wobei der Nutzen kontrovers diskutiert wird. Im Gegensatz zur klassischen transabdominellen Operation ist die Stent-Graft-Technik anatomischen Einschraenkungen unterworfen, die aber kuenftig aufgrund bereits abzusehender technischer Weiterentwicklungen eine geringere Rolle spielen werden. Die Diagnostik, die Entscheidung fuer eine endovaskulaere Therapie, die praeinterventionelle Planung und die Nachsorge erfordern den Einsatz bildgebender Verfahren, v. a. der Computer- und Magnetresonanztomographie sowie der Sonographie. Die fuer die endovaskulaere Aneurysmabehandlung relevanten Aspekte der Diagnostik werden dargestellt. Auf die Technik, die Materialien, die Ergebnisse und die Komplikationen der Stent-Graft-Behandlung wird ausfuehrlich eingegangen. (orig.)

  17. EFFICACY OF THE ENDOVASCULAR TREATMENT OF THE THORACIC AND ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSMS IN CARTAGENA, COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marzola-Peña Katy

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aortic aneurysms (AA are a segmentary and permanent dilatation of the aorta that could end in a catastrophic outcome named acute aortic syndrome (AAS, which could curse with rupture and in most cases in death. The treatment of the AA pretends to prevent its rupture by means of resection and replacement of the aorta by a graft. In the last years, an endovascular management with protesis was done, excluding the circulation aneurysm. Objective: To describe the efficacy, in terms of survival and consequences prevention, of the treatment with stents in thoracic and abdominal AA in older than 50 years. Methods: An observational descriptive study was carried out, of a case series with diagnosis of AA who received endovascular treatment since January, 2012 to June, 2014 in the Clínica Madre Bernarda and Clínica San Juan de Dios in Cartagena, Colombia. Data was collected in a database with Excel™ and were analyzed with the statistical program EPIDAT 3.1. Results: In the period of study 26 patients were identified with diagnosis of thoracic and/or abdominal AA. 76.9% were men. The average age was 71 years with interquartile range between 55-77 years. The age group with highest frequency was 70-79 years with 11 cases (42.3%. The mortality associated to systemic complications after the intervention was 11%. The need of surgical reintervention to endoleak was 13.3% and sequels of paraplegia secondary to the intervention was not described. Conclusions: The endovascular treatment of thoracic and abdominal AA is an important therapeutic alternative. The results observed of the endovascular management of AA were similar to the published ones, as for complications and mortality. Rev.cienc. biomed. 2015;6(1:60-67 KEYWORDS Aortic aneurysm; Endovascular Procedures; Vascular Diseases; Vascular surgical procedures.

  18. Population-Based Outcomes Following Endovascular and Open Repair of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles, Kristina A.; Hamdan, Allen D.; Pomposelli, Frank B.; Wyers, Mark C.; Dahlberg, Suzanne E.; Schermerhorn, Marc L.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: To evaluate national outcomes after endovascular and open surgical repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAA). Methods: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample was interrogated to identify all repairs between 2000 and 2005 for rAAA based on ICD-9 codes. In the study period, 2323 patients (1794 men; median age 75 years, range 45–98) with rAAAs had endovascular repair, while 26,106 patients (20,311 men; median age 73 years, range 22–99) had an open procedure. Outcomes included in-hospital mortality, length of stay (LOS), complications, and hospitalization charge. A secondary analysis was performed to compare outcomes from low-, medium-, and high-volume institutions based on annual rAAA repair volume. Results: Patients in the endovascular group were significantly older (p<0.05). Mortality was 41% overall: 33% and 41% for endovascular versus open repair, respectively (p<0.001). Mortality after endovascular repair was lower than open surgery for patients ?70 years (36% versus 47%, p<0.001), but not for those <70 years (24% versus 30%, p?=?0.15). LOS was shorter after endovascular repair (7 versus 9 days, p<0.001). Respiratory complications (8% versus 4%, p<0.05) and acute renal failure were more common following open repair (30% versus 23%, p<0.01). Costs were similar (endo $73,590 versus open $67,287, p?=?0.15). Mortality decreased as hospital surgical volume increased (low 44%, medium 39%, high 38%; p<0.001). Over time, endovascular repair utilization increased more rapidly at high-volume centers, and a lower mortality was seen with endovascular repair at high-volume compared to low-volume hospitals (22% versus 44%, p<0.001). Multivariate predictors of mortality were age, female gender, lower hospital surgical volume, open repair, and year of surgery. Conclusion: This population-based study found that mortality associated with rAAAs may be improved by the performance of endovascular repair, especially in older patients. Mortality after rAAA for both endovascular and open repairs was also lower at high-volume institutions. PMID:19842719

  19. Endovascular exclusion for the coexistent lesions of abdominal aortic aneurysm, false-aneurysm and dissection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of endovascular exclusion for complex abdominal aortic aneurysms. Methods: One case with coexistent lesions of abdominal aortic aneurysm, false-aneurysm and dissection received stent-graft exclusion. The bilateral common femoral arteries were dissected, and the humoral artery was punctured to insert the guidewire. The guidewire stretching technique was applied, and the modular stent-graft was deployed to exclude all the aneurysms and dissection simultaneously. Results: The technique of exclusion achieved a thorough success, and all the three aneurysms were excluded simultaneously with no need of additional extension. No complications such as endoleak, migration, occurred. The lumen of revascularization was patent. Conclusion: Based on the case, the indication of the endovascular exclusion can be further expended

  20. The Impact of Endovascular Repair of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm on the Gastrointestinal and Renal Function

    OpenAIRE

    Makar, R.R.; Badger, S.A.; M. E. O’Donnell; Soong, C. V.; Lau, L. L.; Young, I.S.; Hannon, R. J.; Lee, B

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. Systemic effects of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) may be altered by the mode of surgery. This study aimed to determine systemic effects of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) compared to open repair (OR). Patients and Methods. Consecutive patients with rAAA were repaired by OR or EVAR according to computerised tomographic (CT) findings. Renal function was monitored by estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), serum urea and creatinine, and urinary albumin creatini...

  1. A cost-effectiveness analysis of standard versus endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbes, Thomas L.; DeRose, Guy; Kribs, Stewart; Harris, Kenneth A.

    2002-01-01

    Objective To compare endovascular and standard open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms in terms of initial in-hospital costs and the costs of secondary interventions and surveillance. Design A retrospective study. Setting A university-affiliated tertiary care medical centre. Patients Seven patients who underwent elective endovascular (EV) repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in 1998 and 31 patients anatomically suitable for endovascular repair who underwent standard (STAN) elective repair. Follow-up ranged from 2 to 14 months. Interventions Elective repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm with use of the standard technique or endovascular technology. Outcome measures Costs common to both groups were not determined. Costs were determined for total hospital stay, preoperative or postoperative embolization, grafts, additional endovascular equipment, and follow-up computed tomography. Results Groups were similar with respect to demographic data and aneurysm size (EV = 6.23 cm v. STAN = 6.05 cm). All patients were in American Society of Anesthesiologists class III or IV. Vanguard bifurcated grafts and extensions were used in the EV group. The total cost for both groups in Canadian dollars included: cost of stay (EV, 5.6 d, $2092.63 v. STAN, 10.7 d, $4449.19; p = 0.009); cost of embolization (EV, n = 3; $900/procedure); cost of follow-up CT (EV, 5.4 per patient; $450/CT); cost of grafts (EV = $8571.43, STAN = $374); additional radiologic equipment costs (EV = $1475). The mean total cost differed significantly between the 2 groups (EV = $14 967.63 v. STAN = $4823.19; p = 0.004). The additional cost associated with a reduction in hospital stay was calculated by determining the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER: difference in mean costs/difference in mean length of stay = $1604.51). Conclusions Endovascular repair continues to be more expensive than standard open repair determined according to procedural and follow-up costs. The technology is still in the developmental stage, but as it evolves and follow-up protocols are streamlined, it is hoped that there will be an eventual reduction in the costs associated with the endovascular procedure. PMID:12500916

  2. Tuberculous aneurysm of the abdominal aorta: endovascular repair using stent grafts in two cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tuberculous aneurysm of the aorta is exceedingly rare. To date, the standard therapy for mycotic aneurysm of the abdominal aorta has been surgery involving in-situ graft placement or extra-anatomic bypass surgery followed by effective anti-tuberculous medication. Only recently has the use of a stent graft in the treatment of tuberculous aortic aneurysm been described in the literature. We report two cases in which a tuberculous aneurysm of the abdominal aorta was successfully repaired using endovascular stent grafts. One case involved is a 42-year-old woman with a large suprarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm and a right psoas abscess, and the other, a 41-year-old man in whom an abdominal aortic aneurysm ruptured during surgical drainage of a psoas abscess. (author)

  3. Tuberculous aneurysm of the abdominal aorta: endovascular repair using stent grafts in two cases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, Wei Chiang; Kwak, Byung Kook; Kim, Kyo Nam [Sung Ae General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); And Others

    2000-12-01

    Tuberculous aneurysm of the aorta is exceedingly rare. To date, the standard therapy for mycotic aneurysm of the abdominal aorta has been surgery involving in-situ graft placement or extra-anatomic bypass surgery followed by effective anti-tuberculous medication. Only recently has the use of a stent graft in the treatment of tuberculous aortic aneurysm been described in the literature. We report two cases in which a tuberculous aneurysm of the abdominal aorta was successfully repaired using endovascular stent grafts. One case involved is a 42-year-old woman with a large suprarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm and a right psoas abscess, and the other, a 41-year-old man in whom an abdominal aortic aneurysm ruptured during surgical drainage of a psoas abscess. (author)

  4. Endovascular stent graft selection for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faries, P L; Dayal, R; Lin, S; Trociolla, S; Rhee, J; Kent, K Craig

    2005-02-01

    Minimally invasive endovascular techniques for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) have significantly reduced the morbidity of these procedures as compared with standard surgical repair. In addition, patients with extensive comorbid medical illnesses in whom standard operative repair is contra-indicated, may be successfully treated using endovascular means. A variety of endovascular stent grafts are currently being used clinically for endovascular AAA repair. The characteristics of these stent grafts vary significantly. In selecting the specific stent graft to be used for endovascular AAA repair, these specific characteristics must be considered particularly with regard to the individual patient's anatomic and physiologic characteristics. The United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved 4 endovascular stent grafts for the treatment of AAA: the Medtronic AneuRx, the W. L. Gore Excluder, the Cook Zenith and the Guidant Ancure. The Zenith graft received approval for marketing in 2003 and has gained relatively wide usage, in part due to its ability to treat aneurysms with relatively large diameter implantations zones. Also in 2003 the Guidant Corporation withdrew the Ancure graft from marketing and distribution. Enrollment has also been recently completed for the phase II FDA trials of the Medtronic Talent graft and the Cordis Fortron graft. These devices have been approved for use in the European Union and are awaiting FDA panel meeting in the United States. Comparative analysis of several of the available stent grafts has been performed. Results have varied with regard to the need for secondary interventions, aneurysm sac size reduction and the occurrence of continued perfusion of the aneurysm sac. Several significant advances have also occurred recently in stent graft research and development. Of particular significance has been the initiation of the phase I trial of the Trivascular Enovus graft. Deployment of the Trivascular graft may be accomplished through a delivery system that is considerably reduced in profile. The potential for percutaneous application of the graft may be available in the future. The indications for use of endovascular grafts as compared to standard open surgery have not yet been fully defined. Endovascular stent grafts in current use have limitations and their use must be tempered accordingly, until their long-term effectiveness is more completely evaluated. This article describes the general principles of use for endovascular devices for the repair of AAAs. It details the features and results for the devices in current use and highlights the factors that influence the selection of specific stent graft types. PMID:15758871

  5. Endovascular Treatment of Blunt Traumatic Abdominal Aortic Occlusion With Kissing Stent Placement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Blunt traumatic abdominal aortic dissection is extremely rare and potentially deadly. We present the case of a 62-year-old man involved in a frontal car crash. After emergency undergoing laparotomy for bowel injuries, he was referred to our hospital due to acute ischemia of bilateral lower extremities on day 3 after the trauma. Computed tomography and aortography showed an aortobiiliac dissection with complete occlusion. This injury was successfully treated by endovascular treatment with “kissing”-technique stent placement, which appears to be a safe, effective, and minimally invasive treatment.

  6. Our Experience with Endovascular Treatment of Abdominal Aorta Aneurysm with Talent Stent Grafting

    OpenAIRE

    Mašković, Josip; Koplić, Stevo; Bakotin, Tonka; Cambi-Sapunar, Liana; Radonić, Vedran; Batinić, Tonči; Borić, Teo; Barić, Dragan; Grbić, Željko; Opačak, Ratko; Štula, Ivana; Štambuk, Ivo

    2002-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of endovascular treatment of abdominal aorta aneurysm (AAA) with Talent stent-graft (TSG). From October 1999 to February 2002, 18 patients (17 male and one female) aged 65-77, with AAA >5 cm in diameter, were treated by bifurcated Talent stent grafting. In all patients, postinterventional CT was performed 24 hours after stent grafting. The sutures were removed on the seventh to ninth day after the procedure, and the patients were re...

  7. Endovascular Management of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: An 8-year Single-Centre Experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We aimed to review our experience with the endovascular treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (RAAA). During an 8-year period, 69 patients with a RAAA presented to our department; 67 underwent assessment by computed axial tomography, and 2 died on arrival before any evaluation was possible. A total of 42 patients (63%) were suitable for stent-grafting, and all but 1 (c-arm failure) proceeded to endovascular repair. Of these, 27 underwent surgery with local anaesthesia; 3 did so under general anaesthesia; and a further 11 procedures were commenced with the patient under local anaesthesia and then converted to general anaesthesia. A total of 28 bifurcated and 14 aorto-uni-iliac stent-grafts were implanted. Aortic occlusion balloons were used in 2 (5%) patients. The in-hospital and the 30-day mortality rates were 36% and 41%, respectively. After surgery, 21 complications were encountered in 17 patients. Two patients required reintervention during their hospital stay (1 type I endoleak and 1 limb occlusion). During the follow-up (median 730 days [range 90 to 580 days]), the 1-year and 5-year cumulative survival probabilities were 53% (SE 7.9%) and 50% (SE 8.0%), respectively. Three reinterventions were necessary during follow-up (2 type I endoleaks and 1 graft occlusion). We conclude that endovascular treatment is feasible in the emergency setting, and the early experience is promising. Whether such an approach is superior to open surgery remains to be determined.

  8. Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms in the Presence of a Transplanted Kidney

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silverberg, Daniel, E-mail: silverberg-d@msn.com; Yalon, Tal; Halak, Moshe [The Chaim Sheba Medical Center, The Department of Vascular Surgery (Israel)

    2015-08-15

    PurposeTo present our experience performing endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms in kidney transplanted patients.MethodsA retrospective review of all patients who underwent endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) performed at our institution from 2007 to 2014. We identified all patients who had previously undergone a kidney transplant. Data collected included: comorbidities, preoperative imaging modalities, indication for surgery, stent graft configurations, pre- and postoperative renal function, perioperative complications, and survival rates.ResultsA total of 267 EVARs were performed. Six (2 %) had a transplanted kidney. Mean age was 74 (range, 64–82) years; five were males. Mean time from transplantation to EVAR was 7.5 (range, 2–12) years. Five underwent preoperative planning with noncontrast modalities only. Devices used included bifurcated (n = 3), aortouniiliac (n = 2), and tube (n = 1) stent grafts. Technical success was achieved in all patients. None experienced deterioration in renal function. Median follow-up was 39 (range, 6–51) months. Four patients were alive at the time of the study. Two patients expired during the period of follow-up from unrelated causes.ConclusionsEVAR is an effective modality for the management of AAAs in the coexistence of a transplanted kidney. It can be performed with minimal morbidity and mortality without harming the transplanted kidney. Special consideration should be given to device configuration to minimize damage to the renal graft.

  9. Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms in the Presence of a Transplanted Kidney

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    PurposeTo present our experience performing endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms in kidney transplanted patients.MethodsA retrospective review of all patients who underwent endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) performed at our institution from 2007 to 2014. We identified all patients who had previously undergone a kidney transplant. Data collected included: comorbidities, preoperative imaging modalities, indication for surgery, stent graft configurations, pre- and postoperative renal function, perioperative complications, and survival rates.ResultsA total of 267 EVARs were performed. Six (2 %) had a transplanted kidney. Mean age was 74 (range, 64–82) years; five were males. Mean time from transplantation to EVAR was 7.5 (range, 2–12) years. Five underwent preoperative planning with noncontrast modalities only. Devices used included bifurcated (n = 3), aortouniiliac (n = 2), and tube (n = 1) stent grafts. Technical success was achieved in all patients. None experienced deterioration in renal function. Median follow-up was 39 (range, 6–51) months. Four patients were alive at the time of the study. Two patients expired during the period of follow-up from unrelated causes.ConclusionsEVAR is an effective modality for the management of AAAs in the coexistence of a transplanted kidney. It can be performed with minimal morbidity and mortality without harming the transplanted kidney. Special consideration should be given to device configuration to minimize damage to the renal graft

  10. Tratamiento endovascular de lesiones traumáticas de troncos supra aórticos Endovascular treatment of traumatic supra aortic trunk lesions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MICHEL BERGOEING R

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Las lesiones traumáticas de troncos supra aórticos (TSA tienen elevada morbimor-talidad, y su tratamiento presenta un desafío técnico. Las técnicas endovasculares se presentan como una alternativa atractiva y de menor riesgo para su solución efectiva. Objetivos: Evaluar los resultados del tratamiento endovascular de las lesiones de TSA. Material y Método: Se revisaron retrospectivamente todos los pacientes sometidos a tratamiento endovascular de lesiones de TSA. Resultados: Entre Marzo de 2000 y Agosto de 2009 se intervinieron 8 pacientes, 6 hombres, edad promedio 33,6 años. El mecanismo traumático fue contuso en 3 y penetrante en 5. Los vasos afectados fueron arteria subclavia en 5, tronco braquiocefálico en 2 y carótida común en uno. De los pacientes con lesión subclavia, tres presentaron compromiso de plexo braquial asociado. Siete pacientes fueron tratados con implante de endoprótesis y uno mediante embolización. Un paciente requirió un stent no cubierto para tratar el colapso parcial precoz de una endoprótesis. No hubo morbilidad neurológica de novo ni mortalidad operatoria. El seguimiento clínico promedio es 24,3 meses. Dos pacientes se perdieron al seguimiento. La permeabilidad primaria asistida es 100% a 21,9 meses. Conclusiones: El tratamiento endovascular de lesiones de TSA es efectivo, con baja morbimortalidad y con buena permeabilidad a mediano plazo.Introduction: Traumatic lesions of supra aortic trunks (SAT have an elevated morbidity and mortality, and its treatment is technically challenging. Endovascular techniques offer an effective solution with a lower risk, making it an attractive alternative. Objectives: Retrospective review of all the patients with SAT lesions treated with endovascular techniques. Results: Between March 2000 to August 2009, 8 patients were treated, 6 men, mean age 33.6 years. Three patients suffered blunt and 5 a penetrating trauma. The injured vessels were subclavian artery in 5, brachiocephalic trunk in two and common carotid in one. Of the 5 patients with subclavian artery injury, three had associated brachial plexus injury. Six patients were treated with an endo-graft and one with coil-embolization. One patient suffered an early partial collapse of his endograft, requiring an additional bare metal stent to maintain patency. In this series there was neither neurological morbidity nor operative mortality. Follow-up is 24.3 months, and primary assisted patency is 100% at 21.9 months with two patients lost to follow-up. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of SAT lesions is effective, showing low morbidity and mortality with a good mid-term patency.

  11. A Case Report of the Endovascular Treatment of Mycotic Abdominal Aortic Pseudoaneurysms Using a Customized Stent-Graft

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abdominal aortic aneurysms located around the major branch of the aorta were treated surgically rather than by endovascular treatment due to the complex anatomy. Recently, the treatment modality evolved towards a customized stent-graft. We report on a case of a mycotic pseudoaneurysm originating in the abdominal aorta at the level of superior mesenteric artery, which was treated with a customized stent-graft.

  12. Unusual perigraft abscess formation associated with stent graft infection after endovascular aortic repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: A case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Although a stent graft infection after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a rare complication, it carries a high mortality and morbidity rate. We report a rare case of stent graft infection that led to an unusual perigraft abscess formation without any associated aortoenteric fistula two years after the EVAR of AAA.

  13. Unusual perigraft abscess formation associated with stent graft infection after endovascular aortic repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Hyo Jin; Kim, Song Soo; Ahn, Moon Sang; Lee, Jae Hwan; Shin, Byung Seok; KIm, Jin Hwan [Chungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-03-15

    Although a stent graft infection after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a rare complication, it carries a high mortality and morbidity rate. We report a rare case of stent graft infection that led to an unusual perigraft abscess formation without any associated aortoenteric fistula two years after the EVAR of AAA.

  14. Abdominal aortic aneurysm calcification and thrombus volume are not associated with outcome following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aortic calcification and thrombus have been postulated to worsen outcome following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). The purpose of this study was to assess the association of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) calcification and thrombus volume with outcome following EVAR using a reproducible, quantifiable computed tomography (CT) assessment protocol. Patients with elective EVAR performed between January 2002 and 2012 at the Townsville Hospital, Mater Private Hospital (Townsville) and Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital (RBWH) were included if preoperative CTAs were available for analysis. AAA calcification and thrombus volume were measured using a semiautomated workstation protocol. Outcomes were assessed in terms of clinical failure, endoleak (type I, type II) and reintervention. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Median follow-up was 1.7 years and the interquartile range 1.0-3.8 years. One hundred thirty-four patients undergoing elective EVAR were included in the study. Rates of primary clinical success and freedom from reintervention were 82.8 % and 88.9 % at the 24-month follow-up. AAA calcification and thrombus volume were not associated with clinical failure, type I endoleak, type II endoleak or reintervention. AAA calcification and thrombus volume were not associated with poorer outcome after EVAR in this study. (orig.)

  15. Abdominal aortic aneurysm calcification and thrombus volume are not associated with outcome following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rai, Divyajeet; Velu, Ramesh; Tosenovsky, Patrik; Quigley, Francis [James Cook University, Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Townsville, Queensland (Australia); The Townsville Hospital, Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Douglas (Australia); Wisniowski, Brendan; Walker, Philip J. [James Cook University, Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Townsville, Queensland (Australia); University of Queensland, School of Medicine and Centre for Clinical Research, Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Brisbane and Women' s Hospital, Herston, QLD (Australia); Bradshaw, Barbara [James Cook University, Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Townsville, Queensland (Australia); Golledge, Jonathan [James Cook University, Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Townsville, Queensland (Australia); The Townsville Hospital, Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Douglas (Australia); University of Queensland, School of Medicine and Centre for Clinical Research, Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Brisbane and Women' s Hospital, Herston, QLD (Australia)

    2014-08-15

    Aortic calcification and thrombus have been postulated to worsen outcome following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). The purpose of this study was to assess the association of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) calcification and thrombus volume with outcome following EVAR using a reproducible, quantifiable computed tomography (CT) assessment protocol. Patients with elective EVAR performed between January 2002 and 2012 at the Townsville Hospital, Mater Private Hospital (Townsville) and Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital (RBWH) were included if preoperative CTAs were available for analysis. AAA calcification and thrombus volume were measured using a semiautomated workstation protocol. Outcomes were assessed in terms of clinical failure, endoleak (type I, type II) and reintervention. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Median follow-up was 1.7 years and the interquartile range 1.0-3.8 years. One hundred thirty-four patients undergoing elective EVAR were included in the study. Rates of primary clinical success and freedom from reintervention were 82.8 % and 88.9 % at the 24-month follow-up. AAA calcification and thrombus volume were not associated with clinical failure, type I endoleak, type II endoleak or reintervention. AAA calcification and thrombus volume were not associated with poorer outcome after EVAR in this study. (orig.)

  16. Tratamiento endovascular de una fuga paraprotésica mitral con dispositivo Amplatzer®

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Sciegata

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available El leak o fuga paraprotésica mitral se presenta entre el 5 y el 17% de los pacientes tratados con cirugía de reemplazo valvular. En general, los defectos son únicos, la mayoría se encuentran localizados en la región postero-medial del anillo valvular y solo la tercera parte produce reflujo de grado grave. El cierre percutáneo por vía endovascular es una alternativa terapéutica válida en pacientes con elevado riesgo para re-operación. La estrategia de abordaje depende de la localización, tamaño, morfología y relaciones adyacentes del o los defectos. El procedimiento debe ser realizado por profesionales con experiencia en el tratamiento de cardiopatías estructurales y en el manejo de estos dispositivos de cierre, y se considera imprescindible la utilización de un ecocardiograma transesofágico tridimensional. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con una fuga paraprotésica valvular mitral que fue cerrada con un dispositivo Amplatzer ® introducido en forma percutánea desde la vena femoral.

  17. Endovascular coil occlusion of 473 intracranial aneurysms: angiographic and clinical results Tratamiento endovascular de 473 aneurismas intracraneanos: resultados angiográficos y clínicos. Experiencia colombiana, 1996-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Alberto Herrera

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Endovascular therapy is a technique accepted throughout the world for the treatment of ruptured and non-ruptured intracranial aneurysms. In Colombia, however, no summary data have been published that validate the method in terms of occlusion grade and morbimortality.
    Objective. The clinical and angiographic outcomes were evaluated for endovascular embolization of 473 intracranial aneurysms treated during a 12 year time interval.
    Materials and methods. Between 1996-2008, 473 intracranial aneurysms treated by an endovascular approach were included in the current retrospective study. Pre and postprocedural angiographic images were analyzed, and clinical outcome was recorded according to the Glasgow coma scale. Immediate angiographic results and morbimortality were evaluated.
    Results. The technical feasibility of the procedure was 96.8%. According to Hunt and Hess scale, 8.7% patients were classified as grade I, 35.7% grade II, 19.2% grade III and 7.8% grades IV/V. Non-ruptured aneurysms had occurred in 28.5% of patients. Immediate procedural angiography demonstrated total occlusion in 69.6%, neck remnant in 17.5% and partial or failed occlusion in 16.1%. Global mortality was 10.4% and procedural mortality was 1.5%. Technique-associated complications presented in 7.6% of treated aneurysms.
    Conclusion. Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms was associated with low morbimortality and high technical feasibility. The results are comparable with other published data summaries and supporting the use of the method in Colombia.
    Introducción. La terapia endovascular es una técnica aceptada mundialmente para el tratamiento de aneurismas cerebrales rotos y no rotos. En nuestro medio no hay grandes series publicadas que permitan comprobar la reproducibilidad del método según el grado de oclusión y la morbimortalidad de la técnica.
    Objetivo. Evaluar los resultados angiográficos y clínicos de la oclusión endovascular de 473 aneurismas intracraneanos tratados durante un período de 12 años.
    Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo en 376 pacientes con 473 aneurismas intracraneanos tratados por terapia endovascular entre los años 1996 y 2008. Se analizaron las imágenes angiográficas antes del procedimiento y después de él y se registró el estado clínico al momento de ser dado de alta, según la escala de coma de Glasgow. Se evalúo la morbimortalidad asociada con la técnica y los resultados angiográficos inmediatos.
    Resultados. La factibilidad técnica del procedimiento fue de 96,8%. Según la escala de Hunt y Hess, al momento de la admisión, 8,7% de los pacientes estaban en el grado I, 35,7% en el grado II, 19,2% en el grado III y 7,8% en los grados IV o V. El 28,5% de los pacientes tenían aneurismas no rotos. Los resultados angiográficos inmediatos demostraron oclusión total en 69,6%, presencia de cuello remanente en 17,5% y oclusión parcial o fallida en 16,1% de los pacientes con "embolización". La mortalidad global fue de 10,4%, con una mortalidad del procedimiento de 1,5%. Se presentaron complicaciones asociadas con la técnica en 7,6% de los aneurismas tratados.
    Conclusión. El tratamiento endovascular de los aneurismas intracraneanos se asoció con una baja morbimortalidad y una gran factibilidad técnica. Los resultados fueron similares a diversas series publicadas en la literatura mundial, respaldando la reproducibilidad del método en nuestro medio.

  18. Endovascular stent-graft placement and secondary intervention for abdominal aortic aneurysm in a patient who had a previously inserted iliac stent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jeon, Yong Sun; Cho, Soon Gu; Hong, Kee Chun [Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-04-15

    Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm is associated with low morbidity and mortality rates when compared to open surgery, and this can be used in patients who are at a high risk for open surgical repair. Also, secondary intervention is an important for achieving intermediate and long term success of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm as this can resolve complications. We report here on endovascular stent-graft placement and a secondary interventional procedure in the abdominal aortic aneurysm of a patient who had a previously inserted iliac stent.

  19. Open versus endovascular stent graft repair for abdominal aortic aneurysms: an historical view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutherford, Robert B

    2012-03-01

    Development of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysms repair (EVAR), now in its 4th decade, has involved at least 16 different devices, not counting major modifications of some, only 4 of which have emerged from clinical trials and gained US Food and Drug Administration approval. The main impetus behind EVAR has been its potential for significantly reducing procedural mortality and morbidity, but it was also expected to speed recovery and reduce costs through decreased use of hospital resources. At the outset, EVAR was touted as a better alternative to OPEN in high-risk patients with large abdominal aortic aneurysms, and to "watchful waiting" (periodic ultrasound surveillance) for those with small abdominal aortic aneurysms. This new technology has evoked a mixed response with enthusiasts and detractors debating its pros and cons. Bias and conflict of interest exist on both sides. This review will attempt to present a balanced review of the development and current status of this controversial competition between EVAR and OPEN, comparing them in terms of the following key considerations: mortality and morbidity, complications, failure modes and durability, and costs. PMID:22595481

  20. Endovascular stent graft repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms: Current status and future directions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhonghua Sun

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Endovascular stent graft repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA has undergone rapid developments since it was introduced in the early 1990s. Two main types of aortic stent grafts have been developed and are currently being used in clinical practice to deal with patients with complicated or unsuitable aneurysm necks, namely, suprarenal and fenestrated stent grafts. Helical computed tomography angiography has been widely recognized as the method of choice for both pre-operative planning and post-operative follow-up of endovascular repair (EVAR. In addition to 2D axial images, a number of 2D and 3D reconstructions are generated to provide additional information about imaging of the stent grafts in relation to the aortic aneurysm diameter and extent, encroachment of stent wires to the renal artery ostium and position of the fenestrated vessel stents. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of applications of EVAR of AAA and diagnostic applications of 2D and 3D image visualizations in the assessment of treatment outcomes of EVAR. Interference of stent wires with renal blood flow from the hemodynamic point of view will also be discussed, and future directions explored.

  1. Management of hypogastric artery in endovascular exclusion for type II C abdominal aortic aneurysm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To summarize our experiences of management for hypogastric artery in endovascular exclusion (EVE) for type II C abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Methods: From March, 1997 to October, 2002, endovascular exclusions were performed on 42 cases of type II C AAAs. Among them, the unilateral iliac bifurcations of 23 cases and the bilateral iliac bifurcations of 19 cases were involved. Various techniques, including the preservation of contralateral hypogastric artery, reconstruction of unilateral hypogastric artery and extra-artery ligation, were applied according to the different conditions of common iliac artery involved. Results: The procedures were technically successful in 41 patients (97.6%) without presence of obvious type I endoleak. Buttock pain occurred in 3 cases (7.5%), and bloody faeces in 2 cases (5.0%), but without buttock and colorectal necrosis. Conclusions: EVE is an effective method for type II C AAA. It is important to preserve the unilateral hypogastric artery, and avoid to occlude the bilateral hypogastric artery as well as possible

  2. Synchronous colorectal malignancy and abdominal aortic aneurysm treated with endovascular aneurysm repair followed by laparoscopic colectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawai, Kazushige; Sunami, Eiji; Tanaka, Junichiro; Tanaka, Toshiaki; Kiyomatsu, Tomomichi; Nozawa, Hiroaki; Kazama, Shinsuke; Kanazawa, Takamitsu; Hosaka, Akihiro; Ishihara, Soichiro; Yamaguchi, Hironori; Shigematsu, Kunihiro; Watanabe, Toshiaki

    2015-04-01

    Although the incidence of synchronous abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and malignancies is increasing, there has been no clear consensus in the surgical treatment of such patients. The focus on surgical treatments with minimal invasiveness, such as endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for AAA and laparoscopic colectomy for colorectal cancer, has increased; however, the clinical applicability of combination treatment with EVAR and laparoscopic colectomy has not been established. A 61-year-old man was diagnosed with AAA, advanced sigmoid colon cancer, and coronary artery stenosis. Because the patient also had chronic renal failure with nephrotic syndrome, among several other comorbidities, surgery was considered to be associated with high risks in this patent. Sequential treatments with percutaneous coronary intervention, EVAR, and laparoscopic colectomy were successfully performed. Staged treatment of EVAR followed by laparoscopic colectomy may be a promising strategy for high-risk patients with AAA associated with malignancy. PMID:25875539

  3. Management of endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm with neck bigger than sixty degrees

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the possibility and the feasibility of endovascular exclusion (EVE) in treating abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and expanding its application extent. Methods: Perform a modified technical procedure for AAA with neck bigger than sixty degree through bundle up or put in Cuff manoeuvre and follow by EVE. Results: AAA with neck bigger than sixty degree are completely excluded after the procedure revealing under color duplex scan, CTA, MRA with confirmations of the stent stability torsionlessness and no endo-leak. Conclusions: It is a safe, feasible method for EVE to treat AAA with neck bigger than sixty degree. Its characteristic mini-trauma is specially suitable for the old and weak patients

  4. Doses to patients and staff from endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms - Preliminary results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Patient radiation doses received during endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) can be significant and give rise to both deterministic and stochastic effects. Recording of dose-area product (DAP), fluoroscopy time and number of exposures together with calculations of effective dose, were performed for 8 patients. In addition, the entrance surface dose was measured for 3 of the patients. Typically, DAPs of 340 Gycm2, fluoroscopy times of 30 minutes and 310 exposures were obtained together with maximum entrance surface doses of 1,8 Gy and effective doses of 50 mSv. Finger doses to the staff performing the procedure were in the order of a few hundred μSv. Conversion factors (effective dose/DAP) and (maximum entrance surface does/DAP) of 0,61·10-2 Gy/Gycm2 and 0,15 mSv/Gycm2 were obtained, respectively. (author)

  5. Penetrating Atherosclerotic Ulcer of the Abdominal Aorta Involving the Celiac Trunk Origin and Superior Mesenteric Artery Occlusion: Endovascular Treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We describe a case of endovascular treatment in a 64-year-old woman affected by a penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer (PAU) of the abdominal aorta with a 26-mm pseudoaneurysm involving the celiac trunk (CT) origin and with superior mesenteric artery (SMA) occlusion in the first 30 mm. The patient underwent stenting to treat the SMA occlusion and subsequent deployment of a custom-designed fenestrated endovascular stent-graft to treat the PAU involving the CT origin. Follow-up at 6 months after device placement demonstrated no complications, and there was complete thrombosis of the PAU and patency of the two branch vessels.

  6. Tratamiento endovascular y trombólisis intraarterial en el ictus isquémico agudo Endovascular treatment and intra-arterial thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Escudero

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Analizar la eficacia y la seguridad de la trombólisis intraarterial y el tratamiento endovascular en pacientes con ictus isquémico agudo. Diseño y ámbito: Estudio prospectivo observacional en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Pacientes: Dieciséis pacientes recibieron tratamiento endovascular. Se recogieron datos epidemiológicos, localización de la oclusión arterial, tiempo desde el ictus al tratamiento, indicación del tratamiento, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale al ingreso y al alta hospitalaria, y complicaciones y evolución funcional por escala de Rankin modificada realizada mediante una encuesta telefónica. Resultados: Diez varones, con una edad media de 59 años (29-74 y una estancia media en la unidad de cuidados intensivos de 6 días (1-33. Siete pacientes requirieron ventilación mecánica. Indicación del tratamiento: 4 casos por fracaso de la trombólisis intravenosa, 5 por oclusión de gran vaso, 2 por estar fuera de la ventana terapéutica, 3 por oclusión de la circulación posterior, uno por estar fuera de la ventana terapéutica y tener, además, una oclusión de gran vaso y uno por contraindicación para la trombólisis intravenosa. Localización de la oclusión: 3 en la circulación posterior y 13 en el territorio carotídeo y sus ramas. El fibrinolítico utilizado fue uroquinasa en dosis de 100.000-600.000 UI. Cuatro pacientes requirieron embolectomía mecánica y 10, implantación de stent. Se obtuvo recanalización completa en 11 pacientes (69% y parcial en 4 (25%. Tres pacientes evolucionaron a muerte encefálica. Seis pacientes (46% tuvieron una buena recuperación (escala de Rankin modificada 10 -tiempo de evolución de 3-6h-, y contraindicacio'n para la trombólisis intravenosa y la oclusión arterial proximal.Objective: Analysis of the safety and efficacy of intra-arterial thrombolysis therapy and endovascular treatment in acute ischemic stroke. Design and area: An observational prospective study in the Intensive Care Unit. Patients and methods: 16 patients had endovascular treatment. Epidemiological data, arterial occlusion site, time between stroke onset and treatment, treatment indication, NIHSS scale at admission and discharge from hospital, complications and functional outcome measured by modified Rankin scale (obtained by telephone survey were collected. Results: Ten male patients with a mean age of 59 years (29-74 were included. The mean stay in the ICU was 6 days (1-33. Seven patients required mechanical ventilation. Treatment indications were: intravenous thrombolysis failure in 4 patients, major vessel occlusion in 5, outside of the therapeutic window in 2, posterior circulation occlusion in 3, outside of the therapeutic window plus major vessel occlusion in 1 and intravenous thrombolysis contraindication in 1. The occlusion site was on posterior circulation in 3 and on carotid territories and branches in 13. Thrombolytic treatment used was Urokinase at a dose of 100,000-600,000IU. Four patients required mechanical embolectomy and 10 stent implantation. Complete recanalization was observed in 11 (69% and partial in 4 (25%. Three evolved to brain death. Six patients (46% had a favorable outcome (modified Rankin scale score 10, evolution time between 3-6h, intravenous thrombolysis contraindication and proximal arterial occlusion.

  7. Tratamiento endovascular del síndrome de vena cava superior Endovascular treatment of superior vena cava syndrome

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    Michel Bergoeing R

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS is caused by the obstruction of venous drainage from the upper portion of the body. Common clinical findings are headache and cervical, facial and upper limb edema. Occasionally, clouding of consciousness appears. Aim: to report our experience with endovascular treatment of SVCS. Material and methods: Retrospective review of all patients with SVCS subjected to endovascular treatment between 1999 and 2005. Results: Eight patients were treated, all of them with malignancies. Six had a benign obstruction due to the presence of a chemotherapy catheter located in the superior vena cava, one had obstruction secondary to radiation therapy and one a tumor compression of the superior vena cava. Two patients underwent thrombolytic therapy. Angioplasty and stenting was performed in all patients. The chemotherapy catheter was removed to all patients and installed again in one. One patient had a hemothorax secondary to a simultaneous needle lung biopsy under video thoracoscopy. No patient died in relation to the procedure. Congestive signs and symptoms subsided in all patients within 24 hours after the procedure. During follow up, only one patient had symptoms related to vena cava obstruction and three died due to their malignant tumor. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of SVCS has a low rate of complications and provides immediate and mid-term symptom relief

  8. Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Single Center Experience in 122 Patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Yun Young; Song, Jang Hyeon; Kim, Yong Tae; Yim, Nam Yeol; Kim, Jae Kyu; Lee, Ho Kyun; Choi, Soo Jin Na; Chung, Sang Young [Dept. of Radiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Chonnam National University School of Medicine, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Soo Hyun; Chang, Nam Kyu [Dept. of Radiology, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Chonnam National University School of Medicine, Hwasun (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-02-15

    To analyze a single center experience of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms. Results of 122 patients who underwent EVAR were analyzed, retrospectively. Sex, age, aneurysmal morphology, hostile neck anatomy, preprocedural and postprocedural sac-diameter, technical and clinical success, postprocedural complication and need of additional procedure were analyzed. A total of 111 male and 11 female patients were included. Morphology of the aneurysms was as follows: fusiform (n = 108), saccular (n = 3) and ruptured type (n = 11). Sixty-four patients had hostile neck anatomy. The preprocedural mean sac-diameter was 52.4 mm. Postprocedural sac-diameter was decreased or stable in 110 patients (90.2%) and increased in 8 patients (6.6%). Technical success rate was 100% and clinical success rate was 86.1%. Fifty-one patients showed endoleak (41.8%) and 15 patients (12.3%) underwent secondary intervention due to type I endoleak (n = 4), type II endoleak (n = 4) and stent-graft thrombosis (n = 7). EVAR is a safe and effective therapy for abdominal aortic aneurysm, and it has high technical success and clinical success rate, and low complication rate.

  9. Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Single Center Experience in 122 Patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To analyze a single center experience of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms. Results of 122 patients who underwent EVAR were analyzed, retrospectively. Sex, age, aneurysmal morphology, hostile neck anatomy, preprocedural and postprocedural sac-diameter, technical and clinical success, postprocedural complication and need of additional procedure were analyzed. A total of 111 male and 11 female patients were included. Morphology of the aneurysms was as follows: fusiform (n = 108), saccular (n = 3) and ruptured type (n = 11). Sixty-four patients had hostile neck anatomy. The preprocedural mean sac-diameter was 52.4 mm. Postprocedural sac-diameter was decreased or stable in 110 patients (90.2%) and increased in 8 patients (6.6%). Technical success rate was 100% and clinical success rate was 86.1%. Fifty-one patients showed endoleak (41.8%) and 15 patients (12.3%) underwent secondary intervention due to type I endoleak (n = 4), type II endoleak (n = 4) and stent-graft thrombosis (n = 7). EVAR is a safe and effective therapy for abdominal aortic aneurysm, and it has high technical success and clinical success rate, and low complication rate.

  10. Outcomes and Prognostic Factors of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in Patients with Hostile Neck Anatomy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Hye Doo; Lee, Yun Young; Lee, Seung Jin; Yim, Nam Yeol; Kim, Jae Kyu; Choi, Soo Jin Na; Jung, Sang Young [Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Chang, Nam Kyu [Dept. of Radiology, St. Carollo Hospital, Suncheon (Korea, Republic of); Lim, Jae Hoon [Dept. of Radiology, Donggunsan Hospital, Gunsan (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-09-15

    To evaluate the outcomes and find the prognostic factors of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) in patients with hostile neck anatomy of the abdominal aorta. This study was performed on 100 patients with abdominal aneurysm who were treated with EVAR between March 2006 and December 2010. We divided the patients into two groups: good neck anatomy (GNA), and hostile neck anatomy (HNA) and then compared the primary success rate and the incidence rate of complications with EVAR between the two groups. Our aim was to determine the factors related to the complications of EVAR among HNA types. There were no significant differences of primary success rate and incidence rate of complications between the two groups. Among the types of HNA, the short neck angle [odd ratio (OR), 4.23; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.21-18.70; p = 0.023] and large neck angle (OR, 2.58; 95% CI, 0.15-11.85; p = 0.031) showed a low primary success rate. The short neck angle (OR, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.18-12.29; p = 0.002) and large neck angle (OR, 4.67; 95% CI, 0.14-19.07; p = 0.032) showed a high incidence rate of early type 1 complication. In the case of the large neck angle (OR, 3.78; 95% CI, 0.96-20.80; p = 0.047), the large neck thrombus (OR, 2.23; 95% CI, 0.24-7.12; p = 0.035) and large neck calcification (OR, 2.50; 95% CI, 0.08-18.37; p 0.043) showed a high incidence rate of complications within a year. The results suggest that patients with hostile neck anatomy can be treated with EVAR successfully, although there was a higher incidence of complications in patients with a short neck length, severe neck angulation, circumferential thrombosis, and calcified proximal neck.

  11. Low-dose multidetector-row CT-angiography of abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular repair

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iezzi, R., E-mail: iezzir@virgilio.it [Department of Bioimaging and Radiological Sciences, Institute of Radiology, ' A. Gemelli' Hospital - Catholic University, L.go A Gemelli 8, 00168 Rome (Italy); Department of Clinical Science and Bioimaging, Section of Radiology, University ' G. D' Annunzio' , Chieti (Italy); Cotroneo, A.R.; Giammarino, A. [Department of Clinical Science and Bioimaging, Section of Radiology, University ' G. D' Annunzio' , Chieti (Italy); Spigonardo, F. [Department of Vascular Surgery, University ' G. D' Annunzio' , Chieti (Italy); Storto, M.L. [Department of Clinical Science and Bioimaging, Section of Radiology, University ' G. D' Annunzio' , Chieti (Italy)

    2011-07-15

    Purpose: To investigate the possibility of reducing radiation dose exposure while maintaining image quality using multidetector computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) with high-concentration contrast media in patients undergoing follow-up after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) to treat abdominal aortic aneurysm. Materials and methods: In this prospective, single center, intra-individual study, patients underwent two consecutive MDCTA scans 6 months apart, one with a standard acquisition protocol (130 mAs/120 kV) and 120 mL of iomeprol 300, and one using a low dose protocol (100 mAs/80 kV) and 90 mL of iomeprol 400. Images acquired during the arterial phase of contrast enhancement were evaluated both qualitatively and quantitatively for image noise and intraluminal contrast enhancement. Results: Thirty adult patients were prospectively enrolled. Statistically significantly higher attenuation values were measured in the low-dose acquisition protocol compared to the standard protocol, from the suprarenal abdominal aorta to the common femoral artery (p < 0.0001; all vascular segments). Qualitatively, image quality was judged significantly (p = 0.0002) better with the standard protocol than with the low-dose protocol. However, no significant differences were found between the two protocols in terms of contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) (13.63 {+-} 6.97 vs. 11.48 {+-} 8.13; p = 0.1058). An overall dose reduction of up to 74% was observed for the low-dose protocol compared with the standard protocol. Conclusion: In repeat follow-up examinations of patients undergoing EVAR for abdominal aortic aneurysm, a low-dose radiation exposure acquisition protocol provides substantially reduced radiation exposure while maintaining a constant CNR and good image quality.

  12. Unfavorable iliac artery anatomy causing access limitations during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: application of the endoconduit technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Gibin Jaldin

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR is already considered the first choice treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA. Several different strategies have been used to address limitations to arterial access caused by unfavorable iliac artery anatomy. The aim of this report is to illustrate the advantages and limitations of each option and present the results of using the internal endoconduit technique and the difficulties involved.

  13. Open Repair of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: The Suitability of Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Does Not Influence Operative Mortality

    OpenAIRE

    Yoon, Hye Young; Cho, Jayun; Song, Incheol; KIM, HYUNG-KEE; Huh, Seung

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: We analyze the outcomes of open repair (OR) in patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (RAAA) according to the anatomic suitability for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Materials and Methods: We reviewed retrospectively all consecutive RAAA patients who underwent OR from January 2005 to March 2014. All suspected patients underwent preoperative computed tomography (CT). Outcomes were major morbidities and mortality. Multivariate analysis was performed by using logistic re...

  14. Anatomical Features and Early Outcomes of Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm from a Korean Multicenter Registry

    OpenAIRE

    Kwon, Hyunwook; Lee, Do Yun; Choi, Soo Jin Na; Park, Ki Hyuk; Min, Seung-Kee; Chang, Jeong-Hwan; Huh, Seung; Jeon, Yong Sun; Won, Jehwan; Byun, Seung Jae; Park, Sang Jun; Jang, Lee Chan; Kwon, Tae-Won

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: To introduce a nation-based endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) registry in South Korea and to analyze the anatomical features and early clinical outcomes of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in patients who underwent EVAR. Materials and methods: The Korean EVAR registry (KER) was a template-based online registry developed and established in 2009. The KER recruited 389 patients who underwent EVAR from 13 medical centers in South Korea from January 2010 to June 2010. We retrospectively...

  15. Embolization by micro navigation for treatment of persistent type 2 Endoleaks after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruno Lorenção de Almeida

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background:Endovascular repair has become established as a safe and effective method for treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms. One major complication of this treatment is leakage, or endoleaks, of which type 2 leaks are the most common.Objective:To conduct a brief review of the literature and evaluate the safety and effectiveness of embolization by micronavigation for treatment of type 2 endoleaks.Method:A review of medical records from patients who underwent endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms identified 5 patients with persistent type 2 endoleaks. These patients were submitted to embolization by micronavigation.Results:In all cases, angiographic success was achieved and control CT scans showed absence of type 2 leaks and aneurysm sacs that had reduced in size after the procedure.Conclusion:Treatment of type 2 endoleaks using embolization by micronavigation is an effective and safe method and should be considered as a treatment option for this complication after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms.

  16. Manejo del aneurisma de la aorta abdominal: Estado actual, evidencias y perspectivas para el desarrollo de un programa nacional Open and endovascular surgery for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurism: Review of the available evidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leopoldo Mariné M

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Open and endovascular surgery are therapeutic alternatives for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurism. The development of guidelines for its treatment requires a thorough analysis of available evidence to recommend the best treatment for each country's reality. Prospective randomized trials have shown best initial results with endovascular surgery, with higher hospital costs than open surgery. The requirement of anatomical suitability for the placement of endovascular prostheses limits the universal use of endovascular surgery. Moreover, this type of surgery needs a strict imaging and clinical follow up due to the high rates of late complications, which range from 20% to 40%. Many of these complications require further surgical interventions, elevating costs of treatment. The initial benefit of endovascular surgery is lost during long follow up as survival curves become similar to those of open surgery. Even for patients with a high surgical risk, the benefits of endovascular surgery are doubtful.

  17. Tratamiento endovascular de las patologías de aorta -Estado del arte-: Parte 2 - Patologías de la aorta torácica y otras aplicaciones Endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies -State of the art-: Part 2 - Pathologies of thoracic aorta and other applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos E Uribe

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad, el tratamiento endovascular de las patologías de aorta es una alternativa a la cirugía abierta. Éste ha demostrado ser seguro ya que arroja resultados iguales o superiores que el grupo quirúrgico. En este artículo se presenta el estado actual del tratamiento con endoprótesis de las patologías de aorta, así como las indicaciones, las contraindicaciones y el futuro del tratamiento con este tipo de dispositivos.Endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies is actually an alternative to open surgery. It has proven to be safe, showing similar or better results to those achieved by surgery. In this article, treatment of aortic pathologies by means of endoprosthesis is presented, as well as its indications, contraindications and future treatment with this kind of devices.

  18. Endovascular therapy of abdominal aortic aneurysm: results of a mid-term follow-up

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prospective study to evaluate clinical results and complications of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment in a mid-term follow-up. Materials and methods: A total of 122 patients (9 females, 113 males, average age 70.0±7,9 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with stent grafts (53 Vanguard or Stentor endografts, 69 Talent endografts). Group I consisted of 40 patients who had all aortic tributaries of the aneurysm sac occluded prior to endovalscular grafting, either spontaneously by parietal thrombosis or by selective coil embolization of the respective ostia preserving collateral circulation distal to the vessel occlusion. Group II consisted of 82 patients and included all cases without or with incomplete coil embolization with at least one patent vessel. Stent grafting was performed in general anesthesia in the first 21 patients, followed by peridural anesthesia in 15 cases, and local anesthesia with conscious sedation in 86 cases. The results were evaluated with Spiral-CT, MRI and radiographs of the endovascular graft, with follow-up examinations obtained at 3, 6, 12 months, and every year - Implantation was successfully completed in all cases without primary conversion surgery, laparotomy or any significant complication. Mean follow-up was 29±21 months (maximum 82 months). The 30-day mortality was 0,8% due to a myocardial infarction 3 days after discharge from the hospital. A total of 47 re-interventions were performed in 29 patients (23.8%), with 35 re-interventions in 18 cases with Vanguard or Stentor endografts and 12 re-interventions in 11 patients with Talent endografts. 23 percutaneous re-interventions included distal graft extension (n=11), Wallstent for kinking and limb stenosis (n=3), and secondary coil embolization of collateral vessels (n=9). 24 surgical re-interventions included proximal graft extension (n=6), new endovascular grafts (n=3), surgical clipping of lumbar and mesenteric artery branches for type-II endoleaks following ineffective secondary coil embolization (n=1), and femorofemoral crossover bypasses (n=4). A total of 10 secondary conversion operations were performed because of damage to the membrane (n=4; 3 Vanguard endografts, 1 Talent endograft), significant caudal migrations (n=5; 4 Vanguard endografts, 1 Talent endograft) associated with type-I endoleaks (n=2), limb occlusion (n=1), disconnection of graft components (n=1), and significant endoluminal thrombus deposits (n=1). One patient, who was followed for 82 months, suffered from a significant endoleak for 10 months with increasing aneurysm diameter but he refused surgery. He was admitted with aneurysm perforation and was successfully operated with aortic graft replacement. Compared to group II, the incidence and size of endoleaks was reduced in group I (incidence 19.2% versus 29.9%, p<0.05). Group I demonstrated significantly better aneurysm shrinkage at 36 months follow-up (? sagittal diameter -11.1±8.4 mm versus -4.9±6.2 mm, p<0.05). (orig.)

  19. Sac Angiography and Glue Embolization in Emergency Endovascular Aneurysm Repair for Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koike, Yuya, E-mail: r06118@hotmail.co.jp; Nishimura, Jun-ichi, E-mail: jun-ichi-n@nifty.com; Hase, Soichiro, E-mail: haseman@hotmail.co.jp; Yamasaki, Motoshige, E-mail: genyamasaki@gmail.com [Kawasaki Saiwai Hospital, Department of Interventional Radiology (Japan)

    2015-04-15

    PurposeThe purpose of this study was to demonstrate a sac angiography technique and evaluate the feasibility of N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) embolization of the ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) sac in emergency endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in hemodynamically unstable patients.MethodsA retrospective case series of three patients in whom sac angiography was performed during emergency EVAR for ruptured AAA was reviewed. After stent graft deployment, angiography within the sac of aneurysm (sac angiography) was performed by manually injecting 10 ml of contrast material through a catheter to identify the presence and site of active bleeding. In two patients, sac angiography revealed active extravasation of the contrast material, and NBCA embolization with a coaxial catheter system was performed to achieve prompt sealing.ResultsSac angiography was successful in all three patients. In the two patients who underwent NBCA embolization for aneurysm sac bleeding, follow-up computed tomography (CT) images demonstrated the accumulation of NBCA consistent with the bleeding site in preprocedural CT images.ConclusionsEVAR is associated with a potential risk of ongoing bleeding from type II or IV endoleaks into the disrupted aneurysm sac in patients with severe coagulopathy. Therefore, sac angiography and NBCA embolization during emergency EVAR may represent a possible technical improvement in the treatment of ruptured AAA in hemodynamically unstable patients.

  20. Sac Angiography and Glue Embolization in Emergency Endovascular Aneurysm Repair for Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    PurposeThe purpose of this study was to demonstrate a sac angiography technique and evaluate the feasibility of N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) embolization of the ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) sac in emergency endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in hemodynamically unstable patients.MethodsA retrospective case series of three patients in whom sac angiography was performed during emergency EVAR for ruptured AAA was reviewed. After stent graft deployment, angiography within the sac of aneurysm (sac angiography) was performed by manually injecting 10 ml of contrast material through a catheter to identify the presence and site of active bleeding. In two patients, sac angiography revealed active extravasation of the contrast material, and NBCA embolization with a coaxial catheter system was performed to achieve prompt sealing.ResultsSac angiography was successful in all three patients. In the two patients who underwent NBCA embolization for aneurysm sac bleeding, follow-up computed tomography (CT) images demonstrated the accumulation of NBCA consistent with the bleeding site in preprocedural CT images.ConclusionsEVAR is associated with a potential risk of ongoing bleeding from type II or IV endoleaks into the disrupted aneurysm sac in patients with severe coagulopathy. Therefore, sac angiography and NBCA embolization during emergency EVAR may represent a possible technical improvement in the treatment of ruptured AAA in hemodynamically unstable patients

  1. Endovascular Treatment of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Lesions With or Without Common Iliac Artery Involvement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oender, Hakan, E-mail: drhakanonder@hotmail.com [Dicle University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Oguzkurt, Levent [Baskent University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Guer, Serkan [Sifa University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Tekbas, Gueven [Dicle University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Guerel, Kamil [Abant Izzet Baysal University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Coskun, Isa [Baskent University Medical Faculty, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Turkey); Oezkan, Ugur [Baskent University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey)

    2013-02-15

    To evaluate the results of stent placement for obstructive atherosclerotic aortic disease with or without involvement of the common iliac artery. Forty patients had self-expanding stents primarily or after balloon dilatation in the abdominal aorta between January 2005 and May 2011. All patients had trouble walking. Follow-up examinations were performed with clinical visits; these included color Doppler ultrasonography and computed tomographic angiography. Technical, clinical, and hemodynamic success was achieved in all patients. None of the patients underwent reintervention during the follow-up period, which ranged from 3 months to 6 years (median 24 months). Nine complications occurred in six patients. Of the nine complications, four were distal thromboembolisms, which were successfully treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis or anticoagulation therapy. Endovascular treatment of the obstructive aortic disease using self-expanding stents was safe and effective, with high technical success and long-term patency. Thromboembolic complications were high even though direct stenting was considered protective for thromboembolism formation. Particularly for infrarenal aortic stenosis, it can be recommended as the first-line treatment option for patients with obstructive atherosclerotic aortic disease.

  2. Antiplatelet treatment and prothrombotic diathesis following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trellopoulos, G; Georgiadis, G S; Nikolopoulos, E S; Kapoulas, K C; Georgakarakos, E I; Lazarides, M K

    2014-10-01

    Prothrombotic diathesis expressed by elevated levels of coagulation-specific biomarkers has been reported in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and after AAA endovascular repair (EVAR). This study investigates the effect of antiplatelet agents (APLs) on the prothrombotic diathesis in the post-EVAR period. Forty elective EVAR patients had thrombin-antithrombin complex, d-dimer, fibrinopeptide A, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein measured before, at 24 hours, 1 month, and 6 months after EVAR. Patients receiving APLs postoperatively were compared with those not receiving APLs. All biomarkers were above the normal limits preoperatively and increased significantly 24 hours postoperatively followed by a drop at 1 and 6 months. No statistically significant changes were noted among patients receiving APLs in comparison with those not receiving APLs. The preoperative and postoperative prothrombotic diathesis of AAA following EVAR was confirmed in line with other reports. There was however no significant alteration of the examined biomarkers in patients receiving APLs. PMID:24101707

  3. Reparación endovascular de Aneurisma aórtico abdominal: Estudio piloto de endoprótesis Ovation™. Resultados comparativos Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: comparative results of a pilot study using the Ovation™ prosthesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Valdés

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Las endoprótesis actuales para tratar aneurismas aórticos (AAA requieren introductores de alto diámetro (18-25F y se sustentan excluyendo el aneurisma, mediante la fuerza radial de stents metálicos. Objetivo: prótesis Ovation™ (TriVascular, EEUU con aquellas disponibles en el mercado. Material y Método: Entre Noviembre 2009 y Agosto 2010 tratamos 47 AAA. En 10 pacientes usamos Ovation™ (Grupo 1. Grupo Control (2: diez pacientes tratados contemporáneamente con endoprótesis comerciales. Ovation™ es tri-modular, de PTFE y nitinol con un stent barbado para fijación supra-renal. Sella bajo las arterias renales mediante 2 anillos llenados con un polímero durante el implante. Usa introductor 13-15F. Usa-Philips-Allura (Best, Holanda. Comparamos: duración del procedimiento, hospitalización y complicaciones. Utilizamos test de Fisher exacto y t de student no pareado. Resultados: Éxito técnico 100%. Sin diferencia entre grupos (edad, sexo, tamaño AAA, riesgo ASA, laboratorio preoperatorio. Tiempo operatorio (hrs: 2,12 ± 0,7 vs. 2,0 ± 0,6 (NS. Estadía postoperatoria (hrs: 44,5 ± 10,7 vs 49,5 ± 32,0 (NS. El cuello del AAA y la permanencia en UTI fueron más cortos en grupo 1 (p= 0,035 y 0,0451. Seguimiento (4,5-12 meses sin eventos adversos, endofugas tipo I ni III, ni re-intervenciones. Conclusiones: Los resultados con Ovation™ a corto plazo son comparables con los de otras endoprótesis, cumpliendo con estándares de eficacia y seguridad. Ovation ™ navega por vasos pequeños, permite un despliegue preciso y sellado efectivo en cuellos > 7 mm, ampliando el tratamiento endovascular del AAA.Background. Current endografts used in treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA, use large (18-25F delivery systems. Graft fixation and aneurysm sealing is obtained by a proximal stent, requiring an aortic neck >15 mm. Objective. To compare the efficacy and safety of Ovation™ endograft (TriVascular, USA with standard endografts. Methods. Between November 2009 and August 2010 we treated 47 AAA. In 10 patients we used Ovation™ (Group 1. Ten patients treated during the same period with commercially available endografts were used as controls (Group (2. The Ovation™ endo-prosthesis is tri-modular, made of PTFE andnitinol with low profile (13-15F and has a barbed suprarenal stent for fixation. Sealing is obtained independently through 2 inflatable rings filled with a biocompatible polymer during the procedure. Implantation followed the standard procedure through femoral exposure, using the Philips Allura imaging equipment (Best, Netherlands. Procedure duration, length of stay (LOS and complications were compared between groups. Fisher exact test and unpaired Student’s t test were used for comparisons. Results. Results. Technical success was 100%. We observed no difference between groups (age, sex, AAA size, ASA risk, preoperative lab work. Procedure time (hrs was 2,12 ± 0,7 vs. 2,0 ± 0,6 (NS, LOS (hrs was 44,5 ± 10,7 vs. 49,5 ± 32,0 (NS in Groups 1 and 2, respectively. Aneurysm neck length and ICU stay were shorter in Group 1 (p= 0,035 and 0,0451 respectively. During a 12 month follow up no adverse events, type I or III endoleak, or secondary interventions have occurred. Conclusion. Results with Ovation™ are comparable to other endografts currently available, achieving the same standards of efficacy and safety. Its highly flexible delivery system allows navigation through small vessels, easy deployment and effective sealing of AAA with necks > 7 mm, broadening the span of patients suitable for endovascular treatment.

  4. Avaliação pós-operatória do tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal por angiotomografia com multidetectores Post-operative evaluation of endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms by multidetector computed tomography angiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Barroso Thomaz

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Este estudo tem como objetivo a avaliação pós-operatória do tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal por angiotomografia com multidetectores. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foram analisadas, retrospectivamente, angiotomografias de 166 pacientes (137 homens e 29 mulheres com idade média de 73 anos portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal submetidos a terapêutica endovascular, no período de junho de 2005 a agosto de 2006. Os exames foram feitos em tomógrafo multidetector de 64 canais e os parâmetros adotados foram: colimação, 0,625 mm; pitch, 0,6-1; mAs, 300-400; kV, 120. Em todos os casos foi utilizado meio de contraste iodado não-iônico (350 mg/ml administrado por meio de bomba infusora, com fluxo de 4 ml/s a 5 ml/s e com volume variável de 70 ml a 100 ml. Os exames foram avaliados quanto à presença de complicações. RESULTADOS: Dos 166 exames realizados, 93 pacientes não apresentaram complicações e 73 apresentaram os seguintes achados: endoleak (n=37, trombose circunferencial da endoprótese (n=29, angulação (n=17, coleção no sítio de punção (n=10, migração da prótese (n=7, dissecção dos vasos de acesso (n=7 e oclusão (n=6. CONCLUSÃO: O endoleak foi a complicação mais prevalente em nosso estudo, sendo o tipo II o mais comum.OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at evaluating endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms by multidetector computed tomography angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multidetector computed tomography angiography studies of 166 patients were retrospectively analyzed. The sample included 137 men and 29 women with mean age of 73 years who had undergone endovascular treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm in the period between June 2005 and August 2006. Images were acquired in a 64-channel multidetector tomograph adopting the following parameters: 0.625 mm collimation, pitch 0.6-1, 300-400 mAs, and 120 kV. A nonionic iodinated contrast agent (350 mg/ml was injected by infusion pump at a rate of 4 ml/s to 5 ml/s and a variable amount of 70 ml to 100 ml. The studies were evaluated for the presence of complications. RESULTS: Among the 166 cases, 93 patients did not present complications and 73 presented the following findings: endoleak (n=37, circumferential thrombosis (n =29, angulation (n=17, presence of collection at the puncture site (n=10, graft migration (n=7, dissection of access vessels (n=7 and occlusion (n=6. CONCLUSION: In summary, endoleak was the most prevalent complication in the present series, with type II endoleak being most frequently found.

  5. Dual-energy CT in the follow-up after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study investigates the dual-energy procedure for postoperative CT follow-up scans after endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms. The procedure is analyzed with respect to its sensitivity and specificity as well as the associated radiation exposure. 51 examinations were carried out on 47 patients between February 2009 and March 2010. For each patient, a non-enhanced, an arterial and a venous scan were conducted, the latter two using the dual-energy technology. Virtual images for the non-enhanced phase were reconstructed from the data taken in the venous phase. Protocol A, the reference standard, consisted of non-enhanced images and images of the arterial and venous phase. In protocol B, standard non-enhanced images were replaced by the reconstructed virtual non-enhanced images. Protocol C consisted only of virtual non-enhanced and 80 kV images taken during the venous phase. All data was anonymized and evaluated by two independent radiologists. For protocol C, sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values were computed. The effective radiation dosage was determined for each scan. All endoleaks identified in protocol A were found using protocols B and C. For protocol C, the sensitivity and negative predictive value were 100 %, the specificity was 94.1 %, and the positive predictive value was 89.5 %. Compared to protocol A, protocol C reduces the radiation exposure by 62.45 %. A scan protocol consisting of virtual non-enhanced images as well as 80 kV images taken during the venous phase was found to be a reliable alternative method for diagnosing endoleaks, while reducing the radiation exposure by 62.45 %. (orig.)

  6. Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms--6 years of experience with Ella stent-graft system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koecher, Martin E-mail: martin.kocher@seznam.cz; Utikal, Petr; Koutna, Jirina; Bachleda, Petr; Buriankova, Eva; Herman, Miroslav; Bucil, Jiri; Benysek, Vladimir; Cerna, Marie; Kojecky, Zdenek

    2004-08-01

    Purpose: Evaluation of 6-year results of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) treatment by Ella stent-grafts with regard to safety and effectivity in relation to morphology of the aneurysm. Methods: From a group of 172 patients with AAA, in whom elective endovascular treatment was considered, 120 of them (69.8%) were found to be suitable for this type of therapy. The bifurcated type of stent-graft was implanted in 97 patients, uniiliacal type in 19 patients and only four patients were found to be suitable for tubular type of stent-graft. Additional necessary procedures (internal iliac artery occlusion or contralateral common iliac artery occlusion in a group of patients with uniiliacal type of stent-graft) were performed surgically during the stent-graft implantation. CT and US controls were performed at 3, 6 and 12 months after implantation, later every 12 months. Results: Primary technical success was achieved in 109 of the 120 patients (91%). Primary endoleak was recorded in 11 patients (primary endoleak type Ia in seven patients, type Ib in three patients and type IIIa in one patient). Assisted technical success after reintervention or spontaneous seal was 98.3%. Surgical conversion was indicated in two patients (1.7%). Perioperative mortality rate was 3.3%. Total average follow-up period was 20.7 months (range from 2 to 60 months). In nine patients (7.5%) secondary endoleak type II was found at control CT or US, in three patients partial thrombosis of the stent-graft was found. There was no aneurysm rupture during follow-up. Conclusion: Treatment of AAA with Ella stent-graft system is effective and safe. Bifurcated stent-graft is the most frequently used type. Uniiliacal type of stent-graft is used by us only in cases of complicated morphology.

  7. Endovascular repair or open repair for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm: a Cochrane systematic review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badger, S A; Harkin, D W; Blair, P H; Ellis, P K; Kee, F; Forster, R

    2016-01-01

    Objectives Emergency endovascular aneurysm repair (eEVAR) may improve outcomes for patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (RAAA). The study aim was to compare the outcomes for eEVAR with conventional open surgical repair for the treatment of RAAA. Setting A systematic review of relevant publications was performed. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing eEVAR with open surgical repair for RAAA were included. Participants 3 RCTs were included, with a total of 761 patients with RAAA. Interventions Meta-analysis was performed with fixed-effects models with ORs and 95% CIs for dichotomous data and mean differences with 95% CIs for continuous data. Primary and secondary outcome measures Primary outcome was short-term mortality. Secondary outcome measures included aneurysm-specific and general complication rates, quality of life and economic analysis. Results Overall risk of bias was low. There was no difference between the 2 interventions on 30-day (or in-hospital) mortality, OR 0.91 (95% CI 0.67 to 1.22; p=0.52). 30-day complications included myocardial infarction, stroke, composite cardiac complications, renal complications, severe bowel ischaemia, spinal cord ischaemia, reoperation, amputation and respiratory failure. Reporting was incomplete, and no robust conclusion was drawn. For complication outcomes that did include at least 2 studies in the meta-analysis, there was no clear evidence to support a difference between eEVAR and open repair. Longer term outcomes and cost per patient were evaluated in only a single study, thus precluding definite conclusions. Conclusions Outcomes between eEVAR and open repair, specifically 30-day mortality, are similar. However, further high-quality trials are required, as the paucity of data currently limits the conclusions. PMID:26873043

  8. The association of patent sac branch vessels with type 2 endoleak of abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular exclusion

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To determine the association of patent sac branch vessels with early type 2 endoleak rate after endovascular exclusion (EVE). Methods: 8 abdominal aortic aneurysm patients in the presence of type 2 endoleak after EVE were retrospectively reviewed. Results: All the patients with type 2 endoleak had multiple sac branch vessels preoperatively. Conclusions: Patent sac branches play an important role in the pathogenesis of type 2 endoleak. If the excluded sac is increasing in size rapidly, the patent branches must be embolized promptly to avoid aneurysm rupture

  9. Correção endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal: análise dos resultados de único centro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Rafael Novero

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados clínicos imediatos e em médio prazo do tratamento endovascular em pacientes portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal em um centro de referência para doenças cardiovasculares. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de uma série de pacientes submetidos a tratamento endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal, no período de janeiro de 2009 a julho de 2010. Foram avaliados as características demográficas, o sucesso técnico, o sucesso terapêutico, a morbimortalidade, as complicações e a taxa de reintervenções perioperatórias imediatos, e após um ano de acompanhamento. RESULTADOS: Foram analisados 102 pacientes consecutivos com idade média de 72 ± 9 anos, sendo 79% deles do sexo masculino. Houve sucesso técnico em 97,1% e êxito terapêutico em 81% dos casos. A mortalidade perioperatória foi de 0,9% e a anual, de 7,8%. Foram necessárias reintervenções em 18,8% dos pacientes durante o seguimento. CONCLUSÃO: Em nosso estudo, os resultados obtidos justificam a realização desse procedimento nos pacientes com anatomia adequada.

