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Sample records for 50 60 70-mev

  1. 46 CFR 151.50-60 - Benzene.

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Benzene. 151.50-60 Section 151.50-60 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) CERTAIN BULK DANGEROUS CARGOES BARGES CARRYING BULK LIQUID HAZARDOUS MATERIAL CARGOES Special Requirements § 151.50-60 Benzene. The person in charge of...

  2. 41 CFR 60-50.2 - Equal employment policy.

    2010-07-01

    ... 50-GUIDELINES ON DISCRIMINATION BECAUSE OF RELIGION OR NATIONAL ORIGIN § 60-50.2 Equal employment... members of the various religious and/or ethnic groups are receiving fair consideration for job... promotable and transferable members of various religious and ethnic groups. (6) Establishment of...

  3. 41 CFR 60-50.1 - Purpose and scope.

    2010-07-01

    ... 50-GUIDELINES ON DISCRIMINATION BECAUSE OF RELIGION OR NATIONAL ORIGIN § 60-50.1 Purpose and scope...) Members of various religious and ethnic groups, primarily but not exclusively of Eastern, Middle, and... excluded from executive, middle-management, and other job levels because of discrimination based upon...

  4. 46 CFR 56.50-60 - Systems containing oil.

    2010-10-01

    ... by reference; see 46 CFR 56.01-2), or a ductile nonferrous alloy having a melting point above 1,700..., or alternatively, suitable shields are to be fitted in the way of flanged or mechanical pipe joints... °F must be of seamless steel. (See § 56.50-65 of this part.) (k) Oil piping drains, strainers...

  5. Anecdotal report of magneto-phosphene perception in 50 mT 20, 50 and 60 Hz magnetic fields

    Magneto-phosphenes are described as flickering lights appearing in the visual field, due to retinal exposure to time-varying magnetic fields (MF). Human magneto-phosphene perception (MP) serves as a scientific basis for inter- national guidelines intending to limit exposure to electromagnetic fields in the extremely low frequency range. However, the flux density threshold at which MP occurs, as well as the dose and frequency responses of the phenomenon, are not clearly experimentally established. The 50-60 Hz threshold is extrapolated from data in the lower frequency range. The objective of this paper is to provide a descriptive anecdotal report of MP from 8 individuals exposed to 50 mT MF at 20, 50 and 60 Hz. They describe variations of flickering light perceptions in the visual field, matching the description by D'Arsonval (1896). This preliminary testing introduces a new experimental protocol, which will test the threshold for MP and other associated neuro-physiological responses in humans. (authors)

  6. Neutrotherapy cyclotron ''MEDICYC''. Increase of proton exit energy from 50 to 60

    The neutrotherapy cyclotron ''MEDICYC''built by the ''Centre Antoine Lacassagne'' at Nice, has been studied firstly to accelerate protons up to 50 MeV. The required energy is now increased to 60 MeV. The method used to calculate the new sectors, magnetic maps, beam dynamics, and extraction are presented. Details ae given on the cyclotron resonance

  7. Gamma 60Co DL50/30 of Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818 DL50/30 raios gama de 60Co em Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818

    Elaine Barros da Costa CARVALHO

    1999-11-01

    Full Text Available The variation of resistance to 60Co gamma-rays of Biomphalaria glabrata was studied. A population of 480 mollusks was observed during 30 days - distributed in 8 groups of snails isolated and 8 groups of snails in colonies - after exposure (30 snails per group per dose to increasing doses of gamma radiation. Doses of 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 160, 320 and 640 Gy from a Gamma-cell 60Co irradiator, were applied to the test groups and two groups control (non-irradiated of snails - isolated and colony - were kept apart. After have been exposed, the snails were drew back to the aquaria where they were maintained before. The survival was estimated on a daily score of the alive animals in each group-dose, starting after the irradiation exposure day. As a result, the survival self-fertilization forms (DL50/30 = 218.2 Gy was found greater than in cross-fecundation forms. These data point to a low radio-resistance on the cross-fertilization forms - the sexual reproductive form - which is most found in nature. The lower radio-resistance of the cross-fertilization forms suggests the presence of some sex-linked hormonal factor related to this phenomenon.A variação da resistência entre indivíduos em autofecundação e fecundação cruzada de Biomphalaria glabrata foram estudadas. Uma população de 480 moluscos foi observada durante 29 dias, distribuída em 8 grupos de caramujos isolados e 8 grupos em colônias após a exposição (30 caramujos por grupo-dose a doses crescentes de radiação gama. Foram usadas doses de 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 160, 320 e 640 Gy de um irradiador Gamma-Cell 60Co. Dois grupos não irradiados - isolado e colônia - foram separados como controle e após a irradiação todos os caramujos voltaram para aquários onde viviam antes. A sobrevida foi estimada pela contagem diária dos animais vivos em cada grupo-dose, a partir do dia da irradiação. O resultado mostrou maior sobrevivência nos grupos isolados (DL50/30 = 218.2 Gy que nos grupos

  8. A 5060 V Class Ultralow Specific on-Resistance Trench Power MOSFET

    A 5060 V class ultralow specific on-resistance (Ron,sp) trench power MOSFET is proposed. The structure is characterized by an n+-layer which is buried on the top surface of the p-substrate and connected to the drain n+-region. The low-resistance n+-layer shortens the motion-path in high-resistance n− drift region for the carriers, and therefore, reduces the Ron,sp in the on-state. Electrical characteristics for the proposed power MOSFET are analyzed and discussed. The 5060 V class breakdown voltages (VB) with Ron,sp less than 0.35 mΩ·cm2 are obtained. Compared with several power MOSFETs, the proposed power MOSFET has a significantly optimized dependence of Ron,sp on VB

  9. 10 CFR 50.60 - Acceptance criteria for fracture prevention measures for lightwater nuclear power reactors for...

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Acceptance criteria for fracture prevention measures for lightwater nuclear power reactors for normal operation. 50.60 Section 50.60 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION DOMESTIC LICENSING OF PRODUCTION AND UTILIZATION FACILITIES Issuance, Limitations, and Conditions of Licenses and Construction Permits...

  10. Gamma 60 Co D L 50/30 of Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818)

    The variation of resistance to 60 Co gamma-rays of Biomphalaria glabrata was studied. A population of 480 mollusks was observed during 30 days - distributed in 8 groups of snails isolated and 8 groups of snails in colonies - after exposure (30 snails per group per dose) to increasing doses of gamma radiation. Doses of 10, 20 40, 60, 80, 160, 320 and 640 Gy from a Gamma-cell 60 Co irradiator, were applied to the test groups and two groups control (non-irradiated) of snails - isolated and colony - were kept apart. After have been exposed, the snails were drew back to the aquaria where they were maintained before. The survival was estimated on a daily score of the alive animals in each group-dose, starting after the irradiation exposure day. As a result, the survival self-fertilization forms (DL50/30=218.2 Gy) was found greater than in cross-fecundation forms. These data point to allow radio-resistance on the cross-fertilization forms - the sexual reproductive form - which is most found in nature. The lower radio-resistance of the cross-fertilization forms suggests the presence of some sex-linked hormonal factor related to this phenomenon. (author)

  11. Gamma {sup 60} Co D L {sub 50/30} of Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818)

    Carvalho, Elaine Barros da Costa; Melo, Ana Maria Mendonca de Albuquerque; Motta, Mauricy Alves da [Pernambuco Univ., Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Biofisica e Radiobiologia

    1999-12-01

    The variation of resistance to {sup 60} Co gamma-rays of Biomphalaria glabrata was studied. A population of 480 mollusks was observed during 30 days - distributed in 8 groups of snails isolated and 8 groups of snails in colonies - after exposure (30 snails per group per dose) to increasing doses of gamma radiation. Doses of 10, 20 40, 60, 80, 160, 320 and 640 Gy from a Gamma-cell {sup 60} Co irradiator, were applied to the test groups and two groups control (non-irradiated) of snails - isolated and colony - were kept apart. After have been exposed, the snails were drew back to the aquaria where they were maintained before. The survival was estimated on a daily score of the alive animals in each group-dose, starting after the irradiation exposure day. As a result, the survival self-fertilization forms (DL{sub 50/30}=218.2 Gy) was found greater than in cross-fecundation forms. These data point to allow radio-resistance on the cross-fertilization forms - the sexual reproductive form - which is most found in nature. The lower radio-resistance of the cross-fertilization forms suggests the presence of some sex-linked hormonal factor related to this phenomenon. (author)

  12. Gamma 60Co DL50/30 of Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818) DL50/30 raios gama de 60Co em Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818)

    Elaine Barros da Costa CARVALHO; Melo, Ana Maria Mendonça de Albuquerque; Mauricy Alves da MOTTA

    1999-01-01

    The variation of resistance to 60Co gamma-rays of Biomphalaria glabrata was studied. A population of 480 mollusks was observed during 30 days - distributed in 8 groups of snails isolated and 8 groups of snails in colonies - after exposure (30 snails per group per dose) to increasing doses of gamma radiation. Doses of 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 160, 320 and 640 Gy from a Gamma-cell 60Co irradiator, were applied to the test groups and two groups control (non-irradiated) of snails - isolated and colony...

  13. HUMAN MACHINE INTERFACE (HMI) EVALUATION OF ROOMS TA-50-1-60/60A AT THE RADIOACTIVE LIQUID WASTE TREATMENT FACILITY (RLWTF)

    Gilmore, Walter E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stender, Kerith K. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-08-29

    This effort addressed an evaluation of human machine interfaces (HMIs) in Room TA-50-1-60/60A of the Radioactive Liquid Waste Treatment Facility (RLWTF). The evaluation was performed in accordance with guidance outlined in DOE-STD-3009, DOE Standard Preparation Guide for U.S. Department of Energy Nonreactor Nuclear Facility Documented Safety Analyses, 2006 [DOE 2006]. Specifically, Chapter 13 of DOE 2006 highlights the 10 CFR 830, Nuclear Safety Management, 2012, [CFR 2012] and DOE G 421.1-2 [DOE 2001a] requirements as they relate to the human factors process and, in this case, the safety of the RLWTF. The RLWTF is a Hazard Category 3 facility and, consequently, does not have safety-class (SSCs). However, safety-significant SSCs are identified. The transuranic (TRU) wastewater tanks and associated piping are the only safety-significant SSCs in Rooms TA-50-1-60/60A [LANL 2010]. Hence, the human factors evaluation described herein is only applicable to this particular assemblage of tanks and piping.

  14. Comparative Analysis Between the Middle and Small-size Turbine-generator of 50 Hz and That of 60 Hz%60 Hz与50 Hz中小型汽轮发电机之比较

    蔡恒川; 翁祥玲; 王庆波

    2013-01-01

    阐述了中小型60 H z空冷汽轮发电机的方案设计,针对30 M W以下的中小型机组,从设计角度与国内50 H z同等容量的产品进行比较,探讨两种频率发电机主要电气性能参数及结构特点的异同。%Program design of the middle and small-size turbine-generator of 60 Hz was described. For power less than 30 MW, comparative analysis between the middle and small-size turbine-generator of 50 Hz and that of 60 Hz was done under same power capacity. Main electric performance data as well as their difference in the ifeld of construction of these two type generator with different frequency were discussed.

  15. Corrosion behaviour of amorphous Ti48Cu52, Ti50Cu50 and Ti60Ni40 alloys investigated by potentiodynamic polarization method

    A Dhawan; S Roychowdhury; P K De; S K Sharma

    2003-10-01

    Potentiodynamic polarization studies were carried out on virgin specimens of amorphous alloys Ti48Cu52, Ti50Cu50 and Ti60Ni40 in 0.5 M HNO3, 0.5 M H2SO4 and 0.5 M NaOH aqueous media at room temperature. The value of the corrosion current density (corr) was maximum for Ti48Cu52 alloy in all the three aqueous media as compared to the remaining two alloys. The value of corr for the alloy Ti48Cu52 was maximum (corr = 2.6 × 10-5 A/cm2) in 0.5 M H2SO4 and minimum (corr = 3.5 × 10-6 A/cm2) in 0.5 M NaOH aqueous solutions. In contrast, the alloy Ti60Ni40 exhibited the least corrosion current density in 0.5 M HNO3 (corr = 4.0 × 10-7 A/cm2) and in 0.5 M NaOH (corr = 5.5 × 10-7 A/cm2) aqueous media as compared to those for Ti–Cu alloys, while its value in 0.5 M H2SO4 was comparable to that for Ti50Cu50. It is suggested that the alloy Ti60Ni40 is more corrosion resistant than the alloys Ti48Cu52 and Ti50Cu50 in all the three aqueous media.

  16. 40 CFR 60.50c - Applicability and delegation of authority.

    2010-07-01

    ... facilities subject to this subpart are not subject to the requirements of 40 CFR part 64. (i) Approval of... program under Clean Air Act title V and the implementing regulations under 40 CFR part 70 in the State in... subject to this subpart. (f) Any pyrolysis unit (defined in § 60.51c) is not subject to this subpart....

  17. 40 CFR 60.50Da - Compliance determination procedures and methods.

    2010-07-01

    ... SO2 control device and the average SO2 input rate from the “as fired” fuel analysis for 30 successive... process stream. (1) All conversions from Btu/hr unit input to MW unit output must use equivalents found in 40 CFR 60.40(a)(1) for electric utilities (i.e., 250 MMBtu/hr input to an electric utility...

  18. 50 CFR 23.60 - What factors are considered in making a legal acquisition finding?

    2010-10-01

    ... ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA (CITES) Factors Considered in Making Certain Findings § 23.60 What... before issuing certain CITES exemption documents. (b) Types of legal acquisition. Legal acquisition..., traded internationally in accordance with the provisions of CITES. (c) How we make our findings. We...

  19. Cytotoxicity test of 40, 50 and 60% citric acid as dentin conditioner by using MTT assay on culture cell line

    Christian Khoswanto

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Open dentin is always covered by smear layer, therefore before restoration is performed, cavity or tooth which has been prepared should be clean from dirt. The researchers suggested that clean dentin surface would reach effective adhesion between resin and tooth structure, therefore dentin conditioner like citric acid was used to reach the condition. Even though citric acid is not strong acid but it can be very erosive to oral mucous. Several requirements should be fulfilled for dental product such as non toxic, non irritant, biocompatible and should not have negative effect against local, systemic or biological environment. Cytotoxicity test was apart of biomaterial evaluation and needed for standard screening. Purpose: This study was to know the cytotoxicity of 40, 50, 60% citric acid as dentin conditioner using MTT assay. Method: This study is an experimental research using the Post-Test Only Control Group Design. Six samples of each 40, 50 and 60% citric acid for citotoxicity test using MTT assay. The density of optic formazan indicated the number of living cells. All data were statistically analyzed by one way ANOVA. Result: The percentage of living cells in 40, 50 and 60% citric acid were 95.14%, 93.42% and 93.14%. Conclusion: Citric acid is non toxic and safe to be used as dentine conditioner.

  20. The {sup 58,60}Ni(n,xalpha) reactions from threshold to 50 MeV

    Haight, R.C.; Bateman, F.B.; Sterbenz, S.M.; Chadwick, M.B.; Young, P.G. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Grimes, S.M. [Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States); Wasson, O.A. [National Inst. of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States); Maier-Komor, P. [Technische Univ., Munich (Germany); Vonach, H. [IRK, Vienna (Austria)

    1997-08-01

    The {sup 58,60}Ni(n,xalpha) reactions have been studied at the fast neutron spallation source at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center (LANSCE) for neutron energies from threshold to 50 MeV. Alpha particles were observed at four angles by detectors consisting of low-pressure proportional counters and silicon surface-barrier detectors. Cross sections and emission spectra agree fairly well with data in the literature for experiments where alpha particles are detected. The cross sections for the {sup 58}Ni(n,alpha) reaction are significantly lower than those determined by activation in the region from threshold to 10 MeV. The cross sections for both isotopes are lower than the ENDF/B-VI evaluations from threshold to 12 MeV. The data are interpreted in terms of the Hauser-Feshbach reaction model with precompound emission.

  1. In vitro assessment of the immunity of implantable cardioverter-defibrillators to magnetic fields of 50/60 Hz

    Public concern for the compatibility of electromagnetic (EM) sources with active implantable medical devices (AIMD) has prompted the development of new systems that can perform accurate exposure studies. EM field interference with active cardiac implants (e.g. implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs)) can be critical. This paper describes a magnetic field (MF) exposure system and the method developed for testing the immunity of ICD to continuous-wave MFs. The MFs were created by Helmholtz coils, housed in a Faraday cage. The coils were able to produce highly uniform MFs up to 4000 µT at 50 Hz and 3900 µT at 60 Hz, within the test space. Four ICDs were tested. No dysfunctions were found in the generated MFs. These results confirm that the tested ICDs were immune to low frequency MFs. (paper)

  2. Assessment of every day extremely low frequency (Elf) electromagnetic fields (50-60 Hz) exposure: which metrics?

    Because electricity is encountered at every moment of the day, at home with household appliances, or in every type of transportation, people are most of the time exposed to extremely low frequency (E.L.F.) electromagnetic fields (50-60 Hz) in a various way. Due to a lack of knowledge about the biological mechanisms of 50 Hz magnetic fields, studies seeking to identify health effects of exposure use central tendency metrics. The objective of our study is to provide better information about these exposure measurements from three categories of metrics. We calculated metrics of exposure measurements from data series (79 very day exposed subjects), made up approximately 20,000 recordings of magnetic fields, measured every 30 seconds for 7 days with an E.M.D.E.X. II dosimeter. These indicators were divided into three categories : central tendency metrics, dispersion metrics and variability metrics.We use Principal Component Analysis, a multidimensional technique to examine the relations between different exposure metrics for a group of subjects. Principal component Analysis (P.C.A.) enabled us to identify from the foreground 71.7% of the variance. The first component (42.7%) was characterized by central tendency; the second (29.0%) was composed of dispersion characteristics. The third component (17.2%) was composed of variability characteristics. This study confirm the need to improve exposure measurements by using at least two dimensions intensity and dispersion. (authors)

  3. Possíveis efeitos adversos dos campos eletromagnéticos (50/60 Hz em humanos e em animais Potential adverse effects of electromagnetic fields (50/60 Hz on humans and animals

    Caroline Wanderley Souto Ferreira Anselmo

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Os avanços tecnológicos têm aumentado o número de equipamentos elétricos e eletrônicos, seja nas residências ou mesmo no ambiente de trabalho, fazendo com que a população conviva com grande número de fontes de irradiação eletromagnética, com os mais diversos níveis de potência e freqüência. Por muitos anos, alguns cientistas e engenheiros acreditaram que o campo eletromagnético (CEM com freqüência extremamente baixa não pudesse causar efeitos e alterações significantes no material biológico. O objetivo deste trabalho é verificar os possíveis efeitos adversos dos CEMs em humanos e animais, que foram publicados nos últimos anos, através de uma revisão da literatura disponível em Medline, revistas nacionais e internacionais e catálogos de obras de referência na área dos CEM (50/60 Hz. Como resultado foi observado que o CEM (50/60 Hz é capaz de produzir diversos efeitos adversos em humanos e animais, como por exemplo: distúrbios na reprodução, doenças degenerativas, efeitos psiquiátricos e psicológicos, alterações citogenéticas, alterações no sistema cardiovascular, nervoso e neuroendócrino, bem como nos parâmetros biológicos e bioquímicos. Apesar de todas estas constatações e devido a muitas controvérsias entre vários autores, faz-se necessário um estudo mais específico e aprofundado sobre o assunto.The technologic development has increased the number of electric and electronic devices for household and work environment applications. In this way, we have to cope with a diverse quantity of electromagnetic irradiation sources, with different power and frequency ranges. For many years, some scientists and engineers believed that low-frequencies electromagnetic field (EMF could not cause any bad effect or substantial alterations on the biologic livings. This work has the objective to perform a literature review of the possible effects of EMF in human beings and animals, that was published in the

  4. EXTEND OPERATION PROBLEMS AND RECONSTRUCTION OF LARGEPANEL FIVE-STOREY BUILDINGS OF 50-60-IES XX CENTURY

    BOLSHAKOV V. I.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Raising of the problem. In many regions is utilised housing, that age is more than half a century. According to the research materials of the analytical center of Ukrainian Cities Association there are 25,5 thousand houses built by first mass series project of large, block and brick buildings with a total area of 72 million M2 today in the state, rather those, that require reconstruction and modernization. In general, most of the housing stock of Ukraine is in a poor technical condition due to its deficient funding; it keeps the tendency of premature aging of the housing stock.One of the major problems of modern construction industry is the continuation of housing exploitation, in particular is it the building era of mass construction of 50-60-ies of XX century, called "Khrushchevki". According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine the deterioration of residential buildings in Ukraine amounts to 47.2%, which makes us think of the immediate actions to occure this situation. The most acceptable way, at first viewe, seems the reconstruction of "Khrushchvki". However, the reconstruction is a complex problem that requires the construction industry solution due to the economic component, the social factor, the views of residents of these homes to create a technological and economical viable result. Analysis of publications. The problem of the "Khrushchevki" reconstruction is the subject of continual researches of leading builders of Ukraine. In the researchers' attention just as the technological problems [1 - 3], so economic components [4 - 6], in general, give an idea of the work scale required to overcome the impending crisis. The purpose of the article. Defining the main problems of exploatation of panel fivestory buildings of 50 - 60-ies twentieth century and their residents thoughts about existing inconvenience, as well as associated economic, technological and legal problems in the implementation of buildings reconstruction. Conclusions

  5. Electric and magnetic fields with a frequency of 50-60 Hz: assessment of 20 years of research

    Lambrozo, J. [Electricite de France - Gaz de France, Paris (France)

    2001-07-01

    Since electricity is used everywhere, exposure to electromagnetic fields of extremely low frequency (50-60 Hz) is unavoidable in our daily life. The question of whether these electromagnetic fields could possibly have any biological or health effects has been a major environmental issue for more than 20 years. At high field strengths, biological effects such as nerve and cardio-stimulation through the induction of currents in the body have been noted. These biological effects have been used in the drafting of standards for public and professional exposure. However, it is the search for effects at low field levels that has been the focus of much research. The main results of this research can be summarised as follows: in vivo studies on whole animals have shown that there is no convincing evidence that electromagnetic fields cause cancer or birth defects, and despite some reduction in pineal and blood melatonin in rodents, studies on lambs, baboons and humans do not support such an effect of electromagnetic fields, while in vitro studies have shown that exposure to electromagnetic fields at usual residential levels (<100 {mu}T) does not produce any significant in vitro effects that could be replicated in independent studies. These results, correlated with the data provided by more recent epidemiological studies, do not show that exposure to electromagnetic fields at the usual residential exposure levels presents a human health hazard. (author)

  6. Power line emission 50/60 Hz and Schumann resonances observed by microsatellite Chibis-M in the Earth's ionosphere

    Dudkin, Denys; Pilipenko, Vyacheslav; Dudkin, Fedir; Pronenko, Vira; Klimov, Stanislav

    2015-04-01

    The overhead power lines are the sources of intense wideband electromagnetic (EM) emission, especially in ELF-VLF range, because of significant length (up to a few thousand kilometers) and strong 50/60 Hz currents with noticeable distortion. The radiation efficiency of the power line emission (PLE) increases with the harmonic order, so they are well observed by ground-based EM sensors. However their observations by low orbiting satellites (LEO) are very rare, particularly at basic harmonic 50/60 Hz, because of the ionospheric plasma opacity in ELF band. The Schumann resonance (SR) is the narrow-band EM noise that occurs due to the global thunderstorm activity in the Earth-ionosphere cavity. The first five eigenmodes of the SR are 7.8, 14.3, 20.8, 27.3 and 33.8 Hz and, thus, SR harmonics are also strongly absorbed by the Earth ionosphere. The published numerical simulations show that the penetration depth of such an ELF emission into the Earth's ionosphere is limited to 50-70 km for electric field and 120-240 km for magnetic field. From this follows, that PLE and SR can hardly ever be detected by LEO satellites, i.e. above the F-layer of ionosphere. In spite of this fact, these emissions were recently observed with use of the electric field antennas placed on the satellites C/NOFS (USA) and Chibis-M (Russia). Microsatellite Chibis-M was launched on January 24, 2012, at 23:18:30 UTC from the cargo ship "Progress M-13M" to circular orbit with altitude ~500 km and inclination ~52° . Chibis-M mass is about 40 kg where one third is a scientific instrumentation. The dimensions of the microsatellite case are 0.26x0.26x0.54 m with the outside mounted solar panels, service and scientific instrumentation. The main scientific objective of Chibis-M is the theoretical model verification for the atmospheric gamma-ray bursts. It requires the study of the accompanying EM processes such as the plasma waves produced by the lightning discharges in the VLF band. Chibis-M decayed on 15

  7. Power line harmonic radiation observed by the DEMETER spacecraft at 50/60 Hz and low harmonics

    Němec, F.; Parrot, M.; Santolík, O.

    2015-10-01

    We present a low-altitude satellite survey of Power Line Harmonic Radiation (PLHR), i.e., electromagnetic waves radiated by electric power systems on the ground. We focus on frequencies corresponding to the first few harmonics of the base power system frequencies (50 Hz or 60 Hz, depending on the region). It is shown that the intensities of electromagnetic waves detected at these frequencies at an altitude of about 700 km are significantly enhanced above industrialized areas. The frequencies at which the wave intensities are increased are in excellent agreement with base power system frequencies just below the satellite location. We also investigate a possible presence of the weekend effect, i.e., if the situation is different during the weekends when the power consumption is lower than during the weekdays. Such an effect might be possibly present in the European region, but it is very weak. PLHR effects are less often detected in the summer, as the ionospheric absorption increases, and also, the radiation is obscured by lightning generated emissions. This difference is smaller in the U.S. region, in agreement with the monthly variations of the power consumption. The analysis of the measured frequency spectra reveals that although intensity increases at low odd harmonics of base power system frequencies are routinely detected, low even harmonics are generally absent. Finally, we verify the relation of PLHR intensities to the geomagnetically induced currents (GICs) proxy. It is shown that the PLHR intensity is increased at the times of higher GIC proxy values during the night.

  8. Desorption of 137Cs from Brachythecium mildeanum moss using acid solutions with pH 4.60-6.50

    Čučulović, Ana; Veselinović, Dragan

    2015-12-01

    The desorption of 137Cs from the moss Brachythecium mildeanum (Schimp.) was performed using the following solutions: H2SO4 ( I), HNO3 ( II), H2SO4 + HNO3 ( III) with pH values of 4.60, 5.15, and 5.75, respectively, as well as distilled water (D) with pH 6.50. After five successive desorptions, each lasting 24 h, 20.5-37.6% 137Cs was desorbed from the moss using these solutions, while 30.7% of the starting content was desorbed using distilled water. The first desorption removed the highest percent of the original content of 137Cs in the moss (11.3-18.4%). This was determined by measuring 137Cs activity. If the current results are compared with those obtained earlier it may be concluded that 137Cs desorption from mosses is not species-dependent. The obtained results indicate the necessity of investigating the influence of acid rain, or rather, of H+ ions, on desorption of other ions from biological systems, i.e., the role of H+ ions in spreading other polluting compounds and thus producing secondary environmental pollution. From the results of this study it follows that acid rain will lead, through H+ ion action, to a similar increasing pollution of fallout waters with other ionic compounds which may not be present in the water before the contact with the plants and thus enable the pollution spreading. In the investigated system, the replacement of H+ ions from acid rains by more dangerous radioactive ions occured, increasing the concentration of the radioactive ions in the water, which demonstrates that the same process takes place in fallout water.

  9. 40 CFR Table 1b to Subpart Ec of... - Emissions Limits for Small, Medium, and Large HMIWI at Affected Facilities as Defined in § 60.50c...

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Emissions Limits for Small, Medium, and Large HMIWI at Affected Facilities as Defined in § 60.50c(a)(3) and (4) 1B Table 1B to Subpart Ec of Part 60 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW...

  10. 40 CFR Table 1a to Subpart Ec of... - Emissions Limits for Small, Medium, and Large HMIWI at Affected Facilities as Defined in § 60.50c...

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Emissions Limits for Small, Medium, and Large HMIWI at Affected Facilities as Defined in § 60.50c(a)(1) and (2) 1A Table 1A to Subpart Ec of Part 60 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW...

  11. Comparison of the effects of 50 MeV/sub d → Be/ neutron and cobalt-60 irradiation of the kidneys of Rhesus monkeys

    Twenty rhesus monkeys had one kidney irradiated (after undergoing unilateral nephrectomies) with one of four doses: 960 or 1080 rads of 50 MeV/sub d→Be/ neutrons, or 2350 or 2700 rads of 60Co. Whereas animals treated with the lower dose of neutrons or 60Co are alive with relatively normal renal function, those treated with the higher dose of neutrons died of radiation nephritis. Animals treated with the higher dose of 60Co developed radiation nephritis but survived. The physiological and histopathological changes of radiation nephritis secondary to neutron irradiation are not qualitatively different from those reported for radiation nephritis secondary to photon irradiation

  12. Spring active drain using bladder (5060 ml) syringe (De Adotey’s drain)

    Patrick Okechukwu Igwe; Amabra Dodiyi-Manuel; Jacob Molai Adotey

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Closed active drainage system with a syringe is an accepted way to let out fluid in a surgical wound. We present a simple spring active (negative suction) drainage (SAD) system using locally improvised metallic spring and 60 ml (bladder syringe); SAD of Adotey, a newly designed compression–expansion spring mechanism which serves especially in situations where an active drainage system is of utmost importance. Conclusion: De Adotey's drain is a 60 ml bladder syringe with sprin...

  13. Test characteristics of two rapid antigen detection tests (SD FK50 and SD FK60 for the diagnosis of malaria in returned travellers

    Van Esbroeck Marjan

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Two malaria rapid diagnostic tests were evaluated in a travel clinic setting: the SD FK50 Malaria Ag Plasmodium falciparum test (a two-band test and the SD FK60 Malaria Ag P. falciparum/Pan test (a three-band test. Methods A panel of stored whole blood samples (n = 452 and n = 614 for FK50 and FK60, respectively from returned travellers was used. The reference method was microscopy with PCR in case of discordant results. Results For both tests, overall sensitivity for the detection of P. falciparum was 93.5%, reaching 97.6% and 100% at parasite densities above 100 and 1,000/μl respectively. Overall sensitivities for Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale and Plasmodium malariae for the FK60 test were 87.5%, 76.3% and 45.2%, but they reached 92.6% and 90.5% for P. vivax and P. ovale at parasite densities above 500/μl. Specificities were above 95% for all species and both tests when corrected by PCR, with visible histidine-rich protein-2 lines for P. malariae (n = 3 and P. vivax and P. ovale (1 sample each. Line intensities were reproducible and correlated to parasite densities. The FK60 tests provided clues to estimate parasite densities for P. falciparum below or above 1,000/μl. Conclusion Both the FK50 and FK60 performed well for the diagnosis of P. falciparum in the present setting, and the FK60 for the diagnosis of P. vivax and P. ovale at parasite densities > 500/μl. The potential use of the FK60 as a semi-quantitative estimation of parasite density needs to be further explored.

  14. Spring active drain using bladder (5060 ml) syringe (De Adotey’s drain)

    Igwe, Patrick Okechukwu; Dodiyi-Manuel, Amabra; Adotey, Jacob Molai

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Closed active drainage system with a syringe is an accepted way to let out fluid in a surgical wound. We present a simple spring active (negative suction) drainage (SAD) system using locally improvised metallic spring and 60 ml (bladder syringe); SAD of Adotey, a newly designed compression–expansion spring mechanism which serves especially in situations where an active drainage system is of utmost importance. Conclusion De Adotey's drain is a 60 ml bladder syringe with spring mechanism which is used to provide a negative pressure as an active drain. PMID:26785081

  15. Optical properties of 60B2O3–(40–)PbO–MCl2 and 50B2O3–(50–) PbO–MCl2 (M = Pb, Cd) glasses

    Shajo Sebastian; M Abdul Khadar

    2004-04-01

    Optical absorption and transmittance spectra of 60B2O3–(40–)PbO–MCl2 and 50B2O3–(50–) PbO–MCl2 (M = Pb, Cd) (10 ≤ ≤ 20) glasses of varying composition were recorded in the UV-visible region. Various optical parameters such as optical energy gap (opt), Urbach energy (e), refractive index (0), optical dielectric constant (∝), and ratio of carrier concentration to the effective mass (/*) were determined. The variation of optical energy gap with increase in the concentration of PbCl2 or CdCl2 is discussed.

  16. Toxicidad oral a 60 días del aceite de sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.) y linaza (Linum usitatissimum L.) y determinación de la dosis letal 50 en roedores Oral toxicity at 60-days of sacha inchi oil (Plukenetia volubilis L.) and linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.), and determination of lethal dose 50 in rodents

    Arilmi Gorriti; Jorge Arroyo; Fredy Quispe; Braulio Cisneros; Martín Condorhuamán; Yuan Almora; Víctor Chumpitaz

    2010-01-01

    Objetivos. Evaluar la toxicidad oral a 60 días y determinar la dosis letal 50 (DL 50) de los aceites crudos de sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L.) y linaza (Linum ussitatisimum) en ratas Holtzman y en ratones cepa Balb C57, respectivamente. Materiales y métodos. Para la evaluación de la toxicidad oral a dosis repetida por 60 días se utilizó 24 ratas macho Holtzman divididos en tres grupos de ocho cada uno, los grupos fueron: solución salina fisiológica 4 mL/kg (SSF), aceite de sacha inchi 0...

  17. Toxicidad oral a 60 días del aceite de sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L. y linaza (Linum usitatissimum L. y determinación de la dosis letal 50 en roedores Oral toxicity at 60-days of sacha inchi oil (Plukenetia volubilis L. and linseed (Linum usitatissimum L., and determination of lethal dose 50 in rodents

    Arilmi Gorriti

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos. Evaluar la toxicidad oral a 60 días y determinar la dosis letal 50 (DL 50 de los aceites crudos de sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L. y linaza (Linum ussitatisimum en ratas Holtzman y en ratones cepa Balb C57, respectivamente. Materiales y métodos. Para la evaluación de la toxicidad oral a dosis repetida por 60 días se utilizó 24 ratas macho Holtzman divididos en tres grupos de ocho cada uno, los grupos fueron: solución salina fisiológica 4 mL/kg (SSF, aceite de sacha inchi 0,5 mL/kg (SI05 y aceite de linaza 0,5 mL/kg (L05, durante el experimento se controló semanalmente el peso corporal y signos de toxicidad en los grupos investigados, así como colesterol total, HDL, triglicéridos, glucosa, urea, TGP y fosfatasa alcalina a los 30 y 60 días de iniciado el experimento. Para la evaluación de la DL50 se usó ratones macho cepa Balb C57 en grupos de diez animales, se administró por vía oral dosis crecientes de aceites crudos hasta alcanzar 1 mL/kg (37 g/kg; Resultados. Los parámetros séricos en las ratas indican que no existe toxicidad alguna a los 60 días y que la administración de los aceites disminuyeron los niveles de colesterol, triglicéridos e incrementaron el HDL con respecto al grupo control. La DL50 muestra que los aceites crudos de sacha inchi y linaza presentan dosis por encima de los 37 g/kg de masa corporal. Conclusiones. Los aceites de sacha inchi y linaza son inocuos a 60 días y presentan una DL50 por encima de los 37 g/kg de animal.Objectives. To evaluate the oral toxicity at 60 days and to determine the lethal dose 50 (LD 50 of raw sacha inchi (Plukenetia volubilis L. and linseed (Linum ussitatisimum oils in Holtzman rats and mice of the strain Balb C57 respectively. Materials and methods. For the evaluation of the oral toxicity of repeated doses for 60 days, 24 male Holtzman rats were used, divided in three groups of 8 each, the groups were: physiologic saline solution 4 mL/kg (FSS, sacha inchi oil

  18. Neurovascular phenotypes in hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia patients according to age. Review of 50 consecutive patients aged 1 day-60 years

    Hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait with varying penetrance and expressivity. Some of the most devastating consequences of this disease result from cerebral vascular malformations that manifest themselves in either arteriovenous fistulae (AVF), small nidus-type arteriovenous malformations (AVM) or micro-AVMs with a nidus less than 1 cm in size. The purpose of this study was to compare the phenotypes of CNS-manifestations of HHT with the age of the patient. The charts and angiographic films of 50 patients diagnosed with HHT according to the Curacao criteria were retrospectively evaluated concerning age of onset of symptoms, or, if not applicable of first consultation. The files were reviewed for clinical presentation, family and personal history, while the patients' angiograms were analysed with respect to the number of lesions (single and multiple), the location (superficial supratentorial, deep supratentorial, infratentorial, and spinal), and type of lesion (fistulous AVM, nidus-type AVM, and micro-AVM). A total of 75 central nervous system manifestations of HHT were found. Lesions included seven spinal cord AVFs that were all present in the paediatric age group (mean age: 2.2 years), 34 cerebral AV fistulae, all but two affected patients were less than 6 years (mean age 3.0). Sixteen nidus type AVMs (mean age: 23.1 years) and 18 micro-AVMs (mean age: 31.8 years) were found. HHT displays an age-related penetrance of clinical manifestations. Since members of the same family can present with completely different phenotypes of this disease there seems to be no relationship between the type of mutation and the phenotype of the disease. Since there seems to be a continuum of vascular abnormalities (from large fistulous areas to small AVMs and micro-AVMs) associated with HHT, the most likely determinating factor of the HHT phenotype is the timing of the revealing event in relation to the maturity of the vessel

  19. Cross Section Measurement for the 95Mo(n,alpha)92Zr Reaction at 4.0, 5.0 and 6.0 MeV

    Zhang, Guohui [Peking University; Wu, Hao [Peking University; Zhang, Jiaguo [Peking University; Liu, Jiaming [Peking University; Yin, Yuxiang [Peking University; Chen, Jinxiang [Peking University; Gledenov, Youri Mikhailovich [ORNL; Sedysheva, M. V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia; Khuukhenkhuu, G [National University of Mongolia; Koehler, Paul Edward [ORNL; Szalanski, P. [University of Lodz

    2010-01-01

    Measurements of cross sections of the {sup 95}Mo(n, {alpha}){sup 92}Zr reaction at E{sub n} = 4.0, 5.0 and 6.0 MeV were carried out at the 4.5 MV Van de Graaff of Peking University, China. A twin gridded ionization chamber and two large-area {sup 95}Mo samples were adopted. Fast neutrons were produced through the D(d, n){sup 3}He reaction by using a deuterium gas target. A small {sup 238}U fission chamber was employed for absolute neutron flux determination. Present data are compared with existing evaluations and measurement.

  20. Cross section measurement for the (95)Mo(n, alpha)(92)Zr reaction at 4.0, 5.0 and 6.0MeV.

    Zhang, Guohui; Wu, Hao; Zhang, Jiaguo; Liu, Jiaming; Yin, Yuxiang; Chen, Jinxiang; Gledenov, Yu M; Sedysheva, M V; Khuukhenkhuu, G; Koehler, P E; Szalanski, P J

    2010-01-01

    Measurements of cross sections of the (95)Mo(n, alpha)(92)Zr reaction at E(n)=4.0, 5.0 and 6.0MeV were carried out at the 4.5MV Van de Graaff of Peking University, China. A twin gridded ionization chamber and two large-area (95)Mo samples were adopted. Fast neutrons were produced through the D(d, n)(3)He reaction by using a deuterium gas target. A small (238)U fission chamber was employed for absolute neutron flux determination. Present data are compared with existing evaluations and measurement. PMID:19811925

  1. Final report on key comparison EURAMET.EM-K5.1 (EURAMET Project No. 687): Comparison of 50/60 Hz power

    Çayci, Hüseyin

    2011-01-01

    To support the Calibration and Measurement Capabilities (CMCs) declared by members of EURAMET (formerly EUROMET) in the framework of the CIPM-MRA, a EURAMET key comparison was organized. Electrical standards of low-frequency (50/60 Hz) power were compared at ten national metrology institutes (NMIs) of EURAMET member states and at two NMIs of COOMET and APMP member states, to establish the relationship between the electrical units of AC power at these laboratories. The results of this comparison are described. The differences between the values of almost all laboratories and the EURAMET reference values were within the expanded measurement uncertainties at a coverage factor k = 2. The link between the comparisons of 50/60 Hz power conducted by the Consultative Committee for Electricity and Magnetism (CCEM) from 1996 to 2000 (CCEM-K5) and by EURAMET from 2003 to 2008 (EUROMET.EM-K5.1, Project no 687) is carried out following the example given by F Delahaye and T J Witt, in a similar way as in the previous comparison EUROMET.EM-K5, Project no 385. Main text. To reach the main text of this paper, click on Final Report. Note that this text is that which appears in Appendix B of the BIPM key comparison database kcdb.bipm.org/. The final report has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication by the CCEM, according to the provisions of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA).

