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Sample records for 6th grade elementary

  1. Academic performance of peruvian elementary school children: The case of schools in Lima at the 6th grade

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Denisse L., Manrique Millones; Karla, Van Leeuwen; Pol, Ghesquière.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available El estudio que se informa examinó de qué manera el rendimiento académico en diversas áreas del aprendizaje tales como ortografía, lectura y aritmética estuvo asociado con diferentes variables relacionadas con niños (por ejemplo: género, inteligencia y edad). Asimismo, se consideraron algunas variabl [...] es distales como estatus socioeconómico y tipo de colegio. En el estudio participaron 1.129 niños que cursaban 6to grado de educación primaria en Lima Metropolitana (Perú). Los estudiantes completaron cuatro pruebas: En el área de lectura fueron examinados con un subtest de la prueba Procesos Lectores (PROLEC-SE) Lectura de Palabras y Pseudo - palabras (Cuetos & Ramos, 1999). En el área de Aritmética fueron evaluados con el Subtest de Facilidad Numérica de Ekstrom, French y Harman (1979) y en el caso de Ortografía se aplicó la Prueba de Rendimiento Ortográfico (Dioses, 2001). La variable inteligencia fue medida con la Prueba de Matrices Progresivas de Raven (Raven, J., Raven, J.C. & Court, 2004). Debido a la estructura jerárquica de los datos (estudiantes dentro de clases y clases dentro de escuelas) se aplicó análisis multinivel para cada variable académica (ortografía, lectura y aritmética). Los resultados revelaron un gran impacto en primer lugar del tipo de escuela: los alumnos de escuelas privadas rindieron mejor que los de escuelas públicas en todas las áreas académicas; en segundo lugar, la variable inteligencia juega un rol esencial, cuanto mayor es el coeficiente intelectual del estudiante, mejor es el rendimiento académico, y parcialmente del género; las niñas mostraron un mejor desempeño en comparación con los niños en el área de ortografía. Se discuten en detalle algunas repercusiones pedagógicas. Abstract in english Education is in general the basis for development in any country in the world. In the education al field, several international assessments (Pisa, 2006) reflect the great gap that yet subsists among developing countries, in which the case of Peru is not an exception. There have been many national an [...] d international academic achievement evaluations that examine the skills and knowledge of students not only in Peru but also in other Latin American countries in different academic domains. One of these examples is the Regional Comparative and Explanatory Study (LLECE), in which Peru participated, in order to evaluate and compare the performance achieved by Latin American students of 3rd and 6th grade in core areas like Language, Mathematics, and Natural Sciences. Peru ranks, together with other Latin countries, with scores below the average (Regional Office for Education of UNESCO, 2008). The low ranking of the Peruvian educational system carries heavy implications and consequences, especially to the intellectual and social development of learning disabled Peruvian children. Understanding the relation between academic performance and child development is of paramount importance. The present study examines how spelling, reading and arithmetic performances are associated to various child variables (gender, intelligence, and age), and distal variables such as Socio-Economic Status (SES) or type of school. The subjects in the study were 1.129 elementary school children who were in the 6th grade (11 - 12 years old) in Metropolitan Lima, Perú. Children completed four different tests: In the reading area, the subtest of Procesos Lectores (PROLEC-SE; Cuetos & Ramos, 1999), Reading of Word and Pseudo-word; in the Arithmetic domain, the Number Facility from the Kit of Factor Referenced Cognitive Tests of Ekstrom, French, and Harman (1979) and in the spelling domain, the Spelling Achievement Test from Dioses (2001) was used. The Intelligence Quotient (IQ) was measured using Raven's Progressive Matrices Test (Raven, J., Raven, J.C., & Court, 2004, updated edition). Some preliminary analyses were conducted beforehand in order to overview and examine the structure of the data. Following this, and because of the hierarchical structure of the data (stu

  2. Tarefas aritméticas para o 6º ano do Ensino Fundamental / Arithmetic tasks for the 6th grade of Elementary School

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria Helena Marques, Loth; Amarildo Melchiades da, Silva.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo apresentamos e discutimos o produto educacional desenvolvido junto ao Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação Matemática da Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora. O propósito do trabalho foi desenvolver tarefas que tivessem como característica principal constituírem-se em situações-problem [...] a que estimulassem a produção de significados de estudantes em sala de aula. A estrutura matemática subjacente à situaçãoproblema envolveu as operações de adição e subtração de números naturais. O processo de elaboração desse produto teve como foco a produção de um conjunto de tarefas para serem utilizadas em salas de aula de matemática do 6º ano do Ensino Fundamental e que pudessem servir de protótipo para a elaboração de novas tarefas pelo professor. Abstract in english In this article, we discuss educational material developed by the graduate program in mathematics education of the Federal University of Juiz de Fora. The purpose of the work was to develop tasks whose main feature was problem situations that stimulate the meaning production of students in the class [...] room. The mathematical structure underlying the situation-problem involved the addition and subtraction of natural numbers. The process of developing the educational material focused on the production of a set of tasks to be used in 6th grade math classes and that could serve as a prototype for the development of new tasks by the teacher.

  3. Influencia de la publicidad televisiva peruana en el consumo de alimentos no saludables en escolares de 4º a 6º primaria / Influence of Peruvian television advertising in unhealthy food consumption in 4th to 6th grade elementary scholars

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Evelin C., Rojas-Huayllani; Doris H., Delgado-Pérez.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La exposición a la publicidad televisiva promueve el consumo de alimentos no saludables, constituyendo un riesgo para el aumento del sobrepeso y obesidad. Objetivo: Determinar la influencia de la publicidad televisiva peruana en el consumo de alimentos no saludables en escolares de 4º [...] a 6º de primaria. Diseño: Descriptivo de asociación cruzada. Lugar: Institución Educativa Nº 7072, Villa El Salvador, Lima, Perú. Participantes: Escolares entre 9 y 12 años de edad. Intervenciones: Se aplicó dos encuestas previamente validadas y probadas en prueba piloto, a 120 escolares de ambos sexos que asistieron a clases y que tuvieron consentimiento informado firmado por sus padres. Principales medidas de resultados: Tiempo de ver televisión y consumo de alimentos no saludables. Resultados: Los estudiantes en promedio vieron televisión más de 7 horas diarias (DS 1,17). Los programas más vistos fueron los que estaban dirigidos a público mayor de 14 años. Los alimentos no saludables más publicitados y comprados fueron galletas y bebidas azucaradas. Se encontró asociación significativa entre alimentos no saludables más vistos en TV y consumo de alimentos no saludables. Conclusiones: Existió relación entre la publicidad televisiva y el consumo de alimentos no saludables en escolares del nivel primario. Abstract in english Background: Exposure to television advertising promoting unhealthy food consumption may increase overweight and obesity risk in children. Objectives: To determine the influence of Peruvian television advertising and consumption of unhealthy foods in 4th to 6th grade children. Design: Descriptive cro [...] ss-association. Setting: Educational Institution No. 7072, Villa El Salvador, Lima, Peru. Participants: Schoolchildren aged 9 to 12 years. Interventions: Two previously validated tests were applied to 120 students of both sexes who attended classes and whose parents had signed informed consent. Main outcome measures: Time watching TV and unhealthy food consumption. Results: Students watched TV more than 7 hours per day (DS 1.17) average. Most popular programs were those directed to over 14 year-old public. Most unhealthy foods advertised and purchased were biscuits and sugary drinks. Significant association was found between unhealthy foods most watched by TV and unhealthy food consumption. Conclusions: There was relationship between television advertising and consumption of unhealthy foods in elementary level scholars.

  4. ????????????????????????????? Using Debate in the 6th Grade Social Studies: Promoting Student Information Literacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lin Ching Chen

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available ????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Big6??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????Big6????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????The purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of applying debate in the 6th grade social studies to promote students’ information literacy and their understanding of the subject matters. The debate topics, which came from the 6th grade social studies textbook, were “Should the legislation protect human cloning” and “If the Internet brings more good than harm to elementary students”.The debate activities were designed on the base of the Big6 information literacy model. It comprises six stages which are Task Definition, Information Seeking Strategy, Location & Access, Use of Information, Synthesis, and Evaluation.This study lasted a semester, and the data was gathered through participant observation, interviews, and document analysis. The results showed that debate could be used in the 6th grade social studies curriculum. Through collaboratively designing debate activities between teachers, it is easier to integrate information literacy instruction into the curriculum. Furthermore, to systematically design the information literacy curriculum is another important issue.

  5. 6th Grades Student’s interpreting of Aerial Photographs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adem ÖCAL

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Aerial photographs have started to be used as a teaching-training material parallel to the technological developments of our time. These materials are important to help students gain aerial perspective as a means to improve spatial cognition. In this study the skill of 6th grade students on interpreting aerial photographs have been focused on and examined how the students benefit from it. This study has been carried out with qualitative research techniques and 10 students have been used throughout the study. Aerial photographs of the places which students are familiar with have been utilized. Important outcomes were obtained on the use of aerial photographs in primary education. Findings can be guided for geography and social studies education in point of teaching spatial cognition skills.

  6. Pattern tasks: thinking processes used by 6th grade students

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Ana, Barbosa; Isabel, Vale; Pedro, Palhares.

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Este traballio apresenta uma descricão de um estudo em curso focado na exploracão de padrões e tarefas de generalizacão, analisando o desempenho de 54 alunos do sexto ano ao resolver este tipo de tarefas. O objetivo principal é compreender asestratégias que eles usam, dificuldades que emergem do tra [...] balho dos estudantes e verificar o papel desempenhado pela visualização no seu raciocinio. Os resultados obtidos até agora indicam que, em geral, os estudantes tendem a utilizar abordagens numéricas, em vez de abordagens visuais. Eles também tendem a usar estratégias incorretas ao tentar generalizar, sendo a mais comum o uso incorreto de proporção direta. Abstract in spanish Este documento es una descripción de un estudio en curso enfocado en tareas modelo de exploración y generalización, analizando el desempeño de cincuenta y cuatro alumnos de 6° grado cuando resuelven este tipo de tareas. El principal objetivo es entender las estrategias que utilizan, las dificultades [...] que emergen del trabajo de los alumnos y averiguar el papel que desempeñan mediante la visualización en su razonamiento. Hasta ahora, los resultados indican que, en general, los alumnos tienden a usar planteamientos numéricos en lugar de planteamientos visuales. También tienden a usar estrategias incorrectas cuando intentan generalizar, siendo la más común un uso incorrecto de la proporción directa. Abstract in english This paper gives a description of an ongoing study focused on pattern exploration and generalization tasks, analysing the performance of fifty-four 6th grade students when solving this type of tasks. The main goal is to understand the strategies they use, difficulties that emerge from students' work [...] and ascertain the role played by visualization in their reasoning. Results so far indicate that, in general, students tend to use numeric instead of visual approaches. They also tend to use incorrect strategies when attempting to generalize, the most common being an incorrect use of direct proportion.

  7. Teacher Opinions About Evaluation of 6th Grade English Lesson Curriculum in Primary Schools

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    As?m ARI

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to determine the difficulties during the application of English lesson curriculum at 6th grades of primary schools. Being a qualitative research, this research was designed with single-case type of the case study. The study group consisted of 13 teachers working at 11 primary schools in Eskisehir centrum. Criterion sampling technique, one of the purposive sampling techniques, was used. The data was obtained by interview technique. Descriptive Analysis was used in analyzing the data. Data obtained by interview forms were coded, and particularly analyzed. Some important findings of the study are as follows: 6th grades syllabus’ level is found to be above the level of the students; subjects of the syllabus are intensive, difficult and too much; there are some subjects not being associated with each other. Besides, the time is too limited to cover the subjects.

  8. Improving 6th Grade Climate Literacy using New Media (CLINM) and Teacher Professional Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, G.; Schmidt, C.; Metzger, E. P.; Cordero, E. C.

    2012-12-01

    The NASA-funded project, Improving 6th Grade Climate Literacy using New Media (CLINM), is designed to improve the climate literacy of California's 450,000 6th-grade students through teacher professional development that presents climate change as an engaging context for teaching earth science standards. The project fosters experience-based interaction among learners and encourages expressive creativity and idea-exchange via the web and social media. The heart of the CLINM project is the development of an online educator-friendly experience that provides content expert-reviewed, teacher-tested, standards-based educational resources, classroom activities and lessons that make meaningful connections to NASA data and images as well as new media tools (videos, web, and phone applications) based on the Green Ninja, a climate-action superhero who fights global warming by inspiring personal action (www.greenninja.info). In this session, we will discuss this approach to professional development and share a collection of teacher-tested CLINM resources. CLINM resources are grounded in earth system science; classroom activities and lessons engage students in exploration of connections between natural systems and human systems with a particular focus on how climate change relates to everyone's need for food, water, and energy. CLINM uses a team-based approach to resource development, and partners faculty in San José State University's (SJSU) colleges of Science, Education, and Humanities and the Arts with 6th-grade teachers from local school districts, a scientist from NASA Ames Research Center and climate change education projects at Stanford University, the University of Nebraska at Lincoln, and the University of Idaho. Climate scientists and other content experts identify relevant concepts and work with science educators to develop and/or refine classroom activities to elucidate those concepts; activities are piloted in pre-service science methods courses at SJSU and in teacher professional development workshops offered through the Bay Area Earth Science Institute (BAESI); workshop attendees frame the activities as lessons appropriate for their 6th grade students; participants who use the lessons and resources in their classrooms provide iterative feedback, which is used to improve the resources for other teachers involved in the project.

  9. A Qualitative Study Concerning the 6th Grade Students’ Conceptual Structures about the Cell Concept

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    Özgecan Ta?tan K?r?k

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to investigate 6th grade students’ conceptual structures about the cell concept in science education. For this purpose, drawing method, open-ended questions and word association test were applied to 65 middle school students. Descriptive analysis and content analysis were used to analyze the data. It was found that there were a wide range of alternative conceptions in students’ drawings and definitions of the cell. They mostly designated the nucleus, cell membrane and the mitochondria as the most important parts or organelles. The participants association of the cell concept with daily life was mostly categorized as ‘awareness generated by knowledge’, ‘health’ and ‘finding it necessary for the future’. Also, the data collected through the word association test was categorized under 5 categories and ‘defining the cell’, ‘parts and the organelles of the cell’ and ‘giving examples to the cell’ were the mostly persisting ones. We conclude that the 6th grade students who met for the first time with the cell concept at school had insufficient conceptions about that concept.

  10. Environmental Attitudes of the 6th Grade Students from Rural and Urban Areas: A Case Study for Ankara

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuncer, Gaye; Sungur, Semra; Tekkaya, Ceren; Ertepinar, Hamide

    2004-01-01

    This study investigated environmental attitude of 6th grade students living in rural and urban areas in Ankara. Hundred and thirty-eight students were selected from four schools located in these areas. A 45-item questionnaire consisting of four dimensions was used to measure students' environmental attitude. Results of the study revealed that,…

  11. Prevalence of Daily Physical Activity and Obesity Among Students Grade 5th and 6th

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    Hosseinzadeh

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Background One of the most pressing threats for children’s health status is overweight and obesity. Previous literature indicates that increasing relative body mass index (RBMI is accompanied by physical inactivity. Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of daily physical activity and obesity among students grade 5th and 6th. Patients and Methods This was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out to determine the distribution of daily physical activity according to gender and relative body mass index in overweight and obese children. We randomly selected 12 primary schools and studied their health profiles, including body mass index (BMI and RBMI. We then selected those who were in the range of overweight and obesity based on the National Centre for Health Statistics (NCHS. Daily physical activities of the subjects were assessed by a self-administered recall tool and concurrently via interviewing the subjects' mothers. Results There was a significant difference between the prevalence of obesity and being overweight between genders (P = 0.000. Overweight children, regardless of their gender, had higher daily physical activity than obese individuals and the ANOVA test showed a significant difference between means of daily metabolic equivalent of task (MET for different genders and relative body mass index (P = 0.000. Conclusions As increasing RBMI is concomitant with decreased daily physical activities in both genders, it is important to set plans to increase physical activities of obese children rather than overweight ones.

  12. English Language Arts Scores among Sixth Grade Students Enrolled on an Elementary versus Middle School Campus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, La-Trice

    2013-01-01

    A K-12 school district located in southern California was faced with overcrowding at 1of its middle schools for the 2011-2012 school year. This project study was designed to explore if an elementary or middle school campus was best in supporting students' academics while they were in transition to 6th grade middle school. Maslow's…

  13. Substance use and youth violence. A study among 6th to 10th grade Israeli school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Molcho, Michal; Harel, Yossi; Dina, Lache O

    2004-01-01

    This study examined the co-morbidity of substance use and violence among a representative sample of 8,394 6th-10th grade Israeli students. A representative national self report sample of 8,394 students in 6th through 10th grade. Measures included smoking, alcohol consumption, and illicit drug use, predicting involvement in bullying, injury during a fight and weapon-carrying in the past 30 days. We found across all grades, genders and ethnicities, daily smoking, use of hard drugs, history of drunkenness and binge drinking were the best predictors of violent behavior. Involvement in such behaviors put girls in higher risk for violent behaviors compared with boys. We concluded that use of substances immensely increased the odds of involvement in violent behavior, and this association was extremely strong for Arab girls. The study suggested that although girls were less frequently involved in substance use, the girls who did were at much higher risk for involvement in youth violence. PMID:15551841

  14. The Effect of the Van Hiele Model Based Instruction on the Creative Thinking Levels of 6th Grade Primary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdogan, Tolga; Akkaya, Recai; Celebi Akkaya, Sibel

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this study is to determine the effect of the Van Hiele model based instruction process on the creative thinking levels of 6th grade primary school students. Pre test-post test matching control group quasi-experimental design was used in the study. Fifty five students enrolled in sixth grades during the 2005-2006 educational year formed…

  15. Do Animals Have Rights? Teacher's Packet (for 4th, 5th, & 6th Grades).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sammut-Tovar, Dorothy; Sturla, Kim

    Activities in this unit are designed to sensitize students in grades 4-6 to the needs of animals and to the injustices many species suffer. The lessons focus on inhumane acts such as the use of steel-jaw traps, dogfighting, hunting, keeping exotic pets in captivity, using animals in entertainment, habitat destruction, factory farming, and animal…

  16. Controlling maternal feeding practices associated with decreased dieting behavior in 6th grade children

    OpenAIRE

    Rhee, Kyung E.; Appugliese, Danielle P.; Prisco, Alicia; Kaciroti, Niko A.; Corwyn, Robert F; Bradley, Robert H.; Lumeng, Julie C.

    2010-01-01

    Controlling maternal feeding practices (CMFPs) have been linked to increased caloric intake, disinhibited eating, and obesity in children. Its relationship to child dieting behavior however is unknown. Using the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, this study examined whether controlling feeding practices are associated with increased or decreased dieting behavior in children. CMFP was assessed in 3rd grade by the question, ...

  17. The Effect of Interactive Computer Animations Accompanied with Experiments on Grade 6th Students’ Achievements and Attitudes toward Science

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    E. Akp?nar

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of instruction including interactive computer animations accompanied with experiments over traditionally designed Instruction in 6th grade students’ physics achievement and attitudes toward science. In this study, a quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was used. As a data collection instruments, physics achievement test and attitude scale toward science were administered to experimental and control group. In the experimental group, the materials were used while doing the experiments and then they did the same experiments interactively on the computer. In the control group, the experiments were done only by materials and the students did not use the computer during the experiments. The findings indicated that there was no significant difference between groups with respect to achievement before the treatment and there was a significant difference between the groups in favor of experimental groups after the treatment. The means of attitude towards science showed no significant difference between the groups before and after treatment.

  18. Investigating of the Number Perception and Nonroutine Problem Solving Skills of 6th, 7th and 8th Grade Students

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    Cemalettin I?IK

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The purposes of the study are to determine the number perception and nonroutine problem solving skills of students and to examine the possible relationship between these skills. The relational scanning model was used in the study. The study group consists of a total of 240 6th, 7th and 8th grade students from four primary schools in the Erzurum City Center in the 2009-2010 academic year. The simple random sampling model was used to determine the participant primary schools. The “Number Perception Test” and “Nonroutine Problem Solving Test” including problems requiring deduction, induction and spatial reasoning were used to gather data. In the analysis of the data gathered from the tests percentage and frequency values, One-Way ANOVA, independent t-test and correlation analysis were used. In the study, it is determined that these students levels of number perception and nonroutine problem solving skills are low and there is a positive relationship between these skills.

  19. Analyzing Peer Bullying of 6th, 7th, and 8th Grades Primary School Students from the Aspect of Different Variables in Erzurum

    OpenAIRE

    Ada, ?ükrü; Atatürk University, Faculty of Kâz?m Karabekir Education Faculty, Department of Educational Management

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the significance of the effects of students’ peer bullying on variables of academic success and disciplinary status of students at the second stage of the primary schools; and to analyze prediction degree of predictor variables of age and number of siblings regarding peer bullying. The study was conducted with the participation of students studying at 6th, 7th, and 8th grades of primary schools within city center of the Erzurum province and surroundin...

  20. Integration of physical activity and technology motion devices within a combined 5th and 6th grade science curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finn, Kevin Eugene

    Background: National recommendations to increase school-based physical activity and promote academic success advise incorporating movement into traditional classroom lessons. Classroom-based physical activities have favorable associations with indicators of cognitive functioning, academic behaviors, and academic achievement. Purpose: This study analyzed the Active Science framework, which incorporated school-based physical activity within interactive science classroom lessons. Specifically, the study measured the effects of the Active Science framework on student physical activity levels in the classroom, student learning of science inquiry skills and content knowledge, and student perceptions of physical activity and science. A secondary purpose was to evaluate the teachers' perceptions on the implementation of the framework. Subjects: Participants were 37 Hispanic girls (age=11.1 +/-0.8 yr) in mixed 5th/6th grade science classes in a private, urban middle school. Methods: Physical activity levels of the students during the Active Science framework were measured using pedometers and heart rate monitors. Pre- and post-tests were used to assess the levels of learning achieved by the students in science inquiry skills and content during the Active Science framework. Student perceptions and attitudes toward science and physical activity were measured during student focus groups and pre-post perception surveys. Lesson plan evaluations completed by the teachers and structured interviews provided data on implementation of the framework. Results: Physical activity results showed heart rate (146 +/-9 bpm); maximal heart rate (196 +/-10.6 bpm); time (35 +/-2.5 mins); steps (3050 +/-402.7); calories (99 +/-8.4 kcal); and distance (1.1 +/-0.2 miles) while performing the activity portion of the science lessons were consistent with national recommendations for accumulating school-based physical activity. Significant increases in science content and skills test scores with a 22.4% increase (43.9% to 66.3%; pphysical activity into science lessons and the teachers described the positive effect of the framework on student interest/engagement. Conclusions: The findings from this study suggest that the Active Science framework helped to promote physical activity, facilitate student learning of science inquiry skills and content knowledge and excite students about integrating physical activity into science lessons.

  1. A randomized controlled trial on the effects of yoga on stress reactivity in 6th grade students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagins, Marshall; Haden, Sara C; Daly, Leslie A

    2013-01-01

    There is an increasing interest in developing school programs that improve the ability of children to cope with psychosocial stress. Yoga may be an appropriate intervention as it has demonstrated improvements in the ability of children to manage psychosocial stress. Yoga is thought to improve the control of reactivity to stress via the regulation of the autonomic nervous system. The current study examined the effects of yoga compared to a physical education class on physiological response (blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR)) to behavioral stressor tasks (mental arithmetic and mirror tracing tasks). Data analysis of BP and HR was performed using a 2 × 2 × 4 repeated measures ANOVA (time × group × stressor time points). 30 (17?male) 6th graders participated in the study. Yoga did not provide significant differences in stress reactivity compared to a physical education class (group × time: systolic (F(1,28) = .538, P = .470); diastolic (F(1,28) = .1.061, P = .312); HR (F(1,28) = .401, P = .532)). The lack of significant differences may be due to the yoga intervention failing to focus on stress management and/or the stressor tasks not adequately capturing attenuation of stressor response. PMID:23431341

  2. Computer integrated drug prevention: a new approach to teach lower socioeconomic 5th and 6th grade Israeli children to say no to drugs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gropper, M; Liraz, Z; Portowicz, D; Schindler, M

    1995-01-01

    Drug prevention education provides an important first line of defense against future drug use. Many drug prevention strategies have been developed which teach youngsters of all ages how to say no to drugs. Nevertheless, the problem of drug use and abuse continues to escalate, and younger children, particularly those undergoing harsh psychosocial stress (e.g., hunger, lack of housing, broken homes, family unemployment, etc.), are increasingly becoming a population at-risk. In this paper, the authors describe an original drug prevention program that was developed in Israel aimed at teaching resiliency skills to 5th and 6th grade children growing up in a poverty stricken, urban community. The program, drawing on social learning theory, utilizes an attractive, cartoon illustrated, computer program combined with games, role-playing and group work techniques to prevent future drug use in preadolescent children. PMID:8658321

  3. An Exploratory Study of 4th, 5th, and 6th Grade Summer Camp Participants’ Attitudes and Intentions Towards Physical Activity

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    Melissa Cater

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Physical inactivity is a growing problem among children, particularly school-aged youth. Research suggests children are especially prone to inactivity in the summer months when access to structured school-time and extra-curricular activities is reduced. Community programs like residential summer camps offer an excellent environment for engaging children in enjoyable physical activities while also helping them learn to be more physically active when they return home. Pre-existing attitudes often influence how much change a program inspires in an individual. The purpose of this study was to explore 4th, 5th, and 6th grade summer camp participants’ attitudes towards physical activity. Results of this study indicate that youth have a fairly neutral, though positive, attitude towards physical activity and that parental support of physical activity is still extremely important, even at this age. Campers also indicated relatively high intentions to remain physically active in the two weeks after the camp ended

  4. Homework: A Nightly Ritual Beginning in the Elementary Grades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skaggs, Ann-Marie N.

    2007-01-01

    Homework has become an accepted staple within education in the United States. However, little is acknowledged regarding the influences homework has on students. The purpose of this extended literature review is to look at the influences of homework on students in the elementary grades. The following research on homework was found through books,…

  5. Study of the Effects on Student Knowledge and Perceptions of Activities Related to Submetering the 6th Grade Wing of a Middle School, to Displaying the Carbon Footprint, and to Efforts to Reduce Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peck, Rick

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the effects upon student knowledge and perceptions regarding greenhouse gas emissions as a result of an intervention relying upon the submetering the 6th grade wing of a Middle School, displaying the information regarding electrical consumption and carbon footprint, and reducing the electrical consumption…

  6. Aspectos temporais auditivos em adolescentes do 6º ano do Ensino Fundamental Temporal aspects of hearing in adolescents from the 6th year of elementary education

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    Sulamita da Silva Marcelino Terto

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: esclarecer a relação entre desempenho escolar e aspectos temporais auditivos. MÉTODO: estudo descritivo-transversal com amostra de conveniência, composta por 82 estudantes, na faixa etária de 11 a 13 anos, sendo 43 do sexo feminino e 38 do sexo masculino do 6º ano de uma escola de financiamento privado na Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte. Cada estudante respondeu a um formulário de caracterização da amostra, realizou o Teste de Desempenho Escolar e foi submetido aos testes que avaliam os aspectos temporais auditivos: Teste Padrão de Duração, Teste Padrão de Frequência e Teste Gap-in-Noise. RESULTADOS: os testes que avaliam os aspectos temporais auditivos não sofreram influência relacionada às variáveis sexo, idade, realização de atividades de musicalização e preferência manual. Com exceção da variável "acompanhamento fonoaudiológico" que apresentou significância estatística no teste Gap-in-Noise. Os subtestes do Teste de Desempenho Escolar que exerceram maior influencia no desempenho nos testes Padrão de Duração e Padrão de Frequência foram Escrita, seguida de Leitura e Aritmética. CONCLUSÃO: a análise dos dados revelou que há correlação entre desempenho escolar e aspectos temporais auditivos. Cabe ressaltar que os testes que avaliam a ordenação temporal complexa (Teste Padrão de Frequência e Teste Padrão de Duração são influenciados pelo desempenho no Teste de Desempenho Escolar. Porém o mesmo não ocorre com o teste que avalia resolução temporal (Gap-in-Noise.PURPOSE: to elucidate the relationship between school performance and temporal aspects of hearing. METHOD: a descriptive cross-sectional convenience sample composed of 82 students, aged 11-13 years, 43 females, and 38 males in the 6th grade at a private funding school in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte. Each student responded to one form of sample characterization, performed the Academic Performance Test and was submitted to tests that evaluated the temporal auditory aspects (Duration Pattern Sequence, Pitch Pattern Sequence and Gap-in-Noise. RESULTS: the tests that assess auditory temporal aspects were not affected by the variables gender, age, music activity performance and, hand preference. The speech therapy variable was statistically significant on Gap in Noise Test. The subtests of the Educational Achievements' Test had the greatest influence on the Duration and Frequency Pattern Sequence performance were writing followed by reading and arithmetic. CONCLUSION: data analysis revealed a correlation between school performance and temporal aspects of hearing. It should be noted that the tests that evaluate the temporal ordering tasks (Frequency Pattern Sequence and Duration Pattern Sequence are influenced by the Academic Achievement Test performance. However this does not occur with the test that evaluates the temporal resolution (Gap-in-Noise.

  7. Aspectos temporais auditivos em adolescentes do 6º ano do ensino fundamental Temporal aspects of hearing in adolescents from the 6th year of elementary education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulamita da Silva Marcelino Terto

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: esclarecer a relação entre desempenho escolar e aspectos temporais auditivos. MÉTODO: estudo descritivo-transversal com amostra de conveniência, composta por 82 estudantes, na faixa etária de 11 a 13 anos, sendo 43 do sexo feminino e 38 do sexo masculino do 6º ano de uma escola de financiamento privado na Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte. Cada estudante respondeu a um formulário de caracterização da amostra, realizou o Teste de Desempenho Escolar e foi submetido aos testes que avaliam os aspectos temporais auditivos: Teste Padrão de Duração, Teste Padrão de Frequência e Teste Gap-in-Noise. RESULTADOS: os testes que avaliam os aspectos temporais auditivos não sofreram influência relacionada às variáveis sexo, idade, realização de atividades de musicalização e preferência manual. Com exceção da variável "acompanhamento fonoaudiológico" que apresentou significância estatística no teste Gap-in-Noise. Os subtestes do Teste de Desempenho Escolar que exerceram maior influencia no desempenho nos testes Padrão de Duração e Padrão de Frequência foram Escrita, seguida de Leitura e Aritmética. CONCLUSÃO: a análise dos dados revelou que há correlação entre desempenho escolar e aspectos temporais auditivos. Cabe ressaltar que os testes que avaliam a ordenação temporal complexa (Teste Padrão de Frequência e Teste Padrão de Duração são influenciados pelo desempenho no Teste de Desempenho Escolar. Porém o mesmo não ocorre com o teste que avalia resolução temporal (Gap-in-Noise.PURPOSE: to elucidate the relationship between school performance and temporal aspects of hearing. METHOD: a descriptive cross-sectional convenience sample composed of 82 students, aged 11-13 years, 43 females, and 38 males in the 6th grade at a private funding school in the Metropolitan Region of Belo Horizonte. Each student responded to one form of sample characterization, performed the Academic Performance Test and was submitted to tests that evaluated the temporal auditory aspects (Duration Pattern Sequence, Pitch Pattern Sequence and Gap-in-Noise. RESULTS: the tests that assess auditory temporal aspects were not affected by the variables gender, age, music activity performance and, hand preference. The speech therapy variable was statistically significant on Gap in Noise Test. The subtests of the Educational Achievements' Test had the greatest influence on the Duration and Frequency Pattern Sequence performance were writing followed by reading and arithmetic. CONCLUSION: data analysis revealed a correlation between school performance and temporal aspects of hearing. It should be noted that the tests that evaluate the temporal ordering tasks (Frequency Pattern Sequence and Duration Pattern Sequence are influenced by the Academic Achievement Test performance. However this does not occur with the test that evaluates the temporal resolution (Gap-in-Noise.

  8. Aspectos temporais auditivos em adolescentes do 6º ano do ensino fundamental / Temporal aspects of hearing in adolescents from the 6th year of elementary education

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sulamita da Silva Marcelino, Terto; Stela Maris Aguiar, Lemos.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: esclarecer a relação entre desempenho escolar e aspectos temporais auditivos. MÉTODO: estudo descritivo-transversal com amostra de conveniência, composta por 82 estudantes, na faixa etária de 11 a 13 anos, sendo 43 do sexo feminino e 38 do sexo masculino do 6º ano de uma escola de financia [...] mento privado na Região Metropolitana de Belo Horizonte. Cada estudante respondeu a um formulário de caracterização da amostra, realizou o Teste de Desempenho Escolar e foi submetido aos testes que avaliam os aspectos temporais auditivos: Teste Padrão de Duração, Teste Padrão de Frequência e Teste Gap-in-Noise. RESULTADOS: os testes que avaliam os aspectos temporais auditivos não sofreram influência relacionada às variáveis sexo, idade, realização de atividades de musicalização e preferência manual. Com exceção da variável "acompanhamento fonoaudiológico" que apresentou significância estatística no teste Gap-in-Noise. Os subtestes do Teste de Desempenho Escolar que exerceram maior influencia no desempenho nos testes Padrão de Duração e Padrão de Frequência foram Escrita, seguida de Leitura e Aritmética. CONCLUSÃO: a análise dos dados revelou que há correlação entre desempenho escolar e aspectos temporais auditivos. Cabe ressaltar que os testes que avaliam a ordenação temporal complexa (Teste Padrão de Frequência e Teste Padrão de Duração) são influenciados pelo desempenho no Teste de Desempenho Escolar. Porém o mesmo não ocorre com o teste que avalia resolução temporal (Gap-in-Noise). Abstract in english PURPOSE: to elucidate the relationship between school performance and temporal aspects of hearing. METHOD: a descriptive cross-sectional convenience sample composed of 82 students, aged 11-13 years, 43 females, and 38 males in the 6th grade at a private funding school in the Metropolitan Region of B [...] elo Horizonte. Each student responded to one form of sample characterization, performed the Academic Performance Test and was submitted to tests that evaluated the temporal auditory aspects (Duration Pattern Sequence, Pitch Pattern Sequence and Gap-in-Noise). RESULTS: the tests that assess auditory temporal aspects were not affected by the variables gender, age, music activity performance and, hand preference. The speech therapy variable was statistically significant on Gap in Noise Test. The subtests of the Educational Achievements' Test had the greatest influence on the Duration and Frequency Pattern Sequence performance were writing followed by reading and arithmetic. CONCLUSION: data analysis revealed a correlation between school performance and temporal aspects of hearing. It should be noted that the tests that evaluate the temporal ordering tasks (Frequency Pattern Sequence and Duration Pattern Sequence) are influenced by the Academic Achievement Test performance. However this does not occur with the test that evaluates the temporal resolution (Gap-in-Noise).

  9. MORPHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN FROM 5TH TO 8TH GRADE AT THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Pavi?

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Growth is the multiplying of cells in any sort of dimension, it is most simply characterised by the increase of body mass and height, by the change of constitution, proportions, body structure and different systems. The phenomenon of the body mass and height increase in today’s children and adolescents and their sooner maturity compared to the previous generations of the same age is called secular trend or the biological acceleration phenomenon, and it may be explained by changes in the living conditions and diet (as an improvement. By a transversal method, we measured 1020 respondents, pupils from 5th to the 8th grade at the elementary schools in Split, all together aged between 11 and 14. This research has the purpose of determining quantitative changes of the morphological development with regard to the sex. Based on the obtained research results we may draw a conclusion that morphological development is faster and sooner in girls compared to boys and that puberty swing starts at the age of twelve in girls (6th grade and at the age of thirteen in boys (7th grade.

  10. Effects of reading-writing-application and learning together techniques on 6 th grade students’ academic achievements on the subject of “Matter and Temperature”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih GÜRBÜZ

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the effects of ReadingWriting-Application technique, Learning Together technique and according to teaching techniques suggested by course books developed based on Science and Technology teaching program and approved by Ministry of Education on students’ academic achievements on the subject of “matter and temperature” and attainment level of students regarding the experiments. Sample of the study comprised a total of 92 6th grade students from three different classes of a primary school. As data collection tools; Academic Achievement Test (AAT and Experimental Achievement Test (EAT were used. The study was conducted in three different groups, each representing a different learning method. These groups were; the Reading-Writing-Application Group (RWAG, Learning Together Group (LTG and the Control Teaching Group (CTG. For data analyzes; descriptive statistics, one-way analyzes of variance (ANOVA, paired group t-test and effect sizes were used. Conclusively, it was determined that effects of Reading-Writing-Application technique and Learning Together technique on students’ academic achievements and attainment level of students regarding the experiments were much higher compared to according to teaching techniques suggested by course books developed based on Science and Technology teaching program and approved by Ministry of Education. It was further determined that the amount of increase in the achievement level created by cooperative groups (RWAG and LTG were much higher in comparison to increase in attainment level of students regarding the experiments.

  11. An Evaluation of the Teaching Activities Implemented in the Elementary Science and Technology Courses in Terms of Multiple Intelligence Theory: A Sample from Adana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iflazoglu Saban, Ayten

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate to what extent class activities at the Elementary Science and Technology course address intelligence areas. The research was both a quantitative and a qualitative study. The sample of the study consisted of 102 4th grade elementary teachers, 97 5th grade elementary teachers, and 55 6th, 7th, and 8th grade

  12. ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PERUVIAN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN: THE CASE OF SCHOOLS IN LIMA AT THE 6TH GRADE

    OpenAIRE

    DENISSE L. MANRIQUE MILLONES; KARLA VAN LEEUWEN; POL GHESQUI\\u00C8RE

    2011-01-01

    El estudio que se informa examinó de qué manera el rendimiento académico en diversas áreas del aprendizaje tales como ortografía, lectura y aritmética estuvo asociado con diferentes variables relacionadas con niños (por ejemplo: género, inteligencia y edad). Asimismo, se consideraron algunas variables distales como estatus socioeconómico y tipo de colegio. En el estudio participaron 1.129 niños que cursaban 6to grado de educación primaria en Lima Metropolitana (Perú). Los estudiantes com plet...

  13. ELEMENTARY GUIDANCE--THE DEVELOPMENTALLY CENTERED AND THE CRISIS CENTERED APPROACHES, A REPORT OF THE ANNUAL ALL OHIO ELEMENTARY SCHOOL GUIDANCE CONFERENCE (6TH, TIPP CITY, NOVEMBER 11, 1966).

    Science.gov (United States)

    BAKER, ROY; HALEY, MARGARET

    THE PUBLICATION INCLUDES THE SPEECHES OF THE TWO KEYNOTE SPEAKERS, A PROGRESS REPORT OF THE OHIO ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PILOT PROJECTS, AND THE SUMMARIES OF NINE WORK-GROUP SESSIONS. THE TOPICS PRESENTED ARE--IMPLEMENTING DEMOCRACY IN THE CLASSROOM, WORKING WITH GROUPS IN THE CLASSROOM, TESTING IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL, PLAY THERAPY IN THE ELEMENTARY

  14. Need Assessment for Root Canal Therapy (RCT of the First Molars in Elementary School Students of Tehrans 6th Municipal District

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Bahrani

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Although there have been several epidemiologic studies on first permanent molar caries in Iranian students, the need for endodontic therapy has not been investigated so far.The purpose of this study was to assess the need for first molar root canal therapy in 7- to 11-year-old schoolchildren and its association with age, gender, and parent education level. Materials and Methods: We selected 885 students (572 girls and 313 boys from 12 elementary schools, using a random cluster sampling method. We recorded the subjects identities and examined their maxillary and mandibular first molars with a mirror and an explorer. In case of any doubts about the need for endodontic therapy, we performed vitality tests and/or obtained periapical radiography. Chi-square and Mann-Whitney tests were used for statistical analysis. Results: In 26 students (3% there was an indication for endodontic treatment of the first molars. Of these, 18 teeth were in mandible and 8 in the maxilla. The need for endodontic therapy was significantly related to the subjects age and the parents' education level. We did not detect a significant association between gender and the need for endodontic therapy. Conclusion: We recommend pit and fissure sealant plus fluoride therapy, beginning with the eruption of the first permanent molars- especially in the mandible.

  15. 6th ICSAT

    CERN Document Server

    Subic, Aleksandar; Wellnitz, Jörg

    2015-01-01

    This volume collects the research papers presented at the 6th International Conference on Sustainable Automotive Technologies (ICSAT), Gothenburg, 2014. The topical focus lies on latest advances in vehicle technology related to sustainable mobility. ICSAT is the core and state-of-the-art conference in the field of new technologies for transportation. Research contributions from the US, Australia, Europe and Asia illustrate the pivotal role of the conference. The book provides an excellent overview of R&D activities at OEMs as well as in leading universities and laboratories.

  16. Are Boys That Bad? Gender Gaps in Measured Skills, Grades and Aspirations in Czech Elementary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mateju, Petr; Smith, Michael L.

    2015-01-01

    This article examines gender gaps in academic performance (grades in mathematics and reading) between boys and girls of ninth-grade elementary schools in the Czech Republic. Our analysis is based on 2003 data from the Programme for International Student Assessment, encompassing the academic performance and family background of ninth-grade pupils.…

  17. Effect of retention in elementary grades on grade 9 motivation for educational attainment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cham, Heining; Hughes, Jan N; West, Stephen G; Im, Myung Hee

    2015-02-01

    This study investigated the effect of grade retention in elementary school on students' motivation for educational attainment in grade 9. We equated retained and promoted students on 67 covariates assessed in grade 1 through propensity score weighting. Retained students (31.55%, nretained=177) and continuously promoted students (68.45%, npromoted=384) were compared on the bifactor model of motivation for educational attainment (Cham, Hughes, West & Im, 2014). This model consists of a General factor (student's overall motivation for educational attainment), and three specific factors: student perceived Teacher Educational Expectations, Peer Educational Aspirations, and Value of Education. Measurement invariance between retained and promoted groups was established. Retained students scored significantly higher than promoted students on each specific factor but not on the General factor. Results showed that the retained and promoted students did not significantly differ on the General factor. The retained students had significantly higher scores on each specific factor than those of the promoted students. The results suggested that grade retention may not have the negative effects so widely assumed in the published literature; it is an expensive intervention with minimal evidence of benefits to the retained student. PMID:25636258

  18. Effect of Selected Exercises on Elementary School Third Grade Girl Students' Motor Development

    OpenAIRE

    Sabah Bakhtiari; Parvaneh Shafinia; Vahid Ziaee

    2011-01-01

    Purpose:The aim of this study was to examine the influence of selected exercises on motor development in elementary school third grade girl students in Ahwaz City, Iran.Methods:The present study was semi-experimental, performed as field and using experimental and control groups. The statistical population included all third grade girl students of elementary schools of Ahvaz city (10,500 subjects). Forty of whom were randomly selected (cluster stage) and then were divided randomly into two exp...

  19. A Randomized Controlled Pilot Trial of Classroom-Based Mindfulness Meditation Compared to an Active Control Condition in 6th Grade Children

    OpenAIRE

    Britton, Willoughby B.; Lepp, Nathaniel E.; Niles, Halsey F.; Rocha, Tomas; Fisher, Nathan; Gold, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    Children in the United States are at risk for numerous psychological problems, such as anxiety, attention problems, and mood disorders, and are underserved by current mental health provisions. The current study is a pilot trial to examine the effects of a nonelective, classroom-based, teacher-implemented, mindfulness meditation intervention on standard clinical measures of mental health and affect in middle school children. A total of 101 healthy sixth-grade students (55 boys and 46 girls) we...

  20. Applied Research on Big-Data-Based Analysis of Chinese Basic Education Integrating Social Values —Taking Chinese Education from 3rd to 6th Grade as Example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuqin Zhao

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Primary education is the gold stage of personal growth which is the foundation of the comprehensive development of moral, intelligence, physical, art and labor. Therefore, grasping the daily education of primary students is the focus of primary education. The application of big-data analysis could focus on the micro and overall performance of students. Maybe, these data have no significance to the individuals, but the information of all the students could solve many problems in the teaching process. Accordingly the teachers could acquire the real learning level of most of the students in school and more accurately carry out the personalized education and facilitate the efficient study of students.Using the SAS statistical models, this paper mined and analyzed the 3-6 grade's big testing data on Chinese Language courses through the VOSMaP Database of the EduCube project. In this study, the results of two-way ANOVA analysis model can provide the finding and effectively assist educators to solve the child's learning problems. In China the Chinese Language courses of Basic Education focus on the cultivation of loving the motherland language, cultural and social values; it emphasizes on the development of intellectual, morality and sound personality as well as the balanced development of moral, intellectual, physical, aesthetic, labor and so on. Based on the big data analysis, this paper concludes that the Chinese Language education fused with social values can facilitate the effectiveness of this kind of integration education in China, as well as can provide the educators of this field a new thinking in the big data era.

  1. Perceptions of Elementary School Teachers and Students Using Interactive Whiteboards in English Teaching and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Ju Yin; Teng, Ya Wen

    2014-01-01

    Interactive whiteboards (IWBs) have been widely used in elementary schools in Taiwan. Hence, the purpose of this study was to investigate the perceptions of elementary school teachers and students using IWBs in English teaching and learning. Six public school English teachers and 614 students of 5th and 6th-grades in Yangmei Township, Taoyuan…

  2. Fifth-Grade Turkish Elementary School Students' Listening and Reading Comprehension Levels with Regard to Text Types

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildirim, Kasim; Yildiz, Mustafa; Ates, Seyit; Rasinski, Timothy

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine fifth grade elementary school students' listening and reading comprehension levels with regard to text types. This study was conducted on 180 fifth grade elementary school students in Sincan-Ankara in the spring semester of the academic year 2008-2009. The comprehension test was administered to students. The…

  3. How Wide Is a Squid Eye? Integrating Mathematics into Public Library Programs for the Elementary Grades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kliman, Marlene; Jaumot-Pascual, Nuria; Martin, Valerie

    2013-01-01

    Although public library programs for the elementary grades offer explorations in a wide range of topics in which mathematics plays a role, are all too rare: Mathematics offerings are typically limited to homework help. Participating in out-of-school activities that embed mathematics in authentic ways bolsters children's skill development,…

  4. The Spiralled Sequence Story Curriculum: A Structuralist Approach to Teaching Fiction in the Elementary Grades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stott, Jon C.

    1987-01-01

    Suggests that children, even in early elementary grades, can grasp basic elements of children's literature using a spiralled sequence story curriculum, which helps them examine types of character, such as the trickster; elements of plot, such as the journey; and generally see patterns in the stories they read. (JC)

  5. Fourth-Grade Students' Motivational Changes in an Elementary Physical Education Running Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Ping; McBride, Ron E.; Bruene, April

    2006-01-01

    Achievement goal theory and the expectancy-value model of achievement choice were used to examine fourth-grade students' motivational changes in an elementary physical education running program. In fall and spring of the school year, participants (N = 113; 66 boys, 47 girls) completed questionnaires assessing achievement goals, expectancy beliefs,…

  6. Food: Images of America. Social Studies Unit, Elementary Grades 2-6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franklin, Edward; And Others

    Designed to accompany an audiovisual filmstrip series devoted to presenting a visual history of life in America, this guide contains an elementary school (grades 2-6) unit on American food over the last century. Using authentic visuals including paintings, advertising, label art, documentary photography, and a movie still, the guide offers…

  7. Elementary School Student Burnout Scale for Grades 6-8: A Study of Validity and Reliability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aypay, Ayse

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to develop an "Elementary School Student Burnout Scale for Grades 6-8". The study group included 691 students out of 10 schools in Eskisehir. Both Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis were conducted on the data (Burnout stem from school activities, burnout stem from family, feeling of…

  8. How Fit Are Elementary Children in Grades 2-4?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemlech, Johanna K.

    As part of a Feelin' Good intervention program to improve the physical fitness of children in grades 2 through 4, 603 students were tested for muscle strength and flexibility. Complete pre- and posttest data were obtained from 388 students. Two muscle strength tests and two flexibility tests demonstrated consistent sex differences in performance.…

  9. Elementary Acid Rain Kit, Interdisciplinary, Grades 4-8.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stubbs, Harriett S.; And Others

    An interdisciplinary approach for teaching about acid rain is offered in this curriculum guide for teachers of grades 4-8. Skill and concept areas of science, math, social studies, art, and the language arts are developed in 12 activities which focus on the acid rain problems. A matrix of the activities and subject areas indicates the coverage…

  10. The Effects of Background Music on Learning Disabled Elementary School Students' Performance in Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legutko, Robert S.; Trissler, Theodore T.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated effects of background music on writing performance of nine 6th grade students with learning disabilities at one suburban public elementary school in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States. A single-subject A-B-A design was utilized, and results from graded writing prompts with and without background music over 21…

  11. Prevalence of Dyslexia in First to Fifth Grade Elementary Students Isfahan, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Sedaghati

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Reading is undoubtedly an essential skill for everybody in these years. Reading disorders or dyslexia can cause several problems for those who suffer from them. Early assessment and diagnosis play an important role in treatment of this disorder. The main aim of this study was determining the prevalence of reading disorder in first to fifth grade elementary school students. The subbasic aim was introducing the screening Inventory Reading Test (IRT for diagnosis of the Students with reading disorder at elementary schools.Methods: A total of 200 students (boys and girls in five elementary education grades in Isfahan were selected through multi-stage random sampling method and assessed by IRT in 2008. Descriptive statistical analysis was performed using SPSS Software package version 13.0 for Windows.Results: This survey revealed the highest prevalence of reading disorder in the first grade male students (25%, and the lowest in fifth grade female students (0%. The incidence of dyslexia in all grades generally was 10%. The overall incidence was 66% for male students and 34% for female students.Conclusion: Reading disorder is more prevalent among male students than female students and the Inventory Reading Test is a satisfactory tool for rapid diagnosis of reading disorder.

  12. Elementary school second triad pupils' perceptions of the physical education process in the Zasavje region

    OpenAIRE

    Košak, Živa

    2013-01-01

    The diploma thesis titled Elementary school second triad pupils' perceptions of the physical education process in the Zasavje region discusses the effect of sports on individuals' wholesome development. I focused on the impact physical education has on later life and experiencing sports. I discussed physical education in terms of popularity, pardons, negative emotions and grading. The research included 314 4th, 5th or 6th grade pupils attending elementary school in school year 2011/2012. ...

  13. Effects of Selected Exercises on Elementary School Third Grade Girl Students’ Motor Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakhtiari, Sabah; Shafinia, Parvaneh; Ziaee, Vahid

    2011-01-01

    Purpose The aim of this study was to examine the influence of selected exercises on motor development in elementary school third grade girl students in Ahwaz City, Iran. Methods The present study was semi–experimental, performed as field and using experimental and control groups. The statistical population included all third grade girl students of elementary schools of Ahvaz city (10,500 subjects). Forty of whom were randomly selected (cluster stage) and then were divided randomly into two experimental (N=20, Mean age=8.9±0.49) and control (N=20, Mean age=8.9±0.48) groups. Experimental group was given training for eight weeks, 3 sessions per week and each session lasting 45 minutes. To measure motor development, the Test of Gross Motor Development, edition2 (TGMD-2; 2002) was applied. Statistical analysis was performed using independent t-test and paired t-test. Results The results showed statistically significant differences between control and experimental groups regarding locomotion skills (8.433, P<0.05), manipulation skills (10.951, P<0.001) and overall motor development (13.203, P<0.001). In fact, selected exercises impacted on the motor development of subjects and led to their motor development progress. Conclusions The selected exercises can be used as an appropriate plan to improve motor skill development in third grade of elementary school. PMID:22375218

  14. Elementary Students' Self-Efficacy Beliefs in Science: Role of Grade Level, Gender, and Socio-Economic Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karaarslan, Guliz; Sungur, Semra

    2011-01-01

    This study examined grade level and gender difference with respect to elementary students' science and technology self-efficacy. Additionally, relationship between socio-economic status (SES) and self-efficacy was examined. A total of 145 elementary students participated in the study. Self efficacy towards Science and Technology Scale was used to…

  15. An Assessment of Nutrition Education in Selected Counties in New York State Elementary Schools (Kindergarten through Fifth Grade)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Sheldon O.; Pinero, Domingo J.; Alter, Mark M.; Lancaster, Kristie J.

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To assess the extent to which nutrition education is implemented in selected counties in New York State elementary schools (kindergarten through fifth grade) and explore how nutrition knowledge is presented in the classroom and what factors support it. Design: Cross-sectional, self-administered survey. Setting: New York State elementary

  16. The Effect of Elementary Students’ Attitude Towards Science on Their Levels of Test Anxiety

    OpenAIRE

    Akman, Berrin; Hacettepe Üniv., E?itim Fakültesi, ?lkö?retim Bölümü, Okul Öncesi E?itimi ABD; ?zgi, Ümit; Hacettepe Üniv., E?itim Fakültesi, ?lkö?retim Bölümü, S?n?f Ö?retmenli?i ABD,; Ba?çe, Habibe; Zonguldak Karaelmas Üniv. E?itim Fak. ?lkö?retim Böl., Fen Bilgisi E?itimi ABD; Ak?ll?, Halil ?brahim; Hacettepe Üniv., Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, ?lkö?retim Program?, Yüksek Lisans Ö?rencisi

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this study is to find out the effect of second-grade elementary students’ (6th-, 7th- and 8th-year students) attitude towards science course on their levels of test anxiety. This study will be carried out by using the descriptive method. The subjects of this study will be 145 second-grade students in Ergin Elementary School in Bala, Ankara, Köseli Elementary School in Bala, Ankara and ?ehit Orhan Yalç?n Elementary School in Dörtdivan, Bolu. The Test Anxiety Inventory and the ...

  17. Impacto de um programa de competências em alunos do 2º ciclo de escolaridade / Impact of a skill development intervention in 5th and 6th grade students / Impacto de un programa intervención em alunos del segundo ciclo

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Marta, Melo; M. Graça, Pereira; Jorge, Silvério.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente estudo consistiuem avaliar um programa de intervenção junto a alunos do 2º ciclo de escolaridade nas seguintes dimensões: tomada de decisão, conhecimentos sobre sexualidade, competências sociais, assertividade e autoconceito. Metodologia: Participaram 145 alunos, distribuídos [...] pelos grupos controle e experimental. Os instrumentos utilizados foram: TCU Decision-Making; Questionário de Conhecimentos sobre Sexualidade; Assertion Self-Statement Test- Revised; Questionário de Competências Sociais; Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale. Os resultados revelaram diferenças no pós-teste entre os grupos ao nível da sexualidade. Verificaram-se diferenças do pré-teste para o pós-teste no grupo experimental nos níveis da sexualidade, da assertividade e das competências sociais. No grupo experimental encontraram-se associações positivas entre tomada de decisão, competências sociais e assertividade, bem como entre sexualidade, competências sociais e autoconceito, no pós-teste. Os preditores da assertividade no pós-teste foram tomada de decisão, sexualidade e competências sociais. Como conclusão, os resultados enfatizam a importância de intervenção junto a adolescentes, particularmente na tomada de decisão, na sexualidade e nas competências sociais. Abstract in spanish El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar un programa de intervención con alumnos del 2º ciclo de escolaridad en las siguientes dimensiones: Toma de Decisión, Conocimientos sobre Sexualidad, Habilidades Sociales, Asertividad y Autoconcepto. Metodología: Participaron 145 alumnos, distribuidos en g [...] rupo control y experimental. Los instrumentos utilizados fueron: TCU Decision-Making; Cuestionario de Conocimientos sobre Sexualidad; AssertionSelf-Statement Test-Revised; Cuestionario de Habilidades Sociais; Piers-Harris Children'sSelf-Concept Scale. Los resultados mostraron diferencias en el post-test entre los grupos en cuanto a la sexualidad. Se verificaron diferencias del pre-test para el post-teste en el grupo experimental, cuanto a sexualidad, asertividad y habilidades sociales. Se encontraron asociaciones positivas entre toma de decisión, habilidades sociales y asertividad, así como entre sexualidad,habilidades sociales yautoconcepto, en el post-test en el grupo experimental. Los predictores de la asertividad en el post-test fueron toma de decisión, sexualidad y habilidades sociales. Los resultados destacan la importancia de la intervención con adolescentes particularmente en la toma de decisiones, sexualidad y habilidades sociales. Abstract in english In this study we evaluate an intervention program in the following dimensions: Decision Making, Knowledge on Sexuality, Social Skills, Assertiveness and Self-Concept with students in 5th and 6th grade. Methodology: 145 students participated in the study divided by control and experimental group. The [...] instruments used were: Decision-Making TCU, Knowledge on Sexuality Questionnaire; Assertion Self-Statement Test-Revised;Social Skills Questionnaire, and Piers-Harris Children's Self- Concept Scale. The results indicate differences at post-test between the groups on knowledge regarding sexuality. There were also differences from pre-test to post-test in the experimental group on knowledge on sexuality, assertiveness and social skills. Positive associations among decision making, social skills and assertiveness were found as well as among knowledge on sexuality, social skills and self-concept, in the experimental group, in the pos-test. Finally, the predictors of assertiveness regarding health behaviors, in the pos-test were: decision making, knowledge regarding sexuality and social skills. The results emphasize the importance of intervention for adolescents in terms of health promotion particularly in decision making, sexuality and social skills.

