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Sample records for abbreviations

  1. Abbreviations

    Brine, Kevin R.; Ciletti, Elena; Lähnemann, Henrike

    2013-01-01

    List of abbreviations of books of the Bible and versions of the Bible as used in this volume (according to The Chicago Manual of Style, 15th ed., 2003, sections 15.50–54). The Jewish Bible/Old Testament Am Amos 1 Chr 1 Chronicles 2 Chr 2 Chronicles Dn Daniel Dt Deuteronomy Eccl Ecclesiastes Est Esther Ex Exodus Ez Ezekiel Gn Genesis Hg Haggai Hos Hosea Is Isaiah Jer Jeremiah Jb Job Jl Joel Jon Jonah Jo Joshua Jgs Judges 1 Kgs 1 Kings 2 Kgs 2 Kings Lam Lamentations Lv Leviticus Mal Malachi Mi ...

  2. FDA Acronyms and Abbreviations

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The FDA Acronyms and Abbreviations database provides a quick reference to acronyms and abbreviations related to Food and Drug Administration (FDA) activities

  3. A study of abbreviations in MEDLINE abstracts.

    Liu, Hongfang; Aronson, Alan R; Friedman, Carol

    2002-01-01

    Abbreviations are widely used in writing, and the understanding of abbreviations is important for natural language processing applications. Abbreviations are not always defined in a document and they are highly ambiguous. A knowledge base that consists of abbreviations with their associated senses and a method to resolve the ambiguities are needed. In this paper, we studied the UMLS coverage, textual variants of senses, and the ambiguity of abbreviations in MEDLINE abstracts. We restricted ou...

  4. Global change: Acronyms and abbreviations

    Woodard, C.T. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Stoss, F.W. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center

    1995-05-01

    This list of acronyms and abbreviations is compiled to provide the user with a ready reference to dicipher the linguistic initialisms and abridgements for the study of global change. The terms included in this first edition were selected from a wide variety of sources: technical reports, policy documents, global change program announcements, newsletters, and other periodicals. The disciplinary interests covered by this document include agriculture, atmospheric science, ecology, environmental science, oceanography, policy science, and other fields. In addition to its availability in hard copy, the list of acronyms and abbreviations is available in DOS-formatted diskettes and through CDIAC`s anonymous File Transfer Protocol (FTP) area on the Internet.

  5. 40 CFR 86.1203-85 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... Test Procedures for New Gasoline-Fueled, Natural Gas-Fueled, Liquefied Petroleum Gas-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.1203-85 Abbreviations. The abbreviations in § 86.079-3 apply...

  6. 40 CFR 86.098-3 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ..., and for 1985 and Later Model Year New Gasoline Fueled, Natural Gas-Fueled, Liquefied Petroleum Gas-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.098-3 Abbreviations. (a) The abbreviations in §...

  7. 40 CFR 86.000-3 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ..., and for 1985 and Later Model Year New Gasoline Fueled, Natural Gas-Fueled, Liquefied Petroleum Gas-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.000-3 Abbreviations. The abbreviations in §...

  8. 40 CFR 86.096-3 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ..., and for 1985 and Later Model Year New Gasoline Fueled, Natural Gas-Fueled, Liquefied Petroleum Gas-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.096-3 Abbreviations. (a) The abbreviations in §...

  9. 40 CFR 86.094-3 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ...-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.094-3 Abbreviations. (a) The abbreviations in § 86... Petroleum Gas NMHC—Nonmethane Hydrocarbons NMHCE—Non-Methane Hydrocarbon Equivalent PM—Particulate...

  10. Classification and Translation of Chinese Abbreviations

    郭颖婷

    2014-01-01

    Chinese abbreviation, containing fewer words and delivering a wealth of information, is a vital component of Chinese language. But the tremendous differences between Chinese and English make it an arduous task to translate Chinese abbreviations into English. Based on the analyses of the structure and patterns of word-formation of Chinese abbreviations, it makes a classifi-cation of Chinese abbreviations, summarize the translation methods, and point out some attention points in translation. A system-atic analysis on the structure and classification of Chinese abbreviations will be beneficial to reduce the mistakes in its translation.

  11. New Abbreviations in Colloquial French

    Vladimir Pogačnik

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The author of the article treats the process of abbreviations, which he explored forty years ago in his master thesis. The article is based on the corpus created on the basis of Télématin broadcast on French television network TV5. According to the author, clipping is a widespread process that occurs primarily in various forms of oral communication. 

  12. Abbreviations

    2013-01-01

    ACAME Association des centrales d’achat de médicaments essentiels (Association of central medical stores for essential generic drugs) AMPOT Association malienne pour la promotion des ophtalmologues traditionnels (Malian association for the promotion of traditional ophthalmologists) CT Cicatricial (scar) trachoma DALY Disability Adjusted Life-Years DDT Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane DMT Department of traditional medicine DOTS Directly Observed Therapy Short Course FT Follicular trachoma GIS G...

  13. Abbreviations

    2013-01-01

    ADEGE Agence nationale pour la démoustication et la gestion des espaces démoustiqués CAREC Caribbean Epidemiology Center CDC Center for Disease Control and Prevention CIRE Cellule interrégionale d'épidémiologie Antilles-Guyane DHF Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever DSDS Direction de la santé et du développement social DSS Dengue Shock Syndrome EDEN European Association of Public Operators for Mosquito Control FDAs French Départements of America (refers to Guadeloupe, Martinique and French Guiana) IGR I...

  14. Abbreviations

    2013-01-01

    "AB" The official French logo for certified organic produce ("Agriculture Biologique") CF Conventional farming EF Ecological farming IFS Integrated farming systems LIF Low-input farming OF Organic farming OFgc Organic farming under group certification AFSAA Agence Française de Sécurité Sanitaire des Aliments (French food safety agency) AMAP Association pour le Maintien d'une Agriculture Paysanne (Association for the maintenance of small-scale farming – there is a network of such associations ...

  15. Abbreviations used in scientific and technical reports

    Reports contain a large number of abbreviations which have not yet been included in the current specialized dictionaries or lists of abbreviations. It is therefore often time-consuming or even fruitless to search for such abbreviations. The present alphabetical list of more than 4,000 abbreviations gathered from the report inventory of the Central Library of the KFA Juelich in the period from 1982-1986, taking into consideration all the scientific and technical disciplines, is intended to remedy a deficiency and to offer assistance which will undoubtedly be welcomed by scientists and engineers. (orig./HP)

  16. 40 CFR 86.090-3 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ..., and for 1985 and Later Model Year New Gasoline Fueled, Natural Gas-Fueled, Liquefied Petroleum Gas-Fueled and Methanol-Fueled Heavy-Duty Vehicles § 86.090-3 Abbreviations. (a) The abbreviations in § 86.... GC—Gas chromatograph. HPLC—High-pressure liquid chromatography. MeOH—Methanol (CH3OH)....

  17. Acronyms, initialisms, and abbreviations: Fourth Revision

    Tolman, B.J. [comp.

    1994-04-01

    This document lists acronyms used in technical writing. The immense list is supplemented by an appendix containing chemical elements, classified information access, common abbreviations used for functions, conversion factors for selected SI units, a flowcharting template, greek alphabet, metrix terminology, proofreader`s marks, signs and symbols, and state abbreviations.

  18. Generating abbreviations using Google Books library

    Solovyev, Valery D.; Bochkarev, Vladimir V.

    2014-01-01

    The article describes the original method of creating a dictionary of abbreviations based on the Google Books Ngram Corpus. The dictionary of abbreviations is designed for Russian, yet as its methodology is universal it can be applied to any language. The dictionary can be used to define the function of the period during text segmentation in various applied systems of text processing. The article describes difficulties encountered in the process of its construction as well as the ways to over...

  19. A Study of Abbreviations in Clinical Notes

    Xu, Hua; Stetson, Peter D.; Friedman, Carol

    2007-01-01

    Various natural language processing (NLP) systems have been developed to unlock patient information from narrative clinical notes in order to support knowledge based applications such as error detection, surveillance and decision support. In many clinical notes, abbreviations are widely used without mention of their definitions, which is very different from the use of abbreviations in the biomedical literature. Thus, it is critical, but more challenging, for NLP systems to correctly interpret...

  20. Abbreviation definition identification based on automatic precision estimates

    Kim Won; Comeau Donald C; Sohn Sunghwan; Wilbur W John

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background The rapid growth of biomedical literature presents challenges for automatic text processing, and one of the challenges is abbreviation identification. The presence of unrecognized abbreviations in text hinders indexing algorithms and adversely affects information retrieval and extraction. Automatic abbreviation definition identification can help resolve these issues. However, abbreviations and their definitions identified by an automatic process are of uncertain validity. ...

  1. 40 CFR 600.403-77 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ....403-77 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year Automobiles-Dealer Availability of Fuel Economy Information § 600.403-77 Abbreviations....

  2. 40 CFR 600.203-77 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ....203-77 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) ENERGY POLICY FUEL ECONOMY AND CARBON-RELATED EXHAUST EMISSIONS OF MOTOR VEHICLES Fuel Economy Regulations for 1977 and Later Model Year Automobiles-Procedures for Calculating Fuel Economy Values § 600.203-77 Abbreviations....

  3. Detecting Abbreviations in Discharge Summaries using Machine Learning Methods

    WU, YONGHUI; Rosenbloom, S. Trent; Denny, Joshua C.; Miller, Randolph A; Mani, Subramani; Giuse, Dario A.; Xu, Hua

    2011-01-01

    Recognition and identification of abbreviations is an important, challenging task in clinical natural language processing (NLP). A comprehensive lexical resource comprised of all common, useful clinical abbreviations would have great applicability. The authors present a corpus-based method to create a lexical resource of clinical abbreviations using machine-learning (ML) methods, and tested its ability to automatically detect abbreviations from hospital discharge summaries. Domain experts man...

  4. Abbreviated guide pneumatic conveying design guide

    Mills, David

    1990-01-01

    Abbreviated Guide: Pneumatic Conveying Design Guide describes the selection, design, and specification of conventional pneumatic conveying systems. The design procedure uses previous test data on the materials to be conveyed. The book also discusses system economics, operating costs, the choice of appropriate components or systems, system control, and system flexibility. The design system involves the type of conveying system for installation, the pipeline parameters, and also the plant components. System selection covers the properties of the material to be conveyed, plant layout, material pr

  5. 40 CFR 310.4 - What abbreviations should I know?

    2010-07-01

    ... Pollution Contingency Plan also known as the National Contingency Plan (40 CFR part 300). NRC—National... 40 Protection of Environment 27 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What abbreviations should I know? 310... RESPONSE TO HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE RELEASES General Information § 310.4 What abbreviations should I know?...

  6. Sequenced Contractions and Abbreviations for Model 2 Reading.

    Cronnell, Bruce

    The nature and use of contractions and abbreviations in beginning reading is discussed and applied to the Southwest Regional Laboratory (SWRL) Mod 2 Reading Program, a four-year program (K-3) for teaching reading skills to primary-grade children. The contractions and abbreviations are listed and sequenced for the reading program. The results of…

  7. 7 CFR 4274.302 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    2010-01-01

    ..., which is a problem solving activity. The Agency will determine whether a specific activity qualifies as... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Definitions and abbreviations. 4274.302 Section 4274... Relending Program (IRP) § 4274.302 Definitions and abbreviations. (a) General definitions. The...

  8. The use of abbreviations in surgical note keeping

    B. Collard

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abbreviations are used to improve the speed of note keeping and to simplify patient notes. However studies have shown that they can reduce clarity, increase mistakes and cause confusion in management plans. Our review highlights the misuse of abbreviations in surgical note keeping.

  9. Test Review: Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, Second Edition

    Irby, Sarah M.; Floyd, Randy G.

    2013-01-01

    The Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, Second Edition (WASI-II; Wechsler, 2011) is a brief intelligence test designed for individuals aged 6 through 90 years. It is a revision of the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence (WASI; Wechsler, 1999). During revision, there were three goals: enhancing the link between the Wechsler…

  10. 32 CFR 516.3 - Explanation of abbreviations and terms.

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Explanation of abbreviations and terms. 516.3 Section 516.3 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION General § 516.3 Explanation of abbreviations and terms. (a)...

  11. THE ISSUES OF LATIN ABBREVIATIONS IN THE DIPLOMATICES DOCUMENTS

    Иван Балта

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The issues of Latin abbreviations in the diplomatic documents are a very complex problem in the diplomatic word processing and deciphering the historiography documents. Abbreviations originated from Latin letters caused a favorable advantage for the scribe, but created difficulties for the reader, since they were complicated and questionable at the time. The Romans called the Latin abbreviations notae-or-sigla, using them just to save space and materials on which the letters were written. Increased use of abbreviations in medieval manuscripts emphasized a need for a manual in both the Code and Charter, specifying the form of abbreviations and centuries which they belonged to. Steffens divided the abbreviations of the Roman epoch according to the chronological development into the five ways of shortening: suspension, notes Tironianae, contraction, notes iuris, and signs for numbers, which were retained and added new shortcuts in the Middle Ages, especially in the territory of today's Pannonia and the Eastern Adriatic coast. Punctuation, which was alike the abbreviations, had a long process of development, which began as an antique-scriptura continua, trying to clarify the meaning of putting points in various positions between the individual words. Abbreviations differed not only by the type of Latin letters, but also by the territory in which they evolved, at different time periods. Abbreviations of Latin letters from the Beneventan East Adriatic coast were specific, were formed gradually, could be used as a criterion for dating, and were carried out with more ways of shortening the letters. Schiaparelli probably entered the deepest essence of the development of Latin minuscule in which he noted that the Frankish influences were much stronger in the first period of the development of the Beneventan East Adriatic coast. However, perhaps no other medieval script was developed better than a system of abbreviations in the Gothic style, especially in

  12. Detecting abbreviations in discharge summaries using machine learning methods.

    Wu, Yonghui; Rosenbloom, S Trent; Denny, Joshua C; Miller, Randolph A; Mani, Subramani; Giuse, Dario A; Xu, Hua

    2011-01-01

    Recognition and identification of abbreviations is an important, challenging task in clinical natural language processing (NLP). A comprehensive lexical resource comprised of all common, useful clinical abbreviations would have great applicability. The authors present a corpus-based method to create a lexical resource of clinical abbreviations using machine-learning (ML) methods, and tested its ability to automatically detect abbreviations from hospital discharge summaries. Domain experts manually annotated abbreviations in seventy discharge summaries, which were randomly broken into a training set (40 documents) and a test set (30 documents). We implemented and evaluated several ML algorithms using the training set and a list of pre-defined features. The subsequent evaluation using the test set showed that the Random Forest classifier had the highest F-measure of 94.8% (precision 98.8% and recall of 91.2%). When a voting scheme was used to combine output from various ML classifiers, the system achieved the highest F-measure of 95.7%. PMID:22195219

  13. Sourcing archaeological obsidian by an abbreviated NAA procedure

    An abbreviated NAA procedure has been developed to fingerprint obsidian artifacts in the Mesoamerican region. Despite the large number of available sources, an NAA procedure, which relies on producing short-lived isotopes, has been applied with a success rate greater than 90 percent. The abbreviated NAA procedure is rapid and cost competitive with the XRF technique more often applied in obsidian sourcing. Results from the analysis of over 1,200 obsidian artifacts from throughout Mesoamerica are presented. (author) 8 refs.; 6 figs.; 2 tabs

  14. Predicting Chinese Abbreviations from Definitions: An Empirical Learning Approach Using Support Vector Regression

    Xu Sun; Hou-Feng Wang; Bo Wang

    2008-01-01

    In Chinese, phrases and named entities play a central role in information retrieval. Abbreviations, however,make keyword-based approaches less effective. This paper presents an empirical learning approach to Chinese abbreviation prediction. In this study, each abbreviation is taken as a reduced form of the corresponding definition (expanded form),and the abbreviation prediction is formalized as a scoring and ranking problem among abbreviation candidates, which are automatically generated from the corresponding definition. By employing Support Vector Regression (SVR) for scoring,we can obtain multiple abbreviation candidates together with their SVR values, which are used for candidate ranking.Experimental results show that the SVR method performs better than the popular heuristic rule of abbreviation prediction.In addition, in abbreviation prediction, the SVR method outperforms the hidden Markov model (HMM).

  15. Interactive Hangman Teaches Amino Acid Structures and Abbreviations

    Pennington, Britney O.; Sears, Duane; Clegg, Dennis O.

    2014-01-01

    We developed an interactive exercise to teach students how to draw the structures of the 20 standard amino acids and to identify the one-letter abbreviations by modifying the familiar game of "Hangman." Amino acid structures were used to represent single letters throughout the game. To provide additional practice in identifying…

  16. Abbreviated Pandemic Influenza Planning Template for Primary Care Offices

    HCTT CHE

    2010-01-01

    The Abbreviated Pandemic Influenza Plan Template for Primary Care Provider Offices is intended to assist primary care providers and office managers with preparing their offices for quickly putting a plan in place to handle an increase in patient calls and visits, whether during the 2009-2010 influenza season or future influenza seasons.

  17. 40 CFR 205.155 - Motorcycle class and manufacturer abbreviation.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Motorcycle class and manufacturer...) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Motorcycles § 205.155 Motorcycle class and manufacturer abbreviation. (a) Motorcycles must be grouped into classes determined...

  18. Unlocking Runes? Reading Anglo-Saxon Runic Abbreviations in Their Immediate Literary Context

    Birkett, Tom

    2015-01-01

    Runic abbreviations appear sporadically in a number of Old English manuscripts, including three of the four major poetic codices. A convincing rational for the apparently erratic deployment of these unusual abbreviations has yet to be proposed. In this article I identify the immediate literary context as an important factor influencing the distribution of Anglo-Saxon runic abbreviations, noting in particular that the runic brevigraphs often appear in passages which deal with unlocking. To ill...

  19. Use of abbreviations in the nursing records of a teaching hospital

    Sylvia Miranda Carneiro; Herica Silva Dutra; Fernanda Mazzoni da Costa; Simone Emerich Mendes; Cristina Arreguy-Sena

    2016-01-01

    Objective: to evaluate the use of abbreviations in nursing records of a teaching hospital and describing their profile in different sectors, work shifts and professional nursing categories. Methods: documentary study that analyzed 627 nursing records in 24 patient charts using a systematic observation script. Results: we identified 1,792 abbreviations, and 35.8% were nonstandard. The incidence of abbreviations was higher in the Intensive Care Unit, used by nurses and in the night shift. Concl...

  20. Pharmacist and Physician Interpretation of Abbreviations for Acetaminophen Intended for Use in a Consumer Icon

    Saul Shiffman; Helene Cotton; Christina Jessurun; Sembower, Mark A.; Steve Pype; Jerry Phillips

    2015-01-01

    Concomitant use of multiple acetaminophen medications is associated with overdose. To help patients identify acetaminophen medications and thus avoid concomitant use, an icon with an abbreviation for “acetaminophen” has been proposed for all acetaminophen medications. This study assessed pharmacists’ and physicians’ use and interpretation of abbreviations for “acetaminophen”, to identify abbreviations with other meanings that might cause confusion. Physicians (n = 150) reported use and interp...

  1. New bilingual version of the VGB abbreviation catalogue for power plant technology released

    Hantschel, Jochen; Seiffert, Joerg [E.ON New Build and Technology GmbH, Gelsenkirchen (Germany); Froehner, Joerg [ct.e Controltechnology Engineering GmbH, Herne (Germany)

    2013-04-01

    The objective of the VGB Standard for power plant technology VGB-S-891-00 (abbreviation catalogue) is to regulate the systematic creation of abbreviations. The determination of abbreviations for terms related to power plants provides a common basis for planners, erectors, and operators of power plants and their systems. In combination with VGB-B 108 ''Rules for the creation of denominations and their application for power plant engineering'' the abbreviation catalogue is the basis for the creation of denominations.

  2. Test Review: Review of the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, Second Edition (WASI-II)

    McCrimmon, Adam W.; Smith, Amanda D.

    2013-01-01

    The Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, Second Edition (WASI-II; Wechsler, 2011), published by Pearson, is a newly updated abbreviated measure of cognitive intelligence designed for individuals 6 to 90 years of age. Primarily used in clinical, psychoeducational, and research settings, the WASI-II was developed to quickly and accurately…

  3. 49 CFR 1500.3 - Terms and abbreviations used in this chapter.

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Terms and abbreviations used in this chapter. 1500.3 Section 1500.3 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) TRANSPORTATION SECURITY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY ADMINISTRATIVE AND PROCEDURAL RULES APPLICABILITY, TERMS, AND ABBREVIATIONS §...

  4. 21 CFR 314.92 - Drug products for which abbreviated applications may be submitted.

    2010-04-01

    ... offered for sale by its manufacturer, a person who wishes to submit an abbreviated new drug application... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Drug products for which abbreviated applications may be submitted. 314.92 Section 314.92 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT...

  5. Automatic Word Sense Disambiguation of Acronyms and Abbreviations in Clinical Texts

    Moon, Sungrim

    2012-01-01

    The use of acronyms and abbreviations is increasing profoundly in the clinical domain in large part due to the greater adoption of electronic health record (EHR) systems and increased electronic documentation within healthcare. A single acronym or abbreviation may have multiple different meanings or senses. Comprehending the proper meaning of an…

  6. 21 CFR 314.100 - Timeframes for reviewing applications and abbreviated applications.

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Timeframes for reviewing applications and abbreviated applications. 314.100 Section 314.100 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF... DRUG FDA Action on Applications and Abbreviated Applications § 314.100 Timeframes for...

  7. Compression and the origins of Zipf's law of abbreviation

    Ferrer-i-Cancho, R; Seguin, C

    2015-01-01

    Languages across the world exhibit Zipf's law of abbreviation, namely more frequent words tend to be shorter. The generalized version of the law, namely an inverse relationship between the frequency of a unit and its magnitude, holds also for the behaviors of other species and the genetic code. The apparent universality of this pattern in human language and its ubiquity in other domains calls for a theoretical understanding of its origins. We generalize the information theoretic concept of mean code length as a mean energetic cost function over the probability and the magnitude of the symbols of the alphabet. We show that the minimization of that cost function and a negative correlation between probability and the magnitude of symbols are intimately related.

  8. Dictionary of International Abbreviations - Environment and Natural Sciences

    The dictionary comprises about 3000 acronyms and abbreviations, with explanations in German and English. Subjects: Chemistry, medicine, geology, air, water, soil, waste, air pollution and noise abatement, chemicals and pollutants, agriculture and food, conservation and landscaping, energy, immission protection, radiation protection and nuclear safety, industry and biotechnology, environmental pollution, waste management and recycling. It is intended as a working and communication tool for a wide range of users in industry, administration, universities, scientists and students, journalists, translators and interested laymen. There is an appendix with supplementary information, i.e. mass, volume, SI units, chemical compounds and formulas, occupational pollutant exposure, food additives, environmental disasters, environmental laws, regulations and specifications, international programmes and organisations for environmental protection, and guidelines of environmental and international law. (orig.)

  9. Pharmacist and Physician Interpretation of Abbreviations for Acetaminophen Intended for Use in a Consumer Icon

    Saul Shiffman

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Concomitant use of multiple acetaminophen medications is associated with overdose. To help patients identify acetaminophen medications and thus avoid concomitant use, an icon with an abbreviation for “acetaminophen” has been proposed for all acetaminophen medications. This study assessed pharmacists’ and physicians’ use and interpretation of abbreviations for “acetaminophen”, to identify abbreviations with other meanings that might cause confusion. Physicians (n = 150 reported use and interpretation of candidate abbreviations Ac and Acm. Pharmacists (n = 150 interpretations of prescription orders using the candidate abbreviations APAP, Ac, Ace and Acm in typed, handwritten or spoken form, were judged for critical confusions likely to cause patient harm. Critical confusion was rare, except for omission by pharmacists of the acetaminophen dose for Hydrocodone/APAP prescriptions (10%. Ac was in common use to indicate “before meals”, and was interpreted as such, but some physicians (8% said they use Ac to indicate anticoagulant drugs. Most pharmacists (54% interpreted Ace as acetaminophen, and none interpreted it as referring to ACE-inhibitors. Acm was rarely used in prescriptions, had no common interfering meanings, and was often (63% interpreted as acetaminophen, especially when prescribed in combination with an opiate (85%. The data validated concerns about abbreviations in prescribing: all abbreviations resulted in some misinterpretations. However, Acm was rarely misinterpreted, was readily associated with “acetaminophen”, and seemed appropriate for use in a graphic icon to help consumers/patients identify acetaminophen medications.

  10. The Abbreviated Injury Scale: application to autopsy data.

    Adams, V I; Carrubba, C

    1998-09-01

    Twenty autopsy reports, comprising 1 fall, 1 cutting, 1 burn, 1 drowning, 1 strangulation, 3 gunshot wound, and 13 traffic fatalities, were scored by the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and the Injury Severity Score (ISS). The codes were adequate for wounds of skin and long bones, and for most wounds of viscera. The autopsy descriptions were more detailed than the coding criteria for craniocerebral, cervicovertebral and muscular trauma, and less detailed for thoracoabdominal visceral, and long bone trauma. Lung contusions and rib fractures received scores that seemed unduly high, possibly reflecting the greater sensitivity of autopsy diagnosis over clinical diagnosis for these lesions. Complete hinge fractures of the skull base scored 4 (severe), which does not reflect the almost universally lethal nature of the accompanying cerebral concussion, which was itself not codeable. AIS scores were low and did not seem to reflect the lethal outcome when the lethal mechanism was purely physiologic and without a striking morphologic derangement, as in instances of cerebral or cardiac concussion, compression of the neck, occlusive airway hemorrhage, and visceral herniation into an adjacent body cavity. The scores were similarly low when therapy was delayed or adverse. Low AIS and ISS scores in a fatality from blunt or penetrating trauma may be useful retrospective clues to the presence of purely physiologic death mechanisms or therapeutic problems. PMID:9760090

  11. Adaptation of abbreviated mathematics anxiety rating scale for engineering students

    Nordin, Sayed Kushairi Sayed; Samat, Khairul Fadzli; Sultan, Al Amin Mohamed; Halim, Bushra Abdul; Ismail, Siti Fatimah; Mafazi, Nurul Wirdah

    2015-05-01

    Mathematics is an essential and fundamental tool used by engineers to analyse and solve problems in their field. Due to this, most engineering education programs involve a concentration of study in mathematics courses whereby engineering students have to take mathematics courses such as numerical methods, differential equations and calculus in the first two years and continue to do so until the completion of the sequence. However, the students struggled and had difficulties in learning courses that require mathematical abilities. Hence, this study presents the factors that caused mathematics anxiety among engineering students using Abbreviated Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale (AMARS) through 95 students of Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka (UTeM). From 25 items in AMARS, principal component analysis (PCA) suggested that there are four mathematics anxiety factors, namely experiences of learning mathematics, cognitive skills, mathematics evaluation anxiety and students' perception on mathematics. Minitab 16 software was used to analyse the nonparametric statistics. Kruskal-Wallis Test indicated that there is a significant difference in the experience of learning mathematics and mathematics evaluation anxiety among races. The Chi-Square Test of Independence revealed that the experience of learning mathematics, cognitive skills and mathematics evaluation anxiety depend on the results of their SPM additional mathematics. Based on this study, it is recommended to address the anxiety problems among engineering students at the early stage of studying in the university. Thus, lecturers should play their part by ensuring a positive classroom environment which encourages students to study mathematics without fear.

  12. Combining Corpus-derived Sense Profiles with Estimated Frequency Information to Disambiguate Clinical Abbreviations

    Xu, Hua; Stetson, Peter D.; Friedman, Carol

    2012-01-01

    Abbreviations are widely used in clinical notes and are often ambiguous. Word sense disambiguation (WSD) for clinical abbreviations therefore is a critical task for many clinical natural language processing (NLP) systems. Supervised machine learning based WSD methods are known for their high performance. However, it is time consuming and costly to construct annotated samples for supervised WSD approaches and sense frequency information is often ignored by these methods. In this study, we prop...