  10. Enhancement of ascites during abdominal oncological endovascular intervention without iatrogenic extravasation in patients with chronic liver disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To evaluate ascites enhancement during abdominal oncological endovascular intervention (IVR) without iatrogenic extravasation and the factors associated with enhancement of ascites. Methods and materials: CT images were obtained using an IVR-CT system for 73 patients with chronic liver disease and ascites. The CT images were obtained at least twice during each IVR. Radiodensity values of ascites at CT were measured for the first and last CT images in each procedure. The factors evaluated for their association with elevated ascitic fluid density were age, interval from the first to the last CT scan, Child–Pugh score, albumin level, total bilirubin level, prothrombin activity, the need for transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE), estimated glomerular filtration rate, total amount of contrast material (CM) per square metre of body surface area (/m2), amount of ascitic fluid, and the amount of CM entering the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) or coeliac artery/m2. Results: The average ascitic radiodensity values for the first and last CT images were 18 and 51 HU, respectively. The percentage of patients with “significantly elevated” ascitic fluid density (≥10 HU) was 92%. Multivariate analysis showed that the total amount of CM/m2 and the amount of ascitic fluid were significantly correlated and inversely correlated, respectively, with elevated ascitic fluid density. Conclusions: Ascites enhancement without extravasation frequently occurs during abdominal oncological endovascular intervention in patients with chronic liver disease

  11. Non-invasiv, Multi Detector Row (MDR) based Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis of hemodynamics in infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) before and after endovascular repair

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Simulation, description and analysis of dynamic pressure in infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) before and after endovascular repair. Materials and Methods: During March 1996 and May 2001, 13 patients with AAA underwent endovascular treatment. The MDR-CT scans of these patients were used for the non-invasive analysis of the hemodynamics in the aorta with CFD software before and after endovascular repair. One pre-interventional and three post-interventional CT scans were analyzed for each patient. Results: Compared to the pre-interventional simulation, endovascular treatment led to an average dynamic pressure decrease of 1057 Pa in 10 of 13 patients. During the subsequent course, the median of the dynamic pressure decreased in 8 of 13 patients. Vulnerable regions initially identified as high-pressure regions, like the docking area or the second stent limb, adapted to the pressure in the surrounding tissue in the course of time. (orig.)

  12. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair Using Nellix™ EndoVascular Aneurysm Sealing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van den Ham, Leo H; Zeebregts, Clark J; de Vries, Jean-Paul P M; Reijnen, Michel M P J

    2015-05-01

    Since the dawn of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR), starting from its initial report in 1991, there has been a significant evolution in stent graft design and delivery systems. Complications, mostly endoleaks, and re-intervention rates after EVAR remain amongst the most challenging aspects in comparison with traditional open repair. The use of a sac-anchoring endograft changes the approach of aneurysm exclusion. The Nellix™ EndoVascular Aneurysm Sealing system (Endologix Inc., Irvine, CA) consists of balloon expandable stents surrounded by endobags that are filled with a polymer thereby sealing the aneurysm. By sealing the aneurysm sac instead of exclusion with only proximal and distal fixation, the risk of stent migration and endoleaks is theoretically diminished. Current investigational use is aimed to confirm clinical success, decreased complication, and secondary intervention rates compared to conventional endovascular repair. PMID:26055014

  13. Technical and clinical success of infrarenal endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: A 10-year single-center experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steingruber, I.E. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)]. E-mail: iris.steingruber@uibk.ac.at; Neuhauser, B. [Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Seiler, R. [Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Greiner, A. [Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Chemelli, A. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Kopf, H. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Walch, C. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Waldenberger, P. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Jaschke, W. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Czermak, B. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)

    2006-09-15

    Objective: The aim of our retrospective study was to review our single-center experience with aortic abdominal aneurysm (AAA) repair retrospectively. Material and methods: From 1995 to 2005, 70 consecutive patients affected by AAA were treated by endovascular stent-graft repair. Mean follow-up was 23.9 months. Follow-up investigations were performed at 6 and 12 months and yearly thereafter. Five different stent-graft designs were compared to each other. Primary technical success (PTS), assisted primary technical success (APTS), primary clinical success (PCS) and secondary clinical success (SCS) were evaluated. Results: All over PTS was achieved in 94.3%, APTS in 97.1%, PCS in 61.4%, APCS in 64.3% and SCS in 70%. There were 3 type I endoleaks, 25 type II endoleaks, 4 type III endoleaks, 8 limb problems, 5 conversions to open surgery, 10 aneurysm sac expansions and 14 device migrations. Patients with newer generation devices showed better results than patients with first generation prosthesis. In addition results were better for grafts with suprarenal fixation (versus infrarenal fixation) and grafts with barbs and hooks (versus grafts without barbs and hooks). Patients with bad anatomic preconditions showed a higher complication rate. Conclusion: Contrary to first generation products, new stent-graft designs show acceptable technical and clinical results in endovascular AAA aneurysm repair. However, this therapy still should be reserved only for patients with significant comorbities and suitable anatomic conditions.

  14. Risk prediction for perioperative mortality of endovascular versus open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms using the Medicare population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles, Kristina A.; Schermerhorn, Marc L.; O’Malley, A. James; Cotterill, Philip; Jhaveri, Ami; Pomposelli, Frank; Landon, Bruce E.

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES The impact of risk factors upon perioperative mortality might differ for patients undergoing open versus endovascular repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). In order to investigate this, we developed a differential predictive model of perioperative mortality after AAA repair. METHODS A total of 45,660 propensity score matched Medicare beneficiaries undergoing elective open or endovascular AAA repair from 2001–2004 were studied. Using half the dataset we developed a multiple logistic regression model for a matched cohort of open and EVAR patients and used this to derive an easily evaluable risk prediction score. The remainder of the dataset formed a validation cohort used to confirm results. RESULTS The derivation cohort included 11,415 open and 11,415 endovascular repairs. Perioperative mortality was 5.3% and 1.8% respectively. Independent predictors of mortality (RR, 95% CI) were open repair (3.2, 2.7–3.8), age (71–75 years 1.2, 0.9–1.6; 76–80 years 1.9, 1.4–2.5; >80 years 3.1, 2.4–4.2), female sex (1.5, 1.3–1.8), dialysis (2.6, 1.5–4.6), chronic renal insufficiency (2.0, 1.6–2.6), congestive heart failure (1.7, 1.5–2.1), and vascular disease (1.3, 1.2–1.6). There were no differential predictors of mortality across the two procedures. A simple scoring system was developed from a logistic regression model fit to both endovascular and open patients (area under the ROC curve of 72.6) from which low, medium, and high risk groups were developed. The absolute predicted mortality ranged from 0.7% for an EVAR patient ? 70 years of age with no comorbidities to 38% for an open patient > 80 with all the comorbidities considered. Although relative risk was similar among age groups, the absolute difference was greater for older patients (with higher baseline risk). CONCLUSIONS Mortality after AAA repair is predicted by comorbidities, sex, and age and these predictors have similar effects for both methods of AAA repair. This simple scoring system can predict repair mortality for both treatment options and thus may help guide clinical decisions. PMID:19249184

  15. Endoleakage after endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: diagnosis, significance and treatment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Golzarian, Jafar [University of Iowa, University of Iowa Heath Care, IA (United States); Valenti, David [McGill University, Royal Victoria Hospital, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal (Canada)

    2006-12-15

    Endoleak, also called leakage, leak and Perigraft leak, is a major complication and its persistence represents a failure of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. Its detection and treatment is therefore of primary importance, since endoleak can be associated with pressurization (increase in pressure) of the sac, resulting in expansion and rupture of the aneurysm. The aim of this paper is to discuss the definition, significance, diagnosis and different options to treat endoleak. (orig.)

  16. Endoleakage after endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: diagnosis, significance and treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Endoleak, also called leakage, leak and Perigraft leak, is a major complication and its persistence represents a failure of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. Its detection and treatment is therefore of primary importance, since endoleak can be associated with pressurization (increase in pressure) of the sac, resulting in expansion and rupture of the aneurysm. The aim of this paper is to discuss the definition, significance, diagnosis and different options to treat endoleak. (orig.)

  17. Clinical Results of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in Patients with Renal Insufficiency without Hemodialysis

    OpenAIRE

    Guntani, Atsushi; Okadome, Jyun; Kawakubo, Eisuke; Kyuragi, Ryoichi; Iwasa, Kazuomi; Fukunaga, Ryota; Kuma, Sosei; Matsumoto, Takuya; Okazaki, Jin; Maehara, Yoshihiko

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Chronic renal insufficiency may be a relative contraindication to endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for the use of contrast enhanced mediums. It is thought that more contrast enhanced media are needed in patients who are not anatomically suitable for EVAR, because of procedural difficulties. We reviewed a 2 year EVAR experience at our institution to determine whether the procedure and use of contrast enhanced mediums has any deleterious effect on renal function in patients with p...

  18. Percutaneous Transabdominal Approach for the Treatment of Endoleaks after Endovascular Repair of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Sun Young; Lee, Do Yun; Lee, Kwang Hun [Severance Hospital, University of Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Won, Jong Yun [Gangnam Severance Hospital, University of Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Dong Hoon; Shim, Won Heum [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-02-15

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical feasibility and clinical efficacy of percutaneous transabdominal treatment of endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair. Between 2000 and 2007, six patients with type I (n = 4) or II (n = 2) endoleaks were treated by the percutaneous transabdominal approach using embolization with N-butyl cyanoacrylate with or without coils. Five patients underwent a single session and one patient had two sessions of embolization. The median time between aneurysm repair and endoleak treatment was 25.5 months (range: 0-84 months). Follow-up CT images were evaluated for changes in the size and shape of the aneurysm sac and presence or resolution of endoleaks. The median follow-up after endoleak treatment was 16.4 months (range: 0-37 months). Technical success was achieved in all six patients. Clinical success was achieved in four patients with complete resolution of the endoleak confirmed by follow-up CT. Clinical failure was observed in two patients. One eventually underwent surgical conversion, and the other was lost to follow-up. There were no procedure-related complications. The percutaneous transabdominal approach for the treatment of type I or II endoleaks, after endovascular aneurysm repair, is an alternative method when conventional endovascular methods have failed.

  19. A prospective clinical, economic, and quality-of-life analysis comparing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), open repair, and best medical treatment in high-risk patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms suitable for EVAR: the Irish patient trial.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hynes, Niamh

    2007-12-01

    To report the results of a trial comparing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) to open repair (OR) and best medical therapy (BMT) involving high-risk patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) suitable for EVAR.

  20. Lessons learnt from the EUROSTAR registry on endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: The EUROSTAR project is a multicentred database of the outcome of endovascular repair of infra-renal aortic aneurysms. To date 92 European centres of vascular surgery have contributed. The purpose of the article here is to review the medium term (up to 4 years) results of endovascular aneurysm repair as reported to Eurostar. Patients and methods: Patients intended for endovascular aneurysm repair were notified to the EUROSTAR Data Registry Centre before treatment in order to eliminate bias due to selective reporting. The following data was collected on all patients: (1) their demographic details and the anatomical characteristics of their aneurysms, (2) details of the endovascular device used, (3) procedural complications and the immediate outcome, (4) results of contrast enhanced CT imaging at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months after operation and at yearly intervals thereafter, (5) all adverse events. Life table analysis was performed to determine the cumulative rates of: (1) death from all causes, (2) secondary intervention. Risk factors for rupture and late conversion were identified by regression analysis. Results: By July 2000, 2862 patients had been registered and their median duration of follow-up was 12 mo (range 0-72). Successful deployment was achieved in 2812 patients with a perioperative (30 day) mortality of 2.9%. In 2464 patients enrolled by March 2000 late rupture of the aneurysm occurred in 14 patients for an annual cumulative rate of 1%. The significant factors were proximal type I endoleak (P=0.001), midgraft (type III) endoleak (P=0.001), graft migration (P=0.001) and post-operative kinking of the endograft (P=0.001). Forty-one patients had late conversion to open repair for an annual cumulative rate (risk) of approximately 2.1%. Risk factors (indications) for late conversion were: proximal type I endoleak (P=0.001), midgraft (type III) endoleak (P=0.001), type II endoleak (P=0.003), graft migration (P=0.001), graft kinking (P=0.001) and distal type I endoleak (P=0.001). Conclusions: Endovascular repair of infra-renal aortic aneurysms using the first and second-generation devices that predominated in this study was associated with a risk of late failure of 3% per year, based upon an analysis of observed primary endpoints of rupture and conversion. Eurostar continues to provide responsible evaluation of the technique for the benefit of both physicians and the industry

  1. Graft Distortion After Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Association with Sac Morphology and Mid-Term Complications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To investigate the incidence, significance, and mechanism of stent-graft distortion after endovascular repair (EVR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm.Methods: EVR of abdominal aortic aneurysm was performed in 51 cases (49 modular, bifurcated; 2 tube). Thirty-two patients were followed for 6 or more months and had equivalent baseline and follow-up images which could be used to determine changes in graft configuration. Sac dimensions were measured using computed tomographic (CT) images and graft-related complications were recorded.Results: Amongst 32 patients evaluated on follow-up, there was graft distortion in 24. Distorted grafts were significantly (p= 0.002) associated with sac diameter reduction (mean 5 mm) and sac length reduction (mean 8.1 mm). All graft-related complications occurred in the limbs of eight distorted grafts, with a mean reduction of sac length in this group of 7.8 mm on reformatted CT images.Conclusion: There was a highly significant association between graft distortion and limb complications, and reduced sac dimensions

  2. Correlation between intrasac pressure measurements of a pressure sensor and an angiographic catheter during endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Galvagni Silveira

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To establish a correlation between intrasac pressure measurements of a pressure sensor and an angiographic catheter placed in the same aneurysm sac before and after its exclusion by an endoprosthesis. METHODS: Patients who underwent endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and received an EndoSureTM wireless pressure sensor implant between March 19 and December 11, 2004 were enrolled in the study. Simultaneous readings of systolic, diastolic, mean, and pulse pressure within the aneurysm sac were obtained from the catheter and the sensor, both before and after sac exclusion by the endoprosthesis (Readings 1 and 2, respectively. Intrasac pressure measurements were compared using Pearson's correlation and Student's t test. Statistical significance was set at p0.05, mean (p>0.05, and pulse (p0.05 by the sensor. CONCLUSION: The excellent agreement between intrasac pressure readings recorded by the catheter and the sensor justifies use of the latter for detection of post-exclusion abdominal aortic aneurysm pressurization.

  3. Thromboembolic Complications after Zenith{sup ®} Low Profile Endovascular Graft for Infrarenal Abdominal Aneurysms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urlings, T. A. J., E-mail: t-urlings@hotmail.com [Medical Center Westeinde, Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Vries, A. C. de, E-mail: a.de.vries@mchaaglanden.nl; Mol van Otterloo, J. C. A. de, E-mail: a.de.molvanotterloo@mchaaglanden.nl; Eefting, D., E-mail: d.eefting@mchaaglanden.nl [Medical Center Westeinde, Department of Vascular Surgery (Netherlands); Linden, E. van der, E-mail: e.van.der.linden@mchaaglanden.nl [Medical Center Westeinde, Department of Radiology (Netherlands)

    2015-06-15

    PurposeThe purpose of this study was to objectify and evaluate risk factors for thromboembolic complications after treatment with a Zenith{sup ®} Low Profile Endovascular Graft (Zenith LP). Results were compared with those in the recent literature on endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) and with the thromboembolic complications in the patient group treated with a Zenith Flex Endovascular Graft in our institute in the period before the use of the Zenith LP.Materials and MethodsAll consecutive patients who were suitable for treatment with a Zenith LP endograft between October 2010 and December 2011 were included. The preprocedural computed tomography scan (CT), procedural angiographic images, and the postprocedural CT scans were evaluated for risk factors for and signs of thromboembolic complications. All patients treated between December 2007 and November 2012 with a Zenith Flex endograft were retrospectively evaluated for thromboembolic complications.ResultsIn the study period 17 patients were treated with a LP Zenith endograft. Limb occlusion occurred in 35 % of the patients. Limb occlusions occurred in 24 % of the limbs at risk (one limb occluded twice). In one patient two risk factors for limb occlusion were identified. Between December 2007 and November 2012, a total of 43 patients were treated with a Zenith Flex endograft. No limb occlusion or distal embolization occurred.ConclusionDespite that this was a small retrospective study, the Zenith LP endograft seems to be associated with more frequent thromboembolic complications compared with the known limb occlusion rates in the literature and those of the patients treated with a Zenith Flex endograft in our institute.

  4. Follow-up of abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular aortic repair: Comparison of volumetric and diametric measurement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To determine the correlation of maximal diameter measurements with volumetric evaluation of size after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) using computed tomography angiography (CTA) and to survey its applicability for clinical follow-up. Materials and methods: 73 consecutive patients (2 females, 71 males; age 38–84 years; mean age, 69.1 ± 8 years) with AAA were treated with percutaneous EVAR in a single institution. For follow-up, CTA was performed periodically after EVAR. Images were evaluated for maximal diameter in consensus by two experienced radiologists. Using OsirixTM, volumetric measurements were done by one radiologist, including the entire infrarenal abdominal aorta. Results: In 73 patients 220 CTA examinations were performed after EVAR with a mean follow-up of 17.3 months (range, 1.8–42.7 months). The mean postinterventional volume of aneurysm was 165.63 ml ± 93.29 ml (range, 47.94–565.67 ml). The mean maximal postinterventional diameter was 5.91 ± 1.52 cm (range, 3.72–13.82 cm). At large over the entire observation period a slight, non-significant decrease of 1.6% (2.58 ml ± 69.05 ml, range 82.82–201.92 ml) in volumes and a 9.3% (mean 0.55 cm ± 1.22 cm, range 2.85–1.93 cm) in diameters were observed. For all examinations a high correlation of volume and diameter was calculated (r = 0.813–0.905; ? < 0.01). Conclusion: For follow-up of abdominal EVAR using CTA there is a high correlation between volumetric and diametric measurements of aneurysm. Based on a daily clinical routine setting, measurements of maximal diameters in cross sectional imaging of AAA after EVAR seems to be sufficient to exclude post interventional enlargement.

  5. Comparison of Open and Endovascular Repair of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms From the ACS-NSQIP 2005–07

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles, Kristina A.; Pomposelli, Frank B.; Hamdan, Allen D.; Wyers, Mark C.; Schermerhorn, Marc L.

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: To compare endovascular (EVAR) and open surgical repair (OSR) for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (RAAA) in terms of preoperative hemodynamic status and comorbidities. Methods: The 2005 to 2007 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database was interrogated to find all patients undergoing repair for RAAA. Of the 567 RAAA repairs identified, 121 (21%) were endovascular and 446 (79%) were open. Demographics, comorbidities, and preoperative hemodynamic status were compared by repair method. Results: Age, sex, and race were similar between repair cohorts. EVAR patients had greater incidences of recent myocardial infarction (7% versus 2%, p4 units of blood (3% versus 6%, p?=?0.31), intubation (12% versus 17%, p?=?0.18), impaired sensorium (7% versus 11%, p?=?0.25), coma (4% versus 5%, p?=?0.65), acute renal failure (2% versus 2%, p?=?0.60), and ASA class 5 (29% versus 34%, p?=?0.29). Open repair was associated with greater operative time (3.3 versus 2.6 hours, p<0.01) and intraoperative blood transfusions (8 versus 2 units, p<0.001). Overall mortality was 33.5% (EVAR 24% versus OSR 36%; OR 1.8, 95% CI 1.1 to 2.8, p<0.05). After adjusting for preoperative comorbidities and all preoperative hemodynamic variables, mortality after open repair was greater than after EVAR (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.1 to 3.2, p<0.05). Overall postoperative complications were greater after open repair (62% versus 47%, p<0.01). Graft failure requiring reintervention was higher after EVAR (4% versus 1%, p<0.05), while rates of return to the operating room for a major operation were similar (21% versus 24%, p?=?0.43). Conclusion: For RAAA within NSQIP hospitals in recent years, preoperative hemodynamic status was similar between EVAR and OSR, but EVAR patients had greater comorbidities. Despite this and after accounting for minor differences in hemodynamic status, EVAR mortality was lower than OSR mortality. Institutions with adequate experience and resources should attempt endovascular repair for RAAA when anatomy allows. PMID:19642796

  6. Can Surgeons Assess CT Suitability for Endovascular Repair (EVAR) in Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm? Implications for a Ruptured EVAR Trial

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether surgeons without formal radiological training are able to assess suitability of patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) for EVAR. The CT scans of 20 patients with AAA were reviewed under timed conditions by six vascular surgeons. Twenty minutes was allocated per scan. They were asked to determine if each aneurysm would be treatable by EVAR in the emergency setting and, if so, to measure for device selection. The results were then compared with those of a vascular radiologist. Six surgeons agreed on the suitability of endovascular repair in 45% of cases (95% CI, 23.1-68.5%; 9/20 scans; κ = 0.41 [p = 0.01]) and concurred with the radiologist in eight of these. Individually, agreement ranged from 13 to 16 of the 20 scans, 65-80% between surgeons. The kappa value for agreement between all the surgeons and the radiologist was 0.47 (p = 0.01, moderate agreement). For the individual surgeons, this ranged from 0.3 to 0.6 (p = 0.01). In conclusion, while overall agreement was moderate between the surgeons and the radiologist, it is clear that if surgeons are to assess patients for ruptured EVAR in the future, focused training of surgical trainees is required.

  7. Outcomes of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in Patients with Hostile Neck Anatomy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose. The principal anatomic contraindication to endovascular aneurysm repair (EVR) is an unfavorable proximal aortic neck. With increasing experience, a greater proportion of patients with unfavorable neck anatomy are being offered EVR. This study aimed to evaluate outcomes in patients with challenging proximal aortic neck anatomy. Methods. Prospectively collected data from 147 consecutive patients who underwent EVR between December 1997 and April 2005 were supplemented with a retrospective review of medical records and radiological images. Unfavorable anatomic features were defined as neck diameter >28 mm, angulation >60 deg., circumferential thrombus >50%, and length 30 days) (p = 0.57), distal type I endoleak (p = 0.40), type III endoleak (p 0.51), secondary interventions (p = 1.0), aneurysm sac expansion (p = 0.44), or 30 day mortality (p = 0.70). The good neck group had a significantly increased incidence of type II endoleak (p = 0.023). By multivariate analysis, the incidence of intraoperative adjunctive procedures was significantly increased in the presence of severe angulation (p = 0.041, OR 3.08, 95% CI 1.05-9.04). Conclusion. Patients with severely hostile proximal aortic neck anatomy may be treated with EVR, although severely angulated necks require additional intraoperative procedures. Early outcomes are encouraging and suggest that indications for EVR may be expanded to include patients with hostile neck anatomy

  8. Multislice CT Angiography of Fenestrated Endovascular Stent Grafting for Treating Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: a Pictorial Review of the 2D/3D Visualizations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fenestrated endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm has been developed to treat patients with a short or complicated aneurysm neck. Fenestration involves creating an opening in the graft fabric to accommodate the orifice of the vessel that is targeted for preservation. Fixation of the fenestration to the renal arteries and the other visceral arteries can be done by implanting bare or covered stents across the graft-artery ostia interfaces so that a portion of the stent protrudes into the aortic lumen. Accurate alignment of the targeted vessels in a longitudinal aspect is hard to achieve during stent deployment because rotation of the stent graft may take place during delivery from the sheath. Understanding the 3D relationship of the aortic branches and the fenestrated vessel stents following fenestration will aid endovascular specialists to evaluate how the stent graft is situated within the aorta after placement of fenestrations. The aim of this article is to provide the 2D and 3D imaging appearances of the fenestrated endovascular grafts that were implanted in a group of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms, based on the multislice CT angiography. The potential applications of each visualization technique were explored and compared with the 2D axial images

  9. Multislice CT Angiography of Fenestrated Endovascular Stent Grafting for Treating Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: a Pictorial Review of the 2D/3D Visualizations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, Zhonghua [Curtin University, Perth (Australia); Mwipatayi, Bibombe P [Royal Perth Hospital, Perth (Australia); Allen, Yvonne B; Hartley, David E [Cook R and D, Perth (Australia); Lawrence-Brown, Michael M [Curtin University of Technology, Perth (Australia)

    2009-06-15

    Fenestrated endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm has been developed to treat patients with a short or complicated aneurysm neck. Fenestration involves creating an opening in the graft fabric to accommodate the orifice of the vessel that is targeted for preservation. Fixation of the fenestration to the renal arteries and the other visceral arteries can be done by implanting bare or covered stents across the graft-artery ostia interfaces so that a portion of the stent protrudes into the aortic lumen. Accurate alignment of the targeted vessels in a longitudinal aspect is hard to achieve during stent deployment because rotation of the stent graft may take place during delivery from the sheath. Understanding the 3D relationship of the aortic branches and the fenestrated vessel stents following fenestration will aid endovascular specialists to evaluate how the stent graft is situated within the aorta after placement of fenestrations. The aim of this article is to provide the 2D and 3D imaging appearances of the fenestrated endovascular grafts that were implanted in a group of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms, based on the multislice CT angiography. The potential applications of each visualization technique were explored and compared with the 2D axial images

  10. Numerical analysis of the hemodynamics of an abdominal aortic aneurysm repaired using the endovascular chimney technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Gur, Hila; Kosa, Gabor; Brand, Moshe

    2015-08-01

    This paper presents a numerical analysis of the hemodynamics in an abdominal aorta (AA) with an aneurysm repaired by a stent graft (SG) system using the chimney technique. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations were conducted in a model of an AA repaired with a chimney stent graft (CSG) inserted into a renal artery parallel to an aortic SG and a model of a healthy AA. Comparing the simulation results of these two cases suggests that the presence of the CSG in the AA causes changes in average wall shear stress (WSS), potentially damaging recirculation zones, and additional changes in flow patterns. PMID:26736427

  11. Classification and treatment of endoleaks after endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms; Klassifikation und Therapie von Endolecks nach endovaskulaerer Behandlung von abdominellen Aortenaneurysmen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pitton, M.B.; Thelen, M. [Klinik fuer Radiologie, Univ. Mainz (Germany); Schmiedt, W.; Neufang, A. [Klinik fuer Herz-, Thorax- und Gefaesschirurgie, Univ. Mainz (Germany); Dueber, C. [Inst. fuer Klinische Radiologie, Universitaetsklinikum Mannheim (Germany)

    2005-01-01

    This article describes the classification of endoleaks after endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms, thereby summarizing the most important problems of this endovascular technique. The correct classification of endoleaks is a prerequisite for interdisciplinary discussion. It is indispensable for professional reporting of the pathological findings and for the decision making as to the adequate treatment of endoleaks. Irrespective of the types of stent graft and property of the material, five endoleak types are defined in the literature: leakage at the anchor sites (type I); leakage due to collateral arteries (type II); defective stent grafts (type III); leakage due to porosity of the graft material (type IV); and endotension (type V). The causes of endoleaks are discussed and treatment options are reviewed for the diverse pathologic findings. (orig.)

  12. Intraoperative DynaCT Detection and Immediate Correction of a Type 1a Endoleak Following Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Reintervention following endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is required in up to 10% of patients at 30 days and is associated with a demonstrable risk of increased mortality. Completion angiography cannot detect all graft-related anomalies and computed tomographic angiography is therefore mandatory to ensure clinical success. Intraoperative angiographic computed tomography (DynaCT; Siemens, Germany) utilizes cone beam reconstruction software and flat-panel detectors to generate CT-like images from rotational angiographic acquisitions. We report the intraoperative use of this novel technology in detecting and immediately treating a proximal anterior type Ia endoleak, following an endovascular abdominal aortic repair, which was not seen on completion angiography. Immediate evaluation of cross-sectional imaging following endograft deployment may allow for on-table correction of clinically significant stent-related complications. This should both improve technical success and minimize the need for early secondary intervention following EVAR.

  13. Chronic Contained Rupture of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: From Diagnosis to Endovascular Resolution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A male patient, 69 years old, presented with fever, leucocytosis, and persistent low back pain; he also had an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), as previously diagnosed by Doppler UltraSound (US), and was admitted to our hospital. On multislice computed tomography (msCT), a large abdominal mass having no definite border and involving the aorta and both of the psoas muscles was seen. This mass involved the forth-lumbar vertebra with lysis, thus simulating AAA rupture into a paraspinal collection; it was initially considered a paraspinal abscess. After magnetic resonance imaging examination and culture of the fluid aspirated from the mass, no infective organisms were found; therefore, a diagnosisof chronically contained AAA rupture was made, and an aortic endoprosthesis was subsequently implanted. The patient was discharged with decreased lumbar pain. At 12-month follow-up, no evidence of leakage was observed. To our knowledge, this is the first case of endoprosthesis implantation in a patient, who was a poor candidate for surgical intervention due to renal failure, leucocytosis and high fever, having a chronically contained AAA ruptured simulatingspodilodiscitis abscess. Appropriate diagnosis and therapy resolved potentially crippling pathology and avoided surgical graft-related complications.

  14. Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: surveillance of endoleak using maximum transverse diameter of aorta on non-enhanced CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background. Repeat volumetric analysis of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) after endovascular AAA repair (EVAR) is time-consuming and requires advanced processing, dedicated equipment, and skilled operators. Purpose. To clarify the validity of measuring the maximal short-axis diameter (Dmax) of AAA in follow-up non-enhanced axial CT as a means of detecting substantial endoleaks after EVAR. Material and Methods. CT images were retrospectively reviewed in 47 patients (7 women, 40 men; mean age, 76.2 years) who had no endoleak on initial contrast-enhanced CT after EVAR. Regular follow-up CT studies were performed every 6 months. At each CT study, the Dmax on the CT axial image was measured and compared with that on the last CT (115 data-sets). Contrast-enhanced CT was regarded as the standard of reference to decide the presence or absence of endoleaks. The appearance of endoleak was defined as the end point of this study. Results. Endoleaks were detected in 17 patients during the follow-up period. Mean Dmax changes for 6 months were significant between positive and negative endoleak cases (1.8 ± 1.9 vs. -1.1 ± 3.0 mm, P < 0.0001). When the Dmax change ? 0 mm for 6 months was used as the threshold for negative endoleak, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 74.5, 82.4, 96.1, and 35.9%, respectively. When Dmax change ?-1 mm was used as the threshold, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 38.8, 100, 100, and 22.1%, respectively. Conclusion. Contrast-enhanced CT is not required for the evaluation of endoleaks when the Dmax decreases by at least 1 mm over 6 months after EVAR

  15. Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: surveillance of endoleak using maximum transverse diameter of aorta on non-enhanced CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagayama, Hiroki; Sueyoshi, Eijun; Sakamoto, Ichiro; Uetani, Masataka [Dept. of Radiology, Nagasaki Univ. School of Medicine, Nagasaki (Japan)], E-mail: sueyo@nagasaki-u.ac.jp

    2012-07-15

    Background. Repeat volumetric analysis of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) after endovascular AAA repair (EVAR) is time-consuming and requires advanced processing, dedicated equipment, and skilled operators. Purpose. To clarify the validity of measuring the maximal short-axis diameter (Dmax) of AAA in follow-up non-enhanced axial CT as a means of detecting substantial endoleaks after EVAR. Material and Methods. CT images were retrospectively reviewed in 47 patients (7 women, 40 men; mean age, 76.2 years) who had no endoleak on initial contrast-enhanced CT after EVAR. Regular follow-up CT studies were performed every 6 months. At each CT study, the Dmax on the CT axial image was measured and compared with that on the last CT (115 data-sets). Contrast-enhanced CT was regarded as the standard of reference to decide the presence or absence of endoleaks. The appearance of endoleak was defined as the end point of this study. Results. Endoleaks were detected in 17 patients during the follow-up period. Mean Dmax changes for 6 months were significant between positive and negative endoleak cases (1.8 {+-} 1.9 vs. -1.1 {+-} 3.0 mm, P < 0.0001). When the Dmax change {<=} 0 mm for 6 months was used as the threshold for negative endoleak, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 74.5, 82.4, 96.1, and 35.9%, respectively. When Dmax change {<=}-1 mm was used as the threshold, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 38.8, 100, 100, and 22.1%, respectively. Conclusion. Contrast-enhanced CT is not required for the evaluation of endoleaks when the Dmax decreases by at least 1 mm over 6 months after EVAR.

  16. Sequential Dilatation of the Superior Gluteal Artery Following Coil Embolization of the Internal Iliac Artery and Endovascular Abdominal Aneurysm Repair: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Nakai, Motoki; Nakata, Kouhei; Sato, Morio; IKOMA, AKIRA; Minamiguchi, Hiroki; Kawai, Nobuyuki; Sonomura, Tetsuo; Hatada, Atutoshi; Nishimura, Yoshiharu; Okamura, Yoshitaka

    2011-01-01

    We present a case of an 80-year-old male who had a right buttock claudication after embolization of the right internal iliac artery and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for aneurysms of the right common iliac and abdominal arteries. We used follow-up dynamic computed tomography to measure the diameter of the superior gluteal artery (SGA). The comparison ratio (SGA diameter after EVAR / SGA diameter before EVAR) of the right SGA at 1, 3, and 9 months was 0.74, 0.80, and 1....

  17. Comparison of the usefulness 3D CTA with other methods to estimate morphology of abdominal aortic aneurysm before endovascular aneurysm repair

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of diagnostic methods in the preoperative evaluation of abdominal aortic aneurysm before endovascular treatment. During the period of January 2002-December 2004, 67 patients with AAA (42 diagnosed in the Department of Radiology of the Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Administration and 25 patients diagnosed the in the Department of Radiology of Medical Academy in Bialystok) underwent ultrasonography, spiral CT with 3D reconstructions (3D CTA), and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) following treatment of aortoiliac aneurysms with endoluminal stentgrafts in 36 and 12 patients, respectively. Our experience suggests that spiral computerized tomographic angiography with three-dimensional reconstruction (3D CTA) is a reliable, relatively noninvasive technique to assess the feasibility of endovascular aneurysm repair. DSA allows verification of the measurements from spiral computed scans, but it is a more invasive method than CTA. However, CTA with 3D reconstruction shows a diagnostic effectiveness similar to that of DSA. Thus it may be sufficient as a preoperative imaging technique when evaluating a patient for an endovascular graft procedure. (author)

  18. Early inflammatory response following elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: A comparison between endovascular procedure and conventional, open surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marjanović Ivan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Abdominal aorta aneurysm (AAA represents a pathological enlargment of infrarenal portion of aorta for over 50% of its lumen. The only treatment of AAA is a surgical reconstruction of the affected segment. Until the late XX century, surgical reconstruction implied explicit, open repair (OR of AAA, which was accompanied by a significant morbidity and mortality of the treated patients. Development of endovascular repair of (EVAR AAA, especially in the last decade, offered another possibility of surgical reconstruction of AAA. The preliminary results of world studies show that complications of such a procedure, as well as morbidity and mortality of patients, are significantly lower than with OR of AAA. The aim of this paper was to present results of comparative clinical prospective study of early inflammatory response after reconstruction of AAA between endovascular and open, conventional surgical technique. Methods. A comparative clinical prospective study included 39 patients, electively operated on for AAA within the period of December 2008 - February 2010, divided into two groups. The group I counted 21 (54% of the patients, 58-87 years old (mean 74.3 years, who had been submited to EVAR by the use of excluder stent graft. The group II consisted of 18 (46% of the patients, 49-82 (mean 66.8 years, operated on using OR technique. All of the treated patients in both groups had AAA larager than 50 mm. The study did not include patients who have been treated as urgent cases, due to the rupture or with simptomatic AAA. Clinical, biochemical and inflamatory parameters in early postoperative period were analyzed, in direct postoperative course (number of leucocytes, thrombocytes, serum circulating levels of cytokine - interleukine (IL-2, IL-4, IL-6 and IL-10. Parameters were monitored on the zero, first, second, third and seventh postoperative days. The study was approved by the Ethics Commitee of the Military Medical Academy. Results. The study showed a statistically significantly shorter time of treatment in the EVAR group (average 90 min compared to the OR group (average 136 min. Also, there was a statistically significantly less blood loss in the patients operated on by the use of EVAR surgery (average 60 mL as compared to the patients treated with OR techinique (average 495 mL, as well as a shorter postoperative hospitalization of patients in the EVAR group (average 4 days compared to the OR group (average 8 days. The OR group was detected with a statistically significant increase of leucocytes and statistically significant fall of the number of thrombocytes in comparison with the EVAR group in all the investigated terms. A significant concentration rise of IL-2 in the OR group and concentration rise of IL-6 in the EVAR group was shown 24 hours after the procedure, whereas on the second postoperative day there was detected a significant fall of IL-6 in the EVAR group. IL-4 concentration in the OR group was significantly higher as of the third postoperative day in comparison to the EVAR group. There was no significant difference in IL-10 concentration between the groups. Conclusion. The EVAR techinique is a safer and less invasive and less traumatic procedure for patients than the OR of AAA. Following the EVAR, there are less inflammatory reactions in the early postoperative periodas compared to the OR and therefore less possibility of the development of systemic inflammatory respons syndrome in patients treated.

  19. Medium-Term Outcomes Following Endovascular Repair of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms with an Unfavourable Proximal Neck

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saha, Prakash, E-mail: prakash.2.saha@kcl.ac.uk; Hughes, John, E-mail: johnhughes387@rocketmail.com; Patel, Ashish S., E-mail: ashish.s.patel@kcl.ac.uk; Donati, Tommaso, E-mail: tommaso.donati@gstt.nhs.uk; Sallam, Morad, E-mail: morad.sallam@gstt.nhs.uk; Patel, Sanjay D., E-mail: sanjay.patel@gstt.nhs.uk; Bell, Rachel E. [King’s Health Partners, Department of Vascular Surgery, Guy’s and St. Thomas’ Hospitals, NHS Foundation Trust (United Kingdom); Katsanos, Konstantinos, E-mail: katsanos@med.upatras.gr [King’s Health Partners, Department of Interventional Radiology, Guy’s and St. Thomas’ Hospitals, NHS Foundation Trust (United Kingdom); Modarai, Bijan, E-mail: bijan.modarai@kcl.ac.uk; Zayed, Hany A., E-mail: hany.zayed@gstt.nhs.uk [King’s Health Partners, Department of Vascular Surgery, Guy’s and St. Thomas’ Hospitals, NHS Foundation Trust (United Kingdom)

    2015-08-15

    PurposeThe purpose of this study was to evaluate medium-term outcomes following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (EVAR) with unfavourable neck anatomy using stent grafts with a 36 mm or larger proximal diameter.Materials and MethodsA retrospective review of 27 patients who underwent elective EVAR between 2006 and 2008 using a stent graft with a 36 mm or larger proximal diameter was carried out. All patients had computed tomography angiography (CTA) for procedure planning, and detailed assessment of the aneurysm neck was performed using a three-dimensional CTA workstation. Patients were followed up with CTA at 3 and 12 months and annual duplex thereafter.ResultsThe median aneurysm diameter was 7 cm, and the median aneurysm neck diameter was 31 mm. Cook Zenith stent grafts were used in all patients, with a proximal diameter of 36 mm (n = 25) and 40 mm (n = 2). Primary and assisted primary technical success rates were 74 and 93 %, respectively. The follow-up period ranged from 62 to 84 months, with a median of 72 months. 15 patients died during follow-up. Two patients died from aortic rupture, and the remaining patients died from cardiac disease (n = 4), chest sepsis (n = 6), cancer (n = 2) and renal failure (n = 1). Complications included type I endoleak (n = 5), limb occlusion (n = 2), limb stenosis (n = 2), limb kinking (n = 1), dissection of an artery (n = 1), occlusion of a femorofemoral cross-over graft (n = 1) and poor attachment of a distal limb (n = 1).ConclusionsEVAR using stent grafts in the presence of an unfavourable neck has a high risk of complications. Medium-term survival in this group is low but mainly due to patient co-morbidities.

  20. Medium-Term Outcomes Following Endovascular Repair of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms with an Unfavourable Proximal Neck

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    PurposeThe purpose of this study was to evaluate medium-term outcomes following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (EVAR) with unfavourable neck anatomy using stent grafts with a 36 mm or larger proximal diameter.Materials and MethodsA retrospective review of 27 patients who underwent elective EVAR between 2006 and 2008 using a stent graft with a 36 mm or larger proximal diameter was carried out. All patients had computed tomography angiography (CTA) for procedure planning, and detailed assessment of the aneurysm neck was performed using a three-dimensional CTA workstation. Patients were followed up with CTA at 3 and 12 months and annual duplex thereafter.ResultsThe median aneurysm diameter was 7 cm, and the median aneurysm neck diameter was 31 mm. Cook Zenith stent grafts were used in all patients, with a proximal diameter of 36 mm (n = 25) and 40 mm (n = 2). Primary and assisted primary technical success rates were 74 and 93 %, respectively. The follow-up period ranged from 62 to 84 months, with a median of 72 months. 15 patients died during follow-up. Two patients died from aortic rupture, and the remaining patients died from cardiac disease (n = 4), chest sepsis (n = 6), cancer (n = 2) and renal failure (n = 1). Complications included type I endoleak (n = 5), limb occlusion (n = 2), limb stenosis (n = 2), limb kinking (n = 1), dissection of an artery (n = 1), occlusion of a femorofemoral cross-over graft (n = 1) and poor attachment of a distal limb (n = 1).ConclusionsEVAR using stent grafts in the presence of an unfavourable neck has a high risk of complications. Medium-term survival in this group is low but mainly due to patient co-morbidities

  1. Estudo comparativo entre tratamento endovascular e cirurgia convencional na correção eletiva de aneurisma de aorta abdominal: revisão bibliográfica Endovascular elective treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm versus conventional open repair: a comparative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina P. Simão

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O tratamento eletivo do aneurisma de aorta abdominal é recomendado pela alta morbiletalidade decorrente da eventual ruptura. O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar o reparo endovascular eletivo com a cirurgia aberta e avaliar as mortalidades hospitalar e perioperatória, em 1 ano, por todas as causas e relacionadas ao aneurisma, a permanência hospitalar, as complicações, as taxas de sobrevida, conversão e reintervenção, a durabilidade do enxerto, o custo-benefício e a relação desses dados com o treinamento da equipe médica responsável pelo tratamento. Realizou-se uma revisão da literatura sobre reparo endovascular versus cirurgia convencional. Foram observados vantagem na sobrevivência perioperatória e menor estresse pós-cirúrgico; no entanto, os benefícios iniciais são perdidos por complicações e reintervenções tardias. Trabalhos baseados nas primeiras gerações de endopróteses superestimam as taxas de mortalidade em curto prazo, complicações e reintervenções. A durabilidade do enxerto, a real vantagem na sobrevida e o custo-benefício são incertos, e outros estudos são necessários para o seguimento em longo prazo.The elective treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm is recommended due to the high morbidity and mortality of a possible rupture. The objective of this study was to compare the elective endovascular aneurysm repair with open repair and to analyze the in-hospital and perioperative mortality rate during 1 year related to all causes and to the aneurysm, as well as the postoperative length of hospital stay, complications, survival rates, conversion and reintervention, graft durability, cost-benefit ratio, and relation with the medical team’s experience. A review of the scientific literature about endovascular versus open repair was carried out. We found a higher rate of perioperative survival and less postoperative stress; nevertheless, the initial benefits were lost due to late complications and reinterventions. First-generation endografts overestimated the early results of mortality rates, complications, and reinterventions. Endograft durability, real advantage of survival rates, and cost-benefits are uncertain and further long-term follow-up studies are necessary.

  2. Aneurysmal sizing after endovascular repair in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm: interobserver variability of various measurement protocols and its clinical relevance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abada, Hicham T.; Sapoval, Marc R.; Mousseaux, Elie; Gaux, Jean-Claude [Department of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, 20 rue Leblanc, 75015, Paris (France); Paul, Jean-Francois [Department of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, 20 rue Leblanc, 75015, Paris (France); Department of Radiology, Centre Chirugical Marie Lannelongue, 92350, Le Plessis-Robinson (France); De Maertelaer, Viviane [Statistical Unit, Interdisciplinary Research in Human Biology and Nuclear Medicine, University of Brussels, 1070, Brussels (Belgium)

    2003-12-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the variability of various measurement protocols for measurement of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and the clinical relevance of variability. Three radiologists performed computed tomographic angiography measurements of both the aorta and the largest portion of the aneurysm on selected axial slices. Then measurements of the largest portion of the aneurysm were performed on unselected axial slices, sagittal and coronal reformatted. Finally, aortic volume was calculated. Measurements and volume calculation were performed before and after endovascular repair and assessed: Part 1: interobserver variability for maximum anteroposterior (MAP) and maximum transverse (MTR) diameters on selected slices; part 2: interobserver variability for unselected slices considering MAP and MTR; part 3: interobserver variability considering maximum diameter in any direction (MAD); part 4: interobserver variability for sagittal (SAG) and coronal (COR) free curved multiplanar reformation (MPR); and part 5: volume calculations. We then determined which technique of measurement was the most clinically relevant for detecting changes in aneurysm size or aortic volume. Parts 1 and 2: interobserver variability was 4.1 mm for both MAP and MTR; part 3: interobserver variability was 7 mm for MAD; part 4: interobserver variability was 5.5 mm (COR) and 4.9 mm (SAG); part 5: interobserver variability for volume was 5.5 ml. A combination of MAP and MTR was the most useful for detecting aortic modification. Volume calculation was needed in only a few cases. We recommend avoiding MAD and MPR measurements and suggest instead measuring both maximum anteroposterior and maximum transverse diameters. If aneurysm size remains stable after endovascular repair, aneurysm volume should be measured. (orig.)

  3. Aneurysmal sizing after endovascular repair in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm: interobserver variability of various measurement protocols and its clinical relevance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to determine the variability of various measurement protocols for measurement of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and the clinical relevance of variability. Three radiologists performed computed tomographic angiography measurements of both the aorta and the largest portion of the aneurysm on selected axial slices. Then measurements of the largest portion of the aneurysm were performed on unselected axial slices, sagittal and coronal reformatted. Finally, aortic volume was calculated. Measurements and volume calculation were performed before and after endovascular repair and assessed: Part 1: interobserver variability for maximum anteroposterior (MAP) and maximum transverse (MTR) diameters on selected slices; part 2: interobserver variability for unselected slices considering MAP and MTR; part 3: interobserver variability considering maximum diameter in any direction (MAD); part 4: interobserver variability for sagittal (SAG) and coronal (COR) free curved multiplanar reformation (MPR); and part 5: volume calculations. We then determined which technique of measurement was the most clinically relevant for detecting changes in aneurysm size or aortic volume. Parts 1 and 2: interobserver variability was 4.1 mm for both MAP and MTR; part 3: interobserver variability was 7 mm for MAD; part 4: interobserver variability was 5.5 mm (COR) and 4.9 mm (SAG); part 5: interobserver variability for volume was 5.5 ml. A combination of MAP and MTR was the most useful for detecting aortic modification. Volume calculation was needed in only a few cases. We recommend avoiding MAD and MPR measurements and suggest instead measuring both maximum anteroposterior and maximum transverse diameters. If aneurysm size remains stable after endovascular repair, aneurysm volume should be measured. (orig.)

  4. Techniques in Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

    OpenAIRE

    Phade, Sachin V.; Manuel Garcia-Toca; Kibbe, Melina R

    2011-01-01

    Endovascular repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (EVARs) has revolutionized the treatment of aortic aneurysms, with over half of elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repairs performed endoluminally each year. Since the first endografts were placed two decades ago, many changes have been made in graft design, operative technique, and management of complications. This paper summarizes modern endovascular grafts, considerations in preoperative planning, and EVAR techniques. Specific ar...

  5. Improving Results of Elective Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair at a Low-Volume Hospital by Risk-Adjusted Selection of Treatment in the Endovascular Era

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several studies have observed both higher mortality rates and lower utilization of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) at low-volume centers. This article presents the results of elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair at a low-volume center in the endovascular era and investigates whether postprocedural mortality can be improved by extension of EVAR application also in this setting. This is an 11.6-year retrospective cohort study of 132 patients undergoing elective surgical or endovascular AAA repair at a tertiary care academic hospital between 1997 and July 2008, i.e., a median volume of 12 cases per year. The study was divided into two periods of time according to the respective indications and contraindications for EVAR, which substantially changed in 2005. During period 1, only aneurysms with necks ≥20 mm long and not involving the iliac arteries were treated endoluminally. Beginning in 2005, indication for EVAR was expanded to aortoiliac aneurysms with a minimum neck length of 15 mm. Preoperative risk was assessed by the SVS/AAVS comorbidity score. During the first period (1997-2004) 18.4% (16/87) of all patients received EVAR. By extending anatomical confines and indications for EVAR in 2005, the utilization rate of EVAR increased to 40.0% (18/45) during the second period (2005-July 2008; p = 0.007). Prevalence of preoperative risk factors did not change during the two observation periods. In contrast to period 1, high-risk patients were preferentially treated endoluminally during the second period, resulting in a significantly higher median SVS/AAVS score in the EVAR group (p < 0.001). A significant decrease in median length of stay at the intensive/intermediate care unit (5 vs. 2 days; p = 0.006) and length of in-hospital stay (20 vs. 12.5 days; p < 0.001) was observed during period 2. Overall perioperative mortality was reduced from 6.9% during the first period to 2.2% during the second period (p = 0.256). EVAR mortality was 0%, mortality after open repair was reduced from 8.5% to 3.7% (p = 0.414). In conclusion, by risk-adjusted selection of treatment and frequent application of EVAR, it is possible to improve perioperative outcome of elective AAA repair at a low-volume hospital. Mortality figures are similar to those of recent trials at high-volume centers, as reported in the literature.

  6. Multimodality Imaging Approach towards Primary Aortic Sarcomas Arising after Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair: Case Series Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamran, Mudassar; Fowler, Kathryn J; Mellnick, Vincent M; Sicard, Gregorio A; Narra, Vamsi R

    2016-06-01

    Primary aortic neoplasms are rare. Aortic sarcoma arising after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a scarce subset of primary aortic malignancies, reports of which are infrequent in the published literature. The diagnosis of aortic sarcoma is challenging due to its non-specific clinical presentation, and the prognosis is poor due to delayed diagnosis, rapid proliferation, and propensity for metastasis. Post-EVAR, aortic sarcomas may mimic other more common aortic processes on surveillance imaging. Radiologists are rarely knowledgeable about this rare entity for which multimodality imaging and awareness are invaluable in early diagnosis. A series of three pathologically confirmed cases are presented to display the multimodality imaging features and clinical presentations of aortic sarcoma arising after EVAR. PMID:26721588

  7. Bilateral prevascular herniae – A rare complication of aorto-uniiliac endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and femoro-femoral bypass

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    Obinna Obinwa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A case of a 78-year-old female with bilateral groin prevascular herniae following an emergency aorto-uniiliac EVAR and femoro-femoral bypass for a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm is presented. Primary repair of the herniae was achieved using a preperitoneal approach. The case emphasises a safe approach to dealing with this rare complication.

  8. Vascular surgical society of great britain and ireland: changes in proximal aortic neck dimensions following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker; MacIerewicz; Whitaker; Gregson; Hopkinson

    1999-05-01

    BACKGROUND: Dilatation of the proximal neck following conventional open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) has been reported. Such continued dilatation following endovascular repair (EVR) could potentially be a disaster resulting in graft slippage, endoleak and aneurysm rupture. The aim of this study was to detect any change in proximal neck diameter following EVR of AAAs. METHODS: One hundred patients had undergone EVR of an AAA over a 4-year period in whom contrast-enhanced spiral computed tomography was performed both before and after EVR (1 week, 3, 6 and 12 months and annually thereafter). Change in aortic proximal neck diameter, change in maximum aortic diameter, presence of endoleaks, and change in length from the lowest renal artery to the aortic bifurcation was sought. RESULTS: The median anteroposterior and transverse diameter decreased from 64 mm before operation to 56 and 54 mm respectively after operation. This trend in reduction in maximum diameter was not seen in patients with endoleaks. There was no significant change in proximal neck diameter when measured at 5-mm intervals following EVR. There was also no significant change in the aortic length following EVR. CONCLUSION: There was no evidence of proximal neck dilatation or aneurysm length reduction following EVR of AAAs. PMID:10361203

  9. Surveillance of patients post-endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). A web-based survey of practice in the UK

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To evaluate the current practice of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) surveillance amongst British Society of Interventional Radiologists (BSIR) members. Materials and methods: A web-based survey ( (Surveymonkey.com)) of BSIR members was performed from June 2011 to September 2011. Questions included who was responsible for organizing follow-up, techniques used in follow-up, and timing of follow-up imaging. Results: The majority (46%) of follow-up is organized by radiologists. In the first year, 74% of imaging interactions involves the use of computed tomography (CT), with 40% of respondents using multiple phases. After the first year, ultrasound is utilized more frequently, usually with plain films. Most patients receive imaging at 1, 6, and 12 months, and thereafter most respondents plan on indefinite yearly follow-up. Conclusion: EVAR follow-up protocols in the past have been empirical rather than evidence based. The present survey shows the current range of protocols used in the UK. Despite the frequent use of CT in the first year post-EVAR, there does appear to be a trend towards using ultrasound after the first year of follow-up

  10. Abdominal aorta morphometric study for endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms: comparison between spiral CT and angiography; Estudo morfometrico da aorta abdominal para tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas aorticos: comparacao entre tomografia helicoidal e angiografia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Espinosa, Gaudencio [Universidade Federal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Hospital Universitario Clementino Fraga Filho. Dept. de Cirurgia Vascular; Marchiori, Edson [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Radiologia]. E-mail: edmarchiori@zipmail.com.br; Caramalho, Monica Ferreira [Hospital Miguel Couto, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Barzola, Pedro [Medtronic-AVE do Brasil, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Araujo, Adalberto Pereira de

    2002-12-01

    Purpose: To compare the computed tomography and angiography study of abdominal aortic aneurysms for posterior endograft implant. Method: From June 1997 to March 2001, 113 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm were submitted to study of the aorto-iliac axis with abdominal spiral computed tomography and angiography with calibrated catheter. The patient's ages ranged from 51 and 88 years (mean: 69). There were 104 males and nine females. Results: When comparing the mean computed tomography and angiography diameters, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the infra-renal neck (p<0.05) and for the aortic aneurysm diameters (p<0.001). There was no statistical difference for the iliac artery diameters (p>0.05). When comparing the mean lengths, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the aortic infra-renal neck (p<0.05), for the distance between the renal artery and the aortic bifurcation (p<0.05) and for the common iliac artery lengths (p<0.05). There was also a statistical difference for the length between the renal artery and the internal iliac artery (p<0.05). Conclusions: In the AAA pre-procedure imaging study there were statistical differences between the computed tomography and angiographic measurement studies. We believe that computed tomography is a superior method for the evaluation of diameters and the angiography with a calibrated catheter for the length evaluation. We conclude, that both methods are complementary and must be undertaken for accurate evaluation of all candidates for aortic endograft implant. (author)

  11. Abdominal aorta morphometric study for endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms: comparison between spiral CT and angiography Estudo morfométrico da aorta abdominal para tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas aórticos: comparação entre tomografia helicoidal e angiografia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaudencio Espinosa

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To compare the computed tomography and angiography study of abdominal aortic aneurysms for posterior endograft implant. METHOD: From June 1997 to March 2001, 113 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm were submitted to study of the aorto-iliac axis with abdominal spiral computed tomography and angiography with calibrated catheter. The patient's ages ranged from 51 and 88 years (mean: 69. There were 104 males and nine females. RESULTS: When comparing the mean computed tomography and angiography diameters, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the infra-renal neck (p0.05. When comparing the mean lengths, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the aortic infra-renal neck (pOBJETIVOS: Este trabalho visa comparar a acurácia da tomografia computadorizada e da angiografia para avaliar os aneurismas de aorta abdominal (AAA para posterior implante de endoprótese vascular. MÉTODO: De junho de 1997 até março de 2001, foram atendidos 113 pacientes portadores de AAA, tendo sido submetidos a estudo por tomografia helicoidal computadorizada de abdome e pelve e angiografia com cateter centimetrado do eixo arterial aorto-ilíaco. A idade dos pacientes variou entre 51 e 88 anos (S:69a., sendo 104 do sexo masculino e nove do feminino. RESULTADOS: Quando comparadas as médias dos diâmetros aferidas pela tomografia computadorizada e pela angiografia, notou-se que a diferença do diâmetro foi significativa para o colo aórtico infra-renal (r 0,05. Quando comparadas as médias das extensões aferidas pela tomografia computadorizada e pela angiografia, notou-se que a diferença das extensões foi significativa para o colo aórtico infra-renal (r < 0,05, para a distância entre a artéria renal e a bifurcação aórtica (r < 0,05 e para as artérias ilíacas comuns (r < 0,05. A comparação entre as médias também foi significativa para a extensão entre a artéria renal e a artéria ilíaca interna (r < 0,05. CONCLUSÕES: Na avaliação por imagem dos AAA houve diferenças estatísticas significativas entre os dois métodos diagnósticos. A tomografia computadorizada aparentou ser o melhor método pré-operatório para a medida dos diâmetros, e a angiografia por cateter centimetrado para a avaliação das extensões (comprimentos. Portanto, os dois métodos se complementam, devendo ser realizados na avaliação de todos os pacientes candidatos ao implante de uma endoprótese aórtica.

  12. Endovascular therapy for abdominal aortic aneurysm and iliac artery aneurysm using SEAL aortic stent-graft: A single center experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of SEAL aortic stent-graft for abdominal aortoiliac aneurysms. Between October 2007 and January 2014, 33 patients with abdominal aortoiliac aneurysms were treated with SEAL aortic stent-graft. We evaluated the technical success rate, clinical and CT follow-up periods, major complications, need for additional interventional treatment, aneurysm-related mortality and clinical success rate. SEAL bifurcated aortic stent-graft was successfully placed in 32 patients (97%). Clinical and CT follow-up periods were 24 and 14 months, respectively. Endoleak developed in 13 patients (41%): spontaneous regression or decrease in 6, need for additional treatment in 4 and follow-up loss in 3. Significant stenosis of stent-graft occurred in 4 patients (12%) and was treated with stenting in 3. Migration of stent-graft was noted in 3 patients (9%) and treated with additional stent-grafting. Aneurysm-related mortality was 9% (3 of 33). The placement of SEAL stent-graft was effective in 26 patients (79%). The placement of SEAL aortic stent-graft was safe and effective in patients with aneurysms of abdominal aorta and iliac arteries. However, complicating endoleaks, stenosis and migration of the stent-graft developed during the follow-up. Therefore, regular CT follow-up seems to be mandatory.

  13. Endovascular therapy for abdominal aortic aneurysm and iliac artery aneurysm using SEAL aortic stent-graft: A single center experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Su Young; Kim, Jeong Ho; Byun, Sung Su; Kang, Jin Mo; Choi, Sang Tae; Park, Jae Hyung [Gachon University Gil Hospital, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-03-15

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of SEAL aortic stent-graft for abdominal aortoiliac aneurysms. Between October 2007 and January 2014, 33 patients with abdominal aortoiliac aneurysms were treated with SEAL aortic stent-graft. We evaluated the technical success rate, clinical and CT follow-up periods, major complications, need for additional interventional treatment, aneurysm-related mortality and clinical success rate. SEAL bifurcated aortic stent-graft was successfully placed in 32 patients (97%). Clinical and CT follow-up periods were 24 and 14 months, respectively. Endoleak developed in 13 patients (41%): spontaneous regression or decrease in 6, need for additional treatment in 4 and follow-up loss in 3. Significant stenosis of stent-graft occurred in 4 patients (12%) and was treated with stenting in 3. Migration of stent-graft was noted in 3 patients (9%) and treated with additional stent-grafting. Aneurysm-related mortality was 9% (3 of 33). The placement of SEAL stent-graft was effective in 26 patients (79%). The placement of SEAL aortic stent-graft was safe and effective in patients with aneurysms of abdominal aorta and iliac arteries. However, complicating endoleaks, stenosis and migration of the stent-graft developed during the follow-up. Therefore, regular CT follow-up seems to be mandatory.

  14. Endovascular abdominal aortic repair for AAA. Anatomical suitability and limitation in Japanese population according to the inclusion criteria of Zenith AAA stent graft

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Since 2007, the EVAR (endovascular abdominal aortic repair) grafts, Zenith, Excluder and Powerlink had been commercially available in Japan. However, a small iliac artery, typical of Japanese population especially in women, was a limiting factor to indicate EVAR. We analyzed the suitability of EVAR in Japanese population according to the inclusion criteria of Zenith AAA stent graft in the current study. From January 2006 to December 2007, 106 AAA (abdominal aortic aneurysm) patients (88 men, 18 women) with a mean age of 73 years were investigated in our institution by multi-slice CT scan in terms of suitability of EVAR, then we measured their abdominal aorta and iliac artery parameters as follows; proximal neck diameter (PND) and length (PNL), common iliac artery diameter (CIAD) and length (CIAL), suprarenal (SNA) and infrarenal neck angulation (INA), external iliac artery diameter (EIAD) and aortic length from the lowest renal artery to the aortic bifurcation (AOL). The inclusion criteria for Zenith AAA stent graft treatment were; PND: 18-28 mm, PNL more than 15 mm, unilateral CIAD less than 20 mm, CIAL at least 10 mm, SNA less than 45 degree and INA less than 60 degree, unilateral EIAD more than 7.5 mm. The indication of EVAR was 25.5% (27/106 patients), and was especially very low in women (5.6%) strictly according to the inclusion criteria of the Zenith AAA stent graft. The main reason of exclusion of EVAR was proximal short neck (40.5%), small iliac artery (30.4%) and infrarenal aortic neck angulation (29.1%). In our analysis, female AAA patients had small PNL and EIAD with angulated neck compared with male AAA ones. Anatomical suitability of EVAR in Japanese population strictly following by the inclusion criteria of Zenith AAA stent graft was low due to their characteristic differences from the European Union (EU) and the United States (US) patients, such as short proximal neck, steep neck angulation and small iliac artery, especially in women. More flexible or branched/fenestrated grafts with a low profile sheath may be essential to be indicated EVAR in more Japanese AAA patients. (author)

  15. Adherencias abdominales postquirúrgicas en equinos: patofisiología, prevención y tratamiento Post-surgical abdominal adhesions in horses: pathophysiology, prevention and treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Werner

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A pesar del gran número de investigaciones realizadas tanto en medicina humana como en medicina veterinaria, las adherencias intraabdominales continúan siendo una complicación para los cirujanos en la actualidad. El desarrollo de adherencias intraabdominales es un proceso dinámico y complejo que involucra una serie de eventos que comienzan con un proceso inflamatorio y daño tisular, seguido de desbalances en los procesos de fibrinogénesis y fibrinólisis, terminando con la conversión de fibrina a tejido fibroso. En cirugías de intestino delgado en equinos, la incidencia de adherencias va de 14 a 22%, siendo la causa más común de dolor abdominal recurrente y la segunda causa de celiotomías repetidas. Sin embargo, al incluir todas las causas de cirugías abdominales, en esta especie la incidencia de adherencias es de aproximadamente un 5%. El mayor conocimiento del mecanismo celular de la formación y reformación de adherencias debe llevar a reducir su incidencia. Actualmente, existen una serie de métodos de prevención y tratamientos destinados a disminuir o evitar la aparición de adherencias intraabdominales. El objetivo de esta revisión bibliográfica fue el de recopilar la mayor información disponible e investigaciones que expliquen de mejor manera la fisiopatología, prevención y tratamiento de la formación de adherencias intraabdominales.Despite the great number of human and veterinary medicine research, abdominal adhesions are still a big concern and a frequent complication for surgeons. The development of abdominal adhesions is a complex and dynamic process that involves a series of different mechanisms that start with an inflammatory process and tissue damage, followed by a fibrinogenic and fibrinolytic unbalance and ends with a change from fibrin deposit to fibrous tissue. In horses, after small intestine surgeries, adhesion incidence ranges from 14 to 22%. It is the most frequent cause of recurrent abdominal pain and the second cause for repeat celiotomy. Nevertheless, when all equine abdominal surgeries are included, the incidence of postoperative adhesions approximates 5%. A better understanding of the cellular mechanisms of adhesion formation and reformation should help to develop better prevention methods. Currently, a variety of prevention measures and treatments, most of them aiming to reduce or avoid adhesions formation, are used in veterinary medicine. The aim of this review is to gather most of the available information and the latest research explaining the pathophysiology, prevention and treatment of abdominal adhesions in horses.

  16. Automatic pose initialization for accurate 2D/3D registration applied to abdominal aortic aneurysm endovascular repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miao, Shun; Lucas, Joseph; Liao, Rui

    2012-02-01

    Minimally invasive abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) stenting can be greatly facilitated by overlaying the preoperative 3-D model of the abdominal aorta onto the intra-operative 2-D X-ray images. Accurate 2-D/3-D registration in 3-D space makes the 2-D/3-D overlay robust to the change of C-Arm angulations. By far, the 2-D/3-D registration methods based on simulated X-ray projection images using multiple image planes have been shown to be able to provide satisfactory 3-D registration accuracy. However, one drawback of the intensity-based 2-D/3-D registration methods is that the similarity measure is usually highly non-convex and hence the optimizer can easily be trapped into local minima. User interaction therefore is often needed in the initialization of the position of the 3-D model in order to get a successful 2-D/3-D registration. In this paper, a novel 3-D pose initialization technique is proposed, as an extension of our previously proposed bi-plane 2-D/3-D registration method for AAA intervention [4]. The proposed method detects vessel bifurcation points and spine centerline in both 2-D and 3-D images, and utilizes landmark information to bring the 3-D volume into a 15mm capture range. The proposed landmark detection method was validated on real dataset, and is shown to be able to provide a good initialization for 2-D/3-D registration in [4], thus making the workflow fully automatic.

  17. Comparison of Efficacy of Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Versus Open Surgical Repair in Middle/High-Risk Patients With Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Chang-Lie; Song, Zhi-Hong; Wang, Fan

    2016-01-01

    To explore the efficacy of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) compared with traditional open surgical repair (OSR) in the treatment of middle/high-risk patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). With a retrospective method, we analyzed the clinical data of 57 patients with middle/high-risk AAA admitted to Linyi People's Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from January 2010 to January 2014. Twenty-eight of the 57 patients received EVAR and 29 others received OSR. Statistical analysis was conducted by the design of spreadsheet according to preoperative, intraoperative, perioperative, and postoperative follow-up relevant information. Our study showed that the difference in baseline characteristics of different therapies in middle/high-risk AAA patients was not statistically significant in preoperative period (P > 0.05). In intraoperative period, the efficacy of middle/high-risk AAA patients in EVAR group was significantly superior to OSR group in terms of blood loss, blood transfusion, and general anesthesia rate (all P < 0.01). In perioperative period, the ICU observation time and the average fasting time of middle/high-risk AAA patients in EVAR group were remarkably lower than OSR group (all P < 0.01), but the average hospital stay and the operation cost of middle/high-risk AAA patients in EVAR group were notably higher than OSR group. In postoperative follow-up period, OSR group was identified with a lower incidence of surgery-related complications than EVAR group (P < 0.05), but EVAR group was demonstrated with a higher survival rate than OSR group (P < 0.05); after 12 months of follow-up, SF-36 scale scores in OSR group were higher than EVAR group (P < 0.05). In conclusion, EVAR may have a better short-term effect, whereas OSR may have a better long-term effect in the treatment of middle/high-risk AAA patients. PMID:26295612

  18. Dual-energy CT in the follow-up after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair; Dual-Energy CT zur postoperativen Langzeitkontrolle nach endovaskulaer therapierten abdominellen Aortenaneurysmen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Braegelmann, A.; Heindel, W.; Seifarth, H. [Universitaetsklinikum Muenster (Germany). Inst. fuer Klinische Radiologie; Bunck, A.; Maintz, D. [Universitaetsklinikum Muenster (Germany). Inst. fuer Klinische Radiologie; Universitaetsklinikum Koeln (Germany). Inst. und Poliklinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik; Donas, K.; Kasprzak, B. [Universitaetsklinikum Muenster (Germany). Klinik fuer Vaskulaere und Endovaskulaere Chirurgie

    2013-04-15

    This study investigates the dual-energy procedure for postoperative CT follow-up scans after endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms. The procedure is analyzed with respect to its sensitivity and specificity as well as the associated radiation exposure. 51 examinations were carried out on 47 patients between February 2009 and March 2010. For each patient, a non-enhanced, an arterial and a venous scan were conducted, the latter two using the dual-energy technology. Virtual images for the non-enhanced phase were reconstructed from the data taken in the venous phase. Protocol A, the reference standard, consisted of non-enhanced images and images of the arterial and venous phase. In protocol B, standard non-enhanced images were replaced by the reconstructed virtual non-enhanced images. Protocol C consisted only of virtual non-enhanced and 80 kV images taken during the venous phase. All data was anonymized and evaluated by two independent radiologists. For protocol C, sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values were computed. The effective radiation dosage was determined for each scan. All endoleaks identified in protocol A were found using protocols B and C. For protocol C, the sensitivity and negative predictive value were 100 %, the specificity was 94.1 %, and the positive predictive value was 89.5 %. Compared to protocol A, protocol C reduces the radiation exposure by 62.45 %. A scan protocol consisting of virtual non-enhanced images as well as 80 kV images taken during the venous phase was found to be a reliable alternative method for diagnosing endoleaks, while reducing the radiation exposure by 62.45 %. (orig.)