  18. Una estrategia pedagógica para la enseñanza integrada del Español en el segundo ciclo de la Educación General Básica / A Pedagogical Strategy for Integrated Education of Spanish in the 4th to 6th Grades of the General Basic Education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mireya Barboza Navarro

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Recibido 05 de mayo de 2010 • Aceptado 31 de agosto de 2010 • Corregido 27 de junio de 2011   Resumen. La enseñanza de la lengua debe constituirse en uno de los objetivos prioritarios del sistema educativo costarricense, en consideración a su papel como herramienta de comunicación y desarrollo del pensamiento. Sin lenguaje no se puede acceder a los demás conocimientos disciplinares del currículo escolar. Una experiencia exitosa desarrollada hace algunos años con estudiantes de segundo ciclo se constituyó en la base para el diseño y ejecución de una actividad de desarrollo profesional que se implementó con el objetivo de dar a conocer, a un grupo de docentes de instituciones públicas, la estrategia integradora, previamente adaptada a los requerimientos ministeriales y a la normativa nacional vigente. El estudio se desarrolla en el marco del paradigma cualitativo y se contempla, dentro de este enfoque, la utilización de la investigación-acción y de la sistematización. Para la participación en la actividad o curso se seleccionó una muestra intencional, por factor de conveniencia, en la cual se da a conocer la estrategia que luego sería replicada con un grupo de estudiantes de zonas urbano marginales. Como técnicas se contemplaron la revisión bibliográfica, el análisis de los programas de estudio y de las normas reguladoras ministeriales, la aplicación de una entrevista a profundidad, las reflexiones de los participantes del curso contenidas en un portafolio y las del grupo de estudiantes con quienes se aplicó la estrategia.Se analizó la información teórica y reguladora mediante una triangulación, además de las apreciaciones y reflexiones de docentes y estudiantes. Se concluye sobre la necesidad de considerar un enfoque comunicativo en la enseñanza del idioma y se recomienda la estrategia desarrollada en los ambientes áulicos costarricenses que se ofrece en este artículo.  Abstract. Language teaching has become a priority in the Costa Rican educational system, considering it as a tool for communication and development of thought. Without language, there is no access to other curriculum disciplinary knowledge. A successful experience conducted some years ago, with students from 4th to 6th grade, was the basis for the design and implementation of a professional development activity addressed to promoting an integration strategy previously adjusted according to the Ministry’s requirements and the existing national regulations. This study is developed in the framework of a qualitative paradigm including research-action and systematization. A purposive sample was selected based on a suitability factor, through which individuals are informed about the strategy, and then the strategy is applied to a group of students from urban-marginal areas. The techniques used include literature review, analysis of curriculum and Ministry’s regulations, application of an in-depth interview, discussions from the course’s participant in a portfolio, and discussions from students to whom the strategy was applied. We analyzed the considerations of teachers and students, as well as the theoretical and regulatory information by triangulation. The study’s conclusion is the necessity of a communicative approach in language teaching and our recommendation is to implement the strategy developed in the Costa Rican classrooms as provided in this paper.

  19. 6th International Microbeam Workshop

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dr Kevin M. Prise

    2004-01-01

    The extended abstracts which are submitted here present a summary of the proceedings of the 6th International Workshop/12th LH Gray Workshop: Microbeam Probes of Cellular Radiation Response, held at St. Catherine's College, University of Oxford, UK on March, 29th-31st, 2003. In 1993 the 4th LH Gray Workshop entitled ''Microbeam Probes of Cellular Radiation Response'' was held at the Gray Cancer Institute in Northwood. This was organized by Prof BD Michael, Dr M. Folkard and Dr KM Prise and brought together 40 participants interested in developing and applying new microbeam technology to problems in radiation biology (1). The workshop was an undoubted success and has spawned a series of subsequent workshops every two years. In the past, these workshops have been highly successful in bringing together groups interested in developing and applying micro-irradiation techniques to the study of cell and tissue damage by ionizing radiations. Following the first microbeam workshop, there has been a rapid growth in the number of centres developing radiobiology microbeams, or planning to do so and there are currently 15-20 worldwide. Much of the recent research using microbeams has used them to study low-dose effects and ''non-targeted'' responses such bystander effects, genomic instability and adaptive responses. The goal of the 6th workshop was to build on our knowledge of the development of microbeam approaches and the application to radiation biology in the future with the meeting stretching over a 3 day period. Over 80 participants reviewed the current state of radiobiology microbeam research worldwide and reported on new technological developments both in the fields of physics and biology.

  20. Integrated STEM in Elementary Grades Using Distributed Agent-based Computation

    CERN Document Server

    Sengupta, Pratim; Wright, Mason

    2014-01-01

    We investigate how the integration of visual agent-based programming and computationally augmented physical structures can support curricular integration across STEM domains for elementary grade students. We introduce ViMAP-Tangible, a socio-technically distributed computational learning environment, which integrates ultrasonic sensors with the ViMAP visual programming language using a distributed computation infrastructure. In this paper, we report a study in which 3rd and 4th grade students used ViMAP-Tangible to engage in collaborative design-based activities in order to invent 'drawing machines' for generating geometric shapes. The curricular activities integrate engineering practices such as user-centered design, mathematical reasoning about multiplication, rates and fractions, and physical science concepts central to learning Newtonian mechanics. We identify the key affordances of the learning environment and our pedagogical approach in terms of the relationship between the structural elements of studen...

  1. An Attempt of Tribiology Education Aimed at the Lower Grades of Elementary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noguchi, Shoji

    This paper describes the content and outcome of a visiting class aimed at third-grade students on the transmission of force by friction. Pairs of students wore gloves of differing materials and competed to twist a pipe. This enabled them to directly experience how force is transmitted differently in different materials. A survey of the students after the exercise indicated that many of them had enjoyed the experiment and now believed that they had a good understanding of the concept of friction. If a teacher provides a simple experiment, even elementary students in the lower grades can gain a greater understanding of an academic subject. In addition, we also gained some interesting insights concerning how people perceive friction.

  2. Quality of school life and self-concept among elementary school students

    OpenAIRE

    Mediha Sar?; Fulya Cenkseven

    2008-01-01

    The main purpose of this study is to investigate, how much the dimensions of Children Self-Concept Scale, “Behavior”, “Intellectual and school status”, “Physical appearance and attributes”, “Anxiety”, “Popularity” and “Happiness” estimated the elementary school students’ perceptions about quality of life in their school’s. The participants of the study consist of 493 students (235 girls and 258 boys) who attended to 4th, 5th, 6th and 7th grades from four elementary schools located in Adana ce...

  3. La Desercion Escolar en los Niveles de Sexto y Noveno Grado: Una Comparacion Entre Zonas Rurales y Urbanas. Boletin 219 (The Educational Desertion in the 6th and 9th Grades: A Comparison Between Rural and Urban Zones. Bulletin 219).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Maria I. Hernandez; And Others

    In 1962 and again in 1965, a group of sixth and ninth grade students in selected schools in four Puerto Rican communities were interviewed to investigate the factors influencing students' decision to withdraw from school before completing twelfth grade and to identify some characteristics of dropouts. Of 616 students interviewed in 1962, 20.9% of…

  4. Echantillons du travail ecrit des eleves. Francais 6e annee, teste de rendement, juin 1988 (Sample of the Written Work of Students. 6th Grade French Achievement Test, June 1988).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation and Records Branch.

    This collection of student essays provides illustrations of the criteria used to grade the composition portion of the sixth-grade achievement test used in Alberta (Canada). An introductory section describes the procedures for selecting the essays used, establishing scoring norms, and scoring the tests, and offers general comments on the writing…

  5. A critical hermeneutic study: Third grade elementary African American students' views of the nature of science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walls, Leon

    Nature of Science is one of the most fundamental aspects of understanding science. How different cultures, races and ethnicities see and interpret science differently is critical. However, the NOS views specific to African American teachers and learners have gone largely unresearched. The views of a purposeful sample of African American third grade children reported in this study contribute to efforts to make science equitable for all students. Conducted in two Midwest urban settings, within the students' regular classrooms, three instruments were employed: Views of Nature of Science Elementary (an interview protocol), Elementary Draw a Scientist Test (a drawing activity supplemented by an explicating narrative), and Identify a Scientist (a simple select-a-photo technique supported by Likert-measured sureness). The responses provided by twenty-three students were coded using qualitative content analysis. The findings are represented in three main categories: Science - is governed by experimentation, invention and discovery teach us about the natural world, school is not the only setting for learning science; Scientists - intelligent, happy, studious men and women playing multiple roles, with distinct physical traits working in laboratories; Students - capable users and producers of science and who view science as fun. This study advocates for: use of such instruments for constant monitoring of student views, using the knowledge of these views to construct inquiry based science lessons, and increased research about students of color.

  6. Fourth-grade students' motivational changes in an elementary physical education running program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Ping; McBride, Ron E; Bruene, April

    2006-06-01

    Achievement goal theory and the expectancy-value model of achievement choice were used to examine fourth-grade students' motivational changes in an elementary physical education running program. In fall and spring of the school year, participants (N = 113; 66 boys, 47 girls) completed questionnaires assessing achievement goals, expectancy beliefs, subjective task values, and intention for future running participation. They also completed a timed 1-mile (1.6 km) run. The number of laps they ran/walked during the school year was used to assess students' persistence/effort. Results indicated the students improved their run but became less motivated about running while participating in a year-long running program. Children's beliefs about how good they were in the running program (i.e., expectancy beliefs) and their perceptions of how interesting and fun it was (i.e., interest) emerged as the strongest positive predictors of their motivation for running over time. These findings provide strong empirical evidence that expectancy beliefs and interest are essential to children's motivation in elementary physical education. PMID:16898276

  7. Community Solutions to Solid Waste Pollution. Operation Waste Watch: The New Three Rs for Elementary School. Grade 6. [Second Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Virginia State Dept. of Waste Management, Richmond. Div. of Litter & Recycling.

    This publication, the last in a series of seven for elementary schools, is an environmental education curriculum guide with a focus on waste management issues. It contains a unit of exercises selected for sixth grade students focusing on community solutions to solid waste pollution. Waste management activities included in this unit seek to…

  8. A Comparative Study of Teachers' Attitudes and Practices regarding Homework in the Elementary, Middle, and High School Grades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peltier, Courtney Pisarich

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes and practices of elementary, middle, and high school teachers regarding homework. In addition, the study sought to find if there was a relationship between the teachers' attitudes and practices of homework, as well as finding the differences between the grade levels. The questionnaire used…

  9. Effects of Engineering Design-Based Science on Elementary School Science Students' Engineering Identity Development across Gender and Grade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capobianco, Brenda M.; Yu, Ji H.; French, Brian F.

    2015-01-01

    The integration of engineering concepts and practices into elementary science education has become an emerging concern for science educators and practitioners, alike. Moreover, how children, specifically preadolescents (grades 1-5), engage in engineering design-based learning activities may help science educators and researchers learn more about…

  10. Effects of Engineering Design-Based Science on Elementary School Science Students' Engineering Identity Development across Gender and Grade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capobianco, Brenda M.; Yu, Ji H.; French, Brian F.

    2015-04-01

    The integration of engineering concepts and practices into elementary science education has become an emerging concern for science educators and practitioners, alike. Moreover, how children, specifically preadolescents (grades 1-5), engage in engineering design-based learning activities may help science educators and researchers learn more about children's earliest identification with engineering. The purpose of this study was to examine the extent to which engineering identity differed among preadolescents across gender and grade, when exposing students to engineering design-based science learning activities. Five hundred fifty preadolescent participants completed the Engineering Identity Development Scale (EIDS), a recently developed measure with validity evidence that characterizes children's conceptions of engineering and potential career aspirations. Data analyses of variance among four factors (i.e., gender, grade, and group) indicated that elementary school students who engaged in the engineering design-based science learning activities demonstrated greater improvements on the EIDS subscales compared to those in the comparison group. Specifically, students in the lower grade levels showed substantial increases, while students in the higher grade levels showed decreases. Girls, regardless of grade level and participation in the engineering learning activities, showed higher scores in the academic subscale compared to boys. These findings suggest that the integration of engineering practices in the science classroom as early as grade one shows potential in fostering and sustaining student interest, participation, and self-concept in engineering and science.

  11. The effect of a group guidance program to elementary 8th grade students’ views towards apprenticeship training

    OpenAIRE

    Abdullah Ishiklar

    2012-01-01

    The primary purpose of this study is to determine the effect of a group guidance program to elementary 8th grade students’ views towards apprenticeship training. This study is a control group pre-test post-test experimental research. The research was conducted to students who were enrolled in an elementary school in Konya, Turkey. While research’s experimental group was constituted of 11 female and 14 male students (total: 25 students), control group was constituted of 11 female and 14 male s...

  12. ??????????????????????????? An Action Research of Implementing Optimism Program in the Second Grades of Elementary School

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ???Ai-Ling Chiu

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????27?????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????? This study aims to achieve three purposes: (1 To develop optimism program which is suitable for the second grades of the elementary school. (2 To analyze the process and difficulties of carrying out the optimism program. (3 To discuss the students’ change and growth after implementing the optimism program. This study adopts action research. There are 27 students participate in this study and the data collected include instructional diary of classroom observation, children’s performances and learning records, and interviews. The conclusions are as follows: (1 Teaching materials which are close to the students’ experience of daily life or their personal experience could arouse the schoolchild learning motivation. (2 Among multiple teaching strategies, “experience learning” and “praises and shares” are the most popular for students. (3 The application of “six thinking hats” could help pupils to concentrate on thinking. (4 The students can use the ways of “optimistic secrets” to change negative ideas and adjust their emotions, but the effect of solving problems leaves some room to improve. (5 Writing “emotional journal” is helpful to let students thinking about themselves and practice. Finally, based on the conclusions mentioned above, the authors propose some suggestions for elemental school teachers to improve their curriculum design and implementation of optimism program in their teaching.

  13. Content, Format, Gender and Grade Level Differences in Elementary Students' Ability to Read Science Materials as Measured by the Cloze Procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Richard L.; Yore, Larry D.

    1985-01-01

    Examines readability of elementary science textbooks regarding visual supplements (color, visuals, and page layout). Significant relationships were found between cloze scores and both grade level and content. Also found significant interaction between grade and sex in favor of older males. Eight of nine texts were at or near readability…

  14. Project CHOICE: #77. A Career Unit for Grades 5 and 6. Nutrition (Vitamin A) and Jobs Relating to the Handling and Care of Food. (Community and Personal Services Career Cluster).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kern County Superintendent of Schools, Bakersfield, CA.

    This teaching unit, Nutrition (Vitamin A) and Jobs Relating to the Handling and Care of Food, is one in a series of curriculum guides developed by Project CHOICE (Children Have Options in Career Education) to provide the classroom teacher with a source of career-related activities linking 5th and 6th grade elementary classroom experiences with the…

  15. The Non-Graded Elementary School. Revised Edition. Reissued with an New Introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodlad, John I.; Anderson, Robert H.

    This book discusses the anachronistic nature of the graded school structure and the practices that accompany it and proposes the alternative of a nongraded structure. The incompatibility of the graded system with present insights into child development are the the emphasis of the first chapter. Chapter 2 examines the effectiveness of nonpromotion…

  16. The effect of a group guidance program to elementary 8th grade students’ views towards apprenticeship training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Ishiklar

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The primary purpose of this study is to determine the effect of a group guidance program to elementary 8th grade students’ views towards apprenticeship training. This study is a control group pre-test post-test experimental research. The research was conducted to students who were enrolled in an elementary school in Konya, Turkey. While research’s experimental group was constituted of 11 female and 14 male students (total: 25 students, control group was constituted of 11 female and 14 male students (total: 25 students. Vocational group guidance was conducted to experimental group for 9 weeks once a week. The views of experimental and control group students towards apprenticeship education were measured by Apprenticeship Education Evaluation Form-B (AEEF-B at pre-test post-test phases. In this research, applied vocational group guidance program includes views and behaviours which can be measured by Apprenticeship Education Evaluation Form-B. Group discussion and homework techniques were used to gain vocational views and behaviours in vocational group guidance. After analysis there have been found significant difference between experimental and control groups’ AEEF-B pre-test post-test average scores at 0.01 level. Findings showed that vocational group guidance method had a positive effect against negative ideas to apprenticeship education. In addition, vocational group guidance method has been found to be effective in changing 8th year elementary school students’ negative views towards apprenticeship education to positive views. This program is compatible as long as it is used in vocational guidance activities of 8th year elementary school students.

  17. What Are Disciplinary Literacies in Dance and Drama in the Elementary Grades?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frambaugh-Kritzer, Charlotte; Buelow, Stephanie; Simpson Steele, Jamie

    2015-01-01

    Disciplinary literacies in dance and drama are underrepresented in classrooms and in scholarship, especially at the elementary level. The purpose of this qualitative case study was to examine how preservice teachers constructed meaning of the disciplinary literacies in dance and drama. The theoretical framework guiding this study was drawn from…

  18. 6th International Symposium on Thermal Expansion

    CERN Document Server

    1978-01-01

    This 6th International Symposium on Thermal Expansion, the first outside the USA, was held on August 29-31, 1977 at the Gull Harbour Resort on Hecla Island, Manitoba, Canada. Symposium Chairman was Ian D. Peggs, Atomic Energy of Canada Limited, and our continuing sponsor was CINDAS/Purdue University. We made considerable efforts to broaden the base this year to include more users of expansion data but with little success. We were successful, however, in establishing a session on liquids, an area which is receiving more attention as a logical extension to the high-speed thermophysical property measurements on materials at temperatures close to their melting points. The Symposium had good international representation but the overall attendance was, disappointingly, relatively low. Neverthe­ less, this enhanced the informal atmosphere throughout the meeting with a resultant frank exchange of information and ideas which all attendees appreciated. A totally new item this year was the presentation of a bursary to ...

  19. 6th International Workshop Soft Computing Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Jain, Lakhmi; Kova?evi?, Branko

    2016-01-01

    These volumes constitute the Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Soft Computing Applications, or SOFA 2014, held on 24-26 July 2014 in Timisoara, Romania. This edition was organized by the University of Belgrade, Serbia in conjunction with Romanian Society of Control Engineering and Technical Informatics (SRAIT) - Arad Section, The General Association of Engineers in Romania - Arad Section, Institute of Computer Science, Iasi Branch of the Romanian Academy and IEEE Romanian Section.                 The Soft Computing concept was introduced by Lotfi Zadeh in 1991 and serves to highlight the emergence of computing methodologies in which the accent is on exploiting the tolerance for imprecision and uncertainty to achieve tractability, robustness and low solution cost. Soft computing facilitates the use of fuzzy logic, neurocomputing, evolutionary computing and probabilistic computing in combination, leading to the concept of hybrid intelligent systems.        The combination of ...

  20. 6th International Conference on Paleoceanography

    CERN Document Server

    Mix, Alan

    1999-01-01

    This volume is one outcome of the 6th International Conference on Paleoceano­ graphy (ICP VI). The conference was held August 23-28, 1998 in Lisbon, Portugal. The meeting followed the traditional format of a small number of invited oral presentations complemented by a large number ofcontributed posters. Over 550 participants attended, representing thirty countries and nearly 450 posters were presented. The invited speakers addressed the main themes of the 5oral sessions. The session topics were: Polar-Tropical and Interhemisphere Linkages; Does the Ocean Cause, or Respond to, Abrupt Climatic Changes?; Biotic Responses to Major Paleoceanographic Changes; Past Warm Climates; and Innovations In Monitoring Ocean History. This is the first time in ICP history that the Conference Proceedings are published. The aim of the organisers with the publication of this book is two-fold: to provide a useful review of the field and to document the ideas/controversies raised during the con­ ference that may stimulate future ...

  1. Mathematics Anxiety Among 4th And 5th Grade Turkish Elementary School Students

    OpenAIRE

    Fulya Yüksel-?ahin

    2008-01-01

    Using a sample of 4th and 5th graders, this study investigated whether students’ mathematics anxiety differed significantly according to a group of variables. A total of 249 students participated in the study. “The Mathematics Anxiety Scale for Elementary School Students” and “The Personal Information Form” were used for data collection. Independent samples t-tests, Oneway Anova and Schefee test were used to analyze the data. Results showed that students’ mathematics anxiety differed signific...

  2. Theorizing an Integration of Reading and Mathematics: Solving Mathematical Word Problems in the Elementary Grades

    OpenAIRE

    William H. Rupley; Robert M. Capraro; Mary Margaret Capraro

    2011-01-01

    This article theorizes three major cognitive constructs that are operationally defined by shared similarities of processing information in reading and mathematics. Specifically, the paper (1) proposes and details the refinement and evaluation of components of a conceptual model for reading to solve mathematical word problems for elementary students, and (2) develops and refines the theoretical constructs of the model. Our assumptions lay out the interrelationships of reading and mathematic...

  3. Study on utilization status of internet and needs assessment for developing nutrition education programs among elementary school children

    OpenAIRE

    Ahn, Yun; Kim, Kyung-Won

    2007-01-01

    This study was to investigate utilization status of internet, health/nutrition websites among children, and to assess the needs for developing nutrition websites and education programs for children. The survey questionnaire was administered to 5-6th grade students (n=434) at two elementary schools. About 32% used the internet every day while 19.5% used it whenever they needed, showing significant differences in internet usage by gender (p

  4. A study on nutrition knowledge and dietary behavior of elementary school children in Seoul

    OpenAIRE

    Choi, Eun-Suil; Shin, Na-Ri; Jung, Eun-Im; Park, Hae-Ryun; Lee, Hong-Mie; Song, Kyung-Hee

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the nutrition and diet related knowledge, attitude, and behavior of elementary school children in Seoul. The subjects included were 439 (male 236, female 203) elementary school children in the 4th to the 6th grades. The statistical analysis was conducted using SPSS 12.0 program. The average obesity index (OI) was 104.98 and 99.82 for male and female subjects, respectively. The average percentage of underweight, normal, overweight and obese of subje...

  5. Assessing Decoding Ability: The Role of Speed and Accuracy and a New Composite Indicator to Measure Decoding Skill in Elementary Grades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morlini, Isabella; Stella, Giacomo; Scorza, Maristella

    2015-01-01

    Tools for assessing decoding skill in students attending elementary grades are of fundamental importance for guaranteeing an early identification of reading disabled students and reducing both the primary negative effects (on learning) and the secondary negative effects (on the development of the personality) of this disability. This article…

  6. Gender-Based Content of Educational Materials for the Study of Serbian Language in Lower-Stage Grades of Elementary Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trifunovic, Vesna; Petrovic, Ruzica

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the results of analysis of educational materials for the study of Serbian language in lower-stage grades of elementary education (intended for students from 7 through 11 years old) from gender perspective. The first part of the paper presents the process of institutionalization of gender-based education in the Republic of…

  7. Distúrbios de fala e dificuldades de aprendizagem no ensino fundamental / Speech disorders and grade retention in elementary

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Bárbara Niegia Garcia de, Goulart; Brasília M., Chiari.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo verificar a associação entre distúrbios de fala e repetência escolar. Métodos uma amostra aleatória de 1.810 crianças regularmente matriculadas na 1ª série do ensino fundamental de escolas públicas foram submetidas a um teste de rastreamento de distúrbios de fala (TERDAF). Os dados ref [...] erentes à idade e ao histórico de repetência das crianças foram coletados nos registros da escola. A associação entre distúrbios de fala e repetência escolar foram calculadas pela razão de prevalência e intervalo de confiança 95%.  Resultados a prevalência de distúrbio de fala nesta amostra foi de 25%, considerando os valores de sensibilidade e especificidade do teste de triagem utilizado. Também foi verificado que as crianças com distúrbios de fala possuem 1,3 vezes (IC 95% 1,1-1,5) o risco de apresentar história de repetência, quando comparadas aos seus pares sem distúrbio de fala. O risco de repetência atribuível ao distúrbio de fala foi de 6,2. Conclusão o distúrbio de fala entre crianças que frequentam a primeira série do ensino fundamental apresenta alta prevalência e está associado com dificuldades de aprendizagem que venham a resultar em repetência escolar, mesmo quando na ausência de dificuldade auditiva detectável. Abstract in english Purpose to verify the prevalence of speech sound disorders (SSD) and its association to grade retention. Methods 1,810 children, randomly selected and regularly registered in the 1st grade of Elementary Public Schools have been submitted to a speech sound disorder screening test (TERDAF). Data [...] related to age and history of grade retention of the children elected to this study were collected in the school records after being authorized by children’s parents. Association between SSD and grade retention were calculated by prevalence ratio and its 95% confidence interval. Results children with SSD had more chances to grade retention when compared to those without this (PR 1.3; 95%CI: 1.1 – 1.5). The prevalence of SSD in this sample was 25%, taking into account the values of sensitivity and specificity of the screening test used. It was also verified that children with SSD have 1.3 times the risk to present history of grade retention, when compared to children without such disorders. Conclusion the prevalence of SSD when the phonological acquisition must have been established denotes that such cluster is more prevalent than what literature is used to pointing out once few population epidemiologic studies concerning human communication are carried through.

  8. An Investigation of Fraction Models in Early Elementary Grades: A Mixed-Methods Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkerson, Trena L.; Cooper, Susan; Gupta, Dittika; Montgomery, Mark; Mechell, Sara; Arterbury, Kristin; Moore, Sherrie; Baker, Betty Ruth; Sharp, Pat T.

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the effect varying models have on student understanding of fractions. The study addressed the question of what students know and understand about fractional concepts through the use of discrete and continuous models. A sample of 54 students in kindergarten and 3rd grade were given an interview pretest, participated in…

  9. The Construction of a Motor Fitness Test Battery for Boys in the Lower Elementary Grades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiNucci, James M.; Shore, John Roger

    In order to construct a scientifically designed evaluative instrument to assess the motor fitness of boys in the primary grades, 30 test items purported to measure muscular strength, muscular endurance, cardiovascular endurance, power, speed, agility, flexibility, and balance were administered to an incidental sample of 238 boys ages 6 to 9 years.…

  10. Impact of Grade Retention on the Social Development of Elementary School Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plummer, Diane L.; Graziano, William G.

    1987-01-01

    Explored impact of peers on retained students. Second- and fifth-grade retained and nonretained children provided measures of peer reward allocations, preferences for social and task partners, attitudes about school environment, report card expectancy, and self-esteem. Peer discrimination was moderated by the rater's age, gender, physical size and…

  11. ?lkö?retim 6. S?n?f Ö?rencilerinin Okuma Al??kanl?klar?, Kütüphane Kullanma S?kl?klar? Ve Okumaya Yönelik Tutumlar?n?n ?ncelenmesi The Examination Of Reading Habits, Frequency To Use Library And Attitudes Towards Reading Of 6th Grade Primary School Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadir Kaan BÜYÜK?K?Z

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Reading and reading comprehension are among the mostimportant sub-titles of learning process. The acquisition of readinghabit defines a process which requires stressing many factors. Thecontrol of reading skill is closely related with many factors like attitude,habit and interest. This study aims to examine the reading habit, thefrequency to use library and the attitudes towards reading of 6th gradeprimary school students. The sample group of the study included 6thgrade students having education in the Antakya central district ofHatay Province. 403 students included in the study sample were chosenfrom 5 primary schools from different socioeconomic environments. Theresults obtained from the study indicated that the attitudes of femalestudents towards reading were higher than the ones of male students.The effect of socioeconomic environment on attitudes towards readingwas also found to be insignificant. The results of the study showed thatstudents in the sample group tried to spare sufficient time for reading.In addition, a significant difference was found between attitude towardsreading and sparing time for reading books. The results obtained fromthis study indicated that two out of five students in sample group canbe evaluated as “medium level readers” and two out of five students canbe evaluated as “high level readers”. Low level readers had 14.6% rate.The study concluded that 6th grade students used class/school librariesat high rates (84.9%. However, most of the students were found not tobe member of public library and approximately two out of threestudents were found to never use public libraries. Okuma ve okudu?unu anlama ö?renme sürecinin en önemli alt ba?l?klar?ndan biridir. Okuma becerisinin kazand?r?lmas? farkl? etkenlerin dikkate al?nmas?n? gerektiren bir süreci ifade eder. Okuma becerisinin kontrolü ise tutum, al??kanl?k, ilgi gibi pek çok faktörle yak?ndan ilgilidir. Bu ara?t?rmada, ilkö?retim 6. s?n?f ö?rencilerinin okuma al??kanl?klar?, kütüphane kullanma s?kl?klar? ve okumaya yönelik tutumlar?n?n incelenmesi amaçlanm??t?r. Ara?t?rman?n evrenini Hatay ili merkez Antakya ilçesinde ö?renim gören ilkö?retim 6. s?n?f ö?rencileri olu?turmaktad?r. Evreni temsilen farkl? sosyoekonomik çevrelerde bulunan 5 ilkö?retim okulundan 403 ö?renci ara?t?rma örneklemine al?nm??t?r. Ara?t?rmadan elde edilen sonuçlar k?z ö?rencilerin okumaya yönelik tutumlar?n?n erkek ö?rencilere göre daha yüksek oldu?unu göstermektedir. Ayr?ca sosyoekonomik çevrenin okumaya yönelik tutum üzerindeki etkisinin istatiksel olarak anlaml? bir farkl?l?k olu?turmad??? sonucuna var?lm??t?r. Ara?t?rma sonuçlar? örneklem grubunda yer alan ö?rencilerin okuma için yeterli zaman ay?rmaya çal??t?klar?n? göstermektedir. Ayr?ca okumaya yönelik tutum ile kitap okumaya zaman ay?rma aras?nda anlaml? bir farkl?l?k tespit edilmi?tir. Bu ara?t?rmadan elde edilen sonuçlar, örneklem grubundaki ö?rencilerin be?te ikisinin "orta düzeyde okuyucu", be?te ikisinin "çok okuyan okuyucu" olarak de?erlendirilebilece?ini göstermektedir. Az okuyan okuyucular ise %14,6’l?k bir orana sahiptir. Çal??mada ilkö?retim 6. s?n?f ö?rencilerinin büyük oranda (%84,9 s?n?f/okul kitapl?klar?n? kulland?klar? sonucuna ula??lm??t?r. Ancak ö?rencilerin büyük bölümünün halk kütüphanesi üyesi olmad???, yakla??k üçte ikilik bir oranla da halk kütüphanelerini hiç kullanmad?klar? sonucuna ula??lm??t?r.

  12. 6th International Symposium on Ambient Intelligence

    CERN Document Server

    Novais, Paulo; Pereira, António; González, Gabriel; Fernández-Caballero, Antonio

    2015-01-01

    This volume contains the proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Ambient Intelligence (ISAmI 2015), held in Salamanca, Spain on June 3th-5th at the University of Salamanca. After a careful review, 27 papers from 10 different countries were selected to be presented in ISAmI 2015 at the conference and published in the proceedings.  ISAmI has been running annually and aiming to bring together researchers from various disciplines that constitute the scientific field of Ambient Intelligence to present and discuss the latest results, new ideas, projects and lessons learned, namely in terms of software and applications, and aims to bring together researchers from various disciplines that are interested in all aspects of this area. Ambient Intelligence is a recent paradigm emerging from Artificial Intelligence, where computers are used as proactive tools assisting people with their day-to-day activities, making everyone’s life more comfortable. Another main concern of AmI originates from the human comput...

  13. 6th Workshop on Higgs Hunting

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    A subject of major importance in fundamental physics is the investigation of the origin of Electroweak Symmetry Breaking. The mechanism of mass generation through the spontaneous breaking of a gauge symmetry is called the Brout-Englert-Higgs mechanism and is associated with the appearance of a physical scalar boson. The discovery announced at CERN on 4th July 2012 by the ATLAS and CMS Collaborations of a boson at a mass close to 125 GeV/c2, compatible with this scalar boson of the Standard Model, the so-called Higgs boson, mainly in ??, ZZ and WW decay modes, with compatible evidence also found at Fermilab in the bb mode, changed the landscape. This important discovery was acknowledged as decisive for the attribution of the 2013 Nobel Prize in Physics awarded jointly to François Englert and Peter Higgs . This 6th workshop of the "Higgs Hunting" series organized in Orsay on July 30th - August 1st, 2015 will discuss the developments of LHC run 1 analyses, detailed studies of the new boson and possible dev...

  14. The Latest State of the First Grade of Elementary School Textbooks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sema Altun Yalçin

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Elementary education course books have been distributed free of charge by the Ministry of Education since 2005/2006 academic year. These course books are revised every year and prepared again with minor corrections. In this research, teachers were asked about their viewpoints on the final states of the course books that are revised and renewed every year. Thus, course books prepared according to the new teaching program were analyzed, aiming that the deficiencies in the books would be detected and so it would be found out how to apply the program more effectively and efficiently. Additionally, it was tried to find answers to the questions of the latest state of the books and to what extend the books would be compensating for the needs. Looking at the results of the research in general, we can conclude that elementary school teachers are mostly satisfied with the changes made in the books but teachers are not satisfied for example length of texts. And this indicates that the reviews and changes made in the books are not sufficient although they are suitable to their goals. So the reviews and changes made in the books are not sufficient although they are suitable to their goals. Beside that available teacher guidance books are insufficient in satisfying the teachers’ needs. In order to apply the program more effectively and efficiently, the teaching methods in the books should be diversified, the number of activities and their contents should be revised and the questions prepared in accordance with various goals should be reviewed.© 2013 IOJES. All rights reserved

  15. Prevalence of Elevated Blood Pressure in Hispanic versus Non-Hispanic 6th Graders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarlton, Patricia A.

    2007-01-01

    Blood pressure screening was conducted on 4,311 (Hispanic n = 763 [17.7%], White n = 2,566 [59.5%], African American n = 610 [14.1%], Asian n = 136 [3.2%], Multiracial n = 231 [5.4%], and Native American n = 5 [0.1%]) 6th-grade students enrolled in Seminole County, Florida, Public Schools from August to December 2005. Prevalence of obesity was 21%…

  16. 6th International Meshing Roundtable '97

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    White, D.

    1997-09-01

    The goal of the 6th International Meshing Roundtable is to bring together researchers and developers from industry, academia, and government labs in a stimulating, open environment for the exchange of technical information related to the meshing process. In the pas~ the Roundtable has enjoyed significant participation born each of these groups from a wide variety of countries. The Roundtable will consist of technical presentations from contributed papers and abstracts, two invited speakers, and two invited panels of experts discussing topics related to the development and use of automatic mesh generation tools. In addition, this year we will feature a "Bring Your Best Mesh" competition and poster session to encourage discussion and participation from a wide variety of mesh generation tool users. The schedule and evening social events are designed to provide numerous opportunities for informal dialog. A proceedings will be published by Sandia National Laboratories and distributed at the Roundtable. In addition, papers of exceptionally high quaIity will be submitted to a special issue of the International Journal of Computational Geometry and Applications. Papers and one page abstracts were sought that present original results on the meshing process. Potential topics include but are got limited to: Unstructured triangular and tetrahedral mesh generation Unstructured quadrilateral and hexahedral mesh generation Automated blocking and structured mesh generation Mixed element meshing Surface mesh generation Geometry decomposition and clean-up techniques Geometry modification techniques related to meshing Adaptive mesh refinement and mesh quality control Mesh visualization Special purpose meshing algorithms for particular applications Theoretical or novel ideas with practical potential Technical presentations from industrial researchers.

  17. Attracting students and professionals into math, science, and technology education at the elementary and middle grades: Final report, September 1, 1992--February 28, 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flick, L.B.

    1995-12-31

    This report describes the progress of a project to encourage students and professionals to participate in math, science, and technology education at the elementary and middle grades. The topics of the report include documenting activities and procedures for the purposes of evaluation and dissemination of descriptive information, generating case studies of the students going through this program to provide research and evaluation data on the process of attracting technically qualified people into elementary and middle school teaching, establishing a program of mentoring between scientists, engineers, and mathematicians and prospective teachers in the program, and establishing a program of mentoring between master teachers in area schools and prospective teachers.

  18. THE INFLUENCE OF GAMES ON ENGLISH LANGUAGE VOCABULARY LEARNING OF SECOND AND THIRD GRADE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamara M. Alfirevi?

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Different approaches to teaching foreign languages dictated different ways of learning vocabulary. Vocabulary was taught for a long time through translation or memorization of a series of isolated words. Today, it is considered important that children participate in class and that the process of learning is based on students’ satisfaction, which in turn increases their motivation for learning. By using games in teaching, vocabulary is acquired in an interesting way, and allows better memorization of vocabulary items.The empirical part of the paper is a presentation of the survey conducted among elementary school students in Šabac. The research included two groups of second and third grade students, one of which was the control group and the other was the experimental group. The aim of this research is to determine whether learning vocabulary through games contributes to vocabulary items being memorized for a longer period of time. The findings show that the game facilitates vocabulary learning and allows spontaneous and creative expression.

  19. The effects of a classroom-based social skills training program on the levels of assertiveness and aggressiveness of fourth-grade elementary school students

    OpenAIRE

    Asl? Uz Ba?

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of an classroom-based social skills training program on the levels of assertiveness and aggressiveness of fourth-grade elementary students. Subjects of the study are composed of 51 fourth-grade students. Twenty five of these students are assigned to experimental group and 26 of them are assigned to control group. Social skills training program was implemented to the experimental group for 10 weeks. However, no procedure was applied to the co...

  20. Attracting students and professionals into math, science, and technology education at the elementary and middle grades: Annual report, September 1, 1992--August 31, 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flick, L.B.

    1995-12-31

    This report describes the progress of a project to encourage students and professionals to participate in math, science, and technology education at the elementary and middle grades. The topics of the report include developing a model laboratory/classroom for teacher education, providing financial incentives for students with technical majors to complete the program, and emphasizing issues of equity and minority participation in mathematics, science and technology education through recruitment procedures and in course content.

  1. Analyzing stories told by an elementary science teacher in a fifth-grade classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trotman, Alicia M.

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to analyze and interpret the stories told by one teacher, Ms. M, in a fifth grade science classroom. In this study, stories are defined as teacher utterances that are used in first person or third person narrative view, and are related to an experience that occurred outside the classroom. This research answers questions concerning: (a) what types of stories Ms. M tells during science instruction; (b) when these stories occur in the classroom; and (c) what pedagogical functions do these stories serve in the classroom. Utilizing theories on the social construction of knowledge and narrative cognition, stories told may be formed through multiple paths that follow no logical expression to make sense of the context and to connect to its audience. Therefore, this study provides insight into how Ms. M made sense of science with her stories and the ways in which they worked with her students. The results illlustrated that the types of stories found with Ms. M were autobiographical, biographical, fictional, or based on current events. These stories occurred when the teacher initiated the discussion by bringing forth a definition, a question or reinforcing a concept. However, the stories were triggered by students to a greater degree with their questions, concerns, observations or their own stories or explanations. Finally, all pedagogical functions of stories were identified with Ms. M's stories: promotion of engagement or attention of students, building community, clarifying concepts or vocabulary, activation and building of background knowledge and disclosure of teacher role and voice. Ms. M stories exemplified her sense-making of science and connections to her own life that her students were eventually able to make for themselves.

  2. La mirada de las profesoras coordinadoras de la intervención pedagógica en la carrera de Pedagogía con Énfasis en I y II Ciclo / Coordinators’ Perspective on the Pedagogical Intervention in the Study Program “Pedagogy with a specialization in the 1st to 6th grades of the Basic General Education”

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maureen, Camacho Oviedo; Kattia, Rojas Acevedo.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo científico surge del proceso de intervención pedagógica (IP) que se realiza como parte de la formación docente en las carreras de la División de Educación Básica en la Universidad Nacional y pretende destacar las acciones del proceso de práctica profesional supervisada ejecutado [...] en la carrera de Pedagogía con Énfasis en I y II Ciclo de la Educación General Básica, desde la visión de las académicas responsables de la coordinación de dicho proceso. Para ello, se comparte una serie de acciones de coordinación que requiere el proceso de práctica y que son fundamentales para su desarrollo y exitosa culminación. Se sistematizan en tres áreas principales con su correspondiente análisis: acciones de coordinación, acciones de inducción y acciones de cierre de la intervención pedagógica. Asimismo, se retoman las opiniones del estudiantado y profesorado de apoyo en la valoración de dichas acciones. Entre los principales aportes del artículo se destaca que el proceso de intervención pedagógica es mucho más que la formulación conjunta de un programa de curso o de instrumentos, ya que implica una serie de estrategias de coordinación entre las profesoras responsables de la intervención pedagógica, para complementar el proceso y permitir hacer de la práctica un espacio de aprovechamiento y reflexión sobre la realidad educativa. Se genera, además, el análisis y trabajo en equipo, para la constante retroalimentación del estudiantado y del mismo proceso, lo cual permite perfilar la práctica profesional renovada y fortalecer la formación universitaria, al ser el proceso de IP de la División de Educación Básica un espacio de investigación permanente. Abstract in english This scientific paper is the result of the pedagogical intervention process carried out as part of teacher training in the study programs of the Basic Education Division at Universidad Nacional (Costa Rica). It aims at bringing into focus the tasks of the supervised professional practice process con [...] ducted in the study program of “Pedagogy with a specialization in the 1st to 6th grades of the Basic General Education”, from the perspective of the coordinators of this process. The coordination tasks that are essential for the development and successful completion of the professional practice process are analyzed and systematized in three main areas: coordination, induction, and conclusion of the pedagogical intervention tasks. The opinions of students and faculty members are considered in the evaluation. One of the main contributions of this paper is calling attention to the pedagogical intervention process, which involves not only the joint preparation of a course program, but also a number of coordination strategies among the persons in charge of the pedagogical intervention to complete the process and take advantage of the practice to think carefully on the educational reality. This study has been also an opportunity of analysis and teamwork focused on continuous feedback to students and to the process itself, giving a new shape to the professional practice, and strengthening university training where the pedagogical intervention process of the Basic Education Division is a permanent research platform.

  3. New Mexico 6th Code Subwatersheds (12-digit)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — This data set is a complete digital hydrologic unit boundary layer to the Subwatershed (12-digit) 6th level for the State of New Mexico. This data set consists of...

  4. The 15th AINSE nuclear and particle conference at the 6th APPC and 11th AIP congress

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 1994 AINSE conference was held in Brisbane, at Griffith University in conjunction with the 6th APPC and the 11th Australian Institute of Physics Congress. It focused on physics of elementary particles and fields, nuclear reactions and scattering, neutrinos and dark matter. The proceedings booklet contains the conference programme and talks summaries. Seventy one papers out of the 73 contributions were indexed separately for inclusion in the INIS database

  5. Lições de identidade presentes em livros didáticos de séries iniciais / Identity lessons in early grades of elementary school textbooks

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Letícia Fonseca Richthofen de, Freitas.

    Full Text Available É indubitável o papel que os livros didáticos ocupam nas salas de aula de todo o país, mesmo com o crescente avanço das novas tecnologias. Mais do que um recurso largamente utilizado por professoras e professores em suas práticas educativas, os livros didáticos são artefatos culturais que produzem s [...] aberes. Neles estão presentes e circulam as mais diversas pedagogias culturais, as quais ensinam lições que vão muito além dos conteúdos curriculares, convidando alunos e alunas a ocuparem determinadas posições de sujeito. A partir de tais considerações, o presente trabalho se dedica à análise das pedagogias culturais presentes e atuantes nos livros didáticos, mais especificamente, a análise está centrada na assim chamada pedagogia do gauchismo, termo cunhado para designar as diversas formas como as pessoas aprendem a ser gaúchas, em diversas instâncias sociais e culturais. O estudo compara de que maneira a pedagogia do gauchismo está presente em livros de História das Séries Iniciais do Ensino Fundamental, no período que vai de 1960 a 2005, suas recorrências e rupturas. As análises apontam para uma predominância de uma determinada forma de se entender a identidade gaúcha, relacionando-a, sobretudo, à figura emblemática e mítica do gaúcho. Esta representação predominante constitui uma forte pedagogia cultural, produtora de saberes, a qual ensina uma maneira de ser gaúcho, convidando alunos e alunas a ocuparem posições de sujeito e a se constituírem identitariamente a partir de tal pedagogia. Abstract in english While men technologies spread throughout the country, the role that textbooks play in classrooms is unquestionable. Further than a tool widely used by teachers (men and women) in their educational practices, textbooks are cultural artefacts producing knowledge. Multiple cultural pedagogies are prese [...] nt and circulate in them, teaching lessons that go much beyond the curricular content, encouraging students (men or women) to be in particular subject positions. From these observations, the present paper is devoted to analysing the current, active and cultural pedagogies in textbooks, most specifically the so-called gauchismo pedagogy, a term that was coined to designate how people learn to be a "Gaucho" (someone from Rio Grande do Sul state) in different social and cultural situations. The study has investigated how the gauchismo pedagogy is present in early grades of elementary school history textbooks, from 1960 to 2005, its recurrences and ruptures. Data points to a prevailing way to understand the Gaucho identity, particularly relating it to the symbolic and mythic Gaucho. This prevailing representation is a strong cultural pedagogy, producing knowledge, which teaches how to be a Gaucho, encouraging students to be in subject positions and identifying with this pedagogy.

  6. Lições de identidade presentes em livros didáticos de séries iniciais Identity lessons in early grades of elementary school textbooks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Letícia Fonseca Richthofen de Freitas

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available É indubitável o papel que os livros didáticos ocupam nas salas de aula de todo o país, mesmo com o crescente avanço das novas tecnologias. Mais do que um recurso largamente utilizado por professoras e professores em suas práticas educativas, os livros didáticos são artefatos culturais que produzem saberes. Neles estão presentes e circulam as mais diversas pedagogias culturais, as quais ensinam lições que vão muito além dos conteúdos curriculares, convidando alunos e alunas a ocuparem determinadas posições de sujeito. A partir de tais considerações, o presente trabalho se dedica à análise das pedagogias culturais presentes e atuantes nos livros didáticos, mais especificamente, a análise está centrada na assim chamada pedagogia do gauchismo, termo cunhado para designar as diversas formas como as pessoas aprendem a ser gaúchas, em diversas instâncias sociais e culturais. O estudo compara de que maneira a pedagogia do gauchismo está presente em livros de História das Séries Iniciais do Ensino Fundamental, no período que vai de 1960 a 2005, suas recorrências e rupturas. As análises apontam para uma predominância de uma determinada forma de se entender a identidade gaúcha, relacionando-a, sobretudo, à figura emblemática e mítica do gaúcho. Esta representação predominante constitui uma forte pedagogia cultural, produtora de saberes, a qual ensina uma maneira de ser gaúcho, convidando alunos e alunas a ocuparem posições de sujeito e a se constituírem identitariamente a partir de tal pedagogia.While men technologies spread throughout the country, the role that textbooks play in classrooms is unquestionable. Further than a tool widely used by teachers (men and women in their educational practices, textbooks are cultural artefacts producing knowledge. Multiple cultural pedagogies are present and circulate in them, teaching lessons that go much beyond the curricular content, encouraging students (men or women to be in particular subject positions. From these observations, the present paper is devoted to analysing the current, active and cultural pedagogies in textbooks, most specifically the so-called gauchismo pedagogy, a term that was coined to designate how people learn to be a "Gaucho" (someone from Rio Grande do Sul state in different social and cultural situations. The study has investigated how the gauchismo pedagogy is present in early grades of elementary school history textbooks, from 1960 to 2005, its recurrences and ruptures. Data points to a prevailing way to understand the Gaucho identity, particularly relating it to the symbolic and mythic Gaucho. This prevailing representation is a strong cultural pedagogy, producing knowledge, which teaches how to be a Gaucho, encouraging students to be in subject positions and identifying with this pedagogy.

  7. Proceedings of the 6th Workshop on Electron Beam Applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This proceedings contains articles of the 6th Workshop on Electron Beam Applications. It was held on Mar 25, 2011 in Taejeon, Korea. The main topics are as follows: Invited lectures, Bio, Food/Environment, Polymers, Nano, Electronic materials, Poster session and so on. (Yi, J. H.)

  8. The 6th International Earth Science Olympiad: A Student Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barlett, Luke; Cathro, Darcy; Mellow, Maddi; Tate, Clara

    2014-01-01

    In October 2012, two students from the Australian Science and Mathematics School and two from Yankalilla Area School were selected to travel to Olavarria, Argentina in order to compete in the 6th International Earth Science Olympiad (IESO). It was an opportunity for individuals with a passion for Earth science to come together from 17 countries to…

  9. El texto escolar como arma política. Venezuela y su gente: ciencias sociales 6to. Grado / Le livre scolaire en tant qu’arme politique. Livre de sciences sociales pour la sixieme annee: Venezuela y su gente / The textbook “Venezuela y su gente” as political weapong: Social studies- 6th grade / O texto escolar como arma política no livro Venezuela y su gente: ciências sociais 6ta série

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Tulio, Ramírez.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available É analisado o texto Venezuela e sua Gente de Ciências Sociais para 6ta série, da Coleção Bicentenário, elaborado e distribuído gratuitamente pelo Ministério do Poder Popular para a Educação nas escolas públicas venezuelanas dependentes desse ministério. A análise foi feita a partir da conhecida miss [...] ão dada à educação por parte das autoridades de educação e pelo próprio Presidente da República, Hugo Chávez Frías, no referente ao papel ideologizador da educação. Os resultados evidenciam viés, omissões e tergiversações nos conteúdos correspondentes à história da Venezuela desde 1958 até o período presidencial do presidente Chávez. Abstract in spanish Se analiza el texto Venezuela y su Gente. Ciencias Sociales. 6to. Grado, de la Colección Bicentenario, elaborado y distribuido gratuitamente por el Ministerio del Poder Popular para la Educación, para las escuelas públicas venezolanas dependientes de ese ente ministerial. El análisis se hace a la lu [...] z de la confesa misión atribuida a la educación, por parte de las autoridades educativas y del propio Presidente de la República, Hugo Chávez Frías, acerca del papel ideologizador de la educación. Los resultados evidencian sesgos, omisiones y tergiversaciones en los contenidos correspondientes a la historia de Venezuela desde 1958 hasta el período del presidente Chávez. Abstract in english The textbook “Venezuela y su Gente” is analyzed in this study. This book corresponds to Social studies- 6th grade and belongs to Colección Bicentenario. This textbook is writing and distributed, for free, by the People’s Ministry for Education in all Venezuelan public schools that depend on this min [...] istry. This analysis is openly conducted, with the goal recognition of education- by educational authorities and by the president Hugo Chávez Frías himself,- to prove the political based role of education. From the results, there are turns, omissions, and distortions that are seen in the Venezuelan history that goes from 1958 until Chávez’s presidential term.

  10. Effective Reading Programs for Spanish-Dominant English Language Learners (ELLs) in the Elementary Grades: A Synthesis of Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheung, Alan C. K.; Slavin, Robert E.

    2012-01-01

    This review synthesizes research on English reading outcomes of all types of programs for Spanish-dominant English language learners (ELLs) in elementary schools. It is divided into two major sections. One focuses on studies of language of instruction and one on reading approaches for ELLs holding constant language of instruction. A total of 13…

  11. Denakenaga' for Children. Lesson Plans for Teaching Denakenaga' (Minto-Nenana Tanana) to Children in Elementary Grades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Chad; Frank, Ellen

    This curriculum for elementary school-level instruction in Denakenaga' is intended for development of oral native language skills. Included are plans for 60 25-minute lessons, arranged in 11 units: basic conversation; food and eating; hunting and animals; clothing and morning routine; weather; body parts; dogs and sleds; numbers; the village;…

  12. The 6th European metallurgical conference EMC 2011: Proceedings review

    OpenAIRE

    Sre?ko R. Stopi?

    2011-01-01

    The GDMB Society for Mining, Metallurgy, Resource and Environmental Technology organized the 6th European Metallurgical Conference (2011) in Duesseldorf from June 26 to 29, 2011. The same venue hosted the most important international metallurgical trade fairs for metallurgy of iron and steel, new casting and thermochemical processes METEC, GIFA, THERMOPROCESS and NEWCAST. The previous European metallurgical conferences were organized by GDMB in Friedrichshafen (2001), Hanover (2003), Leipzig ...

  13. 6th Krakow-Winnipeg Conference on Advanced Bioimaging Technologies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Starting from 1997 researchers have been meet in Krakow, Poland for the Krakow-Winnipeg conference on MRI. The scope of the conference includes the latest technical advances in biomedical imaging including molecular imaging and nanotechnology. Other topics for presentation include recent developments in whole body MRI, multi-transmit technology and gradient-free MRI. Book of Abstracts from the 6th Conference contains 29 abstracts of Oral Presentations and 11 abstracts of Posters.

  14. Proceedings of the 6th nuclear science and technology conference

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 6th conference on nuclear science and technology was held on 2 - 4 December, 1996 in Bangkok. This conference contain papers on non-power applications of nuclear technology in medicine, agriculture and industry. These application include irradiation of food for des infestation; tram technologies used in diagnosis and therapy and radiation chemistry important to industrial processes. Some technologies which evolved from the development of nuclear power industry are also discussed

  15. Reading: Students' Attitudes and Interests in Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth Grades in Official Portuguese Schools in the USA (A Leitura: Atitudes e Preferencias dos Educandos do 4th, 5th, e 6th Anos de Escolaridade nas Escolas Oficiais Portuguesas nos Estados Unidos da America).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castanho, Maria da Graca Borges

    A study investigated attitudes and preferences concerning reading among fourth-, fifth-, and sixth-grade students in Portuguese-language schools in the United States. Extrinsic factors influencing students (parents, teachers) were also analyzed. The research took place in 10 schools in 5 states. Data were obtained using questionnaires (students)…

  16. The Effects of Cooperative Learning Method Supported by Multiple Intelligence Theory on Elementary School Third Grade Students’ Academic Achievement on Mathematics Course

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilek I?IK

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available In the present experimental study, the effects of cooperative learning method supported by mutliple intelligence theory (CLMI on elementary school third grade students’ achievement on mathematics were investigated. The study, which had lasted nine consecutive weeks, was conducted at a public elementary school in thedistrict of Seyhan-Adana, Turkey in 2004-2005 academic year. The participants of the study were 85 students. For the purpose of this study, on experimental group cooperative learning method supported by mutliple intelligence theory (CLMI was used as the method of instruction whereas the control groups were instructured utilizing the traditional teacher oriented method. “Mathematics Achievement Test (MAT”, “Teele Inventory of Multiple Intelligences (TIMI” and “Personal Information Form (PIF” were used as the measurement instruments of the study. MAT was administered as pretest and posttest to the experimental and control groups. Furthermore, prior to the study TIMI and PIF (for getting personal information about students were administered to all the participants. They also were used in order to constitute the cooperative learning teams in the experimental group. In this research, the data obtained by achivement test was analysed by using statistical techniques of covariance analysis.As a result, there was a statistically significant difference among experimental group and second control group in favor of the experimental group in the achivement test. Moreover, no statically significant differences were observed among the experimental group and the observed – directed group (first control group.

  17. The use of computer as a tool for paint tasks solving in the fifth grade of elementary school

    OpenAIRE

    Benigar Kaluža, Damjana

    2012-01-01

    In the diploma I focused myself on the use of computer as a tool for solving the painting tasks in the 5th grade of primary school. The theoretical part describes the peculiarities of art as educational process and the artistic expression of pupils in the second triad. Further on, certain art concepts and techniques of painting tasks in the fifth grade, as well as the objectives and standards of knowledge in arts are introduced. One way to realize the painting task is to use the computer a...

  18. Matematicas Para La Escuela Primaria, Grado 4 (Parte 1), Comentario. Traduccion Preliminar de la Edicion en Ingles Revisada. (Mathematics for the Elementary School, Grade 4, Part 1, Teacher's Commentary. Preliminary Translation of the Revised English Edition).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beatty, Leslie; And Others

    This is Part 1 of the teacher's commentary for the grade 4 mathematics program. Part 1 includes the commentary for chapters 1 through 5. Topics covered include congruence, numbers and number bases, subtraction of numbers, division of numbers, and elementary geometry. References to the student text are cited. (RH)

  19. The relationship between snack intake and its availability of 4th-6th graders in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hang, Chi-Ming; Lin, Wei; Yang, Hsiao-Chi; Pan, Wen-Harn

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the snack intake and snack availability of elementary school children. Data analyzed were from 722 4th to 6th graders' food availability and food intake questionnaires collected in the Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan Elementary School Children 2001-2002. The snacks commonly eaten were divided into two groups. Healthy snacks included dairy products, 100% fruit juice and fresh fruits. Unhealthy snacks included high fat/sugar snacks, cookies, candy, carbonated/sugared beverages and fast food. Structural equating modeling was used to test the models that describe the availability and intake of two snack groups. Results indicated that parents' intake and children's preference were major predictors of children intake of both healthy and unhealthy snacks. Other than that, the intake of unhealthy snacks was positively associated with "purchase by children themselves" but not the intake of healthy snacks, which was influenced predominantly by "present in home". The results support the perception that a positive family food environment is important for improving children's diet quality. To build a healthy family food environment, parents have to not only provide healthy snacks but also limit the unhealthy snacks in home. In addition to that, the role modeling of parents as eating healthy snacks instead of unhealthy snacks themselves may help children to develop similar behaviors. PMID:17723994

  20. Exploration of a Blended Learning Approach to Reading Instruction for Low SES Students in Early Elementary Grades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schechter, Rachel; Macaruso, Paul; Kazakoff, Elizabeth R.; Brooke, Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    This study investigated the potential benefits of a blended learning approach on the reading skills of low socioeconomic status students in Grades 1 and 2. Treatment students received English language arts instruction that was both teacher-led and technology-based. Comparisons were made with control students who received the same English language…

  1. THE FREQUENCY OF CULTURE-SPECIFIC ELEMENTS IN THE ELT COURSEBOOKS AT ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN TURKEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ?smail ÇAKIR

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Providing cultural elements within the textbook contents is crucial for foreign language learners so that they can attain the authentic language appropriately involving some culture specific expressions that are commonly used in communication. Therefore, it is important for Turkish English learners to understand target culture for effective intercultural interactions. However, most of the course materials at elementary education in Turkey avoid including culture specific expressions as most of the course book writers are not native speakers but Turkish. The present paper pins down this issue by figuring out how much the course books focus on the culture specific expressions in foreign language teaching. To do this, three different randomly selected course books from the 6th, 7th and 8th grades at elementary education in Turkey have been evaluated in terms of the culture specific expressions. After analysing the course books the list and percentage of the cultural expressions will be portrayed.

