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Aneurisma de la aorta abdominal: Tratamiento endovascular con una endoprótesis fenestrada Abdominal aortic aneurysm: Endovascular treatment with fenestrated endoprothesis  

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Full Text Available El tratamiento endovascular de los aneurismas de aorta abdominal es una alternativa a la cirugía abierta para pacientes de alto riesgo. Consiste en la exclusión del saco aneurismático mediante la interposición de una endoprótesis colocada por vía femoral. El tratamiento endovascular no puede ser utilizado en todos los pacientes. Una limitación frecuente la constituye el nacimiento de una arteria visceral desde el saco aneurismático. Para contrarrestar esta limitación recientemente se han desarrollado endoprótesis fenestradas que presentan orificios que se corresponden con el nacimiento de las arterias involucradas en el aneurisma evitando su oclusión, permitiendo de esta manera el tratamiento endovascular. En esta comunicación se presenta un caso de tratamiento endovascular de un aneurisma de aorta abdominal mediante la colocación de una endoprótesis fenestrada en un paciente cuya arteria renal izquierda nacía directamente del saco aneurismático.Endovascular treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm is consider an alternative to open surgery for high risk patients. Its goal is to exclude the aneurysm from the circulation by using an endoprothesis introduced from a femoral approach. Patients must be strictly selected to avoid possible complications. The most frequent limitation is related to anatomic contraindications such as visceral arteries involved in the aneurysm. Fenestrated endograft have been recently developed to allow endovascular treatment when anatomic features contraindicate classic endovascular procedures. Fenestrated endograft have holes that match with the origin of the visceral arteries maintaining its potency. In this paper we report the endovascular treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm by using a fenestrated endoprothesis in a patient whose left renal artery is originated from the aneurysm.

Román Rostagno

2008-12-01

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Tratamiento endovascular de aneurisma aórtico abdominal: resultados en 80 pacientes consecutivos / Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: Results in 80 consecutive patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) avoids laparotomy, shortens hospital stay and reduces morbidity and mortality related to surgical repair, allowing full patient recovery in less time. Aim: To report short and long term results of endovascular repair of AAA in 80 co [...] nsecutive patients treated at our institution. Patients and Methods: Between September 1997 and February 2005, three women and 77 men with a mean age 73.6±7.7 years with AAA 5.8±1.0 cm in diameter, were treated. The surgical risk of 38% of patients was grade III according to the American Society of Anesthesiologists classification. Each procedure was performed in the operating room, under local or regional anesthesia, with the aid of digital substraction angiography. The endograft was deployed through the femoral artery (83.7% bifurcated, 16.3% tubular graft). A femoro-femoral bypass was required in 11.3% of cases. Follow-up included a spiral CT scan at 1, 6 and 12 months postoperatively, and then annually. Results: Endovascular repair was successfully completed in 79/80 patients (98.7% technical success). The procedures lasted 147±71 min. Length of stay in the observation unit was 20.6±13.5 h. Blood transfusion was required in 10%. Sixty two percent of the patients were discharged before 72 h. One patient died 8 days after surgery due to a myocardial infarction (1.3%). During follow-up (3-90 months), 1 patient developed late AAA enlargement due to a type I endoleak, requiring a new endograft. No AAA rupture was observed. Survival at 4 years was 84.2% (SE =9.2). Endovascular re-intervention free survival was 82.7% (SE =9.5). Conclusion: Endovascular surgery allows effective exclusion of AAA avoiding progressive enlargement and/or rupture and is a good alternative to open repair. Close and frequent postoperative follow up is mandatory

Francisco, Valdés E; Renato, Mertens M; Albrecht, Krämer Sch; Michel, Bergoeing R; Leopoldo, Mariné M; Roberto, Canessa B; Alvaro, Huete G; Jeanette, Vergara G; Magaly, Valdebenito C; Dixiana, Rivera D.

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Endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA is a potentially lethal state. Only half of patients with ruptured AAA reach the hospital alive. The alternative for open reconstruction of this condition is endovascular repair (EVAR. We presented a successful endovascular reapir of ruptured AAA in a patient with a number of comorbidities. Case report. A 60-year-old man was admitted to our institution due to diffuse abdominal pain with flatulence and belching. Initial abdominal ultrasonography showed an AAA that was confirmed on multislice computed tomography scan angiography which revealed a large retroperitoneal haematoma. Because of patient’s comorbidites (previous surgery of laryngeal carcinoma and one-third laryngeal stenosis, arterial hypertension and cardiomyopathy with left ventricle ejection fraction of 30%, stenosis of the right internal carotid artery of 80% it was decided that endovascular repair of ruptured AAA in local anaesthesia and analgosedation would be treatment of choice. Endovascular grafting was achieved with aorto-bi-iliac bifurcated excluder endoprosthesis with complete exclusion of the aneurysmal sac, without further enlargment of haemathoma and no contrast leakage. The postoperative course of the patient was eventless, without complications. On recall examination 3 months after, the state of the patient was well. Conclusion. The alternative for open reconstruction of ruptured AAA in haemodynamically stable patients with suitable anatomy and comorbidities could be emergency EVAR in local anesthesia. This technique could provide greater chances for survival with lower intraoperative and postoperative morbidity and mortality, as shown in the presented patient.

Šarac Momir

2014-01-01

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms.  

Science.gov (United States)

Patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are usually treated with endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), which has become the standard of care in many hospitals for patients with suitable anatomy. Clinical evidence indicates that EVAR is associated with superior perioperative outcomes and similar long-term survival compared with open repair. Since the randomized, controlled trials that provided this evidence were conducted, however, the stent graft technology for infrarenal AAA has been further developed. Improvements include profile downsizing, optimization of sealing and fixation, and the use of low porosity fabrics. In addition, imaging techniques have improved, enabling better preoperative planning, stent graft placement, and postoperative surveillance. Also in the past few years, fenestrated and branched stent grafts have increasingly been used to manage anatomically challenging aneurysms, and experiments with off-label use of stent grafts have been performed to treat patients deemed unfit or unsuitable for other treatment strategies. Overall, the indications for endovascular management of AAA are expanding to include increasingly complex and anatomically challenging aneurysms. Ongoing studies and optimization of imaging, in addition to technological refinement of stent grafts, will hopefully continue to broaden the utilization of EVAR. PMID:24343568

Buck, Dominique B; van Herwaarden, Joost A; Schermerhorn, Marc L; Moll, Frans L

2014-02-01

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Endovascular Treatment of Proximal Bilateral Iliac Limb Dislocation and Kinking following Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report the case of a 69-year-old man with a late type 1b endoleak due to proximal migration of both iliac limbs 5 years after endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The endovascular method used to correct bilaterally this condition is described. Final angiographic control shows patency of the stent-graft without signs of endoleak

2005-05-01

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic paraanastomotic pseudoaneurysms after surgical reconstruction  

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Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of endovascular treatment of paraaortic postoperative abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysms. Materials and methods: From April 1996 to November 2007 five men with paraaortic postoperative abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm underwent endovascular treatment. Average age was 64.2 years (range 54-73). The average time interval between the primary surgery and endovascular treatment was 12.4 years (4 months-23 years). Three patients were treated by aortouniiliacal stentgrafts and two patients by tube stentgrafts. Results: Technical success rate was 100%. Pseudoaneurysms were primarily excluded from circulation without perioperative complications in all patients. At follow-up (mean 38.5 months) there were no deaths and no endoleaks. In one patient thrombosis of stentgraft was found and it was successfully treated by thrombectomy. All pseudoaneurysms still continued to be excluded from circulation in the last follow-up. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment is minimally invasive, effective and safe option of surgery for paraaortic postoperative pseudoaneurysms.

Cerna, Marie [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Koecher, Martin [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic)], E-mail: martin.kocher@seznam.cz; Utikal, Petr [Department of Surgery, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Koutna, Jirina [Department of Anaestology, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Drac, Petr; Bachleda, Petr [Department of Surgery, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Burval, Stanislav; Kozak, Jiri; Thomas, Rohit Philip [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic)

2009-08-15

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Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in patients with renal transplant  

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The repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in patients with functioning renal transplant is critical because it is important to avoid ischemic and reperfusion injury to the transplanted kidney. Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) avoids aortic cross clamping and can prevent renal graft ischemia. Here we report the endovascular management and outcome of AAA in two renal transplant patients using a bifurcated aortic stent graft. One patient underwent EVAR using a small amount of contrast (30...

2013-01-01

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Neurologic injury after endovascular exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the mechanism of neurologic injury after endovascular graft exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms and the methods of prevention and treatment. Materials: Since March 1997 to October 2002, endovascular graft exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm have been preformed on 136 patients, with one occurrence of neurologic injury after the operation. The main body-short limb graft was used in this case (Talent) and the operation was successful. The patient complained of bilateral lower extremities pain and disability. Electromusculogram showed bilateral femoral nerve injury. Then the patient was treated with vitamin B12, hyperbaric oxygen and physical therapy for 2 months outcoming with the symptom improvement. Conclusions: Neurologic injury after endovascular graft exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysms is possible due to the occlusion of the lumbar artery during the operation. Early treatment is important and more effective. Later nerve nutrition and physical treatment can improve some symptoms partly

2003-02-01

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Non-contrasted endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To discuss the endovascular exclusion without using contrast for abdominal aortic aneurysm patients with renal disfunction. Methods: We performed endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm in 3 cases associated with renal disfunction. The evaluations of related diagnostic informations including images were reviewed before operation. Results: The operations were successful in all 3 cases with 2 bifurcation grafts and 1 straight graft. After 1 to 3 months follow up through colour ultrasound, we found the aneurysms were excluded completely without endoleak, and occluded with thrombosis. The bloodflow in the graft was patent without abnormal peripheral circulation. Conclusions: Endovascular exclusion can be successfully performed on the abdominal aortic aneurysm with long aneurysm neck. Preoperative evaluation is important for the localization of renal artery and hypogastric artery

2003-02-01

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Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Patient with Renal Transplant  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Patients with functioning renal transplant who develop abdominal aortic aneurysm can safely be treated with endovascular repair. Endovascular repair of aneurysm avoids renal ischemia associated with cross-clamping of aorta

2004-09-01

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New Approaches to Computer Assistance for Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Repairs  

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This work presents new approaches to computer assistance for endovascular abdominal aortic repairs. In the current clinical workflow there is no technical guidance during the intervention except for two dimensional X-Ray images. Here, we introduce interventional registration methods that are able to handle such occlusions and further image dissimilarities. Thereby, contrast removal and disocclusion techniques are integrated within an image registration procedure. Furthermore, we show for the ...

Demirci, Stefanie

2011-01-01

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Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm after Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair  

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In treating uncomplicated abdominal aortic aenurysm, endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been employed as a good alternative to open repair with low perioperative morbidity and mortality. However, the aneurysm can enlarge or rupture even after EVAR as a result of device failure, endoleak, or graft migration. We experienced two cases of aneurismal rupture after EVAR, which were successfully treated by surgical extra-anatomic bypass.

2011-01-01

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Endovascular therapy of thoracic and abdominal aortic lesions  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the clinical effects of comprehensive endovascular therapy for thoracic and abdominal aortic lesions. Methods: Five patients with DeBakey III aortic dissection (AD) were treated with endovascular therapy; including endovascular exclusion (EVE) with one-stent-graft (4 cases), fenestration of intimal flap (FIF) (1 case). One pseudoaneurysm after venous prothesis placed in DeBakey IIIAD was treated with one-stent-graft and another one with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) below renal artery with separating stent-graft. Results: Five EVE with one-stent-graft were successfully furnished. Type I endoleakage was found in 2 cases, but disappeared after PTA in 1 case, and persisting after thirty minutes in another case. Both the lower leg's blood flow was recovered with symptom free in the FIF case. After one separating stent-graft placed, DSA showed that AAA disappeared without endoleakage. Conclusions: EVE or FIF is effective and reliable in treating thoracic and abdominal aortic lesions. Separating stent-graft shows more promising future. (authors)

2006-03-01

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Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Aortocaval Fistula  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aortocaval fistula (ACF) is a rare complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). We report the endovascular repair of an AAA rupture into the inferior vena cava. A 78-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for acute hypotension. She presented with a pulsatile abdominal mass and became rapidly anuric. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed an AAA rupture into the inferior vena cava. The features of the AAA made it suitable for endovascular repair. To prevent pulmonary embolism caused by the presence of sac thrombosis near the vena cava lumen, a temporary vena cava filter was deployed before the procedure. A bifurcated stent-graft was placed with the patient under local anaesthesia, and the AAA was successfully treated. A transient type II endoleak was detected on CT 3 days after endograft placement. At routine follow-up 6 and 12 months after the procedure, the patient was in good clinical condition, and the type II endoleak had sealed completely. Endovascular treatment offers an attractive therapeutic alternative to open repair in case of ACF; however, only small numbers of patients have been treated, and long-term follow-up interval is lacking.

2010-08-01

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Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in the geriatric population  

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Full Text Available Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA is a relatively common pathology among the elderly. More people above the age of 80 will have to undergo treatment of an AAA in the future. This review aims to summarize the literature focusing on endovascular repair of AAA in the geriatric population. A systematic review of the literature was performed, including results from endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR registries and studies comparing open repair and EVAR in those above the age of 80. A total of 15 studies were identified. EVAR in this population is efficient with a success rate exceeding 90% in all cases, and safe, with early mortality and morbidity being superior among patients undergoing EVAR against open repair. Late survival can be as high as 95% after 5 years. Aneurysm-related death over long-term follow-up was low after EVAR, ranging from 0 to 3.4%. Endovascular repair can be offered safely in the geriatric population and seems to compare favourably with open repair in all studies in the literature to date.

Athanasios Saratzis

2012-08-01

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Aneurisma roto de aorta torácica descendente: tratamiento endovascular Endovascular treatment of a ruptured thoracic aorta aneurysm  

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Full Text Available In 1991, a technique to exclude aortic aneurysms from circulation inserting an endoluminal graft through the femoral artery, was described. This procedure, usually used for elective abdominal aneurysms, can also be used in the thoracic aorta. We report a 41 years old male with a Marfan syndrome, presenting with a descending aorta aneurysm that ruptured to the mediastinum and pleural cavity. He was compensated hemodynamically and an endovascular stent-graft was deployed at the ruptured zone, through the femoral artery. The postoperative evolution of the patient was uneventful. This technique will allow a less invasive treatment of ruptured aortic aneurysms (Rev Méd Chile 2001; 129: 1439-43

Renato Mertens M

2001-12-01

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms in high-surgical-risk patients Tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico  

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Background: Following the publication of a prospective randomized trial (Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Trial 2 - EVAR2) that questioned the benefits of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in high-surgical-risk patients, we decided to analyze our initial and long-term results with endovascular AAA repair in this patient population. Objective: To evaluate the operative mortality, long-term survival, frequency of secondary operations, outcome of the aneurysm sac, primary and s...

Célio Teixeira Mendonça; Ricardo Cesar Rocha Moreira; Cláudio Augusto de Carvalho; Bárbara D´Agnoluzzo Moreira; Janaína Weingärtner; Shiomi, Alexandre Y.

2009-01-01

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Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: An Evidence-Based Analysis  

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The Medical Advisory Secretariat conducted a systematic review of the evidence on the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm in comparison to open surgical repair. An abdominal aortic aneurysm [AAA] is the enlargement and weakening of the aorta (major blood artery) that may rupture and result in stroke and death. Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair [EVAR] is a procedure for repairing abdominal aortic aneurysms from within the blood v...

2002-01-01

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Emergency Endovascular Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Feasibility and Results  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose. To assess the feasibility and effectiveness of emergency endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). Methods. During 36 months we treated, on an emergency basis, 30 AAAs with endovascular exclusion. In 21 hemodynamically stable patients preoperative CT angiography (CTA) was performed to confirm the diagnosis and to plan the treatment; 9 patients with hemorrhagic shock were evaluated with angiography performed in the operating room. Twenty-two Excluder (Gore) and 8 Zenith (Cook) stent-grafts (25 bifurcated and 5 aorto-uni-iliac) were used. The follow-up was performed by CTA at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months. Results. Technical success was achieved in 100% of cases with a 10% mortality rate. The total complication rate was 23% (5 increases in serum creatinine level and 2 wound infections). During the follow-up, performed in 27 patients (1-36 months, mean 15.2 months), 4 secondary endoleaks (15%) (3 type II, 2 spontaneously thrombosed and 1 under observation, and 1 type III treated by iliac extender insertion) and 1 iliac leg occlusion (treated with femoro-femoral bypass) occurred. We observed a shrinkage of the aneurysmal sac in 8 of 27 cases and stability in 19 of 27 cases; we did not observe any endotension. Conclusions. Endovascular repair is a good option for emergency treatment of AAAs. The team's experience allows correct planning of the procedure in emergency situations also, with technical results comparable with elective repair. In our experience the bifurcated stent-graft is the device of choice in patients with suitable anatomy because the procedure is less time-consuming than aorto-uni-iliac stent-grafting with surgical crossover, allowing faster aneurysm exclusion. However, further studies are required to demonstrate the long-term efficacy of endovascular repair compared with surgical treatment

2006-04-01

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: a review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a relatively common disease among the elderly population and may be present in up to 5.9 % of the population aged 80 years. Abdominal aortic aneurysm more than 5 cm in diameter are more prone to rupture, with a significant mortality rate. Conventional surgical treatment is quite effective in the lower surgical risk population; however, in the population with a higher risk level the mortality and morbidity significantly increase. The development of less invasive techniques to treat AAA derived from the necessity to reduce the morbidity and mortality. The development of the endovascular endoprostheses was a significant landmark in the management of those patients with AAA, particularly the ones with increased risk. Although the stent-graft technology is still in its infancy, a large amount of information is available and an attempt to summarize this experience is presented herein. An extensive review of the stent-graft technology is presented, including variations in design and classification of the several systems available. Technical aspects of the use of endovascular prostheses are presented, as well as the most recent outcome information available. The problems of endoleaks is discussed and the techniques for treatment and outcomes presented. Finally, a summary of specific information on most of the devices available is presented. (orig.)

Uflacker, R. [Department of Radiology, Interventional Radiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC (United States); Robison, J. [Dept. of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC (United States)

2001-05-01

 
 
 
 
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The treatment of giant abdominal aorta aneurysm with endovascular stent-graf  

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Full Text Available The usage of endovascular stent-graft in the treatment of abdominal aorta aneurysm has been increasing in the abdominal surgery. This paper presents the case of a patient with right iliac artery aneurysm who was treated with the application of endovascular stent-graft. J Clin Exp Invest 2012; 3 (3: 423-425Key words: Abdominal Aorta Aneurysm, EVAR, Stentgraft

?eref Ulucan

2012-09-01

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Tratamiento endovascular del trauma vascular periférico Endovascular treatment of peripheral vascular trauma  

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Full Text Available El trauma vascular representa un problema de salud pública a nivel nacional e internacional. La epidemia de violencia con mayor uso de armas de alta y baja velocidad en los conflictos militares y a nivel civil urbano, las velocidades más altas en las carreteras y los accidentes laborales, han aumentado la incidencia del trauma vascular. La aparición de procedimientos y tecnologías endovasculares ha ofrecido nuevas alternativas en casos complejos de trauma vascular, como accesos vasculares difíciles, complicaciones tardías y pacientes con enfermedades concomitantes. En este artículo se presenta la experiencia, desde enero de 2010 hasta enero de 2012, con siete pacientes que recibieron tratamiento endovascular y tuvieron seguimiento a seis meses. En 6 (86 % pacientes fue posible la implantación de endoprótesis (stent y en uno fue necesario crear un émbolo en la arteria ilio-lumbar mediante espirales de acero (coils. El tiempo promedio de duración del procedimiento quirúrgico fue de 60,7 minutos, con un rango de 40 a 90 minutos. En todos los casos se comprobó éxito angiográfico y permeabilidad del vaso lesionado.Vascular trauma constitutes a public health problem both nationally and internationally. The epidemy of violence with greater use of high and low velocity weapons in the military conflicts as well as at the civil urban level, have increased the incidence of vascular trauma. The advent of endovascular procedures and technologies offer new alternative approaches in complex vascular trauma, such as those with difficult vascular access, late complications and patients with concomitant complications. Hereby we present our experience with seven patients that were submitted to endovascular treatment in the period January 2010 to January 2012, with six months follow-up. In six patients (86% it was possible to implant a stent, and in one it became necessary to create an embolus in the ilio-lumbar artery by means of a steel spiral coil. Mean operating time was 60.7 minutes, with a rank of 40 to 90 minutes. Successful result was demonstrated in all cases by angiography and permeability of the affected vessel.

César Eduardo Jiménez

2012-12-01

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Aneurisma roto de aorta torácica descendente: tratamiento endovascular / Endovascular treatment of a ruptured thoracic aorta aneurysm  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english In 1991, a technique to exclude aortic aneurysms from circulation inserting an endoluminal graft through the femoral artery, was described. This procedure, usually used for elective abdominal aneurysms, can also be used in the thoracic aorta. We report a 41 years old male with a Marfan syndrome, pre [...] senting with a descending aorta aneurysm that ruptured to the mediastinum and pleural cavity. He was compensated hemodynamically and an endovascular stent-graft was deployed at the ruptured zone, through the femoral artery. The postoperative evolution of the patient was uneventful. This technique will allow a less invasive treatment of ruptured aortic aneurysms (Rev Méd Chile 2001; 129: 1439-43)

Renato, Mertens M; Francisco, Valdés E; Albrecht, Krämer Sch; Manuel, Irarrázaval L; Leopoldo, Mariné M; Jeannette, Vergara G.

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Oclusión de la aorta abdominal infrarrenal. Reconstrucción endovascular con stent  

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Full Text Available Introducción La oclusión total de la aorta abdominal es de presentación poco frecuente y afecta más a menudo a mujeres de edad mediana con antecedentes de tabaquismo y dislipidemia. El punto de partida de la terapéutica endovascular en la aorta fue la angioplastia en las arterias ilíacas y fue progresando desde el balón hasta la colocación de stents.ObjetivoComunicar nuestros resultados inmediatos y el seguimiento a mediano plazo de pacientes con oclusión de la aorta abdominal tratadas con stents por vía endovascular.Material y métodosDesde octubre de 1998 a mayo de 2005 en nuestro servicio se trataron 5 pacientes de sexo femenino por oclusión total de la aorta abdominal, con síntomas de claudicación grave de ambos miembros inferiores. Los procedimientos se realizaron con anestesia local y sedación. Por vía femoral, se intenta recanalizar con las cuerdas de Whooley o hidrófila Glidewire. Posteriormente se realiza un angiograma abdominal e intercambio por cuerda Amplatz con la cual se avanza el balón para realizar las dilataciones antes de implantar el stent. Las pacientes con lesiones ilíacas también se trataron con stent. El índice tobillo-brazo era de 0,71. El promedio de hospitalización fue de 2 días. Al alta se indicaron clopidogrel y aspirina como medicación antiplaquetaria, excepto la primera paciente (ticlopidina y aspirina. El seguimiento fue clínico y por ecografía Doppler color a la semana, al mes, a los 6 meses y a los 12 meses.ResultadosLas pacientes eran de sexo femenino, con antecedentes de tabaquismo y dislipidemia. Todos los procedimientos fueron técnicamente exitosos, con mejoría del índice tobillo-brazo a 0,98. Una paciente presentó un hematoma inguinal en el sitio de punción, con buena evolución posterior. En el seguimiento alejado clínico y por ultrasonido se observó una permeabilidad de la aorta del 100%, con estenosis en una paciente tratada a nivel de la arteria ilíaca en el segmento no cubierto por el stent.ConclusionesEn este grupo de pacientes con oclusión total de la aorta abdominal, la angioplastia con balón e implantación de stent ha demostrado que es una técnica segura y efectiva, con éxito técnico y permeabilidad en el seguimiento a mediano plazo en todas las pacientes.

Carlos Fernández-Pereira

2008-01-01

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Thrombus Volume Change Visualization after Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair  

Science.gov (United States)

A surgical technique currently used in the treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA) is the Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR). This minimally invasive procedure involves inserting a prosthesis in the aortic vessel that excludes the aneurysm from the bloodstream. The stent, once in place acts as a false lumen for the blood current to travel down, and not into the surrounding aneurysm sac. This procedure, therefore, immediately takes the pressure off the aneurysm, which thromboses itself after some time. Nevertheless, in a long term perspective, different complications such as prosthesis displacement or bloodstream leaks into or from the aneurysmatic bulge (endoleaks) could appear causing a pressure elevation and, as a result, increasing the danger of rupture. The purpose of this work is to explore the application of image registration techniques to the visual detection of changes in the thrombus in order to assess the evolution of the aneurysm. Prior to registration, both the lumen and the thrombus are segmented

Maiora, Josu; García, Guillermo; Macía, Iván; Legarreta, Jon Haitz; Boto, Fernando; Paloc, Céline; Graña, Manuel; Abuín, Javier Sanchez

26

Tratamiento endovascular del trauma vascular periférico / Endovascular treatment of peripheral vascular trauma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El trauma vascular representa un problema de salud pública a nivel nacional e internacional. La epidemia de violencia con mayor uso de armas de alta y baja velocidad en los conflictos militares y a nivel civil urbano, las velocidades más altas en las carreteras y los accidentes laborales, han aument [...] ado la incidencia del trauma vascular. La aparición de procedimientos y tecnologías endovasculares ha ofrecido nuevas alternativas en casos complejos de trauma vascular, como accesos vasculares difíciles, complicaciones tardías y pacientes con enfermedades concomitantes. En este artículo se presenta la experiencia, desde enero de 2010 hasta enero de 2012, con siete pacientes que recibieron tratamiento endovascular y tuvieron seguimiento a seis meses. En 6 (86 %) pacientes fue posible la implantación de endoprótesis (stent) y en uno fue necesario crear un émbolo en la arteria ilio-lumbar mediante espirales de acero (coils). El tiempo promedio de duración del procedimiento quirúrgico fue de 60,7 minutos, con un rango de 40 a 90 minutos. En todos los casos se comprobó éxito angiográfico y permeabilidad del vaso lesionado. Abstract in english Vascular trauma constitutes a public health problem both nationally and internationally. The epidemy of violence with greater use of high and low velocity weapons in the military conflicts as well as at the civil urban level, have increased the incidence of vascular trauma. The advent of endovascula [...] r procedures and technologies offer new alternative approaches in complex vascular trauma, such as those with difficult vascular access, late complications and patients with concomitant complications. Hereby we present our experience with seven patients that were submitted to endovascular treatment in the period January 2010 to January 2012, with six months follow-up. In six patients (86%) it was possible to implant a stent, and in one it became necessary to create an embolus in the ilio-lumbar artery by means of a steel spiral coil. Mean operating time was 60.7 minutes, with a rank of 40 to 90 minutes. Successful result was demonstrated in all cases by angiography and permeability of the affected vessel.

Jiménez, César Eduardo; Peña, Diego.

27

TRATAMIENTO ENDOVASCULAR DE LOS ANEURISMAS CEREBRALES: SUS COMIENZOS HACE 30 AÑOS Y SU DESARROLLO ACTUAL  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Breve historia del desarrollo los métodos endovasculares en el tratamiento de los aneurismas intracraneanos, comenzando con las primeras experiencias de Serbinenko en Moscú. Se revisan aspectos técnicos recientemente incorporados al uso clínico y sus resultados. [...] Abstract in english A short history of the development of endovascular treatment of intracraneal aneurysm, beginning with the first experiences of Serbinenko in Moscow. Recent technical aspects and clinical results are reviewed. [...

José, Tevah C..

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Tratamiento "híbrido" del aneurisma tóraco-abdominal: revascularización visceral extraanatómica e inserción de endoprótesis / Extra anatomical revascularization and endovascular stent-grafting for thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair: Report of four cases  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Surgical treatment of thoracoabdominal aneurysms is a big technical challenge with a high rate of complications and mortality. It requires a large exposure and transient interruption of vital organ perfusion during its repair. Endovascular repair is a less invasive alternative available over the las [...] t decade. We report four male patients aged 44 to 76 years, with thoracic aortic aneurysms and involvement of visceral aorta, treated with a two stage procedure. During the first stage, a retrograde revascularization of the superior mesenteric and renal arteries from the infrarenal aorta was done, associated in two cases to a concomitant repair of an infrarenal aortic aneurysm. In the second stage, an endovascular graft was placed through the femoral artery, from the segment proximal to the aneurysm to the infrarenal aorta, above the origin of the visceral artery reconstructions, excluding the aneurysm from circulation. In one patient, both stages were concomitant and in three the second stage was delayed. One patient presented a postoperative bleeding that required reintervention without adverse consequences. No patient died, presented paraplegia or deterioration of renal function. After follow up of 6 to 20 months, there is no evidence of aneurysm growth or complications derived from the procedure

Renato, Mertens M; Francisco, Valdés E; Albrecht, Krämer Sch; Leopoldo, Mariné M; Michel, Bergoeing R; Rodrigo, Sagües C; Alvaro, Huete G; Jeannette, Vergara G; Magaly, Valdebenito G.

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Intraoperative Sac Pressure Measurement During Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

PurposeIntraoperative sac pressure was measured during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) to evaluate the clinical significance of sac pressure measurement.MethodsA microcatheter was placed in an aneurysm sac from the contralateral femoral artery, and sac pressure was measured during EVAR procedures in 47 patients. Aortic blood pressure was measured as a control by a catheter from the left brachial artery.ResultsThe systolic sac pressure index (SPI) was 0.87 ± 0.10 after main-body deployment, 0.63 ± 0.12 after leg deployment (P < 0.01), and 0.56 ± 0.12 after completion of the procedure (P < 0.01). Pulse pressure was 55 ± 21 mmHg, 23 ± 15 mmHg (P < 0.01), and 16 ± 12 mmHg (P < 0.01), respectively. SPI showed no significant differences between the Zenith and Excluder stent grafts (0.56 ± 0.13 vs. 0.54 ± 0.10, NS). Type I endoleak was found in seven patients (15%), and the SPI decreased from 0.62 ± 0.10 to 0.55 ± 0.10 (P = 0.10) after fixing procedures. Type II endoleak was found in 12 patients (26%) by completion angiography. The SPI showed no difference between type II endoleak positive and negative (0.58 ± 0.12 vs. 0.55 ± 0.12, NS). There were no significant differences between the final SPI of abdominal aortic aneurysms in which the diameter decreased in the follow-up and that of abdominal aortic aneurysms in which the diameter did not change (0.53 ± 0.12 vs. 0.57 ± 0.12, NS).ConclusionsSac pressure measurement was useful for instant hemodynamic evaluation of the EVAR procedure, especially in type I endoleaks. However, on the basis of this small study, the SPI cannot be used to reliably predict sac growth or regression.

2010-10-01

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Long-term safety and efficacy of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Brandon W Propper, Christopher J Abularrage Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, John Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA Abstract: Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR is a safe and efficacious treatment for both unruptured and ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms. While perioperative mortality is lower with EVAR, long-term outcomes are similar between EVAR and open repair, including quality of life and cost-effectiveness. We review the long-term outcomes from the EUROSTAR registry, and DREAM, EVAR 1, and OVER trials. Keywords: EVAR, endovascular, aneurysm, aortic, outcome, long-term

Propper BW

2013-04-01

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Modification of an endovascular stent graft for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular surgery is currently used to treat abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). A stent graft is deployed to exclude blood flow from the aneurysm sac. It is an effective procedure used in preventing aneurysm rupture, with reduced patient morbidity and mortality compared to open surgical repair. Migration and leakage around the device ("endoleak") due to poor sealing of the stent graft to the aorta have raised concerns about the long-term durability of endovascular repair. A preliminary study of cell migration and proliferation is presented as a prelude to a more extensive in vivo testing. A method to enhance the biological seal between the stent graft and the aorta is proposed to eliminate this problem. This can be achieved by impregnating the stent graft with 50/50 poly (DL-lactide co glycolic acid) (PLGA) and growth factors such as basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) or connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), at the proximal and distal ends. It is hypothesized that as PLGA degrades it will release the growth factors that will promote proliferation and migration of aortic smooth muscle cells to the coated site, leading to a natural seal between the aorta and the stent graft. In addition, growth factor release should promote smooth muscle cell (SMC) contraction that will help keep the stent graft in place at the proximal and distal ends. It is shown that a statistically significant effect of increased cell proliferation and migration is observed for CTGF release. Less of an effect is noted for bFGF or just the PLGA. The effect is estimated to be large enough to be clinically significant in a future animal study. The long term goal of this study is to reduce migration encounter after graft deployment and to reduce secondary interventions of EVAR especially for older patients who are unfit for open surgical treatment.

Moloye, Olajompo Busola

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Perioperative management of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To summarize the clinical experience of perioperative management in performing endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). Methods: EVAR was performed in 22 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm. The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Before treatment the functions of main organs were evaluated and certain measures were adopted in order to protect them. Useful parameters, including the length, diameter, angle and configuration of the proximal and distal aneurysmal neck, the relationship of the aneurysm to aortic branches, the distance from the lowest renal artery to the bifurcation of abdominal aorta, and the quality of access vessels (such as diameter, tortuosity and calcification degree) were determined and assessed with CTA. According to the parameters thus obtained, the suitable stent-graft with ideal diameter and length was selected, and the optimal surgery pattern was employed. Local anesthesia was employed in 20 patients, among them the local anesthesia had to be changed to general anesthesia in one. Epidural anesthesia was carried out in one patient through the surgically-reconstructed iliac artery access,and general anesthesia was employed in one patient who had Stanford type A aortic dissection. The lowest renal artery must be accurately localized before deployment of stent-graft was started. At least one patent internal iliac artery should be reserved when bilateral internal iliac arteries needed to be covered, to be covered by stages or to be reconstructed. After stent-graft placement, angiography must be performed to find out if there was any endoleak and, if any, to determine the type of endoleak and to deal with it properly. Two cases had proximal type I endoleak, so balloon dilation was employed in one and cuff implantation in another one. Distal type I endoleak occurred in one case, but, unfortunately, the iliac artery ruptured when balloon dilation was employed, therefore the patient had to receive vascular repair with prosthesis. Three cases developed type III endoleak. Balloon dilation followed by additional stent-graft placement was adopted in one case. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair with subsequent EVAR was carried out in another patient with Stanford type A aortic dissection. Re-examination with CTA was performed 7-10 days after the treatment, and once a year thereafter. Results: EVAR was successfully completed in all patients. The main complications included thrombosis due to vascular kinking (n=1) and disruption of abdominal incision (n=1). No death due to surgery occurred. During the follow-up period of 6 month to 5 years all patients remained alive. Conclusion: With the advantages of high imaging quality and usefulness for accurate measure of parameters, CTA is the gold standard for preoperative and postoperative evaluation. EVAR is a safe and effective treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm in aged patients with high-risk. (authors)

2010-11-01

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Endovascular Exclusion of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Patients with Concomitant Abdominal Malignancy: Early Experience  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To assess the outcomes of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) for the treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in patients undergoing curative surgical treatment for concomitant abdominal malignancy. The study included 12 patients with abdominal neoplasia and an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), which was treated by surgery and stent EVAR. The neoplasm consisted of the gastric, colorectal, pancreas, prostate, and gall bladder. The follow up period was 3-21 months (mean 11.8 months). All medical records and imaging analyses were reviewed by CTA and/or color Doppler US, retrospectively. Successful endoluminal repair was accomplished in all twelve patients. The mean interval time between EVAR and surgery was 58.6 days. Small amounts of type 2 endoleaks were detected in two patients (17%). One patient developed adult respiratory distress syndrome after Whipple's operation 20 days after surgery, which led to hopeless discharge. No procedure-related mortality, morbidity, or graft-related infection was noted. Exclusion of AAA in patients with accompanying malignancy show with a relatively low procedure morbidity and mortality. Hence, endoluminal AAA repair in patients with synchronous neoplasia may allow greater flexibility in the management of an offending malignancy

2010-08-01

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Endovascular Exclusion of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Patients with Concomitant Abdominal Malignancy: Early Experience  

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To assess the outcomes of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) for the treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in patients undergoing curative surgical treatment for concomitant abdominal malignancy. The study included 12 patients with abdominal neoplasia and an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), which was treated by surgery and stent EVAR. The neoplasm consisted of the gastric, colorectal, pancreas, prostate, and gall bladder. The follow up period was 3-21 months (mean 11.8 months). All medical records and imaging analyses were reviewed by CTA and/or color Doppler US, retrospectively. Successful endoluminal repair was accomplished in all twelve patients. The mean interval time between EVAR and surgery was 58.6 days. Small amounts of type 2 endoleaks were detected in two patients (17%). One patient developed adult respiratory distress syndrome after Whipple's operation 20 days after surgery, which led to hopeless discharge. No procedure-related mortality, morbidity, or graft-related infection was noted. Exclusion of AAA in patients with accompanying malignancy show with a relatively low procedure morbidity and mortality. Hence, endoluminal AAA repair in patients with synchronous neoplasia may allow greater flexibility in the management of an offending malignancy

Choi, You Ri; Chang, Nam Kyu [Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Hyo Hyun; Oh, Hyun Jun; Kim, Jae Kyu; Choi, Soo Jin Na; Chung, Sang Young [Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Yim, Nam Yeol [Armed Forces Yangju Hospital, Yangju (Korea, Republic of)

2010-08-15

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Endovascular Repair of an Anastomotic Leak Following Open Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report describes the case of an early postoperative anastomotic leak following elective open repair of an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm which was successfully treated by endovascular stent-grafting. A 71-year-old man underwent open tube graft repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Twelve days later he presented with a contained leak from the distal anastomosis, which was confirmed on CT scan. This was successfully treated with a bifurcated aortic stent-graft. This case illustrates the usefulness of the endovascular approach for resolving this rare surgical complication of open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and the challenges associated with the deployment of such a device within an aortic tube graft

2007-09-01

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[Initial experience in endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms in Bulgaria].  

Science.gov (United States)

The abdominal aneurysm imposes prominent epidemiological impact due to its high incidence and life threatening complications. The first steps in endovascular treatment of abdominal aneurysms in Bulgaria are herein described. Five bifurcated and one straight stent-grafts were implanted in the ,,St.Ekaterina" University Hospital for the period from February till May 2004. Satisfactory therapeutic result was achieved in all cases. The continuing follow-up of the patients proved favorable tolerability. The good therapeutic response, lack of perioperative mortality, and low complication rate provide evidence that endovascular repair can have beneficial implication in patients with abdominal aneurysms and high operative risk. PMID:18693509

Petrov, I; Chervenkov, V; Nedevska, M; Nikolov, D; Zakhariev, T; Chirkov, A

2005-01-01

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Tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal em paciente com insuficiência renal crônica Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm in a patient with chronic renal failure  

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Full Text Available A insuficiência renal crônica não-dialítica é uma contra-indicação relativa ao tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta abdominal. O uso de contrastes alternativos, como o gadolínio, além de fornecer imagens de baixa qualidade, está relacionado à nefrotoxicidade. Relatamos um caso de tratamento endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal guiado por eco-Doppler colorido. Um paciente masculino de 82 anos, com aneurisma da aorta abdominal de 55 mm de diâmetro e clearance de creatinina de 17 ml/min, recebeu implante de endoprótese aórtica modular bifurcada, utilizando este método de imagem associado à radioscopia. Não foi empregado contraste iodado. O resultado imediato e os controles de 1 e 6 meses revelam completa exclusão do aneurisma. A função renal permanece inalterada. Concluímos que o implante de endoprótese guiado por eco-Doppler colorido em pacientes com insuficiência renal crônica não terminal e com anatomia favorável é um método factível e seguro.Non-dialytic chronic renal failure is a contraindication related to the endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms. The use of alternative contrast agents, such as gadolinium, provides good-quality images and is associated with nephrotoxicity. We report a case of endovascular treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm guided by color-flow Doppler ultrasonography. An 82-year-old male patient, with abdominal aortic aneurysm (55 mm in diameter and creatinine clearance of 17 ml/min, underwent implantation of modular bifurcated aortic stent-graft, using that imaging method associated with radioscopy. Iodinated contrast was not used. The immediate result and 1- and 6-month controls showed complete aneurysm exclusion. Renal function is still unaltered. We conclude that the stent-graft implantation guided by color-flow Doppler ultrasonography in patients with nonterminal chronic renal failure and with favorable anatomy is a feasible and safe method.

Cleoni Pedron

2006-12-01

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Tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal em paciente com insuficiência renal crônica / Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm in a patient with chronic renal failure  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A insuficiência renal crônica não-dialítica é uma contra-indicação relativa ao tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta abdominal. O uso de contrastes alternativos, como o gadolínio, além de fornecer imagens de baixa qualidade, está relacionado à nefrotoxicidade. Relatamos um caso de tratamen [...] to endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal guiado por eco-Doppler colorido. Um paciente masculino de 82 anos, com aneurisma da aorta abdominal de 55 mm de diâmetro e clearance de creatinina de 17 ml/min, recebeu implante de endoprótese aórtica modular bifurcada, utilizando este método de imagem associado à radioscopia. Não foi empregado contraste iodado. O resultado imediato e os controles de 1 e 6 meses revelam completa exclusão do aneurisma. A função renal permanece inalterada. Concluímos que o implante de endoprótese guiado por eco-Doppler colorido em pacientes com insuficiência renal crônica não terminal e com anatomia favorável é um método factível e seguro. Abstract in english Non-dialytic chronic renal failure is a contraindication related to the endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms. The use of alternative contrast agents, such as gadolinium, provides good-quality images and is associated with nephrotoxicity. We report a case of endovascular treatment of [...] an abdominal aortic aneurysm guided by color-flow Doppler ultrasonography. An 82-year-old male patient, with abdominal aortic aneurysm (55 mm in diameter) and creatinine clearance of 17 ml/min, underwent implantation of modular bifurcated aortic stent-graft, using that imaging method associated with radioscopy. Iodinated contrast was not used. The immediate result and 1- and 6-month controls showed complete aneurysm exclusion. Renal function is still unaltered. We conclude that the stent-graft implantation guided by color-flow Doppler ultrasonography in patients with nonterminal chronic renal failure and with favorable anatomy is a feasible and safe method.

Pedron, Cleoni; Palis, Ana Carla M.; Ristow, Arno von; Vescovi, Alberto; Massière, Bernardo; Cury Filho, José Mussa; Gress, Marcus; Medina, Antonio Luiz de.

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Epithelioid Angiosarcoma With Metastatic Disease After Endovascular Therapy of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Malignancies of the aortic wall represent a rare condition, and only a few reports have covered cases of sarcomas arising at the site of a prosthesis made of Dacron. A coincidence with endovascular repair has only been reported in one case to date. We report a patient with epithelioid angiosarcoma and metastatic disease, which was found in an aneurysmal sac after endovascular aortic repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm.

2012-02-01

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Endovascular Stent Graft Repair of Abdominal and Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective: On November 23, 1992, the first endovascular stent graft (ESG) repair of an aortic aneurysm was performed in North America. Following the treatment of this patient, we have continued to evaluate ESG over the past 10 years in the treatment of 817 patients. Summary and Background Data: Abdominal (AAA) or thoracic (TAA) aortic aneurysms are a significant health concern traditionally treated by open surgical repair. ESG therapy may offer protection from aneurysm rupture with a reduction in procedure morbidity and mortality. Methods: Over a 10-year period, 817 patients were treated with ESGs for AAA (723) or TAA (94). Patients received 1 of 12 different stent graft devices. Technical and clinical success of ESGs was reviewed, and the incidence of procedure-related complications was analyzed. Results: The mean age was 74.3 years (range, 25–95 years); 678 patients (83%) were men; 86% had 2 or more comorbid medical illnesses, 67% of which included coronary artery disease. Technical success, on an intent-to-treat basis was achieved in 93.8% of patients. Primary clinical success, which included freedom from aneurysm-related death, type I or III endoleak, graft infection or thrombosis, rupture, or conversion to open repair was 65 ± 6% at 8 years. Of great importance, freedom from aneurysm rupture after ESG insertion was 98 ± 1% at 9 years. There was a 2.3% incidence of perioperative mortality. One hundred seventy five patients died of causes not related to their aneurysm during a mean follow-up of 15.4 months. Conclusions: Stent graft therapy for aortic aneurysms is a valuable alternative to open aortic repair, especially in older sicker patients with large aneurysms. Continued device improvements coupled with an enhanced understanding of the important role of aortic pathology in determining therapeutic success will eventually permit ESGs to be a more durable treatment of aortic aneurysms.

Marin, Michael L.; Hollier, Larry H.; Ellozy, Sharif H.; Spielvogel, David; Mitty, Harold; Griepp, Randall; Lookstein, Robert A.; Carroccio, Alfio; Morrissey, Nicholas J.; Teodorescu, Victoria J.; Jacobs, Tikva S.; Minor, Michael E.; Sheahan, Claudie M.; Chae, Kristina; Oak, Juliana; Cha, Andrew

2003-01-01

 
 
 
 
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Tratamiento endovascular del trauma de aorta descendente / Endovascular treatment of descending aorta trauma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: Mortality of traumatic aortic lesions is over 80%. A group of those who survive, develop a chronic pseudo aneurism, usually asymptomatic, that is detected during imaging studies. Since conventional surgical treatment of traumatic aortic lesions has a great mortality, endovascular treatme [...] nt has been used as an alternative treatment in the last decade. Aim: To report our experience with endovascular treatment of traumatic aortic lesions. Patients and methods: Report of seven patients aged 22 to 65 years, with traumatic aortic lesions. Under general anesthesia an endovascular prosthesis was inserted through the femoral artery. Results: No complications were observed in the postoperative period, and after a follow up ranging from 4 to 40 months, no endoleaks or other complications have been detected. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of traumatic aortic lesions has good immediate and midterm results

Renato, Mertens M; Francisco, Valdés E; Albrecht, Krämer Sch; Michel, Bergoeing R; Ricardo, Zalaquett S; Cristián, Baeza P; Sergio, Morán V; Manuel, Irarrázaval L; Pedro, Becker R; Alvaro, Huete G; Jeannette, Vergara G; Magaly, Valdebenito G.

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Tratamiento endovascular de transecciones agudas de la aorta descendente Endovascular treatment of acute traumatic aortic rupture  

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Los accidentes por desaceleración súbita se asocian a transección de la aorta torácica, falleciendo 85-90% de ellos en el sitio del suceso. Los que sobreviven presentan habitualmente politraumatismo asociado grave, teniendo la reparación quirúrgica convencional de la aorta una alta morbimortalidad. La reparación endovascular es una alternativa menos invasiva y de menor morbi-mortalidad. Objetivo: Analizar los resultados de la reparación endovascular de transecciones agudas de la aorta...

2011-01-01

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Recognition and treatment of outflow tract stenosis during and after endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To study the cognition and treatment of outflow tract stenosis in and after endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm. Methods: From Mar 1997 to Oct 2002, in 136 patients undergoing abdominal aortic aneurysm endovascular exclusion, 8 patients had outflow tract stenosis during the operation, and 3 patients had outflow tract stenosis after operation. The stenosis of 5 patients occurred at the crotch of the graft-stent. PTA was done in 7 patients and stents were placed in stenotic segment in 2 patients. 2 patients were treated with crossover operation. Results: Following up 1 month to 2 years, all patients have no lower limbs ischemia. Conclusions: The diagnosis of outflow tract stenosis during and after abdominal endovascular exclusion for aortic aneurysm must be in time. The treatment should be according to the different causes of stenosis

2003-02-01

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Aortoduodenal fistula 5 years after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair with the Ancure stent graft.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of aortoduodenal fistula 5 years after uncomplicated endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. The diagnosis was confirmed by abdominal computed tomography scan and esophagogastroduodenoscopy. The patient was successfully treated with primary duodenal repair, removal of the infected graft, in situ placement of a bifurcated graft, and omental interposition. Review of the literature identifies this as one of very few documented aortoduodenal fistulas after endovascular aneurysm repair. Fistulization occurred despite accurate stent graft placement without migration, endoleak, or aortic sac size enlargement on annual postoperative imaging studies. PMID:17398395

Ruby, Blaine J; Cogbill, Thomas H

2007-04-01

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The limitation of MRA reconstruction imaging evaluating intraluminal thrombus on endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the effect of pitfall MRA reconstruction imaging without intraluminal thrombus on endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm. Methods: Comparing the MRA reconstruction imaging with the MRA cross-section imaging, all of 22 patients underwent endovascular exclusion from Jan 2002 to Oct 2002 were included. Results: Intraluminal thrombus possessed the merit of clinical treatment, otherwise would mislead the evaluation of the procedure. Conclusions: It is important to use MRA reconstruction imaging evaluating abdominal aortic aneurysm combining MRA cross-section imaging

2003-08-01

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Protocol-Based Strategy for Endovascular Repair of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms  

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Objective: Compared with conventional open surgery (COS), endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been reported to decrease the 30-day mortality rate in patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (rAAAs). We developed an EVAR-first strategy for rAAAs that incorporates the Shonan ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm protocol (SRAP). We describe short-term results with this protocol at our institution and compare them with outcomes in patients who underwent COS.

Ogino, Hidemitsu; Watanabe, Kazunao; Ikegaya, Yuki; Kawachi, Jun; Shimoyama, Rai; Isogai, Naoko

2013-01-01

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Tratamiento endovascular de urgencia con endoprótesis de aneurisma roto disecado de aorta torácica: A propósito de un caso Emergency endovascular treatment with endoprosthesis of ruptured dissected aneurysm of thoracic aorta: Report of one case  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Los aneurismas de aorta torácica son menos comunes que los aneurismas de aorta abdominal y pueden encontrarse en aorta ascendente, arco aórtico, aorta descendente o en una combinación de estos segmentos. De estos aneurismas el 30% al 40% se originan en la aorta torácica descendente. En los aneurismas de aorta torácica existe una debilidad estructural de la pared de la aorta, que conlleva una dilatación arterial progresiva con eventual ruptura o disección. Aproximadamente, 50% de los aneurismas de aorta torácica son ateroscleróticos y ocurren como resultado de remodelado arterial y dilatación o a raíz de un metabolismo anormal del colágeno. La mayoría de los aneurismas de aorta torácica se descubren por casualidad durante la evaluación de otros problemas médicos. La meta del tratamiento de los aneurismas de aorta torácica, es prevenir la muerte debido a su ruptura. El riesgo de ruptura de los no tratados oscila entre 46% a 74% y la tasa de mortalidad por su ruptura es extremadamente alta. Los aneurismas de gran tamaño, en especial aquellos mayores de 6 cm, son más susceptibles de rupturas que los aneurismas de menor tamaño. El tratamiento endovascular, inicialmente desarrollado para los aneurismas de aorta abdominal, se introdujo en 1992 como una alternativa menos invasiva al tratamiento de cirugía abierta para los aneurismas de la aorta torácica descendente. En la actualidad, el injerto de stent endovascular en la aorta descendente o endoprótesis, recibe mayor atención como alternativa al reparo quirúrgico de los aneurismas de aorta torácica.Thoracic aortic aneurysms are less common than abdominal aortic aneurysms and can be found in ascending aorta, aortic arch, descending aorta or in a combination of these segments. 30% to 40% of these aneurysms are originated in thoracic descending aorta. In thoracic aortic aneurysms there exists a structural wall weakness that leads to a progressive arterial dilation with eventual rupture or dissection. Approximately 50% of all thoracic aortic aneurysms are atherosclerotic and are the result of arterial restructure and dilation or are due to an abnormal collagen metabolism. Most thoracic aortic aneurysms are only found by chance during other medical problems evaluation. The goal of thoracic aortic aneurysms treatment is the prevention of death due to its rupture. Ruptured risk of untreated aneurysms oscillates between 46% and 74% and mortality rate due to its rupture is extremely high. Large aneurysms, especially when they are greater than 6 cm in diameter are more susceptible of ruptures than smaller aneurysms. Endovascular treatment, initially developed for abdominal aortic aneurysms, was introduced in 1992 as a less invasive alternative to open surgery treatment for descending thoracic aortic aneurysms. Endovascular stent or endoprosthesis is actually getting more attention as an alternative to surgical repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms.

José Lugo

2007-12-01

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Tratamiento endovascular del síndrome de vena cava superior Endovascular treatment of superior vena cava syndrome  

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Full Text Available Background: Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS is caused by the obstruction of venous drainage from the upper portion of the body. Common clinical findings are headache and cervical, facial and upper limb edema. Occasionally, clouding of consciousness appears. Aim: to report our experience with endovascular treatment of SVCS. Material and methods: Retrospective review of all patients with SVCS subjected to endovascular treatment between 1999 and 2005. Results: Eight patients were treated, all of them with malignancies. Six had a benign obstruction due to the presence of a chemotherapy catheter located in the superior vena cava, one had obstruction secondary to radiation therapy and one a tumor compression of the superior vena cava. Two patients underwent thrombolytic therapy. Angioplasty and stenting was performed in all patients. The chemotherapy catheter was removed to all patients and installed again in one. One patient had a hemothorax secondary to a simultaneous needle lung biopsy under video thoracoscopy. No patient died in relation to the procedure. Congestive signs and symptoms subsided in all patients within 24 hours after the procedure. During follow up, only one patient had symptoms related to vena cava obstruction and three died due to their malignant tumor. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of SVCS has a low rate of complications and provides immediate and mid-term symptom relief

Michel Bergoeing R

2006-07-01

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Infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Endovascular repair with stent grafts; Infrarenales Bauchaortenaneurysma. Endovaskulaere Stent-Graft-Therapie  

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As an alternative to surgery, endovascular therapy with stent grafts has become the second main treatment option for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. Unlike surgery, endovascular treatment with stent grafts is also applicable in patients unfit for open repair. Despite current improvements in endovascular repair devices, significant anatomic barriers still exclude this technique for a large number of patients. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound are essential for diagnostics, preintervention planning, and postintervention follow-up of abdominal aneurysms treated with stent grafts. This review covers etiology, pathology, and diagnostic aspects. Materials and methods for endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms are presented in detail, and clinical results and complications are discussed. (orig.) [German] Die endovaskulaere Therapie des infrarenalen Bauchaortenaneurysmas hat sich als Alternative zur offenen chirurgischen Versorgung etabliert. Im Gegensatz zu Letzterer ist die Aneurysmatherapie mittels Stent-Grafts auch bei schwerkranken, nicht operationsfaehigen Patienten moeglich, wobei der Nutzen kontrovers diskutiert wird. Im Gegensatz zur klassischen transabdominellen Operation ist die Stent-Graft-Technik anatomischen Einschraenkungen unterworfen, die aber kuenftig aufgrund bereits abzusehender technischer Weiterentwicklungen eine geringere Rolle spielen werden. Die Diagnostik, die Entscheidung fuer eine endovaskulaere Therapie, die praeinterventionelle Planung und die Nachsorge erfordern den Einsatz bildgebender Verfahren, v. a. der Computer- und Magnetresonanztomographie sowie der Sonographie. Die fuer die endovaskulaere Aneurysmabehandlung relevanten Aspekte der Diagnostik werden dargestellt. Auf die Technik, die Materialien, die Ergebnisse und die Komplikationen der Stent-Graft-Behandlung wird ausfuehrlich eingegangen. (orig.)

Wagner, M.; Voshage, G.; Landwehr, P. [Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie, Gefaesszentrum Hannover, Diakoniekrankenhaus Henriettenstiftung gGmbH, Hannover (Germany); Busch, T. [Klinik fuer Gefaesschirurgie, Gefaesszentrum Hannover, Diakoniekrankenhaus Henriettenstiftung gGmbH, Hannover (Germany)

2008-09-15

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Endovascular repair and pharmacotherapy of an inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm complicated by primary aortoduodenal fistula.  

Science.gov (United States)

An inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm complicated by primary aortoduodenal fistula was successfully treated by stent grafting. Pharmacotherapy with octreotide after endovascular aneurysm repair was also performed with the expectation of spontaneous and rapid closure of the fistula. Gastrointestinal endoscopy performed 10 days after endovascular aneurysm repair showed closure of the large aortoduodenal fistula, and oral intake was started on the operative day 16. To date, 16 months after the initial operation, the patient is doing well without any symptoms or signs of infection and without any antibiotic therapy. PMID:21549940

Suezawa, Takanori; Aoki, Atsushi; Tago, Mamoru; Iga, Norichika; Miyahara, Koji; Wato, Masaki; Inaba, Tomoki; Kawai, Kozo

2011-05-01

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Successful Endovascular Repair of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Renal Transplant Recipient  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A renal transplant recipient presented in the early post-transplantation period with rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The high mortality rate of the surgical repair of ruptured aneurysm in addition to the concern of preserving the renal graft prompted us to seek alternative approaches, such as repairing the aneurysm by means of endovascular techniques. The ruptured aneurysm was confirmed by performing computed tomography and digital angiography and thereafter was successfully repaired by endovascular stenting technique (Talent stent-graft), which seems to be a safe and effective method of preserving a renal graft

2006-04-01

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Vicarious excretion of parenteral contrast material after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study is to describe the finding of vicarious excretion of intravascular contrast media in association with endovascular management of an aortic aneurysm and to discuss the clinical significance. Vicarious excretion of intravascular contrast material through the hepatobiliary system will be encountered occasionally following endovascular procedures. Plain abdominal images obtained for the purpose of graft position and structural integrity will increase recognition of this finding. Vicarious hepatobiliary excretion of parenteral contrast media, while associated with renal obstruction or parenchymal pathology, is not pathognomonic for renal pathology. PMID:19000985

Nwoye, Uzoamaka; Padberg, Frank T; Sadeghi-Nejad, Hossein

2008-01-01

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Correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal em paciente com rim em ferradura: relato de caso Endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in patient with horseshoe kidney: a case report  

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Full Text Available O rim em ferradura é uma anomalia congênita rara que pode causar várias dificuldades técnicas durante a correção convencional de aneurisma de aorta abdominal. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 68 anos com rim em ferradura, aneurisma de aorta abdominal sintomático e disfunção renal leve. A paciente foi submetida a correção endovascular, sendo utilizada uma endoprótese bifurcada. O pós-operatório foi livre de complicações. O diagnóstico e a técnica endovascular são discutidos, assim como a literatura revisada.Horseshoe kidney is a rare congenital anomaly that may cause various technical problems during conventional repairs of abdominal aortic aneurysms. We report the case of a 68-year-old woman with a horseshoe kidney, symptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm and mild renal failure. The patient underwent endovascular repair using a bifurcated endoprosthesis. The postoperative was uneventful. We describe the diagnosis and the endovascular technique and literature review.