  13. An abbreviated task-oriented assessment (Bay Area Functional Performance Evaluation).

    Mann, W C; Huselid, R

    1993-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore development of an abbreviated version of the Task-Oriented Assessment component of the Bay Area Functional Performance Evaluation (BaFPE). The BaFPE is widely used by occupational therapists practicing in mental health, but therapists have requested an instrument that could be administered and scored more quickly. Both a subjective and objective analysis support the development of an abbreviated version of the Task-Oriented Assessment. PMID:8470740

  14. Combining corpus-derived sense profiles with estimated frequency information to disambiguate clinical abbreviations.

    Xu, Hua; Stetson, Peter D; Friedman, Carol

    2012-01-01

    Abbreviations are widely used in clinical notes and are often ambiguous. Word sense disambiguation (WSD) for clinical abbreviations therefore is a critical task for many clinical natural language processing (NLP) systems. Supervised machine learning based WSD methods are known for their high performance. However, it is time consuming and costly to construct annotated samples for supervised WSD approaches and sense frequency information is often ignored by these methods. In this study, we proposed a profile-based method that used dictated discharge summaries as an external source to automatically build sense profiles and applied them to disambiguate abbreviations in hospital admission notes via the vector space model. Our evaluation using a test set containing 2,386 annotated instances from 13 ambiguous abbreviations in admission notes showed that the profile-based method performed better than two baseline methods and achieved a best average precision of 0.792. Furthermore, we developed a strategy to combine sense frequency information estimated from a clustering analysis with the profile-based method. Our results showed that the combined approach largely improved the performance and achieved a highest precision of 0.875 on the same test set, indicating that integrating sense frequency information with local context is effective for clinical abbreviation disambiguation. PMID:23304376

  15. The Use of Abbreviations in English-Medium Astrophysics Research Paper Titles: A Problematic Issue

    David I. Méndez

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we carry out a qualitative and quantitative analysis of abbreviations in 300 randomly collected research paper titles published in the most prestigious European and US-based Astrophysics journals written in English. Our main results show that the process of shortening words and groups of words is one of the most characteristic and recurrent features in Astrophysics research paper titling construction. In spite of the convenience of abbreviations as a mechanism for word-formation, some of them may pose certain difficulties of understanding and/or misinterpretation because of their specificity, ambiguity, or overlapping. To overcome these difficulties, we propose a series of options which with no doubt would lead to a better interaction among the different branches of Astrophysics in particular and of science in general and would definitely improve how research is currently performed and communicated.Keywords: Abbreviations; Astrophysics; English; Research Papers

  16. Abbreviations [Annex to The Fukushima Daiichi Accident, Technical Volume 5/5

    This annex is a list of abbreviations used in the publication The Fukushima Daiichi Accident, Technical Volume 5/5. The list includes the abbreviations for: • General Safety Requirements; • International Commission on Radiological Protection; • Intensive Contamination Survey Area; • International Experts Meeting; • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology; • Ministry of the Environment; • Nuclear Damage Compensation and Decommissioning Facilitation Corporation; • Nuclear Emergency Response Headquarters; • nuclear power plant; • Nuclear Safety Commission; • OECD Nuclear Energy Agency; • Special Decontamination Area; • Specific Safety Requirements; • technical cooperation; • Three Mile Island; • United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation

  17. Abbreviated protocol for breast MRI: Are multiple sequences needed for cancer detection?

    Highlights: • Abbreviated breast MR demonstrates high sensitivity for breast carcinoma detection. • Time to perform/interpret the abbreviated exam is shorter than a standard MRI exam. • An abbreviated breast MRI could reduce costs and make MRI screening more available. - Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the ability of an abbreviated breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocol, consisting of a precontrast T1 weighted (T1W) image and single early post-contrast T1W image, to detect breast carcinoma. Materials and methods: A HIPAA compliant Institutional Review Board approved review of 100 consecutive breast MRI examinations in patients with biopsy proven unicentric breast carcinoma. 79% were invasive carcinomas and 21% were ductal carcinoma in situ. Four experienced breast radiologists, blinded to carcinoma location, history and prior examinations, assessed the abbreviated protocol evaluating only the first post-contrast T1W image, post-processed subtracted first post-contrast and subtraction maximum intensity projection images. Detection and localization of tumor were compared to the standard full diagnostic examination consisting of 13 pre-contrast, post-contrast and post-processed sequences. Results: All 100 cancers were visualized on initial reading of the abbreviated protocol by at least one reader. The mean sensitivity for each sequence was 96% for the first post-contrast sequence, 96% for the first post-contrast subtraction sequence and 93% for the subtraction MIP sequence. Within each sequence, there was no significant difference between the sensitivities among the 4 readers (p = 0.471, p = 0.656, p = 0.139). Mean interpretation time was 44 s (range 11–167 s). The abbreviated imaging protocol could be performed in approximately 10–15 min, compared to 30–40 min for the standard protocol. Conclusion: An abbreviated breast MRI protocol allows detection of breast carcinoma. One pre and post-contrast T1W sequence may be adequate for detecting

  18. Abbreviated protocol for breast MRI: Are multiple sequences needed for cancer detection?

    Mango, Victoria L., E-mail: vlm2125@columbia.edu [Columbia University Medical Center, Herbert Irving Pavilion, 161 Fort Washington Avenue, 10th Floor, New York, NY 10032 (United States); Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Morris, Elizabeth A., E-mail: morrise@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); David Dershaw, D., E-mail: dershawd@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Abramson, Andrea, E-mail: abramsoa@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Fry, Charles, E-mail: charles_fry@nymc.edu [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); New York Medical College, 40 Sunshine Cottage Rd, Valhalla, NY 10595 (United States); Moskowitz, Chaya S. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Hughes, Mary, E-mail: hughesm@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Kaplan, Jennifer, E-mail: kaplanj@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Jochelson, Maxine S., E-mail: jochelsm@mskcc.org [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Breast and Imaging Center, 300 East 66th Street, New York, NY 10065 (United States)

    2015-01-15

    Highlights: • Abbreviated breast MR demonstrates high sensitivity for breast carcinoma detection. • Time to perform/interpret the abbreviated exam is shorter than a standard MRI exam. • An abbreviated breast MRI could reduce costs and make MRI screening more available. - Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the ability of an abbreviated breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocol, consisting of a precontrast T1 weighted (T1W) image and single early post-contrast T1W image, to detect breast carcinoma. Materials and methods: A HIPAA compliant Institutional Review Board approved review of 100 consecutive breast MRI examinations in patients with biopsy proven unicentric breast carcinoma. 79% were invasive carcinomas and 21% were ductal carcinoma in situ. Four experienced breast radiologists, blinded to carcinoma location, history and prior examinations, assessed the abbreviated protocol evaluating only the first post-contrast T1W image, post-processed subtracted first post-contrast and subtraction maximum intensity projection images. Detection and localization of tumor were compared to the standard full diagnostic examination consisting of 13 pre-contrast, post-contrast and post-processed sequences. Results: All 100 cancers were visualized on initial reading of the abbreviated protocol by at least one reader. The mean sensitivity for each sequence was 96% for the first post-contrast sequence, 96% for the first post-contrast subtraction sequence and 93% for the subtraction MIP sequence. Within each sequence, there was no significant difference between the sensitivities among the 4 readers (p = 0.471, p = 0.656, p = 0.139). Mean interpretation time was 44 s (range 11–167 s). The abbreviated imaging protocol could be performed in approximately 10–15 min, compared to 30–40 min for the standard protocol. Conclusion: An abbreviated breast MRI protocol allows detection of breast carcinoma. One pre and post-contrast T1W sequence may be adequate for detecting

  19. Improving Discrete Trial Instruction by Paraprofessional Staff Through an Abbreviated Performance Feedback Intervention

    Leblanc, Marie-Pierre; Ricciardi, Joseph N.; Luiselli, James K.

    2005-01-01

    We evaluated an abbreviated performance feedback intervention as a training strategy to improve discrete trial instruction of children with autism by three paraprofessional staff (assistant teachers) at a specialized day school. Feedback focused on 10 discrete trial instructional skills demonstrated by the staff during teaching sessions. Following…

  20. Text-Message Abbreviations and Language Skills in High School and University Students

    De Jonge, Sarah; Kemp, Nenagh

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the use of text-message abbreviations (textisms) in Australian adolescents and young adults, and relations between textism use and literacy abilities. Fifty-two high school students aged 13-15 years, and 53 undergraduates aged 18-24 years, all users of predictive texting, translated conventional English sentences into…

  1. Symbolic Capital in a Virtual Heterosexual Market: Abbreviation and Insertion in Italian iTV SMS

    Herring, Susan C.; Zelenkauskaite, Asta

    2009-01-01

    This study analyzes gender variation in nonstandard typography--specifically, abbreviations and insertions--in mobile phone text messages (SMS) posted to a public Italian interactive television (iTV) program. All broadcast SMS were collected for a period of 2 days from the Web archive for the iTV program, and the frequency and distribution of…

  2. 21 CFR 314.127 - Refusal to approve an abbreviated new drug application.

    2010-04-01

    ... from sale for safety or effectiveness reasons under § 314.161, or the reference listed drug has been... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Refusal to approve an abbreviated new drug application. 314.127 Section 314.127 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH...

  3. Psychometric Properties of the Abbreviated Perceived Motivational Climate in Exercise Questionnaire

    Moore, E. Whitney G.; Brown, Theresa C.; Fry, Mary D.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop an abbreviated version of the Perceived Motivational Climate in Exercise Questionnaire (PMCEQ-A) to provide a more practical instrument for use in applied exercise settings. In the calibration step, two shortened versions' measurement and latent model values were compared to each other and the original…

  4. A dictionary of nuclear power and waste management with abbreviations and acronyms

    This book provides defined terms from the nuclear power and radioactive waste management industries. It includes abbreviations and acronyms associated with nuclear power and the sister industry of waste management, for example, NIMBY (not in my backyard). Technical definitions from other sciences which are related to the subject of nuclear waste management have also been included

  5. Evaluating an Abbreviated Version of the Paths Curriculum Implemented by School Mental Health Clinicians

    Gibson, Jennifer E.; Werner, Shelby S.; Sweeney, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    When evidence-based prevention programs are implemented in schools, adaptations are common. It is important to understand which adaptations can be made while maintaining positive outcomes for students. This preliminary study evaluated an abbreviated version of the Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) Curriculum implemented by…

  6. The Abbreviated Character Strengths Test (ACST): A Preliminary Assessment of Test Validity.

    Vanhove, Adam J; Harms, P D; DeSimone, Justin A

    2016-01-01

    The 24-item Abbreviated Character Strengths Test (ACST) was developed to efficiently measure character strengths (Peterson, Park, & Castro, 2011 ). However, its validity for this purpose has not yet been sufficiently established. Using confirmatory factor analysis to test a series of structural models, only a modified bifactor model showed reasonably acceptable fit. Further analyses of this model failed to demonstrate measurement invariance between male and female respondents. Relationships between ACST dimension and Big Five personality trait scores were generally weak-to-moderate, and support for hypotheses regarding each ACST virtue's expected correspondence with specific Big Five dimensions was mixed. Finally, scores on ACST dimensions accounted for a combined 12% of the variance in satisfaction with life scores, after controlling for socially desirability. Although an abbreviated measure of character strengths represents a practical need, considerable improvements to the ACST are needed for it to adequately meet this purpose. PMID:26983465

  7. Evaluation of an abbreviated abdominal-pelvic CT blunt trauma protocol

    In an attempt to expedite computed tomographic (CT) imaging in patients who have suffered multiple blunt trauma, an abbreviated abdominal-pelvic CT protocol was designed and tested. From 30 cases of abnormal full, 1.0-cm abdominal-pelvic scans, only post-contrast scans were selected for blind review at 1.0-cm increments through the spleen, 2.0-cm increments through the liver, and 3.0-cm increments to the symphysis pubis. Results and receiver operating characteristic curves were correlated with formal scan results and medical records. Preliminary results suggest that with adequate plain film spine and pelvic evaluation abbreviated abdominal -pelvic CT scanning may be effective in evaluating solid organ injury and in establishing trauma imaging protocols for the victim of multiple blunt trauma

  8. McArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory (CDI: Proposal of an abbreviate version

    Chamarrita Farkas Klein

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The McArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories (CDI assesses language development en children, through a significant caregiver report. The first inventory assesses verbal and non verbal language in infants who are from 8 to 18 months old and it is composed of 949 items distributed in 6 scales. This study proposes an abbreviate form of this instrument, and was tested on families and educators of 130 Chilean children of 11-15 months old. Analyses related to the items, reliability and validity of the instrument and factorial analyses of subscales were realized. The abbreviate version consider 241 items distributed in 4 scales. The evaluation of the psychometric properties of the instrument was acceptable, demonstrating adequate reliability and validity.

  9. A Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Structure of Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale

    Farahman Farrokhi; Shahram vahedi

    2011-01-01

    "nObjective: The aim of this study is to explore the confirmatory factor analysis results of the Persian adaptation of Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale (AMAS), proposed by Hopko, Mahadevan, Bare & Hunt. "nMethod: The validity and reliability assessments of the scale were performed on 298 college students chosen randomly from Tabriz University in Iran. The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was carried out to determine the factor structures of the Persian version of AMAS. "nResults: As expected,...

  10. Abbreviated epitaxial growth mode (AGM) method for reducing cost and improving quality of LEDs and lasers

    Tansu, Nelson; Chan, Helen M; Vinci, Richard P; Ee, Yik-Khoon; Biser, Jeffrey

    2013-09-24

    The use of an abbreviated GaN growth mode on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire substrates, which utilizes a process of using 15 nm low temperature GaN buffer and bypassing etch-back and recovery processes during epitaxy, enables the growth of high-quality GaN template on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire. The GaN template grown on nano-patterned AGOG sapphire by employing abbreviated growth mode has two orders of magnitude lower threading dislocation density than that of conventional GaN template grown on planar sapphire. The use of abbreviated growth mode also leads to significant reduction in cost of the epitaxy. The growths and characteristics of InGaN quantum wells (QWs) light emitting diodes (LEDs) on both templates were compared. The InGaN QWs LEDs grown on the nano-patterned AGOG sapphire demonstrated at least a 24% enhancement of output power enhancement over that of LEDs grown on conventional GaN templates.

  11. BUSINESS ENGLISH OUTSIDE THE BOX. BUSINESS JARGON AND ABBREVIATIONS IN BUSINESS COMMUNICATION

    Pop Anamaria-Mirabela

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Business English is commonly understood language, yet Harvard Business Review called business jargon “The Silent Killer of Big Companies”. As we all have been taught in school, we are aware of the fact that in communication we must comply with linguistic rules so that our message gets across succinctly. Yet, there is one place where all these rules can be omitted (at least in the recent decades: the corporate office. Here, one can use euphemisms and clichés, can capitalize any word that is considered important, the passive voice is used wherever possible and abbreviations occur in every sentence. The worst part is that all of these linguistic enormities are carried out deliberately. The purpose of this paper is to analyse to what extent business jargon and abbreviations have affected business communication (which most of the time, it is filled with opaque language to mask different activities and operations and the reasons for which these linguistic phenomena have become so successful in the present. One of the reasons for the research is that in business English, jargon can be annoying because it overcomplicates. It is frequently unnecessary and it can transform a simple idea or instruction into something very confusing. It is true that every field has its jargon. Education, journalism, law, politics, medicine, urban planning – no filed is immune. Yet, it seems that business jargon has been described as “the most annoying”. Another reason is that jargon tends to be elitist. Those who do not understand the terms feel confused and uncertain. The paper starts with defining these two concepts, business jargon and abbreviations, and then it attempts to explain the “unusual” pervasion of these, both in business communication and in everyday communication. For this, the paper includes a list with the most common business jargon and abbreviations. In this view, the authors have accessed different economic blogs and specialty journals

  12. Abbreviations list

    2013-01-01

    Adege National Agency for Mosquito Destruction and Management of Mosquito-controlled Areas(Agence nationale pour la démoustication et la gestion des espaces naturels démoustiqués) AFD French Development Agency(Agence française de développement) Afssa French Agency for Health Security of Food(Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des aliments) Afsset French Agency for Environmental and Occupational Safety(Agence française de sécurité sanitaire de l’environnement et du travail) Anaes French Na...

  13. Application of abbreviated injury scale and injury severity score in fatal cases with abdominopelvic injuries.

    Subedi, Nuwadatta; Yadav, Bishwanath; Jha, Shivendra

    2014-12-01

    In forensic casework, investigation of injury severity is important in evaluating the mortality, occasionally in terms of the adequacy of clinical management. The study was conducted with an objective to study the relationship of severity of the injuries using Abbreviated Injury Scale and Injury Severity Score (ISS) with survival period and place of death among fatal cases with abdominopelvic trauma.The total number of cases studied was 80. The injuries in all the body parts were allotted using the Abbreviated Injury Scale 2005, Update 2008, and the ISS was calculated. The male/female ratio was 4:1, and the mean (SD) age was 30.76 (15.2) years. The cause of trauma was road traffic accidents in 82.5% of the cases. The median duration of survival was 2 hours. The mean (SD) ISS was 38.90 (14.89). Abbreviated Injury Scale scores of 5 and 4 were the most common in the region. With increase in the ISS, the survival period was decreased. There was a highly significant difference between the mean ISS of the victims who died prehospital and that of who died in the emergency department (P < 0.005). The mean ISS of the victims who died in the emergency department and of those who died in the ward, intensive care unit, or after discharge was also significantly different (P < 0.05).Although the cases with more severe injuries died sooner, there should be provision of treatment on the spot without delay. More time taken to start the treatment increases the fatalities. PMID:25354224

  14. An abbreviated version of the brief assessment of cognition in schizophrenia (BACS

    MD Yasuhiro Kaneda

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: A short version of the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS was derived. Methods: We calculated the corrected item-total correlation (CITC for each test score relative to the composite score, and then computed the proportion of variance that each test shares with the global score excluding that test (Rt² = CITCt² and the variance explained per minute of administration time for each test (Rt²/mint. Results and Conclusions: The 3 tests with the highest Rt²/mint, Symbol Coding, Digit Sequencing, and Token Motor, were selected for the Abbreviated BACS.

  15. USAGE OF ABBREVIATIONS IN THE NAMES OF WORKPLACES İŞ YERİ ADLARINDA KISALTMALARIN KULLANIMI

    Gülnaz ÇETINOĞLU BERBEROĞLU

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abbreviations take an important place in the names of workplaces which have the feature of showing the service type that is giving by the workplace as separating its similars and have the characteristic of a kind of identity. In being formed of abbreviations some apprehensions like being conspicuous, being different from similar, keeping in mind easily and euphony become prominence as well as the thougt of save time and effort. Therefore, attempt to comply with the rules of language while the abbreviations are being formed is ignored. The abbreviations are formed casually and as being ignored the rules of language is concluded by the evaluation of data. So, it is determined that an order can’t be found and it can’t be connected to the rules. Verilen hizmet türünü benzerlerinden ayırarak gösterme özelliğine sahip, bir çeşit kimlik niteliği taşıyan iş yeri adlarında kısaltmalar, büyük yer tutar. Kısaltmaların oluşturulmasında zamandan ve emekten tasarruf etme düşüncesinin yanı sıra dikkat çekme, benzerlerinden farklı olma, akılda kolay kalma ve kulağa hoş gelme gibi kaygılar öne çıkmaktadır. Bu nedenle, yapılan kısaltmalarda dilin kurallarına uyma çabası göz ardı edilmektedir. Verilerin değerlendirilmesiyle, kısaltmaların dil kuralları göz ardı edilerek gelişigüzel oluşturulduğu sonucuna varılmış; dolayısıyla bir düzen sağlanamayacağı ve kurala bağlanamayacağı saptanmıştır.

  16. Abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms frequently used by Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc.. Second edition

    Miller, J.T.

    1994-09-01

    Guidelines are given for using abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms (AAIs) in documents prepared by US Department of Energy facilities managed by Martin Marietta Energy Systems, Inc., in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The more than 10,000 AAIs listed represent only a small portion of those found in recent documents prepared by contributing editors of the Information Management Services organization of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, the Oak Ridge K-25 Site, and the Oak Ridge Y-12 Plant. This document expands on AAIs listed in the Document Preparation Guide and is intended as a companion document

  17. Abbreviated laparotomy or damage control laparotomy: Why, when and how to do it?

    Voiglio, E J; Dubuisson, V; Massalou, D; Baudoin, Y; Caillot, J L; Létoublon, C; Arvieux, C

    2016-08-01

    The goal of abbreviated laparotomy is to treat severely injured patients whose condition requires an immediate surgical operation but for whom a prolonged procedure would worsen physiological impairment and metabolic failure. Indeed, in severely injured patients, blood loss and tissue injuries enhance the onset of the "bloody vicious circle", triggered by the triad of acidosis-hypothermia-coagulopathy. Abbreviated laparotomy is a surgical strategy that forgoes the completeness of operation in favor of a physiological approach, the overriding preference going to rapidity and limiting the procedure to control the injuries. Management is based on sequential association of the shortest possible preoperative resuscitation with surgery limited to essential steps to control injury (stop the bleeding and contamination), without definitive repair. The latter will be ensured during a scheduled re-operation after a period of resuscitation aiming to correct physiological abnormalities induced by the trauma and its treatment. This strategy necessitates a pre-defined plan and involvement of the entire medical and nursing staff to reduce time loss to a strict minimum. PMID:27542655

  18. Abbreviations [Annex to The Fukushima Daiichi Accident, Technical Volume 2/5

    This annex is a list of abbreviations used in the publication The Fukushima Daiichi Accident, Technical Volume 2/5. The list includes the abbreviations for: • Agency for Natural Resources and Energy; • essential service water; • International Nuclear and Radiological Event Scale;• Integrated Regulatory Review Service; • Japan Atomic Energy Agency; • Japan Atomic Energy Commission; • Japan Power Engineering and Inspection Corp; • Japan Nuclear Energy Safety Organization; • low head safety injection; • low level radioactive waste; • Madras Atomic Power Station; • main control room; • Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry; • Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology; • Ministry of International Trade and Industry; • Ministry of Foreign Affairs; • Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency; • Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited; • nuclear power plant; • Nuclear Safety Commission; • Nuclear Power Engineering Corporation; • Nuclear Safety Technology Centre; • Onahama Port; • pressurized water reactor; • Science and Technology Agency; • Tokyo Electric Power Company

  19. [Abbreviated laparotomy for treatment of severe abdominal trauma: use in austere settings].

    Balandraud, P; Biance, N; Peycru, T; Savoie, P H; Avaro, J P; Tardat, E; Pourrière, M; Cador, L

    2007-10-01

    Abbreviated laparotomy is a recent technique for management of patients with severe abdominal trauma. It is based on a unified approach taking into account the overall extent of injury and the victim's physiologic potential to respond to hemorrhage. It is the first step in a multi-modal strategy. The second step is the critical care phase. The third step consists of "second-look" laparotomy that should ideally be performed on an elective basis within 48 hours and is aimed at definitive treatment of lesions. The goal of abbreviated laparotomy is damage control using temporary quick-fix procedures limited to conspicuous lesions and rapid hemostasis and/or viscerostasis procedures so that the patient can survive the acute critical period. Tension-free closure of the abdominal wall, if necessary using laparostomy, is essential to avoid abdominal compartment syndrome. With reported survival rates of about 50% in Europe and the United States, this simple life-saving technique that requires limited resources should be introduced in Africa where severe abdominal trauma often involves young patients. PMID:18225739

  20. Investigation of abbreviated 4 and 8 item versions of the PTSD Checklist 5.

    Price, Matthew; Szafranski, Derek D; van Stolk-Cooke, Katherine; Gros, Daniel F

    2016-05-30

    Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a significant public health concern associated with marked impairment across the lifespan. Exposure to traumatic events alone, however, is insufficient to determine if an individual has PTSD. PTSD is a heterogeneous diagnosis such that assessment of all 20 symptoms is problematic in time-limited treatment settings. Brief assessment tools that identify those at risk for PTSD and measure symptom severity are needed to improve access to care and assess treatment response. The present study evaluated abbreviated measures of PTSD symptoms derived from the PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5) - a 20-item validated measure of PTSD symptoms - across two studies. In the first, using a community sample of adults exposed to a traumatic event, 4-and 8-item versions of the PCL-5 were identified that were highly correlated with the full PCL-5. In the second, using a sample of combat veterans, the 4-and 8-item measures had comparable diagnostic utility to the total-scale PCL-5. These results provide support for an abbreviated measure of the PCL-5 as an alternative to the 20-item total scale. PMID:27137973

  1. Rest improves performance, nature improves happiness: Assessment of break periods on the abbreviated vigilance task.

    Finkbeiner, Kristin M; Russell, Paul N; Helton, William S

    2016-05-01

    The abbreviated vigilance task can quickly generate vigilance decrements, which has been argued is due to depletion of cognitive resources needed to sustain performance. Researchers suggest inclusion of rest breaks within vigilance tasks improve overall performance (Helton & Russell, 2015; Ross, Russell, & Helton, 2014), while different types of breaks demonstrate different effects. Some literature suggests exposure to natural movements/stimuli helps restore attention (Herzog, Black, Fountaine, & Knotts, 1997; Kaplan, 1995). Participants were randomly assigned to one experimental condition: dog video breaks, robot video breaks, countdown breaks or continuous vigilance. We assessed task performance and subjective reports of stress/workload. The continuous group displayed worst performance, suggesting breaks help restore attention. The dog videos did not affect performance, however, decreased reports of distress. These results support the importance of rest breaks and acknowledge the benefit of natural stimuli for promoting wellbeing/stress relief, overall suggesting performance and wellbeing may be independent, which warrants future studies. PMID:27089530

  2. Clinical utility of Standardised Assessment of Personality - Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS) among patients with first episode depression

    Bukh, Jens Drachmann; Bock, Camilla; Vinberg, Maj; Gether, Ulrik; Kessing, Lars Vedel

    Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Personality Disorders. RESULTS: We found, that a cut-off of 3 on the screen correctly identified the presence of comorbid personality disorder in 73.1% of the patients. The sensitivity and specificity were 0.80 and 0.70, respectively. LIMITATIONS: The findings cannot......BACKGROUND: Personality disorder frequently co-occurs with depression and seems to be associated with a poorer outcome of treatment and increased risk for recurrences. However, the diagnosing of personality disorder can be lengthy and requires some training. Therefore, a brief screening interview...... for comorbid personality disorder among patients suffering from depression would be of clinical use. METHOD: The present study aimed to assess the utility of the Standardised Assessment of Personality - Abbreviated Scale (SAPAS) as a screen for personality disorder in a population of patients recently...

  3. Fabrication of Nanodot Decorated Sapphire Substrates for Abbreviated Growth Mode Deposition of Gallium Nitride

    Biser, Jeffrey M.

    The overarching theme of this body of work is the development and demonstration of sapphire substrates with sub-micron scale surface features laid out in arrays with controlled shape, size, and distribution. The key contributions of the work are: (1) the collaborative demonstration that such substrates enable novel GaN fabrication options like the Abbreviated Growth Mode (AGM) approach that can lead to lower cost, higher quality LED devices, (2) the proof-of-concept demonstration that large scale surface patterning with the use of anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) templates is a feasible approach for creating low-cost patterns that should be compatible with AGM, and (3) that the Aluminum-to-sapphire conversion process used to fabricate the surface structures has distinct zones of behavior with regard to feature size and temperature that can be used to suggest an optimized set of process conditions.

  4. Abbreviations [Annex to The Fukushima Daiichi Accident, Technical Volume 1/5

    This annex is a list of abbreviations used in the publication The Fukushima Daiichi Accident, Technical Volume 1/5. The list includes the abbreviations for: • accident management; • accident management guideline; • auxiliary operator; • abnormal operating procedure; • air operated value; • alarm pocket dosimeter; • all rods in; • containment atmospheric monitoring system; • containment cooling system; • control rod; • core spray; • condensate storage tank; • diesel driven fire pump; • dry well; • emergency core cooling system; • emergency diesel generator; • emergency operating procedure; • Emergency Response Centre; • fire protection; • high pressure coolant injection; • heating, ventilating and air-conditioning; • isolation condenser; • loss of off-site power; • metal clad switch gear; • motor control centre; • main control room; • Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry; • motor operated valve; • measuring point/monitoring post; • main steam isolation valve; • make-up water condensate; • Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency; • nuclear power plant; • Nuclear Regulatory Authority; • power centre; • primary containment isolation signal; • primary containment vessel; • reactor building; • reactor core isolution cooling; • residual heat removal; • residual heat removal and cooling seawater; • reactor pressure vessel; • station blackout; • suppression chamber; • self-contained breathing apparatus; • spent fuel pool; • standby gas treatment system; • standby liquid control; • standby liquid control system; • safety relief valve; • top of active fuel; • turbine building; • Tokyo Electric Power Company; • wide range

  5. 78 FR 25749 - Submission of New Drug Application/Abbreviated New Drug Application Field Alert Reports: Notice...

    2013-05-02

    ... Application Field Alert Reports: Notice of Form FDA 3331--Automated Pilot Program AGENCY: Food and Drug... submit new drug application (NDA) and abbreviated new drug application (ANDA) Field Alert Reports (FARs... program should be sent to district Drug Field Alert Monitors (contact information for each of...

  6. Matching Element Symbols with State Abbreviations: A Fun Activity for Browsing the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements

    Woelk, Klaus

    2009-01-01

    A classroom activity is presented in which students are challenged to find matches between the United States two-letter postal abbreviations for states and chemical element symbols. The activity aims to lessen negative apprehensions students might have when the periodic table of the elements with its more than 100 combinations of letters is first…

  7. 76 FR 26307 - Guidance for Industry on the Submission of Summary Bioequivalence Data for Abbreviated New Drug...

    2011-05-06

    ... the Federal Register in January 2009 (74 FR 2849, January 16, 2009). The final rule requires ANDA... announced the availability of the draft version of this guidance (74 FR 17872). The public comment period... Bioequivalence Data for Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration,...

  8. Txt Msg N School Literacy: Does Texting and Knowledge of Text Abbreviations Adversely Affect Children's Literacy Attainment?

    Plester, Beverly; Wood, Clare; Bell, Victoria

    2008-01-01

    This paper reports on two studies which investigated the relationship between children's texting behaviour, their knowledge of text abbreviations and their school attainment in written language skills. In Study One, 11-12-year-old children provided information on their texting behaviour. They were also asked to translate a standard English…

  9. Magnetic resonance imaging. Sequence acronyms and other abbreviations in MR imaging

    The role of magnetic resonance imaging in clinical routine is still increasing. The large number of possible MR acquisition schemes reflects the variety of tis ue-dependent parameters that may influence the contrast within the image. Those schemes can be categorized into gradient echo and spin echo techniques. Within hese groups, further sorting can be done to differentiate between single-echo, ulti-echo, and single-shot techniques. Each of these techniques can be combined with preparation schemes for modifying the longitudinal magnetization. Hybrids re found between the groups, which are those techniques that utilize spin echoe as well as gradient echoes. Academic groups as well as vendors often have diff rent sequence acronyms for the same acquisition scheme. This contribution will ort these sequence acronyms into the previously mentioned scheme. The basic pri nciple of the data acquisition is elaborated on and hints are given for potentia clinical applications. Besides the sequence-specific acronyms, new abbreviations have surfaced recently in conjunction with ''parallel acquisition techniques.'' The latter means the utilization of multiple surface coils where the position a d the sensitivity profile of the coils provide additional spatial information, allowing the application of reduced matrixes leading to a shorter measurement ti e. (orig.)

  10. The Convergent, Discriminant, and Concurrent Validity of Scores on the Abbreviated Self-Leadership Questionnaire

    Faruk Şahin

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The present study reports the psychometric properties of a short measure of self-leadership in the Turkish context: the Abbreviated Self-Leadership Questionnaire (ASLQ. The ASLQ was examined using two samples and showed sound psychometric properties. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that nine-item ASLQ measured a single construct of self-leadership. The results supported the convergent and discriminant validity of the one-factor model of the ASLQ in relation to the 35-item Revised Self-Leadership Questionnaire and General Self-Efficacy scale, respectively. With regard to internal consistency and test-retest reliability, the ASLQ showed acceptable results. Furthermore, the results provided evidence that scores on the ASLQ positively predicted individual's self-reported task performance and self-efficacy mediated this relationship. Taken together, these findings suggest that the Turkish version of the ASLQ is a reliable and valid measure that can be used to measure self-leadership as one variable of interest in the future studies.

  11. ‘LOL’, ‘OMG’ and Other Acronyms and Abbreviations : A study in the creation of initialisms

    Lundell, Ida

    2012-01-01

    Marchand (1969) claims that abbreviations and acronyms, which are also known as ‘initialisms’, are used to create “names of new scientific discoveries, trade-names, names of organizations, new foundations or offices, but occasionally, and chiefly in American English, personal and geographical names are also coined in this way” (Marchand, 1969: 452). However, initialisms that originate from netspeak, such as ‘LOL’, are different from the initialisms Marchand (1969) describes. These initialisms...

  12. The effectiveness of an abbreviated training program for health workers in breast cancer awareness: innovative strategies for resource constrained environments

    Mutebi, Miriam; Wasike, Ronald; Mushtaq, Ahmed; Kahie, Aideed; Ntoburi, Stephen

    2013-01-01

    Background Breast cancer is characterized by late presentation and significant morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Breast screening aids in early detection of breast cancer. Nurses are uniquely placed to provide advocacy and screening in a resource limited environment. Objectives To assess the effectiveness of an abbreviated training program in breast cancer awareness on nurses at a tertiary hospital, in a resource constrained environment. Methods Using a statistical tool, the So...

  13. Diagnostic per-patient accuracy of an abbreviated hepatobiliary phase gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI for hepatocellular carcinoma surveillance.

    Marks, Robert M; Ryan, Andrew; Heba, Elhamy R; Tang, An; Wolfson, Tanya J; Gamst, Anthony C; Sirlin, Claude B; Bashir, Mustafa R

    2015-03-01

    OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the per-patient diagnostic performance of an abbreviated gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI protocol for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) surveillance. MATERIALS AND METHODS. A retrospective review identified 298 consecutive patients at risk for HCC enrolled in a gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI-based HCC surveillance program. For each patient, the first gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI was analyzed. To simulate an abbreviated protocol, two readers independently read two image sets per patient: set 1 consisted of T1-weighted 20-minute hepatobiliary phase and T2-weighted single-shot fast spin-echo (SSFSE) images; set 2 included diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and images from set 1. Image sets were scored as positive or negative according to the presence of at least one nodule 10 mm or larger that met the predetermined criteria. Agreement was assessed using Cohen kappa statistics. A composite reference standard was used to determine the diagnostic performance of each image set for each reader. RESULTS. Interreader agreement was substantial for both image sets (κ = 0.72 for both) and intrareader agreement was excellent (κ = 0.97-0.99). Reader performance for image set 1 was sensitivity of 85.7% for reader A and 79.6% for reader B, specificity of 91.2% for reader A and 95.2% for reader B, and negative predictive value of 97.0% for reader A and 96.0% for reader B. Reader performance for image set 2 was nearly identical, with only one of 298 examinations scored differently on image set 2 compared with set 1. CONCLUSION. An abbreviated MRI protocol consisting of T2-weighted SSFSE and gadoxetic acid-enhanced hepatobiliary phase has high negative predictive value and may be an acceptable method for HCC surveillance. The inclusion of a DWI sequence did not significantly alter the diagnostic performance of the abbreviated protocol. PMID:25714281

  14. Math Anxiety Assessment with the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale: Applicability and Usefulness: Insights from the Polish Adaptation

    Cipora, Krzysztof; Szczygieł, Monika; Willmes, Klaus; Nuerk, Hans-Christoph

    2015-01-01

    Math anxiety has an important impact on mathematical development and performance. However, although math anxiety is supposed to be a transcultural trait, assessment instruments are scarce and are validated mainly for Western cultures so far. Therefore, we aimed at examining the transcultural generality of math anxiety by a thorough investigation of the validity of math anxiety assessment in Eastern Europe. We investigated the validity and reliability of a Polish adaptation of the Abbreviated ...