  2. Measurement of cross sections for the 147Sm(n, alpha)144Nd reaction at 5.0 and 6.0 MeV.

    Zhang, Guohui; Zhang, Jiaguo; Guo, Li'an; Wu, Hao; Chen, Jinxiang; Tang, Guoyou; Gledenov, Yu M; Sedysheva, M V; Khuukhenkhuu, G; Szalanski, P J

    2009-01-01

    Cross sections of the (147)Sm(n, alpha)(144)Nd reaction were measured at En=5.0 and 6.0MeV. A twin gridded ionization chamber was used as a charged particle detector and two large area (147)Sm(2)O(3) samples placed back to back were employed. Experiments were performed at the 4.5MV Van de Graaff accelerator of Peking University. Neutrons were produced through the D(d, n)(3)He reaction with a deuterium gas target. Absolute neutron flux was determined by a small (238)U fission chamber. Present cross-section data are compared with existing results of evaluations and measurements. PMID:18707895

  3. Application of the Cavity theory in the calibration of the powder TLD-100 for energies of 60 Co, 137 Cs, 192 Ir and RX 50, 250 k Vp

    A powder lot TLD-100 (LiF:Mg,Ti) in absorbed dose terms in water Dw for the following radiation sources: 60 Co, 137 Cs and RX 50 and 250 k Vp is calibrated; to continuation is made a lineal interpolation of the TLD response in function of the effective energy of the sources to calibrate a source of 192 Ir. The calibration of those fields in Dw are carried out with aid of the Bragg-Gray cavity theory, the one which finds implicit in the following protocols: IAEA-TRS 398 for the 60 Co and the AAPM TG61 for X Rays of 50 and 250 k Vp. Additionally the AAPM protocol TG43 to determine the Dw in function of the kerma intensity Sk in the case of the 137 Cs is used. The calibration curves for the response of the TLD-100 RTLD vs Dw, corresponding to each one of the sources already mentioned are constructed. The RTLD vs Dw by least heavy square by means of a second order polynomial that corrects the supralineality of the response is adjusted. The curves are validated by lack of LOF adjustment and by the Anderson Darling normality test. Later the factors of sensitivity (Fs) for the sources of 192 Ir: Micro Selectron and Vari Source are interpolated, used respectively in the A and B hospitals for treatments of brachytherapy of high dose rate (HDR), the expanded uncertainties associated to the Dw and Fs are also determined. Finally, an acrylic phantom and a couple of capsules are already sent to the hospitals mentioned, to verify a nominal Dw of 2 Gy, in a case an underestimate in 5.5% in the imparted Dw and in other an overestimation in a range of -1.5 to -8.0% was obtained. The obtained results in this work establish the bases for the development of a national dosimetric quality control program for brachytherapy of HDR with sources of 192 Ir. (Author)

  4. Cross Section Measurement for the 95Mo(n, {alpha})92Zr Reaction at 4.0, 5.0 and 6.0 MeV

    Zhang, Guohui [Peking University; Wu, Hao [Peking University; Zhang, Jiaguo [Peking University; Liu, Jiaming [Peking University; Yin, Yuxiang [Peking University; Chen, Jinxiang [Peking University; Gledenov, Youri Mikhailovich [ORNL; Sedysheva, M. V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna, Russia; Khuukhenkhuu, G [National University of Mongolia; Koehler, Paul Edward [ORNL; Szalanski, P. [University of Lodz

    2011-01-01

    For the {sup 95}Mo(n, {alpha}){sup 92}Zr reaction cross section, there is only one experimental datum in the MeV neutron energy region with large uncertainty. As a result, very large deviations exist in different evaluated nuclear data libraries. This paper report the measurement of cross sections of the {sup 95}Mo(n, {alpha}){sup 92}Zr reaction at En = 4.0, 5.0 and 6.0 MeV. Experiments were performed at the 4.5 MV Van de Graaff of Peking University, China. A twin gridded ionization chamber was used as alpha particle detector and two large area {sup 95}Mo samples placed back to back were adopted. Fast neutrons were produced through the D(d, n){sup 3}He reaction by using a deuterium gas target. A small {sup 238}U fission chamber was adopted for absolute neutron flux determination and a BF{sub 3} long counter was used for neutron flux monitor. Present experimental data are compared with existing evaluations and measurement.

  5. Whole blood transcriptomics and urinary metabolomics to define adaptive biochemical pathways of high-intensity exercise in 50-60 year old masters athletes.

    Kamalika Mukherjee

    Full Text Available Exercise is beneficial for a variety of age-related disorders. However, the molecular mechanisms mediating the beneficial adaptations to exercise in older adults are not well understood. The aim of the current study was to utilize a dual approach to characterize the genetic and metabolic adaptive pathways altered by exercise in veteran athletes and age-matched untrained individuals. Two groups of 50-60 year old males: competitive cyclists (athletes, n = 9; VO2peak 59.1±5.2 ml·kg(-1·min(-1; peak aerobic power 383±39 W and untrained, minimally active individuals (controls, n = 8; VO2peak 35.9±9.7 ml·kg(-1·min(-1; peak aerobic power 230±57 W were examined. All participants completed an acute bout of submaximal endurance exercise, and blood and urine samples pre- and post-exercise were analyzed for gene expression and metabolic changes utilizing genome-wide DNA microarray analysis and NMR spectroscopy-based metabolomics, respectively. Our results indicate distinct differences in gene and metabolite expression involving energy metabolism, lipids, insulin signaling and cardiovascular function between the two groups. These findings may lead to new insights into beneficial signaling pathways of healthy aging and help identify surrogate markers for monitoring exercise and training load.

  6. Církev na pokraji zániku? Církev jako nebezpečný ideologický diverzant? Pohledy na ČCE na přelomu 50. a 60. let

    Matějka, Ondřej

    Praha : Českobratrská církev evangelická, 2009 - (Šmilauerová, A.), s. 73-84 ISBN 978-80-87098-10-3 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80630520 Keywords : church * 50´s and 60´s * Czech lands Subject RIV: AB - History

  7. Individuelle Therapieziele bei über 60jährigen Patienten in stationärer Psychotherapie im Vergleich mit 30-50jährigen Patienten und den Therapiezielen der sie behandelnden Therapeuten

    Kappes, S. (Susanne)

    2006-01-01

    Es wurden retrospektiv Individuelle Therapieziele (ITZ) und soziodemographische Daten über 60jähriger Psychotherapiepatienten (N = 98) eines psychosomatischen Fachkrankenhauses mit einer Vergleichsgruppe von 30-50jährigen Patienten sowie die Therapieziele der sie behandelnden Therapeuten untersucht. Beim Vergleich der genannten ITZ ließen sich bei den Patienten altersabhängige Unterschiede nachweisen, bei den Therapeuten nicht. Therapeuten hielten sich wenig an theoretische Überlegungen zu Th...

  8. Modelling fields induced in humans by 50/60 Hz magnetic fields: reliability of the results and effects of model variations

    This paper presents a comparison of anatomically realistic human models and numerical codes in the dosimetry of power frequency magnetic fields. The groups at the University of Victoria and the National Radiological Protection Board have calculated the induced electric fields in both their 'UVic' and 'NORMAN' models using independently developed codes. A detailed evaluation has been performed for a uniform magnetic field at 60 Hz. Comparisons of all dosimetric metrics computed in each particular model agree within 2% or less. Since in situ measurements cannot be performed in humans, and achievable accuracy of measurements in models and animals is not likely to be better than 10-15%, the comparisons presented should provide confidence limits on computational dosimetry. An evaluation of the effect of model size, shape and resolution has also been performed and further illuminated the reasons for differences in induced electric fields for various human body models. (author)

  9. Cross section measurement for the {sup 95}Mo(n, {alpha}){sup 92}Zr reaction at 4.0, 5.0 and 6.0 MeV

    Zhang Guohui [State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Institute of Heavy Ion Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China)], E-mail: guohuizhang@pku.edu.cn; Wu Hao; Zhang Jiaguo; Liu Jiaming; Yin Yuxiang; Chen Jinxiang [State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Institute of Heavy Ion Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Gledenov, Yu.M.; Sedysheva, M.V. [Frank Laboratory of Neutron Physics, JINR, Dubna 141980 (Russian Federation); Khuukhenkhuu, G. [Nuclear Research Centre, National University of Mongolia, Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia); Koehler, P.E. [Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Szalanski, P.J. [University of Lodz, Institute of Physics, Lodz (Poland)

    2010-01-15

    Measurements of cross sections of the {sup 95}Mo(n, {alpha}){sup 92}Zr reaction at E{sub n}=4.0, 5.0 and 6.0 MeV were carried out at the 4.5 MV Van de Graaff of Peking University, China. A twin gridded ionization chamber and two large-area {sup 95}Mo samples were adopted. Fast neutrons were produced through the D(d, n){sup 3}He reaction by using a deuterium gas target. A small {sup 238}U fission chamber was employed for absolute neutron flux determination. Present data are compared with existing evaluations and measurement.

  10. Characterization of the Diamant detector array from the de-excitation by emission of two particles of the 44Ti nuclei in the reaction 16O + 28Si at 50 MeV and 60 MeV

    We have characterized the response of the charged particle detector array DIAMANT in the reaction 16O + 28Si at 50 MeV and 60 MeV. We were able to select and study the deexcitation of the two particle channels for which the relative cross section is of the order of a few percent. The study of the energy distribution and the angular correlation of the emitted particles allowed a detailed test of the statistical model. The analysis of the results shows, for the first time, specific characteristics of the alpha particle emission from high spin states of the 44Ti compound nucleus formed in the reaction. (author)

  11. Tipología e implantación hotelera en el proceso de transformación del litoral portugués en los años 50 y 60 del siglo XX

    Cunha Matos, Madalena; Santos Pedrosa, Patrícia; Sequeira, Marta

    2014-01-01

    Esta investigación – que resulta del Proyecto de Investigación Arquitectura Hotelera en Portugal, desarrollado en la Facultad de Arquitectura de la Universidad de Lisboa en 2008 – se centra en el hotel moderno del litoral de las décadas del 50 y 60 del siglo XX, entendido como fundador de un conjunto de asentamientos urbanos de la costa portuguesa y como un importante agente de la difusión del Movimiento Moderno en Portugal. En su mayoría, estos hoteles tienen una relación privile...

  12. 50 CFR 32.60 - South Carolina.

    2010-10-01

    ... legal sunset. 2. We allow nonmotorized boats and boats with electric motors. We allow boats with... rifles or shotguns. 4. Access into all refuge hunt areas for hunting and scouting is by foot or bicycle... require personal identification at check-in. 3. Any movement within the refuge must be by foot or...

  13. Observation of Airy minimum in elastic and inelastic scattering of $^3$He from $^{12}$C at 50.5 and 60 MeV and alpha particle condensation in $^{12}$C

    Hamada, Sh; Burtebayev, N; Ohkubo, S

    2013-01-01

    Angular distributions for elastic and inelastic scattering of $^3$He from $^{12}$C were measured at energies 50.5 and 60 MeV. The Airy minimum of the prerainbow scattering was clearly observed in the angular distributions for the 0$_2^+$ (7.65 MeV) state of $^{12}$C (Hoyle state). The experimental results were analyzed with a coupled channels method with double folding potentials derived from the microscopic wave functions for the ground 0$_1^+$, 2$^+$ (4.44 MeV), 3$^-$ (9.64 MeV) and 0$_2^+$ states. The analysis supports the view that the Hoyle state is a three alpha particle condensate with a large radius of dilute matter distribution.

  14. Photonuclear Studies for the Isomeric Yield Ratios in the Production of natFe(γ,xnp)52m,gMn with 50-,60-, and 70-MeV Bremsstrahlung

    Shakilur Rahman, Md.; Kim, Guinyun; Kim, Kyung-Sook; Lee, Manwoo; Moinul Haque Meaze, A. K. M.

    2016-02-01

    The isomeric yield ratios in the production of natFe(γ,xnp)52m,gMn have been measured with photonuclear reactions. The high purity natural Fe metallic foils were used and irradiated with bremsstrahlung beams of end point energy 50-, 60-, and 70-MeV. The bremsstrahlung beams are produced with high energy electron beam struck with 0.1mm thin tungsten target. The activation method has been used and hence the induced activities in the irradiated foils were measured by off-line γ-ray spectrometric technique using HPGe detector coupled to a PC-based 4K MCA. The experimental values of isomeric ratios are compared with the theoretical values by statistical model code TALYS. The detail of the formation of isomers by photonuclear reactions together with the literature values of the investigated nuclides are compared and discussed.

  15. Isomeric yield ratios for the {sup nat}Ag(γ,xn){sup 106m,g;104m,g}Ag photonuclear reactions induced by 40-, 45-, 50-, 55-, and 60-MeV bremsstrahlung

    Van Do, Nguyen; Duc Khue, Pham; Tien Thanh, Kim; Hien, Nguyen Thi [Institute of Physics, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology,10 Dao Tan, Hanoi (Viet Nam); Van Loat, Bui [College of Science, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, 334 Nguyen Trai Str., Hanoi (Viet Nam); Yang, Sung-Chul [Department of Physics, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701 (Korea, Republic of); Nuclear Data Center, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Dajeon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Kwangsoo [Department of Physics, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701 (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Guinyun, E-mail: gnkim@knu.ac.kr [Department of Physics, Kyungpook National University, Daegu 702-701 (Korea, Republic of); Song, Tae-Young [Nuclear Data Center, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Dajeon 305-353 (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Sung-Gyun; Cho, Moo-Hyun; Kye, Yong-Uk [Division of Advanced Nuclear Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang 790-784 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Man-Woo [Research Center, Dongnam Institute of Radiological and Medical Science, Busan 619-953 (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-01-01

    We have determined the isomeric yield ratios for the isomeric pairs {sup 106m,g}Ag and {sup 104m,g}Ag produced on natural silver target nuclei in the bremstrahlung energy region from 40- to 60-MeV. The measurements were carried out by the activation method in combination with direct γ-spectrometry. The necessary corrections were made to improve the accuracy of the experimental results. The present yield ratios measured at 40, 45, 50, 55, and 60 MeV for the {sup 106m,g}Ag isomeric pair are 0.019 ± 0.002, 0.022 ± 0.002, 0.023 ± 0.002, 0.025 ± 0.002, and 0.025 ± 0.002, and those for the {sup 104m,g}Ag isomeric pair are 1.26 ± 0.12, 1.34 ± 0.12, 1.36 ± 0.12, 1.43 ± 0.12, and 1.49 ± 0.12, respectively. The obtained results are compared with those existing in literature and discussed.

  16. Isomeric yield ratios for the natAg(γ,xn)106m,g;104m,gAg photonuclear reactions induced by 40-, 45-, 50-, 55-, and 60-MeV bremsstrahlung

    We have determined the isomeric yield ratios for the isomeric pairs 106m,gAg and 104m,gAg produced on natural silver target nuclei in the bremstrahlung energy region from 40- to 60-MeV. The measurements were carried out by the activation method in combination with direct γ-spectrometry. The necessary corrections were made to improve the accuracy of the experimental results. The present yield ratios measured at 40, 45, 50, 55, and 60 MeV for the 106m,gAg isomeric pair are 0.019 ± 0.002, 0.022 ± 0.002, 0.023 ± 0.002, 0.025 ± 0.002, and 0.025 ± 0.002, and those for the 104m,gAg isomeric pair are 1.26 ± 0.12, 1.34 ± 0.12, 1.36 ± 0.12, 1.43 ± 0.12, and 1.49 ± 0.12, respectively. The obtained results are compared with those existing in literature and discussed

  17. Results of aeroheating DFI and ET design-data test on a 0.0175-scale model 60-OTS conducted in the Von Karman Gas Dynamics Facility (VKF) 40" supersonic and the 50" hypersonic wind tunnels A and C

    Marroquin, J.; Leef, C. R.

    1985-01-01

    The 0.0175-scale thin-skin thermocouple Model 60-OTS was tested in the von Karman Gas Facility 40-inch continuous flow supersonic tunnel A and the VKF Tunnel C. Testing was conducted at Mach numbers 2.25 to 4.0, and Reynolds numbers from 0.4 x 10 to the 6th power/ft to 6.6 x 10 to the 6th power/ft. Angle of attack range was from -5.0 to +5.0 degrees, and angle of sideslip range was from -6 to +6 degrees. The primary objective of this test was to provide a valid base for the external tank (ET) and solid rocket booster (SRB) heating prediction methodology for ascent flight by taking heating data at Development Flight Instrumentation (DFI) locations for flight conditions simulating STS-1 through -4. A second objective was to obtain additional aeroheating data to support potential reduction of the thermal protection system (TPS) on the ET. The third phase of the test was funded and conducted by NASA/MSFC for the purpose of establishing confidence in the data base from the lower temperature tunnel A.

  18. Determination of the Sensibility Factors for TLD-100 Powder on the Energy of X-Ray of 50, 250 kVp; 192Ir, 137Cs and 60Co

    TLD-100 powder is calibrated in terms of absorbed dose to water Dw, using the protocols AAPM TG61, AAPM TG43 and IAEA-TRS 398, for the energy of RX 50, 250 kVp, 137Cs and 60Co respectively. The calibration curves, TLD Response R versus Dw, are fitted by weighted least square by a quadratic polynomials; which are validated with the lack of fit and the Anderson-Darling normality test. The slope of these curves corresponds to the sensibility factor: Fs R/DW, [Fs] = nC Gy-1. The expanded uncertainties U's for these factors are obtained from the ANOVA tables. Later, the Fs' values are interpolated using the effective energy hvefec for the 192Ir. The SSDL sent a set of capsules with powder TLD-100 for two Hospitals. These irradiated them a nominal dose of Dw = 2 Gy. The results determined at SSDL are: for the Hospital A the Dw is overestimated in order to 4.8% and the Hospital B underestimates it in the range from -1.4% to -17.5%

  19. Physical and microstructural characterization of La0,60Sr0,40Co0,20Fe0,80O3-δ and Ba0,50Sr0,50Co0,80Fe0,20O3-δ ceramics

    The La0,60Sr0,40Co0,20Fe0,80O3-δ (LSCF) and Ba0,50Sr0,50Co0,80Fe0,20O3-δ (BSCF) oxides are studied as cathodes in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell. The objective of this study is to characterize physically and microstructural these materials. The LSCF was synthesized by citrate technique and BSCF for citrates-EDTA, processed under the same conditions. The characterizations of ceramics were performed by X-ray diffraction, dilatometry, scanning electron microscopy and apparent density for Archimedes principle. According to the diffraction technique, confirmed the presence of single phases for LSCF to 800 deg C and BSCF to 900 deg C, with orthorhombic and cubic structures, respectively. For dilatometry were determined the sintering temperatures, near of 1050 deg C to BSCF and 1100 deg C to LSCF. The sintered micrographs at 1000, 1050 and 1100 deg C for 2 hours showed homogeneity microstructure, containing porosity and, attacked thermally, a homogeneous distribution of grains. Finally by bulk density, was estimated porosity between 20 and 30%. (author)

  20. 21 CFR 558.60 - Arsanilate sodium.

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Arsanilate sodium. 558.60 Section 558.60 Food and... in Animal Feeds § 558.60 Arsanilate sodium. (a) Appprovals. Type A medicated articles: 20, 50, or 100...) Arsanilate sodium may be used in accordance with the provisions of this section in the combinations...

  1. 38 CFR 60.5 - Travel.

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Travel. 60.5 Section 60.5... TEMPORARY LODGING § 60.5 Travel. As a condition for receiving temporary lodging under this part, a veteran must be required to travel either 50 or more miles, or at least two hours from his or her home to...

  2. Periadolescent rats (P41-50) exhibit increased susceptibility to D-methamphetamine-induced long-term spatial and sequential learning deficits compared to juvenile (P21-30 or P31-40) or adult rats (P51-60).

    Vorhees, Charles V; Reed, Tracy M; Morford, LaRonda L; Fukumura, Masao; Wood, Sandra L; Brown, Carrie A; Skelton, Matthew R; McCrea, Anne E; Rock, Stephanie L; Williams, Michael T

    2005-01-01

    We have previously shown that P11-20 treatment with d-methamphetamine (MA) induces impaired spatial navigation in the Morris water maze (MWM), whereas P1-10 treatment does not. Little is known about the long-term behavioral consequences of MA during juvenile, adolescent, and early adult brain development. In dose-response experiments, we tested successive 10-day intervals of exposure to MA in rats (P21-30, P31-40, P41-50, and P51-60; four doses per day). MA dosing prior to P21 produces little or no toxicity; however, we observed an increased toxicity with advancing age. Across-age comparisons revealed no MWM acquisition or Cincinnati water maze (CWM) effects after MA treatment on P21-30 (2.5-10 mg/kg/dose), P31-40 (1.25-7.5 mg/kg/dose), or P51-60 (1.25-5.0 mg/kg/dose); however, significantly impaired MWM acquisition was observed after P41-50 MA treatment at the highest dose (6.25 mg/kg/dose). Learning in the CWM was also impaired in this group. No effects were seen at 1.25, 2.5, or 5 mg/kg/dose following P41-50 MA treatment. MWM reversal learning trials after P41-50 treatment showed a trend towards longer latency in all MA dose groups, but no effect on double-reversal trials. Reversal and double-reversal also showed no effects at the other exposure ages. No differences in straight channel swimming or cued learning in the MWM were seen after MA treatment at any exposure age. P41-50 is the periadolescent stage of brain development in rodents. The effects observed at this age may suggest a previously unrecognized period of susceptibility for MA-induced cognitive deficits. PMID:15681126

  3. Physical and microstructural characterization of La{sub 0,60}Sr{sub 0,40}Co{sub 0,20}Fe{sub 0,80}O{sub 3-δ} and Ba{sub 0,50}Sr{sub 0,50}Co{sub 0,80}Fe{sub 0,20}O{sub 3-δ} ceramics; Caracterizacao fisica e microestrutural de ceramicas constituidas de La{sub 0,60}Sr{sub 0,40}Co{sub 0,20}Fe{sub 0,80}O{sub 3-δ} e Ba{sub 0,50}Sr{sub 0,50}Co{sub 0,80}Fe{sub 0,20}O{sub 3-δ}

    Bonturim, E.; Vargas, R.A.; Andreoli, M.; Chiba, R.; Seo, E.S.M., E-mail: ebonturim@ipen.br, E-mail: ravargas@usp.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP/CCTM/SOFC), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Centro de Ciencia e Tecnologia de Materiais. Lab. de Insumos e Componentes

    2012-07-01

    The La{sub 0,60}Sr{sub 0,40}Co{sub 0,20}Fe{sub 0,80}O{sub 3-δ} (LSCF) and Ba{sub 0,50}Sr{sub 0,50}Co{sub 0,80}Fe{sub 0,20}O{sub 3-δ} (BSCF) oxides are studied as cathodes in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell. The objective of this study is to characterize physically and microstructural these materials. The LSCF was synthesized by citrate technique and BSCF for citrates-EDTA, processed under the same conditions. The characterizations of ceramics were performed by X-ray diffraction, dilatometry, scanning electron microscopy and apparent density for Archimedes principle. According to the diffraction technique, confirmed the presence of single phases for LSCF to 800 deg C and BSCF to 900 deg C, with orthorhombic and cubic structures, respectively. For dilatometry were determined the sintering temperatures, near of 1050 deg C to BSCF and 1100 deg C to LSCF. The sintered micrographs at 1000, 1050 and 1100 deg C for 2 hours showed homogeneity microstructure, containing porosity and, attacked thermally, a homogeneous distribution of grains. Finally by bulk density, was estimated porosity between 20 and 30%. (author)

  4. 50 CFR 21.60 - Conservation order for light geese.

    2010-10-01

    ... take light geese by any method except those prohibited as follows: (i) With a trap, snare, net, rifle... has been distributed or scattered solely as the result of manipulation of an agricultural crop...

  5. 50-60 Hz frequency electric and magnetic fields; Champs electriques et magnetiques de frequence 50-60 Hz

    Lambrozo, J. [Electricite de France (EDF), 75 - Paris (France). Service Etudes Medicales

    1999-07-01

    After more than twenty years of research, if biological effects exist for electromagnetic fields intensity over 1000 times the public usual exposure levels, the demonstration of a risk for health has not been brought. The actual data do not demonstrate that these fields can be dangerous for Health, more particularly, no solid nor conclusive proof shows that the residential exposure to electromagnetic fields can be responsible of cancer, undesirable neurological effects, or effects about the reproduction or development ( report extract of the Academy of Sciences in Usa, october 1996). (N.C.)

  6. 60 Years Unforgettable

    2014-01-01

    <正>CPAFFC President Li Xiaolin,Former President Chen Haosu and two young staff cutting the cake in celebration of the 60th anniversary of the CPAFFC at a CCTV special program 60 Years Unforgettable on May 16

  7. Tämän päivän työikäiset huomisen ikääntyneitä : Miten 50-60-vuotiaat näkevät ikääntyneiden yksinäisyyden

    Palhovaara, Linnea; Ala-Jääski, Anni

    2011-01-01

    Tämä opinnäytetyö liittyy Espoon kaupungin ”Elämää vuosiin” –ikääntyneiden yksinäisyyden ehkäisyhankkeeseen. Opinnäytetyössä kuvataan 5060-vuotiaiden käsityksiä ja ajatuksia ikääntyneiden yksinäisyydestä, sen kokemiseen vaikuttavista tekijöistä sekä yksinäisyyden ennaltaehkäisy– ja lievittämiskeinoista. Työn tavoitteena on tuottaa Espoon kaupungille tietoa, jonka pohjalta voidaan kehittää ikääntyneiden yksinäisyyttä ehkäiseviä ja lievittäviä toimintamuotoja espoolaisille. Opinnäytetyössä ikä...

  8. 76 FR 10367 - Agency Information Collection Request; 60-Day Public Comment Request

    2011-02-24

    ... investigators and project directors. PSLA in-depth interviews...... Principal 50 1 1 50 investigators and... the 120 1 2 240 general public. ] SSLA in-depth interviews...... Stakeholders: 60 1 1 60 health...

  9. Interstellar C60+

    Berne, Olivier; Joblin, Christine

    2012-01-01

    Buckminsterfullerene (C60) was recently detected through its infrared emission bands in the interstellar medium (ISM), including in the proximity of massive stars, where physical conditions could favor the formation of the cationic form, C60+. In addition, C60+ was proposed as the carrier of two diffuse interstellar bands in the near-IR, although a firm identification still awaits for gas-phase spectroscopic data. We examined in details the Spitzer IRS spectra of the NGC 7023 reflection nebula, at a position close (7.5") to the illuminating B star HD 200775, and found four previously unreported bands at 6.4, 7.1, 8.2 and 10.5 \\mu m in addition to the classical bands attributed to Polycylic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) and neutral C60. These 4 bands are observed only in this region of the nebula, while C60 emission is still present slightly further away from the star, and PAH emission even further away. Based on this observation, on theoretical calculations we perform, and on laboratory studies, we attribute t...

  10. 50 CFR 32.50 - New Mexico.

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false New Mexico. 32.50 Section 32.50 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED) THE... § 32.50 New Mexico. The following refuge units have been opened for hunting and/or fishing, and...

  11. 48 CFR 9904.418-60 - Illustrations.

    2010-10-01

    ... STANDARDS COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS 9904.418-60 Illustrations. (a) Business Unit A has various... with the requirements of 9904.418-50(a)(1). (b) Business Unit B has a fabrication department, employees.... These employees are grouped by labor skills and are interchangeable within the skill grouping....

  12. 60 Years of Impression

    DENG Qiwei

    2009-01-01

    @@ It has been 60 years since foundation of the People's Republic of China.These 60 years,China has experienced a huge transformation,from short supply of textile and apparel to nowadays big country of it.Facing the tough time of economic crisis,China's textile and apparel industry has been carrying out adjustment and renovation in time.How to enhance independent and creative capacity,upgrade technology,and improve brands' influence,to explore a new industrialized road and achieve the goal of being a strong country of textile by 2020 as well,it still has a long way to go.

  13. MC-50 AVF cyclotron operation

    The first cyclotron in Korea, MC-50 cyclotron is used for neutron irradiation, radionuclide development, production and material and biomedical research. 50.5MeV and 35MeV proton beam have been extracted with 20-60μA. A total of beam extraction time are 1095.7 hours. 206.5 hours are used for the developments and 663.8 hours are for radionuclide production and development and 225.4 hours for application researches. The shutdown days are 23 days. Fundamental data for failure decrement and efficient beam extraction were composed and maintenance technologies were developed

  14. Babesiosis PSA (:60)

    2012-04-25

    This 60 second PSA describes babesiosis, a preventable and treatable tickborne disease, including the signs and symptoms of infection and ways to prevent it.  Created: 4/25/2012 by Center for Global Health, Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria.   Date Released: 4/26/2012.

  15. Be Brave PSA (:60)

    2011-08-04

    In this 60-second public service announcement, gynecologic cancer survivor, Jenny Allen, urges women to see a doctor if symptoms last two weeks or more.  Created: 8/4/2011 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.   Date Released: 8/4/2011.

  16. 60th Anniversary

    Staff Association

    2015-01-01

      The Staff Association is happy to announce the start of the festivities for its 60th anniversary. To mark this event, we asked a graphic designer, Kevin Moles, who works with the support of Fabienne Marcastel/DG, to create an anniversary logo. This is the model which was chosen. From now on, you can find the new logo on all our sites, and materials related to the anniversary. We would like to thank Kevin for his work and help. More details of the celebration will be communicated later, but please already reserve the evening of May 21, and come celebrate with us and help us blow out the 60 candles of the Staff Association.

  17. 60 Years of Impression

    2009-01-01

    It has been 60 years since foundation of the People’s Republic of China. These 60 years, China has experienced a huge transformation, from short supply of textile and apparel to nowadays big country of it. Facing the tough time of economic crisis, China’s textile and apparel industry has been carrying out adjustment and renovation in time. How to enhance independent and creative capacity, upgrade technology, and improve brands’ influence, to explore a new industrialized road and achieve the goal of being a strong country of textile by 2020 as well, it still has a long way to go.But once we look back the history, we find pride and inspiration of China’s textile industry.

  18. Secondhand Smoke PSA (:60)

    2015-02-03

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the February 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. Secondhand smoke kills more than 400 infants and 41,000 adult nonsmokers every year. Learn what can be done to prevent secondhand smoke exposure.  Created: 2/3/2015 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 2/3/2015.

  19. Childhood Obesity PSA (:60)

    2013-08-06

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the August 2013 CDC Vital Signs report. The rate of obesity among low-income preschoolers has declined, but one in eight is still obese. This program briefly discusses what can be done.  Created: 8/6/2013 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 8/6/2013.

  20. Heroin Epidemic PSA (:60)

    2015-07-07

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the July 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. Heroin use and heroin-related overdose deaths are increasing. Most people are using it with other drugs, especially prescription opioid painkillers. Learn what can be done to prevent and treat the problem.  Created: 7/7/2015 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 7/7/2015.

  1. Dynamical fragmentation of C60 ions

    The distribution of fragments resulting from collisions between 50--200-keV C60+ ions and H2 and He is found to follow approximately a simple power law I(m)=cpm where p is a constant depending on both energy and target gas, and m is the number of missing ''pairs'' of carbon atoms. Based on this observation, a new dynamical fragmentation model involving the ratio of two characteristic times is proposed. In collisions by 300-keV C60++ ions, the singly charged products are distributed quite differently, which implies the first evidence of the presence of charge-separation reactions

  2. Hispanic Health PSA (:60)

    2015-05-05

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the May 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. About one in six people living in the U.S. are Hispanic. The two leading causes of death in this group are heart disease and cancer, accounting for two out of five deaths. Unfortunately, many Hispanics face considerable barriers to getting high quality health care, including language and low income. Learn what can be done to reduce the barriers.  Created: 5/5/2015 by Office of Minority Health & Health Equity (OMHHE).   Date Released: 5/5/2015.

  3. Highlights from NA60

    De Falco, A; Banicz, K; Borer, K; Castor, J; Chaurand, B; Chen, W; Cicalò, C; Colla, A; Cortese, P; Damjanovic, S; David, A; Devaux, A; Ducroux, L; Enyo, H; Fargeix, J; Ferretti, A; Floris, M; Force, P; Förster, A; Guettet, N; Guichard, A; Gulkanian, H R; Heuser, J; Keil, M; Kluberg, L; Li, Z; Lourenço, C; Lozano, J; Manso, F; Martins, P; Masoni, A; Neves, A; Ohnishi, H; Oppedisano, C; Parracho, P; Pillot, P; Poghosyan, T; Puddu, G; Radermacher, E; Ramalhete, P; Rosinsky, P; Scomparin, E; Seixas, J; Serci, S; Shahoyan, R; Sonderegger, P; Specht, H J; Tieulent, R; Usai, G; Veenhof, R; Wöhri, H

    2009-01-01

    NA60 measured dimuon production in p-A and In-In collisions at the CERN SPS. This paper presents a high statistics measurement of $\\phi$ meson production in In-In collisions at 158 AGeV. Both the transverse momentum, rapidity, decay angular distributions and the absolute yield were measured as a function of centrality. The results are compared to previous measurements in order to shed light on the long standing $\\phi$ puzzle. In addition, highlights on $\\eta$ meson production and on the dimuon excess below the J/$\\psi$ mass are presented.

  4. Preventing Melanoma PSA (:60)

    2015-06-02

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the June 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the U.S. In 2011, there were more than 65,000 cases of melanoma, the most deadly form of skin cancer. Learn how everyone can help prevent skin cancer.  Created: 6/2/2015 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 6/2/2015.

  5. Heart Age PSA (:60)

    2015-09-01

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the September 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. Your heart age is the age of your heart and blood vessels as a result of your risk factors for heart attack and stroke. If you smoke or have high blood pressure, your heart age will be much higher than your actual age. Learn what you can do to lower your heart age and keep it low.  Created: 9/1/2015 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 9/1/2015.

  6. Trucker Safety PSA (:60)

    2015-03-03

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the March 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. In 2012 in the United States, about 317,000 motor vehicle crashes involved a large truck. Twenty-six thousand truck drivers and their passengers were injured in these crashes, and about 700 died. Learn what can be done to help truck drivers stay safe.  Created: 3/3/2015 by National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).   Date Released: 3/3/2015.

  7. 40 CFR 60.162 - Standard for particulate matter.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standard for particulate matter. 60.162... Smelters § 60.162 Standard for particulate matter. (a) On and after the date on which the performance test... particulate matter in excess of 50 mg/dscm (0.022 gr/dscf)....

  8. 40 CFR 60.182 - Standard for particulate matter.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standard for particulate matter. 60.182... Smelters § 60.182 Standard for particulate matter. (a) On and after the date on which the performance test... furnace, or sintering machine discharge end any gases which contain particulate matter in excess of 50...

  9. 40 CFR 60.172 - Standard for particulate matter.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standard for particulate matter. 60.172... Smelters § 60.172 Standard for particulate matter. (a) On and after the date on which the performance test... contain particulate matter in excess of 50 mg/dscm (0.022 gr/dscf)....

  10. New Volleyballenes: Y20C60, La20C60, and Lu20C60

    Wang, Jing; Liu, Ying(College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, 100875, Beijing, China)

    2015-01-01

    New stable Volleyballenes Y20C60, La20C60, and Lu20C60 molecular clusters have been proposed using first-principles density functional theory studies. In conjunction with recent findings for the scandium system, these findings establish Volleyballene M20C60 molecules as a stable general class of fullerene family. All M20C60 (M=Y, La, and Lu) molecules have Th point group symmetries and relatively large HOMO-LUMO gaps.

  11. 20世纪5060年代熊十力“中国哲学”观论析%Discussion and Analysis of Xiong Shili’s thought onChinese philosophyfrom 1950s to 1960s in the 20th century

    李淑敏

    2015-01-01

    of Chinese philosophy in his time and beyond.%熊十力治中国哲学最显著的特点是,在坚持既定学术立场的前提下,针对不同时期有关中国哲学根本问题的各种论说,进行辩争、论证,并据此不断地改写其已成著作,完善其已有结论。20世纪5060年代,面对全新的时代主题与学术环境,熊十力继续坚持他“确乎其不可拔”的中国哲学本位立场,高扬儒学,并归宗大易,依此成就“内圣外王”。在从学理上对唯物论、唯心论、科学万能论、“批孔”运动进行的一系列辩驳中,他的中国哲学观得以不断修正与完善,较之于新中国建立之前更为理性而客观,其主要内容包括:中国哲学的学术之源是大易;中国哲学的根本特质是“心物不二”、“体用不二”,不可以简单地用唯心论、唯物论来界定中国哲学;中国哲学与现代科学同等重要,应相互资鉴;中国哲学蕴含着十分丰富的科学萌芽与民主精神,具备重要的现代价值;各时期的中国哲学有着内在的连续性,这一连续性的基础即“道”;中国哲学当代发展路径之基础是采用考古与继往开来的方法来阐扬中国传统哲学,同时融通诸学,等等。熊十力的中国哲学观是20世纪50年代到80年代初文化保守主义思潮中国哲学观的典型代表。相较于辩证唯物主义和历史唯物主义而言,熊十力的中国哲学观有不可避免的偏颇之处,但其对当时及此后中国哲学的发展与重构具有极为重要的价值与深远的影响。

  12. Recent results from JT-60

    During the last several months of JT-60 operation, experiments in hydrogen plasmas have been undertaken with up to 3.2 MA of plasma current in limiter discharges, 2.7 MA in divertor discharges, and 30 MW of total NB (H0 → H+) and RF injection power. In limiter discharges with ∼ 3 MA plasma current, the maximum central electron density of 1.3 x 1020 m-3 and the energy confinement time of 0.15 - 0.18 sec were obtained with heating powers of 13 - 20 MW. The total plasma stored energy of 3.1 MJ, and ne(0)τE of 1.4 - 1.8 x 1019 m-3 sec were achieved. Many short periods (50 - 100 ms) of H-mode phase are found in outside X-point divertor discharges with NB or NB + RF (LH or IC) heating power of more than 16 MW, although at present the energy confinement improvement is limited to within 10 %. In combined LH and NB heating of low-n-bare discharge, the plasma stored energy increases with the same rate as NB heating only, with preferential absorption of LH wave to the high energy beam ions. In combined NB and on-axis ICRF heating of low-n-bare discharge, a high incremental energy confinement time is obtained, with strong high energy beam ion acceleration and electron heating in the central region of the plasma. (author)

  13. 60 years of celebrations

    Katarina Anthony

    2014-01-01

    The first celebration of CERN's anniversary featured in the CERN Bulletin, 1979. As CERN wraps up a month of events surrounding its 60th anniversary, the Bulletin looks back on September 29ths that have come and gone. What was hitting the CERN headlines when the Organization turned 15 - 30 - 45? Brace yourselves for a trip back in time with previous birthday editions of the CERN (a.k.a. "Weekly") Bulletin.      Bulletin Issue No.1/1965  - Bulletin Issue No. 40/1969 The very first edition of the Weekly Bulletin arrived on CERN desktops on 29 March 1965. The Organization was only just out of its first decade, but it was already a hub of activity, as demonstrated by the various seminars and training events that graced the cover of the first Bulletin. By the time CERN turned 15 in 1969, the Organization was preparing for its second Open Day. Discussion of the event made the cover of the Bulletin, announcing that sections of the ISR were to be ...

  14. Acknowledgment - Issue 60

    Executive Editor

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Biblios wish to acknowledge the support of the following professionals who participated in the review process of submissions for our issue 60.ReviewersAndré Ancona Lopez (Universidade de Brasília - UnB, BrasilGildenir Carolino Santos (Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP, BrasilJacira Gil Bernardes (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul - UFRGS, BrasilRodrigo Donoso Vegas (Universidad de Chile - UCHILE, ChileSaúl Hiram Souto Fuentes (Universidad de Monterrey - UDEM, MéxicoReviewers invitedAlejandro Uribe Tirado (Universidad de Antioquia - UDEA, ColombiaFernanda Passini Moreno (Universidade de Brasília - UnB, BrasilJosé Bernal Rivas Fernández (Universidad de Costa Rica - UCR, Costa RicaMarta Lígia Pomim Valentim (Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP, BrasilOrlando Corzo Cauracurí (Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos - UNMSM, PerúTerezinha Elisabeth da Silva (Universidade Estadual de Londrina - UEL, BrasilZaira Regina Zafalon (Universidade Federal de São Carlos - UFSCAR, BrasilIn the same way our acknowledge to University Library System (University of Pittsburgh - PITTS, USA by constant technical support and advice for our journal.

  15. Interaction of fast neutrons with 60Ni

    Neutron total cross sections of 60Ni are measured with broad resolutions from approx. 0.5 to 5.0 MeV at intervals of approx. < 50 KeV. Differential elastic-neutron-scattering cross sections are measured from 1.5 to 4.0 MeV at intervals of approx. < 50 keV over the scattered-neutron angular ramge of approx. 20 to 160 deg. Differential cross sections for the inelastic-neutron excitation states at 1.342 +- 0.013, 2.168 +- 0.010, 2.304 +- 0.026, 2.509 +- 0.022, 2.636 +- 0.019 and 3.164 +- 0.041 MeV are measured. The experimental results are interpreted in terms of optical-statistical and coupled-channels models including consideration of compound-nucleus fluctuations and direct-vibrational processes. 32 references

  16. Photoionization dynamics of C60

    Photoionization of C60 by means of synchrotron radiation is reported. The present investigation covers an energy range of 15 - 120 eV. The findings are compared with other recent reports focusing on the ionization and fragmentation behaviour of C60 as a result of certain energy transfer processes to the cluster. The actual ionization mechanism, the temperature dependence on the ion yield curve and the fragmentation behaviour of ionic C60 are discussed. (orig.)

  17. Accumulation and excretion of 60Co by marine organisms

    The biological half-life of 60Co accumulated from seawater by marine fish was 20-50 days. It was slightly longer in the liver and muscles than in the whole body. Feed including natural feed organisms contributed more to the total body burden of 60Co than environmental waters. The total body burden of 60Co via feed varied according to the organism species, kinds of feed and the root of incorporation. Transfer ratio of 60Co from the water into the organisms was higher than that from the marine sediments having high affinity of Co into the organisms. The elevated water temperature promoted the biological activity, resulting in the increased bioaccumulation of radioactive Co. Concentration coefficients of 60Co by mollusca and seaweeds were generally high. In particular, organic 60Co was more likely to be accumulated than inorganic 60Co. The biological half-life of organic 60Co was longer than inorganic 60Co in mollusca, while it was the same as or shorter than inorganic 60Co in the other organisms. (Namekawa, K.)