Eduardo Keller Saadi

2008-09-01

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Tratamento endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal em paciente com rim em ferradura: relato de caso Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm in patient with horseshoe kidney: a case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O rim em ferradura é uma das anomalias urológicas congênitas mais comuns e está presente em cerca de 0,12% dos pacientes com aneurisma de aorta abdominal. O reparo cirúrgico convencional está associado a dificuldades técnicas que provavelmente aumentam a morbidade e a mortalidade, mas que podem ser evitadas com o tratamento endovascular. Relatamos um caso de um paciente de 64 anos com rim em ferradura e aneurisma de aorta abdominal, que foi submetido ao reparo endovascular do aneurisma com sucesso.The horseshoe kidney is one of the most common urologic anomalies and is present in about 0,12% of the patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm. The conventional surgical repair is associated with technical difficulties that probably increase morbidity and mortality, but can be averted by the endovascular treatment. We report a case of a 64-year-old patient with horseshoe kidney and abdominal aortic aneurysm, who underwent endovascular repair with success.

José Manoel da Silva Silvestre

2013-03-01

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Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic para-anastomotic pseudoaneurysm / Correcao endovascular do pseudoaneurisma para-anastomotico de aorta abdominal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Os aneurismas para-anastomóticos de aorta podem ser verdadeiros ou pseudoaneurismas. Estes últimos tendem a ser assintomáticos até a ruptura. Devem ser tratados cirurgicamente, apesar da alta morbimortalidade em sua abordagem. Este relato descreve o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, 68 anos, co [...] m quadro de pseudoaneurisma para-anastomótico pós-aneurismectomia de aorta infrarrenal. Optou-se por correção endovascular, com bons resultados. As técnicas endovasculares vêm se estabelecendo como o método de escolha no tratamento dos pseudoaneurismas anastomóticos. Abstract in english Para-anastomotic aneurysms are either true aneurysms or pseudoaneurysms. The latter tend to be asymptomatic until rupture. Para-anastomotic aneurysms should be approached surgically, despite the high morbidity and mortality associated with their treatment. This report describes the case of a 68-year [...] -old woman who presented with a para-anastomotic pseudoaneurysm secondary to infrarenal aortic aneurysmectomy. We chose to use an endovascular approach, and results were good. Endovascular techniques are increasingly becoming the method of choice in the treatment of anastomotic pseudoaneurysms.

Leonardo Ghizoni, Bez; Francesco Evangelista, Botelho; Julio Cesar Arantes, Maciel; Danilo Martins, Cardinelli.

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Comparison of Endovascular and Open Surgical Repairs for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment Number 144.  

Science.gov (United States)

The objectives of the report are to evaluate treatment options for nonruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA); the relationship of hospital and physician volume to outcomes for endovascular repair (EVAR); affect of patient and AAA factors on outcomes; c...

F. A. Lederle R. MacDonald T. J. Wilt T. S. Rector Y. C. Jonk

2006-01-01

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Tratamiento endovascular del aneurisma de aorta torácica descendente / Endovascular treatment of descending thoracic aorta aneurysms  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: The natural history of aneurysms ends in rupture and death. In 1990 the first endovascular exclusion of an aneurysm, using an endoluminal graft implanted through the femoral arteries was performed. More recently, the same procedure has been used for aneurysms of the thoracic aorta. Aim: [...] To report our experience with endovascular treatment of thoracic aorta aneurysms. Material and methods: Analysis of 14 patients (nine male), aged 30 to 79 years, treated between May 2001 and August 2002. Results: The mean diameter of the aneurysms was 6.9 cm. The etiology was atherosclerotic in nine patients. The Excluder device (Goreâ) was preferentially used. There was no operative mortality or paraplegia. One patient had a transient leg monoparesis that reverted completely. No patient had type I endoleaks. Two patients had type II endoleaks on discharge, that sealed spontaneously. In a follow up, ranging from 2 to 17 months, one patient died of a bronchopneumonia and no aneurysm rupture has been detected. Conclusions: The short term results of endoluminal treatment of thoracic aorta aneurysms are excellent. This treatment is less invasive and has less complications than conventional surgery (Rev Méd Chile 2003; 131: 617-22)

Renato, Mertens M; Francisco, Valdés E; Albrecht, Krämer Sch; Leopoldo, Mariné M; Manuel, Irarrázaval L; Sergio, Morán V; Ricardo, Zalaquet S; Eitan, Schwartz Y; Jeannette, Vergara G; Magaly, Valdebenito G.

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Correção endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal: análise dos resultados de único centro Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: a single-center results analysis  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados clínicos imediatos e em médio prazo do tratamento endovascular em pacientes portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal em um centro de referência para doenças cardiovasculares. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de uma série de pacientes submetidos a tratamento endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal, no período de janeiro de 2009 a julho de 2010. Foram avaliados as características demográficas, o sucesso técnico, o sucesso terapêutico, a morbimortalidade, as complicações e a taxa de reintervenções perioperatórias imediatos, e após um ano de acompanhamento. RESULTADOS: Foram analisados 102 pacientes consecutivos com idade média de 72 ± 9 anos, sendo 79% deles do sexo masculino. Houve sucesso técnico em 97,1% e êxito terapêutico em 81% dos casos. A mortalidade perioperatória foi de 0,9% e a anual, de 7,8%. Foram necessárias reintervenções em 18,8% dos pacientes durante o seguimento. CONCLUSÃO: Em nosso estudo, os resultados obtidos justificam a realização desse procedimento nos pacientes com anatomia adequada.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate immediate and mid-term outcomes in a series of patients submitted to endovascular repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in a reference center for cardiovascular medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present retrospective study included a series of patients treated in the period from January 2009 to July 2010, and evaluated demographic characteristics, technical success, therapeutic success, morbimortality, immediate complications and perioperative reintervention rate in a one-year follow-up. RESULTS: The authors evaluated 102 consecutive patients with a mean age of 72 ± 9 years (79% were men. Technical success was observed in 97.1% of cases, and therapeutic success, in 81%. Perioperative mortality was 0.9% and one-year mortality rate was 7.8%. Reintervention was necessary in 18.8% of the patients during follow-up. CONCLUSION: The outcomes observed in the present study justify performing such a procedure in patients with suitable anatomy.

Eduardo Rafael Novero

2012-02-01

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Endovascular repair for thoracic and abdominal aortic ruptures: single center experience  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Introduction: Abdominal and thoracic aortic rupture is a life-threatening emergency with high mortality rate. Objective: To report our single center experience of endovascular repair of the thoracic and abdominal aortic ruptures Material and methods: Between September 2010 and May 2012, 11 consecutive patients with thoracic and abdominal aortic ruptures underwent endovascular repair in our unit. Thoracoabdominal CT angiography was performed before procedure and after procedure for follow-up. Results: The ages of the patients (9 men, 2 women) were between 26 and 80. Etiologies were ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm for 5, traumatic rupture of the thoracic aorta for 4, thoracic aortic rupture due to mycotic aneurysm for 1 and iatrogenic thoracic aortic rupture for 1 of the patients. Progressive hemoglobin decrease, hemothorax, para-aortic and retroperitoneal hematomas associated with rupture localization were present in all patients. 30 day mortality was 3; one patient died immediately after the procedure, the others died 1 and 8 days after the procedure. The other 8 patients were followed for 1-19 months after the procedure. Paraplegia developed in the patient with iatrogenic thoracic aortic rupture after the procedure. Conclusion: Reduction in mortality rates due to aortic rupture has been reported with the expanding use of the endovascular repair.

2012-11-01

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Medicações referentes às complicações após correção de aneurisma da aorta abdominal endovascular Medication in relation to complications after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Este estudo observacional foi desenvolvido para pesquisar a influência dos medicamentos na ocorrência de complicações após correção endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal. MÉTODO: Foram analisados retrospectivamente os dados clínicos referentes a 70 pacientes consecutivos submetidos à correção endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal em dois centros cirúrgicos vasculares num período de 3 anos. As complicações eram classificadas de acordo com as recomendações do Comitê Designado de Padrões de Tratamento. Foi feita uma distinção entre complicações relacionadas ou não ao stent. Uma análise de regressão foi usada para avaliar a associação entre 12 grupos de medicamentos diferentes e o resultado da correção endovascular. RESULTADOS: Durante um acompanhamento de 70 pacientes-anos, foram relatadas 14 complicações leves (20%, 23 moderadas (33% e sete graves (10%. Trinta pacientes (43% que usaram cumarínicos tiveram significantemente menos complicações não relacionadas ao stent (OR. 0,21; 95% CI 0,05-0,90 comparados com os não usuários. Vinte pacientes (29%, tomando medicamentos antieméticos durante internação, mostraram quatro vezes mais complicações relacionadas ao stent (OR. 4,37; 95% CI 1,10-17,3 e o uso de analgésicos no hospital em 25 pacientes foi associado com mais complicações relacionadas ao stent (OR. 3,81; 95% CI 1,32-11,0. CONCLUSÃO: Medicações parecem estar associados com a ocorrência de complicações após terapia endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal. Pacientes que usaram cumarínicos tiveram menos complicações não relacionadas ao stent. Pacientes que usaram agentes antieméticos durante internação mostraram um número quatro vezes maior de complicações não relacionadas ao stent. Pacientes usando analgésicos durante a internação eram associados com maiores complicações relacionadas ao stent.OBJECTIVE: This observational study was undertaken to explore the influence of medication on the occurrence of complications following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: Clinical data concerning 70 consecutive patients undergoing elective EVAR in two vascular surgical centres over a 3 year period were analysed retrospectively. Complications were graded according to the recommendations of the Ad Hoc Committee on Reporting Standards. A distinction was made between device-related and non-related complications. An adjusted regression analysis was used to assess the association between 12 different medication groups and EVAR outcome. RESULTS: During 70 person years of follow-up 14 mild (20%, 23 moderate (33% and 7 severe (10% complications were recorded. Thirty patients (43% who used coumarin derivates showed significantly less non-device-related complications (OR 0.21; 95%CI 0.05-0.90 compared to non-users. Twenty patients (29% on anti-emetic drugs during hospital stay showed a fourfold more non-device-related complications (OR 4.37; 95%CI 1.10-17.3 and in-hospital use of analgesics in 25 patients was associated with more device-related complications (OR 3.81; 95%CI 1.32-11.0. CONCLUSION: Medication seems to be associated with the occurrence of complications following endovascular therapy of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Patients who used coumarin-derivatives experienced fewer non-device-related complications. Patients who used anti-emetic drugs during hospital-stay showed a fourfold number of non-device-related complications. Patients using analgesics during hospital stay were associated with significantly more device-related complications

Giel G. Koning

2006-06-01

 
 
 
 
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Evaluation of the effect of endovascular options on infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular devices designed to exclude flow to infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) were approved by the Food and Drug Administration in the United States in 1999. This action allowed widespread use of this technology for AAA exclusion. The purpose of this report is to examine trends for use of these modalities, rates of rupture of AAA, and to compare results of open AAA repair with endovascular repair. Results were collected for all hospitals, except for Veterans Administration hospitals, by a state-wide repository. Data for the years 1996 through 1998 and 2001 through 2002 were evaluated, and data from 1999 through 2000 were excluded because no separate codes were available to distinguish between open and endovascular repair. The information gathered is based on the All Patient Refined Diagnostic Related Group (APRDRG; 3M, St. Paul, MN). An average of 718 open, elective AAA was performed between 1996 and 1998. This dropped to 503 open repairs from 2001 to 2002 (P < 0.005). During that same interval, 308 endovascular elective AAA repairs were performed, therefore the total rate of elective repair increased by 100. The average rate of ruptured AAA repairs from 1996 to 1998 was 121 per year, and this dropped to 89 from 2001 to 2002 (P < 0.005). The mortality of open AAA repair during the 1996 to 1998 and 2001 to 2002 intervals was unchanged (4.7%). Mortality from endovascular AAA repair between 2001 and 2002 was 1.9 per cent (P = 0.003). Major morbidity was 14.5 per cent for open, elective AAA repair and 6.3 per cent for endovascular elective repair from 2001 to 2002 (P < 0.001). These data suggest that the advent of endovascular AAA repair has contributed to a reduction in the rate of ruptured AAA repairs, an increase in total procedures performed, and a significant decrease in perioperative deaths and major complications when compared with open AAA repair. PMID:16913313

Sandridge, Layne C; Baglioni, A J; Kongable, Gail L; Harthun, Nancy L

2006-08-01

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Abdominal aortic aneurysms : clinical insights and outcome after endovascular repair  

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Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a focal dilatation of the abdominal aorta. The pathophysiology of AAA is a complex multifactorial process and much is still unknown. Histologic and biochemical analysis of AAA wall characteristics can contribute to a better insight in AAA pathophysiology. To make these characteristics clinically applicable, part 1 of the thesis focuses on associations between aneurysmal wall degeneration and AAA imaging. The association between aneurysm wall characteristics ...

Zandvoort, H. J. A.

2013-01-01

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Endovascular exclusion for the coexistent lesions of abdominal aortic aneurysm, false-aneurysm and dissection  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of endovascular exclusion for complex abdominal aortic aneurysms. Methods: One case with coexistent lesions of abdominal aortic aneurysm, false-aneurysm and dissection received stent-graft exclusion. The bilateral common femoral arteries were dissected, and the humoral artery was punctured to insert the guidewire. The guidewire stretching technique was applied, and the modular stent-graft was deployed to exclude all the aneurysms and dissection simultaneously. Results: The technique of exclusion achieved a thorough success, and all the three aneurysms were excluded simultaneously with no need of additional extension. No complications such as endoleak, migration, occurred. The lumen of revascularization was patent. Conclusion: Based on the case, the indication of the endovascular exclusion can be further expended

2003-02-01

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms in high-surgical-risk patients / Tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Contexto: Após a publicação de um estudo prospectivo e randomizado (Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Trial 2 - EVAR2) que questionou o benefício do tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal (AAA) em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico, decidimos avaliar nossos resultados iniciais e tardios [...] neste grupo de pacientes. Objetivo: Avaliar a mortalidade perioperatória, a sobrevivência tardia, a freqüência das reintervenções, o comportamento dos sacos aneurismáticos, as patências primária e secundária e a incidência de rotura após o tratamento endovascular de AAA em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico. Métodos: Entre abril de 2002 e fevereiro de 2008, 40 pacientes de alto risco anestésico-cirúrgico portadores de AAA foram submetidos ao implante de endopróteses bifurcadas de aorta e incluídos num registro prospectivo. Os dados a respeito do diagnóstico, risco operatório, tratamento e seguimento foram analisados em todos os pacientes. Resultados: 24 endopróteses Excluder® e 16 Zenith® foram implantadas com sucesso. Trinta pacientes (75%) foram classificados como ASA III e 10 (25%) como ASA IV. O diâmetro médio dos AAA era de 64 mm. A mortalidade perioperatória foi de 2,5%. Dois pacientes necessitaram de reintervenção durante o seguimento médio de 28,5 meses. A taxa de sobrevivência aos 3 anos foi de 95%. Houve quatro endoleaks, um caso de endotensão, e uma oclusão de ramo em uma endoprótese. As patências primária e secundária aos 3 anos foram de 97,5 e 100%, respectivamente. Não houve nenhuma rotura. Conclusões: Nossos resultados iniciais e tardios do tratamento endovascular de AAA em pacientes de alto risco são satisfatórios e parecem justificar a indicação deste tratamento neste grupo de pacientes. Abstract in english Background: Following the publication of a prospective randomized trial (Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Trial 2 - EVAR2) that questioned the benefits of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in high-surgical-risk patients, we decided to analyze our initial and long-term results with [...] endovascular AAA repair in this patient population. Objective: To evaluate the operative mortality, long-term survival, frequency of secondary operations, outcome of the aneurysm sac, primary and secondary patency rates, and rupture rate after aortic stent-graft placement in high-surgical-risk patients. Methods: From April 2002 to February 2008, 40 high-surgical and anesthetic risk patients with an AAA managed by a bifurcated aortic endograft were entered in a prospective registry. Data concerning diagnosis, operative risk, treatment and follow-up were analyzed in all patients Results: Twenty-four Excluder® and 16 Zenith® stent-grafts were successfully implanted. Thirty patients (75%) were classed ASA III and 10 (25%) were ASA IV. Mean aneurysm diameter was 64 mm. Operative mortality was 2.5%. Two patients required reintervention during the mean follow-up of 28.5 months. Survival rate at 3 years was 95%. There were four endoleaks, one case of endotension, and one endograft limb occlusion. Primary and secondary patency rates at 3 years were 97.5 and 100%, respectively. There were no ruptures. Conclusions: Initial and long-term results with endovascular treatment of AAA in high-surgical-risk patients were satisfactory, and appear to justify such approach for this patient population.

Célio Teixeira, Mendonça; Ricardo Cesar Rocha, Moreira; Cláudio Augusto de, Carvalho; Bárbara D´Agnoluzzo, Moreira; Janaína, Weingärtner; Alexandre Y., Shiomi.

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Evaluation of Texture for Classification of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm After Endovascular Repair  

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The use of the endovascular prostheses in abdominal aortic aneurysm has proven to be an effective technique to reduce the pressure and rupture risk of aneurysm. Nevertheless, in a long-term perspective, complications such as leaks inside the aneurysm sac (endoleaks) could appear causing a pressure elevation and increasing the danger of rupture consequently. At present, computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is the most common examination for medical surveillance. However, endoleak complicatio...

Garci?a, Guillermo; Maiora, Josu; Tapia, Arantxa; Blas, Mariano

2012-01-01

66

Comparison of Costs of Endovascular Repair versus Open Surgical Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Korea  

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This study was designed to compare the hospital-related costs of elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) treatment and cost structure between endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and open surgical repair (OSR) in Korean health care system. One hundred five primary elective AAA repairs (79 OSRs and 26 EVARs) performed in the Seoul National University Hospital from 2005 to 2009 were included. Patient characteristics were similar between two groups except for older age (P = 0.004) and more frequ...

Min, Sang Il; Min, Seung-kee; Ahn, Sanghyun; Kim, Suh Min; Park, Daedo; Park, Taejin; Chung, Jin Wook; Park, Jae Hyung; Ha, Jongwon; Kim, Sang Joon; Jung, In Mok

2012-01-01

67

Tuberculous aneurysm of the abdominal aorta: endovascular repair using stent grafts in two cases  

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Tuberculous aneurysm of the aorta is exceedingly rare. To date, the standard therapy for mycotic aneurysm of the abdominal aorta has been surgery involving in-situ graft placement or extra-anatomic bypass surgery followed by effective anti-tuberculous medication. Only recently has the use of a stent graft in the treatment of tuberculous aortic aneurysm been described in the literature. We report two cases in which a tuberculous aneurysm of the abdominal aorta was successfully repaired using endovascular stent grafts. One case involved is a 42-year-old woman with a large suprarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm and a right psoas abscess, and the other, a 41-year-old man in whom an abdominal aortic aneurysm ruptured during surgical drainage of a psoas abscess. (author)

Liu, Wei Chiang; Kwak, Byung Kook; Kim, Kyo Nam [Sung Ae General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); And Others

2000-12-01

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Endovascular treatment of huge saccular abdominal aortic aneurysm in a young Behcet patient: mid-term result  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Abdominal aortic aneurysm formation is among the arterial complications of Behcet's disease. Weakness and fragility of aortic walls leads to the development of arterial complications like pseudoaneurysms. Case Presentation A case of huge saccular abdominal aortic aneurysm in a young Behcet patient who was successfully treated with endovascular stent graft placement is reported, diagnostic and interventional procedures are discussed, and mid-term follow-up results are presented. Conclusions Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm complications of young Behcet patients who are not suitable for open surgery and need intervention could be an alternative treatment modality even without performing preprocedural angiography.

Turkoz Riza

2002-03-01

69

Sexual dysfunction in men after open or endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms.  

Science.gov (United States)

Few studies have thoroughly investigated the incidence and detailed the degree of sexual disability after aortic aneurysm surgery. Reports prior to 1990 vary greatly in the incidence of postoperative dysfunction mostly because of nonstandardized methods of assessment. In this article, we compare the incidence of reported sexual dysfunction after aortic reconstruction, open and endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Pertinent studies on sexual dysfunction following open and endovascular aortic aneurysm repair were identified from a MEDLINE search of English-language publications since 1966. Newer standardized methods of assessment have identified relatively high rates of sexual dysfunction prior to and after intervention. Aortic aneurysm patients have a baseline incidence of sexual dysfunction of approximately 30%, which doubles over the next 7 years. Patients who had open aortic operations reported significantly increased sexual dysfunction during the first postoperative year. Endovascular repair with unilateral internal iliac occlusion results in new sexual dysfunction in approximately 10% of patients, but this increases significantly with bilateral internal iliac occlusion. When compared with open operation, the incidence of sexual dysfunction is lower overall in patients with endovascular aortic aneurysm repairs, which includes those who have internal iliac artery occlusion, but it is increased with bilateral iliac occlusion. Surgeons should be aware of the preoperative prevalence of sexual dysfunction in patients undergoing aortic procedures. PMID:15586527

Jimenez, Juan Carlos; Smith, Melissa M; Wilson, Samuel Eric

2004-01-01

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm by bifurcated stent graft  

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To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of endoluminal bifurcated stent graft for the treatment of AAA. Between August 1997 and August 1998, 20 patients with AAA underwent treatment involving the use of a bifurcated stent graft. Fourteen in whom the aneurysm involved only bifurcation and six patients in whom the common iliac arteries were involved. For one patient, a stent with a short proximal neck measuring 12 mm was used. The stent graft was inserted by means of a unilateral surgical femoral arteriotomy. After the procedure, follow up involving CT and aortography was performed between month 3 and month 12. The primary success rate with the first trial was 79 percent (15 of 19 patients), and the overall success rate was 84 percent; one perigraft leak was successfully corrected. In one case, technical failure occurred due to a tortuous iliac vessel and spasm. Procedure-related complications occurred in 16% of patients (3 of 19), one of whom died due to acute renal failure following a contrast overdose. Endovascular treatment of infrarenal AAA by means of a bifurcated stent graft was effective and safe. In particular, if the proximal neck measured more than 1cm, any AAA could be treated using a bifurcated stent graft. Further investigation of the outcome and complications arising during long-term follow-up are needed, however.

Ko, Heung Kyu; Lee, Do Yon; Shim, Won Heum; Jang, Byung Chul; Yoon, Chee Soon; Won, Jong Yoon [Yonsei Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Hwan, Won Je [Aju Univ. College of Medicine, Suwon (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Byung Chul [Ewha Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

1999-11-01

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Correção endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal: análise dos resultados de único centro / Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: a single-center results analysis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados clínicos imediatos e em médio prazo do tratamento endovascular em pacientes portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal em um centro de referência para doenças cardiovasculares. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de uma série de pacientes submetidos a tratamento [...] endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal, no período de janeiro de 2009 a julho de 2010. Foram avaliados as características demográficas, o sucesso técnico, o sucesso terapêutico, a morbimortalidade, as complicações e a taxa de reintervenções perioperatórias imediatos, e após um ano de acompanhamento. RESULTADOS: Foram analisados 102 pacientes consecutivos com idade média de 72 ± 9 anos, sendo 79% deles do sexo masculino. Houve sucesso técnico em 97,1% e êxito terapêutico em 81% dos casos. A mortalidade perioperatória foi de 0,9% e a anual, de 7,8%. Foram necessárias reintervenções em 18,8% dos pacientes durante o seguimento. CONCLUSÃO: Em nosso estudo, os resultados obtidos justificam a realização desse procedimento nos pacientes com anatomia adequada. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate immediate and mid-term outcomes in a series of patients submitted to endovascular repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in a reference center for cardiovascular medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present retrospective study included a series of patients treated in t [...] he period from January 2009 to July 2010, and evaluated demographic characteristics, technical success, therapeutic success, morbimortality, immediate complications and perioperative reintervention rate in a one-year follow-up. RESULTS: The authors evaluated 102 consecutive patients with a mean age of 72 ± 9 years (79% were men). Technical success was observed in 97.1% of cases, and therapeutic success, in 81%. Perioperative mortality was 0.9% and one-year mortality rate was 7.8%. Reintervention was necessary in 18.8% of the patients during follow-up. CONCLUSION: The outcomes observed in the present study justify performing such a procedure in patients with suitable anatomy.

Novero, Eduardo Rafael; Metzger, Patrick Bastos; Angelieri, Fernanda Maria Resegue; Colli, Marcelo Bueno de Oliveira; Moreira, Samuel Martins; Izukawa, Nilo Mitsuru; Rossi, Fabio Henrique; Kambara, Antonio Massamitsu.

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Repair of type I endoleak by chimney technique after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular aneurysm repair is a minimally invasive, durable and effective alternative to open surgery for treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). However, in patients who do not have an adequate sealing zone, open surgical repair is required, which may increase mortality and morbidity. An alternative treatment in patients with challenging anatomy is the so-called "chimney graft" technique. Here, we describe a case using the chimney graft technique for treatment of juxtarenal type I endoleak followed by a previous conventional stent graft insertion to the AAA with good results. PMID:24851230

Kim, Na Hee; Kim, Woo Chul; Jeon, Yong Sun; Cho, Soon Gu; Hong, Kee Chun

2014-05-01

73

Endovascular Treatment of Blunt Traumatic Abdominal Aortic Occlusion With Kissing Stent Placement  

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Blunt traumatic abdominal aortic dissection is extremely rare and potentially deadly. We present the case of a 62-year-old man involved in a frontal car crash. After emergency undergoing laparotomy for bowel injuries, he was referred to our hospital due to acute ischemia of bilateral lower extremities on day 3 after the trauma. Computed tomography and aortography showed an aortobiiliac dissection with complete occlusion. This injury was successfully treated by endovascular treatment with 'kissing'-technique stent placement, which appears to be a safe, effective, and minimally invasive treatment.

Idoguchi, Koji, E-mail: idoguchi@ares.eonet.ne.jp; Yamaguchi, Masato; Okada, Takuya [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan); Nomura, Yoshikatsu [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Japan); Sugimura, Kazuro [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan); Okita, Yutaka [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Japan); Sugimoto, Koji [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan)

2012-10-15

74

[Endovascular and open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm are still both warranted--a systematic review].  

Science.gov (United States)

Abdominal aortic aneurysm can be treated by open surgical repair or by endovascular repair (EVAR) - a less invasive procedure, with lower 30-day mortality and morbidity rates. Twelve studies have been evaluated. The results indicate that for large aneurysms > 5.5 cm, EVAR can be recommended for patients with intermediate to high operative risk. For younger patients, with low operative risk, OR is the preferred method, in light of the continued small risk of rupture after EVAR and the need for lifelong surveillance. PMID:22579093

de la Motte, Louise; Jensen, Leif Panduro

2012-05-14

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Tratamiento endovascular selectivo de la ateroesclerosis de la bifurcación carotídea / Selective endovascular treatment of atherosclerotic carotid disease  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Resumen: El desarrollo de la cirugía endovascular (CE) ha permitido el tratamiento exitoso de la aterosclerosis carotídea en forma mínimamente invasiva. La endarterectomía sigue siendo la mejor alternativa terapéutica para la estenosis de la bifurcación carotídea, estando la CE reservada para pacien [...] tes considerados de alto riesgo médico o anatómico para la cirugía convencional. Objetivo: Analizar nuestros resultados iniciales con la CE aplicada a lesiones ateroscleróticas de la bifurcación carotídea. Estudio retrospectivo de base de datos prospectiva. Material y Método: Se revisan los antecedentes clínicos e imagenológicos de pacientes tratados con CE mediante angioplastía y stenting entre 2005-2007, por estenosis carotídea mayor de 70%. El seguimiento incluyó evaluación clínica y control periódico por imágenes. Resultados: Se realizó tratamiento en 11 pacientes por estenosis crítica (54,6% hombres, 70,6 años, rango: 61-76). La indicación terapéutica fue: alto riesgo médico (5), o anatómico (6). Alrededor de dos tercios de los pacientes consultaron por síntomas neurológicos. El éxito técnico fue de 100%, sin estenosis residual. En el período postoperatorio precoz una paciente tratada por re-estenosis carotídea sintomática presentó déficit isquémico hemisférico en zona limítrofe ipsilateral sin secuela clínica posterior (Rankin 0). La estada hospitalaria fue de 6 días (mediana, rango 2-25). No hubo isquemia miocárdica clínica ni mortalidad perioperatoria. Durante el seguimiento de 17,4 ± 4,8 meses, no hubo mortalidad, déficit neurológico nuevo ni re-estenosis. Conclusión: La CE es una alternativa eficaz con riesgo razonable en seleccionados pacientes portadores de enfermedad aterosclerótica de la bifurcación carotídea con alto riesgo anatómico o médico para la cirugía convencional. Abstract in english Summary: The development of endovascular surgery (ES) has allowed successful treatment of atherosclerotic carotid stenosis. Carotid endarterectomy continúes to be the option of choice for the treatment of carotid bifurcation atherosclerosis; ES is indicated in patients considered to be of high risk [...] for conventional surgery based on medical or anatomical considerations. Aim: To analyze our early results with ES of atherosclerotic carotid stenosis. A retrospective study based on a prospective datábase. Material ano Method: A prospective datábase of medical records and image studies of all patients with carotid stenosis > 70% treated with angioplasty and stenting between 2005-2007 are reviewed. Follow-up included scheduled clinical visits and appropriate image studies. Results: Eleven patients were treated (54.6 % men, 70.6 years, range: 61-76). Indication for ES was high medical (5) or anatomical (6) risk patients. Two thirds of the patients were symptomatic. Technical success without residual stenosis was achieved in all patients. One minor ipsilateral ischemic hemispheric déficit developed in the early postoperative period in one symptomatic patient treated for recurrent bifurcation stenosis, with full recovery at follow-up (Rankin 0). Median hospital stay was six days (2-25). No early mortality or clinical myocardial ischemia was observed. No mortality, brain ischemia ñor restenosis were recorded during the follow- up period (17.4 ± 4.8 months). Conclusions: ES is an excellent alternative for the treatment of carotid bifurcation disease in selected high risk patients.

LEOPOLDO, MARINÉ M.

76

Tratamiento endovascular selectivo de la ateroesclerosis de la bifurcación carotídea Selective endovascular treatment of atherosclerotic carotid disease  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Resumen: El desarrollo de la cirugía endovascular (CE ha permitido el tratamiento exitoso de la aterosclerosis carotídea en forma mínimamente invasiva. La endarterectomía sigue siendo la mejor alternativa terapéutica para la estenosis de la bifurcación carotídea, estando la CE reservada para pacientes considerados de alto riesgo médico o anatómico para la cirugía convencional. Objetivo: Analizar nuestros resultados iniciales con la CE aplicada a lesiones ateroscleróticas de la bifurcación carotídea. Estudio retrospectivo de base de datos prospectiva. Material y Método: Se revisan los antecedentes clínicos e imagenológicos de pacientes tratados con CE mediante angioplastía y stenting entre 2005-2007, por estenosis carotídea mayor de 70%. El seguimiento incluyó evaluación clínica y control periódico por imágenes. Resultados: Se realizó tratamiento en 11 pacientes por estenosis crítica (54,6% hombres, 70,6 años, rango: 61-76. La indicación terapéutica fue: alto riesgo médico (5, o anatómico (6. Alrededor de dos tercios de los pacientes consultaron por síntomas neurológicos. El éxito técnico fue de 100%, sin estenosis residual. En el período postoperatorio precoz una paciente tratada por re-estenosis carotídea sintomática presentó déficit isquémico hemisférico en zona limítrofe ipsilateral sin secuela clínica posterior (Rankin 0. La estada hospitalaria fue de 6 días (mediana, rango 2-25. No hubo isquemia miocárdica clínica ni mortalidad perioperatoria. Durante el seguimiento de 17,4 ± 4,8 meses, no hubo mortalidad, déficit neurológico nuevo ni re-estenosis. Conclusión: La CE es una alternativa eficaz con riesgo razonable en seleccionados pacientes portadores de enfermedad aterosclerótica de la bifurcación carotídea con alto riesgo anatómico o médico para la cirugía convencional.Summary: The development of endovascular surgery (ES has allowed successful treatment of atherosclerotic carotid stenosis. Carotid endarterectomy continúes to be the option of choice for the treatment of carotid bifurcation atherosclerosis; ES is indicated in patients considered to be of high risk for conventional surgery based on medical or anatomical considerations. Aim: To analyze our early results with ES of atherosclerotic carotid stenosis. A retrospective study based on a prospective datábase. Material ano Method: A prospective datábase of medical records and image studies of all patients with carotid stenosis > 70% treated with angioplasty and stenting between 2005-2007 are reviewed. Follow-up included scheduled clinical visits and appropriate image studies. Results: Eleven patients were treated (54.6 % men, 70.6 years, range: 61-76. Indication for ES was high medical (5 or anatomical (6 risk patients. Two thirds of the patients were symptomatic. Technical success without residual stenosis was achieved in all patients. One minor ipsilateral ischemic hemispheric déficit developed in the early postoperative period in one symptomatic patient treated for recurrent bifurcation stenosis, with full recovery at follow-up (Rankin 0. Median hospital stay was six days (2-25. No early mortality or clinical myocardial ischemia was observed. No mortality, brain ischemia ñor restenosis were recorded during the follow- up period (17.4 ± 4.8 months. Conclusions: ES is an excellent alternative for the treatment of carotid bifurcation disease in selected high risk patients.

LEOPOLDO MARINÉ M

2008-12-01

77

Endovascular Management of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: An 8-year Single-Centre Experience  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We aimed to review our experience with the endovascular treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (RAAA). During an 8-year period, 69 patients with a RAAA presented to our department; 67 underwent assessment by computed axial tomography, and 2 died on arrival before any evaluation was possible. A total of 42 patients (63%) were suitable for stent-grafting, and all but 1 (c-arm failure) proceeded to endovascular repair. Of these, 27 underwent surgery with local anaesthesia; 3 did so under general anaesthesia; and a further 11 procedures were commenced with the patient under local anaesthesia and then converted to general anaesthesia. A total of 28 bifurcated and 14 aorto-uni-iliac stent-grafts were implanted. Aortic occlusion balloons were used in 2 (5%) patients. The in-hospital and the 30-day mortality rates were 36% and 41%, respectively. After surgery, 21 complications were encountered in 17 patients. Two patients required reintervention during their hospital stay (1 type I endoleak and 1 limb occlusion). During the follow-up (median 730 days [range 90 to 580 days]), the 1-year and 5-year cumulative survival probabilities were 53% (SE 7.9%) and 50% (SE 8.0%), respectively. Three reinterventions were necessary during follow-up (2 type I endoleaks and 1 graft occlusion). We conclude that endovascular treatment is feasible in the emergency setting, and the early experience is promising. Whether such an approach is superior to open surgery remains to be determined.

2009-03-01

78

Exclusión endovascular de un aneurisma de la aorta abdominal con una endoprótesis fenestrada balón expandible / Endovascular Exclusion of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with a Fenestrated Balloon-Expandable Stent-Graft  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La reparación endovascular de los aneurismas de la aorta abdominal (AAA) es una alternativa atractiva a la cirugía convencional. El límite absoluto para el implante de una endoprótesis estándar es la presencia de una o ambas arterias renales emergiendo del saco aneurismático. En estos casos, el empl [...] eo de dispositivos fenestrados con preservación del flujo sanguíneo de dichas arterias puede ser una alternativa terapéutica al tratamiento convencional. El objetivo de esta presentación es comunicar la colocación de una endoprótesis fenestrada balón expandible en un paciente con AAA, monorreno y con un riñón intrapelviano en el que la arteria renal emergía del saco aneurismático. Por vía femoral derecha sobre una guía rígida se ascendió el tronco aórtico de la endoprótesis. A continuación, por la misma vía, se ascendió el módulo de conexión entre el tronco aórtico y la arteria ilíaca común derecha. Un tercer módulo conectó la rama de la fenestración del segundo módulo con la arteria renal. El procedimiento se completó con la oclusión de la arteria ilíaca común izquierda (mediante stent oclusor) y la realización de un bypass femorofemoral. El éxito clínico y de implante alcanzado con este paciente muestra que las endoprótesis fenestradas son una opción en anatomías complejas y nos alienta a continuar trabajando con este tipo de dispositivos. Abstract in english Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is an attractive option to conventional surgery. The presence of one or both renal arteries emerging from the aneurysmal sac is the absolute limit for implanting a standard stent-graft. In these cases, the use of fenestrated devices that preser [...] ve blood flow to these arteries might constitute a therapeutic option to conventional treatment. The aim of this case report is to describe the implant of a balloon-expandable stent-graft using a fenestrated device in a patient with an AAA and only one kidney located in the pelvis with a renal artery emerging from the aneurysmal sac. A stiff guide-wire was introduced via the femoral artery and the aortic segment of the stent-graft was advanced. A second segment was introduced to connect the aortic trunk with the right common iliac artery. Finally, a third segment connected the fenestrated branch of the second segment with the renal artery. The procedure ended with the placement of an occluder device in the left common iliac artery and a femorofemoral bypass graft surgery. The clinical success achieved with this patient demonstrates that fenestrated stent-grafts are an option in complex anatomies and encourages us to keep on working with this type of devices.

Hernán G., Bertoni; Germán, Girela; Miguel, Peirano; Jorge H., Leguizamón; Sergio, Ludueña; Héctor, Barone.

79

The application of brachial-femoral stretch guidewire in endovascular exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the key technique and application value of brachial-femoral stretch guidewire in endovascular exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Methods: Since Mach 1997 to October 2002, endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm had been preformed on 136 patients. The main body short limb graft was used in 118 cases. (Vanguard 6, Talent 86, AneuRx 2, Zenith 3, domestic 21). 12 of these patients were undergone brachial-femoral guidewire technique for the procedure. Results: All of the 12 cases with brachial-femoral stretch guidewire technique had the stent-grafts introduced, connected and released successfully. One case suffered brachial artery thrombosis postoperatively. One case had left medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve injured, but no other artery or incision complications occurred. 9 cases with the brachial-femoral stretch guidewire technique showed obviously, shortening of the time for this procedure. Conclusions: For the patients with poor general condition or specific anatomic conditions, such as aneurysm diameter >6 cm and the angle between aneurysm and common iliac artery >45 degree, aneurysm necktwist > 30 degree or iliac artery twist > 45 degree, age over 75 years old and combination with more than one important organ disfunction, the brachial-femoral guidewire technique is the valuable method of choice

2003-02-01

80

A Case Report of the Endovascular Treatment of Mycotic Abdominal Aortic Pseudoaneurysms Using a Customized Stent-Graft  

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Abdominal aortic aneurysms located around the major branch of the aorta were treated surgically rather than by endovascular treatment due to the complex anatomy. Recently, the treatment modality evolved towards a customized stent-graft. We report on a case of a mycotic pseudoaneurysm originating in the abdominal aorta at the level of superior mesenteric artery, which was treated with a customized stent-graft.

Jung, Hye Doo; Lim, Jae Hoon; Kim, Jae Kyu [Dept. of Radiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Jeong, Seo In; Yim, Nam Yeol; Chang, Nam Kyu [Dept. of Radiology, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Soo Jin Na [Dept. of Radiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)

2011-09-15

 
 
 
 
81

Unusual perigraft abscess formation associated with stent graft infection after endovascular aortic repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: A case report  

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Although a stent graft infection after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a rare complication, it carries a high mortality and morbidity rate. We report a rare case of stent graft infection that led to an unusual perigraft abscess formation without any associated aortoenteric fistula two years after the EVAR of AAA.

Lee, Hyo Jin; Kim, Song Soo; Ahn, Moon Sang; Lee, Jae Hwan; Shin, Byung Seok; KIm, Jin Hwan [Chungnam National University Hospital, Chungnam National University School of Medicine, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

2014-03-15

82

Endovascular stent-graft placement and secondary intervention for abdominal aortic aneurysm in a patient who had a previously inserted iliac stent  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm is associated with low morbidity and mortality rates when compared to open surgery, and this can be used in patients who are at a high risk for open surgical repair. Also, secondary intervention is an important for achieving intermediate and long term success of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm as this can resolve complications. We report here on endovascular stent-graft placement and a secondary interventional procedure in the abdominal aortic aneurysm of a patient who had a previously inserted iliac stent

2007-04-01

83

Endovascular stent-graft placement and secondary intervention for abdominal aortic aneurysm in a patient who had a previously inserted iliac stent  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm is associated with low morbidity and mortality rates when compared to open surgery, and this can be used in patients who are at a high risk for open surgical repair. Also, secondary intervention is an important for achieving intermediate and long term success of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm as this can resolve complications. We report here on endovascular stent-graft placement and a secondary interventional procedure in the abdominal aortic aneurysm of a patient who had a previously inserted iliac stent.

Jeon, Yong Sun; Cho, Soon Gu; Hong, Kee Chun [Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

2007-04-15

84

Endovascular stent graft repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms: Current status and future directions  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Endovascular stent graft repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA has undergone rapid developments since it was introduced in the early 1990s. Two main types of aortic stent grafts have been developed and are currently being used in clinical practice to deal with patients with complicated or unsuitable aneurysm necks, namely, suprarenal and fenestrated stent grafts. Helical computed tomography angiography has been widely recognized as the method of choice for both pre-operative planning and post-operative follow-up of endovascular repair (EVAR. In addition to 2D axial images, a number of 2D and 3D reconstructions are generated to provide additional information about imaging of the stent grafts in relation to the aortic aneurysm diameter and extent, encroachment of stent wires to the renal artery ostium and position of the fenestrated vessel stents. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of applications of EVAR of AAA and diagnostic applications of 2D and 3D image visualizations in the assessment of treatment outcomes of EVAR. Interference of stent wires with renal blood flow from the hemodynamic point of view will also be discussed, and future directions explored.

Zhonghua Sun

2009-12-01

85

Doses to patients and staff from endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms - Preliminary results  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Patient radiation doses received during endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) can be significant and give rise to both deterministic and stochastic effects. Recording of dose-area product (DAP), fluoroscopy time and number of exposures together with calculations of effective dose, were performed for 8 patients. In addition, the entrance surface dose was measured for 3 of the patients. Typically, DAPs of 340 Gycm2, fluoroscopy times of 30 minutes and 310 exposures were obtained together with maximum entrance surface doses of 1,8 Gy and effective doses of 50 mSv. Finger doses to the staff performing the procedure were in the order of a few hundred ?Sv. Conversion factors (effective dose/DAP) and (maximum entrance surface does/DAP) of 0,61·10-2 Gy/Gycm2 and 0,15 mSv/Gycm2 were obtained, respectively. (author)

2001-03-01

86

[Inflammatory aortic aneurysms: Single center experiences with endovascular repair of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms].  

Science.gov (United States)

We report our single center experience of renal function, hydronephrosis and changes in perianeurysmal fibrosis (PAF) after endovascular repair (EVAR) of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms (IAAA). A total of 6 patients were treated for IAAA with EVAR and the technical success was 100%. During the follow-up period 5 patients showed regression of PAF and 1 patient showed minor progression of PAF on computed tomography scans. In 2 patients hydronephrosis was regressive postoperatively but no patients died within 30 days. There were no secondary complications to report and no secondary intervention was necessary. In the long-term course one patient exhibited complete regression of PAF.In appropriate cases EVAR is a safe method for aneurysm repair for IAAA. In patients with acute inflammation or hydronephrosis individual treatment concepts are required. PMID:20799024

Strube, H; Treitl, M; Reiser, M; Steckmeier, B; Sadeghi-Azandaryani, M

2010-10-01

87

Evaluation of texture for classification of abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

The use of the endovascular prostheses in abdominal aortic aneurysm has proven to be an effective technique to reduce the pressure and rupture risk of aneurysm. Nevertheless, in a long-term perspective, complications such as leaks inside the aneurysm sac (endoleaks) could appear causing a pressure elevation and increasing the danger of rupture consequently. At present, computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is the most common examination for medical surveillance. However, endoleak complications cannot always be detected by visual inspection on CTA scans. The investigation on new techniques to detect endoleaks and analyse their effects on treatment evolution is of great importance for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) technique. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the capability of texture features obtained from the aneurysmatic thrombus CT images to discriminate different types of evolutions caused by endoleaks. The regions of interest (ROIs) from patients with different post-EVAR evolution were extracted by experienced radiologists. Three techniques were applied to each ROI to obtain texture parameters, namely the grey level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM), the grey level run length matrix (GLRLM) and the grey level difference method (GLDM). The results showed that GLCM, GLRLM and GLDM features presented a good discrimination ability to differentiate between favourable or unfavourable evolutions. GLCM was the most efficient in terms of classification accuracy (93.41%?±?0.024) followed by GLRLM (90.17%?±?0.077) and finally by GLDM (81.98%?±?0.045). According to the results, we can consider texture analysis as complementary information to classified abdominal aneurysm evolution after EVAR. PMID:21901536

García, Guillermo; Maiora, Josu; Tapia, Arantxa; De Blas, Mariano

2012-06-01

88

Tratamiento endovascular de 473 aneurismas intracraneanos: resultados angiográficos y clínicos Experiencia colombiana, 1996-2008 / Endovascular coil occlusion of 473 intracranial aneurysms: angiographic and clinical results  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción. La terapia endovascular es una técnica aceptada mundialmente para el tratamiento de aneurismas cerebrales rotos y no rotos. En nuestro medio no hay grandes series publicadas que permitan comprobar la reproducibilidad del método según el grado de oclusión y la morbimortalidad de la técn [...] ica. Objetivo. Evaluar los resultados angiográficos y clínicos de la oclusión endovascular de 473 aneurismas intracraneanos tratados durante un período de 12 años. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo en 376 pacientes con 473 aneurismas intracraneanos tratados por terapia endovascular entre los años 1996 y 2008. Se analizaron las imágenes angiográficas antes del procedimiento y después de él y se registró el estado clínico al momento de ser dado de alta, según la escala de coma de Glasgow. Se evalúo la morbimortalidad asociada con la técnica y los resultados angiográficos inmediatos. Resultados. La factibilidad técnica del procedimiento fue de 96,8%. Según la escala de Hunt y Hess, al momento de la admisión, 8,7% de los pacientes estaban en el grado I, 35,7% en el grado II, 19,2% en el grado III y 7,8% en los grados IV o V. El 28,5% de los pacientes tenían aneurismas no rotos. Los resultados angiográficos inmediatos demostraron oclusión total en 69,6%, presencia de cuello remanente en 17,5% y oclusión parcial o fallida en 16,1% de los pacientes con “embolización”. La mortalidad global fue de 10,4%, con una mortalidad del procedimiento de 1,5%. Se presentaron complicaciones asociadas con la técnica en 7,6% de los aneurismas tratados. Conclusión. El tratamiento endovascular de los aneurismas intracraneanos se asoció con una baja morbimortalidad y una gran factibilidad técnica. Los resultados fueron similares a diversas series publicadas en la literatura mundial, respaldando la reproducibilidad del método en nuestro medio. Abstract in english Introduction. Endovascular therapy is a technique accepted throughout the world for the treatment of ruptured and non-ruptured intracranial aneurysms. In Colombia, however, no summary data have been published that validate the method in terms of occlusion grade and morbimortality. Objective. The cli [...] nical and angiographic outcomes were evaluated for endovascular embolization of 473 intracranial aneurysms treated during a 12 year time interval. Materials and methods. Between 1996-2008, 473 intracranial aneurysms treated by an endovascular approach were included in the current retrospective study. Pre and postprocedural angiographic images were analyzed, and clinical outcome was recorded according to the Glasgow coma scale. Immediate angiographic results and morbimortality were evaluated. Results. The technical feasibility of the procedure was 96.8%. According to Hunt and Hess scale, 8.7% patients were classified as grade I, 35.7% grade II, 19.2% grade III and 7.8% grades IV/V. Non-ruptured aneurysms had occurred in 28.5% of patients. Immediate procedural angiography demonstrated total occlusion in 69.6%, neck remnant in 17.5% and partial or failed occlusion in 16.1%. Global mortality was 10.4% and procedural mortality was 1.5%. Technique-associated complications presented in 7.6% of treated aneurysms. Conclusion. Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms was associated with low morbimortality and high technical feasibility. The results are comparable with other published data summaries and supporting the use of the method in Colombia.

Vargas, Sergio Alberto; Herrera, Diego Alberto; Cornejo, José William.

89

Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Single Center Experience in 122 Patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To analyze a single center experience of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms. Results of 122 patients who underwent EVAR were analyzed, retrospectively. Sex, age, aneurysmal morphology, hostile neck anatomy, preprocedural and postprocedural sac-diameter, technical and clinical success, postprocedural complication and need of additional procedure were analyzed. A total of 111 male and 11 female patients were included. Morphology of the aneurysms was as follows: fusiform (n = 108), saccular (n = 3) and ruptured type (n = 11). Sixty-four patients had hostile neck anatomy. The preprocedural mean sac-diameter was 52.4 mm. Postprocedural sac-diameter was decreased or stable in 110 patients (90.2%) and increased in 8 patients (6.6%). Technical success rate was 100% and clinical success rate was 86.1%. Fifty-one patients showed endoleak (41.8%) and 15 patients (12.3%) underwent secondary intervention due to type I endoleak (n = 4), type II endoleak (n = 4) and stent-graft thrombosis (n = 7). EVAR is a safe and effective therapy for abdominal aortic aneurysm, and it has high technical success and clinical success rate, and low complication rate.

2013-02-01

90

Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Single Center Experience in 122 Patients  

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To analyze a single center experience of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms. Results of 122 patients who underwent EVAR were analyzed, retrospectively. Sex, age, aneurysmal morphology, hostile neck anatomy, preprocedural and postprocedural sac-diameter, technical and clinical success, postprocedural complication and need of additional procedure were analyzed. A total of 111 male and 11 female patients were included. Morphology of the aneurysms was as follows: fusiform (n = 108), saccular (n = 3) and ruptured type (n = 11). Sixty-four patients had hostile neck anatomy. The preprocedural mean sac-diameter was 52.4 mm. Postprocedural sac-diameter was decreased or stable in 110 patients (90.2%) and increased in 8 patients (6.6%). Technical success rate was 100% and clinical success rate was 86.1%. Fifty-one patients showed endoleak (41.8%) and 15 patients (12.3%) underwent secondary intervention due to type I endoleak (n = 4), type II endoleak (n = 4) and stent-graft thrombosis (n = 7). EVAR is a safe and effective therapy for abdominal aortic aneurysm, and it has high technical success and clinical success rate, and low complication rate.

Lee, Yun Young; Song, Jang Hyeon; Kim, Yong Tae; Yim, Nam Yeol; Kim, Jae Kyu; Lee, Ho Kyun; Choi, Soo Jin Na; Chung, Sang Young [Dept. of Radiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Chonnam National University School of Medicine, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Soo Hyun; Chang, Nam Kyu [Dept. of Radiology, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Chonnam National University School of Medicine, Hwasun (Korea, Republic of)

2013-02-15

91

[Hybrid endovascular repair with reconstruction of superior mesenteric and celiac arteries for thoracoabdominal and abdominal aortic aneurysms].  

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A 79-year-old woman presented with sustained thoracolumbar back pain. Contrasted computed tomography (CT) showed a thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA: type I of Crawford classification) and an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) that were not ruptured. Considering her age, the placement of an endovascular stent graft was performed for TAAA at the possible sacrifice of the celiac (CA) and superior mesenteric arteries (SMA). In order to prevent ischemic events, it was necessary that blood supply to the CA and SMA was maintained by placing a graft to each artery from the Y-shaped graft for replacement of AAA. Actually, only CA was sacrificed and coil embolization of CA was needed because of type 2 endoleak. The patient was discharged 17 days after surgery. A hybrid technique, endovascular repair with reconstruction of abdominal branches for TAAA and AAA, can be an alternative procedure for such high-risk operation with multiple aortic aneurysms including TAAA. PMID:22242294

Nakao, Yoshihisa; Mitsuoka, Hiroshi; Furuya, Hidekazu; Shintani, Tsunehiro; Higashi, Shigeki

2011-12-01

92

Outcomes and Prognostic Factors of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in Patients with Hostile Neck Anatomy  

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To evaluate the outcomes and find the prognostic factors of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) in patients with hostile neck anatomy of the abdominal aorta. This study was performed on 100 patients with abdominal aneurysm who were treated with EVAR between March 2006 and December 2010. We divided the patients into two groups: good neck anatomy (GNA), and hostile neck anatomy (HNA) and then compared the primary success rate and the incidence rate of complications with EVAR between the two groups. Our aim was to determine the factors related to the complications of EVAR among HNA types. There were no significant differences of primary success rate and incidence rate of complications between the two groups. Among the types of HNA, the short neck angle [odd ratio (OR), 4.23; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.21-18.70; p = 0.023] and large neck angle (OR, 2.58; 95% CI, 0.15-11.85; p = 0.031) showed a low primary success rate. The short neck angle (OR, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.18-12.29; p = 0.002) and large neck angle (OR, 4.67; 95% CI, 0.14-19.07; p = 0.032) showed a high incidence rate of early type 1 complication. In the case of the large neck angle (OR, 3.78; 95% CI, 0.96-20.80; p = 0.047), the large neck thrombus (OR, 2.23; 95% CI, 0.24-7.12; p = 0.035) and large neck calcification (OR, 2.50; 95% CI, 0.08-18.37; p 0.043) showed a high incidence rate of complications within a year. The results suggest that patients with hostile neck anatomy can be treated with EVAR successfully, although there was a higher incidence of complications in patients with a short neck length, severe neck angulation, circumferential thrombosis, and calcified proximal neck.

2012-09-01

93

Outcomes and Prognostic Factors of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in Patients with Hostile Neck Anatomy  

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To evaluate the outcomes and find the prognostic factors of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) in patients with hostile neck anatomy of the abdominal aorta. This study was performed on 100 patients with abdominal aneurysm who were treated with EVAR between March 2006 and December 2010. We divided the patients into two groups: good neck anatomy (GNA), and hostile neck anatomy (HNA) and then compared the primary success rate and the incidence rate of complications with EVAR between the two groups. Our aim was to determine the factors related to the complications of EVAR among HNA types. There were no significant differences of primary success rate and incidence rate of complications between the two groups. Among the types of HNA, the short neck angle [odd ratio (OR), 4.23; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.21-18.70; p = 0.023] and large neck angle (OR, 2.58; 95% CI, 0.15-11.85; p = 0.031) showed a low primary success rate. The short neck angle (OR, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.18-12.29; p = 0.002) and large neck angle (OR, 4.67; 95% CI, 0.14-19.07; p = 0.032) showed a high incidence rate of early type 1 complication. In the case of the large neck angle (OR, 3.78; 95% CI, 0.96-20.80; p = 0.047), the large neck thrombus (OR, 2.23; 95% CI, 0.24-7.12; p = 0.035) and large neck calcification (OR, 2.50; 95% CI, 0.08-18.37; p 0.043) showed a high incidence rate of complications within a year. The results suggest that patients with hostile neck anatomy can be treated with EVAR successfully, although there was a higher incidence of complications in patients with a short neck length, severe neck angulation, circumferential thrombosis, and calcified proximal neck.

Jung, Hye Doo; Lee, Yun Young; Lee, Seung Jin; Yim, Nam Yeol; Kim, Jae Kyu; Choi, Soo Jin Na; Jung, Sang Young [Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Chang, Nam Kyu [Dept. of Radiology, St. Carollo Hospital, Suncheon (Korea, Republic of); Lim, Jae Hoon [Dept. of Radiology, Donggunsan Hospital, Gunsan (Korea, Republic of)

2012-09-15

94

Low-dose multidetector-row CT-angiography of abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular repair  

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Purpose: To investigate the possibility of reducing radiation dose exposure while maintaining image quality using multidetector computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) with high-concentration contrast media in patients undergoing follow-up after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) to treat abdominal aortic aneurysm. Materials and methods: In this prospective, single center, intra-individual study, patients underwent two consecutive MDCTA scans 6 months apart, one with a standard acquisition protocol (130 mAs/120 kV) and 120 mL of iomeprol 300, and one using a low dose protocol (100 mAs/80 kV) and 90 mL of iomeprol 400. Images acquired during the arterial phase of contrast enhancement were evaluated both qualitatively and quantitatively for image noise and intraluminal contrast enhancement. Results: Thirty adult patients were prospectively enrolled. Statistically significantly higher attenuation values were measured in the low-dose acquisition protocol compared to the standard protocol, from the suprarenal abdominal aorta to the common femoral artery (p < 0.0001; all vascular segments). Qualitatively, image quality was judged significantly (p = 0.0002) better with the standard protocol than with the low-dose protocol. However, no significant differences were found between the two protocols in terms of contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) (13.63 ± 6.97 vs. 11.48 ± 8.13; p = 0.1058). An overall dose reduction of up to 74% was observed for the low-dose protocol compared with the standard protocol. Conclusion: In repeat follow-up examinations of patients undergoing EVAR for abdominal aortic aneurysm, a low-dose radiation exposure acquisition protocol provides substantially reduced radiation exposure while maintaining a constant CNR and good image quality.

