Sample records for a centers

  1. Tornadoes: A Center Approach.

    Christman-Rothlein, Liz; Meinbach, Anita M.


    Information is given on how to put together a learning center. Discusses information and activity packets for a complete learning center on tornadoes including objectives, directions, materials, photographs of physical arrangements, and posttest. (DC)

  2. Starting a sleep center.

    Epstein, Lawrence J; Valentine, Paul S


    The demand for sleep medicine services has grown tremendously during the last decade and will likely continue. To date, growth in demand has been met by growth in the number of new sleep centers. The need for more new centers will be dependent on market drivers that include increasing regulatory requirements, personnel shortages, integration of home sleep testing, changes in reimbursement, a shift in emphasis from diagnostics to treatment, and an increased consumer focus on sleep. The decision to open a new center should be based on understanding the market dynamics, completing a market analysis, and developing a business plan. The business plan should include an overview of the facility, a personnel and organizational structure, an evaluation of the business environment, a financial plan, a description of services provided, and a strategy for obtaining, managing, and extending a referral base. Implementation of the business plan and successful operation require ongoing planning and monitoring of operational parameters. The need for new sleep centers will likely continue, but the shifting market dynamics indicate a greater need for understanding the marketplace and careful planning. PMID:20442123

  3. Financing a Simulation Center.

    Tsuda, Shawn; Mohsin, Adnan; Jones, Daniel


    As simulation-based training has become established within medical and health professional disciplines, skills training laboratories have become a standard in surgery training programs. In 2008, the American College of Surgeons and Association of Program Directors in Surgery developed a simulation-based surgical skills curriculum; the Residency Review Committee for Surgery of the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education mandated access to skills laboratories for all surgery programs. Establishing a surgical skills laboratory and adapting the training curriculum requires a significant amount of resources. This article discusses the financial aspects of establishing a training center, from funding opportunities to budgeting considerations. PMID:26210971

  4. HRSA: Find a Health Center

    ... Please, try later. Close × Note To HRSA Health Centers: HRSA Health Center Grantees and Look-Alikes, please ... to save your changes. Close About HRSA Health Centers HRSA Health Centers care for you, even if ...

  5. Acoustics of a broadcast center

    Beristain, Sergio


    A broadcast system in Mexico City had to change facilities in order to concentrate in a single site all related broadcast stations and production studios in order to facilitate its normal operation. This led to a design which included the acoustic noise isolation and the interior acoustics of every studio and control room, together with the audio interconection, the electricity layout, the air conditioning system, the office building, etc. This paper presents the acoustics profile of the center, including final results of the construction as they were measured on completion of the installation. The complex has seven AM and FM broadcast stations, plus seven production studios for news, commercials and radio-novels plus an audio master control room, and everything was completed within four months.

  6. Analysis of a hospital call center

    Budak, Ezel Ezgi


    Ankara : The Department of Industrial Engineering and the Graduate School of Engineering and Science of Bilkent University, 2012. Thesis (Master's) -- Bilkent University, 2012. Includes bibliographical refences. In this thesis, we study the call center operations of a particular hospital located in Ankara, namely Güven Hospital. The hospital call center takes role as a medical consulting and appointment center and also domestic call traffic flows over the call center. These ...

  7. Communication Patterns in a Biomedical Research Center

    Gorry, G. Anthony; And Others


    Studies of the communication patterns among scientists in a biomedical research center should help in the assessment of the center's impact on research processes. Such a study at the National Heart and Blood Vessel Research and Demonstration Center (NRDC) at Baylor College of Medicine is reported. (LBH)

  8. Centering mount for a gamma camera

    A device for centering a γ-camera detector in case of radionuclide diagnosis is described. It permits the use of available medical coaches instead of a table with a transparent top. The device can be used for centering a detector (when it is fixed at the low end of a γ-camera) on a required area of the patient's body

  9. A caveat concerning center of resistance.

    Dathe, Henning; Nägerl, Hans; Kubein-Meesenburg, Dietmar


    The center of resistance is a concept in theoretical orthodontics used to describe tooth movement under loads. It is commonly used to qualitatively predict tooth movement without recourse to complex equations or simulations. We start with a survey of the historical origin of the technical term. After this, the periodontal ligament is idealized as a linear elastic suspension. The mathematical formalism of vector and tensor calculus will clarify our reasoning. We show that a point such as the center of resistance basically only exists in two dimensions or in very special symmetric spatial configurations. In three dimensions, a simple counterexample of a suspension without a center of resistance is given. A second more tooth-like example illustrates the magnitude of the effects in question in dentistry. In conclusion, the center of resistance should be replaced by a newer and wider mathematical concept, the "center of elasticity," together with a limiting parameter, the "radius of resistance." PMID:24019849

  10. A survey of poison control centers worldwide

    Maryann Mazer; Justin Wang; Ali Pourmand


    Abstract To stem the rising incidence of toxic exposure as well as the associated morbidity and mortality, the past century has seen the establishment and evolution of poison control centers (PCCs) worldwide. Depending on the location, PCCs vary in terms of staffing model, services offered, and funding sources. In this article, we discuss a survey of poison control centers worldwide.

  11. A Shift from Teacher Centered to Learner Centered Approach

    Jeanne Schreurs


    Full Text Available In the framework of the project Western Eastern Teachers' Education Network (WETEN funded by the Tempus program the network of university teachers were established to share expertise on effective teaching and learning in universities. This network for pedagogical innovation in higher education brought together the experts from EU to share good practice and new teaching methods with academic staff from two eastern countries, Moldova and Ukraine. The learner centered concept was analyzed and guidelines for creating learner centered courses were developed and piloted. The concepts and some experiences in course design were also implemented by trained teachers in the developed courses within the WETEN project.

  12. Establishing a multidisciplinary academic cosmetic center.

    Rao, Venkat K; Schmid, Daniel B; Hanson, Summer E; Bentz, Michael L


    The demand for cosmetic services has risen rapidly in recent years, but has slowed down with the current economic downturn. Managed care organizations and Medicare have been steadily reducing their reimbursements for physician services. The payment for reconstructive surgical procedures has been decreasing and is likely to worsen with healthcare reform, and many plastic surgery residency programs are facing fiscal challenges. An adequate volume of patients needing cosmetic services is necessary to recruit and train the best candidates to the residency programs. Self-pay patients will help ensure the fiscal viability of plastic surgery residency programs. Attracting patients to an academic healthcare center will become more difficult in a recession without the appropriate facilities, programs, and pricing strategies. Setting up a modern cosmetic services program at an academic center has some unique challenges, including funding, academic politics, and turf. The authors opened a free-standing academic multidisciplinary center at their medical school 3 years ago. The center is an off-site, 13,000-sq ft facility that includes faculty from plastic surgery, ear, nose, and throat, dermatology, and vascular surgery. In this article, the authors discuss the process of developing and executing a plan for starting an aesthetic services center in an academic setting. The financing of the center and factors in pricing services are discussed. The authors show the impact of the center on their cosmetic surgery patient volumes, resident education, and finances. They expect that their experience will be helpful to other plastic surgery programs at academic medical centers. PMID:22094775

  13. Autoimmune thyroiditis, a center experience

    Tomé, S; Bandeira, A; H. Cardoso; Borges, T


    Introdução: A doença auto-imune da tiróide é a principal causa de Hipotiroidismo adquirido na criança e adolescente, a sua incidência em idade escolar é de 1.3%1. Objectivo: Caracterizar os doentes com Tiroidite Auto-Imune da consulta de Endocrinologia Pediátrica do Hospital Geral de Santo António em seguimento no ano de 2006. Metodologia: Foi efectuado um estudo retrospectivo com revisão dos processos clínicos, considerando os seguintes parâmetros: idad...

  14. Operating and Managing a Backup Control Center

    Marsh, Angela L.; Pirani, Joseph L.; Bornas, Nicholas


    Due to the criticality of continuous mission operations, some control centers must plan for alternate locations in the event an emergency shuts down the primary control center. Johnson Space Center (JSC) in Houston, Texas is the Mission Control Center (MCC) for the International Space Station (ISS). Due to Houston s proximity to the Gulf of Mexico, JSC is prone to threats from hurricanes which could cause flooding, wind damage, and electrical outages to the buildings supporting the MCC. Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) has the capability to be the Backup Control Center for the ISS if the situation is needed. While the MSFC Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC) does house the BCC, the prime customer and operator of the ISS is still the JSC flight operations team. To satisfy the customer and maintain continuous mission operations, the BCC has critical infrastructure that hosts ISS ground systems and flight operations equipment that mirrors the prime mission control facility. However, a complete duplicate of Mission Control Center in another remote location is very expensive to recreate. The HOSC has infrastructure and services that MCC utilized for its backup control center to reduce the costs of a somewhat redundant service. While labor talents are equivalent, experiences are not. Certain operations are maintained in a redundant mode, while others are simply maintained as single string with adequate sparing levels of equipment. Personnel at the BCC facility must be trained and certified to an adequate level on primary MCC systems. Negotiations with the customer were done to match requirements with existing capabilities, and to prioritize resources for appropriate level of service. Because some of these systems are shared, an activation of the backup control center will cause a suspension of scheduled HOSC activities that may share resources needed by the BCC. For example, the MCC is monitoring a hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico. As the threat to MCC

  15. Aphasia centers in North America: a survey.

    Simmons-Mackie, Nina; Holland, Audrey L


    There is a growing trend toward dedicated programs designed to improve the lives of people with aphasia and their families. We are referring to these programs collectively as "aphasia centers." These programs purportedly differ from more traditional medically based aphasia rehabilitation. However, there is no directory of aphasia centers and no definition of what constitutes such a program. Therefore, an online survey was designed to identify and describe aphasia centers in the United States and Canada. A 37-question survey was posted online via SurveyMonkey. An introductory letter was distributed by electronic mail to a listserv and mailing lists of programs associated with aphasia. Potential respondents who considered themselves an aphasia center were asked to complete the survey. A total of 33 survey responses were analyzed, and descriptive data were compiled resulting in a description of the following aspects of aphasia centers: demographic information, mission, admission and discharge policies, assessment practices, program logistics, staffing patterns, marketing, funding, and services offered. In addition, a qualitative analysis of written text responses revealed the following key themes that appear to characterize the responding programs: services that differ from traditional aphasia rehabilitation; a sense of community; a holistic focus on quality of life, psychosocial well-being, participation, and social support; the centrality of group interaction; and variety/intensity of services. PMID:21968557

  16. In a Rehabilitation Center for Drug Addicts


    WHEN China opens its doors to the outside world, fresh air comes in. So do flies. While drug addicts were unknown in China for 30 years, there are now reports of drug users and their related crimes. In an effort to abolish drug abuse in China, rehabilitation centers are being set up throughout the country to give medical aid to drug users trying to kick the habit. These photos were taken in a rehabilitation center in a small town in Gansu Province in the northwestern part of China.

  17. Starting a pharmacovigilance center: Actions for implementation

    Mrinmoy Chakrabarty


    Full Text Available With burgeoning reports of adverse drug reactions due to pharmacotherapy, pharmacovigilance (PV is the buzz word in health care circles. While there are experts in this rapidly expanding field, there are many health care professionals who do not fully appreciate the import of PV in the context of modern therapeutics. In view of the national directive to institutionalize a PV center in every medical college of India, there is an urgent need to inform, educate, and enlighten the readers about the constitution and dynamics of a PV center, which this article attempts to fulfill.

  18. A Computer Learning Center for Environmental Sciences

    Mustard, John F.


    In the fall of 1998, MacMillan Hall opened at Brown University to students. In MacMillan Hall was the new Computer Learning Center, since named the EarthLab which was outfitted with high-end workstations and peripherals primarily focused on the use of remotely sensed and other spatial data in the environmental sciences. The NASA grant we received as part of the "Centers of Excellence in Applications of Remote Sensing to Regional and Global Integrated Environmental Assessments" was the primary source of funds to outfit this learning and research center. Since opening, we have expanded the range of learning and research opportunities and integrated a cross-campus network of disciplines who have come together to learn and use spatial data of all kinds. The EarthLab also forms a core of undergraduate, graduate, and faculty research on environmental problems that draw upon the unique perspective of remotely sensed data. Over the last two years, the Earthlab has been a center for research on the environmental impact of water resource use in and regions, impact of the green revolution on forest cover in India, the design of forest preserves in Vietnam, and detailed assessments of the utility of thermal and hyperspectral data for water quality analysis. It has also been used extensively for local environmental activities, in particular studies on the impact of lead on the health of urban children in Rhode Island. Finally, the EarthLab has also served as a key educational and analysis center for activities related to the Brown University Affiliated Research Center that is devoted to transferring university research to the private sector.

  19. A Meaning-Centered Therapy for Addictions

    Thompson, Geoff


    This article describes a treatment for addictions, based on the idea that addiction is a response to living a life that has little personal meaning. First, it presents the theory of Meaning-Centered Therapy (MCT) as developed by Paul Wong, particularly the need to understand intoxication from the addict's perspective. Next, it presents the…

  20. Greening the data center a pocket guide

    Spafford, George


    IT organizations are under intense pressure to manage the power consumed by data centers and the resulting cooling demands. To address these needs, IT needs to properly blend people, process and technology to create solutions. This guides provides a sample of technical improvement opportunities at a high-level.

  1. The Center Problem for a Linear Center Perturbed by Homogeneous Polynomials

    Jaume GIN(E)


    The centers of the polynomial differential systems with a linear center perturbed by homogeneous polynomials have been studied for the degrees s = 2, 3, 4, 5. They are completely classified for s = 2, 3, and partially classified for s = 4, 5. In this paper we recall these results for s = 2, 3, 4, 5,and we give new centers for s = 6, 7

  2. A Black Hole in Our Galactic Center

    Ruiz, Michael J.


    An introductory approach to black holes is presented along with astronomical observational data pertaining to the presence of a supermassive black hole at the center of our galaxy. Concepts of conservation of energy and Kepler's third law are employed so students can apply formulas from their physics class to determine the mass of the black hole…

  3. National Support Center: A Service of IBM.

    Exceptional Parent, 1990


    This article describes (1) IBM's National Support Center for Persons with Disabilities, a clearinghouse of information about adaptive devices, software, and support groups helping disabled persons use IBM computers; (2) special IBM products, including the Screen Reader, SpeechViewer, and PhoneCommunicator; and (3) an IBM-sponsored program whereby…

  4. Anatomy of a Security Operations Center

    Wang, John


    Many agencies and corporations are either contemplating or in the process of building a cyber Security Operations Center (SOC). Those Agencies that have established SOCs are most likely working on major revisions or enhancements to existing capabilities. As principle developers of the NASA SOC; this Presenters' goals are to provide the GFIRST community with examples of some of the key building blocks of an Agency scale cyber Security Operations Center. This presentation viII include the inputs and outputs, the facilities or shell, as well as the internal components and the processes necessary to maintain the SOC's subsistence - in other words, the anatomy of a SOC. Details to be presented include the SOC architecture and its key components: Tier 1 Call Center, data entry, and incident triage; Tier 2 monitoring, incident handling and tracking; Tier 3 computer forensics, malware analysis, and reverse engineering; Incident Management System; Threat Management System; SOC Portal; Log Aggregation and Security Incident Management (SIM) systems; flow monitoring; IDS; etc. Specific processes and methodologies discussed include Incident States and associated Work Elements; the Incident Management Workflow Process; Cyber Threat Risk Assessment methodology; and Incident Taxonomy. The Evolution of the Cyber Security Operations Center viII be discussed; starting from reactive, to proactive, and finally to proactive. Finally, the resources necessary to establish an Agency scale SOC as well as the lessons learned in the process of standing up a SOC viII be presented.

  5. Marking A Center: Concept, Geometry, and Assembly

    Hedvall, Fredrik Nils


    The subject of this thesis centers around the study of process; the process of taking a germinal concept or idea and translating it into the language of built form. In this particular case, the process can be described as binary, containing two distinct stages. The first stage consists of the process of translating a gestural idea or sketch into a language which is geometrically descriptive and consequently reproducible. The second stage of the process involves the translation of geomet...

  6. A Student-Centered Learning Model

    Mihyar Hesson


    Full Text Available Based on the authors experience in applying different approaches of active learning and student-centered teaching, the main problem that prevented the achievement of the full advantages of these approaches is the lack of motivation of students for self-centered learning. A new model for a student-centered learning is presented in this work. This model is of teaching integrative thinking, based on existing models of creativity and synthesis. In this model, the student is put at the heart of a bigger learning process that includes instructors, specialists and the public. Usually students who are in the final year of their study will be the target of the application of this model as a part of a capstone course or final year project. This model promotes the research and thinking skills of the students as well as the gained motivation of self-learning as a result of being in contact with the specialists who might be their potential future employers. A proto-type web-based system based on this model was developed. Although it is applied on a sample of students from the Biology department, the system is readily expandable to any number of other disciplines without any complications or programming overheads. The results achieved from the application of this model were very encouraging.

  7. Establishment of a world food preservation center

    Wilson Charles L


    Abstract A World Food Preservation Center (WFPC) is proposed in response to a pending civilization-threatening food shortage and our limited ability to adequately increase food production. Some estimates put losses of food in developing countries after it is produced and before it is consumed at 50%. These losses are particularly threatening to individuals and farmers who are living in the midst of food insecurity. Although numerous organizations have attempted to address this problem worldwi...

  8. A Learner-Centered Diabetes Management Curriculum

    DeSalvo, Daniel J.; Greenberg, Larrie W.; Henderson, Celia L.; Cogen, Fran R.


    OBJECTIVE Diabetes errors, particularly insulin administration errors, can lead to complications and death in the pediatric inpatient setting. Despite a lecture-format curriculum on diabetes management at our children’s hospital, resident diabetes-related errors persisted. We hypothesized that a multifaceted, learner-centered diabetes curriculum would help reduce pathway errors. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The 8-week curricular intervention consisted of 1) an online tutorial addressing reside...

  9. Hepatoblastoma: Experience from a single center

    Singh, T.; C T Satheesh; Appaji, L.; Aruna Kumari BS; M Padma; Kumar, M V; Mukherjee, G.


    Background: The cornerstones of successful treatment of hepatoblastoma (HB) include preoperative chemotherapy followed by complete anatomical resection of tumor, followed by chemotherapy. Advances in chemotherapy in the last 2 decades have been associated with a higher rate of tumor response and possibly a greater potential for resectability. Aims: We analyzed our single center experience with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) and surgery in HBs. Settings and Design: Our study included all ch...

  10. On characterizations of a center Galois extension

    Lianyong Xue


    Full Text Available Let B be a ring with 1,  C the center of B,  G a finite automorphism group of B, and BG the set of elements in B fixed under each element in G. Then, it is shown that B is a center Galois extension of BG (that is, C is a Galois algebra over CG with Galois group G|C≅G if and only if the ideal of B generated by {c−g(c|c∈C} is B for each g≠1 in G. This generalizes the well known characterization of a commutative Galois extension C that C is a Galois extension of CG with Galois group G if and only if the ideal generated by {c−g(c|c∈C} is C for each g≠1 in G. Some more characterizations of a center Galois extension B are also given.

  11. Towards a Culturally Centered Music Therapy Practice

    Julie M. Brown


    At present very little information on the topic of multicultural music therapy practice has been published in the United States and Canada. This article reviews the music therapy and counselling literature to advocate the need for culturally centered music therapy practice. The paper examines the areas of ethical considerations, cultural empathy, the need for music therapists to understand and explore their own and their clients' world views, and the concept of music as a universal language. ...

  12. Validation: A Family-Centered Communication Skill.

    Harvey, Pat; Ahmann, Elizabeth


    Family-centered care can seem challenging when family member behavior, choices, attitudes, or emotions are "difficult" or "challenging" to deal with. Yet nurses can develop skills to effectively interact with families in a wide variety of circumstances and then become able to practice family-centered care in any situation that might arise. One particularly useful skill is "validation," which means accepting what the family member says or does as a valid expression of thoughts and feelings in that particular circumstance at that particular time. Validation does not mean there is agreement or acceptance of unsafe behaviors, only that the nurse acknowledges that the family member's concerns and feelings are important and should be listened to and taken seriously, even in the presence of disagreement. Validation, which should be individualized, can take many forms, ranging from providing complete attention to reflection of statements, identification of possible unexpressed emotions, normalization, and finally, a full and genuine sense of connection. Understanding and practicing validation can empower nurses and family members, as well as support effectivefamily-centered communication and problem solving even in challenging circumstances. PMID:27025151

  13. Lessons learned in simulating a command center

    Mack, Gregory A.; Cantor, Robert M.; Wenzel, Gregory


    This paper presents some lessons learned from simulating the operation of a command center in distributed interactive simulations (DIS). We present the design of the Booz Allen Command Center Systems Interface (C2SI) in terms of its functional architecture as well as the technologies used in its implementation. We discuss the design of the distributed component interfaces based on cooperating software agent pairs. We discuss aspects of several issues in simulating command and control systems in the ADS/DIS environment, namely, interoperation of constructive and virtual simulation, situation awareness, communication with adjacent C2 entities, control of subordinate entities and external sensors, terrain/environmental data management, and data collection for after-action reporting.

  14. Testing: A Person-Centered Perspective.

    Boy, Angelo; Pine, Gerald


    Person-centered counseling and psychotherapy has historic reservations about testing. This article acknowledges these reservations while pointing out ways in which the person-centered therapist may use tests without violating the integrity of the person-centered relationship. (Author/SR)

  15. Environment Assessment for the Construction of a Visitor/Education Center at NASA Stennis Space Center

    Kennedy, Carolyn D.


    This document is an environmental assessment that examines the environmental impacts of a proposed plan to clear land and to construct a building for the operation of a Visitor/Education Center at a location next to the Mississippi Welcome Center on Interstate 10 along highway 607 in Hancock County Mississippi.

  16. An Integrated Model of Care: A Visit to The SPARK Center, a Program of Boston Medical Center

    Griest, Christa


    This article features The SPARK Center, a program of Boston Medical Center, located in Mattapan, Massachusetts. The Center has pioneered a whole-child approach to address the multi-dimensional needs of Boston's most at-risk children, recognizing that vulnerable children need more than educational supports to flourish. The Center's integrated model…

  17. Designing a Call Center with Impatient Customers

    O. Garnet; Mandelbaum, A.; M. Reiman


    The most common model to support workforce management of telephone call centers is the M/M/N/B model, in particular its special cases M/M/N (Erlang C, which models out busy signals) and M/M/N/N (Erlang B, disallowing waiting). All of these models lack a central prevalent feature, namely, that impatient customers might decide to leave (abandon) before their service begins. In this paper, we analyze the simplest abandonment model, in which customers' patience is exponentially distributed and th...