  2. 6th International Conference on Computer Science and its Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Stojmenovic, Ivan; Jeong, Hwa; Yi, Gangman

    2015-01-01

    The 6th FTRA International Conference on Computer Science and its Applications (CSA-14) will be held in Guam, USA, Dec. 17 - 19, 2014. CSA-14 presents a comprehensive conference focused on the various aspects of advances in engineering systems in computer science, and applications, including ubiquitous computing, U-Health care system, Big Data, UI/UX for human-centric computing, Computing Service, Bioinformatics and Bio-Inspired Computing and will show recent advances on various aspects of computing technology, Ubiquitous Computing Services and its application.

  3. Reading interventions for struggling readers in the upper elementary grades: a synthesis of 20 years of research

    OpenAIRE

    Wanzek, Jeanne; Wexler, Jade; Vaughn, Sharon; Ciullo, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    A synthesis of the extant research on reading interventions for students with reading difficulties and disabilities in fourth and fifth grade (ages 9–11) is presented. Thirteen studies with treatment/comparison study designs and eleven single group or single subject studies were located and synthesized. Findings from the 24 studies revealed high effects for comprehension interventions on researcher-developed comprehension measures. Word recognition interventions yielded small to moderate effe...

  4. The Investigation of relation between elementary school second grade students’ self-esteem, different skills and assertiveness levels

    OpenAIRE

    Hakan Sar?çam; Elifcan Y?lmaz; Arzu Gülbahçe; Öner Gülbahçe; Mehmet Çardak

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to examine the relation among the self esteem, different abilility levels and assertiveness levels of second grade primary education. An investigation has been done on over 180 students, chosen randomly, from the primary education schools of Erzurum MEB in accordance with the purpose of this study. Information Form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Basic Aptitude Test 6-8 and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used. SPSS 15.0/WINDOWS programme was used for data analysis. ‘t ...

  5. The AMES network in the 6th Framework Programme

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The AMES (Ageing Materials European Strategy) European network started its activity in 1993 with the aim of studying ageing mechanisms and remedial procedures for structural materials used for nuclear reactor components. Operated by JRC-IE, it has been supporting the co-ordination of the project cluster throughout the 4th and 5th EURATOM Framework Programs, carrying out projects on with plant life management implications. Among them we can list the development of non-destructive techniques applied to thermal ageing and neutron embrittlement monitoring (AMES-NDT and GRETE), improved surveillance for VVER 440 reactors (COBRA), dosimetry (AMESDOSIMETRY, MADAM and REDOS), chemical composition effects on neutron embrittlement (PISA) and advanced fracture mechanics for integrity assessment (FRAME). Main frame of the network in the 5th Framework Programme is the ATHENA project, which is aimed at summarizing the obtained achievements and edit guidelines on important issues like the Master Curve, Effect of chemical composition on embrittlement rate in RPV steels, Re-embrittlement models validation after VVER-440 annealing and open issues in embrittlement of VVER type reactors. In the 6th EURATOM Framework Programme started in 2003 the network will be part of a broader initiative on PLIM including in a more integrated way NESC, ENIQ, NET and AMALIA networks. This paper shows an overview of the concluded projects, achievements of the running ones and open issues tackled in the 6th EURATOM FWP and a summary of the plans for a new broader network on NPP Plant Life management (SAFELIFE). (author)

  6. Comparison of reading skills between cochlear implantation and normal hearing children in second and third grade elementary in Tehran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farzad Weisi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract   Background and Aim: Reading skill is necessary for academic achievement, that deaf children have problems in this skill due to hearing impairment. Use of cochlear implant can improve auditory inputs. The aim of this study was to investigate the reading skills of children with cochlear implants and comparing that with normal ones.   Materials and Methods: This descriptive - analytic study was done on 24 children with cochlear implant and 24 normal ones that was selected from second and third grades students of Tehran primary schools. Children's reading performance was assessed by Nama reading test and the data were analyzed using T-test, linear regression and Pearson correlations.     Results: The results showed that the means of reading scores of normal children were significantly greater than the cochlear implanted ones (P<0.01. Also, there was a significant relationship between reading skills and period of cochlear implant (P<0.01.   Conclusion: Cochlear implanted children showed weaker performance in reading skills than normal ones due to less access to auditory and Phonological information. It seems that early surgery and cochlear implant before the age of language learning can be partially compensated reading defects of deaf children.   Key words: Reading skills, Cochlear implantation, Second and third grade.  

  7. Habilidades de letramento após intervenção fonoaudiológica em crianças do 1º ano do ensino fundamental / Literacy abilities of first grade elementary school children after speech and language intervention

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carmen Lúcia Romão, Brito; Catharina Pinto Queirós, Uzêda; Jaqueline Gonçalves, Vieira; Laura Giotto, Cavalheiro.

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a eficácia de um Programa Fonoaudiológico de Estimulação do Letramento - PFEL, em crianças do 1° ano do Ensino Fundamental, em relação à efetividade deste nas habilidades de letramento, consciência fonológica, vocabulário e leitura. MÉTODOS: Trinta e sete crianças, de ambos os gê [...] neros, com média de idade de sete anos e um mês, cursando o 1º ano do Ensino Fundamental realizaram avaliação, pré e após intervenção fonoaudiológica, do letramento, consciência fonológica, vocabulário e nível de leitura. RESULTADOS: Na avaliação pré-PFEL a média percentual de acertos na prova de letramento foi de 28,90%; todos os sujeitos apresentaram alteração no vocabulário; obtiveram escore médio de 24,65 no CONFIAS e a maioria das crianças avaliadas encontrava-se no nível logográfico de leitura. Pós-PFEL os sujeitos apresentaram média percentual de acertos na prova de letramento igual a 40,05%; mantiveram déficit no vocabulário; escore médio no CONFIAS de 34,62 e a maioria dos sujeitos permaneceu no nível logográfico. CONCLUSÃO: O programa desenvolvido nesse estudo mostrou-se eficaz, promovendo mudanças qualitativas relevantes no vocabulário, letramento, consciência fonológica e leitura, apesar de quantitativamente, os resultados não evidenciarem significância estatística. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To verify the effectiveness of the Speech-Language Pathology Program of Literacy Stimulation (PFEL) over literacy, phonological awareness, vocabulary and reading abilities of first grade elementary school children. METHODS: Thirty seven children of both genders, who attended the first grade [...] of elementary school and had, in average, seven years and one month of age participated in this study. Subjects carried out pre and post speech-language intervention assessments regarding literacy, phonological awareness, vocabulary and reading level. RESULTS: In the assessment carried out before PFEL, the percentual mean of correct answers in the literacy test was 28.90%; all subjects showed vocabulary deficits; the mean score on the CONFIAS test was 24.65, and the majority of the children assessed were at the logographic level of reading. In the post-PFEL assessment, subjects showed a mean percentage of correct answers in the literacy test of 40.05%; they kept the vocabulary deficit and remained at the logographic level of reading; the mean CONFIAS score was 34.62. CONCLUSION: The literacy program developed in this study was effective in promoting relevant qualitative changes in vocabulary, literacy, phonological awareness and reading abilities, even though the quantitative results did not show statistically significant differences.

  8. Habilidades de letramento após intervenção fonoaudiológica em crianças do 1º ano do ensino fundamental Literacy abilities of first grade elementary school children after speech and language intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Lúcia Romão Brito

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a eficácia de um Programa Fonoaudiológico de Estimulação do Letramento - PFEL, em crianças do 1° ano do Ensino Fundamental, em relação à efetividade deste nas habilidades de letramento, consciência fonológica, vocabulário e leitura. MÉTODOS: Trinta e sete crianças, de ambos os gêneros, com média de idade de sete anos e um mês, cursando o 1º ano do Ensino Fundamental realizaram avaliação, pré e após intervenção fonoaudiológica, do letramento, consciência fonológica, vocabulário e nível de leitura. RESULTADOS: Na avaliação pré-PFEL a média percentual de acertos na prova de letramento foi de 28,90%; todos os sujeitos apresentaram alteração no vocabulário; obtiveram escore médio de 24,65 no CONFIAS e a maioria das crianças avaliadas encontrava-se no nível logográfico de leitura. Pós-PFEL os sujeitos apresentaram média percentual de acertos na prova de letramento igual a 40,05%; mantiveram déficit no vocabulário; escore médio no CONFIAS de 34,62 e a maioria dos sujeitos permaneceu no nível logográfico. CONCLUSÃO: O programa desenvolvido nesse estudo mostrou-se eficaz, promovendo mudanças qualitativas relevantes no vocabulário, letramento, consciência fonológica e leitura, apesar de quantitativamente, os resultados não evidenciarem significância estatística.PURPOSE: To verify the effectiveness of the Speech-Language Pathology Program of Literacy Stimulation (PFEL over literacy, phonological awareness, vocabulary and reading abilities of first grade elementary school children. METHODS: Thirty seven children of both genders, who attended the first grade of elementary school and had, in average, seven years and one month of age participated in this study. Subjects carried out pre and post speech-language intervention assessments regarding literacy, phonological awareness, vocabulary and reading level. RESULTS: In the assessment carried out before PFEL, the percentual mean of correct answers in the literacy test was 28.90%; all subjects showed vocabulary deficits; the mean score on the CONFIAS test was 24.65, and the majority of the children assessed were at the logographic level of reading. In the post-PFEL assessment, subjects showed a mean percentage of correct answers in the literacy test of 40.05%; they kept the vocabulary deficit and remained at the logographic level of reading; the mean CONFIAS score was 34.62. CONCLUSION: The literacy program developed in this study was effective in promoting relevant qualitative changes in vocabulary, literacy, phonological awareness and reading abilities, even though the quantitative results did not show statistically significant differences.

  9. 6th Conference on Design and Modeling of Mechanical Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Fakhfakh, Tahar; Daly, Hachmi; Aifaoui, Nizar; Chaari, Fakher

    2015-01-01

    This book offers a collection of original peer-reviewed contributions presented at the 6th International Congress on Design and Modeling of Mechanical Systems (CMSM’2015), held in Hammamet, Tunisia, from the 23rd to the 25th of March 2015. It reports on both recent research findings and innovative industrial applications in the fields of mechatronics and robotics, dynamics of mechanical systems, fluid structure interaction and vibroacoustics, modeling and analysis of materials and structures, and design and manufacturing of mechanical systems. Since its first edition in 2005, the CMSM Congress has been held every two years with the aim of bringing together specialists from universities and industry to present the state-of-the-art in research and applications, discuss the most recent findings and exchange and develop expertise in the field of design and modeling of mechanical systems. The CMSM Congress is jointly organized by three Tunisian research laboratories: the Mechanical Engineering Laboratory of th...

  10. Proceedings of the 6th symposium on advanced photon research

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 6th Symposium on Advanced Photon Research was held at JAERI-Kansai in Kyoto on November 4-5, 2004. The symposium has been held once a year since 1999, to promote the advanced photon research through speeches, information exchanges, discussion by researchers on the front line of advanced photon research in Japan and abroad, not only reports of latest research results and plans at Advanced Photon Research Center. The numbers of speeches were 16, including 5 invited speeches, and the numbers of poster presentations were 56, including the report of presentations and cooperative research and joint research performed in FY2003. The 56 of the presented papers are indexed individually. (J.P.N.)

  11. Multiple aspects of self-regulation uniquely predict mathematics but not letter-word knowledge in the early elementary grades.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blair, Clancy; Ursache, Alexandra; Greenberg, Mark; Vernon-Feagans, Lynne

    2015-04-01

    The relation of self-regulation measured prior to school entry to developing math and reading ability in prekindergarten through the second grade was examined in a prospective longitudinal sample of 1,292 children and families in predominantly rural and low-income communities in 2 regions of high poverty in the United States. Direct assessments of executive function, effortful control, and stress response physiology (indexed by resting levels of cortisol and alpha amylase obtained from saliva) were measured at child age 48 months and parents and teachers reported on children's effortful control using temperament rating scales at child age approximately 60 months. Math and reading ability, as measured by the Woodcock-Johnson III applied problems and letter-word subtests, respectively, were measured at prekindergarten through the second grade. Effects for self-regulation measures were seen primarily for initial level and to some extent growth in both mathematics and reading, even when controlling for family demographic characteristics that represent relevant selection factors into higher levels of both self-regulation and academic achievement. These effects persisted for mathematics but not for reading with the inclusion of child cognitive abilities, vocabulary, and speed of processing measured in prekindergarten, concurrent with the first time point for the academic measures. Results are interpreted as indicating a role for self-regulation in learning ability generally, likely through support for attention and reasoning abilities that are most specific to the assessment of mathematics in this analysis. Implications for instruction and for assessment and the best ways to support the development of early math and reading ability for children at risk for school failure are discussed. PMID:25688999

  12. The Investigation of relation between elementary school second grade students’ self-esteem, different skills and assertiveness levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Sar?çam

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the relation among the self esteem, different abilility levels and assertiveness levels of second grade primary education. An investigation has been done on over 180 students, chosen randomly, from the primary education schools of Erzurum MEB in accordance with the purpose of this study. Information Form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Basic Aptitude Test 6-8 and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used. SPSS 15.0/WINDOWS programme was used for data analysis. ‘t test’ was used for determine the difference among the groups and ‘Pearson Moment Correlation Analysis’ was used for determine correlation among variables. In this study different abilities were examined in the subhead of Language ability, The Ability of Reasoning, Numerical Ability, and General Ability. It was found in this study that there is a meaningful relation between Sef-Esttem and Language ability, The Ability of Reasoning, Numerical Ability, General Ability, Assertiveness. In the view of the preceding findings, and in the scope of academic success this study is discussed and leads other investigations and applications.

  13. Investigating Elementary School Students' Perceptions about Environment through Their Drawings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozsoy, Sibel

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine elementary school students' perceptions about environment through their drawings. The study was carried out during the spring semester of 2010-2011 academic year. A total of 429 elementary school students, including 68 fourth grade, 78 fifth grade, 97 sixth grade, 85 seventh grade, 101 eighth grade,…

  14. Estrategias metodológicas basadas en tecnología farmacéutica para promover la adquisición de nociones elementales sobre mezclas en el 6° grado de educación básica / Stratégies méthodologiques basées sur la technologie pharmaceutique pour promouvoir l’acquisition de notions élémentaires de mélanges en 6ème degré d’éducation basique / Methodological strategies based on pharmaceutical tecnology to promote the acquisition of basic notions about mixtures in the 6º grade of elementary school

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Blanca, Castillo; Martha, Ruedas.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Venezuela, un país productor de materias primas, requiere de un proceso educativo que conecte al estudiante con la tecnología, que adicionalmente aporte sentido práctico a tópicos generalmente abstractos e implique incidencias positivas en el rendimiento escolar. La presente investigación tuvo como [...] objetivo el desarrollo de estrategias metodológicas, basadas en la tecnología farmacéutica para promover la adquisición de nociones sobre mezclas en alumnos del 6° grado de Educación Básica. Se realizó una investigación de campo experimental, con carácter exploratorio y evaluativo. La muestra estuvo conformada por los alumnos del 6° grado de la Escuela Básica “Trino Celis Ríos”, ubicada en Maracay, Edo. Aragua. Un grupo experimental realizó actividades de laboratorio: elaboraron un jarabe, una crema a base de sábila y una loción para la piel. Se aplicaron pruebas antes y después. Mediante análisis de varianza se establecieron diferencias significativas entre el grupo control y el experimental. La estrategia aplicada promovió efectivamente el aprendizaje del concepto de mezclas y los distintos tipos de éstas en estudiantes. Adicionalmente, resultó ser innovadora, práctica y de bajo costo, una importante conexión ciencia-tecnología y un aporte positivo significativo en el rendimiento estudiantil. Abstract in english Venezuela, a raw material producing country, requires an educational process connecting students with technology. Such process should give a practical sense to topics that are generally abstract and involve positive incidences for the students’ performance. This investigation was intended to develop [...] methodological strategies, based on the pharmaceutical technology promoting the acquisition of knowledge about mixtures by students of 6th grade of elementary school. An experimental, exploratory, evaluative research was conducted on campus with a sample of a group of students of the 6th grade from the “Trino Celis Ríos School” located in Maracay, Edo. Aragua. An experimental group conducted laboratory activities including the preparation of a syrup, an Aloe Vera-based cream and a skin lotion. Tests were administered before and after the activities. Signifi cant differences between the control group and the experimental group were established through variation analysis. The strategy applied promoted effectively the learning by students regarding mixture concept and kinds. Additionally, this strategy was innovative, useful and cheaper, an important connection between science and technology and a signifi cant positive contribution to students’ performance.

  15. Sexuality education in the elementary school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brick, P

    1985-01-01

    The widespread movement to educate children about child abuse may not be teaching children about other human sexuality dimensions. This article discusses 1) the need for a more balanced approach to sex education than this prevention model allowd, and 2) programs to implement sex education within elementary schools. Kindergarden through 3rd grade children ask simple and direct questions; by 5th and 6th grade, questions are more urgent and indicate the need for a comprehensive family life education program. The author mentions a Chicago, Illinois program for 1st, 2nd and 3rd graders, and the New Jersey Board of Education mandate for K-12 family life education. Among program benefits parents mention when they are included in planning meetings are that children will 1) respect themselves and others, 2) have more accurate information, 3) be free to make their own choices regardless of peer and media pressures, 4) be able to make informed decisions, 5) be better able to handle sexual advances, and 6) that parents will be better able to teach their children about sex. Lack of models, resources, and guidelines has hampered program development for the lower grades. The teacher is the single most important factor in any family life education program. Experienced elementary teachers already have the personal and teaching skills necessary for good sexuality educators, and often after brief training in the subject matter, can integrate family life units into their lesson plans. At a training workshop, teachers ideally will 1) learn the solid rationale for adding the gprogram to the curriculum, 2) recognize, at a personal level, the importance of sex education, and 3) understand their own role and how to prepare for it. Training should give the teachers time to reflect on their own sex education and feelings, and to help them examine their own biases, assumptions and areas of discomfort. The author emphasizes that the elementary school is a natural environment for sex education and the need for programs that are not problem-oriented, but that encourage personal development of the whole child. PMID:12340552

  16. Proceeding of 6th short conference on neutron radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 6th short conference on neutron radiography was held on August 30 and 31, 1983, at the Research Reactor Institute, Kyoto niversity, as a part of the joint research program of the Institute. During the period since the first meeting in November, 1970, steady development was made in both research and practical use of neutron radiography in Japan owing to the persistent effort of the persons concerned. In the conference, 70 persons participated, and 21 papers were presented. The problems treated were the apparatuses of neutron television, neutron radiography and neutron photography, the various application of neutron radiography, the standard of neutron radiography and others. The high value of neutron radiography and the increasing demand to use this technique were shown in this meeting. Considering the recent rapid development of new technology, it is expected that neutron radiography will find the wide varieties of application in the near future. The proceedings of the conference are published by collecting the gists of papers, hoping to enhance joint effort and the exchange of information to develop neutron radiography. (Kako, I.)

  17. Aluno-autor: a aprendizagem da escrita literária nas séries iniciais do ensino fundamental / Student-author: learning literary writing in the early grades of elementary school

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Elisa Maria, Dalla-Bona; Leilah Santiago, Bufrem.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Pesquisa etnográfica sobre a escrita do texto literário realizada numa turma de 4º ano do ensino fundamental municipal de Curitiba. O estudo parte do conceito de aluno-autor, criado por Catherine Tauveron para sustentar o argumento de que a escola pode desenvolver nas crianças pequenas uma postura d [...] e autor. O artigo analisa dois textos produzidos por alunos, sendo um deles uma narrativa, e o outro, uma fábula. Paralelamente, apresenta as estratégias adotadas pelo professor para familiarizar os alunos com as características dos gêneros literários, como forma de nortear a sua escrita, de modo a contemplarem em seus textos os elementos da arquitetura desses gêneros, como tema, intriga, narrador, ponto de vista, personagem, estrutura, sequência, coerência, verossimilhança, espaço e tempo. Enfatiza, ainda, o papel do professor como responsável por instigar a reflexão dos alunos sobre sua escrita e criar as condições pedagógicas para que escrevam com prazer, autonomia e criatividade. Abstract in english This is an ethnographic research on literary text writing carried out with a 4th grade class of a municipal elementary school in Curitiba, Brazil. The study is based on Catherine Tauveron's concept of student-author, which supports that schools can induce the development of author's attitude in smal [...] l children. The paper analyzes two texts prepared by students: a narrative and a fable. It also presents the strategies used by the teacher to familiarize students with the characteristics of literary genres, as a means to organize their writing, so that they include elements of the common architecture of genres in their texts, such as theme, intrigue, narrator, point of view, character, structure, sequence, coherence, verisimilitude, space and time. It also emphasizes the role of teachers as responsible for enticing students to think about their writing and creating the pedagogic conditions so students write with pleasure, autonomy and creativity.

  18. Effects of an acute bout of exercise on memory in 6th grade children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etnier, Jennifer; Labban, Jeffrey D; Piepmeier, Aaron; Davis, Matthew E; Henning, David A

    2014-08-01

    Research supports the positive effects of exercise on cognitive performance by children. However, a limited number of studies have explored the effects specifically on memory. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of an acute bout of exercise on learning, short-term memory, and long-term memory in a sample of children. Children were randomly assigned to an exercise condition or to a no-treatment control condition and then performed repeated trials on an auditory verbal learning task. In the exercise condition, participants performed the PACER task, an aerobic fitness assessment, in their physical education class before performing the memory task. In the control condition, participants performed the memory task at the beginning of their physical education class. Results showed that participants in the exercise condition demonstrated significantly better learning of the word lists and significantly better recall of the words after a brief delay. There were not significant differences in recognition of the words after an approximately 24-hr delay. These results provide evidence in a school setting that an acute bout of exercise provides benefits for verbal learning and long-term memory. Future research should be designed to identify the extent to which these findings translate to academic measures. PMID:25050827

  19. The Impact of Incorrect Examples on Learning Fractions: A Field Experiment with 6th Grade Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heemsoth, Tim; Heinze, Aiso

    2014-01-01

    Educational research indicates that error reflection, especially reflection on incorrect examples, has a positive effect on knowledge acquisition. The benefit of error reflections might be explained by the extended knowledge of incorrect strategies and concepts (negative knowledge) which fosters the learning of new content. In a field experiment…

  20. Hardness and stress concepts understanding of 6th-8th grade pupils in primary school

    OpenAIRE

    Stepišnik, Jure

    2011-01-01

    Design and Technology curriculum in primary school (y 12-14) encompases also physical and mechanical properties of design. When dealing with different materials such as wood and paper in the sixth class, plastics materials in the seventh class and metals in the eighth class, students learn about the properties of materials. In the mechanical properties of materials, students encounter the concepts of hardness and stress. Both terms are presented and explained thoroughly in this work. The meth...

  1. Principal component analysis reveals gender-specific predictors of cardiometabolic risk in 6th graders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peterson Mark D

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The purpose of this study was to determine the sex-specific pattern of pediatric cardiometabolic risk with principal component analysis, using several biological, behavioral and parental variables in a large cohort (n?=?2866 of 6th grade students. Methods Cardiometabolic risk components included waist circumference, fasting glucose, blood pressure, plasma triglycerides levels and HDL-cholesterol. Principal components analysis was used to determine the pattern of risk clustering and to derive a continuous aggregate score (MetScore. Stratified risk components and MetScore were analyzed for association with age, body mass index (BMI, cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF, physical activity (PA, and parental factors. Results In both boys and girls, BMI and CRF were associated with multiple risk components, and overall MetScore. Maternal smoking was associated with multiple risk components in girls and boys, as well as MetScore in boys, even after controlling for children’s BMI. Paternal family history of early cardiovascular disease (CVD and parental age were associated with increased blood pressure and MetScore for girls. Children’s PA levels, maternal history of early CVD, and paternal BMI were also indicative for various risk components, but not MetScore. Conclusions Several biological and behavioral factors were independently associated with children’s cardiometabolic disease risk, and thus represent a unique gender-specific risk profile. These data serve to bolster the independent contribution of CRF, PA, and family-oriented healthy lifestyles for improving children’s health.

  2. The 6th European metallurgical conference EMC 2011: Proceedings review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sre?ko R. Stopi?

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The GDMB Society for Mining, Metallurgy, Resource and Environmental Technology organized the 6th European Metallurgical Conference (2011 in Duesseldorf from June 26 to 29, 2011. The same venue hosted the most important international metallurgical trade fairs for metallurgy of iron and steel, new casting and thermochemical processes METEC, GIFA, THERMOPROCESS and NEWCAST. The previous European metallurgical conferences were organized by GDMB in Friedrichshafen (2001, Hanover (2003, Leipzig (2005, Duesseldorf (2007, Innsbruck (2009. The GDMB is a non-profit organization situated in Clausthal in Germany, which is related to combining science with the practical experience in metallurgy, mining, materials engineering, mineral processing, recycling and refining of metals, and manufacturing of semi- and finishing products. The European Metallurgical conference EMC is one of the most known conferences worldwide in the field of non-ferrous metallurgy and is attended regularly by the decision makers from the industry and universities. The scientific program contained 6 plenary lectures and more than 160 presentations from 40 countries in 5 parallel series. An extensive poster exhibition was held, during which the authors had an opportunity to introduce their posters to the entire plenum as a part of a brief presentation. The best poster from the Montan-University in Leoben, Austria, was awarded the € 500 'Poster Award EMC 2011'. Not only were the most important European countries represented here, more than one third of the lecturers were from the non-European countries (Canada, Japan, China, USA, South Africa, Australia. The origin of the participants reflects the aim of the organizers: to make this conference a worldwide platform for the scientific exchange of experience and information. More than 400 participants from all over the world participated at this conference. The scientific presentations of the conference are presented in five Proceedings: Vol. 1: Copper, General Pyrometallurgy, Vessel Integrity, Process Gas Treatment; Vol. 2: Lead and Zinc, Process Control, Process Modeling, Vol. 3: Light metals, General Hydrometallurgy, Precious Metals; Vol. 4: Process Metallurgy, Recycling, Waste Treatment and Prevention, Vol 5: Sustainable technologies, Sustainable of non-ferrous metals production, waste effluents Treatment and Biohydrometallurgical application. The plenary lectures will be published in the scientific journal 'World of Metallurgy - ERZMETALL', which is published by the GDMB.

  3. Proceedings of the 6th European VLBI Network Symposium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ros, Eduardo; Porcas, Richard W.; Lobanov, Andrei P.; Zensus, J. Anton

    This volume contains the papers presented at the 6th Symposium of the European VLBI Network, held in Bonn on 25-28 June 2002. The initial aim of these biennial gatherings of European VLBI practitioners was to review in a timely manner new results and technical developments related to Very Long Baseline Interferometry. Now, however, interest and participation in the EVN Symposia reaches far beyond Europe, reflecting the fact that scientific research and development programs are carried out to a high degree in international and often truly global collaborations. More than 120 scientists from around the world registered for participation in the Symposium. The Symposium was hosted by the Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie and was held at the Gustav Stresemann Institut. In addition to the scientific sessions and poster presentations, the program included an EVN Users Meeting, an MPIfR versus Rest-of-the-World football match (highly appropriate given the competing World Cup event!), a visit to the MPIfR's 100m radio telescope in Effelsberg, and a Conference Dinner held in the nearby old walled town of Bad Müunstereifel. To maximize the usefulness of these proceedings (and possibly as a daring precedent) the Editors decided to demand the written versions of talks and posters and to complete the editorial work before the meeting, and to deliver the book to the participants at the beginning of the Symposium. We thank the authors for their cooperation in delivering publication-ready electronic manuscripts and for meeting the strict deadlines. It is highly gratifying that only a handful of the 100 presentations are not represented in this volume. The editors have made minor changes to some of the contributions in order to improve readability, and take responsibility for any errors arising from these changes. Besides the authors, many individuals have contributed to the preparation of the meeting and its proceedings. In addition to many members of the MPIfR staff, we especially wish to thank: W. Alef, U. Bach, E. Fürst, E. Fingas, L. Fuhrmann, L. Gurvits, N. Junkes, M. Kadler, A. Kraus, E. Middelberg, P. Müller, B. Naunheim, J. Schmidt, and R. Schwartz. Financial support for the Symposium came from the Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, from the 5th Framework Programme of the European Commission (IHP - Infrastructure Cooperation Networks, contract number HPRI-CT-1999-400003), and from the Max Planck Research Prize for International Collaboration.

  4. O Livro didático nas séries iniciais: os "Diversos olhares" para uma coleção de geografia / TEXTBOOKS AND THE FIRST GRADES OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL: several “points of view” for an edited textbook of Geography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suely Aparecida Gomes

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The idea to make a research on the use of the textbook of Geography in the first grades of theelementary school emerged from several discussions during the Course of Geography at the FaculdadeCatólica de Uberlândia-MG. The subject is controversial and there are divergences in what relatesto its importance and use by teachers. We then chose an edition for analysis which is used inseveral state public schools in Uberlândia-MG. We tried to identify and analyze the way somegeographical concepts – that are in our opinion fundamental for the understanding of thegeographical space – are approached in the textbooks. To understand the pedagogic proposal ofsome textbooks of Geography for the first grades of the elementary school it is necessary to evaluate the methodological referential used by the author - or authors - and the criteria that motivate itschoice by teachers and schools. We compared the books content that is suggested by the Secretariade Estado da Educação de Minas Gerais (Education Secretary of the State to the book content ofthe chosen edition. The objective is not to demerit the work, but to point out ways and someimportant criteria for the choice of textbooks for the first grades of the elementary school. Thisinstrument should not foment discrimination, impartiality or neutrality. It should offer elements sothat teachers and students exercise their potential and creativity on the proposed themes, as a toolto be efficiently used in classrooms.

  5. PREFACE: The 6th Nordic Meeting on Nuclear Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Løvhøiden, G.; Thorsteinsen, T. F.; Vaagen, J. S.

    1990-01-01

    After an unintended time gap of five years, the series of regular Nordic meetings on nuclear physics was continued with the 6th Nordic Meeting, August 10-15, 1989. The site was Utgarden in the outskirts of Kopervik, the administration center for the Saga island of Karmøy on the west-coast of Norway. Utgarden, a "peoples high-school'' with a kitchen, housing facility and a neighboring modern gymnasium with fine lecture halls, proved to be an inexpensive and adequate site for the meeting. From the time of the Vikings, the sound between Karmøyy and the mainland has been a vital part of the way to the north. Mobility and international orientation is still a signature of an area where today essential parts of Norway's oil- and metal industry are located. The conference program included a session on nuclear physics in industry and society, with contributed talks from a number of companies and technology/research institutions, which also sponsored the meeting. Lunch visits to Hydro's aluminium plant on Karmøy or alternatively to Statoil's gas terminal on the mainland, were included in the program. The scientific program gives a cross section of nuclear physics activities in which researchers from the Nordic countries are involved nowadays. The spectrum is rich, and the emphasis has shifted to higher energies than was the case five years ago. We appreciate the possibility to present this overview in a separate volume of Physica Scripta. The present issue covers nearly all the talks given at the meeting. The order deviates, however, somewhat from that of the conference program. The organizing committee tried to encourage in various ways the participation of young physicists; this effort was truely rewarded. The young participants put their imprint on the activities in the lecture halls and even more on the soccer arena. The meeting was sponsored by The University of Bergen, The Nordic Accelerator Committee, NORDITA, The Norwegian Research Council for Science and the Humanities (NAVF), The Norwegian Physical Society, The Community of Karmøy, Hydro Aluminium Karmøy, Statoil, Laborel, Aanderaa Instruments and also by other local firms and institutions. The financial as well as practical support from all of these sources is gratefully acknowledged. We will in particular express our appreciation for the indispensable help from cand. real. Konrad Bardsen and his colleagues at the gymnasium where the daily scientific activity, and also major parts of the social program, took place. The meeting could not have been organized nor carried through without the professional help from Karen-Margrete Hovland, backed by her sister Alice and a team of hard-working graduate students from Bergen: Erling Andersen, Håvard Helstrup, Torbjørn Rogde and Espen Staubo. We thank all of our speakers for a smooth cooperation. * The logo of the meeting, Seidmennene på Skrattaskjaer (Old Norse: seidmann = "shaman", skrattasker = wizard or troll skerry) has resulted in colorful interpretations and comments. The organizing committee noticed, with satisfaction, that the logo had been correctly identified in one of the contributions. The still curious reader may read about this thousand year old historic event in the sagas of the NORSE KINGS by Snorri Sturluson, in the saga of Olav Trygvason.

  6. Effects of using relaxation breathing training to reduce music performance anxiety in 3rd to 6th graders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, Yu-Huei; Luh, Jer-Junn; Chen, Hsin-I; Lin, Chao-Chen; Liao, Miin-Jiun; Chen, Heng-Shuen

    2010-06-01

    The current study examined the effects of applying relaxation breathing training (RBT) as a means to reduce music performance anxiety (MPA) in young, talented musicians. A group of 59 young musicians from 3rd to 6th grade participated in this study, and all of them started RBT twice a week for 2 months prior to the examination. Four tests--2 mos, 1 mos, half an hour and 5 min before the examination--were conducted to examine the level of MPA after the application of RBT. Results show that the degree of MPA 5 min before the trial was lower than the degree of performance anxiety half an hour before the jury (t = -3.683, p performance anxiety still increased and reached its maximum half an hour before the jury. The recommendation for future studies is to combine the application of RBT with other methods to expand its effect in reducing MPA. PMID:20795337

  7. Conference summary: 6th International conference on hyperons, charm, and beauty hadrons (BEACH04)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Butler, Joel N.; /Fermilab

    2004-12-01

    The 6th International Conference on Hyperons, Charm, and Beauty Hadrons (BEACH04) treated us to a wonderful array of new results. Here the author attempts to summarize the talks and discuss the conference highlights.

  8. Effects of Nonverbal Problem Solving Treatment on Skills for Externalizing Visual Representation in Upper Elementary Grade Students with and without Dyslexia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winn, William; Berninger, Virginia; Richards, Todd; Aylward, Elizabeth; Stock, Pat; Lee, Yen-Ling; Lovitt, Dan

    2006-01-01

    Two groups of twelve dyslexic children and twelve good readers attended a two-week class during the summer following their enrollment in grades 4-6. The topic was the marine environment and focused on the adventures of an orca whale that had lost its family and needed the children's help. The children attended class for three hours each day, 45…

  9. 6th International Workshop on Application of Lasers in Atomic Nuclei Research

    CERN Document Server

    B?aszczak, Z; Marinova, K; LASER 2004

    2006-01-01

    6th International Workshop on Application of Lasers in Atomic Nuclei Research, LASER 2004, held in Poznan, Poland, 24-27 May, 2004 Researchers and graduate students interested in the Mössbauer Effect and its applications will find this volume indispensable. The volume presents the most recent developments in the methodology of Mössbauer spectroscopy. Reprinted from Hyperfine Interactions (HYPE) Volume 162, 1-4

  10. Introducing Technology Education at the Elementary Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKnight, Sean

    2012-01-01

    Many school districts are seeing a need to introduce technology education to students at the elementary level. Pennsylvania's Penn Manor School District is one of them. Pennsylvania has updated science and technology standards for grades 3-8, and after several conversations the author had with elementary principals and the assistant superintendent…

  11. Elementary Children's Retrodictive Reasoning about Earth Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Libarkin, Julie C.; Schneps, Matthew H.

    2012-01-01

    We report on interviews conducted with twenty-one elementary school children (grades 1-5) about a number of Earth science concepts. These interviews were undertaken as part of a teacher training video series designed specifically to assist elementary teachers in learning essential ideas in Earth science. As such, children were interviewed about a…

  12. Processamento fonológico e desempenho escolar nas séries iniciais do ensino fundamental Phonological processing and school performance in early grades of elementary school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabrina Mª Pimentel da Cunha Pinto Tenório

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: caracterizar o desempenho escolar e o processamento fonológico de escolares da 1ª e 2ª séries, segundo o sexo e grau de escolaridade e investigar a existência de correlações entre essas variáveis. MÉTODO: participaram 88 escolares (48 meninos e 40 meninas entre cinco e oito anos de idade, sem queixas relacionadas à fala ou à aprendizagem. Foram avaliados por meio do Teste de Desempenho Escolar (Stein,1994 e pelas provas de nomeação rápida, repetição de pseudopalavras e consciência fonológica, habilidades relacionadas ao processamento fonológico. A análise estatística se deu pelo teste de Mann-Withney U e pelo coeficiente de Spearman, com intervalo de confiança de 95%. RESULTADOS: a maioria dos escolares apresentou classificação de desempenho inferior nos subtestes do Teste de Desempenho Escolar, com maior média de acertos para leitura. Não houve diferença significante entre meninos e meninas. Os escolares da 2ª série mostraram melhor desempenho em escrita, leitura e aritmética, quando comparados aos alunos da 1ª série. Ao contrário dos desempenhos em leitura, escrita, aritmética e consciência fonológica, os desempenhos em acesso lexical e memória fonológica não diferenciaram as séries. Na 1ª série, encontraram-se correlações positivas entre o acesso ao léxico mental e a consciência fonológica, entre leitura e escrita e consciência fonológica, e entre aritmética e consciência fonológica. Na 2ª série, identificaram-se correlações positivas entre escrita, leitura e aritmética e com a consciência fonológica, acesso ao léxico com memória fonológica e consciência fonológica. CONCLUSÃO: os escolares da 2ª série apresentaram melhores escores de desempenho escolar e de consciência fonológica quando comparados aos alunos 1ª, apesar da maioria ter alcançado classificação inferior à esperada para a série, definida pelo Teste. Diferentes variáveis do processamento fonológico correlacionaram-se positivamente com o desempenho escolar.PURPOSE: to characterize school performance and phonological processing of First and Second Grade students according to the following variables: gender; writing, arithmetic, and reading performance; lexical phonological access; phonological short-term memory; and phonological awareness, investigating the presence of correlations between groups and among variables. METHOD: eighty-eight students (boys and girls with ages between 05 years and 08 years, without speech or learning complaints, took part in the study. Participants had their performance assessed on: writing, reading and arithmetic tasks; subtests of the School Performance Test (Stein, 1994; lexical access; short term phonological memory; and skills related to phonological processing. Data were tabulated and analyzed through Mann-Whitney U test for comparison of school performance variables and phonological processing. Spearman coefficient was used to check the correlation among such variables. The confidence interval adopted was 95%. RESULTS: most students showed lower performance on School Performance Test' subtests, with higher mean accuracy as for reading. No significant difference was observed between boys and girls. In the First Grade group, good to moderate positive correlations between lexical access and phonological awareness; reading and writing and phonological awareness; arithmetic and phonological awareness were observed. In the Second Grade group, good to moderate positive correlations among writing, reading and arithmetic; phonological awareness, lexical access, phonological memory and phonological awareness were observed. CONCLUSIONS: second grade students showed better performance on writing, reading and phonological awareness. In contrast to performance on writing, reading and arithmetic, performance on lexical access and phonological memory did not differ between grades. Good to moderate positive correlations between school performance and phonological processing were observed.

  13. Processamento fonológico e desempenho escolar nas séries iniciais do ensino fundamental / Phonological processing and school performance in early grades of elementary school

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sabrina Mª Pimentel da Cunha Pinto, Tenório; Clara Regina Brandão de, Ávila.

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: caracterizar o desempenho escolar e o processamento fonológico de escolares da 1ª e 2ª séries, segundo o sexo e grau de escolaridade e investigar a existência de correlações entre essas variáveis. MÉTODO: participaram 88 escolares (48 meninos e 40 meninas) entre cinco e oito anos de idade, [...] sem queixas relacionadas à fala ou à aprendizagem. Foram avaliados por meio do Teste de Desempenho Escolar (Stein,1994) e pelas provas de nomeação rápida, repetição de pseudopalavras e consciência fonológica, habilidades relacionadas ao processamento fonológico. A análise estatística se deu pelo teste de Mann-Withney U e pelo coeficiente de Spearman, com intervalo de confiança de 95%. RESULTADOS: a maioria dos escolares apresentou classificação de desempenho inferior nos subtestes do Teste de Desempenho Escolar, com maior média de acertos para leitura. Não houve diferença significante entre meninos e meninas. Os escolares da 2ª série mostraram melhor desempenho em escrita, leitura e aritmética, quando comparados aos alunos da 1ª série. Ao contrário dos desempenhos em leitura, escrita, aritmética e consciência fonológica, os desempenhos em acesso lexical e memória fonológica não diferenciaram as séries. Na 1ª série, encontraram-se correlações positivas entre o acesso ao léxico mental e a consciência fonológica, entre leitura e escrita e consciência fonológica, e entre aritmética e consciência fonológica. Na 2ª série, identificaram-se correlações positivas entre escrita, leitura e aritmética e com a consciência fonológica, acesso ao léxico com memória fonológica e consciência fonológica. CONCLUSÃO: os escolares da 2ª série apresentaram melhores escores de desempenho escolar e de consciência fonológica quando comparados aos alunos 1ª, apesar da maioria ter alcançado classificação inferior à esperada para a série, definida pelo Teste. Diferentes variáveis do processamento fonológico correlacionaram-se positivamente com o desempenho escolar. Abstract in english PURPOSE: to characterize school performance and phonological processing of First and Second Grade students according to the following variables: gender; writing, arithmetic, and reading performance; lexical phonological access; phonological short-term memory; and phonological awareness, investigatin [...] g the presence of correlations between groups and among variables. METHOD: eighty-eight students (boys and girls) with ages between 05 years and 08 years, without speech or learning complaints, took part in the study. Participants had their performance assessed on: writing, reading and arithmetic tasks; subtests of the School Performance Test (Stein, 1994); lexical access; short term phonological memory; and skills related to phonological processing. Data were tabulated and analyzed through Mann-Whitney U test for comparison of school performance variables and phonological processing. Spearman coefficient was used to check the correlation among such variables. The confidence interval adopted was 95%. RESULTS: most students showed lower performance on School Performance Test' subtests, with higher mean accuracy as for reading. No significant difference was observed between boys and girls. In the First Grade group, good to moderate positive correlations between lexical access and phonological awareness; reading and writing and phonological awareness; arithmetic and phonological awareness were observed. In the Second Grade group, good to moderate positive correlations among writing, reading and arithmetic; phonological awareness, lexical access, phonological memory and phonological awareness were observed. CONCLUSIONS: second grade students showed better performance on writing, reading and phonological awareness. In contrast to performance on writing, reading and arithmetic, performance on lexical access and phonological memory did not differ between grades. Good to moderate positive correlations between school performance and phonological processing were observed.

  14. Elementary Students' Metaphors for Democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dundar, Hakan

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the research was to reveal elementary 8th grade students' opinions concerning democracy with the aid of metaphors. The students were asked to produce metaphors about the concept of democracy. 140 students from 3 public schools in Ankara (Turkey) participated in the research. 55% of the students were females and 45% were males. The…

  15. Acoustics in the elementary classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Uwe J.

    2005-04-01

    The need for increased science exposure at all educational levels continues to be acute. Science is almost universally perceived as difficult, and its ability to raise the quality of life in the presence of apparently insurmountable social problems is increasingly suspect. Over the past 15 years we have conducted teacher workshops, visited classrooms, have organized hands-on demonstration sessions, judged science fairs, and mentored high school students in research efforts, all in an attempt to raise the level of enthusiasm for science. A look ahead suggests that the need continues. Elementary school teachers all too often limit their own science skills to plants and animals, and thus physics concepts do not get the exposure needed to generate the necessary excitement for the physical sciences. Workshops for Elementary grade teachers will be described, which are aimed at preparing teachers to use music as a vehicle to introduce basic physics concepts in the upper elementary grades.

  16. Cluster-randomized trial demonstrating impact on academic achievement of elementary social-emotional learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schonfeld, David J; Adams, Ryan E; Fredstrom, Bridget K; Weissberg, Roger P; Gilman, Richard; Voyce, Charlene; Tomlin, Ricarda; Speese-Linehan, Dee

    2015-09-01

    This study evaluated the results of a social and emotional learning (SEL) program on academic achievement among students attending a large, urban, high-risk school district. Using a cluster-randomized design, 24 elementary schools were assigned to receive either the intervention curriculum (Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies, or PATHS) or a curriculum that delivered few if any SEL topics (i.e., the control group). In addition to state mastery test scores, demographic data, school attendance, and dosage information were obtained from 705 students who remained in the same group from the 3rd to the 6th grade. Analyses of odds ratios revealed that students enrolled in the intervention schools demonstrated higher levels of basic proficiency in reading, writing, and math at some grade levels. Although these between-groups differences held for race/ethnicity, gender, and socioeconomic status, significant within-group differences also were noted across these variables. Collectively, these findings indicated that social development instruction may be a promising approach to promote acquisition of academic proficiency, especially among youth attending high-risk school settings. Implications of these findings with respect to SEL programs conclude the article. PMID:25485463

  17. Elementary algebra

    CERN Document Server

    McKeague, Charles P

    1986-01-01

    Elementary Algebra, Third Edition focuses on the basic principles, operations, and approaches involved in elementary algebra. The book first ponders on the basics, linear equations and inequalities, and graphing and linear systems. Discussions focus on the elimination method, solving linear systems by graphing, word problems, addition property of equality, solving linear equations, linear inequalities, addition and subtraction of real numbers, and properties of real numbers. The text then takes a look at exponents and polynomials, factoring, and rational expressions. Topics include reducing ra

  18. Elementary algebra

    CERN Document Server

    McKeague, Charles P

    1981-01-01

    Elementary Algebra 2e, Second Edition focuses on the basic principles, operations, and approaches involved in elementary algebra. The book first tackles the basics, linear equations and inequalities, and graphing and linear systems. Discussions focus on the substitution method, solving linear systems by graphing, solutions to linear equations in two variables, multiplication property of equality, word problems, addition property of equality, and subtraction, addition, multiplication, and division of real numbers. The manuscript then examines exponents and polynomials, factoring, and rational e

  19. Letramento escolar de estudantes de 1ª e 2ª séries do ensino fundamental de escola pública Formal literacy of first and second grade students of a public elementary school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Silvia Cárnio

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar e comparar o desempenho em letramento escolar de indivíduos de 1ª e 2ª séries do Ensino Fundamental de uma escola pública antes e após Programas de Práticas Reflexivas de Linguagem (PPRL. MÉTODOS: Participaram desta pesquisa 97 escolares de 1ª série e 149 de 2ª série entre os anos de 2006 e 2008. Os indivíduos realizaram triagens do letramento escolar antes e após PPRL. Estes tiveram a duração média de quatro meses; foram realizados em situação coletiva e em parceria com os professores das classes selecionadas. Foram elaborados segundo os temas norteadores: promoção de práticas de letramento; conscientização sobre o uso da voz e dos níveis de ruído nas escolas; promoção de narrativas orais e escritas, envolvendo a metalinguagem e principalmente a consciência fonológica e promoção de práticas de leitura e compreensão de leitura. Ao término de cada programa, foram realizadas triagens finais, com a finalidade de analisar e comparar o desempenho dos escolares antes e após a realização dos programas. Os dados foram analisados qualitativa e quantitativamente. RESULTADOS: Houve diferenças significativas no desempenho entre as séries tanto nas triagens iniciais, quanto nas finais nas provas de ditado, leitura de palavras e frases e cloze de frases. CONCLUSÃO: A 2ª série apresentou resultados melhores do que a 1ª série. Os resultados foram mais significativos nas provas que demandaram conhecimento mais aprofundado da relação fonema-grafema e vice-versa, sugerindo que o letramento escolar é necessário quando o letramento social não se faz presente.PURPOSE: To investigate and compare the school literacy performance of 1st and 2nd grades elementary school individuals of a public school, before and after Reflexive Practices in Language Programs (RPLP. METHODS: Ninety-seven students of the 1st grade and 149 of the 2nd grade, between the years 2006 and 2008, took part in this study. The subjects were submitted to school literacy screenings before and after the RPLP. The programs had an average duration of four months, and were carried out in a collective situation in classrooms, and in partnership with the teachers of the selected classes. They were prepared according to the guiding themes: promotion of literacy practices; awareness about use of voice and noise levels at school; promotion of oral and written narratives, involving meta-language and, mainly, phonological awareness and the promotion of reading practices and reading comprehension. At the end of each program, final screenings were carried out in order to analyze and compare students' performance before and after their implementation. Data were qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed. RESULTS: Significant performance differences were found between 1st and 2nd grades, in both initial and final screenings, in the subtests dictation, words and sentences reading and sentence cloze were found. CONCLUSION: Second grade had better results than first grade. The results were more significant in subtests that required deeper understanding of the phoneme-grapheme association and vice-versa, suggesting that school literacy is necessary when social literacy is not present.

  20. Letramento escolar de estudantes de 1ª e 2ª séries do ensino fundamental de escola pública / Formal literacy of first and second grade students of a public elementary school

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria Silvia, Cárnio; Marília Barbieri, Pereira; Débora Cristina, Alves; Rosangela Viana, Andrade.

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Investigar e comparar o desempenho em letramento escolar de indivíduos de 1ª e 2ª séries do Ensino Fundamental de uma escola pública antes e após Programas de Práticas Reflexivas de Linguagem (PPRL). MÉTODOS: Participaram desta pesquisa 97 escolares de 1ª série e 149 de 2ª série entre os a [...] nos de 2006 e 2008. Os indivíduos realizaram triagens do letramento escolar antes e após PPRL. Estes tiveram a duração média de quatro meses; foram realizados em situação coletiva e em parceria com os professores das classes selecionadas. Foram elaborados segundo os temas norteadores: promoção de práticas de letramento; conscientização sobre o uso da voz e dos níveis de ruído nas escolas; promoção de narrativas orais e escritas, envolvendo a metalinguagem e principalmente a consciência fonológica e promoção de práticas de leitura e compreensão de leitura. Ao término de cada programa, foram realizadas triagens finais, com a finalidade de analisar e comparar o desempenho dos escolares antes e após a realização dos programas. Os dados foram analisados qualitativa e quantitativamente. RESULTADOS: Houve diferenças significativas no desempenho entre as séries tanto nas triagens iniciais, quanto nas finais nas provas de ditado, leitura de palavras e frases e cloze de frases. CONCLUSÃO: A 2ª série apresentou resultados melhores do que a 1ª série. Os resultados foram mais significativos nas provas que demandaram conhecimento mais aprofundado da relação fonema-grafema e vice-versa, sugerindo que o letramento escolar é necessário quando o letramento social não se faz presente. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To investigate and compare the school literacy performance of 1st and 2nd grades elementary school individuals of a public school, before and after Reflexive Practices in Language Programs (RPLP). METHODS: Ninety-seven students of the 1st grade and 149 of the 2nd grade, between the years 20 [...] 06 and 2008, took part in this study. The subjects were submitted to school literacy screenings before and after the RPLP. The programs had an average duration of four months, and were carried out in a collective situation in classrooms, and in partnership with the teachers of the selected classes. They were prepared according to the guiding themes: promotion of literacy practices; awareness about use of voice and noise levels at school; promotion of oral and written narratives, involving meta-language and, mainly, phonological awareness and the promotion of reading practices and reading comprehension. At the end of each program, final screenings were carried out in order to analyze and compare students' performance before and after their implementation. Data were qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed. RESULTS: Significant performance differences were found between 1st and 2nd grades, in both initial and final screenings, in the subtests dictation, words and sentences reading and sentence cloze were found. CONCLUSION: Second grade had better results than first grade. The results were more significant in subtests that required deeper understanding of the phoneme-grapheme association and vice-versa, suggesting that school literacy is necessary when social literacy is not present.

  1. Atribuições Dadas à Matemática e Ansiedade ante a Matemática: o relato de alguns estudantes do ensino fundamental / Attributions Given to Mathematics, and the Math Anxiety: The Report of Some Elementary School Students

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Alessandra Campanini, Mendes; João dos Santos, Carmo.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo objetivou identificar, em relato de alunos, atribuições dadas à Matemática, bem como graus de ansiedade ante a Matemática. No Estudo 1 foi aplicada a técnica brainstorming que consistiu em escrever, em uma folha de papel, tudo o que ocorre diante da palavra matemática. Participaram [...] 57 estudantes do Ensino Fundamental, 28 do 2º ano e 29 do 6º ano. Os alunos do 6º ano atribuíram mais características negativas à Matemática do que os do 2º ano. No Estudo 2, aplicou-se uma escala de ansiedade à Matemática a quatro crianças do 6º ano, aleatoriamente selecionadas do estudo 1. Observou-se que as situações que os alunos indicaram alta ou extrema ansiedade foram aquelas em que poderiam falhar e sofrer alguma punição. São discutidos o aumento das atribuições negativas com o passar dos anos e a necessidade de metodologias que previnam a aversão à Matemática. Abstract in english This study aimed to identify attributions to mathematics and degrees of anxiety related to mathematics. Study 1 applied the brainstorming technique, which consisted in writing, on a sheet of paper, everything that occurs before the word "Mathematics". Fifty seven elementary school students participa [...] ted, 28 of 2nd grade and 29 of 6th grade. Sixth grade students attributed more negative characteristics to mathematics than those of 2nd grade. Study 2 applied a math anxiety scale to four children in 6th grade, randomly selected from study 1. It was observed that situations in which students showed high or extreme anxiety were those in which they were exposed to conditions such as exams, schoolwork, and going to the blackboard. Data are discussed in terms of the increase in negative attributions over the years and the need for methodologies that prevent the aversion to mathematics.

  2. O estudo do tratamento da informação nos livros didáticos das séries iniciais do ensino fundamental / A study of the usage of information in text books from the beginning grades of elementary teaching

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria Patrícia Freitas de, Lemos.

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available O presente estudo investiga o tratamento da informação expresso em livros didáticos brasileiros apresentados em três coleções analisadas pelo PNLD (2000 e 2004) que foram recomendadas com distinção das séries iniciais do ensino fundamental. As atividades foram analisadas a partir dos tipos de gráfic [...] os e conteúdos matemáticos abordados nas tarefas analisadas. Considerando o importante papel que os livros didáticos assumem na educação brasileira esse estudo aponta-nos que o trabalho com tratamento da informação, realizado pelos livros didáticos, encontra-se distante de possibilitar aos alunos a construção de procedimentos para coletar, organizar, comunicar e interpretar dados. O tratamento da informação, na maioria das coleções analisadas, não é explorado no decorrer de todos os livros didáticos, aparecendo apenas no capítulo de estatística e probabilidade. Abstract in english The present research deals with the use of information expressed in Brazilian text books in three collections analized by PNLD ( National Plan of Didatic Book ) ( 2000 and 2004 ) which were recommended with distinction for the beginning grades of elementary teaching. The activities were analyzed for [...] the type of graphics and maths contents. Considering the important role that text books play on Brazilian education, this study shows us that the work with the use of information within text books is not giving students the constructive procedures needed to collect, organize, communicate and interpret information. There is little use of information in the majority of the analyzed collections, appearing only in the statistics and probability chapters.

  3. Health, Grade 3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bui Van Bao; And Others

    This is the third in a series of health primers for elementary education in Vietnam. It is written for Vietnamese children at the third grade level. The fifty-three lessons are integrated into one story. Each lesson is illustrated and briefly summarized. The eight chapters are: (1) Hygiene, at home, in school and in public places; (2) Food and…

  4. Reading comprehension on the last grades of cicles I and II of elementary school / Compreensão leitora nos últimos anos dos ciclos I e II do Ensino Fundamental

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Eliane Mi, Chang; Clara Regina Brandão de, Avila.