  18. Cobalt60 plaques in recurrent retinoblastoma

    Cobalt60 plaque irradiation is one treatment option for patients with recurrent retinoblastoma following conventional external beam irradiation (ERT). Tumorocidal doses can be delivered without excessive risk of normal tissue injury. In patients not considered candidates for xenon arc or cryotherapy, 60Co is an alternative to enucleation. Between 1968 and 1987, 85 patients were treated with 60Co plaques, 72 of whom had failed prior ERT. Age at diagnosis ranged from 1 week to 4 years. There are 37 males and 35 females. Seventy-one patients had bilateral disease and one had unilateral. Three patients had both eyes plaqued. Prior ERT ranged from 30 to 70 Gy (mean 4200 Gy). Time from initial therapy to failure ranged from 13 to 60 months. Cobalt plaques of 10 mm, 15 mm, or 10 x 15 mm were used depending on tumor size and location. Dose prescribed to the apex of the tumor ranged from 30 to 50 Gy (median 40 Gy) given over 3 to 8 days. Twelve patients had two plaque applications; three patients had three plaque applications. All patients were followed with routine ophthalmoscopic examinations. Follow-up ranged from 2 to 22 years (mean 8.7). Seven patients died of metastatic disease; 10 patients developed non-ocular second tumors. Thirty patients required enucleation. Twenty-two patients had clear tumor progression, two patients had radiation complications, and six patients had a combination of tumor growth and complications. Cobalt60 can salvage eyes in retinoblastoma patients failing ERT. Currently, the authors are using I125 in an attempt to spare normal ocular tissue and reduce subsequent complications

  19. Cobalt60 plaques in recurrent retinoblastoma

    Fass, D.; McCormick, B.; Abramson, D.; Ellsworth, R. (Department of Radiation Oncology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, NY, NY (USA))

    1991-08-01

    Cobalt60 plaque irradiation is one treatment option for patients with recurrent retinoblastoma following conventional external beam irradiation (ERT). Tumorocidal doses can be delivered without excessive risk of normal tissue injury. In patients not considered candidates for xenon arc or cryotherapy, 60Co is an alternative to enucleation. Between 1968 and 1987, 85 patients were treated with 60Co plaques, 72 of whom had failed prior ERT. Age at diagnosis ranged from 1 week to 4 years. There are 37 males and 35 females. Seventy-one patients had bilateral disease and one had unilateral. Three patients had both eyes plaqued. Prior ERT ranged from 30 to 70 Gy (mean 4200 Gy). Time from initial therapy to failure ranged from 13 to 60 months. Cobalt plaques of 10 mm, 15 mm, or 10 {times} 15 mm were used depending on tumor size and location. Dose prescribed to the apex of the tumor ranged from 30 to 50 Gy (median 40 Gy) given over 3 to 8 days. Twelve patients had two plaque applications; three patients had three plaque applications. All patients were followed with routine ophthalmoscopic examinations. Follow-up ranged from 2 to 22 years (mean 8.7). Seven patients died of metastatic disease; 10 patients developed non-ocular second tumors. Thirty patients required enucleation. Twenty-two patients had clear tumor progression, two patients had radiation complications, and six patients had a combination of tumor growth and complications. Cobalt60 can salvage eyes in retinoblastoma patients failing ERT. Currently, the authors are using I125 in an attempt to spare normal ocular tissue and reduce subsequent complications.

  20. Safety instruction no 50

    Secrétariat SC

    2004-01-01

    Please note that the safety instruction no 50 (IS 50) entitled 'Safety Coordination on CERN Worksites' is available on the web at the following url: https://edms.cern.ch/document/479454/LAST_RELEASED Paper copies can also be obtained from the SC unit Secretariat, email: sc.secretariat@cern.ch SC Secretariat

  1. Electric and magnetic fields having a 50/60 hz frequency; Champs electriques et magnetiques de frequence 50/60 Hz

    Lambrozo, J.; Touitou, Y. [Electricite de France (EDF), Service des Etudes Medicales, 93 - Saint-Denis (France)]|[Hopital Pitie-Salpetriere, Service de Biochimie Medicale, Faculte de Medecine, 75 - Paris (France)

    2001-07-01

    If variations of pineal or plasmatic rate of melatonin have been underlined with the rodent, with the man it does not appear that the electromagnetic fields exposure involve a significant change at the melatonin level or its principal metabolite. (N.C.)

  2. Biological effects of electric and magnetic fields with a 50/60 Hz frequency; Effets biologiques des champs electriques et magnetiques de frequence 50/60 Hz

    Lambrozo, J. [Electricite de France (EDF), 75 - Paris (France)

    1997-05-01

    The question of the possible biological effects of electric and magnetic fields with a low frequency was raised in the 1970`s after the publication of Korobsova`s paper and the epidemiologic study of Wertheimer. It has generated an important research work in various scientific domains from the molecular biology to the epidemiology and the human experiments. This short paper takes stock of the results obtained so far. (J.S.)

  3. BRIC-60: Biological Research in Canisters (BRIC)-60

    Richards, Stephanie E. (Compiler); Levine, Howard G.; Romero, Vergel

    2016-01-01

    The Biological Research in Canisters (BRIC) is an anodized-aluminum cylinder used to provide passive stowage for investigations evaluating the effects of space flight on small organisms. Specimens flown in the BRIC 60 mm petri dish (BRIC-60) hardware include Lycoperscion esculentum (tomato), Arabidopsis thaliana (thale cress), Glycine max (soybean) seedlings, Physarum polycephalum (slime mold) cells, Pothetria dispar (gypsy moth) eggs and Ceratodon purpureus (moss).

  4. Whole-body CT scanner, TCT-60A/60

    As whole-body CT scanners, TCT-60A (high class), TCT-80A (popular type) and TCT-70A (for medium-scale hospitals) had already been seriated. Now TCT-60A/60 has made its advent to answer the demand in the market of high-class units. This third-generation CT scanner, utilizing pulsed X-rays, and employing the highest pulse rate in the world (200 pulses per second), obtains high-quality images at high speed. As for the resolution, this unit, making the most of Toshiba's close-up technique, employing small focus X-ray tube, has practicalized 0.5-mm resolution. In addition, it utilizes 34 fan-shaped X-rays and a low patient couch. (author)

  5. Acute Hypotension After 50% Dextrose Injections.

    Saites, Victoria; Laudanski, Krzysztof

    2016-05-15

    The hemodynamic effects of small-volume boluses of hyperosmotic solutions are often deemed negligible in the clinical setting. However, animal studies have reported decreases in systemic arterial blood pressure and bradycardia with the administration of hyperosmotic solutions. This is a report of a 60-year-old woman, intubated and sedated, who developed acute decreases in systemic arterial blood pressure with the administration of ≤50 mL of 50% dextrose. Animal studies suggest that hyperosmolar-induced hypotension may be avoided by administering the hyperosmotic solution slowly. This allows for admixture and therefore a decreased osmotic load at the proposed osmoreceptor involved in the neural reflex. PMID:26934608

  6. 60Fe-60Ni chronology of core formation in Mars

    Tang, Haolan

    2014-01-01

    The timescales of accretion, core formation, and magmatic differentiation in planetary bodies can be constrained using extinct radionuclide systems. Experiments have shown that Ni becomes more siderophile with decreasing pressure, which is reflected in the progressively higher Fe/Ni ratios in the mantles of Earth, Mars and Vesta. Mars formed rapidly and its mantle has a high Fe/Ni ratio, so the 60Fe-60Ni decay system (t1/2=2.62 Myr) is well suited to establish the timescale of core formation in this object. We report new measurements of 60Ni/58Ni ratios in bulk SNC/martian (Shergotty-Nakhla-Chassigny) meteorites and chondrites. The difference in {\\epsilon}60Ni values between SNC meteorites and the building blocks of Mars assumed to be chondritic (55 % ordinary chondrites +45% enstatite chondrites) is +0.028+/-0.023 (95% confidence interval). Using a model of growth of planetary embryo, this translates into a time for Mars to have reached ~44 % of its present size of 1.9(-0.8)(+1.7) Myr with a strict lower lim...

  7. 50 ns Backup Solution

    Kain, V; Bartosik, H; Goddard, B; Höfle, W; Iadarola, G; Meddahi, M; Pieloni, T; Rumolo, G; Salvant, B; Wenninger, J

    2014-01-01

    The baseline bunch spacing for LHC high luminosity proton-proton operation after LS3 is 25 ns to maximize the integrated luminosity while keeping the pile-up low. The success of this mode of operation is not guaranteed. Electron cloud, UFOs, long-range beambeam, heating and other effects might make 25 ns operation in the LHC and/or the injectors difficult. This talk will review possible showstoppers in the LHC and injectors for 25 ns operation and discuss possible remedies. An alternative would be re-considering 50 ns operation. An estimate of the 50 ns performance will be given. The question of whether a different upgrade path would have to be chosen in case of 50 ns operation will also be addressed.

  8. 50 visions of mathematics

    O'Briain, Dara

    2014-01-01

    Relax: no one understands technical mathematics without lengthy training but we all have an intuitive grasp of the ideas behind the symbols. To celebrate the 50th anniversary of the founding of the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications (IMA), this book is designed to showcase the beauty of mathematics - including images inspired by mathematical problems - together with its unreasonable effectiveness and applicability, without frying your brain. The book is a collection of 50 original essays contributed by a wide variety of authors. It contains articles by some of the best expositors of

  9. Reinventing CS50

    Malan, David J.

    2010-01-01

    Computer Science 50 is Harvard College’s introductory course for majors and non-majors alike, enrollment in which both rose and fell along with the dotcoms. Although enrollment peaked in 1996 at 386 students, it had settled by 2002 in the neighborhood of 100. We set out in 2007 to combat that trend by tackling two problems. We hypothesized that CS50 suffered from two, one of perception and one of design. Although, per end-of-term surveys, the course had never lacked for good teachers or good ...

  10. 50th anniversary

    2004-01-01

    CERN's 50th anniversary Official Ceremony Tuesday 19 October 2004 2.00 p.m. - 5.00 p.m. The event will be broadcast by closed-circuit television in the Council Chamber, the Main Auditorium, and the Auditoria of AB Department (Prévessin) and AT Department (Building 30).

  11. The cobalt-60 container scanner

    The Institute of Nuclear Energy Technology (INET) has successfully designed and constructed a container (cargo) scanner, which uses cobalt-60 of 100-300 Ci as radiation source. The following performances of the Cobalt-60 container scanner have been achieved at INET: a) IQI (Image Quality Indicator) - 2.5% behind 100 mm of steel; b) CI (Contrast Indicator) - 0.7% behind 100 mm of steel; c) SP (Steel Penetration) - 240 mm of steel; d) Maximum Dose per Scanning - 0.02mGy; e) Throughput - twenty 40-foot containers per hour. These performances are equal or similar to those of the accelerator scanners. Besides these nice enough inspection properties, the Cobalt-60 scanner possesses many other special features which are better than accelerator scanners: a) cheap price - it will be only or two tenths of the accelerator scanner's; b) low radiation intensity - the radiation protection problem is much easier to solve and a lot of money can be saved on the radiation shielding building; c) much smaller area for installation and operation; d) simple operation and convenient maintenance; e) high reliability and stability. The Cobalt-60 container (or cargo) scanner is satisfied for boundary customs, seaports, airports and railway stations etc. Because of the nice special features said above, it is more suitable to be applied widely. Its high properties and low price will make it have much better application prospects

  12. Cobalt 60 commercial irradiation facilities

    The advantage of using cobalt 60 for ionizing treatment is that it has excellent penetration. Gamma plants are also very efficient, in as much as there is very little mechanical or electrical equipment in a gamma irradiation facility. The average efficiency of a gamma plant is usually around 95% of all available processing time

  13. NA60 frees the quarks

    2003-01-01

    Fitted with new state-of-the-art silicon detectors, NA60 is prepared to study the phase transition from confined hadronic matter to a deconfined (free) quark-gluon plasma, a state of matter which probably existed an instant after the Big Bang.

  14. Raccoon Roundworm Infection PSA (:60)

    2012-08-27

    This 60 second PSA describes the signs and symptoms of and ways to prevent Baylisascaris infection, a parasitic roundworm infection that is spread through raccoon feces.  Created: 8/27/2012 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 8/28/2012.

  15. Child Passenger Safety PSA (:60)

    2014-02-04

    This 60 second public service announcement, based on the February 2014 Vital Signs release, discusses the importance of buckling up to reduce injuries and save lives.  Created: 2/4/2014 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 2/4/2014.

  16. Seed germination of peanuts irradiated with cobalt (60CO)

    This work was realized to evaluate the effect of gamma irradiation (60Co) at doses 0, 0.50, 1.00, 1.50, 2.00, 2.50, 3.00 and 4.00 kGy, on germination of seeds of peanut, cultivar BR1. Irradiation Department of Nuclear, UFPE, where he received after the irradiation, they were stored in packing of PET and polyethylene braided with a time of 90 days. Through the results, obtained monthly, concluded that the dose of 0.5 kGy was effective in the germination of seeds of peanut, not affecting its power of germination and overcoming the witness within 30 to 60 days. (author)

  17. Electronic structure and electrical transport characteristics of C60, 2C60 and 4C60 fullerene molecules

    SHEN Haijun; MU Xiancai

    2007-01-01

    The extended Hückel method and the Green's function method were used to calculate the electronic struc-ture and electrical transport of Au electrode-C60,2C60 or 4C60 fullerene-Au electrode systems.Furthermore,their electronic structure and electrical transport characteristics were com-pared and analyzed.The results show that (I) owing to the contact with the Au electrodes,the C60,2C60 and 4C60 mole-cules change in their electronic structures ignificantly,and their energy gaps between LUMO and HOMO are narrow;(ii) the bonding between C60,2C60 or 4C60 fullerene and Au electrodes is partially covalent and partially electrovalent;and (iii) the conductance of the three fullerenes conforms to the order of C60>2C60>4C60.

  18. Design of JT-60 first wall

    This paper describes an outline of JT-60 first wall design. Main purpose of JT-60 is to achieve reactor grade plasma and maintain 5 -- 10 sec plasma discharge. Therefore, the requirements from physics and engineering aspects are extremely severe than the one in currently operating tokamak. In FY1974 -- 1976, to make clear the points at issue and the technological prospects, a number of examinations and R and D works have been performed. As a result, molybdenum has been selected as a JT-60 first wall material. Also, toroidal fixed limiter, magnetic limiter plate and liner have been applied as first wall structures. Since a time constant of plasma current decay during a disruption was changed from 50 msec to 1 msec (Target value), liner material was changed to Inconel 625. Mechanical design criterion is based on ASME Section III code. All first wall components are designed to withstand the mechanical load at 3 msec plasma disruption. Design values of heat flux and duration time are 305 w/cm2 and 10 sec for the toroidal fixed limiter, and 440 w/cm2 and 5 sec for the magnetic limiter plate, respectively. Interval time between discharges is 10 min. Design values of the maximum surface temperature are 900sup( o)C for molybdenum and 600sup( o)C for Inconel 625, respectively. First wall structure is designed to protect bellows, thermocouples and electromagnetic sensors against severe plasma thermal load. Also, the first wall can be exchanged easily for first wall experiment. Titanium carbide, 20 μm in thick, are coated onto the first wall. Details of the first wall design will be published in another reports. (author)

  19. THE ELUSIVE 60Fe IN THE SOLAR NEBULA

    No 60Ni or 61Ni anomalies have been detected in troilite inclusions from Muonionalusta, a 4565.3 ± 0.1 Ma old IVA iron meteorite, to the level of the analytical precision of 10 ppm. Because Muonionalusta troilite is very old, has a high Fe/Ni ratio, and is free of 61Ni anomalies, it is the ideal material in which to search for potential excesses of 60Ni produced by the decay of 60Fe (t1/2 = 2.62 Ma). The 60Ni/58Ni and Fe/Ni ratios (up to 1680) measured here imply an upper limit for the initial 60Fe/56Fe for the Muonionalusta troilite of 3 × 10–9. Assuming that 60Fe was homogeneously distributed across the nebula, this result suggests that the solar system initial 60Fe/56Fe ratio was less than 5 × 10–9, which is lower than previously measured by at least a factor of 50.

  20. Labor force activity after 60

    Pedersen, Peder J.; Larsen, Mona

    2015-01-01

    participation from individual education and from self-assessed health is analyzed based on available micro data. Policy reforms and changes in the retirement area have been enacted since the mid-1990s in the included countries and more sweeping reforms are enacted or under review for the years ahead. We include...... a brief survey of policy changes in the Scandinavian countries and Germany as other determinants of labor force participation in the 60 and older group....

  1. Prescription Painkiller Overdoses PSA (:60)

    2013-07-02

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the July 2013 CDC Vital Signs report. Prescription painkiller overdoses are an under-recognized and growing problem among women. This program includes things that women and health care providers can do to reduce the risk of overdose.  Created: 7/2/2013 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 7/2/2013.

  2. Alcohol Poisoning Deaths PSA (:60)

    2015-01-06

    This 60 second Public Service Announcement is based on the January 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. In the United States, an average of six people die every day from alcohol poisoning. Learn what you can do to prevent binge drinking and alcohol poisoning.  Created: 1/6/2015 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 1/6/2015.

  3. Preventing Teen Pregnancy PSA (:60)

    2015-04-07

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the April 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. Teen births in the U.S. have declined, but still, more than 273,000 infants were born to teens ages 15 to 19 in 2013. Learn about the most effective types of birth control.  Created: 4/7/2015 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 4/7/2015.

  4. Preventing Norovirus Outbreaks PSA (:60)

    2014-06-03

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the June 2014 CDC Vital Signs report. Norovirus infects about 20 million Americans each year. Learn how to protect yourself and your family from this very contagious, potentially serious illness.  Created: 6/3/2014 by National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD).   Date Released: 6/3/2014.

  5. 50 years of positrons

    This year marks the 50th anniversary of one of the major landmarks of modern physics - the discovery of the positron, the antimatter counterpart of the electron. This provided the first evidence for antimatter, and it was also unprecedented for the existence of a new particle to have been predicted by theory. The positron and the concepts behind it were to radically change our picture of Nature. It led to the rapid advancement or our understanding, culminating some fifteen years later with the formulation of quantum electrodynamics as we now know it. (orig./HSI).

  6. ICTP celebrates 50 years

    2014-01-01

    CERN is not the only scientific organisation to be celebrating a significant anniversary in 2014. Earlier this year, ESA turned 50, and last week it was the turn of the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, ICTP, to blow out its 50 candles. I had the pleasure to be there for the occasion, and to take part in the first day of a four-day scientific celebration in which the true value of ICTP came to the fore.   Nobel Prize winning Pakistani physicist Abdus Salam established the ICTP in 1964, and went on to become its first director. The Centre’s mission was and remains to foster the development of international scientific cooperation and to promote scientific excellence with an emphasis on the developing world. Established outside Trieste, Italy, and operated under a tripartite agreement between the Italian government, the IAEA and UNESCO, the ICTP has proven itself true to that mandate and become a driving force for advancing scientific expertise around the globe....

  7. Too Much Sodium PSA (:60)

    2012-02-07

    This 60 second PSA is based on the February 2012 CDC Vital Signs report. Ninety percent of Americans age two and older eat too much sodium which can increase your risk for high blood pressure and often leads to heart disease and stroke, two leading causes of death in the US. Learn several small steps you can take to reduce the amount of sodium in your diet.  Created: 2/7/2012 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 2/7/2012.

  8. JT-60 database system, 1

    Naturally, sufficient software circumstance makes it possible to analyse the discharge result data effectively. JT-60 discharge result data, collected by the supervisor, are transferred to the general purpose computer through the new linkage channel, and are converted to ''database''. Datafile in the database was designed to be surrounded by various interfaces. This structure is able to preserve the datafile reliability and does not expect the user's information about the datafile structure. In addition, the support system for graphic processing was developed so that the user may easily obtain the figures with some calculations. This paper reports on the basic concept and system design. (author)

  9. 60 minutes/our reply

    The prestigious CBS show 60 Minutes visited Illinois Power Company, an investor owned utility company building its first nuclear power plant, to do a story on the economics of nuclear construction. The company opened its doors to the show's producer and was astonished at the program that resulted. Illinois Power had filmed everything CBS filmed and subsequently prepared its own rebutal video tape showing unedited portions of interviews and factual information furnished CBS which they never used in the broadcast. The rebuttal tape has been distributed world wide and received coverage in leading newspapers and magazines. It has also been installed as a class study in major journalism and business schools

  10. Enhancements to ACL2 in Versions 5.0, 6.0, and 6.1

    Matt Kaufmann; J Strother Moore

    2013-01-01

    We report on highlights of the ACL2 enhancements introduced in ACL2 releases since the 2011 ACL2 Workshop. Although many enhancements are critical for soundness or robustness, we focus in this paper on those improvements that could benefit users who are aware of them, but that might not be discovered in everyday practice.

  11. 40 CFR 60.50a - Applicability and delegation of authority.

    2010-07-01

    ... burns homogeneous waste (such as automotive tires or used oil, but not including refuse-derived fuel... oil, but not including refuse-derived fuel) for the production of electric energy and steam or...

  12. 42 CFR 60.50 - Which schools are eligible to be HEAL schools?

    2010-10-01

    ... Osteopathic Medicine Doctor of Dentistry or equivalent degree Bachelor or Master of Science in Pharmacy or... of Chiropractic or equivalent degree Doctoral degree of Clinical Psychology Masters or...

  13. 40 CFR 60.50b - Applicability and delegation of authority.

    2010-07-01

    ... waste other than yard waste are subject to all provisions of this subpart. (m) Pyrolysis/combustion... Municipal Waste Combustors for Which Construction is Commenced After September 20, 1994 or for Which... authority. (a) The affected facility to which this subpart applies is each municipal waste combustor...

  14. 50-60 Hz magnetic fields and health: what's new?

    In December 2013, the SCENIHR (Scientific Committee on Emerging and Newly Identified Health Risks) released a new report on the health risks associated with electromagnetic fields from 0 to 300 GHz. This literature review does not show a possible health risk associated with the extremely low frequency magnetic field exposure. Concerning childhood leukemia, the report raises a number of critical issues that deserve more detailed analysis. Consideration of the exposure remains the Achilles' heel of epidemiological studies and none of these studies has provided a suitable answer to this question. The issue of childhood leukemia is analyzed here in the light of the recent literature. Given the weaknesses and gaps in exposure assessment, the heterogeneity of the studies and the reduction of the odds ratio over time for the most vulnerable populations, consistency between study results is not obvious. After 30 years of research, two key points deserve attention: the overall exposure assessment, taking into account all sources of exposure, on the one hand; and the duration of exposure (and not only the average over 24 hours) including the total duration of residence of the mother and child, on the other hand. (authors)

  15. 36 CFR 60.12 - Nomination appeals.

    2010-07-01

    ... the nomination process,” as specified in §§ 60.6(t) and 60.9(i). Upon receipt of such petition the... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Nomination appeals. 60.12... NATIONAL REGISTER OF HISTORIC PLACES § 60.12 Nomination appeals. (a) Any person or local government...

  16. Technical description of the NTK1500/60-60

    Soendergaard, Henrik

    1997-07-01

    The 1.5 MW turbine is a tree blade upwind rotor with a hub height of 60 m. The tube tower has a diameter of 3.8 m in top and 4.2 m at the base and is the world largest commercial three blade stall regulated wind turbine. The develeopment project is subsidized by EU under the THERMIE and JOULE II programs for demonstration for research respective development. The design process resulted in a smoothly formed nacelle placed on a double coned tower which `firmly holds` on to the nacelle. The overall design was finished in August 1994 and the turbine was erected in late August 1995 and set into commissioning in September 1995. The measuring program was started in September 1995 and will be completed in December 1997. (au)

  17. Spectroscopic studies in JT-60

    This paper summarizes the spectroscopic studies in JT-60 which was constructed to explore the break-even plasma. The content is as follows; (1) In order to study impurity behaviors in the JT-60 plasma, a spectroscopic diagnostic system, which is capable of measuring many spectra of impurity ions and their spatial distributions, has been developed. (2) A Rowland-type grazing incidence monochromator has been absolutely calibrated with a branching ratio method. And multi-channel spectrometers have been absolutely calibrated in the wavelength region of 275-1250A using synchrotron radiation. (3) The transport coefficients (D, cv) for impurity have been measured by observing the time evolutions of line intensities of titanium in ohmically heated and neutral beam heated discharges. (4) Impurity contents have been measured in limited discharges and diverted discharges with different materials for the first wall, namely metallic wall and graphite wall. (5) For the Lyman-α line of TiXXII, the intensity ratio of its fine structure components (1 2S1/2 - 2 2P1/2,3/2) has been measured in discharges with various heating modes. (6) Energy levels and oscillator strengths have been calculated for MoXV-XL. (J.P.N.)

  18. Audiitorfirmade TOP 50 aastal 2000

    2001-01-01

    Audiitorfirmade käibe TOP 50, käibe kasvu TOP 25, käibe languse TOP 15, kasumi TOP 50, kasumi kasvu TOP 10, kasumi languse TOP 10, audiitorfirmade finantsnäitajad. Rentaabluse TOP 50, varade tootlikkuse TOP 50

  19. 40 CFR 60.4108 - Appeal procedures.

    2010-07-01

    ... Electric Steam Generating Units Hg Budget Trading Program General Provisions § 60.4108 Appeal procedures. The appeal procedures for decisions of the Administrator under the Hg Budget Trading Program shall be...(b)(2) or (c)(2),” “§ 60.4154,” “§ 60.4156,” “§ 60.4161,” “§ 60.4175,” “Hg allowances,” “Hg...

  20. Tritium processing in JT-60U

    Tritium retention analysis and tritium concentration measurement have been made during the large Tokamak JT-60U deuterium operations. This work has been carried out to evaluate the tritium retention for graphite tiles inside the vacuum vessel and tritium release characteristics in the tritium cleanup operations. JT-60U has carried out D-D experiments since July 1991. In the deuterium operations during the first two years, about 1.7 x 1019 D-D fusion neutrons were produced by D (d, p) T reactions in plasma, which are expected to produce ∼31 GBq of tritium. The tritium produced is evacuated by a pumping system. A part of tritium is, however, trapped in the graphite tiles. Several sample tiles were removed from the vessel and the retained tritium Distribution in the tiles was measured using a liquid scintillator. The results of poloidal distribution showed that the tritium concentration in the divertor tiles was higher than that in the first wall tiles and it peaked in the tiles between two strike points of divertor magnetic lines. Tritium concentration in the exhaust gas from the vessel have also been measured with an ion chamber during the tritium cleanup operations with hydrogen divertor discharges and He-GDC. Total of recovered tritium during the cleanup operations was ∼ 7% of that generated. The results of these measurements showed that the tritium of 16-23 GBq still remained in the graphite tiles, which corresponded to about 50-70% of the tritium generated in plasma. The vessel is ventilated during the in-vessel maintenance works, then the atmosphere is always kept lower than the legal concentration guide level of 0.7 Bq/cm3 for radiation work permit requirements. (author)

  1. 46 CFR 56.50-15 - Steam and exhaust piping.

    2010-10-01

    ...; see 46 CFR 56.01-2) will not be exceeded, the design pressure of such piping systems may be reduced... pressure from the accepted standards in 46 CFR 56.60-1, Table 56.60-1(b), using the pressure-temperature... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Steam and exhaust piping. 56.50-15 Section...

  2. Have You Been Tested for Colorectal Cancer? PSA (:60)

    2013-11-05

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the November 2013 CDC Vital Signs report. Colorectal cancer screening saves lives, but only if you get tested. If you’re between 50 and 75, talk with your doctor about which test is best for you. If you have inflammatory bowel disease or a family history of colorectal cancer or polyps, ask your doctor if you should start screening before age 50.  Created: 11/5/2013 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 11/5/2013.

  3. Colorectal Cancer - What You Need to Know PSA (:60)

    2011-07-05

    This 60 second Public Service Announcement (PSA) is based on the July, 2011 CDC Vital Signs report. Colorectal cancer kills about 50,000 men and women every year. Screening can save lives! Screening can find abnormal growths so they can be removed before turning into cancer, and can find the cancer early, when it's easiest to treat. If you're over 50, talk to your doctor about getting screened for colorectal cancer.  Created: 7/5/2011 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 7/5/2011.

  4. Better Glycemic Control with Insulin Premix 50/50 TID Compared to Insulin Premix 70/30 BID - Original Article

    Hasan Aydın; Hülya Demir; İbrahim Volkan Şenkal; Fevzi Fırat Yalnız; Ayşe Ayrılmaz

    2010-01-01

    Objective: Since only a small proportion of diabetics achieve optimal glycemic targets, intensification of treatment with insulin is needed in most of the cases. Application of insulin lispro premix 50/50 TID provides better glycemic control compared to human insulin premix 70/30 and comparable results reported with basal-bolus insulin regimen. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of insulin lispro premix 50/50 TID (Group 1, n=60) in comparison with insulin aspart premix 70/30 (...

  5. JT-60 plasma control system

    JT-60 plasma control can be performed by the supervisory controller, the measurement system and actuators such as the poloidal field coil power supplies, gas injectors, neutral beam injection (NBI) heating system and radio frequency (RF) heating system. One of the most important characteristics of this system is a perfect digital control one composed of mini-computers, fast array processors and CAMAC modules, and it has large flexibility and few troubles to adjust the system. This system started to be operated in April 1985, after the six-year-long design, construction and testing, and have been operated and improved many times for two years. In this paper, the final system specification and its performance are presented aiming at the technological aspect of hardware and software. In addition, and experienced troubles are also presented. (author)

  6. ATA50 TELESCOPE: SOFTWARE

    B. B. Gücsav; Y. Kilic; M. N. Shameoni

    2014-01-01

    Buscamos implementar una estructura de observatorio completamente aut ́onomo para el telescopio ATA50. T o d o s l o s c o m p o n e n t e s d e l o b s e r v a t o r i o e s t ́ a n a c t u a l m e n t e c o n t r o l a d o s m a n u a l m e n t e p o r a p l i c a c i o n e s d e M S W i n d o w s . U n s i s t e m a O C S b i e n d i s e ̃ n a d o , c o m o R T S 2 , p u e d e p r o v e e r n o s u n a s o l u c i ́ o n r ́ a p i d a . G N U / L i n u x e s nuestro sistema operativo predil...

  7. Binary molecular layers of C-60 and copper phthalocyanine on Au(111) : Self-organized nanostructuring

    Stöhr, Meike; Wagner, Thorsten; Gabriel, Markus; Weyers, Bastian; Möller, Rolf

    2001-01-01

    The binary molecular system of C-60 and copper phthalocyanine(CuPc) molecules has been investigated by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) at room temperature and at 50 K. As substrate Au(111) was chosen. When C-60 and CuPc molecules are sequentially deposited, it is found that well-ordered domains

  8. Physical Activity and Adults with Disabilities PSA (:60)

    2014-05-06

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the May 2014 CDC Vital Signs report. Adults with disabilities who get no aerobic physical activity are 50 percent more likely to have heart disease, stroke, diabetes, or cancer. Learn what you can do to help.  Created: 5/6/2014 by National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD).   Date Released: 5/6/2014.

  9. CLIPS 6.0 - C LANGUAGE INTEGRATED PRODUCTION SYSTEM, VERSION 6.0 (IBM PC VERSION)

    Donnell, B.

    1994-01-01

    and require an 80386 CPU or better. Users needing an 8086/8088 or 80286 executable must recompile the CLIPS source code themselves. Users who wish to recompile the DOS executable using Borland C++ or MicroSoft C must use a DOS extender program to produce an executable capable of using extended memory. The version of CLIPS 6.0 for IBM PC compatibles requires DOS v3.3 or later and/or Windows 3.1 or later. It is distributed on a set of three 1.4Mb 3.5 inch diskettes. A hard disk is required. The Macintosh version is distributed in compressed form on two 3.5 inch 1.4Mb Macintosh format diskettes, and requires System 6.0.5, or higher, and 1Mb RAM. The version for DEC VAX/VMS is available in VAX BACKUP format on a 1600 BPI 9-track magnetic tape (standard distribution medium) or a TK50 tape cartridge. The UNIX version is distributed in UNIX tar format on a .25 inch streaming magnetic tape cartridge (Sun QIC-24). For the UNIX version, alternate distribution media and formats are available upon request. The CLIPS 6.0 documentation includes a User's Guide and a three volume Reference Manual consisting of Basic and Advanced Programming Guides and an Interfaces Guide. An electronic version of the documentation is provided on the distribution medium for each version: in MicroSoft Word format for the Macintosh and PC versions of CLIPS, and in both PostScript format and MicroSoft Word for Macintosh format for the UNIX and DEC VAX versions of CLIPS. CLIPS was developed in 1986 and Version 6.0 was released in 1993.

  10. CLIPS 6.0 - C LANGUAGE INTEGRATED PRODUCTION SYSTEM, VERSION 6.0 (MACINTOSH VERSION)

    Riley, G.

    1994-01-01

    and require an 80386 CPU or better. Users needing an 8086/8088 or 80286 executable must recompile the CLIPS source code themselves. Users who wish to recompile the DOS executable using Borland C++ or MicroSoft C must use a DOS extender program to produce an executable capable of using extended memory. The version of CLIPS 6.0 for IBM PC compatibles requires DOS v3.3 or later and/or Windows 3.1 or later. It is distributed on a set of three 1.4Mb 3.5 inch diskettes. A hard disk is required. The Macintosh version is distributed in compressed form on two 3.5 inch 1.4Mb Macintosh format diskettes, and requires System 6.0.5, or higher, and 1Mb RAM. The version for DEC VAX/VMS is available in VAX BACKUP format on a 1600 BPI 9-track magnetic tape (standard distribution medium) or a TK50 tape cartridge. The UNIX version is distributed in UNIX tar format on a .25 inch streaming magnetic tape cartridge (Sun QIC-24). For the UNIX version, alternate distribution media and formats are available upon request. The CLIPS 6.0 documentation includes a User's Guide and a three volume Reference Manual consisting of Basic and Advanced Programming Guides and an Interfaces Guide. An electronic version of the documentation is provided on the distribution medium for each version: in MicroSoft Word format for the Macintosh and PC versions of CLIPS, and in both PostScript format and MicroSoft Word for Macintosh format for the UNIX and DEC VAX versions of CLIPS. CLIPS was developed in 1986 and Version 6.0 was released in 1993.

  11. CLIPS 6.0 - C LANGUAGE INTEGRATED PRODUCTION SYSTEM, VERSION 6.0 (UNIX VERSION)

    Donnell, B.

    1994-01-01

    and require an 80386 CPU or better. Users needing an 8086/8088 or 80286 executable must recompile the CLIPS source code themselves. Users who wish to recompile the DOS executable using Borland C++ or MicroSoft C must use a DOS extender program to produce an executable capable of using extended memory. The version of CLIPS 6.0 for IBM PC compatibles requires DOS v3.3 or later and/or Windows 3.1 or later. It is distributed on a set of three 1.4Mb 3.5 inch diskettes. A hard disk is required. The Macintosh version is distributed in compressed form on two 3.5 inch 1.4Mb Macintosh format diskettes, and requires System 6.0.5, or higher, and 1Mb RAM. The version for DEC VAX/VMS is available in VAX BACKUP format on a 1600 BPI 9-track magnetic tape (standard distribution medium) or a TK50 tape cartridge. The UNIX version is distributed in UNIX tar format on a .25 inch streaming magnetic tape cartridge (Sun QIC-24). For the UNIX version, alternate distribution media and formats are available upon request. The CLIPS 6.0 documentation includes a User's Guide and a three volume Reference Manual consisting of Basic and Advanced Programming Guides and an Interfaces Guide. An electronic version of the documentation is provided on the distribution medium for each version: in MicroSoft Word format for the Macintosh and PC versions of CLIPS, and in both PostScript format and MicroSoft Word for Macintosh format for the UNIX and DEC VAX versions of CLIPS. CLIPS was developed in 1986 and Version 6.0 was released in 1993.

  12. Theoretical study of the structures and first hyperpolarizabilities of C60Cl n and Li@C60Cl n (n = 4, 6, 8, 10).

    Song, Yao-Dong; Wang, Liang; Wu, Li-Ming

    2016-06-01

    We recently reported (Song Y-D et al., 2016, J Mol Model 22:50) that doping with Li greatly affects the static first hyperpolarizability of C60Cl2. In this work, with a view to creating nonlinear optical materials with high thermodynamic stability and wide transparent regions, a series of Li@C60Cl n (n = 4, 6, 8, 10) were designed. The structures, electrostatic potentials, electronic structures, absorption spectra, and linear and nonlinear optical properties of C60Cl n and Li@C60Cl n were systematically investigated using density functional theory (DFT) methods. The results of our calculations indicated that the stability of these molecules decreases in the order Li@C60Cl10 > Li@C60Cl8 > Li@C60Cl6 > Li@C60Cl4. It is clear that the number of Cl atoms greatly influences the stability of Li@C60Cl n . Li@C60Cl n showed greater thermodynamic stability than Li@C60Cl2. We also investigated the first hyperpolarizabilities of Li@C60Cl n and found them to be 2973, 3640, 4307, and 2627 au for n = 4, 6, 8, and 10, respectively-higher than that of Li@C60Cl2. Finally, we noted that the transparent region could be modulated by increasing the number of Cl atoms: Li@C60Cl n possess wider transparent regions than that of Li@C60Cl2. We therefore believe that this study has highlighted an effective method for designing nonlinear optical materials with high thermodynamic stability and wide transparent regions. PMID:27188724

  13. ATA50 TELESCOPE: SOFTWARE

    B. B. Gücsav

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Buscamos implementar una estructura de observatorio completamente aut ́onomo para el telescopio ATA50. T o d o s l o s c o m p o n e n t e s d e l o b s e r v a t o r i o e s t ́ a n a c t u a l m e n t e c o n t r o l a d o s m a n u a l m e n t e p o r a p l i c a c i o n e s d e M S W i n d o w s . U n s i s t e m a O C S b i e n d i s e ̃ n a d o , c o m o R T S 2 , p u e d e p r o v e e r n o s u n a s o l u c i ́ o n r ́ a p i d a . G N U / L i n u x e s nuestro sistema operativo predilecto al considerar la filosof ́ıa c ́odigo abierto y el desarrollo de RTS2 (Kubanek et al. 2006. Como era de esperarse, hemos encontrado problemas con drivers ausentes/dolorosos para nuestro equipo. Aceptar estas condiciones ha hecho que codificar los drivers de componentes f ́ısicos constituya un enorme y complejo OCS.

  14. Irkutskgrazhdanproject – 50

    Elena Grigoryeva

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Irkutskgrazhdanproject celebrates its anniversary. It has been working for the good of the city and the region for half a century. Within 50 years it has created dozens of microdistricts in Irkutsk and other towns of the region, millions of square meters of housing, hundreds of cultural, educational, commercial and personal service facilities. And a number of outstanding architectural and town-planning works, which have received professional, public and national recognition.They were created by several generations of highly qualified specialists, architects and engineers. While working simultaneously on a dozen of projects, they taught and brought up young specialists, sharing their knowledge and experience in designing for a changeable climate, high seismicity and a historical city. The Institute became a source of manpower: together with design as its main activity, it also offered internship and advanced training. Now this manpower, graduates from the Institute, work at the best design companies of the city.The authors of this issue are representatives of several generations of the Institute’s staff. Their recollections and personal photo records made it possible to chronologize some episodes from Irkutskgrazhdanproject everyday life and to feel the atmosphere of creativity and intelligence.The history of the Institute is roughly divided into periods. Neither this history nor its description in the issue has strict boundaries. However, the role of certain personalities in this history is so great that one may say that it was they who made Irkutskgrazhdanproject so that we are proud of it, we love it and devote many years and decades of our lives to it.

  15. Resonances production from the NA60 experiment

    De Falco A.

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The NA60 experiment at the CERN SPS has studied light vector meson production in In-In collisions at 158A GeV. The ϕ meson was detected via both the K+K− and the μ+μ− decay channels. The yields and inverse slope parameters of the mT spectra observed in the two channels are compatible within errors, different from the large discrepancies seen in Pb-Pb collisions between the hadronic (NA49 and dimuon (NA50 decay channels. In the invariant mass region 0.2 1 GeV, the excess is found to be prompt, with remarkable differences with respect to the Drell-Yan process. The Teff slope parameter, extracted from the transverse mass spectra, shows a rise with mass up to the ρ, followed by a sudden decline for higher masses. The former is consistent with radial flow of a hadronic source, while the latter suggests a dominantly partonic emission source.