2011-07-01

95

Low-dose multidetector-row CT-angiography of abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular repair  

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Purpose: To investigate the possibility of reducing radiation dose exposure while maintaining image quality using multidetector computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) with high-concentration contrast media in patients undergoing follow-up after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) to treat abdominal aortic aneurysm. Materials and methods: In this prospective, single center, intra-individual study, patients underwent two consecutive MDCTA scans 6 months apart, one with a standard acquisition protocol (130 mAs/120 kV) and 120 mL of iomeprol 300, and one using a low dose protocol (100 mAs/80 kV) and 90 mL of iomeprol 400. Images acquired during the arterial phase of contrast enhancement were evaluated both qualitatively and quantitatively for image noise and intraluminal contrast enhancement. Results: Thirty adult patients were prospectively enrolled. Statistically significantly higher attenuation values were measured in the low-dose acquisition protocol compared to the standard protocol, from the suprarenal abdominal aorta to the common femoral artery (p < 0.0001; all vascular segments). Qualitatively, image quality was judged significantly (p = 0.0002) better with the standard protocol than with the low-dose protocol. However, no significant differences were found between the two protocols in terms of contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) (13.63 {+-} 6.97 vs. 11.48 {+-} 8.13; p = 0.1058). An overall dose reduction of up to 74% was observed for the low-dose protocol compared with the standard protocol. Conclusion: In repeat follow-up examinations of patients undergoing EVAR for abdominal aortic aneurysm, a low-dose radiation exposure acquisition protocol provides substantially reduced radiation exposure while maintaining a constant CNR and good image quality.

Iezzi, R., E-mail: iezzir@virgilio.it [Department of Bioimaging and Radiological Sciences, Institute of Radiology, ' A. Gemelli' Hospital - Catholic University, L.go A Gemelli 8, 00168 Rome (Italy); Department of Clinical Science and Bioimaging, Section of Radiology, University ' G. D' Annunzio' , Chieti (Italy); Cotroneo, A.R.; Giammarino, A. [Department of Clinical Science and Bioimaging, Section of Radiology, University ' G. D' Annunzio' , Chieti (Italy); Spigonardo, F. [Department of Vascular Surgery, University ' G. D' Annunzio' , Chieti (Italy); Storto, M.L. [Department of Clinical Science and Bioimaging, Section of Radiology, University ' G. D' Annunzio' , Chieti (Italy)

2011-07-15

96

Tratamiento endovascular y trombólisis intraarterial en el ictus isquémico agudo Endovascular treatment and intra-arterial thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke  

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Full Text Available Objetivo: Analizar la eficacia y la seguridad de la trombólisis intraarterial y el tratamiento endovascular en pacientes con ictus isquémico agudo. Diseño y ámbito: Estudio prospectivo observacional en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Pacientes: Dieciséis pacientes recibieron tratamiento endovascular. Se recogieron datos epidemiológicos, localización de la oclusión arterial, tiempo desde el ictus al tratamiento, indicación del tratamiento, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale al ingreso y al alta hospitalaria, y complicaciones y evolución funcional por escala de Rankin modificada realizada mediante una encuesta telefónica. Resultados: Diez varones, con una edad media de 59 años (29-74 y una estancia media en la unidad de cuidados intensivos de 6 días (1-33. Siete pacientes requirieron ventilación mecánica. Indicación del tratamiento: 4 casos por fracaso de la trombólisis intravenosa, 5 por oclusión de gran vaso, 2 por estar fuera de la ventana terapéutica, 3 por oclusión de la circulación posterior, uno por estar fuera de la ventana terapéutica y tener, además, una oclusión de gran vaso y uno por contraindicación para la trombólisis intravenosa. Localización de la oclusión: 3 en la circulación posterior y 13 en el territorio carotídeo y sus ramas. El fibrinolítico utilizado fue uroquinasa en dosis de 100.000-600.000 UI. Cuatro pacientes requirieron embolectomía mecánica y 10, implantación de stent. Se obtuvo recanalización completa en 11 pacientes (69% y parcial en 4 (25%. Tres pacientes evolucionaron a muerte encefálica. Seis pacientes (46% tuvieron una buena recuperación (escala de Rankin modificada 10 -tiempo de evolución de 3-6h-, y contraindicacio'n para la trombólisis intravenosa y la oclusión arterial proximal.Objective: Analysis of the safety and efficacy of intra-arterial thrombolysis therapy and endovascular treatment in acute ischemic stroke. Design and area: An observational prospective study in the Intensive Care Unit. Patients and methods: 16 patients had endovascular treatment. Epidemiological data, arterial occlusion site, time between stroke onset and treatment, treatment indication, NIHSS scale at admission and discharge from hospital, complications and functional outcome measured by modified Rankin scale (obtained by telephone survey were collected. Results: Ten male patients with a mean age of 59 years (29-74 were included. The mean stay in the ICU was 6 days (1-33. Seven patients required mechanical ventilation. Treatment indications were: intravenous thrombolysis failure in 4 patients, major vessel occlusion in 5, outside of the therapeutic window in 2, posterior circulation occlusion in 3, outside of the therapeutic window plus major vessel occlusion in 1 and intravenous thrombolysis contraindication in 1. The occlusion site was on posterior circulation in 3 and on carotid territories and branches in 13. Thrombolytic treatment used was Urokinase at a dose of 100,000-600,000IU. Four patients required mechanical embolectomy and 10 stent implantation. Complete recanalization was observed in 11 (69% and partial in 4 (25%. Three evolved to brain death. Six patients (46% had a favorable outcome (modified Rankin scale score 10, evolution time between 3-6h, intravenous thrombolysis contraindication and proximal arterial occlusion.

D. Escudero

2010-09-01

97

Lack of major gender-related differences in patients undergoing elective endovascular or surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

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AIM: The aim of this single center retrospective study was to determine gender-related differences in patients undergoing repair of aortic aneurysm. METHODS: A total of 296 consecutive patients with an abdominal aneurysm undergoing elective endovascular or surgical repair was included in the study. Among these, 24 (8.1%) were females and 272 (91.9%) were males. Demographic and clinical characteristics as well as laboratory values in terms of any potential gender-specific differences were comp...

2009-01-01

98

Aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal: correção endovascular combinada com derivação ilíaco-renal direita para criar colo proximal adequado Juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm: combined endovascular and open repair with right iliorenal bypass to create adequate proximal neck  

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Full Text Available Homem de 78 anos de idade, portador de múltiplas morbidades clínicas deu entrada na emergência com um aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal em condições hemodinâmicas estáveis. A tomografia computadorizada caracterizou aneurisma de 6 cm de diâmetro, e a distância do colo proximal do aneurisma era de 5 mm em relação à artéria renal direita e 28 mm à esquerda. Em virtude das condições clínicas do paciente, optou-se pelo reparo endovascular, mas previamente fez-se uma derivação ilíaco-renal direita com enxerto de politetrafluoretileno, via retroperitoneal para se criar um colo proximal adequado. Após quatro dias, o aneurisma de aorta abdominal foi corrigido colocando-se uma endoprótese Excluder® sem intercorrências. O seguimento pós-operatório evidenciou boa perfusão do rim esquerdo e ausência de migração ou endoleak da endoprótese. Este caso ilustra a combinação de técnicas para tornar possível o reparo de aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico e anatomia desfavorável.A 78-year-old man with a juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm and several comorbid conditions was admitted at the emergency room in hemodynamically stable conditions. Computed tomography revealed an aneurysm measuring 6 cm in diameter beginning 28 mm below the left renal artery and 5 mm below the right renal artery. Because of the patient's clinical status, a bypass from the right iliac artery to the right renal artery was performed through a retroperitoneal approach using a polytetrafluoroethylene vascular graft. Four days later, an endovascular aneurysm repair was successfully performed using an Excluder® stent-graft. Postoperative follow-up showed good left renal perfusion and no migration or endoleak. This case illustrates the effectiveness of combining open and endovascular techniques to repair juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in high-risk patients with unfavorable anatomy.

Matheus Bredarioli

2007-06-01

99

Predictors of adverse events after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: A meta-analysis of case reports  

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Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is a life-saving intervention. Nevertheless, complications have a major impact. We review the evidence from case reports for risk factors of complications after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Case presentation We selected case reports from PubMed reporting original data on adverse events after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Extracted risk factors were: age, sex, aneurysm diameter, comorbidities, re-interventions, at least one follow-up visit being missed or refusal of a re-intervention by the patient. Extracted outcomes were: death, rupture and (non-device-related complications. In total 113 relevant articles were selected. These reported on 173 patients. A fatal outcome was reported in 15% (N = 26 of which 50% came after an aneurysm rupture (N = 13. Non-fatal aneurysm rupture occurred in 15% (N = 25. Endoleaks were reported in 52% of the patients (N = 90. In half of the patients with a rupture no prior endoleak was discovered during follow-up. In 83% of the patients one or more re-interventions were performed (N = 143. Mortality was higher among women (risk ratio 2.9; 95% confidence interval 1.4 to 6.0, while the presence of comorbidities was strongly associated with both ruptures (risk ratio 1.6; 95% confidence interval 0.9 to 2.9 and mortality (risk ratio 2.1; 95% confidence interval 1.0 to 4.7. Missing one or more follow-up visits (?1 or refusal of a re-intervention by the patient was strongly related to both ruptures (risk ratio 4.7; 95% confidence interval 3.1 to 7.0 and mortality (risk ratio 3.8; 95% confidence interval 1.7 to 8.3. Conclusion Female gender, the presence of comorbidities and at least one follow-up visit being missed or refusal of a re-intervention by the patient appear to increase the risk for mortality after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Larger aneurysm diameter, higher age and multimorbidity at the time of surgery appear to increase the risk for rupture and other complications after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. These risk factors deserve further attention in future studies.

Schlösser Felix JV

2008-09-01

100

Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: long-term follow-up of endovascular versus open repair  

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Introduction To compare early and long-term outcomes of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) versus open repair (OPEN). Design: Prospective observational, per protocol, non-randomized, with retrospective analyses. Material and methods Between 2000 and 2005, a total of 311 patients having EVAR or OPEN repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms were identified and included in this prospective single-center observational study. A propensity score-based optimal-matching algorithm was employed, and 138 patients undergoing EVAR procedures were matched (1: 1) to OPEN repair. Results Open repair showed higher hospital mortality (17% vs. 6%, p = 0.004), respiratory failure (p < 0.026), transfusion requirement (p < 0.001), and intensive care unit admission (27% vs. 7%, p < 0.001), and longer hospitalization (p < 0.001). Median follow-up was 70 months (25th to 75th percentile, 24 to 101). Actuarial survival estimates at 1, 5 and 10 years were 93%, 74%, 49% for the OPEN group compared to 89%, 69%, 59% for the EVAR group (p = 0.465). A significant difference between groups was observed in younger patients (< 75 years) only (p < 0.044). Late complication and re-intervention rates were significantly higher in EVAR patients (p < 0.001 and p = 0.002, respectively). Freedom from late complications at 1, 5 and 10 years was 96%, 92%, 86%, and 84%, 70%, 64% for OPEN and EVAR procedures, respectively. Conclusions Our experience confirms the excellent results of the EVAR procedures, offering excellent early and long-term results in terms of safety and reduction of mortality. Patients < 75 years seem to benefit from EVAR not only in the immediate postoperative period but even in a long-term perspective.

Mariscalco, Giovanni; Riva, Francesca; Fontana, Federico; Carrafiello, Gianpaolo; Castelli, Patrizio

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
101

Impact of introducing endovascular aneurysm repair on treatment strategy for repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm.  

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Background:?The objective of the present study was to assess the hypothesis that the introduction of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) into Japan has expanded the indication of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair without increasing surgical mortality. Methods and Results:?From 10 national hospitals, we registered a total of 2,154 consecutive patients (Open surgery [OS]: n=1,577, EVAR: n=577) over 8 years, divided into 4 time periods: Group I (2005-2006: n=522), Group II (2007-2008: n=475), Group III (2009-2010: n=551), Group IV, (2011-2012: n=606). Mean age increased over the 4 time periods (P<0.0001). The incidences of COPD, smoking history, history of abdominal surgery and concomitant malignancy significantly increased as well, while the numbers of patients with preoperative shock or high ASA status reduced over time. The proportion of EVAR in AAA repair increased from: 0% in Group I, 11.6% in Group II, 41.0% in Group III, to 48.8% in Group IV (P<0.0001). Early mortality was 0.8% in the EVAR and 3.4% in the OS (P<0.001) groups. Survival rates among the 4 groups free of all-cause death and aneurysm-related death at 1 year were 92.1-96.3% (P=0.1555) and 95.5-96.8% (P=0.9891), respectively. Multiple logistic regression analysis for surgical death failed to demonstrate survival advantage of EVAR over OS. Conclusions:?Introduction of EVAR expanded the indication of AAA repair without increasing mortality, while high risk for anesthesia and emergency cases reduced over time. UMIN-CTR (UMIN000008345)??(Circ J?2014; 78: 1104-1111). PMID:24662402

Handa, Nobuhiro; Yamashita, Masafumi; Takahashi, Toshiki; Onohara, Toshihiro; Okamoto, Minoru; Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi; Shimoe, Yasushi; Okada, Masahiro; Ishibashi, Yoshimitsu; Kasashima, Fuminori; Kishimoto, Jyunji; Mizuno, Akihiro; Kei, Jyun-Ichi; Nakai, Mikizou; Suhara, Hitoshi; Endo, Masamitsu; Nishina, Takeshi; Furuyama, Tadashi; Kawasaki, Masakazu; Ueno, Yoichirou

2014-04-25

102

Endovascular therapy of abdominal aortic aneurysm: results of a mid-term follow-up  

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Prospective study to evaluate clinical results and complications of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment in a mid-term follow-up. Materials and methods: A total of 122 patients (9 females, 113 males, average age 70.0±7,9 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with stent grafts (53 Vanguard or Stentor endografts, 69 Talent endografts). Group I consisted of 40 patients who had all aortic tributaries of the aneurysm sac occluded prior to endovalscular grafting, either spontaneously by parietal thrombosis or by selective coil embolization of the respective ostia preserving collateral circulation distal to the vessel occlusion. Group II consisted of 82 patients and included all cases without or with incomplete coil embolization with at least one patent vessel. Stent grafting was performed in general anesthesia in the first 21 patients, followed by peridural anesthesia in 15 cases, and local anesthesia with conscious sedation in 86 cases. The results were evaluated with Spiral-CT, MRI and radiographs of the endovascular graft, with follow-up examinations obtained at 3, 6, 12 months, and every year - Implantation was successfully completed in all cases without primary conversion surgery, laparotomy or any significant complication. Mean follow-up was 29±21 months (maximum 82 months). The 30-day mortality was 0,8% due to a myocardial infarction 3 days after discharge from the hospital. A total of 47 re-interventions were performed in 29 patients (23.8%), with 35 re-interventions in 18 cases with Vanguard or Stentor endografts and 12 re-interventions in 11 patients with Talent endografts. 23 percutaneous re-interventions included distal graft extension (n=11), Wallstent for kinking and limb stenosis (n=3), and secondary coil embolization of collateral vessels (n=9). 24 surgical re-interventions included proximal graft extension (n=6), new endovascular grafts (n=3), surgical clipping of lumbar and mesenteric artery branches for type-II endoleaks following ineffective secondary coil embolization (n=1), and femorofemoral crossover bypasses (n=4). A total of 10 secondary conversion operations were performed because of damage to the membrane (n=4; 3 Vanguard endografts, 1 Talent endograft), significant caudal migrations (n=5; 4 Vanguard endografts, 1 Talent endograft) associated with type-I endoleaks (n=2), limb occlusion (n=1), disconnection of graft components (n=1), and significant endoluminal thrombus deposits (n=1). One patient, who was followed for 82 months, suffered from a significant endoleak for 10 months with increasing aneurysm diameter but he refused surgery. He was admitted with aneurysm perforation and was successfully operated with aortic graft replacement. Compared to group II, the incidence and size of endoleaks was reduced in group I (incidence 19.2% versus 29.9%, p<0.05). Group I demonstrated significantly better aneurysm shrinkage at 36 months follow-up (? sagittal diameter -11.1±8.4 mm versus -4.9±6.2 mm, p<0.05). (orig.)

2003-10-01

103

Endovascular Therapy of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Mid- and Long-Term Results  

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As an alternative to open aneurysm repair, emergency endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) has emerged as a promising technique for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (rAAA) within the last decade. The aim of this retrospective study is to present early and late outcomes of patients treated with EVAR for rAAA. Twenty-two patients (5 women, 17 men; mean age, 74 years) underwent EVAR for rAAA between November 2000 and April 2006. Diagnostic multislice computed tomography angiography was performed prior to stent-graft repair to evaluate anatomical characteristics and for follow-up examinations. Periprocedural patient characteristics and technical settings were evaluated. Mortality rates, hospital stay, and early and late complications, within a mean follow-up time of 744 ± 480 days, were also assessed. Eight of 22 patients were hemodynamically unstable at admission. Stent-graft insertion was successful in all patients. The total early complication rate was 54%, resulting in a 30-day mortality rate of 23%. The median intensive care unit stay was 2 days (range, 2-48 days), and the median hospital stay was 16 days (range, 9-210 days). During the follow-up period, three patients suffered from stent-graft-related complications. The overall mortality rate in our study group was 36%. EVAR is an acceptable, minimally invasive treatment option in patients with acute rAAA, independent of the patient's general condition. Short- and long-term outcomes are definitely comparable to those with open surgical repair procedures

2008-05-01

104

Type II Endoleak After Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Effectiveness of Embolization  

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The purpose of this study was to report our experience in treating type II endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Two hundred eighteen patients underwent EVAR with a Zenith stent-graft from January 2000 to December 2005. During a follow-up period of 4.5 ± 2.3 years, solely type II endoleak was detected in 47 patients (22%), and 14 of them underwent secondary interventions to correct this condition. Ten patients had transarterial embolization, and four patients had translumbar/transabdominal embolization. The embolization materials used were coils, thrombin, gelatin, Onyx (ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer), and glue. Disappearance of the endoleak without enlargement of the aneurysm sac after the first secondary intervention was achieved in only five of these patients (5/13). One patient without surveillance imaging was excluded from analyses of clinical success. After additional interventions in four patients and the spontaneous disappearance of type II endoleak in two patients, overall clinical success was achieved in eight patients (8/12). One patient did not have surveillance imaging after the second secondary intervention. Clinical success after the first secondary intervention was achieved in two patients (2/9) in the transarterial embolization group and three patients (3/4) in the translumbar embolization group. The results of secondary interventions for type II endoleak are unsatisfactory. Although the small number of patients included in this study prevents reliable comparisons between groups, the results seem to favor direct translumbar embolization in comparison to transarterial embolization.

2010-04-01

105

Endovascular Treatment of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Lesions With or Without Common Iliac Artery Involvement  

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To evaluate the results of stent placement for obstructive atherosclerotic aortic disease with or without involvement of the common iliac artery. Forty patients had self-expanding stents primarily or after balloon dilatation in the abdominal aorta between January 2005 and May 2011. All patients had trouble walking. Follow-up examinations were performed with clinical visits; these included color Doppler ultrasonography and computed tomographic angiography. Technical, clinical, and hemodynamic success was achieved in all patients. None of the patients underwent reintervention during the follow-up period, which ranged from 3 months to 6 years (median 24 months). Nine complications occurred in six patients. Of the nine complications, four were distal thromboembolisms, which were successfully treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis or anticoagulation therapy. Endovascular treatment of the obstructive aortic disease using self-expanding stents was safe and effective, with high technical success and long-term patency. Thromboembolic complications were high even though direct stenting was considered protective for thromboembolism formation. Particularly for infrarenal aortic stenosis, it can be recommended as the first-line treatment option for patients with obstructive atherosclerotic aortic disease.

Oender, Hakan, E-mail: drhakanonder@hotmail.com [Dicle University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Oguzkurt, Levent [Baskent University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Guer, Serkan [Sifa University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Tekbas, Gueven [Dicle University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Guerel, Kamil [Abant Izzet Baysal University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Coskun, Isa [Baskent University Medical Faculty, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Turkey); Oezkan, Ugur [Baskent University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey)

2013-02-15

106

Detection of type II endoleaks in abdominal aortic aneurysms after endovascular repair.  

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Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a condition where the weakening of the aortic wall leads to its widening and the generation of a thrombus. To prevent a possible rupture of the aortic wall, AAA can be treated non-invasively by means of the endovascular aneurysm repair technique (EVAR), consisting of placing a stent-graft inside the aorta by a cateter to exclude the aneurysm sac from the blood circulation. A major complication is the presence of liquid blood turbulences, called endoleaks, in the thrombus formed in the space between the aortic wall and the stent-graft. In this paper we propose an automatic method for the detection of type II endoleaks in computer tomography angiography (CTA) images. The lumen and thrombus in the aneurysm area are first segmented using a radial model approach. Then, these regions are split into Thrombus Connected Components (TCCs) using a watershed-based segmentation and geometric and image content-based characteristics are obtained for each TCC. Finally, TCCs are classified into endoleaks and non-endoleaks using a multilayer Perceptron (MLP) trained on manual labeled sample TCCs provided by experts. PMID:21855862

Macía, I; Graña, M; Maiora, J; Paloc, C; de Blas, Mariano

2011-10-01

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Reparación endovascular de Aneurisma aórtico abdominal: Estudio piloto de endoprótesis Ovation™. Resultados comparativos / Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: comparative results of a pilot study using the Ovation™ prosthesis  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: Las endoprótesis actuales para tratar aneurismas aórticos (AAA) requieren introductores de alto diámetro (18-25F) y se sustentan excluyendo el aneurisma, mediante la fuerza radial de stents metálicos. Objetivo: prótesis Ovation™ (TriVascular, EEUU) con aquellas disponibles en el mercad [...] o. Material y Método: Entre Noviembre 2009 y Agosto 2010 tratamos 47 AAA. En 10 pacientes usamos Ovation™ (Grupo 1). Grupo Control (2): diez pacientes tratados contemporáneamente con endoprótesis comerciales. Ovation™ es tri-modular, de PTFE y nitinol con un stent barbado para fijación supra-renal. Sella bajo las arterias renales mediante 2 anillos llenados con un polímero durante el implante. Usa introductor 13-15F. Usa-Philips-Allura (Best, Holanda). Comparamos: duración del procedimiento, hospitalización y complicaciones. Utilizamos test de Fisher exacto y t de student no pareado. Resultados: Éxito técnico 100%. Sin diferencia entre grupos (edad, sexo, tamaño AAA, riesgo ASA, laboratorio preoperatorio). Tiempo operatorio (hrs): 2,12 ± 0,7 vs. 2,0 ± 0,6 (NS). Estadía postoperatoria (hrs): 44,5 ± 10,7 vs 49,5 ± 32,0 (NS). El cuello del AAA y la permanencia en UTI fueron más cortos en grupo 1 (p= 0,035 y 0,0451). Seguimiento (4,5-12 meses) sin eventos adversos, endofugas tipo I ni III, ni re-intervenciones. Conclusiones: Los resultados con Ovation™ a corto plazo son comparables con los de otras endoprótesis, cumpliendo con estándares de eficacia y seguridad. Ovation ™ navega por vasos pequeños, permite un despliegue preciso y sellado efectivo en cuellos > 7 mm, ampliando el tratamiento endovascular del AAA. Abstract in english Background. Current endografts used in treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), use large (18-25F) delivery systems. Graft fixation and aneurysm sealing is obtained by a proximal stent, requiring an aortic neck >15 mm. Objective. To compare the efficacy and safety of Ovation™ endograft (TriVasc [...] ular, USA) with standard endografts. Methods. Between November 2009 and August 2010 we treated 47 AAA. In 10 patients we used Ovation™ (Group 1). Ten patients treated during the same period with commercially available endografts were used as controls (Group (2). The Ovation™ endo-prosthesis is tri-modular, made of PTFE andnitinol with low profile (13-15F) and has a barbed suprarenal stent for fixation. Sealing is obtained independently through 2 inflatable rings filled with a biocompatible polymer during the procedure. Implantation followed the standard procedure through femoral exposure, using the Philips Allura imaging equipment (Best, Netherlands). Procedure duration, length of stay (LOS) and complications were compared between groups. Fisher exact test and unpaired Student’s t test were used for comparisons. Results. Results. Technical success was 100%. We observed no difference between groups (age, sex, AAA size, ASA risk, preoperative lab work). Procedure time (hrs) was 2,12 ± 0,7 vs. 2,0 ± 0,6 (NS), LOS (hrs) was 44,5 ± 10,7 vs. 49,5 ± 32,0 (NS) in Groups 1 and 2, respectively. Aneurysm neck length and ICU stay were shorter in Group 1 (p= 0,035 and 0,0451 respectively). During a 12 month follow up no adverse events, type I or III endoleak, or secondary interventions have occurred. Conclusion. Results with Ovation™ are comparable to other endografts currently available, achieving the same standards of efficacy and safety. Its highly flexible delivery system allows navigation through small vessels, easy deployment and effective sealing of AAA with necks > 7 mm, broadening the span of patients suitable for endovascular treatment.

Francisco, Valdés; Renato, Mertens; Michel, Bergoeing; Leopoldo, Mariné; Albrecht, Krämer; Francisco, Vargas; Guillermo, Lema; Roberto, Canessa; Jeanette, Vergara.

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Estudo comparativo entre tratamento endovascular e cirurgia convencional na correção eletiva de aneurisma de aorta abdominal: revisão bibliográfica Endovascular elective treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm versus conventional open repair: a comparative study  

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Full Text Available O tratamento eletivo do aneurisma de aorta abdominal é recomendado pela alta morbiletalidade decorrente da eventual ruptura. O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar o reparo endovascular eletivo com a cirurgia aberta e avaliar as mortalidades hospitalar e perioperatória, em 1 ano, por todas as causas e relacionadas ao aneurisma, a permanência hospitalar, as complicações, as taxas de sobrevida, conversão e reintervenção, a durabilidade do enxerto, o custo-benefício e a relação desses dados com o treinamento da equipe médica responsável pelo tratamento. Realizou-se uma revisão da literatura sobre reparo endovascular versus cirurgia convencional. Foram observados vantagem na sobrevivência perioperatória e menor estresse pós-cirúrgico; no entanto, os benefícios iniciais são perdidos por complicações e reintervenções tardias. Trabalhos baseados nas primeiras gerações de endopróteses superestimam as taxas de mortalidade em curto prazo, complicações e reintervenções. A durabilidade do enxerto, a real vantagem na sobrevida e o custo-benefício são incertos, e outros estudos são necessários para o seguimento em longo prazo.The elective treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm is recommended due to the high morbidity and mortality of a possible rupture. The objective of this study was to compare the elective endovascular aneurysm repair with open repair and to analyze the in-hospital and perioperative mortality rate during 1 year related to all causes and to the aneurysm, as well as the postoperative length of hospital stay, complications, survival rates, conversion and reintervention, graft durability, cost-benefit ratio, and relation with the medical team’s experience. A review of the scientific literature about endovascular versus open repair was carried out. We found a higher rate of perioperative survival and less postoperative stress; nevertheless, the initial benefits were lost due to late complications and reinterventions. First-generation endografts overestimated the early results of mortality rates, complications, and reinterventions. Endograft durability, real advantage of survival rates, and cost-benefits are uncertain and further long-term follow-up studies are necessary.

Ana Carolina P. Simão

2009-12-01

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Affects upon renal function after conventional surgery or endovascular graft exclusion for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms: a comparative investigation  

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Objective: To assess and compare the affects upon renal function after endovascular exclusion (EVE) or conventional surgery (CS) for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (IAAA). Methods: The records of 157 consecutive patients with IAAA from 1997 to 2002 were retrospectively reviewed. There were a group of 115 patients undergoing EVE and a group of 42 patients undergoing CS. The postoperative changes of plasma Cr and BUN with EVE and CS were analyzed respectively and compared. Results: The plasma Cr and BUN were significantly increased in the group of CS postoperatively, but no significant difference were shown before and after endovascular repair in the group of EVE. Moreover, there was a case with acute renal failure in CS group. Conclusion: The affects upon renal function with EVE are much less than CS for IAAA patients

2003-02-01

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Improved assessment and treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: the use of 3D reconstructions as a surgical guidance tool in endovascular repair.  

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BACKGROUND: Endovascular repair is fast becoming the treatment of choice for abdominal aortic aneurysms in anatomically suitable patients. 3D reconstructions not only aid conventional 2D measurements but also allow further analyses of the vessel anatomy. METHODS: Computed tomography scan data for four male patients awaiting endovascular repair were obtained. 3D reconstructions were performed to determine measurements. Wall stress was determined on one particular case using finite element anal...

Doyle, Barry J.; Grace, Pierce A.; Kavanagh, Eamon G.; Burke, Paul E.; Wallis, Fintan; Walsh, Michael T.; Mcgloughlin, Timothy M.

2009-01-01

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Fístula arteriovenosa postraumática: tratamiento endovascular. Revisión de la literatura y presentación de un caso clínico / Endovascular treatment of a post-traumatic arterio-venous fistula: Presentation of a clinical case and literature review  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Las fístulas arteriovenosas en la cabeza y el cuello son entidades poco frecuentes. La mayoría es secundaria a heridas penetrantes por arma blanca. Se describe el tratamiento exitoso mediante cirugía endovascular de una fístula postraumática tras una herida penetrante entre la arteria maxilar intern [...] a izquierda y la vena yugular externa. A través de este caso clínico y la revisión de la literatura se ilustran las causas, manifestaciones, estudio radiológico y tratamiento de una fístula postraumática entre la arteria maxilar interna y la vena yugular externa. A través de este caso clínico se demuestra la utilidad de los procedimientos endovasculares en el tratamiento de estas complicaciones. Abstract in english Traumatic arteriovenous fistulas of the head and neck region are uncommon. The majority are due to penetration of blunt injury. We describe a successful endovascular treatment of a posttraumatic fistula between the left maxillary artery and the external jugular vein due to a penetration injury. This [...] case and a review of the literature illustrate the causes, manifestations, image studies and treatment for a posttraumatic fistula between the maxillary artery and the external jugular vein. This case demonstrate the utility of endovascular treatment of head and neck injuries complications.

R., Sánchez; B., Marín; A., Fernández-Prieto; L., Pingarrón; R., Frutos; J. del, Castillo; M., Burgueño.

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms--6 years of experience with Ella stent-graft system  

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Purpose: Evaluation of 6-year results of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) treatment by Ella stent-grafts with regard to safety and effectivity in relation to morphology of the aneurysm. Methods: From a group of 172 patients with AAA, in whom elective endovascular treatment was considered, 120 of them (69.8%) were found to be suitable for this type of therapy. The bifurcated type of stent-graft was implanted in 97 patients, uniiliacal type in 19 patients and only four patients were found to be suitable for tubular type of stent-graft. Additional necessary procedures (internal iliac artery occlusion or contralateral common iliac artery occlusion in a group of patients with uniiliacal type of stent-graft) were performed surgically during the stent-graft implantation. CT and US controls were performed at 3, 6 and 12 months after implantation, later every 12 months. Results: Primary technical success was achieved in 109 of the 120 patients (91%). Primary endoleak was recorded in 11 patients (primary endoleak type Ia in seven patients, type Ib in three patients and type IIIa in one patient). Assisted technical success after reintervention or spontaneous seal was 98.3%. Surgical conversion was indicated in two patients (1.7%). Perioperative mortality rate was 3.3%. Total average follow-up period was 20.7 months (range from 2 to 60 months). In nine patients (7.5%) secondary endoleak type II was found at control CT or US, in three patients partial thrombosis of the stent-graft was found. There was no aneurysm rupture during follow-up. Conclusion: Treatment of AAA with Ella stent-graft system is effective and safe. Bifurcated stent-graft is the most frequently used type. Uniiliacal type of stent-graft is used by us only in cases of complicated morphology.

Koecher, Martin E-mail: martin.kocher@seznam.cz; Utikal, Petr; Koutna, Jirina; Bachleda, Petr; Buriankova, Eva; Herman, Miroslav; Bucil, Jiri; Benysek, Vladimir; Cerna, Marie; Kojecky, Zdenek

2004-08-01

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms--6 years of experience with Ella stent-graft system  

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Purpose: Evaluation of 6-year results of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) treatment by Ella stent-grafts with regard to safety and effectivity in relation to morphology of the aneurysm. Methods: From a group of 172 patients with AAA, in whom elective endovascular treatment was considered, 120 of them (69.8%) were found to be suitable for this type of therapy. The bifurcated type of stent-graft was implanted in 97 patients, uniiliacal type in 19 patients and only four patients were found to be suitable for tubular type of stent-graft. Additional necessary procedures (internal iliac artery occlusion or contralateral common iliac artery occlusion in a group of patients with uniiliacal type of stent-graft) were performed surgically during the stent-graft implantation. CT and US controls were performed at 3, 6 and 12 months after implantation, later every 12 months. Results: Primary technical success was achieved in 109 of the 120 patients (91%). Primary endoleak was recorded in 11 patients (primary endoleak type Ia in seven patients, type Ib in three patients and type IIIa in one patient). Assisted technical success after reintervention or spontaneous seal was 98.3%. Surgical conversion was indicated in two patients (1.7%). Perioperative mortality rate was 3.3%. Total average follow-up period was 20.7 months (range from 2 to 60 months). In nine patients (7.5%) secondary endoleak type II was found at control CT or US, in three patients partial thrombosis of the stent-graft was found. There was no aneurysm rupture during follow-up. Conclusion: Treatment of AAA with Ella stent-graft system is effective and safe. Bifurcated stent-graft is the most frequently used type. Uniiliacal type of stent-graft is used by us only in cases of complicated morphology

2004-08-01

114

Dual-energy CT in the follow-up after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

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This study investigates the dual-energy procedure for postoperative CT follow-up scans after endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms. The procedure is analyzed with respect to its sensitivity and specificity as well as the associated radiation exposure. 51 examinations were carried out on 47 patients between February 2009 and March 2010. For each patient, a non-enhanced, an arterial and a venous scan were conducted, the latter two using the dual-energy technology. Virtual images for the non-enhanced phase were reconstructed from the data taken in the venous phase. Protocol A, the reference standard, consisted of non-enhanced images and images of the arterial and venous phase. In protocol B, standard non-enhanced images were replaced by the reconstructed virtual non-enhanced images. Protocol C consisted only of virtual non-enhanced and 80 kV images taken during the venous phase. All data was anonymized and evaluated by two independent radiologists. For protocol C, sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values were computed. The effective radiation dosage was determined for each scan. All endoleaks identified in protocol A were found using protocols B and C. For protocol C, the sensitivity and negative predictive value were 100 %, the specificity was 94.1 %, and the positive predictive value was 89.5 %. Compared to protocol A, protocol C reduces the radiation exposure by 62.45 %. A scan protocol consisting of virtual non-enhanced images as well as 80 kV images taken during the venous phase was found to be a reliable alternative method for diagnosing endoleaks, while reducing the radiation exposure by 62.45 %. (orig.)

2013-04-01

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The Use of Direct Thrombin Injection to Treat a Type II Endoleak Following Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

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This report describes the use of thrombin to treat a type II endoleak which was causing continued abdominal aortic aneurysm expansion in a patient who had undergone endovascular repair. A small quantity of thrombin was injected into the leak by a percutaneous approach directly into the aneurysm sac using color doppler ultrasound. The procedure was successful and required only a few minutes to perform. We believe this procedure is an alternative to some of the more complex and technically challenging means of treating this lesion

2003-09-01

116

Successful use of talc sclerodesis to control a persistent high-output groin seroma following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

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Groin wound lymphatic complications after vascular procedures are accompanied by increased risk of infection, prolonged hospital stay, and greater patient morbidity. High-output groin seromas can be difficult to manage and refractory to established interventions. Although subcutaneous talc has been used to prevent seroma accumulation in other high-risk surgical fields, such as after axillary lymph node dissection, it has not been described in the context of vascular surgery. This article presents the first reported case of a persistent high-output groin seroma after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair managed successfully with intraoperative application of sterile talc. PMID:23711974

Metcalfe, David; Sinha, Sidhartha; Sadek, Norah; Ho, Andrew L; Karthikesalingam, Alan; Jones, Keith G; Hinchliffe, Robert J; Thompson, Matt M; Black, Stephen A

2013-08-01

117

Comparação entre os tratamentos aberto e endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta abdominal em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico / Comparison between open and endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms in high surgical risk patients  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Comparar os resultados dos tratamentos aberto e endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico. MÉTODOS: O tratamento aberto foi realizado em 31 pacientes, e o endovascular, em 18. Sucesso no tratamento endovascular foi definido como perviedade da endopr [...] ótese sem endoleaks ou conversão para tratamento aberto. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença na mortalidade perioperatória entre o tratamento aberto (dois óbitos [6,45%] em 31) e o endovascular (um óbito [5,55%] em 18) (P = 0,899); também não houve diferença entre a mortalidade tardia no tratamento aberto (dois óbitos [6,9%] em 29) e no endovascular (dois óbitos [11,7%] em 17) (P = 0,572). A taxa de sucesso imediato foi de 100% (31/31) no tratamento aberto e de 66,7% (12/18) no endovascular (P = 0,0006); a taxa de sucesso tardio foi de 100% (27/27) no tratamento aberto e de 73,3% (11/15) no endovascular (P = 0,0047). Os valores médios do tempo de internação na UTI, tempo de internação hospitalar e da perda de sangue para os grupos dos tratamentos aberto e endovascular foram: 65,6 versus 34,1 horas*, 9 versus 5,6 dias* e 932 versus 225 ml*, respectivamente (*P Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of open repair and endoluminal repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms in high surgical risk patients. METHODS: Open repair was performed in 31 patients, and endoluminal repair was performed in 18. Success in the endoluminal repair group was defined as continuing graft [...] function without endoleak or conversion to open repair. RESULTS: No significant difference was found between the perioperative mortality rate for open repair (two deaths [6.45%] in 31 patients) and endoluminal repair (one death [5.55%] in 18 patients) (P = 0.899); similarly, no significant difference was seen in late mortality between open repair (two deaths [6.9%] in 29 patients) and endoluminal repair (two deaths [11.7%] in 17 patients) (P = 0.572); The rate of immediate success was 100% (31/31) for open repair and 66.7% (12/18) for endoluminal repair (P = 0.0006); the rate of late success was 100% (27/27) for open repair and 73.3% (11/15) for endoluminal repair (P = 0.0047). The mean values for intensive care stay, hospital stay and blood loss for open repair and endoluminal repair groups were: 65.6 vs. 34.1 hours*, 9 vs. 5.6 days* and 932 vs. 225 ml*, respectively (P

Célio Teixeira, Mendonça; Ricardo C. R., Moreira; Jorge R. Ribas, Timi; Márcio, Miyamotto; Mário, Martins; Isidoro C., Stanischesk; Carlos E., DelValle; Rossano, Jarabiza.

118

Experiencia con el tratamiento endovascular de los aneurismas del tope de la arteria basilar  

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Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo. Describir los resultados inmediatos obtenidos en una serie de pacientes con aneurismas del tope de la arteria basilar tratados por vía endovascular en relación con el tamaño del cuello y saco del aneurisma, la presencia o no de ruptura aneurismática y la gravedad clínica. Método. Se realiz [...] ó un estudio descriptivo en una cohorte retrospectiva de 37 pacientes adultos de ambos sexos con aneurismas del tope de la basilar tratados por vía endovascular (periodo 1993 - 2006). Los pacientes fueron clasificados con la escala de Hunt-Hess. Los aneurismas fueron clasificados según su tamaño y ancho del cuello. El grado de oclusión se clasificó en 4 categorías: A (100%), B (>95%), C (>90%) y D ( Abstract in english Objective: We describe the early results obtained in a series of cases with basilar tip aneurysms treated by endovascular surgery with detachable coils. The results are compared according to the size of the neck and the sac of the aneurysm, the history of aneurysm rupture and neurological state. Met [...] hod: A retrospective descriptive study was made in a cohort of 37 adults patients of both sexes with basilar tip aneurysms treated by endovascular surgery (period 1993 - 2006). Hunt- Hess scale was used for patients classification. The aneurysms were classified according to their size and the wide of the neck . The occlusion grade was classified in 4 categories: A (100%), B (> 95%), C (> 90%) and D(

Javier, Goland; Silvia, Garbugino; Walter, Casagrande; Julio, Fernández; Luis, Lemme-Plaghos.

119

Tratamiento endovascular exitoso del síndrome de cascanueces con stent autoexpandible / Successful endovascular treatment of nutcracker's syndrome with self-expanding stent  

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Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El síndrome de cascanueces (nutcracker's syndrome) se produce por compresión de la vena renal izquierda a su paso por la horquilla vascular, formada por la aorta y la arteria mesentérica superior, causando una compresión extrínseca que genera estenosis funcional de la misma. Esto produce congestión [...] e hipertensión de la vena renal izquierda que se traduce en insuficiencia y várices de la vena gonadal izquierda, hematuria unilateral y dolor lumbar izquierdo, el diagnóstico pocas veces se realiza, por su baja frecuencia y por la falta de sospecha clínica. El tratamiento del síndrome de cascanueces incluye el autotransplante renal, trasposición de arteria mesentérica superior, revascularización y más recientemente, la colocación de stent en la vena renal. Presentamos el caso de un paciente que fue sometido a tratamiento endovascular exitoso con un stent autoexpandible en la vena renal izquierda, con criterios inmediatos de éxito por angiografía, reducción de la congestión venosa y por desaparición del gradiente cavo/renal. Abstract in english Nutcracker's syndrome is caused by compression of the left renal vein between aorta and superior mesenteric artery, causing extrinsic compression generated functional stenosis. This causes congestion and hypertension of the left renal vein resulting in insufficiency and left gonadal vein varicose, u [...] nilateral hematuria and left flank pain, diagnosis is rarely identified by their low frequency and difficulty of suspecting, treatment of nutcracker's syndrome include renal autotransplantation, transposition of superior mesenteric artery revascularization and recently stenting in renal vein, we present the case of a patient, who showed this pathology by diagnostic support by image studies, was performed successfully implant a self-expanding stent with immediate success criteria by angiography, collateral reduction and by disappearance of cava/renal gradient.

Alcocer-Gamba, Marco Antonio; Martínez-Chávez, Jorge A.; Alcántara-Razo, Mónica; Eid-Lidt, Guering; Lugo-Gavidia, Leslie M.; García-Hernández, Enrique; Montalvo-Ramos, Aquiles; Torres-Quiroz, Ivonne A.; Velázquez-Verduzco, Arturo.

120

Oclusión de la aorta abdominal infrarrenal: Reconstrucción endovascular con stent / Endovascular Stent-Graft Repair for the Occlusion of the Infrarenal Aorta  

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Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción La oclusión total de la aorta abdominal es de presentación poco frecuente y afecta más a menudo a mujeres de edad mediana con antecedentes de tabaquismo y dislipidemia. El punto de partida de la terapéutica endovascular en la aorta fue la angioplastia en las arterias ilíacas y fue progr [...] esando desde el balón hasta la colocación de stents. Objetivo Comunicar nuestros resultados inmediatos y el seguimiento a mediano plazo de pacientes con oclusión de la aorta abdominal tratadas con stents por vía endovascular. Material y métodos Desde octubre de 1998 a mayo de 2005 en nuestro servicio se trataron 5 pacientes de sexo femenino por oclusión total de la aorta abdominal, con síntomas de claudicación grave de ambos miembros inferiores. Los procedimientos se realizaron con anestesia local y sedación. Por vía femoral, se intenta recanalizar con las cuerdas de Whooley o hidrófila Glidewire. Posteriormente se realiza un angiograma abdominal e intercambio por cuerda Amplatz con la cual se avanza el balón para realizar las dilataciones antes de implantar el stent. Las pacientes con lesiones ilíacas también se trataron con stent. El índice tobillo-brazo era de 0,71. El promedio de hospitalización fue de 2 días. Al alta se indicaron clopidogrel y aspirina como medicación antiplaquetaria, excepto la primera paciente (ticlopidina y aspirina). El seguimiento fue clínico y por ecografía Doppler color a la semana, al mes, a los 6 meses y a los 12 meses. Resultados Las pacientes eran de sexo femenino, con antecedentes de tabaquismo y dislipidemia. Todos los procedimientos fueron técnicamente exitosos, con mejoría del índice tobillo-brazo a 0,98. Una paciente presentó un hematoma inguinal en el sitio de punción, con buena evolución posterior. En el seguimiento alejado clínico y por ultrasonido se observó una permeabilidad de la aorta del 100%, con estenosis en una paciente tratada a nivel de la arteria ilíaca en el segmento no cubierto por el stent. Conclusiones En este grupo de pacientes con oclusión total de la aorta abdominal, la angioplastia con balón e implantación de stent ha demostrado que es una técnica segura y efectiva, con éxito técnico y permeabilidad en el seguimiento a mediano plazo en todas las pacientes. Abstract in english Background Total occlusion of the abdominal aorta is an infrequent condition mostly affecting middle-aged women with a history of smoking and dyslipemia. Angioplasty of the iliac arteries was the starting point of endovascular treatment of the aorta, progressing from balloon angioplasty to stent-gra [...] fts insertion. Objective To report the immediate results and mid-term follow-up outcomes in patients with occlusion of the abdominal aorta treated with endovascular stent-graft repair. Material and Methods From October 1998 to May 2005, 5 female patients with total occlusion of the abdominal aorta with severe symptoms of claudication of both lower limbs were treated at our Department. The procedures were performed under local anesthesia and sedation. Whooley or hydrophilic Glidewire guide wires were inserted through the femoral artery. After abdominal angiography was performed, guide wires were removed and the balloon was introduced through an Amplatz guide wire; dilatations were done before the stent-graft was placed. Patients with iliac lesions were also treated with stents. The ankle-arm index was 0.71. Mean hospital stay was 2 days. Patients were discharged with clopidogrel and aspirin as antiplatelet therapy, except for the first patient who received ticlopidine and aspirin. Clinical assessment and color echo-Doppler were performed at week 1, and at 1, 6 and 12 months of follow-up. Results All patients were women, with a history of smoking and dyslipemia. All the procedures were technically successful, and the ankle-arm index improved to 0.98. One patient presented an inguinal hematoma at the puncture site, with favorable outcomes. During late follow-up, ultrasound sh

Carlos, Fernández-Pereira; Juan, Mieres; Matías, Rodríguez-Granillo; Juan, Guiroy; Gustavo, Risau; Claudio, Llaurado; Alejandro, Incarbone; Gastón, Rodríguez-Granillo; N. Gustavo, Allende; Alfredo E., Rodríguez.

 
 
 
 
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Second-stage endovascular repair of the delayed distal endoleak after stent-graft exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

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Objective: To evaluate the second-stage endovascular repair of the delayed distal endoleak after stent-graft exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm. Methods: Distal endoleak occurred in three patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm who had undergone the endovascular exclusion more than three years. All of them received the extension stent-grafts deployment. The procedures were operated via the bilateral common femoral arteries in two of the cases with one extension stent-graft on each side, and via the left retro-peritoneal route plus right common femoral artery in another one. Three with extensions was applied. Results: With the application of guide-wire stretching technique, all the endoleaks were sealed after the additional deployment of extensions. Conclusions: The unsteady-character of the Vanguard stent-graft might be the cause of distal endoleak. Utility of additional extension is the most valuable therapy. Application of guide-wire stretching technique is much helpful to achieve the success of the procedure and shorten the operation time

2003-02-01

122

How does elective laparoscopic abdominal aortic aneurysm repair compare to endovascular aneurysm repair?  

Science.gov (United States)

A best evidence topic in surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was how elective laparoscopic abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair compared to endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in terms of survival. There were 229 papers found using the reported search, with 8 papers (5 prospective studies, 1 retrospective study, 1 randomized trial and 1 systematic review) representing the best evidence to answer the question proposed. Current evidence suggests that EVAR is the preferred surgical approach for AAA repair, due to shorter hospital stay and lower perioperative morbidity and mortality rates, as opposed to an open surgical approach. Despite this, EVAR is subject to a number of limitations, including device restrictions in patients with anatomical variations as well as increased risk of future complications stemming from device implantation. We discuss a key study that showed that complications in the EVAR group commonly included endoleak type II and graft thrombosis. More importantly, there were similar rates of complications between those patients receiving EVAR and those receiving minimally invasive aortic surgery. The evidence suggests that elective laparoscopic AAA repair has a favourable safety profile comparable with that of EVAR, with low conversion rates as well as similar mortality and morbidity rates. This has been illustrated in several studies. We discuss a prospective randomized trial of 100 patients, which compared EVAR with hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery. This study showed no deaths in either group after the procedure or at follow-up after 12 months, with similar complication rates between the groups. While the evidence suggests that EVAR is less invasive, it does not always significantly alter the postoperative course or length of hospital stay for patients. We conclude from the evidence available that elective laparoscopic AAA repair may have a role in those patients who are unsuitable for EVAR. Unfortunately, few studies exist directly comparing these two techniques, and those that do are subject to limitations, for example, study population bias, small sample sizes and a lack of comparison in the literature between the common AAA repair techniques. PMID:24578481

Ahmed, Nadeem; Gollop, Nicholas D; Ellis, Jonathan; Khan, Omar A

2014-06-01

123

TRATAMIENTO ENDOVASCULAR DE LA COARTACIÓN AÓRTICA NATIVA Y RECURRENTE EN PACIENTES MAYORES DE 4 AÑOS: RESULTADOS Y COMPLICACIONES / ENDOVASCULAR REPAIR OF NATIVE AND RECURRENT AORTIC COARCTATION IN PATIENTS OLDER THAN 4 YEARS OF AGE  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Reportar nuestra experiencia en el tratamiento endovascular de la Coartación Aórtica (CoAo). Métodos: Se revisaron los registros clínicos de los pacientes mayores de 4 años intervenidos por una CoAo nativa o recoartación en el Hospital Clínico de la Universidad Católica entre los años 200 [...] 7 y 2012. Se realizaron estadísticas descriptivas y se utilizó el test de Wilcoxon signed rank, con una p Abstract in english Aim: There is an increasing interest in the endovascular therapy of both native and recurrent aortic coarcta-tion (Aco). In this article we report the results of endo-vascular treatment of ACo in children and adults at our institution, from 2007 to 2012. Method and Results: The clinical, angiographi [...] c and hemodynamic data of all patients submitted to endovascular repair of ACo at the Endovascular Therapy Center of the Catholic University Hospital were reviewed. Children under 4 years of age were excluded. A total of 27 subjects were included. Mean age was 20.6 years (range 5-64); 30% were females and 30% were under 14 years of age. 15 patients had associated congenital defects: bicuspid aortic valve ( 9), VSD (3), or both VSD and bicuspid aortic valve (3). Hypertension was present in 33% of patients. 74% had endovas-cular repair of a native Aco and 26% of a re-coarctation (2 of them post surgical treatment and 5 post endovas-cular repair). 85% of cases had stent implantation. Repair resulted in a significant (p

Martín, Valdebenito; Alejandro, Martínez; Gonzalo, Martínez; Nicolás, Veas; Dante, Lindefjeld; Francisco, Garay; Felipe, Heusser; Daniel, Springmüller; Alejandro, Fajuri; Alejandra, Flores; Francisco, Vergara.

124

Health Related Quality of Life after Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Open and Endovascular Techniques—A Two-Year Follow Up  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Background: Patients with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm can be treated with two different surgical methods: Open repair (OR) or Endovascular Aortic Repair (EVAR). These two different treatments can probably result in different sense of Health related Quality of life, both in a short term and a long term perspective. The purpose of this prospective study was to examine patients’ Health related Quality of life after surgical treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm over two years using different in...

Monica Pettersson; Ingegerd Bergbom; Erney Mattsson

2012-01-01

125

Resultados en el corto y mediano plazo de la reparación endovascular de aneurismas de la aorta abdominal y arterias ilíacas: Experience in 28 patients / Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneuriysms  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados iniciales y en el mediano plazo de la reparación endovascular de los aneurismas del sector aorto-ilíaco. Material y Método: Revisión de una serie clínica de pacientes operados en forma consecutiva por vía endovascular en el Hospital Dr. Eduardo Pereira de Valparaíso [...] por aneurismas del sector aorto-ilíaco desde 2007 al 2012 con seguimiento actualizado. Resultados: Se trata de 28 pacientes (22 varones), una edad promedio de 72,5 años (rango 59-86) y un seguimiento promedio de 27,4 meses (rango 1-65 meses). Los pacientes fueron seleccionados de acuerdo a la anatomía aorto-ilíaca y su estado general. A 25 pacientes se les instaló una prótesis bifurcada tri-modular, a un paciente una prótesis bifurcada con sólo dos módulos, a otro paciente una prótesis aorto uni ilíaca, y a una paciente una endoprótesis recta luego de una desconexión visceral abdominal. Un paciente fallece a los 31 días después de operado por falla orgánica múltiple y otros dos pacientes fallecen a los 24 meses a causa de un cáncer vesicular y a los 36 meses por un cáncer rectal. El seguimiento alejado evidenció ausencia de endofugas tipo 1, 3 ó 4 y una endofuga tipo 2 en dos pacientes, que no han requerido ninguna intervención. Conclusión: La reparación endovascular de los aneurismas del sector aorto-ilíaco es segura en el corto y mediano plazo, en pacientes con las condiciones anatómicas apropiadas en un centro quirúrgico adecuadamente equipado. Abstract in english Background: Endovascular repair of aortic aneurysms is less invasive than the traditional surgical approach. Aim: To evaluate the early and mid-term results of aorto-iliac aneurysm endovascular repair. Material and Methods: Analysis of 28 patients aged 59 to 86 years (22 males), subjected to an endo [...] vas-cular repair of aorto-iliac aneurysms between 2007 and 2012. Results: The follow up period of patients ranged from 1 to 65 months. A tri-modular bifurcated prosthesis was installed in 25 patients. A bi-modular bifurcated prosthesis was installed in one patient, an aorto uni iliac prosthesis was installed in one patient; in other patient, a straight endoprosthesis was installed after an abdominal visceral disconnection. In cases of associated iliac aneurysms, unilateral iliac embolization was carried out in seven patients and bilateral embolization in one patient. In one case, the sealing of the hypogastric artery was achieved leaning the prosthetic branch on the hypogastric artery ostium. One patient died 31 days after the operation due to multiple organ failure. One patient died 24 months after surgery due to a gallbladder cancer and other patient died 36 months after surgery due to a rectal cancer. The long-term follow-up showed the presence of type 2 endo-leaks in two patients. The aneurysm decreased in size in 83% of patients after 2 years of follow-up. In five patients, a non-progressive laminar parietal thrombosis inside the endoprosthesis, was observed in the immediate postoperative period. It was initially treated with oral anticoagulants. Conclusions: Endovascular repair of aorto-iliac aneurysms is safe and effective in patients with appropriate anatomical conditions, if a skilled surgical team is available.

BOMBIN F, JUAN; KOTLIK A, ALEJANDRO; FERNÁNDEZ V, JAIME; ZEGARRA I, IVER.

126

Construction of a canine endoleak model in the course of endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To design an experimental model of endoleak after endovascular exclusion (EVE). Methods: Infrarenal aortic aneurysms were created with bovine jugular vein segments or patches. Then they were undergone endovascular stent graft exclusion of the aneurysm. Using modification of prosthetic vessel and changing the attachment site, endoleaks were formed during the course of aneurysm exclusion. Results: All the 6 aneurysms possessed satisfactory configuration just as clinical patterns. Intraoperative arteriography revealed endoleaks in 5 dogs after the exclusion, two of which were proximal and three were distal. Conclusions: The experiment shows the hemodynamics and treatment of endoleak for EVE

2003-02-01

127

Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair under General Anesthesia Does Not Decrease Perioperative Myocardial Ischemic Events Compared with Open Repair  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objectives: Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR is a common procedure for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA, based on minimal invasiveness compared with open surgical repair (OSR. However, general anesthesia can cause considerable perturbations in patients with AAA undergoing operative repair. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of myocardial ischemic events in association with hemodynamic changes during EVAR and OSR under general anesthesia. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the anesthetic and medical records of patients who underwent elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. ST segment changes on electrocardiography and hemodynamic changes were reviewed by the attending physicians. Results: Among 120 patients, EVAR and OSR were performed in 81 and 39 patients, respectively. There were no significant differences in preoperative morbidity between the two groups. The amount of estimated blood loss was significantly lower in EVAR than OSR. The incidence of ST segment changes in the two groups (EVAR: 16%, OSR: 23% was not statistically different. ST segment changes occurred mainly postoperatively at resolution of anesthesia in EVAR, compared with intraoperatively in OSR. ST segment changes were mostly accompanied by tachycardia in EVAR patients, whereas they were associated with hypotension in OSR. Conclusion: Our results demonstrated a comparable incidence of perioperative ST segment changes under general anesthesia in EVAR and OSR. Patients who undergo EVAR and develop tachycardia are at risk of myocardial ischemia at resolution of anesthesia.