  18. Idaho national laboratory - a nuclear research center

    Full text: The Idaho National Laboratory (INL) is committed to providing international nuclear leadership for the 21st Century, developing and demonstrating compelling national security technologies, and delivering excellence in science and technology as one of the United States Department of Energy's (DOE) multi program national laboratories. INL runs three major programs - Nuclear, Security and Science. Nuclear programs covers the Advanced test reactor, Six Generation IV technology concepts selected for Rand D, targeting tumors - Boron Neutron Capture therapy. Homeland Security establishes the Control System Security and Test Center, Critical Infrastructure Test Range evaluates technologies on a scalable basis, INL conducts high performance computing and visualization research and science. To provide leadership in the education and training, INL has established an Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering (INSE) under the Center for Advanced Energy Studies (CAES) and the Idaho State University (ISU). INSE will offer a four year degree based on a newly developed curriculum - two year of basic science course work and two years of participation in project planning and development. The students enrolled in this program can continue to get a masters or a doctoral degree. This summer INSE is the host for the training of the first international group selected by the World Nuclear University (WNU) - 75 fellowship holders and their 30 instructors from 40 countries. INL has been assigned to provide future global leadership in the field of nuclear science and technology. Here, at INL, we keep safety first above all things and our logo is 'Nuclear leadership synonymous with safety leadership'. (author)

  19. Establishment of a world food preservation center

    Wilson Charles L


    Full Text Available Abstract A World Food Preservation Center (WFPC is proposed in response to a pending civilization-threatening food shortage and our limited ability to adequately increase food production. Some estimates put losses of food in developing countries after it is produced and before it is consumed at 50%. These losses are particularly threatening to individuals and farmers who are living in the midst of food insecurity. Although numerous organizations have attempted to address this problem worldwide, the magnitude of the effort has not come close to the enormity of the problem. Most of these programs are also short-term and require continuous input by postharvest specialists from developed countries in order to be sustainable. A critical need exists for a substantial and sustainable worldwide program that can significantly reduce losses and waste of food in developing countries. The World Food Preservation Center proposed here meets this need by educating young scientists in developing countries about low-input, appropriate technologies for preserving food postharvest. It also conducts research on postharvest technologies especially suited for application in developing countries such as biological control, solar refrigeration, and coordinated transport and marketing schemes that support and sustain the local production of food commodities.

  20. International nuclear service centers: a bibliography

    The literature relating specifically to international nuclear fuel service centers would appear to be relatively scarce, based on the results of searches of the Energy Data Base, the libraries of the University of California at Los Angeles, and The Rand Corporation, and other sources. Works specifically relating to international service centers are annotated in this bibliography. Also listed, without annotation, are studies of various kinds of multinational public enterprises. In addition, there are references to many of the studies of the one-nation nuclear energy center concept. Most of these resulted from the survey of possible sites for these centers mandated by the US Energy Reorganization Act of 1974

  1. Space Operations Center - A concept analysis


    The Space Operations Center (SOC) which is a concept for a Shuttle serviced, permanent, manned facility in low earth orbit is viewed as a major candidate for the manned space flight following the completion of an operational Shuttle. The primary objectives of SOC are: (1) the construction, checkout, and transfer to operational orbit of large, complex space systems, (2) on-orbit assembly, launch, recovery, and servicing of manned and unmanned spacecraft, (3) managing operations of co-orbiting free-flying satellites, and (4) the development of reduced dependence on earth for control and resupply. The structure of SOC, a self-contained orbital facility containing several Shuttle launched modules, includes the service, habitation, and logistics modules as well as construction, and flight support facilities. A schedule is proposed for the development of SOC over ten years and costs for the yearly programs are estimated.

  2. A practical application of reliability centered maintenance

    This paper describes a practical and cost effective method for applying Reliability Centered Maintenance (RCM) principles to improve the effectiveness of an existing Preventive Maintenance program. While this program was developed for a modern nuclear power plant, it is based on the premise that many plants already have effective Maintenance and PM Programs, some of which may be relatively comprehensive, even at non-nuclear facilities. Therefore, the objective of this type of upgrade project is to identify and select the most effective PM tasks, whether currently active, or recommended new tasks or revisions, and to eliminate ineffective tasks. Then, apply those changes within the existing programs in a way that will allow the most efficient allocation of resources. It is anticipated that this program will enhance plant safety, improve plant availability and the reliability of plant equipment, as well as prevent escalation of maintenance costs when fully implemented

  3. International nuclear service centers: a bibliography

    The literature relating specifically to international nuclear fuel service centers appears to be relatively scarce. The items identified are annotated in this bibliography. In addition studies of various kinds of multinational public enterprises and of one-nation nuclear energy centers are listed without annotation

  4. What's a Learning Center?

    Brown, Wesley C.


    The purpose of this narrative is to describe and explain the function of learning centers in American colleges and universities. Since the early 1960's nearly every four-year institution has created or increased support for some kind of learning center with the ostensible aim of improving the academic performance of its enrolled students. In…

  5. The Student-Centered Curriculum: A Concept in Curriculum Innovation

    Tuckman, Bruce W.


    The student-centered curriculum concept is "described in terms of a series of postulates which provide a basic definition of what the student-centered curriculum is to be. From these postulates, propositions are then derived which describe the way the student-centered curriculum would be constructed and how it would operate. This paper was…

  6. Teaching in a Patient-Centered Medical Home

    Hotelling, Barbara A.


    Teaching Lamaze International classes in a patient-centered medical home allows the childbirth educator the best environment for giving evidence-based information and empowering parents to give birth their way. Patient-centered medical home facilities and providers practice evidence-based care and adhere to the principles of family-centered maternity care. In patient-centered medical homes, women can expect to give birth using the Lamaze Healthy Birth Practices and to fully participate in the...

  7. Postavení a úloha call center

    Blažej, Michal


    Tato diplomová práce zpracovává téma Postavení a Úloha Call Center v Telekomunikaci. Práce pojednává o alternativních způsobech komunikace zákazníka s mobilním operátorem, převážně prostřednictvím telefonu. Obsahem diplomové práce je charakteristika služeb, výčet jednotlivých způsobů komunikace mezi zákazníkem a mobilním operátorem, popis produktů T-Mobile CZ využívajících alternativních způsobů komunikace s operátorem, přehled činností Call centra T-Mobile CZ a výzkumná část. Cílem práce je ...

  8. Hepatoblastoma: Experience from a single center

    T Singh


    Full Text Available Background: The cornerstones of successful treatment of hepatoblastoma (HB include preoperative chemotherapy followed by complete anatomical resection of tumor, followed by chemotherapy. Advances in chemotherapy in the last 2 decades have been associated with a higher rate of tumor response and possibly a greater potential for resectability. Aims: We analyzed our single center experience with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT and surgery in HBs. Settings and Design: Our study included all children with HBs who received NACT and underwent surgical excision from January 1997 to July 2004. Materials and Methods: Patient characteristics, clinical features, clinical course, treatment modalities, and long-term outcome were analyzed. Results: There were 9 boys and 3 girls, aged 5-60 months (median age at tumor diagnosis was 24 months. All received NACT containing cisplatin and doxorubicin. Of the 12 children, 9 underwent hepatectomy and among them, 4 patients each had right and left hepatectomy and 1 patient underwent right extended hepatectomy. After surgery, all patients completed rest of the chemotherapy course (total 6 cycles. R0 resection was carried out in all the 9 cases with no life-threatening complications. Conclusions: Our experience of the 9 cases, although less in number, reaffirms the advantages of NACT followed by surgery. The prognosis for patients with resectable tumors is fairly good in combination with chemotherapy.

  9. A Primary Document Analysis-Centered Curriculum in a Residential Treatment Center

    Collette, Jared Peterson


    This study examines the challenges and rewards of applying Stanford History Group’s Thinking Like a Historian program in the context of a residential treatment center to better understand the necessary modifications and adjustments that would be needed to successfully apply this program. The researcher used an action research methodology, an analytic autoethnographic journal, as well as student work to investigate student successes and challenges in learning history through the use of primary...

  10. Pregnancy during Hemodialysis: A Single Center Experience

    Bahadi Abdelali


    Full Text Available Successful pregnancy outcome is an uncommon occurrence in women requiring chronic dialysis treatment. We reviewed the course and outcome of 9 pregnancies occurred in women on chronic hemodialysis in our center from 1999-2007; 5 of them ended with delivery of alive newborns, 2 with fetal deaths in-utero, and 2 with abortions. The average age of patients was 34 years. The etiology of the original kidney disease was unknown in 44.4% of the cases, and only 22.2% of the patients maintained diuresis. Dialysis started in 8 cases before the diagnosis of pregnancy. The average gestational age at diagnosis was 14 weeks. We modified the prescription of dialysis in 4 patients by increasing the frequency of the dialysis sessions to 6 per week and in 3 by increasing the duration of each session to 6 hours. Anemia was present in all the cases; 3 patients received erythropoietin and 4 patients required transfusion. The pregnancy was com-plicated in 44% of the cases by a polyhydramnios. The average time at delivery was 33 weeks and it was achieved in 80% of pregnancies through vaginal route. The average weight of newborns was to 2380 g. We conclude that pregnancy in women on hemodialysis is possible. The success of pregnancy may be influenced by the residual diuresis and early diagnosis to improve the quality of dialysis by increasing the dialysis dose.

  11. So You Want to Start a Peer Online Writing Center?

    Christine Rosalia


    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to share lessons learned in setting up three different peer online writing centers in three different contexts (EFL, Generation 1.5, and ESL. In each center the focus was on the language learner as a peer online writing advisor and their needs in maintaining centers “for and by” learners. Technology affordances and constraints for local contexts, which promote learner autonomy, are analyzed. The open-source platforms (Moodle, Drupal, and Google Apps are compared in terms of usability for peer writing center work, particularly centers where groups co-construct feedback for writers, asynchronously. This paper is useful for readers who would like a head start or deeper understanding of potential logistics and decision-making involved in establishing a peer online writing center within coursework and/or a self-access learning center.

  12. Interinstitutional transfers to a trauma center.

    Vestrup, J A


    To determine patient demographics, referral patterns, and problems with trauma transfer, records of 412 patients received over a 1-year period at the Vancouver General Hospital, a Level I Trauma Center, were reviewed. The average Injury Severity Score (ISS) was 15 (range: 1 to 75), with 142 patients (34%) having an ISS of 16 or greater. One hundred ninety-six (47%) of the transfers were accomplished by fixed-wing aircraft, 15 (4%) by helicopter, and 201 (49%) by land. Seventy-two percent were transported within 24 hours of injury. The injury mechanisms were as follows: 193 (47%) vehicular, 108 (26%) falls, 50 (12%) penetrating, 43 (10%) thermal, and 18 (5%) assaults/crush. Transfer was prompted by musculo-skeletal injuries in 157 (38%), neurosurgical problems in 71 (17%), multiple injuries in 64 (16%), burns in 45 (11%), hand injuries in 27 (7%), facial injuries in 26 (6%), and other problems in 22 (5%). Transfer management problems included airway in 4 patients, respiratory care in 8, and hemodynamic instability in 10. Only two of these patients had an ISS less than 16. Although most transfers were appropriate, some could have been avoided by more careful physician screening. For example, of six patients referred for digit replantation, only one was a suitable candidate. Lack of adequate regional care resulted in 10 long-distance air transports for isolated hip fractures. It is concluded that the majority of transfers were indicated and were safely carried out. However, there is a need for better patient screening, regionalized service, and improved communication regarding appropriate stabilization prior to transfer, particularly for patients with serious injuries. PMID:2334007

  13. A feasibility study for a manufacturing technology deployment center


    The Automation & Robotics Research Institute (ARRI) and the Texas Engineering Extension Service (TEEX) were funded by the U.S. Department of Energy to determine the feasibility of a regional industrial technology institute to be located at the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) Central Facility in Waxahachie, Texas. In response to this opportunity, ARRI and TEEX teamed with the DOE Kansas City Plant (managed by Allied Signal, Inc.), Los Alamos National Laboratory (managed by the University of California), Vought Aircraft Company, National Center for Manufacturing Sciences (NCMS), SSC Laboratory, KPMG Peat Marwick, Dallas County Community College, Navarro Community College, Texas Department of Commerce (TDOC), Texas Manufacturing Assistance Center (TMAC), Oklahoma Center for the Advancement of Science and Technology, Arkansas Science and Technology Authority, Louisiana Productivity Center, and the NASA Mid-Continent Technology Transfer Center (MCTTC) to develop a series of options, perform the feasibility analysis and secure industrial reviews of the selected concepts. The final report for this study is presented in three sections: Executive Summary, Business Plan, and Technical Plan. The results from the analysis of the proposed concept support the recommendation of creating a regional technology alliance formed by the states of Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Arkansas and Louisiana through the conversion of the SSC Central facility into a Manufacturing Technology Deployment Center (MTDC).


    Roza Rakhmanbaeva


    Necessity for innovative production development sets the new requirements for content, organization, forms and methods of management activity. Non-traditional tasks faced by the present system of human resources management require the similar type of non-traditional methodological approaches and tools for social diagnosis, training and management of people in new situations. Therefore special attention should be also given to development of new type training centers that act as concentration ...

  15. Center forTelehealth and Cybermedicine Research, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center: a model of a telehealth program within an academic medical center.

    Alverson, Dale C; Dion, Denise; Migliorati, Margaret; Rodriguez, Adrian; Byun, Hannah W; Effertz, Glen; Duffy, Veronica; Monge, Benjamin


    An overview of the Center for Telehealth and Cybermedicine Research at the University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center was presented along with several other national and international programs as part of the of a symposium-workshop on telehealth, "Sustaining and Realizing the Promise of Telemedicine," held at the University of Michigan Health System in Ann Arbor, MI, May 18-19, 2012 and hosted by the University of Michigan Telemedicine Resource Center and its Director, Rashid Bashshur. This article describes our Center, its business plan, and a view to the future. PMID:23317516

  16. A center manifold result for delayed neural fields equations

    Veltz R.; Faugeras O.


    We develop a framework for the study of delayed neural fields equations and prove a center manifold theorem for these equations. Specific properties of delayed neural fields equations make it impossible to apply existing methods from the literature concerning center manifold results for functional differential equations. Our approach for the proof of the center manifold theorem uses the original combination of results from Vanderbauwhede etal. together with a theory of linear functional diffe...

  17. The Plant Information Center (PIC): A Web-Based Learning Center for Botanical Study.

    Greenberg, J.; Daniel, E.; Massey, J.; White, P.

    The Plant Information Center (PIC) is a project funded under the Institute of Museum and Library Studies that aims to provide global access to both primary and secondary botanical resources via the World Wide Web. Central to the project is the development and employment of a series of applications that facilitate resource discovery, interactive…

  18. Medical Center Farmers Markets: A Strategic Partner in the Patient-Centered Medical Home

    Daniel R. George, PhD, MSc


    Full Text Available Background The number of medical center���based farmers markets has increased in the past decade, but little is known about how such organizations contribute to the preventive health goals of the patient-centered medical home. Community Context In 2010, we started a seasonal farmers market at Penn State Hershey Medical Center to help support the institution’s commitment to the medical home. Methods We obtained descriptive data on the farmers market from hospital and market records and tracking information on the market’s Facebook and Twitter sites. We computed summary measures to characterize how the market has begun to meet the 6 standards of the 2011 National Committee for Quality Assurance’s report on the medical home. Outcome During the 2010 and 2011 seasons, 146 medical center volunteers from 40 departments formed 23 interprofessional teams that spent an average of 551 volunteer hours per season at the market, providing health screenings (n = 695 and speaking to customers (n = 636 about preventive health. Fifty-five nonmedical community health partners provided 208 hours of service at the market alongside medical center staff. Market programming contributed to 5 regional preventive health partnerships and created opportunities for interprofessional mentoring, student leadership, data management, development of social media skills, and grant-writing experience. The market contributed to all 6 medical home standards outlined by the National Committee for Quality Assurance. Interpretation Medical center markets can support medical home standards. With systematic tracking of the health effects and integration with electronic medical health records, markets hold potential to contribute to comprehensive patient-centered care.

  19. Training centers of a new type

    Roza Rakhmanbaeva


    Full Text Available Necessity for innovative production development sets the new requirements for content, organization, forms and methods of management activity. Non-traditional tasks faced by the present system of human resources management require the similar type of non-traditional methodological approaches and tools for social diagnosis, training and management of people in new situations. Therefore special attention should be also given to development of new type training centers that act as concentration of continuous training through forming the networks of comparative analysis and detecting the best practice.

  20. A Comparison of Organization-Centered and Agent-Centered Multi-Agent Systems

    Jensen, Andreas Schmidt; Villadsen, Jørgen


    Whereas most classical multi-agent systems have the agent in center, there has recently been a development towards focusing more on the organization of the system, thereby allowing the designer to focus on what the system goals are, without considering how the goals should be fulfilled. We have d...

  1. A Visit to the Rehabilitation Center for Drug Addicts


    TWENTY-four-year-old Mu Li has come to the rehabilitation center in Tianjin of her own free will. After a year on drugs, she now wants to quit. This is her second time being hospitalized. The first time, she stayed for 20 days in the center. Not long after she was discharged, however, she was on drugs again. So she came back to the center, begging to be hospitalized again. The Tianjin Rehabilitation Center for Drug Addicts (TRCDA) where Mu Li is being treated was established in 1992, although cases of drug abuse were then still rare in the city. However, with the increasing rate of drug abuse in coastal

  2. RoboCon: A general purpose telerobotic control center

    Draper, J.V.; Noakes, M.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States). Robotics and Process Systems Div.; Schempf, H. [Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Blair, L.M. [Human Machine Interfaces, Inc., Knoxville, TN (United States)


    This report describes human factors issues involved in the design of RoboCon, a multi-purpose control center for use in US Department of Energy remote handling applications. RoboCon is intended to be a flexible, modular control center capable of supporting a wide variety of robotic devices.

  3. RoboCon: A general purpose telerobotic control center

    This report describes human factors issues involved in the design of RoboCon, a multi-purpose control center for use in US Department of Energy remote handling applications. RoboCon is intended to be a flexible, modular control center capable of supporting a wide variety of robotic devices

  4. Exploring Nonoffending Caregiver Satisfaction with a Children's Advocacy Center

    Bonach, Kathryn; Mabry, J. Beth; Potts-Henry, Candice


    This study is a case evaluation research report on one Children's Advocacy Center that provides a coordinated response to allegations of child maltreatment, particularly sexual abuse. The data come from a mailed survey of nonoffending caregivers measuring their satisfaction with services provided through the Children's Advocacy Center. The results…

  5. Closing the "Digital Divide": Building a Public Computing Center

    Krebeck, Aaron


    The public computing center offers an economical and environmentally friendly model for providing additional public computer access when and where it is needed. Though not intended to be a replacement for a full-service branch, the public computing center does offer a budget-friendly option for quickly expanding high-demand services into the…

  6. Hewlett-Packard’s global business center in Poland as an example of a successful shared services center

    Pisarczyk, Anna


    This master thesis investigates the Hewlett-Packard’s global business center in Poland as a successful example of a shared services center. The center performs and manages global business processes for the corporation in an effective and efficient way. The thesis focuses on three main aspects such as resources and capabilities, location and organization of the shared services center in Poland which is illustrated by the TCE model. OLI paradigm examines more in details the impor...

  7. Validating a Technology Enhanced Student-Centered Learning Model

    Kang, Myunghee; Hahn, Jungsun; Chung, Warren


    The Technology Enhanced Student Centered Learning (TESCL) Model in this study presents the core factors that ensure the quality of learning in a technology-supported environment. Although the model was conceptually constructed using a student-centered learning framework and drawing upon previous studies, it should be validated through real-world…

  8. Efficiency and separability in economies with a trade center

    Diamantaras, D.; Gilles, R.P.; Ruys, P.H.M.


    We discuss the endogenous selection of a costly allocation mechanism in a pure exchange economy. The allocation mechanism is modeled as an abstract trade center exhibiting setup costs, access costs and linear transaction costs. Exactly one trade center has to be selected. We define Pareto efficiency

  9. Establishing a national research center on day care

    Ellegaard, Tomas

    The paper presents and discusses the current formation of a national research center on ECEC. The center is currently being established. It is partly funded by the Danish union of early childhood and youth educators. It is based on cooperation between a number of Danish universities and this nati...

  10. Carbon dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Data Center: A for Atmospheric trace gases. Annual progress report, FY 1994

    Burtis, M.D. [comp.] [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Energy, Environment and Resources Center; Cushman, R.M.; Boden, T.A.; Jones, S.B.; Nelson, T.R.; Stoss, F.W. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)


    This report summarizes the activities and accomplishments made by the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Data Center-A for Atmospheric Trace Gases during the fiscal year 1994. Topics discussed in this report include; organization and staff, user services, systems, communications, Collaborative efforts with China, networking, ocean data and activities of the World Data Center-A.

  11. A layered approach to user-centered security

    Bødker, Susanne


    The workshop will explore the possibilities of a user-centered perspective on security. With exceptions, existing research may be criticized for being highly system-centered, focusing on how one may change user behavior to deal with the requirements of security, or on how security aspects can be...

  12. A Market Study for the Center for the Performing Arts.

    Rae, John; And Others

    In fall 1983, a telephone survey was conducted by Macomb Community College (MCC) to assess community perceptions of the college's Center for the Performing Arts (CPA) and to aid in developing marketing strategies for the Center. Interviews were conducted with 500 randomly selected Macomb County (Michigan) residents to determine if they had…

  13. Human-centered incubator: beyond a design concept

    Goossens, R.H.M.; Willemsen, H.


    We read with interest the paper by Ferris and Shepley1 on a human-centered design project with university students on neonatal incubators. It is interesting to see that in the design solutions and concepts as presented by Ferris and Shepley,1 human-centered design played an important role. In 2005,

  14. Quantifying Library Quality: A Homework Center Report Card.

    Bailey, John P.


    Discussion of information literacy focuses on the homework help centers developed by the County of Los Angeles Public Library. Describes a study conducted in partnership with the University of Southern California that investigated the cost effectiveness; success; and student, teacher, and parent perceptions of the centers to justify funding. (LRW)

  15. Center for Behavioral Neuroscience: a prototype multi-institutional collaborative research center

    Powell, Kelly R; Albers, H. Elliott


    The Center for Behavioral Neuroscience was launched in the fall of 1999 with support from the National Science Foundation, the Georgia Research Alliance, and our eight participating institutions (Georgia State University, Emory University, Georgia Institute of Technology, Morehouse School of Medicine, Clark-Atlanta University, Spelman College, Morehouse College, Morris Brown College). The CBN provides the resources to foster innovative research in behavioral neuroscience, with a specific focu...