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Caracterizar o desempenho de escolares do Ciclo I e II do Ensino Fundamental (EF), em decodificação, compreensão leitora e habilidades subjacentes à leitura, e investigar correlações entre essas variáveis, na ausência e na presença de prejuízos da compreensão leitora, identificados pelos [...] professores. MÉTODOS: Participaram 125 escolares do EF, agrupados segundo o Ciclo e a presença ou ausência de indicativos de prejuízos de compreensão leitora. Estabeleceram-se dois Grupos Controle (bons compreendedores de ambos os Ciclos) e dois Grupos Pesquisa (pobres compreendedores de ambos os Ciclos). Avaliaram-se: fluência e compreensão leitora; compreensão oral; memória fonológica de curto prazo e operacional; closura gramatical. Comparou-se (Teste de Mann-Whitney): em estudo intragrupo, os dois Grupos Controle e os dois Grupos Pesquisa; em estudo intergrupo, Controle e Pesquisa dos diferentes ciclos e Controle I e Pesquisa II. O coeficiente de Spearman investigou correlações entre as variáveis. RESULTADOS: Quanto à compreensão leitora, observou-se: melhor desempenho dos Controle em todas as tarefas, comparados aos respectivos Pesquisa; melhor desempenho do Controle II comparado ao Controle I. Os Pesquisa foram semelhantes na maioria das provas. Observaram-se correlações positivas entre a maioria das variáveis estudadas. CONCLUSÃO: Os Controle mostraram melhor desempenho em leitura, nos dois ciclos. Memória de trabalho e compreensão oral não diferenciaram escolares no Ciclo I, ao contrário do observado no Ciclo II. O Pesquisa II foi semelhante ou melhor que o Pesquisa I e semelhante ou pior que o Controle I. Habilidades subjacentes mostraram diferentes perfis de correlação com a capacidade de compreensão leitora, segundo o grupo. Abstract in english PURPOSE: To characterize students' performance in Cycle I and II of the Elementary School (EF), in decoding, reading comprehension and underlying skills of reading, and investigate correlations between these variables, in the absence and presence of reading comprehension deficits, identified by th [...] eir teachers. METHODS: 125 students from ES were grouped according to Cycle and presence or absence of reading comprehension impairments. Two Control (good readers from both Cycles) and two Research groups (poor readers from both Cycles) were established. Assessment involved: fluency and reading comprehension; oral comprehension; working and short-term phonological memory; grammar closure. It was compared (Mann-Whitney test): in intragroup study, both Control and Research groups; in intergroup study, Control and Research from different cycles, and Control I and Research II. Spearman coefficient investigated correlations. RESULTS: Analyzing reading comprehension, we observed better performance of Control Groups in all tasks in comparison to the respective Research Groups, and better performance of Control II in comparison to Control I. Research Groups had similar results in most tests. Positive correlations have been observed between most of the variables. CONCLUSION: Students without reading comprehension impairments showed better performance in reading in both Cycles. Working memory and oral comprehension did not differentiate students with and without complaints in Cycle I, differently from what was observed in Cycle II. Research II presented similar or better performance than Research I and similar or worse performance than Control I. Underlying skills showed different profiles of correlation with reading comprehension capacity, according to the group.

  5. Estudo exploratório sobre aleitamento materno entre escolares de quinta série do Ensino Fundamental / Exploratory survey of fifth-grade elementary students in relation to breastfeeding

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Silvania M., Bottaro; Elsa R. J., Giugliani.

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available O estudo avaliou conhecimentos, percepções, crenças e vivências em relação ao aleitamento materno em 564 escolares, de ambos os sexos, da quinta série do Ensino Fundamental. O questionário usado continha 25 questões objetivas. Aplicou-se o teste de qui-quadrado e teste t, considerando a amostragem p [...] or conglomerado. Os escolares consideraram o leite materno o melhor alimento para o bebê, mas 60% optariam pela amamentação exclusiva de seus filhos. Menos de 20% responderam que a criança pode mamar até dois anos ou mais, aproximadamente ¼ acredita que o bebê deve começar a receber outros alimentos aos seis meses, e mais de 80% acredita que o consumo de chás e água é necessário. Detectaram-se as seguintes crenças: existência de leite fraco, chá é bom para cólicas, a amamentação deixa o peito caído, tamanho da mama influencia no volume de leite e a lactação deve ser interrompida com o aparecimento dos dentes. Destacaram também a participação do pai na amamentação, porém 70% relataram que ele pode ajudar dando mamadeira. Evidencia-se a necessidade de ações que promovam uma postura mais favorável à amamentação no Ensino Fundamental. Abstract in english The present study assessed the knowledge, perceptions, beliefs, and experiences related to breastfeeding as expressed by 564 fifth-grade students (both boys and girls). A questionnaire was used, containing 25 objective questions. The t test and chi-squared test were used, based on cluster sampling. [...] The students consistently viewed maternal breast milk as the best food for infants, although only 60% would choose exclusive breastfeeding for their own children. Fewer than 20% replied that children could be breastfed until two years of age. Approximately one-fourth believed that infants should begin receiving other foods at 6 months of age, and 80% also believed in the need for tea and water. Other beliefs included: that breast milk is weak or thin; that tea is good for infant colic; that breastfeeding makes the breasts flaccid; that breast size influences the amount of milk; and that breastfeeding should be interrupted as soon as the infant's first teeth appear. They highlighted the importance of the father participating in the breastfeeding process, but 70% said that the father could help by giving the baby a bottle. There is also an evident need for primary schools to promote measures for a more favorable position towards breastfeeding.

  6. A quantitative examination of school configurations in Tennessee using sixth grade math, reading, science, and social studies standardized test scores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramsey, Whitney J.

    The purpose of this study was to determine if there were differences in standardized test scores, expressed as percentage passing, in math, reading-language arts, science, and social studies by comparing 6th grade students in K--8 schools with those in 6--8 schools. The data were gathered from an analysis of 6th grade students' scores on the 2006--2007 TCAP standardized assessment test in the state of Tennessee. The relationship between grade configuration (6--8 or K--8) and percent of 6th grade students scoring at the below proficient, proficient, or advanced level in each subject area was examined. The analysis was based on 5 research questions. A t-test for independent samples was used to identify the relationships between the independent variables, configuration of the school (K--8 or 6--8), and the dependent variables, the percent of students scoring below proficient, proficient, or advanced. A chi square analysis was used to identify the relationship between the proportion of K--8 schools meeting AYP versus the proportion of 6--8 schools meeting AYP. The study showed no relationship between grade configuration (6--8 or K--8) and percent of 6th grade students scoring at the below proficient level in math, reading-language arts, and social studies. Similarly, there was not a significant difference between grade configuration (6--8 or K--8) and percent of 6th grade students scoring at the proficient level in math and reading-language arts and the advanced level in math, reading-language arts, and science. However, there was a significant relationship between grade configuration (6--8 or K--8) and percent of 6th grade students scoring at the below proficient level and the proficient level in science and the percent of 6th grade students scoring at the proficient level and advanced level in social studies. In science, a lower percentage of 6th grade students in K--8 schools scored below proficient than did 6th grade students in 6--8 schools. In science, a higher percentage of 6th grade students in K--8 schools scored proficient than did 6th grade students in 6--8 schools. In social studies, a higher percentage of 6th grade students in K--8 schools scored proficient than did 6th grade students in 6--8 schools. However, a higher percentage of 6th grade students in 6--8 schools scored advanced than did 6th grade students in 6--8 schools. The study showed a significant difference in the proportion of K--8 schools meeting AYP versus the proportion of 6--8 schools meeting AYP.

  7. 6th Annual European Antibody Congress 2010: November 29–December 1, 2010, Geneva, Switzerland

    OpenAIRE

    Beck, Alain; Wurch, Thierry

    2011-01-01

    The 6th European Antibody Congress (EAC), organized by Terrapinn Ltd., was held in Geneva, Switzerland, which was also the location of the 4th and 5th EAC.1,2 As was the case in 2008 and 2009, the EAC was again the largest antibody congress held in Europe, drawing nearly 250 delegates in 2010. Numerous pharmaceutical and biopharmaceutical companies active in the field of therapeutic antibody development were represented, as were start-up and academic organizations and representatives from the...

  8. 6th Nordic symposium on trace elements in human health and disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 6th Nordic Symposium on trace elements in human health was convened in Roskilde (Denmark) on June 29 - July 3, 1997. In 140 contributions in form of lectures and posters the authors from 16 countries presented research results for the role of cadmium, lead, aluminium, copper, selenium, zinc, chromium, arsenic, mercury and other microelements in human metabolism, carcinogenesis and nutrition problems. Radionuclide tracer techniques, stable isotope analytical methods as well as multi-element activation analysis of of biological tissues were discussed. Air and water pollution, impacts of industrial environment upon human health and methods of elimination of toxic metals from human organism were presented. (EG)

  9. Construction and analysis of a 1/6th-scale concrete containment model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discusses the features and preliminary analysis of a 1/6th-scale reinforced concrete containment model, which is being constructed at Sandia National Laboratories (SNL) in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The model LWR containment building was designed and is being built to the ASME code by United Engineers and Constructors Inc. The containment model will be tested to failure to determine its behavior to static overpressurization. The results from testing the heavily instrumented containment will be used to assess the capability of analytical methods

  10. Papers presented at the 6th H-mode workshop (Seeon, Germany)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 6th H-mode workshop was held at Kloster Seeon (Germany) during the period of September 22-24, 1997. Contribution to this workshop is reported. Reports include. 1. Role of Nonuniform Superthermal Ions for Internal Transport Barriers. 2. Electric Field Bifurcation and Transition in the Core Plasma of CHS. 3. Formation and Termination of High Ion Temperature Mode in Heliotron/torsatron Plasmas. 4. Transition to an Enhanced Internal Transport Barrier. 5. Physics of Collapses - Probabilistic Occurrence of ELMs and Crashes -. (J.P.N.)

  11. 6th European Conference of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Vasic, Darko

    2015-01-01

    This volume presents the Proceedings of the 6th European Conference of the International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering (MBEC2014), held in Dubrovnik September 7 – 11, 2014. The general theme of MBEC 2014 is "Towards new horizons in biomedical engineering" The scientific discussions in these conference proceedings include the following themes: - Biomedical Signal Processing - Biomedical Imaging and Image Processing - Biosensors and Bioinstrumentation - Bio-Micro/Nano Technologies - Biomaterials - Biomechanics, Robotics and Minimally Invasive Surgery - Cardiovascular, Respiratory and Endocrine Systems Engineering - Neural and Rehabilitation Engineering - Molecular, Cellular and Tissue Engineering - Bioinformatics and Computational Biology - Clinical Engineering and Health Technology Assessment - Health Informatics, E-Health and Telemedicine - Biomedical Engineering Education

  12. Highlights of the 6th world congress of nuclear medicine and biology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ell, P.J. [Inst. of Nuclear Medicine, University Coll. London Medical School, London (United Kingdom)

    1995-02-01

    The article summarizes the most interesting medical aspects of the 6th World Congress of Nuclear Medicine and Biology, addressing recent developments in the fields of scintiscanning, SPET and PET, oncology, neurology, psychiatry, in the diagnostic evaluation of the cardiovascular system, and new radiopharmaceuticals. (VHE) [Deutsch] Der Artikel gibt einen Ueberblick ueber medizinische Aspekte des 6. Weltkongresses der Nuklearmedizin und -biologie. Aktuelle Entwicklungen bei Szintigraphie, SPET und PET in Onkologie, Neurologie, Psychiatrie, Herz und Kreislauf sowie weitere neue Entwicklungen bei Radiopharmazeutika werden referiert. (VHE)

  13. Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Noise as a Public Health Problem, volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-07-01

    This volume is the first in a series of three reporting the proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Noise as a Public Health Problem which was held in Nice, France from the 5th to the 9th of July 1993. Volume 1 includes abstracts of the four main conferences and of 51 invited papers on the various effects of noise on people. It also includes the reflections of the European Community Commission (DG XI) and the World Health Organization concerning noise, together with 10 abstracts on the special workshop papers concerning control of damage to the ear and on sleep.

  14. IAEA International Database on Irradiated Nuclear Graphite Properties. 6th meeting of the Technical Steering Committee

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report summarizes the Consultant Meeting 6th Meeting of the Technical Steering Committee for the International Database on Irradiated Nuclear Graphite Properties' held on 16-17 September 2004 at Plas Tan-Y-Bwlch, Maentwrog, Gwynedd, UK. The purposes of the meeting were to review the matters and actions identified in the previous meeting, undertake a review of the current status of the database and to make recommendations for actions for the next year. The purposes of the meeting were fully met. This report contains the current status of the identified actions as well as a summary of the recommendations on enhancements to the database. (author)

  15. Social support, physical activity and sedentary behavior among 6th-grade girls: a cross-sectional study

    OpenAIRE

    Hoelscher Deanna M; Kelder Steven H; Springer Andrew E

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background Despite the importance of social support in promoting physical activity, little is known about the relative influence of the type or source of social support on adolescent girls' physical activity and sedentary behaviors. This study examined the associations of two types of social support (social participation in and social encouragement for physical activity) and two social support sources (family and friends) with self-reported daily minutes of physical activity and sede...

  16. A Randomized Controlled Trial on the Effects of Yoga on Stress Reactivity in 6th Grade Students

    OpenAIRE

    Marshall Hagins; Sara C. Haden; Daly, Leslie A.

    2013-01-01

    There is an increasing interest in developing school programs that improve the ability of children to cope with psychosocial stress. Yoga may be an appropriate intervention as it has demonstrated improvements in the ability of children to manage psychosocial stress. Yoga is thought to improve the control of reactivity to stress via the regulation of the autonomic nervous system. The current study examined the effects of yoga compared to a physical education class on physiological response (bl...

  17. Avaliação das habilidades preditoras do sucesso de leitura em crianças de 1º e 2º anos do ensino fundamental / Assessment of skills that predict reading success in 1st- and 2nd-grade children of elementary school

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Carla Cabezas, Nicolau; Ana Luiza Gomes Pinto, Navas.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: estudar o desempenho de escolares de 1º e 2º anos do Ensino Fundamental (EF), em tarefas que avaliam habilidades e competências consideradas preditoras do sucesso do aprendizado da leitura e escrita. MÉTODOS: 73 crianças, entre seis e oito anos de idade, estudantes do 1º e 2º anos do EF d [...] e escola da rede pública de ensino da cidade de São Paulo, foram avaliadas por meio da aplicação do Instrumento de Avaliação da Leitura Inicial, composto por 20 tarefas envolvendo as habilidades e competências de linguagem oral, conhecimento sobre escrita, processamento fonológico, compreensão e leitura e escrita. RESULTADO: foi possível constatar que alguns escolares, tanto de 1º como de 2º ano, obtiveram desempenho inferior à média de seus grupos nas habilidades consideradas preditoras para o sucesso da leitura. Esse desempenho foi identificado a partir da porcentagem total de acertos obtida no Instrumento e a consequente classificação dos escolares em intervalos de percentis. Os grupos escolares diferenciaram-se apenas nas tarefas relacionadas às habilidades do processamento fonológico e nas competências de leitura e escrita, com melhor desempenho para os escolares do 2º ano, nas seguintes provas: (a) leitura de palavras; (b) leitura de pseudopalavras; (c) ditado de palavras; (d) ditado de pseudopalavras; (e) produção de rimas; (f) compreensão de leitura. CONCLUSÃO: a escolarização influenciou o desempenho em habilidades de processamento fonológico e competências de leitura e escrita. Habilidades de processamento fonológico e de conhecimento de escrita mostraram-se correlacionadas ao desempenho em codificação e decodificação, envolvidas na escrita e leitura de itens isolados. Abstract in english PURPOSES: to study the performance of 1st- and 2nd-grade students of elementary school on tasks that assess abilities and skills considered as predictors of reading success. METHODS: we analyzed early reading skills in 73 children aged between six and eight years, from a public school in São Paulo. [...] The instrument used for assessing the children's early reading skills comprised of 20 subtests involving the following skills: "Oral language"; "Phonological processing"; "Comprehension"; "Reading and writing"; and "Print awareness". Data were collected and analyzed by school year (1st and 2nd grades) in order to identify differences in development at the early stages of Reading acquisition. RESULTS: it was found that the performance of some 1st- and 2nd-graders was less than average when compared to the remainder of their group on the skills considered as predictors of literacy. This low performance was identified from the percentage of total correct responses in the assessment Instrument and the classification into percentiles. There were no differences between the two grades in terms of "Oral Language" and "Print awareness". What differentiated one group from the other was their outcome at "Reading and writing" and "Phonological processing" tasks, with 2nd-grade students performing better on the following tasks: (a) word reading; (b) pseudoword reading; (c) word spelling; (d) pseudoword spelling; (e) rhyme production; and (f) reading comprehension. CONCLUSION: schooling influenced the performance on phonological processing abilities, and on reading and writing skills. Phonological processing abilities and print awareness correlated with the decoding involved in the writing and reading of isolated items.

  18. An Alternative to the Traditional Grading System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galvez, Ferdinand V.

    The purpose of this practicum was to change the grading policy in the San Juan Unified School District (California) through a two-state process. The first stage was to change the traditional ABCDF grading system to a three-scale grading system in one high school, one intermediate school, and six elementary schools serving the same attendance area.…

  19. Irradiation experiments of the 6th-12th OGL-1 fuel assemblies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Oarai Gas Loop-1, OGL-1, is an in-pile helium gas loop, installed in the Japan Materials Testing Reactor (JMTR), for irradiation of high-temperature gas-cooled reactor fuels at high pressure and temperature. The present report describes results of fabrication, irradiation and post-irradiation examinations (PIE) of the 6th-12th OGL-1 fuel assemblies. The 6th-8th assemblies used coated fuel particles produced by a small-scale fluidized bed. On the other hand, the 9th-12th assemblies used trial manufacturing fuels, produced with a large-scale fluidized bed for mass production of the fuel for the High Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR) being constructed. For the 9th assembly loaded with the first mass-product fuel, the fission gas release, R/B of 88Kr, was relatively high, 1.5x10-5, and various defects were observed in the ceramography of the irradiated coating layers. Afterwards, a decrease was achieved in the through-coating failure fractions at the fabrication. Correspondingly, the R/B of 88Kr for the 12th assembly was reduced to an excellent value of 2x10-6. Thus, the production technology and the irradiation performance of the HTTR design fuels were successfully demonstrated. (author)

  20. Mathematics Teachers’ Opinions about New Sub Learning Domains in Elementary Mathematics (6-8 Curriculum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kür?at YEN?LMEZ

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: There are mathematical behaviors in all levels from the preschool education to higher education programs. These behaviors are in mathematics curriculum as objectives. Elementary Mathematics (6-8th grades curriculum was developed in 2005 at last and applied gradually from the 6th grade in 2006-2007 academic year. Thematic approach was considered in regulating context in new mathematics curriculum and determined learning domains and sub learning domains. Some subjects were taken out and some new subjects were added in developing program studies. Patterns and relations in integers, translation, tessellations, structural drawings, transformation geometry, fractals, geometric movements, histogram, kinds of probability, standard deviation, combination, perspective drawings, intersections of objects, polyhedral objects, symmetries of geometric objects are some new subjects in mathematics (6-8th grades curriculum. Patterns and relations in integers and special number patterns are in Patterns and Relations in Algebra learning domain, translation, reflection, rotation, geometric movements and symmetries of geometric objects, tessellations and fractal, structural drawings, intersections of objects and polyhedral objects are in Geometry learning domain, histogram, kinds of probability, standard deviation, combination are in Probability and Statistics learning domain. The purpose of this study was to determine mathematics teachers’ opinions and qualifications about new sub learning domains in elementary mathematics (6-8th grades curriculum. The descriptive survey method was used in the study. The work group of the study consists of 27 mathematics teachers from primary schools in Tekirda?. Data were collected by a questionnaire which has been developed by the researchers. The questionnaire has 9 open-ended and 17 close-ended questions. Open-ended questions were used to determine mathematics teachers’ views about new sub learning domains were suitable or not for these grades. Close-ended questions were used to determine mathematics teachers’ views about their qualifications about new sub learning domains. Given that the mathematics teachers were asked to explain whether they were qualified about new sub learning domains or not, four choices were offered to the teachers: “Completely qualified”, “Qualified”, “Partially qualified” and “None qualified”. Frequencies and percentages were used to analyze data. Results: This study has shown that mathematics teachers have generally positive opinions about new sub learning domains in elementary mathematics (6-8th grades curriculum. But some teachers thought standard deviation in Measures of Central Tendency sub learning domain and perspective drawings in Projection sub learning domain were difficult for these grades. According to the results of the study, mathematics teachers thought that they were qualified for these new sub learning domains, generally. But some teachers thought they were partially qualified or none qualified for structural drawings, polyhedral objects, perspective drawings, standard deviation, special number patterns, fractal etc. Discussion: The results of this study indicate that new sub learning domains in elementary mathematics curriculum are generally appropriate for students according to mathematics teachers. However, there are some topics which few teachers have negative opinions by indicating reasons why they have these opinions, while majority of teachers have positive opinions about. For example; the difference between histogram and bar graph has not yet understood by some mathematics teachers. Another example is that the topics of patterns and tessellations sub learning domain are found unnecessary by some mathematics teachers. Generally, it is has seen that teachers who have more than twenty-year experience have negative opinions about new curriculum. As a reason for this, it can be claimed that these teachers have difficulty to adapt to a new understanding of the system because of training for many years accordin

  1. Elementary School Students' Perceptions of the Future Environment through Artwork

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özsoy, Sibel; Ahi, Berat

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the present study is to investigate first level of elementary school students' perceptions of the future state of the environment through the pictures they draw. The participants of the study are 131 first-grade students, 127 second-grade students, 160 third-grade students, 188 fourth-grade students, and 222 fifth-grade

  2. A Study on Overcoming Misconceptions of 6th Graders About Equations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gözde AKYÜZ

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to determine and overcome misconceptions of 6th graders about first degree equations with one unknown. The study has a mixed research design and was conducted with 25 sixth graders in a public school during the spring semester of the 2011-2012 academic year. Data were collected through a test of 20 open-ended items developed by the researcher. The misconceptions were detected through descriptive analysis of the test. Then, students were being taught based on activity-based instructional methods for eight hours. The test was also given at the end of the instruction as a post-test to examine the effectiveness of the activity-based instruction with overcoming their misconceptions. Data were analyzed by paired samples t test through SPSS 16.0. Findings indicated that activity-based instruction was effective in overcoming students’ misconceptions.

  3. Dictionary of minor planet names addendum to 6th edition 2012-2014

    CERN Document Server

    Schmadel, Lutz D

    2015-01-01

    The quantity of numbered minor planets is now approaching half a million. Together with this Addendum, the sixth edition of the Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, which is the IAU's official reference for the field, now covers more than 19,000 named minor planets. In addition to being of practical value for identification purposes, the Dictionary of Minor Planet Names provides authoritative information about the basis for the rich and colorful variety of ingenious names, from heavenly goddesses to artists, from scientists to Nobel laureates, from historical or political figures to ordinary women and men, from mountains to buildings, as well as a variety of compound terms and curiosities. This Addendum to the 6th edition of the Dictionary of Minor Planet Names adds approximately 2200 entries. It also contains many corrections, revisions and updates to the entries published in earlier editions. This work is an abundant source of information for anyone interested in minor planets and who enjoys reading about the ...

  4. 6th International Conference on Practical Applications of Computational Biology & Bioinformatics

    CERN Document Server

    Luscombe, Nicholas; Fdez-Riverola, Florentino; Rodríguez, Juan; Practical Applications of Computational Biology & Bioinformatics

    2012-01-01

    The growth in the Bioinformatics and Computational Biology fields over the last few years has been remarkable.. The analysis of the datasets of Next Generation Sequencing needs new algorithms and approaches from fields such as Databases, Statistics, Data Mining, Machine Learning, Optimization, Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence. Also Systems Biology has also been emerging as an alternative to the reductionist view that dominated biological research in the last decades. This book presents the results of the  6th International Conference on Practical Applications of Computational Biology & Bioinformatics held at University of Salamanca, Spain, 28-30th March, 2012 which brought together interdisciplinary scientists that have a strong background in the biological and computational sciences.

  5. Fabrication of DUPIC Fuel for the 6th Irradiation Test at HANARO Research Reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Woong Ki; Lee, D. Y.; Cho, K. H.; Kim, S. S.; Lee, J. W.; Lee, Jae W.; Park, G. I.; Lee, C. Y.; Yang, M. S

    2006-02-15

    In this study, 15 DUPIC pellets and two mini-elements were fabricated to precisely investigate the thermal characteristics of DUPIC fuel. As a result of the experiment, DUPIC pellets with 10.221{approx}10.278 g/cm{sup 3} (94.5{approx}95.0 % of T.D.) of sintered density and less than Ra 0.96 {mu}m of surface roughness satisfying the specifications of DUPIC fuel for the 6th irradiation test have been remotely fabricated at hot cell. 5 DUPIC pellets including 3 pellets equipped with thermal sensor in the center of the pellet were loaded in a mini-element. Endcap welding of the mini-element was performed by Nd:YAG laser. The DUPIC mini-elements assembled in an instrumented rig will be irradiated at HANARO research reactor.

  6. An Observational Study in Elementary Mathematics Classrooms

    OpenAIRE

    Duatepe Paksu, Asuman; Pamukkale Üniversitesi, E?itim Fakültesi, ?lkö?retim Bölümü; Akku?, Oylum; Hacettepe Üniversitesi, E?itim Fakültesi

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate elementary mathematics classrooms in terms of mathematics content, teaching method, and the duration of mathematics lesson. Data for this research study comprised of 241 elementary mathematics lessons taught by 15 teachers working in different schools in Ankara. The results suggested, (a) in these lessons the topic was worthwhile to teach, the level of teaching was appropriate to the grade level, the topic was presented correctly but the connection ...

  7. As práticas pedagógicas e o material didático do Programa Ler e Escrever no 1º ano do ensino fundamental / Pedagogical practices and didactic material of the "Read and Write Program" in the first grade of elementary school

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Tatiana Cristina, Santos; Elvira Cristina Martins, Tassoni.

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Apresenta resultados de pesquisa que objetivou investigar como a proposta do material didático do Programa Ler e Escrever (PLE) foi vivenciada pelos alunos e pela professora de uma sala de 1º ano do ensino fundamental (EF), em uma escola estadual de Campinas, no Estado de São Paulo. O PLE é um progr [...] ama estadual que compreende um conjunto de ações visando à melhoria da qualidade da alfabetização nos anos iniciais do EF. Uma de suas principais ações consiste na elaboração e distribuição de material didático. Os procedimentos de coleta de dados incluíram: observações em sala de aula, entrevista com a professora e entrevistas com os alunos. Alguns recursos auxiliares, como microfone, câmera fotográfica e uma boneca-personagem, foram utilizados durante as entrevistas com as crianças. Os resultados apontaram o grande desejo dos alunos em saber ler e escrever, pois isso lhes concede maior autonomia e acesso a informações importantes haja vista que a leitura e a escrita estão diretamente relacionadas ao conhecimento. Os alunos demonstraram anseio por compreender o funcionamento e a finalidade da escrita. O apoio do material didático pode contribuir, satisfatoriamente, para a aquisição da linguagem escrita, mas a mediação e o uso que se faz deste são fundamentais. Os gêneros explorados no material didático, tanto para a leitura como para a escrita, bem como os temas e o volume de material escrito disponibilizado, devem ser objeto de reflexão Abstract in english This article presents results of research that aimed to investigate how the proposal of didactic material of the "Read and Write Program" (Programa Ler e Escrever - PLE) was experienced by first grade elementary students and by their teacher, in a public school of Campinas, in the State of São Paulo [...] . The PLE is a program of the State of São Paulo, comprising a set of actions aimed at improving the quality of literacy in the early years of elementary school. One of its main actions is the development and distribution of educational materials. Data collection procedures included: classroom observations, interviews with the teacher and with the students. Some supplementary features, such as a microphone, a camera and a doll-character were used during the interviews with the children. The results showed the great desire of students in learning how to read and write, because it gives them more autonomy and access to important information, since reading and writing are directly related to knowledge. Students demonstrated desire for understanding the functioning and purpose of writing. The support of the educational material can satisfactorily contribute to the acquisition of written language, but the mediation and the use that is made of this material are essential. In relation to the teaching materials, the genres that are exploited both for reading and writing, as well as the topics and the volume of written material made available should be object of reflection

  8. ELEMENTARY 8 TH GRADE STUDENT’S LEVEL OF ABILITY TO APPLY SPELLING RULES AND PUNCTUATION MARKS ?LKÖ?RET?M 8. SINIF Ö?RENC?LER?N?N NOKTALAMA ??ARETLER? ?LE YAZIM KURALLARINI UYGULAYAB?LME DÜZEY?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan BA?CI

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In a written text, in order to clarify the narration and reinforce the comprehensibility for readers to understand it accurately and properly, it is required to pay attention while applying spelling rules and using punctuation marks appropriately in their proper places. Regardless of their levels, when students’ written texts are analyzed, it is found that erroneous sentences mostly focus on punctuation and spelling rules. Due to the fact that these errors cannot be corrected, problems related to insufficient use of mother tongue are encountered. Because of this reason, the aim of the present study is to determine students’ level of ability to apply spelling rules and punctuation marks at elementary schools’ 8 th grade, which is the last phase of obligatory education. In this study, two written texts which were chosen from Turkish Language course books of secondary education were used to collect data. In the ligth of the findings, the students’ achievement levels of ability to apply spelling rules and use punctuation Marks in an appropriate way were determined. Yaz?l? bir metinde anlat?m? belirginle?tirmek, yaz?n?n tam ve do?ru bir ?ekilde anla??lmas?n? kuvvetlendirmek için noktalama i?aretlerinin yerli yerinde kullan?lmas?na ve yaz?m kurallar?na uyulmas?na dikkat edilmesi gerekir. Hangi seviyede olursa olsun ö?rencilerin yaz?l? anlat?m metinleri incelendi?inde hatal? cümlelerin daha çok noktalama ve yaz?m kurallar? üzerine yo?unla?t??? görülmektedir. Bu hatalar?n giderilememesinden kaynaklanan ana dili kullanma yetersizli?i sorunuyla kar??la??lmaktad?r. Bu yüzden ara?t?rman?n amac? zorunlu e?itimin son a?amas? olan ilkö?retim 8. s?n?f ö?rencilerinin noktalama i?aretleri ile yaz?m kurallar?n? do?ru uygulayabilme düzeylerini tespit etmektir. Bu ara?t?rma betimsel nitelikte bir alan ara?t?rmas?d?r. Ara?t?rmada veri toplamak amac?yla ilkö?retim ikinci kademe Türkçe ders kitaplar?ndan se¬çilen iki metin kullan?lm??t?r. Elde edilen bulgular sonunda ö?rencilerin noktalama i?aretlerini do?ru kullanabilme ile yaz?m kurallar?n? do?ru uygulayabilme ba?ar?s? düzeyleri belirlenmi?tir.

  9. Elementary analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Snell, K S; Langford, W J; Maxwell, E A

    1966-01-01

    Elementary Analysis, Volume 2 introduces several of the ideas of modern mathematics in a casual manner and provides the practical experience in algebraic and analytic operations that lays a sound foundation of basic skills. This book focuses on the nature of number, algebraic and logical structure, groups, rings, fields, vector spaces, matrices, sequences, limits, functions and inverse functions, complex numbers, and probability. The logical structure of analysis given through the treatment of differentiation and integration, with applications to the trigonometric and logarithmic functions, is

  10. Elementary vectors

    CERN Document Server

    Wolstenholme, E Œ

    1978-01-01

    Elementary Vectors, Third Edition serves as an introductory course in vector analysis and is intended to present the theoretical and application aspects of vectors. The book covers topics that rigorously explain and provide definitions, principles, equations, and methods in vector analysis. Applications of vector methods to simple kinematical and dynamical problems; central forces and orbits; and solutions to geometrical problems are discussed as well. This edition of the text also provides an appendix, intended for students, which the author hopes to bridge the gap between theory and applicat

  11. The Inherent Impact of Nonpromoted Students on Reading Scores in a Big City Elementary School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Jane; Levine, Daniel U.

    1988-01-01

    Examines the extent to which retaining low achieving students affects the average reading scores of the grade in which they are retained and the next higher grade. Analyzes data from one elementary school in Kansas City (Missouri). (FMW)

  12. Representaciones visuales del cuerpo humano: análisis de los nuevos libros de primaria de ciencias naturales en la reforma educativa mexicana / Visual Representations of the Human Body: An Analysis of the New Elementary Science Textbooks in Mexico's Educational Reform

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Yolanda, Postigo; Asunción, López-Manjón.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo analizamos las concepciones sobre la naturaleza de las representaciones visuales sobre el cuerpo humano que dirigen su selección, diseño y tratamiento didáctico en los nuevos libros de primaria de ciencias naturales (3° a 6° grados) de la Reforma Integral de la Educación Básica en Mé [...] xico. Se describen dos tipos de concepciones: una intuitiva, que asume una simplicidad y facilidad en el uso de las imágenes junto con una naturaleza realista de las mismas, y una más compleja, de naturaleza constructivista, en la que se consideran las imágenes como un sistema externo de representación con las dificultades que demanda su uso. Los resultados muestran que la concepción que subyace a las imágenes sobre el cuerpo humano de 3° a 6° grados corresponde a una de tipo intuitivo con pocos cambios respecto de su tratamiento en los libros de texto anteriores a la Reforma. Abstract in english This study analyzes the natural conceptions of the visual representations of the human body that guide selection, design, and didactic treatment in the new elementary science textbooks (3rd grade to 6th grade) of Mexico's Integral Reform of Basic Education. Two types of conceptions are described: an [...] intuitive conception, which assumes simplicity and facility in the use of images, along with a realistic representation; and a more complex conception of a constructivist nature that considers images to be an external system of representation with the difficulties their use demands. The results show that the underlying conception of the images of the human body from the 3rd to the 6th grades corresponds to an intuitive type with few changes, with respect to textbooks prior to the Reform.

  13. FOREWORD: 6th International Conference on Pumps and Fans with Compressors and Wind Turbines (ICPF2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Yulin; Wang, Zhengwei; Yuan, Shouqi; Shi, Weidong; Liu, Shuhong; Luo, Xingqi; Wang, Fujun

    2013-12-01

    The 6th International Conference on Pumps and Fans with Compressors and Wind Turbines (ICPF 2013) was held in Beijing, China, 19-22 September 2013, which was jointly organized by Tsinghua University and Jiangsu University. The co-organizers were Zhejiang University, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, The State Key Laboratory of Hydroscience and Engineering, The State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy and Beijing International Science and Technology Cooperation Base for CO2 Utilization and Reduction. The sponsor of the conference was Concepts NREC. The First International Conference on Pumps and Systems (May 1992), the Second International Conference on Pumps and Fans (October 1995), the Third International Conference on Pumps and Fans (October 1998), and the Fourth International Conference on Pumps and Fans (26-29 August 2002) were all held in Beijing and were organized by the late famous Chinese professor on fluid machinery and engineering, Professor Zuyan Mei of Tsinghua University. The conference was interrupted by the death of Professor Mei in 2003. In order to commemorate Professor Mei, the organizing committee of ICPF decided to continue organizing the conference series. The Fifth Conference on Pumps and Systems (2010 ICPF) took place in Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, China, 18-21 October 2010, and it was jointly organized by Zhejiang University and Tsinghua University. With the development of renewable energy and new energy in China and in the world, some small types of compressor and some types of pump, as well as wind turbines are developing very fast; therefore the ICPF2013 conference included compressors and wind turbines. The theme of the conference was the application of renewable energy of pumps, compressors, fans and blowers. The content of the conference was the basic study, design and experimental study of compressors, fans, blowers and pumps; the CFD application on pumps and fans, their transient behavior, unsteady flows and multi-phase flow; other fluid machinery and devices, such as, wind turbines, turbochargers and reversible pump-turbines, clearance and sealing, jets, filters and mixers; and their engineering application and their system behavior, especially, the application of the renewable energy of pumps, compressors, fans and blowers. The objective of the conference was to provide an opportunity for researchers, engineers and students to report on the latest developments in the fields of pumps, compressors, fans and turbochargers, as well as systems. The participants were encouraged to present their work in progress with a short lead time, and the conference promoted discussion of the problems encountered. The ICPF2013 brought together 191 scientists and researchers from 14 countries, affiliated with universities, technology centers and industrial firms to debate topics related to advanced technologies for pumps and fans, which would enhance the sustainable development of fluid machinery and fluid engineering. The Scientific Committee selected 166 technical papers on the following topics: (i) Principles of Fluid Machinery, (ii) Pumps, (iii) Compressors, Fans and Turbochargers, (iv) Turbines, (v) Cavitation and Multiphase Flow, (vi) Systems and Other Fluid Machinery, and 10 invited plenary and invited session lectures, which were presented at the conference, to be included in the proceedings. All the papers of ICPF2013, which were published in this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the editors of the ICPF2013, those are Yulin Wu, Zhengwei Wang, Shouqi Yuan, Weidong Shi, Shuhong Liu, Xingqi Luo and Fujun Wang. We sincerely hope that the 6th International Conference on Pumps and Fans with Compressors and Wind Turbines is a significant step forward in the worldwide efforts to address the present challenges facing modern fluid machines. Professor Yulin Wu Chairman of the Local Organizing Committee 6th International Conference on Pumps and Fans with Compressors and Wind Turbines (ICPF2013) October 2013 Th

  14. 1/6TH SCALE STRIP EFFLUENT FEED TANK-MIXING RESULTS USING MCU SOLVENT

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this task was to determine if mixing was an issue for the entrainment and dispersion of the Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) Unit (MCU) solvent in the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) Strip Effluent Feed Tank (SEFT). The MCU strip effluent stream containing the Cs removed during salt processing will be transferred to the DWPF for immobilization in HLW glass. In lab-scale DWPF chemical process cell testing, mixing of the solvent in the dilute nitric acid solution proved problematic, and the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was requested to perform scaled SEFT mixing tests to evaluate whether the problem was symptomatic of the lab-scale set-up or of the solvent. The solvent levels tested were 228 and 235 ppm, which represented levels near the estimated DWPF solvent limit of 239 ppm in 0.001M HNO3 solution. The 239 ppm limit was calculated by Norato in X-CLC-S-00141. The general approach for the mixing investigation was to: (1) Investigate the use of fluorescent dyes to aid in observing the mixing behavior. Evaluate and compare the physical properties of the fluorescent dyed MCU solvents to the baseline Oak Ridge CSSX solvent. Based on the data, use the dyed MCU solvent that best approximates the physical properties. (2) Use approximately a 1/6th linear scale of the SEFT to replicate the internal configuration for DWPF mixing. (3) Determine agitator speed(s) for scaled testing based on the DWPF SEFT mixing speed. (4) Perform mixing tests using the 1/6th SEFT and determine any mixing issues (entrainment/dispersion, accumulation, adhesion) through visual observations and by pulling samples to assess uniformity. The mixing tests used MCU solvent fabricated at SRNL blended with Risk Reactor DFSB-K43 fluorescent dye. This dyed SRNL MCU solvent had equivalent physical properties important to mixing as compared to the Oak Ridge baseline solvent, blended easily with the MCU solvent, and provided an excellent visual aid

  15. 1/6TH SCALE STRIP EFFLUENT FEED TANK-MIXING RESULTS USING MCU SOLVENT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hansen, E

    2006-02-01

    The purpose of this task was to determine if mixing was an issue for the entrainment and dispersion of the Modular Caustic Side Solvent Extraction (CSSX) Unit (MCU) solvent in the Defense Waste Processing Facility (DWPF) Strip Effluent Feed Tank (SEFT). The MCU strip effluent stream containing the Cs removed during salt processing will be transferred to the DWPF for immobilization in HLW glass. In lab-scale DWPF chemical process cell testing, mixing of the solvent in the dilute nitric acid solution proved problematic, and the Savannah River National Laboratory (SRNL) was requested to perform scaled SEFT mixing tests to evaluate whether the problem was symptomatic of the lab-scale set-up or of the solvent. The solvent levels tested were 228 and 235 ppm, which represented levels near the estimated DWPF solvent limit of 239 ppm in 0.001M HNO{sub 3} solution. The 239 ppm limit was calculated by Norato in X-CLC-S-00141. The general approach for the mixing investigation was to: (1) Investigate the use of fluorescent dyes to aid in observing the mixing behavior. Evaluate and compare the physical properties of the fluorescent dyed MCU solvents to the baseline Oak Ridge CSSX solvent. Based on the data, use the dyed MCU solvent that best approximates the physical properties. (2) Use approximately a 1/6th linear scale of the SEFT to replicate the internal configuration for DWPF mixing. (3) Determine agitator speed(s) for scaled testing based on the DWPF SEFT mixing speed. (4) Perform mixing tests using the 1/6th SEFT and determine any mixing issues (entrainment/dispersion, accumulation, adhesion) through visual observations and by pulling samples to assess uniformity. The mixing tests used MCU solvent fabricated at SRNL blended with Risk Reactor DFSB-K43 fluorescent dye. This dyed SRNL MCU solvent had equivalent physical properties important to mixing as compared to the Oak Ridge baseline solvent, blended easily with the MCU solvent, and provided an excellent visual aid.

  16. PREFACE: The 6th International Symposium on Measurement Techniques for Multiphase Flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okamoto, Koji; Murai, Yuichi

    2009-02-01

    Research on multi-phase flows is very important for industrial applications, including power stations, vehicles, engines, food processing, and so on. Also, from the environmental viewpoint, multi-phase flows need to be investigated to overcome global warming. Multi-phase flows originally have non-linear features because they are multi-phased. The interaction between the phases plays a very interesting role in the flows. The non-linear interaction causes the multi-phase flows to be very difficult to understand phenomena. The International Symposium on Measurement Techniques for Multi-phase Flows (ISMTMF) is a unique symposium. The target of the symposium is to exchange the state-of-the-art knowledge on the measurement techniques for non-linear multi-phase flows. Measurement technique is the key technology to understanding non-linear phenomena. The ISMTMF began in 1995 in Nanjing, China. The symposium has continuously been held every two or three years. The ISMTMF-2008 was held in Okinawa, Japan as the 6th symposium of ISMTMF on 15-17 December 2008. Okinawa has a long history as the Ryukyus Kingdom. China and Japan have had cultural and economic exchanges through Okinawa for more than 1000 years. Please enjoy Okinawa and experience its history to enhance our international communication. The present symposium was attended by 124 participants, the program included 107 contributions with 5 plenary lectures, 2 keynote lectures, and 100 oral regular paper presentations. The topics include, besides the ordinary measurement techniques for multiphase flows, acoustic and electric sensors, bubbles and microbubbles, computed tomography, gas-liquid interface, laser-imaging and PIV, oil/coal/drop and spray, solid and powder, spectral and multi-physics. This volume includes the presented papers at ISMTMF-2008. In addition to this volume, ten selected papers will be published in a special issue of Measurement Science and Technology. We would like to express special thanks to all the participants and the contributors to the symposium, and also to the supporting organizations; The Japanese Society for Multiphase Flow, The Chinese Society for Measurement, National Natural Science Foundation of China, The Chinese Academy of Science, and University of the Ryukyus, Okinawa, Japan. Koji Okamoto Chair of 6th ISMTMF and proceedings editor The University of Tokyo, Japan Yuichi Murai Proceedings co-editor Hokkaido University, Japan

  17. PREFACE: 6th International Workshop on Multi-Rate Processes and Hysteresis (MURPHYS2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimian, Mihai; Rachinskii, Dmitrii

    2015-02-01

    The International Workshop on Multi-Rate Processes and Hysteresis (MURPHYS) conference series focuses on multiple scale systems, singular perturbation problems, phase transitions and hysteresis phenomena occurring in physical, biological, chemical, economical, engineering and information systems. The 6th edition was hosted by Stefan cel Mare University in the city of Suceava located in the beautiful multicultural land of Bukovina, Romania, from May 21 to 24, 2012. This continued the series of biennial multidisciplinary conferences organized in Cork, Ireland from 2002 to 2008 and in Pécs, Hungary in 2010. The MURPHYS 2012 Workshop brought together more than 50 researchers in hysteresis and multi-scale phenomena from the United State of America, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Ireland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Greece, Ukraine, and Romania. Participants shared and discussed new developments of analytical techniques and numerical methods along with a variety of their applications in various areas, including material sciences, electrical and electronics engineering, mechanical engineering and civil structures, biological and eco-systems, economics and finance. The Workshop was sponsored by the European Social Fund through Sectoral Operational Program Human Resources 2007-2013 (PRO-DOCT) and Stefan cel Mare University, Suceava. The Organizing Committee was co-chaired by Mihai Dimian from Stefan cel Mare University, Suceava (Romania), Amalia Ivanyi from the University of Pecs (Hungary), and Dmitrii Rachinskii from the University College Cork (Ireland). All papers published in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series have been peer reviewed through processes administered by the Editors. Reviews were conducted by expert referees to the professional and scientific standards expected of a proceedings journal published by IOP Publishing. The Guest Editors wish to place on record their sincere gratitude to Miss Sarah Toms for the assistance she provided during the publication process. More information about the Workshop can be found at http://www.murphys.usv.ro/ Mihai Dimian and Dmitrii Rachinskii Guest Editors for Journal of Physics: Conference Series Proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Multi-Rate Processes and Hysteresis

  18. DEVELOPMENT OF A VISUAL MATH LITERACY SELF EFFICACY PERCEPTION SCALE (VMLSEPS FOR ELEMENTARY STUDENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet BEKDEM?R

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available There are several descriptions of literacy including, “the ability to read written texts by using alphabet” (Reinking, 1994; “students’ awareness of quantitative, logical, and mathematical operations in addition to the activities related to read-write” (NRC, 1989; and “individual’s ability to find, evaluate, and use the necessary written resources with the aim of improving his knowledge as well as potential to participate to the society effectively” (Akyüz & Pala, 2010. With reference to these different descriptions it is seen that literacy can differ according to tools used and acquired knowledge; what is more, there will be the need to describe more different literacy descriptions in parallel with the developments in daily life, science, and technology (Sanalan, Sülün & Çoban, 2007. For example, there are different types of literacy such as computer literacy, art literacy, media literacy (Altun, 2003, visual literacy (Anderson, 2002, and math literacy (Ersoy, 2003. In fact in information societies it becomes a mandatory feature to define new literacy types like artistic math or visual math literacy, which were emerged through the intersection of these different types of literacy. On the other hand, it is of vital importance to remember that other literacy types like visual and math literacy are not alternatives of the general literacy, but parts or supportive elements of it (Chauvin, 2003; Reinking, McKenna, Labbo & Kieffer, 1998; Sims, O’Leary, Cook & Butland, 2002. In addition, Visual Literacy (VL, which is defined as the ability to read and evaluate information presented in the forms of table, picture, and graphic; and the skill to create new visual images (Debes, 1968; Heinich, Molenda, Russell & Smaldino, 1996; Hortin, 1980; Wileman, 1993; is in close relation with other types of literacy in terms of being a supporter or a part of them (Kellner, 1998. This relationship is even closer to Math Literacy (ML due to its opportunities for individuals such as supporting them to better understand abstract thoughts by presenting these thoughts in a living and familiar way and bringing the experience to process the same thought in different ways (Feinstein & Hagerty, 1994; ?pek, 2003. This close relationship reveals a new concept of literacy, “Visual Math Literacy (VML”. VML can be described as, “the proficiency to perceive, signify, interpret, evaluate, and use the problems encountered in daily life within visual or spatial frameworks; and, to perceive, signify, interpret, evaluate, and use visual or spatial information in mathematical terms”. In Turkey there is no scientific research about VML, which is described as mentioned above, conducted at the elementary school level; hence, this study is very important for being the first to cover VML and integrate types of literacy. The purpose of this study is to develop a valid, reliable, easy to apply and easy to evaluate scale that can measure the self-efficacy of elementary students concerning their visual math literacy. This is a general survey study in which it is aimed to develop a scale. Participants of study are composed of 151 6th grade, 142 7th grade, and 135 8th grade students. Totally 428 students (220 girls and 208 boys were selected randomly from two elementary schools in the Eastern Anatolian region of Turkey, and one elementary school from the Black Sea region. For the VMLSEPS first of all, 15 open ended questions were formed with reference to expert opinions, and these questions were asked to 6th, 7th, and 8th grade students (103 students in total from two elementary schools in a large city in Eastern Anatolian region for the first semester of 2009-2010 academic year. Researchers created an item pool composed of 159 items by using students’ answers to these questions and considering the Elementary Education Mathematic Program 2005. With reference to the pool and based on the elementary school students’ successes on mathematics, an 58-item draft scale that can measure the self-efficacy of elementary students

  19. Elementary School Teachers' Reflections on Shy Children in the Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosacki, Sandra Leanne; Coplan, Robert J.; Rose-Krasnor, Linda; Hughes, Kathleen

    2011-01-01

    This study explored teachers' perceptions of shy children in the classroom during the elementary school grades. Seven teachers (1 male, 6 female) from elementary schools located in geographically diverse areas of Canada participated in semistructured telephone interviews that explored their perceptions of and experiences with shy children in the…

  20. The Effects of Academic Optimism on Elementary Reading Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bevel, Raymona K.; Mitchell, Roxanne M.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the relationship between academic optimism (AO) and elementary reading achievement (RA). Design/methodology/approach: Using correlation and hierarchical linear regression, the authors examined school-level effects of AO on fifth grade reading achievement in 29 elementary schools in Alabama.…

  1. Integrating the Teaching of Space Science, Planetary Exploration And Robotics In Elementary And Middle School with Mars Rover Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bering, E. A.; Ramsey, J.; Smith, H.; Boyko, B. S.; Peck, S.; Arcenaux, W. H.

    2005-05-01

    The present aerospace engineering and science workforce is ageing. It is not clear that the US education system will produce enough qualified replacements to meet the need in the near future. Unfortunately, by the time many students get to high school, it is often too late to get them pointed toward an engineering or science career. Since some college programs require 6 units of high school mathematics for admission, students need to begin consciously preparing for a science or engineering curriculum as early as 6th or 7th grade. The challenge for educators is to convince elementary school students that science and engineering are both exciting, relevant and accessible career paths. This paper describes a program designed to help provide some excitement and relevance. It is based on the task of developing a mobile robot or "Rover" to explore the surface of Mars. There are two components to the program, a curriculum unit and a contest. The curriculum unit is structured as a 6-week planetary science unit for elementary school (grades 3-5). It can also be used as a curriculum unit, enrichment program or extracurricular activity in grades 6-8 by increasing the expected level of scientific sophistication in the mission design. The second component is a citywide competition to select the most outstanding models that is held annually at a local college or University. Primary (Grades 3-5) and middle school (Grades 6-8) students interested in science and engineering will design and build of a model of a Mars Rover to carry out a specific science mission on the surface of Mars. The students will build the models as part of a 6-week Fall semester classroom-learning or homework project on Mars. The students will be given design criteria for a rover, and be required to do basic research on Mars that will determine the operational objectives and structural features of their rover. This module may be used as part of a class studying general science, earth science, solar system astronomy or robotics or as a multi-disciplinary unit for a gifted and talented program. A written report on the science objectives and design features of the Rover is required. The program includes specific learning objectives in research skills, language arts (reading scientific literature, preparing a verbal presentation and writing a report), mathematics, science and engineering.The model will be mostly a mock-up, constructed at a minimal cost (estimated cost of less than 10-25) of mostly found objects and simple art supplies.

  2. Beowulf. Lessons from ORIAS Institute on History through Literature in the 6th Grade/7th Grade Core Classrooms, 1998-2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinetti, Carolyn

    This lesson plan, featuring the epic, "Beowulf," employs the introduction-quotation exchange to monitor student comprehension while reading the epic. A second exercise, also dealing with reading comprehension, requires students to keep an historical evidence journal and fill out an historical evidence chart. The lesson plan features a hero's…

  3. Synopsis of the 6th Walker's Cay Colloquium on Cancer Vaccines and Immunotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marincola Francesco M

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The 6th annual Cancer Vaccines and Immunotherapy Colloquium at Walker's Cay was held under the auspices of the Albert B. Sabin Vaccine Institute on March 10–13, 2004. The Colloquium consisted of a select group of 34 scientists representing academia, biotechnology and pharmaceutical industry. The main goal of this gathering was to promote in a peaceful and comfortable environment exchanges between basic and clinical science. The secondary benefit was to inspire novel bench to bedside ventures and at the same time provide feed back about promising and/or disappointing clinical results that could help re-frame some scientific question or guide the design of future trials. Several topics were covered that included tumor antigen discovery and validation, platforms for vaccine development, tolerance, immune suppression and tumor escape mechanisms, adoptive T cell therapy and dendritic cell-based therapies, clinical trials and assessment of response. Here we report salient points raised by speakers or by the audience during animated discussion that followed each individual presentation.

  4. The 6th questionnaire report of safety control in nuclear medicine

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The questionnaire has been done every three years from 1986 for the ultimate purpose of safe medical examinations and this 6th one was performed for the objective period of April 1, 1998-March 31, 2001. Subjects were 1,254 nuclear medicine facilities and answers were obtained in 86.2%. Questionnaire concerned the personnel involved in nuclear medical examinations (medical doctors and pharmacists as well as radiology technologists), instruments (an investigation was additionally conducted on Anger-type camera), accidents experienced, matters possibly leading to accident, improvement in safety control, serious trouble and breakage of the instrument, requests for the instrument manufacturers and so on. Summaries were: numbers of medical radiology technologist increased and a considerable and small number of doctors and pharmacists, respectively, were found involved; tests in vitro were decreased; SPECT-camera with 2 or 3 detectors increased; check rate for imaging instruments was about 80%; cases of actual and possible accident increased but not serious; improvements for automatic operation and of safety sensor were required; mind for preventing accident was important; many requests for the manufacturers were proposed. (K.H.)

  5. Proceedings of the 6th annual meeting of Japanese Society of Radiation Safety Management 2007 Sendai

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This is the program and the proceedings of the 6th annual meeting of Japanese Society of Radiation Safety Management held from December 5th through the 7th of 2007. The sessions held were: (1) Radiation Measurement 1 to 3, (2) Radioactive Waste, (3) Radiation Safety Control 1 to 3, (4) Education Training, (5) Accelerator 1 and 2, and (6) Standardization and Future of Operation Environment Measurement. The number of poster presentations was 39. The topic of one symposium held was 'Influence of Low-dose Radiation'. This year, there were more keynote lectures than usual. Four keynote lectures by domestic researchers were: (1) 'Cutting Edge Medical Treatment Using Accelerator and Nuclear Reactor', (2) 'ICRO Recommendation and Concept of Dose Level', (3) 'Current Situation and Challenges of Radiation Regulation', and (4) 'Current Situation of Radioactive Waste Handling'. Including two keynote lectures by the international researchers from the United States and Croatia, six keynote lectures were held in total. (S.K.)

  6. PREFACE: The 6th European Conference on Applied Superconductivity (EUCAS 2003)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaglio, Ruggero; Donaldson, Gordon

    2004-05-01

    This special issue of Superconductor Science and Technology contains papers presented at the 6th European Conference on Applied Superconductivity (EUCAS), which was held in Sorrento, Italy, 14--18 September 2003. This important biennial event followed previous successful meetings held in Gottingen, Germany; Edinburgh, Scotland; Eindhoven, the Netherlands; Sitges (Barcelona), Spain; and Copenhagen, Denmark. Following tradition, this EUCAS conference focused on the role of superconductivity in bridging various aspects of research with a variety of concrete advanced applications. EUCAS 2003 attracted about 1000 participants from all around the world with large participation from non-European countries. This conference benefited the worldwide superconductivity community tremendously as scientists operating internationally were able to share their knowledge and experience with one another. We are grateful to all those who submitted papers to the Conference Proceedings, which will be published in an Institute of Physics Conference Series, and also to those who contributed to this special issue. Unfortunately we could not consider every one of the large number of papers submitted to this issue and we express our regret to those whose work could not be included.

  7. FOREWORD: 6th International Symposium on Electronic Beam Ion Sources and their Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liljeby, L.

    1997-01-01

    The 6th International Symposium on Electron Beam Ion sources and their Applications was held at the Manne Siegbahn Laboratory at Stockholm University, June 20-23, 1994. A symposium in this series is held every three years. The next one will be organised by Professor Reinhard Becker at the J. W. Goethe University in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. The Stockholm symposium had a total of 65 participants from 9 countries. 43 oral presentations were given and 7 posters were exhibited. For the first time in this series the proceedings have been refereed. The symposium was given generous support by the Marcus Wallbenberg Foundation for International Co-operation in Science, a support mainly used for inviting delegates from Russia and students. The organisation of the symposium was led by Dr. Carl Johan Herrlander. His efficiency, organising skill and never ending attention to all the aspects of the symposium were of the utmost importance for carrying it through. We deeply regret that the proceedings have been very much delayed. Physica Scripta has no part in causing the delay which is solely a result of my inability to enforce deadlines. We think though that the contents still is of interest in particular as a full documentation of the conference.

  8. 6th Conference on Coal Utilization Technology; Dai 6 kai sekitan riyo gijutsu kaigi koenshu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-09-01

    The paper compiled the papers presented in the 6th Conference on Coal Utilization Technology held in September 1996. With relation to the fluidized bed boiler, reported were Field operation test of Wakamatsu PFBC combined cycle power plant and Development of pressurized internally circulating fluidized bed combustion technology. Regarding the coal reformation, Development of advanced coal cleaning process, Coal preparation and coal cleaning in the dry process, etc. Concerning the combustion technology, Study of the O2/CO2 combustion technology, Development of pressurized coal partial combustor, etc. About the CWM, Development of low rank coals upgrading and their CWM producing technology, Technique of CWM distribution system, etc. Relating to the coal ash, Engineering characteristics of the improved soil by deep mixing method using coal ash, Employment of fluidized bed ash as a basecourse material, On-site verification trials using fly ash for reclamation behind bulkheads, Water permeabilities of pulverized fuel ash, Separation of unburned carbon from coal fly ash through froth flotation, Practical use technology of coal ash (POZ-O-TEC), etc

  9. Solving word problems for life, grades 6-8

    CERN Document Server

    Brown, Melony

    2014-01-01

    Solving Word Problems for Life, Grades 6-8 offers students who struggle with math a daily opportunity to improve their skills. The book offers 180 math word problems. The first 30 focus on 6th-grade math standards, the second 30 on 7th-grade standards, and the last 30 on 8th-grade standards. There is also a section of more difficult, extra-credit problems titled ""Hard-Hat Thinking"". All of the activities are designed to strengthen basic math skills and problem-solving ability. Six visual cues-a hammer for adding, a screwdriver for subtracting, gears for multiplying, a saw for dividing, a ta

  10. 6th International Meeting on Taphonomy and Fossilization TAPHOS 2011. 14th - 17th June, Tübingen, Germany.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James H. Nebelsick

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Nebelsick J.H., Friedrich J.-P. and Dynowski J.F. (eds., 2011. 6th International Meeting on Taphonomy and Fossilization. Taphos 2011. Tübingen, 14th-17th June 2011. Annali dell’Università di Ferrara, Sez.Museologia Scientifica e Naturalistica, volume speciale

  11. ATMOS 2006 Abstracts Collection -- Presentations at the 6th Workshop on Algorithmic Methods and Models for Optimization of Railways

    OpenAIRE

    Jacob, Riko; Müller-Hannemann, Matthias

    2006-01-01

    The 6th Workshop on Algorithmic Methods and Models for Optimization of Railways (ATMOS 06) is held on September 14, 2006 in Z�¼rich, Switzerland (http://algo06.inf.ethz.ch/atmos), as part of the ALGO meeting.

