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TRATAMIENTO PERCUTÁNEO CON PRÓTESIS ENDOVASCULAR DE COARTACIÓN DE AORTA ABDOMINAL EN UN ADULTO / Percutaneous treatment with endovascular prosthesis of abdominal aortic coarctation in an adult  

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Full Text Available Resumen: La coartación de la aorta abdominal es una afección vascular no hereditaria poco frecuente, que afecta a hombres y mujeres por igual. Recientemente ha sido nombrada como “Síndrome aórtico medio”, y los hallazgos clínicos son similares a los de la CoAo típica. Para el diagn?stico, se debe recurrir a la resonancia magnética o a la arteriografía, y las opciones terapéuticas incluyen la dilatación percutánea con catéter-globo, el tratamiento quirúrgico y, por último, como opción más novedosa, la implantación de prótesis endovasculares. En este artículo presentamos el caso de una mujer de 45 años de edad, exfumadora, con antecedentes de artritis reumatoidea e hipertensión arterial que presentaba claudicación de miembros inferiores durante la marcha. Existía una disminución bilateral marcada de los pulsos femorales y el Doppler, y mostró un componente amortiguado en ambas arterias femorales y poplíteas. La AngioTAC encontró una estenosis significativa del tercio distal de la aorta abdominal infrarrenal, con hipoplasia marcada de la ilíaca derecha. La aortografía corroboró el diagnóstico (gradiente de 80 mmHg. A través de dos introductores arteriales por las arterias femorales se avanzaron dos catéteres-globo MATCH-35 de 5.0x80 mm que se inflaron simultáneamente y posteriormente, se implantó un stent MEDTRONIC “Bridge Assurant” de 10 x 30 mm en el segmento estenótico, sin complicaciones. El gradiente residual fue de 10 mmHg. La paciente evolucionó favorablemente y fue egresada a las 24 horas del procedimiento. / Abstract: Coarctation of the abdominal aorta is an uncommon, non-inherited vascular condition that affects men and women alike. It has been recently named as "middle aortic syndrome", and the clinical findings are similar to those of typical aortic coarctation. For diagnosis, one must make use of magnetic resonance imaging or arteriography, and therapeutic options include percutaneous balloon catheter dilatation, surgical treatment and, finally, as a more novel option, the implantation of stents. In this paper we present the case of a 45-year-old female, ex-smoker with a history of rheumatoid arthritis and hypertension who presented claudication of lower limbs during gait. There was a marked bilateral decrease of the femoral and Doppler pulses, and showed a damping factor in both femoral and popliteal arteries. The CT angiography found a significant stenosis of the distal third of the infrarenal abdominal aorta with marked hypoplasia of the right iliac. Aortography confirmed the diagnosis (gradient of 80 mmHg. Using two arterial sheaths, two-balloon catheters MATCH-35, 5.0x80 mm were introduced through femoral arteries, simultaneously inflated and subsequently a MEDTRONIC "Bridge Assurant" stent of 10x30 mm was implanted in the stenotic segment; with no complications. The residual gradient was 10 mmHg. The patient improved and was discharged form the hospital 24 hours after the procedure.

Luis Felipe Vega Fleites

2010-12-01

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Tratamiento endovascular de aneurisma aórtico abdominal: resultados en 80 pacientes consecutivos Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: Results in 80 consecutive patients  

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Full Text Available Background: Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA avoids laparotomy, shortens hospital stay and reduces morbidity and mortality related to surgical repair, allowing full patient recovery in less time. Aim: To report short and long term results of endovascular repair of AAA in 80 consecutive patients treated at our institution. Patients and Methods: Between September 1997 and February 2005, three women and 77 men with a mean age 73.6±7.7 years with AAA 5.8±1.0 cm in diameter, were treated. The surgical risk of 38% of patients was grade III according to the American Society of Anesthesiologists classification. Each procedure was performed in the operating room, under local or regional anesthesia, with the aid of digital substraction angiography. The endograft was deployed through the femoral artery (83.7% bifurcated, 16.3% tubular graft. A femoro-femoral bypass was required in 11.3% of cases. Follow-up included a spiral CT scan at 1, 6 and 12 months postoperatively, and then annually. Results: Endovascular repair was successfully completed in 79/80 patients (98.7% technical success. The procedures lasted 147±71 min. Length of stay in the observation unit was 20.6±13.5 h. Blood transfusion was required in 10%. Sixty two percent of the patients were discharged before 72 h. One patient died 8 days after surgery due to a myocardial infarction (1.3%. During follow-up (3-90 months, 1 patient developed late AAA enlargement due to a type I endoleak, requiring a new endograft. No AAA rupture was observed. Survival at 4 years was 84.2% (SE =9.2. Endovascular re-intervention free survival was 82.7% (SE =9.5. Conclusion: Endovascular surgery allows effective exclusion of AAA avoiding progressive enlargement and/or rupture and is a good alternative to open repair. Close and frequent postoperative follow up is mandatory

Francisco Valdés E

2006-10-01

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Tratamiento endovascular de aneurisma aórtico abdominal: resultados en 80 pacientes consecutivos / Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: Results in 80 consecutive patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) avoids laparotomy, shortens hospital stay and reduces morbidity and mortality related to surgical repair, allowing full patient recovery in less time. Aim: To report short and long term results of endovascular repair of AAA in 80 co [...] nsecutive patients treated at our institution. Patients and Methods: Between September 1997 and February 2005, three women and 77 men with a mean age 73.6±7.7 years with AAA 5.8±1.0 cm in diameter, were treated. The surgical risk of 38% of patients was grade III according to the American Society of Anesthesiologists classification. Each procedure was performed in the operating room, under local or regional anesthesia, with the aid of digital substraction angiography. The endograft was deployed through the femoral artery (83.7% bifurcated, 16.3% tubular graft). A femoro-femoral bypass was required in 11.3% of cases. Follow-up included a spiral CT scan at 1, 6 and 12 months postoperatively, and then annually. Results: Endovascular repair was successfully completed in 79/80 patients (98.7% technical success). The procedures lasted 147±71 min. Length of stay in the observation unit was 20.6±13.5 h. Blood transfusion was required in 10%. Sixty two percent of the patients were discharged before 72 h. One patient died 8 days after surgery due to a myocardial infarction (1.3%). During follow-up (3-90 months), 1 patient developed late AAA enlargement due to a type I endoleak, requiring a new endograft. No AAA rupture was observed. Survival at 4 years was 84.2% (SE =9.2). Endovascular re-intervention free survival was 82.7% (SE =9.5). Conclusion: Endovascular surgery allows effective exclusion of AAA avoiding progressive enlargement and/or rupture and is a good alternative to open repair. Close and frequent postoperative follow up is mandatory

Francisco, Valdés E; Renato, Mertens M; Albrecht, Krämer Sch; Michel, Bergoeing R; Leopoldo, Mariné M; Roberto, Canessa B; Alvaro, Huete G; Jeanette, Vergara G; Magaly, Valdebenito C; Dixiana, Rivera D.

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Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

The operative mortality following conventional abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair has not fallen significantly over the past two decades. Since its inception in 1991, endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has provided an alternative to open AAA repair and perhaps an opportunity to improve operative mortality. Two recent large randomised trials have demonstrated the short and medium term benefit of EVAR over open AAA repair, although data on the long term efficacy of the technique are still ...

Norwood, M. G. A.; Lloyd, G. M.; Bown, M. J.; Fishwick, G.; London, N. J.; Sayers, R. D.

2007-01-01

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Endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm  

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Full Text Available Introduction. Rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA is a potentially lethal state. Only half of patients with ruptured AAA reach the hospital alive. The alternative for open reconstruction of this condition is endovascular repair (EVAR. We presented a successful endovascular reapir of ruptured AAA in a patient with a number of comorbidities. Case report. A 60-year-old man was admitted to our institution due to diffuse abdominal pain with flatulence and belching. Initial abdominal ultrasonography showed an AAA that was confirmed on multislice computed tomography scan angiography which revealed a large retroperitoneal haematoma. Because of patient’s comorbidites (previous surgery of laryngeal carcinoma and one-third laryngeal stenosis, arterial hypertension and cardiomyopathy with left ventricle ejection fraction of 30%, stenosis of the right internal carotid artery of 80% it was decided that endovascular repair of ruptured AAA in local anaesthesia and analgosedation would be treatment of choice. Endovascular grafting was achieved with aorto-bi-iliac bifurcated excluder endoprosthesis with complete exclusion of the aneurysmal sac, without further enlargment of haemathoma and no contrast leakage. The postoperative course of the patient was eventless, without complications. On recall examination 3 months after, the state of the patient was well. Conclusion. The alternative for open reconstruction of ruptured AAA in haemodynamically stable patients with suitable anatomy and comorbidities could be emergency EVAR in local anesthesia. This technique could provide greater chances for survival with lower intraoperative and postoperative morbidity and mortality, as shown in the presented patient.

Šarac Momir

2014-01-01

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Infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Endovascular repair with stent grafts  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

As an alternative to surgery, endovascular therapy with stent grafts has become the second main treatment option for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. Unlike surgery, endovascular treatment with stent grafts is also applicable in patients unfit for open repair. Despite current improvements in endovascular repair devices, significant anatomic barriers still exclude this technique for a large number of patients. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound are essential for diagnostics, preintervention planning, and postintervention follow-up of abdominal aneurysms treated with stent grafts. This review covers etiology, pathology, and diagnostic aspects. Materials and methods for endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms are presented in detail, and clinical results and complications are discussed. (orig.)

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Essentials of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair imaging: preprocedural assessment.  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVE. To understand the abdominal aortic aneurysm imaging characteristics that must be accurately described for endovascular aortic aneurysm repair treatment planning, including evaluation of the landing zones, aneurysm morphology, and vascular access.. CONCLUSION. A comprehensive understanding of preprocedural imaging is necessary to produce detailed and clinically useful imaging reports and assist the interventionalist in planning endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. PMID:25247964

Picel, Andrew C; Kansal, Nikhil

2014-10-01

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Surveillance after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

Surveillance after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is widely considered mandatory. The purpose of surveillance is to detect asymptomatic complications, so that early secondary intervention can prevent late aneurysm rupture. CT angiography has been taken as the reference standard imaging test, but there is increasing interest in using other modalities to reduce the use of ionising radiation and iodinated contrast. As a result, there is wide heterogeneity in surveillance strategies used among EVAR centres. We reviewed the current evidence available on the outcomes of different imaging modalities and surveillance strategies following EVAR. PMID:24873921

Tse, Donald M L; Tapping, Charles R; Patel, Rafiuddin; Morgan, Robert; Bratby, Mark J; Anthony, Susan; Uberoi, Raman

2014-08-01

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Endovascular infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair has undergone a revolution since Volodos and Parodi described endoluminal repair in the early 1990s. Subsequent data from large registries have confirmed its efficacy. Randomised controlled trials have shown that although endoluminal repair may not be as cost effective as open repair, it can be performed with a lower mortality in patients fit for open repair. Some European countries (eg, Belgium) have taken the results of these trials to rationalise the number of hospitals able to do endovascular repair. The devices continue to improve and although most require open surgical access at present, in future percutaneous access will become the norm. This article reviews the current state of endoluminal aortic aneurysm repair in the infrarenal aorta. PMID:18195126

Davis, M; Taylor, P R

2008-02-01

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Current Status of Endovascular Devices to Treat Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms  

Science.gov (United States)

The introduction of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair has revolutionized the therapeutic approach to patients with AAA. Due to an on-going and prolific collaboration between vascular interventionalists and biomedical engineers, the devices used to perform endovascular AAA repair have also changed dramatically. The purpose of this publication is to provide an overview of the currently available and upcoming options for endovascular AAA repair.

Eckroth-Bernard, Kamell; Garvin, Robert; Ryer, Evan

2013-01-01

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Complications of Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: A Review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The endovascular procedure for repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms has had an enormous impact on the treatment of this challenging disease. Complications, however, do occur and it is important to have a thorough understanding of the array of complications and appropriate management strategies. In this review of endovascular complications, we describe early and late complications paying particular attention to preventive, treatment and surveillance strategies

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[Infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm: endovascular repair with stent grafts].  

Science.gov (United States)

As an alternative to surgery, endovascular therapy with stent grafts has become the second main treatment option for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. Unlike surgery, endovascular treatment with stent grafts is also applicable in patients unfit for open repair. Despite current improvements in endovascular repair devices, significant anatomic barriers still exclude this technique for a large number of patients. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound are essential for diagnostics, preintervention planning, and postintervention follow-up of abdominal aneurysms treated with stent grafts. This review covers etiology, pathology, and diagnostic aspects. Materials and methods for endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms are presented in detail, and clinical results and complications are discussed. PMID:18712339

Wagner, M; Voshage, G; Busch, T; Landwehr, P

2008-09-01

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[Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms].  

Science.gov (United States)

Eight patients, six men and two women (mean age 67.3 years) were treated for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm by endovascular technique. A bifurcated graft (Mialhe Stentor, Min Tec, France) was used in all cases. The introducing system, with an 18 French diameter, is inserted through an arteriotomy in the common femoral artery. The proximal end of the main part of the graft is placed just distal to the renal arteries, and includes one graft limb, which is placed in the iliac artery on the ipsilateral side. The contralateral graft limb is introduced into a short limb of the main graft through a 10 French introducer, using Seldinger-technique, from the contralateral common femoral artery. All the implantations were successful from both a technical and a clinical point of view. All patients except one were mobilized on the first day after operation and received a normal diet. A thorough preoperative evaluation of the patient with regard to selection of the right size of the implant is necessary, and the implantation must be performed with great attention to technical details. PMID:8644071

Hatlinghus, S; Dale, L G; Nordby, A; Aadahl, P; Lundbom, J; Saether, O D; Myhre, H O

1996-02-28

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic paraanastomotic pseudoaneurysms after surgical reconstruction  

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Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of endovascular treatment of paraaortic postoperative abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysms. Materials and methods: From April 1996 to November 2007 five men with paraaortic postoperative abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm underwent endovascular treatment. Average age was 64.2 years (range 54-73). The average time interval between the primary surgery and endovascular treatment was 12.4 years (4 months-23 years). Three patients were treated by aortouniiliacal stentgrafts and two patients by tube stentgrafts. Results: Technical success rate was 100%. Pseudoaneurysms were primarily excluded from circulation without perioperative complications in all patients. At follow-up (mean 38.5 months) there were no deaths and no endoleaks. In one patient thrombosis of stentgraft was found and it was successfully treated by thrombectomy. All pseudoaneurysms still continued to be excluded from circulation in the last follow-up. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment is minimally invasive, effective and safe option of surgery for paraaortic postoperative pseudoaneurysms.

Cerna, Marie [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Koecher, Martin [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic)], E-mail: martin.kocher@seznam.cz; Utikal, Petr [Department of Surgery, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Koutna, Jirina [Department of Anaestology, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Drac, Petr; Bachleda, Petr [Department of Surgery, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic); Burval, Stanislav; Kozak, Jiri; Thomas, Rohit Philip [Department of Radiology, University Hospital, I. P. Pavlova 6, 775 20 Olomouc (Czech Republic)

2009-08-15

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic paraanastomotic pseudoaneurysms after surgical reconstruction  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of endovascular treatment of paraaortic postoperative abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysms. Materials and methods: From April 1996 to November 2007 five men with paraaortic postoperative abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm underwent endovascular treatment. Average age was 64.2 years (range 54-73). The average time interval between the primary surgery and endovascular treatment was 12.4 years (4 months-23 years). Three patients were treated by aortouniiliacal stentgrafts and two patients by tube stentgrafts. Results: Technical success rate was 100%. Pseudoaneurysms were primarily excluded from circulation without perioperative complications in all patients. At follow-up (mean 38.5 months) there were no deaths and no endoleaks. In one patient thrombosis of stentgraft was found and it was successfully treated by thrombectomy. All pseudoaneurysms still continued to be excluded from circulation in the last follow-up. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment is minimally invasive, effective and safe option of surgery for paraaortic postoperative pseudoaneurysms.

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Neurologic injury after endovascular exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To investigate the mechanism of neurologic injury after endovascular graft exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms and the methods of prevention and treatment. Materials: Since March 1997 to October 2002, endovascular graft exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm have been preformed on 136 patients, with one occurrence of neurologic injury after the operation. The main body-short limb graft was used in this case (Talent) and the operation was successful. The patient complained of bilateral lower extremities pain and disability. Electromusculogram showed bilateral femoral nerve injury. Then the patient was treated with vitamin B12, hyperbaric oxygen and physical therapy for 2 months outcoming with the symptom improvement. Conclusions: Neurologic injury after endovascular graft exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysms is possible due to the occlusion of the lumbar artery during the operation. Early treatment is important and more effective. Later nerve nutrition and physical treatment can improve some symptoms partly

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Conversion to open surgery after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysms repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors describe experience with conversions to open surgery after endovascular abdominal aneurysm repair and evaluate the frequency, causes and results of a total of 7 cases in their series of 165 patients treated over a 10-year period. PMID:16936921

Utikal, Petr; Koecher, Martin; Koutna, Jirina; Bachleda, Petr; Drac, Petr; Cerna, Marie

2006-07-01

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Endovascular management in abdominal visceral arterial aneurysms: A pictorial essay  

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Full Text Available Visceral artery aneurysms (VAAs include aneurysms of the splanchnic circulation and those of the renal artery. Their diagnosis is clinically important because of the associated high mortality and potential complications. Splenic, superior mesenteric, gastroduodenal, hepatic and renal arteries are some of the common arteries affected by VAAs. Though surgical resection and anastomosis still remains the treatment of choice in some of the cases, especially cases involving the proximal arteries, increasingly endovascular treatment is being used for more distal vessels. We present a pictorial review of various intra-abdominal VAAs and their endovascular management.

Tushar K Chattopadhyay

2011-01-01

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Fatal late multiple emboli after endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Case report  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The short term experience of endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) seems promising but long term randomised data are lacking. Consequently, cases treated by endovascular procedures need to be closely followed for potential risks and benefits.

Lindholt, Jes Sanddal

1998-01-01

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Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Patient with Renal Transplant  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Patients with functioning renal transplant who develop abdominal aortic aneurysm can safely be treated with endovascular repair. Endovascular repair of aneurysm avoids renal ischemia associated with cross-clamping of aorta

 
 
 
 
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Endovascular treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

Endovascular repair of ruptured aortic aneurysm (REVAR) has been used worldwide in high volume centres since 1994. Observational studies indicate that this treatment modality is equally as good as or maybe even better than open surgery. Until recently, open surgery was the only treatment option in Denmark, but since 2012 REVAR has been introduced at Odense University Hospital and is now performed around the clock in eligible patients. We present a case report of the first patient in Denmark treated with REVAR and briefly discuss complications, prognosis and cost-effectiveness.

Stenger, Michael; Duvnjak, Stevo

2014-01-01

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Treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: the role of endovascular repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

Rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a significant cause of mortality in the United States. Often asymptomatic, AAA is considered a silent killer because it frequently remains undiagnosed until the time of rupture or the patient's death. Major risk factors, such as smoking, age, sex, race, and family history of aortic aneurysm, affect the formation of AAAs. National screening recommendations and advancements in treatment modalities during the past 20 years have improved morbidity and mortality, especially with the introduction of stent grafts for endovascular repair of the aorta. Endovascular aneurysm repair is less invasive than open surgical repair. This article describes the major risk factors, pathophysiology, and diagnosis of AAA; patient selection for endovascular repair; common adverse events and complications; and perioperative implications for the patient undergoing endovascular repair of an AAA. Knowing the treatment options for patients with AAA who are at high risk for rupture should allow clinicians to determine the best course of immediate and long-term care. Patients who undergo endovascular repair of an AAA should receive lifelong monitoring for complications, especially endoleaks. PMID:25172560

Gordon, Phyllis A; Toursarkissian, Boulos

2014-09-01

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Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Aortocaval Fistula  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aortocaval fistula (ACF) is a rare complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). We report the endovascular repair of an AAA rupture into the inferior vena cava. A 78-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for acute hypotension. She presented with a pulsatile abdominal mass and became rapidly anuric. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed an AAA rupture into the inferior vena cava. The features of the AAA made it suitable for endovascular repair. To prevent pulmonary embolism caused by the presence of sac thrombosis near the vena cava lumen, a temporary vena cava filter was deployed before the procedure. A bifurcated stent-graft was placed with the patient under local anaesthesia, and the AAA was successfully treated. A transient type II endoleak was detected on CT 3 days after endograft placement. At routine follow-up 6 and 12 months after the procedure, the patient was in good clinical condition, and the type II endoleak had sealed completely. Endovascular treatment offers an attractive therapeutic alternative to open repair in case of ACF; however, only small numbers of patients have been treated, and long-term follow-up interval is lacking.

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Tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal em paciente com insuficiência renal crônica Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm in a patient with chronic renal failure  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

A insuficiência renal crônica não-dialítica é uma contra-indicação relativa ao tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta abdominal. O uso de contrastes alternativos, como o gadolínio, além de fornecer imagens de baixa qualidade, está relacionado à nefrotoxicidade. Relatamos um caso de tratamento endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal guiado por eco-Doppler colorido. Um paciente masculino de 82 anos, com aneurisma da aorta abdominal de 55 mm de diâmetro e clearance de c...

Cleoni Pedron; Palis, Ana Carla M.; Arno von Ristow; Alberto Vescovi; Bernardo Massière; José Mussa Cury Filho; Marcus Gress; Antonio Luiz de Medina

2006-01-01

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Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in the geriatric population  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA is a relatively common pathology among the elderly. More people above the age of 80 will have to undergo treatment of an AAA in the future. This review aims to summarize the literature focusing on endovascular repair of AAA in the geriatric population. A systematic review of the literature was performed, including results from endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR registries and studies comparing open repair and EVAR in those above the age of 80. A total of 15 studies were identified. EVAR in this population is efficient with a success rate exceeding 90% in all cases, and safe, with early mortality and morbidity being superior among patients undergoing EVAR against open repair. Late survival can be as high as 95% after 5 years. Aneurysm-related death over long-term follow-up was low after EVAR, ranging from 0 to 3.4%. Endovascular repair can be offered safely in the geriatric population and seems to compare favourably with open repair in all studies in the literature to date.

Athanasios Saratzis

2012-08-01

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: a review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a relatively common disease among the elderly population and may be present in up to 5.9 % of the population aged 80 years. Abdominal aortic aneurysm more than 5 cm in diameter are more prone to rupture, with a significant mortality rate. Conventional surgical treatment is quite effective in the lower surgical risk population; however, in the population with a higher risk level the mortality and morbidity significantly increase. The development of less invasive techniques to treat AAA derived from the necessity to reduce the morbidity and mortality. The development of the endovascular endoprostheses was a significant landmark in the management of those patients with AAA, particularly the ones with increased risk. Although the stent-graft technology is still in its infancy, a large amount of information is available and an attempt to summarize this experience is presented herein. An extensive review of the stent-graft technology is presented, including variations in design and classification of the several systems available. Technical aspects of the use of endovascular prostheses are presented, as well as the most recent outcome information available. The problems of endoleaks is discussed and the techniques for treatment and outcomes presented. Finally, a summary of specific information on most of the devices available is presented. (orig.)

Uflacker, R. [Department of Radiology, Interventional Radiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC (United States); Robison, J. [Dept. of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC (United States)

2001-05-01

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: a review  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a relatively common disease among the elderly population and may be present in up to 5.9 % of the population aged 80 years. Abdominal aortic aneurysm more than 5 cm in diameter are more prone to rupture, with a significant mortality rate. Conventional surgical treatment is quite effective in the lower surgical risk population; however, in the population with a higher risk level the mortality and morbidity significantly increase. The development of less invasive techniques to treat AAA derived from the necessity to reduce the morbidity and mortality. The development of the endovascular endoprostheses was a significant landmark in the management of those patients with AAA, particularly the ones with increased risk. Although the stent-graft technology is still in its infancy, a large amount of information is available and an attempt to summarize this experience is presented herein. An extensive review of the stent-graft technology is presented, including variations in design and classification of the several systems available. Technical aspects of the use of endovascular prostheses are presented, as well as the most recent outcome information available. The problems of endoleaks is discussed and the techniques for treatment and outcomes presented. Finally, a summary of specific information on most of the devices available is presented. (orig.)

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Aneurisma roto de aorta torácica descendente: tratamiento endovascular Endovascular treatment of a ruptured thoracic aorta aneurysm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available In 1991, a technique to exclude aortic aneurysms from circulation inserting an endoluminal graft through the femoral artery, was described. This procedure, usually used for elective abdominal aneurysms, can also be used in the thoracic aorta. We report a 41 years old male with a Marfan syndrome, presenting with a descending aorta aneurysm that ruptured to the mediastinum and pleural cavity. He was compensated hemodynamically and an endovascular stent-graft was deployed at the ruptured zone, through the femoral artery. The postoperative evolution of the patient was uneventful. This technique will allow a less invasive treatment of ruptured aortic aneurysms (Rev Méd Chile 2001; 129: 1439-43

Renato Mertens M

2001-12-01

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Oclusión de la aorta abdominal infrarrenal. Reconstrucción endovascular con stent  

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Full Text Available Introducción La oclusión total de la aorta abdominal es de presentación poco frecuente y afecta más a menudo a mujeres de edad mediana con antecedentes de tabaquismo y dislipidemia. El punto de partida de la terapéutica endovascular en la aorta fue la angioplastia en las arterias ilíacas y fue progresando desde el balón hasta la colocación de stents.ObjetivoComunicar nuestros resultados inmediatos y el seguimiento a mediano plazo de pacientes con oclusión de la aorta abdominal tratadas con stents por vía endovascular.Material y métodosDesde octubre de 1998 a mayo de 2005 en nuestro servicio se trataron 5 pacientes de sexo femenino por oclusión total de la aorta abdominal, con síntomas de claudicación grave de ambos miembros inferiores. Los procedimientos se realizaron con anestesia local y sedación. Por vía femoral, se intenta recanalizar con las cuerdas de Whooley o hidrófila Glidewire. Posteriormente se realiza un angiograma abdominal e intercambio por cuerda Amplatz con la cual se avanza el balón para realizar las dilataciones antes de implantar el stent. Las pacientes con lesiones ilíacas también se trataron con stent. El índice tobillo-brazo era de 0,71. El promedio de hospitalización fue de 2 días. Al alta se indicaron clopidogrel y aspirina como medicación antiplaquetaria, excepto la primera paciente (ticlopidina y aspirina. El seguimiento fue clínico y por ecografía Doppler color a la semana, al mes, a los 6 meses y a los 12 meses.ResultadosLas pacientes eran de sexo femenino, con antecedentes de tabaquismo y dislipidemia. Todos los procedimientos fueron técnicamente exitosos, con mejoría del índice tobillo-brazo a 0,98. Una paciente presentó un hematoma inguinal en el sitio de punción, con buena evolución posterior. En el seguimiento alejado clínico y por ultrasonido se observó una permeabilidad de la aorta del 100%, con estenosis en una paciente tratada a nivel de la arteria ilíaca en el segmento no cubierto por el stent.ConclusionesEn este grupo de pacientes con oclusión total de la aorta abdominal, la angioplastia con balón e implantación de stent ha demostrado que es una técnica segura y efectiva, con éxito técnico y permeabilidad en el seguimiento a mediano plazo en todas las pacientes.

Carlos Fernández-Pereira

2008-01-01

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Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: indications and results.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is an attractive alternative to open surgical approach in treating abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). In Nuerenberg in our 14-year experience of 1502 cases (ending December 2007) we used 13 different endografts. The median follow-up was 41 months (1.0-98) and the AAA had a mean diameter of 52.4 mm. Five-hundred and nineteen cases were done using Powerlink grafts. The 30 day mortality was 1.7%. The total reintervention rate was 5.3%, while no distal migration, conversion or post EVAR rupture occurred. At the Army's Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Bucharest, between July 2008 and December 2009, 15 patients underwent EVAR for AAA. We used the following types of endografts: one Anaconda, three Medtronic Talent, seven Endologix Powerlink and four EVITA Jotec. The mean hospitalization time was three days. Follow-up was done by CT-scan at one, three, six, and 12 months. No endoleaks or infection were seen in the short and medium term follow-up. EVAR is an appropriate treatment for selected patients, especially those at high risk for open surgical repair. The future of EVAR as the potential gold standard for aortic aneurysm therapy rests upon the vision and creativity of both surgeons and technology innovators to realize the potential of endovascular interventions. PMID:21417845

Droc, Ionel; Raithel, Dieter; Calinescu, Francisca B

2011-04-01

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Thrombus Volume Change Visualization after Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair  

Science.gov (United States)

A surgical technique currently used in the treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA) is the Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR). This minimally invasive procedure involves inserting a prosthesis in the aortic vessel that excludes the aneurysm from the bloodstream. The stent, once in place acts as a false lumen for the blood current to travel down, and not into the surrounding aneurysm sac. This procedure, therefore, immediately takes the pressure off the aneurysm, which thromboses itself after some time. Nevertheless, in a long term perspective, different complications such as prosthesis displacement or bloodstream leaks into or from the aneurysmatic bulge (endoleaks) could appear causing a pressure elevation and, as a result, increasing the danger of rupture. The purpose of this work is to explore the application of image registration techniques to the visual detection of changes in the thrombus in order to assess the evolution of the aneurysm. Prior to registration, both the lumen and the thrombus are segmented

Maiora, Josu; García, Guillermo; Macía, Iván; Legarreta, Jon Haitz; Boto, Fernando; Paloc, Céline; Graña, Manuel; Abuín, Javier Sanchez

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Evaluation of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in nonagenarians.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) in nonagenarians. From May 2003 to March 2011, 12 nonagenarian abdominal aortic aneurysm patients were treated with endovascular repair including two emergencies. The mean age of patients was 92.5 ± 1.6 years (range: 90-95 years), and 11 of the patients (91.7%) were men. Technical success, perioperative complications, and mortality were evaluated. The follow-up protocol consisted of computed tomography angiograms or ultrasounds performed at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months, and annually thereafter. Seven patients were operated under general anesthesia and five under local anesthesia. There was 100% technical success with no need for open conversion. The endografts used included two Endurant endografts, four Talent endografts, and six Zenith endografts. The mean operative time was 3.4 ± 1.3 h, mean procedural blood loss was 150.5 ± 60.5 mL, and mean postoperative length of stay was 8.4 ± 2.3 days. Mortality rates were 8.3% at 30 days, 16.7% at 1 year, 41.7% at 3 years, and 75% at 5 years. The mean survival of the 11 patients who expired beyond the first 30 days was 28.5 months (range: 9-73 months). Overall, EVAR in nonagenarians was associated with acceptable procedural success and perioperative morbidity and mortality. The medium and long-term results suggested that EVAR may be of limited benefit in some patients who are aged >90 years. Therefore, individual patient selection is very important. PMID:24391038

Zhang, H P; Guo, W; Liu, X P; Jia, X; Xiong, J; Ma, X H; Zhang, M H; Xu, Y L

2013-01-01

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Long-term safety and efficacy of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Brandon W Propper, Christopher J Abularrage Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, John Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA Abstract: Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR is a safe and efficacious treatment for both unruptured and ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms. While perioperative mortality is lower with EVAR, long-term outcomes are similar between EVAR and open repair, including quality of life and cost-effectiveness. We review the long-term outcomes from the EUROSTAR registry, and DREAM, EVAR 1, and OVER trials. Keywords: EVAR, endovascular, aneurysm, aortic, outcome, long-term

Propper BW

2013-04-01

34

Modification of an endovascular stent graft for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular surgery is currently used to treat abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). A stent graft is deployed to exclude blood flow from the aneurysm sac. It is an effective procedure used in preventing aneurysm rupture, with reduced patient morbidity and mortality compared to open surgical repair. Migration and leakage around the device ("endoleak") due to poor sealing of the stent graft to the aorta have raised concerns about the long-term durability of endovascular repair. A preliminary study of cell migration and proliferation is presented as a prelude to a more extensive in vivo testing. A method to enhance the biological seal between the stent graft and the aorta is proposed to eliminate this problem. This can be achieved by impregnating the stent graft with 50/50 poly (DL-lactide co glycolic acid) (PLGA) and growth factors such as basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) or connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), at the proximal and distal ends. It is hypothesized that as PLGA degrades it will release the growth factors that will promote proliferation and migration of aortic smooth muscle cells to the coated site, leading to a natural seal between the aorta and the stent graft. In addition, growth factor release should promote smooth muscle cell (SMC) contraction that will help keep the stent graft in place at the proximal and distal ends. It is shown that a statistically significant effect of increased cell proliferation and migration is observed for CTGF release. Less of an effect is noted for bFGF or just the PLGA. The effect is estimated to be large enough to be clinically significant in a future animal study. The long term goal of this study is to reduce migration encounter after graft deployment and to reduce secondary interventions of EVAR especially for older patients who are unfit for open surgical treatment.

Moloye, Olajompo Busola

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Tratamiento endovascular de transecciones agudas de la aorta descendente / Endovascular treatment of acute traumatic aortic rupture  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los accidentes por desaceleración súbita se asocian a transección de la aorta torácica, falleciendo 85-90% de ellos en el sitio del suceso. Los que sobreviven presentan habitualmente politraumatismo asociado grave, teniendo la reparación quirúrgica convencional de la aorta una alta morbimortalidad. [...] La reparación endovascular es una alternativa menos invasiva y de menor morbi-mortalidad. Objetivo: Analizar los resultados de la reparación endovascular de transecciones agudas de la aorta torácica. Pacientes y Métodos: Se revisan los antecedentes de los pacientes tratados entre agosto de 2002 y marzo de 2010. Resultados: Tratamos 16 pacientes (14 hombres, 42,7 ± 15,8 años, extremos 24-74) con transección traumática aguda de aorta torácica descendente. Quince presentaban lesiones asociadas: traumatismo encéfalo-craneano (7), fractura de huesos largos (9), laceración esplénica (4), hepática (1), renal (3). La causa del accidente fue vehicular en 13 casos y caída de altura en 3. El diagnóstico fue realizado mediante tomograña axial computada al ingreso y luego angiograña en la sala de operaciones. El tratamiento consistió en la cobertura de la zona de transección mediante el implante de una endoprótesis, siendo necesario cubrir la arteria subclavia izquierda en 11 casos, sin requerir revascularización de la extremidad. El éxito técnico fue 100%, no hubo mortalidad relacionada al procedimiento. No hubo paraplejia. Un paciente de 60 años fallece al 5to día por lesiones asociadas graves. En el seguimiento alejado a 30,8 meses (1-80) no ha habido complicaciones ni reintervenciones. Conclusión: La cirugía endovascular es una alternativa eficaz y con baja morbimortalidad para el tratamiento de transecciones de la aorta torácica. Abstract in english Background: Traumatic rupture of the thoracic aorta as a result from high-speed deceleration injury is associated with a mortality rate of 80% to 90% at the scene of the accident. Survivors usually have life-threatening injuries to other organ systems. Standard open repair is associated with a high [...] penoperative morbidity and mortality. Endografting offers a less invasive alternative to open surgical repair. Aim: To evaluate results of endovascular management of acute traumatic descending thoracic aortic ruptures. Methods: Between August 2002 and March 2010, patients treated for this trauma were reviewed. Results: 16 patients (fourteen males mean age 42.7 ± 15.8 years, range 24-74) underwent endovascular treatment of an acute aortic rupture. Associated traumas in fifteen patients were: severe brain (7), spleen (4), liver (1), kidney (3) and large bone (9) injuries. Motor vehicle accidents caused 13 of the injuries and fall from height 3. Rupture was diagnosed with admission CT sean and confirmed by intraoperative angiogram. Patients were treated with thoracic aortic endograft, in 11 cases the left subclavian artery was covered with no need for further revascularization. Technical success was 100%, no procedure-related mortality or paraplegia was observed. One patient died 5 days after the procedure due to severe associated injuries. During a mean follow-up of 30.8 months (range 1-80), no deaths, complications or need for further interventions presented. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment of acute traumatic aortic isthmic rupture is encouraging and compares favorably to open surgical approach with low morbidity and mortality rates.

LEOPOLDO, MARINÉ M; RENATO, MERTENS M; FRANCISCO, VALDÉS E; ALBRECHT, KRÄMER SCH; MICHEL, BERGOEING R; MIGUEL, PLAZA DE LOS REYES Z; FROILÁN, FERNÁNDEZ S.

2011-02-01

36

Tratamiento endovascular de transecciones agudas de la aorta descendente Endovascular treatment of acute traumatic aortic rupture  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Los accidentes por desaceleración súbita se asocian a transección de la aorta torácica, falleciendo 85-90% de ellos en el sitio del suceso. Los que sobreviven presentan habitualmente politraumatismo asociado grave, teniendo la reparación quirúrgica convencional de la aorta una alta morbimortalidad. La reparación endovascular es una alternativa menos invasiva y de menor morbi-mortalidad. Objetivo: Analizar los resultados de la reparación endovascular de transecciones agudas de la aorta torácica. Pacientes y Métodos: Se revisan los antecedentes de los pacientes tratados entre agosto de 2002 y marzo de 2010. Resultados: Tratamos 16 pacientes (14 hombres, 42,7 ± 15,8 años, extremos 24-74 con transección traumática aguda de aorta torácica descendente. Quince presentaban lesiones asociadas: traumatismo encéfalo-craneano (7, fractura de huesos largos (9, laceración esplénica (4, hepática (1, renal (3. La causa del accidente fue vehicular en 13 casos y caída de altura en 3. El diagnóstico fue realizado mediante tomograña axial computada al ingreso y luego angiograña en la sala de operaciones. El tratamiento consistió en la cobertura de la zona de transección mediante el implante de una endoprótesis, siendo necesario cubrir la arteria subclavia izquierda en 11 casos, sin requerir revascularización de la extremidad. El éxito técnico fue 100%, no hubo mortalidad relacionada al procedimiento. No hubo paraplejia. Un paciente de 60 años fallece al 5to día por lesiones asociadas graves. En el seguimiento alejado a 30,8 meses (1-80 no ha habido complicaciones ni reintervenciones. Conclusión: La cirugía endovascular es una alternativa eficaz y con baja morbimortalidad para el tratamiento de transecciones de la aorta torácica.Background: Traumatic rupture of the thoracic aorta as a result from high-speed deceleration injury is associated with a mortality rate of 80% to 90% at the scene of the accident. Survivors usually have life-threatening injuries to other organ systems. Standard open repair is associated with a high penoperative morbidity and mortality. Endografting offers a less invasive alternative to open surgical repair. Aim: To evaluate results of endovascular management of acute traumatic descending thoracic aortic ruptures. Methods: Between August 2002 and March 2010, patients treated for this trauma were reviewed. Results: 16 patients (fourteen males mean age 42.7 ± 15.8 years, range 24-74 underwent endovascular treatment of an acute aortic rupture. Associated traumas in fifteen patients were: severe brain (7, spleen (4, liver (1, kidney (3 and large bone (9 injuries. Motor vehicle accidents caused 13 of the injuries and fall from height 3. Rupture was diagnosed with admission CT sean and confirmed by intraoperative angiogram. Patients were treated with thoracic aortic endograft, in 11 cases the left subclavian artery was covered with no need for further revascularization. Technical success was 100%, no procedure-related mortality or paraplegia was observed. One patient died 5 days after the procedure due to severe associated injuries. During a mean follow-up of 30.8 months (range 1-80, no deaths, complications or need for further interventions presented. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment of acute traumatic aortic isthmic rupture is encouraging and compares favorably to open surgical approach with low morbidity and mortality rates.

LEOPOLDO MARINÉ M

2011-02-01

37

Tratamiento endovascular de transecciones agudas de la aorta descendente / Endovascular treatment of acute traumatic aortic rupture  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los accidentes por desaceleración súbita se asocian a transección de la aorta torácica, falleciendo 85-90% de ellos en el sitio del suceso. Los que sobreviven presentan habitualmente politraumatismo asociado grave, teniendo la reparación quirúrgica convencional de la aorta una alta morbimortalidad. [...] La reparación endovascular es una alternativa menos invasiva y de menor morbi-mortalidad. Objetivo: Analizar los resultados de la reparación endovascular de transecciones agudas de la aorta torácica. Pacientes y Métodos: Se revisan los antecedentes de los pacientes tratados entre agosto de 2002 y marzo de 2010. Resultados: Tratamos 16 pacientes (14 hombres, 42,7 ± 15,8 años, extremos 24-74) con transección traumática aguda de aorta torácica descendente. Quince presentaban lesiones asociadas: traumatismo encéfalo-craneano (7), fractura de huesos largos (9), laceración esplénica (4), hepática (1), renal (3). La causa del accidente fue vehicular en 13 casos y caída de altura en 3. El diagnóstico fue realizado mediante tomograña axial computada al ingreso y luego angiograña en la sala de operaciones. El tratamiento consistió en la cobertura de la zona de transección mediante el implante de una endoprótesis, siendo necesario cubrir la arteria subclavia izquierda en 11 casos, sin requerir revascularización de la extremidad. El éxito técnico fue 100%, no hubo mortalidad relacionada al procedimiento. No hubo paraplejia. Un paciente de 60 años fallece al 5to día por lesiones asociadas graves. En el seguimiento alejado a 30,8 meses (1-80) no ha habido complicaciones ni reintervenciones. Conclusión: La cirugía endovascular es una alternativa eficaz y con baja morbimortalidad para el tratamiento de transecciones de la aorta torácica. Abstract in english Background: Traumatic rupture of the thoracic aorta as a result from high-speed deceleration injury is associated with a mortality rate of 80% to 90% at the scene of the accident. Survivors usually have life-threatening injuries to other organ systems. Standard open repair is associated with a high [...] penoperative morbidity and mortality. Endografting offers a less invasive alternative to open surgical repair. Aim: To evaluate results of endovascular management of acute traumatic descending thoracic aortic ruptures. Methods: Between August 2002 and March 2010, patients treated for this trauma were reviewed. Results: 16 patients (fourteen males mean age 42.7 ± 15.8 years, range 24-74) underwent endovascular treatment of an acute aortic rupture. Associated traumas in fifteen patients were: severe brain (7), spleen (4), liver (1), kidney (3) and large bone (9) injuries. Motor vehicle accidents caused 13 of the injuries and fall from height 3. Rupture was diagnosed with admission CT sean and confirmed by intraoperative angiogram. Patients were treated with thoracic aortic endograft, in 11 cases the left subclavian artery was covered with no need for further revascularization. Technical success was 100%, no procedure-related mortality or paraplegia was observed. One patient died 5 days after the procedure due to severe associated injuries. During a mean follow-up of 30.8 months (range 1-80), no deaths, complications or need for further interventions presented. Conclusion: Endovascular treatment of acute traumatic aortic isthmic rupture is encouraging and compares favorably to open surgical approach with low morbidity and mortality rates.

LEOPOLDO, MARINÉ M; RENATO, MERTENS M; FRANCISCO, VALDÉS E; ALBRECHT, KRÄMER SCH; MICHEL, BERGOEING R; MIGUEL, PLAZA DE LOS REYES Z; FROILÁN, FERNÁNDEZ S.

38

Perioperative management of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To summarize the clinical experience of perioperative management in performing endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). Methods: EVAR was performed in 22 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm. The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed. Before treatment the functions of main organs were evaluated and certain measures were adopted in order to protect them. Useful parameters, including the length, diameter, angle and configuration of the proximal and distal aneurysmal neck, the relationship of the aneurysm to aortic branches, the distance from the lowest renal artery to the bifurcation of abdominal aorta, and the quality of access vessels (such as diameter, tortuosity and calcification degree) were determined and assessed with CTA. According to the parameters thus obtained, the suitable stent-graft with ideal diameter and length was selected, and the optimal surgery pattern was employed. Local anesthesia was employed in 20 patients, among them the local anesthesia had to be changed to general anesthesia in one. Epidural anesthesia was carried out in one patient through the surgically-reconstructed iliac artery access,and general anesthesia was employed in one patient who had Stanford type A aortic dissection. The lowest renal artery must be accurately localized before deployment of stent-graft was started. At least one patent internal iliac artery should be reserved when bilateral internal iliac arteries needed to be covered, to be coveredteries needed to be covered, to be covered by stages or to be reconstructed. After stent-graft placement, angiography must be performed to find out if there was any endoleak and, if any, to determine the type of endoleak and to deal with it properly. Two cases had proximal type I endoleak, so balloon dilation was employed in one and cuff implantation in another one. Distal type I endoleak occurred in one case, but, unfortunately, the iliac artery ruptured when balloon dilation was employed, therefore the patient had to receive vascular repair with prosthesis. Three cases developed type III endoleak. Balloon dilation followed by additional stent-graft placement was adopted in one case. Thoracic endovascular aortic repair with subsequent EVAR was carried out in another patient with Stanford type A aortic dissection. Re-examination with CTA was performed 7-10 days after the treatment, and once a year thereafter. Results: EVAR was successfully completed in all patients. The main complications included thrombosis due to vascular kinking (n=1) and disruption of abdominal incision (n=1). No death due to surgery occurred. During the follow-up period of 6 month to 5 years all patients remained alive. Conclusion: With the advantages of high imaging quality and usefulness for accurate measure of parameters, CTA is the gold standard for preoperative and postoperative evaluation. EVAR is a safe and effective treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm in aged patients with high-risk. (authors)

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Aneurisma roto de aorta torácica descendente: tratamiento endovascular / Endovascular treatment of a ruptured thoracic aorta aneurysm  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english In 1991, a technique to exclude aortic aneurysms from circulation inserting an endoluminal graft through the femoral artery, was described. This procedure, usually used for elective abdominal aneurysms, can also be used in the thoracic aorta. We report a 41 years old male with a Marfan syndrome, pre [...] senting with a descending aorta aneurysm that ruptured to the mediastinum and pleural cavity. He was compensated hemodynamically and an endovascular stent-graft was deployed at the ruptured zone, through the femoral artery. The postoperative evolution of the patient was uneventful. This technique will allow a less invasive treatment of ruptured aortic aneurysms (Rev Méd Chile 2001; 129: 1439-43)

Renato, Mertens M; Francisco, Valdés E; Albrecht, Krämer Sch; Manuel, Irarrázaval L; Leopoldo, Mariné M; Jeannette, Vergara G.

40

Tratamiento endovascular del trauma vascular periférico Endovascular treatment of peripheral vascular trauma  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available El trauma vascular representa un problema de salud pública a nivel nacional e internacional. La epidemia de violencia con mayor uso de armas de alta y baja velocidad en los conflictos militares y a nivel civil urbano, las velocidades más altas en las carreteras y los accidentes laborales, han aumentado la incidencia del trauma vascular. La aparición de procedimientos y tecnologías endovasculares ha ofrecido nuevas alternativas en casos complejos de trauma vascular, como accesos vasculares difíciles, complicaciones tardías y pacientes con enfermedades concomitantes. En este artículo se presenta la experiencia, desde enero de 2010 hasta enero de 2012, con siete pacientes que recibieron tratamiento endovascular y tuvieron seguimiento a seis meses. En 6 (86 % pacientes fue posible la implantación de endoprótesis (stent y en uno fue necesario crear un émbolo en la arteria ilio-lumbar mediante espirales de acero (coils. El tiempo promedio de duración del procedimiento quirúrgico fue de 60,7 minutos, con un rango de 40 a 90 minutos. En todos los casos se comprobó éxito angiográfico y permeabilidad del vaso lesionado.Vascular trauma constitutes a public health problem both nationally and internationally. The epidemy of violence with greater use of high and low velocity weapons in the military conflicts as well as at the civil urban level, have increased the incidence of vascular trauma. The advent of endovascular procedures and technologies offer new alternative approaches in complex vascular trauma, such as those with difficult vascular access, late complications and patients with concomitant complications. Hereby we present our experience with seven patients that were submitted to endovascular treatment in the period January 2010 to January 2012, with six months follow-up. In six patients (86% it was possible to implant a stent, and in one it became necessary to create an embolus in the ilio-lumbar artery by means of a steel spiral coil. Mean operating time was 60.7 minutes, with a rank of 40 to 90 minutes. Successful result was demonstrated in all cases by angiography and permeability of the affected vessel.

César Eduardo Jiménez

2012-12-01

 
 
 
 
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Endovascular Exclusion of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Patients with Concomitant Abdominal Malignancy: Early Experience  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

To assess the outcomes of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) for the treatment of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in patients undergoing curative surgical treatment for concomitant abdominal malignancy. The study included 12 patients with abdominal neoplasia and an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), which was treated by surgery and stent EVAR. The neoplasm consisted of the gastric, colorectal, pancreas, prostate, and gall bladder. The follow up period was 3-21 months (mean 11.8 months). All medical records and imaging analyses were reviewed by CTA and/or color Doppler US, retrospectively. Successful endoluminal repair was accomplished in all twelve patients. The mean interval time between EVAR and surgery was 58.6 days. Small amounts of type 2 endoleaks were detected in two patients (17%). One patient developed adult respiratory distress syndrome after Whipple's operation 20 days after surgery, which led to hopeless discharge. No procedure-related mortality, morbidity, or graft-related infection was noted. Exclusion of AAA in patients with accompanying malignancy show with a relatively low procedure morbidity and mortality. Hence, endoluminal AAA repair in patients with synchronous neoplasia may allow greater flexibility in the management of an offending malignancy

Choi, You Ri; Chang, Nam Kyu [Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Hyo Hyun; Oh, Hyun Jun; Kim, Jae Kyu; Choi, Soo Jin Na; Chung, Sang Young [Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Yim, Nam Yeol [Armed Forces Yangju Hospital, Yangju (Korea, Republic of)

2010-08-15

42

Tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal em paciente com insuficiência renal crônica / Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm in a patient with chronic renal failure  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A insuficiência renal crônica não-dialítica é uma contra-indicação relativa ao tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta abdominal. O uso de contrastes alternativos, como o gadolínio, além de fornecer imagens de baixa qualidade, está relacionado à nefrotoxicidade. Relatamos um caso de tratamen [...] to endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal guiado por eco-Doppler colorido. Um paciente masculino de 82 anos, com aneurisma da aorta abdominal de 55 mm de diâmetro e clearance de creatinina de 17 ml/min, recebeu implante de endoprótese aórtica modular bifurcada, utilizando este método de imagem associado à radioscopia. Não foi empregado contraste iodado. O resultado imediato e os controles de 1 e 6 meses revelam completa exclusão do aneurisma. A função renal permanece inalterada. Concluímos que o implante de endoprótese guiado por eco-Doppler colorido em pacientes com insuficiência renal crônica não terminal e com anatomia favorável é um método factível e seguro. Abstract in english Non-dialytic chronic renal failure is a contraindication related to the endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms. The use of alternative contrast agents, such as gadolinium, provides good-quality images and is associated with nephrotoxicity. We report a case of endovascular treatment of [...] an abdominal aortic aneurysm guided by color-flow Doppler ultrasonography. An 82-year-old male patient, with abdominal aortic aneurysm (55 mm in diameter) and creatinine clearance of 17 ml/min, underwent implantation of modular bifurcated aortic stent-graft, using that imaging method associated with radioscopy. Iodinated contrast was not used. The immediate result and 1- and 6-month controls showed complete aneurysm exclusion. Renal function is still unaltered. We conclude that the stent-graft implantation guided by color-flow Doppler ultrasonography in patients with nonterminal chronic renal failure and with favorable anatomy is a feasible and safe method.

Cleoni, Pedron; Ana Carla M., Palis; Arno von, Ristow; Alberto, Vescovi; Bernardo, Massière; José Mussa, Cury Filho; Marcus, Gress; Antonio Luiz de, Medina.

2006-12-01

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Tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal em paciente com insuficiência renal crônica / Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm in a patient with chronic renal failure  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A insuficiência renal crônica não-dialítica é uma contra-indicação relativa ao tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta abdominal. O uso de contrastes alternativos, como o gadolínio, além de fornecer imagens de baixa qualidade, está relacionado à nefrotoxicidade. Relatamos um caso de tratamen [...] to endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal guiado por eco-Doppler colorido. Um paciente masculino de 82 anos, com aneurisma da aorta abdominal de 55 mm de diâmetro e clearance de creatinina de 17 ml/min, recebeu implante de endoprótese aórtica modular bifurcada, utilizando este método de imagem associado à radioscopia. Não foi empregado contraste iodado. O resultado imediato e os controles de 1 e 6 meses revelam completa exclusão do aneurisma. A função renal permanece inalterada. Concluímos que o implante de endoprótese guiado por eco-Doppler colorido em pacientes com insuficiência renal crônica não terminal e com anatomia favorável é um método factível e seguro. Abstract in english Non-dialytic chronic renal failure is a contraindication related to the endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms. The use of alternative contrast agents, such as gadolinium, provides good-quality images and is associated with nephrotoxicity. We report a case of endovascular treatment of [...] an abdominal aortic aneurysm guided by color-flow Doppler ultrasonography. An 82-year-old male patient, with abdominal aortic aneurysm (55 mm in diameter) and creatinine clearance of 17 ml/min, underwent implantation of modular bifurcated aortic stent-graft, using that imaging method associated with radioscopy. Iodinated contrast was not used. The immediate result and 1- and 6-month controls showed complete aneurysm exclusion. Renal function is still unaltered. We conclude that the stent-graft implantation guided by color-flow Doppler ultrasonography in patients with nonterminal chronic renal failure and with favorable anatomy is a feasible and safe method.

Cleoni, Pedron; Ana Carla M., Palis; Arno von, Ristow; Alberto, Vescovi; Bernardo, Massière; José Mussa, Cury Filho; Marcus, Gress; Antonio Luiz de, Medina.

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Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in the Presence of a Kidney Transplant: Therapeutic Considerations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair in the presence of a kidney transplant can be extremely challenging, as it carries significant risks of renal ischemia. Endovascular repair is an attractive option, as it can be performed with little or no impairment of renal arterial flow. We describe the endovascular management of a recurrent AAA in a patient with a functioning renal transplant using a custom-made aorto-uni-iliac device. We discuss the planning and the potential problems of the technique

45

Epithelioid Angiosarcoma With Metastatic Disease After Endovascular Therapy of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Malignancies of the aortic wall represent a rare condition, and only a few reports have covered cases of sarcomas arising at the site of a prosthesis made of Dacron. A coincidence with endovascular repair has only been reported in one case to date. We report a patient with epithelioid angiosarcoma and metastatic disease, which was found in an aneurysmal sac after endovascular aortic repair for abdominal aortic aneurysm.

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Tratamiento endovascular del trauma vascular periférico / Endovascular treatment of peripheral vascular trauma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El trauma vascular representa un problema de salud pública a nivel nacional e internacional. La epidemia de violencia con mayor uso de armas de alta y baja velocidad en los conflictos militares y a nivel civil urbano, las velocidades más altas en las carreteras y los accidentes laborales, han aument [...] ado la incidencia del trauma vascular. La aparición de procedimientos y tecnologías endovasculares ha ofrecido nuevas alternativas en casos complejos de trauma vascular, como accesos vasculares difíciles, complicaciones tardías y pacientes con enfermedades concomitantes. En este artículo se presenta la experiencia, desde enero de 2010 hasta enero de 2012, con siete pacientes que recibieron tratamiento endovascular y tuvieron seguimiento a seis meses. En 6 (86 %) pacientes fue posible la implantación de endoprótesis (stent) y en uno fue necesario crear un émbolo en la arteria ilio-lumbar mediante espirales de acero (coils). El tiempo promedio de duración del procedimiento quirúrgico fue de 60,7 minutos, con un rango de 40 a 90 minutos. En todos los casos se comprobó éxito angiográfico y permeabilidad del vaso lesionado. Abstract in english Vascular trauma constitutes a public health problem both nationally and internationally. The epidemy of violence with greater use of high and low velocity weapons in the military conflicts as well as at the civil urban level, have increased the incidence of vascular trauma. The advent of endovascula [...] r procedures and technologies offer new alternative approaches in complex vascular trauma, such as those with difficult vascular access, late complications and patients with concomitant complications. Hereby we present our experience with seven patients that were submitted to endovascular treatment in the period January 2010 to January 2012, with six months follow-up. In six patients (86%) it was possible to implant a stent, and in one it became necessary to create an embolus in the ilio-lumbar artery by means of a steel spiral coil. Mean operating time was 60.7 minutes, with a rank of 40 to 90 minutes. Successful result was demonstrated in all cases by angiography and permeability of the affected vessel.

César Eduardo, Jiménez; Diego, Peña.

2012-12-01

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Tratamiento endovascular del trauma vascular periférico / Endovascular treatment of peripheral vascular trauma  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El trauma vascular representa un problema de salud pública a nivel nacional e internacional. La epidemia de violencia con mayor uso de armas de alta y baja velocidad en los conflictos militares y a nivel civil urbano, las velocidades más altas en las carreteras y los accidentes laborales, han aument [...] ado la incidencia del trauma vascular. La aparición de procedimientos y tecnologías endovasculares ha ofrecido nuevas alternativas en casos complejos de trauma vascular, como accesos vasculares difíciles, complicaciones tardías y pacientes con enfermedades concomitantes. En este artículo se presenta la experiencia, desde enero de 2010 hasta enero de 2012, con siete pacientes que recibieron tratamiento endovascular y tuvieron seguimiento a seis meses. En 6 (86 %) pacientes fue posible la implantación de endoprótesis (stent) y en uno fue necesario crear un émbolo en la arteria ilio-lumbar mediante espirales de acero (coils). El tiempo promedio de duración del procedimiento quirúrgico fue de 60,7 minutos, con un rango de 40 a 90 minutos. En todos los casos se comprobó éxito angiográfico y permeabilidad del vaso lesionado. Abstract in english Vascular trauma constitutes a public health problem both nationally and internationally. The epidemy of violence with greater use of high and low velocity weapons in the military conflicts as well as at the civil urban level, have increased the incidence of vascular trauma. The advent of endovascula [...] r procedures and technologies offer new alternative approaches in complex vascular trauma, such as those with difficult vascular access, late complications and patients with concomitant complications. Hereby we present our experience with seven patients that were submitted to endovascular treatment in the period January 2010 to January 2012, with six months follow-up. In six patients (86%) it was possible to implant a stent, and in one it became necessary to create an embolus in the ilio-lumbar artery by means of a steel spiral coil. Mean operating time was 60.7 minutes, with a rank of 40 to 90 minutes. Successful result was demonstrated in all cases by angiography and permeability of the affected vessel.

César Eduardo, Jiménez; Diego, Peña.

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Tratamiento "híbrido" del aneurisma tóraco-abdominal: revascularización visceral extraanatómica e inserción de endoprótesis / Extra anatomical revascularization and endovascular stent-grafting for thoracoabdominal aneurysm repair: Report of four cases  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Surgical treatment of thoracoabdominal aneurysms is a big technical challenge with a high rate of complications and mortality. It requires a large exposure and transient interruption of vital organ perfusion during its repair. Endovascular repair is a less invasive alternative available over the las [...] t decade. We report four male patients aged 44 to 76 years, with thoracic aortic aneurysms and involvement of visceral aorta, treated with a two stage procedure. During the first stage, a retrograde revascularization of the superior mesenteric and renal arteries from the infrarenal aorta was done, associated in two cases to a concomitant repair of an infrarenal aortic aneurysm. In the second stage, an endovascular graft was placed through the femoral artery, from the segment proximal to the aneurysm to the infrarenal aorta, above the origin of the visceral artery reconstructions, excluding the aneurysm from circulation. In one patient, both stages were concomitant and in three the second stage was delayed. One patient presented a postoperative bleeding that required reintervention without adverse consequences. No patient died, presented paraplegia or deterioration of renal function. After follow up of 6 to 20 months, there is no evidence of aneurysm growth or complications derived from the procedure

Renato, Mertens M; Francisco, Valdés E; Albrecht, Krämer Sch; Leopoldo, Mariné M; Michel, Bergoeing R; Rodrigo, Sagües C; Alvaro, Huete G; Jeannette, Vergara G; Magaly, Valdebenito G.

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Tratamiento endovascular de lesiones traumáticas de troncos supra aórticos Endovascular treatment of traumatic supra aortic trunk lesions  

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Full Text Available Introducción: Las lesiones traumáticas de troncos supra aórticos (TSA tienen elevada morbimor-talidad, y su tratamiento presenta un desafío técnico. Las técnicas endovasculares se presentan como una alternativa atractiva y de menor riesgo para su solución efectiva. Objetivos: Evaluar los resultados del tratamiento endovascular de las lesiones de TSA. Material y Método: Se revisaron retrospectivamente todos los pacientes sometidos a tratamiento endovascular de lesiones de TSA. Resultados: Entre Marzo de 2000 y Agosto de 2009 se intervinieron 8 pacientes, 6 hombres, edad promedio 33,6 años. El mecanismo traumático fue contuso en 3 y penetrante en 5. Los vasos afectados fueron arteria subclavia en 5, tronco braquiocefálico en 2 y carótida común en uno. De los pacientes con lesión subclavia, tres presentaron compromiso de plexo braquial asociado. Siete pacientes fueron tratados con implante de endoprótesis y uno mediante embolización. Un paciente requirió un stent no cubierto para tratar el colapso parcial precoz de una endoprótesis. No hubo morbilidad neurológica de novo ni mortalidad operatoria. El seguimiento clínico promedio es 24,3 meses. Dos pacientes se perdieron al seguimiento. La permeabilidad primaria asistida es 100% a 21,9 meses. Conclusiones: El tratamiento endovascular de lesiones de TSA es efectivo, con baja morbimortalidad y con buena permeabilidad a mediano plazo.Introduction: Traumatic lesions of supra aortic trunks (SAT have an elevated morbidity and mortality, and its treatment is technically challenging. Endovascular techniques offer an effective solution with a lower risk, making it an attractive alternative. Objectives: Retrospective review of all the patients with SAT lesions treated with endovascular techniques. Results: Between March 2000 to August 2009, 8 patients were treated, 6 men, mean age 33.6 years. Three patients suffered blunt and 5 a penetrating trauma. The injured vessels were subclavian artery in 5, brachiocephalic trunk in two and common carotid in one. Of the 5 patients with subclavian artery injury, three had associated brachial plexus injury. Six patients were treated with an endo-graft and one with coil-embolization. One patient suffered an early partial collapse of his endograft, requiring an additional bare metal stent to maintain patency. In this series there was neither neurological morbidity nor operative mortality. Follow-up is 24.3 months, and primary assisted patency is 100% at 21.9 months with two patients lost to follow-up. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of SAT lesions is effective, showing low morbidity and mortality with a good mid-term patency.