  16. ''Low-temperature'' behavior of a phase-slip center

    The differential resistance of the voltage-current characteristic generated by an isolated phase-slip center in a superconducting tin whisker has been measured down to 50 mK below its critical temperature. As a function of the temperature the differential resistance shows a resonancelike behavior with a maximum at the temperature where charge-imbalance waves excited by the phase-slip center have their maximum decay length, suggesting that the observed maximum of the differential resistance gives experimental evidence for charge-imbalance waves arising from a phase-slip center

  17. A new system of nonthermal filaments near the Galactic center

    Bally, John; Yusef-Zadeh, Farhad


    The discovery of a new system of bright nonthermal filaments near the Galactic center is reported. This system is located in the interior of the western lobe of the Galactic center lobes and at the edge of a molecular cloud centered at V(LSR) of roughly -140 km/s in a relatively uncluttered field. The cloud has spectral lines about 50 km/s wide in (C-12)O, (C-13)O, and CS and a mass of order 100,000 solar.

  18. Nanoscale fluorescence lifetime imaging with a single diamond NV center

    Beams, Ryan; Johnson, Timothy W; Oh, Sang-Hyun; Novotny, Lukas; Vamivakas, Nick


    Solid-state quantum emitters, such as artificially engineered quantum dots or naturally occurring defects in solids, are being investigated for applications ranging from quantum information science and optoelectronics to biomedical imaging. Recently, these same systems have also been studied from the perspective of nanoscale metrology. In this letter we study the near-field optical properties of a diamond nanocrystal hosting a single nitrogen vacancy center. We find that the nitrogen vacancy center is a sensitive probe of the surrounding electromagnetic mode structure. We exploit this sensitivity to demonstrate nanoscale fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM) with a single nitrogen vacancy center by imaging the local density of states of an optical antenna.

  19. Attitudes and buying behaviour of customers of a shopping center

    Kolářová, Zuzana


    The topic of thesis is "The attitudes and buying behavior of customers of a shopping center." The aim of this work was to evaluate the attitudes and buying behavior of customers, specifically in the Business Centre Čtyři Dvory in České Budějovice, which conducted a questionnaire survey. At the same time also set targets for evaluation in this shopping center, depending on gender and determine whether they are in the center of satisfied customers buying From the perspective of a range of produ...

  20. Data Center Consolidation: A Step towards Infrastructure Clouds

    Winter, Markus

    Application service providers face enormous challenges and rising costs in managing and operating a growing number of heterogeneous system and computing landscapes. Limitations of traditional computing environments force IT decision-makers to reorganize computing resources within the data center, as continuous growth leads to an inefficient utilization of the underlying hardware infrastructure. This paper discusses a way for infrastructure providers to improve data center operations based on the findings of a case study on resource utilization of very large business applications and presents an outlook beyond server consolidation endeavors, transforming corporate data centers into compute clouds.

  1. Human-centered incubator: beyond a design concept

    Goossens, R.H.M.; Willemsen, H.


    We read with interest the paper by Ferris and Shepley1 on a human-centered design project with university students on neonatal incubators. It is interesting to see that in the design solutions and concepts as presented by Ferris and Shepley,1 human-centered design played an important role. In 2005, a master thesis project was carried out in the Delft University of Technology, following a similar human-centered design approach.2, 3 In that design project we also addressed the noise level insid...

  2. A possible role of chemotaxis in germinal center formation

    Beyer, T; Soff, G; Beyer, Tilo; Meyer-Hermann, Michael; Soff, Gerhard


    During the germinal center reaction a characteristic morphology is developed. In the framework of a recently developed space-time-model for the germinal center a mechanism for the formation of dark and light zones has been proposed. The mechanism is based on a diffusing differentiation signal which is secerned by follicular dendritic cells. Here, we investigate a possible influence of recently found chemokines for the germinal center formation in the framework of a single-cell-based stochastic and discrete three-dimensional model. We will also consider alternative possible chemotactic pathways that may play a role for the development of both zones. Our results suggest that the centrocyte motility resulting from a follicular dendritic cell-derived chemokine has to exceed a lower limit to allow the separation of centroblasts and centrocytes. In contrast to light microscopy the dark zone is ring shaped. This suggests that FDC-derived chemoattractants alone cannot explain the typical germinal center morphology.

  3. A hybrid network architecture for modular data centers

    Radhakrishnan, Sivasankar


    The emergence of the mega data center has resulted in the basic building block of ever larger data centers changing from a rack comprising tens of servers to a self-contained modular shipping container that holds upto a thousand servers. These self-contained modular blocks include networking, power and cooling equipment besides servers. However, provisioning bandwidth between these containers at a large scale is still a significant challenge. Traditional approaches to provisioning bandwidth u...

  4. Cloud data centers and cost modeling a complete guide to planning, designing and building a cloud data center

    Wu, Caesar


    Cloud Data Centers and Cost Modeling establishes a framework for strategic decision-makers to facilitate the development of cloud data centers. Just as building a house requires a clear understanding of the blueprints, architecture, and costs of the project; building a cloud-based data center requires similar knowledge. The authors take a theoretical and practical approach, starting with the key questions to help uncover needs and clarify project scope. They then demonstrate probability tools to test and support decisions, and provide processes that resolve key issues. After laying a foundati

  5. Ghana's experience in the establishment of a national data center

    Ekua, Amponsah Paulina; Yaw, Serfor-Armah


    The government of Ghana in a bilateral agreement with the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) has established a National Data Center in Ghana with the aim of monitoring the testing of nuclear explosions. Seismic, hydroacoustic, radionuclide and infrasound methods are used for the monitoring. The data center was commissioned on 3 February, 2010 at the Ghana Atomic Energy Commission. At present Ghana does not have any operational, centralised data (seismic, hydroacoustic, radionuclide and infrasound) acquisition system with the capability of accessing data from other international stations. Hence, the need of setting up the National Data Center which would enable us constantly monitor, manage and coordinate both natural and man-made seismic activities in the country and around the globe, upload data to the International Data Center (IDC) as well as receive and use International Monitoring System (IMS) data and IDC products for treaty verification and compliance. Apart from these, the center also accesses and analyzes seismic waveforms relevant to its needs from the International Data Center; makes data available to its stakeholder institutions for earthquake disaster mitigation; reports on all aspects of disasters related to earthquake to the relevant government agencies that deal with disasters; makes recommendations to the government of Ghana on earthquake safety measures; provides information to assist government institutions to develop appropriate land and building policies. The center in collaboration with stakeholder agencies periodically organises public lectures on earthquake disaster risk mitigation.

  6. Underreporting of fatal cases to a regional poison control center.

    Blanc, P D; Kearney, T E; Olson, K.R.


    We assessed fatal drug overdose and poisoning case surveillance by a regional poison control center, comparing it with medical examiner determinations of death by poisoning over the same 2-year period and from the same catchment area. We studied 358 fatal cases of poisoning or drug overdose reported by a medical examiner and 10 fatal cases of poisoning or drug overdose reported by a poison control center, analyzing demographics and other case-associated factors with with possible successful p...

  7. Engineering Solution of a Basic Call-Center Model

    Ward Whitt


    An algorithm is developed to rapidly compute approximations for all the standard steady-state performance measures in the basic call-center queueing model M/GI/s/r+GI, which has a Poisson arrival process, independent and identically distributed (IID) service times with a general distribution, s servers, r extra waiting spaces and IID customer abandonment times with a general distribution. Empirical studies of call centers indicate that the service-time and abandon-time distributions often are...

  8. The Universe Observing Center a modern center to teach and communicate astronomy

    Ribas, Salvador J.


    The Universe Observing Center is one of the parts of the Parc Astronòmic Montsec (PAM). PAM is an initiative of the Catalan government, through the Consorci del Montsec (Montsec Consortium), to take advantage of the capabilities and potential of the Montsec region to develop scientific research, training and outreach activities, particularly in the field of Astronomy. The choice of the Montsec mountains to install the PAM was motivated by the magnificent conditions for observing the sky at night; the sky above Montsec is the best (natural sky free of light pollution) in Catalonia for astronomical observations. The PAM has two main parts: the Observatori Astronòmic del Montsec (OAdM) and the Universe Observing Center (COU). The OAdM is a professional observatory with an 80-cm catadioptric telescope (Joan Oró Telescope). This telescope is a robotic telescope that can be controlled from anywhere in the world via the Internet. The COU is a large multipurpose center which is intended to become an educational benchmark for teaching and communicate astronomy and other sciences in Catalonia. The management of the COU has three main goals: 1) Teach primary and secondary school students in our Educational Training Camp. 2) Teach university students housing the practical astronomy lectures of the universities. 3) Communicate astronomy to the general public. The COU comprises special areas for these purposes: the Telescopes Park with more than 20 telescopes, a coelostat for solar observations and two dome containing full-automated telescopes. The most special equipment is ``The Eye of Montsec'', with its 12m dome containing a multimedia digital planetarium and a platform for direct observation of the sky and the environment. During 2009 we expect around 10000 visitors in Montsec area to enjoy science with Montsec dark skies and an special natural environment.

  9. College Psychotherapy at a Hong Kong Counseling Center

    Leung, Eugenie Y.


    This article presents an online interview about college psychotherapy at a Hong Kong counseling center. The interview discusses how students generally feel about going for counseling or therapy and how common it is in Hong Kong.

  10. Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis: experience of a tertiary referral center.

    Phelan, P J


    Encapsulating peritoneal sclerosis (EPS) is arguably the most serious complication of chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD) therapy with extremely high mortality rates. We aimed to establish the rates of EPS and factors associated with its development in a single center.

  11. Application of a reliability centered maintenence on a drilling system

    Langlo, Frank


    The first part of the thesis is an introduction of the drilling system where the theoretical background of the drilling system is described. Then the reliability centered maintenance (RCM) methodology is described. RCM is a logic way of identifying what equipment that needs to be maintained with a preventative maintenance basis rather than letting it fail and then fix it basis, commonly referred to as the run to failure (RTF). The maintenance strategies are described in 3.2 Reliability cen...

  12. Running a seismic data center with Antelope at ZAMG

    Horn, Nikolaus


    Beeing one one of the first customers of the commercial data acquisition system Antelope, ZAMG has now over 10 years of experience running a medium size data center with the commercial software package Antelope from BRTT. We outline the configuration of the data center facilities, and describe a few application that have been designed based on the Antelope toolbox for software development. Since ZAMG hosts the Austrian NDC, we present the usage of the Antelope software in that framework.

  13. Human-centered design of a distributed knowledge management system.

    Rinkus, Susan; Walji, Muhammad; Johnson-Throop, Kathy A; Malin, Jane T; Turley, James P; Smith, Jack W; Zhang, Jiajie


    Many healthcare technology projects fail due to the lack of consideration of human issues, such as workflow, organizational change, and usability, during the design and implementation stages of a project's development process. Even when human issues are considered, the consideration is typically on designing better user interfaces. We argue that human-centered computing goes beyond a better user interface: it should include considerations of users, functions and tasks that are fundamental to human-centered computing. From this perspective, we integrated a previously developed human-centered methodology with a Project Design Lifecycle, and we applied this integration in the design of a complex distributed knowledge management system for the Biomedical Engineer (BME) domain in the Mission Control Center at NASA Johnson Space Center. We analyzed this complex system, identified its problems, generated systems requirements, and provided specifications of a replacement prototype for effective organizational memory and knowledge management. We demonstrated the value provided by our human-centered approach and described the unique properties, structures, and processes discovered using this methodology and how they contributed in the design of the prototype. PMID:15694881

  14. Veterinary Science Students, Center Changing a Reservation

    Blackwater, Jasmine


    Kayenta is a rural community located in northeastern Arizona on a Navajo reservation. On the reservation, many families rely on their livestock for income, and as a result, many reservation high school students show a great interest in agricultural education. Having livestock on the reservation is not just a source of income, but also part of a…

  15. RF Regional Technical Centers for MPC and A Sustainability Operations

    The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) programmatic vision to be a catalyst in Russia's assumption of responsibility for long-term system operation is exemplified in the sustainability cooperation with the RF Ministry of Defense (MOD). An identified goal for the MPC and A Program is to encourage the development of Russian Federation (RF) capabilities and commitments to operate and maintain safeguard improvements. The RF MOD Technical Support Center development fulfills the NNSA mission and MPC and A Program goal. The regional technical center concept involves a systematic approach to aid in the determination of the level of sustainability assistance required to transition operators, maintenance, training, and testing of MPC and A systems to the RF MOD. This paper describes the process used to create the RF MOD Technical support center. First are described the needs analyses conducted to determine the key system sustainability factors requiring support. These sustainability functions are then compiled to influence the form and ultimate physical design of the technical support center. Operational interfaces are described, in detail that show the benefit of the center to the individual sites. Finally, benefits relating to information accessibility and other economies of scale are described that highlight the central center concept's strengths

  16. Chronic gastritis in China: a national multi-center survey

    Du, Yiqi; Bai, Yu; Xie, Pei; Fang, Jingyuan; Wang, Xiaozhong; Hou, Xiaohua; TIAN, DEAN; Wang, Chengdang; Liu, Yandi; Sha, Weihong; Wang, Bangmao; Li, Yanqing; Zhang, Guoliang; Li, Yan; Shi, Ruihua


    Background Chronic gastritis is one of the most common findings at upper endoscopy in the general population, and chronic atrophic gastritis is epidemiologically associated with the occurrence of gastric cancer. However, the current status of diagnosis and treatment of chronic gastritis in China is unclear. Methods A multi-center national study was performed; all patients who underwent diagnostic upper endoscopy for evaluation of gastrointestinal symptoms from 33 centers were enrolled. Data i...

  17. Accounting Instruction in a Business Learning Center.

    Polisky, Mildred K.


    Describes the individualized audiovisual approach to teaching beginning accounting at a Wisconsin technical college. Discusses how it began as a remedial lab, its theories of individualized instruction, how the pilot project worked, and why this method is used. (CT)

  18. Conducting Research: A Student-Centered Model.

    Duffield, Judith A.


    Claims that the importance of gaining information literacy skills is in the use of information rather than the finding of information but that many students undertaking research projects do not understand this. Describes a research process model developed for use in a classroom setting and gives a sample lesson using its steps: presearch, search,…

  19. Oklahoma: A View of the Center

    Jones, Ruthe Blalock; Depriest, Maria; Fowler, Cynthia


    This article presents a dialogue on twentieth-century Oklahoma artists and writers given at a conference titled "Working from Community: American Indian Art and Literature in a Historical and Cultural Context" and held in the summer of 2003 at Evergreen State College in Olympia, Washington. Twenty-five educators converged for six weeks of…

  20. Finding topological center of a geographic space via road network

    Gao, Liang; Miao, Yanan; Qin, Yuhao; Zhao, Xiaomei; Gao, Zi-You


    Previous studies show that the center of a geographic space is of great importance in urban and regional studies, including study of population distribution, urban growth modeling, and scaling properties of urban systems, etc. But how to well define and how to efficiently extract the center of a geographic space are still largely unknown. Recently, Jiang et al. have presented a definition of topological center by their block detection (BD) algorithm. Despite the fact that they first introduced the definition and discovered the 'true center', in human minds, their algorithm left several redundancies in its traversal process. Here, we propose an alternative road-cycle detection (RCD) algorithm to find the topological center, which extracts the outmost road-cycle recursively. To foster the application of the topological center in related research fields, we first reproduce the BD algorithm in Python (pyBD), then implement the RCD algorithm in two ways: the ArcPy implementation (arcRCD) and the Python implementation (pyRCD). After the experiments on twenty-four typical road networks, we find that the results of our RCD algorithm are consistent with those of Jiang's BD algorithm. We also find that the RCD algorithm is at least seven times more efficient than the BD algorithm on all the ten typical road networks.

  1. Waldorf Schools: A Child-Centered System.

    Ogletree, Earl J.

    This paper presents an overview of the philosophy, psychology of learning, teaching methods, and curriculum of the Waldorf Schools. Most Waldorf teachers are influenced by the esoteric form of critical idealism propounded by Rudolf Steiner. The child is considered by Steiner to be a spiritual being who has reincarnated on to earth in a physical…

  2. Role of a circle's center in visual interpolation.

    Huang, Liqiang; Vul, Edward


    Basic geometric patterns like straight lines and circles seem fundamental to human perception and mental imagery. In this study we examined subjects' ability to interpolate circular curves-to derive the whole circle from an arc of 180 degrees or less. Specifically, we tested how the center point is utilized during such visual interpolation. Naturally, a mechanism that interpolates by extending the curvature of the visible arc will be unaffected by the presence or absence of the center point. On the other hand, a mechanism that achieves the same end by completing the circle from estimates of the center and radius will be significantly aided by the presence of the center. We found that when the visible arc was long (180 degrees), presenting the circle's center did not affect the precision with which subjects localized the invisible section. However, when the visible arc was relatively short (90 degrees or 45 degrees), displaying the center point significantly increased spatial precision. Thus, both computational mechanisms appear to exist. PMID:16542702

  3. Mathematica a problem-centered approach

    Hazrat, Roozbeh


    This textbook introduces the vast array of features and powerful mathematical functions of Mathematica using a multitude of clearly presented examples and worked-out problems. Each section starts with a description of a new topic and some basic examples. The author then demonstrates the use of new commands through three categories of problems - the first category highlights those essential parts of the text that demonstrate the use of new commands in Mathematica whilst solving each problem presented; - the second comprises problems that further demonstrate the use of commands previously introduced to tackle different situations; and - the third presents more challenging problems for further study. The intention is to enable the reader to learn from the codes, thus avoiding long and exhausting explanations. While based on a computer algebra course taught to undergraduate students of mathematics, science, engineering and finance, the book also includes chapters on calculus and solving equations, and graphics, t...

  4. Handcrafting Attachment: A User-Centered Approach

    George S. Lowry


    Full Text Available Management, above all, is the controlling element responsible for coordinating the three basic business functions; production, marketing, and finance.  Mechanisms exist to facilitate the finance function with influence coming from outside regulatory bodies such as the AICPA, IIA, SEC, and other regulators.  Integrating the finance function into organizations, then, becomes somewhat generic (although some would argue this point.  Coordinating the functions of marketing and production is a much more difficult endeavor because it lacks the standardization seen in finance.  This paper suggests employing a more user-focused approach as a means to improving the overall quality of products, and eventually, the success of the organization.  Specifically, this paper explores the role of the human brain in the calculus of choice, discusses the role of consumer involvement as it leads to product attachment, and offers suggestions for employing contextual research to improve product design and quality.

  5. Complexity as a cost driver in international call center management - Case: The Lufthansa Service Center Network

    Heimo, Taina


    Objectives of the Study The purpose of this study was to examine the phenomenon of complexity and its effect on the cost of providing call center services. Furthermore, the goal was to analyze how call center management can influence these costs. The research is positioned in the field of call center management, while complexity – defined in this study as the variety of services, and the characteristics of and requirements set for the service delivery – formed the starting point and motiv...

  6. Enrollment Management: A Market-Centered Perspective

    Kalsbeek, David H.; Hossler, Donald


    Enrollment management, the authors suggested in earlier essays, is a deliberate process of achieving an institution's preferred enrollment profile, starting by identifying the strategic purposes and mission of the institution, and then orchestrating the marketing, recruitment, admissions, pricing and aid, retention programs, academic support…

  7. Expanding role of a blood center

    Jaisy Mathai


    Full Text Available Materials and Methods: The study was performed on prospective donors who reported to the Department of Transfusion Medicine. Individuals deferred due to hypertension contributed the study population. They were compared with age and sex matched donor controls. Demographic details were recorded in a proforma. On identification of a hypertensive individual, consequent two comparable donors were taken as controls with a total of 50 hypertensive subjects. Hypertensive status of the subjects were assessed based on the criteria formulated by the WHO-ISH and US Seventh Joint National Committee report on prevention, detection, evaluation and treatment of high blood pressure. Results: About 0.95% of healthy blood donors had undetected hypertension. Mean age at detection of hypertension in the study group was 35.44 ± 7.69 years. Higher BMI was observed in the hypertensive group compared to normotensive control group with P value significant at 0.0001. Conclusion: About 1% of healthy individuals were found to have undetected hypertension. Though the study was not designed to determine the prevalence of hypertension in the region, it is a rough estimate of the proportion of undetected hypertension in the local population as donors are considered as representative of healthy population.


    Ismayilova, Elnara


    Abstarct: The article about the Azerbaijan city and this place is very interesting for every tourists. There are a lot of ancient monuments and historical places in Sheki. You can see Azerbaijan traditions, old history, delicious cuisine and beautiful nature, too. Every tourists can stay in Caravanserai hotel, to walk forest Markhal, to eat delicious “Sheki halva” and watch old game of Azerbaijan “Chovgan” in Sheki city.

  9. Financial Planning for Military Child Care Centers: A Guidebook Based on the Experiences of the Fort Lewis Child Care Center.

    Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manpower and Reserve Affairs (DOD), Washington, DC.

    Good record keeping--along with a constant and detailed knowledge of expenses, income, profit, and loss--is the first step toward profitable management of a child care center. Good record keeping is especially important in a center that provides "drop-in" or occasional care because income may fluctuate greatly as a result of the variable number of…

  10. Brunam: a development centered on the tube

    In more than 20 years, the Brunam company has become a leader in the domain of tube intervention operations of three different kinds: prevention and analysis, onload operations, exploitation materials. The 1996 overturn of the company has improved with respect to 1995 and reached 40 millions of French Francs. Today's activity of the company is devoted to natural gas industry (50%), to petroleum and petrochemistry industry (40%), and to nuclear industry (10%). This short paper describes the three aspects of the company intervention operations and the research and development services provided to Gaz de France (GdF) company for the renovation of the French natural gas network. (J.S.)

  11. Trephine stoma: Outcomes in a single center

    Abdullah Oğuz


    Full Text Available Objective: Fecal diversion is often indicated in cases with fecal incontinence, Fournier’s gangrene, anal fistula, and inoperable obstructive anorectal cancer. Trephine colostomy can be performed without necessitating laparotomy. We present our experience related to the outcome of trephine sigmoid colostomy. Methods: The retrospective study included 14 patients who underwent trephine colostomy due to various conditions including Fournier’s gangrene, inoperable anorectal cancer, recto-vaginal fistula, and benign stricture due to radiotherapy at our clinic between January 2010 and January 2015. Results: Patients comprised 4 females and 10 males with a mean age of 52.07 years. The indications for stoma formation were Fournier’s gangrene in 7 cases, inoperable anorectal cancer in 5, rectovaginal fistula in 1, and benign stricture due to radiotherapy in 1 case. Eight patients underwent surgery under regional anesthesia. All the patients underwent trephine loop sigmoid colostomy. One patient had second operation on the postoperative period due to colostomy prolapse. The temporary stomas were closed in 3 months. Mean length of hospital stay was 14 days. Conclusion: Trephine stoma is a relatively simple, safe and rapid procedure and an effective alternative to colostomy formation without laparotomy indications. It can be performed under emergency or elective conditions with low morbidity. J Clin Exp Invest 2015; 6 (2: 87-90

  12. Neonatal gastric perforation: A single center experience

    Jeik; Byun; Hyun; Young; Kim; Seung; Yeon; Noh; Soo; Hong; Kim; Sung; Eun; Jung; Seong; Cheol; Lee; Kwi; Won; Park


    AIM: To determine the etiology and prognostic factors for neonatal gastric perforation(NGP), a rare but life-threatening disease.METHODS: Between 1980 and 2011, nine patients un-derwent surgical intervention for NGP at Seoul National University Children’s Hospital. The characteristics and prognosis of the patients were retrospectively analyzed.RESULTS: Among the nine patients, three(33.3%) were preterm babies and five(55.5%) had associated anomalies, which included diaphragmatic eventration(n = 2), congenital diaphragmatic hernia, esophageal atresia with tracheoesophageal fistula, and antral web. Three(33.3%) patients were born before 1990 and three(33.3%) had a birth weight < 2500 g. Pneumo-peritoneum was found on preoperative images in six(66.7%) patients, and incidentally in the other three(33.3%) patients. Surgery was performed within 24 h after the onset of symptoms in seven(77.8%) patients. The overall mortality rate was 22.2%(2/9). The time between symptoms and surgical intervention was the only prognostic factor for survival, whereas premature birth and birth weight were not.CONCLUSION: Early detection and advances in neo-natal intensive care may improve the prognosis of NGP.