  12. Teaching Elementary Reading. 4th Edition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tinker, Miles A.; McCullough, Constance M.

    Designed to present a program of balanced developmental reading, this book describes basic principles of reading instruction and presents examples of recommended practice for kindergarten through the elementary grades. Chapter one, "About Reading and the Reading Teacher," discusses the nature, goals, and methods of teaching reading; the reading…

  13. Rural Elementary School Teachers' Technology Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howley, Aimee; Wood, Lawrence; Hough, Brian

    2011-01-01

    Based on survey responses from more than 500 third-grade teachers, this study addressed three research questions relating to technology integration and its impact in rural elementary schools. The first analyses compared rural with non-rural teachers, revealing that the rural teachers had more positive attitudes toward technology integration. Then…

  14. PREFACE: 6th Workshop on Infrared Spectroscopy and Microscopy with Accelerator-Based Sources (WIRMS11)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lupi, Stefano; Perucchi, Andrea

    2012-05-01

    This volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series is dedicated to a subset of papers related to the work presented at the 6th edition of the international Workshop on Infrared Spectroscopy and Microscopy with Accelerator-Based Sources (WIRMS), held in Trieste, Italy, September 4-8 2011. Previous editions of the conference were held in Porquerolles (France), Lake Tahoe (USA), Rathen (Germany), Awaji (Japan), and Banff (Canada). This edition was organized and chaired by Stefano Lupi (Roma La Sapienza) and co-chaired by Andrea Perucchi (Elettra), with the support of the Italian Synchrotron Light Laboratory ELETTRA, which was honored to host the WIRMS workshop in its tenth anniversary. The 6th WIRMS edition addressed several different topics, ranging from biochemistry to strongly correlated materials, from geology to conservation science, and from forensics to the study of cometary dusts. Representatives from the infrared scientific programs at synchrotron light sources and free-electron-laser facilities. This edition was attended by 88 participants, including representatives from the infrared scientific programs at synchrotron light sources and free-electron-laser facilities, who enjoyed the stimulating scientific presentations, several detailed discussions, and the beautiful weather and scenery of the Trieste gulf. Participants came from 16 different nations and four continents, including many young scientists, six of which were supported by the organizers. There were 45 scientific talks divided in 11 sessions: Facilities, Microspectroscopy (I, II, III), Time-Resolved Spectroscopies, Extreme Conditions, Condensed Matter, Near-Field, Imaging, THz Techniques and High-Resolution Spectroscopy. 37 posters were also presented at two very lively evening poster sessions. We would like to use the opportunity of writing this preface to thank all the participants of the workshop for the very high level of their scientific contribution and for the very friendly atmosphere, which were the most important keys to the success of the workshop. We also wish to thank all the companies (Bruker, Tydex, Spiricon, Allectra, Neaspec, Micos) and institutions (Sincrotrone Trieste, Sapienza University of Rome, EMS, INFN, CNR-IOM) sponsoring this event. We are indebted to the members of the International Advisory Committee for their valuable help in the difficult choosing of the invited speakers, and for more general advice on the conference organization and structuring. A special acknowledgment goes to the ELETTRA secretary staff, and in particular to Mariella Antonetti, who has been involved with the organization from the very beginning. The 7th WIRMS conference will be held in Melbourne (Australia). Our best wishes go to the organizers for a successful conference. Additional information on the conference can still be found on the conference website: http://www.elettra.trieste.it/events/2011/WIRMS/ A selection of the conference pictures is also available on Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/sincrotronets/sets/72157627705743677/ Guest Editors Stefano Lupi and Andrea Perucchi Conference photograph The PDF also contains details of the Local Organizing Committee and International Advisory Committee and a list of Sponsors.

  15. Teacher's Guide, Health. Grade 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bui huy Bao; And Others

    This is the teaching guide accompanying the elementary health instructional program designed for children at the first grade level in Vietnam. The goal is to integrate the school program with the realities of the health conditions in the community. The teaching method outlined in the guide is based on three principals: (1) preparation at home, (2)…

  16. Grading psysical education in the region of Goriška

    OpenAIRE

    Ko?evar, Jana

    2013-01-01

    Physical education is a compulsory subject for all pupils in elementary schools. This diploma thesis presents the field of physical education evaluation in the first and second triad of elementary school education. In the first triad, descriptive grading is used, in the second triad numerical grading for all subjects, including physical education, is used. In the past, this subject was represented by written evaluation, while in the future, some want to make physical education a non-graded su...

  17. Utilisation des micro-ordinateurs en ecriture aux cycles primaire et moyen: methodes, roles, attitudes et produits. L'education et la technologie (Writing with Microcomputers in the Elementary Grades: Process, Roles, Attitudes, and Products. Education and Technology Series).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larter, Sylvia; And Others

    A study examined and compared writing with and without microcomputers in elementary schools. Specifically, the study examined (1) how the products of writing instruction with a computer differ from the products of traditionally taught writing, (2) the process of teaching writing, (3) teacher-pupil roles when pupils are writing, (4) teacher…

  18. Learning Science through Talking Science in Elementary Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tank, Kristina Maruyama; Coffino, Kara

    2014-01-01

    Elementary students in grade two make sense of science ideas and knowledge through their contextual experiences. Mattis Lundin and Britt Jakobson find in their research that early grade students have sophisticated understandings of human anatomy and physiology. In order to understand what students' know about human body and various systems,…

  19. Proceedings from the 6th Annual University of Calgary Leaders in Medicine Research Symposium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Jodie I; Beatty, Jennifer K; Peplowski, Michael A; Keough, Michael B; Yipp, Bryan G; Hollenberg, Morley D; Beck, Paul L

    2015-01-01

    On November 14, 2014, the Leaders in Medicine (LIM) program at the Cumming School of Medicine, University of Calgary hosted its 6th Annual Research Symposium. Dr. Danuta Skowronski, Epidemiology Lead for Influenza and Emerging Respiratory Pathogens at the British Columbia Centre for Disease Control (BCCDC), was the keynote speaker and presented a lecture entitled "Rapid response research during emerging public health crises: influenza and reflections from the five year anniversary of the 2009 pandemic". The LIM symposium provides a forum for both LIM and non-LIM medical students to present their research work, either as an oral or poster presentation. There were a total of six oral presentations and 77 posters presented. ?The oral presentations included: Swathi Damaraju, "The role of cell communication and 3D Cell-Matrix environment in a stem cell-based tissue engineering strategy for bone repair"; Menglin Yang, "The proteolytic activity of Nepenthes pitcher fluid as a therapeutic for the treatment of celiac disease"; Amelia Kellar, "Monitoring pediatric inflammatory bowel disease - a retrospective analysis of transabdominal ultrasound"; Monica M. Faria-Crowder, "The design and application of a molecular profiling strategy to identify polymicrobial acute sepsis infections"; Waleed Rahmani, "Hair follicle dermal stem cells regenerate the dermal sheath, repopulate the dermal papilla and modulate hair type"; and, Laura Palmer, "A novel role for amyloid beta protein during hypoxia/ischemia". ?The article on the University of Calgary Leaders in Medicine Program, "A Prescription that Addresses the Decline of Basic Science Education in Medical School," in a previous issue of CIM (2014 37(5):E292) provides more details on the program. Briefly, the LIM Research Symposium has the following objectives: (1) to showcase the impressive variety of projects undertaken by students in the LIM Program as well as University of Calgary medical students; (2) to encourage medical student participation in research and special projects; and, (3) to inform students and faculty about the diversity of opportunities available for research and special projects during medical school and beyond.??The following abstracts were submitted for publication. PMID:26654516

  20. Report on Inspection of Mangrove Forest Adjacent to Sierra Rutile Operational Areas 5th - 6th December 2007

    OpenAIRE

    Wadsworth, Richard A.; Sundufu, Abu; Jalloh, Abdul

    2009-01-01

    Executive Summary The “Ocean Bliss” explored part of the Shabro River Estuary from the 6th to the 8th February 2009 with the intention of talking to local residents about the mangrove forest, and their livelihoods. We attempted to navigate an inland to ocean transect and a farmer to fisherman livelihoods transect with varied success. Responses and issues raised were remarkably consistent. We suggest that the following issues be followed up: 1) Use of solar distillation technology. All...

  1. 6th-order finite volume approximation for the steady-state burger and euler equations: the mood approach

    OpenAIRE

    Machado, Gaspar J.; Clain, St??phane; Loub??re, R.; S. Diot

    2015-01-01

    We propose an innovative method based on the MOOD technology (Multi-dimensional Optimal Order Detection) to provide a 6th-order finite volume approximation for the one-dimensional steady-state Burger and Euler equations. The main ingredient consists in using an 'a posteriori' limiting strategy to eliminate non physical oscillations deriving from the Gibbs phenomenon while keeping a high accuracy for the smooth part. A short overview of the MOOD method will be presented and numerical tests wi...

  2. Finite element calculations to predict the behaviour of the Sandia 1/6th scale reinforced concrete containment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Finite element axisymmetric studies have been undertaken pertaining to the Sandia 1/6th scale reinforced concrete containment building to predict its response to internal static overpressurization. The main predictions are that the hoop rebar will yield at 0.95 MPa (138 psi) and that the periphery of the basemat will be subject to excessive uplift at 1.13 MPa (164 psi) when the tensile rebar at the pole of the basemat reaches its ultimate tensile strength (UTS). (author)

  3. The effects of the science writing heuristic (SWH) approach versus traditional instruction on yearly critical thinking gain scores in grade 5-8 classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tseng, Ching-mei

    Critical Thinking has been identified in the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) as skills needed to prepare students for advanced education and the future workforce. In science education, argument-based inquiry (ABI) has been proposed as one way to improve critical thinking. The purpose of the current study was to examine the possible effects of the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) approach, an immersion argument-based inquiry approach to learning science, on students' critical thinking skills. Guided by a question-claims-evidence structure, students who participated in SWH approach were required to negotiate meaning and construct arguments using writing as a tool throughout the scientific investigation process. Students in the control groups learned science in traditional classroom settings. Data from five data sets that included 4417 students were analyzed cross-sectionally and longitudinally. Yearly critical thinking gain scores, as measured by Form X of Cornell Critical Thinking Test, were compared for students who experienced the SWH approach versus students who experienced traditional instruction in both elementary (5th grade) and secondary schools (6th-8th grades). Analyses of yearly gain scores for data sets that represented a single year of implementation yielded statistically significant differences favoring SWH over traditional instruction in all instances and statistically significant interactions between gender and grade level in most instances. The interactions revealed that females had higher gain scores than males at lower grade levels but the reverse was true at higher grade levels. Analyses from data sets that included two years of implementation revealed higher overall gains for SWH instruction than for traditional instruction but most of those gains were achieved during the first year of implementation. Implications of these results for teaching critical thinking skills in science classrooms are discussed in detail.

  4. PREFACE: 6th Vacuum and Surface Sciences Conference of Asia and Australia (VASSCAA-6)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahsan Bhatti, Javaid; Hussain, Talib; Khan, Wakil

    2013-06-01

    The Vacuum and Surface Sciences Conference of Asia and Australia (VASSCAA) conference series has been organized to create a new forum in Asia and Australia to discuss vacuum, surface and related sciences, techniques and applications. The conference series is officially endorsed by the International Union for Vacuum Science, Technique and Application (IUVSTA). The International Steering Committee of VASSCAA is comprised of Vacuum Societies in seven countries: Australia, China, India, Iran, Japan, South Korea and Pakistan. VASSCAA-1 was organized by the Vacuum Society of Japan in 1999 in Tokyo, Japan. VASSCAA-2 was held in 2002 in Hong Kong, VASSCAA-3 in Singapore in 2005. VASSCAA-4 was held in Matsue, Japan in 2008 and VASSCAA-5 in 2010 in Beijing, China. The 6th Vacuum and Surface Sciences Conference of Asia and Australia (VASSCAA-6) was held from 9-13 October 2012 in the beautiful city of Islamabad, Pakistan. The venue of the conference was the Pak-China Friendship Centre, Islamabad. More than six hundred local delgates and around seventy delegates from different countries participated in this mega event. These delegates included scientists, researchers, engineers, professors, plant operators, designers, vendors, industrialists, businessmen and students from various research organizations, technical institutions, universities, industries and companies from Pakistan and abroad. The focal point of the event was to enhance cooperation between Pakistan and the international community in the fields of vacuum, surface science and other applied technologies. At VASSCAA-6 85 oral presentations were delivered by local and foreign speakers. These were divided into different sessions according to their fields. A poster session was organized at which over 70 researchers and students displayed their posters. The best three posters won prizes. In parallel to the main conference sessions four technical short courses were held. The participants showed keen interest in all these courses. The most significant part of this event was an international exhibition of science, technology, energy and industry. In this international exhibition over 60 prominent international as well as local industrialists and vendors displayed their products. For the recreation of conference participants a cultural program and dinner was arranged. This entertaining program was fully enjoyed by all the participants especially the foreign guests. Recreational trips were also arranged for the foreign delegates. This mega event provided a unique opportunity to our scientific community to benefit from the rich international experience. The conference was a major forum for the exchange of knowledge and provided numerous scientific, technical and social opportunities for meeting leading experts. Editors Dr Javaid Ahsan Bhatti, Dr Talib Hussain, Dr Suleman Qaiser and Dr Wakil Khan National Institute of Vacuum Science and Technology (NINVAST) NCP Complex, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan The PDF also contains a list of delegates.

  5. PREFACE: 6th International Conference on Inverse Problems in Engineering: Theory and Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnet, Marc

    2008-07-01

    The 6th International Conference on Inverse Problems in Engineering: Theory and Practice (ICIPE 2008) belongs to a successful series of conferences held up to now following a three-year cycle. Previous conferences took place in Palm Coast, Florida, USA (1993), Le Croisic, France (1996), Port Ludlow, Washington, USA (1999), Angra dos Reis, Brazil (2002), and Cambridge, UK (2005). The conference has its roots on the informal seminars organized by Professor J V Beck at Michigan State University, which were initiated in 1987. The organization of this Conference, which took place in Dourdan (Paris) France, 15-19 June 2008, was made possible through a joint effort by four research departments from four different universities: LEMTA (Laboratoire de Mécanique Théorique et Appliquée, Nancy-Université) LMS (Laboratoire de Mécanique des Solides, Ecole Polytechnique, Paris) LMAC (Laboratoire de Mathématiques Appliquées, UTC Compiègne) LTN (Laboratoire de Thermocinétique, Université de Nantes) It received support from three organizations: SFT (Société Française de Thermique: French Heat Transfer Association) ACSM (Association Calcul de Structures et Simulation : Computational Structural Mechanics Association) GdR Ondes - CNRS (`Waves' Network, French National Center for Scientific Research) The objective of the conference was to provide the opportunity for interaction and cross-fertilization between designers of inverse methods and practitioners. The delegates came from very different fields, such as applied mathematics, heat transfer, solid mechanics, tomography.... Consequently the sessions were organised along mostly methodological topics in order to facilitate interaction among participants who might not meet otherwise. The present proceedings, published in the Journal of Physics: Conference Series, gathers the four plenary invited lectures and the full-length versions of 103 presentations. The latter have been reviewed by the scientific committee (see composition below) and additional reviewers we wish to thank here for their kind help. Among the 194 abstracts initially received, 121 communications have been accepted for presentation, 109 of which having been actually presented (oral or poster form) at the conference, as well as 4 invited plenary lectures. The presentations for each session topic, and the geographic distribution of the delegates, are given in tables below. It is our hope that ICIPE 2008 has contributed to maintaining existing interactions and fostering new ones. We take this opportunity to thank all the authors for their valuable contributions and the excellent atmosphere of the meeting. The next ICIPE conference is planned to take place in the USA in May 2010. It will be organized by Alain J Kassab of the University of Central Florida (UCF) in Orlando, and will take place on the UCF campus. Further details regarding ICIPE 2010 conference will be made available on the ICIPE 2008 website during the fall of 2008, and will also be disseminated directly to individuals having attended previous ICIPE meetings. The editorial committee of ICIPE 2008, Marc Bonnet - Guest Editor Stéphane André - Associate guest editor Andrei Constantinescu - Associate guest editor Abdellatif El Badia - Associate guest editor Yvon Jarny - Associate guest editor Denis Maillet - Associate guest editor Scientific Committee: ICIPE 2008 ChairmanM. Bonnet (Ecole Polytech., France) SecretariesS. André (Nancy-U., France) A. Constantinescu (Ecole Polytech., France) Honorary membersO. M. Alifanov (Moscow Aviation Institute, Russia) J. V. Beck (Mich. State U., USA) Members G. Alessandrini (U. Trieste, Italy)R. Kress (U. Goettingen, Germany) J. S. Alves (Inst. Sup. Tecnico, Portugal) S. Kubo (Osaka U., Japan) S. Andrieux (EDF, France) K. J. Langenberg (U. Kassel, Germany) S. Arridge (U. College, London, UK) C. Leniliot (U. Provence, France) M. Azaiez (U. Bordeaux, France) D. Lesnic (U. Leeds, UK) J.-C. Batsale (U. Bordeaux, France) W. Lionheart (U. Manchester, UK) M. Bertero (U. Genova, Italy) D. Maillet (Nancy-U., France) J. Blum (U.

  6. Standards of specialized diabetes care. Edited by Dedov II, Shestakova MV (6th edition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Ivanovich Dedov

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Dear Colleagues!We are glad to present the 6th Edition of Standards of Diabetes Care. These evidence-based guidelines were designed to standardize and facilitate diabetes care in all regions of the Russian Federation. The Standards are updated on the regular basis to incorporate new data and relevant recommendations from national and international clinical societies, including World Health Organization Guidelines (WHO, 2011, International Diabetes Federation (IDF, 2011, American Diabetes Association (ADA, 2013, American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE, 2009, International Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Diabetes (ISPAD, 2009 and Russian Association of Endocrinologists (RAE, 2011, 2012. Current edition of the “Standards” also integrates results of completed randomized clinical trials (ADVANCE, ACCORD, VADT, UKPDS, etc., as well as findings from the national studies of diabetes mellitus (DM, conducted in close partnership with a number of Russian hospitals.Latest data indicates that prevalence of DM increased during the last decade more than two-fold, reaching some 371 million patients by 2013. According to the current estimation by the International Diabetes Federation, every tenth inhabitant of the planet will be suffering from DM by 2030. These observations resulted in the UN Resolution 61/225 passed on 20.12.2006 that encouraged all Member States “to develop national policies for the prevention, treatment and care of diabetes”.Like many other countries, Russian Federation experiences a sharp rise in the prevalence of DM. According to Russian State Diabetes Register, there are at least 3.799 million patients with DM in this country. However, the epidemiological survey conducted by the Federal Endocrinology Research Centre during 2002-2010 suggests that actual prevalence is 3 to 4 times greater than the officially recognized and, by this estimate, amounts to 9-10 million persons, comprising 7% of the national population. Severe consequences of the global pandemics of DM include its vascular complications: nephropathy, retinopathy, coronary, cerebral and peripheral vascular disease. These conditions are responsible for the majority of cases of diabetes-related disability and death. Current edition of the “Standards” emphasizes the patient-oriented approach in making decisions on therapeutic goals, such as levels of glycaemia and blood pressure. It also features updated guidelines on the management of vascular complications and new RAE position statement on gestational diabetes, produced in collaboration with Russian Association of Obstetrics and Gynecology. This text represents a consensus by the absolute majority of national experts, achieved through a number of fruitful discussions held at national meetings and forums. These guidelines are intended for endocrinologists and diabetologists, primary care physicians, cardiologists and other medical professionals involved in prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus.

  7. Turbulence and molecular processes in combustion; Toyota Conference, 6th, Shizuoka, Japan, Oct. 11-14, 1992

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeno, Tadao

    Papers from the conference are presented. The program was divided into the following six sessions: turbulent combustion -- theory and modeling; elementary reactions 1; elementary reactions 2; kinetics and modeling; turbulent combustion -- experiment and modeling; and turbulent combustion -- modeling and simulation. For individual titles, see A95-87171 through A95-87198.

  8. Elementary Science Literature Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gustafson, Brenda; MacDonald, Dougal; d'Entremont, Yvette

    2007-01-01

    This report presents a literature review of elementary science and design technology education research. The review is intended to provide direction to the elementary science working groups charged with the responsibility to revise the "Alberta Elementary Science Program" (1996) by reflecting current ideas reported in research literature. The…

  9. Matematicas Para La Escuela Primaria, Grado 4 (Parte 2), Comentario. Traduccion Preliminar de la Edicion en Ingles Revisada. (Mathematics for the Elementary School, Grade 4, Part 2, Teacher's Commentary. Preliminary Translation of the Revised English Edition).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beatty, Leslie; And Others

    This is Part 2 of the teacher's commentary for the grade 4 mathematics program. Part 2 includes the commentary for chapters 6 through 10. Topics covered include addition and subtraction, multiplication and division, geometrical figures, lines and lineal measurement, and fractions. (RH)

  10. Graded identities of matrix algebras and the universal graded algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Aljadeff, Eli; Natapov, Michael

    2007-01-01

    We consider fine G-gradings on M_n(C) (i.e. gradings of the matrix algebra over the complex numbers where each component is 1 dimensional). Groups which provide such a grading are known to be solvable. We consider the T-ideal of G-graded identities and show that it is generated by a special type of binomial identities which we call elementary. In particular we show that the ideal of graded identities is finitely generated as a T-ideal. Next, given such grading we construct a universal algebra U_{G,c} in two different ways: one by means of polynomial identities and the other one by means of a generic two-cocycle (this parallels the classical constructions in the non-graded case). We show that a suitable central localization of U_{G,c} is Azumaya over its center and moreover, its homomorphic images are precisely the G-graded forms of M_n(C). Finally, we consider the ring of central quotients Q(U_{G,c}) (this is an F-central simple algebra where F=Frac(Z) and Z is the center of of U_{G,c}). Using an earlier resu...

  11. A Comparison between Elementary School Students' Mental Models and Visualizations in Textbooks for the Concept of Atom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polat-Yaseen, Zeynep

    2012-01-01

    This study was designed for two major goals, which are to describe students' mental models about atom concept from 6th to 8th grade and to compare students' mental models with visual representations of atom in textbooks. Qualitative and quantitative data were collected with 4 open-ended questions including drawings which were quantified using the…

  12. 6th year of the MEFANET conference brought new ideas for the education of future health professionals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenka Šnajdrová

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The 6th year of the MEFANET conference was held in Brno, Czech Republic, from Tuesday 27th to Wednesday 28th November 2012. This conference provides a regular opportunity for teachers and students from medical faculties from all over the Czech Republic and Slovakia to meet experts in health care informatics and providers of electronical support in the education. Apart from methodical and educational aspects of e-learning at medical faculties in general, this year’s conference has again dealt with the impact of this phenomenon on a specific medical specialty: a thematically focused symposium addressed the fields of orthopaedics, rheumatology and physiotherapy.

  13. Effects of Classwide Peer Tutoring on the Performance of Sixth Grade Students during a Volleyball Unit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayvazo, Shiri; Ward, Phillip

    2009-01-01

    This investigation examined the effects of Classwide Peer Tutoring (CWPT), a variation of peer tutoring on the volleyball skills of four 6th grade middle school students purposefully selected from an intact class of 21 students. Participants were average to low skilled males and females. A single subject A-B-A-B withdrawal design was used to…

  14. Sixth-Grade Students' Views of the Nature of Engineering and Images of Engineers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karatas, Faik O.; Micklos, Amy; Bodner, George M.

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the views of the nature of engineering held by 6th-grade students to provide a baseline upon which activities or curriculum materials might be developed to introduce middle-school students to the work of engineers and the process of engineering design. A phenomenographic framework was used to guide the analysis of data…

  15. Physical Fitness in Normal and Overweight Elementary School Children

    OpenAIRE

    Budi Setiawan; Ima Karimah; Ali Khomsan

    2014-01-01

    Sedentary lifestyle in children caused low physical activity and increase incident of overweight and obesity. Low physical activity leads to physical fitness decline. The objective of this study was to analyze differences of physical fitness in normal and overweight elementary school children. This study was conducted on 108 children as subjects. They were on the fifth grade of elementary school, consisted of normal and overweight student. Physical fitness was me...

  16. Elementary Children’s Retrodictive Reasoning about Earth Science

    OpenAIRE

    Julie C. LIBARKIN; Schneps, Matthew H.

    2012-01-01

    We report on interviews conducted with twenty-one elementary school children (grades 1-5) about a number of Earth science concepts. These interviews were undertaken as part of a teacher training video series designed specifically to assist elementary teachers in learning essential ideas in Earth science. As such, children were interviewed about a wide array of earth science concepts, from rock formation to the Earth’s interior. We analyzed interview data primarily to determine whether or not ...

  17. Análise comparativa do desempenho textual de estudantes de quarta e quinta séries do ensino fundamental com e sem queixa de dificuldades na linguagem escrita Comparative analysis of textual performance in student of fourth and fifth grade of elementary school with and without complaint of disabilities in writing language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Deuschle-Araújo

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: comparar o desempenho na produção textual e a compreensão leitora de estudantes de quarta e quinta séries do ensino fundamental, com e sem queixa de dificuldades de linguagem escrita, relacionando-as às práticas de letramento experenciadas por esses estudantes. MÉTODOS: foram avaliados 21 pré-adolescentes, de quarta e quinta série de duas escolas públicas, com queixa de dificuldade de linguagem escrita e 21 controles da mesma sala de aula, quanto à produção textual, compreensão textual e práticas de letramento. As produções textuais foram avaliadas segundo o protocolo de níveis textuais. RESULTADOS: não há diferença estatística entre os grupos de estudo e controle, em ambas as séries, na habilidade de compreensão textual. Em relação à produção textual, na quarta série os itens que apresentaram diferença estatística foram: situacionalidade, aceitabilidade, repetição, progressão e intencionalidade. Já na quinta série, os itens alterados foram a aceitabilidade e a progressão. Todos os sujeitos apresentaram práticas de letramento insuficientes. CONCLUSÕES: houve diferença estatística entre o grupo controle e de estudo em algumas categorias textuais, sobretudo, aceitabilidade e progressão. De um modo geral, ambos os grupos apresentaram desempenhos textuais abaixo do esperado para sua escolaridade, fato que parece estar relacionado a práticas de letramento insuficientes, tanto na escola como no ambiente familiar.PURPOSE: compare the textual performance of production and the reading comprehension of students in fourth and fifth grade of elementary school, with and without complaints of desabilities in the writing language, relating them with the practices of literacy experienced by these students. METHODS: 21 were assessed pre-adolescents in 4th and 5th grade of public schools,with complaint of desability in writing language and 21 controls in the same classroom, on the textual production, textual comprehension and practices of literacy. The textual productions were evaluated following the protocol of textual levels. RESULTS: there isn't statistical difference between the study groups and control in both grades in the ability textual understanding. Regarding the textual production in the 4th grade the items that showed changes were: situational, acceptability, repetition, progression, and intentionality. Already in the 5th grade, the items changed to acceptability and progress. All subjects had insufficient practice of literacy. CONCLUSION: there was a statistical difference between the control group and the study in some textual categories, particularly acceptability and progress. In general, both groups were lower than expected textual performance for your schooling, a fact that seems to be related to inadequate practices of literacy as much in the school as the family environment.

  18. Análise comparativa do desempenho textual de estudantes de quarta e quinta séries do ensino fundamental com e sem queixa de dificuldades na linguagem escrita / Comparative analysis of textual performance in student of fourth and fifth grade of elementary school with and without complaint of disabilities in writing language

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Vanessa, Deuschle-Araújo; Ana Paula Ramos de, Souza.

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: comparar o desempenho na produção textual e a compreensão leitora de estudantes de quarta e quinta séries do ensino fundamental, com e sem queixa de dificuldades de linguagem escrita, relacionando-as às práticas de letramento experenciadas por esses estudantes. MÉTODOS: foram avaliados 21 [...] pré-adolescentes, de quarta e quinta série de duas escolas públicas, com queixa de dificuldade de linguagem escrita e 21 controles da mesma sala de aula, quanto à produção textual, compreensão textual e práticas de letramento. As produções textuais foram avaliadas segundo o protocolo de níveis textuais. RESULTADOS: não há diferença estatística entre os grupos de estudo e controle, em ambas as séries, na habilidade de compreensão textual. Em relação à produção textual, na quarta série os itens que apresentaram diferença estatística foram: situacionalidade, aceitabilidade, repetição, progressão e intencionalidade. Já na quinta série, os itens alterados foram a aceitabilidade e a progressão. Todos os sujeitos apresentaram práticas de letramento insuficientes. CONCLUSÕES: houve diferença estatística entre o grupo controle e de estudo em algumas categorias textuais, sobretudo, aceitabilidade e progressão. De um modo geral, ambos os grupos apresentaram desempenhos textuais abaixo do esperado para sua escolaridade, fato que parece estar relacionado a práticas de letramento insuficientes, tanto na escola como no ambiente familiar. Abstract in english PURPOSE: compare the textual performance of production and the reading comprehension of students in fourth and fifth grade of elementary school, with and without complaints of desabilities in the writing language, relating them with the practices of literacy experienced by these students. METHODS: 2 [...] 1 were assessed pre-adolescents in 4th and 5th grade of public schools,with complaint of desability in writing language and 21 controls in the same classroom, on the textual production, textual comprehension and practices of literacy. The textual productions were evaluated following the protocol of textual levels. RESULTS: there isn't statistical difference between the study groups and control in both grades in the ability textual understanding. Regarding the textual production in the 4th grade the items that showed changes were: situational, acceptability, repetition, progression, and intentionality. Already in the 5th grade, the items changed to acceptability and progress. All subjects had insufficient practice of literacy. CONCLUSION: there was a statistical difference between the control group and the study in some textual categories, particularly acceptability and progress. In general, both groups were lower than expected textual performance for your schooling, a fact that seems to be related to inadequate practices of literacy as much in the school as the family environment.

  19. Construção de conceitos de eletricidade nos anos iniciais do Ensino Fundamental com uso de experimentação virtual / Construction of concepts of electricity in the early grades of elementary school with the use of virtual experiments

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Sorandra Corrêa de, Lima; Eduardo Kojy, Takahashi.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, desenvolvemos e aplicamos uma metodologia de ensino para crianças do quarto ano do Ensino Fundamental, com o objetivo de viabilizar o início da construção de alguns conceitos de eletricidade a partir do uso de um experimento virtual. A análise do desenvolvimento das concepções dos es [...] tudantes, durante as atividades realizadas, mostrou que a experimentação virtual propiciou o desenvolvimento de algumas capacidades cognitivas e exibiu indícios de formação dos conceitos em nível formal. Abstract in english In this paper, we report the development and application of a methodology for teaching electricity concepts to children attending the fourth year of elementary school, with the aim of starting the construction of some concepts related to this topic by using a virtual experiment. The analysis of the [...] evolution of the student's concepts while they were performing the programed tasks showed that the virtual experimentation led to the development of some cognitive skills and provided evidences of concept formation in the formal level.

  20. Elementary quotient completion

    CERN Document Server

    Maietti, Maria Emilia

    2012-01-01

    We extend the notion of exact completion on a weakly lex category to elementary doctrines. We show how any such doctrine admits an elementary quotient completion, which freely adds effective quotients and extensional equality. We note that the elementary quotient completion can be obtained as the composite of two free constructions: one adds effective quotients, and the other forces extensionality of maps. We also prove that each construction preserves comprehensions.

  1. Instructor-led or Learner-led for Elementary Learners to Learn Computer-based Music Composition?

    OpenAIRE

    Ju-Shih Tseng; Ming-Puu Chen

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of instructional strategy (instructor-led vs. learner-led) and grade level (third grade vs. fifth grade) on elementary learners’ music composition performance and attitude with the use of a computer-based music composition software. An experimental learning activity was implemented using 5E learning cycle as a pedagogical framework to facilitate learning. A quasi-experimental design was employed with elementary learners participated ...

  2. Doing homework: perspectives of elementary and junior high school students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryan, T; Nelson, C

    1994-10-01

    A survey of homework experiences was administered to 1,527 elementary and junior high students in regular (n = 1,242), resource (n = 234), and self-contained special education (n = 51) classrooms. The results found significant main effects for Group, Grade, and Group by Grade interactions for items related to amount of, type of, and time spent doing homework; opportunity to do homework at school; parents' assistance; students' beliefs about homework assignments and grading; and students' feelings about homework and school. The higher incidence of negative feelings and opinions from students in resource room programs suggests that students' understanding of assignments, the nature of the assignments, and the feedback given to students are important issues requiring closer evaluation. The results also suggest that changes in homework assignments and grading may make the transition from elementary to junior high school particularly difficult for students with special needs. PMID:7989853

  3. 6th HUPO Annual World Congress - Proteomics Standards Initiative Workshop 6-10 October 2007, Seoul, Korea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orchard, Sandra; Martens, Lennart; Tasman, Joshua; Binz, Pierre-Alain; Albar, Juan Pablo; Hermjakob, Henning

    2008-04-01

    The plenary session of the Proteomics Standards Initiative of the Human Proteome Organisation at the 6th annual HUPO world congress updated the delegates on the current status of the ongoing work of this group. The new MS interchange format, mzML, had been entered into the HUPO document process immediately prior to the meeting and was already under active discussion by prospective users. It is anticipated this will become the de facto standard in this area in 2008. Minimal requirements documents are in the process of being published and proteomics journals are beginning to request data deposition as part of the manuscript submission process. The session ended with a lively debate on the practical implications these advances will have on daily laboratory work, on submission procedures and the tools which are being developed to assist in these activities. PMID:18318010

  4. Solution of the 6th dynamic AER benchmark using the coupled core DYN3D/ATHLET

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 6th dynamic benchmark is a logical continuation of the work to validate systematically coupled neutron kinetics/thermohydraulics code systems for the estimation of the transient behaviour of WWER type nuclear power plant which was started in the 5th dynamic benchmark. This benchmark concerns a double ended break of the main steam line (asymmetrical MSLB) in a WWER plant. The core is at the end of first cycle in full power conditions. The asymmetric leak causes a different depressurization of all steam generators. New features in comparison to the 5th dynamic benchmark were included: asymmetric operation of the feed water system, consideration of incomplete coolant mixing in the reactor vessel, and the definition of a fixed isothermal recriticality temperature for normalising the nuclear data (Authors)

  5. Proceedings of 6th International Microbeam Workshop/12th L.H. Gray Workshop Microbeam Probes of Cellular Radiation Response

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The extended abstracts which are submitted here present a summary of the proceedings of the 6th International Workshop/12th LH Gray Workshop: Microbeam Probes of Cellular Radiation Response, held at St. Catherine's College, University of Oxford, UK on March, 29th-31st, 2003. In 1993 the 4th LH Gray Workshop entitled ''Microbeam Probes of Cellular Radiation Response'' was held at the Gray Cancer Institute in Northwood. This was organized by Prof BD Michael, Dr M. Folkard and Dr KM Prise and brought together 40 participants interested in developing and applying new microbeam technology to problems in radiation biology (1). The workshop was an undoubted success and has spawned a series of subsequent workshops every two years. In the past, these workshops have been highly successful in bringing together groups interested in developing and applying micro-irradiation techniques to the study of cell and tissue damage by ionizing radiations. Following the first microbeam workshop, there has been a rapid growth in the number of centres developing radiobiology microbeams, or planning to do so and there are currently 15-20 worldwide. Much of the recent research using microbeams has used them to study low-dose effects and ''non-targeted'' responses such bystander effects, genomic instability and adaptive responses. The goal of the 6th workshop was to build on our knowledge of the development of microbeam approaches and the application to radiation biology in the future with the meeting stretching over a 3 day period. Over 80 participants reviewed the current state of radiobiology microbeam research worldwide and reported on new technological developments both in the fields of physics and biology

  6. Bringing Science Public Outreach to Elementary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Lucas; Speck, A.; Tinnin, A.

    2012-01-01

    Many science "museums” already offer fantastic programs for the general public, and even some aimed at elementary school kids. However, these venues are usually located in large cities and are only occasionally used as tools for enriching science education in public schools. Here we present preliminary work to establish exciting educational enrichment environments for public schools that do not easily have access to such facilities. This program is aimed at motivating children's interest in science beyond what they learn in the classroom setting. In this program, we use the experience and experiments/demonstrations developed at a large science museum (in this case, The St. Louis Science Center) and take them into a local elementary school. At the same time, students from the University of Missouri are getting trained on how to present these outreach materials and work with the local elementary schools. Our pilot study has started with implementation of presentations/demonstrations at Benton Elementary School within the Columbia Public School district, Missouri. The school has recently adopted a STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) centered learning system throughout all grade levels (K-5), and is therefore receptive to this effort. We have implemented a program in which we have given a series of scientific demonstrations at each grade level's lunch hour. Further enrichment ideas and plans include: addition demonstrations, hands-on experiments, and question and answer sessions. However, the application of these events would be to compliment the curriculum for the appropriate grade level at that time. The focus of this project is to develop public communications which links science museums, college students and local public schools with an emphasis on encouraging college science majors to share their knowledge and to strengthen their ability to work in a public environment.

  7. The Effects of Note-Taking Skills Instruction on Elementary Students' Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Wan-Chen; Ku, Yu-Min

    2015-01-01

    The authors investigated the effects of a 5-week note-taking skills instructional program on note-taking and reading comprehension performance of elementary students. The participants included 349 fourth-grade students from 2 elementary schools in Taiwan. The Note-Taking Instruction group received approximately 40 min of note-taking skills…

  8. Psychological Needs Satisfaction, Motivational Regulations and Physical Activity Intention among Elementary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Weiyun

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the relationship between psychological needs satisfaction, motivational regulations in physical education and physical activity intention among elementary school students. A total of 291 elementary school students in grades 3-6 voluntarily completed the three measures. This study indicated that satisfaction of three basic…

  9. Sexual Harassment of Girls in Elementary School: A Concealed Phenomenon within a Heterosexual Romantic Discourse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gadin, Katja Gillander

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this study was to enhance the understanding of young girls' experiences of peer sexual harassment in elementary school and of normalizing processes of school-related sexualized violence. Six focus group interviews with girls in Grade 1 through 6 were carried out in an elementary school in the northern part of Sweden. A content analyses…

  10. The Elementary Persuasive Letter: Two Cases of Situated Competence, Strategy, and Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Diane Downer

    2008-01-01

    Research on persuasive writing by elementary children posits primarily a developmental perspective, claiming that elementary-age children can effectively argue through talk but not through writing. While this view is commonly held, this article presents counterevidence. Drawing on two cases of third and fourth grade children writing persuasive…

  11. The Predictors of Internet Addiction Behaviours for Taiwanese Elementary School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lan, Chu M.; Lee, Yu H.

    2013-01-01

    Although there has been considerable research which has explored factors related to internet addiction, few studies have investigated elementary school students' involvement in this behaviour pattern. Participants in the present study were 1045 children in grades 3 to 6 from elementary schools in Taiwan. Students completed surveys on their…

  12. Upper Elementary Boys' Participation during Group Singing Activities in Single-Sex and Coeducational Classes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazzy, Zadda M.

    2010-01-01

    As boys in the upper elementary grades become increasingly influenced by peer pressure, many are less likely to participate in singing activities because singing is considered a "feminine" activity. The purpose of this research was to explore if there was an effect on upper elementary boys' level of participation during group singing activities…

  13. Urban Elementary Students' Views of Environmental Scientists, Environmental Caretakers and Environmentally Responsible Behaviors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horne, Patricia Lynne

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to determine the nature of the relationship between urban elementary fifth graders, environmental workers, and the environment. The study examined 320 urban fifth grade elementary students' drawings of environmental scientists (DAEST) and environmental caretakers (DAECT). Additionally, semi-structured interviews…

  14. Technology Talk With a Grade Two Student

    OpenAIRE

    Samuel Bradshaw-Truesdale

    2013-01-01

    In this interview, elementary grade level student Samuel Bradshaw-Truesdale discusses how he uses technology--ranging from Smart tables and Smart boards to computers and the Internet--both at home and in the classroom. He talks about how technology helps him solve word and mathematic problems as well as build LEGO robots.

  15. Technology Talk With a Grade Two Student

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Bradshaw-Truesdale

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In this interview, elementary grade level student Samuel Bradshaw-Truesdale discusses how he uses technology--ranging from Smart tables and Smart boards to computers and the Internet--both at home and in the classroom. He talks about how technology helps him solve word and mathematic problems as well as build LEGO robots.

  16. Music Core Curriculum: Grades 7-12.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utah State Board of Education, Salt Lake City.

    Designed by the Utah State Board of Education, this music core curriculum represents the standards of learning for all students in grades 7 through 12 including the ideas, concepts, and skills that provide a foundation for subsequent learning. The curriculum guide describes the elementary and secondary school core curriculum and high school…

  17. Poetry in Third Grade: Getting Started

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sekeres, Diane Carver; Gregg, Madeleine

    2007-01-01

    Poetry should be an integral part of children's learning in elementary school. This article explains the classroom structures and routines through which third-grade students in an inner-city school became familiar with poetic language and learned to appreciate the artistry of poetry. Most of the students were struggling readers. Reading poetry…

  18. Gender Differences in Cognitive Load and Competition Anxiety Affect 6th Grade Students' Attitude toward Playing and Intention to Play at a Sequential or Synchronous Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Ming-Yueh; Hong, Jon-Chao; Cheng, Hao-Yueh; Peng, Yu-Chi; Wu, Nien-Chen

    2013-01-01

    Do girls have more competition anxiety and exogenous cognitive load than equally able boys during the playing of stressful competitive on-line games? This question led to the adoption of a technology acceptance model to compare the influence factors of competitors in sequential and synchronous games. Confirmatory factor analysis of the data on 220…

  19. INVESTIGATING THE CORRELATION BETWEEN ACADEMIC AVARAGES OF ELEMENTARY ENGLISH COURSE AND ENGLISH SUB-TEST SCORES IN LEVEL DETERMINATION EXAMINATION WITH STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELLING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gökhan BA?

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose and Significance: The central examinations have been per¬formed with the aim of selecting and placing the students in the various education institutions for a long time in Turkey. Among these central examinations come the ones that are performed in the transition from elementary education to secondary education first (Karakaya, 2012. In the transition from elementary education to sec¬ondary education, the results of the Level Determination Examination, known as SBS are used. In order to select students and place them in second¬ary schools, the Level Determination Examination (LDE has been performed for the 6th, 7th, and 8th grades since the academic year 2007–2008 (MEB, 2010a. The Level Determination Examination includes five sub-tests, which are Turkish, mathematics, science and technology, social sciences, and foreign languages (MEB, 2010b. After the elementary curriculum has been renewed in 2005-2006 academic year, alternative measurement and assessment approaches are being used in the classrooms such as project work, classroom involvement, performance work, portfolio, etc. (At?lgan, Kan & Do?an, 2011. Amongst these, project work, classroom involvement, performance work, and formal examinations at school are being used for the transition from elementary education to sec¬ondary education as well as the result of the Level Determination Examination (MEB, 2010a. When the related literature is viewed, it is seen that there are many studies on the effects of the LDE (Sevindik, 2009; Üzkurt & Koçako?lu, 2009; An?l et al., 2010; Güler, 2010; Erdo?an, Giorgietti & Çifçili, 2010; Kelecio?lu, Atalay & Öztürk, 2010; Kurt, 2010; Y?lmaz, 2010; An?l & Güzeller, 2011; Bal, 2011; ?ahin, 2011; Güzeller, 2012; Karakaya, 2012; Karakaya & Kutlu, 2012. These studies are seen that they have mostly focused on mathematics and science and technology sub-tests in the LDE. However, it is understood that there are no studies which focuses on other sub-tests of the LDE such as Turkish, social sciences, and foreign languages. Therefore, more studies are needed in order to investigate factors affecting students’ performance in the LDE. Hence, it is thought to be important to analyze the relationship between the means of the academic achievement scores of the students in English course that they had from different means of measurement and the raw scores of LDT English sub-test. In this regard, the purpose of this study is to investigate the correlation between academic averages of elementary English course and English sub-test scores in the Level Determination Examination (LDE with structural equation modelling. Method: The correlative investigation model was used in the research (McMillan & Schumacher, 2006. This model is one of the most commonly applied models in the related literature (Cohen, Manion & Morrison, 2003. A struc¬tural equation model was formed in order to better illustrate the correlation between variables in the research (Brown, 2006. Structural equation model connects the predictive structural correlations holding between the variables in the regression model to the covered factor structures in the factor analysis through a comprehensive analysis (Sümer, 2000. The population of this study consisted of students in elementary schools within the borders of Nigde province of Turkey. In order to detect the sampling of the study, from elementary schools in cosmos, 375 students from six public elementary schools were chosen according to random sampling method (Karasar, 2005. In this research, LISREL 8.51 structural equation programme was used in model establishing by using the observed variables predicted. Discussion: It was found a linear positive significant high correlation between written exams variable to academic scores in relation to the Level Determination Examination English sub-test in the research. Verim (2006 and Güzeller (2012 found similar findings to the related finding of this study. Also, Sevindik (2009 and Üzkurt and Koçako?lu (2009 found similar findings which

  20. A Case Study of Violence Prevention in an Elementary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crawford, Diane Lynn

    2013-01-01

    This case study was initiated to explore how 6 fourth-grade student mediators implemented an inner-city elementary school's violence prevention program based on peer mediation in the context of psychosocial theory. The participants were trained in conflict resolution to intervene with disputants who experienced unresolved disagreements. To…

  1. Swiss Elementary School Teachers' Attitudes toward Forest Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindemann-Matthies, Petra; Knecht, Sarah

    2011-01-01

    This article investigates benefits and challenges of forest education in view of 257 Swiss elementary school teachers (1st-3rd grade), by means of a written questionnaire and 15 in-depth interviews. Two thirds of the teachers carried out forest education during normal lesson hours (mean visits = eight per year). Forests were clearly considered as…

  2. The Impact of Interactive Storybook on Elementary School Students' Recall

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seyit, Ertem Ihsan

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the effectiveness of animated interactive storybook on elementary school students' recall. This experiment utilized 77 fourth grade students in three groups. Each student was randomly assigned with one of the three conditions: (1) computer presentation of interactive storybooks with animation; (2) computer presentation of…

  3. An Inventory for Assessing Food Behaviors of Elementary School Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fanslow, Alyce M.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Describes development, field-testing, and summary statistics of a series of inventories designed to assess food behaviors of 1,673 elementary school students (grades 1-6). Content focuses on personal cleanliness, personal safety, and food quality. Students respond to cartoon items by selecting one of three responses to indicate their typical…

  4. An Evaluation of a Bullying Prevention Program for Elementary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beran, Tanya N.; Tutty, Leslie; Steinrath, Greg

    2004-01-01

    This research evaluates an anti-bullying program, Dare to Care: Bully Proofing Your School. Students in Grades 4-6 (N = 197, 77 boys, 120 girls) from four Calgary elementary schools completed the Colorado School Climate Survey (Garrity, Jens, Porter, Sager, & Short-Camilli, 2000) and the Provictim Scale-Short Version (Rigby & Slee, 1991). The…

  5. Teachers' Use and Children's Preferences of Rewards in Elementary School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fantuzzo, John W.; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Examined teacher reports of reward use and students' preferences for rewards across elementary school grades. Findings revealed high reward use by teachers. Children reported a wide variety of reward preferences, with no significant gender or age differences found. There was no clear relationship between teacher use and children's preferences.…

  6. Fluência e compreensão da leitura em escolares do 3º ao 5º ano do ensino fundamental / Fluency and reading comprehension in students from 3rd to 5th of elementary school grades

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maíra Anelli, Martins; Simone Aparecida, Capellini.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo tem como objetivo caracterizar e relacionar a fluência na leitura e a compreensão do texto lido. Participaram da pesquisa 97 escolares do 3º ao 5º ano da rede pública de ensino do município de Marília, São Paulo. Como procedimentos, foram avaliados o tempo de leitura, a prosódia e a comp [...] reensão leitora. Foi gravada a leitura oral de um texto e aplicado um teste com questões de múltipla escolha para avaliar a compreensão. Os resultados foram analisados estatisticamente e revelaram que o desempenho em fluência de leitura dos escolares influencia aspectos das dificuldades apresentadas durante o processo. Abstract in english The study aims to characterize and report on performance in reading fluency and comprehension. The study sample included 97 students from 3 rd to 5 th grade at a state school in the city of Marília in São Paulo State of Brazil. The procedures involved an evaluation of reading time, prosody and text [...] comprehension. The oral reading of a text was recorded, and a multiple choice test was applied to evaluate performance in comprehension. The results were statistically analyzed and showed that performance in students' reading fluency was able to highlight aspects of the difficulties that arise during the processing of reading.

  7. "English Is Not Easy, but I like It!": An Exploratory Study of English Learning Attitudes amongst Elementary School Students in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, I-Fang; Huang, Yi-Cheng

    2010-01-01

    In response to the growing needs of proficient English speakers, the Taiwan Ministry of Education officially included English in standard elementary school curriculum since 2001. English courses at elementary level were extended from the fifth grade to the third grade since the fall of 2005. It is significant to examine whether the educational…

  8. Futebol: representações e práticas de escolares do ensino fundamental / Football: representations and practices of students of the elementary school

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Leandro Del Giudice, Macagnan; Mauro, Betti.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo buscou caracterizar as práticas e identificar representações sociais de escolares sobre o futebol no âmbito da aulas de Educação Física Escolar. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa de tipo etnográfico, que utilizou observação participante e entrevistas semiestruturadas, além de question [...] ário, em uma turma de 29 alunos do 6º ano do Ensino Fundamental, em uma escola pública na cidade de Bauru - SP. Os resultados indicam que as mídias e a família são os principais elementos que constituem as representações dos alunos sobre o futebol, e que o modo como a prática do futebol é desenvolvida na escola ao mesmo tempo as constrói e realimenta. Concluímos que as representações sociais são um importante meio que orienta as relações dos alunos com o futebol, na medida em que influenciam a orientação e organização das suas condutas. Todavia, isto não torna homogêneas suas condutas e valores, pois os alunos buscam no futebol a satisfação de algo que é também pessoal, como diversão e amizades. Abstract in english This study aimed to characterize the practices and social representations of students about football within the Physical Education classes. This is a qualitative research of ethnographic type, which used participant observation and semi-structured interviews, as well as questionnaires, in a class of [...] 29 students from 6th grade of Elementary Education, in a private school in Bauru City-SP. The results indicate that the media and the family are the main elements that constitute the representations of students about football, and that the way football practice is developed at school simultaneously builds and feed them. We conclude that social representations rule the relationships of students with football, insofar as they guide and organize their behavior. However, this does not make their conduct and values homogenous, because the students seek in football the satisfaction of something that is also personal, as fun and friendship.

  9. A Comparative Study of Integrating Multimedia into the Third Grade Math Curriculum to Improve Math Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yuliang

    2013-01-01

    This quasi-experimental study was to design, develop, and implement one multimedia math lesson in third grade to improve students' math learning. The non-equivalent control group design was used. The experimental group had 11 third grade students and the control group had 15 third grade students in an African American predominated elementary

  10. SOME THOUGHTS ON THE DEMISE OF ROMAN INFLUENCE IN NORTH AFRICA, 5th/ 6th CENTURY AD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Cilliers

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available When one thinks of the once mighty Roman Empire, a vision of the proverbial “eternal city” of Rome with its beautiful white colonnaded marble buildings comes to mind. However, Rome did not last eternally, in fact, more than 200 years before the traditional date of the “fall” of the Roman Empire in the West (AD 476, the Golden Age of Rome had shifted towards the southern shore of the Mediterranean, to the previously rather neglected provinces of North Africa. From the 2nd century AD until it was overrun by the Vandals in the 5th century, Roman North Africa enjoyed a period of unequalled prosperity; during the Vandal reign Roman influence still endured in small measure, followed by a brief renaissance under the Byzantines in the 6th century, but after the Arab conquest in the late 7th century it vanished as completely as if the Romans had never set foot in North Africa.
    The exceptional prosperity of North Africa at a time when the rest of the Empire was already in a state of decline, and the complete disappearance of any Roman influence whatsoever on the culture and language of a region which was at the time the most Romanized of all the Roman provinces, will be discussed in this article.

  11. Ethical, legal, and social aspects of farm animal cloning in the 6th Framework Programme for Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Claxton, John; Sachez, Elena; Matthiessen-Guyader, Line

    2004-01-01

    Cloned livestock have potential importance in the provision of improved medicine as well as in the development of livestock production. The public is, however, increasingly concerned about the social and ethical consequences of these advances in knowledge and techniques. There is unevenness throughout Europe in different Member States' attitudes to research into livestock cloning. Although there is EU legislation controlling the use of animals for research purposes, there is no legislation specifically governing cloning in livestock production. The main EU reference is the 9th Opinion of the European Group on Ethics, which states "Cloning of farm animals may prove to be of medical and agricultural as well as economic benefit. It is acceptable only when the aims and methods are ethically justified and when carried out under ethical conditions." The ethical justification includes the avoidance of suffering, the use of the 3Rs principle and a lack of better alternatives. The Commission addresses these issues in the 6th Framework Programme by promoting the integration of ethical, legal and social aspects in all proposals where they are relevant, by fostering ethical awareness and foresight in the proposals, by encouraging public dialogue, and by supporting specific actions to promote the debate. Research must respect fundamental ethical principles, including animal welfare requirements. PMID:15268793

  12. The use of mobile learning by 6th-year medical students in a minimally-supported environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ken Masters

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The study aims to identify the impact of minimal support on medical students' mobile learning activities. Methods: The study was performed at the Sultan Qaboos University, Oman, on 129 medical students in their 7th year. The study consisted of a quantitative survey of the students, focussing on their mobile learning activities during their 6th year, while using their own mobile devices (such as smart phones for mobile learning activities. In addition, their perceptions of barriers to, and advantages of, using mobile devices were investigated. Data were analysed using Microsoft Excel and EpiInfo. Results: All students used their mobile device as telephones and used most of the sophisticated applications. There was significantly less usage made of medical applications, such as clinical guidelines and medical reference tools. Barriers were screen size, cost, limited memory and battery. Advantages were time-saving, ease of access and use. Few students (14 highlighted lack of institutional support as a problem. Conclusions: Lack of support does not mean lack of usage. It does, however, mean predominantly simple usage. Given the importance of mobile devices in modern medical practice, this has strong negative implications for the professional preparedness of students studying in such environments.

  13. Abstract Book of the NKS Workshop on Radioanalytical Chemistry, Risø, Roskilde, Denmark, 2-6th Sept. 2013

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    This report compiled all abstracts presented in the NKS Workshop on Radioanalytical Chemistry at Risø, Roskilde, Denmark in 2-6th Sept. 2013. Total 35 participants registered to the workshop, among them 18 from Sweden, 5 from Denmark, 3 from Finland, and 3 from Norway, there are also 6 participants from Germany, France, Slovenia, Korea, Turkey, and China. The workshop consists two part, 3 days lab practices and 2 days lectures/presentation. 3 lab practices were organized, i.e. (1) Radiochemical separation of Pu and ICP-MS measurement of Pu isotopes; (2) Radiochemical separation of 210Po and 226Ra and their alpha spectrometry measurement; and (3) Radiochemical separation of 55Fe, 63Ni, 90Sr and their LSC measurement. Among them, each participant can participate in 2 lab practices. 15 invited lectures are given by the experts in their specific fields, 8 oral and 6 poster presentations are given by the participants. The abstracts of all presentations are included in this report.

  14. Accreditation proposal for control systems in electrical engineering for 6th level in European Qualification Framework (EQF)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tsirigotis, Georgios; Friesel, Anna

    2013-01-01

    The progress of science and technology emphasizes the connection between different domains and disciplines. The technology development and changing demands of the labour market require upgrading and renewing of learning outcomes in higher education, especially in engineering fields. The Life Long Learning (LLL) procedure must be the platform offering the required qualifications for the demands of companies and engineering professionals all over the world in order to support their competitiveness. In this paper we describe an improved proposal for accreditation of one important subject in engineering, namely Control Systems. The described procedure could be applied in the frame of LLL and also in classical engineering education systems, such as university and college education, in order to harmonize the recognition of engineering degrees in Europe and outside the Europe. Furthermore we state the necessary learning outcomes in the subject of Control Systems in engineering at Bachelor level (6th level of European Qualification Framework (EQF) and propose a process to test the qualifications. © 2013 IEEE.