MICHEL BERGOEING R

2011-04-01

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Tratamiento endovascular de lesiones traumáticas de troncos supra aórticos / Endovascular treatment of traumatic supra aortic trunk lesions  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: Las lesiones traumáticas de troncos supra aórticos (TSA) tienen elevada morbimor-talidad, y su tratamiento presenta un desafío técnico. Las técnicas endovasculares se presentan como una alternativa atractiva y de menor riesgo para su solución efectiva. Objetivos: Evaluar los resultados [...] del tratamiento endovascular de las lesiones de TSA. Material y Método: Se revisaron retrospectivamente todos los pacientes sometidos a tratamiento endovascular de lesiones de TSA. Resultados: Entre Marzo de 2000 y Agosto de 2009 se intervinieron 8 pacientes, 6 hombres, edad promedio 33,6 años. El mecanismo traumático fue contuso en 3 y penetrante en 5. Los vasos afectados fueron arteria subclavia en 5, tronco braquiocefálico en 2 y carótida común en uno. De los pacientes con lesión subclavia, tres presentaron compromiso de plexo braquial asociado. Siete pacientes fueron tratados con implante de endoprótesis y uno mediante embolización. Un paciente requirió un stent no cubierto para tratar el colapso parcial precoz de una endoprótesis. No hubo morbilidad neurológica de novo ni mortalidad operatoria. El seguimiento clínico promedio es 24,3 meses. Dos pacientes se perdieron al seguimiento. La permeabilidad primaria asistida es 100% a 21,9 meses. Conclusiones: El tratamiento endovascular de lesiones de TSA es efectivo, con baja morbimortalidad y con buena permeabilidad a mediano plazo. Abstract in english Introduction: Traumatic lesions of supra aortic trunks (SAT) have an elevated morbidity and mortality, and its treatment is technically challenging. Endovascular techniques offer an effective solution with a lower risk, making it an attractive alternative. Objectives: Retrospective review of all the [...] patients with SAT lesions treated with endovascular techniques. Results: Between March 2000 to August 2009, 8 patients were treated, 6 men, mean age 33.6 years. Three patients suffered blunt and 5 a penetrating trauma. The injured vessels were subclavian artery in 5, brachiocephalic trunk in two and common carotid in one. Of the 5 patients with subclavian artery injury, three had associated brachial plexus injury. Six patients were treated with an endo-graft and one with coil-embolization. One patient suffered an early partial collapse of his endograft, requiring an additional bare metal stent to maintain patency. In this series there was neither neurological morbidity nor operative mortality. Follow-up is 24.3 months, and primary assisted patency is 100% at 21.9 months with two patients lost to follow-up. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of SAT lesions is effective, showing low morbidity and mortality with a good mid-term patency.

MICHEL, BERGOEING R; RENATO, MERTENS M; LEOPOLDO, MARINÉ M; FRANCISCO, VALDÉS E; ALBRECHT, KRÄMER SCH; RICARDO, SONNEBORN G.

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Tratamiento endovascular de los aneurismas toracoabdominales tipo IV / Endovascular Repair of Type IV Thoracoabdominal Aneurysms  

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Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los pacientes con aneurismas toracoabdominales tipo IV se caracterizan anatómicamente por la presencia de una dilatación aórtica visceral que determina la falta de un cuello proximal aórtico adecuado para el anclaje de las endoprótesis convencionales. Para tal fin existen injertos especialmente dise [...] ñados con fenestraciones. En esta comunicación se describe la experiencia de un grupo quirúrgico en la utilización de endoprótesis fenestradas. Fueron tratados seis pacientes. Todas las endoprótesis fueron implantadas con éxito, respetando 20 vasos viscerales. Este abordaje constituye hoy una alternativa válida para el tratamiento de este grupo de pacientes candidatos a cirugía convencional de alto riesgo. Abstract in english Endovascular Repair of Type IV Thoracoabdominal Aneurysms Type IV thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms are characterized by involvement of the visceral aortic segment which determines the lack of a proximal aortic neck suitable for the implantation conventional stents. Fenestrated stents have been spec [...] ially developed for these cases. We describe the experience of a surgical center using fenestrated stents in six patients. All the stents were successfully implanted, respecting 20 visceral vessels. This approach is a valid alternative for patients who are at high risk for conventional surgery.

Luis M, Ferreira; Sergio, Escordamaglia; José N, Allende; Julio, Rosemberg; Carlos, Ingino; A. Ricardo, La Mura.

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TRATAMIENTO ENDOVASCULAR DE LOS ANEURISMAS CEREBRALES: SUS COMIENZOS HACE 30 AÑOS Y SU DESARROLLO ACTUAL  

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Full Text Available Breve historia del desarrollo los métodos endovasculares en el tratamiento de los aneurismas intracraneanos, comenzando con las primeras experiencias de Serbinenko en Moscú. Se revisan aspectos técnicos recientemente incorporados al uso clínico y sus resultados.A short history of the development of endovascular treatment of intracraneal aneurysm, beginning with the first experiences of Serbinenko in Moscow. Recent technical aspects and clinical results are reviewed.

José Tevah C.

2003-01-01

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Reparación endovascular de aneurismas de aorta abdominal (parte I: Epidemiología indicaciones y limitaciones Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (Part I: Epidemiology, indications, and limitations  

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Full Text Available Los aneurismas de la aorta abdominal son una patología frecuente, con alta afinidad hacia la ruptura y muerte. La reparación endovascular es una alternativa al reparo convencional en pacientes de alto riesgo, y el desarrollo tecnológico y el perfeccionamiento de las endoprótesis va a permitir su aplicación en pacientes de buen riesgo para reparo convencional con cirugía abierta. En este artículo se dan las pautas básicas que deben conocer los especialistas en enfermedades cardiovasculares acerca de la epidemiología, indicaciones y limitaciones del reparo endoluminal de los aneurismas de la aorta abdominal.Abdominal aortic aneurysms constitute a frequent pathology, with high propensity to rupture and death; endovascular repair is an alternative to conventional repair in high-risk patients. The technological development and betterment of endoprosthesis will allow the application of this method in patients considered to be of good risk for conventional open repair. This article presents the basic knowledge that should possess the specialists in cardiovascular diseases in regard to epidemiology and indications and limitations of the endoluminal repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms.

Roberto Carlos Fominaya Pardo

2007-06-01

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Reparación endovascular de aneurismas de aorta abdominal (parte I): Epidemiología indicaciones y limitaciones / Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (Part I): Epidemiology, indications, and limitations  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los aneurismas de la aorta abdominal son una patología frecuente, con alta afinidad hacia la ruptura y muerte. La reparación endovascular es una alternativa al reparo convencional en pacientes de alto riesgo, y el desarrollo tecnológico y el perfeccionamiento de las endoprótesis va a permitir su apl [...] icación en pacientes de buen riesgo para reparo convencional con cirugía abierta. En este artículo se dan las pautas básicas que deben conocer los especialistas en enfermedades cardiovasculares acerca de la epidemiología, indicaciones y limitaciones del reparo endoluminal de los aneurismas de la aorta abdominal. Abstract in english Abdominal aortic aneurysms constitute a frequent pathology, with high propensity to rupture and death; endovascular repair is an alternative to conventional repair in high-risk patients. The technological development and betterment of endoprosthesis will allow the application of this method in patie [...] nts considered to be of good risk for conventional open repair. This article presents the basic knowledge that should possess the specialists in cardiovascular diseases in regard to epidemiology and indications and limitations of the endoluminal repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms.

Roberto Carlos, Fominaya Pardo; Manuel, Maynar Moliner; Roman, Rostagno.

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Surveillance of patients after abdominal aortic aneurysm repair with endovascular grafting or conventional treatment.  

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At Nuremberg Southern Hospital we have been using endovascular therapy for aortic aneurysms for the past 3 years. Between August 1994 and August 1997, 193 patients with infrarenal aortic aneurysms were treated with endovascular stent grafts. Besides using commercially available modular systems of the Stentor type (MinTec/Vanguard*, Boston Scientific) we also participated in a multicenter study implanting EGS devices (EVT in 65 patients). Follow-up examinations must strive to detect thrombotic complications as well as endoleaks with high sensitivity and specificity. To avoid aneurysm rupture significant increase in aneurysm diameter must be detected in a timely fashion to select patients for additional corrective endovascular procedures or conversion to open surgical therapy. A close follow-up regimen therefore is absolutely mandatory for all patients undergoing endovascular aortic grafting, particularly when new prosthetic devices are being introduced. Prosthetic devices that have been adequately tested using controlled study designs and are commercially available may be followed-up using a standardized follow up scheme as delineated. Particularly during the first postoperative year color duplex with use of an intravenous ultrasound enhancing agent has been used successfully to detect even minor endoleaks originating from retrograde perfusion via aortic side branches (lumbar or inferior mesenteric artery). Only patients with documented endoleaks or suspected outflow obstruction requiring further intervention need to undergo diagnostic arteriography. After conventional aneurysm repair yearly duplex scans are usually sufficient to follow the normal patient. Patients who have undergone endovascular therapy, however need to be followed much closer using duplex as well as abdominal CT scans. This will logically result in significantly higher follow up costs. Periinterventional costs of endovascular aortic reconstruction currently exceed those of conventional aortic repair by approximately 50%. Given the current health care finance situation it is questionable whether endovascular therapy of abdominal aneurysm will become standard practice in Germany. PMID:9894198

Raithel, D

1998-12-01

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Perioperative nursing for patients receiving endovascular therapy for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To discuss the nursing strategy and practical measures for patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm during the perioperative period of endovascular intervention. Methods: Endovascular therapy was carried out in 34 patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm,who were encountered in our department during the period of July 1997 to September 2008. The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed and the nursing points were summarized. Results: The average hospitalization days of the 34 patients were (14 ± 5) days, the mortality rate within 30 days was 23.5% (8/34). No nursing-related complications occurred. Conclusion: A comprehensive understanding of the mechanism, development and clinical evolution of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm is very important for nursing care. For nursing staff, well mastering the relevant nursing technique, carefully guarding against any nursing errors and lessening patient's suffering as far as possible, all these are the task of primary importance. (authors)

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Tratamiento endovascular del trauma de aorta descendente / Endovascular treatment of descending aorta trauma  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: Mortality of traumatic aortic lesions is over 80%. A group of those who survive, develop a chronic pseudo aneurism, usually asymptomatic, that is detected during imaging studies. Since conventional surgical treatment of traumatic aortic lesions has a great mortality, endovascular treatme [...] nt has been used as an alternative treatment in the last decade. Aim: To report our experience with endovascular treatment of traumatic aortic lesions. Patients and methods: Report of seven patients aged 22 to 65 years, with traumatic aortic lesions. Under general anesthesia an endovascular prosthesis was inserted through the femoral artery. Results: No complications were observed in the postoperative period, and after a follow up ranging from 4 to 40 months, no endoleaks or other complications have been detected. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of traumatic aortic lesions has good immediate and midterm results

Renato, Mertens M; Francisco, Valdés E; Albrecht, Krämer Sch; Michel, Bergoeing R; Ricardo, Zalaquett S; Cristián, Baeza P; Sergio, Morán V; Manuel, Irarrázaval L; Pedro, Becker R; Alvaro, Huete G; Jeannette, Vergara G; Magaly, Valdebenito G.

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Tratamiento endovascular del trauma de aorta descendente Endovascular treatment of descending aorta trauma  

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Full Text Available Background: Mortality of traumatic aortic lesions is over 80%. A group of those who survive, develop a chronic pseudo aneurism, usually asymptomatic, that is detected during imaging studies. Since conventional surgical treatment of traumatic aortic lesions has a great mortality, endovascular treatment has been used as an alternative treatment in the last decade. Aim: To report our experience with endovascular treatment of traumatic aortic lesions. Patients and methods: Report of seven patients aged 22 to 65 years, with traumatic aortic lesions. Under general anesthesia an endovascular prosthesis was inserted through the femoral artery. Results: No complications were observed in the postoperative period, and after a follow up ranging from 4 to 40 months, no endoleaks or other complications have been detected. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of traumatic aortic lesions has good immediate and midterm results

Renato Mertens M

2005-04-01

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Infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Endovascular repair with stent grafts; Infrarenales Bauchaortenaneurysma. Endovaskulaere Stent-Graft-Therapie  

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As an alternative to surgery, endovascular therapy with stent grafts has become the second main treatment option for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms. Unlike surgery, endovascular treatment with stent grafts is also applicable in patients unfit for open repair. Despite current improvements in endovascular repair devices, significant anatomic barriers still exclude this technique for a large number of patients. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and ultrasound are essential for diagnostics, preintervention planning, and postintervention follow-up of abdominal aneurysms treated with stent grafts. This review covers etiology, pathology, and diagnostic aspects. Materials and methods for endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms are presented in detail, and clinical results and complications are discussed. (orig.) [German] Die endovaskulaere Therapie des infrarenalen Bauchaortenaneurysmas hat sich als Alternative zur offenen chirurgischen Versorgung etabliert. Im Gegensatz zu Letzterer ist die Aneurysmatherapie mittels Stent-Grafts auch bei schwerkranken, nicht operationsfaehigen Patienten moeglich, wobei der Nutzen kontrovers diskutiert wird. Im Gegensatz zur klassischen transabdominellen Operation ist die Stent-Graft-Technik anatomischen Einschraenkungen unterworfen, die aber kuenftig aufgrund bereits abzusehender technischer Weiterentwicklungen eine geringere Rolle spielen werden. Die Diagnostik, die Entscheidung fuer eine endovaskulaere Therapie, die praeinterventionelle Planung und die Nachsorge erfordern den Einsatz bildgebender Verfahren, v. a. der Computer- und Magnetresonanztomographie sowie der Sonographie. Die fuer die endovaskulaere Aneurysmabehandlung relevanten Aspekte der Diagnostik werden dargestellt. Auf die Technik, die Materialien, die Ergebnisse und die Komplikationen der Stent-Graft-Behandlung wird ausfuehrlich eingegangen. (orig.)

Wagner, M.; Voshage, G.; Landwehr, P. [Klinik fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie, Gefaesszentrum Hannover, Diakoniekrankenhaus Henriettenstiftung gGmbH, Hannover (Germany); Busch, T. [Klinik fuer Gefaesschirurgie, Gefaesszentrum Hannover, Diakoniekrankenhaus Henriettenstiftung gGmbH, Hannover (Germany)

2008-09-15

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Successful Endovascular Repair of Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in a Renal Transplant Recipient  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A renal transplant recipient presented in the early post-transplantation period with rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm. The high mortality rate of the surgical repair of ruptured aneurysm in addition to the concern of preserving the renal graft prompted us to seek alternative approaches, such as repairing the aneurysm by means of endovascular techniques. The ruptured aneurysm was confirmed by performing computed tomography and digital angiography and thereafter was successfully repaired by endovascular stenting technique (Talent stent-graft), which seems to be a safe and effective method of preserving a renal graft

 
 
 
 
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Correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal em paciente com rim em ferradura: relato de caso Endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in patient with horseshoe kidney: a case report  

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Full Text Available O rim em ferradura é uma anomalia congênita rara que pode causar várias dificuldades técnicas durante a correção convencional de aneurisma de aorta abdominal. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 68 anos com rim em ferradura, aneurisma de aorta abdominal sintomático e disfunção renal leve. A paciente foi submetida a correção endovascular, sendo utilizada uma endoprótese bifurcada. O pós-operatório foi livre de complicações. O diagnóstico e a técnica endovascular são discutidos, assim como a literatura revisada.Horseshoe kidney is a rare congenital anomaly that may cause various technical problems during conventional repairs of abdominal aortic aneurysms. We report the case of a 68-year-old woman with a horseshoe kidney, symptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm and mild renal failure. The patient underwent endovascular repair using a bifurcated endoprosthesis. The postoperative was uneventful. We describe the diagnosis and the endovascular technique and literature review.

Eduardo Keller Saadi

2008-09-01

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Tratamento endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal em paciente com rim em ferradura: relato de caso Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm in patient with horseshoe kidney: a case report  

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Full Text Available O rim em ferradura é uma das anomalias urológicas congênitas mais comuns e está presente em cerca de 0,12% dos pacientes com aneurisma de aorta abdominal. O reparo cirúrgico convencional está associado a dificuldades técnicas que provavelmente aumentam a morbidade e a mortalidade, mas que podem ser evitadas com o tratamento endovascular. Relatamos um caso de um paciente de 64 anos com rim em ferradura e aneurisma de aorta abdominal, que foi submetido ao reparo endovascular do aneurisma com sucesso.The horseshoe kidney is one of the most common urologic anomalies and is present in about 0,12% of the patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm. The conventional surgical repair is associated with technical difficulties that probably increase morbidity and mortality, but can be averted by the endovascular treatment. We report a case of a 64-year-old patient with horseshoe kidney and abdominal aortic aneurysm, who underwent endovascular repair with success.

José Manoel da Silva Silvestre

2013-03-01

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Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic para-anastomotic pseudoaneurysm / Correcao endovascular do pseudoaneurisma para-anastomotico de aorta abdominal  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Os aneurismas para-anastomóticos de aorta podem ser verdadeiros ou pseudoaneurismas. Estes últimos tendem a ser assintomáticos até a ruptura. Devem ser tratados cirurgicamente, apesar da alta morbimortalidade em sua abordagem. Este relato descreve o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino, 68 anos, co [...] m quadro de pseudoaneurisma para-anastomótico pós-aneurismectomia de aorta infrarrenal. Optou-se por correção endovascular, com bons resultados. As técnicas endovasculares vêm se estabelecendo como o método de escolha no tratamento dos pseudoaneurismas anastomóticos. Abstract in english Para-anastomotic aneurysms are either true aneurysms or pseudoaneurysms. The latter tend to be asymptomatic until rupture. Para-anastomotic aneurysms should be approached surgically, despite the high morbidity and mortality associated with their treatment. This report describes the case of a 68-year [...] -old woman who presented with a para-anastomotic pseudoaneurysm secondary to infrarenal aortic aneurysmectomy. We chose to use an endovascular approach, and results were good. Endovascular techniques are increasingly becoming the method of choice in the treatment of anastomotic pseudoaneurysms.

Leonardo Ghizoni, Bez; Francesco Evangelista, Botelho; Julio Cesar Arantes, Maciel; Danilo Martins, Cardinelli.

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Tratamento endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal em paciente com rim em ferradura: relato de caso Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm in patient with horseshoe kidney: a case report  

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O rim em ferradura é uma das anomalias urológicas congênitas mais comuns e está presente em cerca de 0,12% dos pacientes com aneurisma de aorta abdominal. O reparo cirúrgico convencional está associado a dificuldades técnicas que provavelmente aumentam a morbidade e a mortalidade, mas que podem ser evitadas com o tratamento endovascular. Relatamos um caso de um paciente de 64 anos com rim em ferradura e aneurisma de aorta abdominal, que foi submetido ao reparo endovascular do aneurisma...

José Manoel da Silva Silvestre; Gustavo Teixeira Fulton Schimit; Wander Eduardo Sardinha; Guilherme da Silva Silvestre; Guilon Otávio Santos Tenório; Fernando Barbosa Trevisan

2013-01-01

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Correção endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal: análise dos resultados de único centro Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: a single-center results analysis  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados clínicos imediatos e em médio prazo do tratamento endovascular em pacientes portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal em um centro de referência para doenças cardiovasculares. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de uma série de pacientes submetidos a tratamento endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal, no período de janeiro de 2009 a julho de 2010. Foram avaliados as características demográficas, o sucesso técnico, o sucesso terapêutico, a morbimortalidade, as complicações e a taxa de reintervenções perioperatórias imediatos, e após um ano de acompanhamento. RESULTADOS: Foram analisados 102 pacientes consecutivos com idade média de 72 ± 9 anos, sendo 79% deles do sexo masculino. Houve sucesso técnico em 97,1% e êxito terapêutico em 81% dos casos. A mortalidade perioperatória foi de 0,9% e a anual, de 7,8%. Foram necessárias reintervenções em 18,8% dos pacientes durante o seguimento. CONCLUSÃO: Em nosso estudo, os resultados obtidos justificam a realização desse procedimento nos pacientes com anatomia adequada.OBJECTIVE: To evaluate immediate and mid-term outcomes in a series of patients submitted to endovascular repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in a reference center for cardiovascular medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present retrospective study included a series of patients treated in the period from January 2009 to July 2010, and evaluated demographic characteristics, technical success, therapeutic success, morbimortality, immediate complications and perioperative reintervention rate in a one-year follow-up. RESULTS: The authors evaluated 102 consecutive patients with a mean age of 72 ± 9 years (79% were men. Technical success was observed in 97.1% of cases, and therapeutic success, in 81%. Perioperative mortality was 0.9% and one-year mortality rate was 7.8%. Reintervention was necessary in 18.8% of the patients during follow-up. CONCLUSION: The outcomes observed in the present study justify performing such a procedure in patients with suitable anatomy.

Eduardo Rafael Novero

2012-02-01

66

Liposucción en el tratamiento de lipodistrofia abdominal  

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Full Text Available La lipodistrofia abdominal altera la estética corporal y para la mayoría ha surgido la posibilidad de resolver esta alteración mediante la liposucción, que desde su aparición ha experimentado múltiples modificaciones. Con el fin de evaluar los resultados de la aplicación de esta técnica en nuestro medio, seleccionamos una muestra de 85 pacientes con el diagnóstico de lipodistrofia abdominal ligera y moderada, a los cuales se les realizó dicha técnica y se evaluaron los resultados obtenidos. Se lograron resultados estéticos satisfactorios en un alto porcentaje de los pacientes (88,2 % pocos fueron los insatisfactorios y ello debido fundamentalmente a complicaciones que aparecieron tardíamente. Los síntomas y signos posoperatorios fueron bien tolerados y desaparecieron antes de los 2 meses. Se concluye en que la liposucción contribuye a perfeccionar la estética corporal, con un mínimo de complicaciones, siempre y cuando se realice una selección adecuada de los pacientes y se aplique correctamente la técnica, evitándose la excesiva aspiración de grasa

José Cairos Báez

1997-08-01

67

Medicações referentes às complicações após correção de aneurisma da aorta abdominal endovascular / Medication in relation to complications after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Este estudo observacional foi desenvolvido para pesquisar a influência dos medicamentos na ocorrência de complicações após correção endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal. MÉTODO: Foram analisados retrospectivamente os dados clínicos referentes a 70 pacientes consecutivos submetidos [...] à correção endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal em dois centros cirúrgicos vasculares num período de 3 anos. As complicações eram classificadas de acordo com as recomendações do Comitê Designado de Padrões de Tratamento. Foi feita uma distinção entre complicações relacionadas ou não ao stent. Uma análise de regressão foi usada para avaliar a associação entre 12 grupos de medicamentos diferentes e o resultado da correção endovascular. RESULTADOS: Durante um acompanhamento de 70 pacientes-anos, foram relatadas 14 complicações leves (20%), 23 moderadas (33%) e sete graves (10%). Trinta pacientes (43%) que usaram cumarínicos tiveram significantemente menos complicações não relacionadas ao stent (OR. 0,21; 95% CI 0,05-0,90) comparados com os não usuários. Vinte pacientes (29%), tomando medicamentos antieméticos durante internação, mostraram quatro vezes mais complicações relacionadas ao stent (OR. 4,37; 95% CI 1,10-17,3) e o uso de analgésicos no hospital em 25 pacientes foi associado com mais complicações relacionadas ao stent (OR. 3,81; 95% CI 1,32-11,0). CONCLUSÃO: Medicações parecem estar associados com a ocorrência de complicações após terapia endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal. Pacientes que usaram cumarínicos tiveram menos complicações não relacionadas ao stent. Pacientes que usaram agentes antieméticos durante internação mostraram um número quatro vezes maior de complicações não relacionadas ao stent. Pacientes usando analgésicos durante a internação eram associados com maiores complicações relacionadas ao stent. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This observational study was undertaken to explore the influence of medication on the occurrence of complications following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: Clinical data concerning 70 consecutive patients undergoing elective EVAR in two vascular surgical centre [...] s over a 3 year period were analysed retrospectively. Complications were graded according to the recommendations of the Ad Hoc Committee on Reporting Standards. A distinction was made between device-related and non-related complications. An adjusted regression analysis was used to assess the association between 12 different medication groups and EVAR outcome. RESULTS: During 70 person years of follow-up 14 mild (20%), 23 moderate (33%) and 7 severe (10%) complications were recorded. Thirty patients (43%) who used coumarin derivates showed significantly less non-device-related complications (OR 0.21; 95%CI 0.05-0.90) compared to non-users. Twenty patients (29%) on anti-emetic drugs during hospital stay showed a fourfold more non-device-related complications (OR 4.37; 95%CI 1.10-17.3) and in-hospital use of analgesics in 25 patients was associated with more device-related complications (OR 3.81; 95%CI 1.32-11.0). CONCLUSION: Medication seems to be associated with the occurrence of complications following endovascular therapy of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Patients who used coumarin-derivatives experienced fewer non-device-related complications. Patients who used anti-emetic drugs during hospital-stay showed a fourfold number of non-device-related complications. Patients using analgesics during hospital stay were associated with significantly more device-related complications

Giel G., Koning; Roel, Hobo; Robert J. F., Laheij; Jacob, Buth; J. Adam, Van Der Vliet.

2006-06-01

68

Medicações referentes às complicações após correção de aneurisma da aorta abdominal endovascular / Medication in relation to complications after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Este estudo observacional foi desenvolvido para pesquisar a influência dos medicamentos na ocorrência de complicações após correção endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal. MÉTODO: Foram analisados retrospectivamente os dados clínicos referentes a 70 pacientes consecutivos submetidos [...] à correção endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal em dois centros cirúrgicos vasculares num período de 3 anos. As complicações eram classificadas de acordo com as recomendações do Comitê Designado de Padrões de Tratamento. Foi feita uma distinção entre complicações relacionadas ou não ao stent. Uma análise de regressão foi usada para avaliar a associação entre 12 grupos de medicamentos diferentes e o resultado da correção endovascular. RESULTADOS: Durante um acompanhamento de 70 pacientes-anos, foram relatadas 14 complicações leves (20%), 23 moderadas (33%) e sete graves (10%). Trinta pacientes (43%) que usaram cumarínicos tiveram significantemente menos complicações não relacionadas ao stent (OR. 0,21; 95% CI 0,05-0,90) comparados com os não usuários. Vinte pacientes (29%), tomando medicamentos antieméticos durante internação, mostraram quatro vezes mais complicações relacionadas ao stent (OR. 4,37; 95% CI 1,10-17,3) e o uso de analgésicos no hospital em 25 pacientes foi associado com mais complicações relacionadas ao stent (OR. 3,81; 95% CI 1,32-11,0). CONCLUSÃO: Medicações parecem estar associados com a ocorrência de complicações após terapia endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal. Pacientes que usaram cumarínicos tiveram menos complicações não relacionadas ao stent. Pacientes que usaram agentes antieméticos durante internação mostraram um número quatro vezes maior de complicações não relacionadas ao stent. Pacientes usando analgésicos durante a internação eram associados com maiores complicações relacionadas ao stent. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This observational study was undertaken to explore the influence of medication on the occurrence of complications following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: Clinical data concerning 70 consecutive patients undergoing elective EVAR in two vascular surgical centre [...] s over a 3 year period were analysed retrospectively. Complications were graded according to the recommendations of the Ad Hoc Committee on Reporting Standards. A distinction was made between device-related and non-related complications. An adjusted regression analysis was used to assess the association between 12 different medication groups and EVAR outcome. RESULTS: During 70 person years of follow-up 14 mild (20%), 23 moderate (33%) and 7 severe (10%) complications were recorded. Thirty patients (43%) who used coumarin derivates showed significantly less non-device-related complications (OR 0.21; 95%CI 0.05-0.90) compared to non-users. Twenty patients (29%) on anti-emetic drugs during hospital stay showed a fourfold more non-device-related complications (OR 4.37; 95%CI 1.10-17.3) and in-hospital use of analgesics in 25 patients was associated with more device-related complications (OR 3.81; 95%CI 1.32-11.0). CONCLUSION: Medication seems to be associated with the occurrence of complications following endovascular therapy of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Patients who used coumarin-derivatives experienced fewer non-device-related complications. Patients who used anti-emetic drugs during hospital-stay showed a fourfold number of non-device-related complications. Patients using analgesics during hospital stay were associated with significantly more device-related complications

Giel G., Koning; Roel, Hobo; Robert J. F., Laheij; Jacob, Buth; J. Adam, Van Der Vliet.

69

Medicações referentes às complicações após correção de aneurisma da aorta abdominal endovascular Medication in relation to complications after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Este estudo observacional foi desenvolvido para pesquisar a influência dos medicamentos na ocorrência de complicações após correção endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal. MÉTODO: Foram analisados retrospectivamente os dados clínicos referentes a 70 pacientes consecutivos submetidos à correção endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal em dois centros cirúrgicos vasculares num período de 3 anos. As complicações eram classificadas de acordo com as recomendações do Comitê Designado de Padrões de Tratamento. Foi feita uma distinção entre complicações relacionadas ou não ao stent. Uma análise de regressão foi usada para avaliar a associação entre 12 grupos de medicamentos diferentes e o resultado da correção endovascular. RESULTADOS: Durante um acompanhamento de 70 pacientes-anos, foram relatadas 14 complicações leves (20%, 23 moderadas (33% e sete graves (10%. Trinta pacientes (43% que usaram cumarínicos tiveram significantemente menos complicações não relacionadas ao stent (OR. 0,21; 95% CI 0,05-0,90 comparados com os não usuários. Vinte pacientes (29%, tomando medicamentos antieméticos durante internação, mostraram quatro vezes mais complicações relacionadas ao stent (OR. 4,37; 95% CI 1,10-17,3 e o uso de analgésicos no hospital em 25 pacientes foi associado com mais complicações relacionadas ao stent (OR. 3,81; 95% CI 1,32-11,0. CONCLUSÃO: Medicações parecem estar associados com a ocorrência de complicações após terapia endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal. Pacientes que usaram cumarínicos tiveram menos complicações não relacionadas ao stent. Pacientes que usaram agentes antieméticos durante internação mostraram um número quatro vezes maior de complicações não relacionadas ao stent. Pacientes usando analgésicos durante a internação eram associados com maiores complicações relacionadas ao stent.OBJECTIVE: This observational study was undertaken to explore the influence of medication on the occurrence of complications following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. METHODS: Clinical data concerning 70 consecutive patients undergoing elective EVAR in two vascular surgical centres over a 3 year period were analysed retrospectively. Complications were graded according to the recommendations of the Ad Hoc Committee on Reporting Standards. A distinction was made between device-related and non-related complications. An adjusted regression analysis was used to assess the association between 12 different medication groups and EVAR outcome. RESULTS: During 70 person years of follow-up 14 mild (20%, 23 moderate (33% and 7 severe (10% complications were recorded. Thirty patients (43% who used coumarin derivates showed significantly less non-device-related complications (OR 0.21; 95%CI 0.05-0.90 compared to non-users. Twenty patients (29% on anti-emetic drugs during hospital stay showed a fourfold more non-device-related complications (OR 4.37; 95%CI 1.10-17.3 and in-hospital use of analgesics in 25 patients was associated with more device-related complications (OR 3.81; 95%CI 1.32-11.0. CONCLUSION: Medication seems to be associated with the occurrence of complications following endovascular therapy of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Patients who used coumarin-derivatives experienced fewer non-device-related complications. Patients who used anti-emetic drugs during hospital-stay showed a fourfold number of non-device-related complications. Patients using analgesics during hospital stay were associated with significantly more device-related complications

Giel G. Koning

2006-06-01

70

Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms in high-surgical-risk patients / Tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Contexto: Após a publicação de um estudo prospectivo e randomizado (Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Trial 2 - EVAR2) que questionou o benefício do tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal (AAA) em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico, decidimos avaliar nossos resultados iniciais e tardios [...] neste grupo de pacientes. Objetivo: Avaliar a mortalidade perioperatória, a sobrevivência tardia, a freqüência das reintervenções, o comportamento dos sacos aneurismáticos, as patências primária e secundária e a incidência de rotura após o tratamento endovascular de AAA em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico. Métodos: Entre abril de 2002 e fevereiro de 2008, 40 pacientes de alto risco anestésico-cirúrgico portadores de AAA foram submetidos ao implante de endopróteses bifurcadas de aorta e incluídos num registro prospectivo. Os dados a respeito do diagnóstico, risco operatório, tratamento e seguimento foram analisados em todos os pacientes. Resultados: 24 endopróteses Excluder® e 16 Zenith® foram implantadas com sucesso. Trinta pacientes (75%) foram classificados como ASA III e 10 (25%) como ASA IV. O diâmetro médio dos AAA era de 64 mm. A mortalidade perioperatória foi de 2,5%. Dois pacientes necessitaram de reintervenção durante o seguimento médio de 28,5 meses. A taxa de sobrevivência aos 3 anos foi de 95%. Houve quatro endoleaks, um caso de endotensão, e uma oclusão de ramo em uma endoprótese. As patências primária e secundária aos 3 anos foram de 97,5 e 100%, respectivamente. Não houve nenhuma rotura. Conclusões: Nossos resultados iniciais e tardios do tratamento endovascular de AAA em pacientes de alto risco são satisfatórios e parecem justificar a indicação deste tratamento neste grupo de pacientes. Abstract in english Background: Following the publication of a prospective randomized trial (Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Trial 2 - EVAR2) that questioned the benefits of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in high-surgical-risk patients, we decided to analyze our initial and long-term results with [...] endovascular AAA repair in this patient population. Objective: To evaluate the operative mortality, long-term survival, frequency of secondary operations, outcome of the aneurysm sac, primary and secondary patency rates, and rupture rate after aortic stent-graft placement in high-surgical-risk patients. Methods: From April 2002 to February 2008, 40 high-surgical and anesthetic risk patients with an AAA managed by a bifurcated aortic endograft were entered in a prospective registry. Data concerning diagnosis, operative risk, treatment and follow-up were analyzed in all patients Results: Twenty-four Excluder® and 16 Zenith® stent-grafts were successfully implanted. Thirty patients (75%) were classed ASA III and 10 (25%) were ASA IV. Mean aneurysm diameter was 64 mm. Operative mortality was 2.5%. Two patients required reintervention during the mean follow-up of 28.5 months. Survival rate at 3 years was 95%. There were four endoleaks, one case of endotension, and one endograft limb occlusion. Primary and secondary patency rates at 3 years were 97.5 and 100%, respectively. There were no ruptures. Conclusions: Initial and long-term results with endovascular treatment of AAA in high-surgical-risk patients were satisfactory, and appear to justify such approach for this patient population.

Célio Teixeira, Mendonça; Ricardo Cesar Rocha, Moreira; Cláudio Augusto de, Carvalho; Bárbara D´Agnoluzzo, Moreira; Janaína, Weingärtner; Alexandre Y., Shiomi.

71

Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms in high-surgical-risk patients Tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico  

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Full Text Available Background: Following the publication of a prospective randomized trial (Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Trial 2 - EVAR2 that questioned the benefits of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA in high-surgical-risk patients, we decided to analyze our initial and long-term results with endovascular AAA repair in this patient population. Objective: To evaluate the operative mortality, long-term survival, frequency of secondary operations, outcome of the aneurysm sac, primary and secondary patency rates, and rupture rate after aortic stent-graft placement in high-surgical-risk patients. Methods: From April 2002 to February 2008, 40 high-surgical and anesthetic risk patients with an AAA managed by a bifurcated aortic endograft were entered in a prospective registry. Data concerning diagnosis, operative risk, treatment and follow-up were analyzed in all patients Results: Twenty-four Excluder® and 16 Zenith® stent-grafts were successfully implanted. Thirty patients (75% were classed ASA III and 10 (25% were ASA IV. Mean aneurysm diameter was 64 mm. Operative mortality was 2.5%. Two patients required reintervention during the mean follow-up of 28.5 months. Survival rate at 3 years was 95%. There were four endoleaks, one case of endotension, and one endograft limb occlusion. Primary and secondary patency rates at 3 years were 97.5 and 100%, respectively. There were no ruptures. Conclusions: Initial and long-term results with endovascular treatment of AAA in high-surgical-risk patients were satisfactory, and appear to justify such approach for this patient population.Contexto: Após a publicação de um estudo prospectivo e randomizado (Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Trial 2 - EVAR2 que questionou o benefício do tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal (AAA em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico, decidimos avaliar nossos resultados iniciais e tardios neste grupo de pacientes. Objetivo: Avaliar a mortalidade perioperatória, a sobrevivência tardia, a freqüência das reintervenções, o comportamento dos sacos aneurismáticos, as patências primária e secundária e a incidência de rotura após o tratamento endovascular de AAA em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico. Métodos: Entre abril de 2002 e fevereiro de 2008, 40 pacientes de alto risco anestésico-cirúrgico portadores de AAA foram submetidos ao implante de endopróteses bifurcadas de aorta e incluídos num registro prospectivo. Os dados a respeito do diagnóstico, risco operatório, tratamento e seguimento foram analisados em todos os pacientes. Resultados: 24 endopróteses Excluder® e 16 Zenith® foram implantadas com sucesso. Trinta pacientes (75% foram classificados como ASA III e 10 (25% como ASA IV. O diâmetro médio dos AAA era de 64 mm. A mortalidade perioperatória foi de 2,5%. Dois pacientes necessitaram de reintervenção durante o seguimento médio de 28,5 meses. A taxa de sobrevivência aos 3 anos foi de 95%. Houve quatro endoleaks, um caso de endotensão, e uma oclusão de ramo em uma endoprótese. As patências primária e secundária aos 3 anos foram de 97,5 e 100%, respectivamente. Não houve nenhuma rotura. Conclusões: Nossos resultados iniciais e tardios do tratamento endovascular de AAA em pacientes de alto risco são satisfatórios e parecem justificar a indicação deste tratamento neste grupo de pacientes.

Célio Teixeira Mendonça

2009-03-01

72

Essentials of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair imaging: postprocedure surveillance and complications.  

Science.gov (United States)

OBJECTIVE. Lifelong postprocedural imaging surveillance is necessary after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) to assess for complications of endograft placement, as well as device failure and continued aneurysm growth. Refinement of the surveillance CT technique and development of ultrasound and MRI protocols are important to limit radiation exposure. CONCLUSION. A comprehensive understanding of EVAR surveillance is necessary to identify life-threatening complications and to aid in secondary treatment planning. PMID:25247965

Picel, Andrew C; Kansal, Nikhil

2014-10-01

73

Endovascular Repair of a Pseudoaneurysm of the Abdominal Aorta Secondary to Translumbar Aortography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report describes an incidental finding of a pseudoaneurysm of the abdominal aorta on a computed tomography (CT) renal angiogram during investigation of chronic renal failure in a 73-year-old man. The patient had undergone a translumbar aortogram 20 years previously. An increase in the size of the aneurysm by 7 mm over 6 months prompted treatment and the aneurysm underwent successful endovascular repair with a custom-made stent-graft

74

Evaluation of Texture for Classification of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm After Endovascular Repair  

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The use of the endovascular prostheses in abdominal aortic aneurysm has proven to be an effective technique to reduce the pressure and rupture risk of aneurysm. Nevertheless, in a long-term perspective, complications such as leaks inside the aneurysm sac (endoleaks) could appear causing a pressure elevation and increasing the danger of rupture consequently. At present, computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is the most common examination for medical surveillance. However, endoleak complicatio...

Garci?a, Guillermo; Maiora, Josu; Tapia, Arantxa; Blas, Mariano

2012-01-01

75

Tuberculous aneurysm of the abdominal aorta: endovascular repair using stent grafts in two cases  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Tuberculous aneurysm of the aorta is exceedingly rare. To date, the standard therapy for mycotic aneurysm of the abdominal aorta has been surgery involving in-situ graft placement or extra-anatomic bypass surgery followed by effective anti-tuberculous medication. Only recently has the use of a stent graft in the treatment of tuberculous aortic aneurysm been described in the literature. We report two cases in which a tuberculous aneurysm of the abdominal aorta was successfully repaired using endovascular stent grafts. One case involved is a 42-year-old woman with a large suprarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm and a right psoas abscess, and the other, a 41-year-old man in whom an abdominal aortic aneurysm ruptured during surgical drainage of a psoas abscess. (author)

76

Tuberculous aneurysm of the abdominal aorta: endovascular repair using stent grafts in two cases  

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Tuberculous aneurysm of the aorta is exceedingly rare. To date, the standard therapy for mycotic aneurysm of the abdominal aorta has been surgery involving in-situ graft placement or extra-anatomic bypass surgery followed by effective anti-tuberculous medication. Only recently has the use of a stent graft in the treatment of tuberculous aortic aneurysm been described in the literature. We report two cases in which a tuberculous aneurysm of the abdominal aorta was successfully repaired using endovascular stent grafts. One case involved is a 42-year-old woman with a large suprarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm and a right psoas abscess, and the other, a 41-year-old man in whom an abdominal aortic aneurysm ruptured during surgical drainage of a psoas abscess. (author)

Liu, Wei Chiang; Kwak, Byung Kook; Kim, Kyo Nam [Sung Ae General Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); And Others

2000-12-01

77

Endovascular management of a penetrating abdominal aortic injury.  

Science.gov (United States)

Penetrating aortic trauma is associated with high mortality rates. We report the case of a 24-year-old man who presented with a self-inflicted abdominal aortic penetration injury, resulting in a pseudoaneurysm. Rather uniquely, he was managed through prophylactic stenting to his abdominal aorta; this case was also rare in that there were remarkably no associated visceral injuries. Stenting was preferred because of risks of an aortic graft in a young man. A 14-mm Atrium Advanta™ stent was deployed, and angiography confirmed adequate exclusion of the pseudoaneurysm. He had no complications at follow-up. PMID:24561212

Ghazala, Christopher G; Green, Barnabas R; Williams, Robin; Wyatt, Michael G

2014-10-01

78

[Endovascular reconstruction of the infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm--experiences with 3 endovascular stent prosthesis systems].  

Science.gov (United States)

Seventeen patients were treated with endovascular stent grafts for AAA (seven Stentor, two Vanguard, three Talent and three EVT grafts). Intraoperative conversion to open procedure was necessary in three cases. One patient had open operation 24 h postoperatively for graft thrombosis. All patients had uneventful recovery. During follow-up (1-35 months) nine patients did not require reintervention. One patient had open repair for persistent endoleak: within 2 months postoperatively one midgraft endoleak, one graft limb thrombosis and one groin infection were treated. We did not observe any late complications. PMID:9931843

Zipfel, B; Biamino, G; Vogt, A; Diebold, T; Hetzer, R

1998-01-01

79

Correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal em paciente com rim em ferradura: relato de caso / Endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm in patient with horseshoe kidney: a case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O rim em ferradura é uma anomalia congênita rara que pode causar várias dificuldades técnicas durante a correção convencional de aneurisma de aorta abdominal. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 68 anos com rim em ferradura, aneurisma de aorta abdominal sintomático e disfunção renal leve. A paciente [...] foi submetida a correção endovascular, sendo utilizada uma endoprótese bifurcada. O pós-operatório foi livre de complicações. O diagnóstico e a técnica endovascular são discutidos, assim como a literatura revisada. Abstract in english Horseshoe kidney is a rare congenital anomaly that may cause various technical problems during conventional repairs of abdominal aortic aneurysms. We report the case of a 68-year-old woman with a horseshoe kidney, symptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysm and mild renal failure. The patient underwent en [...] dovascular repair using a bifurcated endoprosthesis. The postoperative was uneventful. We describe the diagnosis and the endovascular technique and literature review.

Eduardo Keller, Saadi; Luiz Henrique, Dussin; Leandro de, Moura; Alcides José, Zago.

80

Endovascular treatment of huge saccular abdominal aortic aneurysm in a young Behcet patient: mid-term result  

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Full Text Available Abstract Background Abdominal aortic aneurysm formation is among the arterial complications of Behcet's disease. Weakness and fragility of aortic walls leads to the development of arterial complications like pseudoaneurysms. Case Presentation A case of huge saccular abdominal aortic aneurysm in a young Behcet patient who was successfully treated with endovascular stent graft placement is reported, diagnostic and interventional procedures are discussed, and mid-term follow-up results are presented. Conclusions Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm complications of young Behcet patients who are not suitable for open surgery and need intervention could be an alternative treatment modality even without performing preprocedural angiography.

Turkoz Riza

2002-03-01

 
 
 
 
81

Correção endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal: análise dos resultados de único centro / Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: a single-center results analysis  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados clínicos imediatos e em médio prazo do tratamento endovascular em pacientes portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal em um centro de referência para doenças cardiovasculares. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de uma série de pacientes submetidos a tratamento [...] endovascular de aneurisma da aorta abdominal, no período de janeiro de 2009 a julho de 2010. Foram avaliados as características demográficas, o sucesso técnico, o sucesso terapêutico, a morbimortalidade, as complicações e a taxa de reintervenções perioperatórias imediatos, e após um ano de acompanhamento. RESULTADOS: Foram analisados 102 pacientes consecutivos com idade média de 72 ± 9 anos, sendo 79% deles do sexo masculino. Houve sucesso técnico em 97,1% e êxito terapêutico em 81% dos casos. A mortalidade perioperatória foi de 0,9% e a anual, de 7,8%. Foram necessárias reintervenções em 18,8% dos pacientes durante o seguimento. CONCLUSÃO: Em nosso estudo, os resultados obtidos justificam a realização desse procedimento nos pacientes com anatomia adequada. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To evaluate immediate and mid-term outcomes in a series of patients submitted to endovascular repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in a reference center for cardiovascular medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present retrospective study included a series of patients treated in t [...] he period from January 2009 to July 2010, and evaluated demographic characteristics, technical success, therapeutic success, morbimortality, immediate complications and perioperative reintervention rate in a one-year follow-up. RESULTS: The authors evaluated 102 consecutive patients with a mean age of 72 ± 9 years (79% were men). Technical success was observed in 97.1% of cases, and therapeutic success, in 81%. Perioperative mortality was 0.9% and one-year mortality rate was 7.8%. Reintervention was necessary in 18.8% of the patients during follow-up. CONCLUSION: The outcomes observed in the present study justify performing such a procedure in patients with suitable anatomy.

Eduardo Rafael, Novero; Patrick Bastos, Metzger; Fernanda Maria Resegue, Angelieri; Marcelo Bueno de Oliveira, Colli; Samuel Martins, Moreira; Nilo Mitsuru, Izukawa; Fabio Henrique, Rossi; Antonio Massamitsu, Kambara.

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Tratamiento endovascular del síndrome de vena cava superior / Endovascular treatment of superior vena cava syndrome  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english Background: Superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) is caused by the obstruction of venous drainage from the upper portion of the body. Common clinical findings are headache and cervical, facial and upper limb edema. Occasionally, clouding of consciousness appears. Aim: to report our experience with endo [...] vascular treatment of SVCS. Material and methods: Retrospective review of all patients with SVCS subjected to endovascular treatment between 1999 and 2005. Results: Eight patients were treated, all of them with malignancies. Six had a benign obstruction due to the presence of a chemotherapy catheter located in the superior vena cava, one had obstruction secondary to radiation therapy and one a tumor compression of the superior vena cava. Two patients underwent thrombolytic therapy. Angioplasty and stenting was performed in all patients. The chemotherapy catheter was removed to all patients and installed again in one. One patient had a hemothorax secondary to a simultaneous needle lung biopsy under video thoracoscopy. No patient died in relation to the procedure. Congestive signs and symptoms subsided in all patients within 24 hours after the procedure. During follow up, only one patient had symptoms related to vena cava obstruction and three died due to their malignant tumor. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of SVCS has a low rate of complications and provides immediate and mid-term symptom relief

Michel, Bergoeing R; Renato, Mertens M; Francisco, Valdés E; Albrecht, Krämer Sch; Manuel, Alvarez Z; Pablo, Bertin C; Rodrigo, Sagüés C; Eric, Orellana U; Héctor, Galindo A; Jeannette, Vergara G; Magaly, Valdebenito C.

83

Manejo actual de la estenosis de carótida: Tratamiento endovascular comparado con endarterectomía / Current management of carotid stenosis: Endovascular treatment versus endarterectomy  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish En estenosis carotidea, la única manera de prevenir nuevos eventos cerebrovasculares era mediante antiagregación. Después de los estudios NASCET y ECST se estableció que la endarterectomía conseguía mejores resultados. Ahora se ha establecido la terapia endovascular como alternativa. Nuestro objetiv [...] o es mostrar la evolución de la terapia endovascular en estenosis carotidea, contrastar los resultados entre tratamiento endovascular, médico y quirúrgico y exponer la situación actual de la terapia endovascular. Algunos estudios se realizaron hace décadas y tanto la técnica endovascular como los tratamientos médicos, no son comparables con los de hoy. Varios estudios coinciden en que el stenting beneficia a menores de 70 años y presenta al menos iguales resultados que la endarterectomía a corto plazo, con mayor tasa de reestenosis a largo plazo. Quedan por resolver la indicación de tratamiento en pacientes asintomáticos o la utilización de sistemas de protección. El tratamiento debe ser individualizado en un equipo multidisciplinar. Abstract in english Antiplatelet therapy used to be the only way to prevent further cerebrovascular events in patients with carotid stenosis. After publication of final results of the European Carotid Surgery Trial (ECST) and North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET), endarterectomy was considere [...] d the best treatment option. Currently, endovascular treatment of atherosclerotic carotid artery stenosis has been established as an alternative to surgical endarterectomy. Our aim is to show the evolution of endovascular therapy in carotid stenosis, to compare outcomes between endovascular, medical and surgical treatments, and to analize the current state of endovascular therapy. It is worth underscoring that many of the studies were conducted decades ago and consequently both the endovascular technique and medical treatments used then greatly differ from current practices. Several studies agree stenting benefits patients under 70 years of age and exhibits, at least, same short-term results as endarterectomy, along with higher rate of long-term restenosis. Indication for treatment in asymptomatic patients and the use of protection systems remain an unresolved issue. A multidisciplinary team should implement an individualized treatment plan for each patient.

Elvira, Jiménez G; Rafael, Oteros F; Fernando, Delgado A; Antonio, Cano S.

84

The follow-up value of multi-slice CT for abdominal aortic aneurysms after endovascular exclusion  

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Objective: To analyze the complications of abdominal aortic aneurysms after endovascular exclusion and evaluate the follow-up value by multi-slice CT. Methods: Multi-slice CT data of 193 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms after endoluminal stent-graft treatment during March 2000 to December 2006 were retrospectively analyzed and compared with the data before the endovascular exclusion. Results: Among 193 patients, graft broken and deformation in 4 patients, thrombosis in 1 stent graft, endoleak in 24 patients and graft infection in 2 patients were found by multi-slice CT; and still more having enlargement of 21 aneurysms, shrinkage in 81 aneurysms, and stability in size for 91 aneurysms. Conclusion: Multi-slice CT is considered as the first choice for the follow-up of abdominal aortic aneurysms after endovascular exclusion. (authors)

85

Endovascular Treatment of Blunt Traumatic Abdominal Aortic Occlusion With Kissing Stent Placement  

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Blunt traumatic abdominal aortic dissection is extremely rare and potentially deadly. We present the case of a 62-year-old man involved in a frontal car crash. After emergency undergoing laparotomy for bowel injuries, he was referred to our hospital due to acute ischemia of bilateral lower extremities on day 3 after the trauma. Computed tomography and aortography showed an aortobiiliac dissection with complete occlusion. This injury was successfully treated by endovascular treatment with 'kissing'-technique stent placement, which appears to be a safe, effective, and minimally invasive treatment.

Idoguchi, Koji, E-mail: idoguchi@ares.eonet.ne.jp; Yamaguchi, Masato; Okada, Takuya [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan); Nomura, Yoshikatsu [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Japan); Sugimura, Kazuro [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan); Okita, Yutaka [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Japan); Sugimoto, Koji [Kobe University Hospital, Department of Radiology and Center for Endovascular Therapy (Japan)

2012-10-15

86

MRI with MR Angiography in Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms  

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The aim of this study was to evaluate MRI with contrast enhanced MR angiography (MRI/CE MRA) as imaging method before and after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). A 1.5 T scanner was used for all examinations. In this prospective study 26 consecutive patients were included. Follow-up was performed between February 1995 and May 2002 (median follow-up; 36 months, range 8-84 months). In Paper I, we assessed the value of MRI/CE MRA as follow-up method. MRI/CE MRA provided th...

Engellau, Lena

2002-01-01

87

Endovascular Treatment of Blunt Traumatic Abdominal Aortic Occlusion With Kissing Stent Placement  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Blunt traumatic abdominal aortic dissection is extremely rare and potentially deadly. We present the case of a 62-year-old man involved in a frontal car crash. After emergency undergoing laparotomy for bowel injuries, he was referred to our hospital due to acute ischemia of bilateral lower extremities on day 3 after the trauma. Computed tomography and aortography showed an aortobiiliac dissection with complete occlusion. This injury was successfully treated by endovascular treatment with “kissing”-technique stent placement, which appears to be a safe, effective, and minimally invasive treatment.

88

Acute Testicular Ischemia following Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair Identified in the Emergency Department  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is perhaps the most widely utilized surgical procedure for patients with large abdominal aortic aneurysms. This procedure is minimally invasive and reduces inpatient hospitalization requirements. The case involves a 72-year-old male who presented to the emergency department with right testicular ischemia two days following EVAR. Given the minimal inpatient hospitalization associated with this procedure, emergency physicians are likely to encounter associated complications. Ischemic and thromboembolic events following EVAR are extremely rare but require prompt vascular surgery intervention to minimize morbidity and mortality. PMID:25114810

2014-01-01

89

Sac Hygroma After Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair: Successful Treatment with Endograft Relining  

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Aneurysm sac expansion following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is typically associated with endoleaks that can be readily diagnosed on computed tomographic angiography (CTA), ultrasound, or catheter-directed arteriography. Sac hygromas are a cause of sac expansion without apparent endoleak and are presumed to be a result of ultrafiltration of serum manifested by accumulation of fibrinous, gelatinous material within the aneurysm sac following EVAR. Although there are no reported associated ruptures, sac expansion is nevertheless disconcerting and intervention is presumably indicated. We report a case of an expanding aneurysm after EVAR secondary to sac hygroma that was successfully treated with relining of the existing, original endograft

90

The application of brachial-femoral stretch guidewire in endovascular exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

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Objective: To investigate the key technique and application value of brachial-femoral stretch guidewire in endovascular exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Methods: Since Mach 1997 to October 2002, endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm had been preformed on 136 patients. The main body short limb graft was used in 118 cases. (Vanguard 6, Talent 86, AneuRx 2, Zenith 3, domestic 21). 12 of these patients were undergone brachial-femoral guidewire technique for the procedure. Results: All of the 12 cases with brachial-femoral stretch guidewire technique had the stent-grafts introduced, connected and released successfully. One case suffered brachial artery thrombosis postoperatively. One case had left medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve injured, but no other artery or incision complications occurred. 9 cases with the brachial-femoral stretch guidewire technique showed obviously, shortening of the time for this procedure. Conclusions: For the patients with poor general condition or specific anatomic conditions, such as aneurysm diameter >6 cm and the angle between aneurysm and common iliac artery >45 degree, aneurysm necktwist > 30 degree or iliac artery twist > 45 degree, age over 75 years old and combination with more than one important organ disfunction, the brachial-femoral guidewire technique is the valuable method of choice

91

Endovascular Repair of an Actively Hemorrhaging Stab Wound Injury to the Abdominal Aorta  

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Traumatic injury of the abdominal aorta is rare and potentially lethal (Yeh et al., J Vasc Surg 42(5):1007-1009, 2005; Chicos et al., Chirurgia (Bucur) 102(2):237-240, 2007) as it can result in major retroperitoneal hemorrhage, requiring an urgent open surgery. In case of concomitant bowel injury or other conditions of hostile abdomen, endovascular repair can be an alternative treatment. This case report deals with a 50-year-old man presenting at the emergency ward with three stab wounds: two in the abdomen and one in the chest. During explorative laparotomy, liver laceration and bowel perforation were repaired. One day later, abdominal CT-scan revealed an additional retroperitoneal hematoma associated with an aortic pseudoaneurysm, located anteriorly 3 cm above the aortic bifurcation. Because of the risk of graft infection, an endovascular repair of the aortic injury using a Gore excluder stent-graft was performed. Radiological and clinical follow-up revealed a gradual shrinkage of the pseudo-aneurysm and no sign of graft infection at two years' follow-up.

92

Aortoenteric Fistula as a Complication of Open Reconstruction and Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aorta  

Science.gov (United States)

The paper intends to present a review of imaging characteristics of secondary aortoenteric fistula (AEF). Mechanical injury, infection, and adherence of a bowel segment to the aorta or aortic graft are major etiologic factors of AEF after open aortic repair. The pathogenesis of AEF formation after endovascular abdominal aortic repair is related to mechanical failure of the stent-graft, to stent graft infection, and to persistent pressurization of the aneurysmal sac. The major clinical manifestations of AEF comprise haematemesis, melaena, abdominal pain, sepsis, and fever. CT is the initial diagnostic modality of choice in a stable patient. However, the majority of reported CT appearances are not specific. In case of equivocal CT scans and clinical suspicion of AEF, scintigraphy, 67Ga citrate scans or 18F-FDG PET/CT is useful. Diagnostic accuracy of endoscopy in evaluation of AEF is low; nevertheless it allows to evaluate other than AEF etiologies of gastrointestinal bleeding. Without adequate therapy, AEF is lethal. Conventional surgical treatment is associated with high morbidity and mortality. The endovascular repair may be an option in hemodynamically unstable and high-risk surgical patients. We also illustrate an example of a secondary AEF with highly specific albeit rare radiologic picture from our institution. PMID:25302119

Tagowski, Marek; Vieweg, Hendryk; Wissgott, Christian; Andresen, Reimer

2014-01-01

93

Endotension Distribution in Fluid-Structure Interaction Analysis of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Following Endovascular Repair  

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Full Text Available Endovascular aneurysm repair is a new and minimally invasive repair for patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA. However, endotension is one of the post-operative compliances of endo-vascular aneurysm repair in abdominal aortic aneurysm. Typically, endotension is mainly a result of pressure transmitted to the aneurysm sac through endovascular implanted graft (EVG by intermediary of the stagnant blood filled aneurysm cavity. Focusing on a representative AAA with an EVG, a fluid-structure interaction (FSI solver has been employed to provide physical insight for evaluating the blood flow dynamics, maximum AAA-stresses and deformations. Although implanting an EVG can reduce the sac pressure, mechanical stress and wall deformation in AAAs significantly, they remain non-zero. These magnitudes depend on multi-factors including blood flow conditions such as velocity and pressure, as well as EVG and aneurysm geometries. In this study, it was found that blood flow velocity deceleration occurs on the graft due to the curvature of its neck, so greater curvature of the graft neck can contribute to vortex formation in this area and exert load on the graft wall. In the iliac bifurcation region, divaricating of the flow leads to a large net flow momentum change. It results in additional stress on the implant graft and may lead to graft migration. One of the peak wall stress points is in the neck region where the stent-graft is in contact with the aneurysm wall. This necessitates considering adequate graft fixation to withstand the stresses of blood flow through the implanted graft. Also, maximum deformation of sac wall occurs in around the large diameter of the sac, and deformation during the systole phase is higher than that during the diastole phase.

Zeinab Hooshyar

2014-08-01

94

Tratamiento endovascular de la trombosis aguda por tromboaspiración  

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Full Text Available Paciente de 75 años ingreso a unidad coronaria por fibrilación auricular paroxística complicada con ausencia de pulso radial y braquial izquierdo. Se realiza angiografía arterial de miembro superior y se observa oclusión arterial trombótica axilo-humeral. Se intento en forma no exitosa embolectomia,debido a que la imagen trombótica se encuentra distal al nacimiento de la arteria vertebral se realiza angioplastia y tromboaspiración. Post tratamiento inmediato se observa restitución del flujo radial, con recolección de trombos.A 75 years old female patient, who arrived to intensive care with diagnostic of paroxistical atrial fibrillation complicated with loose of radial and humeral pulse. We carried out an angiography of upper left arm and found out axilar thrombotic occlusion. Without success we perform an embolectomy. Due to the image of the thrombus is distal to the growth of the vertebral artery, we execute an angioplasty and tromboaspiration with success. After treatment the patient recovered distal pulse.

A Goldsmit

2004-05-01

95

Aneurisma de aorta torácica por úlcera aterosclerótica penetrante: tratamiento endovascular, híbrido o cirugía. Revisión / Penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer of the thoracic aorta: endovascular treatment, hybrid or surgery. A review  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los aneurismas de aorta pueden acompañarse de síndromes aórticos agudos (SAA) que cursan con debilitamiento de la capa media, lo cual condiciona un riesgo de ruptura aórtica, con alta morbilidad y mortalidad. La úlcera penetrante constituye 5% de los SAA y resulta de una progresiva erosión de una pl [...] aca ateromatosa que penetra la lámina elástica interna y permite la formación de un hematoma en la media de la pared aórtica. El tratamiento endovascular es una alternativa al tratamiento quirúrgico en los SAA que ha demostrado una adecuada tasa de éxito; sin embargo, existe en la actualidad otra modalidad que se conoce como tratamiento híbrido (quirúrgico y endovascular) que parece estar dando adecuados resultados. El caso que analizamos a continuación es el de un paciente que tuvo una úlcera penetrante. El hematoma resultante generó un aneurisma contenido con riesgo de ruptura. Además, en este estudio comentaremos las opciones en el tratamiento de estos pacientes. Abstract in english The aortic aneurysm is part of the acute aortic syndromes (AAS). Aortic aneurysms have a weakened tunica media. Acute aneurysm expansion may herald rupture with high morbility and mortality. Five percent of AAS are diagnosed as pentetrating atherosclerotic ulcer which is an ulceration of an atherosc [...] lerotic lesion of the aorta that penetrates the internal elastic lamina and allows hematoma formation within the tunica media of the aortic wall. Endovascular treatment is an alternative to surgery and has provided an adequate rate of successful repair. There is another type of treatment which combines surgery and endovascular repair (the hybrid open-endovascular repair) which provides adequate results. The afford mention case is about a patient with a penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer. The hematoma that results from this ulcer extends and self-contains the aneurysm, with a high risk of rupture. We will also describe the aneurysm treatment options.