Sumio Hoka

2013-03-01

128

Technical and clinical success of infrarenal endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: A 10-year single-center experience  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Objective: The aim of our retrospective study was to review our single-center experience with aortic abdominal aneurysm (AAA) repair retrospectively. Material and methods: From 1995 to 2005, 70 consecutive patients affected by AAA were treated by endovascular stent-graft repair. Mean follow-up was 23.9 months. Follow-up investigations were performed at 6 and 12 months and yearly thereafter. Five different stent-graft designs were compared to each other. Primary technical success (PTS), assisted primary technical success (APTS), primary clinical success (PCS) and secondary clinical success (SCS) were evaluated. Results: All over PTS was achieved in 94.3%, APTS in 97.1%, PCS in 61.4%, APCS in 64.3% and SCS in 70%. There were 3 type I endoleaks, 25 type II endoleaks, 4 type III endoleaks, 8 limb problems, 5 conversions to open surgery, 10 aneurysm sac expansions and 14 device migrations. Patients with newer generation devices showed better results than patients with first generation prosthesis. In addition results were better for grafts with suprarenal fixation (versus infrarenal fixation) and grafts with barbs and hooks (versus grafts without barbs and hooks). Patients with bad anatomic preconditions showed a higher complication rate. Conclusion: Contrary to first generation products, new stent-graft designs show acceptable technical and clinical results in endovascular AAA aneurysm repair. However, this therapy still should be reserved only for patients with significant comorbities and suitable anatomic conditions.

Steingruber, I.E. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)]. E-mail: iris.steingruber@uibk.ac.at; Neuhauser, B. [Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Seiler, R. [Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Greiner, A. [Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Chemelli, A. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Kopf, H. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Walch, C. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Waldenberger, P. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Jaschke, W. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Czermak, B. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)

2006-09-15

129

Preoperative echocardiographic predictors for 1-year mortality in patients treated with standard endovascular aneurysm repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Background: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA and cardiovascular disease are intimately associated, the latter representing the most common cause of death in Sweden. Cardiac complications are held responsible for the majority of perioperative morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing repair of AAA. The importance of preoperative thorough cardiac assessment is therefore obvious. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic significance of preoperative echocardiographic findings for 1-year mortality after elective endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR of infrarenal AAA. Design: Retrospective analysis. Methods: The 505 patients were identified in a prospective database for endovascular interventions between 1998 and 2011, and data were retrieved from patient records. Preoperative echocardiography reports in 380 patients were reviewed and findings were notified according to a predefined protocol. Results: The 1-year mortality rate was 6.7%. Severe valve disease was present in 8.7% of the patients, aortic valve stenosis being the leading cause of valve pathology. Severe valve disease (OR 3.5, 95% CI [1.2 - 10.7]; p = 0.025 and chronic kidney disease grade ? 3 (OR 7.5, 95% CI [2.1 - 26.1]; p = 0.002 were the only independent risk factors for increased mortality rate at 1-year. Conclusion: Echocardiography should be a part of the preoperative workup in AAA patients. Finding of severe valve disease should be further evaluated by a cardiologist prior to EVAR.

Tomas Ohrlander

2013-06-01

130

Technical and clinical success of infrarenal endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: A 10-year single-center experience  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: The aim of our retrospective study was to review our single-center experience with aortic abdominal aneurysm (AAA) repair retrospectively. Material and methods: From 1995 to 2005, 70 consecutive patients affected by AAA were treated by endovascular stent-graft repair. Mean follow-up was 23.9 months. Follow-up investigations were performed at 6 and 12 months and yearly thereafter. Five different stent-graft designs were compared to each other. Primary technical success (PTS), assisted primary technical success (APTS), primary clinical success (PCS) and secondary clinical success (SCS) were evaluated. Results: All over PTS was achieved in 94.3%, APTS in 97.1%, PCS in 61.4%, APCS in 64.3% and SCS in 70%. There were 3 type I endoleaks, 25 type II endoleaks, 4 type III endoleaks, 8 limb problems, 5 conversions to open surgery, 10 aneurysm sac expansions and 14 device migrations. Patients with newer generation devices showed better results than patients with first generation prosthesis. In addition results were better for grafts with suprarenal fixation (versus infrarenal fixation) and grafts with barbs and hooks (versus grafts without barbs and hooks). Patients with bad anatomic preconditions showed a higher complication rate. Conclusion: Contrary to first generation products, new stent-graft designs show acceptable technical and clinical results in endovascular AAA aneurysm repair. However, this therapy still should be reserved only for patients with significant comorbities and suitable anatomic conditions

2006-09-01

131

Assessment of value of spiral CT in preoperative evaluation of endovascular graft exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: The assess the value of spiral CT (SCT) in preoperative evaluation of endovascular graft exclusion (EVGE) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Methods: 41 case with AAA received SCT scanning. Two and three dimensional images were reconstructed, utilizing the shaded surface display (SSD), maximum-intensity Projection (MIP) and multiplanar reformation (MPR). Information were obtained regarding the size and features of AAA, length and diameters of aneurysm's neck, status of the branches of aorta, etc. Results: Nine patients had spinal CT study prior EVGE procedure and the grafts selected according to the parameters obtained by SCT matched perfectly to the needs of deployment. Conclusion: CTA provides high quality images. It is a high-speed and non-invasive method which can provide three-dimensional images of AAA and its main branches and all the parameters needed in EVGE

1998-12-01

132

Endovascular repair of bilateral common iliac artery aneurysms following open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair with preservation of both hypogastric arteries using commercially available stent grafts.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular treatment of aneurysmal disease has become the predominant form of repair for all aneurysms. Some areas continue to pose specific challenges to stay within the general tenets of successful repair, mainly achieving adequate seal without sacrificing other arterial pathways. Following aortic aneurysm repair, the common iliac arteries can continue to have aneurysmal degeneration. We present a case of bilateral common iliac artery aneurysms that presented 9 years after open repair of an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in conjunction with an extensive aortic dissection. These were repaired using endovascular techniques with preservation of both hypogastric arteries. PMID:23642920

Cuff, Robert; Banegas, Shonda; Mansour, Ashraf; Chambers, Christopher; Wong, Peter; Slaikeu, Jason

2014-02-01

133

Endoleakage after endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: diagnosis, significance and treatment  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Endoleak, also called leakage, leak and Perigraft leak, is a major complication and its persistence represents a failure of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. Its detection and treatment is therefore of primary importance, since endoleak can be associated with pressurization (increase in pressure) of the sac, resulting in expansion and rupture of the aneurysm. The aim of this paper is to discuss the definition, significance, diagnosis and different options to treat endoleak. (orig.)

Golzarian, Jafar [University of Iowa, University of Iowa Heath Care, IA (United States); Valenti, David [McGill University, Royal Victoria Hospital, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal (Canada)

2006-12-15

134

Endoleakage after endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: diagnosis, significance and treatment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Endoleak, also called leakage, leak and Perigraft leak, is a major complication and its persistence represents a failure of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. Its detection and treatment is therefore of primary importance, since endoleak can be associated with pressurization (increase in pressure) of the sac, resulting in expansion and rupture of the aneurysm. The aim of this paper is to discuss the definition, significance, diagnosis and different options to treat endoleak. (orig.)

2006-12-01

135

Percutaneous Transabdominal Approach for the Treatment of Endoleaks after Endovascular Repair of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical feasibility and clinical efficacy of percutaneous transabdominal treatment of endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair. Between 2000 and 2007, six patients with type I (n = 4) or II (n = 2) endoleaks were treated by the percutaneous transabdominal approach using embolization with N-butyl cyanoacrylate with or without coils. Five patients underwent a single session and one patient had two sessions of embolization. The median time between aneurysm repair and endoleak treatment was 25.5 months (range: 0-84 months). Follow-up CT images were evaluated for changes in the size and shape of the aneurysm sac and presence or resolution of endoleaks. The median follow-up after endoleak treatment was 16.4 months (range: 0-37 months). Technical success was achieved in all six patients. Clinical success was achieved in four patients with complete resolution of the endoleak confirmed by follow-up CT. Clinical failure was observed in two patients. One eventually underwent surgical conversion, and the other was lost to follow-up. There were no procedure-related complications. The percutaneous transabdominal approach for the treatment of type I or II endoleaks, after endovascular aneurysm repair, is an alternative method when conventional endovascular methods have failed.

Choi, Sun Young; Lee, Do Yun; Lee, Kwang Hun [Severance Hospital, University of Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Won, Jong Yun [Gangnam Severance Hospital, University of Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Dong Hoon; Shim, Won Heum [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2010-02-15

136

Percutaneous Transabdominal Approach for the Treatment of Endoleaks after Endovascular Repair of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical feasibility and clinical efficacy of percutaneous transabdominal treatment of endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair. Between 2000 and 2007, six patients with type I (n = 4) or II (n = 2) endoleaks were treated by the percutaneous transabdominal approach using embolization with N-butyl cyanoacrylate with or without coils. Five patients underwent a single session and one patient had two sessions of embolization. The median time between aneurysm repair and endoleak treatment was 25.5 months (range: 0-84 months). Follow-up CT images were evaluated for changes in the size and shape of the aneurysm sac and presence or resolution of endoleaks. The median follow-up after endoleak treatment was 16.4 months (range: 0-37 months). Technical success was achieved in all six patients. Clinical success was achieved in four patients with complete resolution of the endoleak confirmed by follow-up CT. Clinical failure was observed in two patients. One eventually underwent surgical conversion, and the other was lost to follow-up. There were no procedure-related complications. The percutaneous transabdominal approach for the treatment of type I or II endoleaks, after endovascular aneurysm repair, is an alternative method when conventional endovascular methods have failed

2010-02-01

137

A prospective clinical, economic, and quality-of-life analysis comparing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), open repair, and best medical treatment in high-risk patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms suitable for EVAR: the Irish patient trial.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

To report the results of a trial comparing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) to open repair (OR) and best medical therapy (BMT) involving high-risk patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) suitable for EVAR.

Hynes, Niamh

2007-12-01

138

Lessons learnt from the EUROSTAR registry on endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: The EUROSTAR project is a multicentred database of the outcome of endovascular repair of infra-renal aortic aneurysms. To date 92 European centres of vascular surgery have contributed. The purpose of the article here is to review the medium term (up to 4 years) results of endovascular aneurysm repair as reported to Eurostar. Patients and methods: Patients intended for endovascular aneurysm repair were notified to the EUROSTAR Data Registry Centre before treatment in order to eliminate bias due to selective reporting. The following data was collected on all patients: (1) their demographic details and the anatomical characteristics of their aneurysms, (2) details of the endovascular device used, (3) procedural complications and the immediate outcome, (4) results of contrast enhanced CT imaging at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months after operation and at yearly intervals thereafter, (5) all adverse events. Life table analysis was performed to determine the cumulative rates of: (1) death from all causes, (2) secondary intervention. Risk factors for rupture and late conversion were identified by regression analysis. Results: By July 2000, 2862 patients had been registered and their median duration of follow-up was 12 mo (range 0-72). Successful deployment was achieved in 2812 patients with a perioperative (30 day) mortality of 2.9%. In 2464 patients enrolled by March 2000 late rupture of the aneurysm occurred in 14 patients for an annual cumulative rate of 1%. The significant factors were proximal type I endoleak (P=0.001), midgraft (type III) endoleak (P=0.001), graft migration (P=0.001) and post-operative kinking of the endograft (P=0.001). Forty-one patients had late conversion to open repair for an annual cumulative rate (risk) of approximately 2.1%. Risk factors (indications) for late conversion were: proximal type I endoleak (P=0.001), midgraft (type III) endoleak (P=0.001), type II endoleak (P=0.003), graft migration (P=0.001), graft kinking (P=0.001) and distal type I endoleak (P=0.001). Conclusions: Endovascular repair of infra-renal aortic aneurysms using the first and second-generation devices that predominated in this study was associated with a risk of late failure of 3% per year, based upon an analysis of observed primary endpoints of rupture and conversion. Eurostar continues to provide responsible evaluation of the technique for the benefit of both physicians and the industry

2001-07-01

139

Lessons learnt from the EUROSTAR registry on endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Objective: The EUROSTAR project is a multicentred database of the outcome of endovascular repair of infra-renal aortic aneurysms. To date 92 European centres of vascular surgery have contributed. The purpose of the article here is to review the medium term (up to 4 years) results of endovascular aneurysm repair as reported to Eurostar. Patients and methods: Patients intended for endovascular aneurysm repair were notified to the EUROSTAR Data Registry Centre before treatment in order to eliminate bias due to selective reporting. The following data was collected on all patients: (1) their demographic details and the anatomical characteristics of their aneurysms, (2) details of the endovascular device used, (3) procedural complications and the immediate outcome, (4) results of contrast enhanced CT imaging at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months after operation and at yearly intervals thereafter, (5) all adverse events. Life table analysis was performed to determine the cumulative rates of: (1) death from all causes, (2) secondary intervention. Risk factors for rupture and late conversion were identified by regression analysis. Results: By July 2000, 2862 patients had been registered and their median duration of follow-up was 12 mo (range 0-72). Successful deployment was achieved in 2812 patients with a perioperative (30 day) mortality of 2.9%. In 2464 patients enrolled by March 2000 late rupture of the aneurysm occurred in 14 patients for an annual cumulative rate of 1%. The significant factors were proximal type I endoleak (P=0.001), midgraft (type III) endoleak (P=0.001), graft migration (P=0.001) and post-operative kinking of the endograft (P=0.001). Forty-one patients had late conversion to open repair for an annual cumulative rate (risk) of approximately 2.1%. Risk factors (indications) for late conversion were: proximal type I endoleak (P=0.001), midgraft (type III) endoleak (P=0.001), type II endoleak (P=0.003), graft migration (P=0.001), graft kinking (P=0.001) and distal type I endoleak (P=0.001). Conclusions: Endovascular repair of infra-renal aortic aneurysms using the first and second-generation devices that predominated in this study was associated with a risk of late failure of 3% per year, based upon an analysis of observed primary endpoints of rupture and conversion. Eurostar continues to provide responsible evaluation of the technique for the benefit of both physicians and the industry.

Vallabhaneni, S. Rao E-mail: fempop@hotmail.com; Harris, P.L. E-mail: findplh@hotmail.com

2001-07-01

140

Correlation between intrasac pressure measurements of a pressure sensor and an angiographic catheter during endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available PURPOSE: To establish a correlation between intrasac pressure measurements of a pressure sensor and an angiographic catheter placed in the same aneurysm sac before and after its exclusion by an endoprosthesis. METHODS: Patients who underwent endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and received an EndoSureTM wireless pressure sensor implant between March 19 and December 11, 2004 were enrolled in the study. Simultaneous readings of systolic, diastolic, mean, and pulse pressure within the aneurysm sac were obtained from the catheter and the sensor, both before and after sac exclusion by the endoprosthesis (Readings 1 and 2, respectively. Intrasac pressure measurements were compared using Pearson's correlation and Student's t test. Statistical significance was set at p0.05, mean (p>0.05, and pulse (p0.05 by the sensor. CONCLUSION: The excellent agreement between intrasac pressure readings recorded by the catheter and the sensor justifies use of the latter for detection of post-exclusion abdominal aortic aneurysm pressurization.

Pierre Galvagni Silveira

2008-01-01

 
 
 
 
141

Correlation between intrasac pressure measurements of a pressure sensor and an angiographic catheter during endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english PURPOSE: To establish a correlation between intrasac pressure measurements of a pressure sensor and an angiographic catheter placed in the same aneurysm sac before and after its exclusion by an endoprosthesis. METHODS: Patients who underwent endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and received [...] an EndoSureTM wireless pressure sensor implant between March 19 and December 11, 2004 were enrolled in the study. Simultaneous readings of systolic, diastolic, mean, and pulse pressure within the aneurysm sac were obtained from the catheter and the sensor, both before and after sac exclusion by the endoprosthesis (Readings 1 and 2, respectively). Intrasac pressure measurements were compared using Pearson's correlation and Student's t test. Statistical significance was set at p0.05), mean (p>0.05), and pulse (p0.05) by the sensor. CONCLUSION: The excellent agreement between intrasac pressure readings recorded by the catheter and the sensor justifies use of the latter for detection of post-exclusion abdominal aortic aneurysm pressurization.

Pierre Galvagni, Silveira; Christopher William Teixeira, Miller; Rafael Freygang, Mendes; Gilberto Nascimento, Galego.

142

Endovascular Treatment of a Ruptured Para-Anastomotic Aneurysm of the Abdominal Aorta  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report a case of a ruptured para-anastomotic aortic aneurysm treated with implantation of a bifurcated stent-graft. A 72-year-old patient, who had undergone aortobifemoral bypass for aortoiliac occlusive disease 16 years ago, presented with a ruptured para-anastomotic aortic aneurysm. A bifurcated stent-graft was successfully deployed into the old bifurcated graft. This is the first report of a bifurcated stent-graft being placed through an 'end-to-side' anastomosed old aortobifemoral graft. Endovascular treatment of ruptured para-anastomotic aortic aneurysms can be accomplished successfully, avoiding open surgery which is associated with increased mortality and morbidity.

2008-07-01

143

Follow-up of abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular aortic repair: Comparison of volumetric and diametric measurement  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To determine the correlation of maximal diameter measurements with volumetric evaluation of size after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) using computed tomography angiography (CTA) and to survey its applicability for clinical follow-up. Materials and methods: 73 consecutive patients (2 females, 71 males; age 38–84 years; mean age, 69.1 ± 8 years) with AAA were treated with percutaneous EVAR in a single institution. For follow-up, CTA was performed periodically after EVAR. Images were evaluated for maximal diameter in consensus by two experienced radiologists. Using OsirixTM, volumetric measurements were done by one radiologist, including the entire infrarenal abdominal aorta. Results: In 73 patients 220 CTA examinations were performed after EVAR with a mean follow-up of 17.3 months (range, 1.8–42.7 months). The mean postinterventional volume of aneurysm was 165.63 ml ± 93.29 ml (range, 47.94–565.67 ml). The mean maximal postinterventional diameter was 5.91 ± 1.52 cm (range, 3.72–13.82 cm). At large over the entire observation period a slight, non-significant decrease of 1.6% (2.58 ml ± 69.05 ml, range 82.82–201.92 ml) in volumes and a 9.3% (mean 0.55 cm ± 1.22 cm, range 2.85–1.93 cm) in diameters were observed. For all examinations a high correlation of volume and diameter was calculated (r = 0.813–0.905; ? < 0.01). Conclusion: For follow-up of abdominal EVAR using CTA there is a high correlation between volumetric and diametric measurements of aneurysm. Based on a daily clinical routine setting, measurements of maximal diameters in cross sectional imaging of AAA after EVAR seems to be sufficient to exclude post interventional enlargement.

2012-06-01

144

Physician modification of Gore C3 excluder endograft for treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms anatomically unsuitable for conventional endovascular repair.  

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Until recently, the Cook Zenith aortic endograft (Cook Medical Inc, Bloomington, Ind) was the only device used for physician-modified fenestration because its constraining wire allowed physicians to reconstrain the device after modifications. Although the Cook Zenith fenestrated endograft has been approved by the Food and Drug Administration, it is currently not available in the majority of the hospitals and is not applicable to the patients who need urgent or emergent aneurysm repair. With the redesign of the Gore C3 delivery system, the Gore Excluder aortic stent graft (W. L. Gore & Associates, Inc, Flagstaff, Ariz) can now also be reconstrained, which makes it suitable for physician-modified fenestration. We describe the technique for modification and implantation of the Gore Excluder aortic stent graft in a patient requiring 2-vessel bilateral renal artery fenestration. This application provides an additional option for treatment of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms who are anatomically unsuitable for conventional endovascular aneurysm repair and are at high risk for open repair. PMID:24440676

Coulter, Amy H; Tan, Tze-Woei; Zhang, Wayne W

2014-06-01

145

Prospective, intraindividual comparison of MRI versus MDCT for endoleak detection after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study compares MRI and MDCT for endoleak detection after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (EVAR). Forty-three patients with previous EVAR underwent both MRI (2D T1-FFE unenhanced and contrast-enhanced; 3D triphasic contrast-enhanced) and 16-slice MDCT (unenhanced and biphasic contrast-enhanced) within 1 week of each other for endoleak detection. MRI was performed by using a high-relaxivity contrast medium (gadobenate dimeglumine, MultiHance registered). Two blinded, independent observers evaluated MRI and MDCT separately. Consensus reading of MRI and MDCT studies was defined as reference standard. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were calculated and Cohen's k statistics were used to estimate agreement between readers. Twenty endoleaks were detected in 18 patients at consensus reading (12 type II and 8 indeterminate endoleaks). Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for endoleak detection were 100%, 92%, and 96%, respectively, for reader 1 (95%, 81%, 87% for reader 2) for MRI and 55%, 100%, and 80% for reader 1 (60%, 100%, 82% for reader 2) for MDCT. Interobserver agreement was excellent for MDCT (k = 0.96) and good for MRI (k = 0.81). MRI with the use of a high-relaxivity contrast agent is significantly superior in the detection of endoleaks after EVAR compared with MDCT. MRI may therefore become the preferred technique for patient follow-up after EVAR. (orig.)

2009-05-01

146

Static sac size with a type II endoleak post-endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: surveillance or embolization?  

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A best evidence topic was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was whether embolization is superior to surveillance for a type II endoleak associated with a static sac size post-endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). Four hundred and sixty-one papers were identified, of which 10 papers presented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The author, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, and relevant outcomes and results are tabulated. A review of the available literature suggests that most type II endoleaks are innocuous and will seal spontaneously during the long-term follow-up, even when they persist for more than 6 months. An analysis of the large European Collaborators on Stent-Graft Techniques for Aortic Aneurysm Repair (EUROSTAR) registry that includes prospective data on 2463 patients from 87 European hospitals showed that type II endoleaks were not associated with an increased risk of rupture; this correlates well with the large single-centre studies included in this review. Based on the available evidence, we conclude that the management of most isolated type II endoleaks should be conservative—with close radiological follow-up—even when persistent, with intervention restricted to theoese associated with sac enlargement >5 mm over a 6-month period or >10 mm when compared with pre-EVAR diameter.

Patatas, Kyriacos; Ling, Lynn; Dunning, Joel; Shrivastava, Vivek

2012-01-01

147

Validation and application of intravascular ultrasound in endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

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An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a localized and permanent dilatation of the aorta that presents a clear danger for the patient because of the risk of rupture. The chance of rupture increases with the size of the aneurysm. Mortality after rupture is high: 60-70% of patients with a ruptured AAA will not reach the hospital alive. Furthermore, surgical treatment of ruptured AAA carries an additional mortality of 45-55%. Because of the poor prognosis of ruptured AAA, prophy...

Essen, J. A.

2000-01-01

148

Abdominal aorta morphometric study for endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms: comparison between spiral CT and angiography  

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Full Text Available PURPOSE: To compare the computed tomography and angiography study of abdominal aortic aneurysms for posterior endograft implant. METHOD: From June 1997 to March 2001, 113 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm were submitted to study of the aorto-iliac axis with abdominal spiral computed tomography and angiography with calibrated catheter. The patient's ages ranged from 51 and 88 years (mean: 69. There were 104 males and nine females. RESULTS: When comparing the mean computed tomography and angiography diameters, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the infra-renal neck (p0.05. When comparing the mean lengths, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the aortic infra-renal neck (p<0.05, for the distance between the renal artery and the aortic bifurcation (p<0.05 and for the common iliac artery lengths (p<0.05. There was also a statistical difference for the length between the renal artery and the internal iliac artery (p<0.05. CONCLUSIONS: In the AAA pre-procedure imaging study there were statistical differences between the computed tomography and angiographic measurement studies. We believe that computed tomography is a superior method for the evaluation of diameters and the angiography with a calibrated catheter for the length evaluation. We conclude, that both methods are complementary and must be undertaken for accurate evaluation of all candidates for aortic endograft implant.

Espinosa Gaudencio

2002-01-01

149

Multislice CT Angiography of Fenestrated Endovascular Stent Grafting for Treating Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: a Pictorial Review of the 2D/3D Visualizations  

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Fenestrated endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm has been developed to treat patients with a short or complicated aneurysm neck. Fenestration involves creating an opening in the graft fabric to accommodate the orifice of the vessel that is targeted for preservation. Fixation of the fenestration to the renal arteries and the other visceral arteries can be done by implanting bare or covered stents across the graft-artery ostia interfaces so that a portion of the stent protrudes into the aortic lumen. Accurate alignment of the targeted vessels in a longitudinal aspect is hard to achieve during stent deployment because rotation of the stent graft may take place during delivery from the sheath. Understanding the 3D relationship of the aortic branches and the fenestrated vessel stents following fenestration will aid endovascular specialists to evaluate how the stent graft is situated within the aorta after placement of fenestrations. The aim of this article is to provide the 2D and 3D imaging appearances of the fenestrated endovascular grafts that were implanted in a group of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms, based on the multislice CT angiography. The potential applications of each visualization technique were explored and compared with the 2D axial images

Sun, Zhonghua [Curtin University, Perth (Australia); Mwipatayi, Bibombe P [Royal Perth Hospital, Perth (Australia); Allen, Yvonne B; Hartley, David E [Cook R and D, Perth (Australia); Lawrence-Brown, Michael M [Curtin University of Technology, Perth (Australia)

2009-06-15

150

Increasing Incidence of Midterm and Long-Term Complications After Endovascular Graft Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: A Note of Caution Based on a 9-Year Experience  

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Objective To analyze the late complications after endovascular graft repair of elective abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) at the authors’ institution since November 1992. Summary Background Data Recently, the use of endovascular grafts for the treatment of AAAs has increased dramatically. However, there is little midterm or long-term proof of their efficacy. Methods During the past 9 years, 239 endovascular graft repairs were performed for nonruptured AAAs, many (86%) in high-risk patients or in those with complex anatomy. The grafts used were Montefiore (n = 97), Ancure/EVT (n = 14), Vanguard (n = 16), Talent (n = 47), Excluder (n = 20), AneuRx (n = 29), and Zenith (n = 16). All but the AneuRx and Ancure repairs were performed as part of a U.S. phase 1 or phase 2 clinical trial under a Food and Drug Administration investigational device exemption. Procedural outcomes and follow-up results were prospectively recorded. Results The major complication and death rates within 30 days of endovascular graft repair were 17.6% and 8.5%, respectively. The technical success rate with complete AAA exclusion was 88.7%. During follow-up to 75 months (mean ± standard deviation, 15.7 ± 6.3 months), 53 patients (22%) died of unrelated causes. Two AAAs treated with endovascular grafts ruptured and were surgically repaired, with one death. Other late complications included type 1 endoleak (n = 7), aortoduodenal fistula (n = 2), graft thrombosis/stenosis (n = 7), limb separation or fabric tear with a subsequent type 3 endoleak (n = 1), and a persistent type 2 endoleak (n = 13). Secondary intervention or surgery was required in 23 patients (10%). These included deployment of a second graft (n = 4), open AAA repair (n = 5), coil embolization (n = 6), extraanatomic bypass (n = 4), and stent placement (n = 3). Conclusion With longer follow-up, complications occurred with increasing frequency. Although most could be managed with some form of endovascular reintervention, some complications resulted in a high death rate. Although endovascular graft repair is less invasive and sometimes effective in the long term, it is often not a definitive procedure. These findings mandate long-term surveillance and prospective studies to prove the effectiveness of endovascular graft repair.

Ohki, Takao; Veith, Frank J.; Shaw, Palma; Lipsitz, Evan; Suggs, William D.; Wain, Reese A.; Bade, Maseer; Mehta, Manish; Cayne, Neal; Cynamon, Jacob; Valldares, Jennifer; McKay, Jamie

2001-01-01

151

Endovascular aneurysm repair for an abdominal aortic aneurysm and a left ruptured common iliac artery aneurysm in a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma: report of a case.  

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We performed an endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and a ruptured common iliac artery aneurysm (rCIAA) in a patient complicated by severe liver dysfunction due to obstructive jaundice resulting from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A 68-year-old male presented with acute lower abdominal pain. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed a 4.5-cm infrarenal AAA, a 6.0-cm left rCIAA with retroperitoneal hematoma and a 13-cm mass in the liver, which was suspected to be HCC. His laboratory data showed severe liver dysfunction. An emergency EVAR was done under local anesthesia because of his liver dysfunction. He was transferred to another hospital without any complications. PMID:23430203

Kyuragi, Ryoichi; Matsumoto, Takuya; Okadome, Jun; Kawakubo, Eisuke; Homma, Kenichi; Iwasa, Kazuomi; Guntani, Atsushi; Okazaki, Jin; Maehara, Yoshihiko

2014-08-01

152

Mortalidade relacionada ao tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal com o uso dos modelos revisados / Procedure-related mortality of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair using revised reporting standards  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a definição da mortalidade relacionada ao procedimento após tratamento endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal (EVAR) como definido pelo Committee for Standardized Reporting Practices in Vascular Surgery. MÉTODO: Dados de pacientes com aneurisma de aor [...] ta abdominal foram analisados do banco de dados EUROSTAR. Os pacientes foram submetidos ao EVAR entre junho de 1996 a fevereiro de 2004 e foram estudados retrospectivamente. A probabilidade explicita da causa de morte foi registrada. O intervalo entre a operação, alta hospitalar ou intervenção secundária até a morte foi registrado. RESULTADOS: De um total de 5612 pacientes, 589 (10,5%) faleceram após o EVAR em acompanhamento total e qualquer causa de morte foi inclusa. Cento e quarenta e um pacientes (12,5%) morreram devido a causa relacionada ao aneurisma, sendo que 28 (4,8%) foram rupturas, 25 (4,2%) infecções do implante e 88 (14,9%) foram pacientes que morreram num prazo de 30 dias após o procedimento inicial (definição atualmente utilizada, também conhecido como resultado clínico a curto prazo). Além disso, 25 pacientes faleceram após 30 dias, mas continuavam ainda hospitalizados (ou transferidos a home-care para reavaliação posterior, ou necessitaram intervenção secundária). Levando em conta a duração da admissão ao hospital e a mortalidade imediata após o procedimento relacionada a intervenções secundárias, 49 mortes tardias também podem ser relacionadas ao EVAR. CONCLUSÃO: Morte tardia compõe uma proporção considerável da mortalidade relacionada ao EVAR dentro do tempo de análise revisado. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the definition of Procedure-related mortality after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) as defined by the Committee for Standardized Reporting Practices in Vascular Surgery. METHODS: Data on patients with an AAA were taken from the EUROSTAR database. [...] The patients underwent EVAR between June 1996 and February 2004 and were analyzed retrospectively. Explicit probability of cause of death was recorded. The time interval from operation, hospital discharge or second interventions till death was recorded. RESULTS: A total of 589 out of 5612 patients (10.5%) died after EVAR in total follow up and all causes of death were included. 141 (2.5%) patients died due to aneurysms reported after the EVAR procedure of which 28 (4.8%) were ruptures, 25 (4.2%) graft-infections and 88 (14.9%) patients who died within 30 days after the initial procedure (present definition, also known as short term clinical outcome). In addition 25 patients died after 30 days, but were then (at moment of death) still in the hospital, or were transferred to a nursing home for further re-evaluation, or needed second interventions. Taking into account the duration of hospitalization and mortality immediately after procedure-related second interventions, 49 delayed deaths might also be regarded as being EVAR procedure-related. CONCLUSION: Delayed deaths are a considerable proportion of procedure-related deaths after EVAR within the revised time frame.

Konig, Gosen Gabriel; Vallabhneni, S.R.; Marrewijk, Corinne J. Van; Leurs, Lina J.; Laheij, Robert J.F.; Buth, Jacob.

153

Chronic Contained Rupture of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: From Diagnosis to Endovascular Resolution  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A male patient, 69 years old, presented with fever, leucocytosis, and persistent low back pain; he also had an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), as previously diagnosed by Doppler UltraSound (US), and was admitted to our hospital. On multislice computed tomography (msCT), a large abdominal mass having no definite border and involving the aorta and both of the psoas muscles was seen. This mass involved the forth-lumbar vertebra with lysis, thus simulating AAA rupture into a paraspinal collection; it was initially considered a paraspinal abscess. After magnetic resonance imaging examination and culture of the fluid aspirated from the mass, no infective organisms were found; therefore, a diagnosisof chronically contained AAA rupture was made, and an aortic endoprosthesis was subsequently implanted. The patient was discharged with decreased lumbar pain. At 12-month follow-up, no evidence of leakage was observed. To our knowledge, this is the first case of endoprosthesis implantation in a patient, who was a poor candidate for surgical intervention due to renal failure, leucocytosis and high fever, having a chronically contained AAA ruptured simulatingspodilodiscitis abscess. Appropriate diagnosis and therapy resolved potentially crippling pathology and avoided surgical graft-related complications.

2008-07-01

154

Endovascular aneurysm repair in emergent ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm with a 'real' hostile neck and severely tortuous iliac artery of an elderly patient  

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Background Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been a revolutionary development in the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs). Meanwhile, unfavorable anatomy of the aneurysm has always been a challenge to vascular surgeons, and the application of EVAR in emergent and elderly patients are still in dispute. Case presentation A 79-year-old woman presented as an emergency of abdominal pain with acute hypotension, heart rate elevation and a rapid decrease of hemoglobin. Emergent computed tomographic angiography (CTA) showed a ruptured AAA (rAAA) extending from below the opening of bilateral renal arteries down to the celiac artery and elongated to both common iliac arteries. The hostile neck and severely tortuous iliac artery made the following procedure a great challenge. An emergent endovascular approach was performed in which an excluder aortic main body was deployed below the origin of the bilateral renal arteries covering the ruptured aortic segment. Two iliac legs were placed superior to the opening of the right hypogastric respectively. In order to avoid the type Ib endoleak, we tried to deploy another cuff above the bifurcation of the iliac artery. However, the severely tortuous right iliac artery made this procedure extremely difficult, and a balloon-assisted technique was used in order to keep the stiff wire stable. Another iliac leg was placed above the bifurcation of the left iliac artery. The following angiography showed a severe Ia endoleak in the proximal neck and therefore, a cuff was deployed distal to opening of the left renal artery with off-the-shelf solution. The patient had an uneventful recovery with a resolution of the rAAA. She is well and symptom-free 6 months later. Conclusion Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in emergent elderly rAAA with hostile neck and severe tortuous iliac artery is extremely challenging, and endovascular management with integrated technique is feasible and may achieve a satisfactory early result.

2014-01-01

155

Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography versus computed tomographic angiography in the monitoring of patients after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm - preliminary experience  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is routinely used in the monitoring of patients after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm. The aim of the study was to determine if contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) provides equivalent results to CTA in detection of endo-leaks in patients after abdominal aortic stentgraft placement. Material and methods: In a group of 7 patients (6 men and 1 woman; aged 71 ±7 years) after repair procedure, 16 CTA and 16 CEUS follow-up examinations were performed. Second-generation contrast agent (Sonovue) and low-mechanical index technique were used for ultrasonography imaging. Results: Computed tomographic angiography showed seven cases of type I, five cases of type II, and no endo-leaks in four examinations. In 15 out of 16 studies, the results of CEUS were consistent with the results of CTA. In one discrepant study, type II endo-leak was detected with CEUS while CTA was negative. Conclusions: Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and CTA examinations in patients after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm provide comparable results. CEUS may be considered an alternative technique to CTA. (authors)

2009-01-01

156

Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: surveillance of endoleak using maximum transverse diameter of aorta on non-enhanced CT  

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Background. Repeat volumetric analysis of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) after endovascular AAA repair (EVAR) is time-consuming and requires advanced processing, dedicated equipment, and skilled operators. Purpose. To clarify the validity of measuring the maximal short-axis diameter (Dmax) of AAA in follow-up non-enhanced axial CT as a means of detecting substantial endoleaks after EVAR. Material and Methods. CT images were retrospectively reviewed in 47 patients (7 women, 40 men; mean age, 76.2 years) who had no endoleak on initial contrast-enhanced CT after EVAR. Regular follow-up CT studies were performed every 6 months. At each CT study, the Dmax on the CT axial image was measured and compared with that on the last CT (115 data-sets). Contrast-enhanced CT was regarded as the standard of reference to decide the presence or absence of endoleaks. The appearance of endoleak was defined as the end point of this study. Results. Endoleaks were detected in 17 patients during the follow-up period. Mean Dmax changes for 6 months were significant between positive and negative endoleak cases (1.8 {+-} 1.9 vs. -1.1 {+-} 3.0 mm, P < 0.0001). When the Dmax change {<=} 0 mm for 6 months was used as the threshold for negative endoleak, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 74.5, 82.4, 96.1, and 35.9%, respectively. When Dmax change {<=}-1 mm was used as the threshold, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 38.8, 100, 100, and 22.1%, respectively. Conclusion. Contrast-enhanced CT is not required for the evaluation of endoleaks when the Dmax decreases by at least 1 mm over 6 months after EVAR.

Nagayama, Hiroki; Sueyoshi, Eijun; Sakamoto, Ichiro; Uetani, Masataka [Dept. of Radiology, Nagasaki Univ. School of Medicine, Nagasaki (Japan)], E-mail: sueyo@nagasaki-u.ac.jp

2012-07-15

157

Complete ten-year follow-up after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: Survival and causes of death  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To analyze the hazard and causes of death after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms during a complete ten year follow-up. Methods: This is a retrospective clinical study of 130 consecutive patients undergoing EVAR between 1995 and 1998. One-hundred twenty-one patients (93.1%) were treated with first-generation stentgrafts and nine patients (6.9%) received second-generation devices. All patients completed a follow-up of at least 10 years, unless death occurred before then. Time and causes of death were provided by the Austrian central register of deaths. Results: The median follow-up was 7.6 years, and the 130 patients had 968.5 person-years of follow-up. The ten-year mortality rate was 62.3%. Cardiovascular events were the most frequent causes of death, with a 3.9 incidence rate per 100 person-years. Cancer death and death due to other causes occurred in 2.1 and 1.8 cases per 100 person-years, respectively. Lethal late aneurysm rupture happened in 4.6% (n = 6), which corresponds to an annual incidence rate of 0.6 per 100 person-years. All of those patients had been treated with first-generation devices. Conclusions: Cardiovascular events were the most frequent cause of death after EVAR, followed by malignancy and other diseases. The risk of dying from secondary rupture was clearly lower than that of death due to other reasons during ten years after EVAR, even in patients with first-generation stentgrafts.

2012-06-01

158

Successful Endovascular Aneurysm Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Patient with Severe Coronary Artery Disease Undergoing Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting  

Science.gov (United States)

It is well known that patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) often have concomitant coronary artery disease (CAD). In cases of AAA with severe CAD requiring coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), two therapeutic strategies regarding the timing of CABG can be considered: staged or simultaneous operations. However, the ideal treatment of patients with large AAA and critical CAD remains controversial. We experienced a case of successful endovascular aneurysm repair after off-pump CABG in a 70-year-old patient who had a huge AAA and critical CAD.

Kim, Sun Min; Cho, Jae Yeong; Kim, Ju Han; Park, Keun-Ho; Sim, Doo Sun; Hong, Young Joon; Ahn, Youngkeun

2014-01-01

159

Comparison of the usefulness 3D CTA with other methods to estimate morphology of abdominal aortic aneurysm before endovascular aneurysm repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of diagnostic methods in the preoperative evaluation of abdominal aortic aneurysm before endovascular treatment. During the period of January 2002-December 2004, 67 patients with AAA (42 diagnosed in the Department of Radiology of the Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Administration and 25 patients diagnosed the in the Department of Radiology of Medical Academy in Bialystok) underwent ultrasonography, spiral CT with 3D reconstructions (3D CTA), and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) following treatment of aortoiliac aneurysms with endoluminal stentgrafts in 36 and 12 patients, respectively. Our experience suggests that spiral computerized tomographic angiography with three-dimensional reconstruction (3D CTA) is a reliable, relatively noninvasive technique to assess the feasibility of endovascular aneurysm repair. DSA allows verification of the measurements from spiral computed scans, but it is a more invasive method than CTA. However, CTA with 3D reconstruction shows a diagnostic effectiveness similar to that of DSA. Thus it may be sufficient as a preoperative imaging technique when evaluating a patient for an endovascular graft procedure. (author)

2005-01-01

160

Síndrome de la vena cava superior en el posoperatorio inmediato de trasplante cardíaco: tratamiento endovascular / Endovascular Treatment of Superior Vena Cava Syndrome in the Immediate Postoperative Period of Heart Transplantation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El trasplante cardíaco está indicado en pacientes con insuficiencia cardíaca terminal sin opción de tratamiento médico, intervencionista o quirúrgico y puede realizarse utilizando fundamentalmente tres variantes técnicas. El beneficio de la técnica bicava en términos de parámetros hemodinámicos y cl [...] ínicos la ha convertido en la más utilizada, aunque es técnicamente más demandante y puede tener algunas consecuencias, como estenosis en las anastomosis de las venas cavas. En esta presentación se describe el caso de un paciente sometido a trasplante cardíaco ortotópico con técnica bicava que en el primer día del posoperatorio desarrolló el síndrome de la vena cava superior. Durante el segundo día posoperatorio y ante sintomatología progresiva, a pesar de haberse administrado anticoagulación, se decidió realizar una flebografía diagnóstica y al mismo tiempo tratamiento endovascular. En ese procedimiento se recanalizó la vena cava superior y se implantaron tres stents autoexpandibles, con lo que se logró permeabilidad de la anastomosis entre las venas cavas donante y receptora, la vena cava superior y la subclavia derecha. La evolución fue favorable con alivio inmediato de la sintomatología. El paciente fue dado de alta sin complicaciones.

Ricardo G, Marenchino; Román D, Rostagno; César A, Belziti; Héctor D, Albornoz; Alberto, Domenech; Norberto, Vulcano; Ricardo D, García Mónaco; Roberto R, Batelini.

 
 
 
 
161

Adherencias abdominales postquirúrgicas en equinos: patofisiología, prevención y tratamiento / Post-surgical abdominal adhesions in horses: pathophysiology, prevention and treatment  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish A pesar del gran número de investigaciones realizadas tanto en medicina humana como en medicina veterinaria, las adherencias intraabdominales continúan siendo una complicación para los cirujanos en la actualidad. El desarrollo de adherencias intraabdominales es un proceso dinámico y complejo que inv [...] olucra una serie de eventos que comienzan con un proceso inflamatorio y daño tisular, seguido de desbalances en los procesos de fibrinogénesis y fibrinólisis, terminando con la conversión de fibrina a tejido fibroso. En cirugías de intestino delgado en equinos, la incidencia de adherencias va de 14 a 22%, siendo la causa más común de dolor abdominal recurrente y la segunda causa de celiotomías repetidas. Sin embargo, al incluir todas las causas de cirugías abdominales, en esta especie la incidencia de adherencias es de aproximadamente un 5%. El mayor conocimiento del mecanismo celular de la formación y reformación de adherencias debe llevar a reducir su incidencia. Actualmente, existen una serie de métodos de prevención y tratamientos destinados a disminuir o evitar la aparición de adherencias intraabdominales. El objetivo de esta revisión bibliográfica fue el de recopilar la mayor información disponible e investigaciones que expliquen de mejor manera la fisiopatología, prevención y tratamiento de la formación de adherencias intraabdominales. Abstract in english Despite the great number of human and veterinary medicine research, abdominal adhesions are still a big concern and a frequent complication for surgeons. The development of abdominal adhesions is a complex and dynamic process that involves a series of different mechanisms that start with an inflamma [...] tory process and tissue damage, followed by a fibrinogenic and fibrinolytic unbalance and ends with a change from fibrin deposit to fibrous tissue. In horses, after small intestine surgeries, adhesion incidence ranges from 14 to 22%. It is the most frequent cause of recurrent abdominal pain and the second cause for repeat celiotomy. Nevertheless, when all equine abdominal surgeries are included, the incidence of postoperative adhesions approximates 5%. A better understanding of the cellular mechanisms of adhesion formation and reformation should help to develop better prevention methods. Currently, a variety of prevention measures and treatments, most of them aiming to reduce or avoid adhesions formation, are used in veterinary medicine. The aim of this review is to gather most of the available information and the latest research explaining the pathophysiology, prevention and treatment of abdominal adhesions in horses.

M, Werner; JS, Galecio; H, Bustamante.

162

Adherencias abdominales postquirúrgicas en equinos: patofisiología, prevención y tratamiento Post-surgical abdominal adhesions in horses: pathophysiology, prevention and treatment  

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Full Text Available A pesar del gran número de investigaciones realizadas tanto en medicina humana como en medicina veterinaria, las adherencias intraabdominales continúan siendo una complicación para los cirujanos en la actualidad. El desarrollo de adherencias intraabdominales es un proceso dinámico y complejo que involucra una serie de eventos que comienzan con un proceso inflamatorio y daño tisular, seguido de desbalances en los procesos de fibrinogénesis y fibrinólisis, terminando con la conversión de fibrina a tejido fibroso. En cirugías de intestino delgado en equinos, la incidencia de adherencias va de 14 a 22%, siendo la causa más común de dolor abdominal recurrente y la segunda causa de celiotomías repetidas. Sin embargo, al incluir todas las causas de cirugías abdominales, en esta especie la incidencia de adherencias es de aproximadamente un 5%. El mayor conocimiento del mecanismo celular de la formación y reformación de adherencias debe llevar a reducir su incidencia. Actualmente, existen una serie de métodos de prevención y tratamientos destinados a disminuir o evitar la aparición de adherencias intraabdominales. El objetivo de esta revisión bibliográfica fue el de recopilar la mayor información disponible e investigaciones que expliquen de mejor manera la fisiopatología, prevención y tratamiento de la formación de adherencias intraabdominales.Despite the great number of human and veterinary medicine research, abdominal adhesions are still a big concern and a frequent complication for surgeons. The development of abdominal adhesions is a complex and dynamic process that involves a series of different mechanisms that start with an inflammatory process and tissue damage, followed by a fibrinogenic and fibrinolytic unbalance and ends with a change from fibrin deposit to fibrous tissue. In horses, after small intestine surgeries, adhesion incidence ranges from 14 to 22%. It is the most frequent cause of recurrent abdominal pain and the second cause for repeat celiotomy. Nevertheless, when all equine abdominal surgeries are included, the incidence of postoperative adhesions approximates 5%. A better understanding of the cellular mechanisms of adhesion formation and reformation should help to develop better prevention methods. Currently, a variety of prevention measures and treatments, most of them aiming to reduce or avoid adhesions formation, are used in veterinary medicine. The aim of this review is to gather most of the available information and the latest research explaining the pathophysiology, prevention and treatment of abdominal adhesions in horses.

M Werner

2009-01-01

163

¿Procedimientos endovasculares como tratamiento de la esclerosis múltiple?: La hipótesis de la insuficiencia venosa crónica cerebro medular Endovascular procedures as multiple sclerosis treatment?: The hipothesis of the chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency  

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Full Text Available En este artículo especial de la modalidad "puntos de vista", se revisan los antecedentes bibliográficos principales relacionados a la entidad denominada "Insuficiencia venosa crónica cerebro medular (IVCCM" cuya formulación ha sido planteada por Zamboni y col, del Centro de Enfermedades Vasculares de la Universidad de Ferrara-Italia quienes le han adjudicado un rol patogénico o de agravación en la Esclerosis Múltiple (EM, que les ha llevado a proponer y realizar procedimientos de angioplastía mediante balón endovascular o stent venoso en pacientes con EM. La revisión de la bibliografía, en esta etapa del conocimiento de la IVCCM, no permite concluir si esta hipotética entidad tiene algún rol en el desarrollo o agravación de la EM. Por otro lado, concordamos con la mayoría de los clínicos e imagenólogos dedicados al estudio y tratamiento de la EM, en la ausencia de argumentos para indicar, alentar o propiciar procedimientos "terapéuticos" endovasculares para la EM. Para avanzar, en el conocimiento de la IVCCM y de eventual relación con la EM, se requieren estudios multicéntricos cuidadosamente conducidos, clínica y metodológicamente rigurosos, aprobados por comités de ética, en pacientes que sean invitados informadamente a participar en protocolos de investigación formales, que cuenten con las protecciones de seguros complementarios pertinentes y responsabilidades del gasto a costas de los investigadores.In this "point of view" or special article, it has been reviewed the main bibliographic antecedents related to the entity denominated as chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI, which formulation has been stated by Zamboni et col, from the Vascular Diseases Center of the University of Ferrara-Italy, who have assigned it a pathogenic role or of aggravation one in Multiple Sclerosis (MS, what has led them to propose and carry out endovascular balloon angioplasty or venous stent in MS patients as a treatment. The bibliographic review at this stage of the knowledge of CCSVI does not let us to conclude whether this hypothetical entity has any role in the development or aggravation of MS. On the other hand, we agree with most of the clinicians and neuroimaging MS researchers because of the absence of arguments to indicate, support or propose envovascular "therapeutic" procedures for MS. To advance in the knowledge of CCSVI and the eventual relation with MS it is required some multicentric controlled studies carefully led and clinical and methodological rigorous procedures approved by committee of ethic in very well informed patients invited to participate in protocols of formal investigation who should be protected by complementary pertinent insurances and responsibilities connected to the investigation expenses.

Jorge Nogales-Gaete

2011-03-01

164

¿Procedimientos endovasculares como tratamiento de la esclerosis múltiple?: La hipótesis de la insuficiencia venosa crónica cerebro medular / Endovascular procedures as multiple sclerosis treatment?: The hipothesis of the chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En este artículo especial de la modalidad "puntos de vista", se revisan los antecedentes bibliográficos principales relacionados a la entidad denominada "Insuficiencia venosa crónica cerebro medular (IVCCM)" cuya formulación ha sido planteada por Zamboni y col, del Centro de Enfermedades Vasculares [...] de la Universidad de Ferrara-Italia quienes le han adjudicado un rol patogénico o de agravación en la Esclerosis Múltiple (EM), que les ha llevado a proponer y realizar procedimientos de angioplastía mediante balón endovascular o stent venoso en pacientes con EM. La revisión de la bibliografía, en esta etapa del conocimiento de la IVCCM, no permite concluir si esta hipotética entidad tiene algún rol en el desarrollo o agravación de la EM. Por otro lado, concordamos con la mayoría de los clínicos e imagenólogos dedicados al estudio y tratamiento de la EM, en la ausencia de argumentos para indicar, alentar o propiciar procedimientos "terapéuticos" endovasculares para la EM. Para avanzar, en el conocimiento de la IVCCM y de eventual relación con la EM, se requieren estudios multicéntricos cuidadosamente conducidos, clínica y metodológicamente rigurosos, aprobados por comités de ética, en pacientes que sean invitados informadamente a participar en protocolos de investigación formales, que cuenten con las protecciones de seguros complementarios pertinentes y responsabilidades del gasto a costas de los investigadores. Abstract in english In this "point of view" or special article, it has been reviewed the main bibliographic antecedents related to the entity denominated as chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI), which formulation has been stated by Zamboni et col, from the Vascular Diseases Center of the University of Fer [...] rara-Italy, who have assigned it a pathogenic role or of aggravation one in Multiple Sclerosis (MS), what has led them to propose and carry out endovascular balloon angioplasty or venous stent in MS patients as a treatment. The bibliographic review at this stage of the knowledge of CCSVI does not let us to conclude whether this hypothetical entity has any role in the development or aggravation of MS. On the other hand, we agree with most of the clinicians and neuroimaging MS researchers because of the absence of arguments to indicate, support or propose envovascular "therapeutic" procedures for MS. To advance in the knowledge of CCSVI and the eventual relation with MS it is required some multicentric controlled studies carefully led and clinical and methodological rigorous procedures approved by committee of ethic in very well informed patients invited to participate in protocols of formal investigation who should be protected by complementary pertinent insurances and responsibilities connected to the investigation expenses.

Jorge, Nogales-Gaete.

165

Tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta abdominal com anatomia complexa: resultados preliminares com a segunda geração de endoprótese com arcabouço metálico circular / Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms with complex anatomy: preliminary results of the second generation stent graft with a dual-ring design  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: O tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta abdominal tem revolucionado o tratamento dessa afecção, em decorrência das baixas taxas de morbidade e mortalidade. Apesar dos avanços tecnológicos ocorridos nas endopróteses, ainda existem limitações anatômicas para o emprego da técnica. [...] Este estudo teve por objetivo avaliar os resultados imediatos do tratamento de pacientes portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal com anatomia complexa com uma endoprótese de segunda geração. MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional, prospectivo, não-randomizado, realizado em um único centro, em uma série de pacientes submetidos a tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal infrarrenais complexos, com prótese com arcabouço metálico disposta em anéis (Anaconda? - Vascutek, Terumo, Inchinnan, Escócia). Foram avaliados as características clínicas e angiográficas, o sucesso técnico, o sucesso terapêutico, a morbidade e a mortalidade, e a taxa de reintervenção perioperatória. RESULTADOS: Foram analisados, no período de fevereiro de 2010 a dezembro de 2011, 108 pacientes consecutivos portadores de aneurisma da aorta, dos quais 16 eram portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal com anatomia complexa tratados com a prótese Anaconda?. A média de idade foi de 76 + 7 anos e 75% eram do sexo masculino. Houve sucesso técnico em 94% e êxito terapêutico em 75% dos casos. Ocorreu um óbito no pós-operatório. As complicações perioperatórias mais prevalentes foram sangramento da ferida operatória (2/16) e embolia periférica (2/16). Foram necessárias reintervenções em 12,5% dos pacientes durante o seguimento. CONCLUSÕES: Neste estudo, a segunda geração da endoprótese Anaconda? foi efetiva e apresenta resultados imediatos satisfatórios no tratamento do aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal de anatomia complexa. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Endovascular treatment has revolutionized the therapeutic approach to abdominal aortic aneurysms due to its low morbidity and mortality rates. Despite the technological advances, there still are anatomical limitations on the use of stent grafts. This study aimed to evaluate the immediate [...] clinical results in patients with complex abdominal aortic aneurysms treated with a second generation stent graft. METHODS: This is an observational, prospective, non-randomized, single-center study in a series of patients undergoing endovascular repair of complex infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysms, using a stent graft with a dual-ring stent design (Anaconda? - Vascutek, Terumo, Inchinnan, Scotland). Clinical and angiographic characteristics, technical and therapeutic success rates, morbidity and mortality and perioperative reintervention rates were evaluated. RESULTS: Between February 2010 and December 2011, 108 consecutive patients with aortic aneurysms were treated, of whom 16 had complex abdominal aortic aneurysms, treated with the Anaconda? AAA Stent Graft System. Mean age was 76 + 7 years and 75% were males. Technical success was observed in 94% and therapeutic success in 75% of cases. There was one postoperative death. The most prevalent perioperative complication was surgical wound bleeding (2/16) and peripheral embolism (2/16). Reinterventions were required in 12.5% of the patients during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the second-generation Anaconda? Stent Graft System was effective and provided satisfactory immediate results in the treatment of complex infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysms.

Metzger, Patrick Bastos; Novero, Eduardo Rafael; Rossi, Fabio Henrique; Moreira, Samuel Martins; Barbato, Heraldo Antônio; Izukawa, Nilo Mitsuru; Marco, Vanessa Luciene Abreu de; Cano, Manoel Nicolas; Kambara, Antonio Massamitsu.

166

Tratamiento endovascular de una fuga paraprotésica mitral con dispositivo Amplatzer® Percutaneous closure of a mitral paraprosthetic leak with an Amplatzer® device  

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Full Text Available El leak o fuga paraprotésica mitral se presenta entre el 5 y el 17% de los pacientes tratados con cirugía de reemplazo valvular. En general, los defectos son únicos, la mayoría se encuentran localizados en la región postero-medial del anillo valvular y solo la tercera parte produce reflujo de grado grave. El cierre percutáneo por vía endovascular es una alternativa terapéutica válida en pacientes con elevado riesgo para re-operación. La estrategia de abordaje depende de la localización, tamaño, morfología y relaciones adyacentes del o los defectos. El procedimiento debe ser realizado por profesionales con experiencia en el tratamiento de cardiopatías estructurales y en el manejo de estos dispositivos de cierre, y se considera imprescindible la utilización de un ecocardiograma transesofágico tridimensional. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con una fuga paraprotésica valvular mitral que fue cerrada con un dispositivo Amplatzer ® introducido en forma percutánea desde la vena femoral.Mitral paraprosthetic leaks are present in 5 to 17% of patients who receive valve replacement surgery. Overall, the defects are single, most of them are located in the postero-medial region of the annulus, and only one third produce a severe reflux. Percutaneous closure by endovascular surgery is a valid therapeutic alternative in patients at high risk for re-operation. The approach depends on the location, size, morphology and relationships or neighboring defects. The procedure must be performed by professionals with experience in the treatment of structural heart disease and in the management of these closure devices. Guidance with three dimensional transesophageal echocardiography is considered essential. A case of a mitral paraprosthetic leak that was closed with an Amplatzer ® device introduced percutaneously from the femoral vein is here presented.

Alberto Sciegata

2012-10-01

167

Tratamiento endovascular de una fuga paraprotésica mitral con dispositivo Amplatzer® / Percutaneous closure of a mitral paraprosthetic leak with an Amplatzer® device  

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Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El leak o fuga paraprotésica mitral se presenta entre el 5 y el 17% de los pacientes tratados con cirugía de reemplazo valvular. En general, los defectos son únicos, la mayoría se encuentran localizados en la región postero-medial del anillo valvular y solo la tercera parte produce reflujo de grado [...] grave. El cierre percutáneo por vía endovascular es una alternativa terapéutica válida en pacientes con elevado riesgo para re-operación. La estrategia de abordaje depende de la localización, tamaño, morfología y relaciones adyacentes del o los defectos. El procedimiento debe ser realizado por profesionales con experiencia en el tratamiento de cardiopatías estructurales y en el manejo de estos dispositivos de cierre, y se considera imprescindible la utilización de un ecocardiograma transesofágico tridimensional. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con una fuga paraprotésica valvular mitral que fue cerrada con un dispositivo Amplatzer ® introducido en forma percutánea desde la vena femoral. Abstract in english Mitral paraprosthetic leaks are present in 5 to 17% of patients who receive valve replacement surgery. Overall, the defects are single, most of them are located in the postero-medial region of the annulus, and only one third produce a severe reflux. Percutaneous closure by endovascular surgery is a [...] valid therapeutic alternative in patients at high risk for re-operation. The approach depends on the location, size, morphology and relationships or neighboring defects. The procedure must be performed by professionals with experience in the treatment of structural heart disease and in the management of these closure devices. Guidance with three dimensional transesophageal echocardiography is considered essential. A case of a mitral paraprosthetic leak that was closed with an Amplatzer ® device introduced percutaneously from the femoral vein is here presented.