  15. Pupils’ Conception of Organic Foods and Healthy Eating in School : QUALITATIVE INSIGHTS FROM FOCUS GROUP INTERVIEWS WITH 5th AND 7th GRADE PUPILS IN A COPENHAGEN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Stine; Burkal, Anna

    2010-01-01

    Adult habits, including unhealthy eating patterns, are largely established during a person´s childhood and early youth. In this connection, public schools are important health promoting platforms due to their potential for encouraging interest, knowledge and learning about health related issues. The main aim of the study was to shed light on primary and lower secondary school pupils´ everyday experience with food, nutrition, ecology and health in connection to public organic school food, using the municipality of Copenhagen as a case. We have examined how a procurement and provision strategy that primarily originates from “backstage agents” such as engaged politicians and civil servants and governed by administrative priorities, is perceived among agents at the front stage arena - the school. Furthermore we have investigated to which degree the pupils experience a connection between the “organicness” of the food program and the underlying organic supply chain principles, and to which degree the pupils experience a connection between the “organicness” of the food program and classroom initiatives in subjects related to ecology and health. In February 2008, we approached a public school which proved willing to participate in our study. Subsequently, over a period of four weeks, we designed an interview guide used to conduct focus group interviews with pupils from grades 5 and 7, which were then transcribed. In general, pupils were very interested in ecology as a subject. However it seems that they do not see a very strong connection between the healthy, organic meals offered at school and class room activities related to health and ecology. The pupils did not feel that they had been involved in the decision to establish organic and healthy food procurement. As a result they held that they did not feel very committed or engaged in the school provision initiative, and the organic and healthy food procurement was not highly sought after on the part of the pupils. This appears to justify a distinction between the perspective that front stage actors have, including pupils, and the perspective of politicians and planners that operate back stage. The distance between these two stages, which tends to increase in large scale municipal school food systems, is an important challenge to address when planning school food interventions. There seems to be a potential for linking organic school food service more closely with curricular activities, and for linking issues of healthier eating and organic food supply. There is also a need for greater involvement of the pupils and other front stage actors when the food service system and food related curricular activities are planned.

  16. Electromeric effect of substitution at 6th position in 2-(Furan-2-yl)-3-hydroxy-4 H-chromen-4-one (FHC) on the absorption and emission spectra

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Manisha Bansal; Ranbir Kaur

    2015-03-01

    Five 3-Hydroxychromones (3HCs), namely, 2-(furan-2-yl)-3-hydroxy-4H-chromen-4-one (FHC) and its four derivatives by substitution of -CH3, -OH, -NO2 and -Cl at 6th position were synthesized from their corresponding 2’-hydroxyacetophenone and furan-2-carboxaldehyde. Various spectral transitions of all these 3-hydroxychromones (3-HCs) have been assigned by interpreting their absorption spectra in cyclohexane, acetonitrile and methanol. It has been shown that the electromeric effects of substitution at 2nd and 6th positions on the 2–3 double bond in `C’ ring are similar but the effect on the double bond of 4-carbonyl group is opposite. It has been found that the substitution at 2nd position changes mainly the electron density directly at the 4-carbonyl group and substitution at 6th position changes the electron density of the `C’ ring, changing the overall dipole moment of the molecule, which in turn changes the electron density at the 4-carbonyl group. Emission spectral studies showed that the increase and decrease in dipole moment by substitution at 6th position with electron withdrawing group like NO2 and electron donating group like -CH3 and -OH, stabilizes and destabilizes the N* state in the polar solvents respectively

  17. The Hetu'u Global Network: Measuring the Distance to the Sun Using the June 5th/6th Transit of Venus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faherty, Jacqueline K.; Rodriguez, David R.; Miller, Scott T.

    2012-01-01

    In the spirit of historic astronomical endeavors, we invited school groups across the globe to collaborate in a solar distance measurement using the rare June 5/6th transit of Venus. In total, we recruited 19 school groups spread over 6 continents and 10 countries to participate in our Hetu'u Global Network. Applying the methods of French…

  18. Perceived Norms and Social Values to Capture School Culture in Elementary and Middle School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galvan, Adriana; Spatzier, Agnieszka; Juvonen, Jaana

    2011-01-01

    The current study was designed to gain insights into shifting school culture by examining perceived peer group norms and social values across elementary and middle school grades. Perceived norms were assessed by asking participants (N = 605) to estimate how many grade mates were academically engaged, disengaged, and antisocial. To capture social…

  19. A Cross Age Study of Elementary Students' Motivation towards Science Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guvercin, Ozge; Tekkaya, Ceren; Sungur, Semra

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of grade level and gender on elementary school students' motivation towards science learning. A total of 2231 sixth and eight grade students participated in the study. Data were collected through Students' Motivation towards Science Learning Questionnaire. Two-way Multivariate Analysis of…

  20. Scott Foresman-Addison Wesley Elementary Mathematics. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2010

    2010-01-01

    "Scott Foresman-Addison Wesley Elementary Mathematics" is a core curriculum for students at all ability levels in prekindergarten through grade 6. The program supports students' understanding of key math concepts and skills and covers a range of mathematical content across grades. The What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) reviewed 12 studies on "Scott…

  1. Desarrollo funcional de competencias de producción de textos en alumnos con bajo desempeño en el último año de primaria / Functional development of competences in text production in of students with low performance in their last grade of elementary school

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Aldo, Bazán-Ramírez; Diana, Urbina-Pérez; Lorena, Domínguez-Márquez; María I., Mansillas-Cervantes; Itzel, Gómez-Manjarrez.

    Full Text Available Se presentan resultados de un estudio con evaluación pre y pos con tres grupos de comparación, realizado con el fin de probar tres tipos de estrategias de entrenamiento en producción de textos, las cuales son morfológica, jerárquica y funcionalmente distintas. Esto con la intención de promover tres [...] diferentes tipos de desligamiento funcional: intrasituacional, extrasituacional y transituacional. El programa de intervención fue implementado como taller de verano dirigido a 14 niños de sexto grado de una escuela primaria pública semi urbana, en el Estado de Morelos, México, con bajos niveles de desempeño en actividades de producción de textos. Las competencias de producción de textos fueron evaluadas con cuatro series de dos actividades: redactar reglamentos, redactar cuentos, elaborar párrafos descriptivos y escribir mensajes utilizando sinónimos. Para comparar los desempeños en evaluaciones antes y después, y entre grupos, fueron realizados análisis descriptivos de los promedios por grupo, utilizando un rango de valoración entre 0 y 4 por cada actividad. Asimismo fue probado un modelo de regresión estructural incluyendo como variable predictor a la situación experimental (grupo) y como variables a predecir, as cuatro competencias evaluadas. Los resultados mostraron que los niños del grupo transituacional mejoraron notablemente sus competencias de producción de textos en comparaciones pre y pos evaluación, asimismo, el modelo de regresión estructural mostró que en el post test la condición experimental tu un efecto significativo en los desempeños diferenciales, en tres de las cuatro competencias evaluadas. Abstract in english Preliminary results of a study with pre - post evaluation with three comparison groups are shown. This study has the purpose of testing three types of strategies for training in text production, which are morphologically, hierarchically and functionally different. This in order to promote three diff [...] erent types of functional relations: intrasituational, extrasituational and transituational. The intervention program was implemented as a summer workshop directed to 14 children of sixth grade in a semi urban area in the State of Morelos, Mexico, having low levels of performance in text production activities. The text production skills were assessed with four sets of two activities each one: writing regulations, writing stories, develop descriptive paragraphs and writing messages with use of synonymous. To compare the performance assessments before and after, and between groups, were descriptive analysis of group averages, using a valuation range between 0 and 4 for each activity. Also tested a structural regression model including as predictor variable to the experimental situation (group) and as variables to predict, the four skills evaluated. The results showed that the children of the transituacional group remarkably improved their competitions in text production from pre and post evaluations, furthermore, the structural regression model showed that in the post test, the experimental condition had a significant effect on the differential performance in three of the four skills assessed.

  2. CfDS 2006: the 6th European Dark-Skies Symposium, Portsmouth, 2006 September 15-16

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizon, R.

    2006-12-01

    The BAA's Campaign for Dark Skies took its turn in 2006 to stage the 6th European Dark-Skies Symposium, similar events having been held in previous years in Switzerland, Germany, France and Belgium. The event was the best attended to date, with more than 150 delegates from eleven European countries, the USA and even South Africa. Between sessions, delegates were given a tour of the night skies of the world in the South Downs Planetarium, where Dr John Mason simulated the effects of light pollution. This was followed by a visit to the Clanfield Observatory, courtesy of the Hampshire Astronomical Group, later in the evening, where the real night sky and a little real light pollution (!) were observed. The whole event was kindly sponsored by the BAA and Abacus Lighting Ltd. A principal aim of the two-day symposium was to advise planners and other decision-makers, and those who make, choose and install lighting, about the legal and moral issues surrounding light pollution. It is not, of course, the Campaign's intention to ban lighting, but to ensure that where outdoor lighting is required, it is designed and installed correctly, thereby causing little or no nuisance and reducing energy costs. These non-astronomical aspects were very much to the fore on the first day of the conference, which was opened by one of CfDS' best allies in Parliament, Lembit Opik MP. Mr Opik expressed his delight at seeing so many delegates, and confirmed his continuing support for the initiatives CfDS pursues within Parliament: for example its discussions with DEFRA on the subject of the proposed planning directive (PPS 23) on light pollution

  3. EU-funded malaria research under the 6th and 7th Framework Programmes for research and technological development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holtel, Andreas; Troye-Blomberg, Marita; Penas-Jimenez, Inmaculada

    2011-01-01

    While malaria research has traditionally been strong in Europe, targeted and sustained support for cooperative malaria research at EU level, namely through the EU's 6th and 7th Framework Programmes for research and technological development, FP6 (2002-2006) and FP7 (2007-2013), has boosted both impact and visibility of European malaria research. Most of the European malaria research community is now organized under a number of comprehensive and complementary research networks and projects, assembled around four key areas: (1) fundamental research on the malaria parasite and the disease, (2) development of new malaria drugs, (3) research and development of a malaria vaccine, and (4) research to control the malaria-transmitting mosquito vector. Considerable efforts were undertaken to ensure adequate participation of research groups from disease-endemic countries, in particular from Africa, with the long-term aim to strengthen cooperative links and research capacities in these countries. The concept of organizing European research through major strategic projects to form a "European Research Area" (ERA) was originally developed in the preparation of FP6, and ERA formation has now turned into a major EU policy objective explicitly inscribed into the Lisbon Treaty. EU-funded malaria research may serve as a showcase to demonstrate how ERA formation can successfully be implemented in a given area of science when several surrounding parameters converge to support implementation of this strategic concept: timely coincidence of political stimuli, responsive programming, a clearly defined--and well confined--area of research, and the readiness of the targeted research community who is well familiar with transnational cooperation at EU level. Major EU-funded malaria projects have evolved into thematic and organizational platforms that can collaborate with other global players. Europe may thus contribute more, and better, to addressing the global research agenda for malaria. PMID:21235784

  4. Elementary students' comprehension of place value concept

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Perihan Dinç Artut

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This study was an attempt to identify to what extent students at primary level in elementary education were able to grasp the Place Value Concept (PVC and to identify the types of errors of those students not able to grasp PVC. For this purpose, 728 primary school students at 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th grade levels were interviewed. In order to obtain data, semi-structured interview forms were used and each subject was interviewed individually. According to the results obtained, it was observed that the percentage of correct answers for questions related to PVC was low for all grade levels. The higher their levels of success were, the lower their proportion of errors. However, it was observed that all students had difficulties with questions regarding PVC. It was also seen that the difficulties were similar from the point of view of gender.

  5. Construction and validation of an instrument to assess the reading comprehension of students from the third to the fifth grades of elementary school / Construção e validação de instrumento de avaliação da compreensão de leitura para escolares do terceiro ao quinto ano do Ensino Fundamental

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Vera Lúcia Orlandi, Cunha; Simone Aparecida, Capellini.

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo construir e validar um instrumento de avaliação da compreensão de leitura a fim de caracterizar o perfil de leitura e detectar dificuldades de compreensão em escolares do terceiro ao quinto ano do Ensino Fundamental. Métodos: Participaram 378 escolares [...] divididos em trés grupos para avaliação da compreensão de proposições literais e inferenciais de micro e macroestruturas de dois textos expositivos e dois textos narrativos por meio de questões de múltipla escolha. Resultados: Os dados analisados estatisticamente indicaram valores do teste alfa de Cronbach apresentando consisténcia interna nos quatros textos aplicados para os trés grupos. Conclusão: Foi possível constatar que os escolares apresentaram menor número de erros com o aumento da escolarização e que cada tipo de texto apresentou uma dificuldade específica para os escolares. Abstract in english Purpose: In this study, we aimed at building and validating an instrument to assess reading comprehension, with the purpose of characterizing the reading profile and detecting comprehension difficulties among students from the third to the fifth grades of elementary school. Methods: Participan [...] ts were 378 students, divided into three groups. Their comprehension of micro- and macrostructural literal and inferential propositions that composed two expository texts and two narrative texts were assessed by means of multiple-choice questions. Results: The data analyzed statistically yielded Cronbach's alpha values showing internal consistency in the four texts applied to the three groups. Conclusion: It was possible to verify that the students had fewer errors as the school years progressed and that each type of text posed a particular difficulty to the students.

  6. A física nas séries iniciais (2ª a 5ª) do ensino fundamental: desenvolvimento e aplicação de um programa visando a qualificação de professores / The physics in the first four grades of elementary school: developing and applying a program for teachers qualification

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Felipe, Damasio; Maria Helena, Steffani.

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho descrevemos uma proposta para melhorar o ensino de física nas séries do ensino fundamental. Com este objetivo foi desenvolvido um programa que visa qualificar professores. O programa é estruturado em módulos, que contemplam diversos instrumentos e estratégias pedagógicas. Cada módulo [...] começa com aulas de laboratório, seguido de uma interação em sala de aula com textos que abordam história da ciência, física do cotidiano e discussão de conceitos físicos. Por fim, cada módulo utiliza recursos multimídia, disponíveis na internet. O programa foi aplicado em curso de extensão da UFRGS para doze professoras do Colégio São Bento, em Criciúma, SC, e em minicurso no II Encontro Estadual de Ensino de Física no Instituto de Física da UFRGS. As professoras do Colégio São Bento aplicaram os conteúdos de física aos alunos das séries iniciais do ensino fundamental através de oficinas intituladas "Física para Crianças" e fizeram adaptações, quando necessárias, para adequar os conteúdos e estratégias aos interesses e características dos estudantes. Abstract in english In this paper we describe a proposal to improve the teaching of physics in the first four grades of elementary school. With this aim was developed a teachers qualification program. The program is structured in parts which include several instruments and pedagogic strategies. Each part starts with la [...] boratory classes followed by class interaction with texts specially produced to the project. These texts contains science history, everyday physics and introduction to physical concepts. Then multimedia recourses available in the internet are used. The program was applied in an extension course at Federal University of Rio Grande so Sul (UFRGS) to twelve teachers of Colégio São Bento, at Criciuma, SC. It was also used in a course in the II Encontro Estadual de Ensino de Física at Instituto de Física/UFRGS. The teachers of Colégio São Bento applied the physics content to children workshops entitled "Physics to Children" and made adaptations, when necessary, to adequate the content and strategies to the pupils interests and characteristics.

  7. O ensino de física nas séries iniciais do ensino fundamental na rede municipal de ensino do Recife segundo os seus docentes / Physics teaching in the initial grades of elementary school in the rede municipal de ensino do Recife by their teachers

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Micaías Andrade, Rodrigues; Francimar Martins, Teixeira.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho investiga como esta o ensino de física nos 4º e 5º anos do Ensino Fundamental (EF) na Rede Municipal de Ensino do Recife. Para realizá-lo contamos com 145 questionários respondidos por docentes do EF I desta rede, espalhados por toda a cidade. Estes questionários nos mostram que existe [...] uma política real de escolha do livro didático de ciencias; que a carga horária semanal dispensada para a disciplina ciencias e, na sua maioria de duas horas e a maioria dos docentes acredita ser suficiente; que o material mais utilizado para a preparação da aula é mesmo o livro didático, mas são utilizados outros como revistas, musicas etc; mais da metade dos docentes, embora considerem a física relevante aos seus alunos, não gostam de abordá-la em sala e sentem-se inseguros para fazê-lo; os assuntos mais trabalhados de física são o eletromagnetismo, energia e física térmica e apresenta algumas sugestões dos professores para a melhoria do ensino de ciencias. Abstract in english This paper investigates how is the physics teaching in the forth and fifth years of elementary school in the Rede Municipal de Ensino do Recife. To realize it we have 145 questionnaires answered by teachers of initial grade of this network, spread throughout the city. These questionnaires showed tha [...] t there is a real political choice of textbook science; that the weekly waived for the subject Science is mostly of two hours and the majority of teachers believed to be sufficient; the material most used to preparation of the lesson is the textbook, but others are used as magazines, music, etc.; more than half of teachers, although considering the Physics relevant to their students, do not like to approach it in class and they feel insecure to do it; the subjects more worked of Physics are electromagnetism, energy and thermal physics and presents some suggestions for teachers to improve Science teaching.

  8. Fractions in elementary education

    CERN Document Server

    Quinn, Frank

    2013-01-01

    This paper is one of a series in which elementary-education practice is analyzed by comparison with the history of mathematics, mathematical structure, modern practice, and (occasionally) cognitive neuroscience. The primary concerns are: Why do so many children find elementary mathematics difficult? And, why are the ones who succeed still so poorly prepared for college material needed for technical careers? The answer provided by conventional wisdom is essentially that mathematics is difficult. Third-graders are not developmentally ready for the subtlety of fractions, for instance, and even high-performing students cannot be expected to develop the skills of experienced users. However we will see that this is far from the whole story and is probably wrong: elementary-education fractions are genuinely harder and less effective than the version employed by experienced users. Experts discard at least 90% of what is taught in schools. Our educational system is actually counterproductive for skill development, and...

  9. Logic in elementary mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Exner, Robert M

    2011-01-01

    This applications-related introductory treatment explores facets of modern symbolic logic useful in the exposition of elementary mathematics. The authors convey the material in a manner accessible to those trained in standard elementary mathematics but lacking any formal background in logic. Topics include the statement calculus, proof and demonstration, abstract mathematical systems, and the restricted predicate calculus. The final chapter draws upon the methods of logical reasoning covered in previous chapters to develop solutions of linear and quadratic equations, definitions of order and

  10. Elementary number theory

    CERN Document Server

    Dudley, Underwood

    2008-01-01

    Ideal for a first course in number theory, this lively, engaging text requires only a familiarity with elementary algebra and the properties of real numbers. Author Underwood Dudley, who has written a series of popular mathematics books, maintains that the best way to learn mathematics is by solving problems. In keeping with this philosophy, the text includes nearly 1,000 exercises and problems-some computational and some classical, many original, and some with complete solutions. The opening chapters offer sound explanations of the basics of elementary number theory and develop the fundamenta

  11. Elementary cycles of time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dolce Donatello

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Elementary particles, i.e. the basic constituents of nature, are characterized by quantum recurrences in time. The flow of time of every physical system can be therefore decomposed in elementary cycles of time. This allows us to enforce the local nature of relativistic time, yielding interesting unified descriptions of fundamental aspects of modern physics, as shown in recent publications. Every particle can be regarded as a reference clock with time resolution of the order of the Compton time particle, many orders of magnitude more accurate than the atomic clocks. Here we report basic implications about the resulting notion of time.

  12. Elementary classical hydrodynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Chirgwin, B H; Langford, W J; Maxwell, E A; Plumpton, C

    1967-01-01

    Elementary Classical Hydrodynamics deals with the fundamental principles of elementary classical hydrodynamics, with emphasis on the mechanics of inviscid fluids. Topics covered by this book include direct use of the equations of hydrodynamics, potential flows, two-dimensional fluid motion, waves in liquids, and compressible flows. Some general theorems such as Bernoulli's equation are also considered. This book is comprised of six chapters and begins by introducing the reader to the fundamental principles of fluid hydrodynamics, with emphasis on ways of studying the motion of a fluid. Basic c

  13. Acceleration: It's Elementary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, Mariam

    2012-01-01

    Acceleration is one tool for providing high-ability students the opportunity to learn something new every day. Some people talk about acceleration as taking a student out of step. In actuality, what one is doing is putting a student in step with the right curriculum. Whole-grade acceleration, also called grade-skipping, usually happens between…

  14. Sixth Grade Students’ Success Levels on Algebra Learning Domain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tevfik AVCU

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this study was to determine sixth grade students? success levels on algebra learning domain. Semi-structured interview technique was used in this qualitative research study. Work group of the study consists of 6 sixth grade students in a primary school in Eski?ehir. These students were selected according to their mathematics success levels as there were one girl and one boy in every level. A test which contains four questions about building and solving equations was used for collecting data. Descriptive survey model was used in this study. The content analyze method was used for analyzing data. According to the results of the study, while students have some problems about building and solving equations, they have no problems about representation and preservation of equality. Based on the results some suggestions about teaching algebra in the 6th grade were included.

  15. Elementary charges in classical electrodynamics

    OpenAIRE

    KAPU'{S}CIK, Edward

    1999-01-01

    In the framework of classical electrodynamics elementary particles are treated as capacitors. The electrostatic potentials satisfy equations of the Schrödinger type. An interesting "quantization condition" for elementary charges is derived.

  16. Factors Contributing to Plate Waste among Elementary School Children in Tokyo, Japan: Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abe, Keina; Akamatsu, Rie

    2013-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify the aspects of the Theory of Planned Behavior with the greatest relevance to plate waste (PW) among elementary school children in Tokyo, Japan. Methods: A total of 111 fifth- and sixth-grade students at an elementary school in Tokyo, Japan responded to a self-report questionnaire. The…

  17. Mars Rover Model Celebration: Using Planetary Exploration To Enrich STEM Teaching In Elementary And Middle School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bering, E. A.; Ramsey, J.; Dominey, W.; Kapral, A.; Carlson, C.; Konstantinidis, I.; James, J.; Sweaney, S.; Mendez, R.

    2011-12-01

    The present aerospace engineering and science workforce is ageing. It is not clear that the US education system will produce enough qualified replacements to meet the need in the near future. Unfortunately, by the time many students get to high school, it is often too late to get them pointed toward an engineering or science career. Since some college programs require 6 units of high school mathematics for admission, students need to begin consciously preparing for a science or engineering curriculum as early as 6th or 7th grade. The challenge for educators is to convince elementary school students that science and engineering are both exciting, relevant and accessible career paths. The recent NASA Mars Rover missions capture the imagination of children, as NASA missions have done for decades. The University of Houston is in the process of developing a prototype of a flexible program that offers children an in-depth educational experience culminating in the design and construction of their own model rover. The existing prototype program is called the Mars Rover Model Celebration. It focuses on students, teachers and parents in grades 3-8. Students will design and build a model of a Mars rover to carry out a student selected science mission on the surface of Mars. The model will be a mock-up, constructed at a minimal cost from art supplies. The students will build the models as part of a project on Mars. The students will be given design criteria for a rover and will do basic research on Mars that will determine the objectives and features of their rover. This project may be used either informally as an after school club or youth group activity or formally as part of a class studying general science, earth science, solar system astronomy or robotics, or as a multi-disciplinary unit for a gifted and talented program. The program culminates in a capstone event held at the University of Houston (or other central location in the other communities that will be involved) where the best models from each school or group are brought together for a celebratory showcase exhibit and judging. The project's unique strength lies in engaging students in the process of spacecraft design and interesting them in aerospace engineering careers. The project is aimed at elementary and secondary education. Not only will these students learn about scientific fields relevant to the mission (space science, physics, geology, robotics, and more), they will gain an appreciation for how this knowledge is used to tackle complex problems. The low cost of the event makes it an ideal enrichment vehicle for low income schools. It provides activities that provide professional development to educators, curricular support resources using NASA Science Mission Directorate (SMD) content, and provides family opportunities for involvement in K-12 student learning.

  18. Time of elementary processes -II-

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper gives some themes: time as defined by dynamic equations, time in quantum, relativistic and causal description given to elementary processes, invariance of dynamic equations in the PCT transformation, invariance in time direction inversion in quantum physic, invariances violation by P, C and T in elementary processes studies, relativity and antiparticles, time and histories in elementary processes. (A.B.)

  19. Elementary moves on triangulations

    OpenAIRE

    Ludwig, Monika; Reitzner, Matthias

    2005-01-01

    It is proved that a triangulation of a polyhedron can always be transformed into any other triangulation of the polyhedron by using only elementary moves. One consequence is that an additive function (valuation) defined only on simplices may always be extended to an additive function on all polyhedra.

  20. Generalized elementary functions.

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Monteiro, Giselle Antunes; Slavík, A.

    2014-01-01

    Ro?. 411, ?. 2 (2014), s. 838-852. ISSN 0022-247X Institutional support: RVO:67985840 Keywords : elementary functions * Kurzweil-Stieltjes integral * generalized linear ordinary differential equations * time scale calculus Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 1.120, year: 2014 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022247X13009141

  1. PLATO Elementary Reading Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illinois Univ., Urbana. Computer-Based Education Research Lab.

    The PLATO Elementary Reading Curriculum (PERC), a computer based instructional program, is presented in this report. The aims of the PERC staff were to: (1) build a complete computer based reading curriculum designed to bring students from illiteracy to literacy; (2) design into the curriculum structure the possibility for use in a wide range of…

  2. Developing Korean Academy of Medical Sciences Guideline for rating the impairment in mental and behavioral disorders; a comparative study of KNPA's new guidelines and AMA's 6th Guides.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryu, Seong Gon; Hong, Narei; Jung, Han Yong; Hwang, Sun-Chul; Jung, Han-Young; Jeong, Dushin; Rah, Ueon Woo; Suh, Dong-Soo

    2009-05-01

    Quantifying and rating the impairments due to mental and behavior disorders are difficult for their own characteristics. Korean Academy of Medical Sciences (KAMS) is developing guidelines of rating impairment in mental and behavioral disorders based on Korean Neuropsychiatric Association (KNPA)'s new guidelines. We compared the new KNPA's guidelines and the American Medical Association (AMA)'s 6th Guides in assessing impairment due to mental and behavioral disorders to develop new guidelines of KAMS. Two guidelines are different in diagnosing system, applicable disorders, qualification of assessors, application of scales, contents of assessment and rate of impairment of the whole person. Both AMA's and the proposed guidelines have individual merits and characteristics. There is a limitation in using the 6th AMA's Guides in Korean situation. However to improve objectivity in Korean assessment of psychiatric impairment, the new AMA's Guides can serve as a good reference. PMID:19503692

  3. The purple Codex Rossanensis: spectroscopic characterization and first evidence of the use of the elderberry lake in a 6th century manuscript

    CERN Document Server

    Bicchieri, Marina

    2014-01-01

    The Codex Rossanensis is a 6th century Bizantine illuminated manuscript written on purple parchment and conserved at the Museo Diocesano in Rossano Calabro, Italy. It is one of the oldest surviving illuminated manuscripts of the New Testament. The challenge of the analysis of the Codex Rossanensis lies in the lack of analytical information on the pictorial media used in the Early Middle Ages. Even though old-medieval illuminated manuscripts have been deeply studied from the historical standpoint, they have been rarely described in their material composition. This paper presents the results obtained during the measurements campaign (June 2012 - November 2013). The spectroscopic analyses performed by Raman, micro-FTIR and XRF allowed for the complete characterization of the pictorial palette, the inks, the support and the material used in a previous restoration treatment. To the author knowledge the article shows the first experimental evidence of the usage of the elderberry lake in a 6th century illuminated ma...

  4. A graph theoretic approach to graded identities

    CERN Document Server

    Haile, Darrell

    2011-01-01

    We consider the algebra M_k(C) of k-by-k matrices over the complex numbers and view it as a crossed product with a group G of order k by embedding G in the symmetric group S_k via the regular representation and embedding S_k in M_k(C) in the usual way. This induces a natural G-grading on M_k(C) which we call a crossed product grading. This grading is the so called elementary grading defined by any k-tuple (g_1,g_2,..., g_k) of distinct elements g_i in G. We study the graded polynomial identities for M_k(C) equipped with a crossed product grading. To each multilinear monomial in the free graded algebra we associate a directed labeled graph. This approach allows us to give new proofs of known results of Bahturin and Drensky on the generators of the T-ideal of identities and the Amitsur-Levitsky Theorem. Our most substantial new result is the determination of the asymptotic formula for the G-graded codimension of M_k(C).

  5. Inspired by Fieldwork: A Teacher Research Experience Energizes and Ignites a Group of Elementary Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munroe, C. H.

    2010-12-01

    Through involvement in authentic research experiences teachers improve their content knowledge, deepen their understanding of the research process, and rejuvenate their interest in science. These positive results of fieldwork transfer into the classroom, directly benefiting students. The ARMADA project provided me with a three week research experience aboard the Amundsen (Canadian Coast Guard science vessel) which enriched and strengthened me professionally. Guided by master and early career scientists, I took part in specific research techniques and deep scientific discourse. My immersion in ocean science was so stimulating that I was inspired to share that excitement with my students. The fascination my students showed for basic experiments and ocean related activities fueled my interest further and I began to research more deeply which led to Climate Literacy and Polar Studies as essentials in my science curriculum. Over the following years I continued to expand and refine the workshops and activities students take part in. Three years after the research experience students still love the science explorations we embark upon together. This past year a group of students became so excited about Polar Science and Climate that they authored a 36 page non fiction book for upper elementary and middle school students entitled, "Changing Poles, Changing Planet: Climate Change vs. The Earth". Seven of the authors decided to continue their science outreach work by creating an educational video focusing on the basics of climate science and what children can do to lower carbon emissions. The book and video were distributed to educators as well as scientists at the International Polar Year Science Conference in June, 2010. In August some of these students presented their work at a Sustainability festival that was organized by M-CAN a local climate action group. Two of these students (who have left my class and started 6th grade at the middle school)recently decided to form a Climate Club and their goal is to continue to research and teach others about climate science. Their enthusiasm and desire to teach others is a result of exposure to authentic science issues in school and my research experience is what changed the way I teach science which made this possible.

  6. Medical students’ skills in image interpretation before and after training: A comparison between 3rd-year and 6th-year students from two different medical curricula

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of this study was to assess student's performance in the interpretation of images before and after training in radiology, by comparing two groups, 6th-year and 3rd-year students, from two different medical curricula. Students participated in an anonymous evaluation consisting of the interpretation of 12 radiological images accompanied with the salient history and clinical data by answering 60 open-ended questions about technique, anatomy, semiology, and clinics. The number of correct, incorrect and blank responses of each group was used to compare pre- and post-training results. Unpaired two-sample t-test was used to evaluate differences between groups. A significant increase in correct responses was found in both groups after training. The comparison between both groups did not show differences for incorrect answers of the whole test and correct answers about anatomy in the pre-training evaluation. The percentage of correct answers to the median question improved from 15.5% to 53.3% for 6th-year students and from 8.3% to 41.1% for 3rd-year students. The post-training evaluation showed a significant increase of correct answers of 6th-year students with respect to 3rd-year students (mean ± standard deviation 53.6 ± 31.3% and 38.7 ± 29.9% respectively), mainly due to differences in technical and clinical questions. This study provides objective and quantitative evidence of pre- and post-training student skills in image interpretation. The similarities found in the previous level of knowledge and skills of both groups emphasizes the suitable change of the first-time training in radiology, from the 6th to the 3rd year course in medical curricula.

  7. Medical students’ skills in image interpretation before and after training: A comparison between 3rd-year and 6th-year students from two different medical curricula

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sendra-Portero, Francisco, E-mail: sendra@uma.es [Departamento de Radiología y Medicina Física, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Málaga, Boulevar Louis Pasteur, 32, 29071 Málaga (Spain); Torales-Chaparro, Oscar E., E-mail: oetjft@terra.es [Departamento de Radiología y Medicina Física, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Málaga, Boulevar Louis Pasteur, 32, 29071 Málaga (Spain); Ruiz-Gómez, Miguel J., E-mail: mjrg@uma.es [Departamento de Radiología y Medicina Física, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Málaga, Boulevar Louis Pasteur, 32, 29071 Málaga (Spain)

    2012-12-15

    The purpose of this study was to assess student's performance in the interpretation of images before and after training in radiology, by comparing two groups, 6th-year and 3rd-year students, from two different medical curricula. Students participated in an anonymous evaluation consisting of the interpretation of 12 radiological images accompanied with the salient history and clinical data by answering 60 open-ended questions about technique, anatomy, semiology, and clinics. The number of correct, incorrect and blank responses of each group was used to compare pre- and post-training results. Unpaired two-sample t-test was used to evaluate differences between groups. A significant increase in correct responses was found in both groups after training. The comparison between both groups did not show differences for incorrect answers of the whole test and correct answers about anatomy in the pre-training evaluation. The percentage of correct answers to the median question improved from 15.5% to 53.3% for 6th-year students and from 8.3% to 41.1% for 3rd-year students. The post-training evaluation showed a significant increase of correct answers of 6th-year students with respect to 3rd-year students (mean ± standard deviation 53.6 ± 31.3% and 38.7 ± 29.9% respectively), mainly due to differences in technical and clinical questions. This study provides objective and quantitative evidence of pre- and post-training student skills in image interpretation. The similarities found in the previous level of knowledge and skills of both groups emphasizes the suitable change of the first-time training in radiology, from the 6th to the 3rd year course in medical curricula.

  8. Guided-Inquiry Lessons Raise Scores on the Sixth Grade Georgia Science Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Page, Purlie M.

    At the local level, G Middle School has the highest district-wide percentage of 6th grade science students who are not meeting standards. It is imperative that G middle school take corrective action to reduce the number of students failing to meet state science standards. Dewey's theory of conceptual framework, which involves knowledge constructed on a person's personal experience and mind activity through active forms of learning, guided this study. The goal of the study was to determine whether inquiry-based science modules produce greater 6th grade science achievement, as measured by an equivalent instrument of the science section of the Georgia Criterion-Referenced Competency Test, when compared to traditional instruction among eastern Georgia 6th graders. The sample consisted of 230 students in the nonintervention group and 119 students in the intervention group. All students were from intact classes. At the end of the intervention, an independent t test was conducted to analyze the scores. According to the study t test, (t = 12.33, df = 304.56, p student motivation towards, comprehension of, and interest in science concepts. At the local level, these inquiry lessons can be shared with science teachers across grade levels and within the district to improve county-wide science scores. An increase in student interest and comprehension of science concepts could ultimately lead to the United States producing more students in the fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education.

  9. Differentiated Instruction: Principles and Techniques for the Elementary Grades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Good, Melinda E.

    2006-01-01

    Differentiated instruction is an educational approach that adjusts instruction to accommodate individual students' needs, rather than beginning at a predetermined set point. This approach is meant to increase both student learning and motivation. Because traditional instruction tends to "teach to the middle," or primarily focus on reaching average…

  10. Children's motivation in elementary physical education: a longitudinal study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Ping; McBride, Ron; Guan, Jianmin

    2004-03-01

    The present study examined relationships among variables drawn from achievement goal theory and the expectancy-value model of achievement choice as well as mean level changes of these variables over time in elementary physical education. Participants (N = 207) completed questionnaires over a 2-year period: once while in the second and fourth grades and again when they were in the third and fifth grades. Results indicated that achievement goals, expectancy-related beliefs, and subjective task values were related to one another and were predictive of children's intention for future participation in physical education. Children's subjective task values of physical education decreased over time. Children in Cohort 1 (across second to third grades) generally had stronger motivation for learning in physical education than children in Cohort 2 (across fourth to fifth grades). Findings suggest the importance of integrating achievement goal theory and the expectancy-value model of achievement choice in understanding student motivation. PMID:15532363

  11. Effect of 5E instructional model in student success in primary school 6th year circulatory system topic

    OpenAIRE

    Osman CARDAK; Musa DIKMENLI; Ozge SARITAS

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study is to research the effect of the 5E instructional model on primary (sixth grade) student success during the circulatory system unit. This study was conducted with 38 students in two different classes by the same researcher in 2006-2007. One of the classes was assigned as the control group and the other as the experimental group. Appropriate activities using the 5E instructional model were used in the experimental group, while traditional teaching using question and answe...

  12. EFFECTS OF A NUTRITION EDUCATION PROGRAM ON THE DIETARY BEHAVIOR AND NUTRITION KNOWLEDGE OF SECOND-GRADE AND THIRD-GRADE STUDENTS

    Science.gov (United States)

    This research investigated the effects of a nutrition education program on dietary behavior and nutrition knowledge among elementary school-aged children participating in a Social Cognitive Theory-based nutrition education program. Participants included 1100 second-grade and third-grade students sel...

  13. SB6.0: The 6th International meeting on Synthetic Biology, July 9-11, 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kahl, Linda J. [BioBricks Foundation

    2015-04-23

    The Synthetic Biology conference series (SBx.0) is the preeminent academic meeting in synthetic biology. Organized by the BioBricks Foundation, the SBx.0 conference series brings together leading researchers, students, industry executives, and policy makers from around the world to share, consider, debate, and plan efforts to make biology easier to engineer. Historically held every two years, the SBx.0 conferences are held in alternating locations in the United States, Europe, and Asia to encourage global participation and collaboration so that the ramifications of synthetic biology research and development are most likely to be safe ethical, and beneficial. On 9-11 July 2013, the 6th installment of the synthetic biology conference series (SB6.0) was held on the campus of Imperial College London (http://sb6.biobricks.org). The SB6.0 conference was attended by over 700 people, and many more were able to participate via video digital conference (http://sb6.biobricks.org/digital-conference/). Over the course of three days, the SB6.0 conference agenda included plenary sessions, workshops, and poster presentations covering topics ranging from the infrastructure needs arising when “Systematic Engineering Meets Biological Complexity” and design-led considerations for “Connecting People and Technologies” to discussions on “Engineering Biology for New Materials,” “Assessing Risk and Managing Biocontainment,” and “New Directions for Energy and Sustainability.” The $10,150 grant awarded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DE-SC0010233) to the BioBricks Foundation was used to provide partial reimbursement for the travel expenses of leading researchers from the United States to speak at the SB6.0 conference. A total of $9,450 was used to reimburse U.S. speakers for actual expenses related to the SB6.0 conference, including airfare (economy or coach only), ground transportation, hotel, and registration fees. In addition, $700 of the grant was used to offset direct administrative costs associated with selecting speakers (preparing announcements, evaluating abstract submissions) and handling travel arrangements. Leading U.S. researchers selected to speak at the SB6.0 conference included: Adam Arkin, Ph.D. Division Director of the Physical Biosciences Division at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and Professor in the Department of Bioengineering at UC Berkeley Jay Keasling, Ph.D. Professor in the Department of Bioengineering at Berkeley, Senior Faculty Scientist and Associate Laboratory Director of the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and Chief Executive Officer of the Joint BioEnergy Institute. Debra Mathews, Ph.D. Assistant Director for Science Programs for the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics, Assistant Professor in the Department of Pediatrics, and Affiliate Faculty in the McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. Richard Murray, Ph.D. Thomas E. and Doris Everhart Professor of Control & Dynamical Systems and Bioengineering at Caltech. Sarah Richardson, Ph.D. Distinguished Postdoctoral Fellow in Genomics at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute. and others (for a complete listing of speakers presenting at the SB6.0 conference see http://sb6.biobricks.org/speakers/) The SB6.0 conference was the largest synthetic biology conference to date, and highlights of the SB6.0 conference have been published in a special issue of ACS Synthetic Biology (http://pubs.acs.org/toc/asbcd6/3/3). The BioBricks Foundation appreciates the support of the U.S. Department of Energy in helping to make this most influential and important conference in the field of synthetic biology a success.

  14. Improving science inquiry with elementary students of diverse backgrounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuevas, Peggy; Lee, Okhee; Hart, Juliet; Deaktor, Rachael

    2005-03-01

    This study examined the impact of an inquiry-based instructional intervention on (a) children's ability to conduct science inquiry overall and to use specific skills in inquiry, and (b) narrowing the gaps in children's ability among demographic subgroups of students. The intervention consisted of instructional units, teacher workshops, and classroom practices. The study involved 25 third- and fourth-grade students from six elementary schools representing diverse linguistic and cultural groups. Quantitative results demonstrated that the intervention enhanced the inquiry ability of all students regardless of grade, achievement, gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status (SES), home language, and English proficiency. Particularly, low-achieving, low-SES, and English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) exited students made impressive gains. The study adds to the existing literature on designing learning environments that foster science inquiry of all elementary students.

  15. Elementary linear algebra

    CERN Document Server

    Andrilli, Stephen

    2010-01-01

    Elementary Linear Algebra develops and explains in careful detail the computational techniques and fundamental theoretical results central to a first course in linear algebra. This highly acclaimed text focuses on developing the abstract thinking essential for further mathematical study. The authors give early, intensive attention to the skills necessary to make students comfortable with mathematical proofs. The text builds a gradual and smooth transition from computational results to general theory of abstract vector spaces. It also provides flexbile coverage of practical applications, expl

  16. ELEMENTARY PARTICLE INTERACTIONS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    EFREMENKO, YURI; HANDLER, THOMAS; KAMYSHKOV, YURI; SIOPSIS, GEORGE; SPANIER, STEFAN

    2013-07-30

    The High-Energy Elementary Particle Interactions group at UT during the last three years worked on the following directions and projects: Collider-based Particle Physics; Neutrino Physics, particularly participation in “NO?A”, “Double Chooz”, and “KamLAND” neutrino experiments; and Theory, including Scattering amplitudes, Quark-gluon plasma; Holographic cosmology; Holographic superconductors; Charge density waves; Striped superconductors; and Holographic FFLO states.

  17. Using Data Modeling at the Elementary Level to Make Sense of Doing Mathematics and Science

    OpenAIRE

    Henningsen, Marjorie; Ibrahim, Nisreen

    2012-01-01

    In this workshop, participants engaged with and reflected on authentic artifacts from data modeling projects related to the solar system and to deforestation that were completed by elementary students in grade 5 (average age 11). These authentic examples were used to ground a discussion of using a data modeling approach to help elementary students make sense of and meaningful integrated use of mathematics and science concepts and tools. School-based ways of helping teachers understand this ap...

  18. Sleep Duration and Overweight among Elementary Schoolchildren:A Population-based Study in Japan

    OpenAIRE

    Ochiai, Hirotaka; Shirasawa,Takako; Shimada,Naoki; Ohtsu,Tadahiro; Nishimura,Rimei; Morimoto,Aya; Hoshino,Hiromi; Tajima,Naoko; Kokaze, Akatsuki

    2012-01-01

    Although a number of studies have investigated the relationship of sleep duration to overweight and obesity, studies conducted among population-based elementary schoolchildren have been limited in Japan. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between sleep duration and overweight among elementary schoolchildren in Japan. The study subjects were all fourth-grade schoolchildren (9 or 10 years of age) in Ina-town, Saitama Prefecture, Japan from 1999 to 2008. Information...

  19. Amounts served and consumed of school lunch differed by gender in Japanese elementary schools

    OpenAIRE

    Nozue, Miho; Yoshita, Katsushi; Jun, Kyungyul; Ishihara, Yoko; Taketa, Yasuko; Naruse, Akiko; Nagai, Narumi; Ishida, Hiromi

    2010-01-01

    School lunches serve to improve nutritional status and to promote the health of children. The purpose of this study was to investigate the portion sizes of school lunches served and consumed in Japanese elementary schools. In addition, gender difference in servings and consumption were also studied. A cross-sectional study was undertaken between October 2007 and February 2008 in schools located in Tokyo and Okayama, Japan. A total of 192 fifth-grade children attending four elementary schools ...

  20. Teaching marine science to the next generation: Innovative programs for 6th”8th Graders gain momentum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tebbens, S. F.; Coble, P. G.; Greely, T.

    Three educational outreach programs designed for middle school students (grades 6, 7, and 8) by faculty at the University of South Florida (USF) Department of Marine Science are turning kids onto science. The programs are bringing marine science research and its various technologies into the classroom, where students follow up with hands-on activities. Project Oceanography (PO) is an interactive broadcast that exposes students to the concepts and tools of current marine science research. The Oceanography Camp for Girls (OCG) boosts girls' curiosity and interest in science and nature. And teachers become better equipped to present current marine science topics and technology to their students at the Teachers Oceanography Workshop (TOW). All of the programs created by USF are provided at no cost to students or their institutions.

  1. An Analysis of the Learning Activities Covered in the 5th Grade Science Textbooks Based on 2005 and 2013 Turkish Science Curricula

    OpenAIRE

    Aydogdu, Cemil; Idin, Sahin

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to analyze the learning activities covered in 5th grade elementary science textbooks which depend on 2005 and 2013 elementary science curricula. Two elementary science textbooks depends on 2005 science curriculum and two elementary science textbooks depend on 2013 science curriculum were researched. The study is a qualitative research and the data were analysed through the document analysis technique. The findings revealed that textbooks based on 2005 science curricul...

  2. After Two Years, Three Elementary Math Curricula Outperform a Fourth. NCEE Evaluation Brief. NCEE 2013-4019

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agodini, Roberto; Harris, Barbara; Seftor, Neil; Remillard, Janine; Thomas, Melissa

    2013-01-01

    This brief aims to help educators understand the implications of math curriculum choice in the early elementary grades by presenting new findings from a study that examined how four math curricula affect students' achievement across two years--from 1st through 2nd grades. The four curricula were (1) Investigations in Number, Data, and Space…

  3. Using First-Grade Teacher Ratings to Predict Third-Grade English Language Arts and Mathematics Achievement on a High-Stakes Statewide Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Dorinda J. GALLANT

    2013-01-01

    Early childhood professional organizations support teachers as the best assessors of students’ academic, social, emotional, and physical development. This study investigates the predictive nature of teacher ratings of first-grade students’ performance on a standards-based curriculum-embedded performance assessment within the context of a state accountability system. The sample includes 4292 elementary school students cross-classified by 131 first-grade and 137 third-grade schools attended. Th...

  4. Evaluation of Developmental Delay in Infants Who Came in for 6th Month Vaccination in Isfahan City Health Centers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omid YAGHINI

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available How to Cite this Article: Yaghini O, Danesh F, Mahmoudian T, Beigi B. Evaluation of Developmental Delay in Infants Who Came in for 6th Month Vaccination in Isfahan City Health Centers. Iran J Child Neurol 2012;6(2: 29-32. Objective Developmental delay is one of the most common causes of conferring the pediatric neurologist. The main part of neurological growth and development occur in the first two years especially in the first 6 months of life. Metabolic or skeletal diseases are important causes of developmental delay. Early diagnosis of deviance from the normal diagram of development in lower ages is important. Materials & Methods Specific ages and stages questionnaires (ASQ for 6 months was completed in the health centers for 800 infants conferring for their vaccination in Isfahan and the retest was performed at 24 months of age by ASQ and then these two questionnaires were compared. Results 10.5% of the infants were delayed in at least one domain. At 24 months, 38.4% of them remained delayed; 21.1% in one domain, 9.6% in two domains, 3.8% in four domains and 3.8% in five domains. Of the children who had problem in communication, 20%; in gross motor, 25%; in fine motor, 20%; and in problem solving, 30% remained delayed. In the personal social domain, none of the delayed children at 6 months remained delayed at 24 months. Conclusion ASQ is feasible, inexpensive, easy to use and was appreciated by the parents. It can be used as a screening test for detection of developmental delay in lower ages, but its results must be followed by other standard tests or diagnostic tools.References Lewis R, Palfreg GS. The infant or young child with developmental delay. The New England J Med 1994;330:478-83.Cleary MA, Green A. Developmental Delay: when to suspect and how to investigate for an inborn error of metabolism. Arch Dis Child2005;90(11:1128-32.Schendel DE, Stockbauer JW, Hoffman HJ, Herman AA, Berg CJ, Schrann WF. Relation between very low birth weight and developmental delay among preschool children without disabilities. Am J Epidemiol 1997;146(9:740-9.Zimmer MH, Panko LM. Developmental status and service use among children in the child welfare system. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2006;160(2:183-8.Michael V. Johston, Encephalopathy in Nelson text book of pediatrics 181 E . 2007.Platt, MJ, Cans C, Johnson A, Surman G, Topp M, et al. Trends in cerebral palsy among infants of very low birth weight (<1500 g or born prematurely (<32 weeks in 16 European centres: a database study. Lancet 2007; 369(9555:43-50.Robertson CM, Watt MJ, Yasui Y. Changes in the prevalence of cerebral palsy for children born very prematurely within a population-based program over 30 years. JAMA. 2007;297(24:2733-40.Lindsay NM, Healy GN, Colditz PB, Lingwood BE. Use of the Ages and Stages Questionnaire to predict outcome after hypoxic–ischemic encephalopathy in the neonate. J Pediatr Child Health 2008; 44(10:590-5.Yu LM, Hey E, Doyle LW, Farrell B, Spark P, Altman DG et al. Evaluation of the Ages and Stages Questionnaires in identifying children with neurosensory disability in the Magpie Trial follow-up study. Acta Paediatr 2007;96(12:1803-8. 10.  Squires J, Bricker D, Potter L. Revision of a parent completed development screening tool: Ages and Stages Questionnaires. J Pediatr Psychol. 1997;22(3:313-28. 11.  Glascoe FP. Screening for developmental and behavioral problems. Ment Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 2005;11(3:173-9. 12.  Richter J, Janson H. A validation study of the Norwegian version of the Ages and Stages Questionnaires. Acta Paediatr 2007;96(5:748-52. 13.  Shashani S, Vameghi R, Azari N, Sajedi F, Kazemnejad A. Comparing the results of developmental screening of 4-60 months old children in Tehran using ASQ & PDQ. Iran Rehabil J 2011;11(14:3-7. 14.  Shashani S, Vameghi R, Azari N, Sajedi F, Kazemnejad A. Validity and reliability determination of Denver developmental screening test- II in 0-6 years old in Tehran. Iran J Pediatr. 2010;20(3:313-22. 15.  Jorina E, Andrew M, Elaine M, Faitb G. The Age and Stage Questionnaires

  5. Weak interactions of elementary particles

    CERN Document Server

    Okun, Lev Borisovich

    1965-01-01

    International Series of Monographs in Natural Philosophy, Volume 5: Weak Interaction of Elementary Particles focuses on the composition, properties, and reactions of elementary particles and high energies. The book first discusses elementary particles. Concerns include isotopic invariance in the Sakata model; conservation of fundamental particles; scheme of isomultiplets in the Sakata model; universal, unitary-symmetric strong interaction; and universal weak interaction. The text also focuses on spinors, amplitudes, and currents. Wave function, calculation of traces, five bilinear covariants,

  6. Elementary Atom Interaction with Matter

    OpenAIRE

    Mrowczynski, Stanislaw

    1998-01-01

    The calculations of the elementary atom (the Coulomb bound state of elementary particles) interaction with the atom of matter, which are performed in the Born approximation, are reviewed. We first discuss the nonrelativistic approach and then its relativistic generalization. The cross section of the elementary atom excitation and ionization as well as the total cross section are considered. A specific selection rule, which applies for the atom formed as positronium by partic...

  7. Weak interaction of elementary particles

    CERN Document Server

    Okun', L B

    2013-01-01

    International Series of Monographs in Natural Philosophy, Volume 5: Weak Interaction of Elementary Particles focuses on the composition, properties, and reactions of elementary particles and high energies. The book first discusses elementary particles. Concerns include isotopic invariance in the Sakata model; conservation of fundamental particles; scheme of isomultiplets in the Sakata model; universal, unitary-symmetric strong interaction; and universal weak interaction. The text also focuses on spinors, amplitudes, and currents. Wave function, calculation of traces, five bilinear covariants,

  8. Proceedings of joint meeting of the 6th simulation science symposium and the NIFS collaboration research 'large scale computer simulation'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2003-03-01

    Joint meeting of the 6th Simulation Science Symposium and the NIFS Collaboration Research 'Large Scale Computer Simulation' was held on December 12-13, 2002 at National Institute for Fusion Science, with the aim of promoting interdisciplinary collaborations in various fields of computer simulations. The present meeting attended by more than 40 people consists of the 11 invited and 22 contributed papers, of which topics were extended not only to fusion science but also to related fields such as astrophysics, earth science, fluid dynamics, molecular dynamics, computer science etc. (author)

  9. The N400 and the Fourth Grade Shift

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coch, Donna

    2015-01-01

    While behavioral and educational data characterize a fourth grade shift in reading development, neuroscience evidence is relatively lacking. We used the N400 component of the event-related potential waveform to investigate the development of single word processing across the upper elementary years, in comparison to adult readers. We presented…

  10. Gender Differences in Inference Generation by Fourth-Grade Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clinton, Virginia; Seipel, Ben; Broek, Paul; McMaster, Kristen L.; Kendeou, Panayiota; Carlson, Sarah E.; Rapp, David N.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine if there are gender differences among elementary school-aged students in regard to the inferences they generate during reading. Fourth-grade students (130 females; 126 males) completed think-aloud tasks while reading one practice and one experimental narrative text. Females generated a larger number and a…

  11. Investigation into How 8th Grade Students Define Fractals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karakus, Fatih

    2015-01-01

    The analysis of 8th grade students' concept definitions and concept images can provide information about their mental schema of fractals. There is limited research on students' understanding and definitions of fractals. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the elementary students' definitions of fractals based on concept image and concept…

  12. The Best of Energy Book, Grades 1/3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feliu, Tom; Lively, Lisa

    Presented are 48 energy education lessons adapted from available materials and published in a standardized format. Intended for the lower elementary grades, these activities are grouped according to subject area which permits a teacher to present energy topics in connection with the subject with which he/she feels most comfortable. Lesson plans…

  13. Math Process Standards Series, Grades 3-5

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Connell, Susan, Ed.

    2008-01-01

    NCTM's Process Standards support teaching that helps upper elementary level children develop independent, effective mathematical thinking. The books in the Heinemann Math Process Standards Series give every intermediate-grades teacher the opportunity to explore each standard in depth. With language and examples that don't require prior math…

  14. Elementary matrix theory

    CERN Document Server

    Eves, Howard

    1980-01-01

    The usefulness of matrix theory as a tool in disciplines ranging from quantum mechanics to psychometrics is widely recognized, and courses in matrix theory are increasingly a standard part of the undergraduate curriculum.This outstanding text offers an unusual introduction to matrix theory at the undergraduate level. Unlike most texts dealing with the topic, which tend to remain on an abstract level, Dr. Eves' book employs a concrete elementary approach, avoiding abstraction until the final chapter. This practical method renders the text especially accessible to students of physics, engineeri

  15. Elementary heat transfer analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Whitaker, Stephen; Hartnett, James P

    1976-01-01

    Elementary Heat Transfer Analysis provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of the nature of transient heat conduction. This book presents a thorough understanding of the thermal energy equation and its application to boundary layer flows and confined and unconfined turbulent flows. Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of the use of heat transfer coefficients in formulating the flux condition at phase interface. This text then explains the specification as well as application of flux boundary conditions. Other chapters consider a derivation of the tra

  16. Elementary Statistics Tables

    CERN Document Server

    Neave, Henry R

    2012-01-01

    This book, designed for students taking a basic introductory course in statistical analysis, is far more than just a book of tables. Each table is accompanied by a careful but concise explanation and useful worked examples. Requiring little mathematical background, Elementary Statistics Tables is thus not just a reference book but a positive and user-friendly teaching and learning aid. The new edition contains a new and comprehensive "teach-yourself" section on a simple but powerful approach, now well-known in parts of industry but less so in academia, to analysing and interpreting process dat

  17. Elementary number theory

    CERN Document Server

    Kraft, James S

    2014-01-01

    Elementary Number Theory takes an accessible approach to teaching students about the role of number theory in pure mathematics and its important applications to cryptography and other areas. The book offers many pedagogical features. The "check your understanding" problems scattered throughout the chapters assess whether students have learned essential information. At the end of every chapter, exercises reinforce an understanding of the material. Other exercises introduce new and interesting ideas while computer exercises reflect the kinds of explorations that number theorists often carry out in their research.

  18. Elementary differential geometry

    CERN Document Server

    O'Neill, Barrett

    2006-01-01

    Written primarily for students who have completed the standard first courses in calculus and linear algebra, ELEMENTARY DIFFERENTIAL GEOMETRY, REVISED SECOND EDITION, provides an introduction to the geometry of curves and surfaces. The Second Edition maintained the accessibility of the first, while providing an introduction to the use of computers and expanding discussion on certain topics. Further emphasis was placed on topological properties, properties of geodesics, singularities of vector fields, and the theorems of Bonnet and Hadamard. This revision of the Second Edition p

  19. Elementary engineering surveying

    CERN Document Server

    Ghosh, Jayanta Kumar

    2010-01-01

    Elementary Engineering Surveying is a text book for students attending the first course on Engineering Survey. The book is written very concisely and to the point for student to devout less time for study without compromising the quality of understanding and learning the elements of engineering survey. The book has eleven chapters prepared in modular form with an aim to carry out field surveying systematically. Starting from fundamentals of surveying, chapters include measurement of horizontal and vertical distances and angles, surveying instruments and their working with due importance to map

  20. Slope modification of open pit wall using a genetic algorithm - case study: southern wall of the 6th Golbini Jajarm bauxite mine

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    K., Goshtasbi; M., Ataei; R., Kalatehjary.

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a genetic algorithm is used in a heavily jointed rock mass in order to investigate the critical circular slip surface and modification of slope surface. This method was applied to the southern wall of the 6th Golbini Jajarm bauxite mine. The mine is the largest bauxite deposit in Iran, [...] located to the northeast of the town of Jajarm in the Khorasan province. Estimated reserve of bauxite in this deposit is about 160 million tonnes. Field and laboratory investigations were conducted in order to determine rock mass behaviour. A genetic algorithm code that uses the Simplified Bishop method as an objective function was developed for finding the safety factor of circular slip surfaces. Sensitivity analysis was applied to determine the optimum values of the genetic algorithm variables, such as population size, selection method, crossover and mutation rates. After finding the critical circular slip surface, slope modification is carried out by removing unstable sections from marked critical slip surfaces, and this process is repeated until the last unsafe section is removed. Based on this code, modification occurred during 7 steps, by reaching a safety factor of 1.3 in the last step. Finally, the modified slope angle of the southern wall of the 6th Golbini Jajarm bauxite mine was determined to be 48.44 degrees.