  15. A comparative validation of the abbreviated Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES-10) with the Neuropsychiatric Inventory apathy subscale against diagnostic criteria of apathy.

    Leontjevas, R.; Evers-Stephan, A.; Smalbrugge, M.; Pot, A.M.; Thewissen, V.; Gerritsen, D.L.; Koopmans, R.T.C.M.

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To compare the Neuropsychiatric Inventory apathy subscale (NPIa) with the abbreviated Apathy Evaluation Scale (AES-10) on discriminant validity and on their performance to distinguish residents as apathetic or nonapathetic. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. SETTING: Nursing home. PARTICIPAN

  16. Towards a Theory and View of Teaching Compressed and Abbreviated Research Methodology and Statistics Courses

    James Carifio

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available One of the highly questionable effects of educational reform and other curriculum reshaping factors at both the high school, post-secondary and graduate levels has been the shift to teaching compressed, pared-down or abbreviated courses in still needed or required subject-matter that became de-emphasized in the current educational reformation. Research methodology, particularly the highly quantitative and experimental kind and statistics, are two still needed to some degree subject matters that has been especially affected by this demotion and compression movement at the pre-service, in-service, professional development, undergraduate, continuing education and graduate levels, even though the professional areas of education, science, business, politics and most other areas (including history have become far more quantitative and objective research oriented than in the past. Until there are more enlightened policy shifts, effective means of teaching such compressed courses need to be devised and tested, if only to lessen the negative outcomes of such critical courses. This article, therefore, analyzes compressed courses from the point of view of cognitive learning and then describes 5 methods and approaches that were tested to improve the effectiveness of research methodology and statistics courses taught in these formats. Each of the formats helped to reduce student stress and anxiety about the content and its compressed presentation and improved understanding and achievement. The theory and view developed in this article is also applicable to similar compressed courses for scientific and/or technical content which are currently prevalent in allied health and biotechnology areas.

  17. Essay on the pertinence of Luscher's abbreviate test in psychological evaluation of the radioactive accident victims of Goiania

    The essay on the pertinence of Luscher's abbreviate test in psychological evaluation of the radioactive accident victims of Goiania - Brazilian city - occurred in 1987 is consequence of confront of data obtained in two distinct situations having for criterion: time, efficiency and pertinence. Besides of this, they are introduced palografic and the house-tree-person - HTP - tests. These tests aimed at the common psychological characteristics verification to radioactive accident victims' personality of Goiania and to the data existential moment for those people. Among the three tests, the one of Luscher was what obtained the best interviewees acceptance index

  18. Self efficacy for fruit, vegetable and water intakes: Expanded and abbreviated scales from item response modeling analyses

    Cullen Karen W

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective To improve an existing measure of fruit and vegetable intake self efficacy by including items that varied on levels of difficulty, and testing a corresponding measure of water intake self efficacy. Design Cross sectional assessment. Items were modified to have easy, moderate and difficult levels of self efficacy. Classical test theory and item response modeling were applied. Setting One middle school at each of seven participating sites (Houston TX, Irvine CA, Philadelphia PA, Pittsburg PA, Portland OR, rural NC, and San Antonio TX. Subjects 714 6th grade students. Results Adding items to reflect level (low, medium, high of self efficacy for fruit and vegetable intake achieved scale reliability and validity comparable to existing scales, but the distribution of items across the latent variable did not improve. Selecting items from among clusters of items at similar levels of difficulty along the latent variable resulted in an abbreviated scale with psychometric characteristics comparable to the full scale, except for reliability. Conclusions The abbreviated scale can reduce participant burden. Additional research is necessary to generate items that better distribute across the latent variable. Additional items may need to tap confidence in overcoming more diverse barriers to dietary intake.

  19. Using Genetic Algorithms in a Large Nationally Representative American Sample to Abbreviate the Multidimensional Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire

    Sahdra, Baljinder K.; Ciarrochi, Joseph; Parker, Philip; Scrucca, Luca

    2016-01-01

    Genetic algorithms (GAs) are robust machine learning approaches for abbreviating a large set of variables into a shorter subset that maximally captures the variance in the original data. We employed a GA-based method to shorten the 62-item Multidimensional Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire (MEAQ) by half without much loss of information. Experiential avoidance or the tendency to avoid negative internal experiences is a key target of many psychological interventions and its measurement is an important issue in psychology. The 62-item MEAQ has been shown to have good psychometric properties, but its length may limit its use in most practical settings. The recently validated 15-item brief version (BEAQ) is one short alternative, but it reduces the multidimensional scale to a single dimension. We sought to shorten the 62-item MEAQ by half while maintaining fidelity to its six dimensions. In a large nationally representative sample of Americans (N = 7884; 52% female; Age: M = 47.9, SD = 16), we employed a GA method of scale abbreviation implemented in the R package, GAabbreviate. The GA-derived short form, MEAQ-30 with five items per subscale, performed virtually identically to the original 62-item MEAQ in terms of inter-subscales correlations, factor structure, factor correlations, and zero-order correlations and unique latent associations of the six subscales with other measures of mental distress, wellbeing and personal strivings. The two measures also showed similar distributions of means across American census regions. The MEAQ-30 provides a multidimensional assessment of experiential avoidance whilst minimizing participant burden. The study adds to the emerging literature on the utility of machine learning methods in psychometrics. PMID:26941672

  20. 21 CFR 314.107 - Effective date of approval of a 505(b)(2) application or abbreviated new drug application under...

    2010-04-01

    ... this chapter, but does not include transfer of the drug product for reasons other than sale within the...) application or abbreviated new drug application under section 505(j) of the act. 314.107 Section 314.107 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS...

  1. Math Anxiety Assessment with the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale: Applicability and usefulness: insights from the Polish adaptation

    Krzysztof eCipora

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Math anxiety has an important impact on mathematical development and performance. However, although math anxiety is supposed to be a transcultural trait, assessment instruments are scarce and are validated mainly for Western cultures so far. Therefore, we aimed at examining the transcultural generality of math anxiety by a thorough investigation of the validity of math anxiety assessment in Eastern Europe. We investigated the validity and reliability of a Polish adaptation of the Abbreviated Math Anxiety Scale (AMAS, known to have very good psychometric characteristics in its original, American-English version as well as in its Italian and Iranian adaptations.We also observed high reliability, both for internal consistency and test-retest stability of the AMAS in the Polish sample. The results also show very good construct, convergent and discriminant validity: The factorial structure in Polish adult participants (n = 857 was very similar to the one previously found in other samples; AMAS scores correlated moderately in expected directions with state and trait anxiety, self-assessed math achievement and skill as well temperamental traits of emotional reactivity, briskness, endurance and perseverance. Average scores obtained by participants as well as gender differences and correlations with external measures were also similar across cultures. Beyond the cultural comparison, we used path model analyses to show that math anxiety relates to math grades and self-competence when controlling for trait anxiety.The current study shows transcultural validity of math anxiety assessment with the AMAS.

  2. One of These Things Is Not Quite the Same: A Comparison of the Patent Doctrine of Equivalents with Suitability for Filing an Abbreviated New Drug Application

    Halstead, David P.

    2002-01-01

    The doctrine of equivalents as applied to chemical patents is compared to the FDA’s findings of bioequivalence in reviewing suitability petitions for filing Abbreviated New Drug Applications (ANDAs). The doctrine of equivalents provides the greatest flexibility early in the drug-development process, gradually diminishing as the product refinements become increasingly minor. Determinations of bioequivalence, however, exhibit the reverse trend as applied to analogous situatio...

  3. Validation of the Abbreviated Brucella AMOS PCR as a Rapid Screening Method for Differentiation of Brucella abortus Field Strain Isolates and the Vaccine Strains, 19 and RB51

    Ewalt, Darla R; Bricker, Betsy J.

    2000-01-01

    The Brucella AMOS PCR assay was previously developed to identify and differentiate specific Brucella species. In this study, an abbreviated Brucella AMOS PCR test was evaluated to determine its accuracy in differentiating Brucella abortus into three categories: field strains, vaccine strain 19 (S19), and vaccine strain RB51/parent strain 2308 (S2308). Two hundred thirty-one isolates were identified and tested by the conventional biochemical tests and Brucella AMOS PCR. This included 120 isola...

  4. Abbreviation of larval development and extension of brood care as key features of the evolution of freshwater Decapoda.

    Vogt, Günter

    2013-02-01

    The transition from marine to freshwater habitats is one of the major steps in the evolution of life. In the decapod crustaceans, four groups have colonized fresh water at different geological times since the Triassic, the freshwater shrimps, freshwater crayfish, freshwater crabs and freshwater anomurans. Some families have even colonized terrestrial habitats via the freshwater route or directly via the sea shore. Since none of these taxa has ever reinvaded its environment of origin the Decapoda appear particularly suitable to investigate life-history adaptations to fresh water. Evolutionary comparison of marine, freshwater and terrestrial decapods suggests that the reduction of egg number, abbreviation of larval development, extension of brood care and lecithotrophy of the first posthatching life stages are key adaptations to fresh water. Marine decapods usually have high numbers of small eggs and develop through a prolonged planktonic larval cycle, whereas the production of small numbers of large eggs, direct development and extended brood care until the juvenile stage is the rule in freshwater crayfish, primary freshwater crabs and aeglid anomurans. The amphidromous freshwater shrimp and freshwater crab species and all terrestrial decapods that invaded land via the sea shore have retained ocean-type planktonic development. Abbreviation of larval development and extension of brood care are interpreted as adaptations to the particularly strong variations of hydrodynamic parameters, physico-chemical factors and phytoplankton availability in freshwater habitats. These life-history changes increase fitness of the offspring and are obviously favoured by natural selection, explaining their multiple origins in fresh water. There is no evidence for their early evolution in the marine ancestors of the extant freshwater groups and a preadaptive role for the conquest of fresh water. The costs of the shift from relative r- to K-strategy in freshwater decapods are traded

  5. Little Rock and El Dorado 10 x 20 NTMS quadrangles and adjacent areas, Arkansas: data report (abbreviated)

    This abbreviated data report presents results of ground water and stream sediment reconnaissance in the National Topographic Map Series Little Rock 10 x 20 quadrangle (Cleveland, Dallas, and Howard Counties do not have stream sediment analyses); the El Dorado 10 x 20 quadrangle (only Clark County has stream sediment analyses); the western part (Lonoke and Jefferson Counties) of Helena 10 x 20 quadrangle; the southern part (Franklin, Logan, Yell, Perry, Faulkner, and Lonoke Counties) of Russellville 10 x 20 quadrangle; and the southwestern corner (Ashley County) of the Greenwood 10 x 20 quadrangle. Stream samples were collected at 943 sites in the Little Rock quadrangle, 806 sites in the El Dorado quadrangle, 121 sites in the Helena area, 292 sites in the Russellville area, and 77 in the Greenwood area. Ground water samples were collected at 1211 sites in the Little Rock quadrangle, 1369 sites in the El Dorado quadrangle, 186 sites in the Helena area, 470 sites in the Russellville area, and 138 sites in the Greenwood area. Stream sediment and stream water samples were collected from small streams at nominal density of one site per 21 square kilometers in rural areas. Ground water samples were collected at a nominal density of one site per 13 square kilometers. Neutron activation analysis results are given for uranium and 16 other elements in sediments, and for uranium and 8 other elements in ground water. Field measurements and observations are reported for each site. Uranium concentrations in the sediments ranged from less than 0.1 ppM to 23.5 ppM with a mean of 1.7 ppM. The ground water uranium mean concentration is 0.113 ppB, and the uranium concentrations range from less than 0.002 ppB to 15.875 ppB. High ground water uranium values in the Ouachita Mountain region of the Little Rock quadrangle appear to be associated with Ordovician black shale units

  6. Some Common Abbreviations

    ... Coronary artery disease A common type of heart disease CAT Computerized axial tomography A type of x-ray ... Gastrointestinal Another term for your digestive system GFR Glomerular ... that causes one type of liver disease HBV Hepatitis B virus A virus that causes ...

  7. Discussion of the Abbreviations by Simplifying Sentence of “Life is Already Hard, so Don't Expose the Truth”%从“人艰不拆”等看句子缩词

    白鑫

    2015-01-01

    The abbreviation by simplifying sentences is a new language phenomenon originated in the network, which is abbre-viated by four characters and every abbreviations is single word and at least one morpheme is a verb.But most of the abbreviations is ambiguous.The paper thinks that the there is a mapping relationship between the abbreviation and the sentence The theory of spreading activation and the grammar generation can explain the mapping relationship and the cognitive process of sentence reduc-tion.In addition, the cognitive limitation of the abbreviation by simplifying is mainly from the spreading activation level of strength and cognitive scope.%句子缩词是网络中萌芽产生的一种新的语言现象,是缩略词的一种。句子缩词以四字格居多,词中每个字均为单字词,并且至少有一个语素为动词,但缩略词大多语义不明确。我们认为,缩略词与原句具有一定的映射关系,通过激活扩散模型和语法生成理论可以解释这种映射关系,并说明句子缩词的认知过程。此外,我们认为句子缩词的认知限制主要来自激活扩散程度强弱和认知范围大小。

  8. Consideration of Change of Abbreviated Network Chinese Words%缩略型网络语言的变化及思考--“然并卵”等例析

    李新梅

    2016-01-01

    This paper analyzed the latest abbreviated network Chinese word “Ranbingluan” from three aspects of origin , struc-ture and semanteme , and it also discussed the generating motivation of the abbreviated network Chinese word from the perspective of social environment and human mentality , the combination of abbreviation and regional dialects .Considering the rationality , possi-bility, innovativeness , openness and uncontrollability , the paper analyzed the changes of abbreviated network Chinese words .%先从来源、结构和语义这三方面分析最新缩略型的网络语言“然并卵”;进而从社会环境和人文心理这两大方面探讨网络缩略语的生成动因及最新变化:缩略与地方方言相结合;最后结合网络语言的共同特性:合理性、可能性、创新性、渗透性、开放性与不可控性,谈谈对缩略型的网络语言变化的几点思考。

  9. Risk adapted transmission prophylaxis to prevent vertical HIV–1 transmission: Effectiveness and safety of an abbreviated regimen of postnatal oral Zidovudine

    Neubert Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Antiretroviral drugs including zidovudine (ZDV are effective in reducing HIV mother to child transmission (MTCT, however safety concern remains. The optimal duration of postnatal ZDV has not been established in clinical studies and there is a lack of consensus regarding optimal management. The objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness and safety of a risk adapted two week course of oral postnatal ZDV as part of a combined intervention to reduce MTCT. Methods 118 mother infant pairs were treated according to the German-Austrian recommendations for HIV therapy in pregnancy and in HIV exposed newborns between 2000–2010. In the absence of factors associated with an increased HIV–1 transmission risk, children were assigned to the low risk group and treated with an abbreviated postnatal regimen with oral ZDV for 2 weeks. In the presence of risk factors, postnatal ZDV was escalated accordingly. Results Of 118 mother-infant pairs 79 were stratified to the low risk group, 27 to the high risk group and 11 to the very high risk group for HIV–1 MTCT. 4 children were lost to follow up. Overall Transmission risk in the group regardless of risk factors and completion of prophylaxis was 1.8% (95% confidence interval (CI 0.09–6.6. If transmission prophylaxis was complete, transmission risk was 0.9% (95% CI 0.01-5.7. In the low risk group receiving two week oral ZDV transmission risk was 1.4% (95% CI 0.01–8.4 Conclusion These data demonstrate the effectiveness of a short neonatal ZDV regimen in infants of women on stable ART and effective HIV–1 suppression. Further evaluation is needed in larger studies.

  10. Appendix B: Some Common Abbreviations

    ... virus that causes one type of liver disease HCT Hematocrit A blood test measurement HCV Hepatitis C ... A type of joint disease RBC Red blood cell A type of blood cell RSV Respiratory syncytial ...

  11. Cross-validation of the factorial structure of the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS and its abbreviated form (NEWS-A

    Cerin Ester

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS and its abbreviated form (NEWS-A assess perceived environmental attributes believed to influence physical activity. A multilevel confirmatory factor analysis (MCFA conducted on a sample from Seattle, WA showed that, at the respondent level, the factor-analyzable items of the NEWS and NEWS-A measured 11 and 10 constructs of perceived neighborhood environment, respectively. At the census blockgroup (used by the US Census Bureau as a subunit of census tracts level, the MCFA yielded five factors for both NEWS and NEWS-A. The aim of this study was to cross-validate the individual- and blockgroup-level measurement models of the NEWS and NEWS-A in a geographical location and population different from those used in the original validation study. Methods A sample of 912 adults was recruited from 16 selected neighborhoods (116 census blockgroups in the Baltimore, MD region. Neighborhoods were stratified according to their socio-economic status and transport-related walkability level measured using Geographic Information Systems. Participants self-completed the NEWS. MCFA was used to cross-validate the individual- and blockgroup-level measurement models of the NEWS and NEWS-A. Results The data provided sufficient support for the factorial validity of the original individual-level measurement models, which consisted of 11 (NEWS and 10 (NEWS-A correlated factors. The original blockgroup-level measurement model of the NEWS and NEWS-A showed poor fit to the data and required substantial modifications. These included the combining of aspects of building aesthetics with safety from crime into one factor; the separation of natural aesthetics and building aesthetics into two factors; and for the NEWS-A, the separation of presence of sidewalks/walking routes from other infrastructure for walking. Conclusion This study provided support for the generalizability of the individual

  12. A Study of Abbreviation Identification in Official Documents Based on Bivariate Correlations%基于二元相关性的公文缩略语识别研究

    孙启高

    2014-01-01

    运用相关性理论,建立1200多万字的当代汉语政教类公文抽样语料库,在对语料库进行分词、标注等加工的基础上,对其中词语的二元相关性组合进行了抽样统计分析,以此为基础对双音节缩略语进行识别和抽取,获得了比较理想的结果,为缩略语的自动识别和公文自动理解提供了新的思路和方法。%According to the correlation theory , this paper establishes a contemporary Chinese political and educational documents corpus which has more than 12 million words . The data are analyzed based on the corpus segmentation , tagging and processing . The results of identifying and extracting double syllable abbreviations based on the statistics and analysis are satisfactory , w hich provides more ideas and methods for the automatic identification of abbreviations and understanding of the official documents .

  13. 基于最大熵模型的学术缩写自动识别%Study on Automatic Identiifcation of Academic Abbreviations and their Deifnitions based on Maximum Entropy Model

    张秋子; 陆伟; 程齐凯; 黄永

    2015-01-01

    In order to effectively identify the abbreviations and their corresponding deifnitions from enormous English academic texts, this paper proposes an automatic identification algorithm called MELearn-AI.In the perspective of the sequence labelling,MELearn-AI utilizes a manually labelled dataset and adopts maximum entropy algorithm to train a model, and then identify abbreviations in computer science academic texts based on the model. This method achieves a 95.8% precision rate with a 86.3% recall rate in the "Paren-sen" evaluation dataset created in this paper,it shows an obvious improvement compared to the other two algorithms.This paper proposes a method to identify the abbreviations and their corresponding deifnitions.Tested in English academic texts of computer science, the algorithm achieves satisfactory results, which is helpful to better understanding and adopting the terminology of this ifeld.%为实现海量英文学术文本中缩写词及对应缩写定义的识别,本文提出了一种自动缩写识别算法MELearn-AI。该算法在人工标注数据集的基础上,从序列标注的角度,通过最大熵模型实现了计算机领域英文学术文本中的自动缩写识别。MELearn-AI在本文构建的评测数据集“Paren-sen”上得到了95.8%的查准率和86.3%的查全率,相对于其他两组对照实验的效果有较为明显的提升。本文提出的自动缩写识别方法能够在计算机领域的学术文本上取得令人满意的效果,有助于更好地理解并利用该领域术语。

  14. Safety of oral glutamine in the abbreviation of preoperative fasting: a double-blind, controlled, randomized clinical trial Seguridad de la glutamina oral en la abreviación del ayuno preoperatorio: un ensayo clínico doble ciego, controlado, aleatorizado

    D. Borges Dock-Nascimento; J. E. D Aguilar-Nascimento; C. Caporossi; M. Sepulveda Magalhães Faria; R. Bragagnolo; F. S. Caporossi; D. Linetzky Waitzberg

    2011-01-01

    Introduction: No study so far has tested a beverage containing glutamine 2 h before anesthesia in patients undergoing surgery. Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate: 1) the safety of the abbreviation of preoperative fasting to 2 h with a carbohydrate-L-glutamine-rich drink; and 2) the residual gastric volume (RGV) measured after the induction of anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Methods: Randomized controlled trial with 56 women (42 (17-65) years-old) submitted to e...

  15. 40 CFR 94.3 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... subparts of this part and have the following meanings: AECD—Auxiliary emission control device. API—American... emission limit. ft—foot or feet. FTP—Federal Test Procedure. g—gram(s). g/kW-hr—Grams per kilowatt...

  16. 40 CFR 92.3 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ...—American Petroleum Institute ASTM—American Society for Testing and Materials BHP—Brake horsepower BSCO...—Kelvin kg—kilogram(s) km—kilometer(s) kPa—kilopascal(s) lb—pound(s) LPG—Liquified Petroleum Gas...

  17. 40 CFR 86.078-3 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ..., and for 1985 and Later Model Year New Gasoline Fueled, Natural Gas-Fueled, Liquefied Petroleum Gas... following meanings: accel.—acceleration. AECD—Auxiliary emission control device. API—American...

  18. 40 CFR 88.103-94 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... Hydrocarbon Equivalent NMOG—Non-Methane Organic Gas NOx—Nitrogen Oxides PM—Particulate Matter GVWR—Gross Vehicle Weight Rating LVW—Loaded Vehicle Weight TW—Test Weight TLEV—Transitional Low-Emission Vehicle LEV—Low-Emission Vehicle ULEV—Ultra Low-Emission Vehicle ZEV—Zero-Emission Vehicle...

  19. 40 CFR 300.4 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... COMMUNITY RIGHT-TO-KNOW PROGRAMS NATIONAL OIL AND HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES POLLUTION CONTINGENCY PLAN...—CERCLA Information System CRC—Community Relations Coordinator CRP—Community Relations Plan DRAT—District...—Remedial Investigation ROD—Record of Decision RPM—Remedial Project Manager RRC—Regional Response Center...

  20. 40 CFR 86.1503 - Abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... Heavy-Duty Engines, New Methanol-Fueled Natural Gas-Fueled, and Liquefied Petroleum Gas-Fueled Diesel-Cycle Heavy-Duty Engines, New Otto-Cycle Light-Duty Trucks, and New Methanol-Fueled Natural Gas-Fueled, and Liquefied Petroleum Gas-Fueled Diesel-Cycle Light-Duty Trucks; Idle Test Procedures §...

  1. 7 CFR 1945.5 - Abbreviations.

    2010-01-01

    ... 103-354. (l) LFAC—Local Food and Agriculture Council. (m) NASS—State Statistical Office of the USDA.... (e) EM—Emergency. (f) EOH—USDA Emergency Operations Handbook. (g) FAC—Food and Agriculture Council... Administration. (p) SFAC—USDA State Food and Agriculture Council. (q) USDA—United States Department...

  2. 77 FR 7517 - Definitions and Abbreviations

    2012-02-13

    ...'' in the definition section of the regulation and clarifying the Agency's policy as it relates to... the use of the Internet and other information technologies, to provide increased opportunities for... is amended by adding a new definition of Interest, to read as follows: Sec. 4279.2 Definitions...

  3. 77 FR 7546 - Definitions and Abbreviations

    2012-02-13

    ... interest with prior Agency approval. By defining ``interest'' in the definition section of the regulation... Internet and other information technologies, to provide increased opportunities for citizen access to... new definition of Interest, to read as follows: Sec. 4279.2 Definitions and...

  4. Abbreviated Case Studies in Organizational Communication

    Wanguri, Deloris McGee

    2005-01-01

    The cases contained within organizational communication texts are generally two to three pages, often followed by questions. These case studies are certainly useful. They generally describe events in the present, provide some type of organizational context, include first-hand data, include a record of what people say and think, develop a…

  5. Preliminary application of the abbreviated C-SPSI to nursing students in Shanghai%《简化中文版日常生活问题解决调查表》在沪护理实习生中的初步试用

    王伟; 程云; 袁浩斌

    2010-01-01

    Objective To explore the applicability of the abbreviated Chinese version of the social problem-solving inventory (C-SPSI) for nursing students in Shanghai. Methods The abbreviated C-SPSI was revised and 603 nursing students in Shanghai were surveyed by it, and the reliability and con-struct validity were evaluated by inter-item consistency analysis, test-retest reliability and principal factor analysis. Results The total CVI was 0.968. The construct validity was confirmed by factor analysis with 64.917% variance explained by four factors. The total Cronbach's α of C-SPSI was 0.897,and the total test-retest reliability coefficient was 0.781. Conclusions The abbreviated C-SPSI is an instrument with good reliability and validity and it can be used in assessing the nursing students' social problem-solving abilities and deficits.%目的 考察简化中文版日常生活问题解决调查表在上海护理实习生群体中的适用性.方法 修订,对603例在上海开展护理实习的护生进行调查,采用内部一致性分析、重测信度和因子分析考察量表的信度和效度.结果 调查表的表面效度值为0.968;因子分析得到4个公因子,共解释了64.917%的方差;量表总的Cronbach's α系数为0.897,重测信度为0.781.结论 是一份具有较好信度和效度的评定工具,可用于评价上海地区护理实习生日常生活问题解决能力和缺陷.

  6. 课文缩写法在大学英语课堂教学中的应用——“The Gratitude We Need”为例%On the Application of Abbreviation of the Text to College English Class Teaching:A Case Study on "The Gratitude We Need"

    李静

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyzes the strength and weakness of the product,process and genre approaches to writing,and finds the abbreviation of the text is an effective training for writing teaching.Besides,it can combines the writing teaching with reading teaching so as to enhance the students' input and output through noticing the text.%本文通过比较结果教学法、过程教学法和体裁教学法的优缺点,分析各教学法的教学过程,认为课文缩写是综合各教学法的可行的写作训练方式,借此把阅读和写作教学结合起来,促使学生对知识点的有意注意来强化其语言输入和输出。

  7. Resultados clínicos e metabólicos da abreviação do jejum com carboidratos na revascularização cirúrgica do miocárdio Clinical and metabolic results of fasting abbreviation with carbohydrates in coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Gibran Roder Feguri

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: Existe pouca informação sobre abreviação do jejum pré-operatório com oferta de líquidos ricos em carboidratos (CHO nas operações cardiovasculares. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar variáveis clínicas, segurança do método e efeitos no metabolismo de pacientes submetidos à abreviação do jejum na cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio (CRVM. MÉTODOS: Quarenta pacientes submetidos à CRVM foram randomizados para receberem 400 ml (6 horas antes e 200 mL (2 horas antes de maltodextrina a 12,5% (Grupo I, n=20 ou apenas água (Grupo II, n=20 antes da indução anestésica. Foram avaliadas diversas variáveis clínicas no perioperatório e também a resistência insulínica (RI pelo índice de Homa-IR e pela necessidade de insulina exógena; além da função excretora da célula beta pancreática pelo Homa-Beta e controle glicêmico por exames de glicemia capilar. RESULTADOS: Não ocorreram óbitos, broncoaspiração, mediastinite, infarto agudo do miocárdio ou acidente vascular encefálico perioperatórios. Fibrilação atrial ocorreu em dois pacientes de cada grupo e complicações infecciosas não diferiram entre os grupos (P=0,611. Pacientes do Grupo I apresentaram dois dias a menos de internação hospitalar (P=0,025 e um dia a menos na UTI (P0,05. Declínio da produção endógena de insulina ocorreu em ambos os grupos (PINTRODUCTION: Limited information is available about preoperative fasting abbreviation with administration of liquid enriched with carbohydrates (CHO in cardiovascular surgeries. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate clinical variables, security of the method and effects on the metabolism of patients undergoing fasting abbreviation in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG surgery. METHODS: Forty patients undergoing CABG were randomized to receive 400 ml (6 hours before and 200 ml (2 hours before of maltodextrin at 12.5% (Group I, n=20 or just water (Group II, n=20 before anesthetic induction. Perioperative clinical variables

  8. Analyzing the Feasibility of Teaching Critical Reading Strategies with the Abbreviated Version of English Literary Work%批判性阅读策略教学的可行性分析--以英文名著简写本为例

    董美珍

    2015-01-01

    批判性阅读作为英语教学中培养学生批判性思维的重要途径,得到了国内外学者的关注。本文以英文名著简写本为阅读材料,以高中生为教学对象,探讨适用于小说体裁的批判性阅读策略,以期帮助学生开展批判性阅读,改善批判性思维。%Critical Reading, the important approach of developing students’ critical thinking in English teaching, has gained wide atten-tion from the scholars at home and abroad. This article aims at selecting the appropriate Critical Reading strategies which can be applied in the fictions chosen from the abbreviated version of English literary work and are suitable for High school students in English lesson. The strategies can help the students read critically and improve the students’ critical thinking.

  9. Report on the draft of the law No. 1253 concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply. Volume III. Appendices and Table of abbreviations; Rapport sur le projet de loi (no. 1253) relatif a la modernisation et au developpement du service public de l'electricite. Tome III. Annexes et Table des sigles

    Bataille, Christian [Assemblee Nationale, Paris (France)

    1999-02-11

    The third volume of the Report on behalf of the Production and Exchange Commission on the draft of the law No. 1253 concerning the Revamping and Expanding Domestic Electricity Supply contains Appendices. The appendix number 1 presents the directive 96/92 CE of the European Parliament and Council of 19 December 1996, concerning common rules referring to the electricity internal market. It contains the chapters titled: 1. Field of application and definitions; 2. General rules for sector organization; 3. Production; 4. Exploitation of the transport grid; 5. Exploitation of the distribution grid; 6. Accounting dissociation and transparency; 7. Organization of the grid access; 8. Final dispositions. The appendix number 2 gives the law no. 46 - 628 of 8 April, modified, on the nationalization of the electricity and gas. The third appendix reproduces Decree no. 55 - 662 of 20 May 1955 concerning relationships between the establishments aimed by the articles 2 and 23 of the law of 8 April 1946 and the autonomous producers of electric energy. The appendix number 4 contains the notification of State Council of 7 July 1994 regarding the diversification of EDF and GDF activities. The fifth appendix is a chronological list of the European negotiations concerning the opening of the electricity market (1987 -1997). Finally, a list of following abbreviations is given: ART, ATR, CNES, CRE, CTE, DNN, FACE, FPE, GRT, IEG, INB, PPI, RAG and SICAE.