  19. Successful staged management of simultaneous abdominal aortic aneurysm and renal tumor: the novel minimally invasive treatment with endovascular aneurysm repair and retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in an elderly and high-risk case

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kira, Satoru; Sawada, Norifumi; Kudou, Shouji; Zakoji, Hidenori; Kaga, Shigeaki; Matsumoto, Masahiko; Takeda, Masayuki

    2012-01-01

    The association between abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and renal tumor is becoming more frequent, and the increasing incidence of this synchronous diseases raised questions about the procedures of treatment. In most of the previous cases, open nephrectomy and AAA surgery have been reported, however in high risk and elderly patients, the procedure is life threatening. We present a successful staged treatment of AAA and renal tumor using novel minimally invasive treatment with endovascular aneurysm repair and retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in an elderly and high-risk case. PMID:24765444

  20. Successful staged management of simultaneous abdominal aortic aneurysm and renal tumor: the novel minimally invasive treatment with endovascular aneurysm repair and retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in an elderly and high-risk case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satoru Kira

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The association between abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA and renal tumor is becoming more frequent, and the increasing incidence of this synchronous diseases raised questions about the procedures of treatment. In most of the previous cases, open nephrectomy and AAA surgery have been reported, however in high risk and elderly patients, the procedure is life threatening. We present a successful staged treatment of AAA and renal tumor using novel minimally invasive treatment with endovascular aneurysm repair and retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in an elderly and high-risk case.

  1. Transección traumática aguda de la aorta torácica: Tratamiento endovascular Endovascular treatment of acute traumatic rupture of the thoracic aorta: Report of one case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Sepúlveda Sch

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available Traumatic rupture of the aorta has a near 80% mortality. Most patients die on the site of the accident. Conventional surgical repair of these lesions has a high morbidity and mortality, generally associated to the severity of associated lesions. Over the last decade, endovascular treatment has become an effective therapeutic alternative. We report a 40 years old male, that suffered a traumatic rupture of the descending thoracic aorta in a car accident. A successful endovascular repair was performed, installing an endoprothesis on the site of the lesion, using a femoral artery approach. The patient had a good postoperative evolution and was discharged from the hospital once complete rehabilitation of his associated lesions was obtained (Rev Méd Chile 2003; 131: 309-13.

  2. Evaluation of the proximal aortic neck enlargement following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: 3-years experience

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Napoli, Vinicio; Bargellini, Irene; Petruzzi, Pasquale; Cioni, Roberto; Vignali, Claudio; Bartolozzi, Carlo [Division of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Department of Oncology, Transplants and Advanced Technologies in Medicine, University of Pisa, Via Roma 67, 56126, Pisa (Italy); Sardella, Savino G.; Ferrari, Mauro [Division of Vascular Surgery, Cisanello Hospital, Pisa (Italy)

    2003-08-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate incidence, potential risk factors and effects on stent-graft migration of proximal neck dilatation after endoluminal repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR), and the role of ultrasound (US) in detecting neck enlargement. From November 1998 to October 2001, 90 patients underwent EVAR. On follow-up, US and CT angiography (CTA) were performed, and diameters of the suprarenal and infrarenal aortic necks were monitored. Incidence of significant neck enlargement ({>=}2.5 mm) and distal stent-graft migration (>10 mm) was calculated. Several factors were evaluated as predictive of neck enlargement. Ultrasound and CTA measurements were compared. The US and CTA examinations were available in 68, 39, and 11 patients at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up (mean follow-up 15 months). Incidence of significant neck dilatation was 21.8% at the infrarenal level (13, 33, and 36% at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up) and 13.8% at the suprarenal level (9, 18, and 27% at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up). Significant stent-graft migration occurred in 14 of 87 patients (16%) and was associated with neck dilatation in 8 (2 suprarenal and 6 infrarenal). No risk factors were identified. Ultrasound was less accurate than CT in measuring neck diameter, in particular at the suprarenal level. Proximal aortic neck enlargement occurs in up to 30% of patients after EVAR and represents the main risk factor for stent-graft migration. The risk of infrarenal neck dilatation is higher at 2 years follow-up, whereas the suprarenal neck enlarges later. Ultrasound is not useful in monitoring neck diameter. (orig.)

  3. Evaluation of the proximal aortic neck enlargement following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: 3-years experience

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this study was to evaluate incidence, potential risk factors and effects on stent-graft migration of proximal neck dilatation after endoluminal repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR), and the role of ultrasound (US) in detecting neck enlargement. From November 1998 to October 2001, 90 patients underwent EVAR. On follow-up, US and CT angiography (CTA) were performed, and diameters of the suprarenal and infrarenal aortic necks were monitored. Incidence of significant neck enlargement (?2.5 mm) and distal stent-graft migration (>10 mm) was calculated. Several factors were evaluated as predictive of neck enlargement. Ultrasound and CTA measurements were compared. The US and CTA examinations were available in 68, 39, and 11 patients at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up (mean follow-up 15 months). Incidence of significant neck dilatation was 21.8% at the infrarenal level (13, 33, and 36% at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up) and 13.8% at the suprarenal level (9, 18, and 27% at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up). Significant stent-graft migration occurred in 14 of 87 patients (16%) and was associated with neck dilatation in 8 (2 suprarenal and 6 infrarenal). No risk factors were identified. Ultrasound was less accurate than CT in measuring neck diameter, in particular at the suprarenal level. Proximal aortic neck enlargement occurs in up to 30% of patients after EVAR and represents the main risk factor for stent-graft migration. The risk of infrarenal neck dilatation is higher at 2 years follow-up, whereas the suprarenal neck enlarges later. Ultrasound is not useful in monitoring neck diameter. (orig.)

  4. Fluid-structure interaction of a patient-specific abdominal aortic aneurysm treated with an endovascular stent-graft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McGloughlin Tim M

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA are local dilatations of the infrarenal aorta. If left untreated they may rupture and lead to death. One form of treatment is the minimally invasive insertion of a stent-graft into the aneurysm. Despite this effective treatment aneurysms may occasionally continue to expand and this may eventually result in post-operative rupture of the aneurysm. Fluid-structure interaction (FSI is a particularly useful tool for investigating aneurysm biomechanics as both the wall stresses and fluid forces can be examined. Methods Pre-op, Post-op and Follow-up models were reconstructed from CT scans of a single patient and FSI simulations were performed on each model. The FSI approach involved coupling Abaqus and Fluent via a third-party software - MpCCI. Aneurysm wall stress and compliance were investigated as well as the drag force acting on the stent-graft. Results Aneurysm wall stress was reduced from 0.38 MPa before surgery to a value of 0.03 MPa after insertion of the stent-graft. Higher stresses were seen in the aneurysm neck and iliac legs post-operatively. The compliance of the aneurysm was also reduced post-operatively. The peak Post-op axial drag force was found to be 4.85 N. This increased to 6.37 N in the Follow-up model. Conclusion In a patient-specific case peak aneurysm wall stress was reduced by 92%. Such a reduction in aneurysm wall stress may lead to shrinkage of the aneurysm over time. Hence, post-operative stress patterns may help in determining the likelihood of aneurysm shrinkage post EVAR. Post-operative remodelling of the aneurysm may lead to increased drag forces.

  5. Fluid-structure interaction of a patient-specific abdominal aortic aneurysm treated with an endovascular stent-graft.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Molony, David S

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are local dilatations of the infrarenal aorta. If left untreated they may rupture and lead to death. One form of treatment is the minimally invasive insertion of a stent-graft into the aneurysm. Despite this effective treatment aneurysms may occasionally continue to expand and this may eventually result in post-operative rupture of the aneurysm. Fluid-structure interaction (FSI) is a particularly useful tool for investigating aneurysm biomechanics as both the wall stresses and fluid forces can be examined. METHODS: Pre-op, Post-op and Follow-up models were reconstructed from CT scans of a single patient and FSI simulations were performed on each model. The FSI approach involved coupling Abaqus and Fluent via a third-party software - MpCCI. Aneurysm wall stress and compliance were investigated as well as the drag force acting on the stent-graft. RESULTS: Aneurysm wall stress was reduced from 0.38 MPa before surgery to a value of 0.03 MPa after insertion of the stent-graft. Higher stresses were seen in the aneurysm neck and iliac legs post-operatively. The compliance of the aneurysm was also reduced post-operatively. The peak Post-op axial drag force was found to be 4.85 N. This increased to 6.37 N in the Follow-up model. CONCLUSION: In a patient-specific case peak aneurysm wall stress was reduced by 92%. Such a reduction in aneurysm wall stress may lead to shrinkage of the aneurysm over time. Hence, post-operative stress patterns may help in determining the likelihood of aneurysm shrinkage post EVAR. Post-operative remodelling of the aneurysm may lead to increased drag forces.

  6. Embolization for type 2 endoleak with sac expansion after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: safety and effectiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kajiwara, Kenji; Yamagami, Takuji; Urashima, Masaki; Tomiyoshi, Hideki; Kakizawa, Hideaki; Yoshimatsu, Rika; Ishikawa, Masaki; Awai, Kazuo

    2016-01-01

    To evaluate the safety and outcome of embolization as treatment for persistent type 2 endoleak (T2EL) occurring after abdominal aortic stent graft implantation. This retrospective study included seven consecutive patients (one female, six males, mean age 72 years, range 66-88 years) with T2EL between January 2011 and September 2012. In all, T2EL was associated with an increase more than 5 mm in the aneurysm. The endoleak cavity or feeding artery was embolized with coils and/or n-butyl cyanoacrylate. Clinical success was defined as regression or stabilization of the aneurysm sac irrespective of residual endoleaks on follow-up CT studies. At the time of T2EL intervention, mean aneurysm sac diameter was 63 mm (range 52-72 mm), and mean increase size of aneurysm sac diameter was 7 mm (range 5-13). Mean follow-up period was 6.0 ± 6.2 months (range 3-18 months). Our technical success rate was 100 %. Clinical success was obtained in 5 (71.4 %) of the seven patients. One patient was embolized three times due to sac expansion. T2EL was treated by transarterial embolization in eight procedures, and one procedure was performed by direct puncture embolization. There were no major complications; two procedures elicited minor complications: transient back pain and muscle weakness of the left lower leg. We suggest embolization was safe and effective treatment, a less invasive treatment option comparison to open repair, as one choice to address T2EL. PMID:27006871

  7. Endovascular therapy of abdominal aortic aneurysm: results of a mid-term follow-up; Endovaskulaere Therapie von abdominellen Aortenaneurysmen: Klinisch-radiologishe Ergebnisse im mittelfristigen Verlauf

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pitton, M.B.; Schweitzer, H.; Herber, S.; Thelen, M. [Universitaetsklinik Mainz (Germany). Klinik fuer Radiologie; Schmiedt, W.; Neufang, A. [Universitaetsklinik Mainz (Germany). Klinik fuer Herz-, Thorax-, und Gefaesschirurgie; Dueber, C. [Universitaetsklinikum Mannheim (Germany). Inst. fuer Diagnostische Radiologie

    2003-10-01

    Prospective study to evaluate clinical results and complications of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment in a mid-term follow-up. Materials and methods: A total of 122 patients (9 females, 113 males, average age 70.0{+-}7,9 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with stent grafts (53 Vanguard or Stentor endografts, 69 Talent endografts). Group I consisted of 40 patients who had all aortic tributaries of the aneurysm sac occluded prior to endovalscular grafting, either spontaneously by parietal thrombosis or by selective coil embolization of the respective ostia preserving collateral circulation distal to the vessel occlusion. Group II consisted of 82 patients and included all cases without or with incomplete coil embolization with at least one patent vessel. Stent grafting was performed in general anesthesia in the first 21 patients, followed by peridural anesthesia in 15 cases, and local anesthesia with conscious sedation in 86 cases. The results were evaluated with Spiral-CT, MRI and radiographs of the endovascular graft, with follow-up examinations obtained at 3, 6, 12 months, and every year - Implantation was successfully completed in all cases without primary conversion surgery, laparotomy or any significant complication. Mean follow-up was 29{+-}21 months (maximum 82 months). The 30-day mortality was 0,8% due to a myocardial infarction 3 days after discharge from the hospital. A total of 47 re-interventions were performed in 29 patients (23.8%), with 35 re-interventions in 18 cases with Vanguard or Stentor endografts and 12 re-interventions in 11 patients with Talent endografts. 23 percutaneous re-interventions included distal graft extension (n=11), Wallstent for kinking and limb stenosis (n=3), and secondary coil embolization of collateral vessels (n=9). 24 surgical re-interventions included proximal graft extension (n=6), new endovascular grafts (n=3), surgical clipping of lumbar and mesenteric artery branches for type-II endoleaks following ineffective secondary coil embolization (n=1), and femorofemoral crossover bypasses (n=4). A total of 10 secondary conversion operations were performed because of damage to the membrane (n=4; 3 Vanguard endografts, 1 Talent endograft), significant caudal migrations (n=5; 4 Vanguard endografts, 1 Talent endograft) associated with type-I endoleaks (n=2), limb occlusion (n=1), disconnection of graft components (n=1), and significant endoluminal thrombus deposits (n=1). One patient, who was followed for 82 months, suffered from a significant endoleak for 10 months with increasing aneurysm diameter but he refused surgery. He was admitted with aneurysm perforation and was successfully operated with aortic graft replacement. Compared to group II, the incidence and size of endoleaks was reduced in group I (incidence 19.2% versus 29.9%, p<0.05). Group I demonstrated significantly better aneurysm shrinkage at 36 months follow-up ({delta} sagittal diameter -11.1{+-}8.4 mm versus -4.9{+-}6.2 mm, p<0.05). (orig.) [German] Zielsetzung: Prospektive Studie zur Erfassung der klinisch-radiologischen Ergebnisse und Komplikationen im mittelfristigen Verlauf nach endovaskulaerer Aneurysmatherapie. Material und Methoden: 122 Patienten (9 Frauen, 113 Maenner, Alter 70,9{+-}7,9 Jahre) mit abdominellen Aortenaneurysmen wurden mittels Stentprothesen endovaskulaer behandelt (Vanguard/Stentor n=53, Talent n=69). Patienten mit verschlossenen aortalen Seitenaesten im Aneurysmabereich (spontan oder, nach Embolisationsbehandlung) wurden in Gruppe I (n=40) zusammengefasst, Patienten mit mindestens einem perfundierten Seitenast in Gruppe II (n=82). Die Implantationen erfolgten zunaechst in Allgemeinnarkose (n=21), spaeter in Periduralanaesthesie (n=15) und schliesslich in Lokalanaestesie (n=86). Die Ergebniskontrollen erfolgten mittels Spiral-CT, MRT und Stent-Radiographie postinterventionell, nach 3, 6 und 12 Monaten, dann jaehrlich. Ergebnisse: Die Implantationen wurden in allen Faellen erfolgreich durchgefuehrt, ohne primaere Konversionsoperationen, Laparotomien oder sonstige schwerwiegende Komplikationen. Die Nachbeobachtung betrug 29{+-}21 Monate, maximal 84 Monate. Die 30-Tage-Mortalitaet betrug 0,8% (Myokardinfarkt 3 Tage nach Entlassung aus stationaerer Behandlung). Bei 29 Patienten (23,8%) waren Reinterventionen erforderlich (35 Eingriffe bei 18 Vanguard-Prothesen, 12 Eingriffe bei 11 Talent-Prothesen): 23 perkutane Eingriffe (distale Stentextensionen [n=11], Wallstents zur Beseitigung von Schenkelstenosen/-knickungen [n=3], sekundaere Embolisationen von aortalen Seitenaesten wegen Endoleaks [n=9]) und 24 operative Re-Eingriffe (proximale Stentextension [n=6], neue Stentprothesen [n=3], operatives Clipping von Seitenaesten [n=1], femorofemorale Querbypasses [n=4], sekundaere Konversionsoperationen [n=10]). (orig.) [abstract truncated

  8. The Impact of Body Mass Index on Perioperative Outcomes of Open and Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair from the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program 2005–2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giles, Kristina A; Wyers, Mark C; Pomposelli, Frank B; Hamdan, Allen D; Ching, Y Avery; Schermerhorn, Marc L

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVES Obesity and morbid obesity have been shown to increase wound infections and occasionally mortality after many surgical procedures. Little is known about the relative impact of body mass index on these outcomes after open (OAR) and endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). METHODS The 2005–2007 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP), a multi-institutional risk-adjusted database, was retrospectively queried to compare perioperative mortality (in-hospital or 30-day) and postoperative wound infections after OAR and EVAR. Patient demographics, comorbidities, and operative details were analyzed. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated from height and weight variables and definitions of obesity and morbid obesity were defined as BMI > 30kg/m2 and BMI > 40kg/m2 respectively. Student's T-test, Wilcoxon Rank Sum, Chi-square, and multivariate logistic regression were used to compare outcomes. RESULTS There were 2,097 OAR and 3,358 EVAR. Compared to EVAR, OAR patients were younger, more likely to be female (26% vs. 17%, P < .001), and less obese (27% vs. 32%, P < .001). Mortality was 3.7% vs. 1.2% after OAR vs. EVAR respectively (RR 3.1, P < .001) and overall morbidity was 28% vs. 12% (RR 2.3, P < .001). Morbidly obese patients had a higher mortality for both OAR (7.3%) and EVAR (2.4%) than obese patients (3.9% OAR; 1.5% EVAR) or non-obese patients (3.7% OAR; 1.1% EVAR). Obese patients had a higher rate of wound infection vs. non-obese after open repair (6.3% vs. 2.4%, P < .001) and EVAR (3.3% vs. 1.5%, P < .001). Morbid obesity predicted mortality after OAR but not EVAR and obesity was an independent predictor of wound infection after OAR and EVAR. CONCLUSIONS Morbid obesity confers a worse outcome for mortality after AAA repair. Obesity is also a risk factor for infectious complications after OAR and EVAR. Obese patients and particularly morbidly obese patients should be treated with EVAR when anatomically feasible. PMID:20843627

  9. Tratamiento endovascular del aneurisma de aorta descendente en el adolescente con síndrome de Marfan: Reporte de un caso Endovascular treatment of an aneurysm of the descending aorta in an adolescent with Marfan syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan G Barrera

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Se expone el caso de un adolescente de 14 años de edad, con síndrome de Marfan y antecedente de tres cirugías cardiovasculares previas: valvuloplastia aórtica y mitral a los cinco años y valvuloplastia aórtica y reconstrucción de la aorta torácica con tubo de pericardio bovino a sus diez años. En primer tiempo quirúrgico se realizó reemplazo valvular aórtico por válvula mecánica y valvuloplastia mitral y tricuspidea, y en segundo tiempo quirúrgico, durante la misma hospitalización, exclusión endovascular de aneurisma de aorta descendente asintomático sin complicaciones. Antes del egreso se diagnosticó una endofuga tipo II que se manejó con observación clínica. Luego de un año del procedimiento, los controles clínico y tomográfico son satisfactorios.We describe the case of a 14-year-old adolescent with Marfan syndrome and a history of three previous cardiovascular surgeries: aortic and mitral valve replacement at the age of 5 and aortic valve replacement and reconstruction of the thoracic aorta with a tube of bovine pericardium at the age of ten. In the first surgical procedure the aortic valve was replaced by a mechanical valve, and mitral and tricuspid valvuloplasty was performed. In a second surgical procedure during the same hospitalization, endovascular exclusion of the asymptomatic descending aortic aneurysm was realized without complications. Before discharge, a type II endoleak was diagnosed and managed through clinical observation. After a year of the procedure, clinical and tomographic controls are satisfactory.

  10. Existen ventajas en el abordaje extraperitoneal para el tratamiento del aneurisma de aorta abdominal? Are there advantages in the extraperitoneal approach for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heinz Hiller

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Existen controversias acerca de las posibles ventajas del abordaje transperitoneal vs. extraperitoneal en la cirugía de aneurisma de aorta abdominal; con este último, algunos estudios reportan menor morbilidad y complicaciones operatorias. Este estudio describe los resultados que se obtuvieron con los dos abordajes en un solo centro de referencia. Es un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, de doce años, en un grupo de 299 pacientes con diagnóstico de aneurisma de aorta abdominal que fueron intervenidos de manera electiva y distribuidos en dos grupos según el abordaje (transperitoneal = grupo 1, extraperitoneal = grupo 2. En total se operaron 93 pacientes en el grupo 1 y 206 pacientes en el 2. En ambos predominaron pacientes del sexo masculino. La edad media fue de 68 años. Las frecuencias de co-morbilidades fueron similares en los dos grupos. Se registró una tendencia a menor número de reoperaciones en el grupo 2 (12,9% vs. 5,8%, De otra parte, se observó una tendencia de mayores complicaciones post-operatorias en el grupo 1 con una frecuencia de 30,1% vs. 12,6% en el grupo 2; sin embargo, el tipo de complicaciones fue similar. Los resultados mostraron una estancia hospitalaria media de 13,3 días (DE ± 10,4 vs. 7,19 días (DE ± 4,20 p= 0,00001, estancia post-operatoria media de 9,16 días (DE ± 8,1 vs. 5,62 días (DE ± 3,46 p= 0,001 y estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos media de 2,76 días (DE ± 4,19 vs. 1,56 días (DE ± 1,86 p= 0,00001 en los grupos 1 y 2 respectivamente. La mortalidad inmediata total fue de 3,3%. La frecuencia de mortalidad para los grupos fue de 6,5% (n= 6 vs. 1,9% (n= 4 respectivamente. En nuestra experiencia el abordaje por la vía extraperitoneal presenta una tendencia favorable para los pacientes en cuanto a la estancia hospitalaria, la estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, la frecuencia de complicaciones post-operatorias y la frecuencia de re-intervenciones en el post-operatorio inmediato. Debido al tamaño de la muestra no puede concluirse que hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en cuanto a la mortalidad; sin embargo se observó una tendencia a la reducción de la misma con el abordaje extraperitoneal.There are current controversies over the benefits of the extraperitoneal vs the transperitoneal approach for repairing an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Several studies report a reduction in morbidity and mortality with the former approach. This study reports the short term results using both approaches at one reference center. This is a 12 year, retrospective descriptive study of 299 patients who underwent an elective open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, distributed in two groups: transperitoneal approach group=1, extraperitoneal approach group=2. A total of 93 patients in group 1 and 206 in group 2 were intervened, mainly male patients with an median age of 68 years. The frequencies of co-morbidities were similar in both groups. There was a reduced tendency of reoperations in group 2 (12.9%vs 5.8%, and a greater tendency of postoperative complications in group 1 (30.1% vs 12.6%. However, the types complications were similar. The results show a median hospital stay of 13.3 days (SD+- 10,4 vs. 7.19 days (SD+- 4.20 p=0.00001, median post-operative stay of 9.16 days (SD-+ 8,1 vs. 5.62 days (SD+- 3,46 p= 0.001 and median intensive unit stay of 2.76 days (SD+-4.19 vs 1.56 days (SD+-1.86 p=0.00001 in group 1 y 2 respectively. Early global mortality was 3.3% with a distribution frequency of 6.5% (n=6 in group 1 and 1.9% (n=4 in group 2. In our experience, the extraperitoneal approach offers better results regarding hospital, postoperative and intensive care unit stay, as well as post-operative re-operation rates and complications. Because of the small sample size, the mortality difference was not statistically significant; however, we found an important tendency towards improved mortality rates with this approach.

  11. Existen ventajas en el abordaje extraperitoneal para el tratamiento del aneurisma de aorta abdominal? / Are there advantages in the extraperitoneal approach for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm?

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Heinz, Hiller; Jaime, Camacho; Julián, Moreno.

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Existen controversias acerca de las posibles ventajas del abordaje transperitoneal vs. extraperitoneal en la cirugía de aneurisma de aorta abdominal; con este último, algunos estudios reportan menor morbilidad y complicaciones operatorias. Este estudio describe los resultados que se obtuvieron con l [...] os dos abordajes en un solo centro de referencia. Es un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, de doce años, en un grupo de 299 pacientes con diagnóstico de aneurisma de aorta abdominal que fueron intervenidos de manera electiva y distribuidos en dos grupos según el abordaje (transperitoneal = grupo 1, extraperitoneal = grupo 2). En total se operaron 93 pacientes en el grupo 1 y 206 pacientes en el 2. En ambos predominaron pacientes del sexo masculino. La edad media fue de 68 años. Las frecuencias de co-morbilidades fueron similares en los dos grupos. Se registró una tendencia a menor número de reoperaciones en el grupo 2 (12,9% vs. 5,8%), De otra parte, se observó una tendencia de mayores complicaciones post-operatorias en el grupo 1 con una frecuencia de 30,1% vs. 12,6% en el grupo 2; sin embargo, el tipo de complicaciones fue similar. Los resultados mostraron una estancia hospitalaria media de 13,3 días (DE ± 10,4) vs. 7,19 días (DE ± 4,20) p= 0,00001, estancia post-operatoria media de 9,16 días (DE ± 8,1) vs. 5,62 días (DE ± 3,46) p= 0,001 y estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos media de 2,76 días (DE ± 4,19) vs. 1,56 días (DE ± 1,86) p= 0,00001 en los grupos 1 y 2 respectivamente. La mortalidad inmediata total fue de 3,3%. La frecuencia de mortalidad para los grupos fue de 6,5% (n= 6) vs. 1,9% (n= 4) respectivamente. En nuestra experiencia el abordaje por la vía extraperitoneal presenta una tendencia favorable para los pacientes en cuanto a la estancia hospitalaria, la estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, la frecuencia de complicaciones post-operatorias y la frecuencia de re-intervenciones en el post-operatorio inmediato. Debido al tamaño de la muestra no puede concluirse que hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en cuanto a la mortalidad; sin embargo se observó una tendencia a la reducción de la misma con el abordaje extraperitoneal. Abstract in english There are current controversies over the benefits of the extraperitoneal vs the transperitoneal approach for repairing an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Several studies report a reduction in morbidity and mortality with the former approach. This study reports the short term results using both [...] approaches at one reference center. This is a 12 year, retrospective descriptive study of 299 patients who underwent an elective open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, distributed in two groups: transperitoneal approach group=1, extraperitoneal approach group=2. A total of 93 patients in group 1 and 206 in group 2 were intervened, mainly male patients with an median age of 68 years. The frequencies of co-morbidities were similar in both groups. There was a reduced tendency of reoperations in group 2 (12.9%vs 5.8%), and a greater tendency of postoperative complications in group 1 (30.1% vs 12.6%). However, the types complications were similar. The results show a median hospital stay of 13.3 days (SD+- 10,4) vs. 7.19 days (SD+- 4.20) p=0.00001, median post-operative stay of 9.16 days (SD-+ 8,1) vs. 5.62 days (SD+- 3,46) p= 0.001 and median intensive unit stay of 2.76 days (SD+-4.19) vs 1.56 days (SD+-1.86) p=0.00001 in group 1 y 2 respectively. Early global mortality was 3.3% with a distribution frequency of 6.5% (n=6) in group 1 and 1.9% (n=4) in group 2. In our experience, the extraperitoneal approach offers better results regarding hospital, postoperative and intensive care unit stay, as well as post-operative re-operation rates and complications. Because of the small sample size, the mortality difference was not statistically significant; however, we found an important tendency towards improved mortality rates with this approach.

  12. Abdominal aortic aneurysm

    OpenAIRE

    SakalihasanN, Natzi; Limet, Raymond; Defawe, O. D.

    2000-01-01

    Abdominal aortic aneurysms cause 1.3% of all deaths among men aged 65-85 years in developed countries. These aneurysms are typically asymptomatic until the catastrophic event of rupture. Repair of large or symptomatic aneurysms by open surgery or endovascular repair is recommended, whereas repair of small abdominal aortic aneurysms does not provide a significant benefit. Abdominal aortic aneurysm is linked to the degradation of the elastic media of the atheromatous aorta. An inflammatory cell...

  13. Endovascular treatment of hemoptysis: influence of the type of pathology on the post embolization prognosis; Tratamiento endovascular de la hemoptisis: influencia del tipo de patologia en el pronostico postembolizacion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, J.; Fernandez, M.; Fernandez, A.; Duran, D.; Dominguez, L.; Boullosa, E. [Hospital Xeral de Vigo (Spain)

    2000-07-01

    To describe the course of patients with hemoptysis following embolization of the arteries involved, assessing the incidence of re bleeding in patients grouped according to type of pathology. Over the past five years, we have carried out 77 embolization in bronchial and other systemic arteries in 64 patients (46 men and 18 women) ranging in age from 18 to 83 years (mean: 54{+-}15 years). The underlying diseases were active tuberculosis (n=11), latent tuberculosis (n=15), bronchiectasis (n=14), aspergilloma (n=3), pulmonary neoplasm (n=10), lung abscess (n=10) and miscellaneous conditions (n=10). Rebleeding occurred in 25 patients (32%). Of these, 13 had to undergo repeat embolization, 7 were treated surgically and 3 died during the recurrence of hemoptysis. In two cases, no diseased arteries could be found and embolization was not performed. The overall hemostatic efficacy was 86% after 7 days, 78% after one month and 61% after one year. In the patients with tuberculosis, the rates were 96% at one week and 91% at one month and one year, while among the remaining groups (with neoplasm, abscess, etc.), the incidences were 80% at day 7,70% at one month and 42% at one year. According to our experience, rebleeding occurs most frequently among patients with diseases other than tuberculosis. In these cases, follow-up should be closer and other therapeutic alternatives (surgery, radiotherapy, endobronchial laser) should be considered as a complement to percutaneous endovascular treatment. (Author) 22 refs.

  14. Changes in abdominal aortic aneurysm size after endovascular repair with Zenith, AneuRx, and custom-made stent-grafts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuhauser, Beate; Oldenburg, W Andrew; Hakaim, Albert G

    2004-07-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the maximal aneurysm diameter (MAD), the total aneurysm volume (TAV), the intra-aneurysm vascular channel (IAVC), and total thrombus volume (TTV) and compare changes in those parameters during a 12-month time period. In addition, these parameters for three different endovascular grafts were compared. A retrospective review of 42 patients who had undergone endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) between July 1999 and March 2001, and without evidence of an endoleak or migration, was performed. The minimum follow-up in this group was 12 months. The three grafts deployed were Dacron-stainless steel bifurcated grafts with suprarenal fixation [Zenith; Cook, Inc. (n = 14)], Dacron stainless steel aorto uni-iliac grafts with suprarenal fixation [custom-made (n = 10)], and externally supported Dacron nitinol bifurcated grafts [AneuRx; Medtronic, Inc. (n = 18)]. Volumetric measurements were obtained from CT images performed preoperatively, at 1 month and 12 months thereafter, using a 3-D Magicview 1000 workstation (Siemens, Inc.). Regardless of the type of endograft, a significant change in MAD and TAV (P = 0.008), IAVC (P = 0.031), and TTV (P = 0.001) was observed over the 12-month postoperative period. Both maximum diameter and total aneurysm volume appear to reflect accurately successful aneurysm exclusion. We conclude that both two-dimensional, maximal aneurysm diameter and three-dimensional, total aneurysm volume accurately reflect changes in morphology after endovascular aneurysm repair. PMID:15279189

  15. Cirugía abierta versus cirugía endovascular en el tratamiento de la patología de la aorta torácica descendente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Peláez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El reparo endovascular de la aorta torácica (REVAT se ha incrementado en el mundo en los últimos años con relación al abierto. Objetivo: Comparar los resultados clínicos del REVAT frente al reparo abierto en la Fundación Cardio Infantil (Bogotá, Colombia entre 2002 y 2011. Metodología: Análisis retrospectivo de la cohorte de pacientes sometidos a reparo abierto (grupo 1 en comparación de REVAT (grupo 2. En cada uno de los grupos se evaluó tiempo quirúrgico, tasa de morbilidad, mortalidad, reintervención y estancia hospitalaria. Resultados: Se incluyeron 57 pacientes en el análisis (26 % reparo abierto; 74 % REVAT. Se reintervinieron dos pacientes por endofugas tipo 1 en el grupo 2 y un caso por sangrado en el grupo 1. La mortalidad operatoria fue para el grupo 1 de 20 %, y para el grupo 2, de 2,3 %. El tiempo quirúrgico fue de 398 ± 180 min (grupo 1 versus 85,5 ± 35 min (grupo 2 (p = 0,0001 y el tiempo de estancia hospitalaria promedio fue de 9,8 días (grupo 1 y 5,3 días (grupo 2 [p = 0,01]. El tiempo promedio de seguimiento fue 4,8 ± 3,1 años. Conclusiones: El REVAT parece ofrecer menor morbilidad, mortalidad, tiempo quirúrgico y estancia hospitalaria respecto al reparo abierto, aunque las poblaciones de pacientes incluidos no fueron estrictamente comparables. Se requieren nuevos análisis en un diseño prospectivo, idealmente aleatorizado para documentar los beneficios a largo plazo de este tipo de reparo.

  16. Incidence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome after endovascular aortic repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    De La Motte, L; Vogt, K; Jensen, Leif Panduro; Rasmussen, John Bøje Grønvall; Kehlet, H; Veith Schroeder, T; Lönn, L

    2011-01-01

    AIM: The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of the post-implantation syndrome/systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) after endovascular aortic repair. METHODS: All patients, undergoing elective primary endovascular repair of an asymptomatic infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm...

  17. ¿Procedimientos endovasculares como tratamiento de la esclerosis múltiple?: La hipótesis de la insuficiencia venosa crónica cerebro medular Endovascular procedures as multiple sclerosis treatment?: The hipothesis of the chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Nogales-Gaete

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo especial de la modalidad "puntos de vista", se revisan los antecedentes bibliográficos principales relacionados a la entidad denominada "Insuficiencia venosa crónica cerebro medular (IVCCM" cuya formulación ha sido planteada por Zamboni y col, del Centro de Enfermedades Vasculares de la Universidad de Ferrara-Italia quienes le han adjudicado un rol patogénico o de agravación en la Esclerosis Múltiple (EM, que les ha llevado a proponer y realizar procedimientos de angioplastía mediante balón endovascular o stent venoso en pacientes con EM. La revisión de la bibliografía, en esta etapa del conocimiento de la IVCCM, no permite concluir si esta hipotética entidad tiene algún rol en el desarrollo o agravación de la EM. Por otro lado, concordamos con la mayoría de los clínicos e imagenólogos dedicados al estudio y tratamiento de la EM, en la ausencia de argumentos para indicar, alentar o propiciar procedimientos "terapéuticos" endovasculares para la EM. Para avanzar, en el conocimiento de la IVCCM y de eventual relación con la EM, se requieren estudios multicéntricos cuidadosamente conducidos, clínica y metodológicamente rigurosos, aprobados por comités de ética, en pacientes que sean invitados informadamente a participar en protocolos de investigación formales, que cuenten con las protecciones de seguros complementarios pertinentes y responsabilidades del gasto a costas de los investigadores.In this "point of view" or special article, it has been reviewed the main bibliographic antecedents related to the entity denominated as chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI, which formulation has been stated by Zamboni et col, from the Vascular Diseases Center of the University of Ferrara-Italy, who have assigned it a pathogenic role or of aggravation one in Multiple Sclerosis (MS, what has led them to propose and carry out endovascular balloon angioplasty or venous stent in MS patients as a treatment. The bibliographic review at this stage of the knowledge of CCSVI does not let us to conclude whether this hypothetical entity has any role in the development or aggravation of MS. On the other hand, we agree with most of the clinicians and neuroimaging MS researchers because of the absence of arguments to indicate, support or propose envovascular "therapeutic" procedures for MS. To advance in the knowledge of CCSVI and the eventual relation with MS it is required some multicentric controlled studies carefully led and clinical and methodological rigorous procedures approved by committee of ethic in very well informed patients invited to participate in protocols of formal investigation who should be protected by complementary pertinent insurances and responsibilities connected to the investigation expenses.

  18. Aortic aneurysm repair - endovascular

    Science.gov (United States)

    EVAR; Endovascular aneurysm repair - aorta; AAA repair - endovascular; Repair - aortic aneurysm - endovascular ... graft up into your aorta, to where the aneurysm is located. The doctor will open the stent ...

  19. To intervene or not? A man with multidrug-resistant hypertension, endovascular abdominal aneurysm repair, bilateral renal artery stenosis and end-stage renal disease salvaged with renal artery stenting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarafidis, Pantelis A; Stavridis, Kyriakos C; Loutradis, Charalampos N; Saratzis, Athanasios N; Pateinakis, Panagiotis; Papagianni, Aikaterini; Efstratiadis, Georgios; Saratzis, Nicolaos

    2016-04-01

    We report the case of a 69-year-old man with uncontrolled multidrug-resistant secondary hypertension following a 10 year history of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, with suprarenal fixation and concurrent angioplasty with stenting of the left renal artery for atherosclerotic renal disease, and progressive chronic kidney disease. Renal scintigraphy revealed complete loss of the right kidney's and severe reduction of the left kidney's perfusion and function. Following recent evidence and consultation with vascular surgeons regarding the technical difficulties of any procedure, escalation of antihypertensive treatment was initially chosen. Careful drug adjustments significantly improved but did not fully control blood pressure (BP); further, the patient experienced an acute ischaemic stroke and renal function deterioration towards end-stage renal disease within a few months. At this point, revascularization of the left renal artery coupled with three haemodialysis sessions to remove contrast media was justified as rescue therapy against permanent renal replacement therapy. Successful intervention achieved an immediate BP reduction, with BP fully controlled, despite a??>?70% decrease in antihypertensive treatment, while renal function improved at 6 months from 11.5 to 22 ml/min/1.73 m(2). Renal angioplasty confers undisputed benefits in BP control and nephroprotection, and should be offered without delay to patients with renovascular hypertension and/or ischaemic nephropathy. PMID:26581234

  20. Abdominal aortic aneurysm demonstrated on renal scintigraphy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phisitkul, Sorot; Brian, Susan; Rakvit, Ariwan; Jenkins, Leigh A; Bohannon, W Todd; Harris, Jennifer; Tsikouris, James; Silva, Michael B; Meyerrose, Gary E

    2003-08-01

    A 74-year-old hypertensive woman presented with abdominal discomfort and a pulsatile abdominal mass. Anterior abdominal angiography during cardiac blood pool, and renal scintigraphic imaging demonstrated a large abdominal aortic aneurysm. 1, 2 Before endovascular repair with an aortoiliac endograft, the abdominal aneurysm measured 7.5 x 7.0 cm on abdominal computed tomography. This study demonstrates that a suspected abdominal aortic aneurysm can be confirmed using the addition of anterior abdominal imaging with normal posterior imaging at the time of renal scintigraphy. PMID:12897671

  1. Aneurismas complejos de la aorta abdominal: cirugía abierta frente a exclusión endovascular avanzada. Estudio comparativo.

    OpenAIRE

    Sala Almonacil, Vicente Andrés

    2015-01-01

    Justificación del estudio e hipótesis de trabajo: la enfermedad aneurismática de la aorta se estima que afecta al 2%-7% de los varones mayores de 60 años. Dichas estimaciones, extrapoladas a la población de España, se corresponderían con 140.000-350.000 personas portadoras de una aneurisma de aorta abdominal. En siete de cada cien personas acaece la rotura del aneurisma, siendo actualmente la décima causa de muerte en varones mayores de 55 años. En aquellos pacientes de alto riesgo para la ci...

  2. Endovascular stent grafting: a review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Endovascular stent grafts are intravascular devices composed of surgical graft material and a metallic frame, (Fig. 1). Their main application has been to treat aneurysms, but they have been used in vascular trauma and are being investigated for use in occlusive disease. Their advantage in treating aneurysms over conventional surgical treatment is that they are loaded into relatively small delivery systems (Fig. 2) and can be introduced to the area of interest from a remote site - usually the femoral artery. This avoids the morbidity of surgical exposure in difficult sites, such as the thoracic aorta, and lessens the cardiovascular stress to patients by eliminating the need to surgically cross-clamp the vessel being treated. The first description of abdominal aortic aneurysm exclusion by an endovascular stent graft was provided by Parodi and colleagues in 1991. Much of the early clinical experience in endovascular stent grafting was obtained from centres in Australia and Europe, and they are now reporting midterm follow-up data. There are now many centres in Canada and the United States involved in endovascular research and practice. (author)

  3. Correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal e artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em paciente com hemofilia C grave Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and left common iliac artery in a patient with severe hemophilia C

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Quilici Belczak

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available A deficiência do fator XI, também conhecida como hemofilia C, é uma doença hematológica hereditária rara, que se manifesta clinicamente com hemorragia persistente após cirurgias, traumas, menorragias e extrações dentárias. Neste artigo, relatou-se a correção endovascular de um paciente com aneurisma de aorta e de artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em um paciente portador de deficiência major do fator XI (atividade do fator XI inferior a 20%. O procedimento foi realizado com sucesso, com o manuseio do distúrbio da coagulação por meio da infusão de plasma fresco no pré-operatório imediato e no pós-operatório, e controle laboratorial da coagulação do paciente.Factor XI deficiency, also known as hemophilia C, is a rare hereditary blood disease that manifests with persistent bleeding after surgery, trauma, menorrhagia, and dental extractions. This article reports an endovascular repair of a patient diagnosed with an aortic and left common iliac aneurysm, with severe factor XI deficiency (factor XI activity below 20%. The procedure was successfully performed with management of the coagulation disorder by preoperative and postoperative infusion of plasma and laboratory control of the coagulation.

  4. A look into the endovascular crystal ball

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schroeder, Torben Veith

    2009-01-01

    This paper summarizes the highlights of the 15th International Workshop of Endovascular Surgery, held in Ajaccio in June 2008. This is an annual event that attracts leading endovascular therapists from both sides of the Atlantic Ocean as well as a contingency from down-under. The layout of this...... meeting followed the previous events with sessions on carotid artery disease and abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysms topped up with clinical cases, lower limb ischemia and venous disease. Generally the session takes off by summarising new evidence, followed by questions and discussion. This workshops...

  5. Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachs, T; Schermerhorn, M

    2010-06-01

    Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) continues to be one of the most lethal vascular pathologies we encounter. Its management demands prompt and efficient evaluation and repair. Open repair has traditionally been the mainstay of treatment. However, the introduction of endovascular techniques has altered the treatment algorithm for ruptured AAA in most major medical centers. We present recent literature and techniques for ruptured AAA and its surgical management. PMID:20668419

  6. Non-invasiv, Multi Detector Row (MDR) based Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis of hemodynamics in infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) before and after endovascular repair; Blutflusssimulation mittels Computational-Fluid-Dynamics an aus CT-Daten rekonstruierten Aortenaneurysmata vor und nach Stent-Graft Implantation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Juchems, M.S.; Pless, D.; Fleiter, T.R.; Gabelmann, A.; Brambs, H.J.; Aschpoff, A J. [Ulm Univ. (Germany). Abt. fuer diagnostische Radiologie; Liewald, F. [Ulm Univ. (Germany). Abt. fuer Thorax-und Gefaesschirurgie

    2004-01-01

    Purpose: Simulation, description and analysis of dynamic pressure in infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) before and after endovascular repair. Materials and Methods: During March 1996 and May 2001, 13 patients with AAA underwent endovascular treatment. The MDR-CT scans of these patients were used for the non-invasive analysis of the hemodynamics in the aorta with CFD software before and after endovascular repair. One pre-interventional and three post-interventional CT scans were analyzed for each patient. Results: Compared to the pre-interventional simulation, endovascular treatment led to an average dynamic pressure decrease of 1057 Pa in 10 of 13 patients. During the subsequent course, the median of the dynamic pressure decreased in 8 of 13 patients. Vulnerable regions initially identified as high-pressure regions, like the docking area or the second stent limb, adapted to the pressure in the surrounding tissue in the course of time. (orig.) [German] Ziel: Simulation, Beschreibung und Entwicklung dynamischer Druckverhaeltnisse auf die Aorten- bzw. Stentgraftwand im zeitlichen Verlauf vor und nach stentgestuetzter Ausschaltung infrarenaler Bauchaortenaneurysmata. Patienten und Methode: Zwischen Maerz 1996 und Mai 2001 wurden 13 Patienten mit einem infrarenalen Bauchaortenaneurysma einer transfemoralen Stent-Graft-Implantation unterzogen. Basierend auf Multi Detector Row (MDR) -CT Datensaetzen dieser 13 Patienten wurde mithilfe einer ''Computational Fluid Dynamics'' (CFD) Software eine Blutflusssimulation der abdominellen Aorta vor und nach Stentimplantation durchgefuehrt. Von jedem Patienten wurden Simulationen von einer prae- und drei postoperativen Follow-up CT-Serien erstellt. Ergebnisse: Die Stentimplantation fuehrte bei 10/13 Patienten zu einer Senkung des dynamischen Spitzendrucks um durchschnittlich 1057 Pa von der prae- zur postoperativen Untersuchung. Im weiteren Verlauf sank auch der Median des dynamischen Druckes bei 8/13 Patienten. Regionen mit erhoehten Druckwerten (sog. vulnerable Regionen), wie beispielsweise die des angedockten Stentschenkels, glichen sich im Verlauf der Zeit den Umgebungsdruecken an. (orig.)

  7. Endovascular management of acute bleeding arterioenteric fistulas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leonhardt, H.; Mellander, S.; Snygg, J.; Lönn, Lars Birger

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this study was to review the outcome of endovascular transcatheter repair of emergent arterioenteric fistulas. Cases of abdominal arterioenteric fistulas (defined as a fistula between a major artery and the small intestine or colon, thus not the esophagus or stomach), diagnosed...... over the 3-year period between December 2002 and December 2005 at our institution, were retrospectively reviewed. Five patients with severe enteric bleeding underwent angiography and endovascular repair. Four presented primary arterioenteric fistulas, and one presented a secondary aortoenteric fistula...... follow-up time was 3 months (range, 1-6 months). All massive bleeding was controlled by occlusive balloon catheters. Four fistulas were successfully sealed with stent-grafts, resulting in a technical success rate of 80%. One patient was circulatory stabilized by endovascular management but needed...

  8. Endovascular Management of Acute Bleeding Arterioenteric Fistulas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The objective of this study was to review the outcome of endovascular transcatheter repair of emergent arterioenteric fistulas. Cases of abdominal arterioenteric fistulas (defined as a fistula between a major artery and the small intestine or colon, thus not the esophagus or stomach), diagnosed over the 3-year period between December 2002 and December 2005 at our institution, were retrospectively reviewed. Five patients with severe enteric bleeding underwent angiography and endovascular repair. Four presented primary arterioenteric fistulas, and one presented a secondary aortoenteric fistula. All had massive persistent bleeding with hypotension despite volume substitution and transfusion by the time of endovascular management. Outcome after treatment of these patients was investigated for major procedure-related complications, recurrence, reintervention, morbidity, and mortality. Mean follow-up time was 3 months (range, 1-6 months). All massive bleeding was controlled by occlusive balloon catheters. Four fistulas were successfully sealed with stent-grafts, resulting in a technical success rate of 80%. One patient was circulatory stabilized by endovascular management but needed immediate further open surgery. There were no procedure-related major complications. Mean hospital stay after the initial endovascular intervention was 19 days. Rebleeding occurred in four patients (80%) after a free interval of 2 weeks or longer. During the follow-up period three patients needed reintervention. The in-hospital mortality was 20% and the 30-day mortality was 40%. The midterm outcome was poor, due to comorbidities or rebleeding, with a mortality of 80% within 6 months. In conclusion, endovascular repair is an efficient and safe method to stabilize patients with life-threatening bleeding arterioenteric fistulas in the emergent episode. However, in this group of patients with severe comorbidities, the risk of rebleeding is high and further intervention must be considered. Patients with cancer may only need treatment for the acute bleeding episode, and an endovascular approach has the advantage of low morbidity

  9. Endovascular management of acute bleeding arterioenteric fistulas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonhardt, Henrik; Mellander, Stefan; Snygg, Johan; Lönn, Lars

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this study was to review the outcome of endovascular transcatheter repair of emergent arterioenteric fistulas. Cases of abdominal arterioenteric fistulas (defined as a fistula between a major artery and the small intestine or colon, thus not the esophagus or stomach), diagnosed over the 3-year period between December 2002 and December 2005 at our institution, were retrospectively reviewed. Five patients with severe enteric bleeding underwent angiography and endovascular repair. Four presented primary arterioenteric fistulas, and one presented a secondary aortoenteric fistula. All had massive persistent bleeding with hypotension despite volume substitution and transfusion by the time of endovascular management. Outcome after treatment of these patients was investigated for major procedure-related complications, recurrence, reintervention, morbidity, and mortality. Mean follow-up time was 3 months (range, 1-6 months). All massive bleeding was controlled by occlusive balloon catheters. Four fistulas were successfully sealed with stent-grafts, resulting in a technical success rate of 80%. One patient was circulatory stabilized by endovascular management but needed immediate further open surgery. There were no procedure-related major complications. Mean hospital stay after the initial endovascular intervention was 19 days. Rebleeding occurred in four patients (80%) after a free interval of 2 weeks or longer. During the follow-up period three patients needed reintervention. The in-hospital mortality was 20% and the 30-day mortality was 40%. The midterm outcome was poor, due to comorbidities or rebleeding, with a mortality of 80% within 6 months. In conclusion, endovascular repair is an efficient and safe method to stabilize patients with life-threatening bleeding arterioenteric fistulas in the emergent episode. However, in this group of patients with severe comorbidities, the risk of rebleeding is high and further intervention must be considered. Patients with cancer may only need treatment for the acute bleeding episode, and an endovascular approach has the advantage of low morbidity. PMID:18214595

  10. The use of intravascular ultrasound as control procedure for the deployment of endovascular stented grafts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vogt, K C; Brunkwall, J; Malina, M; Ivancev, K; Lindblad, B; Risberg, B; Schroeder, T V

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess whether intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), used systematically in a series of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA), is a feasible control procedure to ensure correct transfemoral placement of endovascular stent grafts (TPEG). DESIGN: Descriptive study. MATERIALS AND M...

  11. Endovascular Management of Delayed Complete Graft Thrombosis After Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Graft thrombosis rates after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms vary widely in published series. When thrombosis does occur, it usually involves a single limb and occurs within 3 months of stent-graft insertion. If the entire endoprosthesis is thrombosed, treatment may be challenging because femoro-femoral crossover graft insertion is not an option and a greater volume of thrombus is present, thus making thrombolysis more difficult. We present two cases of delayed thrombosis after EVAR involving the entire stent-graft. These were successfully treated by a combined surgical and endovascular technique, and patency has been maintained in both cases to date.

  12. Preoperative endovascular embolization of a cerebellar hemangioblastoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Almeida-Pérez Rafael

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: hemangioblastomas are benign tumors located in the cerebellum, whichaffect young adults predominantly. These injuries are recognized by its abundant vascularizationwhich makes difficult its resection.Clinical case: The experience in the endovascular treatment of a patient with a cerebellarhemangioblastoma is exposed, emphasizing in the technical considerations andnecessary materials to achieve a successful embolization.Conclusion: Endovascular embolization of tumour vessels facilitates its surgical resectiondue to it decreases the intraoperative hemorrhage and the possibilities of neurovascularinjuries, although its security profile has been questioned due to the risk ofunleashing intratumoral hemorrhage. Rev.cienc.biomed. 2013; 4(1: 170-173RESUMEN:Introducción: los hemangioblastomas son tumores benignos localizados con mayorfrecuencia en el cerebelo, que afectan predominantemente a los adultos jóvenes. Estaslesiones son reconocidas por su abundante vascularización, lo cual dificulta su resección.Caso clínico: se expone la experiencia en el tratamiento endovascular de una pacientecon un hemangioblastoma cerebeloso, destacando las consideraciones técnicas y losmateriales necesarios para lograr una embolización exitosa.Conclusión: la embolización endovascular de los vasos tumorales facilita su resecciónquirúrgica, debido a que disminuye el sangrado intraoperatorio y las probabilidades delesiones neurovasculares, aunque su perfil de seguridad ha sido cuestionado debidoal riesgo de desencadenar hemorragias intratumorales. Rev.cienc.biomed. 2013;4(1: 170-173

  13. Disección de aorta: Aspectos básicos y manejo endovascular Aortic dissection: Basic aspects and endovascular management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolás I Jaramillo

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available El tratamiento de la patología aórtica torácica se complica por la asociación con una alta mortalidad en la reparación quirúrgica, y al mismo tiempo fragilidad y gran comorbilidad en los adultos de edad avanzada. En la búsqueda por reducir la incidencia de resultados negativos, en la década pasada se introdujo la técnica de intervención por la vía de la mínima invasión, con la colocación de dispositivos del tipo stent vía endovascular. La técnica, originalmente descrita por Parodi e inicialmente diseñada para uso en la corrección de aneurismas de aorta abdominal, ha sido adoptada para el uso en la patología aórtica torácica. El mejoramiento en el entendimiento de la fisiopatología y la historia natural de la enfermedad de la aorta torácica y el análisis de los resultados, han facilitado la toma de decisiones en cuanto al tratamiento en términos del tiempo de la intervención apropiada. El tratamiento de la disección de la aorta torácica con el uso de stent endovascular, es uno de los más recientes avances en el tratamiento y hoy recibe una atención especial, al punto que es una alternativa menos invasiva; incluso la tecnología está apenas en sus primeras etapas y en los últimos años se han mejorado significativamente el diseño y el sistema de liberación de estos dispositivos endovasculares conocidos como stent-grafts. Estas prótesis se utilizan de forma creciente en el tratamiento de aneurismas, disecciones, rupturas traumáticas, úlceras penetradas gigantes y hematomas intramurales de la aorta torácica descendente, con buenos resultados tanto tempranos como a mediano plazo. La poca frecuencia, la alta complejidad y la severidad de la patología, y al mismo tiempo el alto riesgo teórico de las complicaciones que se pueden generar, deben mantener cauto al operador, especialmente cuando esta técnica se aplica en pacientes jóvenes. De manera conceptual la solución por la vía endoluminal en las fases agudas, probablemente llegue a ser la terapia preferida, aunque la técnica todavía está en proceso de refinamiento. A nivel mundial la experiencia viene en crecimiento y hoy se entienden mejor las indicaciones y las limitaciones de esta terapia innovadora. En este artículo se hace una revisión general sobre el diagnóstico clínico y el manejo de la disección aórtica y sus variantes: el hematoma intramural y la úlcera aórtica aterosclerótica.Treatment of thoracic aortic pathology is complicated by the morbidity associated to the surgical procedure and to the frailty of an elderly and difficult population. Surgical operation in this kind of population frequently bears a significant incidence of death and long term disability. In an effort to reduce the incidence of negative outcomes, minimally invasive techniques in the form of endovascular stenting have been introduced during the past decade. The technology, originally described by Parodi, and initially designed for its use in abdominal aortic aneurysms, has been adapted for the treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms. Furthermore, an improved understanding of the pathophysiology and the natural history of thoracic aortic disease as well as the analysis of the outcomes has facilitated our treatment decisions in terms of the timing for an appropriate intervention. Treatment of thoracic aortic dissection using endovascular stent is one of the more recent advances in this condition and is receiving increasing attention as it is a less invasive alternative to an open surgical repair. Although this technology is still innovative, significant improvements have been made lately in the design and deployment of the endovascular stent-grafts. These prostheses have been increasingly used to treat aneurysms, dissections and traumatic ruptures, as well as giant penetrating ulcers and intramural hematomas of the descending thoracic aorta with good early and mid-term outcomes. The rareness, complexity and severity of the pathology and the theoretically high risk of complications should render the surgeon extremely cautious especially with young patients. Conceptually, the endoluminal treatment in the acute phase seems to be the solution and will probably become a preferred therapy while technical refinement is under way. Worldwide experience is growing and with this a better understanding of the indications and limitations of this innovative therapy will be elucidated. The clinical, diagnostic and management perspectives on aortic dissection and its variants, aortic intramural hematoma and atherosclerotic aortic ulcer, are reviewed.

  14. Endovascular Management of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The overall survival of patients with thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) has improved significantly in the past few years. Endovascular treatment, proposed as an alternative to surgery, has been considered a therapeutic innovation because of its low degree of invasiveness, which allows the treatment of even high-surgical risk patients with limited complications and mortality. A major limitation is the lack of adequate evidence regarding long-term benefit and durability because follow-up has been limited to just a few years even in the largest series. The combination of endovascular exclusion with visceral branch revascularization for the treatment of thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysms involving the visceral aorta has also been attempted. As an alternative, endografts with branches represent a technological evolution that allows treatment of complex anatomy. Even if only small numbers of patients and short follow-up are available, this technical approach, which has with limited mortality (<10%) and paraplegia rates, to expand endovascular treatment to TAA seems feasible. With improved capability to recognize proper anatomy and select clinical candidates, the choice of endovascular stent-graft placement may offer a strategy to optimize management and improve prognosis.

  15. Abdominal Adhesions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... tissue that can form between abdominal tissues and organs. [ Top ] What is the abdominal cavity? The abdominal cavity is the internal area of ... tissues and organs. Abdominal adhesions cause tissues and organs in the abdominal cavity to stick together. Abdominal surgery is the most ...

  16. Percutaneous endovascular reconstruction with endovascular placement for isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous endovascular reconstruction with endovascular stent placement for isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery. Methods: Five patients with isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery were enrolled in this study. The diagnosis was confirmed by abdominal computed tomography angiography (CTA) and percutaneous transcatheter digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in all the five patients. One asymptomatic case was discovered by medical examination, which was classified to type ? (Sakamoto angiographic categorization). The other four cases were admitted to hospital with acute abdominal pain and diarrhea, which were classified to type ? (1 case) and type ? (3 cases). Fasting together with antiplatelet and anticoagulation therapy was initially employed. Then, percutaneous endovascular reconstruction with stenting was carried out and the patients were kept on antiplatelet therapy. Follow-up checkups with CTA or DSA were conducted at 1, 3 and 6 months after the treatment. Results: Technical success was achieved in all five patients without any complications. Combination of the coil embolization and endovascular stent placement were preformed in 2 cases. The other 3 cases were successfully treated with simple double-stent placement. The clinical symptoms in the four symptomatic patients disappeared within 3 weeks. Follow-up CTA or DSA was adopted in 5 patients. Repeated angiography performed at 3 months after the procedure showed that complete resolution of the dissection and successful restoration of the true lumen with sufficient distal flow of the SMA were obtained in five patients. Conclusion: Percutaneous endovascular reconstruction with stent placement is a feasible and effective treatment for isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery. (authors)

  17. Tuberculosis abdominal Abdominal tuberculosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Rubio

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available La tuberculosis abdominal cursa con un cuadro inespecífico, con difícil diagnóstico diferencial respecto a otras entidades de similar semiología. Presentamos el caso de un varón que ingresa por presentar dolor abdominal, pérdida progresiva y notoria de peso corporal y fiebre de dos meses de evolución. El cultivo de la biopsia de colon mostró presencia de bacilo de Koch.Abdominal tuberculosis develops according to a non-specific clinical picture, with a difficult differential diagnosis with respect to other entities of similar semiology. We present the case of a male who was admitted because of abdominal pain, progressive and notable loss of body weight and a fever of two months evolution. The culture from the colon biopsy showed the presence of Koch bacilli.

  18. Tratamiento endovascular exitoso de aneurisma de aorta torácica secundario a infección de catéter de arteria umbilical en un recién nacido pretérmino

    OpenAIRE

    Evelyn Borchert; Guillermo Lema; Daniel Springmuller; Katia González; Win T Chang; Rodrigo González; Francisco Garay

    2015-01-01

    Los aneurismas aórticos en la población pediátrica son poco frecuentes. El uso de catéteres de arteria umbilical en neonatos se ha asociado a infección y en algunas oportunidades a formación de aneurismas aórticos. La reparación quirúrgica de estos aneurismas es una forma de terapia; sin embargo, la intervención percutánea con stents pudiese proveer una vía alternativa de tratamiento con menores complicaciones. El objetivo de este reporte es dar a conocer el alcance terapéutico de un procedim...

  19. Successful endovascular infrarenal aneurysm repair in a patient with situs inversus totalis

    OpenAIRE

    Chan, YC; Cheng, SW; Ting, AC; Qing, KX

    2010-01-01

    Situs inversus totalis is a rare autosomal recessive developmental anomaly. There are very few reports in the published literature of abdominal aortic aneurysm in patient with situs inversus totalis, all of whom underwent open aneurysm repair. This is the first case in the world's literature to describe a patient with situs inversus totalis who had a successful endovascular infrarenal aneurysm repair. Although endovascular infrarenal aneurysm repair should not be more challenging, the endovas...

  20. Endovascular stent graft repair of multiple tuberculous thoracoabdominal aneurysms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sung Jung; Won, Je Hwan [Dept. of Radiology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-05-15

    We describe a case of multiple tuberculous aneurysms of the descending thoracic aorta and abdominal aorta repaired with endovascular stent graft. The case was a 47-year-old man who presented with three saccular pseudoaneurysms of aortoiliac bifurcation at computed tomography (CT) scan. Despite of antimycobacterial treatment, these aneurysms grew rapidly and saccular pseudoaneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta was newly seen. A bifurcated stent graft was successfully implanted in the aortoiliac bifurcation. Subsequently, endovascular stent graft was placed well in the descending thoracic aorta. Fourteen months after the procedure, the patient was stable and serial CT images showed regression of aneurysms with ongoing antimycobacterial treatment. Therefore, endovascular stent graft repair with antimycobacterial therapy may be a treatment option in patients with multiple tuberculous aneurysms.

  1. Endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davidovi? Lazar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Bacground/Aim. Endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic diseases is an adequate alternative to open surgery. This method was firstly performed in Serbia in 2004, while routine usage started in 2007. Aim of this study was to analyse initial experience in endovacular treatment of thoracic aortic diseses of three main vascular hospitals in Belgrade - Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery of the Clinical Center of Serbia, Clinic for Vascular Surgery of the Military Medical Academy, and Clinic for Vascular Surgery of the Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases “Dedinje”. Methods. Between March 2004. and November 2010. 41 patients were treated in these three hospitals due to different diseases of the thoracic aorta. A total of 21 patients had degenerative atherosclerotic aneurysm, 6 patients had penetrating aortic ulcer, 6 had posttraumatic aneurysm, 4 patients had ruptured thoracic aortic aneurysm, 1 had false anastomotic aneurysm after open repair, and 3 patients had dissected thoracic aneurysm of the thoracoabdominal aorta. In 15 cases the endovascular procedure was performed as a part of the hybrid procedure, after carotidsubclavian bypass in 4 patients and subclavian artery transposition in 1 patient due to the short aneurysmatic neck; in 2 patients iliac conduit was used due to hypoplastic or stenotic iliac artery; in 5 patients previous reconstruction of abdominal aorta was performed; in 1 patient complete debranching of the aortic arch, and in 2 patients visceral abdominal debranching were performed. Results. The intrahospital mortality rate (30 days was 7.26% (3 patients with ruptured thoracic aneurysms died. Endoleak type II in the first control exam was revealed in 3 patients (7. 26%. The patients were followed up in a period of 1-72 months, on average 29 months. The most devastating complication during a followup period was aortoesofageal fistula in 1 patient a year after the treatment of posttraumatic aneurysm. Conversion was performed with explantation of stent-graft and open aortic in situ recontruction, followed by esophagectomy and the creation of cervical and gastrical stoma. Conclusion. Having in mind initial results of the 3 main vascular clinics in Belgrade, Serbia, economical situation in our country, as well as the published international results, endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic diseases is indicated in hemodinamicaly unstable patients with acute traumatic aneurysm, or in stabile patients older than 65, as well as in case of chronic diseases of the thoracic aorta in patients with significant comorbid conditions or in patients older than 65 years. Endovascular procedures on the thoracic aorta could be performed, hower, only in high-volume centers with experience in routine open surgery of thoracic aorta.

  2. Clinical usefulness of urinary liver-type fatty-acid-binding protein as a perioperative marker of acute kidney injury in patients undergoing endovascular or open-abdominal aortic aneurysm repair

    OpenAIRE

    Obata, Yumi; Kamijo-Ikemori, Atsuko; Ichikawa, Daisuke; Sugaya, Takeshi; Kimura, Kenjiro; Shibagaki, Yugo; Tateda, Takeshi

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common after cardiovascular surgery and is usually diagnosed on the basis of the serum creatinine (SCr) level and urinary output. However, SCr is of low sensitivity in patients with poor renal function. Because urinary liver-type fatty-acid-binding protein (L-FABP) reflects renal tubular injury, we evaluated whether perioperative changes in urinary L-FABP predict AKI in the context of abdominal aortic repair. Methods Study participants were 95 patients who...

  3. Abdominal Ultrasound

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... It is used to help diagnose pain or distention and evaluate the kidneys, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen ... variety of conditions, such as: abdominal pain or distention. abnormal liver function. enlarged abdominal organ. stones in ...

  4. Endovascular repair as a sole treatment in multiple aneurysms in patient with SLE

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Introduction: Most aneurysms are local manifestations of systemic disease. For patients over 65 years the incidence of aneurysm of the abdominal aorta (AAA) is approximately 5-6% in men and 1-2 % for women. The presence of both the AAA and aneurysms in other location is even rarer, and this percentage is likely increase further in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). What you will learn: We present a rare clinical case of endovascular treatment of multifocal aneurysm including post catheterization pseudoaneurysm. The patient is a 73 years old woman with a history of SLE and age-related comorbidity. Originally an endovascular treatment of aneurysms of the abdominal aorta and right common iliac artery was used. Two years later a successfully endovascular treatment of aneurysm of the right renal artery was conducted, which however is complicated by the formation of a pseudoaneurysm in access through the left femoral artery. The late one is again treated endovascular by placement of a covered stent after failure of percutaneous injection of 1000 UI thrombin. Discussion: Adult patients with a long history of SLE are unsuitable candidates for surgical treatment of aneurysmal disease, especially in its multifocal form. In our case we have taken multistep successful endovascular procedures, including technically hard placing of the stent at the site of the right renal aneurysms, and post catheterization pseudoaneurysm. Conclusion: Multifocal aneurysmal vascular changes due to macroangiopathia in SLE can be treated alone by endovascular means in multi-stages procedures

  5. Management of abdominal wall defects (gastroschisis and omphalocele at Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, in Medellín, Colombia, 1998-2006 Tratamiento de los defectos de la pared abdominal (gastrosquisis y onfalocele en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, 1998-2006

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirian Natalia Herrera Toro

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available

    Introduction: Gastroschisis and omphalocele are neonatal malformations of the abdominal wall. Despite their great differences, both are severe diseases characterized by herniation of viscera through the defect in the abdominal wall. Children with these defects present as surgical emergencies that pose a difficult challenge to the attending surgeon. Even with appropriate management, the mortality rate is between 20-40%. Omphalocele and, to a lesser degree gastroschisis, are associated with a wide range of malformations.

    Objective: The aim of this retrospective review was to describe the management of children with gastroschisis or omphalocele, and the results obtained with it, at the

    Pediatric Surgery Section, Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, in Medellin, Colombia.

    Patients and methods: We evaluated the charts of all patients admitted to the Pediatric Surgery Section, between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 2006, with a diagnosis of gastroschisis or omphalocele. The type of treatment was defined as either primary closure or closure by stages; accordingly, we reviewed the results of the operation, the surgical complications (surgical site infection, evisceration, sepsis, ileus and intraabdominal hypertension, the time of onset of oral and total parenteral nutrition (TPN, and the duration of hospital and UCI stay.

    Results: 55 patients were identified, 32 with gastroschisis and 23 with omphalocele, all of whom were surgically treated. In 31 patients (56.4% primary closure was carried

    out, while in 24 (43.6% the closure was done by stages; in the latter modality silo was most frequently used (12 cases. Complications, mostly sepsis, occurred in 42 patients (76.4%. The frequency of complications associated with the surgical procedure was similar for primary closure (49.9% and for closure by stages (49.7%.

    Onset of the oral route was earlier in patients treated by primary closure. Patients with gastroschisis required longer hospital and UCI stays. Sixteen patients died (29.1%; mortality was higher in those with omphalocele (10/23; 43.5% than in those with gastroschisis (6/32; 18.8%.

    Introducción: la gastrosquisis y el onfalocele son malformaciones de la pared abdominal en neonatos que, a pesar de sus grandes diferencias, tienen en común el hecho de ser enfermedades graves caracterizadas por la herniación de las vísceras intrabdominales a través de un defecto de la pared abdominal. Los niños con estas enfermedades se presentan como emergencias quirúrgicas que plantean un reto difícil para el cirujano tratante. Tienen una tasa de mortalidad que oscila entre 20- 40%, aun con el tratamiento apropiado y se asocian a un amplio rango de malformaciones,

    principalmente en los niños con onfalocele.