  1. Digital Photography for Elementary Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neckers, Matt

    2009-01-01

    Most elementary students approach photography in an open-minded, experimental way. As a result, their images are often more playful than those taken by adults. Students discover more through their own explorations than they would learn through overly structured lessons. In this article, the author describes how he introduces his elementary

  2. Engineering at the Elementary Level

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGrew, Cheryl

    2012-01-01

    Can engineering technology be taught at the elementary level? Designing and building trebuchets, catapults, solar cars, and mousetrap vehicles in a west central Florida elementary class was considered very unusual in recent years. After a review of current research on failing schools and poor curriculum, the author wondered what her school could…

  3. Elementary School Philosophy: A Response

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wartenberg, Thomas E.

    2012-01-01

    This article is a response to criticism of my book "Big Ideas for Little Kids." The main topics addressed are: Who is the audience for the book? Can people without formal philosophical training can be good facilitators of elementary school philosophy discussions? Is it important to assess attempts to teach philosophy in elementary school? Should…

  4. Democracy Education in Elementary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samanci, Osman

    2010-01-01

    Elementary schools have a significant role in creating democratic attitudes and attainments in children. During elementary education, children are prepared for life, becoming familiar with rules in social life in addition to gaining academic knowledge and abilities. In this article, the importance of educating children about democracy in…

  5. The Multifaceted Impact of Peer Relations on Aggressive-Disruptive Behavior in Early Elementary School

    OpenAIRE

    Powers, Christopher J.; Bierman, Karen L

    2012-01-01

    Following a large, diverse sample of 4096 children in 27 schools, this study evaluated the impact of three aspects of peer relations, measured concurrently, on subsequent child aggressive-disruptive behavior during early elementary school – peer-dislike, reciprocated friends' aggressiveness, and classroom levels of aggressive-disruptive behavior. Teachers rated child aggressive-disruptive behavior in first and third grade, and peer relations were assessed during second grade. Results indicate...

  6. The developmental dynamics of task-avoidant behavior and math performance in kindergarten and elementary school

    OpenAIRE

    Hirvonen, Riikka; Tolvanen, Asko; Aunola, Kaisa; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

    2012-01-01

    Besides cognitive factors, children's learning at school may be influenced by more dynamic phenomena, such as motivation and achievement-related task-avoidant behavior. The present study examined the developmental dynamics of task-avoidant behavior and math performance from kindergarten to Grade 4. A total of 225 children were tested for their arithmetic skills in kindergarten and in Grades 1, 2, and 4 of elementary school. Children's task-avoidant behavior in learning situations was rated by...

  7. The Effects of Music Listening with Play on Preference, Recognition of the Main Melody and Musical Creativity in Elementary School Students

    OpenAIRE

    Eunyoung Hwang

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a classical music listening program, namely music listening with plays, for elementary grade one students on music preference, recognition of the main melody, and musical creativity. The classical music listening program organized for this study employed various musical experiences such as singing, playing, composing and moving. The participants of this study were 61 elementary grade one students from Kyong-gi Province, Korea, who attend...

  8. Do Thinking Styles Matter for Science Achievement and Attitudes toward Science Class in Male and Female Elementary School Students in Taiwan?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Tzu-Ling; Tseng, Yi-Kuan

    2015-01-01

    The purposes of this study were to explore the effects of thinking styles on science achievement and attitudes toward science class among Taiwanese elementary school students and to explore the differences between male and female students in their modes of thinking. Participants included 756 sixth-grade students from 28 classes in four elementary

  9. ?lkö?retim 3. S?n?f Ö?rencilerine Soyut ve Çok Boyutlu Kavramlar?n Kazand?r?lmas?: Bir Eylem Ara?t?rmas? Teaching Abstract and Multi-dimentional Concepts to Elementary Education Students at 3rd Grade Level: An Action

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kaya YILMAZ

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This study was undertaken to help students acquire moreeffectively and overcome their misconceptions about the concepts of‘time, discipline, democracy, economy, communication and culture’which are included in the Life Study and Value Education Program atelementary education level. In accordance with the purposes of thestudy, action research design was selected as a method. Before anaction plan was prepared, interview was concucted with the teacher,student mind maps were used, and the curriculum program wasexamined in order to identify the problems about concept teaching. Inthe action plan, 18 learning activities was planned and implemented asfirst and second presentations on the basis of micro contentarrangement strategies. When some activities were somehowinsuffecient in terms of helping students grasp the concepts understudy, supplemantary activities were used to support them. Theresearch participants were composed of 37 elementary educationstudents at 3rd grade level. Research data were gathered by means ofsemi-structured interviews, student mind maps, documents, and theresearcher’s diaries. Student mind maps were analyzed with theselection of words as a unit of analysis. Students’ responses werecategorized and their frequencies were shown in tables. Interviews andlearning activities completed by students were analyzed via contentanalysis, descriptive analysis and t-test. At the end of the study, it wasfound that the learning activities in the action plan were quite effectivein terms of helping students both learn the concepts effectively withtheir dimensions and get rid of their misconceptions. Bu çal??ma, ilkö?retim Hayat bilgisi ve De?erler E?itimi program?nda belirlenmi? olan ‘zaman, disiplin, cumhuriyet, demokrasi, tasarruf, ileti?im ve kültür’ kavramlar?n? ö?rencilere daha etkili kazand?rmak ve kavram yan?lg?lar?n? gidermek amac?yla yap?lm??t?r. Yöntem olarak ara?t?rman?n amac?na en uygun desenlerden biri olan eylem ara?t?rmas? kullan?lm??t?r. Eylem plan? haz?rlamadan önce s?n?f ö?retmeni ile görü?me yap?larak, ö?renci zihin haritalar? kullan?larak ve ö?retim program? incelenerek kavram ö?retiminde kar??la??lan sorunlar tespit edilmi?tir. Eylem plan?nda, çal??ma kapsam?ndaki yedi kavram? ö?rencilere kazand?rmak amac?yla mikro içerik düzenleme stratejilerinden yararlan?lm??t?r. Bu stratejiye dayal? olarak 18 ö?renme etkinli?i haz?rlanm??, birincil ve ikincil sunumlar ?eklinde uygulanm??t?r. Etkinliklere ili?kin ara?t?rmac? notlar? tutulmu?tur. Eylem ara?t?rmas? sürecinde kavramlar? ö?rencilere kazand?rmada yeterince etkili olmad??? belirlenen etkinlikler ek uygulamalarla desteklenmi?tir. Çal??man?n kat?l?mc? grubunu, ?stanbul’un Ümraniye ilçesindeki bir ilkö?retim okulunun 3. S?n?f ö?rencileri olu?turmaktad?r. Ara?t?rma verileri yar? yap?land?r?lm?? görü?me, zihin haritalar?, dokümanlar ve ara?t?rmac? günlü?ü notlar? ile toplanm??t?r. Ö?rencilerin kendi olu?turduklar? zihin haritalar?ndan elde edilen veriler kelimeye dayal? oldu?u için bu verilerin çözümlenmesinde temel analiz birimi olarak kelime seçilmi?tir. Tespit edilen kelimeler kategorize edilmi? ve kullan?lma s?kl?klar? tablola?t?r?lm??t?r. Görü?me, etkinlik ve süreç sonu de?erlendirmeye ili?kin veriler ise içerik analizi, betimsel analiz ve t-testi kullan?larak çözümlenmi?tir. Ara?t?rma sonucunda, ö?renci grubunun geli?im özellikleri dikkate al?narak uygulanan kavram ö?retim etkinliklerinin kavramlar? çok boyutlu olarak ö?rencilere kazand?rmada ve kavram yan?lg?lar?n? gidermede oldukça ba?ar?l? oldu?u gözlenmi?tir.

  10. Elementary differential geometry

    CERN Document Server

    Pressley, Andrew

    2001-01-01

    Curves and surfaces are objects that everyone can see, and many of the questions that can be asked about them are natural and easily understood Differential geometry is concerned with the precise mathematical formulation of some of these questions, and with trying to answer them using calculus techniques It is a subject that contains some of the most beautiful and profound results in mathematics yet many of these are accessible to higher-level undergraduates Elementary Differential Geometry presents the main results in the differential geometry of curves and surfaces while keeping the prerequisites to an absolute minimum Nothing more than first courses in linear algebra and multivariate calculus are required, and the most direct and straightforward approach is used at all times Numerous diagrams illustrate both the ideas in the text and the examples of curves and surfaces discussed there The book will provide an invaluable resource to all those taking a first course in differential geometry, for their lecture...

  11. Teacher Feature: Alternative Grading.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alff, Marvin; Kearns, Donna

    1992-01-01

    The history of grading offers little support for current grading practices. Alternative methods such as mastery, student self-comparison, contracting, multiple grades, and the point system should be examined in the context of philosophical issues to determine new grading policies. (SK)

  12. Notes on elementary particle physics

    CERN Document Server

    Muirhead, William Hugh

    1972-01-01

    Notes of Elementary Particle Physics is a seven-chapter text that conveys the ideas on the state of elementary particle physics. This book emerged from an introductory course of 30 lectures on the subject given to first-year graduate students at the University of Liverpool. The opening chapter deals with pertinent terminologies in elementary particle physics. The succeeding three chapters cover the concepts of transition amplitudes, probabilities, relativistic wave equations and fields, and the interaction amplitude. The discussion then shifts to tests of electromagnetic interactions, particul

  13. Perceptions of Elementary Principals' Influence on Academic Achievement for Minority Students in Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Schellia Arnette

    2012-01-01

    The researcher focused on the elementary principal's influence on academic achievement of minority students in mathematics in grade four. The sample population was from a parish where three schools were identified to have improved academic achievement in mathematics with the minority population. The study was a mixed method. The study was…

  14. The Effects of Differentiated Instruction and Enrichment Pedagogy on Reading Achievement in Five Elementary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reis, Sally M.; McCoach, D. Betsy; Little, Catherine A.; Muller, Lisa M.; Kaniskan, R. Burcu

    2011-01-01

    This experimental study examined the effect of a differentiated, enriched reading program on students' oral reading fluency and comprehension using the schoolwide enrichment model-reading (SEM-R). Treatment and control conditions were randomly assigned to 63 teachers and 1,192 second through fifth grade students across five elementary schools.…

  15. Effectiveness of Wellness-Based Classroom Guidance in Elementary School Settings: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villalba, Jose A.; Myers, Jane E.

    2008-01-01

    A three-session, wellness-based classroom guidance unit was developed based on the Indivisible Self wellness model and presented to 55 students in 5th grade. Participants completed the Five Factor Wellness Inventory, Elementary School Version, before and after the unit. Wellness scores were significantly and positively higher at post-testing for…

  16. Cognitive and Affective Orientations of Elementary School Children Toward Air, Water, and Soil Pollution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holloway, Mildred Azelle Evans

    The purpose of this study was to obtain information about children's knowledge of and attitudes toward problems of environmental pollution. It sought to determine whether or not fourth, fifth, and sixth grade children in selected elementary schools, one in the United States and one in Mexico, differed in their knowledge of and their attitudes…

  17. Korean Elementary School Students' English Learning Demotivation: A Comparative Survey Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Tae-Young

    2011-01-01

    This study explores Korean elementary school students' decreased motivation for English learning by analyzing the questionnaire data obtained from 6,301 students in a large city in South Korea. The students' school grades and their prior experience in private institutes were considered as the major factors behind the decrease in their motivation.…

  18. Scott Foresman-Addison Wesley Elementary Mathematics. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report. Updated

    Science.gov (United States)

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2013

    2013-01-01

    "Scott Foresman-Addison Wesley Elementary Mathematics" is a core mathematics curriculum for students in prekindergarten through grade 6. The program aims to improve students' understanding of key math concepts through problem-solving instruction, hands-on activities, and math problems that involve reading and writing. The curriculum focuses on…

  19. Increasing Motivation and Engagement in Elementary and Middle School Students through Technology-Supported Learning Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godzicki, Linda; Godzicki, Nicole; Krofel, Mary; Michaels, Rachel

    2013-01-01

    This action research project report was conducted in order to increase motivation and engagement in elementary and middle school students through technology-supported learning environments. The study was conducted from August 27, 2012, through December 14, 2012 with 116 participating students in first-, fourth-, fifth- and eighth-grade classes. To…

  20. The Effect of School Principals' Leadership Styles on Elementary School Students' Reading Achievement Scores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, James M.

    2013-01-01

    Principal leadership studies have indicated that leadership can play an important role in augmenting students' achievement scores. One significant influence that can affect achievement scores is the leadership style of the principal. This study focuses on fourth-grade achievement scores within urban elementary schools and explores the relationship…

  1. Parents' Reports on Homework Amount and Problems in Academically Talented Elementary Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worrell, Frank C.; Gabelko, Nina H.; Roth, David A.; Samuels, Lisa K.

    1999-01-01

    A study examined the amount and types of responses to homework assignments reported by 577 parents of academically talented elementary students. Students completed homework with few negative responses. While homework assignments increased with grade level, the amount of time parents spent assisting with homework did not increase beyond first…

  2. The Implementation of Positive Behavioral Support in an Elementary School: Processes, Procedures, and Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menendez, Anthony L.; Payne, Linda Donica; Mayton, Michel R.

    2008-01-01

    This article presents the processes and outcomes of a year of School-Wide Positive Behavior Support in a North Texas elementary school serving kindergarten through grade 3 students. Included is a description of a school treatment package that incorporated components such as facilitation of the teaming process, a lottery-type system of intermittent…

  3. Depression in Low-Income Elementary School Children in South Korea: Gender Differences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Gyungjoo; McCreary, Linda; Kim, Mi Ja; Park, Chang Gi; Jun, Won Hee; Yang, Soo

    2013-01-01

    This study examined depression in low-income elementary school children and identified gender differences in factors that influence depression from an ecological perspective. Participants were 262 first- to sixth-grade children recruited from six Korean community centers. Personal factors were anxiety and self-concept. Environmental factors…

  4. A STEM-Focused Elementary Teacher Preparation Program: Candidate and Alumni Perceptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIntyre, Ellen; Walkowiak, Temple; Thomson, Margareta; Carrier, Sarah; Lee, Carrie; Greive, Elizabeth; Zulli, Rebecca A.; Maher, Michael J.; DiFrancesca, Daniell

    2013-01-01

    To address shortfalls in the preparation and achievement of U.S. students in STEM fields (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics), instruction in these areas must begin in the elementary grades, as early as kindergarten (American Association of Colleges for Teacher Education, 2007; Natural Academy of Sciences, 2007; National Research…

  5. Personality Factors in Elementary School Children: Contributions to Academic Performance over and above Executive Functions?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuenschwander, Regula; Cimeli, Patrizia; Rothlisberger, Marianne; Roebers, Claudia M.

    2013-01-01

    Unique contributions of Big Five personality factors to academic performance in young elementary school children were explored. Extraversion and Openness (labeled "Culture" in our study) uniquely contributed to academic performance, over and above the contribution of executive functions in first and second grade children (N = 446). Well…

  6. Assessing Perceptions of the Environment in Elementary Classrooms: The Link with Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaRocque, Michelle

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines students' perceptions of their classroom environment and the possible effect of these perceptions on math and reading achievement. Additionally, the paper investigates the significance of gender and grade level on students' perceptions of the classroom environment. Participants were elementary school students in a large urban…

  7. The Writing Performance of Elementary Students Receiving Strategic and Interactive Writing Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolbers, Kimberly A; Dostal, Hannah M; Graham, Steve; Cihak, David; Kilpatrick, Jennifer R; Saulsburry, Rachel

    2015-01-01

    Strategic and Interactive Writing Instruction (SIWI) has led to improved writing and language outcomes among deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) middle grades students. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of SIWI on the written expression of DHH elementary students across recount/personal narrative, information report, and persuasive…

  8. A Program for Elementary School Education: The Intergroup Relations Curriculum; Volumes I and II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibson, John S.

    These two volumes update, through September 1968, the intergroup relations curriculum begun in 1963 by the Lincoln Filene Center with the aim of helping elementary students (grades 1-6) not to prejudge people different from themselves. Volume 1 begins with a description of the projects's background (see ED 010 029 and ED 016 552) and research…

  9. Motivational and Affective Determinants of Self-Regulatory Strategy Use in Elementary School Mathematics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatzistamatiou, Mariza; Dermitzaki, Irini; Efklides, Anastasia; Leondari, Angeliki

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate the relationships between elementary students' reported use of self-regulatory strategies in mathematics and their motivational and affective determinants. Participants of the study were 344 fifth- and sixth-grade Greek students. Students were asked to complete self-reported measures regarding the strategies…

  10. Socioemotional Characteristics of Elementary School Children Identified as Exhibiting Social Leadership Qualities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scharf, Miri; Mayseless, Ofra

    2009-01-01

    Elementary school teachers identified characteristics in 4 major socioemotional domains associated with children's social leadership: self-perception, social anxiety, attachment orientation with peers, and interpersonal goals and skills in close friendships. Participants were 260 4th- and 5th-grade students (126 boys, 134 girls) from 10 classes in…

  11. Elementary Students' Retention of Environmental Science Knowledge: Connected Science Instruction versus Direct Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Upadhyay, Bhaskar; DeFranco, Cristina

    2008-01-01

    This study compares 3rd-grade elementary students' gain and retention of science vocabulary over time in two different classes--"connected science instruction" versus "direct instruction." Data analysis yielded that students who received connected science instruction showed less gain in science knowledge in the short term compared to students who…

  12. Introducing Engineering in Elementary Education: A 5-Year Study of Teachers and Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diefes-Dux, Heidi A.

    2015-01-01

    Engineering, when integrated into K-12 education, may offer a number of potential student learning and future success benefits. In a 5-year study, four cohorts of elementary teachers of grades 2 to 4 in a single US school district were provided with teacher professional development with engineering education. Teachers were prepared to teach…

  13. Enhancement of Elementary School Students' Science Learning by Web-Quest Supported Science Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Min-Hsiung, Chuang; Jeng-Fung, Hung; Quo-Cheng, Sung

    2011-01-01

    This study aimed to probe into the influence of implementing Web-quest supported science writing instruction on students' science learning and science writing. The subjects were 34 students in one class of grade six in an elementary school in Taiwan. The students participated in the instruction, which lasted for eight weeks. Data collection…

  14. Elementary Students' Scientific Epistemological Beliefs in Relation to Socio-Economic Status and Gender

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozkal, Kudret; Tekkaya, Ceren; Sungur, Semra; Cakiroglu, Jale; Cakiroglu, Erdinc

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated students' scientific epistemological beliefs in relation to socio-economic status (SES) and gender. Data were obtained from 1,152 eight grade Turkish elementary school students using Scientific Epistemological Beliefs instrument. Canonical correlation analysis indicated that students with a working mother and educated…

  15. Examining Elementary Education Pre-Service Teachers’ Self-Efficacy Beliefs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deniz Beste ÇEV?K

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate elementary education pre-service teachers? self-efficacy beliefs by gender, grade level and age. Participants were 163 elementary education pre-service teachers. An instrument titled “Music Education Self-Efficacy Scale” (Afacan, 2008 was used as a means of data collection. Descriptive statistics and t test was used to analyze the data. Results revealed that elementary education pre-service teachers? music education self-efficacy was, in general, moderate. Results revealed that participants? self-efficacy beliefs differ by gender, grade level and age. Women?s self-efficacy beliefs were higher than men. Junior (3rd year students? self-efficacy was higher than sophomores (2nd year. Similarly, self-efficay scores of particiapants with an age of between 22 and 24 was higher than those with an age of between 19–21.

  16. Results of 6th regular inspection of No.5 plant in Fukushima No.1 Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 6th regular inspection of No.5 plant in Fukushima No.1 Nuclear Power Station was carried out from February 10 to July 4, 1985. The parallel operation was resumed on June 19, 1985, 130 days after the parallel off. The object facilities of inspection were the reactor proper, reactor cooling system, measurement and control system, fuel facilities, radiation control facilities, waste facilities, reactor containment installation and emergency standby power generation system. On the object facilities of inspection, the appearance, disassembling, leak, function, performance and other inspections were carried out, but abnormality was not found at all. The works related to this regular inspection were accomplished within the range of allowable radiation dose based on the relevant laws. The main reconstruction works carried out during this regular inspection were the replacement of bleeding tubes, the replacement of feed heater bodies and the repair of HP and LP turbine casings. (Kako, I.)

  17. Irradiation of fuels and materials in the Jules Horowitz reactor: The 6th European Union JHR co-ordination action (JHR-CA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Fermine thematic network in the 5th FP pointed out the need for a new MTR facility in Europe to answer the continuous need of irradiation capabilities for fission power reactors and fusion facilities and to face the ageing of present MTRs. The Jules Horowitz Reactor (JHR) Project in Cadarache copes with this context, as an international service-oriented user-facility. In the field of nuclear fuels and materials irradiation experiments, a 6th FP co-ordination action, called JHR-CA, has started at the beginning of 2004 for 2 years. The main objective is to network existing expertise on development of a new generation of experimental devices, through definition of conceptual designs, instrumentation and related in-reactor services. This paper presents the outline of the JHR project, the organization of the JHR-CA programme, and a choice of irradiation device conceptual design results. (author)

  18. Vegetation dieback as a proxy for temperature within a wet pyroclastic density current: A novel experiment and observations from the 6th of August 2012 Tongariro eruption

    Science.gov (United States)

    Efford, Jackson T.; Bylsma, Rebecca J.; Clarkson, Bruce D.; Pittari, Adrian; Mauriohooho, Kate; Moon, Vicki G.

    2014-10-01

    The 6th of August 2012 eruption of Te Maari (Mt Tongariro, New Zealand) generated wet pyroclastic density currents (PDCs) which caused widespread dieback of vegetation (singed, brown foliage) in their path. An absence of significant charcoal formation suggests that PDC temperatures were mostly below 250 °C. Textural evidence for liquid water being present in the matrices during emplacement (vesicles) suggests that temperatures were < 100 °C. We determined a probable minimum PDC temperature using an experiment replicating the critical temperatures required to induce foliar browning in seven species affected by the eruption. In locations where all species exhibited browned foliage (or were defoliated), temperatures were probably ? 64 °C assuming a PDC duration of 60 s. In the more distal areas, where only the most susceptible species were browned while others remained healthy and unaffected, temperatures were probably around 51-58 °C. These results have relevance to volcanic hazard mitigation and risk assessment, especially on the popular Tongariro Alpine Crossing.

  19. Applied Computational Intelligence in Engineering and Information Technology Revised and Selected Papers from the 6th IEEE International Symposium on Applied Computational Intelligence and Informatics SACI 2011

    CERN Document Server

    Precup, Radu-Emil; Preitl, Stefan

    2012-01-01

    This book highlights the potential of getting benefits from various applications of computational intelligence techniques. The present book is structured such that to include a set of selected and extended papers from the 6th IEEE International Symposium on Applied Computational Intelligence and Informatics SACI 2011, held in Timisoara, Romania, from 19 to 21 May 2011. After a serious paper review performed by the Technical Program Committee only 116 submissions were accepted, leading to a paper acceptance ratio of 65 %. A further refinement was made after the symposium, based also on the assessment of the presentation quality. Concluding, this book includes the extended and revised versions of the very best papers of SACI 2011 and few invited papers authored by prominent specialists. The readers will benefit from gaining knowledge of the computational intelligence and on what problems can be solved in several areas; they will learn what kind of approaches is advised to use in order to solve these problems. A...

  20. 6th Regional Symposium of the International Fossil Algae Associaton, Milano, July 1-5, 2009. Abstracts and Field trip guide-book.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesca Benzoni

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available The 6th Regional Symposium of the IFAA held in Milano, from 1 to 5 July 2009, follows the 5th Regional meeting in Ferrara (2005 and the 9th International Symposium held in Zagreb (2007. The Symposium was jointly organized by the University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Geological Sciences and Geotechnologies, and by the University of Genova, Dip.Te.Ris. Geologists and paleontologists of the University of Genova have been studying coralline-rich outcrops of the Tertiary Piedmont Basin since the end of the XIX Century (G. Rovereto, M. Airoldi, S. Conti, V.I. Mastrorilli, producing the scientific descriptions of dozens of new species, the types of which are housed in the Genova Dip.Te.Ris.This volume represetn the abstract book and the field trip guide book edited for the symposium.

  1. Prognostic Impact of the 6th and 7th American Joint Committee on Cancer TNM Staging Systems on Esophageal Cancer Patients Treated With Chemoradiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: The new 7th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer TNM staging system is based on pathologic data from esophageal cancers treated by surgery alone. There is no information available on evaluation of the new staging system with regard to prognosis of patients treated with chemoradiotherapy (CRT). The objective of this study was to evaluate the prognostic impact of the new staging system on esophageal cancer patients treated with CRT. Methods and Materials: A retrospective review was performed on 301 consecutive esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients treated with CRT. Comparisons were made of the prognostic impacts of the 6th and 7th staging systems and the prognostic impacts of stage and prognostic groups, which were newly defined in the 7th edition. Results: There were significant differences between Stages I and III (p < 0.01) according to both editions. However, the 7th edition poorly distinguishes the prognoses of Stages III and IV (p = 0.36 by multivariate analysis) in comparison to the 6th edition (p = 0.08 by multivariate analysis), although these differences were not significant. For all patients, T, M, and gender were independent prognostic factors by multivariate analysis (p < 0.05). For the Stage I and II prognostic groups, survival curves showed a stepwise decrease with increase in stage, except for Stage IIA. However, there were no significant differences seen between each prognostic stage. Conclusions: Our study indicates there are several problems with the 7th TNM staging system regarding prognostic factors in patients undergoing CRT.

  2. 34 CFR 300.13 - Elementary school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Elementary school. 300.13 Section 300.13 Education... DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in This Part § 300.13 Elementary school. Elementary school means a nonprofit institutional day or residential school, including a public elementary charter school,...

  3. Elementary excitations in a supersolid

    OpenAIRE

    Ye, Jinwu

    2007-01-01

    We study elementary low energy excitations inside a supersolid. We find that the coupling between the longitudinal lattice vibration mode and the superfluid mode leads to two longitudinal modes (one upper branch and one lower branch) inside the supersolid, while the transverse modes in the supersolid stay the same as those inside a normal solid. We also work out various experimental signatures of these novel elementary excitations by evaluating the Debye-Waller factor, densi...

  4. Elementary number theory with programming

    CERN Document Server

    Lewinter, Marty

    2015-01-01

    A successful presentation of the fundamental concepts of number theory and computer programming Bridging an existing gap between mathematics and programming, Elementary Number Theory with Programming provides a unique introduction to elementary number theory with fundamental coverage of computer programming. Written by highly-qualified experts in the fields of computer science and mathematics, the book features accessible coverage for readers with various levels of experience and explores number theory in the context of programming without relying on advanced prerequisite knowledge and con

  5. Ciberbullying en colegios privados y estatales de primaria en dos distritos de Lima Metropolitana / Cyberbullying in private and state elementary schools in two Metropolitan Lima districts

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Isabel, Amemiya; Miguel, Oliveros; Yolanda, Condorimay; Ricardo, Oliveros; Armando, Barrientos; Bruno Emilio, Rivas.

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Determinar las características del ciberbullying en escolares de 5° y 6° de primaria de colegios estatales y particulares, de Jesús María y Pueblo Libre. Diseño: Descriptivo transversal. Institución: Colegios estatales y particulares, de Jesús María y Pueblo Libre. Participantes: Alumnos [...] de 5° y 6° de primaria. Intervenciones: En 826 alumnos de 5° y 6° de primaria, se aplicó una encuesta anónima de Rosario Ortega. Principales medidas de resultado: Análisis descriptivo y pruebas estadísticas de asociación. Resultados: Se comunicó ciberbullying en 24,7% de los alumnos; fue mayor en 6° grado y en colegios privados. La agresión por celular e internet ocurrió en 1,9% y hubo víctimas por celular en 6,3% y por internet 12%. La situación de victimas por internet se asoció a computadora en cuarto (p=0,019) y al uso de internet fuera de casa (p=0,000); fue mayor en colegios privados (p=0,002) y con el empleo de internet fuera de casa aumentó a 23,1% (p=0,032). Los varones agredieron más que las mujeres (p=0,000). Conclusiones: El ciberbullying fue más frecuente en alumnos de 6° de primaria de colegios privados. Las víctimas por internet fueron más frecuentes que por celular, y se asociaron a tener computadora en su cuarto o usarla fuera de casa. Predominó la agresión en los varones. Abstract in english Objectives: To determine cyberbullying characteristics in Jesus Maria and Pueblo Libre districts 5th and 6th grade students from state and private schools. Design: Descriptive, cross sectional. Setting: Students from state and private schools. Participants: 5th and 6th grade students. Interventions: [...] Rosario Ortega’s anonymous survey was applied in 826 5th and 6th grade students. Main outcome measures: Descriptive analysis and statistical association tests. Results: Cyberbullying was reported in 24.7% students; it was higher in 6th grade, and in private schools. Aggressors by phone and internet were 1.9%, phone victims 6.3% and internet victims 12%. Internet victims’ condition was associated with having computer at their bedrooms (p=0.019) and using Internet outdoors (p=0.000); it was higher in private schools (p=0.002) and increased to 23.1% (p=0.032) when using Internet outdoors. Males assaulted more than females (p=0.000). Conclusions: Cyberbullying was more common in 6th grade students from private schools. Internet victims were more than phone victims; internet bullying was associated with having computer in their room or using it outdoors. Aggression predominated in males.

  6. Root Graded Lie Superalgebras

    OpenAIRE

    Yousofzadeh, Malihe

    2015-01-01

    We define root graded Lie superalgebras and study their connection with centerless cores of extended affine Lie superalgebras; our definition generalizes the known notions of root graded Lie superalgebras.

  7. Preparing Fifth Grade Student Media Volunteers To Correctly Reshelve Non-Fiction Books According to the Dewey Decimal System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stofsky, Irma Sue

    An excessive number of non-fiction books were shelved incorrectly in an elementary school media center where, due to budget cuts, the media specialist depended on fifth grade student volunteers for book shelving assistance. A 12-week training program was developed for the fifth grade media volunteers, who met once a week for 40 minutes. The…

  8. Assessing multiple intelligences in elementary-school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strecker, Catherine Hunt

    The purpose of this qualitative case study was to gain a clear understanding of the manner in which fourth-grade students attending a Kansas elementary school learn when engaged in science activities grounded in H. Gardner's book, Frames of mind the theory of multiple intelligences (1983). The significance of this research lies in the discovery of the difference between teaching practice grounded in multiple intelligences versus that based upon traditional theory. Teacher self-perceptions with regard to the effectiveness of their instruction and student assessment within the classroom were also explored. The research evaluated the overall effectiveness of both traditional curriculum delivery and that rooted in the concept of multiple intelligences.

  9. Conversations about Grading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gullen, Kristine; Gullen, James; Erickson-Guy, Nickolas

    2012-01-01

    Grades often are determined by the unspoken values and beliefs of an autonomous teacher, but technology is making grading practices more transparent to parents, students, and educators. The ability to view the grade books of teachers who are teaching the same course in the same district is increasingly raising questions and challenges to what were…

  10. Readiness for School, According to the Perspectives of Grade 1 Teachers and Parents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sezai KOÇYI?IT

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In Turkey, every child who turned 72 months old are initiated elementary school without considering individual differences and whether or not they had any pre-school education, but is every child who started school mentally, socially-emotionally and physically ready to meet requirements of elementary school? Purpose of this research is to determine skills and abilities required for the “school readiness” according to the Grade 1 teachers and parents and reveal results of this situation related to pre-school education. This study was performed with 14 Grade 1 teachers who work in the private and public elementary schools of Konya city and with 13 parents. In research, semi-structured interview was used in order to get perspectives of participants about the phenomenon of readiness level of school that was consisted of open-ended questions. Raw data that were obtained through interviews have been analyzed by using descriptive analysis technique. According to the findings of research, Grade 1 teachers of elementary school described school readiness as “being matured to the ability required by the Grade 1 of elementary school” and stated that this maturity depends on parallel development of social, emotional, mental and physical aspects of child. Teachers also think that pre-school education must be compulsory for children to readily start school.

  11. Elementary particles and fundamental interactions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This chapter gives an overview of the general theories and models about elementary particles and about their fundamental interactions. The notion of elementary particles, universal components of matter, is a more older and simpler concept than the vector particle interactions concept. Matter constitution and fundamental interactions are presented successively to show the links between historical and didactic aspects of this discipline. A recall of fundamental principles of relativistic quantum mechanics is given between the two parts for a better comprehension of the text. Finally, some experimental results obtained at the LEP (Large Electron Positron) accelerator in Geneva during the ALEPH experiment, are given to introduce the grand unified theories and the future research works in elementary particles physics. (J.S.). 6 refs., 23 figs., 4 tabs

  12. Results of 6th regular inspection of No. 3 plant in Fukushima No. 1 Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Co., Inc

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The 6th regular inspection of No.3 plant in the Fukushima No.1 Nuclear Power Station was carried out from September 3, 1983, to February 28, 1984, and the results of inspection were as follows. The facilities inspected were the nuclear reactor, reactor cooling system, measurement and control system, fuel facilities, radiation control facilities, waste facilities, reactor containment facilities and emergency generators. As the results of having carried out the inspection of external appearance, disassembling, leak, function, performance and others on the objects of inspection, any abnormality was not found. The works related to this regular inspection were carried out within the range of allowable dose based on the laws. The main reconstruction works carried out during the regular inspection were the reconstruction of the internal structures of No.2 feed water heater to reduce erosion, the exchange of No.4 bleed tubes, the loading of new 8x8 fuel assemblies, the exchange of jet pump beams with improved heat treatment and the change of the LP turbine rotor to a forging of one body type. (Kako, I.)

  13. The beginning of metallurgy in the southern Levant: a late 6th millennium CalBC copper awl from Tel Tsaf, Israel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garfinkel, Yosef; Klimscha, Florian; Shalev, Sariel; Rosenberg, Danny

    2014-01-01

    The beginning of metallurgy in the ancient Near East attracts much attention. The southern Levant, with the rich assemblage of copper artifacts from the Nahal Mishmar cave and the unique gold rings of the Nahal Qanah cave, is regarded as a main center of early metallurgy during the second half of the 5th millennium CalBC. However, a recently discovered copper awl from a Middle Chalcolithic burial at Tel Tsaf, Jordan Valley, Israel, suggests that cast metal technology was introduced to the region as early as the late 6th millennium CalBC. This paper examines the chemical composition of this item and reviews its context. The results indicate that it was exported from a distant source, probably in the Caucasus, and that the location where it was found is indicative of the social status of the buried individual. This rare finding indicates that metallurgy was first diffused [corrected] to the southern Levant through exchange networks and only centuries later involved local productionThis copper awl, the earliest metal artifact found in the southern Levant, indicates that the elaborate Late Chalcolithic metallurgy developed from a more ancient tradition. PMID:24671185

  14. The Hetu'u Global Network: Measuring the Distance to the Sun Using the June 5th/6th Transit of Venus

    CERN Document Server

    Faherty, Jacqueline K; Miller, Scott T

    2012-01-01

    In the spirit of historic astronomical endeavors, we invited school groups across the globe to collaborate in a solar distance measurement using the rare June 5/6th transit of Venus. In total, we recruited 19 school groups spread over 6 continents and 10 countries to participate in our Hetu'u Global Network. Applying the methods of French astronomer Joseph-Nicolas Delisle, we used individual second and third Venus-Sun contact times to calculate the distance to the Sun. Ten of the sites in our network had amiable weather; 8 of which measured second contact and 5 of which measured third contact leading to consistent solar distance measurements of 152+/-30 million km and 163+/-30 million km respectively. The distance to the Sun at the time of the transit was 152.25 million km; therefore, our measurements are also consistent within 1sigma of the known value. The goal of our international school group network was to inspire the next generation of scientists using the excitement and accessibility of a rare astronom...

  15. cGMP: transition from bench to bedside: a report of the 6th International Conference on cGMP Generators, Effectors and Therapeutic Implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffmann, Linda S; Chen, Horng H

    2014-08-01

    Essential physiological homeostatic processes such as vascular tone, fluid balance, cardiorenal function, and sensory processes are regulated by the second messenger cyclic guanosine 3', 5'-monophosphate (cGMP). Dysregulation of cGMP-dependent pathways plays an important role in cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, heart failure, or erectile dysfunction. Thus, the cGMP pathway consisting of the cGMP-generating guanylyl cyclases, protein kinases, and phosphodiesterases (PDE) has evolved to an important drug target and is the focus of a wide variety of research fields ranging from unraveling mechanisms on the molecular level to understanding the regulation of physiological and pathophysiological processes by cGMP. Based on the results from basic and preclinical research, therapeutic drugs have been developed which modulate the cGMP pathway and are investigated in clinical trials. Riociguat, a nitric oxide (NO)-independent soluble guanylyl cyclase stimulator; recombinant B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP); or recombinant atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and PDE5 inhibitors are cGMP-modulating drugs that are already available for the treatment of pulmonary hypertension, acute heart failure, and erectile dysfunction, respectively. The latest results from basic to clinical research on cGMP were presented on the 6th International Conference on cGMP in Erfurt, Germany, and are summarized in this article. PMID:24927824

  16. The Hetu'u Global Network: Using the rare June 5th/6th Transit of Venus to Bring Astronomy to the Remote Easter Island

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faherty, Jacqueline; Rodriguez, D.

    2013-01-01

    There are rare times in astronomy when a celestial event, visible in broad daylight, can be used to measure a fundamental parameter and inspire a globe full of school age students. The June 5th/6th transit of Venus was one such event. In celebration, nine astronomy postdocs from the Chilean mainland traveled to Easter Island to lead a series of astronomy outreach activities over three days, culminating in a transit-viewing event. Our team dubbed "Equipo Hetu'u" or "Team Star" in the Rapa Nui (Easter Island native) language spent two days giving astronomy talks and doing hands-on demonstrations at the Museo Antropologico P. Sebastian Englert. In the final day-and-a-half leading up to the transit, we visited the science classes in the majority of the schools on the island, in order to spread the message about the once-in-a-lifetime transit event, highlighting how we planned on using it to measure the distance to the Sun. We estimate over 25% 1500 people) of this remote island participated in one or more of our organized activities. Our experience with this project is an excellent lesson on how to organize, lead, and fully execute a major outreach endeavor that inspires hundreds with minimal resources (save the spectacular event provided by the cosmos).

  17. Worries of Elementary School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowley, Jeremiah A.

    1981-01-01

    Questioned 438 students about their worries. Found that the percentage of students who worry about grades is consistently high across grade levels. Over half the students worry about physical harm to themselves or loved ones. Suggests school counseling programs include relaxation training to help students cope with life stresses. (JAC)

  18. Factors associated with group bullying and psychopathology in elementary school students using child-welfare facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jun Won; Lee, KounSeok; Lee, Young Sik; Han, Doug Hyun; Min, Kyung Joon; Song, Sung Hwan; Park, Ga Na; Lee, Ju Young; Kim, Jae Ock

    2015-01-01

    Purpose Low socioeconomic status is an important risk factor for child psychiatric problems. Low socioeconomic status is also associated with psychiatric problems later in life. We investigated the effects of group bullying on clinical characteristics and psychopathology in elementary school students using child-welfare facilities. Methods Three hundred and fifty-eight elementary school students using child-welfare facilities were recruited. The School Bullying Self Rating Questionnaire was used to assess group bullying. To evaluate related psychopathology, the Children’s Problem-Behavior Screening Questionnaire, the Children’s Depression Inventory, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Suicidal Ideation Questionnaire, Young’s Internet Addiction Scale, and Conners–Wells’ Adolescent Self-Report Scale were applied. Samples were classified according to school grade (lower or upper), and each group’s characteristics were compared as they related to bullying victims versus non-victims. Results The prevalence rate of group bullying was 22% in the lower-grade group and 12% in the higher-grade group. Bullying victims in lower grades reported high somatization, depressive symptoms, Internet addiction, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder tendencies, whereas those in upper grades reported cognitive problems, symptoms of depression and anxiety, suicidal ideation, Internet addiction, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder tendencies. Somatization and depressive symptoms were significant predictors of bullying in the lower-grade group, and anxiety was a significant predictor of bullying in the upper-grade group. Conclusion This study demonstrated that elementary school students using child-welfare facilities might have an increased risk of being bullied and that bullying victims may have different psychopathologies depending on their ages. PMID:25897236

  19. Elementary school absences and PM10 pollution in Utah Valley.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ransom, M R; Pope, C A

    1992-08-01

    This study assessed the association between school absenteeism and respirable particulate pollution (PM10) in Utah Valley for the six school years of 1985 to 1990. Weekly absenteeism data from the Provo School District and daily data from a single elementary school in the Alpine School District were analyzed for kindergarten through sixth grade. PM10 concentrations during the study period averaged approximately 50 micrograms/m3 with the 24-hr maximum equal to 365 micrograms/m3. Absenteeism was regressed on PM10 pollution levels, temperature, snowfall, and variables indicating day of week, month of school year, and days preceding and following holidays and extended weekends. Estimated associations between absenteeism and PM10 pollution in both data sets were positive, statistically significant (P less than 0.01), and robust to different model specifications. PM10 effects persisted for up to 3 or 4 weeks. Regression results from both data sets indicated that an increase in 28-day moving average PM10 equal to 100 micrograms/m3 was associated with an increase in the absence rate equal to approximately two percentage points, or an increase in overall absences equal to approximately 40%. Similar relationships were observed for all grade levels, although the response of absences to air pollution was generally greater for grades 1-3 compared with grades 4-6. Associations between absenteeism and PM10 pollution were observed even for levels below 150 micrograms/m3. PMID:1511674

  20. Repetitive Microteaching:Learning to Teach Elementary Social Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Derek L. ANDERSON

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The role of deliberate practice in the development of performance has been studied extensively in many contexts, such as in athletics. The construct of deliberate practice in the development of teacher performance has been receiving heightened examination lately, though the role of practice in the development of elementary social studies teachers remains essentially unexplored. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a repeated practice microteaching model on the teaching behaviors of 64 elementary preservice teachers (PSTs who taught the same social studies lessons to small groups of 4th-grade students four times in succession. PST reflection journals from all PSTs, observational transcripts of 14 teaching pairs, focus group interviews with the PSTs, and informal cooperating teacher interviews revealed that the PSTs’ lessons changed over the four successive teaching episodes. The PSTs became more comfortable and confident after teaching the same social studies lesson multiple times. PSTs also reported that their lessons became better, yet the qualitative data revealed that even though their teaching became more efficient and student work correctness improved, only a few PSTs increased the cognitive demand of their questions and activities. Nonetheless, most PSTs demonstrated increased use of social studies pedagogical content knowledge through their examples and discussions, as well as increased attention to student thinking. Repeated practice field experiences seem to hold potential for elementary PSTs to develop their use ofsocial studies pedagogical content knowledge

  1. Elementary School Students’ Perceptions of Technology in their Pictorial Representations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adile A?k?m Kurt

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The current study aimed to reveal elementary school students’ perceptions of technology through their pictorial representations and their written expressions based on their pictorial representations. Content analysis based on the qualitative research method along with art-based inquiry was applied. The “coding system for the concepts revealed from the research data” was implemented. Visual language used in pictorial representations produce messages, with its specialized codes. The degree of students to understand and explain their perception on technology composes the visual codes in this research. The study carried out with fifth-grade elementary school students was applied to a class of 28 students. The elementary school students participating in the present study had diverse perceptions of today’s technology, and most of their perceptions of technology were based on computer and electronic household appliances. Some students’ perceptions of technology were based on the Internet and mobile device technologies. Their perceived future technology was observed as human-computer interaction in the area of computer technology. Findings were discussed followed by relevant implications.

  2. Assessing Numeracy in the Upper Elementary and Middle School Years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carol Ann Gittens

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Numeracy is the ability or tendency to reason critically about quantitative information. The preponderance of published research on numeracy examines this construct among either pre-K or early elementary samples, students with developmental challenges, or is focused on post-secondary and adult cohorts. The numeracy skills of upper-elementary and middle school students is less documented and understood, most notably because of the lack of valid instruments that are developmentally appropriate for the age range. A numeracy scale for use among upper-elementary and middle school students is introduced in this paper. Scale validation was performed using a gender-balanced, racially / ethnically diverse sample of 3rd through 8th grade students (N=197 from a private, Catholic K-8 school in Santa Clara County, California. Construct validity is supported by strong, positive correlations with the three subscales of the Cognitive Abilities Test (CogAT as well as the Iowa Test of Basic Skills Mathematics test, a standardized academic achievement domain assessment. A preliminary exploration of the critical-thinking dispositional correlates of numeracy suggests a positive relationship with students’ self-reported creative problem solving, diligence, systematicity, and fair-mindedness.

  3. Fractal Geometry in Elementary School Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vacc, Nancy Nesbitt

    1992-01-01

    Reports a case study to evaluate whether basic concepts of fractal geometry are teachable to elementary school children and to determine the effectiveness of having an elementary school student present a lesson to inservice and preservice teachers. Concludes that simple concepts of fractal geometry appear appropriate for the elementary school…

  4. Peer Assessment of Elementary Science Teaching Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kilic, Gulsen Bagci; Cakan, Mehtap

    2007-01-01

    In this study, peer assessment was applied in assessing elementary science teaching skills. Preservice teachers taught a science topic as a team to their peers in an elementary science methods course. The peers participating in the science lesson assessed teacher-groups' elementary science teaching skills on an assessment form provided by the…

  5. Preparing Elementary Principals for Preschool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bish, Marion; Shore, Rebecca; Shue, Pamela

    2011-01-01

    "Surprise! Here come the preschoolers." Thousands of elementary principals are receiving a similar message from their supervisors as the concept of universal preschool is propelled to the forefront of the national education agenda. School districts across the country are being infused with wide varieties of federal- and state-funded early…

  6. Cooperative Learning in Elementary Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slavin, Robert E.

    2015-01-01

    Cooperative learning refers to instructional methods in which students work in small groups to help each other learn. Although cooperative learning methods are used for different age groups, they are particularly popular in elementary (primary) schools. This article discusses methods and theoretical perspectives on cooperative learning for the…

  7. Learning Electricity in Elementary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azaiza, Ibtisam; Bar, Varda; Galili, Igal

    2006-01-01

    The study investigated elementary school pupils' ideas concerning the concept of electricity and the effect of school instruction on the pupil's views. Pupils of different cultural backgrounds were assessed to ascertain their knowledge in four areas: Relation of certain natural phenomena to electricity; Mental models (images) of direct current in…

  8. Multicultural Mini-Units. Elementary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flora, Sherrill B.

    The teaching mini-units in this teacher's guide are designed for use with elementary level students. Thematic study units are given for each of the following countries or continents: Africa, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, England, France, Germany, Greece, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Thailand, and the…

  9. Elementary Deuring-Heilbronn Phenomenon

    CERN Document Server

    Stopple, Jeffrey

    2012-01-01

    Adapting a technique of Pintz, we give an elementary demonstration of the Deuring phenomenon: a zero of \\zeta(s) off the critical line gives a lower bound on L(1,\\chi). The necessary tools are Dirichlet's 'method of the hyperbola', Euler summation, summation by parts, and the Polya-Vinogradov inequality.

  10. Levels of line graph question interpretation with intermediate elementary students of varying scientific and mathematical knowledge and ability: A think aloud study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Stacy Kathryn

    This study examined how intermediate elementary students' mathematics and science background knowledge affected their interpretation of line graphs and how their interpretations were affected by graph question levels. A purposive sample of 14 6th-grade students engaged in think aloud interviews (Ericsson & Simon, 1993) while completing an excerpted Test of Graphing in Science (TOGS) (McKenzie & Padilla, 1986). Hand gestures were video recorded. Student performance on the TOGS was assessed using an assessment rubric created from previously cited factors affecting students' graphing ability. Factors were categorized using Bertin's (1983) three graph question levels. The assessment rubric was validated by Padilla and a veteran mathematics and science teacher. Observational notes were also collected. Data were analyzed using Roth and Bowen's semiotic process of reading graphs (2001). Key findings from this analysis included differences in the use of heuristics, self-generated questions, science knowledge, and self-motivation. Students with higher prior achievement used a greater number and variety of heuristics and more often chose appropriate heuristics. They also monitored their understanding of the question and the adequacy of their strategy and answer by asking themselves questions. Most used their science knowledge spontaneously to check their understanding of the question and the adequacy of their answers. Students with lower and moderate prior achievement favored one heuristic even when it was not useful for answering the question and rarely asked their own questions. In some cases, if students with lower prior achievement had thought about their answers in the context of their science knowledge, they would have been able to recognize their errors. One student with lower prior achievement motivated herself when she thought the questions were too difficult. In addition, students answered the TOGS in one of three ways: as if they were mathematics word problems, science data to be analyzed, or they were confused and had to guess. A second set of findings corroborated how science background knowledge affected graph interpretation: correct science knowledge supported students' reasoning, but it was not necessary to answer any question correctly; correct science knowledge could not compensate for incomplete mathematics knowledge; and incorrect science knowledge often distracted students when they tried to use it while answering a question. Finally, using Roth and Bowen's (2001) two-stage semiotic model of reading graphs, representative vignettes showed emerging patterns from the study. This study added to our understanding of the role of science content knowledge during line graph interpretation, highlighted the importance of heuristics and mathematics procedural knowledge, and documented the importance of perception attentions, motivation, and students' self-generated questions. Recommendations were made for future research in line graph interpretation in mathematics and science education and for improving instruction in this area.

  11. Relação entre criatividade e traços temperamentais em estudantes do ensino fundamental / Relationship between creativity and temperamental traits in a sample of elementary school students / Relación entre creatividad y rasgos temperamentales de estudiantes de educación básica

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Tatiana de Cássia, Nakano; Lívia Rech de, Castro.

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available A percepção da ausência de pesquisas nacionais que investiguem a relação entre criatividade e temperamento desenvolvidas com crianças e adolescentes motivou o presente estudo, conduzido junto a 142 estudantes de 6o ao 9o ano do Ensino Fundamental (84 do sexo feminino e 58 masculino), com idades entr [...] e 11 e 14 anos (M=12,8 anos; DP=1,10). Dois instrumentos foram utilizados: Teste de Criatividade Figural Infantil e Student Styles Questionnaire, cujos resultados indicaram que as dimensões temperamentais extroversão e intuição foram as que mais se relacionaram ao desempenho em criatividade (apresentando correlações significativas com os fatores Enriquecimento de Ideias, Preparação Criativa e Criatividade Total). Influência significativa da variável sexo foi encontrada em relação às dimensões racional e emotiva do temperamento, ao passo que a variável série e sua interação com sexo mostrou-se importante em um fator da criatividade (Aspectos Cognitivos). Abstract in spanish La percepción de la ausencia de investigaciones nacionales que estudien la relación entre creatividad y temperamento desarrollada con niños y adolescentes motivó el presente estudio. Participaron 142 estudiantes de sexto a noveno curso de la educación básica (84 mujeres y 58 hombres), con edades ent [...] re 11 y 14 años (M = 12,8 años, SD = 1,10). Se utilizaron dos instrumentos: Test de Creatividad Infantil Figurativo y el Student Styles Questionnaire, cuyos resultados indicaron que las dimensiones temperamentales extraversión e intuición fueron las que más se relacionaron al desempeño en creatividad (presentando correlaciones significativas con los factores (enriquecimiento de ideas, preparación creativa y el total de la creatividad). Influencia significativa de la variable sexo fue encontrada con relación a las dimensiones racional y emocional del temperamento, mientras que el curso y su interacción con el sexo se mostró importante en los aspectos cognitivos de la creatividad. Abstract in english The perception of lack of national research focused on investigating the relationship between creativity and temperament developed with children and adolescents motivated the present study, conducted among 142 students from 6th to 9th grade of elementary school (84 female and 58 male), aged between [...] 11 and 14 years (M=12.8 years; SD=1.10). Two instruments were used: Test of Figural Creativity for Children and Student Styles Questionnaire. The results indicated that the temperamental dimensions extraversion and intuition were the most related to performance on creativity (showing significant correlations with the factors Enrichment of Ideas, Creative Preparation and total creativity). Significant influence of gender was found in relation to rational and emotional dimensions of temperament, while the grade variable and its interaction with gender was found in Cognitive factor of creativity.

  12. Early Fetal Gender Determination Using Real-Time PCR Analysis of Cell-free Fetal DNA During 6th-10th Weeks of Gestation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Reza Khorram Khorshid

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays, new advances in the use of cell free fetal DNA (cffDNA in maternal plasma of pregnant women has provided the possibility of applying cffDNA in prenatal diagnosis as a non-invasive method. In contrary to the risks of invasive methods that affect both mother and fetus, applying cffDNA is proven to be highly effective with lower risk. One of the applications of prenatal diagnosis is fetal gender determination, which is important in fetuses at risk of sex-linked genetic diseases. In such cases by obtaining the basic information of the gender, necessary time management can be taken in therapeutic to significantly reduce the necessity of applying the invasive methods. Therefore in this study, the probability of detecting sequences on the human Y-chromosome in pregnant women has been evaluated to identify the gender of fetuses. Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 80 pregnant women with gestational age between 6th to 10th weeks and the fetal DNA was extracted from the plasma. Identification of SRY, DYS14 & DAZ sequences, which are not presentin the maternal genome, was performed using Real-Time PCR. All the obtained results were compared with the actual gender of the newborns to calculate the test accuracy. Considerable 97.3% sensitivity and 97.3% specificity were obtained in fetal gender determination which is significant in the first trimester of pregnancy. Only in one case, false positive result was obtained. Using non-invasive method of cffDNAs in the shortest time possible, as well as avoiding invasive tests for early determination of fetal gender, provides the opportunity of deciding and employing early treatment for fetuses at risk of genetic diseases

  13. Health risk behaviour of elementary school children in Vojvodina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanja Šumonja

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Aim To determine frequency, intercorrelation of health-risk behaviours among elementary school children and their correlation with sources of health-related information and social behaviour models.Methods Reasearch was conducted in the form of cross-sectional study. Sample included students from 5th to 8th grades of elementary school. Data were collected by interviewing students with questionnarie consisted of two parts: Risk Behaviour Scale and set of questions about sources of information, social behaviour models and socio-demographic characteristics. Risk Behaviour Scale measured following health-risk behaviors: use of psychoactive supstances (cigarettes, alcohol, illegal substances, risky behaviour in traffic, unsafe sexual behavior, inadequate nutrition and insufficient physical activity. Values p <0.05 were considered as statistical significant.Results Sample included 445 elementary school students aged 11 to 15 years of age. The most prominent health risk behaviours were unhealthy dietary habits, with 408 (91.1 % students consumed fast food. Alcohol was the most frequent psiho-active substance used, in 261 (58.2 % cases. Health-risk behaviours were more frequent among boys, older students, those with low school achievment and those who receive health-related information from peers and media. Statistically significant correlation between inadequate nutrition and physical inactivity was found (p=0.000. Alcohol use was significantly correlated with use of cigarettes (p=0.00 and illegal substances (p=0.00, risk sexual behaviour (p=0.00, risk behaviour in traffic (p=0.00 and physical inactivity (p=0.00. Conclusion All health-risk behaviours appeared in the same time in elementary school students and that could be a consequence of same individual and social factors which contribute to their occurence.

  14. Elementary Student Self Efficacy Scale Development and Validation Focused on Student Learning, Peer Relations, and Resisting Drug Use

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fertman, Carl I.; Primack, Brian A.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychometric properties of a child self efficacy scale for learning, peer interactions, and resisting pressure to use drugs, to use in an elementary school drug prevention education program based on social cognitive theory. A diverse cohort of 392 4th and 5th grade students completed the 20-item…

  15. The Effects of Integrated Science, Technology, and Engineering Education on Elementary Students' Knowledge and Identity Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, So Yoon; Dyehouse, Melissa; Lucietto, Anne M.; Diefes-Dux, Heidi A.; Capobianco, Brenda M.

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the effects of integrated science, technology, and engineering (STE) education on second-, third-, and fourth-grade students' STE content knowledge and aspirations concerning engineering after validation of the measures. During the 2009-2010 school year, 59 elementary school teachers, who attended a week-long engineering…

  16. Student and Parent Perceptions of Barriers to and Benefits of the School Breakfast Program in Elementary Schools in Southeast Alabama

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabol, Alexis; Struempler, Barbara J.; Zizza, Claire A.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose/Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore the factors impacting participation in the School Breakfast Program (SBP) for elementary school students in southeast Alabama. Methods: Focus groups were used to gather qualitative data from southeastern Alabama public school fourth and fifth grade students and their parents. Six student…

  17. Does Food Insecurity at Home Affect Non-Cognitive Performance at School? A Longitudinal Analysis of Elementary Student Classroom Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Larry L.