  10. 7 CFR 1951.852 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    2010-01-01

    ... the intermediary for the benefit of the ultimate recipient. (10) Working capital. The excess of current assets over current liabilities. It identifies the liquid portion of total enterprise capital which constitutes a margin or buffer for meeting obligations within the ordinary operating cycle of...

  11. An abbreviated history of the National Wlk Refuge

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report is a timeline of history and the management of the National Elk Refuge from 1909 to 1984. It includes a short summary and charts relating to elk...

  12. 40 CFR 86.1804-01 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... ALVW—Adjusted Loaded Vehicle Weight. API—American Petroleum Institute. ASTM—American Society for...—Certification Short Test. cu. in.—Cubic inch(es). CVS—Constant volume sampler. DDV—Durability Data Vehicle. deg.—Degree(s). DNPH—2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine. EDV—Emission Data Vehicle. EP—End point. ETW—Equivalent...

  13. 7 CFR 761.2 - Abbreviations and definitions.

    2010-01-01

    ... cash flow budget may be completed either for a 12-month period, a typical production cycle, or the life..., or consume chattel security and the planned use of any proceeds during a specific production cycle... and management ability who is generally charged a higher interest rate by conventional...

  14. 7 CFR 4279.2 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    2010-01-01

    ... concept of a failure to act, but also not acting in a timely manner, or acting in a manner contrary to the... median household income at or below the poverty line for a family of four; has a median household income... or more have income at or below the poverty line. Promissory Note. Evidence of debt. “Note”...

  15. 7 CFR 1980.302 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    2010-01-01

    ... who (and whose spouse) has had no present ownership in a principal residence during the 3 year period... established and the trust is not revocable by, or under the control of, any member of the household, so long... excess of the consideration received therefore. In the case of a disposition as part of a separation...

  16. An abbreviated history of the ear: from Renaissance to present.

    Hachmeister, Jorge E.

    2003-01-01

    In this article we discuss important discoveries in relation to the anatomy and physiology of the ear from Renaissance to present. Before the Renaissance, there was a paucity of knowledge of the anatomy of the ear, because of the relative inaccessibility of the temporal bone and the general perception that human dissections should not be conducted. It was not until the sixteenth century that the middle ear was described with detail. Further progress would be made between the sixteenth and eig...

  17. 40 CFR 1033.905 - Symbols, acronyms, and abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM LOCOMOTIVES Definitions and Other Reference Information § 1033... diesel. MWmegawatt. N2Onitrous oxide. NISTNational Institute of Standards and Technology. NMHCnonmethane hydrocarbons. NOXoxides of nitrogen. PMparticulate matter. rpmrevolutions per minute. SAESociety of...

  18. 40 CFR 1042.905 - Symbols, acronyms, and abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE MARINE COMPRESSION-IGNITION ENGINES AND VESSELS... Organization. kPakilopascals. kWkilowatts. Lliters. LTRLimited Testing Region. N2Onitrous oxide. NARANational Archives and Records Administration. NMHCnonmethane hydrocarbons. NOXoxides of nitrogen (NO and...

  19. 7 CFR 772.2 - Abbreviations and Definitions.

    2010-01-01

    ... Associations and Irrigation and Drainage Associations. Entity: Cooperative, corporation, partnership, joint operation, trust, or limited liability company. Graduation: The requirement contained in loan documents that... Recreation loans to individuals. Member: Any individual who has an ownership interest in the entity which...

  20. 49 CFR 171.8 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    2010-10-01

    ... support of exploration or production of offshore mineral or energy resources. Operator means a person who... device allowing the contents to be ejected by the gas. Aggregate lithium content means the sum of the grams of lithium content or equivalent lithium content contained by the cells comprising a...

  1. 32 CFR Appendix B to Part 806 - Abbreviations and Acronyms

    2010-07-01

    ...—American Standard Code for Information Interchange CFR—Code of Federal Regulations DFAS—Defense Finance and... Responsibility OMB—Office of Management and Budget OPR—Office of Primary Responsibility PA—Privacy Act PAO—Public... SSN—Social Security Number USAF—United States Air Force U.S.C.—United States Code WWW—World Wide Web...

  2. 40 CFR 90.5 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 90.5 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... monoxide CO2—Carbon dioxide EPA—Environmental Protection Agency FTP—Federal Test Procedure g/kW-hr—grams... Enforcement Auditing SI—spark-ignition U.S.C.—United States Code VOC—Volatile organic compounds...

  3. 40 CFR 91.4 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 91.4 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... dioxide EPA—Environmental Protection Agency FEL—Family Emission Limit g/kw-hr—grams per kilowatt hour HC... minute SAE—Society of Automotive Engineers SEA—Selective Enforcement Auditing SI—Spark-ignition...

  4. 40 CFR 89.3 - Acronyms and abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 89.3 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... dioxide EGR Exhaust gas recirculation EPA Environmental Protection Agency FEL Family emission limit FTP... Selective Enforcement Auditing SI Spark-ignition THC Total hydrocarbon U.S.C. United States Code...

  5. 38 CFR 21.8010 - Definitions and abbreviations.

    2010-07-01

    ... birth defect means the same as defined at § 3.815(c)(3) of this title. Eligible child means, as... an individual as defined at § 3.815(c)(2) of this title who has a covered birth defect other than a birth defect described in § 3.815(a)(2). Employment assistance means employment counseling,...

  6. 40 CFR 60.4103 - Measurements, abbreviations, and acronyms.

    2010-07-01

    ... Times for Coal-Fired Electric Steam Generating Units Hg Budget Trading Program General Provisions § 60... part are defined as follows: Btu—British thermal unit. CO2—carbon dioxide. H2O—water. Hg—mercury....

  7. 48 CFR 302.7000 - Common HHSAR acronyms and abbreviations.

    2010-10-01

    ...-3(b)(3). CDC Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 301.270(b). CFR Code of Federal Regulations... listed in the table. An example is DCIS (Departmental Contracts Information System) cited in subpart...

  8. 14 CFR 1.2 - Abbreviations and symbols.

    2010-01-01

    ... affecting § 1.2, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the... above ground level. ALS means approach light system. APU means auxiliary power unit. ASR means...

  9. Safety of oral glutamine in the abbreviation of preoperative fasting: a double-blind, controlled, randomized clinical trial Seguridad de la glutamina oral en la abreviación del ayuno preoperatorio: un ensayo clínico doble ciego, controlado, aleatorizado

    D. Borges Dock-Nascimento

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: No study so far has tested a beverage containing glutamine 2 h before anesthesia in patients undergoing surgery. Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate: 1 the safety of the abbreviation of preoperative fasting to 2 h with a carbohydrate-L-glutamine-rich drink; and 2 the residual gastric volume (RGV measured after the induction of anesthesia for laparoscopic cholecystectomies. Methods: Randomized controlled trial with 56 women (42 (17-65 years-old submitted to elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients were randomized to receive either conventional preoperative fasting of 8 hours (fasted group, n = 12 or one of three different beverages drunk in the evening before surgery (400 mL and 2 hours before the initiation of anesthesia (200 mL. The beverages were water (placebo group, n = 12, 12.5% (240 mOsm/L maltodextrine (carbohydrate group, n = 12 or the latter in addition to 50 g (40 g in the evening drink and 10g in the morning drink of L-glutamine (glutamine group, n = 14. A 20 F nasogastric tube was inserted immediately after the induction of general anesthesia to aspirate and measure the RGV. Results: Fifty patients completed the study. None of the patients had either regurgitation during the induction of anesthesia or postoperative complications. The median (range of RGV was 6 (0-80 mL. The RGV was similar (p = 0.29 between glutamine group (4.5 [0-15] mL, carbohydrate group (7.0 [0-80] mL, placebo group (8.5 [0-50] mL, and fasted group (5.0 [0-50] mL. Conclusion: The abbreviation of preoperative fasting to 2 h with carbohydrate and L-glutamine is safe and does not increase the RGV during induction of anesthesia.Introducción: Ningún estudio hasta el momento ha investigado una bebida que contiene glutamina 2 h antes de la anestesia en pacientes sometidos a cirugía. Objetivos: El objetivo del estudio fue investigar: 1 la seguridad de la abreviación del ayuno preoperatorio para 2 h con una bebida conteniendo

  10. Análise da eficácia do metilfenidato usando a versão abreviada do questionário de conners em transtorno de déficit de atenção/hiperatividade Analysis of the methylphenidate's efficacy using the abbreviated version Conners' questionnaire in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

    Ênio Roberto de Andrade

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available O transtorno de déficit de atenção/hiperatividade (TDAH é quadro diagnóstico bastante complexo, de início precoce, com evolução crônica que repercute em diversos contextos. Três a 5% das crianças em idade escolar apresentam esse transtorno. O questionário de Conners vem sendo utilizado como instrumento de levantamento epidemiológico para o TDAH. OBJETIVO: Este estudo visa a utilização deste instrumento para a análise da eficácia do tratamento com metilfenidato em crianças com TDAH. MÉTODO: Foram selecionadas 21 crianças do gênero masculino, com TDAH do tipo combinado, idade cronológica entre sete anos completos a 10 anos e 11 meses e todos foram tratados com metilfenidato. A versão abreviada do questionário de Conners para pais e professores foi aplicada em dois momentos: um antes da medicação e outro entre seis a oito meses após o seu início. RESULTADOS: Obteve-se redução na pontuação no questionário de Conners em todas as crianças com TDAH concomitante à melhora clínica. CONCLUSÃO: Observou-se que o questionário de Conners mostrou-se útil não só como auxílio diagnóstico, mas também como um instrumento de avaliação da eficácia do tratamento do TDAH.The attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD is a complex diagnosis. Its installation is precocious, with chronic evolution that impacts on the subject's performance in several contexts. Three to 5% of the school aged children present this disorder. The Conners' questionnaire has been used as an instrument of epidemiological survey for ADHD children. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate if this instrument could be an useful tool for the analysis of the methylphenidate's treatment efficacy in ADHD's children. METHOD: Twenty-one male children were selected, with ADHD combined type, chronological ages ranging from seven to 10 years and 11 months and all were treated with methylphenidate. The Conners' questionnaire abbreviated version for parents

  11. Comparison of GFR calculation methods:99m Tc-DTPA renal dynamic imaging, abbreviated MDRD and CKD-EPI equations in patients with chronic kidney disease%99mTc-DTPA肾动态显像、简化MDRD方程及CKD-EPI方程评价慢性肾脏病患者肾功能的比较

    曾凤伟; 李建芳; 谢良骏; 张峰; 彭小林; 吴春兴; 程木华

    2014-01-01

    Objective To compare the applications of renal dynamic imaging with 99m Tc-DTPA ( Gates′met-hod), abbreviated MDRD (aMDRD) equation and CKD-EPI equation in renal function assessment in the patients with chronic kidney disease ( CKD) .Methods A total of 159 adult patients with CKD were included .The glomerular filtra-tion rate (GFR) obtained by Gates′method, aMDRD equation and CKD-EPI equation against 99mTc-DTPA dual plasma clearance ( rGFR) with Pearson correlational analyses and Bland -Altman method were performed .Results A statistical-ly significant correlation was found between rGFR and Gates′method (r=0.900, P0.05).Conclusion All three methods underestimate the rGFR, the new CDK-EPI equa-tion performs no better than aMDRD equation .Both equations can′t provide as much accuracy as Gates′method.%目的:比较99m Tc-DTPA肾动态显像( Gates′法)、简化MDRD方程及CKD-EPI方程评价慢性肾脏病( CKD)患者肾小球滤过率( GFR)的价值。方法选择CKD成人患者159例,以双血浆法测定的GFR( rGFR)作为参照,应用Pearson相关分析及Bland-Altman分析比较Gates′法、简化MDRD方程及CKD-EPI方程估算的GFR(eGFR)的相关性、一致性及准确性。结果 Gates′法估测的eGFR与rGFR呈正相关(r=0.900,P<0.001),高于简化MDRD方程(r=0.816,P<0.001)及CKD-EPI方程(r=0.825,P<0.001)。3种方法都低估了rGFR值,但是Gates′法的偏差最小[-3.4 mL/(min·1.73 m2)]、精确度最高[11.8 mL/(min·1.73 m2)]、±30%的准确性最高(71.7%)。除了CKD1~2期,Gates′法±30%的准确性均高于简化MDRD方程及CKD-EPI方程( P<0.05)。简化MDRD方程与CKD-EPI方程准确性比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论3种方法均低估了rGFR。 CKD-EPI方程并不优于简化MDRD方程。 Gates′法的准确性高于其他两种方程。

  12. A abreviação do jejum pré-operatório para duas horas com carboidratos aumenta o risco anestésico? ¿La Reducción del ayuno preoperatorio en dos horas con carbohidratos aumenta el riesgo anestésico? Does abbreviation of preoperative fasting to two hours with carbohydrates increase the anesthetic risk?

    Kátia Gomes Bezerra de Oliveira

    2009-10-01

    procedimiento quirúrgico. La recolección de datos fue prospectiva sin que los profesionales del servicio lo supieran. Se observó el tiempo de ayuno preoperatorio y las complicaciones anestésicas relacionadas con el corto tiempo de ayuno (broncoaspiración. RESULTADOS: Se evaluaron 375 pacientes, siendo de ellos 174 hombres (un 46,4% y 201 mujeres (un 53,6%, entre 18 y 90 años de edad. El tiempo promedio de ayuno preoperatorio fue de cuatro horas, variando de 2 a 20 horas. No se registró ningún caso de broncoaspiración durante los procedimientos. El tiempo de ayuno fue mayor (p BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the incidence of possible anesthetic complications related with the abbreviation of preoperative fasting to two hours with a solution of 12.5% dextrinomaltose within the ACERTO (from the Portuguese for Acceleration of Total Postoperative Recovery project. METHODS: All patients undergoing different types of digestive tract and abdominal wall surgeries within a new protocol of perioperative conducts, established by the ACERTO project, between August 2005 and December 2007 were evaluated. All patients received oral nutritional supplementation (12.5% dextrinomaltose six and two hours before the procedure. Data were collected prospectively without the knowledge of the professionals in the department. The length of preoperative fasting and anesthetic complications related with the short fasting time (pulmonary aspiration were recorded. RESULTS: Three hundred and seventy five patients, 174 male (46.4% and 201 female (53.6%, ages 18 to 90 years, were evaluated. The mean preoperative fasting time was four hours, ranging from two to 20 hours. Pulmonary aspiration was not observed during the procedures. The length of fasting was longer (p < 0.01 when combined anesthesia (blockade + general was used. CONCLUSIONS: Adopting the multidisciplinary preoperative measures of the ACERTO project was not associated with any preoperative

  13. Novel Aryltitanium(IV) complexes containing h3-NCN-pseudofacial- and h3-NCN-meridional-bonded [C6H3(CH2NMe2)2-2,6]- (abbreviated as NCN) ligands. The crystal structures of [TiCl2(h3-fac-NCN)(O-i-Pr)], [TiCl(h3-mer-NCN)(O-i-Pr)(OTf)] containing an h1-O-bonded triflate anion and the seven-coordinated [Ti(h3-mer-NCN)(O-i-Pr)(OTf)2] containing h1-O- and h3-O,O'-bonded triflate anions

    van Koten, G; Donkervoort, J.G.; Jastrzebski, J.T.B.H.; Deelman, B.J.; Kooijman, H.; Veldman, N.; Spek, A.L.

    1997-01-01

    Titanium(IV) derivatives of the chelating monoanionic aryldiamine ligand [C6H3(CH2NMe2)2-2,6]- (abbreviated as NCN) are prepared by treating [TiCl3(OR)] (R = i-Pr, C6H4OMe-4) with [Li(NCN)]2. [TiCl2(NCN)(O-i-Pr)] is smoothly methylated by methyllithium in toluene to give [TiClMe(NCN)(O-i-Pr)] and [TiMe2(NCN)(O-i-Pr)]. Enhancement of the Lewis acidity of the titanium center has been studied by substituting chloro ligands for triflato ligands to give [TiCl(NCN)(O-i-Pr)(OTf)] and [Ti(NCN)(O-i-Pr...

  14. Salton Sea 10 x 20 NTMS area California and Arizona: data report (abbreviated)

    Surface sediment samples were collected at 997 sites. Ground water samples were collected at 76 sites. Neutron activation analysis results are given for uranium and 16 other elements in sediments, and for uranium and 9 other elements in ground water. Mass spectrometry results are given for helium in ground water. Data from ground water sites include (1) water chemistry measurements (pH, conductivity, and alkalinity) (2) physical measurements (water temperature, well description where applicable, and scintillometer reading) and (3) elemental analyses (U, Al, Br, Cl, Dy, F, He, Mg, Mn, Na and V). Data from sediment sites include (1) stream water chemistry measurements from sites where water was available and (2) elemental analyses (U, Th, Hf, Al, Ce, Dy, Eu, Fe, La, Lu, Mn, Sc, Sm, Na, Ti, V, and Yb). Sample site descriptors are given. Areal distribution maps, histograms, and cumulative frequency plots for the elements listed above; U/Th and U/Hf ratios; and scintillometer readings at sediment sample sites are included. Analyses of the sediment fraction finer than 149μm show high uranium values clustered in the Eagle and Chuckwalla Mountains. High uranium values in the 420 μm to 1000 μm fraction are clustered in the McCoy Mountains. Both fractions show groups of high values in the Chocolate Mountains at the Southeastern edge of the Chocolate Mountains Aerial Gunnery Range. Aerial distribution of analytical values shows that high values of many elements in both size fractions are grouped around the Eagle Mountains and the Chuckwalla Mountains. Fe, Mn, Ti, V, Sc, Hf, and the rare earth elements, all of which typically occur in high-density minerals, have higher average (log mean) concentrations in the finer fraction than in the coarser fraction

  15. 21 CFR 314.105 - Approval of an application and an abbreviated application.

    2010-04-01

    ... labeling prior to marketing. (c) FDA will approve an application after it determines that the drug meets... not be introduced or delivered for introduction into interstate commerce until approval of...

  16. How can sentinel navigation surgery abbreviate mediastinal lymph node dissection for lung cancer?

    Sentinel nodes (SNs) were examined for 101 patients who had peripheral type non-small cell lung cancer less than 5 cm and had undergone systemic mediastinal lymph node dissection. The surgical procedure was lobectomy in 91, pneumonectomy in 3, and segmentectomy with lymph node dissection in 7. In the CT room, the site for RI injection was marked on the skin, and the angle and depth of the needle required to reach the peritumoral region was determined. The RI was then injected in the RI room. The radioactivity in the lymph nodes was counted before dissection (in vivo counting), and after dissection that (ex vivo counting). SNs were defined as any node for which the count was ≥10 times than the background count. SN identification was finally based on ex vivo data. Of the 101 patients, SNs could be identified in 80 patients (80%). Patients whose SNs could not be identified had a significantly lower forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC) than those with identifiable SNs (p=0.025). Twenty six patients (33%) had SN in the mediastinum, the distribution of which depended on the lobe, ie the No.4 lymph node station in the right upper lobe, the No.4 in the right middle lobe, the No.4 and 7 in the right lower lobe, the No.5 in the left upper lobe, and the No.7 in the left lower lobe. One false negative SN was detected in 25 patients with N 1 or N 2 disease (4%). In vivo and ex vivo counting showed 73% concurrence for the identification of SNs in mediastinal lymph node stations, of which rate was significantly higher than 40% in hilar lymph node stations (p1/FVC, such as those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The in vivo identification of mediastinal SNs was reliable as much as the ex vivo. Therefore, the in vivo identification of SNs in the mediastinum could be useful approach to guide mediastinal lymph node sampling or dissection. (author)

  17. 14 CFR Appendix F to Part 60 - Definitions and Abbreviations for Flight Simulation Training Devices

    2010-01-01

    .... Medium—the normal operational weight for a given flight segment. National Simulator Program Manager (NSPM... Program (NSP), or a person approved by that FAA manager. Near Limiting Performance—the performance level... minute, expressed in percent of maximum. NSPMNational Simulator Program Manager. NWANosewheel...

  18. Abbreviated half-lives and impaired fuel utilization in carnitine palmitoyltransferase II variant fibroblasts.

    Yao, Min; Cai, Min; Yao, Dengfu; Xu, Xi; Yang, Rongrong; Li, Yuting; Zhang, Yuanyuan; Kido, Hiroshi; Yao, Dengbing

    2015-01-01

    Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT II) deficiency is one of the most common causes of fatty acid oxidation metabolism disorders. However, the molecular mechanism between CPT2 gene polymorphisms and metabolic stress has not been fully clarified. We previously reported that a number of patients show a thermal instable phenotype of compound hetero/homozygous variants of CPT II. To understand the mechanism of the metabolic disorder resulting from CPT II deficiency, the present study investigated CPT II variants in patient fibroblasts, [c.1102 G>A (p.V368I)] (heterozygous), [c.1102 G>A (p.V368I)] (homozygous), and [c.1055 T>G (p.F352C)] (heterozygous) + [c.1102 G>A (p.V368I)] (homozygous) compared with fibroblasts from healthy controls. CPT II variants exerted an effect of dominant negative on the homotetrameric proteins that showed thermal instability, reduced residual enzyme activities and a short half-life. Moreover, CPT II variant fibroblasts showed a significant decrease in fatty acid β-oxidation and adenosine triphosphate generation, combined with a reduced mitochondrial membrane potential, resulting in cellular apoptosis. Collectively, our data indicate that the CPT II deficiency induces an energy crisis of the fatty acid metabolic pathway. These findings may contribute to the elucidation of the genetic factors involved in metabolic disorder encephalopathy caused by the CPT II deficiency. PMID:25781464

  19. Abbreviated Half-Lives and Impaired Fuel Utilization in Carnitine Palmitoyltransferase II Variant Fibroblasts

    Yao, Min; Min CAI; Yao, Dengfu; Xu, Xi; Yang, Rongrong; Li, Yuting; Zhang, Yuanyuan; Kido, Hiroshi; Yao, Dengbing

    2015-01-01

    Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II (CPT II) deficiency is one of the most common causes of fatty acid oxidation metabolism disorders. However, the molecular mechanism between CPT2 gene polymorphisms and metabolic stress has not been fully clarified. We previously reported that a number of patients show a thermal instable phenotype of compound hetero/homozygous variants of CPT II. To understand the mechanism of the metabolic disorder resulting from CPT II deficiency, the present study investiga...

  20. Abbreviated report of the NIH/NINDS workshop on sudden unexpected death in epilepsy

    Hirsch, L J; Donner, E.J.; So, E. L.; M. Jacobs; Nashef, L.; Noebels, J.L.; Buchhalter, J.R.

    2011-01-01

    Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) is a devastating complication of epilepsy and is not rare. The NIH and National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke sponsored a 3-day multidisciplinary workshop to advance research into SUDEP and its prevention. Parallel sessions were held: one with a focus on the science of SUDEP, and the other with a focus on issues related to the education of health care practitioners and people with epilepsy. This report summarizes the discussions and...

  1. 21 CFR 314.440 - Addresses for applications and abbreviated applications.

    2010-04-01

    ... covered by this part for the drug products listed below to the Document Control Center (HFM-99), Center... Biologics Evaluation and Research (HFM-1), at the same address. (1) Ingredients packaged together...

  2. 76 FR 65735 - Draft Guidance for Industry: Implementation of Acceptable Abbreviated Donor History Questionnaire...

    2011-10-24

    ... Communication, Outreach and Development (HFM- 40), Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER), Food and... INFORMATION CONTACT: Tami Belouin, Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (HFM-17), Food and...

  3. How to Mine Information from Each Instance to Extract an Abbreviated and Credible Logical Rule

    Limin Wang

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Decision trees are particularly promising in symbolic representation and reasoning due to their comprehensible nature, which resembles the hierarchical process of human decision making. However, their drawbacks, caused by the single-tree structure,cannot be ignored. A rigid decision path may cause the majority class to overwhelm otherclass when dealing with imbalanced data sets, and pruning removes not only superfluousnodes, but also subtrees. The proposed learning algorithm, flexible hybrid decision forest(FHDF, mines information implicated in each instance to form logical rules on the basis of a chain rule of local mutual information, then forms different decision tree structures and decision forests later. The most credible decision path from the decision forest can be selected to make a prediction. Furthermore, functional dependencies (FDs, which are extracted from the whole data set based on association rule analysis, perform embedded attribute selection to remove nodes rather than subtrees, thus helping to achieve different levels of knowledge representation and improve model comprehension in the framework of semi-supervised learning. Naive Bayes replaces the leaf nodes at the bottom of the tree hierarchy, where the conditional independence assumption may hold. This technique reduces the potential for overfitting and overtraining and improves the prediction quality and generalization. Experimental results on UCI data sets demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed approach.

  4. 40 CFR 1045.805 - What symbols, acronyms, and abbreviations does this part use?

    2010-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM SPARK-IGNITION PROPULSION MARINE... Limit. ggram. HChydrocarbon. hrhour. kPa kilopascals. kW kilowatt. mmeter. N2Onitrous oxide. NARANational Archives and Records Administration. NMHCnonmethane hydrocarbons. NOXoxides of nitrogen (NO...

  5. 40 CFR 1054.805 - What symbols, acronyms, and abbreviations does this part use?

    2010-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW, SMALL NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION.... HChydrocarbon. hrhour. kPakilopascals. kWkilowatts. N2Onitrous oxide. NMHCnonmethane hydrocarbons. NOXoxides of nitrogen (NO and NO2). psigpounds per square inch of gauge pressure. RPMrevolutions per minute....

  6. 40 CFR 1048.805 - What symbols, acronyms, and abbreviations does this part use?

    2010-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW, LARGE NONROAD SPARK-IGNITION... Hgmillimeters of mercury. N2Onitrous oxide. NARANational Archives and Records Administration. NMHCnonmethane hydrocarbons. NOXoxides of nitrogen (NO and NO2). psipounds per square inch of absolute pressure....

  7. 40 CFR 1039.805 - What symbols, acronyms, and abbreviations does this part use?

    2010-07-01

    ... AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS CONTROL OF EMISSIONS FROM NEW AND IN-USE NONROAD COMPRESSION... oxide. NISTNational Institute of Standards and Technology. NMHCnonmethane hydrocarbons. NOXoxides of nitrogen (NO and NO2). NTEnot-to-exceed PMparticulate matter. rpmrevolutions per minute. SAESociety...

  8. Inventory of Learning and Study Strategies: Psychometric Analysis of an Abbreviated Version

    Fernández Liporace, Mercedes

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Psychometric analyses on the short version of the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (Fernández Liporace, Scheinsohn & Uriel, 2010; Uriel, Stover, Scheinsohn, Contini de González & Fernández Liporace, 2009; Weinstein, Schulte & Palmer, 1987, developed on High School and College students from Buenos Aires, are presented. Its dimensionality was examined by confirmatory factor analysis, obtaining adequate fit indices. Analyses were replicated in sub-samples splitted by educational level and gender, adding a Bootstrap procedure with 500 randomized sub-samples, finding similar results. Factors´ consistency was calculated by α Cronbach and α ordinal, getting acceptable values. The correct psychometric behavior of this short version makes it available to be used in research and professional contexts, in order to follow students across their academic life, from High School to College.

  9. 77 FR 35691 - Notice of Withdrawal of Certain Unapproved Abbreviated New Drug Applications

    2012-06-14

    ... Tetracycline hydrochloride. 60913 Dicloxacillin sodium. 60919 Neomycin sulfate; bacitracin. 60965 Neomycin sulfate; polymyxin b sulfates; bacitracin. 61046 Penicillin g sodium. 61091 Phenethicillin potassium... sulfate. 61631 Dihydrostreptomycin sulfate. 61749 Dicloxacillin sodium. 61750 Ampicillin trihydrate....

  10. Psychometric Properties of an Abbreviated Instrument of the Five-Factor Model

    Mullins-Sweatt, Stephanie N.; Jamerson, Janetta E.; Samuel, Douglas B.; Olson, David R.; Widiger, Thomas A.

    2006-01-01

    Brief measures of the five-factor model (FFM) have been developed but none include an assessment of facets within each domain. The purpose of this study was to examine the validity of a simple, one-page, facet-level description of the FFM. Five data collections were completed to assess the reliability and the convergent and discriminant validity…

  11. Abbreviated sampling and analysis plan for planning decontamination and decommissioning at Test Reactor Area (TRA) facilities

    The objective is to sample and analyze for the presence of gamma emitting isotopes and hazardous constituents within certain areas of the Test Reactor Area (TRA), prior to D and D activities. The TRA is composed of three major reactor facilities and three smaller reactors built in support of programs studying the performance of reactor materials and components under high neutron flux conditions. The Materials Testing Reactor (MTR) and Engineering Test Reactor (ETR) facilities are currently pending D/D. Work consists of pre-D and D sampling of designated TRA (primarily ETR) process areas. This report addresses only a limited subset of the samples which will eventually be required to characterize MTR and ETR and plan their D and D. Sampling which is addressed in this document is intended to support planned D and D work which is funded at the present time. Biased samples, based on process knowledge and plant configuration, are to be performed. The multiple process areas which may be potentially sampled will be initially characterized by obtaining data for upstream source areas which, based on facility configuration, would affect downstream and as yet unsampled, process areas. Sampling and analysis will be conducted to determine the level of gamma emitting isotopes and hazardous constituents present in designated areas within buildings TRA-612, 642, 643, 644, 645, 647, 648, 663; and in the soils surrounding Facility TRA-611. These data will be used to plan the D and D and help determine disposition of material by D and D personnel. Both MTR and ETR facilities will eventually be decommissioned by total dismantlement so that the area can be restored to its original condition

  12. An evaluation of expert human and automated Abbreviated Injury Scale and ICD-9-CM injury coding.

    Long, W B; Sacco, W J; Copes, W S; Lawnick, M M; Proctor, S M; Sacco, J B

    1994-04-01

    Two hundred ninety-five injury descriptions from 135 consecutive patients treated at a level-I trauma center were coded by three human coders (H1, H2, H3) and by TRI-CODE (T), a PC-based artificial intelligence software program. Two study coders are nationally recognized experts who teach AIS coding for its developers (the Association for the Advancement of Automotive Medicine); the third has 5 years experience in ICD and AIS coding. A "correct coding" (CC) was established for the study injury descriptions. Coding results were obtained for each coder relative to the CC. The correct ICD codes were selected in 96% of cases for H2, 92% for H1, 91% for T, and 86% for H3. The three human coders agreed on 222 (75%) injuries. The correct 7 digit AIS codes (six identifying digits and the severity digit) were selected in 93% of cases for H2, 87% for T, 77% for H3, and 73% for H1. The correct AIS severity codes (seventh digit only) were selected in 98.3% of cases for H2, 96.3% for T, 93.9% for H3, and 90.8% for H1. On the basis of the weighted kappa statistic TRI-CODE had excellent agreement with the correct coding (CC) of AIS severities. Each human coder had excellent agreement with CC and with TRI-CODE. Coders H1 and H2 were in excellent agreement. Coder H3 was in good agreement with H1 and H2. However, errors among the human coders often occur for different codes, accentuating the variability.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:8158710

  13. Cognitive Load Theory and the Role of Learner Experience: An Abbreviated Review for Educational Practitioners

    Artino, Anthony R., Jr.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this review is to provide educational practitioners with a brief overview of cognitive load theory (CLT) and its major implications for learning. To achieve this objective, the article includes a short description of human cognitive architecture as conceived by cognitive load theorists. Following this overview, the article provides…

  14. Language in Benign Childhood Epilepsy with Centro-Temporal Spikes Abbreviated Form: Rolandic Epilepsy and Language

    Monjauze, C.; Tuller, L.; Hommet, C.; Barthez, M.A.; Khomsi, A.