    Objetivo: el objetivo de la presente revisión retrospectiva es describir el tratamientode los pacientes con gastrosquisis y onfalocele, y los resultados con él obtenidos, entre 1998 y 2006, en la Sección de Cirugía Pediátrica del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl (HUSVP, de Medellín.

    Pacientes y métodos: se evaluaron todos los pacientes que ingresaron al Servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica del HUSVP con diagnóstico de gastrosquisis u onfalocele, entre el 1 de enero de 1998 y el 31 de diciembre de 2006. Se definió el tipo de tratamiento llevado a cabo y, de acuerdo con este, se revisaron los resultados: las complicaciones posquirúrgicas, tales como infección del sitio operatorio, evisceración, sepsis, íleo e hipertensión intrabdominal; el tiempo de inicio de la vía oral y de la nutrición parenteral total (NPT; la permanencia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI y la duración de la estancia hospitalaria.

    Resultados: se identificaron 55 pacientes, 32 con gastrosquisis y 23 con onfalocele; en todos se hizo tratamiento quirúrgico. En 31 pacientes (56,4% se hizo cierre primario y en 24 (43,6%, cierre por etapas; en esta última modalidad el procedimiento más utilizado fue el silo (12 niños; 50%. En 42 pacientes (76,4% se presentaron complicaciones la más frecuente de las cuales fue la sepsis. La frecuencia de complicaciones asociadas al procedimiento quirúrgico fue similar para el cierre primario

    y el cierre por etapas (49,9% y 49,7%, respectivamente. El inicio de la vía oral fue más temprano para los pacientes tratados con cierre primario. Los pacientes con gastrosquisis requirieron mayor tiempo de estancia en la UCI y en el hospital. Murieron 16 pacientes (29,1%; la mortalidad fue más alta en los que tenían onfalocele (10/23; 43,5% que en los con gastrosquisis (6/32; 18,8%.

     

  6. High dose rate endovascular brachytherapy in aorto-iliac lesion for the prevention of restenosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study examined the applicability of endovascular brachytherapy to larger del arteries such as the abdominal aorta and iliac artery. Endovascular brachytherapy using an Ir-192 HDR source was administered 11 times to nine patients who had undergone percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) between 1995 and 1999. The follow-up lasted 13 to 55 months after treatment (median, 24 months). Eight of the 11 lesions have been controlled so far. Although one case developed thrombus inside the stent five months later, recanalization was achieved by means of retreatment. One patient who underwent low-dose irradiation (6 Gy) without stent implantation showed restenosis five months after treatment. We used a centering catheter that did not block the blood stream for exact centering of the radiation source in larger vessels such as the abdominal aorta. Although endovascular brachytherapy is a promising and safe procedure, careful follow-up is needed to detect untoward reactions such as thrombosis. (author)

  7. Endovascular treatment in pregnancy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    There is an increased risk of stroke during pregnancy and the puerperium. Decisions should be made immediately upon transfer to each institution, particularly with respect to when and how to treat the patient. This review highlights the feasibility of endovascular treatment in pregnancy. Most of the pharmaceutical agents and therapeutic devices used in clinical practice can be utilized in pregnant patients. Comprehensive information on the benefits and risks of treatment should be explained to the patient and her family, with particular attention to the safety of the mother and fetus. Radiation exposure to the fetus is also a concern; the hazard can be minimized with optimal protection. Several studies have demonstrated that conventional procedures do not cause serious radiation exposure exceeding the threshold of safety to the fetus. Endovascular therapy can be safely performed for the treatment of acute stroke as in non-pregnant patients with adequate attention to pharmaceutical agents and shielding from radiation. In contrast to therapy for acute stroke, preventive endovascular treatment for asymptomatic lesions remains controversial. Several conditions, such as cerebral aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations, are known to bleed more frequently in pregnancy, but whether the benefits of preventive treatment outweigh the associated risks is unknown. The decision for preventive treatment should be carefully made on a case-by-case basis after extensive discussion with the patient. (author)

  8. Abdominal Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritz, Deborah; Weilitz, Pamela Becker

    2016-03-01

    Abdominal pain is one of the most common complaints by patients, and assessment of abdominal pain and associated symptoms can be challenging for home healthcare providers. Reasons for abdominal pain are related to inflammation, organ distention, and ischemia. The history and physical examination are important to narrow the source of acute or chronic problems, identify immediate interventions, and when necessary, facilitate emergency department care. PMID:26925941

  9. Abdominal CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Computed tomography (CT) has proven useful in the evaluation of anatomy and a variety of lesions in the abdomen. Although abdominal CT has a lot of merits, it has several demerits as well. One of the demerits is difficulty to determine origin of large abdominal tumors. One of the merits is improvement of the ability to evaluate abdominal vascular anatomy and pathology, using short time scans following a bolus injection of intravascular contrast medium. (author)

  10. Vascular access complications in endovascular procedures with large sheaths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lejay, Anne; Caspar, Thibault; Ohana, Mickaël; Delay, Charline; Girsowicz, Elie; Ohlmann, P; Thaveau, Fabien; Geny, Bernard; Georg, Yannick; Chakfe, Nabil

    2016-04-01

    Endovascular procedures, such as transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR), and endovascular abdominal aortic repair (EVAR) have been established as promising less invasive therapeutic options. However, despite continuous advances and device improvements, the use of large-sheaths still remains an important challenge, since significant coexisting arterial disease may be encountered in patients undergoing such procedures. Identification of coexisting arterial diseases by optimal preoperative imaging assessment is essential to anticipate these difficulties and avoid the complications by using adequate access options. Should a vascular complication such as iliac rupture occur, vascular interventionists must be aware of salvage procedures to control and treat major complications, such as maintaining wire access across the rupture for occlusion balloon placement and vessel control, while disruption is addressed either through an endovascular or an open approach. The aims of this review are to describe how to prevent vascular complications by optimal preoperative imaging assessment, to detail intraoperative options available for addressing difficult access issues and to discuss how to manage intraoperative major vascular complications. PMID:26603161

  11. Endovascular repair of para-anastomotic aortoiliac aneurysms.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Tsang, Julian S

    2009-11-01

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of endovascular stent grafts in the treatment of para-anastomotic aneurysms (PAAs) as an alternative to high-risk open surgical repair. We identified all patients with previous open aortic aneurysm repair who underwent infrarenal endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) at our institution from June 1998 to April 2007. Patient demographics, previous surgery, and operative complications were recorded. One hundred forty-eight patients underwent EVAR during the study period and 11 patients had previous aortic surgery. Of these 11 redo patients, the mean age was 62 years at initial surgery and 71 years at EVAR. All patients were male. Initial open repair was for rupture in five (45%) patients. The average time between initial and subsequent reintervention was 9 years. All patients were ASA Grade III or IV. Fifty-five percent of the PAAs involved the iliac arteries, 36% the abdominal aorta, and 9% were aortoiliac. Ten patients had endovascular stent-grafts inserted electively, and one patient presented with a contained leak. Aorto-uni-iliac stent-grafts were deployed in seven patients, and bifurcated stent-grafts in four patients. A 100% successful deployment rate was achieved. Perioperative mortality was not seen and one patient needed surgical reintervention to correct an endoleak. Endovascular repair of PAAs is safe and feasible. It is a suitable alternative and has probably now become the treatment of choice in the management of PAAs.

  12. Abdominal Pain

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Faaborg, Pia Møller; Finnerup, Nanna Brix; Christensen, Peter; Krogh, Klaus

    2013-01-01

    Introduction. Most spinal-cord-injured patients have constipation. One-third develop chronic abdominal pain 10 years or more after injury. Nevertheless, very little is known about the nature of abdominal pain after spinal cord injury (SCI). It may be neuropathic or caused by constipation. Aim. To...... compare characteristics of abdominal pain in SCI with able-bodied with chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC). Subjects and Methods. 21 SCI and 15 CIC patients were referred for treatment of bowel symptoms. Constipation-related symptoms were assessed with the Cleveland Constipation Scoring System and the...... International Spinal Cord Injury Basic Bowel Function Data Set. Characteristics of abdominal pain were described using the Brief Danish Pain Questionnaire. Total gastrointestinal transit times (GITT) were measured by radiopaque markers. Results. Seventeen (81%) SCI and 14 (93%) CIC patients reported abdominal...

  13. Endovascular repair of aortic disease: a venture capital perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchanan, Lucas W; Stavropoulos, S William; Resnick, Joshua B; Solomon, Jeffrey

    2009-03-01

    Endovascular devices for the treatment of abdominal and thoracic aortic disease are poised to become the next $1 billion medical device market. A shift from open repair to endovascular repair, advances in technology, screening initiatives, and new indications are driving this growth. Although billion-dollar medical device markets are rare, this field is fraught with risk and uncertainty for startups and their venture capital investors. Technological hurdles, daunting clinical and regulatory timelines, market adoption issues, and entrenched competitors pose significant barriers to successful new venture creation. In fact, the number of aortic endografts that have failed to reach commercialization or have been pulled from the market exceeds the number of Food and Drug Administration-approved endografts in the United States. This article will shed some light on the venture capital mind-set and decision-making paradigm in the context of aortic disease. PMID:21326532

  14. Abdominal trauma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abdominal injury is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in childhood. Ten percent of trauma-related deaths are due to abdominal injury. Thousands of children are involved in auto accidents annually; many suffer severe internal injury. Child abuse is a second less frequent but equally serious cause of internal abdominal injury. The descriptions of McCort and Eisenstein and their associates in the 1960s first brought to attention the frequency and severity of visceral injury as important manifestations of the child abuse syndrome. Blunt abdominal trauma often causes multiple injuries; in the past, many children have been subjected to exploratory surgery to evaluate the extent of possible hidden injury. Since the advent of noninvasive radiologic imaging techniques including radionuclide scans and ultrasound and, especially, computed tomography (CT), the radiologist has been better able to assess (accurately) the extent of abdominal injury and thus allow conservative therapy in many cases. Penetrating abdominal trauma occurs following gunshot wounds, stabbing, and other similar injury. This is fortunately, a relatively uncommon occurrence in most pediatric centers and will not be discussed specifically here, although many principles of blunt trauma diagnosis are valid for evaluation of penetrating abdominal trauma. If there is any question that a wound has extended intraperitonelly, a sinogram with water-soluble contrast material allows quick, accurate diagnosis. The presence of large amounts of free intraperitoneal gas suggests penetrating injury to the colon or other gas-containing viscus and is generally considered an indication for surgery

  15. Successful treatment of endotension and aneurysm sac enlargement with endovascular stent graft reinforcement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kougias, Panagiotis; Lin, Peter H; Dardik, Alan; Lee, W Anthony; El Sayed, Hosam F; Zhou, Wei

    2007-07-01

    Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) enlarges after successful endovascular repair because of endoleak, which is persistent blood flow within the aneurysm sac. In the absence of detectable endoleak, AAA may still expand, in part because of endotension, which is persistent pressurization within the excluded aneurysm. We report three patients who underwent successful endovascular AAA repair using the Excluder device (W. L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, Ariz). Although their postoperative surveillance showed an initial aneurysm regression, delayed aneurysm enlargement developed in all three, apparently due to endotension. Endovascular treatment was performed in which endograft reinforcement with a combination of aortic cuff and iliac endograft extenders were inserted in the previously implanted stent grafts. The endograft reinforcement procedure successfully resulted in aneurysm sac regression in all three patients. Our study underscores the significance of increased graft permeability as a mechanism of endotension and delayed aneurysm enlargement after successful endovascular AAA repair. In addition, our cases illustrate the feasibility and efficacy of an endovascular treatment strategy when endotension and aneurysm sac enlargement develops after endovascular AAA repair. PMID:17606128

  16. Osteopontin and Osteoprotegerin as Potential Biomarkers in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm before and after Treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Filis, Konstantinos; Martinakis, Vasilios; Galyfos, George; Sigala, Fragiska; Theodorou, Dimitris; Andreadou, Ioanna; Zografos, Georgios

    2014-01-01

    Aim. Although osteopontin (OPN) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) have been associated with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), no association of these two biomarkers with AAA surgical or endovascular treatment has been reported. Material and Methods. Seventy-four AAA patients were prospectively selected for open or endovascular repair. All aneurysms were classified (Types A–E) according to aneurysmal extent in CT imaging (EUROSTAR criteria). All patients had preoperative serum OPN and OPG values meas...

  17. Hybrid Treatment of Coexisting Renal Artery Aneurysm and Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Gallbladder Cancer Patient

    OpenAIRE

    Jung, Hyuk Jae; Lee, Sang Su

    2014-01-01

    Renal artery aneurysm (RAA) is uncommon, and the coexistence of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is an extremely rare condition with potentially high life-threatening mortality in case of rupture. Aneurysms can be treated by endovascular intervention or open surgery. Although most of aneurysms are treated by endovascular intervention, open surgery is often necessary for RAAs associated with the proximal renal bifurcation or the branches in the distal renal arteries. We report a rare case of...

  18. Use of the IntuiTrak® Stent-Graft Delivery System for Percutaneous Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Exclusion: Initial Single-Center Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Tom, Cindy W.; Krajcer, Zvonimir

    2010-01-01

    The exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms by endovascular techniques has enabled the treatment of patients who have high-risk comorbidities that preclude safe surgical repair. Since the development of the unibody bifurcated endovascular stent-graft for abdominal aortic aneurysm exclusion, remarkable technological improvements have facilitated stent-graft delivery and reduced the required size of the access site. Our initial institutional experience with the use of the Endologix IntuiTrak® E...

  19. Endovascular treatment of a triple paraanastomotic aneurysm after aortobiiliac reconstruction Tratamento endovascular de triplo aneurisma para-anastomótico após derivação aorto-biilíaca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Campos Moraes Amato

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of a 72-year-old patient considered unfit for open surgery, presenting with paraanastomotic aneurysms of all three anastomoses, 13 years after an open aortobiiliac reconstruction for abdominal aortic aneurysm. This patient was successfully treated with an endovascular approach using a left aortouniiliac endograft and a right iliac tubular endograft, followed by crossover femorofemoral bypass. This report illustrates the usefulness of a minimally invasive approach for solving this complication of aortic open surgery and discusses technical issues related to endovascular devices in this particular setting.Relatamos um caso de um paciente de 72 anos não considerado elegível para cirurgia aberta, apresentando aneurismas para-anastomóticos das três anastomoses, 13 anos após uma reconstrução aberta aorto-biilíaca para aneurisma aórtico abdominal. Este paciente foi tratado com sucesso através de abordagem endovascular usando uma endoprótese aorto-uniilíaca esquerda e uma endoprótese tubular ilíaca direita, seguida por derivação cruzada fêmoro-femoral. Este relato ilustra a utilidade de uma abordagem minimamente invasiva para o tratamento desta complicação da cirurgia aórtica aberta e discute questões técnicas relacionadas a dispositivos endovasculares neste contexto em especial.

  20. Curativos para tratamento de feridas operatórias abdominais: uma revisão sistemática Los apósitos para el tratamiento quirúrgico de las heridas abdominales: una revisión sistemática Dressings for the treatment of abdominal surgical wounds: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Giordani Silva

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar o curativo prevalente para o tratamento das feridas operatórias abdominais com complicações, visando buscar evidências que possam subsidiar o desenvolvimento de um protocolo institucional para o tratamento das mesmas. Metodologia: desenvolveu-se uma Revisão Sistemática, que teve como pergunta norteadora "Qual é o curativo prevalente no tratamento dos pacientes com complicações de feridas operatórias (FOs abdominais?" Foram utilizados MeSH para buscar o maior número de estudos possíveis em sete base de dados eletrônicas. Resultados: a busca nas bases de dados resultou em 6.107 artigos que, após serem submetidos aos testes de relevância, resultaram em 33 estudos que compuseram a amostra. O curativo a VAC foi o mais indicado para tratar FOs abdominais que tiveram complicações. Conclusão: sugerem-se novas pesquisas para que se possa avaliar a efetividade e viabilidade da terapia VAC na nossa realidade.El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar los curativos prevalentes en el tratamiento de heridas quirúrgicas abdominales con complicaciones, con la finalidad de obtener evidencias que puedan subsidiar el desarrollo de protocolo institucional para tratamiento de las mismas. Metodología: una Revisión Sistemática que tuvo como pregunta orientadora ¿Cuál es el curativo prevalente en el tratamiento de los pacientes con complicaciones de heridas operatorias abdominales? Fueron utilizados MeSH para buscar el mayor número de estudios posibles, en siete bases de datos electrónicas. Resultados: La búsqueda en las bases de datos resultó en 6107 artículos, después se realizaron los Test de Relevancia resultando la muestra final de 33 estudios. El uso del curativo VAC es curativo más indicado para tratar FOs abdominales que tuvieron complicaciones. Conclusión: Se sugieren nuevas investigaciones, para que se pueda evaluar la efectividad y viabilidad de la terapia VAC en nuestra realidad.The aim of this study was to identify the dressings used to treat abdominal surgical wounds with complications, in order to look for evidence that supports the development of an institutional protocol for handling these wounds. Methodology: a Systematic Review was developed, which had as a guiding question: What is the prevalent dressing in the treatment of patients with complications in abdominal surgical wounds? The MeSH database was used to search for the largest possible number of studies in seven electronic databases. Results: The search in the databases resulted in 6,107 articles, after being tested for relevance, the result was 33 studies that comprised the sample. The use of the VAC dressing was the best suited to treat abdominal surgical wounds with complications. Conclusion: Further research is suggested, so that the effectiveness and feasibility of VAC therapy in our reality can be assessed.

  1. De novo periaortic fibrosis after endovascular aortic repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alomran, Faris; de Blic, Romain; Mallios, Alexandros; Costanzo, Alessandro; Boura, Benoit; Combes, Myriam

    2014-02-01

    We report a case of a 63-year-old man presenting with abdominal pain and hydronephrosis secondary to periaortic fibrosis (PAF) 8 months after an endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) using a woven polyester bifurcated graft. De novo delayed PAF after open repair is rare and even more infrequent after EVAR. All 3 previously reported cases occurred after woven polyester grafts and no reported cases after polytetrafluorethylene grafts. Management included steroidal anti-inflammatory treatment and bilateral double J tube placement. Satisfactory results were obtained. PMID:24275428

  2. Hygroma following endovascular femoral aneurysm exclusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wad, Morten; Pedersen, Brian Lindegaard; Lönn, Lars; Sillesen, Henrik

    2013-01-01

    Endovascular treatment of aneurysms in the superficial femoral artery (SFA) and popliteal segments is a suggested alternative to open surgical repair. Careful selection of patients for endovascular treatment of SFA aneurysms is mandatory....

  3. Anesthesia Approach in Endovascular Aortic Reconstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayşin Alagöl

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: We have analyzed our initial results of our anesthesia techniques in our new-onset endovascular aortic reconstruction cases.Patients and Methods: The perioperative data of 15 elective and emergent endovascular aortic reconstruction cases that were operated in 2010-2011 were collected in a database. The choice of anesthesia was made by the risk factors, surgical team’s preferences, type and location of the aortic pathology and by the predicted operation duration. The data of local and general anesthesia cases were compared.Results: Thirteen (86.7% cases were male and 2 (13.3% female. Eleven patients were in ASA Class III. The demographic parameters, ASA classifications, concurrent diseases were similar in both groups. Thirteen (86.7% cases had infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm and 2 (13.3% had Type III aortic dissection. The diastolic arterial pressures were lower in general anesthesia group in 20th and 40th minutes’ measurements just like the mean arterial pressure measurements at the 40th, 100th minutes and during the deployment of the graft. Postoperative mortality occurred in 3 (20.0% patients and they all had general anesthesia and they were operated on emergency basis. Postoperative morbidity occurred in four patients that had general anesthesia (acute renal failure, multi-organ failure and pneumonia. The other patient had atrial fibrillation on the 1st postoperative day and was converted to sinus rhythm with amiodarone infusion.Conclusion: Edovascular aortic reconstruction procedures can safely be performed with both general and local anesthesia less invasively compared to open surgery. General anesthesia may be preferred for the better hemodynamic control.

  4. Clinical evaluation of endovascular treatment of splenic aneurysm with covered stent

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To discuss the safety, feasibility and therapeutic effect of endovascular repair of splenic aneurysm with covered stent. Methods: Endovascular stenting repair of splenic aneurysm was performed in four patients with confirmed splenic aneurysm. All patients were followed up for one year and the follow-up examinations were made with CT scanning. The clinical data were analyzed. Results: Technical success was achieved in all four patients, no adverse effect such as abdominal pain, fever, etc. occurred. During the follow-up of one year, the stents kept staying in good position and the splenic artery remained obstructed without occurring of splenic infarction. Conclusion: Endovascular stenting repair of splenic aneurysm is a minimally-invasive, easily-acceptable treatment with few side effects, the patient can quickly regain normal status in a short period of hospitalization, although its long-term effectiveness needs to be further studied. (authors)

  5. Abdominal emergencies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: There are numerous conditions that affect mainly or exclusively the pediatric population. These constitute true emergencies, related to patient's health. Delay in diagnosis and treatment of abdominal non-traumatic emergencies may result in rapid deterioration, peritonitis, sepsis, even death or in severe complications with subsequent morbidity. Abdominal emergencies in children mostly present with pain, tenderness, occasionally coupled by vomiting, fever, abdominal distension, and failure to pass meconium or stools. Diarrhea, blood per rectum, abnormal laboratory tests and lethargy may also be manifestations of acute abdominal conditions. Abdominal emergencies have a different aetiology, depending on age and whether the pain is acute or chronic. Symptoms have to be matched with age and gender. Newborns up to 1 months of age may have congenital diseases: atresia, low obstruction including Hirschsprung's disease, meconium ileus. Meconium plug is one of the commonest cause of low obstruction in newborns that may also develop necrotizing enterocolitis, incarcerated inguinal hernia and mid-gut volvulus. Past the immediate postnatal period, any duodenal obstruction should be considered midgut volvulus until proven otherwise and patients should undergo ultrasonography and/or properly performed upper GI contrast study that records the exact position of the deduno-jejunal junction. Infants 6 months-2 years carry the risk of intussusception, mid-gut volvulus, perforation, acute pyelonephritis. Preschool and school-aged children 2-12 years carry the risk of appendicitis, genito-urinary abnormalities including torsion, urachal abnormalities, haemolytic uremic syndrome and Henoch-Schonlein purpura. Children above 12 years suffer from the same conditions as in adults. Most conditions may affect any age despite age predilection. Abdominal solid organ ultrasonography (US) coupled with gastrointestinal ultrasonography is the principle imaging modality in radiosensitive children and young individuals with abdominal pain. Sensitivity and specificity for US in diagnosing intussusception, midgut volvulus, urinary tract abnormalities and appendicitis is over 90%. US, occasionally with x-rays, usually suffice for an accurate diagnosis. Upper GI contrast studies are indicated in suspected malrotation, volvulus and atypical high obstruction cases. Lower GI contrast studies are indicated in low/colonic obstruction. CT and/or MRI should be reserved for atypical, complex cases when US and conventional radiography are equivocal or inconclusive. The radiologist should engage oneself to act immediately, consider and actively exclude those diagnoses that could be a threat to the child's health or life. The appropriate modality should be chosen and proper technique should be applied. Radiologists should function as clinicians, take initiative and discuss options and alternative diagnoses. Lack of experience should not delay performance of tests. Our job is finished when a diagnostic test has a written report provided that we make sure the child is managed properly.

  6. Single center experience in endovascular aortic repair: review of technical and clinical aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinan Demirta?

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of this study is sharing of our endovascular aortic repair experiments in patients with high risk for surgery and contributing to literature with comparing previous report according to mortality complicationsand additional operations. Methods:Patients with endovascular aortic repair application were evaluated retrospectively. Perioperative one month mortality, additional applications during procedure, occurred complications, endoleak types, approaching anesthetical technique, diagnosis of disease, comorbid factors and demographical data registered. Results were compared with data in the literature Results: Abdominal endovascular aortic repair (EVAR applicated into 19 patients. Thoracic endovascular aor tic repair (TEVAR applicated into 11 patients. EVAR patients were operated with diagnosis of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Nine of these patients were emergely operated due to rupture. TEVAR applicated 8 patients were operated due to Type 3 Aortic Dissection and 1 patient was operated due to transsection. One month mortality of all patients were found as 10% (three atients. Endoleaks were occurred 6 patients: Three of them were Type 1a, two of them were Type1b and one of them was Type2. Balloon angioplasty applicated in two patients due to Type 1a endoleak and, in one patient due to Type 1b endoleak. Chronic renal failure was developed in one patient (3.3% due to contrast nephropathy. Reexploration was applicated in two patients (6.7% due to hematoma. Conclusion: Endovascular techniques are become frequently preferred treatment modality with the developing technology. We believed that endovascular approaches are safely preferable alternative in patients with high surgical risk as our series.

  7. Endovascular treatment of PICA aneurysms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Endovascular treatment of aneurysms of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) avoids manipulation of the brainstem or lower cranial nerves and should therefore carry a lower risk of neurological morbidity than surgical clipping. We reviewed our experience of 23 patients with PICA aneurysms treated by endovascular occlusion with Guglielmi detachable coils and documented their long-term outcome on follow-up. We observed a 28 day procedure-related neurological morbidity of 13% (3/23 patients). One patient suffered permanent neurological complications. There were no procedure-related deaths. None of our patients suffered a re-bleed from their treated aneurysms. Our series shows endovascular treatment of ruptured PICA aneurysms to be safe and effective. (orig.)

  8. Signal quality of endovascular electroencephalography

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Bryan D.; Ebrahimi, Mosalam; Palafox, Leon; Srinivasan, Lakshminarayan

    2016-02-01

    Objective, Approach. A growing number of prototypes for diagnosing and treating neurological and psychiatric diseases are predicated on access to high-quality brain signals, which typically requires surgically opening the skull. Where endovascular navigation previously transformed the treatment of cerebral vascular malformations, we now show that it can provide access to brain signals with substantially higher signal quality than scalp recordings. Main results. While endovascular signals were known to be larger in amplitude than scalp signals, our analysis in rabbits borrows a standard technique from communication theory to show endovascular signals also have up to 100× better signal-to-noise ratio. Significance. With a viable minimally-invasive path to high-quality brain signals, patients with brain diseases could one day receive potent electroceuticals through the bloodstream, in the course of a brief outpatient procedure.

  9. Endovascular treatment of PICA aneurysms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mukonoweshuro, W.; Laitt, R.D.; Hughes, D.G. [Radiology Dept., Greater Manchester Neurosciences Unit, Hope Hospital, Salford, Manchester (United Kingdom)

    2003-03-01

    Endovascular treatment of aneurysms of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) avoids manipulation of the brainstem or lower cranial nerves and should therefore carry a lower risk of neurological morbidity than surgical clipping. We reviewed our experience of 23 patients with PICA aneurysms treated by endovascular occlusion with Guglielmi detachable coils and documented their long-term outcome on follow-up. We observed a 28 day procedure-related neurological morbidity of 13% (3/23 patients). One patient suffered permanent neurological complications. There were no procedure-related deaths. None of our patients suffered a re-bleed from their treated aneurysms. Our series shows endovascular treatment of ruptured PICA aneurysms to be safe and effective. (orig.)

  10. Intraoperative endovascular ultrasonography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eton, Darwin; Ahn, Samuel S.; Baker, J. D.; Pensabene, Joseph; Yeatman, Lawrence S.; Moore, Wesley S.

    1991-05-01

    The early experience using intra-operative endovascular ultrasonography (EU) is reported in eight patients undergoing lower extremity revasularization. In four patients, intra-operative EU successfully characterized inflow stenoses that were inadequately imaged with pre- operative arteriography. Two patients were found to have hemodynamically significant inflow stenoses, and were treated with intra-operative balloon angioplasty followed by repeat EU. The other two patients were found to have non-hemodynamically significant inflow stenoses requiring no treatment. Additional outflow procedures were required in all four patients. In the remaining four patients, EU was used to evaluate the completeness of TEC rotary atherectomy, of Hall oscillatory endarterectomy, of thrombectomy of the superficial femoral and popliteal arteries, and of valve lysis during in situ saphenous vein grafting, respectively. In the latter case, the valve leaflets were not clearly seen. In the other cases, EU assisted the surgeon. Angioscopy and angiography were available for comparison. In one case, angioscopy failed because of inability to clear the field while inspecting retrograde the limb of an aorto-bi-femoral graft. EU however was possible. No complications of EU occurred. EU is a safe procedure indicated when characterization of a lesion is needed prior to an intervention or when evaluation of the intervention's success is desired. We did not find it useful in valve lysis for in-site grafting.

  11. Endovascular Treatment of an Aneurysmal Aberrant Systemic Artery Supplying a Pulmonary Sequestrum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kristensen, Katrine Lawaetz, E-mail: klk@dadlnet.dk [Odense University Hospital, Department of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery (Denmark); Duus, Louise Aarup, E-mail: louise.brodersen@gmail.com [Sygehus Lillebaelt Vejle, Department of Radiology (Denmark); Elle, Bo, E-mail: Bo.Elle@rsyd.dk [Odense University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Denmark)

    2015-10-15

    An aberrant systemic artery originating from the abdominal aorta supplying a pulmonary sequestration is a rare congenital malformation. This causes a left-to-left shunt. Symptoms include recurrent pneumonias, hemoptysis, and, in the long term, heart failure. Aneurysm of the aberrant vessel is rarely seen. Traditionally, treatment of pulmonary sequestrations includes ligation of the feeding vessel and lobectomy. A new promising treatment is an endovascular approach. Only a few cases describe endovascular treatment of pulmonary sequestration. This is the first published case of a giant aneurysmal branch from the abdominal aorta to the normal basal segments of the lung, successfully occluded with an Amplatzer Vascular Plug II (AVP II, St.Jude Medical, MN, USA) alone.

  12. Tratamiento percutaneo de aneurismas aorto-ilíacos Percutaneous treatment of aorto-iliac aneurysm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CARLO ZÚÑIGA G

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La reparación endovascular de aneurismas abdominales e ilíacos requiere de la introducción de dispositivos de alto calibre (> 16 F mediante denudación de arterias femorales. Mediante una variación técnica, el sistema de sutura arterial percutanea Prostar-XL® (Abbott, EEUU permite el acceso arterial percutaneo evitando la denudación. Objetivo: Analizar la experiencia inicial en el tratamiento percutaneo de aneurismas del territorio aorto-ilíaco. Material y Método: Revisión de las historias clínicas y base de datos de pacientes tratados con sutura arterial percutanea, entre octubre de 2003 y abril de 2008. Resultados: Tratamos 22 pacientes con esta técnica (20 hombres y 2 mujeres. Dieciséis portadores de aneurisma aórtico abdominal, 3 aneurismas ilíacos, 2 reparaciones de endofuga y un aneurisma hipogástrico. La edad promedio fue 72,6 años (rango 56-86. Se utilizó el sistema Prostar XL® para sutura percutanea en 37 arterias femorales. La anestesia más utilizada fue peridural en el 50% de los pacientes. En 7 casos (31,8% se efectuó la operación exclusivamente con anestesia local. El diámetro de los dispositivos de endoprótesis fue de 16 a 23 F. Se obtuvo éxito técnico en 34 cierres (92%. Tres arterias requirieron reparación quirúrgica tradicional. No hubo mortalidad operatoria. Durante el seguimiento (promedio 12,6 meses, rango 1-53 no se registraron falsos aneurismas femorales ni infección. Discusión: El cierre percutaneo en la reparación endovascular de aneurismas aorto-ilíacos es un procedimiento mínimamente invasivo, seguro y efectivo, que permite eventualmente el uso de anestesia local.Introduction: Endovascular repair of aortic (AAA and iliac artery aneurysms requires introduction and deployment of large bore devices (> 16 F through surgical exposure of the femoral artery. The Prostar XL ® arterial suture system allows the introduction of such devices without the need for surgical exposure. Aim: To report our initial experience with percutaneous arterial closure during aneurysm endografting. Methods: We reviewed records and datábase of patients treated with this technique between October2003 and April 2008. Results: We treated 22 patients with this technique (20 men and 2 women, average age 72 years. Sixteen had AAA, 3 iliac artery aneurysm, 1 hypogastric aneurysm and two for endoleak repair. The percutaneous closure device was used in 37 femoral arteries. In 7 patients (31,8% the operation was completed entirely under local anaesthesia. The diameter of the devices ranged between 16 and 23 F. Technical success was obtained in 34 arteries (92%. Three arteries required surgical repair due to inadequate haemostasis (sheaths 18, 21, and 21 F. There was no operative mortality. During follow-up (mean 12,6 months, range 1-53 no false aneurysm or infection at the puncture site has been registered and the patients remain free of complications. Discussion: Percutaneous arterial closure in endovascular aneurysm repair is a safe, minimally invasive and effective procedure which allows resolving theses serious conditions in selected patients.

  13. The ovation abdominal stent graft for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: current evidence and future perspectives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Georgakarakos, Efstratios; Ioannou, Christos V; Georgiadis, George S; Storck, Martin; Trellopoulos, George; Koutsias, Stylianos; Lazarides, Miltos K

    2016-03-01

    The Ovation Abdominal Stent Graft System is a trimodular endoprosthesis recently introduced for the endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). It uncouples the stages of stent-graft fixation and sealing with the suprarenal fixation achieved with a long, rigid anchored stent while the sealing onto the neck is accomplished via a pair of polymer-filled inflatable rings that accommodate to each patient's individual anatomy. Moreover, the lack of Nitinol support enables lower profiles of the endograft's delivery system, thus facilitating the navigation through angulated and stenosed iliac vessels. Ovation's novel design expands further the AAA eligibility to endovascular repair. This article discusses the clinical and hemodynamic consequences of the Ovation design and contributes to better understanding of current and future implications. PMID:26822951

  14. Open surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: Proximal aortic control by endoaortic balloon - A novel approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Balakrishnan Soundaravalli

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Patients with infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm with unfavorable anatomy for endovascular aneurysm repair have to undergo open surgical repair. Open surgery has its own morbidity in terms of proximal clamping and declamping, bleeding and prolonged hospital stay and mortality. We present two such patients with juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm who underwent open surgical repair. The proximal aortic control during open surgical repair of the aneurysm was achieved by endoaortic balloon occlusion technique.

  15. Abdominal wall surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdominal wall surgery is a procedure that improves the appearance of flabby, stretched-out abdominal (belly) muscles and skin. ... mini-tummy tuck to more extensive surgery. Abdominal wall surgery is not the same as liposuction, which ...

  16. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Treatments

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... disease Infertility Liver disease Needle biopsy Obesity Osteoporosis Pediatrics Pelvic pain ... Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms Interventional Radiologists Treat Abdominal Aneurysms Nonsurgically Interventional radiologists ...

  17. Complications after Endovascular Aneurysm Repair

    OpenAIRE

    Maleux, Geert; Koolen, Marcel; Heye, Sam

    2009-01-01

    Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has become an established technique for the treatment of many infrarenal aortic aneurysms. Although EVAR is obviously less invasive than open surgical repair, it is not free of complications. These can potentially result in severe morbidity or even mortality, stressing the need for an early detection and subsequent treatment. In this review article, the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of the most common complications of EVAR, with the exception of...

  18. [Endovascular treatment for cerebral aneurysms].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoya, Katsumi; Hyodo, Akio

    2009-09-01

    Endovascular therapy for cerebral aneurysms has been possible since the advent of Guglielmi detachable coils. The International Subarachnoid Aneurysm Trial (ISAT) showed that the 1-year outcome of endovascular coiling for ruptured aneurysms was significantly better than that of neurosurgical clipping. After the ISAT study, remarkably high numbers of aneurysms have been treated using coils across the world. Digital subtraction angiography (DSA) system and its road map function are also essential for endovascular therapy. Three-dimensional DSA is helpful in understanding the anatomy of an aneurysm that has to be treated and determining the working angle for coiling. The biplane system is also useful for embolization. Many kinds of coils such as three-dimensional shaped coils and stretch-resistant coils have been invented. These coils, in combination with balloon-or stent-assisted techniques, enable the treatment of difficult aneurysms such as those with wide necks. Bioactive coils allow the healing of aneurysm by promoting tissue reaction. However, it is difficult to cure very large and giant aneurysms even with the new coils. Hence flow-diverting stents and Onyx are being clinically tested for the treatment of such cases. PMID:19803402

  19. Endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms: a review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thurnher, Siegfried A. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, Wien (Austria); Grabenwoeger, Martin [Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, University of Vienna (Austria)

    2002-06-01

    Open surgical repair is considered the traditional treatment for patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAA). In view of the persistent perioperative mobidity and mortality, endovascular stent-graft placement as a minimally invasive and potentially safer treatment for aneurysm of the descending aorta was introduced in 1992. Since then, progress has been made and several institutions have substantiated the safety and effectiveness of stent grafts in the repair of descending TAAs or type-B aortic dissections. Currently, both custom-designed, home-made, and commercially available stent grafts are used. Prior to placement of the endoprosthesis, three major prerequisites must be considered: the localization and morphology of the aneurysm; the distal vascular access of sufficient size; and a limited tortuosity of the abdominal and thoracic aorta. Although short-term results are encouraging, severe complications, including paraplegia, cerebral strokes, and aortic rupture, have been encountered. The long-term durability of currently available stent-graft systems is nonexistent and material fatigue are of major concern to both surgeons and radiologists. Nevertheless, endovascular stent-graft placement could become the procedure of choice in a substantial number of patients with descending TAA. (orig.)

  20. Endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms: a review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Open surgical repair is considered the traditional treatment for patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAA). In view of the persistent perioperative mobidity and mortality, endovascular stent-graft placement as a minimally invasive and potentially safer treatment for aneurysm of the descending aorta was introduced in 1992. Since then, progress has been made and several institutions have substantiated the safety and effectiveness of stent grafts in the repair of descending TAAs or type-B aortic dissections. Currently, both custom-designed, home-made, and commercially available stent grafts are used. Prior to placement of the endoprosthesis, three major prerequisites must be considered: the localization and morphology of the aneurysm; the distal vascular access of sufficient size; and a limited tortuosity of the abdominal and thoracic aorta. Although short-term results are encouraging, severe complications, including paraplegia, cerebral strokes, and aortic rupture, have been encountered. The long-term durability of currently available stent-graft systems is nonexistent and material fatigue are of major concern to both surgeons and radiologists. Nevertheless, endovascular stent-graft placement could become the procedure of choice in a substantial number of patients with descending TAA. (orig.)

  1. Emergent Endovascular Stent Grafts for Ruptured Aortic Aneurysms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montgomery, Jennifer P; Kolbeck, Kenneth J; Kaufman, John A

    2015-09-01

    Ruptured aortic aneurysms uniformly require emergent attention. Historically, urgent surgical repair or medical management was the only treatment options. The development of covered stent grafts has introduced a third approach in the care of these critical patients. The clinical status of the patient and local physician expertise drive the treatment modalities in the majority of cases. The goal of therapy in these patients is to stabilize the patient as quickly as possible, establish maximum survival with minimum morbidity, and provide a long lasting result. The endovascular approach has become an acceptable treatment option in an increasing number of patients presenting with ruptured aneurysmal disease of both the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta. Major factors influencing treatment include patient clinical status, characteristics of the aorta, physician preference, institutional experience, and availability of appropriate equipment. Planning, experience, and the ability to improvise effective solutions are keys to the success of the procedure when endovascular techniques are utilized. Three separate cases, requiring intraprocedural improvisation, are presented followed by a review of the literature. PMID:26327743

  2. Endovascular Stent-Graft Treatment of Giant Celiac Artery Pseudoaneurysm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuncel, Sedat Alpaslan; Gülcü, Aytaç; Y?lmaz, Erdem; Çiftçi, Taner; Göktay, Ahmet Yi?it

    2015-01-01

    Summary Background Visceral artery aneurysms (VAAs) comprise an uncommon but life-threatening vascular disease. When rupture is the first clinical presentation, mortality rate reaches 70%. Increased use of cross-sectional imaging has led to a greater rate of diagnosis (40–80%) of asymptomatic VAAs. In the past, surgery was the treatment of choice for VAAs carrying high risk of mortality and morbidity. Case Report A 22-year-old man, who had undergone gastric, pancreatic and aortic surgery 2.5 years earlier, presented with progressive abdominal pain. Multidetector computed tomography scan revealed an 8-cm celiac pseudoaneurysm. We report a giant celiac pseudoaneurysm treated with stent-graft implantation. Conclusions Endovascular treatment of VAA is a safe and effective method alternative to surgery. PMID:26236417

  3. Preoperative methylprednisolone enhances recovery after endovascular aortic repair

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de la Motte, Louise; Kehlet, Henrik; Vogt, Katja; Nielsen, Claus H; Groenvall, John B; Nielsen, Henning B; Andersen, Andreas; Schroeder, Torben V; Lönn, Lars

    2014-01-01

    modified. No differences in 30-day medical (23% vs 36%) (P = 0.1) or surgical (20% vs 21%) morbidity were found in the active group versus the placebo group. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative MP attenuates the inflammatory response with a faster recovery after EVAR for abdominal aortic aneurysms. Further safety......OBJECTIVE: To evaluate effects of preoperative high-dose glucocorticoid on the inflammatory response and recovery after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). BACKGROUND: The postimplantation syndrome after EVAR may delay recovery due to the release of proinflammatory mediators...... fulfillment of discharge criteria was shorter [2 days (IQR = 2-4 days) vs 3 days (IQR = 3-4 days)] (P < 0.001). C-reactive protein, temperature, interleukin 8, and soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor were also reduced (P < 0.001) by MP. Myeloperoxidase, D-dimer, and matrix metalloproteinase 9 were not...

  4. Cervical mycotic aneurysm in an infant. MRI findings and endovascular treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A case of cervical mycotic aneurysm in a 6-month-old infant is presented. Eight days after birth the preterm newborn had a perforated necrotizing enterocolitis. Treatment included abdominal percutaneous drainage and surgery. Hemo cultures grew staphylococcus aureus methicillin resistant. Antibiotic therapy was indicated with a favorable evolution. Five months later the infant showed a lateral cervical mass nad hemorrhagic fluid in her right external auditory canal. Ultrasound and MRI were performed. MRI demonstrated a heterogeneous fluid-containing neck mass, similar in appearance to a parapharyngeal hematoma, with flow void sign. Digital substraction angiography (DSA) was performed to highlight the vascular anatomy demonstrating a mycotic aneurysm adjacent to the ascendent pharyngeal artery. The endovascular treatment with Histoacryl-Lipiodol was successful without any technical or neurological complications. Mycotic aneurysm is a very rare, but potentially fatal complication in infants. In our case report, MRI and DSA provided an accurate diagnosis leading to a rapid endovascular therapy. (author)

  5. Acquisition of endovascular skills for uterine artery embolization using a simulator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McLucas, Bruce; Coats, Richard; Lönn, Lars Birger; Berry, Max

    2009-01-01

    This study addresses endovascular training using simulators for uterine artery embolization. A review of endovascular skill training for surgeons using simulators was performed. Surgeons possess varying levels of proficiency in endovascular techniques. A simulator will improve endovascular skills...

  6. Indications for and outcome of open AAA repair in the endovascular era.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wieker, Carola M; Spazier, Max; Böckler, Dittmar

    2016-04-01

    The benefits, safety and efficacy of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is well documented and intensively reported in multiple randomized trials and meta-analysis. Therefore, EVAR became the first choice of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) treatment in almost 70-100% of patients. Consecutively, open repair (OR) is performed less frequently in morphologically preselected patients. Anatomical condition remains the most important factor for indication for OR. Especially unfavorable intrarenal landing zone based on difficult neck anatomy like very short neck or excessive neck angulation is still the most predictive factor. Furthermore, patients presenting additional iliac aneurysms, aortoiliac occlusive disease or variations of renal arteries are recommended for OR. Randomized trials like EVAR 1, DREAM and OVER from the year 2004/2005 and 2009 showed lower 30-day mortality rates in EVAR compared to OR. However, the late mortality rates after two years became equal in both treatment options. Furthermore, reinterventions after EVAR occur more frequently than after OR. Analysis from our own data showed a higher 30-day mortality in the patients who underwent OR in the endovascular era (15% vs. 2.5%), however the number of emergency open AAA repair because of ruptured aneurysms was much higher in the endovascular era (32.5% vs. 5%). In conclusion, treatment of AAA has changed in the past decade. Nevertheless OR of AAA still remains as a safe and durable method in experienced surgeons, even in the endovascular era. High volume centres are needed to offer the best patients´ treatment providing the best postoperative outcome. Therefore OR must remain a part of fellowship training in the future. To decide the best treatment option many facts like patients´ fitness and preference or finally the anatomic suitability for endovascular repair have to be considered. PMID:26822580

  7. Vascular training and endovascular practice in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liapis, C.D.; Avgerinos, E.D.; Sillesen, H.; Beneddetti-Valentini, F.; Cairols, M.; Bockel, J.H. Van; Bergqvist, D.; Greenhalgh, R.

    2009-01-01

    specialties was distributed to a VS educator within 14 European countries. European Vascular and Endovascular Monitor (EVEM) data also were processed to correlate endovascular practice with training models. RESULTS: Fourteen questionnaires were gathered. Vascular training in Europe appears in 3 models: 1...... endovascular procedures, though, have similar growth rates in both country groups (VS independent 62% vs VS non-independent 60%). CONCLUSIONS: In European countries with VS as an independent specialty, vascular surgeons have a shorter total training period but spend more time in VS training, although they may...

  8. Endovascular interventional therapy for acute limb ischemia

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Acute limb ischemia is an urgent and common clinical condition which occurs when the blood flow to a certain extremity is suddenly blocked b either embolic agent or thrombotic vascular lesion. Prompt restoration of perfusion through early intervention can significantly decrease the incidence of amputation and mortality. The main therapeutic methods include surgical operation and endovascular interventional technique. For recent years, considerable progress in treating acute limb ischemia with endovascular interventional technique has been achieved. This article aims to make a comprehensive review in respect of the endovascular intervention therapy for acute limb ischemia. (authors)

  9. Endovascular repair of an aorto-iliac aneurysm succeeded by kidney transplantation Tratamento endovascular de aneurisma aorto-ilíaco sucedido por transplante renal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Bellini Dalio

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available We present the case of aorto-iliac aneurysm in a patient with chronic renal failure requiring dialysis who were treated with an endovascular stent graft and, later on, submitted to kidney transplantation. A 53-year-old male with renal failure requiring dialysis presented with an asymptomatic abdominal aorto-iliac aneurysm measuring 5.0cm of diameter. He was treated with endovascular repair technique, being used an endoprosthesis Excluder®. After four months, he was successfully submitted to kidney transplantation (dead donor, with anastomosis of the graft renal artery in the external iliac artery distal to the endoprosthesis. The magnetic resonance imaging, carried out 30 days after the procedure, showed a good positioning of the endoprosthesis and adequate perfusion of the renal graft. In the follow-up, the patient presented improvement of nitrogenous waste, good positioning of the endoprosthesis without migration or endoleak. The endovascular repair of aorto-iliac aneurysm in a patient with end-stage renal failure under hemodialysis treatment showed to be feasible, safe and efficient, as it did not prevent the success of the posterior kidney transplantation.Apresentamos o caso de aneurisma aortoilíaco em um paciente com insuficiência renal crônica dialítica tratado com uma endoprótese vascular, sendo, após, submetido a transplante renal. Um homem de 53 anos com insuficiência renal dialítica apresentava um aneurisma abdominal aortoilíaco assintomático com 5,0cm de diâmetro. Foi tratado com técnica endovascular com uma endoprótese Excluderâ. Após quatro meses, foi submetido a transplante renal (doador cadáver com sucesso, com anastomose da artéria renal do enxerto na artéria ilíaca externa distal à endoprótese. A ressonância magnética 30 dias após o procedimento mostrou a endoprótese bem posicionada e o enxerto renal bem perfundido. No seguimento, o paciente evoluiu com melhora das escórias nitrogenadas, bom posicionamento da endoprótese, sem migração ou endoleak. O reparo endovascular do aneurisma aortoilíaco em paciente com insuficiência renal terminal em hemodiálise mostrou-se exequível, seguro e eficaz, e não comprometeu o sucesso do transplante renal posterior.

  10. Helical CT of abdominal aorta; Angioscanner helicoidal de l'aorte abdominale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bourlet, P.; Garnier, J.M.; Alfidja, A.; Lipiecka, E.; Chahid, T.; Privat, C.; Ravel, A.; Boyer, L. [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Montpied, Service de Radiologie B Viscerale et Vasculaire, 63 - Clermont Ferrand (France)

    2005-01-15

    The purpose was to illustrate that single or multi-row spiral CT angiography has become the main modality for the examination of the abdominal aorta. Our multidisciplinary group investigates weekly 15 abdominal aortas, with a single slice spiral CT since 1995, and a 4 row detector spiral CT since 1999. CT scans protocols and parameters optimization for the 2 CT systems are described. Indications and results of CT to investigate the various abdominal aortic diseases are illustrated and discussed: aneurysms (pre-therapeutic staging, selection of indications of endovascular stent-grafting); obstructive aorto-arterio-pathies (pre-therapeutic staging, follow up after endovascular revascularization); dissection (diagnosis, pre-therapeutic staging, follow up); inflammatory diseases; normal patterns and principal complications after surgery. Situations where multislice CT is superior to single slice CT and compared advantages of MRI are discussed. CT is at the present time the main technique to image abdominal aorta. Multislice CT is especially interesting to explore the whole aorta, poly traumatisms, and to plan and follow up endovascular treatments. (author)

  11. Imaging and management of complications of open surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nayeemuddin, M. [Department of Interventional Radiology, City General Hospital, University Hospital of North Staffordshire NHS Trust, Stoke-On-Trent (United Kingdom); Pherwani, A.D. [Department of Vascular Surgery, City General Hospital, University Hospital of North Staffordshire NHS Trust, Stoke-On-Trent (United Kingdom); Asquith, J.R., E-mail: john.asquith@uhns.nhs.uk [Department of Interventional Radiology, City General Hospital, University Hospital of North Staffordshire NHS Trust, Stoke-On-Trent (United Kingdom)

    2012-08-15

    Open repair is still considered the reference standard for long-term repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). In contrast to endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), patients with open surgical repair of AAA are not routinely followed up with imaging. Although complications following EVAR are widely recognized and routinely identified on follow-up imaging, complications also do occur following open surgical repair. With frequent use of multi-slice computed tomography (CT) angiography (CTA) in vascular patients, there is now improved recognition of the potential complications following open surgical repair. Many of these complications are increasingly being managed using endovascular techniques. The aim of this review is to illustrate a variety of potential complications that may occur following open surgical repair and to demonstrate their management using both surgical and endovascular techniques.

  12. Endovascular Treatment of Chronic Mesenteric Ischemia: Report of Five Cases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To evaluate the midterm results of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and stent placement in stenotic and occluded mesenteric arteries in five consecutive patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia. Methods: Five patients with 70%-100% obliterations of all mesenteric vessels resulting in chronic mesenteric ischemia (n= 4) and as a prophylactic measure prior to abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (n= 1) underwent PTA of celiac and/or superior mesenteric artery (SMA) stenoses (n= 2), primary stenting of ostial celiac occlusions (n= 2), and secondary stenting of a SMA occlusion (n= 1; recoil after initial PTA). All patients underwent duplex ultrasonography (US) (n= 3) and/or angiography (n= 5) during a median follow-up of 21 months (range 8-42 months). Results: Clinical success was obtained in all five patients. Asymptomatic significant late restenoses (n3) were successfully treated with repeat PTA (n= 2) and stenting of an SMA occlusion (n= 1; celiac stent restenosis). Recurrent pain in one patient was interpreted as secondary to postsurgical abdominal adhesions. Two puncture-site complications occurred requiring local surgical treatment. Conclusions: Endovascular techniques may be attempted prior to surgery in cases of stenotic or short occlusive lesions in patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia. Surgery may still be preferred in patients with long occlusions and a low operative risk

  13. Renal Vascular Lesions: Diagnosis and Endovascular Management

    OpenAIRE

    Chimpiri, A. Rao; Natarajan, Balasubramani

    2009-01-01

    Renal vascular abnormalities included in this review are renal artery aneurysms (RAA) and renal arteriovenous malformations (AVM). The clinical presentation, diagnosis, and principles of management with emphasis on endovascular techniques are discussed.

  14. Femoral incision morbidity following endovascular aortic aneurysm repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slappy, A L Jackson; Hakaim, Albert G; Oldenburg, W Andrew; Paz-Fumagalli, Ricardo; McKinney, J Mark

    2003-01-01

    Currently available aortic stent-grafts require bilateral femoral incisions for device deployment. The incidence of morbidity (infection, lymphatic complications, breakdown) of vertical, infrainguinal incisions used in endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) was assessed, and the natural history of asymptomatic groin fluid collections following such procedures was determined. Between June 1999 and February 2001, 77 consecutive patients underwent EVAR for AAAs utilizing bilateral vertical femoral incisions. Fifty-nine (77%) bifurcated stent-grafts (BSGs), and 18 (23%) aortouniiliac (AUI) devices, with femorofemoral bypass were performed. Patients returned at 2 weeks, 1 month, and 6 months for physical examination, and 1 month and 6 months for abdominal and pelvic computed tomography (CT) scans. The presence of fluid collections was determined from the dictation report of the attending radiologist. Data are reported as (n) mean +/-SE. Patient characteristics were compared using Fisher's exact test; p<0.05 considered significant. There were 72 males and 5 females, age 75 +/-6.4 years and aneurysm size (77) 5.6 +/-0.8 cm. There were no cases of wound breakdown or lymph fistula. Wound infections occurred in 3/150 incisions (2%), 2/34 AUI incisions (6%), and 1/116 BSG incisions (0.86%). There was no statistical difference (p=0.13) between graft types (BSG vs AUI). All infections were diagnosed clinically before the 1-month CT scan, treated without operative intervention or hospitalization, and resolved. There was a significant decrease in the BSG group and overall in asymptomatic wound fluid collections from 1 to 6 months postoperatively. At 1 and 6 months, respectively, the BSG group had 17 (14.6%) and 3 (2.6%) fluid collections out of 116 incisions (p=0.003); the AUI group had 6 (17.6%) and 1 (2.9%) fluid collection(s) out of 34 incisions (p=0.13); and overall 23 (15.3%) and 4 (2.6%) out of 150 incisions (p=0.004). The present study demonstrates that bilateral vertical femoral incisions used in EVAR have a wound infection rate of 2.0%. Infections are usually detected and treated clinically and empirically without the need for hospitalization or surgery. Asymptomatic groin wound fluid collections resolve significantly within 6 months without intervention. Therefore, surgical femoral artery exposure adds little morbidity to the endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. PMID:12669141

  15. Tratamento endovascular de fístula aortocaval pós-traumática tardia: relato de caso Endovascular treatment of late post-traumatic aorto-caval fistula: case report

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    Leonardo Pessoa Cavalcante

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available As fístulas aortocavais são entidades raras e de etiologia variada. Uma minoria é consequente a eventos pós-traumáticos. As manifestações clínicas, nesses casos, podem ser agudas ou tardias. As tardias manifestam-se dias, semanas ou anos após o trauma, principalmente como quadro de insuficiência cardíaca congestiva. O tratamento de tais fístulas pode ser realizado através do reparo direto por cirurgia aberta ou através da abordagem endovascular. Relatamos o caso de um paciente do sexo masculino, de 53 anos que apresentou, 27 anos após um ferimento por arma branca abdominal, sinais importantes de insuficiência cardíaca congestiva, manifestada como palpitações e dispneia, fibrilação atrial paroxística, além de pressão arterial divergente e sopro em epigástrio. A angiotomografia confirmou o diagnóstico de fístula aortocaval e procedeu-se ao tratamento endovascular para o selamento da fístula. O paciente, segundo acompanhamento após três meses, apresentou evolução satisfatória, com melhora significante do quadro e controle adequado da insuficiência cardíaca congestiva.Aortocaval fistulas are rare entities with different etiologies. A minority of them are consequent to post-traumatic events. The clinic in these cases may be acute or delayed. The later manifest themselves days, weeks or years after the trauma mainly as congestive heart failure. Its treatment can be done by open surgery or endovascular approach. The present case it is a 53 year old man who presented, 27 years after a stab wound in the abdomen, important signs of congestive heart failure, manifested as palpitations and dyspnea, paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, besides of dissenting blood pressure and bruit in the epigastrium. Angiotomography confirmed the diagnosis of aorto-caval fistula and proceeded to endovascular treatment for fistula repair. The patient, according with control after three months, showed a satisfactory outcome, with significant improvement of the condition and appropriate control of heart failure.

  16. Endovascular Management of Acute Limb Ischemia.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hynes, Brian G

    2011-09-14

    Despite major advances in pharmacologic and endovascular therapies, acute limb ischemia (ALI) continues to result in significant morbidity and mortality. The incidence of ALI may be as high as 13-17 cases per 100,000 people per year, with mortality rates approaching 18% in some series. This review will address the contemporary endovascular management of ALI encompassing pharmacologic and percutaneous interventional treatment strategies.

  17. Acute vasculitis after endovascular brachytherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Angioplasty effectively relieves coronary artery stenosis but is often followed by restenosis. Endovascular radiation (β or γ) at the time of angioplasty prevents restenosis in a large proportion of vessels in swine (short term) and humans (short and long term). Little information is available about the effects of this radiation exposure beyond the wall of the coronary arteries. Methods and Materials: Samples were obtained from 76 minipigs in the course of several experiments designed to evaluate endovascular brachytherapy: 76 of 114 coronary arteries and 6 of 12 iliac arteries were exposed to endovascular radiation from 32P sources (35 Gy at 0.5 mm from the intima). Two-thirds of the vessels had angioplasty or stenting. The vessels were systematically examined either at 28 days or at 6 months after radiation. Results: We found an unexpected lesion: acute necrotizing vasculitis in arterioles located ≤2.05 mm from the target artery. It was characterized by fibrinoid necrosis of the wall, often associated with lymphocytic exudates or thrombosis. Based on the review of perpendicular sections of tissue samples, the arterioles had received between 6 and 40 Gy. This arteriolar vasculitis occurred at 28 days in samples from 51% of irradiated coronary arteries and 100% of irradiated iliac arteries. By 6 months, the incidence of acute vasculitis decreased to 24% around the coronary arteries. However, at that time, healing vasculitis was evident, often with luminal narrowing, in 46% of samples. Vasculitis was not seen in any of 44 samples from unirradiated vessels (0%) and had no relation to angioplasty, stenting, or their sequelae. This radiation-associated vasculitis in the swine resembles the localized lymphocytic vasculitis that we have reported in tissues of humans exposed to external radiation. On the other hand, it is quite different from the various types of systemic vasculitis that occur in nonirradiated humans. Conclusion: Endoarterial brachytherapy using 32P results in vascular effects beyond the adventitia of the target vessel. This necrotizing vasculitis is causally related to radiation, but its mechanism is unclear and a dose effect is not evident. Quite possibly, local upregulation of inflammatory cytokines contributes to this radiation-associated vasculitis, which only involved some of the arterioles in each sample. It is likely that radiation-associated vasculitis also occurs around human coronary arteries and may result in foci of ischemia. To our knowledge, this lesion has not been previously recognized, either in experimental models or in human specimens examined after angioplasty/brachytherapy

  18. Tratamento endovascular de aneurismas cirsoideos do couro cabeludo Endovascular treatment of scalp cirsoid aneurysms

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    Eduardo Wajnberg

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Relatar os resultados da aplicação de técnicas endovasculares no tratamento de aneurismas cirsoideos do couro cabeludo. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Quatro pacientes com diagnóstico de aneurismas cirsoideos foram submetidos ao tratamento por via endovascular. Todos os quatro pacientes incluídos nesta série tinham malformações arteriovenosas e foram tratados apenas com embolização. RESULTADOS: Três pacientes foram submetidos a tratamento endovascular mediante embolização transarterial e um foi tratado por punção direta da porção venosa. Os resultados clínicos e cosméticos foram satisfatórios em todos os pacientes. Não houve recidiva clínica durante o período de acompanhamento. CONCLUSÃO: A via endovascular é uma alternativa segura e eficaz no tratamento dos aneurismas cirsoideos. Embora possa ser efetivamente utilizado como uma alternativa adjuvante ou complementar à cirurgia, especialmente quando é necessário lidar com aferências profundas, a maioria dos casos pode ser totalmente curada apenas com a terapêutica endovascular. A escolha do método de tratamento deve ser baseada em uma variedade de características próprias da lesão, incluindo sua angioarquitetura, tamanho e apresentação clínica.OBJECTIVE: To report results of the application of endovascular techniques in the management of scalp cirsoid aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four patients diagnosed with cirsoid aneurysms were submitted to treatment by endovascular approach. All the four patients included in the present series had arteriovenous malformations and were treated solely by embolization. RESULTS: Three of the patients underwent endovascular treatment by transarterial embolization and one was treated by direct puncture of the venous segment. Both clinical and cosmetic outcomes were satisfactory in all of the patients. Clinical relapse was not observed along the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: The endovascular approach is safe and effective in the management of crisoid aneurysms. Although this technique can be used as an adjuvant or complement to surgery, particularly in cases where deep afferents are involved, complete resolution can be achieved only with endovascular treatment. The choice of treatment method should be based on a range of typical characteristics of the lesion, including angioarchitecture, size and clinical presentation.

  19. The role of gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging in the preoperative evaluation of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anbarasu, A.; McWilliams, R.G. [Department of Radiology, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Prescot Street, Liverpool, L7 8XP (United Kingdom); Harris, P.L. [Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Prescot Street, Liverpool, L7 8XP (United Kingdom)

    2002-07-01

    Inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm is an uncommon variant of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Thorough preoperative imaging of the extent of the aneurysm and inflammation and the associated complications are crucial in the management of this condition. We report a case of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm where, after the initial contrast-enhanced CT, gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging was used to define the true extent of the inflammation and differentiate inflammation from mural thrombus at the iliac extension of the aneurysm. The imaging appearances are presented and the impact of MR imaging on further surgical management options including endovascular repair are discussed. (orig.)

  20. Failure of aneurysm sac shrinkage after endovascular repair; the effect of mural calcification

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Love, M. [Department of Radiology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: mark.love@royalhospitals.n-i.nhs.uk; Wray, A. [Department of Radiology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast (United Kingdom); Worthington, M. [Department of Radiology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast (United Kingdom); Ellis, P. [Department of Radiology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast (United Kingdom)

    2005-12-15

    AIM: To evaluate the effect of abdominal aortic aneurysm wall calcification on subsequent sac shrinkage after endovascular repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-three patients underwent endovascular aneurysm repair. The degree of sac wall calcification on pre-procedural computed tomography (CT) examination was graded from 1 to 4 according to the degree of circumferential involvement. On follow-up CT imaging, the maximum transverse diameter (MTD) of the sac was recorded, as well as the presence or absence of endoleak. In those patients with a non-shrinking aneurysm, but no CT evidence of endoleak, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (USS) was performed. Any patient with an endoleak, however diagnosed, was excluded from the study. Kruskal-Wallis and Spearman's rank correlation coefficient testing was applied to compare the degree of calcification and change in MTD. RESULTS: Sixty-three pre-procedural CT images were available for calcification grading. Six of this group had endoleaks resulting in 57 sets of data being available for the study. A reduction in MTD occurred in 68.25% of these patients by 1 year post-procedure. Our figures show aortic calcification is inversely associated with MTD reduction at 6 months (p=0.01), 1 year (p=0.05) and 2 years (p=0.05). CONCLUSION: This study indicates that the degree of aortic wall calcification is significant in predicting MTD reduction post-endovascular repair. The possible mechanisms and implications of this are discussed.

  1. Endovascular repair of early rupture of Dacron aortic graft--two case reports.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Sultan, Sherif

    2005-01-01

    Complications after open aortic surgery pose a challenge both to the vascular surgeon and the patient because of aging population, widespread use of cardiac revascularization, and improved survival after aortic surgery. The perioperative mortality rate for redo elective aortic surgery ranges from 5% to 29% and increases to 70-100% in emergency situation. Endovascular treatment of the postaortic open surgery (PAOS) patient has fewer complications and a lower mortality rate in comparison with redo open surgical repair. Two cases of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) were managed with the conventional open surgical repair. Subsequently, spiral contrast computer tomography scans showed reperfusion of the AAA sac remnant mimicking a type III endoleak. These graft-related complications presented as vascular emergencies, and in both cases endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) procedure was performed successfully by aortouniiliac (AUI) stent graft and femorofemoral crossover bypass. These 2 patients add further merit to the cases reported in the English literature. This highlights the crucial importance of endovascular grafts in the management of such complex vascular problems.

  2. Acromegalia: diagnóstico y tratamiento

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    Olga Lidia Pereira Despaigne

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available La acromegalia es una enfermedad crónica multisistémica, de baja prevalencia, cuyo diagnóstico y tratamiento deben adecuarse a las realidades actuales. No obstante, continúa siendo una enfermedad subdiagnosticada, que evoluciona con una elevada tasa de mortalidad, generalmente por causas cardiovasculares y cerebrovasculares, lo cual reduce la esperanza de vida de la persona que la padece. En el presente artículo se describen las formas de presentación del hipersomatotropismo, los métodos de diagnóstico y las modalidades terapéuticas, que incluyen la quirúrgica, la farmacológica y la radioterapia

  3. Redo-EVAR After Surgical Repair in Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozok, ?ahin; Ozan Karaki?i, Sedat; Ergene, ?aban; Tufekçi, Nebiye; Ilhan, Gökhan; Karamustafa, Hakan

    2015-01-01

    Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is an adequate means for treating infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). However, secondary interventions are required in approximately 15% to 20% of patients. The aim of this paper was to report our knowledge with stent grafts in secondary interventions after EVAR in a 73-year-old patient. One of the exceptional complications of EVAR are endoleaks which may lead to expansion of aneurysm and rupture if not repaired. PMID:26702349

  4. Towards individualized follow-up protocols after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laturnus, Johanna; Oliveira, Nelson; Basto Gonçalves, Frederico; Schurink, Geert W; Verhagen, Hence; Jacobs, Michael J; Mees, Barend M

    2016-04-01

    Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has become the primary treatment option for elective abdominal aortic aneurysms. However, a significant number of patients require secondary interventions to maintain adequate aneurysm exclusion and ultimately prevent death from abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) rupture. To maintain success and offer timely secondary intervention, intensive image surveillance has been recommended. These rigorous surveillance regimens are costly and may have deleterious effects from radiation and contrast exposure. Improvements in patient selection, operative technique and devices have caused a decline in complications after EVAR. Therefore, there is a need to reduce surveillance after EVAR for patients at lower risk of complications and install individualized follow-up protocols. This review describes the current strategies for surveillance and clarification of risk factors and predictors for late complications and discusses proposed risk-adapted strategies for postoperative surveillance after EVAR. PMID:26745264

  5. Emergency endovascular aortic repair of a ruptured mycotic aorto-iliac aneurysm presenting with lumbar radiculopathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ting-Ying; Tsai, Chien-Sung; Tsai, Yi-Ting; Lin, Chih-Yuan; Lin, Yi-Chanag; Hsu, Po-Shun

    2014-01-01

    Ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm is life-threatening without immediate management. The initial clinical presentation is non-specific and impending rupture is easily missed, especially without a CT scan. We present a case of a 56-year-old man with low-back pain and left lower-extremity numbness, which was diagnosed as a herniated intervertebral disc (HIVD) with left acute sciatica syndrome. He also complained of persistent fever and abdominal discomfort. Routine blood work-up revealed leukocytosis and decreasing haemoglobin levels. CT angiography (CTA) showed impending rupture of the left aorto-iliac aneurysm. We therefore performed endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Blood culture revealed Salmonella enterica, for which he received antibiotics. No acute sciatica syndrome was present immediately after the EVAR. No EVAR-related complications were noted in the one-year CTA follow up. PMID:25000523

  6. Abdominal epilepsy in chronic recurrent abdominal pain

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    V Y Kshirsagar

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Abdominal epilepsy (AE is an uncommon cause for chronic recurrent abdominal pain in children and adults. It is characterized by paroxysmal episode of abdominal pain, diverse abdominal complaints, definite electroencephalogram (EEG abnormalities and favorable response to the introduction of anti-epileptic drugs (AED. We studied 150 children with chronic recurrent abdominal pain and after exclusion of more common etiologies for the presenting complaints; workup proceeded with an EEG. We found 111 (74% children with an abnormal EEG and 39 (26% children with normal EEG. All children were subjected to AED (Oxcarbazepine and 139 (92% children responded to AED out of which 111 (74% children had an abnormal EEG and 27 (18% had a normal EEG. On further follow-up the patients were symptom free, which helped us to confirm the clinical diagnosis. Context: Recurrent chronic abdominal pain is a common problem encountered by pediatricians. Variety of investigations are done to come to a diagnosis but a cause is rarely found. In such children diagnosis of AE should be considered and an EEG will confirm the diagnosis and treated with AED. Aims: To find the incidence of AE in children presenting with chronic recurrent abdominal pain and to correlate EEG findings and their clinical response to empirical AEDs in both cases and control. Settings and Design: Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences University, Karad, Maharashtra, India. Prospective analytical study. Materials and Methods: A total of 150 children with chronic recurrent abdominal pain were studied by investigations to rule out common causes of abdominal pain and an EEG. All children were then started with AED oxycarbamezepine and their response to the treatment was noted. Results: 111 (74% of the total 150 children showed a positive EEG change suggestive of epileptogenic activity and of which 75 (67.56% were females and 36 (32.43% were male, majority of children were in the age of group of 9-12 years. Temporal wave discharges were 39 (35.13% of the total abnormal EEG?s. All the children were started on AEDs and those with abnormal EEG showed 100% response to treatment while 27 (18% children with normal EEG also responded to treatment. Twelve (8% children did not have any improvement in symptoms. Conclusions: A diagnosis of AE must be considered in children with chronic recurrent abdominal pain, especially in those with suggestive history, and an EEG can save a child from lot of unnecessary investigations and suffering.