Magali, Herrera-Gomar; Marco Antonio, Alcántara-Meléndez; Catalina, Lomelí-Estrada; Celso, Mendoza-González; Carlos Alberto, Aguirre-Molina; José Antonio, Lorenzo-Negrete; Eric, Kimura-Hayama; Martín, Rosas-Peralta; Fause, Attie-Cury.

96

Exclusión endovascular de un aneurisma de la aorta abdominal con una endoprótesis fenestrada balón expandible / Endovascular Exclusion of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with a Fenestrated Balloon-Expandable Stent-Graft  

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Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish La reparación endovascular de los aneurismas de la aorta abdominal (AAA) es una alternativa atractiva a la cirugía convencional. El límite absoluto para el implante de una endoprótesis estándar es la presencia de una o ambas arterias renales emergiendo del saco aneurismático. En estos casos, el empl [...] eo de dispositivos fenestrados con preservación del flujo sanguíneo de dichas arterias puede ser una alternativa terapéutica al tratamiento convencional. El objetivo de esta presentación es comunicar la colocación de una endoprótesis fenestrada balón expandible en un paciente con AAA, monorreno y con un riñón intrapelviano en el que la arteria renal emergía del saco aneurismático. Por vía femoral derecha sobre una guía rígida se ascendió el tronco aórtico de la endoprótesis. A continuación, por la misma vía, se ascendió el módulo de conexión entre el tronco aórtico y la arteria ilíaca común derecha. Un tercer módulo conectó la rama de la fenestración del segundo módulo con la arteria renal. El procedimiento se completó con la oclusión de la arteria ilíaca común izquierda (mediante stent oclusor) y la realización de un bypass femorofemoral. El éxito clínico y de implante alcanzado con este paciente muestra que las endoprótesis fenestradas son una opción en anatomías complejas y nos alienta a continuar trabajando con este tipo de dispositivos. Abstract in english Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) is an attractive option to conventional surgery. The presence of one or both renal arteries emerging from the aneurysmal sac is the absolute limit for implanting a standard stent-graft. In these cases, the use of fenestrated devices that preser [...] ve blood flow to these arteries might constitute a therapeutic option to conventional treatment. The aim of this case report is to describe the implant of a balloon-expandable stent-graft using a fenestrated device in a patient with an AAA and only one kidney located in the pelvis with a renal artery emerging from the aneurysmal sac. A stiff guide-wire was introduced via the femoral artery and the aortic segment of the stent-graft was advanced. A second segment was introduced to connect the aortic trunk with the right common iliac artery. Finally, a third segment connected the fenestrated branch of the second segment with the renal artery. The procedure ended with the placement of an occluder device in the left common iliac artery and a femorofemoral bypass graft surgery. The clinical success achieved with this patient demonstrates that fenestrated stent-grafts are an option in complex anatomies and encourages us to keep on working with this type of devices.

Hernán G., Bertoni; Germán, Girela; Miguel, Peirano; Jorge H., Leguizamón; Sergio, Ludueña; Héctor, Barone.

97

Tratamiento endovascular de la trombosis aguda por tromboaspiración  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Costa Rica | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Paciente de 75 años ingreso a unidad coronaria por fibrilación auricular paroxística complicada con ausencia de pulso radial y braquial izquierdo. Se realiza angiografía arterial de miembro superior y se observa oclusión arterial trombótica axilo-humeral. Se intento en forma no exitosa embolectomia, [...] debido a que la imagen trombótica se encuentra distal al nacimiento de la arteria vertebral se realiza angioplastia y tromboaspiración. Post tratamiento inmediato se observa restitución del flujo radial, con recolección de trombos. Abstract in english A 75 years old female patient, who arrived to intensive care with diagnostic of paroxistical atrial fibrillation complicated with loose of radial and humeral pulse. We carried out an angiography of upper left arm and found out axilar thrombotic occlusion. Without success we perform an embolectomy. D [...] ue to the image of the thrombus is distal to the growth of the vertebral artery, we execute an angioplasty and tromboaspiration with success. After treatment the patient recovered distal pulse.

A, Goldsmit; R, Gómes Marques; C, Deluca; C, Sztejfman; M, Bettiotti.

98

A Case Report of the Endovascular Treatment of Mycotic Abdominal Aortic Pseudoaneurysms Using a Customized Stent-Graft  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Abdominal aortic aneurysms located around the major branch of the aorta were treated surgically rather than by endovascular treatment due to the complex anatomy. Recently, the treatment modality evolved towards a customized stent-graft. We report on a case of a mycotic pseudoaneurysm originating in the abdominal aorta at the level of superior mesenteric artery, which was treated with a customized stent-graft.

99

A Case Report of the Endovascular Treatment of Mycotic Abdominal Aortic Pseudoaneurysms Using a Customized Stent-Graft  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Abdominal aortic aneurysms located around the major branch of the aorta were treated surgically rather than by endovascular treatment due to the complex anatomy. Recently, the treatment modality evolved towards a customized stent-graft. We report on a case of a mycotic pseudoaneurysm originating in the abdominal aorta at the level of superior mesenteric artery, which was treated with a customized stent-graft.

Jung, Hye Doo; Lim, Jae Hoon; Kim, Jae Kyu [Dept. of Radiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Jeong, Seo In; Yim, Nam Yeol; Chang, Nam Kyu [Dept. of Radiology, Chonnam National University Hwasun Hospital, Hwasun (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Soo Jin Na [Dept. of Radiology, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)

2011-09-15

100

Unusual perigraft abscess formation associated with stent graft infection after endovascular aortic repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: A case report  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Although a stent graft infection after endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a rare complication, it carries a high mortality and morbidity rate. We report a rare case of stent graft infection that led to an unusual perigraft abscess formation without any associated aortoenteric fistula two years after the EVAR of AAA.

 
 
 
 
101

Abdominal aortic aneurysm calcification and thrombus volume are not associated with outcome following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

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Aortic calcification and thrombus have been postulated to worsen outcome following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). The purpose of this study was to assess the association of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) calcification and thrombus volume with outcome following EVAR using a reproducible, quantifiable computed tomography (CT) assessment protocol. Patients with elective EVAR performed between January 2002 and 2012 at the Townsville Hospital, Mater Private Hospital (Townsville) and Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital (RBWH) were included if preoperative CTAs were available for analysis. AAA calcification and thrombus volume were measured using a semiautomated workstation protocol. Outcomes were assessed in terms of clinical failure, endoleak (type I, type II) and reintervention. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Median follow-up was 1.7 years and the interquartile range 1.0-3.8 years. One hundred thirty-four patients undergoing elective EVAR were included in the study. Rates of primary clinical success and freedom from reintervention were 82.8 % and 88.9 % at the 24-month follow-up. AAA calcification and thrombus volume were not associated with clinical failure, type I endoleak, type II endoleak or reintervention. AAA calcification and thrombus volume were not associated with poorer outcome after EVAR in this study. (orig.)

Rai, Divyajeet; Velu, Ramesh; Tosenovsky, Patrik; Quigley, Francis [James Cook University, Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Townsville, Queensland (Australia); The Townsville Hospital, Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Douglas (Australia); Wisniowski, Brendan; Walker, Philip J. [James Cook University, Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Townsville, Queensland (Australia); University of Queensland, School of Medicine and Centre for Clinical Research, Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Brisbane and Women' s Hospital, Herston, QLD (Australia); Bradshaw, Barbara [James Cook University, Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Townsville, Queensland (Australia); Golledge, Jonathan [James Cook University, Queensland Research Centre for Peripheral Vascular Disease, School of Medicine and Dentistry, Townsville, Queensland (Australia); The Townsville Hospital, Department of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Douglas (Australia); University of Queensland, School of Medicine and Centre for Clinical Research, Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Brisbane and Women' s Hospital, Herston, QLD (Australia)

2014-08-15

102

Abdominal aortic aneurysm calcification and thrombus volume are not associated with outcome following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aortic calcification and thrombus have been postulated to worsen outcome following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). The purpose of this study was to assess the association of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) calcification and thrombus volume with outcome following EVAR using a reproducible, quantifiable computed tomography (CT) assessment protocol. Patients with elective EVAR performed between January 2002 and 2012 at the Townsville Hospital, Mater Private Hospital (Townsville) and Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital (RBWH) were included if preoperative CTAs were available for analysis. AAA calcification and thrombus volume were measured using a semiautomated workstation protocol. Outcomes were assessed in terms of clinical failure, endoleak (type I, type II) and reintervention. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Median follow-up was 1.7 years and the interquartile range 1.0-3.8 years. One hundred thirty-four patients undergoing elective EVAR were included in the study. Rates of primary clinical success and freedom from reintervention were 82.8 % and 88.9 % at the 24-month follow-up. AAA calcification and thrombus volume were not associated with clinical failure, type I endoleak, type II endoleak or reintervention. AAA calcification and thrombus volume were not associated with poorer outcome after EVAR in this study. (orig.)

103

Endovascular stent-graft placement and secondary intervention for abdominal aortic aneurysm in a patient who had a previously inserted iliac stent  

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Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm is associated with low morbidity and mortality rates when compared to open surgery, and this can be used in patients who are at a high risk for open surgical repair. Also, secondary intervention is an important for achieving intermediate and long term success of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm as this can resolve complications. We report here on endovascular stent-graft placement and a secondary interventional procedure in the abdominal aortic aneurysm of a patient who had a previously inserted iliac stent.

Jeon, Yong Sun; Cho, Soon Gu; Hong, Kee Chun [Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon (Korea, Republic of)

2007-04-15

104

Endovascular stent graft repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms: Current status and future directions  

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Full Text Available Endovascular stent graft repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA has undergone rapid developments since it was introduced in the early 1990s. Two main types of aortic stent grafts have been developed and are currently being used in clinical practice to deal with patients with complicated or unsuitable aneurysm necks, namely, suprarenal and fenestrated stent grafts. Helical computed tomography angiography has been widely recognized as the method of choice for both pre-operative planning and post-operative follow-up of endovascular repair (EVAR. In addition to 2D axial images, a number of 2D and 3D reconstructions are generated to provide additional information about imaging of the stent grafts in relation to the aortic aneurysm diameter and extent, encroachment of stent wires to the renal artery ostium and position of the fenestrated vessel stents. The purpose of this article is to provide an overview of applications of EVAR of AAA and diagnostic applications of 2D and 3D image visualizations in the assessment of treatment outcomes of EVAR. Interference of stent wires with renal blood flow from the hemodynamic point of view will also be discussed, and future directions explored.

Zhonghua Sun

2009-12-01

105

Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms: value of postoperative follow-up with helical CT  

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Objective: To determine the value of helical CT for the follow-up of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) after graft implantation. Methods: Twenty-six patients with AAAs underwent helical CT within 3 days after graft placement. Additional follow-up CT scans were obtained in 22 patients 3 months after placement. The diameter of the aneurysmal sac, complications of the procedure, position, shape, and patency of the device were recorded. Results: CT scans obtained within 3 days after placement showed complete thrombosis of the aneurysm in 20 patients, and 6 patients with peri-graft channels; 3 months later, of 17 thrombosed aneurysms, 9 decreased in diameter, 7 remained unchanged, and 1 increased in diameter; of 5 aneurysms with peri-graft channels, 2 decreased in diameter, 2 were stable, and 1 became enlarged. 20 of 26 patients (76.92%) were successful with endovascular repair. Conclusion: Helical CT is a valuable means in follow-up of the patients after endovascular repair

106

Percutaneous Treatment of Sac Rupture in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms Previously Excluded with Endovascular Repair (EVAR)  

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The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of percutaneous endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) previously treated by EVAR. In the last year, two male patients with AAAs, treated 8 and 23 months ago with bifurcated stent-graft, were observed because of lumbar pain and hemorragic shock. Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) showed a retroperitoneal hematoma; in both cases a type III endoleak was detected, in one case associated with a type II endoleak from the iliolumbar artery. The procedures were performed in the theater, in emergency. Type II endoleak was treated with transcatheter superselective glue injection; type III endoleaks were excluded by a stent-graft extension. The procedures were successful in both patients, with immediate hemodynamic stabilization. MDCT after the procedure showed complete exclusion of the aneurysms. In conclusion, endovascular treatment is a safe and feasible option for the treatment of ruptured AAAs previously treated by EVAR; this approach allows avoidance of surgical conversion, which is technical very challenging, with a high morbidity and mortality rate.

107

Stent graft infection secondary to appendicitis: an unusual complication of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

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We present a case of a 73-year-old gentleman with an aortic endograft infection post endovascular abdominal aneurysm repair (EVAR), from whence erosion has come in from an acutely inflamed appendix. To our best understanding, there is no similar case published in the literature. Intra-operatively, there was obvious inflammation and oedema over the retroperitoneal tissue, with frank pus and thrombotic material projecting from the aorta. The tip of an obviously inflamed appendix had stuck to and eroded through the aortic sac, seeding the infection. The endograft was explanted and the aneurysm sac oversewn. Lower limb circulation was preserved with a right axillo-femoral Dacron bypass graft. This case highlights a rare complication following EVAR, and for one to consider unusual sources of graft infection. PMID:25326918

Perera, Kalpa G; Wong, Ed; Devine, Terry

2014-01-01

108

Management of endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm with neck bigger than sixty degrees  

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Objective: To study the possibility and the feasibility of endovascular exclusion (EVE) in treating abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and expanding its application extent. Methods: Perform a modified technical procedure for AAA with neck bigger than sixty degree through bundle up or put in Cuff manoeuvre and follow by EVE. Results: AAA with neck bigger than sixty degree are completely excluded after the procedure revealing under color duplex scan, CTA, MRA with confirmations of the stent stability torsionlessness and no endo-leak. Conclusions: It is a safe, feasible method for EVE to treat AAA with neck bigger than sixty degree. Its characteristic mini-trauma is specially suitable for the old and weak patients

109

Evaluation of texture for classification of abdominal aortic aneurysm after endovascular repair.  

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The use of the endovascular prostheses in abdominal aortic aneurysm has proven to be an effective technique to reduce the pressure and rupture risk of aneurysm. Nevertheless, in a long-term perspective, complications such as leaks inside the aneurysm sac (endoleaks) could appear causing a pressure elevation and increasing the danger of rupture consequently. At present, computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is the most common examination for medical surveillance. However, endoleak complications cannot always be detected by visual inspection on CTA scans. The investigation on new techniques to detect endoleaks and analyse their effects on treatment evolution is of great importance for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) technique. The purpose of this work was to evaluate the capability of texture features obtained from the aneurysmatic thrombus CT images to discriminate different types of evolutions caused by endoleaks. The regions of interest (ROIs) from patients with different post-EVAR evolution were extracted by experienced radiologists. Three techniques were applied to each ROI to obtain texture parameters, namely the grey level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM), the grey level run length matrix (GLRLM) and the grey level difference method (GLDM). The results showed that GLCM, GLRLM and GLDM features presented a good discrimination ability to differentiate between favourable or unfavourable evolutions. GLCM was the most efficient in terms of classification accuracy (93.41%?±?0.024) followed by GLRLM (90.17%?±?0.077) and finally by GLDM (81.98%?±?0.045). According to the results, we can consider texture analysis as complementary information to classified abdominal aneurysm evolution after EVAR. PMID:21901536

García, Guillermo; Maiora, Josu; Tapia, Arantxa; De Blas, Mariano

2012-06-01

110

Tratamento endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal em paciente com rim em ferradura: relato de caso / Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm in patient with horseshoe kidney: a case report  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O rim em ferradura é uma das anomalias urológicas congênitas mais comuns e está presente em cerca de 0,12% dos pacientes com aneurisma de aorta abdominal. O reparo cirúrgico convencional está associado a dificuldades técnicas que provavelmente aumentam a morbidade e a mortalidade, mas que podem ser [...] evitadas com o tratamento endovascular. Relatamos um caso de um paciente de 64 anos com rim em ferradura e aneurisma de aorta abdominal, que foi submetido ao reparo endovascular do aneurisma com sucesso. Abstract in english The horseshoe kidney is one of the most common urologic anomalies and is present in about 0,12% of the patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm. The conventional surgical repair is associated with technical difficulties that probably increase morbidity and mortality, but can be averted by the endovas [...] cular treatment. We report a case of a 64-year-old patient with horseshoe kidney and abdominal aortic aneurysm, who underwent endovascular repair with success.

José Manoel da Silva, Silvestre; Gustavo Teixeira Fulton, Schimit; Wander Eduardo, Sardinha; Guilherme da Silva, Silvestre; Guilon Otávio Santos, Tenório; Fernando Barbosa, Trevisan.

2013-03-01

111

Tratamiento endovascular selectivo de la ateroesclerosis de la bifurcación carotídea Selective endovascular treatment of atherosclerotic carotid disease  

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Full Text Available Resumen: El desarrollo de la cirugía endovascular (CE ha permitido el tratamiento exitoso de la aterosclerosis carotídea en forma mínimamente invasiva. La endarterectomía sigue siendo la mejor alternativa terapéutica para la estenosis de la bifurcación carotídea, estando la CE reservada para pacientes considerados de alto riesgo médico o anatómico para la cirugía convencional. Objetivo: Analizar nuestros resultados iniciales con la CE aplicada a lesiones ateroscleróticas de la bifurcación carotídea. Estudio retrospectivo de base de datos prospectiva. Material y Método: Se revisan los antecedentes clínicos e imagenológicos de pacientes tratados con CE mediante angioplastía y stenting entre 2005-2007, por estenosis carotídea mayor de 70%. El seguimiento incluyó evaluación clínica y control periódico por imágenes. Resultados: Se realizó tratamiento en 11 pacientes por estenosis crítica (54,6% hombres, 70,6 años, rango: 61-76. La indicación terapéutica fue: alto riesgo médico (5, o anatómico (6. Alrededor de dos tercios de los pacientes consultaron por síntomas neurológicos. El éxito técnico fue de 100%, sin estenosis residual. En el período postoperatorio precoz una paciente tratada por re-estenosis carotídea sintomática presentó déficit isquémico hemisférico en zona limítrofe ipsilateral sin secuela clínica posterior (Rankin 0. La estada hospitalaria fue de 6 días (mediana, rango 2-25. No hubo isquemia miocárdica clínica ni mortalidad perioperatoria. Durante el seguimiento de 17,4 ± 4,8 meses, no hubo mortalidad, déficit neurológico nuevo ni re-estenosis. Conclusión: La CE es una alternativa eficaz con riesgo razonable en seleccionados pacientes portadores de enfermedad aterosclerótica de la bifurcación carotídea con alto riesgo anatómico o médico para la cirugía convencional.Summary: The development of endovascular surgery (ES has allowed successful treatment of atherosclerotic carotid stenosis. Carotid endarterectomy continúes to be the option of choice for the treatment of carotid bifurcation atherosclerosis; ES is indicated in patients considered to be of high risk for conventional surgery based on medical or anatomical considerations. Aim: To analyze our early results with ES of atherosclerotic carotid stenosis. A retrospective study based on a prospective datábase. Material ano Method: A prospective datábase of medical records and image studies of all patients with carotid stenosis > 70% treated with angioplasty and stenting between 2005-2007 are reviewed. Follow-up included scheduled clinical visits and appropriate image studies. Results: Eleven patients were treated (54.6 % men, 70.6 years, range: 61-76. Indication for ES was high medical (5 or anatomical (6 risk patients. Two thirds of the patients were symptomatic. Technical success without residual stenosis was achieved in all patients. One minor ipsilateral ischemic hemispheric déficit developed in the early postoperative period in one symptomatic patient treated for recurrent bifurcation stenosis, with full recovery at follow-up (Rankin 0. Median hospital stay was six days (2-25. No early mortality or clinical myocardial ischemia was observed. No mortality, brain ischemia ñor restenosis were recorded during the follow- up period (17.4 ± 4.8 months. Conclusions: ES is an excellent alternative for the treatment of carotid bifurcation disease in selected high risk patients.

LEOPOLDO MARINÉ M

2008-12-01

112

Tratamiento endovascular selectivo de la ateroesclerosis de la bifurcación carotídea / Selective endovascular treatment of atherosclerotic carotid disease  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Resumen: El desarrollo de la cirugía endovascular (CE) ha permitido el tratamiento exitoso de la aterosclerosis carotídea en forma mínimamente invasiva. La endarterectomía sigue siendo la mejor alternativa terapéutica para la estenosis de la bifurcación carotídea, estando la CE reservada para pacien [...] tes considerados de alto riesgo médico o anatómico para la cirugía convencional. Objetivo: Analizar nuestros resultados iniciales con la CE aplicada a lesiones ateroscleróticas de la bifurcación carotídea. Estudio retrospectivo de base de datos prospectiva. Material y Método: Se revisan los antecedentes clínicos e imagenológicos de pacientes tratados con CE mediante angioplastía y stenting entre 2005-2007, por estenosis carotídea mayor de 70%. El seguimiento incluyó evaluación clínica y control periódico por imágenes. Resultados: Se realizó tratamiento en 11 pacientes por estenosis crítica (54,6% hombres, 70,6 años, rango: 61-76). La indicación terapéutica fue: alto riesgo médico (5), o anatómico (6). Alrededor de dos tercios de los pacientes consultaron por síntomas neurológicos. El éxito técnico fue de 100%, sin estenosis residual. En el período postoperatorio precoz una paciente tratada por re-estenosis carotídea sintomática presentó déficit isquémico hemisférico en zona limítrofe ipsilateral sin secuela clínica posterior (Rankin 0). La estada hospitalaria fue de 6 días (mediana, rango 2-25). No hubo isquemia miocárdica clínica ni mortalidad perioperatoria. Durante el seguimiento de 17,4 ± 4,8 meses, no hubo mortalidad, déficit neurológico nuevo ni re-estenosis. Conclusión: La CE es una alternativa eficaz con riesgo razonable en seleccionados pacientes portadores de enfermedad aterosclerótica de la bifurcación carotídea con alto riesgo anatómico o médico para la cirugía convencional. Abstract in english Summary: The development of endovascular surgery (ES) has allowed successful treatment of atherosclerotic carotid stenosis. Carotid endarterectomy continúes to be the option of choice for the treatment of carotid bifurcation atherosclerosis; ES is indicated in patients considered to be of high risk [...] for conventional surgery based on medical or anatomical considerations. Aim: To analyze our early results with ES of atherosclerotic carotid stenosis. A retrospective study based on a prospective datábase. Material ano Method: A prospective datábase of medical records and image studies of all patients with carotid stenosis > 70% treated with angioplasty and stenting between 2005-2007 are reviewed. Follow-up included scheduled clinical visits and appropriate image studies. Results: Eleven patients were treated (54.6 % men, 70.6 years, range: 61-76). Indication for ES was high medical (5) or anatomical (6) risk patients. Two thirds of the patients were symptomatic. Technical success without residual stenosis was achieved in all patients. One minor ipsilateral ischemic hemispheric déficit developed in the early postoperative period in one symptomatic patient treated for recurrent bifurcation stenosis, with full recovery at follow-up (Rankin 0). Median hospital stay was six days (2-25). No early mortality or clinical myocardial ischemia was observed. No mortality, brain ischemia ñor restenosis were recorded during the follow- up period (17.4 ± 4.8 months). Conclusions: ES is an excellent alternative for the treatment of carotid bifurcation disease in selected high risk patients.

LEOPOLDO, MARINÉ M.

113

Tratamiento endovascular de urgencia con endoprótesis de aneurisma roto disecado de aorta torácica: A propósito de un caso / Emergency endovascular treatment with endoprosthesis of ruptured dissected aneurysm of thoracic aorta: Report of one case  

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Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Los aneurismas de aorta torácica son menos comunes que los aneurismas de aorta abdominal y pueden encontrarse en aorta ascendente, arco aórtico, aorta descendente o en una combinación de estos segmentos. De estos aneurismas el 30% al 40% se originan en la aorta torácica descendente. En los aneurisma [...] s de aorta torácica existe una debilidad estructural de la pared de la aorta, que conlleva una dilatación arterial progresiva con eventual ruptura o disección. Aproximadamente, 50% de los aneurismas de aorta torácica son ateroscleróticos y ocurren como resultado de remodelado arterial y dilatación o a raíz de un metabolismo anormal del colágeno. La mayoría de los aneurismas de aorta torácica se descubren por casualidad durante la evaluación de otros problemas médicos. La meta del tratamiento de los aneurismas de aorta torácica, es prevenir la muerte debido a su ruptura. El riesgo de ruptura de los no tratados oscila entre 46% a 74% y la tasa de mortalidad por su ruptura es extremadamente alta. Los aneurismas de gran tamaño, en especial aquellos mayores de 6 cm, son más susceptibles de rupturas que los aneurismas de menor tamaño. El tratamiento endovascular, inicialmente desarrollado para los aneurismas de aorta abdominal, se introdujo en 1992 como una alternativa menos invasiva al tratamiento de cirugía abierta para los aneurismas de la aorta torácica descendente. En la actualidad, el injerto de stent endovascular en la aorta descendente o endoprótesis, recibe mayor atención como alternativa al reparo quirúrgico de los aneurismas de aorta torácica. Abstract in english Thoracic aortic aneurysms are less common than abdominal aortic aneurysms and can be found in ascending aorta, aortic arch, descending aorta or in a combination of these segments. 30% to 40% of these aneurysms are originated in thoracic descending aorta. In thoracic aortic aneurysms there exists a s [...] tructural wall weakness that leads to a progressive arterial dilation with eventual rupture or dissection. Approximately 50% of all thoracic aortic aneurysms are atherosclerotic and are the result of arterial restructure and dilation or are due to an abnormal collagen metabolism. Most thoracic aortic aneurysms are only found by chance during other medical problems evaluation. The goal of thoracic aortic aneurysms treatment is the prevention of death due to its rupture. Ruptured risk of untreated aneurysms oscillates between 46% and 74% and mortality rate due to its rupture is extremely high. Large aneurysms, especially when they are greater than 6 cm in diameter are more susceptible of ruptures than smaller aneurysms. Endovascular treatment, initially developed for abdominal aortic aneurysms, was introduced in 1992 as a less invasive alternative to open surgery treatment for descending thoracic aortic aneurysms. Endovascular stent or endoprosthesis is actually getting more attention as an alternative to surgical repair of thoracic aortic aneurysms.

José, Lugo; Luis I, Calderón; Germán, Gómez; Pablo, Castro; Edgar, Hurtado; Gilberto, Estrada; Jaime, Fonseca; Sara, Mendoza; Hernando, Santos; Víctor, Caicedo; Hernando, Orjuela; Mauricio, Abello.

114

Outcomes and Prognostic Factors of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in Patients with Hostile Neck Anatomy  

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To evaluate the outcomes and find the prognostic factors of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) in patients with hostile neck anatomy of the abdominal aorta. This study was performed on 100 patients with abdominal aneurysm who were treated with EVAR between March 2006 and December 2010. We divided the patients into two groups: good neck anatomy (GNA), and hostile neck anatomy (HNA) and then compared the primary success rate and the incidence rate of complications with EVAR between the two groups. Our aim was to determine the factors related to the complications of EVAR among HNA types. There were no significant differences of primary success rate and incidence rate of complications between the two groups. Among the types of HNA, the short neck angle [odd ratio (OR), 4.23; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.21-18.70; p = 0.023] and large neck angle (OR, 2.58; 95% CI, 0.15-11.85; p = 0.031) showed a low primary success rate. The short neck angle (OR, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.18-12.29; p = 0.002) and large neck angle (OR, 4.67; 95% CI, 0.14-19.07; p = 0.032) showed a high incidence rate of early type 1 complication. In the case of the large neck angle (OR, 3.78; 95% CI, 0.96-20.80; p = 0.047), the large neck thrombus (OR, 2.23; 95% CI, 0.24-7.12; p = 0.035) and large neck calcification (OR, 2.50; 95% CI, 0.08-18.37; p 0.043) showed a high incidence rate of complications within a year. The results suggest that patients with hostile neck anatomy can be treated with EVAR successfully, although there was a higher incidence of complications in patients with a short neck length, severe neck angulation, circumferential thrombosis, and calcified proximal neck.

Jung, Hye Doo; Lee, Yun Young; Lee, Seung Jin; Yim, Nam Yeol; Kim, Jae Kyu; Choi, Soo Jin Na; Jung, Sang Young [Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of); Chang, Nam Kyu [Dept. of Radiology, St. Carollo Hospital, Suncheon (Korea, Republic of); Lim, Jae Hoon [Dept. of Radiology, Donggunsan Hospital, Gunsan (Korea, Republic of)

2012-09-15

115

Outcomes and Prognostic Factors of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair in Patients with Hostile Neck Anatomy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

To evaluate the outcomes and find the prognostic factors of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) in patients with hostile neck anatomy of the abdominal aorta. This study was performed on 100 patients with abdominal aneurysm who were treated with EVAR between March 2006 and December 2010. We divided the patients into two groups: good neck anatomy (GNA), and hostile neck anatomy (HNA) and then compared the primary success rate and the incidence rate of complications with EVAR between the two groups. Our aim was to determine the factors related to the complications of EVAR among HNA types. There were no significant differences of primary success rate and incidence rate of complications between the two groups. Among the types of HNA, the short neck angle [odd ratio (OR), 4.23; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.21-18.70; p = 0.023] and large neck angle (OR, 2.58; 95% CI, 0.15-11.85; p = 0.031) showed a low primary success rate. The short neck angle (OR, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.18-12.29; p = 0.002) and large neck angle (OR, 4.67; 95% CI, 0.14-19.07; p = 0.032) showed a high incidence rate of early type 1 complication. In the case of the large neck angle (OR, 3.78; 95% CI, 0.96-20.80; p = 0.047), the large neck thrombus (OR, 2.23; 95% CI, 0.24-7.12; p = 0.035) and large neck calcification (OR, 2.50; 95% CI, 0.08-18.37; p 0.043) showed a high incidence rate of complications within a year. The results suggest that patients with hostile neck anatomy can be treated with EVostile neck anatomy can be treated with EVAR successfully, although there was a higher incidence of complications in patients with a short neck length, severe neck angulation, circumferential thrombosis, and calcified proximal neck.

116

Endovascular Repair for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Reduces Postoperative Blood Endotoxin Levels Assayed by the EAA Method Compared with Open Abdominal Surgery  

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Full Text Available Introduction: We hypothesized to demonstrate whether there are significant differences in blood endotoxin (Et levels after abdominal aortic surgery between endovascular aortic repair (EVAR and open abdominal surgery. Methods: The patients who underwent the surgical treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm were divided into two groups according to the procedures: open abdomen surgery (OP and EVAR (SG. The value of Endotoxin Activity Assay (EAA was compared between groups. Results: After surgery, Et level was significantly higher in the OP group than in the SG group on postoperative day 3. Neutrophil count was significantly higher in the OP group immediately after treatment, but no significant difference was seen thereafter. There were no differences between the groups in other inflammatory markers. Conclusions: This study indicated that EVAR was less invasive compared to an open abdominal surgery from the standpoint of assessing postoperative endotoxin activity (EA levels measured by EAA.

Atsumi Ohishi

2014-06-01

117

Tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas de aorta abdominal: experiência inicial e resultados a curto e médio prazo Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: initial experience and short and mid-term results  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O estudo visa a apresentar os resultados a curto e médio prazo do tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas de aorta abdominal (AAA. Trata-se de uma experiência inicial com uma equipe multidisciplinar. MÉTODO: No período entre julho de 2003 e outubro de 2005, 42 pacientes foram submetidos a tratamento endovascular de doenças da aorta, sendo 25 por aneurismas de aorta abdominal (AAA. A idade média foi de 74 ± 10,2 anos e 92% dos pacientes eram do sexo masculino. Os procedimentos foram realizados por uma equipe multidisciplinar, no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre e Hospital Luterano (ULBRA. Vinte e quatro pacientes foram submetidos à colocação de endoprótese bifurcada e um, reta. Em todos os pacientes, o procedimento foi realizado por dissecção das artérias femorais, em laboratório de hemodinâmica. Em nenhum caso houve necessidade de conversão para cirurgia aberta. RESULTADOS: Não houve óbito nesta série. Até 2 anos e 3 meses de acompanhamento, todos os pacientes estão vivos e 24 (96% livres de reintervenção relacionada ao aneurisma. Um (4% paciente necessitou novo procedimento endovascular por vazamento tipo I, um ano após, sendo colocadas três extensões. Dois outros necessitaram derivação femoro-femoral cruzada, um no momento do procedimento endovascular e o outro, 24 horas após, por apresentar isquemia de membro inferior direito. CONCLUSÃO: O tratamento endovascular dos AAA representa uma nova alternativa à cirurgia convencional, menos invasiva, principalmente para pacientes com alto risco cirúrgico. Como o procedimento é relativamente novo, estudos prospectivos e randomizados são necessários para avaliar resultados a longo prazo. Excelentes resultados a curto e médio prazo podem ser obtidos em nosso meio.OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to present the short and mid-term results of the endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA. This is an initial experience of a multidisciplinary team. METHOD: Between July 2003 and October 2005, 42 patients (25 of whom suffered from AAAs were treated with endovascular therapy for aortic diseases. The mean patient age was 74 ±10.2 years with 92% men. The endovascular precedures were performed by a multidisciplinary team in the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre and Hospital Luterano (ULBRA. In twenty-four of the AAA patients, bifurcated grafts were used and only one had a straight graft. In all patients the procedure was carried out by femoral artery dissection in a catheterization laboratory. There was no need to convert to open repair. RESULTS: There were no operative or postoperative deaths. The survival rate free from reintervention is 96% after two years and three months. One (4% patient needed a new endovascular procedure for type I endoleak one year after, and three extensions were used successfully. Two other patients needed femoro-femoral bypasses, one at the same time as the endovascular procedure and the other one 24 hours later because of lower limb ischemia. CONCLUSION: The endovascular treatment of AAAs represents a new less invasive alternative to conventional surgery, especially for high risk patients. Further prospective and randomized studies to evaluate the long term outcomes are needed. Excellent results in short and mid-terms can be obtained by a multidisciplinary teams in our country.

Eduardo Keller Saadi

2006-06-01

118

Tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas de aorta abdominal: experiência inicial e resultados a curto e médio prazo / Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: initial experience and short and mid-term results  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O estudo visa a apresentar os resultados a curto e médio prazo do tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas de aorta abdominal (AAA). Trata-se de uma experiência inicial com uma equipe multidisciplinar. MÉTODO: No período entre julho de 2003 e outubro de 2005, 42 pacientes foram submetidos a [...] tratamento endovascular de doenças da aorta, sendo 25 por aneurismas de aorta abdominal (AAA). A idade média foi de 74 ± 10,2 anos e 92% dos pacientes eram do sexo masculino. Os procedimentos foram realizados por uma equipe multidisciplinar, no Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre e Hospital Luterano (ULBRA). Vinte e quatro pacientes foram submetidos à colocação de endoprótese bifurcada e um, reta. Em todos os pacientes, o procedimento foi realizado por dissecção das artérias femorais, em laboratório de hemodinâmica. Em nenhum caso houve necessidade de conversão para cirurgia aberta. RESULTADOS: Não houve óbito nesta série. Até 2 anos e 3 meses de acompanhamento, todos os pacientes estão vivos e 24 (96%) livres de reintervenção relacionada ao aneurisma. Um (4%) paciente necessitou novo procedimento endovascular por vazamento tipo I, um ano após, sendo colocadas três extensões. Dois outros necessitaram derivação femoro-femoral cruzada, um no momento do procedimento endovascular e o outro, 24 horas após, por apresentar isquemia de membro inferior direito. CONCLUSÃO: O tratamento endovascular dos AAA representa uma nova alternativa à cirurgia convencional, menos invasiva, principalmente para pacientes com alto risco cirúrgico. Como o procedimento é relativamente novo, estudos prospectivos e randomizados são necessários para avaliar resultados a longo prazo. Excelentes resultados a curto e médio prazo podem ser obtidos em nosso meio. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to present the short and mid-term results of the endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). This is an initial experience of a multidisciplinary team. METHOD: Between July 2003 and October 2005, 42 patients (25 of whom suffered from AAAs) were [...] treated with endovascular therapy for aortic diseases. The mean patient age was 74 ±10.2 years with 92% men. The endovascular precedures were performed by a multidisciplinary team in the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre and Hospital Luterano (ULBRA). In twenty-four of the AAA patients, bifurcated grafts were used and only one had a straight graft. In all patients the procedure was carried out by femoral artery dissection in a catheterization laboratory. There was no need to convert to open repair. RESULTS: There were no operative or postoperative deaths. The survival rate free from reintervention is 96% after two years and three months. One (4%) patient needed a new endovascular procedure for type I endoleak one year after, and three extensions were used successfully. Two other patients needed femoro-femoral bypasses, one at the same time as the endovascular procedure and the other one 24 hours later because of lower limb ischemia. CONCLUSION: The endovascular treatment of AAAs represents a new less invasive alternative to conventional surgery, especially for high risk patients. Further prospective and randomized studies to evaluate the long term outcomes are needed. Excellent results in short and mid-terms can be obtained by a multidisciplinary teams in our country.

Eduardo Keller, Saadi; Fernando, Gastaldo; Luiz Henrique, Dussin; Alcides José, Zago; Gilberto, Barbosa; Leandro de, Moura.

119

Aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal: correção endovascular combinada com derivação ilíaco-renal direita para criar colo proximal adequado Juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm: combined endovascular and open repair with right iliorenal bypass to create adequate proximal neck  

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Full Text Available Homem de 78 anos de idade, portador de múltiplas morbidades clínicas deu entrada na emergência com um aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal em condições hemodinâmicas estáveis. A tomografia computadorizada caracterizou aneurisma de 6 cm de diâmetro, e a distância do colo proximal do aneurisma era de 5 mm em relação à artéria renal direita e 28 mm à esquerda. Em virtude das condições clínicas do paciente, optou-se pelo reparo endovascular, mas previamente fez-se uma derivação ilíaco-renal direita com enxerto de politetrafluoretileno, via retroperitoneal para se criar um colo proximal adequado. Após quatro dias, o aneurisma de aorta abdominal foi corrigido colocando-se uma endoprótese Excluder® sem intercorrências. O seguimento pós-operatório evidenciou boa perfusão do rim esquerdo e ausência de migração ou endoleak da endoprótese. Este caso ilustra a combinação de técnicas para tornar possível o reparo de aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico e anatomia desfavorável.A 78-year-old man with a juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm and several comorbid conditions was admitted at the emergency room in hemodynamically stable conditions. Computed tomography revealed an aneurysm measuring 6 cm in diameter beginning 28 mm below the left renal artery and 5 mm below the right renal artery. Because of the patient's clinical status, a bypass from the right iliac artery to the right renal artery was performed through a retroperitoneal approach using a polytetrafluoroethylene vascular graft. Four days later, an endovascular aneurysm repair was successfully performed using an Excluder® stent-graft. Postoperative follow-up showed good left renal perfusion and no migration or endoleak. This case illustrates the effectiveness of combining open and endovascular techniques to repair juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in high-risk patients with unfavorable anatomy.

Matheus Bredarioli

2007-06-01

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Aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal: correção endovascular combinada com derivação ilíaco-renal direita para criar colo proximal adequado / Juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm: combined endovascular and open repair with right iliorenal bypass to create adequate proximal neck  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Homem de 78 anos de idade, portador de múltiplas morbidades clínicas deu entrada na emergência com um aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal em condições hemodinâmicas estáveis. A tomografia computadorizada caracterizou aneurisma de 6 cm de diâmetro, e a distância do colo proximal do aneurisma era [...] de 5 mm em relação à artéria renal direita e 28 mm à esquerda. Em virtude das condições clínicas do paciente, optou-se pelo reparo endovascular, mas previamente fez-se uma derivação ilíaco-renal direita com enxerto de politetrafluoretileno, via retroperitoneal para se criar um colo proximal adequado. Após quatro dias, o aneurisma de aorta abdominal foi corrigido colocando-se uma endoprótese Excluder® sem intercorrências. O seguimento pós-operatório evidenciou boa perfusão do rim esquerdo e ausência de migração ou endoleak da endoprótese. Este caso ilustra a combinação de técnicas para tornar possível o reparo de aneurisma de aorta abdominal justa-renal em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico e anatomia desfavorável. Abstract in english A 78-year-old man with a juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm and several comorbid conditions was admitted at the emergency room in hemodynamically stable conditions. Computed tomography revealed an aneurysm measuring 6 cm in diameter beginning 28 mm below the left renal artery and 5 mm below the ri [...] ght renal artery. Because of the patient's clinical status, a bypass from the right iliac artery to the right renal artery was performed through a retroperitoneal approach using a polytetrafluoroethylene vascular graft. Four days later, an endovascular aneurysm repair was successfully performed using an Excluder® stent-graft. Postoperative follow-up showed good left renal perfusion and no migration or endoleak. This case illustrates the effectiveness of combining open and endovascular techniques to repair juxtarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in high-risk patients with unfavorable anatomy.

Matheus, Bredarioli; Marcelo Bellini, Dalio; Cleber Aparecido Pita, Bezerra; Carlos Eli, Piccinato; Jesualdo, Cherri.

 
 
 
 
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Manejo del aneurisma de la aorta abdominal: Estado actual, evidencias y perspectivas para el desarrollo de un programa nacional Open and endovascular surgery for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurism: Review of the available evidence  

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Full Text Available Open and endovascular surgery are therapeutic alternatives for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurism. The development of guidelines for its treatment requires a thorough analysis of available evidence to recommend the best treatment for each country's reality. Prospective randomized trials have shown best initial results with endovascular surgery, with higher hospital costs than open surgery. The requirement of anatomical suitability for the placement of endovascular prostheses limits the universal use of endovascular surgery. Moreover, this type of surgery needs a strict imaging and clinical follow up due to the high rates of late complications, which range from 20% to 40%. Many of these complications require further surgical interventions, elevating costs of treatment. The initial benefit of endovascular surgery is lost during long follow up as survival curves become similar to those of open surgery. Even for patients with a high surgical risk, the benefits of endovascular surgery are doubtful.

Leopoldo Mariné M

2009-08-01

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Endovascular therapy of abdominal aortic aneurysm: results of a mid-term follow-up  

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Prospective study to evaluate clinical results and complications of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment in a mid-term follow-up. Materials and methods: A total of 122 patients (9 females, 113 males, average age 70.0±7,9 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with stent grafts (53 Vanguard or Stentor endografts, 69 Talent endografts). Group I consisted of 40 patients who had all aortic tributaries of the aneurysm sac occluded prior to endovalscular grafting, either spontaneously by parietal thrombosis or by selective coil embolization of the respective ostia preserving collateral circulation distal to the vessel occlusion. Group II consisted of 82 patients and included all cases without or with incomplete coil embolization with at least one patent vessel. Stent grafting was performed in general anesthesia in the first 21 patients, followed by peridural anesthesia in 15 cases, and local anesthesia with conscious sedation in 86 cases. The results were evaluated with Spiral-CT, MRI and radiographs of the endovascular graft, with follow-up examinations obtained at 3, 6, 12 months, and every year - Implantation was successfully completed in all cases without primary conversion surgery, laparotomy or any significant complication. Mean follow-up was 29±21 months (maximum 82 months). The 30-day mortality was 0,8% due to a myocardial infarction 3 days after discharge from the hospital. A total of 47 re-interventions were performed in 29 patients (23.8%), with 35 re-interventions in 18 cases with Vanguard or Stentor endografts and 12 re-interventions in 11 patients with Talent endografts. 23 percutaneous re-interventions included distal graft extension (n=11), Wallstent for kinking and limb stenosis (n=3), and secondary coil embolization of collateral vessels (n=9). 24 surgical re-interventions included proximal graft extension (n=6), new endovascular grafts (n=3), surgical clipping of lumbar and mesenteric artery branches for type-II endoleaks following ineffective secondary coil embolization (n=1), and femorofemoral crossover bypasses (n=4). A total of 10 secondary conversion operations were performed because of damage to the membrane (n=4; 3 Vanguard endografts, 1 Talent endograft), significant caudal migrations (n=5; 4 Vanguard endografts, 1 Talent endograft) associated with type-I endoleaks (n=2), limb occlusion (n=1), disconnection of graft components (n=1), and significant endoluminal thrombus deposits (n=1). One patient, who was followed for 82 months, suffered from a significant endoleak for 10 months with increasing aneurysm diameter but he refused surgery. He was admitted with aneurysm perforation and was successfully operated with aortic graft replacement. Compared to group II, the incidence and size of endoleaks was reduced in group I (incidence 19.2% versus 29.9%, p<0.05). Group I demonstrated significantly better aneurysm shrinkage at 36 months follow-up (? sagittal diameter -11.1±8.4 mm versus -4.9±6.2 mm, p<0.05). (orig.)

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Endovascular Treatment of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Lesions With or Without Common Iliac Artery Involvement  

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To evaluate the results of stent placement for obstructive atherosclerotic aortic disease with or without involvement of the common iliac artery. Forty patients had self-expanding stents primarily or after balloon dilatation in the abdominal aorta between January 2005 and May 2011. All patients had trouble walking. Follow-up examinations were performed with clinical visits; these included color Doppler ultrasonography and computed tomographic angiography. Technical, clinical, and hemodynamic success was achieved in all patients. None of the patients underwent reintervention during the follow-up period, which ranged from 3 months to 6 years (median 24 months). Nine complications occurred in six patients. Of the nine complications, four were distal thromboembolisms, which were successfully treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis or anticoagulation therapy. Endovascular treatment of the obstructive aortic disease using self-expanding stents was safe and effective, with high technical success and long-term patency. Thromboembolic complications were high even though direct stenting was considered protective for thromboembolism formation. Particularly for infrarenal aortic stenosis, it can be recommended as the first-line treatment option for patients with obstructive atherosclerotic aortic disease.

Oender, Hakan, E-mail: drhakanonder@hotmail.com [Dicle University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Oguzkurt, Levent [Baskent University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Guer, Serkan [Sifa University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Tekbas, Gueven [Dicle University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Guerel, Kamil [Abant Izzet Baysal University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey); Coskun, Isa [Baskent University Medical Faculty, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery (Turkey); Oezkan, Ugur [Baskent University Medical Faculty, Department of Radiology (Turkey)

2013-02-15

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Antiplatelet treatment and prothrombotic diathesis following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

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Prothrombotic diathesis expressed by elevated levels of coagulation-specific biomarkers has been reported in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and after AAA endovascular repair (EVAR). This study investigates the effect of antiplatelet agents (APLs) on the prothrombotic diathesis in the post-EVAR period. Forty elective EVAR patients had thrombin-antithrombin complex, d-dimer, fibrinopeptide A, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein measured before, at 24 hours, 1 month, and 6 months after EVAR. Patients receiving APLs postoperatively were compared with those not receiving APLs. All biomarkers were above the normal limits preoperatively and increased significantly 24 hours postoperatively followed by a drop at 1 and 6 months. No statistically significant changes were noted among patients receiving APLs in comparison with those not receiving APLs. The preoperative and postoperative prothrombotic diathesis of AAA following EVAR was confirmed in line with other reports. There was however no significant alteration of the examined biomarkers in patients receiving APLs. PMID:24101707

Trellopoulos, G; Georgiadis, G S; Nikolopoulos, E S; Kapoulas, K C; Georgakarakos, E I; Lazarides, M K

2014-10-01

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Endotension - a cause of failure in endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms  

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ts of endotension treatment have been discussed, including both open surgical convention and nonoperative approach. The absence of endoleak after endovascular repair not always means that there is no pressurization within the aneurysm. Success of endovascular repair can be evaluated indirectly by observation of changes in the diameter of the aneurysm sac after EVAR. Thus, it is essential to follow up patients after endovascular repair in order to detect any late complications including endotension

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Tratamiento endovascular de 473 aneurismas intracraneanos: resultados angiográficos y clínicos Experiencia colombiana, 1996-2008 / Endovascular coil occlusion of 473 intracranial aneurysms: angiographic and clinical results  

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Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción. La terapia endovascular es una técnica aceptada mundialmente para el tratamiento de aneurismas cerebrales rotos y no rotos. En nuestro medio no hay grandes series publicadas que permitan comprobar la reproducibilidad del método según el grado de oclusión y la morbimortalidad de la técn [...] ica. Objetivo. Evaluar los resultados angiográficos y clínicos de la oclusión endovascular de 473 aneurismas intracraneanos tratados durante un período de 12 años. Materiales y métodos. Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo en 376 pacientes con 473 aneurismas intracraneanos tratados por terapia endovascular entre los años 1996 y 2008. Se analizaron las imágenes angiográficas antes del procedimiento y después de él y se registró el estado clínico al momento de ser dado de alta, según la escala de coma de Glasgow. Se evalúo la morbimortalidad asociada con la técnica y los resultados angiográficos inmediatos. Resultados. La factibilidad técnica del procedimiento fue de 96,8%. Según la escala de Hunt y Hess, al momento de la admisión, 8,7% de los pacientes estaban en el grado I, 35,7% en el grado II, 19,2% en el grado III y 7,8% en los grados IV o V. El 28,5% de los pacientes tenían aneurismas no rotos. Los resultados angiográficos inmediatos demostraron oclusión total en 69,6%, presencia de cuello remanente en 17,5% y oclusión parcial o fallida en 16,1% de los pacientes con “embolización”. La mortalidad global fue de 10,4%, con una mortalidad del procedimiento de 1,5%. Se presentaron complicaciones asociadas con la técnica en 7,6% de los aneurismas tratados. Conclusión. El tratamiento endovascular de los aneurismas intracraneanos se asoció con una baja morbimortalidad y una gran factibilidad técnica. Los resultados fueron similares a diversas series publicadas en la literatura mundial, respaldando la reproducibilidad del método en nuestro medio. Abstract in english Introduction. Endovascular therapy is a technique accepted throughout the world for the treatment of ruptured and non-ruptured intracranial aneurysms. In Colombia, however, no summary data have been published that validate the method in terms of occlusion grade and morbimortality. Objective. The cli [...] nical and angiographic outcomes were evaluated for endovascular embolization of 473 intracranial aneurysms treated during a 12 year time interval. Materials and methods. Between 1996-2008, 473 intracranial aneurysms treated by an endovascular approach were included in the current retrospective study. Pre and postprocedural angiographic images were analyzed, and clinical outcome was recorded according to the Glasgow coma scale. Immediate angiographic results and morbimortality were evaluated. Results. The technical feasibility of the procedure was 96.8%. According to Hunt and Hess scale, 8.7% patients were classified as grade I, 35.7% grade II, 19.2% grade III and 7.8% grades IV/V. Non-ruptured aneurysms had occurred in 28.5% of patients. Immediate procedural angiography demonstrated total occlusion in 69.6%, neck remnant in 17.5% and partial or failed occlusion in 16.1%. Global mortality was 10.4% and procedural mortality was 1.5%. Technique-associated complications presented in 7.6% of treated aneurysms. Conclusion. Endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms was associated with low morbimortality and high technical feasibility. The results are comparable with other published data summaries and supporting the use of the method in Colombia.

Sergio Alberto, Vargas; Diego Alberto, Herrera; José William, Cornejo.

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Estudo comparativo entre tratamento endovascular e cirurgia convencional na correção eletiva de aneurisma de aorta abdominal: revisão bibliográfica Endovascular elective treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm versus conventional open repair: a comparative study  

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Full Text Available O tratamento eletivo do aneurisma de aorta abdominal é recomendado pela alta morbiletalidade decorrente da eventual ruptura. O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar o reparo endovascular eletivo com a cirurgia aberta e avaliar as mortalidades hospitalar e perioperatória, em 1 ano, por todas as causas e relacionadas ao aneurisma, a permanência hospitalar, as complicações, as taxas de sobrevida, conversão e reintervenção, a durabilidade do enxerto, o custo-benefício e a relação desses dados com o treinamento da equipe médica responsável pelo tratamento. Realizou-se uma revisão da literatura sobre reparo endovascular versus cirurgia convencional. Foram observados vantagem na sobrevivência perioperatória e menor estresse pós-cirúrgico; no entanto, os benefícios iniciais são perdidos por complicações e reintervenções tardias. Trabalhos baseados nas primeiras gerações de endopróteses superestimam as taxas de mortalidade em curto prazo, complicações e reintervenções. A durabilidade do enxerto, a real vantagem na sobrevida e o custo-benefício são incertos, e outros estudos são necessários para o seguimento em longo prazo.The elective treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm is recommended due to the high morbidity and mortality of a possible rupture. The objective of this study was to compare the elective endovascular aneurysm repair with open repair and to analyze the in-hospital and perioperative mortality rate during 1 year related to all causes and to the aneurysm, as well as the postoperative length of hospital stay, complications, survival rates, conversion and reintervention, graft durability, cost-benefit ratio, and relation with the medical team’s experience. A review of the scientific literature about endovascular versus open repair was carried out. We found a higher rate of perioperative survival and less postoperative stress; nevertheless, the initial benefits were lost due to late complications and reinterventions. First-generation endografts overestimated the early results of mortality rates, complications, and reinterventions. Endograft durability, real advantage of survival rates, and cost-benefits are uncertain and further long-term follow-up studies are necessary.

Ana Carolina P. Simão

2009-12-01

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Costs and outcomes of endovascular treatment of thrombosed dialysis autogenous fistulae / Costos y resultados del tratamiento endovascular de las trombosis en las fístulas autólogas para hemodiálisis  

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Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish El acceso vascular funcional es un requisito previo para el tratamiento renal sustitutivo en pacientes con enfermedad renal crónica. Las fístulas autólogas se consideran superiores a las prótesis vasculares y los catéteres venosos centrales; sin embargo, las fístulas no están exentas de problemas. L [...] as trombosis de la fístula autóloga se han convertido en un reto en la práctica clínica de nefrología, con importantes implicaciones clínicas para pacientes en diálisis. Varios estudios han informado sobre la viabilidad y la tasa relativamente alta del éxito clínico del abordaje endovascular de fístulas trombosadas en los últimos años. Sin embargo, como las repetidas intervenciones suelen ser necesarias para lograr la supervivencia a largo plazo del acceso, el mantenimiento de una fístula anteriormente trombosada podría ser una política muy cara. Los objetivos de este artículo son proporcionar al lector una idea de los múltiples enfoques endovasculares para fístulas autólogas trombosadas, teniendo en cuenta su eficacia clínica y las implicaciones financieras. Abstract in english Functional vascular access is a prerequisite for adequate haemodialysis treatment in patients with end-stage renal disease. Autogenous arteriovenous fistulae are considered superior to synthetic grafts and central venous catheters; however, fistulae are not without problems. Fistulae thrombosis has [...] become a clinical challenge in nephrology practice, with relevant clinical implications for dialysis patients. Several studies have reported on the feasibility and relatively high-clinical success rate of the endovascular approach to thrombosed fistulae in recent years. However, as repeated interventions are usually required to achieve long-term access survival, maintenance of a previously thrombosed fistulae could be a highly expensive policy. The goals of this article are to provide the reader an insight into the multiple endovascular approaches for thrombosed arteriovenous fistulae, bearing in mind its clinical effectiveness and financial implications.

Luis, Coentrao.

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Abdominal aortic aneurysm with symptomatic cholelithiasis: report of a case treated by simultaneous endovascular aneurysm repair and laparoscopic cholecystectomy.  

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Asymptomatic cholelithiasis with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is one of few ideal fields for simultaneous "open" repair. In AAA cases with acute lithiasic cholecystitis, the simultaneous open repair is debatable due to increased possibility for prosthetic graft contamination. We report a case of a 78-year-old, ASA IV patient suffering from acute cholecystitis and concomitant (62 mm) AAA. The patient was treated by simultaneous endovascular AAA repair with a bifurcated prosthesis Endurant and laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Operative time was 165 minutes with total blood loss <100 mL. The patient fed and mobilized the second postoperative day, and the course until patients' discharge the sixth day was uneventful. Follow-up imaging at first month confirmed the successful aneurysm's exclusion without endoleak or migration. The simultaneous endovascular AAA repair and laparoscopic cholecystectomy seems to be simple, safe, and effective technique and minimized the possibility of local and systemic postoperative complications. PMID:23047410

Pitoulias, Georgios A; Papaziogas, Basilios T; Atmatzidis, Stefanos K; Papadimitriou, Dimitrios K

2012-10-01

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Comparação entre os tratamentos aberto e endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta abdominal em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico Comparison between open and endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms in high surgical risk patients  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Comparar os resultados dos tratamentos aberto e endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico. MÉTODOS: O tratamento aberto foi realizado em 31 pacientes, e o endovascular, em 18. Sucesso no tratamento endovascular foi definido como perviedade da endoprótese sem endoleaks ou conversão para tratamento aberto. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença na mortalidade perioperatória entre o tratamento aberto (dois óbitos [6,45%] em 31 e o endovascular (um óbito [5,55%] em 18 (P = 0,899; também não houve diferença entre a mortalidade tardia no tratamento aberto (dois óbitos [6,9%] em 29 e no endovascular (dois óbitos [11,7%] em 17 (P = 0,572. A taxa de sucesso imediato foi de 100% (31/31 no tratamento aberto e de 66,7% (12/18 no endovascular (P = 0,0006; a taxa de sucesso tardio foi de 100% (27/27 no tratamento aberto e de 73,3% (11/15 no endovascular (P = 0,0047. Os valores médios do tempo de internação na UTI, tempo de internação hospitalar e da perda de sangue para os grupos dos tratamentos aberto e endovascular foram: 65,6 versus 34,1 horas*, 9 versus 5,6 dias* e 932 versus 225 ml*, respectivamente (*P OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of open repair and endoluminal repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms in high surgical risk patients. METHODS: Open repair was performed in 31 patients, and endoluminal repair was performed in 18. Success in the endoluminal repair group was defined as continuing graft function without endoleak or conversion to open repair. RESULTS: No significant difference was found between the perioperative mortality rate for open repair (two deaths [6.45%] in 31 patients and endoluminal repair (one death [5.55%] in 18 patients (P = 0.899; similarly, no significant difference was seen in late mortality between open repair (two deaths [6.9%] in 29 patients and endoluminal repair (two deaths [11.7%] in 17 patients (P = 0.572; The rate of immediate success was 100% (31/31 for open repair and 66.7% (12/18 for endoluminal repair (P = 0.0006; the rate of late success was 100% (27/27 for open repair and 73.3% (11/15 for endoluminal repair (P = 0.0047. The mean values for intensive care stay, hospital stay and blood loss for open repair and endoluminal repair groups were: 65.6 vs. 34.1 hours*, 9 vs. 5.6 days* and 932 vs. 225 ml*, respectively (P < 0.05. Endoluminal repair was 436% more expensive than open repair. CONCLUSIONS: In this series, conventional open repair was the most reliable method of successfully managing abdominal aortic aneurysms, sharing the same perioperative and late mortality rates as endoluminal repair.

Célio Teixeira Mendonça

2005-09-01

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Reparación endovascular de Aneurisma aórtico abdominal: Estudio piloto de endoprótesis Ovation™. Resultados comparativos / Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: comparative results of a pilot study using the Ovation™ prosthesis  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: Las endoprótesis actuales para tratar aneurismas aórticos (AAA) requieren introductores de alto diámetro (18-25F) y se sustentan excluyendo el aneurisma, mediante la fuerza radial de stents metálicos. Objetivo: prótesis Ovation™ (TriVascular, EEUU) con aquellas disponibles en el mercad [...] o. Material y Método: Entre Noviembre 2009 y Agosto 2010 tratamos 47 AAA. En 10 pacientes usamos Ovation™ (Grupo 1). Grupo Control (2): diez pacientes tratados contemporáneamente con endoprótesis comerciales. Ovation™ es tri-modular, de PTFE y nitinol con un stent barbado para fijación supra-renal. Sella bajo las arterias renales mediante 2 anillos llenados con un polímero durante el implante. Usa introductor 13-15F. Usa-Philips-Allura (Best, Holanda). Comparamos: duración del procedimiento, hospitalización y complicaciones. Utilizamos test de Fisher exacto y t de student no pareado. Resultados: Éxito técnico 100%. Sin diferencia entre grupos (edad, sexo, tamaño AAA, riesgo ASA, laboratorio preoperatorio). Tiempo operatorio (hrs): 2,12 ± 0,7 vs. 2,0 ± 0,6 (NS). Estadía postoperatoria (hrs): 44,5 ± 10,7 vs 49,5 ± 32,0 (NS). El cuello del AAA y la permanencia en UTI fueron más cortos en grupo 1 (p= 0,035 y 0,0451). Seguimiento (4,5-12 meses) sin eventos adversos, endofugas tipo I ni III, ni re-intervenciones. Conclusiones: Los resultados con Ovation™ a corto plazo son comparables con los de otras endoprótesis, cumpliendo con estándares de eficacia y seguridad. Ovation ™ navega por vasos pequeños, permite un despliegue preciso y sellado efectivo en cuellos > 7 mm, ampliando el tratamiento endovascular del AAA. Abstract in english Background. Current endografts used in treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), use large (18-25F) delivery systems. Graft fixation and aneurysm sealing is obtained by a proximal stent, requiring an aortic neck >15 mm. Objective. To compare the efficacy and safety of Ovation™ endograft (TriVasc [...] ular, USA) with standard endografts. Methods. Between November 2009 and August 2010 we treated 47 AAA. In 10 patients we used Ovation™ (Group 1). Ten patients treated during the same period with commercially available endografts were used as controls (Group (2). The Ovation™ endo-prosthesis is tri-modular, made of PTFE andnitinol with low profile (13-15F) and has a barbed suprarenal stent for fixation. Sealing is obtained independently through 2 inflatable rings filled with a biocompatible polymer during the procedure. Implantation followed the standard procedure through femoral exposure, using the Philips Allura imaging equipment (Best, Netherlands). Procedure duration, length of stay (LOS) and complications were compared between groups. Fisher exact test and unpaired Student’s t test were used for comparisons. Results. Results. Technical success was 100%. We observed no difference between groups (age, sex, AAA size, ASA risk, preoperative lab work). Procedure time (hrs) was 2,12 ± 0,7 vs. 2,0 ± 0,6 (NS), LOS (hrs) was 44,5 ± 10,7 vs. 49,5 ± 32,0 (NS) in Groups 1 and 2, respectively. Aneurysm neck length and ICU stay were shorter in Group 1 (p= 0,035 and 0,0451 respectively). During a 12 month follow up no adverse events, type I or III endoleak, or secondary interventions have occurred. Conclusion. Results with Ovation™ are comparable to other endografts currently available, achieving the same standards of efficacy and safety. Its highly flexible delivery system allows navigation through small vessels, easy deployment and effective sealing of AAA with necks > 7 mm, broadening the span of patients suitable for endovascular treatment.