    2005-01-01

    Although Benign Childhood Epilepsy with Centrotemporal Spikes (BECTS) has a good prognosis, a few studies have suggested the existence of language disorders relating to the interictal dysfunction of perisylvian language areas. In this study, we focused on language assessment in 16 children aged 6-15 currently affected by BECTS or in remission. An…

  15. 76 FR 62089 - General Management Plan/Abbreviated Final Environmental Impact Statement, New River Gorge...

    2011-10-06

    ... providing a north-south through-park hike-and-bike trail, enhancing existing scenic roads, and building new... cultural and interpretive resource focal areas, establish a north-south through- park connector of scenic roads and trails, develop partnerships with gateway communities, and improve rim to river...

  16. 40 CFR 1065.1005 - Symbols, abbreviations, acronyms, and units of measure.

    2010-07-01

    ... the following prefixes to define a quantity: Symbol Quantity Value µ micro 10− 6 m milli 10− 3 c centi... measured quantity. out quantity out. part partial quantity. PDP positive-displacement pump. ref reference.... NISTNational Institute for Standards and Technology. PDPpositive-displacement pump. PEMSportable...

  17. Abbreviated sampling and analysis plan for planning decontamination and decommissioning at Test Reactor Area (TRA) facilities

    NONE

    1994-10-01

    The objective is to sample and analyze for the presence of gamma emitting isotopes and hazardous constituents within certain areas of the Test Reactor Area (TRA), prior to D and D activities. The TRA is composed of three major reactor facilities and three smaller reactors built in support of programs studying the performance of reactor materials and components under high neutron flux conditions. The Materials Testing Reactor (MTR) and Engineering Test Reactor (ETR) facilities are currently pending D/D. Work consists of pre-D and D sampling of designated TRA (primarily ETR) process areas. This report addresses only a limited subset of the samples which will eventually be required to characterize MTR and ETR and plan their D and D. Sampling which is addressed in this document is intended to support planned D and D work which is funded at the present time. Biased samples, based on process knowledge and plant configuration, are to be performed. The multiple process areas which may be potentially sampled will be initially characterized by obtaining data for upstream source areas which, based on facility configuration, would affect downstream and as yet unsampled, process areas. Sampling and analysis will be conducted to determine the level of gamma emitting isotopes and hazardous constituents present in designated areas within buildings TRA-612, 642, 643, 644, 645, 647, 648, 663; and in the soils surrounding Facility TRA-611. These data will be used to plan the D and D and help determine disposition of material by D and D personnel. Both MTR and ETR facilities will eventually be decommissioned by total dismantlement so that the area can be restored to its original condition.

  18. 77 FR 12877 - Record of Decision for the General Management Plan/Abbreviated Final Environmental Impact...

    2012-03-02

    ... unfragmented backcountry forest. Addresses the long-term preservation needs of the park's cultural resources... Service. BILLING CODE 4310-YP-P ... Impact Statement for New River Gorge National River, West Virginia AGENCY: National Park...

  19. BUSINESS ENGLISH OUTSIDE THE BOX. BUSINESS JARGON AND ABBREVIATIONS IN BUSINESS COMMUNICATION

    Pop Anamaria-Mirabela; Sim Monica-Ariana

    2014-01-01

    Business English is commonly understood language, yet Harvard Business Review called business jargon “The Silent Killer of Big Companies”. As we all have been taught in school, we are aware of the fact that in communication we must comply with linguistic rules so that our message gets across succinctly. Yet, there is one place where all these rules can be omitted (at least in the recent decades): the corporate office. Here, one can use euphemisms and clichés, can capitalize any word that is c...

  20. 78 FR 46977 - Generic Drug User Fee-Abbreviated New Drug Application, Prior Approval Supplement, Drug Master...

    2013-08-02

    ... the Generic Drug User Fee Program for fiscal year (FY) 2014. The Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act... 4 months based on the current trend. In contrast to previous non-fee paying FYs, the first year of... significant decrease in PAS submissions. Due to the trend of FY 2013 submissions, FDA utilized available...

  1. Abbreviated incubation times for human prions in mice expressing a chimeric mouse–human prion protein transgene

    Korth, Carsten; Kaneko, Kiyotoshi; Groth, Darlene; Heye, Norbert; Telling, Glenn; Mastrianni, James; Parchi, Piero; Gambetti, Pierluigi; Will, Robert; Ironside, James; Heinrich, Cornelia; Tremblay, Patrick; Stephen J DeArmond; Prusiner, Stanley B.

    2003-01-01

    Transgenic (Tg) mouse lines that express chimeric mouse–human prion protein (PrP), designated MHu2M, are susceptible to prions from patients with sporadic Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease (sCJD). With the aim of decreasing the incubation time to fewer than 200 days, we constructed transgenes in which one or more of the nine human residues in MHu2M were changed to mouse. The construct with murine residues at positions 165 and 167 was expressed in Tg(MHu2M,M165V,E167Q) mice and resulted in shortening ...

  2. 77 FR 65198 - Generic Drug User Fee-Abbreviated New Drug Application, Prior Approval Supplement, and Drug...

    2012-10-25

    ... ingredient (API) facilities, and on type II active pharmaceutical ingredient DMFs to be made available for... 576 based on an annualized estimate of the number of receipts for FY 2012. In estimating the number...

  3. Baux’s and Abbreviated Burn Severity Score for the Prediction of Mortality in Patients with Acute Burn Injury

    Peeyush Dahal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available jdjdBackground & Objectives: Prediction of outcome for patients with major thermal injury is important to inform clinical decision making, alleviate individual suffering and improve hospital resource allocation. Early prediction of outcome (i.e., survival or mortality may help triage effectively, and to implement medical and surgical interventions efficiently as soon as possible. Burn mortality has decreased markedly with the improvement in burn management in the past 100 years, and multiple burn mortality prediction models have been developed over these times in response to that decline. But these services are still not enough to reduce the burn related injuries in low income country like Nepal. So we did a study to observe the effectiveness of two different but very popular models (Baux and ABSI in our context.Materials & Methods: This was a prospective observational study where 92 cases of severe burn injury was selected and the results were compared with Baux and ABSI scoring system.Results: Total admission was 140 and mortality was 33. Out of these admission 92 cases of severe burn injury was selected for the study. Most (85.8 % of were among the young group 16-40 years. It comprises 41.3 % in total. In total 63.7 % were female. Mortality with severe burn injury was 29.3%. No death had occurred below the Baux’s score 30 and there was more than 51% mortality above the score of 60. There was no mortality with ABSI scoring < 3 and mortality was high in ABSI scoring > 6.Conclusion: Baux and ABSI score systems are simple to calculate and ABSI is more accurate for prediction of acute burn injury.Journal of College of Medical Sciences-Nepal, Vol.11(4 2015: 24-27

  4. Abbreviated report of the critical analysis of the spent nuclear fuel project's activity-based cost estimate

    In 1997, the SNFP developed a baseline change request (BCR) and submitted it to DOE-RL for approval. The schedule was formally evaluated to have a 19% probability of success [Williams, 1998]. In December 1997, DOE-RL Manager John Wagoner approved the BCR contingent upon a subsequent independent review of the new baseline. The SNFP took several actions during the first quarter of 1998 to prepare for the independent review. The project developed the Estimating Requirements and Implementation Guide [DESH, 1998] and trained cost account managers (CAMS) and other personnel involved in the estimating process in activity-based cost (ABC) estimating techniques. The SNFP then applied ABC estimating techniques to develop the basis for the December Baseline (DB) and documented that basis in Basis of Estimate (BOE) books. These BOEs were provided to DOE in April 1998. DOE commissioned Professional Analysis, Inc. (PAI) to perform a critical analysis (CA) of the DB. PAI's review formally began on April 13. PAI performed the CA, provided three sets of findings to the SNFP contractor, and initiated reconciliation meetings. During the course of PAI's review, DOE directed the SNFP to develop a new baseline with a higher probability of success. The contractor transmitted the new baseline, which is referred to as the High Probability Baseline (HPB), to DOE on April 15, 1998 [Williams, 1998]. The HPB was estimated to approach a 90% confidence level on the start of fuel movement [Williams, 1998]. This high probability resulted in an increased cost and a schedule extension. To implement the new baseline, the contractor initiated 26 BCRs with supporting BOES. PAI's scope was revised on April 28 to add reviewing the HPB and the associated BCRs and BOES

  5. 78 FR 43210 - Bracco Diagnostics et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 52 New Drug Applications and 77 Abbreviated...

    2013-07-19

    ...-Aventis U.S., HCl USP and LLC. acetaminophen USP), Tablets, EQ 25 mg (base) and 650 mg. ANDA 018581 Sodium... albuterol metered-dose inhalers (see 70 FR 17168, April 4, 2005). Therefore, under section 505(e) of the... Ridge Rd., Woodcliff Lake, NJ 07677. ANDA 040272 Oxycodone and Duramed Acetaminophen...

  6. 77 FR 16039 - Abbott Laboratories et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 35 New Drug Applications and 64 Abbreviated...

    2012-03-19

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Abbott Laboratories et al.; Withdrawal of Approval of 35 New... Application No. Drug Applicant NDA 005545 Dicumarol Tablets... Abbott Laboratories, PA77/Bldg. AP30-1E, 200...)) Injection Preservative Free. NDA 010021 Placidyl Abbott Laboratories, (ethchlorvynol) 200 Abbott...

  7. Feeding-mediated distention inhibits swimming in the medicinal leech Abbreviated title: Inhibition of swimming by distention

    Gaudry, Quentin; Kristan, William B.

    2010-01-01

    An animal’s response to a stimulus depends upon many factors such as age, hormonal state, experience, and its behavioral state. For example, an animal may suppress a behavior that is inappropriate or incompatible with its current state. In this study, we show that as a medicinal leech feeds, the distention that it incurs inhibits its expression of swimming. Distention slows the swimming pattern and decreases the number of swim cycles elicited by a test electrical stimulation; large distention...

  8. Evaluating the Measurement Structure of the Abbreviated HIV Stigma Scale in a Sample of African Americans Living with HIV/AIDS

    Johnson, Eboneé T.; Yaghmaian, Rana A.; Best, Andrew; Chan, Fong; Burrell, Reginald, Jr.

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to validate the 10-item version of the HIV Stigma Scale (HSS-10) in a sample of African Americans with HIV/AIDS. Method: One hundred and ten African Americans living with HIV/AIDS were recruited from 3 case management agencies in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Measurement structure of the HSS-10 was evaluated using…

  9. Nano Revolution--Big Impact: How Emerging Nanotechnologies Will Change the Future of Education and Industry in America (and More Specifically in Oklahoma). An Abbreviated Account

    Holley, Steven E.

    2009-01-01

    Scientists are creating new and amazing materials by manipulating molecules at the ultra-small scale of 0.1 to 100 nanometers. Nanosize super particles demonstrate powerful and unprecedented electrical, chemical, and mechanical properties. This study examines how nanotechnology, as the multidisciplinary engineering of novel nanomaterials into…

  10. Abbreviated Report of the WHO Western Pacific Region Workshop on National Plans of Action for Nutrition: Key Elements for Success, Constraints and Future Plans

    2001-01-01

    A workshop on National Plans of Action for Nutrition:Constraints, Key Elements for Success, and Future Plans was convened and organized by the WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific in collaboration with the Institute for Medical Research Malaysia and co-sponsored with FAO and UNICEF from 25—29 October 1999. It was attended by representatives of 25 countries in the region and resource persons, representatives from WHO and other international agencies. The objectives of the workshop were to review the progress of countries in developing, implementing and monitoring national plans of action for nutrition (NPANs) in the Western Pacific Region and to identify constraints and key elements of success in these efforts. Most of the countries have NPANs, either approved and implemented or awaiting official endorsement. The Plan formulation is usually multisectoral, involving several government ministries, non-governmental organizations, and international agencies. Often official adoption or endorsement of the Plan comes from the head of state and cabinet or the minister of health, one to six years from the start of its formulation. The NPAN has stimulated support for the development and implementation of nutrition projects and activities, with comparatively greater involvement of and more support from government ministries, UN agencies and non-governmental agencies compared to local communities, bilateral and private sectors and research and academic institutions. Monitoring and evaluation are important components of NPANs. They are, however, not given high priority and often not built into the plan. The role of an intersectoral coordinating body is considered crucial to a country's nutrition program. Most countries have an intersectoral structure or coordinating body to ensure the proper implementation, monitoring and evaluation of their NPANs.

  11. "I Actually Contributed to Their Research": The Influence of an Abbreviated Summer Apprenticeship Program in Science and Engineering for Diverse High-School Learners

    Burgin, Stephen R.; McConnell, William J.; Flowers, Alonzo M., III

    2015-01-01

    This study describes an investigation of a research apprenticeship program that we developed for diverse high-school students often underrepresented in similar programs and in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) professions. Through the apprenticeship program, students spent 2 weeks in the summer engaged in biofuels-related research…

  12. Abbreviated report of the WHO Western Pacific Region Workshop on National Plans of Action for Nutrition: key elements for success, constraints and future plans.

    Tee, E S

    2001-06-01

    A workshop on National Plans of Action for Nutrition: Constraints, Key Elements for Success, and Future Plans was convened and organized by the WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific in collaboration with the Institute for Medical Research Malaysia and co-sponsored with FAO and UNICEF from 25-29 October 1999. It was attended by representatives of 25 countries in the region and resource persons, representatives from WHO and other international agencies. The objectives of the workshop were to review the progress of countries in developing, implementing and monitoring national plans of action for nutrition (NPANs) in the Western Pacific Region and to identify constraints and key elements of success in these efforts. Most of the countries have NPANs, either approved and implemented or awaiting official endorsement. The Plan formulation is usually multisectotal, involving several government ministries, non-governmental organizations, and international agencies. Often official adoption or endorsement of the Plan comes from the head of state and cabinet or the minister of health, one to six years from the start of its formulation. The NPAN has stimulated support for the development and implementation of nutrition projects and activities, with comparatively greater involvement of and more support from government ministries, UN agencies and non-governmental agencies compared to local communities, bilateral and private sectors and research and academic institutions. Monitoring and evaluation are important components of NPANs. They are, however, not given high priority and often not built into the plan. The role of an intersectoral coordinating body is considered crucial to a country's nutrition program. Most countries have an intersectoral structure or coordinating body to ensure the proper implementation, monitoring and evaluation of their NPANs. The workshop identified the constraints and key elements of success in each of the four stages of the NPAN process: development, operationalization, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation. Constraints to the NPAN process relate to the political and socioeconomic environment, resource scarcity, control and management processes, and factors related to sustainability. The group's review of NPAN identified successful NPANs as those based on recent, adequate and good quality information on the nutritional situation of the country, and on the selection of strategies, priorities and interventions that are relevant to the country and backed up by adequate resources. Continued high level political commitment, a multisectoral approach, and adequate participation of local communities are other key elements for success. The participants agreed on future actions and support needed from various sources for the further development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of their NPANs. The recommendations for future actions were categorized into actions pertaining to countries with working NPAN, actions for countries without working NPAN and actions relevant to all countries. There was also a set of suggested actions at the regional level, such as holding of regular regional NPAN evaluation meetings, inclusion of NPAN on the agenda of regional fora by the regional organizations, and strengthening of regional nutrition networks. PMID:11594485

  13. Abbreviated Report of the WHO Western Pacific Region Workshop on National Plans of Action for Nutrition:Key Elements for Success ,Constraints and Future plans

    E-SIONGTEE

    2001-01-01

    A workshop on National Plans of Action for Nutrition:Constraints,Key Elements for Sucess,and Futrue Plans was convened and organized by the WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific in collaboration with the Institute for Medical Research Malasysia and Co-Sponsored with FAO and UNICEF from 25-29 October 1999,It was attended by representatives of 25 coutries in the region and resource persons,representatives form WHO and other international agencies,The objectives of the workshop were to review the progress of countries in developing,implementing and monitoring national plans of action for nutrition(NPANs) in the Western Pacific Region and to identify constraints and key elements of success in these efforts.Most of the countries have NPANs,either approved and implemented or awaiting official endorsement.The Plan formulation is usually multisectoral,involving several government ministries.non-governmental organizations,and international agencies,Ofter official adoption or endorsement of the Plan comes from the head of state and cabinet or the minister of health,one to six years from the stat of its formulation,The NPAn has stiumlated support for the development and implementation of nutrition projects and activities,with comparatively greater involvement of and more support from government ministries,NU agencies and non-governmental a gencies compared to local communities,bilateral and private sectors and research and academic institutions.Monitoring and evaluation are importand components of NPANs.They are,however,not given high priority and often not bulit into the plan.The role of an intersectoral coordinating body is considered crucial to a coutry's nutrition program.Most countries have an intersectoral structure or coordinating body to ensure the proper impleentation,monitoring and evaluation of their NPANs.The workshop identified the constraints and key elements of success in each of the four stages of the NPAN process:development,operationalization,implementation,and monitoring and evaluation,Constraints to the NPAN process relate to the political and socioeconomic environmant,resource scarcity,control and management processes,and factors related to sustainability.The group's review of NPAN identified successful NPANs as those based on recent adequate and good quality information on the nutritional situation of the country,and on the selection of strategies,priorities and interventions that are relevant to the country and backed up by adequate resources,Continued high leve political commitment,a multisectoral approach,and adequate participation of local communities are other key elements for success.The participants agreed on future actions and support needed from various sources for the further development ,implementation.monitoring and evaluation of their NPANs.The recommendations for future actions were categorized into actions pertaining to countries with working NPAN,actions for countries without working NPAN and actions relevant to all countries.There was also a set of suggested actions at the regional level,such as holding of regular regional NPAN evaluation meetings inclusion of NPAN on the agenda of regional fora by the regional organizations,and strengthening of regional nutrition networks.

  14. Validation of an abbreviated Vitalpac™ Early Warning Score (ViEWS) in 75,419 consecutive admissions to a Canadian regional hospital.

    Kellett, John

    2012-03-01

    The early warning score derived from 198,755 vital sign sets in the Vitalpac™ database (ViEWS) has an area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUROC) for death of acute unselected medical patients within 24h of 88%.

  15. Accelerated/abbreviated test methods for predicting life of solar cell encapsulants to Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology for the encapsulation task of the low-cost solar array project

    Kolyer, J. M.

    1978-01-01

    An important principle is that encapsulants should be tested in a total array system allowing realistic interaction of components. Therefore, micromodule test specimens were fabricated with a variety of encapsulants, substrates, and types of circuitry. One common failure mode was corrosion of circuitry and solar cell metallization due to moisture penetration. Another was darkening and/or opacification of encapsulant. A test program plan was proposed. It includes multicondition accelerated exposure. Another method was hyperaccelerated photochemical exposure using a solar concentrator. It simulates 20 year of sunlight exposure in a short period of one to two weeks. The study was beneficial in identifying some cost effective encapsulants and array designs.

  16. Separation,Purification and Structure Identification of a Saponin from Momordica charantia L.Var.abbreviate Ser%癞葡萄皂苷的分离、纯化及其结构鉴定

    赵明禹; 陶冠军; 顾小红; 汤坚; 蒋超

    2008-01-01

    分别使用AB-8大孔树脂、C18填料柱,从癞葡萄醇提取物中分离纯化癞葡萄皂苷,并用高效液相色谱法测定所得化合物的相对含量,最后使用质谱、核磁共振的方法对其分子结构进行了鉴定.结果成功分离纯化出一种皂苷,经测定,该皂苷的纯度为95.70%,结构鉴定为葫芦烷-5-烯-3β,22,23,24,25-四羟基-3-O-3-β-D-吡喃葡萄糖(1→6)-D-吡喃葡萄糖苷.

  17. Travelers' Health: Immunocompromised Travelers

    ... levels Abbreviations: NRTI, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor; NNRTI, nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor. 1 Adapted from Table 2 ... inhibitors Abbreviations: NRTI, nucleoside reverse transcriptase ... NNRTI, nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor. 1 Adapted from Table 2 ...

  18. Progress on Radioactive Waste Treatment Facilities Construction

    2011-01-01

    In 2011, five projects were undertaken by radioactive waste projects management department, which are "Cold Commissioning of the Pilot Project on Radioactive Waste Retrieval and Conditioning (abbreviation 'Pilot Project')", "Radioactive Ventilation Project Construction (abbreviation 'Ventilation

  19. Acronym master list

    NONE

    1995-06-01

    This document is a master list of acronyms and other abbreviations that are used by or could be useful to, the personnel at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Many specialized and well-known abbreviations are not included in this list.

  20. СЛОВОСЛОЖЕНИЕ И АББРЕВИАЦИЯ: СХОДСТВО И РАЗЛИЧИЯ (НА МАТЕРИАЛЕ СОВРЕМЕННОГО АНГЛИЙСКОГО ЯЗЫКА)

    Дюжикова, Е.

    1995-01-01

    The article "Compounding and Abbreviation: Likeness and Difference" is devoted to correlation of English compounding and abbreviation. Through investigation of their typical features showed that both phenomena present the forming field of secondary nomination units but at the same time abbreviation is a very specific word-formation process.

  1. Análise da eficácia do metilfenidato usando a versão abreviada do questionário de conners em transtorno de déficit de atenção/hiperatividade Analysis of the methylphenidate's efficacy using the abbreviated version Conners' questionnaire in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

    Ênio Roberto de Andrade; Claudia Scheuer

    2004-01-01

    O transtorno de déficit de atenção/hiperatividade (TDAH) é quadro diagnóstico bastante complexo, de início precoce, com evolução crônica que repercute em diversos contextos. Três a 5% das crianças em idade escolar apresentam esse transtorno. O questionário de Conners vem sendo utilizado como instrumento de levantamento epidemiológico para o TDAH. OBJETIVO: Este estudo visa a utilização deste instrumento para a análise da eficácia do tratamento com metilfenidato em crianças com TDAH. MÉTODO: F...

  2. Aryltitanium(IV) complexes with the h3-C,N,N'-pseudofacially coordinating ligand [C6H4(CH2N(Me)CH2Ch2NMe2)-2]- (abbreviated as CNN). The x-ray crystal structure of [TiCl2(CNN)(O-i-Pr)

    van Koten, G; Donkervoort, J.G.; Kronenburg, C.M.P.; Deelman, B.J.; Jastrzebski, J.T.B.H.; Veldman, N; Spek, A.L.

    1997-01-01

    Reaction of [TiCl{3}(O-i-Pr)] with [Li(CNN)]{2} (CNN = monoanionic C{6}H{4}(CH{2}N(Me)CH{2}CH{2}NMe{2})-2) in 2:1 molar ratio in toluene at -78}o{C afforded [TiCl{2}(CNN)(O-i-Pr)] as a 3:2 molar mixture of two stereoisomers. The stereoisomers differ by the mutual position of the chloro and alkoxy ligands. Molecular modelling calculations and an X-ray analysis of one of the stereoisomers indicated that the alkoxy ligand exhibits a strong trans preference to the weakest @p-donating ligated atom...

  3. 40 CFR 415.311 - Specialized definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... AND STANDARDS INORGANIC CHEMICALS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Calcium Hydroxide Production..., the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401...

  4. 40 CFR 407.71 - Specialized definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401... unpeeled, beets, bell peppers, cabbage, carrots, celery, chili pepper, horseradish, turnips,...

  5. Ulusal Tıp ve Sağlık Bilimlerinde Dergi Adı Kısaltmaları: Bir Pilot Çalışma

    Çolaklar, Huriye; Güneş, Güssün; Küyük, Ayşen

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to prepare a standardized list of abbreviations to be used in the abbreviation of headings in the medical and health periodicals published in Turkey. There is no standard for abbreviating the titles of journals referred to in the contents of journals that are printed or published in the electronic medium in Turkey. This situation leads to degrees of confusion in the publication of journals in Turkey. The elements introduced in this study may be used in the abbrevi...

  6. 77 FR 10434 - Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse Gases Rule: Confidentiality Determinations and Best Available...

    2012-02-22

    ... elements in subpart I, Electronics Manufacturing source category, of the Mandatory Reporting of Greenhouse..., and be free of any defects or viruses. Docket: All documents in the docket are listed in the http.../ . Acronyms and Abbreviations. The following acronyms and abbreviations are used in this document. BAMM...

  7. Versión española del cuestionario EPQR-ABREVIADO (EPQR-A) (I) : análisis exploratorio de la estructura factorial

    Sandín, Bonifacio; Valiente, Rosa M.; Chorot, Paloma; Olmedo Montes, Margarita; Santed Germán, Miguel Angel

    2002-01-01

    El objetivo del presente estudio se ha centrado en analizar la estructura factorial del Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised-Abbreviated (EPQR-A). Francis et al. [Francis, L.J., Brown, L.B., & Philipchalk, R. (1992). The development of an abbrevi

  8. A High Precision Prediction Model Using Hybrid Grey Dynamic Model

    Li, Guo-Dong; Yamaguchi, Daisuke; Nagai, Masatake; Masuda, Shiro

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a new prediction analysis model which combines the first order one variable Grey differential equation Model (abbreviated as GM(1,1) model) from grey system theory and time series Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) model from statistics theory. We abbreviate the combined GM(1,1) ARIMA model as ARGM(1,1)…

  9. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium field / Development of technology to treat aquatic environment by using microorganisms fixed on carbon fabrics (abbreviation: carbon/aquatic environment project) (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium bun`ya / tanso sen`i nansoshiki eno biseibutsu kochaku gensho wo riyoshita mizukankyo seibi gijutsu no kaihatsu (ryakusho: tanso mizu kankyo project) daiichi nendo seika hokokusho

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Out of the development of technology to arrange the aquatic environment using phenomena of microorganism fixation on carbon fiber soft textures, the paper stated the fiscal 1997 result. On carbon fibers in a state of swaying in water, microorganisms in water fix in an amazingly large quantity. A catalog was compiled of 58 kinds of carbon fabrics trially woven and knitted. When carbon fiber is used as activated sludge carrier, activity of microorganism lasts more than one year. Only a little amount of surplus sludge is generated. The fixed microorganisms are more active in case of carbon fiber than in case of nylon and polyester fibers. Fiber texture models of carbon fiber fixing activated sludge groups were proposed. By pump operation, the water flow inside/outside microorganism groups is being accelerated. Several new strains of bacillus carboniphilus were isolated/identified from soil and marsh. To grasp relationships of characteristics among three elements such as the state of aquatic environment, fiber, and microorganism group, the experiment was prepared. Preliminary work is conducted to derive a simple equation for facility design, and experimental directions to obtain design conditions were proposed. 6 refs., 166 figs., 47 tabs.

  10. Concrete Carbonation and Chloride Resistance Under Initial Hot Water Curing

    Li, Guo; Li, Xiaoling L.; Wei, Rongrong R.; Du, Jianmin M.; Wu, Xiaosuo S.

    2014-01-01

    Three concrete mix proportions were designed and prepared, respectively, such as fly ash concrete (abbreviated as “FAC”) with 30% fly ash replacement ratio of cement, fly ash, and slag concrete (abbreviated as “FSC”) with each of 20% fly ash and slag replacement ratio and ordinary Portland cement concrete (abbreviated as “OPC”) for the research of carbonation and chloride resistance of concrete under different initial hot water curing. Specimens with precuring were put into 20°C water tank fo...

  11. Depth $0$ Nonsingular Morse Smale flows on $S^3$

    Yu, Bin

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, we first develope the concept of Lyapunov graph to weighted Lyapunov graph (abbreviated as WLG) for nonsingular Morse-Smale flows (abbreviated as NMS flows) on $S^3$. WLG is quite sensitive to NMS flows on $S^3$. For instance, WLG detect the indexed links of NMS flows. Then we use WLG and some other tools to describe nonsingular Morse-Smale flows without heteroclinic trajectories connecting saddle orbits (abbreviated as depth $0$ NMS flows). It mainly contains the following sev...

  12. Nomina sacra en un ms. inédito de Lucas (Ms BnF, Suppl. gr. 911, año 1043)

    Urbán Fernández, Ángel

    2004-01-01

    In this article I attempt to study the abbreviations of the nomina sacra in an unpublished MS, dated in the year 1043 by the scribe himself. The MS contains, leaving aside a few lacunae, a complete Graeco-Arabic of Luke's Gospel. I draw a comparison between its system of abbreviations and that of the papyri of the first eight centuries AD and that of Codex Bezae Cantabrigensis, thus proving one of the New Testament MSS of the late Middle Ages which shows a greater number of abbreviations for ...

  13. SASL: A Semantic Annotation System for Literature

    Yuan, Pingpeng; Wang, Guoyin; Zhang, Qin; Jin, Hai

    Due to ambiguity, search engines for scientific literatures may not return right search results. One efficient solution to the problems is to automatically annotate literatures and attach the semantic information to them. Generally, semantic annotation requires identifying entities before attaching semantic information to them. However, due to abbreviation and other reasons, it is very difficult to identify entities correctly. The paper presents a Semantic Annotation System for Literature (SASL), which utilizes Wikipedia as knowledge base to annotate literatures. SASL mainly attaches semantic to terminology, academic institutions, conferences, and journals etc. Many of them are usually abbreviations, which induces ambiguity. Here, SASL uses regular expressions to extract the mapping between full name of entities and their abbreviation. Since full names of several entities may map to a single abbreviation, SASL introduces Hidden Markov Model to implement name disambiguation. Finally, the paper presents the experimental results, which confirm SASL a good performance.

  14. Revision Knee Surgery

    Full Text Available ... abbreviated surgical technique. These instruments allow us to use the LCCK implants, which have a long-term ... appear to be big enough to necessitate the use of trabecular metal cones. I think we should ...

  15. 40 CFR 417.171 - Specialized definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401... degrees C for a period of 7 days using an acclimated seed. Agitation employing a magnetic stirrer set...

  16. 40 CFR 417.181 - Specialized definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401... degrees C for a period of 7 days using an acclimated seed. Agitation employing a magnetic stirrer set...

  17. 7 CFR 91.101 - Definitions.

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) COMMODITY LABORATORY TESTING PROGRAMS...: AMS. The abbreviation for the Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) agency of the United...

  18. 78 FR 20004 - Protection of Stratospheric Ozone: Adjustments to the Allowance System for Controlling HCFC...

    2013-04-03

    ... Merchant Wholesalers (NAICS code 423730), including air-conditioning (condensing unit, compressors... HCFCs for servicing air conditioning and refrigeration equipment. Acronyms and Abbreviations. The..., Ventilating, and Air Conditioning Montreal Protocol--Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the...

  19. Experiment list: DRX014634 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  20. Experiment list: DRX014607 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available =JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...ber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.o

  1. Experiment list: DRX014615 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available =JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...ber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.o

  2. Experiment list: DRX014562 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available issue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/

  3. Experiment list: DRX014560 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  4. Experiment list: DRX014684 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ssue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK013 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/C

  5. Experiment list: DRX014611 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available =JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...ber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.o

  6. Experiment list: DRX014627 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available | tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/o

  7. Experiment list: DRX014630 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  8. Experiment list: DRX014631 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/ob

  9. Experiment list: DRX014561 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  10. Experiment list: DRX014557 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available issue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/

  11. Experiment list: DRX014629 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/ob

  12. Experiment list: DRX014702 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK015 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018 |

  13. Experiment list: DRX014565 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ssue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/C

  14. Experiment list: DRX014558 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  15. Experiment list: DRX014559 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK001 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  16. Experiment list: DRX014626 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo

  17. Experiment list: DRX014628 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available | tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK008 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/o

  18. Experiment list: DRX014738 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ssue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK019 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/C

  19. 40 CFR 427.21 - Specialized definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... AND STANDARDS ASBESTOS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Asbestos-Cement Sheet Subcategory § 427.21... definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this subpart....