  7. Preservação das artérias hipogástricas com endoprótese ramificada no tratamento endovascular de aneurismas aorto-ilíacos The Zenith iliac bifurcation Device (IBD for preservation of the internal iliac arteries during endovascular repair of aortic-iliac aneurysms

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    Emanuel Dias

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: Os doentes com indicação para tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal (EVAR apresentam frequentemente artérias ilíacas comuns ectasiadas ou aneurismáticas, o que impossibilita a sua utilização como zona de encoragem distal da endoprótese. Em cerca de 15 a 30% dos casos pode existir necessidade de oclusão/embolização de uma ou de ambas as hipogástricas, com extensão da endoprótese para a artéria ilíaca externa. Isto tem sido associado a casos de claudicação glútea, isquémia intestinal, deficits neurológicos, e de disfunção vesical, intestinal e eréctil. O uso de endopróteses com ramo para a artéria hipogástrica apresenta-se como uma recente inovação que permite a preservação desta artéria e evitar estas complicações. Caso clínico: Homem de 63 anos, com antecedentes de cirurgia aórtica com interposição protésica aorto-aórtica em 2008 por aneurisma da aorta abdominal (AAA infra-renal, admitido para tratamento endovascular de aneurisma das artérias ilíaca comum e hipogástrica direitas, com 3,3 cm de maior diâmetro. O doente foi submetido a colocação por via femoral de endoprótese Zenith® ramificada para bifurcação ilíaca com preservação da artéria hipogástrica. Conclusões: A utilização de endopróteses ramificadas para a bifurcação ilíaca durante a correcção endovascular de aneurismas aorto-ilíacos para ser uma forma segura e pouco complexa de garantir a preservação das artérias hipogástricas e minimizar as complicações associadas à sua oclusão.Introduction: A significant portion of patients presenting for endovascular aneurysm repair of the abdominal aorta (EVAR have aneurysmatic or ectasied common iliac arteries, raising distal anchorage issues. In these cases, it may be necessary occlusion / embolization of one or both hipo gastric arteries with extension of the endoprothesis to the external iliac artery. This procedure has been associated to gluteal claudication, intestinal ischemia, vesical and intestinal disfunction, neurologic deficits and impotence. The use of branched endoprothesis with preservation of the hypgastric artery is a recente innovation to reduce such complications. Clinical case: A 63 year-old male, previously submitted to an open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm with an aorto-aortic prothesis, was admitted for endovascular treatment of an aneurysm of the right common and internal iliac arteries with 3,3cm. A Zenith® branched endoprothesis with a branch to the iliac bifurcation was deployed via right femoral access, thus assuring preservation of the hypogastric artery. Conclusion: Hypogastric preservation necessity during EVAR in aorto-iliac aneurysms may be achieved in a secure and simple way through the placement of endoprothesis to the iliac bifurcation.

  8. Uso de endoprótesis bifurcada ilíaca para revascularización hipogástrica durante tratamiento de aneurisma aorto-ilíaco Bifurcated iliac endograft in a patient with aortic-iliac aneurysm

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    RENATO MERTENS M

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Una anatomía desfavorable es un obstáculo a vencer con el tratamiento endovascular del aneurisma aorto-ilíaco. La presencia de aneurisma ilíaco bilateral es frecuente y amenaza la adecuada fijación distal de una endoprótesis. Esta condición puede ser manejada: a aumentando el diámetro del dispositivo a nivel ilíaco, con limitaciones en las medidas disponibles; b embolización hipogástrica bilateral, aceptando una morbimortalidad mayor; c combinando un abordaje quirúrgico retroperitoneal para revascularizar una arteria hipogástrica, aumentando el impacto del procedimiento; d mediante revascularización retrógrada unilateral desde la arteria ilíaca externa ipsilateral con otra endoprótesis. Recientemente se ha descrito el uso de endoprótesis ramificadas, que requieren un despliegue complejo, pero permiten revascularizar una o ambas arterias hipogástricas en forma anterógrada y estable. Reportamos el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino y 57 años, de alto riesgo para cirugía convencional, portador de un aneurisma pequeño de aorta abdominal y aneurismas ilíaco común bilateral e hipogástrico izquierdo. Fue tratado mediante despliegue de una endoprótesis bifurcada ilíaca, revascularizando la arteria hipogástrica derecha y embolizando la izquierda aneurismática, asociado a implante de una endoprótesis aórtica convencional, también bifurcada. El paciente evoluciona sin complicaciones, con claudicación glútea izquierda leve en disminución y preservación de su función sexual. Una tomografía axial computada demuestra exclusión efectiva de sus aneurismas. Esta nueva técnica permite tratar de manera segura a pacientes portadores de aneurisma ilíaco bilateral en forma endo-vascular, manteniendo perfusión de la circulación pelviana y disminuyendo el impacto de un procedimiento convencional en pacientes de alto riesgo.A difficult anatomy is the major challenge to overcome with abdominal aortic aneurysm endografting. Bilateral iliac aneurysm preventing an appropriate distal landing zone for an endograft is a common condition and can be managed by: a Increasing the diameter of the endograft, with limitations in available sizes; b bilateral hypogastric embolization, accepting an increased morbidity; c combining a surgical hypogastric revascularization by retroperitonel approach or d retrograde revascularization from the ipsilateral external iliac artery using an endograft. Recently, branched endografts have been designed to revascularize the hypo gastric artery. Their deployment is complex but allows antegrade and stable fl ow. We report a 57 year-old male, at high risk for an open procedure, who presented with a small aortic aneurysm, bilateral iliac and left hypogastric aneurysms. A right bifurcated iliac endograft was deployed, associated with left hypogastric aneurysm embolization and aortic endografting. The patient recovered event free, patency of the endograft and absence of endoleak was demonstrated on a CT scan. He presented minor left buttock claudication, sexual function was preserved. This new technique allows safe endovascular treatment of patients with bilateral iliac aneurysm, allowing preservation of pelvic perfusion and avoiding the risk of an open procedure in a high risk patient.

  9. Abdominal MRI in childhood

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    MRI provides diagnostic information in multiple abdominal diseases in childhood. Additional information to sonographic findings can be achieved in the diagnosis of abdominal malformation as well as in several inflammatory processes. In childhood cancer imaging MRI is essential at the beginning as well as during therapy to assess response to therapy. Because of radiation protection MRI has to replace CT in abdominal imaging in children. Some technical details have to be considered when children are examined. (orig.)

  10. Pneumatic compression for embolic protection during upper extremity endovascular intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cassar, Andrew; Barsness, Gregory W; Wysokinski, Waldemar E; Gifford, Shaun M; Bower, Thomas C; Edwards, William D; Gulati, Rajiv

    2014-01-01

    Embolic protection devices are occasionally employed during endovascular interventions to prevent complications caused by embolic debris. However, these devices have imperfect efficacy, confer risk of endovascular trauma, and are expensive. We report a patient with giant cell arteritis and symptomatic axillary artery stenosis, with a perceived elevated risk of distal embolization during endovascular intervention. We describe a straightforward embolic protection technique of brachial pressure cuff inflation during endovascular intervention and aspiration of displaced thrombotic material from the static column of blood. This novel, effective, and cost-free technique could also be employed in other vascular beds during endovascular intervention. PMID:24178727

  11. Lower respiratory tract infection and rapid expansion of an abdominal aortic aneurysm: a case report

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    Puppala Sapna

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction The rate of abdominal aortic aneurysm expansion is related to multiple factors. There is some evidence that inflammation can accelerate aneurysm expansion. However, the association between pulmonary sepsis and rapid abdominal aortic aneurysm expansion is rarely reported. Case presentation Here we present a case of a rapidly expanding abdominal aortic aneurysm in a 68-year-old Caucasian man with a concomitant lower respiratory tract infection and systemic sepsis requiring intensive monitoring and urgent endovascular intervention. Our patient had an uncomplicated post-operative recovery and a follow-up computed tomography scan at one month demonstrated no evidence of an endoleak. Conclusion This case highlights the potential association between pulmonary sepsis and rapid abdominal aortic aneurysm expansion. In such cases, a policy of frequent monitoring should be adopted to identify those patients requiring definitive management.

  12. Endovascular Aneurysm Repair: Current and Future Status

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Endovascular aneurysm repair has rapidly expanded since its introduction in the early 1990s. Early experiences were associated with high rates of complications including conversion to open repair. Perioperative morbidity and mortality results have improved but these concerns have been replaced by questions about long-term durability. Gradually, too, these problems have been addressed. Challenges of today include the ability to roll out the endovascular technique to patients with adverse aneurysm morphology. Fenestrated and branch stent-graft technology is in its infancy. Only now are we beginning to fully understand the advantages, limitations, and complications of such technology. This paper outlines some of the concepts and discusses the controversies and challenges facing clinicians involved in endovascular aneurysm surgery today and in the future

  13. Magnetic resonance imaging-guided endovascular interventions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Historically, the combination of relatively long imaging times and restricted patient access has made MRI-guided intervention an impractical technique. Recent developments in MR hardware, pulse sequence improvements that have allowed the development of rapid imaging, and the availability of instruments that can be used under MR guidance have helped to overcome many of the disadvantages of MRI. Parallel to the development of MRI, image-guided percutaneous and endovascular interventions are becoming increasingly complex and require progressively more sophisticated imaging techniques to guide and control such interventions. These initially parallel trends have converged in the last couple of years. The ability of MRI to provide both unprecedented morphology and functional information has created a growing interest in both percutaneous and endovascular MRI-guided interventions. The goal of this review is to describe the technical prerequisites for MR-guided endovascular interventions, to discuss experimental and clinical applications, and to explain safety aspects of this technique

  14. Endovascular treatment of very small intracranial aneurysms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Iskandar, A; Nepper-Rasmussen, J

    2011-01-01

    The endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms 3 mm or less is considered controversial. The purpose of this study is to report angiographic and clinical results following coiling of such aneurysms and compare them to those of larger aneurysms (> 3 mm).Between November 1999 and November 2009...... endovascular treatment was attempted in 956 consecutive intracranial aneurysms. Of 956 aneurysms, 111 aneurysms were very small aneurysms with a maximal diameter of 3 mm or less. We conducted a retrospective analysis of angiographic and clinical outcome following coiling of very small aneurysms and...... subsequently comparing it to the results of larger aneurysms.Coiling initially failed in eight aneurysms. In the remaining 103 aneurysms endovascular treatment was accomplished and immediate angiographic results showed complete aneurysm occlusion in 43 aneurysms, nearly complete aneurysm occlusion in 54...

  15. Endovascular treatment for intracranial venous sinus thrombosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and risk of endovascular treatment for intracranial venous sinus thrombosis. Methods: Twenty seven patients with intracranial venous sinus thrombosis confirmed by CT, MRI, MRV and/or DSA, from 2004 September to 2006 September, were treated with anticoagulant therapy but without response and then followed by multiple modalities including endovascular treatment. Nineteen of them accepted intravenous thrombolysis and mechanical thrombus maceration, another 5 accepted intravenous thrombolysis, mechanical thrombus maceration and intraarterial thrombolysis and the last 3 with stenting. Results: After thrombolysis, symptoms and signs of 23 patients improved obviously and headache disappeared in 18 of them, but with only mild degree in other 5 and no improvement in 3. Twenty one patients among them achieved recanalization of sinuses completely as confirmed on postprocedural angiography, MRI and MRV studies taken prior to hospital discharge and other 3 achieved recanalization of sinuses partly. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment is an effective and safe measure for potentially catastrophic intracranial dural sinus thrombosis. (authors)

  16. Emergency Endovascular Treatment of Sac Rupture for Type IIIa Endoleak in Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Previously Excluded with Endovascular Repair

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Elective endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic pathology has been applied in a variety of conditions. The complications of thoracic aortic stenting are also well recognized. Endoleak after endovascular repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms is the most frequent complication; among them, type III is the least frequent. Endovascular treatment of type III endoleak is generally performed under elective conditions; less frequently, in emergency. We report a successful emergency endovascular management of post-thoracic endovascular repair for thoracic aortic aneurysm rupture due to type IIIa endoleak.

  17. Embarazo ectópico abdominal / Abdominal ectopic pregnancy

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Pedro Antonio, Chirino Acosta; Ángel Miguel, Sarmiento Vitón; Miguel Alexis, González Linares; Amnerys, Cabrera Rumayor; Nuvia, Soto Paez.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El embarazo ectópico abdominal ocurre con escasa frecuencia. Se refiere al implante del embarazo en algunas de las estructuras de la cavidad abdominal, generalmente se asocia a una alta incidencia en la mortalidad materna y fetal; la mortalidad materna es siete veces mayor que en el embarazo tubáric [...] o y hasta 90 veces más que en el embarazo normal. El caso que a continuación se presenta es una paciente con antecedentes de salud previa, que asistió al Hospital Provincial de Bengo, municipio de Dande de la República Popular de Angola, en septiembre de 2013. Se le diagnosticó un embarazo a término con una deficiente atención prenatal. Se detectó perdida genital y ausencia de latidos cardiacos fetales. Se le comenzó la inducción del parto, y al no tener progreso, se realizó la cesaría hallándose un embarazo ectópico abdominal. Se realizó la extracción de un recién nacido a término muerto y gran parte de la placenta. Abstract in english Abdominal ectopic pregnancy is not frequent. It refers to the extrauterine implantation of pregnancy in some of the abdominal cavity structures, generally associated with a high incidence of maternal and fetal mortality; rates of maternal mortality have been reported as high as sevenfold higher than [...] in tubal pregnancy, and up to ninetyfold higher than normal pregnancy. This case report (September 2013) presents a patient with previous history, she attended to Bengo Provincial Hospital, Dandede municipality, People’s Angola Republic. The pregnancy was detected at term with poor prenatal care. Genital loss and absence of fetal heartbeats were observed. The Induction of labor was initiated, having not progress; a cesarean section was performed, finding an abdominal ectopic pregnancy. The removal of a stillborn at term and great part of the placenta was performed.

  18. [Use of diprivan in anesthesiology of angiographic studies and x-ray endovascular methods of treatment in children].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikhelson, V A; Poliaev, Iu A; Voskerchian, A E; Lazarev, V V

    1996-01-01

    Diprivan was a component of anesthesia for angiographic studies and x-ray endovascular treatment in 30 patients aged 4 months to 16 years. Patients with diseases of the head and neck (hemangiomas and arteriovenous dysplasias), thoracic and abdominal cavities and kidneys (portal hypertension, pancreatic cysts, developmental defects, renal injuries, etc.), and limbs (angiodysplasias, traumatic injuries to the vessels, developmental defects of the vessels, etc.) were examined. Use of various methods of examination, including mathematical analysis of cardiac rhythm, demonstrated the stability of anesthesia and negligible fluctuations in the principal hemodynamic parameters. Hence, diprivan is an effective and perspective agent which may be included in anesthesiological protocols for children undergoing angiographic diagnosis and x-ray endovascular treatment. PMID:9045570

  19. Abdominal Compartment Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ovchinnikov V.?.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available We considered one of the most complicated problems of surgery and intensive care — abdominal compartment syndrome. It is a severe, and in some cases lethal complication developing in major injuries and pathology of abdominal cavity and retroperitoneal space, as well as in extra-abdominal pathology. In addition, compartment syndrome can be the complication of a number of surgical procedures accompanied primarily by laparotomy wound closure with tissue tension. We demonstrated the classification of the complication taking into consideration the etiology, pathogenesis of intra-abdominal hypertension development, the significance of intra-abdominal pressure level, as well as its role in multi-organ failure development. We considered the methods of intra-abdominal pressure measurement, and the urinary pressure measurement using Unometer™Abdo-Pressure™ device turned out to be the most accurate, simple and safe. The preventive and treatment modalities of abdominal compartment syndrome were described. The monitoring of intra-abdominal pressure level in risk group patients, adequate infusion therapy, timely decompression (nasogastrointestinal intubation, decompressive laparotomy, and optimal respiratory support conditions are of primary importance.

  20. Development of Delirium in the Intensive Care Unit in Patients after Endovascular Aortic Repair: A Retrospective Evaluation of the Prevalence and Risk Factors

    OpenAIRE

    Yohei Kawatani; Yoshitsugu Nakamura; Yujiro Hayashi; Tetsuyoshi Taneichi; Yujiro Ito; Hirotsugu Kurobe; Yuji Suda; Takaki Hori

    2015-01-01

    Delirium is an acute form of nervous system dysfunction often observed in patients in the intensive care unit. Endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) is considered a minimally invasive surgical treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm. Although the operation method is widely used, there are few investigations of the rate and risk factors of delirium development after the operation. In this study, we retrospectively examined the rate of delirium development in the intensive care unit (ICU) after EVA...

  1. Successful treatment of type I endoleak of common iliac artery with balloon expandable stent (Palmaz XL stent) during endovascular aneurysm repair

    OpenAIRE

    Ahn, Jong Hyuk; Kim, Jang Yong; Jeon, Yong Sun; Cho, Soon Gu; Park, Jay K.; Lee, Ki Jong; Hong, Kee Chun

    2011-01-01

    Type 1 endoleak of common iliac artery (type Ib endoleak) should be treated during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). An 86-year-old female was diagnosed with abdominal aortic aneurysm measuring 6.6 cm in diameter and right internal iliac artery aneurysm measuring 4.0 cm in diameter. She underwent EVAR after right internal iliac artery embolization. There was type Ib endoleak, which was repaired by balloon-expandable stent, Palmaz XL stent (Cordis). We report successful treatment of type Ib...

  2. Manual de tratamiento de agua

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Parra, Jorge Arturo

    1981-01-01

    Este Manual de Tratamiento de Agua se ha hecho con la intención de ofrecer en forma conjunta una serie de principios y conocimientos sobre los diferentes procesos de tratamiento del agua, cuya descripción se hace no como operaciones unitarias sino siguiendo un orden práctico encaminado hacia el aspecto teórico y al diseño de las diferentes unidades que componen una planta de tratamiento para el acondicionamiento de las aguas utilizadas como fuente de abastecimiento

  3. Metallic zinc exhibits optimal biocompatibility for bioabsorbable endovascular stents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowen, Patrick K; Guillory, Roger J; Shearier, Emily R; Seitz, Jan-Marten; Drelich, Jaroslaw; Bocks, Martin; Zhao, Feng; Goldman, Jeremy

    2015-11-01

    Although corrosion resistant bare metal stents are considered generally effective, their permanent presence in a diseased artery is an increasingly recognized limitation due to the potential for long-term complications. We previously reported that metallic zinc exhibited an ideal biocorrosion rate within murine aortas, thus raising the possibility of zinc as a candidate base material for endovascular stenting applications. This study was undertaken to further assess the arterial biocompatibility of metallic zinc. Metallic zinc wires were punctured and advanced into the rat abdominal aorta lumen for up to 6.5months. This study demonstrated that metallic zinc did not provoke responses that often contribute to restenosis. Low cell densities and neointimal tissue thickness, along with tissue regeneration within the corroding implant, point to optimal biocompatibility of corroding zinc. Furthermore, the lack of progression in neointimal tissue thickness over 6.5months or the presence of smooth muscle cells near the zinc implant suggest that the products of zinc corrosion may suppress the activities of inflammatory and smooth muscle cells. PMID:26249616

  4. Endovascular Treatment of Chronic Mesenteric Ischemia: Results in 14 Patients

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We evaluated immediate and long-term results of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and stent placement to treat stenotic and occluded arteries in patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia. Fourteen patients were treated by 3 exclusive celiac artery (CA) PTAs (2 stentings), 3 cases with both Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA) and CA angioplasties, and 8 exclusive SMA angioplasties (3 stentings). Eleven patients had atheromatous stenoses with one case of an early onset atheroma in an HIV patient with antiphospholipid syndrome. The other etiologies of mesenteric arterial lesions were Takayashu arteritis (2 cases) and a postradiation stenoses (1 case). Technical success was achieved in all cases. Two major complications were observed: one hematoma and one false aneurysm occurring at the brachial puncture site (14.3%). An immediate clinical success was obtained in all patients. During a follow-up of 1-83 months (mean: 29 months), 11 patients were symptom free; 3 patients had recurrent pain; in one patient with inflammatory syndrome, pain relief was obtained with medical treatment; in 2 patients abdominal pain was due to restenosis 36 and 6 months after PTA, respectively. Restenosis was treated by PTA (postirradiation stenosis), and by surgical bypass (atheromatous stenosis). Percutaneous endovascular techniques are safe and accurate. They are an alternative to surgery in patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia due to short and proximal occlusive lesions of SMA and CA

  5. Endovascular Embolization of Spontaneous Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage Secondary to Anticoagulant Treatment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to report a single hospital's experience of endovascular treatment of patients with retroperitoneal hemorrhage (RPH) secondary to anticoagulant treatment. Ten consecutive patients treated in an intensive care unit and needing blood transfusions due to RPH secondary to anticoagulation were referred for digital subtraction angiography (DSA) to detect the bleeding site(s) and to evaluate the possibilities of treating them by transcatheter embolization. DSA revealed bleeding site(s) in all 10 patients: 1 lumbar artery in 4 patients, 1 branch of internal iliac artery in 3 patients and multiple bleeding sites in 3 patients. Embolization could be performed in 9 of them. Coils, gelatin and/or polyvinyl alcohol were used as embolic agents. Bleeding stopped or markedly decreased after embolization in 8 of the 9 (89%) patients. Four patients were operated on prior to embolization, but surgery failed to control the bleeding in any of these cases. Abdominal compartment syndrome requiring surgical or radiological intervention after embolization developed in 5 patients. One patient died, and 2 had sequelae due to RPH. All 7 patients whose bleeding stopped after embolization had a good clinical outcome. Embolization seems to be an effective and safe method to control the bleeding in patients with RPH secondary to anticoagulant treatment when conservative treatment is insufficient

  6. Multi-selective catheter for MR-guided endovascular interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clogenson, Helene C M; van Lith, Joris Y; Dankelman, Jenny; Melzer, Andreas; van den Dobbelsteen, John J

    2015-07-01

    Selective catheters have predefined distal shapes and need to be exchanged to change tip geometry to facilitate selective catheterization of vascular side branches. These repeated insertions increase the risk of endovascular injury and radiation dose in conventional catheterization laboratories. The aim of this study is to develop a multi-selective catheter that can replace three conventional selective catheters that are commonly used sequentially in a single procedure. By integrating the different shapes in one instrument, it is possible to avoid the required time-consuming exchange. This new instrument is also made compatible with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) guidance, which, unlike X-ray, presents variable soft tissue contrast without the use of ionizing radiation. A 1.2 m long and 2.15 mm diameter deflectable polymer-based catheter was assembled and three widely used selective catheters could be mimicked. The instrument was visible on the images without producing unwanted artifacts in an abdominal model and in an animal under real-time MRI guidance. Simple navigation tasks were performed together with a 0.035 in. MRI-safe guidewire. In these tasks, the iliac, renal, brachiocephalic, and left subclavian arteries were cannulated only by using the shape setting and without exchange of the instruments. PMID:25937614

  7. ENDOMETRIOSIS DE LA PARED ABDOMINAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Carvajal M

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Antecedentes: La presencia de endometriosis de la pared abdominal (EPA suele confundirse con otras patologías médico-quirúrgicas que aparecen en la misma zona. Objetivo: Evaluar las características clínicas de la EPA. Método: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo de todas las pacientes hospitalizadas con el diagnóstico histopatológico de EPA entre enero de 1997 y diciembre de 2005. Resultados: Se encontraron 14 pacientes, con edad promedio de 33,2 años. Los principales síntomas fueron: dolor cíclico (71,4%, masa abdominal (100%, dispareunia (21,4% y dismenorrea (42,8%. Todas la pacientes tuvieron al menos una cirugía ginecológica (2 con procedimientos laparoscópicos u obstétrica (85,7% cesárea. Sólo una paciente se había diagnosticado previamente de endometriosis. Los síntomas comenzaron en promedio 3,5 años posteriores a la última cirugía. Las EPA tenían un tamaño promedio de 3,2 cm. El diagnóstico pre-operatorio fue correcto en el 64,3% de las pacientes. Los diagnósticos incorrectos correspondieron a 3 granulomas, una hernia inguinal y un lipoma. Todas las pacientes requirieron cirugía y en el 64,3% fue necesario la utilización de mallas polytetrafluoethyleno. Cuatro pacientes (28,5% presentaron recurrencias. 60% de los diagnósticos iniciales incorrectos v/s 11,1% de los acertados recurrieron. Conclusiones: La EPA puede encontrarse en cicatrices tanto ginecológicas como obstétricas. Los síntomas comunes son masas con dolor cíclico. La ecografía de pared abdominal fue suficiente para enfrentar el diagnóstico diferencial. El diagnóstico pre-operatorio es importante para planificar la cirugía porque redujo las recurrencias. El tratamiento de elección es la cirugía con resección amplia de los bordesBackground: The presence of abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE used to be confused with other surgical pathologies that may appear in these zones. Objective: To evaluate the AWE clinical characteristics. Method: Retrospective study of all the patients hospitalized with the histopathologycal diagnosis of AWE, between January 1997 and December 2005. Results: There was found AWE only in 14 patients. Their mean age was 33.2 years old. The symptoms were: cyclic pain (71.4%, abdominal wall mass (100%, dyspareunia (21.4% and dysmenorrhea (42.8%. All patients had at least one gynecologic (2 patients with laparoscopic procedures or obstetric surgery (85.7% had previous cesarean section. Only one patient had previously been diagnosed with pelvic endometriosis. Their symptoms started after an average of 3.5 years after surgery. The AWE had a mean size of 3.2 cm. The preoperative diagnosis was correct in 64.3%. The incorrect preoperative diagnoses were 3 granuloma, 1 inguinal hernia and 1 lipoma. All patients required surgery. 64.3% of the patients it was necessary a polytetrafluoethylene mesh. Four patients (28.5% had AWE recurrences. 60% of the wrong initial diagnosis recurred versus 11.1% of the correct ones. Conclusion: AWE may be present in gynecologic or obstetric scars. Their common symptoms are masses with cyclic pain. Ultrasonography is enough to approach the differential diagnosis. The correct preoperative diagnosis is important to plan surgery and reduce recurrences. The surgical wide excision is the preferable treatment. Establishing clear endometriosis limits reduce the recurrences

  8. Endovascular treatment of hemodialysis arteriovenous fistulas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heerwagen, Søren T; Hansen, Marc A; Schroeder, Torben V; Ladefoged, Søren D; Lönn, Lars

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate if the immediate hemodynamic outcome of an endovascular intervention on a dysfunctional hemodialysis arteriovenous fistula is a prognostic factor for primary patency. Methods: This was a prospective observational study including 61 consecutive...

  9. Endovascular management of carotid-cavernous fistulas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate endovascular treatment of traumatic direct carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCF) and their complications such as pseudoaneurysms. Methods: Over a five-year period, 22 patients with traumatic direct CCFs were treated endovascularly in our institution. Thirteen patients were treated once with the result of CCF occluded, 8 twice and 1 three times. Treatment modalities included balloon occlusion of the CCF, sacrifice of the ipsilateral internal carotid artery with detachable balloon, coil embolization of the cavernous sinus and secondary pseudoaneurysms, and covered-stent management of the pseudoaneurysms. Results: All the direct CCFs were successfully managed endovascularly. Four patients developed a pseudoaneurysm after the occlusion of the CCF with an incidence of pseudoaneurysm formation of 18.2% (4/22). A total number of 8 patients experienced permanent occlusion of the ICA with a rate of ICA occlusion reaching 36.4% (8/22). Followed up through telephone consultation from 6 months to 5 years, all did well with no recurrence of CCF symptoms and signs. Conclusion: Traumatic direct CCFs can be successfully managed with endovascular means. The pseudoaneurysms secondary to the occlusion of the CCFs can be occluded with stent-assisted coiling and implantation of covered stents. (authors)

  10. Endovascular treatment of ruptured splenic artery aneurysm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerring, Ole Steen

    2008-01-01

    Splenic artery aneurysms (SAA) are traditionally treated surgically, but endovascular techniques are becoming increasingly popular. A 64 year-old male with chest pain and low blood pressure was admitted under suspicion of AMI. A CT scan showed a 56 mm SAA with signs of rupture. The patient was...

  11. Endovascular treatment of symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SyedIHussain

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic disease (ICAD is responsible for approximately 10% of all ischemic strokes in the United States. The risk of recurrent stroke may be as high as 35% in patient with critical stenosis greater than 70% in diameter narrowing. Recent advances in medical and endovascular therapy have placed ICAD at the forefront of clinical stroke research to optimize the best medical and endovascular approach to treat this important underlying stroke etiology. Analysis of symptomatic ICAD studies lead to the question that whether angioplasty and or stenting is a safe, suitable and efficacious therapeutic strategy in patients with critical stenoses that are deemed refractory to medical management. Most of the currently available data in support of angioplasty and or stenting in high risk patients with severe symptomatic ICAD is in the form of case series and randomized trial results of endovascular therapy versus medical treatment are awaited. This is a comprehensive review of the state of the art in the endovascular approach with angioplasty and or stenting of symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic disease.

  12. Abdominal tuberculosis: Imaging features

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiological findings of abdominal tuberculosis can mimic those of many different diseases. A high level of suspicion is required, especially in high-risk population. In this article, we will describe barium studies, ultrasound (US) and computed tomography (CT) findings of abdominal tuberculosis (TB), with emphasis in the latest. We will illustrate CT findings that can help in the diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis and describe imaging features that differentiate it from other inflammatory and neoplastic diseases, particularly lymphoma and Crohn's disease. As tuberculosis can affect any organ in the abdomen, emphasis is placed to ileocecal involvement, lymphadenopathy, peritonitis and solid organ disease (liver, spleen and pancreas). A positive culture or hystologic analysis of biopsy is still required in many patients for definitive diagnosis. Learning objectives:1.To review the relevant pathophysiology of abdominal tuberculosis. 2.Illustrate CT findings that can help in the diagnosis

  13. Abdominal aortic aneurysm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aneurysm - aortic; AAA ... pressure Male gender Genetic factors An abdominal aortic aneurysm is most often seen in males over age ... one or more risk factors. The larger the aneurysm, the more likely it is to break open. ...

  14. Abdominal tuberculosis: Imaging features

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pereira, Jose M. [Department of Radiology, Hospital de S. Joao, Porto (Portugal)]. E-mail: jmpjesus@yahoo.com; Madureira, Antonio J. [Department of Radiology, Hospital de S. Joao, Porto (Portugal); Vieira, Alberto [Department of Radiology, Hospital de S. Joao, Porto (Portugal); Ramos, Isabel [Department of Radiology, Hospital de S. Joao, Porto (Portugal)

    2005-08-01

    Radiological findings of abdominal tuberculosis can mimic those of many different diseases. A high level of suspicion is required, especially in high-risk population. In this article, we will describe barium studies, ultrasound (US) and computed tomography (CT) findings of abdominal tuberculosis (TB), with emphasis in the latest. We will illustrate CT findings that can help in the diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis and describe imaging features that differentiate it from other inflammatory and neoplastic diseases, particularly lymphoma and Crohn's disease. As tuberculosis can affect any organ in the abdomen, emphasis is placed to ileocecal involvement, lymphadenopathy, peritonitis and solid organ disease (liver, spleen and pancreas). A positive culture or hystologic analysis of biopsy is still required in many patients for definitive diagnosis. Learning objectives:1.To review the relevant pathophysiology of abdominal tuberculosis. 2.Illustrate CT findings that can help in the diagnosis.

  15. Abdominal CT scan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Computed tomography scan - abdomen; CT scan - abdomen; CAT scan - abdomen; CT abdomen and pelvis ... An abdominal CT scan makes detailed pictures of the structures inside your belly (abdomen) very quickly. This test may be used to ...

  16. Abdominal ultrasound (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdominal ultrasound is a scanning technique used to image the interior of the abdomen. Like the X-ray, MRI, ... it has its place as a diagnostic tool. Ultrasound scans use high frequency sound waves to produce ...

  17. Impairment of erectile function after elective repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majd, P; Ahmad, W; Luebke, Th; Gawenda, M; Brunkwall, J

    2016-02-01

    The purpose of the present study was to compare the functional change of erectile dysfunction after endovascular repair (EVAR) and open repair (OR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm.Between April 2009 and December 2011, male patients admitted for elective treatment of an asymptomatic infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm were included. The erectile function was evaluated by using a validated KEED questionnaire. All patients filled out the questionnaire preoperatively and postoperatively after one year.The number of patients with an increase of erectile dysfunction was 8 (26.6%) to 16 (53.3%) in open repair group vs. 30 (42.6%) to 40 (58.8%) in endovascular aneurysm repair. There was no statistically significant difference between open repair and endovascular aneurysm repair groups in order of new incidence of erectile dysfunction (p?=?0.412). The study showed an increase in the mean value of Erectile Dysfunction -Score postoperatively in both the groups as well.The present study showed an increase of erectile dysfunction postoperatively, but the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant. PMID:25761855

  18. The endovascular treatment of brain arteriovenous malformations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valavanis, A; Ya?argil, M G

    1998-01-01

    Advances in superselective microcatheterization techniques, which took place in the past decade, established superselective endovascular exploration as an integral and indispensable tool in the pretherapeutic evaluation of brain AVMs. The strict and routine application of superselective angiography furthered our knowledge on the angioarchitecture of brain AVMs, including vascular composition of the nidus, types of feeding arteries and types and patterns of venous drainage. In addition, various types of weak angioarchitectural elements, such as flow-related aneurysms, intranidal vascular cavities and varix formation proximal to high-grade stenosis of draining veins, could be identified as factors predisposing for AVM rupture. A wide spectrum of secondary angiomorphological changes induced by the arteriovenous shunt of the nidus and occurring up- and downstream of the nidus have been identified as manifestations of high-flow angiopathy. These data help to better predict the natural history, understand the widely variable clinical presentation and to define therapeutic targets of brain AVMs. Correlation of the topography of the AVM as demonstrated by MR with the angioarchitecture as demonstrated by superselective angiography provided a system for topographic-vascular classification of brain AVMs, which proved very useful for patient selection and definition of therapeutic goals. This study showed, that 40% of patients with brain AVMs can be cured by embolization alone with a severe morbidity of 1.3% and a mortality of 1.3%. Part of theses patients can, however, be cured equally effective by microsurgery or radiosurgery. Which modality will be chosen for a particular patient will mainly depend on the locally available expertise and experience, but also on the preference of the patient following its comprehensive information about the chances for cure and the risks associated with each of these therapeutic modalities. Embolization has a significant role in the multimodality treatment of brain AVMs, by either enabling or facilitating subsequent microsurgical or radiosurgical treatment. Appropriately targeted embolization in otherwise untreatable AVMs represents a reasonable form of palliative treatment of either ameliorating the clinical condition of the patient or reducing the potential risk of hemorrhage. Regarding the practical aspects of the endovascular treatment the following conclusions could be drawn from the experience obtained with this series of 387 patients with a brain AVM: (1) The goal of endovascular treatment should be defined prior to the procedure. This does not preclude a change in the goal, if additional information obtained during the procedure make this necessary. (2) The result of endovascular treatment of a brain AVM in terms of the degree of obliteration achieved and complication rate depends mainly on the endovascular strategy developed and the technique applied. These depend on the specific angioarchitecture and topography of the individual AVM, on the past history and clinical presentation of the patient and on the predefined goal of embolization. The strategy should include the definition of embolization targets, the selection of the most appropriate approach for endovascular navigation, the determination of the sequence of catheterization of individual feeding arteries, the selection of the type of catheters and microcatheters, the selection of the appropriate embolic materials as well as the site and mode of their delivery. Thereafter, every endovascular move should be, as in a chess game, the result of a logical plan. (3) Atraumatic superselective microcatheterization is a key point in the endovascular treatment of brain AVMs. It requires manual skills, knowledge of anatomy and respect for the vascular wall. (4) All locations of brain AVMs should be regarded as eloquent, and no distinction should be made between eloquent and non-eloquent areas of the brain when deciding on the execution of embolizatio PMID:10050213

  19. Endovascular revascularization for aortoiliac atherosclerotic disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aggarwal V

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Vikas Aggarwal,1 Stephen W Waldo,2,3 Ehrin J Armstrong2,3 1Prairie Heart Institute, St John's Hospital, Springfield, IL, 2Section of Cardiology, Denver Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 3Section of Cardiology, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO, USA Abstract: Atherosclerotic iliac artery disease is increasingly being treated with endovascular techniques. A number of new stent technologies can be utilized with high long-term patency, including self-expanding stents, balloon-expandable stents, and covered stents, but comparative data on these stent types and in more complex lesions are lacking. This article provides a review of currently available iliac stent technologies, as well as complex procedural aspects of iliac artery interventions, including approaches to the treatment of iliac bifurcation disease, long segment occlusions, choice of stent type, and treatment of iliac artery in-stent restenosis. Keywords: peripheral artery disease, iliac artery, balloon expandable stent, self expanding stent, covered stent, claudication, endovascular

  20. Endovascular Embolization of Head and Neck Tumors

    OpenAIRE

    MarcALazzaro

    2011-01-01

    Endovascular tumor embolization as adjunctive therapy for head and neck cancers is evolving and has become an important part of the tools available for their treatment. Careful study of tumor vascular anatomy and adhering to general principles of intra-arterial therapy can prove this approach to be effective and safe. Various embolic materials are available and can be suited for a given tumor and its vascular supply. This article aims to summarize current methods and agents used in endovas...

  1. Endovascular revascularization for aortoiliac atherosclerotic disease

    OpenAIRE

    Aggarwal V; Waldo SW; Armstrong EJ

    2016-01-01

    Vikas Aggarwal,1 Stephen W Waldo,2,3 Ehrin J Armstrong2,3 1Prairie Heart Institute, St John's Hospital, Springfield, IL, 2Section of Cardiology, Denver Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 3Section of Cardiology, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO, USA Abstract: Atherosclerotic iliac artery disease is increasingly being treated with endovascular techniques. A number of new stent technologies can be utilized with high long-term patency, including self-expanding stents, balloon-expandable sten...

  2. Biomechanical Issues in Endovascular Device Design

    OpenAIRE

    James E. Moore

    2009-01-01

    The biomechanical nature of the arterial system and its major disease states provides a series of challenges to treatment strategies. Endovascular device design objectives have mostly centered on short-term challenges, such as deployability and immediate restoration of reliable flow channels. The resulting design features may be at odds with long-term clinical success. In-stent restenosis, endoleaks, and loss of device structural integrity (e.g., strut fractures) are all manifestations of a l...

  3. Complications of endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Orrù, Emanuele, E-mail: surgeon.ema@gmail.com [Neuroradiology Department, Padua University Hospital, Via Giustiniani 2, Padua 35128 (Italy); Roccatagliata, Luca, E-mail: lroccatagliata@neurologia.unige.it [Neuroradiology Department, IRCCS San Martino University Hospital and IST, Largo Rosanna Benzi 10, Genoa 16132 (Italy); Department of Health Sciences (DISSAL), University of Genoa (Italy); Cester, Giacomo, E-mail: giacomo.cester@sanita.padova.it [Neuroradiology Department, Padua University Hospital, Via Giustiniani 2, Padua 35128 (Italy); Causin, Francesco, E-mail: francesco.causin@sanita.padova.it [Neuroradiology Department, Padua University Hospital, Via Giustiniani 2, Padua 35128 (Italy); Castellan, Lucio, E-mail: lucio.castellan@hsanmartino.it [Neuroradiology Department, IRCCS San Martino University Hospital and IST, Largo Rosanna Benzi 10, Genoa 16132 (Italy)

    2013-10-01

    The number of neuroendovascular treatments of both ruptured and unruptured aneurysms has increased substantially in the last two decades. Complications of endovascular treatments of cerebral aneurysms are rare but can potentially lead to acute worsening of the neurological status, to new neurological deficits or death. Some of the possible complications, such as vascular access site complications or systemic side effects associated with contrast medium (e.g. contrast medium allergy, contrast induced nephropathy) can also be encountered in diagnostic angiography. The most common complications of endovascular treatment of cerebral aneurysms are related to acute thromboembolic events and perforation of the aneurysm. Overall, the reported rate of thromboembolic complications ranges between 4.7% and 12.5% while the rate of intraprocedural rupture of cerebral aneurysms is about 0.7% in patients with unruptured aneurysms and about 4.1% in patients with previously ruptured aneurysms. Thromboembolic and hemorrhagic complications may occur during different phases of endovascular procedures and are related to different technical, clinical and anatomic reasons. A thorough knowledge of the different aspects of these complications can reduce the risk of their occurrence and minimize their clinical sequelae. A deep understanding of complications and of their management is thus part of the best standard of care.

  4. Techniques for aortic arch endovascular repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    kHONGKU, Kiattisak; Dias, Nuno; Sonesson, Bjorn; Resch, Timothy

    2016-06-01

    This article reviews endovascular strategies for aortic arch repair. Open repair remains the gold standard particularly for good risk patients. Endovascular treatment potentially offers a less invasive repair. Principles, technical considerations, devices and outcomes of each technique are discussed and summarized. Hybrid repair combines less invasive revascularization options, instead of arch replacement while extending stent-graft into the arch. Outcomes vary with regard to extent of repair and aortic arch pathologies treated. Results of arch chimney and other parallel graft techniques perhaps make it a less preferable choice for elective cases. However, they are very appealing options for urgent or bailout situations. Fenestrated stent-grafting is subjected to many technical challenges in aortic arch due to difficulties in stent-graft orientation and fenestration positioning. In situ fenestration techniques emerge to avoid these problems, but durability of stent-grafts after fenestration and ischemic consequences of temporary carotid arteries coverage raises some concern total arch repair using this technique. Arch branched graft is a new technology. Early outcomes did not meet the expectation; however the results have been improving after its learning curve period. Refining stent-graft technologies and implantation techniques positively impact outcomes of endovascular approaches. PMID:26940011

  5. Endovascular therapy for symptomatic intracranial artery stenosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To study the safety and efficacy of endovascular therapy in the treatment of symptomatic intracranial artery stenosis. Methods: The transluminal stent-assisted angioplasty (n=16) or angioplasty (n=3) was performed in 19 patients with symptomatic intracranial artery stenosis. Results: In all patients, Mori type A, B and C lesions were detected in 12, 5 and 2 cases respectively, and the stenotic sites in MCA, ACA, intracranial ICA and intracranial VBA were found in 11, 1, 1 and six respectively. After successful endovascular therapy, the degree of stenosis was significantly improved from 82.9% to 8.0% (P<0.01). There were no serious complications during the peri-procedural period, except one who had Mori type C stenosis of left middle cerebral artery trunk and got complication in SHA 2 hours after successful stent-assisted angioplasty and died 36 hours later. Within mean follow-up of 3.7 months (ranged from 1 month to 9 months), there were no episodes of ischemic neurological events in 18 survivors. Conclusions: Endovascular therapy is effective and feasible for the treatment of symptomatic intracranial artery stenosis. Mori type C lesion should be considered as the contraindication of angioplasty. Larger number of studies are still warranted

  6. Endovascular treatment of intracranial venous sinus thrombosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of endovascular treatment for intracranial venous sinus thrombosis. Methods: Ten patients with intracranial venous sinus thrombosis, confirmed by CT, MRI, MRV and / or DSA and encountered during the period of Aug. 2005-Aug. 2007, were treated with endovascular management after they failed to respond to anticoagulant therapy. Of ten patients, intravenous thrombolysis and mechanical thrombus maceration were carried out in 6, while intravenous thrombolysis, mechanical thrombus maceration together with intra-arterial thrombolysis were employed in 4. After the treatment, the anticoagulant therapy continued for 6 months. The patients were followed up for 12-29 months (mean 21 months). Results: After the treatment, the clinical symptoms and signs were completely or partially relieved in eight patients, including disappearance of headache (n=6) and relive of headache (n=2). No obvious improvement was found in one patient and linguistic function disturbance was seen in the remaining one. Lumbar puncture showed that the cerebrospinal fluid pressure returned to normal in all patients. Neither recurrence of thrombosis nor new symptom of neuralgic dysfunction was observed. No procedure-related intracranial or systemic hemorrhagic complications occurred both during and after the operation. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment is an effective and safe procedure for the potentially catastrophic intracranial venous thrombosis. (authors)

  7. The effect of endoleak on intra-aneurysmal pressure after EVE for abdominal aortic aneurysm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the intra-aneurysmal pressure curve in the presence of endoleak after endovascular exclusion (EVE) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Methods: Infrarenal aortic aneurysms were created with bovine jugular vein segments or patches. Then they were underwent incomplete endovascular exclusion of the aneurysm and formation of endoleaks. The pressures of blood flow outside the graft into the sac were measured. Results: The intrasac pressure was higher than systemic pressure in the presence of endoleak. After sealing the endoleak, pressure decreased significantly, and the pressure cure showed approximately linear. Conclusion: The change of intra-aneurysmal pressure curve reflected the load on aneurysmal wall after EVE, and can also help to determine the endoleak existence

  8. Abdominal ultrasound in AIDS

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To present the abdominal abnormalities disclosed by ultrasound studies performed in AIDS patients, discussing the importance of these findings in the diagnosis of diseases associated with this syndrome. Over the course of four years, we examined 250 AIDS patients (175 males and 75 females with a mean age of 30 years). We have evaluated the signs that are nonspecific as well as those that are related to AIDS. The nonspecific signs consisted of hepatomegaly (79,2%), fatty infiltration (16%), gallbladder wall thickening (12%), splenomegaly (54,4%), ascites (9.2%), lymph node enlargement 1.5 cm (12.5%), liver nodules (3.6%), visceral microcalcifications (0.8%) and renal masses (0.8%). Ultrasound is useful in the initial study of abdominal pathology associated or not associated with AIDS. In some patients with treatable diseases (tuberculosis, abdominal lymphoma), this techniques was also of value in the assessment of the response to treatment. (Author) 15 refs

  9. Childhood abdominal cystic lymphangioma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Konen, Osnat; Rathaus, Valeria; Shapiro, Myra [Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Meir General Hospital, Sapir Medical Centre, Kfar Saba (Israel); Dlugy, Elena [Department of Paediatric Surgery, Schneider Medical Centre, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University (Israel); Freud, Enrique [Department of Paediatric Surgery, Sapir Medical Centre, Sackler School of Medicine, Tel-Aviv University (Israel); Kessler, Ada [Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Sourasky Medical Centre, Tel-Aviv (Israel); Horev, Gadi [Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Schneider Medical Centre, Tel-Aviv (Israel)

    2002-02-01

    Background: Abdominal lymphangioma is a rare benign congenital malformation of the mesenteric and/or retroperitoneal lymphatics. Clinical presentation is variable and may be misleading; therefore, complex imaging studies are necessary in the evaluation of this condition. US and CT have a major role in the correct preoperative diagnosis and provide important information regarding location, size, adjacent organ involvement, and expected complications. Objective: To evaluate the clinical and imaging findings of seven children with proven abdominal cystic lymphangioma. Materials and methods: Clinical and imaging files of seven children with pathologically proven abdominal lymphangioma, from three university hospitals, were retrospectively evaluated. Patient's ages ranged from 1 day to 6 years (mean, 2.2 years). Symptoms and signs included evidence of inflammation, abnormal prenatal US findings, chronic abdominal pain, haemorrhage following trauma, clinical signs of intestinal obstruction, and abdominal distension with lower extremities lymphoedema. Plain films of five patients, US of six patients and CT of five patients were reviewed. Sequential imaging examinations were available in two cases. Results: Abdominal plain films showed displacement of bowel loops by a soft tissue mass in five of six patients, two of them with dilatation of small bowel loops. US revealed an abdominal multiloculated septated cystic mass in five of six cases and a single pelvic cyst in one which changed in appearance over 2 months. Ascites was present in three cases. CT demonstrated a septated cystic mass of variable sizes in all available five cases. Sequential US and CT examinations in two patients showed progressive enlargement of the masses, increase of fluid echogenicity, and thickening of walls or septa in both cases, with multiplication of septa in one case. At surgery, mesenteric lymphangioma was found in five patients and retroperitoneal lymphangioma in the other two. Conclusions: US and CT are highly sensitive in the diagnosis of abdominal lymphangioma. Our limited experience with follow-up examinations in two patients suggests that progressive enlargement, multiplication and thickening of septa and increased echogenicity of the cystic fluid are signs indicating complications demanding urgent treatment. (orig.)

  10. Dolor abdominal recurrente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo De Vivero

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Recurrent abdominal pain, is a common pediatric problem encountered by primary care physicians, medical subspecialists and surgical specialists. Chronic abdominal pain in children is usually functional-that is, without objective evidence of an underlying organic disorder. The presence of weight loss, gastrointestinal bleeding, persistent fever, chronic severe diarrhea and significant vomiting is associated with a higher prevalence of organic disease. In this article, it examined the diagnostic and therapeutic value of a medical and psychologic history, diagnostic tests, and pharmacological and behavioral therapy.

  11. Endovascular management of unruptured intracranial aneurysms: does outcome justify treatment?

    OpenAIRE

    Goddard, A; Annesley-Williams, D; Gholkar, A.

    2002-01-01

    Objective: The appropriate management of unruptured intracranial aneurysms depends on a complete understanding of their natural history and on the risks and efficacy of treatment options. There is little current data on the risks of endovascular therapy for these aneurysms. The aim of this study was to assess outcome of endovascular treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms.

  12. Endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke: current indications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yoo, Albert J; Chaudhry, Zeshan A; Leslie-Mazwi, Thabele M; Chandra, Ronil V; Hirsch, Joshua A; González, Ramon Gilberto; Simonsen, Claus Z

    2012-01-01

    Endovascular stroke therapy is an effective means of achieving reperfusion in stroke patients with proximal cerebral artery occlusions. However, current guideline recommendations express uncertainty regarding the clinical efficacy of catheter-based treatments, given the lack of supportive trial...... outcomes, and which may be used to guide endovascular treatment decisions. Anterior circulation strokes represent the primary focus of this review....

  13. Vascular Rupture Caused by a Molding Balloon during Endovascular Aneurysm Repair: Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Hee Young; Do, Young Soo; Park, Hong Suk; Park, Kwang Bo [Dept. of Radiology, Samsugn Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young Wook; Kim, Dong Ik [Dept. of Surgery, Samsugn Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-08-15

    Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been accepted as an alternative to traditional open surgery in selected patients. Despite the minimally invasiveness of this treatment, several complications may occur during or after EVAR. Complications include endoleak, aortic dissection, distal embolism, or iatrogenic injury to the access artery. However, there are few reports on the vascular rupture caused by a molding balloon during EVAR. We report two cases of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms complicated by procedure-related aortic or iliac artery rupture by the molding balloon during EVAR. In our cases, we observed suddenly abrupt increase of the diameter of the endograft during balloon inflation, because we inflated the balloon rapidly. In conclusion, careful attention must be paid during inflation of the molding balloon to prevent vascular rupture.

  14. Endoluminal repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms -- state of the art

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper considers the historical aspects of endovascular aneursym repair; the major findings of our Departments experience over an 8((1)/(2))-year period and reviews recent developments in endovascular prostheses. Analysis of 400 patients undergoing primary repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm between 1992 and 2000 revealed a perioperative mortality rate of 2.7% and primary conversion rate of 5%. With sequential studies it was shown that the outcome was better with bifurcated/aorto uni iliac grafts than tube grafts; better with second generation prostheses than first generation protheses and that survival in consecutive patients treated concurrently by open repair and endoluminal repair was superior in the endoluminal group. Endoluminal AAA repair is at a critical point of its development. It is unquestioned that it can dramatically reduce the need for intensive care and length of hospital stay and more recently it has been reported that survival is improved compared with open repair. The need for lifetime surveillance, the probability of graft failure and need for re-intervention, however, negate some of the advantages. The small incidence of unpredictable rupture following endoluminal AAA repair is a timely reminder of the need for continued careful follow-up

  15. Innovations in treating aortic diseases: the abdominal aorta.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subramaniam, Balachundar; Singh, Nina; Roscher, Christopher; Augoustides, John G T

    2012-10-01

    Patients with an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) could benefit from earlier diagnosis to improve long-term outcomes. Candidate serum biomarkers for earlier AAA diagnosis include D-dimer, fibrinogen, low-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein, lipoprotein(a), and the proteolytic enzymes known as matrix metalloproteinases. Furthermore, biomarkers such as brain natriuretic peptide significantly stratify perioperative risk in AAA repair. Statins significantly improve outcomes after AAA repair. They may also significantly slow AAA growth to allow pharmacologic arrest of AAA development. Recent trials have focused attention on fluid management for AAA repair. Although restrictive fluid management may significantly improve clinical outcomes, current evidence does not clearly support crystalloid or colloid for AAA repair. There may be an increased risk of renal dysfunction associated with hetastarch therapy. Endovascular repair has revolutionized the clinical management of AAAs. Recent trials have shown its significant outcome advantages. Furthermore, it is also applicable in high-risk operative cohorts and, in the future, may be suited for earlier AAA repair. This technology continues to advance with the development of branched and fenestrated grafts as well as total percutaneous endovascular AAA repair. Regardless of these advances, the clinical management of endoleaks will remain a major clinical focus. Taken together, these advances in the management of AAAs likely will significantly influence future clinical approaches to this challenging patient cohort. PMID:21216624

  16. Endovascular and surgical management of carotid artery restenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radak ?.J.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The incidence of recurrent carotid stenosis after primary endarterectomy ranges from 10-34%. We presented our four year experience and comparing reoperation versus endovascular treatment. Methods. In period from 2001 to 2005, 50 patients, 37 men and 13 women, were treated surgically and endovascular due to restenosis. Results. There were no minor or major stroke, death and myocardial infarction periprocedural and in first 30 days in either group. In endovascular group one patients 3,17% had transient ischemic attack and two patients 11,76% in surgical group. One patient died from myocardial infraction in follow up in surgical group. There were no restenosis >50% in endovascular group, two patients have restenosis >50% in surgical group. Conclusions. Endovascular treatment of carotid artery restenosis represents a safe and efficient way of treatment, connected with minor number of serious complications than redo operation.

  17. Vestibular system paresis due to emergency endovascular catheterization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simoceli, Lucinda

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The objective of this story of case is to describe an uncommon cause of associated peripheral Vestibulopathy to the unilateral auditory loss in aged patient after catheterization of urgency. Story of case: Patient of the masculine sort, 82 years, submitted to the correction of abdominal ragged aneurism of aorta, in the intra-operative suffered heart attack acute from the myocardium needing primary angioplasty. High after hospital it relates to complaint of accented hearing loss to the right and crippling vertigo, without focal neurological signals. To the otorhinolaryngological clinical examination it presented: Test of Weber lateralized for the left, spontaneous nystagmus for the left, marches rocking, has taken normal disbasia and ataxia, index-nose and diadochokinesia, Test of Romberg with oscillation without fall and Fukuda with lateral shunting line for the right. The audiometric examination evidenced deafness to the right and sensorineural loss to the left in sharps, areflexia initial to the right in caloric test e, the computerized tomography of the secular bones and brainstem, presence of metallic connecting rod crossing the right secular bone, from the vein internal jugular vein and bulb jugular vein, crossing the posterior, superior and vestibule semicircular canals, projecting itself in temporal lobe. The radiological diagnoses was traumatic injury for guide to endovascular metallic during catheterization of urgency and the behavior, considering that the patient had not compensated the balance, it was vestibular rehabilitation. Conclusion: Complaints of giddiness in the aged patient must be closely evaluated of its pathological clinical description because the antecedents of illnesses and previous treatments, in general, direct the diagnostic hypotheses however they can bring unexpected alterations.

  18. Lateral abdominal wall hematoma as a rare complication after carotid artery stenting: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satomi Jyunichiro

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Abdominal wall hematoma is a rare and life-threatening complication after carotid artery stenting (CAS, but it can occur when activated clotting time is prolonged. We report a right lateral abdominal wall hematoma caused by rupture of the superficial circumflex iliac artery after CAS in a 72-year-old man with severe stenosis of the origin of the right internal carotid artery. We performed CAS for the targeted lesion while activated clotting time exceeded 300 seconds. After 2 hours, he complained of right lateral abdominal pain. Abdominal computed tomography revealed an extensive hematoma in the right lateral abdominal wall. Activated clotting time was 180 seconds at this point. Seven hours later, he developed hypotension and hemoglobin level dropped to 11.3 g/dl. Subsequent computed tomography showed enlargement of the hematoma. Emergent selective angiography of the external iliac artery revealed active bleeding from the right superficial circumflex iliac artery. Transcatheter arterial embolization with Gelfoam and microcoils was performed successfully. With more CAS procedures being performed, it is important for endovascular surgeons and radiologists to consider the possibility of abdominal wall hematoma in this situation.

  19. Physicians' Abdominal Auscultation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    John, Gade; Peter, Kruse; Andersen, Ole Trier; Boel, Pedersen Simon; Steen, Boesby

    1998-01-01

    Background: Abdominal auscultation has an important position in the physical examination of the abdomen. Little is known about rater agreement. The aim of this study was to describe rater agreement and thus, indirectly, the value of the examination. Methods: In a semi-virtual setup 12 recordings ...

  20. Adult abdominal hernias.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Murphy, Kevin P

    2014-06-01

    Educational Objectives and Key Points. 1. Given that abdominal hernias are a frequent imaging finding, radiologists not only are required to interpret the appearances of abdominal hernias but also should be comfortable with identifying associated complications and postrepair findings. 2. CT is the imaging modality of choice for the assessment of a known adult abdominal hernia in both elective and acute circumstances because of rapid acquisition, capability of multiplanar reconstruction, good spatial resolution, and anatomic depiction with excellent sensitivity for most complications. 3. Ultrasound is useful for adult groin assessment and is the imaging modality of choice for pediatric abdominal wall hernia assessment, whereas MRI is beneficial when there is reasonable concern that a patient\\'s symptoms could be attributable to a hernia or a musculoskeletal source. 4. Fluoroscopic herniography is a sensitive radiologic investigation for patients with groin pain in whom a hernia is suspected but in whom a hernia cannot be identified at physical examination. 5. The diagnosis of an internal hernia not only is a challenging clinical diagnosis but also can be difficult to diagnose with imaging: Closed-loop small-bowel obstruction and abnormally located bowel loops relative to normally located small bowel or colon should prompt assessment for an internal hernia.

  1. Endometriosis Abdominal wall

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Endometriosis of abdominal wall is a rare entity wi ch frequently appears after gynecological surgery. Case history includes three cases of parietal endometriosis wi ch were treated in Maciel Hospital of Montevideo. The report refers to etiological diagnostic aspects and highlights the importance of total resection in order to achieve definitive healing

  2. Endovascular treatment for intracranial infectious aneurysms Tratamento endovascular de aneurismas infecciosos intracranianos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Wajnberg

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVE: To re-enforce an alternative, less aggressive treatment modality in the management of intracranial infectious aneurysms. METHOD: We present a series of five patients with infectious endocarditis and intracranial infectious aneurysms (mycotic aneurysms managed by means of endovascular treatment. RESULTS: Endovascular treatment was executed technically uneventfully in all patients. Three patients had favorable clinical outcome: two were classified as Glasgow Outcome Scale 4/5, and one had total neurological recovery (GOS 5/5. Two patients died (GOS 1/5, one in consequence of the initial intracranial bleeding and the other after cardiac complications from endocarditis and open-heart surgery. CONCLUSION: Endovascular techniques are an expanding option for the treatment of IIAs. It has been especially useful for infectious endocarditis patients with IIA, who will be submitted to cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass and anticoagulation, with the risk of intracranial bleeding.OBJETIVO: Enfatizar o método endovascular como uma opção de tratamento alternativa e menos agressiva no tratamento de aneurismas infecciosos intracranianos. MÉTODO: Apresentamos uma série de cinco pacientes com endocardite infecciosa e aneurismas infecciosos intra-cranianos (aneurismas micóticos tratados através da via endovascular. RESULTADOS: O tratamento endovascular teve sucesso técnico e sem intercorrências relacionadas ao cateterismo em todos os casos. Três pacientes tiveram desfecho clínico favorável: dois com escala de regeneração de Glasgow 4/5 e um com recuperação neurológica completa (GOS 5/5. Dois pacientes tiveram desfecho desfavorável (GOS 1/5, um devido às conseqüências do sangramento intracraniano inicial e outro devido a complicações cardíacas da endocardite e cirurgia de troca valvar. CONCLUSÃO: As técnicas endovasculares são uma nova opção de tratamento dos aneurismas infecciosos intracranianos. Ela é especialmente útil em pacientes que serão submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca com circulação extra-corpórea e anticoagulação, com o conseqüente risco de hemorragia intracraniana.

  3. Children's (Pediatric) Abdominal Ultrasound Imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Children's (Pediatric) Ultrasound - Abdomen Children’s (pediatric) ultrasound imaging of the abdomen ... limitations of Abdominal Ultrasound Imaging? What is Abdominal Ultrasound Imaging? Ultrasound is safe and painless, and produces ...

  4. Screening for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Understanding Task Force Recommendations Screening for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force) ... final recommendation statement on Screening for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm. This final recommendation statement applies to adults ages ...

  5. JAMA Patient Page: Abdominal Hernia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... The Journal of the American Medical Association Abdominal Hernia Common abdominal hernias A HERNIA DEVELOPS WHEN A WEAKNESS THAT FORMS IN THE ... through it. Among the most common are umbilical hernias that occur at the navel and inguinal hernias ...

  6. Trauma abdominal complejo en una Unidad de Cuidados Intermedios Quirúrgicos Complex abdominal trauma in an Intermediate Surgical Care Unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Raúl de Posada Jiménez

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available El traumatismo abdominal representa del 15-20 % del total de las lesiones traumáticas. Nuestro objetivo fue conocer el comportamiento del traumatismo abdominal predominante en el lesionado complejo. Se revisaron las historias clínicas de 24 pacientes ingresados en la Unidad de Cuidados Intermedios Quirúrgicos del Hospital Militar Central “Dr. Luis Díaz Soto” durante el año 2002, con el diagnóstico de trauma abdominal predominante. Hubo una mayor incidencia del traumatismo cerrado (70.8%, predominando en el sexo masculino (75%. El lavado peritoneal diagnóstico y la punción abdominal fueron los procedimientos más utilizados. Las lesiones más frecuentes fueron del hígado, el intestino delgado y el hematoma retroperitoneal. La hepatorrafia (30% fue la técnica quirúrgica más empleada. Las complicaciones (29.2% más frecuentes fueron la sepsis intraabdominal, de la herida quirúrgica y los trastornos hidroelectrolíticos. La mortalidad fue del 8.3%. La tendencia del comportamiento del traumatismo abdominal no ha logrado variarse en los últimos años, su frecuencia se mantiene estable y el tratamiento quirúrgico continúa siendo el más empleado.The abdominal traumatism represents the 15-20 % of the total of the traumatic lesions. Our objective was to know the behavior of the abdominal traumatism, predominant in the patients with complex lesions. We went through the clinical records of 24 patients who entered the Surgical Intermediate Care Unit of the Central Military Hospital Luis Díaz Soto during 2002, with diagnosis of predominant abdominal trauma. There was a higher incidence of the closed traumatism (70.8 %, predominating the male sex (75 %. The peritoneal diagnostic lavage and the abdominal punction were the most used procedures. The most frequent lesions were those in the liver, the small intestine and the retroperitoneal hematoma. Hepatorraphy (30 % was the most used surgical technique. The most frequent complications (29.2 % intra-abdominal sepsis, complications of the surgical injury and electrolytic disturbs. There was 8.3 % of mortality. There was not any variation of the abdominal traumatism behavior tendency achieved in the last years, its frequency is steady and the surgical treatment is still the most used.

  7. Posttraumatic infrarenal abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm.

    OpenAIRE

    Borioni, R; Garofalo, M; Seddio, F; Colagrande, L; B. Marino; Albano, P

    1999-01-01

    Posttraumatic abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm is a rare lesion. To date, fewer than 30 cases have been reported in the literature, with most of those cases involving the suprarenal aorta. Infrarenal posttraumatic abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm following abdominal trauma has been reported in only 6 other cases. We observed such a lesion in a 62-year-old man 15 years after blunt abdominal trauma inflicted in a car accident. Back pain was the presenting symptom. Resection and Dacron graft inter...

  8. Acute traumatic abdominal wall hernia

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Although blunt abdominal trauma is frequent, traumatic abdominal wall hernias (TAWH) are rare. We describe a large TAWH with associated intra-abdominal lesions that were caused by high-energy trauma. The diagnosis was missed by clinical examination but was subsequently revealed by a computed tomography (CT) scan. Repair consisted of an open anatomical reconstruction of the abdominal wall layers with reinforcement by an intraperitoneal composite mesh. The patient recovered well and the results...

  9. Radiological Evaluation and Endovascular Treatment of Hemoptysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramírez Mejía, Alex Roberto; Méndez Montero, José Vicente; Vásquez-Caicedo, Marco Leyva; Bustos García de Castro, Ana; Cabeza Martínez, Beatriz; Ferreirós Domínguez, Joaquín

    2016-01-01

    Hemoptysis can be a life-threatening condition that warrants urgent investigation and intervention. Common causes include bronchiectasis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, tuberculosis, and malignancy. Computed tomography angiography is an accurate imaging modality for assessment of hemoptysis. The bronchial arteries are the source of bleeding in most cases of hemoptysis, and bronchial artery embolization is the treatment of choice. The aim of this article is to summarize the pathophysiology, causes, initial management, and diagnostic approach of hemoptysis. Endovascular treatment of hemoptysis, technique, embolic materials, outcomes, complications, and follow-up of patients are discussed. PMID:26293972

  10. Endovascular treatment of traumatic intracranial pseudoaneurysm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Traumatic intracranial pseudoaneurysms are uncommon and its incidence is about 1% of all cerebral aneurysms. Bleeding organized and turns into a pseudoaneurysm that is communicated with vessels. Because traumatic pseudoaneurysms have no complete vascular wall, they are prone to be broken and thus cause bleeding. Therefore, the clinical treatment of pseudoaneurysms si different from the treatment of true intracranial aneurysms in some respects, and any operation, whether craniotomy or interventional embolization, takes high risk for patients with intracranial pseudoaneurysms. This paper aims to summary the therapeutic methods currently used in clinical practice and to make a detailed review of endovascular management of intracranial pseudoaneurysms based on the pathological characteristics of pseudoaneurysms. (authors)

  11. Endovascular treatment of stroke. When and How?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: It is well known that stroke is the third leading cause of death and the most common cause of permanent disability in the Western countries. Ischemic stroke is the commonest between the causes and atheroembolic events is principally involved. Intravenous thrombolysis (IVT) has dramatically changed the treatment mentality which previously was mostly supportive and didn't change significantly the prognosis. IVT is now considered the standard of care, having however certain limitations that have paved the way for the development of endovascular treatment. The main disadvantage of IVT is the relatively limited available time window, leading very few patients to receive the treatment. Intra-arterial options for treatment are not confined to delivery of a thrombolytic drug into the thrombus, but extended to quite variable mechanical options. The use of thrombolytic agents regionally or locally (Intra-arterial Thrombolysis - IAT), although may be allowed for an extended time window comparatively to IVT, has more or less the same disadvantages and the complications that related to the administrated drug. Moreover and despite the good results of several randomized trials, IAT has never granted an FDA approval. Nevertheless its use is included in the AHA/ASA guidelines under recommended in certain situations. IAT can be used as a standalone treatment or may be combined (bridging therapy) with IVT. Endovascular treatment has been boosted however, after the advent of mechanical devices for clot removal in acute stroke. These devices have become more sophisticated nowadays and this treatment is more and more is preferred when endovascular means are considered. Initially, mechanical devices were used for the clot disruption in combination with IAT (augmented thrombolysis). Other devices have been developed aiming to directly remove a clot rather than disrupt or macerate it, and the procedure turned to be a thrombectomy. Many different devices had been used with different success rates, until the recently published 'SWIFT' trial render the stent retrievers as the best option until now and establish the use of these devices as the preferred method for the mechanical thrombectomy. The effectiveness of endovascular techniques in acute ischemic stroke has been established in many trials. Clinicians however continue to face many challenges in the selection of the most appropriate approach. In conclusion, while IVT remains the standard of care for the few patients presenting early, interventional techniques can play a significant role in a larger population who present much later, fail to improve with IVT, or who do not meet the inclusion criteria for IVT

  12. [Endovascular treatment of giant intracranial aneurysms].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bracard, S; Derelle, A L; Tonnelet, R; Barbier, C; Proust, F; Anxionnat, R

    2016-02-01

    Giant aneurysms are defined as having a maximal diameter higher than 25mm. The dynamic aspect of giant aneurysms, in particular, is its growth, which was responsible for parenchyma sequellae either due to haemorrhagic complications or a compression of cranial nerves. The treatment of these giant aneurysms was challenging because of its size, the mass effect and the neck diameter. These morphologic conditions required complex endovascular procedures such as remodelling, stenting, using flow diverters. Subsequently, the complex procedures increased the risk of morbidity because of ischemic complications. Despite these procedures, the risk of recurrence was high. PMID:26740286

  13. A multimodality vascular imaging phantom of an abdominal aortic aneurysm with a visible thrombus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: With the continuous development of new stent grafts and implantation techniques, it has now become technically feasible to treat abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) with challenging anatomy using endovascular repair with standard, fenestrated, or branched stent-grafts. In vitro experimentations are very useful to improve stent-graft design and conformability or imaging guidance for stent-graft delivery or follow-up. Vascular replicas also help to better understand the limitation of endovascular approaches in challenging anatomy and possibly improve surgical planning or training by practicing high risk clinical procedures in the laboratory to improve outcomes in the operating room. Most AAA phantoms available have a very basic anatomy, which is not representative of the clinical reality. This paper presents a method of fabrication of a realistic AAA phantom with a visible thrombus, as well as some mechanical properties characterizing such phantom. Methods: A realistic AAA geometry replica of a real patient anatomy taken from a multidetector computed tomography (CT) scan was manufactured. To demonstrate the multimodality imaging capability of this new phantom with a thrombus visible in magnetic resonance (MR) angiography, CT angiography (CTA), digital subtraction angiography (DSA), and ultrasound, image acquisitions with all these modalities were performed by using standard clinical protocols. Potential use of this phantom for stent deployment was also tested. A rheometer allowed defining hyperelastic and viscoelastic properties of phantom materials. Results: MR imaging measurements of SNR and CNR values on T1 and T2-weighted sequences and MR angiography indicated reasonable agreement with published values of AAA thrombus and abdominal components in vivo. X-ray absorption also lay within normal ranges of AAA patients and was representative of findings observed on CTA, fluoroscopy, and DSA. Ultrasound propagation speeds for developed materials were also in concordance with the literature for vascular and abdominal tissues. Conclusions: The mimicked abdominal tissues, AAA wall, and surrounding thrombus were developed to match imaging features of in vivo MR, CT, and ultrasound examinations. This phantom should be of value for image calibration, segmentation, and testing of endovascular devices for AAA endovascular repair.