Francisco, Valdés; Renato, Mertens; Michel, Bergoeing; Leopoldo, Mariné; Albrecht, Krämer; Francisco, Vargas; Guillermo, Lema; Roberto, Canessa; Jeanette, Vergara.

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Reparación endovascular de Aneurisma aórtico abdominal: Estudio piloto de endoprótesis Ovation™. Resultados comparativos Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: comparative results of a pilot study using the Ovation™ prosthesis  

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Full Text Available Introducción: Las endoprótesis actuales para tratar aneurismas aórticos (AAA requieren introductores de alto diámetro (18-25F y se sustentan excluyendo el aneurisma, mediante la fuerza radial de stents metálicos. Objetivo: prótesis Ovation™ (TriVascular, EEUU con aquellas disponibles en el mercado. Material y Método: Entre Noviembre 2009 y Agosto 2010 tratamos 47 AAA. En 10 pacientes usamos Ovation™ (Grupo 1. Grupo Control (2: diez pacientes tratados contemporáneamente con endoprótesis comerciales. Ovation™ es tri-modular, de PTFE y nitinol con un stent barbado para fijación supra-renal. Sella bajo las arterias renales mediante 2 anillos llenados con un polímero durante el implante. Usa introductor 13-15F. Usa-Philips-Allura (Best, Holanda. Comparamos: duración del procedimiento, hospitalización y complicaciones. Utilizamos test de Fisher exacto y t de student no pareado. Resultados: Éxito técnico 100%. Sin diferencia entre grupos (edad, sexo, tamaño AAA, riesgo ASA, laboratorio preoperatorio. Tiempo operatorio (hrs: 2,12 ± 0,7 vs. 2,0 ± 0,6 (NS. Estadía postoperatoria (hrs: 44,5 ± 10,7 vs 49,5 ± 32,0 (NS. El cuello del AAA y la permanencia en UTI fueron más cortos en grupo 1 (p= 0,035 y 0,0451. Seguimiento (4,5-12 meses sin eventos adversos, endofugas tipo I ni III, ni re-intervenciones. Conclusiones: Los resultados con Ovation™ a corto plazo son comparables con los de otras endoprótesis, cumpliendo con estándares de eficacia y seguridad. Ovation ™ navega por vasos pequeños, permite un despliegue preciso y sellado efectivo en cuellos > 7 mm, ampliando el tratamiento endovascular del AAA.Background. Current endografts used in treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA, use large (18-25F delivery systems. Graft fixation and aneurysm sealing is obtained by a proximal stent, requiring an aortic neck >15 mm. Objective. To compare the efficacy and safety of Ovation™ endograft (TriVascular, USA with standard endografts. Methods. Between November 2009 and August 2010 we treated 47 AAA. In 10 patients we used Ovation™ (Group 1. Ten patients treated during the same period with commercially available endografts were used as controls (Group (2. The Ovation™ endo-prosthesis is tri-modular, made of PTFE andnitinol with low profile (13-15F and has a barbed suprarenal stent for fixation. Sealing is obtained independently through 2 inflatable rings filled with a biocompatible polymer during the procedure. Implantation followed the standard procedure through femoral exposure, using the Philips Allura imaging equipment (Best, Netherlands. Procedure duration, length of stay (LOS and complications were compared between groups. Fisher exact test and unpaired Student’s t test were used for comparisons. Results. Results. Technical success was 100%. We observed no difference between groups (age, sex, AAA size, ASA risk, preoperative lab work. Procedure time (hrs was 2,12 ± 0,7 vs. 2,0 ± 0,6 (NS, LOS (hrs was 44,5 ± 10,7 vs. 49,5 ± 32,0 (NS in Groups 1 and 2, respectively. Aneurysm neck length and ICU stay were shorter in Group 1 (p= 0,035 and 0,0451 respectively. During a 12 month follow up no adverse events, type I or III endoleak, or secondary interventions have occurred. Conclusion. Results with Ovation™ are comparable to other endografts currently available, achieving the same standards of efficacy and safety. Its highly flexible delivery system allows navigation through small vessels, easy deployment and effective sealing of AAA with necks > 7 mm, broadening the span of patients suitable for endovascular treatment.

Francisco Valdés

2011-01-01

133

Avaliação pós-operatória do tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal por angiotomografia com multidetectores / Post-operative evaluation of endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms by multidetector computed tomography angiography  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Este estudo tem como objetivo a avaliação pós-operatória do tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal por angiotomografia com multidetectores. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foram analisadas, retrospectivamente, angiotomografias de 166 pacientes (137 homens e 29 mulheres) com idade mé [...] dia de 73 anos portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal submetidos a terapêutica endovascular, no período de junho de 2005 a agosto de 2006. Os exames foram feitos em tomógrafo multidetector de 64 canais e os parâmetros adotados foram: colimação, 0,625 mm; pitch, 0,6-1; mAs, 300-400; kV, 120. Em todos os casos foi utilizado meio de contraste iodado não-iônico (350 mg/ml) administrado por meio de bomba infusora, com fluxo de 4 ml/s a 5 ml/s e com volume variável de 70 ml a 100 ml. Os exames foram avaliados quanto à presença de complicações. RESULTADOS: Dos 166 exames realizados, 93 pacientes não apresentaram complicações e 73 apresentaram os seguintes achados: endoleak (n=37), trombose circunferencial da endoprótese (n=29), angulação (n=17), coleção no sítio de punção (n=10), migração da prótese (n=7), dissecção dos vasos de acesso (n=7) e oclusão (n=6). CONCLUSÃO: O endoleak foi a complicação mais prevalente em nosso estudo, sendo o tipo II o mais comum. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at evaluating endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms by multidetector computed tomography angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multidetector computed tomography angiography studies of 166 patients were retrospectively analyzed. The sample included 137 [...] men and 29 women with mean age of 73 years who had undergone endovascular treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm in the period between June 2005 and August 2006. Images were acquired in a 64-channel multidetector tomograph adopting the following parameters: 0.625 mm collimation, pitch 0.6-1, 300-400 mAs, and 120 kV. A nonionic iodinated contrast agent (350 mg/ml) was injected by infusion pump at a rate of 4 ml/s to 5 ml/s and a variable amount of 70 ml to 100 ml. The studies were evaluated for the presence of complications. RESULTS: Among the 166 cases, 93 patients did not present complications and 73 presented the following findings: endoleak (n=37), circumferential thrombosis (n =29), angulation (n=17), presence of collection at the puncture site (n=10), graft migration (n=7), dissection of access vessels (n=7) and occlusion (n=6). CONCLUSION: In summary, endoleak was the most prevalent complication in the present series, with type II endoleak being most frequently found.

Fabiana Barroso, Thomaz; Gaudencio Espinosa, Lopez; Edson, Marchiori; Fabio Vargas, Magalhães; Isabela Ferreira de, Magalhães; Iugiro Roberto, Kuroki; Mônica Ferreira, Caramalho; Romeu Côrtes, Domingues.

134

Avaliação pós-operatória do tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal por angiotomografia com multidetectores Post-operative evaluation of endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms by multidetector computed tomography angiography  

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Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Este estudo tem como objetivo a avaliação pós-operatória do tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal por angiotomografia com multidetectores. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foram analisadas, retrospectivamente, angiotomografias de 166 pacientes (137 homens e 29 mulheres com idade média de 73 anos portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal submetidos a terapêutica endovascular, no período de junho de 2005 a agosto de 2006. Os exames foram feitos em tomógrafo multidetector de 64 canais e os parâmetros adotados foram: colimação, 0,625 mm; pitch, 0,6-1; mAs, 300-400; kV, 120. Em todos os casos foi utilizado meio de contraste iodado não-iônico (350 mg/ml administrado por meio de bomba infusora, com fluxo de 4 ml/s a 5 ml/s e com volume variável de 70 ml a 100 ml. Os exames foram avaliados quanto à presença de complicações. RESULTADOS: Dos 166 exames realizados, 93 pacientes não apresentaram complicações e 73 apresentaram os seguintes achados: endoleak (n=37, trombose circunferencial da endoprótese (n=29, angulação (n=17, coleção no sítio de punção (n=10, migração da prótese (n=7, dissecção dos vasos de acesso (n=7 e oclusão (n=6. CONCLUSÃO: O endoleak foi a complicação mais prevalente em nosso estudo, sendo o tipo II o mais comum.OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at evaluating endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms by multidetector computed tomography angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multidetector computed tomography angiography studies of 166 patients were retrospectively analyzed. The sample included 137 men and 29 women with mean age of 73 years who had undergone endovascular treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm in the period between June 2005 and August 2006. Images were acquired in a 64-channel multidetector tomograph adopting the following parameters: 0.625 mm collimation, pitch 0.6-1, 300-400 mAs, and 120 kV. A nonionic iodinated contrast agent (350 mg/ml was injected by infusion pump at a rate of 4 ml/s to 5 ml/s and a variable amount of 70 ml to 100 ml. The studies were evaluated for the presence of complications. RESULTS: Among the 166 cases, 93 patients did not present complications and 73 presented the following findings: endoleak (n=37, circumferential thrombosis (n =29, angulation (n=17, presence of collection at the puncture site (n=10, graft migration (n=7, dissection of access vessels (n=7 and occlusion (n=6. CONCLUSION: In summary, endoleak was the most prevalent complication in the present series, with type II endoleak being most frequently found.

Fabiana Barroso Thomaz

2008-08-01

135

Avaliação pós-operatória do tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal por angiotomografia com multidetectores / Post-operative evaluation of endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms by multidetector computed tomography angiography  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Este estudo tem como objetivo a avaliação pós-operatória do tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal por angiotomografia com multidetectores. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foram analisadas, retrospectivamente, angiotomografias de 166 pacientes (137 homens e 29 mulheres) com idade mé [...] dia de 73 anos portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal submetidos a terapêutica endovascular, no período de junho de 2005 a agosto de 2006. Os exames foram feitos em tomógrafo multidetector de 64 canais e os parâmetros adotados foram: colimação, 0,625 mm; pitch, 0,6-1; mAs, 300-400; kV, 120. Em todos os casos foi utilizado meio de contraste iodado não-iônico (350 mg/ml) administrado por meio de bomba infusora, com fluxo de 4 ml/s a 5 ml/s e com volume variável de 70 ml a 100 ml. Os exames foram avaliados quanto à presença de complicações. RESULTADOS: Dos 166 exames realizados, 93 pacientes não apresentaram complicações e 73 apresentaram os seguintes achados: endoleak (n=37), trombose circunferencial da endoprótese (n=29), angulação (n=17), coleção no sítio de punção (n=10), migração da prótese (n=7), dissecção dos vasos de acesso (n=7) e oclusão (n=6). CONCLUSÃO: O endoleak foi a complicação mais prevalente em nosso estudo, sendo o tipo II o mais comum. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at evaluating endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms by multidetector computed tomography angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Multidetector computed tomography angiography studies of 166 patients were retrospectively analyzed. The sample included 137 [...] men and 29 women with mean age of 73 years who had undergone endovascular treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm in the period between June 2005 and August 2006. Images were acquired in a 64-channel multidetector tomograph adopting the following parameters: 0.625 mm collimation, pitch 0.6-1, 300-400 mAs, and 120 kV. A nonionic iodinated contrast agent (350 mg/ml) was injected by infusion pump at a rate of 4 ml/s to 5 ml/s and a variable amount of 70 ml to 100 ml. The studies were evaluated for the presence of complications. RESULTS: Among the 166 cases, 93 patients did not present complications and 73 presented the following findings: endoleak (n=37), circumferential thrombosis (n =29), angulation (n=17), presence of collection at the puncture site (n=10), graft migration (n=7), dissection of access vessels (n=7) and occlusion (n=6). CONCLUSION: In summary, endoleak was the most prevalent complication in the present series, with type II endoleak being most frequently found.

Fabiana Barroso, Thomaz; Gaudencio Espinosa, Lopez; Edson, Marchiori; Fabio Vargas, Magalhães; Isabela Ferreira de, Magalhães; Iugiro Roberto, Kuroki; Mônica Ferreira, Caramalho; Romeu Côrtes, Domingues.

2008-08-01

136

Tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal em contexto de urgência - experiência do Serviço de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular do Hospital de Santa Marta / Urgent endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm - experience of Hospital Santa Marta  

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Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Objectivos: O tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal é uma alternativa à intervenção cirúrgica convencional, aplicável no contexto de urgência. Em casos anatomicamente favoráveis parece existir uma vantagem significativa a curto e médio prazo, pese embora uma maior taxa de re-inter [...] venções. Material e Métodos: Foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva dos registos de procedimentos endovasculares na aorta abdominal em contexto de urgência, desde o ano de 2004. Analisaram-se um total de 47 doentes, dos quais em 4 a técnica revelou-se inexequível. O tempo médio de follow-up foi de 28,5 meses (1 a 60 meses). Resultados: Verificou-se sucesso técnico em 91% dos casos (43/47). Registou-se uma taxa de mortalidade aos 30 dias de 19% (8/43) nos doentes tratados, e de 23% (11/47) com base na intenção de tratar. Dos doentes tratados, 18 apresentavam-se sintomáticos, 25 com rotura estável e 4 com rotura de aneurisma da aorta abdominal hemodinamicamente instável documentada por tomografia computorizada abdominal. O seguimento destes doentes revelou um caso de endoleak tipo I proximal, tratado cirurgicamente através da colocação de um cuff proximal e dois casos de endoleak tipo II que não se associaram a crescimento do aneurisma, pelo que se optou pelo acompanhamento seriado sem tratamento até à data. Conclusões: Os autores concluem que a experiência institucional com o tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal em contexto de urgência é favorável, comparando-se aos resultados publicados em grandes séries. A menor mortalidade e morbilidade associada ao procedimento permite tratar um maior espectro de doentes. O seguimento é fundamental para uma atempada detecção e correcção de complicações. Abstract in english Objectives: The endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms is an alternative to surgical intervention, applicable in emergency situations. In anatomically suitable cases, appears to be a significant advantage in the short and midterm results, despite a higher rate of re-interventions Metho [...] ds: We performed a search in the records of all rEVAR done since the year 2004. We reviewed a total of 47 patients, 4 of which the technique has proved unfeasible. The median follow-up is 28.5 months (1-60 months) Results: There was a technical success in 91% of cases (43/47). The overall mortality at 30 days was 19% (8/43) in treated patients, and considering the intention to treat, the mortality rose to 23% (11/47). In the patients treated, 18 were symptomatic, 25 had a hemodynamically stable rupture and 4 were hemodynamically unstable. The follow-up of these patients has detected a case of proximal type I endoleak, witch was treated surgically by placing a proximal cuff, and two cases of type II endoleak that were not associated with aneurysm growth, and we chose not to treat. Conclusions: The authors conclude that the institutional experience with the endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms in emergency is favourable compared to the results published in large series. The lower mortality and morbidity associated with the procedure allows treating a broader spectrum of patients. Follow-up is essential for a timely detection and correction of complications.

Gonçalo R., Alves; Leonor, Vasconcelos; Hugo, Rodrigues; Sérgio, Eufrásio; Frederico, Gonçalves; João S., Castro; Maria E., Ferreira; João A., Castro; Luís M., Capitão.

137

Tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal em contexto de urgência - experiência do Serviço de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular do Hospital de Santa Marta Urgent endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm - experience of Hospital Santa Marta  

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Full Text Available Objectivos: O tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal é uma alternativa à intervenção cirúrgica convencional, aplicável no contexto de urgência. Em casos anatomicamente favoráveis parece existir uma vantagem significativa a curto e médio prazo, pese embora uma maior taxa de re-intervenções. Material e Métodos: Foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva dos registos de procedimentos endovasculares na aorta abdominal em contexto de urgência, desde o ano de 2004. Analisaram-se um total de 47 doentes, dos quais em 4 a técnica revelou-se inexequível. O tempo médio de follow-up foi de 28,5 meses (1 a 60 meses. Resultados: Verificou-se sucesso técnico em 91% dos casos (43/47. Registou-se uma taxa de mortalidade aos 30 dias de 19% (8/43 nos doentes tratados, e de 23% (11/47 com base na intenção de tratar. Dos doentes tratados, 18 apresentavam-se sintomáticos, 25 com rotura estável e 4 com rotura de aneurisma da aorta abdominal hemodinamicamente instável documentada por tomografia computorizada abdominal. O seguimento destes doentes revelou um caso de endoleak tipo I proximal, tratado cirurgicamente através da colocação de um cuff proximal e dois casos de endoleak tipo II que não se associaram a crescimento do aneurisma, pelo que se optou pelo acompanhamento seriado sem tratamento até à data. Conclusões: Os autores concluem que a experiência institucional com o tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal em contexto de urgência é favorável, comparando-se aos resultados publicados em grandes séries. A menor mortalidade e morbilidade associada ao procedimento permite tratar um maior espectro de doentes. O seguimento é fundamental para uma atempada detecção e correcção de complicações.Objectives: The endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms is an alternative to surgical intervention, applicable in emergency situations. In anatomically suitable cases, appears to be a significant advantage in the short and midterm results, despite a higher rate of re-interventions Methods: We performed a search in the records of all rEVAR done since the year 2004. We reviewed a total of 47 patients, 4 of which the technique has proved unfeasible. The median follow-up is 28.5 months (1-60 months Results: There was a technical success in 91% of cases (43/47. The overall mortality at 30 days was 19% (8/43 in treated patients, and considering the intention to treat, the mortality rose to 23% (11/47. In the patients treated, 18 were symptomatic, 25 had a hemodynamically stable rupture and 4 were hemodynamically unstable. The follow-up of these patients has detected a case of proximal type I endoleak, witch was treated surgically by placing a proximal cuff, and two cases of type II endoleak that were not associated with aneurysm growth, and we chose not to treat. Conclusions: The authors conclude that the institutional experience with the endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms in emergency is favourable compared to the results published in large series. The lower mortality and morbidity associated with the procedure allows treating a broader spectrum of patients. Follow-up is essential for a timely detection and correction of complications.

Gonçalo R. Alves

2011-06-01

138

Dual-energy CT in the follow-up after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

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This study investigates the dual-energy procedure for postoperative CT follow-up scans after endovascularly treated abdominal aortic aneurysms. The procedure is analyzed with respect to its sensitivity and specificity as well as the associated radiation exposure. 51 examinations were carried out on 47 patients between February 2009 and March 2010. For each patient, a non-enhanced, an arterial and a venous scan were conducted, the latter two using the dual-energy technology. Virtual images for the non-enhanced phase were reconstructed from the data taken in the venous phase. Protocol A, the reference standard, consisted of non-enhanced images and images of the arterial and venous phase. In protocol B, standard non-enhanced images were replaced by the reconstructed virtual non-enhanced images. Protocol C consisted only of virtual non-enhanced and 80 kV images taken during the venous phase. All data was anonymized and evaluated by two independent radiologists. For protocol C, sensitivity, specificity, negative and positive predictive values were computed. The effective radiation dosage was determined for each scan. All endoleaks identified in protocol A were found using protocols B and C. For protocol C, the sensitivity and negative predictive value were 100 %, the specificity was 94.1 %, and the positive predictive value was 89.5 %. Compared to protocol A, protocol C reduces the radiation exposure by 62.45 %. A scan protocol consisting of virtual non-enhanced images as well as 80 kV images taken during the venous phase was found to be a reliable alternative method for diagnosing endoleaks, while reducing the radiation exposure by 62.45 %. (orig.)

139

Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms--6 years of experience with Ella stent-graft system  

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Purpose: Evaluation of 6-year results of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) treatment by Ella stent-grafts with regard to safety and effectivity in relation to morphology of the aneurysm. Methods: From a group of 172 patients with AAA, in whom elective endovascular treatment was considered, 120 of them (69.8%) were found to be suitable for this type of therapy. The bifurcated type of stent-graft was implanted in 97 patients, uniiliacal type in 19 patients and only four patients were found to be suitable for tubular type of stent-graft. Additional necessary procedures (internal iliac artery occlusion or contralateral common iliac artery occlusion in a group of patients with uniiliacal type of stent-graft) were performed surgically during the stent-graft implantation. CT and US controls were performed at 3, 6 and 12 months after implantation, later every 12 months. Results: Primary technical success was achieved in 109 of the 120 patients (91%). Primary endoleak was recorded in 11 patients (primary endoleak type Ia in seven patients, type Ib in three patients and type IIIa in one patient). Assisted technical success after reintervention or spontaneous seal was 98.3%. Surgical conversion was indicated in two patients (1.7%). Perioperative mortality rate was 3.3%. Total average follow-up period was 20.7 months (range from 2 to 60 months). In nine patients (7.5%) secondary endoleak type II was found at control CT or US, in three patients partial thrombosis of the stent-graft nts partial thrombosis of the stent-graft was found. There was no aneurysm rupture during follow-up. Conclusion: Treatment of AAA with Ella stent-graft system is effective and safe. Bifurcated stent-graft is the most frequently used type. Uniiliacal type of stent-graft is used by us only in cases of complicated morphology

140

Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms--6 years of experience with Ella stent-graft system  

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Purpose: Evaluation of 6-year results of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) treatment by Ella stent-grafts with regard to safety and effectivity in relation to morphology of the aneurysm. Methods: From a group of 172 patients with AAA, in whom elective endovascular treatment was considered, 120 of them (69.8%) were found to be suitable for this type of therapy. The bifurcated type of stent-graft was implanted in 97 patients, uniiliacal type in 19 patients and only four patients were found to be suitable for tubular type of stent-graft. Additional necessary procedures (internal iliac artery occlusion or contralateral common iliac artery occlusion in a group of patients with uniiliacal type of stent-graft) were performed surgically during the stent-graft implantation. CT and US controls were performed at 3, 6 and 12 months after implantation, later every 12 months. Results: Primary technical success was achieved in 109 of the 120 patients (91%). Primary endoleak was recorded in 11 patients (primary endoleak type Ia in seven patients, type Ib in three patients and type IIIa in one patient). Assisted technical success after reintervention or spontaneous seal was 98.3%. Surgical conversion was indicated in two patients (1.7%). Perioperative mortality rate was 3.3%. Total average follow-up period was 20.7 months (range from 2 to 60 months). In nine patients (7.5%) secondary endoleak type II was found at control CT or US, in three patients partial thrombosis of the stent-graft was found. There was no aneurysm rupture during follow-up. Conclusion: Treatment of AAA with Ella stent-graft system is effective and safe. Bifurcated stent-graft is the most frequently used type. Uniiliacal type of stent-graft is used by us only in cases of complicated morphology.

Koecher, Martin E-mail: martin.kocher@seznam.cz; Utikal, Petr; Koutna, Jirina; Bachleda, Petr; Buriankova, Eva; Herman, Miroslav; Bucil, Jiri; Benysek, Vladimir; Cerna, Marie; Kojecky, Zdenek

2004-08-01

 
 
 
 
141

Type II Endoleak After Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Effectiveness of Embolization  

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The purpose of this study was to report our experience in treating type II endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Two hundred eighteen patients underwent EVAR with a Zenith stent-graft from January 2000 to December 2005. During a follow-up period of 4.5 ± 2.3 years, solely type II endoleak was detected in 47 patients (22%), and 14 of them underwent secondary interventions to correct this condition. Ten patients had transarterial embolization, and four patients had translumbar/transabdominal embolization. The embolization materials used were coils, thrombin, gelatin, Onyx (ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer), and glue. Disappearance of the endoleak without enlargement of the aneurysm sac after the first secondary intervention was achieved in only five of these patients (5/13). One patient without surveillance imaging was excluded from analyses of clinical success. After additional interventions in four patients and the spontaneous disappearance of type II endoleak in two patients, overall clinical success was achieved in eight patients (8/12). One patient did not have surveillance imaging after the second secondary intervention. Clinical success after the first secondary intervention was achieved in two patients (2/9) in the transarterial embolization group and three patients (3/4) in the translumbar embolization group. The results of secondary interventions for type II endoleak are unsatisfactory. Although the small number ofatisfactory. Although the small number of patients included in this study prevents reliable comparisons between groups, the results seem to favor direct translumbar embolization in comparison to transarterial embolization.

142

Cost-effectiveness of the endovascular repair: of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Portugal / Custo-efetividade no tratamento do aneurisma da aorta abdominal: uma abordagem no contexto Português  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O tratamento endovascular (EVAR) do aneurisma da aorta abdominal tem sido apontado, nos últimos anos, como uma alternativa bastante atrativa à cirurgia convencional. Não obstante tais benefícios clínicos e percepcionados pelos doentes, os estudos de avaliação económica parecem não ser tão consistent [...] es, o que requer algumas considerações aquando da utilização desta opção terapêutica em larga escala. Objetivos: Avaliar, no contexto Português, o custo-efetividade do EVAR no tratamento do aneurisma da aorta abdominal comparado com o tratamento por cirurgia convencional, usando um modelo desenvolvido previamente no Reino Unido. Metodologia: Os benefícios foram baseados em estudos clínicos internacionais, assumindo que tais resultados podem ser aplicados ao contexto Português. Constituiu-se um painel de peritos para apurar a utilização de recursos associados à intervenção bem como as consequências a curto e médio prazo (valorizados com preços de Portugal). Resultados: A diferença de custos na intervenção primária entre o EVAR e o tratamento por cirurgia convencional, deveu-se ao preço da endoprótese. Não se verificaram diferenças, entre ambos os procedimentos, no que respeita ao custo total associado às complicações e reintervenções. O rácio custo-efetividade incremental (ICER) do EVAR foi de 65,605€/QALY. Conclusões: O tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal apresenta resultados que parecem comprovar uma elevada efetividade tendo sido utilizada, nos últimos anos, de forma crescente um pouco por todo o mundo. Apesar dos resultados custo-efetividade, aqui apurados, estarem acima do que que é considerado limiar de aceitação em Portugal, o valor económico do EVAR melhoraria se se confirmassem os benefícios a longo prazo que, alguns dos estudos recentes, parecem apontar. Nessas circunstâncias, o tratamento endovascular tornar-se-ia uma intervenção economicamente interessante que, aliada aos bons resultados ao nível da efetividade e da qualidade de vida dos doentes, poderia ser indicada para um maior número de situações clínicas. Abstract in english Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR) for the treatment of aortic abdominal aneurism has been shown to improve short-term survival and quality of life as compared to Open Repair (OR), while reducing the rate of serious complications and allowing for the treatment of more patients. Objectives: To exami [...] ne the cost-effectiveness of EVAR compared to OR in the treatment of aortic abdominal aneurism in the Portuguese context using a model previously developed in the UK. Methodology: We adapted an international economic evaluation model to the Portuguese situation, assuming that the health benefits of EVAR observed in clinical trials would also apply to Portuguese patients. We carried out an expert panel survey to calculate the resource use associated with the intervention and its short and long-term consequences, valued with Portuguese prices. Results: The major cost difference in the primary intervention (difference of 3,064 € in favor of OR) is related to the cost of the endograft/graft. No major differences are observed in the total cost of complications and re-interventions between the two procedures. EVAR represents a cost of 16,709 € over lifetime compared to 12,130 € for OR. Using data from the literature we show that EVAR allows for 0.17 additional undiscounted years of life and 0.091 additional undiscounted quality-adjusted life years. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of EVAR is of 65,605 €/QALY. Conclusion: Endovascular repair of aortic abdominal aneurysm represents an effective alternative and has been used increasingly in Portugal and elsewhere. Our study shows that its cost-effectiveness is currently above the commonly accepted threshold in Portugal, but that the economic value of EVAR would greatly improve if benefits were confirmed in the long run after the intervention. Under these circumst

Paulo, Sousa; Julian, Perelman; Klára, Dimitrovová; António Santos, Simões; Daniel, Brandão; João Albuquerque e, Castro; Luís Mendes, Pedro; Rui, Machado; Sérgio, Sampaio; Paul, Hayes; José, Fernandes e Fernandes.

143

Cost-effectiveness of the endovascular repair: of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Portugal / Custo-efetividade no tratamento do aneurisma da aorta abdominal: uma abordagem no contexto Português  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Portugal | Language: English Abstract in portuguese O tratamento endovascular (EVAR) do aneurisma da aorta abdominal tem sido apontado, nos últimos anos, como uma alternativa bastante atrativa à cirurgia convencional. Não obstante tais benefícios clínicos e percepcionados pelos doentes, os estudos de avaliação económica parecem não ser tão consistent [...] es, o que requer algumas considerações aquando da utilização desta opção terapêutica em larga escala. Objetivos: Avaliar, no contexto Português, o custo-efetividade do EVAR no tratamento do aneurisma da aorta abdominal comparado com o tratamento por cirurgia convencional, usando um modelo desenvolvido previamente no Reino Unido. Metodologia: Os benefícios foram baseados em estudos clínicos internacionais, assumindo que tais resultados podem ser aplicados ao contexto Português. Constituiu-se um painel de peritos para apurar a utilização de recursos associados à intervenção bem como as consequências a curto e médio prazo (valorizados com preços de Portugal). Resultados: A diferença de custos na intervenção primária entre o EVAR e o tratamento por cirurgia convencional, deveu-se ao preço da endoprótese. Não se verificaram diferenças, entre ambos os procedimentos, no que respeita ao custo total associado às complicações e reintervenções. O rácio custo-efetividade incremental (ICER) do EVAR foi de 65,605€/QALY. Conclusões: O tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal apresenta resultados que parecem comprovar uma elevada efetividade tendo sido utilizada, nos últimos anos, de forma crescente um pouco por todo o mundo. Apesar dos resultados custo-efetividade, aqui apurados, estarem acima do que que é considerado limiar de aceitação em Portugal, o valor económico do EVAR melhoraria se se confirmassem os benefícios a longo prazo que, alguns dos estudos recentes, parecem apontar. Nessas circunstâncias, o tratamento endovascular tornar-se-ia uma intervenção economicamente interessante que, aliada aos bons resultados ao nível da efetividade e da qualidade de vida dos doentes, poderia ser indicada para um maior número de situações clínicas. Abstract in english Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR) for the treatment of aortic abdominal aneurism has been shown to improve short-term survival and quality of life as compared to Open Repair (OR), while reducing the rate of serious complications and allowing for the treatment of more patients. Objectives: To exami [...] ne the cost-effectiveness of EVAR compared to OR in the treatment of aortic abdominal aneurism in the Portuguese context using a model previously developed in the UK. Methodology: We adapted an international economic evaluation model to the Portuguese situation, assuming that the health benefits of EVAR observed in clinical trials would also apply to Portuguese patients. We carried out an expert panel survey to calculate the resource use associated with the intervention and its short and long-term consequences, valued with Portuguese prices. Results: The major cost difference in the primary intervention (difference of 3,064 € in favor of OR) is related to the cost of the endograft/graft. No major differences are observed in the total cost of complications and re-interventions between the two procedures. EVAR represents a cost of 16,709 € over lifetime compared to 12,130 € for OR. Using data from the literature we show that EVAR allows for 0.17 additional undiscounted years of life and 0.091 additional undiscounted quality-adjusted life years. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of EVAR is of 65,605 €/QALY. Conclusion: Endovascular repair of aortic abdominal aneurysm represents an effective alternative and has been used increasingly in Portugal and elsewhere. Our study shows that its cost-effectiveness is currently above the commonly accepted threshold in Portugal, but that the economic value of EVAR would greatly improve if benefits were confirmed in the long run after the intervention. Under these circumst

Paulo, Sousa; Julian, Perelman; Klára, Dimitrovová; António Santos, Simões; Daniel, Brandão; João Albuquerque e, Castro; Luís Mendes, Pedro; Rui, Machado; Sérgio, Sampaio; Paul, Hayes; José, Fernandes e Fernandes.

2014-06-01

144

The Use of Direct Thrombin Injection to Treat a Type II Endoleak Following Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This report describes the use of thrombin to treat a type II endoleak which was causing continued abdominal aortic aneurysm expansion in a patient who had undergone endovascular repair. A small quantity of thrombin was injected into the leak by a percutaneous approach directly into the aneurysm sac using color doppler ultrasound. The procedure was successful and required only a few minutes to perform. We believe this procedure is an alternative to some of the more complex and technically challenging means of treating this lesion

145

Successful use of talc sclerodesis to control a persistent high-output groin seroma following endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

Groin wound lymphatic complications after vascular procedures are accompanied by increased risk of infection, prolonged hospital stay, and greater patient morbidity. High-output groin seromas can be difficult to manage and refractory to established interventions. Although subcutaneous talc has been used to prevent seroma accumulation in other high-risk surgical fields, such as after axillary lymph node dissection, it has not been described in the context of vascular surgery. This article presents the first reported case of a persistent high-output groin seroma after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair managed successfully with intraoperative application of sterile talc. PMID:23711974

Metcalfe, David; Sinha, Sidhartha; Sadek, Norah; Ho, Andrew L; Karthikesalingam, Alan; Jones, Keith G; Hinchliffe, Robert J; Thompson, Matt M; Black, Stephen A

2013-08-01

146

Comparação entre os tratamentos aberto e endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta abdominal em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico / Comparison between open and endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms in high surgical risk patients  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: Comparar os resultados dos tratamentos aberto e endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal em pacientes de alto risco cirúrgico. MÉTODOS: O tratamento aberto foi realizado em 31 pacientes, e o endovascular, em 18. Sucesso no tratamento endovascular foi definido como perviedade da endopr [...] ótese sem endoleaks ou conversão para tratamento aberto. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença na mortalidade perioperatória entre o tratamento aberto (dois óbitos [6,45%] em 31) e o endovascular (um óbito [5,55%] em 18) (P = 0,899); também não houve diferença entre a mortalidade tardia no tratamento aberto (dois óbitos [6,9%] em 29) e no endovascular (dois óbitos [11,7%] em 17) (P = 0,572). A taxa de sucesso imediato foi de 100% (31/31) no tratamento aberto e de 66,7% (12/18) no endovascular (P = 0,0006); a taxa de sucesso tardio foi de 100% (27/27) no tratamento aberto e de 73,3% (11/15) no endovascular (P = 0,0047). Os valores médios do tempo de internação na UTI, tempo de internação hospitalar e da perda de sangue para os grupos dos tratamentos aberto e endovascular foram: 65,6 versus 34,1 horas*, 9 versus 5,6 dias* e 932 versus 225 ml*, respectivamente (*P Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of open repair and endoluminal repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms in high surgical risk patients. METHODS: Open repair was performed in 31 patients, and endoluminal repair was performed in 18. Success in the endoluminal repair group was defined as continuing graft [...] function without endoleak or conversion to open repair. RESULTS: No significant difference was found between the perioperative mortality rate for open repair (two deaths [6.45%] in 31 patients) and endoluminal repair (one death [5.55%] in 18 patients) (P = 0.899); similarly, no significant difference was seen in late mortality between open repair (two deaths [6.9%] in 29 patients) and endoluminal repair (two deaths [11.7%] in 17 patients) (P = 0.572); The rate of immediate success was 100% (31/31) for open repair and 66.7% (12/18) for endoluminal repair (P = 0.0006); the rate of late success was 100% (27/27) for open repair and 73.3% (11/15) for endoluminal repair (P = 0.0047). The mean values for intensive care stay, hospital stay and blood loss for open repair and endoluminal repair groups were: 65.6 vs. 34.1 hours*, 9 vs. 5.6 days* and 932 vs. 225 ml*, respectively (P

Célio Teixeira, Mendonça; Ricardo C. R., Moreira; Jorge R. Ribas, Timi; Márcio, Miyamotto; Mário, Martins; Isidoro C., Stanischesk; Carlos E., DelValle; Rossano, Jarabiza.

147

Imaging techniques for the endovascular repair of aneurysms of the abdominal aorta  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Digital subtraction angiography (DSA), CT angiography (CTA) and MR angiography are being used as imaging techniques preoperatively, intraoperatively and postoperatively in the Endovascular AAA Programme of Utrecht University Medical Center

148

Tratamiento endovascular de la aorta torácica descendente: Resultados a mediano plazo / Endovascular Treatment of the Descending Thoracic Aorta: Mid-Term Results  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo El propósito de esta publicación es comunicar nuestros resultados inmediatos y a mediano plazo del tratamiento endovascular de la aorta torácica descendente mediante implante de endoprótesis. Material y métodos Entre agosto de 1999 y agosto de 2006, 74 pacientes consecutivos, 53 hombres y 2 [...] 1 mujeres, fueron tratados por vía endovascular con implante de una prótesis autoexpandible. La edad media fue de 60 ± 14,8 años. Las indicaciones para tratamiento fueron disección aguda (n = 8); 11%, disección crónica (n = 31); 42%, hematoma intramural (n = 5); 7%, aneurisma verdadero (n = 17); 23%, úlcera penetrante (n = 4); 5% y seudoaneurisma traumático (n = 9); 12%. Resultados El implante del dispositivo fue exitoso en 73 (98,6%) pacientes; no se requirió conversión quirúrgica en ninguno de ellos. Ningún paciente presentó paraplejía o déficit neurológico. La mortalidad a los 30 días fue del 8,1% (n = 6). La mediana de seguimiento fue de 33,5 meses (rango 1-79) y la sobrevida global fue del 84% (IC 69-92%) y del 91% (IC 77-97%), según se incluyese o no la mortalidad temprana. El 93% (IC 84-97%) de los pacientes estaban libres de complicaciones relacionadas con el procedimiento. La mayoría de las complicaciones ocurrieron durante el primer año de seguimiento. Conclusiones El tratamiento endovascular de la aorta torácica descendente con implante de endoprótesis autoexpandible es factible y seguro. La baja incidencia de eventos en relación con las series quirúrgicas publicadas hace que este procedimiento sea de elección en pacientes seleccionados. Abstract in english Objective The purpose of this paper is to assess and report our immediate and mid-term results with the endoluminal treatment of aneurysmal disease of the descending thoracic aorta, using an endoprosthesis or stent-graft. Material and Methods From August 1999 to August 2006, 74 consecutive patients [...] (53 men and 21 women) were treated with an endovascular self-expanding stent-graft. Their mean age was 60 ± 14.8 years. Indications for treatment were: acute dissection in 8 patients (11%), chronic dissection in 31 patients (42%), intramural hematoma in 5 patients (7%), true aneurysm in 17 patients (23%), penetrating ulcer in 4 patients (5%) and posttraumatic pseudoaneurysm in 9 patients (12%). Results The implant of the device was successful in 73 patients (98.6%); no patient required surgical conversion. There were no cases of paraplegia or neurological deficit. Thirty-day mortality was 8.1% (n = 6). Median follow-up time was 33.5 months (range: 1-79 months) and overall survival was 84% (CI: 69-92%) and 91% (CI: 77-97%), according to whether early mortality was included or not. Ninetythree percent of patients (CI: 84-97%) were free from procedure- related complications. Most complications occurred during the first year of follow-up. Conclusions Endovascular treatment of the descending thoracic aorta with self-expanding stent-grafts is feasible and safe. Based on the low incidence of events reported in the surgical series published, we believe this is the procedure of choice in selected patients.

Hernán G., Bertoni; Mario P., Fava; Germán A., Girella; Cristian, Zgrablich; Pablo, Ruda Vega; Gustavo A., Salvo; Fabián A., Azzari; Gustavo, Andersen; Adrián, Charask; Jorge H., Leguizamón.

2007-04-01

149

Oclusión de la aorta abdominal infrarrenal: Reconstrucción endovascular con stent / Endovascular Stent-Graft Repair for the Occlusion of the Infrarenal Aorta  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción La oclusión total de la aorta abdominal es de presentación poco frecuente y afecta más a menudo a mujeres de edad mediana con antecedentes de tabaquismo y dislipidemia. El punto de partida de la terapéutica endovascular en la aorta fue la angioplastia en las arterias ilíacas y fue progr [...] esando desde el balón hasta la colocación de stents. Objetivo Comunicar nuestros resultados inmediatos y el seguimiento a mediano plazo de pacientes con oclusión de la aorta abdominal tratadas con stents por vía endovascular. Material y métodos Desde octubre de 1998 a mayo de 2005 en nuestro servicio se trataron 5 pacientes de sexo femenino por oclusión total de la aorta abdominal, con síntomas de claudicación grave de ambos miembros inferiores. Los procedimientos se realizaron con anestesia local y sedación. Por vía femoral, se intenta recanalizar con las cuerdas de Whooley o hidrófila Glidewire. Posteriormente se realiza un angiograma abdominal e intercambio por cuerda Amplatz con la cual se avanza el balón para realizar las dilataciones antes de implantar el stent. Las pacientes con lesiones ilíacas también se trataron con stent. El índice tobillo-brazo era de 0,71. El promedio de hospitalización fue de 2 días. Al alta se indicaron clopidogrel y aspirina como medicación antiplaquetaria, excepto la primera paciente (ticlopidina y aspirina). El seguimiento fue clínico y por ecografía Doppler color a la semana, al mes, a los 6 meses y a los 12 meses. Resultados Las pacientes eran de sexo femenino, con antecedentes de tabaquismo y dislipidemia. Todos los procedimientos fueron técnicamente exitosos, con mejoría del índice tobillo-brazo a 0,98. Una paciente presentó un hematoma inguinal en el sitio de punción, con buena evolución posterior. En el seguimiento alejado clínico y por ultrasonido se observó una permeabilidad de la aorta del 100%, con estenosis en una paciente tratada a nivel de la arteria ilíaca en el segmento no cubierto por el stent. Conclusiones En este grupo de pacientes con oclusión total de la aorta abdominal, la angioplastia con balón e implantación de stent ha demostrado que es una técnica segura y efectiva, con éxito técnico y permeabilidad en el seguimiento a mediano plazo en todas las pacientes. Abstract in english Background Total occlusion of the abdominal aorta is an infrequent condition mostly affecting middle-aged women with a history of smoking and dyslipemia. Angioplasty of the iliac arteries was the starting point of endovascular treatment of the aorta, progressing from balloon angioplasty to stent-gra [...] fts insertion. Objective To report the immediate results and mid-term follow-up outcomes in patients with occlusion of the abdominal aorta treated with endovascular stent-graft repair. Material and Methods From October 1998 to May 2005, 5 female patients with total occlusion of the abdominal aorta with severe symptoms of claudication of both lower limbs were treated at our Department. The procedures were performed under local anesthesia and sedation. Whooley or hydrophilic Glidewire guide wires were inserted through the femoral artery. After abdominal angiography was performed, guide wires were removed and the balloon was introduced through an Amplatz guide wire; dilatations were done before the stent-graft was placed. Patients with iliac lesions were also treated with stents. The ankle-arm index was 0.71. Mean hospital stay was 2 days. Patients were discharged with clopidogrel and aspirin as antiplatelet therapy, except for the first patient who received ticlopidine and aspirin. Clinical assessment and color echo-Doppler were performed at week 1, and at 1, 6 and 12 months of follow-up. Results All patients were women, with a history of smoking and dyslipemia. All the procedures were technically successful, and the ankle-arm index improved to 0.98. One patient presented an inguinal hematoma at the puncture site, with favorable outcomes. During late follow-up, ultrasound sh

Carlos, Fernández-Pereira; Juan, Mieres; Matías, Rodríguez-Granillo; Juan, Guiroy; Gustavo, Risau; Claudio, Llaurado; Alejandro, Incarbone; Gastón, Rodríguez-Granillo; N. Gustavo, Allende; Alfredo E., Rodríguez.

150

Oclusión de la aorta abdominal infrarrenal: Reconstrucción endovascular con stent / Endovascular Stent-Graft Repair for the Occlusion of the Infrarenal Aorta  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción La oclusión total de la aorta abdominal es de presentación poco frecuente y afecta más a menudo a mujeres de edad mediana con antecedentes de tabaquismo y dislipidemia. El punto de partida de la terapéutica endovascular en la aorta fue la angioplastia en las arterias ilíacas y fue progr [...] esando desde el balón hasta la colocación de stents. Objetivo Comunicar nuestros resultados inmediatos y el seguimiento a mediano plazo de pacientes con oclusión de la aorta abdominal tratadas con stents por vía endovascular. Material y métodos Desde octubre de 1998 a mayo de 2005 en nuestro servicio se trataron 5 pacientes de sexo femenino por oclusión total de la aorta abdominal, con síntomas de claudicación grave de ambos miembros inferiores. Los procedimientos se realizaron con anestesia local y sedación. Por vía femoral, se intenta recanalizar con las cuerdas de Whooley o hidrófila Glidewire. Posteriormente se realiza un angiograma abdominal e intercambio por cuerda Amplatz con la cual se avanza el balón para realizar las dilataciones antes de implantar el stent. Las pacientes con lesiones ilíacas también se trataron con stent. El índice tobillo-brazo era de 0,71. El promedio de hospitalización fue de 2 días. Al alta se indicaron clopidogrel y aspirina como medicación antiplaquetaria, excepto la primera paciente (ticlopidina y aspirina). El seguimiento fue clínico y por ecografía Doppler color a la semana, al mes, a los 6 meses y a los 12 meses. Resultados Las pacientes eran de sexo femenino, con antecedentes de tabaquismo y dislipidemia. Todos los procedimientos fueron técnicamente exitosos, con mejoría del índice tobillo-brazo a 0,98. Una paciente presentó un hematoma inguinal en el sitio de punción, con buena evolución posterior. En el seguimiento alejado clínico y por ultrasonido se observó una permeabilidad de la aorta del 100%, con estenosis en una paciente tratada a nivel de la arteria ilíaca en el segmento no cubierto por el stent. Conclusiones En este grupo de pacientes con oclusión total de la aorta abdominal, la angioplastia con balón e implantación de stent ha demostrado que es una técnica segura y efectiva, con éxito técnico y permeabilidad en el seguimiento a mediano plazo en todas las pacientes. Abstract in english Background Total occlusion of the abdominal aorta is an infrequent condition mostly affecting middle-aged women with a history of smoking and dyslipemia. Angioplasty of the iliac arteries was the starting point of endovascular treatment of the aorta, progressing from balloon angioplasty to stent-gra [...] fts insertion. Objective To report the immediate results and mid-term follow-up outcomes in patients with occlusion of the abdominal aorta treated with endovascular stent-graft repair. Material and Methods From October 1998 to May 2005, 5 female patients with total occlusion of the abdominal aorta with severe symptoms of claudication of both lower limbs were treated at our Department. The procedures were performed under local anesthesia and sedation. Whooley or hydrophilic Glidewire guide wires were inserted through the femoral artery. After abdominal angiography was performed, guide wires were removed and the balloon was introduced through an Amplatz guide wire; dilatations were done before the stent-graft was placed. Patients with iliac lesions were also treated with stents. The ankle-arm index was 0.71. Mean hospital stay was 2 days. Patients were discharged with clopidogrel and aspirin as antiplatelet therapy, except for the first patient who received ticlopidine and aspirin. Clinical assessment and color echo-Doppler were performed at week 1, and at 1, 6 and 12 months of follow-up. Results All patients were women, with a history of smoking and dyslipemia. All the procedures were technically successful, and the ankle-arm index improved to 0.98. One patient presented an inguinal hematoma at the puncture site, with favorable outcomes. During late follow-up, ultrasound sh

Carlos, Fernández-Pereira; Juan, Mieres; Matías, Rodríguez-Granillo; Juan, Guiroy; Gustavo, Risau; Claudio, Llaurado; Alejandro, Incarbone; Gastón, Rodríguez-Granillo; N. Gustavo, Allende; Alfredo E., Rodríguez.

2008-06-01

151

Anatomic suitability for endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms and possible benefits of low profile delivery systems.  

Science.gov (United States)

The aim of the study was to evaluate the anatomic suitability for endovascular abdominal aneurysm repair (EVAR) according to instructions for use (IFUs) of three commercially available bifurcated stent graft devices and explore the possible benefits of low-profile delivery systems. Computed tomography scans of 241 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) were evaluated for suitability of Zenith Flex(®), Gore Excluder(®) and Endurant(®) bifurcated stent graft systems according to their IFUs. The most common exclusion criteria and possible benefits of smaller diameter delivery systems were analyzed. When choosing the most suitable graft model for each patient, the overall suitability was 49.4%. By brand, the suitability was 28.6% for Zenith(®), 25.7% for Gore Excluder(®) and 48.1% for Endurant(®). By step wise accepting iliac diameters of ?6 mm, ?5 mm and ?4 mm the overall suitability increased to 56.7, 58.9 and 60.2%, respectively (P < 0.001). Diameters below 4 mm had no additional effect on suitability as combinations of other anatomical features, with or without narrow iliacs, accounted for the remaining excluding factors. In conclusion, Less than half of patients with AAAs are suitable for EVAR according to current IFUs. Low-profile delivery systems may allow for endovascular treatment in up to 60% of patients. PMID:23518837

Kristmundsson, Thorarinn; Sonesson, Björn; Dias, Nuno; Malina, Martin; Resch, Timothy

2014-04-01

152

Second-stage endovascular repair of the delayed distal endoleak after stent-graft exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the second-stage endovascular repair of the delayed distal endoleak after stent-graft exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysm. Methods: Distal endoleak occurred in three patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm who had undergone the endovascular exclusion more than three years. All of them received the extension stent-grafts deployment. The procedures were operated via the bilateral common femoral arteries in two of the cases with one extension stent-graft on each side, and via the left retro-peritoneal route plus right common femoral artery in another one. Three with extensions was applied. Results: With the application of guide-wire stretching technique, all the endoleaks were sealed after the additional deployment of extensions. Conclusions: The unsteady-character of the Vanguard stent-graft might be the cause of distal endoleak. Utility of additional extension is the most valuable therapy. Application of guide-wire stretching technique is much helpful to achieve the success of the procedure and shorten the operation time

153

Enhancement of ascites during abdominal oncological endovascular intervention without iatrogenic extravasation in patients with chronic liver disease  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To evaluate ascites enhancement during abdominal oncological endovascular intervention (IVR) without iatrogenic extravasation and the factors associated with enhancement of ascites. Methods and materials: CT images were obtained using an IVR-CT system for 73 patients with chronic liver disease and ascites. The CT images were obtained at least twice during each IVR. Radiodensity values of ascites at CT were measured for the first and last CT images in each procedure. The factors evaluated for their association with elevated ascitic fluid density were age, interval from the first to the last CT scan, Child–Pugh score, albumin level, total bilirubin level, prothrombin activity, the need for transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE), estimated glomerular filtration rate, total amount of contrast material (CM) per square metre of body surface area (/m2), amount of ascitic fluid, and the amount of CM entering the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) or coeliac artery/m2. Results: The average ascitic radiodensity values for the first and last CT images were 18 and 51 HU, respectively. The percentage of patients with “significantly elevated” ascitic fluid density (?10 HU) was 92%. Multivariate analysis showed that the total amount of CM/m2 and the amount of ascitic fluid were significantly correlated and inversely correlated, respectively, with elevated ascitic fluid density. Conclusions: Ascites enhancement without extravasation frequently occurs during abdominal oncological endovascular intervention in patients with chronic liver disease

154

Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Abdominal Aneurysm into the Inferior Vena Cava in Patient After Stent Graft Placement  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report the case of a patient who underwent endovascular repair and then reintervention as a result of the presence of a persistent endoleak complicated by an aortocaval fistula. A 76-year-old patient with a history of endovascular treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm 2 years earlier had a palpable abdominal mass, high-output cardiac failure, and renal failure. A computed tomographic scan and angiography revealed bending of the right iliac limb, a type I endoleak, and rupture of the aneurysm into the inferior vena cava with aortocaval fistula formation. An iliac extension was positioned in the right external iliac artery. The procedure was finished successfully. Control angiography showed normal flow within the endoprosthesis, and both iliac arteries were without signs of endoleakage and aortocaval fistula. Ectatic common iliac artery may lead to a late distal attachment site endoleak. The application of a stent graft in cases of secondary aortocaval fistula after stent graft repair is a good option, particularly in emergency cases.

155

Estudo comparativo entre tratamento endovascular e cirurgia convencional na correção eletiva de aneurisma de aorta abdominal: revisão bibliográfica / Endovascular elective treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm versus conventional open repair: a comparative study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese O tratamento eletivo do aneurisma de aorta abdominal é recomendado pela alta morbiletalidade decorrente da eventual ruptura. O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar o reparo endovascular eletivo com a cirurgia aberta e avaliar as mortalidades hospitalar e perioperatória, em 1 ano, por todas as causas [...] e relacionadas ao aneurisma, a permanência hospitalar, as complicações, as taxas de sobrevida, conversão e reintervenção, a durabilidade do enxerto, o custo-benefício e a relação desses dados com o treinamento da equipe médica responsável pelo tratamento. Realizou-se uma revisão da literatura sobre reparo endovascular versus cirurgia convencional. Foram observados vantagem na sobrevivência perioperatória e menor estresse pós-cirúrgico; no entanto, os benefícios iniciais são perdidos por complicações e reintervenções tardias. Trabalhos baseados nas primeiras gerações de endopróteses superestimam as taxas de mortalidade em curto prazo, complicações e reintervenções. A durabilidade do enxerto, a real vantagem na sobrevida e o custo-benefício são incertos, e outros estudos são necessários para o seguimento em longo prazo. Abstract in english The elective treatment of the abdominal aortic aneurysm is recommended due to the high morbidity and mortality of a possible rupture. The objective of this study was to compare the elective endovascular aneurysm repair with open repair and to analyze the in-hospital and perioperative mortality rate [...] during 1 year related to all causes and to the aneurysm, as well as the postoperative length of hospital stay, complications, survival rates, conversion and reintervention, graft durability, cost-benefit ratio, and relation with the medical team’s experience. A review of the scientific literature about endovascular versus open repair was carried out. We found a higher rate of perioperative survival and less postoperative stress; nevertheless, the initial benefits were lost due to late complications and reinterventions. First-generation endografts overestimated the early results of mortality rates, complications, and reinterventions. Endograft durability, real advantage of survival rates, and cost-benefits are uncertain and further long-term follow-up studies are necessary.

Ana Carolina P., Simão; Ana Carolina de Alencar, Gonçalves; Milena Miguita, Paulino; Renata Barbosa de, Oliveira; Camila Aparecida, Polli; Ayrton Cássio, Fratezi.

156

Non-invasiv, Multi Detector Row (MDR) based Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis of hemodynamics in infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) before and after endovascular repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: Simulation, description and analysis of dynamic pressure in infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) before and after endovascular repair. Materials and Methods: During March 1996 and May 2001, 13 patients with AAA underwent endovascular treatment. The MDR-CT scans of these patients were used for the non-invasive analysis of the hemodynamics in the aorta with CFD software before and after endovascular repair. One pre-interventional and three post-interventional CT scans were analyzed for each patient. Results: Compared to the pre-interventional simulation, endovascular treatment led to an average dynamic pressure decrease of 1057 Pa in 10 of 13 patients. During the subsequent course, the median of the dynamic pressure decreased in 8 of 13 patients. Vulnerable regions initially identified as high-pressure regions, like the docking area or the second stent limb, adapted to the pressure in the surrounding tissue in the course of time. (orig.)

157

Tratamiento endovascular y trombólisis intraarterial en el ictus isquémico agudo / Endovascular treatment and intra-arterial thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Analizar la eficacia y la seguridad de la trombólisis intraarterial y el tratamiento endovascular en pacientes con ictus isquémico agudo. Diseño y ámbito: Estudio prospectivo observacional en una unidad de cuidados intensivos. Pacientes: Dieciséis pacientes recibieron tratamiento endovascu [...] lar. Se recogieron datos epidemiológicos, localización de la oclusión arterial, tiempo desde el ictus al tratamiento, indicación del tratamiento, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale al ingreso y al alta hospitalaria, y complicaciones y evolución funcional por escala de Rankin modificada realizada mediante una encuesta telefónica. Resultados: Diez varones, con una edad media de 59 años (29-74) y una estancia media en la unidad de cuidados intensivos de 6 días (1-33). Siete pacientes requirieron ventilación mecánica. Indicación del tratamiento: 4 casos por fracaso de la trombólisis intravenosa, 5 por oclusión de gran vaso, 2 por estar fuera de la ventana terapéutica, 3 por oclusión de la circulación posterior, uno por estar fuera de la ventana terapéutica y tener, además, una oclusión de gran vaso y uno por contraindicación para la trombólisis intravenosa. Localización de la oclusión: 3 en la circulación posterior y 13 en el territorio carotídeo y sus ramas. El fibrinolítico utilizado fue uroquinasa en dosis de 100.000-600.000 UI. Cuatro pacientes requirieron embolectomía mecánica y 10, implantación de stent. Se obtuvo recanalización completa en 11 pacientes (69%) y parcial en 4 (25%). Tres pacientes evolucionaron a muerte encefálica. Seis pacientes (46%) tuvieron una buena recuperación (escala de Rankin modificada 10) -tiempo de evolución de 3-6h-, y contraindicacio'n para la trombólisis intravenosa y la oclusión arterial proximal. Abstract in english Objective: Analysis of the safety and efficacy of intra-arterial thrombolysis therapy and endovascular treatment in acute ischemic stroke. Design and area: An observational prospective study in the Intensive Care Unit. Patients and methods: 16 patients had endovascular treatment. Epidemiological dat [...] a, arterial occlusion site, time between stroke onset and treatment, treatment indication, NIHSS scale at admission and discharge from hospital, complications and functional outcome measured by modified Rankin scale (obtained by telephone survey) were collected. Results: Ten male patients with a mean age of 59 years (29-74) were included. The mean stay in the ICU was 6 days (1-33). Seven patients required mechanical ventilation. Treatment indications were: intravenous thrombolysis failure in 4 patients, major vessel occlusion in 5, outside of the therapeutic window in 2, posterior circulation occlusion in 3, outside of the therapeutic window plus major vessel occlusion in 1 and intravenous thrombolysis contraindication in 1. The occlusion site was on posterior circulation in 3 and on carotid territories and branches in 13. Thrombolytic treatment used was Urokinase at a dose of 100,000-600,000IU. Four patients required mechanical embolectomy and 10 stent implantation. Complete recanalization was observed in 11 (69%) and partial in 4 (25%). Three evolved to brain death. Six patients (46%) had a favorable outcome (modified Rankin scale score 10), evolution time between 3-6h, intravenous thrombolysis contraindication and proximal arterial occlusion.

D., Escudero; R., Molina; L., Viña; P., Rodríguez; L., Marqués; E., Fernández; L., Forcelledo; J., Otero; F., Taboada; P., Vega; E., Murias; A., Gil.

2010-09-01

158

Resultados en el corto y mediano plazo de la reparación endovascular de aneurismas de la aorta abdominal y arterias ilíacas: Experience in 28 patients / Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneuriysms  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados iniciales y en el mediano plazo de la reparación endovascular de los aneurismas del sector aorto-ilíaco. Material y Método: Revisión de una serie clínica de pacientes operados en forma consecutiva por vía endovascular en el Hospital Dr. Eduardo Pereira de Valparaíso [...] por aneurismas del sector aorto-ilíaco desde 2007 al 2012 con seguimiento actualizado. Resultados: Se trata de 28 pacientes (22 varones), una edad promedio de 72,5 años (rango 59-86) y un seguimiento promedio de 27,4 meses (rango 1-65 meses). Los pacientes fueron seleccionados de acuerdo a la anatomía aorto-ilíaca y su estado general. A 25 pacientes se les instaló una prótesis bifurcada tri-modular, a un paciente una prótesis bifurcada con sólo dos módulos, a otro paciente una prótesis aorto uni ilíaca, y a una paciente una endoprótesis recta luego de una desconexión visceral abdominal. Un paciente fallece a los 31 días después de operado por falla orgánica múltiple y otros dos pacientes fallecen a los 24 meses a causa de un cáncer vesicular y a los 36 meses por un cáncer rectal. El seguimiento alejado evidenció ausencia de endofugas tipo 1, 3 ó 4 y una endofuga tipo 2 en dos pacientes, que no han requerido ninguna intervención. Conclusión: La reparación endovascular de los aneurismas del sector aorto-ilíaco es segura en el corto y mediano plazo, en pacientes con las condiciones anatómicas apropiadas en un centro quirúrgico adecuadamente equipado. Abstract in english Background: Endovascular repair of aortic aneurysms is less invasive than the traditional surgical approach. Aim: To evaluate the early and mid-term results of aorto-iliac aneurysm endovascular repair. Material and Methods: Analysis of 28 patients aged 59 to 86 years (22 males), subjected to an endo [...] vas-cular repair of aorto-iliac aneurysms between 2007 and 2012. Results: The follow up period of patients ranged from 1 to 65 months. A tri-modular bifurcated prosthesis was installed in 25 patients. A bi-modular bifurcated prosthesis was installed in one patient, an aorto uni iliac prosthesis was installed in one patient; in other patient, a straight endoprosthesis was installed after an abdominal visceral disconnection. In cases of associated iliac aneurysms, unilateral iliac embolization was carried out in seven patients and bilateral embolization in one patient. In one case, the sealing of the hypogastric artery was achieved leaning the prosthetic branch on the hypogastric artery ostium. One patient died 31 days after the operation due to multiple organ failure. One patient died 24 months after surgery due to a gallbladder cancer and other patient died 36 months after surgery due to a rectal cancer. The long-term follow-up showed the presence of type 2 endo-leaks in two patients. The aneurysm decreased in size in 83% of patients after 2 years of follow-up. In five patients, a non-progressive laminar parietal thrombosis inside the endoprosthesis, was observed in the immediate postoperative period. It was initially treated with oral anticoagulants. Conclusions: Endovascular repair of aorto-iliac aneurysms is safe and effective in patients with appropriate anatomical conditions, if a skilled surgical team is available.