  13. The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Research Data Archive: a Data Education Center

    Peng, G. S.; Schuster, D.


    The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) Research Data Archive (RDA),, is not just another data center or data archive. It is a data education center. We not only serve data, we TEACH data. Weather and climate data is the original "Big Data" dataset and lessons learned while playing with weather data are applicable to a wide range of data investigations. Erroneous data assumptions are the Achilles heel of Big Data. It doesn't matter how much data you crunch if the data is not what you think it is. Each dataset archived at the RDA is assigned to a data specialist (DS) who curates the data. If a user has a question not answered in the dataset information web pages, they can call or email a skilled DS for further clarification. The RDA's diverse staff—with academic training in meteorology, oceanography, engineering (electrical, civil, ocean and database), mathematics, physics, chemistry and information science—means we likely have someone who "speaks your language." Data discovery is another difficult Big Data problem; one can only solve problems with data if one can find the right data. Metadata, both machine and human-generated, underpin the RDA data search tools. Users can quickly find datasets by name or dataset ID number. They can also perform a faceted search that successively narrows the options by user requirements or simply kick off an indexed search with a few words. Weather data formats can be difficult to read for non-expert users; it's usually packed in binary formats requiring specialized software and parameter names use specialized vocabularies. DSs create detailed information pages for each dataset and maintain lists of helpful software, documentation and links of information around the web. We further grow the level of sophistication of the users with tips, tutorials and data stories on the RDA Blog, How-to video tutorials are also posted on the NCAR Computational and Information Systems

  14. Posterior Urethral Valves ; A Single Center Experience

    Alireza Mirshemirani


    Full Text Available Objective: Posterior urethral valves (PUV are the most common cause of bladder outlet obstruction in infancy that impair renal and bladder function. This study was planned to evaluate and record the various clinical presentations and management, complications, and surgical management and long-term outcome of PUV.Methods: In a retrospective study, 98 patients who have been treated for PUV are evaluated in Mofid Children’s Hospital from January 2007 to December 2012. Detailed history taken and paraclinical examinations were performed in each patient and diagnosis was confirmed by voiding-cysto-urethrography (VCUG. PUV had been ablated in 62 patients by electric hook, and diversion was performed in 42 (42.85% cases. Data were analyzed by SPSS software version18.Findings: Totally 98 patients with mean age at diagnosis 62 (±13 days were included in this study. Fifty seven cases had been catheterized within one to 6 days of life (mean age one day, PUV was ablated in 62 patients by electric hook, and diversion was performed in 42 cases. The most common symptom in our group was dribbling poor stream 51% and urinary tract infection (UTI 40.8%. There was vesico-ureteral-reflux (VUR in 61.2%, and hydronephrosis in 82.6%. Most common associated anomaly was kidney anomalies (multicystic kidney disease and renal agenesis/dysplasia in 8 (8.2% patients. Twenty patients had prenatal diagnosis of PUV. Complication occurred in three (3.1% patients. Mortality occurred in 5 (5.1% patients. Mean follow-up period was 3.4±1.2 years (1.5 months to 5 years.Conclusion: Urinary drainage by feeding tube in early days of infancy, followed by valve ablation is the best treatment in PUV, and urinary diversion improves the outcome. VCUG is still the gold-standard imaging modality for documenting PUVs. The factors like renal dysplasia and UTI have their role in final outcome.

  15. Student-Centered and Teacher-Centered Classroom Management: A Case Study of Three Elementary Teachers

    Garrett, Tracey


    The major purpose of this case study was to document the classroom management beliefs and practices of three teachers reputed to implement student-centered instruction and to examine the relationship between their instructional and managerial approaches. More specifically, do teachers who use student-centered instruction also implement…


    Kovalenko A. V.


    Full Text Available The modern Russian companies have realized the need of automation of document flow not only as a mean of keeping documents in order, but also as a tool of optimization of expenses, as an assistant in adoption of administrative decisions. The Russian market of information systems for long time had no software products intended for educational institutions. The majority of the automated systems are intended for the enterprises with an activity in the sphere of trade and production. In comparison with the above companies, the list of software products for commercial training centers is small. Even considering the developed line of programs it is impossible to speak about meeting all the requirements for companies of such activity. At creation of the automated system for training center, the analysis of the existing software products intended for automation of training centers and adjacent institutes was carried out; a number of features of activity are revealed. The article is devoted to the description of the developed automated information system of document flow of a commercial educational institution, namely the developed configuration of "Training center" on a platform of "1C: Enterprise 8.2". The developed program complex serving as the administrative tool for the analysis of economic activity of training center, scheduling of the educational equipment and teaching structure, payroll calculation taking into account specifics of branch has been presented in the article

  17. Integrating Automation into a Multi-Mission Operations Center

    Surka, Derek M.; Jones, Lori; Crouse, Patrick; Cary, Everett A, Jr.; Esposito, Timothy C.


    NASA Goddard Space Flight Center's Space Science Mission Operations (SSMO) Project is currently tackling the challenge of minimizing ground operations costs for multiple satellites that have surpassed their prime mission phase and are well into extended mission. These missions are being reengineered into a multi-mission operations center built around modern information technologies and a common ground system infrastructure. The effort began with the integration of four SMEX missions into a similar architecture that provides command and control capabilities and demonstrates fleet automation and control concepts as a pathfinder for additional mission integrations. The reengineered ground system, called the Multi-Mission Operations Center (MMOC), is now undergoing a transformation to support other SSMO missions, which include SOHO, Wind, and ACE. This paper presents the automation principles and lessons learned to date for integrating automation into an existing operations environment for multiple satellites.

  18. A center vortex representaton of the classical SU(2) vacuum

    Olesen, P


    The classical massless SU(2) field theory has an infinite number of gauge equivalent representations of the vacuum. We show that among these there exists a center vortex representation with some similarity to the quantum vacuum of the same theory. This classical perturbative SU(2) vacuum consists of a lattice of center vortex pairs combining to triviality. However, this triviality is broken by perturbations, for example by adding a mass term, or by considering the electroweak theory where the Higgs field does the breaking, or by quantum fluctuations like in QCD.

  19. Integrating Mindfulness Meditation within a University Counseling Center Setting

    Kurash, Cheryl; Schaul, Jonathan


    This paper documents the development of a mindfulness meditation component within a University Counseling Center setting. The specific focus is upon the inclusion of meditation as it pertains to both organizational structure and psychotherapy training. The integration of a meditation practice into any organization is a slow process that poses…

  20. A Dynamical Model for Hot Gas in the Galactic Center

    Quataert, Eliot


    Winds from massive stars supply ~ 10^{-3} solar masss/year of gas to the central parsec of the Galactic Center. Spherically symmetric hydrodynamic calculations show that ~ 1 % of this gas, or ~ 10^{-5} solar masses/year, flows in towards the central massive black hole Sgr A*; the remaining gas, ~ 10^{-3} solar masses/year, is thermally driven out of the central star cluster in a wind. This dynamical model accounts for the level of diffuse X-ray emission observed in the Galactic Center by Chan...

  1. A radio search for planetary nebulae near the galactic center

    Because of galactic center is a hostile environment, and because planetaries are weak radio emitters, it is not clear a priori that one expects to detect any planetary nebulae at all in the nuclear region of the Galaxy. Therefore the expected lifetime and flux density distribution of galactic center nebulae is considered. The principal observational results from the Westerbork data, and the results of some pilot observations with the Very Large Array, which were intended to distinguish planetaries from other radio sources on an individual basis are given. (Auth.)

  2. The e-research center: transforming a traditional science library

    Bedard, Martha; van Reenen, Johann


    At the University of New Mexico Libraries (UL) a year long process engaged faculty, students and library personnel in developing a new mission for the Centennial Science and Engineering Library (CSEL) that will re-purpose it to serve the evolving need for facilitating e-research. The authors discuss the vision of the UL for being at the center of data intensive and cyber-enabled research and the planned development of the eResearch Center (eRC). They share the planning process and ideas to re...

  3. Electric power transmission for a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center (HNEC)

    A study of nuclear energy centers was conducted by the Atomic Energy Commission and reported in WASH 1288, Evaluation of Nuclear Energy Centers, January 1974. The portion of the study covering a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center (HNEC) was conducted by Battelle-Northwest, and a preliminary study of transmission of HNEC power was prepared with the assistance of the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA). In 1975 the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) requested a more detailed study of the HNEC, one aspect of which focuses on the transmission system. The transmission system was developed through a series of technical discussions with BPA personnel responsible for transmission system planning. The purpose of the discussions is to further develop a concept of a system which will transmit power from HNEC to markets in the Pacific Northwest, and to compare it with a system to serve the same loads from dispersed generating capacity; the major portion of the dispersed capacity would be in the general vicinity of load centers. The latter alternative would follow conventional siting practice and is referred to as a distributed (DIST) 100% system or case for 1998, and (DIST) 150% case for 2002. The planning of a power transmission system is an iterative process developed over a considerable time period. The report is an initial iteration, and substantial further studies will be required to firm up a transmission system from an HNEC, should such a generation expansion develop. Some of the required additional studies are presented in the last section of the report

  4. Building Fluent Performance in a Customer Call Center.

    Binder, Carl; Sweeney, Lee


    Discusses the potential for improving training and coaching program effectiveness by using fluency-development methods. Describes the revision of a new-hire training program in a customer call center that applied a fluency-based approach to reduce training time by one-third, accelerate productivity readiness, and surpass benchmark productivity…

  5. Group Treatment of Eating Disorders in a University Counseling Center.

    Snodgrass, Gregory; And Others

    Sociocultural pressures to pursue an unrealistic ideal of thinness have contributed to an increasing number of students seeking help at a university counseling center for the eating disorders of anorexia nervosa and bulimia. To help these students, a group treatment technique was developed using a cognitive-behavioral approach. Treatment…

  6. Medicine as a corporate enterprise, patient welfare centered profession, or patient welfare centered professional enterprise?

    Ajai R. Singh


    become a corporate enterprise or remain a patient welfare centered profession. A third approach involves an eclectic resolution of the two. Such amount of patient welfare as also ensures profit, and such amount of profit as also ensures patient welfare is to be forwarded. For, profit, without patient welfare, is blind. And patient welfare, without profit, is lame. According to this approach, medicine becomes a patient welfare centered professional enterprise. The various ramifications of each of these approaches are discussed in this monograph.

  7. Developing a center for Hispanic youth violence prevention.

    Mirabal-Colón, Brenda


    Youth violence is a serious public health problem, described by the Surgeon General's Report on Youth Violence (2001). Homicide is the second cause of death for the 15-24 age population in the USA and Puerto Rico; intentional injuries also result in significant morbidity. Youth are at greater risk of being victims than perpetrators of violence. African American and Hispanic youth are at particular risk. Effective, community-based initiatives to prevent youth violence are necessary to interrupt the cycle of violence. In 2000, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of the Department of Health and Human Services awarded grants to establish ten Academic Centers of Excellence for Youth Violence Prevention. This article describes the development of the Center for Hispanic Youth Violence Prevention, of the FILIUS Institute of the University of Puerto Rico. PMID:12733449

  8. Progress to a Gallium-Arsenide Deep-Center Laser

    Janet L. Pan


    Full Text Available Although photoluminescence from gallium-arsenide (GaAs deep-centers was first observed in the 1960s, semiconductor lasers have always utilized conduction-to-valence-band transitions. Here we review recent materials studies leading to the first GaAs deep-center laser. First, we summarize well-known properties: nature of deep-center complexes, Franck-Condon effect, hotoluminescence. Second, we describe our recent work: insensitivity of photoluminescence with heating, striking differences between electroluminescence and photoluminescence, correlation between transitions to deep-states and absence of bandgap-emission. Room-temperature stimulated-emission from GaAs deep-centers was observed at low electrical injection, and could be tuned from the bandgap to half-the-bandgap (900–1,600 nm by changing the electrical injection. The first GaAs deep-center laser was demonstrated with electrical injection, and exhibited a threshold of less than 27 mA/cm2 in continuous-wave mode at room temperature at the important 1.54 μm fiber-optic wavelength. This small injection for laser action was explained by fast depopulation of the lower state of the optical transition (fast capture of free holes onto deep-centers, which maintains the population inversion. The evidence for laser action included: superlinear L-I curve, quasi-Fermi level separations satisfying Bernard-Duraffourg’s criterion, optical gains larger than known significant losses, clamping of the optical-emission from lossy modes unable to reach laser action, pinning of the population distribution during laser action.

  9. A web-based database for EPR centers in semiconductors

    Umeda, T. [Graduate School of Library, Information, and Media Studies, Research Center for Knowledge Communities, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8550 (Japan)]. E-mail:; Hagiwara, S. [Graduate School of Library, Information, and Media Studies, Research Center for Knowledge Communities, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8550 (Japan); Katagiri, M. [Graduate School of Library, Information, and Media Studies, Research Center for Knowledge Communities, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8550 (Japan); Mizuochi, N. [Graduate School of Library, Information, and Media Studies, Research Center for Knowledge Communities, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8550 (Japan); Isoya, J. [Graduate School of Library, Information, and Media Studies, Research Center for Knowledge Communities, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba 305-8550 (Japan)


    We develop a web-based database system for electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) centers in semiconductors. This database is available to anyone at It currently has more than 300 records of the spin-Hamiltonian parameters for major known EPR centers. One can upload own new records to the database or can use simulation tools powered by EPR-NMR(C). Here, we describe the features and objectives of this database, and mention some future plans.

  10. Fluor Hanford ALARA Center is a D and D Resource

    The mission at the Hanford Nuclear Reservation changed when the last reactor plant was shut down in 1989 and work was started to place all the facilities in a safe condition and begin decontamination, deactivation, decommissioning, and demolition (D and D). These facilities consisted of old shutdown reactor plants, spent fuel pools, processing facilities, and 177 underground tanks containing 53 million gallons of highly radioactive and toxic liquids and sludge. New skills were needed by the workforce to accomplish this mission. By 1995, workers were in the process of getting the facilities in a safe condition and it became obvious improvements were needed in their tools, equipment and work practices. The Hanford ALARA Program looked good on paper, but did little to help contractors that were working in the field. The Radiological Control Director decided that the ALARA program needed to be upgraded and a significant improvement could be made if workers had a place they could visit that had samples of the latest technology and could talk to experienced personnel who have had success doing D and D work. Two senior health physics personnel who had many years experience in doing radiological work were chosen to obtain tools and equipment from vendors and find a location centrally located on the Hanford site. Vendors were asked to loan their latest tools and equipment for display. Most vendors responded and the Hanford ALARA Center of Technology opened on October 1, 1996. Today, the ALARA Center includes a classroom for conducting training and a mockup area with gloveboxes. Two large rooms have a containment tent, several glove bags, samples of fixatives/expandable foam, coating displays, protective clothing, heat stress technology, cutting tools, HEPA filtered vacuums, ventilation units, pumps, hydraulic wrenches, communications equipment, shears, nibblers, shrouded tooling, and several examples of innovative tools developed by the Hanford facilities. See Figures I and

  11. "Hospes": The Wabash Center as a Site of Transformative Hospitality

    Jones, Carolyn M.


    The Wabash Center for Teaching and Learning in Theology and Religion is a place of hospitality and its staff the epitome of the "good host." This essay explores the meaning of hospitality, including its problematic dimensions, drawing on a number of voices and texts: Jacques Derrida's "Of Hospitality"; Henri M. Nouwen's "Reaching Out: The Three…

  12. A College Financial Management Center: What Do Students Think?

    Vienne, Kristy; Slate, John R.


    With the increasing cost of a college education on the rise, college administrators need to address the long term financial, psychological, and academic risks associated with the increased responsibility of personal debt. In this qualitative study, college students' perspectives regarding the need for a personal financial management center at a…

  13. Worker-Centered Learning: A Union Guide to Workplace Literacy.

    Sarmiento, Anthony R.; Kay, Ann

    This guide examines organized labor's views on adult literacy. It also describes several union-sponsored workplace education programs and suggests how a union can plan and operate a worker-centered literacy program. The book is organized in three parts. The first part examines workplace literacy in four chapters that cover the following: the…

  14. Toward a User-Centered Academic Library Home Page

    McHale, Nina


    In the past decade, academic libraries have struggled with the design of an effective library home page. Since librarians' mental models of information architecture differ from those of their patrons, usability assessments are necessary in designing a user-centered home page. This study details a usability sequence of card sort and paper and…

  15. A community sharing hands-on centers in engineer's training

    jean-pierre jpt Taboy


    Full Text Available As teachers in Technical Universities, we must think about the engineer's training. We need good applicants, up to date hardware and software for hand-on. Each university don't have enough money and technical people to cover the new needs. A community sharing remote hand-on centers could be a solution.

  16. Bugs, Planes, and Ferris Wheels: A Problem-Centered Curriculum

    Campbell, William E.; Kemp, Joyce C.; Zia, Joan H.


    This article describes a problem-centered curriculum for grades 9-12, using problem sets developed by a mathematics department and designed to take the place of textbooks. The students discover mathematical concepts in the context of the problems and activities in the materials.

  17. Human-centered text mining: a new software system

    J. Poelmans; P. Elzinga; A.A. Neznanov; G. Dedene; S. Viaene; S. Kuznetsov


    In this paper we introduce a novel human-centered data mining software system which was designed to gain intelligence from unstructured textual data. The architecture takes its roots in several case studies which were a collaboration between the Amsterdam-Amstelland Police, GasthuisZusters Antwerpen

  18. Creating a Resource Center for Homeschoolers: The Impact of Technology.

    Javid, Mahnaz A.


    Summarizes the findings of a two-month case study of Edmonds Cyberschool (Washington), a resource center for homeschoolers. The study focused on the impact of technology on students' learning as indicated in three areas: attitude toward technology, the use of technology, and value of technology versus other available resources. (Author/LRW)

  19. Traumatic ruptured globe eye injuries in a large urban center

    Burstein ES


    Full Text Available Eitan S Burstein, Douglas R LazzaroDepartments of Ophthalmology, SUNY Downstate Medical Center and Kings County Hospital Center, Brooklyn, NY, USABackground: The purpose of this study was to examine patient characteristics and outcomes in a group of consecutive patients with ruptured globe eye injuries at Kings County Hospital Center, a large, urban, level 1 trauma center.Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed to identify all patients with ruptured globe eye injuries seen between January 2009 and October 2011. Thirty-eight patients who sustained ruptured globe eye injuries from all causes were investigated for etiology and final visual outcomesResults: Eight eyes in which vision could be assessed were evaluated as having no light perception at presentation and three of these eyes required primary enucleation. Of the 38 eyes, orbit fractures were found in 15 eyes and an intraocular foreign body was found in six eyes.Discussion: Our cohort revealed a 37.5% rate of primary enucleation in eyes with no light perception, which we believe to be a reflection of the severity of injury. All three cases were secondary to a gunshot wound. Further, our sample, although small in size, revealed a very high percentage of eyes that were ruptured secondary to violent causes compared with other studies.Keywords: rupture, trauma, violence, urban, epidemiology, emergency, globe

  20. A Distributed Weighted Voting Approach for Accurate Eye Center Estimation

    Gagandeep Singh


    Full Text Available This paper proposes a novel approach for accurate estimation of eye center in face images. A distributed voting based approach in which every pixel votes is adopted for potential eye center candidates. The votes are distributed over a subset of pixels which lie in a direction which is opposite to gradient direction and the weightage of votes is distributed according to a novel mechanism.  First, image is normalized to eliminate illumination variations and its edge map is generated using Canny edge detector. Distributed voting is applied on the edge image to generate different eye center candidates. Morphological closing and local maxima search are used to reduce the number of candidates. A classifier based on spatial and intensity information is used to choose the correct candidates for the locations of eye center. The proposed approach was tested on BioID face database and resulted in better Iris detection rate than the state-of-the-art. The proposed approach is robust against illumination variation, small pose variations, presence of eye glasses and partial occlusion of eyes.Defence Science Journal, 2013, 63(3, pp.292-297, DOI:

  1. Off-Center D- Centers in a Quantum Dot in the Presence of a Perpendicular Magnetic Fields

    XIE Wen-Fang


    We investigate the effect of the position of the donor in quantum dots on the energy spectrum in the presence ofa perpendicular magnetic field by using the method of few-body physics. As a function of the magnetic field, we find, when D- centers are placed sufficiently off-center, discontinuous ground-state transitions which are similar to those found in many-electron parabolic quantum dots. Series of magic numbers of angular momentum which minimize the ground-state electron-electron interaction energy have been discovered. The dependence of the binding energy of the ground-state of the 1D- center on the dot radius for a few values of the magnetic field strength is obtained and compared with other results.