  20. 40 CFR 427.11 - Specialized definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... AND STANDARDS ASBESTOS MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Asbestos-Cement Pipe Subcategory § 427.11... definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this subpart....

  1. Glossary of medical English. Language trainer and dictionary

    Content divided into the following parts: Basic medical terms; health care; body structures and functions; complex body functions; medical science; clinical terms. Use illustrated by means of examples. Appendix: Index of english terms and abbreviations and of german terms

  2. REACTOR TEST PROJECT FOR CHEMICAL REMOVAL OF PYRITIC SULFUR FROM COAL. VOLUME II. APPENDICES

    ;Contents: Computer programs utilized during RTU data reduction; Computer program for converting doric magnetic tapes to an engineering format; Computer program for tabulating doric data in the abbreviated format; Computer program for plotting doric data; Computer program for com...

  3. Dynamika abreviace a abreviačních údajů (na českém jazykovém materiálu)

    Rangelova, Albena; Tichá, Zdeňka

    Warszawa: Slawistyczny Ośrodek Wydawniczy, 2012, s. 147-169. (Prace Slawistyczne. 136). ISBN 978-83-89191-18-2 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z90610521 Keywords : neology * abbreviation * semantics Subject RIV: AI - Linguistics

  4. Annual report 2005 - Furnas Centrais Eletricas S.A

    This progress report covers the year of 2005 general activity approaching the following areas: acronyms abbreviations and concepts, company profile, main indicators, company business, corporate performance, corporate governance and sustainable development

  5. 77 FR 76234 - WRC-07 Implementation Order

    2012-12-27

    ...-satellite service (MSS)'' in the first sentence and removed the introduction of the MSS abbreviation from... MHz and 470-668 MHz. * * * * * (e) The user and the installer of a biomedical telemetry...

  6. Revision Knee Surgery

    Full Text Available ... instruments or that allow for abbreviated surgical technique. These instruments allow us to use the LCCK implants, ... the knee. When she presented to me with these X-rays, my first concern was infection because ...

  7. Croton grewioides Baill. (Euphorbiaceae shows antidiarrheal activity in mice

    Anne Dayse Soares da Silva

    2016-01-01

    Abbreviations Used: CG-EtOH: crude ethanolic extract obtained from the aerial parts of C. grewioides; WHO: World Health Organization; ED50: dose of a drug that produces 50% of its maximum effect; Emax: maximum effect

  8. Should Internet Jargon Be Allowed in College Entrance Examinations?

    2007-01-01

    Anyone who has chatted online knows that when the heat is on, brief is best. There is just no time to type out correctly spelled, grammatically gleaming sentenceswhen the gossip gallops across the keyboard. Symbols, jargon, abbreviations, similaritie

  9. 40 CFR 421.271 - Specialized definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... definitions, abbreviations, and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 shall apply to this subpart. (b) The term rare earth metals refers to the elements scandium, yttrium, and lanthanum to...

  10. 77 FR 66621 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendation for Lenalidomide Capsules; Availability

    2012-11-06

    ... 11, 2010 (75 FR 33311), FDA announced the availability of a guidance for industry, ``Bioequivalence... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Recommendation... design of bioequivalence (BE) studies to support abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs)...

  11. Biosimilar monoclonal antibodies : The scientific basis for extrapolation

    Schellekens, Huub; Lietzan, Erika; Faccin, Freddy; Venema, Jaap

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Biosimilars are biologic products that receive authorization based on an abbreviated regulatory application containing comparative quality and nonclinical and clinical data that demonstrate similarity to a licensed biologic product. Extrapolation of safety and efficacy has emerged as a

  12. Brief description of the programmes of the Institut fuer Reaktordynamik und Anlagensicherheit (IRA)

    All programmes used by the IRA are presented, giving name and abbreviation, field of application, purpose and solution method, requirements made on the computer, necessary auxiliary programmes, and machine time for typical examples. (RW)

  13. 49 CFR 178.345-14 - Marking.

    2010-10-01

    ... abbreviations may be used): (1) DOT-specification number DOT XXX (DOT XXX) where “XXX” is replaced with the... DOT XXX (DOT XXX), where “XXX” is replaced with the applicable specification number....

  14. Geomagnetic Principal Magnetic Storms

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The abbreviations used for observatory names are as follows: GEOMAGNETIC OBSERVATORIES Code Station Geomagnetic Latitude ABG Alibag AMS Martin de Vivie. These data...

  15. Photovoltaic energy systems: Program summary fiscal year 1983

    1984-01-01

    An overview of government funded activities in photovoltaic energy conversion research is given. Introductory information, a list of directing organizations, a list of acronyms and abbreviations, and an index of current contractors are given.

  16. TECAB - Totally Endoscopic Coronary Artery Bypass

    Full Text Available ... uncommon operation used to correct a very common cardiac problem. The abbreviation we as doctors use for ... My name is Johannes Bonatti. I’m a cardiac surgeon here at the University of Maryland Medical ...

  17. ATHENA'S PAGES

    Raveenthiran V

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Athena stands for abbreviation of Abstracting and Thoughtful Evaluation of Neonatal Articles; but it is also personified by the contributor. Like Athena of Greek mythology, she distills wisdom from published literature.

  18. Application of Economy Principle in News English

    潘红

    2016-01-01

    The economy principle of language obtained full manifestation in news English. This paper presents major ways in which people make news English economic, i.e. using short words, abbreviations, affixes, compounds and words with extended meanings and conversions.

  19. Preparation and evaluation of andrographolide solid dispersion vectored by silicon dioxide

    Dingkun Zhang

    2016-01-01

    Abbreviation used: Andro: Andrographolide, BCS: Biopharmaceutics Classification System, SDS: Tetrahydrofuran and Sodium dodecyl sulfate, HPLC: High Performance Liquid Chromatography, SEM: Scanning Electron Microscope, BET: Brumauer–Emmett–Teller, FTIR: Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, XRD: X-ray Diffraction.

  20. 40 CFR 406.31 - Specialized definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... STANDARDS GRAIN MILLS POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Normal Wheat Flour Milling Subcategory § 406.31 Specialized..., abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall apply to this subpart....

  1. 40 CFR 406.41 - Specialized definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... STANDARDS GRAIN MILLS POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Bulgur Wheat Flour Milling Subcategory § 406.41 Specialized..., abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in part 401 of this chapter shall apply to this subpart. (b)...

  2. Annual report 2005 - Furnas Centrais Eletricas S.A

    NONE

    2005-12-15

    This progress report covers the year of 2005 general activity approaching the following areas: acronyms abbreviations and concepts, company profile, main indicators, company business, corporate performance, corporate governance and sustainable development.

  3. Corrigendum to "A pathway-based network analysis of hypertension-related genes" [Physica A 444 (2016) 928-939

    Wang, Huan; Hu, Jing-Bo; Xu, Chuan-Yun; Zhang, De-Hai; Yan, Qian; Xu, Ming; Cao, Ke-Fei; Zhang, Xu-Sheng

    2016-04-01

    The authors regret that the letter "l" in the gene Creb3l2 was typed incorrectly as the number "1" three times in the published paper. In this paper, the number of abbreviations used for genes should be nine because "Col4a2_predicted" was also abbreviated as "Col4a2". Additionally, there were three minor errors in the production of the paper. The corrections are as follows:

  4. The peculiarities of medical scientific neologisms translation from english to ukrainian

    Коновалова, Вікторія Борисівна

    2013-01-01

    In the pursuit of fidelity and equivalence at the word level a translator must face numerous problems. This article provides a contribution to the issue of handling abbreviations and acronyms in medical translation, which are one of the most problematic lexical groups. The article deals with the translation of medical terminology, especially neologisms, abbreviations and acronyms that are an objective translational problem that can cause serious difficulties despite the professional interpret...

  5. [Interest in several surgeries for serious abdominal trauma].

    Chosidow, D; Lesurtel, M; Sauvat, F; Paugam, C; Johanet, H; Marmuse, J P; Benhamou, G

    2000-01-01

    Abbreviated laparotomy and planned reoperation(s) is a new concept in severely injured patients with multivisceral failure by hemorrhagic shock, coagulopathy and hypothermia. The aim of an abbreviated laparotomy is to control hemorrhage, prevent digestive contamination and close the abdominal wall without tension. After a delay for reanimation during 24 to 96 hours, discovery of unknown lesions and anatomic reconstruction will be possible through planned reoperation in better conditions. Emergency reoperation for hemorrhage and abdominal hyperpression severely worsens prognosis. PMID:10921187

  6. ITER technical term bilingual glossary year 2008 first half edition

    On October 24th, 2007, the Agreement on the Establishment of the ITER International Fusion Energy Organization for the Joint Implementation of the ITER Project (the 'ITER Agreement') came into force, and Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) was appointed to a Domestic Agency (DA). The DA will contribute to the ITER construction in cooperation with ITER Organization (IO) where many ITER-specific technical terms and abbreviations were used. This book is a collection of those terms and abbreviations translated to Japanese. (author)

  7. Design and Optimization of Tramadol HCL immediate release tablets as per scale Up and Post Approval Changes (SUPAC) Level II

    Jaikishan Khatri; Mugdha Karde; Savita Yadav; Dr. S.S. Bhalerao

    2012-01-01

    The Filing of a New Drug Application (NDA), Abbreviated New Drug Application (ANDA) and Abbreviated Antibiotic Drug Application (AADA) is only the beginning for a drug to get into the market. The SUPAC Level changes are due to change in site, change in excipient levels, changes in batch size and equipment changes. The objective of this experiment was to make a robust, stable formulation which would withstand the SUPAC changes. An immediate release tablet formulation was made in order to carry...

  8. INIS: Authority List for Journal Titles

    This is the nineteenth revision of the INIS: Authority List for Journal Titles (IAEA-INIS-11). It lists 10,797 journal titles which have contained articles within the scope of INIS. The purpose of this Authority List is to provide descriptive cataloguers with a standard abbreviation for journal titles and to assist users of INIS products with a tool for verifying the full title of a journal. A journal, or periodical, is generally published within a defined, fixed interval between issues, which usually has more than one issue a year, and which usually includes a mixture of articles, letters, summaries, etc. Within this definition, annuals such as Annual Review of Nuclear Science are included. Series titles as, for example the McGraw-Hill Series in Nuclear Engineering, are not included in this Authority. Entries: Each entry consists of: - the full journal title (highlighted); - the abbreviated title; - ISSN, if available; - CODEN, if available; - additional information related to the journal title. Arrangement: In Part I, the full journal titles are grouped by country or international organization name and ordered alphabetically, followed by the ISSN, the CODEN in square brackets if available, and then the abbreviated title. The abbreviated title is based on the rules of ISO 4: Documentation - International Code for the Abbreviation of Titles of Periodicals. The abbreviations of the words are taken from the ISDS List of Periodical Title Word Abbreviation. In Part II, the order of the citations is reversed: the abbreviated journal titles are arranged alphabetically, followed by country code. Then the full journal titles are followed by the country of publication, and if available, ISSN and CODEN. Additional Information: There is important information related to the journal titles which are fundamental for tracing the history of the title and the present status. They are listed below and are entered whenever applicable: - Ceased publication; - Superseded by

  9. Txt2MEDLINE: Text-Messaging Access to MEDLINE/PubMed

    Fontelo, Paul; Liu, Fang; Muin, Michael; Tolentino, Herman; Ackerman, Michael

    2006-01-01

    We developed a text messaging system for processing incoming Short Message Service (SMS) queries, retrieving medical journal citations from MEDLINE/PubMed and sending them back to the user in the text message format. A database of medical terminology abbreviations and acronyms was developed to reduce the size of text in journal citations and abstracts because of the 160-character per message limit of text messages. Queries may be sent as full-length terms or abbreviations. An algorithm transf...

  10. Child and Adult Pedestrian Impact: The Influence of Vehicle Type on Injury Severity

    Henary, Basem Y.; Crandall, Jeff; Bhalla, Kavi; Mock, Charles N.; Roudsari, Bahman S

    2003-01-01

    In the United States, the vehicle fleet is shifting from predominantly passenger cars (automobiles) to SUVs, light trucks, and vans (LTV). This study investigates how pedestrian severe injury and mortality are associated with vehicle type and pedestrian age. The Pedestrian Crash Data Study (PCDS) database for years 1994–1998 was used for a cross-sectional study design. Outcome measures were Injury Severity Score, Maximum Abbreviated Injury Score, Abbreviated Injury Scale, Pedestrian Mortality...

  11. The Impact of Texting on Comprehension

    Jamal K. M. Ali

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a study of the effects of texting on English language comprehension. The authors believe that English used in texting causes a lack of comprehension for English speakers, learners, and texters. Wei, Xian-hai and Jiang (2008:3 declare “In Netspeak, there are some newly-created vocabularies, which people cannot comprehend them either from their partial pronunciation or from their figures.” Crystal (2007:23 claims; “variation causes problems of comprehension and acceptability. If you speak or write differently from the way I do, we may fail to understand each other.”  In this paper, the authors conducted a questionnaire at Aligarh Muslim University to ninety respondents from five different Faculties and four different levels. To measure respondents’ comprehension of English texting, the authors gave the respondents abbreviations used by texters and asked them to write the full forms of the abbreviations. The authors found that many abbreviations were not understood, which suggested that most of the respondents did not understand and did not use these abbreviations.Keywords: abbreviation, comprehension, texting, texters, variation

  12. A confirmatory approach to understanding the four-factor structure of the Adolescent Drinking Index: evidence for a brief version.

    Hernandez, Lynn; Salas-Wright, Christopher P; Graves, Hannah; Cancilliere, Mary Kathryn; Spirito, Anthony

    2014-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the original version of the Adolescent Drinking Index (ADI), and to examine the fit of a series of confirmatory factor analysis models to arrive at an abbreviated version that can be easily administered in settings with limited time for assessment. These aims were examined in a sample of 740 adolescents (Mage=15.26; 58.5% males) who completed the ADI during an emergency department visit. Results suggested that the four-domain design did not fit the data adequately. Results, however, demonstrated good fit for an 8-item adapted version with a four-factor structure: interpersonal, social, psychological, and physical indicators. This abbreviated version was also associated with outcomes such as hangover, alcohol withdrawal, and substance use. Findings from this study provide support for the use of an abbreviated version of the ADI for screening adolescents and referring them to appropriate interventions. PMID:25012547

  13. Preparation and Behaviour of New Materials for Percutaneous Access

    2005-01-01

    The reinforcing effects on hydroxyapatite ( abbreviated HA ) of phosphate glass additives were researched. The samples of reinforced HA ( abbreviated RHA ) and control material were prepared and then percutaneously implanted in the skin of experiment animal. The histomorphology of the part skin tissue were observed.By a biomimetic process, the method and conditions of forming HA coating on the surface of medical silicon rubber(abbreviated MSR) were studied. The results illustrate that the phosphate glass additives have obvious reinforcing effects on HA. In the percutaneous implantation test, neither clear infiltration of inflammatory cells nor marked downgrowth of epidermis was observed for the part tissue surrounded RHA. The surface modification of MSR for percutaneous access could be attained by biomimetic synthesis of HA coating.

  14. US Department of Energy Oak Ridge Field Office Environmental Restoration Program review

    1992-05-01

    This document summarizes the baselined FY 1993 Department of Energy Oak Ridge Field Office (DOE-OR) Environmental Restoration Program task priorities, budgets, and associated abbreviated task descriptions. Also included is a description of the approach utilized to establish priorities for the FY 1993 and FY 1994 budget process. Abbreviated task descriptions for FY 1994 are also included in priority listing. These FY 1994 tasks form the basis for the Activity Data Sheets prepared for DOE-OR that were submitted in May 1992.

  15. US Department of Energy Oak Ridge Field Office Environmental Restoration Program review. FY 1993--94 prioritization and program description summaries

    1992-05-01

    This document summarizes the baselined FY 1993 Department of Energy Oak Ridge Field Office (DOE-OR) Environmental Restoration Program task priorities, budgets, and associated abbreviated task descriptions. Also included is a description of the approach utilized to establish priorities for the FY 1993 and FY 1994 budget process. Abbreviated task descriptions for FY 1994 are also included in priority listing. These FY 1994 tasks form the basis for the Activity Data Sheets prepared for DOE-OR that were submitted in May 1992.

  16. US Department of Energy Oak Ridge Field Office Environmental Restoration Program review

    This document summarizes the baselined FY 1993 Department of Energy Oak Ridge Field Office (DOE-OR) Environmental Restoration Program task priorities, budgets, and associated abbreviated task descriptions. Also included is a description of the approach utilized to establish priorities for the FY 1993 and FY 1994 budget process. Abbreviated task descriptions for FY 1994 are also included in priority listing. These FY 1994 tasks form the basis for the Activity Data Sheets prepared for DOE-OR that were submitted in May 1992

  17. Freud in China: An Interview with Wang Ning

    Evan Osnos

    2011-01-01

    0 (Abbreviation of Osnos) : How did you become focused on Freud? W (Abbreviation of Wang Ning) : I found that many of the American writers were greatly influenced by psychoanalysis, especially by Freud. So I took some time reading some of the books written by Freud, such as Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, Beyond the Pleasure Principles and An Autobiographi- cal Study. And in 1983, I attended a conference, a national conference on psychoanalysis in Nanjing and submitted a paper on Freudian influence on modern and contemporary Western literature.

  18. Standard terminology relating to fatigue and fracture testing

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2010-01-01

    1.1 This terminology contains definitions, definitions of terms specific to certain standards, symbols, and abbreviations approved for use in standards on fatigue and fracture testing. The definitions are preceded by two lists. The first is an alphabetical listing of symbols used. (Greek symbols are listed in accordance with their spelling in English.) The second is an alphabetical listing of relevant abbreviations. 1.2 This terminology includes Annex A1 on Units and Annex A2 on Designation Codes for Specimen Configuration, Applied Loading, and Crack or Notch Orientation.

  19. 75 FR 28847 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Board Options Exchange, Incorporated; Notice of Filing of...

    2010-05-24

    ... consultation with U.S. listing markets and Commission staff to provide for uniform market-wide trading pause... reopening, a rotation shall be held in the individual stock on CBSX unless the Exchange concludes that a... rotation, an abbreviated rotation or any other variation in the manner of the rotation. Lastly, nothing...

  20. Strong earthquake activity all over the world and strong-moderate earthquake activity within and near China (August, 1999~September, 1999)

    2000-01-01

    @@ Illustration All the data in this catalog are chosen from the "Preliminary Seismological Report of Chinese Seismic Stations" (Its abbreviation is "Monthly Report"). The catalog includes the events of M4.7 in and near China and M6 all over the world. The "Monthly Report" is monthly compiled by the Ninth Section of Institute of Geophysics, CSB.

  1. Transmission of Islamic Exact Science to India and its Neighbours and Repercussions Thereof%伊斯兰精密科学对印度及其邻国的传播和影响

    S. M. Razaullah Ansari

    2005-01-01

    @@ Ⅰ Let me first clarify that science as developed in Islamic cultural areas or societies during the Middle Ages is abbreviated here as Islamic Science. In that context, the Exact Science is confined to astronomy (including mathematical geography) and mathematics only; physics was then a part of natural philosophy, and chemistry a branch of medicine.

  2. The importance of a Monumentenwacht system. The situation in North Brabant

    Hees, R.P.J. van; Naldini, S.; Nijland, T.G.

    2015-01-01

    The question ‘What is the importance of a Monumentenwacht system (monument watch)’ is a very current issue. Do the activities of Monumentenwacht (often abbreviated MW in this report) contribute to better and more cost-effective preservation of our built cultural heritage? In order to answer this que

  3. New rate structure of the Dutch natural gas trading company Gasunie

    Starting January 1, 2000, many of Gasunie's large-scale consumers will have to deal with a new rate structure: the CDS (Dutch abbreviation for Commodity Services System). Unlike in the old zone system, the consumption profile is of great importance in the CDS. Those who must heat large spaces have a particular interest in sizing up the consequences of the CDS

  4. QRコードの特性について

    石野, 正彦; Ishino, Masahiko; 小林, 秀俊; Kobayashi, Hidetoshi

    2013-01-01

    The QR cord is the matrix type two dimensions bar code which Denso development section developed in 1994. QR was an abbreviation of Quick Response and was developed to be able to do high-speed reading. We analyzed the structure of the QR cord and studied reading quality properties.

  5. Selective Neurocognitive Impairments in Adolescents with Major Depressive Disorder

    Han, Georges; Klimes-Dougan, Bonnie; Jepsen, Susie; Ballard, Kristin; Nelson, Megan; Houri, Alaa; Kumra, Sanjiv; Cullen, Kathryn

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated whether major depression in adolescence is characterized by neurocognitive deficits in attention, affective decision making, and cognitive control of emotion processing. Neuropsychological tests including the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, the Continuous Performance Test-Identical Pairs, the Attention Network…

  6. Standardization and standards for dyes and stains used in biology and medicine

    Lyon, H O; Horobin, R W

    2007-01-01

    more detailed description is given in Appendix A of the rules governing the work of the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) and of the technical co-operation between the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and CEN (The Vienna Agreement). Finally, a short list of abbreviations...

  7. Radioactivity: Recommendations of the International Commission on Radiological Units and Measurements (1962), (ICRU) Report 10 c.

    National Bureau of Standards (DOC), Washington, DC.

    This handbook presents recommendations agreed upon at the meeting of the International Commission on Radiological Units and Measurements (ICRU) held in Montreux, Switzerland, in April 1962. It is written in a report form with a preface including symbols, abbreviations and definitions of terms used in the report. The report consists of four…

  8. An Analysis of the Predictive Validity of the New Ecological Paradigm Scale.

    Cordano, Mark; Welcomer, Stephanie A.; Scherer, Robert F.

    2003-01-01

    Evaluates the predictive validity of the original and revised versions of the New Environmental Paradigm (NEP) scale, some abbreviated NEP-derived scales, and a non-NEP environmental attitudes scale. Finds that all scales explain a significant amount of the variance in a measure of intention to engage in pro-environmental behavior. (Contains 33…

  9. TECAB - Totally Endoscopic Coronary Artery Bypass

    Full Text Available ... common cardiac problem. The abbreviation we as doctors use for this operation is “TECAB,” meaning “Totally Endoscopic ... point. It’s down. It’s down already. So we use a double-lumen tube. We have those Weitlander. ...

  10. Quality manual. Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic

    This quality manual of the Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic (UJD) is presented. Basic characteristics of the UJD, Quality manual operative control, and Quality management system (QMS) are described. Management responsibility, Processes realization, Measurement, analysis (assessment) and improvement of the quality management system, Cancellation provision as well as abbreviations used in the Quality Manual are presented.

  11. Mild formation of cyclic carbonates using Zn(II) complexes based on N2S2-chelating ligands

    D. Anselmo; V. Bocokic; A. Decortes; E.C. Escudero-Adan; J. Benet-Buchholz; J.N.H. Reek; A.W. Kleij

    2012-01-01

    We have prepared a series of Zn(II) complexes (1-3) based on a versatile N2S2-chelating ligand abbreviated as btsc [btsc = bis-(thiosemicarbazonato)] derived from simple and accessible building blocks. These complexes comprise a Lewis acidic Zn(II) center useful for substrate activation, and we have

  12. Reports to the Membership.

    2016-07-01

    The following are edited/abbreviated versions of the annual reports of the APA Secretary, Treasurer, CEO and Medical Director, Speaker, and Speaker-Elect and the chairpersons of the APA Committee on Bylaws, Membership Committee, Committee of Tellers, and Elections Committee. The full reports were presented at the APA Annual Business Meeting in Atlanta, May 15th, 2016. PMID:27363564

  13. FAD: Filtering, Analyzing, and Diagnosing Reading Difficulties

    Mokhtari, Kouider; Niederhauser, Dale S.; Beschorner, Elizabeth A.; Edwards, Patricia A.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the authors introduce a data analysis procedure, abbreviated as FAD, to help literacy professionals who work with children in clinical or classroom settings identify and interpret patterns of assessment data with the goal of determining children's literacy strengths and needs. The procedure uses data from multiple literacy…

  14. Ligonių po nugaros smegenų pažeidimų funkcinės būklės ir sutrikusios veiklos korekcija, taikant ergoterapiją, ankstyvuoju reabilitacijos laikotarpiu

    Mingaila, Sigitas

    2006-01-01

    LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS FIM - Functional Independence Measure. P - Significance level. CI - Confidence interval. df -degrees of freedom SD - Standard deviation. OR - Odds ratio. AOTA - American Occupational Therapy Association. COPM - Canadian occupational performance measure. NS - Not significant. ASIA - American Spinal Cord Injury Association. 1. Introduction About 140 – 150 people suffer from traumatic spinal cord injury in Lithua...

  15. Overview of Neutrino Mixing Models and Their Mixing Angle Predictions

    Albright, Carl H.

    2009-01-01

    Comment: 5 pages, 6 figures, written version of talk presented at the 11th International Workshop on Neutrino Factories, Superbeams and Beta Beams, Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, July 20-25, 2009; abbreviated version of arXiv:0905.0146 which appeared in Proceedings of the 13th International Workshop on Neutrino Telescopes, Venice, March 10-13, 2009

  16. 21 CFR 314.170 - Adulteration and misbranding of an approved drug.

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Adulteration and misbranding of an approved drug... Applications and Abbreviated Applications § 314.170 Adulteration and misbranding of an approved drug. All drugs... subject to the adulteration and misbranding provisions in sections 501, 502, and 503 of the act. FDA...

  17. Weighing the Options: Gastric Sleeve Surgery

    Full Text Available ... try to get those signals coming to the brain sooner with this particular procedure. That’s right. Correct. How are you doing over there in ... Correct? That’s right. Just like in the video, right there. And, what you’re left with is an abbreviated stomach, and the idea ...

  18. Energy alternatives for irrigation pumping: an economic analysis for northern India.

    Bhatia R

    1984-01-01

    ILO pub-WEP pub. Working paper presenting an economic analysis of alternative energy sources for irrigation pumping in Northern India - considers economic and technical aspects of photovoltaic pumping systems, solar energy systems, electric power, dual-fuel and diesel engines, Biogas and wind power; discusses economic and social development aspects. Abbreviations, bibliography, glossary and tables.

  19. 40 CFR 86.344-79 - Humidity calculations.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 18 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Humidity calculations. 86.344-79... Humidity calculations. (a) The following abbreviations (and units) are used in this section: BARO = barometric pressure (Pa) H = specific humidity, (gm H2O/gm of dry air) K = 0.6220 gm H2O/gm dry air M...

  20. A Reusable Software Architecture for Small Satellite AOCS Systems

    Alminde, Lars; Bendtsen, Jan Dimon; Laursen, Karl Kaas

    2006-01-01

    This paper concerns the software architecture called Sophy, which is an abbreviation for Simulation, Observation, and Planning in HYbrid systems. We present a framework that allows execution of hybrid dynamical systems in an on-line distributed computing environment, which includes interaction wi...

  1. Hepatoprotective and cytotoxic activities of abietic acid from Isodon wightii (bentham H. hara

    Madhusudhanan Gogul Ramnath

    2016-01-01

    Abbreviation Used: ABA: Abietic acid; LPS: Lipopolysacharride; PBS: Phosphate buffer saline; PI: Propidium iodide; NMR: Nuclear magnetic resonance; COSY: Correlation spectroscopy; HSQC: Heteronuclear single quantum correlation; HMBC: Heteronuclear multi - bond correlation; MTT: 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide

  2. 32 CFR Appendix A to Part 323 - Instructions for Preparation of System Notices

    2010-07-01

    ... acronyms only parenthetically following the title or any portion thereof, such as, “Joint Uniform Military... abbreviation symbols and zip codes for all domestic addresses. D. Categories of individuals covered by the... personnel” or “all civilian personnel” unless this actually reflects the category of individuals involved....

  3. R U Txting? Is the Use of Text Speak Hurting Your Literacy?

    Drouin, Michelle; Davis, Claire

    2009-01-01

    Recent negative media attention surrounding the use of text speak (shorthand abbreviations of words such as "gr8" for "great") and the potentially detrimental effects of text speak on literacy prompted this study of texting and literacy in 80 college students. Thirty-four text speak users and 46 nontext speak users were assessed on their…

  4. An Exploration of the Views of Teachers Concerning the Effects of Texting on Children's Literacy Development

    Wray, David

    2015-01-01

    Texting, or text messaging, refers to the use of mobile phones to type and send brief, electronic messages over a telephone network. Because such messages are limited to 160 characters and are typed on a small phone keypad, texters tend to employ a great many abbreviations in conveying their messages. This has led to widespread spelling…

  5. Psychometric qualities of a tetrad WAIS-III short form for use in individuals with mild to borderline intellectual disability

    Duijvenbode, N. van; Didden, H.C.M.; Hazel, T. van den; Engels, R.C.M.E.

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the reliability and validity of a Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence-based Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale - third edition (WAIS-III) short form (SF) in a sample of individuals with mild to borderline intellectual disability (MBID) (N=117; M-IQ=71.34; SDIQ=8.00, r

  6. Synthesis and Application of Ratiometric and "Turn-On" Fluorescent pH Sensors: An Advanced Organic Undergraduate Laboratory

    Hutt, Johnathon T.; Aron, Zachary D.

    2014-01-01

    An upper-division organic chemistry laboratory experiment exploring fluorescent sensing over two laboratory periods and part of a third is described. Two functionally distinct pH-responsive sensors are prepared through a dehydrative three-component coupling reaction. During the abbreviated (<1 h) first laboratory period, students set up…

  7. 7 CFR 400.705 - Contents required for a new submission or changes to a previously approved submission.

    2010-01-01

    ... duration and scope of the plan of insurance; (8) A marketing plan; (9) Any known or anticipated future... related to the marketing of the policy or plan of insurance, including, as applicable: (1) A list of... contents and introduction; (ii) A section containing abbreviations, acronyms, and definitions; (iii)...

  8. The bitter right of the Netherlands Gasunie. Competitive constraints of the Commodity Services System

    The beginning of 1999 the Dutch natural gas trading company Gasunie introduced a new tariff system: the Commodity Services System (CSS or CDS, abbreviated in Dutch), criticized by many market parties. The head of the Gasunie department Gas Sales answers the critics

  9. Experiment list: DRX014622 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ref=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrar

  10. Experiment list: DRX014625 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ef=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...umber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary

  11. Experiment list: DRX014599 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  12. Experiment list: DRX014571 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ype=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://pu...se of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=11

  13. Experiment list: DRX014579 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available um of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell ont...ot number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...ology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || l

  14. Experiment list: DRX014620 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ref=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrar

  15. Experiment list: DRX021454 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available logy=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/C...m CEA operation || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_13001...issue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK026 || cell type abbreviation=HCCA || cell onto

  16. Experiment list: DRX014568 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available gy=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://...ause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=..._type=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontolo

  17. Experiment list: DRX014577 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell ontol... number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...ogy uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || lot

  18. Experiment list: DRX014621 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ef=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...umber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary

  19. Experiment list: DRX014608 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ef=JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...umber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary

  20. Experiment list: DRX014595 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ology=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibra...Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || tot...ple_type=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK004 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ont

  1. Experiment list: DRX014641 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  2. Experiment list: DRX014711 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available dothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK016 || cell type abbreviation=HUAEC || cell ontology=endothelial c...ell of umbilical artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_0010002 || lot number=03290 |

  3. Experiment list: DRX014570 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available gy=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://...ause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=..._type=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontolo

  4. Experiment list: DRX014640 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  5. Experiment list: DRX014601 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  6. Experiment list: DRX014572 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available gy=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://...ause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=..._type=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontolo

  7. Experiment list: DRX014609 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available f=JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...mber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.