  16. The JT-60 tokamak machine

    JT-60 is a large tokamak experimental device under construction at JAERI with main device parameters of R=3.0m, a=0.95m, Bsub(t)=45kG, and Isub(p)=2.7Ma. Its basic aim is to produce and confine hydrogen plasmas of temperatures in a multi-keV range and of confinement times comparable to a second, and to study its plasma-physics properties as well as engineering problems associated with them. The JT-60 tokamak machine is mainly composed of a vacuum vessel, toroidal field (TF) coils, poloidal field (PF) coils, and support structures. The vacuum vessel is a high toroidal chamber with an egg-shaped crossection, consisting of sectorial rigid rings and parallel bellows made from Inconel 625. It is baked out at a maximum temperature up to 5000C. Several kinds of first walls made from molybdenum are bolt-jointed to the vacuum vessel for its protection. The vacuum vessel is almost completely finished with design and is deeply into manufacturing. The TF system consists of 18 unit coils located around a torus axis at regular intervals. The unit coil composed of two pancakes are wedge-shaped at the section close to a torus axis and encased in a high-manganese non-magnetic steel case. Fabrication of the TF coils will be finished in May 1981. The PF coils are composed of ohmic heating coils, vertical field coils, horizontal field coils, and quadrupole field coils located inside the TF coil bore and outside the vacuum vessel, and magnetic limiter coils placed in the vacuum vessel. Its mechanical and thermal design is almost completed are composed of the upper and lower support structures, support comuns of the vacuum vessel, and central column made from high-manganese non-magnetic steel. The structural analysis was completed including a seismic analysis and the fabrication is now in progress. The first plasma is expected to be produced in October 1984. (orig.)

  17. 50th IMO - 50 Years of International Mathematical Olympiads

    Gronau, Hans-Dietrich; Schleicher, Dierk

    2011-01-01

    In July 2009 Germany hosted the 50th International Mathematical Olympiad (IMO). For the very first time the number of participating countries exceeded 100, with 104 countries from all continents. Celebrating the 50th anniversary of the IMO provides an ideal opportunity to look back over the past five decades and to review its development to become a worldwide event. This book is a report about the 50th IMO as well as the IMO history. A lot of data about all the 50 IMOs are included. We list the most successful contestants, the results of the 50 Olympiads and the 112 countries that have ever ta

  18. 60 years: sleek and stylish

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2013-01-01

    As you are aware, CERN will be celebrating its 60th birthday in 2014. To mark the event, next year will be filled with exciting events... of which there will be a taster in the next issue of the Bulletin.   In the meantime, we are pleased to present the official logo for this important anniversary: created by the Graphic Design Service team, it elegantly combines the curves of the numbers 6 and 0 to mirror the shape of our accelerator chain, and in doing so pays homage to the technological prowess of CERN’s installations. The overlap of the 6 and the 0 also symbolises collaboration between countries, professions and people, which is one of the Organization’s fundamental values. The slightly tilted perspective of the logo suggests the geographical layout of CERN’s facilities as well as the dynamism of a forward-looking Laboratory. There’s an obvious nod to the CERN logo, but the new logo differs in the way it evokes a more festive spirit: formed of a loo...

  19. Co-60 radiation in air

    One of the responsibilities of the Staatliche Materialpruefungsamt NW (materials testing office) is to run an official personal dosimetry service in the Federal Republic. Approximately 80.000 films, 2000 thermoluminescent (TLD) ring dosemeters and 2000 glass dosemeters are evaluated every month as a part of the official monitoring of doses received by individuals. The service also carries out voluntary monitoring of whole body doses with TLD's and evaluates TLD's for the environmental monitoring of nuclear installations and for other area monitoring purposes. In addition TLD's are evaluated in order to check doses received during medical irradiation programmes and as part of tests on working materials. At the site occupied by the testing office, the Dortmund Weights and Measures Department operates its installations for the calibration of dose and dose-rate meters for photon radiation. The available isotope sources comprise Cs-137 up to 3.7.103 Bq and Co-60 up to 1.85·1013 Bq. If high dose rates are required to produce high doses within a short period when simulating suspected accidents, these installations are also used by the dosimetry service. For the purposes of routine calibration and the production of blind samples, which are introduced in the routine evaluation without the knowledge of the assistants to ensure that the evaluation results are accurate, the dosimetry service runs its own irradiation facilities

  20. ICRP 60 and nuclear medicine

    Galli, G. (Rome Univ. Cattolica del S. Cuore (Italy). Ist. di Medicina Nucleare)

    For that which regards the field of nuclear medicine, the new International Commission on Radiation Protection recommendations (ICRP 60) are highly innovative in that the differentiation between 'controlled' and ' monitored' areas is no longer tied to fractions of annual dose limits, but it is instead established locally on the basis of operational experience and judgement. The most notable feature of the new recommendations, however, concerns the new 20 mSv dose limit for exposed workers, the 1 mSv limit for the public (understood as the 5 year annual average), as well as, the modifications to the annual limits on the intake of radionuclides, e.g., inhalation of I 131 passes from 2*10/sup 6/ to 1*10/sup 6/. This paper assesses the impacts of these new limits on the performance of ' in vivo' medical diagnostics and radio-metabolic therapy with unsealed sources. Attention is given to possible negative consequences on the implementation of nuclear medicine due to the current trend towards lower limits, and to the implications of the new recommendations as regards medical support staff and family members of individuals undergoing radiotherapy.

  1. 21 CFR 556.60 - Arsenic.

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 6 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Arsenic. 556.60 Section 556.60 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND... New Animal Drugs § 556.60 Arsenic. Tolerances for total residues of combined arsenic (calculated as...

  2. 40 CFR 791.60 - Review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 31 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Review. 791.60 Section 791.60...) DATA REIMBURSEMENT Review § 791.60 Review. (a) The hearing officer's proposed order shall become the... Agency review or the Administrator of his own initiative decides to review the proposed order. (b)...

  3. 7 CFR 917.60 - Effective time.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Effective time. 917.60 Section 917.60 Agriculture... CALIFORNIA Order Regulating Handling Miscellaneous Provisions § 917.60 Effective time. The provisions of this part and of any amendment thereto, shall become effective at such time as the Secretary may...

  4. 14 CFR 60.11 - FSTD use.

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false FSTD use. 60.11 Section 60.11 Aeronautics... SIMULATION TRAINING DEVICE INITIAL AND CONTINUING QUALIFICATION AND USE § 60.11 FSTD use. No person may use or allow the use of or offer the use of an FSTD for flight crewmember training or evaluation or...

  5. 21 CFR 640.60 - Source Plasma.

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Source Plasma. 640.60 Section 640.60 Food and... ADDITIONAL STANDARDS FOR HUMAN BLOOD AND BLOOD PRODUCTS Source Plasma § 640.60 Source Plasma. The proper name of the product shall be Source Plasma. The product is defined as the fluid portion of human...

  6. 10 CFR 60.15 - Site characterization.

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Site characterization. 60.15 Section 60.15 Energy NUCLEAR... Preapplication Review § 60.15 Site characterization. (a) Prior to submittal of an application for a license to be issued under this part DOE shall conduct a program of site characterization with respect to the site...

  7. 7 CFR 930.60 - Equity holders.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Equity holders. 930.60 Section 930.60 Agriculture... Regulations § 930.60 Equity holders. (a) Inventory reserve ownership. The inventory reserve shall be the sole responsibility of the handlers who place products into the inventory reserve. A handler's equity in the...

  8. 27 CFR 7.60 - Exports.

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Exports. 7.60 Section 7.60... TREASURY LIQUORS LABELING AND ADVERTISING OF MALT BEVERAGES General Provisions § 7.60 Exports. This part shall not apply to malt beverages exported in bond....

  9. 40 CFR 60.758 - Recordkeeping requirements.

    2010-07-01

    ... Waste Landfills § 60.758 Recordkeeping requirements. (a) Except as provided in § 60.752(b)(2)(i)(B... triggered § 60.752(b), the current amount of solid waste in-place, and the year-by-year waste acceptance... accessible documentation of the nature, date of deposition, amount, and location of asbestos-containing...

  10. 40 CFR 60.4155 - Banking.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Banking. 60.4155 Section 60.4155 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF... Generating Units Hg Allowance Tracking System § 60.4155 Banking. (a) Hg allowances may be banked for...

  11. 21 CFR 113.60 - Containers.

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Containers. 113.60 Section 113.60 Food and Drugs... CONSUMPTION THERMALLY PROCESSED LOW-ACID FOODS PACKAGED IN HERMETICALLY SEALED CONTAINERS Control of Components, Food Product Containers, Closures, and In-Process Materials § 113.60 Containers. (a)...

  12. 46 CFR 42.07-60 - Control.

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Control. 42.07-60 Section 42.07-60 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) LOAD LINES DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN VOYAGES BY SEA Control, Enforcement, and Rights of Appeal § 42.07-60 Control. (a) The District Director of Customs or the Coast...

  13. 46 CFR 46.10-60 - Control.

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Control. 46.10-60 Section 46.10-60 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) LOAD LINES SUBDIVISION LOAD LINES FOR PASSENGER VESSELS Administration § 46.10-60 Control. (a) The District Director of Customs or the Coast Guard District Commander...

  14. 49 CFR 570.60 - Steering system.

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Steering system. 570.60 Section 570.60... 10,000 Pounds § 570.60 Steering system. (a) System play. Lash or free play in the steering system... excessive lash or free play in the steering system. Table 2. Steering Wheel Free Play Values Steering...

  15. 21 CFR 606.60 - Equipment.

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Equipment. 606.60 Section 606.60 Food and Drugs... GOOD MANUFACTURING PRACTICE FOR BLOOD AND BLOOD COMPONENTS Equipment § 606.60 Equipment. (a) Equipment... maintenance. The equipment shall be observed, standardized and calibrated on a regularly scheduled basis...

  16. 10 CFR 60.31 - Construction authorization.

    2010-01-01

    ... authorize construction if it determines: (a) Safety. That there is reasonable assurance that the types and... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Construction authorization. 60.31 Section 60.31 Energy... REPOSITORIES Licenses Construction Authorization § 60.31 Construction authorization. Upon review...

  17. 46 CFR 95.60-1 - Application.

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application. 95.60-1 Section 95.60-1 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) CARGO AND MISCELLANEOUS VESSELS FIRE PROTECTION EQUIPMENT Fire Axes § 95.60-1 Application. (a) The provisions of this subpart shall apply to all...

  18. 46 CFR 199.60 - Communications.

    2010-10-01

    ... of 47 CFR part 80. (b) Emergency position indicating radiobeacons (EPIRB) and search and rescue... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Communications. 199.60 Section 199.60 Shipping COAST... SYSTEMS FOR CERTAIN INSPECTED VESSELS Requirements for All Vessels § 199.60 Communications. (a)...

  19. 24 CFR 902.60 - Data collection.

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Data collection. 902.60 Section 902.60 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued... PUBLIC HOUSING ASSESSMENT SYSTEM PHAS Scoring § 902.60 Data collection. (a) Fiscal Year reporting...

  20. 7 CFR 1216.60 - Reports.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reports. 1216.60 Section 1216.60 Agriculture... INFORMATION ORDER Peanut Promotion, Research, and Information Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1216.60 Reports. (a) Each producer and first handler subject to this part shall be required to report to...

  1. 7 CFR 1206.60 - Reports.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reports. 1206.60 Section 1206.60 Agriculture... INFORMATION Mango Promotion, Research, and Information Order Definitions Reports, Books, and Records § 1206.60 Reports. (a) Each first handler will be required to provide to the Board periodically such information...

  2. 42 CFR 60.57 - Reports.

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reports. 60.57 Section 60.57 Public Health PUBLIC... The School § 60.57 Reports. A school must submit reports to the Secretary at the times and in the manner the Secretary may reasonably prescribe. The school must retain a copy of each report for not...

  3. 7 CFR 1209.60 - Reports.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reports. 1209.60 Section 1209.60 Agriculture... CONSUMER INFORMATION ORDER Mushroom Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Reports, Books and Records § 1209.60 Reports. (a) Each producer marketing mushrooms of that person's own production...

  4. 47 CFR 3.60 - Reports.

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reports. 3.60 Section 3.60 Telecommunication... MARITIME AND MARITIME MOBILE-SATELLITE RADIO SERVICES Reporting Requirements § 3.60 Reports. (a) Initial... authority is required to submit to the FCC a report on additions, modifications or deletions to its list...

  5. 7 CFR 1218.60 - Reports.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reports. 1218.60 Section 1218.60 Agriculture... INFORMATION ORDER Blueberry Promotion, Research, and Information Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1218.60 Reports. (a) Each first handler subject to this subpart may be required to provide to the...

  6. 7 CFR 1219.60 - Reports.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reports. 1219.60 Section 1219.60 Agriculture..., AND INFORMATION Hass Avocado Promotion, Research, and Information Order Books, Records, and Reports § 1219.60 Reports. (a) Each first handler of domestic Hass avocados, producer, and importer subject...

  7. 7 CFR 3550.60 - Escrow account.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Escrow account. 3550.60 Section 3550.60 Agriculture... DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Section 502 Origination § 3550.60 Escrow account. RHS may require that customers deposit into an escrow account amounts necessary to ensure that the account...

  8. 40 CFR 60.4156 - Account error.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Account error. 60.4156 Section 60.4156... Generating Units Hg Allowance Tracking System § 60.4156 Account error. The Administrator may, at his or her... account. Within 10 business days of making such correction, the Administrator will notify the...

  9. 40 CFR 60.8 - Performance tests.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Performance tests. 60.8 Section 60.8... PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES General Provisions § 60.8 Performance tests. (a) Except as specified in... conduct performance test(s) and furnish the Administrator a written report of the results of...

  10. 7 CFR 956.60 - Marketing policy.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 956.60 Section 956.60 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... VALLEY OF SOUTHEAST WASHINGTON AND NORTHEAST OREGON Regulation § 956.60 Marketing policy. (a)...

  11. 42 CFR 422.60 - Election process.

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Election process. 422.60 Section 422.60 Public...) MEDICARE PROGRAM MEDICARE ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Eligibility, Election, and Enrollment § 422.60 Election process... initial coverage election periods under § 422.62(a)(1), annual election periods under § 422.62(a)(2),...

  12. Integrated 60GHz RF beamforming in CMOS

    Yu, Yikun; van Roermund, Arthur H M

    2011-01-01

    ""Integrated 60GHz RF Beamforming in CMOS"" describes new concepts and design techniques that can be used for 60GHz phased array systems. First, general trends and challenges in low-cost high data-rate 60GHz wireless system are studied, and the phased array technique is introduced to improve the system performance. Second, the system requirements of phase shifters are analyzed, and different phased array architectures are compared. Third, the design and implementation of 60GHz passive and active phase shifters in a CMOS technology are presented. Fourth, the integration of 60GHz phase shifters

  13. Biological applications of hydrophilic C60 derivatives (hC60s)- a structural perspective.

    Zhu, Xiaolei; Sollogoub, Matthieu; Zhang, Yongmin

    2016-06-10

    Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and radical scavenging are dual properties of hydrophilic C60 derivatives (hC60s). hC60s eliminate radicals in dark, while they produce reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the presence of irradiation and oxygen. Compared to the pristine C60 suspension, the aqueous solution of hC60s is easier to handle in vivo. hC60s are diverse and could be placed into two general categories: covalently modified C60 derivatives and pristine C60 solubilized non-covalently by macromolecules. In order to present in detail, the above categories are broken down into 8 parts: C60(OH)n, C60 with carboxylic acid, C60 with quaternary ammonium salts, C60 with peptide, C60 containing sugar, C60 modified covalently or non-covalently solubilized by cyclodextrins (CDs), pristine C60 delivered by liposomes, functionalized C60-polymer and pristine C60 solubilized by polymer. Each hC60 shows the propensity to be ROS producer or radical scavenger. This preference is dependent on hC60s structures. For example, major application of C60(OH)n is radical scavenger, while pristine C60/γ-CD complex usually serves as ROS producer. In addition, the electron acceptability and innate hydrophobic surface confer hC60s with O2 uptake inhibition, HIV inhibition and membrane permeability. In this review, we summarize the preparation methods and biological applications of hC60s according to the structures. PMID:27049677

  14. 60Co γ-irradiation induced mutation breeding of ginger

    Sprout rhizome and plumelet rhizome of Laiwu ginger were irradiated by 60Co γ-rays at different doses (20, 25, 30 and 35 Gy), and the variations at the VM1, VM2, and VM3 generations were studied. The results showed that the inhibition effect of irradiation on the VM1 generation was found to be increased as the dose increased, and the sprout rhizome was more sensitive to γ-irradiation than the plumelet rhizome. The LD50 and LD60 dose of plumelet rhizomes were 20 and 25 Gy, respectively, and the optimum irradiation dose was 25Gy. The LD50 and LD60 dose of sprout rhizomes were below 20 Gy. Seven types of mutants were found and selected in VM2 generation. The induced mutation characters were unstable in the VM3 generation. Three mutant lines (GDC2531, PZC3026, ZLX2007) selected from VM3 generation showed high yield, and fresh weight of rhizomes increased 33.5%, 27.5% and 24.9%, respectively compared to control. (authors)

  15. Accumulation, Toxicity And Elimination Of 60Co In Some Aquatic Bivalves

    The present study was undertaken to evaluate the importance of some common bivalve oysters namely Caelatura teretiusculua and Caelatura companyoi as new radiobioindicators for 60Co in Egyptian aquatic environment.The uptake and accumulation of 60Co in water were followed for four weeks to evaluate the following:1-Maximum uptake as concentration factor values.2-The rate of survival of bivalves at different activity levels of 60Co to estimate its toxic effect.3-The lethal dose (LD50) of 60Co.4-The effect of ph of 60Co polluted water on survival of biota.5-The competitive effects of Zn+2 and Fe+3 with 60Co on the uptake and accumulation.6-The effect of biota weight on the uptake of 60Co.7-Elimination of the accumulated 60Co by such biota in water and in 10-4M ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA) as chelating agent that enhance the bivalve to release the accumulated radioisotope.The results showed that 60Co was highly taken up by the investigated biota with high concentration factor values and that EDTA enhanced the decontamination of 60Co than water. It could be concluded that the investigated bivalves can be used as good radiobioindicators for pollution of water with 60Co.

  16. Thermal expansion of C60 single crystals under pressure

    The thermal expansion and compressibility of C60 single crystals have been investigated by a newly developed capacitive dilatometer. The dilatometer was integrated in a high pressure cell and exposed to a hydrostatic pressure of maximal 0.85 GPa with He or Ar as pressure transmitting medium. The relative length change of the C60-samples was measured with a resolution of ΔL/L∼10-9. The crystals consist of weakly bonded C60-molecules which can rotate nearly free at room temperature. The gradual freezing-in of the rotational motions leads to a first order phase transition at 260 K and a glass transition at 90 K. The pressure dependence of these transitions was determined in a temperature range from 50 K to 325 K up to a pressure of 0.85 GPa. The phase transition at 260 K shows a positive pressure dependence of 174 K/GPa. The glass transition temperature first increases with 75 K/GPa under pressure, then it jumps discontinuously by 10 K at 0.15 GPa followed by a further increase with a slope of 54 K/GPa. The jump in the glass transition temperature at 0.15 GPa can be explained with an orientation-dependent interaction between the C60-molecules. (orig.)

  17. ELECTRON-CAPTURE SUPERNOVAE AS SOURCES OF 60Fe

    We investigate the nucleosynthesis of the radionuclide 60Fe in electron-capture supernovae (ECSNe). The nucleosynthetic results are based on a self-consistent, two-dimensional simulation of an ECSN as well as models in which the densities are systematically increased by some factors (low-entropy models). 60Fe is found to be appreciably made in neutron-rich ejecta during the nuclear quasi-equilibrium phase with greater amounts being produced in the lower-entropy models. Our results, combining them with the yields of core-collapse supernovae in the literature, suggest that ECSNe account for at least 4%-30% of live 60Fe in the Milky Way. ECSNe co-produce neutron-rich isotopes, 48Ca, 50Ti, 54Cr, some light trans-iron elements, and possibly weak r-process elements including some radionuclides such as 93Zr, 99Tc, and 107Pd, whose association with 60Fe might have been imprinted in primitive meteorites or in the deep ocean crust on the Earth

  18. Superconductivity in alkali-doped C60

    Highlight: • Superconductivity in alkali-doped C60 (A3C60) is well described by an s-wave state produced by phonon mediated pairing. • Moderate coupling of electrons to high-frequency shape-changing intra-molecular vibrational modes produces transition temperatures up to 33 K in single-phase material. • The good understanding of pairing in A3C60 offers a paradigm for the development of new superconducting materials. - Abstract: Superconductivity in alkali-doped C60 (A3C60, A = an alkali atom) is well described by an s-wave state produced by phonon mediated pairing. Moderate coupling of electrons to high-frequency shape-changing intra-molecular vibrational modes produces transition temperatures (Tc) up to 33 K in single-phase material. The good understanding of pairing in A3C60 offers a paradigm for the development of new superconducting materials

  19. Metabolism of 60Co in mollusca

    After mollusca were bred in 60Co-labeled sea water or were given 60Co-labeled feed for certain hours, their tissues including the liver were removed as experimental samples. 60Co metabolism was observed by the Sephadex gel filtration profile. A gel chromatogram of the liver in gastropoda showed a marked peak of 60Co on the high-molecular side. Although the peak was observed on both high- and low-molecular sides in pelecypoda, it was more marked on the high-molecular side than on the low-molecular side. In cephalopoda, the peak pattern was similar to that in the other mollusca, but the proportion of low-molecular components was comparatively large. The gel filtration profile of 60Co in various tissues of cephalopoda revealed the incorporation of 60Co into the high-molecular components in blood, three peaks in the kidneys, and the incorporation of 60Co into the low-molecular components in the branchial heart. The metabolism of 60Co was dependent upon the chemical form of Co in gastropoda, and organic 60Co was specifically observed in the high-molecular components. (Namekawa, K.)

  20. Properties of ferrocene derivative C60 adduct

    Properties of ferrocene derivative C60 adduct were investigated by thermal analyses, x-ray diffraction, 57Fe Moessbauer spectroscopy in order to examine interaction of iron with fullerene. Thermal treatment may be applied to remove organic groups to obtain sample containing C60Fe with C60 arranged in the fcc lattice and iron dispersed between fullerenes. We performed calculations based on the semi-empirical quantum chemistry model P M3 for a few exohedral complexes with Fe at various sites relatively to C60

  1. Chemical synthesis, characterizations and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline Fe50Co50 alloy

    Nanocrystalline Fe50Co50 alloy has been synthesized successfully by chemical reduction route using superhydride as reducing agent and oleic acid and oleylamine as capping agents. Phase purity, crystallite size and lattice parameters of the synthesized NPs are determined by X-ray powder diffraction method. FeCo alloy crystallizes in body centered cubic (bcc) structure having crystallite size equal to 29 nm and lattice parameters equal to 2.8546 Å. The size and shape morphologies of the material were studied by SEM analysis. SEM micrograph study shows the average particle size to be 60 nm and indicates the appearance of agglomerates of the nano-particles consisting of several crystallites. The room temperature magnetic hysteresis studies indicate ferromagnetic behavior of the materials. The values of saturation magnetization and coercivity were 65 emu/g and 460 Oe, respectively. Magnetic properties of the material were interpreted on the basis of fine particle magnetism

  2. C{sub 60} in photodissociation regions

    Castellanos, Pablo; Tielens, Alexander G.G.M. [Leiden Observatory, P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Berné, Olivier [Université de Toulouse, UPS-OMP, IRAP, F-31400 Toulouse (France); Sheffer, Yaron; Wolfire, Mark G., E-mail: pablo@strw.leidenuniv.nl [Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States)

    2014-10-10

    Recent studies have confirmed the presence of buckminsterfullerene (C{sub 60}) in different interstellar and circumstellar environments. However, several aspects regarding C{sub 60} in space are not yet well understood, such as the formation and excitation processes, and the connection between C{sub 60} and other carbonaceous compounds in the interstellar medium, in particular polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In this paper, we study several photodissociation regions (PDRs) where C{sub 60} and PAHs are detected and the local physical conditions are reasonably well constrained to provide observational insights into these questions. C{sub 60} is found to emit in PDRs where the dust is cool (T{sub d} = 20-40 K) and even in PDRs with cool stars. These results exclude the possibility for C{sub 60} to be locked in grains at thermal equilibrium in these environments. We observe that PAH and C{sub 60} emission are spatially uncorrelated and that C{sub 60} is present in PDRs where the physical conditions (in terms of radiation field and hydrogen density) allow for full dehydrogenation of PAHs, with the exception of Ced 201. We also find trends indicative of an increase in C{sub 60} abundance within individual PDRs, but these trends are not universal. These results support models where the dehydrogenation of carbonaceous species is the first step toward C{sub 60} formation. However, this is not the only parameter involved and C{sub 60} formation is likely affected by shocks and PDR age.

  3. Crystallization kinetics of Cu50Zr50 glass

    Metallic glasses in general have very wide range of technological application due to their strength and corrosion resistant behaviour. Zirconium based binary metallic glasses with Copper and Nickel show superconducting behaviour in low temperature region. A number of efforts related to structural relaxation in binary metallic glasses have been reported, very few studies on the crystallization kinetics have been carried out. The amorphous ribbons of Cu50Zr50 alloy were prepared by a single roller melt-spinning technique in an argon atmosphere. The structural change of metallic glass Cu50Zr50 from room temperature to 750 K is investigated by using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) technique. The activation energy of crystallization has been evaluated knowing peak crystallization temperatures at different heating rates. The heat of enthalpy during crystallization is also evaluated by the measurement of the areas below crystallization peaks. (orig.)

  4. Performance Analysis of OFDM 60GHz System and SC-FDE 60GHz System

    Han Xueyan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the performance of 60GHz wireless communication system with SC and OFDM is studied, the models of OFDM 60GHz system and SC 60GHz frequency domain equalization (SC-FDE system are established, and the bit error rate (BER performance of OFDM 60GHz system and SC-FDE 60GHz system in 802.15.3c channels is compared. The simulation results show that SC-FDE 60GHz system has a slight advantage over OFDM system in line-of-sight (LOS channels, while OFDM 60GHz system has a slight advantage over SC-FDE system in non-line-of-sight (NLOS channels. For 60GHz system, OFDM 60GHz system has a slight advantage over SC-FDE system in overcoming multipath fading, but the performance of both is close whether in the LOS or NLOS case.

  5. Strain localization in annealed Cu50Zr50 metallic glass

    Highlights: → Analysis of the atomic structural change of the Cu50Zr50 by the heat treatment. → Confirmation of the change in the mechanical behavior obtained experimentally. → Verification of the validity of the normalized relaxation heat parameter. → Measure the strain localization using computational elastostatic compression. - Abstract: A molecular dynamics simulation technique was used to investigate the atomic structural changes in Cu50Zr50 metallic glass during isothermal annealing, with the aim of clarifying the mechanism responsible for the reduction of the plasticity experimentally observed during uniaxial loading of heat-treated Cu50Zr50. The atomic strain during shear deformation was calculated for the as-cast and annealed samples to evaluate the degree of strain localization, which affects the global plasticity of the alloys. The validity of the normalized relaxation heat parameter used to evaluate the degree of strain localization has been verified during elastostatic compression. The variation of the potential energy in the elastic regime, which was found to be correlated to the degree of strain localization, is proposed as parameter to evaluate by computational simulation the ability of an amorphous alloy to deform plastically.

  6. Allele compensation in tip60+/- mice rescues white adipose tissue function in vivo.

    Yuan Gao

    Full Text Available Adipose tissue is a key regulator of energy homestasis. The amount of adipose tissue is largely determined by adipocyte differentiation (adipogenesis, a process that is regulated by the concerted actions of multiple transcription factors and cofactors. Based on in vitro studies in murine 3T3-L1 preadipocytes and human primary preadipocytes, the transcriptional cofactor and acetyltransferase Tip60 was recently identified as an essential adipogenic factor. We therefore investigated the role of Tip60 on adipocyte differentiation and function, and possible consequences on energy homeostasis, in vivo. Because homozygous inactivation results in early embryonic lethality, Tip60+/- mice were used. Heterozygous inactivation of Tip60 had no effect on body weight, despite slightly higher food intake by Tip60+/- mice. No major effects of heterozygous inactivation of Tip60 were observed on adipose tissue and liver, and Tip60+/- displayed normal glucose tolerance, both on a low fat and a high fat diet. While Tip60 mRNA was reduced to 50% in adipose tissue, the protein levels were unaltered, suggesting compensation by the intact allele. These findings indicate that the in vivo role of Tip60 in adipocyte differentiation and function cannot be properly addressed in Tip60+/- mice, but requires the generation of adipose tissue-specific knock out animals or specific knock-in mice.

  7. 40 CFR 60.635 - Recordkeeping requirements.

    2010-07-01

    ... addition to the requirement of § 60.486(j): Information and data used to demonstrate that a reciprocating compressor is in wet gas service to apply for the exemption in § 60.633(f) shall be recorded in a log that...

  8. 42 CFR 457.60 - Amendments.

    2010-10-01

    ... categories of benefits covered under the State plan. (5) Basic delivery system approach as described in § 457... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Amendments. 457.60 Section 457.60 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED)...

  9. 22 CFR 92.60 - Examination procedures.

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Examination procedures. 92.60 Section 92.60... memory by reference to written records. A witness may be permitted to refresh his memory by referring to... notes, papers or other documents to refresh his memory or for the sake of testifying to matters not...

  10. 40 CFR 82.60 - Purpose.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 17 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purpose. 82.60 Section 82.60 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) PROTECTION OF STRATOSPHERIC OZONE Ban on Nonessential Products Containing Class I Substances and Ban on Nonessential...

  11. 60Co levels in the seawater regions

    In order to assess the contribution from nuclear power facilities to the 60Co levels in seawater regions, it is essential to grasp the background values of 60Co. The following matters are described: 60Co sources and the respective inputs; nuclear test fallout and nuclear power plants; the 60Co levels in overseas countries; the 60Co levels in Japan; the 60Co levels from nuclear power plants in Fukui prefecture. In the seawater regions around Japan, there have been numerous instances of 60Co detection; several pCi/kg of dry earth in sea bottom earth and about 1 pCi/kg of raw material in marine life can be considered as the background levels due to nuclear test fallout and nuclear-powered submarines. In the seawater regions of Fukui prefecture, the 60Co levels appreciably exceeded the above background due to the nuclear power plants, which are insignificant concerning the radiation exposure of the local people. (Mori, K.)

  12. 40 CFR 60.662 - Standards.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 60.662 Section 60.662 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC)...

  13. 40 CFR 60.632 - Standards.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 60.632 Section 60.632 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Equipment Leaks of VOC From...

  14. 40 CFR 60.612 - Standards.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 60.612 Section 60.612 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC)...

  15. 40 CFR 60.702 - Standards.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 60.702 Section 60.702 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound Emissions...

  16. 40 CFR 60.592a - Standards.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 60.592a Section 60.592a Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Equipment Leaks of VOC in...

  17. 21 CFR 21.60 - Policy.

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Policy. 21.60 Section 21.60 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROTECTION OF PRIVACY... exempted from the Privacy Act only to the extent essential to the performance of law enforcement...

  18. Synthesis of [60]Fullerene-Podophyllotoxin Derivative

    GUO,Li-Wei(郭礼伟); GAO,Xiang(高翔); ZHANG,Dan-Wei(张丹维); WU,Shi-Hui(吴世晖); WU,Hou-Ming(吴厚铭)

    2002-01-01

    The [60]fullerene-podophyllotoxin derivative (3) was obtained by the phosphine promeoted[2 + 3]cycloaddition reaction ofpodophyllotoxin buta-2,3-dienoate (2) and [60]fullerene. The structures of starting mateerial (2) and product (3) were confirmed by UV-vis, IR, NMR and MS spectroscopies.

  19. 41 CFR 60-1.5 - Exemptions.

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Exemptions. 60-1.5 Section 60-1.5 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts... society, or if the curriculum of such school, college, university, or other educational institution...

  20. 15 CFR 8c.60 - Communications.

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Communications. 8c.60 Section 8c.60 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce ENFORCEMENT OF NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE... Communications. (a) The agency shall take appropriate steps to ensure effective communication with...

  1. 41 CFR 60-742.3 - Confidentiality.

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Confidentiality. 60-742.3 Section 60-742.3 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts OFFICE OF FEDERAL CONTRACT COMPLIANCE PROGRAMS, EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR 742-PROCEDURES FOR COMPLAINTS/CHARGES...

  2. 40 CFR 60.4162 - Notification.

    2010-07-01

    ... Generating Units Hg Allowance Transfers § 60.4162 Notification. (a) Notification of recordation. Within 5 business days of recordation of a Hg allowance transfer under § 60.4161, the Administrator will notify the Hg authorized account representatives of both the transferor and transferee accounts....

  3. 40 CFR 60.4101 - Purpose.

    2010-07-01

    ... Generating Units Hg Budget Trading Program General Provisions § 60.4101 Purpose. This subpart establishes the... monitoring provisions for the State mercury (Hg) Budget Trading Program, under section 111 of the Clean Air Act (CAA) and § 60.24(h)(6), as a means of reducing national Hg emissions. The owner or operator of...

  4. 15 CFR 60.1 - Public information.

    2010-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE PUBLIC INFORMATION § 60.1 Public information. The rules and procedures regarding public access to the records of the Bureau of the Census are found at 15 CFR part 4. ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Public information. 60.1 Section...

  5. 27 CFR 41.60 - Assessment.

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Assessment. 41.60 Section... PROCESSED TOBACCO Taxes Assessment of Taxes § 41.60 Assessment. Whenever any person required by law to pay... amount is nominal or the result of an evident mathematical error, no such assessment shall be made...

  6. 40 CFR 60.701 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturing Industry (SOCMI) Reactor Processes § 60.701 Definitions. As used in... of part 60, and the following terms shall have the specific meanings given them. Batch operation means any noncontinuous reactor process that is not characterized by steady-state conditions and...

  7. 50 years of personal memories

    2004-01-01

    http://www.cern.ch/cern50/ The official book for CERN's 50th anniversary will be available as from the Open Day on 16 October. This beautiful book of about 250 pages tells of half a century of events and achievements at CERN through the eyes of 62 witnesses. Administrators, physicists and engineers recall both large and small events in the history of the Laboratory. This luxury edition features many magnificent photographs - often not well known - from CERN's valuable photo archive. Infinitely CERN Memories from fifty years of research Until the end of the month, the book will be sold at the special price of 50 CHF instead of 70 CHF.

  8. Better Glycemic Control with Insulin Premix 50/50 TID Compared to Insulin Premix 70/30 BID - Original Article

    Hasan Aydın

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Since only a small proportion of diabetics achieve optimal glycemic targets, intensification of treatment with insulin is needed in most of the cases. Application of insulin lispro premix 50/50 TID provides better glycemic control compared to human insulin premix 70/30 and comparable results reported with basal-bolus insulin regimen. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of insulin lispro premix 50/50 TID (Group 1, n=60 in comparison with insulin aspart premix 70/30 (Group 2, n=62. Materials and Methods: Type 2 diabetic patients, who were started on insulin treatment for the first time, were screened retrospectively. Change in A1C levels, 4-point self-monitored blood glucose measurements and rate of hypoglycemia within a 3-month period were recorded. Results: Basal A1C levels were higher (p=0.002 and the rate of improvement was greater in patients of Group 1 than in Group 2 patients (p=0.0006. There was no difference between the patients in achieving target A1C level and in the rate of hypoglycemia. A greater decrease in postprandial blood glucose level was achieved in patients of Group 1 (p<0.0001. Conclusion: Compared to insulin aspart premix 70/30, insulin lispro premix 50/50 provided better glycemic control without increasing the risk of hypoglycemia. Turk Jem 2010; 14: 60-5

  9. Efecto del tiempo de molienda sobre la estabilidad termica del amorfo Mg50Ni50 producido mediante aleado mecánico

    Guzmán, D.; Ordoñez, S.; Serafini, D.; Rojas, P.; Aguilar, C.; Santander, M.; Navea, L

    2009-01-01

    In order to study the relationship between the milling time used in the production of Mg50Ni50 amorphous alloy and its thermal stability, seven amorphous alloys were produced by milling for 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, 50 and 60 h each sample. The obtained powders were morphological and structurally characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Xray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), respectively. The thermal stability of ...

  10. CARIDIAC TRANSPLANTATION IN PATIENTS OVER 60 YEARS OLD

    2000-01-01

    Objective To reevaluate the age limit for heart transplantation ( HTX) and the long-term outcomes in el derly patients. Methods From Oct. 1984 to Dec. 1996, 161 cases of HTX were performed in Hartford Hospital, with 35 pa tients aged 60~68 years (mean: 63.5±2.7, group A) and 126 under 60 years (mean: 47.6±11.3, group B). The causes of HTX for group A and group B were ischemic : 60% vs 48%, idiopathic: 29% vs 45%, valvular: 6% vs 4 %, congenital: 0 vs 2%, and graft failure : 6 % vs1% . Results The operative mortality (within 30d) were5.7%(2/35) in group A , and1. 6% (2/126) in group B. The overall late death were 13 (37%) in group A, and 50(40% ) in group B. The main causes of dea th were ( group A vs group B) infection: 46 % vs 24 %, rejection: 0 vs 28 % (P<0.05), malignancy: 23 % vs 8 %, multi-or gan system failure:23% vs 2%, cardiac events:8% vs 10%. The 1-,3-,5- ,8- and 10- year survival rate in group A and group B was 74% vs 88%, 67% vs 77%, 60% vs 65%, 49% vs 43%, and 49% vs 34% respectively. The quality of life for both groups was improved remarkably. Conclusion The survival rate for patients over 60 is as good as that of the younger group. HTX could be successfully performed in patients around 65 years old.

  11. 50th Percentile Rent Estimates

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — Rent estimates at the 50th percentile (or median) are calculated for all Fair Market Rent areas. Fair Market Rents (FMRs) are primarily used to determine payment...

  12. Renowned European Laboratory turns 50

    2004-01-01

    A European Laboratory that was the birthplace of the World Wide Web and home of Nobel prize-winning developments in the quest to understand the makeup of matter wished itself a happy 50th birtheday on Tuesday

  13. Synthesis of Fe–C{sub 60} complex by ion irradiation

    Minezaki, Hidekazu, E-mail: dn1000012@toyo.jp [Graduate School of Engineering, Toyo University, 2100 Kujirai, Kawagoe, Saitama 350-8585 (Japan); Oshima, Kosuke [Graduate School of Engineering, Toyo University, 2100 Kujirai, Kawagoe, Saitama 350-8585 (Japan); Uchida, Takashi; Mizuki, Toru [Bio-Nano Electronics Research Centre, Toyo University, 2100 Kujirai, Kawagoe, Saitama 350-8585 (Japan); Racz, Richard [Institute of Nuclear Research (ATOMKI), H-4026, Debrecen, Bem tér 18/C (Hungary); Muramatsu, Masayuki [National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba-shi, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Asaji, Toyohisa [Oshima National College of Maritime Technology, 1091-1 Komatsu Suou Oshima City, Oshima, Yamaguchi 742-2193 (Japan); Kitagawa, Atsushi [National Institute of Radiological Sciences (NIRS), 4-9-1 Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba-shi, Chiba 263-8555 (Japan); Kato, Yushi [Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamada-oka, Suita-shi, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Biri, Sandor [Institute of Nuclear Research (ATOMKI), H-4026, Debrecen, Bem tér 18/C (Hungary); Yoshida, Yoshikazu [Graduate School of Engineering, Toyo University, 2100 Kujirai, Kawagoe, Saitama 350-8585 (Japan); Bio-Nano Electronics Research Centre, Toyo University, 2100 Kujirai, Kawagoe, Saitama 350-8585 (Japan)

    2013-09-01

    Highlights: •The Fe{sup +} beam was irradiated to the C{sub 60} thin films. •The Fe{sup +}-irradiated C{sub 60} thin films were analyzed by LDI-TOF-MS and by HPLC. •The peak with mass/charge of 776 was observed in the Fe{sup +}-irradiated C{sub 60} thin film. •We could synthesize the Fe–C{sub 60} complex as a new material. -- Abstract: In order to synthesize the Fe@C{sub 60} complex, iron ion beam irradiated to C{sub 60} thin films. The energy of the irradiated iron ions was controlled from 50 eV to 250 eV. The dose of that was controlled from 6.67 × 10{sup 12} to 6.67 × 10{sup 14} ions/cm{sup 2}. By the analysis of the surface of the iron ion irradiated C{sub 60} thin films using laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry, we could confirm the peak with mass/charge of 776. The mass/charge of 776 corresponds to Fe + C{sub 60}. We obtained the maximum intensity of the peak with mass/charge of 776 under the irradiation iron ion energy and the dose were 50 eV and 3.30 × 10{sup 13} ions/cm{sup 2}, respectively. Then, the separation of the material with mass of 776 was performed by using high performance liquid chromatography. We could separate the Fe + C{sub 60} from the iron ion irradiated C{sub 60} thin film. As a result, we could synthesize the Fe + C{sub 60} complex as a new material.