  14. A multimodality vascular imaging phantom of an abdominal aortic aneurysm with a visible thrombus

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Allard, Louise; Chayer, Boris; Qin Zhao [Laboratory of Biorheology and Medical Ultrasonics, Research Center, University of Montreal Hospital (CRCHUM), Quebec H2L 2W5 (Canada); Soulez, Gilles [Department of Radiology, University of Montreal Hospital (CHUM), Quebec H2L 2M1 (Canada); Department of Radiology, Radio-Oncology and Nuclear Medicine, University of Montreal, Quebec H3T 1J4 (Canada); Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of Montreal, Quebec H3T 1J4 (Canada); Roy, David [Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of Montreal, Quebec H3T 1J4 (Canada); Cloutier, Guy [Laboratory of Biorheology and Medical Ultrasonics, Research Center, University of Montreal Hospital (CRCHUM), Quebec H2L 2W5 (Canada); Department of Radiology, Radio-Oncology and Nuclear Medicine, University of Montreal, Quebec H3T 1J4 (Canada); Institute of Biomedical Engineering, University of Montreal, Quebec H3T 1J4 (Canada)

    2013-06-15

    Purpose: With the continuous development of new stent grafts and implantation techniques, it has now become technically feasible to treat abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) with challenging anatomy using endovascular repair with standard, fenestrated, or branched stent-grafts. In vitro experimentations are very useful to improve stent-graft design and conformability or imaging guidance for stent-graft delivery or follow-up. Vascular replicas also help to better understand the limitation of endovascular approaches in challenging anatomy and possibly improve surgical planning or training by practicing high risk clinical procedures in the laboratory to improve outcomes in the operating room. Most AAA phantoms available have a very basic anatomy, which is not representative of the clinical reality. This paper presents a method of fabrication of a realistic AAA phantom with a visible thrombus, as well as some mechanical properties characterizing such phantom. Methods: A realistic AAA geometry replica of a real patient anatomy taken from a multidetector computed tomography (CT) scan was manufactured. To demonstrate the multimodality imaging capability of this new phantom with a thrombus visible in magnetic resonance (MR) angiography, CT angiography (CTA), digital subtraction angiography (DSA), and ultrasound, image acquisitions with all these modalities were performed by using standard clinical protocols. Potential use of this phantom for stent deployment was also tested. A rheometer allowed defining hyperelastic and viscoelastic properties of phantom materials. Results: MR imaging measurements of SNR and CNR values on T1 and T2-weighted sequences and MR angiography indicated reasonable agreement with published values of AAA thrombus and abdominal components in vivo. X-ray absorption also lay within normal ranges of AAA patients and was representative of findings observed on CTA, fluoroscopy, and DSA. Ultrasound propagation speeds for developed materials were also in concordance with the literature for vascular and abdominal tissues. Conclusions: The mimicked abdominal tissues, AAA wall, and surrounding thrombus were developed to match imaging features of in vivo MR, CT, and ultrasound examinations. This phantom should be of value for image calibration, segmentation, and testing of endovascular devices for AAA endovascular repair.

  15. The role of imaging in the transluminal treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The authors emphasized the importance of diagnostic imaging: a) in the selection of patients to be treated with the transluminal approach; b) during stent-graft positioning; c) in the follow-up of treated patients. Diagnostic imaging plays a basic role in the endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), much more than that required for traditional surgical treatment. In particular, pretreatment planning is critical and requires sophisticated imaging, including Spiral CT with 3D reconstruction and angiographic evaluation using catheters with calibrated markers

  16. Radiation Exposure of Abdominal Cone Beam Computed Tomography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    PurposeTo evaluate patients radiation exposure of abdominal C-arm cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).MethodsThis prospective study was approved by the institutional review board; written, informed consent was waived. Radiation exposure of abdominal CBCT was evaluated in 40 patients who underwent CBCT during endovascular interventions. Dose area product (DAP) of CBCT was documented and effective dose (ED) was estimated based on organ doses using dedicated Monte Carlo simulation software with consideration of X-ray field location and patients’ individual body weight and height. Weight-dependent ED per DAP conversion factors were calculated. CBCT radiation dose was compared to radiation dose of procedural fluoroscopy. CBCT dose-related risk for cancer was assessed.ResultsMean ED of abdominal CBCT was 4.3 mSv (95 % confidence interval [CI] 3.9; 4.8 mSv, range 1.1–7.4 mSv). ED was significantly higher in the upper than in the lower abdomen (p = 0.003) and increased with patients’ weight (r = 0.55, slope = 0.045 mSv/kg, p < 0.001). Radiation exposure of CBCT corresponded to the radiation exposure of on average 7.2 fluoroscopy minutes (95 % CI 5.5; 8.8 min) in the same region of interest. Lifetime risk of exposure related cancer death was 0.033 % or less depending on age and weight.ConclusionsMean ED of abdominal CBCT was 4.3 mSv depending on X-ray field location and body weight

  17. Radiation Exposure of Abdominal Cone Beam Computed Tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sailer, Anna M., E-mail: anni.sailer@mumc.nl [Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC), Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Schurink, Geert Willem H., E-mail: gwh.schurink@mumc.nl [Maastricht University Medical Centre, Department of Surgery (Netherlands); Wildberger, Joachim E., E-mail: j.wildberger@mumc.nl; Graaf, Rick de, E-mail: r.de.graaf@mumc.nl; Zwam, Willem H. van, E-mail: w.van.zwam@mumc.nl; Haan, Michiel W. de, E-mail: m.de.haan@mumc.nl; Kemerink, Gerrit J., E-mail: gerrit.kemerink@mumc.nl; Jeukens, Cécile R. L. P. N., E-mail: cecile.jeukens@mumc.nl [Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC), Department of Radiology (Netherlands)

    2015-02-15

    PurposeTo evaluate patients radiation exposure of abdominal C-arm cone beam computed tomography (CBCT).MethodsThis prospective study was approved by the institutional review board; written, informed consent was waived. Radiation exposure of abdominal CBCT was evaluated in 40 patients who underwent CBCT during endovascular interventions. Dose area product (DAP) of CBCT was documented and effective dose (ED) was estimated based on organ doses using dedicated Monte Carlo simulation software with consideration of X-ray field location and patients’ individual body weight and height. Weight-dependent ED per DAP conversion factors were calculated. CBCT radiation dose was compared to radiation dose of procedural fluoroscopy. CBCT dose-related risk for cancer was assessed.ResultsMean ED of abdominal CBCT was 4.3 mSv (95 % confidence interval [CI] 3.9; 4.8 mSv, range 1.1–7.4 mSv). ED was significantly higher in the upper than in the lower abdomen (p = 0.003) and increased with patients’ weight (r = 0.55, slope = 0.045 mSv/kg, p < 0.001). Radiation exposure of CBCT corresponded to the radiation exposure of on average 7.2 fluoroscopy minutes (95 % CI 5.5; 8.8 min) in the same region of interest. Lifetime risk of exposure related cancer death was 0.033 % or less depending on age and weight.ConclusionsMean ED of abdominal CBCT was 4.3 mSv depending on X-ray field location and body weight.

  18. Anterior abdominal wall anomalies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Eliçevik

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Anterior abdominal wall defects consists of omphalocele, gastroschisis, umblical hernia and exstrophy-epispadias complex. This section is written for the diagnosis and treatment of those anomalies which are summarized by figures. Managment of abdominal wall defects requires collaboration between the Pediatricians and Pediatric Surgeons. The pitfalls of preoperative and postoperative care from the respect of Pediatrics and intensive care unit are established. Especially the exstrophy-epispadias complex is a life long diasease, special attention for the diagnosis and treatment of mainly the urogenital and associated malformations must be given on the long term follow-up. Patient transfer to specialized centers of Pediatric Urology, in the field of exstrophy-epispadias-complex is recommended. (Turk Arch Ped 2010; 45 Suppl: 29-34

  19. CT of abdominal trauma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Soon after it became available for clinical use, cranial CT became the method of choice for evaluating head trauma. Only relatively recently have newer generation full-body scanners been installed at major trauma centers, but experience is rapidly being gained in the utilization of CT for abdominal trauma. CT has proved highly accurate in diagnosing a wide variety of injuries to both intra- and retroperitoneal organs in pediatric and adult patient populations. The impact has been evident not only in decreasing utilization of other diagnostic tests, such as angiography, but also in practical management decisions, such as whether to perform exploratory laparotomy. This chapter details the authors' approach to evaluation of abdominal trauma by CT

  20. The blunt abdominal trauma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Up to 1970 the number of patients suffering from blunt abdominal trauma showed a substantial increase. In more than 50% of all cases there are additional injuries. The most important factor influencing the prognosis of these patients is the early and correct indication for operation and the avoidance of unnecessary laparotomies. As a primary aim in diagnosis one should consider the recognition of an intraperitoneal bleeding without risk for the patient. Peritoneal lavage as an invasive method with low complication rates has proved good. First reports also show good results using the sonography of the abdomen. The recognition of the injured organ allows a carefully directed operation. Concerning the prognosis it is of minor importance. The diagnosis in patients with blunt abdominal trauma at the university clinic of Freiburg consists of: sonography, followed in positive cases by laparotomy or angiography and laparotomy. In cases with questionable results a lavage is done. (orig.)

  1. Endometrioma de parede abdominal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Italo Accetta

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Relatar a experiência dos autores com as manifestações clínicas e o tratamento cirúrgico em pacientes com endometrioma de parede abdominal. MÉTODOS: Análise retrospectiva das pacientes operadas por endometrioma de parede abdominal, dando ênfase aos dados relativos à idade, sintomas, cesariana prévia, relação dos sintomas com o ciclo menstrual, exames físicos e complementares, tratamento cirúrgico, evolução pós-operatória e resultado histopatológico dos espécimes. RESULTADOS: Foram operadas 14 pacientes no período estudado, com idade entre 28 e 40 anos. A presença de massa e dor local que piorava durante a menstruação foram as queixas principais. Ultrassonografia e tomografia computadorizada foram exames importantes em localizar precisamente a doença. O tratamento cirúrgico foi exérese ampla da tumoração e dos tecidos comprometidos. As pacientes evoluíram satisfatoriamente e o histopatológico confirmou a suspeita de endometrioma de parede abdominal em todos os casos. CONCLUSÃO: Foi nítida a relação entre cesariana prévia e endometrioma de parede abdominal e estudos ultrassonográficos e tomográficos auxiliaram a planejar a abordagem cirúrgica permitindo a exérese da tumoração e de todos os tecidos adjacentes comprometidos.

  2. The abdominal circulatory pump.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliverti, Andrea; Bovio, Dario; Fullin, Irene; Dellacà, Raffaele L; Lo Mauro, Antonella; Pedotti, Antonio; Macklem, Peter T

    2009-01-01

    Blood in the splanchnic vasculature can be transferred to the extremities. We quantified such blood shifts in normal subjects by measuring trunk volume by optoelectronic plethysmography, simultaneously with changes in body volume by whole body plethysmography during contractions of the diaphragm and abdominal muscles. Trunk volume changes with blood shifts, but body volume does not so that the blood volume shifted between trunk and extremities (Vbs) is the difference between changes in trunk and body volume. This is so because both trunk and body volume change identically with breathing and gas expansion or compression. During tidal breathing Vbs was 50-75 ml with an ejection fraction of 4-6% and an output of 750-1500 ml/min. Step increases in abdominal pressure resulted in rapid emptying presumably from the liver with a time constant of 0.61+/-0.1SE sec. followed by slower flow from non-hepatic viscera. The filling time constant was 0.57+/-0.09SE sec. Splanchnic emptying shifted up to 650 ml blood. With emptying, the increased hepatic vein flow increases the blood pressure at its entry into the inferior vena cava (IVC) and abolishes the pressure gradient producing flow between the femoral vein and the IVC inducing blood pooling in the legs. The findings are important for exercise because the larger the Vbs the greater the perfusion of locomotor muscles. During asystolic cardiac arrest we calculate that appropriate timing of abdominal compression could produce an output of 6 L/min. so that the abdominal circulatory pump might act as an auxiliary heart. PMID:19440240

  3. The Abdominal Circulatory Pump

    OpenAIRE

    Aliverti, Andrea; Bovio, Dario; Fullin, Irene; Dellacà, Raffaele L.; Lo Mauro, Antonella; Pedotti, Antonio; Macklem, Peter T

    2009-01-01

    Blood in the splanchnic vasculature can be transferred to the extremities. We quantified such blood shifts in normal subjects by measuring trunk volume by optoelectronic plethysmography, simultaneously with changes in body volume by whole body plethysmography during contractions of the diaphragm and abdominal muscles. Trunk volume changes with blood shifts, but body volume does not so that the blood volume shifted between trunk and extremities (Vbs) is the difference between changes in trunk ...

  4. Anterior abdominal wall defects.

    OpenAIRE

    Lafferty, P M; Emmerson, A J; Fleming, P.J.; Frank, J. D.; Noblett, H R

    1989-01-01

    A total of 48 infants with abdominal wall defects referred to the South West Regional Neonatal Surgical Centre over a period of six years were reviewed. There were 27 (56%) infants with gastroschisis and 21 (44%) infants with exomphalos. At the regional centre, four pregnancies with gastroschisis were terminated following a prenatal diagnosis, one child was stillborn, and one with exomphalos and trisomy 13 died soon after birth. Of the remaining 42 live births, the one year survival for babie...

  5. Superinfecção e rotura de aneurisma da aorta abdominal por Salmonella dublin: relato de caso Superinfection and rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm after Salmonella dublin septicemia: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anibal Basile Filho

    1988-12-01

    Full Text Available Os autores relatam o caso de paciente de 66 anos, que apresentou superinfecção e rotura de aneurisma da aorta abdominal, após septicemia por Salmonella dublin. As infecções endovasculares associadas à rotura de aneurisma pré-existentes são um rico potencial nos pacientes com mais de 50 anos de idade, que apresentam bacteremia ou septicemia por Salmonella sp. A alta mortalidade da aortite por salmonelose é devida à septicemia grave ou à rotura desses aneurismas. Qualquer tecido orgânico pode ser a sede de infecções metastáticas, porém os locais mais susceptíveis são os tecidos necróticos e as lesões crônicas degenerativas. Os autores discutem a importância do diagnóstico precoce para reduzir a mortalidade dessa entidade.The authors present a case of a 66 year-old woman with a dissection and rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm after Salmonella dublin septicemia. Endovascular infection and rupture of atherosclerotic aneurysm is a substantial risk in patients older than 50 years of age who have bacteremia or sepsis due to Salmonella sp. The high mortality is the resultant of Salmonella aortitis due either to septicemia or rupture. Tissue anywhere may be seeded, but damage tissues appear to be particularly susceptible to abscess and chronic destructive lesions. The significance of early diagnosis to decrease the fatal outcome is discussed.

  6. Abdominal aspergillosis: CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yeom, Suk Keu, E-mail: pagoda20@hanmail.net [Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 388-1, Poongnap2-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hye Jin, E-mail: kimhyejin@amc.seoul.kr [Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 388-1, Poongnap2-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736 (Korea, Republic of); Byun, Jae Ho, E-mail: jhbyun@amc.seoul.kr [Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 388-1, Poongnap2-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Ah Young, E-mail: aykim@amc.seoul.kr [Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 388-1, Poongnap2-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Moon-Gyu, E-mail: mglee@amc.seoul.kr [Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 388-1, Poongnap2-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736 (Korea, Republic of); Ha, Hyun Kwon, E-mail: hkha@amc.seoul.kr [Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, 388-1, Poongnap2-dong, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736 (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-03-15

    Objective: In order to retrospectively evaluate the CT findings of abdominal aspergillosis in immunocompromised patients. Materials and methods: CT scans were reviewed with regard to the sites, number, morphologic appearance, attenuation, and the contrast enhancement patterns of the lesions in six patients (5 women, 1 man; mean age, 43.4 years; range, 23-59 years) with pathologically proved abdominal aspergillosis by two gastrointestinal radiologists in consensus. Medical records were also reviewed to determine each patient's clinical status and outcome. Results: All patients were immunocompromised state: 4 patients received immunosuppressive therapy for solid organ transplantation and 2 patients received chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia. Aspergillosis involved blood vessels (n = 3), liver (n = 2), spleen (n = 2), gastrointestinal tract (n = 2), native kidney (n = 1), transplanted kidney (n = 1), peritoneum (n = 1), and retroperitoneum (n = 1). CT demonstrated solid organ or bowel infarction or perforation secondary to vascular thrombosis or pseudoaneurysm, multiple low-attenuating lesions of solid organs presenting as abscesses, concentric bowel wall thickening mimicking typhlitis, or diffuse or nodular infiltration of the peritoneum and retroperitoneum. Conclusion: Familiarity with findings commonly presenting as angioinvasive features or abscesses on CT, may facilitate the diagnosis of rare and fatal abdominal aspergillosis.

  7. Abdominal emergencies during pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouyou, J; Gaujoux, S; Marcellin, L; Leconte, M; Goffinet, F; Chapron, C; Dousset, B

    2015-12-01

    Abdominal emergencies during pregnancy (excluding obstetrical emergencies) occur in one out of 500-700 pregnancies and may involve gastrointestinal, gynecologic, urologic, vascular and traumatic etiologies; surgery is necessary in 0.2-2% of cases. Since these emergencies are relatively rare, patients should be referred to specialized centers where surgical, obstetrical and neonatal cares are available, particularly because surgical intervention increases the risk of premature labor. Clinical presentations may be atypical and misleading because of pregnancy-associated anatomical and physiologic alterations, which often result in diagnostic uncertainty and therapeutic delay with increased risks of maternal and infant morbidity. The most common abdominal emergencies are acute appendicitis (best treated by laparoscopic appendectomy), acute calculous cholecystitis (best treated by laparoscopic cholecystectomy from the first trimester through the early part of the third trimester) and intestinal obstruction (where medical treatment is the first-line approach, just as in the non-pregnant patient). Acute pancreatitis is rare, usually resulting from trans-ampullary passage of gallstones; it usually resolves with medical treatment but an elevated risk of recurrent episodes justifies laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the 2nd trimester and endoscopic sphincterotomy in the 3rd trimester. The aim of the present work is to review pregnancy-induced anatomical and physiological modifications, to describe the main abdominal emergencies during pregnancy, their specific features and their diagnostic and therapeutic management. PMID:26527261

  8. Abdominal aspergillosis: CT findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: In order to retrospectively evaluate the CT findings of abdominal aspergillosis in immunocompromised patients. Materials and methods: CT scans were reviewed with regard to the sites, number, morphologic appearance, attenuation, and the contrast enhancement patterns of the lesions in six patients (5 women, 1 man; mean age, 43.4 years; range, 23-59 years) with pathologically proved abdominal aspergillosis by two gastrointestinal radiologists in consensus. Medical records were also reviewed to determine each patient's clinical status and outcome. Results: All patients were immunocompromised state: 4 patients received immunosuppressive therapy for solid organ transplantation and 2 patients received chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia. Aspergillosis involved blood vessels (n = 3), liver (n = 2), spleen (n = 2), gastrointestinal tract (n = 2), native kidney (n = 1), transplanted kidney (n = 1), peritoneum (n = 1), and retroperitoneum (n = 1). CT demonstrated solid organ or bowel infarction or perforation secondary to vascular thrombosis or pseudoaneurysm, multiple low-attenuating lesions of solid organs presenting as abscesses, concentric bowel wall thickening mimicking typhlitis, or diffuse or nodular infiltration of the peritoneum and retroperitoneum. Conclusion: Familiarity with findings commonly presenting as angioinvasive features or abscesses on CT, may facilitate the diagnosis of rare and fatal abdominal aspergillosis.

  9. Endovascular strategy for unruptured cerebral aneurysms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) remains complex and not clearly defined. While for ruptured intracranial aneurysms the management and the treatment option (surgery or endovascular treatment) are well defined by several trials, for asymptomatic UIAs the best management is still currently uncertain. The rationale to treat an UIA is to prevent the rupture and its consequent SAH and all complications derived from hemorrhage or reduce/eliminate neurological palsy. Although this statement is correct, the indication to treat an UIA should be based on a correct balance between the natural history of UIA and treatment risk. Patient's clinical history, aneurysm characteristics, and strategy management influence the natural history of UIAs and treatment outcomes. In the last 10 years and more, two important large multicenter studies were performed in order to analysis of all these factors and to evaluate the best treatment option for UIAs. The aim of this paper is to try to synthesize the possible indications to the endovascular treatment (EVT), when and how to treat an UIA

  10. Endovascular strategy for unruptured cerebral aneurysms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mangiafico, S., E-mail: mangiax@libero.it [Interventional Neuroradiology Unit, Careggi University Hospital, Florence (Italy); Guarnieri, G., E-mail: gianluigiguarnieri@hotmail.it [Neuroradiology Service, Cardarelli Hospital, Naples (Italy); Consoli, A., E-mail: onemed21@gmail.com [Interventional Neuroradiology Unit, Careggi University Hospital, Florence (Italy); Ambrosanio, G., E-mail: gambros@libero.it [Neuroradiology Service, Cardarelli Hospital, Naples (Italy); Muto, M., E-mail: mutomar@tiscali.it [Neuroradiology Service, Cardarelli Hospital, Naples (Italy)

    2013-10-01

    The treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) remains complex and not clearly defined. While for ruptured intracranial aneurysms the management and the treatment option (surgery or endovascular treatment) are well defined by several trials, for asymptomatic UIAs the best management is still currently uncertain. The rationale to treat an UIA is to prevent the rupture and its consequent SAH and all complications derived from hemorrhage or reduce/eliminate neurological palsy. Although this statement is correct, the indication to treat an UIA should be based on a correct balance between the natural history of UIA and treatment risk. Patient's clinical history, aneurysm characteristics, and strategy management influence the natural history of UIAs and treatment outcomes. In the last 10 years and more, two important large multicenter studies were performed in order to analysis of all these factors and to evaluate the best treatment option for UIAs. The aim of this paper is to try to synthesize the possible indications to the endovascular treatment (EVT), when and how to treat an UIA.

  11. Endovascular stenting for vertebrobasilar artery stenosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To summarize the experiences in endovascular stenting for vertebrobasilar artery stenosis, and to discuss its indications, technique, and perioperative management. Methods: Twenty cases presented with recurrent transient ischemic attack or with the history of infarction of posterior circulation territory. Thirteen cases complained of dizziness or headache. The locations of the stenoses were originated at vertebral artery in 13 cases, extracranial segment of vertebral artery in 3 cases, intracranial segment of vertebral artery in 5 cases, and basilar artery in 12 cases. All stenoses were more than 70% in diameter, with 2-12 mm in length. Balloon expended stents (BX, AVES670, EXPRESS, BIODIVESO) were introduced across the stenosis with the support of guide wire. Stents were deployed by inflation of the balloon slowly. Results: There were no procedural and periprocedural complications, and angiographic results showed that the stenoses returned to normal size in 29 cases, while reduced by more than 80% in 4 cases. The patients were asymptomatic and neurologically intact at the clinical follow-up for 3-10 months. Ten cases were followed by angiography, and there was no restenosis. Conclusion: Endovascular stenting for vertebrobasilar artery stenosis is effective and safe. But long-term results need further investigation

  12. The Endovascular Management of Iliac Artery Aneurysms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Isolated aneurysms of the iliac arteries are uncommon. Previously treated by conventional surgery, there is increasing use of endografts to treat these lesions. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy, safety, and durability of the stent-grafts for treatment of iliac artery aneurysms (IAAs). The results of endografting for isolated IAAs over a 10-year period were analyzed retrospectively. The treatment methods differed depending on the anatomic location of the aneurysms. Twenty-one patients (1 woman, 20 men) underwent endovascular stent-graft repair, with one procedure carried out under emergency conditions after acute rupture. The mean aneurysm diameter was 4.6 cm.Results:The procedural technical success was 100%. There was zero 30-day mortality. Follow-up was by interval CT scans. At a mean follow-up of 51.2 months, the stent-graft patency rate was 100%. Reintervention was performed in four patients (19%): one patient (4.7%) with a type I endoleak and three patients (14.3%) with type II endoleaks.Conclusion:We conclude that endovascular repair of isolated IAAs is a safe, minimally invasive technique with low morbidity rates. Follow-up results up to 10 years suggest that this approach is durable and should be regarded as a first treatment option for appropriate candidates

  13. Endovascular treatment for immature autogenous arteriovenous fistula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To evaluate the anatomical causes of maturation failure and to assess clinical outcomes after the causative lesions of immature arteriovenous fistula (AVF) have been corrected by endovascular treatment. Materials and methods: The medical records and radiological data from 141 patients who underwent endovascular treatment for immature AVF were retrospectively reviewed. Clinical outcomes, such as the success rates and the patency rates following the procedure, were included. The variables, including patients' age, gender, co-morbidities, fistula age, fistula type, numbers of lesions, degree of stenosis, presence of accessory veins, were analysed as the potential predictors of primary and secondary patency. Results: Technical and clinical success rates were 95.7% (135 of 141 AVFs) and 86.5% (122 of 141 AVFs), respectively. The primary and secondary patency rates were 71.9% and 82.8% at 1 year, 60.1% and 82.0% at 2 years, and 54.5% and 82.0% at 3 years, respectively. By multivariate analysis using Cox proportional hazards model, stenosis of >90% was the only independent predictor for both the primary and secondary patency rates [hazard ratio (HR) 5.026, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.47–10.24, p 90% was an independent predictor for both the primary and secondary patency after the treatment

  14. Endovascular Management of Vein of Galen Malformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hossein Ghanaati

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformation (VGAMs has"nhigh morbidity and mortality rates especially in the"npediatric population. Whereas, in the past, mortality"nrates were nearly 100%, recent developments in"nendovascular embolization have improved the"nprognosis. Vein of Galen malformations have proven"nto be very difficult to treat by standard surgical"nprocedures. However, endovascular embolization can"nprovide significant improvements to this condition."nSuccessful treatment involves many stages of"nendovascular embolization over a long period of time."nEmbolization involves injection of a glue-like material"nthrough a catheter placed near the malformation"nin the brain. Access to the lesion can be gained via"ntransarterial or transvenous routes which are mostly"nvia the transarterial approach. Often a patient will"nrequire more than one embolization. Some patients"nmay be cured by partial embolization. Endovascular"nembolization has considerably improved outcomes"nin patients with VGAM. More recently, with"nthe continued development and improvement of"nendovascular techniques, many patients are found to"nbe neurologically normal on follow-up and mortality"nrates have dropped substantially when compared "nwith microsurgical treatment. In most experiences,"nendovascular treatment always seems to be the best"nprimary treatment in VGAMs. It is now possible"nthat lots of patients grow up completely normal after"ntreatment. The risk of treatment varies but may be as"nhigh as 10% for permanent disabling stroke or death.

  15. Endovascular therapeutic strategies in ruptured intracranial aneurysms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate endovascular techniques used currently which were not available at the time of ISAT inclusion period, such as balloon remodelling and flow-divertion, in order to assess whether these new technologies have improved the endovascular approach outcomes. We present a review of articles, published in major journals, with the aim to evaluate the efficacy and the safety of coiling with balloon remodelling for the treatment of ruptured aneurysms in comparison to coiling performed without such coadjutant techniques. Furthermore, we reviewed publications reporting on the treatment of ruptured aneurysms in the acute phase with the one of the most recent technologies available nowadays: the flow diverting stent. Looking at the recent literature the results regarding ruptured aneurysms treated with balloon assisted coiling (BAC) have shown an improvement in terms of anatomical results and morbi-mortality rates. Case series of ruptured middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms treated by EVT report results similar to those obtained by surgical clipping. Several articles recently report encouraging results in treating ruptured dissecting and blister aneurysms with flow diverters. Questions regarding the best treatment available for ruptured aneurysms are yet to be answered. Hence there is a need for a subsequent trial aiming to answer these unresolved issues

  16. Endovascular therapeutic strategies in ruptured intracranial aneurysms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Machi, Paolo, E-mail: paolo.machi@gmail.com [CHRU Montpellier, Service de Neurorradiologie, Hopital Gui de Chauliac, 80 Avenue Augustin Fliche, 34295 Montpellier Cedex 5 (France); Lobotesis, Kyriakos, E-mail: kyriakos@lobotesis.co.uk [CHRU Montpellier, Service de Neurorradiologie, Hopital Gui de Chauliac, 80 Avenue Augustin Fliche, 34295 Montpellier Cedex 5 (France); Vendrell, Jean Francoise, E-mail: jfvendrell@yahoo.fr [CHRU Montpellier, Service de Neurorradiologie, Hopital Gui de Chauliac, 80 Avenue Augustin Fliche, 34295 Montpellier Cedex 5 (France); Riquelme, Carlos, E-mail: riquelme.carlos@neuf.fr [CHRU Montpellier, Service de Neurorradiologie, Hopital Gui de Chauliac, 80 Avenue Augustin Fliche, 34295 Montpellier Cedex 5 (France); Eker, Omer, E-mail: eker_omer@yahoo.fr [CHRU Montpellier, Service de Neurorradiologie, Hopital Gui de Chauliac, 80 Avenue Augustin Fliche, 34295 Montpellier Cedex 5 (France); Costalat, Vincent, E-mail: vincentcost@hotmail.com [CHRU Montpellier, Service de Neurorradiologie, Hopital Gui de Chauliac, 80 Avenue Augustin Fliche, 34295 Montpellier Cedex 5 (France); Bonafe, Alain, E-mail: bonafeh@aol.com [CHRU Montpellier, Service de Neurorradiologie, Hopital Gui de Chauliac, 80 Avenue Augustin Fliche, 34295 Montpellier Cedex 5 (France)

    2013-10-01

    The aim of the present study was to evaluate endovascular techniques used currently which were not available at the time of ISAT inclusion period, such as balloon remodelling and flow-divertion, in order to assess whether these new technologies have improved the endovascular approach outcomes. We present a review of articles, published in major journals, with the aim to evaluate the efficacy and the safety of coiling with balloon remodelling for the treatment of ruptured aneurysms in comparison to coiling performed without such coadjutant techniques. Furthermore, we reviewed publications reporting on the treatment of ruptured aneurysms in the acute phase with the one of the most recent technologies available nowadays: the flow diverting stent. Looking at the recent literature the results regarding ruptured aneurysms treated with balloon assisted coiling (BAC) have shown an improvement in terms of anatomical results and morbi-mortality rates. Case series of ruptured middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms treated by EVT report results similar to those obtained by surgical clipping. Several articles recently report encouraging results in treating ruptured dissecting and blister aneurysms with flow diverters. Questions regarding the best treatment available for ruptured aneurysms are yet to be answered. Hence there is a need for a subsequent trial aiming to answer these unresolved issues.

  17. Endovascular aortic repair: first twenty years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koncar, Igor; Tolić, Momcilo; Ilić, Nikola; Cvetković, Slobodan; Dragas, Marko; Cinara, Ilijas; Kostić, Dusan; Davidović, Lazar

    2012-01-01

    Endovascular aortic/aneurysm repair (EVAR) was introduced into clinical practice at the beginning of the nineties. Its fast development had a great influence on clinicians, vascular surgeons and interventional radiologists, educational curriculums, patients, industry and medical insurance. The aim of this paper is to present the contribution of clinicians and industry to the development and advancement of endovascular aortic repair over the last 20 years. This review article presents the development of EVAR by focusing on the contribution of physicians, surgeons and interventional radiologists in the creation of the new field of vascular surgery termed hybrid vascular surgery, and also the contribution of technological advancement by a significant help of industrial representatives--engineers and their counselors. This article also analyzes studies conducted in order to compare the successfulness of EVAR with up-to-now applied open surgical repair of aortic aneurysms, and some treatment techniques of other aortic diseases. During the first two decades of its development the EVAR method was rapidly progressing and was adopted concurrently with the expansion of technology. Owing to large randomized studies, early and long-term results indicate specific complications of this method, thus influencing further technological improvement and defining risk patients groups in whom the use of the technique should be avoided. Good results are insured only in centers, specialized in vascular surgery, which have on their disposal adequate conditions for solving all complications associated with this method. PMID:23350259

  18. Endovascular brachytherapy to prevent restenosis after angioplasty

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Endovascular radiotherapy is the first effective prophylaxis of restenosis after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and stenting. The FDA recently approved two devices for the delivery of intracoronary radiation following coronary artery stenting. Published multicenter, double-blind, randomized trials of intracoronary radiation therapy report good results for preventing in-stent restenosis, while the data for the peripheral circulation are still inconclusive. Beta-emitters are easier applicable and probably also safer, whereas gamma-emitters have been more extensively evaluated clinically so far. Primary indication for endovascular brachytherapy are patients at high risk for restenosis, such as previous restenoses, in-stent hyperplasia, long stented segment, long PTA lesion, narrow residual vascular lumen and diabetes. Data from coronary circulation suggest a safety margin of at least 4 to 10 mm at both ends of the angioplastic segment to avoid edge restenosis. To prevent late thrombosis of the treated coronary segment, antiplatelet therapy with clopidogrel and aspirin are recommended for at least 6 months after PTA and for 12 months after a newly implanted stent. An established medication regimen after radiotherapy of peripheral arteries is still lacking. (orig.)

  19. Rotura de aorta torácica descendente: Tratamiento endoprotésico Descending thoracic aortic rupture, endoprosthetic treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Fernández Carmona

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available La rotura de la aorta, independientemente de su localización y etiología, es una afección extremadamente grave que conduce a la muerte rápidamente. En el momento actual no hay consenso sobre si el tratamiento endovascular de la rotura de la aorta torácica descendente es superior al tratamiento quirúrgico convencional a medio y largo plazo. En esta serie, de 13 casos, describimos nuestra experiencia y evaluamos los resultados en pacientes tratados de forma endoprotésica desde enero de 2005 hasta enero de 2009.Aortic rupture, independently of its location and etiology, is an extremely serious condition that leads to death rapidly. There is currently no consensus on whether endovascular treatment of the descending thoracic aortic rupture is superior to conventional surgical repair in terms of mid-or long-terms outcome. We describe our experience with 13 patients from January 2005 to January 2009 to evaluate the results in patients with descending thoracic aortic rupture undergoing endoprosthetic management.

  20. Current status of endovascular stroke treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyers, Philip M; Schumacher, H Christian; Connolly, E Sander; Heyer, Eric J; Gray, William A; Higashida, Randall T

    2011-06-01

    The management of acute ischemic stroke is rapidly developing.Although acute ischemic stroke is a major cause of adult disability and death, the number of patients requiring emergency endovascular intervention remains unknown, but is a fraction of the overall stroke population. Public health initiatives endeavor to raise public awareness about acute stroke to improve triage for emergency treatment, and the medical community is working to develop stroke services at community and academic medical centers throughout the United States. There is an Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education–approved pathway for training in endovascular surgical neuroradiology, the specialty designed to train physicians specifically to treat cerebrovascular diseases. Primary and comprehensive stroke center designations have been defined, yet questions remain about the best delivery model. Telemedicine is available to help community medical centers cope with the complexity of stroke triage and treatment. Should comprehensive care be provided at every community center, or should patients with complex medical needs be triaged to major stroke centers with high-level surgical,intensive care, and endovascular capabilities? Although the answers to these and other questions about stroke care delivery remain unanswered owing to the paucity of empirical data, we are convinced that stroke care regionalization is crucial for delivery of high-quality comprehensive ischemic stroke treatment. A stroke team available 24 hours per day, 7 days per week requires specialty skills in stroke neurology, endovascular surgical neuroradiology, neurosurgery, neurointensive care, anesthesiology, nursing, and technical support for optimal success. Several physician groups with divergent training backgrounds (i.e., interventional neuroradiology, neurosurgery,neurology, peripheral interventional radiology, and cardiology) lay claim to the treatment of stroke patients,particularly the endovascular or interventional methods. Few would challenge neurologists over the responsibility for emergency evaluation and triage of stroke victims for intra intravenous fibrinolysis, even though emergency physicians are most commonly the first to evaluate these patients. There are many unanswered questions about the role of imaging in defining best treatment. Perfusion imaging with CT or MRI appears to have relevance even though its role remains undefined and is the subject of ongoing research. Meanwhile, investigators are exploring new, and perhaps more specific,imaging methods with cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen and cellular acid-base imbalance. There are currently 6 ongoing trials of stroke intervention, many with proprietary technologies and private funding, competing for the same patient population as multicenter trials funded by the NIH. At the same time, much of the interventional stroke treatment currently occurs outside of trials in the community and academic settings without the collection of much-needed data. Market forces will certainly shape future stroke therapy, but it is unclear whether the current combination of private and public funding for these endeavors is the best method of development. PMID:21646506

  1. Hybrid treatment of bullet embolism at the abdominal aortic bifurcation, complicated with thoracoabdominal aorta pseudoaneurysm and common iliac artery occlusion: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Bastos Metzger

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Embolization due to a firearm projectile entering the bloodstream is a rare event that is unlikely to be suspected during initial treatment of trauma patients. We describe and discuss a case of bullet embolism of the abdominal aortic bifurcation, complicated by a pseudoaneurysm of the thoracoabdominal aorta and occlusion of the right common iliac artery, but successfully treated using a combination of endovascular methods and conventional surgery.

  2. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair for complicated chronic type B aortic dissection in a patient on hemodialysis with recurrent ischemic colitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyazaki, Yuko; Furuyama, Tadashi; Matsubara, Yutaka; Yoshiya, Keiji; Yoshiga, Ryosuke; Inoue, Kentaro; Matsuda, Daisuke; Aoyagi, Yukihiko; Kato, Masaaki; Matsumoto, Takuya; Maehara, Yoshihiko

    2016-12-01

    We present a successful case of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for chronic Stanford type B aortic dissection (B-AD) with recurrent ischemic colitis. The patient was a 56-year-old woman with abdominal pain as the main complaint who had two operations previously: the total arch replacement 8 years ago and the Bentall 7 years ago for acute Stanford type A aortic dissection. Her abdominal pain worsened as her blood pressure became low during her hemodialysis treatment. An enhanced computed tomography scan was performed on the patient and showed chronic B-AD that occurred from the distal anastomotic part of the total arch graft to the bilateral common iliac arteries. The celiac artery and superior mesenteric artery (SMA) arose from the true lumen, and these were compressed by the expanded false lumen. Her complicated chronic B-AD was treated with the Zenith Dissection Endovascular System, and its procedure was performed as her proximal entry tear was covered by a proximal tapered Zenith TX2 stent graft, supplemented by a noncovered aortic stent extending across both renal arteries, the SMA, and the celiac artery. Seven days after this operation, enhanced computed tomography showed that the patient's true lumen was expanded and her blood flow to the true lumen and SMA was improved. On the other hand, her false lumen tended to be thrombosed. Consequently, she was discharged 10 days after the operation without any postoperative complications as she had no abdominal complaints even though she underwent hemodialysis three times per week after the operation. We believe that TEVAR supplemented by a noncovered aortic stent is an effective treatment, even for highly chronic B-AD in dialysis patients. PMID:27090121

  3. Computer-supported diagnosis for endotension cases in endovascular aortic aneurysm repair evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García, G; Tapia, A; De Blas, M

    2014-06-01

    An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a localized abnormal enlargement of the abdominal aorta with fatal consequences if not treated on time. The endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a minimal invasive therapy that reduces recovery times and improves survival rates in AAA cases. Nevertheless, post-operation difficulties can appear influencing the evolution of treatment. The objective of this work is to develop a pilot computer-supported diagnosis system for an automated characterization of EVAR progression from CTA images. The system is based on the extraction of texture features from post-EVAR thrombus aneurysm samples and on posterior classification. Three conventional texture-analysis methods, namely the gray level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM), the gray level run length matrix (GLRLM), the gray level difference method (GLDM), and a new method proposed by the authors, the run length matrix of local co-occurrence matrices (RLMLCM), were applied to each sample. Several classification schemes were experimentally evaluated. The ensembles of a k-nearest neighbor (k-NN), a multilayer perceptron neural network (MLP-NN), and a support vector machine (SVM) classifier fed with a reduced version of texture features resulted in a better performance (Az=94.35±0.30), as compared to the classification performance of the other alternatives. PMID:24721658

  4. The importance of expert feedback during endovascular simulator training.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Boyle, Emily

    2011-07-01

    Complex endovascular skills are difficult to obtain in the clinical environment. Virtual reality (VR) simulator training is a valuable addition to current training curricula, but is there a benefit in the absence of expert trainers?

  5. Primary Self-Expandable Nitinol Stent Placement in Focal Lesions of Infrarenal Abdominal Aorta: Long Term Results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose. To evaluate the technical and clinical success, safety and long term results of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty/self-expandable nitinol stent placement of infrarenal abdominal aorta focal lesions. Materials and Methods. Eighteen patients underwent PTA of focal atherosclerotic occlusive disease of distal abdominal aorta. Two symptomatic occlusions and 16 stenoses in 10 male and 8 female patients (mean age 68.2 years) were treated with primary self-expandable nitinol stent placement. Results. Primary self-expandable nitinol stent placement was technically successful in all 18 procedures; clinical success was achieved in 100% of patients. No complications associated with the procedure occurred. During the 49.4 months of mean follow up (range 3-96, 4 months) all treated aortic segments remained patent. Conclusions. Endovascular treatment (primary self-expandable nitinol stent placement) of focal atherosclerotic lesions of distal abdominal aorta is a safe method with excellent primary technical and clinical success rates and favourable Long term results

  6. Detection of thrombosis and restenosis in an endovascular stent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Junru; Weissman, Eric

    2002-05-01

    Endovascular stents that are implanted in an artery are often used in the interventional treatment of coronary artery disease. Its widespread applications are, however, limited by the development of subacute thrombosis (clot forming inside of the stent). Ex vivo experiments with pigs have shown that the broadband A-mode ultrasound is quite effective in detection thrombosis and restenosis in an endovascular stent. [Work supported by BFGoodrich and Noveon, Inc.

  7. [Endovascular repair of aortic aneurysm a paradigmatic shift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lönn, Lars Birger

    2008-01-01

    overall survival in EVAR patients with severe morbidity is not influenced since mortality in this group is mainly unrelated to the aneurysm. Endovascular repair is also a solid alternative in thoracic pathologies and aortic ruptures. Patient selection and follow-up in EVAR is mainly governed by vascular...... imaging, especially 3-D CT reconstructions. There is a need for an increased number of endovascular specialists in Denmark since an increasing number of patients are suitable for EVAR treatment Udgivelsesdato: 2008/3/10...

  8. Current endovascular management of the ischaemic diabetic foot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerassimidis, T; Karkos, C D; Karamanos, D; Kamparoudis, A

    2008-04-01

    Ischaemic diabetic foot ulcers pose a significant problem which is associated with a high likelihood of amputation. With the advent of endovascular surgery, the management of lower limb arterial lesions in the diabetic population has become more appealing. Coronary 0.014 monorail guide wires, appropriate sized angioplasty balloons and stents, and subintimal recanalisation, are all useful adjuncts and techniques to achieve revascularization. This article reviews the modern endovascular management of the diabetic foot. PMID:18923656

  9. Current endovascular management of the ischaemic diabetic foot

    OpenAIRE

    Gerassimidis, T; Karkos, CD; Karamanos, D; Kamparoudis, A

    2008-01-01

    Ischaemic diabetic foot ulcers pose a significant problem which is associated with a high likelihood of amputation. With the advent of endovascular surgery, the management of lower limb arterial lesions in the diabetic population has become more appealing. Coronary 0.014 monorail guide wires, appropriate sized angioplasty balloons and stents, and subintimal recanalisation, are all useful adjuncts and techniques to achieve revascularization. This article reviews the modern endovascular mana...

  10. Advances in the endovascular treatment of intracranial arteriovenous malformations

    OpenAIRE

    Tournade, Alain; Riquelme, Carlos

    2000-01-01

    The three treatment options for intracranial arteriovenous malformation are resection, endovascular embolization, and stereotactic radioneurosurgery, in rare cases, the malformation can be eradicated using only one of these options; most cases require a combination of the options, even all three. The most recent advances have been in interventional neuroradiology with the introduction of highdefinition 3D imaging and hyperselective intranidal endovascular embolization using rnicrocatheters an...

  11. Grieving Over Complications Associated with Neuro-Endovascular Treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Goto, K; Noda, M.

    2001-01-01

    Neuro-endovascular therapy is regarded as one of the greatest achievements of modern medicine because of its effectiveness and low-invasiveness in the treatment of difficult neurovascular diseases. On the other side of the coin however; occasionally complications may occur which not only have a profound neurological effect, but also have a severe effect on the vital prognosis. The nightmare of a neuro-endovascular therapist is a catastrophe resulting from a preventive treatment for an asympto...

  12. Salmonella aortitis treated with endovascular aortic repair: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Strahm Carol; Lederer Heidi; Schwarz Esther I; Bachli Esther B

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Introduction Salmonella is a typical cause of aortitis, which is associated with high morbidity and mortality. In infrarenal disease, besides open surgery, endovascular aortic repair as an alternative treatment has been reported. To the best of our knowledge, we report the first successful endovascular aortic repair documented by necropsy to date. Case presentation A 67-year-old Caucasian man presented with low back pain, fever and positive blood cultures for Salmonella Enteritidis. ...

  13. Angioedema hereditario: Tratamiento del ataque agudo en la Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Malbrán

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available En el mundo, el angioedema hereditario (HAE afecta a 1 de cada 50 000 personas. Produce episodios de angioedema cutáneo, abdominal y laríngeos que generan gran incapacidad. La mortalidad por la enfermedad oscila entre 15 y 50%. Aunque en Argentina un concentrado plasmático de C1 inhibidor (pdC1INH ha estado aprobado y disponible por décadas para el tratamiento del ataque agudo, solo 15 (26% de 58 pacientes había recibido pdC1INH alguna vez hasta el año 2008, y solo 2(3.4% lo usaban regularmente. Luego de la aprobación de los nuevos medicamentos para HAE, incluido el icatibant en Argentina y de la publicación de las guías terapéuticas, 42 (82% de 51 pacientes del grupo original tienen pdC1INH para tratar el próximo ataque. Sin embargo, 16 (18% de estos pacientes continúan sin acceso a la medicación y otros 15 (35.7% acceden a través de otro enfermo en forma espuria. Solo 12 (28.6% de los pacientes con el medicamento puede auto tratarse en su domicilio. La mejora en el acceso a la medicación es importante pero debe extenderse a todos los afectados y facilitarse el auto-tratamiento.

  14. Gore excluder device with the C3 delivery system for management of abdominal aortic aneurysm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morasch MD

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Cheong J Lee, Mark L Keldahl, Mark D MoraschDivision of Vascular Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USAAbstract: The GORE Excluder stent-graft is one of the currently available devices approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for use in endovascular aortic repair. Recently, a new delivery system modification has been applied to the Excluder device which allows repositioning of the stent-graft to adjust for accurate proximal landing and facilitate gate cannulation. In this review, we examine the Excluder device with the new C3 delivery system and its potential benefit in the management of abdominal aortic aneurysms.Keywords: gore excluder, abdominal aortic aneurysm, repair, C3 delivery system

  15. Endovascular treatment of splenic artery aneurysms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose. To assess the feasibility and effectiveness of endovascular treatment of splenic artery aneurysm (SAAs). Materials and methods. Between May 2000 and June 2003 we treated 11 true SAAs in 9 patients (7 females and 2 males; mean age 58 years), 8 saccular and 3 fusiform, 4 located at the middle tract of the splenic artery, 5 at the distal tract and 2 intra-parenchymal. The diagnosis was performed with colour-Doppler ultrasound and/or CT-angiography; 7 patients were symptomless, 1 had left hypochondriac pain, and 1 had acute abdomen caused by a ruptured SAA. Four SAAs were treated by micro coil embolisation of the aneurysmal sac with preservation of splenic artery patency; in 2 cases this was associated with transcatheter injection of N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate. Four cases were treated by endovascular ligature, with sectoral spleen ischaemia. One ruptured SAA received emergency treatment with splenic artery cyanoacrylate embolisation. Two intra-parenchymal SAAs were excluded, one by cyanoacrylate embolisation of the afferent artery and the other by transcatheter thrombin injection in the aneurysmal sac. Results. Technical success was observed in all cases (in 10/11 at the end of the procedure; in 1/11 at CT performed 3 days after the procedure). The follow-up (mean 18 months; range 6-36) was performed by colour-Doppler ultrasound and/or CT-angiography 3, 6 and 12 months after the procedure and subsequently once a year; the complete exclusion of the aneurysms was confirmed in 11/11 cases. The complications were: 4 cases of mild pleuritis; fever and left hypochondriac pain 1 day after the procedure (in the same 4 patients and in one other case); 5 cases of sectorial spleen ischaemia and 1 case of diffuse spleen infarction with partial revascularization by collateral vessels. No alteration of the levels of pancreatic enzymes was found; a transitory increase in platelet count occurred only in the patient with diffuse spleen infarction. Conclusions. Using different techniques, endovascular treatment is feasible in nearly all SAAs. It ensures good immediate and long term results, and no doubt presents some advantages in comparison to surgical treatment, as it less invasive and allows the preservation of splenic function

  16. [Abdominal penetrating trauma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kring, Søren; Helligsøe, Per; Kåg, Lise

    2009-06-22

    A 19-year-old female was brought to the Emergency Room as a trauma patient. During a tilting contest she fell off the horse and was penetrated by a spear used for tilting the ring. She was respiratorically as well as haemodynamically stable. The spear was supported but not removed by the paramedics. The spear penetrated the patient near the left iliac crest pointing at the heart. Further investigation at the Emergency Room is described briefly and guidelines for penetrating, impaled foreign bodies in the (thoraco)abdominal region are outlined. PMID:19671404

  17. Abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gefke, K; Schroeder, T V; Thisted, B; Olsen, P S; Perko, M J; Agerskov, Kim; Røder, O; Lorentzen, Jørgen Ewald

    1994-01-01

    The goal of this study was to identify patients who need longer care in the ICU (more than 48 hours) following abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery and to evaluate the influence of perioperative complications on short- and long-term survival and quality of life. AAA surgery was performed in 553......, 78% stated that their quality of life had improved or was unchanged after surgery and had resumed working. These data justify a therapeutically aggressive approach, including ICU therapy following AAA surgery, despite failure of one or more organ systems....

  18. Abdominal tuberculosis. A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arslan, A.; Ciftci, E.; Ceylan, N.; Metin, K.; Demirci, A. [Dept. of Radiology, Kocaeli Univ. (Turkey)

    1998-11-01

    Tuberculous involvement of the abdominal parenchymatous organs is usually a diffuse process. The macronodular form of hepatosplenic tuberculosis and focal involvement of the pancreas ar extremely rare. This report describes CT findings of abdominal parenchymatous organ involvement in a patient with pulmonary and vertebral tuberculosis. Although CT does not confirm a diagnosis of abdominal tuberculosis, it is a valuable examination that can support the diagnosis and define the extent of disease. (orig.)

  19. Abdominal Tuberculosis in Surgical Practise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.Rthapa,Meena Sidhu, H.L.Goswamy,Nasib C.Dirray

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Thirty patients of abdominal tuberculosis in the age grClip of20-40 years were analyzed. Majorityofthe cases had abdominal pain as the leading clinical presentation. A significant number ofpatientsalso had abdominal lump. Intestinal obstruction! perforation was present in 10 patients requiringsurgical intervention. Barium studies (done on 27 occasions had a positive rate of70%. All patients,where diagnosis of tuberculosis was confirmed, received three-drug anti-tubercular regimen Therewas no post-operative mortality.

  20. Evolution of endovascular stroke therapies and devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Adam N; Kansagra, Akash P; McEachern, James; Moran, Christopher J; Cross Iii, Dewitte T; Derdeyn, Colin P

    2016-03-01

    Acute ischemic stroke is caused by occlusion of a cerebral artery, resulting in loss of brain tissue and neurologic deficits. However, a portion of the ischemic brain can be salvaged if blood flow is restored within an appropriate time frame. The past year has seen the publication of five positive randomized controlled trials demonstrating substantial benefit of mechanical thrombectomy in select patients with large vessel cerebrovascular occlusion. This progress is related to several factors, but most importantly, dramatic improvements in speed and rates of recanalization with the latest generation devices. In this article, we review the evolution of endovascular acute ischemic stroke therapies and key design features of the most widely used devices. PMID:26781520

  1. Endovascular treatment of extracranial vertebral artery stenosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kocak, Burak; Korkmazer, Bora; Islak, Civan; Kocer, Naci; Kizilkilic, Osman

    2012-01-01

    Percutaneous angioplasty and stenting for the treatment of extracranial vertebral artery (VA) stenosis seems a safe, effective and useful technique for resolving symptoms and improving blood flow to the posterior circulation, with a low complication rate and good long-term results. In patients with severe tortuosity of the vessel, stent placement is a real challenge. The new coronary balloon-expandable stents may be preferred. A large variability of restenosis rates has been reported. Drug-eluting stents may be the solution. After a comprehensive review of the literature, it can be concluded that percutaneous angioplasty and stenting of extracranial VA stenosis is technically feasible, but there is insufficient evidence from randomized trials to demonstrate that endovascular management is superior to best medical management. PMID:23024840

  2. Endovascular treatment of extracranial vertebral artery stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burak Kocak

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Percutaneous angioplasty and stenting for the treatment of extracranial vertebral artery (VA stenosis seems a safe, effective and useful technique for resolving symptoms and improving blood flow to the posterior circulation, with a low complication rate and good long-term results. In patients with severe tortuosity of the vessel, stent placement is a real challenge. The new coronary balloon-expandable stents may be preferred. A large variability of restenosis rates has been reported. Drug-eluting stents may be the solution. After a comprehensive review of the literature, it can be concluded that percutaneous angioplasty and stenting of extracranial VA stenosis is technically feasible, but there is insufficient evidence from randomized trials to demonstrate that endovascular management is superior to best medical management.

  3. Endovascular Treatment of an Aortoiliac Tuberculous Pseudoaneurysm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report a rare case of a tuberculous mycotic aortoiliac pseudoaneurysm treated with an endovascular procedure and follow-up of 36 months. The patient was a white 72-year-old man with pulmonary tuberculosis and a former smoker with hypertension, chronic renal failure, and dyslipidemia. A computed tomographic scan of the abdomen and pelvis revealed a left paravertebral cavity with fluid content and involvement of vertebrae L2–L4. After a surgical repair attempt, the patient was treated with the implant of a bifurcated endoprosthesis. Because it is unlikely that any center has extensive experience in the management of this rare manifestation of the disease, we reviewed the literature for similar cases.

  4. Endovascular Treatment of an Aortoiliac Tuberculous Pseudoaneurysm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villegas, Miguel O.; Mereles, Alberto Perez; Tamashiro, Gustavo A.; Dini, Andres E.; Mollon, Ana P.; De Candido, Laura V.; Zelaya, Denis A.; Soledispa-Suarez, Carlos I.; Denato, Sergio; Tamashiro, Alberto; Diaz, Jose A., E-mail: joseantoniodiaz@hotmail.com [Hospital Nacional Prof. Alejandro Posadas, Department of Cardiology, Section of Hemodinamia (Argentina)

    2013-04-15

    We report a rare case of a tuberculous mycotic aortoiliac pseudoaneurysm treated with an endovascular procedure and follow-up of 36 months. The patient was a white 72-year-old man with pulmonary tuberculosis and a former smoker with hypertension, chronic renal failure, and dyslipidemia. A computed tomographic scan of the abdomen and pelvis revealed a left paravertebral cavity with fluid content and involvement of vertebrae L2-L4. After a surgical repair attempt, the patient was treated with the implant of a bifurcated endoprosthesis. Because it is unlikely that any center has extensive experience in the management of this rare manifestation of the disease, we reviewed the literature for similar cases.

  5. Nontraumatic abdominal emergencies: acute abdominal pain: diagnostic strategies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marincek, B. [Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Zurich, Raemistrasse 100, 8091 Zurich (Switzerland)

    2002-09-01

    Common causes of acute abdominal pain include appendicitis, cholecystitis, bowel obstruction, urinary colic, perforated peptic ulcer, pancreatitis, diverticulitis, and nonspecific, nonsurgical abdominal pain. The topographic classification of acute abdominal pain (pain in one of the four abdominal quadrants, diffuse abdominal pain, flank or epigastric pain) facilitates the choice of the imaging technique. The initial radiological evaluation often consists of plain abdominal radiography, despite significant diagnostic limitations. The traditional indications for plain films - bowel obstruction, pneumoperitoneum, and the search of ureteral calculi - are questioned by helical computed tomography (CT). Although ultrasonography (US) is in many centers the modality of choice for imaging the gallbladder and the pelvis in children and women of reproductive age, CT is considered to be one of the most valued tools for triaging patients with acute abdominal pain. CT is particularly beneficial in patients with marked obesity, unclear US findings, bowel obstruction, and multiple lesions. The introduction of multidetector row CT (MDCT) has further enhanced the utility of CT in imaging patients with acute abdominal pain. (orig.)

  6. Abdominal aortic aneurysms: virtual imaging and analysis through a remote web server

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neri, Emanuele; Bargellini, Irene; Vignali, Claudio; Bartolozzi, Carlo [University of Pisa, Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Pisa (Italy); Rieger, Michael; Jaschke, Werner [University of Innsbruck, Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Innsbruck (Austria); Giachetti, Andrea; Tuveri, Massimiliano [Center for Research and Study, Sardinia (Italy)

    2005-02-01

    The study describes the application of a web-based software in the planning of the endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). The software has been developed in the framework of a 2-year research project called Aneurysm QUAntification Through an Internet Collaborative System (AQUATICS); it allows to manage remotely Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) models of the abdominal aorta, derived from multirow computed tomography angiography (CTA) data sets, and to obtain measurements of diameters, angles and centerline lengths. To test the reliability of measurements, two radiologists performed a detailed analysis of multiple 3D models generated from a synthetic phantom, mimicking an AAA. The system was tested on 30 patients with AAA; CTA data sets were mailed and the time required for segmentation and measurement were collected for each case. The Bland-Altman plot analysis showed that the mean intra- and inter-observer differences in measures on phantoms were clinically acceptable. The mean time required for segmentation was 1 h (range 45-120 min). The mean time required for measurements on the web was 7 min (range 4-11 min). The AQUATICS web server may provide a rapid, standardized and accurate tool for the evaluation of AAA prior to the endovascular treatment. (orig.)

  7. Abdominal aortic aneurysms: virtual imaging and analysis through a remote web server

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study describes the application of a web-based software in the planning of the endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). The software has been developed in the framework of a 2-year research project called Aneurysm QUAntification Through an Internet Collaborative System (AQUATICS); it allows to manage remotely Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) models of the abdominal aorta, derived from multirow computed tomography angiography (CTA) data sets, and to obtain measurements of diameters, angles and centerline lengths. To test the reliability of measurements, two radiologists performed a detailed analysis of multiple 3D models generated from a synthetic phantom, mimicking an AAA. The system was tested on 30 patients with AAA; CTA data sets were mailed and the time required for segmentation and measurement were collected for each case. The Bland-Altman plot analysis showed that the mean intra- and inter-observer differences in measures on phantoms were clinically acceptable. The mean time required for segmentation was 1 h (range 45-120 min). The mean time required for measurements on the web was 7 min (range 4-11 min). The AQUATICS web server may provide a rapid, standardized and accurate tool for the evaluation of AAA prior to the endovascular treatment. (orig.)

  8. Capturing the essence of developing endovascular expertise for the construction of a global assessment instrument

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, Bo; Lönn, L; Schroeder, T V; Räder, S B E W; Ringsted, C

    2010-01-01

    To explore what characterises the development of endovascular expertise and to construct a novel global assessment instrument.......To explore what characterises the development of endovascular expertise and to construct a novel global assessment instrument....

  9. Tratamiento del paciente con artrosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Vargas Negrín

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available El manejo terapéutico del paciente con artrosis tiene como objetivo disminuir la sintomatología dolorosa e inflamatoria, mejorar la capacidad funcional del paciente y la aplicación de intervenciones terapéuticas eficaces y lo más seguras posibles. Un enfoque centrado en el paciente implica su participación activa en el diseño del plan terapéutico y en la toma de decisiones informadas oportunas en todas las etapas de la enfermedad. La educación terapéutica, la actividad física y el ejercicio terapéutico junto con el control de peso, en caso de sobrepeso u obesidad, constituyen el núcleo central del tratamiento. Los autocuidados individuales y por los familiares son fundamentales en el control del día a día del paciente. El uso de terapias físicas, ayudas técnicas (bastón, etc. y de fármacos tipo analgésicos simples, opioides y antiinflamatorios tiene evidencias demostradas en el control del dolor, mejora la funcionalidad y la calidad de vida del paciente y una clara recomendación de uso en el tratamiento de la artrosis. La cirugía conservadora y la de reemplazo articular se indican en los casos en los que no se logran los objetivos terapéuticos en casos concretos.

  10. Acne polimorfo: tratamiento con Implacen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rubén Pérez Armas

    1995-06-01

    Full Text Available Se realiza el estudio de 40 pacientes con acné polimorfo, los que fueron atendidos en la Consulta de Dermatología del Hospital Provincial Clinicoquirúrgico Docente "Celia Sánchez Manduley", en el período comprendido de enero de 1988 a diciembre de 1989. Se revisa la literatura médica sobre los diversos métodos y medicamentos utilizados en la terapéutica de esta dermatosis. Se describe el esquema de tratamiento empleado con implacén en 30 pacientes; los 10 restantes se trataron con placebo; se compara dicho esquema con los tradicionales y se observan mejores resultados con nuestro estudio. Se destaca la ausencia de recaídas, así como el resultado del tratamiento de acuerdo con el sexo.A study was performed in 40 patients presenting with polymorphic acne who were attended in the Dermatology Department of "Celia Sánchez Manduley" Clinicosurgical and Teaching Hospital from January, 1988 to December, 1989. A review of the literature was made seeking for the different methods and drugs used for the treatment of this dermatosis. The treatment schedule with the use of implacen in 30 patients is described. Such therapeutic schedule was compared with traditional ones and better results were observed with the use of implacen. The fact that there were no relapses is highlighted, as well as the result of treatment according to sex.

  11. Delayed endovascular treatment of descending aorta stent graft collapse in a patient treated for post- traumatic aortic rupture: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stegher Silvia

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We report a case of delayed endovascular correction of graft collapse occurred after emergent Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair (TEVAR for traumatic aortic isthmus rupture. Case presentation In 7th post-operative day after emergent TEVAR for traumatic aortic isthmus rupture (Gore TAG® 28-150, a partial collapse of the endoprosthesis at the descending tract occurred, with no signs of visceral ischemia. Considering patient's clinical conditions, the graft collapse wasn't treated at that time. When general conditions allowed reintervention, the patient refused any new treatment, so he was discharged. Four months later the patient complainted for severe gluteal and sural claudication, erectile disfunction and abdominal angina; endovascular correction was performed. At 18 months the graft was still patent. Discussion and Conclusion Graft collapse after TEVAR is a rare event, which should be detected and treated as soon as possible. Delayed correction of this complication can be lethal due to the risk of visceral ischemia and limbs loss.

  12. Doble tratamiento de conducto para Nahuel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amat, Adalberto

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available ResumenJaguar joven con fractura en ambos caninos inferiores con exposición de la pulpa. Presentaba al momento del tratamiento necrosis y gangrena pul la American Se realizó endodoncia (Tratamiento del conducto radicular bajo anestesia general inhalatoria, y posterior obturación.

  13. Endovascular treatment of head and neck arteriovenous malformations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dmytriw, A.A. [University Health Network, Joint Department of Medical Imaging, Toronto, Ontario (Canada); Ter Brugge, K.G.; Krings, T.; Agid, R. [Toronto Western Hospital, Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Medical Imaging, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

    2014-03-15

    Head and neck arteriovenous malformations (H and N AVM) are associated with considerable clinical and psychosocial burden and present a significant treatment challenge. We evaluated the presentation, response to treatment, and outcome of patients with H and N AVMs treated by endovascular means at our institution. Patients with H and N AVMs treated by endovascular means from 1984 to 2012 were evaluated retrospectively. These included AVMs involving the scalp, orbit, maxillofacial, and upper neck localizations. Patient's clinical files, radiological images, catheter angiograms, and surgical reports were reviewed. Eighty-nine patients with H and N AVMs (46 females, 43 males; 48 small, 41 large) received endovascular therapy. The goals of treatment were curative (n = 30), palliative (n = 34), or presurgical (n = 25). The total number of endovascular treatment sessions was 244 (average of 1.5 per patient). The goal of treatment was met in 92.1 % of cases. Eventual cure was achieved in 42 patients accounting for 58.4 % (52/89) of all patients who underwent treatment for any goal. Twenty-eight of these patients were cured by embolization alone (28/89, 31.4 %) of which 18 were single-hole AVFs. Twenty-four were cured by planned surgical excision after presurgical embolization (24/89, 27 %). Seven patients (7/89, 7.2 %) suffered transient and two (2/89, 2.2 %) permanent endovascular treatment complications. Endovascular treatment is effective for H and N AVMs and relatively safe. It is particularly effective for symptom palliation and presurgical aid. Embolization is curative mostly in small lesions and single-hole fistulas. In patients with large non-curable H and N AVMs, endovascular therapy is often the only palliative option. (orig.)

  14. Combined Endovascular and Microsurgical Management of Complex Cerebral Aneurysms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GaryKSteinberg, MD, PhD

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Cerebral aneurysms are associated with a 50% mortality rate after rupture and patients can suffer significant morbidity during subsequent treatment. Neurosurgical management of both ruptured and unruptured aneurysms has evolved over the years. The historical practice of using microsurgical clipping to treat aneurysms has benefitted in the last two decades from tremendous improvement in endovascular technology. Microsurgery and endovascular therapies are often viewed as competing treatments but it is important to recognize their individual limitations. Some aneurysms are considered complex, due to several factors such as aneurysm anatomy and a patient’s clinical condition. A complex aneurysm often cannot be completely excluded with a single approach and its successful treatment requires a combination of microsurgical and endovascular techniques. Planning such an approach relies on understanding aneurysm anatomy and thus should routinely include 3D angiographic imaging. In patients with ruptured aneurysms, endovascular coiling is a well-tolerated early treatment and residual aneurysms can be treated with intervals of definitive clipping. Microsurgical clipping also can be used to reconstruct the neck of a complex aneurysm, allowing successful placement of coils across a narrow neck. Endovascular techniques are assisted by balloons, which can be used in coiling and testing parent vessel occlusion before sacrifice. In some cases microsurgical bypasses can provide alternate flow for planned vessel sacrifice. We present current paradigms for combining endovascular and microsurgical approaches to treat complex aneurysms and share our experience in 67 such cases. A dual microsurgical–endovascular approach addresses the challenge of intracranial aneurysms. This combination can be performed safely and produces excellent rates of aneurysm obliteration. Hybrid angiographic operating-room suites can foster seamless and efficient complementary application of these two modalities.

  15. Abdominal aortic aneurysms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, Jes Sanddal

    2010-01-01

    5-year intervals. Two large RCTs have given clear indications of operation. Survivors of surgery enjoy the same quality of life as the background population, and only 2-5% of patients refuse an offer of surgery. Early detection seems relevant since the cardiovascular mortality is more than 4 times......Although the number of elective operations for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is increasing, the sex- and age-standardised mortality rate of AAAs continues to rise, especially among men aged 65 years or more. The lethality of ruptured AAA continues to be 80-95%, compared with 5-7% by elective....... The acceptance rate was 77%, and 95% accept control scans. Furthermore, persons at the highest risk of having an AAA attend screening more frequently. We found that 97% of the interval cases developed from aortas that initially measured 2.5-2.9 cm - i.e. approx. only 5% attenders need re-screening at...