  8. Experiment list: DRX014747 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK020 || cell type abbreviation=HBcAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1000413 || lot n

  9. Experiment list: DRX021452 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ology=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/...om CEA operation || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_1300...tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK026 || cell type abbreviation=HCCA || cell ont

  10. Experiment list: DRX014598 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available lls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_20000

  11. Experiment list: DRX014638 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  12. Experiment list: DRX014618 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ref=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology... number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibra

  13. Experiment list: DRX021453 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ology=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/...om CEA operation || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_1300...tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK026 || cell type abbreviation=HCCA || cell ont

  14. Experiment list: DRX014639 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  15. Experiment list: DRX014585 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell ontol... number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...ogy uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || lot

  16. Experiment list: DRX014575 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ype=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://pu...se of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=11

  17. Experiment list: DRX014617 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ef=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...umber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary

  18. Experiment list: DRX014581 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available m of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell onto...t number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...logy uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || lo

  19. Experiment list: DRX014569 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available gy=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://...ause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=..._type=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontolo

  20. Experiment list: DRX014580 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell ontol... number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...ogy uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || lot

  1. Experiment list: DRX014597 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  2. Experiment list: DRX014619 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ref=JTK007 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrar

  3. Experiment list: DRX014600 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  4. Experiment list: DRX014605 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  5. Experiment list: DRX014582 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available m of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell onto...t number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...logy uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || lo

  6. Experiment list: DRX014610 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available f=JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...mber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.

  7. Experiment list: DRX014637 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available lls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_20000

  8. Experiment list: DRX014644 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  9. Experiment list: DRX014602 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ls || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK005 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_200001

  10. Experiment list: DRX014636 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available s || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK009 || cell type abbreviation=HCAEC || cell ontology...=endothelial cell of coronary artery || cell ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_2000018

  11. Experiment list: DRX014567 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ype=primary cells || tissue_type=the endothelium of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK002 || cell type abbreviation=HAoEC || cell ontology...=aortic endothelial cells || cell ontology uri=http://pu...se of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/DOID_552 || total cell count=11

  12. Experiment list: DRX014578 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available um of blood vessels || ihec ref=JTK003 || cell type abbreviation=HPAEC || cell ontology=pulmonary artery endothelial cell || cell ont...ot number=03120 || catalog number=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Caucasian || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology...ology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/CL_1001568 || l

  13. Experiment list: DRX014612 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available f=JTK006 || cell type abbreviation=HUVEC || cell ontology=endothelial cell of umbilical vein || cell ontology...mber=FC-0077 || ethnicity=Arabic || cause of death=Pneumonia || disease ontology uri=http://purl.obolibrary.

  14. Apparent light requirement for activation of photosynthesis upon rehydration of desiccated beachrock microbial mats

    Schreiber, Ulrich; Gademann, Rolf; Bird, Paul;

    2002-01-01

    that oxygen is required for preventing complete dark reduction of the PSII acceptor pools via the NADPH-dehydrogenase/chlororespiration pathway. This hypothesis is supported by the observation that PSII quantum yield could be partially induced in the dark by flushing with molecular oxygen. Abbreviations: EDF...

  15. Artes Illiberales? The Four Myths of Liberal Education

    O'Sullivan, Maurice

    2009-01-01

    The phrase "liberal education" has begun obliterating more precise and meaningful terms. At first the author assumed that in using it, those public intellectuals who regularly gather to redefine higher education or set benchmarks for it had merely found an abbreviated way of describing a liberal-arts education. After Jeffrey Nesteruk took the…

  16. 40 CFR 430.101 - Specialized definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ..., the general definitions, abbreviations, and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401 and § 430... AND STANDARDS THE PULP, PAPER, AND PAPERBOARD POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Secondary Fiber Non-Deink... mills where recycled corrugating medium is not used in the production of paperboard. (c)...

  17. Does SMS Text Messaging Help or Harm Adults' Knowledge of Standard Spelling?

    Powell, D.; Dixon, M.

    2011-01-01

    The recent increase in short messaging system (SMS) text messaging, often using abbreviated, non-conventional "textisms" (e.g. "2nite"), in school-aged children has raised fears of negative consequences of such technology for literacy. The current research used a paradigm developed by Dixon and Kaminska, who showed that exposure to phonetically…

  18. Strategic Planning for Deepening the All-Around Structural Reform of Education: Issues of Structural Reform in the "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)"

    Songhua, Tan; Wang, Catherine Yan

    2012-01-01

    The "National Medium- and Long-Term Educational Reform and Development Guideline (2010-20)" (hereafter abbreviated as the "Guideline") posits that the development of education must be driven by reform and innovation. It devotes six chapters to mapping out the targets, tasks, and major policy measures for reforming the educational system. Focusing…

  19. Model Fitting for Predicted Precipitation in Darwin: Some Issues with Model Choice

    Farmer, Jim

    2010-01-01

    In Volume 23(2) of the "Australian Senior Mathematics Journal," Boncek and Harden present an exercise in fitting a Markov chain model to rainfall data for Darwin Airport (Boncek & Harden, 2009). Days are subdivided into those with precipitation and precipitation-free days. The author abbreviates these labels to wet days and dry days. It is…

  20. Materials Education: Opportunities over a Lifetime

    Anderson, Iver E.; Schwartz, Lyle H.; Faber, Katherine T.; Cargill III, G. Slade; Houston, Betsy

    2003-10-28

    A report, in the form of abbreviated notes, of the 17th Biennial Conference on National Materials Policy ''Materials Education: Opportunities over a Lifetime'' held May 20-21, 2002 in College Park, MD, sponsored by the Federation of Materials Societies and the University Materials Council.

  1. The Origins and Ideals of Water Resource Economics in the United States

    Griffin, Ronald C.

    2012-01-01

    An abbreviated history of water resource economics is reported within the context of coevolving water issues and the emerging institutions of the United States' past two centuries. Notable principles of water economics and their US origins are discussed. Some of the long-standing wisdom of the field is recalled. Landmarks for the founding doctrines of water marketing and efficient water pricing are identified.

  2. multiscale modelling of gas transport in fruit during controlled atmosphere storage

    Ho, Quang Tri

    2008-01-01

    Contents Acknowledgements iii Nederlandse samenvatting v Abstract ix Contents xiii Symbols and Abbreviations xix 1 General introduction 1 1.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 1.2 Respiration and postharvest storage technology . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.3 Gas transport routes in fruit tissue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.4 CA storage disorders of fruit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1.5 Modelling of gas ...

  3. An Introduction to the Psychedelic Psychotherapy of Salvador Roquet

    Villoldo, Alberto

    1977-01-01

    Psychosynthesis as developed by Salvador Roquet presents a new method combining Freudian, Frommian, and transpersonal therapies. Its immediate result is to obtain results expected from long-term psychoanalysis in an abbreviated period of time. It also helps the individual take responsibility for his own development. (Author/RK)

  4. Impacts of an ethanol-blended fuel release on groundwater and fate of produced methane: Simulation of field observations

    In a field experiment at Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB) designed to mimic the impact of a small-volume release of E10, two plumes were created by injecting extracted groundwater spiked with benzene, toluene, and o-xylene, abbreviated BToX (No-Ethanol Lane) and BToX plus ethanol...

  5. A Brief Analysis on Citation Forms of English Journal Titles in References of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine Journals

    Ren; Peng; Bai; Yongping; Guo; Yunyan; Cheng; Jinhua; Li; Shuchao

    2014-01-01

    In this paper,the problems of citation forms of English journal titles in references of animal science and veterinary medicine journals were described and analyzed. And the English names of animal science and veterinary medicine journals and corresponding abbreviations were listed for reference by authors.

  6. ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES - BASIC TERMINOLOGY IN ADVERTISING

    MANUELA FLORENTINA GORDEAN

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a short list of some of the most common words and phrases in advertising, the key language in the field, along with their meanings and a summarized explanation. In some of the cases, they come with their abbreviations, their Romanian translation and, of course, some practical examples for the students.

  7. Google+ and the Commodification of Cool

    Thomas, Lisa Carlucci

    2011-01-01

    This summer's "make a statement" statement was simple to understand: "I have moved." Facebook friends and colleagues marked their mass exodus from the social networking giant with these words as they left to start a new colony of peers on the newly announced Google+ (Google Plus). G+, as it is abbreviated, offered an appealing alternative from the…

  8. Federal Agency for Limnology. Annual report 1991

    The Federal Agency for Limnology (BfG) reports on its research and activities in 1991. Contents: environmental impact statement and environmental impact investigations in the area of the federal waterways, report of activities, research projects, list of scientific staff, publications, committee activities, science lectures, list of abbreviations and organization plan. (BBR)

  9. Federal Agency for Limnology. Annual report 1990

    The Federal Agency for Limnology (BfG) reports on its research and activities in 1990. Contents: the former institute for water management as new Berlin branch office of BfG, report of activities, research projects, list of scientific staff, publications, committee activities, science lectures, list of abbreviations and organization plan. (BBR)

  10. Regulating energy levies under discussion

    In the last two years several institutes advised on a regulating levy for energy. Several variants are compared and the critical remarks are analyzed. In particular a progressive levy, as suggested by the Dutch Scientific Council for the Government Policy (WRR, abbreviated in Dutch), opens new perspectives. 1 tab., 27 refs

  11. Micro-PIC. A Simple Form of the Profile of Interaction in the Classroom.

    Forbes, Joan

    The Profile of Interaction in the Classroom (PIC) is a feedback method of interaction analysis, based on the Flanders System, created for supervisors of pre-service and in-service teacher education. The Micro-PIC is an abbreviated simplified form for analysis of shorter periods of interaction, particularly in microteaching. The Micro-PIC…

  12. Lecturer Perspectives on Dyslexia and Dyslexic Students within One Faculty at One University in England

    Cameron, Harriet; Nunkoosing, Karl

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore lecturers' experiences with and perspectives on dyslexia and dyslexic students to inform the wider debate about the issues of dyslexia support in higher education. Data were collected and analysed using an abbreviated constructivist grounded theory method. Participants were categorised as "positive", "neutral";…

  13. Documentation of the status of international geothermal power plants and a list by country of selected geothermally active governmental and private sector entities

    1992-10-01

    This report includes the printouts from the International Geothermal Power Plant Data Base and the Geothermally Active Entity Data Base. Also included are the explanation of the abbreviations used in the power plant data base, maps of geothermal installations by country, and data base questionnaires and mailing lists.

  14. The Effects of Textisms on Learning, Study Time, and Instructional Perceptions in an Online Artificial Intelligence Instructional Module

    Beasley, Robert; Bryant, Nathan L.; Dodson, Phillip T.; Entwistle, Kevin C.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of textisms (i.e., abbreviated spellings, acronyms, and other shorthand notations) on learning, study time, and instructional perceptions in an online artificial intelligence instructional module. The independent variable in this investigation was experimental condition. For the control…

  15. Photodynamic Effects of Pterin on HeLa Cells

    Denofrio, M. Paula; Lorente, Carolina; Breitenbach, Thomas;

    2011-01-01

    Pterins, heterocyclic compounds widespread in biological systems, participate in relevant biological processes and are able to act as photosensitizers. In the present study, we ascertained that 2-aminopteridin-4(3H)-one, abbreviated as Ptr, is readily incorporated into and ⁄ or onto cervical canc...

  16. Assessing Giftedness in Children: Comparing the Accuracy of Three Shortened Measures of Intelligence to the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, Fifth Edition

    Newton, Jocelyn H.; McIntosh, David E.; Dixon, Felicia; Williams, Tasha; Youman, Elizabeth

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the accuracy of three shortened measures of intelligence: the Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Cognitive Ability, Third Edition Brief Intellectual Ability (WJ III COG BIA) score; the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale, Fifth Edition Abbreviated IQ (SB5 ABIQ); and the Kaufman Brief Intelligence Test IQ Composite (K-BIT) in predicting…

  17. High performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis of high antioxidant australian fruits with antiproliferative activity against cancer cells

    Joseph Sirdaarta

    2016-01-01

    Abbreviations used: DPPH: di (phenyl- (2,4,6-trinitrophenyl iminoazanium, HPLC: High-performance liquid chromatography, IC50: The concentration required to inhibit by 50%, LC50: The concentration required to achieve 50% mortality, MS: Mass spectrometry. Ian Edwin Cock

  18. Electricity restructuring and nuclear power renewal in Ontario: A glossary and list of acronyms. Backgrounder Number 13

    This glossary is arranged in alphabetical order in three sections: Electrical planning and generation terms; electrical power and nuclear generation acronyms and abbreviations; and radiological quantities and units. The glossary provides a handy reference for those interested in policy issues involving the electricity sector

  19. Proceedings of the 14. International cancer congress held at Budapest, Hungary, 21-27 Aug 1986 v. 2, v. 3

    The volumes contain abbreviated forms or abstracts of lectures and contributions delivered at the 14th International Cancer Congress held between 21-27 August, 1986 in Budapest, Hungary. Altogether, more than 5000 papers were presented. About 250 items falling in the INIS scope are indexed separately. Volumes 2 and 3 contain about 3000 titles with abstracts of the majority of papers. (author)

  20. Strength and fatigue testing of large size wind turbines rotors. Vol. II: Full size natural vibration and static strength test, a reference case

    Arias, F.; Soria, E.

    1996-12-01

    This report shows the methods and procedures selected to define a strength test for large size wind turbine, anyway in particular it application on a 500 kW blade and it results obtained in the test carried out in july of 1995 in Asinel`s test plant (Madrid). Henceforth, this project is designed in an abbreviate form whit the acronym SFAT. (Author)

  1. A Layperson's Guide to Legal Research.

    Garrison, Judy; Hickey, LadyJane; Stillman, Garry; Wise, Steven

    This document provides a layperson's introductory guide to researching primary legal materials, as well as using secondary research tools, in the Sarita Kenedy East Law Library at St. Mary's University (Texas). The guide includes the following sections: (1) Guide to Legal Abbreviations; (2) How To Find a Law Journal Article; (3) Legal Dictionaries…

  2. 78 FR 73199 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Bioequivalence Studies With Pharmacokinetic Endpoints for Drugs...

    2013-12-05

    ... Pharmacokinetic Endpoints for Drugs Submitted Under an Abbreviated New Drug Application; Availability AGENCY: Food... Pharmacokinetic Endpoints for Drugs Submitted Under an ANDA.'' This guidance provides recommendations to... Studies With Pharmacokinetic Endpoints for Drugs Submitted Under an ANDA.'' The guidance is applicable...

  3. Source-Message-Receiver in Integrated Marketing Communication

    Broussard, Sharee LeBlanc

    2011-01-01

    This is an abbreviation of the author's dissertation. Because integrated marketing communication (IMC) research has traditionally been problematic, this study used an existing scale to determine that higher educational institutional advancement (alumni, marketing-communications, development) is an appropriate venue to study the process model of…

  4. 21 CFR 314.161 - Determination of reasons for voluntary withdrawal of a listed drug.

    2010-04-01

    ... after the drug has been voluntarily withdrawn from sale, but must be made: (1) Prior to approving an... withdrawn from sale and abbreviated new drug applications that referred to the listed drug have been... withdrawn from sale. (c) If the agency determines that a listed drug is withdrawn from sale for safety...

  5. 76 FR 51037 - Determination That Halflytely and Bisacodyl Tablets Bowel Prep Kit (Containing Two Bisacodyl...

    2011-08-17

    ... sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. The Agency will not accept or approve abbreviated new drug... drug was withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness (21 CFR 314.162). Under Sec. 314... sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness before an ANDA that refers to that listed drug may...

  6. Top 12 Be-Attitudes of Netiquette for Academicians

    Berk, Ronald A.

    2011-01-01

    The term "netiquette" is the abbreviation for "network etiquette." It is derived from two French words: "net," meaning "bucket," and "iquette," meaning "of doilies." It is not new, dating back to 1983, but it certainly deserves the attention of both veteran and newbie Internet users, especially academicians. Rules for corresponding on the Internet…

  7. Impacts of ethanol-blended fuels release on groundwater aquifers and fate of produced methane: Simulation of field observations

    In a field experiment at Vandenberg Air Force Base (VAFB) designed to mimic the impact of a small-volume release of E10, two plumes were created by injecting extracted groundwater spiked with benzene, toluene, and o-xylene, abbreviated BToX (No-Ethanol Lane) and BToX plus ethanol...

  8. Electrochemistry as a Tool for Study, Delvelopment and Promotion of Catalytic Reactions

    Petrushina, Irina

    of Fermi level by electrochemical production of promoters, reducing or oxidizing current carriers of the catalyst support (O2-, H+, Na+). This type1 was abbreviated as EEPP. In Capters 4-7, the results of my research are given as examples of use of electrochemistry as a tool for study, promotion and...

  9. 75 FR 43889 - Proposed Confidentiality Determinations for Data Required Under the Mandatory Greenhouse Gas...

    2010-07-27

    ... Characteristics'' consist of the following data elements: The location of the mass flow meter in the process chain... under the Clean Air Act'' (75 FR 39094). Acronyms and Abbreviations. The following acronyms and... Special Rules Governing Certain Information Obtained under the Clean Air Act'' (75 FR 39094),...

  10. Specification requirements summary for the Brayton Isotope Power System (BIPS) Ground Demonstration System (GDS)

    Thompson, E.E.

    1976-02-10

    This document provides a summary of the required program specifications and procedures for the ERDA Phase I Brayton Isotope Power System (BIPS) Program. Also included are document definitions, descriptions, and formats, and a listing of commonly used abbreviations. This document is intended to be used as a guide in document preparation and control.

  11. Glossary to ARCH (GARCH)

    Bollerslev, Tim

    The literature on modeling and forecasting time-varying volatility is ripe with acronyms and abbreviations used to describe the many different parametric models that have been put forth since the original linear ARCH model introduced in the seminal Nobel Prize winning paper by Engle (1982).  The...... figure especially prominently in the ARCH literature....

  12. 40 CFR 442.2 - General definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... addition to the general definitions and abbreviations at 40 CFR part 401, the following definitions shall... grain, soybeans, soy meal, soda ash, lime, fertilizer, plastic pellets, flour, sugar, and similar... in Table IB at 40 CFR 136.3, are defined as follows: (1) BOD 5 means 5-day biochemical oxygen...

  13. The spatial emergence of laser-induced periodic surface structures under lateral displacement irradiation conditions

    Eichstädt, Justus

    2015-01-01

    Recently, laser-induced periodic surface structures, abbreviated LIPSS, gained interest, because potential applications are seen in the field of surface functionalisation. The feasibility to produce LIPSS and the potential to influence surface functionality have been shown. But so far, the implement

  14. Nonverbal Communication Skills in Young Children with Autism

    Chiang, Chung-Hsin; Soong, Wei-Tsuen; Lin, Tzu-Ling; Rogers, Sally J.

    2008-01-01

    Objective: The study was to examine nonverbal communication in young children with autism. Methods: The participants were 23 young children with autism (mean CA = 32.79 months), 23 CA and MA-matched children with developmental delay and 22 18-20-month-old, and 22 13-15-month-old typically developing toddlers and infants. The abbreviated Early…

  15. A Bibliography of Theatrical Craftsmanship, 1972.

    Moe, Christian; Raphael, Jay E.

    With the emphasis on live performance and related stage techniques, this bibliography consists of entries taken primarily from well-known and easily obtainable English language periodicals and journals. Information for each entry includes author, title, abbreviation of source, issue, month (or season), and pagination. Six major areas are covered:…

  16. Konfirmační faktorová analýza české verze zkráceného "revidovaného Eysenckova osobnostního dotazníku" na vzorku českých studentů

    Navrátil, Marek; McGuckin, C.; Lewis, Ch. A.; Shevlin, M.; Francis, L. J.

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 47, č. 5 (2003), s. 451-459. ISSN 0009-062X Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7025918 Keywords : Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised Abbreviated * confirmatory factor analysis Subject RIV: AN - Psychology Impact factor: 0.232, year: 2003

  17. The Effects of Electronic Communication on American Sign Language

    Schneider, Erin; Kozak, L. Viola; Santiago, Roberto; Stephen, Anika

    2012-01-01

    Technological and language innovation often flow in concert with one another. Casual observation by researchers has shown that electronic communication memes, in the form of abbreviations, have found their way into spoken English. This study focuses on the current use of electronic modes of communication, such as cell smartphones, and e-mail, and…

  18. A Progressive Grammar of the Tamil Language.

    Arden, A. H.; Clayton, A. C.

    The first chapter of this grammar of prose Tamil introduces the alphabet and orthography. Following chapters deal with parts of speech and verb constructions. A final chapter deals with colloquialisms and foreign words. Appended are lists of abbreviations, grammatical and temporal terms, and other information useful to the student, as well as a…

  19. Temporal Correlates of Dogmatism

    Cottle, Thomas J.

    1971-01-01

    A study is reported of the relationships between an abbreviated dogmatism scale, two dogmatism subscales, and perceptions of time. Among the conclusions, it was found that for men and women, dogmatism relates to anxiety about time, a reduction in the present's and future's importance, and an emphasis on the past. (Author)

  20. Cross reference index for equipment catalog and evaluation guide

    MITRE has prepared for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission a Catalog of Physical Protection Equipment and a Guide for Evaluation of Physical Protection Equipment. The information contained in the volume includes reference material for both documents: a cross-reference index by manufacturer, a cross-reference index by equipment category, a list of manufacturers and a glossary of abbreviations and terms

  1. An Interview with Prof.Guy Cook

    Bao Tianren

    2010-01-01

    @@ Prof.Bao Tianren(Abbreviated as Bao):Prof.Cook,thank you for the arrangement of our meeting.You were invited to the 4th International Conference of IATEFL China last year,but you did not come to that conference.

  2. 78 FR 60137 - Shipping and Transportation; Technical, Organizational, and Conforming Amendments

    2013-09-30

    .... Abbreviations CFR Code of Federal Regulations DHS Department of Homeland Security E.O. Executive Order FR... the definition of ``fixed fire-extinguishing system'' in 46 CFR 27.101 (77 FR 33861). Under the old..., 3703; 46 U.S.C. Chapter 701; E.O. 12234, 45 FR 58801, 3 CFR, 1980 Comp., p. 277; Department of...

  3. A Framework for Global Electronic Commerce: An Executive Summary.

    Office of the Press Secretary of the White House

    1997-01-01

    An abbreviated version of a longer policy document on electronic commerce released by the Clinton Administration, this article examines principles and recommendations on tariffs, taxes, electronic payment systems, uniform commercial code for electronic commerce, intellectual property protection, privacy, security, telecommunications infrastructure…

  4. Completion of a Dislocated Metric Space

    P. Sumati Kumari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We provide a construction for the completion of a dislocated metric space (abbreviated d-metric space; we also prove that the completion of the metric associated with a d-metric coincides with the metric associated with the completion of the d-metric.

  5. On tne Existing Mode of Literature in the Context of Modern Media

    2007-01-01

    <正>Specialty:Theory of Literature This dissertation aims to illustrate the existing mode of literature(abbreviated as EML in this paper) as the basic theoretical issue of literature.It means to construct a kind of concrete being in the present social and cultural context instead of a true

  6. 37 CFR 1.401 - Definitions of terms under the Patent Cooperation Treaty.

    2010-07-01

    ... the Patent Cooperation Treaty. 1.401 Section 1.401 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES... Cooperation Treaty. (a) The abbreviation PCT and the term Treaty mean the Patent Cooperation Treaty. (b...) Administrative Instructions means that body of instructions for operating under the Patent Cooperation...

  7. 76 FR 35173 - Validation of Merchant Mariners' Vital Information and Issuance of Coast Guard Merchant Mariner's...

    2011-06-16

    ... should be acknowledged as the opportunity cost of the individual's wages. Five commenters said the costs... FR 3316). Public Meeting We do not now plan to hold a public meeting. But you may submit a request... of this notice. Abbreviations Sec. Section symbol FR Federal Register MMD Merchant Mariner's...

  8. Supporting First Grade Students Learning Number Facts up to 10 Using a Parrot Game

    Putra, Zetra Hainul; Darmawijoyo; Putri, Ratu Ilma Indra; den Hertog, Jaap

    2011-01-01

    Knowing number facts up to 10 become crucial if we want students to solve addition and subtraction problems using more abbreviated strategies. Otherwise, students will keep counting one-by-one until they get an answer. One of important number facts is number pairs that make ten because it is an important "benchmark" that students will…

  9. Psychometric Properties of Work-Related Behavior and Experience Patterns (AVEM) Scale

    Gencer, R. Timucin; Boyacioglu, Hayal; Kiremitci, Olcay; Dogan, Birol

    2010-01-01

    "Work-Related Behaviour and Experience Patterns" (AVEM) has been developed with the intention of determining the occupation related behaviour and lifestyle models of professionals. This study has been conducted to test the validity and reliability of MEDYAM, the abbreviated Turkish equivalent of AVEM. 373 teachers from 10 different primary and…

  10. Perceived Usefulness of Learning Strategies by Children with Tourette Syndrome Plus, Their Parents and Their Teachers

    Thomas, Roger; Carroll, Alan; Chomin, Elizabeth; Williamson, Tyler; Beran, Tanya; Palacios-Derflingher, Luz; Drummond, Neil

    2013-01-01

    Objective: Children with Tourette syndrome and other co-morbidities (abbreviated hereafter to TS+) experience significant learning difficulties. We wished to identify educational strategies that these students, their parents and teachers considered useful. Design: An "educational toolkit" was compiled of 84 strategies identified by teachers of TS+…

  11. Three-electrode current-voltage measurements on erbia-stabilized bismuth oxide with sputtered noble metal electrodes

    Vinke, I.C.; Boukamp, B.A.; Vries, de K.J.; Burggraaf, A.J.

    1992-01-01

    The anodic and cathodic polarization behaviour of sputtered porous gold electrodes on (Bi2O3)0.75(Er2O3)0.25 (abbreviated BE25) was studied as function of temperature and oxygen partial pressure using a three-electrode cell. The anodic polarization is smaller than the cathodic polarization, allowing

  12. Earthquakes in the Federal Republic of Germany in 1983

    The report summarizes the regional reports of the seismological observatories for the year 1983. There was no serious earthquake so far in the F.R.G. The data are presented in the form of maps showing the seismic centers in West Germany (including marginal regions). Explanations of seismological terminology and abbreviations used are given for the general reader. (DG)

  13. 78 FR 63208 - UPDATE-Meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force)

    2013-10-23

    ... Epidemiology, Analysis, and Library Services; Center for Surveillance, Epidemiology and Laboratory Services... Services Task Force (Task Force) AGENCY: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Department of... Force (Task Force). The in-person Task Force meeting is being replaced by an abbreviated conference...

  14. Vacation Study Abroad 2000/2001: 50th Anniversary Edition of IIE's Complete Guide to Summer and Short-Term Study.

    Steen, Sara J., Ed.

    This guide provides descriptions of 2,239 summer and short-term study-abroad opportunities that range in length from one week to several months. Introductory material provides information on the Institute of International Education (IIE), IIE publications, how to use the guide, abbreviations, planning for study abroad, additional resources for…

  15. 78 FR 49693 - Speech-to-Speech and Internet Protocol (IP) Speech-to-Speech Telecommunications Relay Services...

    2013-08-15

    ... Rulemaking, published at 73 FR 47120, August 13, 2008 (2008 STS NPRM). The Commission sought comment on... Abbreviated Dialing Arrangements, CC Docket No. 92-105, Report and Order, published at 65 FR 54799, September... COMMISSION 47 CFR Part 64 Speech-to-Speech and Internet Protocol (IP) Speech-to-Speech...

  16. Ten years of applied labour market research at the Hanze University of Applied Sciences Groningen

    Lieshout, Harm van

    2014-01-01

    Opening chapter of the English version of the book 'Energieke Arbeid' published by the Centre of Applied Labour Market Research and Innovation (durch abbreviation: KCA) to celebrate the 10th anniversary of applied labour market research at Hanze University of Applied Sciences. This first chapter takes a brief look back at the development of KCA over the past ten years.

  17. Labour and Health

    Polstra, Louis

    2014-01-01

    Second chapter of the English version of the book 'Energieke Arbeid' published by the Centre of Applied Labour Market Research and Innovation (durch abbreviation: KCA) to celebrate the 10th anniversary of applied labour market research at Hanze University of Applied Sciences. This chapter (by dr. Louis Polstra) discussses the first of two lines of research of KCA: Healthy Ageing & Work.

  18. Epilogue

    Lieshout, Harm van; Polstra, Louis

    2014-01-01

    Brief epilogue to the English version of the book 'Energieke Arbeid' published by the Centre of Applied Labour Market Research and Innovation (durch abbreviation: KCA) to celebrate the 10th anniversary of applied labour market research at Hanze University of Applied Sciences.

  19. Psychological Adjustment and Neuropsychological Performance in Diabetic Patients.

    Skenazy, Judy A.; Bigler, Erin D.

    1985-01-01

    Compared diabetic (N=39) with nondiabetic chronic illness patients (N=20) and healthy controls (N=24). The chronic illness and the diabetic groups had significant elevations on the Hypochondriasis, Depression, and Hysteria scales of the Feschingbauer Abbreviated MMPI. For diabetics, results demonstrated a negligible effect of poor adjustment on…

  20. The Effect of Modifying Spelling Rules on the Orthography Education

    Koc, Rasit

    2014-01-01

    The current study examined four different orthography guides prepared by Turkish Language Society between 1996 and 2012. These orthography guides included different spellings in words with capital letters, compound words, abbreviations, and some other words. The spelling differences defined were analyzed in groups. Different spelling preferences…

  1. Cross reference index for equipment catalog and evaluation guide. Final report

    MITRE has prepared for the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission a Catalog of Physical Protection Equipment and a Guide for Evaluation of Physical Protection Equipment. The information contained in this volume includes reference material for both documents: a cross-reference index by equipment category, a list of manufacturers and a glossary of abbreviations and terms

  2. Student Satisfaction with Blended and Online Courses Based on Personality Type

    Bolliger, Doris U.; Erichsen, Elizabeth Anne

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to investigate differences in perceived student satisfaction in blended and online learning environments based on personality type. A total of 72 graduate students enrolled in blended and online courses at two research universities in the United States completed an abbreviated online version of the Myers-Briggs Type…

  3. An experimental randomized study of six different ventilatory modes in a piglet model with normal lungs

    Nielsen, J B; Sjöstrand, U H; Henneberg, S W

    1991-01-01

    -controlled intermittent positive-pressure ventilation; and SV-20P denotes pressure-controlled intermittent positive-pressure ventilation. With all modes of ventilation a PEEP of 7.5 cm H2O was used. In the abbreviations used, the number denotes the ventilatory frequency in breaths per minute (bpm). HFV indicates that all...