    2011-01-01

    This paper estimates models of the transitional effects of food insecurity experiences on children's non-cognitive performance in school classrooms using a panel of 4710 elementary students enrolled in 1st, 3rd, and 5th grade (1999-2003). In addition to an extensive set of child and household-level characteristics, we use information on U.S.…

  18. An Overview of Basic Facts, Computation with Whole Numbers, and Estimation in the Elementary School of Taiwan, Republic of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Ping-Tung

    This paper anlyzes the new elementary school mathematics curriculum materials being implemented in Taiwan. A list of objectives involving whole numbers is given for each semester in grades 1 through 5, with the time noted for each unit. Improved teaching methods, the use of the abacus and of technology, the roles of problem solving and estimation,…

  19. Effects of Character Education on the Self-Esteem of Intellectually Able and Less Able Elementary Students in Kuwait

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tannir, Abir; Al-Hroub, Anies

    2013-01-01

    This research study investigates effects of character education activities on the self-esteem of intellectually able and less able students in the lower elementary level in Kuwait. The participants were 39 students in grade three with an average age of eight years old. Students were first divided into two ability subgroups (intellectually able vs.…

  20. Relationship between Patterns of Personality of Campus Leaders and Scholastic Achievement in Elementary Schools: A Test of Holland's Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Butler, Linda Ann

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine student achievement as a function of principal personality and assistant principal personality in an elementary school setting. Student achievement, the dependent variable, was fifth grade campus mean scale scores on the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills test for reading, math, and science. Holland's…

  1. The Effects of Single-Sex Classrooms on Student Outcomes on Mathematics and Reading in an Elementary School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilson, Sylvia Yvonne Reddick

    2013-01-01

    The curriculum for elementary students has undergone a significant change in the past decade. This led to an increased expectation for higher academic performance for fifth grade students in the areas of reading and mathematics. Teachers seek innovative ways to provide instructional practices within their classrooms that will aid success for all…

  2. The Effectiveness of Psycho-Educational School-Based Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Training Program on Turkish Elementary Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cecen-Erogul, Ayse Rezan; Kaf Hasirci, Ozlem

    2013-01-01

    In Turkey, there is neither systematic nor structured child sexual abuse prevention programs for school-aged children in school settings. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a school-based child sexual abuse prevention program on elementary school (4th grade) students. Quasi-experimental design with pretest,…

  3. The Effects of the Cooperative Learning Method Supported by Multiple Intelligence Theory on Turkish Elementary Students' Mathematics Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isik, Dilek; Tarim, Kamuran

    2009-01-01

    In the present experimental study, the effects of the cooperative learning method supported by multiple intelligence theory (CLMI) on elementary school fourth grade students' academic achievement and retention towards the mathematics course were investigated. The participants of the study were 150 students who were divided into two experimental…

  4. How Do Elementary Textbooks Address Fractions? A Review of Mathematics Textbooks in the USA, Japan, and Kuwait

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alajmi, Amal Hussain

    2012-01-01

    Textbooks play an important part in the design of instruction. This study analyzed the presentation of fractions in textbooks designed for the elementary grades in Kuwait, Japan, and the USA. The analysis focused on the physical characteristics of the books, the structure of the lessons, and the nature of the mathematical problems presented.…

  5. Measuring the Mathematical Attitudes of Elementary Students: The Effects of a 4-Point or 5-Point Likert-Type Scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adelson, Jill L.; McCoach, D. Betsy

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare how students in Grades 3 to 6 respond to a mathematics attitudes instrument with a 4-point Likert-type scale compared with one with an additional neutral point (a 5-point Likert-type scale). The 606 participating students from six elementary and middle schools randomly received either the 4-point or 5-point…

  6. A Phenomenological Study of Homework from the Perspectives of Elementary Special Education Teachers of Students with Learning Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bennis, Candace L.

    2011-01-01

    Research has shown that students with learning disabilities often do not complete or submit their homework, which may lead to failing grades. The intent of this research was to examine the perceptions of elementary special teachers on assigning appropriate homework for these students. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to investigate…

  7. Teaching Academic Content and Literacy to English Learners in Elementary and Middle School. IES Practice Guide. NCEE 2014-4012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Scott; Lesaux, Nonie; Jayanthi, Madhavi; Dimino, Joseph; Proctor, C. Patrick; Morris, Joan; Gersten, Russell; Haymond, Kelly; Kieffer, Michael J.; Linan-Thompson, Sylvia; Newman-Gonchar, Rebecca

    2014-01-01

    As English learners face the double demands of building knowledge of a second language while learning complex grade-level content, teachers must find effective ways to make challenging content comprehensible for students. This updated English learner practice guide, "Teaching Academic Content and Literacy to English Learners in Elementary and…

  8. An Application of the L2 Motivational Self System to Motivate Elementary School English Learners in Singapore

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magid, Michael

    2014-01-01

    I will describe a program that I developed to motivate grade five elementary school learners of English in Singapore to put more time and effort into learning English by enhancing their vision of their Ideal second language (L2) self and making their goals for learning English more clear and specific. The Ideal L2 self is the representation of the…

  9. Mental health predicts better academic outcomes: a longitudinal study of elementary school students in Chile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, J Michael; Guzmán, Javier; McCarthy, Alyssa E; Squicciarini, Ana María; George, Myriam; Canenguez, Katia M; Dunn, Erin C; Baer, Lee; Simonsohn, Ariela; Smoller, Jordan W; Jellinek, Michael S

    2015-04-01

    The world's largest school-based mental health program, Habilidades para la Vida [Skills for Life (SFL)], has been operating on a national scale in Chile for 15 years. SFL's activities include using standardized measures to screen elementary school students and providing preventive workshops to students at risk for mental health problems. This paper used SFL's data on 37,397 students who were in first grade in 2009 and third grade in 2011 to ascertain whether first grade mental health predicted subsequent academic achievement and whether remission of mental health problems predicted improved academic outcomes. Results showed that mental health was a significant predictor of future academic performance and that, overall, students whose mental health improved between first and third grade made better academic progress than students whose mental health did not improve or worsened. Our findings suggest that school-based mental health programs like SFL may help improve students' academic outcomes. PMID:24771270

  10. Controlling Grade Inflation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanoyevitch, Alexander

    2008-01-01

    In this article concerning grade inflation, the author restricts his attention to the college and university level, although many of the tools and ideas developed here should be useful for high schools as well. The author considers the relationships between grades instructors assign and scores they receive on end-of-the semester student…

  11. Society of Behavioral Medicine position statement: elementary school-based physical activity supports academic achievement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buscemi, Joanna; Kong, Angela; Fitzgibbon, Marian L; Bustamante, Eduardo E; Davis, Catherine L; Pate, Russell R; Wilson, Dawn K

    2014-12-01

    The Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM) urges elementary schools to provide children with ample opportunities to engage in physical activity during school hours. In addition to promoting overall child health, physical activity also supports academic achievement. In addition to improving their aerobic fitness, regular physical activity improves cognitive function, influences the brain, and improves mood in children. Better aerobic fitness and physical activity are associated with increased grade point averages and standardized test scores. Despite the documented relationship between physical activity, fitness, and academic achievement, few schools have implemented physical activity as a tool to improve academic performance. SBM recommends that elementary schools provide children with the recommended 60 min of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity during school hours. Further, SBM urges schools to work with the local school districts and state education departments to mandate minimum physical activity time for elementary school physical education. PMID:25584093

  12. Urban Elementary Teachers' Perspectives on Teaching Science to English Language Learners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Okhee; Maerten-Rivera, Jaime; Buxton, Cory; Penfield, Randall; Secada, Walter G.

    2009-06-01

    This descriptive study examined urban elementary school teachers’ perceptions of their science content knowledge, science teaching practices, and support for language development of English language learners. Also examined were teachers’ perceptions of organizational supports and barriers associated with teaching science to nonmainstream students. The study involved 221 third- through fifth-grade teachers from 15 urban elementary schools in a large school district. The teachers completed a survey in the spring of 2005. The internal consistency reliability estimates, Cronbach ?, for scales created from the survey items were within an acceptable range. The teachers reported that they were generally knowledgeable about science topics at their grade level and that they taught science to promote students’ understanding and inquiry. In contrast, the teachers reported rarely discussing student diversity in their own teaching or with other teachers at their schools. The teachers identified specific organizational supports and barriers in teaching science with diverse student groups at both the school and classroom levels.

  13. Elementary principles of linear accelerators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    These lectures come in five sections. The first is this introduction. The second is a short chronology of what are viewed as important milestones in the field. The third covers proton linacs. It introduces elementary concepts such as transit time, shunt impedance, and Q. Critical issues such as phase stability and transverse forces are discussed. The fourth section contains an elementary discussion of waveguide accelerating structures. It can be regarded as an introduction to some of the more advanced treatments of the subject. The final section is devoted to electron accelerators. Taking SLAC as an example, various topics are discussed such as structure design, choice of parameters, frequency optimization, beam current, emittance, bunch length and beam loading. Recent developments and future challenges are mentioned briefly. 41 figures, 4 tables

  14. Elementary Particles A New Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FranciscoMartnezFlores.

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT It is shown the inexistence of neutrinos to define precisely the concept of relativistics mass under this scheme to elementarys particles as electron and interactions particles like photons correspond an electromagnetic and virtual mass. Nucleons protons and neutrons have real or inertial mass for being composite particles since inertia needs structure it is provided by an interactive network originated by strong and weak forces. This mass is building up atoms and all the material world under Classical Physics and Chemistrys laws.These actual masses may be considered as electromagnetic and virtual one thanks to its charge in order to establish the high energies level needed to obtain all particles physics elementary or not which are governed by the laws of Quantum Physics. With all this one may set up amore reasonable and understandable new Standard Model which being projected into Cosmological Model can get rid of some inconsistencies and concepts difficult to be admitted.

  15. Elementary thermodynamics of trapped particles

    OpenAIRE

    Ligare, Martin

    2002-01-01

    I develop simple thermodynamic relations for a collection of noninteracting classical particles confined in a harmonic trap. The volume of such a trap is not a good thermodynamic variable, so conventional expressions of the first law of thermodynamics and the ideal gas law must be modified. I use the frequency of oscillations about the minimum of the trap as an external parameter characterizing the confinement, and derive elementary relations between particle number, tempera...

  16. Physical properties of normal grade biodiesel and winter grade biodiesel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadrolhosseini, Amir Reza; Moksin, Mohd Maarof; Nang, Harrison Lau Lik; Norozi, Monir; Yunus, W Mahmood Mat; Zakaria, Azmi

    2011-01-01

    In this study, optical and thermal properties of normal grade and winter grade palm oil biodiesel were investigated. Surface Plasmon Resonance and Photopyroelectric technique were used to evaluate the samples. The dispersion curve and thermal diffusivity were obtained. Consequently, the variation of refractive index, as a function of wavelength in normal grade biodiesel is faster than winter grade palm oil biodiesel, and the thermal diffusivity of winter grade biodiesel is higher than the thermal diffusivity of normal grade biodiesel. This is attributed to the higher palmitic acid C(16:0) content in normal grade than in winter grade palm oil biodiesel. PMID:21731429

  17. Physical Properties of Normal Grade Biodiesel and Winter Grade Biodiesel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azmi Zakaria

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available In this study, optical and thermal properties of normal grade and winter grade palm oil biodiesel were investigated. Surface Plasmon Resonance and Photopyroelectric technique were used to evaluate the samples. The dispersion curve and thermal diffusivity were obtained. Consequently, the variation of refractive index, as a function of wavelength in normal grade biodiesel is faster than winter grade palm oil biodiesel, and the thermal diffusivity of winter grade biodiesel is higher than the thermal diffusivity of normal grade biodiesel. This is attributed to the higher palmitic acid C16:0 content in normal grade than in winter grade palm oil biodiesel.

  18. Exploring Music Practice among Sixth-Grade Band and Orchestra Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin, James R.; Berg, Margaret Haefner

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to describe the practice motivation and regulation of sixth-grade instrumentalists (11-12 years of age). A sample of 224 US band and orchestra students, representing 85 elementary schools, completed a 36-item practice inventory and produced two narratives depicting a typical practice session and a practice episode…

  19. Effects of Concept Cartoons on Mathematics Self-Efficacy of 7th Grade Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sengul, Sare

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of concept cartoons on the students' perception of their levels of self-efficacy towards mathematics. The research has been designed as the pre-test post-test with quasi experimental control group. The research participants are composed of 94 7th grade students attending an elementary school…

  20. Communities and Regions in Germany, Social Studies Grades 3-4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blankenship, Glen

    This packet is a primary/elementary instructional package targeted at grades 3-4. The lessons are presented as a travelogue, stressing basic map and globe/geography skills and presenting case studies of communities (cities/towns/villages) across Germany. The materials focus on a comparative U.S./German perspective. The lessons include: (1)…

  1. Human Language, Unit I: Language Curriculum, Level D [Grade Four]; Teacher's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oregon Univ., Eugene. Oregon Elementary English Project.

    Developed by the Oregon Elementary English Project, the lessons in this first of a two-part unit on the human language are built around Luther Click, a boy who turns into different animals to show that different creatures have different means of communicating. Intended for grades three and four, the six lessons develop the concept that different…

  2. Human Language, Unit II: Language Curriculum, Level C [Grade Three]; Teacher's Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oregon Univ., Eugene. Oregon Elementary English Project.

    Developed by the Oregon Elementary English Project, the lessons in this second of a two-part unit on the human language intended for grades three and four revolve around the character Sad Sam, who gets lost in the woods and happens to observe four animals (bears, raccoons, geese, and robins). Having been introduced to Sad Sam in lesson 1, the…

  3. A Study on the Intelligence Profiles of Taiwan Indigenous Students: The Case of Second Grade Pupils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Wei-Yu; Teele, Sue

    2009-01-01

    This paper attempts to develop an intelligence-fair assessment tool to explore the intelligence profiles of 15 second grade Amis pupils. This study was conducted in an elementary school in Taiwan with a largely Amis population of lower socioeconomic status. The results illustrate that the most developed intelligence for eight pupils was musical…

  4. Mourning Child Grief Support Group Curriculum: Middle Childhood Edition, Grades 3-6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmann, Linda; Jimerson, Shane R.; Gaasch, Ann

    The Mourning Child Early Childhood grief support curriculum is intended for use with late elementary and middle school-aged children, specifically children in grades three through six, who have experienced the death of someone special to them. It is designed for use by professionals who work in schools, hospitals, hospices, mental health agencies,…

  5. Mourning Child Grief Support Group Curriculum: Early Childhood Edition, Kindergarten-Grade 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmann, Linda; Jimerson, Shane R.; Gaasch, Ann

    The Mourning Child Early Childhood grief support curriculum is intended for use with early elementary-aged children, specifically children in kindergarten through grade two, who have experienced the death of someone special to them. It is designed for use by professionals who work in schools, hospitals, hospices, mental health agencies, or any…

  6. Who's Reading and Why: Reading Habits of 1st Grade through Graduate Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Camp, Deanne

    2007-01-01

    The habit of reading develops over a period of time. This study explored reading habits across a wide range of students. An open-ended survey of reading habits involved 242 participants from grades 1, 4, 6, 8, 11, undergraduate non-education majors, undergraduate elementary majors, and graduate reading majors. As data were analyzed, themes emerged…

  7. Examining the Influence of a Mobile Learning Intervention on Third Grade Math Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiger, Derick; Herro, Dani; Prunty, Deb

    2012-01-01

    Third grade students at a Midwestern elementary school participated in a 9-week mobile learning intervention (MLI). Two classrooms used Everyday Math and daily practice using flashcards, etc., to learn multiplication. Two other classrooms used Everyday Math and web applications for the iPod touch for daily practice. MLI students outperformed…

  8. Concept Mapping in Science Class: A Case Study of Fifth Grade Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asan, Askin

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this research project was to determine the effects of incorporating concept mapping on the achievement of fifth grade students in science class. The study was conducted with twenty-three students at Ata Elementary School, Trabzon, Turkey. The students were tested with teacher-constructed pre- and post tests containing 20…

  9. The Relationships among Language Ability, Emotion Regulation and Social Competence in Second-Grade Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monopoli, W. John; Kingston, Sharon

    2012-01-01

    Relationships exist between language ability, emotion regulation, and social competence in preschool children. This study examines how these relationships function in elementary school children, and explores whether language ability partially mediates the relationship between emotion regulation and social competence. Second-grade students (N = 67)…

  10. "Making the Difficult Choice": Understanding Georgia's Test-Based Grade Retention Policy in Reading

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huddleston, Andrew P.

    2015-01-01

    The author uses Bourdieu's concepts of field, capital, and habitus to analyze how students, parents, teachers, and administrators are responding to Georgia's test-based grade retention policy in reading at one Georgia elementary school. In this multiple case study, the author interviewed, observed, and collected documents regarding ten fifth…

  11. Epistemological Beliefs of Third-Grade Students in an Investigation-Rich Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kittleson, Julie M.

    2011-01-01

    As part of becoming scientifically literate, students should come to appreciate epistemic aspects of science. Little research has been conducted on elementary students' epistemological beliefs specific to science education. This study offers insights into third-grade students' epistemological beliefs while paying attention to the intersection of…

  12. Becoming a fluent and automatic reader in the early elementary school years

    OpenAIRE

    SCHWANENFLUGEL, PAULA J.; Meisinger, Elizabeth B.; Wisenbaker, Joseph M.; Kuhn, Melanie R.; STRAUSS, GREGORY P.; Morris, Robin D

    2006-01-01

    The goals of this study were to (a) develop an empirically based model regarding the development of fluent and automatic reading in the early elementary school years and (b) determine whether fluent text-reading skills provided benefits for reading comprehension beyond those accounted for by fluent word decoding. First-, second-, and third-grade children completed a series of reading tasks targeting word and nonword processing, text reading, spelling knowledge, autonomous reading, and reading...

  13. Internet Addiction Among Elementary and Middle School Students in China: A Nationally Representative Sample Study

    OpenAIRE

    Li, YaJun; Zhang, Xinghui; Lu, Furong; Zhang, Qin; Wang, Yun

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of Internet addiction in a nationally representative sample of Chinese elementary and middle school students and to investigate Internet addiction among Internet users with different usages. The data were from the National Children's Study of China (NCSC) in which 24,013 fourth- to ninth-grade students were recruited from 100 counties in 31 provinces in China. Only 54.2% of the students had accessed the Internet. According to the criteri...

  14. Music activities in elementary school led by a primary education teacher

    OpenAIRE

    Jekovec, Lucija

    2011-01-01

    Primary education teacher has a major impact on musical activities of children during the period of the first to the fifth grade of elemetary school. The quality of these activities depends mostly on his professional qualifications, personal characteristics, motivation, innovation and awareness of the positive effects of music on a child. I performed a case study in three elementary schools involving three primary education teachers. In this case study I have explored the quantity, limitation...

  15. FORMS OF MOVEMENT IN TERMS OF ELEMENTARY GAMES THE TEACHING OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION

    OpenAIRE

    Igor Stanojevi?; Dejan Milenkovi?

    2013-01-01

    A sample of 60 respondents was drawn from the population of students of the third grade of primary school in Nis, aged nine ± 6 months, male, who attend regular physical education classes. Subsample of 30 respondents worked on speed and strength development through elementary games at additional physical education classes (experimental group), while the control group had only regular physical education classes defined by primary school curriculum. The aim of this study was to determine the ef...

  16. Using First-Grade Teacher Ratings to Predict Third-Grade English Language Arts and Mathematics Achievement on a High-Stakes Statewide Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorinda J. GALLANT

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Early childhood professional organizations support teachers as the best assessors of students’ academic, social, emotional, and physical development. This study investigates the predictive nature of teacher ratings of first-grade students’ performance on a standards-based curriculum-embedded performance assessment within the context of a state accountability system. The sample includes 4292 elementary school students cross-classified by 131 first-grade and 137 third-grade schools attended. This study uses extant statewide assessment data for students located in a state in the southeastern part of the United States. Controlling for student and school demographic variables in cross-classified random effects multilevel models, first-grade teacher ratings—as reflected by domain scores on a performance assessment—are found to positively and significantly correlate with students’ third-grade academic achievement.

  17. Implementation of the obligations of the Convention on Nuclear Safety - 6th national report of Switzerland to the Convention in accordance with its article 5

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    After a short description of Switzerland as a state in the middle of Europe and of its political organization, the report explains the development of the nuclear power from the first experimental reactor in 1957. Presently five nuclear power plants (NPP) are operating in Switzerland, producing about 40% of the electricity consumption of the country, the rest being produced essentially by hydroelectric plants. As the first regulatory authority, the Swiss Federal Nuclear Safety Commission was set up in 1960, which evolved to the Swiss Nuclear Safety Inspectorate (ENSI). Switzerland signed the Convention on Nuclear Safety (CNS) which came into force at the end of 1996. Since there, Switzerland has prepared and submitted the country reports for the regular Review Meetings of Contracting Countries. This 6th report by ENSI provides an update on compliance with CNS obligations. It gives consideration to issues that aroused particular interest at the 5th meeting and at the extraordinary meeting dedicated to the consequences of the accident at Fukushima Daiichi. Shortly after the accident at Fukushima Daiichi, the Swiss government has decided to phase out nuclear energy; existing plants will continue to operate as long as they are safe. In Switzerland, on-going activities regarding safety assessment of the different stages in the lifetime of nuclear installations consist of periodic assessments and assessments of long-term operation for existing Swiss NPPs. Such assessments have been performed for two Swiss NPPs (Beznau NPP and Muehleberg NPP) which have been in commercial operation for over 40 years. A detailed examination demonstrated that the conditions for the taking out of service of an NPP are not and will not be reached by these two plants within the next 10 years. Nevertheless, it is mandatory to continue with the scheduled ageing management, maintenance and backfitting activities. After the Fukushima accident, additional safety reviews were performed. All Swiss NPPs were required to back-fit two additional external feed options to resupply spent fuel pools with coolant. An external storage facility at Reitnau has been in place since June 2011, containing various operational resources for emergencies that can readily be called up. Mobile accident management equipment stored on-site has been significantly upgraded. In conclusion, all Swiss NPPs have undergone the safety review process required under the Convention and have incorporated the improvements identified in the respective safety review reports. The Swiss policy of continuous improvement to NPPs based on the current state of the art of science and technology ensures a high level of safety

  18. Meal skipping relates to food choice, understanding of nutrition labeling, and prevalence of obesity in Korean fifth grade children

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Hye-Young; Lee, Na-Rae; Lee, Jung-Sug; Choi, Young-Sun; Kwak, Tong-Kyung; Chung, Hae Rang; Kwon, Sehyug; Choi, Youn-Ju; Lee, Soon-Kyu; Kang, Myung-Hee

    2012-01-01

    This study was performed to investigate the differences in food choice, nutrition labeling perceptions, and prevalence of obesity due to meal skipping in Korean elementary school children. A national survey was performed in 2010 to collect data on food intake frequency, understanding of nutrition labeling, and body mass index from 2,335 fifth grade students in 118 elementary schools selected from 16 metropolitan local governments by stratified cluster sampling. The data were analyzed using th...

  19. Report on the 3'rd scientific meeting of the "Verein zur Förderung des Wissenschaftlichen Nachwuchses in der Neurologie" (NEUROWIND e.V.) held in Motzen, Germany, Nov. 4'th - Nov. 6'th, 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Kleinschnitz Christoph; Meuth Sven G; Magnus Tim; Korn Thomas; Linker Ralf A

    2012-01-01

    Abstract From November 4th- 6th 2011, the 3rd NEUROWIND e.V. meeting was held in Motzen, Brandenburg, Germany. Like in the previous years, the meeting provided an excellent platform for scientific exchange and the presentation of innovative projects for young colleagues in the fields of neurovascular research, neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration. As kick-off to the scientific sessions, Reinhard Hohlfeld, Head of the Institute for Clinical Neuroimmunology in Munich, gave an illustrious ove...

  20. Report on the 6th scientific meeting of the “Verein zur Förderung des Wissenschaftlichen Nachwuchses in der Neurologie” (NEUROWIND e.V.) held in Motzen, Germany, Oct. 31th – Nov. 2nd, 2014

    OpenAIRE

    Kleinschnitz, Christoph; Ralf A. Linker; Magnus, Tim; Korn, Thomas; Meuth, Sven G.

    2015-01-01

    From October 31th – November 2nd, 2014, the 6th NEUROWIND e.V. meeting was held in Motzen, Brandenburg, Germany. 70 doctoral students and postdocs from over 25 different groups working in German and Swiss university hospitals or research institutes attended the meeting to discuss their latest experiments and findings in the fields of neuroimmunology, neurodegeneration and neurovascular research. The meeting was regarded as a very well organized platform to support research of young investigat...

  1. Genomics in personalized cancer medicine and its impact on early drug development in China: report from the 6th Annual Meeting of the US Chinese Anti-Cancer Association (USCACA) at the 50th ASCO Annual Meeting

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Wei; Cheng, Shi-Yuan; Hou, Li-Fang; Yan, Li; Tong, Yun-Guang

    2014-01-01

    The 6th Annual Meeting of the United States Chinese Anti-Cancer Association (USCACA) was held in conjunction with the 50th Annual Meeting of American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) on May 30, 2014 in Chicago, Illinois, the United States of America. With a focus on personalized medicine, the conference featured novel approaches to investigate genomic aberrations in cancer cells and innovative clinical trial designs to expedite cancer drug development in biomarker-defined patient populatio...

  2. Functionally Graded Media

    OpenAIRE

    Campos, Cédric M.; Epstein, Marcelo; de León, Manuel

    2007-01-01

    The notions of uniformity and homogeneity of elastic materials are reviewed in terms of Lie groupoids and frame bundles. This framework is also extended to consider the case Functionally Graded Media, which allows us to obtain some homogeneity conditions.

  3. Quantized dual graded graphs

    OpenAIRE

    Lam, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    We study quantized dual graded graphs, which are graphs equipped with linear operators satisfying the relation DU - qUD = rI. We construct examples based upon: the Fibonacci poset, permutations, standard Young tableau, and plane binary trees.

  4. Investigating the Relationships Among Elementary School Students' Epistemological Beliefs, Metacognition, and Constructivist Science Learning Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yilmaz-Tüzün, Özgül; Topcu, Mustafa Sami

    2010-03-01

    The research questions addressed in this study were: what types of epistemological beliefs do elementary students have; what types of metacognition do elementary students have; and what are the relationships among students’ perceived characteristics of constructivist learning environment, metacognition, and epistemological beliefs. A total of 626 students enrolled in sixth, seventh, and eight grades of nine elementary public schools located in Ankara, Turkey constituted the participants of this study. Constructivist learning environment survey (CLES), Junior metacognitive awareness inventory (Jr. MAI), and Schommer epistemological belief questionnaire (EB) were administered to students. Factor Analysis of Jr. MAI revealed both knowledge of cognition and regulation of cognition items were loaded into one factor. Confirmatory factor analysis of EB revealed a four factor structure namely innate ability, quick learning, omniscient authority, and certain knowledge. Regression analyses revealed that metacognition and omniscient authority were significant predictors of personal relevance dimension of CLES. Metacognition was found as the only predictor of the student negotiation. Innate ability and metacognition significantly contributed to uncertainty. This study revealed that the elementary students with different mastery levels hold different epistemological beliefs and multi-faceted nature of elementary school students’ metacognition was seemed to be supported with this study. It was found that metacognition contributed to model more than epistemological beliefs for all three dimensions of CLES.

  5. Bruxism defined and graded

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lobbezoo, F; Ahlberg, J; Glaros, A G; Kato, T; Koyano, K; Lavigne, G J; de Leeuw, R; Manfredini, D; Svensson, P; Winocur, E

    2013-01-01

    To date, there is no consensus about the definition and diagnostic grading of bruxism. A written consensus discussion was held among an international group of bruxism experts as to formulate a definition of bruxism and to suggest a grading system for its operationalisation. The expert group defined bruxism as a repetitive jaw-muscle activity characterised by clenching or grinding of the teeth and/or by bracing or thrusting of the mandible. Bruxism has two distinct circadian manifestations: it ca...

  6. Relevance of Videogames in the Learning and Development of Young Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Zhuxuan; Linaza-Iglesias, José L.

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: The study was carried out with children of 2nd, 4th and 6th grades of elementary school in order to explore what and how will children learn from a completely new videogame. Method: We organized children from 2nd, 4th and 6th grades of elemental school, giving them chance to play a freshly released videogame by that time. We formed…

  7. Elementary linear programming with applications

    CERN Document Server

    Kolman, Bernard

    1995-01-01

    Linear programming finds the least expensive way to meet given needs with available resources. Its results are used in every area of engineering and commerce: agriculture, oil refining, banking, and air transport. Authors Kolman and Beck present the basic notions of linear programming and illustrate how they are used to solve important common problems. The software on the included disk leads students step-by-step through the calculations. The Second Edition is completely revised and provides additional review material on linear algebra as well as complete coverage of elementary linear program

  8. Time of elementary processes -I-

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Problems of the time arrow are approached from the point of view of the elementary processes physic which is interested by matter ultimate components and by fundamental interactions they are involved in. The general theoretical part of this physic is the quantum fields theory which realizes the marriage of the special relativity and of the quantum theory. Taking the causality principle into account leads to an enrichment of this physic with new concepts and new symmetries which are discussed in relation with the time arrow. (A.B.). 4 figs

  9. Physical Properties of Normal Grade Biodiesel and Winter Grade Biodiesel

    OpenAIRE

    Azmi Zakaria; W. Mahmood Mat Yunus; Monir Norozi; Harrison Lau Lik Nang; Mohd Maarof Moksin; Amir Reza Sadrolhosseini

    2011-01-01

    In this study, optical and thermal properties of normal grade and winter grade palm oil biodiesel were investigated. Surface Plasmon Resonance and Photopyroelectric technique were used to evaluate the samples. The dispersion curve and thermal diffusivity were obtained. Consequently, the variation of refractive index, as a function of wavelength in normal grade biodiesel is faster than winter grade palm oil biodiesel, and the thermal diffusivity of winter grade biodiesel is higher than the the...

  10. Prevalência de acuidade visual reduzida nos alunos da primeira série do ensino fundamental das redes pública estadual e privada de Londrina-PR, no ano de 2000 / Reduced visual acuity prevalence in first grade school children of elementary state public and private schools of Londrina - PR, Brazil, in 2000

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Gerson Jorge Aparecido, Lopes; Antônio Marcelo Barbante, Casella; Cristiane Assami, Chuí.

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Verificar a prevalência de acuidade visual reduzida em estudantes da 1ª série do ensino fundamental das redes pública estadual e privada de Londrina -- PR, zona urbana; comparar essas prevalências; verificar e comparar a prevalência de escolares utilizando correção óptica por ocasião do t [...] este de acuidade visual e descrever as causas da acuidade visual reduzida nessa população. Métodos: Teste de acuidade visual foi realizado em 1688 alunos das escolas públicas estaduais e 611 alunos das escolas privadas. As crianças com acuidade visual menor ou igual a 0,7 foram encaminhadas para exame oftalmológico. Resultados: A prevalência de acuidade visual reduzida foi de 17,1% na rede pública estadual e 19,8% na rede privada, cuja diferença não tem significância estatística. A prevalência de escolares usando óculos foi de 2,4% na rede estadual e de 3,6% na rede privada; sem diferença estatisticamente significativa entre estes resultados. As causas de acuidade visual reduzida foram erro refracional, ambliopia, estrabismo e outras causas. Conclusão: A prevalência de acuidade visual reduzida entre escolares das redes pública estadual e privada foi estatisticamente igual, bem como a prevalência de escolares utilizando correção óptica. As causas de acuidade visual reduzida foram erro refracional, ambliopia, estrabismo, afacia por catarata congênita, catarata congênita zonular, persistência de vítreo primário hiperplásico, palidez do nervo óptico e alteração macular. Abstract in english Purpose: To analyze the prevalence of reduced visual acuity in students of elementary state public and private schools of Londrina's urban area; to compare the prevalence of reduced visual acuity in children of state public and private schools; to analyze and compare the prevalence of children weari [...] ng eye-glasses, and to describe the causes of reduced vision in this population. Methods: The visual acuity test was performed in 1688 school children of state public schools and in 611 school children of private schools. The children with visual acuity 0.7 or worse in one of the eyes were directed to a ophthalmic examination. Results: The reduced visual acuity prevalence in school children was 17.1% in state public schools, and 19.8% in private schools; this difference does not have statistical significance. The prevalence of children wearing eyeglasses was 2.4% in state public schools and 3.6% in private schools, without statistical significance between these results. The causes of reduced visual acuity were refractive errors, amblyopia, strabismus and other causes. Conclusion: The prevalence of reduced visual acuity in students of elementary state public and private schools was statistically the same, as well as the prevalence of children wearing eyeglasses. The causes of reduced visual acuity were refractive errors, amblyopia, strabismus, congenital cataract aphakia, zonular congenital cataract, persistent of the hyperplastic primary vitreous, optic nerve atrophy and macular disorder.

  11. Using Anticipatory Reading Guides to Improve Elementary Students’ Comprehension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evan Ortlieb

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available One of the greatest challenges of an elementary school teacher is equipping students with comprehension strategies that transfer to all content areas. With stable levels of reading achievement over the last two decades in the United States, it is necessary that further research be conducted on methods of increasing students’ comprehension proficiencies. This experimental research study explores the use of an anticipatory reading guide with third grade struggling readers across multiple subject areas. Findings indicate that the experimental treatment group outperformed the control group by a statistically significant rate on both reading and content area measures, indicating that when struggling readers practice and use strategies to explicitly think what will be asked of them after reading the passage they perform at higher levels.

  12. Dilemmas of Teaching Inquiry in Elementary Science Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, William J.; Abell, Sandra K.; Hubbard, Paula D.; et al.

    2004-08-01

    Because various definitions of inquiry exist in the science education literature and in classroom practice, elementary science methods students and instructors face dilemmas during the study of inquiry. Using field notes, instructor anecdotal notes, student products, and course artifacts, science methods course instructors created fictional journal entries to represent the experiences of both the instructors and students during instruction on inquiry. Identified dilemmas were varying definitions of inquiry, the struggle to provide sufficient inquiry-based science-learning experiences, perceived time constraints, determining how much course time should be slated for science instruction versus pedagogy instruction, instructors'' and students'' lack of inquiry-based learning experiences, grade versus trust issues, and students'' science phobia. Instructors'' attempts at dealing with these dilemmas included using analogies, increased field-experience time, modeling, and detailed rubrics.

  13. Elementary Students' Acquisition of Academic Vocabulary Through Engineering Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kugelmass, Rachel

    This study examines how STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) inquiry-based learning through a hands-on engineering design can be beneficial in helping students acquire academic vocabulary. This research took place in a second grade dual- language classroom in a public, suburban elementary school. English language learners, students who speak Spanish at home, and native English speakers were evaluated in this study. Each day, students were presented with a general academic vocabulary focus word during an engineering design challenge. Vocabulary pre-tests and post-tests as well as observation field notes were used to evaluate the student's growth in reading and defining the focus academic vocabulary words. A quiz and KSB (knowledge and skill builder) packet were used to evaluate students' knowledge of science and math content and engineering design. The results of this study indicate that engineering design is an effective means for teaching academic vocabulary to students with varying levels of English proficiency.

  14. An evaulation on adequacy of sixth year elementary school mathematics curriculum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ersen Yaz?c?

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to determine adequacy of new 6th Years Elementary Mathematics Curriculum which was introduced in 2006. The determination consisted of attainability of objectives with suitability of patterns to structure of mathematics in the objectives. Experimental design was used in the study. The study carried out from a total of 120 students as experiment (60 and control (60 group. Specially constructed mathematics lessons plans and the selected methods have been applied to the experiment group while the control group does their ordinary works in mathematics. As a result; students’ achievement both in mean success and achievement level in experiment group are higher than the control group. Both groups’ overall successes (0.56 and 0.36 were not satisfactory (?0.75. Thus, it can be said that both groups were not able to attain aimed targets with unconvinced teaching and learning process.Extended AbstractThe aim of this study is to determine adequacy of new 6th Years Elementary Mathematics Curriculum which was introduced in 2006. The determination consisted of attainability of objectives with suitability of patterns to structure of mathematics in the objectives. This research has been done with sixth year elementary students from two different schools in similar socio-economic parts of Konya in the first semester of 2006-2007 academic years. Experimental design was used in the study. The study carried out from a total of 120 students as experiment (60 and control (60 group.The study based on the new Elementary Mathematics Curriculum (6-8 years which is put into action by Ministry of National Education (MEB in 2006. Specially constructed mathematics lessons plans (developed by the researcher and the selected methods have been applied to the experiment group while the control group does their ordinary works in mathematics. Study had been continued for the first semester of 2006-2007 academic years. All courses of experiment group were executed by the researcher and courses of control group were executed by the teacher of them. Students in experiment and control groups haven't been allowed to communicate each other by the study to avoid knowledge dealing.Data has been collected using specially developed mathematics tests at the end of the academic semester for both of the groups simultaneously. Mathematics tests have 32 multiple choice questions. Developing process of the test started with construction of suitable items. A pilot version was constructed using the most suitable 75 multiple choice questions. In this version, minimum 2 or 3 questions for each of 32 objectives (appendix 3 have been included to test the adequacy of the elementary mathematics curriculum. The pilot version has been applied to 112 6th year students who are from another elementary school in Konya. Items that answered correctly by students were scored by 1 point, and items answered incorrectly, empty or multiple by students were scored by 0 point. Pilot data has been formed by using these points. Item analyses have been conducted on the pilot data. By the item analyses, 32 of 75 questions (one for each of objectives were selected to use in the Mathematics test. In item selection process, discriminating powers and item difficulties were used. KR-20 reliability of test has been estimated as 0.88.Findings were used to determine attainability of objectives and suitability of the pattern in objectives in the elementary mathematics curriculum to structure of mathematics. Findings were also used to compare the experiment and control groups' results. Descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation and percentage were used to determine attainability of objectives. In addition, one-sample t-test and percentage of right answers were used to determine differences of percentages from acceptable level of learning; 0.75 (Bloom 1998. Independent samples t-test and variation coefficients were used to compare groups. Tetrachoric correlation coefficients were used to determine the relationships of objectives in elementary mathematics

  15. Physics of the elementary particles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author of this book gives a true picture of elementary particle physics. This is not at all a simple field in its steady aim for simplicity and unification, but an ever-attractive and rapidly developing one. Although primarily intended for physicists, the book addresses a wider circle of readers: University lecturers, scientists and students of natural sciences, as well as all those who are interested and have some knowledge of physical thinking and simple mathematical term formation. The book combines two different aspects, i.e. the popular and the professional. The systematical main part (with an update) is supplemented by an appendix containing the physical unit systems used in high-energy physics and a small glossary of over 100 special terms of elementary particle and accelerator physics. This helps the reader to overcome the 'barriers of scientific language' as well as to see the relationships between the theoretical terms developed in the past 10-20 years and the experimentally discovered facts; it enables the reader to recognize the character of the phenomena as well as the possible break-through points in the physical picture of the world. (orig.) With 48 figs., 1 tab

  16. Quantum mechanics from elementary view

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This book offers an introduction to quantum mechanics as well as interesting supplements up to the beginnings of quantum field theory. A comprehensive mathematical block facilitates the access. It is rich on examples and otherwise mostly not findable calculations, which make it so transparent in its results. It likes the historical relations and brings so the feeling how much has been grown from the past. It brings also a short outline about relativity theory up to the understanding of the term ''metrics''. The spotlight holds the term product space, by means of which quantum mechanics is put together to a practicable theory. A simpler notation for instance at the Dirac equation facilitates also the understanding. On the mathematical side it is above all the term distributive law as well as the term linear combination, which lead so simple transparent definitions fast to more general. Generally it is tried to find an as possible elementary access to at least not elementary connections. So may it be for many both instructive and interesting

  17. Graded-index magnonics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davies, C. S.; Kruglyak, V. V.

    2015-10-01

    The wave solutions of the Landau-Lifshitz equation (spin waves) are characterized by some of the most complex and peculiar dispersion relations among all waves. For example, the spin-wave ("magnonic") dispersion can range from the parabolic law (typical for a quantum-mechanical electron) at short wavelengths to the nonanalytical linear type (typical for light and acoustic phonons) at long wavelengths. Moreover, the long-wavelength magnonic dispersion has a gap and is inherently anisotropic, being naturally negative for a range of relative orientations between the effective field and the spin-wave wave vector. Nonuniformities in the effective field and magnetization configurations enable the guiding and steering of spin waves in a deliberate manner and therefore represent landscapes of graded refractive index (graded magnonic index). By analogy to the fields of graded-index photonics and transformation optics, the studies of spin waves in graded magnonic landscapes can be united under the umbrella of the graded-index magnonics theme and are reviewed here with focus on the challenges and opportunities ahead of this exciting research direction.

  18. Multiple Goals and Homework Involvement in Elementary School Students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valle, Antonio; Pan, Irene; Núñez, José C; Rodríguez, Susana; Rosário, Pedro; Regueiro, Bibiana

    2015-01-01

    This work arises from the need to investigate the role of motivational variables in homework involvement and academic achievement of elementary school students. The aims of this study are twofold: identifying the different combinations of student academic goals and analyzing the differences in homework involvement and academic achievement. The sample was composed of 535 fourth-, fifth- and sixth-grade elementary school students, between the ages of 9 and 13 years old. Findings showed three groups with different motivational profiles: a group of students with high multiple goals, another group with a learning goal orientation and a third group defined by a low multiple goals profile. Focusing on the differences between groups, it was observed that the amount of time doing homework was not associated with any motivational profile. Nevertheless, the differences were statistically significant between the motivational groups in the amount of homework (F(2, 530) = 42.59; p management of time spent on homework (F(2, 530) = 33.08; p academic achievement (F(2, 530) = 33.99; p management of time and academic achievement. PMID:26502792

  19. Supporting elementary science education for English learners: An evaluation instrument to promote constructivist teaching

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibbons, Beatrice Lowney

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop an evaluation instrument to be used by elementary school administrators in the promotion of constructivist teaching of elementary science for English Learners using a qualitative and quantitative design that identified effective instructional strategies to be included on the evaluation instrument. This study was conducted in fifth grade classrooms of predominately English Learners whose teachers are CLAD-certified, tenured teachers with at least three years of teaching experience. The classroom observations took place within a multicultural school district with predominantly Hispanic and Filipino students in the Southern San Joaquin Valley of California. The evaluation instrument was used to observe these teachers teach elementary science lessons to classrooms of predominately English Learners. The frequency of the use of the ELD/SDAIE instructional strategies were noted on the evaluation instrument with a check mark, indicating the fact that an instructional technique was employed by the teacher. These observation visits revealed what type of instructional strategies were being utilized in the teaching of science to fifth grade English Learners, whether these CLAD-certified teachers were using ELD strategies, and whether the incidence of ELD/SDAIE constructivist instructional techniques increased with the repeated use of the evaluation instrument. As a result of this study, an evaluation instrument to be utilized by school administrators in the evaluation of elementary science instruction to English Learners was developed. The repeated use of this evaluation instrument coupled with preobservation and postobservation conferences may result in the increase in frequency of ELD/SDAIE methodology and constructivist strategies listed on the evaluation instrument in the elementary science classroom.

  20. Running an Elementary School Astronomy Club: Engaging Children in the Wonders of Space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mayo, L.; Odenwald, S.; Lundberg, C.; Dimarco, A.

    2000-10-01

    ``At the elementary school level, children are motivated by two things, dinosaurs and space" (Dr. Harold Williams, Montgomery College Planetarium Director). Yet, many elementary school science objectives include only the most basic astronomical concepts. Some ignore the subject all together in favor of more traditional courses (e.g. math and reading) or Earth science based curricula such as weather and local ecosystems. In addition, most elementary school teachers are unfamiliar with astronomical concepts and are poorly equipped to teach the subject. With teacher requirements increasing due to increasing class sizes, state competency exams, and a back to basics political climate, there is often little room to capitalize on the natural sense of curiosity children have about the universe during the normal school day. An after school astronomy club can provide a solution. In this paper, we present a model for setting up and running an after school astronomy club for students in grades 3-6. Our model was developed at two Maryland schools, Sligo Creek Elementary and Holy Redeemer Elementary/Middle School and incorporates national education standards as well as NASA OSS guidelines for effective education outreach programs. We propose here, a Community Based Learning (CBL) approach with the goal of engaging multiple elements of the community in the learning process including local amateur astronomy clubs, industry, community colleges, parents, and teachers. Methods for using astronomy as a basis for teaching reading, writing, math, and presentation skills are introduced. Resources, teaching methods, preparation guidelines, discipline, and safety are discussed and a list of grade appropriate, hands-on astronomy activities is presented along with procedures and expected outcomes.

  1. Universe as a laboratory of elementary particles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khlopov, M.Yu.

    1985-01-01

    Role of astrophysical methods for checking of versions of elementary particle theory is stated in a popular form. It is shown using axion problem, ''hidden'' mass of Universe and relict gravitinos that analysis of astrophysical sequences of elementary particle models permits to establish the permissibility of either theory assumptions.

  2. Preservice Elementary Teachers' Images of Inventors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rule, Audrey C.; Bisbo, Erica Lyn; Waloven, Valerie

    2008-01-01

    Technology and invention are an integral part of the elementary school science curriculum, addressed by national standards. Student drawings of scientists have been studied extensively, but little is known of student mental conceptions and drawings of inventors. To uncover student's images of inventors, ninety preservice elementary teachers at a…

  3. Elementary quadratic chaotic flows with no equilibria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jafari, Sajad, E-mail: sajadjafari@aut.ac.ir [Biomedical Engineering Department, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran 15875-4413 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Sprott, J.C. [Department of Physics, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Hashemi Golpayegani, S. Mohammad Reza [Biomedical Engineering Department, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran 15875-4413 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2013-03-15

    Three methods are used to produce a catalog of seventeen elementary three-dimensional chaotic flows with quadratic nonlinearities that have the unusual feature of lacking any equilibrium points. It is likely that most if not all the elementary examples of such systems have now been identified.

  4. Getting Elementary Students Involved in Band

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Patience

    2009-01-01

    The author discusses getting elementary students involved in a band. The goals of an elementary band instructor should include introduction of good practice habits, working within an ensemble, and rehearsal procedures, along with the focusing on the essentials of music. Instructors should let students use the basic instruments: flute, clarinet,…

  5. Science for All: Empowering Elementary School Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plonczak, Irene

    2008-01-01

    This article addresses issues that are related to the empowerment of elementary teachers through teaching and learning science in socially and culturally meaningful contexts. It is based on the analysis of the attitudes and relationship to science of 10 elementary school teachers from inner city schools in Caracas, Venezuela. In the context of a…

  6. Student Leadership Education in Elementary Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hess, Lindsay

    2010-01-01

    As I began my career as a teacher, I assumed leadership education would naturally be integrated into the elementary classroom curriculum because I was intrigued by this topic. However, as I spent more time in the classroom I quickly realized leadership skills were not part of regular classroom learning or practice for elementary age students. I…

  7. Unraveling simplicity in elementary cellular automata

    OpenAIRE

    Meunier, Pierre-Étienne

    2014-01-01

    We show that a large number of elementary cellular automata are computationally simple. This work is the first systematic classification of elementary cellular automata based on a formal notion of computational complexity. Thanks to the generality of communication complexity, the perspectives of our method include its application to other natural systems such as neural networks and gene regulatory networks.

  8. A Note on Elementary Cellular Automata Classification

    OpenAIRE

    Martinez, Genaro J.

    2013-01-01

    We overview and compare classifications of elementary cellular automata, including Wolfram's, Wuensche's, Li and Packard, communication complexity, power spectral, topological, surface, compression, lattices, and morphological diversity classifications. This paper summarises several classifications of elementary cellular automata (ECA) and compares them with a newly proposed one, that induced by endowing rules with memory.

  9. Elementary School Teachers and Teaching with Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varol, Filiz

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to identify the relationship between elementary school teachers' ICT engagement with their attitudes towards technology. To this end, one hundred elementary school students were asked to fill out questionnaires related to their ICT knowledge, usage, and attitude towards technology. The results show that teachers' ICT…

  10. ANALYSING THE DEPRESSION STATES OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS WHO DO SPORTS OR NOT ACCORDING TO SOME VARIABLES

    OpenAIRE

    ARSLAN, Cengiz; Mehmet GÜLLÜ; TUTAL, Varol

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyse the depression states of elementary school students who are in the second grade at school and do sports or not according to some variables.There are 251 students who do sports (amateur athletes,play in school teams etc.) at city center elementary schools of Malatya and there are 251 students who do not sports in the analysing group so totally there are 502 students in the analysing group.Kolmogorov-Smirnov test has been applied to research datas and it ...

  11. The Investigation of relation between elementary school second grade students’ self-esteem, different skills and assertiveness levels ?lkö?retim II. kademe ö?rencilerinde benlik sayg?s?, farkl? yetenek ve at?lganl?k düzeyleri aras?ndaki ili?kinin incelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Sar?çam

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to examine the relation among the self esteem, different abilility levels and assertiveness levels of second grade primary education. An investigation has been done on over 180 students, chosen randomly, from the primary education schools of Erzurum MEB in accordance with the purpose of this study. Information Form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Inventory, Basic Aptitude Test 6-8 and Rathus Assertiveness Inventory were used. SPSS/WINDOWS programme was used for data analysis. ‘t test’ was used for determine the difference among the groups and ‘Pearson Moment Correlation Analysis’ was used for determine correlation among variables. In this study different abilities were examined in the subhead of Language ability, The Ability of Reasoning, Numerical Ability, General Ability. It was found in this study that there is a meaningful relation between Sef-Esttem and Language ability, The Ability of Reasoning, Numerical Ability, General Ability, Assertiveness. In the view of the preceding findings, and in the scope of academic success this study is discussed and leads other investigations and applications.

  12. Elementary particle physics at the University of Florida

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-12-01

    This report discusses research in the following areas: theoretical elementary particle physics; experimental elementary particle physics; axion project; SSC detector development; and computer acquisition. (LSP).

  13. Elementary particle physics at the University of Florida

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report discusses research in the following areas: theoretical elementary particle physics; experimental elementary particle physics; axion project; SSC detector development; and computer acquisition. (LSP)

  14. Preparing for National Implementation of an Evidence-based, Effective HIV Prevention Program among Bahamian Sixth-Grade Students

    OpenAIRE

    Knowles, Valerie; B, Wang; Deveaux, Lynette; Lunn, Sonja; Rolle, Glenda; Jones, Giovanna; Harris, Carole; Kaljee, Linda; X, Li; Koci, Veronica; CHEN, XINGUANG; Marshall, Sharon; STANTON, BONITA

    2012-01-01

    Using data from the preparatory phase prior to national implementation of an effective HIV prevention program [Focus on Youth in the Caribbean (FOYC)] in all Bahamian government sixth-grade classes, we describe: 1) actual FOYC implementation; 2) factors which influenced implementation; and 3) the relationship of implementation with intervention outcome. Six elementary schools (with 17 grade six classrooms) were selected to participate in the preparatory phase. The 17 teachers were invited to:...

  15. Topics in elementary scattering theory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In these lectures a summary is given of some of the fundamental ideas and formalism used to describe and understand the interactions of elementary particles. A brief review of relativistic kinematics is followed by a discussion of Lorentz-invariant variables for describing two-body processes, phase space and plots, such as the Dalitz plot, which can be used to study some aspects of the dynamics of an interaction, relatively free from kinematic complications. A general description of scattering and decay is given and then, more specifically, some aspects of two-body interactions in the absence of spin are discussed. Finally, complications that arise when particle spin has to be taken into account are considered. (U.K.)

  16. Reg geology: An elementary introduction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The purpose of these notes is to given an elementary introduction to the ideas underlying the Regge-type models. In lectures 1 and 2 the connection between the exchange models and the Regge form of the amplitude is shown. In lecture 3 the analytic continuation of the amplitude from the t-channel to the s-schanel is considered, leading to the Regge-type expression, and then (lecture 4), some phenomenological applications are discussed. Lectures 5 and 6 are a generalization of 3 and 4 to the scattering of non-zero spin particles. finally (lectures 7,8 and 9) Regge cuts are introduced and new phenomenological applications are discussed. (Author)

  17. Tracking and imaging elementary particles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Large Electron-Positron (LEP) Collider is one of the most powerful particle accelerators ever built. It smashes electrons into their antimatter counterparts, positrons, releasing as much as 100 billion electron volts of energy within each of four enormous detectors. Each burst of energy generates a spray of hundreds of elementary particles that are monitored by hundreds of thousands of sensors. In less than a second, an electronic system must sort through the data from some 50,000 electron-positron encounters, searching for just one or two head-on collisions that might lead to discoveries about the fundamental forces and the elementary particles of nature. When the electronic systems identify such a promising event, a picture of the data must be transmitted to the most ingenious image processor ever created. The device is the human brain. Computers cannot match the brain's capacity to recognize complicated patterns in the data collected by the LEP detectors. The work of understanding subnuclear events begins therefore through the visualization of objects that are trillions of times smaller than the eye can see and that move millions of times faster than the eye can follow. During the past decade, the authors and their colleagues at the European laboratory for particle physics (CERN) have attempted to design the perfect interface between the minds of physicists and the barrage of electronic signals from the LEP detectors. Using sophisticated computers, they translate raw data - 500,000 numbers from each event - into clear, meaningful images. With shapes, curves and colors, they represent the trajectories of particles, their type, their energy and many other properties

  18. Obtenção de dados normativos para desempenho no teste de Stroop num grupo de estudantes do ensino fundamental em Niterói / Assessment of normative data of Stroop test performance in a group of elementary school students in Niterói

    Scientific Electronic Library Online (English)

    Maria Teresa, Duncan.

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Os objetivos deste trabalho foram realizar um estudo de normatização para o teste de Stroop numa amostra brasileira, tradicionalmente aceita como medida de atenção seletiva e flexibilidade mental, usando como referência a versão Victoria do teste, bem como analisar diferenças no desempenho [...] de estudantes de escolas das redes pública e particular, e também investigar diferenças quanto ao sexo, além de observar se aumento de idade e anos de escolaridade favorecem um melhor desempenho no teste. MÉTODOS: Cento e trinta e dois estudantes de duas escolas (uma particular e outra pública), na faixa etária de 12 a 14 anos, alunos da 6ªà8ªsérie do ensino fundamental, participaram da pesquisa após levantamento do rendimento escolar e entrevista inicial. RESULTADOS: Aanálise estatística dos resultados revelou que os alunos da escola pública tiveram um desempenho significativamente pior em relação aos da particular. Quanto à variável sexo, os resultados não foram significativos e, em relação à idade, o resultado não foi consistente, revelando que essa variável perde a significância quando analisada à luz das seis medidas dependentes do experimento. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados sugerem a influência das diferentes condições socioeconômicas, educacionais e culturais a que estão expostos os alunos das duas escolas como uma possível explicação para as diferenças observadas no desempenho no teste. Abstract in english OBJECTIVE: This study had two objectives to perform a normatization of the Stroop test in a Brazilian sample, traditionally accepted as a measure of selective attention and mental flexibility, using as a reference the Victoria test version and to analyze the performance of public and private schools [...] students; investigating differences in regard to sex; to observe if the increase in age and years of education promote a better performance in the above mentioned task. METHODS: One hundred thirty two students of two schools (one private and the other public), in the age range from 12 to 14 years, students from 6th to 8th grades of elementary school, participated in the research, after data on school progress was compiled and the initial interview was conducted. RESULTS: The statistical analysis of the results revealed that the students of the public school had a significantly worse performance in relation to the students of the private school; as to the sex variable, the results were not significant and, as for age, the result was not consistent, revealing that that variable loses significance when analyzed in light of the six dependent measures of the experiment. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest the influence of the different socio-economic, educational and cultural conditions to which the students from the two schools are exposed, as a possible explanation for the differences observed in regard to the test performance.

  19. The evaluation of influences impacting the amount of science instructional time in elementary schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowan, Michael Burke

    1999-10-01

    Many challenges face the modern elementary teacher in the implementation of quality science instruction. Time for instruction continues to be pressured by various factors, including district curriculum requirements, state-mandated special programs, and administration of a variety of assessment measures. This study investigates the influence of three factors influencing the amount of time teachers allocate for elementary science instruction in a large suburban school district in the southwest United States. This investigative study was designed to analyze the relationship between science instructional time with teacher perceived principal interest in science, teacher undergraduate and graduate science methods and content coursework, and teacher attitudes toward science and the teaching of science. The related literature review and political and cultural trends in the Mesa Unified School District #4, Mesa Arizona, provided the basis for comparing these forces. A two-part survey, consisting of 15 closed response items and 60 likert-like scaled response items, was administered to 430 elementary (kindergarten through sixth grade) teachers from a stratified random sample of 15 schools in the district. A descriptive and statistical analysis of the 95.0% return was analyzed using frequency response and statistical chi-square testing and ANOVA means. Results indicated that the majority of the studied population of elementary teachers were most influenced by their site administrator's interest in science, undergraduate methods courses, and graduate level science content courses when allotting instructional time for elementary science. Results of this investigation aligned with previous research and information discussed in the literature review indicating that suggesting dependence of the amount of instructional time allotted for science with the three variables addressed in this study. The school district's elementary science program analyzed in this study has received recognition and has institutionalized a hands-on science curriculum philosophy for nearly twenty-five years. The analyzed data provided quality quantitative data to enhance and improve that program. Further research recommendations focus on the communication of the importance of science instruction in the elementary program and the enhancement of professional development programs for both elementary teachers and their principals. Additional research conclusions and insights are necessary to support further program enhancement and strategic plans for the district's elementary science program.

  20. Ranching: Sixth Grade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Linda; And Others

    The field tested sixth grade instructional unit is designed to acquaint the student with a variety of occupations found in the area of ranching, using activities and concepts from several academic areas. The unit takes approximately 28 and one-half hours of teaching time and involves large and small group and individual work. A list of required…