JUAN, BOMBIN F; ALEJANDRO, KOTLIK A; JAIME, FERNÁNDEZ V; IVER, ZEGARRA I.

2013-12-01

159

Resultados en el corto y mediano plazo de la reparación endovascular de aneurismas de la aorta abdominal y arterias ilíacas: Experience in 28 patients / Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneuriysms  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados iniciales y en el mediano plazo de la reparación endovascular de los aneurismas del sector aorto-ilíaco. Material y Método: Revisión de una serie clínica de pacientes operados en forma consecutiva por vía endovascular en el Hospital Dr. Eduardo Pereira de Valparaíso [...] por aneurismas del sector aorto-ilíaco desde 2007 al 2012 con seguimiento actualizado. Resultados: Se trata de 28 pacientes (22 varones), una edad promedio de 72,5 años (rango 59-86) y un seguimiento promedio de 27,4 meses (rango 1-65 meses). Los pacientes fueron seleccionados de acuerdo a la anatomía aorto-ilíaca y su estado general. A 25 pacientes se les instaló una prótesis bifurcada tri-modular, a un paciente una prótesis bifurcada con sólo dos módulos, a otro paciente una prótesis aorto uni ilíaca, y a una paciente una endoprótesis recta luego de una desconexión visceral abdominal. Un paciente fallece a los 31 días después de operado por falla orgánica múltiple y otros dos pacientes fallecen a los 24 meses a causa de un cáncer vesicular y a los 36 meses por un cáncer rectal. El seguimiento alejado evidenció ausencia de endofugas tipo 1, 3 ó 4 y una endofuga tipo 2 en dos pacientes, que no han requerido ninguna intervención. Conclusión: La reparación endovascular de los aneurismas del sector aorto-ilíaco es segura en el corto y mediano plazo, en pacientes con las condiciones anatómicas apropiadas en un centro quirúrgico adecuadamente equipado. Abstract in english Background: Endovascular repair of aortic aneurysms is less invasive than the traditional surgical approach. Aim: To evaluate the early and mid-term results of aorto-iliac aneurysm endovascular repair. Material and Methods: Analysis of 28 patients aged 59 to 86 years (22 males), subjected to an endo [...] vas-cular repair of aorto-iliac aneurysms between 2007 and 2012. Results: The follow up period of patients ranged from 1 to 65 months. A tri-modular bifurcated prosthesis was installed in 25 patients. A bi-modular bifurcated prosthesis was installed in one patient, an aorto uni iliac prosthesis was installed in one patient; in other patient, a straight endoprosthesis was installed after an abdominal visceral disconnection. In cases of associated iliac aneurysms, unilateral iliac embolization was carried out in seven patients and bilateral embolization in one patient. In one case, the sealing of the hypogastric artery was achieved leaning the prosthetic branch on the hypogastric artery ostium. One patient died 31 days after the operation due to multiple organ failure. One patient died 24 months after surgery due to a gallbladder cancer and other patient died 36 months after surgery due to a rectal cancer. The long-term follow-up showed the presence of type 2 endo-leaks in two patients. The aneurysm decreased in size in 83% of patients after 2 years of follow-up. In five patients, a non-progressive laminar parietal thrombosis inside the endoprosthesis, was observed in the immediate postoperative period. It was initially treated with oral anticoagulants. Conclusions: Endovascular repair of aorto-iliac aneurysms is safe and effective in patients with appropriate anatomical conditions, if a skilled surgical team is available.

JUAN, BOMBIN F; ALEJANDRO, KOTLIK A; JAIME, FERNÁNDEZ V; IVER, ZEGARRA I.

160

Ligadura videolaparoscópica da artéria mesentérica inferior como tratamento de endoleak persistente após correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal Videolaparoscopic ligation of inferior mesenteric artery as a treatment of persistent endoleak after endoluminal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Videolaparoscopy has been widely used in the treatment of pathologies as cholelithiasis, appendicitis and adrenal tumor. Nowadays, has also been used to treat type II endoleaks after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. The goal of this work is to report one case of inferior mesenteric artery endoleak treated by videolaparoscopy.

Gaudencio Espinosa

2002-04-01

 
 
 
 
161

Tratamento endovascular da oclusão de ramo ilíaco de endoprótese bifurcada de aorta abdominal: trombectomia rotativa e aspirativa seguida de angioplastia com stent primário Endovascular treatment of iliac limb occlusion of a bifurcated abdominal aortic stent graft: rotational and aspiration thrombectomy followed by primary angioplasty and stenting  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A oclusão de ramo ilíaco de endoprótese bifurcada de aorta surge como complicação decorrente da correção endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal e várias abordagens terapêuticas têm sido empregadas para o tratamento dessa complicação em casos de isquemia de membro inferior. Apresentamos dois casos de tratamento totalmente percutâneo da oclusão de ramo ilíaco de endoprótese de aorta abdominal com dispositivo de trombectomia rotativa e aspirativa seguida de angioplastia com stent primário, sem complicações operatórias.Iliac limb occlusion of bifurcated aortic stent graft appears as complication of endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and several therapeutic approaches have been used to treat this problem in cases of lower limb ischemia. In two cases a totally endovascular approach was used to treat the limb occlusion by means of rotational and aspiration thrombectomy, followed by stenting. In both cases there were no postoperative complications.

Fabio Augusto Cypreste Oliveira

2012-09-01

162

Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair under General Anesthesia Does Not Decrease Perioperative Myocardial Ischemic Events Compared with Open Repair  

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Full Text Available Objectives: Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR is a common procedure for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA, based on minimal invasiveness compared with open surgical repair (OSR. However, general anesthesia can cause considerable perturbations in patients with AAA undergoing operative repair. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of myocardial ischemic events in association with hemodynamic changes during EVAR and OSR under general anesthesia. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the anesthetic and medical records of patients who underwent elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. ST segment changes on electrocardiography and hemodynamic changes were reviewed by the attending physicians. Results: Among 120 patients, EVAR and OSR were performed in 81 and 39 patients, respectively. There were no significant differences in preoperative morbidity between the two groups. The amount of estimated blood loss was significantly lower in EVAR than OSR. The incidence of ST segment changes in the two groups (EVAR: 16%, OSR: 23% was not statistically different. ST segment changes occurred mainly postoperatively at resolution of anesthesia in EVAR, compared with intraoperatively in OSR. ST segment changes were mostly accompanied by tachycardia in EVAR patients, whereas they were associated with hypotension in OSR. Conclusion: Our results demonstrated a comparable incidence of perioperative ST segment changes under general anesthesia in EVAR and OSR. Patients who undergo EVAR and develop tachycardia are at risk of myocardial ischemia at resolution of anesthesia.

Sumio Hoka

2013-03-01

163

Fístula arteriovenosa postraumática: tratamiento endovascular. Revisión de la literatura y presentación de un caso clínico Endovascular treatment of a post-traumatic arterio-venous fistula: Presentation of a clinical case and literature review  

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Full Text Available Las fístulas arteriovenosas en la cabeza y el cuello son entidades poco frecuentes. La mayoría es secundaria a heridas penetrantes por arma blanca. Se describe el tratamiento exitoso mediante cirugía endovascular de una fístula postraumática tras una herida penetrante entre la arteria maxilar interna izquierda y la vena yugular externa. A través de este caso clínico y la revisión de la literatura se ilustran las causas, manifestaciones, estudio radiológico y tratamiento de una fístula postraumática entre la arteria maxilar interna y la vena yugular externa. A través de este caso clínico se demuestra la utilidad de los procedimientos endovasculares en el tratamiento de estas complicaciones.Traumatic arteriovenous fistulas of the head and neck region are uncommon. The majority are due to penetration of blunt injury. We describe a successful endovascular treatment of a posttraumatic fistula between the left maxillary artery and the external jugular vein due to a penetration injury. This case and a review of the literature illustrate the causes, manifestations, image studies and treatment for a posttraumatic fistula between the maxillary artery and the external jugular vein. This case demonstrate the utility of endovascular treatment of head and neck injuries complications.

R. Sánchez

2010-06-01

164

Technical and clinical success of infrarenal endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: A 10-year single-center experience  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: The aim of our retrospective study was to review our single-center experience with aortic abdominal aneurysm (AAA) repair retrospectively. Material and methods: From 1995 to 2005, 70 consecutive patients affected by AAA were treated by endovascular stent-graft repair. Mean follow-up was 23.9 months. Follow-up investigations were performed at 6 and 12 months and yearly thereafter. Five different stent-graft designs were compared to each other. Primary technical success (PTS), assisted primary technical success (APTS), primary clinical success (PCS) and secondary clinical success (SCS) were evaluated. Results: All over PTS was achieved in 94.3%, APTS in 97.1%, PCS in 61.4%, APCS in 64.3% and SCS in 70%. There were 3 type I endoleaks, 25 type II endoleaks, 4 type III endoleaks, 8 limb problems, 5 conversions to open surgery, 10 aneurysm sac expansions and 14 device migrations. Patients with newer generation devices showed better results than patients with first generation prosthesis. In addition results were better for grafts with suprarenal fixation (versus infrarenal fixation) and grafts with barbs and hooks (versus grafts without barbs and hooks). Patients with bad anatomic preconditions showed a higher complication rate. Conclusion: Contrary to first generation products, new stent-graft designs show acceptable technical and clinical results in endovascular AAA aneurysm repair. However, this therapy still should be reserved only for patients with significanreserved only for patients with significant comorbities and suitable anatomic conditions

165

Technical and clinical success of infrarenal endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: A 10-year single-center experience  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Objective: The aim of our retrospective study was to review our single-center experience with aortic abdominal aneurysm (AAA) repair retrospectively. Material and methods: From 1995 to 2005, 70 consecutive patients affected by AAA were treated by endovascular stent-graft repair. Mean follow-up was 23.9 months. Follow-up investigations were performed at 6 and 12 months and yearly thereafter. Five different stent-graft designs were compared to each other. Primary technical success (PTS), assisted primary technical success (APTS), primary clinical success (PCS) and secondary clinical success (SCS) were evaluated. Results: All over PTS was achieved in 94.3%, APTS in 97.1%, PCS in 61.4%, APCS in 64.3% and SCS in 70%. There were 3 type I endoleaks, 25 type II endoleaks, 4 type III endoleaks, 8 limb problems, 5 conversions to open surgery, 10 aneurysm sac expansions and 14 device migrations. Patients with newer generation devices showed better results than patients with first generation prosthesis. In addition results were better for grafts with suprarenal fixation (versus infrarenal fixation) and grafts with barbs and hooks (versus grafts without barbs and hooks). Patients with bad anatomic preconditions showed a higher complication rate. Conclusion: Contrary to first generation products, new stent-graft designs show acceptable technical and clinical results in endovascular AAA aneurysm repair. However, this therapy still should be reserved only for patients with significant comorbities and suitable anatomic conditions.

Steingruber, I.E. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)]. E-mail: iris.steingruber@uibk.ac.at; Neuhauser, B. [Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Seiler, R. [Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Greiner, A. [Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Chemelli, A. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Kopf, H. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Walch, C. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Waldenberger, P. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Jaschke, W. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria); Czermak, B. [Department of Radiology, University Hospital Innsbruck, Anichstr. 35, A-6020 Innsbruck (Austria)

2006-09-15

166

Secondary aortoduodenal fistula following endovascular repair of inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm due to Streptococcus anginosus infection: A case report and literature review?  

Science.gov (United States)

INTRODUCTION Aortoenteric fistula is a rare but very serious complication of both surgical and endovascular abdominal aortic reconstruction. Since the advent of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR), 20 cases of aortoduodenal fistula associated with aortic stent grafts have been reported.1 However, only a handful has been reported following inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. It most commonly presents with bleeding, usually from the upper gastro-intestinal tract. With recent advances in the screening, diagnosis and management of abdominal aortic aneurysms either surgically or through an endovascular approach, the diagnosis of an aortoduodenal fistula in patients with gastro-intestinal bleeding must be suspected and excluded. PRESENTATION OF CASE We describe a case of secondary aortoduodenal fistula that occurred two and a half years following endovascular stent graft repair of an inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm. We also outline the emergency correction plan and the attempts at repair. DISCUSSION This case defies the general concept that patients with inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysms are relatively immune to rupture. Although the presence of a peri-aneurysm thick inflammatory membrane decreases the possibility of rupture, these patients are more susceptible to other related complications such as aorto-enteric and aorto-caval fistulas.2 This case also demonstrates the peculiar presence of Streptococcus anginosus as the pathological organism leading to graft infection and subsequent fistula, as opposed to enterococci which are often found in endograft infection. CONCLUSION Aorto-enteric fistulas are associated with a grave prognosis. Early diagnosis is crucial and extra vigilance should be taken in cases of inflammatory AAA. PMID:25201477

Zaki, M.; Tawfick, W.; Alawy, M.; ElKassaby, M.; Hynes, N.; Sultan, S.

2014-01-01

167

Endoleakage after endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms: diagnosis, significance and treatment  

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Endoleak, also called leakage, leak and Perigraft leak, is a major complication and its persistence represents a failure of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. Its detection and treatment is therefore of primary importance, since endoleak can be associated with pressurization (increase in pressure) of the sac, resulting in expansion and rupture of the aneurysm. The aim of this paper is to discuss the definition, significance, diagnosis and different options to treat endoleak. (orig.)

Golzarian, Jafar [University of Iowa, University of Iowa Heath Care, IA (United States); Valenti, David [McGill University, Royal Victoria Hospital, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal (Canada)

2006-12-15

168

[Mid- and long-term outcome of endovascular aneurysm repair in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm].  

Science.gov (United States)

In Japan, endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) came into use later than in the USA. The Zenith AAA endovascular graft finally received regulatory approval in July 2006. Now, four systems, the Zenith, the Excluder, the Powerlink system, and Endurant stent graft have been approved for insurance reimbursement. The advantages of EVAR are that is a less-invasive procedure, involves little blood loss, and requires only a short time in surgery and short hospital stay. EVAR is indicated for older patients and those in poor general condition. On the other hand, the disadvantages of EVAR are anatomic restrictions and a higher reintervention rate than that after open surgery. Therefore, careful follow-up is required. The mid- and long-term results following the introduction of stent grafts in Japan are generally good compared with the outcome data reported in the European and US literature. The stent graft procedure spread safely following the introduction of new medical materials. Several studies showed the benefit of EVAR in reducing procedure-related mortality and morbidity rates after open aneurysm repair. The current good results of EVAR have shifted the choice toward the endovascular option. With the development of new devices and skillful techniques, the indications for EVAR will broaden. This review reports the mid- and long-term outcomes of EVAR and reviews the literature. PMID:24749325

Komori, Kimihiro

2014-03-01

169

Percutaneous Transabdominal Approach for the Treatment of Endoleaks after Endovascular Repair of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical feasibility and clinical efficacy of percutaneous transabdominal treatment of endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair. Between 2000 and 2007, six patients with type I (n = 4) or II (n = 2) endoleaks were treated by the percutaneous transabdominal approach using embolization with N-butyl cyanoacrylate with or without coils. Five patients underwent a single session and one patient had two sessions of embolization. The median time between aneurysm repair and endoleak treatment was 25.5 months (range: 0-84 months). Follow-up CT images were evaluated for changes in the size and shape of the aneurysm sac and presence or resolution of endoleaks. The median follow-up after endoleak treatment was 16.4 months (range: 0-37 months). Technical success was achieved in all six patients. Clinical success was achieved in four patients with complete resolution of the endoleak confirmed by follow-up CT. Clinical failure was observed in two patients. One eventually underwent surgical conversion, and the other was lost to follow-up. There were no procedure-related complications. The percutaneous transabdominal approach for the treatment of type I or II endoleaks, after endovascular aneurysm repair, is an alternative method when conventional endovascular methods have failed.

Choi, Sun Young; Lee, Do Yun; Lee, Kwang Hun [Severance Hospital, University of Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Won, Jong Yun [Gangnam Severance Hospital, University of Yonsei, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Choi, Dong Hoon; Shim, Won Heum [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

2010-02-15

170

Percutaneous Transabdominal Approach for the Treatment of Endoleaks after Endovascular Repair of Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical feasibility and clinical efficacy of percutaneous transabdominal treatment of endoleaks after endovascular aneurysm repair. Between 2000 and 2007, six patients with type I (n = 4) or II (n = 2) endoleaks were treated by the percutaneous transabdominal approach using embolization with N-butyl cyanoacrylate with or without coils. Five patients underwent a single session and one patient had two sessions of embolization. The median time between aneurysm repair and endoleak treatment was 25.5 months (range: 0-84 months). Follow-up CT images were evaluated for changes in the size and shape of the aneurysm sac and presence or resolution of endoleaks. The median follow-up after endoleak treatment was 16.4 months (range: 0-37 months). Technical success was achieved in all six patients. Clinical success was achieved in four patients with complete resolution of the endoleak confirmed by follow-up CT. Clinical failure was observed in two patients. One eventually underwent surgical conversion, and the other was lost to follow-up. There were no procedure-related complications. The percutaneous transabdominal approach for the treatment of type I or II endoleaks, after endovascular aneurysm repair, is an alternative method when conventional endovascular methods have failed

171

Lessons learnt from the EUROSTAR registry on endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Objective: The EUROSTAR project is a multicentred database of the outcome of endovascular repair of infra-renal aortic aneurysms. To date 92 European centres of vascular surgery have contributed. The purpose of the article here is to review the medium term (up to 4 years) results of endovascular aneurysm repair as reported to Eurostar. Patients and methods: Patients intended for endovascular aneurysm repair were notified to the EUROSTAR Data Registry Centre before treatment in order to eliminate bias due to selective reporting. The following data was collected on all patients: (1) their demographic details and the anatomical characteristics of their aneurysms, (2) details of the endovascular device used, (3) procedural complications and the immediate outcome, (4) results of contrast enhanced CT imaging at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months after operation and at yearly intervals thereafter, (5) all adverse events. Life table analysis was performed to determine the cumulative rates of: (1) death from all causes, (2) secondary intervention. Risk factors for rupture and late conversion were identified by regression analysis. Results: By July 2000, 2862 patients had been registered and their median duration of follow-up was 12 mo (range 0-72). Successful deployment was achieved in 2812 patients with a perioperative (30 day) mortality of 2.9%. In 2464 patients enrolled by March 2000 late rupture of the aneurysm occurred in 14 patients for an annual cumulative rate of 1%. The significant factors were proximal type I endoleak (P=0.001), midgraft (type III) endoleak (P=0.001), graft migration (P=0.001) and post-operative kinking of the endograft (P=0.001). Forty-one patients had late conversion to open repair for an annual cumulative rate (risk) of approximately 2.1%. Risk factors (indications) for late conversion were: proximal type I endoleak (P=0.001), midgraft (type III) endoleak (P=0.001), type II endoleak (P=0.003), graft migration (P=0.001), graft kinking (P=0.001) and distal type I endoleak (P=0.001). Conclusions: Endovascular repair of infra-renal aortic aneurysms using the first and second-generation devices that predominated in this study was associated with a risk of late failure of 3% per year, based upon an analysis of observed primary endpoints of rupture and conversion. Eurostar continues to provide responsible evaluation of the technique for the benefit of both physicians and the industry.

Vallabhaneni, S. Rao E-mail: fempop@hotmail.com; Harris, P.L. E-mail: findplh@hotmail.com

2001-07-01

172

Lessons learnt from the EUROSTAR registry on endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: The EUROSTAR project is a multicentred database of the outcome of endovascular repair of infra-renal aortic aneurysms. To date 92 European centres of vascular surgery have contributed. The purpose of the article here is to review the medium term (up to 4 years) results of endovascular aneurysm repair as reported to Eurostar. Patients and methods: Patients intended for endovascular aneurysm repair were notified to the EUROSTAR Data Registry Centre before treatment in order to eliminate bias due to selective reporting. The following data was collected on all patients: (1) their demographic details and the anatomical characteristics of their aneurysms, (2) details of the endovascular device used, (3) procedural complications and the immediate outcome, (4) results of contrast enhanced CT imaging at 3, 6, 12 and 18 months after operation and at yearly intervals thereafter, (5) all adverse events. Life table analysis was performed to determine the cumulative rates of: (1) death from all causes, (2) secondary intervention. Risk factors for rupture and late conversion were identified by regression analysis. Results: By July 2000, 2862 patients had been registered and their median duration of follow-up was 12 mo (range 0-72). Successful deployment was achieved in 2812 patients with a perioperative (30 day) mortality of 2.9%. In 2464 patients enrolled by March 2000 late rupture of the aneurysm occurred in 14 patients for an annual cumulative rate of 1%. The significant factors were proximal type I endoleak (P=0.001), midgraft (type III) endoleak (P=0.001), graft migration (P=0.001) and post-operative kinking of the endograft (P=0.001). Forty-one patients had late conversion to open repair for an annual cumulative rate (risk) of approximately 2.1%. Risk factors (indications) for late conversion were: proximal type I endoleak (P=0.001), midgraft (type III) endoleak (P=0.001), type II endoleak (P=0.003), graft migration (P=0.001), graft kinking (P=0.001) and distal type I endoleak (P=0.001). Conclusions: Endovascular repair of infra-renal aortic aneurysms using the first and second-generation devices that predominated in this study was associated with a risk of late failure of 3% per year, based upon an analysis of observed primary endpoints of rupture and conversion. Eurostar continues to provide responsible evaluation of the technique for the benefit of both physicians and the industry

173

A prospective clinical, economic, and quality-of-life analysis comparing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR), open repair, and best medical treatment in high-risk patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms suitable for EVAR: the Irish patient trial.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

To report the results of a trial comparing endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) to open repair (OR) and best medical therapy (BMT) involving high-risk patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) suitable for EVAR.

Hynes, Niamh

2007-12-01

174

Tratamiento endovascular exitoso del síndrome de cascanueces con stent autoexpandible / Successful endovascular treatment of nutcracker's syndrome with self-expanding stent  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El síndrome de cascanueces (nutcracker's syndrome) se produce por compresión de la vena renal izquierda a su paso por la horquilla vascular, formada por la aorta y la arteria mesentérica superior, causando una compresión extrínseca que genera estenosis funcional de la misma. Esto produce congestión [...] e hipertensión de la vena renal izquierda que se traduce en insuficiencia y várices de la vena gonadal izquierda, hematuria unilateral y dolor lumbar izquierdo, el diagnóstico pocas veces se realiza, por su baja frecuencia y por la falta de sospecha clínica. El tratamiento del síndrome de cascanueces incluye el autotransplante renal, trasposición de arteria mesentérica superior, revascularización y más recientemente, la colocación de stent en la vena renal. Presentamos el caso de un paciente que fue sometido a tratamiento endovascular exitoso con un stent autoexpandible en la vena renal izquierda, con criterios inmediatos de éxito por angiografía, reducción de la congestión venosa y por desaparición del gradiente cavo/renal. Abstract in english Nutcracker's syndrome is caused by compression of the left renal vein between aorta and superior mesenteric artery, causing extrinsic compression generated functional stenosis. This causes congestion and hypertension of the left renal vein resulting in insufficiency and left gonadal vein varicose, u [...] nilateral hematuria and left flank pain, diagnosis is rarely identified by their low frequency and difficulty of suspecting, treatment of nutcracker's syndrome include renal autotransplantation, transposition of superior mesenteric artery revascularization and recently stenting in renal vein, we present the case of a patient, who showed this pathology by diagnostic support by image studies, was performed successfully implant a self-expanding stent with immediate success criteria by angiography, collateral reduction and by disappearance of cava/renal gradient.

Marco Antonio, Alcocer-Gamba; Jorge A., Martínez-Chávez; Mónica, Alcántara-Razo; Guering, Eid-Lidt; Leslie M., Lugo-Gavidia; Enrique, García-Hernández; Aquiles, Montalvo-Ramos; Ivonne A., Torres-Quiroz; Arturo, Velázquez-Verduzco.

2012-12-01

175

Tratamiento endovascular exitoso del síndrome de cascanueces con stent autoexpandible / Successful endovascular treatment of nutcracker's syndrome with self-expanding stent  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El síndrome de cascanueces (nutcracker's syndrome) se produce por compresión de la vena renal izquierda a su paso por la horquilla vascular, formada por la aorta y la arteria mesentérica superior, causando una compresión extrínseca que genera estenosis funcional de la misma. Esto produce congestión [...] e hipertensión de la vena renal izquierda que se traduce en insuficiencia y várices de la vena gonadal izquierda, hematuria unilateral y dolor lumbar izquierdo, el diagnóstico pocas veces se realiza, por su baja frecuencia y por la falta de sospecha clínica. El tratamiento del síndrome de cascanueces incluye el autotransplante renal, trasposición de arteria mesentérica superior, revascularización y más recientemente, la colocación de stent en la vena renal. Presentamos el caso de un paciente que fue sometido a tratamiento endovascular exitoso con un stent autoexpandible en la vena renal izquierda, con criterios inmediatos de éxito por angiografía, reducción de la congestión venosa y por desaparición del gradiente cavo/renal. Abstract in english Nutcracker's syndrome is caused by compression of the left renal vein between aorta and superior mesenteric artery, causing extrinsic compression generated functional stenosis. This causes congestion and hypertension of the left renal vein resulting in insufficiency and left gonadal vein varicose, u [...] nilateral hematuria and left flank pain, diagnosis is rarely identified by their low frequency and difficulty of suspecting, treatment of nutcracker's syndrome include renal autotransplantation, transposition of superior mesenteric artery revascularization and recently stenting in renal vein, we present the case of a patient, who showed this pathology by diagnostic support by image studies, was performed successfully implant a self-expanding stent with immediate success criteria by angiography, collateral reduction and by disappearance of cava/renal gradient.

Marco Antonio, Alcocer-Gamba; Jorge A., Martínez-Chávez; Mónica, Alcántara-Razo; Guering, Eid-Lidt; Leslie M., Lugo-Gavidia; Enrique, García-Hernández; Aquiles, Montalvo-Ramos; Ivonne A., Torres-Quiroz; Arturo, Velázquez-Verduzco.

176

TRATAMIENTO ENDOVASCULAR DE LA COARTACIÓN AÓRTICA NATIVA Y RECURRENTE EN PACIENTES MAYORES DE 4 AÑOS: RESULTADOS Y COMPLICACIONES / ENDOVASCULAR REPAIR OF NATIVE AND RECURRENT AORTIC COARCTATION IN PATIENTS OLDER THAN 4 YEARS OF AGE  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Objetivos: Reportar nuestra experiencia en el tratamiento endovascular de la Coartación Aórtica (CoAo). Métodos: Se revisaron los registros clínicos de los pacientes mayores de 4 años intervenidos por una CoAo nativa o recoartación en el Hospital Clínico de la Universidad Católica entre los años 200 [...] 7 y 2012. Se realizaron estadísticas descriptivas y se utilizó el test de Wilcoxon signed rank, con una p Abstract in english Aim: There is an increasing interest in the endovascular therapy of both native and recurrent aortic coarcta-tion (Aco). In this article we report the results of endo-vascular treatment of ACo in children and adults at our institution, from 2007 to 2012. Method and Results: The clinical, angiographi [...] c and hemodynamic data of all patients submitted to endovascular repair of ACo at the Endovascular Therapy Center of the Catholic University Hospital were reviewed. Children under 4 years of age were excluded. A total of 27 subjects were included. Mean age was 20.6 years (range 5-64); 30% were females and 30% were under 14 years of age. 15 patients had associated congenital defects: bicuspid aortic valve ( 9), VSD (3), or both VSD and bicuspid aortic valve (3). Hypertension was present in 33% of patients. 74% had endovas-cular repair of a native Aco and 26% of a re-coarctation (2 of them post surgical treatment and 5 post endovas-cular repair). 85% of cases had stent implantation. Repair resulted in a significant (p

Martín, Valdebenito; Alejandro, Martínez; Gonzalo, Martínez; Nicolás, Veas; Dante, Lindefjeld; Francisco, Garay; Felipe, Heusser; Daniel, Springmüller; Alejandro, Fajuri; Alejandra, Flores; Francisco, Vergara.

177

Correlation between intrasac pressure measurements of a pressure sensor and an angiographic catheter during endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available PURPOSE: To establish a correlation between intrasac pressure measurements of a pressure sensor and an angiographic catheter placed in the same aneurysm sac before and after its exclusion by an endoprosthesis. METHODS: Patients who underwent endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and received an EndoSureTM wireless pressure sensor implant between March 19 and December 11, 2004 were enrolled in the study. Simultaneous readings of systolic, diastolic, mean, and pulse pressure within the aneurysm sac were obtained from the catheter and the sensor, both before and after sac exclusion by the endoprosthesis (Readings 1 and 2, respectively. Intrasac pressure measurements were compared using Pearson's correlation and Student's t test. Statistical significance was set at p0.05, mean (p>0.05, and pulse (p0.05 by the sensor. CONCLUSION: The excellent agreement between intrasac pressure readings recorded by the catheter and the sensor justifies use of the latter for detection of post-exclusion abdominal aortic aneurysm pressurization.

Pierre Galvagni Silveira

2008-01-01

178

Graft Distortion After Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Association with Sac Morphology and Mid-Term Complications  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To investigate the incidence, significance, and mechanism of stent-graft distortion after endovascular repair (EVR) of abdominal aortic aneurysm.Methods: EVR of abdominal aortic aneurysm was performed in 51 cases (49 modular, bifurcated; 2 tube). Thirty-two patients were followed for 6 or more months and had equivalent baseline and follow-up images which could be used to determine changes in graft configuration. Sac dimensions were measured using computed tomographic (CT) images and graft-related complications were recorded.Results: Amongst 32 patients evaluated on follow-up, there was graft distortion in 24. Distorted grafts were significantly (p= 0.002) associated with sac diameter reduction (mean 5 mm) and sac length reduction (mean 8.1 mm). All graft-related complications occurred in the limbs of eight distorted grafts, with a mean reduction of sac length in this group of 7.8 mm on reformatted CT images.Conclusion: There was a highly significant association between graft distortion and limb complications, and reduced sac dimensions

179

Transrenal E-XL stenting to resolve or prevent type Ia endoleak in the case of severe neck angulation during endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

During endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair, a severely angulated neck can make proximal sealing of endografts challenging, and the occurrence of a type Ia endoleak can complicate the procedure. We describe an original adjunctive procedure involving transrenal placement of a self-expanding nitinol stent (E-XL aortic stent; Jotec GmbH, Hechingen, Germany) to remodel the proximal aortic neck and treat or prevent type Ia endoleaks in the case of severe angulation of the proximal neck. PMID:23375602

Chisci, Emiliano; Ventoruzzo, Giorgio; Alamanni, Neri; Bellandi, Guido; Michelagnoli, Stefano

2013-05-01

180

Endograft conformability and aortoiliac tortuosity in endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

Purpose : To determine conformability of stent-grafts in endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) using centerline of flow measurements and to compare conformability in patients with severe aortoiliac tortuosity. Methods : From 2012 to 2013, 111 consecutive patients (98 men; mean age 75.4±7.7 years) underwent endovascular aneurysm repair with Endurant I and II and Zenith Flex, LP, and Spiral Z stent-grafts; their pre- and post-EVAR computed tomography (CT) studies were retrospectively analyzed using quantitative 3-dimensional imaging software. The length between the lowest renal artery and the iliac bifurcation was measured using centerline of flow and was defined as the treatment length (TL). The difference in TLs pre and post EVAR were compared as a surrogate to evaluate endograft conformability. Results : A total of 203 pre and post EVAR aortoiliac TLs were measured (99 Endurant I, 20 Endurant II, 32 Flex, 6 LP, and 42 Spiral Z). Overall, there was a mean difference of 5.0±7.3 mm or 2.6%±3.9% between the pre- and post-EVAR TLs (p<0.001). No statistically significant difference in TLs was observed among the various stent-grafts (p=0.115). In 40 patients with severe aortoiliac tortuosity, the post-EVAR TL was 16.2±5.5 mm or 8.0%±2.7% shorter than the pre-EVAR TL (p<0.001); again, there was no difference in TLs among the various devices implanted (p=0.737). Conclusion : Overall, there was no difference in treatment lengths before and after EVAR among different stent-grafts, suggesting similar conformability. Interestingly, patients with severe aortoiliac tortuosity were found to have significantly shorter post-EVAR treatment lengths compared to before EVAR, which should be considered when planning EVAR. PMID:25290803

Lee, Kevin; Leci, Erik; Forbes, Thomas; Dubois, Luc; DeRose, Guy; Power, Adam

2014-10-01

 
 
 
 
181

Ligadura videolaparoscópica da artéria mesentérica inferior como tratamento de endoleak persistente após correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal / Videolaparoscopic ligation of inferior mesenteric artery as a treatment of persistent endoleak after endoluminal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese [...] Abstract in english Videolaparoscopy has been widely used in the treatment of pathologies as cholelithiasis, appendicitis and adrenal tumor. Nowadays, has also been used to treat type II endoleaks after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms. The goal of this work is to report one case of inferior mesenteric [...] artery endoleak treated by videolaparoscopy.

Gaudencio, Espinosa; Delta, Madureira; Warley Dias Siqueira, Mendes.

182

Recognition and management of the complications relative to the access arteries in endovascular exclusion for abdominal aortic aneurysms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To assess our experiences of recognition and management of the complications relative to the access arteries in endovascular exclusion (EVE) for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Methods: 136 patients with AAA underwent EVE between March 1997 and October 2002. The main complications relative to the access arteries were poor access artery (including small diameter, tortuosity, stenosis and occlusion), long-time blocking of the access arteries, destruction and rupture of the access arteries. Various techniques, including through the iliac artery access, guidewire stretch technique, balloon dilatation, aorto-uniiliac graft, partial blocking of the access arteries and repair or reconstruction of the access arteries, were applied according to the different situation. Results: The EVE procedure was technically successful in all 41 cases with poor access arteries. The method of partial blocking of the access arteries was used on 123 cases without any lower limb ischemic complications. Two patients died from the complications relative to the access arteries. Conclusions: Careful assessment of the access arteries preoperatively and proper management are helpful to recognize and overcome the complications relative to the access arteries

183

Abdominal aorta morphometric study for endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms: comparison between spiral CT and angiography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To compare the computed tomography and angiography study of abdominal aortic aneurysms for posterior endograft implant. Method: From June 1997 to March 2001, 113 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm were submitted to study of the aorto-iliac axis with abdominal spiral computed tomography and angiography with calibrated catheter. The patient's ages ranged from 51 and 88 years (mean: 69). There were 104 males and nine females. Results: When comparing the mean computed tomography and angiography diameters, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the infra-renal neck (p0.05). When comparing the mean lengths, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the aortic infra-renal neck (p<0.05), for the distance between the renal artery and the aortic bifurcation (p<0.05) and for the common iliac artery lengths (p<0.05). There was also a statistical difference for the length between the renal artery and the internal iliac artery (p<0.05). Conclusions: In the AAA pre-procedure imaging study there were statistical differences between the computed tomography and angiographic measurement studies. We believe that computed tomography is a superior method for the evaluation of diameters and the angiography with a calibrated catheter for the length evaluation. We conclude, that both methods are complementary and must be und methods are complementary and must be undertaken for accurate evaluation of all candidates for aortic endograft implant. (author)

184

Abdominal aorta morphometric study for endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms: comparison between spiral CT and angiography  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available PURPOSE: To compare the computed tomography and angiography study of abdominal aortic aneurysms for posterior endograft implant. METHOD: From June 1997 to March 2001, 113 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm were submitted to study of the aorto-iliac axis with abdominal spiral computed tomography and angiography with calibrated catheter. The patient's ages ranged from 51 and 88 years (mean: 69. There were 104 males and nine females. RESULTS: When comparing the mean computed tomography and angiography diameters, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the infra-renal neck (p0.05. When comparing the mean lengths, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the aortic infra-renal neck (p<0.05, for the distance between the renal artery and the aortic bifurcation (p<0.05 and for the common iliac artery lengths (p<0.05. There was also a statistical difference for the length between the renal artery and the internal iliac artery (p<0.05. CONCLUSIONS: In the AAA pre-procedure imaging study there were statistical differences between the computed tomography and angiographic measurement studies. We believe that computed tomography is a superior method for the evaluation of diameters and the angiography with a calibrated catheter for the length evaluation. We conclude, that both methods are complementary and must be undertaken for accurate evaluation of all candidates for aortic endograft implant.

Espinosa Gaudencio

2002-01-01

185

Multislice CT Angiography of Fenestrated Endovascular Stent Grafting for Treating Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: a Pictorial Review of the 2D/3D Visualizations  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Fenestrated endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm has been developed to treat patients with a short or complicated aneurysm neck. Fenestration involves creating an opening in the graft fabric to accommodate the orifice of the vessel that is targeted for preservation. Fixation of the fenestration to the renal arteries and the other visceral arteries can be done by implanting bare or covered stents across the graft-artery ostia interfaces so that a portion of the stent protrudes into the aortic lumen. Accurate alignment of the targeted vessels in a longitudinal aspect is hard to achieve during stent deployment because rotation of the stent graft may take place during delivery from the sheath. Understanding the 3D relationship of the aortic branches and the fenestrated vessel stents following fenestration will aid endovascular specialists to evaluate how the stent graft is situated within the aorta after placement of fenestrations. The aim of this article is to provide the 2D and 3D imaging appearances of the fenestrated endovascular grafts that were implanted in a group of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms, based on the multislice CT angiography. The potential applications of each visualization technique were explored and compared with the 2D axial images

Sun, Zhonghua [Curtin University, Perth (Australia); Mwipatayi, Bibombe P [Royal Perth Hospital, Perth (Australia); Allen, Yvonne B; Hartley, David E [Cook R and D, Perth (Australia); Lawrence-Brown, Michael M [Curtin University of Technology, Perth (Australia)

2009-06-15

186

Multislice CT Angiography of Fenestrated Endovascular Stent Grafting for Treating Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: a Pictorial Review of the 2D/3D Visualizations  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Fenestrated endovascular repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm has been developed to treat patients with a short or complicated aneurysm neck. Fenestration involves creating an opening in the graft fabric to accommodate the orifice of the vessel that is targeted for preservation. Fixation of the fenestration to the renal arteries and the other visceral arteries can be done by implanting bare or covered stents across the graft-artery ostia interfaces so that a portion of the stent protrudes into the aortic lumen. Accurate alignment of the targeted vessels in a longitudinal aspect is hard to achieve during stent deployment because rotation of the stent graft may take place during delivery from the sheath. Understanding the 3D relationship of the aortic branches and the fenestrated vessel stents following fenestration will aid endovascular specialists to evaluate how the stent graft is situated within the aorta after placement of fenestrations. The aim of this article is to provide the 2D and 3D imaging appearances of the fenestrated endovascular grafts that were implanted in a group of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms, based on the multislice CT angiography. The potential applications of each visualization technique were explored and compared with the 2D axial images

187

Mortalidade relacionada ao tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal com o uso dos modelos revisados / Procedure-related mortality of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair using revised reporting standards  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese OBJETIVO: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a definição da mortalidade relacionada ao procedimento após tratamento endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal (EVAR) como definido pelo Committee for Standardized Reporting Practices in Vascular Surgery. MÉTODO: Dados de pacientes com aneurisma de aor [...] ta abdominal foram analisados do banco de dados EUROSTAR. Os pacientes foram submetidos ao EVAR entre junho de 1996 a fevereiro de 2004 e foram estudados retrospectivamente. A probabilidade explicita da causa de morte foi registrada. O intervalo entre a operação, alta hospitalar ou intervenção secundária até a morte foi registrado. RESULTADOS: De um total de 5612 pacientes, 589 (10,5%) faleceram após o EVAR em acompanhamento total e qualquer causa de morte foi inclusa. Cento e quarenta e um pacientes (12,5%) morreram devido a causa relacionada ao aneurisma, sendo que 28 (4,8%) foram rupturas, 25 (4,2%) infecções do implante e 88 (14,9%) foram pacientes que morreram num prazo de 30 dias após o procedimento inicial (definição atualmente utilizada, também conhecido como resultado clínico a curto prazo). Além disso, 25 pacientes faleceram após 30 dias, mas continuavam ainda hospitalizados (ou transferidos a home-care para reavaliação posterior, ou necessitaram intervenção secundária). Levando em conta a duração da admissão ao hospital e a mortalidade imediata após o procedimento relacionada a intervenções secundárias, 49 mortes tardias também podem ser relacionadas ao EVAR. CONCLUSÃO: Morte tardia compõe uma proporção considerável da mortalidade relacionada ao EVAR dentro do tempo de análise revisado. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the definition of Procedure-related mortality after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) as defined by the Committee for Standardized Reporting Practices in Vascular Surgery. METHODS: Data on patients with an AAA were taken from the EUROSTAR database. [...] The patients underwent EVAR between June 1996 and February 2004 and were analyzed retrospectively. Explicit probability of cause of death was recorded. The time interval from operation, hospital discharge or second interventions till death was recorded. RESULTS: A total of 589 out of 5612 patients (10.5%) died after EVAR in total follow up and all causes of death were included. 141 (2.5%) patients died due to aneurysms reported after the EVAR procedure of which 28 (4.8%) were ruptures, 25 (4.2%) graft-infections and 88 (14.9%) patients who died within 30 days after the initial procedure (present definition, also known as short term clinical outcome). In addition 25 patients died after 30 days, but were then (at moment of death) still in the hospital, or were transferred to a nursing home for further re-evaluation, or needed second interventions. Taking into account the duration of hospitalization and mortality immediately after procedure-related second interventions, 49 delayed deaths might also be regarded as being EVAR procedure-related. CONCLUSION: Delayed deaths are a considerable proportion of procedure-related deaths after EVAR within the revised time frame.

Gosen Gabriel, Konig; S.R., Vallabhneni; Corinne J. Van, Marrewijk; Lina J., Leurs; Robert J.F., Laheij; Jacob, Buth.

188

Mortalidade relacionada ao tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal com o uso dos modelos revisados Procedure-related mortality of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair using revised reporting standards  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available OBJETIVO: O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a definição da mortalidade relacionada ao procedimento após tratamento endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal (EVAR como definido pelo Committee for Standardized Reporting Practices in Vascular Surgery. MÉTODO: Dados de pacientes com aneurisma de aorta abdominal foram analisados do banco de dados EUROSTAR. Os pacientes foram submetidos ao EVAR entre junho de 1996 a fevereiro de 2004 e foram estudados retrospectivamente. A probabilidade explicita da causa de morte foi registrada. O intervalo entre a operação, alta hospitalar ou intervenção secundária até a morte foi registrado. RESULTADOS: De um total de 5612 pacientes, 589 (10,5% faleceram após o EVAR em acompanhamento total e qualquer causa de morte foi inclusa. Cento e quarenta e um pacientes (12,5% morreram devido a causa relacionada ao aneurisma, sendo que 28 (4,8% foram rupturas, 25 (4,2% infecções do implante e 88 (14,9% foram pacientes que morreram num prazo de 30 dias após o procedimento inicial (definição atualmente utilizada, também conhecido como resultado clínico a curto prazo. Além disso, 25 pacientes faleceram após 30 dias, mas continuavam ainda hospitalizados (ou transferidos a home-care para reavaliação posterior, ou necessitaram intervenção secundária. Levando em conta a duração da admissão ao hospital e a mortalidade imediata após o procedimento relacionada a intervenções secundárias, 49 mortes tardias também podem ser relacionadas ao EVAR. CONCLUSÃO: Morte tardia compõe uma proporção considerável da mortalidade relacionada ao EVAR dentro do tempo de análise revisado.OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the definition of Procedure-related mortality after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR as defined by the Committee for Standardized Reporting Practices in Vascular Surgery. METHODS: Data on patients with an AAA were taken from the EUROSTAR database. The patients underwent EVAR between June 1996 and February 2004 and were analyzed retrospectively. Explicit probability of cause of death was recorded. The time interval from operation, hospital discharge or second interventions till death was recorded. RESULTS: A total of 589 out of 5612 patients (10.5% died after EVAR in total follow up and all causes of death were included. 141 (2.5% patients died due to aneurysms reported after the EVAR procedure of which 28 (4.8% were ruptures, 25 (4.2% graft-infections and 88 (14.9% patients who died within 30 days after the initial procedure (present definition, also known as short term clinical outcome. In addition 25 patients died after 30 days, but were then (at moment of death still in the hospital, or were transferred to a nursing home for further re-evaluation, or needed second interventions. Taking into account the duration of hospitalization and mortality immediately after procedure-related second interventions, 49 delayed deaths might also be regarded as being EVAR procedure-related. CONCLUSION: Delayed deaths are a considerable proportion of procedure-related deaths after EVAR within the revised time frame.

Gosen Gabriel Konig

2007-03-01

189

Intraoperative DynaCT Detection and Immediate Correction of a Type 1a Endoleak Following Endovascular Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Reintervention following endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is required in up to 10% of patients at 30 days and is associated with a demonstrable risk of increased mortality. Completion angiography cannot detect all graft-related anomalies and computed tomographic angiography is therefore mandatory to ensure clinical success. Intraoperative angiographic computed tomography (DynaCT; Siemens, Germany) utilizes cone beam reconstruction software and flat-panel detectors to generate CT-like images from rotational angiographic acquisitions. We report the intraoperative use of this novel technology in detecting and immediately treating a proximal anterior type Ia endoleak, following an endovascular abdominal aortic repair, which was not seen on completion angiography. Immediate evaluation of cross-sectional imaging following endograft deployment may allow for on-table correction of clinically significant stent-related complications. This should both improve technical success and minimize the need for early secondary intervention following EVAR.

190

Chronic Contained Rupture of an Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: From Diagnosis to Endovascular Resolution  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

A male patient, 69 years old, presented with fever, leucocytosis, and persistent low back pain; he also had an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), as previously diagnosed by Doppler UltraSound (US), and was admitted to our hospital. On multislice computed tomography (msCT), a large abdominal mass having no definite border and involving the aorta and both of the psoas muscles was seen. This mass involved the forth-lumbar vertebra with lysis, thus simulating AAA rupture into a paraspinal collection; it was initially considered a paraspinal abscess. After magnetic resonance imaging examination and culture of the fluid aspirated from the mass, no infective organisms were found; therefore, a diagnosisof chronically contained AAA rupture was made, and an aortic endoprosthesis was subsequently implanted. The patient was discharged with decreased lumbar pain. At 12-month follow-up, no evidence of leakage was observed. To our knowledge, this is the first case of endoprosthesis implantation in a patient, who was a poor candidate for surgical intervention due to renal failure, leucocytosis and high fever, having a chronically contained AAA ruptured simulatingspodilodiscitis abscess. Appropriate diagnosis and therapy resolved potentially crippling pathology and avoided surgical graft-related complications.

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Abdominal aortic aneurysmal and endovascular device infection with iliopsoas abscess caused by Mycobacterium bovis as a complication of intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin therapy.  

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Vascular complications after the intravesical instillation of Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy are extremely rare. We experienced a case of abdominal aortic aneurysmal infection excluded by a stent graft with an iliopsoas abscess after intravesical instillation of BCG therapy that required reoperation. Five years ago, an 81-year-old man was diagnosed with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. After transurethral resection of the bladder tumor and intravesical BCG therapy, a radical cystectomy was performed. Twenty-four months after intravesical BCG therapy, follow-up an abdominal computed tomographic (CT) scan revealed an aortic abdominal aneurysm. Endovascular aneurysm repair was performed, and the aneurysm was excluded postoperatively. Thirty months after the endovascular aneurysm repair (and 54 months after intravesical BCG therapy), a follow-up abdominal CT revealed a low-density area in the right iliopsoas muscle that formed a fistula to the excluded aneurysm. We performed CT-guided iliopsoas abscess drainage and collected yellow pus. Polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that the pus was positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. The patient was diagnosed with abdominal aortic aneurysmal infection associated with iliopsoas abscess caused by Mycobacterium bovis, and surgery was performed. We performed an extra-anatomical bypass and removed the stent graft with debridement. When the aneurysmal wall was incised and resected, yellow pus surrounded the stent graft. In addition, a large fistula was present between the right posterolateral aortic aneurysmal wall and the iliopsoas abscess cavity. After the operation, the histopathological examination of excised abdominal aortic aneurysmal wall tissue revealed an epithelioid granuloma with caseous necrosis involving multinucleated giant cells, indicating M tuberculosis complex infection. Although the intravesical instillation of BCG therapy is considered safe, complications resulting from vascular infections can arise in extremely rare cases. The complication described in this case report emphasizes the need to cautiously select treatment for a mycotic aortic aneurysm after intravesical instillation of BCG therapy. PMID:23972639

Mizoguchi, Hiroki; Iida, Osamu; Dohi, Tomoharu; Tomoda, Kaname; Kimura, Hayato; Inoue, Kazushige; Iwata, Takashi; Tei, Keikou; Miura, Takuya

2013-11-01

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Clinical and radiological outcome after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: comparison of different grafts. preliminary single-center experience.  

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Endovascular repair (EVAR) represents a useful and validated alternative to conventional surgery in selected patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) because it is associated with a significantly lower long-term AAA-related mortality. Data regarding a series of 91 patients (88 men, 3 women, median age 71 years, range 65-82 years) is reported. The patients were divided into three groups, according to the type of implanted stent (Endurant, Excluder and Talent). High American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status Classification System (ASA) was important in increasing the likelihood of an early complication (p=0.0007), while it did not have any effect on later adverse events, which were more closely related to the size of the aneurysm (p=0.006). As expected, the aneurysm diameter influenced the endoleak incidence (p=0.011), aneurysmal sac expansion (p=0.029), re-intervention risk (p=0.031) and the success of treatment (p=0.006). A significantly lower tendency for the development of endoleak (p=0.035) and other late complications (p=0.048) was observed in patients with Endurant device. This group seems to be more likely destined to achieve therapeutic success, but the difference was not significant. A borderline significance (p=0.071) with regard to early complications was also recorded. However, the use of this type of device did not affect survival, which was exclusively related to ASA (p=0.040). No other statistically significant differences were found between groups. Since open surgery for elective suprarenal AAA repair is still associated with considerable mortality, EVAR may offer several advantages over open repair surgery, including a less invasive operative procedure, and shortened intensive care unit and hospital stay. The technological improvements of the prosthesis for EVAR will likely reduce complications related to this technique in the near future. PMID:24425845

Garbo, Greta; Motta, Raffaella; Bianchera, Giorgio; Zini, Oscar; Spigolon, Luca; Zanon, Antonio; Lumachi, Franco

2014-01-01

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Complete ten-year follow-up after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: Survival and causes of death  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Purpose: To analyze the hazard and causes of death after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) of abdominal aortic aneurysms during a complete ten year follow-up. Methods: This is a retrospective clinical study of 130 consecutive patients undergoing EVAR between 1995 and 1998. One-hundred twenty-one patients (93.1%) were treated with first-generation stentgrafts and nine patients (6.9%) received second-generation devices. All patients completed a follow-up of at least 10 years, unless death occurred before then. Time and causes of death were provided by the Austrian central register of deaths. Results: The median follow-up was 7.6 years, and the 130 patients had 968.5 person-years of follow-up. The ten-year mortality rate was 62.3%. Cardiovascular events were the most frequent causes of death, with a 3.9 incidence rate per 100 person-years. Cancer death and death due to other causes occurred in 2.1 and 1.8 cases per 100 person-years, respectively. Lethal late aneurysm rupture happened in 4.6% (n = 6), which corresponds to an annual incidence rate of 0.6 per 100 person-years. All of those patients had been treated with first-generation devices. Conclusions: Cardiovascular events were the most frequent cause of death after EVAR, followed by malignancy and other diseases. The risk of dying from secondary rupture was clearly lower than that of death due to other reasons during ten years after EVAR, even in patients with first-generation stentgrafts.

194

Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: surveillance of endoleak using maximum transverse diameter of aorta on non-enhanced CT  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background. Repeat volumetric analysis of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) after endovascular AAA repair (EVAR) is time-consuming and requires advanced processing, dedicated equipment, and skilled operators. Purpose. To clarify the validity of measuring the maximal short-axis diameter (Dmax) of AAA in follow-up non-enhanced axial CT as a means of detecting substantial endoleaks after EVAR. Material and Methods. CT images were retrospectively reviewed in 47 patients (7 women, 40 men; mean age, 76.2 years) who had no endoleak on initial contrast-enhanced CT after EVAR. Regular follow-up CT studies were performed every 6 months. At each CT study, the Dmax on the CT axial image was measured and compared with that on the last CT (115 data-sets). Contrast-enhanced CT was regarded as the standard of reference to decide the presence or absence of endoleaks. The appearance of endoleak was defined as the end point of this study. Results. Endoleaks were detected in 17 patients during the follow-up period. Mean Dmax changes for 6 months were significant between positive and negative endoleak cases (1.8 ± 1.9 vs. -1.1 ± 3.0 mm, P < 0.0001). When the Dmax change ? 0 mm for 6 months was used as the threshold for negative endoleak, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 74.5, 82.4, 96.1, and 35.9%, respectively. When Dmax change ?-1 mm was used as the threshold, the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 38.8, 100, 100, and 22.1%, respectively. Conclusion. Contrast-enhanced CT is not required for the evaluation of endoleaks when the Dmax decreases by at least 1 mm over 6 months after EVAR

195

Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography versus computed tomographic angiography in the monitoring of patients after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm - preliminary experience  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Background: Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is routinely used in the monitoring of patients after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm. The aim of the study was to determine if contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) provides equivalent results to CTA in detection of endo-leaks in patients after abdominal aortic stentgraft placement. Material and methods: In a group of 7 patients (6 men and 1 woman; aged 71 ±7 years) after repair procedure, 16 CTA and 16 CEUS follow-up examinations were performed. Second-generation contrast agent (Sonovue) and low-mechanical index technique were used for ultrasonography imaging. Results: Computed tomographic angiography showed seven cases of type I, five cases of type II, and no endo-leaks in four examinations. In 15 out of 16 studies, the results of CEUS were consistent with the results of CTA. In one discrepant study, type II endo-leak was detected with CEUS while CTA was negative. Conclusions: Contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and CTA examinations in patients after endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm provide comparable results. CEUS may be considered an alternative technique to CTA. (authors)

196

Comparison of the usefulness 3D CTA with other methods to estimate morphology of abdominal aortic aneurysm before endovascular aneurysm repair  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of diagnostic methods in the preoperative evaluation of abdominal aortic aneurysm before endovascular treatment. During the period of January 2002-December 2004, 67 patients with AAA (42 diagnosed in the Department of Radiology of the Central Clinical Hospital of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Administration and 25 patients diagnosed the in the Department of Radiology of Medical Academy in Bialystok) underwent ultrasonography, spiral CT with 3D reconstructions (3D CTA), and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) following treatment of aortoiliac aneurysms with endoluminal stentgrafts in 36 and 12 patients, respectively. Our experience suggests that spiral computerized tomographic angiography with three-dimensional reconstruction (3D CTA) is a reliable, relatively noninvasive technique to assess the feasibility of endovascular aneurysm repair. DSA allows verification of the measurements from spiral computed scans, but it is a more invasive method than CTA. However, CTA with 3D reconstruction shows a diagnostic effectiveness similar to that of DSA. Thus it may be sufficient as a preoperative imaging technique when evaluating a patient for an endovascular graft procedure. (author)

197

Early inflammatory response following elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repair: A comparison between endovascular procedure and conventional, open surgery  

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Full Text Available Background/Aim. Abdominal aorta aneurysm (AAA represents a pathological enlargment of infrarenal portion of aorta for over 50% of its lumen. The only treatment of AAA is a surgical reconstruction of the affected segment. Until the late XX century, surgical reconstruction implied explicit, open repair (OR of AAA, which was accompanied by a significant morbidity and mortality of the treated patients. Development of endovascular repair of (EVAR AAA, especially in the last decade, offered another possibility of surgical reconstruction of AAA. The preliminary results of world studies show that complications of such a procedure, as well as morbidity and mortality of patients, are significantly lower than with OR of AAA. The aim of this paper was to present results of comparative clinical prospective study of early inflammatory response after reconstruction of AAA between endovascular and open, conventional surgical technique. Methods. A comparative clinical prospective study included 39 patients, electively operated on for AAA within the period of December 2008 - February 2010, divided into two groups. The group I counted 21 (54% of the patients, 58-87 years old (mean 74.3 years, who had been submited to EVAR by the use of excluder stent graft. The group II consisted of 18 (46% of the patients, 49-82 (mean 66.8 years, operated on using OR technique. All of the treated patients in both groups had AAA larager than 50 mm. The study did not include patients who have been treated as urgent cases, due to the rupture or with simptomatic AAA. Clinical, biochemical and inflamatory parameters in early postoperative period were analyzed, in direct postoperative course (number of leucocytes, thrombocytes, serum circulating levels of cytokine - interleukine (IL-2, IL-4, IL-6 and IL-10. Parameters were monitored on the zero, first, second, third and seventh postoperative days. The study was approved by the Ethics Commitee of the Military Medical Academy. Results. The study showed a statistically significantly shorter time of treatment in the EVAR group (average 90 min compared to the OR group (average 136 min. Also, there was a statistically significantly less blood loss in the patients operated on by the use of EVAR surgery (average 60 mL as compared to the patients treated with OR techinique (average 495 mL, as well as a shorter postoperative hospitalization of patients in the EVAR group (average 4 days compared to the OR group (average 8 days. The OR group was detected with a statistically significant increase of leucocytes and statistically significant fall of the number of thrombocytes in comparison with the EVAR group in all the investigated terms. A significant concentration rise of IL-2 in the OR group and concentration rise of IL-6 in the EVAR group was shown 24 hours after the procedure, whereas on the second postoperative day there was detected a significant fall of IL-6 in the EVAR group. IL-4 concentration in the OR group was significantly higher as of the third postoperative day in comparison to the EVAR group. There was no significant difference in IL-10 concentration between the groups. Conclusion. The EVAR techinique is a safer and less invasive and less traumatic procedure for patients than the OR of AAA. Following the EVAR, there are less inflammatory reactions in the early postoperative periodas compared to the OR and therefore less possibility of the development of systemic inflammatory respons syndrome in patients treated.

Marjanovi? Ivan

2011-01-01

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Transección traumática aguda de la aorta torácica: Tratamiento endovascular Endovascular treatment of acute traumatic rupture of the thoracic aorta: Report of one case  

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Full Text Available Traumatic rupture of the aorta has a near 80% mortality. Most patients die on the site of the accident. Conventional surgical repair of these lesions has a high morbidity and mortality, generally associated to the severity of associated lesions. Over the last decade, endovascular treatment has become an effective therapeutic alternative. We report a 40 years old male, that suffered a traumatic rupture of the descending thoracic aorta in a car accident. A successful endovascular repair was performed, installing an endoprothesis on the site of the lesion, using a femoral artery approach. The patient had a good postoperative evolution and was discharged from the hospital once complete rehabilitation of his associated lesions was obtained (Rev Méd Chile 2003; 131: 309-13.

Nelson Sepúlveda Sch

2003-03-01

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Oclusión intencional de la arteria subclavia izquierda durante el tratamiento endovascular de la aorta torácica descendente / Intentional Occlusion of the Left Subclavian Artery during Endovascular Repair of the Descending Thoracic Aorta  

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Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción La seguridad y la eficacia del tratamiento endovascular de la aorta torácica descendente dependen de ciertas condiciones anatómicas, en particular de la presencia de un segmento sano de aorta (cuello proximal). En una proporción importante de pacientes, este cuello proximal es insuficie [...] nte o inexistente. Un bypass o transposición de la arteria subclavia izquierda permitiría mantener una perfusión adecuada del brazo izquierdo luego del implante de la endoprótesis. Sin embargo, este abordaje quirúrgico no siempre es factible en pacientes inestables, tratados de forma urgente o que presentan múltiples comorbilidades. Objetivo Evaluar las consecuencias clínicas y neurológicas de la oclusión intencional de la arteria subclavia izquierda durante el tratamiento endovascular de la aorta torácica descendente. Material y métodos Entre agosto de 1999 y febrero de 2010, 136 pacientes fueron tratados consecutivamente con implante de endoprótesis autoexpandibles. En 29 pacientes (21%) con ausencia de un cuello proximal adecuado (sector sano de aorta ? 15 mm de longitud) se debió cubrir intencionalmente el origen de la arteria subclavia izquierda. En todos los casos, previo al tratamiento se realizó una angiografía selectiva de la arteria vertebral derecha con el objetivo de confirmar la permeabilidad de ésta y la conformación de la circulación vertebrobasilar. Resultados Se trataron 20 hombres y 9 mujeres, cuya edad media fue de 62 (49-72) años. La patología de base fue disección aórtica tipo B aguda (n = 4), disección aórtica tipo B crónica (n = 14), hematoma intramural (n = 1), aneurisma verdadero (n = 7), úlcera aórtica (n = 1) y seudoaneurisma traumático (n = 2). El implante del dispositivo fue exitoso en todos los pacientes. No se registraron complicaciones clínicas ni neurológicas a 29 (13-50) meses de seguimiento medio. Conclusiones La utilización de criterios de selección estrictos permite la oclusión intencional de la arteria subclavia izquierda durante el tratamiento endovascular de la aorta torácica descendente, sin aumentar la incidencia de complicaciones mayores. Así, la revascularización quirúrgica queda reservada para pacientes con síntomas graves de isquemia durante el seguimiento. Abstract in english Background Safety and efficacy of endovascular repair of the descending thoracic aorta depends on certain anatomic conditions, especially on the presence of a suitable proximal neck. This proximal neck is insufficient or absent in many patients. The use of left subclavian-carotid transposition or le [...] ft carotid-tosubclavian artery bypass might allow an adequate perfusion of the left arm after the implantation of the stent-graft. However, this surgical approach is not feasible in unstable patients undergoing emergency surgery or with multiple comorbidities. Objective To evaluate the clinical and neurological outcomes of the intentional occlusion of the left subclavian artery during endovascular repair of the descending thoracic aorta. Material and Methods Between August 1999 and February 2010, 136 patients consecutively underwent implantation of self-expandable stent-grafts. The origin of the left subclavian artery was intentionally covered in 29 patients (21%) with absence of adequate proximal neck (normal aortic segment ?15 mm long). Before the procedure, all patients underwent selective angiography of the right vertebral artery to exclude stenosis and to evaluate vertebrobasilar circulation. Results A total of 20 men and 9 women were treated; mean age was 62 (49-72) years. Stent-graft implantation was indicated due to acute type B aortic dissection (n=4), chronic type B aortic dissection (n=14), intramural hematoma (n=1), true aneurysm (n=7), aortic ulcer (n=1), and traumatic pseudoaneurysm (n=2). The device was successfully implanted in all patients. No clinical or neurological complications were reported after a mean follow-up of 29 months (13-50). Conclusions The use of s

Hernán G, Bertoni; Fabián A, Azzari; Germán A, Girela; Gustavo A, Salvo; Alejandro, de la Vega; Gonzalo A, Romero; Natalia, Bourques; Adrián A, Charask; Jorge H, Leguizamón.