  14. STM topographical images of C60

    In this paper STM topographical images of C60 are reported. The images are consistent with a molecule approximately 9 Angstrom in diameter possessing the now-famous soccer ball structure. With the molecule deposited on gold, its atomic structure is not resolved. On graphite the structure of the within the borders of the C60 molecule is dominated by that of the graphite forming a moire-like pattern. Some evidence of atomic structure is seen in multilayers of C60 where some five- and six-membered rings are visible. These may, however, be features of fragments of the fullerene rather than whole molecules

  15. Cobalt-60 production in CANDU power reactors

    The technology for cobalt-60 production in CANDU reactors, designed and developed by MDS Nordion and AECL, has been safely,economically and successfully employed in CANDU reactors with over 195 reactor years of production. Today over forty percent of the world's disposable medical supplies are made safer through sterilization using cobalt-60 sources from MDS Nordion. Over the past 40 years, MDS Nordion with its CANDU reactor owner partners, has safely and reliably shipped more than 500 million curies of cobalt-60 sources to customers around the world

  16. Control of divertor configuration in JT-60

    The control algorithm of JT-60 divertor configuration is presented. JT-60 has five types of poloidal magnetic field coil with each power supply in order to regulate the control objectives mentioned above. However, if one controls each objective by each coil current independently, there must inevitably occur large interaction between control objectives. Because the relation between control objectives and coil currents is complicated. This situation may be the same with a fusion reactor device. For making it possible to control each objective independently without causing large interaction, the authors adopt the noninteracting control algorithm. Hence, this report demonstrates the availability of this method to the control of JT-60 divertor configuration

  17. Seed germination of peanuts irradiated with cobalt ({sup 60}CO); Germinacao de sementes de amendoim irradiadas com cobalto ({sup 60}Co)

    Alves, Niedja Marrize C.; Almeida, Francisco de Assis C.; Gomes, Josivanda P.; Pessoa, Elvira B., E-mail: niedjamarizze@yahoo.com.b, E-mail: josivanda@deag.ufcg.edu.b, E-mail: elvirabe@gmail.co [Universidade Federal de Campina Grande (UFCG), PB (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia Agricola; Leal, Artur S. Cavalcanti, E-mail: arturcleal@yahoo.com.b [Universidade Federal de Campina Grande (UFCG), PB (Brazil). Dept. de Engenharia de Materiais

    2010-07-01

    This work was realized to evaluate the effect of gamma irradiation ({sup 60}Co) at doses 0, 0.50, 1.00, 1.50, 2.00, 2.50, 3.00 and 4.00 kGy, on germination of seeds of peanut, cultivar BR1. Irradiation Department of Nuclear, UFPE, where he received after the irradiation, they were stored in packing of PET and polyethylene braided with a time of 90 days. Through the results, obtained monthly, concluded that the dose of 0.5 kGy was effective in the germination of seeds of peanut, not affecting its power of germination and overcoming the witness within 30 to 60 days. (author)

  18. Atomic Resolution Imaging with a sub-50 pm Electron Probe

    Erni, Rolf P.; Rossell, Marta D.; Kisielowski, Christian; Dahmen, Ulrich

    2009-03-02

    Using a highly coherent focused electron probe in a 5th order aberration-corrected transmission electron microscope, we report on resolving a crystal spacing less than 50 pm. Based on the geometrical source size and residual coherent and incoherent axial lens aberrations, an electron probe is calculated, which is theoretically capable of resolving an ideal 47 pm spacing with 29percent contrast. Our experimental data show the 47 pm spacing of a Ge 114 crystal imaged with 11-18percent contrast at a 60-95percent confidence level, providing the first direct evidence for sub 50-pm resolution in ADF STEM imaging.

  19. ISO detection of a 60 micron source near GRB970508

    Hanlon, L O; Metcalfe, L; McBreen, B; Altieri, B; Castro-Tirado, A J; Claret, A; Costa, E; Delaney, M; Feroci, M; Frontera, F; Galama, T J; Gorosabel, J; Groot, P J; Heise, J; Kessler, M F; Kouveliotou, C; Palazzi, E; Van Paradijs, J; Piro, L; Smith, N

    2000-01-01

    The Infrared Space Observatory observed the field of the $\\gamma$--ray burst GRB 970508 with the CAM and PHT instruments on May 21 and 24, 1997 and with PHT in three filters in November 1997. A source at 60 $\\mu$m (flux in May of $66\\pm 10$ mJy) was detected near the position of the host galaxy of this $\\gamma$--ray burst. The source was detected again in November 1997, at a marginally lower flux ($43\\pm 13$ mJy). A Galactic cirrus origin and a stellar origin for the emission can be ruled out on the basis of the infrared colours. The marginal evidence for variability in the 60 $\\mu$m flux between May and November is not sufficient to warrant interpretation of the source as transient fireball emission. However, the infrared colours are physically reasonable if attributed to conventional dust emission from a single blackbody source. The probability of detecting a 60 $\\mu$m by chance in a PHT beam down to a detection limit of 50 mJy is $\\sim 5\\times 10^{-3}$. If the source is at the redshift of the host galaxy o...

  20. Time-resolved observation of laser-excited C60 decay

    A technique for measuring the time-resolved delayed electrons and C+n ions from C60 excited by nanosecond or picosecond laser irradiation is presented. Ions produced well after the laser pulse (delayed ionization) are mainly C+60 with weak signals from large fragments such as C+58, C+56, C+50, and no low-mass ions are observed. A dominant slow electron (thermal with kT∼0.3 eV) distribution was observed for the excitation of C60 for wavelengths longer than ∼210 nm. These results are discussed in relation to a ''thermionic'' emission model

  1. In vivo effect of sodium orthovanadate on pp60c-src kinase.

    Ryder, J W; J. A. Gordon

    1987-01-01

    We have compared the tyrosine kinase activity of pp60c-src isolated from intact chicken embryo fibroblasts treated with micromolar sodium orthovanadate for 4 h and from untreated cells. We found an approximate 50% reduction in both autophosphorylation of pp60c-src and phosphorylation of casein when examined in the immune complex kinase assay. The reduction of in vitro enzymatic activity correlated with a vanadate-induced increase in in vivo phosphorylation of pp60c-src at the major site of ty...

  2. EFFECTS OF C60 FULLERENE — CISPLATIN COMPLEX ON HONEYBEE Apis mellifera L.

    Kuznietsova H. M.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The toxicity of С60 fullerene, traditional cytostatic cisplatin and С60 fullerene-cisplatin complex on honeybee Apis mellifera L. toxicity estimation test system was assessed. Water-soluble pristine C60 fullerenes were nontoxic for honeybee when consumed with the food in doses equivalent nontoxic and effective ones for mammalian. Cisplatin toxicity for honeybee in the doses exceed the same for mammalian in 2 times was observed as fallows: honeybee 56% death occurred after consumption of 60 mg/kg of bee weight. С60 fullerene-cisplatin complex proved to be more toxic for honeybee in comparison with free cisplatin and caused honeybee 50% lethality after consumption of 40 mg/kg bee weight.

  3. 40 CFR 60.481 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... addition to the definition in 40 CFR 60.2, an expenditure for a physical or operational change to an... piston rod travels, separating the compressor cylinder from the crankcase. Double block and bleed...

  4. 40 CFR 60.481a - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... definition in 40 CFR 60.2, an expenditure for a physical or operational change to an existing facility that... system, or flare. Distance piece means an open or enclosed casing through which the piston rod...

  5. 40 CFR 60.73 - Emission monitoring.

    2010-07-01

    ...) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Nitric Acid Plants § 60.73...) The owner or operator shall record the daily production rate and hours of operation. (d) (e) For...

  6. 40 CFR 60.706 - Reconstruction.

    2010-07-01

    ... purposes of this subpart “fixed capital cost of the new components,” as used in § 60.15, includes the fixed... PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound Emissions...

  7. 7 CFR 1215.60 - Reports.

    2010-01-01

    ... AND ORDERS; MISCELLANEOUS COMMODITIES), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE POPCORN PROMOTION, RESEARCH, AND CONSUMER INFORMATION Popcorn Promotion, Research, and Consumer Information Order Reports, Books, and Records § 1215.60 Reports. (a) Each processor marketing popcorn directly to consumers, and each...

  8. Põlvamaa ettevõtete TOP 60

    2003-01-01

    Ettevõtete TOP 60. Käibe TOP 40. Kasumi TOP 40. Käibe kasvu TOP 20. Kasumi kasvu TOP 20. Rentaabluse TOP 20. Omakapitali tootlikkuse TOP 20. Põlvamaa firmade üldandmed. Põlvamaa firmade finantsandmed

  9. Brief introduction to 60 MW CARR

    Yang Tonghua; Ye Chuntang [China Inst. of Atomic Energy, Beijing BJ (China)

    1998-10-01

    CARR, a 60 MW reactor will be constructed at China Institute of Atomic Energy (CIAE). The reactor type, its safety features, core lay-out, fuel assemblies, main parameters designed, main applications of are briefly described. (author)

  10. An elevator for cobalt-60 source

    The elevator used for cobalt-60 source is a key device in the irradiation industry. It plays an important role in the safety and control of irradiation operation as well as the utilization rate of radiation source. From 1983 to 1986, Beijing Institute of Nuclear Engineering undertook designing of various size irradiation projects for different uses. Since then a kind of cobalt-60 source elevator suited for the irradiator of wet-source-storage has been chosen. It is reliable in the operation and complete in the function. An automatic control circuit brings the systems of cobalt-60 source elevator into an interlock system which ensures the irradiation operation safety. Besides introducing the structural features and performance of this elevator, the conditions of safety interlocking in raising or lowering the cobalt-60 source is also discussed. The discussion is from the safety viewpoint of operating an irradiator and irradiation technology

  11. 40 CFR 60.591 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... Bitumen) is a black or dark brown solid or semi-solid thermo-plastic material possessing waterproofing and... compressor contains a process fluid that meets the conditions specified in § 60.593(b). In light...

  12. FIR-interferometer for JT-60

    A far infrared interferometric method has been studied for measuring the electron density in large tokamak JT-60 to be completed in JAERI in 1981. A far infrared laser is necessary to optimize the number of fringes and the refraction in JT-60. The maximum detectable density of plasma is limited by the refraction. Far infrared interferometry whereby electron densities are measured in medium tokamaks such as TFR and ALCATOR is first explained. The S/N values of interferometric signals are estimated in JT-60. The major noise sources are fluctuation of the far infrared laser beam, attenuation of the probe beam by refraction, synchrotron radiation and mechanical vibration. The frequency modulation method is effective for improvement of S/N values against noise sources, except the mechanical vibration. A far infrared interferometer used for JT-60 is also described. (auth.)

  13. Photoionization of the fullerene ion C60+

    Polozkov, R. G.; Ivanov, V. K.; Solov'yov, A. V.

    2004-01-01

    Photoionization cross section of the fullerene ion C60+ has been calculated within a single-electron approximation and also by using a consistent many-body theory accounting for many-electron correlations.

  14. 40 CFR 60.592 - Standards.

    2010-07-01

    ... with the Phase III provisions in 40 CFR 63.168, except an owner or operator may elect to follow the provisions in § 60.482-7(f) instead of 40 CFR 63.168 for any valve that is designated as being leakless. (c... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards. 60.592 Section...

  15. A longitudinal study of gender differences in depressive symptoms from age 50 to 80

    Barefoot, J C; Mortensen, Erik Lykke; Helms, M J;

    2001-01-01

    The Obvious Depression Scale was administered to 739 community residents at ages 50, 60, and 80 years, with 151 present at all waves. Although selective attrition influenced the level of depressive symptoms in cross-sectional vs. longitudinal samples, both sets of analyses revealed higher scores in...... women than in men at ages 50 and 60, but not at age 80. Men showed increases in depressive symptoms from age 60 to 80, but women did not (interaction p < .002). This interaction was not present in somatic symptoms, which increased across time in both genders. Potential explanations include differential...

  16. Cobalt-60 production in CANDU power reactors

    MDS Nordion has been supplying cobalt-60 sources to industry for industrial and medical purposes since 1946. These cobalt-60 sources are used in many market and product segments. The major application is in the health care industry where irradiators are used to sterilize single use medical products. These irradiators are designed and built by MDS Nordion and are used by manufacturers of surgical kits, gloves, gowns, drapes and other medical products. The irradiator is a large shielded room with a storage pool for the cobalt-60 sources. The medical products are circulated through the shielded room and exposed to the cobalt-60 sources. This treatment sterilizes the medical products which can then be shipped to hospitals for immediate use. Other applications for this irradiation technology include sanitisation of cosmetics, microbial reduction of pharmaceutical raw materials and food irradiation. The cobalt-60 sources are manufactured by MDS Nordion in their Cobalt Operations Facility in Kanata. More than 75,000 cobalt-60 sources for use in irradiators have been manufactured by MDS Nordion. The cobalt-60 sources are double encapsulated in stainless steel capsules, seal welded and helium leak tested. Each source may contain up to 14,000 curies. These sources are shipped to over 170 industrial irradiators around the world. This paper will focus on the MDS Nordion proprietary technology used to produce the cobalt-60 isotope in CANDU reactors. Almost 55 years ago MDS Nordion and Atomic Energy of Canada developed the process for manufacturing cobalt-60 at the Chalk River Labs, in Ontario, Canada. A cobalt-59 target was introduced into a research reactor where the cobalt-59 atom absorbed one neutron to become cobalt-60. Once the cobalt-60 material was removed from the research reactor it was encapsulated in stainless steel and seal welded using a Tungsten Inert Gas weld. The first cobalt-60 sources manufactured using material from the Chalk River Labs were used in cancer

  17. 50 years forward: beta cells.

    Halban, Philippe A

    2015-08-01

    Our understanding of beta cell development and function has increased substantially these past 50 years but much remains to be learned before this knowledge can be put to clinical use. A comprehensive business plan will be necessary to develop a detailed molecular and functional blueprint of the beta cell in health and disease based on an integrated approach involving all necessary research disciplines. This blueprint will provide a platform for the development of novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of both major forms of diabetes, foremost among them beta cell replacement therapy. This is one of a series of commentaries under the banner '50 years forward', giving personal opinions on future perspectives in diabetes, to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Diabetologia (1965-2015). PMID:25957776

  18. Oil rigging firm to add 50 engineering vessels

    2012-01-01

    China Oilfield Services Ltd., the oil service unit of the State-owned offshore oil and gas producer China NationalOffshore Oil Corporation, plans to add 50 vessels to its ocean engineering fleet, according to Cai Dian, manager of the shipping department at COSL. COSL is China's largest integrated oilfield service provider, operating a fleet of 108 vessels, which accounts for 60 percent of China's total ocean engineering vessel number.

  19. 50 years of personal memories

    2004-01-01

    The official book for CERN's 50th anniversary will be available as from the Open Day on 16 October. This beautiful book of about 250 pages tells of half a century of events and achievements at CERN through the eyes of 62 witnesses. Administrators, physicists and engineers recall both large and small events in the history of the Laboratory. This luxury edition features many magnificent photographs - often not well known - from CERN's valuable photo archive. Infinitely CERN Memories from fifty years of research Until the end of the month, the book will be sold at the special price of 50 CHF instead of 70 CHF.

  20. Report printer (COBOL IRIS 50)

    The research thesis reports a detailed study of the Report Writer of the COBOL language in order to integrate it into the IRIS 50 COBOL compiler. In order to use existing compiler processing, the author developed a simulation of the Report Writer by using Cobol statements generated in the declarative part of the Division procedure. After a brief presentation of the IRIS 50 computer, the author presents the general plan of the compiler with modifications and adjunctions exclusively due to the Report Writer. The next part addresses the practical implementation and the problems met and solved during this implementation

  1. 50 years CERN Courier Celebration

    2009-01-01

    The 50th anniversary of the first publication of the CERN Courier provided the opportunity for a modest celebration on 2 September 2009. All six of the principal editors that the magazine has had over its 50-years history met together for the first time. After getting acquainted and reacquainted over lunch, they gathered in the library at CERN to answer questions about the production of the magazine over the years. From left to right, from the present editor to the first one: Christine Sutton, James Gillies, Gordon Fraser, Brian Southworth, Alec Hester and Roger Anthoine.

  2. The 60th Anniversary of the End of WWII and the Japan-China Relations

    Shinichiro; Shiranishi; Wang; Wei(Translated)

    2005-01-01

    My Chinese friends often talk about the “2000-year friendship and 50-year antagonism ”. I understand that it is referred to the 2000-year history of friendly exchanges with focus on cultures between Japan and China, and to the 50-year Japanese wars of invading China, from the Japan-Qing war in 1894 to the defeat of Japan in 1945. However, many Chinese friends do not like toter WWII.mention the 60 years after WWII.

  3. Jaekaubanduse 2000. a. TOP 50

    2001-01-01

    Jaekaubanduse TOP 50 ettevõtete üldandmed, rentaabluse TOP 40, ROA TOP 40, suurimad kahjumid jaekaubanduse TOP-is, suurima käibelangusega firmad jaekaubanduse TOP-is, kasumikasvu TOP30, kasumi TOP40, käibekasvu TOP40, käibe TOP40, jaekaubandusettevõtete 2000. a. finantsandmed

  4. CLACFA—50 Years’ Glorious History

    2010-01-01

    <正>Throughout a turbulent 50-year period in world developments, the China-Latin America and the Caribbean Friendship Association (CLACFA) shines out as a beacon of hope,having contributed much to the history of the people-to-people diplomacy of New China.It was appropriate, therefore,to choose a moment when Spring was coaxing out the first

  5. 50+ Metrics for Calendar Mining

    Kelemen, Zádor Dániel; Miglász, Dániel

    2016-01-01

    In this report we propose 50+ metrics which can be measured by organizations in order to identify improvements in various areas such as meeting efficiency, capacity planning or leadership skills, just to new a few. The notion of calendar mining is introduced and support is provided for performing the measurement by a reference data model and queries for all metrics defined.

  6. Particle physics laboratory turns 50

    Berdik, Chris

    2004-01-01

    For a half-century, physicists from all over the world have sought out the most fundamental structures of the universe from deep beneath the mountains of Switzerland. On Saturday, the laboratory in which they did their work, CERN, capped off a year of celebrations for its 50th annviersary (½ page)

  7. 50 MeV polarimeter

    A description is given of the construction, operation and calibration of the 50 MeV polarimeter which was used at the ZGS. The dependence of the observed counts on various parameters, including the beam polarization, beam intensity and the solid angle in the two polarimeter arms is also discussed

  8. Cord blood CD4+ T cells respond to self heat shock protein 60 (HSP60.

    Joost A Aalberse

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: To prevent harmful autoimmunity most immune responses to self proteins are controlled by central and peripheral tolerance. T cells specific for a limited set of self-proteins such as human heat shock protein 60 (HSP60 may contribute to peripheral tolerance. It is not known whether HSP60-specific T cells are present at birth and thus may play a role in neonatal tolerance. We studied whether self-HSP60 reactive T cells are present in cord blood, and if so, what phenotype these cells have. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Cord blood mononuclear cells (CBMC of healthy, full term neonates (n = 21, were cultured with HSP60 and Tetanus Toxoid (TT to study antigen specific proliferation, cytokine secretion and up-regulation of surface markers. The functional capacity of HSP60-induced T cells was determined with in vitro suppression assays. Stimulation of CBMC with HSP60 led to CD4(+ T cell proliferation and the production of various cytokines, most notably IL-10, Interferon-gamma, and IL-6. HSP60-induced T cells expressed FOXP3 and suppressed effector T cell responses in vitro. CONCLUSION: Self-reactive HSP60 specific T cells are already present at birth. Upon stimulation with self-HSP60 these cells proliferate, produce cytokines and express FOXP3. These cells function as suppressor cells in vitro and thus they may be involved in the regulation of neonatal immune responses.

  9. Seismic analysis of the JT-60, (1)

    Seismic analysis of JT-60, a tokamak machine under construction in JAERI, was carried out in order to confirm machine integrity in earthquakes in connection with any aseismic design changes. Described are an analysis method newly developed for seismic analysis of JT-60 and the results of eigenvalue analysis of the machine. For analysis, the machine model comprises ''simple models'' of respective components constituting the machine. Each simple model is based on the engineering criterion that it should have as similar dynamic characteristics to those of a ''detailed model'', which is faithful to the real component structure and further as few nodal points as possible. So, analysis of the machine model gives information of not only overall behavior of the machine but also local vibration of each component with few nodal points. The analysis method is thus useful especially for large complex structures such as JT-60. The method was applied to JT-60; the machine model with about 800 nodal points is constructed of simple models of respective components having eigenmodes and frequencies similar to those of the detailed models up to the 10th mode. Eigenvalue analysis of the machine model showed that JT-60 has the 1st natural frequency of 4.5 Hz and distinguished horizontal vibration mode of the vacuum vessel (400 sector); which indicates the necessity of design change of the support structure of the vacuum vessel. (author)

  10. Progress in JT-60 innovative technologies

    This review report provides the synthetic archives of innovative technologies in 20-year facility developments for the large tokamak experimental device JT-60, first founded as the major magnetic fusion device in the Second Basic Program for Fusion Research and Development of Japan. Manufacture of JT-60 was started in 1978, and the first plasma was achieved on April 8, 1985. In 1989-1991, the vacuum vessel and poloidal field coils were entirely reconfigured to improve the plasma performance. The major original mission of the JT-60 project, a breakeven condition for a D-T equivalent plasma, was finally attained in 1996. After this, JT-60, as a leading device for magnetic fusion research in the world, continues to challenge many experimental issues, which has been achieved by collaboration of innovative facility developments and experimental improvements. In addition, at this time to start the ITER construction phase in 2005, this review is expected to contribute the construction and operation activities for the next generation tokamak by providing the basic ideas in facility developments. We classified a tremendous number of development items into the selected sections for this review. Since the authors have been in charge of each development activity of their own, the contents are full of essential stories, points, and keywords in spite of its compact handbook size. We believe this review could provide highly sophisticated, informative ideas matured in JT-60 technological developments. (author)

  11. Sc20C60: a volleyballene

    Wang, Jing; Ma, Hong-Man; Liu, Ying

    2016-06-01

    An exceptionally stable hollow cage containing 20 scandium atoms and 60 carbon atoms has been identified. This Sc20C60 molecular cluster has a Th point group symmetry and a volleyball-like shape that we refer to below as ``Volleyballene''. Electronic structure analysis shows that the formation of delocalized π bonds between Sc atoms and the neighboring pentagonal rings made of carbon atoms is crucial for stabilizing the cage structure. A relatively large HOMO-LUMO gap (~1.4 eV) was found. The results of vibrational frequency analysis and molecular dynamics simulations both demonstrate that this Volleyballene molecule is exceptionally stable.An exceptionally stable hollow cage containing 20 scandium atoms and 60 carbon atoms has been identified. This Sc20C60 molecular cluster has a Th point group symmetry and a volleyball-like shape that we refer to below as ``Volleyballene''. Electronic structure analysis shows that the formation of delocalized π bonds between Sc atoms and the neighboring pentagonal rings made of carbon atoms is crucial for stabilizing the cage structure. A relatively large HOMO-LUMO gap (~1.4 eV) was found. The results of vibrational frequency analysis and molecular dynamics simulations both demonstrate that this Volleyballene molecule is exceptionally stable. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Sc20C60: a Volleyballene_SI. See DOI: 10.1039/c5nr07784b

  12. Sorption of 60 Co on inorganic solids

    The behavior of sorption of the 60 Co in aqueous solution under static conditions to different values of pH of the aqueous solution (1, 3, 5, 7, and 10) on MgO, MnO2, SnO, TiO2, activated carbon and calcinate hydrotalcite was investigated. It was found that the best sorbents of the 60 Co was the MnO2, activated carbon and TiO2 whose sorption was incremented when increasing the pH value of the aqueous solutions, in the one case of the hydrated oxides, the 60 Co interacted with the electrically charged surface of the sorbents that depends on the pH of the solution and of the point of zero charge (zpc) of the sorbent. (Author)

  13. Total quality management of cobalt-60 sources

    Total Quality Management of Cobalt-60 sources by a supplier requires a life cycle approach to source management. This covers various aspects, including design, manufacturing, installation, field inspection, source surveillance and return of cobalt-60 sources at the end of their useful life. The Total Quality Management approach demonstrates a strong industry commitment to the beneficial use of gamma technology for industrial irradiation applications in both developed nations and in those nations who are developing their infrastructure and techniques for the beneficial use of this technology. MDS Nordion continues to demonstrate its support and commitment to the industry by developing and implementing state-of-the-art standards for the safe use of cobalt-60 sources

  14. SSDL Newsletter, No. 60, June 2012

    This year, the IAEA commemorates the 50th anniversary of its Dosimetry Laboratory in Seibersdorf near Vienna which has played an integral role in improving the consistency of dosimetry used in radiation medicine and other applications of ionizing radiation worldwide, in particular ensuring the cancer patients treated with radiation beams receive right doses. Dosimetry Laboratory was set up in 1961 with the aim to design a calorimeter and prepare a dosimetry system suitable for postal dose comparisons for radiotherapy hospitals in order to check whether cancer patients were getting correct doses. At that time there were no dosimetry standards for the beam calibration in radiotherapy and it was a challenge for medical physicists working in hospitals to calibrate their radiotherapy beams. It is worth mentioning that the methodology for Co60 and megavoltage beam dosimetry was under development in a few standards laboratories. Therefore the establishing postal dose inter-hospital comparison by the IAEA was a major step in ensuring accurate calibration of clinical radiation beams. First trial postal dose inter-hospital comparisons were conducted by the IAEA in 1965-1966 involving Fricke dosimeters and thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs). Eventually, the service was established based on TLDs and it has been operated this way until today. In 1969, the first TLD batch was sent to radiotherapy centres within the project entitled Joint IAEA/WHO Dose Inter-comparison Service for Radiotherapy. In the next decade, efforts were made to establish national laboratories for dosimetry and standardization of radiation measurements in hospitals. These lead to the establishment of the IAEA/WHO Network of Secondary Standards Dosimetry Laboratories (SSDLs) in 1976 with the IAEA Dosimetry Laboratory acting as the Central Laboratory of the Network. The Network started with 9 laboratories and this number increased to over 30 almost immediately in the following year. Today, 35 years after its

  15. 78 FR 19721 - Request For Public Comment: 60-Day Proposed Information Collection: Indian Health Service Medical...

    2013-04-02

    ... Privileges 15 1 1.00 (60 mins) 15 Dental Privileges 150 1 0.33 (20 mins) 50 Optometry Privileges 21 1 0.33... Podiatry Privileges 7 1 0.08 (5 mins) 1 Radiology Privileges 8 1 0.33 (20 mins) 3 Pathology Privileges 3...

  16. 40 CFR Appendix A-5 to Part 60 - Test Methods 11 through 15A

    2010-07-01

    ....8 (Performance Tests) and § 60.11 (Compliance With Standards and Maintenance Requirements) of 40 CFR... reading may be obtained from a nearby National Weather Service station, in which case, the station value... flask. Rinse the petri dish with 10 ml of 50 percent HNO3 to ensure a quantitative transfer, and add...

  17. Thermionic Emission and Fragmentation of C60

    We analyze the rate of delayed (thermionic) ionization of photoexcited C60 molecules. The rate has a power-law dependence, indicating the presence of a continuum of rate constants. The value of the exponent provides information about the competition between delayed ionization and unimolecular fragmentation; it is equal to the ratio of the ionization energy and the activation energy for fragmentation. This result provides a novel method to measure the controversial bond dissociation energy of neutral C60. We obtain a value of 11.9±1.9eV. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society

  18. 60% Review technical specifications, Deaf Smith Site

    Gast, R.A.

    1987-08-01

    The enclosed documentation for the 60% Review Technical Specifications, Deaf Smith Site includes: Solicitation Documents which represent the eventual Federal Acquisition Regulations (FARs) and Department of Energy Acquisition Regulations (DEARs) that will comprise a segment of the contractual documents for bidders attention; Contract Clauses that will become integral parts for the Fixed Price Construction Contracts applicable to the Exploratory Shaft Facility; Special Contract Requirements that will become contract provisions requiring specific contractor attention; Technical Specifications which have been completed for 60% submission, and the current list of 241 Contract Drawings that have been separately forwarded for review and comment.

  19. Transport properties of individual C60-molecules

    Géranton, G.; Seiler, C.; Bagrets, A.; Venkataraman, L.; Evers, F.

    2012-01-01

    Electrical and thermal transport properties of C60 molecules are investigated with density-functional-theory based calculations. These calculations suggest that the optimum contact geometry for an electrode terminated with a single-Au atom is through binding to one or two C-atoms of C60 with a tendency to promote the sp2-hybridization into an sp3-type one. Transport in these junctions is primarily through an unoccupied molecular orbital that is partly hybridized with the Au, which results in ...

  20. Statistical fluctuations in hot rotating 60Fe

    In this work cranked Nilsson method is used to obtain the single particle energies. The predicted shape of the nucleus 60Fe is prolate deformed(γ=-120°;δ=0.2), at T›0.5MeV. When the temperature increases the deformation decreases and became spherical at T=1.3MeV. At very low temperatures, i e., T‹ 0.5MeV, the nucleus shows a triaxially deformed shape (γ=- 140°;δ=0.2), which coincides well with the prediction of 60Fe with an axially deformed value of β=0.211 by Moller et al.

  1. Ekspedeerimisettevõtete TOP 50

    2006-01-01

    Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti : Transport i Logistika nr. 11, 29. nov. lk. 32-35. Ekspedeerimisettevõtete TOP. Vt. samas: Käibe TOP 10; Käibekasvu TOP 10; Kasumi TOP 10; Kasumikasvu TOP 10; Rentaabluse TOP 10; ROE TOP 10; Ekspedeerimisettevõtete üld- ja finantsandmed. Ajal. Delovõje Vedomosti : Transport i Logistika toodud ainult Ekspedeerimisettevõtete TOP 50

  2. 46 CFR 95.50-5 - Classification.

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Classification. 95.50-5 Section 95.50-5 Shipping COAST... Details § 95.50-5 Classification. (a) Hand portable fire extinguishers and semiportable fire extinguishing... extinguishing systems are set forth in Table 95.50-5(c). Table 95.50-5(c) Classification Type Size Soda-acid...

  3. 40 CFR 60.14 - Modification.

    2010-07-01

    ... funding from the Department of Energy as permanent clean coal technology demonstration projects (or... facility. (3) An increase in the hours of operation. (4) Use of an alternative fuel or raw material if... § 60.1, the existing facility was designed to accommodate that alternative use. A facility shall...

  4. 40 CFR 60.593a - Exceptions.

    2010-07-01

    ... the procedures in paragraph (b)(2). (c) Any existing reciprocating compressor that becomes an affected... are exempt from the requirements of § 60.592a if an owner or operator demonstrates that a compressor is in hydrogen service. (2) Each compressor is presumed not to be in hydrogen service unless an...

  5. 40 CFR 60.71 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... subpart A of this part. (a) Nitric acid production unit means any facility producing weak nitric acid by either the pressure or atmospheric pressure process. (b) Weak nitric acid means acid which is 30 to 70... PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Nitric Acid Plants § 60.71 Definitions....

  6. 40 CFR 60.616 - Reconstruction.

    2010-07-01

    ....616 Reconstruction. For purposes of this subpart “fixed capital cost of the new components,” as used in § 60.15, includes the fixed capital cost of all depreciable components which are or will be... PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC)...

  7. 40 CFR 60.666 - Reconstruction.

    2010-07-01

    ... Reconstruction. For purposes of this subpart “fixed capital cost of the new components,” as used in § 60.15, includes the fixed capital cost of all depreciable components which are or will be replaced pursuant to all... PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Volatile Organic Compound (VOC)...

  8. Collision studies involving C60 (Buckminsterfullerene) ions

    The discovery of the exceptional stability of C60 (Buckminsterfullerene) and its ions has prompted a large number of experimental and theoretical investigations concerning this soccerball-shaped molecule. After the discovery of a method, by which macroscopic quantities of C60 are available, this molecule has become an obvious candidate for structural and dynamic investigations by atomic-collision experiments. In our experiments, the fragment distributions suggest a mechanism where fragmentation occurs by sequential loss of 'pairs' of carbon atoms. We have continued the C+60 fragmentation studies and also included negative and multiply charged as well as other fullerene ions besides C60. In the case of positive fullerenes, only even-numbered molecules were observed, but for the negative fullerenes, also odd-numbered molecules were recorded on the ∼ 0.5% level relative to the even-numbered components. This finding indicates that the electron structure also plays an important role for the stability of fullerene ions, or perhaps that negative molecules can exist in some isomeric form. The total destruction cross sections for fullerene ions have been measured in several target gases. We are planning to continue with collisional studies of various fullerene ions with special emphasis on a better understanding of the collisionally induced fragmentation for ions in well prepared states, and also endohedral complexes and fusion will be investigated in collision studies. (EG) (8 refs.)

  9. AECL: 60 years of contributing to Canada

    This paper traces the history of the Atomic Energy of Canada Limited. For 60 years AECL has contributed world class science and technology to Canada, while assisting Government on policy issues, enabling business innovation and technology transfer, and generating highly qualified workforce for Canadian industry.

  10. 41 CFR 60-250.21 - Prohibitions.

    2010-07-01

    ...) The Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures, 41 CFR part 60-3, do not apply to 38 U.S.C... the skills, aptitude, or whatever other factor of the applicant or employee that the test purports to... protected veterans, unless the standard, test or other selection criterion, as used by the contractor,...

  11. 41 CFR 60-741.21 - Prohibitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... Selection Procedures, 41 CFR part 60-3, do not apply to the Rehabilitation Act and are similarly... skills, the test results accurately reflect the skills, aptitude, or whatever other factor of the... the standard, test or other selection criterion, as used by the contractor, is shown to be...

  12. Making Health Care Safer PSA (:60)

    2013-03-05

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the March 2013 CDC Vital Signs report, which discusses lethal infections from carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, or CRE, germs and ways health care providers can help stop CRE infections.  Created: 3/5/2013 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 3/5/2013.

  13. 48 CFR 9904.406-60 - Illustrations.

    2010-10-01

    ... accounting period is a change in accounting practices; adjustments of the contract prices may thereafter be... Section 9904.406-60 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST...

  14. 48 CFR 9904.401-60 - Illustrations.

    2010-10-01

    ... of applications of cost accounting practices which are deemed to be consistent. Practices used in... illustrative of application of cost accounting practices which are deemed not to be consistent. Practices used... Section 9904.401-60 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE...

  15. 48 CFR 9905.506-60 - Illustrations.

    2010-10-01

    ... accounting period. The change in its cost accounting period is a change in accounting practices; adjustments... Section 9905.506-60 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST...

  16. 40 CFR 60.751 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... types of solid waste generated by stores, offices, restaurants, warehouses, and other nonmanufacturing... PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills § 60.751... mover equipment. Active landfill means a landfill in which solid waste is being placed or a...

  17. 40 CFR 60.757 - Reporting requirements.

    2010-07-01

    ... showing collection system positioning including all wells, horizontal collectors, surface collectors, or... of wells, horizontal collectors, surface collectors, or other gas extraction devices and the gas... requirements of 40 CFR 258.60. If a closure report has been submitted to the Administrator, no...

  18. 42 CFR 441.60 - Continuing care.

    2010-10-01

    ... Periodic Screening, Diagnosis, and Treatment (EPSDT) of Individuals Under Age 21 § 441.60 Continuing care... enrolled with the provider: (1) With the exception of dental services required under § 441.56, screening...) At the provider's option, provision of dental services required under § 441.56 or direct referral...

  19. 40 CFR 60.471 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... Manufacture § 60.471 Definitions. As used in this subpart, all terms not defined herein shall have the meaning... asphalt. Asphalt processing plant means a plant which blows asphalt for use in the manufacture of asphalt... softening point and penetration rate. Catalyst means a substance which, when added to asphalt flux in...

  20. 40 CFR 60.531 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for New Residential Wood Heaters § 60.531... Act and subpart A of this part. At retail means the sale by a commercial owner of a wood heater to the... emptying ash that is located near the bottom or the side of the appliance, (2) A system that admits...

  1. Screen for Life: Meryl Streep PSA (:60)

    2013-05-16

    In this 60 second PSA, Academy Award®-winning actress Meryl Streep urges viewers to get screened for colorectal cancer.  Created: 5/16/2013 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 5/16/2013.

  2. 40 CFR 60.251 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... (incorporated by reference, see § 60.17). (b) Bag leak detection system means a system that is capable of... bag leaks and other upset conditions. A bag leak detection system includes, but is not limited to, an... limited to, breakers, crushers, screens, and conveyor belts. Equipment located at the mine face is...

  3. Controlled contact to a C-60 molecule

    Neel, N.; Kröger, J.; Limot, L.; Frederiksen, Thomas; Brandbyge, Mads

    2007-01-01

    The tip of a low-temperature scanning tunneling microscope is approached towards a C-60 molecule adsorbed at a pentagon-hexagon bond on Cu(100) to form a tip-molecule contact. The conductance rapidly increases to approximate to 0.25 conductance quanta in the transition region from tunneling to...

  4. 40 CFR 60.101 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... and other deposits. The unit includes the riser, reactor, regenerator, air blowers, spent catalyst or... that are collected and combusted to comply with the wastewater provisions in § 60.692, 40 CFR 61.343 through 61.348, or 40 CFR 63.647, or the marine tank vessel loading provisions in 40 CFR 63.562 or 40...

  5. 40 CFR 60.101a - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... riser, reactor, regenerator, air blowers, spent catalyst or contact material stripper, catalyst or... collected and combusted to comply with the wastewater provisions in § 60.692, 40 CFR 61.343 through 61.348, 40 CFR 63.647, or the marine tank vessel loading provisions in 40 CFR 63.562 or 40 CFR 63.651....

  6. 48 CFR 9904.410-60 - Illustrations.

    2010-10-01

    ... definition of G&A expense; however, they may remain in the G&A expense pool unless they can be allocated to... Section 9904.410-60 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST...

  7. 48 CFR 9904.407-60 - Illustrations.

    2010-10-01

    ... practice so as to comply with the definition of production unit in 9904.407-30(a)(7), he could accumulate... Section 9904.407-60 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST...

  8. 48 CFR 9904.409-60 - Illustrations.

    2010-10-01

    ... determine average asset life. (5) A company does not maintain accounting records on fully depreciated assets... Section 9904.409-60 Federal Acquisition Regulations System COST ACCOUNTING STANDARDS BOARD, OFFICE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT POLICY, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET PROCUREMENT PRACTICES AND COST...

  9. 40 CFR 60.721 - Definitions.

    2010-07-01

    ... coatings. Conductive sensitizer means a coating applied to a plastic substrate to render it conductive for... test (i.e., in a statement submitted with notification of anticipated actual startup pursuant to 40 CFR... Coating of Plastic Parts for Business Machines § 60.721 Definitions. (a) As used in this subpart,...

  10. 40 CFR 60.4104 - Applicability.

    2010-07-01

    ... Generating Units Hg Budget Trading Program General Provisions § 60.4104 Applicability. (a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section: (1) The following units in a State shall be Hg Budget units, and any source that includes one or more such units shall be a Hg Budget source, subject to...

  11. 40 CFR 60.4106 - Standard requirements.

    2010-07-01

    ... Electric Steam Generating Units Hg Budget Trading Program General Provisions § 60.4106 Standard requirements. (a) Permit Requirements. (1) The Hg designated representative of each Hg Budget source required to have a title V operating permit and each Hg Budget unit required to have a title V...

  12. 40 CFR 60.4161 - EPA recordation.

    2010-07-01

    ... Electric Steam Generating Units Hg Allowance Transfers § 60.4161 EPA recordation. (a) Within 5 business days (except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section) of receiving a Hg allowance transfer, the Administrator will record a Hg allowance transfer by moving each Hg allowance from the transferor account to...

  13. Motor Vehicle Crash Injuries PSA (:60)

    2014-10-07

    This 60 second Public Service Announcement is based on the October 2014 CDC Vital Signs report. Motor vehicle crashes are costly and preventable. Learn what can be done to help prevent motor vehicle injuries.  Created: 10/7/2014 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 10/7/2014.

  14. Think Sepsis. Time Matters. PSA (:60)

    2016-08-23

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the August 2016 CDC Vital Signs report. Sepsis is a medical emergency and can happen quickly. Learn the signs of sepsis and how to prevent it.  Created: 8/23/2016 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 8/23/2016.

  15. Alcohol Screening and Counseling PSA (:60)

    2014-01-07

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the January 2014 CDC Vital Signs report. Millions of Americans drink too much, a dangerous behavior that can lead to serious health problems. Alcohol screening and counseling can help.  Created: 1/7/2014 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 1/7/2014.

  16. Preventing Repeat Teen Births PSA (:60)

    2013-04-02

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the April 2013 CDC Vital Signs report, which discusses repeat teen births and ways teens, parents and guardians, health care providers, and communities can help prevent them.  Created: 4/2/2013 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 4/2/2013.

  17. 27 CFR 27.60 - Beer.

    2010-04-01

    ... of all concerned is directed, in this connection, to the provisions of Regulations 7 (27 CFR part 7... regulations (19 CFR parts 11 and 12). Closures for Containers of Distilled Spirits ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Beer. 27.60 Section...

  18. Feasibility of cobalt-60 irradiation of perishable food products

    A commercially available cobalt-60, mechanized carrier-type plant was evaluated, which would be capable of processing 15,000 metric tons annually. The facility would operate for 50 consecutive weeks on a continuous 3-shift basis. This small-scale irradiation plant would require a capital investment of $3 million and could function with an operating cost of 9/kg. Allowing a realistic revenue of 15/kg, a 15% return on investment was projected with a 42% return on owner's equity, represented by 30% of the estimated fixed and working capital. Irradiation plants are sensitive both to volume of throughput and revenue, but with appropriate selection of operating parameters and realistic design, an acceptable return on investment can be attained. Food irradiation is well suited to the situation in developing and tropical countries to enhance the production potential of food producing units by improving consumer health and satisfaction. (author). 14 refs, 3 tabs

  19. Stress analysis of the JT-60 vacuum vessel

    Stress analysis of the JT-60 vacuum vessel is reported in the parameter ranges of rigid ring thickness 40 - 70 mm and bellows thickness 2.0 - 2.5 mm for the structure in detailed design. The needs of stiffening ribs and dash-pots against the electromagnetic forces are discussed and also integrity of the vacuum vessel in plasma disruptions with time constant shorter than 50 msec. Calculations show that the maximum stress intensity produced in the vacuum vessel is below the allowable one even without the stiffening ribs and dash-pots. And, the larger the bellows thickness the higher becomes the safety margin; thickness of the rigid ring little influences the stress intensity. In plasma disruptions with time constant shorter than 1 msec, the stress intensity exceeds the allowable one. (author)

  20. CLIPS 6.0 - C LANGUAGE INTEGRATED PRODUCTION SYSTEM, VERSION 6.0 (DEC VAX VMS VERSION)

    Donnell, B.