Sciegata, Alberto; Álvarez, José A; Deketele, Felipe; Alonso, José; Allín, Jorge G; Migliaro, Guillermo.

168

Abdominal aorta morphometric study for endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms: comparison between spiral CT and angiography Estudo morfométrico da aorta abdominal para tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas aórticos: comparação entre tomografia helicoidal e angiografia  

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PURPOSE: To compare the computed tomography and angiography study of abdominal aortic aneurysms for posterior endograft implant. METHOD: From June 1997 to March 2001, 113 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm were submitted to study of the aorto-iliac axis with abdominal spiral computed tomography and angiography with calibrated catheter. The patient's ages ranged from 51 and 88 years (mean: 69). There were 104 males and nine females. RESULTS: When comparing the mean computed tomography and...

Gaudencio Espinosa; Edson Marchiori; Adalberto Pereira de Araújo; Mônica Ferreira Caramalho; Pedro Barzola

2002-01-01

169

One hundred percent of ruptured aortic abdominal aneurysms can be treated endovascularly if adjunct techniques are used such as chimneys, periscopes and embolization.  

Science.gov (United States)

Observational studies comparing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) with open repair (OR) in ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) have suggested a benefit for EVAR but have been questioned recently by randomized controlled trials (RCT). A low eligibility for endovascular repair is a main limitation of these RCTs. In contrast, data from 473 patients from 1998 to 2011 in the Örebro/Zurich series show that nearly all AAA patients presenting with rupture can in fact be treated with EVAR with a low 30-day mortality rate (24%) and a minimal exclusion rate (4%). By using different adjunct techniques, such as chimneys and periscopes, also juxtarenal aneurysms can be treated even if simultaneous aortic balloon occlusion is necessary. OnyxTM embolization of the internal iliac artery in patients with aortoiliac aneurysms prevents back flow, thus avoiding an endoleak type. From May 2009 until December 2013, 70 patients arrived at Örebro University Hospital with a ruptured AAA diagnose. Nine percent were considered unfit for any intervention (including OR) and were treated medically. All of the 64 patients that underwent surgery were treated with EVAR and 30-day mortality in this group was 17 of 64 patients (27%). The mortality for patients treated with adjunct techniques was not significantly increased compared with patients treated with standard EVAR. In conclusion, our data support that open repair of ruptured AAA can be replaced by EVAR with appropriate management of existing adjunct techniques. PMID:24670825

Larzon, T; Skoog, P

2014-04-01

170

Sequential Dilatation of the Superior Gluteal Artery Following Coil Embolization of the Internal Iliac Artery and Endovascular Abdominal Aneurysm Repair: A Case Report  

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We present a case of an 80-year-old male who had a right buttock claudication after embolization of the right internal iliac artery and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for aneurysms of the right common iliac and abdominal arteries. We used follow-up dynamic computed tomography to measure the diameter of the superior gluteal artery (SGA). The comparison ratio (SGA diameter after EVAR / SGA diameter before EVAR) of the right SGA at 1, 3, and 9 months was 0.74, 0.80, and 1.1, respectively, while that of the left SGA at 9 months was 0.97. The patient reported using a walking stick at 1- and 3-month follow-ups but not at the 9-month follow-up. The computed tomography (CT) showed sequential dilatation of the SGA, which appeared to be associated with the relief of the buttock claudication.

Nakai, Motoki; Nakata, Kouhei; Sato, Morio; Ikoma, Akira; Minamiguchi, Hiroki; Kawai, Nobuyuki; Sonomura, Tetsuo; Hatada, Atutoshi; Nishimura, Yoshiharu; Okamura, Yoshitaka

2011-01-01

171

Tratamento endovascular de dissecção crônica toracoabdominal complicada com aneurisma torácico, mediante implante de endoprótese vascular Endovascular treatment for chronic toracho-abdominal aortic dissection complicated with thoracic aneurysm, by the placement of an endovascular stent-graft  

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Full Text Available Our objective is to report a case of a patient with a descending thoracic aortic aneurysm and chronic aortic dissection, who was submitted to an endovascular treatment. A 68-year-old male with coronary artery disease and hypertension, with no history of trauma, diabetes or smoking. He had myocardial infarction ten years ago. Under general anesthesia, the left femoral artery was surgically exposed and the left braquial artery was catheterized with a "pigtail" catheter, under Seldinger technique. The proximal 46mm/Æ and distal 34mm/Æ stent-graft was placed just distal to the origen of the left subclavian artery. Control arteriography showed that the lesion was completely excluded. The patient was discharged seven days after the surgery, when a computed tomographic control, was performed showing a sustained aneurysm exclusion and a satisfactory endovascular position.

Gaudencio Espinosa

2000-06-01

172

Tratamento endovascular de dissecção crônica toracoabdominal complicada com aneurisma torácico, mediante implante de endoprótese vascular / Endovascular treatment for chronic toracho-abdominal aortic dissection complicated with thoracic aneurysm, by the placement of an endovascular stent-graft  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in english Our objective is to report a case of a patient with a descending thoracic aortic aneurysm and chronic aortic dissection, who was submitted to an endovascular treatment. A 68-year-old male with coronary artery disease and hypertension, with no history of trauma, diabetes or smoking. He had myocardial [...] infarction ten years ago. Under general anesthesia, the left femoral artery was surgically exposed and the left braquial artery was catheterized with a "pigtail" catheter, under Seldinger technique. The proximal 46mm/Æ and distal 34mm/Æ stent-graft was placed just distal to the origen of the left subclavian artery. Control arteriography showed that the lesion was completely excluded. The patient was discharged seven days after the surgery, when a computed tomographic control, was performed showing a sustained aneurysm exclusion and a satisfactory endovascular position.

Espinosa, Gaudencio; Abreu, Jesus Antonio Carvalho; Araujo, Adalberto Pereira.

173

Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in Detection and Follow-Up of an Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Aorto-Caval Fistula and Endovascular Treatment  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

An aorto-caval fistula is a rare complication of a symptomatic or ruptured infrarenal aortic aneurysm having a frequency of 3-6%. Patients typically present with clinical signs of diffuse abdominal pain associated with increasing venous congestion and tachycardia, rapid cardiopulmonary decompensation with acute dyspnea, and an audible machinerylike bruit. Perioperative mortality is high, ranging from 20% to 60%. We report a case of an endovascular aortic repair in a patient with a symptomatic infrarenal aortic aneurysm and an aorto-caval fistula. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound seems to be a promising new diagnostic option for the diagnosis and preoperative treatment planning for patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms with rupture into the inferior vena cava. It is in addition to computed tomography angiography. It might allow a more rapid and noninvasive diagnosis, especially for patients in intensive care because of its bedside availability. Because the examination is dynamic, additional information about blood flow between the aorta and inferior cava vein can be evaluated

2007-06-01

174

Correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal e artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em paciente com hemofilia C grave / Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and left common iliac artery in a patient with severe hemophilia C  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A deficiência do fator XI, também conhecida como hemofilia C, é uma doença hematológica hereditária rara, que se manifesta clinicamente com hemorragia persistente após cirurgias, traumas, menorragias e extrações dentárias. Neste artigo, relatou-se a correção endovascular de um paciente com aneurisma [...] de aorta e de artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em um paciente portador de deficiência major do fator XI (atividade do fator XI inferior a 20%). O procedimento foi realizado com sucesso, com o manuseio do distúrbio da coagulação por meio da infusão de plasma fresco no pré-operatório imediato e no pós-operatório, e controle laboratorial da coagulação do paciente. Abstract in english Factor XI deficiency, also known as hemophilia C, is a rare hereditary blood disease that manifests with persistent bleeding after surgery, trauma, menorrhagia, and dental extractions. This article reports an endovascular repair of a patient diagnosed with an aortic and left common iliac aneurysm, w [...] ith severe factor XI deficiency (factor XI activity below 20%). The procedure was successfully performed with management of the coagulation disorder by preoperative and postoperative infusion of plasma and laboratory control of the coagulation.

Sergio Quilici, Belczak; Igor Rafael, Sincos; Ricardo, Aun; Boulanger, Mioto Neto; Manoel, Lobato; Fernando, Saliture; Alex, Ledermain.

175

Correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal e artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em paciente com hemofilia C grave Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and left common iliac artery in a patient with severe hemophilia C  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A deficiência do fator XI, também conhecida como hemofilia C, é uma doença hematológica hereditária rara, que se manifesta clinicamente com hemorragia persistente após cirurgias, traumas, menorragias e extrações dentárias. Neste artigo, relatou-se a correção endovascular de um paciente com aneurisma de aorta e de artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em um paciente portador de deficiência major do fator XI (atividade do fator XI inferior a 20%. O procedimento foi realizado com sucesso, com o manuseio do distúrbio da coagulação por meio da infusão de plasma fresco no pré-operatório imediato e no pós-operatório, e controle laboratorial da coagulação do paciente.Factor XI deficiency, also known as hemophilia C, is a rare hereditary blood disease that manifests with persistent bleeding after surgery, trauma, menorrhagia, and dental extractions. This article reports an endovascular repair of a patient diagnosed with an aortic and left common iliac aneurysm, with severe factor XI deficiency (factor XI activity below 20%. The procedure was successfully performed with management of the coagulation disorder by preoperative and postoperative infusion of plasma and laboratory control of the coagulation.

Sergio Quilici Belczak

2012-03-01

176

Improving Results of Elective Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair at a Low-Volume Hospital by Risk-Adjusted Selection of Treatment in the Endovascular Era  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Several studies have observed both higher mortality rates and lower utilization of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) at low-volume centers. This article presents the results of elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair at a low-volume center in the endovascular era and investigates whether postprocedural mortality can be improved by extension of EVAR application also in this setting. This is an 11.6-year retrospective cohort study of 132 patients undergoing elective surgical or endovascular AAA repair at a tertiary care academic hospital between 1997 and July 2008, i.e., a median volume of 12 cases per year. The study was divided into two periods of time according to the respective indications and contraindications for EVAR, which substantially changed in 2005. During period 1, only aneurysms with necks ?20 mm long and not involving the iliac arteries were treated endoluminally. Beginning in 2005, indication for EVAR was expanded to aortoiliac aneurysms with a minimum neck length of 15 mm. Preoperative risk was assessed by the SVS/AAVS comorbidity score. During the first period (1997-2004) 18.4% (16/87) of all patients received EVAR. By extending anatomical confines and indications for EVAR in 2005, the utilization rate of EVAR increased to 40.0% (18/45) during the second period (2005-July 2008; p = 0.007). Prevalence of preoperative risk factors did not change during the two observation periods. In contrast to period 1, high-risk patients were preferentially treated endoluminally during the second period, resulting in a significantly higher median SVS/AAVS score in the EVAR group (p < 0.001). A significant decrease in median length of stay at the intensive/intermediate care unit (5 vs. 2 days; p = 0.006) and length of in-hospital stay (20 vs. 12.5 days; p < 0.001) was observed during period 2. Overall perioperative mortality was reduced from 6.9% during the first period to 2.2% during the second period (p = 0.256). EVAR mortality was 0%, mortality after open repair was reduced from 8.5% to 3.7% (p = 0.414). In conclusion, by risk-adjusted selection of treatment and frequent application of EVAR, it is possible to improve perioperative outcome of elective AAA repair at a low-volume hospital. Mortality figures are similar to those of recent trials at high-volume centers, as reported in the literature.

2009-09-01

177

Successful staged management of simultaneous abdominal aortic aneurysm and renal tumor: the novel minimally invasive treatment with endovascular aneurysm repair and retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in an elderly and high-risk case  

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The association between abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and renal tumor is becoming more frequent, and the increasing incidence of this synchronous diseases raised questions about the procedures of treatment. In most of the previous cases, open nephrectomy and AAA surgery have been reported, however in high risk and elderly patients, the procedure is life threatening. We present a successful staged treatment of AAA and renal tumor using novel minimally invasive treatment with endovascular ane...

Satoru Kira; Norifumi Sawada; Shouji Kudou; Hidenori Zakoji; Shigeaki Kaga; Masahiko Matsumoto; Masayuki Takeda

2012-01-01

178

Preoperative echocardiographic predictors for 1-year mortality in patients treated with standard endovascular aneurysm repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

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Background: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and cardiovascular disease are intimately associated, the latter representing the most common cause of death in Sweden. Cardiac complications are held responsible for the majority of perioperative morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing repair of AAA. The importance of preoperative thorough cardiac assessment is therefore obvious. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic signif...

Tomas Ohrlander; Magnus Dencker; Stefan Acosta

2013-01-01

179

Endovascular therapy of abdominal aortic aneurysm: results of a mid-term follow-up; Endovaskulaere Therapie von abdominellen Aortenaneurysmen: Klinisch-radiologishe Ergebnisse im mittelfristigen Verlauf  

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Prospective study to evaluate clinical results and complications of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment in a mid-term follow-up. Materials and methods: A total of 122 patients (9 females, 113 males, average age 70.0{+-}7,9 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with stent grafts (53 Vanguard or Stentor endografts, 69 Talent endografts). Group I consisted of 40 patients who had all aortic tributaries of the aneurysm sac occluded prior to endovalscular grafting, either spontaneously by parietal thrombosis or by selective coil embolization of the respective ostia preserving collateral circulation distal to the vessel occlusion. Group II consisted of 82 patients and included all cases without or with incomplete coil embolization with at least one patent vessel. Stent grafting was performed in general anesthesia in the first 21 patients, followed by peridural anesthesia in 15 cases, and local anesthesia with conscious sedation in 86 cases. The results were evaluated with Spiral-CT, MRI and radiographs of the endovascular graft, with follow-up examinations obtained at 3, 6, 12 months, and every year - Implantation was successfully completed in all cases without primary conversion surgery, laparotomy or any significant complication. Mean follow-up was 29{+-}21 months (maximum 82 months). The 30-day mortality was 0,8% due to a myocardial infarction 3 days after discharge from the hospital. A total of 47 re-interventions were performed in 29 patients (23.8%), with 35 re-interventions in 18 cases with Vanguard or Stentor endografts and 12 re-interventions in 11 patients with Talent endografts. 23 percutaneous re-interventions included distal graft extension (n=11), Wallstent for kinking and limb stenosis (n=3), and secondary coil embolization of collateral vessels (n=9). 24 surgical re-interventions included proximal graft extension (n=6), new endovascular grafts (n=3), surgical clipping of lumbar and mesenteric artery branches for type-II endoleaks following ineffective secondary coil embolization (n=1), and femorofemoral crossover bypasses (n=4). A total of 10 secondary conversion operations were performed because of damage to the membrane (n=4; 3 Vanguard endografts, 1 Talent endograft), significant caudal migrations (n=5; 4 Vanguard endografts, 1 Talent endograft) associated with type-I endoleaks (n=2), limb occlusion (n=1), disconnection of graft components (n=1), and significant endoluminal thrombus deposits (n=1). One patient, who was followed for 82 months, suffered from a significant endoleak for 10 months with increasing aneurysm diameter but he refused surgery. He was admitted with aneurysm perforation and was successfully operated with aortic graft replacement. Compared to group II, the incidence and size of endoleaks was reduced in group I (incidence 19.2% versus 29.9%, p<0.05). Group I demonstrated significantly better aneurysm shrinkage at 36 months follow-up ({delta} sagittal diameter -11.1{+-}8.4 mm versus -4.9{+-}6.2 mm, p<0.05). (orig.) [German] Zielsetzung: Prospektive Studie zur Erfassung der klinisch-radiologischen Ergebnisse und Komplikationen im mittelfristigen Verlauf nach endovaskulaerer Aneurysmatherapie. Material und Methoden: 122 Patienten (9 Frauen, 113 Maenner, Alter 70,9{+-}7,9 Jahre) mit abdominellen Aortenaneurysmen wurden mittels Stentprothesen endovaskulaer behandelt (Vanguard/Stentor n=53, Talent n=69). Patienten mit verschlossenen aortalen Seitenaesten im Aneurysmabereich (spontan oder, nach Embolisationsbehandlung) wurden in Gruppe I (n=40) zusammengefasst, Patienten mit mindestens einem perfundierten Seitenast in Gruppe II (n=82). Die Implantationen erfolgten zunaechst in Allgemeinnarkose (n=21), spaeter in Periduralanaesthesie (n=15) und schliesslich in Lokalanaestesie (n=86). Die Ergebniskontrollen erfolgten mittels Spiral-CT, MRT und Stent-Radiographie postinterventionell, nach 3, 6 und 12 Monaten, dann jaehrlich. Ergebnisse: Die Implantationen wurden in allen Faellen erfolgreich durchgefuehrt, ohne primaere Konversionsoperationen, Laparotomien oder sonstig

Pitton, M.B.; Schweitzer, H.; Herber, S.; Thelen, M. [Universitaetsklinik Mainz (Germany). Klinik fuer Radiologie; Schmiedt, W.; Neufang, A. [Universitaetsklinik Mainz (Germany). Klinik fuer Herz-, Thorax-, und Gefaesschirurgie; Dueber, C. [Universitaetsklinikum Mannheim (Germany). Inst. fuer Diagnostische Radiologie

2003-10-01

180

Feasibility of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair Outside of the Instructions for Use and Morphological Changes at 3 Years after the Procedure  

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Introduction: We retrospectively analyzed outcomes of patients who had undergone endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) more than 3 years previously in a single institution. We compared outcomes between patients who underwent EVAR within and outside of the devices’ instructions for use (IFU) and examined mid-term morphological changes in AAA. Methods: A total of 275 patients who underwent EVAR for AAA were selected. IFU parameters included aneurysmal neck length, angulation and presence of massive atheroma. Patients were divided into 2 groups: the Within IFU group (W-IFU: n = 193) and the Outside of IFU group (O-IFU: n = 82). Results: Patients in the O-IFU group were older and had a larger AAA diameter. Other comorbid factors were similar between the 2 groups. There was no difference in overall survival rates and reintervention rates between the 2 groups. The most common cause for reintervention was AAA enlargement 3 years after EVAR. Irrespective of the IFU, mid-term morphological changes, including neck angulation, neck diameter, sac re-expansion, and Palmaz stent displacement, were found. Conclusion: Outcomes of EVAR were considered acceptable in the O-IFU group. Careful follow-up is necessary considering the morphological changes in AAAs after EVAR.

2014-01-01

 
 
 
 
181

Efficacy of Continuous Epidural Analgesia versus Total Intravenous Analgesia on Postoperative Pain Control in Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair: A Retrospective Case-Control Study  

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We reviewed our experience to compare the effectiveness of epidural analgesia and total intravenous analgesia on postoperative pain control in patients undergoing endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. Records of 32 patients during a 2-year period were retrospectively investigated. TIVA group (n = 18) received total intravenous anesthesia, and EA group (n = 14) received epidural anesthesia and sedation. Pain assessment was performed on all patients on a daily basis during rest and activity on postoperative days until discharge from ward using the numeric rating scale. Data for demographic variables, required anesthetic level, perioperative hemodynamic variables, postoperative pain, and morbidities were recorded. There were no relevant differences concerning hospital stay (TIVA group: 14.1?±?7.0, EA group: 13.5?±?7.1), perioperative blood pressure variability (TIVA group: 15.6?±?18.1, EA group: 14.8?±?11.5), and perioperative hemodynamic complication rate (TIVA group: 17%, EA group: 14%). Postoperative pain scores differed significantly (TIVA group: 5.4?±?0.9, EA group: 1.8?±?0.8, P < 0.001). Epidural anesthesia and postoperative epidural analgesia better reduce postoperative pain better compared with general anesthesia and systemic analgesia, with similar effects on hemodynamic status.

Ozdemir, Abdullah; Kazdal, H?z?r; Tugcugil, Ersagun

2014-01-01

182

Comparison of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound and Computed Tomography in Classifying Endoleaks After Endovascular Treatment of Abdominal Aorta Aneurysms: Preliminary Experience  

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The purpose of the study was to assess the effectiveness of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) in endoleak classification after endovascular treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm compared to computed tomography angiography (CTA). From May 2001 to April 2003, 10 patients with endoleaks already detected by CTA underwent CEUS with Sonovue (registered) to confirm the CTA classification or to reclassify the endoleak. In three conflicting cases, the patients were also studied with conventional angiography. CEUS confirmed the CTA classification in seven cases (type II endoleaks). Two CTA type III endoleaks were classified as type II using CEUS and one CTA type II endoleak was classified as type I by CEUS. Regarding the cases with discordant classification, conventional angiography confirmed the ultrasound classification. Additionally, CEUS documented the origin of type II endoleaks in all cases. After CEUS reclassification of endoleaks, a significant change in patient management occurred in three cases. CEUS allows a better attribution of the origin of the endoleak, as it shows the flow in real time. CEUS is more specific than CTA in endoleak classification and gives more accurate information in therapeutic planning

2006-12-01

183

Current technology for the treatment of infection following abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) fixation by endovascular repair (EVAR).  

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In recent years, in parallel with the increase of endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) procedures performances, a rise of late open surgical removal of EVAR implants has been observed, due to non-endovascularly correctable graft complications. Among them endograft infection is a rare but devastating occurrence, accounting for an incidence ranging from 0.2% to 0.7% in major series, and almost 1% of all causes of endograft explantations. However, a real estimation of the incidence of the problem respect to the number of EVAR implantations is difficult to obtain. Time to infection is usually defined as the period between EVAR and presentation of symptoms that leads to the infection diagnosis. It can be extremely variable, depending on bacterial virulence and host conditions. The diagnosis of an endograft infection is usually based on a combination of clinical symptoms, imaging studies and microbial cultures whenever possible. If computed tomography (CT) scan is employed in almost 100% of infection diagnosis, a combination of fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) and CT scan is nowadays used with increasing frequency in order to rise the likelihood of detecting a graft infection, since even cultures of blood or samples collected from the infected field can sometimes be negative. Complete graft excision seems the best approach whenever a surgical reconstruction could be attempted. In situ reconstruction can be performed by the interposition of an autologous vein, a cryopreserved allograft or a rifampin-soaked Dacron graft. The so-called conventional treatment contemplates the re-establishment of vascularization through extranatomical routes, thus preserving the new graft material from possible contamination by the surgical field just cleaned. When severe comorbid conditions did not allow graft excision, a conservative treatment should be taken into account. It is mainly based on broad-spectrum or culture-specific antibiotic therapy combined, whenever possible, with percutaneous drainage of the infectious cavity or aneurismal sac followed by irrigation with saline and antibiotic solutions. New techniques of percutaneous drainage under CT scan guidance can allow expedite collection of fluid material for microbial culture or fluid drainage, catheter positioning to collect infectious material from the cavity and perform irrigation of the infected field or injection of iodine contrast when the suspicion of aortoenteric fistula exists. PMID:24518072

Capoccia, L; Mestres, G; Riambau, V

2014-06-01

184

Abdominal aorta morphometric study for endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms: comparison between spiral CT and angiography; Estudo morfometrico da aorta abdominal para tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas aorticos: comparacao entre tomografia helicoidal e angiografia  

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Purpose: To compare the computed tomography and angiography study of abdominal aortic aneurysms for posterior endograft implant. Method: From June 1997 to March 2001, 113 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm were submitted to study of the aorto-iliac axis with abdominal spiral computed tomography and angiography with calibrated catheter. The patient's ages ranged from 51 and 88 years (mean: 69). There were 104 males and nine females. Results: When comparing the mean computed tomography and angiography diameters, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the infra-renal neck (p<0.05) and for the aortic aneurysm diameters (p<0.001). There was no statistical difference for the iliac artery diameters (p>0.05). When comparing the mean lengths, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the aortic infra-renal neck (p<0.05), for the distance between the renal artery and the aortic bifurcation (p<0.05) and for the common iliac artery lengths (p<0.05). There was also a statistical difference for the length between the renal artery and the internal iliac artery (p<0.05). Conclusions: In the AAA pre-procedure imaging study there were statistical differences between the computed tomography and angiographic measurement studies. We believe that computed tomography is a superior method for the evaluation of diameters and the angiography with a calibrated catheter for the length evaluation. We conclude, that both methods are complementary and must be undertaken for accurate evaluation of all candidates for aortic endograft implant. (author)

Espinosa, Gaudencio [Universidade Federal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Hospital Universitario Clementino Fraga Filho. Dept. de Cirurgia Vascular; Marchiori, Edson [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Radiologia]. E-mail: edmarchiori@zipmail.com.br; Caramalho, Monica Ferreira [Hospital Miguel Couto, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Barzola, Pedro [Medtronic-AVE do Brasil, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Araujo, Adalberto Pereira de

2002-12-01

185

Construct domain analysis of patient health-related quality of life: physical and mental trajectory profiles following open versus endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

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Full Text Available Nicolas J Mouawad, Stefan W Leichtle, Jeffrey V Manchio, Richard M Lampman, Brian G Halloran, Walter M Whitehouse JrMichigan Heart and Vascular Institute, Saint Joseph Mercy Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, USAPurpose: Many clinical trials comparing the outcomes of open surgical repair (OSR versus endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs have been conducted, with varying results. Surprisingly, few outcomes studies have closely examined perceived physical and mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL factors through a validated survey tool. The purpose of this prospective observational study was to describe the trajectory of HRQOL measures, from baseline to 1 year after surgery, in patients undergoing OSR or EVAR for AAA, and to explore for differences in physical and mental composite scores and their construct domains (subscales using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36® tool.Patients and methods: Over an 18-month period, a small sample of patients undergoing elective AAA repair in a community hospital setting were prospectively enrolled. Fifteen patients undergoing OSR and twenty patients undergoing EVAR were studied. Physical and mental HRQOL parameters were assessed using the SF-36.Results: No significant differences in demographic and clinical variables were found between the OSR and EVAR groups. In the multivariable linear models with repeated measures, both groups showed a significant decline in physical health composite scores 30 days after the surgical procedure (P < 0.01. However, although the OSR group showed a statistically significant decline in three of the four physical health domains, the EVAR group declined in only one physical health domain. Only the OSR group showed a significant decline in three of the four mental health domains at 30 days; however, the decline of these domains was not reflected in the group’s mental health composite scores. By 90 days after surgery, both groups were not significantly different from their baseline in physical or mental health composite scores, or in any of their respective physical health domains.Conclusion: In this small sample of patients undergoing AAA repair, EVAR resulted in less physical and emotional decline than OSR in the early postoperative period. However, patients in both groups may return to near baseline status at 90 days.Keywords: AAA, endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR, open surgical repair (OSR, Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36®, health related quality of life (HRQ

Mouawad NJ

2012-12-01

186

Automatic pose initialization for accurate 2D/3D registration applied to abdominal aortic aneurysm endovascular repair  

Science.gov (United States)

Minimally invasive abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) stenting can be greatly facilitated by overlaying the preoperative 3-D model of the abdominal aorta onto the intra-operative 2-D X-ray images. Accurate 2-D/3-D registration in 3-D space makes the 2-D/3-D overlay robust to the change of C-Arm angulations. By far, the 2-D/3-D registration methods based on simulated X-ray projection images using multiple image planes have been shown to be able to provide satisfactory 3-D registration accuracy. However, one drawback of the intensity-based 2-D/3-D registration methods is that the similarity measure is usually highly non-convex and hence the optimizer can easily be trapped into local minima. User interaction therefore is often needed in the initialization of the position of the 3-D model in order to get a successful 2-D/3-D registration. In this paper, a novel 3-D pose initialization technique is proposed, as an extension of our previously proposed bi-plane 2-D/3-D registration method for AAA intervention [4]. The proposed method detects vessel bifurcation points and spine centerline in both 2-D and 3-D images, and utilizes landmark information to bring the 3-D volume into a 15mm capture range. The proposed landmark detection method was validated on real dataset, and is shown to be able to provide a good initialization for 2-D/3-D registration in [4], thus making the workflow fully automatic.

Miao, Shun; Lucas, Joseph; Liao, Rui

2012-02-01

187

Dual-energy CT in the follow-up after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair; Dual-Energy CT zur postoperativen Langzeitkontrolle nach endovaskulaer therapierten abdominellen Aortenaneurysmen  

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This study investigates the dual-energy procedure for postoperative CT follow-up scans after endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms. The procedure is analyzed with respect to its sensitivity and specificity as well as the associated radiation exposure. 51 examinations were carried out on 47 patients between February 2009 and March 2010. For each patient, a non-enhanced, an arterial and a venous scan were conducted, the latter two using the dual-energy technology. Virtual images for the non-enhanced phase were reconstructed from the data taken in the venous phase. Protocol A, the reference standard, consisted of non-enhanced images and images of the arterial and venous phase. In protocol B, standard non-enhanced images were replaced by the reconstructed virtual non-enhanced images. Protocol C consisted only of virtual non-enhanced and 80 kV images taken during the venous phase. All data was anonymized and evaluated by two independent radiologists. For protocol C, sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values were computed. The effective radiation dosage was determined for each scan. All endoleaks identified in protocol A were found using protocols B and C. For protocol C, the sensitivity and negative predictive value were 100 %, the specificity was 94.1 %, and the positive predictive value was 89.5 %. Compared to protocol A, protocol C reduces the radiation exposure by 62.45 %. A scan protocol consisting of virtual non-enhanced images as well as 80 kV images taken during the venous phase was found to be a reliable alternative method for diagnosing endoleaks, while reducing the radiation exposure by 62.45 %. (orig.)

Braegelmann, A.; Heindel, W.; Seifarth, H. [Universitaetsklinikum Muenster (Germany). Inst. fuer Klinische Radiologie; Bunck, A.; Maintz, D. [Universitaetsklinikum Muenster (Germany). Inst. fuer Klinische Radiologie; Universitaetsklinikum Koeln (Germany). Inst. und Poliklinik fuer Radiologische Diagnostik; Donas, K.; Kasprzak, B. [Universitaetsklinikum Muenster (Germany). Klinik fuer Vaskulaere und Endovaskulaere Chirurgie

2013-04-15

188

Health Related Quality of Life after Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Open and Endovascular Techniques—A Two-Year Follow Up  

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Full Text Available Background: Patients with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm can be treated with two different surgical methods: Open repair (OR or Endovascular Aortic Repair (EVAR. These two different treatments can probably result in different sense of Health related Quality of life, both in a short term and a long term perspective. The purpose of this prospective study was to examine patients’ Health related Quality of life after surgical treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm over two years using different instruments for the observations. Methods: Patients were invited consecutively to answer questionnaires before operation, and 1, 12 and 24 months after surgery. The study was conducted by using the Health related Quality of life questionnaires Short Form (SF-36 and Nottingham Health Profile (NHP. 76 patient (40 in the OR and 36 in the EVAR group participated in the study. The mean age in the OR group were 68 years, range 52 - 80 and in the EVAR group 75 years, range 65 - 85. The results from these two groups of patients were compared to a matched reference group. Results: Patients treated with EVAR rated their Health related Quality of life significantly lower in the domain of Mental Health and Mental Component Score in relation to a matched reference population before surgery. This difference was not present two years after intervention. After one month Health related qualities of life were worse for the OR group. After two years significant improvements in relation to baseline were observed only among patients in the OR group. No such long-term benefits were seen in the EVAR group. Conclusions: As the component mental health seemed to be impaired for these study group before surgery in relation to the matched reference group, nursing and doctors care actions may be of importance during the pre-operative phase. In the short perspective Health related Quality of life is worse for OR patients than the EVAR group but in the long term perspective improvements beyond preoperative status can only be seen with OR patients.

Monica Pettersson

2012-09-01

189

Successful staged management of simultaneous abdominal aortic aneurysm and renal tumor: the novel minimally invasive treatment with endovascular aneurysm repair and retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in an elderly and high-risk case.  

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The association between abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and renal tumor is becoming more frequent, and the increasing incidence of this synchronous diseases raised questions about the procedures of treatment. In most of the previous cases, open nephrectomy and AAA surgery have been reported, however in high risk and elderly patients, the procedure is life threatening. We present a successful staged treatment of AAA and renal tumor using novel minimally invasive treatment with endovascular aneurysm repair and retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in an elderly and high-risk case. PMID:24765444

Kira, Satoru; Sawada, Norifumi; Kudou, Shouji; Zakoji, Hidenori; Kaga, Shigeaki; Matsumoto, Masahiko; Takeda, Masayuki

2012-03-30

190

Successful staged management of simultaneous abdominal aortic aneurysm and renal tumor: the novel minimally invasive treatment with endovascular aneurysm repair and retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in an elderly and high-risk case  

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Full Text Available The association between abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA and renal tumor is becoming more frequent, and the increasing incidence of this synchronous diseases raised questions about the procedures of treatment. In most of the previous cases, open nephrectomy and AAA surgery have been reported, however in high risk and elderly patients, the procedure is life threatening. We present a successful staged treatment of AAA and renal tumor using novel minimally invasive treatment with endovascular aneurysm repair and retroperitoneal laparoscopic radical nephrectomy in an elderly and high-risk case.

Masayuki Takeda

2012-03-01

191

Fatores envolvidos na migração das endopróteses em pacientes submetidos ao tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal Factors involved in the migration of endoprosthesis in patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair  

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Full Text Available A migração da endoprótese é complicação do tratamento endovascular definida como deslocamento da ancoragem inicial. Para avaliação da migração, verifica-se a posição da endoprótese em relação a determinada região anatômica. Considerando o aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal, a área proximal de referência consiste na origem da artéria renal mais baixa e, na região distal, situa-se nas artérias ilíacas internas. Os pacientes deverão ser monitorizados por longos períodos, a fim de serem identificadas migrações, visto que estas ocorrem normalmente após 2 anos de implante. Para evitar migrações, forças mecânicas que propiciam fixação, determinadas por características dos dispositivos e incorporação da endoprótese, devem predominar sobre forças gravitacionais e hemodinâmicas que tendem a arrastar a prótese no sentido caudal. Angulação, extensão e diâmetro do colo, além da medida transversa do saco aneurismático, são importantes aspectos morfológicos do aneurisma relacionados à migração. Com relação à técnica, não se recomenda implante de endopróteses com sobredimensionamento excessivo (> 30%, por provocar dilatação do colo do aneurisma, além de dobras e vazamentos proximais que também contribuem para a migração. Por outro lado, endopróteses com mecanismos adicionais de fixação (ganchos, farpas e fixação suprarrenal parecem apresentar menos migrações. O processo de incorporação das endopróteses ocorre parcialmente e parece não ser suficiente para impedir migrações tardias. Nesse sentido, estudos experimentais com endopróteses de maior porosidade e uso de substâncias que permitam maior fibroplasia e aderência da prótese à artéria vêm sendo realizados e parecem ser promissores. Esses aspectos serão discutidos nesta revisão.Migration of the endoprosthesis is defined as the misplacement of its initial fixation. To assess the migration, the position of the endoprosthesis regarding a certain anatomic region is verified. Considering the aneurysm of the infrarenal abdominal aorta, the proximal area of reference is the origin of the lowest renal artery and, at the distal region, it is located next to the internal iliac arteries. Patients should be monitored for long periods so that migrations can be identified; these migrations usually occur 2 years after the implantation. To avoid migrations, mechanical forces that enable fixation and that are determined by the characteristics of the devices and by the incorporation of the endoprosthesis should predominate over gravitational and hemodynamic forces, which tend to drag the prosthesis toward to caudal direction. Angulation, extension, and diameter of the neck, and transversal measure of the aneurysmatic sac are important morphological aspects related to migration. In relation to the technique, endoprosthesis implantation with excessive oversizing (> 30% is not recommended because it leads to aortic neck dilatation, folds and proximal leakage that also contribute to migration. On the other hand, endoprosthesis with additional fixation devices (hooks, barbs and suprarenal fixation seem to be less associated with migration. The process of endoprosthesis incorporation is partial and does not seem to be enough to prevent later migrations. In this sense, experimental studies with endoprosthesis of higher porosity, as well as the use of substances that allow higher fibroplasia and adherence of the prosthesis to the artery, have been conducted and are promising. Such aspects are discussed in the present review of the literature.

Marcelo José de Almeida

2010-06-01

192

Evaluation of the proximal aortic neck enlargement following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: 3-years experience  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of this study was to evaluate incidence, potential risk factors and effects on stent-graft migration of proximal neck dilatation after endoluminal repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR), and the role of ultrasound (US) in detecting neck enlargement. From November 1998 to October 2001, 90 patients underwent EVAR. On follow-up, US and CT angiography (CTA) were performed, and diameters of the suprarenal and infrarenal aortic necks were monitored. Incidence of significant neck enlargement (?2.5 mm) and distal stent-graft migration (>10 mm) was calculated. Several factors were evaluated as predictive of neck enlargement. Ultrasound and CTA measurements were compared. The US and CTA examinations were available in 68, 39, and 11 patients at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up (mean follow-up 15 months). Incidence of significant neck dilatation was 21.8% at the infrarenal level (13, 33, and 36% at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up) and 13.8% at the suprarenal level (9, 18, and 27% at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up). Significant stent-graft migration occurred in 14 of 87 patients (16%) and was associated with neck dilatation in 8 (2 suprarenal and 6 infrarenal). No risk factors were identified. Ultrasound was less accurate than CT in measuring neck diameter, in particular at the suprarenal level. Proximal aortic neck enlargement occurs in up to 30% of patients after EVAR and represents the main risk factor for stent-graft migration. The risk of infrarenal neck dilatation is higher at 2 years follow-up, whereas the suprarenal neck enlarges later. Ultrasound is not useful in monitoring neck diameter. (orig.)

2003-08-01

193

Evaluation of the proximal aortic neck enlargement following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: 3-years experience  

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The aim of this study was to evaluate incidence, potential risk factors and effects on stent-graft migration of proximal neck dilatation after endoluminal repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR), and the role of ultrasound (US) in detecting neck enlargement. From November 1998 to October 2001, 90 patients underwent EVAR. On follow-up, US and CT angiography (CTA) were performed, and diameters of the suprarenal and infrarenal aortic necks were monitored. Incidence of significant neck enlargement ({>=}2.5 mm) and distal stent-graft migration (>10 mm) was calculated. Several factors were evaluated as predictive of neck enlargement. Ultrasound and CTA measurements were compared. The US and CTA examinations were available in 68, 39, and 11 patients at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up (mean follow-up 15 months). Incidence of significant neck dilatation was 21.8% at the infrarenal level (13, 33, and 36% at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up) and 13.8% at the suprarenal level (9, 18, and 27% at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up). Significant stent-graft migration occurred in 14 of 87 patients (16%) and was associated with neck dilatation in 8 (2 suprarenal and 6 infrarenal). No risk factors were identified. Ultrasound was less accurate than CT in measuring neck diameter, in particular at the suprarenal level. Proximal aortic neck enlargement occurs in up to 30% of patients after EVAR and represents the main risk factor for stent-graft migration. The risk of infrarenal neck dilatation is higher at 2 years follow-up, whereas the suprarenal neck enlarges later. Ultrasound is not useful in monitoring neck diameter. (orig.)

Napoli, Vinicio; Bargellini, Irene; Petruzzi, Pasquale; Cioni, Roberto; Vignali, Claudio; Bartolozzi, Carlo [Division of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Department of Oncology, Transplants and Advanced Technologies in Medicine, University of Pisa, Via Roma 67, 56126, Pisa (Italy); Sardella, Savino G.; Ferrari, Mauro [Division of Vascular Surgery, Cisanello Hospital, Pisa (Italy)

2003-08-01

194

Fluid-structure interaction of a patient-specific abdominal aortic aneurysm treated with an endovascular stent-graft.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are local dilatations of the infrarenal aorta. If left untreated they may rupture and lead to death. One form of treatment is the minimally invasive insertion of a stent-graft into the aneurysm. Despite this effective treatment aneurysms may occasionally continue to expand and this may eventually result in post-operative rupture of the aneurysm. Fluid-structure interaction (FSI) is a particularly useful tool for investigating aneurysm biomechanics as both the wall stresses and fluid forces can be examined. METHODS: Pre-op, Post-op and Follow-up models were reconstructed from CT scans of a single patient and FSI simulations were performed on each model. The FSI approach involved coupling Abaqus and Fluent via a third-party software - MpCCI. Aneurysm wall stress and compliance were investigated as well as the drag force acting on the stent-graft. RESULTS: Aneurysm wall stress was reduced from 0.38 MPa before surgery to a value of 0.03 MPa after insertion of the stent-graft. Higher stresses were seen in the aneurysm neck and iliac legs post-operatively. The compliance of the aneurysm was also reduced post-operatively. The peak Post-op axial drag force was found to be 4.85 N. This increased to 6.37 N in the Follow-up model. CONCLUSION: In a patient-specific case peak aneurysm wall stress was reduced by 92%. Such a reduction in aneurysm wall stress may lead to shrinkage of the aneurysm over time. Hence, post-operative stress patterns may help in determining the likelihood of aneurysm shrinkage post EVAR. Post-operative remodelling of the aneurysm may lead to increased drag forces.

Molony, David S

2009-01-01

195

Uso del pericardio porcino tratado con gluteraldehido en el tratamiento de los defectos de la pared abdominal: estudio experimental en ratas / Using porcine pericardio gluteraldehyde treated in the treatment of abdominal wall defects: an experimental study in rats  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: El tratamiento quirúrgico del onfalocele y gastrosquísis gigante, plantea un tratamiento complementario con parches protésicos sintéticos que son eliminados a los siete a doce días de haberse aplicado Objetivos: El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar la utilidad de un parche d [...] e pericardio porcino tratada con glutaraldehido 1%, aplicado quirúrgicamente sobre un defecto de la pared abdominal. Material y Métodos: El estudio de tipo experimental se llevó a cabo en el Servicio de Cirugía Experimental del Instituto Nacional de Salud del El pericardio porcino obtenido en forma estéril y fue tratado con gluteraldehido al 1 %. Los animales fueron anestesiados con una combinación de ketamina 50mg /kilo y Xilascina a razón de 12 mgs /kilo IM Atropina 0.2 mgs / Kilo IM. Usando una técnica quirúrgica aséptica. Se les resecó, de 1x 3 cms de pared, en la zona media del abdomen, aplicándoles luego un parche de pericardio 1,5 cm. por 3 cm. la cual, se fijó a los bordes del defecto. Resultados: Cuatro animales murieron y 26 sobrevivieron hasta los 30 días. Se observó Cierre de la herida en primera intención en 22 ratas (84,65 % ), integración del parche a la pared abdominal. Hubieron 4 evisceraciones (13,3 %) y 2 eventraciones (6,6 %) Conclusiones: El parche de porcino tratado con glutaraldehido al 1 %, ha tenido un efecto curativo de los efectos de la pared abdominal en ratas, caracterizado por cierre de la herida en primera intención, integración del parche a la pared abdominal y escasas complicaciones. Abstract in english Introduction: In the Surgical treatment of giant omphalocele and gastroschisis and recommended the complementary treatment with prosthetic synthetic patch in order to prevent the compartmental syndrome. But this prosthetic materials are get out seven a twelve days post surgery. Objectives: This stud [...] y has the goal to determinate the usefulness of a porcine pericardium treated with 1 % glutaraldehyde , surgically applied on a defect in the abdominal wall. Matrial and method: The study was carry on in Experimental Surgery Unit at the National Child Hospital , we've had 30 rats Holtzmann with weights between 200 and 300 grams. The porcine pericardium sterile obtained was treated with 1% glutaraldehyde. The animals were anesthesied with ketamine 50 mg/ kg and Xilascina 12 mgs/kg IM Atropine 0.2 mgs/Kilo IM. Using sterile surgical technical a rectangular area of 3 x 1 centimeter of the abdominal wall was resected. A similar patch of the porcine pericardium was fixed on the defect with vycril5 (0). Later the skin was sutured on the pericardium..The rats remain lives during 30 days. Results: We had 4 animals death for due evisceration 26 rats survived. In 22 animals, the chirurgical wound was close in first intention 100 % of live animals was observed permanence of the pericardium and the integration of the patch to the abdominal wall. Conclusion: The porcine pericardical patch was curative effect on the abdominal wall defect of the experimental animals. With some mild complications.

More Flores, Mario Marcelino; Paz Carrillo, Edith; Cruz Chávez, Flor Ángel.

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Tratamiento endovascular del aneurisma de aorta descendente en el adolescente con síndrome de Marfan: Reporte de un caso Endovascular treatment of an aneurysm of the descending aorta in an adolescent with Marfan syndrome  

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Full Text Available Se expone el caso de un adolescente de 14 años de edad, con síndrome de Marfan y antecedente de tres cirugías cardiovasculares previas: valvuloplastia aórtica y mitral a los cinco años y valvuloplastia aórtica y reconstrucción de la aorta torácica con tubo de pericardio bovino a sus diez años. En primer tiempo quirúrgico se realizó reemplazo valvular aórtico por válvula mecánica y valvuloplastia mitral y tricuspidea, y en segundo tiempo quirúrgico, durante la misma hospitalización, exclusión endovascular de aneurisma de aorta descendente asintomático sin complicaciones. Antes del egreso se diagnosticó una endofuga tipo II que se manejó con observación clínica. Luego de un año del procedimiento, los controles clínico y tomográfico son satisfactorios.We describe the case of a 14-year-old adolescent with Marfan syndrome and a history of three previous cardiovascular surgeries: aortic and mitral valve replacement at the age of 5 and aortic valve replacement and reconstruction of the thoracic aorta with a tube of bovine pericardium at the age of ten. In the first surgical procedure the aortic valve was replaced by a mechanical valve, and mitral and tricuspid valvuloplasty was performed. In a second surgical procedure during the same hospitalization, endovascular exclusion of the asymptomatic descending aortic aneurysm was realized without complications. Before discharge, a type II endoleak was diagnosed and managed through clinical observation. After a year of the procedure, clinical and tomographic controls are satisfactory.

Juan G Barrera

2012-01-01

197

Endovascular treatment of two aortoduodenal fistulae.  

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We report the endovascular treatment of two patients presenting with aortoduodenal fistulae. The first patient was a 66-year-old man admitted with hematemesis. He was on clopidogrel and had received a cryopreserved aortic graft for a mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm five years earlier. Computed tomography (CT) showed aortic pseudoaneurysms in close contact with the duodenum. Endovascular repair was carried out. Twenty-seven months after the procedure the patient remains asymptomatic. The second patient was a 78-year-old man admitted with abdominal pain and nausea. CT revealed an abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm and aortoduodenal fistula. He suffered from severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease that greatly increased his surgical morbidity and mortality. An endovascular repair was performed under epidural anesthesia. The patient died of a postoperative pneumonia 38 days after surgery. These two cases illustrate the importance of endovascular aortic repair especially when an open surgical procedure is either difficult or impossible. PMID:21821662

Pérez, Susana Cancer; Galán, Fernando Criado; Mallagray, Enrique Puras; Grau, Juan B; Marco, Carmen Fiuza

2011-10-01

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Innovador tratamiento de heridas abdominales complejas mediante terapia de presión negativa con instilación intermitente / Novel treatment of complex abdominal wounds with negative pressure therapy with intermittent instillation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Describimos nuestra experiencia en el tratamiento de heridas abdominales postquirúrgicas dehiscentes y contaminadas con exposición de material protésico, mediante terapia de presión negativa con instilación intermitente de soluciones tópicas. Este dispositivo nos permitió el rescate de pacientes plu [...] ripatológicos evitando una reintervención compleja de alta morbi-mortalidad y facilitando el cierre de la herida, además con conservación de la malla en la mayor parte de los casos. Abstract in english The present data reports our experience in the treatment of postsurgical dehiscent and infected abdominal wounds with exposure of prosthetic material with negative pressure therapy with intermittent instillation of topical solutions. This device allowed the rescue of pluripatological patients avoidi [...] ng a complex resurgery of high morbi-mortality and facilitating wound closure, besides with conservation of the mesh in most of the cases.

A., García-Ruano; S., García-Fernández; S., Mahedero-Navarrete; J. M., Lasso-Vázquez; R., Pérez-Cano.

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Tratamiento de los defectos congénitos de la pared abdominal (gastrosquisis y onfalocele en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, 1998-2006  

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Full Text Available INTRODUCCIÓN: la gastrosquisis y el onfalocele son malformaciones neonatales de la pared abdominal que, a pesar de sus grandes diferencias, comparten el manifestarse por herniación de las vísceras intraabdominales a través de un defecto de la pared abdominal. Los niños con estas enfermedades se presentan como emergencias quirúrgicas que plantean un reto al cirujano tratante. Tienen una tasa de mortalidad que oscila entre 40 y 60% aun con el tratamiento apropiado y se asocian a un amplio rango de malformaciones, principalmente en los que tienen diagnóstico de onfalocele. El objetivo de la presente revisión retrospectiva fue describir el tratamiento y los resultados obtenidos en estos pacientes, entre 1998 y 2006, en el Servicio de Cirugía infantil del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, de Medellín, Colombia. PACIENTES Y MÉTODOS: se evaluaron todos los pacientes que ingresaron al Servicio de Cirugía infantil del HUSVP con diagnóstico de gastrosquisis u onfalocele, entre el 1 de enero de 1998 y el 31 de diciembre de 2006. Se definió el tipo de tratamiento que se les realizó y, de acuerdo con este, se revisaron los resultados; las complicaciones posquirúrgicas, tales como la infección del sitio operatorio, evisceración, sepsis, íleus e hipertensión intraabdominal; el tiempo de inicio de la vía oral y de la nutrición parenteral total (NPT; la duración de la estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos y en el hospital. RESULTADOS: se identificaron 55 pacientes, 32 con gastrosquisis y 23 con onfalocele, todos ellos tratados quirúrgicamente. El tipo más frecuente de cirugía fue el cierre primario (56,4%; en cuanto al cierre por etapas, el procedimiento más utilizado fue el silo en 21,8% de los niños. En el 75,9% de los pacientes se presentó alguna complicación, más frecuentemente la sepsis, y cuando se evaluaron las complicaciones asociadas al procedimiento quirúrgico, el porcentaje fue similar para el cierre primario y el cierre por etapas. El inicio de la vía oral fue más temprano en los pacientes con cierre primario. Los pacientes con gastrosquisis requirieron mayor tiempo en la UCI y en el hospital. La tasa global de mortalidad fue del 29%, mayor en los pacientes con onfalocele.

Paula Jaramillo Gómez

2008-11-01

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Existen ventajas en el abordaje extraperitoneal para el tratamiento del aneurisma de aorta abdominal? / Are there advantages in the extraperitoneal approach for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm?  

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Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Existen controversias acerca de las posibles ventajas del abordaje transperitoneal vs. extraperitoneal en la cirugía de aneurisma de aorta abdominal; con este último, algunos estudios reportan menor morbilidad y complicaciones operatorias. Este estudio describe los resultados que se obtuvieron con l [...] os dos abordajes en un solo centro de referencia. Es un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, de doce años, en un grupo de 299 pacientes con diagnóstico de aneurisma de aorta abdominal que fueron intervenidos de manera electiva y distribuidos en dos grupos según el abordaje (transperitoneal = grupo 1, extraperitoneal = grupo 2). En total se operaron 93 pacientes en el grupo 1 y 206 pacientes en el 2. En ambos predominaron pacientes del sexo masculino. La edad media fue de 68 años. Las frecuencias de co-morbilidades fueron similares en los dos grupos. Se registró una tendencia a menor número de reoperaciones en el grupo 2 (12,9% vs. 5,8%), De otra parte, se observó una tendencia de mayores complicaciones post-operatorias en el grupo 1 con una frecuencia de 30,1% vs. 12,6% en el grupo 2; sin embargo, el tipo de complicaciones fue similar. Los resultados mostraron una estancia hospitalaria media de 13,3 días (DE ± 10,4) vs. 7,19 días (DE ± 4,20) p= 0,00001, estancia post-operatoria media de 9,16 días (DE ± 8,1) vs. 5,62 días (DE ± 3,46) p= 0,001 y estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos media de 2,76 días (DE ± 4,19) vs. 1,56 días (DE ± 1,86) p= 0,00001 en los grupos 1 y 2 respectivamente. La mortalidad inmediata total fue de 3,3%. La frecuencia de mortalidad para los grupos fue de 6,5% (n= 6) vs. 1,9% (n= 4) respectivamente. En nuestra experiencia el abordaje por la vía extraperitoneal presenta una tendencia favorable para los pacientes en cuanto a la estancia hospitalaria, la estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, la frecuencia de complicaciones post-operatorias y la frecuencia de re-intervenciones en el post-operatorio inmediato. Debido al tamaño de la muestra no puede concluirse que hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en cuanto a la mortalidad; sin embargo se observó una tendencia a la reducción de la misma con el abordaje extraperitoneal. Abstract in english There are current controversies over the benefits of the extraperitoneal vs the transperitoneal approach for repairing an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Several studies report a reduction in morbidity and mortality with the former approach. This study reports the short term results using both [...] approaches at one reference center. This is a 12 year, retrospective descriptive study of 299 patients who underwent an elective open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, distributed in two groups: transperitoneal approach group=1, extraperitoneal approach group=2. A total of 93 patients in group 1 and 206 in group 2 were intervened, mainly male patients with an median age of 68 years. The frequencies of co-morbidities were similar in both groups. There was a reduced tendency of reoperations in group 2 (12.9%vs 5.8%), and a greater tendency of postoperative complications in group 1 (30.1% vs 12.6%). However, the types complications were similar. The results show a median hospital stay of 13.3 days (SD+- 10,4) vs. 7.19 days (SD+- 4.20) p=0.00001, median post-operative stay of 9.16 days (SD-+ 8,1) vs. 5.62 days (SD+- 3,46) p= 0.001 and median intensive unit stay of 2.76 days (SD+-4.19) vs 1.56 days (SD+-1.86) p=0.00001 in group 1 y 2 respectively. Early global mortality was 3.3% with a distribution frequency of 6.5% (n=6) in group 1 and 1.9% (n=4) in group 2. In our experience, the extraperitoneal approach offers better results regarding hospital, postoperative and intensive care unit stay, as well as post-operative re-operation rates and complications. Because of the small sample size, the mortality difference was not statistically significant; however, we found an important tendency towards improved mortality rates with this approach.

Hiller, Heinz; Camacho, Jaime; Moreno, Julián.

 
 
 
 
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Resultados del tratamiento endovascular de la patología carotídea en el Hospital San Juan de Dios de Enero 2007 a Febrero 2010 / Results of endovascular management of carotid disease at San Juan de Dios Hospital from January 2007 to February 2010  

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Full Text Available SciELO Costa Rica | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Justificación y objetivo: Determinar la morbi-mortalidad de los pacientes con enfermedad carotídea tratados por medio de stent en el Hospital San Juan de Dios, Costa Rica; de Enero 2007 a Febrero 2010. Métodos: Se realizó un registro retrospectivo observacional de los pacientes con Enfermedad Carotí [...] dea durante 13 meses en nuestro instituto. Basado en la información obtenida de los expedientes clínicos, dos subgrupos fueron identificados: pacientes sintomáticos y asintomáticos. Los factores de riesgo, escala ABCD2, territorio cerebral afectado, medidas de severidad de lesión no-invasiva e invasivas, tamaño de stents y finalmente complicaciones peri-operatorias, fueron investigadas y evaluadas. Resultados: 76 pacientes fueron identificados en nuestra serie, 87% (n=66/76) sintomáticos y 13% (n=10/76) asintomáticos. La Hipertensión Arterial fue el factor de riesgo más frecuente, seguido por el tabaquismo. Se evidenció una sub-estimación de la severidad de la lesión en los ultrasonidos diagnósticos en 24% (n=18/76) de los pacientes. Durante el procedimiento, se documentó predilatación de la lesión en 55% (n=42/76) de los pacientes y los stents más frecuentemente utilizados fueron de 7x30mm y 8x30mm representando un 47% (n=36/76) de los casos. La morbilidad neurológica de los pacientes asintomáticos fue del 0% y en el subgrupo de pacientes sintomáticos fue del 3% (2/66). Conclusión: La terapia endovascular demostró ser una técnica segura y efectiva para la revascularización carotídea. Series más numerosas de pacientes deberían ser investigadas para adquirir mayor significancia estadística. Abstract in english Background and aim: To determine the morbi-mortality of patients treated with endovascular stenting for Carotid Artery disease at San Juan de Dios Hospital, Costa Rica; from January 2007 to February 2010. Methods: A retrospective observational registry of patients treated with Carotid Artery endovas [...] cular stenting was maintained at our institution over 13 months. Based on the information acquired from medical records, two subgroups were identified: symptomatic and asymptomatic. Some aspects were researched and evaluated such as risk factors, ABCD scale, affected cerebral territory, invasive and non-invasive lesion measurements, stent sizing and finally peri-operatory complications. Results: 76 patients were identified in this series, 87% (n=66/76) symptomatic and 13% (n=10/76) asymptomatic. The most frequent risk factor was hypertension, followed by smoking. Underestimation by ultrasound of lesion severity was found in up to 24% (n=18/76) of patients. Predilatation was done in 55% (n=42/76) and most frequent stent sizes identified were 7x30mm or 8x30mm in 47% (n=36/76) of patients. Neurologic morbidity of asymtomatic patients was 0%, and in the symptomatic group was a 3% (2/66) Conclusion: Endovascular therapy demonstrated to be a safe and effective as a revascularization technique; however larger patient series should be investigated for grater statistical significance.