  16. Abdominal Burkitt lymphoma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: As scarce information is available, in this research we have tried to describe the imaging findings of the Burkitt's lymphoma. Retrospective analysis of the clinical and imaging presentation of a 4 years old boy, is given. Biopsy confirmed the BL. Different imaging techniques were combined. The X-rays were negative. The US revealed a moderate hepatomegaly with multiple hypoechoic nodules and free fluid in the abdominal cavity. The CT showed the hepatomegaly as well as solid nodules in great number and different sizes(due to the densitometric behaviour and to post contrast enhancement), a scarce amount of ascites and a density increase of the mesentery fat. The MRI characterized and revealed in detail the US and the CT findings. The Burkitt's lymphoma is a rare entity; several methods are needed to approach the diagnosis. It represents a great clinical and imaging challenge. (author)

  17. Abdominal aortic aneurysms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, Jes S.

    2010-01-01

    ). The cost per life year gained was 157 euro [1,170 DKK] and the cost per QALY at 178 euro [1,326 DKK]. In all, the ethical dilemma of the prophylactic operation, and the limited psychological side effects seem not to outweigh the benefits of screening. Conclusively, we found that offering men aged 65......Although the number of elective operations for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is increasing, the sex- and age-standardised mortality rate of AAAs continues to rise, especially among men aged 65 years or more. The lethality of ruptured AAA continues to be 80-95%, compared with 5-7% by elective...... 5-year intervals. Two large RCTs have given clear indications of operation. Survivors of surgery enjoy the same quality of life as the background population, and only 2-5% of patients refuse an offer of surgery. Early detection seems relevant since the cardiovascular mortality is more than 4 times...

  18. CT of abdominal tuberculosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Intraabdominal tuberculosis (TB) presents with a wide variety of clinical and radiologic features. Besides the reported computed tomographic (CT) finding of high-density ascites in tuberculous peritonitis, this report describes additional CT features highly suggestive of abdominal tuberculosis in eight cases: (1) irregular soft-tissue densities in the omental area; (2) low-density masses surrounded by thick solid rims; (3) a disorganized appearance of soft-tissue densities, fluid, and bowel loops forming a poorly defined mass; (4) low-density lymph nodes with a multilocular appearance after intravenous contrast administration; and (5) possibly high-density ascites. The differential diagnosis of these features include lymphoma, various forms of peritonitis, peritoneal carcinomatosis, and peritoneal mesothelioma. It is important that the CT features of intraabdominal tuberculosis be recognized in order that laparotomy be avoided and less invasive procedures (e.g., laparoscopy, biopsy, or a trial of antituberculous therapy) be instituted

  19. Detecting endoleaks after endovascular AAA repair with a minimally invasive, implantable, telemetric pressure sensor: an in vitro study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Springer, Fabian; Pfeffer, Joachim-Georg; Schmitz-Rode, Thomas [RWTH Aachen University, Helmholtz-Institute for Biomedical Engineering, Applied Medical Engineering, Aachen (Germany); Schlierf, Roland; Schnakenberg, Uwe [RWTH Aachen University, Institute of Materials in Electrical Engineering I, Aachen (Germany); Mahnken, Andreas H. [RWTH Aachen University, Helmholtz-Institute for Biomedical Engineering, Applied Medical Engineering, Aachen (Germany); RWTH Aachen University, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital, Aachen (Germany)

    2007-10-15

    A feasibility study on a completely digital telemetric pressure sensor (TPS) to detect endoleaks was performed in an in vitro model of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). An endovascular-stented AAA silicone model with different types (I-III) and sizes (3-11 French) of endoleaks was created and pulsatile pressure was applied with physiological flow and pressure rates [mean intraaortic pressure (IAP): 95-130 mmHg] and different degrees of thrombosis of the aneurysm sac. Aneurysm sac pressure (ASP) was measured with the TPS and with wired pressure sensors (WPS) as a reference. Statistical analysis included paired t-test, Pearson's correlation analysis and Bland-Altman plots. After opening an endoleak, the mean ASP increased significantly (P < 0.0001) from 15 to almost 95% of the mean IAP depending on endoleak type and size. ASP could be measured accurately with the TPS and the WPS. The telemetric and wired ASP increase showed a high Pearson's correlation coefficient (r) for a non-thrombosed (r = 0.97) and a thrombosed (r = 0.96) aneurysm sac. In an in vitro silicone model, the newly designed telemetric pressure sensor was able to detect the occurrence of an endoleak in a non-invasive way and might be a valuable device for follow-up of endovascular AAA repair. (orig.)

  20. Endovascular Repair of a Type III Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Patient with Occlusion of Visceral Arteries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The successful endovascular repair of a type III thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) with the use of a tube endograft is reported. A 56-year-old male with a 6.4-cm type III TAAA, a 4.2-cm infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm, and chronic renal insufficiency presented with flank pain, nausea, acute anuria, and serum creatinine of 6.1 mg/dl. Acute occlusion of the left solitary renal artery was diagnosed and emergent recanalization with percutaneus transluminal angioplasty and stenting was performed successfully, with reversal of the serum creatinine level at 1.6 mg/dl. Further imaging studies for TAAA management revealed ostial occlusion of both the celiac artery (CA) and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) but a hypertrophic inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) providing retrograde flow to the aforementioned vessels. This rare anatomic serendipity allowed us to repair the TAAA simply by using a two-component tube endograft without fenestrations (Zenith; William Cook, Bjaeverskov, Denmark) that covered the entire length of the aneurysm, including the CA and SMA origins, since a natural arterial bypass from the IMA to the CA and SMA already existed, affording protection from gastrointestinal ischemic complications. The patient had a fast and uneventful recovery and is currently doing well 6 months after the procedure. To our knowledge, this is the first report in the English literature of successful endovascular repair of a TAAA involving visceral arteries with the simple use of a tube endograft

  1. Detecting endoleaks after endovascular AAA repair with a minimally invasive, implantable, telemetric pressure sensor: an in vitro study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A feasibility study on a completely digital telemetric pressure sensor (TPS) to detect endoleaks was performed in an in vitro model of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). An endovascular-stented AAA silicone model with different types (I-III) and sizes (3-11 French) of endoleaks was created and pulsatile pressure was applied with physiological flow and pressure rates [mean intraaortic pressure (IAP): 95-130 mmHg] and different degrees of thrombosis of the aneurysm sac. Aneurysm sac pressure (ASP) was measured with the TPS and with wired pressure sensors (WPS) as a reference. Statistical analysis included paired t-test, Pearson's correlation analysis and Bland-Altman plots. After opening an endoleak, the mean ASP increased significantly (P < 0.0001) from 15 to almost 95% of the mean IAP depending on endoleak type and size. ASP could be measured accurately with the TPS and the WPS. The telemetric and wired ASP increase showed a high Pearson's correlation coefficient (r) for a non-thrombosed (r 0.97) and a thrombosed (r = 0.96) aneurysm sac. In an in vitro silicone model, the newly designed telemetric pressure sensor was able to detect the occurrence of an endoleak in a non-invasive way and might be a valuable device for follow-up of endovascular AAA repair. (orig.)

  2. Cateteres intravenosos fraturados: retirada por técnicas endovasculares Intravenous catheter fragments: endovascular retrieval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Andrade

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: A colocação de cateter para acesso venoso central é uma prática médica cada vez mais comum, sendo a fratura e embolização de fragmentos do cateter raras, porém correspondem aos corpos estranhos intravasculares mais comuns. O objetivo é demonstrar nossa experiência na retirada desses corpos estranhos intravasculares utilizando técnicas endovasculares. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Análise retrospectiva dos últimos cinco anos permitiu a avaliação de dez casos consecutivos, com a idade variando entre nove meses e 67 anos. RESULTADOS: O procedimento foi realizado com sucesso em todos os casos, por diferentes técnicas, sem complicações. Os locais mais comuns de alojamento dos fragmentos foram átrio direito, veia cava superior e artéria pulmonar esquerda. A retirada desses corpos estranhos por técnicas endovasculares é procedimento relativamente simples quando comparado à alternativa cirúrgica, tendo sido utilizada com segurança e sucesso em inúmeros pacientes. Os dispositivos disponíveis mostraram-se bastante eficazes, sendo o laço o mais versátil. CONCLUSÃO: A alta taxa de sucesso com poucas complicações relatadas, mesmo em crianças, permite a afirmação que os corpos estranhos intravenosos devem ser extraídos por técnicas percutâneas sempre que possível. Contudo, a familiarização com as diversas técnicas é fundamental, permitindo combinações e modificações, adaptando-as à situação do caso.OBJECTIVE: Central venous access is an increasingly frequent procedure and intravenous catheter fractures and fragments embolization, although being rare, correspond to the most common intravascular foreign bodies. This study purpose is to show our experience in the removal of these foreign bodies, employing endovascular techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of ten consecutive cases in the last five years, including patients with ages ranging from 9 months to 67 years. RESULTS: The procedure was successfully performed in all the cases by means of different techniques and with no complication. Most common fragments lodgement sites were: right atrium, superior vena cava and left pulmonary artery. The retrieval of these foreign bodies by means of endovascular techniques is a relatively simple procedure when compared to the surgical alternative, and has been safely and successfully performed in countless patients. The available devices have proven quite effective and, among them, the loop snare is the most versatile. CONCLUSION: The high success rate with few complications reported, even in children, allows us to say that, whenever possible, percutaneous extraction of intravascular foreign objects should be performed. Notwithstanding, familiarization with the several techniques available is essential, allowing combinations and modifications according to each situation.

  3. Tratamiento ortodóncico de mordidas profundas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Magali Cruz Moreno

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN. El adecuado resalte vertical de los incisivos constituye un propósito importante del tratamiento ortodóncico, en relación con el logro de objetivos estéticos (exposición dental y la obtención de relaciones oclusales funcionales y estables a largo plazo. El desarrollo de un resalte vertical excesivo se denomina mordida profunda y es un hallazgo frecuente en ciertas discrepancias maxilo-mandibulares, como en las maloclusiones clase II división 2 de Angle. La corrección o camuflaje ortodóncico de la mordida profunda, puede lograrse con biomecánicas para extrusión de dientes posteriores, intrusión de dientes anteriores y labialización de incisivos. La elección de la mecánica depende de las características faciales, oclusales y funcionales particulares del paciente. El propósito de esta revisión es sintetizar los aspectos relacionados con el diagnóstico y el manejo ortodóncico de las mordidas profundas.

  4. Vascular interventional radiology. Current evidence in endovascular surgery. 2. ed.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cowling, Mark G. (ed.) [Univ. Hospital North Staffordshire, Stoke-on-Trent (United Kingdom). Dept. of Radiology

    2012-11-01

    Succinct chapters that will allow readers to identify quickly the information that they need. Ideally sized book for storage and use in the interventional suite. Contains sufficient detail for trainees in endovascular therapy/interventional radiology to gain a thorough grasp of the relevant issues. Fully updated to reflect recent advances. This new edition of Vascular Interventional Radiology: Current Evidence in Endovascular Surgery provides a thorough yet succinct and accessible review of the latest knowledge in the field of endovascular surgery. All chapters have been updated to reflect the advances that have occurred during the past five years, and new chapters are included on carotid artery stenting and day case intervention. The chapter on lower limb veno-occlusive disease has been expanded to include management of deep venous thrombosis. Among the other topics considered are the endovascular treatment options in different arterial territories, aneurysm repair techniques, and the management of venous stenosis and venous insufficiency. The aim throughout is to tackle issues of evidence-based practice in order to assist trainees and experienced practitioners in making and implementing treatment decisions. This book will be an invaluable source of information for both interventional radiologists and vascular surgeons with an interest in endovascular techniques.

  5. Endovascular reconstruction of aneurysms with a complex geometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Vipul; Parthasarathy, Rajsrinivas; Jha, Ajaya Nand

    2016-01-01

    Conventional endovascular coiling remains the mainstay of treatment for most aneurysms; however, it may not be suitable for aneurysms with a complex geometry and there remains the risk of recanalization. Aneurysms with an unfavorable morphology are difficult to treat through both endovascular and surgical means. Progress in endovascular technology has allowed for the emergence of newer strategies to treat aneurysms with a complex geometry. Better packing density in wide-necked and large aneurysms can be achieved through the balloon remodeling technique. Similarly, a self-expanding stent cannot only act as a scaffold that helps to retain coils but also aids in diverting the blood flow away from the aneurysm sac. Lately, focus has shifted from endosaccular occlusion to endoluminal reconstruction; flow diverters are being increasingly used to treat aneurysms with an unfavorable geometry. However, there is no clear consensus on the best endovascular management strategy in certain subset of aneurysms - large and giant internal carotid aneurysms, blister aneurysms, and fusiform/dissecting aneurysms of the vertebrobasilar artery. We present a review of literature and discuss the current evidence for the various endovascular strategies to treat complex aneurysms. PMID:26954964

  6. Computational modeling of an endovascular approach to deep brain stimulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teplitzky, Benjamin A.; Connolly, Allison T.; Bajwa, Jawad A.; Johnson, Matthew D.

    2014-04-01

    Objective. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) therapy currently relies on a transcranial neurosurgical technique to implant one or more electrode leads into the brain parenchyma. In this study, we used computational modeling to investigate the feasibility of using an endovascular approach to target DBS therapy. Approach. Image-based anatomical reconstructions of the human brain and vasculature were used to identify 17 established and hypothesized anatomical targets of DBS, of which five were found adjacent to a vein or artery with intraluminal diameter ≥1 mm. Two of these targets, the fornix and subgenual cingulate white matter (SgCwm) tracts, were further investigated using a computational modeling framework that combined segmented volumes of the vascularized brain, finite element models of the tissue voltage during DBS, and multi-compartment axon models to predict the direct electrophysiological effects of endovascular DBS. Main results. The models showed that: (1) a ring-electrode conforming to the vessel wall was more efficient at neural activation than a guidewire design, (2) increasing the length of a ring-electrode had minimal effect on neural activation thresholds, (3) large variability in neural activation occurred with suboptimal placement of a ring-electrode along the targeted vessel, and (4) activation thresholds for the fornix and SgCwm tracts were comparable for endovascular and stereotactic DBS, though endovascular DBS was able to produce significantly larger contralateral activation for a unilateral implantation. Significance. Together, these results suggest that endovascular DBS can serve as a complementary approach to stereotactic DBS in select cases.

  7. Percutaneous fenestration of intimal flap and endovascular stent placement for aortic dissection: 1 case report and reference review

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate the safety and effect of percutaneous fenestration of intimal flap (FIF) ad endovascular stent (ES) placement for aortic dissection. Methods: Male patient, 54 years old. DeBakey IIIb aortic dissection, tear of intimal flap situated at the beginning of descending aorta, developed to abdominal aorta and right iliac artery. The true lumen was 3 mm at narrowest location. Through femoral artery approach, percutaneous fenestration of intimal flap and ES placement are operated and four ES were placed. Results: The blood flow of aortic true lumen and branches were resumed. The true lumen raised to 12.3 mm at the narrowest location. The clinical symptoms vanished. Conclusion: Percutaneous fenestration and ES placement for aortic dissection feature little injure, high safety and efficacy. So, It is the first choice for certain aortic dissection

  8. Multimodal endovascular treatment for traumatic carotidcavernous fistula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZENG Tao

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available ?Abstract?Objective: To present our experience in treating traumatic carotid-cavernous fistula (TCCF by multimodal endovascular treatment. Methods: The management of 28 patients with TCCF between January 2004 and October 2012 in our hospital was retrospectively analyzed. According to imaging charateristics, 24 cases were categorized into Type I, 3 Type II and 1 Type III. Totally 30 endovascular treatments were performed: Type I TCCFs were obliterated via transvenous approach (7/25, or transarterial approach (18/25 including 6 by detachable balloon occlusion, 6 by microcoil embolization, 3 by Hyperglide balloon-assisted coil embo- lization and 3 by a combination of detachable balloon and coil embolization. Two patients were treated with closure of internal carotid artery (ICA. Type II TCCFs were treated with transvenous embolotherapy (2/3 or carotid artery com- pression therapy (1/3. The Type III patient underwent de- tachable balloon embolization. Results: Immediate postoperative angiography showed recovery in 26 cases. One recurrent TCCF was found 2 weeks after detachable balloon embolization, and then re- Chin J Traumatol 2013;16(6:334-338 obliterated by transarterial coils. Reexamination found bal- loon deflation and fistula recanalization in 1 patient one month after combination of detachable balloons and coil embolization, which was cured by a second treatment via transvenous approach. The immediate angiography revealed residual blood flow in 4 patients. Among them, 2 patients with delayed symptoms at follow-up needed a second treatment, 1 patient recovered after carotid artery compres- sion therapy, and the remaining patient’s symptoms disap- peared on digital subtraction angiography at five-month follow-up. CT angiography revealed anterior communicat- ing artery aneurysm in the patient who was treated with closure of ICA 4 years later. Conclusion: According to results of images, characteristics of the fistula and type of drainage, proper treatment approach and embolic material can maximally heal pathological changes, retain the ipsilateral ICA patency and reduce long-term complications. Key words: Carotid-cavernous sinus fistula; Embolization, therapeutic; Balloon occlusion

  9. Tratamiento endovascular de fístula aorto esofágica secundaria a cáncer de esófago: Caso clínico Endovascular treatment of aorto-esophageal fistula due to esophageal cancer: Report of one case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Bergoeing R

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma can spread locally to neighboring organs in the mediastinum. When it invades the aorta, the patient may develop an aorto esophageal fistula (AEF, complication that carries a high mortality rate. We report a 62-year-old male with stage IV esophageal carcinoma who, after chemo radiation treatment, developed an AEF. He was successfully treated with the use of an aortic endograft. The patient died 13 months later due to progression of his cancer, without evidence of sepsis or new bleeding episodes.

  10. The Burden of Hard Atherosclerotic Plaques Does Not Promote Endoleak Development After Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair: A Risk Stratification

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To objectify the influence of the atherosclerotic burden in the proximal landing zone on the development of endoleaks after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) or thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) using objective aortic calcium scoring (ACS). Materials and Methods: This retrospective observation study included 267 patients who received an aortic endograft between 1997 and 2010 and for whom preoperative computed tomography (CT) was available to perform ACS using the CT-based V600 method. The mean follow-up period was 2 ± 2.3 years. Results: Type I endoleaks persisted in 45 patients (16.9%), type II in 34 (12.7%), type III in 8 (3%), and type IV or V in 3 patients, respectively (1.1% each). ACS in patients with type I endoleaks was not increased: 0.029 ± 0.061 ml compared with 0.075 ± 0.1349 ml in the rest of the patients, (p > 0.05; Whitney–Mann U-Test). There were significantly better results for the indication “traumatic aortic rupture” than for the other indications (p < 0.05). In multivariate logistic regression analyses, age was an independent risk factor for the development of type I endoleaks in the thoracic aorta (Wald 9.5; p = 0.002), whereas ACS score was an independent protective factor (Wald 6.9; p = 0.009). In the abdominal aorta, neither age nor ACS influenced the development of endoleaks. Conclusion: Contrary to previous assumptions, TEVAR and EVAR can be carried out without increasing the risk of an endoleak of any type, even if there is a high atherosclerotic “hard-plaque” burden of the aorta. The results are significantly better for traumatic aortic.

  11. An unusual combination of a tuberculous aneurysm of the thoracic aorta and a degenerative aneurysm of the infrarenal abdominal aorta.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avaro, Jean-Philippe; Amabile, Philippe; Paule, Philippe; Peloni, Jean-Michel; Piquet, Philippe

    2011-07-01

    Tuberculous aneurysms of the aorta are rare and give rise to various issues related to their diagnosis and treatment. In this article, we report on an exceptional case concerning a patient who presented with a false tuberculous aneurysm of the thoracic aorta and a degenerative aneurysm of the infrarenal abdominal aorta concomitantly. A discussion on how we approached the diagnosis and devised a therapeutic strategy that allowed us to treat this dual aortic disease effectively has also been provided. The discussion includes details of the order of treatment and the choice between an endovascular and a surgical approach. PMID:21724110

  12. Linfangioma abdominal: Caso clínico Abdominal lymphangioma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignacia Torrealba A

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available El linfangioma abdominal es una patología poco frecuente, benigna que corresponde a una malformación congénita del desarrollo linfático mesentérico y/o retroperitoneal. Es más frecuente en población infantil. Objetivo: Reportar un caso con presentación atípica de linfangioma. Caso clínico: Paciente de 2 años varón, previamente sano, que se presenta con dolor abdominal, luego lipotimia y palidez generalizada tras recibir un masaje abdominal. Al examen físico se encontró una masa abdominal, sin hepatomegalia, esplenomegalia ni adenopatías palpables. Presentaba un hematocrito de 17,3%. La Ecografía mostró una gran masa retrope-ritoneal con áreas anecogénicas y septos vascularizados. La TAC mostró hallazgos similares: masa quísti-ca, lobulada probablemente determinada por linfangioma abdominal. Se realizó extirpación quirúrgica y la biopsia confirma el diagnóstico. Discusión: El linfangioma abdominal es una patología infrecuente en niños. La presentación clínica es variable, puede ser desde asintomático hasta presentarse con abdomen agudo. Se requiere estudio imagenológico para su evaluación preoperatoria. La ecografía y TAC tienen un importante rol diagnóstico, en localización, tamaño, anatomía circundante y posibles complicaciones.Abdominal lymphangioma is a rare benign congenital malformation of the mesenteric and/or retroperitoneal lymphatics, more frequent in pediatrics. Objective: To report a case with unusual clinical presentation of lymphangioma. Clinical Case: A two-year old boy previously health who presented with abdominal pain, lipothymia, and generalized pallor ensuing an abdominal massage. Abnormal findings included an abdominal mass and Ht of 17.3%. Sonogram showed a large retroperitoneal mass with anechogenic areas and vasculari-zed septi. CT scans showed similar results. Surgical removal and biopsy confirmed the diagnosis. Discusion: Abdominal lymphangioma is uncommon in children, presentation varies from asymptomatic to acute abdomen. Images are essential in diagnosis and pre-op studies.

  13. Abdominal aortic feminism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mortimer, Alice Emily

    2014-01-01

    A 79-year-old woman presented to a private medical practice 2 years previously for an elective ultrasound screening scan. This imaging provided the evidence for a diagnosis of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) to be made. Despite having a number of recognised risk factors for an AAA, her general practitioner at the time did not follow the guidance set out by the private medical professional, that is, to refer the patient to a vascular specialist to be entered into a surveillance programme and surgically evaluated. The patient became symptomatic with her AAA, was admitted to hospital and found to have a tender, symptomatic, 6 cm leaking AAA. She consented for an emergency open AAA repair within a few hours of being admitted to hospital, despite the 50% perioperative mortality risk. The patient spent 4 days in intensive care where she recovered well. She was discharged after a 12 day hospital stay but unfortunately passed away shortly after her discharge from a previously undiagnosed gastric cancer. PMID:25398912

  14. Endovascular stenting for treatment of vertebral arterial stenosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate our short-term results in endovascular treatment of symptomatic vertebral arterial stenosis with stents. Methods: Balloon-expanded stents were utilized to pass across the vertebral arterial stenosis, and then the balloons were inflated for the deployment of stents, outcoming with restoration of the stenosis to normal size. Results: Forty five patients presented with posterior circulation ischemic symptoms and refractory to medical therapy were undertaken with endovascular stenting, showing technically successful in forty three of them. The mean degrees of preoperative and postoperative stenosis were 75.7% and 10.3%, respectively. Follow up data showed disappearance of clinical symptoms in 35 patients, clinical improvement and stabilization in 2. There were no intimal dissection and distal embolization. Short-term follow-up angiogram revealed no restenosis and intimal hyperplasia. Conclusions: Endovascular stenting may be a favorable alternative for the treatment of vertebral arterial stenosis, but long-term follow-up is necessary

  15. Feasibility of endovascular and surface cooling strategies in acute stroke

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ovesen, Christian Hjerrild; Brizzi, M; Pott, F C; Thorsen-Meyer, H C; Karlsson, T; Ersson, A; Christensen, H; Norrlin, A; Meden, Per; Krieger, D W; Petersson, Jane

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is a promising treatment of stroke, but limited data are available regarding the safety and effectiveness of cooling methodology. We investigated the safety of TH and compared the cooling capacity of two widely used cooling strategies - endovascular and...... surface cooling. METHODS: COOLAID Oresund is a bicentre randomized trial in Copenhagen (Denmark) and Malmö (Sweden). Patients were randomized to either TH (33°C for 24 h) in a general intensive care unit (ICU) or standardized stroke unit care (control). Cooling was induced by a surface or endovascular......-based strategy. RESULTS: Thirty-one patients were randomized. Seven were cooled using endovascular and 10 using surface-based cooling methods and 14 patients received standard care (controls). 14 (45%) patients received thrombolysis. Pneumonia was recorded in 6 (35%) TH patients and in 1 (7%) control. 4 TH...

  16. Endovascular Intervention in the Treatment of Peripheral Artery Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Couto, Marian; Figueróa, Alejandro; Sotolongo, Antonio; Pérez, Reynerio; Ojeda, José Martinez

    2015-01-01

    Endovascular therapy has emerged as an essential part of the management we can offer patients suffering from peripheral arterial disease. The AHA/ACCF guidelines deemed ballon angioplasty as a reasonable alternative for patients with limb threatening lower extremity ischemia who are not candidates for an autologus venous graft. Endovascular treatment is most useful for the treatment of critical limb ischemia and should ensure adequate proximal flow before engaging in interventions of distal disease.To increase procedure success rate, a thorough diagnostic evaluation is fundamental. This evaluation must take into account amount of calcium, no flow occlusion, length of occlusion, and presence of collaterals. There are different tools and procedure techniques available. Among these are the medicated ballon angioplasty and atherectomy by laser or high-speed drill, among others. Further studies may consolidate endovascular intervention as a safe and effective management for patients with lower extremity arterial disease and possibly cause a change in the actual practice guidelines. PMID:26742196

  17. [Responding to Arterial Perforation during Endovascular Neurosurgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muraoka, Kenichiro; Tomita, Yosuke; Kuwahara, Ken; Takahashi, Yu; Okuma, Yu; Tanabe, Tomoyuki; Meguro, Toshinari; Hirotsune, Nobuyuki; Nishino, Shigeki

    2015-11-01

    During endovascular neurosurgery, various devices, such as catheters, are passed through the intracranial arteries to access target vessels;the arteries can thereby be perforated. Even though such incidents are serious and should be dealt with appropriately, few case reports or standard procedures have been published. Herein, we report two cases of arterial perforation that occurred recently in our hospital. In the first case, the patient had been treated preoperatively using feeder occlusion of an arteriovenous malformation;the microcatheter perforated the feeder, which branched from the middle cerebral artery. The feeder and perforation site were occluded by injection of n-butyl 2-cyanoacrylate(NBCA)through the same microcatheter, and complete hemostasis was thereby achieved. The second case occurred during an embolization of the middle meningeal artery(MMA)to treat a refractory chronic subdural hematoma;the microcatheter perforated a branch of the MMA. Both the perforation and the artery were embolized using platinum coils and by injecting NBCA, and hemostasis was achieved. Considering the anatomical and pathological properties of the injured vessels, favorable results were achieved with appropriate intervention. PMID:26549717

  18. Endovascular treatment of scalp cirsoid aneurysms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gupta A

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Scalp is the most common site of soft tissue arteriovenous fistulae and surgical excision has been the primary mode of treatment. Endovascular treatment has evolved as an alternative to the surgery. Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness of percutaneous direct-puncture embolization of cirsoid aneurysms. Materials and Methods: From January 1995 to December 2004, 15 patients underwent percutaneous direct-puncture embolization of cirsoid aneurysms. Plain X-ray, computerized tomography scan and complete selective cerebral angiogram were done in all. Seven patients had forehead lesions, four had temporal and the remaining four patients had occipital region cirsoid aneurysms. Lesions were punctured with 21-gauge needle and embolized with 20-50% cyanoacrylate-lipiodol mixture. Circumferential compression was applied during injection. Results: Post-embolization angiogram showed complete obliteration in 11 patients. The remaining four patients required adjunctive transarterial embolization with polyvinyl alcohol particles for complete lesion devascularization. Two patients had post procedure surgery for removal of disfiguring and hard glue cast. There were no major procedure-related complications. No patients had any recurrence in the follow-up. Conclusion: Percutaneous direct puncture embolization of cirsoid aneurysms is a safe and effective procedure. It can be effectively used as an alternative to surgery. Sometimes adjunctive transarterial embolization is also required to deal with deeper feeders.

  19. Reparación de hiperfibrosis abdominal secundaria a liposucción / Repair of hyperfibrosis secondary to abdominal liposuction

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    I., Fernández Sanza; R., Gómez García.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El desarrollo de hiperfibrosis secundaria a cualquier procedimiento quirúrgico es un problema que afecta al paciente que lo padece y al médico que le trata; puede tener resultados devastadores no solo sobre la estética, sino en casos extremos, también sobre la función. En el ámbito de la Cirugía Plá [...] stica, cuando la hiperfibrosis se desarrolla tras algún procedimiento estético y por ende 100 % electivo, al paciente le es difícil entender y aceptar la génesis de dicho problema y exige al cirujano una reparación rápida y satisfactoria, lo cual no siempre es fácil o incluso factible. En este artículo presentamos el caso de una paciente sometida a liposucción abdominal que, tras la aparición en el postoperatorio y posterior resolución de una seroma, sufrió una hiperfibrosis que deformó la zona; presentamos también nuestra propuesta de tratamiento y los resultados finales conseguidos. Hay que recalcar que cuando estos casos, afortunadamente no muy comunes, aparecen, la evolución suele ser tórpida y en ocasiones resistente a los protocolos de tratamiento habituales, lo que puede llevarnos a desarrollar estrategias poco convencionales y, que en un caso como el que presentamos, resultan bastante efectivas. Abstract in english The development of hyperfibrosis after any surgical procedure is a problem that affects the patient and the doctor who treated, and can have devastating results that affect not only the aesthetic but, in extreme cases, the function. In the field of Plastic Surgery, when hyperfibrosis develops in a c [...] osmetic procedure and therefore 100 % elective, the patient does not understand and accept the genesis of the problem and the surgeon is required to fast repair, but this is not always satisfactory, easy or even feasible. We present the case of a patient undergoing an abdominal liposuction complicated with postoperative seroma; after seromas resolution she developed hyperfibrosis that deformed the area. We also present our proposal for treatment and our final results. It´s important to remark that these cases are usually rresistible to standard treatment protocols, and sometimes leads us to develop unconventional strategies.

  20. Reconstrucción de las secuelas de la pared abdominal en pacientes con extrofia de cloaca Reconstruction of abdominal wall sequelae in patients with cloacal extrophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Iwanyk

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Los defectos abdominales congénitos de la línea media inferior, como la extrofia cloacal, se producen por fallos en el mesodermo entre la región umbilical y la membrana cloacal provocando severos defectos viscerales, musculares y óseos. Los reiterados intentos para la reconstrucción de los tractos intestinal y génitourinario en este tipo de malformaciones, pueden ocasionar secuelas graves en la pared malformada. La complejidad de esta malformación y los numerosos procedimientos a los que deben ser sometidos estos pacientes, requieren de un abordaje interdisciplinario desde el inicio del tratamiento y en cada una de las etapas reconstructivas a fin de evitar, al máximo, las lesiones de los tejidos abdominales para lograr, al final, una pared adecuada. Presentamos 2 casos de reconstrucción de la pared abdominal en sendos pacientes de sexo femenino con secuelas importantes de extrofia cloacal, utilizando tejidos expandidos, colgajos musculares y complementando el tratamiento en una de las pacientes con una malla protésica. En ambos casos, y a pesar de la falta de tejido provocada por la malformación y las secuelas de múltiples cirugías, obtuvimos un buen resultado funcional y estético.Abdominal congenital defects of the middle line have their origin in developmental faults of mesoderm between the umbilical region and the cloacal membrane, originating visceral, muscular and osseous defects in the abdominal wall. Repeated attempts to reconstruct the intestinal and genitourinary tract here and in other malformations, can cause serious sequeals in the previously deformed abdominal wall. We present 2 cases of abdominal wall reconstruction in patients with serious sequelae of cloacal extrophy. Complexity of this malformation calls for an interdisciplinary treatment to avoid the severe damage that may be caused during reconstructive attempts. In spite of lack of tissue because of the malformation and the sequelae of multiple surgeries we obtain a functional and aesthetic result thanks to the adequate utilization of the expanded tissue and of the remnant tissue complemented in one patient with a prosthetic mesh.

  1. Intra-abdominal tuberculous peritonitis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We report the case of a 15-year-old boy suffering from progressive dyspnea on exertion and painful abdominal protrusion. Final diagnosis of intra-abdominal tuberculosis (TB), including lymphadenopathy and abdominal abscess formation, was made following elective laparotomy. This type of disease is a rare manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. The imaging findings in unenhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI and laparoscopic images are presented. Differential diagnosis of abdominal abscess formation and other fungal or bacteriological infections, as well as the imaging findings of this type of lesion, are discussed. This case demonstrates that atypical manifestation of TB may remain unrecognized; thus, awareness of this kind of manifestation of tuberculosis may prevent patients from being subjected to inappropriate therapies. (orig.)

  2. Intra-abdominal tuberculous peritonitis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schneider, G.; Ahlhelm, F.; Altmeyer, K.; Kramann, B. [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital, Homburg (Germany); Hennes, P. [Dept. of Pediatrics, University Hospital, Homburg (Germany); Pueschel, W. [Dept. of Pathology, University Hospital, Homburg (Germany); Karadiakos, N. [Dept. of Pediatric Surgery, University Hospital, Homburg (Germany)

    2001-07-01

    We report the case of a 15-year-old boy suffering from progressive dyspnea on exertion and painful abdominal protrusion. Final diagnosis of intra-abdominal tuberculosis (TB), including lymphadenopathy and abdominal abscess formation, was made following elective laparotomy. This type of disease is a rare manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. The imaging findings in unenhanced and contrast-enhanced MRI and laparoscopic images are presented. Differential diagnosis of abdominal abscess formation and other fungal or bacteriological infections, as well as the imaging findings of this type of lesion, are discussed. This case demonstrates that atypical manifestation of TB may remain unrecognized; thus, awareness of this kind of manifestation of tuberculosis may prevent patients from being subjected to inappropriate therapies. (orig.)

  3. Frail Patient with Abdominal Pain

    OpenAIRE

    Elia, Fabrizio; Pagnozzi, Fiammetta; Busolli, Paolo; Aprà, Franco

    2010-01-01

    Volvulus is a frequent condition in patients presenting in the emergency department (ED) with abdominal pain. While cecal volvulus occurs more often in young patients, sigmoid volvulus is more common in elderly patients.

  4. Endovascular stent-graft excision and surgical aortic reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aydin, Unal; Kadirogullari, Ersin; Sen, Onur; Ersoy, Burak; Erkanli, Korhan; Bakir, Ihsan

    2016-05-01

    Endovascular aneurysm repair is being used more often and replacing open surgical repair as the treatment option for aortic aneurysm. Early results are better than those of open surgical repair, but the need for a second intervention is greater. Excision of a previously placed stent-graft by different surgical methods is very difficult and has high mortality and morbidity rates. We describe 3 patients who had previous endovascular aneurysm repair and were treated by an open surgical method with near total excision, leaving part of the stent-graft in the native aortic tissue. PMID:25742781

  5. Endovascular Treatment of an Aortic Traumatic Double Rupture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attinà, Domenico; Buia, Francesco; Russo, Vincenzo; Pilato, Emanuele; Lovato, Luigi; Bartolomeo, Roberto Di; Zompatori, Maurizio

    2015-01-01

    Traumatic thoracic aortic rupture is a life-threatening condition; aortic isthmus is the most common site of rupture, but in rare cases traumatic injury can localize elsewhere, such as at aortic arch or at the level of the diaphragm. In the past few years, endovascular treatment of traumatic aortic injury became a safe procedure, with lower mortality and complication, if compared with open surgery. We report a case of a 40-year-old-man admitted to emergency department after a violent car crash in which an aortic traumatic double rupture was successfully treated with two endovascular stent-grafts coverage. PMID:25859315

  6. Advances in endovascular treatment of critical limb ischemia.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Yan, Bryan P

    2011-04-01

    Critical limb ischemia (CLI) represents the most severe clinical manifestation of peripheral arterial disease. In the absence of timely revascularization, CLI carries high risk of mortality and amputation. Over the past decade, endovascular revascularization has rapidly become the preferred primary treatment strategy for CLI, especially for the treatment of below-the-knee disease. Advances in percutaneous devices and techniques have expanded the spectrum of patients with CLI who are deemed candidates for revascularization. This review will focus on advances in endovascular options for the treatment of CLI, in particular for below-the-knee disease.

  7. Abdominal wound closure: current perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Williams ZF; Hope WW

    2015-01-01

    Zachary F Williams, William W Hope Department of Surgery, South East Area Health Education Center, New Hanover Regional Medical Center, Wilmington, NC, USA Abstract: This review examines both early and late wound complications following laparotomy closure, with particular emphasis on technical aspects that reduce hernia formation. Abdominal fascial closure is an area of considerable variation within the field of general surgery. The formation of hernias following abdominal wall incisions con...

  8. Tratamiento de la osteonecrosis de cabeza femoral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Alvarez López

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica de actualización acerca del tratamiento de la osteonecrosis de cabeza femoral. El objetivo consiste en profundizar sobre los métodos de tratamiento en el estadio inicial y tardío. En el estadio inicial se hace referencia a la suspensión del apoyo, al tratamiento farmacológico, la oxigenación hiperbárica, la estimulación eléctrica y las perforaciones o trepanaciones de la cabeza femoral, mostrando en esta última resultados de diversos autores. En el tratamiento de las osteonecrosis en estadio avanzado o tardío se recomienda el uso de osteotomías, técnica de Merle D Aubigne; hemiartroplastia con copa, con prótesis parcial o artroplastia total de cadera.

  9. El tratamiento socioterapéutico sobre las empresas

    OpenAIRE

    Mertens de Wilmars, Charles

    2012-01-01

    El desarrollo de las ciencias humanas permite considerar como acción clínica la intervención sobre las organizaciones. El término socioterapia parece el mas adecuado para designar el conjunto de métodos que permiten llevar a cabo este tipo de tratamiento.

  10. Abdominal wall hernias: computed tomography findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abdominal hernias are a common clinical problem Clinical diagnosis of abdominal hernias can sometimes be challenging, particularly in obese patients or patients with previous abdominal surgery. CT scan of the abdomen allows visualization of hernias and their contents and the differentiation from other masses of the abdominal wall such as tumors, hematomas and abscesses. Moreover, CT may identify complications such as incarceration, bowel obstruction, volvulus and strangulation. This study illustrates the CT scan findings observed in different types of abdominal wall hernias. (author)

  11. Role of endovascular treatment in vascular injuries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To evaluate retrospectively the results, complications and follow-up of patients after endovascular treatment of vascular injuries. Methods: Fifty transcatheter embolisation procedures (TCE) were performed in 46 patients between 1999 and 2008 at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. Injuries in 14 (30.4%) patients were due to road traffic accident; iatrogenic in 13 (28%); accidental in 6 (13%). Firearms, bomb blasts and earthquake contributed to injuries in 8(17%), 4(8.8%) and 1(2.2%) patients respectively. All patients underwent angiography and had evidence of either active haemorrhage, pseudo-aneurysm, abnormal vascularity or arteriovenous fistula. Follow-up ranged from 1 day to 6 years with mean of 10.5 months. Medical record files, lab results and imaging reports were utilised for the study. Procedure was declared as technically successful when there was cessation of extravasation, occlusion of fistula or exclusion of pseudo-aneurysm in the post-embolisation angiograms. Treatment was deemed clinically successful if there was resolution of the indication for which the procedure was done. Results: Transcatheter embolisation was technically successful in occluding vascular lesions in all 46 (100%) patients. Lesions recurred in 4 (9%) patients who underwent initially successful TCE. These patients were treated effectively with repeated TCE. Three patients died during the same hospital stay and 3 patients died after being discharged from the hospital. All these patients were treated successfully with TCE and had factors other then TCE contributing to their mortality. Conclusion: Transcatheter embolisation for vascular injuries was found to be a satisfactory procedure, with low morbidity and mortality rates. (author)

  12. Subarachnoid hemorrhage with blister aneurysms: Endovascular management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swati Dayanand Chinchure

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Blister aneurysms of are rare lesions representing a real challenge for diagnosis and management. They typically show small size, hemispherical shape, fragile wall, broad neck, and are arising from non-branching sites of intracranial arteries. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all aneurysms treated at our institution. Seventeen patients (6 male, 11 female with 17 blister aneurysms were identified (mean age 53.3, range 41-63 years. Clinical, procedural, angiographic data as well as follow up data were evaluated. Results: All patients presented with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Majority of the blister aneurysms were located in ICA while 1 was located at posterior cerebral artery, 1 at vertebral and 1 involving basilar artery. All patients were treated using single or overlapping stents and if possible additional coiling. There was no intra-operative rupture. Good outcome (mrs 0-2 was seen in 14 patients. Poor clinical outcome (mrs 3-5 was seen in 2 patients due to vasospasm induced ischemic deficits at discharge, both of them improved on follow up (mrs 1 on follow up. There were 3 mortalities, One patient died of rebleeding while other 2 died due to SAH induced complications. Follow-up angiography was available in 16 patients (one patient died before follow up angiogram and revealed complete or near complete aneurysm occlusion in 11, incomplete obliteration in 1 and no change in 2 cases. Two cases showed post-treatment angiographic aneurysm recurrence. Both cases were managed with repeat coiling and overlapping stent placement. Conclusion: Endovascular management using single/overlapping stent and if possible coil placement is technically safe and feasible in blister aneurysms. Overlapping stents lead to better aneurysm occlusion than a single stent. Blister aneurysm in dorso-medial ICA showed higher tendency of continued growth/recurrence, higher incidence of clinical vasospasm and in these cases early angiographic follow-up is advisable. Repeat treatment should be considered promptly if necessary.

  13. The risk of endoleak following stent covering of the internal iliac artery during endovascular aneurysm repair

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aim: To investigate the risk of endoleak during endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) involving the distal common iliac artery (CIA) when the internal iliac artery (IIA) is covered without prior coil embolization. Materials and methods: Retrospective analysis of 145 (125 men, 20 women) consecutive EVAR cases. Clinical notes and radiological images were reviewed, and data collected on patient demographics, aneurysm morphology, covering of the IIA with or without embolization, presence of endoleaks, and patient symptoms relating to IIA ischaemia. Results: A total of 29 IIAs (10%) were covered in a total of 25 patients. Seven IIAs (24%) were embolized before stent covering (Embolization group), and 22 IIAs (76%) were covered only without embolization (Cover group). There was no statistically significant difference in the mean size of the abdominal aortic aneurysm diameter or CIA diameter between each group. No endoleaks from IIA retrograde filling were found in either group. Conclusion: The results of the present study do not support the traditional view that coverage of the IIA without prior embolization carries a high risk of endoleak, with no endoleaks seen in all 22 cases. Large-scale trials are required. However, the advent of branched-stenting techniques and the emergence of their success in long-term follow-up may preclude the former. - Highlights: • No EVAR endoleaks due to retrograde filling of the internal iliac artery (IIA). • No increased risk of endoleak with stent coverage of the IIA without embolisation. • Current evidence does not support traditional views

  14. Endovascular repair of direct carotid-cavernous fistula in Ehlers-Danlos type IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linfante, Italo; Lin, Eugene; Knott, Eric; Katzen, Barry; Dabus, Guilherme

    2015-01-01

    Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) type IV is a collagen vascular disease with an autosomal dominant inheritance caused by COL3A1 mutation. Patients with EDS type IV can present with organ rupture, spontaneous arterial dissections and ruptured aneurysms. Because of their propensity to form arterial dissections, aneurysms and rupture, they can develop carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) after minor trauma or spontaneously. In EDS, it has been reported that even conventional catheter diagnostic angiography may result in large artery dissections and vessel rupture. In addition, the treatment of CCF in EDS type IV can result in up to 59% mortality after initial treatment, of which 23% is attributed to direct complications of treatment. We present the case of a patient with EDS type IV who previously had spontaneous dissection and multiple pseudoaneurysms of both the iliac and femoral arteries and the distal abdominal aorta. Several years later the patient developed a direct type A CCF which was successfully treated with endovascular embolization using a transvenous approach with detachable coils. The literature pertaining to CCF in EDS type IV and its treatment is reviewed. PMID:24401479

  15. Bladder and rectal incontinence without paraplegia or paraparesis after endovascular aneurysm repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishioka, Naritomo; Kurimoto, Yoshihiko; Maruyama, Ryushi; Ujihira, Kosuke; Iba, Yutaka; Hatta, Eiichiro; Yamada, Akira; Nakanishi, Katsuhiko

    2016-12-01

    Spinal cord ischemia is a well-known potential complication of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), and it is usually manifested by paraplegia or paraparesis. We describe a case in which spinal cord ischemia after EVAR presented by isolated bladder and rectal incontinence without other neurological deficits. A 63-year-old woman presented with intermittent claudication secondary to an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), and a left common iliac artery obstruction, for which she underwent EVAR using an aorto-uniiliac (AUI) device and ilio-femoral artery bypass. On postoperative day 3, she developed urinary and fecal incontinence without signs of paraplegia or paraparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a hyper-intense signal in the spinal cord. She received hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) therapy and was discharged after 18 days when her urinary and fecal incontinence were almost resolved. This report suggests that spinal cord ischemia after EVAR for aortoiliac occlusive disease might present as bladder and rectal incontinence without other neurological manifestations. PMID:26943687

  16. How To Diagnose and Manage Infected Endografts after Endovascular Aneurysm Repair.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Setacci, Carlo; Chisci, Emiliano; Setacci, Francesco; Ercolini, Leonardo; de Donato, Gianmarco; Troisi, Nicola; Galzerano, Giuseppe; Michelagnoli, Stefano

    2014-12-01

    The prevalence of endograft infections (EI) after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is below 1%. With the growing number of patients with aortic endografts and the aging population, the number of patients with EI might also increase. The diagnosis is based on an association of clinical symptoms, imaging, and microbial cultures. Angio-computed tomography is currently the gold-standard technique for diagnosis. Low-grade infection sometimes requires nuclear medicine imaging to make a correct diagnosis. There is no good evidence to guide management so far. In the case of active gastrointestinal bleeding, pseudoaneurysm, or extensive perigraft purulence involving adjacent organs, an invasive treatment should always be attempted. In the other cases (the majority), when there is not an immediate danger to the patient's life, a conservative management is started with a proper antimicrobial therapy. Any infectious cavity can be percutaneously drained. Management depends on the patient's condition and a tailored approach should always be offered. In the case of a patient who is young, has a good life expectancy, or in whom there is absence of significant comorbidities, a surgical attempt can be proposed. Surgical techniques favor, in terms of mortality, patency, and reinfection rate, the in situ reconstruction. Choice of technique relies on the center and the operator's experience. Long-term antibiotic therapy is always required in all cases, with close monitoring of the C-reactive protein. PMID:26798744

  17. Abdominal neurenteric cyst

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    Radoje Colovi?, Marjan Micev, Miodrag Jovanovi?, Slavko Mati?, Nikica Grubor, Henry Dushan E Atkinson

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Neurenteric cysts are extremely rare congenital anomalies, often presenting in the first 5 years of life, and are caused by an incomplete separation of the notochord from the foregut during the third week of embryogenesis. They are frequently accompanied with spinal or gastrointestinal abnormalities, but the latter may be absent in adults. Although usually located in the thorax, neurenteric cysts may be found along the entire spine. We present a 24-year-old woman admitted for epigastric pain, nausea, vomiting, low grade fever and leucocytosis. She underwent cystogastrostomy for a loculated cyst of the distal pancreas at the age of 4 years, which recurred when she was at the age of 11 years. Ultrasound and computer tomography (CT scan revealed a 16 cm × 15 cm cystic mass in the body and tail of pancreas, with a 6-7 mm thickened wall. Laboratory data and chest X-ray were normal and spinal radiographs did not show any structural abnormalities. The patient underwent a complete cyst excision, and after an uneventful recovery, remained symptom-free without recurrence during the 5-year follow-up. The cyst was found to contain 1200 mL of pale viscous fluid. It was covered by a primitive single-layered cuboidal epithelium, along with specialized antral glandular parenchyma and hypoplastic primitive gastric mucosa. Focal glandular groups resembling those of the body of the stomach were also seen. In addition, ciliary respiratory epithelium, foci of squamous metaplasia and mucinous glands were present. The wall of the cyst contained a muscular layer, neuroglial tissue with plexogenic nerve fascicles, Paccini corpuscle-like structures, hyperplastic neuro ganglionar elements and occasional psammomatous bodies, as well as fibroblast-like areas of surrounding stroma. Cartilagenous tissue was not found in any part of the cyst. Immunohistochemistry confirmed the presence of neurogenic elements marked by S-100, GFAP, NF and NSE. The gastric epithelium showed mostly CK7 and EMA immunoexpression, and the respiratory epithelium revealed a CK8 and CK18 immunoprofile without CK 10/13 positive elements, though neither CEA or AFP positive cells were found. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an abdominally located neurenteric cyst with no associated spinal anomalies.

  18. Tratamento Endovascular dos Aneurismas de Artéria Poplítea / Endovascular Treatment of Popliteal Artery Aneurysms

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marilia G., Volpato; Patrick Bastos, Metzger; Maria Claudia, Folino; Fabio Henrique, Rossi; Samuel Martins, Moreira; Mohamed Hassan, Saleh; Nilo Mitsuru, Izukawa; Antonio Massamitsu, Kambara.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: Com os recentes avanços nas técnicas endovasculares e com o surgimento de endopróteses mais flexíveis, o tratamento das lesões aneurismáticas da artéria poplítea tem se tornado mais frequente. O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar os desfechos clínicos a curto e médio prazos do tratamento [...] de lesões aneurismáticas da artéria poplítea com o uso de endopróteses flexíveis. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo, longitudinal, realizado em dois centros, no período de janeiro de 2011 a fevereiro de 2014. Foram avaliados características populacionais, dados do procedimento e imagens radiológicas no seguimento médio de 1 ano, sendo obtidas as taxas de morbimortalidade, complicações e perviedade da endoprótese. Resultados: Treze pacientes do sexo masculino, com idade de 66 ± 9 anos, foram submetidos ao tratamento de aneurismas de artéria poplítea em 15 membros. Na avaliação do leito de deságue, a maior parte dos pacientes possuía pelo menos duas artérias da perna pérvias (92,3%). O implante do stent ocorreu no segmento médio em 57,1% e, no segmento distal da artéria poplítea, em 42,9% dos procedimentos. Foi possível realizar a revascularização da lesão-alvo em todos os casos, sendo que, em quatro membros, foi necessário o uso de dois stents. Foram utilizados 17 stents Viabahn® e 2 stents Multilayer®. Durante o seguimento de 12 meses, não ocorreram fraturas de stents. A taxa de perviedade primária foi de 53,3% e a de salvamento de membro de 100%. Conclusões: O tratamento endovascular do aneurisma de artéria poplítea demonstrou ser eficaz no seguimento de médio prazo. Abstract in english Background: With the recent advances in endovascular techniques and the emergence of more flexible endoprosthesis, the treatment of popliteal artery aneurysms has become more frequent. The objective of this study was to evaluate the short and mid-term clinical outcomes of the treatment of popliteal [...] artery aneurysms with the use of a flexible endoprosthesis. Methods: Retrospective longitudinal study conducted in two sites from January of 2011 to February of 2014. Populational characteristics, procedure-related data, and radiologic imaging were evaluated at a mean follow-up of 1 year. Morbidity and mortality rates, complication rates, and stent patency rates were obtained. Results: A total of 13 male patients, mean age 66 ± 9 years, were submitted to popliteal artery aneurysm treatment in 15 limbs. Run-off vessel evaluation showed that most patients had at least two patent arteries in the legs (92.3%). Stents were implanted in the middle segment in 57.1% and in the distal segment of the popliteal artery in 42.9% of the procedures. Target lesion revascularization was achieved in all of the cases and two stents were required in four limbs. Seventeen ViabahnTM and two MultilayerTM stents were used. During the 12-month follow-up there were no stent fractures. The primary patency rate was 53.3% and limb salvage rate was 100%. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of popliteal artery aneurysm was shown to be effective in the mid-term follow-up.

  19. Fine-motor skills testing and prediction of endovascular performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, Bo; Lönn, Lars; Schroeder, Torben V; Ringsted, Charlotte

    2013-01-01

    Performing endovascular procedures requires good control of fine-motor digital movements and hand-eye coordination. Objective assessment of such skills is difficult. Trainees acquire control of catheter/wire movements at various paces. However, little is known to what extent talent plays for novice...

  20. Embolization of a deep orbital varix through endovascular route

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Ravi Kumar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of the primary deep orbital venous varix treated by endovascular coil embolization procedure by transfemoral catheterization. This method of treatment has the advantage of image-guided localization of the pathology, real-time management and confirmation of the success of the procedure in the sitting.

  1. Mechanical Behavior of Fully Expanded Commercially Available Endovascular Coronary Stents

    OpenAIRE

    Tambaca, Josip; Canic, Suncica; Kosor, Mate; Fish, R. David; Paniagua, David

    2011-01-01

    The mechanical behavior of endovascular coronary stents influences their therapeutic efficacy. Through computational studies, researchers can analyze device performance and improve designs. We developed a 1-dimensional finite element method, net-based algorithm and used it to analyze the effects of radial loading and bending in commercially available stents. Our computational study included designs modeled on the Express, Cypher, Xience, and Palmaz stents.

  2. Endovascular Treatment of Traumatic Pseudoaneurysm Presenting as Intractable Epistaxis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To investigate the clinical efficacy of individual endovascular management for the treatment of different traumatic pseudo aneurysms presenting as intractable epistaxis. For 14 consecutive patients with traumatic pseudo aneurysm presenting as refractory epistaxis, 15 endovascular procedures were performed. Digital subtraction angiography revealed that the pseudo aneurysms originated from the internal maxillary artery in eight patients; and all were treated with occlusion of the feeding artery. In six cases, they originated from the internal carotid artery (Inca); out of which, two were managed with detachable balloons, two with covered s tents, one by means of cavity embolization, and the remaining one with parent artery occlusion. All of these cases were followed up clinically from six to 18 months, with a mean follow up time of ten months; moreover, three cases were also followed with angiography. Complete cessation of bleeding was achieved in all the 15 instances (100%) immediately after the endovascular therapies. Of the six patients who suffered from Inca pseudo aneurysms, one presented with a permanent stroke and one had an episode of rebleeding requiring intervention. In patients presenting with a history of cranio cerebral trauma, traumatic pseudo aneurysm must be considered as a differential diagnosis. Individual endovascular treatment is a relatively safe, plausible, and reliable means of managing traumatic pseudo aneurysms

  3. Characteristics and endovascular treatment of aneurysms of posterior cerebral artery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jian Wang

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : Aneurysms of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA are a distinct rarity and present with some peculiar morphologic features and specific clinical findings. These aneurysms can be managed endovascularly with good results. Objective : To evaluate the clinical features and endovascular management of PCA aneurysms. Material and Methods : Between 2000 and 2008, we treated 24 patients (14 male and 10 female; mean age: 36 years with PCA aneurysms. Clinical presentations, radiologic images, and endovascular management were reviewed. Results : There were 11 saccular aneurysms, including 4 giant or large aneurysms, and 13 dissecting aneurysms, including 11 giant or large aneurysms. Of the 24 patients, 13 presented with hemorrhage and 6 with neurologic deficits. Five patients presented with headaches without any neurologic deficits. Parent vessel occlusion was performed in 12 patients, selective coil embolization was performed in 11 patients, and 1 patient conservatively. Eighteen patients had a good recovery, 5 had a moderate disability (one with 1 visual deficit after the treatment related to hemorrhage, vasospasm, or infarction before aneurysm trapping, and 1 patient died because of rebleeding. The conservatively treated patient made a good recovery. Conclusion : PCA aneurysms have specific clinical characteristics compared with aneurysms located elsewhere. Endovascular technique can achieve good outcomes despite the aneurysmal site and size.

  4. Multiple Intracranial Aneurysms: Angiographic Study and Endovascular Treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Mont’alverne, F.; Tournade, A.; Riquelme, C.; Musacchio, M.

    2002-01-01

    We evaluate endovascular treatment (EVT) as an option to deal with multiple intracranial aneurysms(MA). From 1994 to 2001,24 patients underwent EVT for 59 MA. Patients were followed-up clinically and angiographically in a period ranging from 6 to 93 months (mean time of 22.2) and from 4 to 69 months (mean time of 19.3), respectively.

  5. The reference isodose length (RIL) in endovascular brachytherapy: physical aspects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In a forthcoming recommendation of the endovascular GEC ESTRO (European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology) working group terms and concepts are defined for prescribing, reporting and recording lengths (volumes) for endovascular brachytherapy. Following these recommendation the reference isodose length (RIL) is one of the most important parameter for treatment planning. It is defined as the vessel length at the reference depth (1 or 2 mm) enclosed by the 90 % isodose. The RIL is thus a physical parameter to characterize a source configuration and depends on active source length (ASL), nuclide, source design, and reference depth. RILs are determined by (i) Monte Carlo calculations (EGSnrc code) and (ii) film dosimetry (radiochromic films + special phantom) for three endovascular brachytherapy devices currently in clinical use (192Ir: 23 mm ASL, 32P: 40 mm ASL, 90Sr: 40 mm ASL). The calculated RIL at 2 mm distance from the source axis are 15.4 mm, 36.8 mm and 35.8 mm for the 192Ir, 32P, 90Sr sources, respectively. The results obtained with EGSnrc are in very good agreement with the measured longitudinal dose profiles. The reference isodose length (RIL) is a useful and essential parameter in endovascular brachytherapy treatment planning, which critically depends on source design. Monte Carlo methods are a valuable tool to calculate/verify the RIL of different devices at the respective reference depth. (author)

  6. Intrarenal pseudoaneurysm after percutaneous nephrolithotomy: angiotomographic assessment and endovascular management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. F. Massulo-Aguiar

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of intrarenal pseudoaneurysm of the right kidney after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL in supine position. Diagnosis was established by angiotomography with a 3-D reconstruction. Treatment was successfully achieved by endovascular occlusion using N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate.

  7. Detection of abdominal bleeding in blunt abdominal trauma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Arterial hemorrhage is the most serious immediate complication of blunt abdominal trauma. This paper discusses the detection and localization of active hemorrhage in nonpenetrating injury, as a modification of the technique using technetium-99m sulfur colloid to localize the site of active bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract. Any imaging protocol for suspected hepatosplenic injury can be easily modified to search for active intra-abdominal hemorrhage. The timely detection of unsuspected bleeding improves patient management by allowing the surgeon to reorder his or her treatment priorities. The early detection of clinically unsuspected intra-abdominal, retroperitoneal, or pelvic hemorrhage will identify those patients who may need more definitive diagnostic procedures, interventional angiography for control of bleeding, or surgical intervention. The 500,000-count view of the abdomen and pelvis can be easily incorporated into any existing trauma protocol using technetium-99m sulfur colloid, is of proven value, and adds little additional time to the study

  8. Endovascular treatment of thoracic aorta aneurysm and dissection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The aim is to give up to date information about modern endovascular treatment of aortic pathology Dissection and aneurysms of the aorta are life threatening condition requiring in most of the cases prompt surgical or endovascular treatment because of the poor natural evolution. Purpose: to assess the immediate and 1-year outcome of endovascular treatment in broad spectrum of acute and subacute aortic syndrome during the last 3 years (November 2012 - August 2015) in City Clinic (Sofia, Bulgaria). We performed endovascular treatment of 47 patients (43 men, 4 women) at average age 54 y. with dissection (24) and aneurysms (23) of the aortic arch and thoracic aorta (in 5 emergent treatment was performed for aortic rupture). All patients were treated with minimal surgical femoral approach. In 4 (9%) of them initial carotid to carotid bypass was performed in order to provide a sufficient landing zone for the endograft implantation.the last 9 patients (19%) were treated without general anesthesia with either deep sedation or epidural anesthesia. Results: In all patients successful endograft implantation was achieved. Additional stent-graft or open cell stent was implanted in 4 cases in order to centralize the flow in the compressed true lumen. In 5 cases additional vascular plug or large coil was delivered in the left subclavian arteryostium in order to interrupt retrograde aneurysm or false lumen filling. Complications: 30 days mortality-2.2%, neurologic disorders (4.4%). one year survival- 45 (90.5%). 3 and 6 mo control CT scan showed no migration of the graft in 100%, full false lumen isolation in 19 out of 24 dissections (80%) and aneurysm free of expansion in 20 out of 23 (86%), patent carotid bay-pass graft in 4 of 4 (100%). This one center study showed excellent immediate and 1 year clinical and device results from endovascular repair of potentially fatal disease. Endovascular treatment is a method of choice for broad spectrum of aortic pathology involving the arch and descending aorta. Endovascular treatment is a minimally invasive modern approach receiving higher level of evidence and indication class IB in the last clinical guidelines of the ESC

  9. The preparation of teaching simulation system of endovascular intervention

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To establish a teaching simulation system of endovascular intervention and to evaluate its application in clinical teaching practice. Methods: The vascular model, which had quite similar diameter and length to that of human arteries, was prepared with glass tubes of different diameters. Stainless steel tubes were cut and welded to manufacture the brackets of an operation bed and a C-arm, and then the above parts together with flat were assembled into the operation bed module. Fixed camera, computer and footswitch were assembled into the image module. The above three modules were integrated into the teaching simulation system of endovascular intervention. With the help of this system, the principal endovascular intervention manipulations were imitatively exercised. Results: The vascular model had the same proportions as in normal human subjects. The operation bed module could be moved in two dimensions. The image module could capture multiple and differently formatted images as well as dynamic images in different sizes. Also, this system carried the image-frozen function, which was just the same as last image hold function of DSA. This simulation system could imitate the basic manipulations of many kinds of endovascular interventions, such as the hepatic artery catheterization, carotid artery catheterization, the performing of looping-technique in uterine artery, etc. Conclusion: The simulation system can imitate many principal endovascular manipulations, and can distinctly display the relationship of the vascular anatomy and interventional instruments with their imaging shadows. Therefore, this simulation system has a promising prospect of being able to be used in the clinical teaching program concerning vascular interventional manipulations. (authors)

  10. Endovascular and surgical treatment of spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Andres, Robert H. [University of Berne (Switzerland). Department of Neurosurgery; University of Berne (Switzerland). Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology; Stanford University Medical Center, Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford, CA (United States); University of Berne (Switzerland). Inselspital; Barth, Alain [University of Berne (Switzerland). Department of Neurosurgery; Medical University of Graz, Department of Neurosurgery, Graz (Austria); University of Berne (Switzerland). Inselspital; Guzman, Raphael [University of Berne (Switzerland). Department of Neurosurgery; Stanford University Medical Center, Department of Neurosurgery, Stanford, CA (United States); University of Berne (Switzerland). Inselspital; Remonda, Luca; El-Koussy, Marwan; Schroth, Gerhard [University of Berne (Switzerland). Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology; University of Berne (Switzerland). Inselspital; Seiler, Rolf W.; Widmer, Hans R. [University of Berne (Switzerland). Department of Neurosurgery; University of Berne (Switzerland). Inselspital

    2008-10-15

    The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of patients with spinal dural arteriovenous fistulas (SDAVFs) that were treated with surgery, catheter embolization, or surgery after incomplete embolization. The study included 21 consecutive patients with SDAVFs of the thoracic, lumbar, or sacral spine who were treated in our institution from 1994 to 2007. Thirteen patients were treated with catheter embolization alone. Four patients underwent hemilaminectomy and intradural interruption of the fistula. Four patients were treated by endovascular techniques followed by surgery. The clinical outcome was assessed using the modified Aminoff-Logue scale (ALS) for myelopathy and the modified Rankin scale (MRS) for general quality of life. Patient age ranged from 44 to 77 years (mean 64.7 years). Surgical as well as endovascular treatment resulted in a significant improvement in ALS (-62.5% and -31.4%, respectively, p<0.05) and a tendency toward improved MRS (-50% and -32%, respectively) scores. Patients that underwent surgery after endovascular treatment due to incomplete occlusion of the fistula showed only a tendency for improvement in the ALS score (-16.7%), whereas the MRS score was not affected. We conclude that both endovascular and surgical treatment of SDAVFs resulted in a good and lasting clinical outcome in the majority of cases. In specific situations, when a secondary neurosurgical approach was required after endovascular treatment to achieve complete occlusion of the SDAVF, the clinical outcome was rather poor. The best first line treatment modality for each individual patient should be determined by an interdisciplinary team. (orig.)

  11. Mifepristona para tratamiento del fibroma uterino The use of Mifepristone for treatment of the uterine fibroma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josep Lluis Carbonell Esteve

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Evaluar la eficacia, seguridad y duración de la mejoría clínica en el tiempo de la administración de 5 vs. 10 mg diarios de mifepristona en el tratamiento del fibroma. MÉTODOS: Fueron aleatorizadas a recibir 5 ó 10 mg diarios de mifepristona oral durante 3 meses y fueron seguidas durante 6 meses después, 100 mujeres con fibromatosis uterina sintomática. Se calcularon los volúmenes del fibroma y del útero por ultrasonografía abdominal del útero al inicio, al final del tratamiento, 3 y 6 meses después. RESULTADOS: Al final del tratamiento el fibroma se redujo en 38,3 %, p < 0,001, y 47,5 %, p < 0,001, respecto del valor inicial en los grupos de 5 y 10 mg, respectivamente. El volumen del útero se redujo el 27 % (p = 0,001 y 25,1 % (p = 0,001, con respecto al inicio en los grupos de 5 y 10 mg, respectivamente. La prevalencia de los síntomas fue significativamente menor al final de tratamiento y 6 meses después. Seis meses después del tratamiento el tamaño del fibroma era 21,% y 19,% menor que el valor inicial en los grupos de 5 y 10 mg de mifepristona, respectivamente, y el volumen del útero era 2 % y 0,2,% menor que al inicio en los grupos de 5 y 10 mg, respectivamente. No hubo hiperplasia endometrial en ninguno de los grupos de tratamiento. CONCLUSIONES: La dosis de 5 mg tuvo similar eficacia que la de 10 mg y 6 meses después de concluido el tratamiento los tamaños del fibroma y del útero estaban cercanos a los valores pretratamiento, pero se mantenía una notable mejoría clínica.

  12. Abdominal radiation causes bacterial translocation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to determine if a single dose of radiation to the rat abdomen leads to bacterial translocation into the mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN). A second issue addressed was whether translocation correlates with anatomic damage to the mucosa. The radiated group (1100 cGy) which received anesthesia also was compared with a control group and a third group which received anesthesia alone but no abdominal radiation. Abdominal radiation lead to 100% positive cultures of MLN between 12 hr and 4 days postradiation. Bacterial translocation was almost nonexistent in the control and anesthesia group. Signs of inflammation and ulceration of the intestinal mucosa were not seen until Day 3 postradiation. Mucosal damage was maximal by Day 4. Bacterial translocation onto the MLN after a single dose of abdominal radiation was not apparently dependent on anatomical, histologic damage of the mucosa

  13. Abdominal actinomycosis mimicking acute appendicitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conrad, Robert Joseph; Riela, Steven; Patel, Ravi; Misra, Subhasis

    2015-01-01

    A 52-year-old Hispanic woman presented to the emergency department, reporting worsening sharp lower right quadrant abdominal pain for 3 days. CT of the abdomen and pelvis showed evidence of inflammation in the peritoneal soft tissues adjacent to an enlarged and thick-walled appendix, an appendicolith, no abscess formation and a slightly thickened caecum consistent with acute appendicitis. During laparoscopic appendectomy, the caecum was noted to be firm, raising suspicion of malignancy. Surgical oncology team was consulted and open laparotomy with right hemicolectomy was performed. Pathology reported that the ileocaecal mass was not a malignancy but was, rather, actinomycosis. The patient was discharged after 10 days of intravenous antibiotics in the hospital, with the diagnosis of abdominal actinomycosis. Although the original clinical and radiological findings in this case were highly suggestive of acute appendicitis, abdominal actinomycosis should be in the differential for right lower quadrant pain as it may be treated non-operatively. PMID:26611488

  14. Abdominal wall hernia and pregnancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, K K; Henriksen, N A; Jorgensen, L N

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE: There is no consensus as to the treatment strategy for abdominal wall hernias in fertile women. This study was undertaken to review the current literature on treatment of abdominal wall hernias in fertile women before or during pregnancy. METHODS: A literature search was undertaken in Pub......Med and Embase in combination with a cross-reference search of eligible papers. RESULTS: We included 31 papers of which 23 were case reports. In fertile women undergoing sutured or mesh repair, pain was described in a few patients during the last trimester of a subsequent pregnancy. Emergency surgery of...... incarcerated hernias in pregnant women, as well as combined hernia repair and cesarean section appears as safe procedures. No major complications were reported following hernia repair before or during pregnancy. The combined procedure of elective cesarean section and abdominal wall hernia repair was reported...