  2. "Out in the Rural: A Health Center in Mississippi"

    Carolyn Chu


    Full Text Available Prior to the 1960s, most health care in the United States had been delivered privately to those who could afford it or administered via church-based “charity” systems to those who could not. When President Lyndon B. Johnson and the federal government declared a “war on poverty” via the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, medical and civil rights activists seized the opportunity to create public health systems that could reduce disparities in wealth and health. At the time H. Jack Geiger was a young doctor working at Tufts University. As a medical student, Dr. Geiger had studied the principles of Community Oriented Primary Care with Sidney Kark and colleagues in rural Natal, South Africa. [See page 116 of this issue] Along with the residents of North Bolivar County, Mississippi, Dr. Geiger worked to establish a center that would combine local resources with federal funds to empower this economically devastated community of the Mississippi Delta. By establishing a network of aggressive outreach and education efforts, and developing multiple health employment opportunities, the Delta Health Center and its participants became an engine for social reform. The Community Health Center model was adopted widely by the federal government and today is administered by the Bureau of Primary Care ( Dr. Geiger is currently a Professor Emeritus at the Department of Community Health and Social Medicine at the Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education at City College in New York City. The film Shot in the fall of 1969 and the winter of 1970, “Out in the Rural: A Health Center in Mississippi” highlights one of the very first Community Health Centers in the United States: the Tufts-Delta Health Center of North Bolivar County, Mississippi. The film captures the broad vision of a community health center involved in far more than traditional medical diagnosis and treatment. Credits Music: The Locust Grove Choir and The Shelby Male

  3. HMI/ SCADA standards in the design of data center interfaces: A network operations center case study

    Said Filali-Yachou


    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta la evaluación de las interfaces de la sala del Centro de Operaciones NOC (Network Operations Cent er del NAP (Network Access Point de Canarias, siguiendo estándares y normativas HMI, así como la guía ergonómica de supervisión GEDI S. En base a los resultados obtenid os, se presenta un prototipo de mejora de la interfaz actual.El Centro de Operaciones NOC del Instituto Tecnológico y de Energías Renovables (ITER se encarga de monit orizar las diversas infraestructuras del Data Center como son l a climatización, suminis tro eléctrico, protec ción contra incendio s, seguridad, centros técnicos, parques eólicos, plantas fotovo ltaicas, así como las distintas infraestructura s desplegadas alrededor del c able submarino perteneciente al consorcio de Cana-Link (el cabl e que une la Península y Canarias, el anillo terrestre y la Red IRIS. Para unificar algunos de estos sistemas y facilitar la tarea diaria de supervisión, se emplea un software SC ADA especializad o en la gestió n de edificios.

  4. Interdisciplinarity in work process at a Psychosocial Attention Center

    Maria Salete Bessa Jorge


    Full Text Available Objective: To analyze the work process of mental health professionals from a Psychosocial Attention Center (CAPS, from the knowledge and the practices applied in the production of care and its interface with user’s demands and the service offering. Methods: A case study with qualitative approach. Twenty-eight subjects joined in and were divided into three groups: I (eleven mental health workers, II (eleven users e III (six family members. The semistructured interview was used besides systematic observation, in the search for data about the work process of the professionals of the Psychosocial Attention Center, the relationship between team and user, offering and demand, access, technologies of care, knowledge and practices and interdisciplinarity. The investigation was based upon critical content analysis and was oriented by the flowchart analyzer. Results: The service organization and its work process are directed to the immediate supply of the population’s demands, which depicts a care based on prescriptive practices. Thus, the flow of assistance and the service offering complement each other in the need of a procedure and in its exhaustive offering by the service, dissolving interdisciplinary conductions of intervention shared with the user.Conclusion: Mental health care is still surrounded by biomedical hegemony centered in procedures directed to pharmacological prescription. Despite this reality, the work centered on the user and the utilization of soft technologies – communication, link, welcoming – begin to take part of the daily CAPS service offering, although it is only present in specific activities of certain procedures.

  5. A mathematical model on germinal center kinetics andtermination

    Kesmir, Can; De Boer, R.J.


    We devise a mathematical model to study germinal center (GC) kinetics. Earlier models for GC kinetics areextended by explicitly modeling 1) the cell division history of centroblasts, 2) the Ag uptake by centrocytes,and 3) T cell dynamics. Allowing for T cell kinetics and T-B cell interactions, we...

  6. The Career Center: Becoming Paperless is a Bonus.

    Allen, Claudia


    Looks at how technology is changing the way career centers conduct business. Examines the move toward a "paperless office" and the risk of not serving everyone by going paperless. Describes ways in which technology is increasing student preparedness and the need to answer students increasingly informed questions in person. (RJM)

  7. The Use of Clinical Hypnosis in a College Counseling Center.

    Cohen, Herbert A.

    This report describes the use of hypnosis at the Hiram College Counseling Center, a counseling technique that has been especially helpful in academic, athletic, and personal improvement areas. The induction techniques of hypnosis are described as well as the use of hyperempiria. The use of hypnosis in improving study habits and alleviating test…

  8. A knowledge-centered paradigm for operations and design

    A paradigm premised on the reactor design basis and on its systems, structures, and components also governs nuclear power plant operations. This machine-centered paradigm emphasizes a functional and discipline-based division of responsibilities, which can create hierarchical 'silos' and 'stovepipes' inhibiting the development and lateral exchange of knowledge about safety-critical system interactions. A knowledge-centered paradigm instead encourages the timely development, analysis, and exchange of information about system conditions and their likely consequences. This new paradigm puts operational focus on the importance of operating experience, informative root cause analyses, effective corrective actions, and cross-discipline exchange and cooperation. Although the knowledge-centered paradigm is already central to three main strategies of risk reduction, it is less likely to be recognized as such in terms of priorities, resources, and training: configuration control, control room operations, and root cause analysis. To maintain the capacity for safe shutdown and to preserve public trust, the knowledge-centered paradigm places as high a priority on interactions of safety-critical knowledge as it does on interactions of safety-critical systems, structures, and components. (author)

  9. Bulimia: Issues a University Counseling Center Needs To Address.

    Whitner, Phillip A.; Shetterly, Arminta

    The eating disorder known as bulimia is a relatively new and baffling phenomenon. This paper raises questions that college and university counseling center professionals need to address regarding this phenomenon. The first section focuses on defining the term "bulimia" and its evolution. The second section identifies numerous symptoms that need to…

  10. Modeling of uncertainties in reliability centered maintenance - a probabilistic approach

    Uncertainties in the decision making of reliability centered maintenance (RCM) are discussed. These uncertainties might be unacceptable in many practical applications, leading to non-optimum maintenance strategies. An alternative approach, opening for specified uncertainties is shown to correct this defect. Exemplifying the approach, a simple fire detection system is discussed

  11. Challenging Our Assumptions: Helping a Baby Adjust to Center Care.

    Elliot, Enid


    Contends that assumptions concerning infants' adjustment to child center care need to be tempered with attention to observation, thought, and commitment to each individual baby. Describes the Options Daycare program for pregnant teens and young mothers. Presents a case study illustrating the need for openness in strategy and planning for…

  12. A simulation approach to a virtual base defense operating center

    Athmer, Keith; Gaughan, Chris


    The TRADOC Maneuver Support Center of Excellence (MSCoE) is the Army proponent for protection and in turn, has the mission to support fixed site protection issues. To this end, the Maneuver Support Battle Lab (MSBL) developed a Virtual Base Defense Operating Center (VBDOC) capability that was initiated in support of the Force Protection Joint Experiment (FPJE) to examine data fusion enhancements and improvements to the Common Operating Picture (COP) display. Furthermore BDOC Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs), Tactics, Techniques and Procedures (TTPs), and Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) capabilities were examined in order to optimize manpower, reduce exposure of friendly personnel, and improve force protection. The Modeling and Simulation (M&S) architecture was especially important due to the cost of providing realistic environments, such as Chemical Biological Radiological Nuclear (CBRN) hazards, and the availability of soldiers for experimentation. The VBDOC simulation architecture contains a force-on-force simulation, a CBRN simulation, a desktop UGV Advanced Concepts Research Tool (ACRT) and a sensor controller using the Distributed Interactive Simulation (DIS) protocol. This simulation architecture stimulated actual Command and Control (C2) systems including the Joint Battlespace Command and Control System (JBC2S) and the Joint Warning and Reporting Network (JWARN). These C2 systems, along with video feeds from various sensors and unmanned vehicles, were used by Battle Captains and staffs for situational awareness of the battlefield while conducting the experiment. The VBDOC capability offers a controlled environment to study fixed site protection issues, such as future Concept of Operation (CONOP)/TTP/SOP development and refinement, examining emerging concepts, and assessing specific technology capabilities.

  13. Building a High Performance Computing Infrastructure for Novosibirsk Scientific Center

    Novosibirsk Scientific Center (NSC), also known worldwide as Akademgorodok, is one of the largest Russian scientific centers hosting Novosibirsk State University (NSU) and more than 35 research organizations of the Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences including Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics (BINP), Institute of Computational Technologies (ICT), and Institute of Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Geophysics (ICM and MG). Since each institute has specific requirements on the architecture of the computing farms involved in its research field, currently we've got several computing facilities hosted by NSC institutes, each optimized for the particular set of tasks, of which the largest are the NSU Supercomputer Center, Siberian Supercomputer Center (ICM and MG), and a Grid Computing Facility of BINP. Recently a dedicated optical network with the initial bandwidth of 10 Gbps connecting these three facilities was built in order to make it possible to share the computing resources among the research communities of participating institutes, thus providing a common platform for building the computing infrastructure for various scientific projects. Unification of the computing infrastructure is achieved by extensive use of virtualization technologies based on XEN and KVM platforms. The solution implemented was tested thoroughly within the computing environment of KEDR detector experiment which is being carried out at BINP, and foreseen to be applied to the use cases of other HEP experiments in the upcoming future.

  14. Study of a conceptual nuclear energy center at Green River, Utah. Power demand, load center assessment and transmission

    This document constitutes a segment of a feasibility study investigating the ramification of constructing a nuclear energy center in an arid western region. In this phase of the study. The projected power demands and load center locations were reviewed and assessed. Alternative transmission systems were analysed and a conceptual transmission for bulk power transportation is proposed with potential line routes. Environmental impacts of the proposed transmission were also identified

  15. Implementing multidisciplinary research center infrastructure - A trendsetting example: SUNUM

    Birkan, Burak; Özgüz, Volkan Hüsnü; Ozguz, Volkan Husnu


    Sabanci University Nanotechnology Research and Application Center (SUNUM) became operational in January 2012. SUNUM is a trendsetting example of a green and flexible research facility that is a test bed for the cost-effective operation of a Centralized Demand-Controlled Ventilation (CDCV) system, a state-of-the-art cleanroom, and world-class high technology equipment. The total investment in the facility was US$35 million.

  16. A Paradigm Shift in Law Enforcement Training in the Bahamas: Teacher-Centered to Learner-Centered

    Hunter-Johnson, Yvonne


    Full Text Available This study focused on determining whether the learning preference of law enforcement officers in the Bahamas was either pedagogical (teacher-centered or andragogical (student-centered. Law enforcement personnel in a Bahamian police department were administered the Student Orientation Questionnaire (SOQ developed by Christian (1982. One hundred and sixty-eight individuals completed the SOQ. Chi square statistics were calculated on the variables of educational level and gender. The preferred learning orientation was primarily andragogical; those with higher education levels tended to have a higher andragogical orientation. There were no differences by gender. As a result of the findings, a three-step approach is proposed to transition the training environment from one that is teacher-centered to one that is learner-centered

  17. Nursing Reference Center: a point-of-care resource.

    Vardell, Emily; Paulaitis, Gediminas Geddy


    Nursing Reference Center is a point-of-care resource designed for the practicing nurse, as well as nursing administrators, nursing faculty, and librarians. Users can search across multiple resources, including topical Quick Lessons, evidence-based care sheets, patient education materials, practice guidelines, and more. Additional features include continuing education modules, e-books, and a new iPhone application. A sample search and comparison with similar databases were conducted. PMID:22559182

  18. Thrombolytics in VAD management — A single-center experience

    Nair, N.; Schmitt, A A; E.M. Rau; Anders, S.; Sandler, D.; T.B. Icenogle


    Background: With continued increase in the use of mechanical circulatory support, the incidence of device thrombus remains a challenge. This study is a retrospective analysis of data at a single center to assess the safety and efficacy of thrombolytic use in durable mechanical assist devices. Methods: Data was analyzed retrospectively from 154 patients who underwent left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation from 1/1/2005 to 6/30/2014. The HMII device was implanted in 131 patients ...

  19. A Center for Mideast Oceanographic Data in Muscat, Oman

    Ingle, S.; Belabbassi, L.; Du Vall, K.; Wang, Z.


    Lighthouse designed and installed a real-time cabled ocean observing system off the northern coast of the Sultanate of Oman in 2005 and a second system, farther to the south, existed as autonomous moorings from 2005-2009 and was upgraded to a real-time cabled system in early 2010. Since 2005 Lighthouse has operated and maintained those systems to produce a wealth of data on a poorly understood region of the global oceans. The systems record data hourly on current velocities over a range of depths, and temperature, pressure, conductivity, dissolved oxygen and turbidity at the depth of the sensor; the northern system also collects seismic and bottom pressure (tsunami detection) information continuously. Processing codes for all data have been developed and honed over the years in cooperation with oceanographers from Texas A&M University. As a joint and complementary effort, ocean circulation and tsunami impact models have been developed for the regional waters near Oman. In Oman, our work is coordinated through the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries Wealth. From the beginning, Lighthouse has intended to transition data processing and analysis over to the Sultanate. To facilitate this transition, we propose to establish a Center for Mideast Oceanographic Data located in Muscat, Oman that may also serve as a regional oceanographic data depository and research center. Main activities to be carried out include: marine data processing and management, training of Omani professionals in data processing and analysis, facilitating regional and international collaboration by hosting workshops or short courses, and employing the models for research purposes. The center would work with the newly-established Hazard Monitoring Center to develop modeled now- and forecast products for marine operations and safety. The goal is to house, in a single location, datasets and models that will help Oman manage and maintain its marine environment and resources for generations to come.

  20. A Paradigm Shift in Law Enforcement Training in the Bahamas: Teacher-Centered to Learner-Centered

    Hunter-Johnson, Yvonne; James, Waynne B.


    This study focused on determining whether the learning preference of law enforcement officers in the Bahamas was either pedagogical (teacher-centered) or andragogical (student-centered). Law enforcement personnel in a Bahamian police department were administered the Student Orientation Questionnaire (SOQ) developed by Christian (1982). One hundred and sixty-eight individuals completed the SOQ. Chi square statistics were calculated on the variables of educational level and gender. The preferre...

  1. Hospital acquired diarrhea in a burn center of Tehran

    Faranak Alinejad; Mitra Barati; Mahbobe Satarzadeh Tabrisi; Mohsen Saberi


    Background and Objectives: Incidence of hospital-acquired diarrhea has increased rapidly and burn patients are at high risk of getting it. Infection with C. difficile is the most common cause of antibiotic associated diarrhea. The aim of this study was to determine the baseline characteristics and clinical presentation of hospital-acquired diarrhea and compare C. difficile and non-C. difficile diarrhea in burn patients treated at a burn center.Materials and Methods: During a 1-year study all ...

  2. Nanoscale fluorescence lifetime imaging with a single diamond NV center

    Beams, Ryan; Smith, Dallas; Johnson, Timothy W.; Oh, Sang-Hyun; Novotny, Lukas; Vamivakas, Nick


    Solid-state quantum emitters, such as artificially engineered quantum dots or naturally occurring defects in solids, are being investigated for applications ranging from quantum information science and optoelectronics to biomedical imaging. Recently, these same systems have also been studied from the perspective of nanoscale metrology. In this letter we study the near-field optical properties of a diamond nanocrystal hosting a single nitrogen vacancy center. We find that the nitrogen vacancy ...

  3. A scalable, adaptive, and extensible data center network architecture

    Al-Fares, Mohammad Abdulaziz


    Today's largest data centers contain tens of thousands of servers, and they will encompass hundreds of thousands in the very near future. These machines are designed to serve a rich mix of applications and clients with significant aggregate bandwidth requirements; distributed computing frameworks like MapReduce/Hadoop significantly stress the network interconnect, which when compounded with progressively oversubscribed topologies and inefficient multipath forwarding, can cause a major bottlen...

  4. Centering Pregnancy in Missouri: A System Level Analysis

    Xaverius, Pamela K.; Mary Alice Grady


    Background. Centering Pregnancy (CP) is an effective method of delivering prenatal care, yet providers have been slow to adopt the CP model. Our main hypothesis is that a site's adoption of CP is contingent upon knowledge of the CP, characteristics health care personnel, anticipated patient impact, and system readiness. Methods. Using a matched, pretest-posttest, observational design, 223 people completed pretest and posttest surveys. Our analysis included the effect of the seminar on the gro...

  5. Developing and implementing a patient-centered IT strategy.

    Malone, Eileen B; Kirchbdoerfer, Richard G; Wolford-Connors, Ann


    The Army Medical Department (AMEDD), a comprehensive worldwide integrated healthcare system with an annual budget of more than $6 billion, more than 50,000 employees, and 2.4 million beneficiaries, developed and implemented a comprehensive patient-centered enterprise-wide information management and information technology strategy to facilitate information management systems and infrastructure decisions by leaders. This article describes a patient-centered model used to organize and link healthcare activities and activity leaders to portray patient care, administrative, business, financial, supply, and strategic support information systems. Activity and IT leaders applied a refined strategic alignment model to identify specific clinical, business, and IT goals and to detail the necessary infrastructure investments using a systems view. The use of patient and process outcome measures tied to the AMEDD's Balanced Score Card' helped leaders to manage IT strategy execution. Now, two years into the effort, a sample activity strategy--outpatient care--is used to illustrate the application of these tools to the development and implementation of a patient-centered IT strategy. PMID:16045084

  6. Mining of Business-Oriented Conversations at a Call Center

    Takeuchi, Hironori; Nasukawa, Tetsuya; Watanabe, Hideo

    Recently it has become feasible to transcribe textual records from telephone conversations at call centers by using automatic speech recognition. In this research, we extended a text mining system for call summary records and constructed a conversation mining system for the business-oriented conversations at the call center. To acquire useful business insights from the conversational data through the text mining system, it is critical to identify appropriate textual segments and expressions as the viewpoints to focus on. In the analysis of call summary data using a text mining system, some experts defined the viewpoints for the analysis by looking at some sample records and by preparing the dictionaries based on frequent keywords in the sample dataset. However with conversations it is difficult to identify such viewpoints manually and in advance because the target data consists of complete transcripts that are often lengthy and redundant. In this research, we defined a model of the business-oriented conversations and proposed a mining method to identify segments that have impacts on the outcomes of the conversations and can then extract useful expressions in each of these identified segments. In the experiment, we processed the real datasets from a car rental service center and constructed a mining system. With this system, we show the effectiveness of the method based on the defined conversation model.

  7. A minimum attention control center for nuclear power plants

    Control Centers for Nuclear Power Plants have characteristically been designed for maximum attention by the operating staffs of these plants. Consequently, the monitoring, control and diagnostics oriented cognitive activities by these staffs, were mostly ''data-driven'' in nature. This paper addresses a control center concept, under development by Combustion Engineering, that promotes a more ''information-driven'' cognitive interaction process between the operator and the plant. The more ''intelligent'' and therefore less attentive nature of such interactive process utilizes computer implemented cognitive engineered algorithms. The underlying structure of these algorithms is based upon the Critical Function/Success Path monitoring principle. The paper highlights a typical implementation of the minimum attention concept for the handling of unfamiliar safety related events. (author)

  8. A person-centered communication and reflection model

    Zoffmann, Vibeke; Harder, Ingegerd; Kirkevold, Marit


    Shared decision making (SDM) is regarded as an ideal in chronic illness care but is difficult to implement in practice. Communication and reflection play an important role and need further investigation. Using grounded theory, we studied patient-provider interaction in a difficult and advanced area......: managing poorly controlled diabetes. A person-centered communication and reflection model was developed, identifying SDM in chronic care to be a question of professionals gaining insight into patients' decisions, rather than the opposite. The model reveals important choices in communication and reflection......, which were decisive for whether SDM was achieved or not. SDM involved co-creating person-centered knowledge: concrete evidence which empowered patients and professionals in problem solving. Although further testing is required, the general tenets of the model are expected to be applicable across chronic...

  9. Agriculture and biotechnology centers of the PAEC: a resume

    Pakistan recognized the role of nuclear techniques in agricultural and other biological research and started establishing goal-oriented, multi- disciplinary institutions to help agricultural research in the country. A core manpower was trained and centers established in the cities where most of the agricultural research was located; the objective was to supplement the research activity in areas where nuclear techniques would have a clear advantage. The first centre was established at Tandojam, Sindh and others at Faisalabad, Mymensingh, Peshawar and again at Faisalabad. Apart from agricultural research, these centers utilized their facilities and ventured into other areas such as biotechnology and can now take some pride in contributing in the country's economy and in development of human resource and helping develop a science culture in the country. With better management systems, the inputs seem to have been better utilized. That the end users and the government have recognized the contributions of these centers is evident from the number of farmers visiting these institutions for advice and the number of medals awarded to their scientists by the government. These institutes could, perhaps, have done even better yet it seems their positive contributions outweigh their deficiencies. In this piece of writing a brief history of these institutions is given and some information provided about the raison for their programmes and the environment under which the programmes were executed. A few of their salient achievements have also been mentioned. (author)

  10. Touch-Trigger Probe Error Compensation in a Machining Center

    Kinematic contact trigger probes are widely used for feature inspection and measurement on coordinate measurement machines (CMMs) and computer numerically controlled (CNC) machine tools. Recently, the probing accuracy has become one of the most important factors in the improvement of product quality, as the accuracy of such machining centers and measuring machines is increasing. Although high-accuracy probes using strain gauge can achieve this requirement, in this paper we study the universal economic kinematic contact probe to prove its probing mechanism and errors, and to try to make the best use of its performance. Stylus-ball-radius and center-alignment errors are proved, and the probing error mechanism on the 3D measuring coordinate is analyzed using numerical expressions. Macro algorithms are developed for the compensation of these errors, and actual tests and verifications are performed with a kinematic contact trigger probe and reference sphere on a CNC machine tool

  11. Reliability of generation at a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center (HNEC)

    A nuclear energy center characteristically would have large amounts of electric generating capacity in a relatively small geographical area. HNEC is a conceptual nuclear energy center containing 20 generating units of 1200 MW capacity each, located at Hanford, Washington. DS is an alternative concept; namely, 20 generating units of similar capacity in six clusters at sites along the Columbia and Willamette rivers in Washington and Oregon. HNEC in year 2005 could provide up to 30% of system capacity; typically utilities limit concentration of thermal plant generation to about 15% of system requirements. For this reason it is appropriate to examine the reliability of generation at a nuclear energy center to determine if it could be less than at dispersed sites because of local conditions and the close proximity of many generating units. In the report, reliability of generation HNEC is assessed by comparing it with that at Dispersed Sites (DS) throughout the Pacific Northwest. Reliability is measured in terms of two sets of risks: risk of forced outage, and risk of user power shortage

  12. Reliability of generation at a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center (HNEC)

    Clark, R.G.; Dowis, W.J.


    A nuclear energy center characteristically would have large amounts of electric generating capacity in a relatively small geographical area. HNEC is a conceptual nuclear energy center containing 20 generating units of 1200 MW capacity each, located at Hanford, Washington. DS is an alternative concept; namely, 20 generating units of similar capacity in six clusters at sites along the Columbia and Willamette rivers in Washington and Oregon. HNEC in year 2005 could provide up to 30% of system capacity; typically utilities limit concentration of thermal plant generation to about 15% of system requirements. For this reason it is appropriate to examine the reliability of generation at a nuclear energy center to determine if it could be less than at dispersed sites because of local conditions and the close proximity of many generating units. In the report, reliability of generation HNEC is assessed by comparing it with that at Dispersed Sites (DS) throughout the Pacific Northwest. Reliability is measured in terms of two sets of risks: risk of forced outage, and risk of user power shortage.