Christian, Fonseca-Bolaños; Miguel, Montero-Baker; Johana, Vásquez-Céspedes; Róger, Jiménez-Juárez; Luis, Morelli-Guillen.

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Endovascular treatment of hemoptysis: influence of the type of pathology on the post embolization prognosis; Tratamiento endovascular de la hemoptisis: influencia del tipo de patologia en el pronostico postembolizacion  

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To describe the course of patients with hemoptysis following embolization of the arteries involved, assessing the incidence of re bleeding in patients grouped according to type of pathology. Over the past five years, we have carried out 77 embolization in bronchial and other systemic arteries in 64 patients (46 men and 18 women) ranging in age from 18 to 83 years (mean: 54{+-}15 years). The underlying diseases were active tuberculosis (n=11), latent tuberculosis (n=15), bronchiectasis (n=14), aspergilloma (n=3), pulmonary neoplasm (n=10), lung abscess (n=10) and miscellaneous conditions (n=10). Rebleeding occurred in 25 patients (32%). Of these, 13 had to undergo repeat embolization, 7 were treated surgically and 3 died during the recurrence of hemoptysis. In two cases, no diseased arteries could be found and embolization was not performed. The overall hemostatic efficacy was 86% after 7 days, 78% after one month and 61% after one year. In the patients with tuberculosis, the rates were 96% at one week and 91% at one month and one year, while among the remaining groups (with neoplasm, abscess, etc.), the incidences were 80% at day 7,70% at one month and 42% at one year. According to our experience, rebleeding occurs most frequently among patients with diseases other than tuberculosis. In these cases, follow-up should be closer and other therapeutic alternatives (surgery, radiotherapy, endobronchial laser) should be considered as a complement to percutaneous endovascular treatment. (Author) 22 refs.

Garcia, J.; Fernandez, M.; Fernandez, A.; Duran, D.; Dominguez, L.; Boullosa, E. [Hospital Xeral de Vigo (Spain)

2000-07-01

203

Endovascular repair of aortic aneurysm: Preliminary results  

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Introduction. Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been introduced into clinical practice at the beginning of the 90's of the last century. Because of economic, political and social problems during the last 25 years, the introduction of this procedure in Serbia was not possible. Objective. The aim of this study was to present preliminary experiences and results of the Clinic for Vascular Surgery of the Serbian Clinical Centre in Belgrade in endovascular treatment of thoracic and abdominal ...

2009-01-01

204

Endovascular repair of a presumed aortoduodenal fistula.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report describes the use of transluminal endovascular grafting for the treatment of a presumed aortoduodenal fistula. The patient was a 71-year-old man who had undergone resection and graft replacement for an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Three years after operation, melena was caused by perforation of the duodenal wall by a pseudoaneurysm at the proximal graft anastomosis. The pseudoaneurysm was treated by transluminal endovascular grafting. The pseudoaneurysm was subsequently thrombosed and absorbed. The ulcer-like lesions at the site of the duodenal wall perforated by the pseudoaneurysm also resolved. Endovascular stent-grafts may have a role to play in management of aortoduodenal fistula. PMID:16401996

Suzuki, Shinichi; Imoto, Kiyotaka; Uchida, Keiji; Hashiyama, Naoki; Takanashi, Yoshinori

2005-12-01

205

Endovascular stent grafting: a review  

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Endovascular stent grafts are intravascular devices composed of surgical graft material and a metallic frame, (Fig. 1). Their main application has been to treat aneurysms, but they have been used in vascular trauma and are being investigated for use in occlusive disease. Their advantage in treating aneurysms over conventional surgical treatment is that they are loaded into relatively small delivery systems (Fig. 2) and can be introduced to the area of interest from a remote site - usually the femoral artery. This avoids the morbidity of surgical exposure in difficult sites, such as the thoracic aorta, and lessens the cardiovascular stress to patients by eliminating the need to surgically cross-clamp the vessel being treated. The first description of abdominal aortic aneurysm exclusion by an endovascular stent graft was provided by Parodi and colleagues in 1991. Much of the early clinical experience in endovascular stent grafting was obtained from centres in Australia and Europe, and they are now reporting midterm follow-up data. There are now many centres in Canada and the United States involved in endovascular research and practice. (author)

Kribs, S. [Univ. of Western Ontario, Dept. of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, London, Ontario (Canada)

2001-06-01

206

Non-invasiv, Multi Detector Row (MDR) based Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis of hemodynamics in infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) before and after endovascular repair; Blutflusssimulation mittels Computational-Fluid-Dynamics an aus CT-Daten rekonstruierten Aortenaneurysmata vor und nach Stent-Graft Implantation  

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Purpose: Simulation, description and analysis of dynamic pressure in infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) before and after endovascular repair. Materials and Methods: During March 1996 and May 2001, 13 patients with AAA underwent endovascular treatment. The MDR-CT scans of these patients were used for the non-invasive analysis of the hemodynamics in the aorta with CFD software before and after endovascular repair. One pre-interventional and three post-interventional CT scans were analyzed for each patient. Results: Compared to the pre-interventional simulation, endovascular treatment led to an average dynamic pressure decrease of 1057 Pa in 10 of 13 patients. During the subsequent course, the median of the dynamic pressure decreased in 8 of 13 patients. Vulnerable regions initially identified as high-pressure regions, like the docking area or the second stent limb, adapted to the pressure in the surrounding tissue in the course of time. (orig.) [German] Ziel: Simulation, Beschreibung und Entwicklung dynamischer Druckverhaeltnisse auf die Aorten- bzw. Stentgraftwand im zeitlichen Verlauf vor und nach stentgestuetzter Ausschaltung infrarenaler Bauchaortenaneurysmata. Patienten und Methode: Zwischen Maerz 1996 und Mai 2001 wurden 13 Patienten mit einem infrarenalen Bauchaortenaneurysma einer transfemoralen Stent-Graft-Implantation unterzogen. Basierend auf Multi Detector Row (MDR) -CT Datensaetzen dieser 13 Patienten wurde mithilfe einer ''Computational Fluid Dynamics'' (CFD) Software eine Blutflusssimulation der abdominellen Aorta vor und nach Stentimplantation durchgefuehrt. Von jedem Patienten wurden Simulationen von einer prae- und drei postoperativen Follow-up CT-Serien erstellt. Ergebnisse: Die Stentimplantation fuehrte bei 10/13 Patienten zu einer Senkung des dynamischen Spitzendrucks um durchschnittlich 1057 Pa von der prae- zur postoperativen Untersuchung. Im weiteren Verlauf sank auch der Median des dynamischen Druckes bei 8/13 Patienten. Regionen mit erhoehten Druckwerten (sog. vulnerable Regionen), wie beispielsweise die des angedockten Stentschenkels, glichen sich im Verlauf der Zeit den Umgebungsdruecken an. (orig.)

Juchems, M.S.; Pless, D.; Fleiter, T.R.; Gabelmann, A.; Brambs, H.J.; Aschpoff, A J. [Ulm Univ. (Germany). Abt. fuer diagnostische Radiologie; Liewald, F. [Ulm Univ. (Germany). Abt. fuer Thorax-und Gefaesschirurgie

2004-01-01

207

Detection of Broken Sutures and Metal-Ring Fractures in AneuRx Stent-Grafts by Using Three-dimensional CT Angiography after Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair: Association with Late Endoleak Development and Device Migration.  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose To determine the prevalence of demonstrable stent-graft degradation by using three-dimensional computed tomographic (CT) angiography to assess endoleak and stent-graft migration after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). Materials and Methods The institutional review board approved this retrospective study. Sixty-two consecutive patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm treated with the AneuRx stent-graft (Medtronic, Santa Rosa, Calif) were assessed between 0.5 and 9.5 years after EVAR (median, 5.1 years) for the presence of broken attachment sutures and metal-ring fractures by using CT angiography. The relative risk (RR) of delayed endoleak formation and endograft migration was calculated relative to the presence of suture breaks and metal-ring fractures. A two-tailed Fisher exact test was used to assess significant differences. Results Suture breaks were observed in 55 of 62 subjects (89%), including 37 minor breaks (60%) and 18 major breaks (29%). Metal-ring fractures were observed in 11 of 62 subjects (18%). Twenty-seven endoleaks were observed in 24 of 62 subjects (39%) and were categorized as type I in seven of 27 (11%), type II in 16 of 27 (26%), and type III in four of 27 (6%). Major suture breaks were associated with six of seven (86%) delayed type I endoleaks (RR = 19.4, P = .003), and metal-ring fractures were associated with four of seven (57%) delayed type I endoleaks (RR = 6.2, P = .015) and three of four (75%) type III endoleaks (RR = 13.9, P = 003). Migration was observed in 15 of 62 patients (24%) and was associated with major suture breaks in 10 of 15 patients (67%, RR = 4.5, P = .001) and with metal-ring fractures in five of 11 patients (45%, RR = 4.1, P = .003). Repeat interventions were performed in 15 patients. Conclusion Major suture breaks and metal-ring fractures are demonstrated with CT and are associated with delayed type I and III endoleaks and with stent-graft migration after EVAR. © RSNA, 2014. PMID:24654971

Ueda, Takuya; Takaoka, Hiroyuki; Petrovitch, Ivan; Rubin, Geoffrey D

2014-07-01

208

Curativos para tratamento de feridas operatórias abdominais: uma revisão sistemática Los apósitos para el tratamiento quirúrgico de las heridas abdominales: una revisión sistemática Dressings for the treatment of abdominal surgical wounds: a systematic review  

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Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar o curativo prevalente para o tratamento das feridas operatórias abdominais com complicações, visando buscar evidências que possam subsidiar o desenvolvimento de um protocolo institucional para o tratamento das mesmas. Metodologia: desenvolveu-se uma Revisão Sistemática, que teve como pergunta norteadora "Qual é o curativo prevalente no tratamento dos pacientes com complicações de feridas operatórias (FOs abdominais?" Foram utilizados MeSH para buscar o maior número de estudos possíveis em sete base de dados eletrônicas. Resultados: a busca nas bases de dados resultou em 6.107 artigos que, após serem submetidos aos testes de relevância, resultaram em 33 estudos que compuseram a amostra. O curativo a VAC foi o mais indicado para tratar FOs abdominais que tiveram complicações. Conclusão: sugerem-se novas pesquisas para que se possa avaliar a efetividade e viabilidade da terapia VAC na nossa realidade.El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar los curativos prevalentes en el tratamiento de heridas quirúrgicas abdominales con complicaciones, con la finalidad de obtener evidencias que puedan subsidiar el desarrollo de protocolo institucional para tratamiento de las mismas. Metodología: una Revisión Sistemática que tuvo como pregunta orientadora ¿Cuál es el curativo prevalente en el tratamiento de los pacientes con complicaciones de heridas operatorias abdominales? Fueron utilizados MeSH para buscar el mayor número de estudios posibles, en siete bases de datos electrónicas. Resultados: La búsqueda en las bases de datos resultó en 6107 artículos, después se realizaron los Test de Relevancia resultando la muestra final de 33 estudios. El uso del curativo VAC es curativo más indicado para tratar FOs abdominales que tuvieron complicaciones. Conclusión: Se sugieren nuevas investigaciones, para que se pueda evaluar la efectividad y viabilidad de la terapia VAC en nuestra realidad.The aim of this study was to identify the dressings used to treat abdominal surgical wounds with complications, in order to look for evidence that supports the development of an institutional protocol for handling these wounds. Methodology: a Systematic Review was developed, which had as a guiding question: What is the prevalent dressing in the treatment of patients with complications in abdominal surgical wounds? The MeSH database was used to search for the largest possible number of studies in seven electronic databases. Results: The search in the databases resulted in 6,107 articles, after being tested for relevance, the result was 33 studies that comprised the sample. The use of the VAC dressing was the best suited to treat abdominal surgical wounds with complications. Conclusion: Further research is suggested, so that the effectiveness and feasibility of VAC therapy in our reality can be assessed.

Carolina Giordani Silva

2012-09-01

209

Endovascular Management of Acute Bleeding Arterioenteric Fistulas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The objective of this study was to review the outcome of endovascular transcatheter repair of emergent arterioenteric fistulas. Cases of abdominal arterioenteric fistulas (defined as a fistula between a major artery and the small intestine or colon, thus not the esophagus or stomach), diagnosed over the 3-year period between December 2002 and December 2005 at our institution, were retrospectively reviewed. Five patients with severe enteric bleeding underwent angiography and endovascular repair. Four presented primary arterioenteric fistulas, and one presented a secondary aortoenteric fistula. All had massive persistent bleeding with hypotension despite volume substitution and transfusion by the time of endovascular management. Outcome after treatment of these patients was investigated for major procedure-related complications, recurrence, reintervention, morbidity, and mortality. Mean follow-up time was 3 months (range, 1-6 months). All massive bleeding was controlled by occlusive balloon catheters. Four fistulas were successfully sealed with stent-grafts, resulting in a technical success rate of 80%. One patient was circulatory stabilized by endovascular management but needed immediate further open surgery. There were no procedure-related major complications. Mean hospital stay after the initial endovascular intervention was 19 days. Rebleeding occurred in four patients (80%) after a free interval of 2 weeks or longer. During the follow-up period three patients needed reintervention. The in-hospital mortality was 20% and the 30-day mortality was 40%. The midterm outcome was poor, due to comorbidities or rebleeding, with a mortality of 80% within 6 months. In conclusion, endovascular repair is an efficient and safe method to stabilize patients with life-threatening bleeding arterioenteric fistulas in the emergent episode. However, in this group of patients with severe comorbidities, the risk of rebleeding is high and further intervention must be considered. Patients with cancer may only need treatment for the acute bleeding episode, and an endovascular approach has the advantage of low morbidity

2008-05-01

210

Intestinal infarction: A complication of endovascular therapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report presents a rare case of intestinal infarction following endovascular therapy. A female patient who had undergone an internal carotid artery stenting procedure presented suddenly with abdominal pain. Radiological and clinical examinations at the time suggested a picture of intestinal ischaemia, in view of the patient's general conditions and co-existing morbidities surgical intervention was not considered to be an option. The patient died 4 days after the carotid stenting procedure, post-mortem examination revealed infarction of the ileum and caecum. The learning outcomes are if performing endovascular therapy in a patient with diffuse atherosclerotic disease early consideration of intestinal ischaemia should be given to any patient who presents with acute post-procedural abdominal pain

2007-08-01

211

Endovascular Stent-Graft Repair as a Late Secondary Procedure After Previous Aortic Grafts  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Thoracic and abdominal aortic endovascular procedures as alternatives to aortic reoperations were studied in three different cases. An anastomotic aneurysm after previous thoracic aortic graft for coarctation, a second-stage elephant trunk repair (descending thoracic aortic aneurysm), and a secondary aneurysm proximal to a previous abdominal aortic graft were successfully treated with endovascular stent-grafts. During the follow-up period no lethal events or major aortic or graft-related complications were observed, except a type II endoleak in the anastomotic aortic aneurysm case. An endovascular stent-graft can be safely deployed into a previously implanted vascular graft, avoiding repeat surgery

2006-08-01

212

Endovascular repair of aortic aneurysm: Preliminary results  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR has been introduced into clinical practice at the beginning of the 90's of the last century. Because of economic, political and social problems during the last 25 years, the introduction of this procedure in Serbia was not possible. Objective. The aim of this study was to present preliminary experiences and results of the Clinic for Vascular Surgery of the Serbian Clinical Centre in Belgrade in endovascular treatment of thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms. Methods. The procedure was performed in 33 patients (3 female and 30 male, aged from 42 to 83 years. Ten patients had a descending thoracic aorta aneurysm (three atherosclerotic, four traumatic - three chronic and one acute as a part of polytrauma, one dissected, two penetrated atherosclerotic ulcers, while 23 patients had the abdominal aortic aneurysm, one ruptured and two isolated iliac artery aneurysms. The indications for EVAR were isthmic aneurismal localisation, aged over 80 years and associated comorbidity (cardiac, pulmonary and cerebrovasular diseases, previous thoracotomy or multiple laparotomies associated with abdominal infection, idiopatic thrombocitopaenia. All of these patients had three or more risk factors. The diagnosis was established using duplex ultrasonography, angiography and MSCT. In the case of thoracic aneurysm, a Medtronic-Valiant® endovascular stent graft was implanted, while for the abdominal aortic aneurysm Medtronic-Talent® endovascular stent grafts with delivery systems were used. In three patients, following EVAR a surgical repair of the femoral artery aneurysm was performed, and in another three patients femoro-femoral cross over bypass followed implantation of aortouniiliac stent graft. Results. During procedure and follow-up period (mean 1.6 years, there were: one death, one conversion, one endoleak type 1, six patients with endoleak type 2 that disappeared during the follow-up period, one early graft thrombosis. No other complications, including aneurysm expansion, collapse, deformity and migration of the endovascular stent grafts, were registered. Conclusion. According to all medical and economic aspects, we recommend EVAR to treat acute traumatic thoracic aortic aneurysm, as well as in elderly and high-risk patients with abdominal or thoracic aneurysms, when open surgery is related to a significantly higher mortality and morbidity.

Davidovi? Lazar

2009-01-01

213

Exclusión percutánea de seudoaneurisma aórtico abdominal traumático desde acceso braquial / Percutaneous exclusion of traumatic abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm from a brachial approach  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El seudoaneurisma aórtico abdominal (SAA) es una lesión infrecuente, se describe a la injuria traumática aórtica, como una de sus principales causas, tanto su ruptura como el tratamiento quirúrgico tienen alta morbimortalidad. Por ello, el tratamiento endovascular mediante embolización química o exc [...] lusión con dispositivos, ha surgido como tratamiento alternativo. Sin embargo, existen riesgos como la oclusión de vasos viscerales cercanos al cuello del defecto, embolización del material o ruptura aórtica. Por lo tanto, la elección del material y vía de abordaje, debe ser planeada cuidadosamente en cada caso. Comunicamos un paciente, a quien 10 años después de una herida abdominal por arma de fuego, se le diagnosticó un SAA de 17 x 13 cm, con cuello corto, originado cercanamente al ostium del tronco celíaco, formando un ángulo agudo con el eje aórtico. Realizamos la exclusión del mismo, con un dispositivo diseñado para el cierre de comunicación interauricular (CIA), utilizando el acceso braquial izquierdo, debido a la angulación del cuello del defecto. No hubo complicaciones, a las 72 horas se otorgó alta hospitalaria. El control tomográfico al mes, mostró el falso aneurisma de igual tamaño y sin flujo residual. A los cinco meses de seguimiento, la paciente permanece asintomática. Abstract in english Abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm (AAP) is a rare lesion, although traumatic aortic injury is described as one of the main causes; both the rupture as the surgical treatment of the defect has high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, endovascular treatment either by chemical embolization or exclusion o [...] f defect with devices has emerged as an alternative treatment. However, there are risks such as occlusion of visceral vessels near the neck of the defect, embolization material or aortic rupture. Therefore, the choice of material and method of approach should be planned carefully in each case. We report a patient who ten years after abdominal wound frearm was diagnosed with AAP 17x13 cm, with short neck originated close to the ostium of the celiac trunk at an acute angle with the aortic axis. We perform the exclusion of the defect with a device designed for closing atrial septal defect from the left brachial access due to the angulation of the neck defect. There were no complications. At 72 hours was granted discharge. A month later, CT scan control showed the false aneurysm of equal size and no residual flow. The monitoring to date is five months and the patient remained asymptomatic.

Ricardo, Gamboa; Raúl E, Ríos-Méndez; Raúl, Solernó; Federico, Giachello; Ángeles, Videla-Lynch; Ricardo A, Sarmiento.

214

Curativos para tratamento de feridas operatórias abdominais: uma revisão sistemática / Los apósitos para el tratamiento quirúrgico de las heridas abdominales: una revisión sistemática / Dressings for the treatment of abdominal surgical wounds: a systematic review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar o curativo prevalente para o tratamento das feridas operatórias abdominais com complicações, visando buscar evidências que possam subsidiar o desenvolvimento de um protocolo institucional para o tratamento das mesmas. Metodologia: desenvolveu-se uma Revisão Si [...] stemática, que teve como pergunta norteadora "Qual é o curativo prevalente no tratamento dos pacientes com complicações de feridas operatórias (FOs) abdominais?" Foram utilizados MeSH para buscar o maior número de estudos possíveis em sete base de dados eletrônicas. Resultados: a busca nas bases de dados resultou em 6.107 artigos que, após serem submetidos aos testes de relevância, resultaram em 33 estudos que compuseram a amostra. O curativo a VAC foi o mais indicado para tratar FOs abdominais que tiveram complicações. Conclusão: sugerem-se novas pesquisas para que se possa avaliar a efetividade e viabilidade da terapia VAC na nossa realidade. Abstract in spanish El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar los curativos prevalentes en el tratamiento de heridas quirúrgicas abdominales con complicaciones, con la finalidad de obtener evidencias que puedan subsidiar el desarrollo de protocolo institucional para tratamiento de las mismas. Metodología: una Revisió [...] n Sistemática que tuvo como pregunta orientadora ¿Cuál es el curativo prevalente en el tratamiento de los pacientes con complicaciones de heridas operatorias abdominales? Fueron utilizados MeSH para buscar el mayor número de estudios posibles, en siete bases de datos electrónicas. Resultados: La búsqueda en las bases de datos resultó en 6107 artículos, después se realizaron los Test de Relevancia resultando la muestra final de 33 estudios. El uso del curativo VAC es curativo más indicado para tratar FOs abdominales que tuvieron complicaciones. Conclusión: Se sugieren nuevas investigaciones, para que se pueda evaluar la efectividad y viabilidad de la terapia VAC en nuestra realidad. Abstract in english The aim of this study was to identify the dressings used to treat abdominal surgical wounds with complications, in order to look for evidence that supports the development of an institutional protocol for handling these wounds. Methodology: a Systematic Review was developed, which had as a guiding q [...] uestion: What is the prevalent dressing in the treatment of patients with complications in abdominal surgical wounds? The MeSH database was used to search for the largest possible number of studies in seven electronic databases. Results: The search in the databases resulted in 6,107 articles, after being tested for relevance, the result was 33 studies that comprised the sample. The use of the VAC dressing was the best suited to treat abdominal surgical wounds with complications. Conclusion: Further research is suggested, so that the effectiveness and feasibility of VAC therapy in our reality can be assessed.

Silva, Carolina Giordani; Crossetti, Maria da Graça Oliveira.

215

Bilateral paramedian thalamic and mesencephalic infarcts after basilar tip aneurysm coiling: role of the artery of Percheron / Infarto talámico paramedial bilateral y mesencefálico después del tratamiento endovascular de un aneurisma de la punta de la arteria basilar: rol de la arteria de Percheron  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish La técnica endovascular para el manejo de aneurismas está ganando auge como una alternativa a la cirugía abierta. Sin embargo, se han descrito diferentes complicaciones tromboembólicas relacionadas con esta modalidad. El flujo sanguíneo al tálamo y al mesencéfalo puede surgir de variaciones anatómic [...] as complejas. La variación infrecuente: "arteria de Percheron", es una rama arterial solitaria que se origina del segmento proximal de una de la arterias cerebrales posteriores. Presentamos un paciente que tuvo un procedimiento endovascular electivo para el tratamiento de un aneurisma de la punta de la arteria basilar; 12 horas después del procedimiento, el paciente estaba clínicamente en coma profundo. La resonancia magnética (RM) cerebral mostró infartos talámicos paramediales bilaterales y mesencefálicos, compatible con la oclusión de la arteria de Percheron. Los eventos tromboembólicos relacionados con el uso de embolización con coil y stents es una rara pero catastrófica secuela. El uso de agentes antiplaquetarios se debe de recomendar en este tipo de situaciones. Cuando existen infartos talámicos paramediales bilaterales y mesencefálicos, la oclusión de la arteria de Percheron se debe de tener en mente. La angiografía puede no ser de mucha utilidad y la falta de visualización de la arteria no excluye su presencia. En este caso los hallazgos en la RM cerebral confirman la presencia de un infarto basado en la distribución anatómica de la arteria de Percheron. Abstract in english Aneurysm embolization using Guglielmi detachable coils (GDC) is gaining acceptance as a viable alternative for surgery in the treatment of aneurysms. Recent reports describe a significant rate of thromboembolic complications. Thalamic and midbrain blood supply can arise from complex anatomical varia [...] tions. The rare variation: "artery of Percheron", is a solitary arterial trunk arising from one of the proximal segments of a posterior cerebral artery and supplies the paramedian thalami and rostral midbrain bilaterally. We describe a patient that underwent elective endovascular treatment for a basilar tip aneurysm using GDC and stents in each PCA; 12 hours later patient was comatose and not following commands. Sequential magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of brain showed bilateral paramedian thalamic and mesencephalic infarcts presumably secondary to artery of Percheron occlusion. Thromboembolic event related to the use of the GDC embolization and stents is a rare clinical sequelae, but catastrophic. The use of antiplatelets agents should be reinforced in the scenario. When bilateral medial thalamic and midbrain infarcts are found, occlusion of the artery of Percheron should be considered. Angiography may not b helpful and lack of visualization of the artery does not exclude its presence. In this case the MRI findings confirmed the presence of the infarction based on the anatomical distribution.

Rangel-Castilla, L.; Gasco, J.; Thompson, B.; Salinas, P..

216

Tratamiento de la obesidad: necesidad de centrar la atención en los pacientes de alto riesgo caracterizados por la obesidad abdominal Treatment of obesity: the need to target attention on high-risk patients characterized by abdominal obesity  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La obesidad visceral se asocia a anormalidades metabólicas aumentando el riesgo de diabetes de tipo 2 y de coronariopatía (CP. El Estudio Cardiovascular de Québec demostró que la tríada metabólica aterogénica (TMA presente en hombres visceralmente obesos (VO, incrementa 20 veces el riesgo de CP durante un período de 5 años. Fue desarrollado un algoritmo de detección precoz a fin de identificar individuos que podrían ser portadores de estas anormalidades aterogénicas. Fue descubierto que la presencia simultánea de una circunferencia de la cintura elevada y una hipertrigliceridemia moderada ("cintura hipertrigliceridémica" - CH podrían identificar adecuadamente a una proporción significativa de portadores de la TMA. Es importante dejar claro, que incluso en ausencia de los clásicos factores de riesgo los pacientes VO pueden tener un riesgo elevado de CP si presentan la CH. Finalmente, se ha sugerido que el riesgo de desarrollar un síndrome coronario agudo en pacientes VO no está siempre relacionado al grado de estenosis coronaria y debería considerarse el perfil aterotrombótico/inflamatorio del paciente en la valoración del riesgo. La estabilización de la placa aterosclerótica se convertiría en un objetivo terapéutico legítimo y más factible para la prevención de la CP en los pacientes VO.Abdominal obesity is associated with metabolic abnormalities, increasing the risk of type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD. The Quebec Cardiovascular Survey demonstrated that the atherogenic metabolic triad (AMT present in abdominally obese (AO males increases the risk of CAD 20-fold over the course of 5 years. An early detection algorithm was developed to identify individuals presenting these atherogenic abnormalities. It was found that the association of large waist circumference (WC and moderate hypertriglyceridemia (the "hypertriglyceridemic waist", or HW could adequately identify a significant portion of individuals with the AMT. It is important to note that even in the absence of classic risk factors, abdominally obese patients can present increased risk of CAD if they have HW. Finally, it has been suggested that the risk of developing an acute coronary syndrome in AO patients is not always related to the degree of coronary stenosis, and the patient’s atherothrombotic/inflammatory profile should be taken into account in evaluating risk. Stabilization of the atherosclerotic plaque would become a legitimate therapeutic objective, and more feasible for prevention of CAD, in AO patients.

Carla Scarsella

2003-01-01

217

Abdominal splenosis Esplenosis abdominal  

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Splenosis is a benign condition caused by an ectopic autotransplantation of splenic tissues after splenic trauma or surgery. It usually occurs within the abdominal and pelvic cavity. Patients are generally asymptomatic and this entity is diagnosed accidentally. However, occasionally extensive abdominal splenosis poses a significant diagnostic dilemma for gastroenterologists, especially when this condition manifests as a disseminated metastatic malignant disease on abdominal imaging. This pape...

2011-01-01

218

IMPACTO DEL TRATAMIENTO NUTRICIONAL EN PACIENTES TRIBUTARIOS DE CIRUGIA TORACO ABDOMINAL: INFORME PRELIMINAR / The impact from the suitable nutritional treatment to the undernourished surgical patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En el estrés quirúrgico, las necesidades de nutrimentos básicos se incrementan, por lo que en un paciente con desnutrición energético nutrimental, aumentan las complicaciones como la sepsis, el retraso en la cicatrización de las heridas, la dehiscencia en las suturas, y otras, lo que empeora el pron [...] óstico.2, 3 Objetivos: Evaluar el impacto del tratamiento nutricional indicado a los pacientes quirúrgicos desnutridos, valorar las complicaciones y la estadía hospitalaria en los pacientes del grupo estudio y control. Método: Se estudiaron 50 pacientes ingresados en las salas de Cirugía del Hospital Universitario "General Calixto García", en dos grupos: casos y controles. Se realizó tratamiento nutricionalperioperatorio a los pacientes desnutridos del grupo de estudio y a los del grupo control se les dejó con el tratamiento tradicional. Se obtuvo estadística descriptiva de todas las variables cuantitativas. Se aplicó test de chi cuadrado para determinar asociación entre variables y se compararon las medidas antropométricas antes y después del apoyo nutricional, mediante el estadígrafo de la prueba t de Student. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los pacientes del grupo de casos mejoraron significativamente su estado nutricional preoperatorio y tuvieron menos complicaciones que los pacientes del grupo control. Es de gran importancia que se mejore el estado nutricional de los pacientes que van a ser intervenidos quirúrgicamente, para reducir las complicaciones y alcanzar una más rápida recuperación en los pacientes quirúrgicos. Abstract in english In the surgical stress the necessities of basic nutriments are increased. In a patient with malnutrition energy nutrimental, they increase the complications like the sepsis, the delay in the scaring of the wounds, the dehiscencia in the sutures, and other, what worsens the presage. Objectives: To ev [...] aluate the impact from the suitable nutritional treatment to the undernourished surgical patients, to value the complications and the hospital demurrage in the patients of the group study and control. Method: 50 patients were studied entered in the rooms of Surgery of the General University" Hospital Calixto García", in two groups: cases and controls. Was carried out treatment nutritional perioperatorio to the undernourished patients of the study group and those of the group control they were left with the traditional treatment. Descriptive statistic of all the quantitative variables was obtained. Test of square chi was applied to determine association among variables and the measures antropométricas were compared before and after the nutritional support by means of the statistician of the test t of Student. Summations: The most of patients of the group of cases improved their preoperative nutritional state significantly and they had less complications that the patients of the group control. It is of great importance that improves the nutritional state of the patients that will be intervened surgically, to reduce the complications and a quicker recovery is reached in the surgical patients.

Miriam, Bolet Astoviza; Martha Esther, Larrea; Fidel, Cahcart Roca.

219

A look into the endovascular crystal ball  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

This paper summarizes the highlights of the 15th International Workshop of Endovascular Surgery, held in Ajaccio in June 2008. This is an annual event that attracts leading endovascular therapists from both sides of the Atlantic Ocean as well as a contingency from down-under. The layout of this meeting followed the previous events with sessions on carotid artery disease and abdominal and thoracic aortic aneurysms topped up with clinical cases, lower limb ischemia and venous disease. Generally the session takes off by summarising new evidence, followed by questions and discussion. This workshops gives the participants an excellent opportunity to get an updated perspective within these fast developing areas Udgivelsesdato: 2009/4

Schroeder, Torben Veith

2009-01-01

220

Percutaneous endovascular reconstruction with endovascular placement for isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous endovascular reconstruction with endovascular stent placement for isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery. Methods: Five patients with isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery were enrolled in this study. The diagnosis was confirmed by abdominal computed tomography angiography (CTA) and percutaneous transcatheter digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in all the five patients. One asymptomatic case was discovered by medical examination, which was classified to type ? (Sakamoto angiographic categorization). The other four cases were admitted to hospital with acute abdominal pain and diarrhea, which were classified to type ? (1 case) and type ? (3 cases). Fasting together with antiplatelet and anticoagulation therapy was initially employed. Then, percutaneous endovascular reconstruction with stenting was carried out and the patients were kept on antiplatelet therapy. Follow-up checkups with CTA or DSA were conducted at 1, 3 and 6 months after the treatment. Results: Technical success was achieved in all five patients without any complications. Combination of the coil embolization and endovascular stent placement were preformed in 2 cases. The other 3 cases were successfully treated with simple double-stent placement. The clinical symptoms in the four symptomatic patients disappeared within 3 weeks. Follow-up CTA or DSA was adopted in 5 patients. Repeated angiography performed at 3 months after the procedure showed that complete resolution of the dissection and successful restoration of the true lumen with sufficient distal flow of the SMA were obtained in five patients. Conclusion: Percutaneous endovascular reconstruction with stent placement is a feasible and effective treatment for isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery. (authors)

2011-12-01

 
 
 
 
221

Tuberculosis abdominal / Abdominal tuberculosis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La tuberculosis abdominal cursa con un cuadro inespecífico, con difícil diagnóstico diferencial respecto a otras entidades de similar semiología. Presentamos el caso de un varón que ingresa por presentar dolor abdominal, pérdida progresiva y notoria de peso corporal y fiebre de dos meses de evolució [...] n. El cultivo de la biopsia de colon mostró presencia de bacilo de Koch. Abstract in english Abdominal tuberculosis develops according to a non-specific clinical picture, with a difficult differential diagnosis with respect to other entities of similar semiology. We present the case of a male who was admitted because of abdominal pain, progressive and notable loss of body weight and a fever [...] of two months evolution. The culture from the colon biopsy showed the presence of Koch bacilli.

T., Rubio; M. T., Gaztelu; A., Calvo; M., Repiso; H., Sarasíbar; F., Jiménez Bermejo; A., Martínez Echeverría.

222

Tuberculosis abdominal Abdominal tuberculosis  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La tuberculosis abdominal cursa con un cuadro inespecífico, con difícil diagnóstico diferencial respecto a otras entidades de similar semiología. Presentamos el caso de un varón que ingresa por presentar dolor abdominal, pérdida progresiva y notoria de peso corporal y fiebre de dos meses de evolución. El cultivo de la biopsia de colon mostró presencia de bacilo de Koch.Abdominal tuberculosis develops according to a non-specific clinical picture, with a difficult differential diagnosis with respect to other entities of similar semiology. We present the case of a male who was admitted because of abdominal pain, progressive and notable loss of body weight and a fever of two months evolution. The culture from the colon biopsy showed the presence of Koch bacilli.

T. Rubio

2005-08-01

223

Abdominal splenosis / Esplenosis abdominal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english Splenosis is a benign condition caused by an ectopic autotransplantation of splenic tissues after splenic trauma or surgery. It usually occurs within the abdominal and pelvic cavity. Patients are generally asymptomatic and this entity is diagnosed accidentally. However, occasionally extensive abdomi [...] nal splenosis poses a significant diagnostic dilemma for gastroenterologists, especially when this condition manifests as a disseminated metastatic malignant disease on abdominal imaging. This paper presents a concise review of the literature on this often misleading disorder. The crucial role of taking a thorough patient's medical history concerning splenic trauma in the past, the need for differential diagnosis of tumor-like lesions disclosed on abdominal imaging and novel diagnostics modalities that allow avoiding unnecessary laparotomy in case of abdominal splenosis are stressed. The increased prevalence of abdominal trauma due to road accidents and the growing armamentarium of available imaging modalities suggest that abdominal splenosis may be expected more often than ever. In order to prevent any possible diagnostic doubts and unnecessary future invasive examinations, confirmed splenosis should be recorded in the medical documentation of the patient.

Dorota, Ksiadzyna; Amado Salvador, Peña.

224

Local endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms. From operating theater to lab bench.  

Science.gov (United States)

Current treatment of aortic abdominal aneurysms by conventional surgery or endoprosthesis is flawed by high post-operative mortality and unpredictable durability of haemodynamic exclusion, respectively. We have developed endovascular approaches with cell and gene transfer, aimed at controlling further diameter expansion in an animal model of already-developed aneurysms in rats. Preliminary results suggest that both cell and gene endovascular therapy can be used to control expansion of aneurysms generated by inflammation and proteolytic destruction of the aortic wall. PMID:15521483

Allaire, E; Dai, J; Schneider, F; Jousset, Y; Losy, F; Van Laere, O; Pagès, C; Smedile, G; Guinault, A M; Ginat, M; Desgranges, P; Loisance, D; Becquemin, J P

2004-09-01

225

The current endovascular therapeutic spectrum for short neck and juxtarenal aneurysms.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular treatment of short neck infrarenal and juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is feasible. Many different techniques have been used, including standard stent-grafts with or without adjuncts as endoanchors or chimney grafts, fenestrated stent-grafts or even newer concepts like the multilayer flow modulating stent. The purpose of this article was to describe the techniques, the indications and results of the various endovascular methods to treat short neck infrarenal and juxtarenal AAA. PMID:24796901

Schurink, G W; De Roo, R; De Haan, M W; Peppelenbosch, A G; Jacobs, M J

2014-04-01

226

Endovascular stent graft repair of multiple tuberculous thoracoabdominal aneurysms  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

We describe a case of multiple tuberculous aneurysms of the descending thoracic aorta and abdominal aorta repaired with endovascular stent graft. The case was a 47-year-old man who presented with three saccular pseudoaneurysms of aortoiliac bifurcation at computed tomography (CT) scan. Despite of antimycobacterial treatment, these aneurysms grew rapidly and saccular pseudoaneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta was newly seen. A bifurcated stent graft was successfully implanted in the aortoiliac bifurcation. Subsequently, endovascular stent graft was placed well in the descending thoracic aorta. Fourteen months after the procedure, the patient was stable and serial CT images showed regression of aneurysms with ongoing antimycobacterial treatment. Therefore, endovascular stent graft repair with antimycobacterial therapy may be a treatment option in patients with multiple tuberculous aneurysms.

Kim, Sung Jung; Won, Je Hwan [Dept. of Radiology, Ajou University School of Medicine, Suwon (Korea, Republic of)

2014-05-15

227

An update on the ‘fast-track’ abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Patients who have unfavourable anatomy for endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm require open repair. This is particularly the case for juxtarenal aortic aneurysms, or those patients with small or occluded iliac access vessels.

Mukherjee, Dipankar; Becker, Tyson E.

2008-01-01

228

Endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic diseases  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Bacground/Aim. Endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic diseases is an adequate alternative to open surgery. This method was firstly performed in Serbia in 2004, while routine usage started in 2007. Aim of this study was to analyse initial experience in endovacular treatment of thoracic aortic diseses of three main vascular hospitals in Belgrade - Clinic for Vascular and Endovascular Surgery of the Clinical Center of Serbia, Clinic for Vascular Surgery of the Military Medical Academy, and Clinic for Vascular Surgery of the Institute for Cardiovascular Diseases “Dedinje”. Methods. Between March 2004. and November 2010. 41 patients were treated in these three hospitals due to different diseases of the thoracic aorta. A total of 21 patients had degenerative atherosclerotic aneurysm, 6 patients had penetrating aortic ulcer, 6 had posttraumatic aneurysm, 4 patients had ruptured thoracic aortic aneurysm, 1 had false anastomotic aneurysm after open repair, and 3 patients had dissected thoracic aneurysm of the thoracoabdominal aorta. In 15 cases the endovascular procedure was performed as a part of the hybrid procedure, after carotidsubclavian bypass in 4 patients and subclavian artery transposition in 1 patient due to the short aneurysmatic neck; in 2 patients iliac conduit was used due to hypoplastic or stenotic iliac artery; in 5 patients previous reconstruction of abdominal aorta was performed; in 1 patient complete debranching of the aortic arch, and in 2 patients visceral abdominal debranching were performed. Results. The intrahospital mortality rate (30 days was 7.26% (3 patients with ruptured thoracic aneurysms died. Endoleak type II in the first control exam was revealed in 3 patients (7. 26%. The patients were followed up in a period of 1-72 months, on average 29 months. The most devastating complication during a followup period was aortoesofageal fistula in 1 patient a year after the treatment of posttraumatic aneurysm. Conversion was performed with explantation of stent-graft and open aortic in situ recontruction, followed by esophagectomy and the creation of cervical and gastrical stoma. Conclusion. Having in mind initial results of the 3 main vascular clinics in Belgrade, Serbia, economical situation in our country, as well as the published international results, endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic diseases is indicated in hemodinamicaly unstable patients with acute traumatic aneurysm, or in stabile patients older than 65, as well as in case of chronic diseases of the thoracic aorta in patients with significant comorbid conditions or in patients older than 65 years. Endovascular procedures on the thoracic aorta could be performed, hower, only in high-volume centers with experience in routine open surgery of thoracic aorta.

Davidovi? Lazar

2013-01-01

229

Endotension: rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm Endotensão: ruptura de aneurisma de aorta abdominal  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Aortic endovascular exclusion technique called 'chimney' consists of placing stents through abdominal aortic visceral branches and a prosthesis that excludes the thoraco-abdominal aneurysm. Stents and an aortic endoprosthesis are placed in the renal arteries. This method is primarily used when open surgery is too risky. The mechanism that provides aneurysm sac increase without the visible presence of endoleaks has not been fully elucidated. The expansion of the aneurysm sac, due to endotensio...

Alexandre Campos Moraes Amato; Flávio Amim Abraham; Henrique Dini Kraide; Leandro Teixeira Rocha; Ricardo Virginio dos Santos

2012-01-01

230

Repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms with bifurcated endografts: a single-center study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe our early experience in the treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms with bifurcated endografts. We report on our initial twelve-month experience using this approach. METHODS: Clinical data on patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurys [...] ms treated at a single tertiary center in Brazil were prospectively recorded. The eligibility for endovascular treatment was evaluated by computed tomography scanning and anatomical features were determined based on the method of treatment. RESULTS: From February 2012 to January 2013 (12 months), 28 consecutive patients (mean age 67.2 years, range 45-85 years) underwent treatment for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms at our hospital. Eighteen patients (64.3%) were suitable for and underwent endovascular treatment with bifurcated endografts (16 patients) or aortouniiliac endografts (two patients). Ten patients who were considered unsuitable for endograft repair underwent open repair. Seven patients were classified as hemodynamically unstable (Endovascular, 5; Open, 2), and 21 were classified as stable (Endovascular, 13; Open, 8). The overall 30-day mortality rate associated with endovascular treatment was 27.8% (stable, 18.7%; unstable, 40%) and the rate associated with open repair was 50% (stable, 37.5%; unstable, 100%). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the suitability of patients for endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms was high and the overall results of endovascular treatment remain encouraging. Indeed, bifurcated endografts are a feasible option for treating anatomically eligible ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms.

André Brito, Queiroz; Karina Paula Domingos Rosa, Schneidwind; Grace Carvajal, Mulatti; Fábio Rodrigues Ferreira Espirito, Santo; Paulo Sassaki, Neto; Inez Ohashi, Torres; Nelson, De Luccia.

231

Repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms with bifurcated endografts: a single-center study  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe our early experience in the treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms with bifurcated endografts. We report on our initial twelve-month experience using this approach. METHODS: Clinical data on patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms treated at a single tertiary center in Brazil were prospectively recorded. The eligibility for endovascular treatment was evaluated by computed tomography scanning and anatomical features were determined based on the method of treatment. RESULTS: From February 2012 to January 2013 (12 months), 28 consecutive patients (mean age 67.2 years, range 45-85 years) underwent treatment for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms at our hospital. Eighteen patients (64.3%) were suitable for and underwent endovascular treatment with bifurcated endografts (16 patients) or aortouniiliac endografts (two patients). Ten patients who were considered unsuitable for endograft repair underwent open repair. Seven patients were classified as hemodynamically unstable (Endovascular, 5; Open, 2), and 21 were classified as stable (Endovascular, 13; Open, 8). The overall 30-day mortality rate associated with endovascular treatment was 27.8% (stable, 18.7%; unstable, 40%) and the rate associated with open repair was 50% (stable, 37.5%; unstable, 100%). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the suitability of patients for endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms was high and the overall results of endovascular treatment remain encouraging. Indeed, bifurcated endografts are a feasible option for treating anatomically eligible ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms.

Queiroz, Andre Brito; Schneidwind, Karina Paula Domingos Rosa; Mulatti, Grace Carvajal; Santo, Fabio Rodrigues Ferreira Espirito; Neto, Paulo Sassaki; Torres, Inez Ohashi; De Luccia, Nelson

2014-01-01

232

Thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm branched repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

Open thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm repair is a demanding procedure with high impact on the patient and the operating team. Results from expert centres show mortality rates between 3-21%, with extensive morbidity including renal failure and paraplegia. Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms initially required an undilated portion of the aorta below the renal arteries to safely fixate the stent-graft. More complex abdominal artic aneurysms (i.e., short-necked, juxta- and suprarenal aneurysms) were later successfully treated with fenestrated grafts. The development of branched grafts opened the way to treat thoraco-abdominal aneurysms endovascularly. In this review, a comprehensive overview of technical aspects and results of the available literature is given. Mortality rates are below 10%, with spinal cord ischemia reported between 2.7% and 20%. Target vessel branch patency invariably has been reported between 95% and 100%, with first mid-term results demonstrating evidence for durability. Most series included high-risk patients, who were denied open repair. Nevertheless, risks associated with endovascular repair of thoraco-abdominal aneurysm should be acknowledged. Technique-specific complications including perforation of small vessels due to multiple catheterization resulting in retroperitoneal hematoma, and compartment syndrome of the lower limbs should be mentioned. Technical evolution of branched grafts is ongoing. Tapering down the main graft to allow for room for the branches has resulted in easier catheterization of target vessels and insertion of bridging stent-grafts. For the same reason, the branches for celiac artery and superior mesenteric artery are deliberately off-set in position. To stabilise the usually long devices, additional spiral wires have been added, to facilitate deployment in the correct orientation. Endovascular repair of thoraco-abdominal aneurysms will continue to evolve and gradually take over from open repair, in view of the much lower physical impact on the patient. PMID:20354484

Verhoeven, E L G; Tielliu, I F J; Ferreira, M; Zipfel, B; Adam, D J

2010-04-01

233

Endovascular de Fístulas Artériovenosas  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Os autores apresentam revisão da literatura sobre o tratamento endovascular das fístulas artériovenosas, congênitas e adquiridas. São discutidos os aspectos históricos do uso dos cateteres e endopróteses. Destaques são dados ao tratamento das fístulas artériovenosas traumáticas via endoscópica. São abordados ainda os modelos experimentais para tratamento endoscópico de fístulas arteriovenosas.The autors present a review of endovascular treatment of congenital and acquired arteriovenous fistulas. Historical review on the use of cateters and stents is presented. Endoscopic treatment of traumatic arteriovenous fistulas are discussed. Experimental models of endoscopic treatment of arteriovenous fistulas are stressed.

Eduardo Ramacciotti

1999-01-01

234

Endovascular repair of an actively hemorrhaging aortoduodenal fistula.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aortoenteric fistulae require urgent definitive intervention and traditionally carry a high mortality. We describe a patient who suffered a traumatic aortic dissection following an auto versus pedestrian collision. He underwent open fenestration of his infrarenal aorta and visceral resection, complicated by abdominal sepsis and enterocutaneous fistulae. One month later he developed massive hematemesis, and endoscopic examination revealed an aortoduodenal fistula. Due to an impassable abdominal wall, a stent-graft repair was performed. This report describes the successful use of endovascular techniques to achieve immediate hemostasis in an actively hemorrhaging aortoduodenal fistula. An endovascular approach provides a valuable option in settings where a hostile abdomen precludes the traditional open technique and may serve as a bridge to later definitive repair. PMID:17532604

Barleben, Andrew R; Baig, Mirza S; Kubaska, Stephen M; Fujitani, Roy M; Gordon, Ian A; Lane, John S

2007-09-01

235

Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Using a Reverse Chimney Technique in a Patient With Marfan Syndrome and Contained Ruptured Chronic Type B Dissection  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report endovascular thoracic and abdominal aneurysm repair (EVAR) with reverse chimney technique in a patient with contained ruptured type B dissection. EVAR seems feasible as a bailout option in Marfan patients with acute life-threatening disease.

2011-10-01

236

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and endovascular procedures: report of two cases Trombocitopenia induzida por heparina e tratamento endovascular: relato de dois casos  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT is a transient disorder caused by platelet-activating antibodies against platelet factor 4 (PF4-heparin complexes. Clinically it translates into arterial or venous thrombosis and carries high morbidity and mortality. The use of large doses of heparin during endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm could increase the incidence of HIT. We report two cases associating the use of heparin during endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm with the development of HIT.Trombocitopenia induzida por heparina (TIH é um distúrbio transitório causado pela ativação de anticorpos anti-plaquetários contra o fator plaquetário 4 (FP4 combinado com a mol?cula de heparina, formando complexos que clinicamente se traduzem em tromboses arteriais ou venosas com alta morbimortalidade. O uso de altas doses de heparina durante procedimentos endovasculares para o tratamento de aneurisma de aorta abdominal pode aumentar a incidência de TIH. Relatamos dois casos em que o uso de heparina durante tratamento endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal estava associado ao aparecimento de TIH.

Christiane Campolina Furquim Werneck

2009-09-01

237

Traumatismo abdominal Abdominal traumatism  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available

En el traumatismo abdominal (TA se producen lesiones en la pared o en el contenido (vísceras, mesos, conductos vasculares, biliopancreáticos, vías urinarias. El abdomen puede ser lesionado de forma aislada aunque cerca de un tercio de los politraumatismos pediátricos asocian TA. El TA implica un elevado riesgo vital por dos circunstancias: hemorragia por lesión de órganos sólidos o vasos sanguíneos y peritonitis por perforación de vísceras huecas. La mortalidad global varía entre el 5 y el 15% y llega al 50% en la lesión de los grandes vasos...

A. Concha Torre

2009-01-01

238

Abdominal Adhesions  

Science.gov (United States)

... Is It? Abdominal adhesions are bands of fibrous scar tissue that form on organs in the abdomen, causing ... abdomen. In people living in developed countries, this scar tissue most commonly develops after abdominal surgery, in which ...

239

Endovascular repair as a sole treatment in multiple aneurysms in patient with SLE  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Introduction: Most aneurysms are local manifestations of systemic disease. For patients over 65 years the incidence of aneurysm of the abdominal aorta (AAA) is approximately 5-6% in men and 1-2 % for women. The presence of both the AAA and aneurysms in other location is even rarer, and this percentage is likely increase further in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). What you will learn: We present a rare clinical case of endovascular treatment of multifocal aneurysm including post catheterization pseudoaneurysm. The patient is a 73 years old woman with a history of SLE and age-related comorbidity. Originally an endovascular treatment of aneurysms of the abdominal aorta and right common iliac artery was used. Two years later a successfully endovascular treatment of aneurysm of the right renal artery was conducted, which however is complicated by the formation of a pseudoaneurysm in access through the left femoral artery. The late one is again treated endovascular by placement of a covered stent after failure of percutaneous injection of 1000 UI thrombin. Discussion: Adult patients with a long history of SLE are unsuitable candidates for surgical treatment of aneurysmal disease, especially in its multifocal form. In our case we have taken multistep successful endovascular procedures, including technically hard placing of the stent at the site of the right renal aneurysms, and post catheterization pseudoaneurysm. Conclusion: Multifocal aneurysmal vascular changes due to macroangiopathia in SLE can be treated alone by endovascular means in multi-stages procedures

2013-09-26

240

Technique of implantation and bail-out maneuvers for endovascular fenestrated repair of juxtarenal aortic aneurysms.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular repair of complex aneurysms involving the visceral arteries has become a reality. Fenestrated endovascular aortic repair (FEVAR) has been used with increasing frequency to treat complex aortic aneurysms. The Zenith fenestrated stent-graft system (Cook Medical Inc, Brisbane, Australia) was approved for commercial use in the United States in April 2012, offering a custom-made design with up to 3 fenestrations to treat short-neck infrarenal and juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. Nevertheless, FEVAR is a complex procedure that demands accurate planning, advanced endovascular skills, and excellent perioperative patient care to achieve optimal outcomes. This article summarizes the basic concepts of device design, case planning, techniques of implantation, and some of the "bail-out" maneuvers that may be required during endovascular repair using the Zenith fenestrated stent-graft system. PMID:24317632

Oderich, Gustavo S; Mendes, Bernardo C; Kanamori, Karina S

2013-06-01

 
 
 
 
241

IMA clipping for a type ii endoleak: combined laparoscopic and endovascular approach.  

Science.gov (United States)

We describe herein a combined laparoscopic and endovascular approach to treat a type II endoleak due to retrograde flow in the patent inferior mesenteric artery (IMA). A 61-year-old gentleman presented with enlarging aneurysm sac confirmed on computed tomography scan evaluation after elective endovascular repair of an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. A combined laparoscopic and endovascular approach was used. After distal IMA was identified and marked with a clip laparoscopically, on-table angiography showed a proximal left colic branch and persistent flow in the IMA. Therefore, further laparoscopic exploration was performed by dissection along the distal branch. The origin of IMA was then located and subsequently sealed with 2 surgical clips. The completion angiography confirmed the proper position of the surgical clips and absence of endoleak. Our case demonstrated useful role of endovascular techniques in identifying the origin of IMA during laparoscopic approach for treating type II endoleak. PMID:16921313

Zhou, Wei; Lumsden, Alan B; Li, James

2006-08-01

242

Endovascular treatment in pregnancy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There is an increased risk of stroke during pregnancy and the puerperium. Decisions should be made immediately upon transfer to each institution, particularly with respect to when and how to treat the patient. This review highlights the feasibility of endovascular treatment in pregnancy. Most of the pharmaceutical agents and therapeutic devices used in clinical practice can be utilized in pregnant patients. Comprehensive information on the benefits and risks of treatment should be explained to the patient and her family, with particular attention to the safety of the mother and fetus. Radiation exposure to the fetus is also a concern; the hazard can be minimized with optimal protection. Several studies have demonstrated that conventional procedures do not cause serious radiation exposure exceeding the threshold of safety to the fetus. Endovascular therapy can be safely performed for the treatment of acute stroke as in non-pregnant patients with adequate attention to pharmaceutical agents and shielding from radiation. In contrast to therapy for acute stroke, preventive endovascular treatment for asymptomatic lesions remains controversial. Several conditions, such as cerebral aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations, are known to bleed more frequently in pregnancy, but whether the benefits of preventive treatment outweigh the associated risks is unknown. The decision for preventive treatment should be carefully made on a case-by-case basis after extensive discussion with the patient. (author)

2013-08-01

243

Aortic dissection. Basic aspects and endovascular management  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Treatment of thoracic aortic pathology is complicated by the morbidity associated to the surgical procedure and to the frailty of an elderly and difficult population. Surgical operation in this kind of population frequently bears a significant incidence of death and long-term disability. In an effort to reduce the incidence of negative outcomes, minimally invasive techniques in the form of endovascular stenting have been introduced during the past decade. The technology, originally described by Parodi, and initially designed for its use in abdominal aortic aneurysms, has been adapted for the treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms. Furthermore, an improved understanding of the pathophysiology and the natural history of thoracic aortic disease as well as the analysis of the outcomes have facilitated our treatment decisions in terms of the timing for an appropriate intervention. Treatment of thoracic aortic dissection using endovascular Stent is one of the more recent advances in this condition and is receiving increasing attention, as it is a less invasive alternative to an open surgical repair. Although this technology is still innovative, significant improvements have been made lately in the design and deployment of the endovascular Stent-grafts. These prostheses have been increasingly used to treat aneurysms, dissections and traumatic ruptures, as well as giant penetrating ulcers and intramural hematomas of the descending thoracic aorta with good early and mid-term outcomes. The rareness, complexity and severity of the pathology and the theoretically high risk of complications should render the surgeon extremely cautious especially with young patients. Conceptually, the endo luminal treatment in the acute phase seems to be the solution and will probably become a preferred therapy while technical refinement is under way. Worldwide experience is growing and with this a better understanding of the indications and limitations of this innovative therapy will be elucidated. The clinical, diagnostic and management perspectives on aortic dissection and its variants, aortic intramural hematoma and atherosclerotic aortic ulcer, are reviewed

2005-01-01

244

A new murine model of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular aneurysm exclusion is a validated technique to prevent aneurysm rupture. Long-term results highlight technique limitations and new aspects of Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) pathophysiology. There is no abdominal aortic aneurysm endograft exclusion model cheap and reproducible, which would allow deep investigations of AAA before and after treatment. We hereby describe how to induce, and then to exclude with a covered coronary stentgraft an abdominal aortic aneurysm in a rat. The well known elastase induced AAA model was first reported in 1990(1) in a rat, then described in mice(2). Elastin degradation leads to dilation of the aorta with inflammatory infiltration of the abdominal wall and intra luminal thrombus, matching with human AAA. Endovascular exclusion with small covered stentgraft is then performed, excluding any interactions between circulating blood and the aneurysm thrombus. Appropriate exclusion and stentgraft patency is confirmed before euthanasia by an angiography thought the left carotid artery. Partial control of elastase diffusion makes aneurysm shape different for each animal. It is difficult to create an aneurysm, which will allow an appropriate length of aorta below the aneurysm for an easy stentgraft introduction, and with adequate proximal and distal neck to prevent endoleaks. Lots of failure can result to stentgraft introduction which sometimes lead to aorta tear with pain and troubles to stitch it, and endothelial damage with post op aorta thrombosis. Giving aspirin to rats before stentgraft implantation decreases failure rate without major hemorrhage. Clamping time activates neutrophils, endothelium and platelets, and may interfere with biological analysis. PMID:23851958

Rouer, Martin; Meilhac, Olivier; Delbosc, Sandrine; Louedec, Liliane; Pavon-Djavid, Graciela; Cross, Jane; Legagneux, Josette; Bouilliant-Linet, Maxime; Michel, Jean-Baptiste; Alsac, Jean-Marc

2013-01-01

245

Endovascular repair of para-anastomotic aortoiliac aneurysms.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the use of endovascular stent grafts in the treatment of para-anastomotic aneurysms (PAAs) as an alternative to high-risk open surgical repair. We identified all patients with previous open aortic aneurysm repair who underwent infrarenal endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) at our institution from June 1998 to April 2007. Patient demographics, previous surgery, and operative complications were recorded. One hundred forty-eight patients underwent EVAR during the study period and 11 patients had previous aortic surgery. Of these 11 redo patients, the mean age was 62 years at initial surgery and 71 years at EVAR. All patients were male. Initial open repair was for rupture in five (45%) patients. The average time between initial and subsequent reintervention was 9 years. All patients were ASA Grade III or IV. Fifty-five percent of the PAAs involved the iliac arteries, 36% the abdominal aorta, and 9% were aortoiliac. Ten patients had endovascular stent-grafts inserted electively, and one patient presented with a contained leak. Aorto-uni-iliac stent-grafts were deployed in seven patients, and bifurcated stent-grafts in four patients. A 100% successful deployment rate was achieved. Perioperative mortality was not seen and one patient needed surgical reintervention to correct an endoleak. Endovascular repair of PAAs is safe and feasible. It is a suitable alternative and has probably now become the treatment of choice in the management of PAAs.