  15. Emergency diagnostic laparoscopy in abdominal trauma: a study of 41 patients Laparoscopia diagnóstica de urgencia en el traumatismo abdominal: un estudio en 41 pacientes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armando Fermín Álvarez Corcuera del Pera

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: laparoscopy is a test used in the patients with abdominal trauma with suspicion of intra-abdominal organic damage and an imminent surgical behavior. Objectives: to expose the results of the urgency laparoscopic diagnosis in the traumatic acute abdomen. Methods: an descriptive and retrospective study in patient with diagnosis of abdominal trauma to which were carried out urgency laparoscopy at the Hospital Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima", from january 2001 to december 2008, when not being possible to define injury of intra-abdominal viscera performing other tests. Inclusion and exclusion criterion were applied. Results: we study 41 patients with average of 39, 2 ± 7, 7 years. Most of the studied patients were in the age range from 31 to 40 years with 21 patients (51, 2 % the open abdominal trauma with 26 patients prevailed (63, 4 %. The masculine sex prevailed with 38 patients (92,7 % and as much the open trauma as the closed one were more frequent in this sex with 25 patients (96,2 % and 13 patients (86,7 % respectively. They didn't show visceral damage during the laparoscopy 93, 3 % of the patients with closed abdominal trauma by what the surgical treatment was avoided, the same as in the patients with open abdominal trauma which had a non penetrating damage in abdominal cavity (80, 8 %. Conclusion: laparoscopic diagnosis is a useful test in patients with abdominal trauma and it avoids a considerable number of unnecessary conventional surgical treatment.Fundamento: la laparoscopia es una prueba utilizada en pacientes con trauma abdominal que enfrentan la sospecha de lesión orgánica intra-abdominal para lo cual se requiere una conducta quirúrgica inminente. Objetivo: exponer los resultados de la laparoscopia diagnóstica de urgencia en traumatismos abdominales. Métodos: estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo en pacientes con diagnóstico de trauma abdominal a los cuales se les realizó laparoscopia de urgencia en el Servicio de Gastroenterología del Hospital “Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima” de Cienfuegos, entre los meses de enero del 2001 a diciembre del 2008. Se aplicaron criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Resultados: se estudian a 41 pacientes con una edad promedio de 39,2 ± 7,7 años. La mayor parte de los pacientes estudiados se encontraban en el rango de edad entre los 31 a 40 años, 21 pacientes (51,2 %, predominó el traumatismo abdominal abierto con 26 pacientes (63,4 %. El sexo masculino predominó con 38 pacientes (92,7 %, tanto el trauma abierto como el cerrado fueron más frecuentes en este sexo con 25 (96,2 % y 13 pacientes (86,7 % respectivamente. No mostraron lesión visceral durante la laparoscopia 93,3 % de los pacientes con trauma abdominal cerrado por lo que se evitó el tratamiento quirúrgico al igual que en los pacientes con traumatismos abdominales abiertos que tenían una lesión no penetrante en la cavidad abdominal (80,8 %. Conclusiones: la laparoscopia diagnóstica es una prueba útil en pacientes con trauma abdominal y evita un número considerable de laparotomías exploradoras innecesarias.

  16. Radiological evaluation of abdominal trauma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Simple abdomen film has played an important role in decision of emergency operations in patients with the abdominal trauma. Nowadays, it still acts as a primary and inevitable processes in emergency condition. At the Department of Radiology, Hanil Hospital, 70 patients, who were laparotomied due to penetrating or nonpernetraing abdominal trauma, were observed and analyzed with simple abdomen film after comparison with the operative findings. The results are as follows: 1. Most frequent age distribution was 10 to 39 years and marked 70%. Male was in 90% incidence. 2. Penetrating injury largely involved the small bowel and abdominal wall. Non-penetrating injury usually involved the spleen, small bowel, liver, kidney, pancreas, duodenum. 3. Single organ injury occurred in higher incidence at the small bowel and abdominal wall. Multiple organ injury occurred in higher incidence at the spleen, liver, kidney and pancreas. 4. Organ distribution was 26% in spleen, 22% in small bowel, 14% in liver, 11% in abdominal wall. 7% in pancreas, 7% in kidney. 5% in duodenum, 4% in GB and CBD, 2% in diaphragm, 2% in colon, and 1% in stomach. 5. The specific roentgen findings and their frequency which useful in differential diagnosis at abdominal trauma, were as follows: a) flank fluid; Detectable possibility was 71% in liver laceration, 69% in spleen laceration and 57% in pancreas laceration. b) ipsilateral psoas shadow obliteration; Detectable possibility was 57% in liver laceration, 57% in kidney laceration and 46% in spleen laceration. c) free air; Detactable possibility was 60% in duodenal perforation, and 36% in peroration of upper part of small bowel. d) Reflex ileus; Detectable possibility was 64% in small bowel, 50% in liver laceration and 35% in spleen laceration. e) rib fracture; Detactable possibility was 36% in liver laceration and 23% in spleen laceration. f) pleural effusion; Detectable possibility was 29% in liver laceration and 27% in spleen laceration

  17. Occupational Radiation Exposure During Endovascular Aortic Repair

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    PurposeThe aim of the study was to evaluate the radiation exposure to operating room personnel and to assess determinants for high personal doses during endovascular aortic repair.Materials and MethodsOccupational radiation exposure was prospectively evaluated during 22 infra-renal aortic repair procedures (EVAR), 11 thoracic aortic repair procedures (TEVAR), and 11 fenestrated or branched aortic repair procedures (FEVAR). Real-time over-lead dosimeters attached to the left breast pocket measured personal doses for the first operators (FO) and second operators (SO), radiology technicians (RT), scrub nurses (SN), anesthesiologists (AN), and non-sterile nurses (NSN). Besides protective apron and thyroid collar, no additional radiation shielding was used. Procedural dose area product (DAP), iodinated contrast volume, fluoroscopy time, patient’s body weight, and C-arm angulation were documented.ResultsAverage procedural FO dose was significantly higher during FEVAR (0.34 ± 0.28 mSv) compared to EVAR (0.11 ± 0.21 mSv) and TEVAR (0.06 ± 0.05 mSv; p = 0.003). Average personnel doses were 0.17 ± 0.21 mSv (FO), 0.042 ± 0.045 mSv (SO), 0.019 ± 0.042 mSv (RT), 0.017 ± 0.031 mSv (SN), 0.006 ± 0.007 mSv (AN), and 0.004 ± 0.009 mSv (NSN). SO and AN doses were strongly correlated with FO dose (p = 0.003 and p < 0.001). There was a significant correlation between FO dose and procedural DAP (R = 0.69, p < 0.001), iodinated contrast volume (R = 0.67, p < 0.001) and left-anterior C-arm projections >60° (p = 0.02), and a weak correlation with fluoroscopy time (R = 0.40, p = 0.049).ConclusionAverage FO dose was a factor four higher than SO dose. Predictors for high personal doses are procedural DAP, iodinated contrast volume, and left-anterior C-arm projections greater than 60°

  18. Occupational Radiation Exposure During Endovascular Aortic Repair

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sailer, Anna M., E-mail: anni.sailer@mumc.nl [Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC), Department of Radiology (Netherlands); Schurink, Geert Willem H., E-mail: gwh.schurink@mumc.nl [Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC), Department of Surgery (Netherlands); Bol, Martine E., E-mail: m.bol@maastrichtuniversity.nl; Haan, Michiel W. de, E-mail: m.de.haan@mumc.nl; Zwam, Willem H. van, E-mail: w.van.zwam@mumc.nl; Wildberger, Joachim E., E-mail: j.wildberger@mumc.nl; Jeukens, Cécile R. L. P. N., E-mail: cecile.jeukens@mumc.nl [Maastricht University Medical Centre (MUMC), Department of Radiology (Netherlands)

    2015-08-15

    PurposeThe aim of the study was to evaluate the radiation exposure to operating room personnel and to assess determinants for high personal doses during endovascular aortic repair.Materials and MethodsOccupational radiation exposure was prospectively evaluated during 22 infra-renal aortic repair procedures (EVAR), 11 thoracic aortic repair procedures (TEVAR), and 11 fenestrated or branched aortic repair procedures (FEVAR). Real-time over-lead dosimeters attached to the left breast pocket measured personal doses for the first operators (FO) and second operators (SO), radiology technicians (RT), scrub nurses (SN), anesthesiologists (AN), and non-sterile nurses (NSN). Besides protective apron and thyroid collar, no additional radiation shielding was used. Procedural dose area product (DAP), iodinated contrast volume, fluoroscopy time, patient’s body weight, and C-arm angulation were documented.ResultsAverage procedural FO dose was significantly higher during FEVAR (0.34 ± 0.28 mSv) compared to EVAR (0.11 ± 0.21 mSv) and TEVAR (0.06 ± 0.05 mSv; p = 0.003). Average personnel doses were 0.17 ± 0.21 mSv (FO), 0.042 ± 0.045 mSv (SO), 0.019 ± 0.042 mSv (RT), 0.017 ± 0.031 mSv (SN), 0.006 ± 0.007 mSv (AN), and 0.004 ± 0.009 mSv (NSN). SO and AN doses were strongly correlated with FO dose (p = 0.003 and p < 0.001). There was a significant correlation between FO dose and procedural DAP (R = 0.69, p < 0.001), iodinated contrast volume (R = 0.67, p < 0.001) and left-anterior C-arm projections >60° (p = 0.02), and a weak correlation with fluoroscopy time (R = 0.40, p = 0.049).ConclusionAverage FO dose was a factor four higher than SO dose. Predictors for high personal doses are procedural DAP, iodinated contrast volume, and left-anterior C-arm projections greater than 60°.

  19. CT appearances of abdominal tuberculosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, W.-K., E-mail: leewk33@hotmail.com [Department of Medical Imaging, St Vincent' s Hospital, University of Melbourne, Fitzroy, Victoria (Australia); Van Tonder, F.; Tartaglia, C.J.; Dagia, C. [Department of Medical Imaging, St Vincent' s Hospital, University of Melbourne, Fitzroy, Victoria (Australia); Cazzato, R.L. [Department of Radiology, Universita Campus Bio-Medico di Roma, Rome (Italy); Duddalwar, V.A. [Department of Radiology, Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California (United States); Chang, S.D. [Department of Medical Imaging, Vancouver General Hospital, University of British Columbia, British Columbia (Canada)

    2012-06-15

    The purpose of this article is to review and illustrate the spectrum of computed tomography (CT) appearances of abdominal tuberculosis. Tuberculosis can affect any organ or tissue in the abdomen, and can be mistaken for other inflammatory or neoplastic conditions. The most common sites of tuberculosis in the abdomen include lymph nodes, genitourinary tract, peritoneal cavity and gastrointestinal tract. The liver, spleen, biliary tract, pancreas and adrenals are rarely affected, but are more likely in HIV-seropositive patients and in miliary tuberculosis. This article should alert the radiologist to consider abdominal tuberculosis in the correct clinical setting to ensure timely diagnosis and enable appropriate treatment.

  20. CT appearances of abdominal tuberculosis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this article is to review and illustrate the spectrum of computed tomography (CT) appearances of abdominal tuberculosis. Tuberculosis can affect any organ or tissue in the abdomen, and can be mistaken for other inflammatory or neoplastic conditions. The most common sites of tuberculosis in the abdomen include lymph nodes, genitourinary tract, peritoneal cavity and gastrointestinal tract. The liver, spleen, biliary tract, pancreas and adrenals are rarely affected, but are more likely in HIV-seropositive patients and in miliary tuberculosis. This article should alert the radiologist to consider abdominal tuberculosis in the correct clinical setting to ensure timely diagnosis and enable appropriate treatment.

  1. Abdominal tuberculosis and amoebic abscess

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A 26-years-old Indian male was admitted to hospital with loss of weight and vague abdominal pain of several weeks duration. Ultrasonography and computed tomography showed several expansive lesions near the pancreatic head, probably representing enlarged lymph nodes. A few milliliters of yellowish pus were aspirated by ultrasound guided aspiration. Microscopic examination of the pus showed trophozoits, and mycobacterium tuberculosis subsequently grew from the pus culture. Abdominal tuberculosis is a rare condition, particularly in the pancreas and the peripancreatic region. The report stresses the importance of considering the possible coexistance of more than one infectious disease in patients from endemic areas. 21 refs., 2 figs

  2. Hybrid-repair of thoraco-abdominal or juxtarenal aortic aneurysm: what the radiologist should know

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krauss, Tobias; Pfammatter, Thomas; Hechelhammer, Lukas; Marincek, Borut; Frauenfelder, Thomas [University Hospital Zurich, Department of Medical Radiology, Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, Zurich (Switzerland); Mayer, Dieter; Lachat, Mario [University Hospital Zurich, Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery, Zurich (Switzerland)

    2010-04-15

    Endovascular aneurysm repair of the infrarenal or thoracic aorta has been shown to be a less invasive alternative to open surgery. A combined aneurysm of the thoracic and abdominal aorta is complex and challenging; the involvement of renal and/or visceral branches requires new treatment methods. A hybrid approach is currently an accepted alternative to conventional surgery. Renal and/or visceral revascularisation enables subsequent stent-graft placement into the visceral portion of the aorta. Knowledge of the surgical procedure and a precise assessment of the vascular morphology are crucial for pre-procedural planning and for detection of post-procedural complications. Multi-detector computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) combined with two- and three-dimensional (2D and 3D) rendering is useful for pre-interventional planning and for the detection of post-procedural complications. Three-dimensional rendering allows proper anatomical analyses, influencing interventional strategies and resulting in a better outcome. With the knowledge of procedure-specific MDCTA findings in various vascular conditions, the radiologist and surgeon are able to perform an efficient pre-interventional planning and follow-up examination. Based on our experience with this novel technique of combined open and endovascular aortic aneurysm treatment, this pictorial review illustrates procedure-specific imaging findings, including common and rare complications, with respect to 2D and 3D post-processing techniques. (orig.)

  3. Endovascular aortic graft infection resulting in retroperitoneal abscess: report of a case

    OpenAIRE

    Salvatore Di Somma; Chiara Serena Gori; Michela Del Parco; Marco Alfano; Laura Magrini(INAF Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Italy); Enrico Ferri

    2010-01-01

    Infection is a rare complication of aortoiliac endovascular procedures, with an incidence inferior to 0.5%, and it may result in a retroperitoneal abscess potentially evolving to sepsis and gastrointestinal bleeding. In more than 50% of cases endovascular aortoiliac prosthetic grafts infection occur months or years after the procedure. The growing number of endovascular procedures, and as the actually midterm follow up in most cases, septic sequelae will no doubt continue to occur with increa...

  4. Comparison of arterial stiffness and microcirculatory changes following abdominal aortic aneurysm grafting.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Moloney, M A

    2012-02-01

    BACKGOUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery provides a unique opportunity to study the impact of arterial stiffness on central haemodynamics, reflected in augmentation index (AI). The aneurysmal aorta is significantly stiffer than undilated age-matched aorta. AIM: We investigated whether replacement of an aneurysmal aorta with a compliant graft would result in a decrease in AI, which would thus decrease myocardial workload parameters. METHODS: Patients undergoing elective open or endovascular AAA repair were assessed with applanation tonometry and laser fluximetry pre-operatively, immediately and long-term post-operatively. RESULTS: Replacement of a small segment of abnormal conduit vessel resulted in improvements in AI, demonstrating that arterial stiffness can be surgically manipulated. CONCLUSIONS: These results reflect a decreased myocardial workload post-aortic grafting. This decrease in AI is important from a risk factor management perspective, and arterial stiffness should become a further recognised and screened for risk factor in patients with known aneurysmal disease.

  5. Comparison of arterial stiffness and microcirculatory changes following abdominal aortic aneurysm grafting.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Moloney, M A

    2010-11-11

    BACKGOUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery provides a unique opportunity to study the impact of arterial stiffness on central haemodynamics, reflected in augmentation index (AI). The aneurysmal aorta is significantly stiffer than undilated age-matched aorta. AIM: We investigated whether replacement of an aneurysmal aorta with a compliant graft would result in a decrease in AI, which would thus decrease myocardial workload parameters. METHODS: Patients undergoing elective open or endovascular AAA repair were assessed with applanation tonometry and laser fluximetry pre-operatively, immediately and long-term post-operatively. RESULTS: Replacement of a small segment of abnormal conduit vessel resulted in improvements in AI, demonstrating that arterial stiffness can be surgically manipulated. CONCLUSIONS: These results reflect a decreased myocardial workload post-aortic grafting. This decrease in AI is important from a risk factor management perspective, and arterial stiffness should become a further recognised and screened for risk factor in patients with known aneurysmal disease.

  6. SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF A RARE CASE OF MARFAN SYNDROME - THE RUPTURE OF AN ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Stoica

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available We present a rare manifestation of the Marfan syndrome. A 33 years old woman with a 10 cm diameter juxta-renal aortic aneurysm ruptured in the retro peritoneum arrived in hemorrhagic shock. Surgery was performed in emergency by thoraco-phreno-laparatomy, the aneurysm was resected and a 20 mm Dacron tube was sutured between the origin of the renal arteries and the aortic bifurcation. Rapid thoracic aortic cross-clamping to stop the hemorrhage and good aneurismal exposure by the division of the left renal vein was the key of this successful management. The patient recovered without any complication. Rupture of the abdominal aortic aneurysm is a life threatening complication which requires a rapid diagnosis and an emergency treatment by open surgery or by endovascular stent grafting. We present the surgical strategy in our case

  7. Ten-Year Follow-Up of Endovascular Aneurysm Treatment with Talent Stent-Grafts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results, complications, and secondary interventions during long-term follow-up after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to investigate the impact of endoleak sizes on aneurysm shrinkage. From 1997 to March 2007, 127 patients (12 female, 115 male; age, 73.0 ± 7.2 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with Talent stent-grafts. Follow-up included clinical visits, contrast-enhanced MDCT, and radiographs at 3, 6, and 12 months and then annually. Results were analyzed with respect to clinical outcome, secondary interventions, endoleak rate and management, and change in aneurysm size. There was no need for primary conversion surgery. Thirty-day mortality was 1.6% (two myocardial infarctions). Procedure-related morbidity was 2.4% (paraplegia, partial infarction of one kidney, and inguinal bleeding requiring surgery). Mean follow-up was 47.7 ± 34.2 months (range, 0-123 months). Thirty-nine patients died during follow-up; three of the deaths were related to aneurysm (aneurysm rupture due to endoleak, n = 1; secondary surgical reintervention n = 2). During follow-up, a total of 29 secondary procedures were performed in 19 patients, including 14 percutaneous procedures (10 patients) and 15 surgical procedures (12 patients), including 4 cases with late conversion to open aortic repair (stent-graft infection, n = 1; migration, endoleak, or endotension, n = 3). Overall mean survival was 84.5 ± 4.7 months. Mean survival and freedom from any event was 66.7 ± 4.5 months. MRI depicted significantly more endoleaks compared to MDCT (23.5% vs. 14.3%; P 10% of the aneurysm area were associated with reduced aneurysm shrinkage compared to no endoleaks or <10% endoleaks (Δ at 3 years, -1.8% vs. -12.0%; P < 0.05). In conclusion, endovascular aneurysm treatment with Talent stent-grafts demonstrated encouraging long-term results with moderate secondary intervention rates. Primary occlusion of all aortic side branches reduced the incidence of large endoleaks. Large endoleaks significantly impaired aneurysm shrinkage, whereas small endoleaks did not.

  8. Ten-year follow-up of endovascular aneurysm treatment with Talent stent-grafts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitton, Michael B; Scheschkowski, Tobias; Ring, Markus; Herber, Sascha; Oberholzer, Katja; Leicher-Düber, Annegret; Neufang, Achim; Schmiedt, Walther; Düber, Christoph

    2009-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical results, complications, and secondary interventions during long-term follow-up after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to investigate the impact of endoleak sizes on aneurysm shrinkage. From 1997 to March 2007, 127 patients (12 female, 115 male; age, 73.0 +/- 7.2 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with Talent stent-grafts. Follow-up included clinical visits, contrast-enhanced MDCT, and radiographs at 3, 6, and 12 months and then annually. Results were analyzed with respect to clinical outcome, secondary interventions, endoleak rate and management, and change in aneurysm size. There was no need for primary conversion surgery. Thirty-day mortality was 1.6% (two myocardial infarctions). Procedure-related morbidity was 2.4% (paraplegia, partial infarction of one kidney, and inguinal bleeding requiring surgery). Mean follow-up was 47.7 +/- 34.2 months (range, 0-123 months). Thirty-nine patients died during follow-up; three of the deaths were related to aneurysm (aneurysm rupture due to endoleak, n = 1; secondary surgical reintervention n = 2). During follow-up, a total of 29 secondary procedures were performed in 19 patients, including 14 percutaneous procedures (10 patients) and 15 surgical procedures (12 patients), including 4 cases with late conversion to open aortic repair (stent-graft infection, n = 1; migration, endoleak, or endotension, n = 3). Overall mean survival was 84.5 +/- 4.7 months. Mean survival and freedom from any event was 66.7 +/- 4.5 months. MRI depicted significantly more endoleaks compared to MDCT (23.5% vs. 14.3%; P 10% of the aneurysm area were associated with reduced aneurysm shrinkage compared to no endoleaks or <10% endoleaks (Delta at 3 years, -1.8% vs. -12.0%; P < 0.05). In conclusion, endovascular aneurysm treatment with Talent stent-grafts demonstrated encouraging long-term results with moderate secondary intervention rates. Primary occlusion of all aortic side branches reduced the incidence of large endoleaks. Large endoleaks significantly impaired aneurysm shrinkage, whereas small endoleaks did not. PMID:19636615

  9. Investigation of the endovascularly treated and untreated unruptured vertebrobasilar artery aneurysms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Peizhuo, E-mail: pzzang@mail.cmu.edu.cn [Neurosurgery Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang (China); Liu, Jihui; Xu, Ke; Shi, Qiang; Wang, Yunjie [Neurosurgery Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang (China)

    2012-10-15

    Background and purpose: The present study aimed to investigate the endovascular indication with close monitoring of both endovascularly treated and untreated unruptured vertebrobasilar aneurysms. Materials and methods: In the past 2 years, 36 patients [7 women and 29 men with a mean age of 48.5 years (range, 13–75 years)] who had 40 unruptured vertebrobasilar artery aneurysms were reviewed. The decision of the endovascular treatment was not randomized. In both endovascularly untreated and treated patients, overall mortality and morbidity corresponding to Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) score III or worse was counted as unruptured aneurysm related event. The ratio of event free was compared between endovascularly treated and untreated patients using Log-rank test. In a univariate analysis, poor outcome was predicted by endovascularly untreated. Results: Thirty-six patients were followed with a mean period of 10.7 months (range, 0.7 months–21 months). In untreated cases, new neurological deficits caused by the aneurysm were noted in 2 cases. The annual deterioration rate of the untreated cases was 9.1%. In endovascularly treated cases, there was no mortality and morbidity. There was no SAH in all cases during follow-up period. When ratio of event free was compared, significant advantage of endovascular treatment was noted (X{sup 2} = 4.429, P = 0.035). Conclusions: The present results indicated that endovascular treatment has a benefit for the unruptured vertebrobasilar artery aneurysms.

  10. Endovascular therapy options in femoro-popliteal PAD; Endovaskulaere Therapieoptionen bei femoropoplitealer pAVK

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brechtel, Klaus [Universitaetsklinikum Tuebingen (Germany). Abt. fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie

    2010-09-15

    The endovascular treatment of femoro-popliteal PAD is still challenging. The number of endovascular procedures in this vessel segment has increased over the past years. Despite new technologies, the outcome of endovascular therapy in terms of durability is still weak. In the meantime, the latest developments are progressing, such as the combination of mechanical angioplasty and drug delivery. Additionally, there are former techniques, such as debulking by atherectomy, which have been technically improved and now contribute to modern concepts of endovascular treatment. This article provides an overview on treatment indications and technical options including the latest technical developments. (orig.)

  11. Standard of Practice for the Endovascular Treatment of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms and Type B Dissections

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) represents a minimally invasive technique alternative to conventional open surgical reconstruction for the treatment of thoracic aortic pathologies. Rapid advances in endovascular technology and procedural breakthroughs have contributed to a dramatic transformation of the entire field of thoracic aortic surgery. TEVAR procedures can be challenging and, at times, extraordinarily difficult. They require seasoned endovascular experience and refined skills. Of all endovascular procedures, meticulous assessment of anatomy and preoperative procedure planning are absolutely paramount to produce optimal outcomes. These guidelines are intended for use in quality-improvement programs that assess the standard of care expected from all physicians who perform TEVAR procedures.

  12. Virtual reality simulation for the optimization of endovascular procedures: current perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudarakanchana N

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Nung Rudarakanchana,1 Isabelle Van Herzeele,2 Liesbeth Desender,2 Nicholas JW Cheshire1 1Department of Surgery, Imperial College London, London, UK; 2Department of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Ghent University Hospital, Ghent, BelgiumOn behalf of EVEREST (European Virtual reality Endovascular RESearch TeamAbstract: Endovascular technologies are rapidly evolving, often requiring coordination and cooperation between clinicians and technicians from diverse specialties. These multidisciplinary interactions lead to challenges that are reflected in the high rate of errors occurring during endovascular procedures. Endovascular virtual reality (VR simulation has evolved from simple benchtop devices to full physic simulators with advanced haptics and dynamic imaging and physiological controls. The latest developments in this field include the use of fully immersive simulated hybrid angiosuites to train whole endovascular teams in crisis resource management and novel technologies that enable practitioners to build VR simulations based on patient-specific anatomy. As our understanding of the skills, both technical and nontechnical, required for optimal endovascular performance improves, the requisite tools for objective assessment of these skills are being developed and will further enable the use of VR simulation in the training and assessment of endovascular interventionalists and their entire teams. Simulation training that allows deliberate practice without danger to patients may be key to bridging the gap between new endovascular technology and improved patient outcomes.Keywords: virtual reality, simulation, endovascular, aneurysm

  13. Endovascular treatment for long-segment aortoiliac arterial occlusion:its technical skill and therapeutic effect

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aortoiliac arterial occlusion is the most common arterial occlusive disease. The therapeutic options include the basic treatment with the medication as the principal part, the establishment of a bypass through an open surgery and the newly-developed endovascular revascularization technique. With the advantages of endovascular management being deeply understood by the clinicians and patients, the endovascular revascularization technique has become the therapy of first choice for long-segment aortoiliac arterial occlusion. This paper aims to make a comprehensive review about the technical skill and therapeutic effect of the newly-developed endovascular revascularization technique. (authors)

  14. Economic costs of abdominal obesity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Højgaard, Betina; Olsen, Kim Rose; Søgaard, Jes; Sørensen, Thorkild I A; Gyrd-Hansen, Dorte

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: To examine the relationship between waist circumference and future health care costs across a broad range of waist circumference values based on individual level data. METHOD: A prospective cohort of 31,840 subjects aged 50-64 years at baseline had health status, lifestyle and socio-e...... potential for significant resource savings through prevention of abdominal obesity....

  15. Pancreatic insufficiency following abdominal irradiation.

    OpenAIRE

    Kingham, J G; A. Barrett

    1980-01-01

    A case is reported of pancreatic insufficiency following abdominal irradiation for Hodgkin's disease in a man aged 47 years. The effects of radiation on the pancreas are discussed. It is suggested that post irradiation steatorrhoea may have a pancreatic as well as an enteric cause.

  16. Dehydration related abdominal pain (drap)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To describe the frequency of dehydration as a medical cause of acute abdomen. Subjects and Methods: All the patients reporting with abdominal pain to the surgical outpatient department or the emergency department were reviewed in the study. The clinical findings in all these cases were studied along with the mode of their management and outcome. Results: Of all the patients presenting with abdominal pain, 3.3% (n=68) were suffering from dehydration related abdominal pain. They were predominantly males in a ratio of 8.7: 1, mostly in the 2nd and 3rd decades of their lives. All these cases were suffering from acute or chronic dehydration were provisionally diagnosed by general practitioners as 'acute abdomen' and referred for surgical consultation. Associated symptoms included vomiting in 42.6%, backache in 91.2%, headache in 95.6%, and pain in lower limbs in 97.1 % of the cases. 83.8% required indoor management with intravenous fluids. All the patients became asymptomatic with rehydration therapy. Conclusion: Dehydration is a possible cause of severe abdominal pain. There is a need to educate the general public about the benefits of adequate fluid intake. (author)

  17. Tratamientos psicologicos en la hipertension arterial

    OpenAIRE

    Lilia Mabel Labiano,; Claudia Brusasca

    2002-01-01

    En vista que las evidencias obtenidas acerca del beneticio percibido por los sujetos hipertensos leves con los tratamientos farmacológicos resultan conflictivas, se ha considerado importante para estos pacientes, la aplicación de intervenciones psicológicas y comportamentales. Se presentan en este trabajo, distintos tipos de tratamientos psicológicos que en los últimos años han demostrado su efectividad en la reducción de la presión arterial esencial. Se consideraron importantes para individu...

  18. Uso del parche de capsaicina 8% para el tratamiento del dolor por infusión de treprostinil subcutáneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. M. Trinidad

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: la HP (hipertensión pulmonar es una enfermedad poco prevalente (15 casos por 1 millón de habitantes, pero se trata de un proceso grave con una mortalidad muy elevada. El tratamiento se hace con treprostinil administrado por vía subcutánea. El principal efecto secundario que presenta es dolor e inflamación en el punto de infusión, obligando en muchos casos a la retirada del tratamiento. Presentamos un caso clínico de un paciente de 46 años diagnosticado de hipertensión pulmonar secundaria a VIH, que acude en tratamiento con treprostinil subcutáneo y que refirió intenso dolor en la zona de punción (zona abdominal periumbilical los primeros días (4-5 de la infusión, con una intensidad muy severa (VAS 9-10 que le obligó a estar encamado. Planteamos la posibilidad de tratamiento con parche de capsaicina 8% (Qutenza® de forma experimental, indicando al paciente su uso fuera de ficha técnica (off-label y firmando el consentimiento informado. Se realiza tratamiento previo durante una hora con crema EMLA, según protocolo, se delimita la zona abdominal periumbilical (lugar de punción y se administra parche durante una hora. Se observa posteriormente eritema en la zona de administración, sin más incidencia. Buena tolerancia del tratamiento y alta a domicilio. No existen publicaciones actualmente que hayan estudiado el uso de parche de capsaicina para tratar el dolor relacionado con la infusión de treprostinil s.c., por ello consideramos relevante la experiencia de este caso clínico. De este modo, creemos que, aunque pendiente de la validación por ensayos clínicos, el tratamiento con parches de capsaicina 8% (Qutenza® podría ser una alternativa válida a tener en cuenta en el control analgésico de los pacientes en tratamiento con treprostinil s.c., logrando de este modo la adherencia a dicho tratamiento y que más pacientes puedan beneficiarse de teprsotinil para el tratamiento de la HP.

  19. Unipuncture double-access method in emergent endovascular procedures

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hörer, Tal M; Hammo, Sari; Lönn, Lars; Skoog, Per; Larzon, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    We describe a technique to gain an additional endovascular access in acute situations in which a large-bore introducer is already inserted or in situations in which multiple accesses are impaired because of other reasons. Using an existing percutaneous femoral artery access, a second guide wire is...... inserted into the introducer, which is later withdrawn and applied onto one of the two guide wires. A double-wire access is then achieved. This access can be used, for example, for angiography or embolization catheters. This method might be useful in situations in which a quick and unplanned extra access...... is needed. It is, for example, applicable in hemodynamically unstable patients in whom percutaneous access can be difficult to obtain or in aortic endovascular procedures when an unplanned access is needed to insert an additional catheter for angiography and embolization....

  20. Endovascular treatment of an adolescent patient with ruptured intracranial aneurysm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The occurrence of intracranial aneurysms in pediatric patients under 18 years of age is between 0,5-2% of all diagnosed aneurysms. We describe our experience with a patient of 10 years old with subarachnoid hemorrhage due to ruptured trilobular aneurysm on the top of the basilar artery, evidenced by CT angiography and DSA. Powered been consistently excluded from the bloodstream of two lobules of the aneurysm through coiling. Changed conditions of hemodynamics in aneurysmal sac fed to subsequent selftrombosing the third lobe of the aneurysm. Made control angiography after 10 months confirmed the good result of endovascular treatment and no neurological deficit. In conclusion it can be noted that in present conditions with a multidisciplinary approach endovascular treatment can be applied in this group of patients. (authors) Key words: SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGIA. CEREBRAL VESSEL ANEURYSM. BASILAR CEREBRAL ARTERY. COIL EMBOLIZATION

  1. Bioresorbable Electronic Stent Integrated with Therapeutic Nanoparticles for Endovascular Diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Son, Donghee; Lee, Jongha; Lee, Dong Jun; Ghaffari, Roozbeh; Yun, Sumin; Kim, Seok Joo; Lee, Ji Eun; Cho, Hye Rim; Yoon, Soonho; Yang, Shixuan; Lee, Seunghyun; Qiao, Shutao; Ling, Daishun; Shin, Sanghun; Song, Jun-Kyul; Kim, Jaemin; Kim, Taeho; Lee, Hakyong; Kim, Jonghoon; Soh, Min; Lee, Nohyun; Hwang, Cheol Seong; Nam, Sangwook; Lu, Nanshu; Hyeon, Taeghwan; Choi, Seung Hong; Kim, Dae-Hyeong

    2015-06-23

    Implantable endovascular devices such as bare metal, drug eluting, and bioresorbable stents have transformed interventional care by providing continuous structural and mechanical support to many peripheral, neural, and coronary arteries affected by blockage. Although effective in achieving immediate restoration of blood flow, the long-term re-endothelialization and inflammation induced by mechanical stents are difficult to diagnose or treat. Here we present nanomaterial designs and integration strategies for the bioresorbable electronic stent with drug-infused functionalized nanoparticles to enable flow sensing, temperature monitoring, data storage, wireless power/data transmission, inflammation suppression, localized drug delivery, and hyperthermia therapy. In vivo and ex vivo animal experiments as well as in vitro cell studies demonstrate the previously unrecognized potential for bioresorbable electronic implants coupled with bioinert therapeutic nanoparticles in the endovascular system. PMID:25905457

  2. Endovascular stent implantation for the treatment of subclavian steal syndrome

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To discuss the application of intravascular stent implantation in the treatment of subclavian steal syndrome. Methods: Endovascular stent implantation was performed in thirteen patients with subclavian steal syndrome caused by severe stenosis of the proximal segment of subclavian artery (n=7) or by arterial occlusive lesions (n=6). Results: Self-expandable stent placement was successfully performed in all 13 patients. The pulse of the radial artery and the brachial artery returned to normal after the treatment. The retrograde blood flow in vertebral arteries disappeared and the subclavian steal phenomenon vanished. The retrograde brachial arteries puncture was employed in 4 patients with complete occlusion of subclavian artery. Conclusion: For subclavian steal syndrome, endovascular stent implantation is a safe, effective and minimally-invasive therapeutic method. (authors)

  3. The engineering of endovascular stent technology: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whittaker, David R; Fillinger, Mark F

    2006-01-01

    The evolution of minimally invasive endovascular technology has initiated a significant paradigm shift in the treatment of vascular disease. A fundamental understanding of the science and engineering behind the technology of endovascular stents is a key to their appropriate implementation in practice. Furthermore, the rapid influx of new devices into the field requires practitioners to make their decisions on a foundation of the relative strengths and weaknesses of the various products. Although the principles of their use are not complex, the device design can have a profound effect on the device's functionality. Shape, thickness, coating, material selection, and imaging are just a few of the factors to consider in stent design. Subtle differences may have profound results. This review is designed to provide the reader with an overview of fundamental concepts that will aide the assessment of new technology. PMID:16598355

  4. In vivo feasibility of endovascular Doppler optical coherence tomography

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Cuiru; Nolte, Felix; Cheng, Kyle H. Y.; Vuong, Barry; Lee, Kenneth K. C.; Standish, Beau A.; Courtney, Brian; Marotta, Thomas R.; Mariampillai, Adrian; Yang, Victor X. D.

    2012-01-01

    Feasibility of detecting intravascular flow using a catheter based endovascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) system is demonstrated in a porcine carotid model in vivo. The effects of A-line density, radial distance, signal-to-noise ratio, non-uniform rotational distortion (NURD), phase stability of the swept wavelength laser and interferometer system on Doppler shift detection limit were investigated in stationary and flow phantoms. Techniques for NURD induced phase shift artifact remov...

  5. Endovascular treatment of posterior cerebral artery aneurysms using detachable coils

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roh, Hong Gee [Kangwon National University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Chuncheon, Kangwon-do (Korea); Konkuk University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Seoul (Korea); Kim, Sam Soo; Han, Heon [Kangwon National University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Chuncheon, Kangwon-do (Korea); Kang, Hyun-Seung [Konkuk University Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Seoul (Korea); Moon, Won-Jin [Konkuk University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Seoul (Korea); Byun, Hong Sik [Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Center for Imaging Science, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea)

    2008-03-15

    Aneurysms of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) are rare, and most of the studies reported in the literature in which the endovascular approach was applied were carried out on a limited number of patients with PCA aneurysms. We retrospectively reviewed our cases of PCA aneurysms - at various locations and of differing shapes - that received endovascular treatment and evaluated the treatment outcome. From January 1996 to December 2006, 13 patients (eight females and five males) with 17 PCA aneurysms (nine fusiform and eight saccular) were treated using the endovascular approach. The age of the patients ranged from 20 to 67 years, with a mean age of 44 years. Of the 13 patients, ten presented with intracranial hemorrhage, and one patient, with a large P2 aneurysm, presented with trigeminal neuralgia; the aneurysms were asymptomatic in the remaining two patients. All 13 patients were successfully treated, with only one procedure-related symptomatic complication. Seven patients were treated by occlusion of the aneurysm and parent artery together; five patients, by selective embolization of the aneurysm; one patient, by partial coiling. Although infarctions were found in two patients treated with selective embolization and in three patients treated with parent artery occlusion, only one patient with a ruptured P2 aneurysm treated with parent artery occlusion developed transient amnesia as an ischemic symptom. Posterior cerebral artery aneurysms can be treated safely with either occlusion of the aneurysm together with the PCA or with a selective coil embolization. Infarctions may occur after endovascular treatment, but they are rarely the cause of a disabling symptom. (orig.)

  6. An overview of thin film nitinol endovascular devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shayan, Mahdis; Chun, Youngjae

    2015-07-01

    Thin film nitinol has unique mechanical properties (e.g., superelasticity), excellent biocompatibility, and ultra-smooth surface, as well as shape memory behavior. All these features along with its low-profile physical dimension (i.e., a few micrometers thick) make this material an ideal candidate in developing low-profile medical devices (e.g., endovascular devices). Thin film nitinol-based devices can be collapsed and inserted in remarkably smaller diameter catheters for a wide range of catheter-based procedures; therefore, it can be easily delivered through highly tortuous or narrow vascular system. A high-quality thin film nitinol can be fabricated by vacuum sputter deposition technique. Micromachining techniques were used to create micro patterns on the thin film nitinol to provide fenestrations for nutrition and oxygen transport and to increase the device's flexibility for the devices used as thin film nitinol covered stent. In addition, a new surface treatment method has been developed for improving the hemocompatibility of thin film nitinol when it is used as a graft material in endovascular devices. Both in vitro and in vivo test data demonstrated a superior hemocompatibility of the thin film nitinol when compared with commercially available endovascular graft materials such as ePTFE or Dacron polyester. Promising features like these have motivated the development of thin film nitinol as a novel biomaterial for creating endovascular devices such as stent grafts, neurovascular flow diverters, and heart valves. This review focuses on thin film nitinol fabrication processes, mechanical and biological properties of the material, as well as current and potential thin film nitinol medical applications. PMID:25839120

  7. Endovascular treatment for arterial injuries of skull base

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To explore the role of endovascular techniques in treatment for arterial injuries of skull base. Methods: A total of 53 consecutive cases suffered from skull base arterial injuries were enrolled in our hospital from Oct 2004 to May 2007, including 44 male and 9 female cases with average age of 23.3 years. Thirty-nine cases presented with pulsatile exophthalmos and intracranial vascular murmur, cerchnus and dysphagia in another 9, epistaxis in the remaining 5 cases. Diagnosis of 39 carotid cavernous fistulae (CCF)and 14 carotid pseudoaneurysm were performed by angiography (DSA). Alternative endovascular procedures were performed depending on lesions characteristics and follow-up was done by telephone and outpatient work up. Results: Procedures were performed involving 56 carotid arteries in all 53 cases including 34 CCF with embolization of detachable balloon(33 cases), 3 with balloon and coils, and 3 by stent-graft placement. 8 carotid pseudoaneurysms were cured by parent artery occlusion with balloon, 2 experienced endovascular isolation with balloon and coils, and 4 with stent-graft. Follow-up for mean 9.5 months (range from 2 to 25 months) revealed that the chief symptoms of 45 cases (85%) were relieved within 6 months after the procedure but ocular movement and visual disorder remained in 8 cases (15%)till 12 months. Six pseudoaneurysms and 3 residual leak were found in reexamination, of which 2 cases underwent intervention again 2 and 3 months later due to dural arterial-venous fistula in cavernous sinus, respectively. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment is safe and effective therapeutic option with minimal invasion for skull base arterial injuries. Detachable balloon embolization is the first choice for CCF and carotid pseudoaneurysm. Spring coil packing and stent-graft implantation should be in alternation as combination for special cases. (authors)

  8. Early experience of endovascular treatment of peripheral vascular disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is prevalent affecting up to 16% of the population aged 55 years or older. Endovascular intervention for the treatment of limb ischemia has become the first line therapy but in Pakistan it is in embryonic stage due to dearth of trained persons and dedicated centres. This study was conducted to evaluate procedural success and early outcome of endovascular treatment of peripheral vascular disease. Methods: A prospective single arm multicentre study was conducted at the National Institute of Cardiovascular Disease and National Medical Centre, Karachi, Pakistan from January 2013 to June 2014. A total of 25 patients were enrolled in the study that underwent endovascular treatment. Out of 25 patients 23 (92%) had critical limb ischemia (CLI) as per TASC II classification (A to D) and 2 (8%) had carotid lesion with history of TIA. Patients of acute limb ischemia and stroke were excluded. Ankle brachial index (ABI) was classified as normal (0.9-1.3), mild (0.7-0.9), moderate (0.4-0.69), severe (<0.4). Outcome was taken as immediate success and symptoms, amputation of limb among CLI patients and incidence of stroke in patients with carotid artery lesion at end of six months. Results: Among aortoiliac, femoropopliteal and tibioperoneal lesions, tibioperoneal lesions at six months were found to be more symptomatic 6 (86%) and amputation 4 (57%). Two carotid lesions at follow up were asymptomatic without stroke. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment of peripheral vascular lesions, i.e., aortoiliac, femoropopliteal tibioperoneal and carotid lesions were satisfactory in immediate outcome. Tibioperoneal lesions were more symptomatic and limb amputation at six months. (author)

  9. Idiopathic aneurysms of distal cerebellar arteries: endovascular treatment after rupture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Idiopathic ruptured aneurysms of distal cerebellar arteries (DCAAs) are rare, and their endovascular therapy (EVT) has as yet not been extensively reported. They are usually assumed to result from local arterial wall disruption rather than infection, unlike distal supratentorial artery aneurysms. This study was performed to audit their frequency, potential aetiology and results of EVT. Using strict inclusion criteria and a database of 1715 EVT patients, we identified ten idiopathic ruptured DCAAs (0.6%) over a 13-year period (1993-2006). The series comprised six males and four females with mean age of 64 years and solitary aneurysms located on posterior inferior cerebellar artery (five patients), anterior inferior cerebellar artery (three patients) and superior cerebellar artery (two patients). Nine aneurysms were fusiform and were treated by endovascular parent artery occlusion, and one was saccular and treated by endosaccular packing. Endovascular therapy was performed with coils in seven cases, n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) in two cases and with both in one case. Primary EVT was successful in eight patients. One patient died following a procedure-related re-bleeding and one patient required re-treatment after failed endosaccular packing. Nine patients made good or excellent clinical recoveries (modified Rankin Scale 2 or less). Focal cerebellar infarctions were seen on computed tomography images after EVT in three patients, only one of whom was symptomatic with transient dysmetria, which resolved completely during follow up. No aneurysm recanalisation was detected on late follow-up imaging up to 24 months. Ruptured DCAAs are rare. The majority are fusiform in shape and their aetiology remains uncertain. Endovascular treatment is feasible and effective. It usually requires parent artery occlusion. (orig.)

  10. Endovascular treatment of posterior cerebral artery aneurysms using detachable coils

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aneurysms of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) are rare, and most of the studies reported in the literature in which the endovascular approach was applied were carried out on a limited number of patients with PCA aneurysms. We retrospectively reviewed our cases of PCA aneurysms - at various locations and of differing shapes - that received endovascular treatment and evaluated the treatment outcome. From January 1996 to December 2006, 13 patients (eight females and five males) with 17 PCA aneurysms (nine fusiform and eight saccular) were treated using the endovascular approach. The age of the patients ranged from 20 to 67 years, with a mean age of 44 years. Of the 13 patients, ten presented with intracranial hemorrhage, and one patient, with a large P2 aneurysm, presented with trigeminal neuralgia; the aneurysms were asymptomatic in the remaining two patients. All 13 patients were successfully treated, with only one procedure-related symptomatic complication. Seven patients were treated by occlusion of the aneurysm and parent artery together; five patients, by selective embolization of the aneurysm; one patient, by partial coiling. Although infarctions were found in two patients treated with selective embolization and in three patients treated with parent artery occlusion, only one patient with a ruptured P2 aneurysm treated with parent artery occlusion developed transient amnesia as an ischemic symptom. Posterior cerebral artery aneurysms can be treated safely with either occlusion of the aneurysm together with the PCA or with a selective coil embolization. Infarctions may occur after endovascular treatment, but they are rarely the cause of a disabling symptom. (orig.)

  11. Newer endovascular tools: a review of experimental and clinical aspects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorenson, Thomas; Brinjikji, Waleed; Lanzino, Giuseppe

    2016-03-01

    The history of treatment of intracranial aneurysms dates back to the late 18th century. These early physicians largely based their crude techniques around "wire insertion alone, galvanopuncture (electrothrombosis), and fili-galvanopuncture (wire insertion together with electrothrombosis)," albeit with overwhelmingly unfavorable outcomes. By the end of the 20th century, treatment options progressed to include two highly effective, and safe, procedures: surgical clipping and endovascular coiling. These methods have been found to be effective treatments for a large portion of aneurysms, but there still exists a subset of patients that do not respond well to these therapies. While much progress has been made in stent-assisted coiling including the development of newer stents aimed at keep the coil ball from protruding into the parent vessel, the introduction of flow diverters has characterized a new phase in the endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms. This treatment paradigm is rapidly becoming the treatment of choice for large and complex aneurysms internal carotid artery. Intrasaccular flow diverters such as the Woven EndoBridge device (WEB) and Luna device are showing promise in the treatment of wide neck bifurcation aneurysms. Other newer devices including the pCONus Bifurcating Aneurysm Implant and Endovascular Clip Systems (eCLIPs) are showing promise in small clinical and preclinical studies. As technology improves, newer devices with ingenious designs are constantly being introduced into the clinical arena. Most of these devices try to address the limitations of traditional endovascular methods in regard to providing a safe and effective treatment of wide-necked bifurcation aneurysms. Several large prospective studies are underway and once completed, the role of these newer devices will be better defined. It is easy to anticipate that with advances in 3D techniques and printing, a future in which customized devices are designed based on the individual anatomy and morphology of the aneurysm in a given patient is within reach. PMID:26373669

  12. Effects of electrocautery to provoke endovascular thermal injury Efeitos do eletrocautério para provocar lesão térmica endovascular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Henrique Rossi

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of a new electrocautery device to provoke endovascular venous thermal injury. METHODS: An experimental endovascular electrocautery was placed inside eight ex-vivo bovine saphenous veins models. Each one was divided in eight segments and progressive intensities of electric energy liberated. The macroscopic and microscopic effects were analyzed. RESULTS: Forty bovine saphenous veins segments were studied. The higher the electric energy applied the greater the nuclear picnosis and more intense the cytoplasmatic shrinkage and electrocoagulation effects. CONCLUSION: The experimental endovascular electrocautery device demonstrated to be both capable of inducing the destruction of the intimal layers of the studied vein model and provoke endovascular thermal injury.OBJETIVO: Investigar os efeitos de um modelo experimental de eletrocautério em provocar lesão venosa térmica endovascular. MÉTODOS: O eletrocautério endovascular foi colocado dentro de oito modelos experimentais de veia safena bovina. Cada uma foi dividida em oito segmentos e intensidades progressivas de energia elétrica liberada. Os efeitos macroscópicos e microscópicos foram analisados. RESULTADOS: Foram estudados quarenta segmentos de veia safena bovina. Quanto maior a energia elétrica aplicada pelo eletrocauterizador endovascular maiores foram as alteraçoes de picnose nuclear e mais intensa a retração citoplasmática observada. CONCLUSÃO: O eletrocautério endovascular experimental demonstrou ser capaz de induzir a destruição da camada íntima e provocar lesão térmica endovascular.

  13. Tratamiento acortado estrictamente supervisado para tuberculosis pulmonar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alvarez-Gordillo Guadalupe del Carmen

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo. Evaluar la posibilidad de aplicar el tratamiento acortado estrictamente supervisado (TAES en el Programa de Control de la Tuberculosis en Chiapas, México. Material y métodos. Se evaluó la eficacia y la eficiencia del tratamiento en una cohorte de pacientes con tuberculosis pulmonar confirmada por baciloscopía, que ingresaron a tratamiento con esquemas de autoadministración semisupervisión y estricta supervisión, de enero a junio de 1996. Resultados. La eficacia fue de 90.9. 97.7 y 100% para los esquemas de tratamiento autoadministrado, semisupervisado y TAES, respectivamente, mientras que la eficiencia fue de 68.1. 77.6 y 88.5% en el mismo orden. Conclusiones. Para la salud pública el TAES demostró ser la actividad más importante en el control de la tuberculosis, al elevar las tasas de curación y disminuir, por lo tanto, las fuentes de transmisión de la enfermedad.

  14. Manejo y enfoque inicial del dolor abdominal en un paciente inmunosuprimido Management and initial work up of abdominal pain in an immunodepressed patient

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Héctor René Hazbón Nieto

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo describimos el caso de una paciente con abdomen agudo y antecedente de púrpura trombocitopénica idiopática, trasplante hepático y tratamiento inmunosupresor. Ante la duda diagnóstica, la paciente fue llevada a laparoscopia exploratoria encontrándose una apendicitis aguda. Presentamos el enfoque y manejo de la patología abdominal quirúrgica en pacientes con enfermedad autoinmune y tratamiento inmunosupresor exponeniendo las ventajas de la invasión mínima frente al procedimiento convencional.In this article we described the case of a patient with acute abdomen and previous history of idi-opathic thrombocytopenic purple, liver transplant and immunosuppressor treatment. Because of the doubt in the diagnosis, an exploratory laparoscopic was done and an acute appendicitis was found. We presented the initial surgical approach of abdominal pathology in patients with autoimmune disease and immunosuppressor treatment and also explain the advantages of the minimum invasion compared with conventional procedure.

  15. The Endovascular Management of Saccular Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Aneurysms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this retrospective study was to report the outcome of the endovascular treatment of eight patients with eight saccular posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) aneurysms. Over the last seven years (1999-2006), eight consecutive patients with saccular PICA aneurysms were treated by endovascular methods. Five of the aneurysms were presented with subarachnoid hemorrhaging, whereas three were discovered incidentally. Four of the aneurysms (3 ruptured and 1 incidental) were treated by intrasaccular coiling, whereas the remaining four (1 ruptured and 3 incidental) were treated by vertebral artery (VA) occlusion. Of the four aneurysms treated by intrasaccular coiling, three were completely packed with coils and one was partially packed. In three of four patients who underwent vertebral artery occlusions, follow-up digital subtraction angiographies demonstrated thrombosed aneurysms and PICA. No procedurerelated morbidity occurred and no re-bleed was encountered during a follow-up examination (mean; 31 months). As a result of this study, we found that the endovascular management of saccular PICA aneurysms should be considered as safe and effective

  16. [Surgical and endovascular treatment of lung arteriovenous malformations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parshin, V D; Biriukov, Iu V; Puretski?, M V; Parshin, V V; Ippolitov, L I; Khuan, Iu

    2013-01-01

    The article summarizes the experience of surgical treatment of 47 patients (1964-2012 yy) with lung arteriovenous malformations (LAVM). Men were 29, women - 18. Age varied from 6 to 49 years. 20 patients had solitary lung arteriovenous malformations, the rest 27 had multiple malformations. Before 1983 the main diagnostic means was the angiopulmonography, since that the multyspiral computed tomography has been used. Before 1980 all patients received major surgical treatment, i.e., lobectomy (n=29), pneumonectomy (n=1) and 1 explorative thoracotomy. After 1980 the endovascular embolisation under the X-ray control took the leading place among the treatment options for these patients. 11 patients had 17 embolisations; the lung resection was performed only in 3 cases. All negative outcomes (4 lethal and 8 complications) were registered before the 1980. The were no lethal outcomes after the endovascular embolisation; only 3 patients had complications. All patients demonstrated satisfactory and good outcomes, considering objective parameters and quality of life early and long after the endovascular embolisation. PMID:24300571

  17. Design and analysis of tactile optical sensor for endovascular surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qasaimeh, M. A.; Dargahi, J.; Kahrizi, M.; Packirisamy, M.

    2007-06-01

    In this paper, design and Finite Element analysis of a new tactile optical sensor for the measurement of contact-pressure and tissue compliance in endovascular surgeries are presented. Using Micro-Electro-Mechanical-Systems (MEMS) technology, this sensor can be fabricated and integrated with the medical tools for endovascular surgeries such as Catheter tool. The designed sensor is capable of detecting the magnitude of the applied forces, the pressure distribution on contact objects, and also estimating the compliance of the contact tissue. The designed sensor is made of three layers, the upper layer is fabricated from monocrystalline silicon to form silicon membranes, the middle layer which is the supporting element is fabricated from both silicon and silicone rubber as a soft material and the lower layer is a supporting Plexiglas substrate to connect the designed sensor to the optical fibers. Simulation results show that for the given contact forces, the magnitude and the distribution of contacting tissues pressure along with tissue compliance can be determined. This sensor as proposed is a good candidate for batch micromachining, which is yet another commercial advantage for this design. Because of its less expensive cost, the surgeon can use it as a disposal part of the endovascular tools, requiring no re-sterilization and reducing the cost of surgery.

  18. Endovascular Management of Iatrogenic Native Renal Arterial Pseudoaneurysms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: Our purpose was to evaluate iatrogenic renal pseudoaneurysms, endovascular treatment, and outcomes. Methods: This retrospective study (2003–2011) reported the technical and clinical outcomes of endovascular therapy for renal pseudoaneurysms in eight patients (mean age, 46 (range 24–68) years). Renal parenchymal loss evaluation was based on digital subtraction angiography and computed tomography. Results: We identified eight iatrogenic renal pseudoaneurysm patients with symptoms of hematuria, pain, and hematoma after renal biopsy (n = 3), surgery (n = 3), percutaneous nephrolithotomy (n = 1), and endoscopic shock-wave lithotripsy (n = 1). In six patients, the pseudoaneurysms were small-sized (<20 mm) and peripherally located and were treated solely with coil embolization (n = 5). In one patient, coil embolization was preceded by embolization with 500–700 micron embospheres to control active bleeding. The remaining two patients had large-sized (≥50 mm), centrally located renal pseudoaneurysms treated with thrombin ± coils. Technical success with immediate bleeding cessation was achieved in all patients. There were no procedure-related deaths or complications (mean follow-up, 23.5 (range, 1–67) months). Conclusions: Treatment of renal pseudoaneurysms using endovascular approach is a relatively safe and viable option regardless of location (central or peripheral) and size of the lesions with minimal renal parenchymal sacrifice.

  19. Simultaneous Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Cerebral Aneurysms and Vasospasm

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The management of patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysms and severe vasospasm is subject to considerable controversy. We intended to describe herein an endovascular technique for the simultaneous treatment of aneurysms and vasospasm. A series of 11 patients undergoing simultaneous endovascular treatment of ruptured aneurysms and vasospasm were reviewed. After placement of a guiding catheter within the proximal internal carotid artery for coil embolization, an infusion line of nimodipine was wired to one hub, and of a microcatheter was advanced through another hub (to select and deliver detachable coils). Nimodipine was then infused continuously during the coil embolization. This technique was applied to 11 ruptured aneurysms accompanied by vasospasm (anterior communicating artery, 6 patients; internal carotid artery, 2 patients; posterior communicating and middle cerebral arteries, 1 patient each). Aneurysmal occlusion by coils and nimodipine-induced angioplasty were simultaneously achieved, resulting in excellent outcomes for all patients, and there were no procedure-related complications. Eight patients required repeated nimodipine infusions. Our small series of patients suggests that the simultaneous endovascular management of ruptured cerebral aneurysms and vasospasm is a viable approach in patients presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage and severe vasospasm.

  20. Endovascular treatment of ruptured distal anterior cerebral artery aneurysm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huang Qinghai

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Distal anterior cerebral artery (DACA aneurysms are less common, accounting for 3.1 to 9.2% of all intracranial aneurysms.The clinical characteristics and surgical techniques are quite different from those of other aneurysms of Willis circle. Objective: We aimed to investigate the clinical and radiographic characteristics of ruptured distal anterior cerebral artery (DACA aneurysms and the efficacy of endovascular treatment for these lesions. Patients and Methods: From 1998 to 2008, 41 patients with 44 DACA aneurysms were treated by endovascular coiling, including parent vessel occlusion using coils or coils combined with n-butyle-2-cyanoacrylate (NBCA in two, endosaccular coiling alone in 39, and stent-assisted coiling in three. Results: Technical success was achieved in 40 (97.6% patients. Among the 41 aneurysms successfully treated with endosaccular coiling or stent-assisted coiling, complete occlusion was obtained in 37, neck remnant in two, and partial occlusion in two. Two patients with poor pretreatment conditions died of cerebral vasospasm. The morbidity was 4.87%. One case each of unruptured recurrence and rebleeding were seen in follow-up DSA of 34 patients and MRA in five cases. Conclusion: Our preliminary results show that endovascular treatment for DACA aneurysms is safe and effective. However, the relative high recurrent rate highlights long-term follow-up for its security.

  1. Simultaneous Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Cerebral Aneurysms and Vasospasm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Young Dae; Han, Moon Hee; Kang, Hyun Seung; Kim, Jeong Eun [Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Ahn, Jun Hyoung [Dept. of Neurosurgery, Hallym University Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang (Korea, Republic of); Jung, Seung Chai [Dept. of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Chang Hun [Dept. of Neurology, Stroke Center, Myongji Hospital, Goyang (Korea, Republic of); Lim, Jeong Wook [Dept. of Neurosurgery, Sun Hospital, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-02-15

    The management of patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysms and severe vasospasm is subject to considerable controversy. We intended to describe herein an endovascular technique for the simultaneous treatment of aneurysms and vasospasm. A series of 11 patients undergoing simultaneous endovascular treatment of ruptured aneurysms and vasospasm were reviewed. After placement of a guiding catheter within the proximal internal carotid artery for coil embolization, an infusion line of nimodipine was wired to one hub, and of a microcatheter was advanced through another hub (to select and deliver detachable coils). Nimodipine was then infused continuously during the coil embolization. This technique was applied to 11 ruptured aneurysms accompanied by vasospasm (anterior communicating artery, 6 patients; internal carotid artery, 2 patients; posterior communicating and middle cerebral arteries, 1 patient each). Aneurysmal occlusion by coils and nimodipine-induced angioplasty were simultaneously achieved, resulting in excellent outcomes for all patients, and there were no procedure-related complications. Eight patients required repeated nimodipine infusions. Our small series of patients suggests that the simultaneous endovascular management of ruptured cerebral aneurysms and vasospasm is a viable approach in patients presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage and severe vasospasm.

  2. Carotid Stump Syndrome: Case Report and Endovascular Treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dakhoul, Lara Toufic; Tawk, Rabih

    2014-01-01

    Objectives. To highlight the case of a patient with multiple transient ischemic attacks and visual disturbances diagnosed with carotid stump syndrome and managed with endovascular approach. Case Presentation. We present the case of a carotid stump syndrome in an elderly patient found to have moderate left internal carotid artery stenosis in response to an advertisement for carotid screening. After a medical therapeutic approach and a close follow-up, transient ischemic attacks recurred. Computed tomographic angiography showed an occlusion of the left internal carotid artery and the presence of moderate stenosis in the right internal carotid artery, which was treated by endovascular stenting and balloon insertion. One month later, the patient presented with visual disturbances due to the left carotid stump and severe stenosis of the left external carotid artery that was reapproached by endovascular stenting. Conclusion. Considerations should be given to the carotid stump syndrome as a source of emboli for ischemic strokes, and vascular assessment could be used to detect and treat this syndrome. PMID:26425620

  3. Endovascular treatment of nutcracker syndrome - a case report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 'nutcracker' syndrome is most commonly caused by arterial compression of the left renal vein between the superior mesenteric artery and the aorta. As a consequence venous blood pressure increases within the renal pelvis, ureter and gonadal veins. This compression syndrome may be treated by endovascular stent implantation into the left renal vein. A 20 year old female patient was referred to us, suffering from pain in her left side, gross proteinuria and the suspicion of 'nutcracker' syndrome. Symptoms were present for the last 3 years. Angio MRI was performed and confirmed compression of the left renal vein between the aorta and the superior mesenteric artery. The patient was qualified for endovascular treatment. A self expandable metallic stent, diameter 16 x 40 mm was implanted into the left renal vein. Control venography confirmed good placement of the stent and a good immediate hemodynamic effect of the procedure. The patient remains symptom free in a 14 month follow up period. At present, endovascular stenting seems to be the method of choice for the treatment of the nutcracker syndrome. (author)

  4. A new cerebral vasospasm model established with endovascular puncture technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the method of establishing cerebral vasospasm (CVS) models in rabbits by using endovascular puncture technique. Methods: Endovascular puncture procedure was performed in 78 New Zealand white rabbits to produce subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The survival rabbits were randomly divided into seven groups (3 h, 12 h, 1 d, 2 d, 3 d, 7 d and 14 d), with five rabbits in each group for both study group (SAH group) and control group. Cerebral CT scanning was carried out in all rabbits both before and after the operation. The inner diameter and the thickness of vascular wall of both posterior communicating artery (PcoA) and basilar artery (BA) were determined after the animals were sacrificed, and the results were analyzed. Results: Of 78 experimental rabbits, CVS model was successfully established in 45, including 35 of SAH group and 10 control subgroup. The technical success rate was 57.7%. Twelve hours after the procedure, the inner diameter of PcoA and BA in SAH group was decreased by 45.6% and 52.3%, respectively, when compared with these in control group. The vascular narrowing showed biphasic changes, the inner diameter markedly decreased again at the 7th day when the decrease reached its peak to 31.2% and 48.6%, respectively. Conclusion: Endovascular puncture technique is an effective method to establish CVS models in rabbits. The death rate of experimental animals can be decreased if new interventional material is used and the manipulation is carefully performed. (authors)

  5. Tratamiento conservador en pacientes con retinoblastoma bilateral

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan C. Suárez

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: comparar el tratamiento convencional del retinoblastoma bilateral, usado hasta hace algunos años, consistente en radioterapia o enucleación bilateral, con el tratamiento conservador actual que incluye termoterapia transpupilar (TTT o TTT/quimioterapia al menos en un ojo, en niños con diagnóstico de retinoblastoma bilateral. DISEÑO: estudio retrospectivo descriptivo. MUESTRA: 20 pacientes con diagnóstico de retinoblastoma bilateral que consultaron al Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, de Medellín, Colombia, entre 1997 y 2007. MÉTODO: se hizo enucleación del ojo con el tumor de mayor tamaño. En el otro ojo se hizo tratamiento con TTT, con el láser diodo (810 nm, spot amplio, solo o combinado con otras terapias. RESULTADOS: se dividió a los pacientes en dos grupos: 16 pacientes (32 ojos en el grupo 1 tratados conservadoramente y 4 pacientes (8 ojos en el grupo 2 con tratamiento convencional. El rango de edad fue de 1-72 meses en el grupo 1 y de 1-12 meses en el grupo 2. El tiempo de seguimiento fue de 7-67 meses para el grupo 1 y de 13-73 meses para el grupo 2. En el grupo 1 se hizo enucleación de 16 ojos (50%, radioterapia externa de uno (3,1%, quimioterapia más termoterapia de 5 (15,6% y quimioterapia más termoterapia más crioterapia de 10 (31,3%. En todos los pacientes se logró preservar al menos un ojo. En el grupo 2, se enuclearon 7 ojos (87,5% y se hizo radioterapia externa más enucleación en un paciente (12.5%. Además, todos los pacientes recibieron quimioterapia. CONCLUSIÓN: la terapia conservadora actual consistente en tratamiento local (termoterapia, crioterapia o braquiterapia y quimiorreducción permite preservar al menos un ojo y en algunos casos de los dos, muchas veces con buena agudeza visual, en niños con retinoblastoma bilateral; se evitan así la enucleación bilateral y la radioterapia externa usada en el tratamiento convencional con todos sus efectos secundarios. La enucleación continúa siendo el tratamiento de elección en los casos de retinoblastoma asociado a glaucoma, desprendimiento extenso de retina, siembras vítreas difusas, hemorragia y tumores de gran tamaño con mal pronóstico visual.

  6. El tratamiento antihelmíntico selectivo frente al tratamiento masivo: experiencia en dos comunidades hiperendémicas

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Beltramino; María Cristina Lurá; Elena Carrera

    2003-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Evaluar la prevalencia e intensidad de las infecciones por geohelmintos en niños de dos comunidades hiperendémicas tratadas con técnicas antihelmínticas diferentes: una con tratamiento selectivo o individual, y la otra con tratamiento masivo reiterado. MÉTODOS: La población estuvo compuesta por 909 niños de uno u otro sexo, con edades entre 2 y 13 años, que vivían en dos comunidades marginales de la ciudad: Las Lomas y El Abasto, Santa Fe, Argentina. Se realizó un trabajo prospectiv...

  7. Acute Thrombotic Occlusion of Left Internal Jugular Vein Compressed by Bypass Graft for Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair Debranching Procedure

    OpenAIRE

    Sim, Hyung Tae; Beom, Min Sun; Kim, Sung Ryong; Ryu, Sang Wan

    2014-01-01

    Thoracic endovascular aortic repair has become a widespread alternative treatment option for thoracic aortic aneurysm. The debranching of arch vessels may be required to provide an acceptable landing zone for an endovascular stent graft. We report a case where the bypass graft used in the thoracic endovascular aortic repair procedure compressed the left internal jugular vein, causing acute thrombotic occlusion.

  8. The Diagnostic Value of Intra-abdominal Pressure in Patients with Blunt Acute Abdominal Trauma

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    Huseyin Narci

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose:The objective of this study was to determine the diagnostic value of intra-abdominal pressure measurement in blunt abdominal trauma patients. Method: A prospective study was performed in 49 patients with blunt trauma in our university hospital for 1 years. Patients were randomly into two groups as intra-abdominal trauma (n=28 and extraabdominal trauma (n=21 groups. Intra-abdominal pressures was measured an classified as normal (10 cm H2O or less, elevated (more than 10 cm H2O determined indirectly. Results: No significant differences were found between abdominal trauma and extra-abdominal trauma groups from the point of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP. One the other hand, in abdominal trauma group; significant differences were observed between operated patients. Intra-abdominal bleeding was found in 10 patients and all of them elevated IAP values (exceeding 16 cm H2O. For determining the intra-abdominal injury, IAP had a sensitivity of 93%, specificity 38% in patients. Conclusion: IAP exceeding 16 cm H2O with blunt abdominal trauma patients abdominal trauma can be detected. It is thought that IAP, indirect monitoring of abdominal trauma patients is a reproducible, scientific guide and simple method.To determine the efficacy of the measurement of intra-abdominal pressure in blunt abdominal trauma patients, further studies should be done. [Cukurova Med J 2012; 37(3.000: 157-161

  9. Intestinal contrasting in abdominal CT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 56 patients undergoing abdominal CT the gastro-intestinal tract was defined by negative contrast instead of the conventional positive contrast from an iodine containing contrast medium. The contrast material was a 2 1/2% mannitol solution and was used for filling the rectum. Filling of the gastro-intestinal tract was of similar quality to that obtained with positve contrast media. The number of artifacts due to high contrast boundaries was slightly greater with the negative contrast than if would have been with positive contrast. Differentiation of the gastro-intestinal tract from other abdominal organs was equally good for both methods. The negative contrast method was poor in diagnosing cystic tumours but proved much better than positive contrast for evaluating the wall of the gastro-intestinal tract. (orig.)

  10. Sonography of blunt abdominal trauma

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sonographic examination of the abdomen after blunt abdominal trauma represents a rapid and effective diagnostic method without bothering the patient. It has proved its value not only in the confirmation or exclusion of free fluid in the abdomen caused by liver of spleen rupture, but also in such cases actually it replaces peritoneal lavage or exploratory laparotomy. It is also qualified for diagnosis of intraparenchymal or subcapsular hemorrhages, intraperitoneal as well as retroperitoneal and for follow up. In particualr delayed bleedings including the risk of a retarded organ rupture can be detected early. A failure rate of 1.4% in 282 sonographically examined cases of blunt abdominal trauma further confirms the reliability of this method. (orig.)

  11. Defectos de la pared abdominal

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    Adis L. Peña Cedeño

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio de los fetos con malformaciones congénitas, dadas por defecto de la pared abdominal (DPA, nacidos en el Hospital Universitario Ginecoobstétrico de Guanabacoa durante los años 1984 al 2000, para determinar la frecuencia de los distintos tipos de defectos de la pared abdomina