  13. The users centered design of a new digital fluorometer

    The fluorometer is an equipment used in chemical analysis laboratories, research institutes and nuclear fuel cycle companies. This equipment measures an unknown amount of uranium in ores, rivers, etc. The fluorometer functioning is based on the uranium fluorescence when submitted to the ultraviolet radiation incidence. The fluorescence is measured by an electronic optic system with optics filters, photomultiplier tube, and a current amplifier. The user centered design involves the user in the product development in all phases of the design process. Users are not simply consulted at the beginning of the design process and evaluated the system at the end; they are treated as partners throughout the design process. The user centered design emphasizes the needs and abilities of the users and improves the usability of the equipment. The activity centered design emphasizes the development of the equipment with a deep understanding of the users activities and of the current work practices of the users. The aim of this paper is to present a methodological framework that contributes to the design and evaluation of a new digital fluorometer towards an approach related to the users and their activities. This methodological framework includes users-based testing, interviews, questionnaires, human factors standards and guidelines, the users activity analysis and users satisfaction questionnaire. (author)

  14. The users centered design of a new digital fluorometer

    The fluorometer is the equipment used in chemical analysis laboratories, research institutes and nuclear fuel cycle companies. This equipment measures an unknown amount of uranium in ores, rivers, etc. The fluorometer functioning is based on the uranium fluorescence when submitted to the ultraviolet radiation incidence. The fluorescence is measured by an electronic optic system with optics filters, photomultiplier tube, and a current amplifier. The user centered design involves the user in the product development in all phases of the design process. Users are not simply consulted at the beginning of the design process and evaluated the system at the end; they are treated as partners throughout the design process. The user centered design emphasizes the needs and abilities of the users and improves the usability of the equipment. The activity centered design emphasizes the development of the equipment with a deep understanding of the users activities and of the current work practices of the users. The aim of this paper is to present a methodological framework that contributes to the design and evaluation of a new digital fluorometer towards an approach related to the users and their activities. This methodological framework includes users-based testing, interviews, questionnaires, human factors standards and guidelines, the users activity analysis and users satisfaction questionnaire. (author)

  15. User-centered iterative design of a collaborative virtual environment

    Boswell, James E.


    Most tasks that are desirable to train in a virtual environment are not tasks that we do alone, but rather are executed collaboratively with one or more team members. Yet little is known about how to construct virtual environment training systems that support collaborative behavior. The purpose of this thesis was to explore methodologies for developing collaborative virtual environments for training. Our approach centered on analyzing task or training specific requirements for the simulation ...

  16. Cultivating Data Expertise and Roles at a National Research Center

    Thompson, C. A.


    As research becomes more computation and data-intensive, it brings new demands for staff that can manage complex data, design user services, and facilitate open access. Responding to these new demands, universities and research institutions are developing data services to support their scientists and scholarly communities. As more organizations extend their operations to research data, a better understanding of the staff roles and expertise required to support data-intensive research services is needed. What is data expertise - knowledge, skills, and roles? This study addresses this question through a case study of an exemplar research center, the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) in Boulder, CO. The NCAR case study results were supplemented and validated with a set of interviews of managers at additional geoscience data centers. To date, 11 interviews with NCAR staff and 19 interviews with managers at supplementary data centers have been completed. Selected preliminary results from the qualitative analysis will be reported in the poster: Data professionals have cultivated expertise in areas such as managing scientific data and products, understanding use and users, harnessing technology for data solutions, and standardizing metadata and data sets. Staff roles and responsibilities have evolved over the years to create new roles for data scientists, data managers/curators, data engineers, and senior managers of data teams, embedding data expertise into each NCAR lab. Explicit career paths and ladders for data professionals are limited but starting to emerge. NCAR has supported organization-wide efforts for data management, leveraging knowledge and best practices across all the labs and their staff. Based on preliminary results, NCAR provides a model for how organizations can build expertise and roles into their data service models. Data collection for this study is ongoing. The author anticipates that the results will help answer questions on what are

  17. A Science Center for the Advanced Composition Explorer

    Garrard, T. L.; Hammond, J S


    The Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) mission is supported by an ACE Science Center for the purposes of facilitating collaborative work. It is intended that coordinated use of a centralized science facility by the ACE team will ensure appropriate use of data formatting standards, thus easing access to the data; will improve communications within and to the ACE science working team; and will reduce redundant effort in data processing.

  18. A center's experience: pulmonary function in spinal cord injury.

    Schilero, Gregory J; Radulovic, Miroslav; Wecht, Jill M; Spungen, Ann M; Bauman, William A; Lesser, Marvin


    Traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is associated with significant psychological and physical challenges. A multidisciplinary approach to management is essential to ensure recovery during the acute phase, and comprehensive rehabilitative strategies are necessary to foster independence and quality of life throughout the chronic phase of injury. Complications that beset these individuals are often a unique consequence of SCI, and knowledge of the effects of SCI upon organ systems is essential for appropriate management. According to the National SCI Statistical Center (NSCISC), as of 2010 there were an estimated 265,000 persons living with SCI in the United States, with approximately 12,000 incidence cases annually. Although life expectancy for newly injured individuals with SCI is markedly reduced, persons with chronic SCI are expected to live about as long as individuals without SCI; however, longevity varies inversely with level of injury. Since 2005, 56 % of persons with SCI are tetraplegic, and due to paralysis of respiratory muscles, these individuals may be especially prone to pulmonary complications, which remain a major cause of mortality among persons with chronic SCI. We at the VA Rehabilitation Research and Development Center of Excellence for the Medical Consequences of SCI at the James J. Peters VA Medical Center have devoted more than 25 years to the study of secondary medical conditions that complicate SCI. Herein, we review pulmonary research at the Center, both our past and future endeavors, which form an integral part of our multidisciplinary approach toward achieving a greater understanding of and improving care for veterans with SCI. PMID:24723067

  19. Building a Student-Centered Culture in Times of Natural Disaster: A Case Study

    Hlinka, Karen Ramey


    Increased rates of student success and persistence have been positively linked to community colleges with student-centered cultures. A student-centered culture is one in which policies and practices promote a consistent message of concern and respect while expecting high standards of academic accomplishment. Developing a student-centered culture…

  20. Building diversity in a complex academic health center.

    South-Paul, Jeannette E; Roth, Loren; Davis, Paula K; Chen, Terence; Roman, Anna; Murrell, Audrey; Pettigrew, Chenits; Castleberry-Singleton, Candi; Schuman, Joel


    For 30 years, the many diversity-related health sciences programs targeting the University of Pittsburgh undergraduate campus, school of medicine, schools of the health sciences, clinical practice plan, and medical center were run independently and remained separate within the academic health center (AHC). This lack of coordination hampered their overall effectiveness in promoting diversity and inclusion. In 2007, a group of faculty and administrators from the university and the medical center recognized the need to improve institutional diversity and to better address local health disparities. In this article, the authors describe the process of linking the efforts of these institutions in a way that would be successful locally and applicable to other academic environments. First, they engaged an independent consultant to conduct a study of the AHC's diversity climate, interviewing current and former faculty and trainees to define the problem and identify areas for improvement. Next, they created the Physician Inclusion Council to address the findings of this study and to coordinate future efforts with institutional leaders. Finally, they formed four working committees to address (1) communications and outreach, (2) cultural competency, (3) recruitment, and (4) mentoring and retention. These committees oversaw the strategic development and implementation of all diversity and inclusion efforts. Together these steps led to structural changes within the AHC and the improved allocation of resources that have positioned the University of Pittsburgh to achieve not only diversity but also inclusion and to continue to address the health disparities in the Pittsburgh community. PMID:23886998

  1. An Instructional Resource Center in a Senior Dental Clinic.

    Berrong, Joseph M.; And Others


    Development of an instructional materials center and self-instructional materials on clinical dental procedures is described. The center is located near students' operatories and the student-tested programs were developed cost-effectively and relatively quickly. (MSE)

  2. Implementation of a virtual link between power system testbeds at Marshall Spaceflight Center and Lewis Research Center

    Doreswamy, Rajiv


    The Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) owns and operates a space station module power management and distribution (SSM-PMAD) testbed. This system, managed by expert systems, is used to analyze and develop power system automation techniques for Space Station Freedom. The Lewis Research Center (LeRC), Cleveland, Ohio, has developed and implemented a space station electrical power system (EPS) testbed. This system and its power management controller are representative of the overall Space Station Freedom power system. A virtual link is being implemented between the testbeds at MSFC and LeRC. This link would enable configuration of SSM-PMAD as a load center for the EPS testbed at LeRC. This connection will add to the versatility of both systems, and provide an environment of enhanced realism for operation of both testbeds.

  3. Job center

    To better meet the needs of AGU members, a program has been started to increase the effectiveness of the Job Center activity at the Spring and Fall Meetings. As a result, participation in the Job Center at the 1988 AGU Spring Meeting in Baltimore increased substantially compared to previous Spring Meetings. The number of employers, applicants, and interviews scheduled more than doubled compared to the 1987 Spring Job Center.In order to make the meeting Job Centers even better, a survey is being conducted of employers and applicants who participated in the 1988 Spring Job Center. Evaluation of this survey will be useful in continuing increased participation in and the effectiveness of the Job Center at the 1988 Fall Meeting. Past participants and those interested in the future of the Job Center are encouraged to forward comments and suggestions to AGU, Member Programs Division, 2000 Florida Ave., N.W., Washington, DC 20009.

  4. Wings: A New Paradigm in Human-Centered Design

    Schutte, Paul C.


    Many aircraft accidents/incidents investigations cite crew error as a causal factor (Boeing Commercial Airplane Group 1996). Human factors experts suggest that crew error has many underlying causes and should be the start of an accident investigation and not the end. One of those causes, the flight deck design, is correctable. If a flight deck design does not accommodate the human's unique abilities and deficits, crew error may simply be the manifestation of this mismatch. Pilots repeatedly report that they are "behind the aircraft" , i.e., they do not know what the automated aircraft is doing or how the aircraft is doing it until after the fact. Billings (1991) promotes the concept of "human-centered automation"; calling on designers to allocate appropriate control and information to the human. However, there is much ambiguity regarding what it mean's to be human-centered. What often are labeled as "human-centered designs" are actually designs where a human factors expert has been involved in the design process or designs where tests have shown that humans can operate them. While such designs may be excellent, they do not represent designs that are systematically produced according to some set of prescribed methods and procedures. This paper describes a design concept, called Wings, that offers a clearer definition for human-centered design. This new design concept is radically different from current design processes in that the design begins with the human and uses the human body as a metaphor for designing the aircraft. This is not because the human is the most important part of the aircraft (certainly the aircraft would be useless without lift and thrust), but because he is the least understood, the least programmable, and one of the more critical elements. The Wings design concept has three properties: a reversal in the design process, from aerodynamics-, structures-, and propulsion-centered to truly human-centered; a design metaphor that guides function

  5. A Proposed Approach for Prioritizing Maintenance at NASA Centers

    Dunn, Steven C.; Sawyer, Melvin H.


    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) manages a vast array of infrastructure assets across ten National Centers with a worth of at least 30 billion dollars. Eighty percent of this infrastructure is greater than 40 years old and is in degraded condition. Maintenance budgets are typically less than one percent of current replacement value (CRV), much less than the 2-4% recommended by the National Research Council. The maintenance backlog was 2.55 billion dollars in FY10 and growing. NASA s annual budgets have flattened and are at risk of being reduced, so the problem is becoming even more difficult. NASA Centers utilize various means to prioritize and accomplish maintenance within available budgets, though data is suspect and processes are variable. This paper offers a structured means to prioritize maintenance based on mission criticality and facility performance (ability of the facility to deliver on its purpose). Mission alignment is assessed using the current timeframe Mission Dependence Index and a measure of facility alignment with the 2011 NASA Strategic Plan for the long-term perspective. Facility performance is assessed by combining specific findings from a structured facility condition assessment and an assessment of actual functional output. These are then combined in a matrix to identify the facilities most critical to mission and able to deliver services. The purpose of this approach is to provide the best benefits for the available funding. Additionally, this rationale can also be applied to the prioritization of investment (recapitalization) projects so that the ultimate customers of this paper, the senior infrastructure managers at each NASA Center, are better able to strategically manage their capabilities.

  6. A Study on Self Centering of Face Bows

    Veerareddy, Chandrika; Srividya, S.; Chandrasekharan Nair, K.; Shetty, Jayakar; Vishwanath, G.


    Hanau spring bow has been in use since 1986. Hanau spring bow is claimed to maintain self centering property when it is positioned in the patient as well as in the articulator. However there is no documented evidence to prove that feature. Mainly it was due to the absence of a testing device. Exclusively for the present study, the testing device consisting of a platform, stops and distance measuring system was designed by the third author. This study proved that Hanau has the capability of se...

  7. Phosphorus vacancy in InP: A negative- U center

    Alatalo, M.; Nieminen, Risto M.; Puska, Martti J.; Seitsonen, A. P.; Virkkunen, R.


    Using first-principles simulations, we identify the phosphorous vacancy in InP as a negative-U center. The deep levels associated with this defect are in the upper half of the band gap, and the charge state changes directly from positive to negative as the Fermi level is raised: the vacancy captures two electrons rather than one. We also obtain the relaxed structures and formation energies for the In and P vacancies as a function of both electron and atomic chemical potentials. Peer reviewed

  8. Case study: a data warehouse for an academic medical center.

    Einbinder, J S; Scully, K W; Pates, R D; Schubart, J R; Reynolds, R E


    The clinical data repository (CDR) is a frequently updated relational data warehouse that provides users with direct access to detailed, flexible, and rapid retrospective views of clinical, administrative, and financial patient data for the University of Virginia Health System. This article presents a case study of the CDR, detailing its five-year history and focusing on the unique role of data warehousing in an academic medical center. Specifically, the CDR must support multiple missions, including research and education, in addition to administration and management. Users include not only analysts and administrators but clinicians, researchers, and students. PMID:11452578

  9. Holographic data storage in a DX-center material

    Redmond, I. R.; Linke, R. A.; Chuang, E.; Psaltis, D.


    We report on the optical storage of digital data in a semiconductor sample containing DX centers. The diffraction efficiency and the bit-error-rate performance of multiplexed data images are shown to agree well with a simple model of the material. Uniform storage without an exposure schedule is demonstrated. The volume sensitivity is found to be ~10^3 times that of LiNBO3:Fe. The importance of coherent addition of scattered light with diffracted light in holographic data storage is discussed.

  10. A phenomenological investigation of science center exhibition developers' expertise development

    Young, Denise L.

    The purpose of this study was to examine the exhibition developer role in the context of United States (U.S.) science centers, and more specifically, to investigate the way science center exhibition developers build their professional expertise. This research investigated how successfully practicing exhibition developers described their current practices, how they learned to be exhibition developers, and what factors were the most important to the developers in building their professional expertise. Qualitative data was gathered from 10 currently practicing exhibition developers from three science centers: the Exploratorium, San Francisco, California; the Field Museum, Chicago, Illinois; and the Science Museum of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota. In-depth, semistructured interviews were used to collect the data. The study embraced aspects of the phenomenological tradition and sought to derive a holistic understanding of the position and how expertise was built for it. The data were methodically coded and organized into themes prior to analysis. The data analysis found that the position consisted of numerous and varied activities, but the developers' primary roles were advocating for the visitor, storytelling, and mediating information and ideas. They conducted these activities in the context of a team and relied on an established exhibition planning process to guide their work. Developers described a process of learning exhibition development that was experiential in nature. Learning through daily practice was key, though they also consulted with mentors and relied on visitor studies to gauge the effectiveness of their work. They were adept at integrating prior knowledge gained from many aspects of their lives into their practice. The developers described several internal factors that contributed to their expertise development including the desire to help others, a natural curiosity about the world, a commitment to learning, and the ability to accept critique. They

  11. Optimal Design of a Center Support Quadruple Mass Gyroscope (CSQMG).

    Zhang, Tian; Zhou, Bin; Yin, Peng; Chen, Zhiyong; Zhang, Rong


    This paper reports a more complete description of the design process of the Center Support Quadruple Mass Gyroscope (CSQMG), a gyro expected to provide breakthrough performance for flat structures. The operation of the CSQMG is based on four lumped masses in a circumferential symmetric distribution, oscillating in anti-phase motion, and providing differential signal extraction. With its 4-fold symmetrical axes pattern, the CSQMG achieves a similar operation mode to Hemispherical Resonant Gyroscopes (HRGs). Compared to the conventional flat design, four Y-shaped coupling beams are used in this new pattern in order to adjust mode distribution and enhance the synchronization mechanism of operation modes. For the purpose of obtaining the optimal design of the CSQMG, a kind of applicative optimization flow is developed with a comprehensive derivation of the operation mode coordination, the pseudo mode inhibition, and the lumped mass twisting motion elimination. The experimental characterization of the CSQMG was performed at room temperature, and the center operation frequency is 6.8 kHz after tuning. Experiments show an Allan variance stability 0.12°/h (@100 s) and a white noise level about 0.72°/h/√Hz, which means that the CSQMG possesses great potential to achieve navigation grade performance. PMID:27136557

  12. Optimal Design of a Center Support Quadruple Mass Gyroscope (CSQMG

    Tian Zhang


    Full Text Available This paper reports a more complete description of the design process of the Center Support Quadruple Mass Gyroscope (CSQMG, a gyro expected to provide breakthrough performance for flat structures. The operation of the CSQMG is based on four lumped masses in a circumferential symmetric distribution, oscillating in anti-phase motion, and providing differential signal extraction. With its 4-fold symmetrical axes pattern, the CSQMG achieves a similar operation mode to Hemispherical Resonant Gyroscopes (HRGs. Compared to the conventional flat design, four Y-shaped coupling beams are used in this new pattern in order to adjust mode distribution and enhance the synchronization mechanism of operation modes. For the purpose of obtaining the optimal design of the CSQMG, a kind of applicative optimization flow is developed with a comprehensive derivation of the operation mode coordination, the pseudo mode inhibition, and the lumped mass twisting motion elimination. The experimental characterization of the CSQMG was performed at room temperature, and the center operation frequency is 6.8 kHz after tuning. Experiments show an Allan variance stability 0.12°/h (@100 s and a white noise level about 0.72°/h/√Hz, which means that the CSQMG possesses great potential to achieve navigation grade performance.

  13. Double Star Research: A Student-Centered Community of Practice

    Johnson, Jolyon


    Project and team-based pedagogies are increasingly augmenting lecture-style science classrooms. Occasionally, university professors will invite students to tangentially partcipate in their research. Since 2006, Dr. Russ Genet has led an astronomy research seminar for community college and high school students that allows participants to work closely with a melange of professional and advanced amatuer researchers. The vast majority of topics have centered on measuring the position angles and searations of double stars which can be readily published in the Journal of Double Star Observations. In the intervening years, a collaborative community of practice (Wenger, 1998) formed with the students as lead researchers on their projects with the guidance of experienced astronomers and educators. The students who join the research seminar are often well prepared for further STEM education in college and career. Today, the research seminar involves multile schools in multiple states with a volunteer educator acting as an assistant instructor at each location. These assistant instructors interface with remote observatories, ensure progress is made, and recruit students. The key deliverables from each student team include a published research paper and a public presentation online or in-person. Citing a published paper on scholarship and college applications gives students' educational carreers a boost. Recently the Journal of Double Star Observations published its first special issue of exlusively student-centered research.

  14. A Catalog of 24um Sources Toward the Galactic Center

    Hinz, J L; Yusef-Zadeh, F; Hewitt, J; Balog, Z; Block, M


    We present a 1.5deg x 8deg (220pc x 1195pc) Multiband Imaging Photometer for Spitzer 24um image of the Galactic Center and an accompanying point source list. This image is the highest spatial resolution (6" ~ 0.25pc) and sensitivity map ever taken across the GC at this wavelength, showing the emission by warm dust in unprecedented detail. Over 120,000 point sources are identified in this catalog with signal-to-noise ratios greater than five and flux densities from 0.6mJy to 9Jy.

  15. Abnormal Nutritional Factors in Patients Evaluated at a Neuropathy Center.

    Latov, Norman; Vo, Mary L; Chin, Russell L; Carey, Bridget T; Langsdorf, Jennifer A; Feuer, Naomi T


    Abnormal concentrations of nutritional factors were found in 24.1% of 187 patients with neuropathy who were newly seen at our academic neuropathy referral center over a 1-year period. All patients presented with sensory axonal or small fiber neuropathy. In 7.3%, they were present in association with at least one other identifiable cause for neuropathy. Elevated levels of pyridoxal phosphate or mercury occurred more frequently than deficiencies in vitamins B1, B12, or B6. The nutritional abnormalities are amenable to correction by dietary intervention. PMID:27224436

  16. Photoluminescence of a Te4+ center in zinc borate glass.

    Masai, Hirokazu; Yamada, Yasuhiro; Okumura, Shun; Kanemitsu, Yoshihiko; Yoko, Toshinobu


    Photoluminescent (PL) properties related to Te(4+) species in zinc borate glasses are examined. Broad emission was observed by the excitation of the PL excitation peak of Te(4+) present at the optical absorption edge. The emission intensity of Te(4+) in 5TeO(2)-50ZnO-45B(2)O(3) glass was thermally quenched in a temperature region over 100 K, suggesting that concentration quenching preferentially occurred. The lifetime of the emission was approximately 2.5 μs, which is characteristic of relaxation from the triplet excitation state of an ns(2)-type center. PMID:24081051

  17. Are we living near the center of a local void?

    Cusin, Giulia; Uzan, Jean-Philippe


    The properties of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) temperature and polarisation anisotropies measured by a static, off-centered observer located in a local spherically symmetric void, are described. In particular in this paper we compute, together with the standard 2- point angular correlation functions, the off-diagonal correlators, which are no more vanishing by symmetry. While the energy shift induced by the off-centered position of the observer can be suppressed by a proper choice of the observer velocity, a lensing-like effect on the CMB emission point remains. This latter effect is genuinely geometrical (e.g. non-degenerate with a boost) and reflects in the structure of the off-diagonal correlators. At lowest order in this effect, the temperature and polarisation correlation matrices have non-vanishing diagonal elements, as usual, and all the off-diagonal terms are excited. This particular signature of a local void model allows one, in principle, to disentangle geometrical effects from local kinema...