Tsang, Julian S

2009-11-01

246

[Aortic aneurysm 2012: open, hybrid or total endovascular repair?].  

Science.gov (United States)

During the past two decades, minimally invasive endovascular procedures have changed therapeutic strategies. Such techniques have now become the method of choice for practically all vascular and aortic pathologies. This development is especially apparent in the treatment of aortic aneurysms. The purpose of this report is to provide a critical review about the current standard of care of abdominal and thoracic aorta based on an electronic Medline literature search. For elective infrarenal aneurysms, endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has become a widely accepted alternative to open repair in cases with appropriate morphology. Currently, fenestrated (FEVAR) or branched endografts offer promising short- and mid-term results in juxtarenal aneurysms, however, these techniques are complex, technically challenging, and expensive. The alternative chimney or sandwich graft technique are becoming more common because they are feasible using standard endografts. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) is already the gold standard for some descending pathologies. Complex thoracoabdominal aneurysms still require open surgery in centres of excellence, whereby, total endovascular repair or hybrid procedures have proved to be feasible in such specialist centres for selected patients. PMID:23136101

Langer, S; Franzen, E L; Haiduk, M; Seidl-Franzen, S; Jacobs, M J; Greiner, A

2012-10-01

247

Evaluación del impacto de las técnicas de control del daño en el tratamiento de los pacientes con aneurisma roto de la aorta abdominal. Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, Colombia, enero de 2000 a octubre de 2007  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available La mortalidad quirúrgica atribuible al aneurisma de la aorta abdominal (AAA roto oscila entre 40 y 70% según los diversos informes de la literatura; la principal causa de ello es la falla orgánica múltiple (FOM, la que a su vez corresponde, en un porcentaje importante de casos, al complejo de hipertensión abdominal/síndrome del compartimento abdominal (HTA/SCA. A principios de la década de los años 90 aparecieron algunos artículos informando que los pacientes tratados con laparostomía, con o sin empaquetamiento, cursaban sin HTA/SCA, y presentaban tasas de supervivencia mejores que las de aquellos a quienes se les cerraba primariamente el abdomen, luego de la corrección de un AAA roto. Decidimos tratar a la mayoría de los pacientes con laparostomía y empaquetamiento abdominal, con el fin de disminuir la mortalidad previa global del servicio, la cual había sido del 81,8% en 44 pacientes (corregida de 79,3%. Se exceptúan 6 pacientes a quienes se les hizo cierre primario de la pared abdominal al momento de corregir su AAA roto. Se obtuvo una tasa global de mortalidad a 30 días del 55,9% y corregida del 45,5%. Con lo anterior se puede concluir que a los pacientes con AAA roto, dada su gravedad, se les deben ofrecer técnicas similares a las utilizadas en el control del daño en el trauma, como la laparostomía y el empaquetamiento abdominal con el fin de que tengan la mejor oportunidad de sobrevivir.

John Fernando García V.

2008-11-01

248

Imaging of complications after endoluminal treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm is becoming a valuable alternative to open surgery in selected patients. With the recognition of this new treatment, however, many complications, some of them life-threatening, are reported. Imaging plays a major role in the detection of these complications. This article reviews the role of imaging techniques in the detection of these complications. (orig.)

Golzarian, J.; Struyven, J. [Dept. of Radiology, Erasme Hospital, Univ. Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels (Belgium)

2001-11-01

249

Doxycycline inhibition of proteases and inflammation in abdominal aortic aneurysms  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The aim of this thesis is to evaluate the effect of doxycycline on the proteolytic and inflammatory processes in abdominal aneurysms. This data is essential for the development of pharmaceutical strategies for the stabilization of an AAA. Such an approach could reduce the need for elective surgery and endovascular repair.

Khawaja, Hazem Al-

2011-01-01

250

Hybrid procedure in a patient with symptomatic thoraco-abdominal aneurysm and prior abdominal aortic reconstruction - case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Open repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm is connected with high mortality and morbidity. On the other hand, endovascular treatment of thoraco-abdominal aneurysms, which started 10 years ago, reduced perioperative mortality and morbidity. However, it results in a high level of late complications. It seems that an interesting solution to the problem is a hybrid procedure, which allows late complications to be reduced with acceptable levels of operative mortality and morbidity. This case report presents the use of a hybrid procedure in treatment of symptomatic thoraco-abdominal aneurysm in a patient with prior abdominal aortic reconstruction. In the first stage the patient underwent open revascularization of visceral vessels of the aorta. One week later a thoraco-abdominal stent-graft was implanted. The perioperative and postoperative period was uncomplicated. Two months after the second intervention the patient returned to work. Control imaging conducted 30 and 90 days after the procedure confirmed patency of all revascularized vessels and did not reveal any graft-related complications. The hybrid procedure seems to be an interesting alternative for open and endovascular repair of thoraco-abdominal aneurysms because it combines the advantages of open and endovascular repair. It also gives an opportunity to perform the procedure within a reasonable period of time from diagnosis of symptomatic thoraco-abdominal aneurysm. PMID:23256015

Synowiec, Tomasz; Ch?ci?ski, Pawe?; Samolewski, Przemys?aw; Zieli?ski, Wojciech; Konik-Pi?ski, Daniel; Kuczmarska, Angelika

2012-06-01

251

Endovascular repair of aortic disease: a venture capital perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular devices for the treatment of abdominal and thoracic aortic disease are poised to become the next $1 billion medical device market. A shift from open repair to endovascular repair, advances in technology, screening initiatives, and new indications are driving this growth. Although billion-dollar medical device markets are rare, this field is fraught with risk and uncertainty for startups and their venture capital investors. Technological hurdles, daunting clinical and regulatory timelines, market adoption issues, and entrenched competitors pose significant barriers to successful new venture creation. In fact, the number of aortic endografts that have failed to reach commercialization or have been pulled from the market exceeds the number of Food and Drug Administration-approved endografts in the United States. This article will shed some light on the venture capital mind-set and decision-making paradigm in the context of aortic disease. PMID:21326532

Buchanan, Lucas W; Stavropoulos, S William; Resnick, Joshua B; Solomon, Jeffrey

2009-03-01

252

Lethal Hemorrhage Caused by Aortoenteric Fistula Following Endovascular Stent Implantation  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A 55-year-old women developed an aortointestinal fistula between the bifurcation of the aorta and the distal ileum following implantation of multiple endovascular stents into both common iliac arteries for treatment of aortoiliac occlusive disease. Ten months before the acute onset of the gastrointestinal hemorrhage two balloon-expandable steel stents had been implanted into both common iliac arteries. Due to restenosis and recurrent intermittent claudication, three balloon-expandable covered stents were implanted 4 months later on reintervention. The patient presented with abdominal pain and melena, and fell into hemorrhagic shock with signs of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. After transfer to our hospital, she again developed hemorrhagic shock with massive upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding and died during emergency laparotomy. The development of aortoenteric fistulas following endovascular surgery/stent implantation is very rare and has to be considered in cases of acute gastrointestinal hemorrhage

2002-06-01

253

Lethal hemorrhage caused by aortoenteric fistula following endovascular stent implantation.  

Science.gov (United States)

A 55-year-old women developed an aortointestinal fistula between the bifurcation of the aorta and the distal ileum following implantation of multiple endovascular stents into both common iliac arteries for treatment of aortoiliac occlusive disease. Ten months before the acute onset of the gastrointestinal hemorrhage two balloon-expandable steel stents had been implanted into both common iliac arteries. Due to restenosis and recurrent intermittent claudication, three balloon-expandable covered stents were implanted 4 months later on reintervention. The patient presented with abdominal pain and melena, and fell into hemorrhagic shock with signs of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. After transfer to our hospital, she again developed hemorrhagic shock with massive upper and lower gastrointestinal bleeding and died during emergency laparotomy. The development of aortoenteric fistulas following endovascular surgery/stent implantation is very rare and has to be considered in cases of acute gastrointestinal hemorrhage. PMID:12058216

Kahlke, Volker; Brossmann, Joachim; Klomp, Hans-Jürgen

2002-01-01

254

Abdominal trauma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Abdominal injury is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in childhood. Ten percent of trauma-related deaths are due to abdominal injury. Thousands of children are involved in auto accidents annually; many suffer severe internal injury. Child abuse is a second less frequent but equally serious cause of internal abdominal injury. The descriptions of McCort and Eisenstein and their associates in the 1960s first brought to attention the frequency and severity of visceral injury as important manifestations of the child abuse syndrome. Blunt abdominal trauma often causes multiple injuries; in the past, many children have been subjected to exploratory surgery to evaluate the extent of possible hidden injury. Since the advent of noninvasive radiologic imaging techniques including radionuclide scans and ultrasound and, especially, computed tomography (CT), the radiologist has been better able to assess (accurately) the extent of abdominal injury and thus allow conservative therapy in many cases. Penetrating abdominal trauma occurs following gunshot wounds, stabbing, and other similar injury. This is fortunately, a relatively uncommon occurrence in most pediatric centers and will not be discussed specifically here, although many principles of blunt trauma diagnosis are valid for evaluation of penetrating abdominal trauma. If there is any question that a wound has extended intraperitonelly, a sinogram with water-soluble contrast material allows quick, accurate diagnosis. The presence of large amounts of free intraperitoneal gas suggests penetrating injury to the colon or other gas-containing viscus and is generally considered an indication for surgery

1985-01-01

255

Abdominal trauma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The potential for multiple intraperitoneal and retroperitoneal organ injuries often makes accurate clinical evaluation of abdominal trauma patients difficult. Additionally, patients may be unresponsive, have unreliable abdominal physical examinations, or have concurrent serious head and cervical spine injuries which delay diagnosis of and attention to abdominal problems. In these situations radiologic abdominal imaging is often requested. To expedite patient evaluation, close cooperation between the emergency physician and the radiologist is essential. It is the clinical stability of the traumatized patient that dictates the extent of radiologic imaging. Life-threatening hypotension, positive peritoneal signs, or clear evidence of penetrating abdominal injury are indications for immediate surgery. Stable patients with signs suggesting intra-abdominal injury will benefit by further radiologic evaluation with appropriate imaging modalities. The selection of an appropriate modality in any one clinical situation depends upon many criteria including accessibility to diagnostic equipment, the sensitivity and specificity of each technique, and the expertise and preference of the attending radiologist. A suggested scheme for evaluating abdominal trauma patients is presented. Most aspects of this evaluation scheme will be discussed in depth

1985-01-01

256

Rotura de aorta torácica descendente: Tratamiento endoprotésico Descending thoracic aortic rupture, endoprosthetic treatment  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

La rotura de la aorta, independientemente de su localización y etiología, es una afección extremadamente grave que conduce a la muerte rápidamente. En el momento actual no hay consenso sobre si el tratamiento endovascular de la rotura de la aorta torácica descendente es superior al tratamiento quirúrgico convencional a medio y largo plazo. En esta serie, de 13 casos, describimos nuestra experiencia y evaluamos los resultados en pacientes tratados de forma endoprotésica desde enero de 2...

2011-01-01

257

Tratamiento quirúrgico de la isquemia mesentérica crónica, revisión de la literatura y presentación de un caso Surgical treatment of chronic mesenteric ischemia: Literature review and case presentation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Los problemas vasculares mesentéricos son infrecuentes pero, cuando se presentan, pueden ser catastróficos. La isquemia mesentérica crónica es una entidad caracterizada por la obstrucción de los vasos mesentéricos; se manifiesta por dolor abdominal después de las comidas, desnutrición y miedo a comer. La mortalidad de la isquemia aguda es de 50 a 70 %. El manejo quirúrgico es la terapia de elección con excelentes resultados. El objetivo del tratamiento de la isquemia mesentérica crónica es solucionar los síntomas con un procedimiento efectivo y duradero, disminuyendo el riesgo de isquemia aguda. El tratamiento óptimo aun es discutido aunque la cirugía abierta se considera el método de referencia del manejo; no obstante, se asocia a una morbimortalidad importante. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con una isquemia mesentérica crónica, que se manejó con cirugía abierta y excelente resultado clínico y nutricional. Se hace una revisión extensa de la literatura científica actual.Mesenteric vascular problems are infrequent, but may be catastrophic. Chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI is a morbid disease that results from progressive stenotic disease of the mesenteric vessels. CMI presents with postprandial abdominal pain, inanition, fear of food And weight loss. Untreated,The mortality in acute intestinal ischemia is high (50%-70%. Vascular reconstruction is remarkably successful in relieving the symptoms of chronic intestinal ischemia . The goal of treatment for CMI is a safe and effective revascularization that provides the patient with immediate and durable relief of symptoms, minimal procedural risk, and protection from morbidity and mortality associated with intestinal ischemia. Optimal treatment for patients with CMI remains controversial and challenging. Open surgical revascularization is still considered the standard of care, but may be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We presented a patient with severe abdominal pain after meals, repeatedly. Angiography revealed severe stenosis and occlusion of the super mesenteric artery (SMA. Endovascular treatment was initially unsuccessful, after that we did a open bypass with full clinical and nutritional recovery.

César E Jiménez

2012-01-01

258

[Endovascular treatment of aneurysms of the descending thoracic aorta--a new therapeutic perspective].  

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Endovascular treatment of aneurysmal disease of descending thoracic aorta and infra-renal abdominal aorta, has become an accepted technique, in selected cases due to the reduction of neurological morbidity, paraparesis or paraplegic and renal ischemia, associated with conventional surgery. The authors describe the first case performed in Portugal of a 75-year-old female with an expanding thoracic aneurysm managed by endovascular exclusion of the aneurysm with an EXCLUDER endoprosthesis, without any complications or evidence of endoleak, achieving complete exclusion of the aneurysm. PMID:11126106

Fernandes, J F; Pedro, L M; Freire, J P; Evangelista, A; Granate, M M; Cachita, M; Pinto, F J; Sousa, P; Lopes, A; Dias, N V; Fernandes, R F

2000-10-01

259

Abdominal actinomycosis.  

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Intra-abdominal and extraperitoneal actinomycosis are rare infections, caused by different Actinomyces species. However, they have been diagnosed more frequently in the last ten years. We report three cases of abdominal actinomycosis and a literature review of the last eight years. All three patients were diagnosed by means of histopathologic examination only. In one case, an intrauterine device (IUD) was associated with the infection. Therapy consisted of surgical resection of the inflammatory, infected tissue, and long-term antibiotic therapy. All patients are free of recurrence. Abdominal actinomycosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of an abdominal pathology of insidious onset, especially when an IUD is in place. Even when infection had spread extensively, combined operative and antibiotic therapy cured most of the cases. PMID:14616714

Wagenlehner, F M E; Mohren, B; Naber, K G; Männl, H F K

2003-08-01

260

Endovascular treatment of a triple paraanastomotic aneurysm after aortobiiliac reconstruction / Tratamento endovascular de triplo aneurisma para-anastomótico após derivação aorto-biilíaca  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Relatamos um caso de um paciente de 72 anos não considerado elegível para cirurgia aberta, apresentando aneurismas para-anastomóticos das três anastomoses, 13 anos após uma reconstrução aberta aorto-biilíaca para aneurisma aórtico abdominal. Este paciente foi tratado com sucesso através de abordagem [...] endovascular usando uma endoprótese aorto-uniilíaca esquerda e uma endoprótese tubular ilíaca direita, seguida por derivação cruzada fêmoro-femoral. Este relato ilustra a utilidade de uma abordagem minimamente invasiva para o tratamento desta complicação da cirurgia aórtica aberta e discute questões técnicas relacionadas a dispositivos endovasculares neste contexto em especial. Abstract in english We report a case of a 72-year-old patient considered unfit for open surgery, presenting with paraanastomotic aneurysms of all three anastomoses, 13 years after an open aortobiiliac reconstruction for abdominal aortic aneurysm. This patient was successfully treated with an endovascular approach using [...] a left aortouniiliac endograft and a right iliac tubular endograft, followed by crossover femorofemoral bypass. This report illustrates the usefulness of a minimally invasive approach for solving this complication of aortic open surgery and discusses technical issues related to endovascular devices in this particular setting.

Alexandre Campos Moraes, Amato; Andrea, Kahlberg; Luca, Bertoglio; Germano, Melissano; Roberto, Chiesa.

 
 
 
 
261

Abdominal epilepsy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Abdominal epilepsy (AE) is a rather uncommon clinical entity in children that might create diagnostic confusion especially when it lacks the typical manifestations of an epileptic seizure. We report the case of a young boy having apparently unexplained episodes of paroxysmal abdominal symptoms with no other suggestion of an underlying epileptic disorder. The case also explains how the clinical presentation can be misleading unless a high index of suspicion is maintained to reach the ultimate diagnosis. (author)

2004-06-01

262

Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Iliac Aneurysm Previously Treated by Endovascular Means  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A patient with a ruptured iliac aneurysm was admitted to the Emergency Department in hypovolemic shock. He had previously undergone surgical treatment for an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm, which was managed with a terminal-terminal Dacron tube graft. Subsequently, he developed two iliac aneurysms, which were treated endovascularly with two wall-grafts in the right and one wall-graft in the left iliac arteries. He suffered chronic renal failure and arterial hypertension. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed rupture of the right iliac aneurysm and dislocation of the two wall-grafts. He was treated in an emergency situation with the implantation of an iliac endograft that bridged the two wall-grafts, which resulted in hemostasis and stabilization of his condition. Five days later, in an elective surgical situation, he was treated with the implantation of an aorto-uni-iliac endograft combined with a femoral-femoral bypass. He was discharged 5 days later in good condition. At the 4 year follow-up visit, the endoprosthesis remained in place with no evidence of an endoleak. In conclusion, overlapping of endografts should be avoided, if possible. Strict surveillance of the endovascularly treated patient remains mandatory

2008-03-01

263

De novo periaortic fibrosis after endovascular aortic repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

We report a case of a 63-year-old man presenting with abdominal pain and hydronephrosis secondary to periaortic fibrosis (PAF) 8 months after an endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) using a woven polyester bifurcated graft. De novo delayed PAF after open repair is rare and even more infrequent after EVAR. All 3 previously reported cases occurred after woven polyester grafts and no reported cases after polytetrafluorethylene grafts. Management included steroidal anti-inflammatory treatment and bilateral double J tube placement. Satisfactory results were obtained. PMID:24275428

Alomran, Faris; de Blic, Romain; Mallios, Alexandros; Costanzo, Alessandro; Boura, Benoit; Combes, Myriam

2014-02-01

264

Endovascular treatment of isolated spontaneous celiac artery dissection.  

Science.gov (United States)

This report presents the case of a patient with isolated spontaneous celiac artery dissection. The patient developed acute abdominal pain that was induced by eating. Computed tomography and selective angiography revealed an intimal flap that separated the true and false lumens located 3 cm from the origin of the celiac artery. We treated the patient with a stent that was deployed endovascularly into the celiac artery to seal the entry site. Postoperative angiography revealed that the graft was patent and the follow-up period was uneventful. The etiology, clinical features, diagnostic modalities and treatment options of isolated spontaneous celiac artery dissection are reported. PMID:22472366

Zhang, Tao; Zhang, Xiaoming; Zhang, Xuemin; Jiang, Jingjun; Zhou, Bingying

2012-04-01

265

Endotension: rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm / Endotensão: ruptura de aneurisma de aorta abdominal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A técnica de exclusão endovascular conhecida como 'chaminé' consiste na colocação de stent em ramos viscerais e de endoprótese excluindo o aneurisma toracoabdominal. São colocados stents revestidos nas artérias renais e uma endoprótese aórtica, que o método utilizado quando a cirurgia aberta tem ris [...] co muito alto. O mecanismo que causa a expansão aneurismática sem a presença detectável de vazamento pelos métodos de imagem não está completamente esclarecido. A expansão do saco aneurismático por endotensão é de difícil diagnóstico, mesmo com o uso de técnicas de imagem avançadas, como tomografia computadorizada e eco-Doppler, sendo o diagnóstico por exclusão. Apresenta-se um caso de complicação tardia após o tratamento endovascular pela técnica da 'chaminé'. Após a cirurgia, o paciente apresentou ruptura sem endoleak visível. Outro procedimento endovascular foi impossibilitado pela técnica da 'chaminé', que dificulta novos procedimentos e há alto risco de oclusão dos ramos. Endotensão é causa de ruptura e óbito. Abstract in english Aortic endovascular exclusion technique called 'chimney' consists of placing stents through abdominal aortic visceral branches and a prosthesis that excludes the thoraco-abdominal aneurysm. Stents and an aortic endoprosthesis are placed in the renal arteries. This method is primarily used when open [...] surgery is too risky. The mechanism that provides aneurysm sac increase without the visible presence of endoleaks has not been fully elucidated. The expansion of the aneurysm sac, due to endotension, is difficult to diagnose, even with the use of advanced imaging tests. Its diagnosis is made by exclusion. We present a case of a late complication in a high-risk patient after a 'chimney' endovascular procedure. Following the surgery, the patient presented a ruptured aneurysm sac without a visible endoleak. A second intervention was not feasible due to the high risk of occluding all of the branches, and complicated by previous 'chimney'. Endotension is a possible cause of aneurysm rupture and death.

Alexandre Campos Moraes, Amato; Flávio Amim, Abraham; Henrique Dini, Kraide; Leandro Teixeira, Rocha; Ricardo Virginio dos, Santos.

266

Endotension: rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm Endotensão: ruptura de aneurisma de aorta abdominal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aortic endovascular exclusion technique called 'chimney' consists of placing stents through abdominal aortic visceral branches and a prosthesis that excludes the thoraco-abdominal aneurysm. Stents and an aortic endoprosthesis are placed in the renal arteries. This method is primarily used when open surgery is too risky. The mechanism that provides aneurysm sac increase without the visible presence of endoleaks has not been fully elucidated. The expansion of the aneurysm sac, due to endotension, is difficult to diagnose, even with the use of advanced imaging tests. Its diagnosis is made by exclusion. We present a case of a late complication in a high-risk patient after a 'chimney' endovascular procedure. Following the surgery, the patient presented a ruptured aneurysm sac without a visible endoleak. A second intervention was not feasible due to the high risk of occluding all of the branches, and complicated by previous 'chimney'. Endotension is a possible cause of aneurysm rupture and death.A técnica de exclusão endovascular conhecida como 'chaminé' consiste na colocação de stent em ramos viscerais e de endoprótese excluindo o aneurisma toracoabdominal. São colocados stents revestidos nas artérias renais e uma endoprótese aórtica, que o método utilizado quando a cirurgia aberta tem risco muito alto. O mecanismo que causa a expansão aneurismática sem a presença detectável de vazamento pelos métodos de imagem não está completamente esclarecido. A expansão do saco aneurismático por endotensão é de difícil diagnóstico, mesmo com o uso de técnicas de imagem avançadas, como tomografia computadorizada e eco-Doppler, sendo o diagnóstico por exclusão. Apresenta-se um caso de complicação tardia após o tratamento endovascular pela técnica da 'chaminé'. Após a cirurgia, o paciente apresentou ruptura sem endoleak visível. Outro procedimento endovascular foi impossibilitado pela técnica da 'chaminé', que dificulta novos procedimentos e há alto risco de oclusão dos ramos. Endotensão é causa de ruptura e óbito.

Alexandre Campos Moraes Amato

2012-06-01

267

An infected enlarging abdominal aortic aneurysm after acute cholecystitis?  

Science.gov (United States)

INTRODUCTION An abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) infection is rare and can be difficult to manage, with high morbidity and mortality. We present a patient who suffered an infected AAA after undergoing a laparoscopic cholecystectomy and discuss the surgical management options. PRESENTATION OF CASE A 69-year-old male presents with a rapidly enlarging AAA 4 weeks following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. He was managed with open debridement, washout and repair of the aneurysm, but suffered ongoing sequelae of Escherichia coli sepsis. DISCUSSION The options for surgical management of infected AAA include open, endovascular and combined approaches. Recent papers report successful use of endovascular repair of infected AAAs but this is an ongoing area of research. CONCLUSION Infection of an AAA is associated with high mortality and long-term morbidity and requires optimal treatment. Surgical options include open debridement and repair, endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) or a combined approach.

Hwang, Sang Y.; Clarke, James M.F.; Tang, Tjun Y.

2014-01-01

268

Abdominal Pain  

Science.gov (United States)

... relaxation. Guided imagery for abdominal pain About self-hypnosis and kids See YourChild : Pain and Your Child or Teen for more detail ... how to help your baby cope with the pain of medical procedures, circumcision, and teething. ... Helping Kids YourChild : A Look at Biofeedback YourChild : ...

269

Desafios endovasculares aórticos: cirurgia de recurso em patologia aórtica / Challenging aortic procedures: bailout techniques  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A técnica endovascular é uma reconhecida alternativa à cirurgia convencional, no tratamento da patologia aneurismática aorto-ilíaca. Alguns casos, no entanto, pelas suas especifi cidades anatómicas e/ou clínicas, constituem desafi os técnicos que requerem soluções complexas no seu tratamento. Os aut [...] ores apresentam 3 casos clínicos, tratados na sua Instituição entre Janeiro de 2008 e Dezembro de 2011, onde foram encontradas soluções pouco usuais no tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta torácica e da aorta abdominal. Foram utilizadas alternativas como a técnica de Chimney e de Funnel. Não ocorreu mortalidade relacionada com a doença aneurismática em nenhum dos casos. Os casos clínicos apresentados demonstram a exequibilidade das técnicas assim como os detalhes técnicos inerentes a cada caso. Abstract in english The endovascular technique is now an alternative to conventional surgery in the treatment of aortoiliac aneurysms, especially for patients at high surgical risk. In some cases, however, due to their anatomical and/or clinical features, none of the conventional options are suitable, requiring complex [...] solutions. The authors present 3 cases reports, treated at their institution between January 2008 and December 2011, in which were used unusual solutions for the endovascular treatment of the thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms. The alternative techniques used were the Chimney and the Funnel. There was no aneurysm related mortality. This article set forth the techniques details and feasibility.

Gonçalo R., Alves; Leonor, Vasconcelos; Hugo, Rodrigues; Nelson, Oliveira; Frederico, Gonçalves; Mª Emília, Ferreira; João A., Castro; L. Mota, Capitão.

270

Abdominal emergencies  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: There are numerous conditions that affect mainly or exclusively the pediatric population. These constitute true emergencies, related to patient's health. Delay in diagnosis and treatment of abdominal non-traumatic emergencies may result in rapid deterioration, peritonitis, sepsis, even death or in severe complications with subsequent morbidity. Abdominal emergencies in children mostly present with pain, tenderness, occasionally coupled by vomiting, fever, abdominal distension, and failure to pass meconium or stools. Diarrhea, blood per rectum, abnormal laboratory tests and lethargy may also be manifestations of acute abdominal conditions. Abdominal emergencies have a different aetiology, depending on age and whether the pain is acute or chronic. Symptoms have to be matched with age and gender. Newborns up to 1 months of age may have congenital diseases: atresia, low obstruction including Hirschsprung's disease, meconium ileus. Meconium plug is one of the commonest cause of low obstruction in newborns that may also develop necrotizing enterocolitis, incarcerated inguinal hernia and mid-gut volvulus. Past the immediate postnatal period, any duodenal obstruction should be considered midgut volvulus until proven otherwise and patients should undergo ultrasonography and/or properly performed upper GI contrast study that records the exact position of the deduno-jejunal junction. Infants 6 months-2 years carry the risk of intussusception, mid-gut volvulus, perforation, acute pyelonephritis. Preschool and school-aged children 2-12 years carry the risk of appendicitis, genito-urinary abnormalities including torsion, urachal abnormalities, haemolytic uremic syndrome and Henoch-Schonlein purpura. Children above 12 years suffer from the same conditions as in adults. Most conditions may affect any age despite age predilection. Abdominal solid organ ultrasonography (US) coupled with gastrointestinal ultrasonography is the principle imaging modality in radiosensitive children and young individuals with abdominal pain. Sensitivity and specificity for US in diagnosing intussusception, midgut volvulus, urinary tract abnormalities and appendicitis is over 90%. US, occasionally with x-rays, usually suffice for an accurate diagnosis. Upper GI contrast studies are indicated in suspected malrotation, volvulus and atypical high obstruction cases. Lower GI contrast studies are indicated in low/colonic obstruction. CT and/or MRI should be reserved for atypical, complex cases when US and conventional radiography are equivocal or inconclusive. The radiologist should engage oneself to act immediately, consider and actively exclude those diagnoses that could be a threat to the child's health or life. The appropriate modality should be chosen and proper technique should be applied. Radiologists should function as clinicians, take initiative and discuss options and alternative diagnoses. Lack of experience should not delay performance of tests. Our job is finished when a diagnostic test has a written report provided that we make sure the child is managed properly.

2012-11-01

271

Endovascular treatment of innominate artery stenosis via the bilateral brachial approach.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular treatment (stenting) has evolved as an effective and safe treatment modality for symptomatic subclavian and innominate artery disease. Most of these patients have comorbid conditions associated with atherosclerotic vascular disease, which is responsible for the access site and increased difficulty of procedure. We report a case of symptomatic innominate artery stenosis with concomitant atherosclerotic disease of the abdominal aorta successfully treated with using coronary devices and the pull-through technique via the bilateral brachial approach. PMID:20347801

Yamamoto, Masaya; Hara, Hisao; Shinji, Hideo; Ono, Tsuyoshi; Yokouchi, Itaru; Ito, Shingo; Hara, Hidehiko; Takagi, Takuro; Sugi, Kaoru; Nakamura, Masato

2010-01-01

272

Endovascular Stent Graft for Treatment of Complicated Spontaneous Dissection of Celiac Artery: Report of Two Cases  

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We report 2 cases of complicated spontaneous dissection of the celiac artery, which were successfully treated by a stent graft. The first patient was a 47-year-old man who presented with acute abdominal pain. CT scan showed ruptured saccular aneurysm with surrounding retroperitoneal hematoma. The second patient was a 57-year-old man with progressive dissecting aneurysm. Endovascular stent graft was placed in the celiac trunk to control bleeding, and to prevent rupture in each patient. Follow-...

Kang, Ung Rae; Kim, Young Hwan; Lee, Young-hwan

2013-01-01

273

Cardiopatía congénita del adulto: tratamiento percutáneo de un caso complejo Adult congenital cardiopathy: percutaneous treatment of a complex case  

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La cardiopatía congénita del adulto, es una entidad clínica de difícil diagnóstico y tratamiento. Desde 1982, la terapia endovascular cambió su enfoque de manera radical (1) y en los últimos años el diseño de nuevos dispositivos y mejores catéteres de balón, facilitó la implementación de la terapéutica para mayor número de pacientes (2). Es el tratamiento de elección para entidades como estenosis valvular pulmonar (3), comunicación ínter-auricular (4) y ductus arterioso pers...

2008-01-01

274

[Popliteal artery aneurysm: surgical and endovascular therapy].  

Science.gov (United States)

Aneurysms of the popliteal artery are the most common form of peripheral aneurysm with an incidence of 70-80 %. An enlargement of the popliteal artery of more than 50% of the original diameter is defined as a popliteal artery aneurysm and is found mainly in male patients older than 65 years of age. The incidence is 1%, in 50% of cases is bilateral and in up to 50% in association with other large vessel aneurysms (e.g. abdominal aorta). Differential diagnoses are Baker's cyst, cystic adventitial disease, entrapment syndrome and epitheloid hemangioma. One third of all diagnosed popliteal artery aneurysms are asymptomatic incidental findings, whereas two thirds are conspicuous due to symptoms (acute or chronic ischemia, local compression, rupture). The indications for invasive treatment are given for patients with patent aneurysms at a diameter of more than 2 cm or if a thrombus is present within the aneurysm. Symptomatic popliteal artery aneurysms are always an indication for therapy. Treatment strategies are surgical techniques and endovascular interventions, which both have a similar outcome and graft patency in midterm results. PMID:23494062

Ghotbi, R; Deilmann, K

2013-03-01

275

Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The aim of the study was to analyze the results of the endovascular coiling and stenting as current methods for treatment of ruptured and non-ruptured intracranial aneurysms. For a period of 4 years, 132 patients - 55 (42%) male and 77 (58%) female, at average age of 50.7 years, were diagnosed with 189 intracranial aneurysms. One hundred and sixty endovascular interventions were performed, of which 127 coil embolisations, 22 stent placements and 11 reembolisations in previously embolized patients with angiographic data for recanalization. For evaluation of the patient's condition at admission, the Hunt and Hess scale was applied. The Fisher scale was used to classify the subarachnoid hemorrhage based on the CT-scans. Total occlusion was achieved in 93 of the 127 coiled aneurysms in our series (73.2%). Subtotal occlusion of the aneurysmal sack and neck was presented in the rest 34 aneurysms (26.7%) because of their geometric characteristics. In 13 of the 55 follow-up angiographies performed, significant recanalization was identified, which led to 11 reembolisations. We report 10 complications in the series of 160 endovascular interventions (6.25%), namely: intrainterventional aneurysm rupture - 1 case (0.63%); transient vasospasm - 3 cases (1.9%); thromboembolic complications - 5 cases (3.1%); intrainterventional in-stent thrombosis. followed by recanalization - 1 case (0.63%). Overall mortality in our series was 3.35% (5 patients), none of the deaths directly connected to the intervention, but as a result of the poor clinical condition of the patients upon admission. Because of its minimal invasiveness and lower complication rates, the endovascular technique is gaining ground as an alternative to the surgical clipping. Nevertheless the endovascular treatment represents only a component of the healing process of patients with ruptured/unruptured cerebral aneurysms that should be carried out by a multidisciplinary team.

2011-01-01

276

Endovascular Treatment of a Carotid Dissecting Pseudoaneurysm in a Patient with Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome Type IV with Fatal Outcome  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We present a patient with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV (EDS IV) with a carotid dissecting pseudoaneurysm causing severe carotid stenosis. This lesion was treated endovascularly. Unfortunately, the patient died of remote vascular catastrophes (intracranial hemorrhage and abdominal aortic rupture). This unique case illustrates the perils of endovascular treatment of EDS IV patients and the need for preoperative screening for concomitant lesions. It also shows that a dissecting pseudoaneurysm can feasibly be treated with a covered stent and that closure is effective using Angioseal in patients with EDS IV

2008-01-01

277

Efectividad del abordaje endovascular en una serie de 122 aneurismas cerebrales del circuito posterior  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo, Describir los resultados y complicaciones del tratamiento endovascular en una serie de pacientes portadores de aneurismas cerebrales localizados en el circuito posterior. Material y método. Estudio descriptivo de una serie de 122 pacientes portadores de aneurismas de circuito posterior, tr [...] atados por vía endovascular. Resultados. Se realizaron 122 estudios angiográficos diagnósticos, de los cuales 116 fueron pasibles de tratamiento endovascular. La tasa de oclusión completa fue del 73% en los localizados en arteria cerebral posterior, 68% en los de tope de arteria basilar, 72% en los de arteria cerebelosa posteroinferior, 82% en los aneurismas de la arteria cerebelosa superior y 75% en los de arteria vertebral. La oclusión fue completa en el 50% de los aneurismas de tronco de basilar y en el único caso localizado en la arteria cerebelosa anteroinferior. La morbilidad y mortalidad secundaria a la técnica fue de 5,2% y 1,7% respectivamente. Conclusión. En la serie de casos descripta, todos los tipos de aneurismas en todas las localizaciones del circuito posterior, pudieron ser abordados por vía endovascular, con una alta tasa de oclusión completa y baja tasa de morbilidad y mortalidad. Abstract in english Objective. To describe morbidity and mortality secondary to endovascular treatment in a series of cases with posterior circle aneurysms. Material and Method A descriptive study in a series of adult patients with posterior circle aneurysms treated by endovascular surgery. Results. Endovascular therap [...] y was done in 116 of 122 aneurysms studied by angiography. Posterior circle aneurysms were completely occluded in 73% of cases, basilar tip aneurysms had complete occlusion in 68% of cases, posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysms were totally occluded in 72% of cases, superior cerebellar artery aneurysms occlusion was in 82% and vertebral artery aneurysms were occluded in 75% of cases. The 50% of basilar trunk aneurysms were totally occluded and the only anterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysm treated was fully occluded. Morbidity and mortality related to the technic was 5,2% and 1,7%. Conclusion. In our series of cases, embolization was very effective to approach every types and locations of posterior circle aneurysms with a high rate of complete occlusion with low morbidity and mortality.

Goland, Javier; Garbugino, Silvia; Fernández, Julio; Casagrande, Walter; Lemme Plaghos, Luis.

278

Tratamiento percutaneo de aneurismas aorto-ilíacos / Percutaneous treatment of aorto-iliac aneurysm  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: La reparación endovascular de aneurismas abdominales e ilíacos requiere de la introducción de dispositivos de alto calibre (> 16 F) mediante denudación de arterias femorales. Mediante una variación técnica, el sistema de sutura arterial percutanea Prostar-XL® (Abbott, EEUU) permite el [...] acceso arterial percutaneo evitando la denudación. Objetivo: Analizar la experiencia inicial en el tratamiento percutaneo de aneurismas del territorio aorto-ilíaco. Material y Método: Revisión de las historias clínicas y base de datos de pacientes tratados con sutura arterial percutanea, entre octubre de 2003 y abril de 2008. Resultados: Tratamos 22 pacientes con esta técnica (20 hombres y 2 mujeres). Dieciséis portadores de aneurisma aórtico abdominal, 3 aneurismas ilíacos, 2 reparaciones de endofuga y un aneurisma hipogástrico. La edad promedio fue 72,6 años (rango 56-86). Se utilizó el sistema Prostar XL® para sutura percutanea en 37 arterias femorales. La anestesia más utilizada fue peridural en el 50% de los pacientes. En 7 casos (31,8%) se efectuó la operación exclusivamente con anestesia local. El diámetro de los dispositivos de endoprótesis fue de 16 a 23 F. Se obtuvo éxito técnico en 34 cierres (92%). Tres arterias requirieron reparación quirúrgica tradicional. No hubo mortalidad operatoria. Durante el seguimiento (promedio 12,6 meses, rango 1-53) no se registraron falsos aneurismas femorales ni infección. Discusión: El cierre percutaneo en la reparación endovascular de aneurismas aorto-ilíacos es un procedimiento mínimamente invasivo, seguro y efectivo, que permite eventualmente el uso de anestesia local. Abstract in english Introduction: Endovascular repair of aortic (AAA) and iliac artery aneurysms requires introduction and deployment of large bore devices (> 16 F) through surgical exposure of the femoral artery. The Prostar XL ® arterial suture system allows the introduction of such devices without the need for surgi [...] cal exposure. Aim: To report our initial experience with percutaneous arterial closure during aneurysm endografting. Methods: We reviewed records and datábase of patients treated with this technique between October2003 and April 2008. Results: We treated 22 patients with this technique (20 men and 2 women, average age 72 years). Sixteen had AAA, 3 iliac artery aneurysm, 1 hypogastric aneurysm and two for endoleak repair. The percutaneous closure device was used in 37 femoral arteries. In 7 patients (31,8%) the operation was completed entirely under local anaesthesia. The diameter of the devices ranged between 16 and 23 F. Technical success was obtained in 34 arteries (92%). Three arteries required surgical repair due to inadequate haemostasis (sheaths 18, 21, and 21 F). There was no operative mortality. During follow-up (mean 12,6 months, range 1-53) no false aneurysm or infection at the puncture site has been registered and the patients remain free of complications. Discussion: Percutaneous arterial closure in endovascular aneurysm repair is a safe, minimally invasive and effective procedure which allows resolving theses serious conditions in selected patients.

ZÚÑIGA G, CARLO; MERTENS M, RENATO; VALDÉS E, FRANCISCO; KRÄMER SCH, ALBRECHT; MARINÉ M, LEOPOLDO; BERGOEING R, MICHEL; VERGARA G, JEANNETTE; CARVAJAL N, CLAUDIA.

279

Endovascular management of peripheral vascular injuries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Over the past several decades, catheter-based and endovascular techniques have been used with increasing frequency for the management of trauma. Currently, however, there is sparse literature on the management of vascular trauma with endovascular techniques. The endovascular management of vascular trauma seems particularly appealing in the management of blunt truncal injuries, especially in the setting of severe concomitant brain and lung injury. Extremity and neck injuries are probably best handled by traditional methods of surgical proximal and distal control. This paper aims to review current literature with regard to the endovascular management of traumatic vascular injuries, focusing on the regions of neck and extremity. (authors)

2010-09-01

280

Fístula aortocava como complicación de aneurisma aórtico abdominal Aortocaval fistula as a complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

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Full Text Available La fístula aortocava (FAC es una complicación infrecuente del aneurisma aórtico abdominal (AAA. El diagnóstico se sospecha por la detección de un soplo continuo en el hemiabdomen inferior, asociado a masa abdominal pulsátil y signos variables de congestión venosa e insuficiencia cardíaca. La tomografía computada multicorte (TCM permite confirmar el diagnóstico, evidenciando contraste de la vena cava inferior en fase arterial e identificando la zona anatómica de la comunicación arteriovenosa, en algunos casos. La reparación quirúrgica suele ser compleja, reportándose una alta morbi-mortalidad asociada. El uso de técnicas endovasculares pareciera mejorar el pronóstico de esta entidad. Reportamos un caso de FAC tratado mediante cirugía abierta. Se incluye una revisión de la literatura respecto a esta rara condición.Aortocaval fistula (ACF is an infrequent complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA. Diagnosis is suspected by the presence of a continuous abdominal bruit and pulsatile abdominal mass, with variable signs of venous congestion and acute heart failure. Multislice computed tomography (MSCT is useful in establishing the diagnosis, showing early enhancement of inferior vena cava and, in some cases, identifying the arteriovenous comunication. Surgical treatment is usually complex, with high morbidity and mortality rates. Endovascular treatment seems to be a promising alternative for the management of these patients. We report a case of ACF treated with open surgery and a literature review of this rare condition.

Carlo Zúñiga G

2011-12-01

 
 
 
 
281

Fístula aortocava como complicación de aneurisma aórtico abdominal / Aortocaval fistula as a complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La fístula aortocava (FAC) es una complicación infrecuente del aneurisma aórtico abdominal (AAA). El diagnóstico se sospecha por la detección de un soplo continuo en el hemiabdomen inferior, asociado a masa abdominal pulsátil y signos variables de congestión venosa e insuficiencia cardíaca. La tomog [...] rafía computada multicorte (TCM) permite confirmar el diagnóstico, evidenciando contraste de la vena cava inferior en fase arterial e identificando la zona anatómica de la comunicación arteriovenosa, en algunos casos. La reparación quirúrgica suele ser compleja, reportándose una alta morbi-mortalidad asociada. El uso de técnicas endovasculares pareciera mejorar el pronóstico de esta entidad. Reportamos un caso de FAC tratado mediante cirugía abierta. Se incluye una revisión de la literatura respecto a esta rara condición. Abstract in english Aortocaval fistula (ACF) is an infrequent complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Diagnosis is suspected by the presence of a continuous abdominal bruit and pulsatile abdominal mass, with variable signs of venous congestion and acute heart failure. Multislice computed tomography (MSCT) is u [...] seful in establishing the diagnosis, showing early enhancement of inferior vena cava and, in some cases, identifying the arteriovenous comunication. Surgical treatment is usually complex, with high morbidity and mortality rates. Endovascular treatment seems to be a promising alternative for the management of these patients. We report a case of ACF treated with open surgery and a literature review of this rare condition.

Carlo, Zúñiga G; José Ramón, Rodríguez A; Patricio, Cáceres G.

282

Complications after Endovascular Aneurysm Repair  

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Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has become an established technique for the treatment of many infrarenal aortic aneurysms. Although EVAR is obviously less invasive than open surgical repair, it is not free of complications. These can potentially result in severe morbidity or even mortality, stressing the need for an early detection and subsequent treatment. In this review article, the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of the most common complications of EVAR, with the exception of...

Maleux, Geert; Koolen, Marcel; Heye, Sam

2009-01-01

283

Endovascular interventional magnetic resonance imaging  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Minimally invasive interventional radiological procedures, such as balloon angioplasty, stent placement or coiling of aneurysms, play an increasingly important role in the treatment of patients suffering from vascular disease. The non-destructive nature of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), its ability to combine the acquisition of high quality anatomical images and functional information, such as blood flow velocities, perfusion and diffusion, together with its inherent three dimensionality and tomographic imaging capacities, have been advocated as advantages of using the MRI technique for guidance of endovascular radiological interventions. Within this light, endovascular interventional MRI has emerged as an interesting and promising new branch of interventional radiology. In this review article, the authors will give an overview of the most important issues related to this field. In this context, we will focus on the prerequisites for endovascular interventional MRI to come to maturity. In particular, the various approaches for device tracking that were proposed will be discussed and categorized. Furthermore, dedicated MRI systems, safety and compatibility issues and promising applications that could become clinical practice in the future will be discussed. (topical review)

2003-07-21

284

Incidence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome after endovascular aortic repair  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

AIM: The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of the post-implantation syndrome/systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) after endovascular aortic repair. METHODS: All patients, undergoing elective primary endovascular repair of an asymptomatic infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm during 2007, were retrospectively evaluated for SIRS within the first 5 postoperative days. The only exclusion-criteria were missing data. SIRS was assessed using the criteria defined by the American College of Chest Physicians and Society of Critical Care Medicine Consensus Conference Committee. RESULTS: Sixty-six patients were included, 40 (60%) met the SIRS criteria within the first 5 postoperative days (95% of the 40 patients met the criteria within 3 days). We found no significant differences between the SIRS and the non-SIRS group in baseline characteristics or other data including volume of the contrast media used, type of groin access, adjunctive procedures and duration of surgery. In total, 11 (28%)patients in the SIRS group and 4 (15%) patients in the non-SIRS group underwent re-interventions. Median follow-up period was 26 (range 20-32) months. Thirty-day mortality did not differ in the groups (3% in the SIRS group vs. none in the non-SIRS group). CONCLUSION: The high incidence of SIRS after EVAR is unexpected considering the minimally invasive procedure. Further studies on the cause of this response and measures to attenuate the response seem appropriate.

De La Motte, L; Vogt, K

2011-01-01

285

Endovascular pseudoaneurysm repair after distal pancreatectomy with celiac axis resection.  

Science.gov (United States)

Erosive hemorrhage due to pseudoaneurysm is one of the most life-threatening complications after pancreatectomy. Here, we report an extremely rare case of rupture of a pseudoaneurysm of the common hepatic artery (CHA) stump that developed after distal pancreatectomy with en block celiac axis resection (DP-CAR), and was successfully treated through covered stent placement. The patient is a 66-year-old woman who underwent DP-CAR after adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced pancreatic body cancer. She developed an intra-abdominal abscess around the remnant pancreas head 31 d after the surgery, and computed tomography (CT) showed an occluded portal vein due to the spreading inflammation around the abscess. Her general condition improved after CT-guided drainage of the abscess. However, 19 d later, she presented with melena, and CT showed a pseudoaneurysm arising from the CHA stump. Because the CHA had been resected during the DP-CAR, this artery could not be used as the access route for endovascular treatment, and instead, we placed a covered stent via the inferior pancreaticoduodenal artery originating from the superior mesenteric artery. After stent placement, cessation of bleeding and anterograde hepatic artery flow were confirmed, and the patient recovered well without any further complications. CT angiography at the 6-mo follow-up indicated the patency of the covered stent with sustained hepatic artery flow. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of endovascular repair of a pseudoaneurysm that developed after DP-CAR. PMID:24363537

Sumiyoshi, Tatsuaki; Shima, Yasuo; Noda, Yoshihiro; Hosoki, Shingo; Hata, Yasuhiro; Okabayashi, Takehiro; Kozuki, Akihito; Nakamura, Toshio

2013-12-01

286

Endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms: a review  

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Open surgical repair is considered the traditional treatment for patients with thoracic aortic aneurysms (TAA). In view of the persistent perioperative mobidity and mortality, endovascular stent-graft placement as a minimally invasive and potentially safer treatment for aneurysm of the descending aorta was introduced in 1992. Since then, progress has been made and several institutions have substantiated the safety and effectiveness of stent grafts in the repair of descending TAAs or type-B aortic dissections. Currently, both custom-designed, home-made, and commercially available stent grafts are used. Prior to placement of the endoprosthesis, three major prerequisites must be considered: the localization and morphology of the aneurysm; the distal vascular access of sufficient size; and a limited tortuosity of the abdominal and thoracic aorta. Although short-term results are encouraging, severe complications, including paraplegia, cerebral strokes, and aortic rupture, have been encountered. The long-term durability of currently available stent-graft systems is nonexistent and material fatigue are of major concern to both surgeons and radiologists. Nevertheless, endovascular stent-graft placement could become the procedure of choice in a substantial number of patients with descending TAA. (orig.)

Thurnher, Siegfried A. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, Wien (Austria); Grabenwoeger, Martin [Department of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery, University of Vienna (Austria)

2002-06-01

287

Endovascular Stent-Graft Applications in Iatrogenic Vascular Injuries  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To report the results of covered stent applications in iatrogenic vascular injuries. Methods: We report 17 patients (11 men, 6 women; age range 20-59 years, mean age 40 years) who underwent repair of differentiatrogenic vascular lesions by means of endovascular covered stents.The patient population consisted of 8 femoral arteriovenous fistulae, 4 common femoral artery pseudoaneurysms, 1 subclavian artery pseudoaneurysm, 1 abdominal aortic aneurysm, 1 iliac artery perforation, 2 porto-biliary fistulae that developed during TIPS procedure. Balloon-expandable stent-grafts were used in all patients except one. Control studies were performed with angiography. Results: Technical success was achieved in all 17 patients.The mean clinical follow-up period for all 17 patients was 8 months.There were no signs of stent migration or leaks in the control studies.Only one patient developed a hemodynamically insignificant stenosis at the proximal end of the stent. There have been no stent deformations or related complications during the follow-up period. Conclusion: Our short-term results suggest that endovascular treatment is a low-risk procedure and appears less invasive than surgery for the treatment of different types of iatrogenic vascular injuries. Intermediate and long-term results are not available

2003-09-01

288

Surgical approach of endovascular exclusion for thoracic aortic dissection  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the surgical approach of endovascular exclusion for thoracic dissection. Methods: Thirty-seven cases of Stanford B type thoracic aortic dissection were undergone endovascular exclusion (EVE) and had been studied retrospectively. Preoperative evaluations for delivery arteries, including common femoral artery, iliac artery, and abdominal aorta, were carried out by using duplex ultrasonography (US), computed tomographic angiography (CTA) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Factors such as arterial calibers, stenosis, tortuosity, sclerotic plaque and media dissection were taken into account. Choices of surgical approach were decided after comprehensive consideration of these factors. If the common femoral artery inner diameter was wider than 8 mm, without severe iliac artery stenosis or tortuosity; the common femoral artery should be selected as the delivery artery. In case of severe arterial stenosis and tortuosities, then the common iliac arteries were exposed by retroperitoneal approach and graft was delivered through this artery. Results: Mural sclerotic plaques were more sensitive to be revealed by US, conversely with CTA and MRA in showing stenosis and tortuosity directly and clearly. Utilizing this preoperative evaluating system, all the grafts passed successfully and favourably through the arteries, without any delivery artery associated complications. Conclusions: Using US, CTA and MRA in combination was necessary for preoperative evaluation of the delivery artery. In those with poor femoral artery condition, exposing common iliac artery decidedly is necessary to ensure the procedure favorably and to avoid delivery artery associated complications

2003-08-01

289

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Treatments  

Science.gov (United States)

... Angiography Angioplasty and stent placement Cancer - bone Cancer - breast Cancer - kidney Cancer - liver Cancer - lung Deep vein thrombosis Endovascular Treatment of CCSVI for MS Gastrostomy (feeding tubes) Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia Hypertension and end-stage renal disease ...

290

Rotura de aorta torácica descendente: Tratamiento endoprotésico Descending thoracic aortic rupture, endoprosthetic treatment  

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Full Text Available La rotura de la aorta, independientemente de su localización y etiología, es una afección extremadamente grave que conduce a la muerte rápidamente. En el momento actual no hay consenso sobre si el tratamiento endovascular de la rotura de la aorta torácica descendente es superior al tratamiento quirúrgico convencional a medio y largo plazo. En esta serie, de 13 casos, describimos nuestra experiencia y evaluamos los resultados en pacientes tratados de forma endoprotésica desde enero de 2005 hasta enero de 2009.Aortic rupture, independently of its location and etiology, is an extremely serious condition that leads to death rapidly. There is currently no consensus on whether endovascular treatment of the descending thoracic aortic rupture is superior to conventional surgical repair in terms of mid-or long-terms outcome. We describe our experience with 13 patients from January 2005 to January 2009 to evaluate the results in patients with descending thoracic aortic rupture undergoing endoprosthetic management.

A. Fernández Carmona

2011-05-01

291

Endovascular Repair of Complex Aortic Aneurysms: Intravascular Ultrasound Guidance with an Intracardiac Probe  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To assess the accuracy and efficacy of intravascular ultrasound guidance obtained by an intracardiac ultrasound probe during complex aortic endografting. Between November 1999 and July 2002, 19 patients (5 female, 14 male; mean age 73.5 ± 2.1 years) underwent endovascular repair of thoracic (n = 10), complex abdominal (n = 6) and concomitant thoraco-abdominal (n = 3) aortic aneurysm. The most suitable size and configuration of the stent-graft were chosen on the basis of preoperative computed tomographic angiography (CTA) or magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Intraoperative intravascular ultrasound imaging was obtained using a 9 Fr, 9 MHz intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) probe, 110 cm in length, inserted through a 10 Fr precurved long sheath. The endografts were deployed as planned by CTA or MRA. Before stent-graft deployment, the ICE probe allowed us to view the posterior aortic arch and descending thoraco-abdominal aorta without position-related artifacts, and to identify both sites of stent-graft positioning. After stent-graft deployment, the ICE probe allowed us to detect the need for additional modular components to internally reline the aorta in 11 patients, and to discover 2 incomplete graft expansions subsequently treated with adjunctive balloon angioplasty. In 1 patient, the ICE probe supported the decision that the patient was ineligible for the endovascular exclusion procedure. The ICE probe provides accurate information on the anatomy of the posterior aortic arch and thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms and a rapid identification of attachment sites and stent-graft pathology, allowing refinement and improvement of the endovascular strategy

2003-09-01

292

Abdominal surgery  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A new art of ''interventional radiology'' has been developed in the past few years. Major applications include postoperative instrumentation of the biliary tract, percutaneous biliary drainage, tumor biopsy, abscess drainage, and intestinal-intubation procedures. Intervention by angiography encompasses injection of such substances as Pitressin (vasopressin), and embolization. These procedures have been of immense value. Fortunately, complications, such as sepsis and bleeding, have been infrequent. Computerized body tomography has also proved extremely important, particularly in the diagnosis of subphrenic abscess and pancreatic and pelvic pathology. /sup 99m/Tc-labeled-erythrocyte scans can be used to detect gastrointestinal bleeding sites. Scans can also identify hepatobiliary disease and splenic injury or differentiate the cause of jaundice. _1_1_1Indium-labeled autologous leukocytes may be useful in differentiating a pancreatic abscess from a pseudocyst. The advantage of indium scans over _6_7Ga scans is that a shorter time is required for maximum resolution: gallium requires 48 hours, indium 4. Another advantage is that indium is cleared through the liver and spleen and is not secreted into the bowel. _6_7Ga is absorbed by lymphomas and hepatocarcinomas. Nuclear magnetic resonance has many possible uses in abdominal surgery, but so far little information is available. This technique has been used to detect an empyema of the gallbladder that was not diagnosed by ultrasound. Among hepatic lesions, it can easily differentiate tumors from cysts and in that regard is superior to both ultrasound and scan

1983-03-31

293

Abdominal aortic aneurysm: Treatment options, image visualizations and follow-up procedures  

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Full Text Available Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a common vascular disease that affects elderly population. Open surgical repair is regarded as the gold standard technique for treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm, however, endovascular aneurysm repair has rapidly expanded since its first introduction in 1990s. As a less invasive technique, endovascular aneurysm repair has been confirmed to be an effective alternative to open surgical repair, especially in patients with co-morbid conditions. Computed tomography (CT angiography is currently the preferred imaging modality for both preoperative planning and post-operative follow-up. 2D CT images are complemented by a number of 3D reconstructions which enhance the diagnostic applications of CT angiography in both planning and follow-up of endovascular repair. CT has the disadvantage of high cummulative radiation dose, of particular concern in younger patients, since patients require regular imaging follow-ups after endovascular repair, thus, exposing patients to repeated radiation exposure for life. There is a trend to change from CT to ultrasound surveillance of endovascular aneurysm repair. Medical image visualizations demonstrate excellent morphological assessment of aneurysm and stent-grafts, but fail to provide hemodynamic changes caused by the complex stent-graft device that is implanted into the aorta. This article reviews the treatment options of abdominal aortic aneurysm, various image visualization tools, and follow-up procedures with use of different modalities including both imaging and computational fluid dynamics methods. Future directions to improve treatment outcomes in the follow-up of endovascular aneurysm repair are outlined.