    1994-01-01

    and require an 80386 CPU or better. Users needing an 8086/8088 or 80286 executable must recompile the CLIPS source code themselves. Users who wish to recompile the DOS executable using Borland C++ or MicroSoft C must use a DOS extender program to produce an executable capable of using extended memory. The version of CLIPS 6.0 for IBM PC compatibles requires DOS v3.3 or later and/or Windows 3.1 or later. It is distributed on a set of three 1.4Mb 3.5 inch diskettes. A hard disk is required. The Macintosh version is distributed in compressed form on two 3.5 inch 1.4Mb Macintosh format diskettes, and requires System 6.0.5, or higher, and 1Mb RAM. The version for DEC VAX/VMS is available in VAX BACKUP format on a 1600 BPI 9-track magnetic tape (standard distribution medium) or a TK50 tape cartridge. The UNIX version is distributed in UNIX tar format on a .25 inch streaming magnetic tape cartridge (Sun QIC-24). For the UNIX version, alternate distribution media and formats are available upon request. The CLIPS 6.0 documentation includes a User's Guide and a three volume Reference Manual consisting of Basic and Advanced Programming Guides and an Interfaces Guide. An electronic version of the documentation is provided on the distribution medium for each version: in MicroSoft Word format for the Macintosh and PC versions of CLIPS, and in both PostScript format and MicroSoft Word for Macintosh format for the UNIX and DEC VAX versions of CLIPS. CLIPS was developed in 1986 and Version 6.0 was released in 1993.

  1. Charge transfer and formation of conducting C60 monolayers at C60/noble-metal interfaces

    Nouchi, Ryo; Kanno, Ikuo

    2005-05-01

    The resistance of a conducting C60 monolayer formed on a polycrystalline Ag film was found to be 0.7±0.1kΩ by in situ resistance measurements. By another series of in situ resistance measurements, the surface scattering cross sections, whose magnitude represents the relative amount of transferred charge, were evaluated as 100Å2 for C60/Au, and 150Å2 for C60/Cu and C60/Ag systems. However, comparison with previous results obtained for monolayers formed on Au and Cu films showed that the resistances of conducting C60 monolayers do not show a simple dependence on the transferred charge. Atomic force microscopy measurements revealed that the grain size of the underlying noble metals also plays an important role.

  2. Transfer factor of Cs-137 and Co-60 radionuclides from water into gold fish

    A study to estimate transfer factor of Cs-137 and Co-60 radionuclides from water into gold fish has been carried out. The experiment used aquarium as a cultivating media. Gold fish was placed in aquarium filled with 50 liters of water and Cs-137 also Co-60 concentrations of 10 Bq/ml. Sampling was carried out every 5 days for observing time of 90 days. Transfer factor was obtained in 30th day after radionuclide content of gold fish reached maximum. This result was confirmed by additional observation using Cs-137 and Co-60 at concentrations of 15 and 20 Bq/ml. data from the three different concentrations found the transfer factor of 12.86 + 0.54 ml/g for Cs-137 and 3.55 + 0.55 ml/g for Co-60 (author)

  3. Transfer Factor of Cs-137 and Co-60 Radionuclides from Water to Gold Fish

    A study to estimate transfer factor of Cs-137 and Co-60 radionuclides from water to gold fish has been carried out. The experiment used aquarium as a cultivating media. Gold fish was placed into aquarium filled with 50 liters of water and Cs-137 also Co-60 concentrations of 10 Bq/ml. Sampling was carried out every 5 days for observing time of 90 days. Transfer factor was obtained in 30th day after radionuclide content of gold fish reached maximum. This result was confirmed by additional observation using Cs-137 and Co-60 concentrations of 15 and 20 Bq/ml. Data from the three concentrations found the transfer factor of 12.86 ± 0.54 ml/g for Cs-137 and 3.55 ± 0.55 ml/g for Co-60. (author)

  4. [Antigenic response against PPD and antigen 60 in tubercular patients: single antigen versus the combined test].

    Máttar, S; Broquetas, J M; Gea, J; Aran, X; el-Banna, N; Sauleda, J; Torres, J M

    1992-05-01

    We analyze serum samples from 70 patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and 50 healthy individuals. The antigenic activity (IgG) against protein purified antigen (PPD) and antigen 60 (A60) from M. tuberculosis. Thirteen patients were also HIV infected, and three patients had AIDS defined by the presence of disseminated tuberculosis. The test using antigen alone showed a 77% sensitivity and 74% specificity when PPD is used. When A60 was used, both values improved (81% sensitivity, 94% specificity). The use of a combined test (PPD and A60) improves the sensitivity (89%) but reduces the specificity (82%). The HIV infected patients showed similar responses to those of other patients. The combined use of different antigens might be useful for diagnosing tuberculosis. PMID:1390996

  5. [Thalidomide epidemics: 50 years after].

    Sípek, Antonín; Sípek, Antonín; Maňáková, Eva

    2012-01-01

    Thalidomide tragedy and the subsequent epidemics of congenital anomalies is one of the most tragic but also enlightening chapters in the history of modern medicine. Many thousands of children were born with various anomalies - especially with limb deformities - because of the mass usage of thalidomide by pregnant women. The numbers of the spontaneous abortions and fetal deaths will remain unknown forever. In year 2012 we have a sad 50th anniversary of final recognition of thalidomide teratogenous potential. The causes of this tragedy and subsequent actions are summarized in our text.Key words: thalidomide, teratogenesis, congenital anomalies. PMID:23387816

  6. MC-50 AVF cyclotron operation

    The first cyclotron in Korea, MC-59 cyclotron is used for neutron irradiation, radionuclide development, production and material and biomedical research. 50.5MeV and 35MeV proton beam have been extracted with 20-70 .mu.A. A total of beam extraction time are 1095.7 hours. 206.5 hours are used for the developments and 663.8 hours are for radionuclide production and development and 225.4 hours for application researches. The shutdown days are 23days. Fundamental data for failure decrement and efficient beam extraction were composed and maintenance technologies were developed. (author). 8 tabs., 17 figs., 10 refs

  7. MC-50 AVF cyclotron operation

    Chae, Jong Seo; Lee, Dong Hoon; Kim, You Seok; Park, Chan Won; Lee, Yong Min; Hong, Sung Seok; Lee, Min Yong

    1995-12-01

    The first cyclotron in Korea, MC-59 cyclotron is used for neutron irradiation, radionuclide development, production and material and biomedical research. 50.5MeV and 35MeV proton beam have been extracted with 20-70 .mu.A. A total of beam extraction time are 1095.7 hours. 206.5 hours are used for the developments and 663.8 hours are for radionuclide production and development and 225.4 hours for application researches. The shutdown days are 23days. Fundamental data for failure decrement and efficient beam extraction were composed and maintenance technologies were developed. (author). 8 tabs., 17 figs., 10 refs.

  8. Decay pattern of the pygmy dipole resonance in 60Ni

    Scheck, M.; Ponomarev, V. Yu.; Aumann, T.; Beller, J.; Fritzsche, M.; Isaak, J.; Kelley, J. H.; Kwan, E.; Pietralla, N.; Raut, R.; Romig, C.; Rusev, G.; Savran, D.; Sonnabend, K.; Tonchev, A. P.; Tornow, W.; Weller, H. R.; Zweidinger, M.

    2013-05-01

    Spin-1 states in 60Ni were excited with the (γ⃗,γ') reaction, exploiting the High Intensity γ⃗-ray Source at Triangle University Nuclear Laboratory. This facility is capable of providing fully linearly polarized, quasimonochromatic, Compton-backscattered photons in the entrance channel of the reaction. The depopulation of low-lying levels in an energy region far below the incident quasimonochromatic photons allows us to obtain average branching ratios of the excited spin-1 states. Levels within the energy region associated with the PDR showed regular behavior and ≈75% of their decays are direct ground-state decays. The levels in the energy region above the PDR exhibit a statistical decay behavior to a large number of low-lying excited states and have only ≈50-60% branches to the ground state. Within the framework of the quasiparticle phonon model this feature can be explained with the number of quasiparticles contributing to the wave functions of the excited spin-1 states. Quasimonochromatic photon beams provide a new method to test the microscopic nature of 1- levels.

  9. Low energy small house 50 %. Matalaenergiapientalo 50 %; Koetalotutkimus

    Nieminen, J.; Kouhia, I. (Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo (Finland). Building Materials Lab.); Heinonen, I. (Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo (Finland). Lab. of Heating and Ventilation)

    1992-01-01

    The aim of the study was to design and build a small house with 50 % lower heating energy consumption than in typical existing Finnish small houses. Energy saving is based on three technologies: super insulation, airtight construction and ventilation heat recovery. The house was built in 1991, and is being monitored for a two year period that started in November 1991. The first monitoring results show the heating energy consumption of the house to be less than half the measured consumption of typical small houses located in the same area. The indoor air quality was investigated with measurements of total air change rate, air temperature and air humidity and concentrations of mineral wool fibres, dust, radon gas, formaldehyde and CO[sub 2]. The results show the air quality to be good.

  10. Cytotoxic and radiosensitizing effects of nano-C{sub 60} on tumor cells in vitro

    Ni Jin [Second Military Medical University, Department of Radiation Medicine (China); Wu Qiuye [Second Military Medical University, Organic Chemistry Department, School of Pharmacy (China); Li Yuguo [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lab of Nanoscale Biomedicine Shanghai Institute of Applied Physics (China); Guo Zhixin [Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Chemistry (China); Tang Gusheng; Sun Ding; Gao Fu; Cai Jianming [Second Military Medical University, Department of Radiation Medicine (China)], E-mail: caijm@smmu.edu.cn

    2008-04-15

    There is growing evidence in recent years that the pristine fullerene may be endowed with strong pro-oxidant capacity to biological samples. In this investigation we tested the hypothesis that water-soluble fullerene-C{sub 60} (nano-C{sub 60}) may interact with ionizing radiation enhancing its antiproliferative effects. The two tumor cell lines with different radiosensitivity B16 and SMMU-7721 were treated by a combination of pristine fullerene and {sup 60}Co {gamma} irradiation. We measured cell survival rates, apoptotic characteristics, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and alteration of cell diameter with or without {gamma}-irradiation. There was reduced survival with B16 and SMMU-7721 cells exposed to nano-C{sub 60}, with the inhibitory concentrations reducing the viability by 50% to 65 part per billion (ppb) and 150 ppb respectively. For cells exposed to nano-C{sub 60} prior to {gamma}-irradiation, damage to cell membranes and increased numbers of apoptotic cells were detected by morphologic Hoechst-staining analysis and Annexin V/propidium iodide double-staining. In cells exposed to nano-C{sub 60}, there were increased levels of ROS, as measured by fluorescence detection under laser confocal microscopy. Preincubation with non-toxic pristine C{sub 60} before {gamma}-ray caused enlargement of cells with increased diameter. The results show that nano-C{sub 60} inhibits the growth of tumor cells at certain concentrations and increases the effects of {sup 60}Co {gamma}-irradiation, possibly through the elevated production of cellular ROS and the membrane disruption. Data in this study indicates a possible consideration of using C{sub 60} as a candidate of sensitization modifier in tumor radiation biology.

  11. Experimental investigation of cobalt-60 accumulation and elimination in Cyprinus carpio (L.)

    When introduced in cation form, 60Co showed a distinct tendency to form anion or neutral complexes (50% and 20%, respectively); this was favorized by a high biomass content per liter of water. The ionic evolution of the radionuclide did not affect its accumulation level in the fish. Direct contamination predominated (70%) and the concentration factor at equilibrium was 10. Nutritional transfer from Limnaea to carp, after ingestion of 45 contaminated rations in 63 days, resulted in a low radionuclide retention factor (3 x 10-3) that was not subject to bioamplification. Cobalt-60 was primarily eliminated via urine (60%), while the fecal matter contained only 20% of the radioactive isotope ingested in the food. The 60Co content of carp contaminated from the water increased proportionally with the temperature. However, the 60Co concentration did not vary significantly with the thermal factor, and the radionuclide concentration factor ranged from 4 to 6 between 80C and 250C. Decontamination was generally a two-phase process characterized by a short biological half-life (60Co contained in the fish. The high 60Co content of the digestive tract may be explained by fecal excretion of the radioactive isotope (30-40% of the elimination). The kidneys act as radionuclide elimination regulators via the urinary system

  12. Possíveis efeitos adversos dos campos eletromagnéticos (50/60 Hz) em humanos e em animais Potential adverse effects of electromagnetic fields (50/60 Hz) on humans and animals

    Caroline Wanderley Souto Ferreira Anselmo; Francisca Martins Bion; Maria Teresa Jansem de Almeida Catanho; Maria do Carmo Medeiros

    2005-01-01

    Os avanços tecnológicos têm aumentado o número de equipamentos elétricos e eletrônicos, seja nas residências ou mesmo no ambiente de trabalho, fazendo com que a população conviva com grande número de fontes de irradiação eletromagnética, com os mais diversos níveis de potência e freqüência. Por muitos anos, alguns cientistas e engenheiros acreditaram que o campo eletromagnético (CEM) com freqüência extremamente baixa não pudesse causar efeitos e alterações significantes no material biológico....

  13. Cinema e Risorgimento negli anni '50 e '60 : identità nazionale e ruoli di genere / Cinema and the Risorgimento in the 50s and 60s : national identity and gender roles

    Yuri Guaiana

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The essay’s aim is to analyze the public use that the Italian cinema made of history trying to unveil the mechanism of memory and oblivion and the reasons behind them in crucial occasion: the celebrations for the centenary of Italian unity. The focus is obviously on the movies about the Risorgimento. Not only history, but also gender roles are at the basis of the patriotic discourse. Therefore the essay tries also to understand how they were represented in history movies. Four films are taken into account: La pattuglia sperduta (1952, Senso (1954, Viva l’Italia! (1961 and Il Gattopardo (1963.

  14. Cobalt 60 as a marking agent

    Cobalt 60 is a particularly attractive candidate for marking explosives because not only does it have a useful half-life of 5.3 years, but it produces two highly penetrating gamma rays, at 1.173 and 1.332 MeV, in coincidence. The fact that two strong, monoenergetic gamma rays are produced simultaneously makes it possible to detect a much smaller amount of this element in the presence of terrestrial background radiation than is possible for other radioactive elements that produce only one gamma ray. The authors have built a test-bed system comprising six large plastic scintillators and their associated hardware to investigate the performance of this technique. Experiments have shown that reliable detection can be done with a sufficiently small amount of cobalt 60 so as not to raise safety concerns

  15. Transport properties of individual C60-molecules

    Electrical and thermal transport properties of C60 molecules are investigated with density-functional-theory based calculations. These calculations suggest that the optimum contact geometry for an electrode terminated with a single-Au atom is through binding to one or two C-atoms of C60 with a tendency to promote the  sp2-hybridization into an  sp3-type one. Transport in these junctions is primarily through an unoccupied molecular orbital that is partly hybridized with the Au, which results in splitting the degeneracy of the lowest unoccupied molecular orbital triplet. The transmission through these junctions, however, cannot be modeled by a single Lorentzian resonance, as our results show evidence of quantum interference between an occupied and an unoccupied orbital. The interference results in a suppression of conductance around the Fermi energy. Our numerical findings are readily analyzed analytically within a simple two-level model

  16. Diabetic hyperosmolality: retrospective study of 60 cases

    Campos, MV; Bastos, M; T. Martins; Leitão, P.; Lemos, MC; Carvalheiro, M; Ruas, A

    2003-01-01

    AIMS AND METHODS: Our aims were to determine the frequency of diabetic hyperosmolality (DH) in our Department, its causes, therapeutic implications and evolution. A five-years retrospective study was performed in 60 patients regarding age, sex, type and duration of diabetes mellitus (DM), previous antidiabetic therapy, underlying diseases, biochemical data, precipitating factors, therapeutic management and outcome. RESULTS: The hyperosmolar coma was responsible for 90% of the metabolic comas ...

  17. Structure of film compositions C60-Bi

    The structure of film compositions C60-Bi on fluorineflogopite substrates were investigated at the relation of density of fluxes of Bi atoms and C60 moleculas from 0 to 1 over the temperature range 400 - 500 K. The quality model of bismuth segregation in the composite films is studied. In our study fullerite and composite C60-Bi are considered as a model object (for the data on possible practical application of fullerite see, e.g. [1]). The special consideration in the study is given to the investigation of deposition conditions of perfect fullerite films on orienting substrates and to the processes of metal-fulleren composition formation in the absence of a chemical bond among the elements of the starting components. High-resolution electron microscopy (direct resolution of crystallographic planes, microdifraction) and X-ray diffractometry method (0 - 20) of scanning in Cu-Kα1 radiation) were used in the study to examine the structure of pure fullerite and fulleren-bismuth composite. The composite was formed at the thermal evaporation of the components from two Knudsen cells. The density of the flux of Bi atoms varied from 0 to 1 with respect to a cluster C60 flux. The quantity of the substance being evaporated was controlled with a quartz microbalance. The plane (001) of artificial mice - fluorineflogopite (ff) was chosen as substrates. The applying process was performed in the substrate holder temperature range Tn = 400 - 500 K in vacuum approx. 10-3 Pa condensed to be examined with electronic microscope PEM-U; X-ray study of the films approx. 500 nm thick was made with the help of a diffractometer DRON-3M. The microscope resolution was 0.2 nm and this was confirmed by direct resolution of (200) planes of atoms of thin monocrystalline films of gold. In the study we used the substrate holders with either constant temperature or temperature gradient held in the plane

  18. CERN 60 years of science for peace

    Fabienne, Marcastel

    2014-01-01

    What is the Universe made of? Where did it come from, where is it going and why does it behave the way it does? These are some of the questions that CERN set out to address 60 years ago when a small number of pioneering scientists created Europe’s first scientific international organization. Founded in the aftermath of the second world war, CERN is not only a first-class centre for fundamental research but also a pioneering adventure in international collaboration.

  19. Communication Can Save Lives PSA (:60)

    2015-08-04

    This 60 second public service announcement (PSA) is based on the August 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. Antibiotic-resistant germs cause at least 23,000 deaths each year. Learn how public health authorities and health care facilities can work together to save lives.  Created: 8/4/2015 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 8/4/2015.

  20. More Adults Are Walking PSA (:60)

    2012-07-31

    This 60 second PSA is based on the August 2012 CDC Vital Signs report. While more adults are walking, only half get the recommended amount of physical activity. Listen to learn how communities, employers, and individuals may help increase walking.  Created: 7/31/2012 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 8/7/2012.

  1. When Food Bites Back PSA (:60)

    2013-06-04

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the June 2013 CDC Vital Signs report. It discusses food poisoning and specifically, Listeria. If you're 65 or older, have a weakened immune system, or are pregnant, you must be especially careful when selecting, preparing, and storing food.  Created: 6/4/2013 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 6/4/2013.

  2. Preventing Prescription Drug Overdose PSA (:60)

    2014-07-01

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the July 2014 CDC Vital Signs report. Every day, 46 people in the U.S. die from an overdose of prescription opioid painkillers. Learn what can be done to make painkiller prescribing safer and help prevent overdoses.  Created: 7/1/2014 by National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (NCIRD).   Date Released: 7/1/2014.

  3. Stop C. difficile Infections PSA (:60)

    2012-03-06

    This 60 second PSA is based on the March 2012 CDC Vital Signs report. C. difficile is a germ that causes diarrhea linked to 14,000 deaths in the US each year. This podcast helps health care professionals learn how to prevent C. difficile infections.  Created: 3/6/2012 by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).   Date Released: 3/6/2012.

  4. Preventing Pregnancy in Younger Teens PSA (:60)

    2014-04-08

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the April 2014 CDC Vital Signs report. Births to teens are declining, still, more than 305,000 teens ages 15 to 19 gave birth. This program discusses what health care providers, parents, and teens can do to help prevent teen pregnancy.  Created: 4/8/2014 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 4/8/2014.

  5. Safer Food Saves Lives PSA (:60)

    2015-11-03

    This 60 second PSA is based on the November 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. Contaminated food sent to several states can cause multistate outbreaks of foodborne illness and make a lot of people seriously ill. Learn what can be done to prevent and stop outbreaks.  Created: 11/3/2015 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 11/3/2015.

  6. Motor Vehicle Crash Deaths PSA (:60)

    2016-07-06

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the July 2016 CDC Vital Signs report. In the U.S., about 90 people die in motor vehicle crashes each day and thousands more are injured, resulting in hundreds of millions of dollars in direct medical costs each year. Learn what you can do to stay safe.  Created: 7/6/2016 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 7/6/2016.

  7. Comparison of corrosion behaviors of AZ31, AZ91,AM60 and ZK60 magnesium alloys

    CHENG Ying-liang; QIN Ting-wei; WANG Hui-min; ZHANG Zhao

    2009-01-01

    The corrosion behaviours of four kinds of rolled magnesium alloys of AZ31, AZ91, AM60 and ZK60 were studied in 1 mol/L sodium chloride solution. The results of EIS and potentiodynamic polarization show that the corrosion resistance of the four materials is ranked as ZK60>AM60>AZ31>AZ91. The corrosion processes of the four magnesium alloys were also analyzed by SEM and energy dispersive spectroscopy(EDS). The results show that the corrosion patterns of the four alloys are localized corrosion and the galvanic couples formed by the second phase particles and the matrix are the main source of the localized corrosion of magnesium alloys. The corrosion resistance of the different magnesium alloys has direct relationship with the concentration of alloying elements and microstructure of magnesium alloys. The ratio of the β phase in AZ91 is higher than that in AZ31 and the β phase can form micro-galvanic cell with the alloy matrix, as a result, the corrosion resistance of AZ31 will be higher than AZ91. The manganese element in AM60 magnesium alloy can form the second phase particle of AlMnFe, which can reduce the Fe content in magnesium alloy matrix, purifying the microstructure of alloy, as a result, the corrosion resistance of AM60 is improved. However, due to the more noble galvanic couples of AlMnFe and matrix, the microscopic corrosion morphology of AM60 is more localized. The zirconium element in ZK60 magnesium alloy can refine grain, form stable compounds with Fe and Si, and purify the composition of alloy, which results in the good corrosion resistance of ZK60 magnesium alloy.

  8. Applicator for optimum cobalt-60 primary breast treatments

    A breast applicator has been designed to optimize 3 field breast treatments for 60Co. The device has a six half value layer beam splitting block constructed in two sections. The larger permanently mounted section is sufficient for treating 90% of the patients. Slots are available for mounting cerroband blocks, and any of five brass half field wedges. A magnetically attached front and back-pointer assembly readily breaks away in the event of a collision between pointer and patient. With this design the breast applicator with wedges and blocks has in-field surface doses reduced to that of an open field without accessory devices. The 50-90% dose decrement of the radiation penumbra for the half field block is comparable to that for the field edge of a typical 6 MV X ray unit, although the 50-10% decrement is larger. The average out-of-field dose at the surface is 8% and is 5% at the depth of dose maximum. The combination for this applicator of sharp penumbra and low out-of-field dose leads to reduced lung and opposite breast doses. The latter was confirmed with TLD measurements on 10 patients, and yielded an average opposite breast dose of 230 cGy for a 4600 cGy prescription. Thus, half-field blocking devices do not preclude, as has been stated in the literature, acceptable opposite breast doses. In addition, proper design of these devices can significantly improve the radiation characteristics for primary breast treatments

  9. Eddy current analysis in JT-60

    In response to the demands from a mechanical design and a control analysis of plasma position, current and shape, intensive numerical and analytical eddy current studies have been made in JT-60 project. The numerical results of eddy current analysis in JT-60 multi-torus system using the numerical code EDDYMULT which was newly developed in JAERI are presented. Taking into account the mutual coupling between a vacuum vessel, toroidal coils, support plates and a central column, the eigen functions of eddy current defined in the entire multi-torus system were obtained by the method of modal analysis. In order to confirm the validity of our numerical code, the model experiments were carried out and satisfactory agreement between the experimental and the numerical results was obtained. Volt-second loss of ohmic heating circuit due to the eddy current and the transient shape of equilibrium field including the eddy current field during regular start-up of plasma were numerically calculated in JT-60 multi-torus system. The application to the advanced study based on a modern control theory was discussed in particular on controlling a plasma position including the eddy current effect in the actual geometry. (author)

  10. Radioiodination of C60 derivative C60(OH)xOy

    Water-soluble fullerene derivative C60(OH)xOy was radioiodinated with the iodogen method. The labeling yield was determined by radio-TLC. The effects of pH value, reaction time, temperature and amount of the iodogen on the labeling yield were studied. The labeled product was purified by Sephadex G-25 column chromatography and then stability of 125I-C60(OH)xOy was examined. The results showed that the radiochemical purity of 125I-C60(OH)xOy solution with benzylalcohol remained 82.7% after 43 hours. (author)

  11. PENGARUH RADIASI SINAR GAMMA Co-60 TERHADAP STERILITAS DAN PERKEMBANGAN EMBRIO CULEX QUINQUEFASCIATUS

    Riyani Setiyaningsih

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTeknik Serangga Mandul merupakan teknik pengendalian vektor yang ramah lingkungan dan spesifi target. Aplikasi Teknik Serangga Mandul dalam pengendalian Cx quinquefasciatus belum pernah dilakukan di Indonesia, sehingga perlu uji pendahuluan sebelum aplikasi ke alam. Penelitian bertujuanmenentukan dosis optimal iradiasi sinar gamma Co-60 yang dapat mensterilkan dan berpengaruh terhadap perkembangan embrio Culex quinquefasciatus. Pupa jantan diradiasi dengan sinar gamma pada dosis 50 Gy, 50 Gy, 60 Gy, dan 70 Gy. Radiasi di lakukan di BATAN Jakarta. Nyamuk jantan yang muncul dari pupa kemudian di kawinkan dengan betina normal. Hasil perkawinan diamati sterilitas telur dan perkembangan embrio. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sinar gamma Co-60 dosis 40 Gy, 50 Gy, 60 Gy, dan 70 Gy menyebabkan sterilitas telur yang dihasilkan 20,919%, 48,995%, 89,48%, dan 100%.Perlakuan dosis 40 Gy menghasilkan telur steril dengan 29,39% mengandung embrio dan 70,66% tidak mengandung embrio. Perlakuan dosis 50 Gy menghasilkan telur steril dengan 16,71% mengandung embrio dan 86,56% tidak mengandung embrio. Perlakuan dosis 60 Gy 9,35% telur steril mengandungembrio dan 90,64% tidak mengandung embrio. Perlakukan dosis 70 Gy 100 % telur yang dihasilkan steril dan tidak mengandung embrio. Dosis optimal yang dapat mensterilkan dan berpengaruh terhadap perkembangan embrio Culex quinquefasciatus adalah dosis 70 Gy.Kata kunci : Teknik Serangga Mandul, Culex quinquefasciatus dan sterilitasAbstractSterile Insect Tecnique is a vector control techniques that are environmentally safe and specifi targets. SIT application in the control of Cx quinquefasciatus has never been done in Indonesia, so we need a preliminary test before application to the nature. The aim of the study are to determine the optimal dose of gamma Co-60 radiation to sterilize and effect develop of embrio Culex quinquefasciatus. Male pupae radiated with gamma rays at a dose of 50 Gy, 50 Gy, 60 Gy, and 70 Gy

  12. 50 years of JETP Letters

    Pastukhov, V. P.

    2015-04-01

    This paper briefly traces the 50-year history of the journal Pis'ma v Zhurnal Eksperimental'noi i Teoreticheskoi Fiziki (JETP Letters), whose first issue was published on 1 April 1965. The journal is intended for a wide circle of physicists-readers as a fast publication channel for short communications on new results from research of the highest significance and highest priority in all areas of experimental and theoretical physics. Today, the journal celebrates numerous important contributions to the development of physics both in Russia and worldwide. Over a historically short period, JETP Letters developed into a highly authoritative and influential source for physicists engaged in a wide range of fields. Due to the wise and well-timed editorial policy, the journal continues to retain its leadership position, despite the difficulties the entire science periodical literature - and indeed the whole of science - is currently experiencing in Russia.

  13. Engineering feature in the design of JT-60SA

    The construction of the JT-60U modification (JT-60SA) is now being planned by both parties of Japan and EU as a part of the ITER Broader Approach. It means that a new function of the ITER satellite tokamak is clearly defined as a mission on the JT-60SA program, and it has a big impact on the engineering design of machine, plasma heating and current drive devices and power supplies. The magnetic coils and vacuum vessel were designed to ensure flexibility in the plasma shape (aspect ratio A 2.6-3.1). The NbTi superconductor will be adopted to generate the central magnetic field of 2.7 T at R = 3.0 m. A large flux swing capability of about 38 Wb is necessary to sustain an ITER-relevant high density plasma at fGW of about 0.85, 3.5 MA for 100 s, though about half of the plasma current will be driven by non-inductive current drive method. A new CS conductor was designed to generate 10 T maximum so as to sustain such plasma for 100 s. An optimization of neutron and radiation shielding was done on the vacuum vessel and cryostat structures under the neutron yield of about 2x1019/shot produced by the plasma heating systems (NBI and ECRF) of 41 MW, 100 s. The estimated nuclear heating values at the inboard and outboard legs of TF coil conductor using 1D code of THIDA-2 are 0.23 mW/cc and 0.15 mW/cc, respectively. The semi-closed vertical divertor with flatter dome was adopted for flexibility of plasma shaping. The mono-block type CFC divertor armor is being planned to withstand heat load of 10-20 MW/m2. Each of cryo-panels installed under the flatter dome and the outer baffle plate has a strong pumping capability of about 50 m3/s. A new AC power system combined with a power grid and the existing MG set was deigned to satisfy the total energy of 12.9 GJ for the heating systems of 41 MW, 100 s. This paper intends to clarify the latest design option of the JT-60SA. (author)

  14. GM-CSF: modulation of biochemical and cytotoxic effects of tiazofurin in HL-60 cells.

    Fritzer, M; Gharehbaghi, K; Pillwein, K; Chiba, P; Goldenberg, H; Szekeres, T

    1993-07-01

    Cytokines, such as granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) or interleukin-3 (IL-3) recruit quiescent cells into the cell cycle and sensitize these cells towards cell cycle specific chemotherapeutic agents. We examined the in vitro effects of GM-CSF on HL-60 cells and tested its modulatory influence on biochemical and cytotoxic effects seen with tiazofurin, a potent and specific inhibitor of IMP dehydrogenase. Incubation of HL-60 cells with 500 U/ml GM-CSF for 4 d enhanced cell proliferation, which was accompanied by a significant increase in IMP dehydrogenase activity (from 2.22 in control cells to 3.70 nmol/mg/h in cells pretreated with GM-CSF). When HL-60 cells were incubated with 100 microM tiazofurin for 2 h, intracellular GTP decreased to 46% of untreated control cells. In HL-60 cells pretreated with GM-CSF, GTP pools decreased to 38% of control after incubation with tiazofurin which is 69% of the predicted value for additive effect. The MTT chemosensitivity assay yielded significantly decreased IC50 values for tiazofurin in HL-60 cells, preincubated with GM-CSF (IC50 decreased from 13 microM to 10 microM). Therefore our results suggest that combination therapy with GM-CSF and tiazofurin may be beneficial for the treatment of refractory leukaemia patients. PMID:8105873

  15. 50 CFR 36.39 - Public use.

    2010-10-01

    ... size restrictions listed in (i) above, subsistence use of off-road vehicles, as authorized by 50 CFR 36... other parts of 50 CFR part 36, those sections of 50 CFR subchapter C not supplemented by part 36, and... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Public use. 36.39 Section 36.39...

  16. 50 CFR 13.11 - Application procedures.

    2010-10-01

    ... Eagle Take—Exempted under ESA 50 CFR 22 Endangered Species Act/CITES/Lacey Act ESA Recovery 50 CFR 17... species, and interstate commerce of non-native endangered or threatened species (50 CFR 17); marine mammal... the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) (50......

  17. 46 CFR 76.50-5 - Classification.

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Classification. 76.50-5 Section 76.50-5 Shipping COAST... Classification. (a) Hand portable fire extinguishers and semiportable fire extinguishing systems shall be... extinguishing systems are set forth in table 76.50-5(c). Table 76.50-5(c) Classification Type Size Soda acid...

  18. Power line harmonic radiation observed by the DEMETER spacecraft at 50/60Hz and low harmonics

    Němec, F.; Parrot, M.; Santolík, Ondřej

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 120, č. 10 (2015), s. 8954-8967. ISSN 2169-9380 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA14-31899S; GA MŠk LH12231 Institutional support: RVO:68378289 Keywords : PLHR * power line harmonic radiation * DEMETER Subject RIV: BL - Plasma and Gas Discharge Physics Impact factor: 3.440, year: 2013 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2015JA021682/full

  19. The cumulative effect of smoking at age 50, 60, and 70 on functional ability at age 75

    Støvring, Nina; Avlund, Kirsten; Schultz-Larsen, Kirsten;

    2004-01-01

    logistic regression analyses with cumulative smoking as determinant and physical activity, sex, basic school education, and household composition as possible confounders. RESULTS: There is an adverse relation between smoking and functional ability regardless of the time of examination or the ways of...

  20. EXTEND OPERATION PROBLEMS AND RECONSTRUCTION OF LARGEPANEL FIVE-STOREY BUILDINGS OF 50-60-IES XX CENTURY

    V. I. Bolshakov; EYVSEYEVA G. P.; Razumova, O. V.

    2016-01-01

    Raising of the problem. In many regions is utilised housing, that age is more than half a century. According to the research materials of the analytical center of Ukrainian Cities Association there are 25,5 thousand houses built by first mass series project of large, block and brick buildings with a total area of 72 million M2 today in the state, rather those, that require reconstruction and modernization. In general, most of the housing stock of Ukraine is in a poor technical con...

  1. Hvorfor innførte ikke Norge vannfluoridering? : En studie av debatten i 50- og 60-årene.

    2010-01-01

    På et eller annet tidspunkt ble det vekket en nysgjerrighet i meg etter å finne ut om fluor kunne ha andre virkninger på kroppen enn det som som helt siden min barndom har fremstått som en selvfølge, at fluor hindrer hull i tennene. Denne nysgjerrigheten førte meg til fluordebatten som pågikk i Norge fra ca. 1950-80. Det fremstod plutselig som interessant å finne ut av hva som var innholdet og argumentene i denne debatten. Jeg har selv vokst opp med fluortabletter og fluortannkrem, og har...

  2. Photoionization of bonding and antibonding-type atom-fullerene hybrid states in Cd@C$_{60}$ vs Zn@C$_{60}$60

    Javani, Mohammad H; Madjet, Mohamed E; Manson, Steven T; Chakraborty, Himadri S

    2014-01-01

    Powerful hybridization of the Cd 4$d$ state with the $d$-angular momentum state of C$_{60}$ $\\pi$ symmetry is found in the local density approximation (LDA) structure of Cd@C$_{60}$ ground state. The photoionization of the resulting symmetric and antisymmetric levels are computed using the time dependent LDA method to include electron correlations. Cross sections exhibit effects of the C$_{60}$ plasmonic motion coherently coupled to the diffraction-type cavity oscillations induced by local emissions from C$_{60}$. The Cd@C$_{60}$ results exhibit a substantial difference from our previous results for Zn@C$_{60}$.

  3. Physicochemical properties and skin permeation of Span 60/Tween 60 niosomes of ellagic acid.

    Junyaprasert, Varaporn Buraphacheep; Singhsa, Pratyawadee; Suksiriworapong, Jiraphong; Chantasart, Doungdaw

    2012-02-28

    Ellagic acid (EA) is a potent antioxidant phytochemical substance which has limitation to use due to its poor biopharmaceutical properties, low solubility and low permeability. The aim of the present study was to develop niosomal formulations obtained from the mixture of Span 60 and Tween 60 that could encapsulate EA for dermal delivery. The EA-loaded niosomes were prepared with 1:0, 2:1, 1:1, 0:1 Span 60 and Tween 60, using polyethylene glycol 400 (PEG 400), propylene glycol (PG) or methanol (MeOH) as a solubilizer. The influence of formulations on vesicle size, entrapment efficiency and stability of EA-loaded niosomes was investigated. It was found that all ratios of surfactants could produce EA-loaded niosomes when using 15% (v/v) PG, 15% (v/v) PEG 400 or 20% (v/v) MeOH. The niosomes were spherical multilamellar vesicles showing the localization of EA in the vesicles. The vesicle sizes of the niosomes after extrusion were 124-752 nm with PI less than 0.4. The percentages of entrapment efficiency (% E.E.) of all EA-loaded niosomes varied between 1.35% and 26.75% while PEG 400 niosomes gave the highest % E.E. The most stable and highest entrapped formulation was 2:1 Span 60 and Tween 60 niosomes. Additionally, the in vitro skin permeation revealed that penetration of EA from the niosomes depended on vesicle size, the amount of EA entrapped and the added solubilizers which could act as a permeation enhancer. From skin distribution study, the EA-loaded niosomes showed more efficiency in the delivery of EA through human epidermis and dermis than EA solution. The results indicated that the Span 60 and Tween 60 niosomes may be a potential carrier for dermal delivery of EA. PMID:22155414

  4. The cryogenic silicon Beam Tracker of NA60 for heavy ion and proton beams

    Rosinsky, P; Casagrande, L; Devaux, A; Granata, V; Guettet, N; Hess, M; Heuser, J M; Jarron, Pierre; Li, Z; Lourenço, C; Manso, F; Niinikoski, T O; Palmieri, V G; Radermacher, E

    2003-01-01

    The cryogenic silicon Beam Tracker of NA60 is the first detector based on the Lazarus effect used in a high-energy physics experiment. It employs single-sided silicon strip sensors of 50mum pitch operated at a temperature of 130K. Two tracking stations determine the transverse coordinates of the interaction point at the target with 20mum resolution, to improve the determination of the offset of secondary vertices. This impact parameter measurement allows NA60 to distinguish between prompt dimuons and muon pairs from D-meson decays. The detector concept and technical feasibility have been demonstrated in beam time periods between 1999 and 2002.

  5. Electrochemical corrosion behavior of X52 and X60 steels in carbon dioxide containing saltwater solution

    Rihan Omar Rihan

    2013-01-01

    X52 and X60 high strength low alloy (HSLA) steels are widely used in the construction of petroleum pipelines. This paper discusses the corrosion resistance of X52 and X60 steels in CO2 containing saltwater at pH 4.4 and 50 ºC. A circulating flow loop system inside an autoclave was used for conducting the experimental work. The rotating impeller speed was 2000 rpm. The corrosion rate was monitored using in situ electrochemical methods such as potentiodynamic sweep, linear polarization resistan...