2011-02-01

200

Combined endovascular and surgical treatment of melanoma of the nasal cavity: a case report; Melanoma de fosas nasales. Tratamiento combinado endovascular y quirurgico. A proposito de un caso  

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Melanoma of the nasal cavity is a rare tumor with a worse prognosis than cutaneous melanoma. It usually presents as nasal obstruction and/or epistaxis. The observation of a pigmented mass in the nasal cavity is highly suggestive of this lesion. Computed tomography shows a mass with nonspecific features. In magnetic resonance studies, it has a characteristics signal consisting of hyperintensity of T1-weighted images and hypointensity on T2-weighted images, depending on the amount of melanin. The treatment of choice is surgical resection. We present a case of melanoma of the nasal cavity in which endovascular embolization of the tumor was performed prior to surgical treatment. (Author) 11 refs.

Romero, A.; Delgado, F.; Ramos, M.; Bravo, F. [Hospital Universitario Reina Sofia. Cordoba (Spain)

2000-07-01

 
 
 
 
201

Tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta abdominal com anatomia complexa: resultados preliminares com a segunda geração de endoprótese com arcabouço metálico circular / Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms with complex anatomy: preliminary results of the second generation stent graft with a dual-ring design  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: O tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta abdominal tem revolucionado o tratamento dessa afecção, em decorrência das baixas taxas de morbidade e mortalidade. Apesar dos avanços tecnológicos ocorridos nas endopróteses, ainda existem limitações anatômicas para o emprego da técnica. [...] Este estudo teve por objetivo avaliar os resultados imediatos do tratamento de pacientes portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal com anatomia complexa com uma endoprótese de segunda geração. MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional, prospectivo, não-randomizado, realizado em um único centro, em uma série de pacientes submetidos a tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal infrarrenais complexos, com prótese com arcabouço metálico disposta em anéis (Anaconda™ - Vascutek, Terumo, Inchinnan, Escócia). Foram avaliados as características clínicas e angiográficas, o sucesso técnico, o sucesso terapêutico, a morbidade e a mortalidade, e a taxa de reintervenção perioperatória. RESULTADOS: Foram analisados, no período de fevereiro de 2010 a dezembro de 2011, 108 pacientes consecutivos portadores de aneurisma da aorta, dos quais 16 eram portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal com anatomia complexa tratados com a prótese Anaconda™. A média de idade foi de 76 + 7 anos e 75% eram do sexo masculino. Houve sucesso técnico em 94% e êxito terapêutico em 75% dos casos. Ocorreu um óbito no pós-operatório. As complicações perioperatórias mais prevalentes foram sangramento da ferida operatória (2/16) e embolia periférica (2/16). Foram necessárias reintervenções em 12,5% dos pacientes durante o seguimento. CONCLUSÕES: Neste estudo, a segunda geração da endoprótese Anaconda™ foi efetiva e apresenta resultados imediatos satisfatórios no tratamento do aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal de anatomia complexa. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Endovascular treatment has revolutionized the therapeutic approach to abdominal aortic aneurysms due to its low morbidity and mortality rates. Despite the technological advances, there still are anatomical limitations on the use of stent grafts. This study aimed to evaluate the immediate [...] clinical results in patients with complex abdominal aortic aneurysms treated with a second generation stent graft. METHODS: This is an observational, prospective, non-randomized, single-center study in a series of patients undergoing endovascular repair of complex infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysms, using a stent graft with a dual-ring stent design (Anaconda™ - Vascutek, Terumo, Inchinnan, Scotland). Clinical and angiographic characteristics, technical and therapeutic success rates, morbidity and mortality and perioperative reintervention rates were evaluated. RESULTS: Between February 2010 and December 2011, 108 consecutive patients with aortic aneurysms were treated, of whom 16 had complex abdominal aortic aneurysms, treated with the Anaconda™ AAA Stent Graft System. Mean age was 76 + 7 years and 75% were males. Technical success was observed in 94% and therapeutic success in 75% of cases. There was one postoperative death. The most prevalent perioperative complication was surgical wound bleeding (2/16) and peripheral embolism (2/16). Reinterventions were required in 12.5% of the patients during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the second-generation Anaconda™ Stent Graft System was effective and provided satisfactory immediate results in the treatment of complex infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysms.

Patrick Bastos, Metzger; Eduardo Rafael, Novero; Fabio Henrique, Rossi; Samuel Martins, Moreira; Heraldo Antônio, Barbato; Nilo Mitsuru, Izukawa; Vanessa Luciene Abreu de, Marco; Manoel Nicolas, Cano; Antonio Massamitsu, Kambara.

2012-03-01

202

Tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta abdominal com anatomia complexa: resultados preliminares com a segunda geração de endoprótese com arcabouço metálico circular / Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms with complex anatomy: preliminary results of the second generation stent graft with a dual-ring design  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese INTRODUÇÃO: O tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas da aorta abdominal tem revolucionado o tratamento dessa afecção, em decorrência das baixas taxas de morbidade e mortalidade. Apesar dos avanços tecnológicos ocorridos nas endopróteses, ainda existem limitações anatômicas para o emprego da técnica. [...] Este estudo teve por objetivo avaliar os resultados imediatos do tratamento de pacientes portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal com anatomia complexa com uma endoprótese de segunda geração. MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional, prospectivo, não-randomizado, realizado em um único centro, em uma série de pacientes submetidos a tratamento endovascular de aneurismas da aorta abdominal infrarrenais complexos, com prótese com arcabouço metálico disposta em anéis (Anaconda™ - Vascutek, Terumo, Inchinnan, Escócia). Foram avaliados as características clínicas e angiográficas, o sucesso técnico, o sucesso terapêutico, a morbidade e a mortalidade, e a taxa de reintervenção perioperatória. RESULTADOS: Foram analisados, no período de fevereiro de 2010 a dezembro de 2011, 108 pacientes consecutivos portadores de aneurisma da aorta, dos quais 16 eram portadores de aneurisma da aorta abdominal com anatomia complexa tratados com a prótese Anaconda™. A média de idade foi de 76 + 7 anos e 75% eram do sexo masculino. Houve sucesso técnico em 94% e êxito terapêutico em 75% dos casos. Ocorreu um óbito no pós-operatório. As complicações perioperatórias mais prevalentes foram sangramento da ferida operatória (2/16) e embolia periférica (2/16). Foram necessárias reintervenções em 12,5% dos pacientes durante o seguimento. CONCLUSÕES: Neste estudo, a segunda geração da endoprótese Anaconda™ foi efetiva e apresenta resultados imediatos satisfatórios no tratamento do aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal de anatomia complexa. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Endovascular treatment has revolutionized the therapeutic approach to abdominal aortic aneurysms due to its low morbidity and mortality rates. Despite the technological advances, there still are anatomical limitations on the use of stent grafts. This study aimed to evaluate the immediate [...] clinical results in patients with complex abdominal aortic aneurysms treated with a second generation stent graft. METHODS: This is an observational, prospective, non-randomized, single-center study in a series of patients undergoing endovascular repair of complex infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysms, using a stent graft with a dual-ring stent design (Anaconda™ - Vascutek, Terumo, Inchinnan, Scotland). Clinical and angiographic characteristics, technical and therapeutic success rates, morbidity and mortality and perioperative reintervention rates were evaluated. RESULTS: Between February 2010 and December 2011, 108 consecutive patients with aortic aneurysms were treated, of whom 16 had complex abdominal aortic aneurysms, treated with the Anaconda™ AAA Stent Graft System. Mean age was 76 + 7 years and 75% were males. Technical success was observed in 94% and therapeutic success in 75% of cases. There was one postoperative death. The most prevalent perioperative complication was surgical wound bleeding (2/16) and peripheral embolism (2/16). Reinterventions were required in 12.5% of the patients during follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the second-generation Anaconda™ Stent Graft System was effective and provided satisfactory immediate results in the treatment of complex infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysms.

Patrick Bastos, Metzger; Eduardo Rafael, Novero; Fabio Henrique, Rossi; Samuel Martins, Moreira; Heraldo Antônio, Barbato; Nilo Mitsuru, Izukawa; Vanessa Luciene Abreu de, Marco; Manoel Nicolas, Cano; Antonio Massamitsu, Kambara.

203

Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm using bifurcated stent-graft in a patient with complete occlusion from the common to the external iliac artery.  

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Extensive iliofemoral occlusive disease can limit the use of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR), and the treatment strategy varies depending on severity of the lesion. In cases of mild iliac artery (IA) stenosis, predilation using a balloon catheter before EVAR is relatively common, and for severe IA stenosis, the technique of internal endoconduits has been reported with good results. In contrast, EVAR using an aortouni-iliac stent graft with femorofemoral crossover bypass has traditionally been used for abdominal aortic aneurysm with IA occlusion. However, EVAR using a bifurcated stent graft has some clear advantages over aortouni-iliac stent grafts. In this report, we describe and discuss technical aspects and feasibility of chronically occluded iliac artery recanalization before EVAR to facilitate the use of bifurcated stent grafts in a patient with concomitant complete common to external IA occlusion. PMID:24360941

Fujimura, Naoki; Harada, Hirohisa; Yashiro, Hideki; Akiyoshi, Takurin; Nakagawa, Motohito; Kanai, Toshio; Obara, Hideaki; Kitagawa, Yuko

2014-04-01

204

Pseudoaneurisma traumático de troncos supra-aórticos: tratamiento endovascular. Casos clínicos Endovascular treatment of traumatic pseudoaneurysms of aortic arch branches: Report of three cases  

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Full Text Available The traditional treatment of traumatic lesions of the aortic arch branches requires extended surgical exposures, not exempt of morbidity and mortality. Over the last decade, devices that allow a minimally invasive treatment, have been developed. The vessel can be repaired without direct exposure, using an endovascular procedure. We report three patients with traumatic pseudoaneurysms of the left subclavian, brachiocephalic and left common carotid arteries, respectively. All lesions were successfully repaired with the insertion of an endograft. Although long term results of these procedure are unknown, repair of a future stenosis or occlusion is less complicated than the treatment required by the original lesion. Endoluminal repair appears as a safe, efficient and less invasive treatment for these lesions. (Rev Méd Chile 2002; 130: 1027-32

Renato Mertens M

2002-09-01

205

Pseudoaneurisma traumático de troncos supra-aórticos: tratamiento endovascular. Casos clínicos / Endovascular treatment of traumatic pseudoaneurysms of aortic arch branches: Report of three cases  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish [...] Abstract in english The traditional treatment of traumatic lesions of the aortic arch branches requires extended surgical exposures, not exempt of morbidity and mortality. Over the last decade, devices that allow a minimally invasive treatment, have been developed. The vessel can be repaired without direct exposure, us [...] ing an endovascular procedure. We report three patients with traumatic pseudoaneurysms of the left subclavian, brachiocephalic and left common carotid arteries, respectively. All lesions were successfully repaired with the insertion of an endograft. Although long term results of these procedure are unknown, repair of a future stenosis or occlusion is less complicated than the treatment required by the original lesion. Endoluminal repair appears as a safe, efficient and less invasive treatment for these lesions. (Rev Méd Chile 2002; 130: 1027-32)

Renato, Mertens M; Francisco, Valdés E; Albrecht, Kramer S; Leopoldo, Mariné M; Jeannette, Vergara G; Magaly, Valdebenito C.

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Correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal e artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em paciente com hemofilia C grave / Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and left common iliac artery in a patient with severe hemophilia C  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A deficiência do fator XI, também conhecida como hemofilia C, é uma doença hematológica hereditária rara, que se manifesta clinicamente com hemorragia persistente após cirurgias, traumas, menorragias e extrações dentárias. Neste artigo, relatou-se a correção endovascular de um paciente com aneurisma [...] de aorta e de artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em um paciente portador de deficiência major do fator XI (atividade do fator XI inferior a 20%). O procedimento foi realizado com sucesso, com o manuseio do distúrbio da coagulação por meio da infusão de plasma fresco no pré-operatório imediato e no pós-operatório, e controle laboratorial da coagulação do paciente. Abstract in english Factor XI deficiency, also known as hemophilia C, is a rare hereditary blood disease that manifests with persistent bleeding after surgery, trauma, menorrhagia, and dental extractions. This article reports an endovascular repair of a patient diagnosed with an aortic and left common iliac aneurysm, w [...] ith severe factor XI deficiency (factor XI activity below 20%). The procedure was successfully performed with management of the coagulation disorder by preoperative and postoperative infusion of plasma and laboratory control of the coagulation.

Sergio Quilici, Belczak; Igor Rafael, Sincos; Ricardo, Aun; Boulanger, Mioto Neto; Manoel, Lobato; Fernando, Saliture; Alex, Ledermain.

2012-03-01

207

Correção endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal e artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em paciente com hemofilia C grave Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm and left common iliac artery in a patient with severe hemophilia C  

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Full Text Available A deficiência do fator XI, também conhecida como hemofilia C, é uma doença hematológica hereditária rara, que se manifesta clinicamente com hemorragia persistente após cirurgias, traumas, menorragias e extrações dentárias. Neste artigo, relatou-se a correção endovascular de um paciente com aneurisma de aorta e de artéria ilíaca comum esquerda em um paciente portador de deficiência major do fator XI (atividade do fator XI inferior a 20%. O procedimento foi realizado com sucesso, com o manuseio do distúrbio da coagulação por meio da infusão de plasma fresco no pré-operatório imediato e no pós-operatório, e controle laboratorial da coagulação do paciente.Factor XI deficiency, also known as hemophilia C, is a rare hereditary blood disease that manifests with persistent bleeding after surgery, trauma, menorrhagia, and dental extractions. This article reports an endovascular repair of a patient diagnosed with an aortic and left common iliac aneurysm, with severe factor XI deficiency (factor XI activity below 20%. The procedure was successfully performed with management of the coagulation disorder by preoperative and postoperative infusion of plasma and laboratory control of the coagulation.

Sergio Quilici Belczak

2012-03-01

208

Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in Detection and Follow-Up of an Infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Aorto-Caval Fistula and Endovascular Treatment  

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An aorto-caval fistula is a rare complication of a symptomatic or ruptured infrarenal aortic aneurysm having a frequency of 3-6%. Patients typically present with clinical signs of diffuse abdominal pain associated with increasing venous congestion and tachycardia, rapid cardiopulmonary decompensation with acute dyspnea, and an audible machinerylike bruit. Perioperative mortality is high, ranging from 20% to 60%. We report a case of an endovascular aortic repair in a patient with a symptomatic infrarenal aortic aneurysm and an aorto-caval fistula. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound seems to be a promising new diagnostic option for the diagnosis and preoperative treatment planning for patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms with rupture into the inferior vena cava. It is in addition to computed tomography angiography. It might allow a more rapid and noninvasive diagnosis, especially for patients in intensive care because of its bedside availability. Because the examination is dynamic, additional information about blood flow between the aorta and inferior cava vein can be evaluated

209

Aneurysmal sizing after endovascular repair in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm: interobserver variability of various measurement protocols and its clinical relevance  

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The aim of this study was to determine the variability of various measurement protocols for measurement of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and the clinical relevance of variability. Three radiologists performed computed tomographic angiography measurements of both the aorta and the largest portion of the aneurysm on selected axial slices. Then measurements of the largest portion of the aneurysm were performed on unselected axial slices, sagittal and coronal reformatted. Finally, aortic volume was calculated. Measurements and volume calculation were performed before and after endovascular repair and assessed: Part 1: interobserver variability for maximum anteroposterior (MAP) and maximum transverse (MTR) diameters on selected slices; part 2: interobserver variability for unselected slices considering MAP and MTR; part 3: interobserver variability considering maximum diameter in any direction (MAD); part 4: interobserver variability for sagittal (SAG) and coronal (COR) free curved multiplanar reformation (MPR); and part 5: volume calculations. We then determined which technique of measurement was the most clinically relevant for detecting changes in aneurysm size or aortic volume. Parts 1 and 2: interobserver variability was 4.1 mm for both MAP and MTR; part 3: interobserver variability was 7 mm for MAD; part 4: interobserver variability was 5.5 mm (COR) and 4.9 mm (SAG); part 5: interobserver variability for volume was 5.5 ml. A combination of MAP and MTR was the most useful for detecting aortic modification. Volume calculation was needed in only a few cases. We recommend avoiding MAD and MPR measurements and suggest instead measuring both maximum anteroposterior and maximum transverse diameters. If aneurysm size remains stable after endovascular repair, aneurysm volume should be measured. (orig.)

210

Aneurysmal sizing after endovascular repair in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm: interobserver variability of various measurement protocols and its clinical relevance  

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The aim of this study was to determine the variability of various measurement protocols for measurement of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and the clinical relevance of variability. Three radiologists performed computed tomographic angiography measurements of both the aorta and the largest portion of the aneurysm on selected axial slices. Then measurements of the largest portion of the aneurysm were performed on unselected axial slices, sagittal and coronal reformatted. Finally, aortic volume was calculated. Measurements and volume calculation were performed before and after endovascular repair and assessed: Part 1: interobserver variability for maximum anteroposterior (MAP) and maximum transverse (MTR) diameters on selected slices; part 2: interobserver variability for unselected slices considering MAP and MTR; part 3: interobserver variability considering maximum diameter in any direction (MAD); part 4: interobserver variability for sagittal (SAG) and coronal (COR) free curved multiplanar reformation (MPR); and part 5: volume calculations. We then determined which technique of measurement was the most clinically relevant for detecting changes in aneurysm size or aortic volume. Parts 1 and 2: interobserver variability was 4.1 mm for both MAP and MTR; part 3: interobserver variability was 7 mm for MAD; part 4: interobserver variability was 5.5 mm (COR) and 4.9 mm (SAG); part 5: interobserver variability for volume was 5.5 ml. A combination of MAP and MTR was the most useful for detecting aortic modification. Volume calculation was needed in only a few cases. We recommend avoiding MAD and MPR measurements and suggest instead measuring both maximum anteroposterior and maximum transverse diameters. If aneurysm size remains stable after endovascular repair, aneurysm volume should be measured. (orig.)

Abada, Hicham T.; Sapoval, Marc R.; Mousseaux, Elie; Gaux, Jean-Claude [Department of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, 20 rue Leblanc, 75015, Paris (France); Paul, Jean-Francois [Department of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology, Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, 20 rue Leblanc, 75015, Paris (France); Department of Radiology, Centre Chirugical Marie Lannelongue, 92350, Le Plessis-Robinson (France); De Maertelaer, Viviane [Statistical Unit, Interdisciplinary Research in Human Biology and Nuclear Medicine, University of Brussels, 1070, Brussels (Belgium)

2003-12-01

211

Improving Results of Elective Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair at a Low-Volume Hospital by Risk-Adjusted Selection of Treatment in the Endovascular Era  

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Several studies have observed both higher mortality rates and lower utilization of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) at low-volume centers. This article presents the results of elective abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair at a low-volume center in the endovascular era and investigates whether postprocedural mortality can be improved by extension of EVAR application also in this setting. This is an 11.6-year retrospective cohort study of 132 patients undergoing elective surgical or endovascular AAA repair at a tertiary care academic hospital between 1997 and July 2008, i.e., a median volume of 12 cases per year. The study was divided into two periods of time according to the respective indications and contraindications for EVAR, which substantially changed in 2005. During period 1, only aneurysms with necks ?20 mm long and not involving the iliac arteries were treated endoluminally. Beginning in 2005, indication for EVAR was expanded to aortoiliac aneurysms with a minimum neck length of 15 mm. Preoperative risk was assessed by the SVS/AAVS comorbidity score. During the first period (1997-2004) 18.4% (16/87) of all patients received EVAR. By extending anatomical confines and indications for EVAR in 2005, the utilization rate of EVAR increased to 40.0% (18/45) during the second period (2005-July 2008; p = 0.007). Prevalence of preoperative risk factors did not change during the two observation periods. In contrast to period 1, high-risk patients were preferentially treated endoluminally during the second period, resulting in a significantly higher median SVS/AAVS score in the EVAR group (p < 0.001). A significant decrease in median length of stay at the intensive/intermediate care unit (5 vs. 2 days; p = 0.006) and length of in-hospital stay (20 vs. 12.5 days; p < 0.001) was observed during period 2. Overall perioperative mortality was reduced from 6.9% during the first period to 2.2% during the second period (p = 0.256). EVAR mortality was 0%, mortality after open repair was reduced from 8.5% to 3.7% (p = 0.414). In conclusion, by risk-adjusted selection of treatment and frequent application of EVAR, it is possible to improve perioperative outcome of elective AAA repair at a low-volume hospital. Mortality figures are similar to those of recent trials at high-volume centers, as reported in the literature.

212

Tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal em pacientes com anatomia favorável para o procedimento: experiência inicial em um serviço universitário / Endovascular treatment of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm in patients with favorable anatomy for the repair: initial experience in a university hospital  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese CONTEXTO: Desde sua introdução, em 1991, o reparo endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal tem se tornado uma alternativa atraente para o tratamento dessa doença. Avaliar nossos resultados iniciais quanto à segurança e eficácia dessa técnica nos levou à realização deste estudo. OBJET [...] IVOS: Analisar a mortalidade perioperatória, a sobrevida tardia, as reoperações, as taxas de perviedade e o comportamento do saco aneurismático em pacientes com anatomia favorável para a realização do procedimento. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo longitudinal, observacional e retrospectivo realizado entre outubro de 2004 e janeiro de 2009 com 41 pacientes que foram submetidos à correção endovascular do aneurisma de aorta abdominal infrarrenal por apresentarem anatomia favorável para o procedimento. Foram analisados os achados dos exames diagnósticos, o tratamento e o seguimento em todos os pacientes. RESULTADOS: Foram implantadas, com sucesso, 31 (75,6%) próteses bifurcadas e 10 (24,5%) monoilíacas, de 5 diferentes marcas. O diâmetro médio dos aneurismas fusiformes era de 62 mm. A mortalidade perioperatória foi de 4,8% e a sobrevida tardia, 90,2%. Durante o acompanhamento médio de 30 meses, 2 (4,8%) pacientes necessitaram de reintervenção, um por migração da endoprótese e outro por vazamento tipo II. Dois (4,8%) pacientes apresentaram oclusão de ramo da prótese. Oito (19,5%) vazamentos foram diagnosticados e não houve nenhuma rotura dos aneurismas. CONCLUSÃO: Apesar do pequeno número de pacientes, os resultados observados parecem justificar a realização do procedimento endovascular nos pacientes com anatomia favorável. Abstract in english BACKGROUND: Since its introduction in 1991, endovascular repair of infrarenal aortic aneurysms has become an attractive option to treat this disease. The evaluation of our initial results about safety and efficacy of this technique has led us to carry out this study. OBJECTIVES: To analyze periopera [...] tive mortality, late survival, reoperations, patency rates and the aneurysmal sac behavior in patients with favorable anatomy for this procedure. METHODS: A longitudinal, observational and retrospective study was conducted from October 2004 to January 2009, involving 41 patients with favorable anatomy for endovascular repair of infrarenal aortic aneurysm. The findings of diagnostic exams, the treatment and follow-up results were analyzed. RESULTS: Thirty-one (75.6%) bifurcated and 10 (24.5%) mono-iliac prosthesis of five different brands were successfully implanted. The average diameter of the fusiform aneurysms was 62 mm. Perioperative mortality rate was 4.8% and late survival was 90.2%. During the mean follow-up period of 30 months, two (4.8%) patients needed re-intervention, one for migration of the endoprosthesis and the other for type II endoleak. Two (4.8%) patients presented occlusion of an endograft branch. Eight (19.5%) endoleaks were diagnosed and there was no aneurysm rupture. CONCLUSION: Despite the small number of patients, the results seem to justify the performance of endovascular therapy in patients with favorable anatomy.

José Manoel da Silva, Silvestre; Fernando, Motta; Wander Eduardo, Sardinha; Domingos de, Morais Filho; Fernando, Thomazinho; Guilherme da Silva, Silvestre; Igor Schincariol, Perozin.

2011-03-01

213

Adherencias abdominales postquirúrgicas en equinos: patofisiología, prevención y tratamiento Post-surgical abdominal adhesions in horses: pathophysiology, prevention and treatment  

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Full Text Available A pesar del gran número de investigaciones realizadas tanto en medicina humana como en medicina veterinaria, las adherencias intraabdominales continúan siendo una complicación para los cirujanos en la actualidad. El desarrollo de adherencias intraabdominales es un proceso dinámico y complejo que involucra una serie de eventos que comienzan con un proceso inflamatorio y daño tisular, seguido de desbalances en los procesos de fibrinogénesis y fibrinólisis, terminando con la conversión de fibrina a tejido fibroso. En cirugías de intestino delgado en equinos, la incidencia de adherencias va de 14 a 22%, siendo la causa más común de dolor abdominal recurrente y la segunda causa de celiotomías repetidas. Sin embargo, al incluir todas las causas de cirugías abdominales, en esta especie la incidencia de adherencias es de aproximadamente un 5%. El mayor conocimiento del mecanismo celular de la formación y reformación de adherencias debe llevar a reducir su incidencia. Actualmente, existen una serie de métodos de prevención y tratamientos destinados a disminuir o evitar la aparición de adherencias intraabdominales. El objetivo de esta revisión bibliográfica fue el de recopilar la mayor información disponible e investigaciones que expliquen de mejor manera la fisiopatología, prevención y tratamiento de la formación de adherencias intraabdominales.Despite the great number of human and veterinary medicine research, abdominal adhesions are still a big concern and a frequent complication for surgeons. The development of abdominal adhesions is a complex and dynamic process that involves a series of different mechanisms that start with an inflammatory process and tissue damage, followed by a fibrinogenic and fibrinolytic unbalance and ends with a change from fibrin deposit to fibrous tissue. In horses, after small intestine surgeries, adhesion incidence ranges from 14 to 22%. It is the most frequent cause of recurrent abdominal pain and the second cause for repeat celiotomy. Nevertheless, when all equine abdominal surgeries are included, the incidence of postoperative adhesions approximates 5%. A better understanding of the cellular mechanisms of adhesion formation and reformation should help to develop better prevention methods. Currently, a variety of prevention measures and treatments, most of them aiming to reduce or avoid adhesions formation, are used in veterinary medicine. The aim of this review is to gather most of the available information and the latest research explaining the pathophysiology, prevention and treatment of abdominal adhesions in horses.

M Werner

2009-01-01

214

Adherencias abdominales postquirúrgicas en equinos: patofisiología, prevención y tratamiento / Post-surgical abdominal adhesions in horses: pathophysiology, prevention and treatment  

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Full Text Available SciELO Chile | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish A pesar del gran número de investigaciones realizadas tanto en medicina humana como en medicina veterinaria, las adherencias intraabdominales continúan siendo una complicación para los cirujanos en la actualidad. El desarrollo de adherencias intraabdominales es un proceso dinámico y complejo que inv [...] olucra una serie de eventos que comienzan con un proceso inflamatorio y daño tisular, seguido de desbalances en los procesos de fibrinogénesis y fibrinólisis, terminando con la conversión de fibrina a tejido fibroso. En cirugías de intestino delgado en equinos, la incidencia de adherencias va de 14 a 22%, siendo la causa más común de dolor abdominal recurrente y la segunda causa de celiotomías repetidas. Sin embargo, al incluir todas las causas de cirugías abdominales, en esta especie la incidencia de adherencias es de aproximadamente un 5%. El mayor conocimiento del mecanismo celular de la formación y reformación de adherencias debe llevar a reducir su incidencia. Actualmente, existen una serie de métodos de prevención y tratamientos destinados a disminuir o evitar la aparición de adherencias intraabdominales. El objetivo de esta revisión bibliográfica fue el de recopilar la mayor información disponible e investigaciones que expliquen de mejor manera la fisiopatología, prevención y tratamiento de la formación de adherencias intraabdominales. Abstract in english Despite the great number of human and veterinary medicine research, abdominal adhesions are still a big concern and a frequent complication for surgeons. The development of abdominal adhesions is a complex and dynamic process that involves a series of different mechanisms that start with an inflamma [...] tory process and tissue damage, followed by a fibrinogenic and fibrinolytic unbalance and ends with a change from fibrin deposit to fibrous tissue. In horses, after small intestine surgeries, adhesion incidence ranges from 14 to 22%. It is the most frequent cause of recurrent abdominal pain and the second cause for repeat celiotomy. Nevertheless, when all equine abdominal surgeries are included, the incidence of postoperative adhesions approximates 5%. A better understanding of the cellular mechanisms of adhesion formation and reformation should help to develop better prevention methods. Currently, a variety of prevention measures and treatments, most of them aiming to reduce or avoid adhesions formation, are used in veterinary medicine. The aim of this review is to gather most of the available information and the latest research explaining the pathophysiology, prevention and treatment of abdominal adhesions in horses.

M, Werner; JS, Galecio; H, Bustamante.

215

Tratamento endoluminal de aneurismas anastomóticos na aorta abdominal: relato de dois casos / Endovascular treatment of abdominal aortic anastomotic aneurysms: report of two cases  

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Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese Os aneurismas anastomóticos que envolvem a anastomose proximal de reconstruções do território aorto-ilíaco são graves, e as operações convencionais para sua correção são complexas e passíveis de graves complicações. Apresentamos dois casos de aneurismas de anastomoses proximais de enxerto aorto-bife [...] moral que ocorreram após 15 e 18 anos, respectivamente, de evolução dos enxertos e que foram corrigidos pela técnica endoluminal. Ambos os pacientes evoluíram bem e foram submetidos a controle pela tomografia computadorizada com 12 e 6 meses de evolução, respectivamente, com exclusão do aneurisma. Abstract in english Proximal anastomosis aneurysm is a rare and severe complication in aortofemoral bypass surgery. Surgical treatment is complex and has a high morbidity and mortality rate. We report two cases of proximal anastomosis aneurysm in late follow up of aortobifemoral bypass surgery, which occurred 15 and 18 [...] years, respectively, after the bypasses and were repaired by the endovascular technique. Both patients progressed well and were submitted to 6- and 12-month follow-up CT scans showing aneurysm exclusion.

Ricardo, Aun; Fernando Tavares, Saliture Neto; Alex, Lederman; Hilton, Waksman.

216

Tratamiento endovascular de una fuga paraprotésica mitral con dispositivo Amplatzer® / Percutaneous closure of a mitral paraprosthetic leak with an Amplatzer® device  

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Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El leak o fuga paraprotésica mitral se presenta entre el 5 y el 17% de los pacientes tratados con cirugía de reemplazo valvular. En general, los defectos son únicos, la mayoría se encuentran localizados en la región postero-medial del anillo valvular y solo la tercera parte produce reflujo de grado [...] grave. El cierre percutáneo por vía endovascular es una alternativa terapéutica válida en pacientes con elevado riesgo para re-operación. La estrategia de abordaje depende de la localización, tamaño, morfología y relaciones adyacentes del o los defectos. El procedimiento debe ser realizado por profesionales con experiencia en el tratamiento de cardiopatías estructurales y en el manejo de estos dispositivos de cierre, y se considera imprescindible la utilización de un ecocardiograma transesofágico tridimensional. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con una fuga paraprotésica valvular mitral que fue cerrada con un dispositivo Amplatzer ® introducido en forma percutánea desde la vena femoral. Abstract in english Mitral paraprosthetic leaks are present in 5 to 17% of patients who receive valve replacement surgery. Overall, the defects are single, most of them are located in the postero-medial region of the annulus, and only one third produce a severe reflux. Percutaneous closure by endovascular surgery is a [...] valid therapeutic alternative in patients at high risk for re-operation. The approach depends on the location, size, morphology and relationships or neighboring defects. The procedure must be performed by professionals with experience in the treatment of structural heart disease and in the management of these closure devices. Guidance with three dimensional transesophageal echocardiography is considered essential. A case of a mitral paraprosthetic leak that was closed with an Amplatzer ® device introduced percutaneously from the femoral vein is here presented.

Alberto, Sciegata; José A, Álvarez; Felipe, Deketele; José, Alonso; Jorge G, Allín; Guillermo, Migliaro.

217

Tratamiento endovascular de una fuga paraprotésica mitral con dispositivo Amplatzer® / Percutaneous closure of a mitral paraprosthetic leak with an Amplatzer® device  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Argentina | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El leak o fuga paraprotésica mitral se presenta entre el 5 y el 17% de los pacientes tratados con cirugía de reemplazo valvular. En general, los defectos son únicos, la mayoría se encuentran localizados en la región postero-medial del anillo valvular y solo la tercera parte produce reflujo de grado [...] grave. El cierre percutáneo por vía endovascular es una alternativa terapéutica válida en pacientes con elevado riesgo para re-operación. La estrategia de abordaje depende de la localización, tamaño, morfología y relaciones adyacentes del o los defectos. El procedimiento debe ser realizado por profesionales con experiencia en el tratamiento de cardiopatías estructurales y en el manejo de estos dispositivos de cierre, y se considera imprescindible la utilización de un ecocardiograma transesofágico tridimensional. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con una fuga paraprotésica valvular mitral que fue cerrada con un dispositivo Amplatzer ® introducido en forma percutánea desde la vena femoral. Abstract in english Mitral paraprosthetic leaks are present in 5 to 17% of patients who receive valve replacement surgery. Overall, the defects are single, most of them are located in the postero-medial region of the annulus, and only one third produce a severe reflux. Percutaneous closure by endovascular surgery is a [...] valid therapeutic alternative in patients at high risk for re-operation. The approach depends on the location, size, morphology and relationships or neighboring defects. The procedure must be performed by professionals with experience in the treatment of structural heart disease and in the management of these closure devices. Guidance with three dimensional transesophageal echocardiography is considered essential. A case of a mitral paraprosthetic leak that was closed with an Amplatzer ® device introduced percutaneously from the femoral vein is here presented.

Alberto, Sciegata; José A, Álvarez; Felipe, Deketele; José, Alonso; Jorge G, Allín; Guillermo, Migliaro.

2012-10-01

218

Endovascular therapy of abdominal aortic aneurysm: results of a mid-term follow-up; Endovaskulaere Therapie von abdominellen Aortenaneurysmen: Klinisch-radiologishe Ergebnisse im mittelfristigen Verlauf  

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Prospective study to evaluate clinical results and complications of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm treatment in a mid-term follow-up. Materials and methods: A total of 122 patients (9 females, 113 males, average age 70.0{+-}7,9 years) with abdominal aortic aneurysms were treated with stent grafts (53 Vanguard or Stentor endografts, 69 Talent endografts). Group I consisted of 40 patients who had all aortic tributaries of the aneurysm sac occluded prior to endovalscular grafting, either spontaneously by parietal thrombosis or by selective coil embolization of the respective ostia preserving collateral circulation distal to the vessel occlusion. Group II consisted of 82 patients and included all cases without or with incomplete coil embolization with at least one patent vessel. Stent grafting was performed in general anesthesia in the first 21 patients, followed by peridural anesthesia in 15 cases, and local anesthesia with conscious sedation in 86 cases. The results were evaluated with Spiral-CT, MRI and radiographs of the endovascular graft, with follow-up examinations obtained at 3, 6, 12 months, and every year - Implantation was successfully completed in all cases without primary conversion surgery, laparotomy or any significant complication. Mean follow-up was 29{+-}21 months (maximum 82 months). The 30-day mortality was 0,8% due to a myocardial infarction 3 days after discharge from the hospital. A total of 47 re-interventions were performed in 29 patients (23.8%), with 35 re-interventions in 18 cases with Vanguard or Stentor endografts and 12 re-interventions in 11 patients with Talent endografts. 23 percutaneous re-interventions included distal graft extension (n=11), Wallstent for kinking and limb stenosis (n=3), and secondary coil embolization of collateral vessels (n=9). 24 surgical re-interventions included proximal graft extension (n=6), new endovascular grafts (n=3), surgical clipping of lumbar and mesenteric artery branches for type-II endoleaks following ineffective secondary coil embolization (n=1), and femorofemoral crossover bypasses (n=4). A total of 10 secondary conversion operations were performed because of damage to the membrane (n=4; 3 Vanguard endografts, 1 Talent endograft), significant caudal migrations (n=5; 4 Vanguard endografts, 1 Talent endograft) associated with type-I endoleaks (n=2), limb occlusion (n=1), disconnection of graft components (n=1), and significant endoluminal thrombus deposits (n=1). One patient, who was followed for 82 months, suffered from a significant endoleak for 10 months with increasing aneurysm diameter but he refused surgery. He was admitted with aneurysm perforation and was successfully operated with aortic graft replacement. Compared to group II, the incidence and size of endoleaks was reduced in group I (incidence 19.2% versus 29.9%, p<0.05). Group I demonstrated significantly better aneurysm shrinkage at 36 months follow-up ({delta} sagittal diameter -11.1{+-}8.4 mm versus -4.9{+-}6.2 mm, p<0.05). (orig.) [German] Zielsetzung: Prospektive Studie zur Erfassung der klinisch-radiologischen Ergebnisse und Komplikationen im mittelfristigen Verlauf nach endovaskulaerer Aneurysmatherapie. Material und Methoden: 122 Patienten (9 Frauen, 113 Maenner, Alter 70,9{+-}7,9 Jahre) mit abdominellen Aortenaneurysmen wurden mittels Stentprothesen endovaskulaer behandelt (Vanguard/Stentor n=53, Talent n=69). Patienten mit verschlossenen aortalen Seitenaesten im Aneurysmabereich (spontan oder, nach Embolisationsbehandlung) wurden in Gruppe I (n=40) zusammengefasst, Patienten mit mindestens einem perfundierten Seitenast in Gruppe II (n=82). Die Implantationen erfolgten zunaechst in Allgemeinnarkose (n=21), spaeter in Periduralanaesthesie (n=15) und schliesslich in Lokalanaestesie (n=86). Die Ergebniskontrollen erfolgten mittels Spiral-CT, MRT und Stent-Radiographie postinterventionell, nach 3, 6 und 12 Monaten, dann jaehrlich. Ergebnisse: Die Implantationen wurden in allen Faellen erfolgreich durchgefuehrt, ohne primaere Konversionsoperationen, Laparotomien oder sonstig

Pitton, M.B.; Schweitzer, H.; Herber, S.; Thelen, M. [Universitaetsklinik Mainz (Germany). Klinik fuer Radiologie; Schmiedt, W.; Neufang, A. [Universitaetsklinik Mainz (Germany). Klinik fuer Herz-, Thorax-, und Gefaesschirurgie; Dueber, C. [Universitaetsklinikum Mannheim (Germany). Inst. fuer Diagnostische Radiologie

2003-10-01

219

Duplex Ultrasound versus Computed Tomography for the Postoperative Follow-Up of Endovascular Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Repair. Where Do We Stand Now?  

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In the last decade, endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has rapidly developed to be the preferred method for infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm repair in patients with suitable anatomy. EVAR offers the advantage of lower perioperative mortality and morbidity but carries the cost of device-related complications such as endoleak, graft migration, graft thrombosis, and structural graft failure. These complications mandate a lifelong surveillance of EVAR patients and their endografts. The purpose of this study is to review and evaluate the safety of color-duplex ultrasound (CDU) as compared with computed tomography (CT), based on the current literature, for post-EVAR surveillance. The post-EVAR follow-up modalities, CDU versus CT, are evaluated questioning three parameters: (1) accuracy of aneurysm size, (2) detection and classification of endoleaks, and (3) detection of stent-graft deformation. Studies comparing CDU with CT scan for investigation of post-EVAR complications have produced mixed results. Further and long-term research is needed to evaluate the efficacy of CDU versus CT, before CDU can be recommended as the primary imaging modality for EVAR surveillance, in place of CT for stable aneurysms. PMID:25317026

Karanikola, Evridiki; Dalainas, Ilias; Karaolanis, Georgios; Zografos, Georgios; Filis, Konstantinos

2014-09-01

220

Surveillance of patients post-endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). A web-based survey of practice in the UK  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aim: To evaluate the current practice of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) surveillance amongst British Society of Interventional Radiologists (BSIR) members. Materials and methods: A web-based survey ( (Surveymonkey.com)) of BSIR members was performed from June 2011 to September 2011. Questions included who was responsible for organizing follow-up, techniques used in follow-up, and timing of follow-up imaging. Results: The majority (46%) of follow-up is organized by radiologists. In the first year, 74% of imaging interactions involves the use of computed tomography (CT), with 40% of respondents using multiple phases. After the first year, ultrasound is utilized more frequently, usually with plain films. Most patients receive imaging at 1, 6, and 12 months, and thereafter most respondents plan on indefinite yearly follow-up. Conclusion: EVAR follow-up protocols in the past have been empirical rather than evidence based. The present survey shows the current range of protocols used in the UK. Despite the frequent use of CT in the first year post-EVAR, there does appear to be a trend towards using ultrasound after the first year of follow-up

 
 
 
 
221

Current technology for the treatment of infection following abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) fixation by endovascular repair (EVAR).  

Science.gov (United States)

In recent years, in parallel with the increase of endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) procedures performances, a rise of late open surgical removal of EVAR implants has been observed, due to non-endovascularly correctable graft complications. Among them endograft infection is a rare but devastating occurrence, accounting for an incidence ranging from 0.2% to 0.7% in major series, and almost 1% of all causes of endograft explantations. However, a real estimation of the incidence of the problem respect to the number of EVAR implantations is difficult to obtain. Time to infection is usually defined as the period between EVAR and presentation of symptoms that leads to the infection diagnosis. It can be extremely variable, depending on bacterial virulence and host conditions. The diagnosis of an endograft infection is usually based on a combination of clinical symptoms, imaging studies and microbial cultures whenever possible. If computed tomography (CT) scan is employed in almost 100% of infection diagnosis, a combination of fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) and CT scan is nowadays used with increasing frequency in order to rise the likelihood of detecting a graft infection, since even cultures of blood or samples collected from the infected field can sometimes be negative. Complete graft excision seems the best approach whenever a surgical reconstruction could be attempted. In situ reconstruction can be performed by the interposition of an autologous vein, a cryopreserved allograft or a rifampin-soaked Dacron graft. The so-called conventional treatment contemplates the re-establishment of vascularization through extranatomical routes, thus preserving the new graft material from possible contamination by the surgical field just cleaned. When severe comorbid conditions did not allow graft excision, a conservative treatment should be taken into account. It is mainly based on broad-spectrum or culture-specific antibiotic therapy combined, whenever possible, with percutaneous drainage of the infectious cavity or aneurismal sac followed by irrigation with saline and antibiotic solutions. New techniques of percutaneous drainage under CT scan guidance can allow expedite collection of fluid material for microbial culture or fluid drainage, catheter positioning to collect infectious material from the cavity and perform irrigation of the infected field or injection of iodine contrast when the suspicion of aortoenteric fistula exists. PMID:24518072

Capoccia, L; Mestres, G; Riambau, V

2014-06-01

222

Abdominal aorta morphometric study for endovascular treatment of aortic aneurysms: comparison between spiral CT and angiography; Estudo morfometrico da aorta abdominal para tratamento endovascular dos aneurismas aorticos: comparacao entre tomografia helicoidal e angiografia  

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Purpose: To compare the computed tomography and angiography study of abdominal aortic aneurysms for posterior endograft implant. Method: From June 1997 to March 2001, 113 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm were submitted to study of the aorto-iliac axis with abdominal spiral computed tomography and angiography with calibrated catheter. The patient's ages ranged from 51 and 88 years (mean: 69). There were 104 males and nine females. Results: When comparing the mean computed tomography and angiography diameters, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the infra-renal neck (p<0.05) and for the aortic aneurysm diameters (p<0.001). There was no statistical difference for the iliac artery diameters (p>0.05). When comparing the mean lengths, we observed that there was a statistical difference for the aortic infra-renal neck (p<0.05), for the distance between the renal artery and the aortic bifurcation (p<0.05) and for the common iliac artery lengths (p<0.05). There was also a statistical difference for the length between the renal artery and the internal iliac artery (p<0.05). Conclusions: In the AAA pre-procedure imaging study there were statistical differences between the computed tomography and angiographic measurement studies. We believe that computed tomography is a superior method for the evaluation of diameters and the angiography with a calibrated catheter for the length evaluation. We conclude, that both methods are complementary and must be undertaken for accurate evaluation of all candidates for aortic endograft implant. (author)

Espinosa, Gaudencio [Universidade Federal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Hospital Universitario Clementino Fraga Filho. Dept. de Cirurgia Vascular; Marchiori, Edson [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Dept. de Radiologia]. E-mail: edmarchiori@zipmail.com.br; Caramalho, Monica Ferreira [Hospital Miguel Couto, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Barzola, Pedro [Medtronic-AVE do Brasil, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Araujo, Adalberto Pereira de

2002-12-01

223

Endovascular abdominal aortic repair for AAA. Anatomical suitability and limitation in Japanese population according to the inclusion criteria of Zenith AAA stent graft  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Since 2007, the EVAR (endovascular abdominal aortic repair) grafts, Zenith, Excluder and Powerlink had been commercially available in Japan. However, a small iliac artery, typical of Japanese population especially in women, was a limiting factor to indicate EVAR. We analyzed the suitability of EVAR in Japanese population according to the inclusion criteria of Zenith AAA stent graft in the current study. From January 2006 to December 2007, 106 AAA (abdominal aortic aneurysm) patients (88 men, 18 women) with a mean age of 73 years were investigated in our institution by multi-slice CT scan in terms of suitability of EVAR, then we measured their abdominal aorta and iliac artery parameters as follows; proximal neck diameter (PND) and length (PNL), common iliac artery diameter (CIAD) and length (CIAL), suprarenal (SNA) and infrarenal neck angulation (INA), external iliac artery diameter (EIAD) and aortic length from the lowest renal artery to the aortic bifurcation (AOL). The inclusion criteria for Zenith AAA stent graft treatment were; PND: 18-28 mm, PNL more than 15 mm, unilateral CIAD less than 20 mm, CIAL at least 10 mm, SNA less than 45 degree and INA less than 60 degree, unilateral EIAD more than 7.5 mm. The indication of EVAR was 25.5% (27/106 patients), and was especially very low in women (5.6%) strictly according to the inclusion criteria of the Zenith AAA stent graft. The main reason of exclusion of EVAR was proximal short neck (40.5%), small iliac artery (30.4%) and infrarenal aortic neck angulation (29.1%). In our analysis, female AAA patients had small PNL and EIAD with angulated neck compared with male AAA ones. Anatomical suitability of EVAR in Japanese population strictly following by the inclusion criteria of Zenith AAA stent graft was low due to their characteristic differences from the European Union (EU) and the United States (US) patients, such as short proximal neck, steep neck angulation and small iliac artery, especially in women. More flexible or branched/fenestrated grafts with a low profile sheath may be essential to be indicated EVAR in more Japanese AAA patients. (author)

224

Construct domain analysis of patient health-related quality of life: physical and mental trajectory profiles following open versus endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Nicolas J Mouawad, Stefan W Leichtle, Jeffrey V Manchio, Richard M Lampman, Brian G Halloran, Walter M Whitehouse JrMichigan Heart and Vascular Institute, Saint Joseph Mercy Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, USAPurpose: Many clinical trials comparing the outcomes of open surgical repair (OSR versus endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs have been conducted, with varying results. Surprisingly, few outcomes studies have closely examined perceived physical and mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL factors through a validated survey tool. The purpose of this prospective observational study was to describe the trajectory of HRQOL measures, from baseline to 1 year after surgery, in patients undergoing OSR or EVAR for AAA, and to explore for differences in physical and mental composite scores and their construct domains (subscales using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36® tool.Patients and methods: Over an 18-month period, a small sample of patients undergoing elective AAA repair in a community hospital setting were prospectively enrolled. Fifteen patients undergoing OSR and twenty patients undergoing EVAR were studied. Physical and mental HRQOL parameters were assessed using the SF-36.Results: No significant differences in demographic and clinical variables were found between the OSR and EVAR groups. In the multivariable linear models with repeated measures, both groups showed a significant decline in physical health composite scores 30 days after the surgical procedure (P < 0.01. However, although the OSR group showed a statistically significant decline in three of the four physical health domains, the EVAR group declined in only one physical health domain. Only the OSR group showed a significant decline in three of the four mental health domains at 30 days; however, the decline of these domains was not reflected in the group’s mental health composite scores. By 90 days after surgery, both groups were not significantly different from their baseline in physical or mental health composite scores, or in any of their respective physical health domains.Conclusion: In this small sample of patients undergoing AAA repair, EVAR resulted in less physical and emotional decline than OSR in the early postoperative period. However, patients in both groups may return to near baseline status at 90 days.Keywords: AAA, endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR, open surgical repair (OSR, Medical Outcomes Study 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36®, health related quality of life (HRQ

Mouawad NJ

2012-12-01

225

Two-stage hybrid open-endovascular repair of a Crawford type IV aortic aneurysm: therapeutic challenge / Tratamento híbrido (debranching) de aneurisma tóraco-abdominal tipo IV de Crawford: desafio terapêutico  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Apresentamos o caso de um paciente com aneurisma aórtico tóraco-abdominal tipo IV de Crawford submetido à correção híbrida em dois estágios. Inicialmente submetido a implante cirúrgico de prótese de Dacron® com revascularização de todos os ramos viscerais a partir da ilíaca externa esquerda (debranc [...] hing) e, posteriormente, tratado pela técnica endovascular com endoprótese aorto bi-ilíaca. Após dois anos, o paciente permanece assintomático e em plena atividade laborativa. Abstract in english We present a case of a patient with Crawford type IV aortic thoracoabdominal aneurysm. The patient underwent hybrid repair in two stages. Initially a Dacron(r) graft was implanted surgically with revascularization of all visceral branches from the left external iliac artery (debranching). On a later [...] date, the second stage of treatment was with an endovascular technique with bi aorto-iliac endoprosthesis. After 2 years the patient remains asymptomatic and in full working activity.

Abdo, Farret Neto; Liana Berucia Freire de, Oliveira; Guilherme Tarso de Andrade, Alves; George Anderson da Penha, Andrade; Eduardo Dantas Baptista de, Faria.

2014-04-01

226

Two-stage hybrid open-endovascular repair of a Crawford type IV aortic aneurysm: therapeutic challenge / Tratamento híbrido (debranching) de aneurisma tóraco-abdominal tipo IV de Crawford: desafio terapêutico  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Apresentamos o caso de um paciente com aneurisma aórtico tóraco-abdominal tipo IV de Crawford submetido à correção híbrida em dois estágios. Inicialmente submetido a implante cirúrgico de prótese de Dacron® com revascularização de todos os ramos viscerais a partir da ilíaca externa esquerda (debranc [...] hing) e, posteriormente, tratado pela técnica endovascular com endoprótese aorto bi-ilíaca. Após dois anos, o paciente permanece assintomático e em plena atividade laborativa. Abstract in english We present a case of a patient with Crawford type IV aortic thoracoabdominal aneurysm. The patient underwent hybrid repair in two stages. Initially a Dacron(r) graft was implanted surgically with revascularization of all visceral branches from the left external iliac artery (debranching). On a later [...] date, the second stage of treatment was with an endovascular technique with bi aorto-iliac endoprosthesis. After 2 years the patient remains asymptomatic and in full working activity.

Abdo, Farret Neto; Liana Berucia Freire de, Oliveira; Guilherme Tarso de Andrade, Alves; George Anderson da Penha, Andrade; Eduardo Dantas Baptista de, Faria.

227

Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair - open  

Science.gov (United States)

... Study Group. Long-term outcome of open or endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm. N Engl J Med ; 2010:362:1881- ... Powell JT, Thompson SG, Epstein D, Sculpher MJ. Endovascular versus open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm. N Engl J Med ; 2010;362:1863- ...

228

Automatic pose initialization for accurate 2D/3D registration applied to abdominal aortic aneurysm endovascular repair  

Science.gov (United States)

Minimally invasive abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) stenting can be greatly facilitated by overlaying the preoperative 3-D model of the abdominal aorta onto the intra-operative 2-D X-ray images. Accurate 2-D/3-D registration in 3-D space makes the 2-D/3-D overlay robust to the change of C-Arm angulations. By far, the 2-D/3-D registration methods based on simulated X-ray projection images using multiple image planes have been shown to be able to provide satisfactory 3-D registration accuracy. However, one drawback of the intensity-based 2-D/3-D registration methods is that the similarity measure is usually highly non-convex and hence the optimizer can easily be trapped into local minima. User interaction therefore is often needed in the initialization of the position of the 3-D model in order to get a successful 2-D/3-D registration. In this paper, a novel 3-D pose initialization technique is proposed, as an extension of our previously proposed bi-plane 2-D/3-D registration method for AAA intervention [4]. The proposed method detects vessel bifurcation points and spine centerline in both 2-D and 3-D images, and utilizes landmark information to bring the 3-D volume into a 15mm capture range. The proposed landmark detection method was validated on real dataset, and is shown to be able to provide a good initialization for 2-D/3-D registration in [4], thus making the workflow fully automatic.

Miao, Shun; Lucas, Joseph; Liao, Rui

2012-02-01

229

Health Related Quality of Life after Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm with Open and Endovascular Techniques—A Two-Year Follow Up  

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Full Text Available Background: Patients with Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm can be treated with two different surgical methods: Open repair (OR or Endovascular Aortic Repair (EVAR. These two different treatments can probably result in different sense of Health related Quality of life, both in a short term and a long term perspective. The purpose of this prospective study was to examine patients’ Health related Quality of life after surgical treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm over two years using different instruments for the observations. Methods: Patients were invited consecutively to answer questionnaires before operation, and 1, 12 and 24 months after surgery. The study was conducted by using the Health related Quality of life questionnaires Short Form (SF-36 and Nottingham Health Profile (NHP. 76 patient (40 in the OR and 36 in the EVAR group participated in the study. The mean age in the OR group were 68 years, range 52 - 80 and in the EVAR group 75 years, range 65 - 85. The results from these two groups of patients were compared to a matched reference group. Results: Patients treated with EVAR rated their Health related Quality of life significantly lower in the domain of Mental Health and Mental Component Score in relation to a matched reference population before surgery. This difference was not present two years after intervention. After one month Health related qualities of life were worse for the OR group. After two years significant improvements in relation to baseline were observed only among patients in the OR group. No such long-term benefits were seen in the EVAR group. Conclusions: As the component mental health seemed to be impaired for these study group before surgery in relation to the matched reference group, nursing and doctors care actions may be of importance during the pre-operative phase. In the short perspective Health related Quality of life is worse for OR patients than the EVAR group but in the long term perspective improvements beyond preoperative status can only be seen with OR patients.

Monica Pettersson

2012-09-01

230

Fatores envolvidos na migração das endopróteses em pacientes submetidos ao tratamento endovascular do aneurisma da aorta abdominal / Factors involved in the migration of endoprosthesis in patients undergoing endovascular aneurysm repair  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A migração da endoprótese é complicação do tratamento endovascular definida como deslocamento da ancoragem inicial. Para avaliação da migração, verifica-se a posição da endoprótese em relação a determinada região anatômica. Considerando o aneurisma da aorta abdominal infrarrenal, a área proximal de [...] referência consiste na origem da artéria renal mais baixa e, na região distal, situa-se nas artérias ilíacas internas. Os pacientes deverão ser monitorizados por longos períodos, a fim de serem identificadas migrações, visto que estas ocorrem normalmente após 2 anos de implante. Para evitar migrações, forças mecânicas que propiciam fixação, determinadas por características dos dispositivos e incorporação da endoprótese, devem predominar sobre forças gravitacionais e hemodinâmicas que tendem a arrastar a prótese no sentido caudal. Angulação, extensão e diâmetro do colo, além da medida transversa do saco aneurismático, são importantes aspectos morfológicos do aneurisma relacionados à migração. Com relação à técnica, não se recomenda implante de endopróteses com sobredimensionamento excessivo (> 30%), por provocar dilatação do colo do aneurisma, além de dobras e vazamentos proximais que também contribuem para a migração. Por outro lado, endopróteses com mecanismos adicionais de fixação (ganchos, farpas e fixação suprarrenal) parecem apresentar menos migrações. O processo de incorporação das endopróteses ocorre parcialmente e parece não ser suficiente para impedir migrações tardias. Nesse sentido, estudos experimentais com endopróteses de maior porosidade e uso de substâncias que permitam maior fibroplasia e aderência da prótese à artéria vêm sendo realizados e parecem ser promissores. Esses aspectos serão discutidos nesta revisão. Abstract in english Migration of the endoprosthesis is defined as the misplacement of its initial fixation. To assess the migration, the position of the endoprosthesis regarding a certain anatomic region is verified. Considering the aneurysm of the infrarenal abdominal aorta, the proximal area of reference is the origi [...] n of the lowest renal artery and, at the distal region, it is located next to the internal iliac arteries. Patients should be monitored for long periods so that migrations can be identified; these migrations usually occur 2 years after the implantation. To avoid migrations, mechanical forces that enable fixation and that are determined by the characteristics of the devices and by the incorporation of the endoprosthesis should predominate over gravitational and hemodynamic forces, which tend to drag the prosthesis toward to caudal direction. Angulation, extension, and diameter of the neck, and transversal measure of the aneurysmatic sac are important morphological aspects related to migration. In relation to the technique, endoprosthesis implantation with excessive oversizing (> 30%) is not recommended because it leads to aortic neck dilatation, folds and proximal leakage that also contribute to migration. On the other hand, endoprosthesis with additional fixation devices (hooks, barbs and suprarenal fixation) seem to be less associated with migration. The process of endoprosthesis incorporation is partial and does not seem to be enough to prevent later migrations. In this sense, experimental studies with endoprosthesis of higher porosity, as well as the use of substances that allow higher fibroplasia and adherence of the prosthesis to the artery, have been conducted and are promising. Such aspects are discussed in the present review of the literature.

Marcelo José de, Almeida; Winston Bonetti, Yoshida; Ludvig, Hafner; Juliana Henrique dos, Santos; Bruno Felipe, Souza; Flávia Fagundes, Bueno; Janaína Lopes, Evangelista; Lucas José Vaz, Schiavão.

231

Disección de aorta: Aspectos básicos y manejo endovascular Aortic dissection: Basic aspects and endovascular management  

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Full Text Available El tratamiento de la patología aórtica torácica se complica por la asociación con una alta mortalidad en la reparación quirúrgica, y al mismo tiempo fragilidad y gran comorbilidad en los adultos de edad avanzada. En la búsqueda por reducir la incidencia de resultados negativos, en la década pasada se introdujo la técnica de intervención por la vía de la mínima invasión, con la colocación de dispositivos del tipo stent vía endovascular. La técnica, originalmente descrita por Parodi e inicialmente diseñada para uso en la corrección de aneurismas de aorta abdominal, ha sido adoptada para el uso en la patología aórtica torácica. El mejoramiento en el entendimiento de la fisiopatología y la historia natural de la enfermedad de la aorta torácica y el análisis de los resultados, han facilitado la toma de decisiones en cuanto al tratamiento en términos del tiempo de la intervención apropiada. El tratamiento de la disección de la aorta torácica con el uso de stent endovascular, es uno de los más recientes avances en el tratamiento y hoy recibe una atención especial, al punto que es una alternativa menos invasiva; incluso la tecnología está apenas en sus primeras etapas y en los últimos años se han mejorado significativamente el diseño y el sistema de liberación de estos dispositivos endovasculares conocidos como stent-grafts. Estas prótesis se utilizan de forma creciente en el tratamiento de aneurismas, disecciones, rupturas traumáticas, úlceras penetradas gigantes y hematomas intramurales de la aorta torácica descendente, con buenos resultados tanto tempranos como a mediano plazo. La poca frecuencia, la alta complejidad y la severidad de la patología, y al mismo tiempo el alto riesgo teórico de las complicaciones que se pueden generar, deben mantener cauto al operador, especialmente cuando esta técnica se aplica en pacientes jóvenes. De manera conceptual la solución por la vía endoluminal en las fases agudas, probablemente llegue a ser la terapia preferida, aunque la técnica todavía está en proceso de refinamiento. A nivel mundial la experiencia viene en crecimiento y hoy se entienden mejor las indicaciones y las limitaciones de esta terapia innovadora. En este artículo se hace una revisión general sobre el diagnóstico clínico y el manejo de la disección aórtica y sus variantes: el hematoma intramural y la úlcera aórtica aterosclerótica.Treatment of thoracic aortic pathology is complicated by the morbidity associated to the surgical procedure and to the frailty of an elderly and difficult population. Surgical operation in this kind of population frequently bears a significant incidence of death and long term disability. In an effort to reduce the incidence of negative outcomes, minimally invasive techniques in the form of endovascular stenting have been introduced during the past decade. The technology, originally described by Parodi, and initially designed for its use in abdominal aortic aneurysms, has been adapted for the treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms. Furthermore, an improved understanding of the pathophysiology and the natural history of thoracic aortic disease as well as the analysis of the outcomes has facilitated our treatment decisions in terms of the timing for an appropriate intervention. Treatment of thoracic aortic dissection using endovascular stent is one of the more recent advances in this condition and is receiving increasing attention as it is a less invasive alternative to an open surgical repair. Although this technology is still innovative, significant improvements have been made lately in the design and deployment of the endovascular stent-grafts. These prostheses have been increasingly used to treat aneurysms, dissections and traumatic ruptures, as well as giant penetrating ulcers and intramural hematomas of the descending thoracic aorta with good early and mid-term outcomes. The rareness, complexity and severity of the pathology and the theoretically high risk of complications should render the surgeon extremely cautious

Nicolás I Jaramillo

2005-08-01

232

Disección de aorta: Aspectos básicos y manejo endovascular / Aortic dissection: Basic aspects and endovascular management  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El tratamiento de la patología aórtica torácica se complica por la asociación con una alta mortalidad en la reparación quirúrgica, y al mismo tiempo fragilidad y gran comorbilidad en los adultos de edad avanzada. En la búsqueda por reducir la incidencia de resultados negativos, en la década pasada s [...] e introdujo la técnica de intervención por la vía de la mínima invasión, con la colocación de dispositivos del tipo stent vía endovascular. La técnica, originalmente descrita por Parodi e inicialmente diseñada para uso en la corrección de aneurismas de aorta abdominal, ha sido adoptada para el uso en la patología aórtica torácica. El mejoramiento en el entendimiento de la fisiopatología y la historia natural de la enfermedad de la aorta torácica y el análisis de los resultados, han facilitado la toma de decisiones en cuanto al tratamiento en términos del tiempo de la intervención apropiada. El tratamiento de la disección de la aorta torácica con el uso de stent endovascular, es uno de los más recientes avances en el tratamiento y hoy recibe una atención especial, al punto que es una alternativa menos invasiva; incluso la tecnología está apenas en sus primeras etapas y en los últimos años se han mejorado significativamente el diseño y el sistema de liberación de estos dispositivos endovasculares conocidos como stent-grafts. Estas prótesis se utilizan de forma creciente en el tratamiento de aneurismas, disecciones, rupturas traumáticas, úlceras penetradas gigantes y hematomas intramurales de la aorta torácica descendente, con buenos resultados tanto tempranos como a mediano plazo. La poca frecuencia, la alta complejidad y la severidad de la patología, y al mismo tiempo el alto riesgo teórico de las complicaciones que se pueden generar, deben mantener cauto al operador, especialmente cuando esta técnica se aplica en pacientes jóvenes. De manera conceptual la solución por la vía endoluminal en las fases agudas, probablemente llegue a ser la terapia preferida, aunque la técnica todavía está en proceso de refinamiento. A nivel mundial la experiencia viene en crecimiento y hoy se entienden mejor las indicaciones y las limitaciones de esta terapia innovadora. En este artículo se hace una revisión general sobre el diagnóstico clínico y el manejo de la disección aórtica y sus variantes: el hematoma intramural y la úlcera aórtica aterosclerótica. Abstract in english Treatment of thoracic aortic pathology is complicated by the morbidity associated to the surgical procedure and to the frailty of an elderly and difficult population. Surgical operation in this kind of population frequently bears a significant incidence of death and long term disability. In an effor [...] t to reduce the incidence of negative outcomes, minimally invasive techniques in the form of endovascular stenting have been introduced during the past decade. The technology, originally described by Parodi, and initially designed for its use in abdominal aortic aneurysms, has been adapted for the treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms. Furthermore, an improved understanding of the pathophysiology and the natural history of thoracic aortic disease as well as the analysis of the outcomes has facilitated our treatment decisions in terms of the timing for an appropriate intervention. Treatment of thoracic aortic dissection using endovascular stent is one of the more recent advances in this condition and is receiving increasing attention as it is a less invasive alternative to an open surgical repair. Although this technology is still innovative, significant improvements have been made lately in the design and deployment of the endovascular stent-grafts. These prostheses have been increasingly used to treat aneurysms, dissections and traumatic ruptures, as well as giant penetrating ulcers and intramural hematomas of the descending thoracic aorta with good early and mid-term outcomes. The rareness, complexity and severity of the pathology an

Nicolás I, Jaramillo; Carlos L, Alviar.