Zhong-Hua Sun

2012-03-01

294

Physical aspects of endovascular brachytherapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Restenosis is severely limiting the outcome of vascular interventions. In several clinical trials endovascular brachytherapy has shown to reduce the restenosis rate. Local radiotherapy to the injured vessel wall is a promising new type of treatment in order to inhibit a complex wound healing process resulting in cell proliferation and re-obstruction of the treated vessel. Treatment planning has to be based on the dose distribution in the vicinity of the sources used. Source strength was determined in terms of air kerma rate for gamma nuclides (Iridium-192) and absorbed dose to water at reference distance of 2 mm for beta nuclides (Strontium-90/Yttrium-90, Phosphor-32), respectively. Radial dose profiles and the Reference Isodose Length (RIL) were determined using the EGSnrc code and GafChromic film. Good agreement was found between both methods. In order to treat the entire clinical target length, the (RIL) is an essential value during treatment planning. Examples are described for different levels of treatment planing including recommendations for optimal choice and positioning of the radioactive devices inside the artery. IVUS based treatment planning is illustrated with superposition of isodoses on cross-sectional images. A calculation model for radioactive stents is presented in order to determine dose volume histograms in a retrospective analysis. Radiation protection issues for endovascular brachytherapy are discussed in detail. Personal dose for the involved personnel is estimated based on calculations and measurements. Beta ray dosimetry is performed with suitable detectors. In order to estimate the exposure to the patient the dose to organs at risk is calculated and compared to the dose from angiography. There is an additional radiation exposure to patients and personnel caused by endovascular brachytherapy, but the values are much smaller than those caused by diagnostic angiography. (author)

2001-01-01

295

Endovascular strategies for treatment of embolizing thoracoabdominal aortic lesions  

Science.gov (United States)

Objective Aortic sources of peripheral and visceral embolization remain challenging to treat. The safety of stent graft coverage continues to be debated. This study reports the outcomes of stent coverage of these complex lesions. Methods Hospital records were retrospectively reviewed for patients undergoing aortic stenting between 2006 and 2013 for visceral and peripheral embolic disease. Renal function, method of coverage, and mortality after stent grafting were reviewed. Results Twenty-five cases of embolizing aortic lesions treated with an endovascular approach were identified. The mean age was 65 ± 13 years (range, 45–87 years), and 64% were female. Sixteen (64%) patients presented with peripheral embolic events, six with concomitant renal embolization. Five patients presented with abdominal or flank pain, and two were discovered incidentally. Three patients had undergone an endovascular procedure for other indications within the preceding 6 months of presentation. Nineteen patients had existing chronic kidney disease (stage II or higher), but only three had stage IV disease. Of the eight patients tested, four had a diagnosed hypercoagulable state. Eight of the patients had lesions identified in multiple aortic segments, and aortic aneurysm disease was present in 24%. Coverage of both abdominal and thoracic sources occurred in eight patients, whereas 17 had only one segment covered. Minimal intraluminal catheter and wire manipulation was paired with the use of intravascular ultrasound in an effort to reduce embolization and contrast use. Intravascular ultrasound was used in the majority of cases and transesophageal echo in 28% of patients. Two patients with stage IV kidney disease became dialysis-dependent within 3 months of the procedure. No other patients had an increase in their postoperative or predischarge serum creatinine levels. No embolic events were precipitated during the procedure, nor were there any recurrent embolic events detected on follow-up. The 1-year mortality rate was 25%. Conclusions Endovascular coverage of atheroembolic sources in the aorta is feasible and is safe and effective in properly selected patients. It does not appear to worsen renal function when performed with the use of specific technical strategies.

Jeyabalan, Geetha; Wallace, Justin R.; Chaer, Rabih Antoine; Leers, Steven A.; Marone, Luke Keith; Makaroun, Michel S.

2014-01-01

296

Endovascular treatment of a primary aortoduodenal fistula: 2-year follow-up of a case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose is to evaluate the role of endovascular management for primary aortoduodenal fistula in poor surgical risk patients. A 70-year-old-man was admitted at the emergency room of our hospital with recurrent upper-gastrointestinal bleeding. A diagnostic workup was suggestive of a primary aortoduodenal fistula caused by erosion of an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Intractable cardiac arrhythmia, recurrent hemorrhage, and poor patient condition were compatible with an exceedingly high surgical risk. The fistula was successfully treated, and gastrointestinal bleeding was eliminated with placement of a Lifepath endoluminal aortoiliac stent graft. At the 21-month follow-up, the patient was not presenting with symptoms and signs of graft infection, and radiologic studies confirmed decreasing aneurysm size without associated signs of local sepsis. Endovascular stent grafts can efficiently arrest massive exsanguination in critically ill patients with primary aortoenteric fistula. The risk of graft infection remains the most serious problem associated with this approach. PMID:17595397

Papacharalambous, Gerasimos; Skourtis, Georgios; Saliveros, Apostolos; Karagannidis, Dimitrios; Makris, Sotirios; Panousis, Panagiotis; Ktenidis, Kiriakos

2007-01-01

297

Endovascular treatment of excessive spasticity from spinal cord injury. A case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

Summary: We report a new treatment for excessive spasticity using an endovascular technique. A 52-year-old woman with intractable spasticity of the hip joints and abdominal muscles was treated with an injection of 70% alcohol into Adamkiewicz's artery, which destroyed the spinal cord fed by Adamkiewicz's artery and cut the reflex arcs of excessive spasticity. Immediately after the treatment a significant change was noticed in muscle tonicity of the lower extremities, and intractable spasticity disappeared. Skin necrosis and muscle damage occurred because of the alcohol that leaked into the muscle branch of the subcostal artery. However, these complications could be treated by simple necrotomy. No recurrence was observed during the follow-up period. We believe this endovascular treatment will become a new strategy for excessive spasticity arising from spinal cord injury. PMID:20673461

Iwakoshi, T; Yamada, H; Yamamoto, H; Shiozawa, Z; Miyachi, S; Negoro, M; Yoshida, J

1998-11-30

298

Finite-element-based matching of pre- and intraoperative data for image-guided endovascular aneurysm repair.  

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Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms is a well-established technique throughout the medical and surgical communities. Although increasingly indicated, this technique does have some limitations. Because intervention is commonly performed under fluoroscopic control, 2-D visualization of the aneurysm requires the injection of a contrast agent. The projective nature of this imaging modality inevitably leads to topographic errors, and does not give information on arterial wall quality...

Dumenil, Aure?lien; Kaladji, Adrien; Castro, Miguel; Esneault, Simon; Lucas, Antoine; Rochette, Michel; Goksu, Cemil; Haigron, Pascal

2013-01-01

299

Surgical and endovascular procedures for treating isolated iliac artery aneurysms: ten-year experience.  

Science.gov (United States)

Characteristics of atherosclerotic isolated iliac artery aneurysms (IAAs) and various strategies for their treatment were assessed retrospectively. The computerized medical records of 18 patients who underwent surgical or endovascular treatment of an IAA during the 10 years from April 1993 to March 2003 at our university hospital were reviewed to obtain information on patient demographics, risk factors, type of IAA treatment, and outcome. Additional data were obtained by mail and telephone. Patients with an IAA were compared with 168 patients treated for an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) also at our institution. Early in the series of isolated IAA repairs, patients underwent prosthetic graft interposition ( n = 7) or thromboexclusion ( n = 4). Subsequently, patients had either endovascular thromboembolization ( n = 4) or endovascular thromboembolization with femorofemoral crossover bypass ( n = 3). No perioperative deaths occurred in the series. Deep venous thrombosis developed postoperatively in one patient; there were no other serious complications. The cumulative patency rate for the implanted interposition grafts during the mean observation time of 5.5 years was 100%. No endoleakage was observed after the endovascular procedures. In the long-term, five patients died of causes unrelated to the IAA treatment. A statistical analysis revealed no significant differences between the IAA group and the AAA group with respect to atherosclerotic risk factors. In conclusion, open surgical procedures to repair isolated IAAs generally have a good outcome, although the risk of injury to adjacent iliac veins remains. Endovascular treatments appear to have some advantages, but studies including long-term follow-up are needed to assess the efficacy and durability of prosthetic grafts used for these procedures. PMID:15457361

Matsumoto, Kenji; Matsubara, Kentaro; Watada, Susumu; Akiyoshi, Takurin; Inoue, Fumihiko; Kaneda, Munehisa; Shintani, Tsunehiro; Kitajima, Masaki

2004-08-01

300

Correção endovascular do aneurisma de artéria poplítea bilateral / Endovascular repair of bilateral popliteal artery aneurysm  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O primeiro relato de correção endovascular do aneurisma de artéria poplítea bem-sucedida foi descrito em 1994. Desde então, poucas séries e com apenas alguns casos foram publicadas. A seguir, os autores descrevem dois casos de correção endovascular de aneurisma de artéria poplítea bilateral realizad [...] a com sucesso. Abstract in english The first report of a successful endovascular repair of a popliteal artery aneurysm was described in 1994. Since then, few series with not many cases have been published. Next, the authors describe two cases of successful endovascular repair of bilateral popliteal artery aneurysm. [...

Medeiros, Charles Angotti Furtado de; Gaspar, Ricardo José.

 
 
 
 
301

Correção endovascular do aneurisma de artéria poplítea bilateral Endovascular repair of bilateral popliteal artery aneurysm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available O primeiro relato de correção endovascular do aneurisma de artéria poplítea bem-sucedida foi descrito em 1994. Desde então, poucas séries e com apenas alguns casos foram publicadas. A seguir, os autores descrevem dois casos de correção endovascular de aneurisma de artéria poplítea bilateral realizada com sucesso.The first report of a successful endovascular repair of a popliteal artery aneurysm was described in 1994. Since then, few series with not many cases have been published. Next, the authors describe two cases of successful endovascular repair of bilateral popliteal artery aneurysm.

Charles Angotti Furtado de Medeiros

2006-12-01

302

Effects of electrocautery to provoke endovascular thermal injury / Efeitos do eletrocautério para provocar lesão térmica endovascular  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Investigar os efeitos de um modelo experimental de eletrocautério em provocar lesão venosa térmica endovascular. MÉTODOS: O eletrocautério endovascular foi colocado dentro de oito modelos experimentais de veia safena bovina. Cada uma foi dividida em oito segmentos e intensidades progressiv [...] as de energia elétrica liberada. Os efeitos macroscópicos e microscópicos foram analisados. RESULTADOS: Foram estudados quarenta segmentos de veia safena bovina. Quanto maior a energia elétrica aplicada pelo eletrocauterizador endovascular maiores foram as alteraçoes de picnose nuclear e mais intensa a retração citoplasmática observada. CONCLUSÃO: O eletrocautério endovascular experimental demonstrou ser capaz de induzir a destruição da camada íntima e provocar lesão térmica endovascular. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of a new electrocautery device to provoke endovascular venous thermal injury. METHODS: An experimental endovascular electrocautery was placed inside eight ex-vivo bovine saphenous veins models. Each one was divided in eight segments and progressive intensities of [...] electric energy liberated. The macroscopic and microscopic effects were analyzed. RESULTS: Forty bovine saphenous veins segments were studied. The higher the electric energy applied the greater the nuclear picnosis and more intense the cytoplasmatic shrinkage and electrocoagulation effects. CONCLUSION: The experimental endovascular electrocautery device demonstrated to be both capable of inducing the destruction of the intimal layers of the studied vein model and provoke endovascular thermal injury.

Rossi, Fabio Henrique; Izukawa, Nilo Mitsuru; Silva, Domingos Guerino; Chen, Juliana; Prakasan, Akash Kuzhiparambil; Zamorano, Mabel Moura Barros; Silva, Lílian Mary.

303

Tratamiento quirúrgico de la isquemia mesentérica crónica, revisión de la literatura y presentación de un caso / Surgical treatment of chronic mesenteric ischemia: Literature review and case presentation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los problemas vasculares mesentéricos son infrecuentes pero, cuando se presentan, pueden ser catastróficos. La isquemia mesentérica crónica es una entidad caracterizada por la obstrucción de los vasos mesentéricos; se manifiesta por dolor abdominal después de las comidas, desnutrición y miedo a come [...] r. La mortalidad de la isquemia aguda es de 50 a 70 %. El manejo quirúrgico es la terapia de elección con excelentes resultados. El objetivo del tratamiento de la isquemia mesentérica crónica es solucionar los síntomas con un procedimiento efectivo y duradero, disminuyendo el riesgo de isquemia aguda. El tratamiento óptimo aun es discutido aunque la cirugía abierta se considera el método de referencia del manejo; no obstante, se asocia a una morbimortalidad importante. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con una isquemia mesentérica crónica, que se manejó con cirugía abierta y excelente resultado clínico y nutricional. Se hace una revisión extensa de la literatura científica actual. Abstract in english Mesenteric vascular problems are infrequent, but may be catastrophic. Chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) is a morbid disease that results from progressive stenotic disease of the mesenteric vessels. CMI presents with postprandial abdominal pain, inanition, fear of food And weight loss. Untreated,The [...] mortality in acute intestinal ischemia is high (50%-70%). Vascular reconstruction is remarkably successful in relieving the symptoms of chronic intestinal ischemia . The goal of treatment for CMI is a safe and effective revascularization that provides the patient with immediate and durable relief of symptoms, minimal procedural risk, and protection from morbidity and mortality associated with intestinal ischemia. Optimal treatment for patients with CMI remains controversial and challenging. Open surgical revascularization is still considered the standard of care, but may be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We presented a patient with severe abdominal pain after meals, repeatedly. Angiography revealed severe stenosis and occlusion of the super mesenteric artery (SMA). Endovascular treatment was initially unsuccessful, after that we did a open bypass with full clinical and nutritional recovery.

Jiménez, César E; Valencia, Álex; Correa, Juan Rafael.

304

Evaluation of patient renal function following endovascular aneurysm repair with suprarenal fixation  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available This study aimed to assess the mid-term renal function of abdominal aortic aneurysm patients following suprarenal endovascular repair. From March 2005 to December 2009, 290 abdominal aortic aneurysm patients were included in the study and grouped according to whether they had received infrarenal or suprarenal endovascular aneurysm repair. Suprarenal endovascular aneurysm repair was performed in 173 patients, with a mean age of 72(±8 years (85.0% male. Infrarenal endovascular aneurysm repair was performed in 117 patients, with a mean age of 71(±9 years (90.6% male. Preoperative and one week, 1-, 3-, 6- and 12-month postoperative serum creatinine and cystatin C values were recorded. Estimated glomerular filtration rate was calculated by cystatin-based formula and Cr-based Cockcroft formula. The t-test was used to determine statistical differences between or within groups. All patients received Talent or Zenith endograft. Patients’ characteristics and operative files in the two groups were well matched. Preoperative serum creatinine and cystatin C were 82 (±8 mmol/L and 0.89 (±0.11 mg/L for suprarenal endovascular aneurysm repair, respectively, and 81 (±11 mmol/L and 0.87 (±0.15 mg/L, respectively, for infrarenal endovascular aneurysm repair; no differences were observed between the two groups. Compared to preoperative renal markers within each group, a deterioration in serum creatinine, cystatin C and estimated glomerular filtration rate values was found at one week and 12 months after surgery?P<0.05. A deterioration in cystatin C [SR:(0.93±0.17 mg/L, IR: (0.92±0.31 mg/L] and estimated glomerular filtration rate by cystatin C was also found at six months after surgery?P<0.05. However, no differences in patient serum creatinine, cystatin C and estimated glomerular filtration rate values were observed between groups at each follow-up time interval. There was no greater significant difference in the association of the use of suprarenal fixation with midterm postoperative renal injury than with infrarenal fixation.

BaiMeng Zhang

2011-04-01

305

Pseudoaneurysm after abdominal myomectomy: A rare but catastrophic complication  

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Full Text Available Background: Uterine artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare diagnosis made postoperatively after pelvic surgery. The exact etiology is unknown however it is speculated to occur when an artery is lacerated and the perivascular tissue maintains persistent blood flow with the parent vessel. It can present with severe hemorrhage two to four weeks after an uncomplicated post operative course. Case: A 45 year old presented with vaginal hemorrhage and hypotension two weeks after abdominal myomectomy. Transvaginal ultrasound with doppler diagnosed pseudoaneurysm of the uterine artery. The patient was successfully treated with endovascular embolization utilizing micro coils. Conclusion: Transvaginal ultrasound is a useful technique in diagnosing pseudoaneurysms. Endovascular embolization is a minimally invasive, safe and effective way to treat this rare complication in institutions that have access to interventional radiology procedures.

May-Tal Sauerbrun-Cutler

2013-01-01

306

[The first case of one stage endovascular treatment of the stenosis in the celiac trunk, bilateral renal arteries, and right common iliac arteries].  

Science.gov (United States)

Although not very often diagnosed, the acute and chronic mesenterial ischemia is advancing and life threatening condition. When associated with multivascular pathology compromising the perfusion and causing multiple organ failure the choice of treatment is a challenge. In such cases the radical surgical treatment is associated with high morbidity and mortality. In recent years endovascular methods of treatment (angioplasty and stenting) are gaining popularity in the treatment of these patients. We report a case of chronic mesenteric ischemia that caused abdominal angina and weight loss in a 63-year-old man with renovasal hypertension, renal insufficiency and peripheral vascular disease. Angiographic study revealed multivascular pathology including total occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery, 90% stenosis of the celiac trunk, bilateral high grade renal stenoses and obstructive pathology of both iliac arteries. One stage successful endovascular treatment was performed in the three vascular territories. In the Celiac trunk, left renal artery and right common iliac artery were implanted stents. A double right renal artery was treated successfully with kissing balloon. A clinical follow-up demonstrated success with no recurrence of abdominal pain, body weight gain, better control of the hypertension and improvement of the renal function. This is the first reported case of one stage endovascular treatment of a visceral artery, bilateral renal arteries and iliac artery. This case report illustrates the value of endovascular treatment in a patient with atherosclerotic narrowing of multiple abdominal visceral arteries. PMID:15641560

Petrov, I; Grozdinski, L; Dzhorgova, Iu; Chervenkov, V; Iliev, N; Karamfilov, K; Zakhariev, T; Chirkov, A

2003-01-01

307

Emergency endovascular treatment of popliteal aneurysms.  

Science.gov (United States)

Popliteal artery aneurysm (PAA), despite being rare, is the most common peripheral aneurysm. It can present as acute thrombosis and occlusion of the aneurysmal segment, and distal embolization, causing either chronic or acute limb ischemia. It has traditionally been treated with open surgical reconstruction. Endovascular repair of PAAs has recently been applied electively with a favourable early and mid-term outcome; however there is a lack of reports on the endovascular treatment of PAAs presenting with acute complications. This report describes the treatment of a thrombosed PAA in a 58 year old male using an endovascular stent-graft and also provides a systematic review of the literature on the emergency endovascular treatment of PAAs. PMID:21411464

Saratzis, Athanasios; Melas, Nikolaos; Dixon, Hannah; Saratzis, Nikolaos

2010-12-01

308

Aortic Branch Artery Pseudoaneurysms Associated with Intramural Hematoma: When and How to Do Endovascular Embolization  

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To describe when and how to perform endovascular embolization of aortic branch artery pseudoaneurysms associated with type A and type B intramural hematoma (IMH) involving the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta (DeBakey I and III) that increased significantly in size during follow-up. Sixty-one patients (39 men; mean {+-} standard deviation age 66.1 {+-} 11.2 years) with acute IMH undergoing at least two multidetector computed tomographic examinations during follow-up for 12 months or longer were enrolled. Overall, 48 patients (31 men, age 65.9 {+-} 11.5) had type A and type B IMH involving the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta (DeBakey I and III). Among the 48 patients, 26 (54 %; 17 men, aged 64.3 {+-} 11.4 years) had 71 aortic branch artery pseudoaneurysms. Overall, during a mean follow-up of 22.1 {+-} 9.5 months (range 12-42 months), 31 (44 %) pseudoaneurysms disappeared; 22 (31 %) decreased in size; two (3 %) remained stable; and 16 (22 %) increased in size. Among the 16 pseudoaneurysms with increasing size, five of these (three intercostal arteries, one combined intercostobronchial/intercostal arteries, one renal artery), present in five symptomatic patients, had a significant increase in size (thickness >10 mm; width and length >20 mm). These five patients underwent endovascular embolization with coils and/or Amplatzer Vascular Plug. In all patients, complete thrombosis and exclusion of aortic pseudoaneurysm and relief of back pain were achieved. Aortic branch artery pseudoaneurysms associated with type A and type B IMH involving the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta (DeBakey I and III) may be considered relatively benign lesions. However, a small number may grow in size or extend longitudinally with clinical symptoms during follow-up, and in these cases, endovascular embolization can be an effective and safe procedure.

Ferro, Carlo; Rossi, Umberto G., E-mail: urossi76@hotmail.com; Seitun, Sara [IRCCS San Martino University Hospital, IST, National Institute for Cancer Research, Department of Radiology and Interventional Radiology (Italy); Scarano, Flavio; Passerone, Giancarlo [IRCCS San Martino University Hospital, IST, National Institute for Cancer Research, Department of Cardiac Surgery (Italy); Williams, David M. [University of Michigan Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Division of Vascular and Interventional Radiology (United States)

2013-04-15

309

Endovascular Management of Acute Limb Ischemia.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

Despite major advances in pharmacologic and endovascular therapies, acute limb ischemia (ALI) continues to result in significant morbidity and mortality. The incidence of ALI may be as high as 13-17 cases per 100,000 people per year, with mortality rates approaching 18% in some series. This review will address the contemporary endovascular management of ALI encompassing pharmacologic and percutaneous interventional treatment strategies.

Hynes, Brian G

2011-09-14

310

Endovascular aortic repair: First twenty years  

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Endovascular aortic/aneurysm repair (EVAR) was introduced into clinical practice at the beginning of the nineties. Its fast development had a great influence on clinicians, vascular surgeons and interventional radiologists, educational curriculums, patients, industry and medical insurance. The aim of this paper is to present the contribution of clinicians and industry to the development and advancement of endovascular aortic repair over the last 20 years. This review article presents th...

2012-01-01

311

Tracheoinnominate fistula: successful management with endovascular stenting.  

Science.gov (United States)

Tracheoinnominate fistula is a rare complication of tracheostomy that is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality. Recently, endovascular stents have been described as a viable treatment option for the management of this condition. We report a case of tracheoinnominate fistula in a 40-year-old man that was successfully managed with endovascular stent placement. Our evaluation included bronchoscopy, arteriography, and computed tomographic angiography. Intraoperative localization of the fistula required selective catheterization of the innominate artery. PMID:21792799

Shepard, Peter M; Phillips, Jeffrey M; Tefera, Girma; Hartig, Gregory K

2011-07-01

312

Acute vasculitis after endovascular brachytherapy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Angioplasty effectively relieves coronary artery stenosis but is often followed by restenosis. Endovascular radiation (? or ?) at the time of angioplasty prevents restenosis in a large proportion of vessels in swine (short term) and humans (short and long term). Little information is available about the effects of this radiation exposure beyond the wall of the coronary arteries. Methods and Materials: Samples were obtained from 76 minipigs in the course of several experiments designed to evaluate endovascular brachytherapy: 76 of 114 coronary arteries and 6 of 12 iliac arteries were exposed to endovascular radiation from 32P sources (35 Gy at 0.5 mm from the intima). Two-thirds of the vessels had angioplasty or stenting. The vessels were systematically examined either at 28 days or at 6 months after radiation. Results: We found an unexpected lesion: acute necrotizing vasculitis in arterioles located ?2.05 mm from the target artery. It was characterized by fibrinoid necrosis of the wall, often associated with lymphocytic exudates or thrombosis. Based on the review of perpendicular sections of tissue samples, the arterioles had received between 6 and 40 Gy. This arteriolar vasculitis occurred at 28 days in samples from 51% of irradiated coronary arteries and 100% of irradiated iliac arteries. By 6 months, the incidence of acute vasculitis decreased to 24% around the coronary arteries. However, at that time, healing vasculitis was evident, often with luminal narrowing, in 46% of samples. Vasculitis was not seen in any of 44 samples from unirradiated vessels (0%) and had no relation to angioplasty, stenting, or their sequelae. This radiation-associated vasculitis in the swine resembles the localized lymphocytic vasculitis that we have reported in tissues of humans exposed to external radiation. On the other hand, it is quite different from the various types of systemic vasculitis that occur in nonirradiated humans. Conclusion: Endoarterial brachytherapy using 32P results in vascular effects beyond the adventitia of the target vessel. This necrotizing vasculitis is causally related to radiation, but its mechanism is unclear and a dose effect is not evident. Quite possibly, local upregulation of inflammatory cytokines contributes to this radiation-associated vasculitis, which only involved some of the arterioles in each sample. It is likely that radiation-associated vasculitis also occurs around human coronary arteries and may result in foci of ischemia. To our knowledge, this lesion has not been previously recognized, either in experimental models or in human specimens examined after angioplasty/brachytherapy

2002-07-01

313

Staged endovascular stent-grafting and surgical treatment of a secondary aortoduodenal fistula.  

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Secondary aortoenteric fistula is a dramatic, rather infrequent late complication occurring mostly after abdominal aortic surgery. Currently, graft excision and in situ bypass is considered the treatment of choice, but it is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Herein, we describe the case of a secondary aortoduodenal fistula treated by staged endovascular stent-grafting and surgical closure of the fistula. Forty days after stent-grafting, Tc-99m-HMPAO labelled leukocyte scanning failed to identify leukocyte infiltration of the graft and there were no clinical signs of infection. At 8-month follow up, the patient was asymptomatic. PMID:16269256

Biancari, F; Romsi, P; Perälä, J; Koivukangas, V; Cresti, R; Juvonen, T

2006-01-01

314

Vestibulopatia por lesão endovascular em cateterismo de urgência / Vestibular system paresis due to emergency endovascular catheterization  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste relato de caso é descrever uma causa incomum de vestibulopatia periférica associada à perda auditiva unilateral em paciente idoso pós- cateterismo de urgência. RELATO DE CASO: Paciente do gênero masculino, 82 anos, submetido à correção de aneurisma roto de aorta abdominal, [...] no intra-operatório sofreu infarto agudo do miocárdio necessitando de angioplastia primária. Após alta hospitalar refere queixa de hipoacusia acentuada à direita e vertigem incapacitante, sem sinais neurológicos focais. Ao exame clínico otorrinolaringológico apresentava: Teste de Weber lateralizado para a esquerda, nistagmo espontâneo para a esquerda , marcha oscilante, leve disbasia e ataxia, índexnariz e diadococinesia normais, Teste de Romberg com oscilação sem queda e Fukuda com desvio lateral para a direita. O exame audiométrico evidenciava anacusia à direita e perda neurossensorial à esquerda em agudos, arreflexia vestibular à direita na prova calórica e, na tomografia computadorizada dos ossos temporais e tronco-encefálico, presença de haste metálica atravessando o osso temporal direito, a partir da veia jugular interna e bulbo jugular, atravessando os canais semicirculares posterior, superior e vestíbulo, projetando-se em lobo temporal. O diagnóstico radiológico foi lesão traumática por guia endovascular metálico durante cateterismo de urgência e a conduta, considerando que o paciente não havia compensado o equilíbrio, foi reabilitação vestibular. CONCLUSÃO: Queixas de tontura no paciente idoso devem ser criteriosamente avaliadas diante do seu histórico clínico patológico pois os antecedentes de doenças e tratamentos prévios, em geral, direcionam as hipóteses diagnósticas porém podem trazer alterações inesperadas. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The objective of this story of case is to describe an uncommon cause of associated peripheral Vestibulopathy to the unilateral auditory loss in aged patient after catheterization of urgency. STORY OF CASE: Patient of the masculine sort, 82 years, submitted to the correction of abdominal r [...] agged aneurism of aorta, in the intra-operative suffered heart attack acute from the myocardium needing primary angioplasty. High after hospital it relates to complaint of accented hearing loss to the right and crippling vertigo, without focal neurological signals. To the otorhinolaryngological clinical examination it presented: Test of Weber lateralized for the left, spontaneous nystagmus for the left, marches rocking, has taken normal disbasia and ataxia, index-nose and diadochokinesia, Test of Romberg with oscillation without fall and Fukuda with lateral shunting line for the right. The audiometric examination evidenced deafness to the right and sensorineural loss to the left in sharps, areflexia initial to the right in caloric test e, the computerized tomography of the secular bones and brainstem, presence of metallic connecting rod crossing the right secular bone, from the vein internal jugular vein and bulb jugular vein, crossing the posterior, superior and vestibule semicircular canals, projecting itself in temporal lobe. The radiological diagnoses was traumatic injury for guide to endovascular metallic during catheterization of urgency and the behavior, considering that the patient had not compensated the balance, it was vestibular rehabilitation. CONCLUSION: Complaints of giddiness in the aged patient must be closely evaluated of its pathological clinical description because the antecedents of illnesses and previous treatments, in general, direct the diagnostic hypotheses however they can bring unexpected alterations.

Lucinda, Simoceli; Danilo Anunciatto, Sguillar; Henrique Mendes Paiva, Santos; Camilla, Caputti.

315

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

Medline Plus

Full Text Available X-Plain Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Reference Summary Introduction Ballooning of the aorta, also known as an "abdominal aortic aneurysm," can lead to life threatening bleeding. Doctors may ...

316

Linfangioma abdominal: Caso clínico / Abdominal lymphangioma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El linfangioma abdominal es una patología poco frecuente, benigna que corresponde a una malformación congénita del desarrollo linfático mesentérico y/o retroperitoneal. Es más frecuente en población infantil. Objetivo: Reportar un caso con presentación atípica de linfangioma. Caso clínico: Paciente [...] de 2 años varón, previamente sano, que se presenta con dolor abdominal, luego lipotimia y palidez generalizada tras recibir un masaje abdominal. Al examen físico se encontró una masa abdominal, sin hepatomegalia, esplenomegalia ni adenopatías palpables. Presentaba un hematocrito de 17,3%. La Ecografía mostró una gran masa retrope-ritoneal con áreas anecogénicas y septos vascularizados. La TAC mostró hallazgos similares: masa quísti-ca, lobulada probablemente determinada por linfangioma abdominal. Se realizó extirpación quirúrgica y la biopsia confirma el diagnóstico. Discusión: El linfangioma abdominal es una patología infrecuente en niños. La presentación clínica es variable, puede ser desde asintomático hasta presentarse con abdomen agudo. Se requiere estudio imagenológico para su evaluación preoperatoria. La ecografía y TAC tienen un importante rol diagnóstico, en localización, tamaño, anatomía circundante y posibles complicaciones. Abstract in english Abdominal lymphangioma is a rare benign congenital malformation of the mesenteric and/or retroperitoneal lymphatics, more frequent in pediatrics. Objective: To report a case with unusual clinical presentation of lymphangioma. Clinical Case: A two-year old boy previously health who presented with abd [...] ominal pain, lipothymia, and generalized pallor ensuing an abdominal massage. Abnormal findings included an abdominal mass and Ht of 17.3%. Sonogram showed a large retroperitoneal mass with anechogenic areas and vasculari-zed septi. CT scans showed similar results. Surgical removal and biopsy confirmed the diagnosis. Discusion: Abdominal lymphangioma is uncommon in children, presentation varies from asymptomatic to acute abdomen. Images are essential in diagnosis and pre-op studies.

Ignacia, Torrealba A; Florencia, De Barbieri M.

317

Abdominal aortic aneurysm and concomitant malignancy: what treatment?  

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The association of neoplasm and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), although rare, may represents a therapeutic dilemma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1990 and December 2004 in our departement 127 patients were submitted because of an AAA, in 8 cases there was an association with a neoplasm, in the greater part being a colon cancer. In 3 cases we performed a one stage surgery, in 1 case the chose was for a two stage surgery, for 3 patients we opted for an endovascular treatment by an en...

2006-01-01

318

Failure of aneurysm sac shrinkage after endovascular repair; the effect of mural calcification  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

AIM: To evaluate the effect of abdominal aortic aneurysm wall calcification on subsequent sac shrinkage after endovascular repair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-three patients underwent endovascular aneurysm repair. The degree of sac wall calcification on pre-procedural computed tomography (CT) examination was graded from 1 to 4 according to the degree of circumferential involvement. On follow-up CT imaging, the maximum transverse diameter (MTD) of the sac was recorded, as well as the presence or absence of endoleak. In those patients with a non-shrinking aneurysm, but no CT evidence of endoleak, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (USS) was performed. Any patient with an endoleak, however diagnosed, was excluded from the study. Kruskal-Wallis and Spearman's rank correlation coefficient testing was applied to compare the degree of calcification and change in MTD. RESULTS: Sixty-three pre-procedural CT images were available for calcification grading. Six of this group had endoleaks resulting in 57 sets of data being available for the study. A reduction in MTD occurred in 68.25% of these patients by 1 year post-procedure. Our figures show aortic calcification is inversely associated with MTD reduction at 6 months (p=0.01), 1 year (p=0.05) and 2 years (p=0.05). CONCLUSION: This study indicates that the degree of aortic wall calcification is significant in predicting MTD reduction post-endovascular repair. The possible mechanisms and implications of this are discussed.

Love, M. [Department of Radiology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: mark.love@royalhospitals.n-i.nhs.uk; Wray, A. [Department of Radiology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast (United Kingdom); Worthington, M. [Department of Radiology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast (United Kingdom); Ellis, P. [Department of Radiology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast (United Kingdom)

2005-12-15

319

Results of open pararenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: Tabular review of the literature.  

Science.gov (United States)

Open surgical repair of complex abdominal aortic aneurysms requires more extensive dissection and aortic clamping above the renal or mesenteric arteries. Although results of open surgical series have shown variation, morbidity and mortality is higher compared with infrarenal aortic aneurysm repair. Potential complications include renal insufficiency, mesenteric ischemia, multisystem organ failure, and death. Although endovascular treatment with fenestrated and branched endografts might potentially decrease the risk of complications and mortality, its role is not yet defined and the technology is not widely available. Issues related to durability of the procedure and secondary interventions might limit its application to patients with higher risk or those with hostile anatomy. This article summarizes the clinical results of open surgical repair of pararenal abdominal aortic aneurysms to provide a benchmark for comparison with results of endovascular treatment, using fenestrated and branched techniques. PMID:21172590

Tallarita, Tiziano; Sobreira, Marcone L; Oderich, Gustavo S

2011-01-01

320

The role of gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging in the preoperative evaluation of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm is an uncommon variant of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Thorough preoperative imaging of the extent of the aneurysm and inflammation and the associated complications are crucial in the management of this condition. We report a case of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm where, after the initial contrast-enhanced CT, gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging was used to define the true extent of the inflammation and differentiate inflammation from mural thrombus at the iliac extension of the aneurysm. The imaging appearances are presented and the impact of MR imaging on further surgical management options including endovascular repair are discussed. (orig.)

2002-01-01

 
 
 
 
321

The role of gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging in the preoperative evaluation of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm is an uncommon variant of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Thorough preoperative imaging of the extent of the aneurysm and inflammation and the associated complications are crucial in the management of this condition. We report a case of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm where, after the initial contrast-enhanced CT, gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging was used to define the true extent of the inflammation and differentiate inflammation from mural thrombus at the iliac extension of the aneurysm. The imaging appearances are presented and the impact of MR imaging on further surgical management options including endovascular repair are discussed. (orig.)

Anbarasu, A.; McWilliams, R.G. [Department of Radiology, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Prescot Street, Liverpool, L7 8XP (United Kingdom); Harris, P.L. [Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Prescot Street, Liverpool, L7 8XP (United Kingdom)

2002-07-01

322

Hybrid treatment of bullet embolism at the abdominal aortic bifurcation, complicated with thoracoabdominal aorta pseudoaneurysm and common iliac artery occlusion: case report / Tratamento híbrido de embolia por projétil de arma de fogo em bifurcação aórtica abdominal complicada com pseudoaneurisma de aorta tóraco-abdominal e oclusão de artéria ilíaca comum: relato de caso  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A embolização por projétil de arma de fogo na circulação sanguínea é rara e de difícil suspeição no atendimento inicial ao trauma. Relatamos e discutimos um caso de embolia em bifurcação aórtica abdominal complicada com pesudoaneurisma de aorta tóraco-abdominal e oclusão de artéria ilíaca comum dire [...] ita, tratada de forma efetiva pelos métodos endovascular e cirúrgico convencional. Abstract in english Embolization due to a firearm projectile entering the bloodstream is a rare event that is unlikely to be suspected during initial treatment of trauma patients. We describe and discuss a case of bullet embolism of the abdominal aortic bifurcation, complicated by a pseudoaneurysm of the thoracoabdomin [...] al aorta and occlusion of the right common iliac artery, but successfully treated using a combination of endovascular methods and conventional surgery.

Patrick Bastos, Metzger; Rafael Borges, Monteiro; Maria Luiza Leite de, Medeiros; Willian Guidini, Lima; Vinicius, Bertoldi; Fabio Henrique, Rossi; Nilo Mitssuru, Izukawa; Antônio Massamitsu, Kambara.

323

Endovascular advances for brain arteriovenous malformations.  

Science.gov (United States)

Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the brain represent unique challenges for treating physicians. Although these lesions have traditionally been treated with surgical resection alone, advancements in endovascular and radiosurgical therapies have greatly expanded the treatment options for patients harboring brain AVMs. Perhaps no subspecialty within neurosurgery has seen as many advancements over a relatively short period of time as the endovascular field. A number of these endovascular innovations have been designed primarily for cerebral AVMs, and even those advancements that are not particular to AVMs have resulted in substantial changes to the way cerebral AVMs are treated. These advancements have enabled the embolization of cerebral AVMs to be performed either as a stand-alone treatment, or in conjunction with surgery or radiosurgery. Perhaps nothing has impacted the treatment of brain AVMs as substantially as the development of liquid embolics, most notably Onyx and n-butyl cyanoacrylate. However, of near-equal impact has been the innovations seen in the catheters that help deliver the liquid embolics to the AVMs. These developments include flow-directed catheters, balloon-tipped catheters, detachable-tipped catheters, and distal access catheters. This article aims to review some of the more substantial advancements in the endovascular treatment of brain AVMs and to discuss the literature surrounding the expanding indications for endovascular treatment of these lesions. PMID:24402496

Crowley, R Webster; Ducruet, Andrew F; McDougall, Cameron G; Albuquerque, Felipe C

2014-02-01

324

Aortoduodenal fistula six weeks after EVAR for abdominal aortic aneurysm: a case report.  

Science.gov (United States)

The technique of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm has markedly improved over the years, showing a lower 30-day mortality rate compared to the open technique. Despite improvements, the percentage of reinterventions remains high due to late failure. A rare but severe complication of EVAR is the development of an aortoduodenal fistula, which has a very high mortality rate. The pathogenesis still remains unclear. PMID:19803277

Tromp, H R; Vercauteren, S; Nevelsteen, A

2009-01-01

325

Primary aorto-enteric fistula: A rare complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

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A 70-year-old lady presented with recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding and septicemia caused by multiple enteric pathogens. She was diagnosed to have primary aorto-enteric fistula (PAEF) complicating abdominal aortic aneurysm. Endovascular aneurysm repair was carried out that arrested gastrointestinal bleeding, but despite prolonged antibiotic therapy the patient died a month later of probable sepsis. PAEF refers to abnormal communication between the aorta and the intestine resulting from dise...

Thomson V; Gopinath K; Joseph E; Joseph G

2009-01-01

326

Dolor Abdominal persistente / Persistent abdominal pain  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El dolor abdominal es un motivo frecuente de consulta en atención primaria y urgencias, y constituye el síntoma más común en patología digestiva. La invaginación intestinal consiste en la introducción de una porción de intestino en otro distal y constituye una causa poco habitual de dolor abdominal [...] en adultos, no obstante supone la causa mas frecuente de obstrucción intestinal en lactantes y niños menores de 5 años. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 14 años con dolor abdominal persistente por invaginación intestinal. Abstract in english Abdominal pain is a frequent complain in primary care and emergency departments, and is the most common symptom in gastrointestinal disorders. Intussusception occurs when a segment of bowel invaginates into the distal bowel and it is not a common cause of abdominal pain in adults, however, it is the [...] most common cause of intestinal obstruction in infants and children under 5 years. We report a case of a fourteen year old girl with persistent abdominal pain due to intussusception.

Beatriz, Valero Serrano; Pablo, Franquelo Morales; Juan Ramón, Toledo Gómez; Pedro, Fernández Iglesias.

327

Anastomotic pseudoaneurysms after surgical reconstruction: Outcomes after endovascular repair of symptomatic versus asymptomatic patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To compare perioperative and follow-up outcomes of symptomatic versus asymptomatic patients following endovascular repair of anastomotic pseudoaneurysms (APAs) of the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 17 patients (two women), with a mean age of 66.2 years (range 30–83 years). Endovascular treatment was performed in ten symptomatic, and seven asymptomatic patients electively. Data included technical success, perioperative (within 30 days) mortality and morbidity, as well as stent graft-related complications, reinterventions, and survival in follow-up. Results: Bifurcated (n = 13), aortomonoiliac (n = 3) endoprosthesis and one aortic cuff were implanted with a primary technical success rate of 100%. The overall in-hospital mortality and morbidity rate was 11.8% and 35.3%. The mean survival was 36.5 (range 0–111) months. There was a clear trend toward a lower overall survival within hospital and at one and three years for symptomatic patients compared to asymptomatic patients. (47.7 (CI: 0–138.8) versus 52.6 (CI: 28.5–76.8) months (p = 0.274)). During follow-up, late stent graft related complications were observed in six patients (35.3%) necessitating eight endovascular reinterventions. Additional three patients with primary fistulas between the APA and the intestine were treated by late surgical revision. Conclusion: Endovascular therapy of APAs represents a considerable alternative to open surgical repair. Short proximal anchoring zones still pose a risk for endoleaks and unintentional overstenting of side branches with commercially available devices, but this might be overcome by use of fenestrated and branched stent grafts in elective cases.

2012-07-01

328

Renal aneurysms: surgical vs. endovascular treatment.  

Science.gov (United States)

Renal artery aneurysms (RAA) are rare (general population incidence is 0.09%). At this time, the appropriateness of the type of intervention ? surgical or endovascular ? is based on single center experiences rather than large randomized trials. Endovascular therapy offers less morbidity but surgery has excellent long-term results. In reality, the choice of the treatment relies on the operative risk. A patient with a RAA and good surgical risk should be offered open surgery. If the patient is deemed to be at high risk from surgery then the choice of the type of endovascular treatment (stent grafting, coil/glue embolization, multilayer stenting) should be based on the location and shape of the RAA. RAA should be treated by surgeons/interventionalists who have demonstrated expertise in renal artery procedures. PMID:21577189

Chisci, E; Setacci, F; de Donato, G; Cappelli, A; Palasciano, G; Setacci, C

2011-06-01

329

Endovascular management of may-thurner syndrome.  

Science.gov (United States)

May-Thurner syndrome or iliac vein compression syndrome is associated with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) resulting from chronic compression of the left iliac vein against lumbar vertebrae by the overlying right common iliac artery. Historically, May-Thurner syndrome has been treated with anticoagulation therapy. However, this therapy can be problematic when given alone, because it prevents the propagation of the thrombus without eliminating the existing clot. Furthermore, it does not treat the underlying mechanical compression. Consequently, syndrome who was managed by anticoagulation therapy alone, there is a significant chance that the patient will develop recurrent deep vein thrombosis or post thrombotic syndrome or both. Recently, both retrospective and prospective studies have suggested that endovascular management should be front-line treatment; endovascular management actively treats both the mechanical compression with stent placement and the thrombus burden with chemical dissolution. We report our case of 53 years old male patient with May Thurner syndrome who managed by endovascular treatment. PMID:23555515

Ibrahim, Wael; Al Safran, Zakareya; Hasan, Hosam; Zeid, Wael Abu

2012-01-01

330

Pasturella multicoda infection of an abdominal aortic endograft  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Both surgical and endovascular grafts have the rare risk of late secondary infection. Treatment varies based on the clinical setting, but in general the recommendations are that infected endografts be removed and reconstruction performed. In the abdominal aorta this may vary from homograft or other impregnated grafts to excision and extra-anatomic bypass. We discuss an unusual case which we believe serves as a useful review of this still debated area. A 58-year-old male presented with abdominal and back pain. Prior history was notable for human immunodeficiency virus positive status, pulmonary embolism (currently on Coumadin and two years previously repair of a saccular infra-renal aneurysm with tube graft. The week prior to the onset of symptoms he suffered a noticeable scratch from his cat. Blood cultures were positive for pasturella multicoda. He was transferred to our institution and underwent resection and explantation, with homograft reconstruction. At one year he is alive and well.

Desarom Teso

2013-01-01

331

MicroRNAs in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are an important source of morbidity and mortality in the U.S. and worldwide. Treatment options are limited, with open surgery or endovascular repair remaining the only curative treatments. Classical cardiovascular medications have generally failed to prevent or significantly alter AAA formation or progression. Therefore, there is a tremendous need for better therapeutic approaches. With increasing knowledge of microRNA (miR) regulation in the context of cardiovascular disease, and with improving technical options permitting alteration of miR-expression levels in vitro and in vivo, we are offered a glimpse into the diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities of using miRs to treat vascular pathobiology. This review focuses on the role of miRs in aneurysmal disease of the abdominal aorta, summarizing recent publications regarding this topic, and outlining known effects of relevant miRs in AAA formation, including miR-21 and miR-29b. Despite there being only limited studies available, several other miRs also display clear potential for alteration of the disease process including miR-26a, the miR-17-92-cluster, miRs-221/222, miR-133 and miR-146a. While studies have shown that miRs can regulate the activity and interplay of vascular inflammatory cells, endothelial cells, smooth muscle cells and fibroblasts, all key elements leading to AAA formation, much work remains to be done. PMID:23713862

Adam, Matti; Raaz, Uwe; Spin, Joshua M; Tsao, Philip S

2013-05-13

332

Repair of bilateral common iliac artery aneurysm by potentially reversible, unilateral internal iliac artery embolisation followed by endovascular Y-stenting.  

Science.gov (United States)

Bilateral common iliac artery (CIA) aneurysms are rare, but more frequently symptomatic than abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). In elderly patients with coexisting medical problems, transluminal and/or endovascular procedures are preferred to avoid the risk of morbidity and mortality associated with further general anesthesia and surgery. However, bilateral internal iliac artery (IIA) occlusion during endovascular repair might be associated with significant morbidity, including gluteal claudicatio, and ischemia of the sigmoid colon and perineum. In the presented case report we describe the successful repair of bilateral CIA aneurysms by a total transluminal and endovascular approach. The potentially reversible embolisation of the less diseased IIA with detachable latex balloons preceded the implantation of a bilateral endovascular Y-stent. Both CIA aneurysms were successfully excluded from circulation. No complications were noted and the patient could be discharged four days after surgery. Probationary detachable balloon embolisation of the IIA followed by implantation of an endovascular bifurcated stentgraft is a safe technique. It allows clinical monitoring of acute ischemic complications before bilateral IIA occlusion by the stentgraft. In comparison to coil embolisation these balloons may be easier to remove if for instance, an external-internal iliac artery bypass is needed. Percutaneous balloon puncture might be another option to reverse acute ischemia. PMID:12945105

Nett, P C; Pfammatter, T; Turina, M; Lachat, M L

2003-05-01

333

Primary aortoenteric fistula and endovascular repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

Primary aortoenteric fistulae are difficult conditions to diagnose and manage. A 35-year-old male developed massive upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage due to a primary aortoduodenal fistula. Previous radiation therapy and retroperitoneal lymph node dissection for germ cell cancer with resultant dense retroperitoneal fibrosis made open aortic repair impossible. Endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta and stent graft repair of the primary aortoduodenal fistula was performed. At 1-year follow-up, there is no clinical or radiographic evidence of stent-graft infection. Endovascular techniques and repair are important approaches to consider during the management of complicated primary aortoenteric fistulae when open surgical repair is not feasible. PMID:19640906

Jayarajan, Senthil; Napolitano, Lena M; Rectenwald, John E; Upchurch, Gilbert R

2009-12-01

334

Lower respiratory tract infection and rapid expansion of an abdominal aortic aneurysm: a case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abstract Introduction The rate of abdominal aortic aneurysm expansion is related to multiple factors. There is some evidence that inflammation can accelerate aneurysm expansion. However, the association between pulmonary sepsis and rapid abdominal aortic aneurysm expansion is rarely reported. Case presentation Here we present a case of a rapidly expanding abdominal aortic aneurysm in a 68-year-old Caucasian man with a concomitant lower respiratory tract infection and systemic sepsis requiring intensive monitoring and urgent endovascular intervention. Our patient had an uncomplicated post-operative recovery and a follow-up computed tomography scan at one month demonstrated no evidence of an endoleak. Conclusion This case highlights the potential association between pulmonary sepsis and rapid abdominal aortic aneurysm expansion. In such cases, a policy of frequent monitoring should be adopted to identify those patients requiring definitive management.

Puppala Sapna

2010-10-01

335

Abdominal aortic aneurysm: value of post-operative follow up  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To demonstrate the usefulness of the CT Angiography (CTA) in the detection of complications after treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Material and methods: In a 55 patients series (49 male, 6 female; mean age 63,5 years) CTA was performed as post-treatment control; 42 (76,4%) patients had endovascular stent graft placement and 13 (23,6%) patients open surgical aneurysm repair. Results: 16 complications were detected, 8 cases in the post-endovascular stent-graft placement's group and 8 cases in the post open surgical repairs' one. All the diagnosis were confirmed by digital angiography or surgical treatment. In the first group (endoluminal repair), the complications were: a) Periprosthetic hematoma (n=1); b) Neointimal hyperplasia (n=1); c) Partial stent-graft thrombosis (n=1); d) Total stent-graft thrombosis of an iliac branch (n=1); e) Endoleak type II (n=3); f) Endoleak type III (n=1). In the second group (surgical repair) we observed: a) Periprosthetic infections (n=3); b) Supraprosthetic aneurysm (n=1); c) Pseudoaneurysm (n=2); d) Aortoenteric fistula (n=2). Conclusions: CTA is an accurate, fast and minimally invasive imaging method in the evaluation of complications after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. (author)

2000-01-01

336

Endometrioma de parede abdominal / Abdominal wall endometrioma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese RACIONAL: A incidência exata da endometriose na população geral é desconhecida. A confirmação desta doença só é possível através da análise histopatológica de um fragmento obtido por algum procedimento invasivo, pois não existe até o momento, nenhum marcador clínico seguro. OBJETIVO: Relatar a exper [...] iência com as manifestações clínicas e o tratamento cirúrgico em pacientes com endometrioma de parede abdominal. MÉTODO: Análise retrospectiva das pacientes operadas por endometrioma de parede abdominal, dando ênfase aos dados relativos à idade, sintomas, cesariana prévia, relação dos sintomas com o ciclo menstrual, exames físicos e complementares, tratamento cirúrgico, evolução pósoperatória e resultado histopatológico dos espécimes. RESULTADOS: Foram operadas 14 pacientes no período estudado, com idade entre 28 e 40 anos. A presença de massa e dor local que piorava durante a menstruação foram as queixas principais. Ultrassonografia e tomografia computadorizada foram exames importantes em localizar precisamente a doença. O tratamento cirúrgico foi exérese ampla da tumoração e dos tecidos comprometidos. As pacientes evoluíram satisfatoriamente e o histopatológico confirmou a suspeita de endometrioma de parede abdominal em todos os casos. CONCLUSÂO: Foi nítida a relação entre cesariana prévia e endometrioma de parede abdominal e estudos ultrassonográficos e tomográficos auxiliaram a planejar a abordagem cirúrgica permitindo a exérese da tumoração e de todos os tecidos adjacentes comprometidos. Abstract in english BACKGROND: The exact incidence of endometriosis in the general population is unknown. Confirmation of this disease is only possible by histopathological analysis of a fragment obtained by some invasive procedure, because there is so far, no clinical secure marker. AIM: To report the experience with [...] the clinical manifestations and surgical treatment in patients with abdominal wall endometrioma. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of patients operated for abdominal wall endometrioma with emphasis on data relating to age, symptoms, previous cesarean, relation of symptoms with the menstrual cycle, physical examinations and additional surgical treatment, postoperative course and histopathological results of specimens. RESULTS: Forteen patients were operated during the study period, aged between 28 and 40 years. The presence of local mass and pain that worsened during menstruation were the main complaints. Ultrasound and CT examinations were important to precisely localize the disease. Surgical excision was a wide excision of the tumor and affected tissues. The patient progressed satisfactorily and histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of abdominal wall endometrioma in all cases. CONCLUSION: Exists a clear relationship between cesarean operation and abdominal wall endometrioma; ultrasound studies and CT scans help to plan the surgical resection allowing resection of tumor and all affected adjacent tissues.

Accetta, Italo; Accetta, Pietro; Accetta, André Figueiredo; Maia, Francisco José Santos; Oliveira, Ana Paula Félix de Andrade.

337

Endometrioma de parede abdominal / Abdominal wall endometrioma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Relatar a experiência dos autores com as manifestações clínicas e o tratamento cirúrgico em pacientes com endometrioma de parede abdominal. MÉTODOS: Análise retrospectiva das pacientes operadas por endometrioma de parede abdominal, dando ênfase aos dados relativos à idade, sintomas, cesari [...] ana prévia, relação dos sintomas com o ciclo menstrual, exames físicos e complementares, tratamento cirúrgico, evolução pós-operatória e resultado histopatológico dos espécimes. RESULTADOS: Foram operadas 14 pacientes no período estudado, com idade entre 28 e 40 anos. A presença de massa e dor local que piorava durante a menstruação foram as queixas principais. Ultrassonografia e tomografia computadorizada foram exames importantes em localizar precisamente a doença. O tratamento cirúrgico foi exérese ampla da tumoração e dos tecidos comprometidos. As pacientes evoluíram satisfatoriamente e o histopatológico confirmou a suspeita de endometrioma de parede abdominal em todos os casos. CONCLUSÃO: Foi nítida a relação entre cesariana prévia e endometrioma de parede abdominal e estudos ultrassonográficos e tomográficos auxiliaram a planejar a abordagem cirúrgica permitindo a exérese da tumoração e de todos os tecidos adjacentes comprometidos. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To report the authors' experience with the clinical manifestations and surgical treatment of abdominal wall endometriomas. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients operated for abdominal wall endometrioma was carried out, with emphasis on age, symptoms, previous cesarean, relation of [...] symptoms with the menstrual cycle, physical examinations and additional surgical treatment, postoperative course and histopathological results of specimens. RESULTS: Fourteen patients were operated during the study period, aged between 28 and 40 years. The presence of a local mass and pain that worsened during menstruation were the main complaints. Ultrasound and Computerized Tomography examinations were important in the precise location of the disease. Surgical excision was wide, invooving the tumor and affected tissues. The patients progressed satisfactorily and histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of abdominal wall endometrioma in all cases. CONCLUSION: There was a clear relationship between cesarean section and abdominal wall endometrioma. Ultrasound studies and CT scans helped to plan the surgical approach, allowing resection of the tumor and all adjacent affected tissues.

Italo, Accetta; Pietro, Accetta; André Figueiredo, Accetta; Francisco José Santos, Maia; Ana Paula Félix de Andrade, Oliveira.

338

Endovascular Treatment of Chronic Mesenteric Ischemia: Results in 14 Patients  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We evaluated immediate and long-term results of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and stent placement to treat stenotic and occluded arteries in patients with chronic mesenteric ischemia. Fourteen patients were treated by 3 exclusive celiac artery (CA) PTAs (2 stentings), 3 cases with both Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA) and CA angioplasties, and 8 exclusive SMA angioplasties (3 stentings). Eleven patients had atheromatous stenoses with one case of an early onset atheroma in an HIV patient with antiphospholipid syndrome. The other etiologies of mesenteric arterial lesions were Takayashu arteritis (2 cases) and a postradiation stenoses (1 case). Technical success was achieved in all cases. Two major complications were observed: one hematoma and one false aneurysm occurring at the brachial puncture site (14.3%). An immediate clinical success was obtained in all patients. During a follow-up of 1-83 months (mean: 29 months), 11 patients were symptom free; 3 patients had recurrent pain; in one patient with inflammatory syndrome, pain relief was obtained with medical treatment; in 2 patients abdominal pain was due to restenosis 36 and 6 months after PTA, respectively. Restenosis was treated by PTA (postirradiation stenosis), and by surgical bypass (ath