  6. Development of irradiator {sup 60}Co sources

    Mosca, Rodrigo C.; Moura, Eduardo S.; Zeituni, Carlos A.; Mathor, Monica B., E-mail: rcmosca@usp.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    According to a recent report by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) / WHO (2008-2010), the global impact of cancer more than doubled in 30 years. In this report, it was estimated that occurred about 12 million new cancer cases and 7 million deaths. In Brazil in 2010, with estimates for the year 2011, point to the occurrence of 489,270 new cases of cancer. Among the possibilities for cancer treatment, radiotherapy is one of the most important therapeutic and resources used to combat it. However, inherent complications of treatment can occur such as tiredness, loss of appetite, radiodermatitis and in more extreme cases late radionecrosis. In order to reproduce a point of radionecrosis in the vicinity of radiodermatitis to mimic these effects in animals, producing a model for assessment of tissue repair, we propose the setting up of an irradiator source of collimated {sup 60}Co. The development of was based on 11 sources of {sup 60}Co with 1 mm thickness that were inserted by inference in stainless steel 'gate-source' screw (patent pending) and later adjusted in a cross-shaped arrangement reinforced so that the beam radiation is directed to a target point, saving for other regions around this target point. The main use of this irradiator with sources of {sup 60}Co is just one cause radionecrosis point (target point) of approximately 5 mm{sup 2} with a surrounding and adjacent area of radiodermatitis around about 8 to 10 mm{sup 2} in laboratory animals for subsequent coating with epidermal-dermal matrix populated by a cell culture of human fibroblasts, keratinocytes and mesenchymal stem cells. With that said, its use will be valuable for evaluation of curative treatments against the bone and radionecrosis or palliative treatment rather than as it is currently assumed. (author)

  7. Development of irradiator 60Co sources

    According to a recent report by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) / WHO (2008-2010), the global impact of cancer more than doubled in 30 years. In this report, it was estimated that occurred about 12 million new cancer cases and 7 million deaths. In Brazil in 2010, with estimates for the year 2011, point to the occurrence of 489,270 new cases of cancer. Among the possibilities for cancer treatment, radiotherapy is one of the most important therapeutic and resources used to combat it. However, inherent complications of treatment can occur such as tiredness, loss of appetite, radiodermatitis and in more extreme cases late radionecrosis. In order to reproduce a point of radionecrosis in the vicinity of radiodermatitis to mimic these effects in animals, producing a model for assessment of tissue repair, we propose the setting up of an irradiator source of collimated 60Co. The development of was based on 11 sources of 60Co with 1 mm thickness that were inserted by inference in stainless steel 'gate-source' screw (patent pending) and later adjusted in a cross-shaped arrangement reinforced so that the beam radiation is directed to a target point, saving for other regions around this target point. The main use of this irradiator with sources of 60Co is just one cause radionecrosis point (target point) of approximately 5 mm2 with a surrounding and adjacent area of radiodermatitis around about 8 to 10 mm2 in laboratory animals for subsequent coating with epidermal-dermal matrix populated by a cell culture of human fibroblasts, keratinocytes and mesenchymal stem cells. With that said, its use will be valuable for evaluation of curative treatments against the bone and radionecrosis or palliative treatment rather than as it is currently assumed. (author)

  8. Increased levels of IgG antibodies against human HSP60 in patients with spondyloarthritis.

    Astrid Hjelholt

    Full Text Available Spondyloarthritis (SpA comprises a heterogeneous group of inflammatory diseases, with strong association to human leukocyte antigen (HLA-B27. A triggering bacterial infection has been considered as the cause of SpA, and bacterial heat shock protein (HSP seems to be a strong T cell antigen. Since bacterial and human HSP60, also named HSPD1, are highly homologous, cross-reactivity has been suggested in disease initiation. In this study, levels of antibodies against bacterial and human HSP60 were analysed in SpA patients and healthy controls, and the association between such antibodies and disease severity in relation to HLA-B27 was evaluated.Serum samples from 82 patients and 50 controls were analysed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA for immunoglobulin (IgG1, IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4 antibodies against human HSP60 and HSP60 from Chlamydia trachomatis, Salmonella enteritidis and Campylobacter jejuni. Disease severity was assessed by the clinical scorings Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI, Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI and Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index (BASMI. Levels of IgG1 and IgG3 antibodies against human HSP60, but not antibodies against bacterial HSP60, were elevated in the SpA group compared with the control group. Association between IgG3 antibodies against human HSP60 and BASMI was shown in HLA-B27⁺ patients. Only weak correlation between antibodies against bacterial and human HSP60 was seen, and there was no indication of cross-reaction. These results suggest that antibodies against human HSP60 is associated with SpA, however, the theory that antibodies against human HSP60 is a specific part of the aetiology, through cross-reaction to bacterial HSP60, cannot be supported by results from this study. We suggest that the association between elevated levels of antibodies against human HSP60 and disease may reflect a general activation of the immune system and an increased

  9. Concrete waste reduction of 50%

    During decommissioning quite a volume of concrete waste is produced. The degree of activation of the waste can range from clearly activated material to slightly activated or contaminated concrete. The degree of activation influences the applicable waste management processes that can be applied. The subsequent waste management processes can be identified for concrete waste are; disposal, segregation, re-use, conditional release and release. With each of these steps, the footprint of radioactive decommissioning waste is reduced. Future developments for concrete waste reduction can be achieved by applying smart materials in new build facilities (i.e. fast decaying materials). NRG (Nuclear Research and consultancy Group) has investigated distinctive waste management processes to reduce the foot-print of concrete waste streams resulting from decommissioning. We have investigated which processes can be applied in the Netherlands, both under current legislation and with small changes in legislation. We have also investigated the separation process in more detail. Pilot tests with a newly patented process have been started in 2015. We expect that our separation methods will reduce the footprint reduction of concrete waste by approximately 50% due to release or re-use in the nuclear sector or in the conventional industry. (authors)

  10. Fullerene C60 in Aqueous Medium

    Kocábová, Jana; Gál, Miroslav; Hromadová, Magdaléna; Kavan, Ladislav; Pospíšil, Lubomír; Sokolová, Romana

    Ústí nad Labem: BEST servis, 2010 - (Navrátil, T.; Barek, J.), s. 15-18 ISBN 978-80-254-6710-7. [Modern Electroanalytical Methods /30./. Jetřichovice (CZ), 24.05.2010-28.05.2010] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA203/09/0705; GA ČR GA203/08/1157; GA ČR GP203/09/P502; GA MŠk LC510; GA MŠk OC 140 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z40400503 Keywords : fullerene C60 * aqueous solution * electron transfer Subject RIV: CG - Electrochemistry

  11. 60wrd/min art critic

    Waxman, Lori

    2015-01-01

    Tiré du site Internet de Onestar Press: "The following was announced on the windows of a small blue house at dOCUMENTA (13) : The “60 wrd/min art critic” is available. ­Reviews are free of charge, and are written here on Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays ­between the hours of 1 and 6 p.m. Lori Waxman will spend 25 minutes ­looking at submitted work and writing a 200-word review. Thoughtful responses are guaranteed. Completed reviews will be ­published in the Hessische/­Niedersächsische­Allgem...

  12. Measured appearance energies of Cn+ (3 60

    We have used mass spectrometric techniques to determine the appearance energies for the formation of small, singly charged Cn+ fragment ions (3 60 under single collision conditions. The measured appearance energies range from 79 eV (C3+) to 91 eV (C10+) and show, within the experimental error bar of ± 5 eV, little variation with the cluster size. This result is distinctly different from the behaviour of the previously measured appearance energies for the large fragment ions C58+ to C44+ and indicates that the small fragment ions are the result of a different fragmentation pathway. (author)

  13. Design of JT-60U ICRF launcher

    JT-60U ICRF launcher is designed based on the measurement of electromagnetic field profile in front of a test launcher and the calculation of coupling properties. The coupling code was made for the antenna array whose each antenna element was recessed in a metal box and was a trombone shape. The image current induced on the metal separator degrates the loading resistance for only in-phase. The loading resistance of designed antenna is predicted to be over 2 Ω for out of phase in a H-mode like density profile with the distance of 6 cm between the sparatrix surface and the launcher. (author)

  14. Conceptual design of JT-60SA cryostat

    JT-60U modification program to fully superconducting device has been proceeded, namely ''JT-60SA'', toward early realization of fusion energy based on tokamak concept. The design of JT-60SA cryostat is expected to achieve a vacuum thermal insulation for super conducting coils, a bio-shielding boundary and structural gravity support. The cryostat is required to cover JT-60SA tokamak device, which is 15 m of total height and 7 m of radius, but there is geometrical limit due to surrounding devices reutilized. Although the cryostat consists of vessel body and gravity support, and the structural material is low cobalt 304 stainless steel (Co: 2, and the design of the leaf spring is considered to reduce thermal stress, and to withstand the mechanical loads of plasma disruption and seismic loads. The coolant is 80 K gas helium and both sides of panel are covered with multi-layers super insulation (SI) to reduce heat load (radiation) up to 1/100. Fraction of non-covered region is assumed to be 2% due to many port-joints and supports for the vacuum vessel. Total heat load for inner surface of cryostat (600 m2) is 9kW and the heat load for the port-joints (-300 m2) is assumed up to 9 kW. The operational pressure of the cryostat is required to keep less than 10-2 Pa and about 100,000 m2 of structural surfaces is considered for exhaust system specification. Another role of the cryostat is the radiation protection. Biological shielding up to 10 micro-Sv/h (for maintenance acceptance) is required of the cryostat surface after the 10 years operation. Thus the cryostat consists of boron (2 wt%) doped concrete of 220 mm thickness and structural SS304 of total 40 mm thickness. The concrete reduces the air activation (41Ar) in the torus hall by 90% rather than the normal one by the thermal neutron absorption of boron. (orig.)

  15. 60 years of CERN experiments and discoveries

    Di Lella, Luigi

    2015-01-01

    The book contains a description of the most important experimental results achieved at CERN during the past 60 years, from the mid-1950s to the latest discovery of the Higgs particle. It covers the results from early accelerators at CERN to the most recent results at the LHC and thus provides an excellent review of the achievements of this outstanding laboratory. It reflects not only the impressive scientific progress achieved during the past six decades but demonstrates also the special way of successful international collaboration developed at CERN.

  16. Cervical Cancer is Preventable! PSA (:60)

    2014-11-05

    This 60 second Public Service Announcement is based on the November 2014 CDC Vital Signs report. Every visit to a doctor or nurse is an opportunity to prevent cervical cancer. Women can get a Pap test and HPV test to help prevent cervical cancer and adolescent boys and girls can get the HPV vaccination series to help prevent cervical and other cancers.  Created: 11/5/2014 by National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (NCIPC).   Date Released: 11/5/2014.

  17. Energy spectrum of C60 fullerene

    Mironov, G. I.; Murzashev, A. I.

    2011-11-01

    The energy spectrum of the C60 fullerene has been calculated in terms of the Shubin-Vonsovskii-Hubbard model using an approximation of static fluctuations. Based on the spectrum, the optical absorption bands at 4.84, 5.88, and 6.30 eV observed experimentally have been successfully explained. It has been concluded that the model used is applicable for the calculation of the energy spectrum and the energy properties of other nanosystems, such as fullerenes of higher orders, carbon nanotubes, and grafen planes.

  18. Hospital Actions Affect Breastfeeding PSA (:60)

    2015-10-06

    This 60 second public service announcement is based on the September 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. Your heart age is the age of your heart and blood vessels as a result of your risk factors for heart attack and stroke. If you smoke or have high blood pressure, your heart age will be much higher than your actual age. Learn what you can do to lower your heart age and keep it low.  Created: 10/6/2015 by National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP).   Date Released: 10/6/2015.

  19. Degradability of aged aquatic suspensions of C60 nanoparticles

    Hartmann, Nanna Isabella Bloch; Buendia, Inmaculada M.; Bak, Jimmy;

    2011-01-01

    In this study, aged aqueous suspensions of C(60) (nC(60)) were investigated in the respirometric OECD test for ready biodegradability. Two suspensions of nC(60) were prepared by stirring and aged under indirect exposure to sunlight for 36 months. ATR-FTIR analyses confirmed the presence of C(60)-...

  20. 40 CFR 60.2175 - What records must I keep?

    2010-07-01

    ... downtime associated with zero and span and other routine calibration checks). Identify the operating... operator training requirements under § 60.2070, met the criteria for qualification under § 60.2080, and maintained or renewed their qualification under § 60.2085 or § 60.2090. Records must include documentation...

  1. Degradability of aged aquatic suspensions of C60 nanoparticles

    Hartmann, B.; Buendia, Inmaculada M.; Baun, Anders

    2011-01-01

    While studies of the potential human and environmental effects of C60 and its derivatives are emerging in the scientific literature, the environmental fate of C60 is still largely unknown. In this study, aged aqueous suspensions of C60 (nC60) were investigated in the respirometric OECD test for...

  2. Percutaneous cholecystostome; 60 cases of experience

    Kang, Sung Gwon; Song, Ho Young; Yoon, Hyun Ki; Lee, Young Suk; Ki, Won Woo; Sung, Gyu Bo [Ulsan Univ College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-01-01

    To review the effectiveness and complication of percutaneous cholecystostomy (PCCS). We performed PCCS in 60 patient who presented with acute cholecystitis. The causes of acute cholecystitis were as follows; acalculous cholecystitis(n=8), calculous cholecystitis(n=23), GB hydrops (n=3), GB empyema(n=15), septic cholangitis(n=11). Of 60 patients, 36 patients had high risk factor for cholecystectomy; underlying malignancy(n=13), severe trauma(n=6). Cholecystostomy was done under ultrasonographic and fluoroscopic guide. The cholecystostomy was successfully in 59 patients, and failed in 1 patient. 15 patients improved without other procedure. 16 patients underwent cholecystectomy after improvement of their general condition. Severe complications of PCCS are as follows; bile peritonitis(n=6), hemoperitoneum(n=1), subphrenic abscess(n=1). Mild complication, such as pain, occurred in most patients. Emergency operation was done in one patient who developed bile peritonitis. Cholecystostomy is effective and safe, especially in cases of inoperable patients who represent acute cholecystitis. Percutaneous cholecystostomy may substitute surgical cholecystostomy.

  3. Vibration analysis in JT-60SU design

    A dynamic analysis of the JT-60SU machine at emergency events such as an earthquake has been made. Superconducting coil systems and the vacuum vessel are modeled with beam and shell elements with a realistic weight distribution. It is found that a weight reduced design of TF coils, shear panel connection between two adjacent TF coils and favorable design of supporting system contribute to a higher eigenmode frequency for vibration. The fundamental eigenmode frequency of coil systems is 10.31 Hz and much higher than that of ITER. Dynamic response of the coil system using the acceleration (350-400 gal) of the floor of the machine room has indicated that the maximum displacement of the TF coil is within 2 mm and the acceleration of TF coil system is almost the same as that of the floor. A fundamental eigenmode frequency for the vibration of the vacuum vessel is 6.1 Hz and the maximum displacement is within 2.4 mm at the similar acceleration on the floor of the machine room. These results indicate sufficient robustness of JT-60SU system against an earthquake

  4. [Laparoscopic splenectomy: analysis of 60 consecutive cases].

    Silecchia, Gianfranco; Fabiano, Paolo; Raparelli, Luigi; Perrotta, Nicola; Greco, Francesco; Clementi, Marco; Elmore, Ugo; Pecchia, Alessandro; Basso, Nicola

    2002-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to analyze the results of 60 patients who were candidates for laparoscopic splenectomy. Over the period from May 1994 to May 2001, 60 patients were candidates for splenectomy. Laparoscopy was contraindicated in 3 cases because of ASA III and marked splenomegaly (2 cases) and previous gastric resection (1 case). The procedure was indicated for benign disease in 38 cases and for malignant disease in the remainder. Fifty-three procedures were completed laparoscopically (92.9%). Conversion proved necessary in 4 patients (6.7%) due to large incisional hernia, perisplenic abscess, bleeding of major splenic vessels at the hilum and marked splenomegaly (2 cases of lymphoma). The mean operative time was 200 min for the malignancies and 110 min for the benign conditions (P < 0.05). Major morbidity occurred in 5 cases (8.7%). No deaths were registered. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 7.5 days for patients with malignancies and 5.2 days for patients with benign disease (P < 0.05). Laparoscopic splenectomy was safe and effective in patients with benign disease, even in cases of marked splenomegaly. The morbidity rate was significantly higher in lymphoma patients than in patients with benign haematological disorders. PMID:12192922

  5. Identification of more interstellar C60+ bands

    Walker, Gordon; Maier, John; Campbell, Ewen

    2015-01-01

    Based on gas-phase laboratory spectra at 6 K, Campbell et al. (2015) confirmed that the diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) at 9632.7 and 9577.5A are due to absorption by the fullerene ion C60+. They also reported the detection of two other, weaker bands at 9428.5 and 9365.9A. These lie in spectral regions heavily contaminated by telluric water vapour lines. We acquired CFHT ESPaDOnS spectra of HD183143 close to the zenith and chopped with a nearby standard to correct for the telluric line absorption which enabled us to detect a DIB at 9365.9A of relative width and strength comparable to the laboratory absorption. There is a DIB of similar strength and FWHM at 9362.5A. A stellar emission feature at 9429A prevented detection of the 9428.5A band. However, a CFHT archival spectrum of HD169454, where emission is absent at 9429A, clearly shows the 9428.5A DIB with the expected strength and width. These results further confirm C60+ as a DIB carrier.

  6. Identification of More Interstellar C60+ Bands

    Walker, G. A. H.; Bohlender, D. A.; Maier, J. P.; Campbell, E. K.

    2015-10-01

    Based on gas-phase laboratory spectra at 6 K, Campbell et al. confirmed that the diffuse interstellar bands (DIBs) at 9632.7 and 9577.5 Å are due to absorption by the fullerene ion {{{C}}}60+. They also reported the detection of two other, weaker bands at 9428.5 and 9365.9 Å. These lie in spectral regions heavily contaminated by telluric water vapor lines. We acquired CFHT ESPaDOnS spectra of HD 183143 close to the zenith and chopped with a nearby standard to correct for the telluric line absorption which enabled us to detect a DIB at 9365.9 Å of relative width and strength comparable to the laboratory absorption. There is a DIB of similar strength and FWHM at 9362.5 Å. A stellar emission feature at 9429 Å prevented detection of the 9428.5 Å band. However, a CFHT archival spectrum of HD 169454, where emission is absent at 9429 Å, clearly shows the 9428.5 Å DIB with the expected strength and width. These results further confirm {{{C}}}60+ as a DIB carrier. Based on observations obtained at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT), which is operated by the National Research Council of Canada, the Institut National des Sciences de l’Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique of France, and the University of Hawaii.

  7. Vehicle mobile 60Co container inspection system

    This paper presents a mobile 60Co container inspection system (CIS) and its performance. With all devices including industrial 60Co source, high sensitive gas-ionized array detector, image treatment and control system, inspection driving device on a vehicle, the vehicle mobile CIS has advantages of high agility and climate resistance, and it can complete emergent inspection. The mobile CIS contains equipment-vehicle and control-vehicle. Equipment-vehicle and object-container are still, while a folding detector gantry is moving through a folding rail on the equipment-vehicle and completes the inspection. the mobile CIS has the inspection characteristics similar to the fixed system and it can be used in worse circumstances. Its CI (Contrast Indicator) and IQI (Image Quality Indicator) for 100 mm steel plate attain to 0.5% and 2.5% respectively, and the SP (Space Penetration) is about 240 mm (Fe). Maximum dose per scanning is about 5 μGy, scanning speed is varied from 6 to 18 m/min, and maximum transformational speed is 90 km/h

  8. Heat structural problems in JT-60

    The construction of JT-60 is in progress to study the behavior of hydrogen plasma. The D-T reaction does not occur in this device, therefore the considerations for neutron damage, tritium leakage and so on are not necessary. The long-pulse operation will be done, and the suppression of the production and mixing of impurity is considered in the design of the JT-60. The high temperature baking is possible, and the magnetic limiter is set. The vacuum container has the complex structure consists of 8 sector type thick rings and 8 U-shaped bellows, and has egg-shaped cross section. The main radius of the torus is about 3 m. The material of the vacuum container is INCONEL 625. The analyses of various stresses due to such as atmospheric pressure, eddy current and thermal expansion were made. It is also necessary to consider the thermal stress due to the leakage of neutral beam. The thermal input of about 20 MW per one discharge to the first wall is taken into consideration. The material of the first wall is molybdenum. (Kato, T.)

  9. Cataractogenesis after Cobalt-60 eye plaque radiotherapy

    This study was designed to estimate the actuarial incidence of typical postirradiation cataracts and to identify prognostic factors related to their development in melanoma-containing eyes treated by Cobalt-60 plaque radiotherapy. A special interest was the impact of calculated radiation dose and dose-rate to the lens. The authors evaluated the actuarial occurrence of post-irradiation cataract in 365 patients with primary posterior uveal melanoma treated by Cobalt-60 plaque radiotherapy between 1976 and 1986. Only 22% (S.E. = 4.6%) of the patients who received a total dose of 6 to 20 Gy at the center of the lens developed a visually significant cataract attributable to the radiation within 5 years after treatment. Using multivariate Cox proportional hazards modeling, the authors identified thickness of the tumor, location of the tumor's anterior margin relative to the equatorward and the ora serrata, and diameter of the eye plaque used as the best combination of covariables for predicting length of time until development of cataract. Surprisingly, the dose of radiation delivered to the lens, which was strongly correlated to all of these covariables, was not a significant predictive factor in multivariate analysis. The results suggest that success of efforts to decrease the occurrence rate of post-irradiation cataracts by better treatment planning might be limited in patients with posterior uveal melanoma. 21 refs., 2 figs., 5 tabs

  10. On the fluorescence of C60 at room temperature

    2010-01-01

    The fluorescence properties of C 60 in different organic solvents have been investigated at room temperature. Three fluorescence emission centers are discovered and ascribed to different aggregations of C 60 in solvent. A series of blue fluorescence peaks centered at 440 nm derive from C 60 nanoparticles; a distinctive yellow-green fluorescence band in 575 nm region arises from the aggregates of C 60 nanoparticles; a more informative salmon fluorescence band around 700 nm originates from C 60 microcrystals. And the distinct configurations of C 60 aggregations are closely associated with the characteristic interaction between C 60 and solvent molecules.

  11. Increased Levels of IgG Antibodies against Human HSP60 in Patients with Spondyloarthritis

    Nielsen, Astrid Hjelholt; Carlsen, Thomas; Deleuran, Bent;

    2013-01-01

    Introduction: Spondyloarthritis (SpA) comprises a heterogeneous group of inflammatory diseases, with strong association to human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B27. SpA is suggested triggered by bacterial infection, and bacterial heat shock protein (HSP) seems to be a strong T cell antigen. Since...... severity in relation to HLA-B27 was evaluated. Material & Methods: Serum samples from 82 patients and 50 controls were analysed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for immunoglobulin (Ig)G1, IgG2, IgG3 and IgG4 antibodies against human HSP60 and HSP60 from Chlamydia trachomatis, Salmonella...... against human HSP60, but not antibodies against bacterial HSP60, were elevated in the SpA group compared with the control group. Association between IgG3 antibodies against human HSP60 and BASMI was shown in HLA-B27+ patients. Only weak correlation between antibodies against bacterial and human HSP60 was...

  12. Iron ion implantation into C60 layer

    Complete text of publication follows. The soccer ball shaped carbon molecule consisting of 60 carbon atoms (C60, fullerene) was discovered in 1985. Since that time the fullerene has become intensively studied. This special molecule has much potential in medical care, biotechnology and nanotechnology. We are motivated to produce special type fullerenes, so called endohedral fullerenes (some alien atoms are encapsulated inside the fullerene cage). The spring of our motivation is that the Fe at C60 could be applied as a contrast material for MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) or microwave heat therapy. One way to make X at C60 is the surface production using an ECRIS (Electron Cyclotron Resonance Ion Source). An evaporated or preprepared fullerene layer is irradiated by ions to form a new material during the implantation. By this method several kinds of atomic species, such as Li, Na, K, Rb, Xe were encapsulated into the fullerenes. However evidence for the Fe at C60 has not been found yet. During the analysis of the irradiated samples three questions must be answered. 1. Are there iron atoms in the layer and where? 2. Does the iron bond to the fullerene? 3. How does the iron bond to the fullerene, inside or outside? Using different investigation tools, SNMS (Secondary Neural Mass Spectrometer), MALDI-TOF (Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Time of Flight), XPS (Xray Photoelectron Spectroscopy) or HPLC (High-Performance Liquid Chromatography), all these questions could be clarified step by step. In this paper we made the first steps to answer the first question: fullerene layers irradiated by iron ion beam delivered by the ATOMKI-ECRIS have been analyzed by the ATOMKI-SNMS. The evaporated 90 - 120 nm thick fullerene layers on Si holder were irradiated by Fe5+ and Fe+ ion beams produced from Ferrocene vapor. Samples were irradiated with two different doses (5 1018 ion/cm3 and 1022 ion/cm3) at four ion energies (65 keV, 6.5 keV, 0.2 keV and two of these samples

  13. Bioequivalence of Isophane Protamine Recombinant Human Insulin Injection (pre-mixed 50/50) and 50/50 Mixture Recombinant Human Insulin Injection after sc administration in Beagle dogs%精蛋白重组人胰岛素注射液(预混50/50)与50/50混合重组人胰岛素注射液在Beagle犬体内的生物等效性研究

    慈小燕; 江立新; 孙磊; 周伟; 李薇; 高晶; 武卫党; 李亚卓; 魏滋鸿; 董艳; 伊秀林; 曾勇

    2015-01-01

    ObjectiveTo investigate the pharmacokinetic and bioequivalence of Isophane Protamine Recombinant Human Insulin Injection (pre-mixed 50/50) and 50/50 Mixture Recombinant Human Insulin Injection after sc administration in Beagle dogs.Methods Twelve healthy Beagle dogs dogs were divided into two groups, and the dogs in two groups were separately singlely sc injected with Isophane Protamine Recombinant Human Insulin Injection (pre-mixed 50/50) and 50/50 Mixture Recombinant Human Insulin Injection in the same dose according to a randomized two-phase crossover. The plasma was sampled at different time points after sc administration, and the blood glucose levels were determined by Roche Glucose meter synchronously. The radioimmunoassay (RIA) method was used to determine the concentration of blood insulin at the different sample points. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 2.0 Software.Results Beagle’s dogs were treated with test preparation and reference preparation following single sc administration at the dose of 5 U/animal. The main pharmacokinetic parameters of test preparation and reference preparation were as following: The elimination half-life (t1/2) was (2.62 ± 2.14) and (1.99 ± 1.37) h, the peak concentration (Cmax) was (108.30 ± 26.90) and (104.60 ± 18.45)μU/mL, the peak time (tmax) was (0.94 ± 0.43) and (0.90 ± 0.39) h, and the area under the concentration - time curve (AUC(0-t)) was (362.3 ± 73.6) and (351.7 ± 53.9)μU/(mL·h), respectively. What’s more, the minimum blood glucose levels (Cmin) of the tested and referenced samples were (1.74 ± 0.25) and (1.80 ± 0.33) mmol/L, respectively, and thetmin (time to reach minimum blood glucose level) was (1.58 ± 0.97) and (2.02 ± 0.96) h, respectively.Conclusion Isophane Protamine Recombinant Human Insulin Injection (pre-mixed 50/50) and 50/50 Mixture Recombinant Human Insulin Injection are bioequivalent in the therapy effect.%目的:研究精蛋白重

  14. 精蛋白重组人胰岛素注射液(预混50/50)与50/50混合重组人胰岛素注射液在Beagle犬体内的生物等效性研究%Bioequivalence of Isophane Protamine Recombinant Human Insulin Injection (pre-mixed 50/50) and 50/50 Mixture Recombinant Human Insulin Injection after sc administration in Beagle dogs

    慈小燕; 江立新; 孙磊; 周伟; 李薇; 高晶; 武卫党; 李亚卓; 魏滋鸿; 董艳; 伊秀林; 曾勇

    2015-01-01

    ObjectiveTo investigate the pharmacokinetic and bioequivalence of Isophane Protamine Recombinant Human Insulin Injection (pre-mixed 50/50) and 50/50 Mixture Recombinant Human Insulin Injection after sc administration in Beagle dogs.Methods Twelve healthy Beagle dogs dogs were divided into two groups, and the dogs in two groups were separately singlely sc injected with Isophane Protamine Recombinant Human Insulin Injection (pre-mixed 50/50) and 50/50 Mixture Recombinant Human Insulin Injection in the same dose according to a randomized two-phase crossover. The plasma was sampled at different time points after sc administration, and the blood glucose levels were determined by Roche Glucose meter synchronously. The radioimmunoassay (RIA) method was used to determine the concentration of blood insulin at the different sample points. The pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 2.0 Software.Results Beagle’s dogs were treated with test preparation and reference preparation following single sc administration at the dose of 5 U/animal. The main pharmacokinetic parameters of test preparation and reference preparation were as following: The elimination half-life (t1/2) was (2.62 ± 2.14) and (1.99 ± 1.37) h, the peak concentration (Cmax) was (108.30 ± 26.90) and (104.60 ± 18.45)μU/mL, the peak time (tmax) was (0.94 ± 0.43) and (0.90 ± 0.39) h, and the area under the concentration - time curve (AUC(0-t)) was (362.3 ± 73.6) and (351.7 ± 53.9)μU/(mL·h), respectively. What’s more, the minimum blood glucose levels (Cmin) of the tested and referenced samples were (1.74 ± 0.25) and (1.80 ± 0.33) mmol/L, respectively, and thetmin (time to reach minimum blood glucose level) was (1.58 ± 0.97) and (2.02 ± 0.96) h, respectively.Conclusion Isophane Protamine Recombinant Human Insulin Injection (pre-mixed 50/50) and 50/50 Mixture Recombinant Human Insulin Injection are bioequivalent in the therapy effect.%目的:研究精蛋白重

  15. Chemical synthesis, characterizations and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline Fe{sub 50}Co{sub 50} alloy

    Dalavi, Shankar B.; Panda, Rabi Narayan, E-mail: rnp@goa.bits-pilani.ac.in [Department of Chemistry, BITS-Pilani, K. K. Birla Goa Campus, Zuarinagar, Goa-403726 (India); Raja, M. Manivel [Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Hyderabad-500058 (India)

    2014-04-24

    Nanocrystalline Fe{sub 50}Co{sub 50} alloy has been synthesized successfully by chemical reduction route using superhydride as reducing agent and oleic acid and oleylamine as capping agents. Phase purity, crystallite size and lattice parameters of the synthesized NPs are determined by X-ray powder diffraction method. FeCo alloy crystallizes in body centered cubic (bcc) structure having crystallite size equal to 29 nm and lattice parameters equal to 2.8546 Å. The size and shape morphologies of the material were studied by SEM analysis. SEM micrograph study shows the average particle size to be 60 nm and indicates the appearance of agglomerates of the nano-particles consisting of several crystallites. The room temperature magnetic hysteresis studies indicate ferromagnetic behavior of the materials. The values of saturation magnetization and coercivity were 65 emu/g and 460 Oe, respectively. Magnetic properties of the material were interpreted on the basis of fine particle magnetism.

  16. Control of Trogoderma granarium through gamma radiation of cobalt-60

    Arthur, Valter; Silva, Lucia Cristina Aparecida Santos [Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura (CENA), Piracicaba, SP (Brazil). Lab. de Irradiacao de Alimentos e Radioentomologia]. E-mail: arthur@cena.usp.br

    2007-07-01

    Trogoderma granarium belongs to the Coleopteran order, its common name kharpa beetle and is a pest of stored-products. Kharpa beetle actually it is find in Brazil, and is an important pest from importers and exporters of stored-products. Questions regarding the safety of chemical treatments for quarantine purposes have led to renewed interest in the use of radiation to disinfestation as a quarantine treatment. The objective of this work was study the effect of different doses of gamma radiation of Cobalt-60 to control of adults of T. granarium. The adult insects were irradiated in a Cobalt-60 source type Gamma beam-650, with doses of 0 ( control), 25, 50, 75 and 100 Gy, with a dose rate of 313,78 Gy/hour. Each treatment had 3 repetitions with 10 adult insects each, in a total of 30 insects for treatment. After the irradiation the experiment was put in a climatic camera with temperature of 22 deg C and relative humidity of 70%. The mortality counting were accomplished every 7 days, and after mortality of the all adults was done the evaluation of the emergence of the filial generation (F{sub 1}). The results show that the dose of 100 Gy was the sterilizing for the adult insects. As we know a sterile population is an extinct population then we can indicate with safety a dose of 100 Gy to control this pest in stored products. But for safety and in agreement with the results found in the literature a dose of 200 Gy is recommended. (author)

  17. Control of Trogoderma granarium through gamma radiation of cobalt-60

    Trogoderma granarium belongs to the Coleopteran order, its common name kharpa beetle and is a pest of stored-products. Kharpa beetle actually it is find in Brazil, and is an important pest from importers and exporters of stored-products. Questions regarding the safety of chemical treatments for quarantine purposes have led to renewed interest in the use of radiation to disinfestation as a quarantine treatment. The objective of this work was study the effect of different doses of gamma radiation of Cobalt-60 to control of adults of T. granarium. The adult insects were irradiated in a Cobalt-60 source type Gamma beam-650, with doses of 0 ( control), 25, 50, 75 and 100 Gy, with a dose rate of 313,78 Gy/hour. Each treatment had 3 repetitions with 10 adult insects each, in a total of 30 insects for treatment. After the irradiation the experiment was put in a climatic camera with temperature of 22 deg C and relative humidity of 70%. The mortality counting were accomplished every 7 days, and after mortality of the all adults was done the evaluation of the emergence of the filial generation (F1). The results show that the dose of 100 Gy was the sterilizing for the adult insects. As we know a sterile population is an extinct population then we can indicate with safety a dose of 100 Gy to control this pest in stored products. But for safety and in agreement with the results found in the literature a dose of 200 Gy is recommended. (author)

  18. Effect of 60Co γ irradiation and GA3 treatment on mutation of Carica papaya L

    The seeds of Carica papaya L. were irradiated by 60Co γ-rays of 10-40 Gy and treated by GA3 of 10-50 mg/L after irradiation. The results showed that small nuclear cell percentage, chromosome variation percentage and leaf variability of papaya seedling increased with increase of irradiation dose, the pollen fertility and fruit quality decreased. GA3 of 10-50 mg/L treatment after irradiation could alleviate the irradiation harm, and the effect of lower concentration of GA3 was better than higher concentration with lower dose irradiation, however, the effect of higher concentration of GA3 was better with higher dose irradiation

  19. Synthesis of water-soluble cystine C60 derivative with catalyst and its active oxygen radical scavenging ability

    Wen Chao Guan; Xiang Ying Tang; Li Zhen Huang; Hong Xu

    2007-01-01

    A novel water-soluble cystine C60 derivative was synthesized in the presence of the catalyst, tetrabutylammonium hydroxide (TBAH). The product was characterized by FT-IR, UV, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, MS and elemental analysis. Furthermore, the that cystine C60 derivative showed an excellent efficiency in eliminating superoxygen anion radical and hydroxyl radical. The 50%inhibition concentration (IC50) for superoxygen anion radical and hydroxyl radical were 0.167 and 0.008 mg/mL, respectively.

  20. Sorption of {sup 60} Co on inorganic solids; Sorcion de {sup 60} Co en solidos inorganicos

    Granados C, F.; Bulbulian G, S. [ININ, 52045 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Mardel V, B. [UAM-I, 09340 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

    2003-07-01

    The behavior of sorption of the {sup 60} Co in aqueous solution under static conditions to different values of pH of the aqueous solution (1, 3, 5, 7, and 10) on MgO, MnO{sub 2}, SnO, TiO{sub 2}, activated carbon and calcinate hydrotalcite was investigated. It was found that the best sorbents of the {sup 60} Co was the MnO{sub 2}, activated carbon and TiO{sub 2} whose sorption was incremented when increasing the pH value of the aqueous solutions, in the one case of the hydrated oxides, the {sup 60} Co interacted with the electrically charged surface of the sorbents that depends on the pH of the solution and of the point of zero charge (zpc) of the sorbent. (Author)

  1. EDITORIAL: 50th anniversary issue

    Beddoe, Alun H.

    2006-07-01

    In July 1956, 50 years ago, the first issue of Physics in Medicine and Biology (PMB) was published. It was subtitled The Journal of the Hospital Physicists' Association and published in association with the Philosophical Magazine by Taylor and Francis. Subscriptions were £1 per part or £3 10s for an annual subscription. The Editor, Professor J E Roberts, prefaced the first issue with a cautious editorial noting: The appearance of a new journal is usually greeted with mixed feelings by scientific workers, a common response being that there are far too many journals already. Justification for a new publication is only possible if there is a clearly defined gap in the publishing facilities available to workers in a particular scientific field.... Professor Roberts ended by seeking support from the scientific community for the new venture. He certainly got it! From a tentative few hundred pages in four issues a year for the first few years, the journal is now issued twice monthly with nearly 8000 pages expected in volume 51. In this anniversary issue we have invited some 28 senior authors to submit papers on a range of subjects spanning the discipline. We decided that to be an author one had to be old, but age was not to be the only criterion! Indeed readers will recognize all names as major contributors to both the development of medical physics and the success of PMB. Authors were not asked to write formal topical reviews of the state-of-the-art of the sub-disciplines which make up medical physics, but rather to present short historical reviews, didactic in style, perhaps highlighting the role of PMB in the development of their fields. Nevertheless, other than a page limit (which many subsequently ignored!) no formal format was imposed on authors, so what follows is a range of contributions from the almost conversational, personal statement to the more formal and familiar scientific paper. Whatever the writing style we are confident that readers will gain some

  2. Investigation on mechanical behaviour of AM60 magnesium alloys

    C. Yan

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: In this work, tension, impact, bend and fatigue tests were conducted in an AM60 magnesium alloy. The effects of environmental temperature and loading rates on impact and tension behavior of the alloy were also investigated.Design/methodology/approach: The tests were conducted using an Instron universal testing machine. The loading speed was changed from 1 mm/min to 300 mm/min to gain a better understanding of the effect of strain rate. To understand the failure behavior of this alloy at different environmental temperatures, Charpy impact test was conducted in a range of temperatures (-40~35°C. Plane strain fracture toughness (KIC was evaluated using compact tension (CT specimen. To gain a better understanding of the failure mechanisms, all fracture surfaces were observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM. In addition, fatigue behavior of this alloy was estimated using tension test under tension-tension condition at 30 Hz. The stress amplitude was selected in the range of 20~50 MPa to obtain the S-N curve.Findings: The tensile test indicated that the mechanical properties were not sensitive to the strain rates applied (3.3x10-4~0.1 and the plastic deformation was dominated by twining mediated slip. The impact energy is not sensitive to the environmental temperature. The plane strain fracture toughness and fatigue limit were evaluated and the average values were 7.6 MPa.m1/2 and 25 MPa, respectively. Practical implications: Tested materials AM60 Mg alloy can be applied among others in automotive industry aerospace, communication and computer industry.Originality/value: Many investigations have been conducted to develop new Mg alloys with improved stiffness and ductility. On the other hand, relatively less attention has been paid to the failure mechanisms of Mg alloys, such as brittle fracture and fatigue, subjected to different environmental or loading conditions. In this work, tension, impact, bend and fatigue tests were conducted

  3. Recent progress of JT-60U experiments

    Progress of JT-60U experiments during last two years are summarized in this paper. After the achievement of world record in fusion triple product, experiments are shifted to the extension of operating regimes such as high performance quasi steady-state ELM'y H-mode, high performance full CD with a large bootstrap fraction, high βN operation, high triangularity and the reverse shear operations. The author also accumulated a data base for understanding ELM behavior to solve the present difficulty to demonstrate high performance plasma at high (edge) density regime to achieve cold and dense radiative divertor plasma with enhanced confinement. He also demonstrated an effective He ash exhaust in the ELM'y H-mode which is a critical physics R and D issue for ITER. Extensive studies of various disruptions were made and effective methods to avoid disruption were proposed

  4. ECR Discharge Cleaning on JT-60U

    Electron Cyclotron Resonance Discharge Cleaning (ECR-DC) was studied on JT-60U whose first wall was composed of graphite tiles. The radio frequency of 2GHz band, which was the original Lower Hybrid Range of Frequency (LHRF) heating system, was applied to the ECR-DC at the toroidal magnetic field of around 0.06T. A high power ECR-DC up to ∼125kW was performed for quasi steady state operation. Though ECR-DC caused the increase in the recycling rate on the graphite first wall, a remarkable desorption of water vapor (mass number of m/e=20) was observed by the ECR in Deuterium gas. Moreover, it was found that the ECR in D2 was effective to desorb Tritium from the graphite first wall. (author)

  5. Pituitary macroadenomas: reviews of 60 cases

    We reviewed 60 cases of patients with pituitary macroadenomas who were submitted to magnetic resonance imaging evaluations at private institutions in Niteroi and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the advantages of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis and follow-up of these patients. Macroprolactinomas were the most prevalent tumors. We also observed four growth-hormone (GH) secreting macroadenomas with clinical signs of acromegaly, and one GH- and prolactin-secreting macroadenoma. Seven patients presented pituitary apoplexy and hyperintense signal on T1-W images before contrast medium (gadolinium) administration suggestive of intratumoral bleeding. The follow-up of 15 cases demonstrated a reduction in the size of the tumor after surgery, clinical treatment or radiotherapy. Magnetic resonance imaging is important for the study of pituitary macroadenomas, particularly before surgery, as it shows the involvement of adjacent structures, specially the cavernous sinus, optic chiasm and pituitary stalk compression. (author)

  6. CERN 60: celebrating with the UN

    CERN Bulletin

    2014-01-01

    A special event to celebrate CERN’s anniversary will be held Monday 20 October at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, US. High-profile speakers from the world of politics, diplomacy and science will celebrate their common values: inclusion, peaceful co-operation and universality.   CERN’s relations with intergovernmental organisations are part of CERN’s engagement with key stakeholders, which include, among others, the Member States, the scientific community, and the Host States. In recent years, the Laboratory has grown from European to global and it is actively engaged in several collaborations with other intergovernmental organisations, including the UN and some of its agencies (UNESCO, UNITAR, WHO, WIPO, WMO, etc.). “It seemed natural for us to organise an event to celebrate CERN's 60th anniversary with this international community,” explains Maurizio Bona, advisor to the Director-General in charge of relations with interna...

  7. Daily Pill Can Prevent HIV PSA (:60)

    2015-11-24

    This 60 second public service announcement (PSA) is based on the November 24, 2015 CDC Vital Signs report. Preexposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, is a daily medicine that can be used to prevent getting HIV. PrEP is for people who don’t have HIV but who are at very high risk for getting it from sex or injection drug use. Unfortunately, many people who can benefit from PrEP aren’t taking it.  Created: 11/24/2015 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 11/24/2015.

  8. How 60 Minutes ticked off Illinois Power

    A November 60 Minutes broadcast on CBS television asserting that costs are out of control at the Illinois Power Co's(IP) Clinton nuclear power project because of management incompetence triggered a series of rebuttals and counter-rebuttals. A review of the events and correspondence during the planning stage and after the broadcast explores the question of construction cost overruns and the economic impact the broadcast had on IP's investors, employees, and customers. A parallel filming by IP was aired to show how the CBS edited the interview with IP officials. IP personnel feel betrayed by what they consider misconceptions and errors in the broadcast and are unhappy that an employee morale problem was worsened. Counter-arguments by both parties indicate a disagreement on both facts and interpretations

  9. PREPARATION STUDY OF SEMI-SOLID 60Si2Mn SPRING STEEL SLURRY

    W.M. Mao; A.M. Zhao; D. Yun; L.P. Zhang; X.Y. Zhong

    2003-01-01

    The nondendritic semi-solid slurry preparation of 60Si2Mn spring steel is studied in this paper. The experiments show that when stirred for 2 minutes under the test condition, the semi-solid slurry with 50%-60% fraction solid phase and spherical primary austenite in the size of 100-300μm can be obtained and is easy to be discharged from the little bottom hole of the stirring chamber. The more homogeneous temperature field and solute distribution of the 60Si2Mn spring steel melt appear because of the electromagnetic stirring, which restrains the formation of large primary austenitic dendrites and create a base to form spheroidized structure. The stronger temperature fluctuation in the melt with many rosette primary austenites caused by stirring and the remelting of the secondary arm roots in the same time are the most important reasons for deposition of spheroidized primary austenites.