233

Evaluation of the proximal aortic neck enlargement following endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm: 3-years experience  

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The aim of this study was to evaluate incidence, potential risk factors and effects on stent-graft migration of proximal neck dilatation after endoluminal repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR), and the role of ultrasound (US) in detecting neck enlargement. From November 1998 to October 2001, 90 patients underwent EVAR. On follow-up, US and CT angiography (CTA) were performed, and diameters of the suprarenal and infrarenal aortic necks were monitored. Incidence of significant neck enlargement ({>=}2.5 mm) and distal stent-graft migration (>10 mm) was calculated. Several factors were evaluated as predictive of neck enlargement. Ultrasound and CTA measurements were compared. The US and CTA examinations were available in 68, 39, and 11 patients at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up (mean follow-up 15 months). Incidence of significant neck dilatation was 21.8% at the infrarenal level (13, 33, and 36% at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up) and 13.8% at the suprarenal level (9, 18, and 27% at 1, 2, and 3 years follow-up). Significant stent-graft migration occurred in 14 of 87 patients (16%) and was associated with neck dilatation in 8 (2 suprarenal and 6 infrarenal). No risk factors were identified. Ultrasound was less accurate than CT in measuring neck diameter, in particular at the suprarenal level. Proximal aortic neck enlargement occurs in up to 30% of patients after EVAR and represents the main risk factor for stent-graft migration. The risk of infrarenal neck dilatation is higher at 2 years follow-up, whereas the suprarenal neck enlarges later. Ultrasound is not useful in monitoring neck diameter. (orig.)

Napoli, Vinicio; Bargellini, Irene; Petruzzi, Pasquale; Cioni, Roberto; Vignali, Claudio; Bartolozzi, Carlo [Division of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Department of Oncology, Transplants and Advanced Technologies in Medicine, University of Pisa, Via Roma 67, 56126, Pisa (Italy); Sardella, Savino G.; Ferrari, Mauro [Division of Vascular Surgery, Cisanello Hospital, Pisa (Italy)

2003-08-01

234

Fluid-structure interaction of a patient-specific abdominal aortic aneurysm treated with an endovascular stent-graft.  

LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

BACKGROUND: Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) are local dilatations of the infrarenal aorta. If left untreated they may rupture and lead to death. One form of treatment is the minimally invasive insertion of a stent-graft into the aneurysm. Despite this effective treatment aneurysms may occasionally continue to expand and this may eventually result in post-operative rupture of the aneurysm. Fluid-structure interaction (FSI) is a particularly useful tool for investigating aneurysm biomechanics as both the wall stresses and fluid forces can be examined. METHODS: Pre-op, Post-op and Follow-up models were reconstructed from CT scans of a single patient and FSI simulations were performed on each model. The FSI approach involved coupling Abaqus and Fluent via a third-party software - MpCCI. Aneurysm wall stress and compliance were investigated as well as the drag force acting on the stent-graft. RESULTS: Aneurysm wall stress was reduced from 0.38 MPa before surgery to a value of 0.03 MPa after insertion of the stent-graft. Higher stresses were seen in the aneurysm neck and iliac legs post-operatively. The compliance of the aneurysm was also reduced post-operatively. The peak Post-op axial drag force was found to be 4.85 N. This increased to 6.37 N in the Follow-up model. CONCLUSION: In a patient-specific case peak aneurysm wall stress was reduced by 92%. Such a reduction in aneurysm wall stress may lead to shrinkage of the aneurysm over time. Hence, post-operative stress patterns may help in determining the likelihood of aneurysm shrinkage post EVAR. Post-operative remodelling of the aneurysm may lead to increased drag forces.

Molony, David S

2009-01-01

235

Morbidity and mortality in the early postoperative course following elective reconstruction of abdominal aorta aneurysm using endovascular and open surgical techniques  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Backgroud/Aim. Surgical treatment is the only method of abdominal aorta aneurysm (AAA treatment. According to data of the available literature, elective open, ie conservative, reconstruction (OR is followed by 3%-5% mortality, as well as by numerous comorbide conditions inside the early postoperative course (the first 30 days after the surgery that occur in 20%-30% of the operated on. The aim of the study was to present preliminar results of a comparative clinical retrospective study of early postoperative morbidity and mortality in AAA reconstruction using endovascular (EVAR and open surgical techniques. Method. This comparative clinical retrospective study included 59 patients, electively operated on for AAA within the period January 2008 - March 2009, divided into two groups. The group I counted 29 (49% of the patients who had been submitted to EVAR by the use of Excluder stent. The group II consisted of 30 (51% of the patients operated on using OR. All of the patients were males, 50-87 years old (mean 67.6 year in the group I, and 54-86 years (mean 68.3 years in the group II. All tha patients had AAA larger than 50 mm, in the group I 50-105 mm (mean 68 mm, and in the group II 50-84 mm (mean 65 mm. Preoperative comorbide conditions of any patients were similar (coronary disease, obstructive lung disease, chronical renal insufficiency. Patients operated on as emergency cases due to rupture or due to symptomatic aneurysm (threthening rupture were excluded. The analysed parameters were the duration of surgical operation, intraoperative and operative blood substitution, postoperative morbidity, the duration of postoperative hospitalization, and hospital mortality. Results. The obtained results showed a statistically significantly shorter time taken by EVAR surgery (average 95 min, ranging 70-180 min as compared to OR surgery (average 167 min, ranging 90-300 min. They also showed statistically significantly less blood loss in the patients operated on by the use of EVAR surgery (average blood compensation 130 mL, ranging 0-1050 mL as compared to OR surgery (average blood compensation 570 mL, ranging 0-2.000 mL. Also, general complications as wound infection, no restoration of intestines peristalsis, febrility, proteinic and electolytic disbalance, lung and heart decompensation were statistically significantly less following EVAR than OR surgery. Postoperative hospitalization was also statistically significantly shorter after EVAR than after OR surgery (average 4.2 days, ranging 3-7 days; 10.6 days, ranging 8-35 days, respectively. Finally, within this 13- month study there was no mortality following EVAR surgery, while two patients died after OR surgery. Conclusion. In the patients with elective AAA reconstruction endovascular reconstruction is shown to be far more safer and minimally invasive procedure than open conventional aorta reconstruction.

Marjanovi? Ivan

2010-01-01

236

Tratamiento endovascular del aneurisma de aorta descendente en el adolescente con síndrome de Marfan: Reporte de un caso Endovascular treatment of an aneurysm of the descending aorta in an adolescent with Marfan syndrome  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se expone el caso de un adolescente de 14 años de edad, con síndrome de Marfan y antecedente de tres cirugías cardiovasculares previas: valvuloplastia aórtica y mitral a los cinco años y valvuloplastia aórtica y reconstrucción de la aorta torácica con tubo de pericardio bovino a sus diez años. En primer tiempo quirúrgico se realizó reemplazo valvular aórtico por válvula mecánica y valvuloplastia mitral y tricuspidea, y en segundo tiempo quirúrgico, durante la misma hospitalización, exclusión endovascular de aneurisma de aorta descendente asintomático sin complicaciones. Antes del egreso se diagnosticó una endofuga tipo II que se manejó con observación clínica. Luego de un año del procedimiento, los controles clínico y tomográfico son satisfactorios.We describe the case of a 14-year-old adolescent with Marfan syndrome and a history of three previous cardiovascular surgeries: aortic and mitral valve replacement at the age of 5 and aortic valve replacement and reconstruction of the thoracic aorta with a tube of bovine pericardium at the age of ten. In the first surgical procedure the aortic valve was replaced by a mechanical valve, and mitral and tricuspid valvuloplasty was performed. In a second surgical procedure during the same hospitalization, endovascular exclusion of the asymptomatic descending aortic aneurysm was realized without complications. Before discharge, a type II endoleak was diagnosed and managed through clinical observation. After a year of the procedure, clinical and tomographic controls are satisfactory.

Juan G Barrera

2012-01-01

237

Tratamiento endovascular del aneurisma de aorta descendente en el adolescente con síndrome de Marfan: Reporte de un caso / Endovascular treatment of an aneurysm of the descending aorta in an adolescent with Marfan syndrome  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Se expone el caso de un adolescente de 14 años de edad, con síndrome de Marfan y antecedente de tres cirugías cardiovasculares previas: valvuloplastia aórtica y mitral a los cinco años y valvuloplastia aórtica y reconstrucción de la aorta torácica con tubo de pericardio bovino a sus diez años. En pr [...] imer tiempo quirúrgico se realizó reemplazo valvular aórtico por válvula mecánica y valvuloplastia mitral y tricuspidea, y en segundo tiempo quirúrgico, durante la misma hospitalización, exclusión endovascular de aneurisma de aorta descendente asintomático sin complicaciones. Antes del egreso se diagnosticó una endofuga tipo II que se manejó con observación clínica. Luego de un año del procedimiento, los controles clínico y tomográfico son satisfactorios. Abstract in english We describe the case of a 14-year-old adolescent with Marfan syndrome and a history of three previous cardiovascular surgeries: aortic and mitral valve replacement at the age of 5 and aortic valve replacement and reconstruction of the thoracic aorta with a tube of bovine pericardium at the age of te [...] n. In the first surgical procedure the aortic valve was replaced by a mechanical valve, and mitral and tricuspid valvuloplasty was performed. In a second surgical procedure during the same hospitalization, endovascular exclusion of the asymptomatic descending aortic aneurysm was realized without complications. Before discharge, a type II endoleak was diagnosed and managed through clinical observation. After a year of the procedure, clinical and tomographic controls are satisfactory.

Juan G, Barrera; Camilo, Espinel; Jaime, Amarillo; Víctor R, Castillo; Antonio, Figueredo; Javier, Gentile; Walter, Mosquera; Sebastián, Balestrini; Leonardo, Salazar; Adriana S, Murcia.

238

Endovascular repair of aortic aneurysm: Preliminary results  

Digital Repository Infrastructure Vision for European Research (DRIVER)

Introduction. Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has been introduced into clinical practice at the beginning of the 90's of the last century. Because of economic, political and social problems during the last 25 years, the introduction of this procedure in Serbia was not possible. Objective. The aim of this study was to present preliminary experiences and results of the Clinic for Vascular Surgery of the Serbian Clinical Centre in Belgrade in endovascular treatment of thoracic and abdominal ...

Davidovi? Lazar; ?oli? Mom?ilo; Kon?ar Igor; Markovi? Dejan; Kosti? Dušan; ?inara Ilijas; Cvetkovi? Slobodan

2009-01-01

239

Uso del pericardio porcino tratado con gluteraldehido en el tratamiento de los defectos de la pared abdominal: estudio experimental en ratas / Using porcine pericardio gluteraldehyde treated in the treatment of abdominal wall defects: an experimental study in rats  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: El tratamiento quirúrgico del onfalocele y gastrosquísis gigante, plantea un tratamiento complementario con parches protésicos sintéticos que son eliminados a los siete a doce días de haberse aplicado Objetivos: El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar la utilidad de un parche d [...] e pericardio porcino tratada con glutaraldehido 1%, aplicado quirúrgicamente sobre un defecto de la pared abdominal. Material y Métodos: El estudio de tipo experimental se llevó a cabo en el Servicio de Cirugía Experimental del Instituto Nacional de Salud del El pericardio porcino obtenido en forma estéril y fue tratado con gluteraldehido al 1 %. Los animales fueron anestesiados con una combinación de ketamina 50mg /kilo y Xilascina a razón de 12 mgs /kilo IM Atropina 0.2 mgs / Kilo IM. Usando una técnica quirúrgica aséptica. Se les resecó, de 1x 3 cms de pared, en la zona media del abdomen, aplicándoles luego un parche de pericardio 1,5 cm. por 3 cm. la cual, se fijó a los bordes del defecto. Resultados: Cuatro animales murieron y 26 sobrevivieron hasta los 30 días. Se observó Cierre de la herida en primera intención en 22 ratas (84,65 % ), integración del parche a la pared abdominal. Hubieron 4 evisceraciones (13,3 %) y 2 eventraciones (6,6 %) Conclusiones: El parche de porcino tratado con glutaraldehido al 1 %, ha tenido un efecto curativo de los efectos de la pared abdominal en ratas, caracterizado por cierre de la herida en primera intención, integración del parche a la pared abdominal y escasas complicaciones. Abstract in english Introduction: In the Surgical treatment of giant omphalocele and gastroschisis and recommended the complementary treatment with prosthetic synthetic patch in order to prevent the compartmental syndrome. But this prosthetic materials are get out seven a twelve days post surgery. Objectives: This stud [...] y has the goal to determinate the usefulness of a porcine pericardium treated with 1 % glutaraldehyde , surgically applied on a defect in the abdominal wall. Matrial and method: The study was carry on in Experimental Surgery Unit at the National Child Hospital , we've had 30 rats Holtzmann with weights between 200 and 300 grams. The porcine pericardium sterile obtained was treated with 1% glutaraldehyde. The animals were anesthesied with ketamine 50 mg/ kg and Xilascina 12 mgs/kg IM Atropine 0.2 mgs/Kilo IM. Using sterile surgical technical a rectangular area of 3 x 1 centimeter of the abdominal wall was resected. A similar patch of the porcine pericardium was fixed on the defect with vycril5 (0). Later the skin was sutured on the pericardium..The rats remain lives during 30 days. Results: We had 4 animals death for due evisceration 26 rats survived. In 22 animals, the chirurgical wound was close in first intention 100 % of live animals was observed permanence of the pericardium and the integration of the patch to the abdominal wall. Conclusion: The porcine pericardical patch was curative effect on the abdominal wall defect of the experimental animals. With some mild complications.

Mario Marcelino, More Flores; Edith, Paz Carrillo; Flor Ángel, Cruz Chávez.

240

Uso del pericardio porcino tratado con gluteraldehido en el tratamiento de los defectos de la pared abdominal: estudio experimental en ratas / Using porcine pericardio gluteraldehyde treated in the treatment of abdominal wall defects: an experimental study in rats  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Peru | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción: El tratamiento quirúrgico del onfalocele y gastrosquísis gigante, plantea un tratamiento complementario con parches protésicos sintéticos que son eliminados a los siete a doce días de haberse aplicado Objetivos: El objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar la utilidad de un parche d [...] e pericardio porcino tratada con glutaraldehido 1%, aplicado quirúrgicamente sobre un defecto de la pared abdominal. Material y Métodos: El estudio de tipo experimental se llevó a cabo en el Servicio de Cirugía Experimental del Instituto Nacional de Salud del El pericardio porcino obtenido en forma estéril y fue tratado con gluteraldehido al 1 %. Los animales fueron anestesiados con una combinación de ketamina 50mg /kilo y Xilascina a razón de 12 mgs /kilo IM Atropina 0.2 mgs / Kilo IM. Usando una técnica quirúrgica aséptica. Se les resecó, de 1x 3 cms de pared, en la zona media del abdomen, aplicándoles luego un parche de pericardio 1,5 cm. por 3 cm. la cual, se fijó a los bordes del defecto. Resultados: Cuatro animales murieron y 26 sobrevivieron hasta los 30 días. Se observó Cierre de la herida en primera intención en 22 ratas (84,65 % ), integración del parche a la pared abdominal. Hubieron 4 evisceraciones (13,3 %) y 2 eventraciones (6,6 %) Conclusiones: El parche de porcino tratado con glutaraldehido al 1 %, ha tenido un efecto curativo de los efectos de la pared abdominal en ratas, caracterizado por cierre de la herida en primera intención, integración del parche a la pared abdominal y escasas complicaciones. Abstract in english Introduction: In the Surgical treatment of giant omphalocele and gastroschisis and recommended the complementary treatment with prosthetic synthetic patch in order to prevent the compartmental syndrome. But this prosthetic materials are get out seven a twelve days post surgery. Objectives: This stud [...] y has the goal to determinate the usefulness of a porcine pericardium treated with 1 % glutaraldehyde , surgically applied on a defect in the abdominal wall. Matrial and method: The study was carry on in Experimental Surgery Unit at the National Child Hospital , we've had 30 rats Holtzmann with weights between 200 and 300 grams. The porcine pericardium sterile obtained was treated with 1% glutaraldehyde. The animals were anesthesied with ketamine 50 mg/ kg and Xilascina 12 mgs/kg IM Atropine 0.2 mgs/Kilo IM. Using sterile surgical technical a rectangular area of 3 x 1 centimeter of the abdominal wall was resected. A similar patch of the porcine pericardium was fixed on the defect with vycril5 (0). Later the skin was sutured on the pericardium..The rats remain lives during 30 days. Results: We had 4 animals death for due evisceration 26 rats survived. In 22 animals, the chirurgical wound was close in first intention 100 % of live animals was observed permanence of the pericardium and the integration of the patch to the abdominal wall. Conclusion: The porcine pericardical patch was curative effect on the abdominal wall defect of the experimental animals. With some mild complications.

Mario Marcelino, More Flores; Edith, Paz Carrillo; Flor Ángel, Cruz Chávez.

2013-10-01

 
 
 
 
241

Resultados del tratamiento endovascular de la patología carotídea en el Hospital San Juan de Dios de Enero 2007 a Febrero 2010 / Results of endovascular management of carotid disease at San Juan de Dios Hospital from January 2007 to February 2010  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Costa Rica | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Justificación y objetivo: Determinar la morbi-mortalidad de los pacientes con enfermedad carotídea tratados por medio de stent en el Hospital San Juan de Dios, Costa Rica; de Enero 2007 a Febrero 2010. Métodos: Se realizó un registro retrospectivo observacional de los pacientes con Enfermedad Carotí [...] dea durante 13 meses en nuestro instituto. Basado en la información obtenida de los expedientes clínicos, dos subgrupos fueron identificados: pacientes sintomáticos y asintomáticos. Los factores de riesgo, escala ABCD2, territorio cerebral afectado, medidas de severidad de lesión no-invasiva e invasivas, tamaño de stents y finalmente complicaciones peri-operatorias, fueron investigadas y evaluadas. Resultados: 76 pacientes fueron identificados en nuestra serie, 87% (n=66/76) sintomáticos y 13% (n=10/76) asintomáticos. La Hipertensión Arterial fue el factor de riesgo más frecuente, seguido por el tabaquismo. Se evidenció una sub-estimación de la severidad de la lesión en los ultrasonidos diagnósticos en 24% (n=18/76) de los pacientes. Durante el procedimiento, se documentó predilatación de la lesión en 55% (n=42/76) de los pacientes y los stents más frecuentemente utilizados fueron de 7x30mm y 8x30mm representando un 47% (n=36/76) de los casos. La morbilidad neurológica de los pacientes asintomáticos fue del 0% y en el subgrupo de pacientes sintomáticos fue del 3% (2/66). Conclusión: La terapia endovascular demostró ser una técnica segura y efectiva para la revascularización carotídea. Series más numerosas de pacientes deberían ser investigadas para adquirir mayor significancia estadística. Abstract in english Background and aim: To determine the morbi-mortality of patients treated with endovascular stenting for Carotid Artery disease at San Juan de Dios Hospital, Costa Rica; from January 2007 to February 2010. Methods: A retrospective observational registry of patients treated with Carotid Artery endovas [...] cular stenting was maintained at our institution over 13 months. Based on the information acquired from medical records, two subgroups were identified: symptomatic and asymptomatic. Some aspects were researched and evaluated such as risk factors, ABCD scale, affected cerebral territory, invasive and non-invasive lesion measurements, stent sizing and finally peri-operatory complications. Results: 76 patients were identified in this series, 87% (n=66/76) symptomatic and 13% (n=10/76) asymptomatic. The most frequent risk factor was hypertension, followed by smoking. Underestimation by ultrasound of lesion severity was found in up to 24% (n=18/76) of patients. Predilatation was done in 55% (n=42/76) and most frequent stent sizes identified were 7x30mm or 8x30mm in 47% (n=36/76) of patients. Neurologic morbidity of asymtomatic patients was 0%, and in the symptomatic group was a 3% (2/66) Conclusion: Endovascular therapy demonstrated to be a safe and effective as a revascularization technique; however larger patient series should be investigated for grater statistical significance.

Christian, Fonseca-Bolaños; Miguel, Montero-Baker; Johana, Vásquez-Céspedes; Róger, Jiménez-Juárez; Luis, Morelli-Guillen.

242

Combined spinal and epidural anesthesia for open abdominal aortic aneurysm surgery in vigil patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ineligible for endovascular aneurysm repair. Analysis of results and description of the technique.  

Science.gov (United States)

This study evaluated the feasibility of open infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) surgery under peridural and spinal anesthesia (vigil patient) alone in high-risk patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) ineligible for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) or open surgery in general anesthesia. Between January 2005 and July 2007, seven patients underwent open AAA surgery with combined spinal and epidural anesthesia ([CSEA] without intubation) alone. Regional abdominal anesthesia was established by spinal anesthesia at L2-3 (levobupivacaine plus fentanyl) associated with peridural anesthesia at T7-8 (levobupivacaine). In this series (6 males and 1 female) the average age was 76.5 years (70-87); the AAA measured 7 cm in diameter on average (range 6-12.2). The survival rate was 100% (7/7 patients) at 6-12 months postoperative; no morbidities occurred during the postoperative phase. Owing to the small size of the series, no statistically significant conclusions can be drawn; even so, repair surgery was found to be effective, without the occurrence of morbidities or mortalities. In high-risk patients (severe COPD), open surgical repair of infrarenal AAA may be done with CSEA alone without intubation when, because of the patient's health, general anesthesia would pose too high a risk or when EVAR is unfeasible. Furthermore, the authors believe that surgical AAA repair under CSEA in vigil patients is a valid treatment option in those subjects with a high operative risk (severe COPD) and untreatable by either open AAA surgery under general anesthesia or EVAR. PMID:20502417

Berardi, G; Ferrero, E; Fadde, M; Lojacono, N; Ferri, M; Viazzo, A; Gaggiano, A; Bianchi, A; Maggio, D; Ganzaroli, M; Piazza, S; Cumbo, P; Lamorgese, V; Verdecchia, C; Nessi, F

2010-06-01

243

Innovador tratamiento de heridas abdominales complejas mediante terapia de presión negativa con instilación intermitente / Novel treatment of complex abdominal wounds with negative pressure therapy with intermittent instillation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Describimos nuestra experiencia en el tratamiento de heridas abdominales postquirúrgicas dehiscentes y contaminadas con exposición de material protésico, mediante terapia de presión negativa con instilación intermitente de soluciones tópicas. Este dispositivo nos permitió el rescate de pacientes plu [...] ripatológicos evitando una reintervención compleja de alta morbi-mortalidad y facilitando el cierre de la herida, además con conservación de la malla en la mayor parte de los casos. Abstract in english The present data reports our experience in the treatment of postsurgical dehiscent and infected abdominal wounds with exposure of prosthetic material with negative pressure therapy with intermittent instillation of topical solutions. This device allowed the rescue of pluripatological patients avoidi [...] ng a complex resurgery of high morbi-mortality and facilitating wound closure, besides with conservation of the mesh in most of the cases.

A., García-Ruano; S., García-Fernández; S., Mahedero-Navarrete; J. M., Lasso-Vázquez; R., Pérez-Cano.

2013-09-01

244

Innovador tratamiento de heridas abdominales complejas mediante terapia de presión negativa con instilación intermitente / Novel treatment of complex abdominal wounds with negative pressure therapy with intermittent instillation  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Describimos nuestra experiencia en el tratamiento de heridas abdominales postquirúrgicas dehiscentes y contaminadas con exposición de material protésico, mediante terapia de presión negativa con instilación intermitente de soluciones tópicas. Este dispositivo nos permitió el rescate de pacientes plu [...] ripatológicos evitando una reintervención compleja de alta morbi-mortalidad y facilitando el cierre de la herida, además con conservación de la malla en la mayor parte de los casos. Abstract in english The present data reports our experience in the treatment of postsurgical dehiscent and infected abdominal wounds with exposure of prosthetic material with negative pressure therapy with intermittent instillation of topical solutions. This device allowed the rescue of pluripatological patients avoidi [...] ng a complex resurgery of high morbi-mortality and facilitating wound closure, besides with conservation of the mesh in most of the cases.

A., García-Ruano; S., García-Fernández; S., Mahedero-Navarrete; J. M., Lasso-Vázquez; R., Pérez-Cano.

245

Existen ventajas en el abordaje extraperitoneal para el tratamiento del aneurisma de aorta abdominal? Are there advantages in the extraperitoneal approach for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm?  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Existen controversias acerca de las posibles ventajas del abordaje transperitoneal vs. extraperitoneal en la cirugía de aneurisma de aorta abdominal; con este último, algunos estudios reportan menor morbilidad y complicaciones operatorias. Este estudio describe los resultados que se obtuvieron con los dos abordajes en un solo centro de referencia. Es un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, de doce años, en un grupo de 299 pacientes con diagnóstico de aneurisma de aorta abdominal que fueron intervenidos de manera electiva y distribuidos en dos grupos según el abordaje (transperitoneal = grupo 1, extraperitoneal = grupo 2. En total se operaron 93 pacientes en el grupo 1 y 206 pacientes en el 2. En ambos predominaron pacientes del sexo masculino. La edad media fue de 68 años. Las frecuencias de co-morbilidades fueron similares en los dos grupos. Se registró una tendencia a menor número de reoperaciones en el grupo 2 (12,9% vs. 5,8%, De otra parte, se observó una tendencia de mayores complicaciones post-operatorias en el grupo 1 con una frecuencia de 30,1% vs. 12,6% en el grupo 2; sin embargo, el tipo de complicaciones fue similar. Los resultados mostraron una estancia hospitalaria media de 13,3 días (DE ± 10,4 vs. 7,19 días (DE ± 4,20 p= 0,00001, estancia post-operatoria media de 9,16 días (DE ± 8,1 vs. 5,62 días (DE ± 3,46 p= 0,001 y estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos media de 2,76 días (DE ± 4,19 vs. 1,56 días (DE ± 1,86 p= 0,00001 en los grupos 1 y 2 respectivamente. La mortalidad inmediata total fue de 3,3%. La frecuencia de mortalidad para los grupos fue de 6,5% (n= 6 vs. 1,9% (n= 4 respectivamente. En nuestra experiencia el abordaje por la vía extraperitoneal presenta una tendencia favorable para los pacientes en cuanto a la estancia hospitalaria, la estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, la frecuencia de complicaciones post-operatorias y la frecuencia de re-intervenciones en el post-operatorio inmediato. Debido al tamaño de la muestra no puede concluirse que hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en cuanto a la mortalidad; sin embargo se observó una tendencia a la reducción de la misma con el abordaje extraperitoneal.There are current controversies over the benefits of the extraperitoneal vs the transperitoneal approach for repairing an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Several studies report a reduction in morbidity and mortality with the former approach. This study reports the short term results using both approaches at one reference center. This is a 12 year, retrospective descriptive study of 299 patients who underwent an elective open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, distributed in two groups: transperitoneal approach group=1, extraperitoneal approach group=2. A total of 93 patients in group 1 and 206 in group 2 were intervened, mainly male patients with an median age of 68 years. The frequencies of co-morbidities were similar in both groups. There was a reduced tendency of reoperations in group 2 (12.9%vs 5.8%, and a greater tendency of postoperative complications in group 1 (30.1% vs 12.6%. However, the types complications were similar. The results show a median hospital stay of 13.3 days (SD+- 10,4 vs. 7.19 days (SD+- 4.20 p=0.00001, median post-operative stay of 9.16 days (SD-+ 8,1 vs. 5.62 days (SD+- 3,46 p= 0.001 and median intensive unit stay of 2.76 days (SD+-4.19 vs 1.56 days (SD+-1.86 p=0.00001 in group 1 y 2 respectively. Early global mortality was 3.3% with a distribution frequency of 6.5% (n=6 in group 1 and 1.9% (n=4 in group 2. In our experience, the extraperitoneal approach offers better results regarding hospital, postoperative and intensive care unit stay, as well as post-operative re-operation rates and complications. Because of the small sample size, the mortality difference was not statistically significant; however, we found an important tendency towards improved mortality rates with this approach.

Heinz Hiller

2010-02-01

246

Existen ventajas en el abordaje extraperitoneal para el tratamiento del aneurisma de aorta abdominal? / Are there advantages in the extraperitoneal approach for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Existen controversias acerca de las posibles ventajas del abordaje transperitoneal vs. extraperitoneal en la cirugía de aneurisma de aorta abdominal; con este último, algunos estudios reportan menor morbilidad y complicaciones operatorias. Este estudio describe los resultados que se obtuvieron con l [...] os dos abordajes en un solo centro de referencia. Es un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, de doce años, en un grupo de 299 pacientes con diagnóstico de aneurisma de aorta abdominal que fueron intervenidos de manera electiva y distribuidos en dos grupos según el abordaje (transperitoneal = grupo 1, extraperitoneal = grupo 2). En total se operaron 93 pacientes en el grupo 1 y 206 pacientes en el 2. En ambos predominaron pacientes del sexo masculino. La edad media fue de 68 años. Las frecuencias de co-morbilidades fueron similares en los dos grupos. Se registró una tendencia a menor número de reoperaciones en el grupo 2 (12,9% vs. 5,8%), De otra parte, se observó una tendencia de mayores complicaciones post-operatorias en el grupo 1 con una frecuencia de 30,1% vs. 12,6% en el grupo 2; sin embargo, el tipo de complicaciones fue similar. Los resultados mostraron una estancia hospitalaria media de 13,3 días (DE ± 10,4) vs. 7,19 días (DE ± 4,20) p= 0,00001, estancia post-operatoria media de 9,16 días (DE ± 8,1) vs. 5,62 días (DE ± 3,46) p= 0,001 y estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos media de 2,76 días (DE ± 4,19) vs. 1,56 días (DE ± 1,86) p= 0,00001 en los grupos 1 y 2 respectivamente. La mortalidad inmediata total fue de 3,3%. La frecuencia de mortalidad para los grupos fue de 6,5% (n= 6) vs. 1,9% (n= 4) respectivamente. En nuestra experiencia el abordaje por la vía extraperitoneal presenta una tendencia favorable para los pacientes en cuanto a la estancia hospitalaria, la estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, la frecuencia de complicaciones post-operatorias y la frecuencia de re-intervenciones en el post-operatorio inmediato. Debido al tamaño de la muestra no puede concluirse que hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en cuanto a la mortalidad; sin embargo se observó una tendencia a la reducción de la misma con el abordaje extraperitoneal. Abstract in english There are current controversies over the benefits of the extraperitoneal vs the transperitoneal approach for repairing an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Several studies report a reduction in morbidity and mortality with the former approach. This study reports the short term results using both [...] approaches at one reference center. This is a 12 year, retrospective descriptive study of 299 patients who underwent an elective open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, distributed in two groups: transperitoneal approach group=1, extraperitoneal approach group=2. A total of 93 patients in group 1 and 206 in group 2 were intervened, mainly male patients with an median age of 68 years. The frequencies of co-morbidities were similar in both groups. There was a reduced tendency of reoperations in group 2 (12.9%vs 5.8%), and a greater tendency of postoperative complications in group 1 (30.1% vs 12.6%). However, the types complications were similar. The results show a median hospital stay of 13.3 days (SD+- 10,4) vs. 7.19 days (SD+- 4.20) p=0.00001, median post-operative stay of 9.16 days (SD-+ 8,1) vs. 5.62 days (SD+- 3,46) p= 0.001 and median intensive unit stay of 2.76 days (SD+-4.19) vs 1.56 days (SD+-1.86) p=0.00001 in group 1 y 2 respectively. Early global mortality was 3.3% with a distribution frequency of 6.5% (n=6) in group 1 and 1.9% (n=4) in group 2. In our experience, the extraperitoneal approach offers better results regarding hospital, postoperative and intensive care unit stay, as well as post-operative re-operation rates and complications. Because of the small sample size, the mortality difference was not statistically significant; however, we found an important tendency towards improved mortality rates with this approach.

Heinz, Hiller; Jaime, Camacho; Julián, Moreno.

247

Existen ventajas en el abordaje extraperitoneal para el tratamiento del aneurisma de aorta abdominal? / Are there advantages in the extraperitoneal approach for the treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysm?  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Existen controversias acerca de las posibles ventajas del abordaje transperitoneal vs. extraperitoneal en la cirugía de aneurisma de aorta abdominal; con este último, algunos estudios reportan menor morbilidad y complicaciones operatorias. Este estudio describe los resultados que se obtuvieron con l [...] os dos abordajes en un solo centro de referencia. Es un estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, de doce años, en un grupo de 299 pacientes con diagnóstico de aneurisma de aorta abdominal que fueron intervenidos de manera electiva y distribuidos en dos grupos según el abordaje (transperitoneal = grupo 1, extraperitoneal = grupo 2). En total se operaron 93 pacientes en el grupo 1 y 206 pacientes en el 2. En ambos predominaron pacientes del sexo masculino. La edad media fue de 68 años. Las frecuencias de co-morbilidades fueron similares en los dos grupos. Se registró una tendencia a menor número de reoperaciones en el grupo 2 (12,9% vs. 5,8%), De otra parte, se observó una tendencia de mayores complicaciones post-operatorias en el grupo 1 con una frecuencia de 30,1% vs. 12,6% en el grupo 2; sin embargo, el tipo de complicaciones fue similar. Los resultados mostraron una estancia hospitalaria media de 13,3 días (DE ± 10,4) vs. 7,19 días (DE ± 4,20) p= 0,00001, estancia post-operatoria media de 9,16 días (DE ± 8,1) vs. 5,62 días (DE ± 3,46) p= 0,001 y estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos media de 2,76 días (DE ± 4,19) vs. 1,56 días (DE ± 1,86) p= 0,00001 en los grupos 1 y 2 respectivamente. La mortalidad inmediata total fue de 3,3%. La frecuencia de mortalidad para los grupos fue de 6,5% (n= 6) vs. 1,9% (n= 4) respectivamente. En nuestra experiencia el abordaje por la vía extraperitoneal presenta una tendencia favorable para los pacientes en cuanto a la estancia hospitalaria, la estancia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, la frecuencia de complicaciones post-operatorias y la frecuencia de re-intervenciones en el post-operatorio inmediato. Debido al tamaño de la muestra no puede concluirse que hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa en cuanto a la mortalidad; sin embargo se observó una tendencia a la reducción de la misma con el abordaje extraperitoneal. Abstract in english There are current controversies over the benefits of the extraperitoneal vs the transperitoneal approach for repairing an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. Several studies report a reduction in morbidity and mortality with the former approach. This study reports the short term results using both [...] approaches at one reference center. This is a 12 year, retrospective descriptive study of 299 patients who underwent an elective open repair of an abdominal aortic aneurysm, distributed in two groups: transperitoneal approach group=1, extraperitoneal approach group=2. A total of 93 patients in group 1 and 206 in group 2 were intervened, mainly male patients with an median age of 68 years. The frequencies of co-morbidities were similar in both groups. There was a reduced tendency of reoperations in group 2 (12.9%vs 5.8%), and a greater tendency of postoperative complications in group 1 (30.1% vs 12.6%). However, the types complications were similar. The results show a median hospital stay of 13.3 days (SD+- 10,4) vs. 7.19 days (SD+- 4.20) p=0.00001, median post-operative stay of 9.16 days (SD-+ 8,1) vs. 5.62 days (SD+- 3,46) p= 0.001 and median intensive unit stay of 2.76 days (SD+-4.19) vs 1.56 days (SD+-1.86) p=0.00001 in group 1 y 2 respectively. Early global mortality was 3.3% with a distribution frequency of 6.5% (n=6) in group 1 and 1.9% (n=4) in group 2. In our experience, the extraperitoneal approach offers better results regarding hospital, postoperative and intensive care unit stay, as well as post-operative re-operation rates and complications. Because of the small sample size, the mortality difference was not statistically significant; however, we found an important tendency towards improved mortality rates with this approach.

Heinz, Hiller; Jaime, Camacho; Julián, Moreno.

2010-02-01

248

Laparoscopia versus laparotomía paraprepucial en el tratamiento de criptorquidismo abdominal en caninos / Laparoscopy versus parapreputial laparotomy for the treatment of abdominal cryptorchidism in dogs / Laparoscopia versus laparotomía paraprepucial no tratamento de criptorquidismo abdominal em caninos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Resumo Objetivo: determinar diferenças no tempo de cirurgia, dor e complicações entre criptorquidectomia por laparoscopia (CL) e criptorquidectomia por laparotomía média ventral (CLMV) em caninos com criptorquidismo unilateral abdominal. Materiais e métodos: utilizaram-se 11 pacientes, com peso médi [...] o de 20 ± 9,6 kg e idade promedio de 21 ± 12,8 meses, distribuídos em grupos de seis e cinco animais para realizar lhes CL e CLMV respectivamente. Mediou-se o tempo quirurgico total, o tempo de extração do testículo abdominal e o escrotal. A avaliação da dor realizou-se as 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12 e 24 horas após cirurgia, utilizando uma escada de referencia da Universidade de Melbourne (UMPS). As complicações foram monitoradas ate às 24 horas mediante valoração clinica e ultrassonografia. Resultados: a criptorquidia foi mais comum em raças puras e afetou principalmente o testículo esquerdo. O tempo de cirurgia foi significativamente menor usando CLMV para extrair o testículo abdominal. Na avaliação qualitativa da dor, todos os pacientes apresentaram nível leve, exceto um paciente do grupo CLMV que apresentou muita dor. Encontrou-se uma diferença significativa (P Abstract in spanish Resumen Objetivo: determinar diferencias en tiempo de cirugía, dolor y complicaciones entre criptorquidectomía por laparoscopia (CL) y criptorquidectomía por laparotomía medio ventral (CLMV) en caninos con criptorquidismo unilateral abdominal. Materiales y métodos: se utilizaron 11 pacientes, con pe [...] so promedio de 20 ± 9.6 kg y edad promedio de 21 ± 12.8 meses, distribuidos en grupos de 6 y 5 animales para realizarles CL y CLMV respectivamente. Se midió el tiempo quirúrgico total, el tiempo de extracción del testículo abdominal y el escrotal. La evaluación del dolor se realizó a las 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12 y 24 horas poscirugía, usando la escala de la Universidad de Melbourne (UMPS). Las complicaciones se monitorearon hasta 24 horas mediante valoración clínica y ultrasonografía. Resultados: la criptorquidia fue más común en razas puras y afectó principalmente el testículo derecho. El tiempo de cirugía fue significativamente menor usando CLMV para extraer el testículo abdominal. En la evaluación cualitativa del dolor, todos los pacientes presentaron nivel leve, excepto un paciente del grupo CLMV que presentó mayor dolor. Se encontró una diferencia estadística significativa a favor del grupo CL en la valoración del dolor a las 2 horas posquirúrgicas. Se detectó una complicación en un paciente del grupo CL a las 4 horas y tuvo que ser reintervenido. Conclusiones: ambos procedimientos produjeron dolor leve con diferencias estadísticamente significativas solo a las 2 horas. Se requirió menor tiempo de cirugía para la extracción del testículo abdominal realizando CLMV. La hemorragia posquirúrgica es una complicación a tener en cuenta al realizar CL. Abstract in english Abstract Objective: to determine differences in the length of time of surgery, pain, and complications between laparoscopic cryptorchidectomy (CL) and cryptorchidectomy through mid-ventral laparotomy (CLMV) in dogs suffering from unilateral abdominal cryptorchidism. Materials and methods: 11 patient [...] s were used. The average weight of the dogs was 20 ± 9.6 kg, and the average age was 21 ± 12.8 months. Six and five dogs were assigned to CL and CLMV, respectively. Total surgery time and extraction time of abdominal and scrotal testis were measured. Pain evaluation was performed at 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 hours after surgery using the pain scale developed by the University of Melbourne (UMPS). Complications were monitored during 24 hours by clinical assessment and ultrasonography. Results: cryptorchidism was more common in pure breeds and it affected mainly the right testicle. The operating time to remove the abdominal testis was significantly less using CLMV. Qualitative assessment of pain showed that all patients had mild pain, except for

Carlos Andrés, Oviedo Peñata; Carlos Andrés, Hernández López.

249

Laparoscopia versus laparotomía paraprepucial en el tratamiento de criptorquidismo abdominal en caninos / Laparoscopy versus parapreputial laparotomy for the treatment of abdominal cryptorchidism in dogs / Laparoscopia versus laparotomía paraprepucial no tratamento de criptorquidismo abdominal em caninos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in portuguese Resumo Objetivo: determinar diferenças no tempo de cirurgia, dor e complicações entre criptorquidectomia por laparoscopia (CL) e criptorquidectomia por laparotomía média ventral (CLMV) em caninos com criptorquidismo unilateral abdominal. Materiais e métodos: utilizaram-se 11 pacientes, com peso médi [...] o de 20 ± 9,6 kg e idade promedio de 21 ± 12,8 meses, distribuídos em grupos de seis e cinco animais para realizar lhes CL e CLMV respectivamente. Mediou-se o tempo quirurgico total, o tempo de extração do testículo abdominal e o escrotal. A avaliação da dor realizou-se as 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12 e 24 horas após cirurgia, utilizando uma escada de referencia da Universidade de Melbourne (UMPS). As complicações foram monitoradas ate às 24 horas mediante valoração clinica e ultrassonografia. Resultados: a criptorquidia foi mais comum em raças puras e afetou principalmente o testículo esquerdo. O tempo de cirurgia foi significativamente menor usando CLMV para extrair o testículo abdominal. Na avaliação qualitativa da dor, todos os pacientes apresentaram nível leve, exceto um paciente do grupo CLMV que apresentou muita dor. Encontrou-se uma diferença significativa (P Abstract in spanish Resumen Objetivo: determinar diferencias en tiempo de cirugía, dolor y complicaciones entre criptorquidectomía por laparoscopia (CL) y criptorquidectomía por laparotomía medio ventral (CLMV) en caninos con criptorquidismo unilateral abdominal. Materiales y métodos: se utilizaron 11 pacientes, con pe [...] so promedio de 20 ± 9.6 kg y edad promedio de 21 ± 12.8 meses, distribuidos en grupos de 6 y 5 animales para realizarles CL y CLMV respectivamente. Se midió el tiempo quirúrgico total, el tiempo de extracción del testículo abdominal y el escrotal. La evaluación del dolor se realizó a las 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12 y 24 horas poscirugía, usando la escala de la Universidad de Melbourne (UMPS). Las complicaciones se monitorearon hasta 24 horas mediante valoración clínica y ultrasonografía. Resultados: la criptorquidia fue más común en razas puras y afectó principalmente el testículo derecho. El tiempo de cirugía fue significativamente menor usando CLMV para extraer el testículo abdominal. En la evaluación cualitativa del dolor, todos los pacientes presentaron nivel leve, excepto un paciente del grupo CLMV que presentó mayor dolor. Se encontró una diferencia estadística significativa a favor del grupo CL en la valoración del dolor a las 2 horas posquirúrgicas. Se detectó una complicación en un paciente del grupo CL a las 4 horas y tuvo que ser reintervenido. Conclusiones: ambos procedimientos produjeron dolor leve con diferencias estadísticamente significativas solo a las 2 horas. Se requirió menor tiempo de cirugía para la extracción del testículo abdominal realizando CLMV. La hemorragia posquirúrgica es una complicación a tener en cuenta al realizar CL. Abstract in english Abstract Objective: to determine differences in the length of time of surgery, pain, and complications between laparoscopic cryptorchidectomy (CL) and cryptorchidectomy through mid-ventral laparotomy (CLMV) in dogs suffering from unilateral abdominal cryptorchidism. Materials and methods: 11 patient [...] s were used. The average weight of the dogs was 20 ± 9.6 kg, and the average age was 21 ± 12.8 months. Six and five dogs were assigned to CL and CLMV, respectively. Total surgery time and extraction time of abdominal and scrotal testis were measured. Pain evaluation was performed at 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 12, and 24 hours after surgery using the pain scale developed by the University of Melbourne (UMPS). Complications were monitored during 24 hours by clinical assessment and ultrasonography. Results: cryptorchidism was more common in pure breeds and it affected mainly the right testicle. The operating time to remove the abdominal testis was significantly less using CLMV. Qualitative assessment of pain showed that all patients had mild pain, except for

Carlos Andrés, Oviedo Peñata; Carlos Andrés, Hernández López.

2013-07-01

250

Endovascular stent grafting: a review  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Endovascular stent grafts are intravascular devices composed of surgical graft material and a metallic frame, (Fig. 1). Their main application has been to treat aneurysms, but they have been used in vascular trauma and are being investigated for use in occlusive disease. Their advantage in treating aneurysms over conventional surgical treatment is that they are loaded into relatively small delivery systems (Fig. 2) and can be introduced to the area of interest from a remote site - usually the femoral artery. This avoids the morbidity of surgical exposure in difficult sites, such as the thoracic aorta, and lessens the cardiovascular stress to patients by eliminating the need to surgically cross-clamp the vessel being treated. The first description of abdominal aortic aneurysm exclusion by an endovascular stent graft was provided by Parodi and colleagues in 1991. Much of the early clinical experience in endovascular stent grafting was obtained from centres in Australia and Europe, and they are now reporting midterm follow-up data. There are now many centres in Canada and the United States involved in endovascular research and practice. (author)

Kribs, S. [Univ. of Western Ontario, Dept. of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, London, Ontario (Canada)

2001-06-01

251

Surgical corrections of endovascular aneurysms: repair complications.  

Science.gov (United States)

The authors describe their experience with the use of 21 open surgical corrections after endovascular abdominal aneurysm repair, reporting the frequency, type and outcome of these procedures in their group of 165 patients treated during a 10-year period. PMID:16936919

Utikal, Petr; Koecher, Martin; Koutna, Jirina; Bachleda, Petr; Drac, Petr; Cerna, Marie; Herman, J

2006-07-01

252

Non-invasiv, Multi Detector Row (MDR) based Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) analysis of hemodynamics in infrarenal Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA) before and after endovascular repair; Blutflusssimulation mittels Computational-Fluid-Dynamics an aus CT-Daten rekonstruierten Aortenaneurysmata vor und nach Stent-Graft Implantation  

Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

Purpose: Simulation, description and analysis of dynamic pressure in infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) before and after endovascular repair. Materials and Methods: During March 1996 and May 2001, 13 patients with AAA underwent endovascular treatment. The MDR-CT scans of these patients were used for the non-invasive analysis of the hemodynamics in the aorta with CFD software before and after endovascular repair. One pre-interventional and three post-interventional CT scans were analyzed for each patient. Results: Compared to the pre-interventional simulation, endovascular treatment led to an average dynamic pressure decrease of 1057 Pa in 10 of 13 patients. During the subsequent course, the median of the dynamic pressure decreased in 8 of 13 patients. Vulnerable regions initially identified as high-pressure regions, like the docking area or the second stent limb, adapted to the pressure in the surrounding tissue in the course of time. (orig.) [German] Ziel: Simulation, Beschreibung und Entwicklung dynamischer Druckverhaeltnisse auf die Aorten- bzw. Stentgraftwand im zeitlichen Verlauf vor und nach stentgestuetzter Ausschaltung infrarenaler Bauchaortenaneurysmata. Patienten und Methode: Zwischen Maerz 1996 und Mai 2001 wurden 13 Patienten mit einem infrarenalen Bauchaortenaneurysma einer transfemoralen Stent-Graft-Implantation unterzogen. Basierend auf Multi Detector Row (MDR) -CT Datensaetzen dieser 13 Patienten wurde mithilfe einer ''Computational Fluid Dynamics'' (CFD) Software eine Blutflusssimulation der abdominellen Aorta vor und nach Stentimplantation durchgefuehrt. Von jedem Patienten wurden Simulationen von einer prae- und drei postoperativen Follow-up CT-Serien erstellt. Ergebnisse: Die Stentimplantation fuehrte bei 10/13 Patienten zu einer Senkung des dynamischen Spitzendrucks um durchschnittlich 1057 Pa von der prae- zur postoperativen Untersuchung. Im weiteren Verlauf sank auch der Median des dynamischen Druckes bei 8/13 Patienten. Regionen mit erhoehten Druckwerten (sog. vulnerable Regionen), wie beispielsweise die des angedockten Stentschenkels, glichen sich im Verlauf der Zeit den Umgebungsdruecken an. (orig.)

Juchems, M.S.; Pless, D.; Fleiter, T.R.; Gabelmann, A.; Brambs, H.J.; Aschpoff, A J. [Ulm Univ. (Germany). Abt. fuer diagnostische Radiologie; Liewald, F. [Ulm Univ. (Germany). Abt. fuer Thorax-und Gefaesschirurgie

2004-01-01

253

Endovascular Management of Acute Bleeding Arterioenteric Fistulas  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The objective of this study was to review the outcome of endovascular transcatheter repair of emergent arterioenteric fistulas. Cases of abdominal arterioenteric fistulas (defined as a fistula between a major artery and the small intestine or colon, thus not the esophagus or stomach), diagnosed over the 3-year period between December 2002 and December 2005 at our institution, were retrospectively reviewed. Five patients with severe enteric bleeding underwent angiography and endovascular repair. Four presented primary arterioenteric fistulas, and one presented a secondary aortoenteric fistula. All had massive persistent bleeding with hypotension despite volume substitution and transfusion by the time of endovascular management. Outcome after treatment of these patients was investigated for major procedure-related complications, recurrence, reintervention, morbidity, and mortality. Mean follow-up time was 3 months (range, 1-6 months). All massive bleeding was controlled by occlusive balloon catheters. Four fistulas were successfully sealed with stent-grafts, resulting in a technical success rate of 80%. One patient was circulatory stabilized by endovascular management but needed immediate further open surgery. There were no procedure-related major complications. Mean hospital stay after the initial endovascular intervention was 19 days. Rebleeding occurred in four patients (80%) after a free interval of 2 weeks or longer. During the follow-up period three patients needed reintervention. The in-hospital mortality was 20% and the 30-day mortality was 40%. The midterm outcome was poor, due to comorbidities or rebleeding, with a mortality of 80% within 6 months. In conclusion, endovascular repair is an efficient and safe method to stabilize patients with life-threatening bleeding arterioenteric fistulas in the emergent episode. However, in this group of patients with severe comorbidities, the risk of rebleeding is high and further intervention must be considered. Patients with cancer may only need treatment for the acute bleeding episode, and an endovascular approach has the advantage of low morbidity

254

Endovascular management of acute bleeding arterioenteric fistulas  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The objective of this study was to review the outcome of endovascular transcatheter repair of emergent arterioenteric fistulas. Cases of abdominal arterioenteric fistulas (defined as a fistula between a major artery and the small intestine or colon, thus not the esophagus or stomach), diagnosed over the 3-year period between December 2002 and December 2005 at our institution, were retrospectively reviewed. Five patients with severe enteric bleeding underwent angiography and endovascular repair. Four presented primary arterioenteric fistulas, and one presented a secondary aortoenteric fistula. All had massive persistent bleeding with hypotension despite volume substitution and transfusion by the time of endovascular management. Outcome after treatment of these patients was investigated for major procedure-related complications, recurrence, reintervention, morbidity, and mortality. Mean follow-up time was 3 months (range, 1-6 months). All massive bleeding was controlled by occlusive balloon catheters. Four fistulas were successfully sealed with stent-grafts, resulting in a technical success rate of 80%. One patient was circulatory stabilized by endovascular management but needed immediate further open surgery. There were no procedure-related major complications. Mean hospital stay after the initial endovascular intervention was 19 days. Rebleeding occurred in four patients (80%) after a free interval of 2 weeks or longer. During the follow-up period three patients needed reintervention. The in-hospital mortality was 20% and the 30-day mortality was 40%. The midterm outcome was poor, due to comorbidities or rebleeding, with a mortality of 80% within 6 months. In conclusion, endovascular repair is an efficient and safe method to stabilize patients with life-threatening bleeding arterioenteric fistulas in the emergent episode. However, in this group of patients with severe comorbidities, the risk of rebleeding is high and further intervention must be considered. Patients with cancer may only need treatment for the acute bleeding episode, and an endovascular approach has the advantage of low morbidity Udgivelsesdato: 2008/5

Leonhardt, H.; Mellander, S.

2008-01-01

255

Síndrome compartimental abdominal / Abdominal compartment syndrome  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Cuba | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Desde el siglo XIX se conocen los efectos negativos del aumento de la presión intraabdominal, pero no se le prestó la debida atención a este trastorno hasta la última década del pasado siglo y la primera del actual. En este artículo exponemos las definiciones de los términos presión intrabdominal, h [...] ipertensión intrabdominal y síndrome compartimental abdominal, que fueron tomadas por consenso y aprobadas por la World Society of the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome. En nuestro medio, para el diagnóstico de la hipertensión intrabdominal y del síndrome compartimental abdominal se requiere medir la presión intrabdominal, secundariamente la presión de perfusión abdominal y se deben correlacionar estos datos con signos de deterioro clínico en el paciente. Las medidas terapéuticas médicas en relación con el síndrome compartimental abdominal son limitadas; cuando este es sintomático la descompresión abdominal es el tratamiento ya establecido. Enfatizamos en que el diagnóstico temprano de la hipertensión intrabdominal y del síndrome compartimental abdominal contribuyen a disminuir el desarrollo de un síndrome de disfunción múltiple de órganos y por tanto a reducir la mortalidad en estos pacientes. Con el objetivo de actualizar los conocimientos sobre hipertensión intrabdominal y síndrome compartimental abdominal, su diagnóstico y tratamiento, realizamos una minuciosa revisión actualizada de diversos artículos referentes al síndrome compartimental abdominal, tanto en el ámbito nacional como internacional. Abstract in english The negative effects of increased intra-abdominal pressure are known since the XIX Century, but attention was not paid to this disorder until the last decade of the last century and the first decade of the present one. In this article, we state the definitions of the terms intra-abdominal pressure, [...] intra-abdominal hypertension, and abdominal compartment syndrome which were taken with consent and approved by the World Society of the Abdominal Compartment Syndrome. In our field, to get to a diagnosis of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome, it is required to measure the intra-abdominal pressure and secondarily, the abdominal perfusion pressure; then, these data should be correlated with the signs of clinical deterioration of the patient. The medical therapeutic measures related to the abdominal compartment syndrome are limited, and when it is symptomatic, abdominal decompression is the established treatment. We want to make emphasis on the fact that the early diagnosis of intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome contribute to diminish the development of a multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, hence reducing mortality in these patients. With the aim of updating knowledge about intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome as well as their diagnosis and treatment, we carried out a detailed updated review of different articles regarding the abdominal compartment syndrome from both national and international scopes.

Misael, Guzmán Nápoles; Martha Esther, Larrea Fabra.

256

Endovascular Stent-Graft Repair as a Late Secondary Procedure After Previous Aortic Grafts  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Thoracic and abdominal aortic endovascular procedures as alternatives to aortic reoperations were studied in three different cases. An anastomotic aneurysm after previous thoracic aortic graft for coarctation, a second-stage elephant trunk repair (descending thoracic aortic aneurysm), and a secondary aneurysm proximal to a previous abdominal aortic graft were successfully treated with endovascular stent-grafts. During the follow-up period no lethal events or major aortic or graft-related complications were observed, except a type II endoleak in the anastomotic aortic aneurysm case. An endovascular stent-graft can be safely deployed into a previously implanted vascular graft, avoiding repeat surgery

257

Endovascular repair of aortic aneurysm: Preliminary results  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Introduction. Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR has been introduced into clinical practice at the beginning of the 90's of the last century. Because of economic, political and social problems during the last 25 years, the introduction of this procedure in Serbia was not possible. Objective. The aim of this study was to present preliminary experiences and results of the Clinic for Vascular Surgery of the Serbian Clinical Centre in Belgrade in endovascular treatment of thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysms. Methods. The procedure was performed in 33 patients (3 female and 30 male, aged from 42 to 83 years. Ten patients had a descending thoracic aorta aneurysm (three atherosclerotic, four traumatic - three chronic and one acute as a part of polytrauma, one dissected, two penetrated atherosclerotic ulcers, while 23 patients had the abdominal aortic aneurysm, one ruptured and two isolated iliac artery aneurysms. The indications for EVAR were isthmic aneurismal localisation, aged over 80 years and associated comorbidity (cardiac, pulmonary and cerebrovasular diseases, previous thoracotomy or multiple laparotomies associated with abdominal infection, idiopatic thrombocitopaenia. All of these patients had three or more risk factors. The diagnosis was established using duplex ultrasonography, angiography and MSCT. In the case of thoracic aneurysm, a Medtronic-Valiant® endovascular stent graft was implanted, while for the abdominal aortic aneurysm Medtronic-Talent® endovascular stent grafts with delivery systems were used. In three patients, following EVAR a surgical repair of the femoral artery aneurysm was performed, and in another three patients femoro-femoral cross over bypass followed implantation of aortouniiliac stent graft. Results. During procedure and follow-up period (mean 1.6 years, there were: one death, one conversion, one endoleak type 1, six patients with endoleak type 2 that disappeared during the follow-up period, one early graft thrombosis. No other complications, including aneurysm expansion, collapse, deformity and migration of the endovascular stent grafts, were registered. Conclusion. According to all medical and economic aspects, we recommend EVAR to treat acute traumatic thoracic aortic aneurysm, as well as in elderly and high-risk patients with abdominal or thoracic aneurysms, when open surgery is related to a significantly higher mortality and morbidity.

Davidovi? Lazar

2009-01-01

258

Helical CT of abdominal aorta  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The purpose was to illustrate that single or multi-row spiral CT angiography has become the main modality for the examination of the abdominal aorta. Our multidisciplinary group investigates weekly 15 abdominal aortas, with a single slice spiral CT since 1995, and a 4 row detector spiral CT since 1999. CT scans protocols and parameters optimization for the 2 CT systems are described. Indications and results of CT to investigate the various abdominal aortic diseases are illustrated and discussed: aneurysms (pre-therapeutic staging, selection of indications of endovascular stent-grafting); obstructive aorto-arterio-pathies (pre-therapeutic staging, follow up after endovascular revascularization); dissection (diagnosis, pre-therapeutic staging, follow up); inflammatory diseases; normal patterns and principal complications after surgery. Situations where multislice CT is superior to single slice CT and compared advantages of MRI are discussed. CT is at the present time the main technique to image abdominal aorta. Multislice CT is especially interesting to explore the whole aorta, poly traumatisms, and to plan and follow up endovascular treatments. (author)

259

[Helical CT of abdominal aorta].  