  18. A Synergistic Consequence Assessment Modeling Strategy for Emergency Operations Centers

    At the U.S. Department of Energy's Hanford Site, maintaining emergency preparedness and response capabilities is a high priority. A synergistic strategy has emerged for conducting consequence assessment modeling at the Hanford Site Emergency Operation Center (EOC). This strategy involves employing a two-pronged modeling approach. The first prong involves the use of fast, reliable, and locally hosted models to provide timely and conservative projections of the affected area and potential impacts. A key model used for this purpose is the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory?s APGEMS model. The second prong involves the use of sophisticated modeling resources that have greater functionality and flexibility but take longer to initialize, conduct a simulation, and deliver output products. This capability is provided by the National Atmospheric Release Advisory Center (NARAC). The Hanford EOC?s consequence assessment team has found it to be constructive to use both the APGEMS and NARAC models in their emergency preparedness training and exercises. Experience gained with the NARAC system has allowed Hanford EOC personnel to provide NARAC with constructive feedback on model usability, the appropriateness of some default modeling assumptions, and documentation needs. As a result of the synergism associated with using both modeling systems, the Hanford EOC is better positioned to efficiently assess potential consequences during an emergency response event and NARAC is better poised to provide improved modeling support for the Hanford region and other Department of Energy sites

  19. Sewing a Small Town: the renaissance of a historical center

    Beccaria, Giacomo; Bologna, Alberto; Gavello, Cinzia; Skjonsberg, Matthew


    The design themes focus on the renovation, reuse and re-utilization of old and valuable buildings, now in disuse, and the rethinking of public places to be integrated into the urban context, now partly in ruins and without an active identity to enhance the past of the town. The summer school will explore the possibilities of conscious interventions in the historic center through contemporary sustainable architecture. Addressing the new buildings within the residual spaces, the re-utilization ...

  20. Center for Space Power, Texas A and M University

    Jones, Ken

    Johnson Controls is a 106 year old company employing 42,000 people worldwide with $4.7 billion annual sales. Though we are new to the aerospace industry we are a world leader in automobile battery manufacturing, automotive seating, plastic bottling, and facilities environment controls. The battery division produces over 24,000,000 batteries annually under private label for the new car manufacturers and the replacement market. We are entering the aerospace market with the nickel hydrogen battery with the help of NASA's Center for Space Power at Texas A&M. Unlike traditional nickel hydrogen battery manufacturers, we are reaching beyond the space applications to the higher volume markets of aircraft starting and utility load leveling. Though space applications alone will not provide sufficient volume to support the economies of scale and opportunities for statistical process control, these additional terrestrial applications will. For example, nickel hydrogen batteries do not have the environmental problems of nickel cadmium or lead acid and may someday start your car or power your electric vehicle. However you envision the future, keep in mind that no manufacturer moves into a large volume market without fine tuning their process. The Center for Space Power at Texas A&M is providing indepth technical analysis of all of the materials and fabricated parts of our battery as well as thermal and mechanical design computer modeling. Several examples of what we are doing with nickel hydrogen chemistry to lead to these production efficiencies are presented.

  1. Classification of Family Risk in a Family Health Center

    Priscila Tadei Nakata


    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: to identify and classify the degree of family risk in a Family Health Center by means of a multidimensional evaluation instrument. METHOD: a cross-sectional study, with a quantitative and descriptive design, which evaluated 927 families registered in the center, which covers five micro-areas. The Coelho and Savassi Scale was applied, this consisting of 13 sentinels of evaluation of the social risk, using secondary data available in the File A of the families' medical records, in the last trimester of 2011. The data was analyzed using the SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences for Windows software, version 18.0. RESULTS: among the families studied, 68.5% were classified as not being at risk. It was ascertained that the smallest proportion of at-risk families (8.2% was found in micro-area 1, and that micro-area 4 had the highest proportion (55.9%. The most-prevalent risk situations were poor conditions of basic sanitation, systemic arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus and drug addiction. CONCLUSION: this study's results make it possible to create support for the planning of home visits, to implement health surveillance actions, and for health professionals to better understand the vulnerabilities of the families attended.

  2. Building a university and center for energy in Sumatra, Indonesia

    Szwilski, T. (Univ. of Kentucky, Lexington, KY (US))


    This paper reports that the Directorate General of Higher Education (DGHE) in Indonesia recognized the need to provide quality education to a rapidly expanding student population. This stimulus prompted DGHE to establish an Inter-University Center (IUC) for Energy in Palembang, Sumatra. The region was chosen because it is well endowed with large reserves of coal, petroleum and natural gas. The IUC will be one of many centers of excellence already established throughout Indonesia at more prestigious universities. Subsequently, funds were provided by the government of Indonesia to upgrade UNSRI. It currently has a small campus with very few physical facilities and a student population of about 9,000. The new campus will accommodate up to 20,000 students. It is presently being constructed on 300 hm{sup 2} (741 acres) of land 35 km (22 miles) south of Palembang, and a two-hour drive north of Bukit Asam, a large surface coal mine. There are many shortcomings in the energy sector in developing countries. Principal among these are the lack of experience and training of engineers and managers, inadequate training facilities and lack of familiarity with available new technology. Many key personnel in the energy industry graduate from universities with ill-designed curricula and inadequate and general support facilities.

  3. Rapid-Response Parenting Intervention in Diagnostic Centers as a Patient-Centered Innovation for Autism Spectrum Disorders

    McMillin, Stephen Edward; Bultas, Margaret W.; Wilmott, Jennifer; Grafeman, Sarah; Zand, Debra H.


    Parents of children newly diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders are a high-need population for whom skills-based parenting interventions likely help. Diagnostic centers are compelling locations to deliver parenting interventions because families are served in an accessible location and at a time they receive overwhelming treatment…

  4. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and World Data Center-A for atmospheric trace gases: Fiscal year 1995 annual report

    Burtis, M.D. [comp.; Cushman, R.M.; Boden, T.A.; Jones, S.B.; Nelson, T.; Stoss, F.W.


    Fiscal year 1995 was both a very productive year for the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center and a year of significant change. This document presents information about the most notable accomplishments made during the year. Topics include: high-lights; statistics; future plans; publications, presentations, and awards; and change in organization and staff.

  5. Clinical spectrum of hypopituitarism in India: A single center experience

    Abhay Gundgurthi


    Full Text Available Objectives: There is paucity of information regarding clinical profile of hypopituitarism from India. We report the clinical profile of hypopituitarism from a tertiary center in North India. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out in patients attending our endocrine center between January 2010 and December 2011. All new patients were studied prospectively and those registered before January 2010 retrospectively. Relevant clinical, hormonal, and imaging data were collected. Dynamic testing for pituitary functions was carried out as necessary. Hormonal deficiencies were defined as per prevailing recommendations. Results: This study included 113 subjects. The mean age was 38.6 ± 17.8 years (range, 4 - 76 years. There were 78 (69% males and 35 females (31%. There were 22 subjects aged ≤18 years (childhood and adolescence and 91 adults (>18 years. Visual disturbances were the most common presenting complaint (33%, though headache was the most common symptom (81%. Fifteen percent presented with pituitary apoplexy. Tumors comprised of 84% of cases. Hypogonadism (97% was the most common abnormality seen followed by hypothyroidism (83.2%, hypoadrenalism (79.6%, growth hormone deficiency (88.1% of the 42 patients tested, and diabetes insipidus (13.3%. Panhypopituitarism was seen in 104 (92% patients. There were no cases of hypopituitarism secondary to traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, central nervous system infections, or cranial irradiation to extrasellar tumors. Conclusion: The most common cause of hypopituitarism at tertiary care center is pituitary tumors and the commonest presenting complaint is visual symptoms. Panhypopituitarism is present in 92% cases.

  6. A Python Based Metal Center Parameter Builder.

    Li, Pengfei; Merz, Kenneth M

    2016-04-25, a python based metal center parameter builder, has been developed to build force fields for the simulation of metal complexes employing the bonded model approach. It has an optimized code structure, with far fewer required steps than the previous developed MCPB program. It supports various AMBER force fields and more than 80 metal ions. A series of parametrization schemes to derive force constants and charge parameters are available within the program. We give two examples (one metalloprotein example and one organometallic compound example), indicating the program's ability to build reliable force fields for different metal ion containing complexes. The original version was released with AmberTools15. It is provided via the GNU General Public License v3.0 (GNU_GPL_v3) agreement and is free to download and distribute. provides a bridge between quantum mechanical calculations and molecular dynamics simulation software packages thereby enabling the modeling of metal ion centers. It offers an entry into simulating metal ions in a number of situations by providing an efficient way for researchers to handle the vagaries and difficulties associated with metal ion modeling. PMID:26913476

  7. A multi-pathway model for Photosynthetic reaction center

    Qin, M; Yi, X X


    Charge separation in light-harvesting complexes occurs in a pair of tightly coupled chlorophylls at the heart of photosynthetic reaction centers of both plants and bacteria. Recently it has been shown that quantum coherence can, in principle, enhance the efficiency of a solar cell, working like a quantum heat engine (QHE). Here, we propose a biological quantum heat engine (BQHE) motivated by Photosystem {\\rm II} reaction center (PS{\\rm II} RC) to describe the charge separation. Our model mainly considers two charge-separation pathways more than that in the published literature. The two pathways can interfere via cross-couplings and work together to enhance the charge-separation yields. We explore how these cross-couplings increase the current and voltage of the charge separation and discuss the advantages of multiple pathways in terms of current and power. The robustness of the BQHE against the charge recombination in natural PS{\\rm II} RC and dephasing induced by environments is also explored, and extension ...

  8. A multi-pathway model for photosynthetic reaction center

    Qin, M.; Shen, H. Z.; Yi, X. X.


    Charge separation occurs in a pair of tightly coupled chlorophylls at the heart of photosynthetic reaction centers of both plants and bacteria. Recently it has been shown that quantum coherence can, in principle, enhance the efficiency of a solar cell, working like a quantum heat engine. Here, we propose a biological quantum heat engine (BQHE) motivated by Photosystem II reaction center (PSII RC) to describe the charge separation. Our model mainly considers two charge-separation pathways which is more than that typically considered in the published literature. We explore how these cross-couplings increase the current and power of the charge separation and discuss the effects of multiple pathways in terms of current and power. The robustness of the BQHE against the charge recombination in natural PSII RC and dephasing induced by environments is also explored, and extension from two pathways to multiple pathways is made. These results suggest that noise-induced quantum coherence helps to suppress the influence of acceptor-to-donor charge recombination, and besides, nature-mimicking architectures with engineered multiple pathways for charge separations might be better for artificial solar energy devices considering the influence of environments.

  9. Experiential Education at a University-based Wellness Center

    Berdine, Hildegarde


    Objectives To enhance students' learning and confidence in their abilities to provide wellness screenings and disease counseling. Design An experiential rotation was implemented in January 2004 within the Center for Pharmacy Care, a pharmacist-coordinated, University-based wellness center that offers preventive health screenings, risk assessments, patient education, medication and lifestyle counseling, educational seminars, and referral for common health conditions, such as hypertension, diabetes and osteoporosis. Assessment A brief survey instrument consisting of both open-ended questions and ratings of perceived abilities and confidence to provide screening and counseling was administered to students prior to and upon completion of the experience. Results of the survey indicate that the experience significantly enhanced students' preparedness and confidence to conduct community-based wellness screenings. Conclusion Students gained confidence in implementing and conducting wellness programs and became motivated to incorporate such programs into their future practice. This experience can serve as a teaching model for other programs to achieve student conpetencies in helath promotion and disease prevention. PMID:17619649

  10. A comparative study of Spacecraft Control Centers and SCADA Systems

    In order to assure the remote control in fusion machines or in industrial processes, SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) systems are used while the remote control of space systems is assured by satellite control centers (SCC). In this series of slides the author studies the similarities, constraints and differences of both systems, the presentation is a view from the space side. The first similarity is the geographic distribution: globally one nominal control center and numerous worker/ research staff in many countries. SCC and SCADA scope commonalities include no direct access to the machine, no big red stop button, and large number of interdependent and highly dynamic parameters. Among functional commonalities we have synopsis, alarms or trend analysis for monitoring and for control we have on-board automatism, high speed on-board loop and low speed network loop for human decision and reflex actions. In space systems scheduling is a core task because access times depend on orbit and ground stations and there are very few security aspects except for launch and reliability is assured through hardware redundancy. (A.C.)

  11. Analysis of a Hybrid Wing Body Center Section Test Article

    Wu, Hsi-Yung T.; Shaw, Peter; Przekop, Adam


    The hybrid wing body center section test article is an all-composite structure made of crown, floor, keel, bulkhead, and rib panels utilizing the Pultruded Rod Stitched Efficient Unitized Structure (PRSEUS) design concept. The primary goal of this test article is to prove that PRSEUS components are capable of carrying combined loads that are representative of a hybrid wing body pressure cabin design regime. This paper summarizes the analytical approach, analysis results, and failure predictions of the test article. A global finite element model of composite panels, metallic fittings, mechanical fasteners, and the Combined Loads Test System (COLTS) test fixture was used to conduct linear structural strength and stability analyses to validate the specimen under the most critical combination of bending and pressure loading conditions found in the hybrid wing body pressure cabin. Local detail analyses were also performed at locations with high stress concentrations, at Tee-cap noodle interfaces with surrounding laminates, and at fastener locations with high bearing/bypass loads. Failure predictions for different composite and metallic failure modes were made, and nonlinear analyses were also performed to study the structural response of the test article under combined bending and pressure loading. This large-scale specimen test will be conducted at the COLTS facility at the NASA Langley Research Center.

  12. Growth of a Science Center: The Center for Science and Mathematics Education (CESAME) at Stony Brook University

    Gafney, Leo; Bynum, R. David; Sheppard, Keith


    This report describes the origin and development of CESAME (The Center for Science and Mathematics Education) at Stony Brook University. The analysis identifies key ingredients in areas of personnel, funding, organizational structures, educational priorities, collaboration, and institutionalization. After a discussion of relevant issues in…

  13. A new job migration algorithm to improve data center efficiency

    Calzolari, Federico


    The under exploitation of the available resources risks to be one of the main problems for a computing center. The growing demand of computational power necessarily entails more complex approaches in the management of the computing resources, with particular attention to the batch queue system scheduler. In a heterogeneous batch queue system, available for both serial single core processes and parallel multi core jobs, it may happen that one or more computational nodes composing the cluster are not fully occupied, running a number of jobs lower than their actual capability. A typical case is represented by more single core jobs running each one over a different multi core server, while more parallel jobs - requiring all the available cores of a host - are queued. A job rearrangement executed at runtime is able to free extra resources, in order to host new processes. We present an efficient method to improve the computing resources exploitation.

  14. A framework for intelligent reliability centered maintenance analysis

    To improve the efficiency of reliability-centered maintenance (RCM) analysis, case-based reasoning (CBR), as a kind of artificial intelligence (AI) technology, was successfully introduced into RCM analysis process, and a framework for intelligent RCM analysis (IRCMA) was studied. The idea for IRCMA is based on the fact that the historical records of RCM analysis on similar items can be referenced and used for the current RCM analysis of a new item. Because many common or similar items may exist in the analyzed equipment, the repeated tasks of RCM analysis can be considerably simplified or avoided by revising the similar cases in conducting RCM analysis. Based on the previous theory studies, an intelligent RCM analysis system (IRCMAS) prototype was developed. This research has focused on the description of the definition, basic principles as well as a framework of IRCMA, and discussion of critical techniques in the IRCMA. Finally, IRCMAS prototype is presented based on a case study

  15. Evolution of a black hole at the center of GRB

    Lee, H K; Lee, Hyun Kyu; Kim, Hui-Kyung


    Using a simplified model of a black hole-accretion disk system which is dominated by Poynting flux, the evolution of the central black hole which is supposed to be powering GRB is discussed. It is demonstrated explicitly that there is a lower limit on the angular momentum parameter for a given GRB energy. It is found that the most energetic GRBs can only accommodate relatively rapid-rotating black holes at the center. For a set of GRBs for which the isotropic energies and T_90s are known, the effect of the disk mass and the magnetic field on the horizon are discussed quantitatively. It is found that the magnetic field has little influence on the energy but affects the GRB duration as expected. The role of the disk mass is found to be significant in determining both the energy and the duration.

  16. Automated Determination of a Package's Center of Mass

    Ayaz Hemani


    Full Text Available In order to address the issue of increased efficiency and better planning for parcel shipments, an automated computer program was developed in Microsoft Excel that calculates center of mass and moments of mass with greater speed and reliability than currently implemented systems. This simple program requires only a variable density function and limits of integration for a given object as input within the spreadsheet system. Once the required input has been provided, a series of chain calculations, with the help of a Visual Basic for Applications (VBA script, is able to process the input, which is done through integration and a Riemann sum. Furthermore, the foundation of the program can also be used for calculating other physical quantities of interest such as the moment of inertia or surface area of an object.

  17. Imaging a boson star at the Galactic center

    Vincent, F H; Grandclement, P; Gourgoulhon, E; Straub, O


    Millimeter very long baseline interferometry will soon produce accurate images of the closest surroundings of the supermassive compact object at the center of the Galaxy, Sgr A*. These images may reveal the existence of a central faint region, the so-called shadow, which is often interpreted as the observable consequence of the event horizon of a black hole. In this paper, we compute images of an accretion torus around Sgr A* assuming this compact object is a boson star, i.e. an alternative to black holes within general relativity, with no event horizon and no hard surface. We show that very relativistic rotating boson stars produce images extremely similar to Kerr black holes, showing in particular shadow-like and photon-ring-like structures. This result highlights the extreme difficulty of unambiguously telling the existence of an event horizon from strong-field images.

  18. A special issue on the patient-centered medical home.

    Blount, Alexander


    This special issue on the Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) reflects its times. At the present time, the PCMH is an aspirational model with a few pilots functioning well around the country. How long the current period of idealism, fueled by the energy of early adopters, the consensus of diverse stakeholders, and the dollars of the Affordable Care Act will continue is anybody's guess. Representing the thinking of some of the best minds in the field, the articles in this issue have an aspirational and idealistic tone as much as a descriptive and analytic one. A year ago the balance would have been tipped more toward idealism and model building and a year from now it would, in all likelihood, tip more toward model description and analysis. The authors in this volume have been personally responsible for helping to move behavioral health to a more central position in the PCMH model. PMID:21299276

  19. A Multidimensional Data Warehouse for Community Health Centers.

    Kunjan, Kislaya; Toscos, Tammy; Turkcan, Ayten; Doebbeling, Brad N


    Community health centers (CHCs) play a pivotal role in healthcare delivery to vulnerable populations, but have not yet benefited from a data warehouse that can support improvements in clinical and financial outcomes across the practice. We have developed a multidimensional clinic data warehouse (CDW) by working with 7 CHCs across the state of Indiana and integrating their operational, financial and electronic patient records to support ongoing delivery of care. We describe in detail the rationale for the project, the data architecture employed, the content of the data warehouse, along with a description of the challenges experienced and strategies used in the development of this repository that may help other researchers, managers and leaders in health informatics. The resulting multidimensional data warehouse is highly practical and is designed to provide a foundation for wide-ranging healthcare data analytics over time and across the community health research enterprise. PMID:26958297

  20. Westinghouse Nuclear Core Design Training Center - a design simulator

    The emergence of more powerful computing technology enables nuclear design calculations to be done on workstations. This shift to workstation usage has already had a profound effect in the training area. In 1991, the Westinghouse Electric Corporation's Commercial Nuclear Fuel Division (CNFD) developed and implemented a Nuclear Core Design Training Center (CDTC), a new concept in on-the-job training. The CDTC provides controlled on-the-job training in a structured classroom environment. It alllows one trainer, with the use of a specially prepared training facility, to provide full-scope, hands-on training to many trainees at one time. Also, the CDTC system reduces the overall cycle time required to complete the total training experience while also providing the flexibility of individual training in selected modules of interest. This paper provides descriptions of the CDTC and the respective experience gained in the application of this new concept

  1. Galactic Center Gamma-Ray Excess through a Dark Shower

    Freytsis, Marat; Tsai, Yuhsin


    The reported excess of $\\gamma$-rays, emitted from an extended region around the galactic center, has a distribution and rate suggestive of an origin in dark matter (DM) annihilations. The conventional annihilation channels into standard model (SM) $b$ quarks or $\\tau$ leptons may, however, be in tension with various experimental constraints on antiproton and positron emissions. We present a framework that is free from such constraints. The key idea is that the mediators between the dark matter and the SM are themselves part of a strongly coupled sector: a hidden valley. In this scenario, the dark matter particles annihilate only into hidden quarks that subsequently shower and hadronize. Hidden quark effective couplings to SM hypercharge allow the lightest hidden bound states to subsequently decay into SM photons, producing the observed photon energy spectrum. Associated production of SM fermions is, in contrast, electroweak loop and helicity-suppressed. We find that, generically, $\\sim 10$ GeV DM provides a ...

  2. Relativistic center-vortex dynamics of a confining area law

    We offer a physicist's proof that center-vortex theory requires the area in the (quenched) Wilson-loop area law to involve an extremal area. This means that, unlike in string-theory-inspired models of confining flux tubes, area-law dynamics is determined by integrating over Wilson loops only, not over surface fluctuations for a fixed loop. Fluctuations leading to perimeter-law corrections come from loop fluctuations as well as integration over finite-thickness center-vortex collective coordinates. In d=3 (or d=2+1) we exploit a contour form of the extremal area in isothermal (conformally flat metric on the surface) coordinates which is similar to d=2 (or d=1+1) QCD in many respects, except that there are both quartic and quadratic terms in the action. One major result is that at large angular momentum l in d=3+1 the center-vortex extremal-area picture yields a linear Regge trajectory with a Regge slope-string tension product α'(0)KF of 1/(2π), which is the canonical Veneziano or string value. In a curious effect traceable to retardation, the quark kinetic terms in the action vanish relative to area-law terms in the large-l limit, in which light-quark masses ∼KF1/2 are negligible. This corresponds to string-theoretic expectations, even though we emphasize that the extremal-area law is not a string theory quantum mechanically. We show how some quantum trajectory fluctuations as well as nonleading classical terms for finite mass yield corrections scaling with l-1/2. We compare to old semiclassical calculations of relativistic (massless) qq-bar bound states at large l, which also yield asymptotically linear Regge trajectories, finding agreement with a naive string picture (classically, not quantum mechanically) and disagreement with an effective-propagator model. We show that contour forms of the area law can be expressed in terms of Abelian gauge potentials, and we relate this to old work of Comtet

  3. Functional Centering

    Hahn, M


    Based on empirical evidence from a free word order language (German) we propose a fundamental revision of the principles guiding the ordering of discourse entities in the forward-looking centers within the centering model. We claim that grammatical role criteria should be replaced by indicators of the functional information structure of the utterances, i.e., the distinction between context-bound and unbound discourse elements. This claim is backed up by an empirical evaluation of functional centering.