  10. Electrochemical corrosion behavior of X52 and X60 steels in carbon dioxide containing saltwater solution

    Rihan Omar Rihan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available X52 and X60 high strength low alloy (HSLA steels are widely used in the construction of petroleum pipelines. This paper discusses the corrosion resistance of X52 and X60 steels in CO2 containing saltwater at pH 4.4 and 50 ºC. A circulating flow loop system inside an autoclave was used for conducting the experimental work. The rotating impeller speed was 2000 rpm. The corrosion rate was monitored using in situ electrochemical methods such as potentiodynamic sweep, linear polarization resistance, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS methods. Results indicated that the corrosion rate of X60 steel is relatively higher than that of X52 steel.

  11. Electrochemical corrosion behavior of X52 and X60 steels in carbon dioxide containing saltwater solution

    Rihan Omar Rihan

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available X52 and X60 high strength low alloy (HSLA steels are widely used in the construction of petroleum pipelines. This paper discusses the corrosion resistance of X52 and X60 steels in CO2 containing saltwater at pH 4.4 and 50 ºC. A circulating flow loop system inside an autoclave was used for conducting the experimental work. The rotating impeller speed was 2000 rpm. The corrosion rate was monitored using in situ electrochemical methods such as potentiodynamic sweep, linear polarization resistance, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS methods. Results indicated that the corrosion rate of X60 steel is relatively higher than that of X52 steel.

  12. Noninteracting control of JT-60 equilibrium configuration

    In divertor configuration, it becomes complicated to control the plasma shape and position. Moreover, in the case of the long pulse heating experiments with divertor, heat load to the divertor plate becomes large, so it will be necessary to swing the separatrix line on the divertor plate for reducing the heat load effectively. During this swing, plasma position and shape must be kept constant. If we control poloidal magnetic fields independently, unavoidable interaction will occur between control objectives, such as plasma position, clearance between plasma and wall, and the separatrix line location at the divertor throat and on the divertor plate. Here, the noninteracting control method is considered effective to suppress this interaction, where feedback gain matrix can be got by diagonalizing the transfer function matrix. By this method, it becomes easy to control the plasma position and shape precisely. We apply this algorithm to the control of JT-60 divertor configuration, and test its availability by simulation code and frequency analysis code (which use the tokamak circuit model). In JT-60, we have several types of poloidal magnetic fields for divertor-control. Each coil is designed to control each control objective, but this relation is not decoupled exactly. Hence, by utilizing the noninteracting control method, we can control independently plasma current, plasma position, clearance between plasma and wall, and separatrix line location at the divertor throat and on the divertor plate. As an example, we can swing separatrix line on the divertor plate +-4 cm without causinginteraction with position and clearance, fluctuations of which are suppressed below an acceptable level. And also, we can control the plasma position precisely following the reference value during the fast plasma current build up. (author)

  13. Radioprotective effects of sodium tungstate on hematopoietic injury by exposure to 60Co γ-rays in Wistar rats

    Radioprotective effects of sodium tungstate (ST) on 60Co γ-ray induced decrease in hematocrit value and in survival rate in Wistar strain male rats were examined. A long term administration of ST (less than 150 mg/kg body weight/day) for 60-300 day had no significant effects on body and organs weights and survival days. The LD50/60 in 20 weeks old rats was 220 mg/kg body weight/day. Daily administration of 38, 75 or 150 mg from 7 days before and after irradiation to 60 days significantly mitigated the decrease in hematocrit values, especially at 23 days after irradiation (P60Co γ-rays significantly. The dose-reduction factor for survival of 38 mg ST administered rats was 1.14. (author)

  14. 40 CFR 68.50 - Hazard review.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 15 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hazard review. 68.50 Section 68.50... ACCIDENT PREVENTION PROVISIONS Program 2 Prevention Program § 68.50 Hazard review. (a) The owner or operator shall conduct a review of the hazards associated with the regulated substances, process,...

  15. 7 CFR 947.50 - Marketing policy.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 947.50 Section 947.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulation § 947.50 Marketing policy. (a) Preparation. Prior to each marketing season the committee...

  16. 7 CFR 946.50 - Marketing policy.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 946.50 Section 946.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Order Regulating Handling Regulation § 946.50 Marketing policy. (a) Prior to each marketing season,...

  17. NA50 quark-gluon plasma experiment

    1997-01-01

    View of the NA50 detector, which studies quark-gluon plasma. The picture shows one of the six hodoscopes, made of 48 scintillator counters, used in the muon trigger of the NA50 spectrometer. The picture shows one of the six hodoscopes, made of 48 scintillator counters, used in the muon trigger of the NA50 spectrometer

  18. 7 CFR 201.50 - Weed seed.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Weed seed. 201.50 Section 201.50 Agriculture..., Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED) FEDERAL SEED ACT FEDERAL SEED ACT REGULATIONS Purity Analysis in the Administration of the Act § 201.50 Weed seed. Seeds (including bulblets...

  19. 36 CFR 228.50 - Production records.

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Production records. 228.50 Section 228.50 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MINERALS Disposal of Mineral Materials General Provisions § 228.50 Production records. At least annually,...

  20. 20 CFR 655.50 - Enforcement process.

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Enforcement process. 655.50 Section 655.50... FOREIGN WORKERS IN THE UNITED STATES Labor Certification Process and Enforcement of Attestations for... Workers) § 655.50 Enforcement process. (a) Authority of the WHD Administrator. The WHD Administrator...

  1. 24 CFR 50.31 - The EA.

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false The EA. 50.31 Section 50.31 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary, Department of Housing and Urban Development PROTECTION AND ENHANCEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY Environmental Assessments and Related Reviews § 50.31 The...

  2. 17 CFR 3.50 - Service.

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Service. 3.50 Section 3.50... Revocation of Registration § 3.50 Service. (a) For purposes of this subpart, service upon an applicant or... thereto, and will be complete upon mailing. Where a party effects service by mail, the time within...

  3. 45 CFR 50.8 - Compliance.

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Compliance. 50.8 Section 50.8 Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL ADMINISTRATION U.S. EXCHANGE VISITOR PROGRAM-REQUEST FOR WAIVER OF THE TWO-YEAR FOREIGN RESIDENCE REQUIREMENT § 50.8 Compliance. If an alien physician acquires...

  4. 19 CFR 4.50 - Passenger lists.

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Passenger lists. 4.50 Section 4.50 Customs Duties... VESSELS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC TRADES Passengers on Vessels § 4.50 Passenger lists. (a) The master of... passenger and crew lists, as required by § 4.7(a) of this part. If the vessel is arriving from...

  5. 7 CFR 701.50 - 2005 hurricanes.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false 2005 hurricanes. 701.50 Section 701.50 Agriculture... ADMINISTERED UNDER THIS PART § 701.50 2005 hurricanes. In addition benefits elsewhere allowed by this part, claims related to calendar year 2005 hurricane losses may be allowed to the extent provided for in §§...

  6. 46 CFR 168.15-50 - Ventilation.

    2010-10-01

    ... Accommodations § 168.15-50 Ventilation. (a) All quarters must be adequately ventilated in a manner suitable to the purpose of the space and route of the vessel. (b) When mechanical ventilation is provided for... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ventilation. 168.15-50 Section 168.15-50 Shipping...

  7. 10 CFR 50.31 - Combining applications.

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Combining applications. 50.31 Section 50.31 Energy NUCLEAR..., Certifications, and Regulatory Approvals; Form; Contents; Ineligibility of Certain Applicants § 50.31 Combining applications. An applicant may combine in one his several applications for different kinds of licenses...

  8. 10 CFR 50.52 - Combining licenses.

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Combining licenses. 50.52 Section 50.52 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION DOMESTIC LICENSING OF PRODUCTION AND UTILIZATION FACILITIES Issuance, Limitations, and Conditions of Licenses and Construction Permits § 50.52 Combining licenses. The Commission may combine in...

  9. 46 CFR 193.50-5 - Classification.

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Classification. 193.50-5 Section 193.50-5 Shipping COAST... Details § 193.50-5 Classification. (a) Hand portable fire extinguishers and semiportable fire...) Classification Type Size Soda-acid and water, gals. Foam, gals. Carbon dioxide, lbs. Dry chemical, lbs. A II...

  10. 40 CFR 205.50 - Applicability.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 24 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Applicability. 205.50 Section 205.50 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) NOISE ABATEMENT PROGRAMS TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT NOISE EMISSION CONTROLS Medium and Heavy Trucks § 205.50 Applicability. (a) Except as...

  11. 29 CFR 18.50 - Authenticity.

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Authenticity. 18.50 Section 18.50 Labor Office of the Secretary of Labor RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS BEFORE THE OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES General § 18.50 Authenticity. The authenticity of all documents submitted as...

  12. 37 CFR 11.50 - Evidence.

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Evidence. 11.50 Section 11.50... Proceedings; Jurisdiction, Sanctions, Investigations, and Proceedings § 11.50 Evidence. (a) Rules of evidence. The rules of evidence prevailing in courts of law and equity are not controlling in hearings...

  13. 7 CFR 925.50 - Marketing policy.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 925.50 Section 925.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... SOUTHEASTERN CALIFORNIA Regulations § 925.50 Marketing policy. Each season prior to making any...

  14. 7 CFR 920.50 - Marketing policy.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 920.50 Section 920.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulations § 920.50 Marketing policy. (a) Each season prior to making any recommendations pursuant to §...

  15. 7 CFR 959.50 - Marketing policy.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 959.50 Section 959.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Regulations § 959.50 Marketing policy. (a) At the beginning of each season, and as...

  16. 7 CFR 966.50 - Marketing policy.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 966.50 Section 966.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Regulation § 966.50 Marketing policy. Prior to or at the same time as...

  17. 7 CFR 958.50 - Marketing policy.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 958.50 Section 958.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... COUNTIES IN IDAHO, AND MALHEUR COUNTY, OREGON Order Regulating Handling Regulation § 958.50...

  18. 7 CFR 930.50 - Marketing policy.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 930.50 Section 930.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulations § 930.50 Marketing policy. (a) Optimum supply. On or about July 1 of each crop year, the...

  19. 7 CFR 927.50 - Marketing policy.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 927.50 Section 927.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Order Regulating Handling Regulation of Shipments § 927.50 Marketing policy. (a) It shall be the duty...

  20. 7 CFR 916.50 - Marketing policy.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 916.50 Section 916.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... Regulating Handling Regulations § 916.50 Marketing policy. (a) Each season prior to making...

  1. 7 CFR 923.50 - Marketing policy.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 923.50 Section 923.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... COUNTIES IN WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Regulations § 923.50 Marketing policy. (a) Each...

  2. 7 CFR 905.50 - Marketing policy.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 905.50 Section 905.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... TANGELOS GROWN IN FLORIDA Order Regulating Handling Regulations § 905.50 Marketing policy. (a)...

  3. 7 CFR 922.50 - Marketing policy.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Marketing policy. 922.50 Section 922.50 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements... IN WASHINGTON Order Regulating Handling Regulations § 922.50 Marketing policy. (a) Each season...

  4. The thermal neutron capture cross section of the radioactive isotope $^{60}$Fe

    Heftrich, T; Dressler, R; Eberhardt, K; Endres, A; Glorius, J; Göbel, K; Hampel, G; Heftrich, M; Käppeler, F; Lederer, C; Mikorski, M; Plag, R; Reifarth, R; Stieghorst, C; Schmidt, S; Schumann, D; Slavkovská, Z; Sonnabend, K; Wallner, A; Weigand, M; Wiehl, N; Zauner, S

    2015-01-01

    50% of the heavy element abundances are produced via slow neutron capture reactions in different stellar scenarios. The underlying nucleosynthesis models need the input of neutron capture cross sections. One of the fundamental signatures for active nucleosynthesis in our galaxy is the observation of long-lived radioactive isotopes, such as $^{60}$Fe with a half-life of $2.60\\times10^6$ yr. To reproduce this $\\gamma$-activity in the universe, the nucleosynthesis of $^{60}$Fe has to be understood reliably. A $^{60}$Fe sample produced at the Paul-Scherrer-Institut was activated with thermal and epithermal neutrons at the research reactor at the Johannes Gutenberg-Universit\\"at Mainz. The thermal neutron capture cross section has been measured for the first time to $\\sigma_{\\text{th}}=0.226 \\ (^{+0.044}_{-0.049})$ b. An upper limit of $\\sigma_{\\text{RI}} < 0.50$ b could be determined for the resonance integral. An extrapolation towards the astrophysicaly interesting energy regime between $kT$=10 keV and 100 ke...

  5. Immunological assessment of mice hyperimmunized with native and Cobalt-60-irradiated Bothrops venoms

    Ferreira Junior, R.S.; Meira, D.A. [UNESP, Botucatu, SP (Brazil). Dept. de Doencas Tropicais; Barraviera, B. [UNESP, Botucatu, SP (Brazil). Center for the Study of Venoms and Venomous Animals - CEVAP; Nascimento, N.; Alves, J.B. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Martinez, J.C. [UNESP, Botucatu, SP (Brazil). Escola de Engenharia]. E-mail: rseabra@cevap.org.br

    2005-10-15

    ELISA was used to evaluate, accompany, and compare the humoral immune response of Swiss mice during hyperimmunization with native and Cobalt-60-irradiated ({sup 60}Co) venoms of Bothrops jararaca, Bothrops jararacussu and Bothrops moojeni. Potency and neutralization were evaluated by in vitro challenges. After hyperimmunization, immunity was observed by in vivo challenge, and the side effects were assessed. The animals immunization with one LD50 of each venom occurred on days 1, 15, 21, 30, and 45, when blood samples were collected; challenges happened on the 60th day. Results showed that ELISA was efficient in evaluating, accompanying and comparing mouse immune response during hyperimmunization. Serum titers produced with natural venom were similar to those produced with irradiated venom. Immunogenic capacity was maintained after {sup 60} Co-irradiation. The sera produced with native venom showed neutralizing potency and capacity similar to those of the sera produced with irradiated venom. All antibodies were able to neutralize five LD50 from these venoms. Clinical alterations were minimum during hyperimmunization with irradiated venom, however, necrosis and death occurred in animals inoculated with native venom. (author)

  6. Immunological assessment of mice hyperimmunized with native and Cobalt-60-irradiated Bothrops venoms

    ELISA was used to evaluate, accompany, and compare the humoral immune response of Swiss mice during hyperimmunization with native and Cobalt-60-irradiated (60Co) venoms of Bothrops jararaca, Bothrops jararacussu and Bothrops moojeni. Potency and neutralization were evaluated by in vitro challenges. After hyperimmunization, immunity was observed by in vivo challenge, and the side effects were assessed. The animals immunization with one LD50 of each venom occurred on days 1, 15, 21, 30, and 45, when blood samples were collected; challenges happened on the 60th day. Results showed that ELISA was efficient in evaluating, accompanying and comparing mouse immune response during hyperimmunization. Serum titers produced with natural venom were similar to those produced with irradiated venom. Immunogenic capacity was maintained after 60 Co-irradiation. The sera produced with native venom showed neutralizing potency and capacity similar to those of the sera produced with irradiated venom. All antibodies were able to neutralize five LD50 from these venoms. Clinical alterations were minimum during hyperimmunization with irradiated venom, however, necrosis and death occurred in animals inoculated with native venom. (author)

  7. Pentaethylenehexamine-C60 for Temperature Consistent Carbon Capture

    Fabiano, Thales; Soares, Vanessa; Andreoli, Enrico

    2015-01-01

    Fullerene C60 is directly added to and reacted with plain pentaethylenehexamine (PEHA) to give PEHA-functionalized C60 powders. The CO2 capture performance of PEHA-C60 appears to be consistent across a range of temperatures wider than that of polyethyleneimine (PEI)-modified C60, whose high CO2 capture performance drops rapidly with decreasing temperature. At about 30 °C, the CO2 capture capacity of PEHA-C60 is six times higher, 65 mg CO2/g sorbent, than that of PEI-C60, 10 mg/g. In contrast ...

  8. Investigation of Chitosan for Decorporation of 60Co in the Rat

    Levitskaia, Tatiana G.; Creim, Jeffrey A.; Curry, Terry L.; Luders, Teresa; Morris, James E.; Sinkov, Sergey I.; Woodstock, Angela D.; Thrall, Karla D.

    2009-08-01

    was dominant and was found to decrease linearly with time. The oral administration of chitosan appeared to reduce absorption of ingested Co-60; radioactivity in liver and kidney was reduced by over 50%. Intravenously administered chitosan reduced Co-60 levels (after intravenous dosing) in multiple tissues by 15 – 30 %. Decorporation efficacy of oral chitosan was weak. Conclusion: Commercial chemically-unmodified chitosan oligosaccharide exhibited strong potential for the treatment of oral or systemic cobalt exposure. Further studies are warranted to evaluate the dosing regiment.

  9. Investigation of Chitosan for Decorporation of 60Co in the Rat

    dominant and was found to decrease linearly with time. The oral administration of chitosan appeared to reduce absorption of ingested Co-60; radioactivity in liver and kidney was reduced by over 50%. Intravenously administered chitosan reduced Co-60 levels (after intravenous dosing) in multiple tissues by 15-30%. Decorporation efficacy of oral chitosan was weak. Conclusion: Commercial chemically-unmodified chitosan oligosaccharide exhibited strong potential for the treatment of oral or systemic cobalt exposure. Further studies are warranted to evaluate the dosing regiment

  10. 50 CFR 660.320 - Open access fishery-crossover provisions.

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Open access fishery-crossover provisions... West Coast Groundfish-Open Access Fisheries § 660.320 Open access fishery—crossover provisions. (a) Operating in both limited entry and open access fisheries. See provisions at § 660.60, subpart C....

  11. JT-60U high performance regimes

    High performance regimes of JT-60U plasmas are presented with an emphasis upon the results from the use of a semi-closed pumped divertor with W-shaped geometry. Plasma performance in transient and quasi steady states has been significantly improved in reversed shear and high-β p regimes. The reversed shear regime elevated an equivalent QDTeq transiently up to 1.25(nD(0)τE Ti(0) = 8.6x1020m-3 · s · keV) in a reactor-relevant thermonuclear dominant regime. Long sustainment of enhanced confinement with internal transport barriers (ITBs) with a fully non-inductive current drive in a reversed shear discharge was successfully demonstrated with LH wave injection. Performance sustainment has been extended in the high-β p regime with a high triangularity achieving a long sustainment of plasma conditions equivalent to QDTeq ∼ 0.16(nD(0)τE Ti(0) ∼ 1.4x1020m-3 · s · keV) for ∼ 4.5 s with a large non-inductive current drive fraction of 60-70% of the plasma current. Thermal and particle transport analyses show significant reduction of thermal and particle diffusivities around ITB resulting in a strong Er shear in the ITB region. The W-shaped divertor is effective for He ash exhaust demonstrating steady exhaust capability of τHe*/τE ∼ 3 - 10 in support of ITER. Suppression of neutral back flow and chemical sputtering effect have been observed while MARFE onset density is rather decreased. Negative-ion based neutral beam injection (N-NBI) experiments have created a clear H-mode transition. Enhanced ionization cross-section due to multi-step ionization processes was confirmed as theoretically predicted. A current density profile driven by N-NBI is measured in a good agreement with theoretical prediction. N-NBI induced TAE modes characterized as persistent and bursting oscillations have been observed from a low hot beta of h > ∼ 0.1 - 0.2% without a significant loss of fast ions. (author)

  12. Cobalt 60 cation exchange with mexican clays

    Mexican clays can be used to remove radioactive elements from contaminated aqueous solutions. Cation exchange experiments were performed with 60 Co radioactive solution. In the present work the effect of contact time on the sorption of Co 2+ was studied. The contact time in hydrated montmorillonite was from 5 to 120 minutes and in dehydrated montmorillonite 5 to 1400 minutes. The Co 2+ uptake value was, in hydrated montmorillonite, between 0.3 to 0.85 m eq/g and in dehydrated montmorillonite, between 0.6 to 1.40 m eq/g. The experiments were done in a pH 5.1 to 5.7 and normal conditions. XRD patterns were used to characterize the samples. The crystallinity was determined by X-ray Diffraction and it was maintained before and after the cation exchange. DTA thermo grams showed the temperatures of the lost humidity and crystallization water. Finally, was observed that dehydrated montmorillonite adsorb more cobalt than hydrated montmorillonite. (Author)

  13. Fast particle experiments in JT-60U

    Results of fast particle experiments in JT-60U are presented. The fast particles were created with ICRF heating and negative ion based neutral beam injection (N-NBI) heating. With both heating systems Alfven eigenmodes (AEs) were excited. The AEs that were excited with ICRF during sawtooth stabilization experiments are used to extract information about the magnetic safety profile in the plasma centre. These measurements are compared with motional Stark effect measurements and with sawtooth models. The first results on the radial mode structure of TAEs as measured with an X mode reflectometer system are also given. When the N-NBI beam was injected into a sawtoothing plasma, a significant increase in sawtooth period was observed. A survey is given of the bursting, chirping and stationary frequency modes that have been found in the Alfven range of frequencies when N-NBI was injected. Most, but not all, of these modes scale with the Alfven velocity. One group of modes that starts in the continuum and chirps up to the toroidicity induced Alfven eigenmode (TAE) gap in typically 200 ms can be identified as resonant TAEs, whereas another group of modes appears as short bursts (up to 20 ms) in the Alfven continuum. (author)

  14. Dosimetry of Cobalt 60 Gamma Chamber

    S.N. Upadhyay

    1999-07-01

    Full Text Available Ferrous sulphate-benzoic acid-xylen(tl orange (FBX dosimetric system is linear in the range fl|0m 0.01 Gy to 10 Gy and can be used in the case of a nuclear accident, for documenting clinical doses in total-body irradiations in radiation therapy as well as for measuring daily radiation dose during external beam therapy because of its tissue-equivallency. FBX system is stable up to 15 days in the range 15 - 60 degree centigrade. It is independent of photon energy up to 3 ke V and is fairly dose rate in dependent in the range from 0.01 to 2.5 Gy/min. Besides its use in radiation therapy, external beam therapy and nuclear accidents, the present study shows that this dosimeter can be effectively used for determining positional variation inside the gamma chamber. This has been detected by placing dosimetric solutions in small bottles kept in two racks of the phantom in a symmetrical fashion. Average variations in two tracks were found to be 2.74 per cent, 0.33 per cent, 4 per cent and 4.83 per cent.

  15. Engineering cybernetics:60 years in the making

    Zhiqiang GAO

    2014-01-01

    The landmark book of Hsue-Shen Tsien, ‘Engineering Cybernetics’, gave birth 60 years ago to an engineering science of interrelations and synthetic behaviors. Clothing the bare bones of Norbert Wiener’s conception of cybernetics, the book delineates for the new science the requirement (of having direct impacts on engineering applications), the aim (of encapsulating engineering principles and concepts), the problems (of analysis, design, and uncertainty), the tools (of basic and advanced mathematics), and the scope (systems that are single input and output or multiple input and output, linear or nonlinear, deterministic or stochastic). The book is a showcase of originality, critical thinking and foresights. In particular, the author calls into question the basic assumption that‘the properties and characteristics of the system to be controlled were always assumed to be known’ and points out that, in reality, ‘large unpredictable variations of the system properties may occur’. Sixty years later, the full spectrum of Tsien’s prophetic ideas is yet to be fully grasped and engineering cybernetics, as Tsien envisioned, is still in the making.

  16. Onset of ELMs in JT-60U

    The ELMs limiting the energy confinement in JT-60U appear when the heating power is high enough compared to the threshold power for the L-H transition. The ELM-free phase is observed when n-bare is lower than the threshold density n-bareth. The threshold density n-bareth increases with (Bt2/(Rqeff2))li which is a measure parameter for the ballooning stability, where qeff is the effective safety factor at the edge. The edge pressure gradient estimated by n-bareth Ti (95%)/(Ti (95%)0.5/Bp (a)) is proportional to (Bt2/(Rqeff2))li which allows us to understand that the ELMs are related to the ballooning instability. A time dependent analysis of the evolution of pressure and current profiles including the boot-strap current shows that the steep edge pressure gradient is close to the marginal value for the high-n ideal ballooning instability at the onset of ELMs. (author)

  17. Intercomparison between ICRP60 and ICRP103

    In this project inter-comparison between the recommendations from ICRP publication 60, 1900 and the recommendations from ICRP publication 103, 2007 is made. The present 2007 recommendations is an update based on the latest available scientific information of the biology and physics of radiation exposure .This comparison covers the Exposure situations, Tissue Weighting Factors wT, Radiation Weighting Factors wR, and the three Fundamental Principles of Radiological Protection and the protection of the environment. ICRP has retained its fundamental hypothesis for the induction of stochastic effects of linearity of dose and effect without threshold and a dose and dose-rate effectiveness factor (DDREF) of 2 to derive nominal risk coefficients for low doses and low dose rates. While the overall detriment from low radiation doses has remained unchanged, ICRP has made adjustments to the values of the radiation and tissue weighting factors. In particular, the tissue weighting factor for breast has increased while that for gonads has decreased. There are some presentational changes to the system of protection. While ICRP has maintained the three fundamental principles-justification, optimization of protection, and dose limitation-it has attempted to develop a more holistic approach to radiological protection covering all exposure situations-planned, existing and emergency and all radiation sources, whether of natural or artificial origin. Dose constraints and reference levels are categorized into three bands which should assist in rationalizing the many values of dose restrictions given in earlier ICRP publications. (au)

  18. Estimation of low level waste by a regulatory clearance in JT-60U fusion device

    The low level waste of JT-60U fusion device has been estimated by a regulatory clearance. The JT-60U consists of the heating devices such as neutral beam injectors and radio frequency systems, the main devices including the vacuum vessel and the coils, and the diagnostic devices in the torus hall. Those structure materials of the JT-60U device include copper, stainless steels, carbon steel, high manganese steel, inconel 625, ferritic steel, and lead. The gross weight of the device is about 6,400 tons. Radiation transport calculations are performed using 1D code ANISN. In the activation calculations, ACT-4 was employed. The stainless steels of about 50 tons are used for the base of the first wall on the vacuum vessel in JT-60U. For the low level waste management, the evaluation for the steels with the activated nuclides is important. IAEA RS-G-1.7 is applied to the clearance level for the structures of the activated materials. The activated level of the material with 60Co takes about 45 years until less than the clearance level. (author)

  19. 41 CFR 60-741.22 - Direct threat defense.

    2010-07-01

    ... INDIVIDUALS WITH DISABILITIES Discrimination Prohibited § 60-741.22 Direct threat defense. The contractor may... individual or others in the workplace. (See § 60-741.2(y) defining direct threat.)...

  20. Application of a Pelletron accelerator to study total dose radiation effects on 50 GHz SiGe HBTs

    Praveen, K.C.; Pushpa, N.; Naik, P.S. [Department of Studies in Physics, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore 570 006 (India); Cressler, John D. [School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA (United States); Tripathi, Ambuj [Inter University Accelerator Centre (IUAC), New Delhi 110 067 (India); Gnana Prakash, A.P., E-mail: gnanaprakash@physics.uni-mysore.ac.in [Department of Studies in Physics, University of Mysore, Manasagangotri, Mysore 570 006 (India)

    2012-02-15

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Total dose effects of 50 MeV Li3+ ion on 50 GHz SiGe HBTs is investigated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Ion irradiated results were compared with Co-60 gamma results. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer 50 MeV Li ions create more damage in E-B spacer oxide when compared to Co-60 gamma radiation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Co-60 gamma radiation create more damage in STI oxide when compared to 50 MeV Li ions. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Worst case total dose radiation effects can be studied using Pelletron accelerator facilities. - Abstract: We have investigated the effects of 50 MeV lithium ion irradiation on the DC electrical characteristics of first-generation silicon-germanium heterojunction bipolar transistors (50 GHz SiGe HBTs) in the dose range of 600 krad to 100 Mrad. The results of 50 MeV Li{sup 3+} ion irradiation on the SiGe HBTs are compared with 63 MeV proton and Co-60 gamma irradiation results in the same dose range in order to understand the damage induced by different LET species. The radiation response of emitter-base (EB) spacer oxide and shallow trench isolation (STI) oxide to different irradiation types are discussed in this paper. We have also focused on the efficacy in the application of a Pelletron accelerator to study total dose irradiation studies in SiGe HBTs.

  1. Objectives and design of the JT-60 superconducting tokamak

    A fully superconducting tokamak named as JT-60SC is designed for the modification program of JT-60 to enhance economical and environmental attractiveness in tokamak fusion reactors. JT-60SC aims at realizing high-beta steady-state operation in the use of low radio-activation ferritic steel in low ν and ρ regime relevant to the reactor plasmas. Objectives, research issues, plasma control schemes and a conceptual design for JT-60SC are presented. (author)

  2. Modification of tooth development by heat shock protein 60

    Papp Tamás; Polyák Angéla; Papp Krisztina; Mészár Zoltán (1977-) (állatorvos); Zákány Róza (1963-) (anatómus-, kötőszövetbiológus); Mészár-Katona Éva (1986-) (Ph.D hallgató); Terdik Tünde (1969-) (analitikus); Chang, Hwa Ham; Felszeghy Szabolcs Béla (1972-) (fogorvos, anatómus, kötőszövetbiológus)

    2016-01-01

    Although several heat shock proteins have been investigated in relation to tooth development, no available information is available about the spatial and temporal expression pattern of heat shock protein 60 (Hsp 60). To characterize Hsp 60 expression in the structures of the developing tooth germ, we used Western blotting, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Hsp 60 was present in high amounts in the inner and outer enamel epithelia, enamel knot (EK) and stratum intermedium (SI). H...

  3. The Magnetic and Metallic Degenerate G77-50

    Farihi, J; Napiwotzki, R; Koester, D

    2011-01-01

    An accumulation of multi-epoch, high-resolution, optical spectra reveal that the nearby star G77-50 is a very cool DAZ white dwarf externally polluted by Mg, Fe, Al, Ca, and possibly Na, Cr, Mn. The metallic and hydrogen absorption features all exhibit multiple components consistent with Zeeman splitting in a B~120kG magnetic field. Ultraviolet through infrared photometry combined with trigonometric parallaxes yield Teff=5310K, M=0.60Msun, and a cooling age of 5.2Gyr. The space velocity of the white dwarf suggests possible membership in the Galactic thick disk, consistent with an estimated total age of 8.6Gyr. G77-50 is spectrally similar to G165-7 and LHS 2534; these three cool white dwarfs comprise a small group exhibiting both metals and magnetism. The photospheric metals indicate accretion of rocky debris similar to that contained in asteroids, but the cooling age implies a remnant planetary system should be stable. A possibility for G77-50 and similarly old, polluted white dwarfs is a recent stellar enco...

  4. 10 CFR 60.32 - Conditions of construction authorization.

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Conditions of construction authorization. 60.32 Section 60... GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Licenses Construction Authorization § 60.32 Conditions of construction authorization. (a) A construction authorization shall include such conditions as the Commission finds to...

  5. 10 CFR 60.101 - Purpose and nature of findings.

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Purpose and nature of findings. 60.101 Section 60.101 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION (CONTINUED) DISPOSAL OF HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES IN GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Technical Criteria § 60.101 Purpose and nature of findings. (a)(1) Subpart B of this...

  6. 46 CFR 56.60-3 - Ferrous materials.

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Ferrous materials. 56.60-3 Section 56.60-3 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) MARINE ENGINEERING PIPING SYSTEMS AND APPURTENANCES Materials § 56.60-3 Ferrous materials. (a) Ferrous pipe used for salt water service must...

  7. 40 CFR 60.4140 - State trading budgets.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false State trading budgets. 60.4140 Section 60.4140 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... Electric Steam Generating Units Hg Allowance Allocations § 60.4140 State trading budgets. The State...

  8. 27 CFR 478.60 - Certain continuances of business.

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certain continuances of business. 478.60 Section 478.60 Alcohol, Tobacco Products, and Firearms BUREAU OF ALCOHOL, TOBACCO... Licenses § 478.60 Certain continuances of business. A licensee who furnishes his license to the...

  9. 40 CFR 60.372 - Standards for lead.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards for lead. 60.372 Section 60...) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Standards of Performance for Lead-Acid Battery Manufacturing Plants § 60.372 Standards for lead. (a) On and after the date on which the performance...

  10. 49 CFR 230.60 - Time of washing.

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Time of washing. 230.60 Section 230.60... Washing Boilers § 230.60 Time of washing. (a) Frequency of washing. All boilers shall thoroughly be washed... inspection. The date of the boiler wash shall be noted on the FRA Form No. 1 or FRA Form No. 3. (See...

  11. 10 CFR 60.16 - Site characterization plan required.

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Site characterization plan required. 60.16 Section 60.16... REPOSITORIES Licenses Preapplication Review § 60.16 Site characterization plan required. Before proceeding to sink shafts at any area which has been approved by the President for site characterization, DOE...

  12. 10 CFR 60.17 - Contents of site characterization plan.

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Contents of site characterization plan. 60.17 Section 60... GEOLOGIC REPOSITORIES Licenses Preapplication Review § 60.17 Contents of site characterization plan. The site characterization plan shall contain— (a) A general plan for site characterization activities to...

  13. 31 CFR 10.60 - Institution of proceeding.

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Institution of proceeding. 10.60 Section 10.60 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury PRACTICE BEFORE THE INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE Rules Applicable to Disciplinary Proceedings § 10.60 Institution of proceeding....

  14. 41 CFR 60-1.22 - Where to file.

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Where to file. 60-1.22 Section 60-1.22 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts... § 60-1.22 Where to file. Complaints may be filed with the OFCCP, 200 Constitution Avenue,...

  15. 7 CFR 4279.60 - Civil Rights Impact Analysis.

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Civil Rights Impact Analysis. 4279.60 Section 4279.60... RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED LOANMAKING General § 4279.60 Civil Rights..., “Civil Rights Impact Analysis” are met and will complete the appropriate level of review in...

  16. 40 CFR 60.342 - Standard for particulate matter.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standard for particulate matter. 60.342... Manufacturing Plants § 60.342 Standard for particulate matter. (a) On and after the date on which the... gases which: (1) Contain particulate matter in excess of 0.30 kilogram per megagram (0.60 lb/ton)...

  17. 40 CFR 60.532 - Standards for particulate matter.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards for particulate matter. 60... Wood Heaters § 60.532 Standards for particulate matter. Unless exempted under § 60.530, each affected... comply with the following particulate matter emission limits as determined by the test methods...

  18. 40 CFR 60.302 - Standard for particulate matter.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standard for particulate matter. 60.302... § 60.302 Standard for particulate matter. (a) On and after the 60th day of achieving the maximum... a grain dryer any process emission which: (1) Contains particulate matter in excess of 0.023...

  19. 42 CFR 60.39 - Death and disability claims.

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Death and disability claims. 60.39 Section 60.39... ASSISTANCE LOAN PROGRAM The Lender and Holder § 60.39 Death and disability claims. (a) Death. The Secretary... death. (b) Disability. (1) The Secretary will discharge a borrower's liability on the loan in...

  20. 36 CFR 1002.60 - Livestock use and agriculture.

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Livestock use and agriculture. 1002.60 Section 1002.60 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PRESIDIO TRUST RESOURCE PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION § 1002.60 Livestock use and agriculture. (a) The running-at-large, herding,...

  1. 36 CFR 2.60 - Livestock use and agriculture.

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Livestock use and agriculture. 2.60 Section 2.60 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR RESOURCE PROTECTION, PUBLIC USE AND RECREATION § 2.60 Livestock use and agriculture. (a)...

  2. 42 CFR 60.61 - Responsibilities of a HEAL school.

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Responsibilities of a HEAL school. 60.61 Section 60... EDUCATION ASSISTANCE LOAN PROGRAM The School § 60.61 Responsibilities of a HEAL school. (a) A HEAL school is... loan. The school must inform the loan recipient during the entrance interview of his or her rights...

  3. 41 CFR 60-20.4 - Seniority system.

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Seniority system. 60-20.4 Section 60-20.4 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts... DISCRIMINATION GUIDELINES § 60-20.4 Seniority system. Where they exist, seniority lines and lists must not...

  4. 40 CFR 60.17 - Incorporations by reference.

    2010-07-01

    ....17, see the List of CFR Sections Affected, which appears in the Finding Aids section of the printed... Paint Materials by the Karl Fischer Titration Method, IBR approved for appendix A: Method 24, Section 6... for §§ 60.4360 and 60.4415(a)(1)(ii). (60) ASTM D4177-95, Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling...

  5. 42 CFR 60.14 - The insurance premium.

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false The insurance premium. 60.14 Section 60.14 Public... LOAN PROGRAM The Loan § 60.14 The insurance premium. (a) General. (1) The Secretary insures each lender... dischargeability of the HEAL loan; or defaults on his or her loan. For this insurance, the Secretary charges...

  6. 46 CFR 111.60-9 - Segregation of vital circuits.

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Segregation of vital circuits. 111.60-9 Section 111.60-9 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING ELECTRIC SYSTEMS-GENERAL REQUIREMENTS Wiring Materials and Methods § 111.60-9 Segregation of vital circuits. (a) General....

  7. 46 CFR 91.60-45 - American Bureau of Shipping.

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false American Bureau of Shipping. 91.60-45 Section 91.60-45 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY (CONTINUED) CARGO AND MISCELLANEOUS VESSELS....60-45 American Bureau of Shipping. (a) The American Bureau of Shipping, with its home office at...

  8. 41 CFR 60-30.11 - Depositions upon oral examination.

    2010-07-01

    ... examination. 60-30.11 Section 60-30.11 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to... EXECUTIVE ORDER 11246 Prehearing Procedures § 60-30.11 Depositions upon oral examination. (a) Depositions; notice of examination. After commencement of the action, any party may take the testimony of any...

  9. 28 CFR 513.60 - Freedom of Information Act requests.

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Freedom of Information Act requests. 513.60 Section 513.60 Judicial Administration BUREAU OF PRISONS, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE GENERAL MANAGEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION ACCESS TO RECORDS Release of Information Freedom of Information Act Requests for Information § 513.60 Freedom of Information...

  10. 40 CFR 60.3000 - When must I comply?

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When must I comply? 60.3000 Section 60.3000 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS (CONTINUED... Schedule § 60.3000 When must I comply? Table 1 of this subpart specifies the final compliance date....

  11. 40 CFR 60.2951 - What reports must I submit?

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What reports must I submit? 60.2951 Section 60.2951 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS... Recordkeeping and Reporting § 60.2951 What reports must I submit? See table 4 of this subpart for a summary...

  12. 40 CFR 60.3048 - What reports must I submit?

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What reports must I submit? 60.3048 Section 60.3048 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS... Rule-Recordkeeping and Reporting § 60.3048 What reports must I submit? See table 5 of this subpart...

  13. 40 CFR 60.2185 - What reports must I submit?

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What reports must I submit? 60.2185 Section 60.2185 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS... § 60.2185 What reports must I submit? See table 4 of this subpart for a summary of the...

  14. 40 CFR 60.2750 - What reports must I submit?

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What reports must I submit? 60.2750 Section 60.2750 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) AIR PROGRAMS..., 1999 Model Rule-Recordkeeping and Reporting § 60.2750 What reports must I submit? See table 5 of...

  15. Transient Spectroscopic Properties of [60]Fullerene-Containing Cyclic Sulphoxide

    2002-01-01

    The properties of the triplet excited state of [60]fullerene-containing cyclic sulphoxide have been investigated by time-resolved absorption spectroscopy. Transient absorption bands of [60]fullerene-containing cyclic sulphoxide showed two decay-components, which were attributed to triplet excited states of different spin multiplicity. The properties of photoexcited states of [60]fullerene-containing cyclic sulphoxide are also reported.

  16. 40 CFR 262.60 - Imports of hazardous waste.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 25 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Imports of hazardous waste. 262.60 Section 262.60 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES (CONTINUED) STANDARDS APPLICABLE TO GENERATORS OF HAZARDOUS WASTE Imports of Hazardous Waste § 262.60...

  17. 40 CFR 60.1915 - What is yard waste?

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is yard waste? 60.1915 Section 60... Municipal Waste Combustion Units Constructed on or Before August 30, 1999 Model Rule-Air Curtain Incinerators That Burn 100 Percent Yard Waste § 60.1915 What is yard waste? Yard waste is grass,...

  18. 40 CFR 60.31d - Emissions guidelines.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Emissions guidelines. 60.31d Section 60...) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Emissions Guidelines and Compliance Times for Sulfuric Acid Production Units § 60.31d Emissions guidelines. Sulfuric acid production units. The...

  19. 40 CFR 60.33e - Emissions guidelines.

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Emissions guidelines. 60.33e Section 60...) STANDARDS OF PERFORMANCE FOR NEW STATIONARY SOURCES Emission Guidelines and Compliance Times for Hospital/Medical/Infectious Waste Incinerators § 60.33e Emissions guidelines. (a) For approval, a State plan...

  20. 41 CFR 105-60.305-10 - Fee schedule.

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fee schedule. 105-60.305-10 Section 105-60.305-10 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management..., Orders, Policies, Interpretations, Manuals, and Instructions § 105-60.305-10 Fee schedule. (a) When...