  4. Effects of multiple irradiations on luminescent materials and energy savings – A case study for the synthesis of BaMO4: Ln3+ (M = W, Mo; Ln = Eu, Tb) phosphors

    A novel supersonic microwave co-assistance method (abbreviated as SMC) was used to efficiently synthesize BaMO4: Ln3+ (M = W, Mo; Ln = Eu, Tb) red/green phosphors at low temperature (343 K) in 40 min. X-ray powder diffraction (abbreviated as XRD), scanning electronic microscope (abbreviated as SEM) and photoluminescent spectra techniques (abbreviated as PL) were used to characterize the phosphors. SEM images revealed that shuttle shaped structures were achieved. The fluorescence property of phosphors demonstrated that both BaWO4 and BaMoO4 are efficient matrixes to sensitize europium or terbium. The red/green emissions were greatly enhanced under the simultaneous supersonic and microwave irradiation. We considered that this facile and effective technique owns the advantages of saving energy and shortening reaction time in contrast to conventional methods which may be promising in fabricating luminescent materials. - Highlights: • A supersonic microwave co-assistance method was used and much energy has been saved. • All the synthetic conditions were controlled at low temperature (70 °C) in 40 min. • The composites exhibited red or green emissions

  5. The Sixty-Minute Shakespeare: "Romeo and Juliet."

    Foster, Cass

    Developed for theaters or classrooms that wish to present abbreviated versions of Shakespeare's plays without changing the language, this book presents an edited version of "Romeo and Juliet" suitable for presentation in one hour. The book also presents an affordable set design, sound and prop requirements, costume suggestions, definitions and…

  6. The 3TU Embedded Systems master in the Netherlands

    Smit, Gerard J.M.; Hoeven, van der Gerrit F.; Groote, Jan Friso; Otten, Ralph H.J.M.; Tonino, Hans; Juurlink, Ben H.H.; Haverkort, Boudewijn R.H.M.

    2009-01-01

    The three technical universities in the Netherlands (Eindhoven University of Technology, Delft University of Technology and University of Twente), abbreviated as 3TU, started a joint master on Embedded Systems in 2006. Embedded Systems is an interdisciplinary area of Electrical Engineering, Computer

  7. Selected Reference Books of 1991-92.

    McIlvaine, Eileen

    1992-01-01

    Reviews 20 selected reference works published in 1991 and 1992 with purchasing recommendations for academic libraries. Titles are grouped under the following headings: National Bibliographies, Abbreviations, Librarianship, Religion, Mythology, Literature, Music, Art and Architecture, Popular Culture, Women's Studies, Area Studies, and Health…

  8. Report style guide for subcontractors of the Efficiency and Renewables Research Section, Energy Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    Stone, T.A.; Bennett, M.N.

    1992-09-01

    This document has been paraphrased from the ORNL Document Preparation Guide (DPG). It is intended for use by Efficiency and Renewables Research Section, Energy Division, ORNL subcontractor reports so that review and editing effort can be minimized. Topics covered are typing instructions, document format, usage, abbreviations and acronyms, and standard editing marks.

  9. Efficacy of oral curcuminoid fraction from curcuma xanthorrhiza and curcuminoid cider in high-cholesterol fed rats

    Flavia Maria Mauren

    2016-01-01

    Abbreviations Used: ROS: Reactive oxygen species, NO: Nitric oxide, NOS: NO synthase, NADPH: Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate, CD44: Cluster of differentiation 44, ICAM-1: Intercellular adhesion molecule 1, iNOS: inducible NOS, LOX-1: lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor-1, HMG-CoA: 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A, 5-HMF: 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, HCD: High-cholesterol diet

  10. 21 CFR 314.104 - Drugs with potential for abuse.

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Drugs with potential for abuse. 314.104 Section... and Abbreviated Applications § 314.104 Drugs with potential for abuse. The Food and Drug... appears to have an abuse potential....

  11. Update of data on decision making of test drills in the North Sea coastal area. Outlines

    For activities that will have environmental impacts there exists a legal commitment in the Netherlands to draw up a so-called Environmental Effect Report (MER, abbreviated in Dutch). In this publication supplementary information is given on a previous MER with respect to exploratory drillings for natural gas in the title area. 8 refs

  12. Duration Calculus: Logical Foundations

    Hansen, Michael Reichhardt; Chaochen, Zhou

    1997-01-01

    The Duration Calculus (abbreviated DC) represents a logical approach to formal design of real-time systems, where real numbers are used to model time and Boolean valued functions over time are used to model states and events of real-time systems. Since it introduction, DC has been applied to many...

  13. 40 CFR 407.61 - Specialized definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... provided below, the general definitions, abbreviations and methods of analysis set forth in 40 CFR part 401... cucumbers and other vegetables at salting stations or tankyards, by salt and other chemical additions... requiring various other pre-processed food ingredients. (v) The term medium shall mean a point source...

  14. Impact of Anaphoric Resolution in Information Retrieval. Final Report.

    Katzer, Jeffrey; And Others

    This project examines anaphora (the linguistic device of abbreviated subsequent reference to a concept) in information retrieval (IR) systems in order to develop procedures to recognize anaphors in text and distinguish between anaphoric and non-anaphoric uses of a given term, estimate the number of anaphors appearing in bibliographic records, and…

  15. Lol: New Language and Spelling in Instant Messaging

    Varnhagen, Connie K.; McFall, G. Peggy; Pugh, Nicole; Routledge, Lisa; Sumida-MacDonald, Heather; Kwong, Trudy E.

    2010-01-01

    Written communication in instant messaging, text messaging, chat, and other forms of electronic communication appears to have generated a "new language" of abbreviations, acronyms, word combinations, and punctuation. In this naturalistic study, adolescents collected their instant messaging conversations for a 1-week period and then completed a…

  16. Data communications pocket book

    Tooley, Michael

    2014-01-01

    Data Communications Pocket Book, Second Edition presents information relevant to data communication. The book provides tabulated reference materials with a brief description and diagrams. The coverage of the text includes abbreviations, terminal control codes, and conversion tables. The text will be of great use to individuals involved in the interconnection of computer systems.

  17. M-Learning and Technological Literacy: Analyzing Benefits for Apprenticeship

    Cortés, Carlos Manuel Pacheco; Cortés, Adriana Margarita Pacheco

    2014-01-01

    The following study consists on comparative literature review conducted by several researchers and instructional designers; for a wide comprehension of Mobile-Learning (abbreviated "M-Learning") as an educational platform to provide "anytime-anywhere" access to interactions and resources on-line, and "Technological…

  18. Macroporous poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate) resins-Versatile immobilization supports for biocatalysts

    Miletic, Nemanja; Vukovic, Zorica; Nastasovic, Aleksandra; Loos, Katja; Miletić, Nemanja; Vuković, Zorica; Nastasović, Aleksandra

    2009-01-01

    Crosslinked macroporous hydrophilic poly(glycidyl methacrylate-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate)s [abbreviated poly(GMA-co-EGDMA)] with identical chemical structure (60% of glycidyl methacrylate) but with varied average pore sizes (from 30 to 560 nm), specific surface areas (from 13.2 to 106.0 m(2)

  19. FDA approved radiopharmaceuticals

    FDA is the abbreviation of American Food and Drug Administration. It s main job is assuring the safety and reliability of the food, cosmetics, medicines, medical devices and radiation emitting products such as microwave oven, the food and medicine for animals. Radiopharmaceuticals are also under its management. The basic information of FDA and FDA approved radiopharmaceuticals are introduced

  20. Historicity in development

    Lyra, Maria C. D. P.; Valsiner, Jaan

    2011-01-01

    Human development entails the establishment, widening, and abbreviation of new behavioural and psychological phenomena. This leads to the central role of historicity in developmental science—a look at presently happening events in terms of their constructive borrowing from the past and anticipati...

  1. Using "Monopoly" to Introduce Concepts of Race and Ethnic Relations

    Waren, Warren

    2011-01-01

    In this paper I suggest a technique which uses the familiar Parker Brother's game "Monopoly" to introduce core concepts of race and ethnic relations. I offer anecdotes from my classes where an abbreviated version of the game is used as an analog to highlight the sociological concepts of direct institutional discrimination, the legacy of…

  2. XRD Analysis of ZLO/Glass Cell Structure

    Growth of Li doped zinc oxide was performed on corning glass substrate (abbreviated ZLO). XRD technique was employed to study the structural properties of ZLO film. According to the results obtained, the Li-ion was partially occupied by Zn-site.

  3. 76 FR 59023 - Oral Dosage Form New Animal Drugs; Tylosin

    2011-09-23

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 520 Oral Dosage Form New Animal Drugs; Tylosin AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of an original abbreviated new...

  4. 76 FR 40808 - Oral Dosage Form New Animal Drugs; Amprolium

    2011-07-12

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 520 Oral Dosage Form New Animal Drugs; Amprolium AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of an original abbreviated new...

  5. 75 FR 79295 - New Animal Drugs; Mupirocin

    2010-12-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Parts 510 and 524 New Animal Drugs; Mupirocin AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of an abbreviated new animal...

  6. 78 FR 24754 - Guidance for Industry on Regulatory Classification of Pharmaceutical Co-Crystals; Availability

    2013-04-26

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a guidance for industry entitled ``Regulatory Classification of Pharmaceutical Co-Crystals.'' This guidance provides applicants of new drug applications (NDAs) and abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) with the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research's (CDER's) current thinking on the appropriate regulatory......

  7. 76 FR 75551 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Regulatory Classification of Pharmaceutical Co-Crystals; Availability

    2011-12-02

    ...The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a draft guidance for industry entitled ``Regulatory Classification of Pharmaceutical Co-Crystals.'' This draft guidance provides applicants of new drug applications (NDAs) and abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) with the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research's (CDER's) current thinking on the appropriate......

  8. Vegetarian Students in Their First Year of College: Are They at Risk for Restrictive or Disordered Eating Behaviors?

    Trautmann, Julianne; Rau, Stephanie I.; Wilson, Mardell A.; Walters, Connor

    2008-01-01

    This study compared restrictive and disordered eating behaviors in vegetarian versus non-vegetarian first-year college students. The Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ) and the abbreviated Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) were used to assess eating behaviors (n=330). The mean restrictive DEBQ and the EAT-26 scores of vegetarians were…

  9. IQ and Neuropsychological Predictors of Academic Achievement

    Mayes, Susan Dickerson; Calhoun, Susan L.; Bixler, Edward O.; Zimmerman, Dennis N.

    2009-01-01

    Word reading and math computation scores were predicted from Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence Full Scale IQ, 10 neuropsychological tests, and parent attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) ratings in 214 general population elementary school children. IQ was the best single predictor of achievement. In addition, Digit Span…

  10. On the Competition Problems of IPhO 39 in Vietnam

    Khoi, Nguyen The; Tu, Pham Quy; Don, Dam Trung

    2009-01-01

    We report on the competition problems given at the 39th International Physics Olympiad held in Hanoi, Vietnam, which consist of three theoretical and one experimental problems. The abbreviated solutions are presented. The distribution of marks for the problems is also shown. (Contains 2 tables and 8 figures.)

  11. Proceedings: Community Leader's Litter Control Workshop (Painesville, Ohio, December 2, 1981). Bulletin 694.

    Rohrer, John D., Ed.; Heimlich, Joe E., Ed.

    Proceedings from a workshop for community leaders on litter control held in Painesville, Ohio on December 2, 1981 are presented. Complete and abbreviated texts of the different sessions provide an overview of litter control information, issues, and programs in Ohio. Topics covered include results from a statewide study of the amount and content of…

  12. The eighth conference of Czechoslovak physicists. Part I. Vol. 2

    The second volume of Part I of the conference proceedings contains abbreviated versions of contributed papers from the fields of dielectrics, magnetism, low temperature physics, acoustics, optics, physics of thin films and surfaces, of liquid and dispersion systems, chemical physics and biophysics, geophysics, astrophysics, health physics, computer physics and physics instruction, of which 14 were inputted in INIS. (A.K.)

  13. 75 FR 80014 - Drivers of CMVs: Restricting the Use of Cellular Phones

    2010-12-21

    ... many of the risks associated with real world driving; Naturalistic driving studies use cameras and instrumentation in participants' vehicles to provide a clear picture of driver distraction under real-world... Management System published in the Federal Register on January 17, 2008 (73 FR 3316). II. Abbreviations...

  14. Strength and fatigue testing of large size wind turbines rotors. Volume II. Full size natural vibration and static strength test, a reference case

    This report shows the methods and procedures selected to define a strength test for large size wind turbine, anyway in particularly it application on a 500 kW blade and it results obtained in the test carried out in july of 1995 in Asinel test plant (Madrid). Henceforth, this project is designed in an abbreviate form whit the acronym SFAT. (Author)

  15. Social Cognitive Career Theory, Conscientiousness, and Work Performance: A Meta-Analytic Path Analysis

    Brown, Steven D.; Lent, Robert W.; Telander, Kyle; Tramayne, Selena

    2011-01-01

    We performed a meta-analytic path analysis of an abbreviated version of social cognitive career theory's (SCCT) model of work performance (Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994). The model we tested included the central cognitive predictors of performance (ability, self-efficacy, performance goals), with the exception of outcome expectations. Results…

  16. OMG! L2spell Online: The Creative Vocabulary of Cyberlanguage s(~_^)--b

    Christopherson, Laura L.

    2013-01-01

    Increasing use of the Internet has led to a proliferation of online communication and information sharing media. These media, each with its own set of affordances and limitations, are thought to encourage new ways to communicate. Interlocutors refashion general English into abbreviated and often pictographic representations of existing concepts.…

  17. 49 CFR 171.10 - Units of measure.

    2010-10-01

    ... abbreviated. (c) Conversion values. (1) Conversion values are provided in the following table and are based on values provided in ASTM E 380, “Standard for Metric Practice”. (2) If an exact conversion is needed, the following conversion table should be used. Table of Conversion Factors for SI Units Measurement SI to...

  18. 40 CFR 52.741 - Control strategy: Ozone control measures for Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake, McHenry and Will Counties.

    2010-07-01

    ... emission sources is used to convert raw materials, feed stocks, subassemblies, or other components into a... Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF... following abbreviations are used in § 52.741: ASTMAmerican Society for Testing and Materials bblbarrels...

  19. 76 FR 54473 - Guidance on Positron Emission Tomography Drug Applications-Content and Format for New Drug...

    2011-09-01

    ..., 2011 (76 FR 6143), and Docket No. FDA- 2000-D-1542 was open for comments until April 4, 2011. The... Emission Tomography Drug Products,'' issued on March 10, 2000 (65 FR 13010). The February 3, 2011, revised...-- Content and Format for New Drug Applications and Abbreviated New Drug Applications; Availability...

  20. The Architectural Organization of Human Stem Cell Cycle Regulatory Machinery

    Stein, Gary S.; Stein, Janet L.; van Wijnen, Andre J.; Lian, Jane B.; Montecino, Martin; Medina, Ricardo(Instituto de Matemática e Computação, Universidade Federal de Itajubá, Itajubá, Minas Gerais, Brazil); Kapinas, Kristie; Ghule, Prachi; Grandy, Rodrigo; Zaidi, Sayyed K.; Becker, Klaus A.

    2012-01-01

    Two striking features of human embryonic stem cells that support biological activity are an abbreviated cell cycle and reduced complexity to nuclear organization. The potential implications for rapid proliferation of human embryonic stem cells within the context of sustaining pluripotency, suppressing phenotypic gene expression and linkage to simplicity in the architectural compartmentalization of regulatory machinery in nuclear microenvironments is explored. Characterization of the molecular...

  1. Self-Esteem and Attitudes toward Love in Abused and Non-Abused Women.

    Chambliss, Catherine; And Others

    This study sought to identify personality differences in abused versus non-abused women. Abused women (N=25) were from several centers for abused women and non-abused women (N=39) were students in evening psychology classes. All subjects completed Rubin's Love Scale, the abbreviated Dominance and Romanticism Scale, Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale,…

  2. RECONSTRUCTION OF DOSE TO THE RESIDENTS OF OZERSK FROM THE OPERATION OF THE MAYAK PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION: 1948-2002: Progress Report on Project 1.4

    This Progress Report for Project 1.4 of the U.S.-Russia Joint Coordinating Committee on Radiation Effects Research continues in the abbreviated format of providing details only on the work accomplished during this six-month reporting period.

  3. RECONSTRUCTION OF DOSE TO THE RESIDENTS OF OZERSK FROM THE OPERATION OF THE MAYAK PRODUCTION ASSOCIATION: 1948-2002: Progress Report on Project 1.4

    Mokrov, Y.; Rovny, Sergey I.; Anspaugh, L. R.; Napier, Bruce A.

    2009-10-23

    This Progress Report for Project 1.4 of the U.S.–Russia Joint Coordinating Committee on Radiation Effects Research continues in the abbreviated format of providing details only on the work accomplished during this six-month reporting period.

  4. Using the Autism-Spectrum Quotient to Measure Autistic Traits in Anorexia Nervosa: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    Westwood, Heather; Eisler, Ivan; Mandy, William; Leppanen, Jenni; Treasure, Janet; Tchanturia, Kate

    2016-01-01

    Interest in the link between Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Anorexia Nervosa (AN) has led to estimates of the prevalence of autistic traits in AN. This systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the use of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) or abbreviated version (AQ-10) to examine whether patients with AN have elevated levels of autistic…

  5. 77 FR 18689 - Changes to Standard Numbering System, Vessel Identification System, and Boating Accident Report...

    2012-03-28

    .... Abbreviations BARD Boating Accident Report Database DHS Department of Homeland Security FR Federal Register HIN... rulemaking (NPRM) bearing the same title as this final rule in the Federal Register (75 FR 25137). We... reopened the comment period to accept comments until October 15, 2010 (75 FR 49869, Aug. 16, 2010)....

  6. 21 CFR 314.81 - Other postmarketing reports.

    2010-04-01

    ... product by established name and by proprietary name. (3) The new drug application or abbreviated... advertisement for a prescription drug product. Mailing pieces and labeling that are designed to contain samples... Advertisements and Promotional Labeling for Drugs for Human Use) and is required to include a copy of the...

  7. 77 FR 26697 - New Animal Drugs; Change of Sponsor; Change of Sponsor Address; Change of Sponsor Name and...

    2012-05-07

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Parts 510 and 522 New Animal Drugs; Change of Sponsor... Administration, HHS. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal... that it has transferred ownership of, and all rights and interest in, abbreviated new animal...

  8. 40 CFR 205.2 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... Institute, Inc., 1430 Broadway, New York, New York 10018. (8) Sound Pressure Level means in decibels, 20... understood to be that of a root-mean-square pressure. The unit of any sound level is the decibel, having the unit symbol dB. (9) dB(A) means the standard abbreviation for A-weighted sound levels in decibels....

  9. Woordenboek Latijn / Nederlands

    Pinkster, Harm

    2005-01-01

    This completely revised second edition of the Latin/Dutch Dictionary is aimed at a non-professional readership. It features entries with irregular forms with redirections for the reader, a grammar appendix, a detailed list of abbreviations found in entries, a broad vocabulary based on classical text

  10. Integrated Science, Complex Physics, Psy-Physics

    Alexander Kundin

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This article will address some problems in the study of reality in a state of subjective-objective (abbreviated as SO dualism, structurally identical with the quantum superposition. Will form an idea of the SO-dualism, we approach the problem of experimental verification concepts psi-physics.

  11. 75 FR 20917 - New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds; Melengestrol, Monensin, and Ractopamine

    2010-04-22

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 558 New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds...: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of a supplemental abbreviated new animal drug application (ANADA) filed by Ivy Laboratories, Div....

  12. 76 FR 65109 - New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds; Melengestrol; Monensin; Tylosin

    2011-10-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 558 New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds... Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of a supplemental abbreviated new animal drug application (ANADA) filed by Ivy Laboratories, Division of Ivy...

  13. 76 FR 60721 - New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds; Melengestrol; Monensin

    2011-09-30

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 558 New Animal Drugs for Use in Animal Feeds... Drug Administration (FDA) is amending the animal drug regulations to reflect approval of a supplemental abbreviated new animal drug application (ANADA) filed by Ivy Laboratories, Division of Ivy Animal Health,...

  14. A Team-Sports-Based Life-Skills Program in a Physical Education Context

    Goudas, Marios; Giannoudis, Georgios

    2008-01-01

    The present study aimed at examining the effectiveness of a team-sports-based life-skills program taught as part of physical education lessons. One hundred sixty-five sixth and eighth graders were assigned either in an experimental or in a control group and received an abbreviated version of SUPER, a team-sports-based program. The program focused…

  15. The Effectiveness of Teaching a Life Skills Program in a Physical Education Context

    Goudas, Marios; Dermitzaki, Irini; Leondari, Aggeliki; Danish, Steven

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine the effectiveness of a life skills training program taught as part of physical education lessons. Seventy three, seventh grade students were assigned either in an experimental or in a wait-list control replication group and received an abbreviated version of GOAL, a school-based intervention designed…

  16. An impedance model of the relativistic heavy ion collider, RHIC

    This paper is an abbreviated version of a comprehensive and detailed analysis of RHIC instabilities soon to be published as a RHIC project report. It emphasises longitudinal impedance modeling and design choices in RHIC, wile a companion paper emphasises instability calculations

  17. Hydrogeochemical and stream sediment reconnaissance data display and listing for the Marfa NTMS Quadrangle, Texas

    An abbreviated form of the HSSR Basic Data Report, consisting of field and laboratory data for 181 groundwater and 219 stream sediment samples, for the Marfa Quadrangle, Texas is presented. Detailed geochemical projects were previously reported for parts of the Marfa Quadrangle, therefore, reconnaissance samples were collected in areas not included in the detailed geochemical projects

  18. 27 CFR 20.135 - State code numbers.

    2010-04-01

    ... the State abbreviation. For example, permit number SDA-CONN-1234 may be shown on the labels as SDA-07-1234. The code numbers for the respective State are as follows: 01—Alabama 02—Alaska 03—Arizona...

  19. Improving Students' Study Habits by Demonstrating the Mnemonic Benefits of Semantic Processing

    Bugg, Julie M.; DeLosh, Edward L.; McDaniel, Mark A.

    2008-01-01

    This article describes an in-class exercise that illustrates the advantage of semantic over nonsemantic study habits. The exercise includes a survey of students' current study strategies, followed by the presentation of an abbreviated version of Craik and Tulving's(1975) classic levels-of-processing experiment. We observed significant benefits of…

  20. 49 CFR 571.105 - Standard No. 105; Hydraulic and electric brake systems.

    2010-10-01

    ... word, words or abbreviation, in accordance with the requirements of Standard No. 101 (49 CFR 571.101... of brake fluid as specified in 49 CFR 571.116, e.g., “DOT 3”). The lettering shall be— (a... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Standard No. 105; Hydraulic and electric...

  1. Pharmacognostic screening of Piper trichostachyon fruits and its comparative analysis with Piper nigrum using chromatographic techniques

    Vinayak Upadhya

    2016-01-01

    Abbreviation used: HPTLC: High Performance Thin Layer Chromatography, RP-UFLC: Reversed phase-ultra fl ow liquid chromatographic analysis, DST: Length of line, Maj: Length of large half axis for ellipse RDS - radius for circle, Rf: Retention Factor, TS: Transverse Section, TLC: Thin Layer Chromatography.

  2. 24 CFR 570.441 - Citizen participation-insular areas.

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Citizen participation-insular areas...-Entitlement CDBG Grants in Hawaii and Insular Areas Programs § 570.441 Citizen participation—insular areas. (a) General. An insular area jurisdiction submitting an abbreviated consolidated plan under 24 CFR...

  3. The Multilingual Education (MLE) Network Phenomenon: Advocacy and Action for Minoritized Language Communities

    Trudell, Barbara

    2014-01-01

    This article examines a new phenomenon in language activism variously called the multilingual education working group or the multilingual education network, and abbreviated as MLEN. After an analysis of the conceptual and organizational contexts for these activist groups, the six MLENs in existence as of 2013 are described. The groups are then…

  4. Proceedings of the 14. International cancer congress held at Budapest, Hungary, 21-27 Aug 1986 v. 1

    The volume contains abbreviated forms or abstracts of lectures and contributions delivered at the 14th International Cancer Congress held between 21-27 August, 1986 in Budapest, Hungary. Altogether, more than 5000 papers were presented. About 250 items falling in the INIS scope are indexed separately. Volume 1 contains about 1840 titles with abstracts of the majority of papers. (R.P.)

  5. Open architecture for multilingual parallel texts

    Benitez, M T Carrasco

    2008-01-01

    Multilingual parallel texts (abbreviated to parallel texts) are linguistic versions of the same content ("translations"); e.g., the Maastricht Treaty in English and Spanish are parallel texts. This document is about creating an open architecture for the whole Authoring, Translation and Publishing Chain (ATP-chain) for the processing of parallel texts.

  6. Using SI Units in Mechanics.

    Meriam, J. L.

    This paper provides an historical account of the development of the International System of Units (SI), a complete listing of these units, and rules concerning their use and proper abbreviation. Ambiguities concerning the use of the system are explained. Appendices contain conversion factors for U.S. - British to SI units along with several…

  7. Dictionary/handbook of nuclear medicine and clinical imaging

    This book covers the following topics: Fundamentals of English medical etymology, Abbreviations, acronyms, symbols, denotations, and signs commonly used or defined in the dictionary, Characteristics of the elements, Characteristics of practicable radioisotopes and of selected radionuclides commonly used in nuclear medicine, Properties and production of radionuclides, Radioactive decay, Radiopharmaceuticals, and Radiation dosimetry

  8. Erectile function after radical prostatectomy

    Fode, Mikkel; Frey, Anders; Jakobsen, Henrik; Sønksen, Jens

    OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess postprostatectomy erectile function compared to preoperative status by subjective patient perception and the abbreviated International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) questionnaire. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study used data from a prospectively...

  9. 78 FR 34108 - Determination That SUBOXONE (Buprenorphine Hydrochloride and Naloxone Hydrochloride) Sublingual...

    2013-06-06

    ... Naloxone Hydrochloride) Sublingual Tablets, 2 Milligrams/0.5 Milligrams and 8 Milligrams/2 Milligrams, Were... (buprenorphine hydrochloride (HCl) and naloxone HCl) sublingual tablets, 2 milligrams (mg)/0.5 mg and 8 mg/2 mg... to approve abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for buprenorphine HCl and naloxone...

  10. Group Parent Training Combined with Follow-Up Coaching for Parents of Children with Developmental Delays

    Barton, Erin E.; Lissman, Dana Cohen

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relation between group training using an abbreviated version of the Incredible Years parent training with family coaching and positive parenting practices. Two at-­risk mothers and their young children with disabilities participated in the study. Both mothers were enrolled in a group parent training…

  11. Electronics Technology. Tech Prep Competency Profile.

    Lakeland Tech Prep Consortium, Kirtland, OH.

    This tech prep competency profile covers the occupation of electronics technician. Section 1 provides the occupation definition. Section 2 lists development committee members. Section 3 provides the leveling codes--abbreviations for grade level, (by the end of grade 12, by the end of associate degree), academic codes (communications, math, or…

  12. 32 CFR Appendix F to Part 516 - Glossary

    2010-07-01

    ... Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS LITIGATION Pt. 516, App. F Appendix F to Part 516—Glossary Abbreviations AAFES: Army and Air Force...: Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals AUSA: Assistant United States Attorney CFR: Code of...

  13. A Course in Baluchi. Volume Two

    Barker, Muhammad Abd-al-Rahman; Mengal, Aqil Khan

    Volume Two contains Units XXI through XXX of the Baluchi course. Unit XXI introduces the Arabic script as adapted for Baluchi. Special conventions, abbreviations, numerals, and punctuation symbols are discussed next, and several sections are devoted to the orthography of certain substantive and verbal affies. A series of reading drills which…

  14. Reexamining Michaelis-Menten Enzyme Kinetics for Xanthine Oxidase

    Bassingthwaighte, James B.; Chinn, Tamara M.

    2013-01-01

    Abbreviated expressions for enzyme kinetic expressions, such as the Michaelis-Menten (M-M) equations, are based on the premise that enzyme concentrations are low compared with those of the substrate and product. When one does progress experiments, where the solute is consumed during conversion to form a series of products, the idealized conditions…

  15. Towards a More Ecumenically Oriented Christianity in Africa. A Roman Catholic Contribution

    Uzochukwu, Peter

    2008-01-01

    TABLE OF CONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGMENTS..……………………………………………………….................ii SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY...........................................................................................viii ABBREVIATIONS................................................................................................................liv GENERAL INTRODUCTION.............................................................................................lv Issues at Hand: The Subject-Matter of the P...

  16. Religious Affect among Adolescents in a Multi-Faith Society: The Role of Personality and Religious Identity

    Village, Andrew; Francis, Leslie J.; Brockett, Adrian

    2011-01-01

    A sample of 3783 11- to 16-year-old secondary school pupils completed the Astley-Francis Scale of Attitude toward Theistic Faith and the abbreviated form of the Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised together with information on personal religious practice (prayer), public religious practice (attendance) and religious identity (secular,…

  17. The geochemical characteristics and oil-source rock correlation of oilshow from the Majiashan profile, Chaoxian County, South of Anhui Province

    TANG Youjun; WEN Zhigang; ZAN Ling

    2008-01-01

    In the future time the exploration of marine oil and gas will be one of the significant domains in China. In this paper the biomarker assemblage characteristics of oilshow in the Nanlinghu Formation of the Majiashan profile, which is located in Chaoxian County, south of Anhui Province, are described in the light of gas chromatography/mass spectrometric (GCMS) analysis on the qualitative and quantitative basis. Based on the investigation of the biomarker assemblage characteristics of possible source rocks developed in the area studied, a conclusion is drawn that the oilshow was generated from the Nanlinghu Formation source rocks (abbreviated as T1n), instead of the Qixia Formation source rocks (abbreviated as P1q). It is pointed out that the T1n is of strong potential for future oil exploration, and therefore much attention should be paid to it.

  18. Standardized evaluation of accident victims: demands on diagnostic trauma

    Introduction. Evaluation of trauma systems requires a complete and exact injury classification. The purpose of this study was the introduction of the Abbreviated injury scale (AIS) for radiological trauma scoring. The development of these easy to use coding tools is essential for prompt quality management of trauma.Material and methods. Standardized radiological injury description using a modified Abbreviated injury scale in combination with a Microsoft Excel trademark spreadsheet allows an immediate calculation of the probability of survival according to TRISS methodology.Results. Computed tomography is the main instrument for injury scoring in trauma care. Postmortem scanning provides a direct feedback for trauma teams especially in cases when autopsy is not possible.Conclusion. Computed tomography enables in combination with a standardized injury description exact trauma scoring. Quality management of trauma care depends on a valid and reliable calculation of the probability of survival using TRISS. (orig.)

  19. A one-mode-for-all predictor for text messaging

    Vimala Balakrishnan

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the enhancements made on the current mobile phone messaging software, namely the predictive text entry. In addition, the application also has a facility to abbreviate any unabbreviated words that exist in the dictionary, so that the message length can be reduced. The application was tested in a computer-simulated mobile environment and the results of the tests are presented here. These additional features will potentially enable users to send messages at a reduced length and thus reduce the cost of sending messages. Moreover, users who are not adept in using the abbreviations can now do so with features made available on their mobile phones. It is believed that these additional features will also encourage more users to use the predictive software as well as further improve users’ messaging satisfaction.

  20. Aging in relation to the environment; Vergrijzing nieuwe loot aan milieustam

    Kester, J. [ECN Duurzame Energie in de Gebouwde Omgeving DEGO, Petten (Netherlands)

    2005-01-01

    The aim of the NIDO-programme 'Growing old in your own home' (EOW, abbreviated in Dutch) of the National Initiative Sustainable Development (NIDO, abbreviated in Dutch) was to initiate and stimulate the development of sustainable houses for elderly people with more comfort and safety and low use of energy and materials, focusing on information and communication technology applications, also know as domotics. In this article an overview is given of the EOW programme, its contents and results. [Dutch] De afgelopen twee jaar hebben ouderen, woningcorporaties, zorginstellingen, onderzoekers en consultants zich verdiept in de praktische uitwerking van een duurzame toepassing van informatie- en communicatietechnologie in de huisvesting van ouderen. Dit gebeurde in het NIDO-programma 'In Eigen Omgeving Oud Worden'. De resultaten van dit programma zijn van belang voor alle partijen die betrokken zijn bij huisvesting voor senioren.