  4. A comparative study of Spacecraft Control Centers and SCADA Systems

    SCADA systems as used in fusion physics or industrial plants and control centers as used in space systems share the same global goal: monitoring and controlling a remote complex and costly device securely. These two fields have developed parallel technologies when facing similar concerns but up to now they have not exchanged much information and experience together. This paper is a comparison between SCADA systems and Spacecraft Control Centers (SCC), seen from the space field side. The first part of the paper explains the purpose of a SCC and its place in the ground segment of a global space system. The second part dives into the architectural and functional aspects of SCC and SCADA systems. It attempts to extract a common underlying structure and identify the specificities of each domain. It appears that many things are already generic enough and that similar solutions brought by current state of the art technology are used in both fields (mimics, trend analysis, soft points/derived parameters...). Some discrepancies appear however even for concepts that are not dedicated to the science field. They may come from historical reasons or priorities. As an example, the networking and computing aspects sometimes differ. The third part starts from these discrepancies to show how space systems have evolved and how there are made now. One major change was a switch from proprietary to open protocols started a long time ago and mostly visible in the standardization committees. In addition to the space specific standards acknowledged by spacecraft, launchers, tracking stations or control centers manufacturers, the wider industry standards are also mandatory (ethernet, TCP/IP...). Ground segments are now often built from separate components coming from various providers, some custom made, some generic, some open-source, some new, some reused. The life cycle of an operational system being quite long (typically 20 years) with regard to the fast pace of computing industry, this

  5. A comparative study of Spacecraft Control Centers and SCADA Systems

    Maisonobe, L. [CS, 31 - Toulouse (France); Poupart, E. [CNES Centre spatial de Toulouse, 31 (France)


    SCADA systems as used in fusion physics or industrial plants and control centers as used in space systems share the same global goal: monitoring and controlling a remote complex and costly device securely. These two fields have developed parallel technologies when facing similar concerns but up to now they have not exchanged much information and experience together. This paper is a comparison between SCADA systems and Spacecraft Control Centers (SCC), seen from the space field side. The first part of the paper explains the purpose of a SCC and its place in the ground segment of a global space system. The second part dives into the architectural and functional aspects of SCC and SCADA systems. It attempts to extract a common underlying structure and identify the specificities of each domain. It appears that many things are already generic enough and that similar solutions brought by current state of the art technology are used in both fields (mimics, trend analysis, soft points/derived parameters...). Some discrepancies appear however even for concepts that are not dedicated to the science field. They may come from historical reasons or priorities. As an example, the networking and computing aspects sometimes differ. The third part starts from these discrepancies to show how space systems have evolved and how there are made now. One major change was a switch from proprietary to open protocols started a long time ago and mostly visible in the standardization committees. In addition to the space specific standards acknowledged by spacecraft, launchers, tracking stations or control centers manufacturers, the wider industry standards are also mandatory (ethernet, TCP/IP...). Ground segments are now often built from separate components coming from various providers, some custom made, some generic, some open-source, some new, some reused. The life cycle of an operational system being quite long (typically 20 years) with regard to the fast pace of computing industry, this

  6. A reliability-centered maintenance program for primary reactor pumps

    Reactor coolant and recirculation pumps require significant outage times to repair and, as a consequence, are a major contributor to plant downtime and lost capacity. To improve reliability of these primary reactor pumps, a comprehensive preventative maintenance program has been developed using the principles of reliability-centered maintenance. This method establishes the frequency of past failures, estimates the probability of future occurrences, and assesses the effect of all potential functional failures of the pump. Maintenance tasks are then defined to address those specific failure modes that have the largest probability of occurrence and the greatest impact on plant availability. Benefits include: improved reliability, a maintenance program that satisfies the industry initiative on maintenance, prudence documentation in support of unforeseen outages, and documented justification for rate-base increases for maintenance costs

  7. An example of a United States Nuclear Research Center

    Under the likely scenario in which public support for nuclear energy remains low and fossil fuels continue to be abundant and cheap, government supported nuclear research centers must adapt their missions to ensure that they tackle problems of current significance. It will be critical to be multidisciplinary, to generate economic value, and to apply nuclear competencies to current problems. Addressing problems in nuclear safety, D and D, nuclear waste management, nonproliferation, isotope production are a few examples of current needs in the nuclear arena. Argonne's original mission, to develop nuclear reactor technology, was a critical need for the U.S. in 1946. It would be wise to recognize that this mission was a special instance of a more general one--to apply unique human and physical capital to long term, high risk technology development in response to society's needs. International collaboration will enhance the collective chances for success as the world moves into the 21st century

  8. The Galactic Center - an AGN on a starvation diet

    Biermann, P L; Biermann, Heino Falcke & Peter L.


    The Galactic Center shows evidence for the presence of three important AGN ingredients: a Black Hole ($M_\\bullet\\sim10^6M_\\odot$), an accretion disk ($10^{-8.5} - 10^{-7} M_\\odot/{\\rm yr}$) and a powerful jet (jet power $\\ge$ 10\\% disk luminosity). However, the degree of activity is very low and can barely account for the energetics of the whole central region. Neverthelss, in the very inner arsecond the central engine becomes dominant and provides an interesting laboratory for the physics of central engines (Black Holes) in galactic nuclei. We therefore give an overall picture of the central arcsecond where we link the radio emission and the heating of the ambient medium to a weakly accreting disk surrounding a massive Black Hole.

  9. A proposal of the ITER remote participation center in Japan

    In modern fusion experiments, as many collaborators in distributed locations use a few large experimental devices, such as ITER and LHD (Large Helical Device), remote participation technologies become more important. The ITER Remote Experimentation Center is to be established in the International Fusion Energy Research Center (IFERC) in Rokkasho site (Japan). We have been working on the remote participation system, known as SNET, which has been developed using the SINET3, the high-speed network operated by the National Institute of Computer Sciences (NII) since 2004. The SINET3 is also 10 Gbps reachable to academic networks, ESnet in Usa and GEANT in EU. This paper discusses about the data analysis in the ITER remote participation center using a super computer. One of the most crucial issues is that the data transfer rate is much less than that expected from the network bandwidth and the data transfer rate problem should be harder as the distance is longer due to the TCP/IP protocol. The distance between Rokkasho and Cadarache is 15,000 km in fiber length. The ITER experimental data may be 1 TB per shot, considering the LHD experimental data is 10 GB per shot. We have developed a new data transfer technology to obtain 9 Gbps in the case of the network bandwidth of 10 Gbps. By extending this technology, the data transfer rate of 90 Gbps may be available, and the ITER data will be able to transfer within 100 sec per shot. In the Rokkasho site, we can store the whole ITER experimental data as a mirror site, and we can analyze the ITER data by using the supercomputer. Since the data analysis software in the supercomputer is developed by collaborators in the world, the security control will be another issue. The supercomputer might work as a calculating engine behind data analysis server, which the most physicists would access. Development of technologies to realize the ITER remote participation is challenging. This document is composed of an abstract followed by the

  10. [Academic procrastination in clients of a psychotherapeutic student counselling center].

    Jamrozinski, Katja; Kuda, Manfred; Mangholz, Astrid


    The start of university education is the beginning of a new phase of life for young adults, which requires significant psychosocial adjustments. Sociobiographical data, clinical symptoms, characteristics of education, work attitude, and career perspectives were gathered from 152 clients by a psychotherapeutic student counselling center to evaluate characteristics of students with and without academic procrastination. The procrastination group comprised heightened numbers of students who had changed universities, and people with suboptimal career prospects and career targets. These subjects were more often male and showed increased incidences of drug- and alcohol problems, as well as a lack of planning of the future. Furthermore, they had larger amounts of their study self-financed. On the basis of these results, concrete recommendations for preventive measures to improve on-time completion of study, and to prevent student drop-out are presented. PMID:18988140

  11. Engineering system dynamics a unified graph-centered approach

    Brown, Forbes T


    For today's students, learning to model the dynamics of complex systems is increasingly important across nearly all engineering disciplines. First published in 2001, Forbes T. Brown's Engineering System Dynamics: A Unified Graph-Centered Approach introduced students to a unique and highly successful approach to modeling system dynamics using bond graphs. Updated with nearly one-third new material, this second edition expands this approach to an even broader range of topics. What's New in the Second Edition? In addition to new material, this edition was restructured to build students' competence in traditional linear mathematical methods before they have gone too far into the modeling that still plays a pivotal role. New topics include magnetic circuits and motors including simulation with magnetic hysteresis; extensive new material on the modeling, analysis, and simulation of distributed-parameter systems; kinetic energy in thermodynamic systems; and Lagrangian and Hamiltonian methods. MATLAB(R) figures promi...

  12. The role of nonprofessional volunteers in a Suicide Prevention Center.

    Heilig, S M; Farberow, N L; Litman, R E; Shneidman, E S


    The procedures in the selection, training and supervision of 10 nonprofessional volunteers, to provide direct therapeutic crisis services to patients in a Suicide Prevention Center are described. One year's experience indicates a high degree of proficiency achieved by the volunteer in the handling of suicidal crises. The volunteers' reactions to the program are reported. Significant problems for the agency emerged in reference to precipitous increase in size of staff communication, and for the volunteer, in stimulation of problems of identity and selfconcept. The comments are limited to agency situations involving the use of nonprofessional volunteers in regular collaboration with a professional staff. Other models, such as entirely volunteer staffed groups, must be evaluated separately. PMID:24185391

  13. The discourse functions of Italian subjects a centering approach

    Eugenio, B D


    This paper examines the discourse functions that different types of subjects perform in Italian within the centering framework. I build on my previous work (COLING90) that accounted for the alternation of null and strong pronouns in subject position. I extend my previous analysis in several ways: for example, I refine the notion of {\\sc continue} and discuss the centering functions of full NPs.

  14. Centers of structures in electromagnetism--a critical analysis

    Appel-Hansen, Jørgen


    Some principles for finding reference points or centers of structures in electromagnetism are outlined. It is pointed out that the centers which are found depend on arbitrary choices. Since some of the principles are based on Friis's transmission formula and the radar equation, these are given in...

  15. A simulation model for emergency medical services call centers

    Buuren, M. van; Kommer, G.J.; Mei, R.D. van der; Bhulai, S.


    In pre-hospital health care the call center plays an important role in the coordination of emergency medical services (EMS). An EMS call center handles inbound requests for EMS and dispatches an ambulance if necessary. The time needed for triage and dispatch is part of the total response time to the

  16. A Photovoltaic Device Using an Electrolyte Containing Photosynthetic Reaction Centers

    Takshi, Arash [Dept. of Electrical Engineering, Univ. of South Florida (USF), Tampa, FL (United States); Madden, John D.W. [Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Advanced Materials and Process Engineering Lab., and Dept. of Microbiology and Immunology, Univ. of British Columbia (UBC), Vancouver BC (Canada); Mahmoudzadeh, Ali [Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Advanced Materials and Process Engineering Lab., and Dept. of Microbiology and Immunology, Univ. of British Columbia (UBC), Vancouver BC (Canada); Saer, Rafael [Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Advanced Materials and Process Engineering Lab., and Dept. of Microbiology and Immunology, Univ. of British Columbia (UBC), Vancouver BC (Canada); Beatty, J. Thomas [Dept. of Microbiology and Immunology, Univ. of British Columbia (UBC), Vancouver BC (Canada)


    The performance of bio-photovoltaic devices with a monolayer of the immobilized photosynthetic reaction center (RC) is generally low because of weak light absorption and poor charge transfer between the RC and the electrode. In this paper, a new bio-photovoltaic device is described in which the RC is dissolved in the electrolyte of an electrochemical cell. The charges generated by the illuminated RC are transferred to electrodes via mediators. The difference between the reaction rates of two types of mediator at the electrode surfaces determines the direction of the photocurrent in the device. Experimental results show that the magnitude of the photocurrent is proportional to the incident light intensity, and the current increases nonlinearly with an increase in the RC concentration in the electrolyte. With further optimization this approach should lead to devices with improved light absorption.

  17. A Jet Model of the Galactic Center Nonthermal Radio Filaments

    Yusef-Zadeh, F


    Protostellar sources in star forming regions are responsible for driving jets with flow velocities ranging between 300 and 400 km s$^{-1}$. This class of jets consists of highly collimated outflows which include thermal knots with number densities estimated to be greater than that of their ambient medium. On the other hand, extragalactic FR I jets consist of light fluid with low Mach number burrowing through a denser medium as the magnetized jets radiate nonthermal emission. Both protostellar and extragalactic jets are believed to be launched by accretion disks. Here we consider a jet model in which the characteristics common to both protostellar and extragalactic jets are used to explain the origin of nonthermal filaments in the Galactic center region. We argue that these filaments are analogous to FR I extragalactic sources but are launched by embedded young stars or clusters of stars in star-forming regions.

  18. Electric power transmission for a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center (HNEC)

    The original study of transmission for a Hanford Nuclear Energy Center (HNEC), which was completed in September 1975, was updated in June 1978. The present 1983 revision takes cognizance of recent changes in the electric power situation of the PNW with respect to: (1) forecasts of load growth, (2) the feasibility of early use of 1100 kV transmission, and (3) the narrowing opportunities for siting nuclear plants in the region. The purpose of this update is to explore and describe additions to the existing transmission system that would be necessary to accommodate three levels of generation at HNEC. Comparisons with a PNW system having new thermal generating capacity distributed throughout the marketing region are not made as was done in earlier versions

  19. Secure Remote Access Issues in a Control Center Environment

    Pitts, Lee; McNair, Ann R. (Technical Monitor)


    The ISS finally reached an operational state and exists for local and remote users. Onboard payload systems are managed by the Huntsville Operations Support Center (HOSC). Users access HOSC systems by internet protocols in support of daily operations, preflight simulation, and test. In support of this diverse user community, a modem security architecture has been implemented. The architecture has evolved over time from an isolated but open system to a system which supports local and remote access to the ISS over broad geographic regions. This has been accomplished through the use of an evolved security strategy, PKI, and custom design. Through this paper, descriptions of the migration process and the lessons learned are presented. This will include product decision criteria, rationale, and the use of commodity products in the end architecture. This paper will also stress the need for interoperability of various products and the effects of seemingly insignificant details.

  20. Development of a National Center for Hydrogen Technology

    Jay C. Almlie; Bruce Wood; Rich Schlupp


    In November 2005, the Energy & Environmental Research Center (EERC), ePowerSynergies, Inc. (ePSI), and Resurfice Corporation teamed to develop, produce, and demonstrate the world's first and only fuel cell-powered ice resurfacer. The goals of this project were: {sm_bullet} To educate the public on the readiness, practicality, and safety of fuel cells powered by hydrogen fuel and {sm_bullet} To establish a commercialization pathway in an early-adopter, niche market. The vehicle was developed and produced in a short 3-month span. The vehicle made its world debut at U.S. Senator Byron Dorgan's (D-ND) 2005 Hydrogen Energy Action Summit. Subsequently, the vehicle toured North America appearing at numerous public events and conferences, receiving much attention from international media outlets.

  1. Outcome of major cardiac injuries at a Canadian trauma center

    Lamy Andre


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Canadian trauma units have relatively little experience with major cardiac trauma (disruption of a cardiac chamber so injury outcome may not be comparable to that reported from other countries. We compared our outcomes to those of other centers. Methods Records of patients suffering major cardiac trauma over a nine-year period were reviewed. Factors predictive of outcome were analyzed. Results Twenty-seven patients (11 blunt and 16 penetrating with major cardiac trauma were evaluated. Injury severity scores (ISS were similar for blunt (49.6 ± 16.6 and penetrating (39.5 ± 21.6, p = 0.20 injuries. Five of 11 blunt trauma patients, and 9 of 16 penetrating trauma patients, had detectable vital signs on hospital arrival (p = 0.43. Ten patients underwent emergency department thoracotomy and 11 patients had cardiac repair in the operating theatre. Eleven patients survived and 16 died. Survivors had a lower ISS (33.7 ± 15.4 than non-survivors (50.4 ± 20.4; p = 0.03. Two of 11 blunt trauma patients and 9 of 16 penetrating trauma patients survived (p = 0.06. Eleven of 14 patients with detectable vital signs survived; all 13 without detectable vital signs died (p = 0.00003. Ten of eleven patients treated in the operating theatre survived, while only one of the other 16 patients survived (p = 0.00002. Conclusions Patients with major cardiac injuries and detectable vital signs on hospital arrival can be salvaged by prompt surgical intervention in the operating theatre. Major cardiac injuries are infrequently encountered at our center but patient survival is comparable to that reported from trauma units in other countries.

  2. Students-exhibits interaction at a science center

    Botelho, Agostinho; Morais, Ana M.


    In this study we investigate students' learning during their interaction with two exhibits at a science center. Specifically, we analyze both students' procedures when interacting with exhibits and their understanding of the scientific concepts presented therein. Bernstein's theory of pedagogic discourse (1990, 2000) provided the sociological foundation to assess the exhibit-student interaction and allowed analysis of the influence of the characteristics of students, exhibits, and interactions on students' learning. Eight students (ages 12ndash;13 years of age) with distinct sociological characteristics participated in the study. Several findings emerged from the results. First, the characteristics of the students, exhibits, and interactions appeared to influence student learning. Second, to most students, what they did interactively (procedures) seems not to have had any direct consequence on what they learned (concept understanding). Third, the data analysis suggest an important role for designers and teachers in overcoming the limitations of exhibit-student interaction.

  3. Blunt pancreatic trauma: experience at a rural referral center.

    Timberlake, G A


    The objective of this study was to compare mechanism of injury, treatment methods, and outcome of blunt pancreas trauma patients transferred from another hospital to those of patients brought directly from the scene. A retrospective review was conducted of 6078 patients treated at a Level I trauma center from 1/1/90 to 12/31/94. Blunt pancreas injury was found in 39 (0.64%) patients (mean age, 33.2 years). Mechanism of injury included 34 (87%) motor vehicle crashes, 3 (8%) motorcycle crashes, and 2 (5%) other injuries. There were 11 transfer patients (28%), and 28 (72%) admitted directly from the scene. Eighty-two per cent of the motor vehicle crash patients were unrestrained, and 35 per cent had ethanol intoxication. Exploratory laparotomy was performed on 32 (82%); eight (25%) required repair or resection; 22 (69%) had trivial injuries, at most requiring drainage; and two (6.3%) exsanguinated. No patients required Whipple resection or pancreatiocojejunostomy. At operation, an average of 2.5 associated intra-abdominal injuries were found. Overall survival was 35 of 39 (90%). Among the patients brought directly to the trauma center, 93 per cent survived, whereas survival among transferred patients was 82 per cent (chi2 = 0.19; P = 0.66). Blunt pancreatic injuries vary in severity, but radical resection is rarely required. Lack of safety restraint and ethanol use are major risk factors. Despite the high likelihood of associated injuries, survivability is high. No difference in outcome was seen between directly admitted and transferred patients. PMID:9036900

  4. Journey to the Center of a Neutron Star

    Wanjek, Christopher


    A neutron star is not a place most would want to visit. This dense remnant of a collapsed star has a magnetic field billions of times stronger than Earth's, enough to shuffle your body's molecules long before you even land. The featureless surface is no fun either. Crushing gravity ensures that the star is a near perfect sphere, compressing all matter so that a sand-grain-sized scoop of neutron star material would weigh as much as a battleship on Earth. At least black holes offer the promise of funky singularity, time warps, and the Odyssean temptation to venture beyond a point of no return. What s a journey to a neutron star good for, one might ask? Well, for starters, it offers the possibility of confirming a theorized state of matter called quark-gluon plasma, which likely existed for a moment after the Big Bang and now might only exist in the superdense interiors of neutron stars. Beneath the neutron star crust, a kilometer-thick plate of crystalline matter, lies the great unknown. The popular theory is that the neutron star interior is made up of a neutron superfluid - a fluid without friction. With the help of two NASA satellites - the Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer and the Chandra X-Ray Observatory - scientists are journeying to the center of a neutron star. Matter might be so compressed there that it breaks down into quarks, the building blocks of protons and neutrons, and gluons, the carrier of the strong nuclear force. To dig inside a neutron star, no simple drill bit will do. Scientists gain insight into the interior through events called glitches, a sudden change in the neutron star s precise spin rate. 'Glitches are one of the few ways we have to study the neutron star interior,' says Frank Marshall of NASA s Goddard Space Flight Center, who has used the Rossi Explorer to follow the escapades of the glitchiest of all neutron stars, dubbed the Big Glitcher and known scientifically as PSR J0537-6910.

  5. A Survey of Primary Care Offices: Triage of Poisoning Calls without a Poison Control Center

    Travis Austin; Brooks, Daniel E.; Sharyn Welch; Frank LoVecchio


    Poison control centers hold great potential for saving health care resources particularly by preventing unnecessary medical utilization. We developed a four-question survey with three poisoning-related scenarios, based on common calls to our poison center, and one question regarding after-hours calls. We identified primary care provider offices in our poison center's region from an internet search. We contacted these offices via telephone and asked to speak to an office manager or someone res...

  6. Quantum Storage in a Hybrid System with a Photonic Molecule and a Diamond Nitrogen Vacancy Center

    Liu, Zhi; Qiu, Liang


    We propose an efficient scheme for the realization of high-fidelity quantum storage in a hybrid system with a photonic molecule and a diamond nitrogen vacancy (NV) center. The scheme holds the advantages of both photonic crystal cavities and NV centers. Meanwhile, the influence of quantum-computing process on quantum memory can be effectively eliminated by separating the processor and memory units. Moreover, the scheme is experimentally feasible with currently available technology.

  7. A simulation model for emergency medical services call centers

    Buuren, van, R.; Kommer, G.J.; Mei,, H.; Bhulai, Sandjai


    In pre-hospital health care the call center plays an important role in the coordination of emergency medical services (EMS). An EMS call center handles inbound requests for EMS and dispatches an ambulance if necessary. The time needed for triage and dispatch is part of the total response time to the request, which, in turn, is an indicator for the quality of EMS. Calls entering an efficient EMS call center must have short waiting times, centralists should perform the triage efficiently and th...

  8. Inhomogeneous CTMC Model of a Call Center with Balking and Abandonment

    Burak, Maciej Rafal


    This paper considers a nonstationary multiserver queuing model with abandonment and balking for inbound call centers. We present a continuous time Markov chain (CTMC) model which captures the important characteristics of an inbound call center and obtain a numerical solution for its transient state probabilities using uniformization method with steady-state detection. Keywords: call center, transient, Markov processes, numerical methods, uniformization, abandonment, balking

  9. 34 CFR 413.31 - Must a National Center have a director?


    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Must a National Center have a director? 413.31 Section 413.31 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF... EDUCATION What Conditions Must Be Met After an Award? § 413.31 Must a National Center have a director?...

  10. Distribution center


    Distribution center is a logistics link fulfill physical distribution as its main functionGenerally speaking, it's a large and hiahly automated center destined to receive goods from various plants and suppliers,take orders,fill them efficiently,and deliver goods to customers as quickly as possible.