Science.gov (United States)

The purpose was to illustrate that single or multirow spiral CT angiography has become the main modality for the examination of the abdominal aorta. Our multidisciplinary group investigates weekly 15 abdominal aortas, with a single slice spiral CT since 1995, and a 4 row detector spiral CT since 1999. CT scans protocols and parameters optimization for the 2 CT systems are described. Indications and results of CT to investigate the various abdominal aortic diseases are illustrated and discussed: aneurisms (pretherapeutic staging, selection of indications of endovascular stent-grafting); obstructive aorto-arteriopathies (pretherapeutic staging, follow up after endovascular revascularization); dissection (diagnosis, pretherapeutic staging, follow up); inflammatory diseases; normal patterns and principal complications after surgery. Situations where multislice CT is superior to single slice CT and compared advantages of MRI are discussed. CT is at the present time the main technique to image abdominal aorta. Multislice CT is especially interesting to explore the whole aorta, poly traumatisms, and to plan and follow up endovascular treatments. PMID:15785413

Bourlet, P; Garcier, J M; Alfidja, A; Lipiecka, E; Chahid, T; Privat, C; Ravel, A; Boyer, L

2005-01-01

260

Percutaneous endovascular reconstruction with endovascular placement for isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous endovascular reconstruction with endovascular stent placement for isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery. Methods: Five patients with isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery were enrolled in this study. The diagnosis was confirmed by abdominal computed tomography angiography (CTA) and percutaneous transcatheter digital subtraction angiography (DSA) in all the five patients. One asymptomatic case was discovered by medical examination, which was classified to type ? (Sakamoto angiographic categorization). The other four cases were admitted to hospital with acute abdominal pain and diarrhea, which were classified to type ? (1 case) and type ? (3 cases). Fasting together with antiplatelet and anticoagulation therapy was initially employed. Then, percutaneous endovascular reconstruction with stenting was carried out and the patients were kept on antiplatelet therapy. Follow-up checkups with CTA or DSA were conducted at 1, 3 and 6 months after the treatment. Results: Technical success was achieved in all five patients without any complications. Combination of the coil embolization and endovascular stent placement were preformed in 2 cases. The other 3 cases were successfully treated with simple double-stent placement. The clinical symptoms in the four symptomatic patients disappeared within 3 weeks. Follow-up CTA or DSA was adopted in 5 patients. Repeated angiography performed at 3 months after the procedure showed that complete resolution of the dissection and successful restoration of the true lumen with sufficient distal flow of the SMA were obtained in five patients. Conclusion: Percutaneous endovascular reconstruction with stent placement is a feasible and effective treatment for isolated spontaneous dissection of the superior mesenteric artery. (authors)

 
 
 
 
261

Abdominal splenosis Esplenosis abdominal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Splenosis is a benign condition caused by an ectopic autotransplantation of splenic tissues after splenic trauma or surgery. It usually occurs within the abdominal and pelvic cavity. Patients are generally asymptomatic and this entity is diagnosed accidentally. However, occasionally extensive abdominal splenosis poses a significant diagnostic dilemma for gastroenterologists, especially when this condition manifests as a disseminated metastatic malignant disease on abdominal imaging. This paper presents a concise review of the literature on this often misleading disorder. The crucial role of taking a thorough patient's medical history concerning splenic trauma in the past, the need for differential diagnosis of tumor-like lesions disclosed on abdominal imaging and novel diagnostics modalities that allow avoiding unnecessary laparotomy in case of abdominal splenosis are stressed. The increased prevalence of abdominal trauma due to road accidents and the growing armamentarium of available imaging modalities suggest that abdominal splenosis may be expected more often than ever. In order to prevent any possible diagnostic doubts and unnecessary future invasive examinations, confirmed splenosis should be recorded in the medical documentation of the patient.

Dorota Ksiadzyna

2011-08-01

262

Exclusión percutánea de seudoaneurisma aórtico abdominal traumático desde acceso braquial / Percutaneous exclusion of traumatic abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm from a brachial approach  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Mexico | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish El seudoaneurisma aórtico abdominal (SAA) es una lesión infrecuente, se describe a la injuria traumática aórtica, como una de sus principales causas, tanto su ruptura como el tratamiento quirúrgico tienen alta morbimortalidad. Por ello, el tratamiento endovascular mediante embolización química o exc [...] lusión con dispositivos, ha surgido como tratamiento alternativo. Sin embargo, existen riesgos como la oclusión de vasos viscerales cercanos al cuello del defecto, embolización del material o ruptura aórtica. Por lo tanto, la elección del material y vía de abordaje, debe ser planeada cuidadosamente en cada caso. Comunicamos un paciente, a quien 10 años después de una herida abdominal por arma de fuego, se le diagnosticó un SAA de 17 x 13 cm, con cuello corto, originado cercanamente al ostium del tronco celíaco, formando un ángulo agudo con el eje aórtico. Realizamos la exclusión del mismo, con un dispositivo diseñado para el cierre de comunicación interauricular (CIA), utilizando el acceso braquial izquierdo, debido a la angulación del cuello del defecto. No hubo complicaciones, a las 72 horas se otorgó alta hospitalaria. El control tomográfico al mes, mostró el falso aneurisma de igual tamaño y sin flujo residual. A los cinco meses de seguimiento, la paciente permanece asintomática. Abstract in english Abdominal aortic pseudoaneurysm (AAP) is a rare lesion, although traumatic aortic injury is described as one of the main causes; both the rupture as the surgical treatment of the defect has high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, endovascular treatment either by chemical embolization or exclusion o [...] f defect with devices has emerged as an alternative treatment. However, there are risks such as occlusion of visceral vessels near the neck of the defect, embolization material or aortic rupture. Therefore, the choice of material and method of approach should be planned carefully in each case. We report a patient who ten years after abdominal wound frearm was diagnosed with AAP 17x13 cm, with short neck originated close to the ostium of the celiac trunk at an acute angle with the aortic axis. We perform the exclusion of the defect with a device designed for closing atrial septal defect from the left brachial access due to the angulation of the neck defect. There were no complications. At 72 hours was granted discharge. A month later, CT scan control showed the false aneurysm of equal size and no residual flow. The monitoring to date is five months and the patient remained asymptomatic.

Ricardo, Gamboa; Raúl E, Ríos-Méndez; Raúl, Solernó; Federico, Giachello; Ángeles, Videla-Lynch; Ricardo A, Sarmiento.

263

Endovascular Repair of a Secondary Aorto-Appendiceal Fistula  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Aortoenteric fistula (AEF) is an uncommon but serious complication occurring after aortic surgery and may occur at any site in the gastrointestinal tract, with the duodenum being the most common. Conventional surgical repair of secondary AEF has high mortality, whereas endovascular repair has emerged as an alternative treatment despite concerns about persistent or recurrent infection. We report the case of a 91-year old man who was admitted with rectal bleeding from an aorto-appendiceal fistula 9 years after open abdominal aortic aneurysm repair. This rare site for AEF was diagnosed on computed tomography, and we present the first case of endovascular treatment of this uncommon complication.

264

[Surgical treatment of chronic abdominal ischemia.  

Science.gov (United States)

The study includes data of 139 patients with chronic abdominal ischemia, due to hemodynamically significant occlusion of impaired visceral aortic branches. The diagnosis was confirmed by aortography, computed tomoangiography and duplex color angioscanning. Immediate and long-term results of 49 reconstructive and conditionally reconstructive operations, 11 transcutaneous endovascular angioplasty, as well as postoperative complications, were analyzed. PMID:21983571

Kokhan, E P; Obraztsov, A V; Mironenko, D A; Kryzhov, S N

2011-01-01

265

Abdominal splenosis / Esplenosis abdominal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in english Splenosis is a benign condition caused by an ectopic autotransplantation of splenic tissues after splenic trauma or surgery. It usually occurs within the abdominal and pelvic cavity. Patients are generally asymptomatic and this entity is diagnosed accidentally. However, occasionally extensive abdomi [...] nal splenosis poses a significant diagnostic dilemma for gastroenterologists, especially when this condition manifests as a disseminated metastatic malignant disease on abdominal imaging. This paper presents a concise review of the literature on this often misleading disorder. The crucial role of taking a thorough patient's medical history concerning splenic trauma in the past, the need for differential diagnosis of tumor-like lesions disclosed on abdominal imaging and novel diagnostics modalities that allow avoiding unnecessary laparotomy in case of abdominal splenosis are stressed. The increased prevalence of abdominal trauma due to road accidents and the growing armamentarium of available imaging modalities suggest that abdominal splenosis may be expected more often than ever. In order to prevent any possible diagnostic doubts and unnecessary future invasive examinations, confirmed splenosis should be recorded in the medical documentation of the patient.

Dorota, Ksiadzyna; Amado Salvador, Peña.

266

Endovascular stent graft repair of multiple tuberculous thoracoabdominal aneurysms  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We describe a case of multiple tuberculous aneurysms of the descending thoracic aorta and abdominal aorta repaired with endovascular stent graft. The case was a 47-year-old man who presented with three saccular pseudoaneurysms of aortoiliac bifurcation at computed tomography (CT) scan. Despite of antimycobacterial treatment, these aneurysms grew rapidly and saccular pseudoaneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta was newly seen. A bifurcated stent graft was successfully implanted in the aortoiliac bifurcation. Subsequently, endovascular stent graft was placed well in the descending thoracic aorta. Fourteen months after the procedure, the patient was stable and serial CT images showed regression of aneurysms with ongoing antimycobacterial treatment. Therefore, endovascular stent graft repair with antimycobacterial therapy may be a treatment option in patients with multiple tuberculous aneurysms.

267

[Endovascular repair of aortic aneurysm a paradigmatic shift  

DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

The evolution of endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) is rapid and global. The aim is to replace open surgery as a life-saving treatment. According to randomised controlled studies, abdominal EVAR is a better option than open repair in terms of safety and efficacy in the short run. However, the overall survival in EVAR patients with severe morbidity is not influenced since mortality in this group is mainly unrelated to the aneurysm. Endovascular repair is also a solid alternative in thoracic pathologies and aortic ruptures. Patient selection and follow-up in EVAR is mainly governed by vascular imaging, especially 3-D CT reconstructions. There is a need for an increased number of endovascular specialists in Denmark since an increasing number of patients are suitable for EVAR treatment Udgivelsesdato: 2008/3/10

Lönn, Lars Birger

2008-01-01

268

Bilateral paramedian thalamic and mesencephalic infarcts after basilar tip aneurysm coiling: role of the artery of Percheron / Infarto talámico paramedial bilateral y mesencefálico después del tratamiento endovascular de un aneurisma de la punta de la arteria basilar: rol de la arteria de Percheron  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish La técnica endovascular para el manejo de aneurismas está ganando auge como una alternativa a la cirugía abierta. Sin embargo, se han descrito diferentes complicaciones tromboembólicas relacionadas con esta modalidad. El flujo sanguíneo al tálamo y al mesencéfalo puede surgir de variaciones anatómic [...] as complejas. La variación infrecuente: "arteria de Percheron", es una rama arterial solitaria que se origina del segmento proximal de una de la arterias cerebrales posteriores. Presentamos un paciente que tuvo un procedimiento endovascular electivo para el tratamiento de un aneurisma de la punta de la arteria basilar; 12 horas después del procedimiento, el paciente estaba clínicamente en coma profundo. La resonancia magnética (RM) cerebral mostró infartos talámicos paramediales bilaterales y mesencefálicos, compatible con la oclusión de la arteria de Percheron. Los eventos tromboembólicos relacionados con el uso de embolización con coil y stents es una rara pero catastrófica secuela. El uso de agentes antiplaquetarios se debe de recomendar en este tipo de situaciones. Cuando existen infartos talámicos paramediales bilaterales y mesencefálicos, la oclusión de la arteria de Percheron se debe de tener en mente. La angiografía puede no ser de mucha utilidad y la falta de visualización de la arteria no excluye su presencia. En este caso los hallazgos en la RM cerebral confirman la presencia de un infarto basado en la distribución anatómica de la arteria de Percheron. Abstract in english Aneurysm embolization using Guglielmi detachable coils (GDC) is gaining acceptance as a viable alternative for surgery in the treatment of aneurysms. Recent reports describe a significant rate of thromboembolic complications. Thalamic and midbrain blood supply can arise from complex anatomical varia [...] tions. The rare variation: "artery of Percheron", is a solitary arterial trunk arising from one of the proximal segments of a posterior cerebral artery and supplies the paramedian thalami and rostral midbrain bilaterally. We describe a patient that underwent elective endovascular treatment for a basilar tip aneurysm using GDC and stents in each PCA; 12 hours later patient was comatose and not following commands. Sequential magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of brain showed bilateral paramedian thalamic and mesencephalic infarcts presumably secondary to artery of Percheron occlusion. Thromboembolic event related to the use of the GDC embolization and stents is a rare clinical sequelae, but catastrophic. The use of antiplatelets agents should be reinforced in the scenario. When bilateral medial thalamic and midbrain infarcts are found, occlusion of the artery of Percheron should be considered. Angiography may not b helpful and lack of visualization of the artery does not exclude its presence. In this case the MRI findings confirmed the presence of the infarction based on the anatomical distribution.

L., Rangel-Castilla; J., Gasco; B., Thompson; P., Salinas.

269

Bilateral paramedian thalamic and mesencephalic infarcts after basilar tip aneurysm coiling: role of the artery of Percheron / Infarto talámico paramedial bilateral y mesencefálico después del tratamiento endovascular de un aneurisma de la punta de la arteria basilar: rol de la arteria de Percheron  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Spain | Language: English Abstract in spanish La técnica endovascular para el manejo de aneurismas está ganando auge como una alternativa a la cirugía abierta. Sin embargo, se han descrito diferentes complicaciones tromboembólicas relacionadas con esta modalidad. El flujo sanguíneo al tálamo y al mesencéfalo puede surgir de variaciones anatómic [...] as complejas. La variación infrecuente: "arteria de Percheron", es una rama arterial solitaria que se origina del segmento proximal de una de la arterias cerebrales posteriores. Presentamos un paciente que tuvo un procedimiento endovascular electivo para el tratamiento de un aneurisma de la punta de la arteria basilar; 12 horas después del procedimiento, el paciente estaba clínicamente en coma profundo. La resonancia magnética (RM) cerebral mostró infartos talámicos paramediales bilaterales y mesencefálicos, compatible con la oclusión de la arteria de Percheron. Los eventos tromboembólicos relacionados con el uso de embolización con coil y stents es una rara pero catastrófica secuela. El uso de agentes antiplaquetarios se debe de recomendar en este tipo de situaciones. Cuando existen infartos talámicos paramediales bilaterales y mesencefálicos, la oclusión de la arteria de Percheron se debe de tener en mente. La angiografía puede no ser de mucha utilidad y la falta de visualización de la arteria no excluye su presencia. En este caso los hallazgos en la RM cerebral confirman la presencia de un infarto basado en la distribución anatómica de la arteria de Percheron. Abstract in english Aneurysm embolization using Guglielmi detachable coils (GDC) is gaining acceptance as a viable alternative for surgery in the treatment of aneurysms. Recent reports describe a significant rate of thromboembolic complications. Thalamic and midbrain blood supply can arise from complex anatomical varia [...] tions. The rare variation: "artery of Percheron", is a solitary arterial trunk arising from one of the proximal segments of a posterior cerebral artery and supplies the paramedian thalami and rostral midbrain bilaterally. We describe a patient that underwent elective endovascular treatment for a basilar tip aneurysm using GDC and stents in each PCA; 12 hours later patient was comatose and not following commands. Sequential magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of brain showed bilateral paramedian thalamic and mesencephalic infarcts presumably secondary to artery of Percheron occlusion. Thromboembolic event related to the use of the GDC embolization and stents is a rare clinical sequelae, but catastrophic. The use of antiplatelets agents should be reinforced in the scenario. When bilateral medial thalamic and midbrain infarcts are found, occlusion of the artery of Percheron should be considered. Angiography may not b helpful and lack of visualization of the artery does not exclude its presence. In this case the MRI findings confirmed the presence of the infarction based on the anatomical distribution.

L., Rangel-Castilla; J., Gasco; B., Thompson; P., Salinas.

2009-06-01

270

Repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms with bifurcated endografts: a single-center study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe our early experience in the treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms with bifurcated endografts. We report on our initial twelve-month experience using this approach. METHODS: Clinical data on patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurys [...] ms treated at a single tertiary center in Brazil were prospectively recorded. The eligibility for endovascular treatment was evaluated by computed tomography scanning and anatomical features were determined based on the method of treatment. RESULTS: From February 2012 to January 2013 (12 months), 28 consecutive patients (mean age 67.2 years, range 45-85 years) underwent treatment for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms at our hospital. Eighteen patients (64.3%) were suitable for and underwent endovascular treatment with bifurcated endografts (16 patients) or aortouniiliac endografts (two patients). Ten patients who were considered unsuitable for endograft repair underwent open repair. Seven patients were classified as hemodynamically unstable (Endovascular, 5; Open, 2), and 21 were classified as stable (Endovascular, 13; Open, 8). The overall 30-day mortality rate associated with endovascular treatment was 27.8% (stable, 18.7%; unstable, 40%) and the rate associated with open repair was 50% (stable, 37.5%; unstable, 100%). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the suitability of patients for endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms was high and the overall results of endovascular treatment remain encouraging. Indeed, bifurcated endografts are a feasible option for treating anatomically eligible ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms.

André Brito, Queiroz; Karina Paula Domingos Rosa, Schneidwind; Grace Carvajal, Mulatti; Fábio Rodrigues Ferreira Espirito, Santo; Paulo Sassaki, Neto; Inez Ohashi, Torres; Nelson, De Luccia.

2014-06-01

271

Repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms with bifurcated endografts: a single-center study  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe our early experience in the treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms with bifurcated endografts. We report on our initial twelve-month experience using this approach. METHODS: Clinical data on patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurys [...] ms treated at a single tertiary center in Brazil were prospectively recorded. The eligibility for endovascular treatment was evaluated by computed tomography scanning and anatomical features were determined based on the method of treatment. RESULTS: From February 2012 to January 2013 (12 months), 28 consecutive patients (mean age 67.2 years, range 45-85 years) underwent treatment for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms at our hospital. Eighteen patients (64.3%) were suitable for and underwent endovascular treatment with bifurcated endografts (16 patients) or aortouniiliac endografts (two patients). Ten patients who were considered unsuitable for endograft repair underwent open repair. Seven patients were classified as hemodynamically unstable (Endovascular, 5; Open, 2), and 21 were classified as stable (Endovascular, 13; Open, 8). The overall 30-day mortality rate associated with endovascular treatment was 27.8% (stable, 18.7%; unstable, 40%) and the rate associated with open repair was 50% (stable, 37.5%; unstable, 100%). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the suitability of patients for endovascular repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms was high and the overall results of endovascular treatment remain encouraging. Indeed, bifurcated endografts are a feasible option for treating anatomically eligible ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms.

André Brito, Queiroz; Karina Paula Domingos Rosa, Schneidwind; Grace Carvajal, Mulatti; Fábio Rodrigues Ferreira Espirito, Santo; Paulo Sassaki, Neto; Inez Ohashi, Torres; Nelson, De Luccia.

272

The study of leakage after endovascular exclusion with multi-slice CT angiography  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of multi-slice CT angiography in the leakage of abdominal aortic aneurysms and aortic dissection after endovascular exclusion. Methods: Multi-slice CT angiography was performed in 105 cases with abdominal aortic aneurysms and aortic dissection after endovascular exclusion. 3D reconstruction techniques, including volume rendering (VR), SSD, MIP, and MPR, were adopted. The images, which demonstrated leakage, were compared with each other. Results: Of the 105 cases in this study, the leakage occurred in 13 cases and the rate of leakage was 12.4% (13/105). In terms of White's leakage type, type I occurred in 8 cases, type II in 2 cases, and type III in 3 cases. All the leakages were displayed on 3D VR images. Conclusion: Multi-slice CT angiography is favorable for the diagnosis of leakage of abdominal aortic aneurysms and aortic dissection after endovascular exclusion

273

Endovascular Aneurysm Repair Using a Reverse Chimney Technique in a Patient With Marfan Syndrome and Contained Ruptured Chronic Type B Dissection  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

We report endovascular thoracic and abdominal aneurysm repair (EVAR) with reverse chimney technique in a patient with contained ruptured type B dissection. EVAR seems feasible as a bailout option in Marfan patients with acute life-threatening disease.

274

Tratamento endovascular de aneurisma de ilíaca roto: relato de caso / Endovascular treatment of a ruptured iliac aneurysm: case report  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A taxa de mortalidade cirúrgica do aneurisma de ilíaca roto é similar à do aneurisma de aorta abdominal roto, devido à sua localização profunda na pelve, dificuldade de exposição distal da ilíaca decorrente do hematoma, bridas devido a laparotomia prévia e proximidade com ureter e estruturas venosas [...] . O objetivo do presente estudo é enfatizar o procedimento endovascular como mais uma opção na correção dessas lesões. Relata-se o caso de um paciente de 60 anos de idade, submetido a derivação com enxerto aorto-biilíaco prévio com prótese há 5 anos, por aneurisma de aorta abdominal infra-renal, apresentando rotura de aneurisma em segmento remanescente da ilíaca comum esquerda. Estava hemodinamicamente estável após ressuscitação com fluidos e foi submetido ao tratamento endovascular de urgência, com a exclusão do aneurisma e ausência de vazamentos. Abstract in english The surgical mortality rate of ruptured iliac aneurysms is similar to ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms in terms of their location deep in the pelvis, difficult access to the distal iliac artery due to hematoma, adherences due to prior laparotomy and proximity of the ureter and venous structures. [...] This study aims at highlighting the endovascular procedure as an alternative in the correction of this lesion. We report the case of a patient submitted to aortobiiliac prosthetic graft due to infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm 5 years ago, who presented with a ruptured aneurysm in the remaining segment of the left common iliac artery. The patient was hemodynamically stable after fluid replacement therapy and was submitted to urgent endovascular treatment. The treatment resulted in the exclusion of the aneurysm without endoleaks.

Adinaldo Adhemar Menezes da, Silva; Luis Fernando, Reis; Daniel Gustavo, Miquelin; Priscilla Yukiko, Sano; Vlanna Sales, Pereira; José Maria Pereirade, Godoy.

2007-03-01

275

Tratamento endovascular de aneurisma de ilíaca roto: relato de caso Endovascular treatment of a ruptured iliac aneurysm: case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A taxa de mortalidade cirúrgica do aneurisma de ilíaca roto é similar à do aneurisma de aorta abdominal roto, devido à sua localização profunda na pelve, dificuldade de exposição distal da ilíaca decorrente do hematoma, bridas devido a laparotomia prévia e proximidade com ureter e estruturas venosas. O objetivo do presente estudo é enfatizar o procedimento endovascular como mais uma opção na correção dessas lesões. Relata-se o caso de um paciente de 60 anos de idade, submetido a derivação com enxerto aorto-biilíaco prévio com prótese há 5 anos, por aneurisma de aorta abdominal infra-renal, apresentando rotura de aneurisma em segmento remanescente da ilíaca comum esquerda. Estava hemodinamicamente estável após ressuscitação com fluidos e foi submetido ao tratamento endovascular de urgência, com a exclusão do aneurisma e ausência de vazamentos.The surgical mortality rate of ruptured iliac aneurysms is similar to ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms in terms of their location deep in the pelvis, difficult access to the distal iliac artery due to hematoma, adherences due to prior laparotomy and proximity of the ureter and venous structures. This study aims at highlighting the endovascular procedure as an alternative in the correction of this lesion. We report the case of a patient submitted to aortobiiliac prosthetic graft due to infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm 5 years ago, who presented with a ruptured aneurysm in the remaining segment of the left common iliac artery. The patient was hemodynamically stable after fluid replacement therapy and was submitted to urgent endovascular treatment. The treatment resulted in the exclusion of the aneurysm without endoleaks.

Adinaldo Adhemar Menezes da Silva

2007-03-01

276

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and endovascular procedures: report of two cases Trombocitopenia induzida por heparina e tratamento endovascular: relato de dois casos  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT is a transient disorder caused by platelet-activating antibodies against platelet factor 4 (PF4-heparin complexes. Clinically it translates into arterial or venous thrombosis and carries high morbidity and mortality. The use of large doses of heparin during endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm could increase the incidence of HIT. We report two cases associating the use of heparin during endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm with the development of HIT.Trombocitopenia induzida por heparina (TIH é um distúrbio transitório causado pela ativação de anticorpos anti-plaquetários contra o fator plaquetário 4 (FP4 combinado com a molécula de heparina, formando complexos que clinicamente se traduzem em tromboses arteriais ou venosas com alta morbimortalidade. O uso de altas doses de heparina durante procedimentos endovasculares para o tratamento de aneurisma de aorta abdominal pode aumentar a incidência de TIH. Relatamos dois casos em que o uso de heparina durante tratamento endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal estava associado ao aparecimento de TIH.

Christiane Campolina Furquim Werneck

2009-09-01

277

Endovascular treatment of posterior circulation aneurysms.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular techniques are well suited for the treatment of posterior circulation aneurysms. This review describes the endovascular management of these aneurysms and discusses relevant technical advances. PMID:24617934

Eller, Jorge L; Dumont, Travis M; Mokin, Maxim; Sorkin, Grant C; Levy, Elad I; Snyder, Kenneth V; Nelson Hopkins, L; Siddiqui, Adnan H

2014-04-01

278

Endovascular repair as a sole treatment in multiple aneurysms in patient with SLE  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Full text: Introduction: Most aneurysms are local manifestations of systemic disease. For patients over 65 years the incidence of aneurysm of the abdominal aorta (AAA) is approximately 5-6% in men and 1-2 % for women. The presence of both the AAA and aneurysms in other location is even rarer, and this percentage is likely increase further in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). What you will learn: We present a rare clinical case of endovascular treatment of multifocal aneurysm including post catheterization pseudoaneurysm. The patient is a 73 years old woman with a history of SLE and age-related comorbidity. Originally an endovascular treatment of aneurysms of the abdominal aorta and right common iliac artery was used. Two years later a successfully endovascular treatment of aneurysm of the right renal artery was conducted, which however is complicated by the formation of a pseudoaneurysm in access through the left femoral artery. The late one is again treated endovascular by placement of a covered stent after failure of percutaneous injection of 1000 UI thrombin. Discussion: Adult patients with a long history of SLE are unsuitable candidates for surgical treatment of aneurysmal disease, especially in its multifocal form. In our case we have taken multistep successful endovascular procedures, including technically hard placing of the stent at the site of the right renal aneurysms, and post catheterization pseudoaneurysm. Conclusion: Multifocal aneurysmal vascular changes due to macroangiopathia in SLE can be treated alone by endovascular means in multi-stages procedures

279

Endovascular aortic graft infection resulting in retroperitoneal abscess: report of a case  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Infection is a rare complication of aortoiliac endovascular procedures, with an incidence inferior to 0.5%, and it may result in a retroperitoneal abscess potentially evolving to sepsis and gastrointestinal bleeding. In more than 50% of cases endovascular aortoiliac prosthetic grafts infection occur months or years after the procedure. The growing number of endovascular procedures, and as the actually midterm follow up in most cases, septic sequelae will no doubt continue to occur with increased frequency and may represent an emerging problem in the ED for the emergency physician. Endovascular graft infection begins with unspecific clinical manifestations. An high index of suspicion in any patient with an aortic stent graft presenting prolonged or recurrent fever and or abdominal or back pain and a low threshold for obtaining CT scan should increase the clinician’s ability to make a timely diagnosis in the ED setting.

Salvatore Di Somma

2013-06-01

280

Hybrid Decision Support System for Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm Repair Follow-Up  

Science.gov (United States)

An Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm is an abnormal widening of the aortic vessel at abdominal level, and is usually diagnosed on the basis of radiological images. One of the techniques for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm repair is Endovascular Repair. The long-term outcome of this surgery is usually difficult to predict in the absence of clearly visible signs, such as leaks, in the images. In this paper, we present a hybrid system that combines data extracted from radiological images and data extracted from the Electronic Patient Record in order to assess the evolution of the aneurysm after the intervention. The results show that the system proposed by this approach yields valuable qualitative and quantitative information for follow-up of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm patients after Endovascular Repair.

Legarreta, Jon Haitz; Boto, Fernando; Macía, Iván; Maiora, Josu; García, Guillermo; Paloc, Céline; Graña, Manuel; de Blas, Mariano

 
 
 
 
281

Tratamiento de los defectos de la pared abdominal (gastrosquisis y onfalocele) en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, 1998-2006 / Management of abdominal wall defects (gastroschisis and omphalocele) at Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, in Medellín, Colombia, 1998-2006  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción:la gastrosquisis y el onfalocele son malformaciones de la pared abdominal en neonatos que, a pesar de sus grandes diferencias, tienen en común el hecho de ser enfermedades graves caracterizadas por la herniación de las vísceras intrabdominales a través de un defecto de la pared abdomina [...] l. Los niños con estas enfermedades se presentan como emergencias quirúrgicas que plantean un reto difícil para el cirujano tratante. Tienen una tasa de mortalidad que oscila entre 20- 40%, aun con el tratamiento apropiado y se asocian a un amplio rango de malformaciones, principalmente en los niños con onfalocele. Objetivo: el objetivo de la presente revisión retrospectiva es describir el tratamientode los pacientes con gastrosquisis y onfalocele, y los resultados con él obtenidos, entre 1998 y 2006, en la Sección de Cirugía Pediátrica del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl (HUSVP), de Medellín. Pacientes y métodos: se evaluaron todos los pacientes que ingresaron al Servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica del HUSVP con diagnóstico de gastrosquisis u onfalocele, entre el 1 de enero de 1998 y el 31 de diciembre de 2006. Se definió el tipo de tratamiento llevado a cabo y, de acuerdo con este, se revisaron los resultados: las complicaciones posquirúrgicas, tales como infección del sitio operatorio, evisceración, sepsis, íleo e hipertensión intrabdominal; el tiempo de inicio de la vía oral y de la nutrición parenteral total (NPT); la permanencia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI) y la duración de la estancia hospitalaria. Resultados: se identificaron 55 pacientes, 32 con gastrosquisis y 23 con onfalocele; en todos se hizo tratamiento quirúrgico. En 31 pacientes (56,4%) se hizo cierre primario y en 24 (43,6%), cierre por etapas; en esta última modalidad el procedimiento más utilizado fue el silo (12 niños; (50%). En 42 pacientes (76,4%) se presentaron complicaciones la más frecuente de las cuales fue la sepsis. La frecuencia de complicaciones asociadas al procedimiento quirúrgico fue similar para el cierre primario y el cierre por etapas (49,9% y 49,7%, respectivamente). El inicio de la vía oral fue más temprano para los pacientes tratados con cierre primario. Los pacientes con gastrosquisis requirieron mayor tiempo de estancia en la UCI y en el hospital. Murieron 16 pacientes (29,1%); la mortalidad fue más alta en los que tenían onfalocele (10/23; 43,5%) que en los con gastrosquisis (6/32; 18,8%). Abstract in english Introduction: Gastroschisis and omphalocele are neonatal malformations of the abdominal wall. Despite their great differences, both are severe diseases characterized by herniation of viscera through the defect in the abdominal wall. Children with these defects present as surgical emergencies that po [...] se a difficult challenge to the attending surgeon. Even with appropriate management, the mortality rate is between 20-40%. Omphalocele and, to a lesser degree gastroschisis, are associated with a wide range of malformations. Objective: The aim of this retrospective review was to describe the management of children with gastroschisis or omphalocele, and the results obtained with it, at the Pediatric Surgery Section, Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, in Medellin, Colombia. Patients and methods: We evaluated the charts of all patients admitted to the Pediatric Surgery Section, between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 2006, with a diagnosis of gastroschisis or omphalocele. The type of treatment was defined as either primary closure or closure by stages; accordingly, we reviewed the results of the operation, the surgical complications (surgical site infection, evisceration, sepsis, ileus and intraabdominal hypertension), the time of onset of oral and total parenteral nutrition (TPN), and the duration of hospital and UCI stay. Results: 55 patients were identified, 32 with gastroschisis and 23 with omphalocele, all of whom were surgically treated. In 31 patients (56.4%) primary closure w

Míriam Natalia, Herrera Toro; María Elena, Arango Rave; Paula María, Jaramillo Gómez.

282

Tratamiento de los defectos de la pared abdominal (gastrosquisis y onfalocele) en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, Medellín, 1998-2006 / Management of abdominal wall defects (gastroschisis and omphalocele) at Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, in Medellín, Colombia, 1998-2006  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Colombia | Language: Spanish Abstract in spanish Introducción:la gastrosquisis y el onfalocele son malformaciones de la pared abdominal en neonatos que, a pesar de sus grandes diferencias, tienen en común el hecho de ser enfermedades graves caracterizadas por la herniación de las vísceras intrabdominales a través de un defecto de la pared abdomina [...] l. Los niños con estas enfermedades se presentan como emergencias quirúrgicas que plantean un reto difícil para el cirujano tratante. Tienen una tasa de mortalidad que oscila entre 20- 40%, aun con el tratamiento apropiado y se asocian a un amplio rango de malformaciones, principalmente en los niños con onfalocele. Objetivo: el objetivo de la presente revisión retrospectiva es describir el tratamientode los pacientes con gastrosquisis y onfalocele, y los resultados con él obtenidos, entre 1998 y 2006, en la Sección de Cirugía Pediátrica del Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl (HUSVP), de Medellín. Pacientes y métodos: se evaluaron todos los pacientes que ingresaron al Servicio de Cirugía Pediátrica del HUSVP con diagnóstico de gastrosquisis u onfalocele, entre el 1 de enero de 1998 y el 31 de diciembre de 2006. Se definió el tipo de tratamiento llevado a cabo y, de acuerdo con este, se revisaron los resultados: las complicaciones posquirúrgicas, tales como infección del sitio operatorio, evisceración, sepsis, íleo e hipertensión intrabdominal; el tiempo de inicio de la vía oral y de la nutrición parenteral total (NPT); la permanencia en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI) y la duración de la estancia hospitalaria. Resultados: se identificaron 55 pacientes, 32 con gastrosquisis y 23 con onfalocele; en todos se hizo tratamiento quirúrgico. En 31 pacientes (56,4%) se hizo cierre primario y en 24 (43,6%), cierre por etapas; en esta última modalidad el procedimiento más utilizado fue el silo (12 niños; (50%). En 42 pacientes (76,4%) se presentaron complicaciones la más frecuente de las cuales fue la sepsis. La frecuencia de complicaciones asociadas al procedimiento quirúrgico fue similar para el cierre primario y el cierre por etapas (49,9% y 49,7%, respectivamente). El inicio de la vía oral fue más temprano para los pacientes tratados con cierre primario. Los pacientes con gastrosquisis requirieron mayor tiempo de estancia en la UCI y en el hospital. Murieron 16 pacientes (29,1%); la mortalidad fue más alta en los que tenían onfalocele (10/23; 43,5%) que en los con gastrosquisis (6/32; 18,8%). Abstract in english Introduction: Gastroschisis and omphalocele are neonatal malformations of the abdominal wall. Despite their great differences, both are severe diseases characterized by herniation of viscera through the defect in the abdominal wall. Children with these defects present as surgical emergencies that po [...] se a difficult challenge to the attending surgeon. Even with appropriate management, the mortality rate is between 20-40%. Omphalocele and, to a lesser degree gastroschisis, are associated with a wide range of malformations. Objective: The aim of this retrospective review was to describe the management of children with gastroschisis or omphalocele, and the results obtained with it, at the Pediatric Surgery Section, Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, in Medellin, Colombia. Patients and methods: We evaluated the charts of all patients admitted to the Pediatric Surgery Section, between January 1, 1998 and December 31, 2006, with a diagnosis of gastroschisis or omphalocele. The type of treatment was defined as either primary closure or closure by stages; accordingly, we reviewed the results of the operation, the surgical complications (surgical site infection, evisceration, sepsis, ileus and intraabdominal hypertension), the time of onset of oral and total parenteral nutrition (TPN), and the duration of hospital and UCI stay. Results: 55 patients were identified, 32 with gastroschisis and 23 with omphalocele, all of whom were surgically treated. In 31 patients (56.4%) primary closure w

Míriam Natalia, Herrera Toro; María Elena, Arango Rave; Paula María, Jaramillo Gómez.

2010-09-01

283

Endovascular treatment in pregnancy  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

There is an increased risk of stroke during pregnancy and the puerperium. Decisions should be made immediately upon transfer to each institution, particularly with respect to when and how to treat the patient. This review highlights the feasibility of endovascular treatment in pregnancy. Most of the pharmaceutical agents and therapeutic devices used in clinical practice can be utilized in pregnant patients. Comprehensive information on the benefits and risks of treatment should be explained to the patient and her family, with particular attention to the safety of the mother and fetus. Radiation exposure to the fetus is also a concern; the hazard can be minimized with optimal protection. Several studies have demonstrated that conventional procedures do not cause serious radiation exposure exceeding the threshold of safety to the fetus. Endovascular therapy can be safely performed for the treatment of acute stroke as in non-pregnant patients with adequate attention to pharmaceutical agents and shielding from radiation. In contrast to therapy for acute stroke, preventive endovascular treatment for asymptomatic lesions remains controversial. Several conditions, such as cerebral aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations, are known to bleed more frequently in pregnancy, but whether the benefits of preventive treatment outweigh the associated risks is unknown. The decision for preventive treatment should be carefully made on a case-by-case basis after extensive discussion with the patient. (author)

284

Aortic dissection. Basic aspects and endovascular management  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Treatment of thoracic aortic pathology is complicated by the morbidity associated to the surgical procedure and to the frailty of an elderly and difficult population. Surgical operation in this kind of population frequently bears a significant incidence of death and long-term disability. In an effort to reduce the incidence of negative outcomes, minimally invasive techniques in the form of endovascular stenting have been introduced during the past decade. The technology, originally described by Parodi, and initially designed for its use in abdominal aortic aneurysms, has been adapted for the treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms. Furthermore, an improved understanding of the pathophysiology and the natural history of thoracic aortic disease as well as the analysis of the outcomes have facilitated our treatment decisions in terms of the timing for an appropriate intervention. Treatment of thoracic aortic dissection using endovascular Stent is one of the more recent advances in this condition and is receiving increasing attention, as it is a less invasive alternative to an open surgical repair. Although this technology is still innovative, significant improvements have been made lately in the design and deployment of the endovascular Stent-grafts. These prostheses have been increasingly used to treat aneurysms, dissections and traumatic ruptures, as well as giant penetrating ulcers and intramural hematomas of the descending thoracic aorta with good early and mid-term oracic aorta with good early and mid-term outcomes. The rareness, complexity and severity of the pathology and the theoretically high risk of complications should render the surgeon extremely cautious especially with young patients. Conceptually, the endo luminal treatment in the acute phase seems to be the solution and will probably become a preferred therapy while technical refinement is under way. Worldwide experience is growing and with this a better understanding of the indications and limitations of this innovative therapy will be elucidated. The clinical, diagnostic and management perspectives on aortic dissection and its variants, aortic intramural hematoma and atherosclerotic aortic ulcer, are reviewed

285

Gastrointestinal complications following infrarenal endovascular aneurysm repair.  

Science.gov (United States)

Gastrointestinal complications are known to occur after open elective aortic aneurysm repair. This leads to increased morbidity, mortality, length of stay, and hospital costs. The authors hypothesize a change in the character and/or frequency of early postoperative gastrointestinal complications after endovascular aneurysm repair as compared to open abdominal aortic repair. This is a retrospective cohort study in which the medical records of 153 consecutive patients who underwent endovascular infrarenal aneurysm repair from November 1998 to August 2001 were reviewed for gastrointestinal complications. Of these 153 patients, 9 (5.9%) had postoperative gastrointestinal complications. Three patients (1.9%) underwent exploratory laparotomy for small bowel obstruction. One patient had had a right hemicolectomy for cancer 2 years before stent graft placement. This patient needed a partial small bowel resection. One patient had had a right hemicolectomy 4 months before stent graft placement; he had lysis of adhesions with no bowel resection. A third patient underwent operative repair of an incarcerated inguinal hernia. Six patients (3.9%) had paralytic ileus that was treated by nasogastric tube or observation resulting in an extended hospital length of stay. All cases of ileus resolved without any operative intervention. No patients in this series developed any intestinal ischemia, pancreatitis, cholecystitis, or gastrointestinal bleeding. After endovascular aneurysm repair, gastrointestinal complications such as ileus and postoperative small bowel obstruction are seen with a similar frequency as after open aortic repair. This occurs despite the absence of a laparotomy with mesenteric dissection and evisceration. In this series, these complications are associated with longer hospital length of stay but no increased mortality rate. No instances of colonic ischemia, pancreatitis, cholecystitis, or gastrointestinal bleeding were seen in this series. PMID:15064844

Malinzak, Lauren E; Long, Graham W; Bove, Paul G; Brown, O William; Romano, William; Shanley, Charles J; Zelenock, Gerald B; Bendick, Phillip J

2004-01-01

286

High dose rate endovascular brachytherapy in aorto-iliac lesion for the prevention of restenosis  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

This study examined the applicability of endovascular brachytherapy to larger del arteries such as the abdominal aorta and iliac artery. Endovascular brachytherapy using an Ir-192 HDR source was administered 11 times to nine patients who had undergone percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) between 1995 and 1999. The follow-up lasted 13 to 55 months after treatment (median, 24 months). Eight of the 11 lesions have been controlled so far. Although one case developed thrombus inside the stent five months later, recanalization was achieved by means of retreatment. One patient who underwent low-dose irradiation (6 Gy) without stent implantation showed restenosis five months after treatment. We used a centering catheter that did not block the blood stream for exact centering of the radiation source in larger vessels such as the abdominal aorta. Although endovascular brachytherapy is a promising and safe procedure, careful follow-up is needed to detect untoward reactions such as thrombosis. (author)

287

Abdominal aortic aneurysm repair complicated by infection with Clostridium septicum.  

Science.gov (United States)

Aortic stent-graft infection after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair is an uncommon, but very serious complication with potentially devastating consequences.(1) Traditional open techniques of repair of AAA demonstrate an infection rate of 0.5-3%. The exact rate of infection with endovascular repair is unknown, but literature review demonstrates an overall incidence of 0.43-1.17% retrospectively.(2,3) Etiology of endovascular graft infections typically results from flora derived from the skin or gastrointestinal tract.(4)Clostridium septicum is a naturally occurring anaerobic bacterium native to the gastrointestinal tract. It is typically associated with spontaneous nontraumatic gas gangrene owing to bacteremia from the gastrointestinal tract with an incidence rate of 0.07%.(5) To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of endovascular AAA graft infection owing to Clostridium septicum species. PMID:21620673

Colwick, Sarah E; Alkhoury, Fuad; Martin, Jeremiah T; Ferneini, Antoine M

2011-08-01

288

Quantification of abdominal aortic deformation after EVAR  

Science.gov (United States)

Quantification of abdominal aortic deformation is an important requirement for the evaluation of endovascular stenting procedures and the further refinement of stent graft design. During endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) treatment, the aortic shape is subject to severe deformation that is imposed by medical instruments such as guide wires, catheters, and, the stent graft. This deformation can affect the flow characteristics and morphology of the aorta which have been shown to be elicitors for stent graft failures and be reason for reappearance of aneurysms. We present a method for quantifying the deformation of an aneurysmatic aorta imposed by an inserted stent graft device. The outline of the procedure includes initial rigid alignment of the two abdominal scans, segmentation of abdominal vessel trees, and automatic reduction of their centerline structures to one specified region of interest around the aorta. This is accomplished by preprocessing and remodeling of the pre- and postoperative aortic shapes before performing a non-rigid registration. We further narrow the resulting displacement fields to only include local non-rigid deformation and therefore, eliminate all remaining global rigid transformations. Finally, deformations for specified locations can be calculated from the resulting displacement fields. In order to evaluate our method, experiments for the extraction of aortic deformation fields are conducted on 15 patient datasets from endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) treatment. A visual assessment of the registration results and evaluation of the usage of deformation quantification were performed by two vascular surgeons and one interventional radiologist who are all experts in EVAR procedures.

Demirci, Stefanie; Manstad-Hulaas, Frode; Navab, Nassir

2009-02-01

289

Imaging of complications after endoluminal treatment of abdominal aortic aneurysms  

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Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm is becoming a valuable alternative to open surgery in selected patients. With the recognition of this new treatment, however, many complications, some of them life-threatening, are reported. Imaging plays a major role in the detection of these complications. This article reviews the role of imaging techniques in the detection of these complications. (orig.)

Golzarian, J.; Struyven, J. [Dept. of Radiology, Erasme Hospital, Univ. Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels (Belgium)

2001-11-01

290

Endovascular repair of aortic disease: a venture capital perspective.  

Science.gov (United States)

Endovascular devices for the treatment of abdominal and thoracic aortic disease are poised to become the next $1 billion medical device market. A shift from open repair to endovascular repair, advances in technology, screening initiatives, and new indications are driving this growth. Although billion-dollar medical device markets are rare, this field is fraught with risk and uncertainty for startups and their venture capital investors. Technological hurdles, daunting clinical and regulatory timelines, market adoption issues, and entrenched competitors pose significant barriers to successful new venture creation. In fact, the number of aortic endografts that have failed to reach commercialization or have been pulled from the market exceeds the number of Food and Drug Administration-approved endografts in the United States. This article will shed some light on the venture capital mind-set and decision-making paradigm in the context of aortic disease. PMID:21326532

Buchanan, Lucas W; Stavropoulos, S William; Resnick, Joshua B; Solomon, Jeffrey

2009-03-01

291

Anesthetic management in endovascular treatment of aortic pathologies  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Objective: In this study we aimed to compare the anesthesia methods we used in the endovascular treatment of thoracic and abdominal aorta pathologies and to discuss accompanied by literature. Methods: Our study was carried out be retrospectively assessing a total of 20 patients on whom we had administered endovascular treatment for aortic aneurism and aortic dissection. The demographic features of the patients, their American Anesthesia Association (ASA scores, laboratory findings, accompanying diseases, whether they smoke, their ejection fraction and the place and type of aortic pathology was recorded. Also the surgical procedure, anesthesia method, the amounts of crystalloids, colloids and blood products used during the surgery, the anesthesia and surgery durations, complications and interventions, duration of stays in intensive care and the hospital in general and the mortality rates were recorded. All cases were provided with standard anesthesia monitoring. Results: A total of 20 (M=15, F=5 cases were included in our study. 16 of our cases were in ASA 3 risk group and 4 were in ASA 4 risk group. While patients who had been administered with thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR were all given general anesthesia, seven patients who had been administered with abdominal endovascular aortic repair (EVAR were given regional and 6 were given general anesthesia and one case was only given sedoanalgesia. While 8 of the patients administered with EVAR had hypertension all of the patients administered with TEVAR had hypertension. No significant differences were found in blood and blood product transfusions, preoperative and postoperative hemoglobin, hematocrit, urea and creatinine values between two groups. Conclusion: In EVAR and TEVAR applications general anesthesia, regional anesthesia, sedoanalgesia accompanied by local anesthesia can be successfully administered depending on the patient’s status and the location of the procedure.

Abdulmenap Güzel

2014-06-01

292

Tratamento endovascular da persistência do canal arterial em adulto Patent ductus arteriosus: endovascular treatment in adult patient  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available A persistência do canal arterial (PCA é uma anomalia relativamente freqüente e de simples correção. A correção envolve a ligadura do ducto com ou sem a sua secção. A anomalia em adultos pode provocar hipertensão pulmonar persistente e disfunção ventricular. A correção em adultos é controversa e de maior risco. Um caso de correção endovascular com acesso intra-abdominal da PCA em adulto é descrito.The patent ductus arteriosus (PDA is a common type of congenital heart defect and its correction is simple when performed early in life. Surgery is performed using stitches or clips. In adults, the anomaly can lead to pulmonary hypertension and ventricular dysfunction. Surgery in adults is controversial and high-risk. This report describes an alternative endovascular approach in an adult patient.

Diego Felipe Gaia

2008-08-01

293

Implante de endoprótese para tratamento de úlcera penetrante de aorta / Endovascular stent-graft treatment of penetrating aortic ulcer / Implante de endoprótesis para tratamiento de úlcera penetrante de aorta  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: Portuguese Abstract in portuguese A úlcera aterosclerótica penetrante de aorta é uma patologia subdiagnosticada que apresenta altas taxas de morbimortalidade. Relatamos dois casos de pacientes com dor torácica intensa sem características isquêmicas que foram submetidos a angiotomografia de tórax e apresentaram ulceração na parede da [...] aorta com penetração de contraste na camada média. Em razão da falha no tratamento clínico, foram submetidos a implante percutâneo de endoprótese aórtica com resolução completa dos sintomas. Abstract in spanish La úlcera aterosclerótica penetrante de aorta es una patología subdiagnosticada que presenta altas tasas de morbimortalidad. Referimos dos casos de pacientes con dolor torácico intenso sin características isquémicas que se sometieron a una angiotomografía de tórax y presentaron ulceración en la pare [...] d de la aorta con penetración de contraste en la capa media. En razón de la falta en el tratamiento clínico, se sometieron a implantación percutánea de endoprótesis aórtica con resolución completa de los síntomas. Abstract in english Penet rat ing aor t ic atherosclerot ic ulcer i s an underdiagnosed condition that presents high rates of morbidity and mortality. We report two cases of patients with severe chest pain, with no ischemic features, who underwent chest angiotomography and showed an ulceration of the aortic wall, with [...] contrast penetration into the middle layer. Due to the failure of the medical treatment, the patients underwent percutaneous aortic stent implantation with complete resolution of symptoms.

Rogério Tadeu, Tumelero; Norberto Toazza, Duda; Alexandre Pereira, Tognon; Luciano, Panata; Júlio Cesar Canfield, Teixeira; João Batista Machado, Giongo.

294

Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and endovascular procedures: report of two cases / Trombocitopenia induzida por heparina e tratamento endovascular: relato de dois casos  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Trombocitopenia induzida por heparina (TIH) é um distúrbio transitório causado pela ativação de anticorpos anti-plaquetários contra o fator plaquetário 4 (FP4) combinado com a molécula de heparina, formando complexos que clinicamente se traduzem em tromboses arteriais ou venosas com alta morbimortal [...] idade. O uso de altas doses de heparina durante procedimentos endovasculares para o tratamento de aneurisma de aorta abdominal pode aumentar a incidência de TIH. Relatamos dois casos em que o uso de heparina durante tratamento endovascular de aneurisma de aorta abdominal estava associado ao aparecimento de TIH. Abstract in english Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a transient disorder caused by platelet-activating antibodies against platelet factor 4 (PF4)-heparin complexes. Clinically it translates into arterial or venous thrombosis and carries high morbidity and mortality. The use of large doses of heparin during en [...] dovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm could increase the incidence of HIT. We report two cases associating the use of heparin during endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm with the development of HIT.

Christiane Campolina Furquim, Werneck; Allan, Lossing; Thomas F., Lindsay.

295

Introduction: Endovascular neurosurgery video supplement.  

Science.gov (United States)

It is with great pride that we present this Neurosurgical Focus video supplement on endovascular neurosurgery. We were privileged to view a multitude of outstanding quality videos demonstrating the current state-of-the-art in endovascular neurosurgery. Careful and critical review was required to narrow down the videos to a workable volume for this supplement, though there were many more that we would have liked to have included. This issue consists of several videos that represent modern neuroendovascular techniques for the treatment of cerebrovascular disease. The videos demonstrate the cutting-edge as well as standard endovascular therapies, which will be valuable to both the novice and the expert endovascular neurosurgeons. We are greatly honored to be involved with this project, and are very proud of its content and expert authors. We confidently believe you will enjoy the video content of this supplement. PMID:24983734

Hoh, Brian; Lanzino, Giuseppe

2014-07-01

296

Discinesia abdominal paroxística: Presentación de un caso Paroxysmal abdominal dyscinesia: A case report  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Se reporta un caso de trastorno paroxístico del movimiento, localizado en la pared abdominal. Es involuntario y tiene las características de una discinesia abdominal. La paciente tiene antecedentes de menarquía precoz, sin desarrollo de caracteres sexuales secundarios. Respondió muy favorablemente al tratamiento con carbamazepina. Se revisa la literatura sobre el tema.

Ileana Valdivia Alvarez

2005-12-01

297

Abdominal splenosis.  

Science.gov (United States)

Splenosis is a benign condition caused by an ectopic autotransplantation of splenic tissues after splenic trauma or surgery. It usually occurs within the abdominal and pelvic cavity. Patients are generally asymptomatic and this entity is diagnosed accidentally. However, occasionally extensive abdominal splenosis poses a significant diagnostic dilemma for gastroenterologists, especially when this condition manifests as a disseminated metastatic malignant disease on abdominal imaging.This paper presents a concise review of the literature on this often misleading disorder. The crucial role of taking a thorough patient´s medical history concerning splenic trauma in the past, the need for differential diagnosis of tumor-like lesions disclosed on abdominal imaging and novel diagnostics modalities that allow avoiding unnecessary laparotomy in case of abdominal splenosis are stressed.The increased prevalence of abdominal trauma due to road accidents and the growing armamentarium of available imaging modalities suggest that abdominal splenosis may be expected more often than ever.In order to prevent any possible diagnostic doubts and unnecessary future invasive examinations, confirmed splenosis should be recorded in the medical documentation of the patient. PMID:21867352

Ksiadzyna, Dorota; Peña, Amado Salvador

2011-08-01

298

Abdominal trauma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

The potential for multiple intraperitoneal and retroperitoneal organ injuries often makes accurate clinical evaluation of abdominal trauma patients difficult. Additionally, patients may be unresponsive, have unreliable abdominal physical examinations, or have concurrent serious head and cervical spine injuries which delay diagnosis of and attention to abdominal problems. In these situations radiologic abdominal imaging is often requested. To expedite patient evaluation, close cooperation between the emergency physician and the radiologist is essential. It is the clinical stability of the traumatized patient that dictates the extent of radiologic imaging. Life-threatening hypotension, positive peritoneal signs, or clear evidence of penetrating abdominal injury are indications for immediate surgery. Stable patients with signs suggesting intra-abdominal injury will benefit by further radiologic evaluation with appropriate imaging modalities. The selection of an appropriate modality in any one clinical situation depends upon many criteria including accessibility to diagnostic equipment, the sensitivity and specificity of each technique, and the expertise and preference of the attending radiologist. A suggested scheme for evaluating abdominal trauma patients is presented. Most aspects of this evaluation scheme will be discussed in depth

299

Abdominal trauma  

International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

Abdominal injury is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in childhood. Ten percent of trauma-related deaths are due to abdominal injury. Thousands of children are involved in auto accidents annually; many suffer severe internal injury. Child abuse is a second less frequent but equally serious cause of internal abdominal injury. The descriptions of McCort and Eisenstein and their associates in the 1960s first brought to attention the frequency and severity of visceral injury as important manifestations of the child abuse syndrome. Blunt abdominal trauma often causes multiple injuries; in the past, many children have been subjected to exploratory surgery to evaluate the extent of possible hidden injury. Since the advent of noninvasive radiologic imaging techniques including radionuclide scans and ultrasound and, especially, computed tomography (CT), the radiologist has been better able to assess (accurately) the extent of abdominal injury and thus allow conservative therapy in many cases. Penetrating abdominal trauma occurs following gunshot wounds, stabbing, and other similar injury. This is fortunately, a relatively uncommon occurrence in most pediatric centers and will not be discussed specifically here, although many principles of blunt trauma diagnosis are valid for evaluation of penetrating abdominal trauma. If there is any question that a wound has extended intraperitonelly, a sinogram with water-soluble contrast material allows quick, accurate diagnosis. The presence of large amounts of free intraperitoneal gas suggests penetrating injury to the colon or other gas-containing viscus and is generally considered an indication for surgery

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Endovascular treatment of a triple paraanastomotic aneurysm after aortobiiliac reconstruction Tratamento endovascular de triplo aneurisma para-anastomótico após derivação aorto-biilíaca  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available We report a case of a 72-year-old patient considered unfit for open surgery, presenting with paraanastomotic aneurysms of all three anastomoses, 13 years after an open aortobiiliac reconstruction for abdominal aortic aneurysm. This patient was successfully treated with an endovascular approach using a left aortouniiliac endograft and a right iliac tubular endograft, followed by crossover femorofemoral bypass. This report illustrates the usefulness of a minimally invasive approach for solving this complication of aortic open surgery and discusses technical issues related to endovascular devices in this particular setting.Relatamos um caso de um paciente de 72 anos não considerado elegível para cirurgia aberta, apresentando aneurismas para-anastomóticos das três anastomoses, 13 anos após uma reconstrução aberta aorto-biilíaca para aneurisma aórtico abdominal. Este paciente foi tratado com sucesso através de abordagem endovascular usando uma endoprótese aorto-uniilíaca esquerda e uma endoprótese tubular ilíaca direita, seguida por derivação cruzada fêmoro-femoral. Este relato ilustra a utilidade de uma abordagem minimamente invasiva para o tratamento desta complicação da cirurgia aórtica aberta e discute questões técnicas relacionadas a dispositivos endovasculares neste contexto em especial.

Alexandre Campos Moraes Amato

2008-09-01

 
 
 
 
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Endovascular treatment of a triple paraanastomotic aneurysm after aortobiiliac reconstruction / Tratamento endovascular de triplo aneurisma para-anastomótico após derivação aorto-biilíaca  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese Relatamos um caso de um paciente de 72 anos não considerado elegível para cirurgia aberta, apresentando aneurismas para-anastomóticos das três anastomoses, 13 anos após uma reconstrução aberta aorto-biilíaca para aneurisma aórtico abdominal. Este paciente foi tratado com sucesso através de abordagem [...] endovascular usando uma endoprótese aorto-uniilíaca esquerda e uma endoprótese tubular ilíaca direita, seguida por derivação cruzada fêmoro-femoral. Este relato ilustra a utilidade de uma abordagem minimamente invasiva para o tratamento desta complicação da cirurgia aórtica aberta e discute questões técnicas relacionadas a dispositivos endovasculares neste contexto em especial. Abstract in english We report a case of a 72-year-old patient considered unfit for open surgery, presenting with paraanastomotic aneurysms of all three anastomoses, 13 years after an open aortobiiliac reconstruction for abdominal aortic aneurysm. This patient was successfully treated with an endovascular approach using [...] a left aortouniiliac endograft and a right iliac tubular endograft, followed by crossover femorofemoral bypass. This report illustrates the usefulness of a minimally invasive approach for solving this complication of aortic open surgery and discusses technical issues related to endovascular devices in this particular setting.

Alexandre Campos Moraes, Amato; Andrea, Kahlberg; Luca, Bertoglio; Germano, Melissano; Roberto, Chiesa.

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Endotension: rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm / Endotensão: ruptura de aneurisma de aorta abdominal  

Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

Full Text Available SciELO Brazil | Language: English Abstract in portuguese A técnica de exclusão endovascular conhecida como 'chaminé' consiste na colocação de stent em ramos viscerais e de endoprótese excluindo o aneurisma toracoabdominal. São colocados stents revestidos nas artérias renais e uma endoprótese aórtica, que o método utilizado quando a cirurgia aberta tem ris [...] co muito alto. O mecanismo que causa a expansão aneurismática sem a presença detectável de vazamento pelos métodos de imagem não está completamente esclarecido. A expansão do saco aneurismático por endotensão é de difícil diagnóstico, mesmo com o uso de técnicas de imagem avançadas, como tomografia computadorizada e eco-Doppler, sendo o diagnóstico por exclusão. Apresenta-se um caso de complicação tardia após o tratamento endovascular pela técnica da 'chaminé'. Após a cirurgia, o paciente apresentou ruptura sem endoleak visível. Outro procedimento endovascular foi impossibilitado pela técnica da 'chaminé', que dificulta novos procedimentos e há alto risco de oclusão dos ramos. Endotensão é causa de ruptura e óbito. Abstract in english Aortic endovascular exclusion technique called 'chimney' consists of placing stents through abdominal aortic visceral branches and a prosthesis that excludes the thoraco-abdominal aneurysm. Stents and an aortic endoprosthesis are placed in the renal arteries. This method is primarily used when open [...] surgery is too risky. The mechanism that provides aneurysm sac increase without the visible presence of endoleaks has not been fully elucidated. The expansion of the aneurysm sac, due to endotension, is difficult to diagnose, even with the use of advanced imaging tests. Its diagnosis is made by exclusion. We present a case of a late complication in a high-risk patient after a 'chimney' endovascular procedure. Following the surgery, the patient presented a ruptured aneurysm sac without a visible endoleak. A second intervention was not feasible due to the high risk of occluding all of the branches, and complicated by previous 'chimney'. Endotension is a possible cause of aneurysm rupture and death.

Alexandre Campos Moraes, Amato; Flávio Amim, Abraham; Henrique Dini, Kraide; Leandro Teixeira, Rocha; Ricardo Virginio dos, Santos.

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Endotension: rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm Endotensão: ruptura de aneurisma de aorta abdominal  

Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

Full Text Available Aortic endovascular exclusion technique called 'chimney' consists of placing stents through abdominal aortic visceral branches and a prosthesis that excludes the thoraco-abdominal aneurysm. Stents and an aortic endoprosthesis are placed in the renal arteries. This method is primarily used when open surgery is too risky. The mechanism that provides aneurysm sac increase without the visible presence of endoleaks has not been fully elucidated. The expansion of the aneurysm sac, due to endotension, is difficult to diagnose, even with the use of advanced imaging tests. Its diagnosis is made by exclusion. We present a case of a late complication in a high-risk patient after a 'chimney' endovascular procedure. Following the surgery, the patient presented a ruptured aneurysm sac without a visible endoleak. A second intervention was not feasible due to the high risk of occluding all of the branches, and complicated by previous 'chimney'. Endotension is a possible cause of aneurysm rupture and death.A técnica de exclusão endovascular conhecida como 'chaminé' consiste na colocação de stent em ramos viscerais e de endoprótese excluindo o aneurisma toracoabdominal. São colocados stents revestidos nas artérias renais e uma endoprótese aórtica, que o método utilizado quando a cirurgia aberta tem risco muito alto. O mecanismo que causa a expansão aneurismática sem a presença detectável de vazamento pelos métodos de imagem não está completamente esclarecido. A expansão do saco aneurismático por endotensão é de difícil diagnóstico, mesmo com o uso de técnicas de imagem avançadas, como tomografia computadorizada e eco-Doppler, sendo o diagnóstico por exclusão. Apresenta-se um caso de complicação tardia após o tratamento endovascular pela técnica da 'chaminé'. Após a cirurgia, o paciente apresentou ruptura sem endoleak visível. Outro procedimento endovascular foi impossibilitado pela técnica da 'chaminé', que dificulta novos procedimentos e há alto risco de oclusão dos ramos. Endotensão é causa de ruptura e óbito.

Alexandre Campos Moraes Amato

2012-06-01